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the World’s Daily Newsp ape 

Zaire Rebels 
Add Key City 
; As Offensive 
Sweeps On 

Kisangani h Taken 

After a Brief Fight; 

Mobutu Hospitalized 

OnvOni by OtrSiaffFnm DbpuKha 

GOMA, Zaire — Triumphant Zairian 
rebels said Sunday that they had pushed 
beyond Kisangani, the strategic eastern 
city they seized Saturday, and had taken 
t Pweio, a town on the Zambian bonier, 

• * as they pressed on with an offensive. 

“We are beyond Kisangani in order 
to secure the whole region,'* a rebel 
spokesman, Raphael Ghenda, told jour- 
nalists in the eastern town of Goma. 

In France, meanwhile, aides to the 
Zairian leader, Mobutu Sese Seko. said 
he was hospitalized Sunday for “sup- 
plementary care.” No details were im- 
mediately available. 

The news came after an aide said the 
embattled president had put off indef- 

The rebel leader's goal? To revive a 
an impoverished natjon. Page & 

initely returning to his homeland, after 
having said Saturday that he would re- 
rum Monday. 

Marshal Mobutu has spent much of 
the past seven months in Europe ne- 
t covering from cancer surgery. 

■ 1 The capture of Kisangani, where 
President Mobutu Sese Seko’s army had 
hoped to put a stop to six months of rebel 
advances, went quickly. After a burst of 
fighting Friday night and Saturday 
morning, the Zairian Army reportedly 
looted the city and fled with panicked 

The leader of the advancing rebels, 
Laurent Kabila, told reporters: “As you 
know, the town of Kisangani fell into 
cur hands at 2:45 P.M. We are now 
thinking of going up to Kinshas a.” 

Kinshasa, the capital, is 1.200 ki- 
lometers to die southwest. Mr. Kabila 
said, however, that he was open to a 
negotiated peace. 

Even as Mr. Kabila indicated that he 
was open to a negotiated peace, he dis- 
missed a United Nations bid to broker a 
cease-fire between his forces and the 
Mobutu regime. A special UN envoy. 
Mohamed Sahooun, held talks with Mr. 
Kabila but left Goma empty-handed. 

Mr. Ghenda said the rebels were also 
advancing in Shaba, a southern mining 
region, and had taken control of Pweto. 

S The fall of the town puts the insurgents 
within 400 kilometers of the regional 
capital. Lubumbashi, which has cobalt 
and copper mines. The rebels are also at 
the edge of neighboring East Kasai ■ 

As the rebels pushed on, the Euro- 
pean Union issued an appeal to all sides 
in the fig htin g to respect the lives of 
refugees and local residents. 

“The European Union has learned 
with deep concern of the rapid deteri- 
oration of the situation in Zaire,” the 
Dutch presidency declared in a state- 
ment Sunday. 

It appealed to “all parties m the con- 
flict to respect both the refugees and the 
Zairian population/’ 

Humanitarian groups said Sunday 
that the capture of Kisangaru had left 
100,000 refugees stranded. (AFP. API 

^ ■ Loyalties Start to Crumble 

Howard W. French of The New York 
Times reported from Kinshasa: 

- More worrisome for the government 
than the fall of Kisangani was the re- 
ported switch of elite government forces 
in the city to the rebel side. Western 
diplomats and Zairian officials say. 

See ZAIRE, Page 8 



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Paris, Monday, March 17, 1997 

No. 35,471 

Refuses to Send 
Troops to Albania 

• S r&i 

Resisting France, Italy and Greece, 
It Approves Small Urut of Advisers 

* "l ■’ 

Albanian civilians pushing unsuccessfully to board U.S. Marine helicopters near the port oTDurreTra 
Sunday. Troops with the copters had been ordered to rescue only UJS M Turkish and Italian citizens. Page 8. 

A Russia Neither Friend Nor Foe 

Clinton and Yeltsin Will Seek a New Relationship at Helsinki 

By Steven Erlanger 

AVh York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — So if the Rus- 
sians aren't enemies any more, and 
they don't quite seem to be friends, 
what are they exactly? 

Do they still have a central role in 
the American national psyche, let 
alone American foreign policy? Do 
Americans still fear them too much? 
Or are Americans taking the Russians 
too much for granted? 

Those questions have sharp signi- 
ficance this week ai what seems an- 
other pivotal moment in Amen can - 
Russian relations. President Bill Clin- 
ton, hobbled after knee surgery last 
week, is preparing to meet in Helsinki 
on Thursday and Friday with the 
newly reanimated Russian president. 
Boris Yeltsin, after stage-setting meet- 

ings here between American officials 
and Foreign Minister Yevgeni Pri- 

Moscow’s opposition to NATO’s 
enlargement is [he contentious issue at 
hand. American attitudes to the Rus- 


sians, and the Russians' view of the 
United States and their own changed 
circumstances, are an important part of 
the negotiating equation. 

Summit Put Off a Day 

President Bill Clinton left a hospital 
slightly ahead of schedule Sunday, but 
he remained in pain after knee surgery, 
aides said, and had to delay by a day 
his meeting in Helsinki with President 
Boris Yeltsin of Russia. Page 3. 

The central reality underlying the 
meeting is Russia's diminished 
stature. Although Russia still counts 
— it is, after all. a nuclear power 
capable of destroying the united 
States — it is much weakened, and 
therefore doesn’t count as much. 

To negotiate successfully with Mr. 
Yeltsin, as well as to hedge against the 
future, Mr. Clinton needs to find ways 
to allow Mr. Yeltsin to convince the 
Russians that they do still matter — 
that Washington and the North At- 
lantic Treaty Organization are w illin g 
to give Moscow a prominence and 
deference that it may no longer de- 

It's difficult for Moscow, for it used 
to be that its importance needed no 
inflating. Russia was the true Amer- 

See RUSSIANS, Page 8 

By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 

APELDOORN, the Netherlands — 
Resisting calls from France, Italy and 
Greece for military intervention to help 
restore order in Albania, the European 
Union agreed Sunday to send a small 
group of civilian and military advisers 

The Union did not exdude a wider 
intervention, but its foreign ministers 
declined to commit themselves to any- 
thing beyond an advisory role until they 
receive a report from a European dip- 
lomatic team that was due to arrive in 
Tirana on Monday for talks with the 
government and opposition groups. 

Amid signs that some calm was re- 
turning in Albania, meanwhile. Pres- 
ident Sali Berisha raised hopes of a 
political solution to the crisis. 

Mr. Berisha informed the Dutch gov- 
ernment, which as EU president is steer- 
ing Europe's response, that be would 
resign if his party loses the parliamen- 
tary elections that all parties are seeking 
to organize for June. 

Several European governments have 
called on Mr. Berisha to resign, and 
Malcolm Rifkind, the British foreign 
minister, called the offer “a helpful 
indication of flexibility.” 

The compromise decision to send 
only advisers, made by EU foreign min- 
isters at a weekend meeting in toe cen- 
tral Dutch town of Apeldoom, was dic- 
tated by the reluctance of Britain and 
Germany to be drawn into what they 
regard as the Albanian quagmire. 

The open display of European divi- 
sions on the region 's most urgent security 
issue evoked memories of Europe's fail- 
ure to respond to the breakup of toe 
former Yugoslavia in toe early 1990s. 

Carl Biidt, toe former Swedish prime 
minister who is overseeing civilian re- 
construction efforts in Bosnia, said 
Europe's ambitions to become a polit- 
ical and security power “risk looking 

pathetic” if toe Union cannot agree on 
intervention in Albania. 

Foreign Minister Herve de Chare tie of 
France said the European Union, as a rich 
bloc of some 370 million people, needed 
to take responsibility for stopping toe 
chaos in a dirt-poor nation of 3 million on 
its doorstep. He argued for a stabilization 
force of 1,000 to 3,000 people to help the 
Albanian Army and the police restore 
order and secure airports, highways, em- 
bassies and government buildings. 

Italy and Greece, which as immediate 

See ALBANIA, Page 8 

Jordan King Visits Israel; 
Netanyahu Is Unyielding 

Hussein Meets Parents of Murdered Girls 

P i!**™ Azm/Rniea 

King Hussein visiting Sunday and embracing the Israeli father of one of 
seven students who were shot to death by a Jordanian soldier last week. 

Canpdrd br Our Staff Fnwn Dnpatdtrs 

JERUSALEM — Israel vowed 
Sunday to break ground on a Jewish 
settlement despite a conciliatory visit by 
toe king of Jordan and more warnings 
that toe project Threatened to spark Pal- 
estinian violence and freeze the Middle 
East peace process. 

King Hussein flew to Israel to con- 
sole toe families of seven schoolgirls 
slaughtered by one of his soldiers at toe 
border last week and to defuse tensions 
with Prime Minister Benjamin Netan- 

It was the long' s fourth public visit to 
Israel since toe two countries signed a 
peace agreement in October 1994, and 
his first since Mr. Netanyahu took office 
in June. His only previous visit to Je- 
rusalem under Israeli rule was for toe 
funeral of the assassinated Prime Min- 
ister Yitzhak Rabin in November 1995. 

Bond Markets 
Gird for Rise 
In U.S. Rates 


By Carl Gewirtz 

international Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The mood in international 
bond markets is grim, and toe primary 
reason is anticipation of an increase in 
official U.S. interest rates at the March 
25 meeting of the Federal Reserve 
Board's rate-setting committee. 

Even if the central bank policymakers 
do not increase the overnight cost of 

OECD deems record-high stock 
prices ‘sustainable.’ Page 12. 

money by a quarter of a percentage 
point, or 25 basis points, as is widely 
expected, analysis wain that any bounce 
in market sentiment would be short- 
lived. All the incoming data point to an 
acceleration of growth in the economy, 
they say, and thus an eventual tightening 
of monetary policy- 

The one hitch that may restrain early 
Fed action is that U.S. inflation is not 
increasing, depriving the Fed of a clear- 
cut mason to move. But that may not be 
needed, since toe Fed chairman. Alan 
Greenspan, has publicly warned of the 
possibility of preemptive action— mov- 
ing before inflation measures increase. 

David Hale at Zurich Kemper In- 

See ECONOMY, Page 8 

Vietnam Rebukes 
China on Spratlys 

Vietnam demanded that China stop 
drilling for oil close to toe disputed 
Spratly Islands, toe official Vietnam 
brews Agency said Sunday, adding 
that its Coast Guard has sent repeated 
warnings to Chinese vessels nearby. 

“The operation of toe Chinese oil 
rig has seriously violated Vietnam's 
sovereignty over its exclusive eco- 
nomic zone and continental shelf,” 
Vietnam said in a letter delivered to 
the Chinese Embassy in Hanoi. 

Vietnam said the oil rig, tugboat and 
accompanying vessels moved March 
7 into die South China Sea off Chan 
Nay Dong Cape, halfway down the' 
Vietnamese coast. China and Vietnam 
are among six regional claimants to 
toe Spratlys, which are thought to have 
substantial oil reserves. 

Warships from the two countries 
clashed briefly in die Spratlys in the 
late 1980s. But in 1991 they set up 
working groups to thrash out border 
disputes. Page 4. 

Victor Vasarely Dies 

Victor Vasarely, considered the 
master of Op Art. died Saturday in 
Parisat 90. The Hungarian-born artist 
experimented with many forms of 
20th-century art before launching so- 
called Optical Art in 1955. The tech- 
nique, which he defined in his “Yel- 
low Manifest,” . was was based on 
optical illusions. Page 2. 

King Hussein appeared to touch toe 
hearts of many Israelis, kneeling in 
mourning with the families of toe 
murdered girls and saying they were all 
“members of one family.*’ 

“I love King Hussein,” said Ye- 
hezkel Cohen, whose 13-year-old 
daughter. Nine, was killed in last 
Thursday’s massacre. “Despite the sor- 
row, I say this: 1 hope and believe in 
King Hussein and a real peace.” 

Idc shootings of the gifts was “a 
crime toot is a shame for all of us,” the 
king said to the grieving parents of one 
victim, Natalie Alkakd, who was 13. 

At the home of the family of 12- year- 
old Adi Malka, King Hussein knelt to 
speak to her relatives, who were sitting 
on toe floor in a traditional Jewish 
mourning custom. Adi's parents, wbo 
are deaf, communicated with the king 
through a sign-language interpreter. 

“I want my daughter back, ’her sob- 
bing mother. Alia, signed after be king 

X szed her hand. “We have peace, but 
’t have my daughter anymore.” 

“I feel that I’ve lost a child,” he 
replied. King Hussein, like some Pal- 
estinian officials, warned last week of 

See ISRAEL, Page 4 

Renault workers from France 
putting teeth into the march. 

On March 
In Europe 

CiwpiW b\ Our Sk&Fram Dap&cbez 

BRUSSELS — Tens of thou- 
sands of trade unionists and politi- 
cians from across Europe marched 
through Brussels on Sunday to vent 
their anger at high unemployment 
and the erosion of job security. 

Michel Nollet, head of Commu- 
nist FGTB union of Belgium, told 
toe noisy crowd: * Today’s demon- 
stration is not the end. It is not the 
final act. Together, united, we will 
continue our struggle for a social 
Europe. For a Europe of solidar- 

Unions expected 60,000 people 
at a March for Jobs sparked by toe 
announcement two weeks ago that 
Renault SA, the French carmaker, 
was closing its Vilvoorde plant in 
Belgium, with toe loss of 3.100 
jobs. News of the Renault closure 
came on top of the bankruptcy in 
January of Forges de Clabecq SA, 
toe Belgian steelmaker, threatening 
another 1,800 jobs. 

An effigy of the Renault chair- 
man, Louis Schweitzer, was prom- 
inent among banners at the march. 1 

At the front of the procession 
were such political leaders as toe 
French Socialist Party chief, Lionel 
Jospin, and tire Belgian Socialist 
chief, Philippe Busquin. 

“It is extremely important that 
we should all be together in Brussels 
to demonstrate the desire to create a 
social Europe,” Mr. Jospin said. 

Nic ole N otat, head of the So- 
cialist CFDT union of France, ad- 
ded: “We want to show our solid- 
arity with the Renault group’s 
Belgian employees.” 

See PROTEST, Page 4 

New Orleans: Fat City 
(Really, Really Fat) 

Julius Rosenberg after be and his 
wife, Ethel, learned in 1953 that 
they would be executed. A ne w 
look at the case: PAGE TWO. 


Centred Europe Awaits NATO Nod 

EUROPE P»9*5* 

Turkey Gets Reassurance From EU 

Books Page 7. 

Crossword Pag 6 7. 

Opinion — - Pages 6. 

Sports ....... — Pages 24-26. 

International Classified 

Page 9. 

Sponsor Soctlea «*•* *»■”• 


The IHT on-iine 

By Rick Bragg 

New York Times Senice 

NEW ORLEANS — The news that a 
health study has ranked New Orleans as 
toe most obese city in the United Stales 
did not exactly send toe city’s reporters 
lunging for their notebooks. 

“When we heard that, we were like, 
well. ‘Duh.’ ” said Siona Carpenter, a 
feature writer at The TimeS-Picayune, 
toe city’s daily newspaper. “People 
here nam e their dogs Boudin.” 

Boudin, pronounced boo-DAN, for toe 
cuJinarity deprived, is a Cajun sausa g e. 

Down here, where eating poorly is a 
mortal sin and good food simmers in 
SlOO-a-piate restaurants and in the most 
humble shotgun houses alike, it would 
have been news only if New Orleans had 
not been at or near the top of such a list 

People here even name themselves 
after food. Ms. Carpenter, doing a recent 
computer search on sandwich shops, 
turned up an obituary for Leonard (PO 
Boy) Charles, who died last year. 

Po boys, for people who have never 
had one, are French bread sandwiches 

stuffed with fried oysters, lettuce, tomato 
and tartar sauce, among other things. 

Of the nation’s 33 largest cities. New 
Orleans had toe highest percentage of 
obese people, at 3735, according to toe 
study by the National Center for Health 

People are considered obese, more or 
less, if their weight is more than 20 
percent higher than ideal weights as 
listed in standard chans on toe subject. 

This means that more than I in 3 
residents of the New Orleans metro- 
politan area has absolutely no business 
being in the drive-through of Popeye’s 
fried chicken (which was, of course, 
founded here). 

New Orleans led the list purely be- 
cause “of its quality, and quantity, of 

S tood,” said Jim Hooter, an antiques 
r on Magazine Street in the section 
of the city known as toe Irish Channel. 

Mr. Hooter described a nearby res- 
taurant the Pie in the Sky, which serves 
a fantastic roast turkey po boy, on home- 
baked bread, with sweet purple onions. 

See FAT, Page 4 

■1 • 

' - - ■* 


A-Bomb Role Was Slight / Guilty of Industrial Espionage, Russian Says 

A Spy Revisits the Rosenberg Case 

N EW YORK — Half a century has 
passed since Alexander Feklisov 
says be held bis last clandestine 
meeting with Julius Rosenberg, but 
the retired Soviet spy describes the occasion as 
if it were yesterday. 

It was a hot. humid evening in August 1946. 
Mr. Feklisov, then a young intelligence officer 
attached to the Soviet Consulate in New York, 
had just been recalled to Moscow. The FBI was 
closing in on the networks of Soviet agents set 
up during World War II from the ranks of 
committed American Communists. A telegram 
had arrived from the KGB’s Moscow Center to 
close the New York operation temporarily. 

They met at a Hungarian restaurant on Man- 
hattan’s Upper West Side and then, as night 
fell, went for a walk along Riverside Drive, Mr. 
Feklisov said. He remembers sitting on a beach 
with Mr. Rosenberg and giving his American 
friend final instructions on how to resume 
contact with his Soviet handlers. He handed 
over $ l ,000 to cover possible emergencies. 

At the eod of the meeting, the two men stood 
and embraced before going their separate 

Mr. Feklisov went on to have a distinguished 
career in foreign intelligence, including a post- 
ing to Washington as KGB resident in the early 
1 $>0s. Mr. Rosenberg and his wife, Ethel, ware 
executed in 1953 after a sensational treason 
trial at which they were accused of giving 
Russia the secret of die atom bomb. 

Flash forward 50 years. Mr. Feklisov returns 
to New York late last August to help clarify 
one of the most divisive and enduring con- 
troversies in modem American history. Julius 
and Ethel Rosenberg went to their deaths in- 
sisting that they were the victims of a gov- 
ernment conspiracy. Up until now, Moscow 
has steadfastly denied their guilt and has re- 
fused to make public any of the intelligence 
files dealing with the case. 

For generations of left-wing Americans, the 
innocence of the Rosenbergs was an article of 
political faith. 

By Michael Dobbs 

Washington Fast Service 

the cable television network Discovery Chan- 
nel, Mr. Feklisov said he met at least 50 times 
in New York with Mr. Rosenberg from 1943 to 
1946. He credited Mr. Rosenberg with helping 
to organize an important industrial espionage 
ring for Moscow and handing oyer top-secret 
information on military electronics. 

He insisted that Ethel Rosenberg never had 
any direct contact with Soviet intelligence but 

any direct contact with Soviet intelligence but 
conceded that she was probably “aware” of 
her husband’s activities. 

Mr. Feklisov. who is known in the United 
States for his rale as a behind-the-scenes in- 
termediary between the KGB and the White 
House dining the 1962 Cuban missile crisis, 
said that Mr. Rosenberg played only a peri- 
pheral role in Soviet atomic espionage. Ac- 
cording to Mr. Feklisov, Mr. Rosenberg was 
“not directly involved” in stealing nuclear 
secrets from the United States. 

He described as absurd the assertion of the 
sentencing judge, Irving Kaufman, that the 
Rosenbergs had “altered the course of human 

' Julius was a great sympathizer 
of the Soviet Union, Julius was a 
true revolutionary , who was 
willing to sacrifice himself 
for his beliefs 

histoty” by giving Moscow the atomic bomb. 
Mr. Feklisov’ s assertions about the nature of 

A ged 82 and frail. Mr. Feklisov sat on 
a bench on Riverside Drive, near 
where he said his final good-bye to 
Mr. Rosenberg. He said the time had 
come to reveal what he knows about the 
Rosenberg affair, despite what he described as 
the objections of Russian intelligence chiefs. 

A lifelong Communist, Mr. Feklisov wants 
the world to know that Mr. Rosenberg was a 
“Hero” who helped the Soviet Union in its 
hour of need in World War H and was later 
abandoned by his Soviet spy masters. 

“My morality does not allow me to keep 
silent,” said Mr. Feklisov. adding that be is the 
only Soviet intelligence officer still alive with 
intimate personal knowledge of the Rosenberg 
case. “Julius was a great sympathizer of the 
Soviet Union. There were others who also 
believed in communism but were unwilling to 
fight. Julius was a true revolutionary, who was 
willing to sacrifice himself for his beliefs.” 

In interviews with The Washington Post and 

the espionage role played by Julius and Ethel 
Rosenberg are consistent with recently re- 
leased U.S. intercepts of Soviet intelligence 
cables between New York and Moscow from 
the early 1940s. The so-called Venona in- 
tercepts include repeated references to Mr. 
Rosenberg's industrial espionage but suggest 
only peripheral involvement in atomic spying. 

The intercepts show that the Russians had at 
least three key agents in the U.S. atomic energy 
program, known as the Manhattan Project, 
who bad no connection to the Rosenbergs. The 
most important was a nuclear scientist. Klaus 
Fuchs, who was convicted of espionage and 
sentenced to 14 years imprisonment by a Brit- 
ish court in 1949. 

Mr. Feklisov said the decision to tell his side 
of the Rosenberg story was a result of years of 
personal agonizing and arguments with his su- 
periors in the foreign intelligence aim of the 

In 1993. he began cooperating with a re- 
searcher at the U.S.A. Institute in Moscow, 
Svetlana Chervonnaya, and an independent 
American filmmaker, Ed Wierzbowslri. who 
have investigated otter Cold War spy cases. 
Last August. Mr. Wieizbowski’s company. 
Global American Television, arranged for Mr. 
Feklisov to visit the United States to work on a 
documentary film about the Rosenberg case 
that is scheduled to be aired on the Discovery 
Channel next Sunday. 

With the Cold War over and the Soviet 
Union consigned to history, it is easy to forget 
the extraordinary emotions aroused by the case 
that the FBI director. J. Edgar Hoover, dubbed 
“tiie crime of the century. ’ 

Executed in die electric chair in Sing Sing on 
June 19, 1953, the Rosenbergs rapidly became 
a potent political symbol. To the left, they were 
martyrs of the McCarthyite hysteria then 
sweeping America. To the right, they were 
leaders of a Co mmunis t ring that betrayed 
America from within. 

The controversy over the government's han- 
dling of the case was heightened by die sever- 
ity of the punishment. The double death sen- 
tence for husband and wife was 
unprecedented, at least in a federal court, and 
meant that two young children had to grow up 
as orphans. 

It provoked a storm of protest all aroundthe 
world, with France condemning the United 
States and Pope Pius XU issuing a personal 
appeal for clemency. 

Along with the revelations contained in the 
Venona intercepts, which were made public in 
July 1995, Mr. Feklisov's reminiscences could 
resolve much of the remaining controversy 
surrounding the affair. While historians will 
continue to argue about certain details, there is 
now broad agreement between the rival camps 
on central facts of the case. 

“The debate is closed. It’s all over,” said 
Ronald Radosh, co-author of a 1983 book, 
“The Rosenberg File: A Search for the Troth,” 
which insisted that the Rosenbergs were guilty 
of espionage. “There is no longer any debate 
among serious people that Julius Rosenberg 
was a spy for the Soviet Union. At the same 
time, it is clear that the Rosenbergs did not give 
the Soviets the ‘secret’ of the bomb, and they 
should not have been executed.” 

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A long-running literary feud between 
Mr. Radosh and Walter Schneir. a 
left-wing historian who has devoted 
much of his life to proving the 
Rosenbergs* innocence, over the details of the 
cpse seems unlikely to end any time soon. Both 
men served as consultants for the Discovery 
Channel and plan to publish competing as- 
sessments of Mr. Feklisov's revelations in this 
week’s editions of their respective ideological 
house organs, the New Republic and the Na- 

“I accept that Julius Rosenberg was in- 
volved in espionage,” said Mr. Schneir, con- 
tradicting a central point of his 1968 book. 
“Invitation to an Inquest” which be wrote 
with his wife, Miriam. 

The Rosenberg children, Michael and 
Robert MeeropoL who have repeatedly in- 
sisted that their parents were innocent of es- 

,ysi ih:i - ! 

The Anwinud Pn» 

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg during their trial for treason against the United States. 

pionage, declined an invitation to meet with 
Mr. Feklisov last September during his two- 
week visit in the United States. 

Alexander Semyonovich Feklisov arrived 
in the United States early in 1941 under the 
pseudonym Alexander Fomin. The period 
after Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet Union in 
June 1941 was a golden era for Soviet foreign 

Until the Western allies opened a second 
front in France in June 1 944, Russia was left to 
bear the brunt of defending the world from 
German aggression. There was no shortage of 
idealistic young Communists both in America 
and Western Europe who were ready to assist 

the world’s first socialist country in any way 
they could. 

“It was not very difficult to find people to 
help us." recalled Mr. Feklisov, whose spe- 
cialty was techno-scientific espionage. A prune 
source of recruits for Soviet intelligence was 
the Young Communist League, to which tens 
of thousands of college students belonged. 

Mr. Feklisov credits Mr. Rosenberg with 
persuading some of his old friends from City 
College to work for the Soviet Union. Mr. 
Feklisov said neither he nor any other Soviet 
agent ever met Ethel Rosenberg, whose force- 
ful personality was depicted by U.S. pros- 
ecutors as playing an important role in mo- 
tivating her husband. 

According to Mr. Feklisov. the Rosenberg 
spy ring supplied the Kremlin with a stream of 
intelligence about breakthroughs in the U.S. 
military electronics industry, including the de- 
velopment of radar systems. He said the most 
valuable device that the Russians received 
from Mr. Rosenberg himself was a fully func- 
tioning proximity fuse, used to bring down 
enemy aircraft without hitting them directly. 

Development of the fuse was a closely 
guarded military secret and its production 

tightly supervised. Mr. Feklisov recalls that 
Mr Rosenberg painstakingly assembled a du- 
plicate proximity fuse out of discarded spare 
parts and then smuggled the device out of the 
Emerson Radio Factory in Man hattan - in- 
December 1944. ’ ‘ . 

“I have a Christmas present for die Red 
Army,” Mr. Rosenberg boasted to Mr. 
Feklisov at their next meeting, at a Horn & 
Hardan Automat. 

Mr. Feklisov had called the meeting to give 
Mr. Rosenberg some Christmas presents from 
the KGB. including an alligator handbag for 
Ethel Rosenberg and a toy for their son Mi- 
chael. He ended up having to lug a 20-pound 
(9-kilogram) box containing one of America’s 
most secret military devices back to the Soviet 

After they got over their initial surprise and 
leasure. his bosses were furious at Mr. Rosen- 

pleasure, his bosses were furious at Mr. Rosen- 
berg for taking the risk. At their next meeting, 
Mr. Feklisov passed their observations on to 
Mr. Rosenberg. 

“I calculated the risks very carefully,” he 
replied, according to Mr. Feklisov. “What I was 
risking was only one-hundredth of what a Red 
Army solder risks when be attacks a tank.” 

Victor Vasarely, Master of Op Art, Is Dead at 90 


The Associated Press 

PARIS — The Hungarian- 
born painter Victor Vasarely, 
90, whose strong geometric 
designs and innovative style 
gained him recognition, as a 
master of Op Art, has died, his 
family said Sunday. He 
would have been 91 next 

Michele Vasarely said her 
father-in-law had suffered 
from prostate cancer for the 
last two years. He died Sat- 
urday night at a private clinic 
in Paris. 

She said his decline in 
health coincided with the 
travails of his Vasarely Foun- 
dation. based in Aix-en- 
Provence. It is scheduled to 
be dissolved at the end of the 

Born April 9, 1906, in 
Pecs, Hungary, with the name 
Gyoezoe Vasarhelyi, the ab- 
stract painter studied medi- 
cine before turning to art 

Experimenting with Ex- 
pressionism, Cubism, then 
Surrealism. Mr. Vasarely in 
1955 launched into so-called 
Optica] Ait, based on creating 
optical illusions. The tech- 
nique. which he defined in his 
* * Yellow Manifest,’ ’ gave 
perspective to his colored 
geometric visions. 

Becoming a naturalized 
French citizen in 1959, he 
reached his apogee in the 

Among bis best-recog- 
nized paintings is a portrait of 

popular thriller “Day of the 
Jackal” (1973). 

German Airport Risk 

Joseph Fuchs, 97, 
American Violinist 

BONN (AFTM — Small, private aircraft and 

large passenger planes stand a big risk of 
collision above German airports because of 

'**»?»*•* 7* ‘ A 
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J ih 

LerjOhr AMvaaird Prew 

Victor Vasarely with one of his paintings in a 1972 photograph. 

hanging at the Beaubourg 
Center in Paris. 

President Georges Pomp- 
idou. an avia admirer. 


Fred Zinneaiann, 89, 
‘High Noon’ Director 

New York Times Service 

Fred Zinnemann, 89, the 
director who grappled with 
issues of moral courage in 
such Academy Award-win- 
ning films as "From Here to 
Eternity” in 1953 and “A 
Man for All Seasons” in 
1 966, died Friday at his home 
in London. 

Mr. Zinnemann also filmed 
“The Search,” a poignant 
1948 account of the plight of 
Europe's war orphans; “The 
Men,” Carl Foreman’s com- 

passionate 1950 study of 
paraplegic veterans, and Mr. 


paraplegic veterans, and Mr. 
Foreman's suspenseful west- 
ern “High Noon,” which 

won the 1952 best-director 
and best-movie awards from 
the New York critics. 

“From Here to Eternity,” 
Dalton Tnimbo’ s forceful ad- 
aptation of James Jones’s 
novel about the prewar army, 
won eight Oscars and earned 
Mr. Zinnemann best-director 
awards from both the New 
York Film Critics and the 
Screen Directors Guild. 

“A Man for All Seasons.” 
Robert Bolt’s drama about Sir 
Thomas More’s steadfast de- 
fiance of Henry VCD. won six 
Academy Awards and the 
best-director and best-movie 
awards from the New York 

At the core of Mr. Zin- 
nemann’s finest films lay a 
crisis of moral courage that 
challenged a character to face 

his conscience and test his 


Since 1854 


The only Grand Hotel 
located in trie heart of 
Geneva's business 
and shopping center. 
Air conditioned. 



“A director.” he told an 
interviewer, “should never 
compromise on important 
things. He must be deter- 
mined to retain his ideas. This 
can require real stubbornness, 
but without it you can lose 

“High Noon,” with Gary 
Cooper as a sheriff, stands as 
one of Mr. Zinnemann ’s clas- 
sic dramas of a hero func- 
tioning alone, doing what he 
knows be must do. All the 
action takes place in 90 
minutes, the actual running 
time of the film, and is punc- 
tuated by Tex Ritter’s mem- 
orable voice-over singing of 
“Do Not Forsake Me, O My 

Movies by Mr. Zinnemann 
also included "Act of Vio- 
lence” (1949), “The Sun- 
downers” (1960). and the 

The Associated Press 

American violinist Joseph 
Fuchs. 97, a teacher at the 
JuiUiard School of Music and 
performer who remained be- 
fore the musical public longer 
than any violinist in history, 
died here Friday of cardiac 
arrest, his daughter Elinor 
Fuchs said. 

Mr. Fuchs, who was bom 
in New York City on April 26. 
1899, played violin with a 
vigorous, large-scaled style, a 
masterful technique and a 
rich, warm, tone. He was also 
praised for his interpretive 
power and musical insight. 

Mr. Fuchs became a violin 
teacher at the JuiUiard School 
in 1946. His Iasi Carnegie Hall 
recital was in 1992 and he last 
performed at the JuiUiard 
School in January 1995. 

collision above German airports because of 
insufficient “safety space,” die German 
weekly news magazine Focus said Sunday. 

The magazine cited pilots and aviation ex- 
perts who said passenger aircraft carrying 
hundreds of people were finding themselves 
sharing airspace with smaller planes and with- 
out enough room to maneuver. 

The smaller aircraft, on recreational flights 
or small business shuttles, often did not re- 
gister flight plans above medium-sized air- 
ports like Hannover or Nureroburg, said 
Bemd Bockstaller. a spokesman for the pilots' 
association. Cockpit. He said the danger was 
that even if a commercial pilot spotted a 
smaller plane immediately ahead of him, there 
was little he could do to change course and 
avoid collision. 

The government fined Alaska Airlines 
$810,000 for improperly changing the main 
landing gear on a Boeing 737-200 and then 
sending it on thousands of flights. f APJ 

Cathay Pacific will add another flight to 
its current four flights a week linking Den4 
pasar on the Indonesian resort island of Bali to 
Hong Kong, according to the Indonesian news 
agency Antara. The additional flight, to start 

on March 30, will leave Denpasar on Tues - 1 
days and return from Hong Kong later the 

days and return from Hong 
same day. 

ig later the 


This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will be 
closed or services curtailed In the following 

countries and their dependencies this week 
because of national ana religious holidays: ' 

Yosemite National Park in California 
has reopened after being closed by severe 
flooding at the beginning of the year. (AP) 

A strike by pilots at Air Zimbabwe, the 
national airline, entered its third day Sunday, 
resulting in the cancellation of all interna- 
tional and some regional flights. (AFP) 

because of national and religious holidays: ‘ 

MONDAY : Australia , Ireland, Northern Ireland. • 

TUESDAY: An»i*. 

WEDNESDAY: Iran. Japan. Licchieitsiem. Main! 
Spain. Vatican City, Venezuela. 

THURSDAY: Israel, Mauriih», Tunixia. 
FRIDAY : Afghanistan. Azerbaijan. Iran, Iraq. Japan, 
Kyrgyzstan. Mexico. Namibia. South Africa, Syria. Tunisia! 

SATURDAY: Albania, Inm, Kazakstan. Puerto 


Sources: JP. Morgan. Reuters, Bloomberg, 



Porecasi for Tuesday through Thursday, as provided Dy AccuWeather. Asia 



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r'<* : 

Clinton Home, Tendon Reattached 

By Brian Knowlton 

_™*rnationaI HemU Tribune 

Tohelp prepare for his Helsinki visit, 

. Mr- Clinton will meet briefly Monday 

WASHINGTON n-u Russian foreign minister, Yev- 

left a tosmial S eni Primakov. 

Slightly ahead of sctedule^uIlJS?^! 1 ,,,^5 P 1 * 8 ^ 6 ” 1 now plans to leave 
h« ^remained inpJnSlnX Wellington late Wednwday, and meet 
aides said, and w deTay by a 2 ? ££ YeIts f °? ^nd Fri- 

meeung ui Helsinki with ^ ^ a S enda of *e meeting is not 

is Yeltsin of Russia. dent Bor- expected to be affected by the injury. 

“I feel flrw> tr^Ar.,, ” ... Mr. Clinton had been particularly eaEer 

“I feel fine today" a Mr. Clinton had been particularly eager 

Clinton said as he was i? £ e * to Helsinki, where be and Mr. 

White Housein a wheelchair hkriShtJ 6 X"^ 11 “* 10 ^uss Russian concerns 
elevated. He app^S^d^ Cg $° u i J* expansion of the 

Mr. ClintoTVemninS^r^ 1 fiL . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. 

Michad ^ keSman ’ °P^^ f ^^^S^ro 

covery an^a^re trfr ( f ma ^ re_ Mr. Clinton was to have visited Den- 
biliiym six to 12 ml!nths P ete m °" af ^f r ^ ^ ummit meeting, in the 

Mr nintim' j. first such visit by a U.S. president, but 

has bee^Sled^^tot the F JP has >*“ * ,a Y«< ““P July 
accident early Friday. SSbfJSft J^JS£rS^S±S , S 

IP 11 ® Nouscin a wheelchair, his right leg 

a PP eared n=laxS fiL 

f, ; Mr. Clinton remained on pain med- 
House sSFJZZ. 

expected to interfere with his work. 

. His surgeons predicted a normal re- 
covery and a return to complete mo- 
bility in six to 12 months. 

misstep on stairs outside the Florida 
home of the golfer Greg Norman. 

. The president, who abhors inactivity 
said after the accident that he didn’t 
want his schedule to be affected. But 
aides chose to cancel a meeting Monday 
Wim Prime Minister John Bruton of 
Ireland, who is in town to mark Sl 
P atrick’s Day. Mr. Bruton will meet 
instead with Vice President A1 Gore 



Doubts About Your Lover? 
Send Out a Fidelity Decoy 

For lovers with donbts. it’s just 
the thing. A California company 
will place temptation in your 
mate’s way, and then document just 
how sagely, or salaciously. he or 
she reacts. 

The company. Fidelity Informa- 
tion Recovery, was founded by an 
Orange County entrepreneur, Steve 
Cox, when he was struck by the 
abiding obsession of daytime talk 
shows with cheating lovers. 

For a onetimefee of $350, he will 
send an attractive “decoy" to test 
the client’s mate at his or her fa- 
vorite gym or bar. The decoy ap- 
proaches in high-flirtatious mode, 
then teases and vamps as a hidden 
microphone and camera capture the 
reaction. If the subject Mis for the 
bait, the decoy is under instructions 
to make an excuse and leave 
quickly, reports the Los Angeles 

Most of Mr. Cox’s clients are 
women, though a few men have 
hired him to test their girlfriends. 
For anyone who thinks differences 
between the sexes have beea ironed 
out by the lessons and enlighten- 
ments of die 1990s. think again, 
i Men almost always take the bait, 

1 Mr. Cox has found, and women 

“All the male decoys came back 
empty-handed," he said. “They 
were politely rebuffed.” 

Short Takes 

Fed up with graffiti but help- 
less to do anything? Don’t tell that 
. to Dan McGowan of Philadelphia. 
[■ A few years ago, he took brush in 
hand and painted over graffiti on a 
wall on his South Philadelphia 
street. He had to repeat the process 
a dozen times, and neighbors 
thought he was nuts, fighting a los- 
ing battle. But finally the vandals 
ave up. And now the pugnacious 

m IHCf*!' Y-i I ■ iNriTi CW dill r-'.'l-Tl ‘Mi 

ans Against Graffiti, which com- 
prises more than 100 neighborhood 

Its members have joined with 
city officials to educate community 
groups on how best to free their 
streets of wall-writing — and to 
j show them that the battle is about 
_ more than aesthetics. 

"Graffiti is used to mark gang 
territory,” Mr. McGowan said. 
“It's used to mark drug sales, 
places to buy drugs. ‘245 on a 
means two vials of crack for $5.’ 
Slowly, city neighborhoods have 
been reclaimed; pride has re- 
* turned. . . 

For all that the city owes Mr. 
McGowan, however, his wife is not 
entirely enthused. She had to 
- threaten to write graffiti on me 
walls of their home to get him to 
paint a hallway. 

Speaking of things old, the 
towering beehive hairdo is report- 
ed to be making a comeback in 
some urban areas. The big-hair 
thing can take anywhere from an 
hour to an afternoon in the beauty 
shop, adorned sometimes with 
bows, beads or colored extensions. 
It can make for stiff necks, doorway 
surprises and odd sleepmg posi- 
tions. But die look, as Je : Mmm 
Herald puts it. is hip and high i and 
has “so much volume you half ex- 
pect the hair to speak. 

International Herald Tribune. 

Hussein of Jordan was postponed in- 

Mr. Clinton was flown to Washing- 
ton and taken to the National Naval 
Medical Center, in Bethesda, Maryland. 
Surgeons there said the president had 
come through a relatively routine op- 
eration Friday in good shape. 

He tore part of the quadriceps tendon 
from the point where it meets the knee- 
cap; in a procedure thar lasted just over 

two hours, surgeons drilled boles into 
the bone to reattach the tendon. 

Hillary Rodham Clinton went 
through the White House on Saturday 
with a physical therapist to ensure that 
carpets were taped down and to move 

Mrs. Clinton, who was to have left 
Saturday for a two-week trip to sub- 
Saharan Africa, postponed her depar- 
ture to Sunday. 

Mr. Clinton, 50, will be hobbled for 
six to eight weeks, forced to wear a 
brace and use crutches. He will require 
physical therapy for months before re- 
turning to two of his favorite activities 
— golf and jogging. 

He remained in good spirits 
throughout his hospital stay, aides said, 
watching part of the NCAA basketball 
tournament on television. 

"I saw Greg Norman this morning,’ 
he said Saturday. "I told him my handi- 
cap is going up by the minute.” 

He was to have been the guest of 
honor Saturday at the annual Gridiron 
Dinner, a traditional night of good-hu- 
mored, often sharply targeted raillery 
sponsored by long-time Washington 

Instead, he tajped a speech. 

“Obviously I’m in no condition to do 
a stand up routine.” he said. “I feel my 

Another Milestone 
In Human Genetics 

The X Chromosome Is Mapped 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Reaching 
a significant goal in the pro- 
ject to explore the mysteries 
of human genes, biologists 
have completed a high-res- 
ohition map of the X chro- 
mosome, one of the pair that 
determines whether a baby is 
a boy or a girl. 

The map consists of a set of 
identifiable milestones at fre- 
quent intervals along the 
chromosome, which is a giant 
molecule of DNA some 160 
million chemical units in 

Genome Research Institute. 

The map, which took 10 
years to complete, is the work 
of 25 biologists at tbe Wash- 
ington University School of 
Medicine in Sl Louis. The 
team’s work, directed by Dr. 
David Schles singer, was re- 
ported Friday in the journal 
Genome Research. 

The X chromosome may to 
many people connote female- 
ness, since women have a pair 
of X chromosomes and men 
have an X and a Y. 

But it is of intense interest 
to geneticists because of a 


Although rough maps of reason that has to do with 
the X and other chromosomes males: the fact that many con- 


Mrs. Clinton wheeling the president into the White 
House on Sunday after his release from the hospital. 

have been made before, this is 
the first time that any chro- 
mosome has been mapped to 
the level of detail set by the 
Human Genome Project, a $3 
billion effort to describe tbe 
h uman genetic blueprint 
completely, said Dr. Eric 
Green of the National Human 

Lehman Bros . Set Up White House Visit, Chinese Says 

By Steven Mufcon exploring how receptive U.S. fi- 
Washington Pa« Smite nape ^markets would be to new 

debt offerings by Chinese compa- 

BEUTNG — A Chinese busi- nies and government agencies, 
ness executive who attended a “I didn't propose this meeting,” 
White House coffee for political he said of his white House visit on 
contributors hosted by President Feb. 6, 1996. “1 said again and 
Bill Clinton last year said bis visit again that Clinton was too busy. I 
had been arranged by Lehman had little to talk to him abouL” 
Brothers, the New York-based in- Mr. Wang’s account offers new 

vestment bank, which was com- insight into how be came to be 
peting with other U.S. companies invited to a White House coffee 
to do business with China. for political fund-raisers. After 

In an interview with The Wash- initial reports of Mr. Wang’s ai- 
ington Post, the executive, Wang tendance focused on his chair- 
Jun, who is the bead of China’s manshipofa company called Poly 
most politically connected finan - Group — the company under 
ciai and industrial conglomerate, scrutiny for possible illegal arms 
as well as a Chinese military- dealing — Mr. Clinton called tbe 
owned arms trading company un- meeting “clearly inappropriate.” 
der investigation for illegally But by Mr. Wang’s account. Ms 
smuggling assault rifles into the stop at the White House had noth- 
United States, said the main pur- mg to do with Poly Group. In- 
pose of his U.S. visit was not an stead, he said, it was an unplanned 
effort by the Chinese government interlude during a U.S. tour with 
to win influence in the United an entirelv capitalist purpose: to 
States. talk high finance with Wall Street 

Rather, Mr. Wang said, Lehman firms on behalf of the conglom- 
Brotbers invited him to die United crate he beads, China Intemation- 
S tales, and he was interested in al Trust and Investment Coip. 

The Democratic National 
Committee has said that Mr. 

debt offerings by Chinese compa- Wang's visit was arranged by 

nies and government agencies. 

he said of his\$hite House visit’ cm 
Feb. 6, 1996. “1 said again and 
again that Clinton was too busy. I 
had little to talk to him abouL” 

Mr. Wang ’s account offers new 
insight into how be came to be 
invited to a White House coffee 
for political fund-raisers. After 
initial reports of Mr. Wang's at- 
tendance focused on his chair- 
manship of a company called Poly 
Group — the company under 
scrutiny for possible illegal arms 
dealing — Mr. Clinton called the 
meeting “clearly inappropriate.” 

But by Mr. Wang’s account, Ms 

Charles Yah Lin Trie, a former 
Little Rock restaurateur and long- 
time friend of Mr. Clinton's who 
is one of the principals under scru- 
tiny in a Justice Department in- 
vestigation into questionable 
campaign contributions. 

The Justice Department has 
collected evidence that China 
tried to direct nearly $2 million in 
illegal campaign contributions to 
members of Congress and Clinton 
administration officials, U.S. gov- 
ernment officials said. 

Prime Minister Li Peng denied 
during a news conference Friday 
that China had sought to influence 
U.S. elections or funnel money to 

United States last year, but said 
the firm had played no role in 
arranging the White House visit 
During the U.S. trip, Mr. 
Wang's main contact at Lehman 
was Ernest Green, a managing 
director of its Washington office. 
Mr. Wang submitted a letter from 
Mr. Green when he applied for his 
U.S. visa, and Mr. Green con- 
tacted Lehman’s New York 

tbe Justice Department inquiry is 
focused on alleged attempts by 
China to win influence improp- 
erly with U.S. politicians, Mr. 
Wang's version of how he came to 
meet with Mr. Clinton appears to 
show an attempt by an influential 
fund-raiser ana Clinton friend to 
use his White House access on 
behalf of a potential business as- 
sociate who could help his firm 

headquarters to arrange meetings earn large sums of money. 

stop at the White House had noth- presidential or congressional can- 
ing to do with Poly Group. In- didates. Mr. Wang also denied 

stead, he said, it was an unplanned 
interlude during a U.S. tour with 
an entirelv capitalist purpose: to 
talk high finance with Wall Street 

suggestions that he or his com- 
pany tried to influence American 
politics or U.S. policy. 

A spokesman for Lehman 
Brothers confirmed that execu- 
tives of the company met with Mr. 
Wang during his visit to the 

there for Mr. Wang. 

The day after Mr. Wang's visit, 
Mr. Green contributed $50,000 to 
the Democratic National Com- 
mittee. Mr. Green has called tbe 
timing of the donation a coin- 
cidence and said it came from his 
own personal funds. 

Mr. Green is a major Demo- 
cratic Party fund-raiser and long- 
time friend of Mr. Clinton's and 
Mr. Trie's who has given differ- 
ing accounts of his relationship 
with Mr. Wang. 

Mr. Wang's account suggests a 
new wrinkle in the controversy 
over the use of the White House 
for fund-raising activities. While 

Lehman Brothers is competing 
against other U.S. investment 
b anks for new chunks of the un- 
derwriting business in China for 
debt and equity securities. 

In the interview last week. Mr. 
Wang called the flap over his 
White House visit a misunder- 
standing. "I have a long-standing 
belief that no matter who becomes 
tbe U.S. president, when faced 
with a country as big as China, he 
will maintain good relations even 
if it isn't consistent with his cam- 
paign slogans,” he said. 

Therefore, funneling money to 
either U.S. political party was un- 
necessary, he suggested. 

ditions caused by defective 
genes on the X chromosome, 
like hemophilia and color 
blindness, turn up only in 

The reason is that women 
can often compensate for a 
defective X chromosome 
gene if the counterpart gene 
on their second X chromo- 
some is in working order. 

Dr. David Nelson, an X- 
chromosome expert at the 
Baylor College of Medicine, 
described the map produced 
by Dr. Schlessinger’s team as 
a “tour de force.” 

To oar 
readers In 

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nil naur.ium Mfiniu 

Ex-Mexican Official Got 
Drug Money, Jury Decides 

U.S. Civil Action Cites $9 Million in Bribes 


By Sam Dillon 

' New York Times Service 

HOUSTON — Ending an extraordi- 
nary civil action in which American pros- 
ecutors virtually put the Mexican gov- 
ernment cm trial for narcotics corruption, 
a juiy has decided that most of tbe 59 
million confiscated from the former co- 
ordinator of Mexko's drug program had 
come from traffickers’ bribes. 

The verdict Saturday endorsed U.S. 
government assertions that Mexico's 
cocaine cartels paid millions of dollars 
to Mario Ruiz Massieu, who served as a 
deputy attorney general in 1993 and 

1994, to allow drug shipments to move 
north to the United States unimpeded. 

Mr. Ruiz Massieu has not been for- 
mally charged with drug crimes. But 
during the trial that unfolded here over 
the last week, he became the highest- 
ranking Mexican official ever publicly 
accused in court by tbe U.S. government 
of narcotics-related activities. 

TTiejuty decided to return to Mr. Ruiz 
Massieu $1.1 million of the $9 million 
confiscated by the United States in 

1995, apparently in response to testi- 
mony by Mr. Ruiz Massieu' s 84-year- 
old father that he had sold a Pacific coast 
beach bouse for that amount in 1992 and 
turned the cash over to his son. 

[Defense lawyers said they would 
appeal. The Associated Press reported. 
**We would have liked to have received, 
of course, all the money,” Tony 

Away From Politics 

• The police in San Bernardino, Cali- 
fornia were investigating how five 
cardboard boxes containing 30 human 
fetuses ended up in a field near a high- 
way. Investigators were focusing on the 
possibility the boxes came from an 
abortion clinic. (Reuters) 

■ The U.S. Border Patrol and New 
Mexico state policemen have an- 
nounced increased patrols along the 
Mexico-New Mexico border ai m ed at 
reducing illegal immigration and nar- 
cotics-trafficking. (Reuters) 

Canales said- "We did noL”j 

More than tbe amount of money was at 
stake. The six-day trial was important 
because of Mr. Ruiz Massieu’s prom- 
inence — he is a relative by marriage of 
tbe former President Carlos Salinas de 
Gortari — and because it unfolded at a 
time when other revelations about sweep- 
ing narcotics corruption in Mexico have 
upset relations with tbe United States. 

An army general who is one of Mr. 
Ruiz Massieu’s successors as drug co- 
ordinator was arrested last month for 
protecting cocaine smugglers. 

Mr. Ruiz Massieu’s case was traced 
to December 1993, when be opened an 
account at the Texas Commerce Bank 
here and sent an aide to Houston 24 
times in the next 15 months carrying 
duffel bags staffed with cash, even- 
tually depositing about $9 million. The 
fundLs were seized in March 1995 after 
the government ruled that they were 
probably drag proceeds. 

Although only one witness described 
a specific instance in which Mr. Ruiz 
Massieu accepted payments, the gov- 
ernment called former Mexican police 
officers and traffickers who testified in 
general terms about payoffs to Mexican 
officials by smuggling organizations. 

Since Mr. Ruiz Massieu’s arrest in 
Newark, New Jersey, he has been 
charged in Mexico with obstruction of 
justice and other crimes, but Mexico has 
lost four extradition attempts. Wash- 
ington is now seeking to deport him. 

