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INTERNATIONAL 






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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 
R Paris, Monday, May 26, 1997 


No. 35.530 



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French Voters Stun Government in First Round 

L eftist Coalitio n Surges , Bolstering Chances for a Majority 


By Joseph Fitchett 

lnt ?maiiMtal Herald Tribun e 

PARIS Pnme Minister Alain 
badly in par- 

SKHJSSf* Si 


mug condemnation by French voters of 
government policy. m 

According to computer protections 

forT&^M ?ry 1 a 5 peared reac b 

dos^s TWh J? d coalition dial op- 
poses French efforts to join Germany 

next year in launching a single Euro* 

Kr“ * e “ ofth * 

U.?® center-right coalition came in 
below poU expectations and won an 
estimated 32 percent of the vole. Voter? 
£ave unexpectedly high suppon to left- 
ist and extreme rightist parties, accord- 

U1 t5 > p cor PP uter projections. 

The Socialists, who have an electoral 
alliance with the Communist Party and 
the Greens, were surging with more 
Own 40 percent of the popular vote. 
Thai level of support would make the 
Socialist leader Lionel Jospin the lo- 
gical candidate to head a new gov- 


ernment. perhaps with a slim absolute 
majority. 

President Jacques Chirac gambled 
by calling elections a year early, count- 
ing on a narrow but solid majority in 
time to pre-empt rising opposition to 
the government ahead of the introduc- 
tion of the single currency next year. 
But the tactic appears to have backfired 
and Mr. Chirac will almost certainly 
now have to work with a new gov- 
ernment that is less enthusiastic about 
his approach to economic moderniz- 
ation and a European currency on terms 
largely established by Germany. 

The right could still win. but it will 
need to attract conservative voters who 
supported the National Front of Jean- 
Marie Le Pen. That party's 15 percent 
showing Sunday, apparently swollen 
by a protest vote, accounted for part of 
the governing coalition's weakness. 

Now the front may be in a position to 
keep candidates in more than 50 dis- 
tricts for the run-off, turning those elec- 
tions into three-way contests where Mr. 
Le Pen’s supporters could make the 
difference between conservatives and 


leftists. Mr. Le Pen, who is strongly 
opposed to European integration, has 
publicly called on his followers to back 
the Socialists on the grounds that they 
will delay action on the new Euro cur- 
rency with Germany. 

But there will be strong local pres- 
sure for deals in which some conser- 
vative candidates get backing from the 
front in exchange of increased grass- 
roots influence and perhaps even a few 
parliamentary seats for the front. 

The allocation of seats in the Cham- 
ber of Deputies depends chi the run-off, 
and France seemed headed for an elec- 
trifying round of last minute campaign- 
ing ahead of the run-off on June 1. 

A lackluster campaign had largely 
masked how close the main rivals were 
despite their sharp divisions on do- 
mestic economic policy and interna- 
tional cooperation in shaping post-cold 
war Europe. 

The projections showed the leftist 
alliance polling 41 percent, against 32 
percent for the center-right coalition 
and 4 percent for a number of con- 
servative splinter parties. 


Whar seemed certain was that Par- 
liament, dominated by the conserva- 
tives for the last four years, will now be 
sharply divided and closely balanced 
between leftist and conservative blocs. 

Thai rivalry will reduce Mr. Chirac’s 
room for maneuver, even though the 
remainder of his term is not changed by 
these elections. Mr. Jospin has pledged 
to follow Mr. Chirac’s lead on foreign 
policy and in some other areas, such as 
defense and judicial independence, but 
his platform in the campaign called for 
renegotiating a single currency with 
Germany arm halting plans for a larger 
military role in NATO. 

Mr. Chirac has made it plain that he 
does not relish the prospect of sharing 
the government, which the French call 
“cohabitation.” In an effort to head dial 
off, he was widely expected to intervene 
personally in the final stages of the cam- 
paign on behalf of the conservatives. 

Mr. Chirac's best hope of rallying his 
supporters seemed to lie in signaling 
that, in the event of a conservative 

See FRANCE, Page 9 



I ram in* I.miUiiV' Vjyn i* KranirlVnr 

Prime Minister Juppe voting Sunday in Bordeaux, where he is mayor. 


Landslide Election of Moderate Cleric Reflects Iranian Discontent 


^ Fatal End 
To Race in 
Indonesia 


By Seth Mydans 

Nf*' York Times Service 

JAKARTA — A violent, month- 
long election campaign has ended 
with a horrific loss of life on the 
island of Borneo, where at least 130 
people died Friday in a shopping 
complex that was set on fire by 
rioters, according to reports reach- 
ing here Sunday. 

The deaths occurred in the town 
of Banjarraasin. capital of the In- 
donesian province of South Kali- 
mantan, 880 kilometers (550 miles) 
northeast of here, when looters 
were trapped in the four-story com- 
plex by not policemen and then by 
a fire that was set in a ground-floor 
bank. Reuters reported. 

“So far we have 1 30 bodies that 
have been found,” a rescue worker 
said. “There are still many 
more.” 

The official Antara news agency 
said that 8 shopping centers, 130 
houses. 21 cars, 60 motorcycles and 
3 hotels were burned and thar four 
government buildings were dam- 
aged in the city of about 400,000 

people. . . . 

It said 100 people were being 
treated in hospitals for bums and 
stab wounds. 

The riot came at the close of the 
most violent election campaign m 
recent times here in the worlds 
fourth-largest nation, despite strm- 
sent regulations that limited public 
campaigning and a J e P 1 Pf^2 “f “ 
regale supporters of rival parties to 

avoid clashes. - 

Before the final day of cam- 
paigning Friday, in advance of a 
SouSff period before the par- 
SSmvy Thursday, the au- 
thorities reported that 
had died in riots and campaign- 
related traffic accidents. 

See INDONESIA, Page 4 



Spiritual Leader Acknowledges Public’s Yearning for Change 


futrick Btf/Agw Knmr- IV 1 *** 

Schoolgirls enjoying the sun in a public park in Tehran on Sunday. 


By John Lancaster 

Washington Post Service 

TEHRAN — To the outside world. 
Iran often seems tbe very essence of 
totalitarianism, a place of glowering 
ayatollahs and rigid censorship where 
unmarried couples risk arrest for sitting 
together in a park. 

But that image was sorely tested 
Sunday by results from the presidential 
election in which a moderate Muslim 
cleric, Mohammed Khatemi, scored a 

NEWS ANALYSIS" 

stunning upset victory over the can- 
didate of an arch-conservative religious 
establishment that ebce seemed invin- 
cible. 

His landslide victory over Ali Akbar 
Nateq-Nouri, the Parliament speaker, 
followed a lively, free-wheeling pres- 
idential campaign that confounded 
much of the conventional wisdom in the 
West about the nature of the Iranian 
regime. 

Popular enthusiasm for the election 
could be read in die turnout: of 32 
million eligible voters, 94 percent cast 
ballots, according to final results. Mr. 
Khatemi won with more titan 20 million 
votes, or 69 percent of the total- But if 


his victory on Friday shattered some 
stereotypes about Iranian politics, 
neither should it be read as a sign that 
Iran has embarked on a path to Western- 
style democracy. What it suggested, in- 
stead. is a system that is becoming more 
pluralistic and perhaps more flexible, 
but has not abandoned its Islamic and 
revolutionary underpinnings. 

“In no way shape, or form should this 
be viewed as a vote to change the sys- 
tem.” said a Western-trained Iranian 
academic who supported Mr. Khatemi. 
“But it is a vote for new ideas, new 
people, more responsive government.” 

To some extent, that also appears to be 
the view of die outgoing president. 
Hashemi' Rafsarijani, who is stepping 
down in August at the end of his second- 
four year term but will retain great in- 
fluence as head of a newly expanded 
Expediency Council. Ultimate authority 
in Iran will remain with its religious 
leader. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. 

At a news conference Sunday morn- 
ing, a bemused-looking Mr. Rafsanjani 
denied suggestions that the vote rep- 
resented a “protest” against tbe 1 8-year- 
old Islamic revolution in Iran. But be 
acknowledged the yearning for change. 

‘ 'I believe that the vote of the people 

See IRAN, Page 9 



Sierra Leone Leader Is Toppled in Coup 


Reuters 

FREETOWN, Sierra Leone — Sol- 
diers overthrew the Sierra Leone gov- 
ernment on Sunday, and President 
Ahmad Tejan Kabbah was reported to 
have fled into exile in Guinea. 

Witnesses said soldiers taking part in 
tbe coup exchanged sustained fire with 
Nigerian troops, who guard tbe pres- 
ident under a bilateral agreement, 
around the presidential office complex 
in the capital, Freetown. 

“An exchange of fire between Ni- 
gerian troops and coup-makers contin- 
ues at state house,” said a resident who 
lives near the complex. 

There was no immediate word on 
casualties. Hospital sources said that 
five civilians had died elsewhere in the 
capital and that several civilians and 
soldiers had been wounded. 

Nigerian and Guinean troops have 
been backing the army in Sierra Leone’s 


fight against rebels. Nigerian troops 
guard the state bouse, the capital’s in- 
ternational airport and other sites. 

A coup spokesman. Corporal Gborie, 
said in a radio broadcast that junior 
ranks had toppled Mr. Kabbah. Cor- 
poral Gborie asked Nigerian troops not 
to intervene in what he called an internal 
matter. 

Small-arms fire and the occasional 
crash of mortar shells continued into tbe 
afternoon. A government building in tbe 
vicinity of the state house was cm fire and 
other office blocks, including the Treas- 
ury. were threatened, residents said. 

Residents reported looting by sol- 
diers and some civilians long after tbe 
coup leaders called for calm and asked 
people to stay at home. 

The headquarters of UN agencies was 
ransacked and all vehicles there re- 
moved, UN sources said 

Shops and businesses closed Sunday 


were pillaged, mainly by men in uni- 
form. but also by some civilians, wit- 
nesses said 

A sergeant who identified himself as 
one of the coup leaders said tbe army 
bad seized Parliament and the govern- 
ment offices ai State House, as well as 
the radio and television. He said a new 
government would be announced by the 
end of the day. 

The soldiers called for the return to 
Sierra Leone of Foday Sankoh, leader of 
the rebel Revolutionary United Front, 
who has been kept in a hotel suite in tbe 
Nigerian capital for the past two months 
by Nigeria’s military authorities. 

Mr. Sankoh told Reuters that the coup 
came as no surprise. “I was not in- 
formed by man of this coup, but I had a 
vision from the Almighty a few days 
ago that something was about to happen 
in Sierra Leone,” he said 

Sierra Leone, one of tbe world’s 




GUINEA 


m 


SIERRA 

LEONE 




LIBERIA 


• - : ■ L?- sv^Nellonrovta 


poorest countries, has seen several 
coups and coup attempts in recent years. 
Mr. Sankoh and Mr. Kabah signed an 
accord last November on ending the 
civil war, but both parties have since 
reported serious violations. 


WUl America Help Russia Reach, 2000? 


*■ *w*- 


Or* - '*' 



By Brian Knowlton 

Intemarional Hemld Tribune 

?«ues. sat at a restaurant m 


not properly recognize any date after Mr. Lawrence admitted that few 
Dec. 31. 1999? Or does it lag so se- people have any idea of the full extent of 
riously that computers in banks, fac- the problem facing Russia. His institute, 
mries and on military bases could mal- which specializes in military history but 


AGENDA 

Israel Says Mubarak Meeting Is On 


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AnbHeS- Qatar .....10.00 reals 

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The former Soviet leader proposed a resemanve orepnen Horn, said. No 
solution- Raise money in the United one really has a good sense as to what’s 
Rtatec to nav American consultants and going on in the former Soviet Union.” 
^^fpi-rsLo help Mr- Gorbachev has Even tbe CIA said it had not focused 
thfadvSlecied a small, nonprofit U.S. on the problem in Russia. “We’re too 
SSn rhe Dupuy Institute, to co- busy worrying about our own Year 2000 
nJrihiatpfois fimd-raiang effort. problem,’* a spokesman said 

' 0I Chris Lawrence!aeting executive di- In fbe 1950s and 1960s. programmers 
.f The institute, acknowledged wanted to save space in computer code 
of Americans donating and so used two digits, not four, to 
of dollars to help Russians represent the yeas. TJus, 66 means 1996 
i aiSne-sounding computer to a computer. But 00 means 1900, not 
sdY* 2000. The problem wifi create lomcal 





S« 2000, Page » 


JERUSALEM (Reuters) — Israel 
said Sunday that a summit meeting 
between Prime Minister Benjamin 
Netanyahu and President Hosni 
Mubarak of Egypt would go ahead as 
planned 

“The summit will take place on 
Tuesday.” Cabinet Secretary Danny 
Naveb told Israel Television after 
Talks in Jerusalem with an Egyptian 

Italian ‘Referendum 9 

MILAN (AFP) — More than 4 
millio n Italians took pan Sunday in a 
symbolic regional referendum on in- 
dependence fra the north organized 
by the country's separatist Northern 
League. 

Roberto Maroru, a spokesman for 
the league, said it was an “extraor- 
dinary result,” and predicted that op 
to 6 million would have voted by the 
time tire exercise ended at 9:00 PAL 

The poll asked northern Italians 
whether they were in favor of in- 
dependence for the north of the coun- 
try, which die League calls Padania. 


envoy sent to prepare the ground for 
the meeting at the Egyptian Red Sea 
resort of Sharm el Sbeikh. 

The Israeli daily newspaper Ye- 
dioth Ahronoth had said the summit 
meeting was.in danger of being can- 
celed because of Israel’s refusal to 
agree ahead of time to stem building 
a Jewish settlement in East Jeru- 
salem. 


MQETWO 

New York h the ‘Big Apple* Again 

THE AMERICAS Pl9»3. 

Minority Leader Challenges Clinton 

BUSINESS/FI NANCE Pag* 13. 

German Union Tests the Work Week 

Books r Page 11. 

Crossword- PagelL 

Opinion - Page 10. 

Sports Pages 18-20. 

77ie M erm a rtoi PsgcB. 


The IHT on-line http://VA7VV.iht.com 


Mohammed Khatemi, Iran’s pres- 
ident-elect, is a revolutionary with a 
taste for the West. A profile, Page 9. 


Taleban 
Closes In 
On Control 
Of Country 

By Kenneth J. Cooper 

Washington Post Service 

HAIRATAN, Afghanistan — Abdul 
Rashid Dustam. one of the key figures 
vying for control of Afghanistan, fled 
the country Sunday, leaving the Taleban 
Islamic movement in control of vir- 
tually the entire country. 

General Dustam bad held on to power 
by betraying his allies and switching 
sides at opportune moments. Bot in a 
turnabout over the weekend, the former 
Communist general was deposed as die 
Soviet-style ruler of a mini state in 
northern Afghanistan, betrayed by his 
closest deputies. 

With the capture of Mazar-i-Shdrif, a 
provincial capital where General 
Dustam had his administrative 
headquarters, the Taleban and its allies 
have almost ended the civil war and 
united Afghanistan for the first time in 
two decades. 

Neighboring Pakistan, where the 
Taleban was formed a few years ago in 
Islamic schools for Afghan war 
refugees, on Sunday became tbe first 
nation to extend diplomatic recognition 
to its government in Kabul, the capital 
* It appears that only two major forces 
are still fighting the Taleban from iso- 
lated, mountainous bases. A Shiite fac- 
tion holds the Shebar Pass in the Hindu 
Kush mountains. Ahmed Shah Masoud, 
defense minister in tbe ousted govern- 
ment of President Burhanuddin Rab- 
bani, has holed up in the northern 
Panjshir Valley, where he mana^wj to 
fight off tiie Soviet Army for several 
years. 

But it would not be unprecedented for 
Mr. Masoud to switch sides after having 
been both an ally and enemy of General 
Dustam oyer tbe years. 

In ethnic and regional terms, tile fun- 
damentalist Taleban is about to re-es- 
tablish the dominance of Pashtuns, the 
country’s largest ethnic group, and the 
southern province of Kandahar. 

A Pash tun monarchy from Kandahar 
ruled the modem state of Afghanistan 
for more than a century until thelast 
king was deposed, in 1973. 

For the first time since 1978, it looks 

See AFGHANISTAN, Page 4 
























INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 26, 199: 


PAGE TWO 


‘ Fear City’ No More / New York Escapes the Doldrums 



Money and Melting Pot Help Put the Town on Top 


N EW YORK — In 1920, when this city was 
cocksure that it had no peer in mattere of wealth, 
culture and razzle-dazzle, F. Scott Fitzgerald 
hailed a cab. “I was riding in a taxi one afternoon 
between very tall buildings under a mauve and rosy sky,” 
the novelist later wrote. *T began to bawl because I had 
everything I wanted and I knew I would never be so happy 
again.” 

Seventy-seven years later, it may well be tune for an other 
good cry. 

After decades of being derided as dangerous, dirty and 
ungovernable. New York is on a roll. Crime has declined in 
ways criminologists describe as astonishing. More of 
America's money than ever is coursing through Wail 
Street. And one of the great waves of immigration in the 
city's history is healing the wounds of suburban flight. 

To grasp how there could be a renaissance in a place that 
20 years ago was virtually banknmt and branded by some 
residents as “Fear City,” it is useful to drink of New York 
not as a geographical location, but as a semi-explosive 
process. It can veer out of control without giant-sized 
feedings of two raw ingredients: money and people. 

At the moment, there is an abundance ofbtrth. The boom 
on Wall Street has allowed city hall to harvest its Largest 
budget surplus in history. As for humanity, an annual 
infusion of about 1 13,000 immigrants is more than making 
up — at least for now — for the enervating drip of residents 
to the suburbs and elsewhere. 

While money and people are necessary, they are not 
sufficient to explain what is happening in New York. The 
third ingredient is order, or more precisely, the perception 
of order. 

‘ ‘There was a long period of time when it was perceived 
that the lunatics were running the asylum,” said John 
Tepper Martin, chief economist for New York City’s 
comptroller. “Now the perception is that the wardens are 
back in charge.” 

The chief warden. Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, presides 
over a fall in the crime rale that criminologists say has no 


By Blaine Harden and Jill Dutt 

Washington Post Service 


where it is heading or even what it is. It is not the city yon 
see on “Seinfeld.” Only one out of five New Yorkers lives 


in Manhattan, die borough with die skyscrapers and the 
sunermodels. the media and most of die rich. One need not 


supermodels. the media and most of die rich. One need not 
look far in the four other boroughs to find gaping holes in 
the city’s boom. 

While compensation in die securities industry is up 42 
percent since 1989, wages for everyone else are up just 3.8 
percent. The unemployment rate of 8.6 percent last year 
was the highest of the 20 largest cities. Allegations of police 
misconduct under the Giuliani administration are up 
sharply. The numbers of people sleeping in homeless 
shelters, after years of decline, are up 15 percent in die last 
three years. The cost of housing has jumped this year to a 
point where it consumes a third of the average New 
Yorker’s income, a bite unmatched since die era of housing 
abandonment in the 1970s. 


P UBLIC schools are severely overcrowded, strain- 
ing to absorb 20,000 new students a year, most of 
than the children of immigrants. There were 91,000 
students last fall who had no classroom seats. After 
cutting more than $1 billion from schools during his first 
two years in office, Mr. Giuliani has had to reverse course 
and increase spending by more than $1 billion. 

Schools continue to be, as 
they have been for decades, a 
major trigger for leaving the 
city; more than 100,000 res- 
idents are estimated to leave 
every year. Because of flight 
and immigration, the racial 
and ethnic makeup of the city 
has been radically trans- 
formed. A city that was 63 
percent whim in 1970 is pro- 


jected to be just 35 percent 
white by the year 2000. 



precedent Since the Republican took office in 1993, 
murders have fallen to a 30-year low. In 1992, die murder 


murders have fallen to a 30-year low. In 1992, die murder 
toll in New York was 2,005; last year it was 985. 

Asked in an interview to respond to critics who say he is 
not doing enough for minorities, Mr. Giuliani said: “They 
are alive, how 'bout we start with that You can’t help 
people more directly than to save lives.” 

New York, of course, is anything but a typical American 
city. Its fortunes are uniquely tied to Wall Street But a look 
behind the city's renaissance is a way of understanding how 
all big cities can be invigorated by a whopping reduction in 
crime and by massive infusions of highly motivated im- 
migrants. 

Broad assessments of New York are often suspect The 
city is so vast and chaotic as to defy generalization about 


white by the year 2000. 

While New York has al- 
ways been a city of extremes 
— of the super rich and des- 
perately poor — its bedrock w 

has been a large and mostly 

white working- and middle-class living in die boroughs of 
Brooklyn and Queens. Immigration has scrambled the 
racial and ethnic makeup of the middle. 

The scramble, though, has not changed die fundamental 
working-class character of Brooklyn and Queens. The 
neighborhoods there are now peopled by new arrivals who 
speak more than 100 languages and whose ethnic com- 
plexities are such that traditional labels of white, black, 
Hispanic and Asian have lost much of their meaning. A 
generalization that does have meaning is that most im- 
migrants in die 1990s are eager to accept arduous, low- 
wage jobs. 

Aware that immigrants are saving New York from the 
grisly consequences of depopulation, Mr. Giuliani end- 


TWA Crash in Mind, Boeing 
Urges Checks of Fuel Tanks 


Louvre Still Shut 
As Strike Widens 


By Matthew Wald 

New York Times Service 


WASHINGTON — With no evi- 
dence from the wreckage of what made 
Trans World Airlines Flight 800 ex- 
plode last July, Boeing is asking all 
airlines that fly 747s to inspect die 
planes' center fuel tanks for signs of 
anything that could create a spark. 

A spokesman for Boeing, Russell 
Young, said that the company had 
agreed with the Federal Aviation Ad- 
ministration that since a 10-month in- 
vestigation had not found the cause of 
the explosion, “We’ve reached an 
agreement with the FAA that it would 
be smart to go out and look at more 
airplanes.” 

In assisting the government's inves- 
tigation, Boeing has inspected the cen- 
ter fuel ranks of 10 747s but found 
nothing that could cause a spark, Mr. 
Young said. More than 1,000 of the 
airplanes are in service with airlines 
around the world. 

As Boeing made die announcement, 
the National Transportation Safety 
Board said that efforts to recover die 
wreckage of Flight 800 from the sea 
floor off the coast of Long Island had 
ended. 

Investigators, working in a hangar in 
Calverton, New York, are still examining 
the wreckage. So far, they say, they have 
found evidence that the center tank ex- 
ploded but have not established why, and 
have not found any evidence of a bomb or 
a missile. They are planning tests on parts 
of a junked 747 to determine what ev- 
idence a small bomb might leave. 

When the cause of an accident or 
mishap is known, aircraft makers often 
warn their customers to check their air- 
planes to see if a similar flaw exists. In 
this case, Boeing’s recommendations to 
its customers is unusual because no ev- 
idence of a flaw has been found. Often 
the FAA will move to make such “ser- 
vice bulletins” mandatory. 

Mr. Young said that die bulletin it 
would issue would recommend inspect- 
ing fuel pumps, fuel gauges, and the 
equipment that assures that static elec- 
tricity charges are carried away from the 
tank. He said that recent statements by 
FBI officials that a mechanical mal- 
function was more likely than a bomb 
did not prompt Boeing’s action, but, he 


sometime in June, he said, and engi- 
neers have not yet determined how 
many hours of work it would take to 
complete the work it recommends. 

A letter from Boeing to its customers 
points out that the National Transpor- 
tation Safety Board, which is pursuing 
the investigation in the crash of Flight 
800 with the FBI, has recommended 
measures to avoid future crashes. Boe- 
ing said the measures are ' ‘far-reaching 
and have broad implications for the en- 
tire industry,” which is to say they 
would be expensive. 

The board wants airlines to make sure 
that the atmosphere in nearly empty 
tanks, such as the one on Flight 800, will 
not sustain a fire or explosion, by pump- 
ing in inert gas or making sure the fuel is 
too cold to aim to a vapor. 

Boeing, in contrast, said in its letter 
that “our experience indicates that the 
protective features built into the fuel 
system are effective for the service life 
of the airplane.” 


The Associated Press 

PARIS — Striking nighttime 

S ds at the , Louvre blocked 
ce’s largest museum for a 
fourth day Sunday, with no new 
talks scheduled between the unions 
and management, a union spokes- 
man said. 

The strike, protesting working 
conditions and the loss of two hol- 
idays for the night guards, kept the 
“Mona Lisa” and other works 
locked away from a city jammed 
with thousands of tourists strolling 
in springlike weather. The museum 
usually attracts 20,000 visitors a 
day this time of year. 

Daytime guards also walked out 
in solidarity with their 100 night- 
time counterparts at the Louvre, a 
union spokesman said. 

“No negotiation has been 
opened with management.” said 
Pierre Zinenberg, a night guard and 
member of an interunion grouping. 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Hong Kong Airlines 
Ground Airbus Fleets 


HONG KONG (Reuters) — Passen- 
gers flying with Hong Kong's two air- 
lines faced delays and cancellations for 
a second day Sunday after the two car- 
riers grounded their Airbus A330-300 
fleets amid concerns about engine 
safety. 

“We’ve got 15 flights canceled today 
and doing our best where possible to get 
all our passengers onto other flights,’ ’ a 
Cathay Pacific Airways spokesman 
said, adding that some schedules had 


The travel association reported that 
so-called weekend travel — defined as 
one to five nights including a Friday or 
Saturday night stay — accounted for 52 
percent of all travel in 1996, up 70 
percent since 1986. The largest per- 
centage of weekend travel occurs in the 
summer. 


The Prince Edward Island farm- 
house that inspired author Lucy Maud 
Montgomery's book “Anne of Green 
Gables” was heavily damaged in a fire, 
and will likely be closed for the coining 
tourist season. (WP) 


had to be changed. 
Cathay Pacific s 


This Week’s Holidays 


Cathay Pacific suspended 11 Airbus 
A330-3OO aircraft Saturday, and its sister 
carrier, Hong Kong Dragon Airlines, or 
Dragonair, suspended four after a series 
of single-engine landings involving 
Rolls-Royce Trent 700 engines. 


Americans on the Road 


did not prompt Boeing’s action, but, he 
said: “It's part of the environment." 

He added, however: ‘ ‘We’vegot a lot 
of confidence in the design. Tnis is a 


good way to validate it.’ ’ 

The service bulletin will be issued 


NEW YORK (NYT) — An estimated 
230 million Americans are expected to 
travel from now through the Labor Day 
holiday in early September, according 
to the Travel Industry Association of 
America and the American Automobile 
Association. That figure is 2 percent 
higher than last year. 


Banking and government offices will 
be closed or services curtailed in the 
following countries and their depend- 
encies this week because of national and 
religious holidays: 

MONDAY: Bermuda. Bolivia. Britain. Geor- 
gia, Gibraltar. Namibia. Puerto Rico, United Stales. 

Zambia. Zimbabwe. 

WEDNESDAY : Armenia. Azerbaijan, 

Et hiopia. 

THURSDAY: Austria. Bolivia. Brazil. 
Chile. Dominican Republic. Equatorial Guinea. Ger- 
many, Grenada. Liechtenstein. Monaco. Poland, Por- 
tugal. Seychelles. Vatican City. 

FRIDAY : Croatia. Trinidad. 

Sources: JP. Morgan, Reuters , Bloomberg. 


lessly exalts the new arrivals, calling them the “key” to the 
city’s success, and his administration fights to smooth the 
process by which they receive federal assistance and be- 
come citizens. 


scrabble lives of the immi grants, say New York is evolving 
into a postindustrial city with a missing middle class. 

