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Th e World’s Daily Newspaper 

Paris, Friday, March 21 , 1997 

No. 35.475 

Doubting Accord, Clinton and Yeltsin Meet 

■ ’ By John Vinocur 

v Intematwnal Hera LI Tribune 

•’T. HELSINKI — Presidents Bill Hin- 
ton and Boris -Yeltsin met Thursday 
bight at the start of a U.S. -Russian sum- 
mit conference on expanding NATO 
that was edged with Russian irritation 
and the likelihood of ongoing disagree- 

. Both sides said it was virtually certain 

tfiht no compromise could be found in 
Fwo days of talks here to both smooth the 
way to the alliance’s enlargement with 
members from the former Soviet-led 
Warsaw PacL and provide Russia with 
sufficient inducements and face-saving 
elements to avoid new episodes of 

destabilizing political tension at home. 

But strong differences in tone about 
the nature of their disagreement con- 
cerning the expansion program, sched- 
uled to begin in July, remained in Rus- 
sian and U.S. statements leading up to 
the opening dinner for Mr. Hinton and 
Mr. Yeltsin at the presidential palace in 

As if good relations between the two 
powers could be buffeted by NATO 
enlargement, Mr. Yeltsin said in an ar- 
rival statement, “Let us not lose the 
partnership we have established and de- 

The approach was clearly softer than 
that employed for the last two days by 
Sergei Yastrzhembsky, the Kremlin 

spokesman, who said, *‘If NATO ex- 
pansion goes ahead in the toughest and 
most negative scenario for us, Russia 
will be faced with the need to review its 
foreign policy priorities.” 

Asked to define the tone employed by 
the Russians. Michael McCurry, Mr. 
Clinton's spokesman, stressed the good 
personal relations between the two lead- 
ers and said, “There are always dif- 
ferent degrees of public statements” 
that “reflect the anxieties concerned.” 

He seemed to suggest that much of 
theRussian edge was aimed at constitu- 
encies of Mr. Yeltsin. The Russian pres- 

ident was thought to be seeking a 
ticularly forceful image afteT his 
and disabling cardiac problems. 

The outlook for disagreement was 
bluntly acknowledged, however, by 
Samuel Berger, the White House ad- 
viser for national security affairs. He 
made an effort at the same rime to 
remove it from any particularly dra- 
matic context. 

“We're going to disagree on NATO 
enlargement,” he said. “And I don’t 
expect them to change their view and 
they shouldn't expect us to change our 
views. And the issue is how we work 
together in spite of that issue on which 
we disagree. 

“But on this issue we wiil agree to 

The meeting, held in Finland because 
the United States wanted to spare Mr. 

Yeltsin the rigors of a trip to the United 
Stales, had its ironies. Of the two lead- 
ers. it was Mr. Clinton who was in far 
greater discomfort after his knee sur- 
gery. He had to be removed in a wheel- 
chair from Air Force One, placed in a 
catering truck and lowered to the run- 
way before he entered a specially re- 
modeled van for the trip to Helsinki on 
his arrival. 

Mr. Yeltsin appeared lean and ruddy. 
He said he expected that he and Mr. 
Clinton would part as friends although 
the talks would be difficult. 

The two presidents appeared before 
photographers before their dinner. Both 
were seated, and Mr. Clinton had his right 
leg extended in from of him. 

He reminded the group that this was 
his 1 1th meeting with Mr. Yeltsin and 
said he was glad to see him * 'looking so 
fit and well.” 

"I think we’ll work something out.” 
Mr. Clinton said. 

Igor MaJachenko. chief of the Rus- 
sian television network and a man often 
described as a confidant of the Russian 
president, described disagreement with 
Mr. Hinton as a domestic plus for Mr. 
Yeltsin, who could be “no less tough 
than Alexander Lebed,” the former 
Russian security adviser who also was a 
commander in Afghanistan. But he 
stressed that no new division between 

See SUMMIT, Page 12 

. ^ VorikJiifHn/Vpiit-hmKr-hFiw 

President Boris Yeltsin waving Thursday upon arrival in Helsinki. 

Clinton Is Down, 
Yeltsin Up, Up, Up 


HELSINKI — Boris Yeltsin's 
imagemakers. struggling for months to 
prove he is fit to rule Russia, could not 
have asked for a more welcome scene at 
Helsinki's airport on Thursday. 

President Bill Clinton, in a wheel- 
chair, was taken off the plane in a ca- 
tering truck. It took a while but he 
eventually emerged, smiling sheep- 
ishly. his right leg stuck out in front 
because of knee surgery last week. 

By contrast, (he 66-year-old Kremlin 
leader, who earlier this year appeared 
unable to make the summit rendezvous 
because of a difficult recovery from 
heart surgery, looked nimble as he des- 
cended from his plane three hours later. 

He smiled broadly as he was greeted 
and stood hatless in a freezing wind 
while a band played the Russian and 
Finnish anthems. 

. Since he could not stand. Mr. Clinton 
did without a musical welcome. 


President Bill Clinton, in his wheelchair, being lowered to the ground after his flight to the talks 

Haul Ridunl/ < 

in Finland. 

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Poverty Marches to Forefront in Thailand Delta Picks Boeing in Exclusive Deal 

By Michael Richardson 

Internatio nal Herald Tribune 

BANGKOK — A disgiuiitled throng 
of more than 10,000 Impoverished 
farmers and landless laborers camped 
! on the road outside the prime minister’s 
. office in Thailand is. a vivid reminder 
that all is not well in a country that only 
a few years ago -was praised by the 
World Bank as a model developing 

The protesters, who call themselves 
the Assembly of the Poor, say they will 
nor leave until the government agrees to 
carry out sweeping agricultural reforms, 
including granting land titles to poor 
farmers and financial compensation for 
i those displaced by dam budding, forestry 
♦projects and industrial expansion. 

• ‘Only the rich, who already own a lot 

of land and have the money to bribe 
officials to register it. have proper land 
titles,” said Vanida Tantivitayapitak, a 
spokeswoman for the assembly. "Poor 
people cannot afford to make payoffs 
and go through the long bureaucratic 
process of getting a deed for the land 
they till." 

Prime Minister Chaovalit Yongchaiy- 
ut a former armed fences commander, 
has expressed sympathy for the plight of 
the poor, and his political power rase is 
in northeast Thailand, where many of 
the protesters come from. Bui neither he 
nor any of his ministers have found time 
to meet a delegation of the demonstrat- 
ors since they set up their makeshift 
camp in January. 

The government has other pressing 
concerns on its agenda, although critics 
say it is neglecting social, political and 

economic problems that are an even 
more serious long-term threat to sta- 
bility and sustainable growth in Thai- 

The government’s immediate con- 
cern is a financial crisis arising from 
loans by Thai banks and finance compa- 
nies worth 800 billion baht (S30.9 bil- 
lion) to property companies to build 
homes and offices, mainly in Bangkok, 
many of which are now vacant. 

With a real estate boom in the early 
1990s, an emerging urban middle-class 
snapped up houses, apartments and con- 
dominiums, and Thai and foreign 
companies sought upmarket office 
space. “Developers have been borrow- 
ing and spending money like there was 
no tomorrow,” said a senior Thai ex- 

See THAILAND, Page 12 

. '• • 


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By Barry James 

Internationa/ Herald Tribune 

In the kind of deal that is likely to 
become more frequent as the global 
aircraft manufacturing industry settles 
around two major poles. Delta Airlines 
announced Thursday that it would buy 
its planes exclusively from Boeing 
Co., starting with a firm order for 106 
aircraft worth S6.7 billion to be de- 
livered by 2006. 

Delta's chairman. Ron Allen, said 
the airline also had retained options for 
124 aircraft, bringing the value of the 
initial order to $15 billion. But the 


Clash in Bethlehem 

Palestinians and Israeli troops 
dashed in Bethlehem on Thursday 
during a march to protest Israel’s 
decision to start work on bousing in 
East Jerusalem. Page 2. 

airline also tied itself to a 25-year 
agreement with Boeing that could 
eventually total 644 aircraft, die At- 
lanta-based company said. 

The agreement could eclipse a pre- 
liminary agreement made last year by 
Airbus Industrie, -the European con- 
sortium. to sell up to 400 aircraft, 
potentially worth $18 billion, to 

Boeing shares closed Thursday at 
$104,875, up 873 cents, on the New 
York Stock Exchange. Delta shares 
fell 123 cents to close at $84375. 

In common with other U.S. carriers, 
both Delta and USAir, which has since 

changed its name to US Airways, have 
aging and heterogeneous fleets ac- 
quired in a decade of mergers and 
consolidations. Industry experts said it 
made sense for airlines to buy “fam- 
ilies” of aircraft from the same man- 
ufacturer because it gives them more 
flexibility to shape their fleets to 
match market requirements, simplifies 
their parts inventories and cuts the cost 
of training and assigning air crew. 

Delta plans to replace its elderly 
Lockheed L-1011 jets, about 10 per- 
cent of its fleet, by the end of the 

See JETS, Page 12 

A Historic Settlement 
In Cigarette Lawsuits 

Large Concessions by Maker of Chesterfields 


- Page 4. 


Pages 24-25. 

Spamond Section 

Pagan 18-1A 

tntemaHanat Education in Benelux 

International OassMad 

Page 4, 

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Members of the Assembly of the Poor doing a traditional dance as they protested near Parliament In Bangkok. 

Is Macedonia Next for the Ethnic Pyre? 

By Mike O’Connor 

New York Tunes Service 

TETOVO, Macedonia — In an office 
Jfabove the streets of this ancient city of 
€ Albanian people, where the clothing and 
crowds reflect the flavor of the Middle 
East, a quiet, obviously thoughtful man 
said the words "that make many Mace- 
donians fear theirs will be the next Bal- 
kan country to fall into ethnic turmoil. 


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“We are not Macedonians, we ars 
Albanians who live in Macedonia,” 
said Arben Xhaferi, leader of an Al- 
banian political party whose nationalist 
positions have been gaining consider- 
able support from Albanians in Mace- 
donia. “We cannot be part of this state if 
there is only one official language and 
one approved culture and it is not 

With unrest in Albania, which bor- 
ders Macedonia to the west, many Al- 
banians in this country say they feel 

under increasing pressure to curtail then- 

campaign for greater protection of their 

But despite the pressure, leaders like 
Mr. Xhaferi say, they are becoming 
more assertive. 

At the same time, foreign diplomats 
and Macedonian politicians say the 
scenes of thousands of Albanian gun- 
men running through the country next 
door reinforce the position of Mace- 
donian nationalists who insist mat the 
demands of the country’s Albanian 
minority, who account for about one- 
quarter of the population, must not be 

^^We are seeing the old fears between 

the two ethnic groups come right to the 
surface,” a foreign official said. "I 
won’t say it will continue to spiral up- 
ward,-but I can’t say it will not.’ ’ 

The leader of the largest opposition 
bloc in the national legislature, Stojan 
Andov, had a much gloomier predic- 
tion. "We moderates have about a 20 
percent chance of stopping the chaos in 
Albania from spreading here,” be said. 

"The extremists are spreading a fire. 
Bach side gets stronger. The fire from 
Albanian nationalists frightens the av- 
erage Macedonian and makes some of 
them move toward the extremist po- 
sition. Then the extremists among the 
Macedonians say tilings that frighten 
the average Albanian, and they get more 

_ He said he felt like one of the politi- 
cians in Bosnia-Herzegovina who, six 
years ago, tried to cairn the nationalist 
mood as that country headed to war. 

Macedonia, with a population of 
about two million, escaped the violence 
that enveloped much of the region as 
Yugoslavia dissolved, 
out it is the gulf between Albanian 

See ALBANIANS, Page 6 







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WASHINGTON — The maker of 
Chesterfield cigarettes agreed to an- 
nounce a historic settlement of anti- 
smoking litigation late Thursday that 
contained unprecedented concessions 
by a tobacco company, including the 
admission that nicotine is addictive, 
state law enforcement officials said. 

Under the deal, persons familiar with 
the negotiations said, Liggett Group Inc. 
agreed to place a warning on cigarette 
packs that smoking is addictive and 
causes cancer and to pay as much as $25 
million, plus 25 percent of its pretax 
profit for 25 years. 

In return, the attorneys general of 22 
states would drop their lawsuits against 
the company and might give Liggett 
immunity from future state claims. 

No cigarette company has ever ad- 
mitted alink between tobacco and cancer 
or other health problems. The tobacco 
industry has dismissed scientific evi- 
dence to the contrary as inconclusive. 

"The fallout from this agreement win 
be felt well into the 21st century, and it 
should end once and for all the farce of 
industry denials about their illegal and 

deceptive conduct.” said Attorney Gen- 
eral Scott Harsh barge r of Massachu- 
setts, head of the National Association 
of Attorneys General. 

He said the evidence could be used in 
the numerous lawsuits against the to- 
bacco industry. “This is a very sig- 
nificant victory, we believe,” he said. 

The settlement does not end state 
litigation against Liggett' s competitors 
or affect more than 200 private lawsuits 
pending against cigarette makers. Nor 
does it provide a framework for a global 
settlement because other companies, 
unlike Liggett, are financially able to 
withstand a big damage award. 

which also makes the Eve brancf ci- 
garette, to give state officials internal 
documents that could help the 22 states 
in suits against other cigarette makers. 

In a preemptive strike, Philip Morris 
announced that it won a temporary re- 
straining order Thursday morning to 
prevent one part of the deal — Liggett’ s 
agreement to turn over thousands of 
documents believed to incriminate the 

See TOBACCO, Page 12 

Pregnant Ulster Inmate 
Puts England on Spot 

By Erik Ipsen 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — The daughter of one of Northern Ireland’s 
most famous radical politicians on Thursday stepped up a 
high-profile struggle with the British government that has 
already made her one of the biggest causes in the province in 
more than a decade. 

Roisin McAUskey is seven months pregnant and in de- 
tention in a north London jail, awaiting possible extradition to 
Germany for questioning about a terrorist attack. On 
Thursday, she threatened to run for Parliament unless the 
government granted her request for bail. 

Ms. McAhskey, who has been in detention for four months, 
has become a major thorn in the side of the British gov- 

Her battle with Whitehall comes almost exactly 28 years 
after her fiercely nationalistic mother, Bernadette McAliskey, 

See ULSTER, Page 6 

Mmic McGdkxigfa/Tbc AmQBcd Prcn 

Roisin McAliskey, right, and her mother, Bernadette, 
in a funeral procession in Londonderry in 19941 



When Villages Die / 'No One Will Move Here' 

Rural Exodus Leaves Behind a France of Memory 

By Charles Trueheart 

Washington Post Service 


M ESSEIX, France — When the coal 
mines were running on three shifts a 
quarter-century ago, there were 30 
bars doing business in this mountain 
village in south -central France. The caffe’ coun- 
tertops were warm with cups and glasses, elbows 
and coins. Now there are two such places. 

Of an afternoon, Marcelie Bony pushes a 
damp cloth across a bare counter at the CafS de la 
Maine. The mines are long closed, most of the 
schools and businesses shuttered, the play- 

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ground equipment rusted. Perhaps 1.000 people 
live here and in surrounding hollows now, down 
from 3,000. Like pockets of Messeix itself, tinier 
outlying communities gradually are being left 
empty, often falling to ruin. 

“Two years ago we had 40 people die, and last 
year. 36.’ 1 Miss Bony said. Most of those who 
remain are retired. * ‘TTiere are more widows than 
couples,” she said. “I wonder how long it can 

Down the road in Bogros, a hamlet of a few 
hundred souls, one young person has found a 
reason not to leave just yet. A government- 
funded. half-time, minimum -wage grant has giv- 

0 150 


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en Marie -La ure Amadou, 21, a job looking after 
and leadina the occasional tour of the former 

and leading the occasional tour of the former 
schoolroom. It was abandoned in its prewar state 
— black tunics on hooks, full inkwells and jars of 
formaldehyde and snake skeletons — when more 
than half of all French people lived in places such 
as this. Now fewer than one in 10 do. 

When the year is up. Miss Amadou probably 
will end up in a bigger town or city. “If I find 
work that's worth going for. I'd go, that's for 
sure.” she said. 

This rugged country astride ancient volcanoes 
has undergone seismic social and economic 
change since World War n. The “glorious 30“ 
years of postwar reconstruction that made 
France the world's fourth -biggest economic 
power — and the second-largest agricultural 
exporter — kept isolated places like this alive 
long past the day when other European countries 
had become industrialized and citified. 

Now France's once heavily rural population 
base has shifted to Paris and other great cities as 
generations have found jobs in factories and 
homes in swelling suburbs. Just as the song 
predicted, keeping them down on the farm is no 
longer an option. 

The trend toward urban agglomerations Is 
neither new nor unique to France. But as 
Europe's largest country in area, and the one 
with the lowest population density by far. France 
is exceptional in its heritage of rural life and its 
still-muscular farm economy. By depleting rural 
areas of people, urbanization has accentuated 
what pass for Europe's most wide-open spaces. 

The migrants left behind a France of memory 
and postcard, of rolling farmland with outcrop- 
pings of stone buildings housing a few score 
people. Across a diagonal swath bisecting France 
from the Pyrenees mountains in the southwest to 
the Ardennes in the northeast at the Belgian 
border, the village is dying a slow death. 

With its passing goes a piece of die French 
identity. The rough-hewn humility of rural life 
has always served as a psychic national coun- 

The rough-hewn humility of 
France’s rural life has 
always served as a psychic 
national counterpoint to 
Parisian sophistication. Note 
it threatens 

to become mere folklore. 

r. ■ 

CharkatrodMiVTix! Wjrfihigum ft** 

terpoint to Parisian sophistication. Now it 
threatens to become mere folklore. 

The village represents the tamed and civilized 
wilderness that die French prefer to wilderness 
itself. “Nature is a form of culture here, and the 
village is a part of nature,” said Nicole Eizner. a 
scholar of rural life at the University of Paris. 

Asked about the prospects fbr survival or tourist 

S tiaL residents of this region in the Massif 
al, 480 kilometers (300 miles) south of Paris, 

Central, 480 kilometers (300 miles) south of Paris, 
mention nature trails and thermal baths, or the local 
artisans who maintain authentic local industries 
making jam or pottery. They mention, too, a small 
museum in their town — of mining, of tanning, of 
railroading: a bygone society in amber. 

There are plenty of testaments to rural flight 
— vacant post offices, shuttered police stations, 
empty pulpits — but die most definitive are 
school closings. ‘ ‘When a school closes in a little 
village, that’s the end of the little village.” 
lamented Simone Descat, who lives in Unac, a 
cluster of stone buildings in southwestern 
France. “No one will move here.” 

A third of Urtac's 90 people now live in a 
distant city and come only for the weekend or on 
holidays — and in that respect Unac, in a sunny 
clime near French and Spanish cities, is more 
fortunate than most. Another 30 villagers are 
over 60 — well over 60, Mrs. Descat said. 

The other third hang on. do their shopping and 
school their children in other towns. The talc 
plant where Mrs. Descat has worked since her 
children left home has lost more than half its 
employees since the late 1970s and is scheduled 
to close by 2005. 

Since 1967, 50.000 businesses have disap- 
peared in rural France, casualties of the pre- 
cipitate consolidation of farms, which have 
dwindled from 3 million in 1965 to 700,000 
today. Some 1 ,200 towns and 15.000 villages are 

threatened with the phenomenon the French call 
“desertification,” or “the France of the void.” 

People who live in the supposed desert vig- 
orously rejecr such terms. “There's nothing 
fated about decline and depopulation,” said 
Raymond Cerruti, mayor of Rioro-es- 
Moatagnes, near here. “But we can't go on and 
on the same way.” 

Miss Eizner, the scholar, said: ‘T don’t be- 
lieve the theory of the void. We should think of 
restructuring rather than desertification.” 

I T COSTS the French government milli ons 
of francs to slow the decline of its rural 
communities, with work programs to keep 
the roadsides tidy or grants to keep a bakery 
ojpen. to say nothing of huge European ag- 
ricultural subsidies. 

Maintaining services or catering commer- 
cially to scattered populations of only a few 
hundred is inefficient. One new government 
program established hundreds of village centers 
consolidating postal and banking services, fax 
and photocopy machines, tobacco and basic 
foodstuffs. As meeting places, villagers and bu- 
reaucrats hope, such sites will preserve the hu- 
man intercourse that keeps villages together. 

At the northeastern end of trances sash of 
dwindling population, not far from where Cham- 
pagne grapes are grown, one village mayor said 
he believes the problem often lies in stubborn 
rural attitudes. Many fanners know about po- 
tential buyers for their land or other potential 
business opportunities, said Olivier Brun. mayor 
of Atfais. 

“But they say, it’s not for us. I don't have the 
time. I’m not interested,* * ' he said. He also hears 
excuses: “If city people moved here, they might 
want the same services. They might not want to 
hear the cock crow or the church bells at night. 

They might not like what the farm animals leave 
on the roads,” 

As mayor of his town of 800 — up from 540 
two decades ago — Mr. Brun has served a role 
essential in a country where the stale has been a 
generous partner in privare enterprise for cen- 
turies. He has been a conduit fbr local, regional, 
national and now European grants. 

One project of which he is proud, he said, is 
the construction of rental housing. The architect 
who was first approached ro build the units called 
the idea “crazy.'’ But Mr. Brun said he un- 
derstood that renters would not just help Ae town 
grow, but would keep its schools open to sustain 
the growth. Renters tend only to rent for a few 
years, he supposed, ensuring that the school-age 
population would renew itself. It has. 

Jean-Claude Walchli is also sticking it out in 
his village. Condat, about 25 kilometers from 
here. Mr. Walchli heads a family-owned com- 
pany that buys milk from local farmers to make 
St. Nectaire and other cheeses. In an interview at 
his factory, he said most of the region's cheese 
production is in the hands of an old fanners’ 
cooperative, now partly in private hands, and 
another big French company. 

Bat as Condat has shrunk in the last 25 years, 
pressures to restructure are great. • The drama of 
our little region.” Mr. Walchli said, is that 
economic planners and the big cheese producers 
want to move their production to flatter pastures 
to take advantage of economies of scale and 
transportation links. They are urging fanners 
around Condat to switch, after many centuries, to 
raising livestock for meat instead of milk — 

work that requires only a quarter of the labor. 

Is he ever tempted to sell his business? ' ‘From 

the point of view of finance, yes.” Mr. Walchli 
said. “From the point of view of spirit, no. We 

said. “From the point of view of spirit, no. We 
are very independent” 

U.S. Is Said to Be Reviewing Its ‘Containment’ Policy on Iran 

" By Joseph Fitchett 

International Herald Tribune 

Makers of foreign policy in the Clin- 
ton administration are engaged in dis- 
cussions about future stability in the 
Gulf and specifically on possible 
changes in U.S. policy toward Iran, ac- 
cording to former U.S. officials and 
cabinet-level figures in Arab govern- 

This top-level discussion about long- 
term options concerning Tehran appears 
to have pul a new policy overlay on a 
question that until recently dominated 
U.S. thinking about Iran: whether the 
United States will respond militarily if 
Tehran turns out to be implicated in the 
Khobar Tower bombing last June in 
Saudi Arabia that killed 19 U.S. Air 
Force personnel. 

Declining detailed comment on the 
subject as "too sensitive for discus- 
sion," a White House source said that 
the stakes in the Gulf were “so high for 
U.S. policy that we are going to manage 
that situation at our own pace and on our 
own cue.” 

Any hint of reopening U.S. policy 
toward Iran, traditionally the dominant 

power in the Gulf, is controversial in 
Washington, where the regime remains 
a pariah 18 years after the ayatollahs 
seized power. 

U.S. attitudes toward Iran preoccupy 
not only neighboring Saudi Arabia but 
also European governments because of 
the Gulfs strategic importance. 

While academics have suggested in 
recent months that Iran may be losing its 
zeal to destabilize its neighbors, it is 
only now that the Clinton administra- 
tion's inner circle on strategic issues 
seems to be re-examining U.S. options 
to see if there is an alternative to its Gulf 
policy of “dual containment" — in 
effect, treating both Iraq and Iran as 
pariah states. 

“It's a posture, not a policy,” Zbig- 
niew Brzezinski, a former national se- 
curity adviser, said about the U.S. po- 
sition, adding that it did not allow for 
any evolution in Tehran's attitudes or 

Now there is “deliberation” about 
Iran in Washington among a small circle 
of officials, Mr. Brzezinski said this 
week in Paris. He said he assumed the 
U.S. goal was to see if there were 
grounds for a gradual convergence of 

views, perhaps over a decade, about the 
need for regional stability in the Gulf. 

A possible new horizon for relations, 
several officials said, could take the 
form of a common Western position 
offering Tehran the prospect of slowly 
expanding economic ties, if Iran were 
willing to respect a general code of 
peaceful co-existence, especially with 
its oil-rich Arab neighbors in the Gulf. 

To forge a common Western front, 
the United States would have to pledge 
not to escalate its economic pressure 
into an all-out attempt to isolate Iran, 
while Germany. France and Italy would 
agree not to expand their business deal- 
ings with Tehran. 

That Western line could then be ad- 
justed over the years in conjunction with 
Iranian actions, diplomats said. 

This approach would fit a widely 
noticed comment by Secretary of State 
Madeleine Albright during her recent 
visit to Paris when she suggested that 
the United States and Europe together 
try to find a joint approach to Iran. 

She said that Europe and the United 
States had failed with their respective 
policies of critical dialogue and critical 
silence toward Iran. 

Economically, Iran has been crippled 
by the U.S. trade embargo, which was 
recently strengthened by a controversial 
law calling for U.S. sanctions against 
foreign oil companies that make major 
investments in Iranian energy devef- 

Enough countries, including Russia, 
trade with Iran to keep the economy 

But the time may be approaching 
when the Tehran regime, faced with a 
credible Western array of carrots and 
sticks, might be ready to explore for- 
mulas for co-existence with its neigh- 
bors and the West, according to U.S. and 
Arab officials. 

To allow time for Washington to ex- 
plore these possibilities, the Saudi au- 
thorities appear to have put off a g ain 
their report on the Khobar bombing. 

The report could create political pres- 
sures by absolving Iran or offering con- 
clusions that called for swift U.S. ac- 

Already. Iran has threatened violent 
reprisals against Saudi Arabia and 
Bahrain if the United States strikes Ira- 
nian targets, according to officials from 
both Arab countries. 


Sabena to Start Flights 
To Moscow on April 1 

BRUSSELS (Bloomberg) — Belgi- 
um's national airline, Sabena, said it 
would start daily, direct flights to Mos- 

ooly a few routes and snarled traffic in 
Rome, Milan and other big cities. 

Commuters either walked, braved the 
traffic in cars or waited in long lines for 

A Close Brush 
For 2 Airliners 


Palestinians 4^^ 
Clash With 

Violence in BetMehem 

Protests New Bousing 

Or Oar Staff 

BETHLEHEM — Hundreds of Pal- 
estinians stoned Israeli troops guarding, 
the grave - of a biblical macnamr 
Thursday in this Palestinian-controlled 

city. The soldiers responded with rohifc 
bullks. tear gas, water cannon: and 

The clashes, which lasted mcretiian 
three hours, erupted during a Pafcstmfem 
march to protest Israel’s decision to st® 
work on housing in East Jerusalem, 
which the Palestinians claim as a_feti$c 

Both Palestinian and Israeli officials 
tried to contain the violence, which did 

not spread beyond Bethlehem, _ 
Palestinian police held back - the 
demonstrators for several hoars: and 

But U.S. officials recently denied any 
preparations for punitive air strikes, 
calling the reports Iranian disinform- 
ation designed to unsettle Arab gov- 

After consultations in Washington 
and European capitals, Saudi Arabia's 
defense minister. Prince Sultan ibn Ab- 
dulaziz. said last week that the inves- 
tigation needed to be extended. 

At the time of his visit, a White House 
official said that Washington had no 
intention of being stampeded into action 
“by a single report written by a third 
government” — a reference to the 
Saudi Arabian report 

With the Khobar bombing now 
nearly a year old, tire possibility of 
military reprisals, reportedly under con- 
sideration last fall, seems to have been 
folded into a larger effort by the Clinton 
administration to find a way around the 
dual -containment impasse. 

Mr. Brzezinski said U.S. policy- 
makers have scant room for maneuver 
because of congressional concerns 
about Iran’s interest in nuclear weapons 
and terrorism and because of the ap- 
parent lack of unified political authority 
in Iran. 

demonstrators for several hoars; mi 
Israeli soldiers took the on usual stepjof 
bringing, in water cannon — more com- 
monly used to quell demonstrations Jp- 
side Israel — before resorting to rotter 
bullets. -‘1. | 

The Israeli Army barred tourists from" 
entering Bethlehem after stones were re- 
ported to have been thrown at a toons 
bus. Israelis have been barred from all 
Palestinian cities since ground was 
broken for the Har Horaa neighborhood 
at the edge of Jerusalem on Tuesday. . 

In Bethlehem, fire bombs were 
thrown at soldiers at Rachel 's Tomb, the 
scene of the clashes, Israeli and army 
radio stations reported. 

Meanwhile, five families of Jewish 
settlers moved into a borne in the Arab 
neighborhood of SUwan in EastJenr- 
salem. Since 1991, at least 18 settler 
families have moved into Silwan, an area 
just below the Oki City’s walls thauis 
home to 30,000 Palestinians. 

The government said it bald riot ini- 
tiated the latest move by the settlers. 

Yasser Arafat, in an angiy Speech to 
Palestinian legislators before be left fbr 
Egypt, accused Prime Minister Benjamins 
Netanyahu’s government of “trickery 
and conspiracy on die peace process.” 

He asked, “Do they drink us dtimb’or 
lazy children?” and said: “We reject 
Israel’s attempts to decide the fature‘af 
Jerusalem unilaterally. There will be no 
peace without Jerusalem." 

Mr. Arafat added that Palestinians 
were “not responsible for the cai- 
sequences” of Mr. Netanyahu’s de- 
cision, which he said would “lead to die 
destruction of the peace process abd 
push the area into a cycle of violence.'' 

Defense Minister Yitzhak Mordechai 
of Israel, visiting troops guarding the Har 
Homa construction site, urged Palestin- 
ians to come back to negotiations with 
Israel “to find how we can move forward 

Mr. Mordechai also said he had re- 
ceived new intelligence warnings in- 
dicating more violence could follow 
Muslim prayers Friday. 

“We would very much not like to get 
to that," he said “Violence and ter- 
rorist activity will not help anybody.” 

Mr. Arafat and Done Gold, an envoy, 
sent by Mr. Netanyahu, crossed paths irjf 
Cairo, the center of Arab consultations 
on the crisis in Middle East peace talks. 

Officials said Mr. Arafat would see 
President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt 
while Mr. Gold would see Nfr. 
Mubarak's foreign-policy adviser, 
Osama Baz. ; 

“I'm here to convey a message from 
Israel to Egypt, and we have a very new 
proposal about the peace process to dis- 
cuss, * ’ Mr. Gold said 
He was apparently referring to Mr. 
Netanyahu's offer to complete “final 
status * talks with the Palestinian Au- 
thority within six months, nearly two 
years earlier than planned under the 
peace accord. Palestinians have dis- 
missed the offer as a trick. * 

A Palestinian negotiator, Na&il 


fU10Cl' a 

. fremiti* 1 * 

?. tif. ! r ’ 


T mi 

Shaath, said the most important goaL 
was to stop Israel from building set-.? ' 

was to stop Israel from building set- 1 
dements such as the latest project, 
ydrich envisions 6,500 homes for Jejvs 
in East Jerusalem. i 

Israel occupied East Jerusalem alohg 
with the rest of the West Bank in tne 
1 967 Middle East War and considers iH 
of the city its capital. (AP. Reuters) 

cow on April 1, in cooperation with the 
London-based airline virgin Express. 

London-based airline virgin Express. 

The airline also said it would begin 
flights three times a week to Palma de 
Majorca, and increase flights to both 
Prague and Budapest to two per day. 

Fact Eases Strike Risk 
At American Airlines 

Traffic Snarled in Italy 

ROME IAP) — Transport workers 
held a one-day strike Thursday that shut 
down subways, left buses running on 


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NEW YORK (NYT) — American 
Airlines and negotiators from its pilots 
union have reached an agreement in 
principle on terms of a new contract, 
making another strike by the pilots 
somewhat less likely. 

Bui two significant hurdles remain to 
reaching a final agreement, and those 
uncertainties may give pause to trav- 
elers making plans to fly on American in 
late April, when a strike may still take 
place. A strike by the pilots on Feb. 15 
was halted minutes after it began by 
President Bill Clinton. 

The board of the Allied Pilots As- 
sociation must vote on the deal, which it 
is scheduled to consider Friday or Sat- 
urday. If the board accepts the agree- 
ment, It will be pat to a vote of the 
union’s 9,000 members. If no settlement 
is reached by 12:01 A.M. on April 28. the 
pilots would be free to strike, but could 
be blocked by an act of Congress. 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — An air traffic 
controller allowed two airliners to 
fiy too close to each other as one 
took, off from La Guardi a Airport 
and the other arrived, the Federal 
Aviation Administration said. 

An agency spokeswoman attrib- 
uted the incident to an ‘ ‘operational 

The planes, from U.S. Airways 
and Delta, had a horizontal sep- 
aration of one-and-a-haif miles dur- 
ing the March 6 incident, but their 
vertical separation was just 500 
feet, the agency found. It requires 
separation of 1,000 feet vertically 
and three miles horizontally. 

Separately, the agency cleared 

the flight crews and controller in- 
volved in an earlier incident at 

volved in an earlier incident at La 
Guardia in which the pilots of two 
jets aborted their landings. 

The spokeswoman discounted 
earlier accounts that those jets, 
from United Airlines and American 
Airlines, came within 50 feet of 
each other, saying an investigation 
showed that had not happened. 









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As Deputy Director Urged, a New Generation Is Promoted at CIA 

By R. Jeffrey Smith 

Washington Pen Se rvice 

— At the Central Intel li- 
•5«nce Agency, George Tenet, the deputy di- 
rector. has frequently spoken about the need to 
rrauit or promote a new generation of young 
- officers who are focused on such modem pro!? 
Jems as terrorism, narcotics, arms proliferation 
and spying on such radical nations as Iran Iran 
and North Korea. 

On Wednesday, at age 44. the former con- 
gressional staff aide and White House intelligence 
'-l£ , , iser . found himse,f nominated by President 
■ f- Clinton far the spy agency’s top job in part 
• ^because his strenuous efforts to pursue this post- 
1 War agenda have garnered respect inside 
«■ .CIA h e a dq uarters and a dmirati on outside it, 

Mr. Tenet is an unconventional choice as 
. director. He is not a career employee of the CIA 
is not a prominent businessman, lawyer, 
^military professional or well-known expert on 
Rational security affairs, as were such prede- 
cessors as Allen Dulles. Richard Helms, William 
Colby, George Bush, Stansfield Turner, William 
Webster and Robert Gates. Only James Schle- 
«. singer was younger when he became director. 

The nomination culminates a swift rise 

through the ranks of Washington staff jobs, 
beginning as an energy association employee 
and a legislative assistant to the late Senator John 
Heinz. Republican of Pennsylvania, and pro- 
gressing to staff director of the Senate intel- 
ligence comm i nee and then senior intelligence 
adviser on the National Security Council staff. 

It is also a long way from the New York 
borough of Queens, where he grew up as the son 
of a Greek immigrant who owned a diner. 

After a bruising fight with Senate Republicans 
over the failed nomination of Anthony Lake. Mr. 
Tenet’s support from key lawmakers in both 
parries was probably the decisive factor in Mr. 
Clinton 's choice. 

The Senate intelligence committee chairman, 
Richard Shelby, Republican of Alabama, said 
Wednesday that Mr. Tenet was “a man of in- 
tegrity and professionalism.” and the deputy 
chairman. Bob Kerrey, Democrat of Nebraska, 
said he had the “highest confidence” in Mr. 
Tenet’s ability to lead the CIA. 

A former staff director of the Senate committee, 
Mr. Tenet pledged when he became deputy di- 
rector of the CIA two years ago to work at 
improving the agency’s relations with Congress. 
They had become badly frayed during the tenure 
of Mr. Clinton's first director, James Woolsey. 

By all accounts, Mr. Tenet and his former boss 
at the CIA, John Deutch, shared considerably 
more information with Congress about the 
agency's failures as well as its achievements. 

At his confirmation hearing in June 1 995, Mr. 
Tenet also cited four other personal priorities for 
his tenure at the agency: providing ” actionable' ' 
intelligence that cannot be obtained elsewhere; 
carrying out the “re-engineering" of the in- 
telligence community, revitalizing its troubled 
Directorate of Operations, or clandestine ser- 
vice. and upgrading its counterintelligence ca- 

As deputy director for 18 months and acting 
director since December. Mr. Tenet has already 
traveled to many of the CIA's stations overseas. 
He has discussed intelligence matters with vis- 
iting heads of state and met in Gaza with Yasser 
Arafat to discuss suicide bombings of Israelis. 

A senior administration official who has 
worked closely with Mr. Tenet said he is known 
to many CIA officers as a manager who "will 
drop in anywhere on anybody, outside the chain 
of command, to check on them, a real hands-on 
kind of person.” 

A colleague said that “he's regarded as a real 
person” who. dressed in sweat pants and wear- 
ing head phones, jogs every morning around the 

CIA grounds before picking up breakfast in the 

Mr. Tenet's trademark is an unlit cigar, which 
he often clenches in his teeth. 

He does not smoke it because of a heart 
problem he experienced while working as the 
special assistant to the president for national 
security affairs from 1993 to 1995. 

In that job he wrote four major presidential 
directives that set new intelligence priorities, 
revised ■ the government's declassification 
policies, established a policy on the sharing of 
information collected by satellites and revamped 
the government's counterintelligence efforts. 

According to colleagues, Mr. Tenet shares 
many of Mr. Deutch 's interests and personal 
qualities, including a voluble temperament, an 
animated style of speaking and an extraordinary 
ability to focus intently on the subject at hand. As 
Mr. Deutch said Wednesday, "It is fortunate that 
we were not often emotional at the same time on 
the same subject because it would have changed 
North Amen can weather patterns.” 

Mr. Deutch predicted that Mr. Tenet "will go 
down as one of the really great directors.” He 
described his former deputy as a man with “warm 
good humor” who had “been the single most 
important guiding light for the Directorate of 

Operations” in the last two years and had em- 
phasized “high standards of rradecraft.” 

He also recounted an incident in which Mr. 
Tenet approached him quietly in his office dur- 
ing a meeting with some foreign dignitaries and 
asked if the guests could be ushered out so he 
could pass along an important secret message. 
The message, Mr. Tenet said once the room was 
cleared, was that Mr. Deutch had forgotten to 
raise the fly on his trousers. "It was at that 
moment that I knew I had a uniquely loyal 
deputy.” Mr. Deutch said. 

While Mr. Deutch chose on several occasions 
to criticize the performance of CIA officers — in 
effect flogging them publicly to mend their ways 
— Mr. TeneTs style has been to level his cri- 
ticism in private and make only supportive re- 
marks in public. 

At the White House. Mr. Tenet was a principal 
author of PDD-3S, a classified presidential dir- 
ective that set out new priorities for the in- 
telligence community, including providing sup- 
port to military operations, stopping terrorism, 
narcotics and organized crime and penetrating 
radical countries. 

“He wrote the intelligence priorities and then 
went to the agency to see that they were im- 
plemented,'’ a White House official said. 

Did a CIA Officer Help 
Democratic Party Donor? 

Report Permitted White House Invitations 

By Sharon LaFraniere 
and Brian Duffy 

•» Washington Post Senice 

WASHINGTON — The Central In- 
.. lelligence Agency is investigating 
whether an officer in the agency's elite 
/clandestine service arranged for a fa- 
vorable intelligence report on a major 
7. Democratic Party donor to be sent to the 
White House so that the man could 
attend events with President Bill Clin- 
~ ton, government officials said. 

The officials said the CIA’s inspect- 
, or- general was e xaminin g whether the 
.now-retired officer, William Lofgren, 
\ was part of the Democratic National 
Committee’s effort to gain White House 
, invitations for Roger Tamraz, a wealthy 
Lebanese- American businessman with 
long-established ties to die U-5. intel- 
/ tigence agency. 

Mr. Lofgren, then head of a CIA 
division that dealt with Russia and the 
pther republics of the former Soviet 
_ Union, is listed as the person who gen- 
, erared a December 1995 intelligence 
report about Mr. Tamraz that was sent to 
* a National Security Council staff mem- 
ber, officials of Mr. Clinton’s admin- 
“ istratiqn said Wednesday. At the time, 

' ^be committee wanted to invite Mr. 
Tamraz to a White House event, but the 
> .security council staffer, Sheila Heslin, 
wanted to limit his access. 

Mr. Lofgren is just one focus of the 
.'CIA's inquiry into whether anyone at the 
' agency tried to help Mr. Tamraz at die 
" behest of the Democratic committee. In- 
vestigators also want to know how an- 
other CIA officer handled two phone 
calls from a Democratic official about 
. Mr. Tamraz. CIA officials have said it 

would be highly improper if the com- 
mittee had been able to prevail upon the 
agency to do any kind of favor for a 

Mr. Lofgren is now a consultant in 
Virginia and has done some work for 
Mr. Tamraz. His wife said he was out of 
the country and could not be reached for 
comment Mr. Tamraz said he knew of 
no efforts to enlist the CIA to help him 
get into the White House. 1 ‘Nobody told 
me,” he said. 

Intelligence officials emphasized that 
the inquiry begun by the CIA inspector- 
general, Frederick Hitz, was only a 
week old and still broadly focused In 
interviews, individuals involved have 
offered contradictory accounts. 

Ms. Heslin of the National Security 
Council has said that Donald Fowler, 
who was then chairman of the Demo- 
cratic National Committee, called her in 
late 1995 to urge her to withdraw her 
objections to granting White House ac- 
cess to Mr. Tamraz. Ms. Heslin wanted 
to head off any meetings that would 
allow Mr. Tamraz to push his proposal 
for a Caspian Sea pipeline because she 
thought the proposal did not fit with 
U.S. policy and she feared Mr. Tamraz 
was misrepresenting the degree of of- 
ficial support he had administration of- 
ficials said 

Ms. Heslin said Mr. Fowler told her 
the CIA would send her a paper showing 
how Mr. Tamraz had helped die United 
States in the past. Mr. Fowler has said he 
does not remember saying anything to 
Ms. Heslin about a CIA document. 

In December 1995, Ms. Heslin re- 
ceived a CIA report on Mr. Tamraz. 
generated by Mr. Lofgren, according to 


Budget Balancing 

994 inquiry say. tv a carrwrvmv — Pmsirto 

White House Visits 
Get New Attention 

WASHINGTON — In late June of 
1 994, James Riady saw President Bill 
Clinton and some of bis aides in five 
days of White House visits. Early the 
next week, one of the Indonesian 
businessman's Hong Kong compa- 
nies paid about $100,000 to Webster 
HubbeU, the president's friend, then 
facing a rapidly unfolding criminal 
investigation, according to people in 
the United States and abroad familiar 
with the arrangement. 

The payment, from one of a num- 
ber of Clinton friends who hired Mr. 
HubbeU when he ran into his legal 
troubles and resigned from the Justice 
Department, was made soon after he 
had began withholding impo rtan t 
personal finan cial documents from 
Whitewater investigators, people fa- 
miliar with the 1994 inquiry say. 

By then, these people say. the in- 
vestigators had largely built the crim- 
inal case against him, for defrauding 
his former law partners and clients, 
for which he served a jail sentence. 

Mr. Riady ’s White House visits 
have been known for some time, and 
it was recently disclosed *at he paid 
Mr. HubbeU about $100,000 through 
the Hong Kong company m l 994 for 
services that toe two men have de- 
clined to describe. But it has not been 
previously known bow closely mat 
foUowed Mr. Riady ’s visits. 

Current and former aides say that 
Mr. Riady’s relationship with Mr. 
Clinton became a source of quiet 
concern to presidential advisers and 
that they went to great lengths to Keep 
it out of public view. 

The tuning of toe meetings pro- 
duces a chain of events that has at- 
tracted toe attention of congressional 
investigators and the Whrt^w^te 1 

counsel, now focusinf on whether Mr. 
Clinton or other officiate played a rote 
in lining up financial aid for Mr. Hub- 
beU. {nri 1 

Republicans Adopt 
New Overtime View 

statement about its concern fo 
ing women and ite antegoni 
ward organized labor. “L JJaen- 
lican-controlled House of Represen 

tatives has voted to allow employers 
to offer workers compensatory time 
as a substitute for overtime pay. 

The bill, which Republicans said 
would aUow workers to choose time 
off instead of money . passed by 222 to 
210 on Wednesday, with 209 Repub- 
licans and 13 Democrats in favor. 
Newt Gingrich, toe House speaker, 
who rarely votes, joined toe majority. 

President Bill Clinton said he 
would veto the bill, but Democrats in 
toe Senate may prevent toe measure 
from coming to a vote. So the activity 
Wednesday was largely an exercise 
in political symbols. 

Republicans, especially women, 
contended that toe measure was 
“pro-family." But Democrats said 
that bosses would coerce workers 
into choosing time off, hurting those 
who depend on overtime. (NYT) 

WASHINGTON — President 
Clinton emerged from a meeting with 
congressional budget leaders ex- 
pressing optimism that he and Re- 
publicans would reach a balanced 
budget agreement by toe end of toe 
year, and pledged it would be Ms 
"first order of business” when he 
returned from Helsinki- 

Republican budget leaders were 
considerably less buoyant. “We 
made sure that toe president thor- 
oughly understood the big differ- 
ences that we have,' ’ said the Senate 
Budget Committee chairman, Pete 
Domenici of New Mexico. "And the 
lead one is that toe president's budget 
does not save enough in the enti- 
tlement programs.” (WP) 

Quote /Unquote 

Patrick Leahy of Vermont, toe 
Senate Judiciary Committee’s senior 
Democrat, after toe Senate broke the 
logjam on judicial nominees with 
approval of Merrick Garland, the 
Justice Department’s point man on 
ihe Oklahoma City bombing and 
Unabomber cases, to a seat on toe 
Court of Appeals for toe District of 
Columbia Circuit: "He was nom- 
inated in 1 995, got through the com- 
mittee unanimously by Republicans 
and Democrats in 1 995, and now, just 
before our second vacation of toe 
year in 1 997, I’m glad, whenever it is, 
to get him through. (AP J 

Away From 

• A German artist Jorg Peter 

Schmitz, was acquitted in Denver of 
homicide in the hit-and-run death of a 
newspaper columnist . (AP 1 

• Newborns whose mothers smoke 

during pregnancy have the same nicot- 
ine level as adult smokers and spend 
their first days of life going through 
withdrawal, said a study presented in 
Anaheim, California. {AP) 

• A group of survivors of the Ok- 

lahoma City bombing in April 1995 
and relatives of some victims plans to 
sue the federal government over 
whether authorities could have pre- 
vented toe attack. {NYT) 

• The New York City Board of Edu- 
cation has voted to expel from the 
school system any student 17 or older 
who brings a gun to school or attacks 
someone with a weapon. (NYT) 

• The Presbyterian Church has 

voted to require that all unmarried 

a in hum Unbnir/Rruirit ministers, deacons and elders be 

WAITING TO PLAY — People crowding outside a high-tech video game center recently opened in Seattle, sexually celibate. (WP) 

U.S. Upbraids 
Mexico Over 
New Incident 
In Drug War 

Senators Grouse on Greasing Politics 

By Sam Dillon and Craig Pye 

Ne* York Times Senice 

WASHINGTON — The United 
States has sharply criticized Mexico for 
failing to seize more than $160 million 
that U.S. officials say they believe was 
deposited in Mexican banks by a drug 
trafficking suspect: 

In a statement this week, the Treasury 
Department said it was registering its 
“strong protest” over Mexico’s han- 
dling of toe case. But Mexican officiate 
said Wednesday that the U.S. statement 
was based on a misunderstanding of 
how much money toe suspect had in his 

U.S. officials said James Johnson, an 
assistant Treasury secretary, telephoned 
one of his Mexican counterparts, Ismael 
Gomez Gordillo, on March U to com- 
plain vigorously about lapses in seizing 
the money. Senior Mexican officials 
denied receiving any such protest 

The incident the latest in a series of 
disputes between toe United States and 
Mexico over drug issues, illustrates the 
mounting difficulties that the govern- 
ments face in conducting joint law en- 
forcement operations. 