• Following an annual spring rite 

more than two centuries old, swallows 
returned to the San Juan Capistrano 
Mission in California fives days ahead 
of the dale of traditional return, March 
19 — Sl Joseph's Day, but in time for 
the old Spanish mission to draw tourists 
over the weekend. (Reuters) 

• Drug arrests on major college cam- 

puses climbed by almost 18 percent in 
1995, according to die annual survey of 
campus crime by The Chronicle of 
Higher Education. Some college offi- 
cials attributed the rise to stricter en- 
forcement of drag laws. (NYT) 

Gingrich Hones a Political Art 

WASHINGTON — As the speaker of the House, Newt 
Gingrich, seeks to repair his damaged image in the wake of 
the House vote to punish him for breaking ethics rales, he 
has become adept at being visible without being exposed 

In the last two weeks, the Georgia Republican has 
opened news conferences and briefings wim statements 
and then quickly left to avoid questions. 

The most-asked — and most-ducked — question is 
when and how be plans to pay tbe $300,000 penalty the 
House levied on him for breaking die rules. The House 
resolution set no deadline for paymenL (WP) 

#%$*! No-No’s in the House 

.WASHINGTON — You're a %$*%&! House mem- 
bers love to talk and talk, but usually not in a blue streak. 
The very salutations lawmakers use — addressing their 
vilest enemy as the “gentle lady from Virginia” or "my 
friend, the distinguished gentleman from North Dakota” 
— are intended to ensure comity. 

But a report from the University of Pennsylvania paints 
a disheartening picture of the state ofpolite discourse in 
the House. Researchers have compiled a Vulgarity Index 
that counts die name calling and vulgarities uttered on the 
House floor. The amount of vulgarity ranged from 926 
dirty words blurted out on the House floor in tbe 101 st 
Congress ( 1 989 to 1 990) to a high of 1 ,076 no-no’s hurled 
in the 102d Congress (1991 to 1992). {NYT) 

A Secret Eisenhower Tape 

WASHINGTON — President Dwight Eisenhower used 
a secretly installed dictabelt machine to record his Oval 
Office conversations and, on one recording described one 
of his predecessors as somewhat of an “egomaniac." 

The discussion, on Jan. 7, 1955, with Senator Walter 
George, chairman of tbe Foreign Relations Committee, was 
arranged by Mr. Eisenhower to talk about congressional 
efforts to curb the president's treaty-making powers. 

Evidently recorded without Mr. George's knowledge, 
the conversation is sometimes difficult to make out, but 
Mr. Eisenhower can be heard clearly in tracing the sour 
mood about presidential authority to Franklin Roosevelt, 
whom Mr. Eisenhower described as "almost an ego- 
maniac in his beliefs.” The dictabelts of that and a few 
other meetings had gone unnoticed at tbe Eisenhower 
library in Abilene, Kansas, for 40 years. (WP ) 

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Hanoi Demands Beijing Stop Oil Drilling in Spratlys 



HANOI — Vietnam has called 
on China to stop drilling for oil 
close to the disputed Spratly Is- 
lands, and its Coast Guard has sent 
repeated warnings to Chinese ves- 
sels nearby, the official Vietnam 
News Agency said Sunday. 

In an unusual disclosure of ten- 
sion between the two Communist 
countries, the agency published 
extracts from a sternly worded let- 
ter lodged with the Chinese Em- 
bassy in Hanoi on March 10. - 

“The operation of the Chinese ings to accompanying vessels. 
oU rig has seriously violated Vi- cWm8 

etnam's sovereignty over its ex- 
clusive economic zone and con- erations,” it sai 
dnental shelf/' the letter said. 

“Vietnam demands the Chinese 
side stop die operation of the Kan 
Tan 3 oil rig and withdraw it from 
the exclusive zone and the con- 
tinental shelf of Vietnam/ ’ 

The agency said the oil rig, tug- 
boat and accompanying vessels 

moved on March 7 into a South 
China Sea area 64.5 nautical miles 
off Chan Nay Dong Cape, halfway 
down the Vietnamese coast. 'Hie 
area is close to the Spratly chain. 

China and Vietnam are among 
six regional claimants to the 
Spratlys, which are thought to 
have substantial oil reserves. 

The press agency said the For- 
eign Minis try arranged hasty meet- 
ings with Chinese officials after 
the rig started drilling and the 
Coast Guard made repeated warn- 

v But Chinese ships ignored the 
wa rnin g and kept on drilling op- 
it said. 

The protest brings a festering 
dispute between the two countries 
over maritime sovereignly out into 
the open after several years of 
careful maneuvering to settle the 
issue through peaceful negoti- 

Warships from the two countries 

clashed briefly in the Spratlys in 
the late 1980s. 

But after the two sides normal- 
ized relations in 1991, they set up 
working groups to thrash out com- 
peting land and sea border dis- 
putes, which include competing 
claims for the Paracel Islands ar- 
chipelago. The problem resurfaced 
last year when Hanoi granted an oil 
exploration and production con- 
tract near the Spratlys to the Amer- 
ican company Conoco Inc., a unit 
of Du Pont Co. 

A month later, China announced 
that it was expanding the area of 
sea under its jurisdiction by more 
than 2.5 million square kilometers 
(965,000 square miles), and said 
the move ensured that it abided by 
a United Nations convention on 
maritime law. 

Vietnam and China, although 
ideological allies, have a long his- 
tory of mutual suspicion. 

Hanoi issued a low-key reaction 

last month to the death of China’s 
paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping, 
who began a war to “teach Vi- 
etnam a lesson" for its 1978 in- 
vasion of Cambodia. 

That conflict set off a period of 
border hostilities lasting through 
much of the next decade. 

■ China Naval Visit to Manila 

Chinese Navy ships will visit the 
Philippines next week as the two 
countries try to strengthen rela- 
tions after a territorial dispute. The 
Associated Press reported Sunday 
from Manila, quoting Philippine 

A Chinese frigate, destroyer and 
escort ships will be in Manila from 
March 23 to 26 after visiting Thai- 
land and Malaysia, Chinese and 
Philippine officials said. 

The two countries have agreed 
to increase exchanges of visits by 
government and military officials 
following the easing of their 

dispute over the Spratlys Islands. 

I n 1995, Manila protested after 
China built concrete platforms on 
Mischief Reef, one of several areas 
in the Spratlys claimed by both 
Manila and Beijing. 

China said the platforms were 
shelters for fishermen, but the Ma- 
nila government protested, saying 
they could be used militarily. The 
platforms were never dismantled. 

Such incidents have caused oth- 
er claimants to harbor suspicions 
over Chinese intentions in the 

Strains over the incident at Mis- 
chief Reef eased somewhat when 
President Jiang Zemin of China 
paid a state visit to the Philippines 
last year. The Chinese defense 
minister, Chi Haotian, visited last 

Chinese Navy officers leading 
die 600 sailors in next week's visit 
are to meet with their Philippine 
counterparts, officials said. 

Room (kndMpaer Fmr4*s*r 

MALE BASTION CONQUERED — Classmates congratulating Cadet First Class Sheryl Jane Uy on 
Sunday after she and six other women became the first female Philippine Military Academy graduates. 

U.S. Calms Asians 
On Troop Levels 

100,000 Figure Likely to Hold 

By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — Seeking 
to calm countries in Asia and 
the Pacific alarmed at reports 
that the United States is re- 
viewing froop levels in the 
region, several U.S. officials 
have given assurances that 
the American military pres- 
ence will not be reduced. 

presence of U.S. forces in 
Asia is the indisputable 
cornerstone of the U.S.-Japan 

alliance ,** said Hiahik n 

Okazaki, a Japanese former 
diplomat who led a recent 
Tokyo meeting of American 
and Japanese specialists on 
the future of the allianc e. 

Chinese Rediscover Allure of Travel 

By Rone Tempest 

Los Angeles Tones 

XIAN, China — Li Yu came in a tour 
bus packed with friends and co-workers 
from northeastern China. Other buses 
parked outside the Wild Goose Pagoda 
here on a recent afternoon contained 
visitors from China’s far west, booming 
eastern coast and deep south. 

Except for a visiting reporter, there 
was not a foreigner in sight 
“Now that I have a chance to travel,” 
said Mr. Li, an oil worker from Hei- 
longjiang Province, “I would feel em- 
barrassed if I didn't come to the ancient 
capital of the Sui and Tang dynasties.” 

China's history and literature are full 
of travelers’ tales. The towering Wild 
Goose Pagoda was built in 652 to house 
the Buddhist scriptures of a traveling 
monk, Xuan Zang, who brought diem 
bade from a trip to India. The manuscripts 
later became the basis of the picaresque 
Chinese classic “Journey to lie West” 
Under decades of Communist rule, 
travel was severely restricted for most 
Chinese. During die early stages of the 
1966-76 Cultural Revolution, young Red 
Guards rode the Tails free, waving little 
red books from train windows and 
spreading the gospel of Maoism. But 
most Chinese still had to show written 
permission from their work unit before 
they could buy a ticket 

When the restrictions were eased in 
the early 1980s. few families had the 
money for leisure travel. But the past 
few years of rapid economic growth 
have been marked by an explosion of 
both domestic and overseas tourism 
from all parts of China. 

In 1996, 2.4 million Chinese traveled 
abroad at their own expense, mostly to 
Hong Kong and to neighboring Asian 
counties with large ethnic Chinese pop- 
ulations. but also increasingly to North 
America and Europe. 

But the biggest growth has been in 
domestic tourism. 

“For us, the domestic tourism business 
began to take off in about 1 992/ ' said Liu 
Xiaoling, 34, manager of the Xian Youth 
Travel Service here. “Before that time, 
we handled mostly foreigners.” 

Travel on domestic airlines is increas- 
ing by more than 20 percent a year, 
jumping from fewer than 20 million 
passengers in 1992 to more than 40 
million last year. 

According to the Beijing newspaper 
Financial News, revenue from domestic 
tourism totaled $19 million, almost 
double that gained from foreign tourists. 

China has about 5,000 tourist agen- 
cies. Traditionally frugal at home. 
Chinese spend freely when touring. 

Ms. Liu said: “There's a Chinese 
saying: ‘Impoverished at home, wealthy 
on the road.' ” 

In Beijing, the most popular tourist 
destination, travelers jam the lower- 
priced tourist hotels, peer into the tombs 
of the Ming emperors and stroll the 
ramparts of the Great Wall. In the far 
northern city of Harbin, once part of 
Russia, southerners who have seen 
snow only in pictures bundle up to view 
colorfully lighted ice sculptures. 

In Shanghai. Shenzhen and Guang- 
zhou, they flock to theme parks that 
often are tiny worlds in themselves, with 
miniature replicas of the Eiffel Tower or 
the Pyramids of Egypt 

Hoping to cash in on the tourist boom, 
the remote, mountainous province of 
Qinghai even offers package tours to the 
formerly top-secret 1 ‘Nuclear City” — 
in the grasslands 160 kilometers (100 
miles) from the provincial capital. Xin- 
ing — where the country's first atomic 
weapons were developed. 

Ms. Liu. who operates her business 
from a small Xian hotel, offers tours that 
include camel riding in Inner Mongolia, 
trips down the Yellow River and dune 
skiing in the Lake Sbahu region. 

Her most successful recent promo- 
tion, she said, urges middle-class 
couples to treat their parents to a trip to 
China’s historic landmarks. 

“We call it our Love and Filial Piety 
package,” she said. “So far we've sold 
5.000 packages. It’s so successful we 
can’t even handle all the business.” 

“Without that presence, the 
future of Asia and the strategic 
thinking of each nation in the 
They have said that despite region becomes very fluid.” 
e review of deployments in Many analysts maintain 

rhat w itho ut the s tabilizing 

presence of the U.S. military, 
there would be a widespread 
arms race in the Asia-Pacific 
region that would undermine 
economic growth and the 
confidence of business lead- 
ers and investors. 

Mr. Okazaki said that the 
Tokyo meeting concluded that 
an “un changing U.S. commit- 
ment to remaining in Asia is 
therefore as important a mes- 
sage to China and other Asian 
countries as it is to Japan.” 

Ted Warner, the assistant 
secretary of defease for 
strategy and requirements, 
said in Washington last week 
that it was possible the 
Pentagon’s review of Amer- 
ican forces would recom- 
mend cutting the number of 
troops in Asia or Europe. 

But, he added. “I think 
there are very strong reasons 
why staying at roughly those 
numbers will be advanced.” 

Jusuf Wanandi, chairman 
of the supervisory board of 
the Center for Strategic and 
International Studies in In- 
donesia. noted that the United 
States is “a Pacific power in 
its own right” with major 
economic as well as political 
and security interests in Asia. 
Washington, be said, is likely 
to maintain a military pres- 
ence in the region for the fore- 
seeable future. 

Following the reports 
quoting him. Admiral Prue- 
her noted that the Pentagon's 
review of force levels did not 
mean that troop levels would 
be trimmed in Asia. 

“In fact." he added, "my 



are strong reasons for i 
ing the forces at current levc 
of about 100,000 troops in 
each region. 

Asian officials said 
Sunday that the assurances, 
which woe conveyed 
through diplomatic channels 
as well as in public com- 
ments, had been widely wel- 
comed in the region. 

They said the new U.S. 
secretary of defense. William 
Cohen, was expected to re- 
iterate Washington's com- 
mitment to maintain about 
100,000 troops in Asia when 
he makes his first visit to Ja- 
pan and South Korea, prob- 
ably in April. 

Concern about possible 
troops cuts in Asia arose last 
month following reports that 
quoted Admiral Joseph Prue- 
her, commander of U.S. 
forces in the Pacific, as say- 
ing that the Quadrennial De- 
fense Review being conduc- 
ted by the Pentagon could 
lead to a reduction. 

He said that the review, to 
be sent to Congress by May 
15, was exploring ways of 
maintaining existing military 
capabilities with fewer troops 
as well as possible troop with- 
drawals if North and South 
Korea reconciled. 

In East Asia, U.S. troop 
levels are viewed by most 
countries as an important 
measure of Washington’s 
commitment to the security 
of the region. 

The American forces, most 
of which are based in Japan 
and South Korea, are re- 
garded as a key counter- 
weight to the emerging power 
of China and a deterrent to the 
rearmament of Japan with of- 
fensive weapons. 

The administration “must 
recognize that the permanent 

Burma EV Trade Status at Risk 

BRUSSELS — The European Union wUldMi^Wed^ 
nesday whether to strip Burma kboMafttoc 

sag hu 

that the move to expel Bmmtan 
the Generalized System of Preferences 
without discussion by ambassadors decision 

states, a European Commission source «£/«* 
then goes to EU foreign ministers for formal 3ppro al, 

M “Theonly problem could come 

has a policy of not linking trade 

source said. But British officials said London wouldnot 

oppose the move. ■ 

Indonesians Vow to End Feud 

JAKARTA — Two Indonesian tribes have agreed to - 
endrecent ethnic clashes in Kalimantan Baratin wmen iz 
people were reported killed, the official Antara news 
agency reported Sunday. 

The agency said community leaders of the native 
Dayak tnbe and migrants from Madura Island, off the 
principal island of Java, vowed Saturday to end their 
at a ceremony held at army headquarters m 
Pontianak, the provincial capital. 

“Community leaders from both parties agree that the 
c lash es have disturbed the unity and caused losses in 
property and life,” the agency said. 

Violence erupted in the province, on the Indonesian 
side of Borneo island, in late December. (Reuters) 

20,000 Poor March in Bangkok 

BANGKOK — About 20,000 poor Thais marched 
Sunday from a makeshift village outside Govern men t 
House to the capital's main public grounds, demanding 
justice for those left behind in the rash to development. 

The protest was organized by Assembly of the Poor, a 
coalition demanding government compensation for vic- 
tims of land disputes, industrial accidents and slum 
clearing for infrastructure projects. 

“We come here to ask for a solution to our problems/ 

speakers in trucks leading a first group of about 13,000 
said in Thai and the northeastern Lao dialect. About 
10.000 villagers, many pushed off their land to make way 
fra- hydroelectric projects and forestry reserves, have 
camped at Government House for almost 50 days. (AFP) 

For the Record 

Indonesia said foreign observers invited to monitor 
die country’s May 29 general elections would not be 
allowed to investigate or pass judgment, the Jakarta Post 
newspaper reported Saturday. (Reuters) 

Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif has banned 
lavish weddings far die next two years, saying they had 
become too extravagant in P akistan. But the ban is not 
backed by any law, and the Islamabad police com- 
missioner said he had no authority to break up a costly 
wedding. (AP) 

Four people were arrested last week for all 
killing a rare giantjjancia to sell its pelt. Beijing 

. y 



5 r, 








ALBANIA: EU Bars Troops 

Continued from Page 1 

neighbors are receiving most 
of the refugees fleeing from 
Albania, also appealed for 
significant Europsan inter- 
vention. even if troops were 
supplied only by a coalition of 
willing EU countries. 

But several EU countries 
warned against the risk of be- 
ing drawn into a conflict with 
no clear battle lines and of 
appearing to give military 
support to Mr. Berisha. 

In a vivid reply to Dutch 
arguments for armed interven- 
tion, EU officials said, Klans 
Kinkel, the Goman foreign 
minister, told Hans van 
Mkxio, the Dutch foreign min- 
ister, “You know best what 
happens when you send sol- 
diers without a clear man- 

He referred to the Dutch 
peacekeeping team that was 
driven out of the Bosnian 
town of Srbrenica by Bosnian 

opinion is that die strong Serb troops in July 1995 — an 
to the ouster that was to 

commitment we have 
Asia-Pacific region and its 
stability, as well as the need 
for a U.S. forward presence, 
are likely to be 

ISRAEL: Netanyahu fines Settlement Will Be Built 

EAT: Fatter and Fattest in New Orleans 

Continued from Page 1 

bloodshed if Israel went ahead 
with its plan to build Jewish hous- 
ing on the outskirts of Arab East 

The king and Mr. Netanyahu 
telephoned the Palestinian leader 
Yasser Arafat on Sunday in a bid 
to resolve the crisis in the peace 
process, but failed to end the stale- 
mate, toe Israeli leader said. 

Speaking at a joint press con- 
ference with King Hussein, Mr. 
Netanyahu reaffirmed that his 
government would go ahead with 
the construction of toe Jewish 
neighborhood despite appeals 
from toe Palestinian and Jordanian 
leaders and the West. 

But he also appealed to all sides 
to pursue the peace process. 

f ‘We have much to gain, all 
three of us, in moving the process 
forward and we cannot let our dis- 
agreements, which are as yet un- 
resolved, destroy toe process,” he 

Israel says work will begin 
Monday at toe 6300-unit project 
on a hilltop outside Arab East Je- 
rusalem known as Jabal Abu Gfr- 
neim in Arabic and Har Homa to 

Mr. Netanyahu says toe settle- 
ment reasserts an Israeli right to all 
of Jerusalem and insists that the 
Israeii-PLO peace deals do not bar 
the construction. Palestinians 
claim East Jerusalem, captured by 

Israel in 1967, as toe capital of a 
future state. 

Monday, the scheduled day of 
groundbreaking, is the day Mr. 
Netanyahu and Mr. Arafat had 
agreed to beging negotiations on 
the future of Jerusalem and other 
tough “final status" issues. 

I Reuters. AFP. AP) 

■ Israel Faring Isolation 

Barton Gettman of The Wash- 
ington Post reported earlier from 
Gaza City: 

The United States joined an In- 
emariona] forum Saturday in tacit 
backing of Palestinian grievances 
against Israel, a quietly dramatic 
sign of the Jewish state’s growing 
diplomatic isolation. 

Over strong Israeli objections, 
the U.S. consul general in Jeru- 
salem, Edward Abington. joined 
delegates from Russia, the Euro- 
pean Union. Japan, Norway, 
Egypt and Jordan at toe Gaza 
meeting. All toe delegates, includ- 
ing Mr. Abington, joined in cri- 
ticism of toe plan to build Jewish 
bousing at Har Homa. 

The meeting “reflected toe 
level of Palestinian frustration and 
toe feeling of powerlessness/' Mr. 
Abington said in an interview. 

But toe United States helped 
Fend off Mr. Arafat’s request for a 
“new mechanism” to pressure Is- 
rael and an Egyptian proposal for a 
joint statement criticizing Israel. 

The administration President 

Bill Clinton also cast a veto of a 
United Nations security council 
resolution condemning toe Har 
Homa project as “illegal.” but 
there appears to have been a subtle 
shift in its approach in recent days. 

A sense of looming violence 
hovered over the half-day gath- 
ering ax Mr. Arafat’s seaside 
headquarters and the Islamic Re- 
sistance Movement, Hamas, is- 
sued strong intimations that its 
dormant bus-bombing campaign 
might resume. 

Israeli and American sources 
disclosed that Mr. Netanyahu had 
rebuffed a direct appeal from Pres- 
ident Clinton to delay the Har 
Homa housing project. The appeal 
came in a letter delivered Thurs- 
day by the U.S. ambassador, Mar- 
tin Indyk. and toe sources said Mr. 
Netanyahu rejected it on the spot. 

Mr. Arafat, while styling Sat- 
urday's meeting a “conference to 
save the peace process.” has also 
interjected unmistakable notes of 
menace in the past week. 

On Monday he held a bridge- 
building meeting with four senior 
leaders of Hamas, whose military 
capabilities he has quashed ruth- 
lessly in the past year. Immedi- 
ately afterward he directed toe re- 
lease from a Gaza cell of Ibrahim 
Maqadmeh. a top figure of toe 
Hamas “military wing” that 
claimed responsibility for a series 
of suicide bombings that killed 
scores of Israelis last year. 

Continued from Page 1 

“But they could put cat food in 
there and it wouldn't matter." he said, 
“toe bread's so good. It’s not just 
something to eat, it's a pleasure to eat 
and there’s 1,000 of those places all 
over the city." 

His mind drifted down a river of red 
beans and rice, through rapids of 
gumbo. “Roast beef po boys, with 
gravy and mayonnaise.” he said. 
“When you eat it, it just runs down your 
arm. And when you go home to eat, you 
got the same sum. only it's better.” 

In the nearby Sl Thomas housing 
project, he said, stoves would be 
smoking with red beans and rice and 
macaroni and cheese. You do not have 
to have a lot of money, he said, to eat 
well here. 

But there is no excuse, none, said 
Mr. Hooter and others, for eating 
badly. At Guy’s Po Boys, on 
Magazine, the special was pork chop 
po boys. 

New Orleans was followed by Nor- 
folk. Virginia, (33.94 percent obesity, 
attributed to grits, biscuits and fried 
chicken): San Antonio, Texas. (32.96 
percent, enchiladas and chicken fried 
steak), and Kansas City, Missouri, 
(31.66. ribs). 

The health experts who conducted 
the study were careful to point out that 
the country as a whole is getting more 
obese, because Americans are eating 
more fat and exercising less. 

followed by 
the disappearance and pre- 
sumed murder of several 
thousand Muslims. 

Mr. Rifldnd underscored 
Britain's opposition to any 
military role for the EU. 
which London fears might 
undermine transatlantic de- 
fense ties in NATO. * ‘The EU 
as such has no defense role, 
no military role,” he said. 

Under the agreement, the 
EU advisers — who Mr. Ri- 

fkind said would number “in 
toe dozens, not toe hundreds’ ’ 
— should arrive in Albania 
this week, Mr. van Mierlo 
said. The EU’s Executive 
Commission will increase its 
monitoring team in Tirana to 
16 persons from 4. 

the ministers also offered 
to provide “substantial eco- 
nomic and financial assist- 
ance" once stability is re- 
stored. The EU is by far 4 
Albania's biggest donor. 

“The first thing we need to 
do is to provide assistance to 
toe Albanians to restore their 
structures so they can restore 
order and build peace," said 
Mr. van Mierlo, the current 
EU president. He called die 
plan a “very prudent, very ‘ 
sensible course of action.” 

Mr. Kinkel said Germany’s 
insistence on a political solu- 
tion, and on helping Albanians ' 
to help themselves, was in line • 
with toe position of the United . 
States. “We want to aid the 
Albanians, bur they have to 
make it possible,” be said. 

Mr. de Charette acknow- : 
I edged the limits of action, 
insisting that France was not =. 
proposing to impose order by ’ 
outside force. “We're not in a 1 
civil war,” he explained, 

‘ ‘it’s total anarchy.’ ’ 

But he did not try to con- ; 
ceal his frustration at toe fail- - 
ure to win support for more- ; 
robust intervention. “It's the 
European Union habit,” he - 
said with a sigh. 

But no other city could hold a spat- C HT rr • . __ 

ula to New Orleans (bread pudding. I AU J. MliiJ JL l UtllOniStS March 
pralines, beignets. cream sauces. 

smoked sausage, shrimp and cheese 
pies, fried chicken, fried fish, fried 
oysters, fried soft-shell crab, fried 
crawfish tails, onion rings and, per- 
haps toe greatest indulgence of them 
all. a “potato po boy" stuffed with 
french fries, gravy and mayonnaise). 

Anthony Uglesich. who owns 
Uglesich's. one of the city's best res- 
taurants for traditional New Orleans 
food, said his chefs were conscious of 
cutting fat where they could — they 
used iow-fat oils and egg substitutes 
like Egg Beaters — butne conceded 
that it was hard to cook great food. 
New Orleans style, with diet in mind. 

"Fried grits and shrimp.” Mr. 
Uglesich said. “Fried green tomatoes 
topped with shrimp and remoulade 
sauce. ’ ’ He was only quoting from toe 
menu, but he made his point 

Now and then, chefs in toe fancier 
restaurants talk of “low cal” New 

Continued from Page 1 

“This demonstration is a 
first. Social Europe is getting 
underway,” added Louis Vi- 
annet. leader of France's 
Communist-led CGT union. 

Mr. Nollet said: “I want to 
emphasizse the exceptional 
European nature of this 
demonstration. Workers have 
come to take part from all 
over Europe/' 

The vice president of the 
Belgian Socialist Party. Phil- 

gations from Spain, Portugal, » 
Germany, Luxembourg, the ■ 
Netherlands, Italy, Greece/’ 
Austria, Hungary. Slovenia ■ 
and the Czech Republic. \ 
Unemployment in the ’ 
European Union stands at 
10.8 percent of the work- 
force. (Reuters. AFP ) \ 

■ Business Code Sought 3 , 

The social affairs ministers 
Of the 15 European Union j 
member countries called | 

ippe Moureaux. called' for the conduct of 1 

Belgian government “to doum* busmcs ^ : 

Orleans food, but those pretensions 

are usually blown away by toe waiter’s ..... mjccis aiong ihe “n. 

New York came in roughly in toe query of. ‘ And will you be having the three-kilometer route linking . roasters called for a 1 
middle of the field at No. 1 8 (27.05, bread pudding souffle tonight?” the citv's northern and stntt£ COde of GQnduct which should ; 

block toe intergovernmental 
conference” to review the 
Maastricht treaty “so Europe 
can take measures against 
company delocalizations.” 

More than 500 police of- 
ficers and 1,000 gendarmes 
were on the streets along toe 


closures, Reuters' 
from Rotterdam. 

Their statement was issued' ' 
after an informal social affairs { 
ministers’ gathering over toe' j 
weekend in the Netherlands; ' 
which currently holds the EU : 

good Chinese, but many health clubs). 

Denver (22. lOobesity . bean sprouts) 
barely edged Minneapolis (22.63, fish 
caught through holes in the ice) as the 
least obese city in toe country. 

“People come here to indul 
Mr. Uglesich said of visitors 
Orleans, ft would be unfair to 
residents to abstain, people here 
Food is life, in New Orleans. 

ensure a period of consultation 
and information whenever 

city s northern and south- 
dulge. " em railroad stations. Unions 

to New said the march was attends — »«•««:*« a 

expect by thousands of workers from arS ■ dov ™’' i 

e^d. France, as well as by ££“,*5* M* i 





: /Z ~ m ■-? 2 \ 


'« Hm tk 

l /7 /r* .‘ 

EU Confirms 

:ey’s Right to Join, but Not Now 

ByTom Buerkie 

' wnaibHrf Herald Tribune- 

^ELDOORN. the Netherlands 
. European Union foreign min- 
wIS SOU ^ ht to reassure Turkey on 
fvjS a y ,hai ir had a future in the 

deSn yi " S ^ Were re 3dv to 
qeepen economic and political co- 

n a " d WCTe ,eavin fi the door 
EU mernbers hi P 

•LhuLh 9 ? r ery i ! n P orta,,t we es- 
a hne. a language, that is both 
/posit, ve and comprehensive." 
K de ^aretre. the French for- 
y gn mmtster. said aftera meeting of 
tu foreign ministers here Sunday 
cu membership was not on the table 
bxlay. he said, but “Turkey has the 
Oght to join the EU. and that right 
nas to be confirmed forcefully." 

; Swedes in a Rash, 

■ Warning the EU 
: About Euro Itch 

\ Agenct France-Presse 
i _ BRUSSELS — Europe’s 
| single currency could be a 
health hazard, Sweden will 
*■ ; "’“ni its EU partners Monday. 

At a meeting of European 

• Union finance ministers, 

| Sweden will call for the new 
. euro coins to be free of nickel, a 
; metal used in the manufacture 
, of coins in every EU state other 

■ than Sweden. 

Daniel Barr, a Swedish fi- 

• nance ministry official, said as 
; many as one in 10 people had 

• allergic reactions to coins with 
nickel content, often in the form 

■’ of the skin disease eczema. 

He dismissed suggestions 
! from other EU officials that the 

• allergy was exclusively 
; Swedish. 

The Swedes, who use a metal 
; compound known as noidic 
gold to replace nickel in their 
coins, are likely to face oppo- 
! sition Monday. Other EU stares 
} are concerned about the cost 
; implications of not being al- 
lowed to melt down existing 
; coins to be reminted as euros, 
i The ministers will also try to 
; resolve a row over whether the 
! 20-cent euro coin should have 
j seven sides. Germany in par- 
|; ticular is opposed to this, ar- 
|. suing that it will create prob- 
! lems'for vending machines. 

. Thj- closer lies could include giv- 
ing Turkey a seal ai a permanent 
European conference, which the 
ministers agreed should be begun 
next year, alongside the 10 countries 
Central and Eastern Europe and 
Cyprus, which have been promised 
eventual EU membership. 

"Hie agreement on the conference, 
which French officials have pro- 
posed for months but which min- 
isters discussed for the first time 
here, provided the clearest signal to 
date that the Union will mimic the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
and open membership negotiations 
with only a handful of the most- 
advanced Central European coun- 
tries next year. 

The conference “allows us to 
give those who aren’t in the first 
wave the feeling that they are not 
being ignored." said the German 
foreign minister. Klaus Kinkel. 

Mr. deCharerte, who proposed the 
conference, said it would bring to- 
gether leaders and foreign ministers 
of the Union and candidate countries 
at least once a year for talks on issues 
ranging from economic and political 
reform to combating international 
crime and drug trafficking. France 
and Britain support Turkey's inclu- 
sion in the conference, hut Mr. 
Kinkel and several other ministers 
were more ambivalent. 

The ministers’ overture to Ankara 
was aimed at hailing a recent de- 
terioration in EU-Turkish relations, 
which has threatened to interfere 
with the planned expansion of 
NATO and the Union into Central 
Europe. But those relations continue 
to be clouded by the attitude of 
Europe's own leaders, as well as 
Greece's continued refusal to lift its 

■The EU wants Turkey 
to remain on the track 
to Europe and not to 
be pushed into a 
siding/ but ‘it is clear 
that Turkey does not 
now fulfill conditions 
for membership/ 

veto oo 375 million Ecus ($417 mil- 
lion) of promised EU aid to Tur- 

Ankara was dismayed last month 
when Europe's Christian Democrat- 
ic leaders, including Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl of Germany and Prime 
Ministers Romano Prodi of Italy and 
Jose -Maria Aznar of Spain, ap- 
peared to rule out EU membership 

for Turkey because of the country’s 
overwhelmingly Muslim popula- 

Foreign Minister Tansu Ciller has 
threatened that Turkey, a NATO 
member, would block the alliance 
from offering membership to some 
Central European nations this sum- 
mer unless the Union accords it the 
same status of EU candidate as Po- 
land. Hungary and other former So- 
viet-bloc states. 

Mr. de Charette and Malcolm Rjf- 
kind. ihe British foreign minister, 
insisted that Turkey’s EU ambitions 
must be judged on the same ob- 
jective crireria as Central European 
states. “The EU is not a Christian 
club." said Abel Matutes. the Span- 
ish minister. 

The EU move followed strong 
lobbying from Washington, which 
has urged Europe not to close any 
doors to Turkey. 

"What's best is a clear signal that 
Turkey has a future relationship 
with Europe that goes beyond what 
it has today," said Carey 
Cavanaugh, a senior Stale Depart- 
ment official who has pressed 
Washington’s case in European cap- 
itals last week. 

Europe’s dilemma is felt most 
clearly in Germany. Boon recog- 
nizes Turkey’s strategic importance 
to the West and does not want a 

rebuff lo push it into deepening lies 
with Islamic countries, but the gov- 
ernment is sensitive about Ger- 
many's large Turkish minority pop- 
ulation and is wary of endorsing EU 
membership for Ankara. 

‘ ‘The EU wants Turkey to remain 
on the track to Europe and not to be 
pushed into a siding." Mr. Kinkel 
said. But. he added, “it is clear that 
Turkey does not now fulfill the con- 
ditions for membership." He and 
other ministers cited concerns about 
human rights and Turkey's handling 
of its Kurdish minority. 

In the short run, ministers stepped 
up pressure on Greece to drop its 
veto of EU aid to Turkey in time to 
allow a planned meeting between 
Mrs. Ciller and EU foreign ministers 
to take place April 29. 

Foreign Minister Theodoras Pan- 
galos rejected the idea here, reit- 
erating Greek demands that T urkev 
renounce any claims to Greek ter- 
ritory. The aid was promised as part 
of a customs union signed between 
the Union and Turkey in 1995, a 
tariff-lifting deal that has bolstered 
EU exports to Turkey sharply. 

Hans van Mierlo, the Dutch min- 
ister who chaired the meeting, also 
called on Turkey to make further 
progress on human rights and show 
flexibility toward a political settle- 
ment on Cyprus. 

Scramble Starts in Dublin for President’s Job 

By James F. Clarity 

New B >rl fiwh-j irrrn e 

DUBLIN — President Mary 
Robinson's decision not io seek a 
second seven-year term has thrown 
Irish politics inro turmoil. 

Politicians, who are facing a na- 
tional parliamentary- election this 
year, are now wondering anxiously 
whom they should back in a pres- 
idential election. also to be held this 
year, possibly on the same da\ . 

Mrs. Robinson. 52. who in 1990 
became the first woman elected 
president in the 74-year history of 
the Irish Republic, said Wednesday 
that she would not seek another term 
and indicated, in response to re- 
porters’ questions, that she would 
like being considered for the post of 
United Nations High Commissioner 
for Human Rights. 

. While her announcement did no: 
come as a complete surprise, it has 
created a new urgency among na- 
tional political leaders. Including 

Prime Minister John Bruton, to start 
looking for a successor. The prin- 
cipal question is whether the can- 
didare for what is largely a cere- 
monial post should be a person not 
directly involved in Irish Republic 
polities who could run virtually un- 
opposed. or whether there should be 
competing candidates from Mr. 
Bruton's Fine Gael party, and from 
the largest opposition party. Fianna 
Fail, headed by Bertie Ahem. 

The nation's largest bookmaker. 
Paddy Power, has already estab- 
lished John Hume, the prominent 
moderate Roman Catholic leader in 
Northern Ireland, as a 4-1 favorite. 
.Also mentioned, by politicians and 
analysts is another northerner. 
Seamus Heaney, the poet who was 
awarded the Nobel Prize for liter- 
ature ir. 1995. 

.Although both men were bom in 
the British province, they are eli- 
gible to become president under Ir- 
ish law. 

Neither Mr. Hume nor Mr. 


v ^ r " 

Heaney has commented. Aides to 
Mr. Bruton noted, however, that he 
was likely to meet Mr. Hume on 
Monday — St. Patrick’s Day — and 
that the presidency would be a likely 
topic of conversation. 

If no prominent outsider comes 
forward, the political parties will 
chose from among their own mem- 
bers. It will be up to Mr. Bruton to 
decide whether to bold the parlia- 
mentary and presidential elections 
on the RflTne day. m November, or 
whether to hold the parliamentary 
election first. 

Before the presidential vacancy 
became certain. Mr. Bruton was be- 
lieved to favor holding the parlia- 
mentary election in June. But if he 
had a strong Fine Gael presidential 
candidate to bead the ticket, he 
might decide to hold both elections 
on the same day. 

Political analysts and politicians 
say thar Fine Gael is short of strong 
presidential candidates. Former 
Prime Minister Garret FitzGerald is 

not believed to be interested. Peter 
Sutherland, a former Fine Gael at- 
torney general and former Irish 
commissioner at the European Uni- 
on and bead of GATT, the former 
international trade organization, has 
not commented on his availability. 

Banna Fail has several possible 
candidates. Former Prime Minister 
Albert Reynolds, who gained wide 
popularity for his peace efforts in 
Northern Ireland, has indicated he 
would like the job. but he has many 
enemies in his own party. David An- 
drews, a former foreign minister, is 
expected to announce his candidacy. 

Both parties have prominent wo- 
men who might run. Fianna Fail has 
a former justice minister. Maine 
Geoghegan-Quinn, and Mary' 
O’Rourke, her party’s expert on un- 
employment and education. Fine 
Gael has the present justice minister. 
Nora Owen, and a longshot. Frances 
Fitzgerald, a member of Parliament 
and former head of the National 
Women's Council. 

•. .V ••.J*-’--.. 

" " «v' r-' ' ” 

French Try 4 in a Desecration 

MARSEILLE — Four French neo-Nazis are to go on 
trial Monday for a 1990 anti-Semitic outrage in a grave- 
yard that caused nationwide revulsion and prompted a 
protest march by hundreds of thousands of people, led by 
the president at the lime, Francois Mitterrand. 

Yannick Gamier. Patrick Laonegro. Bertrand Nouveau 
and Olivier Fimbry are accused of unearthing the body of 
Felix Germon in a Jewish cemetery in Carpentras, placing 
graveyard emblems on his corpse and simulating a sod- 
omization on him with a beach umbrella. 

They each face two years in prison if convicted- They 
were arrested in July when Mr. Gamier, a former skin- 
head. gave himself up to the police. He identified the 
others. (Reuters I 

Farm Ministers to Fight E U 

BRUSSELS — European Union farm ministers are 
expected to fight a proposal Monday making it com- 
pulsory to state the origin of beef, even though the move 
is aimed at reassuring consumers after the health scare 
over "mad cow" disease. 

Pressure to improve food safety rose last week after a 
European Commission report revealed widespread fail- 
ures among EU member stales to detect and eradicate the 
fatal, brain-wasting disease known as bovine spongiform 


But EU diplomats said the ministers wereangiy that the 
commission yielded last month to European Parliament 
demands that it be given a say on EU cattle identification 
and beef labeling systems. (Reuters) 

Swiss Bank to Pay Off Family 

ZURICH — One of Switzerland's biggest banks said 
Sunday that it had offered to compensate a Czech family 
of Holocaust survivors whose Swiss bank account was 
mysteriously closed in 1941 without their approval. 

Union Bank of Switzerland said that its review of the 
account closing, unearthed by a Swiss newspaper, could 
not determine what happened to the money, but that it was 
ready to offer compensation as a gesture of goodwill. 

The case highlights a dispute over Jewish groups’ 
claims that Swiss bulks are sitting on billions of dollars in 
wealth seized from victims of the Holocaust. (Reuters) 

Major to Accept Blair Challenge 

LONDON — Prime Minister John Major will accept a 
challenge from the Labour Party leader, Tony Blair, for a 
series of televised debates, his allies said Sunday. 

Labour welcomed the move, hut smaller parties, in- 
cluding the third-placed Liberal Democrats, said they 
would fight any plan that shuts them out. (Reuters) 

The EU This Week: 

International Herald Tribune 

Significant events in the European Union this week: 

• Finance ministers meet in Brussels on Monday ‘o 
discuss European Commission proposals for minimum 
energy taxes. The meeting will provide the first litmus test 
of support for the plan, which was drawn up after pro- 
posals for a carbon dioxide tax died last year, but which 
has already drawn criticism from Britain. 

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than Thai’s renowned Royal Orchid 
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- - - ----- ^ 


MONDAY, MARCH 17, 1997 





A More Confident America in a Changed World 

Upgrading the Dow 

The Dow Jones Industrial Average 
is the barometer by which many Amer- 
icans measure good or bad times. Al- 
though only aficionados know how the 
stock index is constructed or what its 
ups and downs mean, people take it to 
be a measure of overall stock per- 
formance and — on the dubious as- 
sumption that what happens on Wall 
Street is intimately tied to what hap- 
pens on Main Street — economic per- 
formance. if the Dow rises, times are 
deemed good. If it falls, run for cover. 

This week the overseers of the Dow, 
the editors of The Wall Street Journal, 
make a change that could signal better 
times ahead. They are dropping four 
laggard stocks from the Dow average, 
and replacing them with potentially 
stellar performers. 

The Dow is a difficult-to-explain 
average of the share prices of 30 Amer- 
ican companies with “blue chip” 
names, like Boeing and Coca-Cola, 
that signify success. 

Created more than 100 years ago. 
the index was originally intended to 
capture the movement of important 
industrial stocks. It no longer does 
so. An average of only 30 stocks does 
not capture movement in the share 
prices of thousands of publicly traded 

Also, an index limited to huge, 
largely successful companies reflects a 
sliver of the economy. 

Yet the Dow retains its popularity in 

No to Ramos-Horta 

The Indonesian businessman Moch- 
tar Riady. founder of a $5 billion busi- 
ness empire that contributed to the 
Democratic National Committee, met 
personally with President Bill Clinton 
twice. His son James Riady had six 
meetings with the president, some of 
which included policy discussions 
about Indonesia. 

But the president, regrettably, had 
no time to meet with a Nobel Peace 
Prize winner from Indonesian-occu- 
pied East Timor who recently visited 
the United States for two weeks. 

Jose Ramos-Horta is an exile from 
East Timor, the island Indonesia in- 
vaded in 1975 and has suffocated ever 
since. He shared the 1996 Nobel Prize 
with the Timorese Bishop Carlos Xi- 
menes Belo, a conciliatory spokesman 
for his people at home. 

The firebrand Ramos-Horta. who 
helped found a Timor revolutionary 
group in the 1970s. travels widely to 

promote the Timorese cause. Among 
other things, he wants Washington to 
send an envoy to mediate the conflict. 
He would also like Washington to 
characterize Indonesia's occupation of 
East Timor as reversible. 

Representative Patrick Kennedy of 
Rhode Island tried to arrange meetings 
for Mr. Ramos-Horta with President 
Clinton. Vice President AI Gore and 
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. 
They were all too busy. Mr. Kennedy's 
staff" was told. 

Mr. Ramos-Horta did get to make 
his pitch to Assistant Secretary of State 
John Shattuck. who is in charge of 
human rights. 

The White House was obviously not 
eager to offer hospitality to someone 
who would offend the Indonesian gov- 
ernment. Mr. Ramos-Horta 's shabby 
treatment shows that the White House 
can vet guests when it wants to. 


Look Into Cloning 

An astonishing amount of nonsense 
has been talked about the prospects of 
human cloning since Dolly the sheep 
burst on the generic scene late last 
month. Discussions of cloning facto- 
ries, transplant farms and other ghastly 
scenarios have assumed that a society 
that permits making a genetic copy of 
someone or something will automat- 
ically be willing to go ahead and cre- 
ate virtual human robots with no rights 
of any kind. Other scenarios ignore 
that a cloned embryo would still have 
to be carried to term in a womb like a 
normal pregnancy, not hatched in as- 
sembly line jars like an Aldous Hux- 
ley-style factory. 

Echoing the panic, several states and 
at least one member of Congress have 
rushed to introduce bills banning the 
cloning of a human, as Britain and 
several other nations already do. 

Sorting out fact from fiction in the 

g anic is one task of the National 
iioethics Advisory Panel convened by 
President Bill Clinton. Other hearings 
have sprouted, clone-like, around town 
and in Congress; Dolly's actual cloner. 
the Scottish scientist Ian WilmuL has 
addressed a Senate subcommittee and 
the National Institutes of Health. 

Mr. Clinton convened the bioethics 
group last month when the news be- 
came public, asking them to evaluate 
laws already on the books regarding 
cloning research and to weigh what 
types of research should and should 
not go forward. 

He offered an opening position, call- 
ing fora 90-day moratorium on federal 
funding of human cloning research and 
requesting a similar voluntary mora- 
torium by private researchers — who. 
partly because of federal funding bans 
on related subjects like fetal tissue and 
human embryo research, do most of the 
work in this field. 

The president urged humility and 
reverence, saying that human life is 

sacred and we should “resist the 
temptation to replicate ourselves.” A 
raft of religious leaders have echoed 
that message in testimony to the 
bioethics advisory panel. But the is- 
sues before the. panel, or other bodies 
that might regulate cloning, are not 
metaphysical but practical. 

The question, in light of Mr. 
Wilmut’s breakthrough, is no longer 
whether cloning is possible or whether 
someday we will have to face the pos- 
sibility of knowing how to do it 
Clearly, someday, somebody will 
know. And since regulation of human 
reproduction can go only so far. at 
some point someone, somewhere, may 
clone a human being. 

But that is no reason foreveiyone else 
to abandon all efforts at line-drawing or 
to assume thar cloning is so new and 
bizarre that logic and traditional moral 
distinctions cannot be brought to bear. 

Harold Varmus. director of the Na- 
tional Institutes of Health, broke what 
had been an uninterrupted parade of 
predictions of doomsday by pointing 
out that there might actually be types 
of human suffering that cloning could 
alleviate — even, in certain circum- 
stances, that cloning might be the best 
way to alleviate — and that over- 
reaction to the scarier aspects of clon- 
ing could needlessly block a full un- 
derstanding of the possibilities as well 
as the dangers. 

Since then, others as disparate as 
Senator Tom Harkin, Democrat of 
Iowa, and Cardinal John O'Connor 
have urged the distinction between a 
premature and ill-advised ban on re- 
search and a later, more considered ban 
or regulation on the procedures that 
research may ultimately turn up. They 
are right. Even if the dangers of cloning 
prove overwhelming, open-eyed cau~ 
lion is a better defense against them 
than determined ignorance. 

— the Washington post. 

L ONDON — When Boris Yeltsin 
meets Bill Clinton in Helsinki on 

part because of its storied histoiy and 
because, despite its skewed makeup, 
its movements have not deviated 
wildly from broader market averages. 

The index is periodically upgraded 
to reflect changes in the nation's eco- 
nomy. Toward that end, the Dow this 
Monday adds companies in the emerg- 
ing sectors of computers, finance and 
health care and drops some in waning 
sectors like oil and steel. 

Specifically, the Dow adds Johnson 
& Johnson, Travelers Group. Hewlett- 
Packard and Wal-Mart, and drops 
Westinghouse. Woolworth, Bethle- 
hem Steel and Texaco. 

It is no accident that the stock 
prices of the dropouts have done re- 
latively poorly in recent years, while 
the prices of the entrants have risen 
handsomely. Of course, the editors are 
not all-knowing. Some of the compa- 
nies previously dropped have done 
well, like Chrysler. 

There is one group that might not 
relish a Dow jiggered to better track 
fast-growing companies. Financial ad- 
visers earn their living by convincing 
clients that they can pick stocks that 
“beat” the Dow. But if the Dow rises 
faster, the stock pickers will have to get 
smarter to fulfill their boast They 
would no doubt prefer a Dow loaded 
with corporate dogs, the better to con- 
vince some gullible investors that they 
have outsmarted the market 



»iiH nv iiba ram ra ■ 



KATHARINE P. DARROW, 17iy Chairman 

RICHARD McCLEAN. Publisher £ Chief Executive 
MICHAEL GETLER. Executive Editor 

• WALTER WELLS. Managing Editor • PAUL HORVriZ. Deputy Managing Editor 
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JL/ meets Bill Clinton in Helsinki on 
Wednesday, he will also be meeting an 
America more confident about the 
world than it has been for years past 
The collapse of communism is at last 
starting to change the dotted lines of 
global power. The post-Cold War re- 
fationship between Europe and Amer- 
ica is becoming healthily dearer. 

Between them, these two things 
mean brighter skies in the first decades 
of the 21st century. 

That is a bold thing to say after the 
frustrations and bickerings of the past 
few years. There are three grounds for 
thinking that it is nevertheless correct. 

Item one. It seems pretty clear that 
NATO will begin its expansion this 
summer without doing any lasting dam- 
age to its relations with Russia. 

This will baffle the assorted ex-dip- 
lomats, academics and other gloom- 
sters of the Old Brigade, who have been 
arguing against NATO enlargement be- 
cause their minds are stuck in the Cold 
War and they can therefore see NATO 
as nothing but an enemy of Russia. (Old 
men forget? If only they would.) Yet 
reconcile itself to a bigger NATO Rus- 
sia almost certainly will, for one bleak 
reason and a second, happier one. 

The bleak reason, to put it bluntly, is 
that Russia has no choice. If it is to 
rebuild its shattered economy, it has to 
stay on good terms with the West It 
needs investment from America and 
Western Europe. It requires their bless- 
ing for the continuation of help from 
the international providers of money. 

And it cannot afford the rearmament 
that a serious new quarrel with the West 

By Brian Beedham 

would mean, because that would bust its 
budget and the resulting inflation would 
destroy its hope of economic revival. 

By the time this argument for staying 
friendly with tbe West ceases to apply, 
another argument will be emerging to 
Russia's east, in the shape of the rising 
new Chinese superpower. A richer 
China with a global foreign policy and 
a modem military armory, now a vir- 
tual certainty by the 2020s or the 2030s, 
will be a bigger danger to Russia with 
its underpopulated Siberian hinter- 
lands than to almost anybody else, and 
Russia knows it One way and another, 
Russia needs to hold on to the West. 

Item two in the list of causes for 
America’s new cheerfulness is the in- 
creasingly obvious fact that a bigger 
NATO is not aimed at Russia, but at the 
quite different dangers of the post Cold 

War world. Russia is being given the 
means of seeing this for itself. 

means of seeing this for itself. 

If it takes up the offer of a permanent 
observer at NATO headquarters, its 
observer will soon grasp that the new 
Atlantic alliance is not pointing its nu- 
clear weapons and rapid deployment 
soldiers to the east NATO is looking 
worriedly in a different direction, to the 
south and the southeast of Europe. 

It is wondering how to stop another 
Saddam Hussein from making another 
grab at the oil of the Gulf, how to 
control the passions of Islamic reviv- 
alists in Algeria and Egypt and Iran and 
Saudi Arabia, bow to bring a steadying 
band to the turmoil in Central Asia, 
how to prevent a bloody disintegration 

of much of Africa. This is thepost-CoId 
War agenda of the new NATO. 

It is radical stuff, and it holds out a 
radically new prospect 

The NATO that is trying to get to 
grips with these problems is not just 
another temporary, one-purpose get- 
together of Americans and Europeans. 
It was a one-purpose operation that 
beat the kaiser in 1918, another that de- 
stroyed Hitler in 1 945, and another that 
brought about the collapse, of com- 
munism half a dozen years ago. 

Now, at long last, we have tbe mak- 
ings of a permanent alliance of die 
Western democracies, a standing army 
ready to deal with any of die crises that 
they may face in Western Asia and 
Northern Africa in the coming century. 

Around the milrtary core provided by 
NATO will be a network of other con- 
nections. There wili be the special re- 
lationship with Russia (in which Rus- 
sia's right to watch NATO should be 
matched by NATO's right to keep an 
eye on Russia's foreign policy). There 
viill be Partnerships for Peace with other 
countries east of NATO. There will be 
tbe sometimes useful Organization for 
Security and Cooperation in Europe. 

