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The World’s Dally Newspaper 

Paris, Monday, March 24, 1997 

No. 35.477 

Yeltsin’s Weak NATO Hand 
Reflected the New Reality 

V Hard-Liners Angered 
By ‘Crushing Defeat’ 

Clinton Put Faith 
In Russian Leader 

By Lee Hockstader 

Washington Post Service 

Ijp? j 

. : : 

HELSINKI — President Boris Yeltsin of Rus- HELS1 

sia arrived in Helsinki for his summit meeting ident Bor 
with President Bill Clinton with precious few ton acco 
cards to play against Washington's determi- know it’s 
nation to expand its main security alliance to come aftc 
include Russia’s former allies in Eastern As mu 

, accused c 

Dealt such a weak band, he returned to Mos- devotion 
cow with little choice but to put - 
die best face on an outcome that \rwc an at vcig 

in some ways reflects Russia's 

diminished status in the world. 

Despite Mr. Yeltsin’s vigorous and repeated of Mr. Cli 
opposition to NATO's eastward thrust, the main The Ru 
result of the summit meeting here last week was Clinton, t 
to secure Moscow’s acquiescence in the move, and humi 
In agreeing to disagree — the gentlemanly for- sion in th 
mulation mouthed by both sides — Moscow nership w 
effectively caved in. Mr. ye 

. .That is not so much a failure of Russian ing his re 
diplomacy as a reflection of post-CoId War who was t 
realities. Short of a rupture in relations or a Clinton c 
declaration of war, the Kremlin had little lever- multiple fc 
age to stop or postpone die eastward growth of over a cha 
the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Americ 

Mr. Yeltsin sat scowling through Mr. Clin- improved 
too s opening remarks at the two presidents' seemed mi 
■final news conference, as if he had temporarily 
forgotten that his script called for a brave face 
despite defeat. He loosened up in the end, grin- 
ning broadly for photographers while shaking 
hands with Mr. Clinton. 

By Steven Erlanger 

Net f York Times Service 

HELSINKI — "1 know you trust me.” Pres- 
ident Boris Yeltsin once told President Bill Clin- 
ton. according to American officials. “But I 
know it’s because you are afraid of what may 
come after me.” 

As much as the Clinton administration is 
accused of personalizing Russian politics in its 
devotion to Mr. Yeltsin — as the Bush ad- 
— ■■ ministration was similarly ac- 

VALYSIS cused for its loyalty to Mikhail 
Gorbachev — the summit meet- 
ing last week showed die value 
of Mr. Clinton’s oust. 

The Russian president came through for Mr. 
Clinton, choosing to minimize Russian anger 
and humiliation over NATO’s coming expan- 
sion in (he interests of a larger strategic part- 
nership with Washington and Europe. 

Mr. Yeltsin, who suffered a heart attack dur- 
ing his re-election campaign last summer and 
who was written off by many Russians, let alone 
Clinton critics, has emerged from successful 
multiple bypass surgery to reassert his authority 
over a chaotic Russia — or at least to try. 

American officials say Mr. Yeltsin is much 
improved from his surgery. In fact, they say. he 
seemed more mentally acute in Helsinki than any 


nil 11 

> ; / ■■ 


See NATO, Page 10 

BACK TO FOREFRONT — President Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire speaking at a 
news conference Sunday outside his residence in Kinshasa. It was his first public 
appearance since his return from France after treatment for prostate cancer. Page 6. 

Others in the Russian delegation were not 

ficials disappeared completely after the summit 
meeting's conclusion, leaving journalists to 
guess at their views. 

On the summit meeting’s centerpiece ques- 
tion, the expansion of NATO, the Russians got 
little of what they were hoping for. The Kremlin 
earlier had acknowledged that it could not block 
die planned expansion, expected to begin this 
summer with membership invitations for Po- 
land. Hungary and the Czech Republic. It had 
hoped for a legally binding treaty defining Rus- 
sia's relations with an expanded NATO and 
setting limits on the military role the new mem- 
ber countries would play. 

But the Russians had no means to force the 
West to accept the treaty idea, and, just as the 
Clinton administration bad hoped. Mr. Yeltsin 

See SUMMIT, Page 10 

EU Set to Send 
Police to Secure 
* Aid in Albania 

By Marlise Simons 

New York Times Service 

AMSTERDAM — The European Union is 
expected to send a small military police con- 
tingent to Albania to provide security for the 
delivery of food, medicine and other aid, ac- 
cording to officials of the Dutch government. 

The decision may come as early as Monday 
when the foreign ministers of the 15-nation 
Union will discuss the issue in Brussels, the 
officials said. Envoys of the Albanian govern- 
ment are also expected at the Brussels talks. 

The plan is to send “hundreds but not thou- 
sands” of West European military policemen or 
troops with police tasks, the officials said, to see 
to it that badly needed food and medical supplies 
get into the right hands rather than risk pilfering 
by the many aimed gangs- 

Under die plan, apparently worked out with 
President Sail Berisha of Albania, the contingent 
would also reorganize the Albanian police, who 
often behave as criminals, foreign diplomats 
say. - 

The Dutch foreign minister, Hans van Mierio, 
has already pledged the participation of the 

See ALBANIA, Page 10 

After 40 Years , EU Arrives at Crossroads 

By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — Forty years after the founding 
fathers of European integration launched an 
idealistic experiment in cooperation among gov- 
ernments, Europe is struggling to adapt the co- 
hesive policies of the past to the divisive chal- 
lenges of the future. 

The Treaty of Rome, signed on March 25, 
1957, when Europe was striving to heal the 
physical and emotional wounds of Worid War n, 
has fulfilled most of its framers’ grandest am- 
bitions. War has become so unthinkable among 
the countries of Western Europe that this prim- 
ordial objective is often overlooked today. 

Notwithstanding mounting social pressures. 

the European Union is the world's wealthiest 
group of countries and remains a pole of at- 
traction to its neighbors to the East and South. 

But Europe increasingly looks like the victim 
of its own success, raising questions about the 
treaty's fundamental goal of an “ever closer 
union.” The extension of integration into such 
sensitive areas as a common currency and border 
controls has prompted a nationalist backlash, 
while expansion from the six original members 
to the current 15 has frayed the consensus over 
policy objectives, a trend likely to worsen when 
the EU opens its doors to the 1 1 candidates on its 

Britain's opposition to deeper .integration in., 
current negotiations on EU reform are widely 
shared in Denmark and Sweden, for example. In 

Germany, meanwhile, the record rise in job- 
lessness has led populist politicians such as 
Gerhard Schroeder, the Social Democratic lead- 
er of Lower Saxony, to begin to question Chan- 
cellor Helmut Kohl's vision of binding Germany 
into a European economic and political union. 

Economically, meanwhile, many Europeans 
question whether the progression from common 
tariffs to a common market and ultimately the 
common currency will provide solutions to mass 
unemployment, or merely worsen the problem. 
Persistent joblessness “would be dangerous for 
the future of the Union.” Laraberto Dini, the 
Italian foreign minister, warned in an interview. 
But the EU itself can do tittle directly to cpmbat 

See EUROPE, Page 10 

Sown Kwmg/KeMn 

HONORED — Victor Liu, right, the head of Taiwan’s Stm Yat-sen University, and two 
deans placing a mortarboard on the Dalai Lama's head Sunday as the Tibetan received 
an honorary degree. His arrival in Taiwan set off independence demonstrations. Page 4. 

Ir anians Gear Up for a Presidential Campaign 

As Iran prepares for presidential elections 
May 23, what appears to be a campaign of 
genuine issues and candidates is playing oul 
Although the campaign is still weeks away 
and none of the candidates has been officially 
approved, a form of competition, featuring 

surprisingly open debate, has begun. The front- 
runner, who is speaker of Parliament, is prom- 
ising to improve the economy and enforce 
stricter Islamic law. while the leading underdog 
is pledging more personal freedom and no 
more male supremacy. Page 10. 


One Dead, Dozens Hurt 
As Soccer Fans Brawl 

At least .one Dutch soccer fen died and 
dozens were injured Sunday in a planned brawl 
between supporters of rival first-division clubs 
who used mobile telephones to outmaneuver 
the police in Beverwijk, Netherlands. 

Hundreds of Ajax Amsterdam and Fey- 
enoord Rotterdam fans armed with baseball 
bats, dubs and knives streamed to a vacant area 
along the A9 highway near Amsterdam for a 
showdown ahead of Feyenoord’s match 
against AZ Alkmaar. 

Witnesses said sticks, batons and hammers 
were also among the weapons used by the fans. 
Several cars were set on fire. Page 18. 


Opportunity Knocks in Ireland 


Bodies Found in Canada Linked to Cult 


Buddhist Unrest Spread!* to Rangoon 

Books Page®. 

Crossword...... ... Page 9. 

Opinion Page 8- 

S ports Pages 18-20. 

In ternational Classified Page 4. 

The iHT on-line http:/Avwvv. 

Israel Demands 
That Arabs 
Work to Stop 
Terror Attacks 

But Netanyahu Overrules 
Cabinet Members Who 
Ifhnted to Halt Talks 

By Serge Schmemann 

New York Tunes Service 

JERUSALEM — In the wake of a suicide 
bombing at a Tel Aviv cafiS last week, the Israeli 
government demanded Sunday that the Pales- 
tinian Authority take measures against further 
acts of terror but stopped short of threatening to 
stop peace negotiations. 

The government’s statement, issued after a 
meeting of the cabinet's committee on national 
security, was accompanied by a blitz of public 
declarations from Prime Minister Benjamin Net- 
anyahu and his security chiefs charging the Pal- 
estinian leadership with giving an indirect ‘ ‘green 
light” for terror attacks and street violence. 

Palestinian youths once again took to the 
streets of Hebron to pek Israeli troops with 
stones, but in contrast to recent days, the Pal- 
estinian police succeeded in restraining the pro- 
testers. and Israeli soldiers held back from taking 
any action. Enclosed by a heavy ring of soldiers 
in full battle gear, Jewish settlers paraded 
through Hebron in the Halloween-like costumes 
of the Jewish holiday of Purim. 

The Israeli security forces also maintained a 
high alert against the possibility of another strike 
by Palestinian radicals after Friday’s suicide 
bombing of the caf£, in which three women were 

Soldiers until bomb-sniffing dogs patrolled 
Tel Aviv's central Dizengoff Street, which is 
usually cordoned off for Purim. 

Sunday’s session of what is known as the 
* ‘inner security cabinet' ' was the first meeting of 
the government since the bombing. It was 
watched carefully for an indication of how Mr. 
Netanyahu intended to proceed, and whether he 
would take the sort of severe measures he had 
advocated in such cases as an opposition leader. 

Israeli television reported that hard-line mem- 
bers of the cabinet, including Ariel Sharon, 
Natan Sharansky and Rafael Eitan, demanded an 
end to negotiations and the installation of eco- 
. nomic sanctions against the Palestinian areas 
unless Mr. Arafat rearrested the 150 Palestinian 
militants he is said to have released over the past 
eight months. 

The statement that emerged, however, made 
no mention of punitive measures, or of Mr. 
Arafat by name. It said the government “de- 
mands that the Palestinian Authority fulfill its 
obligation to fight terrorism and violence as a 
necessary stage in advancing the peace pro- 

In a subsequent interview, Mr. Netanyahu 
avoided direct answers when asked whether he 
intended to suspend the negotiations. 

The talks are frozen in any event, since Mr. 
Arafat pulled back his negotiators in anger early 
this month after Mr. Netanyahu's government 
approved the construction of a new Jewish 
neighborhood in East Jerusalem and then sched- 
uled a withdrawal from the West Bank that the 
Palestinians rejected as for too small. 

Through all the tumult, Mr. Arafat flew to 
Pakistan for an Islamic summit meeting, where 
he was assured of a warm response to his charges 
of Israeli “obstinacy and intransigence.” It was 
not entirely clear when he would return, or 
whether he went ahead with the trip as a de- 
liberate demonstration of defiance. 

Western diplomats said Mr. Netanyahu’s re- 
sponse to the bombing apparently reflected the 

spouse to the bombing apparently reflected the 
calculation that a combination of public pressure 
and tactical restraint might bring Mr. Arafat back 
to battling the militant Islamic organizations, as 
he was doing until relations with the Israeli 
government began to sour last summer. 

The diplomats said the prime minister might 
also believe that with Mr. Arafat on the defensive 
in die wake of the suicide bombing. Mr. Net- 
anyahu may have a better chance of pursuing his 
proposal to forego further interim steps and 
plunge directly into negotiations on a final set- 
tlement. with the intention of reaching one with- 
in six months. 'Mr. Netanyahu floated that idea 

See ISRAEL, Page 10 

100 Days to Handover, Chinese Count the Minutes 

For Many to the North , Hong Kong Stirs Curiosity and Suspicion 

By Steven Mufson 

. , ' — 'I Washington Post Service ■ ■ - ■ 

: BEIJING — • Zbu Ghaoyang knelt in 
front of the Museum of the History of 
the' Revolution alongside Tiananmen 
Square and aimed his camera at the 
giant dig ital clock that is counting down 

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the days and seconds left until British- 
nm Hong Kong returns to Chinese sov- 
ereignty. Click. 

A tourist from the northeastern city of 
Shenyang, Mr. Zhu posed in his pullover 
sweater and blue jeans while a stranger 
took his picture. He positioned himself 
in front of die clock and smiled. Click. 

How did be feel about die reuni- 
fication with Hong Kong that will take 
place 100 days from today? 

A rugby union is a social fixture 
in the British colony. Page 18. 

“The Chinese government will have 
to crack down in Hong Kong,' ’ Mr . Zhu 
said. He said that Hong Kong is full of 
gangsters, drug dealers and sex fiends. 

At least that is what he has seen on 
television and in the movies. People in 
Hong Kong “may be clever,” he said, 
"but they're not intelligent. Hong Kong 
people only care about making money. 
You can only trust them about 20 per- 
cent of the time.” 

Mr. Zhu's attitudes are typical of 
people from northern China who regard 
the July 1 handover of power in Hong 
Kong from Britain to China with a mix- 
ture of pride and prejudice. Although 
the government is promoting the event 
as a symbol of national unity and dig- 
nity. many Chinese see people from 
Hong Kong as being, to put it politely, 

“Beijing people are honest and 
straightforward,’ ' said die manager of a 
porcelain factory who was taking pho- 
tos of the countdown clock last week. 
“Beijing has a higher cultural level and 
a higher level in terms of manners. Hong 
Kong films and television programs are 
very low-brow and commercial.” 

A chemical engineer who was taking 
photos in front of die clock agreed: 
’ ‘They don’t have any taste.” 

These are not the sort of warm feel- 
ings the Chinese government wants to 
emphasize as it prepares for one of the 
decade’s biggest photo opportunities. 

See HONG KONG, Page 10 

For Mexican Gangsters, 
Jail Is the Lap of Luxury 

Cbm Cociofllctaai 

A democracy activist watching pro- 
Chinese marchers marking the start 
of the 100-day countdown Sunday. 

By John Ward Anderson 
and Molly Moore 

Washington Post Service 

MEXICO CITY — Fepe de la Rosa is 
a convicted drag smuggler in the max- 
imum security section of Reclusario 
Norte prism here. But for him, maximum 
security means a two-bedroom apart- 
ment above the warden’s office with 
Mexican tile floors, wood-paneled walls, 
a spacious kitchen and cable television. 

Mr. de la Rosa's custom-designed 
“cell” isn’t the only relatively luxuri- 
ous accommodation in the prism. Ac- 
cording to inmates and former prison 
officials, die maximum security facility 
— a walled island in the prison — is an 
oasis where 19 drag dealers, organized 
crime figures and other well-connected 
prisoners have multiple rooms; a gym- 
nasium with weight machines; Dom- 
ino’s Pizza delivery; cooks and maids; 
regular access to dings, women and 
alcohol, and a lush garden where they 
often throw barbecues. 

“Those people are not in maximum 
security because officials want to keep 
an eye on them.” said an inmate in the 
general prison who has visited the com- 
pound frequently. 

The compound also houses at least 
two men accused of being connected to 
the 1985 torture and slaying of an Amer- 
ican anti-drug agent, Ennque Camar- 
ena. “They’re in there because they are 
privileged,” the inmate said. 

Inmates and former prison admin- 
istrators also described maximum se- 
curity and an adjacent dormitory at the 
facility on the northern edge of Mexico 
City as the center of multirniUion-dollar 
drug and extortion rings that allegedly 
are run in collusion with prison officials 
who use prisoner gangs as enforcers. 

A former senior prison official in 
Mexico City said be calculated that 
about $1 million a month changed hands 
through bribes to guards, dreg deals, 
prostitution rings, alcohol sales and oth- 

See JAIL, Page 10 

PAGE mo 

Profound Cultural Change / An Emigrant Nation No Longer 

Opportunity Knocks in Ireland, 
Calling Its Flock Back Home 

By WamenHoge 

New York Times Service 

C ORK, Ireland — This river 
town of steeples, hills and 
vividly colored quayside 
storefronts is now the second 
city of the republic, but in the grayer 
past it was the last city in the country 
that millions of Irish men and women 

ever saw. 

They were participants in one of tbe 
world's greatest migrations, forced by 
famine, poverty, colonial persecution 
and lack of jobs to board ships in 
Cork’s port in nearby Cobh ana sail 
away to America, England and Aus- 
tralia in the hope of finding a future that 
this beguiling land could not provide. 

Over time, the travelers changed 
from the bewildered. Cattily attired farm 
workers pictured in sepia photographs 
with their life's possessions in battered 
steamer trunks, to purposeful young 
men and women with college degrees 
in their suit pockets. But for more than 
a century the pattern persisted; To get 

ahead, you had to go abroad. 
Now, quite suddenly 

ty and dramat- 
ically, they are no longer leaving. 
Thousands who had fled are coining 
back. Ireland, the country that once 
stood accused by Janies Joyce, its 
most famous writer, of conferring 
honor only on those who went into 
exile, and that as recently as 1991 was 
still losing 26.000 people a year, is in 
the unaccustomed role of no longer 
being an emigrant nation. 

The end ofthis dominant feature of 
Irish life is emblematic of the pro- 
found changes that have come over 
this society. 

The place whose self-confessed na- 
tional gesture was the tug of the fore- 
lock and whose talismans bespoke 
nostalgia, diversion and melancholy 
finds itself today with Europe’s fast- 
est-growing economy and a young, 
continental-inclined citizenry redefin- 
ing Irishness in exuberant new ways. 

Hie Irish have thrown over whai 
they considered the inhibiting influ- 
ence of the church and explored the 
possibilities opened up by higher edu- 
cation. If the centerpiece of the Irish 
workplace was long the plow, now it is 
the computer keyboard, a telling sym- 
bol of the new Irish condition because 
while it promises progress for the 
growing numbers of the literate, it also 
leaves even farther behind dismay- 
ingly large numbers of the unskilled. 

Ireland Moves Ahead 

New figures show that Ireland's per 
capita gross domestic product has 
edged ahead of Britain's. Taking the 
European Union average as 100 
percent the new figures for 1996 
show Ireland's per capita GDP at 
100.7 percent compared with 98.9 
percent for Britain. 1 ' 

120 % 

T - r ’T- r "T- r "l 

'61-70 71- , 80 '81-*90 *91 *92 B3 ‘94 ’85 Be 

*At current marital prices. Currencies converted 
on the basis of equivalent purchasing power. 

Source: European Commission 


‘ 'These people returning from Eng- 
land and America are very important 
for us,” said J. J. Lee. a historian from 

University College Cork and a mem- 
ber erf the Irish Senate. "They bring 

back the message that they went 
abroad and found that the Irish could 
be competitive.” 

Joe O’Brien, 37. an architect who 
has returned here to his home city after 
years of designing and building in 
London, said. "There is a fantastic 
buzz in the country, there’s a really 
good feeling." 

Eighteen of the 20 members of his 
University College Dublin School of 
Architecture class of 1984 emigrated, 
and be said be believed that almost all 
had now come back. “When I left. I had 
no illusions about returning,’ ’ be said. 

Mr. O'Brien stood on one of tbe 
stone bridges spanning the Lee River 
talking to Jeff Robinson, 32, a gradu- 
ate ofTrinity College Dublin who was 
one of the 14 of tus class of 16 en- 
gineering students in 1986 who emig- 
rated, but is now back to bead tbe new 
Cork office of Ove Amp & Partners 
consulting engineers. 

There is so much opportunity in 
Ireland that industries are holding re- 
cruitment fairs in downtown hotels, 
setting up booths at airports and pub- 

lishing “We need you back in Ire- 
land" advertisements aimed at per- 
suading young Irish men and women 
abroad that the country now offers die 
challenge for their skills and tbe wages 
to make returning a good bet. 

What is luring them back is a coun- 
try that has an annual economic growth 
rate of 7 percent, inflation of less than 
2 percent, a declining deficit and sur- 
ging consumer confidence represented 
by record levels in telling indices like 
new car sales and bousing starts. Ire- 
land’s growth rate is nearly three times 
that of Britain, which is credited with 
having tbe most buoyant economy of 
any major European country. 


n a statistic that is arresting when 
considered in the context of the 
traditional relationship between 
Ireland and Britain, the per capita 

gross domestic product here has just 

surpassed that of Britain. 

‘The Irish people of my day def- 
initely suffered fro 

m an inferiority 


complex, and we bad 30,000 to 40. 
emigrating to Britain every year," 
said Tom Mitchell, provost of Trinity 
College Dublin. “We bad achieved 
political autonomy from the British, 
but no other kind." be said. "Ireland 
took to Europe like a duck to water." 
Designated as one of the less 

wealthy nations in the European Uni- 
’ for subsidies of 

on. Ireland qualified 


more than $3 billion a year and has 

been canny in putting it to use. 

The country has established a sound 
infrastructure and attracted a vast 
number of multinational companies in 
information technology and pharma- 
ceuticals with generous development 
deals and draws like a corporate tax 
rate of only 10 percent 

Ireland's small-farm-based agricul- 
ture has been particularly well suited 
to tbe European Union's Common 
Agricultural Policy that has estab- 
lished secure prices in what had long 
been an area of Irish life that was 
particularly vulnerable to pressures 
outside the country's control. 

In the most visible benefit of Euro- 
pean benevolence. Ireland's cities are 
now linked by modem highways. Big 
rectangular blue billboards with the 
European Community symbolic 
corona of stars overlook intersections 
and cloverieafs announcing where 
major financing for the improvement 
came from. 

Giant cranes lumber across Dublin’s 

Joe O’Brien, left, and Jeff Robinson both returned to their native Ireland when opportunities there improved. 

skyline, and glass and steel buildings 
are rising in areas of the city that once 
were so derelict and dreary that West- 
ern filmmakers favored them as stand- 
ins for inaccessible Eastern bloc lo- 
cations. Gracious Georgian residences 
in city centers are befog restored. 

What will be the largest employ- 
ee International 

meat site in Dublin, the 
Financial Services Center, is going up 
on the abandoned docks next to the old 
Customs House on the LifFey River. A 
principal project manager of tbe de- 
velopment is, predictably, a 32-year- 
old Irishman named Stephen Kilroy 
who joined all but one of the 24 en- 
gineering graduates in his 1987 class 
in emigrating, in his case to the United 
States, and has now returned. 

Sixty percent of all business-ap- 
plication software and 40 percent of 
all personal-computer packaged soft- 
ware sold in Europe is made in Ire- 
land. Indeed, Ireland has done so well 
that it will probably find itself no 
longer on the receiving line when its 
deal with Brussels, where the Euro- 
pean Union is headquartered, comes 
up for review in 1999. 

* ‘It will be interesting to see how we 
react when we suddenly are asked to 
go and pay for roads in Poland,' ’ said 
Kevin Myers, a columnist for The 
Irish Times. 

The one deeply preoccupying as- 
pect of this spreading prosperity is an 
unemployment rate of nearly 12 per- 

cent the dismaying fact that the 
creation of more than 45.000 new jobs 
a year does little to cut into it The rate 
reflects a group of unskill ed and un- 
tutored people in the inner-city slums 
and concrete-block suburban housing 
projects whom the new Irish economy 
does not accommodate. 

"And we arenot talking small num- 
bers.*’ said Mr. Mitchell. "There are 
tens of thousands of them-” 

T here are neighborhoods in 
Dublin with unemployment 
rates as high as 70 percent, 
along with drug addiction and 
crime that is being passed along gen- 
erati dually. “The children are 
trapped," Mr. Mitchell said. "There 
is no equality of opportunity in teems 
of education and teaching skills for 

Hugh Frazer, head of the govern- 

ment's Combat Poverty Agency, ae- 
rify of til 

knowledged the gravity of the prob- 
lem bm said he thought some aspects 
of Ireland's culture might ease it. 

“There’s a degree of social solid- 
arity here because we are a relatively 
classless society." he said. "The 
concept of structural poverty has been 
accepted, and our challenge is to see if 
we can make a modem society an 
inclusive one." 

Mr. Frazer also argued that the new- 
ness of Irish prosperity gave tbe coun- 
try a leg up. "In an expanding situation 

it’s easier to get althe resources/ ;he : 
said. “It’s more difficult torefostrib- 
ate existing resources. ’ ’ ... 

There is broad consensus on whatfo - 
behind the Irish resurgence. . ... 

“Hie credit must go to the ref cams 
in education," said Nicholas Koumari- 
anos, a Briton who Is tbe m an a gi n g . 
director in Ireland for the telecommu- 
nications concern Cable and Wirefess-; ; 
PLC. Mr. Mitchell dated the moves to : 
the middle 1960s, wben tbe govern-- 
men! made secondary education free 
and put school buses on the back roads ., 
to ferry students from remote areas. -- 
If education and progress are foe, 
new adopted religion of Ireland, the 
Roman Catholic Church is rapidly.bts- - 
coming foe old discarded one. 

Cabinet ministers freely use foe _ 
phrase ‘ ‘post-Catholic Ireland, “anda 
well-regarded new book by the writer 
Mary Kenny is titled “Goodbye to; 
Catholic Ireland.' 1 ' ' 

Rocked by a series of sexual scan- 
dais involving pedophilia ami priests 
who have secretly fathered children, 
the church confronts an increasingly 
secular society that no longer follows ' 
its dictates on social and sexual be-.' 
havior. ’ ! r ‘ ' ' 

Tourism is so successful that more 
people visit here each year (4.7 mil- 
lion) than live here (3.6 million). Ami 
the Irish confess, with no apparent L 
smugness, that among the selling 
points are foemseives. - - 


V. S. Pritchett, 96, Prolific Writer and Critic, Dies 


By Sarah Lyall 

New York Times Seniee 

LONDON — V. S. Pritch- 
ett, the versatile and asiound- 
togly prolific English writer 
who over a six-decade career 
became a master of fiction, 
nonfiction, biography and lit- 
erary criticism, died Thurs- 
day at Whittington Hospital 
here. He was 96 years old. 

A man of letters in foe tra- 
dition of Charles Lamb, Ed- 
mund Wilson and William 
Hazlitt — at 88, he published 
his last biography, of Chek- 
hov — Sir Victor was perhaps 
best known for his dozens of 
meticulously observed short 
stories, in which be chron- 
icled the extraordinary under- 
pinning s of ordinary lives. 

Victor Sawdon Pritchett 
was born to genteel lower- 
middle-class poverty in 
Ipswich, Suffolk, on Dec. 16, 
1 900, near foe end of foe reign 
of Queen Victoria, for whom 
he was named. 

"There was this cockspar- 
row, my father, now a com- 
mercial traveler, dressy and 
expansive with optimism, 
walking in and out of jobs with 
the bumptiousness of a god," 
he wrote in “A Cab at foe 
Door" { 1968), foe first volume 
of his memoirs. “There was 
our sulky, moody mother, 
either laughing or in tears." 

His father was a bound- 
lessly optimistic but chron- 
ically unsuccessful business- 
man whose foiled ventures 
necessitated frequent and 
sudden departures in foe cab 
that attended at the door. By 
the time he was 12, the Pritch- 
etts had moved 18 times 


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around London districts and 

As a result, his education 
was undisciplined, haphazard 
and often underachieving, al- 
though he showed a preco- 
cious aptitude 
for languages. 

He also began a 
lifelong habit 
of voracious 
reading of any- 
thing he could 
lay his hands 

“That I un- 
derstood very 
little of what I 
read did not 
matter much to 
me," he wrote. 

“I was caught 
by foe passion 
for print as an 
alcoholic is 
caught by the 
bottle." He de- 
cided to be- 
come a poet, 
but met with 
opposition at 
home, where his father wor- 
ried. Sir Victor wrote, that be 
would * ‘starve in a garret.' ' 

At 15, he was forced to 
leave school and was packed 
off to a menial clerical job ax a 
leather wholesaler. At 20, be 
moved to Paris with very little 
money, vowing never to re- 
turn. He stayed just two years, 
working at a variety of odd 
jobs — among them a pho- 
tographer’s assistant on 
Boulevard des Italiens, and a 
door-to-door salesman of 
paint, shellac and glue — 
while yearning to write. 

The Christian Science 
Monitor published several 
free-lance essays before mak- 
ing him foe paper's Ireland 
correspondent, later sending 
him to Spam, which was as 
exotic to him as China. “I 
spoke no Spanish," he wrote 

Mart GcrmfCatBcm Pros 

V. S. Pritchett, “caught 
by passion for print” 

in "Midnight Oil." "The 
only thing I knew about Spain 
was that it had had foe In- 
quisition and that the Armada 
bad been defeated" 

But Spain was to figure in 
his imagina- 
tion for the rest 
of his life, and 
his impres- 
sions of it led 
to a book of 
short stories, 
"The Spanish 
Virgin an d 

Other Sto- 
ries" (1930) 
and "March- 
ing Spain” 
(1928), an ac- 
count of a 
walking trip 
from south to 

After a brief 
assignment in 
foe United 
States, where 
he wrote about 
poor families 
in Appalachia 
and filled notebooks with dia- 
logue, both he and The Mon- 
itor had had enough. "My 
prose was at last too much for 
them," be said. "I was 

He moved back to London 
and found his way to the of- 
fices of The New Statesman, 
where he was almost imme- 
diately put to work. His as- 
sociation with that journal was 
to last for 40 years, the first 20 
of which, he wrote, he had to 
"work for other papers in or- 
der to afford to write for it.” 

But Sir Victor was never 
again satisfied with a single 
genre of writing, and com- 
bined his book reviews with 
published fiction of his own. 
His earlier efforts were 
greeted coolly by foe critics 
and none sold particularly 
well. His last, and best- 

known. novel. "Mr. Be- 
Iuncle," whose protagonist's 
religious zealotry was loosely 
based on foe adherence to 
Christian Science of his fa- 
ther, was published in 1951. 

From then on, his fiction 
was confined mostly to short 
stories, a form in which he was 
generally acknowledged a 
master. He wrote with poin- 
tillist understanding about the 
lives of lower-middle-class 
people — shopkeepers, pub 
owners, clerks, antiques deal- 
ers. housewives — in a dear, 
economical, often humorous 
style that never showed off 
and never talked down to his 
readers. He had an ear for dia- 
logue and an eye for detail. 

Sir Victor’s fourscore -and - 
some short stories were col- 
lected in 1990 in a single 
volume, “The Complete 
Short Stories." 

As he gained attention for 
his short stories, he was also 
becoming a critic of renown 
and influence. His book re- 
views and essays appeared 
for decades in a regular 
column in The New States- 
man and later in The Nation. 

The convergence between 
a writer’s life and work was of 
interest to him, and he took 
this theme further in a number 
of biographies, including 

••■RalTa*-” CiQn A \- * ‘TV* 

down. But visitors to his 
home in Camden Town in- 
variably found him cheerful, 
modest, invigorated by foe 
world and happy in his work. 

He preferred to use his ini- 
tials because, he once said, he 
liked their anonymity. Be- 
sides, he added, “to have ad- 
ded foe *t’ of Victor to a name 
that already had three, and 
was already made fidgety by a 
crush of consonants and two 
short vowels, seemed ridicu- 

Small U.S. Planes Are Safe 

WASHINGTON (WP) — The Federal 
Aviation Administration has announced that 
foe little planes used by tbe nation's commuter 
airlines are as safe as foe big ones. 

■pie agency said that 33 of the 39 commuter 
airlines are in compliance with a rule adopted 
by foe government in December 1995 foat 
requires airlines operating aircraft with 10 to 
30 seats to meet foe same safety standards as 
the major airlines, or equivalent standards. 

American Nears Contract 

Wilbert Vere Awdry, 85. 
an Anglican clergyman who 
was the author of the inter- 
nationally known ** Thomas 
the Tank Engine” series of 
children’s books, died Friday, 
at his home in Stroud, 
Gloucestershire, England 
The stories were also tbe basis 
of television series on British 
ITV and Public Television in 
the United States. 

WASHINGTON (AP) — Negotiators for 
American Airlines and two unions represent- 
ing its pilots said they believed they had 
worked out key details on a proposed contract 
but would have to examine the fine print on 
paper to be sure. 

The board of foe Allied Pilots Association 
adjourned late Saturday and will meet again 
April 3 and 4 to go over final contract lan- 

Erik de Mauny, 76, the 
BBC’s first resident corre- 
spondent in Moscow, died 
Wednesday. IBs 30-year ca- 
reer included assignments in 
foe United States, Europe and 
foe Middle East 

Tour buses in San Juan, Puerto Rico, 
were escorted by the police from foe airport 
to key hotels after five tour buses were 
burned in attacks possibly linked to a taxi 
drivers’ strike. (AP) 

More than 200 people were trapped in 
foe Austrian ski resort of Stubach after a 
rockfaU blocked a road, but no one was in- 
jured. foe police said. (AFP) 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices 
closed or services curtailed in foe following 
countries and their dependencies' this week 
because of national and religious holidays: . 
MONDAY: Albania. Colombia. Guyana, India. bw. 


TUESDAY: Cyprus, Greece, San Marino. 
WEDNESDAY: Bangladesh. H Salvador, Mali, 

THURSDAY : Argentina, Brazil, Burma, Colombia, 
Coot Rica, Oenmait, Ecuador, El Salvador. Finland, Gua- 
temala. Honduras, Iceland. Mexico, Nicaragua, Norway. 
Paraguay. Pent, Philippines, Spain, Uruguay, Vatican Qy, 
Venezuela, Virgin Islands. 

FRIDAY: Andorra, Angola. Argentina, Aniba,Auara&a. 
Ataria. Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium. Belize, Bermuda; Bofira, 
Botswana. Brazil, Britain, Cameroon, Canada, Cokxnbn, 
Costa Rha, Croatia, Denmark. Dominican Republic. EcnateH 
Salvador. Equatorial Guinea. Estonia, Finland, ftaoae. Fteai 
Guiana. Gambia, Gemuny. Ghana, Gitnltar. Grenada, Guam. 
Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Jcetedta&a. 
Indonesia, Irdand. Jamaica. Kenya. Latvia, Lehman, lesain. 
Liberia. Uedacnstetn. Lithuania. Luxembourg. Macau. Mad- 
agascar. Malawi. Mala, Mexico. Namibia. Netherlands, Neth- 
erlands Antilles, New Zealand, Nicaragua. Nigeria, Notwiy, 
Panama, Paraguay. Pern. Philippines, Portugal, Puerto. Rioo, 
Seydtefles. Siena Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa. 
Spain. Sri Lanka. Suriname, Swazshta, Sweden, SwtenJand. 
Tahiti. Tanzania. Uganda, United Stales, Uruguay. Vatican CSy, 

S ATURD AY: Australia. Botswu»,BrazS, CaaralAf- 

ricao Republic. Chile. France. Guatemala. Hoag Kaqg, MuH. 
Madagascar. Panama. Spain. Suriname, Tamm, Vatican Ofy. 
Zambia, Zimbabwe. Smpth: J f. Morgan. Rnorrs. Bhxm*K&. 


A Flaming Case of Kitsch 
Rembrandt’s Altered States 
The Great Auction War 
Sleuths Among the Stalls 

Ans Editor 

If you missed it in the IHT, look for it 
on our site on the World Wide Web: 

Geotie Barbarian: The Life 
and Work of Turgenev" 
(1977) . and “Chekhov. A 
Spirit Set Free" (1988). 

In 1975, Sir Victor was 
knighted for services to lit- 
erature; four years later, at the 
age of 79. he published “The 
Myth Makers," a guide to 
world fiction dial included es- 
says on 19 non-English writ- 
ers, among them Flaubert and 

Well into his late 80s, Sir 
Victor carried on with a work- 
load that would have over- 
whelmed many younger 
writers. It was only in recent 
yeans that he began to slow 



for Work, flfe and Academe Experience 
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North America 

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snow to New England 
Tuesday nlgta. 


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Northwestern Europe will 
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wffl moderate In me north- 
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UneatUed and chBy mwp. 
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1 : 


I. - -T ‘ - * •! 







For His Party 
Helps Gingrich 
Retain Gout 

By Leslie Wayne 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — - For Republi- 
cans, he was everywhere last year. 

Candidates running for Congress, es- 
pecially in tight races, knew they could 
count on a fund-raising visit from the 
House speaker. Newt Ginerich and 

His vcnoe blared out of telemarketing 

■ calls made by the Republican Party, and 
his name and face were prominently dis- 

■ played in Republican fund-raising pleas. 
; One flier offered, fora $250 donation, an 
.•‘official replica” of “the Gavel that 
■changed America!’ 1 — a copy of the 
! gavel Mr. Gingrich uses as speaker. 

; Mr. Gingrich, perhaps the most vis- 
! ible Republican Party member, is also 

• its most potent fund-raiser. 

By the party’s own account he raised 
.more than $100 million for Republican 
I House candidates in the last election. His 
. arm-twisting prowess is also one of the 
; reasons Republican Party committees 
, ourspent Democratic Party committees 
; 3 -to- 1 to retain control of Congress. 

1 In addition, from his own campaign 
■war chest and “leadership” political 
; action committee, the Monday Morning 
. PAC, Mr. Gingrich gave more to other 
; House candidates than he spent on his 
.own re-election. He raised enough 
■money for himself — more than $6 
! million — to wage the most expensive 
•House race of 19% and to cover $1 
; million in legal bills related to ethics 

• charges against him in the House. 

; “Mr. Gingrich's political star may 
■ have fallen/’ said Edward Rothschild, 

; public-affairs director of Citizen Ac- 
!tion, a nonprofit research group, “but 
•his creativity and abilities have not 
\ “Newt Gingrich is the godfather of 
•the new Republican Party. He has a 
>ery. very strong grasp of the impor- 
. tance of money — of raising money and 
; applying it where it should be applied, 
-both strategically and tactically. He’s 
} ■ the one who helped the Republicans get 
; into power in Coogress, and he’s the one 

• helping them stay there/' 

‘ Mr. Gingrich's fund-raising efforts 
•help explain his influence in Republican 
; circles despite the unprecedented ethics 
! reprimand against him. 

• “One reason for such a reservoir of 
I loyalty toward Newt is because of his 
•tireless efforts on. behalf of his GOP 
’colleagues,” said a farmer dose adviser 
■of Mr. Gingrich's. 

• In the 1 8 months of the last campaign, 
[Mr. Gingrich attended 132 fund-raisers 
■on behalf of Republican candidates. 

Central to his power is Ins idle in 
pulling the . National Republican Con- 
gressional Committee, which raises 
money for congressional candidates, out 
of a $4.6 million debt before the 1994 
election and instituting the Incumbent 
Protection Fund. It is a program under 
which Republican incumbents “tithe” 
into a party campaign fund, with the 
^proceeds going to those in tight races. 

fteshinah members of Congress are 
required to give $2,500 a year, others 
$5,000. Subcommittee chairmen are as- 
sessed $6,500 and committee chairmen 
mus t give $7,500. In the last election 
more than 85 percent of House Repub- 
licans contributed, giving $1 .7 million to 
the fund through assessments and $9 
million in extra donations. The program 
has been so successful that the Demo- 
cratic Congressional Campaign Com- 
mittee this month has copied it and is now 

-assessing “dues” ranging from $5,000 
to $20,000 on all House Democrats. 

In his own re-election campaign, Mr. 
■Gingrich was pitted in the 6th District of ■ 
Georgia against Micbael Coles, founder 
-of Great American Cookie Co., who 1 
spent $2:4 milli on of his own money. 