U.S. officiate say they provided toe 
Mexicans with the initial information 
about the suspect’s holdings in banks in 
toe Mexican state of Sonora, which bor- 
ders Arizona. The officiate say their 
Mexican counterparts later told them 
that nearly $184 million had been con- 

But on Wednesday in Mexico City, 
officiate had a different version of 
events. They said that $184 million was 
the amount of money that moved through 
the accounts during three years, and that 
there was only $16 minion left when they 
moved to seize the money in Januaiy. 

Relations between the United States 
and Mexico have been in turmoil since 
February, when toe Mexican authorities 
announced toe arrest of the general who 
headed toe country’s anti-diug program. 
Soon afterward. President Bill Clinton 
certified that Mexico was "fully co- 
operating” in the war against drugs. 

The incident seems certain to stir new 
questions about toe candor with wMch 
toe United States is discuss ingthe course 
of the drug war in Mexico. Clinton ad- 
ministration officiate made no imme- 
diate statement about what they now say 
was the bungled attempt to seize $184 
milli on and did not publicly discuss the 
' issue until the middle of this month. 

■ U.S. Senate Seeking a Review 

The U.S. Senate on Thursday blocked 
efforts to decertify Mexico as an ally in 
U.S. anti-drug efforts; taking up instead 
a watered-down resolution that calls for 
a five-month review of toe counuy’s 
progress in combating drug trafficking, 
The Associated Press reported. The de- 
cision precluded any move to overturn 
Mr. Clinton’s action certifying Mexico 
before a March 30 deadline. 

By Francis X. Clines 

.Vw York Times Senice 

38 years in the Senate, Robert 
Byrd tried to make toe polit- 
ical handwriting on toe wall 
irreducible, suddenly bellow- 
ing out toe word "Money!” 
in toe near empty debating 

“It is money!" shouted 
Mr. Byrd, Democrat of West 
Virginia, making Ms contri- 
bution to a surging invest- 
ment of oratory by U.S. law- 
makers in toe issue of 
scandalous campaign financ- 
ing. “Money! Money! Not 
ideas, not principles, but 
money that reigns supreme in 
American politics!” 

Whether that issue has be- 
come volatile enough to catch 
the voters' interest is a ques- 
tion members of Congress 
will pursue firsthand next 
week when the Senate and 
House begin a two-week re- 
cess. They will take stock in a 
legislative year notable thus 
far for toe acrimonious al- 
legations of big-money cam- 
paign corruption around Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton and other 
winners in the electoral pro- 

In a week of oratory, a 
theme that stood out among 
some of the professionals was 
their own loathing of toe daily 
burden of fund-raising. In 
various debating moments, 
legislators complained of 
slinking off and “dialing for 

dollars" in their separate, an- 
tiseptic fund-raising cells. 

"Let me tell you about toe 
California race,” said Sen- 
ator Barbara Boxer, a Demo- 
crat who described the need 
to raise $10,000 a day. 365 
days a year, every year, in 
order to be financed for re- 

“I resent it," she said 
wearily, as colleagues rose to 
decry their own “megadollar 
derbies” and toe treadmill 
aerobics of staying in polit- 
ical trim — the endless need 
to “get on TV to raise money 
to get on TV to raise money to 
get on TV.” 

Mr. Byrd described toe ig- 
nominy of “running around 
the country with a tin cup in 
one’s hand raising money for 
a little, measly $134,000-a- 
year job.” 

He captured toe sort of vis- 
ceral emotion associated with 
self-survival that was in the 
air as toe issue began taking 
bold with toe politicians, if 
not yet the constituents. 

The Senate Democratic 
leader, Tom Daschle of South 
Dakota, approached Swiftian 
parody when be responded to 
opponents’ observations that 
an untroubled nation spends 
far more, $2.7 billion annu- 
ally, on dog and cat food than 
it does on political cam- 

A second theme amid the 
oratory was a fear that the 
public will come to gener- 
alize cynically about all 

politicians on toe basis of the 
headlined tales of Mr. Clinton 
and a few Congressional 
politicians the Democrats are 

“We do not all do it,” said 
Trent Lott, toe Senate Repub- 
lican majority leader, as he 
argued for a nonbinding res- 
olution for an independent 
counsel to look solely into the 
Clinton re-election cam- 
paign’s manifold fund-rais- 
ing innovations. 

In their complaints that this 
was a partisan resolution 
sparing the Republican Con- 
gress from inquiry. Demo- 
crats said that the "mean- 
ness” in toe Capitol air had 
reached toe point where even 
surface bipartisanship had 
been shredded. 

Once, there was a two- 
party tradition to “never at- 
tack toe president of the 
United States as he goes off to 
negotiate at a summit,” Sen- 
ator Patrick Leahy, Democrat 
of Vermont, said as Mr. Clin- 
ton prepared to meet Presi- 
dent Boris Yeltsin of Russia. 

But tradition was no match 
for the growing beat of the 
fund-raising issue. Senator 
Daniel Coats of Indiana 
spoke for a number of fellow 
Republicans in arguing that 
the campaign overhaul issue 
was secondary to continued 
disclosures of “an adminis- 
tration obsessed with re-elec- 
tion, indifferent to ethical 
rules and organized to skirt 
toe law.” 



Breathing New Life 
Into Funeral Industry 

Funeral homes long had a near-mono- 
poly on coffin sales in America; their 
prices tend to be high, and toe atmosphere, 
well, rather funereal. But retail sales of 
caskets, from brightly lit new showrooms, 
are exuding signs of life. Casket Royale, a 
coffin maker in Hampton Falls, New 
Hampshire, last year operated retail out- 
lets in eight states and had $2.1 million in 
sales; it projects $10 million in sales this 

New showrooms, like one on Main 
Street in Framingham. Massachusetts, are 
opening all toe time. In Framingham, Joe 
Walker, 71, the thin, bearded sales di- 
rector, promises customers no-pressure 
shopping and savings of as much as 50 
percent on most models. 

Coffins are sold for as little as $520, a 
bargain considering that toe average paid 
by Americans last year, most often to 
funeral homes, was about four times that. 

Short Takes 

Two Philadelphia architects have 

won a competition to design an Indian 
memorial at the Little Bighorn battlefield 
in Montana, where 100 Indians and Gen- 
eral George Custer’s entire 7th Cavalry 
died in 1876. The memorial designed by 
John Collins and his wife. Alison Towers, 
is an open, round stone-and-earth mound 
with a ceremonial space in toe center. The 
Denver Post reports. It is cut in four places 
for entry, to allow visitors to view three 
Indians galloping on horseback across the 
plains and to catch a glimpse, through a 
small weeping wound, of the existing 
monument to Custer and Ms famous Last 
Stand. The narrow window is designed to 
allow the spirits of toe dead, Indian and 
cavalry, to meet 

Forget “Animal House” — welcome 
to the new, dry fraternity. College fra- 
ternities have long had a reputation for 
being scenes of heavy partying; but a new 
awareness of. the dangers of drink has 
prompted two national fraternities to ban 
alcohol, despite the complaints of some 
members that they are becoming victims 
of political correctness. PM Delta Theta, 
with 180 chapters nationwide, and Sigma 
Nu, with 210 chapters, plan to ban booze 
try 2000. “Many of the poor decisions 
students make on campuses today are toe 
result of using alcohol," said Jonathan 
Brant, executive vice president of toe Na- 
tional Interfratemfty Conference. He ex- 
pects otoer fraternities to join toe ban. 

International Herald Tribune 

As the oratory mounted 
and the lawmakers prepared 
to search out its effects back 
home, Mr. Byrd offered what 
seemed impossibly saintly 
advice to Ms peers, "Avoid 
the allure of piling on for 
political advantage.” 

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A New, Angry Generation of Maori Agitates for Justice in 

By Clyde H. Farnsworth 

New York Times Service 

AUCKLAND, New Zealand — Solid 
as an anvil in a well- worn buff jacket, 
granite-eyed behind bristles of beani, 
Mike Smith is one of the urban Maori 
called nga tamatoa , or "'young warri- 

Although the government is now try- 
ing to address claims by the Maori, who 
were cast into second-class status after 
their lands were confiscated in the last 
century, be warns that too little is com- 
ing too late. 

Asserting that “younger people 
really feel betrayed,’* he said: “The 
mood is no longer to tug at (he forelock 

A high-school dropout, be is at home and say, ‘I’ll be a good nigger, master, ’ 

Zwm Nwffl tfAnl tllA flttihlHA ftltf 

in the city’s jails, quotes Noam Chom- 
sky and the American Indian advocate 
Russell Means. He rails against pri- 
vatization and economic cutbacks, and 
for 16 years has been at the sharp edge of 
the movement to redress the wrongs of 
the British colonizers of New Zealand. 

which was veiy much the altitude of our 
parents and grandparents. They had the 
boot physically on their necks. It’s now 
ratcheting up. Expea more and more 
acts of destruction.'’ 

Not all Maori share the radicalism of 
Mr. Smith, who last tangled with the 

authorities 17 months ago when he 
hacked ar a symbolic ponderosa pine 
planted by white colonizers in a place 
known as One Tree Hill and was jailed 

The sledgehammer attack that badly 
damaged the America’s Cup last week, 
earned out by a Maori protester whose 
name has not been disclosed, bonified 
not only the yachting world but also 
many other Maori, some of whom apo- 
logized to an American visitor. 

“Smashing things is not the an- 
swer,’* said Keri NeiJson. a teacher and 
member of the Nga Puhi tribe north of 
here. “We need more educated Maori 
people and a wide range of jobs.” 

“I don’t know whether we’re ever 
going to find an equitable balance with 
the Fakeha,” she said, using the native 
term for whites. 1 

Tuariki John Ddamere, one of 15 
Maori in die' 120-seat Parliament in 
Wellington and one of three Maori min- 
isters in die government, said: “All the 
educational attainment in the world win 
not change the feet feat when a Maori 
attends a job interview, as things now 
stand, he she win most likely be 
judged by a person from the majority 
culture who will see them first as a 
Maori — with all die negative con- 
notations that may include. ' ' 

Archeological remains suggest that 

here by ca- 

Maori ancestors emigrated here by ca- But with so much inte^imge be- 
noe from Eastern Polynesia more than tween the Maon and (t 'J / ™ les ’ ^ tore 
1,000 years' wo. Today the Maori rep- fear racial clashes. I don t mow a 

wont 1 5 namant nfffu 1 miTlinn VffT citlolA Wtlfl UOSSIl t tlS i/@ (oKCuS 

resent 15 percent of the 35 million New 

Until the first quarter of this century 
they lived almost exclusively in rural 
areas. Four out of five Maori today are 
in the bigger cities and towns. 

Poverty, worsened by severe cut- 
backs in government services after 
years of fiscal retrcncbment, bas gen- 
erated what scholars here call a rootless 
and alienated Maori underclass subject 
to unemployment at rates above 50 per- . 
cent in some urban pockets and high 
consumption of alcohol and drugs. 

Looters Join Papua New Guinea Unrest 



Guinea — This South Pacific nation 
was thrown into turmoil Thursday as 
protesters and soldiers demanded the 
reinstatement of an army commander 
and criminal gangs took advantage of a 
social, political and military crisis. 

The police fired tear gas at looters 
around the city, and shots were heard 
throughout the day near an army bar- 
racks where thousands of people 
gathered to protest against Prune Min- 
ister Julius Chan. 

The unrest initially appeared to be 
more criminal than political, as looters 
roamed the run-down city of about 
150,000 people. Schools, banks and 
many businesses were closed, and the 
police blocked off major roads. 

While the police struggled to control 
rioters, the army remained inside its 
barracks, awaiting fee government’s re- 
sponse to its demand fear its commander 
be reinstated. 

A confrontation between policemen 
and troops was narrowly avoided after 
running battles between police and pro- 
testers spilled into fee sprawling Murray 

The crisis began Monday, when Bri- 
gadier General Jerry Singirok deman- 
ded that Mr. Chan resign and that an 
inquiry be held into fee hiring of foreign 
mercenaries to end the Bougainville is- 
land conflict, where rebels have battled 
the government since 1983. Mr. Chan 
promptly dismissed his army com- 

In an attempt to ease fee civil unrest. 

Mr. Qian said Thursday , an inquiry will 
be held into the mercenary contract wife 
the British-based military consultants 
Sanrilmw International. He said fee $28 
million contract had been suspended 
pending fee outcome of fee inquiry. 

While fee army has been the focus for 
protests against Mr. Chan, the police 
force is believed to be backing the gov- 
ernment Any confrontation between 
fee forces, traditional rivals, could have 
unpredictable consequences for demo- 
cracy in Papua New Guinea. 

Army officers gave a Defense Min- 
istry official a petition demanding Gen- 
eral Singirok be reinstated. But as a dead- 
line set by the petition passed. General 
Singirok called for a political solution, 
saying he would accept his dismissal as 
long as it was legal and constitutional. 




on Page 22 


to adored, loved. Messed and preserved 
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China to Repatriate 
Taiwan Hijacker 

BEIJING — la a significant con- 
cession, China gave in Thursday to 
Taiwan’s demands to repatriate a man 
suspected of having forced a 
Taiwanese airliner to fee mainland 
this month bm called on Taiwan to 
send back 16 Chinese hijackers in 

_ “Liu Shan-chung will be repat- 
riated to Taiwan after necessary in- 
vestigations are made,” fee Xinhua 
press agency said, quoting the se- 
miofficial Association for Relations 
Across the Taiwan Straits. 

It did not give a date for the re- 
patriation of Mr. Liu. who is sus- 
pected of having hijacked a domestic 
Taiwanese airliner on March 10 and 
forcing it to China’s southeastern city 
of Xiamen. 

Beijing previously had balked at 
sending Mr. Liu back, saying that 
Taiwan has not rammed several Chinese 
involved in hijackings to Taiwan in the 
eady 1990s. (Reuters, API 

Afghan Blast Kilis 30 

JALALABAD, Afghanistan — 
About 200 metric tons of explosives 
may have been detonated in the ac- 
cidental blast at an ammunition dump 
in the eastern city of Jalalabad, in 
which at least 30 people died. UN 
sources said Thursday. 

The explosion flattened the Islami c 
Taleban militia’s security department 
headquarters. Residents said the toll 
could be more than 100, including the 
police chief. Mullah Abdul Ahad. 

The UN Office for fee Coordin- 
ation of Humanitarian Assistance to 
Afghanistan quoted an assessment 
team report as putting fee casualties at 
30 dead and 191 injured, SO of them 
seriously. { Reuters > 

India Relaxes Curbs 

NEW DELHI — India announced 
an easing of restrictions Thursday on 
travel by Pakistanis in what Foreign 

Kmal k^Apsitxi^SEe'l^csit 

TIMOR ENVOY — Jamsheed 
Marker, the UN envoy for In- 
donesian-annexed East Timor, 
arriving Thursday in Jakarta. 

Minister Inder Kumar Gnjral called a 
* ‘major new unilatera l step’ * ahead of 
talks next week between the neigh- 

“The measures feat I announce 
today are designed to add to fee good- 
will between the peoples of fee two 
countries,” Mr. Gujral said in Par- 

“They are an emblem of our earn- 
est desire to establish and mahuratn 
relations of friendship and cooper- 
ation with our neighbor Pakistan,’' be 
said. (Reuters) 

VOICES From Asia 

Lee Teng-hui, prerident of Taiwan, 
on a coining visit to his country by fee 
Dalai Lama: “The Chinese Commu- 
nists have repeatedly used the Dalai 
Lama’s visit to attack us. We should , 
not be afraid of the Chinese Can- 1 
munists' intimidation.” (Reuters) 

' single Maori who doesn’t have Pakeha 
• cousins,” Mr. Delamere-said. ^ - 

While denouncing acts of violence, 

| even fee more ctHiseavaliveandbeaCTToff 

Maori share with the radicals a deotseose 
of grievance over whai fee Jfew&almd 
government has finally recognized are a 
scries of broken promises by whites. 

gangim ii Walker is the head of the • 
Maori Studies Department at Auckland 
University and the author of books in- - 
eluding “Years of Anger-' and « 
“Struggle Without End.” A member of 
the whaimtohea tribe, he sees the his- 
tory of the last 150 years “in an ex- 
tremely personal way. ’ ’ 

41 ‘Our tribe had all its land confiscated 
in 1864-65, 35,000 acres of prime form- 
ing land, and our people were pushed up 
into, a ^reservatiofL, up against fee MUs. 

: - *‘Sd thafs got to be a pretty definitive * 
experience when you’re living in 
poverty, ho employment, and when you 
go into town you see white people, 
descendants of military settlers, control 
all the businesses and you see a beau- 
tiful golf course and you know that is 
confiscated land, and so the insult is 
there for your whole lifetime. ’ ’ 

Mr. Walker' succeeded academically, 
became upwardly mobile, then jumped 
into the cauldron of cultural politics and 
was considered extremist back in fee *1 
1970s as he railed- “openly and vebe- ' 
merely.” as he put it, “against mono- 
cultural Pakeha dominance and Maori 
- subjection.” 

- He calls the chopping down of trees, 
earlier defacement of British statues and 
now the battering of fee America's Cup 
“quixotic acts’ * of a new generation of 
radicals, expressing “anger and fins- i 
(ration that has to Ire taken into account j 

— rather than eliciting a knee-jerk re- ' 

action to them/’ 

While fee Maori always insisted that 
the government bad in effect stolen their 
land, the government’s acknowledg- 
ment of responsibility has come about m 
recent years after a series of protests and 
court rulings. Negotiations have been 
under way sifree 1991 ova- specific 

The story of Maori disaffection goes 
back to a chaffer signed in 1840 by , 
representatives of the British Crown and £ 
500 Maori chiefs, fee so-called Treaty 
of Waiiangi. It guaranteed that the 
Maori would retain their lands and other 
material and cultural treasures and en- 
joy equal rights of citraenship. 

“A big rip-off occurred,” Justice 
Minister Douglas Graham conceded in 
an interview. Mr. Graham, who is also 
minister for Treaty of Waitangi nego- 
tiations, forecast that at least the major 
Maori claims would be settled by 2000. 
More than 400 claims have come from 
37 tribes and hundreds of subtribes and 
even individual families. Not everyone . 
wants money. Some families simply 
want burial grounds protected. 

Mr. Graham said, “We are commit- 
ted to working with the Maori to achieve 
their full and active participation in New 
Zealand society.” 

Cyanide Spill in China Puts Macau on Alert 


HONG KONG — Macau banned 
people from bringing food in from China 
on Thursday, and Hong Kong undertook 
checks after a cyanide spillage in a river 
in southern China caused alarm around 
the Pearl River delta. 

But Macau’s neighboring Chinese 
city, Zhuhai, where a truck carrying 200 
drums of cyanide plunged into a trib- 
utary of the Pearl River on Tuesday 
night, resumed drawing water from fee 
river, Hong Kong government radio 
said. All but one of fee drums was 

Macau customs authorities said res- 
idents of fee Portugese-adniiiustered 
territory would not be allowed to bring 
in vegetables from China for private 
consumption. Previously, Macau res- 
idents had been allowed to bring in 

small amounts of undeclared vegetables 
from Zhuhai. where food is much 
cheaper. Many Macau residents go 
there almost daily to buy provisions. 

Authorities in Macau also destroyed 
large quantities of vegetables from 

A Macau customs spokesman said 
commercial imports would not be af- 
fected but would be inspected. 

In Hong Kong, a Health Department 
spokeswoman said that as a precaution, 
samples of produce from fee mainland, 
especially vegetables and seafood, 
would be checked. She said the risk was 
slight, as most of the produce coming 
from China was from the other side of 
fee delta. Both Hong Kong and Macau, 
wife their small Land areas relative to 
their populations, rely on imported 
food, mostly from China. 

A spokesman for Water Supply Co. in Jk 
Macau said technicians so far had found * 
no changes in the condition of fee Guiji- 
ang River, which drains into fee Pearl 
River delta and the South China Sea 
between Macau and Hong Kong. The 
river supplies drinking water for Zhuhai 
and Macau. Macau's water supply is 
sufficient for about a month ana a half, 
the semiofficial Hong Kong China 
News Agency said. 

Authorities in southern China issued 
warnings Wednesday of cyanide poi- 
soning in waters there but said Thursday 
they had resumed drawing water from 
fee river. A Chinese official said the 
river water was found to contain only a 
small amount of fee poison, well within 
established safety limits. 

The chemical was intended for use in 
electroplating. (Reuters, API 



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Parliamentary Inquiry 
On Wrongdoing Put Off, 
Causing Furor in U.K. 


LONDON — A report by a British 
parliamentary oversight committee is- 
sued Thursday cleared 13 members of 
Parliament of wrongdoing but left se- 
rious questions about 10 Conservative 

The decision to defer a verdict on 
allegations of “sleaze" against the 10 
governing party members provoked a 
furious dispute between the government 
and the opposition Labour Party. 

Parliament's commissioner for stan- 
dards, Sir Gordon Downey, conducted 
the inquiry into allegations that some of 
the lawmakers had taken payments in 
return for raising issues in Parliament 
and that others had failed to declare 
links with lobbyists or businesses. 

The Labour leader, Tony Blair, said 
there was no reason why the House of 
Commons Standards and Privileges 
Committee could not issue the rest of its 
findings before general elections on May 
1. Labour is heavily favored to win the 
elections. Paddy Ashdown, the leader of 
Liberal Democratic Party, also accused 
the government of a cover-up. 

4 ‘The Conservatives have ended Par- 
liament as they started if — breaking 
their promises, trying to con people ana 
mired in sleaze." he asserted. 

But senior Conservatives charged 
that Labour, which is 25 points ahead in 
the polls, was resorting to smear tactics 
to distract attention from statistics show- 
ing the British economy was booming. 

Deputy Prime Minister Michael 
Heseltine that a "scare" over the report 
had been created by Labour "when they 
suddenly saw the best economic news, in 
terms of the dramatic fall in unemploy- 
ment, and they derided they had to have 
some story to take it off the headlines.' ' 

The 15 lawmakers who were cleared 
included the Liberal Democrat deputy 
leader, Alan Beitiu the parliamentary 
chairman of the Labour Party. Doug 
Hoyle: Defease Secretary Michael Por- 
tillo; a former secretary of state for 
national heritage. David Mellor, and La- 
bour's health spokesman, Chris Smith. 

Sir Gordon said that the case of those 
15 was straightforward: They had not 
broken any of the rules on declaring 
their income from outside ParliamenL 

But the report said the investigation 
into allegations that lawmakers had 
been paid by Mohamed al Fayed, the 
owner of the Harrods department store, 
to ask questions in Parliament on his 
behalf would not be finished until next 

Prime Minister John Major an- 

nounced this week that Parliament 
would stop sitting on Friday, which 
would make the election campaign the 
longest in 80 years. 

The closure of Parliament will leave 
the findings on the allegations against 
the 10 members of Parliament to be 
reported after the elections. 

The most prominent among the 10 
members are Former Corporate Affairs 
Minister Neil Hamilton and Tim Smith, 
a former junior minister for Northern 

Mr. Smith resigned in October 1994 
after acknowledging that he had failed 
to declare cash payments from Mr. 

Mr. Hamilton, who will run for re- 
election on May 1 , has consistently pro- 
claimed his innocence. On Thursday, be 
repeated a call for Mr. Downey’s report 
to be published before the elections. 

"I want to dispel this black cloud 
hanging over me," he told BBC radio. 

But the final report can only be issued 
now if Mr. Major has a change of heart 
about the closure of Parliament. 

Mr. Heseltine said Thursday that the 
prime minister had not realized his de- 
cision to close Parliament would affect 
the timing of the report. 

Italy Won’t Intervene 
With Troops in Albania 

C.maMhtflur SuffFn»Da!W*rx 

by special forces; that all key staff were m 

ROME — Italy has no plans to in-_ .place and dial it 
tervene militarily in Albania, but it will ' . A manager of ^e jurlme swd it 
patrol coastal water? to try to stem the planned to 
SodiBof refugee towanntalian shores, 

camera have -said they wiU nor start 

A rebel gunman telling reporters to stay away from a meeting of his 
leaders in the town of Gjirokaster in southern Albania on Thursday. 


the defense minister said Thursday. 

‘‘Nothing’s on the horizon ■ today, 
now, for an Italian intervention, let 
alone a unilateral Italian one,*' the min- 
ister, Beniamino Andreatta, said after 
meeting here with the Albanian foreign 
minister, Arian Starova. 

The Italian press has been awash with 
reports that Italy was about to undertake 
a military operation to secure landing 
sires for emergency deliveries of food 
and medicine for Albanians hurt by the 
anarchy in their homeland. 

Mr. Andreatza said an accord had 
been worked out with the government in 
Tirana, the capital of Albania, to let the 
Italian Navy patrol Albanian territorial 
waters to monitor the coasts. 

About 11,000 Albanians have 
already crossed the Adriatic Sea in 
crowded boats. 

In Tirana, the first plane to leave the 
capital's airport since it was dosed by 
the unrest a week ago took off for Sofia 
on Thursday. 

An Albanian Airlines plane carrying 
30 passengers of various nationalities 
took off only hours after the authorities 
declared that the airport had been secured 

Polish Leader Assails Union 

WARSAW — Poland’s prime minister, Wlodz- 
imierz Cimoszewicz. accused the Solidarity trade 
union of trying to lead the country into anarchy 
Thursday as about 1,000 demonstrators threw fire- 
bombs. paint and rocks at the headquarters of the 
main party in his leftist coalition. 

Several windows were shattered as riot police 
blocked entry to the budding and used a bullhorn to 
plead for calm. 

It was the eighth day of increasingly violent 
protests organized by Solidarity against the closure 
of the Gdansk shipyard where the union and political 
movement was bom. 

Mr. Cimoszewicz told Parliament on Thursday 
that he had a plan to save 2,000 of the 3,600 re- 
maining jobs at the bankrupt shipyard by passing on 
work from another shipyard, at Szczecin. But he said 
the work would not start until next year. (AP) 

2 Years Sought for Neo-Nazis 

MARSEILLE — A French prosecutor in the trial 
of four neo-Nazis accused of desecrating a Jewish 
cemetery in southern France urged a court Thursday 

ro pass the maximum sentence on the two alleged 

The prosecutor, Fabienne Roze, urged the court to 
sentence Olivier Fimbry. 31. a noncommissioned 
army officer, and Patrick Laonegro. 28. described as 
the ideologist of the group, to two years in jail for 
instigating the May 1990 attack on the centuries-old 
oeraetery in the town of Carpentras. 

The desecration, in which the recently buried body 
of Felix Germ on was dug up and 34 graves were 
wrecked, caused revulsion throughout France and 
the world. 

It prompted hundreds of thousands of people to 
march in a protest led by the nation's president, the 
late Francois Mitterrand. 

The prosecution sought an 18-month jail term for 
Yannick Gamier. 27. whose confession last July led 
to the arrests of his suspected accomplices, and for 
Bertrand Nouveau. 28. (Reuters) 

Bavarians Protest Slaughter 

MUNICH — Bavaria has begun slaughtering im- 
ported cows to prevent an outbreak of “mad cow" 
disease, while cattle-breeding associations opposed 
to the mass killing promised Thursday to try to stop it 
in court. 

axmary. Germany’s Agriculture Ministry 
the slaughter of 5,200 cattle that had been 

In Jane 

imported from Britain, Ireland and Switzerland. The 
action was explained as a precaution against bovine 
spongiform encephalopathy, also known as mad cow 

Cattle-breeding associations in Bavaria said they 
would take their case to the European Court of 
Justice if necessary. 

The slaughter began Wednesday, however, on a 
voluntary basis. Two hundred cows were killed and 
were to be cremated Thursday, a Health Ministry 
spokesman said. (AP) 

Armenia Gets Prime Minister 

YEREVAN. Armenia — President Levon Ter- 
Petrosyan of Armenia appointed the leader of the 
self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh republic, Robert 
Kocharyan, to the post of prime minister of Armenia 
on Thursday. 

Karabakh. populated mostly by Armenians but 
part of neighboring Azerbaijan, fought a bitteT war 
for independence from Baku in 1 988 ro 1994, seizing 
large pans of Azerbaijan proper. 

The fighting has stopped, but there has been no 
political solution. (Reuters) 

Just to get 

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" "’s most 

Plot to Kill Palme and King 
Recounted by Swedish Lawyer 


STOCKHOLM — The unsolved 
1986 murder of Prime Minister Olof 
Palme returned to the spotlight 
Thursday after a lawyer disclosed that a 
former client had told him about a con- 
spiracy to kill Mr. Palme and Sweden’s 
king. • 

The lawyer. Pelle Svensson. said his 
client. Lars Tingstrom. known as the 
Bomb Man after being convicted twice 
on explosives charges, disclosed on bis 
deathbed in 1993 that he was pan of a 
gang of four people involved in the 

The lawyer said Mr. Tingstrom had 
told him in a confession, part of it writ- 
ten and part of it oral, that he had 
planned the murder from his prison cell 
to take revenge on a society he hated. 

“It was Lais Tingstrom who ordered 
the murder," Mr. Svensson told the 
daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter. “In 
total, there were four people, of whom 
rwo still are alive." 

Mr. Svensson told Swedish media the 
gang consisted of Mr. Tingstrom, Chris- 
ter Petiersson — who was convicted of 
Mr. Palme's murder in 1988 but later 
acquitted — a former bank robber and 
an explosives expert, now dead. 

But Mr. Svensson said the primary 
target for the group was Sweden’s king. 
Carl XVI Gustaf. not Mr. Palme. 

He said it was only by chance that Mr. 
Palme was killed first, shot in a Stock- 
holm streetin February 1986 after leav- 
ing a movie theater with his wife. 

Mr. Svensson said Mr. Tingstrom 's 
hatred of society was the motive for the 
murder. Mr. Tingstrom, he said, 
claimed he had been wrongly convicted 
when he was sent to prison for five years 
in 1979 for sending a letter bomb to a 
former business partner. 

While the court was dealing with rhe 
case. Mr. Tingstrom reportedly said, the 
prosecutor started a relationship with 
Mr. Tingstrom 's fiancee and persuaded 
her to be a witness against him. 

In 1982, the prosecutor's house was 
blown up by a bomb, killing one person, 
and Mr. Tingstrom was imprisoned for 

Christer Pettensson, who was freed. 

life. Mr. Svensson said Mr. Tingstrom 
knew his three alleged accomplices 
through the jail system. 

The police have said new evidence 
would be needed, such as the murder 
weapon itself, if new charges were to be 
brought against Mr. Pettersson. 

Mr. Svensson has said he knows 
where to find the gun. 

flying until Sunday at least 
The airport is Albania's main gate: 
way to the outside world, and the staging 
point for any flow of the humanitarian j 
aid that its government and European * 
observers say it will require soon tbeppe 
with food and other shortages. ■ : _ 

The reopening of the airport was a 
further indication that the capital was 
returning to normal after days of near- 
anarchy last week, seroff by the looting 
of weapons from army depots. 

But unrest was reported in other parts 
of the country, mainly in the sooth, 
which is mostly under the control of 
rebels demanding the resignation, df 
President Sal i Berisha. - L;— , 

In the town of Korce, 1 80 kilometers 
(110 miles) southeast of Tirana, res- 
idents reached by telephone said that 
gunmen had looted all the town’s shops 
and that shooting was continuing. 

Rebel leaders in the south were still 
- awaiting a visit by Prime Minister 
Bashkim Fmo, head of an all-party gov- v 
eminent called to restore order and or- * 
ganize elections by June.fAP, Reuters,) 


Fears in Macedonia ;jj 

Continued from Page 1 

culture and the ways of most of the other 
people of the region that lead somlj 
people here to predict violence. 

Albanians, whose ancestors were 
among the first inhabitants of die Bat 
kans. live , in la society with its. owii 
language and history. Albanian leaden ' 
describe the country's Albanian pop^ 
ulation as mostly Muslim and say tM 
close ties within extended families anil 
the rules of a very conservative tradition 
are essential characteristics of their cul- 
ture. “a 

In the rest of what was one* “ 
Yugoslavia, millions of Croats?. 
Muslims and Serbs easily intermarried* 
while Albanians, for the most part. hav£ 
lived in what one foreign diplomat 
called a parallel world. 

"They were in the same country, bi^ 
whether they were peasants or well-off 
urban merchants, they always felt 
apart," the diplomat said. ^ 

In Macedonia there is almost no in- 
termarriage between ethnic Albanian! 
and ethnic Macedonians. I 

Sounding as dogmatic as the most 
separatist politician in Bosnia, ME 
Xhaferi said, * * We can live side by side, 
but we can never mix with the Mac^ 

Mr. Xhaferi, in a rum pled blazer, with 
a graying beard, gives the impression of 
a philosophy professor. But Macedor 
nian politicians say his call for greateT 
rights for Albanians is a barely masked 
first step toward setting up a send: 
autonomous region in Macedonia. \ ' 

For his pan, he says the only way flj 
protect Albanians is to essentially re- 
write the constitution to guarantee that jfe 
any government action affecting Al- 
banians be approved by Albanian o£ 
ficials in Macedonia. ‘J 

“This is a historical struggle," he 
said. ‘ ‘The Byzantines wanted to absori) 
us, and the Romans and the Turks. They 
could not, and we will not be absorbed 

What makes the call for greater prc£ 
tec tion for Albanians draw support from 
even the most moderate among them is 
the feeling that they are an abused minor- 
ity. Officially they have all the rights of 
any citizen, and on Tuesday night tlfe 
Parliament passed a resolution calljn| 
for tolerance and cooperation betwee# 
ethnic groups, but in daily life they fed 
they are treated as second doss. “ 
“The problem is. there is consid- 
erable discrimination against Albanian^ ^ 
because people don’t like them,” saidi * i 
Western diplomat. “Now it's getting 
worse because Macedonians are afraid 
of them wanting to secede." 

ULSTER: A High-Profile Bid for Bail 

For investment 



every Saturday 

in the JHT. 


Tin Kmiir. ninim 

Continued from Page 1 

formerly Bernadette Devlin, gained in- 
ternational celebrity. It was in 1969, at 
the age of 22, that she became the 
youngest woman ever elected to the 
British Parliament. 

In spite of mounting pressure from 
around the world to relent on human- 
itarian grounds, the British government 
has held firm against granting Ms. Mc- 
Aliskey bail. 

In an interview with The Irish News, 
published on Thursday. Bernadette Mc- 
Aii.skey lambasted the British govern- 
ment for denying her daughter’s request 
for bail, accusing it of “racist belli- 
gerence. insult and inhumanity." 

On the defensive in a battle that pits 
the state against a frail, young and preg- 
nant woman, the government has been 
forced into a series of embarrassing 
denials in recent weeks. No. said Prison 
Service officials last week in response 
to articles in the British tabloids. Ms. 
McAliskey will not be handcuffed to her 
bed during childbirth, and no. she will 
not have her baby taken from her side 
immediately after birth. 

The government contends that grant- 
ing Ms. McAliskey bail and allowing 
her to go to Ireland to have her baby 
would be tantamount io frvein* her. 

Ireland, the government notes, has 
refused to extradite prisoners to Ger- 
many, where Ms. McAliskey faces ques- 
tions about her alleged involvement in 
an Irish Republican Army mortar attack 
in June on a British army barracks. No 

one was injured in the attack. By threat- 
ening to run forelection to the same raid? 
Ulster parliamentary seat held until 1974 
by her mother, Ms. McAliskey hopes to 
increase pressure on the government to 
allow her to have her baby outside the 
prison walls. In case the authorities balic 
Ms. McAliskey has asked the other two 
Catholic candidates running for the seSt 
to stand aside. : 7 

Her hope is that if she were elected to 
Parti ament, the government would have 
no choice but to free her from her cell 
after the May 1 election, just days befo# Jt 
her baby is due to be born. ? 

B ut Ms. McAliskey suffered a setback 
Thursday when the moderate Social 
Democratic and Labour Party rejected! 
her appeal for its candidate, Dennis 
Haughey, to stand down, Reuters re- 
ported. And a spokesman for the Home 
Office said there was no legal reasoe 
why Ms. McAliskey should be freed if 
elected. A Home Office minister, said 
last week that proceedings over her exj- 
iraaiuon could continue into next year. 

M.v McAliskey \s request for a united 
pitiiolic from puts Sinn Fein, the poli£ 

■cal wing of the IRA, in a bind Its 

candidate is Martin McGumnness, one 
■'t the party’s most powerful figures and 
heavy favorite to unseat the innim 1 - 

of Che ; 

a heavy lavonte to unseat the incurar 
bent. Wilijam McCrea. a Protestant 
hard-liner. On the other hand, Sinn Fein 
i, n< ? wa ™ to «« as blocking 
h SI ^ or Ms. McAliskey, who 
P°P U 1»' figure in her own 
wlw is ,n because of her 
alleged involvement with the IRA. j 




■ V , 

^RNATIONAL herald tribune 

FRIDAY, MARCH 21, 1997 

l V 


mcuIm Am/nfr 

So Many Music Festivals 
And So Little Time 

3 By Paul Griffiths “ 

1 Nch- Y ork Taws Sentce Davis 

— Lott, T 

EW YORK — This is going to be a David 
long and circuitous journey, but the Poppe; 
ideal summer tour of European music Antoni 
festivals starts out in Norway, toward Richar 
the end of May, for a few days in Bergen. One of Parnell 
the joys here is the mix of local talent (including Christc 
the pianist Leif Ove Andsnes in several concerts) Handel 
with international visitors, among them the Ko- Robsoi 
mische Oper of Berlin and the Cloud Gate Dance there is 
Theater of Taiwan. The program goes all the way parts o 
from medieval Italian songs to a new Norwegian ducting 
opera, from Asian dance (Indian as well as led by 
Taiwanese) to European string quartets, from Schnau 
Pierre Boulez to Scandinavian folk music. It mi 

Glyn de bourne opens before Bergen, but the commi 
early days of its season should be avoided on in the v 
account of uncertain weather and a schedule only in Stoc 
just beginning to gear up. Arriye in early June for theater 
the new production of Puccini's “Manon Les- July th< 
caut,” conducted by John Eliot Gardiner and “Eurid 
•• directed by Graham Vick. A second night among could b 
4 ) the sheep-scattered slopes of south- 

em England will allow us to attend A _ „ 

the first “Filin'" r»f tfn» cpacnn -/j. VOTQfCt’OUS 

tne first bigaro of the season, ^ x w 
with Charles Mackerras conducting L’c 

a mostly British cast A third would "Mips rllS 

make possible an encounter with cnmmov 
‘.‘Owen Wingrave,” Benjamin SlLTTltTMdr 

Britten’s pacifist ghost story. rm/rco 
A short journey through or w SG. 

around London takes us to Aide- 

burgh, Britten's adopted home town on the te n ham C 
blustery east coast, where the festival he in- the migh 
augurated will be happening this year for the new Ale 
50th time. There is a new double bill of small- (“Five 0 
scale operas by Mark-Anthony Turnage, famed At this 
for his first such venture, ‘ ‘Greek. ” A new viola new “Cc 
concerto by Alexander Goehr, called ducting £ 
“Schlussgesang” and played by Tabea Zira- “TbeMa 
mermann with Oliver Knussen conducting, is an Anja Silj 
enticing prospect So are the programs of choral, nich to se 
chamber and piano music (recitals by Ursula revisit G! 
Op pens and Imogen Cooper). nich far t 

by Dieter Dom, “Ariadne auf Naxos’* (Colin 
Davis conducting, with Susan Graham, Felicity 
Lott. Thomas Moser and Her mann Prey), a new 
David Alden staging of “L’lncorooazione di 
Poppea’ * with David Daniels and Anna Caterina 
Antonacci. and “Giulio Cesare” in a wonderful 
Richard Jones production, with Ann Murray and 
Pamela Cobum as Caesar and Cleopatra, and 
Christopher Robson the effete Ptolemy. A second 
Handel opera. “Serse,” also has Murray and 
Robson singing, and toward tile end of the month 
there is plentiful Wagner, including the first two 
parts of the “Ring” with Peter Schneider con- 
ducting, Nikolaus Lehnboff directing, and a cast 
led by James Morris, Nadine Sec unde, Gabriele 
Schnaut and Siegfried Jerusalem. 

It might be necessary at this point to do some 
commuting between Munich and Cheltenham, 
in the west of England, possibly with a stop-over 
in Stockholm to attend the 18th-century court 
theater at Drottningholm, which is presenting in 
July die earliest surviving opera. Jacopo Pot’s 
“E uridice” of 1600. Drotmingholm, though, 
could be left until August, when the show is the 
■ ■■ — sumptuous “Orfeo” of Luigi 

„' AJJC Rossi, written nearly half a century 

A-Ullb later. 

rke hie Stay in Munich from the 4th for 
US rLLS s ix days (“Figaro,” “Macbeth,” 

_ “Bartered Bride,” “ Anna 

' Bolena,” Edita Gruberova con- 

cert). then go to Drottningholm and 
go to Cheltenham by the 12th. We 
get an Ockegbera Mass in Chel- 
tenham College Chapel. Wagner and Brahms in 
the mighty Tewkesbury Abbey, and our second 
new Alexander Goehr piece of the summer 

(“Five Objects Darkly” for quintet). 

At this point, flip back to Glynde bourne for a 
new “Comte Oiy,” with Andrew Davis con- 
ducting a production by Jerome Savary, and 
4 ‘The Makropulos Case” starring the marvelous 
Anja Silja. Leave Cheltenham directly for Mu- 
nich to see “Giulio Cesare” and only after that 
revisit Glyndebouroe. before returning to Mu- 
nich for the Wagners. 

Take the train or drive across the border to 
Salzburg, where five Mozart operas are on offer, 
including two rarities: “Mittidate” (Roger Nor- 
rington conducting) and “Lucio Silla.” Herbert 
Wernicke’s magnificent production of “Boris 
Godunov” is conducted by Valery Gergiev, and 
Peter Sellars stages Gyorgy Ligeti’s *‘Le Grand 
Macabre.” Then there are the concerts: orchestral 
programs conducted by Pierre Boulez, O audio 
Abbado and Andrew Davis, a series of Schubert’s 
violin works played by Gidon Kremer, redials by 
sopranos from Dawn Upshaw to Renee Fleming. 

NEW FINNS And somehow Aldebmgh goes on 
finding new pieces by Britten, even 20 years 
after his death: this time the premiere is of his 
Double Concerto for Violin and Viola, a student 
composition of 1932. 

At some point travel west to Garsington, just 
outside Oxford, where the country-house garden 
that was once a haunt of Bloomsbury folk is now 
frequented by the no less strange people you find 
in classical and neo-classical opera. Garsington 
has been reclaiming Haydn, ana this year offers 
“Le Pescatrici,” along with “Cosi fan Ttitte” 
and the rarest of the Strauss-Hofrnannsthal op- 
eras. “Agyptische Helena.” 

Put in a few days at the festival in Leiria, a 
couple of hours’ drive north of Lisbon. Festival 
time provides the occasion for a .s m a l l country to 
show off its specialties as well as welcome the 
world: FA. Almeida and Carlos Seixas, for 
example, along with Bach and Vivaldi in a 
concert by the local Baroque orchestra, or Isabel 
Soveral and Joao Pedro Oliveira mixing it with 
Stockhausen and Ligeti in a program of elec- 
tronic music. 

As June turns into July think of beading for 
Munich, where the monthlong festival at the 
Bavarian State Opera presents 15 operas, three 
ballet evenings and several song recitals. Prin- 
cipal attractions include “Figaro” again, staged 

■■ is his quincentenary) at the Flanders Fest- 
ival in Antwerp. Then put in some serious time at 
the London Proms. The two-month Proms sea- 
son, with concerts every night, is the biggest of 
die European festivals, and it covers a vast range. 
This year the programs will be sprinkled with 
Bartok and folk music, with great European 
orchestras (the Concertgebouw, the Leipzig Ge- 
wandhaus, the Gustav Mahler Jugendorcb ester 
and the BBC Symphony), with new pieces (from 
Iannis Xenakis, Roger Reynolds and Jonathan 
Harvey) and with unfamiliar music by Schubert, 
Brahms and Mendelssohn. 

The Proms end on Sept 13. After that we 
probably need a vacation. 


Strolling Around Lovers’ Lake 

On Como’s Shores, Enchanted Land of Villas and Gardens 

By Roderick Conway Morris 

//uentaiicnal Herald Tribune 

ELLAGIO, Italy — “I know of no 
other spot more obviously blessed by 
heaven,” wrote Franz Liszt to an 
author friend in 1837. having eloped 
here with his lover Marie de Flavigny (who 
had left her husband, the Comte D'Agoult. to 
live with the composer), urging him, if be were 
to write about two happy lov- 
ers, “to set the story on the 
shores of Lake Como.” The 
upshot of all this heady ro- 
mance was Cosima, who later 
married Wagner. 

This little town's charm 
has miraculously survived to 
the present day, its position at 
the crux formed by Como’s 
inverted Y giving it lake 
views in almost every direc- 
tion and its ethereal light ef- 
fects, especially when a 
pearly mist lingers on the sur- 
face of the waters, lending the 
place a sense of enchanted 
unreality — the reason, per- 
haps, why this part of the fake 
has loDg exerted a powerful 
spell not only on artists and 
aesthetes but also some out- 
standing and cultivated ec- 

The miniature mountain 
that forms the tip of the Bel- 
lagio peninsula was conver- 
ted in the late 18th and early 
19th century by Duke Aless- 
andro Serbelloni into erne of 
the world's most spectacular 
gardens. He spent pharaonic 
sums on a permanent squad of The winding p 
uniformed gardeners, who 
terraced and planted die mountain's sides and 
built 18 kilometers of carriageway so that be 
could go on a good long drive, admiring the 
ever-changing perspectives without leaving 
his property. 

The Villa Serbelloni estate was bequeathed 
to die Rockefeller Foundation in 1959, and the 
wonderful grounds are open to visitors be- 
tween about Easter and mid-October. Num- 
bers are strictly limited, however, so it is worth 
booking in advance with the 
Assessorato al Turismo di 
BeUagio (tel.: 950-204; fax: 


The typical Como garden is 
characterized by the luxuri- 
ance and variety of its flora, 
and the lake *s shores become a 
riot of color in May and early 
June when the tens of thou- 
sands of rhododendrons and 
azaleas are in bloom. In con- 
trast, the Villa Serbelloni gar- 
dens, designed more to en- 
hance the appreciation of the 
majestic surrounding scenery, 
with their predominance of 
cypress and olive trees and 
box and yew hedges, though 
enlivened by bright splashes, 
grottoes and statuary, are re- 
latively restrained. More typ- 
ical at BeUagio of the classic 
Como parkland to be found at 
Villa Carlottaai Tremezzo and 
elsewhere, are the grounds of 
the Villa Melzi (open late 
March to late October). 

