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The World's Daily Newspaper 

Paris, Monday, March 10, 1997 

An Italian Powerhouse 
Mixes Money and Style 

Fiat, Mediobanca and Marzotto Creation 
Could Rule Europe’s Fashion Industry 

•****•_-■ i»VT 

_ i ‘ "». 

By Alan Friedman 
and Suzy Menkes 

/wiwwarn Herald Tribune 

MILAN — Three of Iialv’s most 
powerful business empires — Fiat. Me- 
diobanca and the Marzotto clothing 
group will pool a range of activities 
to create a $5 billion-a-year conglom- 
erate that could change the face of 
Europe’s fashion and clothing in- 

In European terms, the move will 
; ^produce, among its holdings, a clothing 
r and fashion powerhouse that includes 
. the manufacturers of such brands as 
Armani, Valentino. Hugo Boss and 

But critics warned over the weekend 
that in Italian terms, the deal may be an 
attempt by Mediobanca, the secretive 
Milan merchant bank, to place under 
one roof ar array of assets that rep- 
resents more a power play than a group 
based on a coherent industrial strategy. 

Separately, executives of some of the 
designer houses that would be grouped 
under the new entity worried that the 
merger would create a corporate jug- 
gernaut that could hurt quality con- 

FBI Alerted 
* 6 Lawmakers 
To Donations 
From Beijing 

By Brian Duffy 
and Bob Woodward 

Washing!, vt Post Service 

, WASHINGTON — The FBI wanted 
six members of Congress, including 
Senator Dianne Feins tern, last year that 
they had been singled out by China to 
receive illegal campaign contributions 
tunneled through foreign corporations, 
according to U.S. government officials. 

The unusual warnings, delivered in 
individual, classified briefings, were 
based on what the officials called " spe- 
cific and credible" intelligence infor- 
mation. The FBI briefing materials, the 
officials said, included this statement: 
V“We have reason to believe that the 
* government of China may try to make 
contributions to members of Congress 
through Asian donors. 

1 The identities of the other members 
of Congress warned by the FBI could 
not be confirmed. • 

A spokesman for Mrs. Feinstein. who 
sits on the Foreign Relations Commit- 
tee, said the California Democrat re- 
ceived the FBI briefing on June 14. 

Bill Chandler, the spokesman, de- 
clined.toprovide further information but 
said that Mrs. Feinstein decided Friday 
to return approximately $ 1 2,000 in cam- 
paign contributions from donors asso- 
ciated with Lippo Group, an Indonesian 
banking and real estate conglomerate 
with extensive business interests in 
C hina. It is not clear whether those 
^.contributions are linked to the suspected 
il'Chinese government operation. 

• A Justice Department task force cre- 
ated late last year to investigate fund- 
raising activities during the 1996 cam- 
paign has found no evidence that Mrs. 
Feinstein or any other member of Con- 
gress knowingly received illegal pay- 
ments from the Chinese government, 
officials said. 

But investigators have obtamed what 
See WARNING, Page 6 


trol and flatten smaller fashion houses. 

Giovanni Agnelli, the honorary pres- 
ident of Fiat, called the creation of the 
new Gruppo Industrials Marzotto “an 
excellent deal" and said: “1 am sure this 
huge clothing and publishing group is in 
a position to do very well." 

Nearly two-thirds of the new con- 
glomerate will be in the fashion and 
textiles sector. Bur the company will 
also control the Rizzoli Corriere della 
Sera newspaper and book-publishing 
business and will have investments in 
the Pirelli tire business, in metallurgy, 
pulp and paper, household furnishings, 
and banks including a 0.7 percent equity- 
stake in Mediobanca itself. 

The leading shareholders of GIM will 
be Fiat, with 17.3 percenu Marzotto. 
with 12.4 percent, and Mediobanca, 
with 10.5 percent. 

While Pietro Marzotto. chairman of 
the new group, hailed the merger as 
having assembled “a very important 
fashion group with great synergies, 
which will encourage product devel- 
opment and research into new mater- 
ials," critics were less sanguine. 

"The move is not justified by any 
industrial plan, " said Waller Cerfeda. 
an official of the CGIL trade union. 

Natale Forlani of the CISL. another 
union group, said. "The merger is 
aimed at perpetuating the old balance of 

The new group said it would have 
annual revenue of 8.2 trillion lire (S4.85 
billion), a net profit of 253 billion lire, 
with a work force of 2 1 .000 people. 

Some critics suggested that the new 
group, which will start with 1 trillion lire 
of cash resources, might aim to secure 
large stakes in Italian state-controlled 
groups that are slated for privatization. 
These include the telecommunications 
g iant S ociety Finanziaria Telefonica, or 
STET, and its subsidiary Telecom 

"The most likely design of Fiat. Mar- 
zotto and Mediobanca is to play an 

See MERGER. Page 13 

h-'- ' i 


Ojtu < \v> eVK ci*a k 

By Sandra Sugawara 

Wjsiiinelan Pest ServUv 

TOKYO — After six years of painful 
recession and stagnation, many Japa- 
nese have reached a once-umhinkable 
conclusion: Japan Inc. has got to go. 

The famous system of government- 
corporate collaboration that made their 
countrv one of the world's richest has 
proved powerless to revive an economy 
that last boomed in 1990. Now political 
and business leaders, with the support of 
much of the public, are trying to make 
changes on a scale not seen since U.S. 
occupation forces busted up the Daihatsu 
industrial trusts after World War D. 

The new view is that years of pro- 
tection of core industries in the home 

market — banks, airlines, insurance, 
energy, transportation and others — 
have left many fat and bumbling. They 
must face competition, even if it is pain- 
ful in the near rerm. These are signs of 
the changing times: 

• Small and medium-sized banks, 
burdened with bad loans, are being al- 
lowed to fail for the first time in half a 
century. Japanese television viewers 
have seen sobering images of worried 
account holders lining up at shuttered 

• Big manufacturers are buying parts 
from lower-cost factories abroad and 
letting increasing numbers of local sup- 
pliers. small operations that they nur- 
tured for years, go bankrupt. 

• Discount retailing, long a taboo to 

How Scientologists Won Tax-Exempt Status in U.S. 

By Douglas Frantz 

iVfH York Tima Sen-ice __ 

On Oct. 8, 1993, 10,000 cheering 
Scientologists thronged the Los Angeles 
Sports Arena to celebrate the most im- 
portant milestone in the church’s recent 
history: victory in its 3ll-out war against 
the Internal Revenue Service. 

For 25 years, IRS agents had branded 
Scientology a commercial enterprise 
and refusal to give it the tax exemption 
granted to churches. The refusals had 
been upheld in every U.S. court. But 
that night the crowd learned of an as- 
tonishing turnaround. The IRS had 
granted tax exemptions to every Sci- 
entology entity in die United States. 

“The war is over," David Miscav- 
ige. the church’s leader, declared to 
tumultuous applause. 

The landmark reversal shocked tax 
experts and saved the church tens of 
millions of dollars in taxes. More sig- 
nificantly, the decision was an invalu- 
able public relations tool in Sciento- 
logy’s worldwide campaign for 
acceptance as a mainstream religion. 

On the basis of the ruling, the State 
Department recently criticized Ger- 
many for discriminating against Sci- 
entologists. Bonn regards the organi- 
zation as a business, not a tax-exempt 

The full story of the IRS turnabout 
has remained hidden behind taxpayer 
privacy laws for nearly four years. But a 
New York Times examination found 

that the exemption fol- 
lowed a series of un- 
usual internal IRS ac- 
tions that came after a 
broad campaign or- 
chestrated by Sciento- 
logy against the IRS 
and people who work 
there. Among the find- 
ings of the review, 
based on interviews 
and public and internal 
church records, were: 

• Scientology law- 
yers hired private in- 
vestigators to dig into 
the private lives of IRS 
officials and to con- 
duct surveillance to 

uncover potential vulnerabilities. One 
investigator said he had interviewed 
tenants in buildings owned by three 
IRS officials, seeking housing code 
violations. He also said he had created 
a phony news bureau in Washington to 
gather information on church critics. 
The church also financed an organi- 
zation of IRS whistle-blowers that at- 
tacked the agency publicly. 

• The IRS decision to negotiate with 
the church came after Fred Goldberg Jr., 
the commissioner at the time, had an 
unusual meeting with Mr. Miscavige in 
1991. Scientology's own version of the 
event recounts how the church leader 
walked into the agency’s headquarters 
without an appointment and got in to see 
Mr. Goldberg. Mr. Miscavige offered to 



call a halt to Sciento- 
logy’s lawsuits against 
the IRS in exchange for 
tax exemptions. 

• After the meeting, 
Mr. Goldberg created a 
committee to negotiate 
a settlement wifi Sci- 
entology outside nor- 
mal agency procedures. 
When it found that all 
church entities should 
be tax-exempt. IRS tax 
analysts were ordered 
to ignore the substan- 
tive issues in reviewing 
the decision, according 
to IRS memorandums 
and court files. 

• The IRS refused to disclose terms 
of the agreement, including whether the 
church was required to pay back taxes, 
saying it was confidential taxpayer in- 
formation. The agency required both 
the Jimmy S waggon Ministries and an 
affiliate of the Reverend Jerry Falwell 
to disclose that they paid back taxes in 
settling disputes in recent years. 

In interviews, senior Scientology of- 
ficials and the IRS denied that the 
church's aggressive tactics had any 
effect on the agency's decision. 

Mr. Goldberg, who left as IRS com- 
missioner in January 1992 to become 
an assistant treasury secretary, said pri- 
vacy laws prohibited him from dis- 
cussing Scientology or his meeting 
with Mr. Miscavige. 

The IRS reversal on Scientology 
was nearly as unprecedented as the 
long and bitter war between the or- 
ganizations. Over the years, the agency 
had steadfastly refusal exemptions to 
most Scientology entities, and its 
agents had singled out die church for 
numerous investigations and audits. 

Throughout the fight, the agency's 
view was supported by the courts. A 
year before the IRS’s reversal, the U.S. 
Claims Court had upheld its denial of 
an exemption to Scientology's Church 
of Spiritual Technology, which had 
been created to safeguard the writings 
and lectures of L. Ron Hubbard, the late 
science fiction writer whose preach- 
ings form the church's scripture. 

Among the reasons listed by the 
court were “the commercial character 
of much of Scientology." its “vir- 
tually incomprehensible financial pro- 
cedures" and its "scripturally based 
hostility to taxation." 

In October 1 993 the IRS announced 
that it was issuing 30 exemption letters 
covering about 150 Scientology 
churches, missions and corporations. 
Among them was the Church of Spir- 
itual Technology. 

“It was a very surprising decision." 
said Lawrence Gibbs, the IRS com- 
missioner from 1986 to 1989 and Mr. 
Goldberg's predecessor. “When you 
have as much litigation over as much 
time, with the general uniformity of 


The Tough Task of Selling the Euro 


By Anne Swardson 

• Wtuhineton Post Sen-ice _ 

. DOUAJ, France — Holding his cafet- 
eria tray of roast chicken and cheese 
Michel Bamier did something rarefora 
French cabinet minister: He mingled 

with ordinary people. 

Plopping himself down at a table; of 
high^hoolers in this nwthem mdutfrri 
loSn, the minister for European ^" 
asked them what womes they had about 

v • Newsstand Wees ... 

i Andorra ..I lO.OOFF Morocco. ^ 

[Andies . .. 12.50 FF Qatar 1000 e ^? 

Cameroon .1.600 CFA Reunion 12.50 t-F 

: Egypt... EE 5.50 saud Arabia. ..10.00 R. 

Francs 10.00 FF gQj^gal 1.100 CFA 

. Gabon 1 100 CFA g 225 pjAS 

toty 2.800 1 bra Tuniaa 1.250 Dm 

Ivory Coast. 1.250 CrA io.O0 Dirh 

us 1 

Europe’s plan to join all its currencies 
into one. 

Mr. Bamier got an earful. 

Will all the languages meld together? 
asked Janie Lamiaux, 16- 

Will cannabis become legal or will 
the Netherlands have to tighten its lax 
laws? asked Ouraoui Dal la. 18. 

And Manuel Roumelard, 17, had 
some big ones. “Will it resolve our 
unemployment problem?" he inquired. 
“Will we .see a difference? Will it be 
good for us?" 

Mr. Bamier answered each question 
as best he could, as he has in one comer 

El) leaders are trying to quicken 
the pace of Union reform. Page 5. 

of France or another every Thursday for 
the last 18 weeks. But beyond Douai. 
beyond France, fundamental concerns 
are being raised by ordinary European 
citizens about how their lives will 
change in the new-money world of the 

euro. . ... . , . 

Polls in the countries likely to be in 
the euro "club’' when the selection is 
made a year from now mostly show 
.support, either by majorities or evenly 

divided figures. Politicians and experts 
fear, though, that as the budgetary aus- 
terity required to qualify for the club 
intensifies, and sacrifices are required 
from citizens, support may erode if 
people do not understand the purpose of 
the exercise. 

“We have constructed Europe for 30 
years for die people, but without them." 
said Mr. Bamier. “Europe must put a 
face on whar it does, explain what it 
does, rather than just pass laws and 
produce texts." 

Mr. Bamier was summing up a cen- 
tral problem. Europeans in many of the 
European Union’s 15 member countries 
tend to regard the Union as a distant, 
bureaucratic, nannyish entity. From 
Finland to Greece, there is a widespread 
view that policies made in Brussels are 
enacted with little thought for the or- 
dinary citizen. Until now, that attitude 
has not undermined support for the 
European Union, but there are signs that 
may be changing. 

Last week, for instance, when the 
French automaker Renault abruptly an- 
nounced it was dosing a factory in 
Belgium, eliminating 3,000 jobs, thou- 

See FRANCE, Page 6 

Reward Is Offered 
In Beijing Blast 

Saying that "criminal elements" 
were behind the bombing of a bus in 
Beijing, China offered a reward for 
help in solving the case. 

Uighur nationalists took responsi- 
bility for the blast and promised to 
continue the bombing campaign in 
pursuit of their goal of an independent 
Xinjiang region. 

The tomb went off Friday during 
rush hour. Government media say no 
one died in the blast, but sources said 
two people were killed and 30 were 
wounded. The blasi in Beijing fol- 
lowed a series of bombings in Ur- 
umqi, the Xinjiang capital. Page 4. 

Books Page 7. 


Opinion Page 8. 

Sports Pages 16-18. 

Kipketer of Denmark celebrating 
his victory and record in the 800 
meters Sunday in Paris. Page 18. 

No. 35,465 

I PENNED — Vietnamese children peering out from a Hong Kong camp during a visit by the UN refugee 
chief, Sadako Ogata, on Sunday. China is pressuring Hong Kong to do something about the Vietnamese. 

Japanese Face Up to Need for Change 

As Nation’s Old Economic Model Wanes, Apprehension Mixes With Hope 

protect millions of shopkeepers, is a big 
growth industry. Many Japanese, seek- 
ing to make household budgets go fur- 
ther in times of economic hardship, shop 
at supermarkets and cut-rate warehouse 
stores, bypassing the small shops and 
their higher prices. 

• Foreign products have gained new 
importance in the marketplace — rice, 
beef, medical equipment, computers, 
clothing — and are helping to push 
down prices. 

• Prime Minister Ryu taro Hashimoto 
is championing a plan to remove many 
regulations on the financial industry. 
Regulators are clearing the way for the 
takeoff of Skymark, fie first new air- 

See JAPAN. Page 13 

MOmatmal Classified 


The IHT on-line 

Jnpnnvup Take Silly 7T Seriously 

Expels U.S. 
For Spying 

Envoy Is Accused 
Of Trying to Steal 
High-Tech Secrets 

By William Drozdiak 

Washington Post Service 

BERLIN — Germany has ordered an 
American diplomat to leave the country 
after accusing him of trying to recruit 
senior officials for espionage and steal 
secrets related to high-technology pro- 
jects, government officials say. 

It was believed to be the first time that 
an American diplomat has been ex- 
pelled on spying charges from postwar 
Germany, according to a report by Der 
Spiegel, the weekly newsmagazine, 
which made public the information 
ahead of publication on Monday. 

German officials confirmed the ex- 
pulsion, but a spokeswoman for the U.S. 
Embassy declined to comment. State 
Department officials in Washington 
also declined to comment. 

According to Der Spiegel’s account, 
a CIA agent working under diplomatic 
cover tried to obtain classified infor- 
mation and suborn officials from Ger- 
many's Economics Ministry. An offi- 
cial who was approached reported the 
contacts to Germany's counterespion- 
age agency, the Federal Office for the 
Protection of the Constitution, which 
demanded that the diplomat leave the 

The news weekly said the diplomat, 
whom it did not identify, had already 
left Germany, although it did not say 
when. To avoid any disruption in good 
working relations between the two al- 
lies, Der Spiegel said the case was 
handled discreetly by the intelligence 
hierarchies of both nations. The Bonn 
government did not summon the U.S. 
charge d'affaires. J.D. Bindenagel, to 
express its displeasure nor did it for- 
mally declare the alleged spy persona 
non grata. 

The spying episode reflects a new era 
of increasing economic competition 
among Western allies now that the So- 
viet military threat has vanished. Two 
years ago, France expelled five Amer- 
icans — four of them CIA officers op- 
erating as diplomats in the U.S. Em- 
bassy — after they were caught trying to 
bribe French officials for information 

See EXPEL, Page 6 

Albanian Chief 
Offers Vote and 

By Christine Spolar 

Washington Post Service 

VLORE. Albania — President Sali 
Berisha, confronted with an armed ci- 
vilian revolt throughout the south, said 
Sunday that he sought a "new gov- 
ernment of reconciliation" to represent 
all political parties. He proposed new 
elections within two months. 

In an extraordinary televised session 
with opposition leaders. Mr. Berisha said 
he wanted to send a “civilized message" 
from the embattled Balkan counrry to its 
neighbors and “those who are watching 
very closely what is going on here." 

Opposition leaders later agreed to the 
presidential offer even as the rebel 
groups in the south dismissed it and 
continued to demand his resignation 

“This is what Albania needs more 
than anything else." Mr. Berisha said of 
his call for unity. The new Parliament, 
he said, should include members of the 
Socialist Party, the successors to the 
Communist regime that ruled the coun- 
try for decades. 

Mr. Berisha 's offer appeared 
grudging after a week of demands from 
opposition parties and the European 
Community and days after he was elect- 
ed to a second presidential term by his 
lopsided majority in Parliamenr. 

At least one of the proposals was 
likely to be rebuffed by his toughest 
critics — his suggestion for elections 
within two months. The Socialists had 
previously said such a short period 
would not give them time to prepare. 

Mr. Berisha also made a vague and 
unclear offer of general amnesty for all 
those involved with pyramid schemes. 
The collapse of such schemes triggered 
ihe revolt. 

He also suggested extending by an- 
other week an amnesty for those who 
have stolen weapons from state military 
barracks. The original amnesty has lasted 
two days and has been largely ignored. 

Mr. Berisha's statement came the day 
after the army lost another key southern 
town, Gjirokaster. which fell to the 
rebels Saturday. A retired army general. 
Agim Gozhita. look charge, ordering 

See ALBANIA, Page 6 




Contrary to National Image / Japan's 'Silly' Tele' 

Life Too Serious? Cue the Pudding Racers 

By Sheryl WuDunn 

Afcv York Tunes Service 

T okyo — on one 

channel, two men 
race around an 
obstacle course, 
clumps of slippery vanilla 
pudding swishing around on 
plates on their heads. 

On another, dozens of chefs 
are cooking up mayonnaise 
masterpieces: mayonnaise 

cream puffs, mayonnaise 
noodles. mayonnaise-and- 
meat hot pot, mayonnaise stir- 

fry- ' V 

And on another, two women ■ -|g| 

are trying to crush soda cans ’ 

by putting them in their cleav- V .„ 

ages and squeezing their 
bikini-clad breasts together. |Pr 

So much for the image of y j " * 
serious Japan. 

Anyone who turns on a tele- 
vision at night in Japan finds a 
succession of variety shows * 

that are crazy, zany "and ab- ' ,'■■■■ 

solute ly inane. J9KZ.~~ ■■ ■ i 

If a Western stereotype of 
Japanese is of painfully serious people who relax by 
taking off their dark jackets and listening to Mozart 
on compact disk, a night spent watching Japanese 
television will disprove it. “I really like what you 
call silly programs." said Keoichiro Horn, 39. a 
television columnist who has six televisions in his 
home office, three of which are on virtually all his 
waking hours. "I like programs that make no sense, 
that have no point. The more nonsensical they are. 
the more interesting I find them." 

To be sure, every country has inanity on the 
airwaves, and Japan does produce many serious 
television programs about domestic and interna- 
tional affairs. There may be more nudity on Jap- 
anese television than on American screens, but 
there is also sophisticated discussion of economics 
and ample cultural programming. 

Moreover, a few variety programs have won 
thousands of fans for their inventiveness, and some 
Japanese television programming is broadcast else- 
where in Asia. Japan also produces engaging video 
games that sell well around the world. 

But when it comes to creating television pro- 
grams and movies, few people seem impressed. The 
pudding-race program, for instance, was pulled off 
the air because its ratings were too low. 

These days, as the battle for japan’s airwaves 


i*' : * 


Futtyo Aiia/Tht New York Turn 

Shows like this one, featuring women 
crushing soda cans in their cleavages, 
have led viewers to complain about 
‘ too many stupid programs.' 

Kato, a sociologist “It's not intellectual It’s not 

A typical Japanese viewer over 7 years old 
watched television for 3 hours 47 minutes each day 
last year, down six minutes from the year before, 
according to the Broadcasting Culture Research 
Institute of NHK. the Japan Broadcasting Coip. In 
the United States, according to Nielsen Media Re- 
search, the television set in an average home is on 
for 7 hours 48 minutes a day. 

P RIME -TIME television is not focused on 
cops-and-robbers shows, sitcoms or family 
dramas. Instead, it is Ml of low-budget 
game shows and variety programs in which 
TV personalities do things like engage 4-year-olds 
in tricycle races during which the children take bites 
from hanging doughnuts. 

One program brought but a young child, told him 
that his mother had been shot to death and timed h im 
to see how long it would take before he started 
crying. Other television hosts learn how to firm up 
their buttock muscles from exercise gurus like 
Atsuo Doi. 52. who bas written a book and formed 

heats up in anticipation of more cable and satellite 
channels, more and more Japanese are voicing 
frustration with their television programs. 

“You can’t be serious about what’s going on the 
TV screen, it’s such nonsense." said Hidetoshi 

H • * bis own Institute of the 

tw/f Healthy Method of Anus Ex- 

mL ... Jg erasing. 
giaHapsgg^jP “TKe audience is becom- 
‘ big more easily bored and the 
V[~ : S| : younger they are, the more 

, bored they become,” said 
. * Hiroshi Watanabe, who dir- 
- £ ects a popular quiz show. 

* ‘But ^ P^grams these days 
just do the same thing over 
and over.” 

Repetition is not what in- 
spired Mariko Toyota's re- 
^ cent angry letter to Asahi 
• Shimbun. the Toky o daily. It 
' .. r •" was the increasingly absurd 
raciness on television, 
v-jl ‘ ‘There are too many stupid 

JSfSx, . " TV programs,” said Mrs. 

Skky... ‘ Toyota. 35. “TV stars go be- 

wsr ^ yond common sense to take 

. off their trousers. Sometimes 
the >‘ even £ake off their un- 
ir " '! derwear to get a laugh.” She 
!*' • ;.3jp added: “If this is tbe present 

V ' status of Japanese comedy, it 
is pitiful.” 

On Saturday nights, for in- 
stance, one variety program of- 
fers viewers a strange mix of silliness and nudity. 

In one episode, the program began with the 
introduction of a giant purple robot. The character, 
played by a contestant who had spent 150 hours to 
make his cardboard and plastic costume, shyly 
chatted with the show's hosts and hostesses before 
he and his escorts stumbled off stage. 

Then the stage set changed and a middle-aged 
man dressed in a kimono described tbe personalities - 
of three women by reading the lipstick prints they 
left on a glass window after kissing it in from of the 
audience. After a few skits featuring women in 
lingerie and another woman receiving a full-body 
massage, the p r ogram moved on to scenes of a 
female photographer taking pictures of a woman 
stripping before the camertL 
The program, which is supposed to help ease 
stress in both men and women, is aimed at Japan's 
best and brightest: college students. 

“Students don't want to watch programs about 
social problems or politics when they come home 
and would rather watch girls with nice bodies or 
girls in lingerie," said Kenichiro Ono, producer of 
the program. “They want to recover their energy 
through watching such programs. If it's after mid- 
night, or 1 A.M., they just want to watch a program 
where they don’t have to use their brain.” 

Mr. Ono seems to have reached even an even 
younger audience. Irate mothers have sent in letters 
asking to move the show later because their grade- 
school sons were secretly waking up late at night to 
watch the show. 

Peru Putting Pressure on Journalists in Hostage Crisis 

By Diana Jean Schemo 

New fort Tunes Service 

LIMA — With talks aimed at freeing 
72 hostages being held here by leftist 
rebels derailed, the Peruvian govern- 
ment has quietly begun trying to in- 
timidate foreign journalists who have 
been maintaining radio contact with the 
rebel leader holding the hostages. 

The government’s representative in 
talks with the rebels. Domingo Palermo, 
met Thursday with Yves Claude Llorca, 
the president of the Foreign Press As- 
sociation here. Mr. Palermo, the edu- 
cation minister, warned that several for- 
eign reporters were under investigation 

for “advising an armed group,” but did 
not offer names or evidence, Mr. Llorca 

On Friday night. Miguel Real, a re- 
porter for Worldwide Television News, 
a British news agency, left Lima for 
New York after a news conference in 
which he complained of heavy pressure 
from the government and said he had 
been threatened with arrest. 

Mr. Real broadcast an interview in 
which rebels accused the government of 
tunneling to the residence where the 
hostages are being held. 

Mr. Real said that in the seven years 
he has spent in El Salvador and South 
America, “I’ve never had any involve- 

ment with terrorism.” adding, “The 
only contact I've had with them was as a 

The news of the tunnels, which Per- 
uvian papers reported Friday have been 
under construction since late December 
or early January, has derailed talks be- 
tween the Peruvian government and the 
rebel leader. Nestor Cerpa Cartolini. 

[Two mediators entered the Japanese 
ambassador’s residence on Sunday in 
what appeared to be a resumption of 
indirect contact between the govern- 
ment and Marxist rebels, Reuters re- 

[Mr. Cerpa said earlier, by walkie- 
talkie, that he expected a visit by rae- 

Edward Purcell, U.S. Atomic Physicist, Dies 

The Associated Press 

CAMBRIDGE, Massachusetts — 
Edward Mills Purcell, 84. a physicist 
and Nobel laureate whose discovery of 
nuclear magnetic resonance in 1 945 has 
yielded maps of distant galaxies and 
detailed medical images of tbe human 
body, died Friday in Cambridge. 

Mr. Purcell, a Harvard University 
physicist, shared the 1952 Nobel Prize 
with Felix Blocb of Stanford University 
for their Independent discovery of mag- 
netic fields in atomic nuclei. 

Magnetic resonance imaging, or 
MRI. uses a powerful magnetic field, 
radio waves and computers to map the 
hydrogen in the human body, producing 

detailed, cross-sectional images. 

Nenad Dusan Popovic, 87, 

Tito Economist Who Defected 

NEW YORK (NYT) — Nenad 
Dusan Popovic. 87. an economic expert 
in Tito’s Communist Yugoslavia who 
defected in 1961 to teach and write in 
exile at Syracuse University, died of 
bone cancer Feb. 25 in New York. 

Mr. Popovic was chief of economic 
affairs in the Yugoslav Foreign Ministry 
when he took refuge, and was one of the 

loans and credits for the Yugoslav gov- 
ernment. Once in tbe United States, he 
accepted a professorship at the Maxwell 
School of Citizenship and Public Af- 
fairs at Syracuse. 

Christopher Boatwright, 42. a prin- 
cipal dancer with the Stuttgart Ballet, 
the San Francisco Ballet and the Lines 
Contemporary Ballet, died of AIDS on 
Sunday in San Francisco. 

highest-ranking Yugoslav officials to 
defect to the West. He had planned his 

defect to the West. He had planned his 
defection for years. 

Parr of his mission was to negotiate 

Carson Mark. 83, a Manhattan Pro- 
ject scientist who led the team of phys- 
icists thai developed the hydrogen 
bomb, died March 2 in Los Alamos, 
New Mexico. 

diatots Dying to resume talks, but could 
not say if or when rebels would return to 
the bargaining table.] 

Although it is a life-or-death stand- 
off. the drama involving the rebels hold- 
ing the hostages in the Japanese am- 
bassador's residence has from the start 
been something of an image contest 
between the guerrillas and the govern- 
ment. The government has consistently 
tried to limit publication of the guer- 
rillas' viewpoints. 

The police regularly invited journa- 
lists to film captured members of such 
groups as the Tupac Amaru Revolu- 
tionary Movement, which stormed the 
Japanese ambassador’s residence on 
Dec. 17 and took hostage hundreds of 
guests at a reception. But it is accusing 
journalists who make contact with the 
group now of “advising” them, which 
is punishable under Peruvian law. 

Some foreign journalists have made 
contact with the rebels using citizens 
band radios. The government has also 
bitterly attacked foreign news outlets, 
including The New York Times, that do 
not generally refer to the hostage-takers 
as “terrorists.” 

In January, a Japanese journalist for 
Asahi television was arrested and later 
expelled after sneaking around police 
lines to enter the residence. The Foreign 
Press Association here said the anti- 
terrorism police had put pressure on the 
station to hand over the journalist's 
videotape by threatening to keep the 
station's Peruvian interpreter in jail. 
The reporter and his interpreter were 
held for 10 days, and the interview was 
never broadcast. 



For 1 ^ Life and Acatente £W^»?ce 

Through Convenient Home Study 
(808) 597-1909 EXT. 23 
FAX: (310) 471-6456 
F# Of send detaied resume for 


Embattled Netanyahu 
R unnin g Out of Allies 

Cl* 1 

V ./r/ i^ 0t 

By Barton Gellman 

Washington Post Service 

JERUSALEM — Prime Minister 
Benjamin Netanyahu, who emerged 
from the Hebron agreement in January 
with aspirations of being a consensus 
politician, looks today like a man with- 
out allies, as embattled as any Israeli 
prime minister in memory. 

W ashing ton has displayed irritation 
with his government; die conflict with 
Pal estinians is again on the brink of 
violence, and his cabinet includes old 
antagonists lik e Foreign Minister David 
Le vy and F inan ce Minister Dan Meridor 
and such once-Ioyal lieutenants as Com- 
munications Minister LimorLivnal. with 
whom he is barely on speaking terms. ■ 

With multiple fractures in his coali- 
tion, Mr. Netanyahu’s hold on power is 
the subject of increasing speculation. His 
history as a successful underdog makes 
it foolish to write him off, but party 
activists and foreign diplomats who 
watch him closely say Mr. Netanyahu 
has not been in this tough a root before. 

On the way back from Egypt last 
week, Mr. Netanyahu confided to a jour- 
nalist, Shimon Shiffer. that “there are 
some moments of isolation in my job.” 

That was before eight rightist law- 
makers threatened Friday to abandon 
his parliamentary coalition, enough to 
bring down the government. 

It was before Uzi Landau, a senior 
Likud legislator and former key sup- 
porter, called him a liar, and before his 
Likud predecessor, Yi tzhak Shamir, de- 
manded that he resign. 

It was also before a tense telephone 
conversation with Secretary of State 
Madeleine Albright, in which, accord- 
ing to accounts from both governments, 
be refused her requests to freeze plans 
for a new Jewish neighborhood in East 
Jerusalem and rescind police orders to 
close Palestinian political offices in the 
city's Arab neighborhoods. 

Mr. Netanyahu's assets include a 
public trustworthiness rating of 52 per- 
cent in a poll last week in the newspaper 
Ha’aretz, down from 64 percent in Au- 
gust but still respectable. He has also 
managed to juggle tbe most divisive 
issues of land for peace while com- 
manding strong majorities for each de- 
cision among Israeli Jews. 

But he now is alienated almost com- 
pletely from Israel's political establish- 
ments, including that of his own party. 

So far have tus political fortunes de- 
clined that be invited the opposition 
leader, Shimon Peres, for an unsched- 
uled. and briefly secret, meeting to talk 
aboor a Likud-Labor “national unity” 

siderable experience of interrogations;! 
know that when those under investi- 
gation start blaming each other that 
means the investigation is succeeding, 
and that doesn’t smell good.” he said.- 
Mr. Sharansky's-- party,- -Israel' 
B’Aliyah, controls seven seats in- Mr/ 

Netanyahu's 66-vote coalition, enough _ ■- _ 
rn rfmrive him of a majority in the later." 

to deprive him of a majority in the I20gY£ 
seat Parliament The Third. Way Early* V- 
led by Internal Security Minister Avig- 
dor Kahaiani. controls four. Both are new • . 
parties with clean-government images’- " 
and although bo* are enjoying *eir first . . 
taste of power, they also have some; 
incentive now to be the firat to call ft» 
new elections because of the scandal 

The noisiest at the moment is tfte 
hard-core ideological right, which fefi 1 
betrayed, first by Mr. Netanyahtrt ' _ 
agreement in January to abide by the. 

Oslo peace accords and withdraw from 
most of Hebron, and again last Fridays 
when the cabinet voted to pull bade 
from 9 percent more of the West Bank?. 

“Bibi.” said Infrastructure Minister 
Ariel Sharon, “is a dangerous man for ; „ 
the state of Israel. I do not believe one _ 
word that leaves that man's mouth.” '1- 

: ‘ -til - 

Al ter UN Veto, 
Arabs Urged to 
Ban U.S. Goods 

The Associated Press 

CAIRO — A Saudi-owned newspa-’ 
per urged Arab countries Sunday w 
boycott U.S. products, including; ' ; .. 
weapons, in retaliation for tbe American 
veto of a United Nations resolution crit- 
ical of Israel's plan to build housing 
an Arab sector of Jerusalem. "] _■» 

In addition, Iran's supreme leader.i : t \ j I- K 
Ayatollah Sayed Ali Khamenei, said inj ; A- ^ 
a speech televised throughout the coun-< 
try thai the veto showed America's^ S TOP 1 

“global arrogance.” , ! I V/A _I_ 

A commentary bn the front page of 1 !" “ 
the London-based newspaper A1 Hayat,) . 
which is owned by a member of thei : 

Sau* royal family, said. “Why don’t 1 , . _ _ 
the buying Arab countries agree” not toi j-’ " 

buy “any American weapon for two orj -■ : ; 7 

five years so that the United States real-i J: ‘ ' • " 

izes it cannot humiliate the Arabs?’ ’ j 
“There is a general suggestion to, 
boycott all American goods,” it said. • 
The United States cast the single 1 , 

government. Mr. Netanyahu has raised 
the idea before “as -a ruse.” one close 

the idea before “as -a ruse.” one close 
aide said. “I think'' this time he may 
actually mean it.” 

For the moment, even if he means it, 
the idea seems doomed. A police in- 
vestigation into allegedly corrupt deals 
behind the appointment of a short-lived 
attorney general in January has left the 
government under an ethical cloud. 
Forming a coalition now, said Yitzhak 
Herzog, a Labor Party activist, would be 
"like joining a colony of lepers." 

There is no evidence for toe most 
spectacular of the allegations in the af- 
fair: that two men facing felony charges 
— the Shas party leader, Aryeh Deri, 
and a Likud money man, David Apel — 
tried to install their own candidate for 
attorney general, cut a deal with him to 
gram them pardons or plea bargains, and 
threatened to hand Mr. Netanyahu a 
major political defeat if he did not ap- 
point their man. 

Even if tbe police bring no charges, 
there have been enough untoward dis- 
closures to do lasting damage. There is 
evidence that Mr. Den and Mr. Apel had 

“no” vote Friday against a European-' 
sponsored resolution in the UN Security! 
Council that criticized Israel’s plan forai ' 
Jewish housing project. Har Homa. in* 
East Jerusalem. As one of five per-* 
manent members of the council. Che’ 
United States has veto power. ! 

The Arab League, with headquarters' 
in Cairo, said the veto “contradicts thej 
American president's previous state-i 
ments on this issue and also contradicts] 
previous American positions in toe Se-i 
curity Council which deemed settle-] 
ments illegal and an obstacle to! 
peace.” r 

Ayatollah Khamenei, meanwhile,*) 
spoke Sunday in the southern Iranian! 
town of Abadan. Listeners greeted his] 
words with chants of “Death to Araer-i 


He told the crowd: “This is one of the- 4 _ r ’- 1 

Security Council's rare just resolutions,} : . ~ 

but it is vetoed by the bullying, ignorant- 7. 
and brutal United States. This is what; 
we mean by global arrogance. ” j f • * - 

An Egyptian newspaper. Ai Wafd.: : ' 

said in a front-page commentary that toe 
veto was an invitation to violence. 

In Syria, the state-ran Tishrin news-i u - ;'- 
paper said the veto caused “big Arab] \'l : v . 
and international disappointment and! ; 
will have bad repercussions” in - the- — 

Middle East. Another state-owned paj \ 

per, Al Thawra. said the veto was “un- ^ — 

just and a hostile act toward the , ~~~~~ 

Mabs " -V^yFrniv* 

■ Israel to Proceed onFroject . T — —il: 

The deputy education minister, 

Moshe Peled. told Israeli radio that %.. . 

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyah^ ilf t '' -' n aer v : 
wants bulldozers to begin work on tM] s ': .-; - 
Har Homa project next Sunday, despiff* cOv i 
Palestinian warnings that the project’ ^ 
would provoke bloodshed. Agencfr i -- r ' 

France-Presse reported Sunday. i- r 

advance know ledge and participation in 
the nomination of Roni Bar-On for the 

the nomination of Roni Bar-On for the 
post The justice minister. Tzahi 
Hanegbi. was shown in a leaked cabinet 
transcript to have misrepresented Mr. 
Bar-On's credentials. 

Mr. Netanyahu, after being ques- 
tioned, hired a lawyer who spread word 
that toe Bar-On nomination was Mr. 
Hanegbi 's fault. Mr. Hanegbi. once Mr. 
Netanyahu's closest political operative, 
spread a counterspin that the nomina- 
tion was mainly his boss's idea. 

Trade Minister Natan Sharansky, a 
former Soviet political prisoner, 
showed increasing signs of discomfort 
with the case. “As someone with con- 


Ifc^aer v 


Pacific Western University 

1210 Auahi Street DeoL 23 
Honokjki. HI 968144922 

New U.S. -Brazil Flights 

WASHINGTON CAP) — Continental Air- 
lines and Delta Air Lines won the right to 
begin daily flights to Brazil under a tentative 
decision by the Transportation Department 
Continental will fly from Newark, New Jer- 
sey. to Rio de Janeiro. Delia will fly to Sao 
Paulo from Cincinnati via Atlanta. 

time in a year, federal officials said. 

Charter Grounded Again 

ATLANTA (AP) — AvAtiantic. a charter 
airline based in Savannah. Georgia, has been 
grounded for safety reasons for the second 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will be 
closed or services curtailed in the following 
countries and their dependencies this week 
because of national and religious holidays: 

MONDAY: Au-itralla, Belize, Cyprus. Gibraltar. 
Greece. Russia, Ukraine. 

TUESDAY: Lesotho. 

WEDNESDAY: Liberia. Mauritius, Zambia. 

FRIDAY I Andorra. French Guiana, Liberia. 

SATURDAY 1 Belarus, Hungary, Liberia. 

Sources: JJ 1 . Morgan. Renters. Bt.K-mberg. 


Since 1854 


The only Grand Hotel 
located In the heart of 
Geneva's business 
and shopping center. 
Air conditioned. 

i Current Affairs 

‘Bushman’ Removed 

newsbreaking, the ins and 
outs of current events. 

34, quoi G&ieralGuiavi 
1211 Geneva 3 
Tel.: (+41-22) 318 32 00 
Fto: (+41-22) 318 33 00 


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If you missed his reporting in the 
IHT, look for it on our site on the 
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New York Times Sen ice 
MADRID — A stuffed Af- 
rican. Bushman displayed 
since 1916 in Banyoles, 
Spain, has been removed. 

| Dr. Alphonse Arcelin. a 
Haiti an -bom physician, sued 
the city to nave the body, 
which was dug out of a fresh 
grave in 1830 by I wo French 
explorers and then em- 
balmed, removed. He now- 
wants it taken bark to Africa 
for burial or cremation. 



H 91 








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Forecast lor Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by AccuWeather. 

I UnsoanyiaMy 


MM j 

jeuimom loSol 1 ' 0 " MirJ K 

North America Europe 

Periods ol rain and snow Much oT Europe wtu remain 
wilt continue in the north- In a ralher dry and mild 
weslem United Stales wealher paitem through 

through Wednesday due la Thursday. However, south- 
an upper- level storm oaslent Europe win ba cool 
anchored over western and dump Tuesday, lol- 
B Irtish CofurrSjia. II will be lowed by gradual morwra- 
unseasonably cold across non. A senes ol norms wti 
the Great Lattes and much bring episodes ot wind, 
ol eastern Canada through min ana snow lo much ol 
midweek, but mlhor mta in Scjndbiavia. 
the southern United Slates 


Much at northeastern Asia, 
including Beijing. Seoul 
and Tokyo, will enjoy a 

gradual moderating trend 
through Thursday Howev- 
er. northern Japan should 
stay colder than normal. 
Wet wealher will spread 
into Seoul Wednesday, 
then Tokyo Friday. Mainly 
dry and seasonably warm 
*n Hong Kong. 









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Iril. Br - - 

f A il; Helms Gets Tough 
r Hn Cheraieal Arms 

: • P e Would Block Unmodified Pact 



Floods Carve Heartbreaking Trail 



I t 


Good 5 

By Thomas W.Lippman 

- Wadnnston Post Service 

Clinton administration's ef- 
forts to win Senate approval 
Apr a major treaty aimed at 
parting poison gas warfare 
suffered a new and possibly 
fetal setback when Senate* 
Jesse Helms, the Foreign Re- 
lations Committee chairman 
pledged to block it unless it 
was substantially modified 
*T have given the White 
House a long list of changes 
that must be made in this 
treaty before we agree to Sen- 
ate ratification of it," the 
North Carolina Republican 
s^id in a fiery, sarcastic speech 
to the Conservative Political 
Action Conference Saturday. 
VI promise you this: Unless 
the administration makes the 
modifications I am demand- 
iflg, the treaty will not leave 
tony committee. Period." 
r Previously Mr. Helms had 
said he would not clear the 
treaty, the Chemical Weap- 
ons Convention, out of his 
committee until the Senate 
had completed work on other 
issues he said were more im- 
portant to Republicans, such 
as United Nations reform. 

• The administration has re- 
peatedly said there is no pros- 
pect now of amending the 
treaty, already ratified by 
more than enough countries to 
put it into effect on April 29. 

•_ If Mr. Helms is determined 
to hold out for amendments 

rather than accept the con- 
thJonsoQ implementation the 
a*nimstration is offering to 
resolve Republican reserva- 
tions. there would appear to 
be little if any chance of rat- 
ification by that date. 

The United States was the 
major architect and promoter 
of the treaty, which has long 
had bipartisan support and 
was signed during the Repub- 
lican Bush administration. 

But if the United States has 
not ratified by April 29, it will 
be precluded from participa- 
tion in enforcement and even- 
tually subject to sanctions. 

In an effort to win Senate 
assent, the administration has 
been negotiating with nine 
Republican senators named 
by the majority leader. Trent 
Lott, over a ratification res- 
olution that would assuage 
Republican concerns. 

Mr. Helms, however, en- 
dorsed the views of a growing 
number who have argued that 
the treaty would not block the 
development or deployment 
of chemical weapons, cannot 
be verified and would subject 
U.S. manufacturers to uncon- 
stitutional searches by inter- 
national inspectors. 

“Almost none of the rogue 
nations that pose a chemical 
weapons threat to us, such as 
Iraq. Syria, Libya and North 
Korea, are signatories to the 
treaty," Mr. Helms said. 
"The intelligence communi- 
ty admits that they cannot 
verily the treaty." 

By Don Terry 

New York Times Service 

FALMOUTH, Kentucky 
— If Edna Gallagher had 
come home to a house wife 
broken windows, missing 
porches, caved-in ceilings 
and floors carpeted wall-to- 
wall wife thick mud, as 
dozens of her heartbroken 
neighbors here have, she 
would have been a happy 

She might even have been 
willing to forgive fee Lick- 
ing River eventually for 
jumping its banks and 
drowning this small rural 
town and taking four lives in 
fee worst flooding this area 
has suffered in more than 30 
years. But Mrs. Gallagher 
has no time for forgiveness. 
She is too busy trying to find 
enough remains of her life to 
fill a shopping bag. 

When the authorities fi- 
nally said it was safe enough 
for her and her neighbors ro 
begin cleaning up their 
homes this weekend, the 
trailer she had moved into 
wife her 2-year-old daughter 
and her husband a week be- 
fore the flood was little more 
than kindling wrapped 
around a tree. 

If she had not said feat the 
pile of wood and sheet metal 
flapping in fee wind used to 
be a house, where people sat 
down to dinner and watched 
television and dreamed 
about their child's future, no 
one would have guessed. 

"I pity the people who 
have to clean up all that mud 
in their living rooms, but I 

U Hindu iVmnultil Hmj 

Vice President A1 Gore surveying flood damage. 

just wish I had a living 
room," Mrs. Gallagher said 
as she wandered fee streets 
of Falmouth with her hus- 
band. Brancel, searching for 
their flood-swept belong- 
ings blocks away from 
where their home once 
stood. “We came into town 
a week before fee flood with 
a house full of furniture. 
Now we don't have a towel 
to cry into." 