“These questions of income differential and wealth 
differe ntial , the differences created by lack of s kills and 
e d u ca tio n , are getting greater,” says Felix Rohatyn, toe 
former investment banker at Lazard Freres & Co. who is in 
line to become toe next American ambassador to France. He 
ran toe control board that helped pull the city back from toe 
edge of insolvency in the 1970s. “There’s been a very large 
creation of wealth for very few. I don’t think the Wall Street 
boom has improved on average toe standard of living for 
most people here.” 

There are no guarantees that the raw materials feeding 
those parts of New York that are clearly resurgent will 
remain ahntKiant- 

The long bull market cannot go on forever. Changes in 
immigration laws could slow the flow of migrants. A new 
drug could hit the streets, as crack cocaine did in the 1980s, 
and crime could explode again. 

But for the moment. New 


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Mayor Rudolph 
GhiUani has 
presided over a 
steep drop in crime 
and the city’s 
biggest budget 
surplus ever. Right, 
the World 
Financial Center in 
downtown 
Manhattan. 


worked as 


York is enjoying a sweet spot 
in its long season as Amer- 
ica’s premier city. 

With toe securities in- 
dustry coming off the most 
profitable year in its history, 
affluence in the city has ac- 
celerated to what Peter So- 
lomon, an investment 
banker, describes as a “high 
whine.” Wall Street firms 
last year earned a record 
SI 1 3 billion in pretax 
profits, according to the Se- 
curities Industry Associ- 
ation - 

Mr. Solomon, who 
inance during the Democratic 







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administration of Edward Koch, said: “There’s so much 
money coming out of Wall Street. The numbers are enor- 
mous.” 


T HE NUMBERS derive, in part, from a surge of 
cash into mutual funds, a surge that marks a 
fundamental shift in the way Americans save for 
retirement. More than 40 percent of Americans 
now own mutual fluids. What this means, according to 
Gedale Horowitz, senior managing director at Salomon 
Brothers, is that “Wall Street is now processing a larger 
percentage of all of America’s money.” 

Even as the city handles more of toe nation’s savings, toe 


number of financial middlemen here is declining. Com- 
pared with 1987, there are about 12,000 fewer professionals 
in the securities industry. This is good news, if you have a 
job. Brokers, analysts and investment bankers are making 
more money than ever. Mid-level earnings range from 
SI 50,000 to S300.000 a year. Managers pull down at least 
S600.000. Top traders take home mill i ons. 

The bottom line: Just 151.000 people make enough to 
provide the city with 1 4 percent of i ts lax revenue. The taxes 
these people pay are the primary reason for the city’s $800 
million surplus this year. 

Similarly, they have an influence on tire city's consumer 
economy, culture and charitable institutions that is wildly 


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disproportionate to their numbers. Riding toe coattails of 
Wall Street, the fashion industry, luxury retail and com- 
mercial real estate are booming. 


AMERIC 
TOP™ 




Alfred Hershey, Nobel Laureate, Dies at 88 


New- York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Alfred Hershey, 88, 
who was awarded a Nobel Prize for 
proving that DNA is the molecule that 
carries genetic information, died 
Thursday at his home in Syosset, New 
York. 

Mr. Hershey shared a Nobel Prize in 
1969 with Salvador Lima and Max Del- 
brueck for their work in discoveries 
about the genetic structure of viruses 
and how they replicate, which provided 
new insights into viral diseases and in- 
heritance. 

By the time he was honored by the 
Nobel committee, Mr. Hershey had 
been engaged in his research for de- 
cades. 

When he won his prize, other sci- 
entific leaders said that without bis 
work, James Watson and Francis Crick 
would not have been able to accomplish 
their own work for which they had been 
awarded a Nobel seven years earlier 
development of their helix model of 
DNA, which determined its molecular 
structure. 

Very little was known about viruses 


when Mr. Hershey and the men who 
would become his co-laureates, each 
working independently, began research 
on them in toe 1930s.. To l earn more 
about them, and about the basic nature 
of heredity, toe three researchers fo- 
cused on bacteriophages, viruses that 
infect bacteria. 

In her book "Scientific Elite: Nobel 
Laureates in the United States,” Harriet 
Zuckennan said that “before the prize 
finally came to the three founding fa- 
thers in 1969, it had gone to 15 mo- 
lecular biologists and biochemists for 
investigations built on foundations the 
three pioneers had laid down.” 

General Robert Russ, Headed 
Tactical Air Unit in Gulf War 

SHALIMAR, Florida (AP) — Gen- 
eral Robert Russ. 64, who headed the 
U.S. Air Farce tactical unit during the 
Gulf War, died of cancer Friday. . 

He was commanding officer of the 
Tactical Air Command, now known as 
the Air Comb3t Command, at Langley 
Air Force Base, Virginia, before he re- 
tired in March 1991. General Russ was 


considered the father of toe F-15E 
Strike Eagle, a bomb-carrying version 
of toe F-I5 Eagle air-to-air fighter, first; 
used in wartime in the Gulf. 


Edward Mulhare, 74, toe Irish actor, 
who gained fame in toe United States as- 
Captain Daniel Gregg in toe 1960s tele-! 
vision series “The Ghost and Mrs. 
Muir,” died of lung cancer Saturday in’ 
Los Angeles. Among his many roles on- 
Broadway was the lead in “My Fair 
Lady” from 1957 to I960. 


George Lessner, 92, a composer of 
music for films, television and the stage, 
died May 12 at his home in New 
Rochelle, New York. Bom in Budapest, 
he was graduated from the Royal 
Academy of Music after studying with 
Zoltan Kodaly and Bela Bartok. 


Laure Moghalzel, 68, a Lebanese 
Jawyer and a pioneer of women's rights 
in the Arab world, died in Beirut 
Sunday. She had been a member of toe 
New Yoric-based International Commit- 
tee for Human Rights since January. 


WEATHER 


Europe 


• Forecast for Tuesday throu^i Thursday, as provided by AccuWeattier. 


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North America 

Windy and cool In New 
England through Wednes- 
day, then sunny and pleas- 
ant Thursday. A from will 
trigger stovers and thun- 
deratt/ma in the Southeast 


Tuesday, followed by dry 
and cooler weather. Sunny 
and very warm in the 
Southwest, buf thunder- 
storms wffl be Ska/y In the 
central Plains. 


Europe 

England. France and most 
of Germany wfll be dry and 
pleasant with some sun- 
shine Tuesday Into Thurs- 
day. but eastern Europe 
win be cool with scattered 
showers. Soaking rans are 
likely from the Balkans to 
the Austrian Alps. Sunny 
and nice in Greece and 
most of Italy. 


Cloudy with showers likely 
in Beijing Tuesday, then 
windy and cooler Wednes- 
day and Thursday. Japan 
and Korea win be dry with 
some sun Tuesday, but 
showers wKI reach Korea 
Wednesday and southern 
Japan Thursday. Cloudy 
with rain in southeastern 
China. but st* dry and hot 
m India. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, -MONDAY, MAY 26. 1997 


PAGE 3 


THE AMERICAS 


Gephardt Rushes In to Counter Clinton’s Push to Recast the Democrats 


and Dan Balz S 

ggftMM-fUr S|-n I, I- 

WASHINGTON — in ♦- . 

£22? l?®PP° se * e agreement 
fu P ^ siden ' Bill Clinton 
and the Republican-controlled 

Confess to secure a balanced fed- 
eral budget. the passion and in- 
tensity of his remarks caught al- 
most everyone by surprise ^ 
Three weeks ago, in his first 
reacnonto the budget dei, 
Gephardt spoke positively about 
progress that had been made £ 
protecting certain domestic spend- 
mg programs. On Tuesda>V the 
Democrat denounced the 
agreement in the starkest possible 


~. r Tv The P uck age. he said, had 
a deficit of principle, a deficit of 
t aim ess. a deficit of lax justice and, 
w 9** 1 °* all, a deficit of dollars." 

Mr Gephardt’s speech repre- 
sented the first in a series of ax- 
tacks against the direction Mr. 
Clinton has charted at the begin- 
n «ng of his second term. 

Mr- Gephardt will go to Detroit 
on Tuesday for a speech in which 
he will outline hjs opposition to 
extending normal trade privileges 
to China. He already has signaled 
his intention to oppose a White 
House request for authority to ex- 
pand the North American Free 
Trade Agreement on an accelerated 
timetable, a battle that will come 
later in the year. Still simmering are 
Mr. Gephardt’s differences with 
Mr. Clinton over the welfare law' 
thepresident signed last year. 
Those differences eventually 


may fuel a Gephardt presidential 
candidacy against Vice President 
AJ Gore in 2000. For now, they 
represent a debate over the prin- 
ciples of what it means to be a 
Democrat in the 1990s. a clash 
between Mr. Clinton’s push to re- 
cast the parry and Mr. Gephardt’s 
effort to reassert the importance of 
protecting the party’s traditional 
values and constituencies while 
updating its image. 

A 1 From, president of the cent- 
rist Democratic Leadership Coun- 
cil, called the split between Mr. 
Gephardt and the White House 
“another chapter in a very long 
struggle” over the direction of the 
Democratic Part)-. 

“By Gephardt doing what he 
did on the budget and what he does 
on trade, he will really have drawn 
the lines clearly." said Mr. From, 
who sides with the president in the 


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debate. "And they are the fault 
lines in the party. The president 
aid vice president will be on one 
side, and the minority leader of the 
House will be on the other. It will 
be a test of whether the pan of the 
party that represents the national 
[merest or the part of the party that 
represents the constituency in- 
terests will dominate. * ’ 

Others see the battle differently. 
“I think A1 From has played that 
flute of trying to create basically a 
new Democratic Part)', and 1 don ’t 
think he’s succeeded,” said Ger- 
ald McEntee, president of the 
American Federation of State, 
Count)’ and Municipal Employ- 
ees, one of the unions belonging to 
the AFL-CIO labor federation mat 
have opposed the budget agree- 
ment. “One of the basic principles 
of the Democratic Party is that 
they believe in fair taxation.” . 


Over the past two years, this 
debate was deferred in favor of the 
sident’s re-election campaign, 
competing wings of the parry 
temporarily set aside their differ- 
ences 10 overcome whai they saw 
as a serious threat from a resurgent 
Republican Party that took control 
of the Congress in 1994. Now. 
with Mr. Clinion safely re-elected 
and the Republican majority in 
Congress narrower and less con- 
frontational, Democrats are pre- 
pared to argue over the shape of 
their future. 

Mr. Gephardt's sharp rhetoric 
unsettled some of his House col- 
leagues — and only 71 of them 
(roughly one-third of the Demo- 
crats in the House) joined him in 
opposing the budget agreement. 
“Members were somewhat aston- 
ished at how strongly he came out 
against it,” a libera) Democrat 


who had voted for the budget plan 
said. ‘ ’I thought it w as a tough call, 
and for him to define it so sharply 
really caused a division.” 

Given Mr. Gephardt’s slinging 
denunciation of tbe plan, another 
Democrat who supported it said, 
"What does that say about us? Are 
we callous to the' poor and fa- 
voring the rich?” 

Mr. Gephardt offered no apo- 
logies during an interview in his 
office late last week. “Everybody 
has to look at this and decide on 
their own what is best for their 
constituency and best for the 
country’,” he said. ”We come to 
different conclusions. It is never a 
clear-cut choice.” 

Mr. Gephardt dismissed talk that 
his presidential ambitions and his 
desire to find differences with Mr. 
Gore had motivated him to oppose 
the budget deal. “It never gives 


anybody credit for having beliefs 
or having feelings or trying to do 
what they were elected to do,” he 
said of that argument. “It focuses 
everything through one pi ism.” 

Gephardt aides make no secret 
of the fact that relations between 
the president and the minority 
leader are not good — they are 
"nonexistent,” a Gephardt aide 
said — and those with Mr. Gore 
are only a little better. 

But they argued that none of the 
positions the minority leader was 
espousing on the budget or trade 
represented a change from where 
he had long stood. "These aren’t 
positions he just came to today.” a 
Gephardt adviser said. “He's 
been talking about raising the 
standard of Living and the growing 
disparity of income for a long 
rime. He thinks this budget makes 
matters worse.” 


«ate, Dies at 88 


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Testimony Bares Army Role 
In Mexican Drug Corruption 

Raids Were Allegedly Carried Out to Help Trafficker 


I ACrKir- n Don CamatlAicBa Frwyr-ftaif 

LOSING BATTLE — A Marine Corps team pulling against the New York 
City police in a tug-of-war staged by a New York museum. The Marines lost. 


AMERICAN 


TOPICS 


Who Killed Froggie? 

The frogs are dead on arrival in 
Christine Karlberg's middle-school sci- 
ence classes in Orange County. California. 
Her students' task is to find out why. 

Mrs. Karlbeig tries to enliven frog dis- 
section by placing preserved frogs in mini- 
anire crime scenes and assigning seventh- 
graders to figure out whodunit. 

Students love the challenge. Animal 
rights groups are less than thrilled. 

. Frogs are posed in doll furniture and 
given toe tags. Stray hairs, fake blood, 
footprints, fingerprints and other evidence 
are left ai the scene. 

The late D. Frog, for example, was 
found dead in a bathtub. A certain K.C. 
Amphibious had a stab wound. 

A smiling Robert Washington. 13. 
pinned one crime on his teacher. ‘ ‘She took 
a pencil and she stabbed it in the throat,” 
he said. 

The clues? “We had pencil fibers and 
pencil erasings,” and Mrs. Karlberg had a 
flimsy alibi. 

The exercise, school officials say. helps 
students leam the steps of scientific prob- 
lem-solving. 

No one at the school kills the frogs; the 
supplier delivers them in formaldehyde. 
Still some animal rights organizations 
have protested what they call disrespectful 
treatment of the amphibians. 

Roben Washington's mother would 

disagree. , . , , 

“This.” she said, “has been the only 
time in the whole history of school he has 
talked about science:” 


Short Takes 

Harvard University has acknowl- 
edged that it has a “woman problem.” 
Women account for only 48 of 4 1 8 tenured 
faculty members in the Faculty of Arts and 
Sciences, a mere 11.5 percent. In its de- 
fense, the school notes that since 1991, 24 
percent of appointments to tenured po- 
sitions have gone to women, up from 15 
percent five years earlier. Some unhappy 
alumnae have placed their donations to die 
school into an escrow account, available 
only when the school does better. The 
Boston Globe reported. Protesters point 
out that 45 percent of the class of 2000 at 
Harvard College are women. 

At Virtual Emporium, anew store in 
New York, shoppers can sit, free of 
charge, at one of 16 computers and shop 
on-line. A store opened by the same com- 
pany last year in Sana Monica, California, 
has flourished as on-line shopping grows 
in popularity. Last year, orders via the 
Internet totaled nearly $1 billion, about 50 
percent more than die previous year. Vir- 
tual Emporium makes money from re- 
tailers. which pay for die right to be on the 
company’s list 

An effort to discourage a naked soc- 
cer game at Luther College in Decorah, 
Iowa, led to an arrest and even more na- 
kedness. There were no goals and, at times, 
no soccer ball as 200 students, many of 
them unclad, celebrated the end of final 
exams. Mirsad Zahirovic, a computer sci- 
ence major, was arrested after, he tried to 
stop a police officer from videotaping the 
game. The arrest angered the crowd, 
prompting some clothed students to sur- 
round the officer, and others to doff their 
clothes. A wild scene — but, then, the 
place is called Decorah, nor Decorum. 

Iniernathnal Herald Tribune 


By Sam Dillon . 
and Craig Pyes 

jVfw York Tunes Service 

MEXICO CITY — Some 
of Mexico’s most prominent 
anti-drug operations of the 
past year were undertaken at 
the behest of Mexico's 
biggest drug baron, who had 
enlisted corrupt generals in 
his war against a competitor, 
military officers have testi- 
fied in secret court proceed- 
ings here. 

The testimony, which 
came in parallel .court-martial 
and criminal inquiries, shows 
how drug corruption has 
spread more widely through 
Mexico than previously 
thought, and offers a richly 
detailed account of how traf- 
fickers have undertaken to 
suborn even Mexico’s 
highest-ranking leaders. 

The testimony also raises 
questions about efforts by the 
Mexican and U.S. govern- 
ments to rely on the military 
in the fight against drugs 
rather than on the police, 
which have already been 
tainted by corruption. 

The new details are part of 
the case against General Jesus 
Gutierrez Rebollo, 63, who 
was arrested in February on 
corruption charges. 

According to a 1,100-page 
record of the proceedings, at 
least 14 army captains, lieu- 


3 


tenants and noncommis- 
sioned officers are cooperat- 
ing with military and civilian 
prosecutors in their cases 


against General Gutierrez. 

The officers testified that 
many of the manhunts, house- 
to-house searches and other 
efforts hailed by the govern- 
ment as evidence of its co- 
operation in die war on drugs 
were collaborative ventures. 

Units of the Mexican mil- 
itary, they said, worked 
closely with eavesdropping 
experts and gunmen working 
for Amado Carrillo Fuentes, a 
drug trafficker who helped 
pay for the attacks on his 
rivals, the officers said. 

These operations, the of- 
ficers said, included the 
army's wide sweep through 
Tijuana in March 1996, a na- 
tionwide dragnet last fall for 
the killers of a police com- 
mander and tbe navy's 
seizure of a cocaine-laden 
freighter in January. 

The arrest of General Gu- 
tierrez in February came just 
as die United States was 
weighing its annual certific- 
ation of Mexico’s full cooper- 
ation in the drug war. 

The arrest drew scathing 
criticism in Congress as a rev- 
elation of the extent of cor- 
ruption, even as • U.S. and 
Mexican officials portrayed it 
as an instance of Mexico’s 
determination to clean up the 
military. 

President Ernesto Zedillo, 
in an interview on the eve of 
President Bill Clinton's visit 
here early this month, called 
the military “the best people 
that Mexico has, in spite of 
Gutierrez Rebollo.” 


But officers have named at 
least four generals, in addi- 
tion to General Gutierrez, as 
collaborators with Mr. Car- 
rillo Fuentes. 

In .one case, die trafficker 
was said to be using an air 
base commanded by one of 
his military associates to land 
drug planes. 

After another general died 
in an air crash in September 
1995. Mr. Carrillo Fuentes 
and his wife were photo- 
graphed at his funeral, ac- 
cording to the testimony. 

General Gutierrez, who for 
seven years before his arrest 
was the commander in five 
central states and, starting in 
December, Mexico's anti- 
drug czar, has added to the 
fireworks. 

He has denied the charges 
against him and has argued in 
documents filed with the 
court that he kept the sec- 
retary of defense. General En- 
rique Cervantes Aguirre, and 
his predecessor informed of 
all of his anti-drug efforts, 
including his dealings with 
Mr. Carrillo Fuentes s orga- 
nization. 

■ Zedillo Comments ’ 

President Zedillo acknowl- 
edged over the weekend that 
“vices and deformations” 
exist in Mexican law enforce- 
ment, The Associated Press 
reported. Speaking to Mex- 
ico's second-largest union 
federation, Mr. Zedillo said 
corruption in Mexico was 
cause for “indignation." 


Away From Politics 

• The first female B-52 pilot will appeal the 

order under which she was allowed to resign 
from the U.S. Air Force to avoid being court- 
martialed for adultery and insubord inati on, 
her lawyer said Sunday. Fust Lieutenant 
Kelly Flinn planned to file the appeal and seek 
an honorable discharge after the air force 
secretary, Sheila Widnall — who decided her 
case — retires, perhaps later this year. Lieu- 
tenant Flinn ’s lawyer. Frank Spinner, said on 
an NBC news program:. (Reuters) 

• The astronaut Jerry Linenger walked off 
the space shuttle Atlantis under his own 
power, after 122 occasionally tense days 
aboard the aged Russian Mir space station. 


After touchdown, be stood up, then crawled 
through Atlantis's side hatch before being 
taken away for medical tests and a family 
reunion. The shuttle was held up for an hour 
and a half by cloudy weather, then glided to a 
somewhat windy touchdown at the Kennedy 
Space Center after a nine-day flight. fWP) 

• Two teenagers stabbed a real estate agent 
at least 30 times and tried to chop off his 
hands so that the police could not use fin- 
gerprints to identify him, then dumped him in 
a lake in Central Park, New York prosecutors 
said. Daphne Abdel a, 15, also ordered her 
boyfriend, 15 -year-old Christopher Vasquez, 
to ‘ ‘gut the body so it would sink’ ’ in the lake, 
a prosecutor said. Tbe teenagers, charged 
with murder and robbery, are accused of 
killing Michael McMorrow, 44. (AP) 


ig Out Syphilis 


By Susan Okie 

W.ishineton Pea Service 


WASHINGTON — New cases of 

SSSSSSKS^BS 

SSd disease from the country in the 

nC New cases were heavily concentrated 
in a few dozen cities and counties, 
nrimarilv in the South. Among them 
itoSSrS cities of Washington, Bal- 
^ rimore and Richmond. Virginia. 

Baltimore County. Maryland, w.ih 
6 ->9 new infections last year, was the 
ns county with the most cases, ac- 
clrfng to_provisio„aJ_1996figures^ 


cillin since 1947. The infection is 
caused by a bacterium. Treponema pal- 
lidum, that can damage tissues in many 
organs of the body. 

The initial symptoms — a painless 
sore followed by a rash — often go 
unnoticed and disappear without treat- 
ment, but the bacteria can persist in the 
body for years. Untreated, the infection 
can invade all parts of die body, causing 
pain and eventually leading to general 
paralysis and death. 

People with syphilis are more likely 
than others to become infected with the 
vims that causes acquired immune de- 
ficiency syndrome when they are ex- 
posed to the virus. . 

People infected with this human im- 
munodeficiency virus who also have 
ihilis’ are more likely than 


cording to P r ri^7centersforDisease active syphilis are more uxeiy man 
lectedbYthefcd Seventy-three those without syphilis to transmit die 

Control and Prewnjjo ■ ® J> ed no AJDS ^ 5 . if a woman has syphilis 

percent of i 9 ^°and half during pregnancy, the disease can cause 

new cases of syphuis^^ stillbirth, miscarriage or serious com- B — — t™ 

of the 1 1 -624 cares reporred last year ^ Qns ^ including mental mes of designing a plan to elm 

rvnirred in just 37 counties. L.,*«tsirinn syphilis but did not have figures 01 

0C Thedecline in new cases provides a re ^ ^ f succeS sfuI treat- much it would cost. The agency' 

heltdirector of the Division ofSe3 “^ 

Transmitted Disease Prevention at the 
federal health agency 


Since die advent — m - - 
menr. a country’s or a city s syphilis rate 
has been considered a key indicator of 
the quality of its public-health system. 

“It’s been eliminated, from ^several 
industrialized countries. Dr. Wasrer- 
heit said. The current U.S. syphilis rate 
is 10 times the Canadian rate of 0.4 cases 

syphilis rates 
with peaks and 


1 00,000 people. Last year’s rare was 4.4 
per 100,000. close to the historic low of 
3.9 per 100,000 that occurred in 1956 
and 1957. 

• The recent decline is partly because 
of the cyclical nature of the disease and 
partly because of more aggressive treat- 
ment efforts by state and local health 
officials after the 1980s epidemic, said 
Michael St Louis of the Centers for 
Disease Control and Prevention. 

The syphilis rate in blacks is almost 
60 times that in whites, reflecting a 
pattern of racial disparity that has per- 
sisted ar least since tbe 1930s. 

A recent historical study by research- 
ers at Penn State University suggests 
that this disparity originated with an 
epidemic among Southern blacks 
triggered by the social disruption caused 
by World War L 

A spokesman for the Centers for Dis- 
ease Control and Prevention said the 
agency was “looking at the possibil- 
ities” of designing a plan to eliminate 
figures on how 
... agency's cur- 
rent budget for control of sexually trans- 
mitted' diseases. is about S106 million 
annually, of which about $80 million 
goes to stare and local health depart- 
ments. and has not increased in a num- 
ber of years. 

. Agency officials said an elimination 
campaign would require a substantial 
effort to improve detection, treatment 
and reporting in the areas with the 
highest syphilis rates. 

: alu 


The alternative, veiy likely,” Dr. 
SK^ordmTuse- The recent steep Wasserheit said, "is another epidemic 
. ‘plagues and peoples. S Sn LSe s followed a nationwide fairly soon, with consequences not only 

author of rg disease erup- decline m case in the in terms of damage to babies but also an 

Syphilis been c ^ 


Have you been to 


THE INTERMARKET 


today? 


Don’t miss it. A lot happens there. 


On June 17th, the International Herald Tribune 
will publish a Special Report on: 

AEROSPACE 

Among the topics to be covered are: 

• Eastern Europe as a hot market for 
fighter planes. 

• Implications on the environment from 
growth of commercial air travel 

• Flight testing of the F-22 to begin this year. 

'• What are the prospects for Europe’s air 

defense industries? 

• The players and the stakes in the militar y 

itelBte race. v 



TTus section coincided with the Le Bourgel Air Show 
with bonus distribution during the show. 

For further information, please contact Patricia Gantry in Paris ai 
(33-1) 41 43 93 79. Fax: (33-1) 41 43 92 12 
or e-mail: supplements@ihLcom 

THE WORLD’S DAILY NEWSPAPER 


POLITICAL NOTES 


Clinton Goes on the Attack 

WASHINGTON — In a harsh attack reminiscent of 
the budget fights of two years ago. President Bill Clinton 
has accused the Republican Congress of an "uncon- 
scionable” failure for taking a spring vacation without 
voting on measures authorizing billions of dollars in relief 
for flood-soaked stales. 

“Without taking action. Congress left town, and our 
people were left in die lurch.” the president said Saturday 
in his weekly radio address. 

Both parties agree on the need for relief, but the 
legislation providing for it has become bogged down in 
bickering over unrelated measures. 

“Unless Congress approves these disaster relief funds, 
the victims cannot begin their long-term recover)’,” he 
said. * ‘They can’t rebuild homes ana businesses. Fanners 
can't dig out their fields to plant crops. These people are 
in dire need, and Congress has failed to act for them. That 
is unconscionable.” 

Republicans argue that even without the legislation, 
federal emergency officials have at least ,S2 billion in the 
pipeline to help flood victims, which should sustain relief 
efforts through at least midsummer. (NYT) 

New Logging Slated for Alaska 

WASHINGTON — The Forest Service has authorized 
extensive new logging for the next 1 0 years in the Tongass 
National Forest in southeastern Alaska, the nation's last 
expanse of old-growth temperate rain forests. 


i plan calls for cutting 220 million to 267 million 
board feet of timber a year: about enough to load 50,000 
logging trucks or build 20.000 houses ayear- It is less than 
the region's loggers and the state’s congressional del- 
egation sought, but more than leading environmental 
groups deemed acceptable. 

The plan is a reduction from logging levels in years 
past, when two pulp mills in Alaska operated under long- 
term contracts mat gave them extensive logging rights in 
the forest. Those mills have been closed under pressure 
from environmentalists, leading to steep reductions in 
timber sales from the Tongass last year. The new plan 
envisiotis a rebound from last year’s'leVel. 

The Alaska Forest Association, an industry group, 
denounced the plan. “The volume of timber to be made 
available annually under this plan will clearly be in- 
adequate to sustain an integrated timber industry in south- 
east Alaska,” said Jack Phelps, the group’s director. 