Add these up and you have a demo- 
cracy-supervised system of security 
stretching all the way to Vladivostok. 

And tbe new system will not be, as 
tbe 20th century’s trans- Atlantic al- 
liances were, just a means of bringing 
America to Europe’s rescue. Now 
Europeans may be prepared to fight 
alongside Americans, as they did in the 
Gulf, for joint Euro-American pur- 
poses. Here is the second reason for 
America's new self-confidence. 

And item three? It is starting to dawn i 
on Americans thai they are for the time j 
being — ■ meaning perhaps for the nest j ■ 
20 or 30 years — the sole possessbes of j- 
a new kind of military power. _ i- i 
T he information revolution, applied j - 
to warfare, is changing the face of, 
battle. The movement of armies cam 
now be seen. by. eyes in space long) 
before tiie armies reach the front. It . 
may soon be possible to detect in- J 
divi dual targets — even small groups.', 
of men sidling among tbe trees_~ ' 
through darkness, fog or smoke. High’; 
explosives can be precisely aimedau, 
such targets from far away. J 

It looks like a new sort of war, and so > 
Car only America seems likely to pos- J 
sess all the means of waging it. ' « 

This alters, among other things, the j 
way Europe looks at America. AsZbtg - , 
niew Brzezinski said at last month's! 
meeting of the Center for Strategic and J 
International Studies in Brussels, i 
America is delighted to have Europe | 
take a larger part ra the work of the new 
NATO, but the most decisive part of j . 
NATO’s new military clout will be in j 
America’s bands. ’ 

The Europe of today has neither the j 
money nor, it seems, the desire to du - 1 
plicate America’s military revolution. In , 1 
the years ahead. Europe will have good i 
cause to hold tight to America when the J 
guns begin to foe. . 

Small wonder that Americans sound 1 
chirpier about the world. As one of tbeml- 
has put it, the bridge built across the > 
Atlantic 50 years ago reached halfway, 
intn Europe. Now is tbe time when k 
can be extended the rest of the way. 

International Herald Tribune. 

The Bosnian Peace Is Decaying, So Dayton Wasn’t Enough 

than a year after the U.S. 

VY than a year after tbe U.S. 
diplomatic triumph at Dayton, 
tiie peace process in Bosnia is 
disintegrating fast. The gush of 
official optimism that followed 
die initialing of the Dayton ac- 
cord 16 months ago has been 
replaced by virtual silence. 

The new secretaries of state 
and defense have barely men- 
tioned Bosnia — except to say 
that U.S. troops will be out on 
schedule, by June 1998. 

The Clinton administration, 
so Defense Secretary William 
Cohen put it. will not be swayed 
by humanitarian concerns. If The 
three warring parties “go back 
to slaughtering each other* * that 
is '‘going to be up to them." 

The Dayton accord stopped 
the Bosnian war. It also held out 
hopes that the unhappy land 
would be helped by the inter- 
national community to start the 
process of reconstruction. The 
prevailing view was that the 

By Dusko Doder 

restoration of economic and so- 
cial stability would facilitate a 
lasting political settlement. 

This was a misbegotten as- 
sumption. Despite an interna- 
tional aid effort, Bosnia today 
remains in tatters, its industries 
idle and more than half its pop- 
ulation unemployed. In the ab- 
sence of a political settlement, 
the three communities have 
been unable to agree even to 
restore the telephone system 
and share a single international 
dialing code. Psychologically 
and practically, all sides are pre- 
paring for more war. 

The reason for this is rooted 
in Dayton. At its core is a fun- 
damental contradiction. The ac- 
cord could be interpreted as 
providing for a unitary Bosnia 
with a central government and 
institutions. . But at the same 
time it recognizes two distinct 
political entities with effective 

sovereignty and exclusive polit- 
ical authority on their respect- 
ive territories. 

A second glaring Dayton 
shortcoming turned tbe predator 
Serbian and Croatian govern- 
ments, which bad earlier plotted 
a division of Bosnia and fin- 
anced die Bosnian war, into the 
guarantors of the agreemenu 

What is required in the cur- 
rent situation is for the United 
States and its European allies to 
offer an affirmative political 
program to the three Bosnian 

We have to begin by rec- 
ognizing tbe flaws of Dayton. 
While it is obvious that Bosnia 
is unlikely to become a unitary 
state for a long time, the three 
ethnic para-states should be 
nudged into a confederal ar- 
rangement with extensive home 
rule but without the sovereign 
powers they now possess (three 

different currencies, just to give 
one example). Given tune and 
support, they could eventually 
evolve into a federal state. 

At the same time, the United 
States and the international 
community should make it 
abundantly clear to the dictators 
in Belgrade and Zagreb that 
their territorial appetites will 
not be gratified. 

Not only that. Croatia must 
be forced to relinquish its direct 
control over the Croat-held sec- 
tion of Bosnia. Serbia's Slobo- 
dan Milosevic, who more than 
any other man is responsible for 
tbe Yugoslav tragedy, must be 
forced to stop financing the 
Bosnian Serb army. And the 
Muslim nationalists led by Alija 
Izetbegovic must know that 
they will not gain control over 
all of Bosnia. 

There is no quick fix in the 
Balkans. But a political settle- 
ment would open the space for 
civil societies to develop and 

gradually restore their capacity ; 
to work together. They man- ' 
aged to do so during Tito's time, i 
TTiey can do so again. j 

This will not happen without j 
a decisive outside intervention, ] 
though. Here is an opportunity j 
for the new secretary of stare to j 
revive the Dayton process wldi ! 
new energy and imagination/ ^ 
The process needs' hands-tinv 1 
management; we should re- , 
member that Dayton was made 
possible to a large extent by the 
relentless drive of a single 
American diplomat who -was 
given the authority to achieve 

an end to fighting in Bosnia. ' 
A new U.S. effort of this kit 

A new U.S. effort of this kind 
would help stabilize the polit- 
ical climate in Bosnia and re- 
duce the need for a large U.S. 
military presence. 

The writer, a senior fellow at 
the U S. Institute for Peace, j 
contributed this comment :to i 
The Washington Post. 

Change the Subject With Yeltsin to Helping Russia Reform 

joke on the phone from 

VY joke on the phone from 
Moscow has two guys in the 
front seal of a speeding car. One 
shouts "Turn the wheel! We’re 
going to crash!” and the other 
says “I can't.” “But there’s a 
stone wall ahead — turn now ! ’ ‘ 
“Can’t.” “Why aot?” “Be- 
cause you have the wheel.” 

Boris Yeltsin has the wheel 
and is shouting at others to turn 
Russia's economy from dis- 
aster. He is six months late and 
$10 billion short in payments of 
wages to teachers, the police 
and the military'. Unions plan an 
all-Russia general strike at the 
end of the month. 

To show the world who is 
back on the job and in charge, 
Mr. Yeltsin put on a display of 
activity last week, firing every- 
body in sight except his passive 

By William S afire 

prime minister, and the only 
reason that political zombie es- 
caped is that Mr. Yelisin 
doesn't want the Communist- 
dominated Parliament to have 
its say in picking a successor. 

The man brought back 
through the Kremlin revolving 
door is Anatoli Chubais, whom 
Mr. Yeltsin kicked out in the 
last shuffle. He is the former 
reformer who privatized much 
of Russia's assets by putting 
them in the corrupt hands of the 
old apparatchiks, the Russian 
mafia and the “seven brothers” 
oligarchy that runs the banking 
and media industries. 

Mr. Chubais has some of the 
qualities of America's Jim Ba- 
ker: considered shrewdly ma- 
nipulative by insiders, and re- 

jected as an unprincipled cold 
fish by voters. He is smart 
enough to know that further flir- 
tation with the weakening Com- 
munists or the would-be Man 
on Horseback Lebed will not 
bring in Western capital to re- 
vivify the economy. 

Where do Mr. Yeltsin and 
Mr. Chubais mm. now that they 
have given the illusion of hav- 
ing cleaned house, to find hon- 
est officials who know what 
they are doing — and. more 
important who know what to 
do to get Russia out of its rut? 

The answer democratic re- 
formers. Not the shock therap- 
ists who have no following, but 
the “new blood” in Yabloko. 
the only serious non-Commu- 
nist party, which has 8 percent 

Help Russia Join the Real World 

Boris Yeltsin lands in 

VV Boris Yeltsin lands in 
Helsinki on Wednesday, the 
story of the summit should be 
whether he and Bill Clinton are 
taking steps to correct Russia's 
continuing maladjustment to es- 
sential post-Cold War realities. 

Russia's self-isolating resis- 
tance to NATO enlargement is 
by far the most obvious ex- 
ample of thar maladjustment. 

At the July NATO summit. 
Poland. Hungary, the Czech 
Republic and possibly others 
will be invited to join the At- 
lantic alliance. For its Western 
proponents, this enlargement 
will Jock in the positive changes 
that have transformed these 
three Central European states, 
encourage others in the region 
to follow suit, anchor the United 
States firmly in Europe and 
demonstrate that the West's 
core institutions still have rel- 
evance and vitality for post- 
Cold War Europe. 

But for the Russian foreign 
policy community. NATO en- 
largement. to quote Boris 
Yeltsin, “is aimed at pushing 
Russia out of Europe.” 

Mr. Clinton hopes to defuse 
these tensions at Helsinki by 
making progress on the basic 
elements of" a NATO-Russian 
charter that could be signed 
during or before this summer's 
meetings in Madrid. 

But if grudging Russian ac- 
ceptance of NATO enlargement 

By Sherman Garnett 

The first of two articles. 

may be at hand, there are few 
signs that Russia has adjusted to 
the more important reality of its 
own weakness. 

There is no quick fix to the 
imbalance between Russia’s in- 
flated ambitions and its dimin- 
ished capabilities. The Russian 
economy is still shrinking. A 
mixture of stagnant reforms, 
corruption and governmental 
breakdown is depriving the 
country of its long-anticipated 
return to economic growth. 

Russia will not be able to af- 
ford an ambitious foreign policy 
for some time, even when a sig- 
nificant turnaround is at hand. 
The army is a shambles, and it 
will be a decade or more before 
Russia reconstitutes a credible 
military force. 

Russia’s foreign policy insti- 
tutions are divided and lack cen- 
tral coordination. New initiat- 
ives and personnel shuffles are 
announced with alarming reg- 
ularity. but they have done little 
to restore credibility or coher- 

The most serious weakness is 
an intellectual one. Russia's 
foreign policy community can- 
not match its exalted aims with 
existing means. This commu- 
nity was raised on czarist and 
Soviet legacies that placed Rus- 
sia among die great powers and 
made it the dominant player on 
the Eurasian landmass. 

Many of Moscow's key for- 
eign policy challenges are 
presented by countries that 
were until recently republics of 
the Soviet Union or its satel- 
lites. It is not surprising, there- 
fore. that Russia has fashioned a 
foreign policy consensus that 
insists, in Foreign Minister 
Yevgeni Primakov’s words, 
that Russia must be “a great 
power right now’ ’ — a status it 
enjoys on the basis of its “co- 
lossal potential.” 

of the Duma seats and is build- 
ing a national political orga- 

Bui Mr. Chubais, 41, has a 
problem with Yabloko: Its lead- 
er, Grigori Yavlinsky. 44. is his 
rival. “I love Gnsha,” Mr. 
Chubais told me last year, “but 
he's impossible.” 

How does Mr. Chubais, back 
in power for the time being as 
first deputy prime minister, 
bring in the good guys to help 
without the “impossible” chief 
good guy? Divide and conquer. 
Last week, he offered five of the 
Yabloko leaders — but not Mr. 
Yavlinsky — key domestic min- 
istries, from economic-financial 
to social policy and privatiza- 
tion. These were all men who 
pointedly refused to vote for Mr. 
Yeltsin in the last election. 

But the reformers did not 
splinter. Acting as a unit, with a 
suddenly friendly television 
media giving Mr. Yavlinsky 
time to express his support on 
prime time, the chosen handful 
from Yabloko stuck together 
and published a set of condi- 
tions for coalition. 

The plan: Force all govern- 
ment officials to reveal income 
and property holdings; cut the 
bureaucratic apparat of the pres- 
ident: make monopolies like 
Gazprom, railways and arms 

manufacturers pay taxes; pro- 
pose laws to attract foreigners to 
develop natural resources. 

Mr. Yavlinsky’s demand. - ^* I 
“human rights, private prop- 1 
erty. competition, payment of 
debts to the people. ’ 

Will Mr. Chubais swallow ail 
this reformist good sense and 
sell it to Mr. Yeltsin7 Not if he 
can avoid it. But if the tide of 
resentment keeps rising, and the 
alternative is Alexander Le- 
bed, he may be inclined to do 
the right thing for the country. 

Strange things can happen. 
Who would have imagined, 
three months ago, a Russian- 
American summit with a frisky 
Russian president and the U.S. 
leader on crutches, literally aha 

Bill Clinton, who has dot 
been weak-kneed on NATO en- x 
largement. should stop apoio- ^ I 
gizing for protecting Polahd : 
and start bringing in the Baltic 
states. He should stop making 
concessions on NATO troop 
positioning and change the sub- 
ject to how America would re- 
spond positively to a Yeltsin 
coalition with Yabloko’s de- 
mocratic reformers. Sure, it’s a 
long shot. But in this world of 
topsy-turvy political fortunes, 
what’s a summit for? 

The New York Timex. ' 



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tost .1 

1897: Borgia Galleries 

That potential explains Rus- 
sia's illusory vision of deep 

ence to Russian foreign policy. 
The overriding problem for 

The overriding problem for 
Russia is not who is running the 
show’, but the contraction of 
srate power and the weakness of 
the basic institutions that must 
manage il Mr. Yeltsin's pro- 
longed absence exacerbated, 
but did not create, this muddle. 

sia's illusory vision of deep 
political, economic and security 
integration between the states 
of the former U.S.S.R. Leading 
Russian policymakers and ana- 
lysts believe that Russia must 
reassert its historical domi- 
nance over these states in order 
to catapult Russia back onto the 
world stage and to protect its 
vital interests. 

ROME — The famous Borgia 
galleries have been inaugurated 
after their restoration. The in- 
vitations were given viva voce . 
as the Pope wished to give the 
ceremony a most exclusive 
character. The six galleries 
(decorated by the artist Pintur- 
iccio) were inaugurated one 
after the other in each a throne 
had been prepared for the Sov- 
ereign Pontiff, who listened 
with the deepest interest, to the 
history of the famous frescoes. 
A piquant feature in the dec- 
orations is that all the person- 
ages represented were historical 
figures contemporary with Pin- 
turiccio. Among them is the 
beautiful Lucretia Borgia depic- 
ted as a Saint: Saint Catherine! 

the Orient under the assumed 
name of Juliet Shelby in tjfe 
liner Wilhelmina. seeking to 
forget the slaying of Capiat** 
William Desmond Taylor, the™ 
film director, whose murder 
shocked the film colony of U5s 
Angeles and to whom Mi3s 
Mmter wrote ardent love not£s. 


The writer is a senior as- 
sociate at the Carnegie Endow- 
ment for International Peace. 
He contributed this comment to 
The Washington Post. 

1922: Film Tragedy 

Mary Miles Minter, the dimin- 
utive film star, sailed to-day for 

1947: Gandhi Is Upset 

PATNA, India — Close asso- 
ciates said today [March tTJtfci 
Gandhi may resort to a fast to the 
death in a supreme effort to e|d 
India s communal violence. Tat 
Mahatma — who is normagy 
calm and self-composed evrii 
under the most disturbing cqi- 
ditions and who repeatedly ht& 
maintained that loss of self-co^- 
Tro! w as a sign of weakness S- 
was visibly upset after inspe& 
mg some of the worst scenes# 
destruction in Bihar. He said S 
'would prefer not to live to 
Jhc day when non-violence wS 
thus beaten.” 

• i 





Would You Rather Be More Right? 

By William Safire 

W ASHINGTON — “It is wrong ” 
1 J Wrote ,n medium dudgeon (as 
W oK ‘° dudgeon, in which I 
would have written “It is morally cor- 

“ \dudgen or dudgeon is an 
archaic word fora wood-handled dag- 

SSiI I ^, ,l 2 od /- k 2? vv * how h came to 

I?*® 11 . afit . of indignation.” with its 
[H^fj‘* at,on T 111 J 57 -3) and what kind of 
tangent. am I off on? Begin again. 

It is wrong to use tax-exempt 
money to support political activity “ 
wrote the moralizing vituperator. “It is 
wronger for a lawyer paid bv the 
people to use the claim of ‘executive 

“'Say it ain’t so!” writes Kenneth 
faimer of Kannapolis. North Carolina 

Our search of the American Heritage 
Dictionary failed to turn up such"a 
word. . . . One of us is wrong." 

The question is: Should it be more 
wrong or wronger? In his “Syntactic 
Phenomena of English,*’ which I cany 
around in my pocket. Professor James 
McCawley of the University of Chica- 
go department of linguistics, writes 
that comparatives are formed with 
“long adjectives and adverbs gener- 
ally demanding more and short ones 
demanding -er. subject to some ex- 
ceptions such as more right and more 
wrong that are preferred to tighter and 
wronger" Robert Burchfield’s edition 
of Fowler's Modem English Usage 

Gee. Even E. Ward Gilman, editor 
of Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of 
English Usage, who is no prescript- 
ivist, holds that “although such writers 
as George Bernard Shaw used wronger. 
it is an infrequent use of the com- 
parative of wrong.’’ He has on file a 
New York Times headline from 1987 
— “Longer and Wronger ” — but that 
was apparently chosen because of the 

The Oxford English Dictionary of- 
fers me no succor, the only use of 
wronger is as a noun, “one who 
wrongs another.” its first use in 1449 
as “Defenders agens wrvngers and 
diffamers of the . . . wicldd world," 
now a self-description of White House 
Associate Counsel Lanny Davis. 

I could claim that more wrong, to my 
ear. is not as strong a comparative as 
wronger, but as Richard Nixon never 
said, that would be wronger. I erred, 
Mr. Palmer, and would now rather be 
more right lhan president 


Hardly anybody says “I can't stand 
him" anymore. Nor do we hear “She 
makes my skin crawl” or “I despise 
him with every fiber of my being.” 
Instead, the same feeling is expressed 
in the coolly clinical “We have a dys- 
functional relationship.” 

When Mom Kallikak the pseud- 
onymous goes off on a toot and Pop 
tries to get his clutches on the cleaning 
lady, and as Junior blames parental 
neglect and sibling ribaldry for his 

drug-cultural descent, molested Sis 
sells the story to a publisher as “the 
saga of a dysfunctional family.*’ 

The prefix dys- is always trad news. 
After Greek, Gothic. Old English. 
Indo-European, Sanskrit, any root you 
like — a dys- is "bad, difficult, im- 
paired," the opposite of the prefix eu-. 
which always provides a nice day. 
Doctors picked up dys- in 1916 and 
married it to function and then so- 
ciologists and psychologists glommed 
on to it in a big way. 

The dysfunctional family was a coin- 
age of the psychiatric social worker 
Virginia M. Satir in her book “Con- 
joint Family Therapy" t.1964). It be- 
came such a clichf that when Wendy 
Kaminer wanted to parody Thomas A. 
Harris' book “I'm O.K.. You're 
O.K.“ { 1967) she titled her book “I’m 
Dysfunctional. You’re Dysfunctional" 

Politics was next. John Broder. in- 
vestigating the archaic modernization 
at the Internal Revenue Service, used 
the vogue word to describe many of the 
agency’s computers. 

And on NBC's "Meet the Press" 
last month. District of Columbia May- 
or Marion Barry wedded the econ- 
omist's 1932 structural unemployment 
to the dysfunctional family to come up 
with the reason D.C. government does 
not work: it is “ structurally dysfunc- 

As Berr Lance might now say, "If it 
ain't dysfunctional, don’t fix it” 

New York Times Service 


COUNTRY: People and Places in 
American Music 

By Nicholas Dawidoff. 37] pages. $25. 

Reviewed by Jonathan Yardley 

N ICHOLAS Dawidoff. whose “Hie 
Catcher Was a Spy" is an excellent 
account of the strange, fascinating life of 
Moe Berg, has turned his attention to 
another strange, fascinating American 
phenomenon: the musical form, or 
forms, that for want of a more accurate 
.. term we lump together under the rubric 
t of “country." 

This music, Dawidoff correctly be- 
lieves, “is a piece of our social history 
[that] describes in its songs the expe- 
riences of people who weren't often writ- 
ten up in the newspapers. " In writing this 
book, be aimed “to visit with some of the 
finest living American country musi- 
: dans’* and “to go to some of die places 
where great country music comes 

Any such book is bound to contain 
lacunae. The biggest in "In the Country 
of Country” is called “Willie Nelson." 
This dominant figure of post- 1 960 coun- 
try music flits in and out of Dawidoff s 
chronicle yet is never addressed directly, 
an oversight that doubtless will strike 
many other readers just as it strikes me: as 
both inexplicable and indefensible. Ditto 
for the near-omission of Waylon Jen- 
nings: die glancing treatment of Loretta 
Lynn. Charley Pride and Ray Charles; 
and the failure to address in an absolutely 
central way country's absolutely central 
man. Hank Williams. Obviously every 
writer must make his choices, and many 
y of Dawidoff s are intelligent and ima- 
ginative: but these lacunae are large. 

Still, as what it is rather than what we 
might wish it to be, “In the Country of 
Country" has much to offer. Perhaps its 

strongest point is Dawidoff s under- 
standing dial country music is not "of 
pure white. Southern, rural origins" but 
is “a hybrid form conflating many ex- 
tant styles of popular and religious mu- 
sic," die most important being those — 
the blues, spirituals — arising from Af- 
rican-American life. Jimmie Rodgers 
and Hank Williams sang the blues. Bob 
Wills played jazz and so. too, does Merle 
Haggard. Country is really less country 
than American, which is why the 
temptation to put quotation marks 
around it is powerful. 

As Emraylou Harris told Dawidoff. 
“Country music could only have 
happened in America. Country music is 
the product of so many separate cultures 
of people coming together that the sep- 
arate disappears and we're creating 
something else." This is a second im~ 
portant aspect of country music that 
Dawidoff keenly appreciates: it is a mu- 
sic constantly in a state of revision and 
transformation, absorbing new influ- 
ences, throwing off or minimizing old 
ones. Not merely is country not “pure 
white," it is also not pure country. 

Despite the claims of various mu- 
sicians and promoters, there is no such 
thing as "real" country; the roots of 
country are far less visible than are those 
of jazz, and its development is even 
more difficult to chan. 

Like many who have wrinen about 
country music, Dawidoff chooses to loc- 
ate its beginnings in the brief, mythical 
career of Jimmie Rodgers, the "Singing 
Brakeman" whose raunchy blues and 
plaintive yodels gave musical expres- 
sion to Americans whose voices had not 
been heard in the national culture. There 
isn't much to argue with in this, but 
country music as we know it toda> is a 
long way from Rodgers and owes con- 
siderably less to him than it does to Hank 
Williams, who made the honky-tonk to 
country music what the bordello and 

then the nightclub already were to jazz: 
the rough place out of which emerged 
such astonishing music. 

Dawidoff spends a Jot of time talking 
with people, musicians and mere listen- 
ers who heard Rodgers in person or on 
recordings, but comparatively little talk- 
ing with those who have memories of 
Williams. What makes this doubly odd 
is that George Jones, whom Dawidoff 
admires with all due extravagance, is 
Williams's linear heir and successor, the 
man who carried the honky-tonk torch 
handed down by W illiams and Lefty 
Frizzell and then passed it along to a 
younger generation that — as Jones h i m - 
self knows better than anyone — 
scarcely knows what to do with iL 

D AWIDOFF is also an admirer of the 
great Californian exponent of die 
honky-tonk tradition. Buck Owens, 
whose debt not merely to Williams but 
io the honky-tonks is self-evident 
“They were places to go for the people 
to get out of the cold or the heat' ' Owens 
told Dawidoff. “It was women, if you 
were a man. and it was whiskey. Some 
only forget when they drank. Some 
could only remember when they 

All of which is the raw material out of 
which country music is fashioned; its 
subjects, as Dawidoff writes, “are both 
quotidian and universal: faith, love, fam- 
ily. work, heartbreak, pleasure, sin, joy 
and suffering." These, it will be pointed 
out are also the themes of the blues, of 
jazz — and of Bach. Beethoven and 
Brahms. There aren’t that many great 
themes to go around, so each art form 
treats them in its own way. Country 
happens to include a certain amount of 
down-home dissipation and a certain 
amount of twang. 

Jonathan Yardley is on the staff ofThe 
Washington Post. 


Central Europeans Hold Their Breath 

U.S. Wooing of Russia Will Weaken Them, NATO Hopefuls Fret 

By William Drozdiak 

Washington Poji Service 

BERLIN — As President Bill Clinton 
prepares to discuss NATO expansion 
with President Boris Yeltsin of Russia, 
senior officials from Poland and other 
Central European stales say they are 
fearful their own security interests could 
be jeopardized by the quest for com- 
promise between Washington and Mos- 

“The smell of Yalta is always with 
us," said Andrzej Karkoszka, Poland's 
deputy defense minister, referring to the 
meeting after World War II when the 
anti-Nazi powers divided Europe into 
rival spheres of influence that lasted half 
a century. 

With Poland, Hungary and the Czech 
Republic anxiously awaiting invitations 
to join the North Atlantic Treaty Or- 
ganization this summer, the United 
States and its partners are striving to 
soften Russia's antagonism by offering 
a permanent consultative link with 
NATO and limits on the deployment of 
allied troops and nuclear weapons near 
its border. 

The Central European candidates say 
they endorse NATO’s attempt to build a 
more cooperative relationship with the 
Russians, bur they are still worried that 
the ultimate price will be a reduced 
security status that would constitute a 
kind of second-class membership in the 

“We fully understand the sensitivity 
of the West not to humiliate a wounded 
and defeated Russia," said the Polish 
foreign minister, Dariusz Rosati. “But 
what we do not understand is this curi- 
ous willingness to accommodate un- 
justified desires on the Russian side. ’’ 

Mr. Rosati said Poland was partic- 
ularly alarmed by the prospect that 
NATO and Russia could reach agree- 
ment on the creation of a consultative 
forum that could take effect as early as 

this year, even though the new members 
would have to complete entry nego- 
tiations and await ratification by NATO 
parliaments. Tire process is expected to 
last until 1999. at least 

Mr. Rosati and other government of- 
ficials in Central Europe said that the 
hiatus would give Moscow an oppor- 
tunity to obstruct or postpone their in- 
corporation into the alliance by invok- 
ing its rights to consultation at every 

Although NATO insists that Russia 
will have only a voice and not a veto, the 
Centra) Europeans fear that Moscow 
could quickly tie the alliance’s bureau- 
cracy in knots. 

Mr. Karkoszka, the deputy defense 
minister, said Poland was comfortable 
with NATO’s recent declarations that it 
anticipates no need — now or in the 
future — to deploy nuclear weapons or 
large numbers of foreign troops on the 
territory of new members. 

But he said that Poland or any other 
new member could not tolerate Russia's 
further demand that the West must 
avoid moving any military equipment or 
infrastructure to the east that would en- 
hance the fighting capability of former 
Warsaw Pact members. 

Mr. Karkoszka said the establishment 
of modern command headquarters, air 
bases and air defense systems that 
match NATO standards and allow 
aimed forces of new members to op- 
erate and communicate within the al- 
liance's integrated military command 
was indispensable to maintaining the 
equal security for all member states that 
NATO is pledged to uphold. 

“We do not need heavy deployments 
of foreign troops," Mr. Karkoszka said. 
“A few hundred soldiers to help run 
command headquarters would be 
enough, if only because it is psycho- 
logically important. But we must have 
NAT&qiiality infrastructure because 
that is absolutely necessary under Ar- 

ticle Five." That article, a key clause in 
the alliance's founding treaty, commits 
NATO states to treat an attack on one 
member as an attack against them all. 

These anxieties were backed by a 
former U.S. secretary of stare. Henry 
Kissinger, and a former national se- 
curity adviser, Zbigniew Brzezinski, 
who led a conference here on the re- 
gion's geopolitical destiny that was 
sponsored by the Center for Strategic 
and International Studies and the Aspen 

“The boundary between accommo- 
dation and appeasement is a very fine 
line,” Mr. Brzezinski said. “There are 
good reasons to be worried by NATO 
negotiating over the heads of others 
about Russia's concerns." 

Mr. Kissinger asked: “Whoever 
heard of a miii tary alliance begging with 
a weakened adversary?' 1 

■ New Concession for Moscow 

In a significant concession to Russian 
concerns about NATO expansion, the 
alliance has declared that it has no in- 
tention of adding to its ground combat 
strength. The New York Times repeated 
from Paris . 

“This offers a positive and, we hope, 
acceptable olive branch.” a NATO of- 
ficial in Brussels said Friday. 

Expansion, its advocates say, has the 
goal of creating an atmosphere of se- 
curity and stability in a part of Europe 
where fear and ethnic tension have often 
led to war. Greater stability in Central 
Europe, the advocates say. should re- 
assure Moscow, not threaten it. 

But President Yeltsin and Prime Min- 
ister Victor Chernomyrdin of Russia 
contend that NATO expansion would be 
humiliating and play into the hands of 
the nationalist opposition at home, and 
Moscow has been trying to squeeze ss 
many concessions out of the Atlantic 
alliance as it can before bowing to the 


BALLOONING MOVEMENT — French doctors holding balloons aloft with drawings of the caduceus 
demonstrating with other hospital workers in Paris on Sunday against planned budget reductions. 


By Alan Truscott 

T HERE were four nail-bit- 
ingly close finishes in the 
. Vanderbilt Knockout Team 
Championships recently, at 
the American Contract 
Bridge League's Spring Na- 
tionals. In one of them. 
' Richard Schwartz of East 
y Elmhurst. Queens, held on to 
win by 3 imps against Gerald 
S osier of Purchase. New 
, York, and his team. 

Bob Goldman of Highland 
Villages, Texas, playing for 
the Schwartz team, hrought 
home a difficult three no- 
trump on the diagramed deal. 

West led the diamond queen, 
the suit his partner had bid, and 
East could not afford to over- 
take. The queen was allowed 
to win, and West shifted to a 
.spade. South captured the ten 
with the queen and finessed 
the club queen successfully, 
collecting a diamond from 

South needed to build up a 
heart trick, and reasoned that 
East must hold the A-Q of 
hearts to justify his vulner- 
able overcall at the two-level. 
He led a low heart from 
d umm y, planning to play the 
jack, but East won with the 
queen and led the diamond 
ten. South won with the jack. 

and led a club to the ace. on 
w'hich East gave up another 
diamond. Now the heart king 
was led, and after taking the 
ace East drove out the dia- 
mond ace. But now Goldman 
had the ending he wanted. He 
cashed the bean jack and led 
his last diamond, forcing East 
to lead from the spade jack at 
the finish into dummy’s A-K- 
9 combination. 

Malting three no-trump, for 
600, gained 3 imps for Gold- 
man and his teammates, ex- 
actly the margin by which they 
won the match. In the replay 
East-West played two dia- 
monds doubled, and escaped 
for down two, a loss of 500. 


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28 And SO On 
SB Historical 

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auto go 

ss latte 

40 Go 

44 intuit 

45 Hankering 
•u Castle's 

47 Chefs 

measure: Abbr 
so Something to 
go to a bakery 

Solution to Puzzle of March 14 


1 Pre-entree dish 
-e Sit in the sun 
IO Cory home 

14 Reflection 
is Opposing 

. is Go 


17 The "IT of 
/ U.S.N A. 

IB "Forever" 

‘ii ‘Get going!" 

20 Go 

‘23 Withdraw from 
the Union 
as Those going 80. 

.. say 


92 Wash, neighbor 
S3 Delivered a 

58 Comments to 
the audience 
co Go 

82 Milky-white gem 

83 Sacred 
Egyptian bird 

«4 War story, 

Greek -style 
■8 Chant at a 
fraternity party 
89 Swiss painter 

70 The brainy 

71 George 

72 Arid 

7* Cousin of a 
Golden Globe 


1 Transgression 

2 Doc's org. 

3 Restroom, 

4 Wide-open 

5 Deceive 

e Fa teogod 
7 Black cattle 

i Treeless plain 
o Mouth, to Ralph 
io One always on 

the go 

11 Cell forth 

12 Cutoff 

is Lock of hair 
»i 'Take your 
hands off mt! * 

22 Instruct 

23 Pre-Ayatollah 

24 Host 

28 Sir Arthur 


20 Saturn, for one 
31 Mag workers 
34 Pigpen 

30 Order between 
ready and fire 
37 Result of a bank 

33 Distress signal 

so Park, Colo. 

41 'Go get it 

«2 Jitterbug's 

43 First dig ital 
4B Arab leaders 
40 Little rock 
81 bruit 

53 Kind erf ID 

54 Wisconsin 

as Story, in Franca 
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57 Lass rocust 
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SI Words Ot 

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06 Simile's middle 

as Salaam 

Europe and Asia, Too: ‘They All Do It 

By Craig R. Whitney 

New York Times Sendee 

PARIS — The American system of 
regulating campaign and party finances, 
to plagiarize Winston Churchill, is 
probably the worst of any big industrial 
democracy’s, except for all the others. 

Nothing the Democratic Party ever 
dreamed of doing in the 1996 campaign 
seems to have come close to the things 
virtually every party in Italy, Japan and 
France was doing for years before the 
late 1980s, when people finally said 
they'd had enough and demanded 
change, much as Americans did after 

The repercussions are still being felt 
in Italy, where the parties that ran gov- 
ernments for 50 years were so com- 
pletely discredited that they collapsed, 
and in Japan, where the dominant party 
is staggering. In France, the widespread 
corruption of mainstream parries is one 
reason for the rise of the far-right Na- 
tional Front. 

Money and political power are in- 
evitably attracted to each other, and 
until recently Europeans seemed more 
willing than Americans to accept this 
idea cynically. But this is changing. 

As American voters have become 
more blast? about events like the current 
scandals in Washington. Europeans 
have been moving closer to the Amer- 
ican sense that laws and regulations are 
needed to keep things from going out of 

In fact, any idea being suggested in 
America for regulating spending and 
donations has probably already been 
tried in Europe, where campaigns don’t 
cost anywhere near as much. The sur- 
prise is that money still seems to corrupt 
politics even more here than it does in 
die United States. 

One problem is that the spirit behind 
such laws is as important as the letter. 
What’s wrong, the weekly Moscow 
News asked last week, with President 
Bill Clinton inviting big donors to spend 
a night in the Lincoln bedroom at 
Democratic Party expense, compared to 
the hunting expeditions, sauna parties 
and flights on Kremlin planes dial Pres- 
ident Boris Yeltsin treats his supporters 
to at the Russian taxpayers’ expense? 
“There is a receipt, a bill, a memo. 

after every step you take in the United 
States," the newspaper's New York 
correspondent, Dmitri Radishevsld, re- 
ported. “The Americans don’t tempt 
other people by trusting in their moral 
fiber. Even in the White House, evety 
coffee cup with a donor is put down in a 

Not so in Russia, where candidates in 
last year's presidential elections could 
legally spend no more than the ruble 
equivalent of $2,887,500. Mr. Yeltsin's 
campaign reported spending 
$2,884 .357. but two top campaign con- 
sultants were caught trying to take a 
cardboard box with £500,000 in cash 
out of the Russian government 
headquarters. So few really believe the 
official disclosures. 

Cynicism, the worst enemy of demo- 
cracy., can be strengthened by regu- 
lations that seem to fly in the face of 
reality. Members of the U. S. Congress 
need a lot more money than European 
legislators do, mostly because of the 
cost of television and the need to cam- 
paign almost continuously in far-flung 

In Europe and Japan, candidates get 
campaigning time free on staie-run tele- 
vision, and the official campaigns — the 
time for rallies, television ads and the 
like — are limited in duration. In Bri- 
tain. they last only about three weeks; if 
Prime Minister John Major calls the 
□ext election there for May 1, as ex- 
pected, he will not dissolve parliament 
until early April. 

British laws on campaign financing 
are mostly unwritten, like the British 
Constitution, and Mr. Major's Conser- 
vatives have always said that how they 
raise money, and from whom, is none of 
the public's business. 

The public seems to agree. 

Where there is no law, there is no 
crime, and until the late 1980s. France 
had no campaign finance law. So parties 
and politicians raised most of their 
money by almost openly shaking down 
contractors who did business with the 
municipalities the parties controlled. 

The shakedowns ranged between 1 
percent and 7 percent of the value of the 
contracts, according to Thierry Jean- 
Pierre, one of the crusading French in- 
vestigating magistrates who finally 
broke up the system by prosecuting of- 

ficials for extortion and corruption after 
businesses complained that the squeeze 
had become too much to bear. 

To cry to clean things up, the French 
followed Germany's lead and passed 
laws that make taxpayers foot some 
campaign bills. French parties and can- 
didates are now barred from soliciting 
companies for campaign funds and can 
ask individuals for no more than about 

Foreign governments, but not foreign 
individuals, are barred from contrib- 
uting. and there are limits on how much 
candidates may spend in the 12 months 
before an election. 

Candidates for the national legisla- 
ture are now limited ro about $62,000, 
with the state paying up to half of that 

The state also finances the major 
political parties to the tune of about 
5100 million a year — about what they 
had been taking in through shakedowns 
in the 1980s. according to Judge Jean- 

But French law still has loopholes; it 
doesn't spell out exactly what campaign 
expenses are. and the parties don't have 
to account for the public money they 

Germany, like the United States, has 
long struggled with ways to allow in- 
dividuals and companies to contribute. 

The courts, for example, have found 
most efforts to control contributions un- 
constitutional. In addition, in the 19S0s, 
prosecutors uncovered a vast network of 
illegal corporate payments to the three 
major parries through tax-deductible 
donations to “charities" set up for the 

Such scandals have helped change 
the German political landscape by con- 
tributing to the rise of the Green Party, 
which claims to be cleaner than the rest. 
Today, all parties are partly financed by 
public money, distributed according to a 
formula based on the number of votes 
they receive. 

Gentian companies can donate what 
they want but can deduct none of it, and 
the parties must disclose the donors. 

Germany's troubles pale next to those 
of Italy, where prosecutors have been 
picking at the web of conniption that tied 
all the established parties to business, 
and even to organized crime, for most of 
the half-century after World War II. 

S'- v.vJv. 






Rebel Leader Seizes the Moment 

By Stephen Buckley 

Washington Pest Service 

UVIRA, Zaire — Since insurgents 
directed by Laurent Kabila began seiz- 
ing much of eastern Zaire five months 
ago, the rebel leader has tried diligently 
to craft an image of himself as a states- 
man-diplomat who does not crave 
power but is fighting for the rejuven- 
ation of this poverty- wracked, corrup- 
tion-weary central African nation. 

A self-described “soldier-politi- 
cian,” Mr. Kabila. 56. has spent most 
of his adult life as an obscure pro- 
fessional guerrilla who has made de- 
posing Mobutu Sese Seko — Zaire’s 
leader since 1965 — bis main cause. 

“He has changed, and perceptions 
of him have changed.” said Roger 
Winter, executive director of the U.S. 
Committee for Refugees, who spent a 
week with Mr. Kabila in January. 

Since the mid-1960s. Mr. Kabila 
has led the People’s Revolutionary 
Party, which until the past few months 
espoused a Marxist ideology. 

He shuttled around the continent, 
spending time in Tanzania, Mozam- 
bique and Uganda. He also ran an 
enclave near Uvira, where, one Zairian 
scholar wrote, * ‘he had for all practical 
purposes become a typical African 
warlord rather than a revolutionary 
guerrilla leader.” 

He re-emerged in October as the 
leader of a coalition called the Alliance 
of Democratic Forces for the Liber- 
ation of Con go-Zaire. He preached 
free-market economics and an end to 
the corruption that has fractured this 
sprawling nation of 46 million people. 

At first, he drew guarded responses, 
especially among his compatriots. But 
that has changed in recent weeks. Op- 
position lawmakers have visited him 
in Goma with increasing openness, 
and some factions — such as uni- 
versity students in Kinshasa — have 
embraced bixn after initially scoffing 
at bis message and movement. 

Tens of thousands of teenagers and 
young adults have joined his move- 
ment. And crowds have generally 
greeted him with enthusiasm. 

Courting the international media has 
been crucial to his success. Early on. he 
appeared uncomfortable with report- 
ers. He chuckled nervously during in- 
terviews and sometimes refused to use 
English, which he speaks fluently. 

But he has become raedia-sawy . He 
beckons reporters to follow him on his 
travels throughout eastern Zaire. He 
takes their home telephone numbers. 
He bolds news conferences almost 
daily. He provides security through 
territoiy the rebels hold. 

Mr. Kabila has won over diplomats 

kut-nwv tknjartV Wa-nard (No* 

A marcher in Bukavu, Zaire, celebrating Kisangani’s fall to the rebels. 

by shunning extremist statements and 
hasty acts that could alienate potential 
allies in the West. Though the United 
States was a staunch ally of the anti- 
communist Marshal Mobutu through- 
out the Cold War, it has since distanced 
itself from his corrupt regzme.and U.S. 
officials in central Africa have met 
with Mr. Kabila several times. 

For example, at the request of the 
United Nations and the United States. 
Mr. Kabila refused for weeks to attack 
the Tingi-Tingi camp in eastern Zaire, 
populated mostly by refugees who fled 
Rwanda after Hunt extremists mas- 
sacred a half-million Tutsi and mod- 
erate Hutu in 1994. The mostly Tutsi 
rebels did overrun the camp about two 
weeks ago, but Mr. Kabila said he 
continued to offer a corridor for the 
refugees to return home to Rwanda. 

But aid workers and the Zairian 
government contend that the rebels 
have been executing former Rwandan 
soldiers and militiamen among the 

Mr. Kabila also has restrained his 
anti-Mobutu rhetoric. He has said he 
would not imprison the ailing pres- 
ident, saying: ‘’Mobutu does not have 
to fear for his safety. Let him come 
back home.'' 

And he contends that he does not 
want to replace the president, who has 
spent much of the conflict in France, 
recovering from treatments for pro- 
state cancer. He says he wants Marshal 
Mobutu’s government to negotiate an 
agreement with die rebels that would 
lead to a transitional government and 

“He has positioned himself as very 
moderate,” said Andre Kapanga, 
chairman of the All North American 
Conference on Zaire, a group of Zairi- 

an intellectuals. “He doesn’t say out- 
rageous things.” 

But even some of Mr. Kabila’s sup- 
porters express doubt that his self- 
effacing statements are genuine. 

He has told some people that he 
would at least like to be deputy prime 
minister and minister of defense. His 
colleagues in the alliance call him 
“President Kabila” and he does not 
discourage them. 

Some detractors deride him as an 
opportunist who saw a chance to re- 
kindle revolutionary dreams last fall 
when the government threatened to 
expel Tutsi — known as the Ban- 
yaraulenge — who have lived in east- 
ern Zaire for 200 years. 

The Banyamuleoge are thought to 
make up the core of a rebel force 
estimated at 20,000 men. But they are 
outnumbered by Zairians from otber 
ethnic groups, and Mr. Kabila himself 
is from the Luba group and grew up in 
southeastern Zaire's Shaba region. 

Still, the rebels are seen as dom- 
inated by the Banyamulenge. a po- 
tentially movement-splitting percep- 
tion in a country that includes about 
200 ethnic groups. 

In addition, Mr. Kabila rejects al- 
legations that the rebels are a proxy 
force for Rwanda and Uganda. Dip- 
lomats contend dial both countries 
have supplied equipment and logis- 
tical and strategic support to the al- 
liance. Those governments deny the 

“He has won a lot of support by 
consistently emphasizing that it’s not 
enough for Mobutu to go. There has to 
be a change in the system.” said Mr. 
Winter of the Committee for Refugees. 
“He has become a symbol of the pos- 
sibility of fundamental change.” 

ZAIRE: Rebels Sweep Ahead and Set Sights on the Capital 

Continued from Page I 

Government officials 
said elements of tbe 31st 
Paratroop Brigade, one of 
die country's best armed 
3nd trained units, aban- 
doned the government 
cause and attacked a com- 
pany of Serbian mercenar- 
ies who had been leading 
the defense of Kisangani. 

The mercenaries, under 
fire, abandoned the interna- 
tional airport aboard heli- 
copters, retreating to Mar- 
shal Mobutu's home village 
of Gbadolite, diplomats and 
government officials here 

‘‘It appears the rebels in- 
filtrated the town through 
die jungle and starting 
shooting at the same time as 
the armored column was 
moving toward the air- 
port.” said a Western re- 
gional military expert. 

“It looks like that was 
enough to panic the defend- 
ers pretty badly. And when 
the Zairian troops started 
shooting at them, the mer- 
cenaries flew out of there in 
a hurry.” 

Government troops who 
did not rally to the rebel side 
pillaged Kisangani before 
fleeing across the Zaire 
River and heading into the 

northern hinterlands, ac- 
cording to Western diplo- 

The fall of Kisangani rep- 
resents the unraveling of the 
war strategy of the govern- 
ment, which relied upon 
Serb mercenaries and Hutu 
fighters from the former 
Rwandan Army to shore up 
it own woefully inadequate 

Even before this loss, 
rebels of tbe Alliance of 
Democratic Forces for the 
Liberation of Congo l Zaire) 
controlled over 30 percent 
of the nation's territory. 

Few expect much further 
resistance by Marshal 

Mobutu's government, 
which faces the strong pos- 
sibility of being forced to 
negotiate its dissolution or 
being swept away by a 

“Everyone is making 
new calculations about their 
future,’* a member of Mar- 
shal Mobutu’s entourage 
said Saturday. “The old 
game is up. The next few 
days will show what the 
new game is all about" 

The fail of Kisangani 
came on the same day that a 
special United Nations en- 
voy to Zaire began talks 
with the leader of the re- 
bellion. Mr. Kabila. 

ECONOMY: Bond Markets Shudder at Signs of Rate Increases 

Continued from Page 1 

vestments Inc. in Chicago said he ex- 
pected early action because of internal 
Fed politics. Fed chairmen eschew pub- 
lic shows of division within the board, 
he said, and with two vacancies waiting 
to be filled. Mr. Greenspan must act this 
month if he wants to avoid the risk of a 
divided vote at the subsequent Open 
Market Committee meeting in May. 

In addition to the timing of the Fed's 
move, there is uncertainty about how 
much of a tightening the Fed will go for 
a single jolt of 25 basis points or a series 
of moves culminating in an increase of 
75 basis points by the end of the year. 

In Europe, economic growth in Ger- 
many and France is poised for a sub- 
stantial pick-up, spiuied by the recent 
surge of the dollar lifting European ex- 
ports and the lagged effects of a long 
period of easy monetary policy that has 
driven interest rates to modem-time 

Aside from the question of whether 
faster growth enhances the prospects for 
monetary union occurring as planned on 
Jan. 1 , 1999. Paul Mortimer of Banque 
Paribas said it brought bad news for 
bond investors. 

“As the upswing builds,” he said, 
“tbe demand for money and loanable 
funds puts upward pressure on interest 
rates and fuels expectations of tighter 
future monetary policy.' ' 

Taken together, these uncertainties 
have the effect of reducing liquidity 
worldwide — the abundance of which 
has been driving markets higher. 

“Unexpected interest rate pressures 
always represent the single greatest 
threat to liquidity-driven markets,” said 
Stephen Roach of Morgan Stanley & 

li is still strikingly cheap to borrow 
yen at less than 1 percent or Swiss francs 
at a cost of less than 2 percent or even 
Deutsche marks at a cost of just over 3 
percent to finance the purchase of short- 
term U.S.. British. Italian. Australian or 
New Zealand paper — all of which yield 
more than 6 percent. 

But the risk of capital lasses on these 
investments, as U.S. or British interest 

rates rise or as the prospects for Euro- 
pean monetary union ebb, has led to a 
substantial unwinding of such specu- 
lative positions. 

Such moves by investors made it dif- 
ficult for the dollar to make much head- 
way last week and accounted for the 
across-the-board increase of die Swiss 
franc and the substantial strength of the 
Deutsche mark within Europe. 

The hardest bit in the unwinding was 
the Swedish krona, down 2.7 percent 
against the Swiss franc and 2.2 percent 
against the mark. The Swedish market 
also suffered the worst performance last 
week, with yields on government paper 
rising 51 basis points on five-year notes 
and rising 22 basis points for 10- year 

The Italian bond market also sold off 

All across the spectrum, whether 
measured by category of risk or length 
of maturity, bond prices retreated and 

spreads over benchmark rates widened. 

“The appetite for risk is moderat- 
ing," said Avinash Persaud of J.P. Mor- 
gan & Co. The move to a more de- 
fensive strategy, he added, is 
characterized by ’ ‘a reduction in die size 
of positions, a cut in duration — shorter 
maturities — and a preference for the 
‘core* European markets instead of the 
higher-yielding periphery markets.” 

The aversion to risk was unfortunate 
for Russia, which last week offered sev- 
en-year notes worth 2 billion DM ($1.17 
billion) that were priced to yield 370 
basis points over comparably dated Ger- 
man government paper. Presale spec- 
ulation had called for a spread of about 
350 basis points, not far from the spread 
of 345 basis points Moscow paid in 
November for its maiden dol lar offering 
of five-year notes. 

Even so. the seven-year notes were 
moving slowly, and by week's end the 
spread had grown to 374 basis points. 

U.S. Copters 
Kept Busy 
In Albania 

Marines Land at Port 
To Lift Out Foreigners 


GOLEM BEACH, Albania — U.S. 
Marines stormed out of helicopters onto 
Golem Beach, south of Dunes, on 
Sunday to rescue American. Turkish 
and Italian citizens from tbe chaos of 

Tbe Marines’ helicopters kicked up 
blizzards of stinging sand as they landed 
and they used rifle butts to repel Al- 
banians trying to board foe aircraft and 
escape. . 

“I tried to get on the helicopter but a 
soldier hit me in foe face with his gun,” 
said 50-year-old Ymer Mooroku, his 
face streaked with blood from a cut 
above his nose. At least one Marine was 
also cut in the face in the melee. 

Two helicopters lifted an unknown 
number of foreign nationals to safety on 
ships standing by in tbe Adriatic in the 
early afternoon. 

At least five other helicopters circled 
the beach during the evacuation. 

Shortly after foe helicopters lifted off 
the beach, which ties about 10 kilo- 
meters (6 miles) south of Albania's 
largest port, a small skiff carrying about 
20 refugees capsized near shore. 

Several people came close to drown- 
ing and had to be saved by men who 
swam out through the breakers. 

A second pair of helicopters then 
returned to the beach, and a U.S. Marine 
said they had come for any people bear- 
ing Turkish, Italian or U.S. passports. 

None of tbe hundreds of people still 
gathered had such documents, and the 
Marines waited for about an hour. 

Tbe combat-ready company of car- 
ried automatic rifles, anti-tank weapons, 
night-vision goggles and so much am- 
munition that many staggered through 
the sand to their positions. 

Some of foe Marines were deployed 
alongside mushroom -shaped concrete 
bunkers that were built in the tens of 
thousands by Albania's former Com- 
munist dictator, Enver Hoxha, to protect 
his country, foe poorest in Europe, from 

The problem Sunday was not that 
foreigners wanted to get in but that 
virtually everyone. Albanians included, 
wanted to get out. 