- Michael Shields, a spokesman for 
Mr. Gingrich’s campaign, said: “Our 
opponent was a millionaire who said he 
-would spend what it takes to buy the 
seat We had to prepare to fight-" 

• In fact, very little of die money 
donated to Mr. Gingricfa’s campaign 
went for campaign expenses. 

He used $1.1 million in campaign 
-money to cover legal bills s temmin g 
from the congressional ethics charges 
. fhar he used tax-exempt money for par- 
tisan purposes. Although that is legal, 
jiowbere in his campaign literature were 
potential donors told that this was where 

No Cuts in GIs in Japan, Gore Says 

EriLu Supla/Rnii. ,. 

Mr. Gore and his wife. Tipper, arriving at the Tokyo airport on Sunday. 


TOKYO — Vice President AJ Gore 
arrived in Tokyo on Sunday at the be- 
ginning of an eight-day trip to Asia and 
promptly ruled out any cuts in U.S. 
military forces in Japan, saying it was 
the “worst time” for sucb reductions. 

Although the primary focus of Mr. 
Gore's trip to the region centers on the 
four days be will spend in China, his 
meeting with Foreign Minister Yuki- 
hiko Ikeda underscored a lingering 
problem Washington faces in Japan — 
the controversy over the size of its mil- 
itary contingent here. 

As he posed for pictures with Mr. 
Ikeda, Mr. Gore was asked if the current 
force could be reduced over the next 
decade. “I think we need them now and 
for the foreseeable future,” he replied. 

“In my view, this would be the worst 
time to have some reduction in U.S. 
forces here," Mr. Gore said. “The cur- 
rent level is the appropriate level.” 

Mr. Ikeda said: “The Japanese gov- 
ernment feels the same.” 

The authorities on Okinawa, where 
about half of the 40.000 U.S. troops in 
Japan are stationed, want the bases 
closed by 2015. The government 
strongly opposes the demand. 

On Monday. Mr. Gore is to meet with 

Prime Minister Ryu taro Hashimoto. de- 
liver a speech on environmental issues 
and visit a U.S. air base before departing 
for Beijing and a meeting the next day 
with President Jiang Zemin. 

“This visit is intended to reaffirm 
once again America’s commitment to 
the region overall,” Mr. Gore said on 
his arnval. “The security and prosperity 
of toe United States is vitally tied to toe 
Asia-Pacific region.” 

Earlier, talking with reporters on Air 
Force T wo, he sounded upbeat about the 
chances for improving 1 relations with 
China, which has dashed with Wash- 
ington recently over trade issues, 
Taiwan and human rights. 

“Change is taking place rapidly in- 
side China.” Mr. Gore said, adding: 
“The growth of toe free sector of their 
economy is far outstripping the growth 
in the state-owned sector/’ 

He continued, “Both our countries 
are clearly signaling ro one another that 
we want to find a way to move forward 
in the relationship/' 

He said he planned to discuss a broad 
range of issues that included the en- 
vironment and the future of Hong 

“I hope to have meaningful discus- 
sions in China,” Mr. Gore said. 

He said he would “touch on evezy 
issue that has a particular impact for our 
two countries” — including accusa- 
tions that the Chinese government tried 
to funnel money to influence last year's 
presidential elections and some con- 
gressional races. 

Mr. Gore will be the highest-ranking 
U.S. official to visit China since Pres- 
ident George Bush in 19S9 — shortly 
before Chinese troops brutally ended 
the Tiananmen Square protests. 

At least part of the vice president's 
discussions will deal with preparations 
for an exchange of visits by President 
Bill Clinton and Mr. Jiang. The Chinese 
leader is expected to visit the United 
States late this year and Mr. Clinton 
tentatively plans to go to China in 

Mr. Gore said that high on his agenda 
was a discussion about possible four- 
way negotiations between the two 
Koreas and the United States and China, 
an idea that was proposed in April by 
Mr. Clinton and President Kim Young 
Sam of South Korea. 

The talks would be designed to bring 
a formal end to the Korean War, which 
Washington hopes would defuse con- 
tinuing tension on the Korean Penin- 

5 Bodies Found in Quebec Linked to Cult Known for Suicides 

Agence France-Presse 

ST. CASIMIR, Quebec — The bod- 
ies of three men and two women were 
found in a Quebec home belonging to a 
member of the Swiss-based Order of the 
Solar Temple cult, the police said here 

Authorities said the possibility of a 
collective suicide was being investigat- 
ed. More than 50 members of the sect 
died in apparent group suicides in 1994 
and 1995. 

The Quebec police said they had 

asked colleagues in Belgium, France 
and Switzerland to help in the latest 
probe and to check if there were any new 
cases of murder or suicide by members 
of the cult in those countries. 

The discovery was made late Sat- 
urday after a passerby noticed smoke 
coming from the house in this small 
community southwest of Quebec City. 

Fire fighters arrived quickly to put 
out a blaze within the house, said of- 
ficials, and found one body near the 
entrance and four more upstairs. 

Pierre Robichaud, a spokesman for 
the Quebec Provincial Police, said three 
teenagers were found behind the bouse 
“in a state of confusion.” 

‘ ‘They have been trotted by a doctor 
and they are not in any danger/' he said. 
The youths were a 1 3-year-old girl and 
two boys, aged 14 and 16. 

Mr. Robichaud said the reason for their 
state of confusion was still not known and 
that it was possible they bad been 
drugged. He said toe cause of death of toe 
five victims was still being investigated. 

Asked if the owners of the house were 
already known to the police* Mr. 
Robichaud said: “Hie last time we had 
met these people was around the sum- 
mer solstice, when we bad certain in- 
formation that we thought merited in- 

Without identifying toe victims. Mr. 
Robichaud said the house belonged to a 
known member of toe Order of toe Solar 
Temple, a cult that became widely 
known in 1994 and 1995 with toe ap- 

members in Canada, France and 
Switzerland. A total of 53 members of 
the cult are known to have died in Que- 
bec and Switzerland in 1994. Most of the 
bodies were found in a burned -out farm 
house and three chalets in Switzerland; 
five bodies were discovered in a burned 
house in Morin Heights, near Montreal, 
within hours of the discovery in Switzer- 

In 1995, another 16 members of toe 
cult were found dead in a burned bouse 

parent mass suicides and murders of near Grenoble, in toe French Alps. 


Coffee With Clinton 
(He Knew the Tab) 

WASHINGTON — President Bill 
Clinton and Vice President A! Gore 
were routinely notified of how much 
political cash was expected — and 
raised — from each White House 
coffee, documents show. 

In regular memos to Mr. Clinton 
and Mr. Gore, the former White 
House deputy chief of staff, Harold 
Ickes, treated toe coffees just like any 
other fund-raising event. He gave 
both a projected and actual amount in 
contributions — usually $400,000. 

The documents were described to 
The Washington Post by three in- 
dividuals who have seen them. 

It was known previously that the 
Democratic National Committee, 
which organized die events, projected 
how much it would pull in from each 
event, and kept pack of the contri- 
butions that came in. But Mr. Clinton 
has depicted toe meetings principally 
as opportunities to talk about issues, 
not as money-makers. 

There is no evidence that guests 
were solicited in the president's pres- 
ence; Democratic fund-raisers typic- 
ally waited until afterward. (WP) 

Republican Faces 
FBI Investigation 

begun a pre liminar y inquiry into al- 
legations that Representative Dan 
Burton, Republican of Indiana, 
threatened a lobbyist with loss of 
work last year if he did not raise funds 
for Mr. Burton’s campaign. 

Disclosure of toe inquiry came on 

Away From 

• The body of a 3-year-old 
boy was recovered from the 
jaws of an alligator that killed 
him while be was playing by a 
lake near New Smyrna 
Beach, Florida. (Reuters) 

the same day that Mr. Burton, the 
chairman of the House Government 
Reform and Oversight Committee, 
was given a $3.8 million budget to 
lead a congressional investigation of 
Democratic campaign fund-raising. 

An FBI agent has scheduled an 
interview this week with Mark Siegel, 
a former lobbyist for toe Pakistani 
government, who alleged in a memo 
that be had been “shaken down” by 
Mr. Burton. (WP) 

Chief Tries Crutches 

WASHINGTON — President Clin- 
ton tried walking on cratches during 
the weekend and spent much of the 
time in physical therapy after returning 
from a two-day summit meeting with 
President Boris Yeltsin in Helsinki. 

Mr. Clinton had been using a 
wheelchair since undergoing surgery 
on his knee March 14. Because of the 
injury, be is considering postponing a 
trip to Mexico. (WP ) 


Tom Rosenstiel, director of the 
Project for Excellence in Journalism, 
sponsored by the Pew Charitable 
Trust, on why toe liberal press has not 
leaped to toe defense of President 
Clinton in toe fund-raising scandals: 

* ‘There is more of a team mentality on 
the conservative side. There is, for 
instance, a great deal more intellec- 
tual collaboration between The Wall 
Street Journal editorial pages and Re- 
publican policymakers than there is 
with any liberal editorial page and any 
Democratic policymaker. There is no 
sense of loyalty to party among liberal 
commentators and editorial pages.” 

( NYT) | 

‘Stratospheric Numbers’ in Libel Award 

By Howard Kurtz 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON— hi the largest libel 
award in American history , a jury in Hous- 
ton has ordered Dow Jones & Co. to pay 
$222.7 million to a bond firm that shut its 
doors weeks after a damaging article was 
published by The Wall Street Journal 

After 12 hours of deliberation, die 
seven-member federal jury awarded the 
former owners and employees of 
MMAR Group of Houston $22.7 mil- 
lion in compensatory damages and $200 
million in rnmitive damages. The author 
of toe 1993 article, Laura Jereski, was 
ordered to pay $20,000. 

“Obviously we’re disappointed,” 
said Jim George, the attorney for Dow 
Jones. “The punitive damages are com- 
pletely unfounded. I don’t believe they 
can be supported as a matter of law. 
There’s no evidence the reporter or The 
Wall Street Journal had any doubts 
about toe truth of die story.” 

Kent Harwell a lawyer for MMAR, 

or Money Management Analytical Re- 
search, called toe magnitude of the 
award “powerful evidence of libel that 
never should have happened. They pub- 
lished false and defamatory statements. 
They painted MMAR as being engaged 
in criminal conduct.' ’ 

Floyd Brown, a First Amendment 
lawyer in New York, said of toe award: 
‘ ‘The numbers are so stratospheric that, 
if they were to be sustained, they would 
lead to a sea change in toe behavior of all 
journalists. No journalistic organiza- 
tion, no matter how wealthy, can sur- 
vive judgments like this. If it was upheld 
even in part, lawyers would have to start 
giving far more restrictive advice than 
they do now.” 

But Mr. George said the plaintiffs 
“played very hard on toe theme that 94 
people were laid off and put out on toe 
street.” He added that journalists “are 
not among the most popular people in 
America” and that ‘*toe messenger is 
often killed.” 

Paul Steiger, managing editor of toe 

Journal published by Dow Jones, said the 
paper would appeal “We were chron- 
icling the difficulties of this company," he 
said. “We did not cause them.' 1 

The largest previous U.S. libel award 
against a news organization was for $58 
million in 1991 against the television 
station WFAA in Dallas in a suit by a 
former prosecutor. The case was later 
settled for an undisclosed amount 

"A1J the really gigantic libel awards 
have come out of Texas the last few 
years,” said Jane Kirtley, executive di- 
rector of toe Reporters Committee for 
Freedom of the Press. “Maybe there’s 
something in the water in Texas.” She 
said that about three-quarters of libel 
awards against news organizations were 
overturned on appeal. 

In recent months, juries have ordered 
the ABC television network to pay $10 
million to a Florida banker and $5.5 
million to the Food Lion supermarket 
chain. The Food Lion supermarket case 
involved charges of fraud and tres- 
passing, not libel 

Canada Detains 2 Saudis for Dhahran Blast 

Washington Post Service 

TORONTO — The Canadian author- 
ities bave detained two Saudi Arabians 

orate on toe reasons for toe detention, 
but that there was enough concern about 
Mr. Sayegh for both Immigration Min- 

in connection with toe bombing last ister Lucienne RobiUard and Solicitor 

summer in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, that 
killed 1 9 American airmen and wounded 
500 others, and one of them interests toe 
FBI Canadian officials said. 

Hani Abdel Rahim Sayegh was de- 
tained Tuesday in Ottawa as “a security 
risk to Canada,” said Benoit Ghkpietle, 
spokesman for the immigration minister. 

Mr. Chiquette said be could not elab- 

General Herb Gray to sign documents 
ordering his arrest. 

The authorities said toe second Saudi 
Fahad Shefari, arrived in Canada in 
December, claiming refugee status. As 
he was being interviewed, he said he 
needed protection because he was being 
sought m Saudi Arabia in connection 
with toe bombing and feared for his life. 

In Washington, the FBI said in a state- 
ment that it hoped to question Mr. 
Sayegh about toe June 25 bombing of toe 
Khobar Towers. The statement indicated 
that Mr. Sayegh 's arrest was a result of 
cooperation among American, Saudi 
and Canadian investigators. 

An official with the Canadian Se- 
curity Intelligence Service said the 
agency believed that Mr. Sayegh had 
committed a criminal act abroad, had 
been involved in an act of terrorism and 
was a member of a terrorist group. 



gives them two distinct seasons: the summer, 
when skies are clear and tourists invade, and 
toe rest, when popular pursuits include read- 
ing, watching toe river banks rise, and 
dodging raindrops. 

Candice Steed manages toe Hard Rain Cafe 
& Mercantile in Forks. The cafS is an un- 

kilometers per hour) — as “golf cars, "audio 
require that they be equipped with headlights, 
turn signals, tail lights, reflectors, mirrors, 
parking brakes, windshields and seat belts. So 
far, no air bags or antilock brakes. 

In the country’s first traffic school on the 

A tv.,™ tu** !}„■ official museum to the slug — a small, slimy Internet, motorists in parts of the Lew Angeles 

A lown J. Hat ilevds in tne w a in — — - f u at « ok.ili U c en«i Me area who want to exminee traffic tickets can 

the money was headed. 

It is still unclear whether Mr. Gm- 
_grich will use some of the $1 million left 
from his 1996 campaign to cover the 
$300,000 penalty assessed in January 
by toe House Ethics Committee. 

- From campaign money, Mr. Gingnch 
also gave ; $250,000 to. toe Republican 
National Committee. $315,000 to the 
Republican congressional campaign 
committee and $5,000 directly to five 
other House candidates. Also, through 
his Monday Morning PAC, he made 
donations of an additional $1.1 mill ion to 
other Republicans running fortoe House. 
In all he gave away $1-7 m illion. 

• A minivan crowded with 

21 people went out of control 
and crashed on Interstate 70 
near Sl Louis, Missouri, 
killing three children and in- 
juring all 18 others cm board. 
The Ford Aerostar ran up an 
embankment and overturned. 
Ford representatives said 
charing capacity in an Aero- 
star is eight. (AP) 

• Two Brooklyn women 
were arrested for posing as 
t«im to solicit charitable con- 
tributions in toe Bronx. (NYT) 

The tanning beds are particularly popular this 
time of year at the hair salons and health dub in 
Forks, Washington. That’s because Peaks lies 
in Olympic National Park, in toe northwestern 
tip of Washington, where the sun is at best an 
occasional visitor durin g the winter and early 
spring. It mins mere than 12 feet (3.7 meters) a 
year there — not to mention the extra 30 inches 
that comes in the form of “fog drip.” 

. The intemperate climate in this, one of toe 
last temperate rain forests on the planet pro- 
duces some of the world's grandest trees and 
fabulous growths of moss, notes The Seattle 
Times. It also shapes the people. 

It separates than from Seattle, which re- 
ceives a mere 34 inches of rain a year. And it 

creature that resembles a shell-less snail Ms. 
Steed believes there are more slugs per acre 
here than anywhere. 

There are a lot of fish and game, too. which 
she said she loves. She also loves the rain. 

“I love the sound as it hits the roof,” she 
said. “I love toe lush green world it creates. I 
love that it keeps this place from being over- 
built. I love toe feeling of ai oneness.” 

Short Takes 

Golf carts used to be confined largely to 
golf courses. Now they can be seen on public 
roads near retirement communities in Florida, 
California, Arizona and elsewhere. Federal 

area who want to expunge traffic tickets can 
now take an eight-hour course, followed by a 
75-question test, over the World Wide Web. 

The cost of laughing is up again. Malcolm 
Kushner, a humor consultant whose clients 
include some large companies, said that his 
index of 16 indicators showed that toe cost of 
laughing has risen 3 percent in the last 12 
months. The wholesale cost of rubber chick- 
ens, G rancho glasses and arrow-torough-the- 
head novelties remained unchanged. The ma- 
jor inflationary factor, said Mr. Kushner, was 
toe guild fee for writing a half-hour television 
comedy. That cost rose from a minimum of 
$1 1 209 to $1 1,545 — without, Mr. Kushner 

regulators say they want to classify the faster added, necessarily resulting in funnier shows, 
models — those that go 15 miles per hour (24 International Herald Tribune 

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Calls for Independence Mark Start of Dalai Lama’s Visit to Taiwan 

By Keith B. Richburg 

Washington Post Service 

KAOHSIUNG, Taiwan — The scene at the 
airport in this southern Taiwanese port city must 
rank among China’s worst nightmares: the Dalai 
Lama, the exiled Tibetan “god-king” de- 
nounced for Dying to “split die motherland,'* 
landing on the shores of this breakaway island 
accused of plotting Its own move toward in- 

Outside the airport terminal there was a bois- 
terous display Saturday of the kind of street demo- 
cracy still unheard of in Communist-controlled 
China. Tibetans and Taiwanese called for in- 

advocates handed out brochures challenging 
China’s record on political repression. Occasional 

scuffles broke out between separatists and smaller 
groups calling for China to remain unified. 

The Dalai Lama, Tibet’s spiritual leader and a 
Nobel Peace Prize winner, has insisted that his 
six-day trip to Taiwan, which Beijing views as a 
renegade province, is purely religious in nature. 
[On Sunday, be concentrated on religious matters 
with a series of lectures across southern Taiwan, 
Reuters reported.] 

China, which has occupied Tibet since in- 
vading it in 1950, lashed out at the visit, with the 
official People’s Daily calling it “a political 
crusade upheld by splittist and Tibetan inde- 
pendence forces collaborating within Taiwan to 
split the motherland.'' 

It is the Dalai Lama’s first trip to Taiwan, and 
be is being feted with all the red-carpet treatment 
normally accorded a head of state. If Taiwan is 

considered a part of China — and the rival 
governments on opposite sides of the Taiwan 
Strait agree it is — then Saturday also marked the 
first time he set foot on Chinese soil since he and 
thousands of followers fled their Himalayan 
homeland into exile in 1959. 

In his arrival statement Saturday afternoon at 
the Kaohsiung international airport, the Dalai 
Lama tried to stress the spiritual, nonpolitical 
nature of his visit He talked about human values 
and the need to maintain spiritual harmony amid 
breakneck economic development He modestly 
spoke of himself as “just another human being” 
and declined to engage a reporter on whether his 
presence is likely to further enrage China. 

But he did say he is looking forward to meeting 
Taiwan's. first democratically elected president 
Lee Teng-hui. who, like the Dalai Lama, has been 

accused by Chinese of being a “splittist ’’ 

“Of course. I'm looking forward to seeing 
your president Lee Teng-hui,” the Dalai Lama 
said, speaking slowly and deliberately in English. 

Although he said teal ways keeps in mind that his 

activities “should not cause embarrassment to 
anybody,” he was “honored" to see the pres- 
ident The meeting with Mr. Lee is expected to 
take place next Thursday. 

The Dalai lama has canceled a speech next 
week to Taiwan's legislature, apparently to avoid 
causing further trouble with Beijing. A spokes- 
man was quoted as saying that the speech had 
been scrapped because of the spiritual leader's 
strong desire “not to cause any inconvenience or 
embarrassment to the host government ’ ' 

After his brief airport statement, the Dalai 
Lama was driven through flag-draped streets to 



From Paris to Milan, from New York 
to Tokyo, fashion editor Suzy 
Menkes covers the fashion front 
With additional reporting on 
lifestyle issues, the Style section 
provides up-to-date information on 
developments in the changing world 
of creative design. 

Every Tuesday in the International 
Herald Tribune. 


Buddhist Unrest Spreads to Rangoon 

?£„TTib5." 'vnomny te - 

:/ * 

servations about making the party s position ... 
known. , _ ■ 



RANGOON — The mil- 
itary government of Burma 
said Sunday it had tightened 
security at mosques around 
Rangoon as religious unrest 
spread to the capital for the 
first time since similar trouble 
broke out a week earlier in 

More armed troops and po- 
lice were posted around the 
city after a group of about 50 
Buddhist monks vandalized a 
mosque at Kanbe in the north- 
eastern quarter of Rangoon 
on Saturday. 

The monks attacked the 
mosque with sticks and 
stones, then fled before the 
police arrived. 

Mandalay is still under an 8 
PAL to 4 AAL curfew im- 
posed last weekend when 
monks went on a rampage in 
the city, attacking several 
mosques and launching street 
protests after reports that a 
Buddhist girl had been raped 
by a Muslim man. 

A leader of the Burmese 
Muslim community said that 
consultations were being held 
with the minister for religious 

affairs. Lieutenant Myo Ny- 
unt, and with community 
leaders to restore calm after 
the mosque attack. 

“We have met with the 
minister for religious affairs 
and we are holdings meetings 
to discuss the situation," said 
Hadji U The in, chairman of 
the Islamic Religious Affairs 
Council, the most influential 
Muslim organization in the 

A spokesman for the ruling 
State Law and Order Restor- 
ation Council said: “Appro- 
priate security measures to 
prevent similar incidents 

from taking place have been 
taken around mosques in 
townships. The situation in 
Rangoon is calm and we will 
protect the Muslim commu- 

He blamed elements out to 
disrupt Burma's pending 
entry into the seven-member 
Association of South East 
Asian Nations later this year. 

Burma is about 90 percent 
Buddhist and about 4 percent 
of the population is Muslim. 
Monks play a key role in this 
deeply Buddhist country and 
have in the fast lent their sup- 
port to political and social 


The All-Burma Muslim 
Union, a group associated 
with Burmese exile groups 
based at the Burma-Thai bor- 
der, accused the military gov- 
ernment of being behind the 
latesi Buddhist-Muslim strife 
and said it had systematically 
caused trouble for the Muslim 

The group’s president, Ra 
Sak, warned that if Burma's 
military leaders continued 
“to use Buddhist monks as 
their proxy to empress 
Muslims, an” all -out religious 
war could break out,” 

Japanese Cult Planned U.S. Attack 

By Nicholas D. Knstof 

AVh 1 York Times Service 

TOKYO — The religious 
cult accused of organizing the 
poison gas attack on the 
Tokyo subway system two 
years ago also planned to re- 
lease nerve gas in the United 





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States, according to new court 
testimony in Tokyo. 

The idea was sufficiently 
planned out that the cult 
ordered one of its members to 
go to the United States to pick 
up a shipment of sarin nerve 
gas that would be concealed 
in a Japanese ornament and 
sent by sea mail, a former cult 
official testified Friday. He 
said that the plan was later 
dropped, for reasons that re- 
main unclear. 

The cult, Aum Shinrikyo. 
was ferociously critical of the 
United States and accused the 
American military of at- 
tempting to kill its believers. 
It had an office in New York, 
and after the group was im- 
plicated in the subway inci- 
dent .American anti-terrorism 
officials became concerned 
about the possibility of an at- 
tack in the United States. 

In the new testimony. Dr. 
Dcuo Hayashi, the former med- 
ical director of Aum Shin- 
rikyo, said the cult had planned 

nerve gas attacks in the United 
States in June 1994. 

“The guru has ordered us to 
release sarin in several places 
in America," Dr. Hayashi 
quoted the cult's intelligence 
director as telling him. 

Dr. Hayashi said the intel- 
ligence director then instruc- 
ted him to go to the United 
States to pick up the sarin 
package upon its arrival. 

Dr. Hayashi. who until he 
joined the cult was a highly 
respected cardiac specialist 
who once worked in an Amer- 
ican hospital, said that be had 
agreed reluctantly bat that the 
plan was ihen suspended. 

Shortly afterward, in July 
1994. sarin nerve gas was re- 
leased in the J apanese town of 
Matsumcio. kHling seven. 
The police have accused the 
cult of that attack, and it has 
also beer, held responsible for 
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Strike Paralyzes Bangladesh 

DHAKA, Bangladesh — Opposition party 
paralyzed Bangladesh on Sunday during a daylong strike, 
exptoding homemade bombs, fitting with guns mdmetf 
cleavers and smashing buses. One person was killed and 
more than 100 injured, the police arid witnesses said.. 

It was the first major anti -government street rm 
agains t the administration of Prime Minister — : — 
Wazed, who took power nine months ago. When she was 
in the opposition, Sheikh Hasina often led such strikes, 
which eventually forced out the government. • 

Khalida Zi « , the opposition leader and former prime 
minis ter, said her party opposed a government move to 
allow Indian commercial vehicles to cross Bangladesh to 
reach a northeastern region of India. Her Bangladesh 
Nationalist Party says that would encourage Indian sep- 
aratists to operate freely from Bangladesh. (AP) 

48 Held in East Timor Protest 

JAKARTA — Indonesian policemen detained 4S 
youths on Sunday after a violent “anti-integration” 
protest at a hotel in the East Timor capital, Dili, where. a 
United Nations envoy was staying, the police said. . 

"There was a demonstration outside the Mahkota 
Hotel where the envoy was staying,” the East Timor 
deputy police chief. Colonel Atok Rismanto. said by 
telephone from Dili. He confirmed that there were shots 
fired by the police but denied reports that people had been 
killed or seriously wounded. ( Reuters } 

Police Break Up Seoul Sit-In 

SEOUL — At least SO radical South Korean students 
were arrested here Sunday when the police broke up a sit- 
in protest demanding the ouster of ftesidentKim^ Young. 
Sam and accusing his son of corruption, witnesses said. 

The arrests came after 400 masked students emerged 
from the campus of Hongik University and sat bn the 
street outside chanting anti-government slogans and wav- 
ing placards relating to the Hanbo scandal. Policemen 
dragged about SO of the protestors into buses for arrest, 
but no violence was reported. - - (AFP) 

New Guinea Leader Stays On 

PORT MORESBY, Papua New Guinea Prime 
Minister Julius Chan refused to resign Sunday in the face 
of growing political calls for his removal ahead of Tues- 
day's rebel military deadline to quit 
“I am not going to step aside," Mr. Chan said in an 
address to the nation on television. But on Sunday, calls 
mounted for Mr. Chan to resign over his plan to use 
foreign mercenaries to end the rune-year secessionist 
conflict on the island of Bougainville. (Reuters) 

For the Record 

The Public Health Ministry of Thailand said Sunday 
that more than 1,700 Karen refugees fleeing fighting in 
Burma were ill with diarrhea, flu and malaria at their 
settlement areas inside Thailand. (Reuters) 

Two people, including a 12-year-old boy playing in 
floodwater, were killed Sunday in Australia in the af- 
termath of a tropical cyclone that passed through the 
northern state of Queensland, the police said. ( Reuters ) 

The Chinese Navy has begun its first port visit to the 
mainland United States, sailing into San Diego Bay. 
Invited by the U.S. Navy, the vessels Harbin. Nancang 
and Zhuhai docked at North Island Naval Air Station on 
Friday at the beginning of a five-day goodwill tour that 
will include visits to U.S. Navy ships, the San Diego Zoo 
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Furor Over Turkish Report 

Business Group Urges Faster Steps to Democracy 

By Stephen Kinzer 

Ne "• York Timet Sen-ice 

ISTANBUL — The lead- 
ing Turkish business feder- 
ation has urged quicker pro- 
gress toward full democracy 
here* but political and mil- 
itary leaders have strongly re- 
jected its suggestions. 

With its free elections, 
open economy and an out- 
spoken press, Turkey is in 
many ways a paragon of free- 
dom compared with most of 
its Middle Eastern neighbors. 
Bur ii falls short of Western 
democratic norms in some 
important respects. 

Several weeks ago, the 
Turkish Industrialists' and 
Businessmen 's Association is- 
sued a report analyzing Turk- 
ish democracy and suggesting 
ways it could be improved. 

The report urges that the 
power of party leaders be 
curbed. The leaders now dic- 
tate party policies and nom- 
inate candidates without con- 
sulting anyone outside their 
own tight circles, making it 
all but impossible for out- 
siders to break into politics. - 

Moving into more danger- 
ous territory, the report pro- 
poses that Kurds be given the 
right to education in their own 

Perhaps most significant, it 
recommends the abolition of 
the National Security Council, 
the principal instrument 
through which the military in- 
fluences government policy, 
suggests that military com- 
manders be subordinated to 
the Defense Ministry and that 
laws that limit public debate on 
sensitive issues be repealed. 

In making these recom- 
mendations. die group, whose 
members include many of the 
country's largest domestic 
and international companies, 
was asserting its right to take 
part in national debates. 

But business leaders also 
fear that political frustration is 
hurting the country's chances 
for long-term growth. 

‘ ‘There cannot be two Tur- 
keys. a private sector which is 
an integral part of the world 
and a state apparatus which is 
detached from it,” said Halis 
Komili, the head of the busi- 
ness group. 

But even Mr. Komili prob- ' 

ably did not expect the re- 
action that greeted his report. 
Many Turkish leaders rejec- 
ted its recommendations and 
challenged the right of private 
groups to be involved ui pub- 
lic policy at all. 

Top military commanders 
summoned Mr. Komili. 
telling him that his report was 
ill-timed and potentially 

Civilian politicians were 
equally scornful. "I cannot 
understand how an institution 
which itself lacks democracy 
and is controlled by capitalist 
forces can give us lessons on 
democracy.” Trade Minister 
Yalim Erez complained. He 
said the business group 
should remember that its role 
in society is not to criticize, 
but "to draw foreign capital 
into Turkey and to advertise 
the country abroad.” 

Perhaps most devastating 
was an offhand endorsement 
of the report from Abdullah 
Ocalan, leader of the out- 
lawed Kurdish Workers 
Party, which is waging a sep- 
aratist war in the southeast 
that has cost more than 
20,000 lives in the past 12 

“At this point," he said in 

an interview televised in 
Europe, ■’the capitalist sector 
is fighting for democracy 
more strongly than leftist 

■ No ‘‘Disappearances’ 

Foreign Minister Tansu 
Ciller said Sunday that there 
would be no more * ‘disappear- 
ances*’ of detainees as part of 
an improvement in her coun- 
try's record on human rights. 
Age nee France-Presse report- 
ed from Ankara, citing official 

“The struggle of the forces 
of order against terrorism 
continues with the same de- 
termination as before, but in a 
way that respects human 
rights," Mrs. Ciller said after 
discussions with lnierior 
Minister Meral Aksener. 

A group of visiting mem- 
bers of the European Parlia- 
ment called Friday on T urkey 
to improve its human-rights 
record for better ties with the 
European Union. 

Earlier this month, how- 
ever. Amnesty International 
accused the European Union 
of aiming a blind eye to hu- 
man rights abuses in order to 
maintain good relations with 

PARIS PROTEST — A demonstrator holding up 
a sign during a march Sunday by teachers, parents 
and students calling for more aid for education. 


Spain Must Air Dirty War ? 

Cvnpdrd tnr Oar ft# Fnm Dispatches 

MADRID — The Supreme Court has 
ordered ihe government to open secret files 
that could implicate former Prime Minister 
Felipe Gonzalez in the 1980s "dmy war” 
against Basque guerrillas. 

After four days of deliberations, 33 mag- 
istrates of the court on Saturday overturned a 
decision by the conservative. Popular Party 
government to keep the documents classified 
for reasons of national security. 

The court ordered the opening of 13 of 18 
classified documents sought by three lower 

“The government complies with the Su- 
preme Court decision and will act in ac- 
cordance,” said a government spokesman. 
Miguel Angel. 

The documents, which originated with the 
country's CESID military intelligence service, 
clearly refer to the establishment and operation 
of covert actions in southern France to combat 
the armed Basque separatist group ETA. 

In one of them, dated July 6, 1983, and 
entitled “Actions in Ranee,” plans are dis- 
cussed to “employ in the fight forms of action 
not subjected to law” of which “the most 
useful are armed actions.” 

The document states that “it is funda- 
mental that these actions should appear to be 
an internal sealing of accounts or reprisals so 
that information about them will always leave 
in doubt who is responsible for the actions.” 

Another, dated Dec. 19, 1984, discusses 
"physical action against a target to be des- 
ignated” following the buSd-up of ETA units 
in an area around the French city of Bordeaux. 
Although the documents are not to be formally 
released until April 4, they were published 
Sunday by the daily El Pais. 

Mr. Gonzalez has denied authorizing die 
organization of the death squads and has 
asserted that he was not aware of their activ- 

The scandal tainted his Socialist Party and 
contributed to its election defeat in March 
1996 after 13 years in power. Several former 
Socialist officials and security chiefs have 
been charged in the affair. 

In the early 1980s, ETA, or Basque Home- 
land and Freedom, was killing about one person 
a week, and the government was underpressure 
to respond. ETA has killed about 800 people in 
a 29-year campaign for Basque independence - 

Lower courts investigating the campaign of 
kidnappings, torture and killings have said 
that the documents contain information that Is 
vital to the prosecution of former senior of- 
ficials and security chiefs. 

Judges and officials have said the doc- 
uments could provide evidence to reopen in- 
vestigations into whether Mr. Gonzalez and 
his associates oversaw the death squads, 
which killed 28 people from 1983-1987. One 
third of the victims were targeted by mis- 

Defense Minister Eduardo Serra had warned 
against declassifying the documents. 

But a Defense Ministry spokesman said he 
did not think the court decision would cause 
Spain's allies would lose confidence in the 
government's ability to maintain official 

Last month, the Supreme Court asked the 
government to band over die documents so it 
could decide whether to declassify them. The 
government authorized a temporary transfer, 
and judges then studied the documents on 
microfilm for the first time since their ex- 
istence became known in 1 99 5.( Reuters. AP) 

Belarus Expels U.S. Aide 
Held After Demonstration 

MINSK — Belarussian state television said 
Sunday that a U.S. diplomat had been declared 
persona non grata and had been asked to leave the 
former Soviet republic after taking part in an anti- 
government rally. 

A Foreign Ministry statement said the embassy’s 
first secretary. Sexzb Alexandrov, an ethnic Be- 
larussian, had taken part in actions “incompatible 
with his diplomatic status.” 

The statement said Mr. Alexandrov bad been 
detained earlier on Sunday for “provocative ac- 
tions” during violent clashes between riot po- 
licemen and nationalist demonstrators protesting 
against the pro-Moscow policies of President 
Alexander Lukashenko. ( Reuters I 

trash bags in the southern town of Cuesmes. 

The badly decomposed body parts were found 
on Saturday by a policeman under a bridge cross- 
ing the Paris-Brussels railroad, the official said. 

Police officials said they did not immediately 
suspect a link with the murders in a pedophile 
scandal that has rocked the country in the last nine 
months. ( Reuters ) 

Doctors March in Paris 

PARIS — Thousands of doctors marched in 
Paris and other French cities Sunday to protest 
government moves to impose cash restraints on 
them in order to cut national health care costs. 

The protesters in Paris, mostly hospital interns 
wearing while coats, marched to the headquarters 
of the health service, saying restrictions would 
lead to a rationing of care. (AFP l 

Belgians Find Body Parts German President in Dublin 

BRUSSELS — Belgian policemen said 
Sunday that they had found limbs belonging to at 
least three bodies, probably women, in 10 plastic 

DUBLIN — President Roman Herzog of Ger- 
many paid a one-day visit to Ireland on Sunday to 
mark the 50th anniversary of “Operation Sham- 

rock.” when Irish families opened their homes to 
children from stricken postwar Germany. 

Mr. Herzog called on President Mary Robinson 
before the two attended a Dublin church service to 
commemorate the humanitarian response of fam- 
ilies who fostered more than 500 young refugees 
during 1946-47. Many of the original foster chil- 
dren traveled from Germany and were set for a 
nostalgic meeting with host families. I Reuter si 

The EU This Week: 

International Herald Tribune 

Significant events in the European Union this 

• EU foreign ministers meet in Brussels on 
Monday to review plans for sending police and 
military advisers to Albania and to consider sus- 
pending trade and political cooperation with Israel 
to protest the building of a Jewish settlement in 
East Jerusalem. 

• Foreign ministers meet in Rome on Tuesday 
to assess prospects for concluding revisions to the 
Treaty of Rome by their June target date. 





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To Forefront 

Like Old Times, an Explosive 

. I.S. C° 

- ~ u -Airf 

Nation Is Again Caught Up in a Civil War and a Power Struggle 

By Howard W. French 

New York Times Service 


KINSHASA, Zaire — President 
Mobutu Sese Seko returned to the fore- 
front of Zaire's political stage on 
Sunday to receive a letter from Pres- 
ident Nelson Mandela of South Africa 
on ending the war with rebels fighting 
for Marshal Mobutu’s overthrow. 

Mr. Mandela’s deputy, Thabo Mbeki, 
who delivered die letter, said afterward 
that a United Nations peace plan for a 
truce and talks was at the heart of efforts 
to end Zaire's five-month-old civil 

At . 

„ . • .yv. -drfp. 

But the rebel leader, Laurent Desire 
Kabila, speaking in Kisangani, Zaire's 
third-biggest city, once again on Sat- 
urday ruled out calls for a truce before 
talks, a message 10,000 supporters en- 
dorsed before die special UN envoy, 
Mohammed Sahnoun. 

Marshal Mobutu, looking tired and 
thin but wearing his trademark leopard- 
skin hat and a dark suit, was appearing 
in public for the first time since re- 
turning home from France on Friday. 

“I am Mobutu," be told journalists. 
‘ T have returned not to devote myself to 
Mobutu's interests or Mobutu’s fortune, 
as you write from time to time, but to the 
higher interests of Zaire. That is to say, 
our unity, our territorial integrity.” 

Asked how he felt. Marshal Mobutu, 
who left a hospital in Monaco after 
cancer treatment on Wednesday, 
replied: * ‘The way i look." 

Marshal Mobutu, who has spent most 
of his time in Europe since prostate 
cancer surgery in August, welcomed 
Mr. Mbeki with an embrace. Zaire's 
embattled prime minister. Kengo wa 
Dondo, attended the talks , which lasted 
about half an hour. 

Aides to Mr. Mbeki, who was at the 
heart of a bid by Mr. Mandela to broker 
peace between Marshal Mobutu and the 
rebels last month, said Marshal Mobutu 
had promised a reply to Mr. Mandela's 
letter within 48 hours. 

Mr. Kabila, his popularity rising with 
each battlefield victory, called Saturday 
fora transitional government but said he 
would not work with anyone who had 
shared power with Marshal Mobutu. 

Mr. Kabila told Mr. Sahnoun on Sat- 
urday there could be no truce before 
talks. Mr. Sahnoun. spearheading peace 
efforts, left Kisangani after brief talks 
with Mr. Kabila. 

The rebels, who control a fifth of 
Zaire, say they have pushed south to 
within 200 kilometers { 1 25 miles) of the 
second city, Lubumbashi. 

AJounderJoe'A^WKr Krurr Him- 

The rebel leader Laurent Desire Kabila, greeting his supporters in KasanganL 

KINSHASA, Zaire — If the map of 
Africa could be turned on its side, it 
would bear a passing resemblance to a 
pistol. And the country known as Zaire, 
as the writer Frantz Fanon once said, 
would be the trigger. 

This image of Africa's third-largest 
country has a lingering resonance that 
has little to do with geographical 
whimsy. From this country's birth, with 
independence from Belgium in 1960, 
Zaire, more than any other African state, 
has been the place where explosive 
crises begin. 

All at once, Zaire is caught up in a 
civil war sponsored by its neighbors, 
economic collapse and an open struggle 
over succession. For anyone who has 
followed the country’s turbulent his- 
tory, this dangerous moment can only 
seem like old times. 

In its first year of starehood. Zaire, 
then known as the Congo, experienced 
an attempt at secession by one of its 
provinces. In die beat of the Cold War, 
the breakaway bid by Katanga Province 
quickly drew in the superpowers. 

Soon, the country was the scene of the 
first United Nations intervention in 
Africa, and the word Congo rarely ap- 
peared in print without being followed 
by the word crisis. In the immediate 
post-independence years, the Congo 
would continue to be an unfortunate 
pioneer in foreign interventions, armed 
rebellions and the use of mercenaries to 
put them down. 