Leading environmental groups said the plan did not go 
far enough to protect wildlife. They cited a 1 994 scientific 
review that criticized the Forest Service's basic approach 
and called for the agency to defer logging in remaining 
undisturbed areas. (NYT) 


Quote/Unquote 


Rodney Smette, a banker in Grand Forks, North 
Dakota, on why people are spending time shoveling mud 
out of basements in the flood-ravaged city rather than 
worrying about what lawmakers are doing in Congress, 
which has been unable to pass disaster relief legislation: 
"We’d be sitting here with little portable heaters in 
December if we waited for them.' ’ (NIT) 



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After 30 Years , Is the Suharto Government Showing 6 Regime Fatigue ? 


By Keith B. Richburg 

Washington Post Service 


JAKARTA — President Suhaxto gained anew 
distinction recently: With the fall of Mobutu 
Sese Seko in Zaire, die Indonesian president's 30 
years in power now rank hire second in tenure, 
just behind Fidel Castro of Cuba, among the 
world’s leaders. 

And like his counterparts elsewhere, Mr. 
Suharto is discovering that in politics, as in love, 
familiarity can breed frustration and discontent. 

There are no indications that Mr. Suharto. 75, 
is facing anything like a Mobutu-style exit from 
the political scene. There are no rebels sur- 
rounding the capital and no obvious successors 
waiting in the wings. The Indonesian military 
backs Mr. Suharto, while the system he created 
rigidly constrains most forms of political ex- 
pression. 

Yet the signs of mounting popular disaffection 
are palpable, from the thick-carpeted board- 
rooms along Jakarta’s high-rise commercial 
strips to the slums south and east of the city, 
where unemployed young men in T-shirts and 


headbands challenge police lines with stones and 
Molotov cocktails. Everyone, it seems, is clam- 
oring for change — but a change to what, no one 
is quite sure. 

‘ 'I think this Suharto government is suffering 
from regime fatigue," said Susanto Pudjomar- 
tono,_ chief editor of die English-language daily 
newspaper the Jakarta Post "If a regime has 
ruled for 30 years, it has lost its touch." 

Campaigning for Thursday’s elections for In- 
donesia’s rubber-stamp Parliament — normally 
a lackluster contest among three government- 
sanctioned parties — has sparked rioting this 
year in Jakarta and across central Java and else- 
where. Tension also flared into violence earlier 
this year between Indonesia’s majority Muslim 
population and the economically privileged eth- 
nic Chinese minority. 

Newspapers and magazines, normally re- 
strained in their coverage of politics, lately have 
shown more bite, even treading into such sen- 
sitive areas as die business dealings of the 
Suharto children. And members of Jakarta’s 
normally conservative middle-class elite have 
become surprisingly candid in their criticism of 


Mr. Suharto — and in their suggestions that it is 
time for him to leave. 

While political life in Indonesia remains 
strictly and stubbornly controlled from the top, 
there is evidence of a more subtle, but potentially 
far-reaching “revolution" of sorts stirring be- 
neath die surface. 

Some 20 mini mi Indonesians, or 10 percent of 
die population, are estimated to have access to 
satellite television, opening a world of infor- 
mation to them outside the government's con- 
trol, such as p ro gram s on CNN. Satellite dishes 
and receivers cost as tittle as $200. There is also 
an impressive array of independent, grass-roots 
organizations — legal aid societies, human 
rights groups and environmental organizations. 

Like South Korea and Taiwan, two other 
military-led regimes that shifted peacefully to 
democracy in recent years, Indonesia "has the 
same pattern of extended economic growth cre- 
ating social change, and a middle class no longer 
willing to be denied a place in the political 
system,” said a Western diplomat. 

Indonesians want to avoid a violent upheaval 
like the one over leadership succession three 


ago. The Indonesian Communist Party 
attempted a coup by assassi n ating top a nnv 
generals, and the military seized power and 
embarked on a ruthless campaign of bloodletting 
against suspected leftists. 

“Everyone agrees that for the government not 
to respond to the pressures will be dangerous." 
said apolitical scientist, Dewi Fomina Anwar, of 
the Indonesian Institute of Sciences. “But how 
far to respond is the question,” she said, adding. 
“There, is a lot of disagreement about how fast 
to do it, and to what degree.” 

Mr. Pudjomartono. the Jakarta Post editor, 
said, “We lack the courage to topple Suharto." 

The more likely scenario is gradual change 
from within the system, led by an accepted, 
moderate figure of the establishment. To many, 
Megawati Sukarnoputri, daughter of Indonesia's 
first president, Sukarno, offers the best hope. 

Mrs. Megawati is anything but radica l . She 
stays withm the confined legal boundaries. 
When the government orchestrated her removal 
as head of the small Indonesian Democratic 
Party, she challenged it not in the streets but in 
the courts. Since being dumped as party leader. 


Delicate Balance Along the Ganges 

India and Bangladesh Hope Water Deal Ends Decades of Enmity 


By John F. Bums 

New York Times Service 


HARDINGE BRIDGE. Bangladesh 
— Not Jong after the sun rose above this 
rusty railroad bridge on a recent morn- 
ing. a battered blue launch pulled away 
from a jetty beside the Padma River, as 
. the Ganges is known after it leaves India 
and enters Bangladesh. 

Chugging among femes and fishing 
boats, the launch dropped anchor just 
upstream of the bridge, where the river 
runs south through marshy flatlands to- 
ward the Bay of BengaL After checking 
their position with a sextant, die crew 
members opened a hatch and lowered a 
torpedo-like device with a shiny pro- 
peller into the Padma's sluggish waters. 

“I feel that the eyes of India and 
Bangladesh are on us out here." said 
Hari Shankar Choudhary, the Indian co- 
leader of a ream of Indian and Banglade- 
shi officials who have gone out on the 
river every morning this year to measure 
its flow and depth. Man warul Islam. Mr. 
Choudhaiy's Bangladeshi counterpart, 
nodded in agreement 

After 50 years of bitterness over the 
Ganges, India and Bangladesh are six 
months into a 30-year water-sharing 
treaty that both nations have described as 
the basis for a new relationship. Signed 
in December, it has been widely hailed 
as the model for what is known in the 
region as die Gujral doctrine, after LKL 
Gujral, India's new prime minister. 

Mr. Gujral has set out to remake 
India's relations with the nations that 
share die subcontinent He has argued 
that India, as the most powerful country 
in the area, most be generous with its 
neighbors. 

Taking the lead in breaking the cycle 
of enmity, he seeks a breakthrough in 
easing poverty. By some measures it 
makes die region, with one-fifth of the 
world's people, even more deprived 
than sub-Saharan Africa. 

India has cited the Ganges treaty with 
Bangladesh, pushed through by Mr. 
Gujral when he was foreign minister, as a 
model ofits new approach. But problems 
in carrying out the accord have shown 
some of the pi {falls awaiting any effort to 
overcome the longstanding disputes. 

In late March, at a critical moment in 
the planting season for 40 million 
people in the part of Bangladesh 
watered by the Padma, river levels ar 
Hardinge Bridge dropped to the lowest 
ever recorded. 

With Bangladesh getting barely a sixth 
of the water pledged to it under the treaty, 
government officials accused India of 
cheating, which Indian officials angrily 
denied. At cities in the Padma River 


delta, and in Dhaka, farmers blocked 
roads in protest as crops withered. 

For the farmers, as well as for mil- 
lions of others who depend on the 
Padma for their livelihoods, the river 
flows are a matter of life or death. 

For die moment, unseasonal spring 
rains have eased the crisis, with the river 
ax Hardinge Bridge back to levels that 
normally develop later in the spring, 
when rising summer heat on the north 
Indian plain melts snow in the Him- 
alayas. 

The respite has allowed officials on 
both sides of the border to say that the 
Ganges accord could be a turning point, 
not only for India and Bangladesh, but 
also for nations elsewhere that face river 
conflicts with their neighbors. 

The Ganges dispute is rare of many 
that have prompted warnings in recent 


India Looks Forward 
To Normal Monsoon 

Reuters 

NEW DELHI — Annual mon- 
soon rains in India in 1997 are likely 
to be normal for the 10th successive 
year, the Meteorological Depart- 
ment said Sunday. 

The department said nine of 16 
measures used to predict the mon- 
soon were favorable and that there 
was “a very good probability of a 
normal monsoon this year.” 

In much of India, the southwest 
monsoon provides most of the an- 
nual rainfalL The Indian economy 
remains primarily agriculture-based, 
and a de qua te rainfall is important to 
farm production, national income 
and die effort to keep down prices. 


years that the 21st century could see a 
return to the distant past, when tribes 
and potentates in arid regions fought 
over scarce water. la 1991, one of the 
starkest forecasts was given by Boutros 
Boutros Ghali. when he was still a 
deputy prime minister of Egypt and 
about to be appointed secretary -general 
of the United Nations. 

“The next war in the Middle East will 
be over water, not politics,” he said. 

Many of the world's great rivers flow 
across national frontiers, and over die 
centuries there have been disputes. 
These have only sharpened as environ- 
mental issues have compounded age- 
old conflicts over water-sharing. 

Of all the disputed rivers, none affects 
so many people as the Ganges. Rising in 


Nepal, it flows 2240 kilometers (1,400 
miles) through die north Indian states of 
Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal 
before reaching Bangladesh andflow- 
i ng into the Bay of BengaL 

Indian s tudies have estimated that the 
river and its tributaries affect the lives of 
more than 500 million people. The fig- 
ure is nearly half the 1.1 billion pop- 
ulation of India, Bangladesh, Nepal and 
Bhutan, another small Himalayan na- 
tion whose rivers feed die Ganges. 

The region constitutes what one In- 
dian expert who has studied the Ganges 
dispute, B.G. Verghese, has called “a 
vast poverty sink”: Tens of millions of 
people living at the edge of subsistence, 
with some of the lowest per-capita in- 
comes anywhere; illiteracy rates of 50 
percent and mare; birthrates that have 
nearly tripled populations in 50 years; 
falling agricultural productivity; endem- 
ic levels of disease, and in recent decades 
increasingly serious water shortages. 

The paradox is that die area is one of 
the most heavily watered anywhere. 
Some parts of northern India get more 
than 3 feet of rain between July and 
October. 

Historians have credited abundant 
monsoons with giving rise, more than 
3,000 years ago, to Hindu civilization. 
But despite ancient waterworks along 
the Ganges that were one of the wonders 
of their age, modem governments have 
failed to harness the monsoons. 

Since Indian independence in 1947, 
proposals for dams in Nepal that could 
have doubled the Ganges's dry-season 
flows have repeatedly foundered be- 
cause of environmental concerns and 
political enmities. 

The new treaty sets 10-day periods 
from March to May in which India and 
Bangladesh will alternately take most of 
the water reaching Farakka, set at a 
minimum of 34.500 cubic feet a 
second. 

But on March 27, during a period 
when the flows were supposed to favor 
Bangladesh, the monitoring team at 
Hardinge Bridge recorded only 6,500 
cubic feet a second, the lowest figure 
ever. 

Many Bangladeshis were furious, ac- 
cusing India of diverting water at night 
when no monitoring team was present 

“It speaks volumes for the pathology 
that affects this issue in Bangladesh," 
said Ramaswaray Iyer, a retired Indian 
official who helped lay the groundwork 
for the treaty. “The moment there is a 
problem, the first tiling Bangladeshis 
say is, 'Ah, the bloody Indians have 
done it again, they've stolen our water.’ 
It's very difficult to deal with such mis- 
trust" 



Fiondc de Nanm/Rencn 


A boy salvaging belongings from a burned area in Banjarmasin, on 
Borneo, after rioting on the last day of the Indonesian election campaign. 

AFGHANISTAN: Warlord Quits Region 


Continued from Page 1 


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as if Afghans are about to know the 
feeling of peace in one of the world’s 
poorest countries. 

Peace would open opportunities for 
trade through Afghanistan from Central 
Asia, particularly the construction of oil 
and natural gas pipelines to Pakistan and 
India. 

Some Afghanistan specialists have 
said Pakistan has provided fuel and stra- 
tegic advice to bolster the Taleban. 

But stability under the Taleban also 
troubles the governments of many na- 
tions. including Pakistan and the United 
States, because of the purist and coercive 
version of Islam already enforced in 
territory under its control. 

Girls cannot attend secular schools, 
most women cannot work outside the 
home and men have to grow beards and 
pray in mosques. 

The Taleban 's extensive rules, which 
some Islamic scholars maintain have 
their basis in tribal customs but not re- 
ligious texts, extend to matters of dress 
and entertainment 

The new leaders of northern Afghan- 
istan, Dustara defectors, indicated that 
the Taleban rulebook would be applied 
at least for the time being in Mazar-i- 
Sharif, a freewheeling city of 200.000 
where men have indulged in un-Islamic 
practices like drinking alcohol and 
gambling on sporting contests. 

Coeducation is to end, and female 
students will not be able to attend school 
until funds are found to finance separate 
ones, according to Abdul Malik, General 
Dustam’s successor as leader of his pre- 
dominantly ethnic Uzbek faction. 

Many Mazar residents have appeared 
fearful of the restrictions. A shopkeeper 
who closed his shop when word spread of 
the coming of Taleban allies pulled down 
his sign and hid it inside. He sells video- 
tapes, which the Taleban has banned. 

Others are defiant Saturday afternoon 
a curly-haired taxi driver moaned, 
“Taleban, Taleban,’’ and then dramat- 
ically flipped on a cassette tape of a 
popular Afghan star singing the kind of 
secular music that the fundamentalist 
government has also prohibited. 

But peace does appear to be on its 
way, brought by the Taleban. About 
2,500 of its soldiers airived in Mazar-i- 
Sharif a day after their allies took the 
city. 

General Dustam’s army, estimated to 
be 40.000 to 60,000 strong, has been 
integrated into pro -Taleban forces with- 
out much trouble. Mr. Malik said. The 
new leader of General Dustam’s faction 
was his foreign affairs director until de- 
fecting to the Taleban last week. 

General Dustam's deputy, Majid 
Rouzi, has smoothly retained his po- 
sition in the faction and allied himself 
with the Taleban. 

According to Mr. Malik’s count, the 
Taleban and its allies now control all but 
four of Afghanistan's 28 provinces. Mr. 
Malik was apparently motivated by a 
blood feud to defect to the Taleban after 
the assassination last year of a brother . 
and last week of a‘ close friend, both 
allegedly on General Dustam’s orders. 



Jaapej DnrnnbooMpaee Fmoec^Vent 

Former President Burhanuddin 
Rabbani has fled Af ghanis ta n to 
Iran, Pakistan announced Sunday. 


she is banned from running in the current elec- 
tions. She announced that shewould refrain from ^ 
voting, but she stopped short of calling for an 
election boycott because that would have been 

illegal. .... „ .. 

“Megawati is not ana-establishment, said 
Subagio Anam, a businessman and aide to the 
opposition leader. “She is pan of die estab- . 
lishment” he said. “If you go outside the sys- 
tem, you will be totally crushed." 

With Mrs. Megawati, by far the most pop- 
ular opposition leader, effectively banned 
from politics, the approaching election holds 
little suspense. The ruling Golkar party and its 
two gwiaii, legally authorized rivals have 
identical platforms, all the candidates have 
been vetted and approved by the military, and 
all support the appointment of Mr. Suharto for 
an other five-year presidential term be ginnin g 
next year. . 

So tightly is the system controlled that Haji 
Harmoko, the Golkar chair man who is also in- 
formation minister, predicted that his party will 
win 70.02 percent of the vote. Few expect him to 
be far off die mark. 

INDONESIA: 

Rioting on Borneo A 

Continued from Page 1 

For the moment, the cooling-off peri- 
od has held, with no reports of violence 
or street rallies over the weekend. The 
streets of Jakarta, the capital, where ri- 
oting also flared Friday, were quiet 
Sunday, shorn of the bright green, yel- 
low and red campaign banners and flags 
of die three sanctioned political parties. 

In a tightly orchestrated procedure, 
voters will elect 425 members of a 
largely ceremonial Parliament that has 
been dominated for three decades by 
s up por te rs of President Suharto. 

Those members will join 75 delegates 
from the politically influential military. 

The 500-member body will join next 
year with 500 delegates selected by the 
government to form a People's Con- 
sultative Assembly that will select the 
next president 

Mr. Suharto, 75, who has ruled this 
nation of 200 milli on people for 30 
years, is widely expected to decide to 
r emain for another five-year term. He 
has been the candidate of all three parties \ j» 
in every previous assembly. r 

He himself has voiced worries about 
the sort of violence that has erupted 
during the campaign and in the past year. . 

4 ‘A complex society can be vulnerable to 
unrest if not handled carefully,” he said 
in December. 

In recent months, rioting has broken 
out on the main island of Java as well as 
in Kalimantan, set off by incidents as 
varied as police abuses, ethnic confron- 
tations and neighborhood disputes. 

In Banjarmasin, witnesses said the 
riot began, like the violence Friday in 
Jakarta, when members of rival political 
parties clashed. It quickly exploded into 
widespread vandalism and arson that 
targeted a Protestant church, a branch of 
the Lrppo Bank, a supermarket and a 
four-star hotel, among other buildings. 

Rescue officials said that shops in die 
four-story complex had closed as the 
rioting spread and that all the bodies 
were believed to be those of rioters and 
looters. 

“All of them were criminals,’’ an 
official said. “They were taking ad- 
vantage of the rioting." 

■ Indonesian Rivals Collide 

Most residents in Banjarmasin, de- 
scribed by guidebooks as the Venice of 
Indonesia for its canals and floating mar- 
kets, said they had stayed inside Friday. 

The violence started with the burning 
of the provincial headquarters of the A 
governing Golkar party after clashes be- 
tween Golkar supporters and those from 
the rival Muslim-oriented United De- 
velopment Party. 

Rioters then set ablaze a Protestant 
Batak minority church, which in turn ig- 
nited a crowded neighborhood of wooden 
houses, destroying hundreds of homes 
that were still smoldering 48 hours later. 


BRIEFLY 


Burma Opposition 
Insists It Will Meet 

BANGKOK — Burma’s opposi- 
tion. led by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, 
said Sunday it would go ahead with a 
party meeting this week despite the 
detention of 192 members by the ruling 
military. 

“We are all waiting to see what 
happens tonight and tomon-ow to see 
if the authorities will stop the planned 
party meeting in Aung San Suu Kyi’s 
compound," a senior leader of the 
National League for Democracy said. 

It said it had documented the de- 
tention of 192 supporters, but reports 
from the provinces indicated that 
more than 250 had been rounded up. a 
official said. (Reuters. AFP) 


Sri Lankan Forces 
Resume Offensive 

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka — Sri 
Lankan troops moved further Sunday 
into rebel-held territory in the north, 
the Defense Ministry said. But se- 
curity sources said separatist guerril- 
las were putting up stiff resistance and 
slowing the government advance. 

The array resumed'an offensive Sat- 
urday after a five-day pause, advancing 
three kilometers (two miles} farther 
north of Omanthai, a Defense Ministry 
statement said. The town was captured 
from the rebels last week. About 
20.000 troops are involved in the of- 
fensive against the Liberation Tigers of 
Tamil Eelam, seeking to open a supply 
route to the Jaffna Peninsula. 

The government said 


rrt* • nrt • a n '*7 sv*eiiiiaeni saia 14 soldiers 

laipei l nes to Ueny and 1 9 wounded Saturday. 

¥/ | . n , . ^ ^ 30 rebels had been killed and 

vessels to trotesters more than 75 wounded. The rebels’ 

secretariat in London put the guerrilla 
toll Saturday at six. (Reuters) 

Beijing Marks Sites 


TAIPEI — Taiwan, seeking to pre- 
vent escalation of a sovereignty dis- 
pute over islands in the East China 
Sea. said Sunday that fishermen who _ - _ 

had leased boats to activists for a voy- Qf Wartime ‘Slinmo 
age to the islands faced punishment. J O/MIWIC 

A flotilla carrying more than 200 
activists and reporters was scheduled 


to leave the port of Shenao at 1 0 P.M. 
for the disputed islands, known as the 
Diaoyus in Chinese and the Senkakus 
in Japanese. The islands are claimed 
by Taiwan, Japan and China. 

The cabinet's Council of Agricul- 
ture said boat owners who rented them 
to the activists could have licenses 
revoked if the boats went farther than 
24 nautical miles from Taiwan, far 
Short of the isles. ( Reuters ) 


BELTING — The authorities here 
Imve marked eight sites of "national 
shame to commemorate atrocities in 
the Japanese occupation of the 1930s 
and 40s, the official media reported 
Sunday. A white marble marker was 
placed at the sites where civilians or 
resistance fighters were killed by Jap- 
hoops. Beijing Daily said. 

One of the markers was placed in 
the Temple of Heaven, said to have 
been used as the headquarters of a 
germ warfare unit (Reuters) 


t »:v 








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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 26, 1997 


RAGE 5 


EUROPE 


Slovak Vote on NATO 
I ■ alls to Power Struggle 

Boycott Discredits the Referendum 


By William Drozdiak 

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BRATISLAVA. Slovakia — A fierce 

ES StrU .^ le be,ween Slovakia's two 
leading fwlincians has thrown into chaos 
a referendum on NATO membership. 

<I,m!S ne Kt 4,nlS !i e [- Vladin,ir Meciar on 
Sunday blamed his opponents for the 

confusion and said Slovakia had missed 
™ port ^ m opponunity to show it 
want«J to join the alliance. Reuters re- 

referendum was imponam to 
show who was in favor of NATO and 
who was trying to prevent this," Mr. 
Meciar satd at a news conference. "It was 
possible 10 reach a decision that would be 
* e Slovak Republic but this 
as foiled. He added that turnout in the 
vote was less than 10 percent. 
l In two days of voting at the weekend. 
7 blovaks were supposed to be asked two 

! Ue lV on £ : . w i teiher lhe >' "anted to join 
the North Atlantic Treaty Orsanizalion 
and whether they wanted their president 
elected by popular vote instead of by 
Parliament. Bur die bafioi became a test 
ot strength between President Michal 
Kovac and Mr. Meciar that ended in 
turmoil. 

A widespread boycott by Mr. Ko- 
vac’s supporters of the disputed ballot 
discredited the outcome. The referen- 
dum needed a turnout of at least 50 
percent to be valid. 

The confusion around the vote re- 
flects clashing visions about Slovakia's 
future. Mr. Kovac favors rapid inte- 
gration with Western institutions such 
as NATO and the European Union. But 
Mr. Meciar seems more comfortable 


Turkish Regime Down 
To One-Seat Majority 

Reuters 

ISTANBUL — Turkey’s Islamist- 
led coalition government, clinging to a 
one-seat majority in Parliament braced 
itself Sunday for increased pressure 
from powerful military chiefs. 

The state-run Anatolian News 
Agency said that Cefi Kamhi, of the 
coalition partner True Path Parly, 
resigned late Saturday, leaving Prime 
Minister Necmettin Erbakan with 276 
seats in the 550-member Parliament 
Mr. Kamhi 's resignation came as an 
anti-Islamist campaign begun by the 
generals in February gathered speed. 


with an authoritarian-style government 
that looks toward Russia and the east. 

As a result of this identity crisis. 
Slovakia appears unlikely to join the 
first wave of eastward expansion by 
NATO when new members are selected 
at a Madrid summit in July. Poland. 
Hungary and the Czech Republic are the 
prime candidates. 

The controversy arose when Mr. Ko- 
v uc’s allies framed the question on the 
ballot asking whether the president 
should be directly elected. Under the 
constitution. Parliament must elect the 
president by a 60 percent majority. If it 
fails, presidential powers pass to the 
prime minister. 

The president's supporters fear a di- 
vided Parliament would. enable Meciar 
to augment his clout when Mr. Kovac ’s 
term ends next March. They distrust Mr. 
Meciar's commitment to democracy 
and want to ensure that a popular vote 
would prevent him from gaining too 
much power. 

Mr. Meciar has come under criticism 
from the United States and other West- 
ern countries for shackling the media, 
intimidating political opponents and 
slowing free-market reforms. While he 
says he supports the goal of joining 
NATO and the EU. he recently signed a 
military cooperation pact with Russia. 

He also wrote the NATO question in a 
way that would encourage negative 
votes. The ballot asked voters if they 
would accept nuclear weapons and for- 
eign troops on their soil. Neither con- 
dition is required for membership; 
NATO insists it has no plan, reason or 
intention to deploy such weapons and 
troops on the territory of new members. 

On the eve of the referendum. Interior 
Minister Gustav Krajci, a close Meciar 
ally, ordered the presidential question 
removed from all ballots. The supreme 
court had upheld the validity of the two 
cjuesdons. But Mr. Krajci said the pres- 
idential issue was ‘ ‘irrelevant’ ’ to a vote 
that was supposed to focus on NATO. 

At voting booths in the capital on the 
second day of voting Saturday, voters 
expressed outrage when they received 
ballots with only the NATO question. 
Other stations did not hand out any bal- 
lots at alL "It’s pure chaos out there.” 
said Eduard Kukan, chairman of the 
opposition Democratic Union. 

Mr. Kovac said he would not take part 
in a vote with incomplete ballots and 
called on supporters to boycott the polls. 
He chastised Mr. Meciar for trying to 
sabotage the election and accused Mr. 
Krajci of criminal behavior. 


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The church in Luebeck, Germany, burning Sunday. The police found swastikas daubed nearby. 


BRIEFLY 


Rightists Bum German Church 

LUEBECK, Germany — A fire apparently set by rightist 
extremists guned a Roman Catholic church Sunday, au- 
thorities said. 

On an outside wall, investigators discovered freshly 
painted white swastikas and the name of a pastor who 
recently gave a family of Algerian immigrants shelter in his 
parish.'ihe state prosecutor's office said. (AP) 

Italy to Offer Economic Plan 

MILAN — The Italian government is expected to unveil 
its three-year economic strategy this week in the face of 
opposition from trade union leaders and hard-left allies to 
cutting pensions and welfare payments. 

The strategy, known as the economic and financial 
planning document, is due to be approved by die cabinet 
Friday and will outline how the government intends to cut 
25 trillion lire more ($15 billion) from the deficit in next 
year’s budget. 

The document is a part of a plan for stabilizing state 
finances and keeping alive hopes of joining a European 
currency union by the planned 1999 start (Reuters) 

Bonn Confident on Eurofighter 

BONN — Defense Minister Volker Ruehe said Sunday 
he was confident that Bonn, under pressure to tighten 
budgets and qualify for European monetary union, would 
find the funds needed to buy 180 Eurofighter jets. 

The minister said in a statement that he welcomed 
proposals by Finance Minister Theo Waigel to redirect state 
aid for the Airbus airliner to the four-nation Eurofighter 


project to help pay for the planned 23 billion Deutsche mark 
tSl 3.6 billion) purchase. Mr. Ruehe has already offered to 
provide 1 billion DM from his own budget, which was 
severely scaled back last year, if Mr. Waigel conies up with 
another billion needed to assure that production of the jet 
can start. (Reuters) 

Danes 9 Suit on EU Treaty Opens 

COPENHAGEN — In a court case to open here Monday. 
1 1 Danes are accusing Prime Minister Poul Nyrup 
Rasmussen of violating the country’s constitution by sign- 
ing the Maastricht treaty. 

While neirher Mr. Rasmussen nor other ministers will be 
sitting in the accused's benches in the CoHrt of Appeal, the 
case will be defended by high-ranking officials from the 
Foreign and Justice ministries. 