■ Tirana’s Streets Quiet 

Jane Perlez of The New York Times 
reported earlier from Tirana: 

The streets of the Albanian capital 
were quiet Sunday as the wild gunfire 
that erupted three days earlier subsided 
and militiamen armed by the authorities 
patrolled foe city. 

A defiant President Sali Berisha is- 
sued a statement saying that he would 
not resign before parliamentary elec- 
tions to be held before June and would 
step down only if his party lost in the 

The rest of the country remained out 
of government control, with wide sec- 
tions of infrastructure destroyed by loot- 
ers and armed gangs. 

More than S00 refugees who took off 
from foe lawless southern town of V lore 
on foe Adriatic were rescued Sunday 
from a rusty navy boat that ran aground 
near the end of their voyage to the Italian 
port of Brindisi. 

The exhausted refugees, plucked 
from heavy seas, included a woman who 
was about to give birth, a 10-day-old 
baby and dozens of young children. 

Italian port officials said foe refugees 
had commandeered a boat that was so 
crowded that men were perched aiop foe 
communications mast. “They were 
piled one on top of each other.” said the 
Brindisi port commander, Giovanni 

Three fishing boats packed with 317 
refugees berthed at foe Italian port of 
Bari on Saturday night, adding to the 
fear among Italian officials that a huge 
exodus of Albanians, reminiscent of the 
tens of thousands who turned up in 1 991 
after the fall of communism, might be 

In Durres, uniformed policemen who 
had been cajoled back to work with a 
promise of dramatic pay increases, shot 
over foe heads of more than 1.000 be- 
draggled-looking people who were at- 
tempting to surge onto a dock and com- 
mand a boat that could take them to 

Some of those repulsed from foe dock 
by gunfire said they had spent four days 
waiting for a boat that never came. 

Those trying to escape said that they 
feared continuing anarchy in Albania. 



Accused Activist 
Back in Cape Town 

CAPE TOWN — The disgraced 
ami-apartheid cleric Allan Boesak got 
a hero’s welcome when be arrived 
home in South Africa on Sunday to 
face charges that he enriched himself 
with foreign aid intended for charity . 

Almost a thousand supporters, in- 
cluding Justice Minister Dullah 
Omar, turned out to greet Mr. Boesak 
when he arrived in Cape Town from 
California, where he has spent 18 
months in self-imposed exile. 

The crowd carried Mr. Boesak, 
who is of mixed race, from the airport 
lounge to a nearby stage, where foe 
Dutch Reformed Church minister and 
veteran activist made a fiery speech in 
which be claimed that he was a victim 
of continuing racial prejudice. 

The cleric, parading his wife and 
children and his elderly mother on foe 
stage, was to hold private talks with 
Nelson Mandela, whose governing 
African National Congress says it is 
folly behind Mr. Boesak, despite the 

Mr. Boesak is alleged to have 
stolen at least a million rand 
($439,000) from foe Danish charity 
Danchurch white he was bead of foe 
Foundation tor Peace and Justice, 
which is based in Cape Town. (AFP) 

Algerian Military 
Kills 52 Militants 

ALGIERS — Algerian security 
forces in recent days have killed at 
least 52 Islamic militants in what ap- 
pears to be a concerted offensive 
against extremists prior to elections in 
June, newspapers reported Sunday. 

At least tour aimed extremists were 
shot and killed during a weekend raid 
by foe police on foe capital's Casbah 
quarter, and 43 others were killed in 
Relizane, western Algeria, newspa- 
pers reported. 

They added ihat five additionalex- 
tre mists bad been killed in an un- 
specified location. 

The daily El Watan said tbe crack- 
down in die maze-like ancient heart of 

Algiers was in retaliation far “an 
attack against three members* of the 
security services.” ’ V- 

A tip-off by residents led the police 
to the Casbah, where an exchange of- 
fire between the police and the jnd- - 
itants' continued through foe streets to 
the group's hideout, the reports sain. 

The newspaper Le Son d Algene 
said a tip-off also led the and 
army forces to the militants in western 

^AWiour battle there resulted in 
tbe deaths Saturday of 43 menloyalto 
foe region’s extremist chief, Kada 
BenchSia. Several caches of automat- - 
ic weapons and homemade bombs, 
were discovered. ( ArP) 

El Salvador Leftists . 
Optimistic on vote 

SAN SALVADOR — The leftist 
former rebels who laid aside their 
arms five years ago say they have a. 
chance to take a major share of power 
in national elections Sunday. 

Polls taken late last month showed ~ 
the Farabundo .Marti. National Front 
leading tbe governing rightist Nation- 
alist Republican Alliance and 1 1 oth- 
er parties in congressional and mu- 
nicipal races. Results were, not .. 

expected before Monday. 

But with many voters still unde- 
cided, rightist parties said they wiH 
bold on to a majority in foe 84-mem- 
ber National Assembly and win most 
of the other races in this country of 5.5- 
million. (AP ) . 

Quake Rocks Japan 

TOKYO — A fairly strong earth- , 
quake measuring 5.6 on foe open- 
ended Richter scale rocked areas of 
central and western Japan Sunday, 
injuring two women, the meteoro- 
logical agency and the police said. .. 

The trenrior. which occurred at 
2:51 PJd., disrupted traffic, caused 
electricity cuts, and broke windows. 

The epicenter of tbe quake was in" 
the eastern part of the central pre- i 
fecture of Aichi at a depth of 40 j 
kilometers, foe meteorological agen- 
cy said. (AFP) 

2 Parties Favoring Ruler 
Lead in Nigeria Exit Polls 


LAGOS — Exit polls published 
Sunday forecast victory in local elections 
for two parties that seek foe Nigerian 
military ruler. General Sani Abacha. as 
their candidate for civilian presidential 
elections planned for next year. 

Two newspapers, Thisday and 
Sunday Concord, said tbe United Ni- 
geria Congress Party and the Demo- 
cratic Party of Nigeria had topped foe 
poll among the five registered parties. 

The newspapers, based in foe com- 
mercial capital. Lagos, said their fore- 
casts had been based on a survey of 
voters by reporters nationwide during 
the voting Saturday. They gave no pre- 
cise figures for how foe parties would 
fare in the final tally of chairmen and 
councilors for 774 local authorities. 

“The indications do not depart sig- 
nificantly from the spread of foe 
parties." Thisday said. 

The trend would be in line with foe 
rating the National Electoral Commis- 

sion gave when it registered foe five in: 
September, after foe army lifted a ban on 
political parties. It said foe Congress 
Party had foe widest nationwide ! 
followed by the Democratic Party, 
are centrist and haV& -roots, in- foe pre- 
dominantly Islamic north. 

Early returns from Lagos state pub- 
lished by Thisday and another inde- 
pendent newspaper. Sunday Punch, in- 
dicated that foe Congress Party had won 
in five of seven municipalities where an 
outcome bad been decided. 

Electoral authorities have yet to an- 
nounce official results. 

Many veteran politicians did not take 
part in foe elections because foe military 
did not register their parties. 

Information Minister Walter Ofon- 
agoro said foe peaceful and enthusiastic 
voting had shown support for foe plan to 
transfer power to civilians in 1998. 

“It was quite orderly and smooth.” a 
Western diplomat in Lagos said. * ‘Even 
foe police were unobtrusive.” 

Yeltsin Turns Up Heat 

He Wants NATO Guarantees From Clinton 

Washington Post Service 

MOSCOW — President Boris 
Yeltsin, staking out a tough position for 
his summit meeting with President Bill 
Clinton this week, wanted Sunday that 
he will insist on a legally binding guar- 
antee protecting Moscow’s security in- 
terests before the West expands foe 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization into 
Central Europe. 

The Russian president’s remarks, in an 
interview with a Finnish newspaper, re- 
stated Moscow's long-standing position. 
NATO has rejected any legally binding 
treaty with Russia, suggesting a less for- 
mal political agreement could define foe 
terms of their relations instead. 

Bur foe timing of foe statement, and the 
fact that ir came from Mr. Yeltsin him- 
self. was a new reminder that the meeting 
now scheduled for Thursday and Friday 

in Helsinki may be the most contentious 
between the two powers in years. 

Mr. Yeltsin, whose health seems tc 
have improved substantially in receni 
weeks, had added to those expectations 
Friday, when he predicted that foe Hel- 
sinki meeting "will be foe hardest in all 
the history of Russian-Aroerican rela- 

Without an iron-clad accord setting 
out the terms of NATO-Russian rela- 
tions, the result could be * ‘a slide toward 
a new confrontation, to an undermining 
of trust between Russia and Western 
countries," Mr. Yeltsin told the daily 
newspaper Helsingin Sanomat. 

He added, however, that in a phone 
conversation with President Clinton not 
long ago. foe American had said that 
"the United States is interested in com- 
promise. and so am L” 

RUSSIANS: With Moscow Now Neither Friend Nor Foe of U.S., Clinton and Yeltsin Will Seek New Relationship 

Continued from Page 1 
ican nightmare. 

Just as important, perhaps, ordinary 
Russians took a certain pride in the fear 
they engendered. Fear meant respect, 
and foe Soviet Union insisted that 
Washington treat Moscow not only as a 
superpower but as an equal. 

It was a- form of acceptance, however 
twisted, for a society that missed the 
Enlightenment and was never even con- 
sidered a European counlry. let alone a 
European power, until foe 18th century 
and Peter the Great. 

But now foe Russians, more than 
anyone else, are deeply conscious and 
resentful of their fall, the great payoff 
from foe West foal was supposed to 
come wifo foeir abandonment of Soviet 
communism has not materialized. 

Capitalism has stoked no great in- 
dustrial boom: foreign investment re- 
mains desultory, especially when com- 
pared with foe money flowing to a still 
nominally Communist China: a vulgar. 

nouveau riche class of criminals and 
kleptocrats seems to dominate the still- 
feudal government; Eastern Europe is 
fleeing into the arms of NATO, foe 
former enemy, and Russia, rather than 
being welcomed by the West as a part- 
ner. is still excluded. 

A Russian official in Moscow said 
there was a growing feeling “that noth- 
ing we are doing is working foe way it 
should, that nothing we do is ever quite 
enough, and that we may be a his- 
torically failed civilization." 

The Russians see NATO enlarge- 
ment as evidence of foeir decline, and of 
Washington’seagemess. despite sooth- 
ing words of partnership, to take ad- 
vantage of Russian weakness and 
change the map of Europe. 

Peter Reddaway of George Wash- 
ington University, who has analyzed 
polls by foe All-Russian Center for Pub- 
lic Opinion and Market Research, says 
most Russians associate the chaos of 
their lives wifo an American plan to 
destroy foe Soviet Union and turn Rus- 

sia into a source of cheap natural re- 
sources for foe West. 

The Russian government isn’t much 
more trusting. It clearly doesn't know 
how to react to foe plan to enlarge 
NATO, wifo invitations in July to foe 
first group of countries, probably Hun- 
gary, Poland and foe Czech Republic, 
and NATO’s parallel offer to Russia of a 
cooperative charter, regular consulta- 
tion and new limits on conventional 
forces in Europe. 

Mr. Primakov mixes talk of cooper- 
ation wifo bluster and forest in a time- 
tested fashion, trying to extract what 
concessions Russia can from foe West 
before NATO enlarges in any event, 
while still holding on to all options: 
make a deal now, make a deal later or 
make no deal at ail. 

1716 decision, in foe end, will be Mr. 
Yeltsin's, and it will depend a lot on 
what he thinks of “my friend Bill." as 
he calls the president < — and what he 
thinks his friend Bill thinks of him. 

“Russia was our enemy, and then foe 

Russians were sold to us as our friends 
and partners." said Angela Stent of 
Georgetown University. 

“But there has been a lot of dis- 
illusion on both sides. I suppose the 
Russians are 'ambivalent partners' — 
and foe ambivalence is also felt on both 

Americans lament the messy tran- 
sition in Russia despite significant I if 
sometimes misdirected) efforts at aid 
and advice. The replacement of a Com- 
munist elite by one of shudv business- 
men, corrupt bureaucrats and criminals 
isn't the way Washington imagined it. 

Even Russia's advocates in the Clin- 
ton administration are reluctant to sav 
that Russia has "made foe leap suc- 
cessfully,” said Ms. Stent. “The Rus- 
sians are still in the middle, unpredict- 
able and annoying.” 

Traditionally, the two schools of So- 
viet studies were the one that viewed 
Russia as inclined to totalitarianism, 
mast notably led by Richard Pipes and 
Martin Malia. and foe school that saw it 

evolving pluralistically, most i 
with Stephen Cohen — and w 
Mikhail Gorbachev as a demc 

Michael McFaul. a Russian ! 
Stanford University, says boil 
are still very much in session 
tali tartan school still has a ne< 
action to Russia, “warning foe 
keep its powder dry, ’ ‘ Mr. Mcl 
The pluralist school also hates 
order and Mr. Yeltsin, becaus 
frayed Mr. Gorbachev and a rji 

The Russians feel iasuffici. 
prectated for casting off con 
and ending the threat of 
Armageddon. They are also 
that Washington did not s 
freeze the world as it was in 191 
^ylnedlo reorder foeir socie 

With NATO expansion am 
ican plans for advanced new 
defenses under way, many Rusj 
they believe Washington is wr 
perpetuate Moscow's humbled 





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Brendan GJHer 
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Mdbaeme 3000, Au£i£a 
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Employment Services 


Spectafek far teaflheare. 

« terete n Eunpe. 

H fc SGntK Fookbxdtain. Gamany. 
Tet449F((I)GSfi34040 FifW(qG8SZ7B4B 

Executive Positions AvaBiMe 


State! Attain feOidnaot 
te is MBA program. 

Jab D uaW fl u 

• Reaiftnenl of snxtaita 
in America & Europa. 

■ Actra as rteriatt beiwfln 
(ha MBA & rie companies 
pdknffflrp in he program. 

• Student anwBng. 
asssanre in job ptacemenL 

CBnAtakY Prafflr 
■ Bbigual EngfetvFranch 
■ Age 30 +. 

■ Wxk Expenence k) preskge or 
premium goods as wed as the 
educational field an adwrtage. 

■ Free to travel 

* Excefent comnwicaiOT 
& aganisationd skis. 

Phase sand tatter at moOvdioR 
and tV. kr Bax 0256, ULT, 
32521 Neutty Cedex, France. 


become a thadh 

imoonant trafing compay o( etedranic 

components end peripteral computers 
saetag corftmed sate pettteand 

leta-sales people to prospect. Mow up 

aSreBBOtStewit 1 wold teadres in the 

TMecom and Comxter I refastry. 

You wft be oortttfing Via corrpany 

dents based in USA. Aa, Japan tam 

Parc(5th] & adapting to the taalteure. 

You hare a success^ »?«««" 

sries by tatejXone in tte tocthi am. 

You are convincing, pujnadaiA 
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Yrei «ftdW Baal pta« ftal aware 
yonrdBsire to express jousdjn a 

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EvoMorwy posiion. . 

Rred salary + rorawbrig comrmssion. 

Send CV and oi^requimmerts to. 

21 Bid Stent Germain, 75005 FWs. 

E xecutives Available 

EU8tt»aW«8Wt AiPBCANt^. 
corerdy tafloned * WteM 

rranagng dtedor or a bran d ot a jeMh 
« European aaxitad«Jt*«iy^ 

Kpenemai the am seeks nwd* - 

(engmg postot 


Singapore 902916 

HSxx 40, PhD WTL LAW hOTRarB 


to St. 9S21 NeuSfy Cede*. France. 


{Marei PKfppinBS) 

G a al ong prafassionAk, who Ora nationals of roerobtr coun^ios. paniajJarfy women, for the position of: 


(Ref No. 97-12) 

The irrigation Engineer is rasportAteior various aspects oflh* identifieation. preparation, appraisal, review and 
implementation of water resources prefects, inducting basin management and irrigation, drainage, and flood 
control projects in the Bank's developing member countries. In particular, he/she w3 be responsUe as a 
member of a rmritkfisdpiinary team for preparing, designing and implementing water resources projects, and 
for addressing Institution bidding issue s in the sector. 

Candidates shoedd haw relevant professional qu aM c ati ons and at least sight years of related experience, 
preferably fodudmg e xperience in Thailand. Laos. CambocEaand Viet Nam. A Knowledge of water resourcas 
p lan ning, management and e n gfo e erng is necessary as well as a working knowledge of the social and 
ambonmental dimensions asaocidad with water resources projects. Profi ci ency in written and spoken Engish 
is essen tial Candidates should be nationals of member countries of the Bank. 

The Bank offers an mterationafy competitive salary paid in lLS.doflars (nomwiy flee of tax. tvowrevsr the Bank 
b not l i a b l e to reimburse any tax amount due on Bank income as determined by canddatas' national 
authorities) and an excellent benefis package (adored to the needs of those bring outside their home country. 

Intere s ted p er s ons are invited to send their detailed curriculum vitae quoting the r e ference msnber given above, 
thru Facsimile nos. (632)638-2550/(632) 632-6816. Additional information on the Bank and application 
forms cam be obtained from the Internet at http://www.Jisi andevbantaorg. Applications should reach foe 
Bank not later than 19 March 19ST7. Oriv ahortfretsd candidates wflf be notified. 

Grandes Universites Europeennes Ing6nieurs/FinancierS 


3137 Gemony. 


Fastest growtog travri brectray needs 

qurified youig sates SOfl (25-40) to cov- 
er toe taiaiffie nch C aToany martet 
tramedate opentegs litfi eamkgs; bawl 

Sdes apertures necessay, farattedge 
of hotel industry hdefti 
For tenciiate consnoabcn, mafl onto- 
lim vtae hdufing a «art jiiotograpi 

THG-Tba Hotel GUdi AG 
Alto. dr. HP. Steffen 
HwpMrene 54, Fodtedi 38 
6045 Iren - Setastend 
or tec 4<r 41 379 Of 21 or 

FREsmouB ambucar law mt, 

75001 Paris, seeks aaertanced 

(or imiBKStoB tuMeie eroptoymenL He- 
qured: btinguel EngksWFrench, expert- 
erced in corporate reporting, ccxipder 
ftlerate. Wort papers needed. Fax re- 
sum to 33(0)142805836 reference LM. 

Hi iiwg anc *s 
Fv RetaB StoresEorape 
U.S. matufadurer seeks expenenced 
<phm person to tatroduce pnxk tas hr 
Euupe that have aide dstdwSon in 
UA RB&m aft offer tber al mum 
tion and stock oamntfo ta cmamr. 
Box 248, LH.T. 850 Ibid Am. IOBi 
S oot, Hew Yak, FLY. 10022, USA. 


d mkhridB marketing ton to Para. 
Mud be dfBoc. veraada 
ataX aflh cooputer. 

flrtamwa begin rui totwx y ) 

F YOW Kni« TOMSUEta&gi 
you He conixdBS and gap* ara 

* wesil 9^ 

Mra France and jom a tafl jpwmg. 

resum and setey “Sf*™*® ^ 
rue Medial Systems SA, 265 Haie de 
b Bwmfle, 08640 SL Jeaaw, 

cif SO pte afld^nww London: *44 

flwTJSiff »»*««■ 


Positions Open 

lnstituto Superior Tecnico 
Technical University of Lisbon - Portugal 

Seeks candidates to the positions of Professor (one 
place) and Associate Professor (two places) in the 
scientific areas of Industrial Management and 

Industrial Economics. , _ _ , L 

Applications accepted until April 8*. For further 
information please contact: 

Miss Alexandra Alves. 

Human Resources Section, 
phone: 351-1-841 7649; 

Tax: 351-1-8470858; 

E-ma i hsecpdi © ist.utl .pt 
Lisbon 5* March 1997 




toa,TX, USfa 400 sxm boxy pnpeny 
lasted in tee best of Donum, isav- 
renfly to B r«» » »ng nMm 
vfttin our fofr&iug kUn. Tbe Fu 
Saasure Hofo, ttaattn, is rsnoied tar 
fe oHrMBtagreoauata end Fiw- 
tfemond sates , ite tt ri a ndrtaie «fl 
posses strong cuftvy stefe otiter 
arekabta sebuofng. Tratehg posffiorc 
vm be arefafate or a tenporsy beds tor 
&1B monta. Two tceb l a^atayac- 
aonodsfem «a te provided in toe 
hofte. interested aofcaate sbodd send 
resow toe Far Season Hotel 1300 
Urate St, Hasten. TX 77010 USA cr 
FAX: 71«aHW34 USA. hamns ifl 
be sdsdutad n ftew Yort. NY. (EOF) 

General Positions Wanted 

- 10 yeas meda Mtafag stotsog, 

pddc ratefl um experience in Central, 
western Europe, nd USA [Worid Bank 
Uzs, DaBeBra) US. cSzer, teoate, 35 
yeare, bent French. Gann, good fta- 
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ancad h gem etqftxafion, raining * fne 
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Pologne /I talie / Allemagne/ Angleterre/Pays-Bas . . . 

Bilingues Frangais 

(L avez effec#u6 vos etudes dans une grande university europdenne et vous avez 
evolu6 dans un envtronnemerrt blculturel. Nous vous proposons de rejolndre la 
Compognie Bancaire, filiate de Paribas. Gioupe europeen de services financiers 
qui vous ouvrira de larges opportunit6s de carriere a FInte motional. Pour 
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jeunes dlptfirrtes ambfifeux. pratiquarrt si possible une troisidme iangus 
europSenne, effin cflntensifier noire presence sur I'ensemble de I'Europe. 
rAmerique Laflne, TAsie du Sud-Est. v 

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financiers a Paris : 

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de gesfion. preparation des docunents cfWormcfflon 
flnanddre. idadsafion cfdtudes parficuBdres. 

Gesfion Actif/Passif 

Au sebn de P6qu1pe flnancement, responsable de 
la pofflique de flnancement du Gioupe, vous §tes en 
liaison etrofte avec la CHreciton Generate pour dSflnir 
la potifique efiniervenflon sur tes marches. 

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Vteus pouvez aussi nous retiouver sur te Web : wwwude^xxncalre.flr 




This prestigious International Newspaper is 
implementing an on-going programme of expan- 
sion. We are currently seeking a highly motivated 
sales professional to actively sell classified adver- 
tisements. This will involve working closely with 
French based clients and advertising agencies. 

You will be perfectly fluent in French and English 
with strong interpersonal and sales skills. Based in 
Paris this position reports to the French Class i fied 


The International School 
of Paris 

seeks a new 


starting September 1997 

Please i 

instance enclosing a C.V. 

Kimberly Gnenand-Betrancouit 
Inte rnatio nal Herald Tribune 
181, avenue Charles de Gaulle 
92521 Neuilly Cedex - France 

The School: Only Anglophone school in Paris. 
Member of E.CJ.S. Offers I.B. 300+students from 40 

The Position: Reports to Board of Directors. 
Responsibility for all school activities. Leadership of 
a motivated team. Development of curriculum, 
financial management, marketing, educational 

The successful applicant: Professionally 
qualified, proven management skills, experience in 
international education. Pro-active and 
Independent, able to respond effectively in a 
rapidly changing environment. Excellent in 
written/verba) communication. 

Representational skills in English. French highly 

Qualified applicants invited to send their curriculum vitae and 
references no later than 20 April 1 997 tin 
Recruitment Office, International School of Paris. 

6, rue Beethoven, 75016 Paris 
Fax: 33 I 4527 1 593-e-mail: egiletMaoLcom 

Secretariat Positions Available 

Itaiiw&ta saris etaotonced 
B Ungual [EpgfettFreKh), Engfish 

mother-tango* settlttey for Director. 
Patency in Wont petal 5.1 ttattsUe. 
Ptease cal AdriBSkata 
Td; +33 HM «41# 85, Pffil 



EnqKsh motor tongue 

mite to to 245. LRt. 

Educational Positions Available 


tar Buena Peopta. 

Dyramfc. Frisndy Teem, 
tanwram leading Uetak 
Paris-SuOurts. Worth) Ftapers. 
GorepUr te UmgurafOi) 45 61 53 55 

EXPEraaCED general and business 
Engfek traras needed <ul and pait-ama 
tor Pans ad subrabs. UMnum 2 yeas 
topenence wfo atUte. Send CV to to 
0251 HT. 92521 tody Cedex Franca 

is tookng lor a paiHire Engfish iachtf 
governess from 4«l to ftPM Referenc- 
es requrad. Tet +33 (0)1 45 H 80 74. 

PAGE 10 


Aiming at a Rapidly Moving Target 

French business schools are striving to match the pace of change in today 's business world. 

F rance is playing a leading role in the move towani to train managers for French companies ooeratinp in 
European union and in recent years has boosted its France, and until relatively recently th^J Tas hKSh£ 
amauiveness to international investors and com pa- sis on international issues. “Generally speaking, French 
n«es s«?king a European location - attracting some 350 business schools and the types of S^eeTta 
major foreign business investments in 1996. Yet within its are still not very well know 
border the country continues to be troubled by high lev- Jean-Piene Boiiivon, director-geared 
els of unemployment and business uncertainty. ness school in " 

els of unemployment and business uncertainty. 

How well and in what ways do French business schools 
help to prepare tomorrow’s executives for the business 
challenges that face France at home and abroad? What are 
employers looking for in French business school gradu- 
ates. and what are schools doing to meet these require- 

“Because of the rapid pace of change in the business 

inrlrl an/I 1 V 

T - K ^ ! mange in me ousmess Accordingly, we are aiming at core 

menial h a i. large ' 2^ ha A rc . to can y ou t tonda- niche areas,” Mr. Boisivon expIainT 

mental changes in the way French business schools are 

mental changes in the way French business schools are 
stiuctured and how they operate” comments Patrick 
Molle. director general of ESC Lyon (the Lyon Graduate 
Business School). “For example, in our own case, we are 
carrying out important financial and intellectual invest- 
ments in areas such as research, information technologies 
and entrepreneurship studies." 

D l n ■- 

, . , guibioj ui uic CXSaCLlL. DUS 1 - 

rwss school in the Paris-region new town of Cenrv- 
Pointoise. bJ 

Finding a niche 

At the same time, we do not have the means to compete 
^ross the board with big international institutions like 
Harvard, London Business School and INSEAD. 
Accordingly, we are aiming at competitive advantage in 
niche ’ Mr Rm'di/nn Ainim',. *~ 

— — — UIUUUC IUA^ 

at Jouy-en-Josas near Pans, stresses the need for ever 
greater international emphasis in business teaching. 
Around 20 of the students following our basic three-year 
degree course now spend part of this period studying in 
roreign universities in Europe. Asia and America, plus tak- 
ing on corporate internships abroad,” be says. 

Tl ~ French business school system, whose origins date 

uuDivuil CApifllllS. 

Degree programs specializing in luxury goods, the hotel 
and restaurant sector, agribusiness and urban management 
prcmde examples. ESSEC is also seeking to export some 
of this specialized know-how by establishing similar 

spSf part,K ' s in Budapest ’ -» 

rommon with other French business schools, we are 

Bernard Ramanantsoa. director-general of Groupe HEC cumndv'S wit “‘’" .French b ““ aess schools - we 

- - -- — . — -WHUOUJI.IVII y uciuamis ana 

trends, which are in fact complementary.” says Georges 
Vtala,. director-general of ESC Bordeaux. “For instance, 
clients want us to be more rigorous academically, yet more 
pragmatic, to provide more ad hoc teaching, yet at the 
same time to award more degrees and to "deliver cus- 
tomized courses that can also be standardized.” 

As a result, the school is developing in several different 
lTEC lions at once. “Fnr ineraiw* uw m, 

hack to the end of the last «ntutywas tevetopsdinitialfy dXXttiSSSZSSfiSl 

^ s ^-.P T 9^ am str H cture s that combine team projects with 
individual instruction, and we are strengthening the appli- 
cation of techniques that permit students to alternate study 
penods at school with internships in businesses." says Mr. 

7 ' ^ Costing the academic achievement 
level required of staff, investing in information technolo- 
gies and widening the scope of our student-exchange pro- 
grams to include Latin America and Asia,” he adds. The 
school is also setting up new teaching institutes in cooper- 
ation with local partners in Vietnam and Beijing. These 
aim at both local and multinational corporate needs. 

Guide To Doing Business 
in France 

Published by tbe American Chamber of Commerce 
in France and the American Embassy in Paris 

Lists 1000 US. firms in France, economic 
and political trends, investment climate, 
information for marketing U.S. products. 

For fu rtf ter information, please phone tbe 
American Chamber of Commerce in France 
at 33.1.40 ”3.89.90 or e-mail us at 

Adapting to new career trajectories 
“Managers’ careers and businesses themselves no longer 
progress on a straight linear basis tbe way they used to do,” 
says Afesa Demouche, director-general of the Nantes 
business school (ESC Nantes) in western France. “To 

address toe learning needs arising from this situation, we 
nave replaced toe old subject-matter teaching departments 
with a new structure based on areas of competence,” he 
says. Key areas include human resources, entrepreneur- 
snip, organization, analysis, decision-making, markets 
strategies and effectiveness. * 

Public-private cooperation 

French business schools - which are often linked to local 
chambers of commerce - operate under a different system 
tram toe country’s public-sector universities. Traditionally, 
toere was hole cooperation between the two systems, ev«i 
though a number of French universities such as Paris 
S™ 11111 well-respected management programs. 
Partly because of economic pressures, this picture is now 

ESC Toulouse, tor example, is examining ways to 

develop doctoral programs jointly with toe university sec- 
tor, and Nantes already operates a joint doctoral program' 
with the university of Poitiers. The same pressures are also 
encouraging French schools more with one anoth-" 
ct and with foreign institutions in areas such as research 
and information technology. 

HEC is launching a scheme with partner institutions in 
* e Netherlands. Italy, Austria and.Spain aim^S 
“ can ? 0111 economics research and 

!?nFISS e stUd,es for clients. “Another impor- 

tant trend is a move toward part-time courses and compa- 
ny-specific programs devised to answer the needs of indi- 
vidual companies, says Andres Atenza, director of ESC 
Tbulouse. Tor example, we have recently ran raanage- 

5HL£jy®E“. fcr ^ CnMit Agricole bank andtoe 
Depeche du Midi newspaper,” he adds. 

Michael Rowe 



We are one of at rope ’s 

institutions m the field 

-Groupe ESCNA 


Foumkd i„ 1900. 5 320 alumni 1 200 student, a 
top Level faculty, an international dimension built 
on partnerships w Europe. North America and Asia. 

The 1995-2000 strategic development plan offers opportunities 
for visiting faculty and international exchange students. 

graduate PROGRAM 

The Ecole Superieure de Commerce 

Students are selected on a national basis through a ri°orous 
competitive examination. 5 " a urous 

**!““« faCU,I > and Sluden,s - Three years of study 
praaical cxperien “ and *««■ 

RESEARCH center 

KOIA-s full lime faculty cany out various research activities in 
the food industry, banking, the economic sirateaies of cities and 
regional funding stretegies. " ““ 


^ BA in cooperation with the University of 

sssaassar ,UKM ““ 

“iiSS" ia '” aaasem ™ for s,ud '"“ 

5paia,iztd ™ 


With the University of Potter,. 1 m ‘■ 00 P cnu,on 

EURO*MBA : distance learning MBA based on nersonnl 
Wtonng with advanced technologies. Program in cooperation S 
sis European Institutions. ™ 



MRA P reparilTg students for the 

MBA diploma in the US. IF AM offers a complete business 
program m management taught in English with both an: 

□ Undergraduate Program (2 to 3 ye are in Paris! 

n and a 

U Dynamic broad-based MBA Program i4 months in Paris, 
7-12 months m the US). 

□ ffAM is closely associated with Northeastern University. 
Babson College in Boston, University of San Diego, Pace 
University in New York... 

□ Some students have completed their MBA at the 
prestigious US universities Harvard. Wharton, 
University of Chicago, Duke, McGill, NYU 


nwrmiT francmmemcain de management 

ttaolissement cfenseignement supdrieur technique priv6 
19 me C6pn6 - 75015 Paris - France. 

Tej^OI 47 34 38 23 - Fax: 01 47 83 31 72 

Development, the Ckapitre des Grandes Ecoles de Management 

L Groupe ESCNA - Nantes Graduate School of Management 
8 route de bTonefi&e- BP 31222- 44312 NANTES Cede* i 
Tel : 33 2 40 37 34 34 - Fax ;33 2A0 37 34 07 
• - ■h%y/wtnv4scnair - 

Learning the Manager’s Craft 

A Apprentices get paid work experience, and employers get breaks on social-security charges 

pprenneeships, a traditional means of training decided to take this nnrioo i->™ ® 

entrants to toe older professions and skilled crafts! grovrimr bec ^ sc we noted a 

have roots in toe Middle Ages. Now French busi- says Grenoble’s direc- 

□ess schools are starting to investigate the benefits of who sraduatStoS ** apprentices 

applying sumlar techniques to management education, coraiS^?S?h£h to? v 1 ^ 1 ™“?“?' with toe 
with programs that mix classroom learning and salaried AtESC^ were apprenticed, 
work experience over a two-year period. denre sou , tbeastem France, seven stu- 


2*°'® c ®™ - .with each.” Employers taking apprentices S wU 2 uItimatel y adopt appren- 

from ESSRC -i-Ha r he Paribas and Soctete «n6rale a minority SS” ^ ^ titwiJI re ™ 

Patrick Mode. ’ y Lyon s director-general, 

HlinPOc toi vt LaMviHAA I 1 ^ 

from ESSEC include the 
banking groups. 

ESC Grenoble in southeastern France launched an 
apprenticeship program three years ago, and it now boasts 
/u apprentices out of the current year's class of 228. “We 


Executive Master’s 

• Dual degree MS/Execuirve MBA 
program combining 
American expertise 
and European multicultural diversity’ 

» Selected international participants 
drawn mainly from Europe and the US 

► 7 two-week instructional sessiuns 
on campus at ESC ROUEN 
and at PURDUE over 2 years 

l Instruction in English 
by an international faculty with 
an applied decision-making focus 

1 AACSB accredited 

/or prof rwfciwlj trim tri\h to expand 

iMrmamagcmem stOj trtlb ujfrbat 
prrsfxxtipe and enhance ibHr cmver optima 

Pl'kDI E Unhcrw HCra/mcn i » «w nf Ihr i«p 20 

Arwnun lUi-gnt". .<ttn»iL'. 

EiC ROl.'EN IKCHIRN (iruliulr „| VLiruu^TX-ni) 

u A IcadlrJK French Kjrenik U.ilc- 
Octatii from 

,v « turn wax ■ esc mi. r.\ 

BP IBS ■ -* ijc Mont iamt- U&Mn t'vdn - hRASt'± 

T&; 33 (0)232 82 74 02 
Fox . 33 (0) 235 7 6 06 6 > 

ESftUl ■ Xu.tft-.finruin it {tea -mum fr 

Progresser dans votre carriere 
sans quitter votre emfloi 


Patrick Mode. 


®,° rdeaiw - a similar 

be "^ ^ 

^^JoSflSnJSS.' receive a salary 
a month. S700-S^ 

usual social security chLS WO ? t of ^ 

employ management apnmices to 

one level, tow may beTffmni^Ll5Lr rff l rcnl reason s. At 
Mr- Bernard, '^ o toe? S says 

chance to students who^SuldTS *J2L!|? h ^ ve a 
finanaal means to follow a ton othenv,se h ave the 
Whether or not they anagem ? nt cou «e-'’ 

most French business > s*Sjf s now^ oES CeShip fo F Tnu,a « 

ship options. For exampl^c RoiL^hl 0 ^ rate “ ,ntera ' 
program so that second- vear etiJS 60 Just revised its ytt 
ftench and intemaiionj inteSm ^ 

dents can opt to spend a full vear in ■ tern f £iv ely« stu- 

third toe 

South of France raw tiT^premi^ hto^o^ 001 “ ^ 

mg toe first and second years of rh^ k 10 q fausiness d ur- 
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starting work in the ^mebusinL students 

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! |U 


A Broad Market: 
Specialized MBAs 

Most French MBA programs are general 
management courses designed to train 
executives, who can get the whole picture of 
the various functions that drive their firms in 
today's globally competitive environment. 
To meet the demands of certain industries, 
however, some schools are developing MBAs 
with specializations. Elective classes focused 
on the area of specialization are usually 
taken in the second part of the degree 
course, once the required, or core, subsfects 
are out of the way. Once offered mostly in 
traditional, on-campus MBA programs, 
specialization Is reaching Into other markets, 
like short-term executive education and 
customized in-company seminars. 

Selling an image 

Three years ago. when considering a move into the market 
tor full-time MBA programs, the ESSEC Graduate School 
of Management decided right away to run a specialized 
course. Adding another “regular” degree to the hundreds 
available would do nothing for its Internationa] visibility, 
the school felL 

Though ESSEC is well-koown in France, its French-lan- 
guage - and francocentric — grande ecole curriculum 
effectively kept non-Gauls out- The private school, located 
in the Paris suburb of Cergy-Pontoise, wanted an English- 
language global degree to draw foreign students. 

A little research revealed a market niche. In 1 994, luxu- 
ry companies were finding it hard to lure managers who 
met the industry's executive profile: people with down-to- 
earth sales savvy, plus the ability to communicate the “lux- 
ury” side to goods, which, as the industry sees it. is often 
abstract and based on image. Luxury-goods managers 
need to be able to sell items that may be more symbolic 
than functional. Not an easy message for your average 
consumer, and different from selling soap. 

_ Polling 30 lop executives, ESSEC found that luxury 
firms, failing to find candidates, recruited from other 
industries. The method was not always satisfactory. “If 
you’re from the mass-market sector, you might lack the 
special touch that makes you a good luxury-product man- 
ager," says Michel Gutsatz, the school's MBA program 
director. Thus was bom ESSEC's MBA specializing in 
luxury-brands management. It was launched in the fall of 
1995 with 17 students. 

Mr. Gutsatz, who designed the course, took basic MBA 
requirements and added 60 percent new, industry-specific 
material: classes on luxury-goods marketing and law, 
counterfeiting, logos and trademarks, international distrib- 
ution and licensing, and “managing creativity” AD topics, 
he says, that would never be found in a garden-variety 
MBA program. 

' .To round oiil students’ appreciation of upscale goods, 
seminars on fashion and wine-tasting were thrown in. as 
were visits to nearby L’Orcal and Louis Vuitton factories. 

Specialized MBA programs often offer a privileged rela- 
tionship with one industry, which creates closer ties 
between students and companies. At ESSEC, each partici- 
pant has a private executive from a major firm as a per- 
sonal “mentor.” Mentors meet with proteges a half-dozen 
times during the M -month MBA program, advising on 
career decisions and dispensing business insights. 
Participants this year include CEOs from Christian 
Lacroix. Veuve Clicquot and Loewe, as wen as directors 
from Valentino, Cartier and Ungaro. 

Twelve of the 17 students in the first class have found 
jobs since graduating last November, and alumni of the 
program direct Louis Vuitton’s Shanghai boutique and 
MoSt-Chandon's Asia-Pacific office. This year’s class has 
20 students. The eventual target is 40, but the course will 
always remain “exclusive," ESSEC says. 

Managing IT 

With information technology, or IT, affecting every busi- 
ness sector from banking to- the perfume trade. French 
business schools are now offering TT specializations. 
Education for the information age and a curriculum for 
21st-century managers are on the menu at Theseus, where 
the MBA program highlights innovation, strategy, infor- 
mation and technology. . 

The school is located in Europe s largest scientific park, 
at Sophia-Antipolis. near Nice. Its founders introduced toe 
dearee in 1988 with a heavy dose of technical studies. But 
Theseus has since dropped the techno-MBA, kept the IT 
focus and broadened the scope. Instead of emphasizing 

Customized training 

Many schools are narrowing the focus of their programs 
even further. Management development centers originate 
customized courses for specific companies. 

A recent offering from ESC Lyon's Centre de 
Developpemem du Management, toe school's ongoing- 
training arm. is a certificate program for engineers from 
France's Alcatel- Alsihom group. The center received its 
first 25 students in July 19% and welcomes its second 
batch in March. 

When companies link up with raanagemenL-educarion 
institutions to conceive tailor-made courses, they get the 
best of both worlds: an outsider’s vision and professional 
pedagogy built around the firm's own methods, strategic 
objectives and corporate culture. 

This son of naming differs from classes open to the gen- 
eral public. Says Maurice Ballaz, who runs the center. 


Your M.B.A. in PARIS and the U.S. 

The best from Europe and America 
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“Business Education 
in France” 
was produced in its 
{entirety by the Advertising 
Department of the 
International Herald 
Tribune . 

Tomorrow's Education 
Week section will be 
devoted to “ International 
Education in Germany 
j and Austria." 

(Writers: Josluta Jampot 

~ j and Michael Rowe. 

- 5 both based in Paris. 
Karen A. SheMer-Wilso^ 
Program Director: 
Bill Mahder. 

SSTuice twfmich; 






Tomorrow’s 5,udies 

M ":: Challenges 



Internet Seminar Begins - March 22 
Free Information Session 
Technical Writing - March 25 

Division of Continuing Education 

102, rue St. Dominique 

75007 Paris * 


Call today: O! 40 62 07 20 ij 

Fax: Q1 47 05 3432 ) 

Email: summers ■ 





Oi V\Hl< 




in specialized programs, students focus on the management 
stdBs demanded by a particular industry. 

hardware and systems, it now trains executives to manage 
IT- which is. after all, whai companies warn. The program 
teaches exploring toe Internet and electronic commerce, 
but also the humanities, logic and communication slrills. 
Even with the new syllabus, Theseus claims its MBA pro- 
vides more IT courses to an any other. 

Students get personal computers, and assignments link 
them to cyberspace and to each other. A two-month con- 
sulting project has also shed its technical concentration 
and deals with market-strategy issues for high-tech firms. 
Recent projects have included an Intranet program for a 
Nordic telecoms manufacturer and outsourcing in Eastern 
Europe for a top computer maker. 

INSEAD has also heard the call for IT training. Demand 
at the Fontainebleau campus is not limited to the MBA; toe 
trend is also seen in executive education and tailored, in- 
company seminars. 

Though INSEAD offers a general management MBA, 
students can take a growing number of IT electives. Two- 
month courses (teal with IT for managers. IT and business 
strategy, multimedia and groupware, and IT in business 
process re-engineering. A new class in cyber-entrepreneur- 
ship will debut in May, examining business and service 
start-up opportunities on the IntemeL 
IT is becoming a basic management skill so quickly, in 
fact, that INSEAD may add a class to its required MBA 
courses. Chances of this are “very likely," says Albert 

Mr. Angehm directs a new Center for Advanced 
Learning Technologies (CALT), which offers MBA stu- 
dents research and project opportunities. One recent pro- 
gram sent three students to LLS cities, including 
Hollywood, to study the future of digital entertainmenL 
Students are E-mailed news of the half-dozen yearly pro- 
jects. which are equivalent to electives, and on average 
three are chosen to take part. Their research is recycled 
back inro INSEAD's knowledge base, where it becomes 
fodder for ftirure professorial publications. 

“You’re dealing with people who share com- 
mon values. They’ ve worked together. This 
means you need a minimum of knowledge 
about them. You have to leam their jargon, 
the technical side to their products and marketing aspects. 
It takes lots of preparation before you’re ready to go in and 

The ESC Lyon-Alcatel course was written by both part- 
ners, who share teaching duties. The English-language 
program targets Alcatel's experienced (five to 10 years) 
international managers who head complex programs; they 
are people from worldwide subsidiaries with multicultural 
staffs and global customers. The goal is to give them a 
more complete vision of their, and their firm's, activities. 

This is supplied in four weeks of core courses taught by 
ESC Lyon, followed by electives on narrower aspects of 
industrial marketing, personal development and other 
issues important to toe firm. Instructors from top European 
institutions like the London Business School make guest 
teaching appearances. Participants work on several pro- 
jects during toe two-to- three-year program. 

Companies are fond of this approach, which 
zeroes in on their message and trains their 
people the way they want. But made-to- 
order courses can lack elements normally « — . 

found in traditional training, where the 
school oversees everything. For exam- 
ple, in-house seminars are more tightly 
concentrated on a single sector, such as 
telecoms in the case of the Alcatel pro- 
gram. This means that significant issues that 
are not directly related may be ignored. They like- 
wise lack the mix of experience, companies and cultures 
that are probably the main draw of open business educa- 
tion. An international student body allows participants to 
measure themselves against others in class and gain 
insights on how things are done outside their own firms. 





Future leaders in the aerospace industry have their pick of 
two courses, both in Toulouse, the heart of French space 
and aeronautics country. 

ESC Toulouse will begin offering a new specialized 
master's degree in aviation iransport beginning this fall. 
The program examines airline companies and related busi- 
nesses in five areas: their role in the global economy, legal 
aspects, marketing and financial strategies, human 
resources management and future perspectives. 

The program, which is to debut in October, combines 
general management training with focused instruction in 
the aviation sector and includes in-company projects. It is 
designed for executives in airline companies, aircraft-man- 
ufacturing firms and the tourist trade, and seeks to build a 
class of non-technical managers in these industries. 

The one-year program consists of six months of classes 
( Ocrober-March 1 , plus a five-month company internship. 
Students have another month to write a thesis. Teaching ( in 
French l is delivered in 13 modules, each lasting one to two 

weeks and treating a single subject, such as 
European civil aviation or financial man- 
agement of airline firms. Instruction is han- 
dled by professors and professionals from 
firms like Air France and AOM. 

Dominique Bonnet, director of the new program, says 
that not all students will follow the degree course, since 
participants are free to take one module at a time. French 
applicants will need a boccalounkU, the French secondary- 
school diploma, plus five years’ further study; non-French 
candidates should have equivalent diplomas. 

A program for professionals only is available at ECATA 
[European Consortium for Advanced Training in 
Aerospace!. Though not an MBA, it aims to provide engi- 
neers with experience in managing multinational projects 
and in other areas outside the scientific spheres of toe busi- 
ness in which they normally operate. 

Created by industry' professionals for their peers, the 
course has a precise raison d'etre: facilitate future growth 
and European competitiveness by training technicians 
with skills in cross-border projects and team management. 
“It’s an observatory for European needs, then a 
training center for engineers once those needs 
have been identified," explains Alain 
Lacombe, ECATA's administrator. 

The founding partners include 
European aerospace schools and firms: 
Cranfield University in Britain; the 
Department of Aerospace Engineering at 
the University of Pisa in Italy; France's 
Ecole Nationale Sup£rieure de I* Aeronautique 
et de I'Espace; Madrid Polytechnic University of 
Spain; technical universities in Delft. Munich and 
Stockholm; Aerospatiale and Dassault of France; Alenia of 
Italy; British Aerospace; Daimler-Benz Aerospace of 
Germany; and Saab of Sweden. 

The partners saw the need for a conceited industry 
focus, since no single country can go it alone in space any- 
more. Teamwork, ECATA's originators decided, was 
essential to the sector's long-term health. The English-lan- 
guage program, which is offered yearly and has produced 
120 graduates, is devoted to building cooperation, and it 
will focus on global alliances and mergers - the newest 
elements in a sector undergoing major change. 

Students must be employed; most have two to three 
years' work experience. They study at Sup’ Aero in 
Toulouse. France's national graduate aeronautics and 
space school, which oversees toe program, and travel to 
technical universities in Delft, Munich. Stockholm and 
Madrid. Participants (there are 20 in each class) alternate 
between on-campus sessions and periods back on the job. 

Joshua Jampol 



If you want to shape your career to meet the 
challenges of a complex and changing business 
environment, join our innovative, international 
MBA programs: 

• International MBA: Full-Time 1 year 

• International Executive MBA: 16 months, 
modular with no disruption from work. 

“Taking you beyond national and 
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European School of Management 

Fqt further information ^please contact-. 
MBA Office 

EAP, European School of Management 
6, av. de la Pone de Champerret. 
75838 PARIS cedex 17 
Tel: 01 44 09 33 32/31 - Fax: 01 44 09 33 35 



AH courses in English 
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One year on an American 


Preparation for 

Announcing the 
“Advanced Management 
Programme” from the 
International Business School 

29 June- 2.5 July 1997 
28 September - 24 October 1997 

Wc live id an era of 
unrelenting competition. 
Companies that were 
acclaimed successes only 
recently often straggle 
to survive. Yesterday's 
solutions rarely apply. 

How can you ensure 
short icrm success 
whilst adapting to long 
term change? You tnusi 
discard old hierarchies, 
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Out aim is not a reach- In. \l is 
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research of our [acuity. We offer no 
glib recipes for success. You develop 
practical ideas to meet vonr 
company’s needs and your own 
through case history analysis; 
interaction wtih participants and 
lecturers; and elective sessions. The 
emphasis Is on developing the 
questioning mind, because It Is not 
what so much as how you think and 
learn that determines success at 
leadership level. 

By seeing the problems faced 
by fellow participants from other 
cultures and businesses vou raise 
your mind from narrow issues 

peculiar 10 your own 
business and industry. 

You learn what 
works besi for other 
companies around ihe 
wortd; how (o manage 
strategic change 
confidently; how to 
reassess your own 
priorities and work 
bener wilh others; and 
how to develop and 
exploit your leadership skills so as 
m manage your resources and those 
of your, him bener. 

The programme lasts for an 
intense and demanding four weeks; 
short, yet long enough to rrDcci and 
experiment with ideas. And the 
benefits last throughout your career 
the worldwide network of 1NSEYD 
alumni has some 16.CW0 members. 
Past pania paws consistently cue 
ihe value of this, both personally 
and in business. 

To receive a comprehensive 
brochure immediately, call Janet 
Bordillai on 33 (0) 1 00 72 42 90. 
e-mail or return 
the coupon below. 


Our new programme brochure m now available 

| Fax the completed details below with your business card to us on | 
33 (0) I 60 74 55 13. e-mail or post them (o | 

INSEAD Executive Education, Boulevard de Constance. 77305 
Fontainebleau Cedex, France. 

Name . 

First Name. 

. Mr/Ms/Dr_ 

. Job Title_ 

Company Name 

Company Address . 

Post code/Z i pc ode . 



| Telephone. 



PAGE 12 




OECD Says Gains in U.S. and European Stocks May Be ‘ 

By Carl Gewiitz 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — In striking contrast to the 
warnings sounded by officials about the 
exuberance driving stock prices in the 
United States and Europe to record 
levels, a report by the Organization for 
Economic Cooperation and Develop- 
ment said this weekend that * ‘die recent 
high levels in equity markets may prove 

Without referring to the public state- 
ment by the chairman of the Federal 
Reserve Board. Alan Greenspan, about 
"irrational exuberance" in financial 
markets or the repeated warnings from 
the Bank for International Settlements 
that investor euphoria appears to be 
blurring the assessment of risk, die 
March edition of the organization's Fi- 
nancial Market Trends said “funda- 
mental structural changes" might have 

marie equity markets "more efficient.’' 

These changes include not only cor- 
porate restructurings in North America 
and Europe but also more active share- 
holder monitoring that is driving man- 
agement to focus on producing solid 
return to investors. 

" Man y companies are responding to 
demands for shareholder value by cutting 
costs and discontinuing acti vities that 
cannot dear profit ‘hurdles,’ " the report 
said. "Other reflections of growing 
shareholder power are rising dividend 
payouts and/or share buybacks." 

“Most equity markets in OECD 
countries are not obviously overvalued, 
as measured by price-earnings ratios, 
despfo*- the run-up of share prices,' ’ the 
report added. 

But the organization warned, “The 
current hubris in equity markets has its 
worrisome aspects." 