The essential event that has most 

marked this country was the coup m an ^ ls aU ; ^° l Jlf U SS|- fymbol of - his 
1965, by Joseph Desire Mobutu, 34 If no te SJ™ 

not entirely invented by the Central In- hubris Mofetn 

telligence Agency, Marshal Mobutu chose m ®®^endu wa za Brings 
had been sponsored and. at critical mo- Ses f^ k ^ w ^f u i warr ior 

mf*ntc m-nrvllert hv it. [ne 311 puwca , ■ 


f.’- -kfe ***. 

ments. propelled by iL 

As army chief of staff during the first 
five years of independence, the general 
was covertly used as the lever through 


which Washington could manipulate 
the country's fragmented political sys- 

But once in power. Marshal Mobutu 
almost single-handedly went on to in- 
vent a new brand of African politics, 
which he termed “authenticity." 

Fashioning himself as a kind of su- 
preme chief rooted in African tradition, 
be set out to create a sense of African 
pride and nationhood among over 250 
tribes in a nation the size of the United 
States east of the Mississippi. 

The Congo became Zaire, cities were 
stripped of their Belgian names, and 
dozens were forbidden to use Christian 

For a time, many Zairians felt a sense 
of hope from the country’s strong cur- 
rency and from the dams and factories 
and 'other big industrial projects that 
were begun. There was relief, too, when 
the incessant rebellions of the early 
years seemed over. 

Today. Marshal Mobutu's project 
lies in shambles, eerily similar to what 
he inherited in 1965. IBs experiments 

cause of his endurance and inflexible 
will to win. will go from conquest to 
conquest leaving fire in his wake. _ ■ . 

If Julius Nyerere of Tanzania influx 
enced many with his "African social- 
ism,” Marshal Mobum cbampionedAf- 

rican dictatorship, which he sought .to 
make respectable by cloaking one-man 
rule in the trappings of cultural au- 

thentidty. , . . - ’• 

In the midst of his would-be nation-* 
building. Marshal Mobutu busied him- ■ 
self playing mischief maker m many of : . 
the nine nations bordering his country,-: 
and beyond. In Angola, he did the hanfi-- 
work of the CIA for years, turning Zaire, 
into the rear base of the Western-backed 
UNITA rebel movement that was fitt- 
ing against a Marxist government. .■ 

At France's behest, he seni his sol- 
diers to support dictators in Chad. As- 
sassins were reportedly serif to kiH . 
Marien Ngouabi, the Marxist president 
of neighboring Congo (a former French 
colony), chan ging the regime there in 
Paris's favor just as Congo was tapping 
huge oil reserves. 

Since the mid-1990s, this tendency 
toward adventurism has come back to 
bauntMarshal Mobutu and finally seems . 
likely to undo him at a time when be is ill 
with advanced prostate cancer and seen 
as having a tenuous hold on power. “ 

• -.ji-jrti: 

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_/ \ i m 

■u /awf 

X*-’ 1 ~ * 

El Salvador Leftists Emerge With a Stunning Election Victory 

By Douglas Farah 

Washington Post Service 

SAN SALVADOR — When Hector 
Silva sneaked back into the country 1 2 
years ago to begin organizing political 
support for Marxist guerrillas and a 
negotiated end to the nation's civil war. 
he could not have foreseen that the 
journey would culminate with his elec- 
tion as mayor of San Salvador. 

But his stunning victory in this cap- 
ital of 1.4 million people is the most 
visible sign of the political tremor that 
shook El Salvador on March 16 during 
legislative and municipal elections. 

For the first time, former Marxist 
guerrillas of the Farabundo Marti Na- 
tional Liberation Front, or FMLN, won 
through the ballot box what they had 

sought during 1 2 years of war against the 
U.S.-backed government a measure of 
real power within the political system. 

Mr. Silva, 49, a U.S. -educated 
gynecologist, was a political ally of the 
FMLN but not a member or a com- 
batant. But the FMLN was by far the 
largest party in the coalition that Mr. 
Silva led to victory, making him the 
most visible elected leftist official in 
Central America. His election and oth- 
er FMLN gains reversed a tide that has 
seen the left and its revolutionary rhet- 
oric swept from the political scene 
across the region. 

“The future of the country and the 
city depend on two things,” Mr. Silva 
said in an interview. “First is the FM- 
LN: how they act and if they under- 
stand that governing is judged on re- 

sults, and that they have to deliver. The 
second is the private sector, which has 
to understand it has to share a little 
more. If they want to strangle my ad- 
ministration. that will be a problem.” 

While the final ballot tally is not in. 
the FMLN won at least seven of the 14 
state capitals, including the national cap- 
ital and the nation's second-largest city. 
Santa Ana. The organization is expected 
to win about 100 of the nation’s 262 
municipalities, up from 14 in 1994. 

In addition, the FMLN almost 
emerged from the elections as the 
biggest party in the 84-seat legislative 
assembly. It won 28 seats, up from 12. 
while the governing Republican Na- 
tionalist Alliance, known as .Arena, 
won 29 seats, down from 38 in the 
previous assembly. 

That strong showing shocked Arena, 
which has dominated the political scene 
since 1988. Arena's leaders blamed 
poor voter turnout for much of the de- 
feat, saying their followers stayed home 
because they were overconfident. 

Arena was founded in 1 980 as pan of 
a paramilitary structure dedicated to 
wiping out communism, represented 
by the FMLN. While Arena has grown 
more institutionalized and the FMLN 
has pnt down its weapons as pan of a 
1992 UN-brokered peace agreement 
and become a legal political party, deep 
antagonisms still exist 

Luis CardenaL president of the 
Chamber of Commerce, said there was 
“mode rare concern” among the busi- 
ness community that the FMLN, with 
its new strength, would revert to its 

former Marxist ideology and begin na- 
tionalizing industries and driving away 
foreign investment. Mr. Gardena! ac- 
knowledged that Mr. Silva bad a repu- 
tation for integrity and moderation, and 
said he hoped that all sides could work 

“Six years ago these same people 
used Marxist discourse, calling for so- 
cialism and against private enter- 
prise," Mr. Cardenal said. “They were 
outside die law. Now they have a 
chance to support their hew discourse 
with actions, and I hope they do.” .. 

But some are concerned that the 
central government, which provides 
some of the money to run the capital, 
and big businessmen who support 
Arena could try to strangle Mr. Silva's 
admin istration financially. 

w j- a iw. 

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U.S. Corporations Look for Incentives to Entice Low- Wage Workers to Stay 

By Kirstin Downey Grimsley 

Washington Post Service 

tives at more than two 
dozen of America’s largest 
corporations have been 
meeting quietly over the past year to 
brainstorm ways to recruit and retain 
workers who make less than $8.50 an 

Scattered labor shortages in parts of 
the country have made the issue more 

The human resources executives, who 
gathered recently in Miami, have 
dubbed themselves the Employer 

Of the 26 major corporations par- 
ticipating, only 10 have agreed to go 

The others fear public opprobrium for 
acknowledging that a large portion of 
their workers earn less in houriv wages 
than is stipulated by federal 'poverty 

The companies that own the fast-food 
restaurant chains Burger King and Pizza 
Hut are in the Employer Group, as are 

Hyatt Hotels Corp.. the financial ser- 
vices giant Aetna Life & Casualty Co. 
and the clothing manufacturer Levi 
Strauss & Co. 

The General Services Administration 
also is participating. Together, the 
companies represent about 2.5 million 
workers nationwide. 

The executives describe their motives 
as economic, not altruistic. All operate in 
highly price-competitive industries that 
depend on stable, low-wage work 
forces, and they say market realities 
make it impossible to raise salaries sig- 

But the executives say they have 
learned it is in their interest to help 
workers cope with a variety of life's 

“We are being dragged into all these 
issues, forced to recognize this work 
force exists, 1 ' said Charles Romeo, the 
director of employee benefits at Con- 
Agra Refrigerated Foods in Geneva. 
Illinois, the meat-processing company 
that produces Swift and Armour 
products and ButxerbaJI turkeys. “If we 
don’r. we won ’r exist. We need to better 
manage it." 

“We're simply trying to attack our 
challenges more effectively," said Jay 
Hundley, director of personnel at the 
retailer J.C. Penney Co., a co- founder of 
the group along with Marriott Interna- 
tional Inc. 

Mr. Hundley said J.C. Penney 's stud- 
ies have shown that retention of good 

collapse of makeshift child-care arrange- 
ments or the breakdown of the family car, 
forcing companies to hire and train new 
workers, according to group members. 

Mr. Romeo at ConAgra estimates it 
costs $2,000 to $3,000 to train a worker 
to understand health and safety stan- 
dards and ro learn how to properly trim 

Low-wage employees face difficulties finding adequate 
child care, reliable transportation and affordable 
housing, which can turn into costly business problems, 
including absenteeism, tardiness and lost productivity. 

workers is crucial because employees 
become most productive after being on 
the job at least three years. 

But low-wage employees face dif- 
ficulties finding adequate child care, re- 
liable transportation and affordable 
housing, which can turn into costly busi- 
ness problems, including absenteeism, 
tardiness and lost productivity. 

In many cases, formerly good workers 
disappear or quit unexpectedly, citing a 

meat off an animal carcass. 

ConAgra managers, depending on the 
job and location, might have to fill the 
same slot two or three times a year. Job 
turnover is even higher among' some of 
the group's members. 

The Employer Group focuses on shar- 
ing what members call “best- practices” 
policies that help workers manage their 
lives and stay productive. Many compa- 
nies have introduced subsidized child 

care, specialized training for managers, 
prenatal care programs and on-the-job 
immigration and tax-filing advice. 

For example, many McDonald's res- 
taurants have expanded employee food 
discounts by offering 50 percent off for 
workers’ families. 

Hyan has reduced employee turnover 
by emphasizing flexible work hours. 
Marriott International Inc. has a tele- 
phone hot line linked to social workers 
who assist with transportation and child- 
care crises. The company helps workers 
file federal tax forms that would allow 
them to ger earned income-tax credits on 
a weekly basis rather than in one refund. 

A single mother earning $192 a week 
could get an extra $24 per week in her 
paycheck if she fiied the forms. That 
“makes a big difference when you are 
poor.” said Donna Klein. Maniotr’s di- 
rector of work-life programs. 

Executives in the Employer Group 
say they cannot consider raising wages 
in an era of tight profit margins and 
competitive price pressures. 

‘ ‘These are the economics of our busi- 
ness,” said Ms. Klein. Only about 1.5 
cents of every dollar spent on lodging is 

profit for Marriott, she added. 

The companies are defining as "low- 
wage' ' those workers who earn less than 
$8.50 an hour, roughly the figure used by 
die federal government to determine eli- 
gibility for federal housing, child care 
and food subsidies. 

For seven of the 10 companies whose 
executives agreed to be interviewed these 
hourly employees compose one-half to 
four-fifths of their total work force. 

At McDonald’s, about 80 percent of 
its 600,000 U.S. workers earn an average 
wage of about $6 an hour. At Hyatt, at 
least half of its 40,000 employees re- 
ceive less than $8.50 an hour, and at Levi 
Strauss. 19.000 of its clothing produc- 
tion workers — or 90 percent of its 
American work force — receive about 
$8 an hour. 

Instead of talking about downsizing 
and cutting employee benefit programs, 
the participants are pondering a role that 
Faith Wohl, director of the office of 
workplace initiatives at the General Ser- 
vices Administration and formerly a per- 
sonnel executive with DuPont Co., de- 
scribed as a “surrogate for the social 
service system.” 


ctor t 




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A Useful Summit 

New Ground Rules 

Bill Quran sod Baris Yeltsin got 
together again last week and accom- 
plished more than they expected. The 
two men essentially agreed on some 
new ground rules for relations that will 
allow important business like nuclear 
arms reductions to proceed despite 
Russian objections to the eastward ex- 
pansion of NATO. Tbe accommoda- 
tion was largely tbe result of abard but 
sensible decision by Mr. Yeltsin that 
Russia ought to concentrate on build- 
ing prosperity and democracy rather 
than getting distracted by America’s 
needless rush to enlarge NATO. 

The most encouraging advance in 
Helsinki was agreement on a set of 
guidelines for a third nuclear weapons 
reduction treaty. The agreed goal is to 
reduce the number of warheads on. each 
country's long-distance weapons to 
somewhere between 2.000 and 2^00 
by the year 2007, a reduction of more 
dutn 80 percent from Cold War levels. 

Regrettably, the Clinton adminis- 
tration still resists beginning formal 
negotiations until Russia’s Parliament 
ratifies the previous weapons reduc- 
tion agreement, signed in 1993. But 
that ratification may now move ahead 
more smoothly thanks to a new un- 
derstanding that sets limits for Amer- 
ica’s new missile defense systems con- 
sistent with existing treaties. 

agreements do not eliminate the po- 
tentially troublesome issue of NATO 
expansion, but they make progress in 
other areas possible. 


A Statesman’s Role 

Russia’s power has faded steadily in 
the past 10 years, but the iconography 
of Russian- LT.S. summits remains gen- 
erally unchanged. That has produced 
an odd phenomenon. It used to be that 
two leaders of more or less equal geo- 

political weight could come to a hard- 
fought compromise and then go home 
and crow. Now there is not much to 
keep Bill Clinton from scoring an easy 
victory, but he has to be careful not to 
proclaim it Such tact allows Boris 
Yeltsin to go on cooperating and to 
claim victory, or at least a draw, when 
he returns to Moscow. But it com- 
plicates Mr. Clinton’s efforts to con- 
vince skeptics at home and in Central 
Europe that he has not sold out U.S. or 
third-country interests. 

In Helsinki on Friday. Mr. Clinton 
got what he wanted — de facto Russian 
acquiescence to NATO expansion 
eastward. In return, it appears that he 
gave Mr. Yeltsin small wins (this 
June's Group of Seven meeting in 
Denver will be called * ‘the Summit of 
the Eight”) and “concessions” that 
are as much in the U.S. interest as in 
Russia’s, such as a pledge to further 
reduce nuclear-weapon arsenals. Still, 
both sides have to portray the package 
as a carefully balanced compromise. 

All that said, it is also true that this 
was a useful, productive summit Mr. 
Yeltsin came to Helsinki with a weak 

we do not lose tbe partnership that has 
developed in recent years ... We will 
part from the summit as friends.’’ 

Potentially the most sensible ac- 
complishment was the two leaders’ 
agreement on a new arms control 
treaty, known as START-3, under 
winch each side would reduce, by the 
year 2007, its strategic nuclear arsenal 
to between 2,000 and 2^500 warheads 
— one-frith of the levels of five years 
ago. Russia has yet to ratify START-2, 
in part because it would have to destroy 
thousands of one type of weapon and 
then, to reach parity with the United 
States, actually build a new class of 

missile. That is plainly not what Russia 
should be spending money on, even if 

hand butplayed it well. He could not 
stop NATO from accepting new mem- 

stop NATO from accepting new mem- 
bers, such as Poland, but he could have 
lobbed some rhetorical hand grenades 
as he retreated, and thereby shaken up 
Europe. That would have been self- 
defeating in the long run, but it might 
have felt good for a time. Instead he 
chose a statesman’s role. Europe and 
the world were watching, he said be- 
fore the eight-hour negotiations, “that 

should be spending money on, even if 
it had the money. Friday's agreement 
provides the assurance that those new 
weapons will not have to be built But 
whether that is enough to persuade 
Russia's Parliament to ratify START- 
2 is uncertain — and without START- 
2, START-3 can’t happen. 

Mr. Yeltsin also agreed to enter a 
new relationship with NATO, even as 
he continues to register his opposition 
to its expansion, and he dropped his 
insistence that the new NATO-Russia 
charter be ratified by every NATO 
member’s Parliament The merits of 
the new consultative mechanism will 
depend on the details; drawing Russia 
in is in everyone’s interest as long as 
Mr. Clinton sticks to his commitment 
repeated on Friday, that Moscow will 
have “a voice, not a veto.” 

Now that die U.S. -Russian relation- 
ship is, for the moment on track, Mr. 
Clinton can turn to a no less crucial 
challenge of shaping the new Europe. 
That is to ensure fiat the newly in- 
dependent nations that will not enter 
NATO on the first go-round, such as 
Estonia, Latvia. Lithuania ' and 
Ukraine, emerge' with their sover- 
eignty and security well protected. 


Rhetoric and Bombers 

Terro ri sm has again dealt a blow to 
peace in the Middle East Tbe bombing 
of a Tel Aviv caffe on Friday killed 
three people, including die attacker. 
The radical Palestinian group Hamas 
has claimed responsibility, and the Pal- 
estinian Authority's president, Yasser 
Arafat has denounced the bombing. 

There has been a lot of inflammatory 
rhetoric — from Mr. Arafat King Hus- 
sein of Jordan and President Hosni 
Mubarak of Egypt — during the recent 
diplomatic standoff ova- new housing 
construction in East Jerusalem and dis- 
agreements over the scope of Israeli 
troop withdrawals in the West Bank. 
There is no provable link between their 
angry words and the bombing, but hav- 
ing repeatedly invoked die threat of 
violence, these Arab leaders will now 
be blamed by many Israelis foritsactnal 
occurrence. That is even more likely 
given the so far unsubstantiated charges 
by Israel's prime minister, Benjamin 
Netanyahu, made both before and after 
tbe bombing, that Mr. Arafat has been 
releasing jailed terrorists and privately 

C ’ig radical groups a green light to 
ch new attacks. 

launch new attacks. 

This is another of those delicate and 
dangerous Middle East moments. Mr. 
Netanyahu’s course since signing the 
Hebron withdrawal agreement in Janu- 
ary has infuriated even the most mod- 
erate Arabs. His decision to authorize 
construction of a new Jewish housing 
project in East Jerusalem came only 
days before negotiations were set to 
resume on matters including that city’s 
future. He decided on a minimally ad- 
equate troop withdrawal from occupied 
areas of the West Bank, with no show 
of consultation wife Mr. Arafat The 
Palestinians then refused to cooperate 
in the withdrawals, and negotiations on 
Jerusalem and other issues stalled. 

None of Mr. Netanyahu's maneu- 
verings, however, can possibly justify 
the sacrifice of a single human life. 
Hard bargaining over tbe remaining 
issues is surely appropriate. But reck- 
less rhetoric can have deadly if un- 
intentional consequences. 







RICHARD McCLEAN, Publisher & Chief Executive 
MICHAEL GETLER, Executive Editor 

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01997. International Herald Tribune. All rights reserved ISSN: 0291-8052. 

MONDAY, MARCH 24, 1997 


Indians Are Taking a Long Look in 

Once the 1993 treaty is ratified, the 
White House will ask Congress to give 
Russia more time for fee required dis- 
mantling of its warheads and missiles. 
Moscow says it cannot afford to pay 
for the existing schedule. 

The two presidents also agreed to 
push their legislatures to ratify fee 
chemical weapons agreement before it 
goes into effect late next month. 

On NATO, Mr. Yeltsin affirmed 
Russian opposition to fee expansion 
plan. But he agreed to accept an in- 
formal partnership wife NATO that 
will be spelled out in a document to be 
signed by fee leaders of the 16 NATO 
countries. NATO is expected this July 
to invite Poland, Hungary and die 
Czech Republic to join fee alliance. 

Mr. Clinton and Mr. Yeltsin also 
agreed to strengthen economic cooper- 
ation. Mr. Yeltsin was promised a lar- 
ger role in fee annual meetings of in- 
dustrialized nations, an important 
symbolic achievement for Russia. 

Russia remains Europe's largest 
country. A stable Russian government 
and economy pursuing a responsible 
foreign policy is an indispensable con- 
dition tor achieving Mr. Clinton’s 
stated goal of building a secure and 
democratic Europe. The Helsinki 

N EW DELHI — Close now to 50 
years of independence muter polit- 
ical democracy, Indians are deep in 
self-examination — sparing nothing, 
from corroding corruption to quota by 
casteisru to bureaucratic strangulation. 

hi range and bite, no other society 
approaches the long look in fee minor 
feat Indians are taking at themselves 
and those they entrusted to govern 
them. The pain is already bringing 

By A.M. Rosenthal 

political ana economic changes to In- 
dia, whose history affected fee world 
for centuries and still does. 

But despite some excellent Indian 
and foreign journalism, this pivotal 
event in democracy gets less attention 
from Western capitals than twitches in 
Beijing’s Communist rhetoric does. 

For 40 years I have been seized by 
India. Tbe glory of the variety of its 
ways, history, religions, art and friend- 
ships — fee colors of life — make me 
rush to meet tbe gift of the day. 

For all those years, Indians and 
friends like myself said that India was 
of huge importance to the world be- 
cause it was the only newly independent 

country to choose and stick wife polit- 
ical democracy. Now they say that it is 
still true, but democracy defeats demo- 
cracy when it is used to explain away or 
apologize for fee nasty blotches. 

The mirror asks why for half a cen- 
tury elected Indian governments have 
failed to provide the great majority of 
Indians wife the decencies of life — 
clean water, toilets, sufficient food and 
medicine, enough roads so that vil- 
lagers do not have to walk hours to fee 
nearest one. Why does India lag behind 
so many other comparable societies in 
basic education, birth control, life ex- 
pectancy, health care, income, foreign 

It is not tbe major politicians and 
parties that are trying to answer those 
questions. They have been sidelined by 
the disgust of Indians using ballots as 
an archer his arrows. In last year’s 
elections voters virtually wiped out tbe 
Congress Party, which led India to in- 
dependence under Mohandas Gandhi 

and Jawaharlal Nehru and then 
marched purposefully into corruption, 
disdain and slovenly govemment- 
Indian voters, investigative courts 
and a vivid press show fear conviction 
fiat it was not democracy that failed 
India but fee politicians who failed 
bo ih Every day brings exposure of 
official coemption. One former cabinet 
minister was sentenced for sheltering a 
leader of bandits who terrorize meat 
swatches of India — 10 years* hard 
labor. The last prime minister, P- V. 
Narasimha Rao, is fighting to stay out 
of prison for bribery. 

India's political leaders were a choke 
collar on economic progress- For cash 
and caste, they helped cronies, kept the 
economy in government hands and re- 
stricted foreign investment far beyond 
the steps necessary to protect farmers 
and small businesses feat do need help, 

as they once did in the West- 
No party wan a majority. A coalition 
of 13 parries, most rep onal-based. was 
pasted together to block die Hindu na- 
tionalist party from taking control. A 
provincial leader from Karnataka, H. D. 

Deve Gowda, won the 
ministership, to his astorushnimt- 
Even if it does not last, ms goy 


India’s most friendly, to 

vestors and Indian business. Foreigners 

Sd remember that he also bas vabd 

rw. mm irmraltS to fee VSSt. SCiabblmg lUT- 

a shift of some political P°£fT. f™ 
economic say-so from NewMuto- 
fee 25 states. The mishmash or tree 
enterprise and socialist regulation is, 
held in growing contempt. - 

Communism and fascism taught us 
that tyranny can prosper under cap- 
italism. India teaches us feat in a demo- 
cracy fee corruption, hypocrisy, arrog- 
ance and fossilization of elected 
leaders can perpetuate destitution. 

Now I am going out for a walk in 
New Delhi, where Indian freedom was 
proclaimed on Aug. 15, 1947. When I 
get batik, I will be like fee country — , 
hot, sweaty and impatient, but eager 
y gflin to meet the gift of a day in India. 

The New York Tunes. 

tvt -,1 fe 

Russia: Made an Outsider Again by America’s 

P ARIS — Russia poses two 
questions. The first is how a 

A questions 
fundamental internal stability 
will be restored. Tbe outside 
world obviously wants a re- 
formed system feat will last, 
which means one that Russians 
accept as representative of their 
legitimate interests, foreign as 
well as domestic. 

The second question is Rus- 
sia’s place in fee international 
system. This is related to how 
fee first problem finds an an- 
swer. But whatever happens in- 
ternally, the Russian nation is 
too big, too populous, too rich 
in resources, too important geo- 
politically and historically, not 
to play a major international 
role — either a constructive or a 
destructive one. 

Modem China had virtually 
no active influence on interna- 
tional society until recently. The 
idea that it is a major threat to 
international order was gener- 
ated in Washington in fee 1 950s 
and 1960s as a result of China's 

By WiUtiam Pfaff 

factor in international society 
because h was too big to fit into 
Europe, too much an ’’Asiatic” 
power to be fully admitted into 
tbe Western system, and was 
itself tormented by that divided 
identify. Russian history during 
the 1 9th and 20th centuries is a. 
story of successive attempts to 
come to terms wife Western 
political rivalry and Weston in- 
tellectual influence. 

Each successive accommoda- 
tion to the Western challenge 
eventually broke down. Bolshe- 
vism itself was fee application of 
a Western idea to Russia, and it 
succumbed to fee ’’Asiatic” 
tendencies embodied in Stalin, 
and failed. Today, Western lib- 
eral political and economic ideas 
are being applied, and distorted, 
to unforeseeable effect. 

These are importam consid- 
erations because Bill Clinton 
and his entourage express an 

extremely short-term view of 
Russia. They are interested in 
Boris Yeltsin's health, the 
policies of his new government 
team, and the significance of fee 
Lebed challenge. 

Their idea of expanding 
NATO assumes Russian weak- 
ness and American power. 
Washington does not mean to 
provoke Russia, bur it does in- 
tend to have its own way for 
reasons, essentially, of Amer- 
ican domestic political and bu- 
reaucratic interest. Mr. Clin- 
ton’s people see risks in Russia 
solely in tenns of the possible 
rise to power of nationalists or 
neo-Communists. They are not 
thinking geopohtically. 

They ignore tbe imperative 
need for an incisive rather than 
exclusive relationship of fee 
West to Russia. That is why 
NATO expansion is so danger- 
ous. It recreates fee adversarial 

relationship that once 1989 had 
been set aside. It makes Russia 
Again the outsider. 

Obviously, file security of 
states formerly under Soviet 
domination is a legitimate con- 
cern, but there are better ways to 
guarantee their in dependence 
than incorporating mem into 
NATO. This also is bad for 
NATO, redefining it as a demo- 
cracy-building political fratern- 
ity, whereas its political effec- 
tiveness really lies in remaining 
an efficient military alliance. 

How should Russia be dealt 
with? First, wife respect and a 
certain detachment. Russia has 
bad quite enough bad advice 
from the West, ft has to find its 

own way. 

Russia should steadily be as- 
sured that it has a major place 
in the existing system of in- 
ternational cooperation and in 
die international institutions of 
the democracies. Its opinions 
should be heard. 

The notion that Russia is the 
rival of a Western bloc under 
increasingly hegemonic . Amer- 
ican influence has an extremely 
negative influence. Thar is ; the 
idea that prevails today. 

Any international system in- 
evitably seeks balance. Nothing 
has happened to change feat 
principle of international rela- 
tions. If a system is unbalanced, 
it generates forces within it to 
restore balance. 

Hence fee notion of the United 
States as the sole superpower, or 
global hegemon, which Wash- 
ington finds so seductive, may 
describe the current situation bt it 
provides a profoundly mistaken 
guide to policy. 

Since 1989, Russia has tried 
to become fully inducted in tbe 
international system of the 
democracies. America’s NATO 
policy excludes it That is a fun- 
damental mistake. 

International Herald Tribune. - - - 
9 Los Angeles Times Syndicate. 

rr -• nrv 

• i firfr 

L 1 ' ‘ 

irt T1 

. Lrt-iTaa. 
;-'<i Th* ft 

k 44«l I 

intervention in die Korean War 
(to save fee North Korean re- 
gime) and of the nationalist up- 
rising in neighboring Indochina. 
Because the latter's mobilizing 
ideology was also communism, 
it was grossly misconceived in 
Washington as evidence of 
Chinese expansionism. 

Russia, on the other band, has 
been an expansionist interna- 
tional power since fee tune of 
Catherine fee Great, who ruled 
from 1762 to 1796. Under her it 
began its westward and south- 
ern expansion, at the expense of 
Poland and Ottoman Turkey. 

By defeating Napoleon's in- 
vasion. early 19th century Rus- 
sia became one of the two lead- 
ing powers in continental Eu- 
rope (Austria was file other). In 
the second half of the century it 
consolidated its domination of 
Central Asia and expanded to the 
Pacific Ocean, at China’s cost. 

There was at the same time an 
inner political and social weak- 
ness to autocratic Russia, even- 
tually exploited by the Bolshev- 
iks. There was also an 
astonishing intellectual and 
artistic achievement 

Russia was a des tabilizing 

China: Don’t Incite It to Play by Its Own Rules 

refuses to admit feat it 

By Jim Hoagkmd 

sought to influence recent U.S. 
elections wife secret campaign 
donations. But that effort de- 
tected by American counterin- 
telligence, fits into its deter- 
mined bid to play power politics 
at fee global level. 

China is determined to 
demonstrate that it will no 
longer allow other nations to 
limit its ability to act where its 
interests are involved. Beijing 
will make its own rules. 

The campaign finance con- 
troversy is small potatoes com- 
pared wife the ominous military 
buildup that China is pursuing. 
Intelligence analysts have gath- 
ered indications that the military 

is acquiring specific weapons 
and drawing up contingency 
battle plans that will be targeted 

on U.S. forward-deployed units 
in the Pacific if conflict over 
Taiwan escalates again, accord- 
ing to U.S. officials. 

This does not mean feat hos- 

tilities are Imminent or even 
likely in fee future, fee analysts 
stress. The study of combat situ- 
ations that would involve U.S. 
units is pan of a long-range 
planning exercise undertaken 
after last spring’s bristling con- 
frontation over Taiwan. 

That crisis underlined feat 
Beijing's forces are no match 
for the overwhelming Americ- 
an firepower deployed in the 
region. But the accelerating 
purchases of Russian-made 
warships, surface-to-surface 
missiles 2 nd warplanes under- 
line China's long-term ambi- 
tion to reduce or eliminate 
America’s ability to constrain 
its actions in Asia. 

This is a remarkable reversal 
for a giant but impoverished 
nation feat has been treated like 
an international doormat for a 
century. More astonishing is 
that it took fee campaign fi- 
nancing indiscretion to get Con- 

The British Do Elections Better 

with Robert Browning, 

YY with Robert Browning, 
who wrote, “Oh, to be in Eng- 
land now that April’s there.” 

He was talking spring. I am 
talking elections — Britain’s 
are just getting under way. 

S is one filing that 
_ton does perfectly. 
We are awash in tender green 
shoots and delicate blossoms. 
But Washington, as we are re- 
minded every day, does elec- 
tions abominably. Those who 
say there has to be abetter way 
are right. England’s way. 

At a Sl Patrick’s Day lunch 
here, British Ambassador Sir 
John Kerr introduced scores 
of British politicians, who de- 
scribed for fee American audi- 
ence the joys of the short cam- 
paign ami the strict limits on 

Michael Ancram, fee min- 
ister for Northern Ireland, ex- 
plained to open-mouthed jour- 
nalists that as a candidate for 
re-election to Parliament be 
cannot spend more than fee 
equivalent of $14,000, buy 

any television time or advert- 
ise his candidacy on televi- 
sion. The lore in Washington 
is that those who spend a mil- 
lion dollars for a seat in the 
House of Representatives are 
much likelier to succeed than 
those who don’t. 

The British do not let their 
campaigns run mote than six 
weeks. They put no cap on 
collecting corporate funds, and 
there are no laws requiring dis- 
closure of contributors, but 
campaigns don’t consume 
huge sums of money. 

The parties do a great deal of 

By Mary McGrory 

direct mail and door knocking. 
Voters are spared America’s 
stomach-turning negative ads. 
This year, Tones are raising 
eyebrows wife an ad that is 
considered a vigorous assault 
on Labour’s Tony Blair. Over 
a caption that says “New La- 
bour, New Danger’ ’ it shows a 
masked Blair grinning mani- 
acally, supposedly in anticip- 
ation of devouring voters. It’s a 
far cry from the infamous Wil- 
lie Horton ad that so wounded 
Michael Dukakis. 

Max Qeland, a Georgia De- 
mocrat who spent $3_5 million 
to defeat a rival who spent $10 
million, is much drawn to file 
British way. A member of the 
Senate Governmental Affairs 
Committee, which is investi- 
gating the campaig n financing 
scandals, he anticipates that the 
public is about to hear firings 
about its politicians “that will 
make us throw up.” 

Daniel Patrick Moyniban of 
New York, tbe Senate's only 
intellectual, says we Americ- 
ans can envy the British sys- 
tem, but we cannot emulate iL 
The British, be points out, do 
not have a legislature like 
ours. Members of each party 
vote the party line. 

“It sounds idyllic,” he ob- 
serves. “but there are 24 bars 
in Westminster — there is 
nofiiing else for members of 
Parliament to do but drink.” 

The British elections are 
called at fee pleasure of the 
prime minister. We, of course, 
have fixed elections, every 

two and. four years. We are 
stuck, therefore, wife perma- 
nent campaigns. Any interfer- 
ence with them would involve 
infringement of First Amend- 
ment free speech rights. 

We have raised among us a 
breed that could be called com- 
pulsive campaigners. Prime 
exhibit: the president of the 
United States. How else to ex- 
plain his recent decision to turn 
down, at least for now, a re- 
vision in the Consumer Price 
Index, an adjustment feat could 

help stabilize Medicare? 
Bill Clinton is forbiddi 

gross and the Clinton admin- 
istration to wake up. 

Chinese officials ap paren tly 
sought to buy influence in a 
particularly crude, detectable 
way in the 1996 elections. 

The disclosure about China 
has had a chilling effect on Cap- 
itol Hill and in the Clinton ad- 
ministration. Vanished from 
Bill Clinton's screen are fee 
hopes he had a few months ago 
of getting trading restrictions on 
China lifted by Congress on a 
permanent or multiyear basis 
this spring. He will now have to 
settle for another one-year ex- 
tension of most-favored-nation 
trading rights for China. 

Indonesian and Taiwanese 
campaign contributions to the 
Democrats broaden the chilling 
effect that file scandal stories 
have on U.S. policy toward 
Asia. Trips to Asia have sud- 
denly become inconvenient for 
career-minded policymakers or 
legislators. What had been a 
scramble within the bureaucra- 
cy to get aboard Vice President 
A1 Gore’s visit to China this 
week quickly subsided when 
file campaign scandal broke. 

Pending decisions cm military 
sales to Indonesia have been 
pushed further back on fee shelf . 
Congressmen who were leaning 
toward supporting China 's ad- 
mission to fee World Trade Or- 
ganization now lean away. 

This is not exactly what the 
officials in Beijing who dis- 
cussed buying politicians in 
range of U.S. listening devices 
had in mind. But they will have 
done America a big favor if they 
force Congress and the White 
House to change a misguided 
China policy fear has outlived 
the limited usefulness it hud . 

China has amassed more than 
$100 billion in foreign reserves, 
second only to Japan, andvrill 
acquire $60 billion more when 
it takes control of HongKong in 
July. This money is being, used 
not to better fee lives of allof its 
citizens but to fond a menacing 
arsenal and file establishment of 
an industrial base that will make 
China independent of external 
constraints in the next century. 

“The Russians are selling 
them fee latest in military tech- 
nology and we in fee West are 
selling them the latest in ci- 
vilian technology,” a European 
diplomat in China told me re- 
cently. “Have we -thought 
about where this ends?” 

No. The Clinton administra- 
tion has propagated to itself and 
the public a false choice: either 
engagement — winch involves 
showy summit meetings, unres- 
tricted business and financial in- 
volvement, and gradually . 
warming military contacts — or 
containment, a strategic en-. 
circlement by military force and 
economic isolation. 

■JK\ 30 

w sat 


v j» : 






- rii-.-i! i 

; ‘vd- Sivfi 

Tbe sound policy is a more 
difficult middle strategy: to ex- 
ercise influence where possible 
to limit China 's growing am- 
bitions, particularly in Asia. 
This would involve a mix of 
incentives and penalties that 
have the common feature of in-’ 
dicating American disapproval ' 
of China’s ruling Communist' 
dictatorship and support for a 
democratic alternative. 

China has a great-power role 
to play in fee world. Unfor- 
tunately, Mr. Clinton’s indul- 
gence and supineness have 
helped convince it that it can 
play that role by bribing, bul- 
lying and blustering, without' 
paying a price. 

The Washington Post. 


Bill Clinton is forbidden by 
law to seek another term, but 
based on that decision you 
might not think so. Asked why 
be would reject a solution that 
unblocks other solutions, peo- 
ple explain feebly that the 
American Association of Re- 
tired Persons wouldn't like it 
That should be of no conse- 
quence to him now. 

Mr. Moynihan says that if 
we can’t adopt the kinder, 
gentler British system, we 
jolly well better come up with 
one of our own. 

There is stiff resistance to 
fee modest reforms of the Mc- 
Cain-Fe ingold campaign fi- 
nance bill. At least it would 
give free television rime to 
candidates. The excesses of 
the Clinton fund-raising team 
can be directly traced to the 
year of television commer- 
cials dictated by Dick Moms, 
fi>e scoundrel who is now 
moralizing on talk shows. 

Too bad we can’t pass laws 
feat would save a president 
from himself. 

The Washington Post. 

1897: Jealous Senate out of style in four weeks. Tt» 

LONDON — The Times says: 
“The Senate seems to be ac- 
tuated by a spirit of jealousy and 
fee desire to assert its authority as 
against the other tranches of fee 
Legislature. To this temptation 
Senators as individuals are al- 
ways exposed. Their sense of 
responsibility to those who elect 
them is for various reasons much 
less acute than it is tbe fashion of 
some admirers of the American 
Constitution to assume, but wife 
jealousies existing between fee 
populations of widely separated 
areas it is probable feat the rep- 
resentatives fairly express the 
temper of their constituents 

out of style in four weeks. Tbe 
verdict was given in a case in 
which Miss Frances Kennedy 
purchased a gown which was not 
delivered before sbe had to leave 
fee city. When she returned she 
refused to accept it, so that civil 
action was taken against herrShe 
maintained that “dresses go out. 
of style about every three weeks: 
an actress cannot appear in old 
models, as fee public looks to 
ner for styles.” 

•: 'ine 

•x ryw 

# ! I ■«&■ 


* - ' 'r 

1^47; Last Viceroy • • 

NEW DELHI — Lord Mount-' 
twenty-ninth Viceroy.: 
and Governor-designate, has ar- 

; : "'tr f. 

when they insist to the uttermost J M ,“ e F e to assume his duties in. 
upon the powers they can claim j“ e ° •jsmg period of British raj 
under the constiiutiofl.” 10 As tbe plane taxied’ 

“ross fee field through heavy.; 

1922: Out nf Stvlo of thirty-one’ 

1922: Out of Style 

CHICAGO — An all-woman 
jury took only four minutes to 
decide that an actress’ gown is 

gjms was fired while a regiment-^ 

K;^?^ ku P‘‘ Gods a^tfc' 
Lofo and Lady Mount-! 
^tten were greeted by Jawa-- 
harial Nehiu and other officials. ! 

BsS 4 * 






BJ *• 

'■ * s p-S - ” ^ 

^ it a Ui iti 

Legal Kibbitzers and Show Stoppers 

By William S afi re 

W ASHINGTON — There are two 
kinds of legal kibbitzers: those 
who pronounce amicus uh-MEE-kuss 
and those who pronounce it AM-uh- 
kuss. Each submits a brief as an out- 
sider. ostensibly not with an interest in 

the outcome of a case but as a " friend of 

the court” — in L ar i n, amicus curiae. 

Tony Maura, who watches the Su- 
preme Court with a legal-eagle eye for 
Legal Times, noted char Justice Stephen 
Breyer has his own pronunciation. 
“During arguments Jan. 15 in Lambrix 
v. Singletary, " wrote Mauro, “Breyer 
said ‘a-MY-cus’ so many times thar the 
hapless lawyer before him, solo prac- 
titioner Matthew La wry, adopted the 
same, clearly incorrect pronunciation 
just to be accommodating.” 

The reporter checked with Professor 
William McCarthy of the Greek and 
Latin department of Catholic Uni- 
versity, who agreed that Breyer' s pro- 
nunciation was. to say the least, non- 
standard; the professor preferred "AH- 

Is Breyer a pronunciational extrem- 
ist? I cannot limit the solo pracdoner 
before him for going along with the a- 
MY-cuses from the bench. He prob- 
ably said to himself: “I’ll pronounce it 
any cockamamie way Breyer likes, as 
long as he comes down for Lambrix.” 
In the long history of that honorable 
court, it is unlikely that any lawyer has 
corrected a justice's pronunciation. 