BeUagio also has one of the 
last golden-age grand hotels, 
the Grand Hotel Villa Ser- 
belloni, which has resisted 
radical updating and has 
maintained its old-world at- 
mosphere (while discreetly 
tucking away in an annex The Villa del B 
such innovations as saunas 
and a fitness center). Its owner, Gianfranco 
Bucher, is the great-grandson of Franz Joseph 
Bucher, a Swiss 19th-century self-made ac- 
commodator of the well-heeled, who built a 
dozen grand hotels, including the Semiramis 
in Cairo, and half a dozen mountain railways. 
Like most of the hotels in BeUagio, the Hotel 
Villa Serbelloni (tel.: 950-216; fax: 951-529) 

is open only from Easter to mid-October, as are 
two other comfortable and welcoming, but 
much cheaper, establishments next door that 
also have good lake views. Hotel du Lac (tel.: 
950-320; fax: 951-624) and the Florence (tel.: 
950-342; fax: 951-722). 

BeUagio is the ideal base from which to visit 
ViUa del BalbianeUo. Como's most beautiful 
and unusual villa, and Isola Comae in a, the 
lake’s only island, where there is a curious and 

K •.*»£/ ■; -'J 

♦ t -.’4 ; ^ 



The winding path through the gardens of Villa del Balbionello. 

tin's sides and amusing trattoria. Both of these are on the Vi 

vay so that be opposite side of the western branch of the lake Cour 

. admiring the and can be reached by the regular public boat a ran 

ithout leaving services that run from spring to autumn. 1971 

Cardinal Angelo Maria Durini. an accom- death 

as bequeathed plished composer of Latin verse, onetime enshi 

1 1959, and the overseer in Malta of the papal fleet’s op- icehc 

o visitors be- erations against the Barbary pirates and the Balbi 
•ctober. Num- Vatican's nuncio to Poland.' decided in 1787, with 

so it is worth while in his early sixties, to retire from the Iectic 

“V* * - ’ » 

The Villa del Balbionello . an 18th-century cardinal's epicurean refuge. 

;r, Gianfranco public stage and devote himself to the good pared and the 
f Franz Joseph things in life in the company of his learned and barmy coffee i 
self-made ac- literary friends. Having failed in bis bid to spirits that suj 
L who built a obtain possession of Isola Comae in a, he ac- which Benven 
the Semiramis quired the modest 16th-century villa and smaU nificance of w 
vain railways. Franciscan church on the nearby headland, time). The enti 
tgio, the Hotel Dos so di Lavedo, which is isolated from the lire ($53) per 
rax: 951-529) mainland by steep slopes and dense forest 55083). 

Durini made of the promontory an exquisite 
complex of buildings and gardens, the ap- 
pearance of which has changed little since the 
cardinal’s death in 1796. 

The inlaid inscription that still greets vis- 
itors at die foot of the steps, leading up from 
the Villa’s own tiny harbor, Rabelais's “Fay 
ce que vouldras” (Do what thou wilt), well 
reflects the style of the epicurean refuge the 
cardinal created for himself here, far from the 
prying eyes of his nearest 
neighbors. Outwardly the 
Franciscan church, with its 
twin belfries, still looks like a 
r . place of prayer, but Durini 
had its interior converted into 
well-equiped kitchens, the 
towers providing convenient 
chimneys. The villa on the 
level above has secret pas- 
sageways leading from the 
cardinal's bed chamber to 
one of the guest rooms, and to 
die magnificent Loggia on 
the high ridge of the promon- 

The Loggia, with its 
breezy, arched central area 
. has sweeping panoramic 
, views to north and south of 
the lake. The surrounding 
gardens, with their winding 
paths, lawns, terraces, 
pollarded trees and exotic 
plants, are perfectly molded 
into the natural contours of 
the headland, and on three 
sides cliffs plunge dramat- 
ically into waters as pellucid 
as those of the Aegean, below 
which a mirror garden of 
bright green aquatic plants 
nello. sways to the motion of the 

gentle currents. 

Villa del Balbianello’s last private owner. 
Count Guido Monzino, made of the villa’s attic 
a museum to his expedition to the North Pole in 
1971 and his ascent of Everest in 1973. On his 
death in 1988. Monzoni (whose ashes are 
enshrined in Cardinal Durini’ s subterranean 
icehouse carved out of the solid rock) left the 
BalbianeUo to FAI (Italy’s National Trust), 
with its contents and its considerable col- 
lection of antique furniture. Chinese, African 
and pre-Columbian artworks, 
and extensive library of 
books and illustrations of 
mountaineering and polar ex- 
ploration. The gardens and 
villa can be visited — the 
latter by prearrangemem only 
— between April and Octo- 
ber. by taking a boat from the 
nearby port of Sala Coma- 
cina. Further information 
available from FAI: 02-481- 

Isola Comacina can also 
easily be reached from Sala 
Comacina and by the public 
boats that regularly navigate 
the length and breadth of the 
lake. Above this pretty 
wooded island's landing 
stage is the Locanda 
dell 'Isola Comacina, run by 
Benvenuto Puricelli and his 
family for nearly 40 years. 
Throughout this time the 
menu — which includes 
smoked bam, a superb range 
of vegetables and salad, 
grilled lake salmon-trout, 
fried chicken, Parmesan 
cheese and slices of peach or 
orange with ice-cream — has 
remained as invariable as 
“the law of the Medes and 
Persians, which altereth 
trean refuge, not.” The pace is relaxed, 
everything is perfectly pre- 
pared and the meal eventually ends with a 
barmy coffee ritual designed to allay the evil 
spirits that supposedly inhabit the island, for 
which Benvenuto dons a wooUy hat (the sig- 
nificance of which seems lost in the mists of 
time). The entire sumptuous feast costs 90,000 
lire ($53) per head with wine (tel.: 0344- 
55083). ! 


A 24 th-Generation Swordmaker Surveys a Dying Art 

By David Tracey 

K amakura, J apan — * ft sa 
long story,” is fee first thing 
Tsunahiro Yamamura says 
when asked about his family* 
which is the whole point. He is a 24th 
_ Generation, swordmaker. His son, who 
| V would be the 25th. has other plans- 
' . Yamamura explains this in bis work- 
shop in Kamakura, a seaside city m hour 

by train from Tokyo. Kamakura today isa 
peaceful escape popular with i day _»unse 
whovisir the Buddhist temples. Bui 850 
years ago, when the first shogun ruled 
Japan, it was declared the capital, and 
became a hotbed of samurai 

Swordsmiths from around the court 
fry flocked here to serve the wamor 
swords of the day were 1 oog. 
straight and hard, making *=mun 
wieldv to swing and prone to break- 
Mongol invader! around this ome were 
kept from attacking Japan only by 
•"kamikaze,” or divine wind that 
pushed their ships back, bul. 

oilers acknowledged that the invaders 
were better armed. - f 

“The government realized 
4 them was another attack they 
■ ino fn in,*. " caid Yamamura. so mey 
stlted researching how to make abetter 
weapon. Thai’s when a man called 
Masamune helped come up 
^new way to design a sword wrth 

blended steel. He was my ancestor.” 

Masamune, bom in 1274, looms 
large in the history of Japan. It was 
thanks to his innovation that die Jap- 
anese sword went on to become pot only 
a superior fighting model, but a work of 
art admired even today. 

He found a way to combine both soft 
and hard steels in the same sword. If the 
perfect balance can be established be- 
tween the two. the curved sword will be 
resilient enough to withstand battle but 
not so brittle that it will snap. His tech- 
nique was soon being imitated 
throughout Japan. 

Masamune passed the tradition on to 
his son, starting what may be die world’s 
longest recorded lineage in art Because 
of their connection to the country’s 
rulers, Yamamraa's family has a detailed 
history of each master's birth and death. 
Yamamura can follow his family back 
through history to a time 200 years be- 
fore Columbus. 

PSiME tajmmts Others swordsmiths 
from Masam une’s day started with die 
same idea of continuing the tradition 
from son to son. but they didn’t last. 
When it came to war, fee other side 
quickly figured out that swordmakers 
were good people to kill firsL “Once the 
enemy found out who was making die 
weapons,” Yamamura said, “of course 
they would want to stop them. Scouts 
would be sent into enemy territory to get 

the swordmakers. There were two 
thing s the scouts could do. One was kill 
them. A lot of swordmakmg families 
died out this way. The other way, which 
they did with the best ones, was to take 
them back to work. That's what 
happened to my family, and dial’s why 
we were able to continue this long.” 

Peace was also hard an the profes- 
sion. With the samurai 
battles pretty much over 
by the late 1500s, many 
swordmakers had to quit 
for lack of business. 

Yamamura 's family con- 
tinued the tradition, bur 
in harder times. 

“We used to have a 
huge amount of land,” 
he said, sweeping his arm 
up toward a distant 
mountain. He smiled a 
little sheepishly as be 
nodded to his little store- 
front, where three people would make a 
crowd, and the connected workshop 
about the size of a two-car garage. “This 
is all we have left.” 

Today Yamamura’s swords are 
bought by art collectors, people buying 
a family keepsake for a newborn, or 
patrons who donate diem to shrines or 
temples. The cost starts at about 2 mil- 
lion yen (about $16,600). You pay more 
for the mounting, which is done by 
somebody else. 


To keep the quality high, sword- 
smiths are permitted to produce only 
two swords a month. The government 
allows only three new entrants a year 
into the business. 

Like many of the 300 swordmakers 
left in Japan. Yamamura must do 
something else to keep the business 
going. He makes kitchen knives. He 
produces a pile of them 
at a time, and doesn't 
seem too interested in 
$ talking about them. “If I 
r-. could, I’d rather just 

■ make swords,” he said, 

■as 4 ‘but I do what I have to 
in order to eaL” 

^ In his workshop, 
Yamamura demon- 
strates one part of the 
long process. Dressed in 
white, the color of purity 
in the Shinto religion, he 
r holds a block of metal 

the size of a chalkboard eraser. He thrusts 
it on a metal pole into the flames of coal 
fire, then pulls it out red and glowingto 
place under a mechanical pounder. The 
clang that results is deafening. 

“We have to get all the impurities out 

of foe steel,” Yamamura explains what 
the machine is silenced. “It’s very dif- 
ficult to do because there are so many 
places where you can go wrong- Then if 
even a tiny air bubble gets into the steel 
before it’s folded, it will end up making 

a scratch and I’ll have to throw the 
whole sword out. I usually have to make 
about five swords to get one that I think 
is worth keeping.” 

The work is hard, it’s hoi. and it 
doesn’t pay all that much. No wonder 
his 18-year-old son isn’t interested. 

“He wants to be a singer.” Yama- 
mura explained, a little sheepish again. 
“Opera. He says he’s going to Italy.” 

He chuckled in embarrassment. 
“What can I say? I can’t really re- 
commend swordmaking as a great way 
to make a living.” 

Long Streak 

Still. 24 generations is a long streak to 
see ended. Yamamura agrees, and 
bangs on to the hope that his son will be 
like him and change his mind when he 
gets older. At first the elder Yamamura 
didn't want anything to do with his 
family’s swords either. He studied 
graphic design in university as a way 

Then in his early 20s he got interested 
in the ait of sword appreciation. Afi- 
cionados gather to examine notable 
works with the handles covered up so 
the maker's name can’t be read. “I 
began to realize how beautiful a sword 
can be,” he said. “After that. I 
wondered whether I couldn’t make one 

His father had died in the war, so the 

24-year-old Yamamura learned from 
his uncle. It took five years. “It was 
tough, but it really does takes thai long 
just to learn,” he said. 

“There’s a good chance this art will 
die out,” Yamamura says. “The number 
of sons who are willing to carry on their 
father’s work is dropping fast As much 
as possible Tm working to see that it 
doesn’t happen, but I don’t know. I thin!; 
new swordmakers will always appear, 
but whether they’ll still have fee ability to 
make fine swords or not is the ques- 

Yamamura is not near quitting yet 
He’s 52 but looks 10 years younger. He 
stays in shape by practicing iaido (the 
way of drawing fee sword) and judo. 
Thanks to a recent commission, busi- 
ness these days isn’t too bad. Orders for 
his swords are backlogged. If you want 
one now it you’ll have to wait four years 
before it’s ready. 

But that’s still not enough for him 
recommend the job. 

“When I was learning, it was very 
hard and I thought a lot about quitting. 
Why did I continue? Only because ] 
thought that I had to keep our family 
tradition alive. It was a defensive move, 
which is not the best reason to choose 
your life’s work. But I knew that if I 
didn't do it nobody else would.” 

David Tracey is a journalist who 
writes often about Asia. 




Silent Night, Sleep Tight, on 37th Floor of a 

By Betsy Wade 

AVw York Times Serv ice 

EW YORK — Years ago. 
my father, a traveling sales- 
man for most of his career, 
likened sleeping at the Plaza 
Hotel to sleeping at the bottom of a well: 
Totally quiet and dark. 

As a New Yorker who has learned to 
sleep through most sirens, I thought of 
this when X spent the night in one of the 
New York Hilton’s five Sleep-Tight 
Rooms, which are pan of a test of 25 such 
rooms nationally. The cars X could see far 
below my 37th-floor window moved as 
if the sound had been turned off, and in 

the miynmg the bn ght winter sun qiq not 
penetrate the special draperies. 

And I did sleep well, even with a 
chest cold. The night’s rest was pre- 
ceded by some back and forth with the 
Hilton, which initially gave me a room 
without the promised fancy sleep aids. 
But more of that later. 

First, how does a hotel chain get 
involved in fee physiology and psy- 
chology of sleep? A spokeswoman for 
the chain Jeanne Date, said feat about 
three years ago, while fee hotel chain 
was looking for new selling points, it 
undertook a survey of 500 business trav- 
elers. Date said that a good night's sleep 
was the first priority, above shampoo. 

hair dryers and other amenities. The 
survey showed that 48 percent suffered 
some insomnia, from occasional dis- 
ruption to chronic, with 12percent in the 
chronic category. 

Hoping to seize profitably upon this 
area, fee hotel chain linked op with fee 
National Sleep Foundation. Hilton and 
fee foundation decided on a six-month 
test of specially equipped rooms, wife 
the guests to evaluate the help they got 
in two areas: from devices to cut jet lag, 
and from other gadgets and suggestions 
to promote sleep generally. 

The foundation created a leaflet, 
“Sleep and the Traveler.” which is 
placed in fee rooms. Hilton solicited 

manufacturers for aids to deep such as 
special alarm clocks and light treat- 
ments for jet-lag symptoms; the man- 
ufacturers provided free samples for fee 
25 rooms. A looseleaf book provides 
explanations and instructions. 

MAIN EXPENSE According to Date, fee 
room door has an extra plate on fee 
bottom and fee hinges are buffered, and 
these changes are undertaken by fee 
hotels themselves, but fee main hotel 
expense was training fee housekeeping 

The 25 rooms, five each at the New 
York Hilton, fee Capital Hilton in 
Washington, fee Chicago O’Hare 


i Rosewood 

Directed by John Singleton. 

"Rosewood” describes a 
heinous, long-hidden racial 
incident that occurred in 
Florida in 1923. an escalat- 
ing tragedy that led to the 
destruction of a prosperous 
black town. A false accu- 
sation of rape allowed Rose- 
wood’s envious white neigh- 
bors to embark on a witch 
hunt in which at least eight 
people (and probably many 
more) died. It took only a 
few days for the population 
of Rosewood to be scattered, 
and for the town to be wiped 
off fee map. Black survivors 
of the massacre finally re- 
ceived reparations in 1993. 
The film, a large-scale re- 
enactment of feus shameful 
episode, has been directed 
by John Singleton, who is 
known for his concern with 
social issues, and produced 
by Jon Peters, who is not 
Together, they give a slick 
Hollywood gloss to on in- 
trinsically wrenching story, 
filling it with so many stock 
characters and stereotypes 
that the audience's interest is 
preempted at every turn, 
Singleton (“Boyz N the 
Hood.” “Poetic Justice,” 
“Higher Learning'') re- 
mains a solidly conventional 
filmmaker whose commer- 
cial style is much less dazing 
than his taste in subject mat- 
ter. Wife dutiful profession- 

alism, he keeps this film 
looking substantial and 
makes sure that bis charac- 
ters’ ideas emerge in an or- 
derly fashion, one at a time. 
Neither the film’s smug 
white bigots nor its uni- 
formly noble blacks are well 
served by such oversimpli- 
fication. But “Rosewood" 
has three leading actors who 
are so magnetic that they res- 
ist oversimplification. Vinjg 
Rhames, tough and formi- 
dable, makes himself 
someone ro reckon wifeL The 
wiry Don Cbeadle is espe- 
cially good as the film's 
most defiant, bristling fig- 
ure. And Jon Voight suc- 
cessfully finds nuances 
where not many exist 

( Janet Maslin, AfYT) 

Gentlemen Don't 
Eat Poets 

Directed byJohn-Paul Dav- 
idson. UK. 

Combining a lordly country 
setting and a grisly imagin- 
ation, the dark comedy 
“Gentlemen Don't Eat Po- 
ets” tries quite literally to 
skewer fee British upper 
classes. One character winds 
up a vegetable, and another 
actually becomes dinner in 
this uneven satire adapted by 
Patrick McGrath from his 
novel “The Grotesque.” It 
does live up to that tide. As 
directed by John-Paul Dav- 
idson in fee kind of com- 
ically peaceful setting that 

features geese waddling 
across fee screen in long 
shot, fee film pits the heartily 
peculiar Sir Hugo Coal 
(Alan Bates, in a good, spir- 
ited performance) against 
various threats to his domin- 
ion. Especially threatening 
in their quietly sinister way 
are the new butler. Fledge 
(Sting), and his watchful, 
mousy wife (Trudie Styler). 
This film's mood of strained 
sauciness is a reminder of 
“Cold Comfort. Farm,” 
which brought a much tight- 
er touch to its comparably 
mischievous view of declin- 
ing British aristocracy. That 
film held more surprises than 
tins one. which has delivered 
all its worthwhile barbs long 
before a group of monstrous 
patricians sits down to enjoy 
a strange, gamy ham for (tin- 
ner. (Janet Maslin. NYT) 

Return of the Jedi 

Directed try George Lucas. 

To those who haven't seen 
fee 1983 “Return of tire 
Jedi,” the third installment 
in the first “Star Wars” tri- 
logy. this is where the big 
questions are answered. 
“Return” also brings some 
surprising revelations, as 
well as the final mano a 
mano between Luke Sky- 
walker and Darth Vader. In a 
way, the movie — which 
was directed wife more vig- 
or than talent by Richard 

Marquand — brings things 
to an almost-cheesy conclu- 
sion. Given the gripping, 
dark elements that creator 
George Lucas introduced in 
the two previous films, the 
third movie's outcome 
smacks of PG-rated popu- 
lism rather than artistic ful- 
fillme nt Bui the experience 
is still highly entertaining. 
Of course, as wife the “Star 
Wars” and “The Empire 
Strikes Back” reissues, 
there's a little something ex- 
tra. Lucas created the “Star 
Wars' ' trilogy before the ad- 
vent of digital sound and his 
own THX theater-rating 
system. All three “special 
edition” versions come with 
digitally enhanced sound. 
“ Return of the Jedi ” (which 
was once going to be titled 
“Revenge of fee Jedi”) has 
some other new features: In 
Jabba the Hurt’s sleazy 
world of otherworldly har- 
lots. weirdos and mercen- 
aries, for instance, there's a 
new musical number, fea- 
turing strange creatures 
crooning and vamping to a 
blues song. We get to see 
details of fee fearsome Sar- 
lacc creature that swallows 
and digests whoever is 
thrown down its gullet And 
in the finale there are added 
scenes in Tatooine, Cloud 
City and Comscant, the Im- 
perial headquarters planet 
So, what are you waiting 
for? ( Desson Howe. WP) 

Vmg Rhames in “Rosewood.” 

HUtoa , fee Beverly Hills Hilton and fee 
Hilton Hawaiian Village, were opened 
Oct 29; fee six-month evaluation peri- 
od closes at the end of April. 

Date said fee holds pick quiet areas for 
these rooms — away from elevators and 
ice — but not always on floors 

as high as mine because the hotels, levy- 
ing no surcharge, want to offer fee rooms • 
at various rates, and fee “tower” floors 
are usually hi gher priced. AH rooms at 
O’Hare are sound-proofed anyway, she 
said. At the Capital Hilton, the rooms are 
in the center section, away from street . 
sounds. In Haw aii, fee rooms are . 
yftftggy d. in Beverly Hills, fee rooms 
are all on fee top floor, the eighth. 

With an HHonors card, my room on 
the high nonsmoking floor had a rate of 
$199 a night, plus $28.37 in state and 
city taxes. 

Date says feat the test seems a success 
and Hilt on is conferring wife Hilton 
International about setting up rooms in 
Japan. Germany and other places. - 

When I checked into the New York 
Hilton late in fee aftemoan on a clear 
day in February, I was first given a 
regular room, even after specifically 
reserving sleep-tight quarters. I was 
more amused than irritated when I - 
called to get moved. 

At about 5 PJML, 1 was shifted to a 
proper room an the same floor. 

Atop fee dresser was a big ApoUo 
Systems light Box and a leaflet of in- 
structions from a company called Bio 
Brire for timing fee exposure to adjust 
periods of sleep and waking. Since jet- 
lag was not a problem, I searched for 
other toys. The looseleaf cover labeled 
“Instruction. Guide for Sleep-Tight 
Room Products” had no pages, so I 
called guest services again, and a Mr. 
F ranklin from housekeeping called 
back. In a little time, be arrived with the 

The Bose Wave radio and music sys- 
tem was in fee cupboard under fee light 

channels: ^New Age/’ ‘ ‘Lite Jazz' ’ and 
“Soft Hits.” In the bedside table, there 
was a Sharper Image Heart and Sound 
Soother machine that produced rain, 
surf, white noise and other sounds. The 
heartbeat reminded me of Edgar Allan 
Poe, but the rest were OJC 

If it was all too much, there was a set 
of Aearo Company earplugs. ADD syn- 
thetic pillows were on the beds, and fee 
superthick Sena mattress bad a special 
foam topper that made the combination 
so thick the sheet did not tuck in. Both 
pillows and mattress toppings are de- 
signed to provide more comfortable 
sleep surfaces without activating aller- 
gies. The foundation acknowledges 

feere is little research on fee effettoffee; 
sleeping surface on fee sleeper. - 
I inventoried fee resolutely worthy* 
millibar. No alcohol, and all toe drinks 
were without caffeine: from Diet Coke 
to juice. The SnackweU cookie pack* 

whole thing, and ordered ft salad ftoda 
glass, of .slam milk from room service; 
which I ate listening to Lite . . , 
Meantime. I could nor find dte.Biff 
Briie Sunrise Clock and I caUedagitia* 
Patient Mr. Franklin from housekeeping 
rame back to lode. in fee cupboara- aad; 
under fee beds for it. He returned in *. 
Utile while with fee device, which had % 
Rosicrucian look: a flattish glass globo 
perched, on a triangle. He said be had* _ 
taken ft from another Sleep Tight rcppi; 
The idea of tins wake-up device was to 
introduce light gradually into fee room, 
half an hour before the buzzer sounded/ 
But no matter bow I tried, it kefft dim^ 
ming and glowing in a cyclical way .SOX' 
shut ft off. 

The hotel operator did ber part Sh^ . 

called to see if I wanted my mcomiugj 

calls blocked. » 

I read “Sleep and the Trawler/** 
which gave me tips about avoiding 
lag andother problems. Far example/ 
the main disrupters of sleep are noise; 
the sleep surface, temperatures above 
75 degrees Fahrenheit (24 degrees Cep; ■ 
tigrade) or below 54, ana altitude* 
above 13,200 feet (4.000 meters). War-* 
tying about sleep is itself a problem*. the* 
leaflet says, particularly the “first-mgto 
effect,” where a strange environment 
causes restlessness, and fee “on-caJS 
effect' ' — anxiety about a possible* 
noise. " » 

T HE booklet suggested asking for; 
two wake-up calls to avoid worry 
about missing the first. 

Eventually, about 9 P-M^ without 
looking at television, 1 turoed^_qfL 
everything except the ventilation sys- 
tem, which I could not figure out, and 
pulled fee opaque Roc-Ion Total Light 
Control curtains shut, where magnetic 
rods held them snug. The room was .. 
utterly quiet and I fell asleep. Without 
fee Sunrise Clock and not having Left a 
special call with the anxiety-relieving 
cfeeckback call, I slept until 8 AJvL in 
my dark, quiet well. 

I thought the room was just ftqa, 
although the toys were redundant. . 

But I am no scientific sample. . 

The leaflet “Sleep and fee Traveler” 
may be obtained from Douglas- Con- 
sulting Group, 7758 Sunset Boulevard, 
Los Angeles, California 90046; fax 
(213) 845-0189. 





By Richard Bernstein and Ross H. 

Munro. Illustrated. 245 pages. $23. 

Alfred A. Knopf. 

Reviewed by Orville Schell 

E VEN before Deng Xiaoping’s 
death, the question of whether 
China's economically dynamic but po- 
litically unsettled state of affairs would 
ultimately pose a threat to the interests 
of the United States and other nations 
was so sensitive that most members of 
the foreign policy establishment chose 
to tiptoe cautiously around it. 

With Beijing alleging foreign plats 
bent on “containing” China’s aspir- 
ations and denying Chinese “their 
rightful place in the world.” few cared 
to offend Chinese Communist Party 
leaders wife unflattering criticism. 

The party has long mastered the art of 
controlling what its own people say and 
think. What is new is fee way it has 
succeeded in controlling expressions of 
opinion from abroad as well. Its trump 
card in this global manipulation is, of 
course, its new ability to withdraw ac- 
cess to China's swelling market and to 
put pressure on foreign businessmen., 
politicians, diplomats, academics and 
even some journalists to be silent or 
even to polemicize China’s brand of 
market Leninism. 

harpoons But two former Beijing 
bureau chiefs : — Richard Bernstein 
I who reported on China for Time 
magazine and now is a book critic for 
The New York Times) and Ross H. 
Munro (Beijing correspondent for The 
Toronto Globe and Mail and now di- 
rector of fee Asia Program at the For- 
eign Policy Research Institute in Phil- 
adelphia) have unrepentantly plunged 
harpoons into fee tenderest interstices of 
the Chine se-American relationship. In 
“The Coming Conflict With China,” 
they portray China as a growing eco- 
nomic and military threat that “during 
the past decade of so has set goals for 
itself that are directly contrary to U.S. 
inrerests, the most important of those 

being to replace the United States as the 
preeminent power in Asia.’ ' 

They are particularly concerned 
about how China’s long repressed 
yearnings for hegemony and its “his- 
toric aggrievemen t” have made anti- 
Americanism “a matter of national dig- 
nity.” One foreign affairs expert in 
Beijing notes that it has become “po- 
litically correct to describe fee U.S. as a 
sinister superpower, a dangerous en- 
emy, a superpower bully.” 

A new wave of paranoid official ac- 
cusations charging die United States 
with plotting to “subjugate China” by 
“subverting the Chinese government 
and strangling China’s development” 
leads fee authors to observe. * ‘No other 
supposedly friendly country has at- 
tacked the United States more strenu- 
ously or wife more rhetorical excess 
than China.” 

It is a great paradox that after suf- 
fering for a century as “fee sick man of 
Asia ’ and then as the epicenter of a 
felled Marxist revolution and when now 
at last it is evincing signs of real eco- 
nomic success and global influence. 
China remains so lacking in self-con- 
fidence that its leaders need to conjure 
up phantom foreign enemies. So com- 
monplace has overblown nationalist 
rhetoric become feat Deng's insistence 
that even though “China and fee United 
States are different in ideology, there is 
no conflict between their fundamental 
interests” already seems like a reverie. 

China's new truculence is a reminder 
feat those wellsprings of suspicion and 
hostility toward the outside world that 
grew out of fee opium wars, fueled 
myriad xenophobic movements and 
gave rise to Mao's militant anti-im- 
perialism have not vanished behind fee 
signs of American fast-food restaur- 

Instead feere remains a deep and en- 
during ambivalence in China about fee 
West and Japan that will be difficult to 
overcome even if fee United States fi- 
nally does arrive at a China policy that is 
coherent, consistent and wise. 

One of fee most worrisome aspects of 
present-day China is fee way the party's 
unyielding commitment to “unifying 


fee motherland' ’ could lead to a conflict 
over Taiwan involving fee United Stares 
and Japan. 

The authors go so far as to suggest 
that “Beijing's rulers will risk war with 
America not because it is in their coun- 
try’s interest but because it is in fee 
interests of fee governing clique.” 
While they do not believe that war is 
unavoidable, they point to the fact that 
the United States is “a handy natural 

enemy” and that xenophobia is always 
a tempting way to unify a divided so- 

While the authors support "engage- 
ment,” they assiduously reject “feat 
noble but naive American idea that bet- 
ter communications automatically lead 
to better relations” or feat “making 
concessions to China and shrinking 
from imposing sanctions on it no matter 
how bad its behavior will encourage it to 
act wife greater restraint and respon- 
sibility in the international communi- 

T HEY are particularly critical of 
overseas businessmen. “China's ef- 
forts to impose its international agenda 
on foreign companies doing business in 
China has shaken up American busi- 
nessmen,’ * they write. 

“But it hasn ’t shaken them into leav- 
ing China. It has shaken them into doing 
China's bidding more eagerly than 

This book forces us to confront the 
fact feat as this errant “people's re- 
public” reinvents itself, it has given rise 
to a society that is both undemocratic 
and off balance and capable of becom- 
ing a destabilizing force instead of a 
constructive one. 

By laying out fee dangers implicit in 
this new belligerence, Bernstein and 
Munro may offend many Chinese, but 
they may also help reset fee goal posts 
for what one hopes will be a new and 
realistic debate over U.S. policy in the 
post-Deng era. 

OrviUe Schell, dean of the Graduate 
School of Journalism at the University 
of California, Berkeley, wrote this for 
The Hew York Times . 

By Alan Truscott 

T WO major titles remained 
to be decided recently at 
the conclusion of the Amer- 
ican Contract Bridge 
League's Spring Nationals. 
Among fee leaders in the 
Open Swiss Teams was fee 
squad, led by Richard 
Schwartz of East Elmhurst, 
Long Island, which captured 
the prestigious Vanderbilt 
Knockout Team Champion- 

The Schwartz team, which 
included Mark Lair of 
Canyon, Texas. Peter Boyd of 
Silver Spring. Matyland, 
Steve Robinson of Arlington, 
Virginia, Paul Soloway of 
Mill Creek, Washington and 

Bob Goldman of Hi ghland 
Village, Texas, won after ad- 
ventures comparable to die 
“Perils of Pauline.” In fee 
round of 16, they won their 
match by 3 imps, and survived 
fee quarterfinal by just one 
after trailing imo the final 
deal. During feat match, 
Schwartz had an opportunity 
to demonstrate his defensive 
skill on fee diagramed deal. 
Sitting West, he overcalled 
one heart with one spade and 
then had to defend against 
four hearts. 

His lead of fee diamond 
king was permitted to win, 
and it was essential to pre- 
vent a diamond ruff. He 
therefore shifted to his 
singleton trump, and South 
won wife fee ten. South 

cashed two hearts, then led a 
spade, hoping to reach fee 
dummy and discard a dia- 
mond on the club ace. 

As it happens, ducking the 
spade lead would have suc- 
ceeded, but West did not 
know feat his partner was 
void. He took the king and 
noted a club signal from his 
partner. But he resisted fee 
temptation to lead a club or 
give his partner a spade niff, 
either of which would have 
permitted fee contract to suc- 
ceed. Instead, he reverted to 
diamonds and defeated the 
game: South could not reach 
the dummy in time to take a 
discard on fee club ace. 

In the replay North 
brought home three no- 
trump, wife some difficulty. 

and fee Schwartz team 
gained 10 imps en route to 
their one-point victory. 





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KunstHausWlen, tel: (1) 712- 
0485, open dafty. To April 6: “Horst 
Janssen: Radterungen, Zeich- 
nungen. Aquarelle." An exhibition 
of more than 150 drawings, wa- 
tercotors and etchings by the Ger- 
man artist (1929-1995). Excess- 
ive. abusive, and often on the 
verge of despair. Janssen created 
sarcastic self-portraits as well as 
pitiful erotic scenes. 



La Honnaie, tel: (2) 229-12-11. 
Offenbach s .“Orphee aux En- 
ters." Directed by Herbert Wer- 
nicke. conducted by Patrick Davin 
wtth Alexandre Badea and Eliza- 
beth Vidal. March 21. 23, 25. 26, 
27 and 30. 



National Portrait Gallery, tel: 
(171) 306-0055, open daily. Con- 
tinuing/ To June 8: “August 
Sander In Photography There 
Are No Unexplained Shadows." A 
selection of 200 photographs by 
the German artist (1876-1964). 
Royal Academy of Arts, tel: 
(171) 494-5615, open daily. Con- 
ttnulngfTo April 6: “Braque: The 
Late Works. "50 paintings created 
by the French artist between the 
1940s and his death in 1993. 
Royal Opera at Covent Garden, 
tel: (171) 304-4000. Strauss’ “Sa- 
lome." Directed by Luc Bondy, 
conducted by Christoph von 
Dohnanyi. with Catherine Malfit- 
ano and Robert Hale/Bryn Terfel. 
March 29. April 2, 5, 6. 11 and 

Tate Gallery, tel: (171) 887-8732, 
open daily. To June 8: “Hogarth 
The Painter." While William Ho- 
garth (1697-1764), the first British 
painter of influence, remains fa- 
mous for his engravings, this ex- 
hibition highlights his achieve- 
ments as a painter. 



Art Gallery of Ontario, tel: (416) 
979-6648, dosed Mondays. Con- 
tinulng/To May 25: “Edvard 
Munch: Prints from the Vivian and 
David Campbell Collection." 
Woodcuts and lithographs by the 
Norwegian artist (1863-1944). 



Louisiana Museum of Modem 
Art, tel: 49-19-07-19, open daily. 
To April 217: “Cai Guo Otang.” in- 
stallations dealing with the themes 
of nature, society and the indi- 
vidual. Combining Chinese ob- 
jects and materials, such as rock, 
rice-paper lamps and ceramic and 
marble dragons wife objects from 
Denmark, the artist creates im- 
ages connecting ancient Chinese 
tractions with present-day inter- 
national perspectives. 



Opera de Lille, tel: 03-20-55-48- 
61 . The Salzburg Festival produc- 
tion of Mozart’s "Ombra Felice." 
Directed by Kari-Emst and Ursel 
Herrmann, conducted by Louts 
Lang nee. March 22 and 24. 


American Cathedral, tel: 01-44- 
62-70-90. A performance of 
Bach's SL John Passion by the 
American Cathedral Choir and the 
orchestra of the Academie de rile 
Saint-Louis, conducted by Ed- 
ward J. Tipton (March 22): same 
performance at Egfise SL Severin 
(March 25). 

Grand Palais, tel: 01-44-13-17- 
17, dosed Tuesdays. To July 14: 
“Paris/Bruxeiles — BruxeUes/Par- 
is. n A confrontation between Bel- 
gian and French art In the second 
part of the 19th century. Docu- 
ments paintings, sculpture, graph- 

“Vers I'Age cTAiraln: Rodin en Bel- 
gique.” Brings together paintings, 
caricatures and sketches'^ red 
chalk created by the French 
sculptor (1840-1 91 7) while he was 
in Belgium between 1871 and 



Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kufturettf- 
tung, tel: (89) 22-44-12, open 
daily. To March 31: “Schmldt- 
RoffluR. 1884-1976." Presenta- 
tion of paintings, watercotora, 
drawings and sculptures by the 

A photo of Horst Janssen whose works are shown in Vienna. 

ic arts, photography, literature German Expressionist known for 
and performing arts in both coun- his start: drawing, raw colors and 
tries. The exhibition will travel to inspiration from African sculpture. 
Ghent In the tell. The exhibition also displays 15 Af- 

Musee d’Art Mode me de la Vine rican sculptures from his collec- 
de Paris, let: 01-40-70-11-10. tion. 

ic arts, photography, litterature 
and performing arts in both coun- 
tries. The exhibition will travel to 
Ghent In the fail. 

Musee d’Art Mode me de la Vine 
de Paris, let. 01-40-70-11-10, 
closed Mondays. To May 25: “Les 
Annees Trents en Europe." Euro- 
pean art in the 1930s, and its Im- 
plication in the historical and polit- 
ical context. Features paintings 
and sculptures by Abstract, Sur- 
realist and Expressionist artists; 
works by protesting artists such as 
John HeartfiekJ and propaganda 
art from the Soviet Union. Ger- 
many and Italy. 

Musee d'Orsay, tel: 01-4049-48- 
14. dosed Mondays. To JuJy 14: 
"Emile Verhaeren: Un Musee Ima- 
ginaire." Documents the rote of 
the Belgian art critic (1855-1916) 
In fee defense of fee Belgian and 
French avant-garde at the aid of 
the 1 9th century. Features works 
by Ensor. Khnopff, Redon, Dela- 
croix and Van Rysseiberghe. 
among others. 

Musee Rodin, tei: 01-44-16-61- 
10, closed Mondays. To June 15: 



Palazzo Grass!, tel: (41) 522- 
1375. To July 13: “Arte del *900: La 
Pittura Fiammrnga e Olandese.” A 
flection of works by 20th-century 
Belgian and Dutch painters such 
*f. Van Gogh. Ensor, Magritte, 
Delvaux, Mondrian and 

M japan 


HJfeeJI City Museum of Art, tel: 
1792) 22-2288. To March 30; 
Europe at fee End of fee Century: 
symbolism." Features 150 works 
by European artists from the moire- 

! S^¥ Vatoped betWQ en 
191 °- "ejected objectivity 

and favored the decadent^ y 

• Tokyo . 

Total Museum of Art; tot (03) 

| 5p9lf3220 > *viosed Wednesdays, 
i To April 13: "Wisdom and Com- 
i . passion: The Sacred Art oCHbet" 

I From SL Petersburg, London end 
Los Angeles, a selection of 
Tibetan religious Hems created 
between the 10th and 19th cen- 



Centre Cultural de la Fundado 
La Caixa, tel: (93) 45089-05, 
dosed Mondays. To April 27: "Os- 
kar Schiemmer." Works fay fee 
German artist (1888-1943) Who 
taught at fee Bauhaus. The ex- 
hibition brings together his first 
Cubist paintings, as wefl as fee 
drawings he did from fee window 
of his house when he was con- 
sidered a "degenerate” artist by 
fee Nazi regime. 

Mueeu Picasso, tel: (3) 319^ 
6310, closed Mondays. To June 
29: "Andre Derain, 1904-1912.” 
The latest in a series of exhibitions 
devoted to artists who were In- 
fluenced by Picasso. It brings to- 
gether 60 paintings, sculptures 
and drawings created during fee 
years of a great friendship be- 
tween the wo artiste. 

to > WITIULA N~P~ 


Antlkenmuaeum, tel; (61) 271- 
2202, dosed Mondays. To July 1 3: 
"Agypten: Augenbficlce der 
Ewigkeft." More than 800 pieces 
dating back to 4000 B.C. from 
. Swiss private collections of Egyp- 
tian art 

1 WHtTIP »TAm~ 

Los Angelas 

Los Angeles County Museum ot 
Art, tel: (213) 857-8000, closed 
Mondays. Continuing/ To May 
11: “Exiles and Emigres: The 
Right of European Artiste from 
Hitter." An exploration of the im- 
pact of emigration and forced exile 
on the fives end works of artists 
who fled Europe in fee 1930s and 

New York 

Guggenheim Museum SoHo, 
tet: (212) 423-3500, dosed 
Mondays and Tuesdays. To June ‘ 
8: “Art/Fashk>n." The exhibition 
wplores fee Interplay between 
visual art and fashion design in fee. 
20th century through drawings,' 
watercotors, photographs, gar- 
ments. sculptural works and in- 
stallations. Features works by 
artiste such as Giacomo Bala. 
Christo, Sonia Delaunay, Ludo 
Fontana, Natalia Goncharova, 
Man Ray and Andy Warhol who 
made foraysintofee realm of fash- 

Mefeopolitan Museum of Art, teL' 
(2!2) 570-3791, dosed Mondays. 

Jo July 6: “The Glory of Byzan- 
“ um - Focusing on fee Second 
*0® ™ Byzantine dvilizatibn, team 
fee 9th to the 13th century, the 
ewtibrtion features more than 350 
* rort5S of art, including mosaics, 
frescoes, ivories, enamels, silks, 
stone carvings, gems, ceramics, 
gold and silver, secular and fitur- 
9«ca( objects, and icons. The ex- 
hibition documents the Influence 
of Byzantine culture on Islamic 
jjlatwin fee Near East and Chris- 
ten kingdoms In the West 

* li *NDlT 


PAGE 17 




Sites and Scents of Barcelona 

By A1 Goodman 

An jeubuyi Agcntar (traepi Sdmhenj 

Vienna scenes: The giant Ferris wheel. Spanish Riding School. State Opera orchestra arid Schubert. 

Wine, Food and Song in Vienna 

ARCELONA — No visitor of 
sound mind would skip the Pi- 
casso Museum here to go see 
the city's sewer museum. Or 
miss the Miro Foundation or Gaudi ar- 
chitecture for the small museums dis- 
playing old shoes and funeral coaches. 

But for seasoned travelers who have 
been to all of the famous exhibits. 
Spain's second metropolis still offers a 
few surprises among its SO museums. 
The off-beat ones have a clear advantage 
in being devoid of crowds. Some receive 
fewer than 2,000 visitors annually. 

Funeral Coaches 

The setting is appropriate — the city 
morgue, across the sheet from a few 
shops selling tombstones. The basement 
conceals an intriguing display of ornate 
hearses used from the 19th through mid- 
20th century. Elaborate angels adorned 
the horse-drawn carriages bearing the 
caskets, and watchful, decorative owls 
were meant to bring good luck. A cross 
topped all of the funeral cars. Then, as 
now. the wealthy and privileged had a 
more comfortable ride to the cemetery. 
One example is a French-built 18th-cen- 
tury hearse, pulled by four horses and 
guided by a large “black angel” and 
attendants in black uniforms. Corpses on 
more modest budgets rode in smaller 
hearses, and their relatives also had 
cramped quarters: While the somber 
black carriages for wealthy mourners had 
two side doors for easy access, poorer 
mourners had to crowd into their carriage 
through a single rear door. The museum 
opened in 1970 when a city official 
thought to preserve the old horse-drawn 
funeral coaches and motorized hearses, 
like a 1940s black Srudebaker. 

Museu de Carrosses Funebres. 2 San - 
cko de Avila (in the basement of the 
municipal funeral services building 1. 
tel: 484-1700. Open 10 AM. to 1 PM. 
and 4 PM. to 6 PM. Monday to Friday; 
morning hours only on weekends. Free 

n ■ypi y yn j 

r l .• v x -v 

? % .| 


■V?'"' At, , 

By Paul Hofmann 

V IENNA — The 
Austrian capital, 
steeped in music 
and seldom at a loss 
for suitable anniversaries. Is 
commemorating this year die 
bicentenary of Schubert's birth 
and the 100th anniversary of 
die dffath here of Johannes 
Brahms. Concerts, church mu- 
sic, recitals, exhibitions, lec- 
tures and productions of 
Schubert’s rarely performed 
operas crowd the calendar, cli- 
maxing in the Vienna Festival 
Weeks, May 9 to June 19. 

Visitors who think the 
-Schubert-Brahms fervor ap- 
proaches overkill will find 
that there are many other 
pleasures this spring and 
summer besides great 19th- 
century music. The tidy, well- 
to-do city offers a soaring 
Gothic cathedral at its geo- 
graphical center. Baroque 
churches and palaces, die Ait 
Nouveau decor of hotels and 
cafes, and interesting modem 
architecture. A galaxy of mu- 
seums and picture galleries 
-beckons, the red trolleys roll House will present its produc- 
the monu- tion of Schubert’s “Devil's 

the Vienna Philhar monic will 

S erfonn Haydn’s Oxford 
ymphony and Schubert’s 
Mass No. 6, conducted by 
Riccardo Mud, at die Konzer- 
thans at 1 1 A.M. on May 8. 

The Vienna Philharmonic 
win again be heard on May 29 
in an Alban Berg-Schubert 
program at the Konzerthaus at 
1 1 A-M_ led by the conductor 
Nikolaus Harnoncourt. Tick- 
ets are $1725 to $120. 

Thomas Hampsonpresents 
a lieder recital at the Konzert- 
haus at 8 P-M. on June 7. and 
the pianist Alfred Braudel 
will perform there at 7:30 
PAL on June 9. For Festival 
Weeks information, call (43- 
1 ) 589-2222, fax (43-1) 589- 
2249. On the Internet, it’s 
As part of die festival, 
Schubert’s opera “Alfonso 
and Estrella” will be per- 
formed in a co-production 
with the Zurich Opera House 
at die Theater an der Wien. 6 
Links Wienzeile, at 7 PM. 
May 10, 12, 14, 17 and 19. 
Harnoncourt will conduct the 
Chamber Orchestra of 
Europe. The Zurich Opera 

houses, the State Opera and 
Volksoper. until the end of 
the season on June 30. 

Works by Mozart Verdi. 
Johann Strauss Jr.. Wagner, 
Bizet Puccini, Richard 
Strauss and others are sched- 
uled. Tickets range from 
$ 1 .72 for standing room at the 
State Opera to SI 98 for the 
best dress-circle seats at a 
gala; $35 to $45 buys a good 
seat at either house for most 
performances. The ticket of- 
fice for both isai3 Haztusch- 
gasse, (43-1)514-44-2960. 

When thirst sets in. Austrian 
wines are agreeable; try the 
chardonnay from Styria or the 
light whites from the Wachau 
Valley of the Danube and the 
Wine Road south of Vienna. 

strasse, (43-1) 512-1017, gBbs 
15 or more different versions of 
goulash, the Hungarian dish that 
the Viennese adopted centuries 
ago, each matte distinctive by the 
kmd of meal and die dosage of 
paprika. You’ll pay $30 for a 
Sling meal or snack for two. 

The schnitzels are both 
crisp and leader at Zum Bet- 
te Is cudenL, 12 Johannesgasse, 
(43-n 513-2044, a central 
brasserie with sidewalk tables. 
Lunch or dinner for two: $40 
to S50 with drinks. 

At Palais Schwarzenberg . 
9 Schwarzenberg Platz, (43- 
1} 798-4515, you can dine in 

sedately around 
mental, tree-lined Ring- 
strasse. and the young local 
wine flows in the faux-rustic 
taverns in the hilly Vienna 
Woods. The giant Ferris 
wheel and other rides at the 
Prater amusement park arc a 
joy. And the many confec- 
tioners display tantalizing ar- 
rays of rentes, strudels and 
dainty pastry. 

Pleasure Castle’’ in the same 
theater at 7 PM-. May 24 and 
26, Harnoncourt conducting. 
Tickets: $8.62 to $69. 

There are daily perfor- 
mances at Vienna's two opera 

N the largest of its half- 
dozen rooms. Gosser 
Bierktinik. 4 Steindl- 
gasse, (43-1 ) 535-6897, 

keeps a cannonball that the 
Turks lobbed into the old 
building when they unsuc- 
cessfully besieged Vienna in 
1683. The restaurant special- 
izes in the beer of a Styrian 
brewery, but various Austrian 
vintages are available, too. 
The menu is long, but you’ll 
be safe simply with a cutlet or 
a fish out of the tank; it’s the 
gemutlich ambiance that 
counts here. Dinner for two 
with beverage, around $50. 