The report specifically cited the 

erosion of "traditionaJ equity premiums 
over fixed-income investments" and 
cautioned that demand for equities 
could outrun supply and thereby drive 
prices to unsustainable levels. 

It also said the “limited experience’ ’ 
of those providing much of the money 
flowing into equities might expose 
stocks to a sharp sell-off as such in- 
vestors "may be unaccustomed to the 
periodic corrections that characterize 
equity markets." 

"’nuis,’' the report said, "it will be 
important for both market participants 
and officials to be vigilant in view of the 
risk of speculative excesses." 

The report attributed some of the in- 
creased demand for equities not only to 
the ongoing disinflation in OECD coun- 
tries but also to the reduction in budget 
deficits that will reduce the supply of 
government bonds. 

High-profile sell-offs of state-owned 

assets, it said, "may facilitate the nec- 
essary switch from investment, in bonds 
to placements in equities." Such pri- 
vatizations could amount to a record 
S 100 billion this year, the report added, 
with an estimated $30 billion of that total 
coming from non-OECD countries. 

The repent forecast particularly high 
levels of privatization activity fits year 
in Spain ($11.5 billion), Japan ($8.7 
billion) and Australia ($7.1 billion). 

Outside the grouping of industrial- 
ized nations, Brazil was likely to have 
the largest privatization program, the 
report said, with the partial sale of the 
mining conglomerate Companhia Vale 
do Rio Doce expected to be the coun- 
try’s largest single transaction. 

The report noted that international 
placements of equities last year totaled a 
record $58 billion, against $4 1 billion in 
1996. including not only privatizations 
but also initial public offerings by 

private companies as well as additional 
offerings try publicly traded companies. 

Total fin airing on die international 
capital markets last year was $1-57 tril- 
lion, the report estimated. Bonds 
amounted to a record $7) ) billion, me- 
dium-term offerings $375 billion and 
syndicated loans $34 3 billion, with oth- 
er vehicles making up the rest 

By nationality, the largest users of the 
market were in the United States ($405 
billion), Germany ($178 billion), and 
Britain (Si 17 billion). Japanese bor- 
rowers, who raised $121 billion in 1995, 
accounted for only $85 billion in 1996. 

■ Offshore Funds Worry Bankers 

The world’s financial system is se- 
riously at risk from structural faults in 
the offshore banking system, a report 
Sunday quoted a Bank for International 
Settlements meeting as saying. Agerice 
France-Press reported from Loudon. 

The Sunday Business in London ^ 
ported that it had seen tbeminut»fi^ta^l 
. TTwwtrifio of the bodv inati 

- i 

mumuna mi minii wMw 

senior bankets warned that legSmjgg™ 
structures faced immediate danger 
the volume of "dirty money - 

from the drug trade — - entering tbe^syg; 
tem via offshore banking centered,; 

The weekly saicT that mexjt of tfieilsL; - 
known offshore centers were ehfief Sg 
adequately regulated or not regulated^ 
all. The Offshore Banking Ghgto; 
which has only 19 members., bae BIS ■» 
observer status, it noted. ; \ vi .v! 

David Smout, the Bank of England's W 
representative ar .tfae xneeting, had;:dr-J 1 
gued t hat banking links with unreg- 
ulated or suspect offshore centers^ 
should be halted immediately, the sotoef 
said, and representatives of the Buncfes-; 

Kan k- and the Bank of France had* 
seconded the recommendation. .• 

Most Active International Bonds 

The 250 most active International bonds traded 
through the Euroctear system for the week end- 
ing March 14. Prices supplied by Tedekura. 

Ru k Nome Cpti Mofortty Price YleW 

Belgian Fran c 

177 Belgium 
243 Belgium 

tormo im?oo 7.5100 
04/29/9 9 106X800 6X900 

British Pound 

226 Westpac Bank 
234 Brft Tieas Stock 
245 Abbey Naif TS 

7>4 12/37/02 1002500 7.2300 
m 06/07/02 983750 4.9900 
6% 03/1 002 99.9000 42600 
7 11/0601 100.0000 7.0000 

7&fc 12/3032 100X750 7-5600 

Canadian Dollar 

250 Canada 

6W 0WJV99 103.9050 62600 

Danish Krone 

5 Denmark 
20 Denmark 
25 Denmark 

27 Denmark 

28 Denmark 
31 Denmark 
36 Denmark 
40 Denmark 
48 Denmark 

69 Real Kiedtt Den 
87 Nyk/wftf 3 Cs 
93 Denmark 
101 Denmark 
118 Denmark 
182 Denmark 
204 Unltaedft 
228 ReaikrecOt Dan 

8 03/15/04 110.4600 7.2400 
8 11/1 5/01 1113 700 7.1800 

7 11/1024 96-8500 7-2300 

8 05/15413 111-3000 7.1900 

9 11/1500 11380 7.9400 

9 11/15/98 1074000 8-3500 

7 11/15/07 103X500 6.7700 

6 12/10/99 1034500 5.7900 

7 12/15B4 1052000 44500 

4 1001/26 89X000 67000 
4 1001/24 894000 67100 
4 02/15/99 1D3L300Q 5-8100 
7 08/15/97 101.0600 69300 

6 11/15/02 102.7000 54400 

4 02/1500 99.1000 4.0400 

4 KW1/24 894000 67100 

7 1001/24 965500 7XS00 

Rnk mum 

97 Treulwnd 

98 Germany 
102 Germany 
104 Germany 
107 Germany 
111 Germany 
115 Germany 
117 Treuhand 
121 Germany 

123 Treuhand 
125KFW ■ 

124 Siemens Coord 

130 Germany 
138 Germany 
144 Germany 
148 Germany Tbllls 

154 Germany 

155 Cap Credit Card 
162 Germany 

167 Germany 
176 Germany 
191 Mexico 
198 Germany 

201 Germany TblUs 

202 Dei Fin 

207 Germany 

208 Germany 
211 Germany 
2M Germany 

218 Bayer \feretnsbk 
220 Germany 
222Suedwest LB 

240 Germany 

241 German States 

242 Germany 
244 Germany 

249 Ba Credit Card 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield Rnk Name 

Cm Maturity Price YleU 

5*i 04/29/99 104-0500 5X300 
6tk 05/20/99 1068900 5S400 
4tti 05/2098 1038500 61700 
89i 07/21/97 1014425 8.1200 
07/20/00 113.4900 7JOO0 
01/02/99 104.7883 6/2000 
0&/3O98 101.0499 54900 
02/24/99 1058400 65000 
01/14/99 1 02J1 00 48900 
12/17/98 102.2300 48900 
06/2Sm 103-2300 59300 
02/21/00 109.9400 78500 
54* 09/24/98 102.9600 54400 
5Vj 03/12/07 978500 58400 
03/12/07 98.0000 58100 
11/25/99 107.4367 65000 
05/22/00 11X3300 7J200 
02/25198 101.7033 51400 
12/02/98 105.2400 6-5300 
1 0/22/03 1048289 57300 
UV20/97 1028800 78300 
04ri8/97 99.7338 2.7400 
11/20/97 1012600 5.1800 
54* 06/15/01 101)132 54400 
8 03/20/97 100.0725 7.9900 
64k 01/20/98 1028500 52200 
514 05/28/99 104.1100 55200 
891 09/10/04 104-3500 7.7900 
61* 02mm 10X5700 60900 
zero 07/16/97 98.9180 11300 
4Vft 12/26/01 1018000 64600 
06/1 4/98 10X8200 61400 
01/20/30 1065100 68800 
01/20/96 1028500 64500 
OV20/99 1065400 65700 
03/12/07 99.4300 60300 
UV2Q/98 1028500 51200 
09/12/05 100.0000 
03/2096 10X6900 5.9400 
08/21/061038900 60600 
1 0/20/97 10X2400 7.0900 
X99S309/3OO4 99J2000 38200 
6 11/1505 10X6800 58300 


Italian Lira 






6 Vt 










159 Italy 
170 Italy 
185 Italy 
227 Italy 

10<4 0401/05 1(58200 9.1300 
9 Vi 0201/01 107-3200 88500 
TVs 110104 101.4000 78400 
101* 090105 1160400 98500 

Japanese Yen 

186 World Bank 
188Dahva Budding 



12/2004 1165793 4.0700 
04/16/02 998923 2.0000 

Spanish Peseta 

206 Spain 

58000040006 11X4740 78200 

Swedish Krona 

73 Sweden 
122 Sweden 1034 
129 Sweden 
205 Sweden 

11 01/21/99 110.6880 9.9400 
10>* 050500 114.0182 8.9900 
5V* 04/1202 973190 5.6200 
10<r> 050503119.9990 55400 

U.S. Dollar 










Deutsche Mark 

Dutch Guilder 

1 Germany 

2 Germany 
4 Germany 

6 Germany 

7 Germany 
9 Germany 

10 Germany 

12 Germany 

13 Germany 

16 Treuhand 

17 Germany 

18 Germany 

19 Treuhand 

22 Germany 

23 Treuhand 

24 Germany 

29 Germany 

30 Germany 

32 Germany 

33 Germany 

34 Treuhand 

35 Germany 

37 Treuhand 

38 Germany 

39 Germany 
44 Germany 

46 Treuhand 

47 Germany 

49 Germany 

50 Germany 

51 Germany 

53 Germany 

54 Germany 

55 Germany 

57 Treulumd 

58 Germany 

40 Germany 
61 Germany 
64 Germany 
66 Treuhand 

70 Treuhand 

71 Treuhand 

72 Treuhand 

74 Germany 

75 Treuhand 

76 Germany 

77 Germany 
79 Germany 
81 Treuhand 
84 Germany 
86 Germany 
89 Germany 
91 Germany 
94 Germany 
94 Germany 

6 010407 1034157 58000 
8 01/2102 11X5800 7.0400 
6<u 04/2606 10X2350 60000 
67* 05/1 205 109.5685 62700 
6 Vi lQH 405 105.9700 61300 
m 01/03/05 111.9040 65900 
814 09/2001 1158886 7.1700 

5 08/20/01 101.7400 4.9100 

6 0105/06 102-5200 58500 
7lft 09/09/04 112-5400 66600 
64 01/04/24 969150 64500 

6 02/16/06 102-7091 5.8400 
71* 12/02/02 1114800 66200 
31ft 12/1808 978390 38800 
7Vs 01/2 9/03 1 10.2643 64400 
4* 11/20,4)1 1008414 4.7200 
07/22/02 1144300 7.0000 
1 0/20/00 115,1100 78300 
09/18/98 99.9200 3X000 
02/21/01 10X8700 5.1000 
07/09/03 1078567 61500 
05(21/01 10X4948 48700 
1 04)1/02 11X1900 6-8500 
07/1503 1078500 60700 
11/21/00 10X5500 58000 
12/20/00 115.1933 7.7000 
05/13/04 108.1471 62400 
02/30/01 114.1125 -78500 
12/22/97 10X7200 48100 
05/1580 104.9633 58000 
08/22/00 1065600 58000 
03/1900 1008703 64800 
01/1X00 1078500 64900 
09/15/99 1067900 63200 
07/01/99 105-4800 60400 
1 1/1 WM 1128856 68400 
04/22(03 108,4933 62200 
01/22/01 1158967 7.7800 
08/2001 1160600 7-5400 
11/12/03 1063625 5J5Q0 
03/26/90 10X7240 5.9600 
04/23/03 107.1100 60700 
0911/03108.9900 63100 
12/20/02 1107050 64400 
WM/04 1058500 5.9300 
06/20/16 965971 62100 
8% 05/21/01 1162300 7X300 
B 09/22/97 102-3300 7-8200 
07/29/99 105X900 5.9300 
07/15/04 108X650 42300 
02/20/98 10X3400 5X600 
09/15/03 1048233 5.7200 
10/21/02 110.9400 65400 
R* 02/22/99 10X2297 5-2100 
SI* 08/21/00 11X1133 78100 








61 <i 










6 *. 













6 Vi 

7k i 

42 Netherlands 

43 Netherlands 
83 Netherlands 
85 Netherlands 
95 Netherlands 
136 Netherlands 
145 Netherlands 
147 Netherlands 
150 Netherlands 
157 Nathertands 
160 Netherlands 
164 Netherlands 
171 Netherlands 
175 Netherlands 

180 Netherlands 

181 Netherlands 
194 Siemens Pin 

196 Netherlands 

197 Netherlands 
199 Netherlands 
209 Netherlands 
21 3 Netherlands 
225 Netherlands 
237 Netherlands 
246 Netherlands 

51* 02/15/07 101X000 5.6800 
6tt 07/l«98 1038100 60400 

6 01/15/06 10X4500 5,8000 

Vh 01/15/23 115.1000 65200 
81* 03/1*01 114X000 78400 
9 01/15(01 115.70 7.7800 

61* 11/15/05 10X5000 62200 
7Vj 06/15/99 107.7000 69600 

7 06/15/05 110X000 63SQ0 
81* 09/15/01 1163500 78200 
51* 09/15/02 103.9500 5X300 
5* 01/15434 10X1300 58800 
81* 02/15/02 115.1000 7.1700 
814 06/01/06 120.9500 74)300 
81* 06/15/02 1186000 7.1400 
7 03n 5/99 1060500 66000 
7V4 04/15/10 1161500 68100 
5V4 03/12/07 100.3750 5.4800 
6V 02/15/99 1084000 64000 
717 11/15/99 1087000 6900Q 
614 04/TV03 1078000 60500 
81* 09/15*07 120X000 68600 
61* 10/01/98 1048500 64600 
6'ft 07/15/98 10X7000 6X700 
71* 00/01/05 1180500 67400 
7 02/1503 1)0.1000 63600 

3 Brazil Cap S-L 4V> 
8 Argentina FRNL 6&* 
11 Argentina pari. 5V* 

14 Venezuela 6 Dl 

15 Mexico 
21 Argentina 
26 Brazil l. 

41 Brazil 

45 Venezuela parA 
52 Mexico par A 
56 IADB 
59 Brazil S-L 
62 Butgorla 
43 Ecuador 
65 Brazil 8ZI 

67 Brazil par 2 

68 Mexico 
78 ColsseA DSoc 
B0 Mexico par B 
82 Argentina 
88 KFWlnriRn 
90 Peru Pdi 
100 Bco Com Ext. 

103 Bulgaria 
106 Brazil Fed 

109 Ecuador 

110 Peru Front Lood 
112 Brazil CbondS.L 4V* 
114 Argentina L 
120 Mexico 
124 Poland 

132 Ecuador par 

133 Poland 

134 EIB 

135 British Gas 
137 Credit Local 

139 Venezuela SJV 

140 Venezuela par B 
1 42 Panama ptfl 
144 Mexico D 

0405/14 80.1127 58200 
03/2*05 84.7159 78400 
0301/23 65X188 88600 
6 Vs 12 HB/07 67.2094 7.4533 
11V; QS/1 5/24 106734410.7700 
lUft 01/3Q/17 1048818 10X900 
6vy 04/15/04 89X750 7X700 
6Vj 01/01/01 97X750 68400 
64 03/31/20 7X7500 9.1500 
61* 12/31/19 73.6875 88800 
6* 03(07/07 98.4965 67300 
6*» 04/15/12 78.7589 0X300 
691b 07/28/11 61.1134 ia7400 
6V* 02/28/15 44.0117 10.0568 
6 VS 04/15/24 80X438 8X400 
5 04/15/24 4X7188 7X500 
9"i 01/15/07 10X9732 9-5000 
6** 03/11/02 998894 68300 

Bloomberg News 

NEW YORK — In the U.S. bond 
market these days, there is no gain with- 
out pain. 

Even as the latest price reports point 
to no acceleration in inflation, the fed- 
eral Reserve Board may raise interest 
rates soon just to be sure the economy 
does not grow too quickly. 

Investors say yields could climb if the 
Fed moves. Still, many expect a rebound 
soon after because they are confident the 
central bank will keep inflation trader 

"Once dearer heads prevail,” it's a 
buying opportunity, said Steve Viel- 
haber, a money manager at Bank of 
America in Los Angeles. 

Consumer inflation was 3 percent 
through the 12 months ended in January, 
compared with 2.5 percent through 
January 1994. 

Mr. Vielbaber. along with many other 
money managers, said that one or two 
increases of 25 basis points in the Fed’s 
target rate for overnight loans between 
banks could be just what is needed to 
make sure prices do not start rising 
quickly. That could set the stage for a 

the past month that the central banka 
might use a "preemptive strike "to stow*# 
the economy, before signs of faster in- a 
Gabon appear. The economy grew atraf 
3.9 percent annual pace in thefbaftfr 
quarter, a clip that is not experied tp 
slow on its own any time soon. - 
Although some investors are betting, 
die Fed will begin raising rates when its} 
policy board next meets on March -25^§ 
they were not anticipating the snrgejnrj 
yields that resulted when the Fetf lastf 
Investors took little comfort from a began raising rates in February 1994. 
report Friday showing that producer Back then, the Fed's decision caught f 

prices unexpectedly fell 0.4 percent in many investors by surprise, and the sev^s 
February, the second decline in as many en increases in the federal funds rate £ 
months. Excluding food and energy, over a 12-month span drove Treasury^ 

- In the meantime, investors are taking 
(heir lumps. The yield on the benchmark 
30-year bond touched a six-month high 
of 6.96 percent this week as signs of 
robust consumer demand and a tight 
labor market bolstered the argument lor 
the Fed to apply the brakes to the econ- 
omy. The yield was 6.94 percent Friday, 
up 13 basis points from a week ago. 



{Rices fell 0.1 percent. 

“The report doesn’t change the feet 
that we have an economy that’s expand- 
ing," said Steven MerrelJ. a manager at 
American Express Financial Corp. in 
Minneapolis. “At some point, the Fed 
will have to tighten." 

Bonds may not get much more of alift 
from this week's report on consumer 
prices, even though it is also expected to 
show inflation remains benign. 

Traders were on guard after Fed 
Chairman Alan Greenspan said twice in 


92 France OAT 
99 France OAT 
131 France OAT 
141 France OAT 
T6l France OAT 
145 France B.TA.N. 
179 Franco OAT 
210 France OAT 
221 Britain 

229 France OAT 

230 France OAT 

7 04/25/06 109.8000 63800 
6 04/254M 1018000 5.9100 
7Vt 04/25/05 1108400 67900 
5V> W/2STO7 958100 5.7600 
814 03/1 5/02 11X2200 78100 
6 0X14/01 103.7900 5.7800 
5 01/26/99 100.9715 4.9500 
81* 04/25/22 1171ft 7X200 

91ft 04/ZS4X) 112.6600 88300 
9V* 02/21/01 1161500 7.8600 
64* 04/25(02 1065500 43400 
10 02/2401 117.5100 88100 

Finnish Markka 

232 Finland Serial s 7Vi 04/1006 1098850 48200 

French Franc 

104 France OAT 
178 France OAT 
184 France BTAN 
189 France OAT 
219 France OAT 

44* 10/25(03 109X500 6-1700 
6Vi ltm06 107.1100 6X700 
44* 04/12(99 101.8800 48600 
72* 1QX805 11X7600 68900 
Blft 10/25/08 1238500 4X900 

149 Brazil S.L 69* 04/15/09 

151 Argentina Pred 5*ft 09/01/02 

152 Mexico A 68531 12/31/19 

153 Panama Interest 3!ft 07/17/14 
156 Nigeria 
158 Canada 

163 World Bonk 

164 Argentina 
168 Mexico B 

1 72 Philippines F» 

173 Mexico 

174 Fin. Russ Min. 

183 Mexico 
187 Ontario 
190 Venezuela S.B 
192 Cafsse A D Soc 
195 World Bank 
200 Canada 

21 5 Ah Spin! Swed 

216 Poland par 

217 Ecuador Reg 

223 Mexico C 

224 Sweden 
23) MBL Inti Fin 

233 Fenav Slat 
235 Coop Cent Raff 

234 Tokyo Elec Pwr 

238 Bulgaria 

239 Brazil 

247 Ontario 

248 Abbey NatlTS 

614 12/31/19 7X6875 88800 
5H 04/01/01 1258000 4X829 
6<ft mw 968870 6.7200 
4 034)7/17 43X125 4X200 

7U 02/02/04 91X750 7.8900 
6n> 07/28/24 4X1875 10X900 
8 } ’» 11/05(01 100.9019 8X000 
4^ 02/28/25 67X000 9X400 
3'* 03/07/17 57X125 58700 
04H5/14 84X507 51800 
6% 03(31/23 81X750 7.7900 
111ft 09/15/16 105.87SD 10.7400 
6 Vi 10/27/24 98X443 64300 
3Vi 02/28/25 43X000 78700 
4 10(27/14 82.7006 4X400 

7V» 09/18(04 1 01X000 7.0200 
Zero 1 1/04/21 15X080 7.9400 
4 'ft 02/18(04 97.7500 48500 
64ft 03/188)7 848300 78500 
41* 03(31/20 72.0750 9X700 
4 07/17.16 76X011 SX500 
43516 12/2819 90X644 7.0500 
86X500 7.6100 
110 4.8844 
89X425 7X100 
76X750 4X500 
6Vi 11/15/20 67.0425 9X200 
44* 08/28/06 99.4266 O-7900 
6*ft 08/21/04 98.6552 47200 
11 1MW06 105X000108300 
6Vt 12/31/19 90.0495 70 800 

New International Bond Issues 

bonds to their worst returns in a decad&f 
in 1994. .Vj 

This time around, plenty of warnings * 
from Mr. Greenspan have already driv- J 
en bond yields higher in anticipation of a-* 
Fed move. In addition, with little ey- ? 
i dunce inflation is gathering speett hFl 
vestors expect only minor changes, in* 
monetary policy. . ' 

"Greenspan said himself that 1997 * 
isn’t .1994,” said Hugh Whelan oft 
Aeltus Investment Management : i&!« yt 
Hartford. Connecticut. . . : ‘-IS fj 


Compiled by Charlotte Sector 












Floating Rate Notes 

Benaya Group Capital 


2002 180 99X0 - 

Over 3-fnontti Ubor. Reottered (0 par. NoncatoljtaJ=aes UO%JMnonlnaRDns S25O0U, 
CChase Manhattan Inn.) 

CNCP/NKBK Inf I Fmance 


2000 0X0 99X63 - 

Over3-rmxirtt Ubor. NancaDabW. Fees 030%. DenomJnaHorrssiaoOO. U-P. Morpan 

Korea Exchange Bank 


1998 0X25 99.945 — 

0*er3-mwifh Ubor. NoncoBn bl e.FewnotdNduaed. DenoHthemuns Sia00Q-(Qwae 
Manhctton Inti) 

WGZ Bank Ireland 

DM500 5002 100X0 — Over 3-nnrrtti Ubor. NoncoJtable. Fees 020%. lLetwian Brokers htU 

Morgan Stanley Group 


2002 0.15 99X7 — 

Over 3raonth Ubor. CoBabte at par trom 1999. Fees 0X5%. Denombwlfcfns nOQflOO- Wwgm 
stonier inttj - ■' 

Royal Bank of Scotland 


perpt Mr 99X9 — 

Interest Win be h over hnaOh Ubor untB 2007, wtmisnieNcallaMs ot par. thereafter 1 Vi 
over. Fees 0X0%. DenoajinaBons £100800. (Bandays de Zaete Wedd) 

Merrill Lynch & Co. 

ITUOOXOO 1999 0.05 100.00 — 

Over 3-monfti Ubor. NoncoOoUe. FungUe wtth outstanding issue, rafctfno total amount Is 4 
bffion Bre. Fee* 4ia%. «j«mo ttnRona) 



641» 0301/07 
54ft 12/1WJ1 
zero 11/06(26 
6V, 07/21, *05 
3 10/27/24 

6*h 02/28/15 
64ft 12/31/19 

10(07/16 99X000 B.7900 
0BW01 100.9600 7X500 
1 1/27(01 98X000 
02/0401 104X500 9.3500 
06/28(00 «9.1638 61800 
87.4898 7X400 
99.6400 5.3933 
12’ft 7X600 
98X750 5.7700 
979638 6X100 
99.9300 58800 
568375 5X200 
64.7554 0.9412 
90.0915 7.0800 
99.9400 5.3900 

Perez Com pane 

ITL300,000 2002 1.45 100.00 — Over 3-month Uhor. ReoffereO (fl par. Noncnflable. Fees 080%. (Chose Mnntxrttun mnj 


5P20.000 2007 100.00 — Over 6-month Libor. NanatSabie. Fees 0X0%. {Banco Central Htspanoj 




2002 6 'ft 101X5 99.10 Reariered cf 99.725. NonaKabte. Fees 17/8%. (Morgan Stantey InTU 

Ford hAator Credit Corp. 


2000 6^6 100X15 99.324 Reofieretiul 99865. NonaH table. Fees OJBSJ 

Ongko Inti Finance 


2004 10'ft 998642 — Semiannually. NoncnDabte. Fees umUsdosed. Derosnlnonons ilOCUJoa (Bank of Bostonj 

Toronto Dominion Bank 


2000 6Mr 101X75 99.758 R«o«wedat tOO.ia. ManmlMbte. Fee* U%%. <ParftWL Cjgsltnl NiarVefcj 

Bank Nederlandse 

DM250 2001 4>ft 101.765 99X57 Reofttrea at V9M. WoncoiloWe. Fees tm . fRubobonkj 

3 11/30-02 102.0000 2.9400 







09/1 5A3 

116 7.8700 
98X250 60000 
99X612 7.0300 
47.0000 4.790 0 
70.7500 88800 
93X500 6X300 
99X917 4.0200 

DSL Finance 

DM500 2004 5V» 101X8 99X03 ReritemdrtW43-N«>cattaWfcFees2Wtfc.twestCB5 

HonlJ Bank 

DM300 2000 4% 107.235 99.486 Reoflered at 9986. NancaDable. Fees JWb. (Bavertsdw LardesbanU 


DM2X0O 2004 9 1011m 99.708 Rwffeted at oar. Nomritobte- Fees 211%. (CiertlSubseJ 

Core Homes No. I 


2021 — — — 

The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar. March 17-21 

A setwduki of this weeks oconomc and financial events, compfiad tor the totemaaonui Herskt Tribune by Btaombeq Business News. 

Issue sp*t Info two tranches: £60 million paying a semiannual 8% Interest and issued of 9983. 

and C*a mfllton jwying 8VWi. ond Issued Bt 9B.94. NoncofloWe. Fees 0825%. Denmbwnons 
£14000. (NatVtest Capital Markets.) 

North Avon Investments 

E77X 2026 8.12 100.00 — Quarterly. Average llte 24j?years. Fees 075% Oorwralnatlons £100004 (Datwa mil) 

Scottish Hydro-Electric 


2007 Tft 99X58 — Noncnrtobte. Fees DXSft«. (Dresdner (Odnwon Benson.) 




Sydney: International Swaps and 
; Derivatives Association holds its an- 
nual meeting. 

Seoul: LES International holds a 
symposium on the latest develop- 
ments in intellectual property is- 
sues. Monday to Wednesday. 

Grand Hyatt Hotel. 


Helsinki: Boris Yeltsin of Russia 
and U.S. President Bill Clinton hold 
a summit meeting. Wednesday and 

Frankfurt: Wholesale prices for 
February may be released. M-3 mon- 
ey supply tor February may be re- 


Washington: International Mone- 
tary Fund sponsors the conference 
“EMU and the International Mon- 
etary System." Speakers include 
Michael Camdessus, managing di- 
rector of IMF; and Paul Volcker, for- 
mer chairman of the Federal Re- 
sen/e Board. Monday and Tuesday. 

March 17 

Tokyo: Data on the merchandise 
trade balance in Japan in February. 
Revisions to industrial production 
numbers in Japan in January. 
Earnings expected: CDL Hotels In- 
ternational. Shanghai Growth. MUI 
Hong Kong, ST Electronic. 

Brussels: European finance minis- 
ters meet to discuss whether Ger- 
many and France are on target for 
planned single currency. 

Earnings expected: Anglo Ameri- 
can Industrial, Electrabel, Enso Oy, 
House of Fraser, Pearson, Tractebel. 

Washington: The emergency 
board appointed by President Bill 
Clinton releases its recommenda- 
tions for ending the labor dispute 
between AMR Corp ’s American Air- 
lines unit and its pilots. 

New York: Johnson Redbook re- 

March 18 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases da- 
ta on February money supply. Min- 
istry of International Trade and In- 
dustry releases data on service in- 
dustry sales in Japan in January. 
Sydney: Reserve Bank of Australia 
to issue January banking statistics. 

Oslo: OECD releases report on the 
Norwegian economy. 

Frankfurt: Retail sales for January. 
Helsinki: Statistics Finland releases 
February producer prices. 

search service releases weekly sur- 
vey of total sales at more than 20 
department, discount and chain 

Washington: House Trade Subcom- 
mittee holds a hearing on U.S. trade 
policy objectives and initiatives. 

Wednesday Tokyo: Federation ot Electric Power 
March 19 Companies releases data on elec- 
tricity demand in February. 

London: Office for National Statis- 
tics releases unemployment claims 
for February; average earning in- 
dexes. employment, hours, labor dis- 
putes for January; productivity and 
wage costs for January; retail sales 
for February. 

New York: New York State Public 
Service Commission issues its ruling 
on Bell Atlantic Corp.'s planned 323 
billion acquisition o( Nynex Corp. 
Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports consumer price index for 

March 20 

No events listed. 

London: Retail Price Index for 

Madrid: Industrial production fig- 
ures for January. 

Stockholm: January industrial pro- 
duction figures. Quarterly Inflation re- 

Washington: Commerce Depart- 
ment reports trade deficit in goods 
and services for January. 

Ottawa: January international trade 
and January retail trade. 

March 21 

Manila: Pryce Properties holds spe- 
cial stockholders' meeting to ap- 
prove a 15 percent stock dividend 

Prague: Gross domestic product fig- 
ures for the last quarter of 19%. 
Helsinki: Fourth-quarter GDP frq- 

London: Confederation of British In- 
dustry’s trends survey for March. 

Ottawa: Statistics Canada reports 
February consumer price index. 
Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports February import/export prices. 

Morgan Stanley Group 

F FL000 2003 5?ft 101X85 99X03 Reoffered ot 9? J6 Noocotlabte. Fees UW&.CMorgan Stanley Into. 

FF3.000 2007 5V» 100X67 98X9 R«ffe»edra9aX9iNona4labltFees2%.tBamn«Mfflo<w^ 

Boyerfsche VereinsbonK ITLXOOOOO 2000 4X0 101.305 9981 NonadiaNe. Fees (Barren NaMonaJe Oet Lavwpj 

Credit Local de France 

ITLIOftOOO 2007 7Vft 97.805 

— Nonoallable. Fungible wfrti aastanding Issue, raising total amount to 400 bfllton Bra FemH. 
iCreditD ItaDanai ' 

Banque IrtT lea Luxembourg ECU150 2003 5Vft 101.70 99X94 

NancaJJdble. issue win be iwfertomfnoted In euros alter EMU, an a par basis. Fees j 


Compognie Bancalre 

ECU200 2004 SV» 107.495 99.708 

European Bank for 
Reconstruction and 

SAR2X00 2017 zero 7.10 

— new 1-0 ■*% Reottered or 465. Noncofebte. Proceeds 177 mtUTon rand. Fees 080%. rronwte 

Dofflhio/i BanKj 

European Bank tar 
Recon structi on and 

SAR5000 2027 zero 2X5 — 


World Bank 

SAR5.000 2022 zero 4.03 — 

iS^S^S eralat:L8aS ‘ NDnCOfte,4e - ft ‘^l«n^rtmd.F«sa^TiA 

World Bonk 

SAR1X00 2017 zero 780 - 

- Rmplbte wut. outstanding Issue, raising total amourtta5W» 0o “S5~ 
Noncaltable. Proceeds 204 ndllion rand . Fees QJOV (Hambros Bankj 

Inti Ftaonce Carp. 

PhP2800 2002 10W open — ttancoHabte.Feest80^.Prteetobes*.lc»cofplnti) 


World Bank 

PI1P3/000 2002 10W 101814 99.103 Reottered ot 1004M. NoncnBatile.Feesl^(Deut5aielWx W (>c n ^^ 


YKW00 2007 3.2 UK). 075 - 

J2JJS5 T"*" 1 "" dobrs. Fee^SST 


First Pacific Capital 


2002 open open — Coupon indicated at 2 la 2’ Vfa. 

Last Week's Markets Euromarts 

Stock Indexes 

Money Ratos 

Eurobond Yields 

Maim 14 

Maici>7 % Ch'oe 

Unoea stows 

March 14 

March 7 

&, <05.46 








Prime rote 






Federal rimds rate 


















Grt money 





— 1X5 

3-roontfi Infertwr* 



17,02384 18.198.74 



ScfiJTtmse ra* 



Cull owner 






3-mwTte Wertank 


Cofl money 


41 SIM 

426390 ' 














14)9 29 



Call money 



3-monlfi Interbar* 



11736X2 1X337X5 

CMS Mardi 14 March 7'fe Qi'po 




London pjn. ftxX 

352.80 2X0X0 


***M IWT YrHltYrlw 

Weekly Sales 

Primaqi Marker 

OX. 1 long term 
U.S. 1. mam term 
UX. S, shortterm 
Rounds stating 
French francs 
Italian Bre 
Danish hrem 
Sw«Ssh hronar 
ECUs, tor^ mm 
ECU* mam mm 
Can, 5 







































4 M 





* Hmn 

2».l 18142.1 




, > NNS 
2.7748 18869 


2WX 878.1 

MO 4.76 S Mm *"*0*W 

scum? Lwmrtww, 5^ wvMiffe, &aj%8 


Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 

World Index from Morgan Siantey CapM Itfl FBrspecttefi 

Ubor Rates 

imh 3-Mrt fa 

u.s. s s*„ 

Dcutirtu; rnorti 3;, 31^, 

PWJnd sterling 6 'm 

SovrzesrUordsBatiK Reuter 

(I W Q UO l 

S eoI d,hD,K: 














vmmmomL eerald tribune. Monday, marctt i 7 , 1997 

PAGE 12 



from fhf> Jut ,,U>mh ' s articles 

1“ ^BPy/www.ittt.r^nm 



MONDAY. MARCH 17, 1997 

International Funds Listing 

Track ihe performance of over 1,800 
imemaiional fundi, every day, on the IHT 
site on the World Wide Web. 


PAGE 13 

Ms Euro Looms 9 Currency Traders Become Endangered Species 

, By Erik Ipsen 

I nierruniona} Herald Tribute 

LONDON — Politicians and exec- 

SJsrihiiS d 4 sma >' ed bv talk of a 

Ke FwT" urope ' s Kloprtoo of a 
smgle European currency, but finan- 
ciers are delighted. 

*5® ct * ay P ne Para*ions for 
economic and monetary union have 

,lke paying good money 
for the privilege of losing even more. 

months, bankers have been 
up the mulnbiilion-dollar tab for 
converting everything from cash dis- 
gnsers toelecmmic payment systems to 
Europe s new single currency. 
Only recently, however, have finan- 
ciers begun to assess an even graver 
problem: a long-term loss in revenue 
nom products and services that will 

pensh along with the region's multi- 
plicity of currencies. 

Deutsche Bank AG. for example, has 
calculated that the changeover to the 

Second of two articles. 

single currency will cost it 350 million 
Deutsche marks ($206 million). 

’ ‘The problem is that this is only one 
side of the coin.’* said Werner Becker, 
who heads a Deutsche Bank team plan- 
ning for the new currency. “Some lines 
of business. like foreign' exchange and 
cross-border payments, will disappear." 

The decline in currency trading, the 
most obvious casualty of monetary uni- 
on. has already begun. Graphs of the 
values of European currencies such as 
the Italian lira and Spanish peseta — 
which once looked like those churned 

out by a polygraph strapped to the chest 
of an inveterate liar — have now begun 
to undulate softly. The loss of volatility 
has meant slimmer profits and a thin- 
ning in the ranks of currency traders for 
the past two years. 

Far more lies in store. By many es- 
timates. trading in European currencies 
accounts for roughly 10 percent of the 
total volume on currency markets. 
Avinash Persaud, a currency strategist 
at J.P. Morgan & Co., adds in trades 
using an intermediate currency (such as 
the dollar) and predicts that the gap 
could be several times larger. "Eco- 
nomic and monetary union could take 
out as much as a third of foreign ex- 
change turnover," he said. 

For industrialists, of course, this is 
great news, as Toyota's president, 
Hiroshi Qkuda. highlighted in December 

when he threatened to halt his com- 
pany’s future investment in Britain un- 
less it embraced monetary union. Indeed, 
the single currency's ability to boost the 
efficiency and thus the competitiveness 
of Europe’s businesses has long ranked 
as one of its chief selling points. 

The problem is that much of those 
gains in efficiency will come out of the 
well-tanned hides of Europe’s finan- 
ciers. "A significant portion of our busi- 
ness is effectively being removed from 
our marketplace." said James Orbell, a 
director at Credit Suisse Financial 
Products in London. 

Meanwhile, currency values are not 
the only things in Europe that are fallin g 
into line. The gap between the tradi- 
tionally high interest rates in countries 
such as Italy and Sweden and the low 
rates of Germany and the Netherlands 

has narrowed dramatically in the past 
year. The spread between Italian and 
German ten-year bonds, for example, 
more than halved, to less than 2 per- 
centage points. 

Along the way, the once -wild gyr- 
ations in the price of borrowed money 
have also eased. If that trend continues, 
the risks of doing business in Europe 
should decline — as should the need for 
corporate treasurers to spend money 
buying futures and options to hedge 
those risks. 

And then there are bonds. Europe's 
governments will surely continue to tap 
fixed-income markets for needed cash, 
but in the land of the euro all that cash 
will be priced in the same currency. In a 
region where bond traders bet not just 
on the direction of interest rales but on 
the direction of the bond's currency, this 

Apple to Shed 4,100 Jobs 
And Trim Product Lines 

Firm to Focus on Publishing and Education 

Friday's announcement by Apple Computer Inc. is the 
latest bad news in the tenure of Gilbert Amelio, right, 
since he took over the company in February 1996. 

JULY 17 

Unexpectedly small 
quarterly loss of 
532 million 

By John Markoff 

Nw York Times Service 

SAN FRANCISCO — In announ- 
cing it would lay off 30 percent of its 
work force and cut bacK its product 
lines. Apple Computer Inc. said it was 
finally turning a comer — but it left 
many questions unanswered. 

The computer maker said Friday it 
would lay off 4,100 employees and 
temporary workers and take charges 
totaling $250 million over the next 
three quarters to pay for the job cuts. 

Chairman Gilbert Amelio also said 
that basic research at Apple would be 
narrowed to focus on the publishing 
and educational markets as well as on 
developing new technologies in hu- 

While Apple executives had pre- 
viously said they would give details 
about which businesses the company 
would exit, die product cutbacks an- 
nounced Friday — Apple is ending 
development of some software tech- 
nologies — left the fare of other 
products and businesses in limbo. 

Apple's stock dosed Friday at 
. $16.5625. up 18.75 cents, in Nasdaq 
1 trading. The job and product cutbacks 
. were announced after foe market 
^closed.. . . 

f . Appfe isstill facinga huge loss for its 
second financial quarter of 1 997, which 
- ends on March 28 . The loss will include 

the first $1 55 million in charges related 
to the latest revamping, as much as 
$325 million for the acquisition of 
Steven Jobs' Next Software Inc., and 
an undisclosed operating loss. 

Apple's chief financial officer. Fred 
Anderson, said the company's goal was 
now $8 billion in revenue as its break- 
even target and that he believed such a 
business model was sustainable. Apple 
had $9.83 billion in revenue in 1996. 

Mr. Anderson said in addition to 
reporting a loss in its second quarter. 
Apple expected to have a loss next 
quarter, but now forecast that it would 
be profitable in its fourth quarter of 

Although it reported a profit in its 
fourth quarter in 1996, the company 
has had a string of large losses as it has 
found its business increasingly under 
attack from the Microsoft and Intel- 
based computer makers. 

In foe past, the company has said 
that its proprietary technologies dif- 
ferentiate its products from those de- 
signed around software written by Mi- 
crosoft However, foe announcement 
Friday made clear that Apple will no 
longer try to compete with industry' 
standards such as the Java program- 
ming language, which will make mod- 
ular software components widely 
available via the Internet. 

See APPLE, Page 15 

4.100 layoffs 
and a major 
trading halted 

Plan (o acquire 
Next Inc. for $400 
million announced 

Daily closing stock price. 

Stock off 18 
percent on news 


of expected loss | 

F ’ M 1 A ' M : J 1 


Source. Detasirsam 

1 j 

’ A 

1 s 

1 o 

1 N 1 D ! J 1 F ‘mi 


The New York Timtt 

An Apple for Teacher Becomes Rarer 

By Rajiv Chandrasekaran 

HiziAurgrji: Pas: 

WASHINGTON — When a school 
principal. Mark Kelsch, needed to out- 
fit the computer laboratory 1 at Sligo 
Middle School in Silver Spring, Mary- 
land, five years ago. figuring out what 
kind of machines to buy was a no- 

From the introduction of its popular 
Apple II units in foe early 1980s to its 
more recent Macintosh machines. 
Apple Computer Inc. had long been foe 
top choice of educators all over foe 
country because of foe company's 
deep discounts to schools and user- 

friendly software. “If you were a 
teacher, it was what you bought,” Mr. 
Kelsch said. 

But when faced with equipping a 
second computer lab at his school a 
few months ago. Mr. Kelsch ’s choice 
was far tougher. 

Most of his students who have home 
computers have machines that run Mi- 
crosoft Corp.’s Windows software and 
are incompatible with foe Apples. He 
was able to get better prices for Win- 
dows computers. 

He also started worrying about how 
well die financially beleaguered Apple 
would be able to maintain its ma- 

His choice this time was 30 com- 
puters foal run Windows. “If they’ve 
got Windows at home and their parents 
use Windows at work, I realized that 
I'm teaching wrong technology rf I’m 
using Apples," Mr. Kelsch said. 

Such conversions are increasingly 
common in the nation's schools. This 
year, for foe first time, the majority of 
computers bought by primary and sec- 
ondary schools will use Windows, ac- 
cording to a recent study by the market 
research firm International Data 

The educational defections couldn't 

See SCHOOLS, Page 15 


Network Computers Are Catching On 

Khashoggi to Offer Settlement 

By Mitchell Martin 

International Herald Tribune 

N EW YORK — Although they 
are not yet widely available 
for consumers, people and 
companies are already begin- 
ning to use network computers, the re- 
latively inexpensive machines made for 
browsing foe Internet and using elec- 
tronic mail. 

■ Unlike personal computers, which al- 
low each user freedom to operate a wide 
apd growing variety of programs, net- 
work computers are limited to appli- 
cations stored in a central computer 
called a server. 

'' Personal computers also can be 
linked in server-based networks, but 
each PC retains the ability to run its own 
programs. For corporate users, this 
means that employees can load games, 
communications packages and other ap- 
plications that may not be related to their 
work, so the threat of viruses is ever- 
present. Additionally, every time a com- 
fgin y wants to update a program, it must 
be separately leaded on each PC. 

For consumers and small businesses, 
PCs provide great power, but setting up 
foe computers and running them is not 
always easy, and upgrading software for 

foe newest programs can be expensive. 

NCs, by contrast, are centrally con- 
trolled, so a company an easily update 
programs and users cannot load their own 
software. Another lure of network com- 
puters is that they can cost for less than 
PCs, as little as $500. Although defin- 
itions vary, an NC generally does not 
have a hard disk, although it does have 
memory chips and a microprocessor. 

The concept is essentially a high-tech 
update of the Mini tel system used in 
France. The state-run phone company 
provides Minitel terminals at a nominal 
cost, and foe units are widely used for 
banking, home shopping and chat ser- 
vices. Bur Minitel is a text-only system 
that has never had much success outside 
of France. 

The concept of nerwork computers 
was introduced on a grand scale by 
Lawrence Ellison, chairman of Oracle 
Corp., in September 1995. Thar ignited 
a dispute that grouped companies such 
as Oracle, International Business Ma- 
chines Corn., Sun Microsystems Inc., 
Netscape Communications Corp. and 
Apple Computer Inc. and Novell Inc. 
against Microsoft Corp. 

According to foe conventional wis- 
dom, if NCs take off, Microsoft has foe 
most to lose because its Windows op- 

erating systems would diminish in im- 
portance, losing their current domi- 
nance of the desktop PC. Because most 
PCs now sold use Windows, Microsoft 
has an easy time selling its own ap- 
plications software, such as foe popular 
Word word-processing system ana Ex- 
cel spreadsheet 

As it turns out, however, NCs were 
being sold before Mr. Ellison suggested 
them, and they do Windows. 

Rover Group Ltd., the British car- 
making subsidiary of Bayerische 
Motoren Werke AG, has been using net- 
work computers made by Network Com- 
puting Devices Inc. for three years. 

Dave Ward of Rover said foe NCs 
were installed for engineers to use foe 
Unix operating system, which is popular 
among users o*f math -intensive pro- 
grams. These NCs were not replacing 
personal computers, Mr. Ward noted, 
but were taking the place of dumb ter- 
minals linked to IBM mainframes, the 
standard architecture of computing in 
the 1960s and 1970s. 

Yet Rover, which has 700 NCs in- 
stalled and 200 on order, also found its 
engineers needed access to business 
software such as Microsoft Word. The 



DUBAI — Adnan Khashoggi, foe 
Saudi financier, said in remarks pub- 
lished Sunday that he was preparing a 
response to charges of conspiring to 
defraud Bangkok Bank of Commerce 
Ltd. and was hopeful of an amicable 

The Saudi daily Al Bctesadia quoted 
Mr. Khashoggi as saying from Paris foar 
he had started Saturday to prepare “a 
detailed memorandum including pro- 
posals for an amicable settlement to foe 

On Friday, Thai police said they had 
issued arrest warrants for Mr. 
Khashoggi and four officials of the ail- 
ing Thai bank on charges of conspiring 
to defraud the bank. 

The Bank of Thailand, the central 
bank, had requested foe warrants 
against foe five, charging them with 
having jointly conspired to have Mr. 

Khashoggi receive 2 billion baht ($77 
million) in loans from foe hank without 
credible collateral in 1995. 

Mr. Khashoggi “denied categoric- 
ally" knowing Terry Easter, a Briton 
arrested on charges of conspiring to 
embezzle assets of the troubled bank. 
Mr. Khashoggi added that he thought it 
was unlikely he would face arrest 
He also denied knowing any of foe 
other people accused in foe case. 

The charges relate to a 1995 loan Mr. 
Khashoggi used to fund takeovers of 
three publicly traded companies: the 
cooking oil producer Morakot Indus- 
tries PLC, Jalaprathan Cement PLC and 
an electronics producer. Semiconductor 
Venture International PLC. 

The takeovers cost about 5 billion 
baht, most of which was provided by 
Bangkok Bank of Commerce and im- 
plemented through an investment 
vehicle controlled by Mr. Khashoggi. 

represents a huge lurch toward a simpler 
world — and. for the financial industry, 
a less profitable one. 

“Bond trading as we know it in Europe 
is almost dead” said Nigel Richardson, 
head of bond research at Yamaichi In- 
ternational in London. 

Estimates of how long it will take 
European financiers to find new ways of 
making money vary widely, and by mar- 
ket. A recent study by foe Center for 
Economics and Business Research, for 
instance, predicted that monetary union 
would initially wipe out 10,000 jobs in 
foe City of London financial district, but 
that new jobs would be added in time. 
Looking at Europe’s bond markets, 
Gunther Thumann. coordinator for 
monetary union at Salomon Brothers 
Inc., predicted that the initial job losses 
could be made up “within a year." 

In Japan 
Said to Trim 

Con^dlrd by Our Sttff Fnm O u j u g ft o 

TOKYO — Japan’s five leading 
semiconductor manufacturers have de- 
cided to freeze plans to build new do- 
mestic plants in response to a global 
slump in demand, a leading Japanese 
business newspaper reported Sunday. 

Toshiba Corp. will postpone the start- 
up of a new microchip plant in Iwate 
prefecture, in northern Japan, to 1999, 
the Nihon Keizai Shimbun said. The 
130 billion yen ($1.05 billion) facility 
was scheduled to begin operations by 
March 1998. 

Fujitsu Ltd. will indefinitely post- 
pone foe construction of a new plant in 
Fukushima prefecture, north of Tokyo. 
The plant was designed to manufacture 
logic integrated circuits. Under the orig- 
inal plan, foe construction of the plant 
was to begin in foe middle of 1997 at a 
cost of 100 billion yen. 

NEC Corp- is also considering cut- 
ting its capital spending for the year to 
March 1998 by 10 billion yen. to 180 
billion yen. by curtailing planned new 
lines at a plant in Yamagata prefecture, 
in norfoem Japan, foe newspaper said. 

Mitsubishi Electric Corp. froze con- 
struction of pan of its plant in Ehime 
prefecture, in southwestern Japan, in 
January, while Hitachi Ltd. suspended 
operations at its plant in Gunma pre- 
fecture, north of Tokyo. Iasi year, ii said. 

Japanese chipmakers drafted ambi- 
tious capital investment plans in 1994 
and 1995 when foe world's semicon- 
ductor market was booming, the paper 
said. (Reuters. AFP) 

■ Japanese Chip Orders Fall 

The Semiconductor Equipment As- 
sociation of Japan, a trade group, said 
Sunday that Japanese chipmakers re- 
ceived orders worth 87.69 billion yen in 
January, down 6.3 percent from a year 
earlier. Bloomberg News reported. 

Japanese and foreign chipmakers re- 
ceived orders worth 60.29 billion yen 
from within Japan, down 12.2 percent on 
the year. Orders between April and Janu- 
ary totaled 521 .09 billion yen, down 8.4 
percent from foe previous year. 

Sales of semiconductor-manufactur- 
ing equipment made in Japan, including 
exports, fell 2.5 percent in January to 
82.03 billion yen. Sales of semicon- 
ductor-making equipment in Japan, in- 
cluding imports, dropped 19.1 percent 
to 46.79 billion yen. 


Cross Rates 

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Follow Nike Footsteps 
To Find Asian Growth 


LONDON ■ — Investors seeking a sure investment in the 
uncertain world of emerging markets should use their feet — 
and follow foe Nike Indicator. 

An analysis of Nike Inc.’s production pattern found that 
every country where the company had produced sneakers had 
seen high, long-term economic growth- The analysis is con- 
tained in a report released Monday by Robert Fleming Holdings 
Ltd., an investment house specializing in emerging markets. 

Nike outsources most of its production to contractors in 
Asia. Nike said the criteria used in selecting a country included 
political stability, quality of labor, infrastructure, government 
policy, customs duties and quotas. 

- Nike produced in Japan in 1972, then moved to South Korea 
and Taiwan in 1975, and in 1 987 began producing in Thailand. 
China and Indonesia. Today it has left Thailand and about 70 
percent of its sneakers are made in China and Indonesia. 

U Tong, the Flemings analyst who wrote the report, said 
Thailand should see Nike's departure as an indication that its 
economy was successful and as a sign that Thailand was ready 
to move from manufacturing sneakers to semiconductors. 
“Wage rates go up because workers have learned skills. 
Nike 's departure indicates that foe country is at a new stage of 

“Investors should note that Japan and Korea both saw 
tremendous growth in their automobile industries after Nike 
left," the report said. 