The EU This Week: 

International Herald Tribune 

Significant events in the European Union this week: 

• Negotiators to the intergovernmental conference on 
EU reform meet in Brussels from Monday through Wed- 
nesday in an attempt to clarify agreements on institutional 
revisions outlined by EU leaders last week. 

• President Bill Clinton meets Prime Minister Wim Kok 
of the Netherlands, the current EU president, and President 
Jacques Santer of the European Commission for the semi- 
annual U.S.-EU summit meeting. Key issues include ef- 
forts to conclude mutual recognition agreements to elim- 
inate important nontariff barriers to trade and talks on the 
Helras-Burton acL 


Polish Voters 
Weigh a New 
Constitution 


The Associated Press 

WARSAW — Eight years after the 
fall of the Iron Curtain, Poles voted 
Sunday on a new constitution that 
sought to wipe out the last remnants of 
the Communist system and prepare Po- 
land for a full integration into Europe. 

The proposed charter, which would 
replace a 1952 Communist-era consti- 
tution. commits Poland ro a market 
economy and private ownership. It also 
guarantees the personal freedoms nec- 
essary for entrance into the European 
Union and ensures the civilian control 
of the military required for Poland's 
goal of membership in the North At- 
lantic Treaty Organization. 

The draft also provides for a clearer 
division of powers between the prime 
minister and president, ensures the in- 
dependence of the central bank and puts 
a ceiling on public debt. 

Opinion polls leading up to the ref- 
erendum indicated that most of Poland's 
28 million eligible voters favored the 
draft, which requires a simple majority 
vote to become the new basic law. The 
polls were to close at 1 0 P.M. on Sunday, 
but official results were nor expected 
until late Monday at the earliest. 

The referendum, the last major polit- 
ical contest before legislative elections 
in September, has emphasized tradi- 
tional political divisions. 

Rightist parties, including the polit- 
ical successor to the Solidarity trade 
union that toppled the Communist gov- 
ernment in 1989, are calling on sup- 
porters to reject the charter passed by 
the leftist Parliament dominated by 
former Communists. 

. The right criticizes the charter for not 
explicitly condemning the Communists 
for human-rights abuses during their 
rule. Solidarity also wanted a clear state- 
ment that a God-given law or universal 
set of values was higher than any law 
made by humans. 

President Aleksander Kwasniewski, 
who led Parliament's constitutional 
committee for two years before being 
elected to the presidency, has been one 
of foe charter’s chief backers, saying it 
will usher in political stability. 

The Roman Catholic church has crit- 
icized the constitution on moral grounds 
but said Poles should vote according to 
their own consciences. In gestures to die 
church, the constitution would outlaw 
homosexual marriages and guarantee the 
right to religious instruction in public 
schools. The charter does not specifically 
ban abortion, and the church objects to a 
clause that guarantees children's right to 
have a say in their religious training. 



mOst 



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PAGE 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 26, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


Land Mines: Canada’s Case for Urgency 


The “Ottawa track " is a Cana- 
dian-led effort aimed at a treaty in 
December banning anti -personnel 
mines, but Washington and some 
other governments have reserv a- 
tions. Ralph Lysyshyn, the senior 
Canadian diplomat handling the is- 
sue for Foreign Minister Lloyd Ax- 
worthy. talked to Joseph Fitchett of 
the International Herald Tribune 
about the prospects for a treaty. 

Q. Why have land mines suddenly 
emerged as an urgent problem? 

A. Now that so many wars are 
over, people engaged in humanit- 
arian relief see these things continue 
to blindly kill and maim — and 
cripple economies. 

People can't farm their land rf 
mines are scattered there. In Bosnia, 
(here are millions of unmarked 
mines. Countries like Canada en- 
gaged in major de-mining efforts 
can't keep up: a mine costs about S3 
to make and about S 1 ,000 to dig out 
and destroy. Unless production is 
halted, people will get tired of pay- 
ing for de-mining. 

So there has been an effective 
coalition of governments, especially 
those in Africa and Asia that are 
major victims of these time bombs, 
and nongovernmental organizations 
such as the Red Cross and Unicef, 


Q & A / Ralph Lysyshyn, senior diplomat 


because so many children are vic- 
tims. 

Momentum has built rapidly be- 
cause public opinion sees what is 
needed. It's a humanitarian prob- 
lem, not an arms control issue. 

• 

Q. Aren't land mines important in 
warfare any longer? 

A. Not the kind we're talking 
about — random anti-personnel 
mines. They can blow off a kid's 
foot but they don’t stop tanks. 

Military people's first reaction 
tends to be: “Oh no, they're ex- 
tremely necessary, we use them in 
peacekeeping missions to protect 
our troops." But different answers 
emerge when you talk about actual 
practice:- Canadian forces, for ex- 
ample. haven't used them since the 
Korean War, and we’ve been on an 
awful lot of peacekeeping mis- 
sions. 

When land mines are used, it's 
either in civil wars, mainly against 
civilians to deny them land, or in 
countries where the government 
sees them as a poor man's perimeter 
defense. They haven't thought 


through the real cost calculation in 
terms of a country's arable land lost 
or tremendous long-term costs im- 
posed by injuries. 

Q. If the political climate is ripe, 
why is the United States hanging 
back? 

A- The Clinton administration 
has made a strong commitment to 
eliminating land mines and 
sponsored a United Nations reso- 
lution last year in favor of a ban that 
got 136 votes. 

We think that the Ottawa track 
translates that international will into 
concrete action. Our divergence 
with Washington is a matter of tac- 
tics. We believe in a- fast-track, 
stand-alone process, but Washing- 
ton prefers to see a treaty negotiated 
in the UN Disarmament Conference 
in Geneva. 

Of course, we can see (he ar- 
ient, made in Washington, that 
rneva is a forum that can draw in 
some reluctant countries because 
you can hammer out compromises 
discreetly. 

But there are countries that don't 
want a ban and want to make the 


whole process hostage to the cum- 
bersome. slow procedure in Geneva, 
where the issue can't even get on the 
agenda because some countries are 
insisting that nothing else can be 
discussed until some nuclear dis- 
putes are addressed. 

So substantive work on a treaty 
risks being inhibited by competition 
over the negotiating venue. We’ve 
managed to get the issue into the 
public eye. and we don't want see it 
disappear again behind closed 
doors. 

• 

Q. Isn't there a risk that the Ot- 
tawa track is too fast? After all, 
aren'tkey countries — China, India. 
Russia — unready to sign? 

A You don’t need everyone to 
sign up at the ontset: a treaty will set 
a norm, create peer pressure- What 
we need is a complementary pro- 
cess. with Ottawa providing a fast 
start this year. 

What we would like to see 
Geneva do — there is an awful lot of 
expertise there — is give us views 
with an eye to a stronger, more ac- 
ceptable treaty at Ottawa. 





Did Gorbachev Get 
U.S. NATO Pledge? . 

Baker Denies Barring Expansion 



But when we suggested informal 
exchanges with Washington, offi- 
cials objected that tal k i n g to os 
would validate our approach and 
circumvent Geneva. 

Now the logjam may be breaking. 
British policy has been changed un- 
der the new ’Labour government in 
favor of Ottawa, and France and 
Germany recently spoke out force- 
fully about the urgency of fbe is- 
sue* 

We’re confident now that the 
treaty will be signed in Ottawa- 
Some countries unready to sign then 
may feel that without slighting the 
Geneva conference they can pro- 
ceed with interim measures 
such banning the transfer of land 
mines. 


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THE WORLD'S DAIIY NEWSPAPER 


By Michael R. Gordon 

,Vp» York Tones Ser.ice 

MOSCOW — The date 
was Feb. 8, 1990. Secretary of 
State James Baker 3d was 
meeting privately with 
M ihail Gorbachev, the gen- 
eral secretary of the Soviet 
Union, over the emotionally 
charged issue of German re- 
unification. 

Mr. Baker’s goal was to 
keep Germany in the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization. 
It was a difficult sell, and be 
used all of his celebrated 
sHlls of persuasion. A neutral 
Germany, he warned omi- 
nously. would be free to de- 
velop nuclear weapons. Be- 
sides. be added, the West was 
prepared to offer Moscow an 
important assurance. 

“There would be no exten- 
sion of NATO's current juris- 
diction eastward,*' Mr. Baker 
said. 

More than seven years 
laser, that meeting casts a 
1 shadow over Russia's deal- 
( ings with NATO as the mil- 
itary alliance prepares to ex- 
pand to Poland, Hungary and 
| tire Czech Republic. Evincing 
a bitter sense of betrayal, 
former and current Russian 
officials say the expansion 
flatly contradicts Mr. Baker's 
assurances. 

“When we were told dur- 
ing tire German reunification 
process that NATO would not 
expand, we believed it,” 
Anatoli Adamishin, a former 
! deputy foreign minister who 
: is Russia’s ambassador to 
Britain, complained to The 
Daily Telegraph of London. 

Nor are the Russians the 
only ones who say Washing- 
ton'switched signals. 

“When Gorbachev and 
| others say that it is their un- 
derstanding NATO expan- 
sion would not happen, there 
is a basis for it,” Jack Mat- 
lock, the U.S. ambassador to 
Moscow at the time, said in a 
! telephone interview. 

! The dispute made it all the 
' more important, Russians say, 
to pin down the West's latest 
assurances in the new NATO- 
Russian accord, named the 
Founding Act. which sets the 
terms for tire alliance's ex- 
pansion. It is 1 to be signed in 
Paris on Tuesday.- 

Bat did the United States 
really pull a fast one on the 
Russians? And will the much 
heralded NATO-Russia ac- 


cord put an end to the com- 
plaints of broken promises? 

Philip Zelikow, a former 
National Security Council 
aide and - co-author. of “Ger- 
many Unified and Europe 
Transformed,” -a history of 
the diplomacy of German re- 
unification. provided a sur- 
prising answer. 

Mr. Zelikow said that close 
scrutiny of the verbal diplo- 
matic exchange does not sup- 
port Moscow’s claim that it 
was bamboozled. 

Seeking to ease Soviet 
anxieties over reunification. 
West Germany's foreign 
minister at the time. Hans- 
Dietrich Genscher, urged the 
West to offer Moscow a ma- 
jor concession: If Germany 
reunified, there would be “no . 
expansion of NATO territory 
eastward.” 

Mr. Genscher sold Mr. 
Baker on the idea, and Mr. 
Baker flew to Moscow that 
February to try it on Mr. 
Gorbachev* The Soviet leader • 
was receptive, according to 
Mr. Zelikow’ s authoritative 
account:’ 

“Any extension of the 
zone of NATO is unaccept- 
able," Mr. Gorbachev 
stressed “I agree," Mr. 
Baker responded 

That, however, was not the 
end Almost immediately, the 
White House had second 
thou ghts , about the Genscher 
plan. 

Before Mr. Baker had even 
left Moscow, the White 
House instructed him to pur- 
sue a different plan: All Ger- 
man territory would be in 
NATO. East German territory 
would not be demilitarized 
But as a concession to Russia, 
only German forces would be v jj- 
stationed there. Mr. r 
Gorbachev eventually agreed 
to the new arrangements. 

But what of the broader is- 
sue of NATO expansion? 

Mr. Matlock said the Rus- 
sians have a point when they 
say Mr. Gorbachev received a 
blanket promise that NATO 
would not expand. 

Mr. Baker adamantly re- 
jects this view. He said he 
never intended to rule out the 
admission of new NATO 
members. The proposal on 
NATO jurisdiction had ap- 
plied only to territory of the 
former East Germany, the 
German Democratic Repub- 
lic, and had been speedily 
withdrawn. 


UJS. Acts to Help Swiss Guard 

The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — The Senate has approved a bill to 
grant asylum to Christophe Meili, a Swiss bank guard who 
saved some Holocaust-era documents from a shredder. 

Similar legislation must be approved by the House and 
signed by President Bill Clinton before Mr. Meili and his 
family are granted permanent residency in the United 
States. 

“He deserves the support and appreciation of all 
people and I'm proud to have passed this legislation in the 
Senate on his behalf.” said Senator Alfonse D' Amato, 
Republican of New York, sponsor of the legislation. 

Mr. Meili was working at a bank in Switzerland last 
January when he came across documents dating to the 
Holocaust that the bank planned to destroy. He slipped the 
documents out of the bank and gave them to a Jewish 
organization. 

At a hearing this week. Mr. Meili. 29. told lawmakers 
he no longer feels safe in his homeland and that he, his 
wife and their two children have been threatened. They 
fled to the United States last month. 


Iraqis Are Still Suffering 
From Shortages, UN Says 


By John M. Goshko 

Washington Post Service 




UNITED NATIONS. New 
York — Despite oil sales that 
allowed the Iraqi government 
to buy almost $2 billion worth 
of humanitarian suppl ies. 
large numbers of Iraqis are 
still suffering from critical 
shortages of food and medi- 
cine, according to the United 
Nations official in charge of 
humanitarian operations. 

After a weeklong visit to 
Iraq. Asushi Akashi, the UN 
undersecretary-general, said 
that despite some glitches 
supplies obtained under 
Iraq's food-for-oil deal were 
reaching that beleaguered 

country. 

He added that President 
Saddam Hussein's govern- 
ment had not interfered with 
UN observers monitoring dis- 
tribution. and that “so far 
there is no evidence of dis- 
crimination against any par- 
ticular group on political, 
economic or religious 
grounds." 

But the conditions of sick 
people “continue to be de- 
plorable,” Mr. Akashi said. 
“There are many emaciated 
children. You can see on the 
hospital shelves that there 
clearly is a lack of medicine. 
They have to use dangerously 
old needles over and over.”" 


Mr. Akashi described his 
impressions as UN members 
prepared for another look at 
Iraq’s demands for lifting of 
the crippling economic sanc- 
tions imposed on it after its 
1990 invasion of Kuwait. 

Last December, the Secu- 
rity Council granted a partial 
exemption from the embargo 
that allowed Iraq to sell §2 
billion worth of oil over six 
months to buy food, medicine 
and other humanitarian sup- 
plies. The agreement expires 
June 9. 

The Iraqis have called for 
an expanded program permit- 
ting oil sales of $4 billion in 
the next period. Many UN 
members, motivated by a de- 
sire for busi ness opportunities 
in Iraq or sympathy for the 
Iraqi people, believe the sanc- 
tions should be eased consid- 
erably. However, the United 
Stales, which has a veto over 
any Security Council actions, 
has vowed to maintain the 
embargo as long as Mr. Sad- 
dam remains unrepentant 
about his aggressive designs 
on his neighbors. 

The U.S. ambassador. Bill 
Richardson, has said the 
United States was concerned 
abou L ‘‘a lack of transpar- 
ency in rhe relief distribution 
that (hade it difficult to teU 
wbetoer supplies were reach- 
ing their intended recipients. 






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" ™ CIRCLE SIX NUMBERS FROM 1-49 IN EACH GAME YOU WISH TO PLAY 


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GAME 3 





GAME 4 





GAME 5 



1 

2 

3 4 

5 6 7 

8 

9 

1 

2 

3 4- 

5 6 7 

8 

9 

1 

2 

3 

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B 

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1 

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IT tey 11.5. 3QSS 

telecom tnduSry 
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Tel: 1^599.1991 

Auto Rentals 

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COMPANIES $350 

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i. fix free European. Stfabfe 
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lor Gcmnnere Projeca and 
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ueandSn 


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Enctoo, CaRtonfe 91436 ILSJL 
Fax Noj 1818} 905-1688 
Td- (818] 7B94K22 


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for Sale 

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AGENT IN PARIS 

Tel: +33 (0)1 47.20.30.05 


Paris and Suburbs 

PLACE DE5 VOSGES, 30 sq m_ deluxe, ! 
tunrafted. 2 rams. queL bngia. foe- i 
place. hattAri Owner +33t0}1 42409362 

Real Estate 1 

for Rent 

Paris Area Unfurnished 

ST. CLOUT, near geti. superb Amencan- 
styte new house: Laige tuple sung. i»- 
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Paris Ana Furnished 

Ideal ammnacbmc shrio-5 bedrooms 
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TS+33 (Df1-4413333S. FaxI0)1-42SJ42B 

AGENCE CHAMPS aYSEES 
Specafise: 

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or unAmsfrai resftfenftaf areas. 

Tel: 433 (On 42 25 32 25 

Fax: +33 (0)1 45 63 37 09 

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1 am ymr pesrd are gude and travs) 
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SINGAPORE: 

Tel. 223 6478 
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JAPAN: Tolryo, 

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RECRUITMENT 




PROJET RETRO-CI 

In Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire 
Has an opening for a 
Data Management 
Specialist in 
HIV/ AIDS Research 


IVnjii REIUlKI i> u eolLbnrativi- HI\/\II*S r*«parrh proji-ci of ihe 
L -S. I't-nii-r* for LH^**a*+- Control and Pn-vrniion and the* Cole d'Ivoire 
Miniftn n| Health fnm.-in« on HlWelaietl epdi'miolosi* and 
virolu^H' -tuilir*. 

health iwarvh data 


\|i|iliram> ‘huulii liuvr expcrienc** 

nuru^-nnni and Iijvi* in depth knowledge of SYS and data 


•xper 
depth 

lias-- nunagiwni (fmfYrt) M>fu\urr. EipenVmv in LV\ 
management. fluenev in FnglU!i and French. and experience working 
in \frira or ulhiT iniimaliunal romext an 1 highlv desirable. 


Salon » t+wn/in'/BuraH- w/ih quali/iealioiw and *^prrwwrr and the 
•■mpfmtni'nl pacLagi* nrmitlttt an aUrartivr «n of henrfit *hieh 
inrludrs housing and nducaiinn allowances for children. \nnUcatianB. 
rurriculum \Tlan and resumes ma\ be sent to Personnel Office. L'JS- 
tmbas«\. Of BP 1711 Abidjan. Cote iTKoirr: phone 22S-2H19-?9; 
(a\ ±l>-i2-32-t>V. General information can also he obtained hj 
contaninz Leo Veakland al 225-25-41-89 or bv Email a'l 
<JM>@CDCGO\> 


DEPUTY DIRECTOIl/FIELD ACTIVITIES 


International public health consulting firm seeks to fill the 
position of Deputy Director for Field Activities. Project provides 
technical assistance and training to developing countries in 
family planning commodity logistics management logistics 
MIS, contraceptive need forecasting, and related areas. The 
Deputy Director for Reid Activities should possess a Master's 
degree in public health, international development or business 
ana have prior management experience at the senior-most 
level of large and complex development projects with 
extensive field operations. A background in international pub- 
lic health, family planning, reproductive health, and/or private 
sector logistics in developing countries is desirable, as is 
working ability in French and/or Spanish. This is a full-time, 
Washington-based position, requiring approximately 20% travel. 


; Arlington, Virginia 22208 U.SA, 

7480. attn. Ftafecf Administrator. No phone calls please. 


mm 


European 

larEIMTIOHl CENTER 



University 

FDR IUIAEENEIT STUDIES 


' j -is ft 

jBwsTt uaK+u res, > 

. tfi-.j.. •• .1. •• . 

Applications are invited from suitably qualified 
candidates to fill the following vacant positions; 



Applicants should have 
atrastaJ 


Master's degree 
(although a Ph.D. would 
be preferred). 

Teaching experience in 
related areas will be an 


advantage. Work expe- 
: related ar 


rience in the related areas 
would also be an added advantage. 
Successful candidates will be addi- 
tionally asked to supervise students’ 
thesis projects as well as underta- 
king any other duties assigned hv 
the dean. 


ilication information: 
please send your CV and 
two recommendation letters to: 


Furthermore, we have several ope- 
nings for ASSJS1ANT-OEAN5 in 
different campuses of our group 
in Europe. Applicants should hare 
a Master's degree, at leaa 5 years 
of experience in a business com- 
pany and speak several European 
languages. 



^ Prof. D. Craen, Dean 
jt “Les Bosquets" 

£' 18]7Momreux-Swic2erland 


aj TeL : 1 4121/964 84 64 
* Fax : + 4121/964 84 68 
£ E-mail: Eunnon^iprohuk-ch. 


TASCHEN 



Tasdiert. based in Cologne, is the leading publisher of art books war id- j 
wide with subsidiaries in London, New York, Pans, Lisbon and Madrid. < 


We are looking for a 


Public Relations Manager 


You will be responsible for the presentation of our unique, prolific 
and highly successful publishing program to the international 
media and the co-ordination of our global PR activities. You will be 
based in Cologne. 


Applicants should have excellent planning skills, vision and the 
ability to think strategically and to act pragmatically. We expect you 
to be out-gaing, assertive and able to relate to many different types 
of people with ease and confidence. 


We require fluency in English and possibly good knowledge of 
German and/or French as well as several years of expenence in a 
similar position. 


-i h 


P 


TASCHEN 

a 


j Tasdien, based in Cologne, is the leading publisher of art books world- 
j wide with subsidiaries in London. New York, Paris, Lisbon and Madrid. 

We are looking for a 


Please send you application to: 


Me BenedlktTksdien 
Personal and Co n fidential 
Benedikt Taschen Veriag GmbH 
Hahenzoliemring 53 
D-50672 K5ln 


Executives Available 


LAWYER/HNANOAL ANALYST EbsI 
Europe/C LS Expen LSE+Sortxmne Grad 
(rfnoual entepanaa aflsndvfl business 
puMstas 28 years old seeks capffli 
noaitaatflBK pest Tel 44 K»1B1 742 0071 


Council of Europe • 

Conseif de FEurope + w + 


* 

* 

★ 


Give your career a European outlook 
Join the Council of Europe in Strasbourg ! 


Wfe are toofcng for skied Lego! Officers 
CD prowde comprehensive txrojnve and 
advisory support a commons of 
experts wcrWng wtfwi tf* expandng 
European regansatton. Sow 1 949. 
the Cound of Europe has worted to 
promote respect (or die rule of law and 
ever greeter cooperation between tfie 
goremments of member Swtes. 
currently numbenng l&rqc Masers dealt 
with are very txoad, faring fhmkgd 
toad and administrative issues, throqgti 

to culture, eduontorv puMc haolih rev/ 

environmental protection. 


Normdy aged under 35, you must hove a 
urnersty degree n tow aid appropriate 
professional experience, /brexmipb? 
n itefiektofpuhkirvaTKXkyrilaw, 
odrilnsouove bw, coreaudDnaS la», 
enmrerf kiw.cM Jaw and naaonaby. 
mtnortykw frxkjring questions rtteortg 
m r^iinaJ and mnanty (anguages^Hnj 
must hew excxkntkjXMicdgevfane of 
the affadlangiagctofthe Counci of 
Europe (Enftdiffrendr) and be obis w 
dhjftajrwpfcx legal temdeaiy and 
axidselyinthcakingua&Knowkdgeof 
the other official language would be on 


adnmags (and is requred for certato 
posts). Knowledge of o ddmnd European 
languages woutdbc a further asset 
5trong Analytical sk*. an aptitude for 
computer work and d&y to worit m 
muhiculiurA teams ore aiso sought. 
Further information, axtudkg the ef/idal 
vacancy noace and an appSeatkm fit rm 
(to be returned by IS Jiiy 1997) ate 
cnaiabk from the Countd of Europe. 
Reavitment Unit trtf. 39J97). 6707S 
Strasbourg Cede*. France. * 

Pieae send a seffoddressed owetope 
(23x32 an);no stamp request! 


Legal Officers m /f 


This lecruAment procedure a a pen to nadonab of the fbOcmng countries : 

Albania. Andorra, Austria, Goatio, Denmark. Estonia Finland, kdand. Latvia, IJechtensteJa Moidrna, Roman*. *e Ri/ssan 
ftderotioa San Manno. Slovakia Spoil, Swtaeriorxt a the fbrmerKiigodtri RepuMc of Macedonia ^.Turkey and Ukraine. 


General Positions Available 


MANAGING DIRECTOR-PARIS 

WORLDxCHANGE. an inienvMnal 
tetapnone company, b seeking a Highly 
modvated managng tf rector »tn i£He- 
cOTtmuncattons experience to manage 
ore opeQBons h Paris. 


The successful cancMaie *(■ be raspon- 

s«e for and opwating a sateRe oftce to 
Parts. Duties Include adrftesstng business 
opportunities, dwetoping pnemg strata- 


ges, compiling sales obfectkresKora- 
s, PAL raqao ' “ - - - 


ia$oraUny and al other 
aspects ol operations. Requires strong 
tomtedgs d Mmwtonal btetmpiac- 
trees and accounting (including P&L 
statements & balance sheets) and 5 

E ars drectiy related fob experience. 
« be bdngusi (EigldvFranctii. 


To apply, please mail resume to: 
Linda Condon, WORLDxCHANGE Com- 
truncations, 4350 La Jolla VlagB Drive 
4100, San Pie®. CaSbmia 92I2Z USA. 
You may also FAX resume to 
(619) 8&6500 or send «a tatemet to 
Ln]a Ccndon(B«W3XQm 


WTL CtVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION 
(ICAO) Naiy sur Sene 
seeks an expenenced 
bSngual Engtish/Francti adneristrative 
clerk for accounting and admins) ratve 
wadi on mtao compuia appfcalians. 
Td: r33 (0)1 AS Al 85 8S 


AMERICAN PUBLISHING COMPANY 


seeks Wtogual assistant tor iu Paris 
Son ntice. horn July. Independent 


dreubtion i ... 

writer, enritam compvter stalls needed. 
Bax 294. >HT. 92521 NeuiyCtSi, Fanes 


^censytfiam 


an international market research 
company is looking tor a 
young American 



■research. 


who Is interested in psychological consumer 1 

Place of work: USA (east c oastf New England area) 
xperience is not required, we provide a bas.c training. 


Contact Inge ^ 

during office hours: 32-3/238 38 06 

Martgravefel 129 - 2018 Antwerpen -Belgium 


FindAJobFast! 


http://www.washingtonpost.com 



Careern ret 



^Genera/ Positions Wanted 


AMERICAN YACHTMASTER, 45. US t 
Brash Sconced, sal i power. Edsnsiw 
prudent seeks position. Tel: 
[0)4 93975719 Fax (0)4 SST3411 


FRENCH CAPTAIN with 20 years d ex- 
perience. seeks work- Ft* Ocancsd. 42 
years oU Contact RMS Tel France 
+33(0)493450033 / +33 06098727B1 


WOMAN. 26. French-EngAsIt-Ralian, 
gives assBJaWrti) tor yw commerce 
pro|ecis. travel in Brussels 
+32.75815002 


Secretarial Positions Available 


totamrikmd Lew Firm In Parts 


English mother tongue Secretary 
* Excetert typmg skis 
- M yeas npatence. 

■ Working knowledge of Frentfi 
* Wrong papers esseriiM. 


ose phone +33 (0)1 45 01 93 B3 
or Fax: +33 


Ml 45 00 69 59 
Itertha Jaacte 


Secretaries Available 


EXPBUENCE0 SECRETARY, Canarian 
mother longues EngilshlFrench seeks 
pert-tune too in Parts. Reply to. Box 
0283. IHT. a 


92521 Neu*y Cdx, Fiance. 


Educational Positions Available 


THE BAHRAIN BAYAN SCHOOL 
amoirees the (otowtog vacancies: 
1. 15 Conquers 
2. Secondary Math 
3. Secondary Sciences 
4 Lbrarthi 
5 Elementary Music 


Please lax CVs W? 73- 790019 or e+nat 
Mr OmerTi^w-bayaneialetBioomttj 


ENGUSH TEACHERS 


Experienced 

for Business People 
Dynamic. Friendly Team 
imovatkra Teaching Methods 
Parte-SututK WorUng Papas. 
Conptoir das LangueifOl) 45 61 53 56 


SECRETARIAL 


SECRETARIAL POSTS IR AN 
INTERNATIONAL 0R6AN1SATI0N 

The Orcanisation for Economic Co^jperadon and Development 
lOECDL an international organisation based in Paris, is seeking 
bilingual secretaries. Gross salary for full-time work FT 1 1.400 to 
13J00 per month. Part-time positions also available. Excellent 
knowledge erf English and gaoa knowledge of French. High-speed 
accurate typing j50 words per minute) and experience with word 

processing systems required. 