That’s for the gutsy Mauro to do, and 
for me as language maven to adjudicate. 
Because my bona fides in I -arin are 
nonexistent (that’s “bone-uh FEE- 
days”), I turn to a friend of the column 
— amicus columnae — as expert wit- 

Bryan Gamer is editor of the Dic- 
tionary of Modem Legal Usage and has 
been chosen to edit the seventh edition 
of Black's Law Dictionary. Creden- 
tials he’s got. “If I’d be«n in the Su- 

preme Court’s chamber to hear Justice 
Breyer say the phrase.” he confesses. 
“I'd have thought it a gross lapse. But 
I’d have been wrong.” 

AJha! You looked it up in the Oxford 
English Dictionary, huh? There it 
sounds like uh-MY-kuss kyoor-ee-eye. 
Yes. said Gamer the lexicographer, and 
Breyer also has support from William 
Henry P. Phyfe’s 1 937 4 '20,000 Woids 
Often Mispronounced,” as well as two 
modem dictionaries of pronunciation. 

“Justice Breyer has adopted an 
AngJo-Latin pronunciation.” Gamer 
explains. * ’It will make any Latin teach- 
er apoplectic. But it has English and 
American history behind it. and that, in 
the end, matters more than how Cicero 
might have mouthed the phrase.” 

That's it. Let Scalia dissent. Object 
to Breyer at the Supreme Court, not to 
me; its zip code is 20543. 1 take refuge 
in Francis Bacon’s 1612 comment: 
“Those that ingage courts in quarrels 
of Jurisdiction are not truly Amici Curi- 
ae. but Parasiii Curiae." 

“Remember what Mark Twain said 
about dogs,” said President Clinton 
not long after his re-election, perhaps 
thinking about press coverage, “Mark 
Twain said every dog should have a 
few fleas — keeps them from worry ing 
so much about being a dog.” 

The report of Mark Twain’s attri- 
bution is exaggerated. A. James Craw- 
ford of Fairfield, Connecticut, writes 
that in “Daniel Harum,” on 1898 book 
by Edward Noyes Westcott, the title 
character is advising a timorous friend to 
get up and lead the church choir, despite 
its challenges: “They say a reasonable 
amount of fleas is good for a dog — 
keeps him from broodin’ over bein’ a 
dog, mebbe.” Twain on dogs: “If you 
pick up a starving dog and make him 
prosperous, he will not bite you,” he 
wrote in “Puddn'bead Wilson” in 
1894. “This is the principal difference 
between a dog and a man.” 


Dylan, Young, Geffen, 

, . Springsteen, and the Head-on 
Collision of Rock and Commerce 

By Fred Goodman. 431 pages. $25. Times 

Reviewed by 
David Nicholson 

T HIS insider history of rock music 
since the early ’60s is fascinating 
reading, not least for its behind-the- 
scenes look at die odious characters who 
made that history. At its best, "The 
Mansion on the HSU” is Informative and 
infuriating, a story of the wild, die in- 
nocent and the egomaniacalthat leaves 
one entirely without illusions about the 
music and the people involved in making 

A host of agents, producers, concert 
promoters and plain hustlers chase the 
money throughout these pages, raging 
over conference tables, filing lawsuits, 
stealing each other's artists and ripping 
off the unwary. Two stand out because 
of their influence and longevity, how- 
ever — David Geffen, "the great robber 
baron of pop culture,’ ’ and Jon Landau, 
; Bruce Springsteen's manager. 

As Red Goodman tells it, Gefifen built 
on the techniques and insights of Albeit 
Grossman, who handled Bob Dylan and 

many others. “The first modem rock 
manager,” Grossman used his artists’ 
moneymaking potential to secure them 
unprecedented creative freedom and, not 
coincidentally, a then-unheard of 25 per- 
cent commission for himself. 

While he worked hard to establish 
musicians such as Laura Nyro and the 
Eagles, as Goodman portrays him Gef- 
fen was concerned ultimately only with 
his own success. 

If Geffen represents the side of the 
industry that values money more than 
the music, Landau, though “unapolo- 
getically mercenary," genuinely loved 
rock. "In my own moments of greatest 
need,” he once wrote, “I never give up 
the search for sounds that can answer 
every .impulse, consume all emotion, 
cleanse and purify — all things that we 
have no right to expect from even die 
greatest works of art but which we can 
occasionally derive from them.” 

That line comes from the essay in 
which Landau proclaimed, “I saw rock 
and roll’s future and its name is Bruce 
Springsteen.” The endorsement, made 
when Landau was perhaps the most in- 
fluential rock critic, led to Landau ’s pro- 
ducing Springsteen's breakthrough 
1975 album, "Bora to Run." 

If "The Mansion on the Hill” merely 
told us bow these men, and many others, 
helped the record industry grow from 
$500 million in 1 962 to an estimated $20 

Give Clinton a half-salute for a good 
quotation, wrong attribution. In anoth- 
er locution, however, he needs total 

Asked at a news conference about 
negotiations with congressional leaders 
concerning a lowering of the capital 
gains tax, the president said: “I had no 
right to say that was a show snipper in a 

From the context, it appears thai 
Clinton thinks that a show stopper 
stops a show, which is self-evident, but 
does so in a way that breaks up a deal. 

As Barbra Streisand could tell him, a 
show stopper (first used used by Vari- 
ety on Aug. 19, 1926, in hailing the 
"itch dance” of the Dixie Four fol- 
lowed by Dave Apollon in a vaudeville 
show) means "a performance that re- 
ceives such applause as to temporarily 
prevent the show from continuing.” 

A show stopper is cause for rejoicing 
and is definitely not a deal breaker. The 
earliest citation I can find of that term — 
referring to the admittance of an im- 
pediment (hat has blocked the marriage 
of many true corporate minds — is by 
Gary M. Hector in The American 
Banker of Nov. 18. 1980: "The Ca- 
nadians collected money that encour- 
aged the Europeans and Americans to 
label their dispute with the Canadians a 
‘deal breaker.’ " 

I've ran the usual traps of lexico- 
graphers, merger- and -acquisition bank- 
ers and labor mediators and can’r come 
up with an earlier deal breaker. Hasn 't it 
been around longer, coined on the ana- 
logy of deal maker ? Lexicographic Ir- 
regulars are invited to send earlier cita- 
tions — hard evidence, not dreamy 
recollections — to Deal Breakers, c/o 
S afire. The New York Times Wash- 
ington Bureau, Washington, D.C. 

Both show stopper and deal breaker 
are now often hyphenated, but within a 
few years should be treated as single 

.Vw York Times Service 

Reading Suharto’s Mind Via Financier 

As Family Fortune Is Secured, Gossip Sprouts About President’s Plans 

billion this year — most of it fueled by 
rock — it would be invaluable. Un- 
fortunately. the book is threaded through 
with a not altogether convincing thesis. 

As Goodman sees it. rock once em- 
braced "a search for authenticity and an 
explicit rejection of consumerism and 
mainstream values.” This countercul- 
tural ethic resonated with listeners, so 
much so that the music attracted vis- 
ionary and unscrupulous entrepreneurs 
determined to exploit its commercial 

Springsteen’s career, as directed by 
Landau, provides some of the best ev- 
idence to support Goodman’s claims. 
Springsteen’s talent was undeniable, but 
his ascent was as much due to a careftjJIy 
thought out and perfectly executed game 
plan as to his musical ability. And 
Springsteen accommodated the star- 
making machinery, even crafting an im- 
age of civic-mindedness by making 
$10,000 donations to local charities on 
his "Bom in the USA" tour. 

Admirable, except that the tour 
grossed $147 million in ticket and sou- 
venir merchandise sales. 

“The Mansion on the Hill” is a good 
book burdened with unnecessary '60s 

David Nicholson, a writer based in 
Washington, wrote this for The Wash- 
ington Post. 

By Seth Mydans 

Sew Yyl Times Service 

JAKARTA. Indonesia — He owns 
forests, paper and plywood mills, air- 
lines and banks, and last month he 
brokered a deal that gave him a major 
share in what may be the world’s largest 
gold deposit 

But the biggest asset of Mohamad 
(Bob) Hasan is worth more than gold. As 
he said recently. “I’ve been friends with 
the president for more than 40 years.” 

The son of an ethnic Chinese whole- 
sale me re ham. Mr. Hasan, 66, has long 
been known as a trusted friend and golf- 
ing partner of President Suharto as well 
as the administrator of the president's 
multibillion-dollar charitable founda- 

But over the last year, since the death 
of Mr. Suharto's wife. Siti Hartinah, his 
role appears to have expanded as pres- 
idential confidant and peacemaker 
among the 75-year-old president's six 
powerful and sometimes feuding chil- 

And in the last few weeks his financial 
profile rose dramatically when he 
stepped in to secure a stake in the hotly 
contested Busang gold mine in East Ka- 
limantan. and a few days later became 
head of the country's biggest carmaker. 

His increasingly prominent business 
dealings have fueled gossip over the 
country’s prime topic ofspeculation, the 
plans of the president, who is widely 

2d UN Food Delivery 
Crosses Into Iraq 

BAGHDAD — The second con- 
signment of food mandated by an oil- 
for-food deal with the United Nations 
has crossed into Iraq, official news- 
papers said Sunday. 

An official of the Commence Min- 
istry. quoted in Baghdad newspapers, 
said 31 trucks carrying beans, veget- 
able oil and chick peas crossed the 
Turkish-Iraqi border Saturday. The 
first delivery was made Thursday. 

The first ship bringing food supplies 
— 1 3.000 tons of Thai nee — is due to 
dock at the southern port of Umm Qasr 
on Monday, according to a UN official 
in Baghdad. 

Under the UN agreement, Iraq can 
export $2 billion dollars' worth of oil 
every six months to buy food and medi- 
cines for its people, who have been 
living under worldwide sanctions for 
more than six years. 

The UN is to start distributing the 
food and medicine in April under strict 
supervision. About 100 observers are 
now in the country. (AFP) 

Massacres in Algeria 

ALGIERS — In another attack on a 
rural Algerian village. Islamic milit- 
ants have slit the throats of seven ci- 
vilians in a town south of the capital, 
Algiers, an independent newspaper re- 
ported Sunday. 

Forty men swept through Ouzra on 
Friday, a village in the Berrouaghia 
region 100 kilometers (60 miles) south 
of Algiers, killing seven women. La 

expected ro seek a seventh five-year 
term next year. 

A question being asked in Indonesia 
is: Through his aggressive business 
moves, is Mr. Hasan helping ro secure 
the Suharto family’s financial future? 
And does this mean the president is 
thinking of stepping aside? 

“If you are trying to read the pres- 
ident’s mind, one way is to waten his 
friend Bob Hasan,” said a foreign busi- 
nessman. “And one way to look at what 
he is doing is that he is finding secure 
parking places for the family wealth.” 

Mr. Hasan has known Mr. Suharto 
since the 1950s, when the future pres- 
ident was a colonel serving in central 
Java. As the godson of a prominent 
general. Mr. Hasan was in a position to 
help further Mr. Suharto's career, and as 
Mr. Suharto ascended to leadership. Mr. 
Hasan's fortunes rose also. 

His financial base is his position as 
chief executive and 10 percent owner of 
Nusamba, the investment vehicle for the 
president's three charitable trusts, with 
assets estimated at $5 billion or more. 

Mr. Suharto owns 80 percent of 
Nusamba. and the president's eldest son, 
Sigit Haijojudanto, owns the remaining 
10 percent. 

Mr. Hasan's move to gain control of 
the automobile company Astra Inter- 
national was seen as a way to end a feud 
between two other Suharto sons over 
who would be in charge of a project to 
manufacture a national car. 

The projects hurried forward, but 
neither seemed headed for success. In- 
dustry analysts say they now expect the 
brothers' projects to be consolidated un- 
der Mr. Hasan’s company. 

The struggle for control over the 
Busang gold mine also involved two 
Suharto children: Sigit and the oldest 
daughter. Siti Hardijanti Rukmana. who 
has substantial business interests. 

Indonesian mining officials struggled 
ineffectually to find a formula tit at 
would include both branches of the fam- 
ily. And the struggle roused complaints 
in the Indonesian press that the country 's 
wealth was being handed away to for- 
eign companies. 

In a complicated deal, Mr. Hasan ap- 
parently helped settle, for now, the com- 
peting claims of the mining companies, 
placated nationalist demands and, to ail 
appearances, calmed the various 
branches of the Suharto family. 

Bre-X Minerals, a Canadian explor- 
ation company — and its partner Mrs. 
Rukmana — got a 45 percent stake in the 
mine. Freeport-McMoRan Copper and 
Gold, a U.S. mining company with close 
government connections, won a 15 per- 
cent stake and will be the operator of the 
mine. The Indonesian government itself 
got 10 percent. 

And the remaining 30 percent went to 
two Indonesian mining companies that 
are controlled by Nusamba, the foun- 
dation owned by Mr. Hasan, Mr. Suharto 
and his son Sigit. 


Tribune, a French language daily, re- 

According to villagers at the vic- 
tims' funerals on Saturday, the leader 
of the group carried a list of names of 
people to be executed. 

The leader said he represented the 
Armed Islamic Group, which has been 
accused by the government of carrying 


Emile WaMdofThc Annealed PRn 

WELCOME — Baby D, smallest 
of four identical twin sisters born 
last week, being tended to in a 
hospital in New Hyde Park, New 
York. She weighed two pounds. 

out massacres across the country. 

Thirty-two people were reportedly 
executed in a similar massacre Wed- 
nesday in a village 50 kilometers 
farther south. 

Reports in the independent French 
language media said Islamic militan ts 
were also responsible for the Wed- 
nesday massacre. There was no im- 
mediate claim of responsibility for that 
attack, which was not reported by the 
pro-government media. (AP) 

Cuba-U.S. Dispute 

HAVANA — Cuba has rejected a 
U.S. protest that it opened a diplomatic 
pouch, while at the same time claiming 
the pouch carried subversive materials 
that violated Cuban laws. 

The United States said Friday that it 
had lodged a formal protest with Cuba 
because officials there interfered with 
several diplomatic pouches destined 
for the U.S. interests section in 
Havana. The State Department spokes- 
man, Nicholas Bums, called the in- 
cident "a blatant violation of inter- 
national diplomatic law.” 

Cuba said Saturday that the dip- 
lomatic pouch arrived open at the in- 
ternational airport on Feb. 1 8 in a plane 
belonging to a foreign company. 

“TTzis company,” the Cuban state- 
ment said, “officially informed the 
U.S interests section of the open dip- 
lomatic pouch." 

The statement said the open pouch 
contained copies of a subversive book- 
let that “evidently was going to be 
distributed by the U.S Interests Section 
as part of its policy of aggression 
against Cuba. ' ’ (Reuters) 


By Alan Truscott 

E DGAR Kaplan, Norman 
Kay, Walter Schafer, Bri- 
an Glubok, Geir Helgemo and 
Bart Brantley captured the 
Open Swiss Team title at the 
American Contract Bridge 
League’s Spring Nationals. 
On the diagramed deal, Ka- 

S i, North, applauded bril- 
t play by his Norwegian 
partner, Helgemo. He had 
little room to maneuver when 
the opponents bid pre-empt- 
ively to game, and his leap to 
six diamonds was a reason- 
able gamble. It might appear 
he was due to fail, losing a 
trick in each black suit 

The opening heart lead was 
ruffed, and the diamond ace 
was cashed to draw the 
trumps. South then led a low 
spade and finessed dummy’s 
seven. East won with the jack, 
marking West with the eight, 
and returned the five. This was 
suspicious, since East could 
clearly have returned a heart 
painlessly. South correctly 
concluded that East was being 
tricky, and played low from 
his hand. He won with the nine 
in dummy, and cashed two 
more spade winners. This per- 
mitted a club discard from the 
(tumm y, and a club ruff 
provided the 12th trick. 

If East had returned a heart 
at the fourth trick, Helgemo 

would still have made his 
slam. He would have ruffed, 
crossed to dummy with a 
trump and led the spade nine, 
pinning the eight If this was 
covered, he would have re- 
turned to dummy and taken 
another spade finesse, again 
maneuvering a club ruff. 

The question arises: How 
could Helgemo place all the 
spade honors on his right? 
The answer is psychological. 
Even the best West player, 
able to win the third trick, 
would have twitched slightly 
before playing low. There had 
been no twitch. 

The same contract failed in 
the replay, and the team gained 
16 imps. 



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West North East South 

29 Pass 49 60 

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Iranians Gear Up for a Strange Experience: The Presidential Race 

By Elaine Sciolino tetoda] qrstem the State Department 

New York rimes Service has called it either. 

— Rather, Iran is at the same time a 

WASHINGTON — It is not what one country of bnital repression, and one 
might expect from Iran. with flashes of surprisingly open debate. 

On May 23, all Iranian citizens over It is a combination designed to keep an 
the age of 15 — both male and female — elite acceptable to the Islamic Republic 
are eligible to vote in the most sig- in power, and the population i n chec k, 
nificant contest for the presidency m “There is space — but only restricted 

Iran's 18-year-old revolution. space — for political competition in 

Officially, none of the candidates has Iran,” said Sbaul Bakhash, a historian, 
been approved and the campaign is still “The competition is limited to candi- 
weeks away. and groups acceptable to the re- 

But the front-runner, using his power gime, and outsiders are not allowed to 
base as speaker of Parliament, is making seriously participate in elections or die 

But at least one other candidate has of d 
emerged as a serious contender. Mo- polii 
hammed Khatami, a cleric who served as matt 
minister of Islamic guidance for a de- and 
cade until he was forced to resign for care 
allowing too much freedom in the press, nece 
publishing and the arts. T1 

Still it isn’tjust anyone who can run of a 
for president. The council of guardians, a with 
body that is dominated by the clerics and natk 
supervises elections, must approve all T1 
candidates. In last year’s parliamentary Iran, 
election, if disqualified about 40 percent arou 
of die 5,000 would-be candidates. gesti 

of the Society of Combatant Clergy, a vors more foreign investment and better j* . . * ^ fagre is even room fat 
political grouping he heads that is aom- relations with the West. It is aligned with wen 0 f Iran’s relationship 

mated by socially conservative clerics Mr. Rafsanjani, bat he has vowed not to some States. / * 

and supported by bazaar merchants who 
care about free foreign trade but not 

care about free foreign trade but not 
necessarily about foreign investment. 

endorse any candidate. 

Mr. Khatami is also 
university students ax 

pular among 

That support brings with it the power Teenagers are important, since about 

of a we II -organized political machine 
with the resources to get out the vote: the 
nationwide network of mosques. 

There are no reliable opinion polls in 

half the papula 
die revolution. 

ion has been bom since 

with the United States. Tr - ve u w. - 

Jnk a iisssssrBfa*-— 

ica” on his listof.pnonnes.Andlbra- 

Even though the campaign c 
officially start for weeks, Mr. 


Iran, but a three-week tour of interviews Noori is crisscrossing the country, m an 

around the country in December sug- 
gested that there is a widely held view 

promises to improve the economy, keep 
away from the United States and enforce 
stricter Islamic law. The leading un- 
derdog, wooing women and teenagers, is 

political process. I call it the politics of 
the ruling elite.” 

The reason there is a presidential elec- 
tion at all is that President Hashemi 

In die fast presidential election, in that Mr. Nateq-Noori would only make 

effort to bolster his strong lead. He 
traveled recently from town to town in 
his native Mazandaian Province, vis- 

f^TSer "bo «* » 

Texas, announced a week ago 
f avors “normal relations wj* Amer- 
£rLd dm creation of “a democrat*. 

Cash to 

eration Movement of Iran, has 

been allowed to run in 
tion. It is just not considered Islamic 
enough by Iran’s tbeocrats. . 

“Ina true democracy, the P e0 P}?iP'* . 

more personal freedom, more Rafsanjani has already served themax- 

jobs and no more male supremacy. And 
eight other would-be candidates are 
struggling to be heard. 

This is presidential politics, Irani an- 
style: tough, nasty, confusing and frill of 
alliance-building, horse-trading and 
mud-slinging. Is it democracy? Not by 
Western standards. But it is not the dic- 

inium two four-year terms allowed un- 
der the Iranian Constitution. 

For months now. die leading can- 
didate has been All Akbar Nateq-Noori, 
speaker of Parliament and a midlevel 
clergyman with unimpressive religious 
credentials. Just a few months ago, he 
seemed a shoo-in. 

1993. more than 100 candidates tried to 
run; only three did. And although Iran’s 
spiritual leader. Ayatollah Sayed Ali 
Kham enei, has declared himself neutral 
in tins one, no candidate who did not 
meet with his approval could run. 

Still, as die balloting draws near, what 
looks like a campaign of genuine Issues 
and candidates is playing out. 

Officially, political parties are banned 
in Iran, but clearly identifiable factions 
with clearly identifiable views are not. - 
Mr. Nateq-Noori has the endorsement 

Iran’s economic problems worse and 
that he by no means enjoys the popular 
support dial Mr. Rafsanjani does. 

Enter Mr. Khatami. He has die back- 
ing of two strong groups on opposite 
ends of the poUticafspectruni: the left- 
leaning Coalition of the Imam’s Line, 
which supports state control of the econ- 
omy and more equal distribution of 
wealth; and, if some newspapers are to 
be believed, all but one member of the 

trailed all the way by crews from the 
state television, which extensively aired 
his pronouncements every night. 

In their speeches, the candidates say 
little about the cultural onslaught of die 

. Private- ta f 

r l W BMm i 

'-4 7 

i supports state control of the econ- West or confronting world arrogance, 
and more equal distribution of and much, much more about corruption. 
i; and, if some newspapers are to inflation, inequality and jobs. 

legitimacy to their government. 

Steohen Fairbanks, a visiting schofar at _ 

Stephen Fairbanks, a visnmg »*«««• «- 
the Woodrow Wilson International Cen* 

Servants of Construction, which op- 
poses state control of die economy, ra- 

Some subjects are too hot for debate 
— the Arab- Israeli peace process or the 
death warr ant on the author Salman 

UK TfUWUiV” - ’ . . . _ . j , A 

ter for Scholars who is writing a study of 
Iran’s political system. “But Iran s sys*; - 
tem claims its legitimacy comes iron* 

NATO: Russian Vindicates Clinton’s Trust 

Continued from Page 1 

time in the last two years — speaking 
clearly and wittily, without slurring his 

But the s ummi t meeting also showed 
the fragility of the Russian state, where 
the w hims and wisdom cf one man. even 
if elected democratically, can still dic- 
tate the policy of the nation. Mr. Yeltsin 
understands that in some fundamental 
way, Russia is still on probation. 

Five or six years of haphazard demo- 
cracy and a wayward path toward a 
market economy are not enough to make 
Central and Eastern Europeans confid- 
ent that Russia has turned its back on its 
imperial, totalitarian history. That is rea- 
son enough for them to want to join the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization — 
in case Russia reverts. 

And Mr. Yeltsin, who as president of 
Soviet Russia supported the indepen- 
dence of the Baltic nations in his battle 
against Mr. Gorbachev, knows it very 
well. Never a “greater Russia” chau- 
vinist like his first vice president, Al- 
exander Rutskoi, Mr. Yeltsin has shown 
moderation on nationalist issues, like 
the fate of ethnic Russians living in 
Ukrainian Crimea, that could have led to 
serious confrontation. 

It was only in Chechnya, within the 
Russian Federation itself, that Mr. 
Yeltsin agreed to use force to end a 
secession attempt 

But die outcome — the humiliation of 
the Russian Army, the international em- 
barrassment and condemnation, the re- 
vulsion of some of his closest political 
allies — became a warning not only to 
the countries of die former Soviet Union 
and Eastern Europe, but, it seems, to Mr. 
Yeltsin himself, who was betrayed by 
the blustering confidence ofhis military 

Faced with an expanding NATO — 

the Cold War enemy against which the 
Warsaw Pact was founded, and which 

Warsaw Pact was founded, and which 
now seeks to absorb some of Moscow’s 
former allies in Europe — Mr. Yeltsin 
made a difficult choice. 

Instead of bluster and opposition, 
which would have been more popular at 
home, Mr. Yeltsin chose to look past 
what he could not stop, to secure Rus- 
sia’s cooperation with the West and 
avoid a new isolation. 

His choice seemed to vindicate Mr. 

Clinton’s faith in him — and served as a 
rebuff to those in the United States who 
argued that NATO expansion was a fun- 
damental mis take that would only em- 
bitter Russia, doom its slow transition to 
democracy and a market economy, and 
create an enemy for the future. 

Such warnings may prove right in the 
long run. But Mr. Yeltsin decided to 
bargain as best he could to win con- 
cessions from NATO in return for a first 
round of expansion he knew Russia was 
too weak to stop. 

He received some softening of the 
military aspect of NATO expansion, 
some confidence that U.S. technology 
will not drive Russia into a new arms 
race, some further commitment that the 
United States will push to invest in 
Russia and some strong er promises that 
the United States will welcome Moscow 
as an important member of international 
institutions like the World Trade Or- 
ganization. die Organization for Eco- 
nomic Cooperation and Development 
and the group of main jn ^wtnuliTBfl 

Mr. Yeltsin also got a chance to cut 
strategic arms, save money and preserve 
Moscow's cherished nuclear parity with 
die United States. In an agreement on 
firm guidelines for a third strategic arms 
reduction treaty, or START-3, both 
presidents said nuclear warheads for 
each side would be cut to 2,000 from 
2.500 by the end of 2007 — a third fewer 
than START-2 limits and two-thirds 
fewer than under START-1. 

The point is to give die Russian Par- 
liament the confidence to ratify 
START-2 first, in the knowledge that 
START-3 limits will mean Russia will 
not have to build a new generation of 
missiles to keep up with Washington. 

“I would say that emotions some- 
times get the upper hand in assessing the 
Russian-U.S. partnership,” Mr. Yeltsin 
said Friday. “That's not the approach 
that Bill and I have.” 

The two presidents have now met 12 
times, and they feel a clear sense of 
loyalty to each other. 

For all his foibles and maneuverings. it 
is Mr. Yeltsin who has kept Russia most 
closely to the path of economic and demo- 
cratic reform. 

Mr. Clinton has to hope that Mr. 
Yeltsin maintains not only his health but 
his capacity to keep his seat. 

SUMMIT: Yeltsin Had Few Good Cards 

Continued from Page 1 

settled for a much less formal and non- 
binding political agreement to be signed 
by the 16 presidents of NATO's current 
member states. 

“Given die good will of these states, 
simply the signature of the leaders of 
these countries will be quite enough,” 
Mr. Yeltsin said simply. 

That backpedaling, and die general 
Russian retreat on NATO, is likely to 
generate storms of criticism among Mr. 
Yeltsin's hard-line Communist and na- 
tionalist opponents in the Russian Par- 
liament. The Communist Party leader 
Gennadi Zyuganov called the summit 
meeting a “crushing defeat." 

Indeed, the criticism may be even 
broader. Opposition to NATO’s expan- 
sion is one of the few issues on which 
virtually everyone in the Russian polit- 
ical elite agrees. 

The implications of die opposition go 
beyond Russian domestic politics and 
may affect arms -control accords that 
both presidents greeted as a diplomatic 

For instance, an agreement to reduce 

drastically the number of deployed nu- 
clear warheads by 2007 could easily be 

clear warheads by 2007 could easily be 
torpedoed by a Russian Parliament furi- 
ous over NATO's expansion plans. 

Mr. Yeltsin cocltily dismissed that 
possibility, preferring to join Mr. Din- 
ton in a by-now familiar duet of sum- 
mitry that is one of the few remaining 
trappings of Moscow's erstwhile claim 
to superpower status. 

Both presidents hailed a bilateral eco- 
nomic agreement, but in that, too, there 

were disappointments for die Russians. 
Despite its economic anemia, Moscow 
had hoped to be admitted to the club of 
the world’s seven leading industrialized 
democracies, the Group of Seven. In- 
stead, it had to settle for the purgatory of 
what Mr. Clinton said would be an ex- 
panded Russian role — but not full 

The Russians did win a pledge from 
Mr. Clinton to help finance new Amer- 
ican investment in Russia. In fact, the 
balky pace of U.S. business activity in 
Russia is not the fault of inadequate 
support from Washington but rather of 
Russia’s own poor investment climate. 

Moreover, in comparing Russia to 
Larin America, Mr. Clinton may have 
undermined his own impassioned dec- 
laration thatit would be “irresponsible” 
not to promote investment in Russia. 

The comparison may have stung 
many Russians, who tend to regard Lat- 
in America as a region of economic 
hard-luck cases firmly within the U.S. 
sphere of influence. 

Although the expansion of NATO 
and other outcomes of the summit meet- 
ing are likely to bring Mr. Yeltsin some 
grief at home, he appears well posi- 
tioned to withstand the criticism, for the 
time being at least. 

His health has rebounded dramatical- 
ly in the past month. He has just named 
a new government more committed to 
economic reform than any since 1992, 
and it may bear the brant of much of the 
opposition in the coming months. 

And the Russian Parliament, no matter 
how vehement its opposition, is not 
nearly as powerful as the U.S. Congress. 

ISRAEL: Demand to End Terror Attacks 

Continued from Page I 

last Monday in a meeting with King 
Hussein of Jordan. But Mr. Arafat’s 
lieutenants dismissed it as a “media 

Along with the government state- 
ment, Mr. Netanyahu and senior army 
officers issued a new salvo of charges 
that after meeting with Mr. Arafat on 
March 9, leaders of Hamas and other 
militant Islamic organizations emerged 
believing they bad received a “green 

light” to resume terror attacks. 

When Mr. Netanyahu first aired the 
charges Iasi week, before the blast, the 
U.S. State Department said it had no 
such information. On Sunday, however. 
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright 
agreed that the militant groups appar- 
ently believed they had a go-ahead. 

“There is clearly a perception of the 

green light, but no concrete evidence,” 
she said, adding that “there needs to be 
some improvement” in Mr. Arafat’s 
efforts to stop violence. 

m ALBANIA: EU to Send Police] 

.n 'vSlrpri 

‘ j 

• _ jrrrv iwjrt 

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.. - . JrtT \ 

«’■ rSTCCl 

Continued from Page 1 

Netherlands in such a police 
action. He said Friday that 
be had reason to believe the 
plan would be approved. 
The minister is acting as EU 
spokesman because the 
Netherlands currently holds 
the six-month rotating pres- 
idency of the Union. 

If approved, the police ac- 
tion would replace an earlier 
proposal to send European 
peacekeeping troops, which 
was rejected at a meeting in 
die Netherlands last week. 
Several countries, including 
France, a pparen tly favored 
sending troops to Albania to 
restore order and stem the 
flood of refugees. But Bri- 
tain and Germany were 

adamantly opposed. 
Part of tiie Europe 

(nud. Hib-1' S y a r frjn. ■ t s — 

TIRANA DEMONSTRATION — Some of the 3,000 people who called for peace Sunday. 

Part of tiie European plan 
to be discussed Monday in- 
volves a special 

European coordinator who 
will be based in Tirana, the 
Albanian capital, to oversee 
the various aid and police 
actions and to avoid duplic- 
ation of tasks. Some Euro- 

pean groups intend to send 

observers to elections sched- 
uled for June while the 
Council of Europe is to ad- 
vise Albania in cha nging -, 
and updating its legislation. _ 
Mr. van Mierlo, in abrief- 
ing in the Dutch Parliament, 
declined to say who he was 
proposing as chief coordin- 
ator. But he said he preferred ^ 
someone from a country that • 
is rather removed from the 
Albanian conflict. 

The minis ter • sauh. 
however, that the military 
police force might well be 
placed under the command - 
of Italy, a country with a‘. : 
larger aid and business pres- 
ence in Albania than most, r 
The problems posed were 
underlined tins week by a: 
European fact-finding com- 
mission that visited Albania. : 

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The Dutch diplomat who led 
the mission. Jan de Marchant 
et d’Ansembourg, said than 
food and medicine were run-, 
ning out in some areas, but 
that restocking would be dif- 
ficult as long as parts of die . 
country remained unsafe. 

EUROPE : EU Reaches a Turning Point as It Celebrates 40 Years 

Continued from Page I 

Europe’s economic rigidities because 
welfare systems and labor rules remain 

he said. “This is not whar the founding 
fathers had in mind.” 

Hints of a potential rupture are 

welfare systems and labor rules remain 
in the hands of national governments, he 

It is emblematic of the struggle to 
redefine Europe's role that Wim Kok. 
the Dutch prime minister and EU pres- 
ident who is leading the negotiations on 
EU reform, shuns Mr. Kohl's argument 
that European integration is a question 
of peace or war. 

“We should not just look back ar 
World War n,” Mr. Kok said. “For 
young people, that is not a very realistic 
thing anymore. We are not talking about 
war between France and Germany. We 
are talking about giving hope to Eastern 

This wider Europe will inevitably be 
less federal than me architects of the 
Maastricht Treaty on European Union 
envisaged at the start of this decade, Mr. 
Kok said, and die Union will have to be 
more selective about launching new 
common policies. But, he added In my 
view, there is no alternative to the further 
development of integration." The ten- 
sions and doubts prevalent today reflect 
the far-reaching nature of the imminent 
decisions on a single currency and con- 
stitutional reforms, which will sbape 
Europe into die 21st century. 

Monetary union, warns Malcolm Ri- 
fltind, tiie British foreign secretary, will 
be a radical and divisive departure from 
40 years of common policies. “Europe 
will be divided between those countries 
that are part of economic and monetary 
union, and those countries that are not,' ' 

already apparent in the strained relations 
between Germany and southern EU 

between Germany and southern EU 
members. While many Germans fear the 
inclusion of the lira and the peseta will 
produce a weak euro. leaders of Italy, 
Spain and Portugal have stepped up their 
campaign to join monetary union at the 

This southern campaign, moreover, 
underscores the potential for competing 
regional alliances as Europe expands. 

“There is a tendency for the Medi- 
terranean countries to consult among 
themselves and try to establish a com" 
raon position on many subjects,” Mr. 
Dini said. “We don’t like to see the 
balance of the Union shift northeast.” 

EU reform could be equally divisive. 
On Tuesday, when EU foreign ministers 
meet in Rome to celebrate the an- 
niversary of the treaty’s signing, France 
and Germany will present a proposal for 
incorporating tiie Western European 
Union, the fledgling defense group, into 
tiie European Union. But a merger is 
opposed by the EU's four neutral coun- 
tries — Ireland, Sweden, Finland and 
Austria — as well as by Britain, which 
fears the plan will undermine U.S. sup- 
port for European defense through the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization. 

A separate French-German reform 
proposal to allow groups of countries to 
develop common policies without unan- 
imous backing or participation poses a 
fundamental threat to Europe's cobes- 
iveness, warns Jacques Delors, the 
former president of the European Com- 
mission. the EU executive agency. 

Rather than forging a coherent avant- 
garde of countries capable of leading the 
entire bloc to deeper migration, the so- 
called flexibility proposal is more likely 
to spawn a haphazard series of shifting 
coalitions as some countries cooperate 
on defense and others on such areas as 
fighting international crime. Mr. Delors 

“That's going to complicate the 
design of Europe and make it absolutely 
incomprehensible.” Mr. Delors said. 

While the challenges are immense, 
few continental politicians question the 
rationale of integration at a time when 
economic globalization has reduced the 
capacity of national governments to act 
on their own. “The model is more valid 
than ever, but it's also more difficult 
than ever,” said Jose Maria Gil-Robles 
Gil-Delgado. the president of the Euro- 
pean Parliament. 

Karl Lamers, parliamentary foreign 
policy spokesman for Mr. Kohl's Chris- 
tian Democratic Union, acknowledged 
the "regressive nationalism” caused by 
economic difficulties. “The consensus 
model is at stake,” he said. But he said 
the budget-cutting reforms being made 
for monetary union would strengthen 
Europe’s capacity to grow and create 

The long view also inspires optimism, 
Mr. Dini said. He noted mat Europe had 
progressed a long way from foe customs 
union established by the Treaty of Rome 
40 years ago. “No one thought ii would 
work because of productivity differ- 
ences” between countries, Mr. Dini 
said. “See where we are today with the 
single market This is extraordinary. 
This is historical." 


Chinese Suspicions 

' Continued from Page L 

The return of Hong Kong, agreed, 
upon by Deng Xiaoping in 1982 in air. 

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accord with foe British, is supposed to- 
serve as a tribute to the late leader, who . 
had said he wanted to live long enough to 
see foe Chinese flag raised over the.: 
territory. And for his successor, Jiang 
Zemin, president and Communist Rntyi 
chief, foe July 1 ceremonies are sop- " 
posed to stir patriotic fervor and give Mr.-. 
Jiang a boost in the eyes of foe public. - ft 
Tiananmen Square will be filled that .' ■ 
day with people watching the final 
seconds tick by. For many foe excite-' 
meat is building already. 

“As a soldier, I feel that this is a big-: 
event,” said a recruit from Anhui, wbo. 
is based in Kunming and was visiting'' 
Beijing for foe first time. He took a 
picture of the clock and breathed in. 
deeply. “I feel a sense of historic re-: : 
sponsibility — and a sense of pressures 
You know what I mean?" he asked > 
But foe feelings of many in the north . 
range from curiosity to aversion. Their- 
feelings, they say, are based on expe-' 

“In feet, they themselves have no na--' 
tionality , and yet Hong Kong people look, 
down on mainlanders,” said Yan Wei, an 
accountant who has worked for two_\ . 
Hong Kong joint venture companies. “It? t 
should be us who look down on them.” 

Miss Yan worked for a company ” 
whose directors constantly fought about 
money and that eventually collapsed.. 

. When it stopped paying salaries tober- 
and foe staff, she sold off foe office 
supplies and furniture to pay employees. 

“Hong Kong business people are 
slick and sly,” she said. “They never ! 
tell foe truth. It's almost their second- 
nature to lie and cheat other people." . : 

Although Miss Yan has had direct- 
contai ^rifo Hong Kong business people, 
most Chinese know about the territory'' 
only from television, books and movies. 

Hong Kong is crowded busy, en- 
ergetic, said Wang Jingming. “But foe' 

people are selfish. But we love their : 
movies and songs. They know how to . 
make. people feel j^ood” j 

Beijing Television 2 has been can-" 
vassing people about where they wookT A 

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quartos have said Hong Kong. Virtually ■ 

nonehas said anyplace else in Chin* : 

1 80 £ 0od about Bong Kong? : 

The shopping. Hong KoU his 
everything,” said Miss Yan, L “f 
a *S.° p P er ’ s paradise ” 
few Chinese will be able to 1 

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Kong -— or from savoring ■' 
Hong Kong s relative freedom. ^ " 
Average citizens will not eer anv ■ 

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JAIL: For Mexican Gangsters, Maximum Security Is the Lap of Luxury 

Continued from Page 1 

er rackets involving prison 
officials and inmates at one of 
Reclusorio Norte’s sister 
prisons in foe capital city. 

“The system itself is cor- 
rupt, from the high, high up to 
foe very bottom," said foe 
official, who spoke on con- 
dition of anonymity for fear 
that be could lose his job in 
the city’s judicial system. 
“It’s more than corruption. 
It’s a way of life." 

Like this official, most of 
those interviewed — inmates 
and former prison adminis- 
trators alike — agreed to talk 
only if their names were not 

Inmates said they feared 
for their lives. The former 
prison officials, who continue 
to work in the criminal justice 
system, said they risked los- 
ing their jobs if they spoke 

But lengthy interviews 
with seven prisoners inside 
Reclusorio None during vis- 
its over a two-week period, as 
well as with a former inmate 
and former senior prison of- 
ficials outside the prison, pro- 
duced nearly identical ac- 

counts of corruption and life 

Reporters did not visit foe 
maximum security section 
because of the potential 
danger to inmates willing to 
allow them access. But the 
details provided by those in- 
terviewed vividly illustrate 
foe operations in foe exclus- 
ive compound. 

The sprawling prison com- 
plex was depicted in the in- 
terviews as a microcosm of 
Mexico's justice system, 
where officials at every level 
— from street cops to police 
chiefs, from prosecutors to 
judges to state and federal 
anti -drug enforcers — are on 
the take. 