This town of 2.400 
people, in the Kentucky hills 
on a tributary of fee Ohio 
River about an hour's drive 
south of Cincinnati, was one 
of fee hardest hit along fee 
destructive path of fee Flood 
of 1997. 

Four people, including a 
14-year-old girl, died here in 
the murky . waters, which 
covered the heart of Fal- 
mouth but spared homes on 

fee high ground, like that of 
Pamela Lonaker, who took 
in a friend and her son, her 
parents and her brother. All 
of them had been flooded 

“I have 13 people in my 
bouse." Mrs. Lonaker said 
Saturday as she took pho- 
tographs of her friend's 84- 
foot (25-meter) trailer, 
which had been moved 
nearly a block by the flood 
waters. "Everything we 
needed was right here in fee 
middle of town. Now we 
can't get groceries unless we 
drive out of Falmouth.” 

Hundreds of residents 
were moved into the high 
school gym. where they are 
sleeping on cots. 

The four fatalities here 
were among 29 deaths from 
fee flooding in West Vir- 
ginia. Ohio. Indiana. Ten- 
nessee and Kentucky. The 
latest victim was a man who 
had refused to evacuate in 
West Point. Kentucky, an 
Ohio River town down- 
stream from Louisville. 

In Louisville, where fee 
Ohio River was expected to 
crest throughout fee week- 
end. flood walls and other 
defenses held sparing the 
downtown. Other communi- 
ties along fee river were in- 
undated, however, and with 
more rain expected on 
Sunday, river towns in west- 
ern Kentucky were bracing 
for more high water. 

The floods have left tens 
of thousands of people 
homeless in fee five states 
and caused hundreds of mil- 
lions of dollars in damage. 


A Fund-Raising Puzzle 

WASHINGTON — - Senate Republicans raised as 
many questions as they answered when they moved to end 
fee noisy dispute over an inquiry into fund-raising abuses 
by including congressional campaigns while excluding 
anything bur “illegal activities" in last year’s elections. 

The Republicans "came up with a solution for the 
moment, but they've created a battleground" for fee 
duration of the investigation, said Fred Wertheimer, a 
former president of Common Cause. 

As approved Thursday by fee Senate Rules and Ad- 
ministration Committee on a party -line vore, the new plan 
would spend S4.35 million "for the sole purpose of 
conducting an investigation of illegal activities in con- 
nection with fee 1 996 "federal election campaigns." The 
inquiry would be concluded by Dec. 31 . with a report to 
follow within a month. The rules committee would look 
into “legal" activities as part of its work on campaign 
finance legislation. (WP) 

Attack Ads Anonymous 

WASHINGTON — Campaign watchdog groups and 
government regulators are concerned about fee emer- 
gence of mysrerious organizations that paid for a flurry of 
attack ads at the end fee 1996 election and could play an 
even larger role in coming campaigns. 

The groups, with such bland names as Citizens for 
Reform and fee Republic Education Fund, spent millions 
of dollars on television advertising, mailings and tele- 
phone banks in the closing weeks of the campaign, mostly 
on the side of the Republicans. None of their activities 
were reported to the Federal Election Commission. 

"The public has no idea who these people are or where 
they’re coming from or who funds them." said Charles 
Lewis, executive director of the Center for Public In- 
tegrity. which monitors political ethics. “They are trying 
to influence fee political process and fee public is in fee 
dark." (WP) 


President Bill Clinton, responding to a question at his 
news conference asking what he could do about fee threat 
to unity caused by fee belief of many Americans feat fee 
United Nations is taking over laige parts of fee country 
and threatening American sovereignty: " I don't know, 
because the people who believe feat think I'm fee prob- 
lem.” (API 



Endangered: Sierra’s Bighorns 

Bighorn sheep, once abundant in Cali- 
. forma’s Sierra Nevada, with more than a 
dozen big herds roaming the range’s steep 
and rocky eastern slope, are on fee brink of 
elimination there. As of last summer, only 
150 of the sturdy animals were left 

Their chief scourge: an enlarged moun- 
tain lion population. State bounties on 
.. mountain lions were ended in the 1960s, 
and a 1990 ballot initiative made it illegal to 
..kill diem except in extreme situations. 
-Even some humans havccome under attack 
.as the lions move lower in search of food. 

Bighorn sheep had suffered before at the 
hands of predators. A restaurant menu from 
.Ian 1 800s Sierra mining camp listed bighorn 
as a dinner item, fee Los Angeles Times 
recounts. Diseases transmitted by domestic 
sheep were even more devastating. 

But before the rise of mountain lions, a 
state program to establish new herds had 
been largely successful, bringing the total 

■ ^number of bighorns to 310. 

:Short Takes 

Boston, a city rich in history , has come 
under sharp criticism for failing to prop- 
* eiiy preserve and showcase its archives. 
'Letters by John Hancock, that flamboyant 
signer of fee Declaration of Independence, 
'linger in dingy and inadequate storage sites 
along wife minutes from fee first Boston 
-Town Council meetings, held in 1630. "For 
- 'a city this size and wife its history, this is 
shocking,"" stud Megan Sniffin-Marinoff, a 
'library expert. She is part of a mayoral 

■ committee appointed in 1989 after neglected 
citv records — including original J9fe cen- 
tury Boston street maps and letters from Paul 

Revere, he of the famous Midnight Ride — 
were found in school basements and agency 
closets. An elementary school building was 
since messed into service, a slight improve- 
ment Bur archive advocates want a proper, 
climate-controlled site, perhaps along the 
city’s Freedom Trail. “What exists in die 
archives not only tells the story of Boston, 
but of America, said the city cleric, Rosaria 
Salerno, who oversees fee archives. "Noth- 
ing would be more appropriate than putting 
these treasures in a place of honor.” 

Francis Gary Powers Jr M son of the 
U.S. pilot whose spy plane was shot down 
over fee Soviet Union in 1960, sparking a 
superpower crisis, is trying to establish a 
permanent museum to fee Cold War. The 
younger Powers has mounted an exhibit, 
now showing at CIA headquarters in 
Langley, Virginia, of his father's memen- 
tos and spy memorabilia. This, he said, 
could provide the core for a museum to 
include exhibits on fee Cuban missile 
crisis, fee space race and the Berlin Wall 

The older Powers was taking pictures of 
Soviet missile installations when his U-2 
plane was downed on May 1, 1960. The 
resultant crisis caused fee cancellation of a 
U.S. -Soviet summit meeting. Powers, who 
was freed two years later in an exchange for 
fee Soviet spy Rudolf Abel, died in 1977 
when a helicopter he was flying crashed. 

How much difference does a good uni- 
versity make? A huge one, according to a 
newly completed survey by BaukBoston, 
which studied the worldwide impact of 
graduates of the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. As of 1994, fee study found, 
MTT graduates or faculty had founded 
4.000 companies, which employed 1 . 1 mil- 
lion people and generated $232 billion in 
world sales. If the MIT-related companies 
were a separate nation, fee bank report said, 
its national economy would rank 24th in the 

International Herald Tribune 

In 1996, LS invested over USS9 bit Lion to grow its business. 

. Away From 
^Politics ~ 

•.The rap singer Notorious 
B.I.G. was gunned down as 
he left a party in Los Angeles, 
becoming the second high- 
profile gangsta rap artist slain 
fee -ust six months. The 
rapper, whose real name was 
Christopher Wallace, 24, was 
attending a party at fee 
Petersen Automotive Mu- 
seum in celebration of the 
life Animal Soul Train Mu- 
sie Awards. In September, fee 
rapper Tupac Shakur was 
shot in a drive-by attack m 
Las Vegas. 

• The number of fake bomb 
threats has soared over me 
Jast year in Atlanta, which 
\dio has been hit by four 

bomb blasts feat included the 
deadly in Olympic 

Park during fee 1996 Summer 
Games. The police recorded 
17 phony bomb threats in 
January 1996, and 1 1 in Feb- 
ruary. This year, there were 
53 in January and 59 in Feb- 
ruary, fee police said. (AP) 

• A British babysitter who 
worked for a Massachusetts 
couple has pleaded not guilty 
to first-degree murder 
charges in Cambridge in the 
ftf-arh of a 9-month boy in her 
care last month. An autopsy 
showed that the infant, Mat- 
thew Eappen of Newton, 
Massachusetts, had died of a 
two-inch fracture to the back 
of his head, probably caused 
by being thrown or struck. 
The prosecutors also said feat | 
fee nanny, Louise Wood - 1 

ward, 19, had shaken the baby | 

Living in the U.S.? 

i Now prints in New York 
for same day 

delivery in key cities. 

To subscribe, 

1 - 800-882 2884 

(in New York, caD 212-752-3890) 

until his " brain hemor- 
rhaged. (AP) 

• A former employee of 
Outlaw Biker magazine was 
awarded $19,000 by a jury 
feat found feat fee owner- 
publisher had sexually har- 
assed her. Teresa Ortiz, 36, 
said she was cinched, 
fondled, hugged ana kissed 
against her wishes by Casey 
Extnn. the publisher, whose 
real name is Harvey Shapiro. 
Exton, of Cherry Hill, New 
Jersey, called the sexual har- 
assment charges an attempt at 
extortion, though he freely 
acknowledged that "slang, 
sexuality, profanity aim 
partying are rampant” in his 
offices. (AP) 

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China Offers a Reward 

For Beijing Bombers 

Uighur Nationalists Take Responsibility 


BEIJING — China said Sunday that 
“criminal elements” were responsible 
for a bomb that exploded on bus during 
rush hour on a Beijing street, and offered 
a reward for help in solving the case. 

Exiled Uighur separatists took re- 
sponsibility for the blast, and vowed to 
carry out more attacks until they had 
gained “complete freedom” for the far 
western region of Xinjiang. 

Local Beijing newspapers said in a 
brief but prominent announcement that 
“criminal elements had used a 
homemade explosive device” in the at- 
tack Friday. 

The bomb went off on a No. 22 bus in 
Beijing’s western Xidan district during 
the evening rush hour. China's state- 
controlled new media reported that no 
one died in the bombing, but sources 
said it killed at least two people and 
wounded 30. 

The semiofficial China News Service 
quoted Mayor Jia Qingling as saying 
that another smaller bomb went off 
earlier last week elsewhere in the 
Chinese capital and that no one was hurt 
in the incident. 

The Beijing blasts followed a string 
of bus bombings in Urumqi, capital of 
the restive Muslim region of Xinjiang. 

Exiled ethnic Uighurs, who want to 
set up an independent state of “East 
Turkestan” in Xinjiang, took respon- 
sibility for those attacks, which killed 
nine people and wounded 74. 

Taiwan's state-run Central News 
Agency, in a report quoting the Turkey - 
based Organization for Turkestan Free- 
dom, said the bus explosion was “the 
only way for the Xinjiang Uighur 
people to take revenge ag ains t Com- 

munist China's oppression.” 

Uighur nationalists, encouraged by 
the autonomy of the Asian republics of 
the former Soviet Union, are resisting 
attempts by Beijing to dilute Uighur 
influence by flooding Xinjiang with 
Han Chinese, the country's dominant 


Over the last year, sporadic rioting by 
separatist-minded Muslims has been re- 
ported in the region. 

China's national media have ignored 
the bombings in Beijing and Xinjiang. 

On Sunday, however, local Beijing 
newspapers published a police notice 

calling on the public, and passengers on 
the No. 22 bus in particular, to come 

the No. 22 bus in particular, to come 
forward with any information that could 
aid the investigation. 

“Those who provide important in- 
formation will be given a substantial 
reward.” the notice said. 

The police were unwilling to go be- 
yond the brief official statements. “We 
cannot offer any details of progress in 
the case.” an official said. 

The news reports made no mention of 
a motive. 

Three bombs blew up within minutes 
of each other on Feb. 25 in Urumqi in 
attacks apparently timed to coincide 
with memorial rites in Beijing for Deng 
Xiaoping. China's paramount leader, 
who died Feb. 19. 

Taxi drivers in Beijing said their em- 
ployers warned them last week not to 
give rides to any suspicious-looking 
people from Xinjiang and to be es- 
pecially cautious in areas where many 
Uighur migrants live. 

Other sources said that a bomb wam- 

Korean Labor Group 
Faults Revised Bill 

SEOUL — South Korea's out- 
lawed union organization on Sunday 
denounced a new version of a labor 
law tha t is scheduled to be submitted 
to Parliament on Monday, and vowed 
further industrial action if it were 

The Korean Confederation of 
Trade Unions said it would fight the 
law's passage, even though the re- 
vised mil would delay for two years a 
clause that allows companies to lay 
off workers, a provision that sparked 
worker fury. 

“There's not much difference be- 
tween the original bill and the new 
one,” said a senior confederation of- 
ficial Chung Sung-hee. “We will 
launch campaigns to disobey clauses 
that we think are inappropriate. And 
we will continue labor action until 
Parliament comes up with a more 
acceptable bill." ( Reuters ) 

world, many, many camps, and I 
think it is not bad here," she said: 
“People- are free to earn money, 
which is an enormous advantage.’ ’ 
Ms. Ogata arrived in Hong Kong 
on Sunday for a three-day mission to 
assess the plight of the- tenttory ’s 
Vietnamese refugees. (Reuters} 

it J^ a 

Cease-Fire Extended - 
By Philippines Again 

UN Seeks Action 

On ‘Boat People’ 

MANILA — The Philippines has - J, 
extended for another 30 days a uni- \ ~V 
lateral cease-fire with rebels to help . 
peace talks that are due to resume this - 
week in the Netherlands, the gov- 
eminent said Sunday. 

Defense Secretary Renato de Villa . 
said the extension was part of “con- v 
fidence-buflding measures" to help 
ensure the success of the talks between . 

Ae government and the communist- ~ 
led National Democratic From. The . 
negotiations are aimed at ending a 28- ■* 
year insurgency . 

Manila first declared a 60-day 
cease-fire in December and extended 
it for an additional 30 days last 
month. (Reuters ) : 

Rofyn BecfciAgcncc Fnacc-ftme 

A No. 22 bus making its way through the crowded Xidan market 
neighborhood in Beijing, where a similar bus was bombed on Friday. 

ing had been telephoned to the Beijing 
police before the explosion, but added 

that the caller had named another area in shopping district, then passes the 
the capital. Zhongnanhai compound of China's rul- 

The Beijing bus that was bombed ing elite and Tiananmen Square, both of 
Friday snakes its way through the Xidan them symbols of Communist rule. 

HONG KONG — The head of the 
United Nations refugee agency 
called Sunday for the resettlement of 
Vietnamese "boat people” to be 
speeded up. 

“I think we have to accelerate 
resettlement for those refugees that 
have been screened, and this is an 
appeal I will make to donors," said 
Sadako Ogata after a visit to Hong 
Kong's Pillar Point refugee camp. 

Ms. Ogata said living conditions 
of the Vietnamese refuges in Hong 
Kong camps were not as bad, 
however, as those of displaced 
people in other parts of the world. 

“I’ve seen camps all over the 

Jailed Labor Chief 
In Jakarta Hospital 

JAKARTA — Muchtar Pakpahan, 
the jailed chief of the Indonesian Labor 
Welfare Union who is on (rial for sub- 
version, has been admitted to a private 
hospital in Jakarta, family members and 
a union official said Sunday. 

“He has been admitted to die 
Cikini hospital in a serious condi- 
tion," an official from the unrecog- 
nized union said. Family members 
confirmed that Mr. Pakpahan had 
been admitted on Saturday, suffering 
from vertigo. (Reuters) 


this We< 




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MEXICO CITY — The owner of a 
department store in the provincial cap- 
ital of Culiacan was driving to work one 
morning last September when three un- 
marked sedans without license plates 

■ surrounded his car. 

As passers-by watched in Terror, four 
men with assault rifles hauled the man, 
- Romulo Rico Urrea, from his car, forced 

■ him into one of theirs and sped away. 

Mr. Rico has not been seen since 
' Sept. 25, 1 996. But a notebook dropped 
in his car by one of the kidnappers, as 
well as evidence gathered by military 
investigators, links the abduction to 
General Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo, the 
former head of Mexico's anti-drug 
' agency, who was arrested last month on 
charges of collaborating with one of the 
country's powerful cocaine barons. 

Mr. Rico is one of at least 5 1 Mexicans 
1 who have disappeared in the last three 
years after kidnappings in which there 
were signs of government security force 
involvement, according to lists compiled 
by relatives, human rights organizations 
and the press. Now, evidence is emerg- 
ing to tie many of these abductions to the 
war against powerful drug traffickers, 
which has increasingly been under the 
command of Mexico's military. 

"We are everyday citizens under at- 
tack, caught in the crossfire between 
narcos, authorities and narco-authorit- 
ies.” said Lucia Solis de Jurado, whose 
husband, a semiprecious-stone trader 
from the border city of Ciudad Juarez, 
was seized on the front step of his home 
on Ocl 6. 1996. “It has gotten to the 
point where it can happen to anyone.” 

Most of the victims have no proven ties 
to drug traffickers or other criminal activ- 
ities, relatives and human-rights leadens 
contend, although a number have had 
brushes with the authorities. 

"They rend to be businessmen, stu- 
dents and other citizens who were going 
about their lives,” said Oscar Loza of 
the Commission for the Defense of Hu- 
man Rights in the state of Sinaloa, where 
at least nine people have disappeared. 

Mexico's military has traditionally 
played a supporting role in the drag 
trafficking fight, mainly eradicating 
crops. Shortly after he took office in 
1994, President Ernesto Zedillo, facing 
widespread corruption in the state and 
federal police, began to place militaty 
officers and troops in key positions in 
the battle against the drug cartels. 

General Gutierrez was named Mex- 
ico's chief anti-drug official in Decem- 
ber 1996, and army officers were given 
command of state and municipal police 
forces in Sinaloa. Last week, the army 
took over narcotics operations in the 
border slate of Baja California. 

Since the arrest of General Gutierrez, 
a number of families of missing Mex- 
icans have come forward after months 
and even years of silence. The number 
of known victims is growing. 

There is evidence that in addition to 
Mr. Rico, five men who disappeared 
since last September in northern Mexico 
were abducted in operations com- 
manded by General Gutierrez and car- 
ried out by his deputies during his two- 
month tenure as bead of the national 
drug agency or before that, when he was 
the senior commander of the fifth Mil- 
itary Region in central Mexico. 

Gutierrez's ascent to the highest po- 
sition in Mexico’s war on drugs, and 
about Mr. Zedillo’s moves to expand the 
role of the armed forces in me anti- 

narcotics campaign. 

Several months before. Defense Min- 
ister Enrique Cervantes Aguirre recom- 

‘We arc citizens caught in 
the crossfire between 
narcos, authorities and 
narco-anthorides. 9 

mended General Gutierrez to the pres- 
ident for the top anti -drug job, the Mex- 
ican military had substantial evidence 
implicating the general's two closest 
aides in the kidnapping of Mr. Rico. 
Both aides were arrested with their com- 
mander on drag charges on Feb. 18. 

The kidnapping allegations appar- 
ently never reached the highest levels. 
Mr. Cervantes acknowledged that 
□either he nor Mr. Zedillo had had any 
doubts about General Gutierrez until 
about two weeks before his arrest 

Mr. Rico's relatives believe he came 
under suspicion of drug trafficking be- 
cause Miguel Angel Rico Urrea, his 
brother, was falsely accused on drug 
charges in 1992 and served prison rime 
before he was cleared. A judge ordered 
his release, but the day he was to leave 
prison he was murdered. 

On Sept. 16, 1996, soldiers in Culi- 

acan swarmed into the home of Enrique 
Rico, another brother. The raid, con- 
ducted without a warrant, was led by a 
brash officer who identified himself 
with a name that later proved to be false. 
Romulo Rico was seized nine days later. 
At first, federal agents told his relatives 
he was in custody at their headquarters. 
A day later the same agents denied that 
they had ever seen him, relatives said. 

In recent days, a half-dozen northern 
Mexican families, with nine disap- 
peared relatives among them, have held 
meetings in the cramped Mexico City 
apartment where Romulo Rico's wife 
and children have taken refuge. They 
found one another through human-rights 
organizations they had approached after 
General Gutierrez’s arrest. 

Human-rights activists who helped 
them have received death threats, ap- 
parently to stop their publicizing disr**\ 
appearance cases. J 

Mrs. Jurado and her family have be- 
come outraged about die official re- 
sponse to their search for her husband, 
Ruben Guillermo Jurado, 39. A senior 
official of Chihuahua state, where the 
Jurados live, confirmed that Mr. Jurado 
had been seized by armed men wearing 
federal drug police uniforms. 

Nevertheless the official, who insisted 
on anonymity, said investigators be- 
lieved Mr. Jurado might have been kid- 
napped by traffickers, because of “nar- 
cotics-related wrapping materials” in his 
home. The Jurados say the police never 
searched his residence or workshop. 


Abidjan Bans Trade 
In Ivory Products 

cosur customs union. He plans to 
visit those countries starting Tues- 
day, as well as Bolivia. (Reuters) 

ABIDJAN. Ivory Coast — Ivory 
Coast has decided to ban trade in the 
product that gave the West African 
country its name in order to protect 
the elephant. 

President Henri Konan-Bedie 
signed a decree banning trade in 
ivory, strictly regulating its import- 
ation and exportation and ordering 
the nationwide collection and item- 
izing of ivory products. 

Ivory Coast signed the Convention 
on International Trade in En- 
dangered Species, but ivory products 
are freely sold in many markets 
across the country. 

The country's elephant population 
has over recent decades been drastic- 
ally reduced by hunting, poaching 
and deforestation, and now numbers 
around 2,000. {AFP) 

U.S. Drug Agents 
Arrest Haitian 

Chirac Praises Ties 
With Latin America 

is lontoig to a parMme Engfeti taseherf 
gmemess tram 4:PM to Ml Referenc- 
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KntMtedge of French required. 

Mg 422 Rue Sakd Horare 
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towtiment banters 
16311 Ventura BM, Suite 988 
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Fax No: (8181 905-1688 
TeL (818) 7SWM22 

See Page 7 

PARIS — President Jacques Chir- 
ac of France said Sunday on the eve 
of a tour of Latin America that the 
continent's economic future lay not 
in ties with with United States but 
with Europe. 

“Latin America understands per- 
fectly thar it is not in its interest to 
lock itself into exclusive regional in- 
tegration,” Mr. Chirac said in a radio 

He pointed out that the European 
Union was the main trading partner, 
the biggest investor and the most 
generous developme-nt-aid donor for 
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Ur- 
uguay, the four members of the Mer- 

MIAMI — Lieutenant Colonel 
Joseph Michel Francois, the exiled 
police chief of Haiti’s capital, has 
been arrested by U.S. drug enforce- 
ment agents in Honduras and charged 
with importing 33 tons of cocaine 
and heroin to the United States. 

Colonel Francois, who was the 
No. 3 man in the military government 
that ran Haiti from 1 991 to 1 994, used 
the military and political institutions, 
airports and seaports of Haiti to run a 
drug trafficking network for Colom- 
bian cartels for nine- years, the in- 
dictment says. For his part in the plot, 
he received millions of dollars in U.S. 
currency, federal officials charge. 

Colonel Francois led the 1991 
coup that toppled Haiti’s elected 
president. Jean-Bertrand Aristide, 
then turned over the reins of gov- 
ernment to Lieutenant General Raoul 
Cedras. (WP) 

Si ngapore Soldiers 
Killed l in Accident 

WELLINGTON — Two Singapor- 
ean soldiers were killed, and 12 sol- 
diers were wounded Sunday when an 
artiUery shell exploded prematurely 
during a training exercise in New Zea- 
land, an army spokesman said. 

It was the second fatal accident in 
just over two weeks involving Singa- 
porean soldiers training in New Zea- 
land. One of the wounded was a New 
Zealander. (Reuters) 

i mi jr m b - — 

.i. r y 

\ ; ___ .. 

i r ni;i ’»r Chief 

,aktirtu pah ti 

EU Leaders Back Dash 
To Finish Reform Talks 

I \ 

I ft !£«-' 

VI » j ;i * » *; = ■ S'utif'G? 

"By Tom Buerkle 

ltuerna *wnal Herald Trihun * 

BRUSSELS -- European Union lead- 
ers have decided to make a concert^ 
push to revive the year-old in 
emmental conference on EU reforfo io 
agree chi changes in the Union’s gov- 
.errung Duties and institutions by W 

rSE-P' ° utl - ilied at a "feting of 
Chrwnan Democranc leaders here last 

Knhfrlfr mduded £ hanCe,Ior Helmut 
Kohl of Germany, reflects a willingness 

among many European leaders to accept 
modest reforms rather than prolong ne- 
gotiations and risk interfering with mon- 
etary union and other impending events 
TTie new drive is led by Germany and 
France, which continue to place top pri- 
ority on the plan for monetary union in 
1999 and are making feverish efforts to 
meet the economic criteria for it by the 
year-end, senior European officials said. 

"I don t think any heads of gov- 
ernment would risk a crisis over the 
conference because of the potential im- 
pact on the single currency," a national 
negotiator said. 

In addition, France is eager to prevent 
EU reform from becoming an issue in 

The EU 
This Week: 

Iiuemaiional Herald Tribune 

Significant events in the Euro- 
pean Union this week: 

• National negotiators to the in- 
tergovernmental conference on EU 
reform meet in Brussels on Monday 
and Tuesday to consider French- 
German proposals for strengthen- 
ing the bloc’s voice in foreign af- 
fairs, including closer links with the 
Western European Union, the 
fledgling EU defense organization. 

• The European Parliament 
plans to debate Renault ’s closure of 
its plant in Vilvoorde, Belgium, at 
its plenary session in Strasbourg on 

• The European Commission is 
expected to debate proposals for 
adopting EU-wide limits on own- 
ership of newspapers, radio and 
television stations and other media 
at its weekly meeting in Strasbourg 
on Wednesday. 

•EU foreign ministers review 
enlargement and relations with 
Turkey at their semiannual inform- 
al meeting in Apeldoorn, the Neth- 
erlands. on Saturday and Sunday. 



parliamentary elections scheduled for 
about a year from now. officials said. 

The difficulty of achieving a con- 
sensus on reform proposals in the past 
year of talks and a growing perception 
that Tony Blair would prove only 
slightly more friendly to EU integration 
than John Major if he became prime 
minister of Britain in elections due by 
May also argue for cutting a deal in June 
rather than delaying, EU officials said. 

The pragmatic line is reflected clearly 
by the Dutch government, which in Janu- 
ary emphasized the need for ambitious 
reform but now puts increasing weight on 
finishing the talks by the target dates of 
June 16-17, when EU leaders are to hold 
a summit meeting in Amsterdam. 

"Once you let it slip," a Dutch official 
said, “the fear is that we will not be able 
to let it slip just three months. What will 
change in the meantime? Nothing." 

Outlines of the reform package have 
come into clearer focus in recent weeks, 
led by greater cooperation among EU 
countries in the areas on law enforce- 
ment and internal affairs and the in- 
troduction of a “flexibility" principle 
thar would allow some countries to adopt 
common policies without being held 
back by their more reluctant partners. 

Mr. Kohl has made it clear that Ger- 
man ratification of the reforms would 
require measures to enhance internal se- 
curity, including closer cooperation to 
fight international crime and cope with 
immigration. President Jacques Chirac 
of France, who last year angered EU 
partners by delaying plans to Uft border 
controls, has signaled in recent weeks a 
willingness to cooperate in those areas. 

Dutch officials say they have over- 
come British hesitation about security 
issues by proposing to exclude Britain 
and Ireland from a border-free zone of 
Continental EU members. 

The package still faces significant 
hurdles. EU officials say that despite the 
political push for closer judicial and po- 
lice cooperation, many countries, led by 
France, remain ambivalent about how to 
organize ii. including the role of such EU 
institutions as the European Commission 
and die European Court of Justice. Still, 
negotiators have begun final talks on such 
viral issues as voting weights and national 
representation in EU institutions. 

“The real negotiations have just be- 
gun.” said Jacques Santer, the commis- 
sion's president He and other top Chris- 
tian Democrats agreed last week to meet 
May 21 and June 10, ahead of the summit 
meeting, to try to conclude talks. 

“We’ie convinced that we will be able 
to come to a satisfactory conclusion ai 
Amsterdam,” Wilftied Martens, the Chris- 
tian Democratic group chairman, said. 

MfdBri Urtooflleum 

i COAL STRIKE — German miners meeting near Gelsenkirchen on Sunday. Oskar Lafontaine, the Social 
Democratic leader, called off talks on tax reform with the government to protest cuts in coal subsidies. 

Ireland Renews Debate on Abortion 

By James F. Clarity 

Nm York Timex Senth e 

DUBLIN — A new national debate 
about abortion has broken out in this 
overwhelmingly Roman Catholic coun- 
try. where abortions may be legal only 
in cases where a woman's life is en- 
dangered by a pregnancy. 

The debate, stimulated by a published 
report that an illegal abortion had been 
performed in Dublin two years ago. has 
prompted widespread calls for a new 
national referendum on the issue and for 
legislation to redefine legal and illegal 
abortion. Current law. set by a Supreme 
Court decision in 1992. allows for abor- 
tion only in cases in which a pregnant 
woman's life is threatened, but not where 
her health is endangered, nor in cases of 
rape or incest 

The abortion issue, which divided the 
country five years ago during a ref- 
erendum campaign, now appears likely 
to do the same during the campaign 
before national parliamentary elections, 
which must be held by next January bur 
are expected sooner, probably in June. 

The debate was revived after The Irish 
Times reported Feb. 28 chat a woman 
who said she had had an illegal abortion 
at a Dublin family planning clinic was 

now charging the clinic with a crime. 

After medical complications de- 
veloped, the report said, she decided to 
go to the police. The Dublin police have 
confirmed that they arrested and ques- 
tioned one of the clinic's doctors, and that 
a file has been forwarded to the De- 
partment of Public Prosecutions for pos- 
sible action. The identities of the woman 
and the doctor have not been disclosed, 
and there were no further details. 

The case has prompted calls from anti- 
abortion groups, like the Pro-Life Cam- 
paign. the country's principal group, for 
a national referendum calling for a cat- 
egorical constitutional ban on abortion. 

Opposition political leaders have also 
called fora referendum, or for legislation 
to redefine legal and iUegal abortion. 

Prime Minister John Bruton said he 
had no intention of introducing a ref- 
erendum or abortion legislation this 
year. Mr. Bruton's justice minister. 
Nora Owen, said: “I don’t believe we 
need another referendum, and I don't 
think the government thinks we need 
another referendum. 1 would hope there 
would not be a rerun of the kind of 
intemperate debate we've had over the 
last number of years." 

But John 0‘Donoghue. the spokes- 
man on justice for the chief opposition 

party. Fianna Fail, said the issue was “in 
the center stage of Irish life again." 

The Fianna Fail leader, Bertie Ahem, 
who is campaigning to replace Mr. 
Bruton as prime minister, confirmed 
that the party was discussing a new 

The abortion issue last raged in Ire- 
land in 1992, after a 14-year-old girl 
said she had been made pregnant by the 
father of a friend. At first, the gov- 
ernment forbade her to have an abortion 
in Britain. Later, the Supreme Court in 
Dublin ruled in her favor, and she went 
to Britain and had the procedure. 

In November 1992, voters approved 
government-proposed constitutional 
changes that gave women the right to 
travel abroad for abortions. At least 5,000 
Irish women go to Britain each year for 
abortions. The voters also approved die 
right to distribute information about 
abortion and foreign abortion clinics. 

But the voters rejected a change in the 
constitution that would have confirmed 
the earlier Supreme Court decision, 
which made abortion legal if the wo- 
man’s life was threatened. Anti-abor- 
tion groups and the Catholic hierarchy 
said the proposal went too far. Women’s 
groups in favor of liberalization said it 
did not go far enough. 



Belgrade Rally 
Marks Riot Date 

BELGRADE — Serbian oppo- 
sition supporters held a huge rally 
in Belgrade on Sunday to com- 
memorate the anniversary of pro- 
democracy riots six years ago. 

“A lot has happened in these six 
- years, but one thing remains the 
same: Serbia is still aL a crossroads 
— either we opt for progress or 
continued life with those we’ve 
been saddled with for the past 50 
years," Zoran Djindjic. an oppo- 
sition leader and Belgrade mayor, 
told about 30.000 supporters. 

Mr. Djindjic. Vuk Draskovic and 
Vesna Pesic led the Zajedno co- 
alition campaign for three months 
of daily protests against election 
fraud in the biggest challenge yet to 
President Slobodan Milosevic’s 
rule. (Reuters) 

Franco Ignored 
U.S. Gold Request 

MADRID — Franco ignored a 
U.S. request seven months before 
the end of World War n to help 
locate gold stolen by the Nazis, the 
daily El Pais reported on Sunday. 

Citing documents found in the 
Foreign Affairs Ministry, El Pais 
said the United States sent Spain a 
letter in November 1944 asking for 
its cooperation in locating the 
plundered gold. 

But for reasons given only as 
“political circumstances," the letter 
was ignored. This, wrote El Pais, 
“shows once again that the dictat- 
or’s government was betting on the 
possibility of a Nazi victory.” (API 

NATO Chief Starts 
Central Asia Tour 

ALMATY, Kazakstan — 
NATO’ secretary-general, Javier 
Solana Madariaga, on a diplomatic 
blitz ahead of the alliance's plans to 
expand eastward this summer, is 
starting a tour of former Soviet re- 
publics in Central Asia on Monday. 

His weeklong tour of Kazakstan, 
Kyrgyzstan. Uzbekistan and Turk- 
menistan will start in Almaty after a 
brief visit to Moscow on Sunday. 

Officials said Mr. Solana would 
discuss the involvement of the four 
republics in NATO’s “Partnership 
for Peace” program, which plans 
10 days of joint peacekeeping ex- 
ercises in September in Kazakstan 
and Uzbekistan. (Reuters) 

The onHy thing comparable about 

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Awaiting Fall of a Zairian City 

Some Say Mobutu Would Re Forced to Sue for Peace 

By Stephen Buckley 

Washington Post Service 

NAIROBI — If Kisangani, Zaire’s 
third -largest city, falls to rebels in the 
next few days, as appears likely, Zaire’s 
four and a half month uprising will prob- 
ably be over. 

For Kisangani, an economic hub in a 
strategic location, is also the base of the 
government's campaign to bait the on- 
slaught of the rebels, who have corralled 
a 1 ,400- kilometer swath of territory 
since last October. 

Some analysts say they fear that the 
conflict could split this already fractured 
country further, leading to years of polit- 
ical anarchy and creating a refugee crisis 
for the nine countries on the former 

American Conference on Zaire, abody 
of Zairian intellectuals who live in the 
United States and Canada. "All they 
would have to do is wait until Mobutu 
decided to get serious about negoti- 

The government has concentrated 
most of its few hundred mercenaries 
around Kisangani, sent military aircraft 
on bombing missions from the city and 
stockpiled hundreds of tons of ammuni- 
tion at its airport. 

"If the rebels take Kisangani, the 
morale of the Zairian Army would be 

economically important than the diamond 
and gold mines surrounding it. 

The rebels, who have said they aim to 
capture Kinshasa, the capital, and over- 
throw Marshal Mobutu, began pushing 
toward Kisangani in December. 

Since' then, the insurgents, known as 
the Alliance of Democratic Forces for 
Liberation of the Congo (Zaire), have 

eased their way to the city by over- 
w helming several towns and with stand - 

whelming several towns and with stand - 
ingnumerous air strikes. 

The city eagerly awaits them. In re- 
cent days, thousands of people have 

extremely low," Mr. Kapanga said. "If scrambled to escape government sol- 


Belgian colony's borders. 

The rebels' taking of Kisangani could 
have huge repercussions in Kinshasa, 
the capital. Some political analysts pre- 
dict that a government defeat in Kisan- 
gani would ignite a political brawl 
among those hoping to succeed the ail- 
ing President Mobutu Sese Seko. 

"The regime would be completely 
destabilized," one senior diplomat said. 
"It’s going to be cbaos. People will be 
fighting each other to position them- 
selves to take over." 

Others predict that the rebels would 
slow their pace after the fall of Kisangani 
and wait for the government to negotiate 
with the alliance. Kinshasa has em- 
braced a UN-sponsored cease-fire plan, 
but thus far has rejected direct talks with 
the rebels. 

Analysts say the fall of Kisangani 

where else would they 

the base of their counteroffensive fails, diers — known for ransacking cities and 
— - ravaging residents before leaving a lost 

NEWS ANALYSIS tanleground. 

— Kisangani has long been a center of 

lere else would they resist the anti-government views. In the 1950s, 

jels?" Patrice Lumumba forged a base for his ^ 

Kisangani, with 350,000 residents, anti-colonialist political party there be- PARIS MARCH — Demonstrators clogging a Paris street Sunday to protest toe government S munigranon law. 

fed H AMVgnr Fnnrt^lW 

holds a special place in the Zairian 

Ir was founded in the late 1800s by the 
explorer-journalist Henry Morton Stan- 
ley, and it was called Stanleyville until 
the early 1970s. The city is believed to be 
the setting for V. S. Naxpaul’s novel "A 
Bend in the River." 

Hemmed in by one of the world's 
thickest and most beautiful tropical 
forests, Kisangani is situated on the 
Zaire River near rapids that were once a 
tourist attraction. 

fore becoming Zaire's first post-inde- 
pendence prime minister. 

In the mid-1960s, rebels established a 

revolutionary government in Kisangani 
that Marshal Mobutu eventually 
stomped out. And in the late 1960s, 
rebellious elements of the army, along 
with mercenaries, took over the city. 
Marshal Mobutu also ended that cam- 

FRANCEs The Task of Selling the Euro 

Continued from Page 1 

sands of factorv workers demonstrated 

tunes, and at this pace will have 1 million 
in four months, said Pierre Biotin, a 
member of the Communist Party’s na- 

EU Chief Criticizes 
Paris Over Renault 

at EU headquarters buildings in Brus- tional bureau. 


Anti-Mobutu sentiment in Kisangani 
springs from the city's economic down- 
fall. Once sprinkled with fine hotels and 

Its location on the river and along a elegant houses, the city today is a sym- 

major rail line helped make Kisangani j 
economic beacon for decades. Its p 

bol of government neglect. 

"What Renault has done in Belgium, 
you call that united Europe?" shouted 
one worker interviewed on French tele- 
vision. "Is this how we are going to 
compete against the .Americans?” 

Similarly, demands for national ref- 

would give the government no choice. 
"If Kisangani goes, the rebels don 

"If Kisangani goes, the rebels don’t 
need to go on to Kinshasa." said Andre 
Kapanga. chairman of the All North 

sition at the middle of the continent — 
halfway between Cape Town and Cairo, 
halfway between the Atlantic and Indian 
oceans — also made it a commercial 

And nothing has made Kisangani more 

"It used to be a jewel of a city.” Mr. erendums on whether to convert to die 

Kapanga said. "But now it's like the rest 
of Zaire. The people get no services. 
Everything is falling apart. When Zairi- 
ans say they want change, it's because 
the people in power are not working for 
the common people." 

euro are on the rise in France. Germany 
and elsewhere. 

* ‘This is too serious for the people not 
to be consulted," Mr. Biotin said. "Our 
feeling is that the policy being put in 
place in the process toward the single 
currency is one of austerity, and people 
should be able to decide whether they 
want il" 

Some people are looking forward to 
the advantages for which the euro is 
ostensibly being created: more com- 


PARIS — The president of the 
European Commission, Jacques 
Santer, said Sunday that the French 
government could have intervened 
to prevent the automaker Renault 

In France, the Communists and other merce and greater efficiency. 

leftist parties are circulating a petition 
asking for a national vote on the single 
currency. It has nearly 300.000 signa- 

The UN’s African Refugee Dilemma 

Since ihe 1994 massacres in Rwanda 
and the ensuing exodus of over 15 
million Hutu refugees, the United Na- 
tions High Commission for Refugees 
has been the lead aid agency in the 
camps of Zaire and Tanzania, in recent 
months , the UNHCR has come under 

Q&A / Dennis McNamara 

After the return of some 750,000 
refugees from Zaire in December, Tan- 
zania was also fed up and ordered its 

Should you feed starving children and 
their desperate mothers, when you 
know the food may be shared with their 

criticism from Amnesty International 500.000 refugees home. 

and others for condoning the expulsion 
of refugees from Tanzania and giving 
aid to armed Hutu killers within the 
refugee population. Dennis Mc- 
Namara. director of international pro- 
tection at the UNHCR, spoke with 
Robert Kroon for the International 
Herald Tribune in Geneva. 

But in the Tanzanian camps we had 
the same potent mix of civilians and 

know the food may be shared with their 
armed husbands and sons? If we stop 
the aid, we are criticized for letting 
people starve. If we bring in the goods. 

former Hutu fighters, die so-called we're accused of helping the armed 
"genocidaires," who had good reasons fighters. 

Q.In a recenr survey of the refugee 
emergency in the Great Lakes region. 
Amnesty has accused UNHCR of vi- 

olating its own rules by abetting the 
forced repatriation of Hutu refugees 

forced repatriation of Hutu refugees 
from Tanzania. Is there any basis for 
such accusations? 

A. Inevitably, a lot of attention has 
been focused on the failure to protect 
refugees, who have been intimidated, 
coerced and abused on a scale we have 
never seen before. In the Great Lakes 
region, the UN-backed refugee pro- 

to stay away from Rwanda. So they 
absconded from the camps in the op- 
posite direction. 'Die Tanzanian army 
stopped them and repatriation began. 
Without political support from the in- 
ternational community, our field work- 
ers were in no position to oppose this. 
So we decided not to abandon the 
refugees on their way home and their 
difficult reintegration in Rwandan so- 

Don’t forget that about 80 percent of 
the camp populations consists of non- 
combatant civilians, mostly women 
and children. We have struggled with 
this dilemma since the beginning of the 
refugee emergency in 1994. but it is no 
less acute for being familiar, i • 

"It’s really a pain when the first thing 
you have to do on vacation is run to a 
bank and change your money," said a 
Berlin economics student, Stefan 
Schnapp, 27. "With the euro you can 
save yourself the trouble. Everyone is 
talking about a globalization of the econ- 
omy. Why not a globalization of cur- 

The single currency actually will not 
be in citizens’ hands until 2002. if the 
process goes as scheduled. Nor have the 
budget cuts enacted in most of the ap- 
plicant nations made a significant dent in 
relatively generous European social - 
welfare systems. 

But this is the year whose economic 
results will decide who gets to be in the 
club, and so far. only Luxembourg qual- 

With unemployment high nearly 
everywhere citizens are beginning to 
fear the impact of budget cuts on their 
daily lives. 

plant and laying off 3,100 workers. 

Mr. Santer told a French tele- 
vision interviewer that the way the 
company had announced its de- 
cision dealt a serious blow to die 
spirit of European unity. 

The conservative government, 
the principal shareholder in Renault. 
* ‘could definitely have intervened," 
he said, through its representatives 
on die management board. 

“The spirit of confidence that is 
the very basis of European con- 
struction, which aims to be not only 
a market but also a market based on 
a certain solidarity and on social 
cohesion, has definitely suffered a 
serious blow,'' Mr. Santer said. 

"It is not within the spirit of 
European directives to not inform or 
consult workers to try and reach an 
agreement, even if on accompany- 
ing measures," he added. 

Renault workers in several coun- 
tries have protested the plans toclose 
the VUvoorde plant in Belgium. 

daily lives. euro will be “as strong as the mark" 

“The single currency risks becoming have been distributed, m Italy, parnph- 
the scapegoat of everything that is going lets are also being circulated, and Prime 

Q. So what is the solution? 

A. The separation of genocidaires 
and fighters from the civilian refugees 

Dennis McNamara of the UNHCR. 

150.000 refugees from the Tingi-Tingi 

Q. You have also been criticized by 
European Commission for giving aid to 
armed militants among the refugees, 
notably in die Tingi-Tingi camp before 
its population fled the advancing rebel 
forces of Laurent Kabila. Reportedly, 

in the camps is beyond the ability of camp have simply disappeared into the 
unarmed aid workers. We have tried it jungle. We cannot reach them, and 

region, the UN-backed refugee pro- forces of Laurent Kabila. Reportedly, 
tection regime has been tested beyond your aid flights to the Tingi-Tingi air- 

its limits since 1994. Criticism from 
Amnesty and others is simplistic, be- 
cause they ignore many of the key 

Agencies like Amnesty have no ex- 

perience with the reality of day-to-day 
field operations in that pari of the 

strip alternated with Zairian supply 
planes for the Hutu militants. 

A This was another no-win situation 
for UNHCR. The camps are often mis- 
used for military and political action. 

in die beginning, but our people were 
threatened, and even raising the issue 
can put their lives at risk. Separating the 
deserving from the criminals can only 
be done by an international interven- 
tion force. Political leaders talk a lot 
about human rights but they shy away 
from a consistent political arid security 

If we cannot get an intervention 
force, as was recently proposed again 

field operations in that part of the 

and Tingi-Tingi was no exception. But by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, 
in Tingi-Tingi we also had about fifty UNHCR will continue to operate in a 

babies a day dying of hunger or disease, vacuum. In Eastern Zaire, some 

large numbers may be dying right now. 
The only solution is to create a pro- 
tected corridor to enable our field work- 
ers to do their job. Otherwise the aid 
effort is neither effective nor credible. 