Applications from male and female nationals of OECD member 
countries (Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, 
Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, 
Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, 
New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, 
Turkey, United Kingdom, United Stares} with curriculum vitae to: 

Human Resource Management, OECD 

2L rue An dr 6-Pas cal, 75775 PARIS CEDEX 16 
marked “HT/SEC MAY 97" 

Only short-listed candidates will revive a response 


Sales & Marketing Director (USA) 


with several years of experience in co-ordinating sales and marketing 
activities of globally operating companies, not necessarily in the 
publishing industry. You will be based in New York. 


Applicants should have excellent planning skills, vision and the 
ability to think strategically and to act pragmatically. We expect 
assertiveness, a High level of resilience and the capacity to conceive 
and accomplish new strategies for our international sales and 
marketing activities. 


Your age, ideally, should be between 35 and 45. 
Please send you application to: 


Me Benedikt Taschen 
Personal and Confidential 
Benedikt Tasdien VeHag GmbH 
Hohenzollernring 53 
D -50673 K 6 ln 


NATIVE ENGLISH TEACHER needed 
part-time. CV to Hamilton. 3 aw de to 
Basque. BP 386. M1959 Lbs Ufc Tet 
+33 (0)1 09 28 IB 18 


B1LMGUAL EXPERTS needed, educated 
& experienced In financial markets for 
partmfrtime, safirierWiBatance positions 
as translators or edriors. Fax M 


rasunttsalaw raoiremente to TECTTW) 
+33 (0)144820310. Tel +33 (0)144329311 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 26, 1997 


PACE 9 


INTERNATIONAL 


Khatemi, Iran’s ‘ Ayatollah Gorbachev,’ Has a Taste for Western Ideas 


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Mr C E^i th S4 head i" f i ran,s national library. 
Mr. Khatemi. 54, speaks English and German is 

conversant in the works of Immanuel Kant and 

cuiiunr minister for 

flowS^ort ” SCd - the P°«-revoluiionaiy 
riowenng of Iranian cinema, accord ine to a/- 

“S; ,P1 dip J 0maLS and Political analysLs. 

Unlike many of his fellow mullahs. Mr 


Khatemi enjoys a reputation for personal probity. 
He drives a boxy Iranian-made Paykan instead of a 
Mercedes-Benz and lives modestly in a two-story 
yellow-brick town house on Revolutionary Guard 
Street in north Tehran. Married and the father of 
three children. Mr. Khatemi is said to enjoy moun- 
tain hikes and a good game of table tennis. 

The contrast between Mr. Khatemi and the 
hard-line clerics who dominate Iran's political 
establishment is such that some Iranians refer to 
him half-jo kingly as Ayatollah Gorbachev, after 
the leader of the former Soviet Union who opened 
that couatry to the West in the late 1980s. 

“He was definitely the ami-establishment 
vote,” said an individual who worked for Mr. 
Khatemi for several years in the 1980s and has 
remained in contact with him. “People shouldn’t 
interpret that as thinking he’s not an advocate of the 
Islamic revolution, but he’s a much more broad- 
minded advocate of the Islamic revolution.” 

When he went to Mr. Khaiemi’s office in 
November to urge him to run for president, this 
person recalled, he found Mr. Khatemi writing a 
translation in longhand of de Tocqueville's clas- 
sic treatise on American democracy. “We talked 


about de Tocquevilie, and he said. ‘I’m not going 
to comment on whar the .Americans have done, 
but obviously the question of achieving democ- 
racy is essential to achieving human potential.’ ” 
the associate recalled. 

“ He is not someone who considers democracy 
alien to Islam,” he added. “He thinks it’s right 
there, but the Muslims have missed it.’* 

Bom in the city of Yazd in the desen of 
southwestern Iran, Mr. Khatemi is the son of a 
well-known ayatollah. Ruhollah Khatemi. who 
was a friend and early supporter of Ayatollah 
Ruhollah Khomeini, the father of the Iranian 
revolution. Mr. Khatemi. in fact, is linked to 
Ayatollah Khomeini by family; his brother is 
married ro Ayatollah Khomeini's granddaughter. 

Mr. Khaiemi’s father, who died 10 years ago. 
enjoyed a reputation for fairness. “Right after the 
revolution some people came to him and named a 
number of men who had cooperated with the 
shah,” one associate recalled. “They wanted 
them executed or thrown in prison. But his answer 
was, ‘If you want to pur them in prison, put me in 
prison first because i had to cooperate, too,' ” 

After finishing his theological studies at Qum 


and Isfahan, the younger Khatemi got degrees in 
education and philosophy. He became friends 
with Ayatollah Khomeini's son. Ahmed, accord- 
ing to an official biography, and went to work for 
the Militant Clerics' Association, which rallied 
opposition to the shah's regime. 

Eventually he came to the auention of Ayatol- 
lah Mohammed Beheshti. chief ideologue of the 
Islamic Republican Parts' and a key tactician of 
the revolution. In 1978. Ayatollah Beheshti ap- 
pointed him to run the Islamic Center of Ham- 
burg. a European nerve center of the Iranian 
revolution. 

Mr. Khaiemi returned to Iran in 1 979 and took 
over the Kayhan Institute, which publishes sev- 
eral newspapers. In 1982. he was appointed min- 
ister of culture and Islamic guidance, which 
oversees Iranian films, publishing and mass me- 
dia. 

As culture minister, a job he held for more than 
a decade. Mr. Khaiemi encouraged Iranian film- 
makers to take part in international festivals, 
eased restrictions on the content of books and 
periodicals, and expanded the list of foreign 
magazines and newspapers 'allowed to enter the 


country, according to several associates. He 
overturned a ban on Jive music. 

Mr. Khaiemi *s relatively permissive policies 
won him many enemies, who finally forced his 
resignation in 1992. “Every day it was 
something new.*' recalled Ahmad Booijani, a 
journalist who is close to the Khatemi campaign. 
“ ‘Why did you give a license to that news? 
paper?"’ ’Why did you give a license to that 
book?’ It was every da>. It wasn’t any single 
incident.’’ 

Since Mr. Khaiemi left, “we have followed a 
downward trend,’ ' said Dariush Mehtjouie. one of 
Iran’s best-known filmmakers. “They still go on 
producing films, but they're more restrictive.” 

Mr. Khaiemi told a jubilant crowd last Wed- 
nesday night; “Our backwardness is not due to 
natural resources or culture — we have both. Ira- 
nians are smart and creative, they are known for 
confidence and bravery. The problem is due to 
the lack of a correct, independent government. 
People do not have the opportunity to grow. 
Growth as a country needs sympathy, cooper- 
ation, presence in the social scene. It does not 
mean we should not allow different views.’’ 


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41 Apathy Makes a Strong Showing 



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*25 



Almost One-Third Abstain in French Vote 


By Charles Trueheart 
and Anne Swardson 

Washington Post Service 


Cafend BonyVAfcnce Fooee^rcue 

A French voter pondering his choice 
before voting Sunday in Toulouse. 


VELIZY. France — Almost a third of 
France's 39 million registered voters did 
not bother to choose a candidate in the 
first round of the country's legislative 
elections Sunday. 

Maria Francois, a supermarket em- 
ployee on her lunch break at a shopping 
mall in suburban Paris, scowled at the 
mention of the elections. “Right or left, 
it’s always the same thing, the same 
politics,” she said. “That’s why I've 
never voted.” 

As President Jacques Chirac's center- 
right governing alliance sought a new 
five-year parliamentary mandate, disil- 
lusionment with the traditional parties of 
both right and left appeared high. Polling 
organizations predicted an abstention 
level ranging from 31.5 to 32.8 percent 

Candidates working their legislative 
districts said they had rarely met anyone 
pleased with the stale of things in 
France, regardless of their political pref- 
erence. Hie headline on this week's 
Marianne magazine read: “Hie great 
rejection: The French are going to say 
[expletive] to the right without saying 
’cheers* to the left” 

Polling analysts and political profes- 
sionals predicted a broad diffusion of 
votes among an unprecedented number 
of small parties and candidates — more 
than 6.243 for 577 legislative seats — in 
this first round. Caroline Lambin. a 
mother of two, said she would go to her 
local polling place “because it’s my right 
and my duty,” but she said she would 


FRANCE: Voters Stun the Government 


Continued from Page 1 

victory, be would name a new prime 
minister in the place of Mr. Juppe, whose 
record was repudiated beyond appeal by 
the poor showing of his coalition. 

The strongest vote-getter among 
likely successors is thought to be Phil- 
ippe Seguin. the speaker of Parliament, 
who has made no secret of his belief that 
Mr. Juppe was moving too quickly, and 
without the right touch, to pare down 
France's heavily subsidized public ser- 
vice sector. 

Mr. Seguin, a Gaultist close to the 
leftist wing of the party, has come out 

Juppe Has an Identity Crisis 

Reuters 

BORDEAUX — Prime Minister 
Alain Juppe ran into a hitch when he 
turned up to vote on Sunday in France’s 
parliamentary election and a polling of- 
ficial demanded proof of his identity. 

“Normally it's enough to be well 
known.” Mr. Juppe objected when the 
official asked for his identity card at a 
pollin g station in Bordeaux. 

“No no. no, no! Everyone must show 
an identity card,” the official replied. Mr. 


publicly, albeit reluctantly, in support of 
a single currency, but be is viewed with 
some apprehension in Germany as a 
half-hearted supporter of French-Ger- 
man cooperation. 

Most analysts, together with diplo- 
mats and foreign investors, had expected 
Mr. Juppe’s center-right coalition to 
emerge with a slim lead despite the 
government's lack of popularity. But 
Mr. Juppe was never able to shake a 
reputation for being brutal in announ- 
cing change and soft in backing off when 
confronted with protests. 

For four years, the conservatives have 
enjoyed a lopsided majority in Parlia- 
ment. with 475 of the 577 seats, since 
their landslide victory marking the end 
of 14 years of Socialist rule. But that 
comfortable majority has been only a 
facade for splits among conservatives 
since Mr. Chirac was elected president 
in 1995 and six months later embraced a 
new program, including a single Euro- 
pean currency, sharp cuts in government 
spending and more competitive work 
practices. 

Mr. Juppe sought to press this agenda, 
but he often announced over-ambitious 
reforms, only to back down in the face of 
strikes. This patient earned him a 
ration as both heartless and inet 


By Barbara Crosse tte 

New York Times Senice 


repu- 

aniaenuiy tation as both heartless and inept. And 

Juppe, who is mayor ° despite his determination and brilliance, 

candidate m the National Assem he unable to shake his damaging 

got out his wallrt and ftunbled through ^ 

banknotes to find his card. 

Democracy in South America 
Helps to End ‘Disappearances 5 

duras, Mexico and Peru, but on a far 
smaller scale than in the past. 

In Asia, almost without exception, 
people from ethnic or cultural minorities 
that are at odds with central governments 
account for most of the disappearances. 

The croup's last published report, is- 
sued in December, said that, there were 
1 7 new cases registered in China in i99o, 
and 16 of them were Tibetans, including 
eight monks. The group said that private 
organizations report an emerging pat- 
tern of disappearances” in Tibet. 

In India the group bas a list of more 
than 250 cases of mostly Kashmiris and 
Punjabi Sikhs allegedly P“*ed up by 
soldiers or police forces in t^nti^ 
Seven disa ppearances were reportea 
in Pakistan last year and those and about 
50 other outstanding cases tnvolve 

members of theMuhajjrNauoi^Move- 

ment of India-bom Muslims and their 
descendants, who say they have faced 
lamination in Sind Province andn 
capital, Karachi, the country s largest 

city. 


deposit a blank ballot as “a protest vote.” 
signifying that “no party ts capable of 
doing something concrete for France.” 

SIk explained, “If I vote right, it 
won’t change anything, and the left does 
not represent my opinion. ' ’ Her husband, 
she said, always voted for the left, but he 
was so disillusioned after the Socialist 
Party’s 14 years in power — the 1981-95 
presidency of Francois Mitterrand — 
that he too would cast a blank ballot. 

Theright is in 111 favor, in pan because 
of the unpopularity of Prime Minister 
Alain Juppe, who is seen by many as a 
cold-blooded technocrat One survey 
asked respondents who should be prime 
minister if Mr. Chirac’s coalition re- 
tained power, and Mr. Juppe got only 8 
percent support. 

But the Socialists also are sharply 
criticized for their record and their rhet- 
oric. When Mr. Mitterrand won tbe pres- 
idency in 1981, hopes were high among a 
wide proportion of the population. Since 
then, tbe economy has deteriorated, un- 
employment has soared to 12.8 percent, 
and the budget deficit has skyrocketed. 

The public blames both sides, but all 
in all, polls indicate voters will give the 
governing neo-Gaullist alliance a nar- 
row majority of seats in tbe National 
.Assembly, the lower house. 

* ‘The left ruined France,” said Fabien 
Laporte, wbo sells .health insurance. 
“Mitterrand raped the state coffers.” 
Mr. Laporte was one of the few un- 
equivocal true believers interviewed. He 
said he would vote for the center-right 
because: “I believe in capitalism. I be- 
lieve in tbe way Bill Clinton is moving 
his country, and it is where it is today 
because of capitalism.’’ 

Patrick Ratovo, who is self-em- 
ployed, Said he would vote for the cen- 
ter-right because it offered “a rigorous 
policy” that was closer to tbe reality of. 
the international economic environ- 
ment. “The left is oblivious to this, and 
the proof is the way they make a mess of 
tilings with strikes,” be said. 

Id the north of France, Marie-Tberese 
Deman, a municipal counselor in Crcpy- 
en- Valois, said she believed the wide- 
spread disappointment with Mr. Mit- 
terrand’s presidency would be overcome 
if the Socialists under Lionel Jospin 
gained control of tbe legislature. 

“In life, we don't make tbe same 
mistake twice,” she said. “We need a 
more human Europe. We mustn’t leave 
people in the wake of capitalism. Where 
I live, in a marginal neighborhood, 
hardly anyone can even afford to take a 
vacation anymore. Tbe work they get is 
precarious; the benefits don’t even cover 
the cost of living.” 

In the runoff next Sunday, all but afew 
districts will have a choice between just 
two candidates, me from the mainstream 
alliance of the Rally for the Republic and 
the French Democratic Union and one 
from the Socialist Patty or one of its 
allies, including Communists and en- 
vironmentalists of various stripes. 

A few three-way races are possible in 
districts where candidates of the far- 
rightist National Front win more than 
I2_5 percent of the vote, the minimum 
required for tbe runoff if no candidate 
has a majority. 



I Uiu Hiadir/TIv touted Kr* . 

A crew removing posters of Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri on Sunday from die wall around the former U.S. Embassy. 1 

IRAN: Landslide for Moderate Cleric as People Signal Discontent 


Continued from Page 1 

is important and all tbe officials of this 
country are going to pay attention, and 
within the framework of the constitution 
and Islamic laws. I will pay attention.” 
be said. * ‘Maybe some of the restrictions 
that had been imposed lave been ex- 
cessive.” 

Despite Mr. Khaiemi 's huge popular 
mandate, there are major constraints on 
the ability of any Iranian politician to 
introduce a more liberal atmosphere. 
Under the Iranian constitution, the basis 
of the Iranian system of government is 
tbe concept of velayat-e-faqih, or rule by 
an Islamic spiritual leader. Candidates 
for Parliament and for president are 
screened for their fealty to this concept 
by the Council of Guardians, a clerical 
body of 12 members who are appointed 
by the leader and by Parliament. 

The council has the power to reject 
candidates without explanation and an- 
nul results of elections it does not like, as 
it did in several instances in the par- 
liamentary elections last year. In this 
year’s presidential contest, the council 
rejected all but four of 238 candidates. 

' Both Mr. Khatemi and Mr. Nateq- 
Nouri are loyal servants of the revolution 
who hold the clerical rank of hojatol- 
islam, rate grade below ayatollah. And 
tbe rigid ideological standards imposed 
upon the candidates means that political 
debate in Iran takes place within a very 
narrow range. Both Mr. Nateq-Nouri 
and Mr. Khatemi laced their platforms 
with about the dangers of U.S. “he- 
gemony” and Western cultural influ- 
ence and tbe need to broaden economic 
ties with Third World countries. 

But Iranian voters have learned to 
lode elsewhere for clues. Mr. Khatemi. 
for example, was perceived as more 
broad minded than his rival because of 
his relatively permissive attitude toward 
books, films and music during his 1 1- 
year tenure as culture minister. Hard- 


liners forced him from the job in 1992. 

Mr. Nateq-Nouri. by contrast, was 
identified with religious hard-liners who 
are resented by many Iranians for failing 
to solve Iran’s economic problems. He 
also suffered from accusations that he 
wanted to require women to wear the 
chador, a black shroud that hides the 
body and much of die face, rather than 
the scarf-and-raincoar ensemble that 
many now favor. Though such distinc- 
tions might seem trivial to tbe outside 
world, they resonated with Iranians, who 
saw in them larger indications of the 
candidates' attitudes towards social free- 
dom and openness to the outside world. 

Nowhere was the excitement felt 
more strongly titan the young, a vital 
constituency in a country where more 
than half of its 60 million people are 
under 18 and the voting age is 15. “The 


youth has been very influential in bring- 
ing Mr. Khatemi to power,” Mr. Raf- 
sanjani acknowledged. “New attention 
should be paid to this force.” 

The lopsided outcome of tbe electioq, 
was a firm rebuke to hard-line clerics who 
have dominated Iranian politics since the 
1979 revolution that toppled the pro* 
American shah. As such, Mr. Khatemi 's 
victory could foreshadow an era of greats 
er social freedom and political pluralism 
and. eventually, an opening for better 
relations with the West, according to 
political analysts and foreign diplomats. 

“People are looking for new faces, 
new visions,” said a prominent Iranian 
academic who advised the Khatemi cam- 
paign and spoke on condition of anonym- 
ity. “They have gotten tired of the status 
quo. It’s not a vote to overhaul the system, 
but it is definitely a vote to change.” 



UNITED NATIONS. New York — 
Reflecting the changes that democratic- 
ally elected governments have brought to 
1 grin America and the Caribbean, poht- 

a United Na- 

number of people who have vanished, 
apparently at the hands of anmesor 
SSe forces- It is also the region with 
the most new cases of disappearances. 
S5 Sxss of the panel , known as Aa 
UN Working Group on Enforced or In- 
voluntary Disappearances. . 

In cumulative terms. Latin America 

Ecuador El Salvador. Guatemala, Haiu 
in the Western Hemisphere wnere 

SsSSSs 


3 Ministers Resign 
As Prague Plans 
Cabinet Shake-Up 

Agence France-Presse 

PRAGUE- — Three min isters in 
tbe Czech government have resigned 
in advance of an expected reshuff- 
ling of the cabinet tills week. 

Finance Minister Ivan Kocamflc 
and Interior Minister Jan RumUboth 
from Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus’s 
Civic Democratic Party, resigned as 
the executive committees of the 
three main parties in the center-right 
majority met Saturday. The minister 
of trade and industry. Vladimir 
Dloughy, from the Civic Democrat- 
ic Alliance, also resigned. 

The Czech currency has come 
under heavy pressure in tire past 
days, forcing the central bank to 
intervene and raise interest rates. 


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Padck Baz/Agcwx-ftiiKe FtcMC 

President Rafsanjani commenting at a Sunday press conference on Mo- 
hammed Khatemi’s victory. He acknowledged a public yearning for change. 


2000 : Russia Seeks Help in Coping With Looming Software Chaos 


ta Indonesia most registered rases of 

in 

mid-1970s where many residents are o 


indigenous or Portuguese descent and 
are Christian or follow traditional tribal 
religions. Islam is the religion of a ma- 
jority of Indonesia's people and its 
army. 

In Iran, 509 people have been listed as 
missing, most of them arrested from 
1981 to 1989 for opposition to the Is- 
lamic government. 


Continued from Page 1 

rors or shut down. The range of areas in 
which die Year 2000 glitch could cause 
problems was laid out in a report by the 
Pentagon this month. 

They include not only business func- 
tions such as financial management, per- 
sonal management, health care, contract 
management and logistics management 
but also support of such military op- 
erations as mobilizing, deploying and 
maneuvering forces and the weapons 
systems used by them plus intelligence, 
surveillance and security efforts. 

Mr. Lawrence of the Dupuy Institute 
called the Russian situation critical but 
not apocalyptic. “Nobody is consider- 
ing a scenario so doomsday.” be said, 
“that on Jan. 1. 2000. in Russia, all the 
mis siles are going to launch.” 

But the economic and social impact of 
the failure to deal with the problem 
dearly is large. 

It was unclear whether Mr. 
Gorbachev stood to benefit personally 
from any U.S.-financed efforts to help 
Russia with the 2000 problem. 

Mr. Lawrence said the institute’s 
fund-raising program had been struc- 
tured to make it clear that the money was 
going where it was intended. Money will 
be collected and disbursed from the in- 
stitute's offices in McLean. Virginia, he 


said, and Mr. Gorbachev will serve as 
project director, but his institute will play 
no role. Checks to pay for projects to 
correct tbe problem in Russia win require 
tbe signatures of Mr. Lawrence, the in- 
stitute's president and its chairman. 

Mr. Gorbachev’s role in seeking a 
solution is not as unlikely as it might 
seem, a specialist in Russian information 
technology said. 

“That doesn't surprise me at all.” said 
Wilson Dizard. co-author of Mr. 
Gorbachev’s “Information Revolution” 
and a senior researcher at the Center for 
Strategic and International Studies. 
“Gorbachev is sort of the A1 Gore of 
Russia, someone who takes a keen in- 
terest in the world of information.” 

Russia invested heavily in mainframe 
computers, which are more likely to 
need Year 2000 fixes than are the more 
modern personal computers. 

Much of the U.S- software used in 
Russia is unlicensed — meaning dint 
vendors will not provide information on 
fixes. And the government has not sys- 
tematically upgraded its computers. 

Most Western industrialized coun- 
tries have been examining the 2000 
problem for at least a year or two. The 
United States. Britain and Canada are 
probably the furthest along. 

But the Russians, said Harrison 
Miller, president of the Information 


Technology Association of America, 1 
have done nothing. “They haven’t start- 
ed to do any work,” he said, “and they' 
don’t have any money to do it.” 

With a little more than 30 months to go 
before the date change, other countries’ 
also face serious problems. Mr. Miller 1 
said Western Europe could be six to nine; 
months behind the United States, slowed 
in part by the need to modify computers to 
deal with a angle European currency, and 
Asian. South American and other coun- 
tries have not come nearly far enough. 

How much money might be required 
in Russia is a matter of speculation. In 
the United Stares, the Office of Man- 
agement and Budget has estimated the 
cost of fixing government computers at 
$3.2 billion. But industry sources and 
others said the- true figure might be five 
to 10 times that much. 

Russell George, a congressional aide 
who took part in the meeting with Mr. 
Gorbachev, said. “If we were forced to 
put a figure on costs for the U.S. gov- 
ernment, we’d say $7 billion to $15 
billion.” The Department of Defense 
expects to spend $1.1 billion, a spokes- 
man said. Russia is less reliant on com- 
puters than the United States. But its 
military can be expected to face a similar 
range of Year 2000 challenges — \ m 
when its budget has been slashed and its 
staff is demoralized. 


, _ . L— - 


I 









PAGE 10 


MONDAY MAY 26, 1997 


EDITORIALS /OPINION 


Iteralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



PIB1.LSHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES VND THE KUHIMGTO!) POST 


' THK UltHIWTnN MCT I It’s Time to Moralize Switzerland and Beyond 


New Europe via Bosnia 


W ASHINGTON — In the moral 
wasteland that modem politics 


President Bill Clinton is into a phase 
of high -concept foreign policy. Start- 
ing this week he will be promoting a 
“structure” that is meant to do for a 
restored Europe and a diminished Rus- 
sia in the next 50 years what NATO, 
the Marshall Plan and Europe's own 
economic bodies did to rebuild, unify 
and defend the continent in the last 50 
years. Except that this time the 
changed circumstances draw Wash- 
ington into broad interdependence in 
order to deal with the more diffuse 
economic and security issues of the 
21st century. The enlargement of 
NATO and the European Union, the 
cultivation of a democratic Russia and 
the expansion of free trade are key 
elements in this new design. 

Well. yes. A structure of interlock- 
ing insdtutions and commitments is 
visible here, although it may owe more 
to traditional balance-of-power con- 
siderations — that is, of balancing off 
Russia — than Mr. Clinton, solicitous 
of Russian pride, lets on. 

The president understands that a 
vigorous sales job will be required to 
bring around an American public that 
is otherwise in a certain mood of re- 
trenchment and is historically inclined 
to staying at home. He has a good case 
to make that NATO enlargement along 
with accommodating Russia is worth 
more in deterrence, partnership and 
stability than it may cost in the ag- 
gravation of Russian nationalism and 
die extension of American risks and 
costs. He is also right in arguing that 
European integration need not come at 
American expense. 

But the architecture, as the Clinton 
White House likes to put it. is not the 
whole of it. .On the ground the land- 
scape is much grittier. Remember Bos- 
nia? Even as Mr. Clinton ■ steps up 
boldly to the big abstract questions — 
by comparison, the easy questions — 
his administration edges up ambigu- 
ously to this raw situation. 

The earlier NATO commitment to 
integrate broken Bosnia is plainly sag- 
ging. The whole enterprise risks col- 
lapse and a return to war if the United 
States simply goes through the motions 
and then leads the international peace- 


keepers out in a year. 
Before that can hi 


Before that can happen, the State 
Department now argues, there should 


be an effort to wring from the battered 
Dayton peace accords their intended 
result of a single Bo snian state. 

A special envoy for war crimes has 
been appointed. This is a morally es- 
sential attempt to address terrible 
wrongs. Only one small fry has been 
cried, and of those indicted — none at 
the leadership level — most remain at 
large. It is also a politically essential 
attempt to assert American influence on 
an issue critical to the Dayton goals. 

Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
bright adds that ihe NATO-led peace- 
keeping force will now “actively sup- 
port crucial civil implementation 
tasks.” Although these tasks exclude 
chasing down indicted war criminals, 
they include facilitating the return of 
refugees, installing elected- officials 
and restoring communications links. 

Or do they? The Pentagon dismisses 
the thought of new and bolder tasks, 
and lobbies for bringing American mil- 
itary personnel home on schedule next 
year. Mr. Clinton sees no dramatic 
departures in peacekeeping, and pro- 
nounces the force’s mid-1998 depar- 
ture set and firm. On both counts we 
think he is being politically cautious to 
a policy fault. Moreover, we suspect 
chat a stronger policy in support of 
Dayton's civil commitments would 
uncover more political latitude than ihe 
president has so far sought. 