Reclusorio None is typical 
of prisons across Mexico — a 
reflection of the social and 
criminal ills that afflict the 
nation, where the same drug 
mafias and crime gangs that 
rule cities and run illegal 
businesses on the outside 
move their activities inside 
foe prisons. As on foe outside, 
it is the poor and uneducated 
majority who suffer most un- 
der the corrupt system, forced 
to pay bribes for family visits, 
beds and safe passage within 
the prison. 

Prison officials declined to 
comment on foe allegations 
of corruption. The director of 
Reclosorio Norte, Saul 
Moctezuma Herrera, referred 
all inquiries to Jose Raul Gu- 
tierrez Senano, Mexico 
City’s chief corrections of- 
ficer. He, too. refused several 
interview requests. 

City lawmakers threatened 
to fire Mr. Gutierrez last year 
in connection with allega- 
tions of drug trafficking at the 
prison, special privileges 
granted to prisoners who pay 
large bribes and human rights 
abuses. When he appeared 
before foe justice committee 
of the city’s Legislative As- 
sembly, which was investi- 
gating him, Mr. Gutierrez 
said: “There is no corruption 
in any of the prisons. Nor 
have I witnessed any ex- 
amples of privileges given to 

The Human Rights Com- 
mission in Mexico City, 
however, has published nu- 
merous reports, the most re- 
cent on March 7, criticizing 
corruption, extortion, special 
privileges doled out to high- 
profile prisoners and numer- 
ous other problems at Reclu- 
sorio Norte and other prisons 

in foe capital. Designed as a 
facility to hold up to 1.440 
local prisoners awaiting trial, 
Reclusorio Norte houses as 
many as 4,000 federal and 
local inmates who are sen- 
tenced or waiting to be tried. 

While a select few of its 
high-profile prisoners are liv- 
ing in relative luxury, foe ma- 
jority — like tens of thou- 
sands of prisoners across 
Mexico — are poor men and 
women who frequently are 
victimized by inmate gangs 
and corrupt guards. 

Several of foe inmates in* 
terviewed have visited the 
maximum security com- 
pound numerous times, often 
to take advantage of activities 
conducted by its powerful 

Far more insidious than 
their comfortable living con- 
ditions are foe illegal busi- 
nesses the maximum security 
inmates run from their prison 
apartments and foe power 
they exert over prison oper- 

The residents of maximum 
security control activities 
from prostitution rings to 
drug and alcohol conces- 
sions, according to inmates 
and former prison officials. 

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IHT Technology Index 

Ail of the past month s technology articles 
firm the IHT. now available on our she on 
the World Wide Web. 



MONDAY, MARCH 24, 1997 

International Funds Listing 

Track the performance of over 1.800 
international funds, every day, on the IHT 
site on the World Wide Web. 

'■» http://www.iht.eom 

PAGE 11 

Market Feeds 
Cash to Poor 

Private- Capital Flows 

Up $60 Billion in 1996 

By Erik Ipsen 

Iraemational Herald T ribune 

• LONDON — Private-capital flows to 
developing countries jumped by $60 bil- 
lion last year, amid signs of an increas- 
ing shift in popularity away from bank 
loans to stocks and bonds, according to a 
World Bank report released Sunday. 

That enthusiasm offset the fact that 
government assistance for those econ- 
omies has declined, the report noted, 

- Flows of private capital now rep- 
resent more than 80 percent of funds 
going to the developing world, the 
World Bank said. 

- This trend, one aspect of economic 
globalization, has been extremely rapid, 
the bank said. Over a six-year period, 
the total flow of funds to developing 
countries has multiplied by almost 
three, and private flows by six. 

! ‘.‘Investors *** trying to diversify 
their portfolio and to maximize their 
profits on dynamic emergent markets,” 
the report said. 

The developing countries, for their 
part, are making efforts to improve eco- 
nomic management, strengthen finan- 
cial institutions, reform investment 
rules, and take a more receptive attitude 
toward private financing of their in- 
frastructures, the World Bank said. 

The result is that placements of shares 
and bonds have chalked up spectacular 
progress, from $28 billion in 1995 to 
$46 billion last year. The majority of the 
borrowers are from the private sector. 

Meanwhile, foreign direct investment 
rose $14 billion, to $109.5 billion last 
year — more than four times the amount 
at the beginning of the decade. 

Those figures compare with net com- 
mercial bank lending to emerging mar- 
kets last year that totaled $34.2 billion, 

S ircenL ‘ ‘Private capital flows are 
from debt more to equities,” 
said Ronald Johannes, the principal au- 
thor of die report While the amount of 
private money pouring into developing 
countries continued to rise, funds from 
official sources, such as governments 
and multilateral institutions, dropped by 
$12 billion, to $40.8 billion. 

According to the study, one of the 
drawbacks to die increasing xeharfce on 
the free market to allocate capital has 
been that less money has reached die 
neediest nations. Just a dozen countries 
got three-quarters of all external private 
capital flows last year, the study noted 
China was die most popular destin- 
ation for private capital for the second 
year in a row, with a net inflow of $52 
billion. Mexico, die next most popular • 
country, received $28 billion. Russia re- 
mained relatively out of favor, garnering 
: $3.6 billion in private money last year, 
$1 billion short of the net for Chile. 

Excluding India and China, the group 
of low-income nations received just 3 
percent of die flow of private funds. The 
amount of private capital going into 
sub-Saharan Africa rose, but remained 
very low at $1 1 billion. 

Another problem with the increasing 
reliance cm the private sector is that a 
large proportion of the money that it has 
brought to emerging markets may not 
say long. 

Portfolio flows, which are volatile, 
accounted for 38 percent of all private 
flows last year, helping boost the total 
value of developing country stock mar- 
kets to $1.5 trillion, 10 percent of the 
global total. 

The danger, warned Mr. Ahmed, is 
. that “individual countries will see some 
V reversals as well.” 

\ndinr Mnfiehmi/TV ImnNrd 

RALLY FOR JOBS — Sergio Cofferati, an Italian union leader, speaking to workers in Rome over the weekend 
during a march by tens of thousands of people to prod the government into action to boost employment in Italy. 

Waigel Seeks Cuts 
In Social Spending 

Move Aims to Meet Euro Goals 

Suez and Lyonnaise Set for a Merger? 

CVwgiM brLturStafFrm Oupatfha 

PARIS — Compagnie de Suez SA. a 
French holding company, and Lyonnaise 
des Eaux SA, a utility, will present plans to 
merge at a meeting of the Suez management 
on April 1, according to published reports. 

Suez's chairman, Gerard Mestrallet. and 
Lyonnaise’s chairman, Jerome Monod, 
held talks over the weekend aimed at draft- 
ing the terms of the alliance, the daily Le 
Monde reported Saturday. 

Le Monde said Jean-Louis Beffa, chair- 
man of glassmaker Compagnie de Saint- 
Gobain SA, was also involved in the talks. 
Saint-Gobain holds 6 percent of Suez's 
capital and 10 percent of the voting rights. 

Suez confirmed that Mr. Mestrallet was 
in a meeting at the company’s Paris 

headquarters. A company spokeswoman, 
Michele Meyzie, would not “comment at 
all" on reports of a merger. 

Such a merger would create one of 
France's 10 biggest companies with a mar- 
ket capitalization of 80 billion francs ($14 
billion) and would benefit both Suez and 
Lyonnaise, analysts said. 

The financial weekly Investor reported 
Friday that Compagnie Generate des Eaux 
SA was considering a hostile bid for Suez 
to block a merger between Suez and its 
rival Lyonnaise. But a source close to the 
group said Friday that Generate des Eaux 
would not seek to acquire Suez. 

Suez wants to focus its portfolio on 
utilities and industrial companies after 
selling its banking unit last year. Lyonnaise 

needs cash, which Suez is in a position to 
supply, to compete with its bigger rival 
Generate des Eaux, analysts said. 

Speculation of a merger pushed Suez 
shares up 4.9 percent Friday, to 280.4 
francs. Lyonnaise shares lost 1 franc, to 
close at 561 francs. 

Suez already owns 18 percent of Ly- 
onnaise. The purchase of the shares it does 
not already own would cost about 27.3 
billion francs, based on Friday's share 
mice. Just under half that sum could be 
financed from the proceeds of die sale of 
Banque Indosuez, a French bank, last year 
to Credit Agricole for 1 1.9 billion francs. 

Suez, which was founded in the last 

See SUEZ, Page 15 

Pork Crisis to Undercut Taiwan’s Growth 


TAIPEI — Taiwan’s pork crisis 
deepened Sunday as hog breeders 
threatened protests and the Economics 
Ministry predicted that losses from an out- 
break.jof -foot-and-mouth disease among 
pigs would reach about $10 billion and 
slow growth in gross domestic product by 
0.10 to 1.40 percentage points this year. 

Japan and Korea banned imports of 
Taiwan pork on Friday, a day after Taiwan 
said that it would halt exports of pork after 
the contagious disease was discovered on 
about 20 farms. Taiwan exported $1.6 bil- 
lion of pork last year and is Japan’s largest 

single source of pork products. 

On Sunday, breeders fearful of huge 
income losses threatened to set free hun- 
dreds of diseased pigs in Taipei to protest 
what they viewed as the government’s fail- 
ure to control the disease. 

“If the government falls to give us rea- 
sonable subsidies and offer us financial and 
technical aid to slaughter the diseased pigs, 
we will not rule out setting free hundreds of 
pigs in Taipei,” an official with the Hog 
Breeding Association said. 

He said that a meeting of breeders on 
Friday had decided that the government 
needs to provide 3,000 Taiwan dollars 

($108.97) per kilogram in compensation 
for each pig slaughtered. The govern- 
ment’s Council of Agriculture has agreed 
to provide 2,400 dollars per kilogram. 

Breeders estimated the number of in- 
fected hogs at more than 150,000, out of a 
total hog population of 14 million. The 
disease is usually fatal in livestock but is 
rarely contracted by humans, although they 
can be carriers of it 

Local newspapers reported that some 
veterinarians had warned agriculture and 
health authorities of a possible outbreak of 
the disease a year ago but the government 
failed to act. ( Bloomberg , Reuters J 

By John Schmid 

International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Finance Min- 
ister Theo Waigel called for specific 
cuts in social-aid spending during 
the weekend, stepping up what has 
become a new government strategy 
to quell the growing fears that un- 
controlled German deficits will 
postpone the launch of a single 
European currency. 

A German union leader swiftly 
rejected any further austerity mea- 
sures for the sake of currency union, 
reflecting bow unpopular the notion 
of further entitlement reductions 
have become after the Bonn gov- 
ernment’s austerity drive last year. 

Roland Issen, chairman of the 
DAG service-sector trade union, on 
Sunday charged that additional sac- 
rifices in social spending would 
heap more problems on the strug- 
gling labor market, which registers 
the highest unemployment ever. 

Germany stands “a good 
chance” of bringing its deficit be- 
low the 3 percent of gross domestic 
product required for the 1999 in- 
auguration of the euro. Mr. Waigel 
said in an interview in the latest 
edition of the weekly magazine Der 
Spiegel. Higher taxes were possible 
as a last resort to tame the deficit, he 

Mr. Waigel 's calls for new budget 
cuts echo the views of Wolfgang 
Schaeuble, a top adviser to Chan- 
cellor Helmut Kohl and parliamen- 
tary leader of Germany’s governing 
Christian Democrats, who warned 
last week that Germany 4 ‘could well 
need more restrictive policies this 

Mr. Schaeuble dismissed reports 
that record unemployment would 
expand the deficit through higher- 
than-budgeted jobless benefit pay- 
ments and uncollected income 
taxes. He promised that the Bonn 
government stood ready with 
budget-cutting formulas “under 
every conceivable scenario” to 
slash the deficit to 3 percent of 

Economists say that such reduc- 
tions are the government’s only 
credible route to blunt speculation of 
a delay in the euro’s start, even if, as 
Mr. Schaeuble concedes, they come 
at a time when Germany already is 
in the throes of a “difficult adjust- 
ment in political and social con- 
ditions.” The government sees no 
alternative to its hard-line stance on 
budget cuts. If it strays widely from 
the 3 percent criteria, it will be more 
difficult to keep Italy and other 

southern European economies out 
of the single-currency club. 

In the eyes of the skeptical Ger- 
man public, this would undermine 
the credibility of the euro as well as 
the government’s re-election 
chances next year. 

“Postponement is out of the 
question, 4 ’ Mr. Kohl said in an in- 
terview that appeared Sunday in the 
newspaper Welt am Sonntag, 

Mr. Kohl accused those who fuel 
the delay debate of trying to wreck 

Panel calls the plan for the euro a 
‘recipe for turbulence.’ Page 15. 

the entire vision of yoking Europe 
together under the euro. 4 ’Many self- 
appointed experts only want a post- 
ponement so that the project is com- 
pletely put on ice,” Mr. Kohl said. 

“Others get cold feet when things 
get tough,” the chancellor said in a 
rebuke to the growing number of 
politicians and economists who ar- 
gue that Germany may flunk the 
deficit criteria. 

Mr. Kohl issued his own warning 
of impending government budget 
action. ' ‘The question is not whether 
we are going to have European mon- 
etary union, but rather what can we 
do and what must we do to ensure it 
starts on time," he said. 

Mr. Waigel’s weekend declara- 
tion was significant because he out- 
lined for the first time where the 
government's budget ax will fall 
next: on a program of social aid 
called Sozialhilfe , government sup- 
port meant to be paid to guarantee 
government-prescribed living stan- 
dards when other state-paid benefits 
are insufficient 

Spending on the program, mostly 
shouldered by local municipalities, 
has more than doubled in the past 
decade, partly because of the waves 
of political asylum seekers in Ger- 
many. Past attempts to curtail 
spending for the program, which 
reportedly has been prone to abuses, 
have met with little success. 

Any new round of unpopular cuts 
will coincide with sinking poll rat- 

ings for Mr. Kohl. According to the 
Poli [barometer survey by the Elec- 
toral Research Group, Mr. Kohl’s 
popularity rating fell to its lowestfor 
more than two years. 

It also showed that Germans were 
gloomier about their economy than 
they have been at any time in two 
decades and that two-thirds of Ger- 
mans opposed the idea of a single 
currency but most believed it would 
be introduced, though with a delay. 

Hebrides Telecommuters Fight Isolation With High Technology 

By Andrew Bibby 

Special to dte Herald Tribune 

N ORTH UIST, Scotland — 
Anne Macaulay lives on this 
isolated island 60 miles (96 
kilometers) off the Scottish 
mainland, and spends most of her work- 
ing days reading the Salt Lake Tribune, 
the Denver Post the St Louis Post- 
Dispatch and a host of other U-S. local 

She is one of about 30 people, mainly 
women, living in the Hebrides chain of 
islan ds who regularly read their way 
through bundles of newspapers flown in 
from the States. It does not matter that 

the news originates thousands of miles 
away, since Mrs. Macaulay and the oth- 
er islanders are telecommuters, working 
from home to produce abstracts of se- 
lected articles that are ultimately 


destined to be added to the on-line data- 
base called PROMT, run by California- 
based Information Access Co. 

The Hebrides are a patchwork of 
rocky islands strung into the Atlantic 
where, although everyone speaks Eng- 
lish, the native language is Scots Gaelic, 
which is closely linked to Irish. Sum- 
mertime is flush with tourists. 

But tourism alone is not enough to 
ensure a healthy local economy, and the 
local Western Isles Council has been 
hoping to overcome its geographical 
remoteness by embracing the oppor- 
tunities of technology. 

Mrs. Macaulay and her fellow tele- 
commuters are putting this theory to the 
test She produces about five or six 
abstracts an hour, working in the hours 
when her children are away at school. 
She then sends the work by E-mail to 
Lasair Ltd., a small company on the 
next-door island of Benbecula, which 
coordinates contracts. There, all the tele- 
commuters' work is collected and sent 
on its way electronically to California. 

While at present the newspapers are 
physically air-freighted to Scotland, 
plans are in die works to replace this 
process with electronic transmission. 

Lasair’s work with Information Ac- 
cess Co. is about to be supplemented by 
a contract for editing and indexing for 
the publisher Oxford University Press, 
creating about 30 more jobs. 

These contracts have come to the 
Hebrides, in large measure, through the 
efforts of the Council-funded Western 
Isles Information, Communications and 
Technology Advisory Service and its 
enthusiastic chief, Donnie Morrison. 

See ISLE, Page 15 

Nippon Meat Pursues Executive 

Bloomberg News 
TOKYO — Nippon Meat 
Packers Inc., Japan’s largest 
meat processor, said Sunday 
that an officer at its wholly- 
owned U.S. subsidiary had al- 

legedly embezzled as much 
as $100 million over a seven- 
year period. 

Yasuyoshi Kato, a 39-year 
old accounting officer at Day- 
Lee Foods Inc. of Santa re 


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m mob 2tm sjui wo *a inn *** rsn JfHj ja2S 

ua aus us &i9 ud run «i» rust nwn — 

mmT IflS uuJD U00J0 MS — »W *S3 l.lStfi 1W WJJ 

Sra UMO uw iup i*s m* ij» 

mw ;sTi£ - i s » 2 sr 

S-’S 5X s - -f 

sss sjssaSjSffs- 

SD, S IM m .|,V7 iZ 

“ » *, ~ — -«•' «■ »■ “■■■ -■ **■■■ “ 





i ecu 


Other Dollar Values 

Comer Port aammqr eer% 
AivnLpew 09988 Gnakdrc. 
AwWStaS 1.273? HM*tt*9* 

Austrian ich. n.909 HaofrftHfttt 17M0 
Brazil real 11*15 Inflreirepe® 35** 
QAtfMfBSB 8J2S9 UKta.fnpW 24KL5 
Creditanrao ».17- MAC M377 
OaatttoNB &44K Wrae****- 
Egypt pound 3JMS Kumt**t* 03038 
R ta-reanta 54*35 Mafay.nj*. &4803 

Mom. tamo 

















S. Aft rand 
Stood. kraBB 
Talon* S 
Thai bait 

VtoiT hour. 











ward Rates 

•ey iMoy eUn 

ISlwflwj : 1SW4 . 145“ 2-52? SKT* 
motor U747 1J7IS smslrw 

Ore nor* 1*893 14862 14«* 

30-dor 60-dor 90-dor 

122M 12233 121-74 
1,4554 1-4511 14445 

js, California, allegedly 
took $80 to $100 million be- 
tween 1990 and 1997, the 
company said. 

The incident follows a 
string of financial scandals in- 
volving major Japanese 
companies and raises concerns 
about tbeir internal oversight 
Earlier this month, Nomura 
Securities Co. said its pres- 
ident would resign to take re- 
sponsibility for a scandal link- 
ing the company to gangsters. 

Nippon Meat Packers is 
seeking a court order to seize 
Mr- Kato’ s assets and said it 
intended to sue Mr. Kato for 
damages. “We are doing all 
we can to collect the money,” 
Koichi Nishihara, a spokes- 
man for Nippon Meal Pack- 
ers, said, adding it was likely 
Mr. Kato would be fired. 

Mr. Nishihara said Mr. 
Kato had borrowed money 
from, banks under the com- 
pany’s name and had allegedly 
used the funds to buy real es- 
tate and stocks. Mr. Kato, who 
was an employee of Nil 
Meat Packers, was 
to Day-Lee Roods in 1982 and 
became a director in 1993. 

The meat processor said it 
would not change its earnings 
forecast for current, or pretax, 
profit of 17 billion yen 
($137.5 million) for the year 
through March because its 
cash reserves of I0S.5 billion 
yen will cover the loss. 


Societe d’ln vest isse mem a Capital Variable 
Kansallis House - Place de I'Etoile 
L- 1021 Luxembourg 
R.C No B 20494 


As the Extraordinary General Meeting of February 28. 1997 did not reach the quorum of 
50 % required by law, notice is hereby given that an Extraordinary General Meeting of 
Shareholders of Fidelity Frontier Fund Sicav (“the Company") will be held at the registered 
office of the Company in Luxembourg on April 9, 1997 at 1 1.00 a_m., or on any adjourned 
date, to consider the following agenda: 

1 . To resolve to liquidate Fidelity Frontier Fund. 

2. To appoint Fidelity Investments Luxembourg SA. as the Liquidator and to determine 
the powers to be granted to the Liquidator and the liquidation procedure. 

3. To fix the date of the second Shareholders' Meeting to hear the Report of the Liquidator 
and to appoint Coopers & Lybrand as the Auditors of the Company. 

4. To fix the date of the third Meeting of Shareholders to hear the Report of the Auditor 
and to decide the dose of the Liquidation of the Company, 

No quorum of shares present or represented at the Meeting is required in order to deliberate 
validly on the agenda. A decision in favour of the resolution no. 1 of the agenda must be 
approved by Shareholders holding at least 2/3 of the shares represented at the Meeting. 

Subject to the limitations imposed by the Articles of Incorporation of the Company with 
regard to ownership of shares which constitute in the aggregate more than three percent 
(3%) of the outstanding shares, each share is entitled to one vote. A shareholder may act 
at any Meeting by proxy. 

Dated: November 28, 1996 
By Order of the Board of Directors 





Registered Oflleei 
16, Boulevard Royal 



(modifications taking effect on April 1, 1997) 

Referring to the version dated September 1, 1994, the 
following modifications have been brought about. 

New Version: 


First paragraph 

The issue price of units in a Sub-Fund includes the net asset 
value of a unit in that Sub-Fund calculated in accordance with 
Article 7 of these Regulations, increased by a commission 
which will not exceed 5% of the net asseL value; this 
commission includes all commissions payable lo banks and 
financial establishments taking part in the placement of the 

First paragraph 

Owners of units may apply at any time for redemption of their 
units, which will be affected at the net asset value ruling at that 
time, decreased by a commission which will not exceed 0.50% 
of the net asset value: this commission includes all commissions 
payable to banks and financial establishments taking part in the 
redemption of the units. 

Fifth paragraph 

Confirmation of execution of redemption will br. made by 
dispatching an advice lo the unitholder, indicating the name of 
the Sub-Fund, number and class or units redeemed and the 
relevant net asset value per unit. Payment will be made in U5 
Dollars, Swedish Kronors, Norwegian Kroner* or in the base 
currency of the Sub-Fund within ten bank business days 
following the corresponding Valuation Day. 

Luxembourg, March 12, 1997. 






. ') 

The 1997 International Herald Tribune Survey 

Dear Reader 


A* a reader of the International Herald Tribune, you are of vital 
unport^,* to the newspaper, whether you arc a regular, ocraionel or 
even a fiiMne reader. Only by knowing more about your thoughts on 
the newspapercontent, your lifestyle and your business, can we endeavour 
to produce a better newspaper. 

We would be very grateful if you could take the time to fill in this 
questionnaire, fold it following the instructions on the reverse ride and 
post it (the postage is already paid). 

If you wish to enter our free prize draw, please fill in your name and 
address in the space provided below - the winner will be sent a case of 
Brut Reserve lajttinger champagne. 

Thank you very much for your time. 

Richard McGean 
Publisher and Chief Executive 

Win A Case Of 

Bret Reserve TAmiNGER Champagne 

via the 


. -52S* 






Leisure (Friday) 




News about 
















Rest of Americas 




Middle East 




Other areas 




Please indicate yow responses with an X in the appropriate boxes. 


international herald tribune. 

1 ■► How important to you are the following items in the International 

Herald Tribune? 

Very important Quite Important Not at afl important 



00 } 



2 Generally, do you find there is too much, not enough or just the right 
amount of financial and economic coverage in the pages of the 
International Herald Tribune? 

Too much F 1 Just right E I Not enough l 3 1 m 

3 ■ ► How ofte n do y ou read the Editorials/Opinion pages? 

\ Always II I Often f I Sometimes F I Never F I m 

4 How often do you read the daily human interest boxed feature on 

Always F~ I Often F I Sometimes F I Never F 1 to 

5 How useful do you find the 'ear' on the top right hand comer of the 
front page hi alerting you to the special daily featues (eg. 'Style* on 
Tuesdays, 'Health & Serenes' on Thursdays, etc.)? 

Very useful F I Quite useful F I Notatalusehi P I a»\ 

6 -► How often do you read or look at the BfT7 

5-6 days a week P HI 1-2 days a week P HI m 

3-4 days a week F HI Less than once a week P T1 

7 - ► How ifid you obtain Hus copy of the WT7 

Home subscription P HI Other office subscription F 71 m 
Cofleagua/friend F~ZI Newsstand f Zl 

’ Personal office subscription LZ Airi'me/hotd f Z 

. I only read the IHT when travefing F Z 



l£ -" , - "^nriini i rlYml i i m i/M. 



16 - ► Which, if any, of the following cards do you use? (Please check all that 

AMEX Gold/Platinum □ ««> 

AMEX Green F I 
Visa Gold/Premier P I 
Other Visa F I 
Diners Club E 1 
MasterCard Gold E I 
Other MasterCard F i 
Any other card F I 

Car rental card P 1 

Airline executive 1° I 

club card 

International telephone 
calling cards: 

-AT&T LJ css 

-Sprint F I 

Any other international calling cards F I 

48 -► How long have you be en rea ding the IHT7 

1-2 years EH] 

3-5 years F Zl 
6-9 years P Zl 

17 -► Which of the following items have you bought in the last 12 months, 

whether for yourself, your household or as a gift? (Please check aH 
that apply). 

Cognac I 7 I to 
B lended/malt whisky F Z 
CanadiarVUS/Irish whiskey P Zl 
Gin □ 

Vodka P Z 
Champagne jLZl 
Other alcoholic beverages F Zl - 
Cigarettes or other tobacco 1L_ Zl 
Perfumes f"Z 
Watches F~ Z «54> 
Jewelry F Z 
Designer clothing F Z 
Leather handbags^vafletsf'shoes F J 

18 - ► How important to you is the brand name when purchasing perfume, 

alcohol or clothing? 

10-14 years F Z «n 
15-20 years F Zl 
More then 20 years F D 

9 -► Who usually reads your copy of the IHT other than yourself? 

Your spouse/partner l 7 Z Yourchfldren EZZ3 to 

CoBeagues/associates F _Z No-one else EZZ 

FamiJy/friends P , Z 

1 0a- ► Have you participated in international surveys relating to your 

business, travel, lifestyle or readership behavior, either fay mail or 
by telephone in the pa st two years? 

fes t 1 l ontattlQb No F. J wcGotnQU 

10b- ► ffya*, was this an IHT survey I 1 1, or another kind E — l?w 



Not at all 




□ to 




f n (so) 





19 - ► In the past two years where have you shopped for the kind of items 
listed above, especially clothes and fashion accessories? 

Paris P 71 Zurich/Geneva P 1 m 

M3an F Z Madrid/Barcelona F 1 

London F H Hong Kong F 1 

New York F__Z Singapore F Z 

Berlin P U Tokyo P ] 



11 -►Approximately how many international biwineas air trips have you 
made hi the feat 12 months? 

1-5 trips P 1 

20+ trips l J mi 

6-19 trips F J 

none F J 

12 - ► Which, if wry, of the regions listed below have you visited by ah" on 
business in the last 12 months? 

Western Europe ED 

South East Asia C 1 w 

EastenVCentral Birope F J 

Other Asia P J 

Middle East E_J 

North America Z 1 

Africa F 1 
Australasia f 3 

SouWCerttral America E ] 


For batten 

Personal computer l! 1 

F 1 (M) 

LaptofYnotabook/handheld computer E 1 

□ to 

E-mail I 1 1 

F- J si) 

CD-ROM t 1 

E ] TO 

Cellular/mobile phone 11 1 

E ] TO 

The Intemeti'other on4me services: 

■ for business and finance information l 1 ...J 

Em to 

- for general information l 1 1 

l ] ra) 


13 -► For biisiness1*» what class of travel do you usually u»7^ ^ 

* tJitSs «■ 

First Class ED Q 

Business Class F ] E -J 

Economy F J — 

14 - ► Approximately how many night* have you spent in hotels 

business in the last 1 2 mon ths? — , 

1-14 □ 50+ □ 

15-49 F 1 0000 *- — 

15a- ► Do you personalty, or does your company, own a private jat? 

t.LLrennaflu mam aiflt F Igo id 0i5b The company I wmk [ — =J to 
Y fes, I personally own a jsi i j™ frowns a jet Gomtna 

No P I gomoib 

21 -► Which, if any, of the following publications do you read regulariy (at 
feast 3 out of 4 issues)? 

Financial Times I 1 ) The Economist F. ] mt 

USA Today F 1 The European F 1 

The Asian Wall Street Journal P I Far Eastern Economic Review F J 

Newsweek P 1 

Time F I 

The Wfefl Street Journal Europe F I 

BusinessWeek F I 

22 -► In the last 12 months have you... 


Played golf F - 1 
Ptayad tennis P_ I 
Used a yacht/motorboat I 1 I 
Attended a heaJtft/sportscfcib I 1 1 
Bought art/jewBlry/antiques F. I 
Been to theater/opera/concerts r_ I 
Taken two or more weekend breaks abroad l’_ 1 
Bought leisure goodsfelothing/books by direct mail PIT' I 



F Z to 

F I (HI 







15b- ► If so, winch ma te? 

Canadair E — I 
4 Dassauft Falcon Jet tD 

tear E J 

Cessna ED Embraer □ m 

Galaxy ED Gulfetream L_J 

Other □ Don't know ED 

23 - ► How many children do you have either living at home or away from 
home (but for whom you are fHimc tally responsible)? 

Nom 0 m Two Uitm Fo g or mo re 

a) aged under 15 11 I F I F 1 F ~ 1 F I to ■ 

b) aged 15-18 Q □ ED O Oto 

c) aged 19 or over P I F I F I l 1 I F 1 to 


24 - ►Are you currently: 

Working fiil/part time E [ 

A student E 1 to 

Not in paid employment/other F 1 

Retired F 1 

25 - ► What is your job title or position? 

Qwner/partner LTIIot 

Diplomat/politician/ l f 1 to 

Charrman/president/CEO E . 1 

government official 

Maraging Director F_ 1 

Professional (ie. F j 

Vice President F 1 


General Manager 1 

Consultant F 1 

Other jofa/posrtion [ 1 

Other senior position F 1 


Oth w manager E 1 

26a- ► What is the main activity of your organization? 

Manufactuintyengineering I 1 1 to 

Computing L 1 to 

Primary industry/utflities E l 

Telecommunications F ) 

Construction P J 

Other business services L 3 , 1 

Wholasale/retail t 1 

Education C 1 

TravelADurisn^ian sp or tati on 

Other financial services 

Medical FT. I 
Legal I 5 1 

P 1 Gma02Bi Govamment/diplomatic P I 
F leatoQZEb Other (WRITE IN) I D on 

26b- ► For those of you working in the financial sector, which of the 
following best describes your job function? 

Institutional investor (manager of pension, l 1 I m 
insurance, mutual or hedge hinds) 
Broker/advisor/investment banker P ~~I 
Other (WRITE IN) 

27 - ► Please indicate for which of the goods or services listed below you 

we wholly or partly responsible for your company's decisions to 
purchase, lease or change suppliers? 

Network systems l f Zl m 
Desktops/PCs F ~1 
Software F I 

Telecommunication systems/equipment/services F ~1 
Other office equipment/technology F i 
Company vehicles F 1 
Corporate/business aircraft P 1 
Plant and equipment/raw materials F ~~1 
Commercial banking services P 1 
Investment banking services P 71 to 
O ther financial services F ~ I 
Business services F I 
International courier/freight services F Zl 
Business premises/industrial site selection F Zl 

28 - ► Do you have international responsibilities in your job? 

Yes ED No ED to 


29 -►! 


Male P 1 Female F H 

30 -►Age: 

Under 25 CHI 
25-34 ED 

35-44 ED 
45-54 EHI 

55-64 Em to 

65 + cm 

31 -► Currently fiving in: 


(country) w-s* 

32 - ► A Citizen/National of: 

(country) i«md 

33 - ► Educated to: 

Doctorate I 1 I Standard university level F j w» 

MBA P 1 Secondary/high school levef F 1 

Higher university degree level P I 

34 - ► Approximate household Income fore-tax) in US$ from all sources: 

Up to $30,000 im $150,000 to under $200,000 F 1 «n 
$30,000 to undBr $50,000 Em $200,000 to under $300,000 □ 
$50,000 to under $100,000 Em $300,000 to under $500,000 P I 
$100,000 to under $150, ODO Em $500,000 and over ED 

Or, write in own currency: ; 

35 -►Which, HP any, of the following categories of personal Investments 

and financial services do you have or use? 

Life insurance I 1 I m 

Private banking F t 

Private pension plan P I 

Stocks or bonds F 1 

Government securities F I 

Options, futures or investments in: 

- Gold/precious metals r I 

-Commodities ) 7 I 

- Foreign cuirency f 1 

Mutual fumfeAnit trusts/investment funds F I 

Property/real estate (wholly owned) 1° I 

CoHectiblas (ait antiques, coins, stamps) F I 

► In order to be eligible for the prizB draw* please write in your full name and address 
in the space provided. 

Tide: Mr/MrVMiss/Dr/Prof. Other 

Firstname Family Name 


Postal Code _ 
Telephone no. _ 
E-mail address. 



Thank you for your cooperation. Now amply follow tee folding instructions on 
the reverse of the questionnaire and please post it. 

SibnDlviishrDpaticipaBnliithBlKrskSW^iimthBiwitBnneE. Q 1<q 
I ±) not wsh fcfB^magnos from o th er ernpari fe Q l«) 

•Valid where legal. 



PAGE 13 


For Jittery U. S. Credit Market, It’s Not Really Over Until the Fed Sings 

Competed In OnrSatfFm m DOptstlm 

NEW YORK — The worst is not over 
for bond investors, even though some 
would welcome an increase in U.S. in- 
terest rates to stop inflation before it 

picks up speed. 

Bond yields are likely to climb next 
week, if, as expected, the Federal Re- 
serve Board announces a quarter-point 
increase in the federal funds rate after 
policymakers meet Tuesday. 

“It is highly unusual to have long 
rates do anything but go up” after the 
Fed increases target-lending rates, said 
Fred Quirsfeld, who helps manage $4 
billion of bonds at American Express 
Financial Advisors in Minneapolis. Mr. 
Quirsfeld said bond yields could rise to 
7-5 percent this year if the Fed follows a 
move Tuesday with more increases. 

Even so, the benchmark 30-year 
Treasury bond barely budged this week, 
after Alan Greenspan, the Federal Re- 

serve Board chairman, reiterated die 
central bank's willingness to raise rates 
to cool the economy and to keep prices in 
check. Economic reports also provided 
evidence the economy was growing at a 
robust pace with little inflation. The 
yield on the 30-year bond climbed 2 
basis points from a week earlier to 6.96 

Bonds did not take a beating because 
many investors are becoming convinced 
that a rate increase would fend off in- 
flation and might be good for fixed- 
income securities in the long run. 

Inflation erodes the value of fixed- 
income securities and erodes long-term 
ones mosr of all. 

Many investors said they did not see 
long-term bond prices falling too much 
after a Fed move because their yields 
mostly reflect a rate increase already. 

Yields on 30-year bonds already 
jumped more than 40 basis points in the 

past five weeks — topping 7 percent 
briefly last week — amid growing con- 
cern about economic growth and the 
prospects for higher rates. 

“Long term, it’s hard not to be fairly 
bullish,' said James Midanek, a bond 
manager at Solon Asset Management in 
Walnut Creek, California. “We have an 
effective Fed. They are beating down 
inflation and that means a lower risk 
premium for bonds.” 

Donald Maude, chief U.S. fixed-in- 
come strategist at Scotia Capital Mar- 
kets. is among the many bond-market 
participants who expect the Fed to raise 
rates by 25 basis points on Tuesday. 

Mr. Greenspan was more hawkish on 
Thursday when speaking to the Joint 
Economic Committee than he was dur- 
ing testimony last month, and he man- 
aged to difftise criticism from the Con- 
gress, he said. 

“He basically indicated that they’ll 

tighten." Mr. Maude said, adding that 
Mr. Greenspan “got very little criti- 
cism” from the Joint Economic Com- 

Mr. Maude said Mr. Greenspan spoke 
as frankly as he could to the committee, 
“one of the biggest Fed adversaries 
through the years.” 

If the Joint Economic Committee 
wanted to criticize him about a pre- 
emptive move, it had the opportunity to 
do so on Thursday, he said. 

Mr. Greenspan might not even have a 
hard time convincing some of the voting 
members, he said, adding that some 
members, such as Robert Parry . the pres- 
ident of the San Francisco Fed, have 
sounded as hawkish. 

John McAuley. economist at Wilkin- 
son Boyd Capital Markets, also expects 
the Fed to tighten next week. 

“I think I have decided that the Fed is 
going to go Tuesday." Mr. McAuley 

said. “One of the reasons is that I think 
strong economic data that we have got- 
ten die last couple of weeks have caused 
me to change my forecast and probably 
has changed the Fed staff forecast.” 

The consumer sector is “much 
stronger" than anticipated and the hous- 
ing industry continues to hum along at a 
good clip, he said. 

‘ ‘The fact that permits for single fam- 
ilies was so strong has caused me to raise 
my forecast for new home sales to 
9CiO,000,'* Mr. McAuley said The con- 
sensus forecast for February new home 
sales is at a 8 2 8, 000- unit rate, compared 
with 870,000 in January. 

February new home sales data are 
expected for release Friday. 

He sees first-quarter growth to be 
close to 33 percent but is slightly lower 
than the 4.0 percent widely forecast be- 
fore trade data Thursday showed a 
widening of the trade deficit. 

Other investors are less sanguine about 
the effects of a rate increase. Their view is 
that once the Fed begins to raise rates, 
investors will start focusing on the next 
possible increase and drive "bonds lower. 

“Once everything begins to sink in, 
people start to wonder whether this is 
one of many," said Richard Schwartz, a 
funds manager for New York Life Asset 
Management in Parsippany. New Jer- 
sey. "My view is that a rally would 
provide an opportunity to sell.” 

Another reason bonds may fall is that 
not all investors are convinced a rate 
increase is imminent. The yield on the 
April federal-funds futures coniracr is 
5.46 percent, or 21 basis points more 
than the Fed’s current target rate for 
overnight loans, suggesting in\ estors are 
putting the odds of a rate increase at 
about 85 percent. It also suggests bonds 
may have room to fall if the Fed raises 
rates . (Bloomberg. Bridge News 1 

Most Active International Bonds 

The 250mo6tacttve nlematlonal bonds traded 
through the Euroctear system tor the week cod- 
ing March 21. Prices supplied by Tefe*airs. 