Gulaschmiiseum, 20 Schuler- 

Old Shoes 

Shoemakers in Barcelona formed a 
guild back in 1203. They have been 
making beautiful footwear ever since, 
and from the looks of the 200 shoes in the 
museum, also causing a lot of pain to 
people’s feet until recently. Many old 
soles were wooden, ensuring plenty of 
support Some of the decorations were 
fabulous, like an 18th-century satin 
beige high heel, hand painted to depict a 
boy sporting a yellow waistcoat and a 
cloak, and a little girl wearing a bur- 
gundy dress. But the shoe’s high-heel 
angle looks as steep as an alpine ski 
incline, and similar fittings on other 
shoes do not seem appealing by modem 
standards. The most famous shoes in die 
the 17th-century palace that glass display cases belonged to the cel- 
today is a five-star hotel and list Pablo Casals from 1928 
the residence of its aristocrat- 
ic owners. The Viennese 
culinary classic. Liver dump- 
lings in beef broth, for in- 
stance, is much daintier than 
elsewhere. Dinner for two: 

$250 and up with wine. 

Among coffeehouses, Tir- 
olerhof, 3 Tegetthof Strasse 
(43-1) 512-7833, near the 
State Opera, is perfect for a 
quick pre-performance bite. 

In this and all similar places a 
cappuccino and piece of cake 
will cost $5 to $7. Nobody 
will bother you if you nurse 
them for a couple of hours. 

Paul Hofmann , a former 
foreign correspondent for 
The New York Ttmes, wrote 
this for the Tunes. 

to 1930. a 
pair of ankle boots, gray uppers, and 

Porcelain figures, top, and Marie 
Antoinette's leather perfume case. 

black at the bottom. The shoe museum 
has been open since the 1950s in a 16th- 
century building. 

Museo del Calzado Antiguo. 5 Plaza 
de San Felipe Neri (near cathedral I, 
tel; 301 -4535. Open 11 AM. to 2 PM. 
Tuesday to Sunday. Entry: 200 pesetas 

Sewer Museum 

Nothing virtual about it, this is a true 
underground experience. The guide glee- 
fully leads visitors downstairs, to 32 feet 
(10 meters) below street level, where a 
series of illustrated, well-lighted panels 
outlines the histoiy of sewers, from an- 
cient Babylon and Rome to modem Bar- 
celona. The museum exists because the 
city had a big hole in the ground to fill 
after installing three new massive drain- 
age pipes for the 1 992 Olympics. Passing 
through a heavy metal door, one im- 
mediately hears the distant roar of a 
mighty river of wastewater: The pungent 
air makes it advisable to visit before 
dining. Yet the odors are not too dan- 
gerous, the guide explains, because en- 

gineers still find live rats in the deep 
recesses, a good sign of air quality. The 
tour encompasses only a short section of 
tunnels deemed safe and dry, a tiny pan 
of Barcelona’s 800 miles of sewers. Vis- 
its are prohibited on rainy days because 
of the danger of rushing wastewater. 

Museu del Clavegucram. Enter 
through large, black glass kiosk in front uf 
98 Passeig de Sam Joan , tel: 457-6550. 
Open 9 AM. to 2 PM. Tuesday to Sunday. 
Entry: 400 pesetas. 

Perfume Museum 

While the nose is still at maximum 
attention, a thoughtful detour leads to the 
Regia perfume store in the city center. 
Walk past the counters selling Estee 
Lauder and Yves Saint Laurent scents to 
reach the museum, behind a green-tinted 
glass door. The family-run perfume busi- 
ness started in 1928. and the museum 
opened in 1961. It displays 5.000 flasks 
and perfume containers, from ancient 
Egypt, through the Greek and Roman 
periods up to porcelain and crystal con- 
tainers from the past few centuries. One 
belonging to Marie Antoinette of France 
was a gold-embossed leather case the 
size of a cigarette pack that held two 
crystal bottles and a tiny fennel. 

Museu del Perfum. at rear of Regia 
perfume store , 39 Passeig de Gracia, tel: 
216-0146. Open 10 AM. to 2 PM. and 4 
PM. to 8 PM. Free admission. 

Ramon Maria Planas. of the Regia 
store family, said that Barcelona has a 
strong tradition of museums because 
“there always were good collectors” in 
the area. 

Planas knows a commerical banker 
who has collected hundreds of unused 
air sickness bags from numerous air- 
lines. He does not plan to open a museum 
dedicated to nausea. 

Al Goodman, who contributes to The 
New York Times from Spain, wrote this 
for the International Herald Tribune. 


V Greater Vienna has one of 
the most user-friendly public 
transport systems cm the Con- 
tinent, an integrated network 
of streetcars, buses, a clea n 
subway tund commuter trains. 
The basic ride, allowing any 
number of transfers, costs 
$1.47 (at a rale of 11.6 Aus- 
trian schillings to the dollar) if 
«t least five tickets are bought 
'in advance at key stops or one 
of the many tobacconists. For 
a tourist h pays to take a 24- 
■hour $4.30 ticket good for any 
number of rides. If you stay 
jor at least three days, the 
•Vienna Card, at $15-50, is a 
good deal. It permits free 
rides on all public transport 
for 72 hours and offers dis- 
counts on admission to most 
, museums and other sights, 

> | tickets at some theaters and 
purchases in listed stores. The 
Vienna Caid is sold at hotels 
and at the Vienna tourist in- 
-formation office, 38 Kmncner 
Strasse, (43-1) 513-8892. 

An outdoor Tribute to 
.Schubert in the vast square m 
front of the neo43otfec Gry 
.Hah starring at 9:25 PM-on 
■May 9 wffl kick off tfae Viama 
Festival Weeks. Dennis Rus- 
sell Davies will conduct fee 
Vienna Radio Symphony Or- 
Icbestra. Also performing win 
be the Arnold Schoenberg 
.Choir, Marjana Lipovsek, 
■Rainer Trust, Bo Skovhus and 
Stefan Vladar, and fee Vienna 
•State Opera Ballet Free. 

Arich concentration oi mu- 
sical events, primarily dedic- 
ated to Schubert and Brahms, 
.will fifl fee following weeks. 

■hardly letting up durmg me 

rest of the year. For instance. 


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PAGE 10 



Russia Is the Issue 

After comparing surgical histories. 
Bill Clinton and Boris Yeltsin slip 
some coins into the diplomatic jukebox 
and play a few top hits from the Cold 
War. Among the old favorites are nu- 
clear arms reductions, the balance of 
power in Europe and the future of 
NATO. The agenda of the convales- 
cing presidents reflects both the en- 
during importance of the nuclear 
weapons issue and the misplaced em- 
phasis that the Clinton administration 
has given to NATO expansion. 

The most threatening legacy of the 
Cold War is the nuclear arsenals still 
maintained by the United States and 
Russia. Although the number of nu- 
clear warheads is falling, and the two 
countries no longer target their missiles 
at one another, the remaining firepower 
exceeds any reasonable limit. Mr. Clin- 
ton and Mr. Yeltsin need to devote 
much time to renewing the efforts of 
both countries to retire and dismantle 
nuclear warheads and missiles. 

To that end. Mr. Clinton has sens- 
ibly offered to explore the outlines of a 
future arms reduction treaty to encour- 
age the Russian Parliament to ratify the 
last accord, which was signed during 
the Bush administration. Mr. Yeltsin 
ought to welcome this offer and work 
with Mr. Clinton to cut warhead levels 
in each country to the 3,000-to-3.500 
range specified in the last treaty and to 
set Tower limits in a future agreement. 

But these vital matters may not get 
sufficient attention in Helsinki. The rea- 
son is that Mr. Clin too has loaded the 
agenda with European security ques- 
tions revolving around his determina- 
tion to expand NATO eastward into 
Poland, Hungary and the Czech Re- 
public by 1999. At a time when Amer- 
ican and Russian officials should be 
talking about ways to consolidate demo- 
cracy and free markets in Russia, they 
have been arguing over the number of 
tanks that can be stationed in Poland. 

Under pressure from Washington. 
Moscow has at least temporarily given 
up hopes of stopping this expansion into 
Centra] Europe and is instead trying to 

negotiate the best terms it can before 
NATO officially issues invitations for 
new memberships this summer. 

Washington, in turn, has offered a 
variety of inducements to Moscow, 
including a pledge not to place nuclear 
weapons on the territory of new mem- 
bers and a proposal to cut the number 
of conventional weapons in Western 
Europe while freezing the number in 
Central Europe. Washington has also 
promised a modest increase in finan- 
cial assistance to Russia and an en- 
hanced role for Moscow in interna- 
tional economic institutions. 

Mr. Clinton and Mr. Yeltsin will no 
doubt spend considerable time hag- 
gling over the terms of a proposal 
charter that would spell out a new 
relationship between Russia and 
NATO. The idea is to make Russia a 
partner in many NATO activities, in- 
cluding peacekeeping miss ions like the 
current one in Bosnia, where Russian 
soldiers are participating. But Russia, 
at least for now, would not be invited to 
become a full NATO member. 

The rush to enlarge NATO is not 
justified by any Russian military 
threat. Russian conventional forces are 
weak, and even a government with 
imperial ambitions would require 
years of draining expense before it 
could threaten Europe aeain. Nor will 
NATO growth do anything to bolster 
the economies of Central European 
countries, which face a substantial cost 
to modernize and integrate their mil- 
itary forces into the alliance. 

The future stability of Europe de- 
pends more than anything on stability 
in Russia. Rather than taking actions 
that may isolate Russia and encourage 
a resurgence of Russian nationalism, 
the United States ought to concentrate 
on trying to help Russia rebuild its 
faltering economy, establish a fair 
and effective tax system and make 
democracy irreversible. Mr. Clinton 
and Mr. Yeltsin cannot advance those 
interests by debating the balance of 
power in Europe. 


Burton Discredited 

Representative Dan Burton can no 
longer credibly serve as chairman of 
the House investigation of Clinton ad- 
ministration fund-raising in last year's 
campaign. Mr. Burton should acknow- 
ledge as much and step aside. If be 
won't, his party’s leadership should 
take the initiative to remove him. The 
investigation, about some puts of 
which there already are serious dis- 
putes, otherwise runs the risk of be- 
coming its own cartoon, a joke and a 
deserved embarrassment 

The Indiana Republican is reliably 
reported to have engaged in fund-rais- 
ing practices that match in egregious- 
ness the ones for which the admin- 
istration is to be investigated. He used 
his seat as a senior member of the 
House International Relations Com- 
mittee to help raise money from U.S. 
ethnic groups over whose native coun- 
tries or brethren abroad he wielded 
great potential influence. 

At (me point in the last campaign, be 
is said to have gone so far as to com- 
plain to the Pakistani ambassador in 
Washington that a U.S. lobbyist for 
that country had failed to raise suf- 
ficient campaign money for him. An 
aide to then Prime Minister Benazir 
Bhutto sent a fax to the lobbyist, a 
former Democratic National Commit- 
tee and Carter administration official, 
saying: “We were distressed to know 
from the embassy that Congressman 
Dan Burton says that you were unable 
to keep certain promises regarding 
fund-raising for his re-election cam- 
paign and ... were ... unhelpful in other 
matters ... This is most upsetting as be 
is a good friend of Pakistan.” 

Mr. Burton says that he is the victim 
of an attempted Democratic smear (no 
doubt of that), that he did ask the 
lobbyist to help raise "legal contri- 
butions” and did later “express his 
disappointment" with lie lobbyist in a 
conversation with the ambassador ‘ ‘in 
an offhand way,” but that was all. But 
that is the outline of enough. 

The Clinton campaign is rightly be- 
ing investigated in part for the money it 
raised from people with ties abroad. 
Among the questions is whether for- 
eign governments were seeking to buy 
particular policies or influence with 
U.S. policymakers. There has been no 
shortage of indignation in Congress and 
elsewhere about that possibility, and it 
could be serious if true. There needs to 
be a forceful inquiry. Mr. Burton seems 

to us, by his own practices, to have 
forfeited the right to lead it 

If there were credible testimony that, 
say. Vice President A1 Gore bad made a 
complaint to a foreign government of 
the sort ascribed to Mr. Burton, we have 
no doubt that the congressman would 
be at the head of the line denouncing 
Mr. Gore’s behavior. He would be right 
to do so. and by that same standard be 
needs now to withdraw. 

The House vote on the budget for the 
fund-raising inquiry should be post- 
poned until this and other questions on 
the nature of the inquiry are resolved. 
The budget would be the largest ever 
for a House committee, and there con- 
tinue to be disputes about both the 
scope of the investigation and the 
power to issue subpoenas and make 
public sensitive information, which 
Mr. Burton says should be his alone. 

But none of the power in this should 
be bis. There ought to be a tough and 
authoritative investigation of how mon- 
ey was raised in the last campaign. Mr. 
Burton is not the person to conduct it 

Other Comment 

The Purpose at Helsinki 

From a news briefing with State De- 
partment Spokesman Nicholas Burns: 

What’s really going to be happen- 
ing at Helsinki and beyond — in all 
the meetings that President Ginton and 
Chancellor Kohl and President Chirac 
and Prime Minister Major have, and 
the other NATO leaders have, with 
the Russians — is we're Dying to 
design a new Europe for the new cen- 
tury — a Europe that’s truly different 
than the Cold War. 

And that means that we have to take 
into account the sensitivities and the 
sensibilities and the geostrategic po- 
sition of the countries of Central 
Europe. And clearly, we want to bring 
some of those countries into NATO. 
We want to enhance their security. 

And there have been some ridicu- 
lous and silly charges that the meeting 
in Helsinki is going to ... be a sellout 
... There are not going to be any con- 
cessions matte. 

The security of those countries is 
fundamentally important to the United 

The Washing ion Posi. 



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The Zaires andAlbanias Don * 


W ASHINGTON — If you have any 
doubts that the Cold War is over, 
watch CNN’s coverage of Alb ania. 

The reports usually begin by showing 
a map of the sea off Albania. On this 
map are little ships, each representing 
one of the U.S. and other foreign naval 
vessels that have rushed to Albania’s 
shores. In the Cold War, the ships on that 
map would have been U.S. and Soviet 
warships competing over who would 
get into Albania first, fill the vacuum 
there and thus gain an edge in die world- 
wide superpower competition. 

In the new era, an era defined not by 
the Cold War but by globalization, the 
game is different: The winner is the 
country whose navy gets its citizens out 
of Albania first and gets away the fast- 
est Today, the loser occupies Albania; 
the winner evacuates Albania. 

And that is why conflicts like Al- 
bania, Zaire, Liberia and Algeria don’t 
spread quite the way they used to. In the 
Cold War, these internal conflicts had a 
built-in reason to spread. The world 
was divided into zones of influence, 
and if pro-Soviet forces rose in Albania 
or Zaire, the United States supported 
pro-American forces next door. 

And thus not only did the two su- 

By Thomas L. Friedman 

owers help conflicts to spread, by 
ting different factions, they funded 
these factions to cany on the war. 

■ Now flash forward to die new world 
of globalization — a world in which the 
integration of financial networks, in- 
formation and trade is binding the globe 
together and shifting power from gov- 
ernments to markets. 

In the world of globalization there is 
only one superpower, the United 
States. There is no worldwide com- 
petition with the Soviets, so there is 
no automatic impulse for the United 
States to take sides in Albania or Zaire. 
There are no “our guys” because there 
are no “their guys.” 

No one even pretends today that the 
war in Albania is Karl Marx vs. 
Thomas Jefferson. It is more the state 
mafia vs. the street mafia. 

The Financial Times quoted a wo- 
man in Albania dragging away her 
front door for firewood as describing 
the political choices like this: “I don’t 
care about the royal family or the pres- 
ident. They are all scum.” 

In the Cold War, all a Third Worid 

government tike Albania’s needed to {So 
to get funds was to al i g n with a su- 
perpower. But today the United States 
is low on cash and Moscow is broke. It 
is the supermarkets —the Tokyo, Hong 
Kong, Singapore, London, Paris, 
FrarSurt and Wall Street stock markets 

— that pass out the cash now. 

And the supermarkets don't finance 
civil wars. Rather, they punish coun- 
tries for war-making by withholding 
any investment capital for them to 
grow. In the worid of globalization, die 
only way Albania or Zaire get financed 
is if they have a real government, and it 
is precisely because they didn’t that 
they melted down. 

Now they get the new Iron Curtain 

— the one the supermarkets build 
around the Zaires ana AJbanias, to seal 
them off so thar the world can do busi- 
ness around them. 

Still, globalization doesn't mean 
the end of geopolitics. All you have to 
do is look at China versus Taiwan or 
Arabs versus Israelis to know that com- 
petition for territory, resources and 
identity has not gone away in a market- 
dominated world. 

But globalization definitely changes 
the costs and benefits- that countries 

have to calculate as they play out fiieir 
geopolitics. The conflicts m Albania, w 
Zaire could spread, but it will b e roare 
like a cancer spilling over the border,- 

not something driven from outside.' - 

All of this has become raihercocK 
fusing for U-S. diplomats, suckle d on 
the Cold War. Who are the goodguy*- 
in Zaire, besides tte innocent in . 

and how do we help them? One VS,_ 
riip fr ynar I know who served in Mos- 
cow and is now in Africa said ns iae:; 
‘‘When I joined the Foreign Service, 
ybu knew where the goalposts ■ were, 
and you knew all the plays. Bur pow 
it’s like you’re in the huddle and every- : . 
one is asking everyone else, ‘Winch 
way is the goal line?’ • 

“The more l’ra here,” my mend 
sdfted . * ‘the more I feel like F m in that 
: scene of ‘The Grapes of Wrath,’ when 
the hanker comes to take away the 
Tynnnf farm er’s home and the farmer 
tp shoot the banker, bin the - 
banker says it's not bis fault, he’s just ; 
working for the Big Corporation. Thc- 
fanner asks, but where does it all stop? 
Who can we shoot? And the banker 
says, ‘I don't know, maybe .there's •. 
nobody to shoot.’ ” 

The Nov York Times. . . 

j; i- 

i: ■■ 

. Yi ^ 

Russia, Not China, Ought to Be the Focus of American Policy 


P ARIS — T h i s week’s meet- 
ing in Helsinki between Bill 
Clinton and Boris Yeltsin ar- 
rives at a time when Washing- 
ton is disposed to underestimate 
Russia and overestimate China. 

Policy toward China is a mat- 
ter of big and anxious debate in 
Washington. Hie conventional 
wisdom now has it that China 
will be the superpower of the 
21st century, ready and able to 
challenge the United States, 
while Russia will indefinitely 
remain in political disarray and 
economic anarchy. 

Ten years from now the op- 
posite could actually be true. 
China has its ideological and 
leadership crisis still ahead of iL 
Its industrial boom owes ev- 
erything to foreign investment 
and foreign markets. Its internal 
economic, political and region- 
al tensions are acute. 

A disastrous transition in 
Hong Kang (which is more 
likely than not), trouble with 
Japan or Taiwan, or with South- 
east Asia over Chinese claims 
in the South C hina Sea, could 
dry up that investment and 
those markets. China has not 
demonstrated a capacity for 

By W illiam Pfaff 

self-sustained, autonomous, in- 
dustrial development and tech- 
nological innovation. 

Russia has. Soviet Russia 
made itself a superpower out of 
its own resources and national 
determination, sufficient to 
keep the United Stares intim- 
idated between 1945 and the 
late 1980s. Less titan 20 years 
ago, influential American 
groups questioned whether 
democracy could really prevail 
against the Soviet challenge. 

Russia has renewed leader- 
ship. It has Alexander Lebed in 
the wingp, who wants to be a de 
Gaulle. It would be most unwise 
to conclude that Russia cannot 
again become a major interna- 
tional power. It has been one for 
thepast 250 years. 

Tne United States treats 
China with respect and caution. 
It deals with Russia today in a 
summary manner. Mr. Clinton 
will have clapped Mr. Yeltsin on 
the back, and the press will he 
told how pally they are, but 
Moscow is aware that the United 
States considers itself in a po- 
sition to do whatever it chooses 

in Central and Eastern Europe. 

Those of Washington’s allies 
in a mood to demur over NA- 
TO's expansion will be told that 
the issue before them is not 
NATO's future bin rejecting the 
friendship of the United States 
— or so* Zbigniew Brzezinsld 
advised the Senate in a March 5 
briefing. Mr. Yeltsin is being 
told in Helsinki that expansion is 
not open to discussion. The dis- 
cussion will merely concern the 
modalities of Russia’s accept- 
ance of NATO expansion. 

Mr. Yeltsin will demand that 
expansion in no circumstances 
extend to countries once mem- 
bers of the old Soviet Union. If 
in this case, the Baltic states, 
Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus 
would be assigned to a buffer 
zone between NATO and Rus- 
sia, their independent future im- 
plicitly compromised. 

The United States will of 
course refuse to concede that 
any country can be excluded 
from NATO. For practical pur- 
poses it will already have con- 
ceded this, since the countries 
left out now, which are on Rus- 

sia’s border, will have no choice 
but to search for individual ac- 
commodations with Russia. 

The United States will say 
that NATO’s expansion will re- 
sume in the future. But in the 
eyes of everyone there will have 
been a new Yalta. The United 
States will, on its own initiative, 
have redrawn a tine of political 
division in Europe between the 
states that it is now prepared to 
defend and those excluded from 
its security guarantee. 

I speak of the United States 
rather than of NATO because in 
this matter the other 15 members 
will have little say. Expansion is 
tiie latest stage in a transform- 
ation of NATO that has been 
going on now for some tune. 

From the alliance of major 
and minor powers that it 
formerly was, with a shared and 
clear military mission, NATO 
is being turned into an organ- 
izational extension of American 
political power in Europe. 

This is seen in Washington as 
pan of a continuing and be- 
nevolent consolidation of dem- 
ocratic world forces under 
American leadership. 

The change was made clear. 

paradoxically, during last 
year’s negotiations oyer creat-Y 
ing a “European pillar” 'in 
NATO and a new command 
structure. These ended in a ; 
strengthened U.S. position, and' 
defeat for the Reach and other 

would-be reformers. 

I am assuming in this argu- . ■ 
raent that the U.S. Senate will 
ratify NATO expansion. Neither 
the Senate nor the American .. 
public has' yet awakened to the . 
implications of expansion for 
U.S. security. It is possible that 
the Senate will not extend mil- " 
itary and nuclear guarantees to 
new members. That would pro- 
vote a deep crisis in U.S.-Euro- 
pean relations, and a realignment 
of forces in Central Europe. . £ 
Senate opposition is the only 
thing that can stop the train of 
expansion. But a Senate failure 
to ratify expansion would do 
more damage than expansion 
itself risks doing. 

The strangest thing of all is 
that none of this was necessary. 

And whatever happens, in the - ' 
end it will leave everyone less 
secure than they are now. 
iniernadanal Herald Tribune. 

© Los Angeles Tunes Syndicate. 

Western North America Wants Closer Relations With China 

L OS ANGELES— For those 
of us who live in the west- 
ern United States and Canada, 
there is no avoiding the obvi- 
ous: History, ethnicity and geo- 
graphy ail conspire to press our 
collective noses against the 
Asia-Pacific glass. 

Asian immigrants flock to 
Vancouver; aerospacey Seattle 
finds itself with do-or-die eco- 
nomic stakes in Asia; more 
Koreans live in California than 
anywhere outside Korea. Thar 
is why a belligerent U.S. re- 
lationship with China, Asia’s 
biggest deal, is totally unac- 
ceptable to people on this slice 
of the planet 

Two cities that well reflect 
that common sense and PacRim 
sensibility are San Diego and 
Long Beach. They are showing 

By Tom Plate 

the way to better U.S.<hinese 

This Friday, San Diego hosts 
a remarkable" event With U.S. 
and Chinese flags flying, it will 
welcome a small visiting flotilla 
of modem Chinese guns tups. 
This will be the first time that any 
element of the Chinese navy has 
docked at a mainland U.S. port 

America's one-man-band an- 
swer to the shrillest of Beijing's 
propagandists, Patrick Buchan- 
an. Tails against Long Beach for 
its plan to refurbish an aban- 
doned U.S. naval base and lease 
it to the China Ocean Shipping 
Co., a big state-owned China 
firm that would employ it as its 
main U.S. facility. Paranoidly, 
my fellow American envisions 

the port metamorphosing into 
some kind of smuggling and 
spying entrepot. 

Last week, as the debate in- 
tensified, our two California sen- 
ators publicly asked the National 
Security Council to look the deal 
over. They reflect that last year 
UJS. officials seized a Casco 
ship for small-arms smuggling, 
allegedly targeted for sale to Los 
Angeles street gangs. 

They are right to raise the 
question, but Sandy Berger. 
President Bill Clinton's nation- 
al security adviser, should look 
but not touch. By the time the 
facility is actually up and run- 
ning, America's spooks will 
have surrounded it with the best 
electronic surveillance money 

Israel Makes Arafat Look Good 

J ERUSALEM — Benjamin 
Netanyahu, leader of the Is- 
raeli “national camp,” paved 
the way for Yasser Arafat, 
leader of the Palestinian na- 
tional movement, to the White 
House. He dragged Mr. Arafat 
from violence to diplomacy, 
using his own bulldozers. 

Then King Hussein begged 
forgiveness from and shared 
the grief of seven mourning 
Israeli families, whose daugh- 
ters had been killed during a 
madman's attack. 

Mr. Netanyahu's obsession 
with chalking up a Jewish 
neighborhood in East Jerusa- 
lem to his credit brought about 
a public acknowledgment by 
the Americans and the Pal- 
estinians that Israel is dam- 
aging the peace process. 

Mr. Arafat, to whom until a 
few months ago Mr. Netan- 
yahu referred as “the leaderof 
the terrorists," owes him die 
honor of reclining on the Oval 
Office cushions. This was the 
first time he had gone there on 
his own, unaccompanied by 
an Israeli leader. 

The U.S. Congress, coo, is 
gening used to Mr. Arafat, and 
even the mainstream of the 
American Jewish community 
seeks Ws company. 

His restrained reaction to 
Mr. Netanyahu's East Jeru- 
salem gambit apparently re- 
moved the Clinton adminis- 
tration’s last reservations 
against formalizing relations 
between the United States and 
the Palestinian Authority. The 

By Akiva Eldar 

change was soon demon- 
strated by American participa- 
tion in an emergency inter- 
national meeting convened by 
Mr. Arafat in Gaza. 

One supposes that the set- 
tlers of Hebron were not 
pleased. They won't easily re- 
linquish their zero-sum mind- 
set: What is good for the Arabs 
must be bad for the Jews. 

Yet every presidential 
cushion that Mr. Arafat sits on 
signifies a further stage in the 
process of legitimizing the 

And, as Mr. Netanyahu 
well knows, visiting the white 
House can become addictive. 
From now on Mr. Arafat will 
be even more motivated to 
avoid power confrontations in 
East Jerusalem. 

If what Mr. Netanyahu 
wants is an honest negotiation 
with the Palestinians, he can 
record the Oimon-Arafai 
meeting to his own credit 

Bui he has not yet intern- 
alized the fact that the Oslo 
agreement changed the game 
to win-win. As long as Israel 
keeps playing by the old zero- 
sum rules, it will enhance Mr. 
Arafat's influence abroad. 

In order to assure room for 
maneuver in the Middle East, 
even the president of the only 
remaining superpower must 
keep up his credibility. He has 
to be able to give the king of 
Morocco and friends in the 

Gulf substantial reason for re- 
turning Prime Minister Net- 
anyahu’s phone calls. 

In the absence of “confi- 
dence-building measures” (a 
euphemism for special consid- 
eration for the weaker party), 
Mr. Clinton will need to work 
very hard ro gain Arab un- 
derstanding for the U.S. veto 
of the Security Council de- 
nunciation of die East m build- 
ing project. To do so, he first 
must himself believe in Mr. 
Netanyahu's credibility. 

The decision to further 
transfer territory in the West 
Bank to the jurisdiction of the 
Palestinian Authority was a 
good start It could have been 
even more effective had the 
prime minister consulted with 
Mr. Arafat first. Suspending 
unilateral steps, such as de- 
velopment of disputed terri- 
tories in East Jerusalem, is es- 
sential for rehabilitation of the 
Israeli -Pal estini an dialogue. 

King Hussein's dramatic 
visit to Israel offered an al- 
ternative of reconciliation and 
diplomacy to the familiar 
cycle of violence in the 
Middle East. Yet the complex 
situation requires more. If Mr. 
Clinton fails to use the current 
diplomatic momentum, he 
will share responsibility for a 
retreat back to violence. 

The writer, a political 
columnist for the Israeli daily 
Ha’aren, contributed this 
comment to the International 
Herald Tribune. 

can buy. Then let Cosco try 
something fishy. U.S. intelli- 
gence could only dream for 
Chinese activities to be so ob- 
vious, so concentrated in a 
single location. 

Long Beach deserves re- 
spect, not ridicule. like much 
of the rest of the West, it is 
nying to develop a booming 
business with China. 

Already the port of Long 
Beach takes in about one-fourth 
of all Chinese goods shipped to 
the United States. And Califor- 
nia’s trade with China keeps 
increasing. This is a good deal 
all around. Rooted in ethnic ties 
as well as mutual economic 
need, such arrangements can 
help ease inherent frictions m 
the larger bilateral relationship. 

Not all frictions will go away 
easily, to be sure. One sore point 
is China's modernization of its 
military. Recently, in a present- 
ation to members of the Pacific 
Council on International 
Policy, Michael Swaine, the 
distinguished analyst from 
Rand, painted a usefully de- 
tailed picture of China's mil- 
itary establishment It gave 
pause to any unthinking pan- 
Pacific peacenikism. 

China's increasingly influen- 
tial nufita/y -industrial -com- 
mercial complex, he suggested, 
could become the unpredictable 
wild card in the Cmnese-U.S. 
relationship. “The absence of a 
paramount leader since the 
death of Deng Xiaoping could 

provide the Chinese military 
with increasing leverage over 
national security strategy. I’m 
not predicting that the [aimed 
forces] will become a swagger- 
ing juggernaut But there are 
conditions that could draw them 
into foreign policy.” 

It toms out that our friends up 
north in Canada, which also has 
a huge slake in China’s evo- 
lution, have concerns about.; 
that, too. Said Canada's Foreign 
Minister Lloyd Axworthy in 
candid interview last Friday: ' 
“Canada is also becoming pre- ' 
occupied with China. What will ‘ 
happen there will make waves 
for the next 100 years.’ ’ ; 

Mr. Axworthy believes that 
America and its allies abso- ‘ 
lutely must begin to forge a - 
common approach to China: ' 
“I’m worried that the West will : 
fail to get its act together. If we * 
don’t, we will get picked off one ‘ 
by one. You know, if they don’t ' 
tike the way you blow your I 
nose, you're going to lose your 
Airbus contract. It’s time for the : 
Canadians, the Americans and 
the Europeans to rethink our re- 7 
lauonship. We’d better sit down - 
and do some hard work.” 

No one will get any richer, •> 
wiser or more secure underes- 
timating the diplomatic skills or 1 
military potential of the Peo- 
ple s Republic. The best advice . 
is the simplest: Keep your 
powder dry. But keep a weH' 
coming hand outstretched. • 

Las Angeles Times. 

- Jj 


at the home of Charles Clev- 
enger. He is twenty-five years 
of age and a clerk in the Treas- 
ury department 

1897: Bear Meat 

PARIS — On average six bears 
are eaten by Paris gourmands 
each year. A Paris newspaper 
has ascertained that they are not 
hunted, but come from certain 
menageries, whose proprietors 
kill their bears when they get 
too old for exhibition and sell 
their carcases. With regard to 
bears being seen in so many 
game dealers’ shops, it seems 
that as this sort of game is rare 
they lend one another the car- 
case to expose for a day or two. 
so that the same bear usually 
goes the round of most of the 
Paris shops. 

1922; Federal Theft 

biggest theft from the Federal 
Treasury in recent years was 
unearthed to-day [March 2 1 ) by 
secret service operatives when 
they discovered $175,000 in 
Liberty Bonds hidden in an attic 

1947: Palestine Trap 

JERUSALEM — Palestine is a 
country of people caught in a 
trap. The Jews are Dapped be- 
tween their own extremists and 
jerconsts on the one hand and 
British mle on the other. The 
are caught in the vise of 
tiieir threatened feudal social 
system and their fear of Jewish 
Jonunation. The British arc 
[rapped by the results of a fum- 
bling policy which has led di- 
rectly to the present impasse. 

coKjperation between 
Arabs and Jews in a bi-nationaJ 
state is visionary. But a settle- 
ment will have to be made and it 
^ 51 wifl 

& un posed by force, 

ooiomon himself would be hard 

rf nor< 

la* VAZ 5 



;::V r - Vb.'.^r 

• •• 

ii he Shameful Treatment 
3 *f a Good Public Servant 

By Richard Cohen 

IvX/" ASHINGTQN — Anthony 
- 7 Lake, ihe onetime national 
-CTJ.iiy adviser, was plenty 
weary Tuesday, the day after he 
announced he" was withdrawing 
nomination as CIA director, 
was heading home in his car 
:-.s v.e talked on the phone. The was tired, but I put my ques- 
l cion to him anyway: where do you 
' 1 * -iand on Sacco and Vanzetti? 

Mr. Lake did not ‘ hesitate: 
"Guilty on Sacco, not so sure 
about Vanzetti.” (Actually, my 
::otes are a bit unclear, it might 
rsavc been the other way wound. J 
Anyway. Mr. Lake knew per- 
fectly- well why I had asked him 
dial question. For two days run- 
ling at his Senate confirmation 
hearings, he had been asked 
.vh ether he thought Alger Hiss 
had been a spy for the Soviet 
Union in the 1 940s. 

The question was raised by 
Senator Jon Kyi. an Arizona Re- 
publican, and stemmed from a 
question that had put to Mr. Lake 
on the television program ‘ ‘Meet 
the Press" last November, 
v* "Do you believe Alger Hiss 
» was a spy?" the program’s mod- 
erator asked. Mr. Lake responded 
'h-it from the books he’d read, it 
seemed Mr. Hiss ‘‘may have 
ceen." bur he fell the evidence not “conclusive.” He later 
-oid he had flubbed that question. 
Of course. Alger Hiss was guilty. 

Mr. Lake should have given the 
second answer first and saved us 
:.!1 lots of time. But I cite the Hiss 
ilap to illustrate that Mr. Lake was 
not being self-serving when he 
characterized his confirmation 
hearings as a "political circus” 
that showed little promise of be- 
ing brought to a conclusion. “It is 
nasty and brutish without being 
short.” Mr. Lake wrote President 
Bill Clinton. 

It is true, of course, that Mr. 
Lake was far from the perfect can- 
didaie to be the next CIA director. 
y ne is a man who always seems to 
leave a muddle in his wake. His 
critics could not decide if he was a 
dangerous rogue willing to ignore 
C digress in the making of foreign 
policy or, on the other hand, a 
::mkf incrementalist who, as a 
philosopher long ago described it, 
cannot go from here to there be- 
cause he goes only halfway each 

it is also true that Mr. Lake was 
not a spiffy manager. He ran the 

National Security Council in such 
a way that when the FBI came a- 
visiting with the news that China 
might try to influence the U.S. 
elections, Mr. Lake was kept in 
the dark. 

Similarly, he did not know that 
a character accused of embezzle- 
ment, Roger Tamraz, had gained 
access to both the council staff 
and. ultimately. President Clinton 
in what has to be called the usual 
method: making a large donation 
to the president’s favorite charity, 
the Democratic National Com- 

This last lapse, reported by The 
Wail Street Journal, did raise 
questions about Mr. Lake’s man- 
agement style and bothered 
Democrats as well as the usual 

News of the Tamraz episode 
came on the day Mr. Lake with- 
drew bis name from considera- 
tion. But as Mr. Lake has said 
repeatedly, even before anything 
was known about the Tamraz in- 
cident, he had already considered 
taking his name out of consid- 
eration. From the moment be was 
nominated, it was clear that cer- 
tain Republicans — prominently, 
Richard Shelby, the Republican 
who heads the committee — were 
going to use him to mug Mr. Clin- 
ton and settle some old score, in- 
cluding Mr. Lake's apostasy over 
Vietnam policy. 

Mr. Shelby, it turns out. does 
not have either the honor or the 
guts to own up to what he did. He 
was out to get Mr. Lake — and get 
him he did. Yet, the good senator 
saoctimonied his way from one 
interview to another, insisting that 
his problems with Mr. Lake had to 
do with his shortcomings as a 
manager — and, swear to God and 
hope to die, nothing else. If dial's 
the case, why did Mr. Shelby want 
to get Mr. Lake's raw FBI fries? 
Did they contain a management 

The questions concerning the 
Hiss case were, in a way. typical 
of the atmospherics surrounding 
the Lake nomination. 

All Washington knew the game 
that was being played. Mr. Lake 
was going to get trashed — a fine 
thanks for years of public service 
and a fair warning to those who 
would consider it for themselves. 
A good man was badly treated. It 
is that simple. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 


Los Angeles Times Syndicate 

Benjamin Netanyahu advances die West Bank peace process. 


Challenging China 

Regarding "Challenging 
Beijing Is Not the Way Forward 
for Hong Kong" (Opinion, March 
10) by Franklin L. Lav in: 

Mr. Lav in rightly argues that the 
people of Hong Kong and the Brit- 
ish government should have more 
realistic expectations of what 
Hong Kong’s future leader. Tung 
Chee-Hwa, can do. Too often he is 
criticized as being week compared 
with Governor Chris Patten, who 
is fond of confrontation. But Mr. 
Patten can afford to ruffle feathers 
— he won’t be living there after 
the July 1 transfer. Mr. Tung is 
there for the long haul. 

Ho Chi Minh City. 

Mexico’s Problems 

Regarding "Mexico Is Really in 
Bad Shape, So Stop Seeing Silver 
Linings" ( Opinion . March 5) by 
Jorge G. Castaneda: 

The author finds it a “mys- 
tery” that the Clinton adminis- 
tration continues to put the best 
light on Mexico's troubles. 

There is no mystery; the an- 
swers are within the article. Jr is 
because, as Mr. Castaneda says. 

the export sector is showing im- 
pressive growth of 20 percent a 
year. The huge profits involved 
flow directly to the U.S. corporate 
elite influencing the American 

Poverty, corruption and drug- 
running do not concern those in 
power as long as the money keeps 
coining in. Multinational corpo- 
rate policy is based on greed, not 


Fos. France. 

Economics Lesson 

The description of Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl's plan to lower Ger- 
many's taxes as "classic supply- 
side economics” ("Kohl Presents 
Tax Reform to an Increasingly 
Skeptical Germany ” Jan. 24), 
mixes two schools of economic 
thought According to the article, 
the plan is supply side because it 
will “stimulate the economy by 
giving Germans more to spend.” 
But that is a Keynesian rationale 
for a tax cut — spending will 
stimulate the economy, creating 
more jobs. The supply-side ar- 
gument is that cutting taxes en- 
courages people to create more 
wealth because they are allowed 

PAGE 11 

First-Time Authors 
Just Get No Respect 

Bv Kyle Jarrard 

P ARJS — Call ihi.s "Briefs 
From the Literary Dark- 

Austin. Texas, first stop: A 
book tour that opens with a fire is 
going to be special. There l am in 


a bore! practicing for my first 
stateside reading from my first 
novel. "Over There." when black 
smoke starts rising into the sky. 
It’s blocks away. I yawn. 

Later, en route to the bookstore, 
the traffic signals are out. making 
each intersection a tentative four- 
way stop. We roll through the 
sooty evening, only to find the 
store in darkness and a note on the 
door: "Closed for lack of elec- 

A security' guard tells us that a 
transformer caught fire at an elec- 
trical substation. No telling when 
the power will be back on. I turn in 
circles on the sidewalk, hoping for 
a miracle. ’’Are you the author?” 
the guard asks. “WJiai kind of 
book is it? Fantasy? I love 

1 circle some more. One minute 
to seven. Then, ping! The elec- 
tricity comes back on. The few 
people who have been waiting in 
their cars head for the door. The 
guard bars the way: “Sorry, 
everyone in the store went home. 
Come back tomorrow.’ ' We mope 
some more, then go get drunk. 

Dallas: It's a well-lighted 
lectern in a little theater and the 
audience of 50 or so lies in the 
dark. Halfway into the first page, 
someone starts moan ing as if sick. 
Or frying to be funny? It goes on a 
while, then stops. Halfway 
through the reading, someone rips 
a sheet of paper off a pad. The 
moaning starts again. Then the 
piece of paper gets wadded up. I 
almost stop, but refuse to take the 
bait. The rest of the reading goes 
well, and everyone applauds and 
comes forward. 

Fust among them is a tall man 
with a notepad. I know he's the 

“Would you please sign my 
autograph notebook? Hillary 
has!” he says. He searches for a 
clean page. 

* ‘Why not buy one of my books 
and I’ll sign it instead?” I sug- 

“I don’t have that kind of 
money!” he says, flitting away. 

to keep more of what they them- 
selves earn. 

Keynesian arguments depend 
upon greater spending. But great- 
er spending without a correspond- 
ing increase in productivity only 
leads to inflation. Supply-side 
economics gives people a positive 
incentive to be more productive 
and create wealth. 


HeenJe, Netherlands. 

Dirty Air in Paris 

As a Paris resident 1 did not 
have to read ‘ ‘Paris Comes Under 
Pollution Alert.” ( March ID to 
know that air here is unhealthy. For 
a week, a noxious fog of fumes bad 
been bunting my family’s eyes. 
Unfortunately, that week was not 
an isolated case — Paris has some 
of the highest rates of carbon 
monoxide and lead pollution of 
any major European city. 

The authorities need to man- 
date the use of catalytic converters 
and unleaded gasoline and limit 
the use of diesel fuel. Strong ac- 
tion needs to be taken to reclaim 
clean air for Parisians. 



Nacogdoches, Texas: Nine in 
the morning, and the two dozen 
writing students at Stephen F. 
Austin State University sit slack- 
jawed through the funniest part of 
the book- Questions follow. 
"How do you submit to 
magazines?” a student asks. 
Doesn’t she know about envel- 
opes? Stamps? 

"You just have to keep trying 
and trying.” I answer. 

"Thank you,” she says, nod- 
ding vigorously. 

San Francisco: First radio in- 
terview goes smoothly, but I need 
a taxi to get back to the city center. 
Someone calls one and tells me to 
wait in front of a school. Classes 
have ended and unsavory teen- 
agers flow around me. No cab. 
Other teenagers drive past slowly, 
sunshades low. 

Is a novel worth dying for in a 
drive-by shooiing? Weeks pass, 
then the cab comes. The driver 
says: "What the bell are you do- 
ing here? Don’t you know you 
could get killed?” 

Portland. Oregon: The friend- 
liest person in this rainy citadel is 
Natasha, the taxi driver, who 
warns me as we arrive at ray read- 
ing venue: “Don't wait outside 
after. I’ll be back in a half-hour 
and honk." 

It's going to be a thin night; the 
novelist Jim Harrison is reading in 
town. too. I ask the elderly gen- 
tleman near my book-signing table, 
“Care to hear some of my book?” 
He looks up, suddenly aware that 
he’s about to be part of the show, 
and says, “Not particularly.” 

Seattle: Here, bless them, two 
women and a man show up. The 
man says. “I hope this won t take 
long — I have theater tickets!" 

Berkeley, California: A crazy 
takes a front-row seat, declaring, 
"Now you’ve got an audience!” 
He has brought along large pho- 
tography books and begins riff- 
ling the pages. I'm tempted to 
open. 4 ‘Hello, my name is 
Howard Stern.” but doubt even 
this cheap trick would rouse the 
dead shoppers. 

After I read, die organizer 
hands me a book bag printed with 
Oscar Wilde’s mug and beams 
that she is headed for Hollywood 
to write movies. 

I see a smokeless place full of 
light and money. She's going the 
right way. 

Iniernoiiorutl Herald Tribune. 

Villi China 

Istanbul. September 30 & Dcfober 1. 1997 

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“World Water: Financing for the Future", on September 30 and October 1, 1997. 

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The hallmark of the event will be the format of discussion sessions, which 
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Government, industrialists and investors on financing developments in the 
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sW* 53 


w>st r* 


Mobutu, Return Set, Asks for Truce 

Paris Wants French to Leave Zaire and Puts Troops Nearby 

CampBed by OnrSatfFwm Dupatcbes 

France — President Mobutu Sese Seko 
of Zaire called Thursday for a cease-fire 
in his homeland and invited the Zairian 
people to freely choose their represen- 
tatives, French media reports said. 

In a statement issued from his French 
Riviera villa. Marshal Mobutu also 
called for the creation of a "national 
council" in his country, said the reports 
on state-run France Info radio and LCI 

Marshal Mobutu is to return to Zaire 
on Friday. He had been in Monaco for 
treatment of prostate cancer. 

His son Nzanga Mobutu said he was 
going home to "resolve the crisis’ ’ in his 

Eariier Thursday , France urged its cit- 
izens on Thursday to leave Zaire and 
sent extra troops and planes to neigh- 
boring states in die event it has to protect 

“Given the situation, and in order to 
ensure the safety of our citizens if nec- 
, the Ministry of Defense has de- 
to send extra resources to Lib- 

reville and Brazzaville,” a Defense 
Ministry spokesman, Pierre Servent, 
said at a briefing, referring to the capitals 
of Gabon and Congo. 

fiance also renewed its call for a 
cease-fire and a negotiated settlement 
for the rebellion, which is gaining 
ground rapidly from the east of the 
sprawling central African country. 

It made no mention of Marshal 
Mobutu, a longtime French protegfi- 
"We remain convinced that the Zairian 
crisis can only be solved by associating 
all political forces in a consensual elec- 
toral process," said the French Foreign 
Ministry spokesman. Jacques Rurnmel- 

But in an acknowledgment that such a 
settlement appears remote, he advised 
French nationals to leave Zaire. 

“The French authorities recommend 
that citizens whose presence is not es- 
sential leave the country temporarily,'’ 
he said. "This precaution applies par- 
ticularly to families.” 

Rebels led by Laurent Kabila have cap- 
tured more than one-fifth of Zaire, in- 
cluding its third-biggest city, Kisangani. 

The rebel advance has provoked fears 
of violence or a coup in Kinshasa to 
overthrow Marshal Mobutu. 

Defense Ministry officials said 
Thursday that three transport planes — 
two C-160 Transals and a C-130 Her- 
cules — and two Puma helicopters were 
flown to Libreville during the nijftt with 
40 soldiers. They join the 600 troops 
fiance keeps based in Gabon. 

Sixty more soldiers will go to Brazza- 
ville, across the Zaire River from Kin- 
shasa, they said. 

Mr. RummeDiardt said there were 
about 1,500 French citizens in Zaire, 
more than 900 of them in Kinshasa. 

The status of Zair e’s prime minister, 
who wields great power despite the 
primacy of the president, remained con- 
fused. Parliament voted Tuesday to dis- 
miss Leon Ken go wa Dondo. but the 
government said he still held office. 

Fearing a coup, foreigners and 
wealthy Zairians have been fleeing Kin- 
shasa. Brazzaville police said Marshal 
Mobutu’s son Mobutu Rongulu Ndolo, 
an army general and businessman, was 
one of those fleeing. (AP, Reuters) 

Intruder Finds 
Classy B&B 
In Moscow 

By Lee Hocks tader 

Was hington Poll Service 

A Russian man in military fatigues 
entered the U.S. Embassy compound in 
Moscow this month and broke into the 
home of the top-ranking American dip- 
lomat in Russia, where he spent the 
night He was discovered the next morn- 
ing naked in the shower, according to 
embassy sources. 

The man identified himself to em- 
bassy security personnel as an army 
deserter. After a brief interrogation, he 
was turned over to Russian authorities. 

The incident prompted an intensive 
security review at the compound, the 
sources said. Various Russian security 
services, including the successor agency 
to the KGB, denied knowing anything 
about tile intruder. 

The incident, which took place over 
the weekend of March 8-9. is the talk of 
the American diplomatic community in 
Moscow and a source of intense em- 
barrassment for the security staff. 