Q. The idea for a multinational in- 
tervention force was dropped after the 
successful return of refugees from 
Goma last year. Is there any chance it 
can be revived? 

A. Well, this depends on an early 
consensus among the key states in New 
York. We’ll know more’ in the coming 

wrong in France," said Stephane 
Ro 2 esa. a pollster of the Paris firm CS A. 
"If jobs and growth are not at the ren- 
dezvous with the euro, we could see 
some very strong opposition.’’ 

In Italy, where political and public 
support for the single currency is strong. 
Franco Ciaffi, a 52-year-old Rome gro- 
cer, noted that the government already 
has imposed a special new tax to reduce 
the budget deficit and that social-pro- 
gram cuts are in the offing. 

"If all these sacrifices are going to 
end in something good, like the single 
currency, then OX, let’s do it," he 
said. "But what if all the sacrifices 
bring nothing? What if the government 
falls again and nothing happens at 

Governments are beginning to un- 
dertake education programs with an eye 
to overcoming such doubts. In Germany. 
4 million brochures proclaiming that the 

Minister Romano Prodi has held ex- 
planatory news conferences after each 
new round of budget cuts. : 

In France, Mr. Baraier barnstorms 
one day a week, holding public meet- 
ings. touring factories and exhorting stu- 

From country to country, citizens’ 
concerns about the new currency vary. 
The idea behind the economic require- 
ments for entity, designed principally by 
Germany, is to ensure that the currency 

is backed by strong economies and thus 
is strong itself; Germans have a tra- 
ditional fear of devaluation. . j 

So. when Joachim Bretzel. a mail- ■ 
room worker for the German chemical 
giant Schering. says the euro is “a hor- 
rible and stupid idea," it is because he 
fears it will be worth less than the mark 
and thus "cut my savings in half." 

* ‘The euro is going to ruin Germany," 
he said. 

ALBANIA: Berisha Proposes New Elections 

Continued from Page 1 

teenagers to hand in their weapons and vow- 
ing to punish looters. 

One person was killed and three were 
wounded during a night of wild celebrations 
after rebels seized the town, site of the main 
army base for the region. Army reinforcements 
flown in to defend it fled to the mountains. 

"There will be no more shootings. Chil- 
dren under 18 should not cany weapons. 
Shops will open and those caught stealing 
will be punished." Mr. Gozhita told a crowd 
of 1 ,500 after he was elected president of the 
town’s 15-member rebel council. 

Nothing seemed to control bands of young 
men, some looking no older than 12, who 
swung Kalashnikovs around and pointed 
them at motorists' faces. 

"It is a big success, no doubt. He is giving 
) step by step." said Skender Sera, a retired 

up step by step." said Skender Sera, a retired 
army general who was ousted by Mr. Berisha 
in 1992 and who now heads defense for the 
Committee to Protect VIore. 

Mr. Berisha has been under international 
pressure to queli the unrest and turmoil. He 
proposed the overhaul of government for the 
first time on a state television broadcast 
Opposition leaders could be seen taking notes 
as Mr. Berisha at times rambled on about 
morality, honor and the need to get on with 
life in one of Europe's poorest countries. 

Socialist Party leaders questioned the of- 

fer, but Neritan Ceka, leader of the Demo- 
cratic Alliance, raised a more conciliatozy 
voice. He is getting closer ‘ ‘to the ideas we’ve 
brat talking about all these days," Mr. Ceka 
said. "I think it’s a big step." 

Albania has roiled with unrest since last 
summer, with parliamentary elections result- 
ing in an overwhelming victory for Mr. Ber- 
isha’s Democratic Party. Protesters who 
challenged the results — which essentially 
turned the country into a one-party state — 
were beaten by truncheon-carrying police. 

In three months, anger against the gov- 
ernment boiled over into anarchy. Nine pyr- 
amid investment funds collapsed beginning 
in December, swallowing the life savings of 
people here who had sold their homes and 
cars and piled tbe cash into the schemes. 

It is difficult to find a family in this country 
of 3.5 million who was not scorched by the 
collapse. As the crisis deepened, their fury 
was directed toward the government and Mr. 
Berisha, who they believe knew about the 
risk but did nothing. 

■ Italian Minister Goes to Tirana 

ROME — Foreign Minister Lamberto Dim 
of Italy flew to Tirana on Sunday at the 
invitation of the Albanian government and 
opposition leaders, a Foreign Ministry spokes- 
man said. Reuters reported from Rome. He 
will hold talks with Mr. Berisha on how to 
move ahead to democratic elections. 

AfiARNING: Politicians Told of China Gifts 

Continued from Page 1 

the officials termed “conclusive evi- 
dence" that Chinese government funds 
were fimneled into the United States last 
year, although it remains uncertain 
whether any of the money ended up in 
congressional or presidential campaign 
coffers. Such contributions would vi- 
olate federal law, which prohibits for- 
eign individuals, colorations and gov- 
ernments from donating to U.S. political 

"There is no question that money was 
laundered." one official said. 

"Laundering" is a technique some- 
times used by intelligence agencies or 
criminals to route money through banks, 
corporations or individuals to conceal its 

Evidence of Chinese efforts to in- 
fluence congressional races was first 
discovered by U.S. intelligence agencies 
in spring 1995. officials said, as Con- 
gress prepared to vote on renewal of 
China's most-favored-nation status, a 
U.S. government designation providing 
substantial trade benefits. 

Then, in December 1996. the Justice 
Department task force discovered a 

JiimiiM M.-.hh-'IIk- IV. 

An Albanian woman carrying a weapon Sunday in Gjirokastra. 

second aspect of Chinese attempts to in- 
fluence U.S. elections. Two weeks after 
Ihe task foree was creaied. investigators 
studying the role of John Huang — a 
former Lippo Group executive and Com- 
merce Department official who had be- 
come a top fund-raiser for the Democratic 
National Committee during the presiden- 
tial campaign — began systematically 
analyzing a large volume of sensitive 
foreign intelligence information that had 
been collected but not scrutinized. 

The review showed that in the early 
weeks of l*W.S. Chinese representatives 
developed what U.S. officials described 
as "'apian" to spend nearly $2 million to 
buy influence not only in Congress but 
also within the administration? The al- 
leged effort to funnel money into con- 
gressional and presidential campaigns is 
now considered the most serious aspect 
of the task force inquiry, officials said. 

A spokesman lor the Chinese Em- 
bassy has categorically denied allega- 
tions that Beijing fried io influence lHs 

Last June, after the FBI received the 

EXPEL: In First Case Since War , Germany Sends Home U.S. Diplomat Who It Says Spied 

Continued from Page 1 

about France's secret bargaining pos- 
ition in global trade talks. 

Germany has repeatedly told the 
United States that the time has come for 
a sharp reduction in the number of CIA 
operatives here. During the Cold War, 
Germany was by far the largest Amer- 
ican overseas base for military and other 
intelligence. Since Germany shared the 
U.S. priority of thwarting a Soviet in- 
vasion of Western Europe. American 
agents were allowed tu gather infor- 
mation wifh impunity. 

The escalation of economic rivalries 
across the Atlantic in the War 
era. however, has started to generate 
serious friction between friendly na- 

tions. Besides European irritation over 
CIA attempts to find new routes to fer- 
reting out allied economic secrets, the 
FBI has been incensed by the increasing 
efforts of France, in particular, to steal 

information about highly classified in- 
dustrial projects of U.S. corporations. 

dustriai projects of U.S. corporations. 

In turn. France was so outraged by the 
1995 espionage case that it suspended 
intelligence cooperation with the United 
States in such areas as terrorism and 
arms smuggling. According to German 
and French sources, the Paris govern- 
ment told its other European Union part- 
ners that the extent of CIA economic 
espionage activities was becoming a se- 
rious peril in their interests and required 
a hard-nosed response by the Euro- 

When John M. Deutch. then the CIA 
director, traveled to Europe a few 
months after the French fiasco in a bid to 
heal the breach with the allies, the Bonn 
government bluntly warned him that it 
would no longer tolerate U.S. snooping 
in such sensitive areas as trade and tech- 

German officials said that in recent 
months Bemd Schmidbauer. Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl's chief adviser on inlel- 
ligence matters, hud been pressing the 
Bonn government's complaint tha’f the 
United States appeared to be dragging its 
heels in living up io promises to scale 
down the size of its intelligence com- 
munity in Germany. 

According to German officials. Mr. 
Schmidbauer warned that U.S. recal- 

citrance could lead to a public embar- 
rassment if that was necessary to get 
action. Mr. Schmidbauer also told col- 
leagues that Mr. Kohl was prepared to 
lake up the matter personally with Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton to demonstrate how 
seriously Bonn fell about the matter. 

Mr. Kohl spoke by telephone with Mr. 
Clinton last week, but it could not be 
determined if they discussed the latest 
spying incident. 

In addition. American diplomats say 
the CIA's attempts to justify its post- 
Cold War purposes by expanding eco- 
nomic intelligence missions in Europe 
also have escalated clashes with Con- 
gress and the State Department because 
of the agency’s long-standing reluctance 
to share sensitive information. 

information about the attempts tty 
Chinese representatives to direct illegal 
campaign contributions to the six mem- 
bers of Congress, Justice Department 
officials informed National Security 
Council staff workers about the matter. 
The staff members, who have respon- 
sibility for counterintelligence matters, 
were not given the names of the law- 
makers. officials said. 

Neither Presidenr Bill Clinton nor se- 
nior administration policymakers were 
briefed on the intelligence about China's 
congressional efforts, a White House 
official said last week. 

A senior White House official said this 
weekend that the White House was un- 
aware of alleged Chinese efforts to fun- 
nel money into presidential campaigns 
until reading news accounts last month. 

"Our goal is to maintain substantial 
distance from the Justice Department 
investigation." the White House official 

U.S. government officials said some 
Chinese government funds were direc- 
ted to the United States through compa- 
nies either wholly or partly owned by 
China. Justice investigators are trying to 
determine whether any of those fluids 
were received by Mr. Huang or by two 
other prolific Democratic National 
Committee fund-raisers. Charles Yah 
Lin Trie and Pauline Kanchanalak. the 
officials added. 

The ihree fund-raisers have emerged 
as the principal figures in the task force 
investigation into campaign fund-rais- 
ing irregularities, although their roles in 
the Chinese efforts remain unclear. Mr. 
Huang. Mr. Trie and Ms. Kanchanalak 
have declined to comment publicly, but 
friends and colleagues of the trio main- 
luin they have done nothing improper. 

American officiulx said the Justice 
task force had not determined precisely 
what Beijing hoped to achieve in at- 
tempting to funnel contributions into 
congressional and presidential races. 
But ihe timing of the FBI warnings to 
lawmakers appears to be significant be- 
cause of the 1 996 vote on China’s mosr- 
tavored-nation trade status. 

Mrs. Feinstein sits on the Foreign 
Relations subcommittee on East Asian 
and Pacific affairs, which oversees U.S. 
relations with China. 

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How Coots Are Coping With Codgerhood 

By William S afire 


woo an older audience back to the 

net Y°*: The. lead: •'The^-own-ure 
are battling back.” ^ 

Those two locutions — geezer and 
gwy-up ^ run the gamrn of cSr- 
2£“°™ of age. As a modifier. 
gtmm-up has all those good things 
gomgfont: mature, experienced, dnr 
belund the ears. But the last time I 
used geezer in a column — denouncing 
the geezer power” of the most 

powerful lobby in Washington a 

mail clerk with a military cry of “In- 
coming!” dragged in a load of mail 
complaining of an ageist slur. These 
?~ voc ^ s of .the silver set were far 
from T.S. Eliot’s “quiet voiced eld- 
era” — one creative soul signed his 
blast “Gerry Atrix.” 

Age-ist is an awkward word, easy 
enough to say, harder to put on a page. 
I™ -spelling ageist, though sanctioned 
by Webster’s New World Dictionary, 
looks as though it should sound like 
a -GUY ST, ana when you drop the e, to 
flgi'if. it seems analogous to aginner. 
The hyphen in age-ist can be used to 
signal the pronunciation of a hard a and 
a soft g. at least until the word and its - 
ism become more familiar. 


Oldsters in their 60s can use geezer 
with impunity because we’re en- 
sconced in early codgerhood. The 
word may be rooted in disguise: in 
Scotland, the guisers were revelers 
who. tike mummers, dressed in ancient 
costumes, or guises, on certain hol- 
idays. (Sound farfetched? You got a 
better etymology, y’old coot?) With 
the meaning “fool.” usually but not 
necessarily old, coot had its first cita- 
tion in 1 766; old coot is not redundan t, 

while old geezer is; ail geezers, no 
matter how sprightly, are old. just as all 
pure are young. 

But how old is old ? To many, it 
seems that the old-age clock begins to 
run at Social Security's 65. though the 
American Association of Retired Per- 
sons begins hitting you up for mem- 
bership al 50. “You’re as old as you 
feel” is a helpful adage, reminding us 
that age can be a state of mind. 

With the general aging of the pop- 
ulation, a differentiation is being made 
among the young old (65 to 75). the old 
old (75 to 85 ) and the oldest old (85 to 
99). Beyond that is centenarian, a word 
chosen by David J. Mahoney, the phil- 
anthropist who heads the Charles H. 
Dana Foundation, for his seminal Rut- 
gers commencement address. “The 
Centenarian Strategy.” He spoke 
about how the old young — now in 
their 20s, just beginning to trust any- 
body over 30 — should plan their lives 
on the probability of living to 100, with 
worn -out organs transplanted and 
brain functions, especially memory, 
relatively unimpaired 

In the synonymy of age, elderly — 
with its comparative sense of “older 
than,” as in “elder sister" — is the 
gentlest, signifying respect bordering 
on veneration, as in “tribal elder” and 
“elder statesman." As an adjective, 
elderly connotes judgment based on 
experience rather chan only the seni- 
ority of age; as a noun, it suggests a 
group only approaching old age. Plain 
old, without die modifiers of young or 
old, deals with “advanced years” but 
not with degrees of physical decrep- 
itude, first cited in this space in 1 980 as 
“the dwindles.” Superannuated. 
though fallen into linguistic desuetude, 
occasionally gets used to describe 
people pensioned or forced to retire 
because of arbitrary age limits. To be in 
one’s dotage, from the Middle Low 
German doten, “to be foolish," sug- 
gests a state of near-senility. 

Slang treats age breezily. Granny is 

gaily applied in fashion’s granny 
glasses and granny dresses, but more 
poignantly applied in the abandonment 
of aged dependents, called granny 


The shunning of elderly women 
shown by the disparaging crone or hag 
is to be discouraged. At the 1972 Mos- 
cow summit. Alexei Kosygin pointed 
to a female American reporter and 
asked Pat Nixon, “Who is that hag of 
rocks?" Mrs. Nixon professed nor to 
hear. However, no spring chicken is 
acceptable, and of a certain age is 
preferred. The American equivalent of 
the Russian bag of rocks is battle-ax. 
Wise guys who use the pejorative 
grumps are invariably called whipper- 
snappers. The 1780 fogy, cited in 1879 
as "phogey." extra military pay for 
long service, can be young or old, but 
old fogy is a label more derogatory of 
hidebound beliefs than of age. 

The hypersensitive old or their unc- 
ruous caregivers are constantly plumb- 
ing the depths of the fountain of eu- 
phemism. Senior citizen has had its 
day, as have golden years and sunset 
years. The jocular chronologically ad- 
vanced is a play on correctness, and old 
folks is considered patronizing. 

What’s good geezer etiquette? Gray 
is acceptable, but silver is the preferred 
adjective; forget gold. Those teeth in 
the glasses will really smile at the use 
of grown-up. Although adult has been 
seized by the porno crowd to describe 
sexy movies, older adult is guaranteed 
to offend nobody. The best-loved eu- 
phemism of all is mature. 

When the band strikes up the Stephen 
Foster song that begins, “Way down 
upon the Swanee River.” substitute 
‘ * Lordy ” for ‘ ‘darkie’ ’ to bypass racism 
and watch out for that last tine. Ditch its 
reference to old folks and get ready for a 
fast fix at the end to the updated title. 
“Mature Adults at Home.” 

New York Times Service 


- *> 

' ■ 


Jm . 

ri i . ; 


By Patrick McGrath. 254 pages. $22. 
Random House. 

Reviewed by Michiko Kakutani 

P ATRICK McGrath’s latest gothic 
thriller. “Asylum." starts off as a 
sort of dark send- up of “Lady Chat- 
ierley’s Lover." As in the D.H. 
Lawrence classic, a well-to-do woman, 
who's been trapped in a sterile marriage, 
begins a passionate affair with a laborer 
on her husband’s estate.. In McGrath’s 
version, however, sexual love does not 
lead to liberation or transcendence; as in 
so many McGrath stories, it leads to 
obsession, death and everlasting guilt 
You see. the estate where Stella 
Raphael lives is no ordinary estate, and 
her beloved, Edgar Static, is no ordinary 
worker. Stella’s husband. Max, is a 
forensic psychiatrist at a maximum se- 
curity hospital for the mentally ill; and 
Edgar is one of the hospital's patients, an 
artist who has been committed to the 
institution for the brutal murder and de- 
capitation of his wife. 

This, of course, is just the sort of grisly 
story thai has won McGrath a reputation 
as one of today's foremost neogolhic 
writers, an heir to the tradition of the 
psychological horror tale pioneered by 
Edgar Allan Poe. “Asylum" not only 
emerges as his most polished perfor- 

mance to date, but also stands as a dis- 
tillation of his preoccupations: his Freu- 
dian equation of sex and death, of 
control and obsession, and his fascin- 
ation with the morbid and grotesque. 

As in each of McGrath's previous 
novels, tiie so-called facts of the story 
come to us through the filter of an un- 
reliable narrator, who may or may not be 
telling us the truth. Like the narrator of 
"Dr. Haggard’s Disease,” the oarrator 
of “Asylum" is ostensibly a man of 
science. In this case, he’s Dr. Peter 
Cleave, an associate of Max and a con- 
sulting psychiatrist at the asylum. 

Speaking in reasonable tones. Peter 
begins by conjuring up the rarefied world 
of the asylum. It emerges as a strangely 
Victorian realm, a paternalistic place 
where social niceties (like dinner dances) 
coexist with hierarchical strictures. 

Having set the scene, Peter then pro- 
ceeds to reconstruct the case history of 
Stella Raphael and Edgar Stark. We're 
told about Stella's passionless marriage 
to Max, her animal attraction to Edgar 
and her headlong pursuit of this dan- 
gerous affair. We bear about her secret 
meetings with Edgar in the asylum's 
garden, his flight from the institution 
and her subsequent decision to join him, 
underground, in London. We later learn 
of the scandal that erupts when Stella’s 
betrayal is discovered, the jealousy that 
drives Edgar into a murderous rage 


fi ’ : *•» 


By Alan Trascott 


’ORE than 2,000 players 
L were heading for Dallas 
•; ! recently, planning to compete 

in the American Contract 
Bridge League's Spring Na- 
tional Championships. 

; The league ’s Hall of Fame 
. ; ' ‘ inducts three living players 
a each year, and this year, one 
of them is Bill Root of Boca 
Raton, Florida. As well as be- 
- ing the winner of 12 major 
national team titles, he has 

taught -thou sands of players in 
Florida and New York, prob- 
^ _ ably more than any other 

^ _ bridge teacher in history - 

During the 1987 Vander- 
bilt Teams, he held the South 
cards and arrived in four 
hearts. His partner’s response 
of four clubs, which would be 
a splinter bid for most ex- 
perts, showed a forcing raise 
in hearts with a balanced 
hand. With a minimum hand 
he naturally signed off in 
game, and found himself in 
jeopardy at the four-level. 

He won the opening spade 
lead in his hand and led a 

West took the king and led 
his remaining spade, putting 
the defense on a winning 
track. If Root had routinely 
won and led a second trump. 

West would have been able to 
play a club and score a spade 
ruff to defeat the contract. 

But Root saw the danger 
and countered with a neat 
communication-cutring play. 
He played three diamond 
winners, throwing a club 
from his hand, and played the 
fourth diamond. When East 
discarded a club, he threw his 
remaining club. 

West scored a diamond 
trick that he neither expected 
nor wanted. The contract was 
safe, for the he an ace was the 
only remaining trick for the 
defense. East no longer had 
an entry to give his partner a 
spade ruff. 







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31 Newsman Pyle 

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37 Spigot 

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44 Noted business 

45 Great Lakes 

47 Sweetie 

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57 Nobel author, 

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57 Lemon go with 
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13 limiting party 
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22 Take advantage 

2 6 install to new 

2 G Poet's Muse 

27 Brawl 

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30 Spoil 
32 Wanderer 
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34 Ruhr Valley city 
36 Box Office 

38 Bit of Trivial 

41 Dernier 

42 Coach Amos 

42 Discard 
48 Went one better 

48 Place lor a tittle 

R and R • 

51 Devout Iranian 

54 Rough cabin 

56 Proceeding 

57 Rem for Jack 

- 56 Buffets and 

59 Writer Hunter 

PuzdabfGreveiyi! Pw 

tv New York Times/ Edited, by Will Shorts. 

61 The "A" m AHM 

62 Vintage 

63 Special 
attention, lor 

SS * Drives Me 
Crazy' (1989 
At hit) 


SCIENTOLOGISTS: Haw Tax-Exempt Status Was Won in U.S. 

Continued from Page 1 

when he suspects Stella of having an 
affair with his best friend and the con- 
sequences that Stella’s actions will have 
for her husband and son. 

These events are all related by Peter in 
cool, clinical prose that serves to height- 
en the horror of what he’s describing. 
Stella is portrayed as the victim of “a 
hysterical illness.” while Edgar is de- 
picted as suffering from “a paranoid 
psychosis." In this account, ps^sion is 
juxtaposed with reason, romantic love 
with domesticity, madness with control. 

And yet. as Peter proceeds with his 
account, the reader is slowly made to 
doubr his veracity and Intentions. Is 
Peter's diagnosis of Stella’s case en- 
tirely accurate? Has his ambition — he is 
in competition with Stella’s husband. 
Max, for the job of chief administrator 
— warped his analytic abilities? Or is 
there some even danker agenda behind 
his efforts to “cure" poor Stella? 

McGrath has created' a taut, tension- 
filled narrative that derives much of its 
power from understatement and with- 
held emotion. By pushing familiar pas- 
sions to extremes and by glossing fa- 
miliar psychological concepts with 
religious notions of sin and guilt and 
redemption, he has managed to con- 
struct a chilling story. 

Michiko Kakutani is on the staff of 
The New York Times. 

results thai the service had 
with Scientology, it is surpris- 
ing to have the ultimate de- 
cision be favorable. It was 
even more surprising that the 
service made the decision 
without full disclosure, in light 
of die prior background." 

Whtle IRS officials in- 
sisted that Scientology’s tac- 
tics did not affect the decision, 
some officials acknowledged 
that ruling against the church 
would have prolonged a fight 
that had consumed extensive 
government resources and ex- 
posed individual officials to 
persona] lawsuits. At one 
time, the church and its mem- 
bers had more than 50 suits 
pending against the IRS and 
its officials. 

“Ultimately the decision 
was made on a legal basis." 
said a senior agency official 
who was involved m the case 
and spoke on the condition 
that he not be identified. 

The church's tactics ap- 
peared to violate no laws. Its 
officials and lawyers said in a 
three-hour interview in Los 
Angeles last month that the 
church had been the victim of 
a campaign of harassment 
and discrimination by * ’rogue 
agents" within the IRS. 

Church officials and law- 
yers acknowledged that Sci- 
entology had used private in- 
vestigators to look into their 
opponents, including IRS of- 

“This is a church organi- 
zation that has been subjected 
to more harassment and more 
attacks certainly than any re- 
ligion in this century and 
probably any religion ever, 
and they have had to perhaps 
take unusual steps in order to 
survive." said Monique 
Yingling, a Washington law- 
yer who represented the 
church in the tax case. 

Since its founding in 1950, 
Scientology has grown into a 
worldwide movement that 
boasts 8 million members. 
Hie church has vast real es- 
tate holdings around the 
world and operates a yacht 
based in the Caribbean. 

Its founder, Mr. Hubbard, 
asserted that people are im- 
mortal spirits who have lived 
through many li fetimes . In 
Scientology teachings, he de- 
scribed humans as clusters of 
spirits that were trapped in ice 
and banished to Earth 75 mil- 
lion years ago by Xeau. the 
ruler of tbe 26-planet Galactic 

Scientology describes its 
goal as “a civilization with- 
out insanity, without crimin- 
als and without war, where 
the able can prosper and hon- 
est beings can have rights, 
and where Man is free to rise 
to greater heights." To reach 
those heights. Scientologists 
believe, each individual must 
be “cleared" of problems 
and afflictions through a 
series of counseling sessions 
known as “auditing.” The 
sessions are performed by a 
trained auditor assisted by a 
device similar to a lie detect- 
or. known as an E-meter. 

Although Scientology's 
complicated finances make a 
total estimate difficult, re- 
cords on file at the IRS in- 
dicate that in the early 1990s 
the church was earning about 
$300 million a year from 
auditing fees, the sale of Sci- 
entology literature and re- 
cordings, management ser- 
vices and the franchising of 
its philosophy. Church offi- 
cials said those figures were 
higher than actual earnings. 

Mr. Hubbard established 
the original mother church, 
the Church of Scientology of 
California, in Los Angeles in 
1954. Three years later, it was 
recognized as tax exempt by 
the IRS. But in 1967, the 
agency stripped the church of 
its exemption, and a fierce 
struggle broke out between 
the agency and the church. 

In its revocation letter, the 
agency said that Scientology’s 
activities were commercial 
and that it was being operated 
for the benefit of Mr. Hub- 
band. The church ignored the 
action and withheld taxes. 

Minutes of IRS meetings 
indicate that some agents sub- 
sequently engaged in a cam- 
paign to shut down Sciento- 
logy, an effort that church 
officials cite us evidence of 
bias. Some of the tactics led to 
rebukes by judges, including 
a 1990 ruling in Boston that 
criticized the agency for ab- 
usive practices in seeking ac- 
cess to church records. 

Scientology retaliated. In 
1973 the church embarked on 
a program code-named Snow 
White. In a document labeled 
“secret." Mr. Hubbard out- 
lined a strategy to root out all 
"False and secret fries'* held 
by governments around the 
world regarding Scientology. 

"Attack is necessary to an 
effective defense.” Mr. Hub- 
hard wrote. 

Under the supervision of 
his third wife. Mary Sue, Sci- 
entologists infiltrated the De- 
partment of Justice and die 
IRS to uncover information 
on the founder. They broke 
into offices at night and 
copied mountains of tkxru- 

ments. At one point an elec- 
tronic bugging device was 
hidden inside an IRS confer- 
ence room the day before a 
meeting about Scientology. 

Critics say those actions 
fell under a church doctrine 
that Mr. Hubbard had called 
the Fair Game policy. Mr. 
Hubbard wrote that church 
enemies may “be deprived of 
property or injured by any 
means by any Scientologist 
without any discipline of the 
Scientologist. May be tricked, 
sued or lied to or destroyed.” 

The conspiracy was un- 
covered in 1977, and Mrs. 
Hubbard and 10 others were 

Mr. Hubbard died in January 
1986, his opposition to taxes 
lived on among the new gen- 
eration of leaders, including 
Mr. Miscavige, a second-gen- 
eration Scientologist. 

Part of the battle was pub- 
lic. A leading role was played 
by the National Coalition of 
IRS Whistle-Blowers, which 
Scientology created and fin- 
anced for nearly a decade. 

On the surface, the coali- 
tion was like many independ- 
ent groups that provide sup- 
port for insiders who want to 
go public with stories of cor- 
ruption. But Stacy Young, a 
senior Scientology staff 

Minutes of IRS meetings indicate that 
some agents engaged in a campaig n to 
shot down Scientology, which church 
officials cite as evidence of bias. 

eventually sentenced to pris- 
on. Mr. Hubbard was named 
an un indicted co-conspirator 
because investigators could 
not link him to the crimes. 

Tbe church promised to 
change its ways. Members 
who broke the law were 
purged, including Mrs. Hub- 
bard. Scientologists said, and 
the church restructured to 
protect against a recurrence. 
The Fair Game policy, they 
said, has been misinterpreted 
by courts and critics. 

"There is nothing like 
that,' ' said Elliot Abelson, the 
church's general counsel. “It 
doesn't happen.” 

But interviews and an ex- 
amination of court files across 
the United States show that 
after the criminal conspiracy 
was broken up. the church's 
battle against the IRS con- 
tinued on other fronts. When 

member until she departed in 
1 989, said she helped plan the 
coalition as pan of Sciento- 
logy’s battle against the IRS 
in late 1984, while she was 
managing editor of tbe 
church's Freedom Magazine. 

“The IRS was not giving 
Scientology its tax exemp- 
tion, so they were considered 
to be a preny major enemy,” 
Ms. Young said. “What you 
do with an enemy is you go 
after them and harass them 
and intimidate them and try to 
expose their crimes until they 
decide to play ball with you. 
The whole idea was to create 
a coalition that was at arm’s 
length from Scientology so 
that it had more credibil- 

Ms. Young said she re- 
cruited Paul DesFosses, a 
former IRS agent who had 
spoken out against tbe 

M>4u JjpmJrtTrV AmvoowI Prn. 

POLE POSITION — A Moscow boy going after a 
basket of goodies Sunday to celebrate winter’s end. 

agency, to serve as the 
group’s president. Mr. Des- 
Fosses acknowledged that 
Scientology provided sub- 
stantial financing, but he 
denied that the church created 
or ran the coalition. 

Kendrick Moxon, a long- 
time church lawyer, acknow- 
ledged that the coalition was 
founded by Freedom 
Magazine. He said its work 
was well known and part of a 
campaign by Scientology and 
others to reform the IRS. 

The church’s war had a 
covert side, too, and its sol- 
diers were private investiga- 
tors. Octavio Pena, a private 
investigator in Fort Lee, New 
Jersey, achieved a measure of 
renown in the late 1 980s when 
he helped expose problems 
within the Internal Revenue 
Service while working on a 
case for Jordache Enterprises, 
the jeans manufacturer. 

In the summer of 1 989, Mr. 
Pena disclosed in an inter- 
view. a man who identified 
himself as Ben Shaw came to 
his office. Mr. Shaw, who 
said he was a Scientologist, 
explained that the church was 
concerned about IRS corrup- 
tion and would pay $1 million 
for Mr. Pena to investigate 
IRS officials, Mr. Pena said. 

“I had had an early ex- 
perience with the Scientolo- 
gists, and I told him that I 
didn't feel comfortable with 
him, even though he was will- 
ing to pay me $1 milli on," 
Mr. Pena said. 

Scientology officials ac- 
knowledged that Mr. Shaw 
worked for the church at the 
time, but they scoffed at the 
notion that he had tried to hire 
Mr. Pena. 

Michael S homers, another 
private investigator, said he 
shared none of Mr. Pena’s 
qualms, at least initially. 

Describing his work on be- 
half of Scientology in a series 
of interviews. Mr. Shomers 
said that he and his boss, 
Thomas Krywucki, worked 
for the church for at least 18 
months in 1990 and 1991. 

Working from his Mary- 
land office, he said, he set up a 
phony operation, the Wash- 
ington News Bureau, to pose 
as a reporter and gather in- 
formation about church crit- 
ics. He also said he had in- 
filtrated IRS conferences to 
gather information about of- 
ficials who might be skipping 
meetings, drinking too much 
or having affairs. 

“I was looking for vulner- 
abilities.” Mr. Shomers said. 

In one instance, information 
that Mr. Shomers said he had 
gathered at an IRS conference 
at a mountain resort was 
aimed over to an associate of 
Jack Anderson and appeared 
in one of the investigative re- 
porter's columns criticizing 
top agency managers for high 
living at taxpayer expense. 

At one point. Mr. Shomers 
said, he slipped into a meeting 
room at a California hotel 
where an IRS conference was 
being held and took a stack of 
interna) agency documents. 
He said he mailed the material 
to an address provided by his 
church contact. 

It is impossible ro verify all 
of Mr. Shomers' statements 
or determine whether his ac- 
tions were based on specific 
instructions from church rep- 

the 81st Session 
Spring *97 

Covering a total floor space of 160,000 sqm., the current Chinese 
Export Commodities Fair is divided into six specialized exhibition 
hails, which are subdivided into 33 exhibition districts. The exhibits 
are displayed under six categories, i.e.. Foodstuffs and Native 
Produce & Animal By-products, Light Industrial Products and Arts & 
Crafts, Textiles & Garments, Metals & Minerals and Chemical 
Products.Medicines & Health Products, Mechanical & Electronic 
Products. Thousands of Chinese foreign trade corporations (enter- 
prises). who are of good credibility and sound financial capabilities, 
display more than 100,000 varieties of commodities here. 

For invitation application or further information, please directly 
contact China Foreign Trade Centre (Group) or the Commercial 
Counsellor’s Offices/Sections of the local Chinese Embassies/ 
Consulates or China Travel Service (H.K.) Ltd. and its overseas 

Businessmen from all parts of the world are welcome to the Fair. 

Time: April 15th-30th. 1997 
Sponsor: Chinese foreign trade-enterprises 
Organizer: China Foreign Trade Centre (Group) 

Add: 117 Liuhua Road. Guangzhou. P.R. Qhina 
Tel: 86-20-86678000 Ext. 87621. 87631. B6661664 
Fax: 86-20-83335680. 06665851 




iii- Sf -tV»f ,4 


MONDAY MARCH 10, 1907 




riblUtC Q e i Started on Reform of Campaign Finance 


Evading the Questions 

President BUI Clinton spoke a lot of 
generalities on campaign financing in 
his press conference on Friday and 
stoutly defended positions that are tru- 
isms and that no one had challenged. 
As for answering the real questions or 
putting to rest the host of issues that 
nave been raised by the newly revealed 
conduct of his White House, well, that 
was another matter. He continues to 
evade the questions and blow smoke 
on die specific charges. 

Mr. Clinton’s main points were fa- 
miliar. Fund-raising of the son in 
which be engaged is legitimate “un- 
less- you just believe that all trans- 
actions between contributors and 
politicians are inherently suspect, 
which I don't.” Translation: You have 
to be opposed to it all. or you have no 
basis to be opposed to any of his. 

That is so because be. the vice pres- 
ident. their aides and the various other 
folks involved In the campaign, in- 
cluding those at the Democratic Na- 
tional Committee, stayed within the 
law — so far at least as the president 
knows and believes — and also be- 
cause ‘T don’t believe you can find any 
evidence of the fact that I changed 
government policy solely because of a 
contribution.” He lays down a marker 
with that one. even with the use of the 
important modifier “solely.” 

He agrees that the current system 
has a terrible problem of excess. Cam- 
paigns cost too much; the amount of 
money he had to raise to stay com- 
petitive last year is the perfect ex- 
ample. That is why he is supporting 
campaign finance reform. And there 
you have the outline of his defense. 

The question that gave the president 
the most trouble on Friday was not a 

one was to lay it off on the sy stem. * ‘On 
the question of access, we did not have 

the question of access, we did not have 
an adequate system here ... I assumed, 
wrongly, as it turned out, that there 
were kind of established procedures.” 

But of course there are procedures. 
You don’t smooth talk your way into 
the White House: blarney doesn't clear 
you through the gate, not once let alone 
50 times. Mr. Chung didn't get in be- 
cause the system broke down; he got in 
because some member of the admin- 
istration put the system in play by 
telling the security people who man the 
entrances to let him in. He was not an 
accident; he was a guest. 

We are back to the unanswered 
question, whose guest, and how come? 
And how come again and again? That 
is the level, or one of them, at which 
this affair still lives — and it concerns 
the activities of more frequent visitors 
than Mr. Chung. 


Working With Turkey 

A top Turkish official passing 
rough New York recently hinted stu- 

through New York recently hinted stu- 
diously that his government, a member 
of NATO, might block the alliance's 

might block the alliance's 

? lanned eastward expansion unless 
iirkev was admitted to the European 

Turkey was admitted to the European 
Union. The threat is probably a bluff, 
but it was a reminder that Turkey, now 
led by an Islamic prime minister, has 
its own international agenda and in- 
tends to demonstrate its independence 
from the United States. 

The change in Ankara does not 
mean that America and Turkey are 
destined to come into conflict, but 
careful handling of the relationship by 
both countries will be necessary to 

maintain productive ties. Turkey’s 
pivotal importance to American for- 

pivotal importance to American for- 
eign policy is dictated by history and 
geography. As a bridge between 
Europe and Asia and an important 
force in the Middle East and Gulf re- 
gion, Turkey can have a decisive im- 
pact on American interests in a large 
swath of the world. As tire NATO veto 
threat suggests, Turkey can make itself 
felt in unexpected ways. 

Turkey’s new government seems as 
insistent about joining Europe as were 
its secular predecessors. Ankara's ap- 
plication cannot and should not suc- 
ceed so long as its military and police 
forces trample the rights of the Kurdish 
population in the name of a war against 
violent Kurdish separatists. But be- 
yond that, Turkey's claim seems to be 
unfairly blocked by Greece's bitter 
hostility and the anti-Muslim preju- 
dices of other European states. 

Since Neeme Kin Erbakan, the Wel- 
fare Party leader, came to power last 
June as head of a coalition government. 
Washington has worried that Turkey 
would shift from its traditional Euro- 
pean orientation and seek new. anti- 
American alliances with radical 
Muslim countries in the Middle East. 
The concerns seemed justified by the 

anti-NATO. anti-Israel rhetoric Mr. 
Erbakan habitually used before his 
party emerged as Turkey's top vote- 
getter last December, and later by his 
early official visits to Iran and Libya. 

But more recently Mr. Erbakan has 
hewed to a more pragmatic course, 
renewing Turkey’s military coopera- 
tion agreement with Israel and con- 
tinuing to provide bases for American 
air operations in northern Iraq. 

Now file more pressing question is 
whether the Islamic government will 
respect the rights of secular Turks and 
maintain its alliance with the United 
States. Mr. Erbakan recently stirred 
alarms at home by challenging die strict 
secularist guidelines designed by the 
founder of modem Turkey, Mustafa 
Kemal Ataturk. 

Unlike America’s own secularist 
tradition, these leave little scope for 
individual displays of religious devo- 
tion. Mr. Erbakan proposed relaxing 
the prohibitions against women wear- 
ing veils and head scarves in the civil 
service and public universities. He also 
called for graduates of religious 
academies to be allowed to serve as 
military officers, and supported the 
construction of large mosques in the 
center of Istanbul and Ankara. 

Many secular Turks, particularly 
women, fear that these steps could be a 
prelude to fundamentalist intimida- 
tion. After an inappropriately pointed 
warning from Turkey’s politically 
powerful generals, Mr. Erbakan last 
week promised to respect existing sec- 
ularist legislation. 

Ankara should continue to encour- 
age peace between Israel and its Arab 
neighbors, enforce UN sanctions 
against Iraq and show its willingness to 
thwart Iran’s export of terrorism. If it 
does so, the United States should be 
able to work constructively with the 
Erbakan government. 


Other Comment 

Reduced Taxes in India 

More than one expatriate Indian 
businessman has pulled us aside to 
explain his feeling of economic exile. 
The high taxes, entry obstacles for 
foreign partners, import restrictions 
etc. all make it difficult to do business 
at home. So they make their fortunes 
overseas, send money tack to their 
parents and dream of an India freed of 
zero-sum economics. That day may be 
moving a little closer. Finance Min- 
ister P. Chidambaram has grasped the 
taxation nettle. 

In a country where only 1 percent of 
India’s 950 million people are assessed 
by the taxman, the income tax rates for 

India's three income brackets will be 
brought down 10 percentage points to 
10, 20 and 30 percent. Corporate tax 
will come down to 35 percent from 40. 

When taxes are too high it becomes 
worthwhile for people to look for ways 
around them. Governments that reduce 
their rates to more reasonable levels 
also reduce the incentives for fraud. In 
Hong Kong they have perfected that 
principle. There an effective top payroll 
rate of just 1 5 percent has yielded boun- 
tiful surpluses, so much so that the 
government is able to exempt almost 
two-thirds of its working population 
from paying any income tax at all. 

— Far Eastern Economic Review 
{Hong Kong). 





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W ASHINGTON — The history of 
reform in America is bipartisan. 
At different times, members of both 
parties made decisions, together, when 
something in political life had gone 
awry and needed to be fixed. This 
should be one of those times. 

If die 1 996 election made anything 
clear, it is that the American political 
system is dysfunctional. You don't 
have to be a purist to see that opening 
the gates to unlimited sums of political 
money is dangerous. Americans worry 
whether foreign powers, knowing our 
politicians' need — and lust — for 
campaign money, tried to buy influ- 
ence with our government 

When we describe other countries 
susceptible to such corruption, we use 
the derisive term "Banana Republic.” 
Now we are the ones with the system 
going bananas. 

Yet the outlook for reform is bleak. 
Advocates of different reform plans are 
cutting each other up. Those who favor a 
particular approach argue that support- 

general but a specific one about a par- 
ticular donor, Johnny Chung, who at 
one point in 1995 handed Hillary Clin- 
ton’s chief of staff, Margaret Williams, 
while she was in her White House 
office, a $50,000 check for the Demo- 
cratic National Committee. 

The president defended Ms. Wil- 
liams’s conduct in accepting and 
passing along the funds. But Mr. 
Chung is a businessman who may have 
been a conduit for illegal campaign 
contributions from foreigners, who 
was described by a National Security 
Council staff members as a "hustler” 
— and who nonetheless gained access 
to the White House some 50 times in 
the several years leading up to the 
election. That is about once every three 
weeks. Mr. Clinton's response to that 

By E. J. Dionne Jr. 

ers of alternative approaches are either 
suckers for "halfway measures” or 

suckers for haltway measures or 
supporters of unrealistic (and unpass- 
able) utopian schemes. Foes of reform 
watch this internal war within the “re- 
form community” with amusement. 

In the meantime, each political party 
has its own interest in resisting reform. 
Democrats lag behind Republicans in 
the money chase, but are competitive in 
raising “soft money,” the unregulated 
dollars that can come in from almost 
anywhere. With a Democrat in the 
White House, as we are learning, the 
soft money possibilities are better than 
ever. So Democrats call for reform 
even as many in their ranks resist clos- 
ing the soft money spigoL 

Republicans do so well at fimd-rais- 
ing max a lot of them see refrain as a 
Democratic plot to cut off contributions 
to their cause. That is why so many 
Republicans fought, largely success- 
fully, to narrow the mandate of the 
Senate committee looking at die cam- 
paign abuses. They want the hearings on 
campaign corruption to be about Pres- 
ident Bui Clinton and Vice President AI 
Gore, and only about them. God forbid 
that we examine our political system 
whole. Perish the thought that we ask 
why the race for cash leads politicians in 
both parties to cut comers. 

That the Clinton administration was 
willing 10 play so fast and loose with 

the rules is no excuse for evading the 
incentives for corruption that exist in 
the part of the system that is legal. 

Michael Kinsley, now editor of Slate 
magazin e, once observed famously that 
the most troublesome parts of most 
yflnrfalq involve not what is illegal but 
what is perfectly legal — or, in Vice 
President Gore’s gift to the language, 
what happens in those areas where there 
is “no controlling legal authority.” 

Fortunately, there still exist politi- 
cians who step outside the boundaries 
erf current disputes and try to make their 
own political allies see things to which 
they resolutely blind themselves. One 
such politician is Representative Chris- 
topher Shays, a Republican from Con- 
necticut who has been trying to clean up 
the campaign money mess for years. 

Mr. Mays, in the reform tradition of 
Theodore Roosevelt and Fiorelio La 
Guardi a, cannot understand why his 
own party is so eager to miss the op- 
portunity handed up by the Clinton 
mess to become, again, the party of 
clean government. 

“I am dumbfounded wby we would 

in any way have people feel that we 
aren’t willing to look at any wrong- 

, ■ . i_ i j on.:.. LJ n ..-„ 

doing, whether it be in the White House 
or in Congress, Republican or Demo- 

cratic,’ ’ Mir. Shays said in ah interview 
the other day. “If we aren'twilling to 
fight for reform, then we are going M be 
sp yn as caught up m the abuses as if we 
committed them ourselves. 1 * 

Mr. Shays has some tough words for 
his friends in the splintering reform, 
alliance. “We have to be careful that 
we don't eat our own, and do what 
various term limits groups have done to 
themselves.' 1 He notes that team l imits 
supporters clung so stubboridy to theii 
particular versions of a constitu t ional 
amendment that they buried^ _ their 
chances of passing anything. That was 
no loss to the Republic, but it would be 

in die case of campaign reform-. • 

Mr. Shays takes the long view, for 
both his party and the reform cause. It 
may not be possible to enact ihe per- 
fect, sweeping bill in tins Congress, but 
some of the worst abuses could be dealt 
with, leaving room for more substantial 
reform later. 

True, half-steps in the pauper direc- 
tion sometimes frustrate the cause . of 
fundamental reform. But af least as 
often they can be the beginning of a 
more extensive journey .down the right 
road Reformers should pay attention to 
Mr. Shays, and so should Republicans. 

Washington Post Writers Croup. 

People Figure You Don’t Get to the Top Without Lots o 

S AUNA, Kansas — You 
can hear the frustration all 

yj can hear the frustration all 
the way out here. The Eastern 
Establishment media have 
published or broadcast one 
stunning revelation after an- 
other about the questionable 
fund-raising practices of the 
Clinton campaign, from the 
virtual renting out of the Lin- 
coln Bedroom to the vice pres- 
ident’s calls from the white 
House seeking contributions. 
But the public's reaction 
seems to be a big yawn. 