Rnfc Hone Cpa Maturity Price Ytett 

Argentine Peso 

21 1 Argentina 

3.177 0401/07 1O1.250Q 3.1«0 

Belgian Franc 

230 Belgium 

9 03/28/03 118.5100 7.5900 

British Pound 

146Rinnte Mae 
190 World Bank 
209 FEK 

4% 06/07/02 
6.10 03/17/00 
61* 03/16/00 







Canadian Dollar 

165 Canada 


080109 103.4190 


234 Canada 


09/1508 102.7999 


Danish Krone 

8 Denmark 


03/1506 108.1000 


15 Denmark 


11/1501 109.7000 


27 Denmark 


11/1507 100.1500 


28 Denmark 


11/1500 112.1200 


36 Denmark 


05/1503 109X900 


44 Denmark 


11/1508 107.1100 


51 Denmark 


12/1(09 103.0400 


52 Denmark 


12/1504 102.7000 


54 Denmark 


11/10/24 914300 


85 Denmark 


11/1502 101.1300 


94 Denmark 


02/1509 101&500 




1001/26 862000 


151 Nykrwfit Bank 


1001/26 93X000 


172 Real Kredit 


1 001/26 864300 


174 Denmark 


02/1500 98X700 


246 Real Kredit 


1001/26 93X500 


Rnfc Name 

81 Germany 

82 Treuhand 

83 Germany 

88 Germany 

89 Germany 

90 Germany 
92 Treuhand 
96 Germany 

99 Germany 

100 Germany 

101 Treuhand 

102 Germany 

107 Germany 

108 Treuhand 

110 Germany 

111 Argentina 
121 Germany 

125 Germany 

126 Germany 
128 Germany 
130 Treuhand 

143 Treuhand 

144 Germany 
150 Germany 
153 Germany 
168 Germany 

170 BA Credit Cord 
173 Germany 
177 Germany 
208 Germany 
210 Siemens 
219 Germany 
221 Credit Local 
237 Germany 

241 EIB 

242 Germany 
245 DSL Fin 
248 Batavia li 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

6ft 12/02/98 105.0900 63400 
6ft 06/11/03 107.8500 63700 
6 09/1 SAG 1033360 5.7900 
716 10*21/02 109.8960 63000 
B 09/22/97 1023425 7.8200 
SV* 08/21/90 1123800 73500 
5ft 09/24/98 1023500 5M00 
8 03/20/97 100.0022 8.0000 
7ft 02/21/00 1093300 7.0800 
6 06/20/16 94.1029 63800 
6ft 0625/98 103.1150 5.9400 

6 02/20*98 102X500 53700 
5ft 02/25/98 1013300 5.1700 
5 01/14/99 102.1800 43900 
Bft 07/20/00 113.1800 7.7300 

7 03/18/04 99.1000 7.0600 
5ft 05/28/99 1033600 53400 
7ft 01/20/00 108.1300 6.7000 
5ft 08/20/98 102.9200 53900 
zero 07/18/97 993174 33200 

5 12/17/98 1023700 4.9000 
7 11/25/99 1073200 63200 

zero 04/18/97 99.7835 2.7700 
7 04/2099 1062800 63900 
6ft 01/03/99 1043650 63200 
6ft 01/2Q98 102.3700 63300 

6 11/15/05 101 .1788 5.9300 
6ft 06/21/99 1063300 63700 
6ft 08/1498 1016900 6.1500 
5ft 08/20*97 100.9500 5.7000 
Bft 05/22/00 1123450 7.7500 
5ft 03/12/07 96.9395 53700 
6ft 05/20*98 1012400 61700 
5ft ltyitVOO 1013507 53000 

3331 09/3004 99.1775 33600 
6 10*22/03 1012000 53100 
6ft 05/2097 100.4588 63500 
5ft 03/19/09 953000 63300 
5ft 03/16/09 973537 63200 

Rnfc Name 


Maturity Price 


Italian Lira 

161 Italy 


020101 106X400 


233 Italy 


04/15/99 103.9500 


Japanese Yen 

179 WOrfd Bank 


12/20/04 118X000 


197 Walt Disney 


06/2109 100X091 




ayia/09 100x687 


203 J- back 

0X1800 100.0000 


244 Pac Invest Cap 

zero 04/1909 98X574 


Portuguese Escudo 

163 Portugal 

1 00107 101.0000 


Spanish Peseta 

194 Spain 


04/1500 101X550 


229 Spain 

BM 04/3001 107X500 


Swedish Krona 

65 Sweden 


01/2109 110.0950 


156 Sweden 


050500 112.8290 


200 Sweden 


06/1501 125.082010X900 

212 Sweden 


10/2506 94.0632 


227 Sweden 


Oa/1507 104X240 


U.S. Dollar 

For World Bonds 9 an Uncertain Time 

By Car! Gewirtz 

huemutwruii Herald Tribune 

Dutch Guilder 

Deutsche Mark 

1 Germany 

2 Germany 

3 Germany 

4 Germany 

6 Germany 

7 Germany 
9 Germany 

10 Germany 

11 Germany 

12 Germany 

13 Germany 

14 Germany 
16 Germany 

20 Treuhand 

21 Germany 

22 Germany 

24 Treuhand 

25 Germany 

26 Treuhand 
29 Germany 

31 Germany 

32 Germany 

33 Germany 

35 BGBHnlretond 
37 Treuhand 

39 Treuhand 

40 Germany 

41 Germany 

42 Treuhand 

43 Germany 

45 Germany. 

46 Germany 

47 Treuhand 

48 Germany 
50 Germany 

, 53 Germany 

55 Treuhand 

56 Treuhand 

57 Germany 

59 Treuhand 

60 Germany 

61 Germany 

62 Germany 

63 Germany 

69 Germony 

70 Germany 

71 Treuhand 

72 Germany 

73 Germany 

74 Treuhand 

75 Germany 

77 Germany 

78 Treuhand 

79 Germany 
B0 Germany 

01/0497 101.1937 5.9300 
0426*06 1015086 61000 
11/20/01 1012593 46900 
01/21/02 112.7300 7.1000 
08*2001 1013825 4.9500 
09/20/01 1134200 7.2700 
05/12/05 10&2895 63500 
. 05/21/01 101.5467 4.9200 
7ft 010305 1102833 66900 
‘ 02/1606 1007875 5.9500 
1 OH 4/05 1060854 61300 
01/0506 1067783 5.9500 
07/22/02 1133800 73600 
090904 111.1100 67500 
02/21/01 1023083 61300 
— O10-V24 943271 66500 
6ft 07/01/99 1062400 60600 
5ft 11/21/00 1023551 4.9900 
-• 12/02A12 1104267 66800 
UV2tVOO 1144720 73600 
... 05/1600 1043400 53200 
Bft 02/2001 1134533 74900 
3ft 12/18/98 997595 35100 
zero 09/030122061680503000 
6ft 07/29/99 105.1600 59400 
6ft 07/09/03 1065600 62200 
08/2001 1155000 75900 
12/20001144300 7.7600 
04/29/99 1033300 55400 
12/22/97 1023400 68200 
... 08*22/001043656 54900 
5ft 02/22/991025600 57200 
6ft 050304 1063400 62300 
7ft 11/11/04 1125698 63600 
6ft 07/1503 105.9400 61400 
3ft 09/18/98 993400 35100 
6ft 04/2303 1063200 61300 
7ft 10/01/02 112.1843 69100 
8ft 07/21/97 T 01 5600 61200 
7ft 01/29/03 1094946 65100 
5ft 11/20/97 1012000 5.1900 
Bft OtS/21/Dl 1135300 75800 
3ft 03/19/99 993735 37900 
7 01/1300 1073611 64900 
7ft 12/2002 1095250 65200 
9 01/22/01 1153300 7.8200 
6ft 03/26*98 1023400 5.9700 
6ft 05/2099 1043500 53500 
6ft 09/15/99 1064900 63400 
6ft 030404 1041667 63000 
6ft 07/15/04 107.9259 62500 
6ft 030500 1062300 61200 
6 11/12/03 103.1557 53200 
6ft 04*2203 1075900 62900 
6ft 02/24/99 105.6200 65100 
























23 Netherlands 
38 Netherlands 
49 Netherlands 
76 Netherlands 
86 Netherlands 
93 Netherlands 
95 Netherlands 
98 Netherlands 

103 Netherlands 

104 Netherlands 
109 Netherlands 
123 Netherlands 
127 Netherlands 
129 Netherlands 
131 Netherlands 
142 Netherlands 
160 Netherlands 
162 Netherlands 
169 Netherlands 
176 Netherlands 
178 Netherlands 
188 Netherlands 
191 Netherlands 
201 Netherlands 
220 Netherlands 
224 Netherlands 
235 Netherlands 
239 Netherlands 
243 Netherlands 
249 Netherlands 

6ft 07/15/98 1032500 
6 01/1506 101.7000 
5ft 02/1507 99.4500 
Bft 03/1501 1133000 
9 01/1501 114.9500 
0601/06 1193500 
03/15/99 1057000 
02/1509 105.1000 
01/1504 101.7500 
04/15/10 113.0500 
01/15/23 112.1000 
06/1505 1083000 
09/1502 1011000 
02/1502 11420 
09/1501 1153500 
06/15/99 1072000 
02/1500 1103000 
07/0100 1134500 
060502 1143500 
050500 11340 

01/1500 109.1000 
07/15*98 10X5500 
040503 1062000 
1 001/98 1042500 
000105 11340 
11/15/99 1082000 
11/1505 1068000 
100104 1102000 
090507 1161500 
02/1503 1069000 
02/1507 1172000 



























mo 05/30/97 992878 


































112 France OAT 
115 France OAT 
122 France OAT 
139 France OAT 
181 France B.T.A.N. 
183 France OAT 
185 France OAT 
193 Britain 
213 UK 
217 France OAT 
226 Britain 

7ft 04/2505 

6 04/2504 

7 042506 
8ft 03/1502 

6 03/1601 
5ft 04/2507 
9H 04/2500 
9ft 02/2101 
zero 06/12/97 

5 01/2609 
Bft 04/25/22 

4 01/2800 











115 I Vk 














Finnish Markka 

222 Finland 

7ft 04/1806 1073575 67400 

French Franc 

159 France OAT 
1 66 France B.TJLN. 7ft 
1B7 France OAT 
196 France B.T AN. 5ft 
199 France OAT 
206 France OAT 

7ft 10*2505 1133900 68200 
(ffl/1 2/97 1014700 7.1400 
7ft 04/2506 1103000 65600 
03/12/98 102L0900 5.6300 
8ft 02/2704 1161100 7.1100 
6ft KV2506 105.0100 61900 

5 Brazil Cap S.L 
17 Argentina FRN 
IB Argentina L 
19 Venezuela 
30 Argentina 
34 Mexico 
58 Brazil 6L 
64 Brazil 

66 Venezuela A 

67 Brazil L 

68 Bulgaria 

84 Abbey NahTS 
87 Brazil 
91 Mexico par B 
97 Brazil par Zi 
105 Mexico par A 

114 Italy 

1 16 Ecuador 

117 CADES 
mcredft Local 
119 Argentina 
124 Brazil SJ. 

133 EIB 

134 Brazil 

135 Argentina 

136 Panama pdl 
137B>CflCom Ext. 
133 Poland 

140 Brazil 

141 Venezuela B 
145 Ecuador par 

148 Bulgaria 

149 Mexico D 
152 Argentina L 

154 Mexico 

1 55 Venezuela 6A 

157 Mexico 

158 Peru 
164 Peru 
167 Russia 
171 Mexico A 
180 Venezuela 

182 British Gas Inti 
186 Argentina 
1 89 FwTOvfe State 
192Comerfca Bank 
195 World Bank 
202 CADES 
204 Canada 
205 World Bonk 
207 Poland 

21 4 Brazil 

215 Ecuador 

218 Philippines FIX 
ZQ Mexico B 
225 MBL Inti Rn 
228 World Bank 
231 5weden 
232 KFW Inti Fin 
236 Wharf lntl Fin 
238 DSL 
240 Panama 
247 Ford Motor 

4ft 04/15/14 80X250 53700 
6ft 03/2905 87.9550 73300 
5ft 03/31/23 643804 8.1300 
6ft 12/1807 87.0000 7.4700 
lift 01/30/17 101088611.0300 
lift 05/15/26 105.902010X600 
6V» 04/15/12 793250 62400 
6ft 010101 97X125 66500 
6ft 03/31/20 72X125 9X700 
6ft 04/1506 89X750 7X700 
6Y» 07/28/11 613176103700 
6ft 03/1802 97X750 63100 
6ft 04/1324 81X313 60200 
6ft 12/31/19 723563 83000 
5 04/15/24 63X313 7.9300 
6U 12/31/19 723000 66200 
9ft 01/1507 104X955 9.4600 
6ft 09/27/23 91X439 7.4900 
zero 02/2W5 61.1611 zero 
6ft 03/1102 99.1192 65600 
6ft 02/1804 97X500 66800 
5ft 040101 1260000 4X700 
6 04/1509 85X125 73500 

6ft 030707 97.7761 67B0Q 
7ft 09/1806 101.7055 7X100 
Bft 110501 1003694 68200 
11 100906 1043250 UL5100 
4 07/17/16 833000 4X900 
7ft 020204 92X134 7.8600 
6ft 10/27/24 97.9375 66400 
4ft 04/15/14 85X701 5X800 
6ft 03/31/20 723250 9X900 
3U 02/28/25 42X750 73800 
7ft 080601 101X100 73300 
69V 07/28/24 62X750 104400 
6X52 12/28/19 867006 7.1600 
6ft 03/31/23 813313 7X200 
lift 09/ 15/16 104.750010X600 
6ft 0311807 873100 73700 
9ft 020601 1061250 9X600 
314 0307/17 544375 5.9700 
4 0307/17 603250 63000 
916 11/2701 964684 9X900 
6453 12/31/19 883313 7X900 
69V 03/3107 86T165 7X100 
zero 1104/21 15X717 7.9800 
5ft 090102 1103000 4X600 

PARIS — World bond markets are 
headed into a twilight zone, hampered 
by an inability to see clearly and a loss of 

The drying up of liquidity — mainly 
because of the confluence of the Easter 
holidays, the end of the Japanese fiscal 
year on March 3 1 and the end of the first 
quarter elsewhere — is the most tran- 
sient of the problems. 

But combined with the uncertainty 
about fundamental issues that is likely to 
linger, investors can. be .expected to re- 
main defensive and averse to risk for an 
extended period. 

The roost immediate worry is the level 
of U.S. interest rates. A quarter-point 
rise in the cost of overnight money, to 
5.50 percent from 5.25 percent, after the 
meeting Tuesday of Federal Reserve 
Board policymakers is now widely con- 
sidered a foregone conclusion. 

Beyond that, the consensus breaks 
down. Will it be a one-off increase? “Un- 
likely,” said John Upsky at Chase Man- 
hattan Bank. "It would seem trivial to try 

to fine-tune monetary policy to such a 
degree,' 1 he said, adding that he expected 
the federal funds rate to be at least 5.75 
percent by the end of the year. 

Stephen Roach at Morgan Stanley & 
Co. said that “this is not a central bank 
that is about to squander years of hard- 
won credibility over a measly 25 basis 
points — the increase should be viewed 
as the first of many” en route to 6 JO 
percent by the end of.the year. 

His is an admittedly extreme view, but 
if correct, it exposes a rocky road for 
European bonds, which are not only in- 
fluenced by developments in New York 
but also have their own problems, notably 
whether the planned monetary union pro- 
ceeds and, if so, with which countries. 

Xn Europe, uncertainties about mon- 
etary union are driving investors out of 
the higher-yielding peripheral bond 
markets — Italy, Spain. Sweden — 
which continued to sell off last week. 
Fears of a delay and signs of strong 
.German growth buoyed the Deutsche 
mark, but yields on 10-year government 
bonds ended the week almost a quarter 
point higher at 5.92 percent. 

The problem for investors is that they 

have no way of knowing what is likely to 
happen. U.S. economic data indicate a 
faster-than-expected rare of growth but 
with inflation still contained. "Only sub- 
sequent data over the coming months 
will offer a clue as to how much further, 
if at all, the Fed needs to tighten. 

One irony of the current situation is 
that investor confidence in the Fed’s 
ability to contain inflation is so high that 
long-term interest rates have barely 
moved. The benchmark 30-year gov- 
ernment bond currently yields 6.96 per- 
cent, compared with 6.72 percem at the 
start of the year. 

Had the rise been sharper, the increase 
in the cost of money would have been 
causing a natural restraint on the up- 
swing. But without that added drag, the 
Fed may be forced to push up more 
sharply the short-term rates it controls. 

As rates in the bond futures market 
already incorporate an increase in the 
cost of borrowing dollars, no big re- 
action is expected after Tuesday's an- 
nouncement. The market reaction will be 
“muted," said Avinash Persaud at J. P. 
Morgan & Co., “with attention focused 
on if and when the Fed moves nexL" 

9ft 070609 

115 7.9300 

537 030302 993134 53900 
6ft 080106 77.7786 67800 
5ft 12/1 001 993300 5X900 
6ft 080806 962500 6X700 
6ft 07/2105 967540 63900 
4 10*27/14 82.9688 4X200 

6 09/15/13 73X767 61 BOO 
6ft* 02/28/25 66X750 9.7000 
8ft 1007/16 97X891 8.9400 
bft 12/31/19 866350 7.1900 
3 11/3002 1061250 2.9100 
7ft 01/19/23 1033250 7.3600 
5X87 020801 99.9500 5X900 
6ft 030607 95.9117 67800 
7ft 03/1307 98X775 77600 
6ft 02/1302 969232 65700 
3ft 07/17/14 73X750 47700 
6ft 02/2802 97X750 63400 
5477 02/2008 99.9300 54800 

T he Week Ahead; World Economic Calendar, March 24-28 

Artieduh of this mxtfBBCon^imd financial evens, canpikri tor fotottwutfori 


Expected Jakarta: PT Bank Mashlll Utama 
Tils Week holds shareholders’ meeting to vote 
on changes to its board, approve a 
stock spilt and raise Its capital limit. 
Phuket, Thailand: Petroleum Eco- 
nomics Ltd. sponsors International 
Petroleum Economics Seminar. 
Monday to Thursday. 


Frankfurt: Import prices for Febru- 
ary and preliminary cost-of-itving in- 
dex for March could be released. 
Madrid: Economy Ministry releases 
January trade deficit and current ac- 
count figures. 


Arlington, Virginia: Bankers Trust 
and the Aviation Week Group pre- 
sent an annual aerospace finance 
conference, Tuesday to Wednesday. 
Miami: World Research Group pre- 
sents Securities Lending & Repos fn 
Emerging Markets, Wednesday to 

flonday Tokyo: Japan Automobile Manutae- 
iarch 24- tuners Association expected to re- 
lease data on February vehicle pro- 
duction; Economic Planning Agency 
may release January diffusion in- 
dex; National Land Agency releases 
. annual survey of property prices. 

London: Office for National Statis- 
tics releases quarterly national ac- 
counts and balance of payments fig- 
ures for the fourth quarter. 

Prague: The Czech Statistical Of- 
fice publishes February foreign 
trade figures. 

Buenos Aires: Indec releases In- 
dustrial production figures for Febru- 
ary and supermarket sales figures 
for January. 

Washington: U.S. Agriculture De- 
partment releases weekly report on 
planting progress for seven crops. 

Tuesday Tokyo: February oil imports data; 

March & Japan Chalnstore Association to re- 
lease February sales data; Japan 
Department Store Association to re- 
lease data on nationwide depart- 
ment store sales in February. 

London: Office tor National Statis- 
tics releases capital expenditure fig- 
ures and revised stocks figures for 
fourth quarter. 

Stockholm: February trade balance 

New York: Conference Board is- 
sues consumer confidence survey; 
Washington: Federal Open Market 
Committee meeting on U.S. interest 
rate policy begins; National Asso- 
ciation of Realtors releases home 
resales for February. 

i# Bangkok: Bangkok Bank PLC 
r holds general sharehoWers meet- 
ing to seek approval to issue up to 

$3 billion worth of bonds. 

Wellington: Overseas trade figures 
for February. 

Stockholm: National Institute for 
Economic Research releases eco- 
nomic forecast 

Earnings expected: ACC BANK, 
Ares-Serono SA, Amotts PLC, Bar- 
co SA, Deutsche Bank AG, Fortis 
AG, VEBA AG and Nestle SA. 

Washington: Commerce Depart- 
ment releases February durable 
goods report; Mortgage Bankers As- 
sociation of America releases its 
weekly report on mortgage appli- 

Earnings expected: Corel Corp- 

_ _ „ 

m m 

■ ■ 

■ ■ 

New inrernoTionai nona issues 

Compiled by Laurence Desvileftes 






% Price 





Floating Rate Notes 

Den DanskeBank 





Interest will be ft over 3- month Llbar until 2006. when Issue ts callable at par, thereafter 1*. 
over. Reoffend at 99.788. Fees 0712%. (Deutsche Morgan GrerrfetU 

Household Affinity Credit 
Card Master Trustl 






Over l^nonth Libor. Average life 5 years. Fees not disclosed. (CSFItsI Boston j 

Industrial Credit and 
Investment Carp, of India 

SI 00 




’ — 

Interest will be 0X0 aver 6- month Uboruntf 2002, when Issue ts callable al par, thereafter 2X0 
aver. Fees 0X0%. (Clttbank UftU 

Puma Finance 






Over 3-month Llbar. CaflaWa at par In 2003. Also SI 05 million, paying 0X8 aver Libor orw S35 
mMon, paying 0X7 over. Fees 0X0%. (J.P. /Morgan SeairtflesJ 

Sirto Commercial Properties 





Over 1- month Uboc CoDanie at porta 2000. Fees 0X5%. Denominations S1QQ.Q00. {Morgan 
Stanley IntU 







Interest «*H be the 3-month Libor. NancallabJe. Fees 0.10%. (ABN- AMRO Haora Covert) 

Bayortsche Hypatheken und 
Wechsel Bank 



plbar 100.00 

Interest wM be the Xnwnth Ptborta first year, thereafter a find 4%. Noncaltabte. Fees 0.15%. 
(Credit Commercial de France.) 







Over 3-inomh Pbor. Average me 4 yearn. Fees 0.15%. (Deutsche Morgan GrcnfetU 

Centro barren 






Owe 3-month Ubar. Reoffeted at 99X9. Nonadlable. Fees 0X5%. (J.P. Morgan SecuffltesJ 







Over 6-month Ubor. Reoffered at 9914. NoncaHaWe. Fees 652%. (IMI Bank.) 

Sanwa Finance Aruba 

Y1 9.500 





Interest wfit be 020 over 4-monrti Ubar until 2002, Ixo over untu 2007, thereafter 2 over. Private 
placement callable at par tn 2003- Pees 0X0%. Denarrtiwttore. too million yen. (Sanwa tnri.t 


Bank of Nova Scotia 






Reoffered at 99.96 NoncoHable. Fees lft%. (Banque Paribas Capital Markets.) 

Caisse Centrale Desjardins 
du Quebec 






Reaftered at 99X72. NonariJobte. Fees lft% (Mens Lynch IntU 

Daimler-Benz North 







Reoffered m 99X5. Nonat battle. Fees lMflfc. (CommeizboniU 





100.9775 99X0 

Reoffeted at 99.79. NonajttaOte. Fees 1 ft%. (CS Rrsr Boston.) 

Export-Import Bonk Korea 






Semlonmraffy. Redeemable at par In 2002. Fees 0X0%. (Lehman Brothers Inti.) 

KFW Inti Finance 






Reottaed at 100.15. Callable at par In 1 999. Fees 1 (Morgan Stanley Inru 

RBS Portldpacoes 



. 11 



Semiannually. NoncoHable. Fees 1%. Denominations 3 10^)00. (J.P. Morgan Securthesj 

Sudwestdeutsdie LB 





99 XS 

ReaKwed rn 99X12. NoncaltaAVe. Fees 1 Wb. IABN-AMRO Hoore Govett j 

European Investment Bonk 






Reoffered at 97.90. NancallabJe. issue wffl be radenamlncmd In euros after EMU ana trill be 
ftmgfbte wtth outstanding issues. Fees 1 *4%. (ABN-AMRO Hoaie Govett.) 

Eastern Electricity 






Reoffeted at 99X22. tUnrxrilabte. Fees 2**%. (Barctays de Zwtrte Wedd.l 








Reoffered at 99. Noncofiable. Fees 2%. Issue may be rederamlnaled In euros after EMU. 
Denominations 100000 francs. (Deutsche Morgan GrenffiJL) 







Reoffeted at 99X2. Nonenflable. Issue wttl be radeaorainaMdin euros after Emu. Fees 2%, 

(Caisse des Depots et CansfgnatfcmJ 

Deutsche Finance 






YleM 7.94%. NoncaJJoMe. FungfWe vrffh outstanding Issu& raising total face amount to 4 frfflwi 
Ire. Fees 0X5%. (Deutsche Morgan GrenfetL] 

European Investment Bank 






NoncaBabte. Fungible wtth outstanding issue, raising total amount to 1 trtUton lire. Fees Tift,. 
(Banque Nononale de Paris) 

Bayerische Hypafheken und 
Wechsel Bank 






Reoffered at 100.91 . NancnltoMe. Fungible with outstanding Issue, raising total amount to 300 
mIBon gutdeis. Fees 1 W&. (ING Barings*) 

Rabobank Nederland 






Reoffend at 99J3. Nancallobte. Fees z%. (Rabobank hitu 

European Bank tor 
Reconstruction and 





Issue spffl Into 6 tranches paying 4J0 to 4X5%. Redemption amount at maturity wU be llnkea ta 
the performance of the AEX.DAXFT-SE 10Q and CAC-40 Indexes. Noncntlable. Fees not 
disclosed. (Caja de Madrid.} 


Euro 1,000 





Payments In Ecus until EMU. Noncdable. Fees 030%. (Banque Paribas Capital Markets.) 

Bank Austria 






Yield 14.15%. Reaftered at 2040 Noncnltobte. Proceeds 133 million rand. Fees 035%. 
(WMmereltanf Bankj 

European Bank for 
Reconstruction and 





Reaffered at par. NancaUabte. Fees 1% (ING Bartngsj 

Logic Ltd 





Nancallabto private placement. Fees 0X0%. Denominations 100 million yen. iBank of Tokyo- 


First Pacific Capital 






Semkemuatty. Redeemable a! maturity at 134.129. Convertible at HKS72X5 per share und at 

H 107.7477 per dotor. Fees net dbettsed. [ING Bartngsj 

Kerry Properties Capital 






Semtamumttv. Redeemable at 129.712 ta 2002 to vtetd 7 JQMb. Convertible at H *521 50 per 
share, a 18.10% premium, end at HKS7.7474 per daBar. Fees 2 to%. (Merrill Lynch inrij 

Last Week's Markets 


Stock Indexes 

Bangkok: Bank of Thailan d an- ^ 
flounces monthly trade, investment 
and money market figures. 

TOkyo: February vehicle exports fig- 

wSington: Gross domestic pro* 
uct for^tober-December quarter. 

Helsinki: Statistics Finland releases 
January gross domestic product fig- 
ures and February unemployment 

Zurich: Federal Statistics Office re- 
leases the consumer price index tor 

Ann Arbor, Michigan: The Univer- 
sity of Michigan releases Index of 
consumer sentiment for March. 
Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports initial weekly state unemploy- 
ment compensation insurance 

nos pnQ. nunss — . 

ting to approve plan tora^e 

^ton in shares and bonds. 

Europe: Good Friday holiday. Most 
European financial markets, banks 
and business are closed with the 
exceptions of Austria, Belgium, 
Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, 
Russia and Turkey. 

Washington: Commerce Depart- 
ment reports final estimate of fourth- 
quarter economic growth and fourth 
quarter corporate profits; February 
new home sales; Federal Reserve 
System releases weakly report on 
commercial and industrial loans. 

United States March 31 Mach 14 


DJ Indus. 



— 128 





DJ Trans. 




S & P 100 












Nasdaq Cp 






— 3JH 

'llili 225 

10433.16 17.9234* 

+ 3.96 





— 183 


TsE Indus. 















Hang Seng 


— 1J4 





Money Rates 

United Stows 
Discount rate 
Prime role 
Federal funds rote 

Call money 
3- month Interbank 


Bank base raw 
Cali money 
J-morim Interbank 


(Mmcnflon rate 
Con money 

3- month interbank 

Eurobond Yields 

March 21 March 14 
5-00 600 

Mo'll ttarr«rrkfeft it law 

Weekly Sales 

Primary Mnrfcw 



Call money 
3-monNi interbank 




























(J3.& tong term 
U3. S. mdm term 
U3.S, short term 
Pounds stating 
French Francs 

DonWi boner 
Sumfish wonor 
ECUs, tong term 
ECUs, mdm tern 
Can. 5 

685 680 
654 646 
621 611 
730 7X8 
5X2 4X7 
744 734 
574 532 
537 5.13 
617 601 
5X1 5X0 
615 604 
747 736 
844 7.91 
134 149 

685 653 
655 610 
622 5.96 
742 739 
5X2 446 
748 698 
575 5X8 
537 4X2 
619 576 
5X6 4.92 
615 570 
7.73 7.11 

S 7.19 

Sauce: LumnOoan stock mfunge. 

CMMDk Eortdaar 

S Naas s HOBS 

Straights 960 1953 1307.8 2.249.6 

Convert — — — 47.6 

FRMS mo 4433 614.0 419.6 

ECP 9306.9 9,3614 It, 21 7.1 10439.7 
Total 9.627.9 9.9023 11838.9 111565 

Secondary Mortal 

COMM Eurodeor 

S tuns s NonS 

StnUgtitsMBUX 207518 84312.7 31,950.4 
Convert. 1.0697 655.9 1249.1 1491.0 

FRNs 17429.3 4,152X 50.1383 7.514.0 
ECP 13352.1 112264 21929.9 593386 
To M 564*2.9 38,789.4 156930. 766943 
5owce; Sunxtenr. Cede Bank. 

Libor Rates 

Gold Mar. 21 Mar. 14 % Oi'ge 

London pjn. ftut 352X0 352X0 Unch. 
Worid Index (torn Mown SttuUey CnpBol Ml Penpeahe. 




I -month 






French franc 




Deutsche mark 








Pound sterling 








sources: Udyds flanfc Revtm. 

PAGE 14 


ConsoSdaied prices tor afl shares 

traded during weak ended Friday, I mm 

March 21 | Soda Div YU lOKhfigti Low aseawc 


RAGE 15 




One View on Euro Plan: 

By Carl Gewirtz 

truer national HcrutJ Tribune 

6 Recipefor Turbulence 9 

PARIS — Central bankers, who nev- 
er miss an opportunity to lecture about 
the need to master financial-risk man- 
agement, have been advised to rethink 
their own plans for changing over to a 
single currency in Europe. 

fit a report published by the Centre 
for Economic Policy Research in Lon- 
don, a panel of academic experts 
labeled tne planned strategy **a recipe 
for turbulence." 

In particular, the panel cited the pro- 
grammed delay between the announce- 
ment. expected in the spring of 1998. 
of which countries qualify for mem- 
bership in monetary union and the set- 
ting of the exchange rates that will 
transform national currencies into 
euros, expected on Jan. 1, 1999. when 
union begins. 

This gap of at least six months “cre- 
ates new problems" for safely reach- 
ing the goal, according to the report 
entitled “The EMU End-Game,” by 
four European academics — David 

Begg. Francesco Giavazzi. Jucrgen 
von Hagen and Charles WypJosz. 

The panel urged (hat when the mem- 
ben: of the single currency are an- 
nounced. probably in the spring of 
1998. governments should also fix bi- 
lateral exchange rates and not bother to 
defend them until the union takes place 
on Jan. 1 . on the theory that this pro- 
cedure would be less subject to market 
speculation. This would leave only the 
conversion rate of these currencies to 
the euro to be set on Jan. I . 

The interim period between announ- 
cing membership and the fixing of con- 
version rates, the report stated, “could 
easily become a time of increased ex- 
change-rate speculation, destabilizing 
the exchange rates of the countries 
selected to participate in EMU.” 

But a complicating factor for the 
procedure is the European Currency 
Unit, an artificial basket of 12 EU cur- 
rencies and the precursor of the euro. 

Governments have promised that Ecu 
bank accounts worth SI 77 billion and 
bonds worth about $64 billion will be 
converted to euros on a one-for-one 

basis and that the conversion will be 
neutral — neither a gain nor a loss for 

The problem that arises is that the 
Ecu comprises 12 European curren- 
cies. of which three — the British 
pound, the Danish krone and the Greek 
drachma — currently float against the 
other nine. This means the conversion 
of the Ecu to the euro can only be set on 
the basis of market rates prevailing on 
Dec. 31, 1998. Therefore, the con- 
version rate of the national currencies 
to the euro can only be set Dec. 31. 

The panel also warned that the in- 
terim period could open a window of 
opportunity for the governments in the 
currency union to hold “an engage- 
ment party" and play “end-games of 
frivolous monetary and fiscal policies 
that would further destabilize ex- 
change rales. 

“Obviously, a series of exchange- 
rate crises and wild gyrations of rates 
that supposedly would be irrevocably 
fixed at the end of the year would feed 
doubts and fears about the viability of 
the monetary union. '* it said. 

“Injudicious management of the in- 
terim period creates enormous risks for 
a successful completion of EMU.” the 
report added. 

It also called on the ’‘in“ govern- 
ments to “commit in advance to use 
current bilateral central parities of the 
European Monetary System as the ir- 
revocably fixed exchange rates of the 
national currencies at the start of 
EMU." The report said that all cur- 
rencies were within 4 percent of their 
centra] rates. 

Noting that “speculative attacks on 
fixed exchange rates occur when in- 
vestors can place one-sided bets 
against the parities defended by the 
central banks,” the study urged that the 
central banks rule out such possibilities 
by not committing to defend exchange- 
rate bands during the interim period. 

Observing dial “good generals un- 
derstand that temporary retreat is not 
always an unsound lactic." the authors 
said: “It is central to our argument that 
the later the intervention, the more cred- 
ible it is that it will be carried out and 
hence the larger its deterrent effect." 

Delco Reaches Deal With UAW, Maintaining Flow of Parts to GM 

CVmpiW fcv Oar Stuff Firm hn 

ANDERSON, Indiana — The United 
'% Auto Workers and Delco Remy Amer- 
* ica Inc. have reached a tentative agree- 
ment on a new contract covering around 
1 ,500 employees at two plants, averting 
a strike that could have deprived Gen- 
eral Motors Corp. of a flow of key 
components for nearly all of its North 
American-built vehicles. 

Union leaders and company officials 
would not disclose terms of the tentative 
contract, which covers about 1.500 
workers in Anderson. Indiana and Me- 
ridian. Mississippi. 

But the UAW’s president, Stephen 
Yokich. and other leaders released a 

statement indicating the bargaining had 
gone well. The UAW was demanding 
that Delco Remy match the pattern 
agreed to by the Big Three automakers 
last November, and hire about 440 tem- 
porary workers on a permanent basis. 

Management had contended that 
Delco Remy's pay under the current 
agreement was higher than its com- 
petitors and that to adopt the new GM 
contract would make it difficult for the 
company to remain competitive. 

“UAW-represented workers at 
Delco Remy America should be pleased 
with this fine, new agreement." the 
UAW said. 

The pact was reached early Saturday. 

four hours after a midnight Friday strike 
deadline expired. A strike would have 
disrupted the flow of starter motors for 
cars and light trucks to GM. Delco 
Remy's largest customer. 

Ratification meetings are set for next 
week, the union said. 

The contract is the first time Delco 
Remy has negotiated with the UAW 
since it was sold by GM to a man- 
agement group led by Harold Sperlich. a 
former Chrysler Corp. executive, in 
1994. The company had agreed to abide 
by the terms of the 1993-96 agreement 
until a new pact was reached. 

Three other GM spin-offs have 
already agreed to terms that either 

match or come close to the Big Three 
contract. Two did so only after they 
were threatened with strikes. 

Last month. American Axle & Man- 
ufacturing Inc. reached a new contract 
minutes before a strike deadline set by 
the UAW. In those talks. American 
Axle agreed to follow the Big Three 
pattern, which calls for lump-sum pay- 
ments of $2,000 in the first year and 3 
percent raises in the second and third 
years. The contracts also include a guar- 
antee to maintain employment at 95 
percent of the current work -force level 
over the life of the agreement and gen- 
erous improvements in pension ben- 
efits. (AP, Reuters) 



Troubled Banks 

Economists Warn of Looming Bad-Loan Crisis 


HO CHI MINH Cm’ — Top 
bankers and economists are warning 
that Vietnam's banking system faces a 
major bad- loan problem following a 
spate of failed property' speculation by 
domestic firms. 

In a series of interviews over the past 
week, banking executives and others 
painted a picture of an industry thar 
owed millions of dollars as a result of 
bad debts, and that was saddled with 
near-worthless collateral. 

They said a handful of companies had 
used influence and connections to se- 
cure huge multiple loans from both 
joint-stock and state-owned commer- 
cial banks to finance real estate deals 
during the early 3 990s. mostly through 
letters of credit. 

A property market downturn since 
1995 has left these companies and in- 
dividual lenders unable to repay the 
banks. The banks, in mm. were having to 
delay repayments on letters of credit 
because collateral on the loans was taken 
in the form of real estate, which is losing 
value and is tangled in the red tape of 
Vietnam's archaic land-ownership laws. 

“We should blame the property spec- 
ulators,” said an industry source who 
requested anonymity. * ‘They tried to cre- 
ate monopolies' in the real estate sector. 
They're the ones who should be paying 
the price now that it's gone wrong." 

Official figures were not available, 
but some bankers spoke of debt levels of 
around Si billion. An estimate by a 
senior banking executive put total over- 
due payments at around $500 million. 

“It's a serious problem.” said Tran 
Trong Do, banking operations director at 
the central State Bank of Vietnam. “Due 
to our poor experience in supervision, 
big problems have been caused for the 
national banking system." 

Economists and academics said that 
trouble has loomed in communist Vi- 
etnam's budding banking system for 
some time due to a number of short- 
comings, including lax management 

and corruption. 

.An indication of the problems arose 
in February when the Joint-Stock Com- 
mercial Bank for Private Enterprises 
came under scrutiny for extending the 
payment period under a letter of credit 
to South Korea's Ssangyong Corp. 

But economists said the problems at 
private banks such as the Bank for 
Private Enterprise paled in comparison 
to the level of debt at state-owned com- 
mercial banks. 

The Tai Chinh and Tbi Truong news- 
paper warned in early March that the 
problem had reached the point where 
state intervention was needed “imme- 
diately to save a chain reaction collapse 
of the whole banking system.” 

But an international economist in 
Hanoi played down the problem, saying 
the fundamentals of Vietnam's banking 
system remained reasonably healthy. 

"I think it’s too early at this stage to 
talk about it as a crisis.” he said. 

■ Toyota Pleads for License 

Toyota Vietnam said its local as- 
sembly plant in Hanoi may have to 
cease operation next month unless it 
receives an import license from the 
Ministry of Trade. Agence France- 
Presse reported from Hanoi, citing a 
local press report. 

“It's all the same to a government 
official if he decides on a request today 
or tomorrow, but for a company, it 
means money, gains and losses. ' ' Nguy- 
en Thanh Giang. deputy director of 
Toyota Vietnam, told the Vietnam In- 
vestment Review. 

Toyota reportedly sent its first request 
fora license in February, the paper said. 
However, the request came just days 
before a three-day visit to Vietnam by a 
high-level delegation of Japanese busi- 
nessmen of the Keidanren group, part of 
a delegation led by Japan’s deputy for- 
eign minister. Ogura Kazuo. 

Toyota started assembling cars last 
October in Vinh Phu province about 35 
kilometers (22 miles) from Hanoi. 

SUEZ: French Companies Said to Plan a Merger 

Continued from Page 11 

century to manage the Suez 
| Canal, indirectly controls an- 
" other utility, Tractebel SA of 
Belgium, through Societe 
Generate de Belgique SA, its 
63 percent-owned unit Ana- 
lysts said Suez might seek to 
place Tractebel under the con- 
trol of Lyonnaise, should the 
merger proceed. 

That would be fiercely re- 
sisted by the Belgian govern- 
ment. Prime Minister Jean- 
Luc Dehaene said this month 
that he was against any at- 
tempt to place Tractebel un- 
der die control of a French 

company. Tractebel controls 
Belgium's water, electricity 
and gas distribution. 

The decision by Renault 
SA, France's second-biggest 
carmaker, to close its Belgian 
plant at Vilvoorde has aroused 
antagonism among Belgian 
lawmakers and labor unions 
about French corporate dom- 
inance of Belgian companies. 

The Paris daily Le Figaro, 
noting that Suez's market 
capitalization was 45 billion 
francs, said Generate des 
Eaux was unlikely to launch a 
hostile takeover bid because 
if has 48 billion francs of debt 
and 30 billion of equity. It 

said Generate des Eaux was 
more likely to attempt to 
strike a deal through a share 
exchange or to block a Ly- 
onnaise-Suez merger by lin- 
ing up Suez shareholders to 
oppose it. 

Albert Frere. a Belgian 
businessman, owns 8 percent 
of Suez through Electrafina. a 
holding company. The insurer 
AXA-UAP has close to 8 per- 
cent. Credit Agricole has 7 
percent, and Banque Nationale 
de Paris has 5.5 percent. 

It is not known what parties 
Mr. Frere would back in the 
fight over Suez. 

( Bloomberg . Reuters I 

ISLE: Remote Location Spawns Telecommuting 

Continued from Page ZI 

Mr. Morrison’s slogan, em- 
blazoned on the service’s 
publicity material and its 
web site, is "live local, work 

■» ‘ Mr. Morrison has a chal- 
lenge: to entice companies 
across the world to consider 
outsourcing work to his string 
of Scottish islands. He 
stresses not die beauty and 
romance of the landscape, but 
the hard-edged business op- 

“I never go to a client and 
say ‘I’ve got a whole bunch of 
teleworkers in the Western 
Isles,’ " he says. “I’m here to 
provide a quality service. I’ve 
been a sales and marketing di- 
rector of a company for many 
years and I know I've got a 
product here I can market " 

He speaks optimistically of 
the opportunities to regeuer- 
k ate tire islands’ economy, 
r helped by current moves to 
upgrade to a fully digital local 
telecoms network. “We will 
create many more jobs, hun- 
dreds I think," he predicts. 