Sources say there is no indication the 
intruder gained access to the chancery 
building, where diplomatic business is 
conducted, nor is there any known ev- 
idence to suggest the man was spying. 

But it is a source of some mysti- 
fication that of the 120 residential units 
in the compound, the man chose to enter 
Townhouse One, home of the chargd 
d'affaires, John Tefft, and his wife. Mar- 
iella. Mr. Tefft is in effect the acting 
ambassador because no one has yet been 
named to succeed the previous ambas- 
sador, Thomas Pickering. 

Beyond a terse official statement, no 
one would speak about the episode in an 
official capacity. But according to ru- 
mors among diplomats and their fam- 
ilies, the intruder was discovered by 
Mrs. Tefft, who either heard or saw him 
showering in the family bathroom. He 
also was said to have helped himself to 
food in the refrigerator at some point. 

Chelsea and Hillary Clinton visiting Nelson Mandela in Cape Town on Thursday. 

First Lady Lauds 
New South Africa 

The Associated Press 

CAPE TOWN — South Africa’s smooth 
transition from apartheid is “a touchstone of 
democracy and freedom” and a model for the 
entire continent, Hillary Rodham Clinton said 

Addressing students and faculty at the Uni- 
versity of Cape Town, the first lady said 
Americans were inspired by the way South 
Africa has discarded racial separation, em- 
powered its black majority and installed its 
first black president. Nelson Mandela, in less 
than a deride. 

“My heart is stirred anew by the patience 
and perseverance with which South Africans 
are working to build a strong and lasting 
democracy," she said. 

Other nations are following the example, 
she said, citing Uganda, embroiled in civil war 
a decade ago, and Eritrea, a new democratic 
nation sprung from Ethiopia. 

Mrs. Clinton met with members of the 
Truth and Reconciliation Commission, a pan- 
el chaired by former Archbishop Desmond 
Tutu that is investigating apartheid-era polit- 
ical crimes. 

Afterward. Mrs. Clinton paid a courtesy 
call to Mr. Mandela at his home before going 
with him to tour Robben Island, the prison 
where Mr. Mandela w as confined for 27 years. 
She was scheduled to attend an evening ben- 
efit there for the families of the victims of 

Bermuda Leader Falls Victim to a Fast-Food Flap 

Ot* SktfF raw Dap&iia 

HAMILTON, Bermuda — Prime Minister 
David Saul, plagued by his decision to allow a 
former prime minister to operate McDonald's 
fast-food restaurants in the British colony, has 
announced his resignation. 

“My retirement from politics ought not to 
come as any great surprise to those who have 
studied my career," Mr. Saul said at a news 
conference Wednesday. 

Prime minister since August 1995, Mr. Saul 
said he would leave office March 27, but gave no 

specific reason for his decision. Political ob- 
servers said he would have had difficulty leading 
his governing United Bermuda Party to victory 
in the next election, due by October 1998. 

The party was split by decision in December 
1995 to give permission to a former prime 
minister. Sir John Swan, to operate McDonald ’s 
franchises in the colony. Bermuda residents 
have long fought attempts to open fast-food 
restaurants oa the island. 

Strong opposition by rebel members of Mr. 
Saul’s party pushed through the House of As- 

sembly a bill called the ‘ ‘Prohibited Restaurant 
Bill,” banning McDonald’s and other fast-food 
outlets from the island. The tell was rejected by 
the Senate, but is now making its way through 
House a second time. 

Mr. Saul, 57, said he had achieved the ob- 
jectives he set when he became prime minister. 
He also resigned his seat in the House of As- 
sembly. "I hope it will be said I went out on a 
high note,” he told legislators. 

The party has a week to vote on a new leader 
to become prime minister. ( Reuters . AP ) 


Food Shipment Readies Iraq 

BAGHDAD — The first food bought with Iraqi ofl 
under a deal with the United Nations arrived in northern 
i fr om Turkey on Thursday, three months after Bagh- 
T resumed oil exports, UN officials said 
Trucks carrying chick peas, beans and vegetable oil 
crossed the border in the first delivery since the oil-for- 
food deal went into force on Dec. 10, the officials said. 

Under the terms of the deal, the fim easing of crippling 
UN sanrrimiR imposed on Baghdad after its invasion of 
Kuwait in 1990, Iraq is allowed to sell $2 billion of dll 
every six months. The revenues must be used to buy food 
and medicines in deals approved by the United Nations, 
as well as to defray UN costs and pay compensation to 

. /a cn\ 

Castro Would Take Peru Rebels 

LIMA — President Fidel Castro of Cuba has formally 
agreed to give sanctuary for three months to Marxist 
rebels holding 72 hostages at the Japanese ambassador’s 
residence in Lima, Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto of 
Japan said Thursday. 

Mr. Hashimoto made his comments in Tokyo after.* 
Japanese envoy delivered the prime minister’s personal . 
appeal to Mr. Castro in Havana, asking for asylum for the 
Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement rebels on hu- 
manitarian grounds. “I hope this win accelerate moves to 
seek an early solution," Mr. Hashimoto said. 

But the rebels have given no indication that they will 
accept asylum or end their siege with anything less than 
the release of their imprisoned comrades. (Reuters) 

Army Offensive in Algeria . f 

PARIS — Algerian security farces opened an of- 
fensive south of Algiers and other operations in the capital 
after Islamic fundamentalist rebels posted warnings of a 
new bombing campaign, residents said Thursday. 

"It's a big operation near BUda," one resident said by 
telephone from Algiers. "We could bear the sound erf 
heavy gunfire from here yesterday afternoon." There was 
no official word on die security activities. 

Bfida, 50 kilometers (30 miles) south of Algiers, is the ! 
headquarters of the military region and a known bastion , 
of Islamic fundamentalists. 

Residents of Algiers said the country’s most ruthless | 
rebel movement, the Armed Islamic Group, posted tracts 
this week on walls in the Casbah. the old heart of Algiers, 
saying they would resume bomb attacks in the city and 
other areas. Algerian newspapers reported Tuesday that a 
series of bombings that day killed at least 1 8 people and ~ 
wounded scores. (Reuters) 

Ranking Af 

SUMMIT: Doubtfiil on Compromise, Clinton and Yeltsin Begin Meeting in Helsinki 

Continued from Page 1 

Russia and the United States was likely 
to develop. 

At the heart of the discussions is the 
proposed charter between NATO and 
Russia that the United States sees as a 
means for making the alliance's expan- 
sion more palatable to Moscow without 
offering anything like a veto right 

General in character as opposed to 
legally binding, the charter, as con- 
ceived by the United States, would state 
that NATO has no intention to station 
nuclear weapons in new member states 
or to position alliance troops in sig- 
nificant numbers in these countries. But 
there would be no renunciation' of this 
possibility forever, as the Russians 

U.S. officials have said there is con- 
siderable work to be done, particularly in 

the area of specific military issues, be- 
fore the charter can be completed. It is 
NATO's intent to have it accepted by 
Russia in time for the alliance meeting in 
July at which Poland, Hungary and the 
Czech Republic are expected to petition 
for membership. 

Russia is thought likely to hold out for 
the best possible deal as long as possible. 
The meeting here would allow both Mr. 
Clinton and Mr. Yeltsin to mark die 
parameters of their flexibility on the 
charter. Both sides were particularly 
blunt in their public statements on pos- 
sible movement in the runup to the sum- 
mit, with Mr. Yeltsin saying, “To con- 
cede further is no longer possible." 

In response. Secretary of State 
Madeleine Albright said that Mr. Clin- 
ton “will be clear about the lines we will 
not cross and barriers we will not 

"NATO enlargement will remain on 
track," she said. "New allies will enjoy 
the foil benefits and assume full re- 
sponsibilities of membership. The first 
new members will not be the last. And 
we will exclude no European democracy 
from future consideration." 

NATO is insisting, against Russian 
opposition, that it can modernize equip- 
ment and installations such as landing 
fields with new member states while 
reserving the right to dispatch troop re- 
inforcements to them if necessary. 

What is not clear is how much Rus- 
sia’s entry into a consultative mech- 
anism with NATO could affect the al- 
liance’s prerogatives either within or 
outside its area of operations. 

Critics have described the charter as a 
potential watering-down of the alliance, 
particularly if it is combined with com- 
plete Russian entry into the Group of 

Seven leading industrial countries or the 
World Trade Organization before Rus- 
sia completes its democratization and 
economic reform. 

Two arms reduction issues are also on 
the agenda. 

Mr. Ginton will be pressing for the 
Russian Parliament to ratify the START- 
2 agreement, signed in 1993, which 
would cut long-range missiles in both 
Russia and the United States to about a 
third of their number about a decade ago. 
Opponents of the treaty in Russia say 
thk accepting it now would be to then- 
country ’s great disadvantage. 

The conversations are also to touch on 
conventional forces in Europe. The al- 
liance is proposing reforms that it says 
would balance the affects of the dis- 
appearance of the Warsaw Pact and 
soothe Russia's irritation about the new 
NATO members. 

THAILAND: An Army of the Poor Marches to the Forefront and Demands to Be Heard 

Continued from Page 1 

ecutive of an Asian company. "It was 
only a matter of time before the bubble 

Analysts say that the real estate frenzy 
was a symptom of badly skewed de- 
velopment priorities. 

Government in Thailand is "seen by 
many as the benevolent patron of the 
rich," said Wasant Techawongtham, 
deputy news editor for environment and 
urban affairs at the Bangkok Post news- 
paper. "Somehow, real estate de- 
velopers have been allowed to set the 
pace and direction of development with 
virtually no interference by the city or 
central government." 

As a result, Bangkok's inadequate 
roads have become clogged with traffic, 
while air, water and noise pollution en- 
danger public health and make living in 
the city a nightmare for many of its 
inhabitants, especially if they are poor. 

Mecbai Viravaidya, who heads a 
private group that organizes programs to 
alleviate rural poverty, said there was an 
urgent need to raise living standards in the 
countryside so that the poor do not keep 
flooding into Bangkok, and other cities in 
search of jobs and some of those already 
there can be persuaded to return home. 

"We can reverse the flow by taking 
jobs to the people where they need them, 
rattier than drawing people to where the 
employment is now, mainly in urban 
areas," he said. 

Economists say that the rich-poor, urb- 
an-rural divide could lead to serious so- 
cial unrest in Thailand. Average annual 
income in parts of northeastern Thailand 
is less than $700. while in Bangkok, only 
a few hundred kilometers away, it is 
$7,000. Twenty years ago, the richest 20 
percent of the population earned just un- 
der half of the national income; today 
they earn 63 percent. The share of the 
poorest fifth of tbe population dropped 
from 6 percent to 3.4 percent 
Foreign bankers, businessmen and in- 
vestors worry that the scale of bad prop- 
erty loans in Bangkok may turn out to be 
much larger than has been publicly dis- 
closed, overwhelming the remedial mea- 
sures taken by the government. 

Meanwhile. Thailand’s economic 
growth — which averaged more than 8.2 
percent in the decade to 1994, fastest in 
the world — is slowing sharply. Many 
economists expect growth to dip to 4 
percent or 5 percent this year and next, 
although that is still a respectable rate by 
international standards. 

But Thailand's prospects are clouded 

by other major problems, and public 
confidence in the government’s ability 
to set things right has been seriously 
eroded. Among the problems are 
rampant official corruption, public dis- 
illusionment with government and in- 
adequate public funding to improve edu- 
cation, training and urban 

Earlier this month, a cabinet minister 
accused the customs department of ex- 
torting money from companies and in- 
dividuals trying to conduct normal busi- 
ness — but added that ending such 
abuses would be difficult because they 
were deeply entrenched. 

“Frequent government changes over 
the past six years have damaged the 
economy," according a recent report on 
Thailand by Political & Economic Risk 
Consultancy Ltd. of Hong Kong. 
"There have been seven governments ui 
that period, and the lack of continuity 
has impeded reform of the bureaucracy 
and increased the powers of many senior 
men in the civil service," 

At the same time. Western diplomats 
say, many of the best-trained civil ser- 
vants have resigned, discouraged by the 
waning prestige of government and 
lured by better pay and benefits in the 
private sector. 

Thaksin Shinawatra, a former deputy 
prime minister who resigned in August 
and then refused to ran in the parlia- 
mentary elections in November that 
brought the present six-party coalition 
government to power, said Thailand's 
political system was tbe "root cause" of 
many of the country’s problems. 

Businessmen arid party leaders, he 
said, spent huge sums buying votes dur- 
ing election campaigns, especially in 
rural areas. 

“Since these coalition governments 
don't last long, ministers try to make as 
much money as quickly as they can.’ ’ Mr. 
Thaksin said. "This system does not ben- 
efit the country, only a few individuals." 

In an attempt to end such abuses and 
improve Thai-style democracy, a con- 
stitution-drafting body has been set up to 
report to Parliament by Aug. 11. But 
public interest in its work has been dis- 
appointing for those who hope to see 
emotive change. 

"A lot is at stake — the very political 
future of Thailand — in the drafting of 
this new constitution," the Bangkok 
Post said in an editorial. "By not at- 
tending public hearings, by being 
apathetic, we serai the misleading mes- 
sage to politicians that they can do 
whatever they like." 


i 's 2 1 

TOBACCO: A Cigarette-Maker Settles 

Continued from Page 1 

tobacco industry. The documents in- 
clude conversations among industry 
lawyers, and Philip Morris. RJ. Reyn- 
olds, Loriliard and Brown & Williamson 
contend they are privileged attorney- 
client communications. 

Philip Morris announced no details 
but said a state court in Winston-Salem, 
North Carolina, issued the restraining 
order on behalf of the four firms. 

"Of course the tobacco companies 
should be worried," Mr. Harshbarger 
said. "They should be worried every 
time somebody who's been working for 
them starts to turn state’s evidence. 

Appearing together on Thursday 
morning, the attorneys general said that 
the deal was in final negotiations. An- 
ticipation of a possible settlement sent 
most tobacco stocks plunging* 

Under the agreement, Liggett prom- 
ised to turn over thousands of potentially 
damaging documents to the states and 
assist in interpreting them in their law- 
suits, Mr. Harsh barger's office said. 

It also said Liggett would drop all 
confidentiality agreements so its employ- 
ees can serve as witnesses against fellow 
tobacco suppliers. It is the turnover of the 
documents that Philip Morris and the 
others targeted in their court action. 

The agreement will encompass the 22 
states whose attorneys general have sued 
die tobacco industry seeking to recover 
Medicaid funds spent treating sick 
smokers. They are Mississippi, Min- 
nesota, West Virginia. Florida, Mas- 
sachusetts. Louisiana. Texas. Maryland. 
Washington, Connecticut, Kansas, Ari- 
zona, Michigan, Oklahoma. New Jersey. 
Iowa, Illinois, New York, Utah, Wis- 
consin, Hawaii and Indiana. 

“Our states will now have foe op- 
portunity to go into court armed with the 
testimony of industry insiders and doc- 
umented evidence about what big to- 
bacco knew and when they knew it,” 
Mr. Harshbarger said. 

Liggett broke with the industry in 
March 1996 when it settled with five 
states, including Massachusetts, seeking 
to recover foe public health-care costs of 
treating sick smokers. Liggett also 
settled a federal class-action lawsuit 
filed by smokers. 

The settlement would be the harshest 
blow yet to foe cigarette industry, which 

is stiU suffering from two recent court 

On Monday, foe U.S. Supreme Court 
refused to hear a challenge by Philip 
Morris Cos, to a Florida law that makes it 
easier for foe state attorney general to 
recover health-care costs. Last 
Thursday, the Mississippi Supreme 
Court ruled that the first suit brought by 
an attorney general against the industry 
to recoup health care costs could go to 
trial in June. (Reuters, AP, Bloomberg ) 


Delta-Boeing Deal 

Continued from Page 1 

decade with foe 360-seat Boeing 777 
twm-jet and foe smaller 767. But most of 
the orders are for Boeing's smaller 737 
range, which will replace its fleets of 
stngle-aisle planes from Boeing arid Mc- 
Donnell Douglas Cotp. Boeing was foe 
front-runner to supply Delta because foe 
earner already has hundreds of Boeing 
aircraft in its fleet. 

Boeing's chairman. Phil Condit, told 
reporters in Paris on Friday that Amer- 
ican Airlines also had agreed to buy 
aircraft from Boeing exclusively for tbe 
next 20 years, and he predicted that such 
deals would become more common in 
the future because it gave airlines “the 
ability to change airplanes and change 
sizes and models on a fairly short-term 
Oasis so that they could adapt to foe 
market as it moved." 1 

But some airlines prefer tb place or- 
“to cjmps. seeing this as a more 
2 e ..r competitive solution. 
SjS bi eg“t carrier in foe 

flee, ^ p,aneS “ * 

^S^r^^ demandWCllinM 

fiSn® 0 ®?* "Wta some Airbus 

tarn “ Auandia, white it 

wys pans from Airbus partners 








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w°Hds most refreshing airline. 

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Seoul’s Central Bank 


| Set to Ride to Rescue 

J + 

«. . 

^ Aid for Big Loser in Steel Failures 

Ct***W bj Out Sug From Dupatcha 

• SEOUL — The South Korean central 
bank pledged Thursday ro support one 
of the country's biggest banks as the 
collapse of a leading steel company 
threatened to cripple the industry with 
mounting bad loans. 

Hie Bank of Korea said it would buy 
as much as 1 trillion won (SI . 14 billion) 
of bonds from Korea First Bank, which 
has been hobbled by a string of bad 
loans, bribery scandals and, now, the 
failure of Sammi Group. 

“We can consider financial aid to 
Korea First Bank if it asks for it," said 
Kim Sung Man, an official at the central 

The collapse of Sammi, whose main 
business is forging steel, shows how 
. rising debts and a slowing economy are 
■ crippling some of South Korea’s biggest 
’ companies and banks. Its failure, less 
than two months after the collapse of 
another steel company, die Hanbo 
Group, may trigger a wave of bank- 
ruptcies among small subcontractors 
and leave lenders in die lurch. 

Stocks tumbled after the market 
opened Thursday cm fears the Sammi 
failure could have a knock-on effect on 
other struggling companies by further 
raising borrowing costs and making 
banks more cautious about lending. 

Shares in Korea First tumbled 4 per- 
cent, to 2,850 won, in Seoul trading. The 
benchmark stock index fell 2 percent to 
a two-month low. 

‘ ‘The Sammi default has shocked in- 

vestors,” said Hong Jong-byun. a 
broker at Coryo Securities. 

Korea First's plight symbolizes deep- 
rooted problems at the nation’s banks, 
where commercial lending criteria mat- 
ter less than political favors ora fat bribe. 
A combination of weak management, 
shrinking stock investments and loan 
shocks has left banks gasping for capital 
just as their borrowing costs surge. 

“I sold my banking and brokerage 
shares. Banks are in worse shape than 
the bankrupt Sammi," said Ki Won 
Chang, a fund manager at Korea In- 
vestment Trust Co.. 

A South Korean lawmaker called for 
an investigation into the collapse, say- 
ing Sammi may have exerted political 
pressure to secure bank loans. Sammi 
executives denied the charge. 

Korea First is already at the center of 
the biggest financial scandal in years. 
Ten people are being tried for corruption 
charges connected to Hanbo, which col- 
lapsed under $6 billion of debt. Korea 
First, Hanbo’s prime creditor, and oth- 
ers lent money to the steel company after 
taking bribes from Hanbo's founder, 
Chung Tai Soo, prosecutors contend. 

Sammi’s collapse will add to Korea 
First Bank’s bad loans, now estimated at 
$610 million. The Seoul-based bank 
lent 430 billion won to Sammi. 

The European rating agency IBCA 
said Wednesday that it had downgraded 
the individual ratings of Korea First 
Bank, Cho Hung Bank and Korea Ex- 
change Bank. (Bloomberg. Reuters ) 

3 umlfejg£,<tnlwnc 


FRIDAY, MARCH 21, 1997 

BANE5TO CHIEF GUILTY — Mario Conde, former head of the 
Spanish private bank Banesto, who was convicted Thursday in Mad- 
rid and sentenced to six years in prison for embezzlement and forgery. 

U.S. Growth Outlook Dims as Trade Deficit Widens 

*■■■*• ? fi : ' 

By Mitchell Martin 

International Herald Tribune . 

NEW YORK — An unexpected jump 
in the January trade deficit announced 
Thursday had economists revising their 
U.S. growth forecasts downward, but 
financial markets largely shrugged off 
that potentially bad news along with a 
new indication that higher short-term 
interest rates are on the way. 

The government said the January trade 
deficit was $12.7 billion, widened from 

$10-5 billion in December. A January 
number roughly in line with the previous 
month had been widely expected 

Ken Mayland, chief economist of Key- 
Corp., a Cleveland-based banking com- 
pany, noted a widening of the trade gap 
with China, which grew to $3.7 billion in 
January from $2.6 billion in December. 

“Economic growth — particularly in 
the area of consumer goods — has been 
especially strong in the U.S.,” he said 
With Asian growth rates slowing, he 
added “much of the deterioration in the 

trade deficit can be traced to Pacific Rim 
countries other than Japan." 

About a third of die rise in merchan- 
dise imports was in crude oil. Merrill 
Lynch & Co. said adding that this was 
not expected to persist Meanwhile, the 
volatile category of aircraft exports fell 
sharply. The firm predicted that in light 
of the numbers, first-quarter U.S. eco- 
nomic growth would be about 2.5 per- 
cent at an annual rate, which was 
“around the supposed noninflationary 
trend rate of growth." 


worlds most refreshing carline. 

RAGE 13 

Embattled Renault 
Discloses Huge Loss 

French Minister Hints Company 
May Be Forced to Seek Merger 

Mr. Mayland said the trade data were 
not worrisome from an inflation stand- 
point “Yes, die consumer demands are 
strong,” he said “We see that from the 
retail sales figures." But he said that 
because much of the demand was being 
met by overseas producers, many of them 
with weak domestic economies, the buy- 
ing was not straining U.S. manufacturing 

Alan Greenspan, the chairman of the 
See ECONOMY, Page 14 

By Barry James 

International HerM Tribune 

PARIS — As hundreds of autowork- 
ers clashed with French riot police to 
protest the closure of a Renault car plant 
in Belgium, the French automaker said 
Thursday that it had posted a 5.25 bil- 
lion franc (S924.4 million) loss for 

“We were expecting a market re- 
covery in Europe and it broke down," 
explained the Renault chairman. Louis 

The results came as France’s labor 
minister hinted that the company may 
have to consider a merger. The minister, 
Frank Borotra, told the Senate that 
Renault needed an industrial strategy 
and must “work with other industrial 

Renault's loss was roughly in line 
with expectations, and included charges 
of 2.8 billion francs for closing its plant 
at Vilvoorde near Brussels, 400 million 
francs for eliminating the 3.100 jobs 
there and 940 million francs for cutting 
2,700 jobs at plants in France. 

Meanwhile, hundreds of Renault 
workers from Belgium clashed with riot 
squads Thursday outside a compound at 
Wavrin in northern France where thou- 
sands of automobiles from several man- 
ufacturers, including Renault, are 
stored. They vowed to stay and prevent 
Renault from supplying its dealers. 

Workers again demonstrated outside 
the company’s headquarters at 
Bofeogne-Billancourt, just outside Paris, 
and one group tried to enter the Renault 
showroom on die Champs- Elysees in 
Paris, but the police turned them back. 

Renault Europe’s sixth-largest auto 
manufacturer, had an operating income 
of nearly 8 billion francs when Mr. 
Schweitzer took over in 1992 and has 
not posted a loss in the past decade. The 
partly privatized group — the French 
government owns 46 percent — had 
more than 2 84 billion francs in sales last 
year, an 0. 1 1 percent decline from 1 995, 
but competition in Europe's glutted 
markets ripped into its profit margins. 

Mr. Schweitzer told union delegates 

on Wednesday that his decision to close 
the modem plant at Vilvoorde was “ir- 

The company plans to concentrate 
production at fewer plants, reduce the 
production costs of each car by 3,000 
francs and cut the assembly time for 
each automobile to an average of 15 
hours from 21. He said he hoped to 
re rum the company to operating prof- 
itability this year. 

Mr. Schweitzer's refusal to recon- 
sider the end of July closure of the 
Vilvoorde plant, or to institute a 10 
percent reduction in working hours 
across the company as workers’ del- 
egates asked, pointed him increasingly 
on a collision course with the unions, 
with die Belgian government and with 
the European Commission. 

A Belgian labor leader warned after 
Mr. Schweitzer’s fruitless meeting with 
union representatives in Beauvais, 
Ranee, on Wednesday, that his stand 
meant that the debate would be con- 
tinued on the streets. 

In another development, stare-owned 
Credit Lyonnais. France’s biggest fi- 
nancial disaster of the decade, improved 
its position from roughly break-even in 
1995 to a 202 million franc net con- 
solidated profit in 1996. 

■ Blanc Threatens to Resign 

The Groupe Air Ranee S A chairman, 
Christian Blanc, said he would rather 
resign than withdraw his plans to im- 
plement a two-tier salary structure for 
pilots, AFX reported Thursday from Par- 

Air France pilots have called a four- 
day strike starting Sunday against the 
plan. The pilots union is to meet Friday 
to decide whether to go ahead with the 

“There is no room for maneuver on 
this decision," Mr. Blanc told jour- 

‘ ‘Knowing what the consequences of 
withdrawing this measure would be for 
the future of Air France, I .would no 
longer hold the management of the com- 
pany if the pilots continue to reject the 

.1 1 . i'- 
ll- i: = ‘ :1 

Thinking Ahead /Commentary 

It Would Be Risky to Delay the Euro 

By Reginald Dale 

International Herald Tribune 

W ASHINGTON — Nobody ever said that mer- 
ging francs. Deutsche marks and lire into a 
single European currency would be easy. Yet 
each time the going gets tough, calls are heard 
for a delay. Procrastinators are now arguing that slow 
growth and high unemployment in Germany mean that the 
Jan. I, 1999, target date for the euro’s introduction may 
have to be set back. But much less 
attention is being paid to the eeo- “ 

nomic, financial and political up- There is IlCVt 
heavals that a delay would cause. . 

Preparations for the euro are now so Ideal mon 
advanced that, in the words of ore ana- duce a single 

lyst, postponement would be like ^ 

pulling the emergency brake on a speed- 
ing train. It would make sense only if monetary union were 
clearly heading toward a major crash. 

Of course there would be a problem if, as many predict, 
Germany failed to keep this year’s budget deficit below 3 
percent of gross domestic product — the most important 
criterion for joining the euro. 

The problem, however, would be as much political as 
economic. A marginal deficit overshoot would not mark the 
sudden end of Germany’s long run as a generally well- 
disciplined, strong -currency country. 

But Bonn would have a bard time excluding traditionally 
less disciplined countries such as Italy, Spain and Portugal, 
whose participation might make the currency too weak mid 
unstable to be politically acceptable to German public opin- 

There is wide agreement that an extended delay would 
put grave strains on Europe’s economic and political co- 
hesion, threaten its single market and probably derail 
economic and monetary union fear the foreseeable future. 

But some say the European Union could get away with a 
short delay — by “stopping die clock" for as much as a 

There is never going to be 
an ideal moment to intro- 
dace a single currency. 

year, for instance, to allow Germany and perhaps France to 
meet the budgetary requirements — provided financial 
markets saw the delay as technical and temporary. 

Nevertheless, any delay would cany a risk. One im- 
mediate result would almost certainly be a surge in the 
Deutsche mark's value that would threaten Germany’s 
economic recovery, and its chances of reducing unem- 
ployment. by penalizing exports. That might hasten the 
political demise of Chancellor Helmut Kohl, the leader 
most needed to keep die single currency on track. 

The Larin countries could expect to 
see their interest rates soar as their 
r g oing to be currencies fell, making it even more 
° , difficult for them to meet the single- 

CD t to intro- currency requirements and heighicn- 

rnrrenrc “S * e of recession. 

Big corporations and banks, which 

have already made enormous invest- 
ments to prepare for the euro, would be badly hit, and any 
new dare for its start would be regarded with great skep- 
ticism by financial markets. Governments would probably 
feel less pressure to maintain sound but unpopular fiscal 
policies, open up their labor markets and generally become 
more competitive. Much of that pressure is now coming 
from a combination of the increasing impact of the EU’s 
single market and the imminen ce of die earo’s arrival. 

There is never going to be an ideal moment to introduce 
a single currency. Another reason for going ahead now is 
that the healthy U.S. economy and the stronger dollar should 
help Europe's economic prospects in the coining months. 

Mr. Kohl’s best bet is to try to start on time with a hard 
core composed of Austria, the Benelux countries. France 
mA Germany — and perhaps Ireland and Finland. Thar 
means making a supreme effort to fulfill the criteria. 

Italy. Spain and Portugal would be promised entry some 
time late r — still technically as founder members — 
provided they met the conditions. It is in their interest, too, 
to have a stable euro. Delaying it will not make Europe’s 
economic problems any easier to solve. 


Cross Rates 

March 20 Libld-Llbor Rates 

March 20 

. < u RF. Iti M IF. v. Ik Cl PH* 

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' i mm lui iJsJ? uas im am uu uuss uw 

, Other Dollar Values 

: Cumncy PmS 7-931 S. Afr.mjKj 4433 

:■ ArQBOtpiM 0.99tt 7 J 4 A 5 H^ttSondS 1.4455 S. Kw. won 88400 

AustrattMS \M9 No(W . krone 47445 SweLtanaa 7-6171 

Austrian**. 11.787 HW. WI puLp** 2433 Tt*on» 77S2 

BnoBrom 1 M]S mSmt sjj 7 TWbant 2494 

CMaeseyoan 8J2» ‘jS'i*** part escudo 1647J ItatfablRB 125080. 

srss is-rE Be -s kl'ssjss 

SEm Si Bi* 1— 

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Dakar D-Mark Franc Stems Yon ECU 

1-month 3*-W !V»-2 6V* - 3¥* - 3V» VS-* 4Vk-4fe 

S-month 5fe»-54fe 3 Vb- 3V» m-m 6W-6* JM-3* Vi-W 4¥4-44fe 
4-tnantft 5*-5» M-3H 7 *■-!*» M-6* 4Vb- 

1-year 3fe-JVJ 1H*-1W* «4-7 3V; -3* 4Va-4M» 

flStesapSfcSfe of SI mtOon mmtnum (orequlrotent). 

Mbs. peso 
Horn, krone 
PUL pass 
PaSsO zloty 
port escudo 


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Swed. tenon 
tw bam 
Tartest Pm 

[Forward Rates 

Conner JMW »*» *** 

' Pound State* 1-^8 J-gg 

“ Cowtodottor TJ740 

Deutsche mat 14d07 !■«*» 

M-day tt-doy iMmr 

121.74 121.23 12046 

Jopneseyn «1J4 121J3 72046 

S !5i" JSS IAW urn 

. Soanes: ING Bans (Ants 
(Milan]: Banque de 
(Tomato): IMF t SDR). OtlU 

imUfOlf Hojioi Bank at Canada 
Btoambefgtntd Haulers. 

Key Money Rates 

Discount rate 
Prime rate 
Fekoral fends 
yodey CDs denims 
180-dny CP doteon 
3 BUMtk Tnnsory bill 
1 -year Treasury ba 
2y«dr Tieasmy Uk 
5-year Treosury wrt* 

7<yw Treasury note 

lOywarTreasory note 
30-yoor Traosory bond 
MerrU Lyock 38-day RA 

i SHE 

Dhcuuot rate 
CoS money 
1-meott) kriertkmfc 
3-ooolk tatertxmk 
4flontti tetmtak 
lOteer Govt bond 
Gm ni y 
T-gngfli ktf o hnnk 
34DBP* h i mtomk 
frmontk faterktak 
10-yior Bond 

1-cwnft h riort mk 
3-raontk mtertonk 
t-monlk hrtmknnk 

f n t e roenBon rate 
7 -moon krteifeoak 
3-aonth Wcrtook 
I month teteramm 

400 400 

«•» 400 

6V0 6Vio 

6Vb 614 
6V» 6H 
743 7 SB 

110 3.10 

3Vn 3»t 
314 3fc 
3Vte 3V* 
3¥» 31* 

426 UO 

Sources: Reuters. Buaetbetu. Merrill 
Lynch. Bank of Tokro-MItiublshl. 

ZHikk 3S2J5 351.75 +Z65 

Lsndoe 35Z70 35Z00 +Z90 

NOW Yolk 35390 35220 -070 

US donors per ounce. London affdat 
ftrfrjBsr ZwfcTi and Haw York opening 
and cfcsto* priow New York Ovner 

Source: Healers. 

Cracked: Cell Phones ’ Security Code 

By John Markoff 

iVrw York Times Sender 

SAN FRANCISCO — A team of 
well-known computer-security experts 
said Thursday that they had cracked a 
key pari of the electronic code intended 
to protect the privacy of calls made with 
the new digital generation of 
American cellular telephones. 

The announcement, inten- 
ded as a public warning, means 
that tbe new U.S. cellular tele- 
phones, which transmit 
streams of digital information 
in a code similar to that of 
computer data, may not be j 

much more secure from eaves- ■. 
dropping than the analog cel- ’ 
lular phones, which send voice / 
as electronic patterns mimick- 
ing sound waves, that have * j 
been in use for 15 years. 

Now that digital wireless 0701 
networks are coming into use _ _ , _ 
around the United States, the u 1 ' y 
breaking of the digital code by 017 1 
the team of two computer se- -j Q0 1 
curity consultants and a uni- 
versity researcher confirms 01 1 l 
fears about privacy that were 1 00 1 
raised five years ago when tbe -j Q0 1 
communications industry *■ ■ ■— 
agreed under government pres- 
sure to adopt a watered-down 
privacy technology. 

The announcement does not affect 
the international digital cellular system 
used widely outside the United States, 
known as GSM. which has tougher se- 

According to several telecommuni- 
cations^ -industry officials, that pressure 
came from the U.S. National Security 
Agency, which feared that a stronger 
encryption technology might allow 
criminals or terrorists to conspire easily 
via cellular phones. But independent 
security experts now say dial the code is 
easy enough to crack that anyone with 

sufficient technical skills and a desktop 
computer could make and sell a mon- 
itoring device that would be as easy to 
use as a police scanner. 

Such a device would enable a listener 
to scan hundreds of wireless channels to 
listen in randomly on any digital call 
within distances ranging from 1,000 

* A f "SSn 

° „ o }t 


0701 007 7.01 DO j 
0170100011700 I 
100111011 0,1r01;0 
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feet (300 meters) to several miles. Or, as 
with current cellular technology, if a 
person were the target of an eaves- 
dropper, the device could be pro- 
grammed to listen for any nearby digital 
call to that person’s telephone number. 

Other -possible transgressions would 
include using the device to automat- 
ically “harvest" all calling-card or 
credit-card data transmitted on nearby 
digital wireless phones. 

Because of a loophole in fee Com- 
munications Act of 1934. making and 
selling such devices would not be illegal 
in the United States, even though using 
one would technically be against the 

law. These monitoring devices are not 
yet available, but security experts said a 
thriving gray market was certain to de- 
velop; and with technical details of the 
security system already circulating od 
fee Internet, instructions for cracking it 
will almost certainly make their way 
into the computer underground. 

[Bruce Schneier. one of fee 
security experts who cracked 
the code, told The Washington 
Post that the group had broken 
one of three encryption sys- 

I terns used in fee new gener- 

ation of digital cellular phones: 
the scrambler that keeps eaves- 
droppers from being able to 
r~ hear the signals sent from a 

C telephone to the network, 

i /I which is important for con- 

Sf I cealing any message punched 

into the telephone’s keypad. 
LI This includes access codes for 

Ok using long-distance cards or 

|ia entering credit-card numbers 

I f and voice-mail codes, among 

{ other applications. 

1 1 [One of the systems, which 

II scrambles the voice signal, 

i*** *1 was broken in the early 1990s. 

rajja The other cryptographic code 

cloaks tbe telephone’s identi- 
lying system and prevents cel- 
Nicuiflt Ascta/ufT tolar-telephone fraud. Mr. 

Schneier said his group had 
not broken that system yet, but added, 
"We’re working on it.” ] 

Technical details of the security sys- 
tem were supposed to be a closely 
guarded secret, known only ro a small 
circle of engineers. 

But the researchers performed their 
work based on technical documents that 
were leaked from within the commu- 
nications industry and disseminated 
over the Internet last year. 

"Tbe industry design process is at 
fault," said David Wagner, a University 

See CRACK, Page 17 

Beijing’s Trade Offer Disappoints EU 

Agence France-Presse 

BEIJING — European Union nego- 
tiators said Thursday they were dis- 
appointed with offers made by China in 
its bid to join the World Trade Or- 

“The Chinese offer at this stage was 
below what we would call WTO stan- 
dard, if there is such a thing," the EU 
team leader, Gerard Depayre. said. 

It was “certainly not commensurate 
wife fee weight of China in the world 
economy, not commensurate wife eco- 
nomic realities in China,” he said. 

Although he said four days of dis- 
cussions between China and the EU had 
yielded no immediate results, he still 
described fee talks as constructive. 

Europe and the United States expect 
China to offer several concrete actions 

or pledges of market access in exchange 
for WTO membership. 

But what China presented at this 
week's meetings — which covered the 
service sector only — was largely “a 
photograph of fee current regime” that 
did not even include progressive ini- 
tiatives already undertaken by some lo- 
cal governments, Mr. Depayre said. 

“In practically all these sectors, we 
were told China had already consid- 
erably opened up and that there was 
intention to continue to do so,” he said. 

He emphasized, however, that the 
Chinese representatives were receptive 
to a wide-ranging EU input on what 
would be impliedby WTO membership 
and said Beijing's offer had been an 
improvement on its last one, presented 
in November. 

“We have a clear commitment that 
they are going to reflect on all these 
issues," said Mr. Depayre, who is the 
EU’s deputy director-gendral for ex- 
ternal relations. 

He said the true result of fee dis- 
cussions would be seen when China 
made its next offer, likely to be dis- 
cussed at a WTO working-party meet- 
ing at fee end of May. 

“We did not expect a miracle from 
this meeting," he said. 

The talks, which included top of- 
ficials from several Chinese ministries, 
focused on fee need for improved access 
to fee Chinese market for various ser- 
vice industries. 

Access to that huge market is of “ex- 
treme importance" to die European ser- 
vice industry. Mr. Depayre said. 


PAGE 14 




Investor’s America 

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tBtemwiaaal KenU Tribtnc 

Very briefly: 

Microsoft’s WebTV Plan 
Gets Close U.S. Scrutiny 

By Sieve Lotar 

New York Tbues Service 

head of the Justice Department's antitrust 

Microsoft executives do not view the 

In a sign of the U.S. government’s con- government’s request for information as 

tinuing jcrutiny of Microsoft Corp., the endangering the WebTV deal yet. 

of Justice looks 

Justice Department issued a formal request “Once the Department 
test week seeking internal documents con- into this more closely, we believe they will 

ceming Microsoft’s planned $425 million come to 


purchase of WebTV Networks Inc. 

a nascent 

that this acquisition is in 
ustry full of competition and 
id willit 

The accelerated government review of potential competition,” said William H. 
the WebTV acquisition proposal, legal ex- Neukotn, senior vice president and legal 

pens said, could be time-consuming and counsel for Microsoft. 

costly. But they said the stepped-up in- WebTV is a start-up producer of set-top 

vestigation — signaled by a second request boxes that bring the Internet to television 
for information — did not necessarily mean sets. With only 56,000 subscribes to its 

die Justice Department would challenge the Internet service, WebTV is a tiny company 

planned purchase. 

Under die merger laws, the government 

in a fledgling field. 

Yet as television steadily embraces the 

has 30 days to make a second request for digital technology of personal computers, a 


information after a company 

Justice Depart- business of delivering the Internet to living 

ly files major industry is expected to develop in the 


its acquisition plans. Tne Ji _ _ 

mentis San Francisco office sent its demand rooms via TV sets and a coming generation 

for further documents to Microsoft at the of information appliances. That opportu- 

ead of last week. 

nity is what attracted Microsoft to WebTV 

“A second request means the govern- and brought other major software compa- 
ment wards to investigate further, to see nies into the infant industry. 

whether they want to challenge the mer- Oracle Corp., as expected, announced 

ger,” said Charles F. Rule, a partner at Monday that it would buy control of Navio 
Covington & Burling, a law firm in Wash- Communications Inc., a start-up company 

Chrysler Nearing Cost-Cutting Goal 


that is developing Internet software for con- 

“The process can slow down a trans- sumer electronic devices. Navio was es- 
action, but you can’t assume that a second tablished by Netscape Communications 

AUBURN HILLS, Michigan (Bloomberg) — Robert 
Eaton, Chrysler Corp.'s chairman and chief executive, said 
Tuesday the automaker would hit its full-year cost-cutting 
target of $ 1 2 billion by the end of July and would cut a further 
$1 billion by early 1998. 

. “We're going to keep pushing to decrease costs, to de- 
crease our investment and to get more efficient in all areas of 
the business,” Mr. Eaton said in an interview. 

request means the government is going to Corp., a leading rival to Microsoft in die 
challenge a deal,” said Mr. Rule, a former Internet software market 

RATE: Stocks Rally as Fed Makes No Change 

Continued from Page 1 

Some economists have said the American 
economy is able to grow at rates that in the 
component of balance sheets” after five yeais of past have caused inflation because of in- 
appredation in the yen minimi?!*! the value of creased productivity that has nor been cap- 
overseas holdings. Now, he said, the govern- lured in official statistics. Mr. Greenspan has 
ment found it “politically expedient” to push admitted that productivity could be growing 
die dollar down to a range of 110 to 115 yen. . foster than has been measured, largely as a 
U.S. bond prices rose after the Fed’s meet- result of technological advances, 
trig, but the sharpest gains were in the short- Mr. Munro said, however, that the Fed was 
term sector. 'The yield on the market bell- unlikely to be abandoning its cautious stance 
■ on inflation. Now investors will have to wait 

UJS. STOCKS six more weeks, he said, to see what die central 

bank will do at its next meeting July 1 and 2. 

wether, die 30-year Treasury bond, was at Under Mr. Greenspan, die Fed has made 
i in late trading, down from 6.91 ‘ policy adjustments m a series of small moves 

6.89 percent 

percent Monday. over several months. Mr. Munro said it was 

Alan Greenspan, the Fed chairman, had possible, if unlikely, that the Fed would alter 
been priming Wall Street for rate increases its fed funds target before the next meeting, 
since December, when he said the sharp rally Trade Latimer, a market analyst in Char- 

in stock prices, which took the Dow indus- lottesville. Virginia, said die land of large- 
trials up. 26 percent in 1996 and 35 percent in capitalization stocks that made up the Dow 
1995, might reflect “irrational exuberance” industrials and the Standard & Poor’s 500- 
oo the part of investors. stock index were likely to appreciate in com- 

A1 though inflation is commonly equated mg months no matter what the Fed did- The 
with rises in consumer prices, Mr. Greenspan current trend among Americans to invest in 
said that die stock rally could lead to price tax-advantaged retirement accounts has led to 
pressures. His contention was that consumers “systematic savings on a scale that has never 
would feel they were affluent because their been known before.” 

£e™ * Profit Optimism Lifts Martel 

purchasing levels, putting upward p ress ure on Broad stock-market indexes were higher on 

prices. optimism that die Fed's action meant cor- 

In February, Mr. Greenspan went further, porate profits would not be crimped by higher 
saying the Fed might increase interest rates borrowing costs, news agencies reported, 
even if there were no visible signs of inflation The Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index 

in the economy. Yet his statements had little closed at 841.66 points, up 839, led by semi- 
long-tenn effect on stock prices, which con- conductor shares, which received a favorable 
turned to rise until March 25, when the Fed bill of health from Dataquest ; 

committee voted to increase its target for the The research firm's analysts said rising 
federal funds rate to 530 percent from the sales of mobile telephones, personal corn- 
previous 5.25 percent. puters and new products would help the global 

Although that sent stock prices sharply microchip industry grow between 9 percent 
lower, pushing the Dow below its Decern bar and 15 percent this year. The technology- 

composite index ended at 

TW’YT T A D _ pin* /> 9 n J levels, the market proved resilient and the blue heavy Nasdaq coi 

1/U I i I A rxJtl.e red Kains OTl ttlS IjliTTGTlCy S luTOuS chips began setting records again last month. 1363.88, up22.64. 

The March rate increase, however, drew IBM mid Boeing led the Dow industrials 
Efonke Sakaltibara, direc- mg die dollar cm a roller- protests from U.S. labor and business groups higher, offsetting a decline in Alcoa and 

Continued from Pane 13 

“Mr. Yen” for the weight his 
remarks cany on foreign-ex- 


eariierlevels. in Pelage terms, partly brxause of a decline SdS. 

in usedcar prices that has attracted some buyers away from lar?dy fueledbybrisk auto 
new vehicles. shipments and a 5.3 percent 

• Kmart Corp. is buying products made by China Tiancheng, fall in imports, 

a company owned by China's Army, a research group headed Toyota Motor Corp. 's ptes- 

by the human-rights activist HanyWu said. Mr. Wu said he had ident, Hiroshi Okuda. said the change markets, was quoted as 
presented evidence at Kmart’s annual meeting Tuesday that the yen’s recent suige against the saying that Tuesday’s fluctn- 
retailer purchased items of clothing last year from the company, dollar was within “reason- anon was “too wild” and un- 
Mr. Wu’s Laogai Research Foundation said it would soon able” levels and ruled out a desirable for the economy, 
release a list of at least 100 major U.S. retailers that buy products revival of trade friction with Seiroku Kajiyama, die of- 
from the 20 companies China’s military allegedly owns. the United States. 

• Home Depot Inc/s first-quarter earnings rose 33 percent “Reasonable 

fkial spokesman for the Jap- 

_ _ ___ exchange anese gove rnm ent, mean- 

aiid the net rocome of the chain’s 536 rates are between 1 10 yen and while, said theyen’s new singe 

stores rose to S258.8 million, or 53 cents a share, from $195 l ?0 .yen, and the rates are agamst the dollar would have 
million, or 41 cents, a year earlier. withm that range. Mr. Ok- various impacts on industry 

• Dayton HudsonCorp. raid its first-quarter profit uipied on "SSttZEL 

strong rwtite from its Target discount stores. The Min- ^ exports agerat Fuji Bank, said yen- 

neapolis-based retailer reported profit from operadons rose to would Irevive an autocade buying enthusiasm remained 

S126 million, or 55 cents a share, m the quarter ended May 3, - b 

from $42 million, or 17 cents, a year ago. 

strong, especially among Jap- 
“Tbe threat of a Japanese anese exporters converting 
• Ddgratia Muting Corp. of Canada said consultants had rate rise has caused investors their dollars, 
found “insignificant ’’ amounts of gold in a field near Las to panic,” said Philipa Interest-rate uncertainty 
Vegas; the company said it had been a victim of tampering and Mahngren, a currency dominated European finan- 

Was asking the polk* to investigate. Bloomberg, ap strategist at Bankers Trust. cial markets Tuesday, send- 


May 20, 1997 

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10IJO 101-17 101.42 * (LOO 241949 



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EStSdkS KA*cs 40.9M Wl97 94.17 9MP 94.14 

Man's BP«nM ISM30 all 59 



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JUI9L l>|3B 11440 11785 *100 11573 Jun99 9125 9111 9125 *083 80407 UGHTSWKrOCUDe MED 

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See 97 11340 1MJ0 1UJ5 

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£5* M -rvSS 7 :st ” ■«—** ln, ‘" - “ 

Mon'scoenW 40525 UD tH BRI7» POUND (CM9U 


Tuesday’s 4 P.M. Close 

The top 300 most oefive shareo 
up to the datag on WaB Sheet. 