In any event, the United States 
should also be applying economic 
leverage more vigorously. Bosnian 
moderates of all stripes would be 
strengthened by a policy that put into 
sharper play the broad incentives of 
rescuing their country from slum and 
pariah status, joining the European in- 
stitutions and entering the internation- 
al economy. These are big chips. 

Many people have already thrown in 
the towel, saying that the west should 
forget about Dayton and allow or even 
enable Bosnia to split on ethnic lines. 
We think the United States and its allies 
owe Bosnia a strenuous and good-faith . 
effort to prevent the final validation of 
“ethnic cleansing.” Without a con- 
scientious alliance policy in Bosnia, 
the Clinton campaign for doctrinal ap- 
proval looks quite different from the 
imaginative and assertive leadership it 
is meant to represent. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


▼ V wasteland that modem politics 
and statecraft have yielded, the U.S. 
report on the looting of gold and other 
treasures by the Nazis and their accom- 
plices abroad stands like aManerhom of 
integrity and truth-telling. It deserves 
action by the world community. 

That action should not be limited to 
acknowledging and condemning the 
wrongs committed by Nazi generals, 
Swiss bankers and Spanish business- 
men a half-centuiy ago. 

Nor is reimbursing and honoring 
Holocaust survivors and their families 
sufficient, although it is necessary. The 
ultimate test of the influence of the 
Eizenstat report lies in convincing the 
American government and the rest of 
the international community to apply 
the historical lessons that the report 
develops to contemporary behavior. 

The 212-page report, skillfully dir- 
ected by Undersecretary of Commerce 
Stuart Eizenstat and published this 
month, confirms that concern for human 
rights and morality has become a potent 
force in international affairs today. 

The report establishes beyond ar- 


By Jim HoagUnd 


gument that long after World War II 
ended Swiss banks still stubbornly 
clung to Nazi gold deposits that had 
been looted from other nations’ treas- 
uries and from Holocaust victims. 

Mr. Eizenstar’s interagency panel 
neatly punctured the Swiss rationale 
that their actions were dictated by their 
country’s neutral status and its fear of 
Nazi attack. Swiss evasion was about 
money, not about survival. 

Swiss collaboration, even on. this 
gigantic scale, should be no great sur- 
prise. The world has long encouraged 
Switzerland to use neutrality as a cloak 
for keeping morality and legal retri- 
bution out of its dealings with other 
countries and their wealthier citizens. 

Switzerland is an international cre- 
ation, a secretive banking haven, lux- 
urious tourist playground and home, or 
port of frequent call, for international 
civil servants who run the United Na- 
tions and other world bodies. Effi- 
ciency and anonymity are the only val- 
ues encouraged in this environment. 


The problem does not begin or end at 
Swiss borders. As Mr. Eizenstat un- 
flatteringly points our. the Lotted 
Stares was all too eager to deal with a 
neutral Switzerland during World War 
H for business and espionage. And 
without much discussion the Truman 
administration decided to exert 110 
pressure on Spain, Portugal, Sweden. 
Argentina and Turkey to turn over the 
loot the Nazis sent their way. 

* ‘There was always a Cold War rea- 
son not to press this issue, alwaysbig- 
gfTfkh Tony.”Mr ET‘7 < * n * r -' 1Tsa *tiinan 
interview in his Commerce Depart- 
ment office. “We needed bases in 
Spain and Portugal . Turkey was a valu- 
able ally, and so on. In a way. the Cold 
War interrupted history. Now we are 
able to go back and see how our pri- 
orities changed so dramatically." 

Mr. Eizenstat and his group are 
already engaged in what should be the 
first of two steps to follow up on the 
report. The commission is coming up 
with ways to prod the Swiss and others 
to do more about Nazi gold. 

The second step is more ambitious. 
The Clinton administration and other 


governments should use the ground- 
breaking work contained in this report to 
address contemporary' examples of open 
official criminality that governments are 
tempted to rationalize away because 
they have “bigger fish to fry.” 

Swiss and French banks should not 
wait 50 years to be toldthai they have to 
return to Congolese citizens the looted 
billions controlled by Marshal Mobutu 
Sese Seko. 

Foreign governments, and compa- 
nies dial continue to deal with the crim^ 
inni gang headed by General Sam ■ 
Abac ha in Nigeria should understand 
that they are the moral equivalents 
today of the Nazi accomplices Mr. 
Eizenstat has fingered. 

Swiss and UN authorities should be 
pressured not to turn a blind eye to the 
criminal background of Saddam Hus- 
sein’s representatives in Geneva and the 
blood money they have amassed there. 


There is plenty of work for a con- 
temporary Eizenstat. commission. And 
in Sru Eizenstat. Bill Clinton has a man 
who has demonstrated the abilities and 
determination to make it work. 

The Washington Post. 


Blair and Clinton Team Up to Get Northern Ireland Moving 


W ASHINGTON — Thanks 
to a remarkable conver- 


By Mary McGrory 


gence of interests between the 
White House and Whitehall, 


Toward Campaign Reform 


Tony Biair has unexpectedly 
breathed new life into the ashes 
of Bill Gin ton's Northern Irish 
peace initiative. 

The day after Mr. Blair’s 
May 1 landslide, Mr. Clinton 
stood up at a press conference 
and dropped the broadest him 
imaginable. “I hope and pray, 
now that the British election is 
over, that Prime Minister Blair 
will take up the torch, that the 
IRA will declare a cease-fire, 
and that we can get back on die 
road to resolving tftar prob- 
lem,” the president said. 

He has invested much emo- 
tion and time in the Irish pro- 
ject. There are 40 million frish- 
Americans in the United States, 
and the Irish gave him the best 
day of his presidency when he 
made a triumphal trip there in 
1995. Besides, he needs a dip- 
lomatic breakthrough. The 
AFL-CIO is ganging up on him 
to stop his China policy. 


Mr. Blair needed no nudging. 
It certainly suited his purposes 
to make a move in Belfast. 
What better way to show that he 
is not John Major than by swift 
positive action in Britain's most 
troublesome province? 

To general astonishment, he 
went to Belfast and made his 
first big speech. It was so per- 
meated with promises and guar- 
antees to Ulster's nervous ad- 
herents to the crown that one 
observer said sardonically. “I 
expected to hear him say ‘Ich 
bin ein Unionist.’ ” 

It’s not what he said but what 
he did that brought back hopes 
for peace. He sent representa- 
tives last week to a meeting with 
Sinn Fein, the IRA's political 
arm. It was by all accounts an 
extraordinary success. 

According to Quentin Thom- 
as. political director of Britain's 
Northern Ireland office, one of 
the Sinn Feineis was reviewing 
recent grievances about a fruit- 
less 17-month cease-fire when 


be stopped himself. “We’re not 
going into all that.” he said. 

It was probably the first time 
those words had been spoken in 
dialogue between English and 
Irish. Recrimination is a way of 
life in Ireland. Mr. Thomas ad- 
ded, “We were all very nice.” 

Mr. Blair so far has been dis- 
playing the political will that 
had been missing on the British 
side. Had he run true to form, be 
would have sulked and stalled a 
while to punish the IRA for its 
abominable performance dur- 
ing the campaign. The sabot- 
aging of the Grand National and 
the bomb threats at railway sta- 
tions disrupted the campaign 
and disgusted the British. 

But Mr. Blair showed an un- 


expected Mandela-esque re- 
solve not to “so into all that,” 


solve not to “go into all that,” 
and went into action instead. 

He authorized the transfer of 
two Irish prisoners to Irish jails. 
Poor Mr. Major could make no 
such confidence-building ges- 
tures; his five-vote margin in 


Parliament came from Union- 
ists. With a 179-vote edge, Mr. 
Blair can try anything he wants. 

The difference in ap pr o ach is 
personified by Mr. Biter’s new 
minister for Northern Ireland, 
Marjorie Mowlam. She is 
warm. kind, direct, committed 
— the antithesis of your stan- 
dard starchy British diplomat. 

The contrast with her pre- 
decessor, Sir Patrick Mayhew. 
could not be more striking, the 
Dublin press never tires of 
pointing out. He never walked 
through the streets of Belfast 
greeting ordinary people, hug- 
ging their children. 

Ata recent embassy dinner in 
Washington in her honor, Ms. 
Mowlam told of her recent trip 
through the Belfast parade 
areas, in anticipation of die 
marching season, which brings 
such pain and violence to cer- 
tain neighborhoods. Ian Pais- 
ley. the implacable voice of 
Protestant militants, was pre- 
dictably furious aboui her ef- 
forts. She implored the organ- 
izers to take a more rational 


view of re-creations of historic 
events — which might have 
happened yesterday, consider- 
ing the passions they arouse in 
participants and onlookers. 

“I’m chatty,” she says. “So 
it’s easy for me now. But wait 
until we get a little further along 
the road. There is so much to be 
done. The atmosphere is ter- 
rible — burned-out houses, 
punishment beatings. 

Mr. Blair told the Unionists 
tiiat “fears of betrayal are 
simply misplaced.’ " There will 
be no coercion in a settlement, 
no talks without an IRA cease- 
fire. He told the Sinn Feiners: 
“The settlement train is leav- 
ing. I want you on that train. But 
it is leaving anyway, and I will 
not allow it to wait for you.” * • 

Mr. Blair and Mr. Clinton 
meet on Thursday in London. 
Ireland will be high on the " 
agenda. Mo Mowlam will be 
there with her heartening pres- . 
ence — proof, it is hoped, that all • 
is “changed utterly” in die of- * 
ficial British view of the Irish. 

. The Washington Post. 


It is no secret in Washington that the 
proponents of campaign finance re- 
form have had trouble rounding up 


even mention a candidate's name be 


subject to restrictions. For example, a 
corporation or labor union could not 


supporters in Congress. Despite over- 
whelming popular demand for curbing 


whelming popular demand for curbing 
the flow of corporate and special-in- 
terest money into the political system, 
and the troubling disclosures about ab- 
uses by Democrats and Republicans, 
the politicians who have profited from 
the current system were never likely to 
embrace change. But the cause of re- 
form is not as bleak as some suppose. 
In fact, there are signs of life and 
grounds for hope. 

Because Trent Lott has refused to 
lead his party toward a cleanup, it has 
been especially hard to get Republican 
support in the Senate for the legislation 
sponsored by John McCain of Arizona 
and Russell Feingold of Wisconsin. 
Last week, however, Mr. McCain won 
the endorsement of Susan Collins, a 
fellow Republican from Maine, and 
there are prospects of lining up still 
more support. To get her backing, he 
hod to drop his bill's proposed bon on 
contributions to federal candidates by 
political action committees. Instead the 
bill would reduce the maximum PAC 
contributions from 55,000 to S2.500. 

Mr. McCain has made clear that he 
would be willing to make other con- 
cessions to pick up more support. A 
spirit of compromise and flexibility is 
obviously essential. But so is the ob- 
ligation to ensure that old loopholes 
which allowed out-of-control fund- 
raising last year are not simply re- 
placed by new loopholes and new ab- 
uses. The absolute minimum require- 
ment should be a ban on so-called 
“soft money" raised by the national 
and local party organizations outside 
the current limits on contributions im- 
posed by federal law'. 

But what if such a ban merely chan- 
nels money into supposedly independ- 
ent entities like the Christian Coalition, 
labor unions or even dummy groups 
working surreptitiously with the can- 
didates? The McCain-Feingold legis- 
lation meets this problem by requiring 
thar independent groups spending 
more than $10,000 for broadcast ads 
two months before an election which 


corporation or labor union could not 
finance the ad. and an individual's con- 
tribution could not exceed $5,000. 

In his Stare of the Union Message 
last winter. President Bill Clinton chal- 
lenged Congress to pass campaign fi- 
nancing reform by July 4. That appeal 
was based in part on the notion that 
congressional hearings into the abuses 
of last year would have got off the 
ground by then. But Fred Thompson, 
the Tennessee Republican beading the 
Senate’s inquiry, is not due to start his 
bearings until July. 

Now some in Congress say the cause 
of reform will be stronger in the fall, 
presumably after the hearings have gen- 
erated public support for change. That 
may be so. But the hearings should not 
be an excuse to put off a vote. Mr. 
McCain needs to confront Mr. Lott and 
demand a vote on reform before the 
cause runs out of steam. Since the Sen- 
ale rules allow it, he and other pro- 


America Is Pledged to Remain Involved With Hong Kong 


H ong kong — when 

Hong Kong is handed back 


ponents should be prepared to offer the 
legislation as an amendment to other 


legislation as an amendment to other 
legislation and force senators now sit- 
ting on the fence to vote “yes” or 
“no.” Thar was how the ban on gifts to 
senators came about in the last session. 

Many in Congress wish that the 
whole issue would go away. They need 
to understand that Hie public has put a 
high priority on reform. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


XL Hong Kong is handed back 
to China at the end of next 
month, Beijing will insist that 
die territory is an internal con- 
cern of China and that no other 
country has a right to interfere. 
Yet in several respects Hong 
Kong will remain very different 
from the rest of China. 

Britain as well as China 
signed die 1984 Chinese-British 
Joint Declaration, which pledges 
that from July 1 Beijing will 
have formal sovereignty, but 
Hong Kong “will continue to 
enjoy a high degree of autonomy 
on all matters other than on de- 
fense and foreign affairs.” Hong 
Kong is supposed to retain its 
current lifestyle and legal, social 
and economic systems until at 
least the year 2047. 

Quite clearly this gives Bri- 
tain a long-term involvement, 
although it appears to exclude 
other countries. Since 1982, 
China has taken the view that 
Hong Kong is purely a matter 
between China and Britain and 
that in no circumstances can 


By George Hicks 


the issue be internationalized. 

But one of George Bush's 
last acts as president was to sign 
into law on Oct. 5, 1992, the 
U.S.-Hong Kong Policy Act. It 
established the authority of the 
U.S. government to treat Hong 
Kong as a nonsovereign entity 
distinct from China for pur- 
poses of U.S. domestic law, 
based on the principles of the 
1984 Chinese-British Joint 
Declaration. 

The act received strong bi- 
partisan support from the U.S. 
Congress and the American 


Implementation of the act is 
being watched closely by 
China’s neighbors in Asia, es- 
pecially Taiwan. Japan and 
South Korea. They see it as a 
crucial test of U.S. credibility. 

Under the Joint Declaration, 
China has clear international 


obligations to Hong Kong, 
while under the U.S.-Hong 


people. Senator Mitch McCon- 
nell, who with Representative 
John Porter originated the law, . 
said that Mr. Bush's signature 
would “reassure the people of 
Hong Kong that the U.S. in- 
tends to be engaged in Hong 
Kong after 1997, to die full ex- 
tent permitted under the Joint 
Declaration ... China must now 
respect America’s interest in 
supporting Hong Kong’s polit- 


ical and economic freedoms.’ 


while under the U.S.-Hong 
Kong Policy Act the United 
States has a legal obligation to 
use its power to ensure “full 
implementation of the provi- 
sions of the Joint Declaration.” 

If the U.S.-Hong Kong act 
proves to be a worthless bit of 
paper, why should Taiwan 
place any confidence in. the 
Taiwan Relations Act, which 
was also passed by the U.S. 
Congress? The Taiwan act, 
which among other things 
promises that “the island can 
resist any military aggression,” 
could well prove more costly 
and difficult for the United 
States to implement than twist- 
ing China's arm to ensure that 


Other Comment 


Good News Could Be News No to Lily - White Law Schools 


Some readers deplore that the press is 
more interested in unhappy events than 
in happy ones. They wish it would put 
more stress on “positive’ ’ news, instead 
of concentrating on aimed attacks and 
catastrophes. The news is full of crises 
and breakups, but isn’t it time to revise 
that notion of news? ’ ‘Events bore me.” 
wrote Paul Valdry, who said he pre- 
ferred “the sea” to “froth.” Shouldn't 
the press look beyond events? 

— Thomas Ferenczi. ombudsman 
at Le Monde (Paris). 


W ASHINGTON —A law 
professor at die Uni- 


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VY professor at the Uni- 
versity of Texas asked, 
“What is it going to be like 
teaching Brown vs. Board of 
Education with no blacks in 
die class-room?" His ques- 
tion is not hypothetical. 

As a result of campaigns to 
end affirmative action in uni- 
versity admissions, many law 
school and other classes in 
Texas and California may be 
lily-white next year. Admis- 
sion figures have just been an- 
nounced. and they show how 
drastic are die effects of for- 
bidding universities to seek 
ethnic and racial diversity 
among their students. 

The University of Texas 
Law School, operating under 
the draconian Hopwood de- 
cision of the U.S. Court of 
Appeals- for the Fifth Circuit, 
has offered just 10 blacks ad- 
mission next fell, a drop of 80 
percent from this year’s fig- 
ure. Hie same percentage drop 
has occurred at the University 
of California law schools at 
Berkeley and Los Angeles. 

Those figures should worry 
whites and blacks, liberals and 
conservatives. America will be 
a worse country — more di- 
vided, angrier. less committed 
to hope — if fee great Amer- 
ican universities go back to al- 
most all-white student bodies. 

One achievement of Amer- 
ican society in the last decade 


By Anthony Lewis 


has been the growth of a sub- 
stantial black professional 
class. Thar was possible be- 
cause universities, recogniz- 
ing blacks' inherited burden 
of discrimination and their 
own need for greater diversity, 
sought more black students. 

1 asked Randall Kennedy of 
Harvard Law School, a black 
scholar who has bad his doubts 
about affirmative action, what 


he thought about the Texas 
and California figures. “I 


and California figures. “I 
think they’re going to concen- 
trate a lot of people's minds," 
he said. “The drastic drop-off 
might make even opponents of 
affirmative action say, ‘We've 
got to think some more. ' ” 

No one now defends quotas 
— setting aside places for 
minority students in universit- 
ies. But Hopwood and Cali- 
fornia’s new rules are rigid in 
the opposite way. The premise 
is that universities should ad- 
mit students only on “merit,” 
meaning test scores. 

But no good university does 
feat. Each considers what the 
applicant is and may be: fee 
obstacles he or she has over- 
come. fee potential for 
growth, fee skill at sports and 
music and other things. 

A good university con- 
siders, also, fee educational 
value of diversity. Thar was 


one point of an important 
statement made last month by 
the Association of American 
Universities. 

“Diversity,” fee statement 
said, is “a value central to fee 
very concept of education in 
our institutions.” Students 
learn from encountering oth- 
ers of different backgrounds. 
And “we are conscious of our 
obligation to educate excep- 
tional people who will serve 
all of fee nation's different 
communities.” 

In making that statement, 
the universities provided lead- 
ership — not just in their in- 
terest but in the interest of 


the “legislature of Hong Kong 
will be constituted by elec- 
tions” — a promise China has 
said it will break on July 1. 

America’s credibility with 
the rest of Asia will be on the 
line as soon as Hong Kong re- 
verts to Chinese sovereignty. If 
• China can get away wife re- 
placing Hong Kong's demo- 
cratically elected legislature 
with its own handpicked ver- 
sion. then it will appear feat 
much safer for Beijing to retake 
Taiwan with military force. 

The importance of the elected 
legislature- was clearly recog- 
nized by fee framers of fee U.S.- 
Hong Kong Policy Act. The is- 
sue was highlighted on fee first 
page of the act as one of its major 
points. Section ID of the act 
states feat “the legislature of the 
Hong Kong Special Administra- 
tive Region will be constituted 
by elections, and the provisions 
of the International Covenant on 
Civil and Political Rights and fee 
International Covenant on Eco- 
nomic. Social and Cultural 
Rights, as applied to Hong Kong, 
shall remain in force." 

If this central feature of fee 
act is conveniently overlooked 
by fee Clinton administration, 
fee message to Asia will be 
clean The United States cannot 
be trusted to keep its word, and 
Asian countries, even allies of 
America, should take steps to 
protect tbeir own interests. 

Thus it might seem to make 
sense for Taiwan to manufac- 
ture offensive arms, perhaps 
even nuclear weapons, to safe- 
guard independence. A newly 


ammunition to press the case for 
Japanese rearm ament South 
Korea’s foreign policy and 
arms options might no longer be 
restrained by U.S. promptings. 

If America were to honor its 
obligations to Hong Kong and 
take retaliatory action against 
China, it need not rely on blunr 
weapons such as denial of most- 
favored trading status, delaying 
China’s entry into the World 
Trade Organization or postpon- 
ing fee planned visit by Pres- 
ident Jiang Zemin to the United 
States. More finely calibrated 
and precisely targeted weapons 
could be used. 

These could include with- 
holding the transfer of certain 
technologies to China, playing 
tough on air services agree- 
ments or delaying visa appli- 
cations for selected Chinese of- 
ficials. This last measure could 
be extended to members of the 
Hong Kong business commu- 
nity who have jumped on the 
Beijing bandwagon. 

Finally, if anyone in Wash- 
ington wanted to target China's 
armed forces, a suspension of 
the rapidly growing exchanges 
between the Pentagon and the 
Chinese military would be a 
good place to start. 

If America fails to honor its ' 
obligations to Hong Kong, it . 
will invite instability in East • 
Asia, a region feat needs a cred- 
ible American security guaran- 
tee if it is to remain an economic 
powerhouse. 


• : -am Slfilfc 

-- v v* 


• \\ C, id Ummt* 







resurgent right wing in Japan 
would be banded potent new 


The writer, an economist and 
author of a number of books on 
Asia, contributed this comment 
to the Herald Tribune . 


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IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO ^ 


1897: Italian Colony 


civic unity in fee country. 
The University of Te 


The University of Texas 
Law School has 2,000 Mex- 
ican- and African-American 
alumni — an important num- 
ber in a state with large pop- 
ulations of those groups. Now 
both have been cut drastically 
in admissions, and applica- 
tions are way down. In a civic 
sense, as Dean Michael S har- 
lot said, feat is “tragic." 

America is going to become 
more diverse, not less. Unless 
universities are allowed to 
look at the reality of students 
from bad ghetto schools and 
consider their capacity for 
growth, it is going to be an 
America even more divided. 


ROME — Prime Minister. 
Marquis di Rudini, declared 
feat the Government was ab- 
solutely decided to reduce to fee 
smallest limits the Italian mil- 
itary occupation in Africa, if 
possible, to Massowab, and to 
end the occupation of Kassala. 
The Minister ended by announ- 
cing that it was also necessary 
to take a manly resolve and con- 
sider unflinchingly fee question 
of a colony which had so far 
only brought fee people much 
bitterness and sorrow. 


shouting and carrying banners 
with slogans. Apparently’ fee 
friendly manner in which he 
was received by the natives, 
who had evidently fee intention 
to present a protest against the 
French, was misinterpreted by 
officials in Damascus. 


- - *0*5 


more susceptible to racial dis- 
content ana demagogy. 


content ana demagogy. 

The New York Times. 


1922: Syrian Sentence 

PARIS — Mr. Charles R. 
Crane, former American Min- 
ister to China, was sentenced to 
twenty years’ imprisonment at a 
military court at Da masc us for 
inciting fee Syrians. Mr. Crane 
was about to leave Damascus 
when his automobile was sur- 
rounded by a throng of natives 


1947: Western Defense 

WASHINGTON — President 
Truman asked Congress for au- 
thority to arm, equip and train 
fee armed forces of fee Western 
Hemisphere nations, including 
Canada. In a special message. 
Truman told legislators that 
world developments made Such 
action more important today 
than last year. One of the main 
aims of Mr. Truman’s program 
is to bring about a standard- 
ization of arms and military 
methods throughout fee West- 
ern Hemisphere so feat fee 
forces of all nations can co-op - 

orate more effectively in fee de- 
fense of this part of the world. 








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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 26, 1997 


PAGE 11 


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LANGUAGE 


Finding a New Name for Old Testament 


By William Safire 

“d got a letter from Michael Ber^ 

fc ho ,rach « -*W - 

th *n?J $ WS ' Ihere “ no such diing as 
the Old Testament. Job is a book and a 

character m the Hebrew Bible " he 

?* ^ rguin S dial "Old Testament 

L /2?l SUa !? lerm * al Presumes that 
the Old has been supplemented by the 

New Testament /' a view that Judaism 
does not hold. 

I ran that past Professor David Mar- 
cus of the Jewish Theological Sem- 
inary in New York. “I use Old Test- 
ament:- he said cheerily, “but many 
people have a problem with that be- 
cause old assumes new. Strict Jewish 
people use Hebrew Bible; however 
they do say New Testament” 

Next source: Professor Jacob 
Neusner of the University of Florida, 
audior of a shelf of books, including 
Price of Excellence" (Con- 


A * — % .TT. . - t - A '- c “CTice tt_on- 
4 tinuum). Nothing is incorrect about 
P y . our correspondent’s complaint, but 
the use of Heb 


your correspondent’s complaint, but 
the use of Hebrew Bible in the context 
of religious studies is not a whole lot 
better than saying Old Testament . 
Here s the reason: Parts of the Scrip- 
tures of Judaism are written in Ara- 
maic, so if you say Hebrew Bible. 
you’re leaving out that pan.” 

Hmm. I'd be willing to write “the 
Hebrew Bible, plus parts of Daniel. 
Ezra, Jeremiah, and the others that 
were written in Aramaic,' ’ but others 
might find that formulation taking a lot 
of space. 

□ 

Professor Michael O'Connor of the 
Union Theological Seminary in New 
York recognizes the “prejudicial" 
problem in the 14th-century term Old 
Testament and notes that Roman Cath- 
olicism accepts as canonical more Old 
Testament books than do the Jewish 
and Protestant faiths. ‘ ‘In the next gen- 
eration." he predicts, "Christians will 
probably more often refer to the First 


Testament, a term coined in the early 
’80s by James Sanders at Clare- 
mont.” 

Checked with Sanders at the Cl are - 
mom School of Theology in Clare- 
mont, California. “1 cannot use the 
term Hebrew Bible." he explains, “be- 
cause the Jewish canon is arranged in 
an entirely different way from the First 
Testament Scriptures in Christian re- 
ligions.” The books of the prophets, 
which come in the middle of Judaism’s 
Scripture, were placed at the end of 
what Christians call the OldTcstament 
because they predict the coming of a 
messiah and make a natural transition 
to the New. 

The Reverend Bernard Lee of Loy- 
ola University in New Orleans agrees: 
“For Catholics, the Old Testament 
contains additional books ordered dif- 
ferently than in the Jewish canon. I like 
to call the Old Testament and the New 
Testament the Early Scriptures and the 
Late Scriptures because that seems the 
least ideological approach." 

Face it.’ ’ responds Professor Maty 
Boys at the Union Theological Sem- 
inary, ‘“First and Second Testaments’ 
is short on poetics. And when we 
offered a course at Boston University 
titjed the Hebrew Bible, many students 
said they did not sign up for it because 
they did not know Hebrew.” On the 
surface, it seems a simple question — 
What do you call the Old Testament? 
— but it’s truly complex." 

Evidently Old Testament, as a proper 
noun, is beginning to offend some 
Jews, and we see sensitive Christians 
becoming aware of it. In the new Dic- 
tionary of Global Culture, edited by 
Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry 
Louis Gates Jr., we read, “The Bible is 
divided into two parts, the Hebrew 
Scriptures and the New Testament." 

The terms Hebrew Bible and 
Hebrew Scriptures may be knocked as 
suggesting they do not include Ara- 
maic books or may not be translated 
into English, but most people get the 
drift that they are “the Bible of the 
Hebrews." And nobody objects to 
Ne w Testament. 