Bill Clinton's approval rat- 
ings remain high. There is no 
deep sense of public outrage. 
The best and the brightest of 
journalism must be wondering 
whether their work is somehow 
being blocked, die way Fidel 
Castro jams Radio Marti. 

Come now tbe people of 

By George B. Pyle 

Kansas to enter a plea of not 
guilty to die charge of first- 
degree apathy. 

We do care. But we care in 
the way people do about news 
that a typhoon has struck 
Bangladesh and left a thou- 
sand people dead. Yes, it is a 
great tragedy. But what could 
anyone, much less any one of 
us, have done to prevent it? 

Most Kansans don't think 
the people at the top of the 

posedly sophisticated folks 
back East are getting so 
worked up about all of this: 

Bill Clinton is powerful. 
Power corrupts. Any more 
silly questions? 

Kansas is Republican to the 
core. Bob Dole country. But 
few people here believe that 

any president could rise to that 
level without raising a great 

national political ladder got 
there by being choir boys. Just 

there by being choir boys. Just 
who are the hayseeds here? 

My neighbors don’t like the 
way our elected leaders pay for 
their campaigns. But they also 
subscribe to a logic that seems 
so obvious they really don't 
understand why the sup- 

level without raismg a great 
deal of money in ways he 
wouldn’t want his mother to 

Reform? Sure. But who wil] 
reform a system controlled by 
people who got to the top by 
playing die game as it is now 
played? 4 ‘Who gets up to those 
positions without somebody 
owning them?” asks a man up 
the road in Concordia. “Fa- 

vors are exchanged up and 
down the line.” 

The banker down the street 
says be just can’t imagine how 
anyone could have any success 
in politics without talcing lots 
of money from people who will 
expect something in return. 

I always thought the Amer- 
ican people saw in Mr. Clinton 
a lovable rascal, a sort of baby- 
faced Rhett Butler. Rhett may 
have gotten his money from 
gambling and smuggling, but 
deep down was the kind of 
honor that surfaces whenever 
there Is a chance to toss a little 
kindness to the downtrodden. 

But the Kansans I talk to 
don't share my romanticized 
spin on the president. To them, 
he is just a successful example 
of someone in a line of work — 
perhaps in a nation — where 

success requires doing things 
we all used to see as slightly 
crooked. They cannot think of 
an exception to that rale, even 
their own Bob Dole, what with - 
his rich friends in the grain and 
wine businesses. 

Most Kansans did not vote 
for Bill Clinton. Their displeas- 
ure comes from how they per- 
. crave he has used his power — 
promoting abortion rights, fa- 
voring gun control, raismg our 
taxes — not from how he ac- 
quired it or held ontoiL 

People in Kansas have a 
word for a politician who 
won’t sell his soul to gain and 
hold power. Loser. . 

The writer is editorial page 
editor of The Salina Journal. 
He contributed this comment 
to The New York Times. 

Challenging Beijing Is Not the Way Forward for Hong Kong 

H ONG KONG — Tung 
Chee-hwa will be one of 
the most scrutinized politicians 
on the planet this year. On July 1 
be wifi succeed Britain's fast 
colonial governor, Chris Patten, 
and become the first chief ex- 
ecutive of the Hong Kong "Spe- 
cial Administrative Region.” 

Will this Hong Kong shipping 
magnate, whose business China 
once helped through troubled 
times, be able to stand up to 
Beijing? That is the most fre- 
quent question asked about him, 
the premise being that since 
people in Hong Kong enjoy 
more rights than people else- 
where in China, the key job of 
the new chief executive will be 
to fend off any attempted 
Chinese enroachments. 

But this analysis is flawed 
because of what it presupposes 
about Beijing and the most ef- 
fective way to deal with iL 
Hong Kong residents do en- 
joy a range of personal liberties 
that are almost up to the stan- 
dards of Western countries. A 
variety of media outlets, free ex- 
pression, some contested elec- 
tions, commercial freedoms. 

By Franklin L. Larin 

protection of private property, 
and religious freedoms are all 

and religious freedoms are all 
well established here. 

While freedoms have in- 

creased in China in the past 20 
years, much of the country is 
well behind the levels of liberty 
in Hong Kong. 

But the greatest mistake Mr. 
Tung could make would be 
public defiance of Beijing, or to 
interpret his position as one that 
requires public confrontation 
with Chinese authorities. 

China will grant wide tol- 
erance for Hong Kong's status 
only if Hong Kong does not 
seek to challenge Bejing's au- 
thority. Only if China feels se- 
cure in its sovereignty over 
Hong Kong will it tolerate the 
territory’s many differences in 
style and substance. 

Defiance of or confrontation 
with Beijing would acrually un- 
dercut Hong Kong's status. 
Once a difference between 
Hong Kong and Beijing moved 
into the public domain, the par- 
ticular issue at hand would fade 
in importance, because what 
would matter would be the ques- 
tion of primacy. Who is in con- 
trol, Beijing or Hong Kong? No 
political leader in any system 
would idly tolerate an open 
challenge from a regional politi- 
cian. least of all in China with its 
authoritarian government. 

Any changes that take place 
under the new government of 
Hong Kong will get a lot of 
attention. Many mil be either 
symbolic or stylistic, although 
some will be more serious, such 
as the recent moves to modify 
the territory’s Bill of Rights. 
But changes in that area were 
followed only weeks later by an 
announcement of almost com- 
plete continuity in the career 
civil service. 

Indeed, the largely untold 
story of 1997 wifi be one of 
continuity — about how most 
day-to-day life wifi go on under 
the Chinese just as it did under 
the British. 

In fact, if we look at the enor- 
mous political convulsions that 
take place elsewhere in the 
world when there is a transfer of 
sovereignty — such as on the 
West Bank or in Bosnia — the 
real story of political transfer in 
Hong Kong is not how much is 
being changed but how much 
stability there is. 

Yet some onlookers, includ- 
ing some members of the press, 
want to preemptively mug Mr. 
Tung by establishing im- 
possible standards of perfor- 
mance that would allow mem to 

Look Behind This Buzzword 

C AMBRIDGE, Massachu- 
setts — Still searching for 

Vx setts — Still searching for 
anew strategic vision after the 
collapse of Soviet commun- 
ism, some of the West’s 
brighter lights have seized on 
a theory hugely popular 
among political scientists: that 
democracies do not go to war 
against one another 

Says Professor Jack Levy 
of Rutgers University: The so- 
called democratic peace is 
"the closest thing we have to 
an empirical law in the study 
of international relations.” 

But when diplomats and 
leaders of democratic coun- 
tries open their mouths on the 
subject, they have an unset- 
tling way of turning a peaceful 
idea into a veiled threat. 

The most recent offender is 
Michael Portillo, the British 
defense minister. .After meet- 
ing last Monday with U.S. De- 
fense Secretary William Co- 
hen. Mr. Portillo explained 
why Russia should leam to 
stop worrying and love NATO 

“Perhaps the most impor- 
tant element of all in the new 
security architecture is the ex- 
istence of so many new demo- 
cratic countries, because 
democratic countries do not 
go to war with each other. 
Democratic countries do not 
invade one another.” 

But if democracies pose no 

By Garv J, Bass 

threat to one another, and Rus- 
sia is a democracy, what is the 
point of bringing the Czech 
Republic, Hungary and Po- 
land into NATO? Maybe we 
should instead be concentrat- 
ing on ensuring that Russia 
remains democratic. 

Or if Mr. Portillo reckons 
that Russia is not really a 
democracy and therefore 
might be' a threat to the 
fledgling democracies in Cen- 
tral Europe, mentioning the 
democratic peace serves only 
as a slap to the Russians rather 
than as a reassurance. 

In his 1 994 State of tbe Uni- 
on Message, President Bill 
Clinton declared: “Ulti- 
mately the belst strategy to en- 
sure our security and to build a 
durable peace is to support the 
advance of democracy else- 
where. Democracies don’t at- 
tack each other,” 

And at the height of the 
crisis in Haiti in 1 994. he ar- 
gued for military intervention, 
saying. "Democracies here 
are more likely to keep the 

Mr. Clinton had many good 
reasons for intervention: to 
protect Haitians from the bru- 
tality of the junta, to stop the 
rush of refugees and to honor 
his own campaign oratory. 

But it is hard to believe that he 
was acting because he feared 
that Haiti would become a 
military threat to the region. 

In the Mideast, the demo- 
cratic peace argument has 
been used as an insult to Is- 
rael’s undemocratic neigh- 
bors. In March 1995. when 
President Hosni Mubarak of 

declare him a failure or a 
lackey. So if he does not turn 
into a Thomas Jefferson, all 
hope is lost 

Such an analysis sees the role 
of the chief executive as a Lech 
Walesa or an Alexander Sol- 
zhenitsyn, someone who stands 
up to the central government 
and becomes a moral force 
through his courage. But the 
more apt analogy for Mr. Tung 
would be a quieter version of 
Mikhail Gorbachev or a Boris 
Yeltsin, someone who works 
within the system. 

Once Hong Kong is returned 
to China, it will become the 
country’s wealthiest, most open 
and most international pro- 
vince. Its small population of 
just over 6 million belies its 
economic strength. Hong Kong 
has greater exports than most 
European countries. Shouldn't 
the job of its chief executive be 
to draw on these successes and 
thus demonstrate the strength of 
the Hong Kong model? 

Some Americans like the the- 
atrical aspects of political con- 
frontation, easy enough in a sys- 
tem where people enjoy broad 
protections against political 
leaders. China has no such pro- 
tections and no such traditions, 
making it highly unrealistic for 
any leader in Hong Kong to 
publicly criticize Beijing. 

Indeed, it could be argued 
that any public defiance would 
play into the hands of Chinese 
hard-liners by giving them the 
excuse to push for a clampdown ■ 
in Hong Kong. 

Mr. Tung’s goal should not 
be to stand up to China, but to 
bring about a successful tran- 
sition. That means maintaining 
a vibrant economy, protecting 
confidence in Hong Kong, safe- 
guarding its uniqueness and 
fending off any initiatives that 

might undermine this status. He 
should be given tbe benefit of 
the doubt. How can we afford 
greater respect and even sym- 
pathy to others who worked 
within their systems for change 
and not accord some patience 
and respect for him? 

If he succeeds in adminis- 
tering Hong Kong well, he will 
have demonstrated to Beijing 
that a modem, open society can 
be run by Chinese, few: Chinese, 
without posing a threat to die 
Chinese government 

The test for Mr. Tung is not 
the extent to which he publicly 
defies Beijing, nor the extent 
to which he accommodates 
Beijing, although he wifi have 
critics and supporters who seek 
those paths. It will be tbe extent 
to which he quietly and per- 
sistently builds on Hong 
Kong's successes of open eco- 
nomic and political systems. 

Then he can show critics and 
supporters in Beijing, Washing- 
ton and elsewhere that such 
openness brings not only the 
best hope for material prosper- 
ity but also the best prospect 
for human happiness and so- 
cial stability. 


The writer, who lives in Hong 
Kong, was a deputy assistant i 
secretary in the UJS- Depart- 
ment of Commerce from 1991 to "V 
/ 993. He contributed this com- -j 

ment to the International Her- 
ald Tribune. . ; 

Letters intended for publi- 
cation should be addressed 
44 Letters to the Editor " and 
contain the writer's signature, 
name and fid! address. Letters 
should be brief and are subject 
to editing. We cannot be re- 
sponsible for the return of un- 
solicited manuscripts. 

Egypt was complaining about 
Israel's atomic arsenal, Shi- 

mon Peres, then Israel’s for- 
eign minister, responded: 
"The solution to the nuclear 
problem is democratization, 
since democratic countries do 
not use nuclear weapons 
against their neighbors.’ ’ 

Mr. Peres may be right, but 
he was really avoiding the is- 
sue. He implied tbai Egypt had 
no right to criticize Israel be- 
cause Egypt was an author- 
itarian country. 

The thought of a world 
where democracy brings 
peace is compelling. But die 
idea should not be used to hide 
other political motivations, to 
antagonize undemocratic re- 
gimes for the mere sake of 
doing so, or simply as an all- 
purpose buzzword. And it 
should not become an excuse 
for belligerence. 


1897: Powers in Accord tenninationnattobepresenLTbi 

PARIS — [The Herald says in an 
Editorial:] That Greece must 
yield to the demands of the Great 
Powers for the withdrawal of her 
forces from Crete is no longer a 
question of doubL B ut there must 
be no isolated action by the 
Powers. Prince Bismarck’s or- 
gan condemning the participa- 
tion of Germany is worthy of 
special attention, for the well- 
known effort of the yo ung Kaiser 
to drag Europe into extreme 
measures has not been benefi- 
cial. The Powers must act in per- 
fect harmony, so that Greece 
should have no justification for 
expecting countenance or secret 
support from any one of them. 

termination not to be present. Tbe 
reasons for the American refusal 
are: First, that the Conference 
is essentially political and that the 
U.S. regards tbe gathering as one 
in which European nations wifi 
settle internal differences. Se- 
cond, that the participation of 
Russia is premature since there 
is no assurance that its Govern- 
ment will respect property ri ghts 
or reduce its armed forces. 

1947: Security Fact 

1922: Genoa Refusal 

The writer, a fellow at Har- 
vard's Center for European 
Studies, contributed this com- 
ment to The New York Times. 

WASHINGTON — It was of- 
ficially announced here that any 
changes in the agenda of the 
Genoa Conference will not 
America to reconsider her de- 

BERLIN — Secretary of State 
George Marshall announced 
today [March 8] that tbe United 
States wifi urge the adoption, at 
the Moscow conference, of a 
four-power security pact of Ger- 
man demilitarization as a pre- 
liminary to the actual treaty- 
making with Austria- and Ger- 
many. An important effect of 
suchapacL he made clear, would 
be to _ allay mutual suspicion 
and give the Allies common 
ground to begin discussions. 

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I . . 

7op: Wat Mahatat at SukhothaL 
Above, top to bottom: a woman and 
child from northern Thailand ; the 
Mekong at Chiang Khan; scuba 
diving off the Similan Islands. 

Old Tales, Ncir Trails 

u-ith Thai Airwave I\n:R\Anov\i and the Tourism Ai mourn oi- Tu \u v\n 

" ' i 

ordered by Laos to the north 
and northeast, Cambodia to 

the east, Myanmar (Burma) to 
the wesL and Malaysia to the 
south. Thailand occupies a 
unique strategic position in 
^ -i ± ss =s >^ Southeast Asia. 

For more than a thousand 
years, this land of natural abundance and var- 
ied scenery has served as a meeting place for 
assorted cultures, while in modem times, it 
has managed to preserve both its indepen- 
dence and its treasured traditions. 

Today, more than ever a hub for 
regional travel, it continues to play 
a central role in the tourism indus- 
try as well as on the rapidly devel- 
oping business scene. 

The kingdom’s principal attrac- 
tions are well known to both 
tourists and business travelers. 

Bangkok, the gateway for most, is 
a vibrant modern metropolis of 
soaring skyscrapers, sophisticated 
shopping, entertainment, conven- 
tion centers and some of the 
world’s best hotels. At the same 
time, it retains much of its exotic 
appeal: dazzling Buddhist temples 
Mid royal palaces, a majestic river 
that flows through the city’s heart 
and teeming markets piled high 
with tempting bargains. 

Novel itineraries 
Outside the capital, a number of 
destinations have also been long 
established. SukhothaL the first 
independent Thai capital, and 
Ayutthaya, which ruled for four 
centuries, are designated as World 
Heritage Sites, and their imposing 
nrins rank high on any list of 
Asia's past splendors. Chiang Mai 
in the north, which last year celebrated its 
700th annivCTsary, is a major center of tradi- 
tional handicrafts and a popular base for 
exploring die beauties of the surrounding 
mountain scenery. Such seaside resorts as 
Pattaya and Hua Hin on the Gulf of Thailand 
and the island of Phuket in the Andaman Sea 
are internationally known for their scenic 
beaches, all kinds of water sports and accom- 
modations that meet almost any budget 

But Thailand - roughly the size of France 
offers other experiences that remain com- 
paratively unknown to the average visitor, 
ranging from unspoiled natural scenery to 
one-of-a-kind adventures. 

The northeast, for example, a rolling 
plateau that stretches to the Mekong River 
and occupies fully a third of the country’s 
total area. Figures on few travel itineraries, 
even though it boasts major archaeological 
sites (some going back to prehistoric times.), 
a very distinctive culture and proximity to 

I V i ♦ . ... 

J • /.-• ^ f • 

1 ■ * i ■ V . ' t V -. i 

L < i iUirL l ; , i ■/ t • • 

the just-opening countries of Indochina. 

Nature is another lure, especially to ecolo- 
gy-minded visitors from more developed 
parts of the world. Over 50 areas scattered 
throughout Thailand, in all four major 
regions, have been designated as national 
parks, with settings that range from rugged 
mountains to spectacularly beautiful sea- 
coasts and limestone islands. 

Convenient air services and an excellent 

national highway system now make it easy to 
explore the country’s richly varied flora 
( including more than 1 ,000 native orchids and 
some 500 species of trees) and wildlife (ele- 
phants, of course, as well as gibbons and 
nearly 1 ,000 different birds). 

Looking for adventure 
From far northern towns like Chiang Rai and 
Mae Hong Son, once regarded as remote out- 
posts, there are adventure rafting trips along 
rivers that wind through jungled hills, as well 
as treks to Mil-tribe villages rarely 
seen by outsiders until a few 
decades ago. 

Enthusiasts of sea and sun now 
have an equally broad range of 
choices. Making their base at either 
Phuket or Krabi - both of which 
offer five-star resorts as well as 
budget-priced bungalows - they 
can venture out to discover the pris- 
tine Similan Islands, about 100 
kilometers (60 miles) away in the 
Andaman Sea, or, nearer at hand, 
the 400-square-kiIoraeter Pangnga 
Bay National Park, with its surreal- 
istic seascape of countless islands 
large and small rising 300 meters or 
more from the sea. 

Marine sports include scuba div- 
ing in crystal-clear water (the large- 
ly uninhabited Similans offer some 
30 sites, ranked by experienced 
divers as among the best in the 
world), chartered yacht cruises, 
3 deep-sea fishing and trips in eco- 
| friendly sea canoes into magical, 
5 half-submerged caves adorned with 
| dramatic stalactites. 

| Other seaside destinations that 
o have emerged in relatively recent 
years are Koh Samui in the Gulf, 
which already has a considerable range of 
accommodations, and the more remote Koh 
Chang, one of the least visited marine nation- 
al parks off the coast of Tral province near the 
Cambodian border. 

Ever-changing in some respects, timeless in 
many others, Thailand has something to offer 
just about every kind of traveler - even those 
who think they've seen it all. 

William Warren 

Top to bottom : prehistoric relics 
from Ban Chiang; women in 
traditional dress; a beach in the 
Similan Islands. Center: the 
Mekong at Chiang Saeru 

Creatures and Creations: Little-Known Treasures of the Northeast 



I n 1955, King Bhumibol Adulyadej and 
Queen SiriLit made a lengthy tour of the 
northeastern provinces, the first time a ruling 
monarch haa ever visited what was then a 
remote region, popularly known as Isan and 
historically the poorest in the kingdom. 

This pioneering trip gave the royal couple 
a rare opportunity to meet and talk with 
some of their neediest subjects and marked the begin- 
ning of the concern for rural development that has 
become a major hallmark of the king’s 50-year reign. At 
the same time, it gave the people of Isan a chance to 
show their devotion to the monarchy and perhaps pro- 
vided some hope that their long experience of general 

neslect might be nearing an end. 

Though one-third of all Thais live in the 17 provinces 
of the northeast, it is undoubtedly the least known of toe 
country’s regions to outsiders - the “white patch on the 
map of Thailand,” as one writer has described it 
At least part of toe reason was inaccessibility. A rail- 
u/nv line reached Nakhon Rarchasima (also known by 
its former name, Korat) in 1900, but it went no farther 

Right: a Thai wall painting. 

until 1926, when it reached Ubon Raichatoani; not until 
1955 was it extended to Nong Xhai on the Mekong. 

As late as the early 1960s, there were few paved 
roads and almost no accommodations for tourists. Even 
Thais from other regions seldom ventured into Isan, 
though they often praised its spicy cuisine, which could 
be sampled in Bangkok restaurants catering to itinerant 
Isan workers. 

Gradually, however, thin gs began to improve. An 
extensive network of all-weather highways was built, 
some by the U.S. military, which had bases in the region 
during the Vietnam War. Flights began to increase as 
provincial capitals increased in prosperity, attracting 
business travelers. 

Today, all toe major northeastern towns are linked by 
good roads, a new bridge across the Mekong into Laos 
has been built at Nong Khai and tourists are beginning 
to discover some of Isan's long-hidden treasures. 

Prominent among these are the remains of one of the 
world’s most fascinating prehis- 
toric cultures, discovered in 
the 1960s, as well as the 

finest collection of Khmer temples outside of 

The region can also boast some of toe country’s most 
beautiful national parks. Khao Yai - now within a few 
hours’ drive of Bangkok — covers more than 2,000 
square kilometers (770 square miles) and shelters sev- 
eral hundred of the last wild elephants still to be seen in 
Thailand, while the more northerly Fhu Kradung, in 
Loei province, is centered around a lofty mountain 
crowned by 60 square kilometers of temperate-zone 
trees and wildflowers. (Loei is also borne to one of 
Thailand’s first commercial vineyards, which markets 
its products under the label Chateau de Loei). 

Perhaps Isan’s greatest asset is its people. Famously 
independent fit is no accident that many of Thailand’s 
most outspoken writers and politicians have come from 
the region), they are accustomed to a life that is seldom 
easy, yet they are noted for their hospitality and love of 
fun. TTiis is nowhere more evident than at such festivals 
as toe Elephant Roundup, staged every November 
in Surin, and boon bang fed. or rocket festi- 
vals, held in several provinces during 

May, just before the annual rice planting. More solemn, 
but no less colorful, is toe Candle Festival at toe begin- 
ning of Buddhist Lent in Ubon Ratchatoani, when huge, 
locally carved candles are paraded proudly through the 

No longer isolated, no longer ignored by the authori- 
ties, the northeast is now becoming a center of pur- 
poseful activity - “the region of the fijture,” as one offi- 
cial recently termed it in a discussion of toe role it is 
likely to play in trade with neighboring countries in 
Southeast Asia. For increasing numbers of ordinary vis- 
itors in search of new trails to explore, toe future has 
already arrived W.W. 


was produced inits entirety by. the Advertising Dep a rtm e nt of 
the International Herald Tribune. It was sponsored by Then 
Airways International and die. Tourism Authority of Thailand. 

. Writers: John Hoskin and William Warren, . 
both based in Bangkok. 

Program Director: Bill Mahder . 



The Mekong Runs Through It 


.V •• . 

• . . • 

.*■ -r 

The Mekong region, with a variety 
of landscapes and distinct cultures, 
is now more accessible to visitors 
than ever. Top to bottom: the 
Mekong at Nong Khai; rapids at 
Ubon Ratchathani ; a farm in 
Jinghong, in the southern Chinese 
province of Yunnan ; mahouts 
washing their elephants. 

new agency set up 
in January 1997 by 
s? the Tourism Au- 

h % thority of Thailand 

will effectively be- 
f '[ come a secretariat 

=.a..^a Jslem for tourism devel- 
opment in the 
Greater Mekong Subregion. The cre- 
ation of the Agency for Coordinating 
Mekong Tourism Activities is an indi- 
cator of Thailand's leading role in pro- 
moting what has been dubbed “Smith- 
east Asia's last tourism frontier.” 

Broadly defined by the passage of 
the Mekong, the Greater Mekong 
Subregion is spread over six countries: 
Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar 
(Burma). Vietnam and the Yunnan 
province of China. Covering some 23 
million square kilometers (888.000 
square miles), the area encompasses 
an extraordinary wealth of natural and 
historical wonders that, because of a 
troubled past, have been mostly closed 
to die traveler until now. 

Today, in a climate of growing eco- 
nomic cooperation and political stabil- 
ity, the Greater Mekong Subregion is 
opening up to tourism. Working in 
conjunction with the United Nations 
Economic and Social Commission for 
Asia and the Pacific, as well as the 
Asian Development Bank, the tourism 
authorities of the six Mekong coun- 
tries have identified 30 “Jewels of the 
Mekong,” sites of exceptional scenic, 
historical and cultural interest such as 
the ancient ruins of Angkor in 
Cambodia; Luang Prabang, the 
exquisite former royal capital of Laos; 
the prehistoric excavation site of Ban 
Chiang in northeast Thailand; and 
Vietnam’s picturesque Ha Long Bay. 

Historically, the Mekong has been 
the main lifeline linking the Indo- 

chinese peninsula. Along its banks 
have arisen the major civilizations that 
shaped the history' of Southeast Asia, 
while the river itself has sustained 
remarkably diverse peoples who pre- 
serve distinct cultures. And because 
the Mekong has been little explored or 
exploited, all remains pristine. 

A base for exploration 
Among the Mekong countries, Thai- 
land offers the most convenient gate- 
way and base for exploring the region. 
Located in the heart of the area and 
boasting a long-established and highly 
developed tourism infrastructure, 
Thailand has direct air links to all parts 
of the world, while flights from 
Bangkok afford easy access to the 
major cities of the other five Mekong 
countries- Road and river communica- 
tions are being rapidly expanded to 

provide a choice of transport that 
greatly enhances touring options. 

It is possible, for example, to enter 
Laos via the Friendship Bridge, which 
spans the Mekong at Nong Khai in 
northern Thailand. Both Luang Rra- 
bang in Laos and Jinghong in Yunnan 
can be reached by boat along the 
Mekong from Chiang Saen in northern 
Thailand, and there is a northern land 
crossing into Myanmar. Flight, con- 
nections between provincial towns 
allow for multi-destination itineraries 
that do not demand repeated transit via 

Tour companies are now taking ad- 
vantage of these travel options to offer 
a wide choice of programs, and. while 
Thailand itself offers the best hotels, 
restaurants and shopping, die stan- 
dards of accommodation and other 
facilities are now fast improving 
throughout the Greater Mekong 
Subregion. John Hoskm 

Indochinese lifeline 
The world’s 1 0th largest and 12th 
longest river at 4,200 kilometers 
(2,600 miles), the Mekong rises in the 
high Tibetan plateau and flows south 
through the rugged terrain of China's 
Yunnan province before forming the 
bonder between Myanmar and Laos 
and then touching northern Thailand at 
the Golden Triangle. The river next 
Dims east into Laos, passing both 
Luang Prabang and the present-day 
capital of Vientiane, and then makes a 
broad curve that defines the frontier 
between northeast Thailand and cen- 
tral and southern Laos. After crashing 
over the Khone Falls, the largest barri- 
er on the river, the Mekong . flows 
south through Cambodia, skirting 
Phnom Penh, to enter southern 
Vietnam, where it forms a classic delta 
as it finally joins the South China Sea. 

O ne of the world’s 
least developed 

Vyieast developed 
rivers, the Mekong 
flows largely through 
untamed countryside 
that is often difficult to 
reach except by boat 

In northeast Thailand, 
however, the Mekong’s 
banks are paralleled by 
a road for several hun- 
dred kilometers, afford- 
ing a scenic route for 
touring by car. A two- 
day journey, allowing 
for stops, between Loei 
and Ubon Ratchathani 
covers the entire pas- 
sage through Thailand. 

The river first joins 
the northeastern border 

near Chiang Khan in 
Loei province. A typical 
rural riverine settle- 
ment, it is remarkable 
purely for its fine views 
of the Mekong. From 
Chiang Khan, the road 
follows the river east- 
ward toward Nong 
| Khai. The forested hills 
I of Loei are reflected 
| across the valley in the 
even more verdant 
mountains of Laos. 

Nong Khai, site of the 
Friendship Bridge, the 
first and so far only 
span across the Mekong 
outside of China, is one 
of the most charming 
towns on the Thai side 
and a traditional cross- 
ing point into Laos. It is 
pleasant to stop here 
and take a meal in a 
riverside restaurant, 
although two or three 
venerable temples are 
also worth visiting. 

Downstream from 
Nong Khai. the 
Mekong flows first 
northeast, then south for 
its long Tun down Thai- 
land's eastern edge. 

This is one of the broad- 
est sections of the entire 
Mekong valley; in 
parts, the river reaches a 
width of more than a 
kilometer (0.6 miles). 

About 50 kilometers 
south of Nahkon Pha- 
nom. the next town of 
note, lies Wat That Pha- 
nom, one of the most 
revered shrines along 
the Mekong. The road 
continues downstream 
past the town of Muk- 
dahan and the sleepy 
village of Khemmarat, 
then turns its back on 
the river. A drive south- 
west, however, leads to 
Ubon Ratchathani, 
from which it is possi- 
ble to follow the Mun 
tributary to a spot 
known as Two-Color 
River, where the clearer 
water of the Mun meets 
the mud-brown Me- 
kong. Prehistoric rock 
paintings on the cliff of 
Pha Taem add a last 
touch of wonder as the 
river turns away from 
Thailand and heads into 
Laos. JJBL 

E very major 
Thai city has 
its modem 
where shop- 
ping can be 
enjoyed in 
tioned comfort. 

But for an experience 
that combines die thrill of 
discovering a bargain with 
a close-up glimpse of local 
culture, nothing can equal 
a few hours spent explor- 
ing the multifaceted 
delights of a real market- 

Bangkok offers dozens. 
Some of them have only a 
few vendors along a public 
sidewalk, while others are 
vast, permanent affairs that 
attract regular crowds. The 
largest by far - probably 
the largest in Asia, as a 
matter of fact - is the 
Weekend Market held at 
Chatuchak Park, just off 
the road leading to Don 
Muang International Air- 

Here, on some 30 acres 
(12 hectares) of land, over 
5.000 stall holders open for 
business early Saturday 
morning, continuing until 
the last customer straggles 
out on Sunday evening. 

Just about everything 
made or grown in Thailand 
can be found, along with 
many imports. There are 
basic household items, of 
course, as well as the 
whole range of local foods, 
but that’s only the begin- 
ning. There are also 

antiques, furniture, ceram- 
ics, clothing, musical 
instruments, ornamental 
plants, pets, leather goods 
and children’s toys - to 
mention only a few of the 
countless categories. 

Another market .worth a 
discovery tour is Sampeng 
in the heart of Chinatown. 
Dating back to Bangkok’s 
earliest days, the narrow 
lane is lined with shops 
selling everything from 
buttons and gold chains to 
traditional cooking equip- 
ment and favors for wed- 

ding receptions. 

Nancy Chandler's 
“Market Map of Bang- 
kok.” available at most 
bookshops, is a useful 
guide to these and other, 
less- well-known places in 
the capital. 

A similar focal point for 
shoppers in the northern 
city of Chiang Mai is the 
Night Bazaar, which began 
as a few open-air stalls on a 
vacant lot and is now 
housed in a covered com- 
plex with several levels. 
Chiang Mai is the main 
center of northern crafts, 
and most of them can be 
found hoe: lacquer and sil- 
verware, brocaded silks 
and cottons, splendid 
woodcarvings and hand- 
painted umbrellas - a 
selection sure eo require an 
extra bag for the trip home. 

Markets are an integral 
part ofThai life, and wher- " 
ever you find yourself in 

the country there’s likely to 
be one, frill of surprises 
and temptations. 


* • W .. • 

* T.Jt- 'V 

While modem shopping centers are everywhere, 
markets provide a better glimpse of local culture. 

Ancient Witnesses: Pottery and Temples 

Relics of an advanced prehistoric culture and the finest examples of Khmer architecture outside of Cambodia recount the northeast’s fascinating past. 

I n the summer of 1966, an American student named Stephen Young, 
the son of a former U.S. ambassador to Thailand, happened to pass 
through an obscure hamlet called Ban Chiang in the northeastern 
province of Udon Thani. Among the debris piled up along the sides 
of a road under construction, Mr. Young noticed some unusual pot- 
tery shards, buff-colored and adorned with bold, swirling red 

Such shards had been noticed before but had aroused little 
interest This time, however, Mr. Young brought some back to 
Bangkok, and from there they eventually went to an American muse- 
um tor scientific dating. 

Thus, quite accidentally, began one of the most exciting chapters in con- 
temporary archaeology. 

Later excavations by the Thai Fine Aits Department and the University of 
Pennsylvania revealed that an extraordinary prehistoric culture, going back 
to nearly 4000 B.C., had flourished on the northeastern plateau. Among its 

achievements were sophisticated 
^ ^ bronze metallurgy as well as rice 

cultivation, fine pottery and possi- 
bly even textiles. 

Indeed, some of the archaeolo- 
wor ^ ec ^ on s ' te 
became convinced that the so- 

called Ban Chiang culture ranks 
as an authentic “cradle of civi- 

- - 

lization.’’ thus challenging tra- 
ditional assumptions of a 
gradual spread from the 
Middle East to Asia. 

The findings are still 
incomplete, and many tanta- 
lizing mysteries remain about 
the people of Ban Chiang. in 
particular, where they came 
from and where they eventual- 
ly went when the culture dis- 
appeared from the region 
L _ around AD. 500. 

Enough is known, 

: however, to dispel 

old theories that 
Southeast Asia 

was a “cultural backwater" and also to add a flavor of romance to the pre- 
sent-day village, where a modem museum now houses a representative 
sampling of its long-hidden secrets. 

Among the archaeological treasures of the northeast are other remains 
that reflect a later, more spectacular period of its history. 

Between the ninth and 14th centuries, the area was an important center of 
Khmer culture whose power and influence extended over much of contem- 
porary Thailand. 

The great sanctuary of Prasat Hin Phimai, for instance, not far from the 
provincial capital of Nakhon Ratchasima. was linked by a direct road to 
Angkor and is regarded as one of the finest examples of classical Khmer 

An early 12th-century monument built in the style of Angkor Wat, it was 
restored under the direction of Bernard Groslier. who had previously been 
responsible for conservation work in Cambodia. Nearby is the Phimai 
National Museum, which opened in 1993 and displays a wide variety of art 
objects, Thai as well as Khmer, found in the region. 

Another notable relic of the Khmer era is Prasat Phanora Rung, scenical- 
ly situated atop a wooded hill in Buriram province, near the Dongrek 
Mountains along the Cambodian frontier. It has been carefully restored over 
a period of 17 years by the Fine Arts Department and is approached bv a 
splendid 200-meter-long (660-foot) avenue leading up a senes of terraces 

The complex is adorned with beautiful stone figures and friezes, one of 
which - stolen m the 1960s - was retrieved from an American museum 

east, especially in Nakhon Ratchasima, Buriram, Surin and Sisaket 
provinces. Until Cambodia itself becomes readily accessible, they offer the 
best opportunity to view Khmer artistry outside a museum. 

Most of the provincial capitals now have good hotels, providing a base 

for leisurely exploration of the surrounding sites. W.W 

Pottery from the so-called Ban Chiang culture , which flourished on the Thai northeastern 
plateau from about 4000 B.C. to AJ). 500. 

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I sponsored section international herald tribune 

/ ng : Frugal and Adventurous 


SSP ., admire rs of 
Thailand s cuisine, es- 

fj pecially those who 
D 5 av ? acquired a taste 
for its subtle flavors at 
one of the numerous 
restaurants that now 

offer it in almost everv 
; Prajorcity of the world, may not S 
ize that it vanes considerably from 

?! “ veT ? different from 

reflects the fact that life in the region, 
known as Isan, has traditionally been 
difficult encouraging frugality as 
well as an adventurous spirit when it 
comes to certain ingredients. 

“Isan people eat anything,” 
Bangkok residents are apt to remark, 
and so it may seem to finicky out- 
siders invited to a meal in one of the 
more remote hamlets. Fried grub 
worms or grasshoppers may" be 

one in the south, and nowhere ifS a f ° r a V*" ° r ^ {ha P s toasted 

j- _ ■ V ere UlC an| 0goc cnflil r.iifTv nr n 

cooldug more distinctive than in the 
Dorl ^ast where influences from 

To a degree, northeastern food 

ant eggs, snail curry or a fermented 
fish of exceptional pungency. Chili 
peppers are also used more lavishly 
than almost anywhere else in the 
country, no doubt to enliven what 
might be bland dishes. 

But such exotica is actually the 
exception rather than the rule, espe- 
cially in larger communities. 

Indeed, more and more, one is like- 
ly to hear connoisseurs of Thai cui- 
sine proclaiming that Isan fare is the 
best in the country, the true test of a 
cook’s skill. Typical northeastern 
dishes, once confined in Bangkok to 
out-of-the-way street-side shops, are 
now to be found on the menus of the 
smartest restaurants. The dishes are 
praised for their delicate balance of 
hot and sweet, sour and salty. 

Som lam (green papaya salad) is a 
specialty of the region, as are barbe- 
cued chicken with a special hot sauce, 
laab (spicy minced pork or chicken). 

hor mok (fish with curry paste, 
steamed in a banana leaf) and catfish 
cuiry. Glutinous rice is the staple, as it 
is in Laos, and typical Lao herbs such 
as dill often turn up as a garnish. 
Another popular dish of Lao origin is 
khanom buang , a thin crispy crepe 
sniffed with dried shrimp, bean 
sprouts and other ingredients, which 
requires considerable skill to prepare 
properly and is mainly served on spe- 
cial occasions. 

Traveling through the northeast is 
bound to be a revelation for any seri- 
ous gourmet, even those who think 
they already have considerable 
knowledge of Thai cooking. 


Northeastern cuisine: Laotian and Cambodian influences. 

On Broadway and 
In the Royal Palace 


v '"~rr>u: 

. '«r. 

I n 1951, when “The King 
Mid I” first opened on 
Broadway, audiences 
applauded not only the 
memorable music and the 
performers but also the 
sumptuous costumes cre- 
v _ _ ated hy designer Irene 

m Snarafr. Few of them, it is safe to 
say, could have guessed that much 
of the shimmering material used 
had been woven by i hand in a sleepy 
northeastern Thai village called Pak 
Thong Chai. 

Silk has long been a leading 
handicraft of the northeast. It was 
the favored material for high offi- 
cials of the royal court, and many of 
the most prized pieces were woven 
there. The tradition persisted even 
after imported textiles became 
more stylish among Bangkok's elite 
in the early 20th century. Countless 
Isan villages continued to raise the 
tiny worms and spin the thread that 
was transformed into lustrous 
lengths for special occasions. 

Weaving techniques were passed 
down from generation to genera- 
tion. Girls learned them from a veiy 
early age, and each was expected to 
produce at least two superior pieces 
by the time she reached the age of 
marriage: one as part of her own 
wedding outfit and one to present to 
her future husband. 

Just after Worid War II, when an 
American named Jim Thompson 
set about reviving the almost mori- 
bund Thai silk industry, he natural- 
ly turned to the northeast for many 
of his weavers. An important center 
was at Pak Thong Chai. not far 
from the provincial capital of Na- 
khon Raichasima, and it was here 
that most of the material for “The 
King and F was produced under his 
supervision. Mr. Thompson myste- 
riously disappeared in 1967 while 
on a holiday in northern Malaysia, 
but the company he founded still 
operates a hand-weaving factory 
near the village - the largest such 
facility in the worid. 

Found throughout the northeast 
today, silk is a major attraction for 
visitors. Look in particular for a 
type known locally as mud-mee, a 
tie-dye ikat weave with wonderful- 
ly subtle patterns. Queen Sirikil 
noticed the beauty of mud-mee on 
the pioneering trip she and King 
Bhumibo! Adulyadej made to Isan 
in 1 955. She has since used it exten- 
sively in her own wardrobe and 
actively encouraged increased pro- 
duction under her foundation for 
the Promotion of Supplementary 
Occupations and Related Tech- 
niques (SUPPORT), which has 
training centers in several 
provinces. W.W. 

Ay, There’s the Hub 

Thailand has what it takes to take care of business. 



Elephants Find a Home 

D o cars yield to 
elephants or 
vice versa? The 
answer is not to 
be found in the 
highway code, 
but the question 
often puzzles 
Bangkok motorists since unem- 
ployed elephants have been stray- 
ing into city streets in recent years 
in search of food and work. 

Their keepers, or mahouts, bring 
them into the city to earn money by 
getting passersby to pay for a bit of 
food to give to the animals or for 
the chance to walk underneath 
them, which is thought to bring 
good luck. 

The sad fact is that with Thai- 
land's dwindling forest cover, 
which prompted a logging ban in 
1989, work elephants are simply 
out of a job. The economic boom 
that has brought unprecedented 
prosperity to the cities has not yet 
filtered down to the countryside. 

The population of wild elephants 
in the country is estimated at 2,000, 
down from 30,000 in the 1960s, 
while the number of domesticated 
animals is reckoned to be between 
3.500 to 4.000, compared with 
1 1,000 thirty years ago. Nearly half 
the latter are without gainful 


Fortunately, a haven for the hapless 
pachyderms now exists, thanks to 
Thai Airways International (THAI). 
In what must be a unique venture in 
the world of civil aviation, the 
national carrier has joined with the 
northeastern province of Surin to 
establish a center where elephants 
can find a new lease on life 
Known as THATs Jumbo Milage 
and located near the town of Baan 
Tha Klang, the project is appropri- 
ately sited in an area long renowned 
for its elq>hant herds. The Suay 
people who live there are skilled in 
elephant training. The idea behind 
THAl's initiative is to serve the 
dual purpose of conservation and 
community development, and the 
project has four distinct goals: to 
provide necessary care for the ele- 
phants, to improve natural condi- 
tions in the Surin forest area by 

Women wearing wraps made of the silk fabric called pa bieng, woven 
using die teen jok technique. 

expanding food and water supplies, 
to create job opportunities for the 
local people and to boost public 
awareness of the animals and the 
need for their conservation. 

b We realize the urgency and need 
to return these animals to their nat- 
ural habitat," says Thamnoon 
Wanglee, president of THAL “We 
also want to prepare Baan Tha 
Klang to be one of Thailand's com- 
munities dedicated to conserving 
the elephant population. Hopefully, 
we will achieve our objective of 
establishing an appropriate system 
to conserve Asian elephants.” 

Priority task: provide water 
Jumbo Village occupies an area of 
1,600 hectares (4,000 acres) and is 
located 3 kilometers (1.8 miles) 
north of Baan Tha Klang in a dis- 
trict where there is a shifting popu- 
lation of between 100 and 200 ele- 
phants. Both animals and villagers 
m the area have until now suffered 
from a lack of a dependable year- 
round water supply. Accordingly, 
the project's initial task was to 
expand an existing reservoir and 
provide villagers with water tanks, 
pumps and feeding pipes. 

THAI is now setting up a founda- 
tion to manage Jumbo Village and 
ensure funds for its ongoing opera- 
tion. Implementation of the founda- 
tion is to be divided into two phas- 
es, the first of which will see the 
establishment of an Education 
Center. The center will serve as the 
focal point for the dissemination of 
information on elephants, and it is 
intended to promote a new 
approach to elephant conservation. 

The second phase of the project 
will set up an elephant feeding area, 
entailing fencing land and cultivat- 
ing suitable crops to supply fodder 
as well as to rejuvenate degraded 
forest land. Also included in the 
second phase will be the construc- 
tion of a fully equipped veterinary 
center capable of providing emer- 
gency treatment for elephants in 
Surin and nearby provinces. 

Once Jumbo Village becomes 
established as a central elephant 
reserve, THAI hopes to expand the 
scope of the project beyond Surin, 
even to other countries with signifi- 
cant elephant populations. JJL 

T hailand’s eco- 
nomic boom of 
the late 1980s 
and early 1990s 
has made Bang- 
kok and the 
country as a 
whole not just a 
place to do business, but also an 
easier place to do business. 
Whether for traveling executives 
or delegates at international con- 
ventions, facilities for getting 
down to successful business 
make Thailand one of today’s 
most attractive commercial cen- 
ters in Southeast Asia. 

Situated in the 
heart of the region, r* 

roughly midway 
between India and 
China. Thailand’s ' * 
central location has 
become even more 
important in recent 
years with the open- 
Lng up of markets in 
Southeast Asia and 
the Greater Mekong 
Subregion. jyj j fc 

If business is to be 
done in Indoc hina, B pMay j g 
Thailand is the prin- 
cipai gateway. 

Enhancing the The Queen 
geographical advan- convention 
tage is Bangkok’s Bangkok. 
role as the region s 
aviation hub. Served 
by virtually all of the world’s 
major airlines, the Thai capital is 
readily accessible from all parts 
of the globe. 

In addition, national carrier 
Thai Airways International oper- 
ates more flights to more region- 
al destinations than any other 
airline, offering the most con- 
venient connections between 
Europe and the markets of 
Southeast Asia. 

On the ground, transportation 
options are also becoming 
increasingly developed. Once 
the Greater Mekong Subregion 
is opened up, for example, it will 
be possible to drive all the way 
from Bangkok to southern China 
- an opportunity that regional 
rivals cannot match. 

In Bangkok, two mass-transit 
rail systems are due for partial 
completion in 1998, when die 
city will host the Asian Games, 
while some $15 trillion has been 
earmarked for further express- 
way construction. Within Thai- 
land, road, rail and air links put 
every part of the country within 
easy reach of the capital. 

Long sustaining a burgeoning 
tourism industry, Thailand can 

claim some of the best hotels in 
the worid. and the choice contin- 
ues to expand. 

Quality is not the only factor, 
quantity has the advantage of 
keeping prices extremely com- 
petitive and affording a wider 
choice of location. 

Quality and choice 
Bangkok hotels can now be 
found outside the traditional 
downtown areas, and first-class 
accommodation is increasingly 
being made available in newly 
emerging parts of the city, espe- 
cially along Srinakarin, Ratcha- 
dapisek and Petch- 
bun roads. 