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nifcRimilYh mill wvhrii 


PAGE 15 

Thai Market 
Faces More 
Bear Runs 

Despite State Measures, 

Crisis Still Unresolved 


BANGKOK — Although the darkest 
hour may have passed m Thailand’s 
nnancial crisis, analysts expect more 
rumtoil as investors realize that new 
government measures aimed at propping 
upjuling sectors of the economy may not 
address fundamental problems. 

“People are beginning to realize the 
scale of the problem,' ' sard Graham Car- 
terwell, head of equities at Deutsche 
Morgan Grenfell. “It’s not over vet 
There is more to come, that’s for sure.” 

Two weeks ago, the Thai financial 
system was rocked by a crisis of con- 
fidence, causing the local stock market 
to plunge nearly to a five-year low as 
investors questioned the nation's finan- 
cial health. 

A package of measures, including 
plans to rescue troubled property de- 
velopers and their financiers through a 
multibillion dollar bond issue, helped 
restore some confidence to the market, 
which rebounded last week. 

But the recovery seems to be short- 
lived and the market, which has already 
lost more than half of its value in the past 
year, appears poised to fall further. 

. In the first sign of what could transpire 
id the next few weeks, the benchmark 
SET stock index fell 21.77 points, or 3 
percent, on Friday to 694.91 — erasing 
the week’s gains as the government's 
measures lost their initial appeal. 

Analysts say the fall could continue 
in the near term and the index could drop 
to a level as low as 580 to 600. 

- *T feel very skeptical,” said one ana- 
lyst- “I feel that the intervention has 
brought up sentiment a bit, but I think 
there will be a bit more downside next 

Banks and financial institutions, 
which together make up about 40 per- 
cent of the market, were the big losers 
on Friday and their shares could con- 
tinue to drop in the next week or so. 
analysts said. 

“We’re still underweighting the mar- 
ket,” said an analyst at a foreign se- 
curities company. “Banks are unattract- 
ive. finance companies are unattractive. ’ ’ 
He added that banks were, “the major 
investment vehicles for foreigners so 
there’s not much left to buy.” 

The government ordered the coun- 
try’s 15 banks and 91 finance compa- 
nies — many of which have broad ex- 
posure to the bloated property market — 
to raise provisions for substandard as- 
sets. It also told 10 weakened finance 
companies to increase capital. 

Banks and finance companies have 
sunk about 800 billion baht ($30.82 
billion) in loans into troubled property 
firms. Many of the loans are suspected 
to be bad debts, analysis say. 

Although the new measures were wel- 
comed. analysts said finance companies 
needed a more severe restructuring. 

“The government had to do 
something, but the problem is it is not 
rewarding well-managed companies 
and penalizing badly managed ones.” 
said George Morgan, country manager 
for HG Asia. "This would have been a 
good opportunity for a shake-up.” 

In addition, the government's bond 
issue to help the property sector does not 
address die fundamental problem of the 
sector’s over-supply. 

“The market should be able to move in 
the way market forces dictate.' ’ said one 
analyst “This way it brings more money 
into the system to inflate demand,” but 
that ‘ ‘doesn’t get away from the problem 
that there is still overeupply.” 

Who’s Laughing Now? Not Leisure Investors 

They're Serious About the Future of Multi-Screen Entertainment Complexes 


Bloomberg News 

CANNES, France — AMC Europe’s pres- 
ident, Bruno Frydman. no longer hears po- 
tential investors snickering after he tells them 
about the opportunities in multi -screen en- 
tertainment complexes. 

Mr. Frydman. whose company is owned 


by the U.S. multi-screen theater company 
AMC Entertainment Inc., has traveled Europe 
for five years to promote the concept of at- 
tracting people with movies, then enticing 
them to spend more money at other outlets. 

_ The response has become more enthu- 
siastic because investors are increasing their 
investment in leisure property, believing that 
rents and property values will increase if 
more people can spend more money in an 
entertainment complex. 

“There's an awful lot of activity in leisure 
right now,' ' said Michael Griffiths, a director 
with Land Securities PLC, Britain’s largest 
property investment company with a port- 
folio worth more than £5 billion (58 billion). 
“People do have more time on their hands 
and they have the money so they're going to 
spend it on leisure.” 

Land Securities is now in the planning 
stages of three developments in Britain and is 
convinced they will make money, although 
there are worries about oversupply if loo 
many suburban complexes are built. 

Mr. Frydman, speaking at MIPIM. Europe's 
largest real estate conference, said the idea 
behind the multi-sceen complexes is to attract 
consumers with about 30 to 40 movie screens 
in a heavily populated ansa. Outside the 
cinemas would be other entertainment outlets 

that might include bowling alleys, bingo par- 
lors or virtual reality centers. 

The complex would include 30 to 40 res- 
taurants, ranging from fast-food restaurants 
to ethnic restaurants to theme restaurants, 
such as Planer Hollywood. The final piece in 
the puzzle is retail outlets associated with 
entertainment or culture, such as book stores, 
record stores, and video stores. 

“In 1992, when I started to work on this 
field. 1 could almost hear the investors laugh 
when I left their offices.” said Mr. Frydman. 

‘People have more time 
on their hands and they r 
have the money so 
they're going to spend it 
on leisure/ 

“The investors are now calking to us even 
though the track record of the family en- 
tertainment center is not there yet.” 

He said the developments can offer yields 
— the annual return in rent expressed as a 
percentage of feepurchase price — of 8 to 12 
percent Mr. Griffiths said that 7 percent was 
widely available in Britain and that investors 
aim for 8 percent 

That compares with prime office yields in 
central London of 5 to 6 percent, according to 
the real estate consultancy DTZ. 

While the ultimate example of a leisure 
complex is Disneyland Paris, a more modest 
example is Trocadero. a 430, 000-square -foot 

complex on Piccadilly Circus in London’s 
West End. owned by Trocadero PLC, an 
associate company of the British property 
company Burford Holdings PLC. 

The Troc, as it is known, is anchored by 
Segaworld, a five-floor arcade of video 
games and rides, and includes restaurants 
whose themes range from a South American 
rain forest to Marvel comic books. An Imax 
big-screen theater will open this year and the 
retail outlets include a huge compact disc 
store and souvenir shops. 

Although Nick Leslau. chief executive of 
both Trocadero and Burford. has admitted that 
Segaworld has proven a disappointment so far. 
the Tree's rental income was £8.9 milli on in 
1996; the company said rental income at the 
end of 1996 reflected about 20 to 30 percent 
growth from 1 8 months earlier. 

Leisure property is different from other 
property because its success rests largely on 
the quality of the attractions. 

That means the development requires a 
partnership berween not just the developers, 
investors, financiers and tenants, but also the 
content provider. 

“We’re changing the paradigms of de- 
velopment here, and what we're finding 
worldwide is the lines between hospitality, 
entertainment and retail property have 
grayed.” said Scott Malkin, managing di- 
rector of Value Retail PLC. 

His company has developed Bicester Vil- 
lage. a rural factory outlet for discounted 
brand-name clothes, between the prime Brit- 
ish tourism destinations of Oxford and Strat- 
ford-on-Avon. The development is aimed to 
attract busloads of consumers visiting the 
popular spots who may want to buy last 
year’s designer clothes at cut prices. 

SCHOOLS: An Apple for the Teacher Is Rarer in U.S. as Windows Advances 

Continued from Pagel3 

come at a worse time for Apple, which has seen 
its share of the home and business markets slip 
as it struggles to compete against the booming 
popularity of Windows. Apple traditionally has 
relied on the educational market as a sure bet, a 
dominance that the company hoped would sell 
more home and business units as excited 
schoolchildren convinced their parents of the 
wonders of its computers. 

“They’re losing their grip on one of the few' 
franchises they had left” said Scon Miller, an 
analyst with Dataquesr Inc., a marker research 
firm in San Jose, California “This hurts quite a 

Mr. Miller estimates that education sales 
made up about 31 percent of Apple's 1996 
revenue, or about $851 million. 

One of the computer industry’s most dom- 
inant players a decade ago. Apple has been 
struggling in recent years because of lackluster 
sales, weak acceptance of its hand-held com- 
puting products and an exodus of top managers. 
The company last year lost 5816 million. 

“People are really nervous" about Apple, 
said Mickey Revenaugh. editor of Electronic 
Learning, a New York-based magazine for 
computer teachers. “They’ve seen companies 
like Commodore, which sold heavily to 
schools, go out of business.” 

Apple, however, points to the fact that an 
estimated 60 percent of the computets in 
classrooms from kindergarten through 12th 
grade still arc Macintoshes or Apple Us. “There 
are an awful lot of people who like our com- 
puters,” said Mike Lotion, vice president of 
Apple's education division. 

Apple disputes the International Data num- 
bers, saying they are based on predictions and 
not actual purchases. But even a study that the 
computer maker cites to show it is still at the top 
suggests that the numbers are not headed in the 
right direction. 

According ro the study, conducted by Quality 
Education Data, a market research firm. IBM- 
compatible computers’ share of the school mar- 
ket grew from 27 percent in the 1992-93 school 
year to 39 percent in the 1994-95 school year. 
Most such computers use Windows. In the same 
period, the survey found, the share of Apple 
machines dropped to 58 percent, from 64 per- 

Some educators and industry analysts say the 
shift from Apple to Windows could have a 
broad impact on teachers as well as students and 
their families. 

Teachers, who have used Apples for years, 
will have to learn how to use a raft of new 
software and design new lesson plans. Students 
will have learn how to use the Windows system, 
which some computer experts say can be more 
challenging for younger children to master. 
And parents who bought Apples to be com- 
patible with their child's school now will be 
forced to consider another computer purchase. 

But ai Sligo Middle School, that transition 
has been remarkably smooth, Kelsch said. 

On a recent afternoon, more than 40 students 
crowded into a computer room dial contained 
30 new Windows computers, while next door, 
only five children milled about in a room with 
30 "five-year-old Apple Macintosh LC ma- 

“I’m more familiar with these because it’s 
like what I have at home,” eighth-grader Neal 

Kim, 13, said of the Windows computer he was 
working on. “It’s pretty cool.” rallavi Agar- 
waJ. 13. said the new computers make it pos- 
sible. for the first time, to take schoolwork 
home, where her family has a computer that 
runs Windows. 

“I never used the Apple, computers that 
much because I didn't want to have to type the 
stuff I was working on again when I got home,” 
she said. 

The move away from Apples in schools has 
been spurred by a steadily growing number of 
educational software titles for Windows com- 
puters and new school discounts for Windows- 
compatible hardware. 

Compaq Computer Corp. and Dell Computer 
Corp. have begun to aggressively court edu- 
cators with cut-rate prices, special classroom 
models and presentations at teacher confer- 

To fight the educational slippage, Apple is 
resting its hopes on a scaled-down portable 
computer called the eMate 300, which is set to 
go on sale this spring for as little as $700. 
Instead of adding more features, the eMate will 
have a black-and-white screen, a comparatively 
slow microprocessor and small amount of 

“We’ think our strategy is sound,” Mr. Lor- 
ion said. 

“The eMate was designed because that’s 
what teachers said they wanted.” 

But some industry analysts question wbetber 
the product, despite its attractive price, will be 
favored by teachers who want to run increas- 
ingly sophisticated educational software. 

“It could be too little, too late for Apple,” 
Mr. Miller said. 

APPLE: Computer Maker to Focus on Its Educational and Publishing Roots 

Continued from Page 13 

Apple also said it was ending its Performs 
brand and would ship new lower-cost Macin- 
tosh products soon. It also said that it would end 
the development of its ADC operating system 
software for its server computers and also dis- 
continue its video-conferencing products. 

“They are obviously doing what they should 
have done a year ago and focusing on the Macin- 

tosh and selling Macs,” said Kimball Brown, a 
computer industry analyst at Daiaquest, a market 
research firm in San Jose, California. 

He said he still felt there wen: many question 
marks about whether software developers 
would support Apple’s new operating system 

Analysts said hot new products were Apple ’s 
only potential lifeline. 

“They have a dramatically loyal installed 

NETWORK: Finding Clients 


Continued from Page 13 

engineers “don't want two 
desktop devices.” Mr. Ward 
, • said, so Rover is using Net- 
: ' work Computing’s WinCen- 
ter program, which allows its 
NCs to run programs de- 
signed for Windows. 

‘ It is not only engineers who 
are using NCs. Matthew Mor- 
an owns a sysiems-integra- 
• tion company called Data- 
■Source & Associates in 
Chatsworth, California. He 
has hooked up 20 NCs for 

- Sebastian International, a 
: hair-care and cosmetics com- 
pany, with 60 to 80 more on 
order. The company put its 
technology department on the 
NCs first, then added the fi- 
nance section. 

Mr. Moran said the key 
users of the NCs were tapping 
into programs by the German 
software maker SAP AG. 
| . which help companies auto- 
mate their businesses. 

Although the lower cost of 
NCs was an incentive, “the 
real benefit is just in the day - 

- to-day operations,” Mr. Mor- 
an said. Sebastian runs a 
pretty tightly controlled en- 
vironment; users gei the ap- 
plications that are deemed 
necessary for their jobs. 

With little access to me 
workings of their computers, 
users “can’t call me and say 
‘I clicked on this and now 
nothing works’ because they 
can’t click on it.” 

Not that cost was not a 
factor. Mr. Moran estimated 
it cost $4,000 to set up a pc 
station for a typical business 
user, and that it would have to 
be upgraded every two ye-ars- 
By comparison. Network 
Computing just cut the pnee 
.on its least expensive com- 

puter ro $695 and its priciest 
model is $2,895. 

NCs are also beginning to 
show up in homes. Bill 
Mitchell, a videographer in 
Azusa, California, uses a 
Bandai Pippin to tap into fee 
“mind-blowing wealth of in- 
formation” on fee Internet, , 
send and receive electronic ! 
mail, and for some limited ! 
word processing. 

Mr. Mitchell was thumbing | 
through a catalogue for 
Macintosh computers last year 
when he saw an ad for the 
Pippin, whose technology was 
created by Apple. He said he 
bought the $499.95 device be- 
cause it had a compact-disk 
drive and was expandable; it 
accepts memory upgrades, a 
floppy-disk drive and a Zip 
drive, which is a kind of floppy 
drive that is nearly as fast as a 
magnetic hard drive in a con- 
ventional computer. It also 
connects to Apple printers. 

“Overall, I am very happy 
wife the Pippin,” he said. 
“The only flaws I found in 
the software are in the on- 
screen e-mail keyboard: 
There is no question mark or 
apostrophe.” But Bandai s 
customer support depart- 
ment. which Mr. Mitchell de- 
scribed as “top-notch” has 
promised to correct this. 

Although Mr. Mitchell said 
he was "very happy” wife his 

Pippin, he found the Bandai 
word processor to be “very 
basic" and was still consid- 
ering fee purchase of a home 
computer. But he said he un- 
derstood feat Bandai had a 
“first-rate version" of its cur- 
rent program under develop- 
ment “If that’s true. I may 

never buy a Mac” he said. 

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China Plans Record Coal Pipeline 

BELfING (Reuters) — China will build fee world’s longest 
pipeline for transporting liquefied coal ai a cost of $450 
million, the China Daily Business Weekly said Sunday. 

The 720-kilometer (430-mile) pipeline will run from the 
central, coal-producing province of Shanxi to Shandong in fee 
east, the report said, ana begin operations by 2000. 

A joint venture, China Coal Pipelines Co., has been set Up 
with foreign capital to prepare for the project, it said. 

Shareholder Torpedoes Seoul Bid 

SEOUL (Reuters) — The first hostile takeover bid in South 
Korea fizzled after a large shareholder, facing lobbying pres- 
sure from conglomerates, turned against a raider group tar- 
geting the retailer Mi do pa Co. 

Sungwon Group, once regarded as a partner of Shindoug- 
bang Corp. in the bid, said over the weekend that it would sell 
its 12.6 percent stake to the Dainong Group, the controlling 
shareholder of Midopa. 

Dainong agreed io pay 42,000 won ($47.77) for each of die 
1.87 million shares, raising its stake to a comfortable 45.5 
percent. Midopa shares closed Friday at 23.400 won. 

Bonn Leaders Back New Tax Talks 

FRANKFURT (Reuters) — Chancellor Helmut Kohl's gov- 
erning coalition and the opposition Social Democrats pro- 
claimed their readiness over fee weekend to jump-start stalled 
talks on a sweeping overhaul of Germany’s tax system. 

The end of a dispute over subsidies to fee coal industry, 
reached Thursday, removed the cause of the collapse this 
month in fee high-profile negotiations. 

‘ ‘If the SPD is serious, we could have the cornerstone of an 
agreement within 14 days,” Finance Minister Theo Waigel - 
told the Btid newspaper's Saturday edition. 

The leader of fee Social Democrats, Oskar Lafontaine, said 
the two sides remained far apart but agreement was necessary 
to spur the economy and reduce record unemployment. 

Stock Are Overpriced, Buffett Says 

OMAHA. Nebraska (Bloomberg) — One year after saying 
shares in his own Berkshire Hathaway Inc. might have grown 
too expensive, Warren Buffett said investorsrisked paying too 
much for “virtually all stocks” in fee United States. 

In his annual letter to shareholders — available over the 
Internet for the first time — Mr. Buffett said that investors ‘ “can, 
of course, pay too much for even the best of businesses.” 

Berkshire Hathaway disclosed feat it had more than tripled 
its investment in McDonald’s Corp., to 30.2 million shares by 
the end of 1996 from 9.3 million in September 1995. 

Agency Outlines Latin Growth Plan 

BARCELONA (Reuters) — Latin American economic 
growth rates could jump to levels similar to those of the fast- 
growing Asian “tigers” if countries there undertake in-depth 
reform and bolster education spending, the Inter-American 
Development Bank said Sunday. 

The regional growth rate could climb to 8 percent in a 
decade wife tax and labor reform, privatizations and better 
education, according to a study by the development agency. 

For the Record 

• Spain has already fulfilled three of the five economic 
prerequisites for the European single currency. Economy 
Secretary Cristobal Montoro stud, citing long-term interest 
and inflation rates and exchange-rate stability. 

• Hong Kong Telecommunications Ltd. has picked the 

local film distributors Golden Harvest Entertainment Co. 
and China Start Entertainment as partners in its video-on- 
demand service. Reuters. AFP 

base and that’s fee one asset they have.” said 
Charles Wolf, an analyst at First Boston. 

“The question is. can they get the products 
out there to keep these people happy.” 

The company said it was ending develop- 
ment of a group of software technologies such 
as Opendoc. Opentransport and Cyberdog feat 
are currently part of MacOS. It also said it was 
ending development of another software tech- 
nology called Games Sprockets. 



From Paris to Milan, from New York 
to Tokyo, fashion editor Suzy 
Menkes covers the fashion front 
With additional reporting on 
lifestyle issues, the Style section 
provides up-to-date information on 
developments in the changing world 
of creative design. 

Every Tuesday in the International 
Herald Tribune. 


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PAGE 16 

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i : • 


Clockwise from left, Jean Paul Gaultier's striped velvet pantsuit and checkered coat; Yohji Yamamoto's 
feminine shawl-collared and wrapped tweeds ; Christian Lacroix's textured knit cardigan over long, slim dress. 

feminine shawl 

Why Noble Gaultier Is a Cut Above 

Modem Elegance Becomes Buzzword for the Avant Garde 

* By Suzy Menkes 

P ARIS — It was a noble moment 
for fashion — and for Jean Paul 
Gaultier — when his exception- 
al collection, sharply tailored to 
: give a graceful ease, defined the fall/ 
winter season. It also marked a rite of 
passage for a designer once labeled the 
enfant terrible of French fashion. Now 
with a leap as big and bouncy as the Air- 
: Jordan style shoes he showed, Gaultier, 
■ at 4S,.has joined the big league. 

Yet he did it so deftly and calmly — 
■ sending ont models with Afro top-knots 
. held high, Josephine Baker kiss-curls 
round their cheeks, but wearing the 
; loose, linear pantsuits in tactile fabrics 
■' that modem women crave. No fuss. No 
sexy innuendos. Nothing raucous or ri- 
V diculous.Justan underlying touch of wit 
in the Cotton Club theme — all sculpted 
chignons, magenta lipstick against dark 
skin and the funky, lady-like accessor- 
ies you might find in photos of old 

The restilt was a collection that 
spelled modem elegance, which is the 

season’s buzzword. Yohji Yamamoto 
also sent out a strong show, imbued with 
calm and charm, that continued his on- 
going exploration of couture. 

“Yes, of course, it came from the 
couture,” Gaultier said backstage, his 
face smothered with die models’ lip- 
stick kisses after the show’s ovation. He 
was referring to his January's haute 
couture show, in which he drew on his 
fashion training with Pierre Cardin. 

Imagine that 1960s geometric tail- 
oring given an updated aesthetic, so that 
a metallic gray jacket sat squarely over 
mannish pants, with a hooded sweater 
making a circle of the head. Those 
sweaters were a sly take on the rapper 
style Gaultier picked up from die street 
scene a decade ago. but, like everything 
In the collection, they were in upscale 
fabrics like camel cashmere or velvet 

The key piece was die tabard, or 
square tonic. It was worn with pants or a 
long skirt split at the back. And it 
seemed modern even as a dress, when 
given flapper fringing or falling to the 
ankles, with a punched hem. 

Colors had a gleaming mineral rich- 
ness: silver, bronze, old gold, rust and 

verdigris. Or sequins twinkled as a V- 
neck tunic slouched out over mohair 
plaid pants. Just a touch of the wacky, 
street-wise Gaultier remained in a pho- 
toprint of denim shorts dangling from 


The collection was ebullient with 
ideas from the tip of its feathered 
turbans to the toes of its orange-sherbert 
pony-skin shoes. Yet at the same time 
wearable, womanly and a beacon to 
fashion's future. 

Yohji Yamamoto was on the same 
track, bringing a gracefulness and fem- 
ininity to his tailoring in a way that was 
never sugary, even when a model 
hugged a single flower to die front of her 
tweed ensemble. He had a hard act to 
follow his sensational spring show ded- 
icated to Dior's New Look. But he 
pulled off a fine collection, using cou- 
ture touches in a witty way: a froth of 
coin-dot organza at the neck; neo-punk 
silver studs as a take on embroidery; 
scarves in curly Mongolian lamb or col- 
orful fox; even a jaunty French beret. 

But like all die collections that count 

Continued on Page 22 

Stock Market Lures Luxury Labels 

By Conrad de Aenlle 

L ondon — The Ralph 

Lauren name, already 
stamped on cologne and 
clothing, is expected this 
spring to be added to another item, one 
at the height of fashion and bound to 
generate millions for the American 
designer die Ralph Lauren stock cer- 
tificate. . .. 

If market speculation is correct (the 
company won’t, say), Ralph Lauren 
will be the next large fashion and 
luxury goods concern to take advan- 
tage of soaring share prices and soar- 
ing esteem for die value of branded 
goods by conducting, an initial public 
offering. The Spanish designer Adolfo 
Dominguez is due for an imminent 

flotation, as well. Offerings by 
Valentino and Versace are also 
thought likely. 

They would join several other 
household names, such as Bulgari. 
Gucci. Tiffany, Donna Karan, Tommy 
Hiifiger, that have come to market, 
mostly in the last two years. The 
money generated is used to expand 
lines or else to allow company 
founders, usually individual designers 
or a handful of family members, to 
yank cash out of their businesses. 

Most of the issues have done very 
well, some doubling or tripling in 
price. Beyond the stubborn efferves- 
cence of American and European 
stock markets, the success is due to a 
revival of the notion among investors, 
as well as consumers, that brands are 
worth paying for. 

“Over the last several years there’s 
been a growing recognition that 
brands in general are powerful, and it' s 
a reaction to the other extreme in 
1992,” said Cedric Magnelia, who 
follows fashion and luxury goods 
companies for the investment bank 
Credit Suisse First Boston. “Compa- 
nies recognize die importance of mar- 
ket differentiation. Also, consumers 
are returning ro brands after the re- 
lative strength of generic products.” 

That was a result of rapid expansion 
in the late 1980s that tarnished some 
once venerated names, nearly render- 
ing them generic. A famous example is 
Gucci where, Magnelia noted, “ex- 
cessive distribution and loose licens- 
ing agreements virtually destroyed the 

Contmned on Page 22 

• "I ' ' W" ” . 

PAGE 20 



Since Dawn of Armani, Italian Tailoring a Touchstone for 

By Richard Buckley 

M ILAN — Tailoring, always 
Italy's strongest fashion 
suit, played well on the Mi- 
lan runways earlier this 
month, particularly in the collections of 
Gucci, Dolce & Gabbana and Giorgio 
Armani, In the case of Armani, his nu- 
merous accomplishments as a tailor 
have been lionized to the point of myth- 
ology, but by far the most important of 
these efforts is the fact that the designer 
revolutionized the way men and women 
dressed in the 1980s. 

In London recently, during a con- 
versation about Armani's contributions 
to fashion, the SaviJe Row tailor Richard 
James made a telling off-the-cuff state- 
ment; Armani's greatest achievement, 
he said, was to take the English in- 
stitution of tailoring and make it Italian. 

“Before Armani,” James continued, 
“people thought of England as the epit- 
ome of tailoring, and then Armani stole 
the spotlight. Suddenly, Italian was glam- 



body, while be completely redefined the 
international working woman with what 
came to be known as the “power suit.” 
In short, Armani created a new sartorial 
language and made tailoring sexy. 

In the 20 years since Armani became a 
household word, the whole work! has 
crane to associate Italian-tailored cloth- 
ing with luxury, quality and style. This 
was not always the case. For decades. 

Most Italians say 
that the best tailors 

today still come from 
Naples or Sicily. 

the modernism and sensuality of Ar- 
mani's fashion underscored societal 
changes and existing perceptions of 
gender and sexuality as expressed 
through clothing. The designer took the 
structure out of men's suits with softer 
construction and fabrics that draped the 

Italian tailoring carried the stigma of 
bordering on flashy and sleazy. Tight 
fitting, shiny Italian suits were synon 
ymous with Mafia dons or gigolos. 

Although its roots are fundamentally 
English, tailoring has always been key 
to Italian fashion. The sartorial custom 
dates back to the early 1 9th century 
when the tailors of Naples served the 
Bourbon monarchy of me Kingdom of 
the Two Sicilies. Most Italians say that 
the best tailors today still come from 
Naples or Sicily. The designer Antonio 
Fusco, who comes closest to marrying 
the artisan tradition to an industrial 

Young U.S. Designers 
Savor the Joys of Italy 

Financial Baddng and a Quest for New Ideas 

By Sarah Mower 

M ILAN — What is this ra- 
ging love affair between 
Italy and American design- 
ers? The head count of 
American talent in Milan rises every 
season: Tom Ford is at Gucci. Rebecca 
Moses designs at Genny, Richard Tyler 
just debuted at Bybios and Lawrence 
Steele is cutting a name fra himself 
independently in Milan. 

The Itahan-American connection 
may seem extreme distance-wise, but 
America has enthusiastically assimil- 
ated Italian tastes and products for 
years: think of cafe latte and foe fact foal 
20 years ago, American women were 
the first to jump into Giorgio Armani 
executive suits. 

American designers and Northern 
Italians re/are. They share an instinct for 
functional luxuries honed to ease lives 
that are now almost as speedy in Milan 
as they are in New York or Chicago. 

“Milan is not unlike 
New York,” says Sara , 

Kapp, who works with ** 

Lawrence Steele. “It’s x - ' / - ; „ •?.' 
the industrial quality, and : • V';’. 
physically it’s small, like ^ £. : k 

Manhattan. Creative busi- ^ 1 

ness people get things f' ' /S I 
done here. And people are V 
particularly generous and Ji 

enthusiastic about wel- 
coming Americans. ’ * 

Perhaps the only surprising thing 
about the influx of American designers 
into Italy is that it didn ’t happen before. 
Since World War II. a whole generation 
of designers stayed in America, needing 
only to service the domestic market. 

Now the market is global, and young 
Americans, unable to operate at home, 
have discovered that the source of all 
beautifully made, brilliantly distributed 
fashion is Italy. 

The Gucci paradigm says it all. The 
particularly Italian story of how an 
American designer revived a declining 
brand has set every left-behind money- 
man in the European fashion industry 
scrambling to copy the formula. 

But Gucci's climb back from its 1993 
bankruptcy was a long haul, a high risk 
and only happened because of an act of 
faith on the part both of Tom Ford and 
Domenico De Sole, the Italian CEO. 

De Sole was raised in Rome, edu- 
cated at Harvard Law School and ran 
Gucci in America for eight years. More 
important, he never lost his native in- 
stinct for the supremacy of a quality 
product that can only be made in his 
country. If any one of these modem 
Italian ingredients had been different. 
Gucci might never have gelled at all. 

De Sole is not the only Italian fashion 
executive with a long-term vision. 
Around the tum of the decade, others 
also began to lock onto the idea that 
simple American sportswear projected 
by marketing-smart, English-speaking 
-individuals would be the key to future 
global sales and communication. 

For one. foe manufacturer Donatella 
Girombelli — a great bellwether for 
changes in fashion direction — hired 
Rebecca Moses, a young New Yorker, 
to bring a minimalist look to the Genny 

Since 1973, Girombelli has chan- 
neled every successive trend from 
power shoulders to pouffe to plain 
cashmere knits. 

At the appropriate times, Gianni Ver- 
sace, Claude Montana. Christian 
Lacroix and Dolce & Gabbana have 
been hired to beat up her product 
Tyler showed the perfect example of 

V • . •» 

• :L 

■ *«.' . =■". . • 

foe Italian technique for Byblos last 
week: a collection that processed cur- 
rent ideas from Gucci and Helmut Lang 
to make them accessible to a pan- Amer- 
ican, transglobal customer. 

Girombelli said, ‘T like to keep my 
eyes open. I need change. And Amer- 
icans understand the real meaning of 
fashion now — not for the catwalk, but 
for malting business. Their understand- 
ing and our capabilities in quality and 
doing things properly makes a beautiful 

Another protagonist is Gilmar, 
owned by the Gerani family. In 1993, 
Giuliana and her son, Paolo, scouted 
New York. They chose their moment 
well. New American designers were 
just emerging on a surge of MTV fame 
and crashing into the realization that 
financial support and quality production 
in the Unitea States were virtually im- 
possible to find 

Paolo Gerani. at 33 part of the same 
generation as Marc Jacobs and Anna 
Sui, says: “We were looking for fresh 
air. There was a depres- 
sion in Europe, ana no 
| ideas, but we saw U.S. 

! \ r designers had the best in- 

• • terpretation of simple 

•' ■*. streetwear.” 

Sui was in Los 
Angeles, consulting an 
astrologer who assured 
v _ her she was about to have 
MflP * a new job. “Then I had 
this mysterious phone 
call from these people, and I got such a 
good feeling from it I got straight on the 
plane to Italy to talk to them.” 

Sui tried out by consulting for the 
company. She liked the relationship and 
licensed her name to design “Sui by 
Anna Sui.” Now for fall Gilmar will 
launch every designer's biggest bid for 
commercial success: a jeans tine, sup- 
ported by an advertising campaign shot 
by Steven Meisel. 

Sui says working with an Italian com- 
pany is “the biggest luxury.” 

“In New York,” she added *Tm 
only just managing to finance my own 
label and we’re so Limited in people and 
resources I have to check everything, 
including who puts out the trash. Gilmar 
has someone in charge of buttons. ’ ’ 

She contrasts Italian and American 
manufacturing standards starkly. "In 
Italy, it's the most rewarding thing to go 
to tittle factories that can, say, still do the 
most beautiful knitwear stitches on ma- 
chinery that has been there for 80 years 
— machinery that hasn't been thrown 
out or sold to the Orient long ago. 
There's touches of that left in America, 
but mostly factories have been sold two 
or three times to bigger corporations, or 
they aren't even manufacturing in this 
country any more.” 

Trans-Atlantic designing may be the 
nearest-perfect answer for both Amer- 
ican designers and Italian manufactur- 
ers, but what about foe killer air miles? 

Sui and Jacobs insist on staying 
plugged into New York, their energy 
point, while assistants do the shuttling 
with Gilmar' s samples. 

Tyler, however, is figuring out how to 
live between bases in New York. Los 
Angeles and Ancona. 

Mean wh Lie. Rebecca Moses, who has 
her own label of deeply luxurious 
cashmere as well as her job at Genny, 
and Lawrence Steele, once of Prada and 
Moschino and a promising independent, 
have given into their very good fortune 
and settled in Milan. 

America's loss is Italy's gain. 

structure, was bom in Naples, while 
Domenico Dolce of Dolce & Gabbana 
learned his craft as a child in his father's 

tailor shop in Sicily. 

In foe 1950s ana 1960s, there was a 
moment when Hollywood invaded Italy 
and the Roman tailors Brioni, Carlo 
Palazi and Bruno de Angeiis flourished, 
dressing such movie stars as Gary 
Cooper, Henry Fonda, Clark Gable and 
Tyrone Power. But when the movie 
business fizzled, so did the custom cli- 

entele. Industrially produced clothing, 
and the growth of fashion as big bust- 

* i .u ■ i ivin* j 

ness, took hold in foe 1970s and even- 
tually brought about the rise of design- 
ers like Armani, Gianni Versace and 
Gianfranco Ferre. 

Since the concept of designer clothes 

is relatively new in Italy, Italian men, 
and many women, with any pretension 
to taste or style employ a custom tailor. 
The most famous of these is Caraceni in 
Milan, who has made suits for Gianni 
Agnelli and Ralph Lauren. 

Besides the homegrown talent. Italy 
has also drawn a Who's Who of in- 
ternational designers who are counting 
on Italian know-how to give them a 
quality product- The. collections of Al- 
exander McQueen and Helmut Lang, 
who presented a “luxury” line in Paris 
last week, are produced by Gibo. The 
Americans Calvin Klein and Donna 
Karan, to name rally two, work m Italy. 
In January, Karan showed her men's 
collection in Milan. 

“Italy/' she says, * ‘has a deep respect 

for foe artistry of fashion. The tailors, 
the fabric mills and the factories are the 
best in foe world and I've relied on them 
from the day I started my company.” 

& // r A<- . - .. . 

SARAH MOWER is fashion features 
director of Harpers' Bazaar. 

raoul et curly 

Coming to Paris you must visit foe best duty free in town. 

All major brand perfumes and cosmetics. 
gtfts: Handbags by Lagerfeld. C Lacroix. Nina Rica. 
YS L.. C Lacroix, Lagerfeld. Ties by Lanvin. Cerruti .. 

Silk scams. Watches by Baume & Merrier, Ebel .. 

47 avenue de TOpdra 75002 PARIS 
Tel: 01 47 42 50 10 - Metro Optra 

Fall 1 997, from the top : Lawrence Steele's fringed dress and plaid wrap ; 
Iceberg's Lurex sweater and " crocodile' 1 skin; Genny's tailored pantsuit. 

J IL Sander is another designer who 
has worked in Italy since the be- 
ginning. Sander wanted to snake 
exquisite tailored garments for 
women, and she says that Italian skip 
gave her the opportunity not only to 
experiment with new kinds of construe- 
non and cutting, but also to collaborate 
with high-end menswear textile mills to 
produce suiting fabrics light enough for 

women ’s apparel 

For women, tailoring has crane , to 
mean clothes that are effortlessly ad- 
aptable to their lives. Women have 
come to appreciate foe cut of a jacket or 
a pair of trousers as much as men do. 

“Good tailoring is a luxury which 
permits a person to be above fitsirion,” 
says Alberto Biani, who is known fra his 
tailored clothes with an edge. “To wear 
a classic, well-cut jacket with a pair of 
hip trousers is a contemporary way of 
dressing that avoids being a slave to 
fashion. This concept of modern tail- 
oring offers clothes which are strong 
and never go out of style.” 

That idea is reflected in Siam's 
Spring adver tising c amp aign, which was 
shot by Bob Ricrfiardsoru a photographer 
whose haunting images helped to define 
foe '60s. The campaign features the 

.model MillaJovovich in a jacket, white 

shirt and low-slung pleated frouseiv , 
Biani is just one of a handful of < 
designers who are giving a spfotodas- - 
sic tailoring. - 

Alberto Aspesi, for example, is . 
something of a fashion ph^ranenon m 
foal he does not consider himseti affe- • 
signer, (toes not give interview ?nd 
does not present fashion shoffii-.Xjte. .. . 

he is a * ‘businessman with style.” ' 

In Italy the. Aspesi label has : 

following, and women especially like . 
bis sober, pure tailored forms in new and . _ - 
unusual fabrics. Aspesi 's credo wr -The V.I 
simpler a shape, the stronger its unpasSL. ; • 
On the otter end of the spectrum is 
Carol Christian Poeti, an Austrian who? 
lives and works in Milan . He offers, 
clothes that are. avant garde in except,. . , 
but that rely heavily on precision tril- . 
oring. Although Poell designs only Tor . . . 
men, his jackets, trousers and coats arc ; ;. 
eagerly sought after by women. ” :r;/t ' 
Although fashions come and go, futif 
tailoring is integral to Italian culture and *- 
will, therefore, always play an impra- - ' 

tant role in this country’s fashion history • . 
For foe rest of the world, meanwhile, the - 
clothing produced here will continue to- 
be associated with richness, hixury and. . 
the best that money can buy. _ 

a,-- . ■■■■’ : ■ 

RICHARD DUCKLEY is a fashion and 
lifestyle writer based in Parish 

In a City of Traditions, 
Shunning the Message 

Washington Women Feel Belittled by Froufrou 

By Robin Givhan 

W ASHINGTON — The oc- 
casion, not too long ago, 
was a fancy, but intimate, 
luncheon welcoming the 
young designer Heidi Weasel to Wash- 
ington. A handful of women, her best 
customers and some prospective ones, 
were seated around a table discussing 
fashion trends. Weisel’s colleague 
wondered what die Washingtonians 
thought about the disappearance of 
pantyhose from the runway. Would they 
ever not wear hose? 

It must have been the gasp heard 
around the Beltway. Baby boomers raid 
matrons alike shook their heads in dis- 
may. if a woman were to consider her- 
self dressed appropriately and pro- 
fessionally, pantyhose was an 
absolute requirement. 

In matters of fashion, Washing- 
ton is a city of traditions:^ Talbots 
coatdresses. Sl John knits, Fer- 
ragamo pomps, Chanel handbags, 
Oscar de la Renta luncheon suits, 
Hermes scarves and pantyhose re- 
gardless of the heat or humidity. 

Without fail, women emerging 
from Washington's subways have 
prepared for their workday by 
dressing in skirts that fell to a rather 
dowdy length about three inches (8 
centimeters) below the knee. 

There are exceptions, of course. 

There are women who arrive at 
their offices dressed in chic Jil 
Sander trouser suits or sleek Dolce 
& Gabbana floral slip dresses 
tucked under a silk sweater. But 
there remains an enormous con- 
tingent of women who at first 
glance seem to breathe life into the 
stereotype that Washington women 
are unconcerned with fashion. 

How far from the truth. 

In fact, Washington women are 
deeply concerned about fashion. 

They worry that fashion belittles 
them and treats them not as work- 
ing, intelligent adults but as dec- 
orative ornaments. They are con- 
cerned that the industry tries to 
impose its rules without a thought 
to women's needs. And mostly, Mic 
they worry that fashion does not aid as a 
them in their daily mission — 
which, among other things, includes be- 
ing taken seriously as a person of au- 
thority and importance. 

Washington revolves around power. 
Yet much of women’s fashion is de- 
scribed with words like sexy , romantic or 
carefree. These are words that a woman 
rarely wants used to describe her wok- 
day persona. Women in Washington 
don't want clothes that speak and send 
messages. The wearers would rather be 
personally responsible for that. 

Consider when, about a year ago, 
Hillary Rodham Clinton went off to 
meet the grand jury that was inves- 
tigating Whitewater. The first lady wore 
a coal that had been in her closet for 
many years. It was a full-length black 
swing coat with gold trim on die cuffs 
and an abstract, art deco-style pattern on 
the back. 

Before she had even given a word of 
testimony, folks began talking about the 
coat and about how the back of it was 
adorned with a dragon. What did it mean 
that she bad chosen to wear such a 
threatening coat to the hearing? What 
was die trying to say? Is she portraying 
herself as the dragon lady? 

There was no dragon. But that's what - 
some people saw when they looked at i 
foe decoration on ter coat So for good i 
reason, Washington women don’t like i 
flashy trim. They don't like anything too 
iny that could be misinterpreted. i 

Since a woman can't get rid of foe i 
clothes, a lot of women, particularly i 
political ones, try to rid their clothes of i 
anything too attention-grabbing and 
fashiony. Washington's one industry, i 
government, dominates foe city’s t 
tempo, tone and style. Young women s 

follow foe lead oftheir peers. So it is not i 

uncommon to see women in their 20s - 
dressed in the bow-topped Fenagamo I 
low-heeled pumps favored by upper / 

management matrons. Evening dress' 
tends to be jost as conservative because- 
in Washington, a party is rarely simply 
an occasion on which to socialize.' 
Parties have agendas and goals. ;■ 

One of Donna Karan's burned-dot 
velvet frocks might be wonderfully: 
erotic and sensual, but it could; be a 
distraction if a woman plans' to spend 
bra evening talking policy over drinks 
with braids of state. 

But the current trend of minimalist 
matte jersey gowns has been embraced 
by Washington. In these dresses, w of. 
men find that they can look feminine, as- 
well as sophisticated. And the design 
team Badgley Mischka has made great 
inroads in foe Washington social world 
with their glittering evening dresses.. 
(Sequins are OJt. in Washington be-. . 

Michelle Pfeiffer’s take on career chic 
as an architect in "One Fine Da\. ” . 

cause they are a traditional style offram- 
ality.) The dresses are form-fitting but 
mostly covered up. More importantly, 
some of Washington's top socialites; 
such as Buffy Cafritz, have given foe 
young designers foe nod of approvaL 

W OMEN in Washington de- 
mand a lot from fashion. It ; 
has to be comfortable, 
practical, attractive, dis^ 
tractive, appropriate, appropriate, ap- ’ ■ 
propriate. Most often, fashion fails 
them. And so, they pass on fashion and 
go in search of uniforms. 

“The government is about a sort of - 
military sensibility, about conformity,” 

®?£® 1 Fi theri “ e Lippencott, author lif 
Well Rounded,’ a new style guide 
aimed at plus size women. Lippencott 
grew up in Texas, worked for years in 

« . VS a ? d now lives in foe heart of Jfe- 
offiag! Washington Georgetown. 
Women here don 't warn to rock the 
says- “I think they want to 

Olend in. 

m < $0S* st ' stasis women in 
to put on a little 
show. On Madison Avenue, it's a run- 
way show. They want to show how 
power, money and fashion are all con- 
nected, she says. “They’ve got to be 
there m equal foinis.” * * 

In Washington, power and money 
rarely are expressed in fashion. Those 

2 th P»»er in the capital are 

not necessarily those with foe mos t 

™5a or die greatest fashion sense. 

Will Washington 

?W fashion? ...I . , OU y “ 

* i. leaves 

" l v. 

ESEJVU ^ it when 
15 shocking, but simply is new. ^ 




, 1 




PAGE 21 


Denim and the Italian Connection: Couturiers Make Their Mark on Jeans 


■ - 

>!• 4 *. 

By Pat McColl 


lARIS — While three of the 
I newest boutiques here have two 
things in common — Italian ori- 
gins and a proclivity for denim 
— that is where the resemblance ends. 

Denim and that Italian connection 
also link Christian Lacroix, the first 
French couturier to put his signature on 
a jeans line. 

Si, which opened, at the end of Janu- 
ary at 52 Rue Etienne Marcel, emphas- 
izes secondary lines of top Italian 

names: Gianni Versace Jeuns Couture, 
Gianfranco Ferre Jeans. J&Ans by 
Dolce & Gabbana, D&G and Exte. All 
are manufactured by the Italian firm 

A few blocks away, at 26 Rue de la 
Reynie, Diesel is the first Paris boutique 
for the $380 million Italian denim com- 
pany whose specialties are jeans and 

The Replay Store Passy, at 1 Passy 
Plaza, like Diesel, opened in December. 
The shop is headquarters for a style it 
characterizes as branche ef d f contract c. 
or hip and relaxed, for men, women and 

children. Everything in the store has a 
Replay label. 

For Si and Diesel, the shop openings 
signal a renewal of interest in the Place 
des Victoires and Les Halles areas, 
shopping meccas of the early to mid- 

‘"You can feel things are happening 
in this neighborhood again," says Ger~ 
aid Didni£ manager of the Si boutique. 
He points out that Marithe and Francois 
Girbaud have just reopened at their 
former location a few doors away. 
There’s a new jewelry boutique. Doch e 
Vana, at 32 Rue Etienne Marcel, plus 

Insatiable Appetite of Handbag Addicts 

By Roger Tredre 

./ . 

L ondon — what’s up with 

handbags? The women who 
shop can't get enough of them. 
Handbags are like dices. 
People develop obsessions about them. 

. Right now. half world seems 
to be sharing that obsession. 

... J sought enlightenment from shop- 
pers on London '5 Sloane Street. Car- 
oline Fuller, 36, was carrying a classic 
. bamboo-handled Gucci bag. “I suppose 
it’s- an addiction.'' she admitted. "A 
great bag makes you feel real special/’ 
Even journalists have abandoned 
: their usual practiced cool. At last 
> month’s shows in London, froni-row 
editors played spot-the-bag as enthu- 
siastically as they noted the clothing 
■trends on the runways. 

Lulu Anderson, fashion editor of the 
► Daily Telegraph’s Saturday magazine. 

\ is the handbag buyers’ Imelda Marcos 
' who bought shoes like the rest of us buy 
cookies. At the last count, Anderson had 
1 00 handbags in her wardrobe, most still 
primly wrapped in their original boxes 
and tissue paper. But you might want to 
add a couple more to that number by the 
time you read this. 

Her favorite purchase? A tiny white, 
patent leather Gucci bag. bought in a 
thrift shop. * * I hate going out without the 
right bag,” says Anderson. “It's like 
having scuffed shoes. I feel wrong." 

Mosr women know how she feels. 
The right handbag can transform the 
simplest of dresses into something spe- 
cial. The British designer Bill Amberg, 
who is producing a new collection of 
shimmer suede evening bags for the fall, 
goes further: “It’s a subliminal thing. 
It’s about silhouette and about touch. 
Bags are very tactile/ ’ 

Am berg’s compatriot. Anya Hind- 
march. also plays up the sensuality: “It 
makes vou feel sexy and feminine. I get 
a real iwzz out of unwrapping a new 
handbag, sitting there like a gem on a 
bed of tissue. It beats chocolate every 

time/’ Handbags might go out of fash- 
ion, but they always fit the “wearer.” 
Handbags are a size-free zone. This is 
cause for celebration in an era when 
size- 12-plus women tend to feel neg- 
lected by the cutting-edge designers. 

The more expensive, the better. Exot- 
ic materials are in demand again, ran- 
ging from ostrich to lizard and cro- 
codile. The motto is: If it moves, bag it. 
At London Fashion Week. Bella 
Freud’s witty handbag ad- 
orned with a* squashed faux- 
leopard, complete with free- 
hanging tail, took that motto to 
its logical conclusion. 

These days, it is never too 
early to acquire a handbag. 

Louisa Barham, head of press 
relations at Hermes's British 
subsidiary, has her eve on a miniature 

evening bags adorned with intricate 
beading. Or how about Chanel’s metal 
mesh bags with plastic-bubble pock- 

Leading the bag pack are Prada and 
Gucci, still by far the most influential 
names in accessories. At last fall’s Mi- ; 
pel. the leather goods trade show in •• 
Milan, every second stall displayed a 
near-copy of Prada' s monochrome 
tones or Gucci’s bamboo trims. 

Revenues for leather goods 
are showing phenomenal in- 
creases at Gucci. In the third 
quarter of 1996. they jumped • 
95 percent vear-on-year to 
5129 million "— outpacing all 
other product categories at 

Domenico De Sole, pres- -C 
idem of Gucci, said onlv shoes — that 

Patrick Cox at 62 Rue Tiquetonne and 
Joseph, just down the block. 

At Si. light pours into the two-level, 
280- square-meter ( 3 .000 -sq ua re-foot > 
store. A curving pale wood staircase, 
outlined in stainless steel, joins 
menswear on the main floor to the wo- 
men’s and accessories areas upstairs. 

"Sure, we have jeans/' Didnik says 
.“But they are jeans dim don’t have 
anything to do with ‘jeans.’ “ He pulls 
out a pair of buttercup-yellow trousers 
primed all over with tiny palm trees 
-from Versace Jeans Couture and a 
'honey-colored denim blouson enerus- 
ited with eyelet emhroidery from J&Ans 
bv Dolce & Gabbana. Most of Si’s jeans 
.have stretch added to the fabric. 

From the D&G collection, a beige 
linen and viscose pantsuit, the jacket in 
crunchy lace, is a favorite of 
Madonna’s. Early best-sellers with both 
men and women are the cropped sweat- 
ers with Dolce & Gabbana intarsias. 

At Diesel, shop personnel said they 
knew things were picking up when 
members of the French football team 
stopped in to buy jeans. 

While the Diesel label is on other 
pieces of clothing, it’s the jeans that 
everyone wants, especially the models 
for rollerblading or .skateboarding or the 
newest menswear style. "The Fank." a 
re-working of the mid-1970s flare- 

Replay, pan of the Fashion Box 
group, was founded in 1978 and orig- 
inally just made I950s-inspired shirts. 
Jeans were added in 1989. and by 1990 
the company was selling a million pairs 

t ■ ' 

f r'fr \ ‘ 

Above left, from Christian Lacroix's Jeans summer collection, four denim- 
based outfits. Above, marble -patterned jeans from Dolce &. Gabbana. 

a year. Current sales are around $171 

The Replay store in Passy. along with 
the clothes, which range from the ubi- 
quitous jeans in a paint-box array of 
colors to sophisticated separates, there 
are dolls dressed in miniature Replay 
outfits. Replay baseball caps and Re- 
play Cafe tableware printed with the 
Replay logo. 

Given the conservative reputation of 
the area, the boutique manager said she 
wasn’t sure what clientele the shop 
would attract when it opened three 
months ago. Now she describes Replay 

shoppers as everyone from the “with 
it” 14-year-old to her mother. 

For Christian Lacroix, the philosophy 
behind the couture house's jeans col- 
lection is to reach a bigger public and to 
take a couture approach to simple fabrics 
like denim or cotton patchworks. The 
jeans line, now in its third season and 
showcased in his boutique at 2-4 Place 
St-Sulpice. is produced and distributed 
by another Italian firm. Gilmar. 

PAT MCCOLL is a Paris-based jour- 
nalist who specialties in shopping and 
fashion topics. 

15 -centimeter- i&incn)- navy-blue box - other great fashion obsession — came 

calf Kelly bag for Annabel, her eight- 
monih-old daughter. “Well, maybe J'li 
wait for her second birthday before 1 
give it to her.” 

It might take that long for the bag to 
arrive. Waiting lists for the most 
coveted bags ar the big name luxury 
goods houses extend to several months. 
Back in the early '90s. when the Prada 
nylon bag boom was in full swing. I 
tried buying one in Paris for a friend and 
was advised to fly to Milan. 

F ASHIONS in handbags are 
moving faster. For much of the 
’80s. choosing the right hand- 
bag was a straightforward task: 
you simply bought yourself a Chanel 

3 uil ted bag with a chain handle, even if 
re acquisition entailed a mortgage ex- 
tension on your house. 