77b Assocatad Pibss. 

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Sen 97 47100 47150 47430 
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Estste KA MnTasaW 130447 
Mart open H 410732 off 987 

Mira 49189 41.10 49I.M 
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AMrtQPenW 901*5 ip tU2 






Jt*97 J3» J280 J32I 

54097 JM TBO 3372 

Mora 74*4 J400 74M 

EsLsdte NA Mon 1 v SOW 5,934 


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MoniapwiM IMS UP 9 Estsdes NA Mart. Wes 20423 

Mart Open ins 81.417 rtf 12« 
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oetw an aos loss -411 3.173 

4147 N«2 

244400 246600 24^80 2^ 



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g*™l ?«SOO 749508 785500 784000 MOrtSU Irt - 4zSw^»' 

Spot 571000 572OO0 570500 5710.0Q MIXKJMVEO (CMBQ 
Fotwra57«O0 577000 575000 576000 nunra»Tt^p^ 

Ztec Bpcdol Hlpft GoM JUn97 .05713 .12515 ,1250 

3M* 1319, 1330', 132300 132400 5ep97 .12118 .QU ,12897 

Fotennl 133900 134000 134400 134500 Mar* .1125 .11710 .1125 

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Mai’S Open kt 93471 OR 1098 

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Jun 97 17M0 17SOO 177J5 UnctL 24544 
JUI77 18CJ0 17475 179J3 *030 11127 
AUfl 97 18200 17R75 lrjj *025 7.942 

Sept 97 18315 18050 WD0 *025 ISDI 
0097 ' ' 

18400 18100 184.75 *0J5 4273 

NOV 97 18475 18408 18400 *025 L664 
Dec 97 1 B& 2 S 1B5O0 186J5 + 0 JS 7 J3S 

Estaoles: 15,618. Open fill: 64*96 up 
10314 1^70 




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S*p^ Mil 944} MSI vUS 4B9 2!22 

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M «m NA Atan'Lides 615 
Mensepenm 10423 up 230 




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EB.HMt NA Moi l sales 1i47S 

Mon'ioeenrt 224625 tP> 2939 


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94Si »*J9 MAS *081230685 N«W 28.19 19J86 1989 -0.10 L982 

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9410 9*01 9408 Uoeh. 12LS84 

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9142 9559 9441 Uncft. 40399 

9539 95J4 9137 -001 30*39 

Stock butexw 


COCOA peso 

IB—WilLteni tiwte 

Wt7 1482 1417 1*0 

Stt 97 1509 1493 1495 

Dec 77 IfD 1528 tS) 

Mov 9* IS7S 1175 lift 

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Dee 97 96» SS Sat OTfl-DJ011JB6 

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The specialty chemicals 
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Our subsidiary SKW is help- 
ing to shape it 

■4^ VIAG. Creating enduring value. 

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Most Actives 

Dow Jones 


tedut 7185.19 731X35 715244 730344 <748) Stunt 

1 267443 261743 267144 *aE5 EM 

] 771 ^ >1846 221 55 -017 GCOSKS 

S 227749 SX354 227X71 *2249 ’ 


Standard & Poors 

t* Un. (Me 4PJL 
MPdMt 984J99 97644 96057 99U4 





£0073 401J6 607J2 412.17 
1041 19X61 193.14 19252 
9X85 93J0 93.10 94.94 

B35J2 828J7 83X27 841 46 
82070 81256 81846 828J2 

vul MK Iw ue a* 

71999 W fit «S 4 

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54739 375, 3M 37tt *1 

33419 346 3JW 34tt <>* 

5 M» «*t <2Vt 421% -H 

45796 S3 51A 57<t _ 

42534 6i a «t m *m 

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Stack Tables Explained 

Sain flporasm unolflcfoL Yamly M 0 s and loan Rflod it* pinian 52 waaks plus 8 « 
cafrartfwiek. bat non»»latB*nnjtftig day. Whet* a or dock dWWend amounting » 25 

peroenlonnorehtsiiganpomiieyenrtlilBli-liwriansf end tfivBend mo shown fa inte ne w 
stodtsonly. UnteKottWWla 00*6, TBteo<dMd«6i art mmooir 

ids based on 

a - dhklmd ala «dra W- b - aaanal rate of Aridmd piss stock dMdenl c - DauMaflna 
PE«oonds99jd6-adBd.d-m ywaty ta«i.«-lBSlnttwtwn2 monllB. 
a - dMdend dedarad or paM In pncotftig 72 moaihs. ( - annual ml* inamsed ai last 
dedarttaag - dMdenMnOHndan fend* SubtscJ to 15% notHesJdeocofox .1 - divUend 

d8daBdafleraEHaK3lomd M dCRA|-d!v(flndpoMttiteyoB6«nWe4ddi8n«Lnrno 
odfen taken at kmsr dMdend meeting, k - dMdend dsdared or jmm this year an 
accumatallKbsae wtti (Mdembtaaman. m- anrool rat* mtaced on tat dedaraiion 

rengg begins mt he staff of iradfan! 

n- new Isaac to thepcsf 52 weeks. The Mgh-tow mngg begins wffli fte stmt of irtrfno. 
ad-nest day deanery. p-MM dMdend. annum rate unknown, WE - pri«aniliKisiHite 

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new yearty high, v-hwftig halted, d-io btrtswptay or reoelvPahlpwbSm^Woe^S 

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xw-tvllhour warrants. y-w-dMdend and sates In hAyU- yield, x- 

i in fun. 


1*4— alx .J-ivl ll V 


r ^Ott 

A Whiff of Trouble 
In Perfume Business 
Erodes LVMH Profit 



Working Longer - for What? 

New German Store Hours Fail to Increase Sales or Jobs 

PACE 15 

IX 5' 

- Uii 

- OiiCi 

itli thing 

CaapSrd by Cfco- Siflf Fmm Diipcmchts 

PARIS — LVMH Moet Hen- 
nessy Louis Vuitton SA said 
Thursday that 1996 profit fell 9 per- 
cent amid a slump in operating earn- 
ings for perfume and acharge for the 
sale of a stake in the British brewer 
Guinness PLC. 

The maker of Dom Perignon 
champagne, Christian Dior per- 
fumes and Louis Vuitton leather 
goods and bags said net profir fell to 
3.68 billion francs ($648.9 million), 
including the effects of a one-time 
charge of 61 5 million francs, largely 
for the sale of a 7 percent bolding in 

LVMH's purchase of a 61 .25 per- 
cent stake in die duty-free retailer 
DFS Group Ltd. last year overshad- 
owed the earnings report as investors 
searched for flints of a bigger Asia 
presence to help overcome flagging 
profit on cognac and fragrances. 

LVMH shares closed 6 francs 
lower at 1304, wiping out an initial 
gain of 4.8 percent as investors re- 
evaluated the near-term impact of 

Grundig’s Loss 
Widened in ’ 96 ; 
Layoffs Are Set 

Bloomberg News 

NUREMBERG — Grundig 
AG said Thursday that its op- 
erating loss widened by one-third 
in 1996 as prices for consumer- 
electronics goods fell, and the 
company laid out a plan it said 
would return it to profit in 1999. 

The company also said it 
would cut 1,700 of its current 
6.700 jobs this year, mostly in 
administrative areas. Grundig’s 
work force has already shrunk 
by 1,900 since Dec. 31 because 
the company sold some units 
and closed a factory. 

Grundig said its operating 
loss widened to 382 milli on 
Demsche marks ($227.4 mil- 
lion) from 288 million DM in 
1995. Its net loss, which in- 
cludes reorganization costs, 
narrowed to 553 million DM 
from 598 million DM. 

Sales fell 5 percent, to 333 
billion DM, as companies such 
as Siemens AG stopped selling 
products made by Gnmdig and 
marketed under other brands. 

LVMH’s purchase of a majority 
state in DrS. 

Volume was close to five times 
that of an average trading day, with 
909.703 shares traded, compared 
with an average of 194.781 a day 
over the past six months. 

“The initial share-price rise re- 
flected a strong presentation of the 
long-term benefits of DFS,” said 
Jonathan Goble, an analyst at BZW 
Ltd. “Since the meeting, the market 
has maybe focused more on a less 
positive short-term outlook, partly 
caused by a weak yen.” 

LVMH said its sales in 1996 rose 
ro 31.14 billion francs from 29.78 

Separately, Guinness announced 
a better-til an -expected rise of 11 
percent in its 1996 pretax profit, to 
£975 million ($136 billion), on 
strong sales of its signature stout 
beer and improved U.S. demand for 
premium Scotch whisky. 

Guinness’s shares closed at 500 
pence, up 16, in London. 

Investors seemed unworried by 
the breakdown of talks between 
LVMH and Robert Miller, who 
owns 38.75 percent of its DFS 
Group Ltd. unit, about the sale of 
Mr. Miller’s stake in DFS, which 
operates duty-free shops. 

LVMH's charge against earnings 
resulted from the sale of its state in 
Guinness for $934 milli on to help 
finance its purchase of DFS. 

LVMH bought 58 percent of DFS 
for $2.47 billion last year and later 
lifted its stake to 6135 percent 
The talks with Mr. Miller, the 
only other DFS shareholder, broke 
down Wednesday, LVMH said. 

“It wasn't worth spending 9 bil- 
lion francs to exploit the synergies 
that exist between LVMH and DFS.’ ' 
said LVMH’s chairman. Bernard 
Arnault, speaking for the first time 
about the price that had been offered 
to Mr. Miller for his shares. 

Mr. Miller said Wednesday that 
LVMH had gone back on an agree- 
ment in principle, reached last 
month, to acquire his stake. He said 
be expected to take legal action. 

Characterizing the talks as “dif- 
ficult,” Mr. Arnault said the com- 
pany and Mr. Miller had agreed to 
manage DFS jointly and that LVMH 
would not rule out making another 
offer for Mr. Miller’s state later. 

Mr. Arnault said Thursday that 
LVMH would spread the cost of its 
acquisition of most of DFS over 40 
years, rather than 25 to 30 years as 
previously planned, so the cost would 
have less impact on each year's re- 
sults. (Bloomberg, Reuters ) 

Bloomberg News 

BONN — Longer store opening hours in Germany 
have failed to reverse a five-year slump in tire retail 
induspy and have created few new jobs, the retail 
association HDE said Thursday. 

In a survey of 2300 retailers conducted by the 
association, about 86 percent said they had extended 
their store hours in response to a new law allowing 
them to do so. Few, however, said sales had risen as a 

“Regardless of the city, very few retailers have 
seen positive sales results compared with the year 
before,” the retail association said. 

While stores in large cities expressed the most op- 
timism about tire effects of extended store hoots, only - 
25 percent said sales bad increased, compared with the 
year-earlier period, since the law took effect Nov. 1. 

The law. which was opposed at various times by 
many industry groups including the retailers' as- 
sociation, allows retailers to remain open until 8 P-M. 
during the week and 4 P.M. on Saturdays. Most stores 
are still forbidden from opening on Sundays. 

“The consumers are reacting much more slowly 
than we expected” the president of the HDE, Her- 
mann Franzen. said He added that a full liber- 
alization of store hours was “years away.” 

Overall, only 15 percent of retailers that have 
adopted longer hours have increased employment as 
a result, the retail association said 

“At the moment, the longer opening hours are 
resulting in higher costs which are proving difficult to 

compensate for,” Mr. Franzen said. “A department 
store in a big city roust increase its sales by at least 2 
percent to cover the personnel and operating costs of 
staying open longer.” 

The association said it expected retail sales in 
Gennany to stagnate this year after falling an in- 
flation-adjusted 1 3 percent in 1996. 

German shopkeepers have seen sales rise only 
slightly or decline for five years. In recent months, 
soaring unemployment, which in February was at a 
postwar high of 4.67 million people, has further 
battered consumer confidence and spending. 

The retailers' association, however, said it ex- 
pected consumer spending power to rise by 10 billion 
to 12 billion Deutsche marks ($5.9 billion to $7.1 
bimbo) if tite government pushed through its planned 
reductions in. corporate and personal income taxes. 

■ Consumer Prices Rise Less Than Expected 

Consumer prices in Western Germany rose less 
than expected in February, and economists said tins 
showed that inflation was not a threat to the German 
economy, Bloomberg reported from Wiesbaden. 

West German consumer prices rose a revised 03 
percent in the month to mid-February, down from 03 
percent a month earlier, the Federal Statistics Office 

Separately, the Bundesbank left interest rates un- 
changed at its meeting, as expected, amid signs the 
economy was on the way to faster growth in the 
second quarter. 

3600 - 
3400 - 

3200 - — 

VI r 


FUSE 106 


O N D J F M 
1996 1997 

O N D 



Amsterdam AEX 
.Brussels 80_-29'': 
Frankfurt PAX ■■ j 
Copenhagen ~ Stock Maric^T 
Hotel a*?. . HEXGeoeraf 

Thursday Prev. " 
•Cfooe.’,. . Close .Change 
' 7ldai ; 73S.04. -&3B 

■ dymsi ■ 2,19^12 -254 

. S&&. ' 54753 -1.75 
■;^75«58:-, : i855L84 ' -1:90 


. Parts V . 
Stockholm ' 
yfenna ' ; 
Zurich . 

Source: Teiekurs 

. Stock Exchange; 
fcBBTEL . *■ • ■ 

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| ~ : •• i^pslso ' t&am '-oar 

iHaitMionol Herald Tritanc 

British Steel to Speed Up Job Cuts 

CorpUrd by Otr Sufi Fmm Oopodtrs 

LONDON — British Steel PLC 
said Thursday it would speed up 
plans to cut costs and jobs as the 
strength of the pound bit into its 
competitiveness in an industry 
already suffering from overcapacity. 

Executives of the steelmaker, one 
of the most efficient in Europe, are to 
meet with union representatives Fri- 
day to discuss the plans and changes 
in working practices. 

The news comes with German 
steelworkers having taken to the 
streets this week to protest Knrpp 

Hoesch AG's proposed hostile bid 
for the rival steelmaker Thyssen 
AG. The two companies began talks 
Thursday at a secret location in Ger- 
many on a possible merger to avoid 
a takeover battle. 

Thousands of Krupp and Thyssen 
steelworkers, meanwhile, held a 
meeting in Dortmund to oppose the 
proposed merger, which would 
probably mean the loss of many of 
their jobs. Thyssen workers in Duis- 
burg who had held a two-day stop- 
page went back ro work Thursday. 

British Steel has cot its work 

force from almost 200.000 in the 
early 1980s to 53,000 worldwide 
today. In November, the company 
said its first-half pretax profit fell by 
more than half, to £262 million 
($418.7 million). 

A British Steel representative said 
there would be a “ significant in- 
crease in the level of job reductions” 
beginning in the next financial year. 

The spokesman said there would 
be no plant closures, however. 

British Steel’s shares rose 1 pence 
to close at 159. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters. AFP) 

Warning on Monetary Union Delay 


TOULOUSE, France — The 
European Union commissioner for 
monetary affairs said Thursday that 
any delay to economic union would 
be legally impossible and would re- 
quire a change to the Maastricht 

In a speech here to French farm- 
ers, the commissioner, Yves-Thi- 
bault de Silguy, also said that the 
move toward launching a single cur- 

rency in January 1999 was irrevers- 
ible and that no politician was se- 
riously considering a delay. 

Speculation about a delay to mon- 
etary union has been fueled by doubts 
about whether Germany, meant to be 
Europe’s model economy, can cut its 
budget deficit to 3 percent of gross 
domestic product this year to meet 
the Maastricht criteria. 

But Mr. De SiJguy said delay 
would be politically dangerous. “It 

would open the way to a major Euro- 
pean crisis, for it would show that 
the European Union is not capable 
of respecting its commitments.” 

It would also be “economically 
suicidal.’ ’ encouraging intense pres- 
sure to ease up on budgetary re- 
straint. He added: “Delay would 
lead unavoidably to a rise in interest 
rates, a worsening in unemployment 
and, undoubtedly, monetary turbu- 

Very briefly; 

• Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, the German luxury car- 
maker, reported an 1 8 percent increase in net profit in 1 996. to 
820 million Deutsche marks ($487 million), an improvement 
analysts attributed to strong demand for its higher-priced 
models and a weaker Deutsche mark. 

• Bayerische Vereinsbank AG said net profit rose 32 per- 
cent, to 869 million DM, in 1996, as interest income in- 

• Canal Plus SA shares surged on news that the pay-tele- 
vision company was reaching compromises with rivals in its 
fragmented markets. Shares of Canal Plus closed up 4.78 
percent, at 1 , 1 1 8 French francs ($ i 97). 

• Kuoni Travel Holding AG. Europe’s third-largest travel 
company, reported a 33 percent increase in net profit for 1 996 
to a record 69.4 milli on Swiss francs ($48 million). 

• Juan VOlalonga, chairman of Telefonica de Espana SA. 
said newspaper reports that the company would sell part of its 
lucrative Latin American operations to British Telecom- 
munications PLC were “false.” He said the company was 
still talking with other telecommunications firms. 

• Hans Dalborg, chief executive of Sweden’s state-con- 

trolled Nordbanken AB, said he was prepared to negotiate 
with Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken AB, Sweden's third- 
largest bank, about a merger again if the owners agreed. 
Merger talks between the two banks collapsed in early Feb- 
ruary. Bloomberg. Reuters 

EU Clears 5- Why Telecom Pact 


BRUSSELS — The European Commission said 
Thursday that it had cleared an agreement between five 
leading European phone companies to create a digital 
telecommunications network. 

But it warned it was watching to ensure that the compa- 
nies — British Telecommunications PLC. Deutsche 
Telekom AG, France Telecom, Telecom Italia and Tele- 
fonica de Espana — did not discriminate when leasing 
lines on the Global European Network to competitors. 


Thursday's 4 PJN. Close 

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PACE 17 

Net Profit [~ " 7J7" ~ 

At Jar dine Hanoi and Beijing Joust at Sea Again 

_ c.-vLrdt? a* some domestic gas capabilities." have to buy 28 million to 30 million scarce to be able to tell. The nearest 

I nt|\mr« *^vP U/ HANOI — China and Vietnam The site is about 600 miles i960 tons of crude oil abroad this year. field to the disputed region that is 

Lr J. \f|J9 mO / Q Y 6 thirsting for power, and it kilometers) north of the Spratlys in A similar story applies to Vi- producing petroleum is operated 

; . JT threatens to lead them toward yet the South China Sea. But its lo- ecnam, which had economic by Atlantic Richfield Co. That is in 

rry another clash in the South China cation may help explain the dispute, growth last year of 9 A percent. The undisputed Chinese waters about 

Une-l UJie LtflOTQBS which broke out March 7 when a country’s supply of electricity is 25 miles to the northeast. 

® * he power they are seeking Chinese oil rig expected to That field has estimated reserves 

Hurt 1996 Results 2^JZ2!l \ / Km china hong ^ SIri b ,^ 

.i : 0 600 _ ^ -i 

. Hong Kong , * 

Hang Seng ' ! .:Stfarts w»S': 

. viws;. 

Crmpdrd trr Om Frm Duptaches 

■ HONG KONG — Jardine Math- 
• esoo Holdings Ltd., the oldest Brit- 
. isb trading company operating in 
Hong Kong, said Thursday its net 
profit slumped 28-5 percent in 1 996, 
ty $300.2 million, as one-time 
charges and weak consumer de- 
mand in key Asian markets hurt 

’ Sales for the trade, finance and 
real -estate conglomerate rose 9.] 
percent, to $11.61 billion. 

* Pretax profit was $703.9 million, 
down 1 7 percent from the previous 
yjear. Operating profit was down 1 9 
percent, at $264.4 million. 

J Jardine Matheson said the deteri- 
oration in its results was largely due 
to nonrecurring items, most of them 
related to discontinued activities 
and ’‘repositioning costs.” 

’ The conglomerate realized a one- 
tune gain of $102.6 million on the 
. sale of Unit Merchant Finance Ltd., 
a.' finance company. It posted a loss 
of $47 million from the closure of its 
3 9 Sizzler restaurants in Australia. 

* Jardine Fleming Securities Co., 
the company's joint- venture invest- 
ment bank, was helped by rising 
world stock and bond markets, but it 
had to pay about $20 million in fines 
and restitution for violating fund- 
njanagement rules last year. 

Jardine *s trading and distribution 
division was held back last year by 
weak consumer demand in Japan 
and Hong Kong, the company said. 
Jardine International Motors Hold- 
ings Ltd. posted a 36 percent decline 
in net profit, to $68.9 million. 

■ Profit from the conglomerate's 
nftain unlisted unit, Jardine Pacific 
Ltd., was $94 million, down 7 per- 
cent from 1995. 

* ’‘This was primarily due to weak- 
er performances at its Pizza Hut 
operations and shipping activities.” 
it said. Jantine Matheson shares, 
which are denominated in LT.S. dol- 
lars. closed unchanged at $5.80 in 
Singapore trading. 

. (AFP. Bloomberg. Bridge News) 

C.«piW (j Our jhgTf-Vian 

HANOI — China and Vietnam 
are thirsting for power, and it 
threatens to lead them toward yet 
another clash in the South China 

The power they are seeking 
comes from petroleum, and the 
latest dispute is over exploration 
rights at a site no one is certain will 
yield much of a prize. 

The two countries are staking 
claims to an area east of Vietnam's 
third-largest city. Da Nang, and 
south of China’s Hainan Island. It 
is the fourth time they have gone 
head to head over such a site, in- 
cluding a brief but bloody skirmish 
over the Spratly Islands in 1988. 

Behind all these disputes is a 
need for both countries to fuel their 
economic growth, which gives 
them a growing appetite for energy 
resources, analysts and company 
officials say. 

“This is simply the reflection of 
a foreign policy being driven by 
economic necessity,” a veteran 
diplomat in Hanoi said. 

“Definitely it's important to the 
Chinese,” said Declan Ryan, a 
specialist on China at Wood Mack- 
enzie Consultants Ltd. in Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, referring to the 
latest site. ‘"The area offers China 

moved into the FT ZIJ ~ 
area. Because { Km - 

the site is more 0 "z 

likely to con- 

tain gas than ' ) ' \t’4c 

oil, analysts /Thailand ■. 

say, it would 

need to be camboduv 

close enough - jftl JTW, v 
to its potential ' v •t/f • A c *- y 
market for a 

pipeline to be * vi'.- i ^ 

built Unlike *TV‘ 
the Spratlys. 

which are gauL 

about 800 L2ia — ^ 
miles from the 
Chinese main- 
land. this site is only 75 miles south 
of H ainan and 65 miles east of the 
Vietnamese coast. 

With one of the world's fastest- 
growing economies, China faces 
soaring energy needs. The country 
became a net importer of crude oil 
for the first time in 1995 and im- 
ported 20 million tons of crude last 
year. Analysts figure that China will 

have to buy 28 million to 30 million 
tons of crude oil abroad this year. 

A similar story applies to Vi- 
etnam, which had economic 
growth last year of 9/5 percent. The 
country’s supply of electricity is 
expected to 
A HWQ fell 2-8 billion 

kong kilowatt-hours 

^ anv*..:- short of de- 
J^fvT-r.T'v. " : v mand next 
■' f* \ year, accord- 
ing to Electri- 
ciry of Viet- 
v nam ’ , its 

— L— : . teb&qag. monopoly pro- 

: /£- power, and de- 
msmd “ fore - 
cast to triple 
over the next 

rm^- / V s decade - 

— 1 R^T 

certainly go- 
ing to be a 
growing need for energy in Vi- 
etnam,' said Jonathan Akerman, 
the Hanoi manager for AnzoU NL 
of Australia, which is exploring for 
natural gas in the Red River delta 
east of Hanoi. “It will be tied in 
with the growth of the economy.” 

The wild card is the question of 
how much petroleum is at the new 
site. Analysts say the data are too 

L vr79i^\'^ • J 

scarce to be able to tell. The nearest 
field to the disputed region that is 
producing petroleum is operated 
by Atlantic Richfield Co. Thai is in 
undisputed Chinese waters about 
25 miles to the northeast. 

That field has estimated reserves 
of 3.5 trillion cubic feet, Mr. Ryan of 
Wood Mackenzie Consultants said. 
That pales in comparison with, say, 
Indonesia’s Natuna field, which is 
estimated to have 46 trillion cubic 
feet of recoverable reserves. 

Still, Atlantic Richfield's find is 
big enough for the venture to be 
profitable, and it would make up 
between 20 percent and 25 percent 
of Vietnam's known natural-gas 
reserves. The problem is, even if 
such reserves are found, there are 
□o immediate prospects for settling 
the question of whether the pipeline 
would go to Vietnam or to China. 

Neither side shows any sign of 
backing down on its claim. Tran 
Xuan Thuy. a spokesman for die 
Vietnamese Foreign Ministry, said, 
“When it is necessary, Vietnam 
will, on its own or with foreign 
partners, cany out exploration in its 
exclusive economic zone.” 

Beijing, meanwhile, has been no 
less firm in defending its right to 
explore in the area. 

( Bloomberg , Reuters ) 



‘i30oa --A/ - 


12000 / 

11500-q ■ n’ p 


. exchange ■ 

o N D 

. Exchange • • . fr&oc ) ;•>, v v ; ' 

• • . :>. ♦ * * VaA' ’ 

Ho ng Kong Hang Sgqy -- « ; r 4 
Singapore * Strtiterfkwea ' 

20000 — 

..19000 H 


77 Mt; 17000 o n' D' 

1907' 1996 


To|ty6''. ^ 

Ku^Umipur Composite" v " 

Bantfcofej;.' • SET W* 
Seour ’• . 


tEsStS: - •• PS£ '• <. ” '' ; <Vi 

Slump Stunts Singapore Exports 

Weak Electronics Shipments Put Growth Targets in Doubt 

Bloomberg News 

SINGAPORE — Non-oil exports fell 7.9 
percent in February from a year earlier, 
according to data released Thursday, amid a 
continued slump in the electronics industry, 
raising concern that first-quarter economic 
growth may not meet expectations. 

Slock prices plunged after the report by 
Singapore's Trade Development Board 
showed that non-oil exports fell to 5.5 
billion Singapore dollars ($3.82 billion). 

The Straits Times industrial index of 30 
stocksfeil J. 1 9 percent, or 25. 1 3 points, to 
close at 2,095.43. its lowest level since 
Nov. 6. The DBS50 Index of 50 stocks, 
which includes banks and property shares, 
fell 0.61 percent, or 331 points, to 538.81. 
It was the seventh consecutive daily de- 
cline for both indexes. 

With exports so weak, “it’s unlikely” 
that the economy will meet expectations 

for growth of between 5 percent and 53 
percent annually in the first quarter, said 
Ng Bok Eng, an economist at Deutsche 
Morgan Grenfell. 

In addition, “the weak figure in Feb- 
ruary lowered the chances of a recovery in 
the second quarter.” Andy Tan. an econ- 
omist at MMS International, said. 

The February fall in non-oil exports 
reflected “the continued sluggish global 
demand for electronics products, partic- 
ularly semiconductors.” the Singapore 
Trade Development Board said. Electronic 
goods account for about two-thirds of 
Singapore's exports and about half of its 
gross domestic product 

Non-oil exports, which exclude oil 
products and goods that pass through 
Singapore, are closely monitored as a key 
indicator of the health of Singapore's ex- 
port-oriented economy. 

Guangdong Investment Unit 
Gets Strong Response to Offer 


HONG KONG — GITIC Enterprises Ltd.’s initial public 
offering is expected to be between 900 and 1,000 times 
subscribed, a level of demand that would make it one of the 
most successful new issues on the Hong Kong exchange, 
market sources said Thursday. 

GITIC Enterprises, which is indirectly controlled by the 
Guangdong provincial government's investment arm. Guang- 
dong International Trust & Investment Corp.. imports and 
sells construction materials in Hong Kong and China. It also 
owns part of a shopping mall at GITIC Plaza in Guangzhou. 

Despite talk this week that the offering had hit a snag, 
investors rushed to order the shares before the offering's 
subscription period expired Thursday, the sources said. 

The company offered 100 million new shares at 1 .05 Hong 
Kong dollars (14 U3. cents) each. Trading in the shares is due 
to begin Wednesday. The company said it would announce 
results of the subscription offer Monday. Analysts said the 
small size of the issue, the prospects of future asset injections 1 
and GITIC's ties to one of the main financial institutions in 
Guangdong had made the issue particularly attractive. 

CRACK: Computer-Security Experts Unravel Cell Phones’ Code 

, Continued from Page 13 

of California at Berkeley researcher who 
Was a member of the team that broke tire 
code. “We can use this as a lesson and 
sive ourselves from more serious vul- 
nerabilities in the future.” 

' Communications-industry technical 
experts, made aware of the security flaw 
this year, have been meeting to deter- 
xqine whether it is too late to improve the 
system’s privacy protections. 

. Already, the digital technology is in 
use in metropolitan areas, including 
New York and Washington, where 
. either the local cellular networks have 
been modified to support digital tech- 
nology or new so-called wireless per- 
sonal communications services are be- 
ing offered. 

‘ ‘We’re already in the process of cor- 
recting this flaw,” said Chris Carroll, an 
engineer at GTE Laboratories, who is 
chairman of the industry committee that 
oversees privacy standards for cellular 

. But Greg Rose, a software designer 
for the Qualcomm Inc., a leader in digital 
cellular systems, said that fixing the flaw 
would be “a nightmare.” 

• Ti ghtenin g tiie security system, he 
said, would involve modifying software 
already used in the computerized net- 
work switching equipment that routes 
wireless digital telephone calls, as well 

as the software within individual 

Currently, about 45 million Amer- 
icans have cellular phones, though most 
of them are based on an older analog 
standard that offers no communications 

But cellular companies are gradually 
converting their networks to the new 
digital standard, and the new personal 
communication services networks going 
into operation around the country also 
employ the digital-encryption system. 
Nearly 1 million PCS phones have been 
sold in the United States, according to 
cellular industry figures. 

Besides Mr. Wagner, the researchers 
who cracked the code were Mr. Scfaneier 
and John Kelsey of Counterpane Sys- 
tems. a Minneapolis-based consulting 
firm. Mr. Schneier is the author of a 
textbook on cryptography. 

Industry executives acknowledged 
that steps had to be taken to address the 

“We need strict laws that say it is 
illegal to manufacture or to modify a 
device which is designed to perpetrate 
the illegal interception of PCS telephone 
calls.’ ’ said Thomas Wheeler, president 
of the Cellular Telephone Industry As- 
sociation. a Washington-based trade 

Mr. Wheeler said the weaker privacy 
technology had been adopted not simply 

to meet the government’s objections but 
because makers of wireless-communi- 
cations hardware and software had 
wanted to embrace a technical standard 
that would meet federal export regu- 
lations. Those rules, based on national- 
security considerations, sharply curtail 
the potency of American-made encryp- 
tion technology. 

The three computer researchers who 
broke the code belong to an informal 
group of technologists who say that 
powerful data-scrambling technologies 
are essential to protect individual pri- 
vacy in the current information age. 

These technologists argue that the 
best way to ensure that the strongest 
security codes are developed is to con- 
duct tiie work in a public forum . They are 
sharply critical of the current industry 
standaori-setting process, which has 
made a trade secret of the underlying 
mathematical formulas used ’to create 
die security codes. 

“Our work shows clearly why you 
don’t do this behind closed doors,” Mr. 
Schneier said. “I’m angry at the cell- 
phone industry because, when they 
charged to the new technology, they had 
a choice to protect privacy, and they 

Mr. CaiTOll said the industry’s privacy 
committee planned to revise the process 
for reviewing proposed technical stan- 


2»», Boulevard Fmnunud Scrvait. L-2555 Ijjr.emboiu^ 
R.C. Luxembourg ELM 


Messieurs Jcr .icnonruircs M*nt comoques par le pnrsem avis .» 
qm sc nendra au siet»e s*>cul » Luxembourg lc ler arvril 1997 & 
15 b 00. avee 1‘wdrc do jour su iranr : 


1. Corapte Rcodu d’Acmm- du Conscrl d’Admims nation pour l’exeracc 
sc icrminanr lc 31 dccembrc 19%; 

2. Rjpport du Reviseur dTuirrcp rises pour rexeiaci: sc tenninam lc 
31 decern bre l f} %; 

3. Adoption ties comptcs dc I’cxeTricc sc rcrnunani le 31 dccembre 

4. AiTccuuon du rcsultu dc 1’cxcicicc sc rerminant le 31 decern bre 

5. Dechar^e aux Admirostnneur* ec ju Reviseur d'Enocpnscs pour 
I'cxcrdce >e renniruni k- 3J deccmbrc 1°%; 

o. Nomuutirm des orpines socuux- 

- Nomination dcs Administrators; 

- Nomination du Reviseur cTEmrcprises; 

7. Divers. 

1-rs acrionnaires sonr in formes qu'aucun quorum n'est requis pour cent 
assembler et que les decisions sent pnscs a b rmionic simple des actions 
presences ou representees. 

Chaque action a un droit dc vorc. 

Tout action ruire petit voter par mantiauire. A cecrc fin. des procurations 
sont dispo rubles au suege sccul et scroni envoy ces aux action rail cs sur 

Afin d’etre valables. les procurations dumcnc signets par les acncmnaircs 
devront cue envoyces au siege social a (in d’etre revues le |our preccdant 
Cass cm Wet a 17 heurex au plus card. 

Les propnetaires d’actions au portcur, desirant participer a cette 
assembler, devzonr deposer I curs actions anq jours ouvrablcs avant 
I 'assembler au siege social de b sorieui. 

Les actionnaitts desire us. d'obtenir le Rapport Annuel Auditc au 
31 decern b re I'Wti peuvem s’adresser au siege social de la scoere. 

four la sodere, 

- Socictc Anonymc - 
20, boulevard Emmanuel Servais 


( Bombay 

Soured: Tefekurs luciraucruri Herald Trihme 

Very brief ys 

• Adnan Kfaashoggi, the Saudi tycoon, will take legal action 
against Thai authorities if they do not drop charges against him 
of conspiring to defraud the ailing Bangkok Bank of Com- 
merce PLC, the newspaper A1 Sharq al Aw sat reported. 

• North Korea’s economy shrank for tiie seventh consecutive 
year in ) 996. by an estimated 3 percent, when harvests met just 
over half of the nation’s needs, a South Korean government 
report said. 

• Beijing officials' plans to limit the number of new cars 
permitted on the streets have aroused concerns among man- 
ufacturers and sparked an auto-buying spree by some worried 
consumers, the China Daily reported. 

• Robert Rubin, the U.S. Treasury secretary, will visit Vi- 
etnam April 6-8 to discuss a possible trade agreement 

• Cheung Kong Infrastructure Holdings Ltd. repented net 
profit of 886 million Hong Kong dollars ($1 14 million) for 
1996. up 56 percent from pro-forma results for 1995. 

• PT Telkom's net profit for 1996 rose 66 percent, to 1-503 
trillion rupiah ($624.8 million) as the Indonesian phone 
company warned that future growth could be threatened by 
increasing competition in the domestic market 

• Taiwan has eased restrictions on nonlife insurance compa- 

nies to allow them to offer long-term loans and flexible 
insurance rates, according to the China Economic News 
Service. Rouen. AFP, Bloomberg 


Registered Office* 

16, Boulevard Royal 


(modifications ta kin g effect on April 1, 1997) 

Referring to the version dated September 1, 1994, the 
following modifications have been brought about 

New Version; 

First paragraph 

The issue price of unite in a Sub-Fund includes the net asset 
value of a unit in that Sub-Fund calculated in accordance with 
Article 7 of these Regulations, increased by a commission 
which will not exceed 59b of the net asset value; this 
commission includes all commissions payable lo banks and 
financial establishments taking part in the placement of the 
units. - 1 

First paragraph 

Ow ners of anils may apply at any lime for redemption of their 
units, which will be affected al the net asset value ruling at that 
time, decreased by a commission which will not exceed 050% 
of the net asset value: this commission indudes all commissions 
payable lo banks and financial establishments taking part in the 
redemption of the units. 

Fifth paragraph 

relevant net asset value per unit. Payment will be made in US 
Dollars, Swedish Kronora, Norwegian Kronen or in the base 
currency of the Sub-Fund within ten bank business days 
following the corresponding Valuation Day. 

Luxembourg, March 12, 1997. 



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PAGE 18 

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from across Western 
Europe. Canada and the 
United States, this multicul- 
tural school also offers an 
MBA in international gen- 
eral management, with 
optional specializations in 
environmental manage- 
ment and international mar- 
keting management. 

Unlike most business 
schools, this one does not 
require students to take the 
GMAX to be admitted. For 
more information about a 
NIMBAS graduate pro- 
gram in Utrecht (or any- 
where in the Netherlands), 
check with the degree 
equivalency center at 
NUFFIC in The Hague 

- BH44Q4N0 ' 

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We offer education and uamiog for 
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Universiteit van Amsterdam 

International Study Programs 

The Untversaeii van Amsterdam is an intemaitonaUy oriented 
university, nutated right in the center of the cosmopolitan ary of 
Amsterdam. With us 23.000 students and over 60 Study 
programs, it is one of the largest u ni vers it ies at the Netherlands. 

There is an extensive range of possibilities for foreign students. 
The Unmerntek van Amsterdam offers over 30 international 
programs - all taught in English - at undergraduate and 
graduate level which can be concluded xczth credits, a 
Certificate, a Master’s degree or a Ph.D. degree. 

A few examples of robot 
the Umvmitcis von Amsterdam has to offer: 

The International School • offers a wide variety of MA 
Degree and Certificate programs in die Social Sciences 
and che Humanities. a.o European Studies, International 
Relations, Philosophy and Cultural Analysis. Asia 
Studies and a summer course on Sexuality, Culture and 
Society (hnp^/nrww.pscw.uvaml/access/). 

The D AS A -program ■ Discourse and Argumentation 
Studies at Amsterdam. 

ILLC * offers a Graduate program in the foundations 
and applications of Logic (http://www.wi na.uvajil 
i rcsearch/iiic/mol/mo! Jnmi). 

A51R » The Amsterdam School of International 
Relations ( ASIR) offers postgraduate programs in 
European Union Business Law (LLM-X International 
Trade Law (LL Jd.) and International & European 
Relations (h ftp://www.asir.jil). 

Although all the International Study Programs are caught 
in English students also have the possibility to learn Dutch 
at the InsUUau voor Neder lands ids Tweed* Tool (INTT) 
which offers Dutch language courses at various levels. 

I would like to have more ut fotmaiim an: 

O the Inrazutioml Study Programs in general 
O the Intenational Study Program 

Name ... 

Address — , 



Please return tin coupon vs: 

Uaneniieit *an Amsterdam 
Bureau Contract rndrnsTji 
P.O. Box I 926 S 

1000 GG Amsterdam, The Netherlands 
TefcOl) 20 - 525 5405 
Fax: (31) 20 - 525 2771 


You can find information on all our programs on the Internet 

UvA |jl de Universiteit van Amsterdam. 

(http^/beavis.nuffi ). 

With an attractive new 
bridge over the River Maas 
and a recent pop song 
singing the port city’s prais- 
es. Rotterdam is bursting 
with civic pride. Its School 
of Management reflects the 
fresh spirit Offering a wide 
range of degree and non- 
degree programs, the RSM, 
like its port, specializes in 
looking outward. 

Probably more than any 
other facet, the school's 
out-of-house activities have 
gained it a high standing 
among European business 
schools. These include in- 
company training programs 
as well as international stu- 
dent exchanges, summer 
internships and company 
recruitment schemes. 

Career planning 
On top of the standard com- 
pany presentations, the 
RSM’s career planning 
techniques comprise re- 
sume and interview work- 
shops. a student resume 
book, alumni panels and a 
vast daiabase of RSM con- 
tacts. The school is interna- 
tional not only in its diverse 
faculty and student popula- 
tions. but also in its job 
placements. In 1995 and 
’96, 80 percent of job offers 
came from non-Dutch com- 
panies. with consulting 
firms in the majority. 

According to Matt 
Symonds at Kaplan Edu- 
cational Center in Paris, the 
word is that ‘"highly selec- 
tive recruiters are increas- 
ingly turning to RSM.** 
Nijenrode, located near 
Amsterdam, also has an 
international orientation. 
Dynamic and cosmopolitan 
on the one hand. Dutch and 
Old World on the other, the 
business school belies its 
medieval castle setting by 
maintaining an excellent 
business Web server 
Instead of merely promot- 
ing itself on the Web, how- 
ever, the school has created 
a system connected to an 
excellent selection of ihe 
world's business databases. 

The school also has its 
own international manage- 
ment journal (in Dutch). 

Nijenrode is one of the 
schools that is represented 
at the more prestigious 
MBA fairs around the 

Along with many others. 
Nijenrode will fee at the 
MBA Fair at the Brussels 
Exhibition Center (next to 
the Atomium) on Saturday. 
March 22 and at the 
GMAC MBA forums in 
Paris, Frankfurt. Hong 

Some schools 
mix a dash of 
European subtlety 
vrith an A m e rica n- 
style system, and 
just go global 

Kong. Tokyo and Seoul in 
May and June. 

Beacon Hill in Brussels 
For more than a century. 
Boston’s Emerson College 
has been known for its lib- 
eral arts programs, offered 
in conjunction with com- 
munications arts and sci- 
ences. Hav ing branched out 
to Europe, the Beacon Hill 
Bostonians are now well- 
situated on Avenue Louise 
in the posh Ixelles district 
of Brussels, where the 
school offers an M.A. in 
global marketing and 

In the 12-month pro- 
gram, students can choose 
from courses in intercultur- 
al communication, interna- 
tional negotiation and dis- 

pute resolution, and buyer 
behavior and audience 
analysis. They can also take 
an internship in the Pacific 
Rim or travel to Boston and 
enroll in the latest in new 
media and digital culture 

Among the business and 
management schools in 
Brussels, including Boston 
University and Solvay, the 
United Business Institute 
has a certain drive to iL It 
sprang from Mercer 
University in Atlanta and 
Macon. Georgia: the uni- 
versity was founded in the 

19th century' by a Baptist 
educator, pastor and poeL 

Always ranked high in 
Lhe Southern region. Mer- 
cer and its business school. 
Stetson- bill their European 
branch as the “number one 
business school in 

Brussels.” The rating 

comes from Le Guide du 

MBA by DUNOD of Paris, 
which listed UBI and 
Rotterdam in its European 
MBA top 1 0. For a side-by- 
side listing of the better- 
known business school 
rankings. see www. European 
MBA programs are ranked 
in TIME magazine as well 
as by the Business Educa- 
tion Commission at www. 

The high standing stems 
from “our quest for quali- 
ty,’’ says Francois d’Ane- 
than. UBI's dean. UBI 
offers a bachelor’s and 
master’s degree in interna- 
tional management as well 
as an open invitation to 
study in Dixie. • 

Graduates Et MBAs 

attend the 

Careers Forum 

of the Global Management Conference 


11-12 April 1997 

BeursVan Bertege 

If you are searching for a career or planning an MBA - attend the Careers Forum. 

Around 100 leading international business schools, companies and consultancies are exhibiting 
at Europe's premier careers event Participants at the Careers Forum and Conference include: 
Andersen Consulting, AT Kearney, Bakkem&t Management Consultants, Bossard Consulting, C0BA 
Group, Coopers ft Lybraiid, CouttS Consulting, DDI, Delaitte & Touche Consulting Group, ESSEC 
European Institute for Purchasing Management, European University, Fairleigh-Dickinson University, 
Hay Management Consultants, HBS Consulting Partners, HLP Hrrzef Leder ft Partner, IBM, INSEAD, 
KLM, KPMG, MBA Careers Guide. MCA, Mercuri International, NACEE-Fulbright Commission. NIMBAS, 
Niiemode, Open University, PA Consulting. Paradigm. Proudfaot, Rembrandt Consulting. Roland 
Berger ft Partner, RSM-Erasmus University, Theseus Institute, Webster Unrversity_3nd many more. 

r, complete and return the coupon below to: 

Institute for Strategic Management Research 
Avenue Louise. 149/40, 1050, Brussels, Belgium. 

Telephone +32 2 535 7570 fox +32 2 535 7575 




| Address 


Please complete the 

Date Graduated: 


Reference Hi 736 

Work bperienet: — yen'* — . 

/ am interested m o. Position j J MBA | J 

Media Studies: 
Highbrow and 

Programs attract creative , motivated students. - ■ 

H ow many times have you received a brochure fiom 
a faceless company offering a one-day multimedia 
training course for a huge sum of money? 

There are other ways of learning, outside of the hotel 
conference room and beyond the flow-chart culture. Some, 
of the better programs are found at academies and art 
schools, where media and design skills are wrought with 

One of them is the Utrecht School of die Aits irnhe 
Netherlands. At its Hilversum branch, one-year M.A 
degree programs - in cooperation with such schools as the 
London Royal College of An and the Paris ENSI-Les 
Ateliers (Ecole Nationale Superieure de l’Art Industrie!) - 
are available in interactive multimedia, electronic graphic 
design and more. With an average student age of 25, the 
interactive media M.A. program has the greatest foreign 
presence of any program at the school. Those interested in 
knowing more about its programs might wish to vis’d the 
■* International Course Forum" at the Metz Akademie in 
Stuttgart Germany, April 15-18, 

Also located in Hilversum is Radio Netherlands 
Training Centre, which specializes radio and television 
journalism. Intended for professional journalists and pro- 
ducers fiom developing countries, its UNESCO-sponsored 
14-week seminars cover the “dramatization of informa- 
tion’’ - techniques that -make radio and television more 

Responding to the criticism that reality is dramatic 
enough, Jaap Swart the general manager of RNTC coun- 
ters that “bringing the news in the style of the novella and 
the soap opera keeps people’s . , . . . 

Visual culture 

Students who prefer some in-depth analysis with their 
media-making should either look into the Film and TV 
Studies program at the University of Amsterdam or travel 
straight to Maastricht Open to professionals and serious 
students, the Jan van Eyck Academy specializes in post- 
graduate courses on the art, design and theory of visual 
culture. Offerings include “interpretations of hypermedia” 
and a “discourse in visuality.” Public lecture series are also 
available on Mondays ai 4 P.M. 

Across town, more semioticians are on hand at the 
University of Maastricht proper, whose new visual culture 
major has received much attention in the Dutch press. 

If short on time, students and professionals might look 
into the seminars organized by the Netherlands" Design 
Institute in Amsterdam, including the annual “Doors of 
Perception” conference, or by the Amsterdam Maastricht 
Summer University. 

Among this summer’s courses at Felix Mentis on 
Keizersgracht are a reinterpretation of Walter Benjamin’s 
philosophy of culture, as well as approaches to Lhe “cre- 
ative city” for the 21st century. • 




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If you wish to attend an informs Wj/lWI „ , 0 

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SI*< )NSOK! o SI ( ] ION 


PAGE 19 



IB Curriculum 
T o Begin at Age 3 

Continuity is key to an international education. 

B efore enrolling their 
children in a school, 
parents living abroad 
think not only about a 
school's reputation and ori- 
entation but also about edu- 
cational continuity: If we 
move (again), will our 
daughter pick up where she 
, left off? 