Recent hotel 

' development is also 

i 7^8 placing greater 

A ; ‘ ^ emphasis on the 

J^L~ business traveler. 

One newly opened 
* property, for exam- 
pie, offers all-suite 
with separate sleep- 
T” ^ lr P B' ang and lounge/ 

s^^ : li workin g areas * p ,us 

gin-room fax, voice 
data P° rt Mid 

line, and other 
Sirtidt interactive ameni- 

center in ties. Such executive 
facilities are further 
paralleled in the 
growth of serviced 
apartments designed for the 
long-stay business traveler. 

Convention and conference 
facilities at major hotels are 
complemented by independent 
venues that, again, are expand- 
ing. In September 1997, 
Bangkok’s current top spot. 
Queen Sirikit International Con- 
vention Center, will be joined by 
the Bangkok International Trade 
and Exhibition Center. The 
largest facility of its kind in 
Southeast Asia, the center will 
boast a main hall offering 
215,000 square feet (20,000 
square meters) of column-free 

Outside the capita] 

Bangkok does not have a 
monopoly on the convention 
market, and among other desti- 
nations, the island resort of 
Phuket and the northern capital 
of Chiang Mai are ideal for small 
or medium-sized meetings and 
seminars. The standard of facili- 
ties is good, although the big 
plus is a relaxing atmosphere 
that is a welcome change from 
the usual corporate environment 


A Thai Cultural Icon 

The elephant has figured prominently in the kingdom’s cultural and economic life. 

T hailand's shape has often been 
likened to that of an elephant’s head, 
the trunk formed by the long, slen- 
der peninsula leading to Malaysia. 
The comparison is an apt one, for 
certainly no other animal has fig- 
ured more prominently in the king- 
dom’s cultural and economic life. 
Thousands of wild elephants once roamed the 
forests of Thailand, especially in the norttoi^ and 
from the earliest days they were captured, tamed and 
uses One of the most 

warfare During a mid- 16th century clash between 

™ -4 •WASTES? iSFS 

S^fh’arge in the front line. at -**£*1* 
in the battle Somewhat later, in 1592. one oirne 
mcsTfamous battles in TU 

SStnd thus saved his kingdom’s tndepen- 

by higher-ranidng memfc^of ^' u “ eIe _ 

"TiSdS identified with royalty, and 
pbants became closely for ^ favontes . a 

raler w^Ayutthaya in 1596 described 
& r opeanjns^ to Ay^' a jB ^ cdjton, and 
their treatment, txnv fogs. lS ^ 

they slept on it made for elephants 

assK!SwS-*- ,,n ““'' 

very large bowls eapital. by which 

*£Tft£SS&** had eIephants 

remained a potent symbol of power. In response to a 
gift from President James Buchanan of the United 
Stales, King Mongkut (Rama IV) wrote a letter 
offering a supply of the animals, which he suggest- 
ed could be set loose and allowed to multiply. By the 
time the letter arrived, the presidency had passed to 
Abraham Lincoln, who, then in the midst of the 
Civil War, politely declined, since “our political 
jurisdiction . . . does not reach a latitude so low as to 
favor the multiplication of the elephant” 

By the end of the 19th century, most domesticated 
elephants were being employed in the teak forests of 
the far north. Around 20,000 were at work around 
the Chiang Mai area alone in 1900, and there were 
an estimated 100,000 in the whole country. More 
efficiently than any machine ever devised, they 
dragged the huge logs down to the river banks, 
where they were floated downstream to the sawmills 
of distant Bangkok. 

Pale trunks and party manners 
From the earliest days, the celebrated White 
Elephant enjoyed a special symbolic role. Wars were 
fought over these rare animals, statues erected to 
their memory, and rulers judged by the numbers they 
possessed. Until 1917, the national flag of Thailand 
(or Siam, as it was then known) displayed a noble 
white elephant against a brilliant red background. 

Actually, as more than one foreign visitors has 
pointed out, the adjective is misleading. While some 
might be conspicuously pale, others, to the untrained 
eye, look veiy much like ordinary elephants. To 
qualify for the title and the honor it kings, an animal 
must pass a complex series of tests laid down by 
ancient Brahmans that cover everything from color 
to demeanor - its snoring, for instance, should not be 
noisy but “should emit me pleasant sounds of classi- 
cal Thai musical instruments.” 

By tradition, all such elephants found become the 

king's exclusive property, main- J R* Hi 
tained in comfortable stables 9 a •*** « 
within the palace compound % W * 

and fed a special diet of delica- • - 

cies. The present ruler has had A 

1 7, the most of any Thai king KfeV* •* - 
in history. 

Today, the number of 
wild elephants in . 

Thailand has shrunk to 
an estimated 2,000 - 
the biggest population 

within a national park, " ^ja 

in Khao Yai, is some 200 

- and there are between 

3,500 and 4,000 domesticated jBrfef 

ones. A ban on logging has 

ended their once-essential 

work in the northern forests, 

though there is still a train- 

mg camp for young ele- 

phants in Lampang 

Most of the other tame 
elephants and their 
mahouts, or trainers, now 
earn a living by carrying 
visitors on adventure trips 
through the jungle or taking 
part in such events as the 
Surin Elephant Roundup; some 
even turn up on the streets of Bangkok, where 
they can be seen plodding with forlorn dignity 
through the traffic. 

But even tho ugh its work role has diminished, the 
great animal continues to be a highly _ significant 
Thai icon, a living reminder of past glories as well 
as of the urgent need for conservation of those 
that remain . W.W* 

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You Make the Choices 

Royal Orchid Holidays gives travelers flexibility and handles the details. 

i j 

Among THAI’S measures to main- 
tain competitiveness are purchases 
of new B747-400s, introduction of 
in-seat videos and a wider selection 
of in-flight meals. 

T he flexibility of 
travel combined 
with the eco- 
nomical price of 
a package tour is 
the secret of 
success behind 
Thai Airway International's 
(THAI) Royal Orchid Holidays. 
Now in its 28th year, the pro- 
gram covers die airline's entire 
route network and attracts 
around 200.000 vacationers 
ann uall y. 

"We are accepted as a quality 
worldwide package program 
offering upmarket clients a very 
attractive price, even if it isn’t 
the cheapest service,” says 
Sunisa Shuntikul, director of 
Royal Orchid Holidays. 

The original concept dates 
back to the 1960s, when THAI 
concluded that many of Asia’s 
most interesting and unusual 
attractions were not being mar- 
keted effectively. What was 
needed, it was thought, was a 
reliable system whereby travel- 
ers could make all arrangements 
for hotels, transportation, sight- 
seeing and so forth, just as it 
suited them, in all the stops on 
their itinerary. The outcome was 
a holiday program sold in con- 
junction with THAl’s Royal 
first. Royal Executive and 
Economy class tickets. Travelers 
fly where they choose, on sched- 
uled flights, and there is no ques- 
tion of having to travel and stay 
with the same group throughout 
a multi-destination itinerary. 

When the program was 
launched in 1969, 12 tour plans 
were offered; currently, passen- 
gers can chose from hundreds of 
different holidays, mini-breaks. 

options and extensions in 21 
countries. In addition, brief city 
stopovers cover 30 countries. 

Thailand is naturally a top 
choice, and the holiday program 
takes hill advantage of the wide 
scope of multifaceted destina- 
tions available. 

Thailand and Indochina 
A mini-break in Bangkok alone 
provides a huge variety of tour 
options, from the Floating 
Market to the Grand Palace, the 
Temple of the Emerald Buddha, 
the Vimanmek Royal Mansion 
and the Jim Thompson Thai 
House. A second day could 
include a Rice Barge Canal Tour 
or a visit to the Ancient City. 

Thailand is, of course, more 
than just Bangkok, and Royal 
Orchid Holidays provides an 
ideal way of seeing the best of 
this big country in a short time. 
Tours cover all the main attrac- 
tions, from the beaches of the 
south to the hills of the north. 

Better still are the creative 
itineraries, which present a full 
and representative range of the 
nation's sights in a single holi- 
day. Among new offerings this 
year is Royal Orchid Holidays’ 
five-night "Thailand Classic" 
tour, winch takes visitors from 
Bangkok to Ayutthaya and then 
on through the historic towns of 
Phitsanulok and Sukhothai to 
the northern highlights of 
Lampang, Chiang Saeru the 
Golden Triangle and Chiang 

With Royal Orchid Holidays, 
neighboring countries can be 
conveniently added to a Thai- 
land tour. Among the options are 
Angkor in Cambodia; Luang 
Prabang, the old Royal capital of 

Laos; and cruises along the Irra- 
waddy in Myanmar (Burma). In 
1997, Laos, Cambodia and 
Vietnam have for the first time 
been combined in a single tour. 

The program is being con- 
stantly refined to reflect not only 
new destinations and itineraries, 
but also new trends and prefer- 
ences. Notably, “soft” adventure 
travel has gained wide populari- 
ty in recent years, and Royal 
Orchid Holidays meets the 
demand with its “Go Active 
Thailand" program. 

Go active 

The “Go Active Thailand” pro- 
gram includes options such as 
sea canoeing in the south, moun- 
tain biking in the north, scuba 
diving and four- wheel -drive 
safaris. Nor does adventure have 
to be tough going; one addition 
to the 1997-98 “Go Active 
Thailand” list is a discovery 
cruise from Phuket to Singapore 
by luxury sailing ship. 

GoJf, too, is very much on the 
upswing in Thailand. There are 
more than a hundred challenging 
golf courses in the country, 
many designed by such greats as 
Jack Nicklaus. Robert Trent 
Jones. Jr. and Isao Aoki. Royal 
Orchid Golfing Holidays offer 
two- to three-day inclusive 
arrangements that allow play at 
a score of the finest courses in 
no less than eight different desti- 
nations around the country. 

By being flexible and offering 
tailor-matte packages catering to 
a wide variety of preferences. 
Royal Orchid Holidays affords 
the essential freedom that travel 
is all about, without the frustra- 
tion of complex booking 
arrangements. JJL 

In a Growing Market, . , jjje 
THAI Hones its Edge I 1 ' 

The network boasts more routes and an upgraded fleet.' i 1 

itb civil 
to grow at 
rates, Asia 
is set to 
become the 
world’s busiest area for internation- 
al air transportation by the dawn of 
the 21st century. As one of the 
region’s leading airlines, Thai 
Airways International (THAI) con- 
tinues to expand its route network 
and fleet to maintain a competitive 
edge, especially in serving passen- 
gers to Asia from Europe. 

In the latter part of 1996, the air- 
line introduced daily non-stop 
B747-400 flights to London, which 
now gives THAI unrivaled daily 
non-stop services between 
Bangkok and Europe’s top four 
gateway capitals — London, Pans, 
Frankfurt and Zurich. Additionally, 
seven direct flights weekly are 
offered between Bangkok and 
Amsterdam and Scandinavia, while 
Rome is now served six times 
weekly. In December 1996, 
Munich was brought on line with 
five direct flights a week, operated 
in cooperation with partner 

Elsewhere, THAI’S Bangkok- 
Sydney route has been upgraded to 
daily non-stop flights using B747- 
400 aircraft. The service is sched- 
uled with a convenient afternoon 
departure time from Sydney and 
has rapid transit connections in 
Bangkok for onward flights to vari- 
ous points in Europe. On the US. 
route, the Los Angeles service will 
be similarly upgraded in May 1997 
to daily flights, from a previous 
four a week. 

New services to Surabaya in 
Indonesia and Jinghong in southern 
China’s Yunnan province are 
scheduled to begin in March 1997. 
The Surabaya route is operated 
three times a week via Denpasar 
with A300 aircraft, and Jinghong is 
offered thrice weekly with BAe 
146s, with flights originating in 
Chiang Mai and routed via Chiang 
Rai. The latter service boosts access 
to the Greater Mekong Subregion, 
an area with considerable trade and 
tourism growth potential Also new 

in 1997 is the addition to THAI’S 
domestic network of Buriram, in - 
northeastern Thailand, the gateway* 
to nearby ancient Khmer ruins. m 
With its expanded program,- nj V- ' 
THAI aow offers 73 flights a week --it. ■ 
to 13 key European cities, front .P V 
Istanbul to Stockholm, operated by 
its own aircraft and those of its -*/ 1 - 
code-sharing global partners . _ 
Lufthansa and SAS. Strategic- *£.:■•- 
alliances with these two European' Ji 
airlines offer passengers stream- T. " 
lined connection schedules, which' ;■/. 
give travelers from Asia faster tran- 
sit times through German and? V * V 
Scandinavian gateways to more J.j'.f’.' 
than 50 onward destinations 
throughout Europe. v „' : 

THAI also has a strategic affiance,-? ■/*. 
with Ansett Australia and recently- -V.. 
was selected as a member of the.;?'.- 
global Olympic Airline Team , ‘-.,7 >„• 
which covers a network serving' 

120 countries over five continents. - 
Member airlines are expected tbV< 
cany hundreds of thousands of pas- _ 
sengers between Australia and the 
rest of the world in the period lead- 
ing up to and during the 2000 ' 

In Asia, THAI has more flights to 
more countries than any otter air-^ 
line, serving 36 key points 
the region, as well as 22 do. 
destinations. With the national 
tier's expanded services, Bangkok 
now provides the most extensive air! 
links of any city in Asia, thus 
enhancing its natural geographic 
advantage as a regional gateway in 4: 
the heart of Indochina. & 

Paralleling route expansion is jf 
THAI’S program to upgrade its fleet .? 
by purchasing the latest wide-bod- 
ied jets to boost productivity and *£ 
customer appeal. Last December, 5 - 
the airline added another B747-400jf; 
and a B777-200 to its fleet, while an ■£ 
additional B747-40O and three-5 
more B777s are scheduled forj 
delivery in 1997. .3. 

With the orders in place, THAI 
will have a fleet of 78 aircraft by 
1998. On regional and trunk routes, ^ 
the airline uses Airbus equipment, ,V 
as well as the latest Rolls Royce- ^ 
powered B777-2Q0s. For longer- 
distance intercontinental routes, 
B747-400s and MD-lls form the 
heart of the fleet. JJL " 



sc : 


tT.-.-: • •. 


Upgrading Service: A Continuing Process 

For Thai Airways International, meeting customers’ desires is not a catch-up game, but an ongoing program of action. 

K eeping abreast of Dew technology has become essential 
if airlines are to upgrade in-flight services and stay ahead 
of the competition. Thai Airways International (THAI) is 
no exception. 

Among recent innovations is the introduction of in- 
. seat videos in Royal first and Royal Executive class cab- 
ins of selected aircraft. Video Walkman units are avail- 
able on demand to Royal First and Royal Executive class 
passengers on all intercontinental flights. The library of video cassettes car- 
ried onboard includes first-run and classic movies, sports, humor and spe- 
cial-interest features. This facility not only provides a personal choice of 
videos, but also allows passengers to view as and when they wish, stopping 
a tape for a meal or sleep and viewing the rest later. 

Fbr greater passenger comfort on long-haul flights, THAI has equipped a 
special compartment in First Gass cabins on its new B747-400s with 180- 
degree reclining seats. Seating in Business Glass has also been upgraded, 
with leg rests and other improvements designed to ensure a more restful 

Overall, THAI has made customer service a prime concern, with full 
attention paid to improvements in procedures as well as to technological 
innovation. From more streamlined service at check-in counters to a wider 
selection of in-flight meals, the entire chain of passenger service is being 
upgraded in an ongoing process. 

In Thailand, a new direct telephone sendee allows travelers to obtain 
instant up-to-the-minute information on flight arrivals and departures. The 
number- 1566 - can be called around the clock. 

At Bangkok International Airport, a second passenger terminal was 
opened in 1996, increasing handling capacity by more than 20 percent. 
THAI provides handling services for 50 airlines and deals with more than 
70 percent of the 21 million passenger movements through Bangkok, and 
the airline continues to invest heavily. Baggage handling systems and in- 
flight catering services, as well as passenger check-in facilities, are being 

Mgers can now check in for THAI’s international and domestic 
flights at any of the airline’s counters, rather than having to line up at a par- 
ticular desk for a designated flight 

Not least of the airline’s recent achievements has been the success of its 
Royal Orchid Plus frequent-flier program, now boasting a membership in 
excess of 600,000 people in more than 100 countries and growing at a rate 
of some 2,000 a week. With partner carriers United Airlines. Lufthansa, 
SAS, SAA and Ansett Australia, Royal Orchid Plus has become Asia's lead- 
ing and most beneficial integrated frequent-flier program. Earning and 
redemption of miles on the six airlines now covers six continents and more 
than 500 destinations. 

One of the most appreciated advantages of the Royal Orchid Plus pro- 
gram is that benefits are gained for all classes of service flown and on 
domestic as well as international flights. Realizing that demand can be high 
at certain peak times, THAI has diversified the redemption offer beyond air 
seats. Inst e a d. Royal Orchid Plus members can try an “Experience Award,” 
such as elephant trekking in northern Thailand, a round of golf in Phuket or 
even “flying” oue of the airline's ultramodern flight simulators, an unfor- 
gettable experience. J.H. 

THAI frequent fliers now have the choice of redeeming their mileage 
credits for “Experience Awards*'- such as an elephant trek ora round of 
golf— rather than airline seats. 

Thai Airways International 
•' 89 Yibhavadi Rangsit Road • Bangkok 10900 
Head office: (662)513 0121 - Fax: (662)513 0203 
Reserrolions; (662) 62 8 2000 • Ticketing: (662)234 3 100/-1 9 
Airport (662) 535 3111 
^ y.-pHAI .home page: . 

Tourism Authority of Thafland ; 

372 Bamning Muang Road • Bangkok 10100 
- Tel.; (662) 226 0060 * (662) 226 0072 i : :/ > V 

(662) 226 0085 • (66 2) 226 0098 - T 

Fax: (662) 224 6221 

Web site: • Ermail: tai@ct 




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or the Disabled, Entrepreneurship Is Providing New Open Doors 

By Jay Mathews 

"astonzton Pasi Service 

g ^GTON - David S. Bi m'- 
• tetsmee birth, was doing com- 
c SSS ag ui Silver Spring, Marv- 
whenhe noticed how much hie 


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fod. whenhe noticed how much his dKf ESTT 11 ? 5 f ° r ^ d,sabIed « »*>und- 
Sends and clients were pavine for c;2f des P lle corporate downsizing. 

; jnguage interpreters — S4f)m eJi ’ “tfrepreaeurs are more likely to help 
pur. often with a two-hour minimnm 3 P^P e with disabilities, they say, if the 
■ “I thought thev wen> -***?", business owners themselves have sim- 

!r W J^ make more jobs available to Federally funded and state-managed 
disabled people, with some success. vocational rehabilitation programs have 
Now, several organizations are trying money to help people who want to ran 
to help the disabled not just work for their own businesses, said Randee 
businesses but run them. They say op- Chafkin, a program manager for the 
portunmes for the disabled are abund- President’s Committee on Employment 
ant^ despite corporate downsizing. of People With Disabilities, “but the 
Entrepreneurs are more likely to help counselors for whatever reason have 

Mr. Tranen cited a man who made 
dental appliances in his basement and 
was delighted to be able to make a livin g 
without ever having to leave home. 

Mr. Bimbatim's company grew out of 
his efforts to expand his computer-services 
business. He had long been accustomed to 
taking the initiative in his career. 

FSt SSJEJa two-hour minimum. 

■ fcJffa s: * ey werc ^ped 

;£ Americans with disabilities are ac- 
^Pstomed to such frustrations and often 
iave to live with diem. But Mr. Birn- 

i w a D ? turaJ entrepreneur who 

pad been dreaming up business ideas for 
'/ears. He said he saw ways to cut the 
^inconvenience and cost of interpreting 
liand to make money for himself. 

L Two years ago, he opened Bimbaum 
Elnterpredng Services to do just that. His 
pursuit of the dream is an emblem of a 
new approach to widening job oppor- 
I turn ties for the disabled. 

Since the Americans With Disabil- 
ities Act was signed in 1990, disability- 
• rights activists have sought to use the 

1 %P er ?P ecdves Efe experiences. 

Starting a business is a frightening 
prospect for most people, it is not 
something that family, friends or service 
agencies usually encourage disabled 
people to do. But William J. Malleris. a 
housing developer in Naperville, Illinois, 
who has a neuromuscular disorder that 
requires him to use a motorized scooter to 
get around, says it is worth exploring. 

An entrepreneur, he said, “can pick 
and choose what he wants to do." 

Urban Miyares. president of the Dis- 
abled Businesspersons Association, 
based in San Diego, said, “Finding a 
good job is often difficult, so self-em- 
ployment may be a good option for 

An estimated 3 million disabled Americans work for 
themselves, many running very small — but successful 
— businesses from their homes. 

never really pushed it as an option." 

Ms. Chafkin estimated that nearly 3 
million disabled Americans work for 
themselves, many running very small 
businesses from their homes. 

Morris Tranen, president of the Part- 
nership Development Group in 
Columbia, Maryland, which promotes 
entrepreneurship for people with dis- 
abilities, said self-employment offered 
flexibility, such as die freedom to work 
all night on a project if necessary. 

He was, he said, the first deaf taxi 
driver in New York and one of the first 
deaf people to set up his own company. 
The interpreting company he founded in 
Silver Spring, Maryland, in early 1995 
now has a staff of 30, including two 
other deaf people, and annual sales of 
$1.5 million. 

He is placing much of his hope for 
expansion on a new concept: video- 
remote interpreting. Along with a few 
other entrepreneurs in the field, he is 

developing a system that would allow a 
deaf person to call up a sign-language 
interpreter on a computer screen at a 
moment’s notice. People using the sys- 
tem would be charged by die minute, not 
the hour, perhaps less than $2 a minute, 
a rate that would save both money and 
rime. Mr. Bimbaum said. 

Mr. Bimbaum said en trepren eurs 
with disabilities not only bad a chance to 
provide extra services to others with 
disabilities but could understand sub- 
tleties of their lives dial often eluded 

Ms. Chafldn said the president’s com- 
mittee was working with die departments 
of education. Treasury and commerce, 
the Small Business Administr ation and 
some banks and loan companies to- ar- 
range more opportunities for businesses 
ran by people with disabilities. 

The president’s committee, a 50-year- 
old federal agency based in Washington, 
also has begun to recognize pioneering 
business owners who are disabled. 

Last summer it presented the first 
Evan Kemp Entrepreneurship Award to 
Heidi Van Amem. a travel-agency own- 

er in Birmingham, Michigan, who uses 
a wheelchair. The committee also gave 
its Justin Dart Achievement Award to 
Mr. Malleris. 

Ms. Van Amem, 30. said she started 
her travel business after she had dif- 
ficulty finding anyone who would hire 
her. She was paralyzed below the neck in 
a shooting accident when she was 16. 

After college and a bit of law school, 
she was not sure what she wanted to do 
and found many potential employers 
uninterested. But she enjoyed travel, 
though she often found the arrange- 
ments made for her by travel agents 

trips^Eerself^nd found she could dis- 
cover better bargains than the agents 
had. A business was bom. 

Mr. Malleris, 41, said he wore out 
four tires on bis scooter while over- 
seeing construction of his first 48-unit 
apartment building, designed to attract 
both disabled and nondisabled tenants. 

He said he completed the project in 
nine months and fined the building with 
tenants in 35 days. “My banker was 
very pleased," he said. 

' -"iWi’l, 

;V. ir,, - T to 
■0 *** 




Employment Counsel - European Role Germany 

This household name US IT company requires a European qualified lawyer with between 4 and 7 years HR/ 
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A oiajor US multinational requires a high calibre project finance lawyer, 2 to 8 years qualified, to assist in high value 
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Sole Legal Counsel Ireland 

The European manufacturing facility of this world leading computer company seeks a UK, US or Irish qualified lawyer, 
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A world leading US IT multinational requires a European qualified lawyer with between 5 and 7 years business 
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If working within an international practice appeals to yon, we have positions in Australasia, Europe, Asia, 
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Executive Positions Available 


Tetecrt, an HI ideconnnHcatkMiB 
company «facfi designs, installs, and 
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vntyde seeks openenced 


tor poaHoo in Washington D.C. area. 
Treasurer wW to responsible for 
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Pluse tax resume to the Director of 
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Secretaires de direction 

Paris VIIP 

Lu, Panzani, 
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le groupe DANONE 
esf le 3* groupe 
europeen : 

84 Mds de F de CA, 
82 000 personnel 
une ten tame de 
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Plusieurs posies de secretaires parfailement bilingues 
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Ces posxes seront confi4s a des professionnelles 
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minimum et dune experience significative de 3 it 5 ans. 
Une peisonnalM ouverte. dynamique et impliqude 
est un plus pour r£ussir dans ces posies iris motivants. 

m- Merri d'adresser votre candidature sous reference 
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BP 48.94162 Saint-Mand*. 

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Hanfing and Storage Systfflr&^Worid- 

wfde piBfiaittfl TfwoJwng taaflirtOfW 
Iteattcw FbodsovICB. and Corrm^ 
raatab. Tentexy incWss Japa n fed™- 

nl AuaMa and New Zealand (second- 
ary!. Ratpres 8-12 jsars satesAnartot 
dentapmapt aperience com- 
moda l n u tot s and managemma n os- 
tAteor.tsbnfks, Unhfersaydegree. 
Fluency in Japanese and EngBj. 
CompdBre compensawi parage. 
SndJBsone eonttmfialy to 
Mainer Search Fmc 
. FAX: 1-7T7-82M293 


Vfe are tateg tar 
UeMV yw Be: 

Between 23 anf 30 yeas dd 
Prepared to tore! 11 mantas a year 
to (JBarert cortrtes ot #» mti 
tor extended stays. A.nata speaker 

ARCAM seeks: 


Fluent In both written and spoken French. 

Exceflent fyprig sJcSs. FLdy profletent cxi WORLD 6, EXCEL 5. ACCESS. 
Background In mecficat or pharmaceutlcat Held a plus. 

Please, send C. V. photo, handwritten letter to: 


161 rue-de Courcefles, 7501.7 Paris. 

US. QAAP. Promotebfe penonj™ 
excsfeRt technica! “"""KSSS 
■*ah ifah vt9b%. Fluent Gereanf 

F« Btt«450S « 

Vetoto Bin!.. 5165. Samian oaks. 
CA .91403 USA. 

Shaman (Wo. CA 91403 USA. 

iwmn specrefisi agency m London i 



We are a WgWy succassfuL wridwle, 
services carpaiy. Wb are kx »fag 
tor wpwarcad rtrectiorad drfcm prafaa- 
Sionais or highly modveied, rta expen-, 
encad pereorra to Join our ®easra 
diftn team. Namperienced pasonel 
id be pul into a tad paced fractional 
rtftng eating pregran. A ihUmr iMh 
scfvol eductoon is required. We offer 
eaelefit p» and employee berate, fe- 
tation anj Reader! asSgrreerts wfl be 
crtBHBd. Please fax cjuaBtaions and 
contact nuntem & 96WHE7-566D 

Stoctoxortig am of Pare -based imeS- 
rant bank saBits franca! translator to 
tan ns busy team. English master 
Smut. mn. 3 years' referent rapen- 
Fax CV & work sample: 

33 t 0 ) 14 g 6 Z «3 flCtyfiWw to*® 

cart Georges 73312 Pans caoex os 


R wprai l M Baalnaita management Of 
autoatons, ctoatogitg and p ia rmrg In- 
al Busty teefnotogy. Dereittos web 
page and after eteara* seniss. Dtrect 
supervision ot 2 to 3 staff members. 

9«res reference service. 
AvatabiB tor evening and wetend data. 

f ^*>1 it:* i!:t:Mr m 


Respoostoffltos include coitoaien 
deire fo p mert , persosnel admrastatxm 
and its® servfces, rdursng research 
mstr uefl on. Dsecl supentsnn ot tatae 
sd meatere. Stercs reference saws. 
Awfebta tor evewig and wetiend shte. 

QnHcatiora tor both porftiora 

Reqatod: Master of Library Science 
fan an ALA-accredSed program fflto- 
i and rtemeaoral sUs wft extom 
stperuteory and aHonaboo experieres. 

Prefarred: Second Master's degree. 
Not* Amerean academe Bray oqieri- 
ence. Prenous toragn taing eperience 

toerested applfeants should sand their 
tows and three recent professoral 
references to be U marshy Librarian, 
The Anedca Unhredy rtf terta, 

9 rue de Honaeny, 73007 PARS 
arrad stoneBwpir 


Fastest graving travel factory needs 
quatted ycuifl fas Half (2«0) to cov- 
er *e teSan/FrenctVGwirany mattaL 
bvwrfite openings: Ngh earangs; travel 

Safes enperience nacesEsy, knowledge 
d hotetlntosn y nefete. 

Rh 'nnefaB GorakkRfetan. owl one- 
ukn vtaa incAdng a wart ptatogrrerti 

THG - Tfa Hotel Gukte AG 
Alfa Mr. HP. Staftan 
Hauptetona M, Pototach 38 
SMS Kanan • Swftzartand 
or tree +41 41 379 09 Zi or 
wait tagMoWguidtch 

For Ratal StoeaCmpa 
U.S, maraitactinf seeks experienced 
sates nerson to rtnxtuca oroitocts in 
Europe that have wide dteWwton in 
US. Posfion wl ofler Rate renuioa- 
tin and stock omenta) in c wn p siy - 
Box 246, LH.T. 850 ThH Avft, 10* 
fleer. New York. N.Y. 10022, USA. 

Herald Tribune 
ads work 

See Page 4 


mmercial Management 

The Company: Our client is one of the largest and most successful companies in the Information 
Technologies industry today. With over 4 years of success in the CIS market they are continuing to 
grow rapidly. The company has a wide portfolio of products and services that are International 
household names, and are adapted to the OS markets. With headquarters in the US and regional 
headquarters in Europe, they are now seeking to fill the position of Key Accounts Manager. 

The Roi£: Ygu.wl!;be r«por^lble_fi3^^?^tog 
as well as working cipsely^iMth^ ; pSHefc 
arid maintain relationships vwth-lhe. 

. building diplomatic relatiQrtsiftjj^ 

experience with botfLbUdgeting ancLsale^anpmg -and:fanera^^j^^^n^J|Q^^h^ef^pi^ 
are comfortable r managih^ttoth.dir^ci^nri^(r^tly^ ’ 

The Person: Either an expatriate or a Russian national, you will be a results oriented team player with 
a record of success in both sales and line management. You will have an excellent knowledge of both 
the Russian market and the IT industry. You will have lived in the CIS for at least 2 years and have 
been involved in High Technology sales for at least 5 years. You will be available for both internal and 
international travel on a regular basis. 

Please forward your full resume in the strictest confidence, quoting reference no. IHT3083 to: 
Antal International Shropshire House. 1 Capper Street. London WC1E 6JA. 

Tel: + 44 (0) 171 6372001 Fax: + 44 (0) 171 637 0949. 

© Moscow: Parus Business Centre. 23 1st Tverskaya Yamskaya ui, Moscow 125047. 

Tel: + 7 (50 7J 253 0465 Fax: + 7 (501) 258 0470. 


JL Antal International 

r 'Serving the Emerging Markets' 

L O M D O N 



l> R AGUE 



United Nations Children's Fund 


Dury Surwcr New Yori. USA l Level P-4l 

The Untied Njhoc* Children's Fund, wah ‘ 
world and an annual budga oi anpnnnuteiy Si billion, seels qualified candidates for the 
lion of Chief, Headquarters' Services. Under the direction of the Deputy Director, the : 
wrfl manage all day-to-day administrative and openunnal aspects tor mo New Ybrfc 
builiings and oriwe warehouse space ccmpuung in excess of 300.000 square lea. 

get Specific responubilcies in dude: facilities and project management, mdutfine dieciaon of 
anhaecB, conttaaors and specialized cortsu karts; detailed space plannto^ renovation work and 
pratareiioo oi requests tor proposal, comma aiminteaiion; procurement of office kimWiinp 
and eou^ment; sipervision oi docuners and reproduction facilities, and mventtay control 

■ Eight to ten years of professional work experience with exposure to New York Cky real estate 
andw wnhre^ions&iteyior commercial txnkkng management. Projeci managemem eroertmee 
wdfi mukunrl/ion dollar, rme-dnver office renovations, emphasizing space panning and design, 
user group adjacencies and coordination ot client requrements. 

• Proven abilrty to manage and lake dty-nxiay responybihlY for preparation, analysis and over- 
ogftl of mutiHTidlicn dollar annual opera ing/adm in urraijve budeet 

• Proven ability to duea and manrof imemananal pmlewcwd, technical and general service 
staff, as weff as external ^eculized ovbc terns. AbHrry to conceptualrze. innovate, negotiate, 
plan and execute ideas, as well as to ironster bnwdedge and stalls. 

■ Exceflent wrtten and oral communication skills, with an ability to articulate thougtas and ideas 
dearly and concisely. Previous work experience in an international ormulticulturaf envitomnert 

• Advatcxd unhrersity degree in busress administration oreqinvalenL 

Appficauins by female cantkUe arc especially welcome. Please tend deoiled resume, in 
Entf rt. reference nunirer VN-W-OCO kr Rectwcrnent and Placernerx Seaton (AM). 
UNICff. lUNPlaia (H-5n, New York NY 10017, USA. Applcatons far this position mua be 
received by March 24. Acmwledgemen win be sen only to dunlised candidates. 

UNICET is a smoke 4w environment. 


bat have had other substantia] work experience, 
and are ready for a change, 
you might want to join our team of ex-b ankers, 
ex-lawyers, ex-psychologists, ex-P.FL and 
marketing executives. 

mm happily tf.v.hiiyu toniinimic.itfon -Kills !i 

I- iotij.ii o\Oi u!i\ »-s. 

Training provided on intellectually challenging 
method and mateiiaL Paris-based. Part-time. 
French working papers required. 

Send CV. to 

Box D-476, IJJ.T. 92521 Netdlly Cedex - France 


Businessman, with activities in Spain and abroad, now preparing 
a new project concerning the education for improving 
the quality of life of human beings, is looking for 

Personal Secretary-Assistant 

Required Qualifications: 

• tec 27-35. 

■ University b 

ity background. 

• Perfect Engfuti. • Basic knowledge of 

• Positive and dynamic. bookkeeping and accounting. 

• Computer proficient. - Internet user. 

• Non-smoker and non-drinker. * Experience in a daitu pashm 

- Driving license B-l. - Available to travel and to 

• Responsible ami ainonomous. relocate in otter countries. 

• Organized and tidy. 

The position is of high level and the remuneration will be in 
accordance to the capacities ana experience or the 
candidate. An excellent professional opportunity in a modem 
and pleasant working environment. 

Send C. V. along wilt) photograph and handwritten application to: 
Reh PSA 

Apdo- da Corneas 32^44 
08080 Barcelona (SPAIN) 

Complementary Qua lifi cations; 

• Knowledge of other languages. 

■ Humanistic studies. 

• Basic knowledge of 
bookkeeping and accounting. 

■ Internet user. 

• Experience in a stellar position. 
- Available to travel and to 

relocate in otter countries. 

Airline Account Manager 

Grimes Aerospace continues to achieve technical excellence as a 
recognized world leader in its design and manufacture of fluid 
control, avionics and vision products for the aerospace Industry. 
Due to our continued expansion, we now seek an Airline Account 
Manager to be based in our Toulouse, France office. 

As the Ideal candidate for this extremely responsible position, you 
should be highly self-motivated and require little direction. 
The primaiy focus of this position is to provide sales and technical 
support to commercial aftarmartet customers Including European 
andScand navian airlines. You will be active In promoting products, 
enhancing customer satisfaction and growing all aspects of the 
business. Additionally, specific activities will involve sales 
forecasting, product improvement, data support, reliability 
analysis and quality control. Travel in the order of 5096 
!*B is expected. 

^ Qualifications should include an Aeronautical or Engineering 
degree or equivalent plus 5-8 years continuous experience 
in aerospace sales/support with aircraft or engine OEM 
i-A experience. PC skills and proposal preparation experience 
are essential. Language skills should be a perfect 
: -v.^ knowledge of French or English and a good command of 
i-’i the other. 

= ' Competitive salary and benefits offered. 

. y r For confidential consideration, please submit your 
’• C.V. now to: Human Resources Dept, Grimes 
Aerospace Company, P.O, Box 247, Urbana, 
OH 43078 U.SA, or fax C.V. to 001-937- 
653-2955. Equal opportunity employer. 

Company in the publishing business, seeks 


for secretarial and administrative assistance to the office manager. 

French mother tongue, good written and spoken Engfish. 
Word processing (spreadsheets necessary!, some slock management. 

Long term contract FF8000/ month net. 

Pl eas e send CV & lettered motivation to: 

LH.T Box D-477, 92521 Neuflly Cedex, Franca. 

Find A Job Fast! 

i ( _ ^._ v - — ■ | * - v • • 4 

PAGE 10 



,_##*» - ■ * 

Specter of Interest-Rate Rise Haunts Bond Rally T hailand to Aid 

Bridge News 

NEW YORK — The bounce in 

last week could cany over into this 
week, but traders see bonds heading 
lower again eventually because the 
possibility of an interest-rare rise is 
still glowing on their radar screens. 

The bond market welcomed the 
February employment report, re- 
leased Friday, because some of its 
components seemed to take pressure 
off the Federal Reserve Board to 
raise rates immediately. 

These included 3 0.2 percent rise 
in average hourly earnings and a 
drop in the job-leavers rate men- 
tioned by the Fed chairman. Alan 
Greenspan, last month in his semi- 
annual Humphrey-Hawkins testi- 
mony before Congress. 

The yield on the benchmark 30- 
year Treasury bond ended Friday at 

6.81 percent, down one basis point 
for the week. 

On the other hand, an impressive 
339.000 jobs were added to nonfann 
payrolls in February, and the av- 
erage workweek jumped by 0.8 of 
an hour, suggesting that the labor 
market remains robust enough to 
keep the Fed tilted toward an 

prices higher. The sell-off in recent 
weeks has left the market nnder- 


interest-rate increase. Given Mr. 
Greenspan's recent comments about 
the possibility of a “pre-emptive” 
increase to slave off inflation, some 
market participants still say the Fed 
could decide to lift rates at the 
March 25 meeting of the Federal 
Open Market Committee. 

But even wife the chances of a 
near-term move uncertain, traders 
say technical factors could push 

priced, they say. and wife the worries 
about the latest jobs report out of fee 
way. buying could pick up again. 

Traders say the bond market’s rally 
on the employment report suggested 
that far more short positions had been 
established ahead of that report than 
many people had realized. 

They also say surveys show feat 
portfolio managers still have some 
cash to put to work. Given those 

■ __ C J ‘ ‘I* 

sales reported last week raised some 
forecasts, and the consensus Is now 
for a 0.6 percent increase in retail 
sales, matching the rise in January. 
That could indicate inflationary 
pressures, which could spell bad 
news for bonds. 

On the other band, other indic- 
ators. such as the February produ- 
cer-price report due Friday, should 
be inflation-friendly enough to re- 

he expected unfriendly inflation 
news in April, in fee form of a big 
earnings gain in fee March employ- 
ment report and a deterioration ut fee 
first -quarter employment-cost index. 

Mr. Lira said those reports would 
grid bond prices to new lows for fee 
year during fee second quarter, but 
that for now Treasury prices have hit 
bottom. He said he expected the 30- 
vear bond to rally, pushing fee yield 


Bangkok Plans Bond Issue 


PATTAYA T Thailand— 

diice the market's worries about a down to 6.65 percent or 6.70 percent 

March rate increase. The report is 

prospective sources of demand, * ‘it expected to show a decline of 0. 1 
wouldn’t surprise me if prices do percent in the overall index and a 

better the next two or three ses- 
sions.” a bond trader said. 

But, be added, wife a Fed tight- 
ening this month still a possibility, 
fee market will remain sensitive to 

exclu ding food and energy costs. 

If the inflation numbers meet ex- 
pectations, the Fed “will have very 
little political cover to institute a 

Harvey Hirschhom, chief invest- 
ment strategist at Stein, Roe & 
Farnham. is even more optimistic. 
He foresees economic growth sub- 
siding to a trend rate and says fee 
Fed can put off a tightening not only 
in March but also at its subsequent 
meeting in May. He predicts a U.S. 

Thailand has followed Up 
moves to strengthen its □- 

economic news such as the February tightening move at the end of the economic growth rate of 2.5 percent 

■ ■ i j tl 3... 1 Z—n nVIaf iMnomiot in firet mraft^r » nrf 1 ft norrMlt in 

retail sales report, due Thursday. 

The healthy February chain-store 

month.” Joe Lira, chief economist at in fee first quarter and 2.0 percent in 
CIBC Wood Gundy, said. But be said fee second and third quarters. 

Most Active International Bends 

The 250 most active international bonds traded 
through the Euroctear system for the week end- 
ing March 7. Prices supplied by Tetekurs. 

Cpn Maturity Prtto 

Cpn Maturity price YteM 

Rnk None Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Argentine Peso 

189 Argentina 
230 Argentine 

3.176 04/01/07 101.1500 32129 
lift 07/12/07 101.9415 113300 

Australian Dollar 

205 Australia 7 04/15/00 102.7880 18100 

Austrian Schilling 

225 Austria <ft 02/28/02 98.7500 4.4300 

British Pound 

95 Fannie Mae 
107 Bayerlsctte LB 
112 Rose F Sec 
197He(aba InltFln 

&h 06/07/02 993750 6.9200 
6ft 06/07/02 935000 6.9800 
1M601 1004)000 
TVs 12/30102 100.5000 7.3*00 

Canadian Dollar 

237 Canada 7ft (WOMB 1065090 6*100 

Danish Krone 

6 Dentnork 
20 Denmark 
26 Denmark 
31 Denmark 

35 Denmark 

36 Denmark 
S3 Denmark 
60 Denmark 
66 Denmark 
B9 Denmark 
105 Denmark 
144 Denmark 
l&l Real Kredlt 
180 Denmark 
209 Denmark 

1 1/10/24 
















90 Treuhand 

97 Germany 
92 Germany 

98 Germany 

99 TreuhoraS 

100 Treuhand 
102 Germany 
120 Germany 
123 Germany 

127 Austria 

128 Germany 

130 Germany 

131 Treuhand 
134 Germany 
139 Germany 
141 Germany 

146 BA Credit Card 
151 Germany 
154 Germany 
159 Germany 

163 Germany TMIb 

164 Germany 

165 EIB 

167 Germany 
169 Germany 
179 Germany 
181 Treuhand 
186 Mexico 
188 Depfa 
190 Germany 

194 Germany 

195 Germany 

201 BadWuert L FFn 

202 Cap Crerflt Card 

21 1 Germany 

212 Germany 
221 Germany 
231 Germany 
244 World Bank 

5ft 04/29/99 
6* 04/22/03 
8 09/22/97 
6ft 0S2Q/99 

5 12/17/98 

6 11/12/03 

m 08/21/00 

6ft 05/20/98 
7ft 10/21/02 
6ft 01/02/99 
8 03/20/97 

M 01/1 Q/24 
7* .02/21/00 
S'm TQ/2098 

7 71/25/9 9 
6ft 12/02/98 
6% 01/20/98 

6 02/20/98 

6 11/1 S/05 

7 12/22/97 
6V» 03/2098 
514 05/2899 
zero 07/1897 
5ft 11/2097 
6 1 0/22/03 
7ft 01/20/00 
8*4 05/22/00 
5*4 08/2098 
6ft 06/2598 
S% 09/2498 
8ft 09/1 Q/04 
514 03/04/09 
6ft 02/2499 
6* 07/20/98 
8*4 07/20/00 
5ft 03/05/04 

5 % oanvoi 
6% 01/2098 
714 102097 
7Vj 10/2097 
614 022098 
390 04/06/00 
7ft 04/12/05 







































Italian Lira 

166 Italy 
200 Italy 
220 Italy Ctz 

10W 04/01/05 11630 94)000 

zero 08/29/97 953400106400 

Boom, Times Spell 
Further Dollar Gains 

zero 10/3098 B95670 6.9000 

Japanese Yen 

175 World Bank 5U 039Q02 117ft 4-4600 

T77Dahva Bultdina 2 04/16/02 100.0167 24)000 

232 Walt Disney 5 06/21/99 106J8I4 45800 

248 Italy 0566 07/26/99 1005200 05600 

249 World Bank 4* 11/20/0* 117.7870 44)300 

Spanish Peseta 

Bloomberg News 

NEW YORK — The dollar will probably keep climbing 
this week, driven by a booming U.S. economy and the 
possibility of higher interest rates, according to economists 
and. currency traders. 

The latest’ measure of U.S. economic strength was the better- 
than -expected February employment repot released Friday. 
Traders and analysts said the chances of an interest-rate increase 
had risen wife the employment figures because the market 

moves to strengthen its fi- 
nancial sector by unveiling 
a major fund-raising plan to 
bail out troubled property 
projects and by telling 
some small investment 
bouses to mage. 

Reragchai Marakanond, 
governor of Thailand's 
central bank, said the gov- 
ernment would soon float 
as much as 100 billion baht 
($3.85 billion) in seven- 
year, zero-coupon bonds to 

raise funds to help the prop- 
erty sector weather a four- 
year slump. 

Many of the finance- 
company executives meet- 
ing here welcomed the plan, 
which would inject badly 
needed liquidity into non- 
bank financial institutions 
that have been threatened 
by nonperforming loans to 

arakom, a senior executive 
vice president, of Nava Fi- 
nance &, Securities PLC • 
Mr. Reragchai said he 
expected foejjiarinedzero-i 
coupon bond issue to sue- 

p R* c 

r.t 1 

theproperty sector. 