By contrast, styles have been zipping 
through at an energetic pace since the 
mid-’90s. The shorr-bandJed bag. el- 
egant and ladylike in a traditional sense, 
sold well last year and is still a winner. 
But big practical bags, such as shoppers, 
are also making a comeback. Other 
trends to watch: tortoiseshell handles, 
reptile prints. Chinese silks, and little 

anywhere near matching the perfor- 
mance of leather goods. 

French houses Hermes and Louis 
Vuitton are also on a roll. The biggest 
seller at Hermes, the £2.000 (S3.2Q0). 
32-centimeter box calf Kelly bag, is 
rarely seen on the shelves; wiring' lists 
worldwide of three months or more in- 
stantly swallow up all available pro- 
duction: the List in London currently has 
120 people. 

Louis Vuitton. owned by Bernard 
.Arnault’s LVMH (Moet Hennessy 
Louis Vuittoni group, anticipates a 
surge in demand following the arrival of 
American Marc Jacobs at the design 
helm. The company’s largest store 
worldwide is slated to open next fall iu 
London’s New Bond Street. 

Smaller specialist designers have be-" 
nefited from the rise of the luxury goods 
houses. Anya Hindmarch. who has a 
range of seductive asymmetric shapes 
ready for next fall, notes: “Prada and 
Gucci have been good for us all.” ? 

The shoppers on Sloane Street cer- 
tainly agreed with that 

ROGER TREDRE is a fashion-features 
writer on The Obscn'er. 


Unisex Revisited or Growing Up in ’90s! 

By Hilary Alexander 


ILAN — In the hot, heav- 
ing. clubby throng of a store 
opening in London, a tink- 
r — i mg hand reaches over my 
der to snag a canape. The nails are 
ed metallic blue, the fingers ringed 
I tic silver bells, the wrist encircled 
the fluffy, pink cuff of an angora 

Ita boy? Is it a girl? Who knows? 
ogyny is the latest buzzword for 
10s and unisex is die sex that sells, 
rpening is for Browns Focus, in hip 
iMolion street. The store is the 
driUof Caroline Collts daughter 
le Bursieins. the family behind 
us, perhaps London s most fa- 
i designer label boutique, 
ere are no separate 
» ns wear departments in Browns 
s E^one chooses from the same 
stuffed^ with the no-frills, no-fuss 
lean, flat-front trousers Mid T- 
that don’t separate the girls from 

ere is the new jeanswear Ime bytbe 

ian Helmut Lang- F^omriie YMC 
(You Must Create), fronted by 
r Moss there are the urbanwear 
rikred pieces in rubberized canvas 

HOlTlHAra • 

means ot communism 
dirzer’s iconoclastic Fata* Beach 
ie - and Evisu, inspired by the 


f Japanese desire and A* 0 ***? 
Itarein pure indigo-blue hand- 

loomed denim. Jeans cost £250 (5400); 
being hip, young and urban in the New 
Millenium sometimes requires a certain 
degree of “old money/' 

The mood has for some seasons been 
personified by the “no sex, we’re Brit- 
ish” attitude of Britpop icons like Jarvis 
Cocker of Pulp, Suede’s Bren Anderson 
and boy-meets-girl rockers Damon Al- 
bum of Blur and his partner, Justine 
Frischroann of Elastica. It is the leit- 
motif of all those Calvin Klein ads and it 
has spread like a computer virus into the 
music-media mainstream. 

When Meg Matthews, girlfriend of 
Oasis kingpin. Noe! Gallagher, turned up 
to watch Patsy Kensit model for Ben de 
List at the recent London Fashion Week, 
she wore a “Union Jack” T-shirt by 
Stella McCartney with red and white 
motocross leathers. 

At the showing by People Corpo- 
ration, the aristo-with-attitude Iris 
Palmer and the New York actress Chloe 
Sevigny , hand-in-hand, played the * ‘His 
and Hers” roles toperfecrion- Iris wore 
a dandy-tailcoat; Chloe, the roller blad- 
ing street waif-tumed-screeri-star, a 
tattered “slur” dress. The “Pretty 
Boy” male models, with raffish page- 
boy haircuts, wore pink velvet suits. 

' The latest ad for Kenar sportswear, 
blown-up on the sides of . New York 
buses, shows supennodel Linda Evan- 
gelista in a white ringlet, about to kiss a 
mirror male image ot herself. Mick and 
Bianca revisited? 

The current round of European ready- 
to-wear shows in Milan and Paris, 
however,, are showing that designers 
while keen to cash in on the New Uni- 
sex, are clearly aiming at rite customer 
who can remember getting glittered up 

to David Bowie’s Aladdin Sane. In Mi- 
lan. Dolce & Gabbana’s clever cross- 
dressing mixed “His” pinstriped, gang- 
ster suits and clerical coats with “Her’ ** 
Dolce Vita furs and corset-dresses. 

Miuccia Prada, at Prada. crossed 
heavy army khaki trousers with 
diamante-trimmed chiffon vests amt in 
Paris, Valentino opened his new VZ^ne 
collection with the cold, hard concrete 
greys of inner city tower blocks, con- 
trasting sharp, boyish drain-pipes with 
provocative, draped chiffon camisoles. 

The two cutting-edge shows of tihe 
Paris season — John Galliano for Dior 
and Alexander McQueen for Givenchy 
— however, have majored on a woman 
who so enjoys being a girl, she may have 
no interest or time m sloughing it all' off 
to look like the boy next-door. Spike 
heels are the footwear of the season: 
slash-front mini skirts have refocused 
attention on the thigh; waists are defined 
with a potent female sexuality no Har- 
rington jacket can endow; tight drain- 
pipes define pert buttocks in contrast to 
the baggy shroud of combat trousers 
which could be concealing either boyish 
hips or Monroesque curves. 

Like grunge, the thrift-shop, street- 
fashion mood of the early ’90s which 
attempted to transmogrify into high- 
priced designer labels, there is a short 
shelf life in the fashion jungle for a look 
which can be too easily picked up in 
remnant bins or be based on an ex- 
boyfriend's cast-off. : 

Or just maybe, is '90s' androgyny the 
dividing line between the grftwn-ups 
and the growing-ups? 

HILARY .4LEXANDER is' fashion 
writer for the Daily Telegraph. 

PACE 22 



Political Undertones: As Handover Nears, Hong Kong Designers Speak Out 

By Jenni Meili Lau 

H ONG KONG — With the shift 
to Chinese sovereignty almost 
upon them, Hong Kong fash- 
ion designers are asserting 
their views on the handover via die cat- 
walk. Jackets bearing die Chinese flag, 
transparent cheongsams and dresses 
covered with anti-colonial calligraphy 
are among their latest statements. 

“I don’t have very optimistic feelings 
about the handover,' 7 said the fashion 
designer Peter Lau. “I fear restrictions 
will be placed on free expression. 1 ' 

At die Hong Kong Fashion Week this 
year, Lau debuted his auramn/winter ’97 
collection, “A Winter Under The Red 
Flag,” by sending six blindfolded, 
wrist-bound models strutting down the 
runway in Chinese flag-inspired outfits. 
One ensemble included a red jacket em- 
blazoned with five yellow stars over a 
pair of blue flared pants artfully slit to 
reveal Red China flag bikini bottoms. 

The collection represented a sense of 
“rebelliousness and progressiveness in 
what could be a time of suppression.” 
said Lau. 

Lau's politically motivated designs 
stem from his own experience with cen- 
sorship. At last year's fashion week, he 
displayed a tine that similarly used the 

Chinese flag motif on an array of cam- 
isoles, undergarments and miniskirts. 
According to Lau. foe Hong Kong Trade 
Development Council, coordinator of 
the biannual fashion event, “banned 
publicity photographs of the outfits and 
edited them out of the official video.” 

Winnie Hui, a spokesperson for the 
council, said. “We send out photos to 
the media that are technically OJK., and 
of course we edit the video so it will be of 
better quality. But we didn’t intention- 
ally leave out any specific outfits.” 

Lau maintains that his Chinese 
designs were intentionally supj 
because organizers feared that mainland 
officials would find them offensive. 

“Being censored pushed me to be 
outrightly political this year — to ex- 
press my concern that creativity might 
collapse after the handover.”' be said. 

“Last year I wasn't trying to be political. 

I just wanted to make a twist on what 
people feel about the Chinese national 
flag, which they associate with very 
powerful, cold and serious things- I 
wanted to give it a very feminine, soft 
arid humorous feeling. But apparently, 
not everyone saw the humor in it.” 

Some local designers are already 
waxing nostalgic about pre-handover 
life. Pacino Wan. for example, fashioned 
a series of retro outfits ranging from 
skirts embellished with hand-painted 

Jatn MoU Lai 

The designer Peter Lau fears "a time of suppression” may be at hand. 

flowers reminiscent of the 1960s and 
1970s style denim outfits with red- 
stitched seams and pocket borders. 

“At this time, local people have a 
nostalgic feeling about Hong Kong in 
the good old days,’* Wan sard. “They 
don't know how life here will change, so 
they find comfort in the past.” 

Another recent line of Wan's pays 
tri bute to present-day Hong Kong. Using 
mass consumerism as his muse, he cre- 
ated a series of tongue-in-cheek designs 
that debuted at this year's fashion week. 
He unveiled a dress made out of instant 
noodle packages, a faux fried-egg cape 
and a full-length gown resembling a 

bottle of soy milk. He also introduced^ 
full-length/ sleeveless frock made en- 
tirely of pink rubber gloves, as an ode to 
Hong Kong’s domestic workers. 

Such idiosyncratic showpieces cre- 
ated a stir on the runway, but just bow 
practical they are for ready-to-wear re- 
mains to be seen. ' 

“When they get translated into retail. 
I'll have to intake alterations and com- 
promises/' said Wan, assuring that ul- 
timately his message will remain die 
same, namely dial Hong Kong possesses 
an inimitable cultural identity. 

‘ ‘Local people don’t say they are Brit- 
ish or Chinese, but Hong Kongese,” 
Wan said. “A lot of outsiders complain 
that Hong Kong has no culture and that 
. local designers always get their ideas 
from Paris or Milan. But to find good 
ideas here ismot hard.” 

After -years, of taking their creative 
cues from Western couturiers, native 
designers "are increasingly looking 
homeward for ideas. 

“Hong Kbng fashions follow Milan. 
Paris ana New York too much," said die 
designer William Tang. “But there is no 
point for Hoing Kong to always follow 
Paris iadicatbrs.” His recent collection 
features dresses, tops and pleated or- 
ganza wraps primed with the calligraph- 
ic street graffiti oFTsangTso-choi.76. a 
local artist known as The King of 

Kowloon, who has been 
lampposts and bridges throughout the 
colony for over three decades. 

“Tsatm's work is a street, icon. It s 
something local people have grown up 
with/’ Tang said. “At ftrsi we hated rt 
because it made our streets aaty.and 
untidy, and then from that slagMve 
moved on to appreciate hrs playful style 
of calligraphy and what he was actually 

writing about-’’ : 

Though decidedly lighthearted m 
tone. Tsang's graffiti has been called 
“anti-colonial” because it describes huj 
experiences under British rule: specif- 
ically how his family's land was con- 
fiscated by the colonial government, . 

By using Tsang's graffiti on his domes,- 
Tang hoped to highlight an aspect of local 
history he feels is often overlooked - 

Tm not saying that I’m pro-Chinese, 
but fora long time the British treatetrine 
Chinese here like second-class cit- 
izens, ’ ’ he said * •’Ibis is a part of history 
that people do not want to acknowledge; 
anymore. From the Western poinr of 
view, tilings in Hong Kong, will def* 
initely be bad under Chinese rule. Of 
course, the Chinese handle things dif- 
ferently, and often disappointingly so, 
but we still have to carry on.” 

based in Hong Kong. 

is a journalist 

In Crowded Market, Retailers and Brand Names Struggle to Keep Ahead in Asia 


By R. Jane Singer 

H ONG KONG — Desigoer-Ia- 
bel fashion is still in big de- 
mand in Asia, but retailers are 
finding that the good old days, 
when simply bringing these products to 
a hungry market was enough, are long 
gone. Today, with an abundance of fa- 
mous brands available, everyone has to 
fight hard for market share. 

“Every designer and brand name 
wants their own identity in the region, 
but in the last three years development 
has happened too rapidly and the con- 
sumer can’t keep up with all the new 
names,” said Mini Pun. vice president 
of Club 21. 

Retailers generally agree that Japan 
and South Korea show good prospects 
for future growth, as do Hong Kong and 
Taiwan. But all admit that right now. 
business throughout Asia is a struggle. 

“Japan has gone through a tough 
period, but the economy is definitely 
improving and so are prospects for 
brand names.” said Dorothy So. general 
manager for Bluebell, which imports 

and retails a long list of European labels 
including Christian Lacroix, Louis 
Vuitton. Anna Motinari. Wolford ho- 
siery and Givenchy. 

Bluebell is about to open a large 
Wolford shop in Japan that So says will 
be “a considerable investment,” 
though she declined to give details. 

Although Japan is often considered to 
be Asia's No. 1 market for luxury 
goods. South Korea is about to give it 
competition. A drastic reduction in im- 
port duties has opened the market for 
foreign goods and international brand 
names have rushed in. “Spending 
>wer is high and is improving,” said 
lichele Tsoi, brand manager for Ima- 
ginex, which imports and retails such 
labels as Feiragamo. YSL and Haaro. 

Roberto Dominick managing direc- 
tor of Joyce Boutiques, predicted that 
the consumption of imported fashion in 
South Korea would grow by 20 percent 
to 25 percent in 1997. According to 
Matthew Kim. corporate planning ex- 
ecutive at Shinsegae Department 
Stores, department store sales are ex- 
pected to reach $1.05 billion, a 15 per- 
cent increase over 1996. 



The British retailer Marks & Spencer 
is also confident about the market and is 
opening a new store in Seoul this yearj 

Despite the political uncertainty re- 
lated to iis position with China, Taiwan 
remains a lucrative fashion market, says 
Tsoi, who notes that “disposable in- 
come is high. There is always lots of 
money there.” 

Retailers are also starting to invest in 
Indonesia. With a population of 170 
million, rapidly rising consumer income 
and an appetite for status labels, pros- 
pects look good. 

But retailers complain that the cus- 
tomer base is still small and there are not 
many tourists yet. Nearby Singapore is a 
more important vacation destination and 
many wealthy Indonesians patronize its 
vast number of designer boutiques. 

China, once all the rage with high-end 
and low-end retailers, is seen as more of 
a long-term prospect for luxury goods. 
The biggest success stories there are the 
mass merchants who offer regional 
brand names that are made in China and 
can therefore be sold at moderate prices.. 
The brands that are entering the market 
are doing so with caution. 

“We are expanding carefully/’ says 
Angelina Bleach of Lanvin, referring "ro 
the company's China plans. She says the 
French nouse is confident about its pros- 
pects because “the male customers are 
the main spenders there and we are 
strong in raenswear.” 

One of the biggest challenges facing 
Asian retailers these days is the emer- 
gence of a “global market.” As more 
people travel for business and leisure, 
they become savvy as to what is available 
all over the world* and what it costs. 

“People know’ exactly what an item 
sells for elsewhere.” So says, “and 
somehow they will always manage to 
buy it from the place where the price is 
the cheapest. Today the consumer is 
very smart and very" much in control of 
the situation.” 

Bluebell, whose annual sales exceed 
$400 million, is trying ro work more 
closely with its suppliers ro get better 
prices, ' ‘ones that are in rune with those in 
the products country of origin.’* So says. 

Another obstacle for retailers is build- 
ing brand awareness and prestige. 
“People in Asia tend to follow fashion 
rather than lead it” Tsoi says. “They go 

for whatever is hot at the moment, re- 
gardless of whether or not it suits them.” 

To make a brand succeed requires a 
tremendous '-investment in advertising 
and promotion. “We have to be careful 
when considering new brands. We have 
had to Turn down offers from less well 
known labels because we felt the pro- 
motion-investment would be too high,” 
she explains. 

D ANIEL Kwan, regional man- 
aging director of Carsac. 
which represents Etienne 
Aigner. Frarelli Rosetti and 
Mandarina Duck, among others, agrees. 
“We spend a lot of time and effort on 
advertising, ” he says. He is banking on 
China, particularly, for sales growth. 
“Guangzhou can receive Hong Kong 
television broadcasting and publica- 
tions so our promotional efforts can 
serve two markets." he says. Carsac has 
only brought the Etienne Aigner brand 
into China so far. 

Traditionally, retailers have estab- 
lished a brand's image by opening free- 
standing “concept shops” for each label. 
As retail rents have soared, the risks of 

relying on one brand to pay the rent has 
become overwhelming. Nonetheless; 
many retailers feel that this is essential to 
successfully entering a market. 

Agnes B is taking this approach in 
Shanghai, says Donald Yau. brand man- 
ager for the French maker of women's 
apparel. “We are not entering Shanghai 
for the sake of profits, but rather to 
launch the Agnes B image," he says. ; 

' Calvin Klein, which has started on an 
aggressive expansion drive in Asia, 
plans to have one to two free-standing 
stores in all of Asia's capitol cities, says 
David Ketchum, senior vice president 
of marketing and communications. The 
company's goal is to set up 200 stores i n 
Asia by 2000. 

Despite the competition and high 
costs, more labels keep pouring into the 
market. “We are planning significant 
expansion in all these markers,” said 
So. * ‘We have to be aggressive, in tenns 
of opening shops, just to survive. Ir is i 
defensive tactic/ ’ 

R. JANE SINGER is based in Hong 
Kong, where she is editor in chief of the 
newspaper htside Fashion. 

Runways Aglitter as Gems 
Make Sparkling Comeback 

By Vivienne Becker 

L ONDON — Fashion has had 
an awakening. After their re- 
cent blitz on glitz, designers 
have seen the light and it is 
coming from the sparkle of diamonds, 
the luster of pearls, the gleam of gold. 
Jewelry is back on the runway, only 
this time it’s for real. 

Chanel, the house that “invented” 
costume jewelry, showed fine jewelry 
with couture for the first time, adding 
buttons of diamonds and pearls and an 
18-carat gold mesh hat by the British 
designer Slim Barrett. 

Oscar de la Renta at Balmain 
flaunted breath takingly valuable pearl 
necklaces and studded jackets with 
burtons of shimmering South Sea 
pearls, the “couture” of cultured 
pearls, in creamy white, steely grey and 
exotic black. It is a marriage made in 
heaven, a precious jewel, the ultimate 
accessory, worn with the world’s most 
exquisite clothes. 

There have been other attempts to 
sprinkle gems along die catwalk, no- 
tably John Galliano’s liaison with Van 
Cleef & Arpels and Marc Jacobs ce- 
lestial scattered diamonds a few years 
ago. but this year's gems and pearls 
form a more integral part of the look. 
It is curious that first along this glit- 

tering path was Chanel foe couturier 
who turned the jewel rules upside down 
in the 1920s. making fabulously faux 
jewels high fashion, high society es- 
sentials. But Coco Chanel loved sur- 
prises and would have delighted in this 
turnaround from the ridiculously pared- 
down look of the rast few seasons to the 
sublime luxury or jeweled opulence. 

This year, Chanel’s couture was 
glazed with diamonds from their fine 
jewelry collection: the recreated 1930s 
Comet necklace, designed by Chanel 
herself, and luscious diamond camellia 
buttons and earrings created especially 
for foe occasion. 

There were simple strands of huge 
pearls and baroque pearl buttons. The 
legendary Chanel signatures, original- 
ly translated from real to fake, now 
cunningly converted back to foe real 

Of course, there was a serious com- 
mercial consideration in all this: the 
imminent launch of a jewelry boutique 
in London and the promotion of 
Chanel's fast-growing fine jewelry 
collection. Yet, foe timing is perfect for 
there is a huge upsurge of interest in 
real jewels. 

Last year Versace crowned his flour- 
ishing but rather heavy-handed fine 
jewelry collection with an award-win- 
ning Medusa-head tiara; Antonio Be- 
rardi loaded his creations with Lalique 


Chanel's couture show diamonds. 

glass jewels, their translucency echo- 
ing dematerialized. see-through fab- 
rics. This season. Galliano piled on foe 
pearls for an ethnic take on Elizabethan 
splendor, and Vivienne Westwood 
translated exotic flowers into monu- 
mental jeweled statements. 

Costume jewelry, too, is focusing on 
semi-precious stones. A glimmering 
new age of adornment is at hand. 

miENNE BECKER is jewelry editor 
of Harpers <£ Queen (UK.). 

Stock Market Lures Luxury Labels 

Continued from Page 19 

brand.” The industry, especially Gucci, 
learned from those mistakes, making 
them the hot investment properties they 
are today. The key has been for com- 

pany founders to relinquish control to 
managers better suited to 
large business. 

running a 

“You often have individuals from a 
family with a controlling stake but man- 
agement is delegated to professionals,” 
Magnelia said. ‘ ‘Brands are focusing on 
their own stores, rather than department 
stores, licensees are much more limited 
and foe agreements stricter, personnel 
are better, marketing, logistics and mer- 
chandising are more sophisticated." 

The employment of a layer of pro- 
fessional management generated in- 
terest among investors who had just 
recently witnessed their value in ex- 
panding another industry famous for 
creative and sometimes eccentric en- 

“A radical change took place from 
the late 1980s to mid-90s. Previously, 
most designer names had stayed small 
and self-funded, and most institutional 
investors didn’t want to touch them un- 
der any circumstances/' explained 
Malcolm Newbury, an independent 
management consultant specializing in 

fashion. "That culture changed dramat- 
ically because of foe willingness of 
equity investors to deal with expansion 
plans along the lines of the computer 
industry in foe 1 980s. They decided they 
could pursue the same path.” 

But at a certain point, which may be 
□ear. those paths must diverge. 

Everyone may have 3 computer one 
day, but not everyone will have a Gucci 
bag or Tiffany brooch, or else foe reason 
for having one will vanish. There is a 
danger that through foe share offerings 
of foe last two years, too much money 
has been thrown ai an industry that by 
definition has limitations to its growth 

“You raise capital and you have to do 
something with it.” remarked Gil 
McWtiliam, a professor of marketing at 
London Business School. “You’re buy- 
ing a brand and paying a premium for it 
so you have to recoup the premium by 
doing something with the brand. You 
might do rash things with it” 

An example might be launching sev- 
eral new ready-to-wear lines and building 
not one but two huge stores on London’s 
Bond Street in which to sell them, as the 
New York designer Donna Karan is do- 
ing. Her company’s shares have been 
trading ai less than half foe price they 
were offered at less than a year ago. 

“Can Bond Street support two four- 

By Joseph Pitchett 

story-high Donna Karans?” Newbury 
mused. Wall Street is apparently an- 
swering in foe negative: “The shrewd 
money has said they have gone one step 
too far, is my suspicion.” 

A report by Morgan Stanley, an in- 
vestment bank, said that Donna Karan's 
new designs are. promising, as is sales 
growth, but it estimates that" earnings this 
year will be 80 cents per share, “our 
worst-case scenario." The problem is 
“the company’s cost-control plan/ ' Mor- 
gan Stanley’s analysts say. “Nore. we did 
not mention cost savings, which we be- 
lieve will be impossible this year with all 
the projects foe company has planned.” 

Gucci ism less of 3 rush, and so are its 

“Everywhere 1 go I explain our view 
of the company, how we decide to grow 
foe brand to keep it exclusive and spe- 
cial, and investors have been very un- 
derstanding.” said Domenico De Sole, 
president and chief executive of Gucci 
Group in Florence. 

Competition will increase along the 
way, no doubt, especially if Ralph 
Lauren, Dominguez. Valentino, Versace 
and others come armed with fresh mil- 
lions front investors. Inevitably, some 
names will fare better than others. 

CONR.4D DE AENLLE writes about 
finance and investment from London. 

P ARIS — When Paris Premiere 
started televising live coverage 
of fashion collections three 
years ago. it seemed like a nat- 
ural — a glossy magazine gone live. 

“It's spectacle — a show, with per- 
sonalities — and it fits our channel’s 
image of showing what's creative and hoi 
in Paris,” says Alexandre Michel in. 32. 
head of Paris Premiere, a cable-and-satel- 
lite network that now reaches a million 
and a half homes throughout France. 

In a sense, it was only a small stride to 
put foe swing into the pictures. For years 
networks such as CNN have been show- 
ing dips of a few daring new outfits. 

When Paris Premiere began live 
broadcasts of entire collections, fashion 
shows suddenly emerged as entertain- 
ment with broad appeal. In Paris, they 
have tapped into a swelling audience for 
high style, top models. MTV-like mu- 
sic. fashion photographers and all the 
celebrities who turn up at the shows. 

1 Its presenter Marie-Christiane Marek 
is becoming as much of a star at the 
shows as CNN’s style editor Elsa 

“Everybody loves it: viewers, de- 
signers — even buyers who can catch a 
show they missed by watching it on their 
. hotel TV.” Mjchelin says. 

In that sense, it's local TV with ul- 
timate style. The need for Parisian re- 
lations in order to put fashion on TV 
comes up frequently in a conversation 
wirhMichelin in Paris Premiere's fiinfcy 

\ Fashion is at the core of expanding 
national coverage for Paris Premiere, 
whose investors include Canal Plus, the 
successful French pay-TV cable. Paris 
Premiere now contemplates internation- 
al syndication of its programs and per- 
haps a slot in a cable package in foe 
United Stales. 

But Paris Premiere's success has not 
answered questions about the broader 
future of televised fashion. In the United 
States, a few pioneer cable programs 
such as Video Fashion and Fashion File 
are! half-hour shows on specialized 
channels. As yeu no one has found the 
formula for magnifying foe Paris run- 
ways to a major international offering of 
electronically delivered fashion. 

To make high fashion into a global 
info-entertainment. foe adventures of 
foe catwalk need to be honed to pro- 
fessional norms as demanding as tele- 
vised' sports events. And if fashion 
shows can become instantaneous world- 
wideiuuctions for viewers, can Internet 
be far behind? 

Micbelin thinks fashion television is 
foe wave of the future, and he brushes 
aside ; the objections of the Confeder- 
ation of Haute Courure in Paris. Lust 
year the confederation objected strenu- 
ously ~ and to no avail — when Saint 
Laurent! put an entire collection on In- 
ternet simultaneously with the appear- 
ance of foe first model under foe lights in 
Paris. ‘ 

“They say they worry about copying, 
but television is not the source of foe 

problem.” Michel in said, adding that 
Paris Premiere nonetheless complies 
with foe veto against extensive screen- 
ings by some houses, including Dior and 

But foe couture confederation's wor- 
ries also re fleer a larger concern about 
the institution of the collec- 
tions. The confederation 
warns designers to limit im- 
mediate publication of their 
work to a fraction of any 
single collection. Otherwise, 
it fears Paris will lose foe 
impact it has in showing 
original designs that can 
only be viewed at foe 

Already, foe Internet is 
turning out to be a fabulous 
tool for copiers, relaying pic- 
tures of new French designs to sweat- 
shops. say officials at the National Cen- 
ter for Fighting Counterfeits in Paris. 

Interne! providers are also organizing 
virtual fashion shows together with 
shopping emporia, style updates and 
calendars of events. Picture quality, 
graphics, choices — all seem medium 
cool on most sites. 

Revenues so far come mainly from 
advertisements for perfumes and other 



accessories. Similar ad_ revenues are ex- 
pected for televised fashion if foe genre 

The opportunities seem immense. 
Costs for television fashion are low. 
interest is rising. But somehow, design- 
ers are nervous with camera crews in a 
way that they no longer are 
with fashion magazine pho- 

"The fashion world has 
always been cautious to a 
fault with TV crews, per- 
haps because they are not as 
well introduced socially as 
still photographers/’ says 
Tom Woods, an independ- 
ent producer with offices in 
New York and Paris. . 

Images obtained from un- 
scrupulous photographers 
are as useful to Internet pirates as tape, but 
the reflex against TV crews is strong. 

“We really operate on trust with foe 
designers," Michel in explains. “If an 
accident happens on the runway, we 
show it live, but we wouldn’t pass along 
foe footage to anyone else without the 
designer’s permission.” 

JOSEPH FITCH ETT is on the staff of v 
the international Herald Tribune. 

Alexandre Michelin 

Why Gaultier Is a Cut Above 

Continued from Page 19 

in Paris, its soul was in the cutting. That 
meant suits with shapely jackets and 
long skins, mostly in black, but some- 
times in checkered tweeds. There might 
be a nod to needlecraft in a tracery of 
basting stitches, or herringbone fabric 
lapped to show its selvage edge. 

Yamamoto also showed how effort- 
lessly he can cut it in high fashion, with 
a black jumpsuit plunging to a deep 
decollete or a dress split at foe side. The 
gentle fit of the clothes, the tendrils of 
curls, foe soft makeup and the flowers 
made the show a poetic tribute to wo- 
men — in a modem way. 

For Christian Lacroix, all the world's 
a stage and women are players in his 
fashion drama. The mood of foe show 
— before the first model appeared in her 
gypsy caravan of clothing - — was ex- 
pressed by foe set, with its abstract 
furnishings silhouetted against a vibrant 
backcloth. Colorful? Yes! Yet more col- 
or (o fight with fluorescent stretch arm 
and neck-bands; lime green hose: mul- 
ticolored hair mesh; and (wait for it) 
metallic blue lips. 

Lacroix is in a difficult position. He 
burst into couture 10 years ago when 
high fashion was totally uncool. But just 
now r that couture and all it represents is 
at fashion’s cutting edge. Lacroix seems 
to think that, with his ready-to-wear, he 
must keep shaking the kaleidoscope. 

His Saturday show, presented simply 
on young models, included his junior 
lines and contained delicious things. 

from foe black satin jeans with lace 
insinuated ai foe hips, through the coaf 
with a flourish of painterly brushstrokes 
to graceful, lacy dresses. But hardly art 
outfit could have walked off foe board, 
walk runway without glowing like a' 
radioactive particle on foe street . ! 

Even if it is Lacroix's aim to make 
women look different, strons individual 
pieces — rough-textured knits in sweet 
color or an embossed-suede wrap skirt 
— disappeared into a cacaphony of col- 
or and confusion. The eyes ached from a 
magpie search for the fashion jewels 
Vivienne Westwood failed to fill the 
big stage at the Paris Lido, and her 
collection was a sorry sight. A designer 
who used to give fashion a tweak of wit 
and naughtiness has tumbled into a pit 
a,i Awning Tudor 
VTTT 1,5 s P|tt m pen that Henrv 

± ?* hed bra f ="d K a^ot 

foe tapestry- tailoring, and flaunted a few 
of Westwood's old ideas. It V S 
funny, or funky. It was dire. 

So was foe screech-and-screim k„„ 
music at Balenciaga, where hair th» 
from foe assault. Designer 
Josephus Thimister.sem out hefty 4an 
nish suits in moleskin: and eh.rihw"" 



PAGE 24 


' 1 



Relegation on Minds 
Of Teams in Italy 

Compiled bf Of SltfFmDiqxxAa 

The hartfeagsmgf t pjpgati nn 

in Italy's top division is far 
fiercer th an the fight for the 
title. On Sunday, it was firmly 
in the spotlight because Ju- 
venilis, Fiorentina and Inter 
Milan had moved their games 
forward to Saturday or Friday 
to prepare better for games in 
the three European club cups 
during the week. 

Cagliari, which has flirted 
with danger almost every sea- 
son since returning to die top 
flight in 1990, hinted at an- 
other escape by recovering to 
beat Italian Cup finalists Vi- 
cenza, 2-2. 

Gustavo Mendez, a de- 
fender, put Vicenza in froat 
with a first minute free lack, 
but Cagliari equalized with a 
scorching free kick from 
Roberto Muzzi in the 36th 
minute. Sandro Tovalieri’s 
49th minute goal, and the 
64th minute dismissal of 
Mendez, helped Cagliari to 
three points. 

To avoid the drop, Cagliari 
must catch Piacenza, which is 
three points ahead of iL 

Piacenza, the only club in 
multinational Serie A to 

in the hunt for second spot in 
Serie A and a place in next 
season's Champions league. 

It has little chance of fin- 
ishing in first place. Inventus 
moved closer toward its 24th 
league title with a 3-0 victory 
over Roma on Saturday, 

ENGLAND Chelsea 

hammered Sunderland, 6-2, 
on Sunday to improve its 
chances of playing m Europe 
next season while pushing 
Sunderland closer to relega- 
tion to the first division. 

Chelsea went up by 2-0 
with first-half goals from Gi- 
anfranco Zola and Frank. Sin- 
clair before extending their 
advantage with a third from 
Dan Petrescu six minutes 
after the interval. 

Sunderland fought back 
with two goals in two 
minutes. But CheLsea, which 
had squandered leads at West 
Ham. Derby and Leicester, 

European Soccek 

rallied. Mark Hughes struck 
twice in the last 12 minutes, 
and Roberto Di Matteo hit the 
sixth in die last minute. 

On Saturday. Liverpool 
spurn foreigners, earned a 0-0 . lost ground at the top or the 
draw at Verona. league when it drew, 1-1, at 

Perugia, level on points Nottingham Forest which is 

with Cagliari, took the lead 
after three minutes at Ud- 
in ese, only for Marcio Amor- 
oso to level the scores with a 
2 1st minute goal. 

Perugia's Marco Materazzi 
was soit off in the 75th 
minute. Almost at once, 
Thomas Helveg scored die 
winner, which left Perugia 
trailing Cagliari on goal dif- 

The bottom -of- tbe-table 
Reggiana lost, 3-0, to Samp- 
doria. The victory kept them 

fighting against relegation. 

Liverpool's chief rivals all 
woo. Manchester United, the 
leader, coasted to a 2-0 vic- 
tory over Sheffield Wednes- 
day. Arsenal struggled, but 
won at Southampton, 2-0, and 
Faustino AspriOa hit a hat- 
trick as Newcastle beat Cov- 
entry, 4-0. 

Netherlands John Bos- 
nian and Paul Bosvelt each 
scored twice Sunday as 
Twente Enschede buried FC 
Volendam, 4-0. But the third- 

placed team gained no 
ground, because all die other 
contenders won on Saturday. 

PS V Eindhoven, die leader, 
beat needed a penalty to score 
against struggling Fortuna Sit- 
tard and won. l-O. The match 
was memorable only for die 
sending off of Fortuna's Mark 
van Bommel — before he had 
set foot on the field. 

The substitute was wanning 
up on the toucbline when the 
penalty kick was given. He 
protested vehemently to a 
linesman that the PS V forward 
Marcelo had been pulled down 
outside the penalty area. 

SCOTLAND Rangers took a 
step toward a ninth successive 
league title with a I -0 victory 
over Celtic on Sunday. 

Brian Laudrup scored to 
settle a typically explosive 
encounter at Celtic Park and 
put Rangers eight points clear 
with six games left. 

GERMANY VfB Stuttgart 
ended a remarkable week by 
blasting four goals past the 
leader, Borussia Dortmund, 
on Saturday. 

Dortmund took the lead 
after eight minutes but 
Krasimir Biakov, a Bulgarian, 
converted a 44tfa-mioute pen- 
ally, and the Dutchman Frank 
Veriaat, die Brazilian striker 
Giovane Elber and die Croat 
Zvonimir Soldo also scored as 
Stuttgart won, 4-2 and took its 
goal total to 13 in three games 
in the last eight days. 

SPAIN Alfonso Perez 
scored his second successive 
hat trick Sunday as Real Beds 
beat Rayo VaJJecano, 4-0, 
and closed to within six points 
of the leader. Real Madrid. 

On Saturday. Atletico 
Madrid, the defending cham- 
ion. lost by 4-1 at home to 

France Savors 


. <lm^br0irS4FmDii>a4ia . 

France romped to a 47-20 
victory over Scotland to com- 
plete a Gzapd Slam in its last 
five Nations mairii at Paredes 
Princes in Paris. It was the 

fourth time France had won all 
its games to eam the slam, but 
the first clinched on home soiL 

Chris tophe Lamaison was 
France's top scorer- in Sat- 
urday's game; and the Scots 
complained Sunday about his 

France scored two tries, in 
ha lf, and Lamaison 
scored 24 points with an al- 
most faultless display of 

Pivi Nations Roddy 

Mile Hutiiiiap /ltewao 

South Africa’s Alan Donald appealing for the wicket of Australia’s Matthew EffioDL 

Aussies on the Rebound in 2 d Test 

Cattj&dbr Our Fran Dbpada y 

Australia fought back 
against Sooth Africa on 
Sunday in the second test in 
Fort Elizabeth. 

Australia was bowled out 
for 108 in its first innin gs But 
it bowled and baited well on 
the third day, closing at 145 
runs for 3 wickets in its 
second innings. 

The Aussies bowled South 
Africa out for 167 in its 
second innings, after South 
Africa had made 209 in its 
first innings. 

Australia has seven wick- 
ets left and two days to make 
the 124 it needs to win the 
match, and the three-match 

South Africa had started its 

second innings well, resum- 
ing Sunday on 83 for 0. Gary 
Kirsten fell to Jason Gillespie 
on 43. Then, Adam Bacber, 
od 49 and desperate to reach 
his 50, caused Jacques 

Cricket Koonddp 

Kailis to be run out. Two balls 
later. Bacher himself went to 
a catch by Glenn McGrath, 
still without getting his half- 

After that only Hansie 
Cronje, with 27. and Shaun 
Pollock, who made 17, man- 
aged to make double figures 
as Gillespie, Michael Bevan 
and Shane Warne tore 
through the South African 
batring order. 

West Indies vs ladm De- 
spite the early loss of Rahul 
Dravid, India continued to 
build upon its strong position 
Sunday to reach 219 for two 
against West Indies at lunch 
on the third day of foe second 
Test in Port of Spain, Trin- 
idad. Dravid's 57 lasted 
nearly four and a half boons. 

Sri Lanka vs Ntw Zealand 

Sri l -mica made a disastrous 
start to its second innings on 
the third day of foe second test 
in Hamilton. Sri 1 ania needed 
326 runs to win, but the open- 
ing batsman. Ssnath Jayasur- 
iya, ran himself out while 
seeking a second run in just 
the second over. Sri Lanka fin- 
ished foe day on 20 for two. 

(AFP, Reuters) 

place kicking. However, die 
Scots officially complained 
about a tackle by Lamaison 
that left Craig Chalmers, the 
Scottish fly half, . uncon- 

In Cardiff, England beat 
Wales, 34-13,“ to win foe 
Triple Crown -—.given to .a 
team from the British Isles 
that beats all three of its other 
“home" nations during foe 
Five Nations competition. It 
was England’s fifth Triple 
Crown in seven seasons. 

It was also foe final rugby- 
union rnfemarinnal at Cardiff 
Arms Park, which will be de- 
molished at foe end of foe 
season and redeveloped for 

the 1999 Rugby WoridCup. 

Because of injuries, France 
played foe whole competition 
without several key players. 
Yet it was for too strong for 
Scotland. Its backs cut 
through the Scottish defense 
whenever they tan with the 
balL However, Fence 
handled the ball sloppily and 
wasted several scoring 
ebanoes with fumbles. 

Ranee led by 26- 13 at half- 

time. Abdei Benaz2d,its^ 

‘ tain, powered through '! 

' Scottish defense, ran straight 
over Rob Shepherd, foe SGot-? : 
tisb foil back, and touched- 
down near foe right cooier. 

flag for the first try. 

The winger Lauras £*-. 
flamand then scored in the> 
same place, following a 
sweeping move spariced: by, . 
full back Jean-Luc Sadonrriy ’■ 
and carried on [ by flankeFV 
Olivier Maygne. . .... :• 

Lamaison converted both ,, 
tries from near foe toochlioe^ 
and also kicked foree penalties .' - 
Sadoumy kicked a drop goal, ;/ 

- Rob Shepherd replica wififr 
two penalties for Scotland^, 
and. just before ha l ftime, -/ : 
Tony Stanger pounced when^. 
Sadoumy dropped foe ball 
and scored under foe posts:. 

Alan Tait scored a try for 
Scotland in the second half - 
after a neat pass by Chalmers, ‘ 
who was felled immediately' 
by Lafrjaison. The Scottish / 
rugby., authorities - watched— 
videotapes and made .their ; 
complaint c© Sunday. I ’. 

“Thetaddewasatoughoo^ * I 
but I don’t ihmk I committed ’ 
any ofieose/'.said Lamaison-. V 
Franck Tournier scored/, 
fiance’s third try, diving over. _ 
from close. rianee. Then, Le-/- ' 
flamand raced down tite right r 
wing and passed inside to 
Magne who galloped over foe 
Scottish line. 

Next year France will jtiay 1 
at the new Stade de France, 
now under constroctioh in foes ' ~ 
Paris suburb of St Derils. ' 
England followed foe pat- ’ . 
tern it set against Ireland and ' 
Scotland, scoring most of jig* 
points in foe second bal£ It ’ . 
played most of the firsthalf in . 
Welsh territory, but led by' : 
just three points at halftime. 

(Reuters. AFP. AP.1HT) 


1 ** ■*- 


: Sak’\ ., u;; 

• A*--,. 

,-ii Co su 

1 o»s?r j 
w* •*< 

* c'.-’s.s--; 



?jr T-’~ ‘ 



Exhibition Baseball 


Pittsburgh <Onctniiaif 2 


Toronto L SL Louts 1 

devekmd iz Houston (ss) 4 

Kansas Ofy 11 Debut! (ssIlO 

Son Frandsco Css) 4 Son Dtogo 3 

Colorado (ss) la San Frandsco (as) 7 

Chicago Cobs 7, MBwaukn 4 10 Imlitgs 

Cotomdo (Ssi 7, Oakland 4 

Seattle 1Z Anaheim 5 

Chicago WMte5«Kl Mew York Yankees) 

Houston (ss) 4 DeTroH (55) 3 

Montreal vs. Hondo at Viera Fla. axL ram 

Los Angelas vs. New York Mefs at Port St. 

Lodt reft, nfcr 

BofUmo^ w Atiarta ol Wesf Fofcn SootJj, 
Rcl. ccd, rctfn 

Boston vs. Mttnesota at Fart Myers, Ha. 
ccd- rain 


Houston 7, Ondnnall (ss) S 
Montreal (ss) 7, Altanta 3 
Oevefand (ss) Id Ftorldo (ss) 7 
PMorWpWo (a) 8, ChtagnWhite Sex (ss) 7 
L* Angeles 8. Bantam 2 
SI. Loub 1ft Boctoci 2 

PWkmeipiiia tana Chicago wwrescafcs) 8 

Kansas CBy (ss) 4. dnAmafl toj 2 

Minnesota 5, PHtobW^h 3 

Kansas aty (ss) L Oevetand (ss) 3 

New York Yankees la Deftoft 3 

Tens & Toronto 4 

Son Diego 31 Qifcogo Cubs 3 

Cotomdo 11, AnaMm 5 

Son Frandsco 6, Oakland 4 

Seattle U. Milwaukee 5 

New York Mefc 9, Ftorldo (ss) 5 





LA. Lakers 

























Gotten State 25 

x-effnehed ptayafl spat: 
















New York 














New Jersey 





Phffodelphla 17 


2 66 













































































San Antonia 










mofic anmoN 

nusKT's man 

CMcngo 24 23 » 22—90 

New Jersey 29 22 3S 23-99 

C Jordan Ihi 3.5 34 Plppen 6-19 M 21; 
NJ- Cossea 11-22 2-2 2a Jockson 7-17 
2a Reboanrie— Chlaigo 57 (Rodman 17). 
New Jersey 62 (Massentwrg M). 
AssWs-Clfcogo 2S (Plppen 9). New Jersey 
25 (Crae8 123. 

Mtotwsaro 17 29 23 26- 95 

FModetpOta 33 2B 23 25 — 109 

M; Robinsan 9-174-5 25. Gamett 7-15 7-7 
21; P: StoddMuse 8-1 7 M 2d, Iveraon 9-19 6- 
6 24. Reooonds— Minnesota 48 (Gamett. 
Gsirefl 7}, PhlfadetpfikJ £1 iCoiemcR 74). 
AssteJs— Mhntesoto 22 (Memory 7), 

PhDadetohto 26 (Stockhouse 9). 

SeoWe 21 22 20 34-97 

Aftreto 21 24 13 37— 91 

S: Kemp 8-16 10-11 2L Payton 8-19 2-2 20: 
A: Smith 10-20 7-7 36, Mutombo 6-14 60 18. 
Wioaeds— 6emile45(K*snp 10), Atkmto 49 
(Mutombo 1 1). Assats— Seattle 21 (Peyton 
7). Atlanta fl (Blaytock5). 

Qwfolte 38 18 16 17—81 

Ortattto 25 23 24 14-36 

C; Rke 17-25 1-2 3V, Cany 4-13 <W 9: 0: 
Hardaway 9-22 8-10 27, Setkoly 9-14 3-4 
21-Rebauads— Charlotte 50 (Mason 17). 
Ortando 46 Rdkaly 12). Asstatc-Chatotte 
22 (BoguesO), Orlando 21 (Shaw TO). 
Vatnmnrer 28 23 20 11— 82 

NW 29 22 23 14- 88 

V: Reeves 12-2) 3-627, Abdur-RaNm 5-12 
9-lOlfc M; Hortowoy 8-22 MlfcUmrl fr9 
2-2 17. Rebounds— Vancouver 55 (Reeves 
11), Miami 38 (Brown 8). 
Assists- Vancouver 16 (Amhony 9). Miami 
2 (Honlawoy 12). 

BwhtoStoa 23 33 2S 25-106 

MBnmfeee 23 28 22 23- 96 

W: Webber 10-12 5-626, Mureson 7-10 9-72 
23: M; Robinson 9-19 3-4 22. Baker 9-16 3-7 
27. Rebaaefe— Washington 54 (Webber 13). 
Milwaukee 38 (Baker, Robinsan 7). 
Assists W ashington 2? (Webber 7). 
Milwaukee 23 (Robinson 55. 
aevetobd 34 16 15 16-73 

PwOmrd 26 32 17 21— 96 

CIPMBS6-11 2-4 1& Brendan 5-10 1-1 IBP: 
Schools 6-12 5-6 2ft Anderson S-P 10-73 20. 
Reheands— Cleveland 36 (Potapenko 6). 
Parttend 52 (Dudley 10). AssMs-Oewtand 
14 (Sura, Brandon 3), Portland 18 (Anderson 

Vhih 19 3S 31 30—185 

Indiana 28 20 26 22- 96 

U: Malone 11-71 16-1934 RusseB 5-11 3-d 
IS- 1 Smite 9-19 7-10 25, MBIer 5-12 9-10 23. 
Rebownrte— Utah 47 (Malone 11), indtona 39 
(OJaavtse). Asstets-Utoh 30 (Stockton 10), 
Indiana 19 CJacfcson P). 

Bcstoa IP 15 36 22- P2 

Son Anamio 21 SB 22 30-103 

B: E-Vfflhoms 7-14 10-11 2S Fax 7-15 2-2 
20t SAj Alexander 7-16 3-4 22. WOkiRS 0-18 
66 22. Reboands— Boston 43 (Walker, 
Canton 10), San Antonio 66 (Herrera, Perdue 
9). Assists — Boston \7 (Wesley O. Srm 
Antonio 18 (Alexander )Q). 

LA. Cappers 22 32 19 24—97 

LA. L&ers 21 10 34 32— 95 

LA. dippers: Vaught 9-1 3 2-3 2a Rogers 8- 
14 5-9 2); LA. LAKERS: Jones 7-14 5-5 22. 
B»ynrt 6-13 1-2 14 Rebaoads-LA. CDppera 
49 (VOughl 11). LA. Lakers 65 (Blount 15). 

AssWs-LA. dippers 25 (Seely, Moifla 
Richardson 5), LA. LAers 2) (VbnExeM3). 

Tomato 18 17 25 42—182 

Gotten Stale 29 23 30 24-186 

T:Qonby 124HI 3-327, Wnaatas6-164-S 21; 
G5- Marshall 7-17 56 20. Smith 9-15 2-2 24 
Hehn — Jy — Toronto 36 (Gataby 91, Golden 
State 54 (Marshall 14). Assists— Toronto 27 
CStoudamlre 14). Gotten State 30 (Price 13). 
Chaitotto 27 25 28 as— 107 

P b tot B litota 2D 31 21 27— 99 

C: Rice 7-20 10-11 27, Mason 6-125-517; P: 
hereon 11-25 7-7 31. CMereon HP 2-2 19. 
Rebaaads— Oiariafte 47 (Mason T4X 
Phbadelptoa 62 (Coieotan 12). 
Assteto-Onrtotto 21 (Bagues 7), 
PWkaMpMa 19 (tvereon 9). 

Utth 24 12 36 28-100 

MAabiogtoB 24 23 28 26- 93 

U: Malone 12-25 B-ll 31 Homcte* 34 W 

14 W: Sbtcktand 10-14 7-10 27. Mueson B-l 1 
<H> 14 RebDtmds— Utah 50 (Mo tone 10). 
WoAbiaon 36 (J-Howoid 7). Asateb-Utah 
19 (Stoddon 12). Wash. 18 CShfcttnd 7). 

12 21 29 26-79 
23 25 27 24- 99 
A- Laettner 8-1456 21 Smffh 7-14M 2Ck C 
PtoRen 8-14 0-0 17, Langley 7-15 0-0 14. 
Rebaaads— Attonto 44 (Henderson 8), 
Chicago 53 (Rodman 14). Assists— Ahanto 

15 (BtoytoA Barry 3). Chicago 33 (Plpperi. 

IP 28 27 31-185 
32 35 24 IP— 121 
SA: WBkins 6-16 86 2a Mufmarnt 7-12 
5-7 19. Qe! Negro 9-13001% D: LEffis 12-16 
8-9 39. McDyess 14-20 56 31 

Rebiwads— Son Antonio 49 (And ers on 9). 
Denver 40 (Johnson 15). Assteto-Son 
Antonio 19 (Alexander 9). Denver 29 
(Thompson 9). 

DoBos 36 17 15 78- 76 

Pttoeete 24 32 21 34-181 

D: Finley 11-234-724 Great 5-103-4 11‘ P: 
Johnson 7-11 56 21 Chapman 7-16 2-2 19. 
Rebaeadt— Dallas 52 (Green 1 1), Phoenix 50 
(WBtoms 13). AssWs— Oflflas 19 (Harper 7), 
Phoenix 24 iKMd 10). 