* Mrs. Macaulay left a good 
management accountant's 
job on the mainland to start a 
family and move with her 
husband back to bis home is- 
land. Like many on the is- 
lands, she is overqualified for 
much of the work available 
but says she is happy to live { 
where she does for the better 
quality of life. 

‘ ‘ We male a choice that we 
would bring up our kids in the 
islands.' ' she says. She is self- 
employed and paid on a by- 
the-job basis, typically earn- 

To oar readers 
in Lnxemhonffg 

It’s never been easier 
to subscribe and save. 

Just call toll free 

at 0800 2703 

nit utiMmit m »i«im 

ing about $12 an hour. Her 
personal computer is in heT 
living room and. before her 
two children return home 
from school, she gathers up 
the stack of newspapers and 
logs in to her E-mail service 
to send off the completed ab- 

But Mrs. Macaulay and her 
fellow islanders know that 
they cannot take their work 
for granted. Much of Infor- 
mation Access Co.'s abstract- 
ing work for its databases 
already takes place in the 
Philippines. In a world where 
technology allows people to 
live local but work global, the 

competition is worldwide, 
and wage rates elsewhere 
may be a lot lower than those 
paid in a developed country 
like Scotland. 

But Donnie Morrison is 
undaunted. His task, he says, 
is to ignore the low-paid and 
low-status work and seek the 
better paid, more complex 
contracts. “We go for the 
really difficult jobs." he 

For islands where earning a 
living has always been a 
struggle, it seems an appro- 
priate philosophy. 

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PAGE 16 



1 /. 5 . Financial Stocks Brace for Rate Increase 

Taking it to the Bank Funds yeara a BS a iey feve • 

have been among the top performers over tne ^ concerns. Here are 4 

suffered in recent weeks, mostly because of im a (ast Thursday. * 


By Carole Gould 

Sen York Times Service 

. YORK — Concerns about 
rising interest rates and increasing credit 
losses are posing a double whammy for 
some financial stocks. 

In the financial group, credit card 
issuers have suffered the most in recent 
days on news that more consumers are 


failing to pay their bills. The Advanta 
Corp. dropped a bombshell last week 
when it said it would post a loss in the 
first quarter because of its credit card 

Also last week, the First Chicago NBD 
Corp. told stock analysts that the prof- 
itability of its credit card business was 
declining. Even the shares of a longtime 
favorite. Banc One. have fallen more 
than 10 percent over the last 10 days. 

Will the latest news prove merely a 

blip on the screen? Or are financial 
stocks, which have been market leaders 
for several years, past their peak? The 
answer depends in large part on where 
interest rates and the economy are 

For investors in mutual funds, in- 
cluding diversified stock funds, the im- 
pact could be startling. Financial spe- 
cialty funds have topped the charts in 
recent years. 

The top performer in the group, Fi- 
delity Select Regional Banks, had an 
annualized return of 28.53 percent for 
the three years ended on Thursday and 
39.32 percent for the 12 months, ac- 
cording to Momingstar Inc., the fund 

In addition, many general stock funds 
that have beaten die Standard & Poor’s 
500-stock index have done so because 
of their heavy holdings in financial 

The Muhlenkamp fund, for example, 
has risen 5.37 percent this year and 

1 8.69 percent a year, on average, during 
the last three years, with more than half 
its assets in financial stocks. 

Though the financial group has been 
strong for some time, its performance 
has teen linked to certain cycles over 
the long haul. 

Financials encompass a wide range of 
industries — from brokerage firms to 
banks, insurers to leasing companies — 
but most are highly sensitive to interest 

Typically, when rates rise, the 
companies* costs also rise, causing 
earnings to suffer and share prices to 
fall. That is what happened in 1994. the 
last time the Federal Reserve raised 
interest rates. 

But the link between rates and share 
prices was broken in 1997. 

While the Fed resisted raising its key 
rates, inflation fears pushed up the rate 
on the bellwether 30-year Treasury bond 
to 7.25 percent from 6 percent. But 
stocks in the financial sector neverthe- 

less rose — to the surprise of many 
longtime market watchers. 

Since last summer, share prices of 
many financial stocks have risen 30 
percent to 40 percent. Now prices have 
become bloated, the concern goes, set- 
ting ihe stage fora possible correction in 
the sector. 

Credit losses, like those at Advanta. 
could be particularly difficult for fin- 

Perhaps more important, a sharp in- 
crease in rates now would take a big 
swipe at these stocks. 

And the Federal Reserve Board, at its 
scheduled open market meeting on 
Tuesday, might raise rates. 

Although various measures of infla- 
tion do not show a problem yet. many 
economists remain worried that rapid 
growth will cause inflation to spike up- 
ward and are urging the Fed to slow- 
down the economy before it becomes 

Ronald Muhlenkamp, manager of the 

suffered in recent weeks, mostly . beca V Se tl °m?^rouah last Thursday, 
the top 5 so far this year and their total returns * 9 4week 

1997 to date 1 y^i *1 — - — 

■ ■ »■■■■■ — - ~ ~~ _ ei '" nq 32 °'o 28-53% -2.74%’ 

Fidelity Select Regional Banks 10.48 ^ 

.. ■ 25-95 H.77, 

John Hancock Regional Banfc B . 8 . 8 ? r "**■ • 

oca 4 / 1 08 31.14 -4.52 

Fidelity Select Home Finance 8.63 

_• ■ - ft-ift":. 26:34 • 18.90 

-Century Shares 

31.14 -4.52 

8.18- ■ 

invesco Strategic Financial Sendees 7.88 


23.34 -4.39 . 

’Annualized, . 

Source: Momingstar Inc. 

i.> ** f* 

fund bearing his name, expects an over- 
all stock market correction of at least 10 
percent this year to deflate the swollen 
share prices of financial stocks. But he is 
not planning to sell any of his issues 
ahead of the price break. 

■'We monitor earnings versus earn- 
ings expectations, and financial stocks 
have been leading the group for several 
years.” Mr. Muhlenkamp said. “As 
long as earnings continue to exceed ex- 
pectations and prices are fair — which 
we think they are — we’re happy to hold 

the financial comTOnj^ 

But he expects the Federal Reserve fo 
raise short-term rates only a quarter ofa 
percent, if at all, because the latest fig- 
ures for the Consumer Price fodevand 
foe Producer Price Index show no sigfis t 
of runaway growth. "It Greenspan 
raises rates one-half percent. 1 d take^ 1 
fresh look." Mr. Muhlenkamp added- 
Notwithstanding interest rare wor- 
ries the financial companies are much 
stronger than they were several :years 
ago, be said. 

■: -I 




BAT Denies Seeking Legal Fund 

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f i ai/rd Kingdom 0 80 096 66 32 Vnlted States 18009945797 US-Tott i'oice*7U-37B~B020 ['S-ToUFax *71 4-3 76-8025 

I LONDON (Bloomberg) — BAT Industries PLC denied 
Sunday a press report that it was seeking to establish a S3 
billion fund with other tobacco manufacturers, both to combat 
and pay settlements for legal claims. 

The Sunday Telegraph said that BAT’s U.S- unit. Brown & 
Williamson was trying to create the fund and was "thought to 
have contacted” Philip Morris Cos., RJ. Reynolds and Lor- 
illand to seek their participation. 

Ralph Edmondson, a BAT spokesman, said foe company 
was not involved in establishing such a fund, and could not say 
if any other tobacco manufacturers were. "There is no basis 
for this story.” he said- "They have been misled by 

Nissan to Drop Ford Contract ' 

TOKYO (AFP) — Nissan Motor Co. will end an ar- 
rangement with Ford Motor Co. under which Nissan suppled 
Ford with sport-utility vehicles manufactured by hs Spanish 
subsidiary, foe Nihon Keizai Shimbun reported Sunday.-. ~ . 

The contract, under which Nissan provides four-wheel 
drive vehicles that Ford sells in Europe under foe Maverick 
brand name, will not be renewed in 1988. the daily said. I $ 


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Netscape and Novell in Venture 

WASHINGTON (WP) — Netscape Communications 
Corp. and Novell Inc. have agreed to form a joint company to 
coordinate efforts in developing software that runs business 
computer networks. 

The venture, to be called Novonyx. would make a special 
version of Netscape’s popular “enterprise server" software 
— which serves up information on foe Internet and internal 
corporate networks. The product would run on Novell's 
network operating software. 

The companies hope the new server will help them retain 
customers that might otherwise switch to Microsoft Corp. 

Broken Hill Shuts Papua Steel Plant 

SYDNEY (Bloomberg) — Broken Hill Proprietary Co. sajti 
Sunday it had closed its steel processing center in the capital of 
Papua New Guinea and evacuated - 10 to 15 employees and 
their families amid rising unrest in the country. , " 

"Our operations at the moment are shut down in Pori 
Moresby,” John Prescott, the company’s managing director, 
told foe’Nine Network’s "Business Sunday" program; - * 

Porsche Considers U.S. Plant 

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Thyssen-Krupp Talks Continue 

ESSEN. Germany (Bloomberg) — Talk 1 ; between Thyssen 
AG and Fried. Krupp AG Hoesch-Krupp continued Sunday ai 
a secret location amid conflicting accounts of progress tow'ard 
agreement on foe merger of their >tee! units. * 

FRANKFURT (AP) — Porsche is considering the coq- 
sanction of a U.S. car plant, hs chairman. Wendelin Wi editing 
said in an newspaper interview published Sunday. - - *. 

Porsche’s competitors BMW and Mercedes have plams-in 
the United States and Audi also is considering opening one 
there. ? 

"We see great chances in Europe, but also in the United 
States” Mr. Wiedking told Welt am Sonntag. "That’s -oijr 
biggest export market and the tendency of Americans to by- 
products made in their country is very big." He also said 

; ; r . ; 

*4. ; 

Porsche would be forced to reduce its temporary workforce in/ 


Germany in order to secure permanent joi 

"The negotiations continue.” said a Thyssen spokesman 
Rainer Hochscheid. * ‘While they are under way . the two sides 

nmmmunia m*tuhh 

have agreed to give no more derails." 
j Knipp last week suspended a hostile 1 3.6 billion Deutsche 
mark (SS billion i bid for all of Thyssen. "If there is no 
| agreement by Thursday. Krupp’s original bid remains valid." 
j said a Knipp spokesman. Klaus Pepperhoff. 

Korea Publisher Said Bankrupt 

SEOUL (AFP) — Koreaone Media Ltd. has filed for 
protection from creditors- after failing to honor bills of one 
billion won (SI. 13 million dollars), newspaper reported 
Sunday. Koreaone, one of the country's largest publishing 
houses, had come close to bankruptcy ou March 3, foe Korea 
Times said. The publisher was not immediately available for 
comment Sundav. . > 


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PAGE 18 



Dutch Fans Fight, 
Leaving One Dead 

CpwiMbjtOaSt^Fnwn Dhpathes 

BEVERWUK, Nether- 
lands — A Dutch soccer fan 
died and dozens were injured 
on Sunday in a prearranged 
battle between supporters of 
rival first-division dubs who 
used mobile telephones to 
outmaneuver the police. 

Hundreds of Ajax Amster- 
dam and Feyenoord Rotter- 
dam fans armed with baseball 
bats, clubs and knives 
streamed to a vacant area 
along the A9 highway near 
Amsterdam for a showdown 
ahead of Feyenoord 's match 
against A 2 Alkmaar. 

“One man is known to have 
died, but as yet I have no de- 
tails on the precise number of 
wounded,” a police spokes- 
man, Alfred Ellwanger. said. 

Witnesses said sticks, bat- 
ons and hammers were 
among the weapons used by 
the fans. Several cars were 
also set on fire. 

A number of injured Aj&* 
fans were left lying on the 
ground after the fight, which 
the police said lasted only a 
few minutes. Feyenoord fens 
loaded their injured into cars 

before driving away. 

Dutch radio said the dead 
fen was an Ajax supporter. 

The police said they knew 
the supporters planned die fight 
but were unable to prevent the 
bloodshed because the gang 
chose their battle ground at the 
last minute and spread the word 
by mobile phones. 

"We would have needed 
airborne troops to get be- 
tween them.” a local police 
chief said. 

The police defused a similar 
incident earlier this year when 
a prearranged battle between 
Feyenoord and Ajax support- 
ers broke out in north Am- 
sterdam. (AFP. Reuters) 

■ U.K. Inquiry Opened 

The English Football As- 
sociation launched an inves- 
tigation Sunday into an out- 
break of crowd violence at 
Saturday's first-division 
clash between Queens Park 
Rangers and Portsmouth. 
Agence France-Presse report- 
ed from London. Fighting 
broke out between rival fans 
ar the Rangers' Loftus Road 

Sevens in Hong Kong: 
More Ritual Than Sport 

. v** 

By Tim Noonan 

Special to the Herald Tribute 

Fiji Edges South Africa in Final 

p Flt 

"' r -V'V*- it 

_ Wsi lift 
/ *1 -* 

> &£ : ■ vy • v- tw 

100 days to go before Britain 
gives Hong Kong back to the 
Chinese, there was still 
enough time left to indulge a 
21 -year-old sports tradition. 

The Hong Kong Rugby 
Union Sevens, which ended 
or Sunday with Fiji bearing 
South Africa in the final, is 
more than just a sporting 
event. It is a social fixture in 
the British colony. 

This year the event broke 
with the invitational tradition 
to host the second World Cup. 

The first was won by England 
in Edinburgh in 1993. 

Fiji’s Marika VunSbaka speeding past a South African defender in Hong Kong final. 

Bayern, Without Klinsmann, Takes Bundesliga Lead 

Cn^3rdfrt OsrSuffFm t Dispachn 

Bayern Munich ended a turbulent 
week with a 2-0 victory at Karlsnibe 
on Sunday to take over the top spot in 
the German first division. 

Two goals from Alexander Zickler 
in the 30th and 90th minutes helped 
the Bavarians take a two-point lead 
after a week in which Juergen Klins- 
mann said he was leaving the club. 

Bayern leads VfB Stuttgart, which 
won by 4-0 at the struggling Forruna 
Duesseldorf on Friday, and Bayer 
Leverkusen, 2- 1 winners at Freiburg, a 
bottom club, on Saturday, by two 

Borussia Dortmund slipped to 
fourth, a further point behind after 
losing by 3-1 to Borussia 
Moenchengiadbach on Saturday. It 
was the reigning champions' first de- 
feat at home for more than a year. 

Klinsmann was unable to play in 
Sunday evening's game because of 
suspension and has been allowed to 
take a five-day holiday. 

Italy A Juventus defender. Paolo 
Monte ro. was sent off against Napoli 

on Sunday but his team held on fbr a 0- 
0 tie which increased its lead at the top 
of Serie A because Parma, in second 
place, lost by 1-0 at Fiorentina. 

Montero was shown the red card in 
the 37th minute for a foul that denied 
Nicola Caccia a clear run at goal. But 
Angelo Peruzzi’s goalkeeping spared 
Juve from defeat.. 

Parma’s run of four successive vic- 
tories was ended when the French 

Soccer Roundup 

defender Lilian Thuram deflected Rui 
Costa's shot past his own keeper. Gi- 
an Luigi Buffon. in the 33d minute. 

smiN Barcelona regained second 
place in die Spanish first division on 
goal difference from Real Beiis 
Sunday with an emphatic 4-0 victory 
over struggling Sevilla. 

Barcelona needed to win by two 
goals to overtake Betis. which beat 
Oviedo by 4-0 on Saturday. Ronaldo. 
Juan Pizzi. Luis Enrique Martinez and 
Oscar Garcia scored Barca's goals. 
Real Madrid maintained its nine- 

point lead over both sides thanks to 
two first half goals by Fernando 
Hierro in a straightforward 2-0 home 
triumph over Zaragoza. 

England A brilliant second -half 
free kick by Faustino Asprilla 
salvaged a point for Newcastle in a I- 
1 draw at Wimbledon on Sunday. 

Asprilla curled a shot from 25 yards 
over the defensive wall and into the 
comer of the Wimbledon net to cancel 
out Oyvind Leonhardsen’s first-half 
opener. Nevertheless. Newcastle is 
now 11 points behind the leader. 
Manchester United. 

Manchester United gained a 2-0 
victory at Everton Saturday with goals 
by Ole Gunner Solskjaer of Norway 
and the French star Eric Cantona. 

FRANCE Patrice Loko followed his 
hat-trick in the Cup Winners Cup in 
Athens on Thursday with the two 
goals that gave Paris St Germain a 2- 
0 victory over Metz on Sunday. 

Loko scored in the 20th and 24th 
minutes to keep PSG within seven 
points of Monaco, the leader, which 
beat Bastia by 3-1 on Saturday. 

U.S. Goalkeeper Dave Salzwedel 
kept a clean sheet during the game and 
then scored the winning shootout goal 
as the San Jose Clash beat the New 
York-New Jersey MetroStars. 1-0. 
Saturday in the opening march of Ma- 
jor League Soccer’s second season 
before 23,501. Salzwedel beat the 
MetroStars goalkeeper. Tony Meola. 
in the 11th round of the shootout, 
which the Gash won. 4-3. 

world cup Ronald Gomez scored 
in the 76th minute on Sunday to give 
Costa Rica a 3-2 victory over the 
United States in a World Cup qual- 
ifying game in San Jose. 

Hem an Medford gave Costa Rica a 
10th minute lead. Eric Wynalda 
leveled after 24 minutes, but Mauricio 
Solis gave the home team a 2-1 half- 
time lead Roy Lassiter leveled at 2-2 
but then Gomez scored the winner. 

The United States lies second in the 
six-team north and central American 
group behind Mexico and ahead of 
Costa Rica, but all three teams have four 
points and the United States has played 
one more game. \AP. AFP. Reuters I 

in Edinburgh in 1993. 

Sevens is a hybrid of tra- 
ditional 15-on-a-side rugby 
union. It is played on a reg- 
ulation rugby field by two 
teams of seven men. 

"Speed is of the essence in 
sevens rugby,’ * said Leo Wil- 
liams, chairman of the Rugby 
World Cup. "and part of the 
allure fbr the uniniti ated is the 
simplicity of the rules.” 

Williams says Hong Kong 
has become the Mecca of the 
Sevens. "Having this event 
here is simply a recognition of 
Hong Kong's role in the el- 
evation of the Sevens code to 
international celebrity 
status,” be said. 

In 1976. 12 teams con- 
tested the first Hong Kong 
Sevens invitational tourna- 
ment in front of a handful of 
fens. This year around 
120.000 spectators filed 
through Hong Kong stadium 
during the three day tourna- 
ment while viewers in 140 
countries watched 24 national 
teams compete on television. 

For the legion of interna- 
tionals living in Hong Kong, 
the Sevens have become an 
annual ritual of sport and rev- 
elry. complete with streakers, 
lager louts and flag waving 
patriots. Only recently has the 
action on the field matched 
that in ihe stands. Although 
local Chinese make up 97 per- 
cent of Hong Kong's popu- 
lation, they are mostly invis- 
ible during the Sevens. 

"The event does not 
arouse much interest with lo- 
cals.” said a Hong Kong na- 


HONG KONG — Lemeki Koroi ^ored rwo triesas- 
Fiji came from behind to edge South Afnc^.24-21 .fortte 
championship Sunday in the Rugby World Cup Sevens 

t0 TbeSouth Africans stunned the Fijians with two quick 
tries by Andre Venter in the first three minutes before a . 
capacity crowd of 40,000 at die Hoag Kong Football 
Stadium. Stephen Brink converted both fries-. ‘ 

With the South Africans smothering all Fijian attacks, 
it appeared that the Springboks were heading for a - 
convincing victory. But Fiji’s Marika Vurubaka stru ckip - 
the dying minute of the first half, narrowing the Sonar 
African lead to 14-7. - 

The Fijians, seven-time winners of the Hong Kong 
Sevens, surged ahead in the second half when Luke Er- - 
enavula scored a try. and Kori followed with two tries. - . 

Fiji’s captain. Waisale Serevi. the greacesr expo nentof • 
seven-man rugby, convened two of bis side's four fries. : . 

With a minute left. Brink scored a try. which he ? 
converted. But time ran out for the South Africans. ! 

Before the tournament. Serevi had promised the people - 
of Fiji that he would bring the Melrose Cup to the , 

In the semifinals. South Africa beat New Zealand, 31--' 
7, and Fiji beat Western Samoa, 38-14. ■ . -1 


tive, Andy Liu, a university 
administrator. "Most 

Chinese view it as a big drunk 
for foreigners." 

However. Peter Duncan, 
chairman of the Hong Kong 
Rugby Football Union does 
see some promising signs. 
‘ ‘We have a number of youth 
leagues which feature a nice 
mix of locals and expatriates 
and China now has close to 
one million people playing 
the sport." 

China was voted last week 
onto the International Rugby 
Board, made up of rugby 
playing nations. 

Stewart says China is com- 
mitted to seeing die Hong 
Kong Sevens prosper and 
nothing will change after the 
handover. - 

However, both the main 
sponsors of the event, Hong 
Kong Bank and Cathay Pa- 
cific. the airline, will be 
puQtng out of the Sevens in 

"We greatly appreciate' the 
exposure the tournament has 
afforded us. said Mike Broad- 
bent. head of group public 
affairs for Hong Kong Bank, 
"Our marketing strategy has 

evolved in different tfirec- f 
tions in recent years and wfe 
felt that after being involved 
in the World Cup this year, ft 
would be good time tb tier 

For many though, tbede- 
parture of two of the highest 
profile companies in the ter- 
ritory from the Sevens has 
ominous overtones. 

"They may try and put a 
positive spin on it.” said 
Nigel Marshall, a venture 
capitalist from England who 
Lives in Hong Kang.“Bat:ft 
shows a lack of faith in Bang 
Kong after 15197. This is a 
town which is built on status 
and few tilings carry the states 
that the Sevens do. Many 
people find it hard to believe 
that companies who aretnak- * 
ing huge profits would, sut^-/ : 
denly find the most viable 
event in Hong Kong not 
worthy of support.” ' 

"I think this event may 
have peaked in the last couple 
of years.” • Marshall said. 
"The international commcr- 
nity is what made this event 
great and more and more you 
see a great deal of uncertainty 
in that group.” • 

k(i Sta 



Exhibition Baseball 


Florida &anclnnatf 5 

Houston 4. Atlanta 3 
St. Louis TO, Philadelphia 0 
Pittsburgh & Minnesota 3 
Kansas aty 3. Oe-reioitriZ 
Toronto 10. Texas 4 

San Francisco L Chicago Cubs 5. 10 Innings 

San Diego 1 l Milwaukee 5 

Oakland 14 Seattle 4 

Chicago White Sox 4. Boston 1 

New York Yankees 4, Detroit 3 

Colorado Id Anaheim 5 

Baltimore 1 1. M. Y. Mets4,5Y, Innings rata 

Los Angeles vs. Montreal at West Palm 

Beach. Fla, cctf. rain 

Montreal 9, Atlanta 2 
Florida 4. Los Angeles 3 
Cincinnati & Houston 3 
Cleveland 9, PtiHadetpNa 7 
SL Louis 2, Boston! 

Pittsburgh 11, Chicago White Sax 7 
Detroit 11. Kansas aty 6 
Texas 15. Minnesota $ 

New York Yankees X Toronto 0 
Baflfmore 7. New York Mets 3 
San Diego 4, Chicago Cubs 3 
Seattle (ss) 11 San Francisco (ssl 3 
Milwaukee 8. San Fraadsca (ssl 1 
Seattle (ss) 1 1, Oakland 7 
Anaheim & Colorado 4 






























Son Antonio 











x- Seattle 




j-L-A. Lakers 










LA. COppen 















Golden Stale 





x-dindted playoff spot: 

rani ay’s umus 


NBA Standings 










x- New York 















New Jersey 















cemuu. DIVISION 








































mowest division 

Orlando 29 30 26 19— IN 

Boston N 23 29 19- 99 

O: Hardaway 9-1 S 6-7 27. Seiko ly 7-16 3-4 
1 7, Armstrong 6-10 3-3 1 7s B: Walker B-24 3-4 
19. Wesley 7-18 3-3 19. Retaunds-Ortando 
42 (Grant. Seiko ly 1 1 1. Boston 60 (WaBter 21). 
Assists— Orianda 24 (Armstrong 6). Boston 
16 (Walker 5). 

Charlotte 26 27 26 23-102 

Toronto 27 22 30 18— 97 

C Rice 10-24 5-8 27, Boguos 6-1 1 2-2 1 7; T: 
Stoudamire 10-18 7-9 29. Comby 5-1 16-916. 
Rebounds— Charlotte 48 (Mason. Ohiac 10). 
Toronto 36 (Comby 16). AssWs-Chaitotte 14 
(Bogues 4), Toronto 23 (Christie 9). 

New Jersey 33 32 21 24—118 

PMadelpNa 27 28 28 29-112 

NJ- GQ1 12-20 6-B 33. Cassefl 10-176-628; 
P; Stockhouse 8-21 13-15 31. Williams 9-15 2- 
2 20. Rebounds— New Jersey 37 

(Massenburg 8), Philadelphia 57 (Coleman 
12). Assists— New Jersey 23 (Cassell 6), 
PhUodetphIa 29 (Coleman 9). 

LA. Lakers 21 28 24 24— 97 

Mkasl 33 20 14 29 — H 

LAi Campbell 8-19 8-19 24. Van Esei 6-19 
1-2 2(3 M: Lenard 6-1 73-4 2& Masftbum 7-T 1 
5-8 21. Haidoway 7-22 2-3 21. 

Rebounds— Las Angeles 54 (Campbell 12), 
Miami 45 (Austin 1 1 >. Assists— Lire Angeles 
1? (Van Exel 11), Miami 25 (Hardaway, 
Mash bum 7). 

Oates 17 19 25 11-72 

Attantn 26 25 24 18- 93 

O: Bradley 6-16 5-6 1 7, Harper 4-13 2-2 11; 
A; Blaylock 6-12 3-4 20 LoeffnerP-ISM 18. 
Rebounds— Da Has 30 (Walker 7). Atlanta 38 
(Mutombo 18). Assists— Dallas 18 (Wtrftoa 
Fade 5). Atlanta 22 (SLSmtm 8). 

Minnesota 27 19 30 22— 98 

Detroit 33 32 25 22-112 

M: GugBotta 6-15 6-7 l& Garnett 7-18 2-2 
lfc D: H» 7-13 8-11 22 Thorpe 7-11 6-10 20. 
Rebeuids— Minnesota 50 (Garnett, 
Gugltatta 9), Detroit 47 (Kill 11). 
Assists— Minnesota 25 (GugDofta 7). Detroit 

29 (HUI 101. 

Chicago 26 26 33 32-117 

Iptfiara 19 28 24 27— 98 

C Jordan 11-25 13-14 36, Pip pen 5-1) 7-9 
18; I: Smlts 9-17 2-2 2a MiUer 5-17 6-6 18. 
Rebounds— Chicago 5o (Rodman 19). 
Indiana 38 (Smlts 6). Assists— Chicago 26 
(Pip pen 8). Indtana 28 (Jackson 101. 

Denver 29 28 20 24—101 

Vancouver 34 26 15 23—108 

D-.McDyes59-18 7-829. 0.EMs8-22 7-7 26i 
V: Reeves 14-24 3-4 31. Abdur-Rohlm 9-19 6- 
7 24. Rebounds— Denver 51 (Johnson 14). 
Vancouver 55 CAbdwr-Rohim 14J. 
Assists— Denver 25 (Thompson 8), 
Vancouver 28 (Anthony 12). 

SanABtanfo 28 24 28 21 9-ITO 

Sacramento 26 19 26 38 13—114 

S -A; WRklns 10-2310-1 1 31, Del Negro 9-16 
4-4 25; 5: Richmond 9-22 9-10 2& WnSomson 
7-13 3-3 17. Rebounds— Son Antonio 41 
(Perdue, Fefck 7), Sacramento 59 (Smith. 
Polyita 13). Assists — Sen Antonio 19 
(Atexnnder 111. Sacramento 24 (Abdul- Raul 
6 ). 


Golden State 20 17 30 22 4- 93 

arartato 26 23 23 17 11—100 

G5j smith 14-26 2-2 31. Mutlln 7-126-622; 
C Rice 9-21 5-5 24, Curry 9-14 0-0 21. 
Rebounds — Golden state 53 (Smith 151, 
Charlotte 49 (Dhroc 12). AsMsts-Goiden 
State 18 ttpreweti 9), Charlotte 30 (Bogues 
12 ). 

POTtktad 24 32 23 25-104 

Washington 28 27 24 29— IN 

P: Rider 389-17 9-9 28. Wallace 9-14 6-8 SL- 
IM Webber 8-178-10 25 SMdckmd 4-13 14-18 
22. Retwrads— Portend 55 CWotece 10], 
Washington 46 (Webber 12). 
Assists— Portland 17 (Anderson 9), 

Washington 2* (Strickland 11). 

PhoMbC 27 29 25 23—104 

Houston 30 26 24 19- 99 

P: Chapman 10-16 2-2 27, KJohnson 8-17 
3-4 21; H: Otofrrwnn 18-313339, Dreider6-?8 
2-2 17. Rebounds — Phoenix 46 (Mdd 10), 
Houston 54 (WUQs ID. Assists— Phoenix 33 
(KWd 15). Houston 30 (DnsderlU. 

Oevetand 21 21 14 19— 75 

Didtas 19 15 21 17— 72 

C HB 8-14 8-12 7A. Ferry 7-19 0-0 16; O; 
Ftafey 6-17 9-10 22 Hoiper 6-13 2-2 It 
Retooads — Oevefand $9 (HD 18), Dallas 53 
(Green 14), Assists— CL 1 8 (Sura 8), Deltas 10 

New York 22 18 23 16- 79 

MRwauhM 27 21 22 18— 89 

N.Yj Ewtog 1 1-20 3-4 25. Johnson 6-1 J 3-4 
15; Ate GWam 10-16 04) 2a Baker 7-15 2-2 It 
Robin-son 6-18 4-4 16. Rebounds— New York 
41 (Otddey )2>. M? woufcee «2 (Baker 12). 
Assists— Hew York 16 (Childs 6}. Mawoukee 
19 (Douglas 8). 

Uatrott 21 21 26 20- 88 

Chicago 37 15 30 21—103 

D: HD 5-14 6-1 1 It Thorpe 5-11 4-7 1* C: 
Plppen 11-20 3-4 3t Jordon 8-20 4-4 23. 
Rebounds— Detroit <2 (Reid 8). Chicogo 6c, 
(Rodman 18). Assists— Detroit 15 (Hill B1. 
Chicago 30 (Jordan 7). 

L-A. COppers 26 17 25 26- 94 

Utah 30 34 24 19—107 

LA^Seoly 6-165-5 19. Rogers 8-13 0-1 18; 
U; Molone 9-13 2-6 2tt Stockton 8-13 3-5 19. 
Rebounds— Los Angeles SO (Vaught 8), Utah 
SB tOsmiiog 14). Assists— Los Angeles 20 
(Bcxry, Richardson 4). Utah 7< (Stockton 

Sacramento 18 29 27 25- 99 

Seattle 27 34 24 28-112 

5; Richmond 8-21 66 25, Afidut-Rouf 8-16 
2-2 21; 5: Hawkins 5-10 11-12 22 Kemp 5-13 
6-8 It Rebounds— Sacramento 43 (Smith 
11). Seattle 46 (Hawkins 8). 
Assists— Saanmento 20 (Smffli «). Seattle 23 
(McMMtan 6). 





NCAA Tournament 



Louisville 7& Texas 63 
North CaroOna 61 CaBtomlo 57 

Arizona 85. Kansas 82 
Providence 71. Tennessee-Onttonooga 65 

Minnesota 80, UCLA 72 

Kentucky 72 Utah 59 

NCAA Women’s 

W L T 




1- Philadelphia 

40 21 11 




x-New Jersey 

39 20 13 





33 24 17 




N.Y. Rangers 

34 30 9 





29 36 B 




Tampa Boy 

28 37 7 




NX Islanders 

25 36 11 





W L T 





38 23 11 





34 31 7 





26 33 14 





27 35 10 





24 33 1 5 





24 40 9 






W L T 





43 23 6 





34 22 15 





35 34 5 




SI. Louts 

31 32 9 





28 32 12 





26 41 6 





W L T 




x -Colorado 

45 18 9 





33 22 7 





30 21 11 





31 35 8 





30 39 4 




Los Angeles 

26 38 9 




San Jose 

24 41 7 




x-CflncheiJ ptayuB spefc 



Connection 78. Illinois 73 
Tennessee 75, Cokxodo 67 

George Washington 54 North Carolina M 
Noire Dome 87. Alabama 71 

Stanford 91, Virginia 69 
Georgia 6t Vanderbilt 52 

Otd Dominion 62 L5U 49 
Florida 71, Louisiana Tech 57 

National Invitation 

Connecticut 7t Nebraska 67 



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Sup '97 



Detroit 1 0 P-1 

N.Y. Rangers 1 1 1—3 

First Period; New York. Messier 35 
(Groves, Leetch) 2 D-LMsbum 14 (Kozlov. 
McCarty) (pp). Secud Period; New York, 
Courtnol 11 (Eastwood) (sh). TRW Parted: 
New York, Gretzky 22 (TlkkonerO Stats ou 
gota D- 10-16-8-34. New York 12-11-8-31. 
GodRes; 0 -Osgood- New York, Heoty. 
Buffalo 0 2 2-4 

Washington 0 1 0—1 

Ftaf Parte* None. Second Porte* B- 
Hotdnger 22 (Galley, Audettel (pp). 2 W- 
Bondrc 43 (Plvonta). Johansson) 2 B-Dawe 
21 (Pecn, Ward) Third Porto* B-Dawe 22 
(Peat SraetifBO 5. B-Peca 19, (sh-enl teats 
ue guc* B- 3-4-5-12 W- 12-8*11— 31. 
GaaBei: B-Shlefds. W-RartonL 
Hartford 0 e 0-0 

Dotes ■ 1 1— 2 

First Period; None. Second Petto* D- 
Bassenl (Kennedy) ThM Perio* D-Zubav 
13 (Irbel Stats on goal: H- 6-5-5— 1L D- 6-10- 
9-25. GaoBes: H-Burke. D-dba 
AmMe 1 2 0—3 

Coterada a 1 5-4 

Pint Perio* A-Kartya 35 (Mironov. 
RuceMfl) (pp). Seared Perio* c-Ozoduh21 
(Kamensky, SokJc) (pp). 3, A-Kortya 36 
IMbonow DalgneouD) 4 A-Setanne^TMrd 
Porte* C-Deadmonti 31 (Kamensky. 
Fanberg) 6. c*Karnensfcy 22 (Forsbera 
Lomteux) (pp). 7. C-Foreborg 22 

(Doodmarsh. Gusarov) Stats aa goat A- 7-7- 
5—19. C- 11-6-16—31 G Bates: A- Hebert. C- 

Tampa Bay 1)17-4 

Ccfoary 1 2 8 8-3 

First Perio* r-Grotten 25 (Norfnrv 
Ysaboart] (pp).2 C-AlbeBn 4 (DomotddieA 
Mifien) (pp). Seared Perio* c-DoroenJchea 
3 (McCarthy. Word) LC-TBw 21 (Mlllen) 5, 
T-Se0wnov 14 (Cullen. Bum ThW Park* 
T-Burr 13 (Cullen) Overt me 7, T-Tprns 2 
IPouOn) Stats u goofe T- 9-11-17-4— 41. C- 

| 168-7—25. GtMdtas: T-Taborucd. Schwab. 

1 c-Kldd. 

Ottawa 2 2 1—5 

Bestea 2 8 2—4 

Rnf Perio* B-Roy 7 (Been, Dtoiato) z O- 
, Duchesne 14 (Yashin AHradsson) (pp). 2 
O-Ouchesne 15 (Laukkanen Alfredsson) 
(pp). 4 B-Corter 7 tstumpet T^ereeney) 
(pp). Secsad Petto* O-McEachetn 8 
(Yashin GdrAwr) & O-Owske IS 
(Dudieann. Bonk) TkW Peris* O- Yashin 
32. (Me go che m Gonteeri & B-Rahtoft 3 
(5tumpei. Dfenaki) (pp). 9, B-. srumpel 17 
IGtmoto) State on gout O-9-lM— 28. B- 10- 
B-13-31. Goafles: O-Tugnutt. B -Corey, 

New Jersey 9 1 2—3 

Plttiburgb 1 1 9-2 

FW Ported; p-Rodie5 (Bomes, Johnson) 
Soesod P orto* P-John&on 12 (Borneo. 
Loroux) % NJ.-Androydiuk 2& (Thomas. 
Nfedormoyeri TWtd Period NJ.-EBefl 6 
(Gflmow, Guerin) & KJ.-HolE 19 
(AndreycDuk, Medamayeri teds on goat 

NJ.- ^8-13-25. ?- 5-1 1-5-21- GoOtas: 
wj.-crose-.T. P-LsSne. 

Pbtedripbio 3 8 0 0-3 

N.Y. [standees 0 12 8-3 

Ffast Perio* P-C=Jtev« ;Renbr* UndresJ 
2 ?-_eair 47 •.Nf.irsncn Praspefi (pp).l P- 
Lsosj 7 :5v nh o ca . Droce) tpol. Second 
Perio* New Yan Jcascn 3 (SmoEnsU 
P=Stel (col. Third Perio* New York. Serluzzi 
i (Groen Anderssc ni ^ -lew Ycd. Lapointe 
■■0 ( v.cCabe; OrerlWe: Net*. Snots an got* 
P- 11-13-5-0-29. New York 10B-7M-3a 
GocOet ?-5ncw. Ne/> Yort. Soto. 

Buffalo 0 ] 1—2 

Florida 1 2 9—3 

First Perio* r-.Vteilcnay 26 (Cartner, 
Undvyj Second Perio* S- Satan is 
(SmeMiK Ptamej 3. F-Sheppard 28 (Muller. 
Svettta) (po;. 4 F-. Dvorak 17 (Sheppard) 
Third Perio* 3-Mc<ee l (Satan) Stats on 
90afc B- 3-5-10 — 18. F- 17-8-7—32- Goafies: 
B-Shie(ds. F- Vcnb lest muck. 

Washingtoa 1 2 O—J 

Montreal 0 0 1—1 

First Perio* w-ToaJiet 19 (Cote. WB1) 
Second Perio* W-Tocchet 20 (Oates) 1 W- 
KanowolChuk 14 CMIUer. Wee) (sh). Third 
Perio* M-Rudnsky 25 (Bure. Damphousse) 
Stats on goal: W- B-5-7— 20. M- 6-14-9—29. 
Goalies: W-Ronferd. M-Thlbaulr. 

Phoenbr 1 1 1—3 

Toronto 0 0 0—0 

First Perio* Phoenix, Lemfeux l (Wng, 
Staptetanl Second Porto* Phoenix. Roenlck 

24 (Ranning) Third Period Phoenix, Roertck 

25 Stats on goto: Phoenix 138-23— *4. T- 12- 
7-14—31 GooBes: Phoenix. KhabibuOn. T- 

San Jose 0 0 1—1 

Las Angeles 1 1 0—2 

Firs! Perio* l_A_-Yochroenev 8 
(OVartnelL Tsyptakov) (pp). Socood Perio* 
LA.-Lotoyette 1 (SitevaSer, Norstrom) (sh). 
Third Pato* S j.-Fttesen 26 (Kadov) Stats 
on Book SJ-- 11-11-13-35. LA.- 13-J-8— 25. 
GooBes; S J.-Beffour. LA-Dafbe. 

TtanpaBoy 0 1 1—2 

Vancouver 1 2 0-3 

Rnrt period V-GoTirxxs 28 (Noonan 
Stools) Second Period T-Grottan 26 
(ZomunerJ- 1 V-Aucoln 4 (MogBny, 
Bohonos) (pp). 4, V-. Naskmd 16 (Bohonos) 

Shizuoka Open 

Rnel Imtag ecotm Sunday In the 100 
million yon (db» 813,000) DyOo Drinco 
SMzuoka Open gaBtMonomonraltta *886- 
yxrt (*26*netoT). pxn72 Shizuoka 
Country Honwota Come M Ogass. Jopn 
(JopanoM nntoas apoeHtad): ‘ 

Souttuaptan Z LdceStaZte 
Sunderland 1, Notflnghcnn Ftxesn . 