Therefore, in my mental stylebook. 
I’ll go along with others who use 
Hebrew Bible; however, because I am 


a traditionalist and do not find ob- 
jections from co-religionists upsetting, 
my personal preference remains Old 
Testament. (Many strongly traditional 
Jews reject both Bible and Testament 
and choose Tanakh. an acronym for the 
three divisions of the sacred writings: 
Torah, the five books of Moses; Ne- 
biim. the books of the prophets; and 
Ketubim. the other sacred writings.) 

But the handwriting is on the wall 
(Daniel 5:25-28). I foresee, in this 
eagerly inoffensive age, a widening 
use of Hebrew Bible and New Test- 
ament as the description of Scripture in 
the future, with Christians continuing 
to use the Bible to cover the Good Book 
(or Books, as the case may be). 

If Hebrew Bible, its usage now 
spreading among theologians and other 
academics of many faiths, does ulti- 
mately replace Ola Testament for the 
proper noun, I hope the old Middle 
English phrase lingers on as an ac- 
ceptable compound adjective, as in ‘ ‘the 
Old Testament Job" or “the Old Test- 
ament prophets," with the two words 
meaning “fearlessly uncompromising 
in matters of justice and morality.” You 
don’t agree? Decide for yourself; this is 
the voice of the language maven, not the 
Voice from the whirlwind. 

□ 

Having thus solved the Testament 
problem to my own satisfaction, I now 
plan to turn to another linguistic con- 
troversy in religion: the use of B.C. 
after a date before the birth of Christ. 

Should it be B.C. or B.C£.? Does 
the latter stand for "Before the Chris- 
tian Era" or “Before the Common 
Era" or “Commander of the British 
Empire" or what? Should AI>. be 
placed before or after the Year One. or 
does that abbreviation of the Latin An- 
no Domini — “in the year of our 
Lord" — step on Jewish, Muslim, and 
other non -Christian toes? 

Send your expostulations — not by 
flaming e-mail or chiseled on tablets, 
but in a normal letter — to The Old 
Sermonizer, The New York Times 
Washington Bureau, 1 627 1 Street NW, 
Washington, D.C. 20006. 

Don’t even have to date it 
New York Times Service 


BOOKS 


THE HIGHWAYMEN: Warriors 
of the Information 
Superhighway 

By Ken Auletta. 346 pages. $27 JO. 
Random House. 

Reviewed by 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 

T RUE enough, there's a slightly 
dated quality to many pieces in Ken 
Auletta's “The Highwaymen: Warriors 
of the Information Superhighway," 
most of which first appeared in The 
New Yorker. 

Things are changing so quickly on his 
information-rev olution beat that the 
Postscripts he adds at die end of each of 
his 16 pieces sometimes are more per- 
tinent than the pieces themselves. 

For instance, after concluding “No 
Longer the Son of. Seagram’s Edgar 
Bronfman Jr." (The New Yorker, June 
6, 1994) with assurances that his subject 
is satisfied with running Seagram’s, he 
announces in his Postscript: “Edgar Jr. 
was not content to remain only in the 
spirits business, despite his clai m s about 
the ’creativity ' of the business world. He 


would sate his entertainment appetite by 
acquiring MCA in 1995." 

It is also true that Auletta roams all 
over die landscape in these pieces. He 
tries to pull everything together in his 
introduction by proclaiming a series of 
overarching maxims: "Ctoe: All compa- 
nies strive to crush competitors and to 
take the risk out of capitalism." But 
there are 16 of these — too many to 
cohere — and the 15th is, self-deprec- 
atingly enough, “Beware of maxims." 

Still, large benefits stem from both 
the datedness and the variety of 
Auletta's material. The chief one is that 
he clarifies all the confusion surround- 
ing his subject, which is to say be makes 
clear why the communications revo- 
■ lutiofl is so terribly confusing. 

Several of the pieces here focus on 
what once looked as if it were going to 
work but hasn’t. Among recent casualties 
are Marshall McLuhan’s notion of the 
Global Village, which has been under- 
mined by the truth that all politics is local 
fin tiie chapter titled “Localism Con- 
founds Ted Turner’s Global Village”). 

Another is the revival of the old 
concept of corporate synergy, which, in 


BRIDGE 



By Alan Trascott 

I F the Yankees move to 
New Jersey, the shock for 
baseball fans will be compa- 
rable to what was to be felt 
this week by bridge players. 

The Eastern Regional*, 
which have been held in Man- 
hattan for 68 years and are 
America’ s oldest tournament, 
are currently being played at 
the Sheraton Stamford Hotel 
in Stamford, Connecticut 
But ibis migration is revers- 
ible. _ 

The Reisinger Knockout 
Teams contest began recently 
at the New York Helmsley 


Hotel in Manhattan. Four 
years ago, August Boehm of 
Manhatt an helped his team 
win the final by bringing 
home an aggressive three no- 
trump contract as South on 
the diagramed deal. 

The heart seven was led to 
the ace, and East shifted to the 
spade jack, recognizing that 
continuing hearts would not 
be effective. 

South could not afford to 
duck, for the defense would 
then be able to shift back to 
hearts. 

He therefore won with the 
spade ace and led the club 
jack. 

East won with the king and 


played the spade jack. 

Again ducking would have 
been fatal, for another spade 
would have established five 
tricks for the defense. 

Boehm took his spade king 
and led another club. This es- 
tablished the suit, and the de- 
fense could not take two 
spade tricks. 

The spade eight in the 
closed hand was the crucial 
card, blocking the suit for the 
defenders. So the game was 
made. 

In the replay, North-South 
. rested in two clubs, and 
Boehm’s team gained 10 
imps en route to victory. 


NORTH 

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CROSSWORD 


ACROSS 

i Propup 
G Goddess 
pictured in 
Egyptian tombs 

to Fraud 
14 Old autos 
is Short latter 
1 * Patriot Nathan 
it Feeftng realty 
good 

20 Get-otrt-o*'/®' 1 
money 

21 Hors cf oeuvre 


22 Song for Aida 

230 K>mpeddown 

24 - cost to 

you!" 


28 Noveflst waugh 
27 Batter's goal 
39 Frigid 

23 Turandof slave 
9>d 

21 Moon-landing 
vehicle 

22 de 

Tnomphe 

32*1 Grow Up" 

("Peter Pan* 
song) 

34 Heads of sttfe 
get-together 
22*ltcanTber 

23 Be in session 
43 Nothing 

41 Peas' holder 

42 Pennies: Abbr. 


43 Creeks 
47 Storm warnings 


Solution to Ftuale of May 23 



43 Canton's #2 
so Wrestler's place 

31 Site lor a swing 

ssRMti-tiMi 

(Kipting 

mongoose) 

32 Capable of 

o4 tittle that's visible 
sr Poker call 
sa Mending site 
S3 Louis XIV, 
1643-1715 
oo Hawaii’s stau 

biro 

ci Remove from 
office 

B2 Dunne of 'I 
Remember 
Mama" 

down 

1 TWck-mjnlcad 
tropical me 

2 tta&an soprano 
Scotto 

aCtarmeaaShaw 
aid others 

4 Refrigerate 
aOneofKresfcjn's 
dam* 

6 Wee one 

7 V0C8 

(almost m a 
whisper) 

■ Spiflane's"— 
Jury" 


. » visualize 

10 Beach 

11 Set of bells 

12 Relieving 

13 Club 

ia They expect the 
best 

is Undulating 
24 "Urn. excuse 
me* 


esLikeathree- 

doUar-bill 

23 Cashew. e-B- 
2t"ncWeme*dol 
29 Anger 

22 Quantity: Abbr. 
33 S>y trick 

24 Cable channel 
as Support 

33' the 


37 Radial, e.g. 
as Photo — 

(media everts) 

42 Musical agn 

43 Bygone Russttn 
group 

44 Electrical unit 

45 Female 

attendant 
43 Cheap OS** 

4a Siena 

43 Scottish Celts 
52 IOC-notes 
32 Opposite of 
unter.m German 


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INTERNATIONAL 


Congo: Halting Tide of Corruption 

Alliance Bans Political Activity in 6 One-Movement 5 State 


By Lynne Duke 

Washinfftaa Post Service 


KINSHASA, Congo — Laurent Kab- 
ila’s Alliance of Democratic Forces for 
the Liberation of Congo has told jpolit- 
ical parties here to suspend all activity. Ii 
has told politicians from other groups 
that have been inducted in tbe new gov- 
ernment to leave their party - affiliations 
behind. 

But if this sounds like the beginning of 
a one-party state, it is not. says Luangy 
Celesun, the new justice minister. In tbe 
new logic of liberation that prevails in 
the former Zaire, the alliance is a polit- 
ical movement, not a political party, so 
the country cannot be called a one-party 
state. But tbe alliance has installed itself 
as the nation’s single political authority, 
which makes Congo, if not a one-party 
state, certainly a one-movement state. 

“We in the alliance have our ob- 
jectives, and these objectives are the 
objectives of the new government." said 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

Bizima Karaha, the new foreign minister 
and a close aide to Mr. Kabila. “The 
members of our government are be- 
lieved to be people who belong to demo- 
cratic forces." 


Auletta’s view, has placed the news- 
reporting side of the communications 
business dangerously close to market- 
ing concerns. (“Synergy: The Mantra 
That's Bad for Journalism.") 

A third is interactive television, or a 
device for supplymg customers whatever 
entertainment they want when they want 
it, which, surprisingly , has so far felled to 
prove appealing to customers in trial 
runs. (“The Magic Box: Interactive 
TV?") 

This last subject raises what proves to 
be one of tbe most intriguing themes in 
this book, namdy the possible effect on 
toe community at large of home en- 
tertainment that can be programmed by 
the individual consumer. 

Everyone died by Auletta seems to 
agree that George Orwell was wrong, 
tot with the rise of the fax machine and 
the Internet, individuals can now break 
any monopoly of information held by 
Big Brother. But faced with the opposite 
of monopoly, wfll people really want 
complete control of their entertainment? 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt is on the 
staff of The New Yak Times. 


time dictator Mobutu Sese Seko. the al- 
fiance has marginalized a deadlocked sys- 
tem of offidally sanctioned political 
opposition that soughr Marshal Mobutu 's 
ouster but never managed to achieve it. 

To eradicate toe Mobutist system, the 
alliance has dissolved Parliament, 
dumped the old constitution, declared 
itself to national authority, proclaimed 
Mr. Kabila president and renamed to 
country die Democratic Republic of 
Congo. And there is more. For this is not 
just a government takeover — it is a 
complete remaking of society, alliance 
officials say, ranging from the political 
to toe economic, from toe civic to the 
moral, with to alliance as arbiter. 

The alliance, whose mUilaiy forces 
took Kinshasa on May 17 as the final 
prize in their seven-month campaign to 
control tbe country, has assumed to 
reins of a vast nation of 45 million 
people, at tease 250 ethnic groups and 
regions so insular that outsiders are con- 
sidered foreign. 

To govern this chaotic country, toe 
alliance put in place to core of its in- 
terim government this week, including 
several figures from other political 
groups. The alliance has pledged to cre- 
ate a constituent assembly in 60 days to 
hammer out a transitional constitution. 
Elections will be held after a two-year 
period of suspended political activity 
during which the nation’s political sys- 
tem will be reoriented — under to al- 
liance's guidance. 

Part and parcel of this process ap- 
cntly is a neutralization of the 
ibutu-inspired agendas of toe nation’s 
kaleidoscope of political parties. A mul- 
tiparty system was introduced in 1990 
when Marshal Mobutu announced to 
end of his one-party rule. Since then, 
however. Marshal Mobutu had presided 
over to political system like a wizard 
throwing dust in to eyes of his op- 
ponents. He created parties called “op- 
ition" that in reality were his allies, 
co-opted some opposition figures to 
dilute their support And he never gave 
up to power that had been exclusively 
his until he was forced to flee Kinshasa 
on May 16. with rebel farces just outside 
his city. 

With the alliance’s seizure of political 
power, “we have helped them out of 
their misery,” Mr. Luangy said of toe 
political parties. “Maybe toy do not 
understand that yet, because it’s too re- 
cent" 

The system of Mobutism was so cor- 
so immoral, so personalized that 
_ Zairians had never been taught 
to understand free political thought or 
toe broader interests of tbe nation, al- 
liance officials say. Before elections can 
be held, the population needs to be ideo- 
logically and politically re-educated so it 
will be able to make truly free and fair 
choices, alliance officials say. 

“Until such time when there will be 
those minimum conditions to organize a 
free and fair election, there shall never tte 
elections in this country, because we 
want elections that will bring real de- 
mocracy," Mr. Karaha said. 

Alliance officials grow testy when 
pressed too hard to outline a transitional 
time frame, as Mr. Karaha did at a news 
conference. “Do you know whal the 
people of this country want? They want 
to eat! Theywant food! They want to go 
to school! Please! Wait with your elec- 
tions!" 

The alliance’s economic program still 
is loosely formed but comprises ele- 
ments of both free-market and the con- 
troUed-market practices in what alliance 
officials call an economy of to “social 
market," which they are careful to say 
does not mean socialist. 

Bui their work goes much further. 


toy say — a fact indicated when a 
newscaster on to alliance’s radio sta- 
tion this week urged women to stop 
wearing miniskins. It was not official 
alliance policy, Mr. Luangy said, but in 
line with the new push to stifle the im- 
morality that to alliance sees as the 
legacy of to Mobutu regime. 

More than half of Congo’s population 
was born during the Mobutu years, 
meaning they know no other way of life 
than toe hustle for daily survival and toe 
thievery, bribe-taking and embezzle- 
ment that Marshal Mobutu's system 
fostered, and even encouraged, Mr. Lu- 
angy said In the absence of a formal 
economy providing jobs with regular 
salaries, the hustle of corruption has 
become the only way. 


“There’s much more than the eco- 
nomic and social objective that the al- 
liance has to address," Mr. Luangy said. 
“There has been a crisis in morality in 
this country." 

■ Mobutu's Travel Plans 

A senior Moroccan official said that 
Marshal Mobutu, given asylum in Mo- 
rocco, was expected to leave for France 
next week, Reiners reported from Ra- 
bat. 

“President Mobutu, who was wel- 
comed by Morocco for humanitarian 
reasons, is expected to leave for France 
as his final destination at the beginning 
of June unless there are complications in 
his health,' 1 said the official, who asked 
not to be named 



Supporters of Sheikh Mahfoud Nahnah, leader of tbe Movement of 
Society for Peace, formerly known as Hamas^ the largest legal 
Islamist party in Algeria, at an election rally on Sunday in Algiers. 
Legislative elections have been scheduled for June 5 in Algeria. 

18 Slain in Massacre South of Algiers 


Agence France-Presse 
ALGIERS — Tbe heads of 18 per- 
sons, two of them women, were found 
by taxi drivers on a road in Algeria, a 
newspaper said Sunday. 

The discovery was made near the 
town of Ain Maabad, near Djelfa. on 
to main road leading south, about 300 
kilometers .from Algiers, to El 
Khabar paper reported Officials 
Sunday were unable to confirm, tbe 
report or provide details. 

Massacres have been frequent in 
recent months in Algeria, attributed to 
the conflict between toe military- 
backed government and toe Algerian 


Islamic fundamentalists. 

According to the press, several 
shepherds have been killed in the last 
few weeks in toe Djelfa region, a 
nomadic, agricultural area on a high 
plateau in northern Algeria. The slay- 
ings are believed to be to work of 
Islami c frind^mentalis is. 

El Khabar recently reported that in 
Tiaret, west of Djelfa, shepherds had 
been ordered by fundamentalist 
groups not to take their flocks out to 
pasture. 

Western sources estimate that more 
than 60,000 people have been killed in 
to Algerian conflict since 1992. 


BRIEFLY 


Turkey Adds Troops 
To Anti-Kurd Force 

ANKARA — Turkey has tripled its 
presence in northern Iraq to around 

30.000 troops, in an 21-day military 
operation that has left nearly 1,450 
Tu rkish Kurd separatists dead a mil- 
itary official said Sunday. 

Around 10,000 troops entered 
northern Iraq on May 14 to wipe out 
bases of to Kurdish Workers Party 
and “since ton, to number of troops 
has been increased to a level between 

25.000 and 30,000,” tbe official 
said. 

He said that since the operation 
began, nearly 1,750 “terrorists"* had 
been “neutralized, including about 
1,450 dead*- (AFP) 

IranNot in aHurry 
To See German Aide 

TEHRAN — President Hasbemi 
Rafsanjani said Sunday that Iran was 
not ready for the return of the German 
ambassador but suggested that to 
diplomatic dispute could be resolved 
in time. 

He also denied UJS. allegations that 
Tehran had acquired chemical 
weapons technology from China. 

Mr. Rafsanjani noted that Iraq used 
chemical weapons against Iran during 
their 1980-88 war, raising public ire 
against such weaponry. 

Tbe dispute with Germany dates to 
April, when a Berlin court ruled that 
Iranian leaders had ordered to 1992 - 


assassination of four Iranian Kurdish 
dissidents in Berlin. (AP) 

Pakistan Warns U.S, 
Of Suit Over Planes 

UNITED NATIONS, New York— 
Pakistan’s foreign minister told toe 
Clinton administration last week rfwt 
if no progress was made over to next 
few months on to repayment of $650 
million Washington owes Pakistan for 
undelivered aircraft, the Islamabad 
government will have to consider su- 
ing the United States. 

Foreign Minister Gobar Ayub 
Khan said in an interview that 
Pakistan could not afford to let the 
statute of limitations run out in two 
years on its ability to recoup toe 
money through the courts. The law- 
suit would be brought in to United 
States. Pakistani officials say, because 
Washington often disregards the rul- 
ings of international courts. 

Pakistan had paid for 28 of 60 F-16 
fighter planes it ordered when a con- 
gressional amendment cut off all aid 
and military sales to Pakistan in 1990 
because President George Bush could 
no longer certify that Pakistan was not 
developing nuclear weapons. (NYT) 

For the Record 

Pakistan and India have sched- 
uled a second round of talks at toe 
foreign-minister level for June 19-22, 
to continue to dialogue to improve 
ties. Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub 
Khan of Pakistan said Sunday. (AFP) 


Congo Government Vows to Tighten Security 


Camptrdb, Or Stiff From DUperha 

KINSHASA, Congo — Laurent Kab- 
ila's Democratic Republic of to Congo 
said Sunday that fears of insecurity in to 
capital were real and that measures 
would be taken to tighten government 
control of toe city. 

“There are complaints from all sides 
that to city is not secure, which is 
entirely true," Interior Minister Mwen- 
ze Kongo I o said in a television address. 
"We dunk it is just a matter of giving us 
a little time to be able to controltoe city, 
which is so fell of evil-doers." 

After two days of street protests 
against Ids takeover, Mr. Kabila said 
Saturday that elections in Africa’s third- 
largest country in land area would have 
to wait for two years. 


Just after dawn Sunday, heavily 
armed soldiers, many of them teenagers, 
moved into Kinshasa’s top hotel where 
most of to new government stays, de- 
manding to search rooms and forcing 
open doors where guests were sleeping. 

Western diplomats said their col- 
leagues living in flats overlooking to 
riverside prime minister’s residence 
where Mr. Kabila now lives had been 
told to move out. 

“They are obsessed by security above 
anything else,” one diplomat in to 
teeming capital of 5 million people said 

The alliance established its headquar- 
ters in to hotel's top two floors after its 
troops marched into to capital last week- 
end to overthrow Mobutu Sese Seko, to 
country's dictator for nearly 32 years. 


The crackdown, ostensibly a search for 
weapons, came between 6 AJA and 9 
AM. when most guests were asleep in 
then roonu at to Intercontinental Hotel. 

Journalists were also targets of the 
search. 

“They banged on my door, calling out 

‘Alliance,’ and when I opened it, seven 
soldiers pushed their way in," an Amer- 
ican journalist staying at to 21 -story 
hotel said 

“They said they were looking for 
weapons, but toy went through my 
money belt, all my papers for about 15 
minutes," he said, adding that toe sol- 
diers had been “fairly well behaved" 

A French journalist staying at the 
hotel said “It seems they searched 
every single room." (Reuters, AFP) 















PAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 26, 1997 


CAPITAL MARKETS ON MONDAY 


Three New Equity-Linked Bond Issues: Is This the Start of a Revival? 


By Carl Gewirtz 

International Herald Tribune 


PARIS — Three issues hardly con- 
stitute a trend. But three new equity- 
linked bond offerings might open the 
way to revive this once-vibrartt sector of 
the international capital market if — as 
many say — growth has been hampered 
by an inability to breach the price gap 
caused by the avarice of investors and 
the stinginess of corporate treasurers. 

Since 1991. the volume outstanding 
of bonds convertible into stock has de- 
clined to S 1 66 billion from S282 billion. 
Private companies accounted for 63 per- 
cent of total annual activity at the start of 
this decade. They now account for 25 
percent. 

Borrowing by commercial users 
simply has not kept pace with the ex- 
plosion in issuance by financial insti- 
tutions and the continuing expansion in 


the supply of paper from governments 
and state agencies. Analysts say the de- 
cline in overall equity-based issuance has 
just about matched the shrinking market 
share of nonfinancial corporate issuers in 
the overall market. In percentage terms, 
the 60 percent decline in the market share 
of nontinandai corporate issues matches 
the reduced role of equity-linked bonds, 
which now account for a mere 7 percent 
of total bond issuance, down from the 
peak of 18 percent in 1989. 

But bankers reject the suggestion that . 
growth in die equity-linked sector has 
slowed only because companies already 
have the cash they need. They note that 
activity is buoyant in the U.S. market, 
which is now as accessible to short- 
notice issuance as the international mar- 
ket always has been and more willing to 
accept aggressive pricing. 

The stumbling block in the interna- 
tional market, some analysts say. is that 


investors have been unwilling to pay 
more than a 20 percent premium over 
current market prices for the option to 
buy a company's shares. That explains 

Investors have been 
unwilling to pay 20% 
more for the option to 
buy a company’s shares. 

the interest in last week's issues, which 
were designed to get investors to accept 
much higher-than-usual conversion 
premiums. 

Daily Mail & General Trust PL C, 
owner of a large block of Reuters PLC 
shares, sold £75 million ($122.6 mil- 
lion) of seven-year notes exchangeable 
into shares in the news agency. The 
notes, which pay interest of 23 percent. 


were sold at a discount so that investors 
paid £794.70 for paper that would be 
worth £1.000 at maturity. Investors will 
have the choice of taking the £1.000 
cash or using die paper to take a fixed 
number of Reuters shares. 

The number of shares fixed at the 
subscription price represented a cash 
value of 16 percent over the current 
share price of 678 pence. At maturity, 
for investors to benefit from choosing 
shares instead of cash, the value of the 
shares will have to have rises by more 
than 46 percent 

The notes offer an annual income of 
more than the 2.1 percent dividend cur- 
rently paid by Reuters. In addition, the 
effective yield to maturity, given the 
implicit capital gain on redemption of 
the notes, is 6 percent, about a per- 
centage point below what investors 
would have earned by investing in Brit- 
ish government bonds, or gilts, of the 


same maturity'. 

A g jtnilar construction was osed by 
Assicurazroni Generali SpA, Italy s 
largest insurance company, to reduce its 
shareholding in the life-insurance com- 
pany Alleanza Assicurazioni. For tax 
reasons, the shares have been trans- 
ferred to Mediobanca SpA, which has 
issued 915 billion lire (S548.1 million) 
of five-year notes, carrying an annual 
coupon of 2 percent, thai are exchange- 
able into Alleanza shares. 

Investors will pay 17.367.200 lire for 
paper with a face 'value of 20 million 
lire. At die offering terms, the shares 
were priced at a premium of 12.7 per- 
cent over the current price. But at ma- 
turity, the s ha re price will have to have 
risen by 30 percent to make- it worth- 
while for bondholders to take die shares 
instead of insisting on cas h repayment. 

If all the bonds are exchanged for 
shares, Generali’s holding would be cut 


to 54 percent from die current 64 per- .. 
cent; and if. as expected, additions^ 
bonds are sold over die coming mon& 
the holding in Alleanza could be re- 
duced to 52 percent. 

. In another transaction, AtmelCorp* a 
Califcrmia-based semiconductor com- 
pany, sold S150 million of five-year 
notes convertible into Atmel stock at - 
S35-50 a share, or 27 percent over the 
current price. " 

Interest is set at 3.25 percent for the 
first three years and then rises to 8.25 
percent. But if die . stock price has risen 
by more than 40 percent from thecoo- 
version price, or to more than $49.70, 
the company can avoid paying the high- 
er coupon and call the issue, effectively 
forcing holders to convert to stock. If the 
stock fails to perform as die company 
expects, noteholders will have earned 
an effective annual yield of 5.2 percent 
over the five years. ' , 



Most Active International Bonds 


7?w 250 mast setfw international bonds traded 
through the Eurodear system for the week end- 
ing May 23. Prices supplied by Telekurs. 