Toe governor told finance 
companies that proceeds 
from the bonds, which are 
expected to get cabinet ap- 
proval this week, would be 
used for refinancing in- 
debted property projects, 
giving developers more 
time to sell real estate while 
fee market gradually im- 

"This plan, comparing 
wife other measures an- 
nounced earlier, sounds the 
most practical in helping 
the whole industry,” said 
Nives Hemvachirav- 

207 Spain 
217 Sputa 

8430 0400/06 1133250 74300 
9 A0 04/30/99 1065960 8.7900 

could read fee jobs report as an early indicator of inflationary 
pressures. The Federal Reserve Board’s chairman, Alan Green- 

pressures. The Federal Reserve Board’s chairman, Alan Green- 
span, said last month the central bank would consider a “pre- 

Swedish Krona 

eruptive” tightening of credit if it perceived signs of inflation. 
For four days last week, the dollar pushed to 34-monfe highs 

62 Sweden 
121 Sweden 
133 Sweden 
140 Sweden 1036 
241 Sweden 
246 Sweden 

11 01/21/99 U1XM70 9.9100 
615 10/25/06 98.0170 6.6300 
5ft 0402/02 983150 55900 
1016 05/QMX) 1143930 8.9600 
10ft 05/05/02 1205120 85000 
9 0470/09 1163030 7.7400 

U.S. Dollar 

Dutch Guilder 

Deutsche Mark 

1 Germany 

2 Germany 

4 Germany 

5 Germany 
7 Germany 
9 Germany 

11 Germany 

13 Germany 

14 Germany 

15 Germany 

16 Germany 

17 Germany 
19 Germany 

21 Treuhand 

22 Germany 
25 Germany 

28 Treuhand 

29 Treuhand 

32 Germany 

33 Germany 

34 Germany 

37 Germany 

38 Germany 

39 Treuhand 

40 Germany 

42 Germany 

43 Germany 

44 Germany 

45 Treuhand 

46 Germany 

47 Germany 

48 Germany 

50 Germany 

51 Treuhand 

52 Germany 
55 Germany 
57 Germany 
63 Treuhand 
65 Treuhand 

67 Germany 

68 Treuhand 

70 Germany 

71 Treuhand 

72 Treuhand 
74 Treuhand 

76 Germany 

77 Germany 
80 Germany 
82 Germany 
85 Treuhand 
SB Germany 

6 01/04/07 
8 01/21/02 
6ft 04/26/06 
4*4 11/20/01 
616 1 W1 405 
0ft 05/12/05 
7ft 01/03/05 

5 08/2001 

6 01/0506 
6V4 01/04/24 
Six 09/20/01 

5 05/21/01 
3ft 12/18/98 
7ft 09/09/04 

8 07/22/02 

6 02/16416 
7ft 12/0202 
7*4 100102 
3ft 09/18/98 
514 08/22/00 
5W 02/2101 
8ft 02/2001 
5ft 11/21/00 
6ft 07/09/03 
SV1 08/2001 
8ft 12/20/00 
7ft 11/1104 
616 03/1 500 
7ft 01/2903 

9 1Q3QOO 
6*4 09/15/99 
5ft 05/1500 
61* 07/1503 
6 Vi 03/26/98 
7Vs 12/2002 

7 01/1300 
8ft 05/2101 
6ft 04/2303 
6*6 0701/99 

6 06(70/16 

6» 07/29/99 

9 01/2201 
6ft 06/1103 
6% 05/1304 

6 09/1503 
5W 02(75/98 
614 07/1504 
5ft 02/22/99 

5 Q1A4/99 
814 07/21/9/ 




















































24 Netherlands 
30 Netherlands 
64 Netherlands 
84 Netherlands 
87 Netherlands 
103 Netherlands 
126 Netherlands 
137 Netherlands 
145 Netherlands 

148 Netherlands 

149 Netherlands 

155 Netherlands 

156 Netherlands 

157 Netherlands 

172 Netherlands 

173 Netherlands 

174 Netherlands 
176 Netherlands 
191 Netherlands 
193 Netherlands 
222 Netherlands 

227 Netherlands 

228 Netherlands 
233 Netherlands 
236 Netherlands 
240 Netherlands 
247 Netherlands 




















SP zem 




































1 16.1000 



3 Brazil Cap S.L 4ft 04/15/14 837320 53700 

8 Argentina par L 5ft 03/31/23 653000 80200 

10 Argentina FRN 6ft 0309/05 873019 7.5500 

12 Mexico lift 05/15/26 107.447010.7000 

18 Argentine lift 01/3VI7 1045270103800 

23 Brazil L 6ft 04/1S06 893000 73000 

27 Venezuela 6ft 0301/20 73.7500 9.1500 

41 Venezuela 6ft 12/18/07 883900 53649 

49 Brazil SLZ1 6ft 04/15/24 803750 80900 

54 Brazil S.L 69ft 04/15/12 793725 83200 

56 Brazil uft 01/01/01 97.9063 63400 

58 Brazil par Zl 5 04/15/24 64.4063 7.7600 

59 Bulgaria 69ft 07/28/11 60.4375 103600 

61 Mexico par A 6ft 12/31/19 743125 63500 

69 Mexico 9ft 01/15/07 102.7133 93100 

75 Ecuador 69u 02/28/15 593458 18139 

79 Mexico par B 6ft 12/31/19 743125 83500 

For four days last week, the dollar pushed to 34-monfe highs 
against fee Deutsche mark, rising 1.41 percent against the 
German currency mainly on indications that the U.S. economy 
was growing at a robust rate while Germany's economy lagged 
“The U.S. economy appears to be the strongest in fee world 
outside of the U.K.." while Germany's economy continues to 
struggle, said Robert Katz, a currency trader at MTB Bank. 

Against fee yen. however, fee dollar will face new chal- 
lenges amid concern over Japan’s resurgent trade surplus and 
fee selling of dollars as Japanese companies repatriate yen 
before the end of their financial year March 3 1 . traders said 

Hie governor, backed by 
Finance Minister Ananuay 
Viravan, . also told Thail- 
and’s 91 finance compa= 
dies to shape up, saying he 
expected many of than to 
merge in fee next few years 
in preparation for greater 
competition - from larger 
foreign firms. 

“The Bank of Thailand 
will sel guidelines encour- 
aging as many mergers as 
posable,” he said “We 
.will use carrot and stick to 
induce mergers, giving 
them incentives, including 
an expanded scope of they; 
licensed business.” 1 4 

Months of market con; 
cem that . the . property, 
slump would bankrupt 
troubled finance firms ex- 
ploded last week when Fi- 
nance One PLC and Thai 
Danu Bank PLC an- 
nounced a friendly merger 
and the government 
ordered 10 finance houses 
to raise capital. 

The government action 
triggered public runs os 
more than 15 billion baht of 
finance-company deposits, 
but withdrawals eased Fri- ■ 
day after fee central banfe ; 
said it would guarantee J 
promissory notes issued bg 
those companies. 

New International Bend Issues 

Compiled by Laurence Desvileftes 



81 Ford Mot Outfit 6ft 02/28/02 99.1250 63600 

83 Mexico D 

6352 12/26/19 86.9246 73100 

Floating Rate Notes 

CRE Finance 

0.62 100.00 — Over 6-month Libor NoncofcMe. Fee* GJQ%DenarelnaBon* *106000. (INGBarinosj 

86 Brazil Cbond S.L 4ft 04/15/14 86.6889 S.190Q 

73 France OAT 
78 France OAT 
106 France OAT 
122 France OAT 
138 UK T-flOte 
1 50 France B.TJLN. 
153 France OAT 
168 Britain 
185 Spain 
206 France OAT 
223 France OAT 
229 France BTAN 
242 Britain 

5ft 04/25/07 

7ft 04/25/05 

5 01/26/9U 

6 03/16/31 

8ft 03/15/02 
9ft 02Z2IAH 
zero 05/14/97 
8W 04/25/22 
9ft 04/25/00 
5 03/16/99 

8 01/27/98 














93 Mexico 

94 Argentina 

96 Brazil 

97 World Bank 
101 Mexico A 
104 Brazil S.L 

108 Bar Caro Ext. 

109 Bulgaria 
Til Argentina 

113 Russia 

114 Venezuela B 

1 18 Ecuador 

119 Argentina L 
125 Poland 

129 Ecuador par 
132 Mexico 

135 Panama 

136 LB Rheinland 

142 Mexico B 

143 Bulgaria 
152 Mexico C 
160 Canada 

170 Credit Local 

171 SakuraCap 
178 Sweden 
182 Canada 
1B3 Poland 
107 MBNA 

lift 09/15/16 1063500 103100 
5ft OVD1/D1 1253000 63295 
8ft 11/05/01 1003500 83500 
538 09/27/99 983000 53700 
6353 12/31/19 893188 73300 
0ft» 04/15/09 86.0000 73300 
714 02/02/04 913500 7.9500 
691*. 07/28/24 625000 105000 
1 1 1QO9/06 105-4760 103300 
9'4 11/27/01 98.0000 93400 

Fuji Finance 

perpt 0.90 100.00 — 

Mere* wfl be 090 ewer frreonfti Ubor until 2002, when Issue is coDafale ol par, thereafter 240 
over. Fees 035*. Denominations 510000. Increased from 5350 mlBon. (Goldman Sachs tafU 

Household Consumer Loan 

Oer 1 -month Ubor. Average Me 24 yeare. Also S48 mffllon paying ft oxer Ubarand 5624 
roHRon paying 03S aw. Fees ai8%- (Lehman Brolhen faitt) 

iba 's E 

Irish Permanent Building 

ftj 99.943 — Over>morth Libor. Average Me 4 yews. Fees 0.125% WSSJ 

6ft 03/31/20 73.7500 9.1500 
6V* 02/28/25 665000 9.6800 
6ft 03/31/23 81.0313 7.8700 
6ft 10/27/24 973222 64400 

3 ft 02/28/25 411250 75400 
7ft 08/06/01 100.9300 75500 

4 07/17/16 834563 47800 
6W Q3/D&Q2 983500 63600 
6ft 12/31/19 89.0039 7.1600 
2ft 07/28/12 414375 5.1800 
6ft 12/31/19 88.9506 7.1700 

7 02/27/02 97.7500 7.1600 
6ft 07/21/05 973055 65200 
6ft 02/1 8/04 983750 6.6100 
6434 12/31/99 99.7364 64500 

Irish Permanent Building 

WO 99324 — OwiroorthUbw.Nana*ibte.lftes03tnLWW 

SGZ Bank 

Gbor 99.714 — Interest wlU be HwSHnanttiLBni.NaiiaaiMUe.FMxa.17SK. (HSBC MofgeU 

St George Bank 

Over3-manlh Ubor. Noncaitabiei Fees 6175%. Denominations SI 0000. (Bodays deZneM* 

Banco di Roma 

Over 3-month Ubor. Noneafabta. Fees 030%. I5BC WdrinngJ 

Sanwa Finance 

perpt 0.70 1 00.00 — 

Interest mfB be 0.70 over 6ttiortfi Lfcor tmlfU MB w4wt Issue Is adtable at par, 140 onrortB 
3007, iheisaflar 2 mar. Private piooaMntbt denominations of 1 00 mfllan yen. Foes 030%. • 
(Sanwa tnfU r . 


6ft 03/0440 995000 65300 
6ft 08/284)6 100.1461 67400 
J 11V27/14 812500 43000 
5535 0W27/14 100.1563 55437 

Caisse d'Amortlssement de 
la Dette Soclale 

6Vfi 101538 

Reoffered at 99511 NoncnlfaMe. Fees I (Deutsche Morgan GrenleU 

192 Stand Chartered 5ft 12/31/99 85.1600 67500 

General Motors Acceptance 

6V: 101.103 

Reoffered at 99.951 NoocaboUe. Fees Iftrib. (SBC WortnirgJ 

French Franc 

116 France OAT SP zero 

117 France OAT 6ft 
124 France OAT zero 
147 France OAT 7ft 
162 France OAT SP zero 
21 4 France BTAN 4ft 
21 6 France OAT 6ft 
218 France OAT 6ft 
239 France B.TJLN. 5ft 

I 173400 
I 813300 
i 1110500 

196 EIB 

198 Fin land 

199 Brazil 

203 Banco mexl 

204 discover Card 
208 Nigeria 

210 Poland par 
215 Argentina 
219 Ferrovie State 
224 Quebec 
226 MBL inttHn 

234 Argentina 

235 Santander Fin 
238 Mexico 

243 Italy B 
245 ANZ BUng 
250Mydfo Trust 

7V» 09/18/06 102.6535 69400 
n 07/2804 1063750 74000 

6 09/1 VI 3 743467 0.0800 
6362 05/12/97 99.9000 63700 
5.702 02/16/07 101.0467 5.6400 

6ft 11/15/20 07.1667 93100 
3 10/77/24 565000 5.3100 
83* 12/70/03 95.7806 8.7400 
9ft 07/06/09 116*1 7.8100 

7 01/30/07 98.7500 7.0900 

3 11/3002 101.1250 2.9700 

5ft 09/01/02 1095000 5.8856 
5.754 02/13/07 98,9671 68100 
9ft 02AJ601 1033750 93900 
zero 01/10/01 78.0000 66600 
5ft 02/28/07 997500 5.7600 
6'V» 09/15/07 91.1546 60960 

IBM inti Finance 

6Vi 100.902 

Reaffered at 993Z7. Nanctilabte. Fees 1WX>. (ABM-AMRO Hoare GavelU 

Development Bank 

JG Summit Philippines 


Aft 99.302 

NoncnUabJe. Fees 0325%. (Morgan Stanley Inti) 

8ft 99.454 — Noncaftabie. Fees 060%. (IMG Borfrtgsj 

— Sendonmrally. NoncBUobte private ptocement. Fees 030%. (Ydnuidil htfU 

— Nancollab)& Fees 0625%. (J.P. Moroon SeeurMesJ 

Suedwest LB Capital 

NoncaUafate. Fees 0325%. (UBSJ 

Toyota Motor Credit Corp. 
Watt Disney 

EuropeonTnvestment Bank 

6ft 101.0785 99.70 

Aft 100.794 99.75 

Reoftered at 99891. Nanctftabie. Fees lft%. (Merrill Lynch Inti) 
Reoffered at 99819. NonmBabie. Fees lft%. (Womura 1BTL) 

4ft 101315 

The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, March 10-14 

Noncdlobte. Fungftte with outstanOng Issuw raising total amount to 500 mBAon marks. Fees 
lWMCSFKt Boston) 

Rabobank Nederland 

2001 4ft 102.10 — Reoffned at 9936 Noncallable. Fees 2VWb.(RotebanlO 

tenet 1 

A scbadula Of Ms week’s economic snd financial events, compBodfor the International Heratd Tobunoby Btoomtwg Business News. 

Bank Austria 

1999 6ft 101.0195 — 




Expected Tokyo: Foodex '97 International Ex- 
This Week position, featuring cooking demon- 
strations and food product displays. 
Tuesday through Friday. 

BGB Finance 
B0C Group 

2012 8 99353 — 

2002 7W 99308 — 

Barcelona: Inter-American Develop- Rio de Janeiro: Forum on sustain- Commerzbank 

ment Bank seminars in advance of 
annual meeting. Thursday and Fri- 

Hannover, Germany: CeBit trade 

able development and review of pro- 
gress since 1992 “Earth Summit.” 
Starts Thursday. 

Washington: “The Outlook for Free 

2007 7ft 99327 — 

Export Development Co. 

1998 6 1004)0 — 

Federal National Mortgage 

2001 6j43 100.00 — 

Reoffered at 99332. NaxoUabte. Fees nwt Hilda Eurapa) 
NoncattBble. Fees 050%. DenomfaiaitansCiaOOO. (SBC WMwgJ 
Nonaflabte Fees 030% (HSBC MarHetej 
NancoUable. Few 040% DanonUnoflons £10006 (CMimwzMnU 
NonaiUoble private ptacement. Fees 050% (NMo EurapeJ 
NorKnlWjle private ptocwrw6 Fees 1W%(DaJwnEoropeJ 

fair on telecommunications and com- Trade in the Americas," a forum 

puter industry. Starts Thursday. 

sponsored by the Institute of the 
Americas. Monday and Tuesday. 

Federal National Mortgage 

2002 6% 99524 — 

Sernlamua»y.NanaHab%Fung>)ievrfm outstanding Issue, raising tetnt trmouitilo cl 35 , 
baton. Fees 035% (Barclays de Zoe* WeddJ 

New Zealand 

March 10 

Tokyo; Wholesale price index for 
February; resumption of the trial of 
the former Sumrtomo copper trader 
Yasuo Hamanaka. 

Oslo: Consumer price index for 

Prague: Inflation data for February. 

Ottawa: New-vehicle sales for Jan- 

Washington: Agriculture Depart- 

Solnsbury CJ-J 

2000 6ft 100.8055 
2002 7ft 99308 

2002 7ft 101^95 
”2000 610 10030 

Earnings: Malayan Credit, Shin-Dai- aJ. IMI, Pentiand Group, Psion, UK 

Earnings: Gerry Weber Intemation- ment to issue weekly report on plant- Boyerische Landesbonk” 

Reoftared at 99616 Noncobibls. Fees lft% (Barefcirs de Zoota WedtU 

Noncoltabte. Fees 030% (SBC WbifaurgO 

ReeAered at 9937. NonatitaMe. Fees lft%(Sa)onianBfDiheRilnrL) 

Semiannually. NomaltoMe private ptocereent. Fees 1ft% (Namara Infw" 

wa Kogyo, Toa Wool Spinning & 

Ing progress for seven crops. 
Earnings: Atrix Laboratories. 

2007 4 101.00 — 

interesJ wBl be urufl 200a thereaflw TEC-10 less 696 Rsoffered utpar. NoncnSabte. Fees 

1325%. DenanJnalTons 1 rnMon francs. (Lehman BrathaB IntU 



2007 5ft 101535 — Reoffered ol 99JB6 NoneoWoble. Fees 2% ( Ra boban k mnj 

March 11 

Earnings: Ashton Mining, Coca-Co- Bern: Gross domestic product data 

ia Amatil, Tamron, Tsurumi Soda. 

for fourth quarter. 

Jerusalem: Foreign trade data for 

Washington: Labor productivity 
and costs for fourth quarter and 
wholesale trade data for January. 
Buenos Aires: Deadline for 1996 

Europeon investment Bonk 
Europeon investment Bank 

“PTE 204)00 


2007 6ft 100.03 99.15 

2007 5ft 95322 92.90 

2017 zero 7.45 725 

Earnings: Generate de Banque, Me- earnings from companies whose fi- 

diaset. Royal PTT Nederland. 

nancial years ended Dec. 31. 

Boyerrscrie Landesbonk 
European Investment Bank 

1999 1M 10154 — 

Nancteabta.Feasllu%(BiarKSSDntonderdeNegodasJ ' — 

NonaiHobJe. issue may be redenominated in wires ailef EMU. Fee* 249% (BonooaSFj' 

Yield 1337% Noncnllable. Preoeeds 2S9inlKoti rend. Fees 050% (Hwnbres 8anU ‘ 
Nonraltoble private ptacement. Fees 620% Denominations 100 aiBOon yen. (Dalwo Eurapaj 

2000 646 100.00 — 

Senriannunlly.' Redemption at maturity whl be In AushaBon (MKbs. NancaBaUe private 
ptocemeni. Fees 130% (LTCB (nnj 

Y1 004)00 2017 3.45 9960 — Nancoliable private ptaewnent Fees no>andhUe.(NBckDEuiape) 

Wednesday Jakarta: Bakrie & Brothers holds 

March 12 

extraordinary shareholders' meeting 
to approve sale of its Indocopper 
Investama stake to Nusamaba Min- 
eral Industri. 

Earnings: Ohmori. 

Prague: Industrial-production data 
for January. 

Rome: Data on trade with non-EU 
nations in January. 

Stockholm: Gross domestic prod- 
uct for fourth quarter and consumer 
price index for February. 

Ottawa: New-homes price index for 

Washington: Summary of 12 Fed- 
eral Resen/e banks’ surveys of re- 
gional economic activity. 

Earnings: General Mills, Toys R 

Last Week's Markets Euromarts 

Stock Indexes 

Money Rates 

Eurobond Yields 

Weekly Sates 

Thursday Wellington: Central bank to issue Madrid: Inflation data for February. 
March 13 economic forecast Oslo: Trade balance for February. 

Earnings: Nakamfchi Leasing. Seki- Earnings: Cordiant Kredietbank, 
wa Real Estate, Subaru Enterprise. Roy ale Beige. Thyssen. 

Buenos Aires: Agriculture Depart- 
ment to issue report for four crops. 
Washington: Initial weekly state un- 
employment compensation insur- 
ance claims. Retail sales data tor 
February. Weekly money supply. 
Earnings: Land's End. 

UnBed Slates 

□J Indus. 


DJ Trans. 




Prime rate 
Federal funds rate 

MattH7 Feb. 28 

5 DO 5 DO 

6U BI6 

5ta 5W 

Mar7 RA.JS YT nl* Yr to. 

Prinay Matter 

NaSdod Cp 
FTSE 100 
T5E Indus. 
CAC to 

Hang Kona 

Hang Sena 



March 14 

Sydney: Money-supply data for 

Earnings: Odawara Engineering. 
Ono Sokki, Royal, Sydney Harbour 
Casino Holdings. 

Helsinki: Consumer price index for 

Jerusalem: Consumer and local-in- 
dustry wholesale price indexes for 

Earnings: Creditanstalt Investment 
Bank, Heineken. 

Ann Arbor. Michigan: University of 
Michigan to issue index of con- 
sumer sentiment for March. 
Washington: Producer price index 
for February; business inventories 
and sales data for January. 

CoJI mow 
S^nonKi Interbank 

0.50 050 

642 647 

656 656 

1619674 16557.00 

442630 430830 


Bank base idle 
Call moner 
Sreonrn rntertxtnk 

600 600 

6Wt 600 

611 6*v 

626190 615430 

170838 160755 


Intel rerfrion rots 
Coll money 
Xagntn interbank 

MO M0 

3Vb 3H 

L3. 6 longterm 
U-5 l 6 mdm term 
U.S. 6 snail term 
Pounds SlerUnB 
French fronts 
Italian lire 
Danish loaner 
Swedish latvw 
ECUs, tang term 
ECUs, mdm term 



634 665 
443 6 38 
6!9 64» 
733 7M 
4.14 430 

753 7.19 
550 841 
5.13 4.97 
695 537 
484 479 

5.95 537 
755 732 
7.97 7.55 
131 1.71 

639 453 
643 610 

619 696 
742 7J» 
4.56 444 
753 698 
532 538 
5.19 4JS 
619 596 
SJU 4.76 
638 530 
735 7.11 
7J8 7.19 
1.94 130 

Strat^tfs 257.9 *759.1 1,6463 
Corwert. — 03 213 1764 

wwrwcib. — tU JIJi I/O* 

FRNs 13304 4TO3 9013 5154 ^n, , 

ECP 12.1146 9,1048 123048 11X2184 *. 

Tom 1170M 103845 148715 1M444 . “I 

Secondary MortuBt - ? 

* HMS % MM 

Shai0ffl528349J 223164113,1461 341214 

Convert 8126 OT3 33866 Z&S5 
FRJj* 173548 6471.9 64JV14 03368 

Source. Luxembourg stack enAanss, 

gCP 194)969 148269 258*13 30M7M ’k : 

Tidal 657T3J 460954 206686 Sto7 
SoutCft Euradeas CeiM Bank. .y 

137620 125964 

Cat! mon ey 

450 450 

113 115 

125 125 

Libor Rates 

1133735 1139833 

840.19 843.73 

Gold Moran 7 Feb.2B%Oi'ge 

London pin. ffcj 35030 35660 -131 

WorWlndex from jMorgan Stonier OsriW Inn Perspedtve. 

U.S. 5 5»kj cu, a 

Deutsche morK 3W 3* 3V4 

Pound starling 6ft, 6V» 

5ow«sr Lloyds Born, Heutea. 




■ 1 

,d "• Aid 

y I iL 

’•* neIHT sileonthe World 

'if ^ : /AwW.iht.cnm 


MON DAI* MARCH 10, 1997 

! Ikj 

18 Bo "dL I ir e 9 uest s Demonstrate 
; v B Dich Are Different 

ieow « Pittance to toe Help 

| The Ultimate in Severance Pay 

, Most estate lawyers advise jweaithy tiBeqfe to. bestow posmumaus.fiffis on toek 
employees. But riot aB of Chora do. Here is bow. some who served toe rich have 
: fated the years/ Rgur^arenc^a^^ ••. 

/ : •• :> . * .*•• ■ facet* of-. 

■ Bentf&ttor " Emphye# ' ' Bequest . 

Bette Davis . . v -lCtf)iyriSennatr ... ...v. '••'• 5 4oo'oob* : ' «J,OQO% 

L .. --■>•■. err.... , [: By David J. Morrow 

■ Kf. n : NeW York T,mn jgggr 

. NEWTORIC — ■ WhenHanyHelms- 

>5(1 Sri?*!* 8 " *“•-**•»* mogul. 

-? dred J n to"**, he left a S1.7 billion 

^iS?P S£2P'!T a * oa< * b **V*to- 

V.^%f Han, Helms- 

^ ":e: 

> - = s ; reward for decari*.* ’of h- . “■ muscu,e Don Howarth, a partner at Howan 

• - : -:r *T V*. - T^l I Sattd iu^fna nJTj"' Smith - * e ^ Angeles law firm 

4 i Sfest s^afSiuto s ** wor,d s ^“5^ hil r * ■ *“* ^ ■ 

•vw “■■ ^tr<r-. i ■ At - . Duke, the billionaire tobacco hei 

At le “ l Ms. Fned got something. 
■ * I Harnman, the international so- 

j 5“«* ambassador to France who 
", ?■•. I m February, cut Janet Howard her 
1: .; V J personal assistant of 16 years, out of her 
j wiliafterthe two quarreled over money 
• '•■ '•vm 4j.people cJo$e to Mrs. Harriman have' 
• -At; *.■*" said. And she twisted the knife, not only 
m fists I making $20,000 bequests to two 

.•.„ *1“ wrfc, [ gardeners, a cook and a chauffeur, but 
r ' Ana,. | also leaving half her estate to a daugh- 

| tor-m-Iaw estranged from her son. 
L*_" V. “ L I - .These slights from the grave have 
-U. . I raised the eyebrows of estate lawyers 
. • " : / ‘ as; j and the anger of many of the 2.6 million 

- : ... " r . i executive assistants, personal secretar- 

. V ;■ •-•'■i I.-,, j fes and other servants of rich and power- 

-7 ' - j ful Americans. 

.. ^ j r And it raises a question: Do sec- 

. * • : ; rctaries and personal assistants, who 

; ra ay have spent their entire careers 
• :?:•• j forking for one person, have any legal 

- r_ - m fr 1 cla i™ to toek bosses' estates? Are they 
- - : | merely wage-earners, or are they crucial 

- . i oecision-makers whose selfless devo- 
■ } rion was a factor in increasing their 

I patrons’ wealth or public standing? 
j Neither Ms. Fried nor Ms. Howard 
— - L .would comment on the financial 
■“^^^^^^^abrushoSs they got from their former 
"bosses. But conversations with the 

former top assistants to some of the 

~ most formidable personalities of recent 

Executive assistants point to their re- 
sponsibilities and years of service as 
cause for inclusion in their bosses' wills. 
Many estate lawyers agree, believing 
that a bequest serves as an employee 
bonus and an act of good will. 

“It's common today far wealthy em- 
ployers — chief executives and celeb- 
rities — to leave their longtime em- 
ployees some form of a bequest,” said 
Don Howarth, a partner at Howarth «fc 
Smith, the Los Angeles law firm that 
drew up one of the last wills of Doris 
Duke, the billio nair e tobacco heiress, 
“ft is regarded as a bonus, son of a final 
severance. What you don’t want is for 
the bequest to be taken as a slap in the 
face if it's too small.” 

Many estate lawyers believe that 
longtime assistants deserve an inher- 
itance of at least two years' salary from 
their bosses, and more if the service has 
been especially complicated. 

For all their pains during their bosses' 
lifetime, the servants of the high and 
mighty rarely get rich. Their salaries 
roday are generally in the $40,000-to- 
$60,000 range. 

John Minary, who was executive as- 
sistant to Wiliam Paley during the ex- 
ecutive's years as chairman of CBS Inc., 
not only worked without health insur- 
ance for three decades, he said he never 
saw a single share of CBS stock and 
rarely received a gift. 

‘‘Sometimes they’re fun to work with 
and sometimes they're not,” Mr. Min- 
ary said, summing up the experience of 
serving the mighty. “Mr. Paley was 
great nm, but that didn't help relieve the 
boredom on those days 1 had to prepare 
menial reports for him." 

But if Mr. Minary had days of 
drudgery, he also enjoyed tremenous 
power in the Paley household. He over- 
saw the family finances, and biograph- 
ers said he occasionally tangled with 
Mr. Paley *s wife. Babe, over how much 

JckkpHttft&Onasste Nancy Tuckerman 
~ v ' .'pe$ malsGcrelary 

boris Dulse v Bernard Lafferty'. ! 

• I • fart fer ' . , ' 

Pamela Harriman . .. WJ 8 iam Hoogevoen, 

Bequest estate vakte 

S’ 4(30,000* : 

. 250.000 0.572 

S,5dd^6ot ' . . ; ; 0.458 • 

Hoogevoen^EartLoy, 20,000 


■ ■ Habfo Ahmed, eftaafl&y . 

Chafes Hereon Katharine Lowary _ r 210 .QQ 0 

Harry ^ Truman -.floes Comfeay.--; " ' / 1 ^) 00 . 

/• >/; * • secretary, ,.-v •_ 

JacqueRne OnassJ s * PninrtiteTcia Paredes • • 60,000 

. .... . A ... tHrt&r-- i 

wWSmHafey;; : . Johpli^ary 

10,000 ‘ . ; 0.160 

■. tpoaoo. v ■/■■■oaBte. 

L^RJon B. Jbhoeon 3 , 000 . .. -.tWriS-' 

Mar^TJajtet, 4^j*a Ftttoerts' ! ‘ {easty""; 

■' \»ecPm $\. ■' v ". ' ' : ■’ .- ; ." 

51 rttoSm-: ‘ • ’r Soumss:,Hert>&i£. *jtogtva& ' 

American history, most of them now Mr. Paley *s wife. Babe, over how much 
dead, help explain why some people put she could spend on Christmas presents, 
up with lifetimes of toil with only faint “Anything he needed me to do, I did,” 
.hope of ever getting a big payoff. Mr. Minary said. Mr. Minary died last 

month, shortly after he was interviewed 
for this article; Mr. Paley died in 1990. 

While it is unusual for employees to 
inherit a windfall, it does occur, usually 
when the boss is childless or squabbling 
with relatives. 

For years, estate lawyers believed 
that employees who were included in 
wills were a random lot. but this may not 
be the case: Bosses who write wills 
when they are dying are much more 
likely to include their employees, law- 
yers say. John F. Kennedy, for instance, 
did not update his will during his pres- 
idency, and thus excluded his longtime 
secretory. Evelyn Lincoln. But Jac- 
queline Kennedy Onassis, who died in 
1994 after a Ions battle against cancer, 
rewrote her will in her final months and 
left 5250.000 to her assistant, Nancy 
Tuckerman: $50,000 to her private 
White House maid. Providencia 

Paredes, and 525,000 each to several 
other employees. 

Whether or not the deceased is in- 
clined to be generous, excluding long- 
time assistants from a will may nor be 
wise, lawyers advise, because then they 
might make claims. Several former em- 
ployees of Jeny Garcia, leader of the 
Grateful Dead rock band, who died in 
1995, are seeking chunks of his mi- 
ultimil I ion -dollar estate, including his 
acupuncturist, trainer, personal man- 
ager and former housekeeper. 

Most, however, have a slim chance of 
winning. “It’s definitely possible the 
employee could win a claim against a 
will,” said Herbert Nass, a Manhattan 
trust and estate lawyer and author of 
“Wills of the Rich and Famous.” But, 
he added, “it helps the case greatly if 
there was some written document or 
some intention that was understood." 

Cuba’s Economic ‘Boom’ Is Not All That Apparent 

Cuba is among the world’s last Com- 
_munist countries, and, despite its des- 
perate economic straits, the odds are that 
it won’t change soon. 

“The system is here to stay; we don’t 
want and we don’t need to change,” 
said Joaquim Oramos, a journalist with 

Granina, the Communist Party news- 

— - — n paper. He said Fidel Castro’s modest 
; : reforms, which include the slightly lib- 
eral 1995 foreign-investment Jaw and 

“measures that allow Cubans to run res- 

_taurants and drive taxis — and cam 

V dollars — are aim ed at sustaining the 
‘Lsystem, not undermining it. 

He admitted that they had been bom 
_of necessity after the collapse of the 
Soviet Union, which formerly bank- 
"rolled the Cuban system. 

Mr.- Oramos said a democratic system 
""would not have been able to withstand the 

U.S. blockade of Cuba that had persisted 
since the beginning of the 1960s. 

The official line is that Mr. Castro's 
reform shave encouraged interest among 
would-be investors, especially in tour- 
ism and agricultural processing. With 
more than 250 joint ventures registered, 
Cuba’s largest investments to date — by 
Mexico in the phone company and 
Canada in nickel processing — will soon 
be surpassed in size, officials say. 

“Trie economy is booming,’’ said 
Amadeo Blanco, deputy president of 
Canas, a body set up to mediate between 
foreign investors and the government 
He pointed to government figures for 
1996 that showed gross domestic 
product expanding 7.8 percenL 

“When investors come here and look 
around, they are impressed, and say. ‘To 
hell with Helms-Bunon,’ ” he said, re- 

ferring to the U.S. law aimed at pen- 
alizing foreign companies that do busi- 
ness with Cuba. 

Troubles for Tourists 

For a country that expects tourism to 
be its cash cow, Cuba has a thing or two 
to learn. It isn’t just the overcharging 
that irks — tourists often pay 40 times as 
much as locals — it is that its economic 
crisis makes being a tourist grim. 

Want to visit, for history s sake, the 
Museum of the Revolution, boused in 
what was once the presidential palace of 
die dictator Fulgenrio Battista? 

Don’t, because you will be charged 
the local equivalent of a week's pay. 

Want to see the aquarium or the 

Don't bother Most of the exhibits are 

Internet Firms Gather in a Blue Period 

Bloomberg News 

The information 
high way is not paved 
with gold. Most of the 
more than 600 companies 
~ gathering this week for die 
- Spring Inte rnet World confer- 
ence in Los Angeles, including 
- - AT&T Coro.. Wired Ventures 
Inc. and C/Net Inc., Have yet to 
- -make money on their on-line 
^businesses, and investors have 
soured, at least temporarily, on 
^initial public offerings for In- 
— temet content providers. 

Hundreds of smaller Web- 

site developers will get out of 
the business or be bought over 
the next year, analysts pre- 
dict, as such well-capitalized 
companies as Microsoft 
Corp. and Wait Disney Co. 
strengthen their on-line grip. 

“A few years ago, you 
could start an on-line busi- 
ness with just a credit, card 
and an expense report," said 
Dan Rosenbaum, editor of 
Mecklermedia Corp.’s Inter- 
net Shopper magazine. 
“Those days are gone.” 

As many as one-third of the 
Internet’s roughly 300.000 


March 7 

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commercial sites could dis- 
appear in the next year, said 
Gary Aden, president of Ar- 
len Communications, a new- 
media research firm. 

“The business is very 
sober now," he said. 

Internet companies have 
had some big wake-up calls. 
Politics Now, a Web site run 
by The Washington Post, 
ABC and the National Journal, 
shut down recently. AT&T has 
pulled the plug on some so- 
called content ventures, such 
as a health site on the Web. 

Wired Ventures, publisher 
of Wired magazine, canceled 
an initial public offering and 
said last month that it would 
drop the British version of the 

Apple Computer Inc., 
whose chairman, Gilbert 
Amelio, will address the In- 
ternet World gathering Wed- 
nesday, has had its own prob- 
lems, including a dwindling 
market share. Mr. Amelio 
plans to outl ine on Friday how 
many people the company will 
lay off and give details about a 
planned restructuring. 

But growth remains in the 
markeL Among highlights at 
die conference, which runs 
through Friday, America On- 
line Inc. is to unveil versions of 
its service, along with products 
making it easier for sub- 
scribers to design Web sites. 

Digital Equipment Co. will 
demonstrate software that al- 
lows users to send voice elec- 
tronic mail on the Internet. 

■ New Microsoft Flaw 

Another security flaw has 
turned up in Microsoft's In- 
ternet Explorer browser. The 
Associated Press reported 
from Seattle. Like one found 
last week, it could let a Web- 

site operator to wreak havoc in 
another person's computer. 

This second defect would 
allow the operator to nm pro- 
grams secretly on another 
computer, send e-mail under 
someone else's name, 
severely damage software 
stored on a hard drive or wipe 
out the hard drive altogether. 

“Scary, Isn't it?" said Dan 
Kusnetzky, director of the cli- 
ent-server environments pro- 
gram at International Data i 
Corp., after hearing a technical : 
description of the flaw, which 
was discovered by a Uni- 
versity of Maryland student. 

The most dangerous aspect 
of this second bug in Internet i 
Explorer 3.0 is for users run - 1 
ning Windows NT 4.0 with 
Service Pack 1 or 2 who are 
not protected by “firewalls,” 
or computer security barriers 
typically used by large busi- 
nesses to prevent unauthorized 
entry through cyberepace. 

That makes it a much more 
narrow problem than earlier 
glitch, found in Internet Ex- 
plorer versions 3.0 and 3.01 for 
the Windows 95 and Windows 
NT 4.0 operating systems. 

Mr. Kusnetzky said the 
maximum possible number of 
machines from which some- 
one could take advantage of 
the second flaw was 500.000 
to 750,000; the maximum 
number for the earlier problem 
topped 48 million machines. 

The second bug would al- 
low a malicious operator to 
put an innocuous-looking icon 
or graphic on a Web page that, 
if double-clicked, would ac- 
tivate a damaging program or 
virus capable of bypassing se- 
curity measures and secretly 
entering a personal computer. 

Internet address; Cyber - 

dead because there hasn’t been enough 
money for feed. Want to rent a car? 
Don't, unless you want io pay $150 a 
day for an old. midrange European car, 
because all the cheaper ones need parts, 
thanks, apparently, to Heims-Burton. 

Still, at the end of 1 996. Cuba, which 
until 1959 was the Caribbean destin- 
ation, welcomed its millionth tourist for 
the year, a post-revolution reconi It 
promises that investors, unable to resist 
the country's tropical allure, will soon 
follow the lead of Spain's Sol Melia 
Group, whose hotel is Havana's nicest. 

A Long Way to Go 

Little of Cuba’s supposedly dynamic 
growth seems to have trickled down to 
ordinary Cubans, who often rail at the 
inequities of a dual economy. 

Some of them have access to dollars — 
and can thus find (imported) things to buy 
— others do not A fuel shortage has 
bitten hard, making prices prohibitive to 
most locals. Public transport is rare, also 
because of the shortage of spare pans. 

Posted slogans read Venceremos! 
(We Will Win!) — and Sociatismo a 
Muene (Socialism or Death 1 ). But a taxi 
driver offered his own perspective on 
the latter one. “For Fidel, maybe." he 
said. “For us, socialism is death!" 

Justin Keay 

International Funds Listing 

Track the performance of over 1,800 
international fimds, every day, on the IHT 
site on the World Wide Web. 

’• http:/ywww.ihLco ni 

PAGE ll 

German ‘Wise Man’ 
Casts Doubt on EMU 

Bonn Will Miss Targets , He Says 


BONN — Doubts that Germany will 
make the grade for European monetary 
union gained new force over the week- 
end when a top government adviser 
called for a delay and a leading research 
institute cut its growth forecast. 

Herbert Hax, head of the so-called 
five wise men, an economic advisory 
panel, said Germany would probably 
miss targets set by the Maastricht treaty 
for its annual budget deficit and overall 
public debt this year. Bui Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl, disputing the forecast, said 
Germany would meet its commitments. 

In one of the most forthright cri- 
ticisms by a senior German adviser so 
far. Mr. Hax said Bonn should put off 
joining the common currency until its 
financial house was in order. 

“The truth is quite simple: Stability 
comes before the timetable," Mr. Hax 
told the newspaper Bild am Sonntag. 

Finance Minister Theo Waigel has 
pledged to cut the budget deficit this 
year to below the limit of 3 percent of 
gross domestic product stipulated for 
membership in the single currency. 

“The government forecast is 2.9 per- 
cent, but there are others who predict 
over 3 percent,” Mr. Hax said, accord- 
ing to the newspaper. “If you take the 
stability criteria seriously. Germany 
will probably not be able to introduce 
the euro as planned in 1999.” 

He also said Germany would prob- 
ably overstep the EMU public debt tar- 
get of 60 percent of GDP in 1997. 

A Finance Ministry spokesman said i t 
was too early to judge whether Germany 
or other EU countries would be able to 
join EMU. 

Mr. Hax’s comments carry weight 
because the forecasts of the politically 
independent wise men underpin gov- 
ernment budget planning. The group in 
November forecast a deficit this year of 
3.3 percent of GDP. down from 3.8 
percent for 1996. 

Mr. Waigel’s budget assumes eco- 
nomic growth of 2.5 percent — but that 
forecast received a blow Saturday after 
another of Germany's top-ranking eco- 
nomic research groups knocked a half- 
point off its GDP growth forecast 

The magazine Focus said toe institute 

known the IWH as had cut its growth 
forecast to 2 percent because of the econ- 
omy's stagnation in the final quarter of 
1 996. The IWH is the second top think 
tank to cut its growth forecast to 2 per- 
cent but a third, the DFW institute, said it 
expected the government growth forecast 
to be met Still, the IFW predicted a 
deficit equal to 3.5 percent of GDP. 

Although unemployment is expected 
to fall during the spring, lower tax rev- 
enue and extra costs related to jobless 
benefits are already tipping toe fiscal 
arithmetic against Mr. Waigel. 

Mr. Hax said Germany and the EU had 
to make it dear whether they intended to 
make use of the leeway offered by 
Maastricht or to put off monetary union 
until state finances were in better shape. 

"Either you loosen toe criteria, and 
you have to say so now. or Germany will 
have to get ready for toe euro later,” he 
said. "Unfortunately, the politicians 
have turned the possibility of a delay 
into a taboo.” 

“Germany and a group of other coun- 
tries will probably not fulfill the con- 
vergence criteria before 1998; only after 
.that can toe euro be introduced in all 
these countries.' ' Mr. Hax added. 

That would mean that the euro would 
be launched in 2000. “That would be 
better than if four or five countries 
march ahead,” Mr. Hax said. 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl countered 
Mr. Hax’s remarks, saying Germany 
would fulfill the criteria for European 
monetary union and that toe single cur- 
rency would be launched as planned in 
1999. “We will stick to both toe agreed 
start date and toe convergence criteria," 
he said in a speech Saturday to delegates 
to a tourism fair in Berlin. 

■ Dim Sees No Risk of Delay 

Foreign Minister Lamberto Dini of 
Italy said he saw no risk of a delay to the 
planned 1999 start of economic and 
monetary union, but he did not rule out a 
delay to the decision on who should 
qualify, Reuters reported from Venice. 

“Toward toe end of toe year, we will 
be in a position to see whether the 
decisions on which countries will par- 

S ate from toe start will need to be put 
a bit.” Mr. Dini said Saturday. 

$ 10.3 Billion Deal With CSX 
Opens Way for Conrail Breakup 

OmpilrJh, Our ihfff Fnwa Papah hrz 

PHILADELPHIA — Conrail Inc. 
and CSX Corp. have reached agreement 
on a revised $10.3 billion deal, in a 
move that sets toe stage for a final 
breakup of Conrail after a bitter 
takeover battle. 

The revised deal would pay Conrail 
shareholders $1 15 a share in cash within 
90 days and allow CSX and Norfolk 
Southern Corp. to negotiate a division of 
Conrad's assets. 

The agreement means that Norfolk 
Southern will drop its fight against a 
CSX-Conrail merger and that toe rival 
suitors will split Philadelphia-based Con- 
rail between them, thwarting CSX’s bid 
to acquire Conrail alone and keep it intact. 
The announcement of the deal came late 
Friday after a Conrail board meeting. 

It formalized the end of toe some- 
times emotional struggle by Conrad's 
chairman. David LeVan, to keep intact 
the railroad that was formed by toe 
federal government in 1976 from six 
bankrupt Northeastern U.S. railroads. 

“Conrad's board and management 
would have preferred for the Conrail 

system to remain intact," Mr. LeVan 
said in a statement released late Friday. 
However, under the circumstances as 
they developed, we have succeeded in 
negotiating the best possible transaction 
for all of Conrad's constituencies.” 

Conrail announced an S8.4 billion 
cash and stock merger with CSX in Oc- 
tober. But Norfolk Southern, with deeper 
pockets, soon launched its own bid for 
Conrail, seeking to prevent Conrad's 
monopoly on lucrative Northeastern U.S. 
rail routes from falling to a competitor. 

In January, Conrail shareholders re- 
jected an increased CSX offer that still 
fell short of Norfolk Southern's all-cash 
bid of $ 1 15 a share. 

The resulting stalemate was not 
broken until Norfolk Southern ap- 
proached CSX with a plan to divide 
Conrail. That plan, presented Feb. 24. 
was accepted by all parties as the basis 
for dividing Conrail. Norfolk Southern 
said Friday. 