* Beginning in September, 
certain schools offering the 
International Baccalaureate 
program will be making 
strides to provide an affir- 
mative answer. The Inter- 
national Baccalaureate 
Organisation in Geneva has 
announced the introduction 
of a curriculum for 3-to- 1 2- 
y ear-olds. This will extend 
the scope of the highly tout- 
ed program, already in 
place for international mid- 
dle schools and high 

Since the early 1 970s, the 
International Baccalaureate 
program has been universi- 
ty-oriented Taught at over 
' 700 schools worldwide, the 
L IB diploma curricula have 
. an American feel, with an 
• emphasis on thorough, up- 

to-date arts and sciences 
courses, extracurricular ac- 
tivities and community 
action service. The philoso- 
phy centers on educating 
the “whole child.” and Am- 
erican and, increasingly, 
Japanese pupils make up 
the majority at many 

Broad base 

The IBO programs provide 
continuity in another sense 
as well. Instead of focusing 
on three or four subjects 
beginning at the age of 16, 
as in the .Anglo-Continental 
systems, “students maintain 
the traditional areas of 
learning right up through 
secondary school,” accord- 
ing to lan Hill at the IBO in 

This traditional American 
educational philosophy 
dovetails with the current 
trends toward flexibility in 
the workplace. 

“With a broad base of 
learning, graduates will be 
able to better adapt to 
changing demands,” says 
Mr. Hill. 

Dutch treat students can benefit from a top-flight education -and this in relaxing surrotmdings. 

The EBO's leading edge 
“holistic view" is also seen 
in the Middle Years 
Program for 11 -to- 16-year- 
olds. Bringing together sep- 
arate arts, sciences, human- 
ities. physical education 
and technology courses are 
five cross-cutting themes: 
effective learning, commu- 
nity service, health and 
social education, the envi- 
ronment and homo faber 
t“man the maker*). This 
last theme is expanded in 
the popular subject “tech- 
nology and options.” in 
which technology is 
viewed as a social phenom- 
enon. The high school fol- 
low-up is “information 
technology in global soci- 
ety,” another student 

In the Benelux region, 
there arc 12 Dutch," one 
Luxem bourgeois and six 
Belgian international 
schools offering the high 
school IB program (see 
www.ibo.orgj. Just three (in 
the Netherlands) teach the 
Middle Years program. 
Come September, schools 
in Luxembourg, Amster- 
dam. Brussels and Eind- 
hoven (in the Netherlands) 
will break the seal on the 
new curriculum, which has 
been tried over the last five 

“In the Primary Years 
Program, children learn by 
experimenting,” says Jo- 
anne Rich of the Inter- 
national School of Amster- 
dam. Referring to the 
“inquiry-based curricu- 

lum." she adds, “Students 
bring in and work out ques- 
tions raised at home.” 

Intangible elements 
While the IBO continues to 
expand - including elec- 
tronically. with it own 
IBNET - a number of 
schools still have specific 
pedagogical, religious or 
ethnic orientations. Roman 
Catholic or Montessori, 
British, French. Japanese or 
Scandinavian - many 
schools provide certain 
intangible elements that 
some parents consider vital. 
Many also offer the IB 
diploma program. 

For a rundown of all the 
schools, order the 1997-98 
International Schools Dir- 
ectory at • 





English-Language Courses 
With a European Flavor 

Reinventing tradition is the key to staying competitive. 

I nternationalization has become the 
watchword of the Dutch university sys- 
tem. The classic Dutch university offers 
a wide range of liberal arts courses and 
degrees. English speakers from Vietnam to 
Australia and from the Czech Republic to 
the United States are increasingly finding 
that the road to a well-rounded European 
education begins in the lowlands. 

At the vanguard is the University of 
Amsterdam, with its new “International 
School.” Under one roof are all the once- 
disparate English-language programs - 
European studies, international relations, 
philosophy, political science, anthropolo- 
gy, sociology, science and technology. Yet 
each program has a pronounced “Euro- 
pean” flavor. 

Some countries have great difficulty 
shedding their crusty traditions, but the 
Netherlands has already taken three steps 
toward modernization. 

First, “We bid a dramatic farewell to the 
state,” says Jan Karel Gevers, president of 
the University of Amsterdam and a mem- 
ber of the Board of Trustees of its holding 
company. No longer a branch of govern- 
ment, the university has gained autonomy 
and self-esteem. Second, the school 
acknowledged that a primary vehicle of 

instruction must be English - the Latin of 
the 21st century. 

Anglo-Americanization has not only 
attracted students from abroad, but has 
ensured an internationally recognized stan- 
dard of research and education at home. 
Third, parochialism was attacked. For 
example, the “threats” of English to the 
national (university) culture were exposed 
as myths. 

“During their short stays, international 
students develop an interest in Dutch cul- 
ture, language and history,” says Professor 
Gevers. The influx of keen foreign students 
also gave new life to time-worn courses. 

“It was natural and self-evident to 
remind people of Amsterdam’s role since 
the 17th century as the meeting place of 
cosmopolitans." says Professor Gevers, 
referring to the city’s long-standing press 
and commercial freedoms. 

Once a country cousin among the great 
European universities, the University of 
Amsterdam is gradually becoming a role 
model. By developing a comprehensive 
English-language curriculum, it also has 
set a challenge for other schools. 

Information on international programs at 
the University of Amsterdam can be found 
on its Web site: • 

Web Makes Tiresome Brochures and Car Trips Obsolete 

The World Wide Web liberates students and parents alike. Rather than comb through catalogues and travel cross-country, they can see schools on-line. 

F or prospective university and even (inte 

high school students, the World Wide Web is replac- 
ing guidance counselor's book shelves, glossy 
^brochures and long car trips. They 
‘.can “visit” guidebooks, clearing- 
houses. schools and colleges in 
.‘about an hour on the World Wide 
Web. The distance to resources like 
.the International Baccalaureate 
Organisation in Geneva or the 
| Amsterdam International Schoolis 
| now measured in a few clicks of a 
‘ mouse. 

TVfTV generation goes to school 
The MTV generation is, of course, Internet savvy. Visit the 
‘IRC (Internet relay chat) lines on the Net. and you’ll be 
conversing with teenagers. Go to big corporate sites, and 
' it’s the youngsters who are playing tire Web games. And in 
between chats and shock wave sessions k la Michael 

“International Education in Benelux” 
urn produced in Us entirety by the Advertising Department o/| 
the International Herald Tribune. 

Writer: Richard Rogers, based in Amsterdam. 
Illustrations: Karen A. Sheckler-Wilson. 

Program Director: Bill Mahder. 

International Business Education 




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The British School 

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has an international student population and offers: 

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• worldwide university placements 

• a broad international, academic prognMunfiaTharoed by 

music, IT, theatre studies, speech and debate, art, sport, etc 

In September 1997 our new school opa« in 
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ii— n — 

Jordan, (he kids, when prodded by their parents, some- 
times pay “visit” to a school. 

For the schools themselves, it is no longer a question of 
whether or not to "be on the Web. 
The issue is how to design a site 
that reflects the school’s image and 
attracts future students' attention. If 
the Web site is cool, so is the school 
- or so goes the thinking. 

Sites for students and parents 
An effective site provides at least 
two alternate routes, one for the stu- 
dents and one for ihe parents. The 
parental road should be designed for a quick look at essen- 
tial facts and figures. The student road should lead to the 

productions of other students and to educational game- 

The Benelux school site that comes closest to this ideal 
is the International School of Amsterdam's, created by a 
student. Chia-Chi Wu. In the first instance, it is made for 
adults. Information on the International Baccalaureate, the 
new anthroposophic (a popular architectural style in the 
Netherlands) buildings and more is there for the clicking. 

For kids, by kids 

At the bottom of the page is a little graphic called “Digby’s 
Four Paws Pick of the Day” - a Web honor awarded to the 
site. One touch brings you into the international realm of 
pages “for kids by kids,” some of them with sound clips. 

The ISA site address is; a new 
“parental” site has come on-line at • 






Executive MBA 

Two-year part-time study programme learimg to the 
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• Seven 9-day sessions t SatunJayJSunday/one work ing wetk/Salurday/Sarui»y) : 
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• The next two-year programme starts 6 September 1997 
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The International School of Hospitality 
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The international school 
with a difference! 

International School The Rijnlands Lyceum 

Oegstgeest - The Netherlands 

offers you the acclaimed International Baccalaureate 
Programme (16-19) & international Baccalaureate 
Middle Years Programme (11-16). 

We offer your child: 

i A nurturing environment with successful results 
i Experienced, highly qualified teachers 
i A unique school com in unity comprising a Dutch and 
International School combined 
i A modem campus with good facilities, easily accessible 
from The Hague & Amsterdam 
> Wide choice of subjects 

Information evening 21st April 8.00 p.m. 

Head of School: mr. dns. LE Timmermans 
Address: ApoUotaan 1 , 2341 BA Oegstgeest, The Netherlands 
Tel: 00 (31) 71 - 5177471 , Fax: 00 (31) 71 - 5171900 

Heff 1 Rijnlands Lyceum 


When you transfer 10 Rotterdam your children are likely to 
come too. At the International Department in Rotterdam, they will 
be able to Mart or continue their English language education. Our 
team of well-qualified teachers will help your children prosper in a 
caring environment. The International Department has enabled 
pupils of more than thirty nationalities to gain their international 
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The Blijberg Primary School. Gordelweg 216-217. 3039 GA 
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The Bilingual Department (TVWO.l 

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PAGE 20 

JffHUxaf V'-”' 



• l'l .. 



destination Germany 

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Leipzig and Heidelberg: 
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W orld-class performing and 
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settings - individually, these items are 
highly enjoyable. When they are 
melded , they form a high point of any 
trip and the quintessence of travel m 
Europe. Hamburg’s Rathausplafz in 
late August will be one example of 
this melding. 

Hamburg has been a major port for 
12 centuries, and the world’s traders 
and other travelers have been congre- 
gating at die city’s mam square and 
exchanging news, gossip and other 
waterborne tidings fra about that 

At the turn of the 17th century, 
traders making their way from the 
warm lands of Italy brought word of 
a new, ultramodern art form, which 
combined music, speech and acting. 
This art form - opera - proved to be a 
great hit in Hamburg. The city’s patri- 
cian families spent much of their rich- 
es (gained through ship-borne trade 
with virtually the entire world) on 
budding copper-roofed mansions — 
and on putting oo operas. 

*r Hantaeg, home to patrician mansions and music lovers, the 

Hamburg today is still rich, with 
the highest per-capita income in the 
European Union. It is stiD one of the 
wodd’s great pods, ranking seventh 
in the world in container through-traf- 
fic. It is s till borne to patrician man- 
sions and a music-loving people. In 
addition to opera, Hamburg is cur- 
rently the venue of three hit musicals, 
each with a theater of its own. 

Another, newer source of its wealth 
is based on the descenda n ts of the 
gossiping traders - the reporters 
working fra Spiegel, Stern and the 
city’s other media bouses. A building 
that was once the home of a major 
Hamburg newspaper was turned into 
one of Europe’s most luxurious hotels 
in 1981. The Renaissance Hamburg 

Hotel’s dark brick exterior harks back 

to its boilding’s glorious past. Inside, 
travelers find office rooms as wed as 
personnel providing all necessary 
business services. Travelers have 
their choice of 205 rooms and suites. 

One of the latter — the aptly named 
Renaissance Suite — is widely regard- 
ed as one of the most luxurious of its 
kind. Contained in its 180 square 
meters (1,900 square feet) are two 
bedrooms, a palatial living room, a 
bar and three bathrooms. 

Ad the landmarks of Hamburg’s 
prosperous present and past are with- 
in easy walking distance of the hoteL 
The Hanse-Viertel, perhaps the most 
elegant of the many shopping arcades 
built over the past few decades in 
Hamburg, is directly lmk-pri to the 
hotel. Just south of the hotel is the 
harbor, “where Hamburg has tradi- 
tionally earned its money,” says the 
hotel’s director, Paul de Bruijn, “and 
just to the north is the Binnenalster. 
The promenades flanking this inlan d 
lake are where Hamburg has tradi- 
tionally shown how it has sport its 

On several evenings in late August, 
Renaissance hotel guests win head a 
few hundred meters eastward to the 
Rathausplatz, which will be convert- 
ed into an open-air stage in the sum- 
mer. Taking advantage of a 
Renaissance opera arrangement, the 
guests and several hundred other 
opera-goers will 
be regaled with 
the works of 
Puccini, Wagner 
and other great 
< 1 ^- - composers, sung 
j ' by Jose Carreras, 
Agnes Baltsa, 
Siegfried Jeru- 
salem and other 
world-class per- 

weather permit- 
ting, many of the 
opera-goers flic 
likely to enjoy a 
fish dinner at the 
Noblesse restau- 

id ousts lovers* the Many of them 
tier for operagoers. will conclude the 
evening by 
watching the shops head to and from 
the sea, a favorite Hamburg pastime 
since AID. 800. 

"One of the most enjoyable aspects 
of this modem-minded city is how 
the past and all its products are so 
much in evidence here,” says Mr. de 

The Renaissance Hamburg Hotel 
offers a package for the Puccini gala, 
which will be held cm Aug. 21, 1997. 


H eidelberg may not be the old- 
est of Europe’s storied univer- 
sity towns, but for the past 6 1 1 
years of its history, it has been home 
to the roost rousing of the Continent's 
institutions of higher education, in the 
opinion of generations of scholars, 
students and tomiris. Heidelberg is 
perhaps at its most rousing in sum- 
mer, although many of its 15,000 stu- 
dents are cm vacation then. 

rV- v 

High points are several summer- 
time evenings, when fireworks are 
launched from the hilltop ramparts of 
the city’s Schloss , or castle. In 
August, people attending the Festival 


ures rose by one-fifth in 1996. Those 
were the best figures among all of 
Germany’s cities. This great and 
growing popularity might seem a bit 
puzzling. Leipzig does not have the 
Alps or an Oktoberfest or any of the 
other things that normally attract vis- 
itors in great droves. 

"Our city does have a stirringly 
exciting present, and recent and dis- 
tant past — and that’s what the visitors 
come for,” says Visit R. Konig, direc- 
tor of the Renaissance Leipzig HoteL 

All of Leipzig’s attractions - with 
one major exception, the city’s fair- 
grounds - are contained in a very 
small area. Although on opposite 
sides of the center city, the churches 
of Sl Thomas and SL Nikolai are 
only a few hundred metos away from 
each other. For 

fiiK Hi' !7HiU 


tn a city known for s cholars and s denBsts, the Renaissance 
Heidelberg Hotel olfes a resort atmosphere on the Neckarftiver. 

of the Castle are treated to world- 
class performing arts. The attire city 
and all of its hundreds of thousands of 
visitors are engulfed in displays of 

Guests at the Renaissance 
Heidelberg Hotel experience an addi- 
tional pleasure. The resort-like hotel, | 
with 251 rooms and suites, is located I 
on the Neckar River, a few hundred 
meters away from the dry’s main 
ti Hiu station. 

To get downtown, visitors can stroll 
along the Neckar’s tree-fined banks i 
or take the river ferry, which docks at ; 
the hotel’s own piet 

While enjoying the dly’s rights, 
two-thirds of foe guests at foe 
Renaissance are primarily in 
Heidelberg to experience - and profit 
from — a very different kind of exerte- 
meoL Throughout Heidelberg’s histo- 
ry, while its student princes caroused 
in the city’s many Kneipen (pubs), its 
scientists have been hard at work in 
foeir laboratories, producing inven- 
tions tha t changed foe wodcL 

Today’s inventions are saving lives 
by giving physicians ways to detect 
and treat heart attacks or tumors 
immediately and efficiently. Greater 
Heidelberg has become one of foe 
world’s centers of biomedical discov- 
ery. Many of the scientists, business- 
people ami journalists flocking to the 
city learn of the newest biotechnolo- 
gies at events held in the 
Renaissance’s eight conference and 
meeting rooms. 

A musingly good offer from 
Renaissance Heidelberg HoteL' Easter 
in Heidelberg, 79-50 Deutsche marks 
(about $47) per person per night in a 
double room, including breakfast, 
from March 21 to April 2, 1997. 

the past balf-mfl- 
kxunum, the fra- 
mer has had one 
of the world’s 
great choirs. One 
of its cantors was 
Jo hann Sebastian 
Bach. More than 
800 years old, the 
Church of Sl 
N ikolai had its 
finest moment in 
the autumn of 
1989. Its Monday 
“prayer even- 
ings” triggered 
East Germany’s 
nonviolent revo- 
lution, which 
brought down the 
si the Renaiss a nce country’s com- 
m the Neckar tSver. mimist dictator- 

A few hundred meters to the south 
of Sl Nikolai’s is foe Gewandhaus 
orchestra haQ. One of the world’s 
most celebrated orchestras, the 
Gewandhaus is led today by the 
renowned Kurt Masur; who followed 

in foe footsteps : 

of such conduc- 
tors as Felix 
Bartholdy and 
Wilhelm Furt- 
w angler. Mr. 

Masur’ s desig- 
nated successor 
is Herbert Blom- 
stedt, one of foe 
world's celebrat- 
ed conductors. 

Between the 
churches is Leip- 
zig's main, me- 
dieval square. 

Located in the 
arcades flanking 
it is Auerbachs 
Keller. In this 
subterranean inn, 77 k? modernistic Rt 
a local scholar; a travelers, is a fan* 
certain Faust, 

was marfe an offer be should have 
refused. The author of the work knew 
the setting well During his years of 
studying at the city's university, one 
of Europe’s oldest and most famous, 
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was an 
habitue of Auerbachs Keller. 

The city's new 1.2 billion DM fair- 
grounds is a soaring vision in glass 
and light located between the down- 
town area and the fast-growing 
Leqxzjg-HaQe airport. Large as it is, 
the fairgrounds is just one of hun- 
dreds of building projects in die 
Leipzig area, one of Europe’s most 
rapidly developing regions. 

One of these recently completed 
buildings is the Renaissance Leipzig 
Hotel. As modernistic as the fair- 
grounds, this sparkling and opulent 
hotel is located within easy walking 
distance of all the city’s main attrac- 
tions. The modernism extends to the 
hotel’s 356 rooms and suites, each of 
which is equipped with ISDN and 
ofoer date-transmission linkups. 

7he modernistic Renaissance Leipzig Hotel a base for fiobai 
travelers, is a favorite location for conferences and meetings. 

■ he should have The Renaissance Leipzig Hotel has 
of the work knew 17 conference and meeting rooms, 
ring his years of which seems a very large number, 
's university, one “Actually, when one considers 
md most famous, Leipzig’s special circumstances, it’s 
m Goethe was an not large at all,” says Me KSnig. 
is Keller. “Many companies are busy training 

l billion DM fair- personnel for their new operations in 
g virion in glass Eastern Germany and Eastern 
tween the down- Europe, or are producing products 
be fast-growing and services in foe region. Our cou- 
rt. Large as it is, ference and meeting rooms get a lot 
just one of bun- of this ‘new market business.’ Id 
projects in die addition, quite a few trade-related 
>f Europe’s most events are staged here.” 
egions. In foe city of enlightenment, 

tently completed Renaissance has a special weekend 
taissance Leipzig offer, valid from May 8 to July 13, 
Stic as the fair- involving foe “artist of light”: two 
Ling and opulent nights (including breakfast) in the 
bin easy walking Renaissance Leipzig Hotel, a tour of 
ity’s main a ttrac- the city, a ticket to the blockbuster 
m extends to the Paul Klee exhibition at the city's 
ad suites, each of Museum of the Visual Arts and a gala 
with ISDN and dinner, all for 248 DM per person in a 
ion linkups. double room. • 




apping five years of rapid 
growth, Leipzig’s tourist 
arrivals ami overnight stay fig- 

Headquartered in 
\ Esckbom, a northern 
sublab of Frankfort, 
Renaissance Hotels 

International is respon- 
sible for operating 68 

Renaissance and 

Ramoda Hotels in 

Europe, Africa and the 

Middle East 
The following is a list 
of Renaissance Hotels 
in Germany. 


mce Cfflwwra Hotel 
Satan. 56 
D-09II3 Chemnitz 
TeL: (49371) 334 10 
Roc (49 371) 334 17 77 


D-69115 Hodetbog 
T«_- (49 6221) 90 80 
Fta (49 6221) 229 77 

Renaissance Karlsruhe Hovel 

1 imlwmiimlc 88 
D-44137 DortQBDd 
TcL (49 231) 911 30 

D-76131 Kadsrahe 
TWL: (49 721) 371 70 
Fax: (49 721) 37 71 56 

Renaissance KAln Hotel 

NfiidfidhcrZbbmB er 6 
J >40470 Dassekkxf 
TeL: (49 21 1)621 60 
Rdl- (49 21 1)621 6666 

Grasse Bfetehen 
TeL- (49 40) 34 91 80 
E*c 1494® 3491 8431 

TdU <49221 >20340 

Renaissance Vbfbb Hotel 
Qaerstr. 12 
D-04103 Leipzig 
TeL- (49 341) 129 20 

For reservations and fur- 
ther information on these 
or any other Renaissance, 

or New World hotels, 

{353)213 58030, or 
fax (353) 213 58040. 

For further information, 

Renaissance Hotels 
Frankfurter Stn 10-14 
D-65760 Eschboro. 
Ger many 

Tii: (49 6196) 4% 0 
Fax: (49 6196) 496 115 




“Renaissance in Europe” 

in its entirety by the Advertising Department of the International Herald Tribune. 
Write*: Terry Sw ar tzb eig in Munich. 

Program dukectok: BUlMahder . 

PAGE 22 



Exceptional Estate 

Paradise, 40 minutes from the sea, unique and exceptional 
site between the coast and snow covered mountains, for 
those who appreciate nature and calm. 

Superb 1 7Hi century bastille 

on 50 ha. of land, 10 ha. of whidi are 
a magnificent landscaped park, with rivers, lakes and 
waterfalls for the pleasure of trout and swans. 

The estate includes 6 other houses and 15 old stone 
bridges, all in immaculate condition. 

Many extension possibilities. 
Documentation upon request. 


20. rue La tour Maubourg, 06400 CANNES. FRANCE 
Fax; + 33(0)493 43 51 95 

MARCH 27. 1997 at 2:30 pm 

in one loi 


Located in 

PARIS 16th 

1 1 . rue Bol&sicrc (Ictu areal 

High class 250 sq. ra apartment. 5th floor. Late I9rh century 
freestone buSduig- Sunny. Balcony with large view. 

Large entrance hail - reception room, adjoining dining room - 
kitchen fully equipped and breakfast room - library - 
independent master bedroom with large dressing and 
bathroom - two separate bedrooms with bathrooms and 

Independent central heating. All recently decorated by a 
French architect in a lavish style. Three maids' rooms on 6th 
flour. Three cellars and an independent car park. 


Contact Maiur Mlchcf POSSE Lawyer at the Paris Bar. 

22. avenue de Krtnttmd (T«B08i Paris. France Tel: 33 (Or I 45 62 32 22 

Real Estate 
for Sale 



Internati o nal 

CANNES, Pram Fabulous vifla 
hr safe irioue aii around 

1IARBB1A, 5pm. Voy beeutfd via. 
bat goafo Sum*. 

Sane owner. Contact Spain, 

Fax: (34-71] 70 05 31 or PA Box 1366, 
Palma da Mahroa, 07060 Spain 

French Riviera 

KM CANNES, rrt raadential domain, 
superb stone vtta wflh large recaption, 
dining room, Mg equipped titchen, 5 
bedrooms, study, pool and pooMnusa. 
FOcing south, ful of charm and charac- 
ter. Meginife®it littfngs, outbuildings. 
BeeutfuT treed garden of 2600 sqm. 
Very good price. Contact Mrs Jeengtos, 
Fax +33(0)4 93 43 51 95 

COTE D'AZUR - YBehmche ur tier. 
Mapdcait 3 moms, terrace, sunny, sea 
tew. Roadstead® Jean, refined decora- 
tion. FF195M. Tel: +33(0)4 93 BO 60 10 


Authentic old mas, panoramic view, 
Housekeeper's accommodation, perfect 
ccrcSkn, 3.000 sqm. gotten. swimming 
pool Debris on raquast. 
aj. amofflJER. 

Tei+33fD)4920Z1202 Fat (0)492029016 

CAP D’ANTIBES. unique panoramic 
view, waaBibonc. 30 min. drive torn Moa 
Airport sqjerb house wft a surface area 
of 170 sqm, cpmpWef y renova ted. com- 
posing 5 bedrooms, swimmng pool, 
1153 sqm. land, surrounded mtfi okt 
lrees. Ideal hr second raadenUtf house. 
Price USS 1J M. negotiable. Contact 
Flcma Pawns, Tet IK 44 ((9171 437 
9165. Fax 44 (0)171 287 5679 

Prime kxafon on the CraiseSie, 
tearful 166 sqm duplex m an eme n L 
Parting hr 2 cats. Cellar. 
let 33 fOU 93 99 13 63 
Fax: 33 (OH 93 38 S 45. 

BAT OF CANNES Pori la Qatara. 
si private property of S ha on aaa tort, 
duplex 140 sqm., terraces with nothing 
opposite, panoramic view at 180 degree, 
2 pods, tennis, private port, fla a a uan ts. 
desring and tmsctoepmg assured by 
dub. Tet 433(0)2 43 47 18 45 


Cannes & Golf Courses Nearby 


Amidst calm & greenery, 
set in a magnificent park of 4,500 sq.m. i 

Including main house, 
guest house & caretaker's house. 

All in perfect condition, they represent 
a total living space of 450 sq.m. 
Luxurious fittings, pool, pool-house, 

Contact owner directly: Mr Michel PERIL 
2 1 , chemin des Dones, 06600 OPIO, France 
Fax +33 (0)4 93 43 51 95 ^ 


Exceptional Opportunity 

for developers and private investors to buy 
in the magnificent “Baie des Milliardaires” 

uperb 20.000 sa.m. Land 

Adjacent to the world’s most famous waterfront properties, this unique 
and peaceful estate is completely fenced for maximum security but only 
visited by the soft melody of foe birds and die sea. 

In addition to its south facing expo^tioo overlooking the park aod the 
sea, this beautiful property is only 200 meters away from the post-card 
setting of the Garoupe bay and Its beaches. 

This paradise (and, idea) for one, rwo, or seven privileged families, docs 
benefit from two bufldfog permits totaling seven high efass luxury villas 
with pods and a caretaker's house, is valued at over 18$ 15m. 

Only offers ner DS$ t nriffion laffl be considered for a quick sate. 

Contact M. YAW 

1, wmwinm dMJDhr. Ricamd, 06400 Cannes - France 
Vuxs +33 (O) 4 93 9913 02 

-■X - iL lfl Real Estate Auction Sale at the Palais de Justice ol Paris 

THURSDAY, APRIL 3, 1997 at 230 pan. . In one lot 


for commercial use and offices, on land of about 
1467 sq.m, in 

ARCUEIL (Val-de-Mame) 

1, rue Paui-fiert 


Unoccupied & Uiwented 

Contact SCP Bernard de SARIAC Alain JAUNEAU 

Lawyers in Paris 8, 42, av. Georae-V (only 10 am. to noon, 

Tel.+33 (0) 1 47 20 43 76) and 361 6 AVOCAT VENTES- 

Maitre ArmeOe LE DOSSEUR, liquidation agent 

174, bd St-Germain, 75006 PARIS 

On site visflsTtiursday, March 27, 1997, 11 ajik to noon 

The most successful condominium tower 


The astounding success of Trump International Hotel & Tower may be unprecedented, 
but h was not unexpected. Inspired by the world's most enviable location, guided by 
the vision of Donald {.Trump, and designed by America’s most celebrated architect, 

Philip Johnson, the Tower’s success was virtually assured from the very be ginning 

This contemporary landmark offers its residents a spectacular location; magnificent 
views; Jean-Georges, the oew signature restaurant of New Yorks most celebrated rhef . 

Jean-Georges Vongeridrten; and worid-dass services and amenities. 

The Tower Residences at Trump Internationa] will be ready for occupancy commencing 
in Match 1997 and are over 80% sold. 

Tower Residences from $915,000 bo 58375,000. Hotel Suites from $850,000 to $l,336£00i* 

The Sunshine Group, LtcL, Exclusive Marketing and Saks Agent Ope Central ftuk West, 

New York. NY 10023 (212)247-7000 firx (2 1 2) 664- 1936 Broker ftrtfcipatx® Invited. 

For Hotel reservations call: (212) 299-1000 or (888) 448-7867 

T R U M P 

core D'AZUR, Eze BUT to. between 
Nice & Monaco. Chamting vfia, perfect 
condition. On hillside wift fabulous sea 
view. Sun al day. Largs bring room. 2 
beds, 2 teths. hflepenfert stuttic vrth 
fedtts. Swirrming pooL pine trees, 
qua. Rot of tent 5W sqm. FF3.7M. 
Owner Tel / Fax: t33 (OH S3 01 S3 50. 


FAGNG SEA. 3 room ®atmeflL 
Terrace. Garden Contact Neds 
Tet 433 (0)4 S3 94 « 53 
Fat +33 m 93 43 51 95 

CANNES: Top floor, ISO degree view, 
irigh class residence, renovated 150 
sq.m, apartment, 100 sqm. sotariun 
■met! can be tod out and decorated 
accortSng to 9w efienfs taste and fixings 
provided. FF2.75WKK). FRANOft Tet 
+33(0)4 93 16 17 81. 

sptencBd vita, 310 sqm. (possible 450 
sqJiu). Big pool Ranoramc sea view, 4 
ha tend. Price S1.5U. Tet Phip Guy, 
Paris +33(0)1 <30694 79, Office 
(0)145487286, SI Trap® (0)494542502 

NEAR CANNES - Aidftea sals sqied) 
via, 600 sqm. Hfth 14,000 sqm park, 
surimmtag pool, tamo. Braafrfenng view 
on sea & martans. Rental poestte. Tef 
+33 (0)148252450. Fax (0)141109359 


QUEBEC - Gracious horae on £ hectare 
estate, 900 metes ft boathouse on Lac 
des Sables, near histone downtown Ste- 
Agathe, 40 nwi Montreal inti atiport. Joe 
Graham. Doncaster Realias Inc., Tet 
(819) 326-4963, Far (819) 3268629. 

French Provinces 

10 rains GENEVA / UN Orpnfeafats 
{Femy/Vottaira France,) in a luxurious 
guarded residence, surrounded by green 
parte and tennis courts. 

55 sqm. terraces, high class, 5 bed- 
rooms, two bathrooms, 1 visitor’s WC. 
Magnificent view of Jura ft Alps raauv 
Ians. Underground garage. F&OO.OOO. 
Tet +41-22-73340 (ewtog) 
tetenwt'Gknt a UNOffl CH 

Deep n rural France, but only 2 IS 
hours bom Pans on the TGV. Substaittal 
Manor Hoose fufly renovated by an 
American to togtea carftxl standards. 
Standng an a hi bp to 10 ha. flensed 
park. Spedacutannevs. Guefl horse 
also fufly renovated. Total 7 bedrooms. 

3 receptions. FF3, 500.000. Additional 
land aniafate mdutfing ErufUa orchard. 

TeL owner +33 (0)5 45 31 U 74 

10% NET PROFIT - Rare Townhouse, 
BSD sqm. in Orleans. Zenith Promotion 
Tel *33(0)238420202. rax (0)236826634 


Phoenix - Scoffsdd*>Araona 
InvEsl in trie most 
“Sophisticated Cfty of the WesT 
1 hr. from LA~ Las Vegas. Grand Canyon. 
T1» 2nd. fastest growing area w the IJ.5- 
150 Gdf courses, 300* sunny dayo-a-year. 
UuJopte T«ut AdvfBwes avafetfle. 
Free S easy UHnsler of Ownership. 
(602) 948-0550 - Patrick Karos 
E-mai PatUaros 9 adxcm 
John Hall & Assosaies. toe 
Fmc (602)948-8541 -Dani Beruunou 
7850 E. Cranada. Scot a d ate . AZ.85257 

ISh / 17th centey, ruDy restored, easy 
irsnxnancs. HISTORICAL PLACE, pro- 
tected s2e, pod, ques cotta®. Agancs 
KIARm Tflt +33 (0)5 53 55 B 22. FfflC 
+33 (0)5 5362 0649. 

Gnat Britain 

search ter you. We find homes / flats 
to buy and rat For indMthah and 
aanoaies + Fufl Corporate Relocation 
Services. 7 days-a-week Tel: +44 171 
S38 1066 Fex + 44 171 B38 1077 


Sg fring, 5 bedrooms. 2 baths, ganfen 
wh qw-Jcarered heated pcoL Vm lux- 
urious fittings. Near centre and WTC. 
USS 2 2 (A let +31^16626375 (office), 
private +31 20.6628375, Fax 
+31.206799156. GSM +31658127681. 

JERUSALEM - near ICng David Hotel, 
76 sqm. flat, 31.2 rooms, 2 balconite, 
tedm, tab- Tet +972-25633162 eves. 

SOUTH OF TUSCANY - 15 mins to the 
sea. htotnr and coil course. Exclusive 
country estate. 200 sqm. top location, 
old 1890 house, n rest o ra tio n (wfll be 
competed in May ’97), + house 260 

sqm, fan) 22 heciaas 1220,000 sqm.) - 
up to 40 hectare possible. We offer high 
return and admm is natmn or a partner. 
USS 1.9 rrattion. Tel/Fax: 0039 

magnificent apartment in 16tb century 
mansion. Courtyard, ganteq terrace. 
Panoramic view. 300 sqm. 2-car ga- 
rage. Tet 3 2 ©003107. 

LAKE GARDA, Esiissre Reel Estate - 
Apartment +■ heusa, new by owner. Far 
sate imtfl May 1st. 2997. Tel/Fax: 


JAMAICA: FOR SALE Joint Ventura. 
210 Acres c lard in Santa Cruz moun- 
tains SL EsateSv Contact C. Poncho 
Ts± (34J £5 34£53 (Span) 

Paris and Suburbs 

35 km rats, rer Uon&nt L’Amacy 


ct T7JDCC sqm 'ercscgsc parti 
border; de weeds. Main heuse 
- rasSted-recf guest cottage. 

3sr. eri.'fc'y rer^g-nrt cflh pened 
tsars ft fjiq Abu 500 sqm living 
spara *£> C, r zite n carters + care- 
takr5 qca.-tera, q-eefleise ft gmge. 
Easy assess to Pans sy sa r. RSI ran 
to is Defense r 3vCF"to M c i T p ain assB 
Contact owner: 

Tel +33 (Oh 40683617. Fex 40883293. 


243 sqm. 9jZ(:t raoejftsn. 3-4 oeti- 


S s^m iiEtotos; erttem 
F*. SOC.vCC. Te; *32 '.3;; 47 57 94 44 

W I L L I A M P I T T 



The Classic French Estate of 
Rosalie and Joseph E. Levine 

Greenwich, CT: Created without compromise, this classic 
Valerian Rybar home is an architectural tour-de-force 
from its sweeping staircase to the meticulously derailed 
mi □ work. With elaborate public rooms, spectacular mas- 
ter suite, six bedrooms, five fireplaces, exceptional pool- 
house and more, this grand estate offers 43S linear feet of 
waterfront with a deep water dock. A rare treasure. 

Shown exclusively through Jean Ruggiero 203-869-9085" 
or 800-5 10-PITT exL 316. 


Patricia M. Barry. VP. Luxury Properties Internationa! 
TOLL FREE 366-2'A' f'-PITT or 203-637-7L25 
http:// , ,Villi2.mpitt.coro 

Wii i If T • L*1 

Darien, CT 55WtottSNVC 


Architect Edward Durrt, Sana 
Center) dsaned tins 

>i'F. ra,o 

Darren in the 1930's. Preserved y« 
updated far aday's twig Ths nomehas 
5 bedrooms, pool, and pmatej*® 
wtt stone Hsus ft $*****£$£ 22; 
hHiY ASSOCIATES 203«5«38 


Omert supedj 95 sqm tat in 4*torey 
hk* class hASnq Cfreveau/Wrarmam 
area Reafy to move In. 2nd floor, facartg 
south. 12 m balcony over large garden. 
Erdry, bing. 2 bedrooms, coraptate bath- 
room. shower room, 3.WCa. equipped 
Idtchea pantry wth service K, many 
cupbcBatte. Refined decoration. Parttn 
tier 2 csr&, ceSar. Security. FF 320QJOQ. 
Tat Parti +33 (0) 1 <7 45 44 EL 

15 MIN ft 18 KM WEST OF PARS by 
8W AM 20 mm St Urate station. Very 
bearfu) 1958 M0QEW5T housa 270 
sqm. firing space on 2,000 sqm. garter 
in private domain. Luxurious fittings. 60 
sqm. flviiq laqp fireplace, bay windows 
facing South, terraces, 4 bedrooms, 2 
taahs, 2 showers. Office. Room with ja- 
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INTERNET • h Up: /-•'»•/ w w . i m rr, cnet.c o n: g eo ra e Vpron- o;;cr 


PAGE 24 


FRIDAY, MARCH 21, 1997 

World Roundup 

1999 Championships 
Awarded to Seville 

ATHLETICS Seville was selected 
Thursday by the International Am- 
ateur Athletic Federation to be host 
to the 1999 World Championships, 
two weeks after being spurned in its 
bid to land the 2004 Summer 

The 27-member IAAF Council 
opted for the Spanish city over 
three other contenders: Stanford, 
California; New Delhi, and Hel- 

“We are of course very pleased, 
because over the last eight years we 
have been organizing almost any 
athletics event we could, and now 
we have the biggest," said Jose 
Maria Odriozola, president of 
Spain's national athletics federa- 
tion. Seville was host to the 1991 
indoor championships. 

The vote came on the first of two 
days of meetings in Turin, Italy, 
ahead of Sunday’s World Cross 
Country Championships. (AP) 

Scott Hamilton Diagnosed 
With Testicular Cancer 

figure skating The four-time 
world champion and 1 984 Olympic 
gold medalist Scott Hamilton has 
been diagnosed with testicular can- 
cer. h is public-relations firm said. 

Hamilton. 38, performed in Pe- 

oria. Illinois, on Sunday night, de- 
spite suffering from severe stomach 
pain during the last several weeks. 

On Monday, Hamilton went to 
the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 
where he underwent tests that con- 
firmed a tumor in his lower ab- 
domen caused by cancer cells with- 
in the testicle region. 

“I feel 100 percent confident 
that I can overcome this disease and 
be back on the ice within a few 
months." Hamilton said. 

Hamilton's doctors said that 70 
percent to 80 percent of men with 
the condition were curable, and thar 
the skater would begin chemother- 
apy immediately. (AP) 

Mentor to Skating’s Stars Dies 

Carlo Fassi Stricken at Championships in Lausanne 

By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

LAUSANNE, Switzerland — The 
tacky, cloying music could be heard 
from the practice rink, across the ped- 
estrian lane where the great Carlo Fassi 
lay dying. 

For him , the sound might have been 
as comforting as aromas from die open 
door of a family kitchen. For us. the 
spectators, the music would cast his 
death as the final scene in a drama he 
spent his life trying to create. The epilog 
will come Friday afternoon, roughly 24 
hours after bis death, when his last pu- 
pil, Nicole Bobek, 19. skates to a 2- 
rninute. 40-second snippet of Moiseyev 
in her short program at the World Figure 
Skating Championships. 

“For this to happen to Carlo at the 
World Championships is uncanny," 
said Robin Cousins, who even through 
reddened eyes could see the spectacular 
relevance of Fassi's last act Cousins, in 

1980, became one of the four Olympic 
ipions to be coached by FassL The 

others were Peggy Fleming and 
Dorothy Hamill of the United Stales and 
the late John Curry, a British com pat- 
riate of Cousins. 

Fassi, 67, suffered a heart attack 
Thursday, apparently just before noon. 
About an hour after he was rushed to the 
hospital. Bobek appeared in the practice 
rink and skated to the music he had 
helped choose. She had been told he was 
suffering from stomach pains. 

The ladies' competition — the emo- 
tional center of a sport that drifts be- 
tween the ridiculous and the vital, none 
of it too complicated for the under- 
standing of television — begins Friday, 
centered around the competition of the 
three Americans. 

They were expected to contend for 
the three medals when the long program 
concludes Saturday afternoon. The fa- 
vorite was Tara Lipinski, the 14-year- 
old U.S. champion of last month, whose 

presence in lipstick and makeup brings 
out the worst fears of many involved in 
die sport. Her main rival was to be 
Michelle Kwan, the defending world 
champion who, suddenly, has been 
made to seem nervous and elderly in 
comparison to Lipinski. Kwan is 16. 

TTjen, when Fassi's world should 
have been mourning his passing, the 
death of a great coach was swept into the 
plot of a teenagers' opera. 

Years ago, Bobek’s father deserted 
her. She was enrolled in a youthful- 
offender program in Michigan after a 
conditional guilty plea for felony home 
invasion. She had bounced around from 
coach to coach after refusing to follow 
Fassi to Italy when he returned to his 
nati ve home in 1 990. He came back to 
die- United States, to a reunion last Au- 
gust with Bobek, and he was greatly 
responsible for her appearance at these 

At the U.S. Nationals last month, 
wary of Bobek’s back problems, Fassi 
bad counseled her to remove all but four 
triple jumps from her long program. 

Fassi was remembered for instilling 
confidence and independence in many 
of his skaters. He was one of the coaches 
who came to America after the 1961 
plane crash that decimated the U.S. 

“Personally. I would not have won an 
Olympic gold medal or been in con- 
tention for one if not for that man.” 
Cousins said. Peggy Fleming, his first 
Olympic champion, said, “He saw your 
talent and broughL it out of you so that 
you didn't come out looking like every- 
body else.” 

Bobek practiced a second time 
Thursday. This rime she knew. Robin 
Cousins stood behind the boards, trying 
to take Fassi's place for her. Afterward. 
Bobek told reporters, “He always 
cared; he took die place of being a father 
for me." She then mentioned Fassi’s 
widow, Christa. “From what I've 
heard," Bobek said, “one of Carlo's 

last words to Christa was to please be 
with me for the competition.” 

Cousins, speaking of Fassi's skaters, 
said: “Hopefully, they will take the 
passion he has left them, and it will drive 
them through the rest of the week." 

On Thursday night, Bobek sat along- 
side Cornel Gheorghe of Romania, an- 
other of Fassi 's skaters, as he waited for 
the judges' scores for his long program 
in die men's competition. They sat in 
front of the TV cameras like man and 
wife — married by the death of then- 

After her second practice of the day. 
shortened to 20 minute by the worst of 
circumstances, Bobek lefr the ice to the 
fellow competitors in her practice 
group. One of diem was Lipinski. who 
continued on without any change of 

Over the next few minutes it became 
obvious that Lipinski was able to skate 
almost perfectly at 14 because, simply, 
she doesn't know any better. If she wins, 
she stands to make S2 million in en- 
dorsements and other commercial op- 
portunities in the year le adin g up to the 

* ‘ Our sport has always been the glam- 
our sport.” said Michael Rosenberg, 
who has been manager to Hamill, Tonya 
Harding and Oksana Baiul, the defend- 
ing Olympic champion. 

“If we become a sport of little girls 
doing little jumps, instead of glamorous 
young women, we will lose a gigantic 
proportion of our appeal. But then, Tara 
Lipinski could be exceptional.” 

As that practice wore on. the music 
stopped and a man’s voice was heard. 
An announcement; “Music from the 
free program of Nicole Bobek. USA-” 
A selection from Giselle was played, 
and the other four skaters moved to the 
sideboards coincidentally. 

For a few blaring notes the ice was 
empty of movement. Then, one by one. 
each of them came back out skating 

i .- 

r • . 

, i . •• ■- 

l‘\ - 

I -J " 

l ’ ' 

IIbIhuSuiIi h/llnUr* 

Oleg Ovsyannikov and Anjetika Krylova of Russia, ice dancing Thursday. 

■ Russians Lead m WD andng 

Oksana Gritschuk and Yevgeni Pla- 
tov of Russia continued on their way to 
their fourth consecutive world ice dance 
title at the World Figure Skating Cham- 
pionships Thursday, The Associated 
Press reported from Lausanne. 

Gritschuk and Platov won the orig- 

inal dance and moved into a solid lead m 
the ice dance with a romantic tango that 
counted for 30 percent of the score. 

On Wednesday night, Mandy Woetzel 
and Ingo Steuer of Germany took the 
pairs tide. Second place went to Marina 
Yeltsova and Andrei Bushkov of Russia, 
with Oksana Kazakova and Artur 
Dmitriev, also of Russia, third. 

Morrison Is Arrested 

BOXING The heavyweight 
Tommy^ Morris on was arrested 

early Thursday morning on sus- 
picion of driving under the influ- 
ence of alcohol. 

The HIV-infected fighter retired 
last year and then announced in 
September that he was returning to 
the ring to raise money and aware- 
ness to fight AIDS. 

Morrison. 28. who resides in Jay. 
Oklahoma, was pulled over at 
about 3 A.M. for speeding in Fort 
Scott. Kansas, the police said. He 
was booked into Bourbon County 
Jail and released. His arraignmenr 
in municipal court is scheduled for 
April 17. (AP) 

For Juventus, Easy Victory as an Era Approaches Its End 

By Peter Berlin 

International Herald Tribune 

TURIN. Italy — Juventus strolled into the semi- 
finals of the European Cup with an easy victory 
that offered little excitement but did carry the 
nostalgic air of the end of an era. . 

The defending champion was too strong for Rosen- 
borg. the surprise quanerfinalist from Norway. The 
two teams had drawn. 1-1, in the Fust leg at Trond- 
heim. so Juventus needed only to win by one goal. 

Juventus got what it needed after 25 minutes, 
when Joem Jamrfall, the Rosenborg goalkeeper, 
hammered a clearance against Zinedine Zidane, a 
Juventus midfielder, who was minding his own 
business just outside the penalty area. The ball hit 
Zidane and hobbled and rolled 20 yards back into 
the Trodheim Goal. After that, Juventus kept the 
game moderately interesting by failing to gain a 

second goal until the very last minute, when N’icolo 
Amoroso scored from a penalty. 

Juventus will face Ajax Amsterdam, the team it 
beat in last year's final, in the semifinals. 
Manchester United is to play Borossia Dortmund 

The E ok ope an Cup 

in the other game. It is a fittingly strong final four in 
the last season before Europe’s most prestigious 
club competition sells what is left of its virginity. 

For 40 years, the European Cup. also known as 
the Champions Cup. has been For the previous 
year’s national champions only, with the exception 
that the cup holder — this’ year. Juventus — 
defends its trophy even if it failed to win its 
domestic league in year it won the cup. 

UEFA, the governing body of European soccer, 
has restricted the competition to keep out the 

champions of weaker — and less wealthy — 
soccer nations, allowing it to replace some of the 
earlier knock-our rounds with a subset of the 
Champions Cup called the Champions League, a 
vacuous competition that guarantees the last 16 
teams — and their national television stations — at 
least six European games. 

Starting next season. UEFA will admit to the 
Champions Cup the second-place teams from the 
domestic leagues of the strongest — that is richest 
— nations. The Champions Cup will thus no longer 
be made up solely of champions. 

This year's semifinals include two clubs, Ju- 
ventus and Manchester United, which have been 
long defined by their sometimes tragic struggles to 
win the European Cup. Their national rivals. Liv- 
erpool and AC Milan, have both won their share. 

United's young team was poised to challenge 
Real Madrid for European dominance when, re- 

turning from a victory in Belgrade, its . plane 


crashed at Munich airport in 1958. Nine years later. 
United, managed by. one Munich survivor,. Matt 
Busby, and inspired on the field by another, Bobby 
Charlton, finally won the European Cup. 

Juve’s wait was even longer. It finally won the 
European Cup in 1 985. But that triumph- forever 
carries a black cross beside ft. Juventus bear. Liv- 
erpool at the Heysei Stadium in Brussels in a match 
played after 39 Juventus fans, died fleeing Liv- 
erpool fens in the stadium just before die scheduled 
kick off. It was 1 1 more years before Juventus 
could lift the trophy with genuine joy, after it beat 
Ajax in Rome last year. 

After Newcastle limped out of the UEFA Cup at 
Monaco on Tuesday night, David Batty, its ab- 
rasive midfielder, said: “We probably can’t win 
the league, but we could come second and that 
would mean a place in the Champions League." 