■ e Manchester 41. a Liverpool 
57. Arsenal 57, Newcastle 52 A. VBta 5* 
Ottbea 49, Sheffield W. 49, WtaiMedOR 4* 
Leeds *1, Tottenham 39, LelceiJw 39. BloCk- 
bum 3* Everton 36. Oerby 3& West Han 31 
Sundertand 32 AAlddesbnwgti 31, Coventry 
30. N. Forest 30, Southampton 27. 

Hisoyuid Sasaki 
C. Franco, Puiuyuoy 
Ryoken Kowcgfshr 
KeiJj Teshtax: 
YDsMaka Yamamoto 
KeHriita Fukabori 
F.Mlmaa Philippines 
Katsunari Takshashl 
SMgemaso HigaM 
Srngekl Moruyama 
Toshfmttsu Cowo 

71 -67-68-68 — Z74 

70- 73-67-69—279 

71- 71-7069—281 

Turespana Masters 

Ftaal round scores and totals hi the 
Turespona Masters at ihe Maspatomas Golf 
aub on Sunday m Maspatomas. Gran 
Canaria. Spain: 

J.-NLOtazabal (Spa) 
I- Westwood Eng. 

P. Broadhursfc Eng. 
E. Romero, Argentina 
J.Coceres. Argentina 

0. Borrego. Spain 

1. Ganldn Spain 
L Feflu, Spain 

R. Goasen, S Africa 

72636871— 274 
69726768 - 276 
7870 6769 — 276 
70697068— 277 
6771 65 74 — 277 
70726868 — 278 
73697067— Z79 
69 716970 — 279 


World championship 


1. Toro LtoirtsXL U.5* 25 

2 Mldiene Kwan. in 

3. Vonesss GusroeroO. France, 5D 

4. Irina Slutskaya. Russia 6M 

Borcetono Ateudta 0 


Athleflc Bfltao 1 CBmooMM 2 

Extiemaduro 2 Tenerife 0 

Real AtadridZ Zaragoza 0 

Deportvo Coruna 2 RodngSaittonder) - % 

Hercules 1, Espanyoi 2 

Real Beds 4 Oviedo 0 

CMto Vigo 1 Real Soriedodl ■ 

hmnch nest onrasMM 

Parts St Germato 2, Metz 0 
Norites l.UtleO 
Lyon 2 Le Havre l 
Nancy 1. Bordeaux 1 
Cannes 1, Rennes 0 
Gulrtgamp 2 Strasbourg 1 


FC Votondom 2, ftoda JC Keritrade ) 

Alkmotu-0, Feyenoord Rotterdam 2 
FC Twento Enschede 2 Nijmegen 0 
Fortuna Sltmrd Z Sparta Rrdtentom 1 
PSV Eindhoven a Heerenveen I 

FC Groningen 2 Bredo 2 

RKC Wdatwqk 1, Atax Amsterdam 2 

■muan pout Mvmoir 


Fkwrittno 1, Prama 0 . v 

Inter 2 Veronal 

Napoli a Juventus 0 

Perugfa 1 Cogttofl 2 

Ptocemn z Sampdoria 2 

RegptonaQ, UdlneseO A 

Vicenza a Lazio 2 - T 

Juventus 49. Pam» 42 ttterdl, 
Smnpctata 4ft Botogna 38. Lazio 37, Mflan3L 
«xrw K, AWraita 35. Florentine 34 Vtanto 
34 Udlnese 32 NapoR 32 Placenta 22 Pfr- 
n*3ta 2L Cog6rt23. Regtfm W Vereno W. 

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on goat T- 15-116—32. V- 5-9-8-22 
GaaitaE T-Schwota ToSorocd. V-HVsch. 


6. Loetttia Hubert France, KL5 

7. Kriszttrw Czaka, Hungary, 105 
& JuJIo Lowtowa Austria I1J 
9.YUO0 Lovrandn*. Ukraine. 1L5 
la Eva-Maria Rtz» Germany, 17D 

C r c L I NG 


SUtalAY. M TOTM. miLY 


1. Oenntu Tutu, Emiapia,20 miiL, S3 sec2 
Paula RcrdcJHte. Brttoia 2(kSL 2 Goto Woirt, 
Eihlepta. 91*0. 4. Julia Vaguera Spain. 
21*1.5. SoHr BorsosJa Kenya 21*5. & Mer- 
una Denbaba Ethtapfa. 21:18. 7, Cathertna 
McKteman, Ireland. 2120. & Naomi Muga 
)>nya 2123. 9, Sonia 0'SufSvan. Ireland, 
2105.1 a Jone Omora Kenya, 2129. 

tv hi ■ijiii«Uiiixi 1, Elhtepta. 24 points 2 
Kenya 34 3. iretand 64. 

1. Oksana GittsdwtoE. Ptaov, Rua. 2* 

2 Aniefta KrytenVO. Ovstanolkov, Russ. A0 

3. Shae-Lynn Bowneh/ldorKraati Con. 58 

4. SopWe MordrttefPascot Lmranchy, 82 

5. Marina ArtssJno/GwHndal Petznrm. Fr. 98 

6. EHsobeth PumakuW. SwateK U^, 12J) 

7. irfcm Loboctwvn/Wyo AverbuUv Russ. 148 
8- Ktno Romanorafl. Yarashankn, Ukr. 168 
9. Barbara Fusor-PoUfM. MargogBa It. 18J 
)0i M. DroUazkorP. Vamgos, LMu 192 

1. BBi Zobefc Germ. Deufsriie Telekom stc 

hmn 57 nWnutes 47 seconds, ZAtaartaai It. 

E csiria 1 ““Bio Conte It. Salvia .4. 
Francesco Cosogronde, it, Soeca S. Mldieto 
Bortoft It, AAagBfldo MG) 6. MIrko Cetestea 
h- Pote 7. Serpei Uctatov. ukr. PcSTrS 
Sotonsea Den. Rabobank. 9. Andrea Fta- 
rilfota, ft. Roslotte 10. Androa Ho&i It, Asia 

(ad same Hme as winner). 

rugby union 

World Cup Rugby SevdA 


pafeA-7-7- 1. Pam Tergat Kenya 35 mta II sec. 2 
k-Hobart. c- Salati Hissaa Marocxn 35:11 3. Ttaraos 
Nyarikl Konya 2&2D, 4. Pool Koech. Kenya 
1 1 1—4 3523. S. Mofwmmod Mourtt Belgium, 3SS3S. 

4 8 8-3 6. Bernard oormssak Kenya 3535, 7. Joseph 

5 ( Norton, KTtar, Kenya 35J7, & IsmaU Sghlr. Morocco, 
vnorddiete 35S4, 9. Judo Rey. Spate 3i57. ULKhofld 
oraenfcJtea Boutorrrt, Morocco, 15 J9 

1 (Mlllen) 5. Thb ■tamangx 1. Kenya 51 pointv 2 
iH Perio* Morocao 7a 1 Ethiopia 125. 

, T-Tpms 2 JIMIMWOMMl 

76— 41. C- 1. Rosa Koskel Kenya I4J8. 2 PrtsCD Je- 

a Schwab, ptetfng. Kenya 1<S9. a Ayofech Worka 
Ethiopia 1^2. 

,rs tam at xn dte ax. I, Kenya 15 potots. % 

2 2 1—5 JOpan 38.1 Ethiopia 39. 

2 8 2—4 WIBOAIttM 

imaiolZO- 1. ElDoh Kartr, Kenya 24 mtautea 20 sec- 
jn) (pp). 2 2 Million Wbtde, Ethiopia 24J& X 

yfrttfcsonJ PoulKosgol Kenya 2429. 
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whem 8 Ettdapta. 31. 3, Marocca 74. 


Costa Rtca a United Stoles 2 
orre * iy». Mexico 4 pews. U.S. 4. Costa 
Rico 4. Jomolco 1. El Sotirador a Canada 0 

Nepal 1, Macon 1 
Oman a Japan I 

midtau*. Japan 3. Moon l, Henti 1. 
Oman 0. 

F®sa South Korea 0 
Western Samoa 21, England 5 
5oulti Africa 19, France 14 

New Zealand 38. Austrafla 12 


™ 3^ WeaeiH Samoa 14 
South Africa 31, New Zealand 7 


I s ? 2s, South Africa 21 

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South Africa: 384 
AiHtrnBa: 227 and 96-4 

India: 210 an out 

4/jBover Leverkusen 47, Bar. Dortmund 4a 
Scttafto 04 37. Bochum 36, Kortvwiw 3. 

18«MunWi34.Cotegmr3a WentaBwiS 

32 Aroibria Bielefeld 30. HamburgS^ 
Moendimgtadbach 29, Duisburg 21 


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Blackburn a, Aston vnto2 
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Derby 4, Tottenham 2 
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PAGE 19 

♦ Minnesota Busts 
Into Final Four 

For First Time 

By J A. Adande 

■ WnAIwgKHt Pcgi Service 

■University of Minnesota has 
•reached the'Hnal Foot of the 

h fest tim^^^aring^UCLA. 


* The Gophers will play the 
[defending champion Uni- 
versity of Kentucky in a na- 
tional semifinal Saturday in 
■ Inriianap nlis: 

; But don’t expea Min- 
nesota to change the formula 
that brought it 31 victories in 
34 games and proved to be 

guard Toby Bailey (2 1 points) 
played the entire game. 

The Bruins' lack of depth 
was exposed even more be- 
cause Jelani McCoy, their 6- 
foot, 9-inch (2.06 meter) cen- 
ter, was limited to 13 minutes, 
three in the second half, be- 
cause he was bothered by a 
bruised sternum be suffered 
in a second-round game. 

The Gophers took advan- 
tage of McCoy's absence and 
took few outside shots; 24 of 
their 33 shots in the second 
half came from the lane. Min- 
nesota made 21 of its 26 free 
throws, while UCLA conver- 

I. - * t. 

Huskies Fight Off 
Determined Illinois 

Connecticut Will Face Tennessee 
For Place in Women 9 s Final Four 

. _ .*£& rsSrtfi-u . •*- . 

’worthy again Saturday — ted II of 15. The Gophere 
[even after felling behind by also had the rebounding edge. 

•10 points early in the second 38-2$. A disconsolate Raef La Fr 

■halt They get points from a Bobby Jackson, a guard 
variety of sources, work the who scored 36 points against 

[hall inside and play everyone Clemson on Thursday, led the game. He started and played 
.sitting between the coaches Gophers with 18 points. The 23 minutes, making few slat- 
land the student man a g ers. reserve swingman Quincy isticaJ contributions (no 

% 0!j jV 

• •. r 
• ; : •• 

• i«as- 

’ “ • * — !C*5 jj* 

Lui Ktriumbm/nv .\Mcwlnl Frr»# 

A disconsolate Raef La Frentz, after Kansas was eliminated from tbe NCAA tournament by Arizona, S5-82. 

•and the student managers. 

Both teams felt the linger- 
ing fatigue from their over- 
time (doable-overtime, in 
Minnesota's case) victories in 
the regional semifinals. But 
Clem Haskins, Minnesota's 
coach, substituted liberally: 
nine Gophers played 10 
minutes or more, and only two 
played more than 30. By con- 
trast, five Bruins played a total 
of 176 of the 200 minutes 

“We started to get a little 

Lewis scored 15 points, in- 
cluding 10 in a four-minute 
run in die second half when 
the Gophers rallied from a 
nine-point deficit to take the 
lead. The reserve forward 
Charles Thomas had 14 
points, as did Sam Jacobson, a 
starting forward. 

“They paid a lot of atten- 
tion to me and Sam,'* said 
Jackson, who also had a team- 
high nine rebounds. “But 

isticaJ contributions (no 
points, two assists) but play- 
ing tough defense on the 
UCLA point guard Cameron 
Dollar, who missed 7 of 10 
shots and committed six 

' ‘He showed so much lead- 
ership out there today, we 
knew we had to step it up and 
play up to our capabilities.’’ 
Jackson said. 

about iL Lavin shed the in- 
terim title and signed a four- 
year contract on Feb. 1 1. So 
his eyes welled up as the 
game drew to a close. 

“This is a special group," 
Lavin said. “A real special 

And Haskins, the Min- 
nesota coach, said he was “on 
top of the world," even though 
he actually was on top of a 
ladder, cutting down the net 
and whirling it over his head. 

Arizona Gets Revenge 
Against No. 1 Kansas 

winded and they continued to everybody on this te*m can 
posh it and bring in fresh bod- score." 

: " J /T J- _ n - ■ . 

ies,” said Charles O'Bannon, 
a senior forward for the Bru- 
ins who had a team-high 22 

While the Bruins missed 
McCoy, the Gophers got a lift 
from Eric Harris, the point 

.points but only one in the last guard who had sprained his 
eight minutes. He and the right shoulder in the Clemson 

A 12-game winning streak. “1 was on a high." he said, 
ended for UCLA, which Saturday should be equally 
ended the season at 24-8. So emotional for Haskins. A na- 
did the resurgence it enjoyed rive of Carapbellsville, Ken- 
tissed under Steve Lavin, an assist- tucky, and an all-state high 
t a lift ant coach who was given the school player, be played at 
point interim job when Tim Harrick Western Kentucky before the 
d his was fired Nov. 5 for falsifying University of Kentucky re- 
mson an expense report and lying cruited blacks. 

Shaq Stays Away as Magic Crush LA 

. The Associated Press 

ShaquiUe O’Neal was a no- 

show at Oriando Arena where 
his new team, the Los Angeles 
Lakers, was embarrassed by 
his old club, 1 10-84, Sunday. 
. Penny Hardaway and Nick 
Anderson paced the Magic 
with 21 points apiece. The 
Lakers missed 20 of 24 shots 

NBA Roundip 

in the quarter and fell behind 
by 17 pants. They never got 
back into contention. 

brief altercation that resulted 
in three technical fouls. 

Sum 104, Rockets 99 Rex 
Chapman scared 27 points, 
and his jumper from just in- 
side the 3-pomt line with 40 5 
seconds left cemented 
Phoenix’s fourth straight road 

Cavaliers 75, ManricJu 72 

In Dallas, Tyrone Hill’s laytrp 
with 44 seconds left put Clev- 
eland ahead for good, and 
Bobby Phills came up with a 
key defensive play with 13 
seconds remaining as the 

% r. ? 1 



O’Neal, who still has a Cavaliers beat Dallas. 

home in Orlando, drove to tbe 
juena a little less than an hour 
before game time to drop 
some friends off at a rear en- 
trance. The injured center 
rode away and did not return. 

His absence deprived a 
sellout crowd of 17,248 a 

[rove to toe Hill worked inside against 
tan an hour Shawn Bradley for a lay-up to 
t to drop give the Cavaliers a 73-72 axt 
t a rear en- vantage. Hill then made one 
ned center of two fine throws with 233 
not return, seconds to play for a 74-72 
ieprived a lead. 

17,248 a Michael Finley, who led 
rrtunity to Dallas with 22 points, tried to 

% long-awaited opportunity to Dallas with 22 points, tried to 
' boo the all-star center far get in position for a 14-foot 
leaving Orlando last summer turnaround jumper with 13 
..,:■ for a $120 million contract seconds lot, but Phills 
with the Lakers. stripped the ball before Finley 

Elden Campbell led Los could turn. 

Angeles with 16 points. Nick Jfcw* 107, coppm 94 In 
Van Exel, fined $10,000 for Salt Lake City, Karl Malone 
^ comments critical of the of- ■ scored 20 points, John Stock- 
ficiating during tbe Lakers' ton added 19 points and 12 
.- , one-point loss at Miami on assists and Utah won its sixth 
Friday night, had 13. straight game — the longest 

current streak in the league — 
In games played on Sat- by beating Los Angeles. 
unlay Buck* 80 , Knicfcs 79 In Mil- 

Buns 103, Kmton* 80 Scot- waukee, Sherman Douglas 
tie Pippen scored 26 points won a jump ball from Chariie 
r - and Michael Jordan had 23 as Ward with 1.1 seconds left, 
.. Chicago beat Detroit for the knocking the ball all the way 
" 1 9th consecutive time. downcourt to. preserve Mil- 

. ' l uc Longley added 16 waukee’s first home victory 

•■ .r- % points and 12 rebounds and over New Yoric since Dec. 

points ana tz reoounas ana « 

Dennis Rodman grabbed 18 12, 1992. 

-rebounds as the host Bulls 
lengthened a streak that dates 
back to March 1993. 

- The Pistons, playing their 
.fifth game in seven nights, got 

16 points from Grant Hill, but 
he shot just 5-o f- 14 from tbe 
field and was 6-of-Il from 
tbe free throw line. 

- ' The Bolls broke the game 
open with a 22-9 run after Hill 
•and Dennis Rodman got into a 

Buffets 108, TV*H Dinars 

104 Portland's winning streak 
came to an end as the Blazers 
lost on the road to Washington. 
The Blazers hadn't, lost since 
Feb. 26, when they were 
beaten in overtime at home 
against New York. 

Washington’s Chris Whit- 
ney hit a pair of frail shots with 

6.6 seconds left to put the Bnl- 

tm xm rm Ted MalliaisMgcN* ftnc-fw* 

streak The Bullets' Calbert Chaney blocking a shot by the 
Iazers Blazers' Kenny Anderson but committing a foul. 

Robinson's off-balance 30- 
footer fell short with time 
winding down. 

Hornets 10O, Vbnion » In 
Charlotte, Vlade Divac as- 
sisted on three baskets in a 58- 


SuperSonics 113, Kings 99 
In Seattle, Hersey Hawkins 
scored 22 points, David 
Wingate hit a key 3-point shot 
and Seattle survived the ejec- 

second span in overtime to lift tion of Gary Payton to beat 

lets up by three, and Cliff the Hornets over Golden Sacramento. 

Senators Chip Away at Bruins’ Playoff Hopes 

The Associated Press 

4 Steve Duchesne scored two goals and 

r goalie Ran Tugnett stopped a penalty 
shot as the Ottawa Senators won, 5-4, m 
Boston and pushed the Bruins deeper 
into the Atlantic Division cellar. 

The loss Saturday left the Bruins, who 
have won. four of their last 22 games, 

seven points out of playoff contention, 
’with nme games remaining. 

’ The Bruins haven’t missed the Stan- 
ley Cup playoffs for a record 30 years. 

Jean. Yyqs Roy put Boston m front 
with a goal at 3:32 of the first period, but 
Duchesne countered with tbe first of his 
two power-play goals. 

►* With the score tied at 1-1 , Brett Har- 
Tdns was awarded a penalty shot when 
two Ottawa defenders haulcxi him down, 
k He fired into the goalie’s pads. 

c JanneKaukkanea set Duchesne up for 
bis second goal. Anson Carter responded 
for Boston with his seventh goal of the 
year, also on a power to de the 

game at the end of the first penod. 

Ottawa countered with three straight 
goals by Shawn McEachem, Tom Chor- 
ske and Alexei Yashin for a 5-2 lead. 

Even with All-Star Ray Bourque on 
the sidelines, the Bruins still had a kick 
left and Jon Rohloff scored his third goal 
of the season on the power play at 3: 1 3 of 
the finale and Stumpel followed with his 
17th at 831- 

ulMidf i. Ryan 3 Philadelphia sur- 
rendered a three-goal lead and lost Eric 
Lmdros to injury. _ ...... 

The Flyers’ captain suffered a bruised 
right calf when checked by Islanders 
Rich Pilau at 5:19 of ihe 
first period. Pilon received a penalty for 
clipping and was thrown out of the game 
by referee Mick McGeougfc. 

Todd Bertuzzi and Claude Lapomte 

the thir d period as toe Islanders rallied. 

Capitals 3, Cm*S»n* 1 In Montreal, 
Rick Tocchet scored twice and goalie 
Bill Ranford made 28 saves to lead 

Washington to victory. 

Ptntbere 3, Sabre* 2 In Miami, Ray 

Sheppard scored a goal and assisted on 
the game-winner as Florida moved six 
points ahead of toe New York Rangers 
for fourth place in the Eastern Con- 
ference playoff race. 

CeyotM 3, Maple Leafs O In Toronto, 
Mikolai Khabibulin made 33 saves for 
his league-high seventh shutout of tbe 
season, and Jeremy Roenick scored 
twice for streaking Phoenix. Jocelyn 
Lemieux also scored for the Coyotes, 
winners of four of their last five. 

Canucks 3, Ughbnhtg 2 MarfcllS I 

Nasiund scared six minutes into toe 
second period to give tbe Canucks vic- 
tory over visiting Tampa Bay. 

The victory was only the second in the 
II games for tbe Canucks, who kept 
toeir slim playoff hopes alive. 

Kings 2 , Sharks 1 In Los Angeles. 
Nathan Lafayette scored shorthanded 
for his first goal of toe season and Vital! 
Yachmeoev scored on a power play as 
Los Angeles beat San Jose. 

DwribajPengoinB zThird-period goals 
by Dave Ellen and Bobby Holik gave 
New Jersey toe victory in Pittsburgh. 

The Associated Press 

Kansas, ranked No.l in the 
United States, did not get past 
the last 16 of toe NCAA tour- 
nament. The Jay hawks were 
upset, 85-82, by Arizona on 
Friday night in toe semifinals 
of toe Southeast Regional in 
Birmingham. Alabama. 

“Life isn’t always fair," 
said toe Kansas coach. Roy 
Williams. "We had a fant- 
astic, fantastic year. It was a 
dream season, but we didn't 
reach our final dream." 

The fourth-seeded Wild- 
cats (22-9). who lost to Kan- 
sas in the regional semifinals 
last year, reversed the defeat 
against the top-seeded Jay- 
hawks (34-2). 

Mike Bibby scored 21 
points and Michael Dicker- 
son 20 for the Wildcats, who 
were to play lOth-seeded 
Providence (24-11) Sunday 
for a berth in the Final Four. 

Providence 71, Ten nwio» 
Chattanooga 65 Jamel Thomas 
sparked a late 15-2 run with 
three 3-pointers as Providence 
won a matchup of underdogs. 

The Friars gained toeir first 

Final Four berth since Rick 
Pitino's squad made it in 
1987. Austin Croshere led 
Providence with 19 points, 
while God Shammgod scored 
15 points and 7 assists. 

Louisville 78, Texas 63 De- 
Juan Wheat, Louisville’s 
leading scorer, twisted an 
ankle with more than 15 
minutes to play and was car- 
ried off toe court. But Alvin 
Sims scored a career-high 25 
points and Damion Dan trier 
and Alex Sanders each added 
17 as Louisville beat Texas in 
the East region semifinal in 
Syracuse. New York. 

North Carolina 63, Califor- 
nia 57 The Tar Heels rallied to 
win their 15th straight game 
and advance to toe East re- 
gional final. 

California (23-9) built a 45- 
38 lead with 9:48 left, but Ant- 
awn Jamison and Vince Carter 
scored all of North Carolina’s 
points during a 15-3 run that 
put toe Tar Heels up for good 
Jamison finished with 21 
points, while Carter had 14. 

Randy Duck scored 15 
points for California. 

The Associated Press 

Carla Berube scored seven 
straight Connecticut points 
down the stretch as toe top- 
ranked Huskies survived a de- 
termined upset bid by Illinois 
and escaped with a 78-73 vic- 
tory in toe Midwest Regional 
semifinals in Iowa City. 

Illinois rallied from a 16- 
point deficit in the first half to 
tie toe score with less than six 
minutes to play. 

Berube scored 13 of her 17 
points in the second half to 

Women's NCAA 

lead Connecticut, while Nyke- 
sha Sales, who scored the go- 
ahead basket, and Kara 
Wolters each scored 15. Con- 
necticut will face Tennessee in 
the regional final on Monday. 

TentwsMe 75, Colorado 67 
Chamique Holdsclaw scored 
14 of her 20 points in the 
second half to lead toe de- 
fending national champions 
past Colorado. 

Tennessee (26-10) took the 
lead for good five minutes into 
the second half of the see-saw 
game, then made the shots it 
needed to keep Colorado (23- 
9) from pulling back ahead 

Georgia 68, Vanderfaitt 52 Iil 

Missoula, Montana. Tracy 
Henderson hit 15 of her 17 
points in the second half as 
Georgia pulled away from 
Vanderbilt in die West Re- 

Georgia (25-5), toe second 
seed in the West, meets top- 
seed Stanford (33-1) in 
Monday's championship. 

Stanford 91, Virgmia 69 

Kate Starb ird scored 22 
points and Jamila Wideman 
added 19 as Stanford (33-1) 
the top seeds in toe West 
dominated Virginia. The 
Cavaliers (23-8) jumped out 
to an early lead but ran into 
foul trouble at die end. 

Florida 71, Louisiana Tech 

57 Murriel Page scored 19 
points and 13 rebounds, and 
Florida used a fast start to beat 
Louisiana Tech in the NCAA 
Mideast Regional in West La- 
fayette, Indiana. 

The Lady Gators went 
ahead 13-1 and led toe rest of 
tbe way against second- 
seeded Tech, which shot only 
33 percent from toe field. 

Third-seeded Florida (24- 
8) will meet top-seeded Old 
Dominion (32- D. 

Old Dominion 62, Louisiana 
State 49 Old Dominion over- 
came hs worst shooting per- 
formance of the season to beat 
Louisiana State in the other 
semifinal of the Mideast Re- 

The Lady Monarc hs made 
up for their offensive troubles 
with overpowering rebound- 
ing and suffocating defense 
that held the Lady Tigers 
without a field goal for nearly 
10 minutes in the first half. 

Notre Damo 87, Alabama 71 

Beth Morgan scored a career- 
high 36 points and Notre 
Dame used a 22-0 run to beat 
second-seeded Alabama in 
the East Regional tournament 
in Columbia, South Carolina. 

Morgan scored 11 straight 
points as Notre Dame rallied 
from nine points down to tie it 
51-51. After Alabama (25-7) 
went ahead 56-53. tbe Irish 
held the Tide scoreless for 
more than six minutes. 

Shalonda Harris had 18 
points in toe first half for 
Alabama, but she did not 
score again until her free 
throw broke Notre Dame's 
run. By then it was 75-58 and 

the Fighting Irish had set up 
the unlikely East Regional fi- 

On Monday, the Fighting 
Irish (30-6) will face George 
Washington for a spot in the 
Final Four. 

George Washington 55, 
North Cvofina 46 Tajama Ab- 
raham had 18 points and 12 
rebounds as George Washing- 
ton upset top-seeded North 
Carolina in toe East Regional 
semifinal in Columbia. 

Abraham fought through 
three defenders and banked in 
a soft push shot with 4:33 left, 
putting the Colonials ahead for 
good 47-46l North Carolina 
did not score again and missed 
their final 10 shots. 


Most of the big 
Championship; can 4^. 
title for the last 3 

<■**.*■ . 

*~riL ..... 

on wffomu 

22 - 30 March, LIVE, 

The ATP Tour, Super 9 
Ibumamant, Key Kscayne, 

Andre Agassi. Pete Sampras, 
Goran Ivanisevic, Thomas Musta; 
and Ton Henman wiB an be in 
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the year 


27 - 30 March, UtoHd Cup 
Qualifying action 

Holland, Russo, Northern 
Ireland and Wales wW all be si 
action as the race to quafify for 
the Worid Cup finals hots up 


29 - 30 March, LIVE, 

The International Road 

Some of the worlds best 
eyefists meet in the Tam region 
of France 

Motor racing: 

27 March, The British 
Touring Car Championship 
With the season just about to 
get under way we look at the 
leading contendere tor this 
years Championship 

SOCCER U.S. Loses in World Cupp. 1 a RUGBY Fiji Wins World Cup p. 18 BASKETBALL Old Guard Advances p. 1 9 

PAGE 20 

World Roundup 

Olazabal Wins 

golf Jose Maria Olazabal fired 
a final round 67 Sunday to win the 
Turespana Masters at Maspalo- 
mas on the Canary Islands, in only 
his third tournament since his 
comeback after 18 months out of 
die game with foot problems. His 
20-under par total of 272 gave him 
a two-shot victory over Lee West- 
wood of Britain. f Reuters) 

Tergat Retains Title 

athletics Paul Tergat of 
Kenya won bis third consecutive 
men 's world cross-country title on 

Sunday. He pulled away from Sa- 
loh His sou of Morocco in the final 

lah His sou of Morocco in the final 
sprint to the line in Turin. 

In the women's race, Ethiopia’s 
Derartu Tuiu overtook the surprise 
leader, Paula Radcliffe of Britain, 
to win for the second rime in three 
years. (AP. Reuters) 

Gronje Leads Assault 

cricket Belligerent batting by 
Hansie Cronje, the South African 
captain, followed by aggressive 
bowling by Ids pacemen gave 
South Africa the upper hand 
Sunday on the third day of the third 
test against Australia in Pretoria. 

Cronje made 79 not out as South 
Africa reached 384 for a first in- 
nings lead of 157. In reply, Aus- 
tralia lost four wickets for 96 runs 
before the close. {Reuters) 

Agassi Tumbles Again 

tennis Andre Agassi lost his 
opening-round match at the Upton 

Championships in Key Biscay 
Florida, to Scott Draper of Aus- 
tralia, 7-6 (7-5), 6-1 . It was the fifth 
tournament in a row in which 
Agassi has been e liminated in his 
first match. (AP) 

• Thomas Johansson of Sweden 
beat Renzo Furian of Italy, 6-3, 6-4, 
on Sunday to win the 5300,000 Sl 
P etersburg Open. (Reuters) 

Zabel First in San Remo 

cycling Erik Zabel won a 
rough-and-tumble final sprint in 
the Milan-to-San Remo classic, the 
opening race of the 1997 World 
Cup. Several riders — including he 
favorite, Johan Museetiw, and 
Laurent Jalabert — fell a few feet 
from the finish. (AP) 

Jones Is Disqualified 

BOXING Roy Janes lost his 
World Boxing Council light heavy- 
weight ride and his unbeaten record 
when he was disqualified against a 
feUow-American, Monleh Griffin. 
Jones appeared to win by knockout, 
but Griffin was declared the winner 
when the referee, Tony Perez, dis- 
qualified Jones for hitting Griffin in 
the head when the challenger was 
down on one knee. ( AP ) 

They’ve Nothing to Cheer 

BASKETBALL The New Jersey 
Nets defended the taped crowd 
noise at die team 's home games in 
Continental Airlines Arena and 
have no plans to stop using it. 

Michael Rowe, the club pres- 
ident, said that the phony noise is 
used to rouse the crowd, not re- 
place it. 

“One of the criticisms about 

Meadow lands crowds in general 
is that it's a bit of a Uudback 

crowd, despite their loyalty,” 
Rowe said. "So we do various 
things to get them up on their 

“Whenever we introduce a seg- 
ment of entertainment, the crowd 
takes over from us,' ' Ik said. “We 
don’t put blow-up dolls in empty 
seats and we don’t put fake sounds 
in place of real crowd noise.” 

Rowe added that because of the 
acoustics in the arena, the building 
needs more noise in order to create 
a feeling of excitement. (AP) 




For Kentucky, a Giant Leap Toward a Repeat 

Defending Champions Beat 
Utah to Reach the Final Four 

By Jennifer Frey 

Washington Past Service 

SAN JOSE, California — Derek An- 
derson was the first Kentucky Wildcat 
to climb the ladder at San Jose Arena 
today and cut down a piece of the net. He 
didn't log any time in Kentucky's 
NCAA tournament West Region final 
against Utah — unless you count the 
final six seconds, when he ran onto the 
floor in his street clothes — but he was a 
fitting choice nonetheless. 

On Jan. 18, Anderson fell down and ■ 
the Wildcats were convinced that their 
entire season had fallen with him. Sat- 
urday, with Anderson still on the side- 
line but his teammates playing their 
hearts out. the de- 

court for a huge slam that put the 
Wildcats ahead by seven points. One 
three-pointer by Scott Padgett later, 
Kentucky had a double-digit lead it 
maintained the rest of the way. 

“This team is a very difficult team for 
us to play, given our team,” said Utah's 

Minnesota beats UCLA. Page 19. 

coach, Rick Majerus, who saw his Utes 
lose to Kentucky by 31 points in the 
regional semifinals of last year’s tour- 
nament. “They are our worst night- 
mare. They're athletic, and they press, 
and there's nothing we can do to sim- 
ulate that.” 

fending national ' ^ 

champions defeated 
Utah, 72-59. to ad- 
vance where few — 
including their 
coach, Rick Pitino 
— thought they 
would at the mid- 
way point of this 
season. That hap- 
pens to be back m 
the Final Four. 

The top-seeded 
Wildcats (34-4), 

will be making their ■*" 1 - 

third trip to the Fi- 
nal Four in five seasons (they lost to 
North Carolina in the semifinals in 
1993) when they meet Minnesota on 
Saturday at the RCA Dome in Indi- 

“When I got hurt, everybody said, 
ley, HI step up,’ said Anderson, who 

‘Hey, Til step up,’ said Anderson, who 
is almost fully recovered from a tom 
anterior cruciate ligament but will not 
play in Indianapolis next weekend. 
* ‘That's the reason why we've come so 
far. You could see tbat out there 

NBA-bound Ron Mercer and a guard, 
Wayne Tomer, were the two Wildcats to 
step up on Saturday, and at no time was 
that more evident than when Utah ral- 
lied from an 1 1-point deficit early in the 
second half to tie the game at 43 with 9 
minutes 40 seconds to play. 

Pitino called a timeout at that point, 
turned to Mercer and told him it was his 
responsibility to take over the game. 
Mercer scored two quick baskets and. a 
few minutes later. Turner made a mor- 

y easy steal from a Utah fresh- 
man, Jordie McTavish, and ran down- 

This Kentucky 
r '* ■' team is not as quick 

or as athletic as the 
team that won the 
V championship last 

i * season, but its de- 

fense is still its 

The Wildcats 
played spectacular 
half-court defense 
® for much of the 

game, turning to 
their press at key 
moments. espe- 
cially in the second 
half. The result was 
17 turnovers for Utah (to Kentucky’s 
nine). The Wildcats also shot 48 percent 
against the Utes, who had held all their 
previous tournament opponents to 35 
percent shooting or worse. 

A chief victim of the defensive 
switches Kentucky ran all afternoon, 
Keith Van Horn finished with 15 points, 
and he finished his impressive college 
career one victory shy of his dream of 
reaching the Final Four. Like two other 
all-Americans — Kansas’s Jacque 
Vaughn and Wake Forest's Tim Duncan 
— Van Horn shunned the NBA last 
spring to return for his senior year. All 
three have now been eliminated from 
the tournament. 

"I really don't know exactly what my 
emotions are at this point." said Van 
Horn, who is expected to be among the 
top three players taken in June’s NBA 
draft. ‘ ‘ It’s hard to say this soon. I' m just 
happy I've had the times I've had with 
this team all this year." 

Van Horn was named to the West 
Region all-toumameni team, as was 
Turner, Stanford's Brevin Knight, St. 




Utah's Keith Van Horn driving for the basket as Scott Padgett, left, of Kentucky doses in. Kentucky won, 72-59. 

Joseph's Rashid Bey and Mercer, the 
most valuable player with 21 points on 
Saturday. But that MVP award didn't 
earn Mercer the right to take the first 
snip at the net. 

He happily gave that honor to An- 
derson, who was so excited by his team- 
mates' success that he ran onto the floor 
and mauled Turner while the dock was 
ticking down the final seconds of the 

game. “I guess I can tell coach 1 was in 
now," said Anderson, as helounged in 
the locker room in the Final Four 

pullover he got last spring. “Didn’t get 
hurt, either. 

Skating Thanks Heaven for Fearless Little Girls 


■S tllill 


International Herald Tribune 

LAUSANNE, Switzerland — "How- 
goes the figure skating champion- 
ships?" asked the caretaker of the 
Olympic flame, Juan Antonio Sa- 
maranch, at breakfast with several 
American reporters. 

Very well, answered one. With 
quelled enthusiasm he told Samaranch 
about the little girl, just 14 years old. who 
was becoming an American industry of 
her own. The reporter said, "If she wins 
today, it almost could be as big as ... " 

He stopped. Samaranch was shaking 
his head in mock fear, mouthing the 
words: “No. no, no.” Francois Carrard, 

/ ant age Point/ Ian Thomsen 

secretary general of the International 
Olympic Committee, was pretending 

'• ‘ • . ••• h yr ■■■*■ 

Olympic Committee, was pretending 
comically to be whacking himself on the 

Later that afternoon, Saturday, 14- 
year-old Tara Lipinski became by one 
month the youngest women's world fig- 
ure skating champion ever, displacing 
the mark of the late, great Sonja Henie 
70 years ago. More important, in the 
here and now, Lipinski maneuvered 
herself in from of the voracious mag- 
nifying lens that could make her almost 
as big as Nancy Kerrigan and Tonya 

Harding pur together. 
When Tonya's peoj 

Kmt LamMqoG/Rnnen 

A flushed Tara Lipinski, after fin- 
ishing her free-skating program. 

When Tonya's people tried to knock 
Nancy out of contention for the 1994 
Olympics with a metal baton to the 
knee, the story preoccupied the United 

States for two months like a media virus. 
The Olympics were overshadowed by 
the two of them, and everyone involved 
made money on it. 

This rime, the American reporter 
tried to explain to Samaranch that, an- 
other, albeit gender, fury may be build- 
ing around a girl who a few weeks ago 
lost her last baby tooth. 

Lipinski won on the basis of her tight 
spins and apparent fearlessness, or more 
tikely, her undeveloped nerves. The sil- 
ver medal went to last year's champion, 
Michelle Kwan, the 16-year-old Amer- 
ican who seemed eons more mature, 
more vulnerable and therefore more 

For the next year, corporate America 
will invest in one image or the other — 
the Disney-like cuteness of Lipinski, or 
the more feminine Kwan. Vanessa Gus- 
meroli. an IS -year- old Frenchwoman, 
won the bronze medal. 

* ‘I knew what I had to do and I did it,’ ’ 
Lipinski said. She performed seven 
triple-revolution jumps to six for Kwan. 
This, combined with Elvis Stojko’s ex- 
plosive victory in the men's champi- 
onship last week, gave further credence 
to fears tfaar judges are becoming more 
impressed by athleticism than by artistic 

More than a gymnast, however. Li- 
pinski performed like a great child actor, 
her sincerity and innocence enhanced 
by her obliviousness to the pressures 
surrounding her. 

The other 22 finalists, with a couple 
of exceptions, skated like devices writ- 
ten into the little girl's plot. They were 
all bigger, older and more assured, you 
would have thought, but they struggled 
with the elements that Lipinski made 
look easy and carefree. Depending on 
where you were sitting in the cozy hall 
(which wasn't quite sold out) Lipinski 
would come skating from the far end of 
the rink toward you, her face last to 
come into focus, her painted lips van- 
ishing in concentration before the 
jumps. She executed them like a hum- 
mingbird. Her speed was her strength 
and her weakness. 

The audience was dominated by Amer- 
icans who were standing for Lipinski. 
throwing flowers and fuzzy toys to be 
gathered up by a corps of little girls. 

The final two performers were, re- 
spectively, Kwan and Irina Slutskaya of 
Russia, the two-time European cham- 
pion. Slutskaya. 18, was sixth after her 
disappointing short program Friday af- 
ternoon, worm o De-third of the overall 
score, and at practice Saturday morning 

she slammed into the boards, requiring 
40 minutes of medical treatment before 
the final. 

Then she skated superbly. As she left 
the ice, pressing her hand to her back, 
there was reason to wonder if she might 
upset Upinski. As it turned out, the free 
programs of Slutskaya, Kwan and Li : 
pinski each earned top marks from three 
judges. Slutskaya finished fourth overall. 

The most spirited performance was 
Kwan’ 5, who was in fourth place as the 
final day began. She did not — despite 
her own obvious fears — repeat the rails 
that cost her the U.S. title to Lipinski last 

“I think Michelle had a really big 
lesson to learn this year, which is that 
when you’re the champion you really 
have to fight and come out like it's a 
whole new ball game," said her coactC I 
Frank Carroll. 

As the young woman and the little 
teenage girl were being asked to assess 
their rivalry for the next year, Kwan 
turned and showed her teeth and her 
nails at Lipinski. It was a good joke; 
what with Tonya and Nancy on every- 
one's mind. 

When asked how long she planned to 
be competing against this year’s cham- 
pion. Kwan said: “For the next 25 
years. We're both young and Idoa’i 
know how long she's going to be there, 
but I'm going to be there. 

To If 


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