Norfolk Southern and CSX said they 
would enter talks on completing a joint 
purchase of Conrail shares and other 
details. < Reuters. Bloomberg) 


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Casino Investors to Trump: Just Tell Us the Odds 

By James Stemgold 
— u*»y*ki wsJL 

gambliijg^bfe y °l a PP roach a 

^ckedLSvou w W the , «** « 
pretty clear idea of wte? d you p,a y wi * a 
Stottid ftte2y°55£^? U ?* Up asainsL 

gambling stock? “ ” when playing a 


credibility riteTfeZ^n “T^. '? cks 
projections. U g meet °pnmjsUc 

of™ e SS k in' r m ad ‘^ at less *“ °nc-diird 
0 mon£ hs ago — it dosed at 

l35 7 b, F M^, y i§% ParedWith a P«k of nearly 
* y 1996 ~~ raising t he question of 


ffljetfler it is now a good buy simply because 
of this precipitous &op. p y ause 

Iv Jf J *° nde T r w ^y investors and ana- 
ly^are steenng clear of a company that 

2j£5L a “ y i! ,e for a turrSround 
and is pretty well managed. 

. F ^ e ! e IS . why: Casino stocks have been hit 
hard m the past year, largely because im- 
portant markets are either awash in river boat 
casinos, as in the Midwest, or have shown 
scant revenue growth, as in Atlantic City. 
New Jersey. 

Mr. Trump's company is focused on Al- 

lanuc City, which has also been hurt by 
casino expansions and fierce promotional 
wars. This is in contrast to robust gains there 
just a year earlier. Those gains may have 
been * ‘an aberration," Bruce Turner, an ana- 
lyst with Salomon Brothers, said, but he 
added: “We have no expectation yet that the 
market is going to bounce back soon. There’s 

just no growth." 

Consider the revenue of die Trump Plaza 
casino, one of the company’s properties. The 
house's winnings plunged 18 percent last 
year, to an average of $232.28 for each slot 
machine or seat at a gambling table. Revenue 
at another property. Trump Castle, fell 10 
percent, to $250.6 million. 

Not surprisingly, an index of gambling 
stocks calculated by Bear, Steams & Co. has 
dropped 25 percent from its peak in June 
1996, a period in which the overall stock 
market rose smartly. 

But the decline is modest compared with 
the roughly 70 percent fall in Trump shares. 
Some refer ro this difference as "the Donald 
discount," based on the fact that Mr. Trump 
forecast huge revenue increases early last 
year that did not materialize. 

For instance, Mr. Tnunp said several 
times last year that his new riverboat in Gary, 
Indiana, near Chicago, would generate $100 
million a year in revenue. Yet for die six 
months it operated in 1996, it produced a 
little more than $20 million. 

“Any time you have a situation where a 
company makes very bold projections and 
doesn't meet them, you have a credibility 
issue," said Jason Ader, an analyst with Bear 

. a -yv ■ 

-•32 v 7* * *' 

•: — 

Trump’s Slump 

Weekly doses for Trump Hotels 
and Casino Resorts Inc. 

Symbol DJT 

5 ■■ Friday’s €&&* $9.75 

O l ■ r ' - 

1996 1997 

Source: Bloomberg Financial Markets 


Steams. "They're not in a position now 
where they can tell the market they have a 
plan and know how to execute it.” 

Nicholas Ribis, chief executive of Tiump 
Hotels & Casino Resorts, complained that 
the problem was not rosy projections but the 
fall-off in Atlantic City. 

"The market was disappointed in us. and 
we’re disappointed in ourselves," he said. 
He added: “The basics of the company are 
great. Our performance in the first quarter, I 
can assure you, is going to exceed analysts' 

But Steve Ruggiero, a bond analyst with 
Chase Securities, is skeptical. “The biggest 
problem is they aren’t forthcoming with all 
the analysis," he said. "It raises suspi- 

Mr. Ruggiero was quick to add that the 
company’s bonds seemed like a good in- 
vestment, particularly mortgage bonds on 
the Trump Plaza, which currently yield about 
1 1.4 percent. But the company's openness is 
an issue even with this investment. 

"The whole point is, we think the bonds 
hade inefficiently because of the lack of 
information from the company." Mr. Rug- 
giero said. Investors have been skeptical of 
the gambling company for other reasons, 
too. Last October, Mr. Trump angered in- 
vestors by selling the Trump Castle, which 
he owned personally, to his public company, 
of which he owns about 40 percent of the 
stock, for $490 million. 

Some analysts complained that the sale 
was taking place at the top of the market, was 
based on optimistic profit projections and 
was about $100 million too high. The deal 
went through — and the stock quickly lost 
about 30 percent of its value. 

Cablevision Deal Riles Some Big Stockholders 

By Geraldine Fabrikant 

New York Times Service 

' NEW YORK — No matter bow pleased 
.. Charles Dolan, chairman of Cablevision Sys- 
tetn Cor p., is that his company has agreed to 
„ pay ITT Corp. $650 million and assume debt 
of $1 1 5 million for the half of Madison Square 
- Garden that it does not already own , some key 
Cablevision shareholders are angry. 

They contend that with cable operators 
" under pressure to slash debt and increase 
profits, Cablevision — one of the industry's 
•I most highly leveraged companies — is going 
$ • in the opposite direction. 

Gordon Crawford, a senior vice president at 
. Capital Research & Mana g ement Group, 

■ whose funds own 1 5 million shares, or 1 1 
t percent, of Cablevision’s Class A stock, said. 
: “While Madison Square Garden and the 
teams are a very good asset, Cablevision is 

paying an extraordinary price and further 
leveraging an already overleveraged balance 

Referring to Mr. Dolan, he said. “Chuck 
continues to spend money as if he had it" 

In a similar vein, Richard Weiss, a portfolio 
manager at Strong Capital Management, 
whose funds own about 300,000 shares, or 
about 25 percent, of the srock, said: "I think 
the deal is absolutely ridiculous. Here is a 
company that is destroying value right and 
left. The stock has gone down faster than they 
have destroyed value, but they are working 
hard to catch up." 

Cablevision's shares lost 25 cents Friday, 
closing at $33,575, down from $60 a year 
earlier. The two portfolio managers, who are 
rarely so outspoken on specific deals, were 
referring to Cablevision's $3.9 billion in debt 
and preferred stock. With 1996 cash flow of 
$450 million, its debt-to-cash-flow ratio was 

more than 8 to I, far higher than even that of 
Tele-Communications Inc., oik of the in- 
dustry's most highly leveraged and widely crit- 
icized companies. 

Chris Dixon, a media analyst at 
PaineWebber, said that when even John 
Malone, chairman of Tele-Communications, 
was “looking ro his balance sheet to free up 
capital, here is another transaction tbat is 
going 180 degrees opposite to the current 
demands of Wall Street." 

The institutional shareholders were not cer- 
tain what steps, if any, they might take. Mr. 
Dolan and Dolan family interests control 
Cablevision because they own almost all the 1 3 
minion Class B shares that have 10 votes 

The 13 million Class A shares, with one 
vote each, are owned by the public, and not all 
outside shareholders are unhappy. 

Mario Gabelli. whose Gabelli funds are a 

MERGER: Italian Powerhouses to Pool Resources, Giving Europe’s Fashion Industry a Makeover 

Continued from Page 1 

important role in forthcoming 
privati zations, especially 
• STET-Telecom,’.* Mr. 
'Cerfeda was quoted saying 
- over the weekend. 

The new entity will be run 
by Maurizio Romiti, a Me- 
■ diobanca executive who is the 
son of Cesare Romiti, pres- 
ident of FiaL 

. Fiat and Mediobanca were 
stopped a little more than a 
year ago in a previous effort 
io create a conglomerate that 

would have combined the 
Rizzoli Corriere della Sera 
nip and other assets of the 
t-con trolled Geraina . 
group with the Femizzi 
chemicals and agriculture 
group. That deal foundered 
amid complaints from minor- 
ity shareholders, an investi- 
gation of Gemma executives 
by Milan prosecutors and 
problems with Italian stock- 
market regulators. 

At a news conference Sat- 
urday in Milan. Maurizio Ro- 
miti said: "Today's is a dif- 

JAPAN: Letting Go of the Past 

Continued from Page I 

. line in 40 years, to shake up 
r three established carriers. 

' Nothing happens overnight 
in Japan; the country is still far 
from being a free-market 
• economy The government 

■ continues, for example, to pro- 
. ted ailing big banks that many 

- other countries would dose. 

Still, the changes hold the 

■ potential to put a new face on 
the country in its economic 

■ relationship with the world. 

Ordinary Japanese view 
■ •’ the changes with a mixture of 
apprehension and hope. For 
years, they basked under their 

- country’s reputation as the 
• ‘"world's economic model. 
■'Now many of them are 

‘ anxious to break out of a sys- 
tem in which prices are too 
high, hanks are unstable, the 
stock market keeps dropping 
and jobs are going overseas. 

•" Sitting with his wife in a 
■restaurant, Yasushi Noda, a 
camera shop owner, was em- 
phatic that the old system 
.would not work anymore. 

"I think Japan should go 
through deregulation, he 
'said. "It is absolutely nec- 
1 essaiy. It’s no good that cer- 
‘ tain industries are protected 
-and that the government is 
: .'interfering with the manage- 
’ ment of companies and the 

'economy." .. . 

‘ Ushio Gomi, a medical 

■ equipment salesman, said for- 
eign competition ted made nis 
job. tougher, “but personally * 

"think it’s good. Global izanon 
.will make our companies 
‘ more competitive.'* 

As prices come down, he 

said, the lives of ordinary Jap- 
anese will improve. 

: NorioFujita. a trading com- 

pany employee, has person^ 
"experience with the change. 
— younger managers were re- 
' unify brought in to supervise 
. him, a break with the rigid 
'seniority system. Yet he doe. 
not oppose the changes. 

: Us "part of the process of 

■.democratization of this s oc ^ 

-ety." he said. "It * l ° * 
larger trend here as we m 
from a.feudui society. 

For decades, the govern- 
ment orchestrated protected 

markets and high domestic 
prices to provide funds for 
Japan's export machine, as- 
suring growth and creation of 
jobs. Now the Japanese are 
finding that competition 
means that some people win 
and some lose, a hard pill to 
swallow in a country built on 
an ethic that people share, 
more or less equally, pain and 

One of the hallmarks of Ja- 
pan Inc. was lifetime employ- 
ment. Some companies have 
been making tentative 
changes, paying better per- 
form ere higher salaries. But 
next year, the pace is expected 
to pick up dramatically. Par- 
liament is scheduled to con- 
sider this month a bill that 
would give corporations the 
right to form holding compa- 

Analysts say holding 
companies, legal in the 
United States and Europe, are 
key to restructuring, as they 
allow corporations to sepa- 
rate 1 weaker divisions from 
stronger ones and to pay dif- 
ferent salaries for each unit. 

With so many pieces of the 
system beginning to unravel. 
Prime Minister Ryu taro Ha- 
shimoto’s government has 
said it would tike to cross over 
io this new frontier in a gradu- 
al. methodical way — the 
Japanese way, in other words. 
Many of the toughest dereg- 
ulatory actions are under 
study by committees and 
scheduled to lake place in two 
or three years. 

But analysts say the gov- 
ernment may not be able to 
control the timing, especially 
with people like Michio Mat- 
sui The president of Matsui 
Securities, a small independ- 
ent broker, surprised Finance 
Ministry officials this year by 
unilaterally cutting fradmg 

commissions. The_ 

Ministry plan had been io re- 
duce commissions only after 

a long and exhaustive study. 

Mr Matsui said the gov- 
eminent needed to drop the 

Japanese style of eying to an- 

tlSpate all possible problems 

and solutions. 

-We just have to think as 

we move forward," he said. 

ferent deal. In some ways it is 
a simpler one with a greater 
industrial emphasis." 

Other commentators were 
more pointed. “They tried to 
do something like this with 
Gemina, but it did not work 
because it did not make much 
sense,” Anthony Mannaura, 
of the stock brokerage Milla 
and Co. told The Associated 
Press. “At least now they 
seem to have an industry-spe- 
cific idea in mind. 

Maurizio Romiti said Sat- 
urday die new group would 
focus on textiles and publish- 
ing. "These are different but 
not antithetical sectors," he 
said. He added that in the past, 
the owners of the Corriere 
della Sera group had also con- 
trolled textile interests. 

Gruppo Marzotto is a Lead- 
ing Italian textile and apparel 
exporter, with consolidated 
sales that last year amounted to 
22 trillion tire. Its clothing 
brands include women’s and 
men’s lines for designers Gi- 
anfranco Ferre and Missoni, as 

well as Hugo Boss and Marl- 
boro Classics sporrwear. 

The new group, through its 
Fiar parentage, will contain 
Gemma's fashion empire, the 
most celebrated pan of which 
is Gruppo Finanziario Tessile. 
or GFT. It spotted early on the 
potential in designer labels and 
in die 1980s was instrumental 
in building the empires of Ar- 
mani. Emanuel Ungaro and 
Valentino. Armani is the cash 
cow of the designer opera- 
tions. some of which are be- 
lieved to be losing money. 

Maurizio Romiti said Sat- 
urday that Armani's licenses 
represented 420 billion lire a 
year and accounted for 30 
percent of GFT’s licensed de- 
signer lines, which is 55 per- 
cent of GFT's total business. 

Pino Brusone, managing di- 
rector of Armani, said Sunday, 
as the designer was preparing 
to show his fall-winter collec- 
tion. that discussions were 
continuing about the renewal 
of the men's and women’s 
contracts, and that it was pos- 

sible that Armani would de- 
ride to manufacture these lines 
through its own factories, as it 
did wuh its jeans and Emporio 
Armani lilies. GFT business 
accounted for only 20 percent 
of Armani’s 22 trillion lire 

"We feel positive about 
this huge new clothing com- 
pany," he said, "but it is a 
strategic decision whether to 
renew the contracts, and that 
decision has not yet been 

Another Armani executive 
said his company was con- 
cerned that the "huge jug- 
gernaut" represented by the 
new group might be unwieldy 
and slower to respond to de- 
mands of the ever-changing 
fashion business. He said Ar- 
mani favored smaller manu- 
facturing units to control 

The Marzotto merger was 
perceived by Armani as a ma- 
neuver in the global financial 
market, rather than a response 
to any industry need for a 

clothing giant, according to 
company executives. 

Other industry sources ex- 
pressed anxieties that the 
merger and subsequent trim- 
ming of the work force would 
make Gruppo Marzotto a 
tough competitor, at a time 
when a strong tire was already 
forcing fashion complies to 
reduce their margins in order 
to keep up export levels. They 
were also concerned that 
Marzotto 's huge vertically- 
mtegrared operation, from 
yarn to fashion store, would 
wield enormous power and 
might flatten smaller busi- 

But Santo Versace, man- 
ager of the Gianni Versace 
company, saw the Marzotto 
deal as positive for the in- 
dustry. “It is the way of the 
friture to have these big 
groups, but it all depends on 
their strategy." he said. 
"Pietro Marzotto is a fant- 
astic manager, and if the op- 
eration is in his hands, it will 
be good for the business." 


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PAGE 13 


Lufthansa’s 19% Profit Dropped 

BERLIN (Reuters) — Lufthansa AG said Sunday that its 
□et profit in 1996 was lower than the previous year’s result of 
1.47 billion Deutsche marks ($857.2 million), despite solid 
gains in the number of passengers carried to Asia, Africa and 
the Middle East. 

Hemjoe Klein, a member of the airline's managing board, 
said Lufthansa carried 41.4 million passengers in 1996, an 
increase of 1.7 percent from 1995. He did not provide more 
precise profit figures, saying they would be published at the 
end of March. 

SNCF Chief Aims to Break Even 

PARIS (Bloomberg ) — The chairman of Soriete Narionale 
des Chemins de Fer Francais. France's state-owned railway, 
said his key objective would be to have the company break 
even by 1999. 

Louis Gallois was appointed July 24 to replace Loik le 
Floch-Prigent, who was under investigation for corruption. 

SNCF had a net loss of 15.2 billion francs ($2.63 billion) in 
1 996, compared with 16.6 billion francs in 1 995. The comt 
is being restructured and relieved of its debt burden of 
billion francs. 

sf 134 

major shareholder in the company, said he felt 
the strategic value of the deal, which gave 
Cablevision so much control over New York 
sports teams, was a benefit for the company. 

John Reidy, an analyst at Smith Barney 
Inc., said: "New Yorkers have been lucky to 
get ail the Ranger and Knicks games as part of 
a typical basic cable package. Ultimately it is 
only rational that if you want more sports, you 
will have to pay more than somebody who 
does not want it." 

In response to criticism. Mr. Dolan said he 
was “building asset value' ' and said. “I don’t 
think the price of the stock is always the best 
measure in the near term." He added: "It 
makes more sense for me to make investments 
in programming than in other areas. We are a 
programming company." 

Cablevision, America's sixth-largest cable 
operator, has said it plans to sell off about 
475,000 of its 2.8 million cable subscribers. 

Czech Executive for VW to Resign 

WOLFSBURG. Germany (Bloomberg) — A senior ex- 
ecutive at Volkswagen AG’s Czech subsidiary is expected to 
resign in connection with a bribery case brought by the Swiss- 
Swedish conglomerate ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd., ac- 
cording to a magazine report. 

Volkhard Koehler, chief executive of Skoda Automobilova 
AS. will step down because of "improper conduct" in real- 
estate transactions and for obstructing an inquiry into bribery 
allegations, Der Spiegel reported, without citing sources. 
Volkswagen executives could not be reached for comment 

For the Record 

• H. J. Heinz Co. plans to sell businesses, close plants and cut 
as many as 2.000 jobs in a restructuring that could lead to a 
$400 million charge, people familiar with the plan said. 
•Taiwan's semiconductor industry will post a 30 percent 
increase in sales this year, to about $10.7 billion, the Eco- 
nomics Ministry predicted. 

• Acer Peripherals Inc., which makes monitors and other 

computer equipment, said sales dropped 20 percent in Feb- 
ruary a year earlier, to 2 billion Taiwan dollars ($72.7 mil- 
lion). Bloomberg 

Sime Darby Earnings 
Soared 51% in Half 

Bloomberg News 

KUALA LUMPUR — Sime Darby Bhd. said Sunday that 
profit soared 51 percent in the first half of its financial year, 
bolstered by contributions from a new banking unit. 

The company, which has interests in banking, plantations, 
property and manufacturing, said profit in the six months 
ended in December reached 463.2 million ringgit ($186.7 
million), including a gain of 63.2 million rinjggit from property 
sales. Revenue rose 33 percent, to 6.38 billion ringgit A year 
earlier, a gain of 22.4 million ringgit from the sale of in- 
vestments increased profit to 307.1 million ringgit. 

"Contributions from the banking unit were higher than 
expected," said Desmond Ch’ng. a banking analyst at South 
Johor Securities. Sime Darby’s banking unit Sime Bank Bhd., 
provided the biggest contribution to group pretax profit 

It accounted for 227.2 million ringgit of group pretax profit, 
the company said. 

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PAGE 16 



Grand Prix Racing 
Goes Multichannel 
With Digital Input 

V ■ \ 



By Brad Spurgeon 

Insemasianal Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Formula One. 
one of the most high-tech and 
expensive of sports, is using 
the latest digital satellite tech- 
nology to squeeze more 
money out of its fans. 

The Australian Grand Prix 
on Sunday opened the first full 
season of digital pay-per-view 
multichannel coverage of For- 
mula One. This is the shape of 
spoils broadcasting of the fu- 
ture. and the Formula One Ad- 
ministration, which is supply- 
ing the pictures from its races, 
had 40 cameras at Melbourne 
and gave itself excellent ac- 
cess to cars and the pits. 

Such coverage first ap- 
peared late last season in Ger- 
many on Kirch Group, which 
has 20,000 digital subscribers. 
This year. Canal Plus, the 
French subscription network, 
is offering pay-per-view di- 
gital coverage of the 17 races. 
Canal Plus, which has been 
showing French soccer on di- 

« -per-view this season, 
300 subscribers so far 
and deals with Polish, Span- 
ish. and Italian networks for a 
connection to the service. 

The International Auto- 
mobile Federation, which 
owns the rights, also is ne- 
gotiating deals with Brazil 
and other countries in South 

The digital image is crystal 
clear. By comparison. TF1, 
the French terrestrial channel 
that also showed the Grand 
Prix live, seemed to be broad- 
casting a race under water. 
But the innovation is the six 
simultaneous channels. Jean- 
Luc Roy, a Canal Pius an- 
nouncer, repeatedly called 
these the “six gifts.” But 
they are not free. The week- 
end’s viewing — it also in- 
cluded all the practice ses- 

sions — cost 80 francs ($14) 
plus the cost of the antenna 
and a monthly subscription. 

The six channels were: 

■ Traditional coverage of 
the race with commentary. 

• The race leaders, with a 
different commentary. 

• The hot spots — where 
the battles are going on. 

• The view through one of 
14 on-board-the-cars cameras. 

• The pits with the inter- 
views of drivers, mechanics, 
team owners, wandering 
guests and periodic flashbacks 
to moments of excitement 

• Times and statistics. 

All is not perfect however. 
A viewer may not see all six 
channels on a single screen at 
once, so the announcers spend 
much time telling viewers 
what may be seen on the other 
channels: “You may now 
drive with Olivier Panis 
1 aboard the Rost on Channel 
4!” But changing channels is 
painfully slow and die remote 
control confusing. 

On the statistical channel, 
not all lap times are visible at 
once, and viewers may not 
manipulate the statistics. 
There are few statistics on the 
other channels. 

Canal Plus boasts that 
viewers become their own TV 
directors. In truth, a direct- 
orial hand lies heavily across 
all the channe ls. Even so, 
where traditional television 
watching is passive, this land 
of sports- watching is labor- 
intensive and needs Formula 
One-type reaction times. 

The format does seem 
ideally suited to Formula 
One. In all Grand Prix. there 
are long periods when not 
much happens. With six 
views to choose, a viewer 
may switch around in slow 
moments in search of what 
Formula One has been trying 
to find for years: spectacle. 

LA K T Y* 

9 - A y 


Wimbledon Scores Late 
To Reach FA Cup Semi 


, f.riis 


Cc*r?&d a, om-sttffim Di^ arkts and Michael Gray 

Robbie Earle and Dean Holdsworth scored Mullin d rove i n < 
in the last 15 minutes to give Wimbledon a 2- United scored \ 
0 quarterfinal victory at Sheffield Wednesday Melville deflected 
on Sunday to put die London club into the srmh Alfonso 
English FA Cup semifinals. hat trick in injury 

In the 75th minute. Nefl Ardley played the beat Atietico Madr 
ball deep into the Wednesday area. Marcus 2. The winner ca 
Gayle teed the ball up for Earle, who blasted it winners over Com j 
into the roof of the net firm close range, points between the: 
Holdsworth scored in the last minute soon tight for Spain’s se 
after coming an as a substitute. European Cup. 

Wimbledon meets London rival Chelsea in Atietico bad takj 

one semifinal. Two clubs that have never the first half throu, 

_ who was salt of 
EoiopianSoccei responded with str 




reached the final four, Middlesbrough and 
Chesterfield, meet in the other. 

Chelsea reached the semifinals with a com- 
fortable 4-1 victory at first division Ports- 
mouth. The Welsh international Marie Hughes 
put the Premier League team ahead from the 
edge of the penalty area after 25 minutes. 

Two minutes before halftime, Steve 
Clarke’s close range shot was parried by the 

and Michael Gray fired the ball into the net 
Mullin drove in a low shot to make it 2-0. 
United scored when Sunderland’s Andy 
Melville deflected a shot past his own goalie. 

shun Alfonso Perez completed a brilliant 
hat trick in injury time Sunday as Real Beds 
beat Atietico Madrid, the Spanish champion. 3- 
2. The winner came just as Barcelona, 3-0 
winners over Compostela, looked setto put two 
points between them and the Seville side in the 
tight for Spain’s second place in next season’s 

EU j? e ^ n< bStake thelead 'd 
the first half through Joan Eduardo Issnaider;. 
who was sent off moments later. Alfonso 
responded with strikes either side of halftone, 
before Atietico leveled following an own goal 
during a mix-up in the Berias defense. 

Italy Henaan Crespo and Massimo Crippa . 
scored Sunday as second-place Parma came 
from behind to win by 2-1 at Perugia. 

Sampdoria, in fourth place, lost by 4-0 at 
Atalanta. Filippo Tnzaghi. the' league’s lead- 
ing scorer, struck a hat trick for Atalanta to 
take his season’s tally to 18, while Samp- 
dona’s Yugoslav sweeper, Siriisa Mihajlovic, 


Portsmouth goalkeeper, Alan Knight, but was shown a red card for dissent. 

r, ■ .i.i > n i. r:. .m O.fl 


K 4 l YiOr JbS&t'MMyjV aVR&k’ If ' . 

Aody MrtUn'Retwj 

PACKED SLOPE — Some of the 12574 competitors swarming up a hill 
Sunday near St Moritz, Switzerland, in the Engadin cross-country marathon. 

Dennis Wise tapped the ball over the line. 

Roberto Di Marteo combined with Hughes 
in the 53d minute to set up Gianfranco Zola 
for the third goal. 

Deon Burton scored with a fierce drive for 
Portsmouth, but Wise emphasized Chelsea’s 
superiority with his second goal after an ex- 
change of passes with Hughes. 

Chesterfield of the second division beat 
Wrexham, also of the second division, 1-0. The 
only goal of a tense, quarterfinal came after 58 
minutes from Chris Beaumont, a 31 -year-old 
strikerwho joined for Chesterfield for a bar- 

gain price of £22.500 ($36,000) from Stock- 
port County last summer. As Wrexham’s eoal- 

Swiss Ices Title for Giant Slalom 


SHIGA KOGEN, Japan — Michael von 
Gruenigen of Switzerland wrapped up the 
men’s World Cup giant slalom title in Japan 
on the course that mil be used for the Winter 
Olympics in Nagano next year. 

Von Gruenigen won the second-to-last gi- 
ant slalom of the season Saturday on the 
Mount Higashi dale course in a two-run com- 
bined time of two minutes, 41.68 seconds. 

The victory gave the reigning world giant 
slalom champion 560 points, '209 points ahead 

of Kjetil Andre Aamod! of Norway, who 
finished fourth Saturday. 

Andreas Schifferer of Austria was second 
at 2:42.04. Another Swiss, Paul Accola was 
third at 2:4229. 

Alberto Tomba of Italy was eliminated 
after finishing 35th in the first run. 

“I am burned out,” be said from Bologna. 
“I don’t have the energy and training to have 
a good result on such a demanding course. 

“Now I don't know what will happen with 
my giant slalom next year.” 

port County last summer. As Wrexham’s goal- 
keeper, Andrew Marriott, and the defender 
Deryn Brace left the ball for the other, Beau- 
mont scored. 

Chesterfield became the first twm; from the 
third tier of English football to reach the 
semifinals in 13 years and only the seventh in 
the cup’s 125-year history. No club from that 
level has ever reached the final. 

On Saturday, Juninho andFabrizio Ravanelli 
scored as Middlesbrough woo. 2-0, at Derby. 

In the Premier League, Manchetfer United, 
the leader, lost by 2-1 at Sunderland. It was 
United’s first league defeat since Nov. 2 and 

Fiorentina followed up its 2-0 triumph at 
Benfica in. last week’s European Cup Win- 
ners’ Cup by twice recovering from a goal 
down to beat sixth-placed Bologna. 3-2. It was 
Fiorentina’s first league victory in two 

Netherlands PSV Eindhoven main- 
tained its three point lead in the Dutch league 
Sunday by clinging on for a 0-0 draw away to 
second-place Feyenoord. 

PSV's deep defending restricted Feyenoord 
to speculative shots for much of the match. The 
game rally came alive in the last 10 min utes of 
the first half when Henryk Larsson broke free of 
PSV’s tight marking to set up two thunderous 
strikes from Jean Paul van Gastel and to send 
Gaston Taument free down the right flank. 

Ajax climbed into fourth place with a 1-0 
victory over FC Utrecht, thanks to Kiki 
Musampa’s 65th-minute strike. The Amster- 
dam team is unbeaten since the winter break. 

GERMANY Bayern Munich wasted a chance, 
to retake first place in the Bundesliga when it 
lost by 5-2 at Beyer Leverkusen. 

Borussia Dortmund trad moved into first 
place on Saturday after beating Freiburg, a 
bottom club, by 2-1 with an 86th-minute 
penalty on Saturday. Dortmund seemed to be 

.... v. 

followed its emphatic 4-0 victory over Porto in heading for a 1-1 draw with Freibuig, which 
the European Cup on Wednesday. had taken just 13 points from 20 games. But 

After 52 minutes, United’s goalkeeper, Peter Michael Zorc’s crisp strike from the spot 
Schmeichet, failed to hold John Mullut’s flick, sealed a victory for the defending champion. 



Australian Grand Prix 

NBA Standings 


Rnufis of Formula On* Grand Prix auto 
nos turn SB lap* of tbs O2B0 tUotmtm 
(3274 mDa») Albert Parte track. * total at 
3072 Monwtaro (1BT.08 raBoa): 

1, DcvkJ CoulthonL Britain, McLcren-Mer- 
®dea one hour, 30 minutes 2S.71B seconds 
003.924 kflamefen per how/124.717 miles 
per how: 2, Alfchoet Schumacher. German), 
Ferrari. 1 80.48764.- 3. Mika Hattlhm. Fin- 
land McLnren-Macedes. 13O5089S 4. 
Gerhard Berger. Austria Beneftan-Renoult. 
18CLS1J59; 5. OBvter Pants, Franca Pres*- 
Mugen Honda 1-81.29.826; a Nfcala LnrinL 
Italy, Sauber, 1:3284858; 7, Shinfl Nakana 
Japan. Prest-Mugen Honda 54 kips; & 
Hefcn-HoreU FrentMn, Germany, wmiaras- 
Renauft CNF: ?. Joroo Truffl. Italy, Mlnordl- 
Han, 55 laps 


Couithard. Britain. 10 points; Z MIcMetSchu- 
mecher, Germany, 6t 3, M&a HakUren. Fin- 
land 4; 4 Gerhard Berger, Austria 15. 0*W 
er Parts, France, 2; 4 Nicola Lartrd Italy, 1. 


Mdjoren-Mercedeft 14 points 2. Ferrari 6; X 

Berwtton-Renautt 3C A Pros* Mugen- Honda 


Exhibition Baseball 


Houston 1. Ondrmatl a 11 innings 
Baltimore 6, Atlanta 1 
Florida Css) 11, Cleveland 5 
PWtadelphta 11. Boswn (ssl 4 
Ptnsburjn 6. Teres (ss) l 
Florida (ss) & Boston (ss) 1 
Detroit 1 Los Angeles 2 
Toronto 5. SI. Louts 4 
Minnesota (ss] 4, Clricogo While Sax 3 
New York Yankees 5, Kansas dry 4 
Tews (ss) 7. Minnesota (ss) 3 
New York Mets A Montreal 0 
Chico go Cubsll,Cataredo7 
San Diego 10, Anaheim 0 

Milwaukee 11, San Francbco 1 
Oakland (ss) 7, Seattle (ss) 2 
Oakland (ssj 11 Seattle (ssj A 


Los Angeles 4 Atlanta 3 
Florida (ssJ A New York Mets 4 
Houston & Cleveland (ss) 4 
Pittsburgh 9, Chicago White Sox B 
St. Louis IX Minnesota 10 
Bald mare 8, Montreal 7 
Florida tss) 4, Cleveland (ss) 1 
Detroit 1 pldtadeiphla 1 
New York Yankees 9, anebmori l 
Texas 4, Boston 2 
Toronto la Kansas aty 4 
San Diego (ss) 4, CNcaoo Cubs 1 

Son Frondsco (ss) 7, Son Dtago (ss) d 10 in. 
Gotorado 7. Milwaukee 4 
San Frandsco (ss) II, Oakland 6 
Annhebn ft Seattle 3 





New York 




















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Boston 32 33 19 18-102 

N.YJ Ewing 14-25 7-8 39. Johnson 9-14 1-2 
19; B: Fox 13-21 W 34, Walker 7-22 2-S lft 
E-Wnttams 4-12 M2 16. Wesley 5-12 5-7 16. 
Rebowuls-New York 58 (Ewing 9), Boston 
54 (Walker, E-WKtartK, Day 4). 

Assists— New York 25 (Ward 8), Boston 22 
(Wesley 11). 

Miami 24 35 27 9 13—108 

Washington 23 15 28 29 10-105 

M: Hardaway 13-25 13-14 4& Mosntxim 9- 
17 2-2 23; W: Howard 11-21 6-10 28. 
R-StriekkmdMl HHl 28. Rebounds — Miami 
48 (Austin 13L Wdshlngtan 57 (Mureson 10). 
AsSsts— Miami 20 (Hwdawoy 7}, 

Washington 13 (FLStricklond 5). 

MVMutoe 24 29 • 17—80 

Attanta 27 21 23 19-90 

Alt Robinson 11-22 1-1 24. ABen 7-17 U 19s 
A: Mutambo 8-19 4-9 2d Smith 5-11 10-1220. 
Rebounds— Milwaukee 49 (Baker 14), 
Adorno jo (Mutambo 16). 
Assists— Mirwaukee 1 3 (Douglas 4). Atlanta 
22 (Blaylock 12). 

San Antonia 20 30 23 33 — im 

Toronto 30 24 19 30-103 

5 A.- Maxwell 9-20 13-13 34 Alexander 4-8 
38 lft-T: Staudamhe 7-15 B925. Comby 9-12 
3-4 21. Rebounds— Son Antonio 42 
(Anderson 10), Toronto 53 (Comby 9). 

Assists— son Antonio 23 (Maxwell Ti. 
Toronto 28 (Christie 9). 

Denser 14 19 33 15- 13 

Minnesota '.6 22 27 21— M 

O'- AlcDyeso 7-14 6-7 2a Stftfi 4.11 7-7 15; 
M; GugiUta 8-23 14-1? 30. Gome; 8-14 1-2 
17. Rebeunds— Denver 55 (Johnson IX, 
/Minnesota 59 (Garrett 13). Assists— Oenver 
18 (GokMie 6), Minnesota 25 (Morbury 
101 . 

Indiana 31 20 20 25- 96 

Odessa 33 27 21 23-104 

1: MBler 8-22 44 27. Smte 9-21 +6 22; C: 
Jordan 11-21 15-17 38. Pfcnen 7-1610-1324 
R&fcMRds— Indiana C. ID-Dcvis 7J, CJccgo 
57 (Rocfenan 1C). Assists — Indiana 22 
(Jackson 8). Chicago 26 (Pigpen 9). 

Detroit 21 22 22 23-88 

UtoP 21 21 28 25- 95 

D: Demurs 0-15 1-2 18. Hunter 5-1404) 15: 
U: Malone 15-26 1 1-1S4T; Stockton 5-954 16. 
Rebound*— Detroit 36 (Thorpe 91. Utah SO 
rosiencg 9). Assists— Detail 18 'HW 8j, 
Utah 26 'TtocMw;- Hornocw 9.-. 

Saotuwflto 26 16 20 23—37 

Pboena 23 24 1? 33-104 

S: Richmond 13-24 1-t 32. Sront 4-7 9-12 
17; P: Johnson 4-11 13-16 21, Chapman 7-1 1 
2-2 17. Rebouaito-S ocrmuenwi 55 (Potyrrice 
14). Phoenix 54 (wnrrems 101. 
Assists— Socromerrta 17 (Polynlce 5), 
Phoenix 27 (Ktad 3i. 

Debus 13 16 16 24—49 

PtwWtad 18 24 22 14-80 

P;C-Robinson6-120-01&Satwnls 6-91-1 IX 
Trent 6-10 1-3 13. Rebound*— Dallas 55 
(Green 11). Poritana 54 (Sabants 9J. 
Assists— Do Urn. 16 (Reeves 6>, Portion^ 19 
(Anderson 71. 

New Jersey 21 20 28 21— 90 

Seattle 31 29 29 20-109 

NJ4 GUI 10-16 4-7 25, Cgsssfl 7-14 0-0 1 9; S: 
HowWrs 8-12 6-7 2 1, Payton 9-18 4-4 24. 
IWtotadS— New Jersey S6 iMortross. 
Jackson 8). Seatrie 48 (MclhnUna Hawkins 8). 
Assists— NJ. 19 (cossed 71. S. 27 (Payton 6). 
Houston 33 29 21 26-111 

ULUken 11 12 3d 27—90 

H: Otaiuwan 10-19 3-3 21 Elle a-9 3-3 19: 
LA. LAKERS: Campbell 7-12 3-4 17, Jones 7. 
142-3 17. Rebounds— Houston 54 (Ola|uwon 

12) . Los Angeies 41 (Campbell 71. 
Assists— Hausron 31 (Qkduwon tl. Lot. 
Angeles 23 (Von Erel 61. 

Ortando 34 25 21 19—101 

Gahtaa State 28 34 25 31-198 

O: Grant 9-185-421 Hardaway 7-17 5-6 21 
; G.54 Smith 8-167-7 23. Sprewefl 8-15 4-621. 
Reboimds— Orianda 44 (SeDrely 12), Golden 
State 48 lOeCtercq 10). Assists— Ortando 25 
(Hardaway 6), Golden State 26 (Sprewef! 
10 ). 


SaaAntaata 23 23 30 24-102 

IiObm 25 24 34 25 98 

SAJohnsan 10-15 4-8 24. Del Negre 8-16 
6-6 Zb l; SSMS8-14 9-1 1 25, MWer8-)4 1 -1 21 . 
Rebounds— San Antonio 40 (Anderson 111, 
Indiana 59 (DJKnris 18). Assists— San 
Amenta 20 (Johnson 9), Indiana 22 ( Jodtson 

13) . 

MSwaukte 17 27 23 23-90 

demand 26 18 14 24—82 

M: Baker 10-14 5-6 2 X RoWnson 8-18 4-5 

20; C Brandon 1 1-21 04 2& Hill 7-12 5-6 19. 
Re-boonds M ilwaukee u (Baker 15), 
Cleveland 34 (Hill 11). ARMS— Milwaukee 
20 (Douglas 7). Cleveland 20 (Brendan TO). 
Detroit 23 23 21 27—91 

LA- Clippers 25 20 17 23- 85 

D: Di/mcrs 7-14 4-4 21 Hill 7-14 5-6 19; 
LAj Vaught 10-233-321 Rogers 6-134417. 
Re-boaads— Detroit 46 (HW 10), Las Angeles 
46 (Vaught 14). Assists— OetroR 16 (HU 8). 
Los Angeles 14 (Martin 4). 

HHL Standings 



W L T 





37 19 10 




New Jersey 

34 19 12 





29 22 15 




N.Y. Rcngen 

-Ji 28 •> 




Tampa Bay 

Jo 52 7 





‘ZS 32 7 




N.Y. Islanders 

23 33 10 





W L 7 





34 20 1) 





32 28 a 





2o 30 10 





24 32 12 





21 32 13 





22 35 9 






W L T 





40 22 4 





32 19 14 





31 32 4 




SI. Louis 

28 30 8 




Orica go 

26 31 10 





25 3? 4 





W L T 





41 17 8 





30 30 7 





28 30 8 





28 33 7 





28 35 3 




Las Angeles 

25 35 8 




San Jaw 

23 35 7 







0 0-0 



1 0-2 

Shots oa goat: E- 2-1 5- 12-29. D- 11-7-5-21 
CaaBts: E- Joseph, Essensa. D-Moog, lite. 
N.Y. Rangers 0 1 1—2 

Aoohelm 2 0 3-5 

Rret Period: A-Setanne <0 <Ruari--lrd 1 A- 
, Dra>y 7 iScc^, VorshaR) (pp). Second 
Period: New York. Graves 24 (Leefch, 
Messleri Tt*d Period: A -Drury 8 (Todd, 
Kunf) 5. A-Kariya 33 (Selanne. Rucchtn) 6. 
New York Karpovtsm 8 (Gretzky) (sh). 7. A- 
Selanne4l (RuccMn Kariya) ten). Shots an 
goal: New York 5-10-13-28. A- T 0-9-8—27. 
6otdles: New York, Richter. A- Hebert. 

Pilts&jrgt; 1 Phllodeiphki 1 GT 
Boston 6. Tampa Bay 4 
Buffalo 1 Montreal 1 tie 
N.Y. Islanders 5. New Jersey 1 
Hartford 1, Toronto 1, Be 
Phoenix % Chicago 0 
Detroit 5, VoncouverS 
Lcs Angeles 1 Ottawa 1 


World Indoor 

ammoAv and sundat, in wuns 

First Period: H-Kron 7 (Koponea DWudO 
Second Period; H-ChkiMon 6 (OtieHL 

Leschriryn) Ippl.ThW Period: None. Shots 
on geM; M- 9-7-10-24. H- 12-14-11-39. 
Goodes: M-ThRMulr. H-Bortce. 

Calgary 1 0 2-3 

Florida d I 0-1 

First Period: C-Gogner 23 (Feotaecnone. 
Fteury) Second Period: F-Sheppord Zb TMrd 
Poriod: C-Sullrvwi 4 (5rem) 4, C-> Gogrrer 24 
(Fleory, Titov) ten). Shots so goofc C- 10-5- 
ll-at F- 7-11-10—28, GooNes: C-Rotason. 

Etanentoa • o 1—1 

Dallas 2 ( 0— 2 

First Ported: O-Adams 16 

(Longanb runner, Hatcher? 1 D-Bratan 6 
(Hogue. Keamer) Second Period: None. 
Third Period: E-Grier it (Weight talma) 


Memorable Moments from Johnnie Walker; RYDER Cl P u'ifli Heniarri (riiljdclw, 








1 Ekoterinl tcoffa, Greece, 22.76 seconds 

2. Juliet Cuttioerr. Jamotav 72-77 

3. Svetlana Goncharenko, Russia. 22.B5 


1. Jeart Miles-Ctark. IAS. 5096 seconds 
XSandteRlehetdS. Jamaica. 51.17 
X Hriena Fvcnsoro. C2ech ReubOc, 52.W 

1. Marta MuMa Mazsmbique. 1 m. 58.96 s. 
Z Natatyn Dukhnovo. Betanis. 15931 
1 Joetta dark. U.S. 1 39JD 

1. YekalertnaPodkapoyevaRusa. 4 m. 05.19s. 

2. Mary Staney. Ui, AD5J22 

3. Patrick; Dfate-Talllora, France, 4*6.16 

3.000 METERS 

V Gobrteta Sirtxw Ronreria » rrin. 4SJ5S. 

Z Sank; O'Sullivan. Ireland, &44.19 
X Fernanda RlbeVa Portugal £49.79 

1. Michelle Freemaa Jamaica, 7J2 seconds 
X GHOan Russel Jamaica. 7A* 

3 equal. Cheryl Dickey. U.S. 7M 
3 equal Patricia Glraru, France, 7J4 
4»400 IttTCRS RELAY 
1. Russia 3 min. 26JS4 sec, wortd record 
Z 115. 127.66 
3. Germany 338J9 


1 . Vita Pavtysh, Ukraine. 20 jOO meters 
Z Astna Kumoomuss, Germany, 19.92 

1 Irina Korznanenka Russia. 19^9 


1. Fiona May, Italy. 6.86 mere/s 

2 Chtama Ajunwa Nigeria. 680 
1 Agon Korcmorek, Poland. 671 


1. mna Lasovskaya Russia 1581 meters 
1 Ashla Hansen, Brttata, 14.70 
X Sartre Kasparkova Czech Republic. I486 
won jump 

1. Stetko Kostadnova Btegario. 2JZZ meters 
Z inha Brtxrireva Ukraine. Z00 
1 Hanrte Haugland. Norway. 100 

1. Stacy Dragila U.S» 4JC merers 
Z Emma George, Australia 485 
1 col Welyan, Qilna, 415 



1. Kevin Ufflft ux 2040 seconds 
X Ivan Garda. CutxL 20,46 

1 Fronds ObSnrefu. Nigeria 21.10 

1. Sunday Soda Nigeria 4551 seconds 
Z Janie Scutch, Srirata 4552 
1 shunji fcr-jte. Japan. 4575 

1. v/llson Kipketeo Denmark, one minute 
4257 seconds, vrarid reconk 
Z Mahfoub Hatda Morocco, 1:4576 
X Ridi ttenotw U5. 1v46.16 
1300 METERS 

1. Hlctram el Guerrauj, Morocca 3 m. 35J1 s. 
Z Rudiger StenzeL Germany, X3774 
1 W3Bam Tanul, itenya 231*8 

l. Hcie GetrtofaiSie Ettacpfa, 7 m. 34.71 s. 
Z Paul Bitak. Kenya- 7:3884 
X Ismail Sghlc Morocca 714081 
1 . Anler Garde. Cuba 7.4 seconds 
Z CoBn Jotksca Britain, 789 
X Tony Dees, U S- 7 JO 


1 . U.5. ttiree rrtnuies C<7? seconds 

X France 3 


1. Ivan Pedresa Cuba 881 meters 
Z Kiri) Sasunov. Russia 8 a 1 
X Joe Green. U5. 8Al 

1. Yetrt Gordo. Cuba 1780 meters 
Z AliecerUmrita. Cuba 1777 

3. Atara nder Aseteddrenka Russta, 1782 


1. Charles Austin. U S. 285 meters 
Z Umbras PopoXostas. Greece. 2-32 
X Drogutln Topic Yugoslavia 282 

1- lg« Potapovftch, Kazakhstan, 5-90 meters 
Z Lawrence Johnson U8. 185 
3. Maksim Tarasov, Russia 580 

1 . Robert ZmeBK Cxech Rep Jc 4228 poWs 
Z Erie! NoaL Estarta 6813 
X Jon Mognusson. Iceland 6.145 


Auckland 24 Free State 15 

Canterbury 19, WMflngtan 17 

New South Wotas 2d WaDtato 33 


Natal 7& Otago 43 

Northern Transvaal IdOinratHtandS 
Transvaal 44 ACT 36 
im<ia«n Transvaal 9, Woftatad North- 
ern Transvaal 7. Auckland 7. Natal 5, ACT & 
Cnntartniiyd Wellington Z New South Wales 
1, Free State 1, Ousenriand 1, Otago 1. 