Irabu Gone (for Now), Padres 1 Deal-Making Drags On 


By Murray Chass 

New fork Times Service 

Right-hander Hideki Irabu arriving Thursday in Tokyo. 

TAMPA, Florida — Keep- 
ing his word, Hideki Irabu lefr 
Los Angeles for Japan, but the 
San Diego Padres were betting 
that he would be back. If not, 
the Padres stand to lose the 
lucrative package they want 
for the Japanese pitcher who 
doesn't want to play for them. 

Irabu, a highly desirable 
hard-throwing right-hander, 
took All Nippon Airways 
Flight 5 on Wednesday, a day 
after his self-imposed dead- 
line for the Padres to trade his 
rights to the Yankees. While 
he flew into an uncertain fu- 
ture, the future was just as 
uncertain for the Padres, who 
have exclusive rights to Irabu 

under a working agreement 
with his Japanese team. 

The Padres have most re- 
cently been negotiating seri- 
ously with three teams in ad- 
dition to the Yankees. At least 
two of die teams, the Mets and 
the Baltimore Orioles, have 
offered the Padres players 
who are more attractive than 
the Yankees have offered. 

One person familiar with 
the Orioles' efforts said they 
had enhanced their proposed 
package for Irabu, substitut- 
ing one outfielder, Tony 
Tarasco. for another. Jeffrey 
Hammonds, and one pitcher, 
Alan Mills, for another, 
Jimmy Haynes. The Yankees 
have resisted including in 
their package Ricky Ledee, 
the young outfielder the 

Padres have sought. 

The continued negotiations 
may be fruitless if Irabu fol- 
lows through on his stated in- 
tention to sit out the 1997 
season now that he has gone 
home. Nothing would stop 
the 27-year-old from coming 
back to the United States to 
play except his word. And so 
far he has kept his word, re- 
fusing to sign with the Padres 
and leaving once his deadline 
came and went. 

Irabu would be more likely 
to make the return trip if the 
Padres traded his rights to the 
Yankees. If he gave up a 
chance to play major league 
baseball, either for the Yan- 
kees or another team, the 
pitcher would forgo a poten- 
tially lucrative contract. 

would lose a critical year out 
of whai could be viewed as 
the prime of his career and 
would have no guarantee that 
he would become a free agent 
next January, as his agent, 
Don Nomura, contends. 

The Padres would be 
losers, too. They might still 
hold rights to Irabu, but theirs 
would be an empty posses- 
sion. They would gain neither 
the players who have been 
offered or the several million 
dollars that could have been 
theirs. The Padres could use 
that money later in the season, 
when they look elsewhere for 
a player to help them secure 
the National League West 
championship or the wild- 
card slot in the playoffs. 

It is not clear why the Padres 

have not made a deal. Larry 
Lucchino, then: president, has 
said the nature of the elements 
involved make a deal more 
complex than most. But be 
also said, “It’s gone on long 
enough for us to get a feel of 
the clubs that are interested." 

The Padres could find they 
overplayed their hand. 

Irabu, on the other hand, 
may find a year from now that 
he cannot be a free agent, as 
Nomura contends he should 
be. Under Japanese rules, a 
player who sits out a year is 
considered to be voluntarily 
retired and thus free from his 
team’s reserve list. 

But Japanese baseball of- 
ficials have said that Irabu 
will not be a free agent. They 
have said his case is different 

because the Chiba Lotte Mar- 
ines gave his rights to the 
Padres. If the case goes to 
next January — Nomura said 
Irabu should be a free agent 
Jan. 9 — - and the major league 
executive council continues 
the Padres' right to exclus- 
ivity, the players association 
will rertamJy challenge that 
position through a grievance. 

At least one other possib- 
ility exists. Irabu coold return 
to the United States and play 
this season in an independent 
minor league. Bill Murray, 
executive director of baseball 
operations in the commission- 
er’s office, said that because 

the independent leagues are 
not afftiia ‘ * ‘ 

filiated with Major 
League Baseball, they can 
sign any player they wish. 



Exhibition Baseball 


Los Angeles 9. Cincinnati (ssj 2 
Florida 5. Montreal 4 
PMtadelpnta 9, Oevetaia i 
Houston 7. Detroit 5 
Texas 1 Boston 0 
Oakland 16. San Francisco 7 
Seattle Ift San Dfega T2 
Minnesota 12. Chicago White Sax 10 
□ndmiaft (ssj 10. Prtftbungh* 
MHwaukw 8. Cfltarado 3 

San Antonio 










paoftc onnsroN 

x- Seattle 




*- LA. Lakers 










LA. Clippers 





Sa ci omenta 










Golden State 





x-dtnehed playoff spot: 


Utah 30 34 36 13-113 

Boston 28 23 21 28—100 

U: Malone 1 3-18 6-6 32. Homacefc 5-100-0 
11: B: Walker 8-16 5-5 22, WUOams 5-8 12-15 
22. R e bounds Utah 55 (Malone 12). Boston 


NBA Standings 

■Aston comatmcs 


dl (Walker 8J. Assists— Utah 29 (Stockton 
10). Boston 18 (Wesley 6). 

New York 27 26 25 33-111 

PMMefetla 22 27 23 28—100 

N.Y.: Ewing 11-21 8-1 1 3ft Johnson B-14 5- 
5 21. Starks 7-14 4-4 21; P: Coleman 1 1 -213-4 
25, Iverson 9-241-2 22. Rebeunds-New York 

G5j Sprewefl 9-19 7-9 27, Price 9-13 3-3 24 
Mi Mashbum 9-229-1229. Brown 9-13 1-2 19. 
Rebounds -OS. 56 (Marshal 11). Miami 54 
(Mcshbunt Brawn 10). Assist*— GddenStrt* 
11 (Sprewetl5), Worn! 20 (Hardaw a y 9). 
Vancouver 16 17 18 2V— 72 

Mbnesato 23 32 22 18— 95 

V: Abdur-Rohlm 6-16 3-4 1ft Peefct 4-12 1- 
1 1ft Vl J .Robinson 7-90-2 lft MJtche«6-ll 
5-6 17. Rebounds— Vancouver 39 (Chllcutf 6). 
Minnesota 65 (Garrett 11). 
Assists— Vancouver 17 (Mayberry 51, 

Minnesota 27 CLRabinson, Gughatta 8 ). 
S qow bc b W 26 29 17 26- 98 

LA.CIppere 22 32 22 32-188 

S: Richmond 10-28 7-8 29. WWamson 7-10 
5-8 19: LA. CUPPERS: 568)7 8-1* W 27, 
Rogers 4-8 9-10 17. Rebounds— Sacr ame nto 
SO (Smith 13), Las Angeles 51 (VOugfd 12). 
Assists— Sacramento 15 (Smith 4), Los 
Angete 19 (Bony, Deitem 4). 










33 14 













Central division 







x- Dallas 





















St Louts ■ 





















PACIFIC Division 










































Los Angeles 







San Jose 







x-dindied ptoyaff spat: 









x-New York 















New Jo^ey 











13 55 




























21 '6 















32 K 
































48 (Ewing 13>. Philadelphia So (Cateman 13), 
Assists— New York 27 (Starks 6), 
Philadelphia 22 (iwraon 8). 

Oewfand 18 21 18 15-72 

OnEtotte 32 19 19 28-90 

C: Petty 6-14 Ofl 13. PMfe 5-12 2-3 13, C 
Rice 8-30 6-7 22, Qtvoc 6-10 4-* 14 Maswl 7- 
9 2-3 16. Rebounds— Cleveland 36 (PhiBs TV, 
Charlotte 51 (Mason 14). Assist*— Ctewkmd 
15 (Sura 4), Charlotte 26 (Dirac. Bogues 7). 
Toronto 21 24 29 25-99 

Detroit 27 18 25 27— 97 

1: Comtoy 11-22 5-8 78. Christie 6-13 (H»1ft 
O: Thorpe 7-12 7-9 21, Ml Us 6-11 6-6 SO. 
Rebounds— Toronio 53 (Comity U). Detroit 
36 (Thorpe 6). Assists— Toronto 26 (Christie 
7), Detroit 23 IDunws, Hill B1. 
l«8ano 24 25 22 24- 95 

Atlanta 31 34 21 Zl— 107 

1: Miller 6-15 2-3 la, AOovtsB-131-1 17; A: 
Smith 8-14 7-a 23, Blaylock 6-16 *-l 27. 
Rebounds— Indiana 45 1 A. Darts. Smtts 71. 
Atlanta 47 (Mutamoo 18). Assists— Indiana 
1 9 (Best 5), Alton to 24 (Blaylock 9). 

Golden Stale 25 25 19 15 7-91 

Miami 20 26 13 2S 9-93 

National Invitation 

-mmo hound 

Florida state 7fc West Virgin to 71 
Arkansas W.UNLV 73 


NHL Stahumnos 



to L T 





40 21 ID 




x-New Jersey 

38 29 13 





32 24 16 




N.Y. Ranges 

33 30 9 





78 35 8 




Tampa Bay 

27 36 7 




N.Y. Irianden 

25 36 10 





W L T 





37 22 11 





33 30 7 

73 243 



26 32 14 





Florida 0 V 3—4 

N.Y. Istaudars 2 3 1—7 

Pint Period: New York, PfllffY 38 

(SmoSnskl RettteQ 2, New York, Retttel 17 
(Ptortte) Second Period: New York. Green 19 
(Lachance, Bemnzi) Cppi. 4. New Yort, 
Pkrte 3 (Parity) <sh>. 5. F-, Nemuwsky 5 
UaramrsM. Houjh) 6. New York. Wood 4, 
W0. TEW Period: F-Dwrak 16 (Gartner) & 
Nbw YoN, Bemad 7 (Green) (pp). 9. F- 
Wotrener 3 (NanlrtkWty. CtaKned ia F- 
Netnliavsky 6 (Hough. Weils) 11, Now Yortt, 
Paltry 39 (Rektiel SmotaskJi (en>. Shots « 
go* F- 84-10-27. New York 5-8-10—23, 
Sowoe F-Rtzpotrick. New York, Sato 

Montreal 2 1 2—3 

N.Y. Rotgerr 0 3 1-4 

Fnt Period: M- Savage 23 (PopnfcJ. Z 
M-, Quintal 6 (Savoys. RecehJ) second 
Period: New York. Courfixrit la (Katporisev, 
Messferi ipo). 4, New Yort, Groves 30 
(Messier. CourtnoD) (pp). 4 M- Brunei 9 
(Damphousso, Conor) (pp). 4 New York. 
Grotty 21 (Swidstrom, Berg) TEW Petto* 
M-Rud risky 24 (Dgmphousse, BuroJ a New 
Vo*K Leotch 19 (Flatter, Eastwood) 9. M-, 
Qomphouase u (Bure. RucJnsfcy) Shots tm 

geek M- 15-14-18-39. New York 10-11- 

9 — 30. GoritoK M-THboeN. New York, 

New Jersey 0 1 T 0-2 

toasbtagtaa 118 0-2 

Hrst Period: W-Coto 5 IMRtas Bandra) 
Second Porto* NJ.-ZelepuUn 13 (Gftnour, 
Nledenwyeri X w-Pluonka 7 (Bandra) 
Third Perio* NJ.-GRmeur 21 (AndreycM*. 
Nledemiayeri (pp). Overtkaa: None. 9Hts 
on pm fc NJ.- 12-10-7-2-31. to- 14-11-4- 
1—30. GoaHes: Nj.-Brodeur. W-RanfcnL 
PEHodelpMa 1 1 4-4 

Toronto 1 l W 

FW Perio* T-Comety 1 (Kypteoa 
MQGQUn] 2. P Undras 2S (Gotfeyl Second 
Perio* T -Cooper 3 (Convoy. Zeffler) 4 P* 
Penbenj T9 ILeOolr, Undros) ThW Perio* T- 
BererfnZl (SundtnJ 4 P-Ltrukos 25 CRenPerg. 
IdOairi 7, P-. Undros 26 (Renberg) & P- 
Renberg20 (DesjonOns Undros) 9, PiW« 
27 (LflOalr, HetfalD ten). Shots or goat P- 15- 

10- 17-42. T. e-i 3-7— 28. GotofcK P-Ho«a. 

BeStTO 1 ® 9- 1 

Detroit 8 2 2-4 

First Period: B-Roy 6 (StaoipeL ADlscn) 
(pp). Second Perio* D-Murphy B (Utfctaw. 
Hudson) (pp). 4 D-Lflrfomr It (McCarty, 
KonsWflfifwvl Third Potto* D-towd 2 
(Larionov! 5, D-, Larionov 12 (Karafenffnar, 
McCarty! Shots on goat: B- 9-3-2—14. 0- 8- 
10*12— M. GoaSoc B-Corey. D-H orison. 
Phoenix 0 2 8-® 

Dabs 4 2 1-7 

FW Petto* D-Reki 16 (Bwsen, HotctwJ 
Z D- Aria ms 18 (Syrior. Madam) % 0- 
Nleuwcndyk 28 (Hogue, Langenbrannari 4 
D-Sydor 8 (Modano) second Petto* Phoonk 
Tkadnik 42 (Finley) (sh). a O-Nteuwendyk 
29 (Vtobeek, Adams) 7, Phoenix, Roenk* 23 
(Drake. Running) (pp). & D-Hanrey 8 
{Modena Braten) TWrt Porto* D-Braten 8 
(Modanoh Hatched (*W- Shto* m go* 
Phoenix 9-11-5-21 D- 1M 2-7-30, OmE e* 
Phoet*. Khob&uBa JaWomW. D-hhe. 
SonJose # 1 1— 2 

fy4j"* y 1 1 2 — 4 

Ffrsl Perio* C-snnvn 4 (iglnta. Mdnntsi 
Second Perio* SJ.-Gronata 3Q {Sutler. 

Ncaonxr) a C-Reury 27, (sh). Third Perio* 
SJ.-G00B0 11 (Rothfe. PeRonen) 5. C- 
Hoglund 19 (Gogner, Hutoe) 6. C-Ptewy 78. 
Shot* m got* SJ.- 2-6-5—13, C- 17-8-9—34 
Goobes: S J.-Bettour. C-tOdeL 
Tampa Boy 1 0 0—1 

Edmonton 1 0 2—3 

1st Perio* E-Grier 14 (McGills. Weight) 
<ppt. Z T-mrauner 14 (Anderson) (ah). 2ad 
Perfect None. W Perio* E-Buetiberger 7 
(Merchant) 4 E-Czerkawrid 24 (Grier, Mur- 
ray) Shan an goal: T- 12-15-7-34. E- 6-7- 
12—25. Cades T-Taborecd. E-Joseph. 

Los Angeles I 1 0-2 

AnMm 2 1 3-6 

1st Perio* ArOtwy 9 (Janssens. Knrpa) 2. 
Las Angeles. Staven 13 (R-Vopak Blake) 3iA- 
Mbencw 12 (Kartya. Van Impel (pp). 2nd 
Perio* A-Sekmne 44 5 la.-, Ferraro 24 
(Tsyplakov, Murray) 3d Perio* A-Pmkl (Ba- 
umgartner. TretfJJ 7, A-van bnpe4 (Setanne, 
Mironov) (pp). B> A-> Setanne 45 (RuaMft 
Mbonou) Shots an got* LA.- 11-164—35. A- 
17-10-10—37. Gaafles: LA- Dafoe. A- Hebert 

A. Kristy Sargeant/Krtstolrtz. Canada 10J) 

7. Sarah AbfttcVSfephone Bemarfe Fra. T0J 

8. Dorota Zogoreka/MartuH Siudok. Pol. 13J 

9. Elena Berezhnata'ASlUwroiicteHirss.iaj 

10. Peggy Schwa R/Mlrko Muefler, Ger. 145 
11. 5hen XiWZhoe Hongba China 1 6.0 

12. Mariana KhaffurintVA Kroukov, Km. 16J) 
] Sllvto DtmttiavarRiCQ Rex. Germany l o.o 

14. M-C. SwantGagnwVL Brodet. Can. 21 j 

15. S. Slleglefl'John Ommerman. 05. 21 J 

I : ■ e 



b f ii i Bii ii eai e arBriabiniWM^..-— — 

1-OksoTM CrischulVE. PtaJov, Russ. 1J 

2. Anfeflko KryHwD. Ovsfannlkov, Russ* 7 _D 

3. Shoe-Lynn Baume/V. Kroofc Can., ia 

*■ 'toPfcrifcfPascal (javanchy. Ft. 43 

5. Manna Anlsslnattwendal Petferat F r .4J 

6. Ellsabeta PwsataivJ. Swallow. U5. 6J3 

a MHZ i^’ 0dlWa ' ll|l ° AvwbukJl. Russ. 7JQ 
^mnoRornanova/igorVaroshenka UL an 

9. Atargartta Drobtamyp. Vonagos. Uttu 9.2 

10. Barbara Fosw-PoH/m. Morgaalfo, ft, 90 

11. S ytwjq Nonak/S. KotastaGkl Pol. 1 U 

13. Kan WinMet/ReiK Loftse, Gar. 112 
14 Trtlona NavkaiN. Morozov, Belarus. 118 

(eerier 3ft Btadthum 36. Euerton 36. Derby 
32, Sunderland 32, West Ham 3ft Coventry 3ft 
NwtWflitom Forest 29, Middlesbrough 2ft 
Southampton 26. 


Juveirtas, Italy 2, Rosenborg, Norway, 0 
Uuvtrrtus vrin 3-1 on aggregate) . 

AttetkD Madrid, Spa. 2, AJox, Neihetlands 3 
(A|m win 4-3 an aggregate) 

Autoerre, Franca ft Bor. Dortmund. Ger. 1 
(Borusski win 4-1 on aggregate) 
p oi» Portugal, a Manchester U. England 0 

(Manchester win 4-0 an aggregate) 


Central Districts: 227 In SO avers 
Sri Lanka: 228 tor tour In A3 oven. 

Sri Lanka won by six wkfceti 


World Championship 


J. Mandy toaeOekinga Steuer, Germwiy 1 J 
2. Martaa EtBovcdAntfeel Bushkov. Run. 10 
1 Oftsaru KeSduwtoAitur Dmitriev, Russ. 6JD 
4 Kyolro InaUasan Dungfen U^. 6-5 
& Jennl MerwTodtJ Sank 0 J. 7JD 


Saudi Arabia 4 Bangladesh l 
Malaysia 2. Taiwan 0 

^“^ro^Motarik 1 7 points. Sows Ani 
bia l. Taiwan 3, Bangladesh 0. 

Mal ta 1, H ungary 4 

Chasea 1. Southampiofi 0 
Leicester 1. Tottenham 1 
Middlesbrough £ Btadctom t 
irtmulatyp, MonOteslBr United *n 1 1. 




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F8 Oonyl Johnston to 

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PAGE 25 

Jl§fe§.* V 

f»v*r- -I.*'. ■ >-■ .A: 

Super Mario on Ice 

Lemieux May Be Saying Farewell 

v_ Vantage Point /O ave Anderson 

'-,C=V -T- 

..-.Trrr, .■*>.-”.!• 

.* • . -I . Net*' York Times Service 

- Od his first shot on his first shift in his 
* first game for the Pittsburgh Penguins in 
.1984, he scored a goaj. But sometime 
.‘soon Mario Lemieux might be taking 
-his last shot on his last shift in his last 
. game. Don’t be surprised if he scores. 

With 105 points, including 44 goals, 
k ! he’s almost sure to win his sixth Na- 
tional Hockey League scoring title. But 
. he keeps saying this is “probably” his 
last season. Some think it’s not definite 
only because he doesn’t want the fuss of 
. a farewell tour. 

Most of the great ones don ’t depart at 
; the top of their game, or anywhere near 
it. Joe DiMaggio, Jim Brown and Rocky 
; Marciano were the exceptions. And 

■ now Super Mario. 

He’s only 31, and whenever he’s on 
-■the ice, he’s still hockey’s best player. 
CBut he’s a battered 31. He needed ra- 
>diation treatments early in 19 93 f or 

■ Hodgkin’s disease. Six months later he 
! needed back surgery for a second time, 

which led to his missing the 1994-95 
; season before he returned to lead the 
league in scoring a year ago. 

He's entitled to not want to be 
* . battered any more. But that doesn’t 
’ • lessen hockey’s loss. 

If it’s your last look at Super Mario, 

• take a good look because he’s one of the 
; gods of the game, up there with Gordie 
Howe and Bobby Orr and Wayne Gret- 
; 2 ky. 

“Mario and Wayne, they’re two dif- 
- ferent types,” said Jacques Lemaire, the 
; New Jersey Devils ’ coach. ‘ ‘One smaller 
and niftier, the other very smooth. I tell 
' my players. ‘You can’t give Mario too 
'much room. You want to reduce his time. 
Make him pass it a little quicker.' ” 

But even if he is forced 10 pass the 
-'puck, take a good look. If you can 
•“Sometimes," said Lemaire, “it's like 
he makes the puck disappear, then it 

Malone Leads the Band 

f i l*S 

The Associated Press 

Karl Malone became the lOth-biggest 
scorer in NBA history, scoring 32 (mints 
as the Utah Jazz cruised to a 113-100 
victory over the host Boston Celtics. 

Malone has 25.200 points, eight more 
than Jerry West ana 413 fewer than 
Alex English. 

The Jazz, who finished their seven- 
game eastern road trip with a 6-1 record, 
have rolled to the NBA’s second- 

NBA Roundup 

best record and the best one in the 
Western Conference. Much of the credit 
goes to Malone, who has averaged 34.7 
points in the last four games. 

The Celtics, with 22 losses in their 
last 34 games, have the NBA’s second- 
worst record and showed why in two 
stretches Wednesday night — a 13-0 
Utah run late in the second period and a 
12-0 surge to start the third. 

(brick* in. Tsar* 100 Patrick Ewing 
’had 30 points and 13 rebounds as New 
York bed host Philadelphia. New York 
has won nine of 1 1 . but its two losses 
came against sub-JOO teams, the Dallas 
Mavericks and the New Jersey Nets. 

HortwtB 90, Cavaliers 72 In Charlotte. 
Glen Rice had 22 points and Anthony 
Mason added 16 points and 14 rebounds 
as the Hornets avenged their worst loss 
of the season. 

Vlade Divac had 16 points, seven 
assists, six rebounds and five blocks for 
the Hornets, who lost 106-73 to the 
Cavaliers in Cleveland on Jan. 25, in the 
most lopsided game of the season for 
both teams. 

Raptors OB, Pistons 97Marcus Cam by 
scored 13 of his 28 points in die fourth 
quarter to lead visiting Toronto to an 
upset over Detroit 

Hawk* 107, Pacer* 95 Dikembe 
Mutombo had 18 points and 18 re- 
bounds to lead Atlanta over Indiana. 
Steve Smith finished with 23 points, and 
MookieBlaylock had 2 1 points and nine 
assists for Atlanta, which Improved to 
29-4 at home. 

Heat 93, Warrior* 91 P J. Brown had 
three dunks in overtime, and Miami 
overcame a 15-point third-quarter de- 
ficit to beat visiting Golden State. 

Jamal Mashbum paced Miami with 
29 points. 

Tinriwrwohras 95, Qrizzfi** 72 In Min- 
neapolis, the Timberwolves ran off 20 
unanswered points in the second quarter 
and led by as many as 29 down the 
stretch as they sent Vancouver to its 
15th straight loss. 

c&ppara 108, Kings 98 Malik Sealy 
scored 16 of his 27 points in the final 
7:41 as the Clippers strengthened their 
hold on a playoff spot with a victory that 
extended Sacramento's losing streak to 
seven games. 


fv^y .. 

would reappear on somebody else’s 

Lemaire was in Montreal when 
Lemieux, then 18. was in his final sea- 
son with Laval of the Quebec Junior 
Hockey League. “Some nights when he 
wanted to play,” Lemaire recalled, "he 
would score four, five goals.” 

When Lemieux scored 133 goals in 
70 games and 29 more in 14 playoff 
games in his final season at Laval, the 
Penguins, then the NHL’s worst team, 
drafted him No. 1. 

In addition to helping win the Stanley 
Cup in 1991 and 1992, he is the only 
player to have won five different 
trophies — three Hart (Most Valuable 
Player), two Sraythe (MVP in the play- 
offs). Ross (scoring title, and probably a 
sixth this year). Colder (rookie of the 
year) and Masterson (perseverance, 
sportsmanship and dedication). 

‘ ‘If you just see highlights, you might 
think he’s lucky,” said l/lf Samuelsson. 
the New York Ranger defenseman who 
was once Lemieux’ s Penguin team- 
mate. “But if you see him every day. 
you know it’s his overall skill. He can 
skate, shoot and stick- handle. And more 
than anything else, it’s his vision, he’s a 
step ahead." 

Over the years John Vanbiesbrouck, 
the Florida Panthers’ goal tender, has 
fished 27 Lemieux goals out of the net. 

‘ ‘He’s got me more than any other goal- 
tender.” Vanbiesbrouck said. “He’s 
got the wing span of an albatross. For a 
big man, it's amazing bow quickly he 
can react.” 

With 607 goals and 1,477 points, 
Lemieux should be sixth in both career 
categories by the end of the season. But 
as he nears the last shift of his last game, 
the big question will never be answered: 
How many goals and points might he 
have accumulated if he weren't so 

r . • 1 - v> 
tL - *'•' 

wii; ' 



Rjt 5ubblrlnfp- Rmirn 

The Canadiens' Scott Thornton, left, and the Rangers' Darren Langdon trading blows in their game in New York, 

Ex-Flame Fires Up the Islanders 

By Vincent M. Mallozzi 

New Yuri Times Service 

UNIONDALE, New York — It took 
Robert Reichel all day to get from Cal- 
gary to New York, but just 87 seconds to 
get into the hearts of Islander fans. 

Reichel. who was traded Tuesday 
from Calgary to the Islanders in a deal 
that sent Marty Mclnnis to the Flames, 
had a tougher time getting through im- 
migration than he did the Florida de- 
fense. He had one goal and two assists 
Wednesday night in helping his new 
teammates defeat the Panthers, 7-4. 

Florida outshot the Islanders. 28-23. 
and scored three third-period goals 
against Tommy Salo. But neither of 
those statistics reflected New York's 
territorial dominance. 

Reichel. 25. a native of the Czech 
Republic wbo twice scored 40 goals for 
Calgary, looked at home during his first 
shift as an Islander. He assisted on a goal 
by Zigmund Palffy — whose two goals 
Wednesday night gave him 39 for the 
season — to give the Islanders a 1-0 

The new kid in town was just gening 

With 2 minutes 3 seconds left in the 
first period, Reichel sneaked ahead of the 
usually tight Florida defense, took a long 

pass from teammate Dan Plante just in- 
side center ice and made a swift dash 
toward the Panthers' goal tender, Mark 
Fitzpatrick. As Fitzpatrick leaned to his 
left for a split second, Reichel rifled a 
wrist shot to the right to give the Islanders 
a 2-0 advantage, and a wave of mo- 
mentum they rode until the final horn. 

As Reichel skated past the Islander 
bench, pounding gloves with each of his 

new teammates, many of the 11.139 
spectators, most of whom are not used to 
seeing offensive fireworks at Nassau 
Coliseum, rose and cheered wildly. 

In other games. The Associated Press 

Flyev* s. Maple Leafs a Eric Lindros 
scored four goals and added two assists to 
power visiting Philadelphia over 
Toronto. Two of Lindros's goals came 
within a 72-second span in the third peri- 
od. Lindros's linexnaie, Mikael Renberg. 
had the other two Philadelphia goals. 

Stars 7, Coyotes 2 Joe Nieuwendyk 
scored twice and Mike Modano 
matched his career high with four assists 
as Dallas remained unbeaten at home in 
its last eight games. Greg Adams, 
Darryl Sydor and Neal Broten each had 
a goal and an assist. 

Red Wings 4, Bruins 1 Igor Larionov 
had two goals and an assist, and Larry 
Murphy marked his Detroit debut with a 
goal as the Red Wings beat Boston. 

Devils 2, Capitals 2 Washington ex- 
tended its home unbeaten streak to five 
games as Bill Ranford stopped 29 shots 
and the Capitals tied the Devils. Martin 
Brodeur had 28 saves for New Jersey, 
which has clinched a playoff spot. 

CanacKens 5, Rangers 4 Vincent 
Damphousse set up one goai and scored 
another in the third period as Montreal 
strengthened its playoff hopes with a 
vicrory over host New York. 

Mighty Ducks 6, Kings 2 Teemu 
Selanne scored two goals, and Anaheim 
extended its league-leading unbeaten 
streak to 1 2 games with a victory over 
visiting Los Angeles. 

Flames 4, Sharks 2 In Calgary, Jonas 
Hoglund’s third-period goal snapped a 
tie and led the Flames over San Jose. 
Theoren Fleury scored two goals for 
Calgary earlier in the game. 

Oilers 3, Lightning 1 Kelly Buchber- 
ger’s seventh goal of the season, his 
200th point in the National Hockey 
League, was the winning goal as Ed- 
monton defeated visiting Tampa Bay. 
Mariusz Czerkawski added an insur- 
ance goal. Mike Grier had Edmonton’s 
first goal, his 14th, in the first period. 

Jim McMahon Says He’s Retiring From NFL 

The Associated Press 

CHICAGO — Jim McMahon, the 
free -spirited quarterback who led the 
Chicago Bears to the 1986 Super Bowl 
tide, is walking away from the Na- 
tional Football League with no other 
plans than to spend time with his fam- 
ily and play golf. 

“I’m retiring,” McMahon. 37. told 
The Chicago Tribune on Wednesday. 
“I know this is sad news for all my 
critics, but my family comes first. 

* ‘I’m ready to move on and do noth- 
ing except play golf and hang out with 
our four kids. They’ve seen die world, 
following me around. We love it here. 
They deserve to settle down in one 
home, and so does my wife. Saint 

McMahon, who threw only four 
passes last season as the backup quar- 
terback for Green Bay. said he told the 
Packers’ coach. Mike Holmgren, of his 
decision this week. 

Holmgren released a statement 
Thursday saying he and McMahon 
had talked. 

He added that when be asked the 
quarterback. “If I need you down the 
road, can we talk again?” McMahon 
replied, “Sure.” 

McMahon, a onetime Brigham 
Young University star, left Chicago in 
a trade with San Diego in 1989. He 
also has spent time with Philadelphia. 
Minnesota, Arizona and Cleveland. 

Florida State 
And Arkansas 
Head for NIT 

The Associated Press 

Kareera Reid is going home. The 
sophomore guard from the Bronx and his 
Arkansas teammates are headed for New 
York’s Madison Square Garden and the 
semifinals of the National Invitation 

They earned the trip with an 86-73 
victory over the University of Nevada/ 
Las Vegas on Wednesday night in Fay- 
etteville, Arkansas, and next week will 
play the winner of Thursday night's 
contest between Notre Dame and 

Florida State also won a trip to New 
York with a 76-71 victory over West 

Tank Wallace hit three 3-pointers, 
Pat Bradley two and Glendon Alex- 
ander one as Arkansas outscored UN- 
LV. 32-15, in an eight-minute span in 
the second half to overcome a 6 -point 
UNLV advantage. T wo baskets by Reid 
ended the spurt and made it 63-52. 

UNLV (22-10) made four runs at 
Arkansas (1 8- 1 2) during the final seven 
minutes, and Reid helped stifle three of 
the rallies. 

It was 65-59 when he drove into the 
lane for a basket. It was 70-64 when be 
stole the ball and got it to Wallace, who 
hit a 3-poimer. 

Wallace, who scored a career-high 20, 
was l-of-3 on 3-pointers in the first half, 
but 4-of-7 in die second half. Bradley had 
23, including 14 in the second half. 

The Rebels had to be tired. On 
Monday night, they beat Hawaii in over- 
time and men left Las Vegas after 1 
A.M. Some players flew to Dallas; oth- 
ers to Houston. They got together in 
Tulsa. Oklahoma, and arrived in Fay- 
etteville after a two-hour ride in vans. 
They practiced Tuesday night after a 
few hours sleep. 

Arkansas led by as many as eight in the 
first half, but the Rebels led 33-31 at the 
half on Keon Clark's fast-break basket. 

UNLV was up 37-31 after 1:15 had 
elapsed in the second half. Alexander’s 
two free throws and jumpers by Wallace 
and Bradley tied it. 

A few moments later, Bradley gave a 
pump fake and stepped around his man 
for a 3-pointer and a 43-42 lead for the 
Rebels- Damian Smith got into the lane 
for a 12-footer (3.5-meters), and Wal- 
lace and Alexander made consecutive 3- 
pointers for a 49-44 lead. 

UNLV had 24 turnovers, including 
15 in the first half. Arkansas made a 
dozen in the first half, but only five in 
the second half. 

“That was the biggest difference," 
said Arkansas's coach, Nolan Richard- 
son. * ‘It made a difference in the flow of 
the game for us. Once we get going, we 
have good outside shooters.” 

Florida State 76, Vast Virginia 71 

James Collins scored 24 points, leading 
visiting Florida State past West Virginia 
into the NIT semifinals. 

The Mountaineers (21-10), trailing 
by three in the final seconds, lost a last 
chance to win when Brent Solheim was 
called for an intentional foul with 2.9 
seconds remaining. Randeli Jackson, 
who finished with 19 points, made both 
free throws, and the Seminoles regained 
possession as time expired. 

Florida State (19-11), playing in the 
postseason for the fust time in four 
years, will face the winner of Friday’s 
Connecticut-Nebraska game next week 
in the semifinals in New York. 




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Usfe aeoFite seasons sou 


Vhome, GARF1ELP j 

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PAGE 26 



Vietnam and LBJ 

By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — Some- 
times the most startling 
stories barely make it into the 
papers. Here's one that ran 
Feb. 15 on an inside page of 
The New York Times. It dis- 
closes that Lyndon Johnson, 
as early as 1964, viewed the 
Vietnam War as pointless. 

The twist that makes this a 
tale for a great fiction writer is 
Johnson's belief that, pointless 
though it was. Congress would 
destroy him if he tried to pull 
oul So be didn't, and so the 
war destroyed him instead. 

The news story is based on 
two tapes of Johnson's 1964 
telephone conversations, re- 
leased by tibe Johnson presi- 
dential library. In one be was 
talking to McGeorge Bundy, 
his national security adviser; in 
the other, with Senator Richard 
B. Russell, chairman of the 
Armed Services Committee 
and one of Johnson's closest 
friends. "The biggest damn 
mess I ever saw,’* Johnson says 
on one tape. “I don’t think it's 
worth fighting for, and I don’t 
think we can get oul” 

Thus Johnson in the spring 
of the 1964 election year. He 
won that election by a land- 
slide while depicting the Re- 
publican Bany Goldwater as a 
war lover too dangerous to be 
trusted with control of the 
atomic bomb. 

Starting with their investi- 
gations of communist influ- 
ences on the Roosevelt and 
Truman governments in the 
1950s, Republicans found it 
politically rewarding to ac- 
cuse Democrats of being “soft 
on communism.” Richard 
Nixon was famous for his pi- 
oneering toil in this vein. 

By the 1950s anti-com- 
munism had become the glue 
binding an otherwise divided 

Republican Party in brother- 
hood. And, oh, how powerful 
were its juicesl The Chinese 
Co mmunis t victory in Asia, 
ha p pe ning during the Truman 
years, encouraged Republi- 
cans to ask, “Who lost 
China?*' Only a dunce could 
doubt that the answer was: 
“Those soft-on-communism 
Denwcrats, they lost China." 

At the same time — even 
more terrifying — the Soviets 
had our atom bomb. Had prob- 
ably stolen the secret of bow to 
make iL Maybe Democrats 
had made it easy for them. 
Democrats not being suffi- 
ciently worried about com- 
munism to weed Red scientists 
out of our atom-bomb plants. 

Soon more ruthless Repub- 
lican campaigners were call- 
ing the Roosevelt and Truman 
years “20 years of treason.” 
Johnson had lived through all 
this and seen tbe party battered 
for not matching Republicans 
in anti-communist zeal. 

And what was the Vietnam 
War? An anti-cotxununist at- 
tempt to prevent global con- 
quest by Marxism. In 1964 
Johnson had sound reason to 
suppose that pulling out of Vi- 
etnam just because it was 
pointless would have terrible 

The anti-communist pas- 
sion of Americans was still 
too strong for any president to 
acknowledge that the Viet- 
nam game was not worth the 
medal. After President Ken- 
nedy's death, colleagues said 
he would have pulled out if 
re-elected in 1964. Maybe, 
maybe not Who knows? 
What we do know now is that 
Johnson realized from the 
start that he was marching 
resolutely to nowhere. 

Another decade of point- 
less dying ensued largely be- 
cause long-embedded Amer- 
ican political passions 
demanded iL 

iVfvv York Times Service 

Both Raw and Elegant: De Kooning’s Contrasts 

By Paul Ricbard 

Washington PoSi Service 

De Kooning dreaded resolution. His paint- 
ings, like his any studio by tbe beach, were 
famously unfinished He’d build them, then 

W ASHINGTON —Willem de Kooning, destroy them, then rebuild them once again. 

who died Wednesday at age 92 at his “One month a gazebo rises on the lawn; then 
studio on Long Island, never knew precisely, the fireplace is reshaped; next a portico is 
never chose to know, where it was that he was threate n ed,” the critic Thomas Hess wrote of 
headed He loved the slippage and the flow of de Kooning’s studio at tbe Pines near East 

‘ next a portico is 
omas Hess wrote of 

the open situation. His rest- 
lessness was constant 
hi Manhattan in the ’40s 
— when.that city seized the 
lead in vanguard art from 
Paris — he helped bring 
something new, a cour- 
ageous spontaneity, a sud- 
den physicality, to the act of 
painting plenties. “He was 
it,” said Jacksjon Pollock. 

His paintings clash and 
tremble. They are elegant and 
vulgar, abstract and repres- 
entational. lyrical and raw, 
and they are all these things at 
once. Everything about his 
art shivers with uncertainty. 
He painted anguished men m 
shadowed rooms, and large 
ferocious women, and lyrical 
evocations of sunlight on the 
sand And always he moved 
on. He linked abstraction to 

Hampton on Long Island He 
“probably always will be 

De Kooning, about 1975. 

De Kooning all his life was 
secure in insecurity. He en- 
joyed gening lost He said, in 
1949: “In Genesis it is said 
that in the begin n i n g was the 
void and God acted upon iL 
For an artist (hat is dear 
enough. . . . One is utterly lost 
in space forever. You can 
float in it, fly in it, suspend in 
it, and today it seems, to 
tremble in it is maybe tbe 
best . . . In art, one idea is as 
good as another. If one lakes 
the idea of trembling, for in- 
stance, all of a sudden most of 
art starts to tremble. 
Michelangelo starts to 
tremble, El Greco starts to 
tremble. All the Impression- 
ists start to tremble Cez- 

tbe figure, and tbe figure to its ground, and tbe anne was always trembling, but very pre- 
harsh, explosive gesture of the new action cisely.” 

painting to portraiture and landscape. Beneath He said he made his pictures with “no 
die pressure of his fierce attack, boundaries fear, but a lot of trembling.” That phrase, a 
dissolved. ■ gloss of Kierkegaard, is about as close as de 

Do not try to see him as an abstract painter Kooning got to scholarship. He was no in- 
onlv. Consider him. instead, America’s teUectual. He said, “I have no message.” 

only. Consider him. instead, America’s 
Dutch master. You heard Holland in his 

Uectual. He said, “I have no message.” 
He loved drawing with his eyes closed, or 

voice; and you saw it in his an. In his while looking at tbe television screen, or with 
ceaseless explorations, the courage and the charcoal in both hands. Like the other Ab- 
seeking and the saucy secularly of Dutch stract Expressionists, he painted in a kind of 
sailors and adventurers are somehow re- trance. But de Kooning, more than most, was 
united with the look of light on water and the unsure of what he sought He would know it 
free and energetic brush work of Frans Hals, when be found it The vision he was seeking 
Countless younger painters tried to follow kept dissolving and retreating. He couldn't 
his example, but not one had his vehemence, quite describe it. It was, he said, ‘ ‘ a glimpse 
and none could match the singing tensile of something, an encounter, like a flash.” 

energy — or the power of suggestion — of 
his ever-changing line. 

He did not always hit His sculptures 
seem, at times, crude and inexplicable. Tbe 

“He wanted everything in the picture out worst of his blind drawings are little more 
of equilibrium except the spontaneity of it than scribbles. And for a while, in the '70s. 

all,” wrote his downtown New York neigh- 
bor, dance critic Edwin Denby. 

the garish women that he kept painting 
looked like laughable cartoons of the god~ 

“With de Kooning." his painter pal Franz dess-monsters he had conjured 20 years be- 
Kline said, “die procedure is continual fore. 

change, and die immediacy of (he change.” In New York he was lionized as an ex- 

istential hero — a runner of 
great risks, a conffonter of 
the void, a daring art-world 
version of Hemingway or • . 
Camus, Philip Marlowe or 1*4 
Sam Spade. 

He was an action painter, 
truly, one of those New 
Yorkers who. in a phrase of ® 
Harold Rosenberg’s, look- 
ed upon the canvas as “an 
arena in which to act ” “It jj?S 
can be described (in a 
simile) as a shift from aes- 
thetics to ethics,” Hess jjjK; 
wrote of the new attitude, v; ; 
“The picture was no longer 
supposed to be Beautiful. 
but True — an accurate rep- .* 
resentation or equivalence ....£ 
of the artist’s inner sensa- j, 
tions and experience. If this r ’ 
meant that the painting had 
to look vulgar, battered and ■ " 
clumsy — so much the bet- •% : 

The new Abstract Ex- 
pressionism took over all at ! . 
once. By the early 1950s. de ; 
Kooning was a painter 
known around the world. 

“There is no single fig- 
ure,” Sam Hunter wrote in 
1958, “who has exerted 
greater influence on Amer- 

■■ <v‘ 



“Woman (Green)/' one of his series. 

igniting over the past ofthene w seemed broad enough to welcome, 

De Kooning’s reputation floundered for a ber breasts and hips and tee*- t .__ i 

while in the 1960rThe women he kept But there was no way to The ; 

painting were primarily responsible. Though painting. Hess wrote. : 

nehad put them in his pictures since the smug traditionalism of vanguard a^nactarL 
1930s, their newest incarnations were and it also stmek a ne^em a larger collective 
viewed as unacceptable. They were, or so his unconscious which had considered me auo- 
’60s critics kept insistently repeating, in- ject of Woman to be safe. sane, and aboveall 
sufficiently abstract. pretty- - - - De Kooning s Woman . . sms . 

Abstract Expressionist painters were sup- the viewer. Above all she is so - 
posed to paint abstractions. History demanded She was. wrote Leo Sternberg in 195.,: 

iL So did such art-world powers as the critic “part witch, part farmers daughter^ 
Gement Greenberg, who wholeheartedly be- mother and part whore. Her image, 

lieved that the most important thrust of all of ney Geist wwie, “exists in the vast 
modem punting was that of “the growing between something scratched on tire wa 
rejection of an illusion of the third dimen- a cave and something scratched -...n the 
sion.” of a urinal.” There was an aura of j 

Greenberg once had told de Kooning, “It violence in her lacerated likeness. She h? 

ney Geist wrote, “exists in the vast area" 
between something scratched on ihz wall of ■ 
a cave and something scratched in the wall 
of a urinal.” There was an aura of great, 
violence in her lacerated likeness. She hadn’t 

is impossible today to paint a face.” ' ‘That - s just been summoned. She d been ferociously 
right,” de Kooning answered, “and it’s im- attacked. . . J „ 

possible not to.” But such wisecracks didn't 
help. Deep space was bad enough. No theory 

“Nobody even noticed,” said tie Koon- 
ing, “that she was funny.” 


‘ * * § 

T HE successful bidder for a 7-foot roll of As- 
sociated Press wire copy detailing moraent-by- 
momeni developments the day President John F. 
Kennedy was assassinated called her find “a very 
serious piece of history.” The dispatches were 
bought by Judi KaJler. president of Kaller’s Amer- 
ica Shoppe and Gallery Inc. for $10,000. who says 
she'll exhibit them at her gallery in Macy's de- 
partment store. The AP dispatches — which cover 
about 90 minutes after the shots were fired — begin 
with a digest of the news of the day. inducting a 
scandal at the New York Stock Exchange and a 
shooting at a child's bi rthday party. Then the copy- 
breaks in with: “BULLETIN Dallas Nov. 22 (AP'i 
President Kennedy was shot today just as his mo- 
torcade left downtown Dallas. Mrs. Kennedy jumped 
up and grabbed Mr. Kennedy. She cried. Oh no! The 
motorcade sped on." 

The countdown to the Academy Awards, which 
pits a lone studio film, “Jeny Maguire,” against 
four independent movies, has struck a discordant 
note in Hollywood. It’s Us versus Them. ' ‘Everyone 
I know is voting for ‘Jerry Maguire,’ ” a Paramount 
wurnorncrmin-rTenmT! _ _ . executive said. At Universal Pictures, an executive 

WHERE GREECE MEETS INDIA The G reek-composer Yanni in the first of said “There are absolutely many executives who 

three concerts on the bank of the Yamuna River behind the Taj Mahal in Agra, are doing this — voting for ‘Jerry Maguire' because 


it’s the one studio movie.” At Disney, an executive 
said "I feel there's a little patriotism at play here.” 
Although Miramax's Anthony MingheHa's '‘Eng- 
lish Patient, ' ' a wartime romance that has earned 12 
Oscar nominations, remains odds-on favorite to win 
best picture ai the ceremony on Monday night, 
studio executives appear to have voted m substantial 
numbers for one of their own — .Sony's "Jerry 
Maguire.” the Cameron Crowe corned* -drama 
about a sports agent, played by Tom Cruise, who 
finds his heart and soul. " 

Sir Alec Guinness, who played the wise cid Jedi 
warrior, Obi-Wan Kenobi, in “'Star' Wars.” refused 
to attend the gala London premiere of its re-release 
on Thursday. "The hype over the reissue of ‘Star 
Wars’ and the constant demands for interviews 
from the press, magazines, radio and TV have got 
me down and my only refuge is to refuse 
everything.” Lhe JO-yeur-bld Oscar-winner said. 

“Disturbing.” "Painful.” “Hyperkinetic.” 
“Sad spectacle.” Rarely are such blunt words used 
by a variety of critics to describe a performance. But 
when the performer is the subject of a tremendously 
popular movie with a warm and fuzzy story line of 

triumph over torment does it matter? Not toitje 
3.000-member audience for pianist David 
Hetfgott’s New York debuL Despite the critics' 
near-unanimous thumbs down at Heifgott’s first 
U.S. conceit two weeks earlier in Boston, the^ sellout 
crowd at Avery Fisher Hall just loved him. The 49- 
year-old Australian pianist, whose straggle with 
mental illness is depicted in Scott Hicks's movie 
“Shine,” got four standing ovations from an audi- 
ence in a city he spent years trying to reach. 

Jerry Lee Lewis and his daughter Fibi anrivedin 
Moscow Thursday to give two concerts. Theit . 
performances are part of a concert series called 
"Heros of Rock and Roll,” bringing in stars from 
the 1 950s and ’60s. Chuck Berry came in February 
and Little Richard is expected.’ 

Henny Young man celebrated his 9! si birthday; 
and his material's not getting any younger, either. 
When the king of the one-liners sai down with his 
family, friends and a few reporters tor lunch and a 
few laughs, it took only the slightest prodding for 
him to slip back into his tried” and true routines. 
Example: Henny, to what can you attribute your 
longevity? "Breathing.” 

' Vi;. V- • " .' 

... •*. 

■** V‘ 

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