North Caro8nti Qxjrtofle 79, Georgetown 67 
Utah 7S, Navy 61 

Woke Forest 64 5L Aftorys. Ca«. 46 
Stanford BaOHotmea 67 

St Joseph's Bl, Boston Codege 77, OT 
Kertudcy 7S,toiro w 



NCAA Women’s 


Edm onton 





San Jose 

93 236 169 
71 221 215 
60 201 199 
67 189 200 
62 218 240 
59 188 233 
53 177 231 



Stephen F. AusJIn 79, Toledo 66 
Celorodo 69, Marshall 49 
Duke 7a De Paul 56 
URna(s79, Drake 62 
loan 54 North Carolina 51.50 
Connecticut lta Lehigh 35 
Oregon 84 5an Diego SL 68 
Tennessee 91, GrembSng 54 

Michigan ST. 71 Porttond 7a OT 
Nwlh CanttwTl Harrart53 
SL Jaseptrs 7a Kansas St. 52 
AJctooma 94 St. Frendfc Pa. 50 
Nobe Dame 91 Memphis 62 
Texas 64 sw Texas St 38 
TXitane 71 UC Santa Erabore 69 
George Washington 61, Northwestern 46 

Artono 74 Western Kentucky 54 
Georgia 91. Eastern Kentucky 55 
Utah 64 town State 57 
Virginia 94 Trey State 74 
Stanford 111, Howard 59 
Tews Tech 47. Montano 45 
Vanderbilt 74 Washington 62 
Kansas 81, Detroit 67 

Purdue 74 Maryland 48 
0W Dominion 102, Uberty 52 
Auburn 68, Loutevtee 65 
Louisiana Tech 94 SL Peters 50 
Mareuette 7a Oernson 66 
LSI) 81 Maine 79 
Southern CM 64 San Froneteco 55 
Ftortda 91 Ra, International 48 

NCAA Tournament 


NHL Standings 


Tews 7?, Wisconsin 58 
Coppin State 78, South Cerefino 65 
New Mexico 59. Old Dominion SS 
Loubvflte 65. Massachusetts 57 


North Caraano 71 Gofarodo 56 
Ctrilfornto 75, vmanova 68 



TeanesseaOwrttonoopa 71 Georgia 70 
IBnrfls 9a Southern CaBtamla 77 
Providence 81, Marquette 59 
Duke 71, Murray Store 68 


Kansas 7i Purdue 61 

Arizona 71 College of Chartestan 69 


Oemson 68, Miami OMa 56 
Tuba 81, Boston University 52 
Temple 61 Mississippi 40 
Minnesota 7&. Sot/ffnwsJ Texas Stole 46 
town State 67, Oncbmatl 66 
UCLA 94 Xavier, Ohfo 83 

W L T 





39 21 10 




New Jersey 

38 19 12 





31 23 16 




N.Y. Rangers 

33 28 9 

75 226 


Tampa Bay 

27 34 7 





27 35 7 




N.Y. Wanders 

24 35 10 





W L T 





36 21 11 





32 29 7 





27 32 10 





25 32 14 





22 33 14 




Boston 24 37 9 






W L T 





40 23 6 





33 20 15 





32 33 5 




SL Louis 

30 31 9 




27 31 12 66 181 

25 33 6 56 201 


» L 7 PtS GF 

42 18 9 

32 32 7 

29 30 JO 

30 34 7 

29 37 4 

25 37 9 

23 39 7 

x-cCiKjied ptayoft spot 


N-Y. Ra ngers 1111-4 

Ottawa 0 2 1 0—3 

Fmt Period: New York. Groves 26 
(Saimietosaa Messier] Second Period: O- 
Daigte 25 (Yashfax York) 1 O- Duchesne 13 
(Yasttn, Aiftedssap) (Dpi. 4 New York. 
Chorske 11 4 New York, Groves 28 (Messier. 
LWstert Overture: 7, New York, SuiKtetrom 
23 (EraTueod) Shaft on goah K.Y.- 9-4-13. 
2—28. O- 12-9-9^1—30. GocSrt: N.Y.- 
Rlctiter. O-Tugrurtt. 

Ptttehwgb 1 2 8-3 

Cds ndt e a 1— t 

fW Period: P-Otausson 8 Wlofcn. 
Woolley) (pp). Second Period: P-FTOnds 22 
(Otousson, MXemteux) (pp). 1 C-SoUc 18 
(Jones. CzoBnsh) 4 C-Freiberg 20 (Foote) & 
P-MuSen 5 (Tamer, Hicks) 4 C-SaHc 19 
(CzoOnsh, Deodmarsh) (pp). Third Period: 
C-Jenes 23 (Rkst Klemm) a, C-CLetnteux 9 
IKrmwnsJry, Fortorerg) (pp). P, C-> Saklc 20 
(FOnbera Kamensky) (pp). Shots an goaf: 
P- 7-18^-31. G- 14-20-12-44 Goalies: P- 
WleggeL C-Roy. 

Chleogo 112 8—4 

( H pi j 12 1 0 1 

First Period; D-Hogue 15 (Sydor, Bassen) 
1 C-Daze 14 (MBter, Savord) (pp). Second 
Period: C-Daze 15 (Cbmey, Moreau) 4 D- 
Ntouwendyk 27 (Sydor, Modom) (pp). & D- 
Modano 29 (Adams, Harvey) Third Period: 
C-Cummlw 5 (Probert Laftomme) 7. C- 
Preberf 8 (Cummins, Sutter] 4 D-Madano 30 
(Huvey) Orerthoe: None. Shots oe goat C- 
13-13-7-1—34. o- 56-7-2-21 Soatec C- 
Tenfflrl D-Irbe. 

St Louis 2 1 1 *_4 

Anabebe 3 10 0—4 

FW Period: A-Mhonw 1) (Knrtya Van 
Impel fop). Z S.L-Petrov(cky 4 fCourtnaU. 
Hull) 1 A-fieAows 10 fSoca» 4 S.L- 
CPronger 10 (Hufl, Modnrts) fop). 4 A- 
Bettows II (5. Pronged Donas! Second 
Period: 40 (Turgean) 7, MbxWn 

15 (Setonne. Van Impe) TUrd Period: SJ_- 
Murphy 15 (Turgeoa Modnnis) Overtbne: 
None. Shots oe goat: 5J_- 13-10-1 2-2— 37. A- 
P-9-8-3—29. GntWff- S.L-Fuhr. A-Hebetl 
Ptwonh 1 2 1—4 

SaaJase 0 1 8—1 

FW Period: Phoenix, Roenick 21 
(Tverdwsky, Panning) (pp). Second Period: 
Phoenhfc Drake 12 (Roenick) X Phoenix, 
Doan 4 Llanney. Martson) 4 S J.-Grenato 19 
(Kreupa, Turcotw) TUrd Period: Ptioenf* 
Tkachuk 44 (en). Shots an goat Phoenix 1 1- 
5-10-24 S J.- 6-156-27. GoaBes: Phoenh. 
KhabibuOn. SJ.-Hrudey. 

urwurs umti 
K.Y.NtoRders 2 * D— 2 

Boston 2 1 2-5 

FW Period: B-Roy 5 IBouryue StampeO. 

Z B- Kennedy a (ah). X New York. King 23 
(McCabe) Ipp). 4 New York, P«tty 35 
(Green) secood Period: B-Cortw 6 (Odgerw 
Tbbd Porioct B-5tampel 16 (Bouraue) 7, B-, 
Wilson 3 (Roy) (en). Shots on goto: N.Y- 12- 
8-6—28. B- 7-7-23-37.GeaBes:N.Y.-Sato.B- 

Bfoshtogton 9 1 1—2 

New Jersey 2 0 1-3 

FW Period: NJ.-G&mour 20 (Roisoa 
Chambers) Z Nj.-Andreyriuik 24 (Guerin, 
Odeteto) fop). Second Period-3. vV-OatasTl 
(Bandra) TMd Period: NJ.-Zetepukki )2 
(GBrnour, McKay) 5. W-Houriey 9 (Bondro) 
Shots oe goto: W- 8-12-7—27. NJ^ 10-9- 
8-27. Goodes: W-Ranford. NJ.-8rodeur. 
BaBtto 5 l 1—7 

P M ode ghl a 2 1 2-5 

First Period: B-GcSey 4 (Boughner. 
Ptante) 2. B-Hatringer 1? (Audedb 
Shureron) 1 P-, Renberg 18 (LeCkdr. Crrftev) 

4 Monan l (Dawe, Peco) 5. B-Prkneau 1 
(Galley. Grasek) 4 B-Peca 17 (Bamabr, 
Zhbnlk) 7, P- Coffey 8 (Rertberg. LeOerfrt 
Secoed Period: 6-Hotdnger 20 (Daw4 Peco) 
fop). 9. P-LeCtalr 46 (Dykhub. NOnlmao) 
TNM Period— 10. B-Bamaby 1 7, (pp). 1 1, P- 
Brtotf Amour 23 (Nltabnaa. Klott) fop). 1Z P- 
Desjordbw 11 (Unaros, Renpeig) Shots 00 
goat: B- H-3-6-20. p. 16.18-12-44 
Soafles B-Shleids. P-HextaB, Snow. 

Edreoatea 2 1 1— » 

Hraifort 1 t 9—2 

Hrst Period: H-Chtosson 7 (RkB, 
Primeaul (pp).i 6-We(gW 18,1 E-Undgw 
9 (March ment Buchbergeri SacoM Period: 
K-Sandereon 32 (Entoftoa Chlasaan) (pp). 

4 E-Amett 18 (Grtert (pp). Thbd Period: E- 
Muirey 11 (BuChberoer. Undpren) (enl. 
Slats aa goto: E- 10^-6-25. H- 13-20- 
12—45. Gtoia E-Jeseph. H -Burin, 
voneowrer 1 2 2-5 

TaapoBoy 8 a 3-3 

Rnt Period: V-Naanan 9 (GeSnas, 
Wtalton) Second Period: V-Naonan la 
(SBBngei; BabycfiJ (5)1). X V-MogMny 2s 
(Murzyn) TUd Period: V-588nger 17 
(GeBna&i Noonan) & V-GeBnas 26 (NlogRny. 
Musyn) 4 T-, OcanfB 30 crams. Cudai) 7. 
T-Wiemer 8 (Phesdrek. HomriOO Shots on 
gold: V- 15-16-17—48. T- 14417-39. 
GoaSes; V-Htrsch. T-Tasorocd. 

Ottom 1 a 1 0—2 

Montreal 10 10-2 

FM Period: o-von Allen 9 (Daigte) fop). 

Z M-Dsmpbsusse 23 (Racireky, Popawta) 
Second Period: None. Thbd Period: M- 
Buteau 6 (Richer) 4 0-» GanSner 6 
(A'^cocT^tO O ve rtt ne None. Shotsoa goat 

O. 9-11-114) — 30. M- 12-10-11-4—37. 
GaaSeE O-Tugnutt M-TWbcutL 
Toronto 1 1 1 8—3 

Florida 1118-3 

First Period: T-MocSn 6 (SundJn. SmNU.Z 
F-Sheaparri 27 (Dvorak, Lous) 
Murphy) Third Period: F-MeOnrby 25 
(NtedefTnayer.'. 4 T-Mutphy 7 (Sundia 
Beiesn) (pp). Orerflme None. Shirts an 
goat T- 5-9-10-1-25. F- 13-17-142-44 
Goalies: T-Patvfn. F-FttzpaMck. 

Detroit 3 13-7 

San Jase 1 1 3—4 

First Period: D -McCarty 18 (Udsmtik 
Sfcnwhmi) fop), z D- Rouse 4 (Fedorov, 
Unfcitovi (sh). Z San Jase, Frtecai 24 (pp). 
4 3-Fsdarov 26 (Vv-Kanav, Konstantinov) 
(PP:. Second Period: SJ.-Friesen 25 
iMcSartey. vt.Kczlavr 4 D-Shanahan 43 
(Udshom, Yzeman) fop). Third Prate d: D- 
Kocur 2 (Draper. McCarty) 8. San Jase, 
Turcotte 13 (Granola Nannov) fop). 9. sj.-, 
Guodo 10 (TurcartaGronato),- 10, Oftedorov 
27 l Fetisov. Konstantinov) (pp). 11, D- 
VyJCazkrv 2Z Shots an goab D- 141 1-S-3Z 
SJ.- 8-9-7—74 Gocfies: DOsgaod. SJ.- 

Cataoy ■ 1 4-5 

Losfcnseies 1 0 1—2 

Hrst Period: LA.-CJataoon 4 
(Loperaere) Second Period: C-RskAei 15 
(Albelln) Thbd Period: C-SuSvan 5, (sh). 4 
C-, Reury 2& & t_A.-Khrisficti 17(Nms»rom, 
Yochmenev) 4 C-Heury 26 (Gogner, TBov) 
(enl. 7. C-Featherstane 3 Otefchel) ten). 
Shots 00 goat C- 9-11-7—77. LA.- 12-10- 
9-31. GoaSes C-KWd. LA.-Dafoe. 


CagBari 2Z 14 Peregto 2Z 17. Vraana 1ZTL' 
1 17. - - -■ 

Five Nations Cup 

Firaice 4& Scattond 20 

wales iz England 34 

France 8 pointe, Eng- 
land 4 Whies z Scotland Z (rekml L 

New South Wales ZS. Canterbury 8 
Transraai 47. Otogo 29 
WaScata 14 Auckland 26 
Free Slate 35, Queerafcrtid 24 
wefltogiwi 64 Nerihem TTOnsvoal 92 
Natal 35, ACT 26 

■* 1 ■■ I Transvaal 14 Auckland 11, 
Nahrt 14 Waikato & Northern Transvaal & 
WeEngtan 7. ACT4 Nev South lMrtasZ Free 
SOs & Canterbury 4 Otago Z Queenriaid I. 



Lindsay Davenport W, U5. dot. Mary Joe 
Fernandez (9). UA, 41. 41. 

Davenport del Irfiw Spbteo (6), Raroanfa, 4 



Karel Kucero (61, Skwakta det Gudtaame 
Rooux, France 44 4Z 
L»s Bugsmufler, Germany, del Tharmra 
Ctabondt Spain 6-4 6-4 
Martin Dama CD, Cam Republic, net 
Fradrlk Fettariein, Denmark 6-4 4Z 
Thomas Johansson ©, Sweden vs Jan 
Kradok. Slovakia 4-4 41 4Z 

Twetde BBciwde 4' VWdtadmn 0 
UtreeWZAZAJtonaarO .* 

Vttesre Arnhem 1 GnsUxp OoeandteoiZ 
NACBreddl WHemllTHbargl 1 

PSV Etodbovrail, Fortuna smard 0 
NEC Nfreeprai ft Groningen 0 
Feyenoord&RKC WaoM^O * ,J 

iin«e»i PSV O n d hoven 51 Foyeno- 
aid 54 Tvranle Enschede SZ Ajax Amster- 
dam 4Z VBessn Arnhem 4Z Rada JC 
Kertowte 39. Hee nai re oi 37, NAC Breda 35, 
Graatechap Ooelinchem34 WHiem U TBbutg 
29. Uteecht 28, Volendam 24 Sparta Rotter- 
dna 24 Fortuna StltaRl 2& Groningen 24 AZ 
Mannar 20. NEC Wjmegen 70, RKC Woai- 


5ev»aZ Sporting GBml 
Campostetol.VaBadolUl •. 

Zarogaza z Eritemadure 1 
Radng Santander 1. Cetta V(go 0 
Oviedo Z Hercules 0 
Rayo VaRecanol Real Betts 4 
Espanyal a Oeparttvo Coruna 1 
Alteflco Madrid 1. Vtaienda 4 
Tenertte X Athltofc BBboo 3 
lew to r— 11 Real Madrid 64 Reot Bette S9,’ 
Botretana 54 Deportto Coruna 54 Altettco 
Madrid 49, Real Sodeded 4S, Tenerite 4l' 
Athletic Bilbao 41 Valencia 4Z \foJkwartd «. 
Radag Santander 41. Ovfedo 24 Cetta Vigo 
34 Zaragoza 3Z Sporting Gqon 32. Coro- 
posteta 3Z Royn Vafleomoaa Etoremaduro 1 
39. Lognmesa Espanyal 27, SevBla24 Her-’ 
CUtos 22. 

-Lws • '* 'V 

vut'i r 


sepP • : 
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South Africa: 709 and 168 
Australia: 108 and 1443. 

Johonsson det Burgsmulter 4Z 6^. 


Jtdrans sa n def. Damm 6-43-642 

New Zealand: 222 and 273 


Ttton«» Muster Q). Austria, del. Mark 
Phappoussts. AustroBa 6-1 7-6 OD8J,- 
MWioel Chang (3), UA, del. Cedric PtoUne, 
France, 6-1 42. 

J«ns Bforkrnarv Sweden, def. Aberto Be- 
resategul (14), Spabv 4Z 43: BaMan 
u Breach. Czech RepubBc, def. Byron Stock, 
Zimbabwe, 6-4 4Z 

Chelsea 4 Sunderland 2 
Aston Vtta a West Homo 
BtaddHim Z Wbnbtedon l 1 

Eusrton 1, DertyD 
Leicester 1, MMdtesereugh 3 
Mancftester Unfled Z SheffleW Wednesitey 0 
Ne wc ato to 4 Coventry 0 
Nottingham Forest 1, Liverpool I .• 

Southampton a Arsenal 2 
Ttrttanhaml, u»ds 0 ' 

Mandiester United 60, Uv- 
apool 5 7, Arsenal 57, Newcastle 51, Sheffield 
Wjttnesday 44 Aston villa 47. Chelsea 44 
Wtmbietfon 44 Leeds 40, Tottenham 38, Ls-’ 
teg er y, Bfa dfoum 34 Everton 34 Derby 1 . 
*oSundCTtond3Z Coventry 30, West Ham 29, 
Nallngham Forest 29, Southampton 24 MU- 
awsbrough 25. * 

1 fairy. . 

1 jfitfi-r / 


west IncBes: 296 a# out 
India: 171.| 

Chong deL Muster 41, 7-6 (7-1). 
UUuach def. Btortonan 6-Z 4Z 


'Mfisr.y ... 7 . 
R'tn - : ' " ' "~7 ' 

'all;. Z,- L ■ 

Safere* • 

Would Cup Finals 





*taly 135.77 (4471 ♦ 49JI6) 

Jte P. WRwrg, swe. las.77 (47^7 + 483m ' 

J !! C :. Setttrlqe f< 1^6^31 (4489 ^ 49X2) 

nvnMerica 4 points, Costa Rta» 1, 5.T.Bokte,Hww WOUlwjz + MMl- 
JaraekPL United States 1. Canada a El i.W 

Costa Rka a Mexico 0 

1 • - • • 

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fui ,■ di- 

1. Lareent Jtfebert, France. Qncet 28 hours 
St mhratn 6 seconds 

Z Laurent DufoutSwilbFesttoo Imh behind 

3. Santiago Blanca Spain, Banesto 135 

4. VyachestoY Bumrt, Russ. US Postal 1M5 

5. Pascal Oiontetir. Fmnce. Casino 7M 
4 Dtater Rous. Fronca Festtna 232 

7. Mtel Zarrebettto, Spain Once 239 
B. Johan Museeuw, BebDum, Mope) 233 
9. Francis Moreau. France, Cofldb 231 
la Pascal Una France Bigmat 235 



Saudi Arabia Z Tafwtm 0 
Malaysia Z Bangladesh 0 
team ton er : Saudi Arabia 3 points. 
MaJayrio 3, Bangladesh fl, Totem 0 
Namibia Z Zimbabwe 1 

-Chouyn Fra. 137^0 (4735 + 49751 
fi-Zlrype-Grat swttz. 137 /a (4a 02 * 49 m 
9. C ftteoter. N. ZeaL 137.72 (*U6 t ZjZ 

14M. ^Germ. 137.W , 

ttttteteps HWTPUMopi 

l. Deborah Compognora, lla/y, hro minutes, 
71:45 seconds (7515.987135^7), » 



Z Katfa 

Token Corporation Cup 

Flnel tending eoane : 

in the TOO 

adtoon yen ttesne700)TaMn Oarpar H on 
CUp fpK torn 1 lament to toe 7,t1S-yard 
(6.475-nietori, par-72 Kedoubr Goff CM 
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B. Jobe, United Stoles 

E. Herrera ColomMa 

P. Senior, Austratia 

F. NUnoza, Phtepplnes 
H. Sasaki 

7) -65-61 -72-2*9 
71-66-6469 — 272 
69-64-7D-71— 274 
71-69-67-68— 27S 

71- 67-69-68— 275 
69 -69-72-67 — 277 

72- 69-67-69—277 
69-746473 — 277 


Bochum 1 werder Bremen 2 
MSV Drrtsburg Z KartsnrtwrSC 2 
FC SL Paufl z Hamburg SV 2 
Bayer Leverkusen l,Armbdo Bteteteld 0 
Bayern Munich Z Sdiatke 040 
Borussia AtoanchengtodbeOi z Calorie 1 
Hrana Rostock Z Fortuna Ouessettorf 1 
SC Fretomg Z 1860 MurtcK 2 

vra Stuttgart 4 Barossto DortnHmd 1 

TtHrtoiiyei BorusstaDartmuml44Boy- 
em MuMrii 44 VfB Stuttgart 44, BoyerLev- 
eriwsen 44, Sdialke 06 34 Bochum 34 Karl- 
wuherSCSC FCCologne33, Werder Bremen 
32, I860 Munich 31, Armbila Bletetett 29, 
SV 28. Maenchengtadbach 34 
MSV Datsburg 25, Fortuna DuesaeMorf 
Honso Rostock 21, FC ST. PauB 2ft SC 
Freiburg 14. 

, »waiPw*rwistoii 

Metz 2. Lens 0 
Bordeaux 3 Caen 1 

LyonZGumgamp 1 
Le Havre 1, Ports St Genmtn 0 

Moreoflle a Shtahaurg I 
NM I. Nantes 3 
AuxencZ Cannes 1 
LffleZ Nancy 0 

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Nantes 48. Auxerre 44 Mete 44 Lyon 4 0! mbiutes, laa <S*ttzteronin nra 

Final scares after Sumtay-s Unto round at Maretolc 37. Gutaoamp 37, Marapefller 34 Ratter t 


137.94 (5035 t- 4739) 

SScaaissHaS ■ 

■to tore 560dOOPo»tugoew Optm, ptayudto 
Oto psM2 AMairo CouiAy ChA b« LteCnn. 

M.Jonasv Sweden 
LGiurida Spain 
p.sroacStuTst Eng. 
W.fUey, Auctratia 
S. Alkn AirstraDa 
D. Ctorke. N. Ireiond 
jjw, Otazobat 5pdn 

R. BMrtL England 

S. GrappasaRnLHaty 
M. MairtanA Wales 
J. Coceres. Argentina 
P. O'Mxdley, AirstraUo 
M. James. England 
R. Russell Scadana 

6745-68-69 — 269 

68- 67-67-73—275 

69- 7367-67-276 

70- 71-6867-276 

70- 71-67-69—277 

71- 65-70-72 — 278 
77-69-69-68 — 27S 
71-69-69-69 — 27B 

Le Havre 34 Rennes 31 LBie 3X fool S 

Lens 3a Caen 25. Nancy 25, Nice 19 
Bologna ZNapoKl 
SompdortaZ Reggiana 0 
Udwesez Peregia l 
Vemno a Placenta 0 
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PAGE 25 


* Male Skaters 
Know They 
Must Learn 
How to Fly 

Ccw *‘ farffr ' Or Staff FnmDi**,** 

ft MSt s &££ 

s £psr«£*ss 

f *? C 18 American to attempt the the quadruple 

ftw-reyolimon jump in competition. 4 ^ 
Suddenly, die quad is the rage 

anS^S M ’ S ' KS ' jlm,pei5thetertas ”*** 

Eight triple jumps may no longer be sufficient to 
wm a wwld title, which is threatening news to the 
Todd Eldredge Sf the United 

As the skating world laments, in rhyme, Todd does 
not have a quad. 

Ehds Stojko of Canada does a quadruple jump in 
combmatioc i with a triple jump. So do Aleksei Urman- 
ov and Ilya Kolik of Russia. 

Weiss appeared to land a quad at the U.S. cham- 
pionships last month. 

He thought be landed the jump cleanly. And ao- 

rvinuntlu «_ i“ • - . _ » 

fourth place after the short program to second place 

But three hours later, the dawdling U.S. Figure 
Skating Association ruled, after viewing a slow-mo- 
tion replay, that Weiss had used a second foot to steady 
the landing. While the results stood, the quad was not 
ratified for historical purposes. 
u Itdoesn t matter; I did do it,” Weiss said recently. 
“Look at the judges' scorecards.” 

Of course, the quad alone will - not win a world 

year's worlds and finished fourth overall. Weiss has 
struggled with the short program at the last two 
national championships. 

Kulik has been known to come unraveled in the long 
program. And Urmanov has had fatigue problems 
during his long program. 

An ankle sprain will prevent Eldredge from trying a 
quad at these world championships, but he is counting 
on the belief that he will not need it 

Eldredge is steady, if uninspiring. Among the men. 
he is the most consistent skater in terms of jumping, 
I: technical skill and artistry. 

In Thursday's long program, which will count for 
two-thirds of the scoring, the tie breaker will be the 
marie for artistry. 

Urmanov and Kulik landed quads two weeks ago in 
Hamilton, but both fini.dmrf behind Eldredge. Last 
year's world title came down to dependable jumping: 
Eldredge landed two triple -triple combinations, while 
Kulik managed only one. 

“I think die most well-rounded progra m , with the 
jumps, the technical part and the artistic part is going 
»to win it,” Eldredge said. 

Many skaters credit Jozef Sabovchik of Slovakia 

Davenport Demolishes 
Spirlea to Win Evert Cup 

By Robin Finn 

Ww Yort Times Service 

INDIAN WELLS, California — Big- 
ger, better and bolder, Lindsay Dav- 
enport pummeled Romania’s Irina Spir- 
lea into quick submission in the Evert 
Cup final. 

“I just tried to play smart.” said the 
20-year-old Davenport, who needed 
just 64 minutes Saturday to seize her 
first major ride on the WTA Tour with a 
6-2, 6-1 drubbing of the tournament's 
sixth -seeded player. 

‘ ‘I didn’t want to hit to that forehand,* 1 
said Davenport, who realized that was 
Spirlea ‘s most dangerous weapon and 
took pains to aim elsewhere. 

Unlike Davenport, who grew up 
playing on hot-weather hard courts and 
last summer won an Olympic gold 
medal in the Atlanta beat, the 22-year- 
old Spirlea was appearing in only the 
first hardcourt final of a career that has. 
by her own admission, been something 
of a late-blooming thing. 

Davenport broke her opponent seven 
times and treated Spirlea's second serve 
with contempt: out of the 28 second 
serves Spirlea was forced to rely on, the 
Romanian won just five points. 

“You cannot play with a second serve 
against Lindsay,' ' said Spirlea, who had 
not faced Davenport before, but went 
into the match knowing Davenport 
would pounce on her second serve, and 
that Davenport would pick her vulner- 
able backhand like a weak lock. 

In the opening set, the players went 
on a three-game losing streak ax the 
service line until Davenport buckled 
down and held for 4-2 with an ace. 

Spirlea reacted to that by gening off 
to a questionable start in her next service 
game: she double-faulted, fell into ar- 
rears and. despite working herself into 
game-point position with an ace,, 
handed Davenport a 5-2 lead by double- • 
faulting again at break point. 

Davenport held serve and, bolding 
court at net, won the first set- 

in the second, Spirlea got off to a. 
familiar start: she lost her serve, a mis- 
take she partly rectified by breaking 
right back for 1-1. 

Then Davenport broke Spirlea ag ain 
for a 2-1 edge, and the domino trend for • 
service breaks ended there. 

Davenport never faltered. Spirlea had 
to save a match point simply to survive 
her opening round against Alexia 
Dechaume-BaliereL Davenport had to 
fend off the tournament's sleeper star, 
the 16- year -old Venus Williams, in the 

* Chang Upsets Muster 

Third-seeded Michael Chang beat 
second-seeded Thomas Muster of Aus- , 
tria, 6-1, 7-6, (7-1) on Saturday to earn 
the chance to defend his Champions 
Cup title against a surprise finalist. Bo- 
hdan Ulihrach of the Czech Republic, 
Reuters reported from Indian Wells, 

Hie unseeded and 43d-ranked Czech 
posted a 6-3, 6-2 victory over unseeded 
and 35th -ranked Jonas Bjorkman of 

• Fifth seeded Thomas Johansson of. 
Sweden landed his first ATP Tour title 
Sunday when he beat second-seeded Mar- 
tin Damn of the Czech Republic in the 
Copenhagen Open final. 6-4, 3-6, 6-2. 

Jos-Leap Gaanau/ Apace France- Pieac 

Todd Eldredge, the reigning champion, skating Sunday on the opening day of the figure skating 
World Championships in Lausanne. Eldredge finished third in the qualifying round behind 
Russians Alexei Urmanov and Ilya Kulik who both landed huge quadruple jumps . Elvis Stojko of 
Canada stumbled on bis quadruple toe loop, landing on two feet and barely holding his balance. 

with landing the first quad jump, in 19S4. the year he 
won a bronze medal at the Winter Olympics. 

The first official quad was performed by Kurt 
Browning of Canada at the 1988 world champion- 

O FFICIALLY, the jump is called a quadruple 
roe loop, and it is performed by gliding back- 
ward on the right skate, planting the left toe 
pick, lifting off with the outside edge of the right skate, 
spinning four times and landing on the same outside 
edge of the right skate. 

“After the '98 Olympics, it's an element you're 
going to see quite often at the top,” said Richard 
Callaghan, who coaches Eldredge. 

Ed Futerroan. who is Stojko 's agent, said, ' ‘Without 

a quad, there is going to come a time soon when you 
shouldn't show up.” 

Weiss’s quasi-quad at the U.S. championships has 
spurred calls for the use of instant replay. Skating's 
world governing body is examining the matter, but 
with nine judges wanting to see instant replays si- 
multaneously, each competition could last longer than 
the Continental Congress. 

Some wonder whether the emphasis on jumping has 
detracted from the artistry and personality of Olympic- 
siyle skating. "It’s hard to have personality when 
you’re doing all those jumps,” said Carol Heiss- 
Jenkins, the 1960 Olympic champion. 

But Weiss's coach, Audrey Weisiger, argues that 
their athleticism may allow men to overtake women as 
the most popular skaters. 

• v* . •*; 

i.. . 

'? i' lib 

llrcuu MaWVpurr hmw-ftrNr 

Lindsay Davenport hitting a backhand to Irina Spirlea in the Evert Cup. 

Sabres, Rolling, Keep Flyers Reeling 

The Associated Press ■ 

Steve Shields, starting at goalie for 
Buffalo in place of Dominik Hasek, 
stopped 39 Philadelphia shots, while the 
Sabres took only 20. But die Sabres still 
won, 7-5, beating the Flyers for the 
second time this week and improving to 
„ 11-2-6 in the past six weeks. 

V The loss dropped the Flyers, losers of 
four of their last six games, into a first- 
place tie with New Jersey in the Atlantic 

The Sabres took a 5-2 lead in the first 
period on only 11 shots. The Flyers' 

HHi Roundup 

goalie, Ron Hextall, allowed four goals 
on seven shots in 1 1 .minutes. 

Michael Feca. who had the game- 
winner in Tuesday’s 3-2 victory over the 
Flyers, had a goal and two assists. Gary 
Galley. Ed Ron an, Wayne Primeau and 
Matthew Burnaby also sawed for the 

Philadelphia rallied to 7-5 midway 
through the third period behind quick 
goals by Rod B rind ’Amour and Enc 
■ DesJardins. The Flyers also got goals 
f from Mikael Renberg, Paul Coffey and 
John LeClair, whose 46th goal made him 
the league’s leading scorer. 

Rad Moss 7i Sharia 4 In San Jose , 

Sergei Fedorov had two of Detroit's four 
power-play goals, and the Red Wings 
handed the Sharks their fourth straight 
home loss. 

The Red Wings, scoring on three of 
their five third -period shots, completed a 
season sweep of the Sharks, outscoring 
them, 25-7, in four games. 

Flames 5, Kings 2 Theoren Fleury 
scored twice, including an empty-netter, 
during a four-goal barrage in die third 
period as Calgary won in Los Angeles. 

The Flames overtook idle Chicago for 
the eighth and final Western Conference 
playoff berth, while die Kings moved 
closer to missing die playoffs for the 
fourth straight season. 

Senat o r* 2, CanxSen 2 Bruce 
Gardiner scored 8:34 into die third peri- 
od to lift Ottawa into a tie in Montreal. 

Gardiner’s seventh goal came just 28 
seconds after Marc Bureau had given the 
Canadiens a 2-1 lead. 

MapleLeafo3 l PaiiHiem3 In Miami, in 
their first meeting in 1 6 months. Florida 
and Toronto played to a 3-3 tie as Scon 
Mellanby scored his lOOdi goal as a 
Panther and the Maple Leafs’ Larry 
Murphy came through with a late power- 
play goal. 

Devos 3, Capitals 2 Dave Andreychuk 
scored his 500th National Hockey 
League goal as New Jersey extended its 

home unbeaten streak to 15 by downing 

Andreychuk became the second play- 
er in two days to reach the 500-goal 
plateau. Pittsburgh's Joey Mullen made 
it Friday night in a 6-3 loss at Colorado, 
becoming die first American-born play- 
er to do so and 25th in history. 

Bruins 5, Islanders 2 In Boston. Anson 
Carter’s third goal in six games since 
becoming a Bruin broke a tie in the 
second period. 

Carter, pan of the deal dial sent Adam 
Oates to Washington on March 1, swept 
a pass from Jeff Odgers past Tommy 
SaJo at 3:57 of the second period. 

Oilers 4, whalers 2 Curtis Joseph 
stopped 43 shots and Jason Amott 
scored the winning goal as Edmonton 
won in Hartford. 

Joseph, who made 19 saves in the 
second period, allowed only power-play 
goals by Steve Chiasson and Geoff 

Canucks 5, Lightning 2 In Tampa, 

Florida, Brian Noonan scored twice and 
added an assist as Vancouver ended a 
seven-game winless streak. 

Martin Gelinas had a goal and two 
assists, while Mike Sillinger bad a goal 
and an assist for Vancouver. 

Dino Ciccarelli reached 30 goals for 
die 1 1th time. 

Jordan Lies Low, but the Bulls Romp 

The Associated Press 

Despite a season-low 10 points from 
Michael Jordan, the Chicago Bulls 
routed the Atlanta Hawks, 99-79. 

Scortie Pippen scored 17 points Sat- 
urday for the Bulls, who reboundedfrom 
Friday's loss to New Jersey, in which 
Jordan shot a last-second air balL 
Jordan, whose previous season low 
was 13 against Toronto in December, 

was 5-o f- 1 1 from the field against At- 
lanta before sitting out the last quarter. 

Dennis Rodman bad 10 points and 14 
rebounds for tire Bulls before be was 
ejected late in the third quarter following 
a brief exchange under the basket with 
Dikembe Mutombo. 

Christian Laettner scored 22 and 
Steve Smith 20 for the Hawks, who have 
lost a season-high three in - 

Hom*t*l 07 , 76 *rt 99 In Pbtiadelpb^. 
Glen Rice scored 27 points and the re- 
serves Tony Delk and Malt Geiger keyed 
a fourth-quarter run as Charlotte won for 
the seventh time in eight S 8 * 11 ®*- . 

The Hornets are 164 since ftbroary. 
a stretch in which they have averaged 
105 points and shot 46 percent from J 

^AlloTlverson scored 31 on 
shooting for the Sixers, who have lost six 

of £££?,' i» s» 

California, Dohyell Marshal] i KOied 20 
points and grabbed a career high 

bounds as Golden State held on to beat 

Golden State was ahead by 82-56 after 
a Joe Smith jumper with 2:13 remaining 
in the third quarter, but the Raptors went 
on a 38-16 run over the next 13 minutes. 

Toronto, which had tied its record by 

Dennis Rodman after his ejection. 

winning three straight, pulled within 98- 
94 on Shawn Respert’s layup with 1:09 
left, but Marshall made a pair of free 
throws with 45 seconds left. 

Jazz loo, Bullets 93 Karl Malone 
scored 32 points for Utah, which be- 
nefited from Chris Webber’s first NBA 

Webber, the Bullets* leading scorer 
and rebounder, was tossed from the game 
in the second quarter after being hit with 
two technical fouls. It was his first ejec- 
tion since joining the league in 1993. 

Washington managed to build an 1 1- 
point halftime lead without him, but the 
visiting Jazz outscored the Bullets by 36- 
20 in the third quarter and pulled away 
down die stretch to win its eighth game 
in nine tries. 

Nuggets 121 , Spurs 105 In Denver, 
LaPbonso Ellis hit seven 3-pointers and 
finished with a career-high 39 points to 
lead Denver over San Antonio. 

Antonio McDyess added 33 points 
and Ervin Johnson had 15 rebounds and 
six blocked shots for the Nuggets, whose 
1 5 3- pointers matched a franchise record 
set earlier this month. 

Suns 101, Mavericks 76 In Phoenix, 
Kevin Johnson scored 23 points and 
Phoenix broke open a tight game with a 
16-5 run midway through the third 

Rex Chapman added 1 9 points for the 
Suns, and Danny Manning had 1 5. 

Michael Finley, a former Sun. led 
Dallas with 26 points. A.C. Green had 1 3 
points and i ] rebounds for the Mavs. 

The speed merchai 
the World Cup 7*8; 
4 years ago ? 

21 - 23 March, LIVE, The 
World Cup 7%, Hong Kong 

England, Scotland, France, 
Australia and New Zealand are 
among the best 24 teams m the 
world and they meet head to 
head in Hong Kong 


18 . 20 March, UEFA Cup 
and Cup Winners’ Cip, 

Liverpool, Inter Nttan and Paris 
St Germain w31 be in action as 
we reach the crucial 2nd leg of 
the quarter-finals in E mope's 
top competitions 

Ice skating: 

18-23 March, LIVE, 
The World Championships, 
Lausanne, Switzerland 

The grace, beauty and precision 
that makes this such an 
enthralfing event will be on 
show afl week long 

22 - 23 March, LIVE, 
The ATP Tour Super 9 
Tournament, Key Btscayne, 

Andre Agassi wifl be back to 
defend the title that he won a 
last year In this S2.7m 






• 4 ^ 

k . 

SOCCER Bitter Battle in Italy p. 24 SKATING Russians Lead Skate Race p* 25 CRICKET. Australia fights Backp. 24 


PAGE 26 

MONDAY, MARCH 17, 1997 

World Roundup 


Past Duke to ^ 
Die Sweet 16 

Michael Jonzon judging his 
line on the 6th green Sunday. 

Jalabert Hat Trick 

cycumg Laurent Jalabert. a 
French rider with, the Spanish 
ONCE team, won his third suc- 
cessive Paris-Nice race Sunday. 

Viacheslav Ekimov won die fi- 
nal 20-kilometer (12-mile) time- 
trial from Antibes to Nice in the 
second part of the eighth and final 
stage to move up to fourth spot 

Ekimov beat a fellow Russian 

SStctt Udbaftoo AnadHerf 

Colorado’s Matrice Moore, left, Fred Edmonds, right, and North Carolina’s Ademola Okuiaja, center, wrestling to get control of a runaway ball. 

Dean Smith Sets NCAA Victory Record 

and time-trial specialist, Yevgeni 
Berzin, by 30 seconds and Tom 

Berzin, by 30 seconds and Tom 
Steels of Belgium by 37 seconds. 

Jalabert had earlier let Steels 
claim his fourth stage of the week 
by winning a mass sprint at the end 
the first of Sunday's two stages, a 
70- kilometer circuit around Nice. 

Laurent Du faux was second 
overall, a minute behind Jalabert. 


The Associated Press 

North Carolina's Dean Smith became 
the winningest coach in collegiate his- 
tory when the Tar Heels beat Colorado, 
73-56, in the second round of the NCAA 
tonmamennL The victory was the 877th 
of Smith's career, one more than Ad- 

olph Rupp had at Kentucky. 
The former Tar Heel stars 

of key 3-pointers that sparked Cal in the final 30 seconds as Arizona survived a 
second half. scare from the College of Charleston. 

In a game that featured nine lead The Wildcats (21-9) trailed by as 
changes and sixties. Duck sank apair of many as 10 points during the first 15 
3-pointers 1 :04 apart, giving the Golden minutes of the second half after missing 
Bears (23-8) a 44-38 leacT with 16:1 1 able of their first 1 1 shots against Char- 
left. Cal never surrendered the lead after leston (29-3), which hadn't lost since 

19-2 second-half run to beat Xavier. 

J.R. Henderson had 22 points and 
nine rebounds for UCLA (23-7), which 
won its 1 1th straight and reached the 
third round for the second time in three 

Jonzon Wins in Portugal 

golf Michael Jonzon of 
Sweden won the Portuguese Open 
on Sunday while Jose-Maria 
OlazabaL, in only his second tour- 
nament after 18 months off the 
tour, shared fourth place. 

Jonzon closed with a three-un- 
der-par 69 at Aroeira to beat Ig- 
nacio Garrido by three strokes. 

Olazabai played the last 11 
holes in four-over par for a round 
of 74, which left him seven strokes 
behind Jonzon. (AFP) 

• Stuart Appleby of Australia 
moved into firat place Sunday in 
the Honda Classic at Heron Bay. 
Because of rain Friday, the final 
two rounds were being played 

Appleby shot a 67, to follow 
ro 68s, to move to 203, one 

two 68s, to move to 203, one 
stroke ahead of Payne Stewart, 
who carded his third straight 68 
and two ahead of Paul 
Stankowski, the overnight leader, 
who had a 72. (Reuters) 

The former Tar Heel stars Sam Per- 
kins. Bobby Jones, Mitch Kupchak and 
George Karl were on hand to watch 
Smith set the record. 

“I share it with all the guys who 
played, ’ ’ Smith said. 

North Carolina (26-6) trailed by one 
point at the half in its East Regional 
game, then used a 38-14 run over the 
□rat 12 minutes of the second half to 
secure its 14th consecutive victory. 

Antawn Jamison led die Tar Heels 
with 19 points and 16 rebounds, while 
Shammood Williams scored 15 points. 
Fred Edmonds led Colorado (22-10) 
with 18 points. 

It was Smith’s 63d NCAA tourna- 
ment victory, extending his own record, 
and put North Carolina into the round of 
16 for the 21st tune in his 36 seasons as 
Tar Heels’ coach. 

California 75, ViBanova 68 In the other 

game in Winston-Salem, North Car- 
olina, Tony Gonzalez, the football tight 
end who doubles as a basketball player, 
scored a season-high 23 points, while 
Randy Duck added 16, including a pair 


Alvin Williams scored 31 
points for Vtilanova (24-10), 
which has lost in the first or 
second rounds in each of the 
past three seasons. 

Kansas 75, Purdue 61 In 
the Southeast region, lop- 
ranked Kansas, coached by 
Roy Williams, a former 
Smith assistant and player, 
beat stubborn Purdue. 

Paul Pierce scored 20 points and 
made big plays with the game in the 
balance as the top-seeded Jayhawks 
(34-1) advanced to the regional semi- 
finals for the fifth straight year. 

Pierce pulled down 12 rebounds and 
stepped up after Purdue, trailing by lOai 
halftime, edged in front by a point with 
9:58 to play. 

Raef LaFrentz had 18 points and 1 1 
rebounds for Kansas, and Jacque 
Vaughn 1 2 points and nine assists. Chad 
Austin scored 17 for Purdue ( 1 8-1 2). but 
went4-of-l8 from the field. 

Arizona 73, College of Charleston 69 

Mike Bibby hit three free throws in the 

Dec. 18. 

But Bibby scored 13 of 
his 18 points in the final 
7:16, getting the Wildcats 
into their sixth regional 
semifinal. Miles Simon led 
Arizona with 20 points, and 
A.J. Branded added 12 
points and 15 rebounds. 
Stacy Harris scored a career- 
high 25 points for Charle- 

Iowa st. 67, Cincinnati 66 In the Mid- 
west. Dedric Willoughby and Kenny 
Pratt, who struggled in the first round, 
combined for 40 points as Iowa State 
beat Cincinnati. 

Pratt led the Cyclones (22-8) with 21 
points. Willoughby added 19. 

Cincinnati (26-8). the third seed and 

the team many picked as the preseason 
favorite for the NCAA title, failed to 

favorite for the NCAA title, failed to 
make it out of the subregionals for the 
third time in four years. 

Danny Fonson led the Bearcats with 
16 points. 

UCLA 96, Xaviar 83 Charles O’Ban- 
non scored 28 points and UCLA used a 


Darnell Williams led Xavier (23-6) 
with 16 points, and Torraye Braggs ad- 
ded 15 before fouling out with 3:25 

UCLA's decisive run started with 
Henderson’s tap-in and ended when the 
forward broke free for a reverse layup 
with 12:08 remaining, giving the Br uins 
a 66-47 lead. Xavier cut the lead to 80- 
69 with 4:31 remaining, but it was too 
late to caich the Bruins. 

St. Joseph's 61 , Boston Ctttoge 77 In 
Salt Lake City In the West regional. 
Rashid Bey scored 10 of St Joseph’s 12 
points in overtime, and the Hawks set a 
tournament record for long-range shoot- 
ing to win their 10th straight game. 

Bey’s 3-pointer with 525 seconds 
left in overtime gave Sl Joe's a 75-71 
lead and set a record for 3-pointers at- 
tempted by a tournament team with 43. 
He then made four three throws in the 
final seconds, including a pair with two 
seconds left that gave Sl Joe's (26-6) 
the tiny Jesuit school its final margin. 

Kentucky 75, Iowa 69 Scott Padgett, 
Wayne Turner and Nazr Mohammed, 

all sophomores, helped defending 
champion Kentucky (32-4) beat Iowa. 

The Associated Press \\ i . 

CHARLOTTE, North Carolina 
Derrick Brown gave the Pro videnceFn- 
ara a huge assist Sunday with his most 
points ever. . ... w ] 1' 

The senior forward helped the Pngis 
overcome foul trouble by ~ Austin 
Croshere with a 33-point performance 
th at sent Providence to a 98-S7 victory 
over Duke in Sunday’s second roimd of 
the NCAA tournament's Southeast Re- 
gional. ■; 

Tenth-seeded Providence (23-1 1) ad- 
vanced to the round of 16 for the first 
tune since the 1 987 Friars made it tp lhe 
Final Four. * 

This year’s Southeast Regional finals, 
are being played in Birmingham. 
Alabama, the same place where the Fri- 
ars won their last regional tide. . 

Brown, who made 12 of 16 fieht-goal 
attempts, also had 10 rebounds. . 

Second-seeded Duke (24-9) .was 
looking for a chance at its eighth Final 
Four both in 17 years under coach Mike 
Krzyzewski. Instead, the Blue Devils 
failed to make the round of 16 for the 
fourth time in five years. j j-' : 

Jeff Capel closed his Duke career 
with 26 points, including 19 in the 
second half. J. - 

Croshere, coming off a career-high. 

39 points in an opening-round victory 
over Marquette, found the going much 
tougher Sunday, when he spent four- 
plus minutes on the bench in each half 
because of foul problems. Croshere 
wound up with 21 points on 7-o£-16 
shooting. * 

Rebounding continued to be a' prob- t 
lem for the Blue Devils. Providence had 
a 43-24 edge on the boards. The Friars 
had 15 offensive rebounds, including 
six by Brown. 

Brown, a 6-foot-6 junior college 
transfer who had been averaging 17 
points, gave Providence a needed lift on 
a day when Croshere, a first-team aH-.% 
Big East selection, picked up his second 
personal fool less than seven minutes * 
into the contest. He was assessed his^ 
fourth on a charging call with 16:14 ’ 
remaining in the game and went to the 

Croshere came back in with .1 1:57 left 
and the Friara leading by a. point; 
Providence responded with an 1 1-5 run, 
getting a layup and two rebounds by 
Brown in the singe, to go up 72-65, the 
Friars' biggest lead to that stage. . - _ 

; Bm Capel tot a 3-pointer to start a 9- ~ 

2 run for the Blue Etevils, Capel added 
two more baskets in the surge, which j - 
tied it at 74 with 5:34 remaining. 

Croshere put die Friars ahead to stay 
when he banked in a 14-footer front the . - 
right wing at the 5:13 mark. The basket 
started an 11-1 run. - ‘ 

Fielder Drops Demand 

Alphand Wins Overall World Cup Title 


baseball The New York Yan- 
kees' Cecil Fielder dropped his 
trade demand on Saturday night, 
one minute before he would have 
become a free agent 
Fielder had until midnight to 
make good on his threat to become 
a free agent, voiding a $7.2 million 
contract if the Yankees did not 
trade him. (AFP) 

Politics and Sailing 

The Maori activist accused of 
crushing the America’s Cup with 
a sledgehammer will mount a 
political defense against the white 
occupation of New Zealand, his 
lawyer said 

A Maori separatist group that 
took responsibility for Friday's at- 
tack on the 147-year-old yachting 
trophy, said more violence would 
follow until whites end the “il- 
legal occupation of New Zeal- 
and” (AP) 

Canptltd by Our StttfTvnn Dfyufcfej 

VAIL, Colorado — Norway’s Finn 
Christian Jagge won the final World Cup 
men’s slalom of the season. 

Frenchman Luc Alphand won the overall 
World Cup title when Norwegian Kjetil 
Andre Aamodt failed to finish in the top 
two in the slalom. 

Alphand also became the first downhill 
specialist since Karl Schranz of Austria in 
1970 to take the title. 

Alphand the first Frenchman to win 
since Jean -Claude Killy in 1968, succeeded 
Norway’s 1996 overall champion, Lasse 

Jagge docked 1 :27.94 to push Austria’s 
Thomas S tang ass inger into second spot by 
0.12 seconds, and Italy’s Alberto Tomba 
finished third, 025 seconds further back. 

Earlier on Sunday, Italy’s Lara Magoni 
and Sweden’s Pemilla Wiberg tied for first 
place in the women's slalom Sunday in the 
World Cup Finals. 

Katja Seizinger, a German, had the best 
slalom finish of her career — third — to earn 
medals in all four races at these finals. 

Magoni held a first-run lead of .18 

seconds over the surprising Seizinger, who 
had never finished higher than seventh in 
the event Wiberg. this season's overall 
slalom champion, was fifth, .76 seconds off 
the lead. 

Wiberg fashioned a blistering second run 
of 48,30 second*;, while Magoni came 
across in 49.06 for an identical combined 
time of 1:35.77. Seizinger finished at 

Wiberg finished the season with a World 
Cup-record 1 ,960 points, including 770 in 
the slalom. She won five of the nine slalom 

New Zealand's Claudia Riegler, slowed 
by injuries to her shoulder and wrist in 
training, placed ninth in 1:37.72 and hung 
on to second place in the slalom standings 
with 418 points. Italy's Deborah Com- 
pel gnoni was third with 407. 

Seizinger, the 1996 overall champion, 
completed a brilliant finals. She tied for 
second in Wednesday's downhill, won the 
super-G Thursday and was second in the 
giant slalom Saturday. 

On Saturday. Switzerland's Michael von 
Gruenigen and Compagnoni continued their 

season-long dominance of giant slalom. 

Von Gruenigen and Compagnoni won 
their respective giant-slalom races . each 
rallying from second place to overtake the 
first-nm leader. 

Von Gruenigen, 27. trailed first-run lead- 
er. Rainer Salzgeber of Austria, by .18 

seconds but easily made up the difference on 
the second run. His second heat was a whop- 

ping 1.17 seconds faster than Salzgeber. 
Von GruenieeQ had won eieht Woi 

Von Gruenigen had won eight Worid 
Cup giant slaloms this season and had 
already secured the points title. 

He bad a combined time of 2: 18.58, 
nearly a full second faster than Salzgeber’ s 
2:19.57. Andreas Schifferer of Austria was 
third in 2:19.97, followed by Patrick Holzer 
of Italy in 220.28. 

Compagnoni. already the season’s giant- 

slalom champion .posted her fourth straight 
victory in seven C/S races this season. 

victory in seven OS races this season. 

Compagnoni, .17 seconds behind first- 
run leader Seizinger, overtook Seizinger 
with a second run that was 55 seconds 
quicker than the German’s. She finished 
with a combined time of 2: 1 1 .45. 

(AFP, AP, Reuters) 

Laura Magoni of Italy cutting past a gate duringSun^y’s r U n& 

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