Ui, def. Jerome GolmanL Francs, 6-4 4-2 

PlNppowstadBt Woodrutt4-d7-6 (7-5). M. 
Renebarg def. Bforkman6-X 6-3. 



DanM Vrcefc, Czech Republic, def. Renzo 
Purina Itnty, 4-L 1^ 6-1- Thomas Enavtat 
Sweden 01 def. Ala RaduMcu, Romania 7- 
6 (10-81, 4-3. 

Richard Krapcxk, Netheriands (2), def. 
Vifchod 5Mdi, Gerraony, 7-6 (7-4). 7-4 (7-3); 
Goran hranfsevlc Craalta (1). def, Petr Konkj, 
Czech RapuWtc. waHurver. ' 


KntcekdeL Ernyrtsi C3J 6-7 (7-51. 6-3. <54. 
Voci*, dot. hrantamric 4-d 1-d 7-6 (7-2). 


Kmllcek del Week 7-6 (7-0. 7-4 (7-5). 

kern ji 



World Cup 



New Zealand: 586 tor seven dedored 
Sri LanJw: 222 and 37 tar no wicker 

West Indies: 427 
India: 30B-7 

Moroccan Open 

Scorestrani (ha flnaf day at Ota dlra 
560.000 Moroccan Opan Qrtt tournament 
played over the par-72, &0K-mMer (L857- 
yard). Royal OrtfUnkaAgadn 

G Wfiltataw. 5. Africa 
D. Cole. Australia 
R. Cnapmon. England 
W. Riley, AustroUa 
DJLRieKYB. England 
B. ROOsaa England 
R.KartsEoa Sweden 
P. Johansson, Sweden 
B. Davis. England 
J. CoeereL Argentina 
P. Broodburst Eng. 

T. Johnstone Zlmb. 

in trn-vme NONPum 


hama sm am 

I v 


Hn/lm tilth It Vmmofb. Ih-iipmt A lltiwnitn! In Ihnrl kmilk I Inlmprlwaid Itmthl Ynhtmr / /Vi^Uwuvt/ .^»irr> l^rtn.-rJujr. Ijif 

Message Center 

Appears every Wednesday. 

To advertise contact 
Fred Ronan. 

Tel: + 33 (0) 1 41 43 93 91 
Fax: + 33 (0) 1 41 43 93 70 
or your nearest IHT office 
or representative. 

re* 4k INTlRNMilMI Pted . ( 



nmehn Friday, at mammoth lakes. California 

l-Kofla SeWngar, Germany, 1 nrirt. T6JJ8 s. 
Z HMe Geig, Germany, 1:17.67 
[4m 3. PenrlOaWHjetg, Sweden. 1:17 J2 

0 meters 4. Isolde Koalner, Italy, 1 :1786 

5. Knthre1naGutB<Bohn,Gefmony,l:iai7 
to. Russta, 1782 6. Marflno Ertl Germany. 1:1145 

*P 7. Heidi Zurirriggrev Swflzeriamt 1:18-48 

15 meters 8. M.BriggeT-5urrnnefmotter,Swnz. 1:1X60 

Jraece. 2-32 9. Karen Pirizer, holy, 1:1886 

wire 282 tic Catherine Borghl SwUzeriand 1:1884 

ion b»w » |4MteP I.Wlberg, 449 points 

nstaa 5-90 meters ZGerg, 41ft 1 SebSkiger. 374. 4. Kosmer. 355. 
“ SZ5 5. Ertl 188, 6. Florence Masnoria France, 

a ' 5 - 80 174 7. Warworn Zelenskaia, Russia, loi & 

Ob . Svetttana GtaOshlva, Russia, 158, 9. Zur- 

epJt 4228 potato briggerw 155, IXGutensohn, 148 

3 wommuioMKsuiif 


1. Wftwg 1 mla. 1 7.90 sec. 38J>7, 3983. 

Z S. Egger. Austria, 1 :10.15, 37 JZ 40^X 
X L. Magonl Italy, M|fl, 3X28, 4081 

4. K. Rotm Swtta, 1:1887, 3a«7, 4080. 

T# ®* 5, E. Eder, Austria 1:19.11 3&4X 405ft 

»DDAY 6. D. C o mpagnanl H. 1:19.16, 3889. 4187, 

.9« lanka 7.A.Woaner, Austria 1:1984,38.7240-54, 
NEW2OALAN0 8. M. Aonta, Switz, 1:1989. 3981,4088. 
n dedored 9. 1. Sotvenmoser.Aust. 1:19.87. 3981 40 jM, 

ia wtdeef la P.Chouvet, Franca 1:198ft 38.^, 41.11, 

BK ■ H Me— 1. Wtwg, 670 points, Z Ctaudta 

joav Rtaotot New ZeaL 309, X Campognonl 347, 4. 

1 India Owvet 311, 5. Eder, 306. 4. Magont 291 7. 

on, Jamaica Urstre Hravat Slovenia 237, 8. Sabine Eager, 

234 9. Accola 201, 1ft Savovnoser. 200. 

OvmS a t a w i M i m ai 1. Wfaerg, 1,715 
polna, x seUnger, 1,1043. Get* 98ft 4. Com- 
pagnonl 827, X Kasmer. 733, 6. Zurbriggen, 
722 7. WBdlter, 494 BL Zetenskaja. 588. 9. 
Renate GaelscW, Austria 567. 1ft Ertl 502 

dav of die dm 1 ‘ wlawHv » ,G ™9ntB9rv5w)tzettan«t2m)n, 
OrtftaunwMrt 41 A8 set, RrtJiwnalS&^aredrofi 1:1930 
toS-nSerttJ&r. lA-SehMerw. Aw. 2*104 132871:19^7 
m-rnster (0^67- 3. p. Accola, Svrite. 2^289, 182^1:1984 

^71^9-69—777 4 *■ Aamxtt Nor - 24230, 1 3X14T 1 :19.)4 

5 - J - Knsl|, ' Staventa, 2^282 MOJO/ 1:19X0 
LH-Kiwws. Am, 24284 133847 W»J« 
72^6748-^9’ ? - HJi ^'W>W>tiAw-2>4291. 13381/ 1:1980 

MMU, 8. J. STrobl Austria, ZOM, 18X55/1:1951 
^70-n-S?; »;S-*fChw-S«tlZ.2M38ft)82Ayi80^. 

10J R8tazga>AAus.2MX34 1:2341/ 1:19.9ft 
72-7X67-49-2B1 Otaw atatoro Mandkigai 1. von Gruenl- 
gwv potato. 2 Aamodt 351. 3, KnouK, 

71-72-71 *68-282 ,7a 


1. Thomas Swgnsslnger, Austria 1 min. 
41.10 sec, flrS run 49 J2/second run 5188, 

2 F.CJagga Norway. 1:41.94, 49A3/SX31 

X O. C Furuseth, Nor. IX2J2, 48.93/ 5X29 
4 K. Klmura. Japan, 1:4238, 49.99/ S2J9. 

5. S.Amiez. Franca 1^24^49.79/ S26S, 

6. A. Mlkiavt Staventa. 1:4245. 50.13/5232 

7. J. ChenaL Franca 1 :42.73, 5046/5X27 

• 8. T. S Bon sea Norway, l ^290 49 jv 5X6X 

I D v.NLHonsAnaSvraden.ijjOjOX SOtosxSa 

ill ID- K- AnmodL Norway, I-.4381, 5DSarS2S3 

a iawd ln iai t. Thomas Sywra, 
“J P 01 ^ =- Stangasslnger, 590 1 
Ajnl-Q, 371 4. Alberto Tomba Italy, 292 5. 
Kimura. Japan. 289, 6. Jagga 274 7 
S nonsen. 27ft 8. AamodL 268, y. Furusafti.' 
246. laiworto Belter. Auawa 222 ma&m ' 

r‘*r n ? n , V an * inm ~ ^ «Pha«L 
Fran» r JI72 2 Aamodi 955. X Josef srroW. 




THaflond 2 Hang Kongo 

OTran ii B B j South Korea 6 paints. Thailand 

X Hong Kong ft 

69- 68-71-72-280. 

70- 71 -70-70-281 . 

70- 68-71-72-281. 

71- 67-72-72-282 

VfL Bochum ft SchaBoe i 
Hansa Rostock a FC Cologne 0 
SC Freiburg 1, Barussto Dortmund 2 
VfB Stuttgart 4 Hamburger 5V 1 
Bar JAbendrengtadbodi 4 Warder Bremen 1 
FCSL PoutiX KariBuherSC4 

MSV Duisburg ft AmiMaBietefaldO 
1840 Munich X Fortune Duesseldart o 
Bayer Lmrerkusen X Bayern Munich 2 

sara i ton a i Borussta Dortmund 41 Bayern 
Munich 41 Bayer Leverkusen 41, vtB 
Stuttgart 3ft Karisruher SCSI FC Cologne 31 
Sdialke 04 31 werder Bremen 29, VfL 

Bochum 29, i860 Munich 27, AnnMa Bielefeld 

2& Hunbiitger SV 24 MSV Duisburg 24 
Moenchengtadbodi 21 Farturu Duesuridorf 
22. FC St Pom 19, Hansa Rostock 1ft SC 
Freiburg 11 


Nantes XBosnaO 
Montpellier ft Rennes 0 
Nancy 1, Nice 0 
Coen l, Lille 0 
Cannes a Metz D 
Strasbourg 1, Bordeaux 1 
Lens a Ls Havre) 

GUngomp X MarsMe 1 
Parts St Germain 3 Lyon) 

Sporting Gffon z Logrenes 0 
Bacetano X Camposteta 0 
VaWntoOdD, Tenerife 2 
Extremadura l. Real Sodedad 0 
Cello Vigo X Espanyol 2 
Depontvo Coruna % Oviedo D 
Hercules 1, Raya VbUeamoO 
Real Bette X Aherico Madrid? 

VUenda 4 SevNta 2 


Chesterfletd 1, WraxhamO 
Poitsmouthl , chetoea 4 
Sheffield Wednesday ft WImbtarian 2 
Derby ft Middtasbreugh 2 


Wimbledon vChetsso 
Middlesbrough v Chesterfield 
IMalctwa to be played an Sunday April IX 
venues to badeddedj 

Areenol 2. Noffingtiom Forest 0 
Coventry ft Lefcastor 0 
Leeds I.EvenonO 
Sundertond 2 Mondrester United l 
M— *w» Manchester United 57, Arsenal 
54 Uverpaet 5X Newcastle 4ft Aston VSa 44 
Shefflata Wednesday 4ft Wlmbtedon 44 
Chelsea 4X Leasts 39, Leicester 37. Tmtan- 
ham 35. Everton 33. Blackburn 32 Derby 32 
Sundertand 32 Coventry 3a Nottingham Fbr- 
est 27, Southampton 2ft West Ham 25. Mid- 
dlesbrough 22. 


Atatanto 4 Sampstoria D 
CagHari a Lnrto 0 
Ftarentlaa X Bologna 2 
Perugia 1, Parma 2 
Reuotoni ft Placenta 0 
Romo 4 Verona 3 
Vicenza 2 Udinese ft • ■ 


v ll?: v ! I.SU» 

it chi 

9-^^ 1 ft»n»R dBt Au S bi« ( » N^e^Tv^mT^ 

Spam Ron. I. GmoMchop DoettnsJiem 1 



Scottsdale, aiozoiia. us. 

SSi «W. Byron 

BtacJLZlmtwbwe. 7-S. 41- ctoto Woodnift 

if.KL' 0,1 5B “ a 76 nM) ' 

111!-. wmrjrs i)\H3 M-msinifH 

£7Tn SHE'VJf** Albw co** 8 

Wl. Spain. 6-4 2-4 6.4- Richey Renebeig («, 

WBIein II TMburgl AZ A8unaar2 
Portano smart ft Rada JC Kataode 3 
Heerowen X VHessd 0 
" ■ n i bu PSV Eindhoven 55 paints, 
Feyenoord 52. Twente Enscbede 49, A]ox 
Amsterdam 39. voesu Amhem 39. Rada JC 
tataodeax Haerenveen 37. MAC Breda 3ft 
GnwtsctMp Doeitncmn 34 mm It TOburg 
24 Vatendam 24 Sparta Rotterdam 25. 
Utreait 25. Famiho SBtart 25. Groningen 21 
AZ Alkmaar 2ft RKC WoaWJk 19. NEC M- 

la - 


-i-v -j-. 


res Lat e 
P Senjj 



PAGE 17 


Kansas Wins Big 12 
By Crushing Missouri 

Kentucky Gets Even With Mississippi 

- T_; 

•: r -- 

■- -S 
'■-’PtJiv .. 

. i . ■*>] V. 

Thv Associated Press 

Top-ranked Kansas completed the 
a 32 - J ^ord and 
ISa a . g 12 s autom atic bid to the 

■7AU s “ em W beal " s Missouri 

Paul Pierce tied his career hi«hs with 
30 points and 1 1 rebounds, and Jacque 
Vaughn had a season-high 12 wins for 
the Jayhawks. who routed Iowa State 


r '-i.r T-. 

~Z - J Ka 

7^-4S in the semifinals. Missouri (16- 
17) was the only team to beat Kansas 
this season, winning 96-94 in double 
overtime at home on Feb. 4. 

Raef LaFrentz scored 16 points for 
the Jayhawks. Vaughn finished with 13 
and Scot Pollard had 10. 

No. 6 Kentucky B8, Mississippi 70 On 
Satmxlay, Cameron Mills made four of 
his first five 3-point attempts en route to 
a career-high 14 points as No. 6 Ken- 
tucky beat MississippiSaturday in the 
Southeastern Conference semifinals. 

Mississippi (20-8) ended Kentucky's 
14-game winning streak. 73-69, on Jan. 
1 1. In the final, Kentucky (29-4) was to 
face No. 24 Georgia, which upset No. 4 
South Carolina. 

No 24 Georgia 78, No 4 South Carolina 

62 G. G. Smith scored a career-high 22 
points on 8-for-8 shooting in Georgia's 
easy victory over South Carolina, the 
SEC’s regular-season champion. 

• The Bulldogs (24-7) shut down South 
Carolina’s trio of guards in the second 
half. The Gamecocks (24-7) had won 19 
of their previous 20 games, with the 
other a loss to Georgia. 

No 3 Utah 89, Texas Christian 68 Keith 
Van Horn scored 18 of his 37 points in 
the Brat half as the Utes (26-3) routed 
TCU in the Western Athietic Confer- 
ence championship game. Van Horn, 
who had 15 rebounds, won Utah’s first 
two tournament games with buzzer- 
beating shots. 

Boston College 70, No. 21 VI llano va 58 

Boston College (21-8) won its first Big 
Hast tournament by manhandling Vil- 
lanova (23-9), a learn it shared the reg- 
ular-season title with. BC got 14 points 
apiece from Scoonie Penn, Mickey Cur- 
ley and Danya Abrams. 

Miami, Ohio 96, Eastern Mi ch igan 76 

Ira Newbie scored a career-high 27 
points as Miami of Ohio shot 68 percent 
from the field against Eastern Michigan 
in the Mid-American Conference. 

Wally Szczerbiak also had a career 
best with 26 points. Miami (21-8), co- 
champion of the MAC in the regular 

season, won its eighth straight. 

Marquette 60. North Carolina-Char* 
lotto 52 Marquette (22-8) won its fourth 
game in four days and another NCAA 
bid, gening 20 points from Chris Craw- 
ford to defeat North Carol ina-Charlotte 
for the Conference USA champion- 

No. 19 St. Joseph's 61, Rhode Island 

56 Rashid Bey scored 17 points and 
made a late free throw to help Sl 
J oseph’s (24-6) win the Atlantic 10 final 
and secure its first NCAA tournament 
berth since 1986. 

Jackson State 61, Mississippi Val l ey 
state 74 Jackson Stale became the 
second team with a losing record to 
make the NCAA tournament, beating 
Mississippi Valley Stale by 81-74 for 
the Southwestern Athletic Conference’s 
automatic bid. 

The 14-15 Tigers join Metro Atlantic 
champion Fairfield ( 11 - 1 8 ) as sub-.500 
teams crashing the big dance. Jackson 
State has never been part of the 64-team 

SW Texas St. 74, NE Louisiana 64 

Dameon Saosom scored 18 points in 
leading Southwest Texas (16-12) to the 
Southland Conference tournament 
championship and an automatic bid to 
the NCAA tournament. 

Wisconsin 66, No. 2 Minnesota 65 Ty 
Calderwood's two free throws with 1 1.8 
seconds remaining lifted Wisconsin and 
greatly enhanced the Badgers’ NCAA 
tourney hopes. 

Calderwood finished with 19 points 
to lead Wisconsin (11-7 Big Ten, 18-9 
overall). Bobby Jackson scored 17 
points for the Gophers (16-2. 27-3). 
whose 12-game winning streak was 

No. 9 UCLA 87, Washington St. 86 

Cameron Dollar drove the length of the 
floor for a layup with nine-tenths of a 
second left as UCLA (15-3 Pac-10. 21- 
7) beat Washington State. The Bruins 
had already won the Pac-10 regular- 
season title and an NCAA bid 
CMHomfa 79, No. 1 2 Arizona 77 Randy 
Duck tied his career high with 22 points, 
and Sean Marks made two free throws 
with 2 1 seconds left for Cal ( 1 2-6 Pac- 
10. 21-8). 

Purdue 77, No. 15 Iffinois 69 Brad 
Miller scored a career-high 27 points as 
the Boilermakers (12-6 Big Ten, 17-11) 
improved their NCAA chances by win- 
ning at home. 

Mehigan State 63, No. 25 Indiana 60 

Antonio Smith had a career-high 19 
rebounds and added 10 points for 
Michigan State (9-9 Big Ten. 16-11 

Cinderella Tripped 
By Smith’s Tarheels 

1nQ Hinwdri/Thr W«a«l« 

Eastern Michigan's Earl Boykins maneuvering against Miami of Ohio. 

The Associated Press 

GREENSBORO, North Carolina — 
Talent and height beat desire in the 
Atlantic Coast Conference tournament 
Sunday — but barely. 

As an upset-filled Atlantic Coast 
Conference regular season spilled over 
into its postseason. No. 5 North Car- 
olina ended the madness in the tour- 
nament final by beating North Carolina 
State. 64-54. N.C. State was the first 
eighth-seeded team to play for the title 
in the event's 44-year history. 

It was the Tar Heels* 14th ACC crown 
— 1 3 of them under coach Dean Smith, 
who moved within two of breaking Ad- 
olph Rupp's all-time victory mark. 

Smith has now won at last three ACC 
titles in four different decades. 

Shammond Williams sank three 3- 
po inters in a span of two minutes during 
a second-half surge and Antawn Jam- 
ison added two key layups six minutes 
later as the Tar Heels (24-6) won their 
12th straight to lock up a No. 1 seed in 
the NCAA tournament. 

Williams led with 23 points and was 
selected the tournament MVP, while 
Jamison added 17 points and 11 re- 
bounds. C. C. Harrison led the 
Wolfpack (16-14) with 13 points. 

The two reams staged a classic tour- 
ney chess matches as the 66-year-old 
Smith matched wits with the first-year 
Wolfpack coach. Herb Sendek, who is 
half his age and had half Smith's floor 

After trailing by as many as 10 in the 
first half, the Wolfpack closed to 36-34 
with 15:24 left and had a chance to tie or 
take the lead, but Jeremy Hyatt was 
called for a charging foul and Williams 
then nailed three straight 3-pointers to 
give North Carolina an 1 1-point lead. 

North Carolina State, die Cinderella 
team of the tournament, had beaten 
No. 7 Duke in the tournament on Friday 
and No. 22 Maryland on Saturday. On 
Sunday it had one last gasp, even with 
all five starters playing in all but one 
minute of the second half. 

Justin Gainey made a 3-pointer to get 
the Wolfpack ro 47-45 with 6:29 left, 
but Jamison converted a three-point 
play off a pass from Williams and then 
added a layup less than a minute later to 
give the Tar Heels a 52-45 lead. 

N.C. State could pull no closer than 
four the rest of the way as North Car- 
olina sank eight straight free throws in 
the final 1:03 to seal its seventh ACC 
title in the Greensboro Coliseum. 

The Wolfpack was 1-10 in the regular 
season when trailing at halftime, but had 
comeback from halftime deficits in all 
three of its games in the ACC tour- 

N.C. Stare missed 14 of its first 18 
shots to fall behind by 10 midway 
through the first half as North Carolina 
worked the ball inside at will and con- 
trolled the boards. 

The Tar Heels made seven straight 
shots to go up 20-10 before the 
Wolfpack closed within four points on 
three occasions. 

A Jamison layup gave North Carolina 
a 30-24 halftime advantage as all but 
two of North Carolina's first-half points 
came in the paint or from the foul line. 

On Saturday, Williams had scored 24 
points to lead five players in double 
figures, the Tar Heels overcame 33 
points from All-America Tim Duncan 
to beat the Demon Deacons 86-73 Sat- 
urday in the semifinals. In the earlier 
game, Sendek used just six players in a 
65-58 victory over Maryland. 

overall). Indiana, which finished 9-9 in 
the Big Ten. dropped to 22-10. 

■ Texas Tech Steps Aside 

Texas Tech, which declared two 
players ineligible during the Big 12 
tournament, said it had withdrawn from 
NCAA tournament consideration and 
forfeited its 10 conference victories. 

The Red Raiders, with a 19-8 record 
looked set to get an at-large NCAA bid. 

School officials said a routine NCAA 
audit discovered the two players, Fre- 
dric (Deuce) Jones and Gracen Averil, 
were not eligible. They attributed the 
situation to an administrative over- 

School officials said the players were 
ineligible because a grade of “D” had 
been' used in certifying their academic 

Flyers Just What Penguins Needed 

The Associated Press 

Bedrik Olausson scored 
after 19 seconds of overtime 
as the Penguins ended a six- 
game losing streak with a 3-2 
victory over the Philadelphia 
Flyers in Pittsburgh. 

The Penguins won Sat- 
urday, the fust time in 10 over- 
time games. The Flyers took 
their first overtime loss after 
two victories and 10 ties. 

Mario Lemieux assisted on 
Glen Murray’s tying goal for 

NHL Roundup 

Pittsburgh, ~the first player to 
readt 100 points this season. 

Bnths 6, Lightning 4 Jason 
Allison, Kyle McLaren pd 
Sandy Moger scored third- 
period goals as Boston rallied 
from a three -goal deficit to win 

in Tampa. 

With the Lightning ahead 
by 4-3 after two periods, Al- 
lison tied it, then McLaren 
scored the game-winner with 
8:10 left. 

Sdm 3, Canacfians 3 

Valeri Bure scored on a power 
play late in the third period as 
Montreal came from behind 
fra* a tie with visiting Buffalo. 

The Canadiens also got 
goals from Vincent Damph- 
ousse and Turner Stevenson. 
Alexei Zhimi!:. Jcson Dawe 
and rookie Barrie Moore 
scored for the Sabres. 


: 'SH Z 


MiSk i- 

-Jt.s > 

Min >*unonV IV. 

Todd Bertuzn about to score on Devils' Mike Du nh a m . 

Islanders 5, Devils 1 Bryan 
Smolinski, the subject of re- 
cent trade rumors, had a goal 
and two assists as the New 
York Islanders kept playoff 
hopes alive with a home vic- 
tory over New Jersey. 

Derek King. Todd Bertuzzi, 
Randy Wood and Zgrnund 
Pal fly also scored for New 
York. Tommy Salo stepped 28 
shots as die Islanders got with- 

in four points of a playoff spot 
in the Eastern Conference. 

Steve Thomas scored the 
only goal for the Devils, who 
lost for only the second time 
in their last 20 games. 

Wutan 1. Mapte Leafs 1 

Robert Kron scored at 14:52 
of the third period, and Hart- 
ford salvaged a tie in Toronto. 
Wen del Clark’s 25th goal of 
the season put Toronto ahead 

at 9:40 of die first period. 

Coyotes 2, BlackhawksO In 

Chicago, Nikolai Khabibulin 
made 28 saves for his third 
straight shutout, and Keith 
Tkach uk and Mike Stapleton 
scored for the Coyotes. Kh- 
abibulin set three franchise 
records — for consecutive 
shutouts, for the longest 
stretch without allowing a 
goal (198 minutes 19 
seconds) and for shutouts in a 
season (6). 

Kings 3, Senators 1 Ray 

Ferraro and Ian Laperriere 
scored less than four minutes 
apart in the first period and 
Byron Dafoe made a season- 
high 44 saves as Los Angeles 
beat visiting Ottawa. 

Rad Wings 5, Canuck* 3 

Brendan Shanahan scored his 
team-leading 4 2d goal and 
had an assist as Detroit won in 

The Red Wings built a 4-0 
lead and hung on for the win 
after the Canucks scored 
twice in the final 14 minutes. 

The loss was the sixth in 
eight games for Vancouver. 

After die game die Ca- 
nucks announced that they 
had traded two disgruntled 
forwards, Esa Tikkanen, 32, 
and Russ Courtnall, 3 1 , to the 
New York Rangers for Sergei 
Nemchinov, a 33-year-old 
center, and forward. Brian 
Noonan, 31. 

AL Pitchers Dusting Off Batting Skills 

By Murray Chass 

ft !ew York Times Serving . 

Some American League pdcheremay 
want to put in for overtime this spnng- 
Their workouts have been stretched to 
include drills that are alien to them- 

“We've been practicing sliding and 
bunting, we've got the 
swinging." said Tom Kelly, m ge 
the Minnesota Twins^ We ve been 
practicing every day. T^otdyi M £ 
haven’t done is run on the>. 
been sliding, bunting and swmgmg.aM 
for nine games on the road- 
talking about the pitchergettingup w 
in the game. 18 at-bals. And ! 

him. He might hurt himsell 

This season, for the first time, team 
from one league w ill play ,eam „ when 
other during the regular **«n ■ 
American League * e J™VPjjJL e J 
tional League parks, jhe desg 


min on. is there any secret ihat this man 

will bunt or attempt to bunt? If he does 
bunt it, it will probably be a double play. 
He might be better off striking out. I just 
hope they don’t get hurt trying to slide or 
swinging the bat.” 

Not every manager agrees. Joe Tone 
of the Yankees has explained that his 
pitchers won’t take batting practice until 
the season starts, or at least until he cuts 
the staff to 1 1 pitchers. 

But Kelly recalled how after the 
Twins traded Kevin Tapani to Los 
Angeles during the 1995 season, the 
pitcher called some of the friends he left 
behind and told them he was oh so sore 
from taking a cram course in hitting. 

“That’s why we’ve started 
swinging,” Kelly said, “because they 
might get hurt. Not that they’re going to 
hit the ball. It's so they don't get hurt. 
That’s the point of bunting and the 
swinging and stuff. Get the muscles out 
of the way and geL your fingers out of the 
way so you don’t break your fingers on 
the bat. It’s not to execute a bunt or get a 
hit: it’s so they don’t get hurt.” 

All a pitcher has to do is gel his hand 
too fardown the bat when bunting and he 
can come away with a broken finger. 

“Wonderful,” Kelly said. “Thai’s 
why we’re doing this — to prevent an 
injury. I don’t expect them to be able to 
bunt: I don’t expect them certainly to get 
a hit. Just so they don’t get hurt." 

Ray Miller, the Baltimore Orioles' 
pitching coach, said his biggest concern 
was with base running, if pitchers ever 
reached base. 

“That’s where you get hurt the most 
because they haven’t been out there and 
they quick sprint,” Miller said. “In 
pitching, the only time you quick sprint 
is to cover first or go after a ground 

Miller said the Orioles' pitchers, so far, 
had worked on bunting but not swinging. 
“We don’t want them to swing the bai 
too hard and pull something,” he ex- 

This could be the only season pitchers 
have to worry about hitting in inter- 
league games. Under the new collec- 
tive-bargaining agreement, if the clubs 
want io expand the imerleague schedule 
in 1998 from this season’s 15 and 16 
games per team to 24 to 30 per team, the 
designated hitter will be used in all 

Hawks Take Off Quickly To Beat Celtics 

The Associated Press 

Dikembe Mutorabo and Christian 
Laettner each scored six points Sunday 
as the Atlanta Hawks started with a 25- 
2 opening and then coasted to a 1 14-90 
victory in Boston. 

The Hawks scored the game’s first 
1 9 points and held the Celtics scoreless 
until Marty Conlon hit a baseline jump- 
er with 5: 1 7 to go in the quarter. Boston 
missed its first 1 1 shots and the Hawks 
hit 7-of-10 during their quick start. 

‘ ‘I felt like there was no resistance in 
the first quarter.” said Mutombo. who 

had three easy baskets inside during the 
game-opening spree before being re- 
moved with the score 23-2 and 416 

NBA Roundup 

minutes left in the quarter. 

Hamets 82 , Meat 76 Glen Rice had 
2 1 points and Charlotte built a 28-point 
second-quarter lead and then held off 
the poor-shooting Miami. 

Miami mounted a 20-6 run over the 
first 10:02 of the fourth quarter to 
closed to 76-70 on a Tim Hardaway 

free throw with 1 :58 to play, but could 
get no closer. 

Raptors 81, Grizzlies 77 Walt Wil- 
liams scored 16points as Toronto tieda 
franchise high with their 21st win of 
the season, beating visiting Van- 
couver. Both the Canadian teams are in 
their second seasons in the league. 

The victory snapped the Raptors' 
five-game losing screak, while the 
Grizzlies extended their losing streak 
to a season-high nine games. 

Anthony Peeler led the Grizzlies 
with 25 points. 


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PAGE 18 

World Roundup 

Enc CaiUmVReum 

Monro Ganetti riding in the 
time trial that opened the Par- 
is-Nice race Sunday. Laurent 
Jalabert captured the stage. 

Eagle Lands Prize 

GOLF Clinton Whitelaw of 
South Africa broke a four-man 
deadlock in the Moroccan Open 
Sunday with an eagle at the 1 7th 
hole. That put the 26-year-old 
South African in a two-stroke 

A careful par at the last hole 
gave Whitelaw a final-round 6 9 
and an I l-under-par total of 277, 

his first European Tour victory, an 
exemption through the end of 

exemption through the end 
1999 and a check for $93,300. 

Australia's Wayne Riley tied 
ith a fellow Australian, Darren 

with a fellow Australian. Darren 
Cole, and England's Roger Chap- 
man in second place at 279. 

• David Duval shot a rollicking 
70 on Saturday for a one-stroke 
lead over Nick Price going into the 
final round of the Doral-Ryder 
Open in Florida. Duval made only 
three pars in the round, but man- 
aged nine birdies to finish 54 holes 
at 12-under 204. fAPl 

West Indies In Charge 

cricket West Indies took a 
first innings lead of 8 1 runs when it 
bowled out India for 346 on the 
fourth day of the first test in King- 
ston. Jamaica, on Sunday. West 
Indies then reached lunch at 29 
withour loss in its second innings. 

Paceman Franklyn Rose, on his 
debut, dismissed India’s Abey 
Kuril villa for 0 to Finish with six 
wickets for 100 runs. 

• In Dunedin. New Zealand. 
Sri Lanka ended the third day of 
the first test Sunday 327 runs be- 
hind New Zealand. Sri Lanka was 
all out for 222 in its first innings, 
364 behind New Zealand, which 
made the tourists follow on and 
take their second innings at once. 
Sri Lanka was 37 without loss in 
when rain stopped piay. f Reuters) 

Krajicek at Gome 

tennis Richard Krajicek, the 
Wimbledon champion, beat the 
unseeded Czech Daniel Vacek by 
7-6 7-6, in the $750,000 Rotter- 
dam World Indoor final on 
Sunday. {Reuters) 

Rodman Turns Wrestler 

Dennis Rodman has signed with 
a professional wrestling promoter 
and will be in the ring as Hulk 
Hogan s tag-team partner on a pay- 
per-view card this summer. The 
Chicago Bulls’ star will be cast as a 
bad guy. Rodman's contract is 
with World Championship Wres- 
tling, a division of Time-Wamer. 

Eric Bischoff. WCW executive 
vice president said “The Worm" 
would join a group of antihero 
wrestlers called the New World 
Order, led by good-guy-tumed- 
bad-guy Hogan, professional wres- 
tling's biggest star. (AP) 



In One for the Ages, 
Russian Beats Slaney 

2d Record Gives Kipketer the Gold 

By Ian Thomsen 

InJcntatioibii Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Looking up at the gian t TV 
screen, as if it were a rearview mirror. 
Mary Slaney could see no threat behind 
her in the last strides of the 1 .500 meters 
final. Then, suddenly, on her right 
shouJder, she was overtaken by three one- 

hundredths of a second by her only peer 
in these World Indoor Championships, 
the Russian she had been hearing about 
aU weekend. 

After the race, the two runners sat 
next to each other at a press conference. 
Slaney, die 38-year-old silver medalist, 
has a 10-year-old daughter in Oregon. 
Yekaterina Podkopayeva, the 44-year- 
old Russian gold medalist, has two sons 
aged 15 and 10. 

Do you remember me, Podkopayeva 
asked with her hands, nodding and smil- 
ing, and holding up three fingers to 

seconds, it could be argued that the prize 
money bore little meaning. Two weeks 
ago, Mutola returned home to Mozam- 
bique for the funeral of her father, who had 
been hit by a car. After the funeral, her 
mother and brothers asked Mutola to run 
in the world championship for her father. 

Last week, in something of a fog, not 
having eaten for three days, she flew to 
Barcelona to train. She did not Look like 
her old dominant self even as she was 
winning her third successive world in- 
door gold medal. 

“My lather loved to see this so much, 
and he is not going to be able to see this 
anymore," said Mutola, 24. “I'm going 
to miss him. I don’t know how I will be 
able to do this without him.” 

The most dramatic ending had been 
arranged for Slaney, who qualified for 

these championships two weeks ago by 
running the world's fastest indoor 1 .500 

Slaney. Slaney nodded, smiling back, 
but she did not remember. In 1983. 
Podkopayeva had finished third behind 
Slaney in the outdoor World Champi- 
onship 1 ,500 meters. It took her 14 years, 
but on Sunday the Russian caught up. 

Sunday brought an emotional con- 
clusion to these sixth indoor champi- 
onships, which were characterized by the 
injection of a $50,000 prize for each 
gold-medal winner and for each com- 
petitor who broke a world record. The big 
winner was Wilson Kipketer, the 
Kenyan -bom Dane, who was assured of 
a $50,000 bonus Friday when he set a 
world record of 1 minute 43.96 seconds 
in an 800-meter heat. On Sunday, Kip- 
keter earned another $50,000 for winning 
the gold medal — while breaking the 
world record again — in 1:42.67, more 
than three seconds faster than the field. 
There was no second bonus for breaking 
the record twice, so Kipketer had to settle 
for a $ 1 00,000 weekend. 

For Maria Mutola, who sat sobbing just 
past the finish line after holding off Nat- 
alya Dukhnova of Belarus to win die wo- 
men's 800 meters in I minute, 58.96 

running the world's fastest indoor 1 .500 
meters in seven years in 4:03.08. Her 
career has been struck down by about 20 
operations, exercise-induced asthma, 
and her tumble over Zola Budd in the 
1984 Olympics. 

Many of the key elements of her glor- 
iously troubled career were compressed 
and unwound Sunday in the seven and a 
half laps round the highly banked track. 
Coming out of the first turn she stumbled 
over her American teammate, Suzi 
Hamilton, shooting her a look. 

Slaney was feeling “heavy," in pan, 
she said, because it "had taken her two 
extra days to reach Paris after one flight 
from the United States was canceled and 
another had to turn back after two and a 
half hours. She had been hoping to break 
the world record under the 4-minute bar- 
rier, but had to settle for a silver medal in 
4:05.22. in what was her first World 
Championship since she heat Podko- 
payeva in 1983. 

Podkopayeva, who lives near Mos- 
cow, has had her own troubles over the 
decades. She would have been an 
Olympic gold-medal favorite in 1984 if 
not for the Soviet boycott. More recently, 
she has been arguing defiantly with her 

Coulthard and McLaren 
Win First Formula One 


MELBOURNE — ■ David 

Coulthard ’s rivals faltered, and he 
swooped to earn the McLaren team its 
first Formula One victory in more than 
three years in the season-opening Aus- 
tralian Grand Prix at Albert Park. 

The 25-year-old Scot grabbed the 
second victory of his career, while both 
Williams drivers crashed, and the de- 
fending world champion, Damon Hill, 
failed to complete the warm-up lap. 

Williams had dominated prerace 
practice and occupied the first two pos- 

Racing s High-Tech TV. Page 16. 

itions on the starting grid. Jacques Vil- 
leneuve. who was in pole position, was 
pushed off at the first comer after a 
collision with Johnny Herbert's Sauber 
and a Ferrari driven by Eddie Irvine. 

Heinz-HaraJd Frentzen of Germany, 
who took over from Hill at Williams, 
spun off while lying second in the 56th 
of the 58-lap contest. 

Michael Schumacher of Germany, who 
had lost second place to Frentzen after 
having to make a late fuel stop, climbed to 
second in his Ferrari. Mika Hakkinen, 
driving a McLaren, finished third. 

McLaren 's last victory was in the 
Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide in 
1993, won by Ayrton Senna in his final 
race with the team. 

Hakkinen. who had suffered head in- 
juries in Adelaide at the 1995 Australian 
Grand Prix. finished just six-tenths of a 
second ahead of a Benetton driven by 
Gerhard Berger of Austria. 

Oliver Panis of France was fifth for 
the new Prost team. Nicola Larini of 
Italy finished sixth for Sauber. 

mil’s luckless weekend ended on the 
prerace parade Jap when he dropped out 
with a throttle problem before the grid 
formed up. Hill 's misery started in prac- 
tice and qualifying when he battled for a 
place on the grid. He should have started 
from the back row in his Mercedes-Benz 
powered car. but did not start ax all. 

“I Iosl the throttle," he explained. 
“But I don't know exactly what 
happened. It is always disappointing to 
retire, but even more so not to make it to 
the grid. However, I believe the team 
has real potential.' ’ 

Coulthard enjoyed different emo- 
tions: “I felt a mixture of relief and 
disbelief. It was an emutional win for 
me and I felt like crying in the car. I 
spent a lot of rime behind Michael in 
1995. so I learned how to keep someone 
behind you and resisted his pressure on 
me today." 

Coulthard said he was fortunate to 
have missed "all the aggro" at the first 

Herbert suid he was angry with Irvine 
for the incident. "He's done it before 
and it's out of order.” he said. 

Ralf Schumacher, the 21 -year-old 
younger brother of Michael, dropped out 
on the second lap with a broken drive- 
shaft on his debut, and both Stewart 
drivers failed to last the distance despite 
running in the top 10 at one stage. 

The most frustrated man of all was Jean 
A lesi of France, who ran out of fuel on lap 
35 just as he was planning to come to the 
pits. His radio contacts failed. 

Russian coaches, who have been inter- 
ested in more youthful runners. 

Now that the sport is professional, she 
has been running to support her family. 
At the Russian Inals last month in Vol- 
gograd. she admittedly ran a slow, tac- 
tical race in a successful auemjri to 
prevent her younger Russian ri\ ai> from 
earning a qualifying time for the woriii 
championships. Her times this wuuer 
had been unimpressive, but she kept the 



IlniV rthffcvTV V-viiloJ ncu 

Johnny Herbert, bottom, colliding with the favorite Jacques. Villeneuve. 
middle, as Eddie Irvine, the driver who caused the crash, raced ahead. 

Every country has its own AT&T Access Number which 

makes calling from France and other countries really 


easy. Just dial the AT&T Access Number for the country 


you're calling from and you'll get the fastest, dearest 

connections. And be sure to charge your calls on your 

Stops to fallen when falling 
imemaikMuiUy from (Horses.: 

MONDAY, MARCH 10, 1997 

Track Stars 

For Millions 

By Ian Thomsen 

/lUemadonal Herald Tribune _ 

PARIS — Depending on who you talk 
to, the last weekend in May will either be 
the death of track and field, or else it will 
steer a promising new course for the 
sport's professional future. - 

Adidas announced Saturday that it 
would sponsor a winner- take -all $ 1 mil- 
lion race on May 31 between two of its 
world-renowned clients, Noureddine 
Morceli of Algeria and Haile Gebr- 
selassie of Ethiopia. 

The $1 million prize will be awarded 
only if the winner runs his two-mile race 
at Hengelo. Netherlands, in less than 8 
minutes, something that has never been 
done at the rarely contested distance. 
The next day in Toronto, two Olympic 
sprint champions, Michael Johnson and 
Donovan Bailey, will race against each 
other at 150 meters in a similar, 
privately sponsored 52 million race, ft is 
hoped by many that the two events will 
feed off each other. 

Adidas will try to promote its head- 
to-head match as a logical follow-up to 
Roger Bannister’s conquest of the 4- 

minuie mile. Athletic purists will argue 
that one is a oervereion of the other. 

J^ait-Gtr 4uplv kuhoftlniiw 

Yekaterina Podkopayeva, left, overtaking Mary Slaney in the 1,500 meters. 

secret to herself that she could win a 
medal in the 1 .500 meter,. 

She moved into third on fresh legs 
with iw o laps to go. and coming out of the 
last turn she sneaked up behind Slaney. 

Afterward, the people who love the 
sport were talking about the history the 
Russian had made against the Amer- 
ican. the drama of their intertwining 
pasts. Podkopayeva said. “The $50,000 
will pay for a new aDanment." 

that one is a pervereion of the other. 
Bannister was a medical student who 
trained when he could, and he broke the 
4-minute barrier at a small meet in Ox- 
ford. Morceli and Gebrselassie are full- 
time professionals with several world 
records and Olympic and World Cham- 
pionship titles to their credit. ' 

Their race will be a sanctioned LAAF 
event as part of the Adriaan Paulen Me- 
morial meet. Pace-setting rabbits will be 
entered in the race, along with enough 
also-rans to make the race official. 

Athletes and sponsors have been ar- 
guing that athletics needs to increase its 
profile, and that these boxing-style pro- 
morions are a good start. Now that the 
sport is completely professional, with 
$50,000 prizes being introduced over the 
weekend at the world indoor champi- 
onships in Paris, the sponsors are eager to 
compete for publicity along the lines of 
other professional sports. 

But the age-old protectors of track and 
field are worried that shoe companies 
like Adidas and Nike will organize their 
own competitions to the detriment of 
Grand Prix meets, the world champi- 
onships and the Olympics. 

The two-mile distance was arranged 
as a compromise between two Adidas 
athletes who otherwise wouldn't have 
raced against each other. Morceli used 
to hold the world record at 3,000 meters, 
the closest equivalent to 2 miles. Gebr- 
selassie, however, has set two world 
records at Hengelo at 5.000 meters in 
1994 and 10,000 meters in 1995. 

"This is going to be a very, very big 
race for me and Haile/' said Morceli. 

Takes Slalom, 
Beating Jagge 

The Associated Press 
SHIGAKOGEN. Japan — The 
Olympic gold medalist at Lille- 
hammer, Thomas Stangassinger, 
skiing on next year’s Olympic 
course, edged Finn-Chrisrian Jagge 
in the slalom Sunday, his first 
World Cup victory in three years. 

Starting second from last as light 
snow felll, the 3 1 -year-old Austrian 

Saturday's Skiing, Page 16 

raced the tamest second run of the 
day. His aggregate nine of I minute 
41.10 seconds was ,S4 faster than 
that of Jagge. a Norwegian also 
seeking his first ;.i Cup victory 
since 1994. Ole-Clinsn.M Furuseth 
of Norway, who led biamrassinger 
48.93 seconds to 49.32 or Ine first 
run. almost fell on his second run bur 
recovered to finish third in 1 :42.32. 

AT&T Calling Card, it'll help you avoid outrageous 

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fiir ilu- c.«min uni .ire culling fa mi. 

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ah nr imr ii. ime 

0 - 800 - 99-0011 

So please check the list for AT&T Access Numbers. 

AT&T Access Numbers 


Austria* o 022-983-011 

Mfllom* 0-800-100-10 

Franca 0400-99-0811 

Germany 0139-0010 

Brew** 00-800-1311 

Ireland 1-890-550-000 

Italy* 172-1011 

Netherlands* 08-022-9111 

Russia *A(Mon*w)» - 755-5042 

Spafao 909-99-08-11 

Sweden BaKras-wi 

Switzerland* 0880-89-0011 

United Kingdom* 0808-898811 


intwcain)* . . si 0-0290 

Hrael 177-100-2727 

Saadi Arabia v , . 1 -80 8-18 


Shane atai 

Kenya*. . 0-800-lb 

South Africa 9000-99-0123 

to-imul ihr •»*.«* Number for thrcmmin ma n- olfii* Iron? Jw^anvrjpmiarfar 

4T Wtttr “r A* our Web die 4t hitp-y/Vw^jm^nrtrmdw 

in the springtime. 

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