Rnk None 


Cpn Maturity Piles Yield 


Argentine Peso 


196 Argentina 

2 44 Argentina 


8*. 12/13/98 1002578 8.7300 
3238 0401/07 105-25M 3.0700 


Austrian Schilling 


232 Austria 

5^4 

0411/07 

99.0000 

55100 

British Pound 

97 World Bonk 

zero 0717/00 

795000 

75400 

133FHLB 

6*» 

0*07/02 

982500 

71000 

569 Fannie Aloe 

611 

0*07/02 

985657 

6.9800 

152 Bay Hypo Bk 

z era 

121911 

34.1579 

76400 

IBS World Bank 

6.10 031 7/00 

98.0613 

62200 

235 Castte Trans 

9 

03/30/C7 

982500 

9.1600 

Danish Krone 

5 Denmark 

8 

031*06 irfl.6500 

72300 

12 Denmark 

7 

111*07 1035000 

6.7BOO 

18 Denmark 

9 

1115*98 107.0500 

8610 0 

25 Denmark 

9 

1115/00 113J600 

7.9400 

27 Denmark 

8 

111*01 111^000 

7.1800 

37 Denmark 

6 

>210/99 103.84Q0 

5.7800 

41 Denmark 

7 

1215AM 1055300 

66300 

58 Denmark 

8 

0*7*03 II 15500 

7.1500 

40 Denmark 

7 

111*24 

955400 

72000 

66 Denmark 

6 

111*02 103.0500 

55200 

71 Nykredit 3 Cs 

6 

llVDl/26 

892000 

6.7300 

105 Nykredlt Bank 

7 

10/01/26 

962500 

72700 

128 Nykredlf 

7 

1001/29 

942000 

72800 

134 Real Kreoit 

6 

ia'01/26 

892000 

6.7300 

147 Denmark 

6 

02/15/99 1 0321 00 

55100 

172 Denmark 

7 

0815/77 1006500 

6.9500 

227 Denmark 

4 

021*00 

992500 

4.0300 


Rnk Nome 

101 Germany 

102 Germany 

109 Treuhand 

110 Germany 
11 7 Germany 
124 Germany 
126 Germany 
135 Germany 

143 Germany 

144 Treuhand 

145 Germany 

150 Germany 

151 Treutand 

153 Germany 

154 Treuhand 

155 Mexico 
158 Germany 
160KFW 

161 Treuhand 
767 Germany 
174 Germany 
186 Dresdner Fin 
190 Germany 
198 Germany 
205 Germany 
211 Germany 
218 Efcsporffinans 
240 EIB 
248 Germany 
250 Germany 


Cpn Maturity Price Yield Rnk Name 


6 04/20.16 94.9475 65200 

8Vs 08/21/00 1126400 7-5500 
5* 04/29/99 103.9802 *5300 
8 14 07/20/00 11X1800 7.7300 
5% 05/28/99 1019700 15300 
8 09/22/97 101-5000 75800 

5* 08/20198 1017800 54900 
61s 02/20/98 102.1300 6.1200 
65* 07/2098 102.1400 6-4900 
5V& 09/24/98 1027600 5 >1700 
5>A 02/75/99 101.4500 5.1700 
S3* 02/22/99 1036541 52200 

5 12/17/98 102.1900 48900 
7V. 1921/02 1102780 65700 

7 11/25/99 1074768 65100 
8<* 09/10/04 1065000 7.6400 
7Vi 1Q/2Q/97 101-6800 75800 
5Vj 0312X17 96.7000 54900 
6V» 03/26/98 1025200 5.9900 
8M 05/22/00 712.6200 7.7600 

6 02/20/98 101.9700 55800 
SVs 04/30/04 99.4500 55300 
6Vt 02/24/99 105.4400 65200 
(At 06/21/99 106.0200 65700 
8’4 07/21/97 100.7600 8.1900 
&Vi 05/20/98 102.9150 6.1900 
zero 72/77707 802756 4.9300 

6 1022/03 103.9850 5.7700 
6^6 07/20/98 1032300 65100 
5V4 11/2097 100.9800 55000 


121 Holy 
137 World Bank 
139 Spain 
142 World Bank 
185 World Bank 
207 Deutsche Bk 
210 World Bank 
246 Fannie Mae 


Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

V* 06/08/05 1065750 35100 
4V: 03/20/03 112.9232 3.9900 
3.10 09/2Q/D6 1D2.125C 3.0400 
4V« 12/20/04 115.7500 4.1000 
4V4 06/2CW0 109.1250 4.1200 
450 08/2097 895181 4.7900 
4'A 12/22/97 1025500 4.4000 
2 12/2099 101.6250 1.9700 


South African Rand 


204 EBRD 


zero 04/07/27 35667 12-1200 


Spanish Peseta 


193 Spain * 850 04/3006 1165460 75700 

226 Spain 10.10 Q2/2B/01 1155460 8.7400 

233 Spain 1150 01/15/02 1225360 95400 


Swedish Krona* 


38 Sweden 
103 Sweden 
107 Sweden 

115 Sweden 

116 Sweden 1036 
136 Sweden 

146 Sweden 1037 
175 Sweden 


11 01511/99 109.4560 10.0500 
6 02/09/05 955679 65600 
5Vj 04/12/02 975350 5.6400 
6* 1025/06 96.9130 6.7100 
I0»4 05/05/00 1125470 9.0800 
13 06/15/01 1255250 105700 
8 081*07 1075830 7.4700 
10'/. 05/05/03 1185450 B6200 


Dutch Guilder 


U.S. Dollar 


Deutsche Mark 


1 Germany 6 01/04U7 101.0377 5,9400 

3 Germany 6'4 04/26/06 103.1950 6.0600 

4 Germany 4* 11/20/01 1015577 45900 

6 Germany B 01/21/02 11X0975 75700 

7 Germany 6 07/0407 101.0341 5.9400 

9 Germany 3W 03/19/99 100.9355 3.7200 

10 Germany 5 05/21/01 1025384 45700 

11 Germany 67* 0502/05 1095040 65100 

13 Germany 7^8 01/03/05 110.7675 65600 

16 Germany 6'.Y 10/14/05 104.9000 65000 

19 Germany S’* 02/21/01 1025767 5-1000 

21 Germany 5 08/20/01 101.7000 4.9200 

22 Germany 6 01/05/06 1015980 5.9100 

24 Treuhand Th 09/09/04 1115133 67300 

26 Germany 6 021*06 1015733 59100 

28 Germany 01/04/24 94.9471 65800 

30 Treuhand 6Vi 07/09/03 1075675 61900 

31 Germany 8 V, 09/2001 1117350 75500 

32 Germany 8* 00 2001 1155300 75700 

35 Germany 5*i 08/22/00 104.9763 54800 

36 Treuhand 61; 0011/03 1085600 63400 

39 Germany Th 11/11/04 II I55DD 67200 

40 Germany 8 07/22/02 1145605 7.0000 

43'Treuhand 7V« 01/29/03 1095800 65000 

44 Germany 8 : * 02/2001 1135480 74800 

45 Germany 6*4 04/22/03 1075933 62600 

46 Treuhand 6U 05/13/04 1075660 65900 

48 Treuhand 6tt 03/04/04 104.7675 5.9700 

49 Germany 7 01/ 13/00 1075773 6.4900 

50 Germany 9 10/20/00 1145000 75600 

51 Germany 61* 07/1*03 1064800 61000 

52 Treuhand 7U 12/02/02 1105775 65500 

53 Germany 5W 11/21/001025800 5-0000 

54 Germany 7Va 12/20/02 1105660 64400 

55 Treuhand 7* 1(V0M)2 1125100 68900 

59 Germany 81* 12/2000 7145600 75500 

62 Germany 5% 05/15/00 1055509 55800 

63 Treuhand 07/01/99 103 6802 61600 

67 Germany 8Vi 05/21/01 11X7500 75600 

68 Germany 6 09/15/03 1045180 5.7600 

69 Germany 3Vr 09/18/98 100.1247 35000 

73 Treutmnd 6Vi 060*98 1025900 5.9500 

74 Germany 6W 0*15001065588 608 00 

75 Germany 6V* 05/20V9 104.6800 55500 

76 Germany 3W 12/18/90 99.9800 35000 

77 Germany 7 12/22/97 102.1150 68600 

79 Treuhand 616 04/2303 1066120 61000 

80 Treuhand 5 01/14/99 1025800 45900 

81 Germany 6*5 01/02/99 104.4900 62200 

87 Germany 9 01/22/01 115.1525 75200 

88 Germany 6Vk 12/02/98 104.8900 65500 

90 Treuhand 6U 07/29/99 105.1800 5.9400 

91 Germany 6*4 07/15/04 107.4067 62800 

95 Germany 6*4 09 / 15/99 1065300 63400 

96 Treuhand 6 11/12/03 103.7875 5.7800 


23 Netherlands 
33 Netherlands 
72 Netherlands 

85 Netherlands 

86 Netherlands 

92 Netherlands 

93 Netherlands 
99 Netherlands 
108 Netherlands 
113 Netherlands 
118 Netherlands 
120 Netherlands 
125 Netherlands 
148 Netherlands 
156 Netherlands 
165 Netherlands 
168 Netherlands 
171 Netherlands 
176 Netherlands 
191 Netherlands 
195 Netherlands 
197 Netherlands 
199 Netherlands 
203 Netherlands 
216 Ne t herlands 
230 Netherlands 
236 Netherlands 
249 Netherlands 


614 07/15/98 102.9500 60700 
5* 02/15/07 99.7000 5.7700 
7V] 04/15/10 113.0500 66300 
7 03/15/99 1055500 66300 

6 01/15/06 10241500 55800 
8*3 03/1*01 1135500 7.4900 

11/15/05 107.1000 63000 
8'i 02/1*00 110.4500 7.4700 
7i,3 06/15/99 107.1300 7.0000 
9 01/1*01 1145000 7.8400 
VJ 0*07/05 1136000 68200 
7*3 01/1*23 1126500 66900 
zero 07/31/97 99.4205 3-0300 
8*» 0615/02 114.8000 7.1900 
9 07/01/00 1135000 7.9300 
8*i 09/15/01 1156000 75700 
8V: 0601/06 1 19.2000 7.1300 
Vfi 07/7*98 10312000 63000 
» 01/1*04 102.1500 5.6300 

7 06/15415 108.8500 64300 
9 051*00 113^000 7.9500 

09/1*02 1035000 5.5600 

0*01/00 1124000 7.7800 
6’i 1Q/D1/9B 104.0000 64900 
9'4 11/30/00 1155000 66100 
61* 04/1*03 1068000 60900 
7% 10/01/04 1106000 65600 
7*4 01/1*00 109.0000 7.1100 


ECU 


2 Brazil Cap S.L 
8 Argentina par L 

14 Argentina FRN 

15 Brazil L FRN 
17 Venezuela FRN 
20 Argentina 
29 Mexico 
34 Brazil FRN 
42 Brazil par Zi 
47 Brazil 5X FRN 

56 Brazil S IS FRN 

57 Mexico par A 
61 Venezuela par A 

64 Bulgaria FRN 

65 Land Oeffenl Bk 6*4 

70 Mexico par B 614 
78 NTT 6*4 

82 Kyushu Elec T\ 
89 Brazil Cbond 5.L 41% 
94 Ecuador FRN 3'-« 
98 Argentina FRN 6*k 

100 Brazil S.L FRN 
104 Brazil S.L FRN 
l06Braz8 
111 Mexico D FRN 
114 Mexico FRN 
123 Ecuador par 

129 Argentina FRN 

130 Mexico 

131 Russia 

1 32 Mexico B FRN 


4*5 04/1*14 
5*4 03/31/23 
6*4 03/29/05 
6't 04/1*06 
6*5 12/1*07 


80.6872 55800 
69.2260 75800 
903488 7.4700 
907888 75800 
905000 7.1800 


1U* 01/3017 1095686 104000 
I Us 0&1*26 1102519104300 
6'.* 01/01/01 985000 66100 
5*4 041*24 664673 7.9000 
6»u 04/15/12 81.9663 64600 
67* 04/15-24 81-2142 8.4700 
6'« 12/31/19 74.9063 8-3400 
6^ 03/31/20 755625 8.9300 
6«i6 07/2811 674)950 9.7800 
0*21/02 99.9489 6.7500 
12/31/19 745063 8-3400 
05/1*02 1005478 67300 
051*07 1005750 73200 
041*14 819655 53600 
02/28/15 617148 5.1000 
0*31/23 855625 76500 
6<Vi> 041*09 86.1563 83500 
6 <Vh 04.151 2 810964 8.4500 
8V« 11/05/01 1012500 86800 
6.3S2 12/2819 953586 66600 
m 08/0*01 100.6300 7.8300 
3 02/28/25 45.0625 66500 
5703 04/01/01 127.9000 4^4600 
1U* 091516 1086750 10.4500 
914 11/27/01 985000 93900 


Bond Market Does the Fed’s Work 

Rising Yields Are Likely to Slow the Economy Without a Rate Rise 


- 


Bloomberg .Vnre 

NEW YORK — The Federal Re- 
serve Board sent a subtle message by 
deciding to leave the overnight bank 
loan rare unchanged: Bond yields are 
poised to rise. 

Within days of the Federal Open 
Market Committee meeting Tuesday. 
30-year benchmark Treasury bond 
yields rose nine basis points to 6.99 
percent — the highest in about a month. 
They finished Friday at 6.98 percent. 

“Central bankers are using the bond 
market as a tool.” said Gerald Thun- 
elins, a funds manager at Drey fus 
Corp. “We accomplish what the Fed 
sets out to do.” 

Higher bond yields translate into 
higher rales for everything from home 
mortgages to car loans to small-busi- 
ness borrowing. 

By doing and saying nothing after 
its meeting, the Fed signaled that it was 
satisfied that higher borrowing costs 
would eventually slow the G.S. growth 
rate from the first quarter's annual 
pace of 5.6 percent, the fastest in a 
decade. Bond yields have risen 65 
basis points since late November. 

“We don’t need a continuous Fed 
intervention to temper consumer de- 
mand and growth — we have the bond 
market,” said Ned Riley, chief invest- 
ment officer at BankBoston Global As- 
set Management in Boston. 

Concern that the Fed might raise 
rates has pegged yields near 7 percent 
for months, a rate high enough to slow 


growth without the Fed acting at all, he 
said. “The best thing for the Fed to do 
was say nothing and keep people 
guessing,* ’ said Patrick Retzer, a funds 
manager at Heartland Advisors in Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin. 

Fed officials voted to leave the tar- 
get for overnight borrowing between 
banks at 55 percent. The decision fol- 
lowed the first rate increase in more 

U.S. CREDIT 31ARKETS 

than two years March 25. when die 
central bank raised the target for the 
federal funds rate a quarter of a per- 
centage point. The move was a pre- 
emptive strike against inflation, the 
Fed said. 

The action in March also ratified the 
rising Treasury yields of die preceding 
months — a market decline spurred by 
speculation the economy was over- 
heating as reports rolled in showing 
booming consumer spending, manu- 
facturing and jobs growth. 

Now. some investors said the single 
rate increase, coupled with lingering 
concern that Fed officials will still vote 
io raise rates as soon as July, will bring 
growth closer to 25 percent later in die 
year. That is the pace that Fed officials 
apparently now think will not fuel in- 
flation. 

The rise in bond yields so for this 
year already makes borrowing more 
expensive. The average rate on a 30- 
year fixed-rate mortgage climbed 40 


basis points to 7.92 percent, compared 
with 752 percent m late November; 
according to Federal Home Loan. 
Mortgage Corp. 

Credit-card rates also rose in the*.- 
period. to 15.76 percent from 15.67*-, 
percent, according to BanxQuote Inc^. 
a financial-information provider. . . -v 
4 ‘The bond market has already .dane. T 
the heavy lifting, and we now just have 
to sit back and watch” the economy 
slow, said Scott Grarmis, a funds man-, 
ager at Western Asset Management fo-, 
Pasadena. California. ,? 

“Yields have been rising for six-; 
months, and every time that has 
happened in the past, we have seen a.: 
slowdown,” Mr. Giannis said. . 

Early signs of a slowdown may..- 
afready be apparent. The government' . 
reported that retail sales fell in April..; 
the first monthly decline this year. - 
The Fed may not be finished raising:, 
rates, some investors say. They cite- 
soaring consumer confidence and an # 
unemployment rate of just 4.9 percent • 
last month, the lowest in 23 years. Thar 
could lead to a surge in spending andc 
an acceleration of inflation — whiefar, 
erodes bonds’ fixed payments. 

“' What's critical to me is than- 
people's attitude — the willingness to ’ 
buy — in consumer surveys is, 
strong.” said Brian Richard, director; 
of economics and forecasting for Fed-/ 
crated Department Stores Ltd. “We-, 
don’t see a lor of tilings that say it, 
should slow down a lot.” 


0ssing Is m*y . 

.. *- w'- 

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the 

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ifcia: w- '-•••■ ™-^zsatic«iH 
ar.jx::.:’ - / ' by G'fflMqpfl 

fi:"-— 4 - -* ^-iil i 




83 France OAT 

84 France OAT 
119 France OAT 
122 France OAT 
127 Britain T-bOts 

1 78 France B.T AN. 
184 France BTAN 
200 Britain 
219 France OAT 
231 Britain T-noie 
239 EIB 
247 Britain 


516 04/2*07 955000 5.7600 
7 04/25/06 1068000 65500 
Tfi 04/25/05 110.4000 67900 
6 04/25/04 102.0500 5.8800 
zero 0814/97 99.1288 18800 
6 031*01 103.8200 5-7800 
5 031*99 101.1900 4.9400 
9Vfa 02/21/01 1161500 75600 
8V2 031*02 1133400 75000 
5 01/26/99 101.1356 4.9400 
10 01/2401 1762000 BMOO 
4 01/2*00 985517 4.0600 


6836 12/3119 92.9435 7^600 

138 France Telecom zero 06/19/97 98.9983135100 

140IADB 6>t 03/07/07 98.0000 6J600 

141 Bulgaria FRN 69a 07/28«4 676563 9J000 

157Rnlond T*t 07/2*04 105.9437 76300 

159 Venezuela par B 6^ 03/31/20 756875 69200 


Finnish Markka 


173 Finland 11 011*99 1113985 93700 

206 Finland 916 031*04 1208756 7.8600 

208 Finland 10 091*01 1200822 83300 

245 Finland 7*4 041*06 1076956 67400 


French Franc 


179FroneeOAT TA 04/2*061113500 65200 

181 France OAT 6to t<W*03 1086000 62200 

192 France B.T.F. zero 081 4/97 986422 6.0500 
194 EIB FRN 3.191 031 2AK 976752 33700 
209 France B.T-A.N. 4W U312TO2 99.9800 4.7500 


Italian Lira 


183 Deutsche Bk Fin zero 01/20/32 7.0000 7.9700 


Japanese Yen 


112 World Bonk 


5W 03/2CW2 1153750 45500 


162 Italy FRN 

163 EIB 

164 QedfT Local • 

166 Bulgaria 

169 Britain FRN 

170 Potent) FRN 
177 Mexico A FRN 
180 Argentina 
182 Canada FRN 
187 Kellogg 
189 Bco Com Ext. 

201 Holy 

202 Ecuador FRN 

21 2 World Bank 

21 3 Coalmen FRN 

214 Huaneag Pwr 

21 5 Utd Microelec. 

217 Philippines Fix 

220 Tokyo Elec Pwr 

221 Mexico C FRN 

222 CADES 

223 Peru 

224 Italy 

225 Mexico 

228 de Banc FRN 

229 Argentina frn 
234Potend inter 

237 BGB Fin Ireland 

238 Ontario 6 

241 Nigeria 

242 Caterpillar intt 

243 Chose M FRN 


5.719 0512/02 
zero 11/0*26 

6</i 021*04 
21k 07/2812 
5Yts 1004/01 
6% 1 027/24 
6867 12/3119 


99.7800 5.7300 
125000 73100 
975000 66700 
496263 45300 
99-8181 55700 
98.1634 7.0700 
911563 76500 


P* 12/2003 1003217 83600 
5V» 021*99 997700 55800 
6* 01/29/04 98.8750 67000 
7V, 02/02/04 910000 75800 
7 0918/01 1008750 69400 
02/2*25 685750 93500 
6H 0*21/06 983750 67300 
5.73 01/29/01 993226 5.7700 
1% 05/21/04 1005840 1.7400 
035 0*1*04 1006160 03500 
B* 1*0716 1003272 87300 
7 021 3/07 100.0016 7.0000 
682 12/3119 91 5669 73700 
6V1 0311/02 98.7313 65800 
4 0*0717 62.1250 64400 
6% 09/27/23 915750 76800 
9t\ 011*07 105.9846 93200 
5W* 0*0101 99.7300 55300 
5.703 09/01/021155500 4.9300 
4 1*2714 835313 4.7900 

12/3*99 99.8750 66300 
02/21/06 918750 64600 
6 1 * 111*20 65.1875 95900 
zero 06/20/97 98.9827 131500 
5.89 0*21/02 995000 5.9000 


The Week Ahead; World Economic Calendar, May 26-30 

A schedule at tfifa weak 's ooanamle and financial events, compiled tor the MemaHona/ Htm/d Trintno by Btoombetg Bustnoss News. 


Expected 
This Week 


Asia-Pacific 

Canberra: Industry Commission de- 
livers its final report on the auto- 
motive industry. 


Europe 

Madrid: January trade balance and 
current accounts. 

Parts: Organization of Economic Co- 
operation and Development* s annu- 
al meeting Monday and Tuesday. 


Americas 

Toronto: Financial Markets Asso- 
ciation sponsors conference on for- 
eign exchange. Thursday through 
Saturday. 


Monday Hong Kong: Deson Development 

May 26 International Holdings Ltd. an- 

nounces details of its initial public 
offering listing. 

Tokyo: Vehicle-production data 
from the Japan Automobile Manu- 
facturers Association for April. 


Britain: Spring bank holiday: banks 
and financial markets dosed. 


New York: Financial markets and 
banks dosed for Memorial Day. 


Tuesday Sydney: Coopers & Lybrand holds 
May 27 a briefing on the budget with focus 
on finandaJ services. 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan publishes ac- 
counts. 


Oslo: March current-account trade 
figures. 

Paris: Government begins selling 
shares in France Telecom. 


Mexico City: Statistical institute re- 
leases March manufacturing output; 
central bank releases data on for- 
eign reserves. 

New York: LJR Red book Research 
service releases weekly survey of 
retail sales. 


Wednesday Tokyo: Bank of Japan Governor 
Mav 28 1 Yasuo Matsushita and Finance Min- 

y ister Hiroshi Milsuzuka hold regular 

news conferences. 


Bonn: Trade figures for March. 
Frankfurt: Bundesbank policy-mak- 
ing council meets. No news con- 
ference is planned. An interest-rate 
announcement is expected between 
noon and 1:30 p.M. 


Arlington, Virginia: American Gas 
Assodation releases weekly U.S. 
natural gas inventory report 
Ottawa: Statistics Canada reports 
April industrial products price index 
and April raw materials price index. 


a 





■ 1 


. ■ ■ 



Compiled by Laurence DesviJettes 




", 

Issuer 

Amount 
[m3 Bans) 

Mat. 

Coup. 

% Price 

Price 

end 

week 

Twms 

Floating Rate Notes 

Moncon BVF 

SI 00 

2002 

1V5 

100.00 


Over 6«anni Ubor. Reoftered at 99W. Private piacecnent rodeemabla at parln 2000 aqd 2001. 
Fees 0.755b. (Deutedte Morgan GrenteX) 

Pakistan 

S300 

2000 

3.95 

99.90 

— 

Over 6-month Ubar. NancaPahte. Fees 0.75%. ETenonrinotfans S1GOOO. (ANZ Investment) * 

RIBS 

£100 

2004 

008 

99.99 

“ 

Over 3-month Ubor. Nancafabte. Fees 0^0%. DenomlnaHans £100600. (Deutsche Morgan « 
GrenML] 

RIBS 

FR500 

2002 

0.08 

100'l6 

— 

Over3-monih Ptoor. NonadtaUe. Fees 0.15%. lOwm Commodal de FrancaJ ‘ ’ 

Eridania Beghfn-Say 

ITL350000 

2004 

W 

100.10 

— 

Over 3-month Ubor. NoneoHable. Fees 045% (CrMto Itokpna} 

Fixed-Coupons 






.f 

Arises Produtos ACmentidos 

S750 

2005 

1016 

99297 

— 

Redeemob(eiir99te in 2002. Fees 1U% (Goldman Sachs Inti) 

Deutsche ShifEsbank 

SI 00 

2001 

6 

100W 


interest win be 6% until 1999, when issue is cofloOie at par, thereafter 8%. Fees not dbdosod.ik 

(Commerzbank.) 

DGS Inrr Rnartce 

S225 

2007 

10 

99.438 

— 

Coltableot porta 2002. Fees 2% (Bonkers Trust Imt) - 

DSL Bank 

$250 

1999 

6V, 

100.789 

99.77 

Reottered at 99.789. Noncolloble. Fees 1 Va% (Commerzbank.) 

Industries Metdurglcos 
Pescarmona 

SI 50 

2002 

. 9Vi 

99512 


SemtannuaBy. Noncoftabte- Fees 1 %. (Bear Steams IntU 

Jasmine Submarine 
Telecommunications 

$180 

2011 

8683 

100.00 


Noncnltabls. Fees V*. (Credit Stdsse First Boston.] 

LB Rheinland- PftHz 

SI 00 

2001 

6% 

10162 

— 

Reoffered at 10062. NoncoUoble. Fees lMOL (Banque Generate du Ltnembourgj 

Nafinsa 

SI 50 

2000 

8 

100.12 

— 

NoncoOabie. Fees 0375%. (SBC Wortrontf ^ 

Rabobank Nederland 

$250 

2000 

641 

100.9475 99.61 

Reoffered at 9976. Noncol table. Fees 1 Wte. (Nlkko Europe.) 

Southern Peru Copper 

S150 

2007 

7.90 

10010 


Monthly. Sinking fund to start m 2U0CL Fees rwt ovoUpbte. Denomtaottons *250600. (Credit 

Suisse First BasteO 

Impress Metal Packaging 

DM200 

2007 

9Vb 

100.00 

10258 

Semtawuony. CaSaUe at 104.9375 in 3002 Fees 3V (Sotarnrai Brother* InrL) 

Credit Suisse First Boston 

FF750 

perpt 

6V1 

99.62 


Interest will be 616% untd 2007, when Issue is callable at par, thereafter 1.70 over 3-month Pifior. 
Fees 0.75%. (Credit Suisse First BostonJ ■ ' 

European Investment Bank 

F FI ,000 

2007 

5.105 

9964 

9820 

bitaSaf wO be 5.105% until 200!. when issue (s cnffrtjte erf par, thereafter 670%. Fees(L325%. 
(Sadete Generate.! 

European Investment Bank 

FF500 

2012 

5.955 

100.00 

~~ 

taterear be S7SS% unm 2007, when Issue is eoootae at pqr, mersofter7W%. (%es 01329%, 

Denominaltons T0O000 francs. (Sodete Generate.) ' . 

Wolters Kluwer 

DF500 

2007 

6V, 

101.43 

9925 

Reoffered at 9973. Noncoltabte. Fees 2%. (Rabobank Inti) 

Bayerfache Verelrtsbank 

ITL300000 

2002 

6 Vb 

101525 

99.60 

Monaflabte. Fees (Credtio ttoltanoi) 

Inti Finance Carp- 

spiaooo 

2001 


100.00 


lSMespBttnta6nandtes,puylntt4jok)4te%. Redemption omounT at matuffly wfflbeankeaio 
the pertaRnonee of the ibor-35 index. Ate taduded Isa l7WBon pesetas paring 578% raitf-. 
redeemoMeat par. Nancaliabie. Fees aio%. (Banco Saitanderde NepodosJ 

Inti Finance Corp- 

SP1 0,200 

2002 


100.00 


iJfta J^-.Rwtemptton 0 mount at maturity wm be tinted" 

ta the perftmmnce of the S*P 500 Index. NoncaHoble. Fees 0.10%. (Bancs Santander de 

Nfi^OOCSj 

Credit Local de France 

ECU100 

2003 

54k 

101.60 

99.16 

NrmasUabte. Fees 1%%. (Banaue Intie a Luxembourg.) 

Equity-Linked 






ite 

Atmel 

SI 50 

2002 

TV, 

100.00 



British Land 

£300 

2007 

6V, 

100.00 



Mediobanca Inti 

ITL915100 

2002 

2 

86636 


HonouXobtoComerllLte into ABeatna Asslcwiazfani shares ol 1&2S0 tee per sham, a ! 274% ' 

premtam. Fees not avouobfe Denominations 20 million lire. (M^Dobcn^T V 


Last Week's Markets 

Euromarts 

Stock Indexes 

Money Rates 



Eurobond Yields WeekhrSal*. ' — « 


wbirscap* tl! 



i-'-' — \nvont 

O : Next 

:r - r : c:r tilff IfS- 

fcs- !**» 

« -**» 
at to 

ani 


wr* 9*m 


-rr 1 - 

^ £.c’ - A ^»»- 

-yiC- W1 ^ 


Thursday 
May 29 


Bangkok: Bank of Thailand an- 
nounces monthly trade, investment 
and money-market figures. 

Hong Kong: Beijing Enterpnses 
lists on the Stock Exchange of Hong 
Kong. 


London: National Office of Statis- 
tics releases trade figures for 
March. 


Ottawa: March employment, earn- 
ings and hours and March employ- 
ment insurance. 

Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports initial weekly state unemploy- 
ment insurance claims. 


Friday 
May 30 


Tokyo: Management and Coordina- 
tion Agency releases its consumer 
price index for Tokyo in May. 


Dublin: Final figures for retail sales 
in February and provisional figures 
for March. 

Parts: Insee releases foreign-trade 
figures for March and unemploy- 
ment figures for April. 


Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of 
Michigan releases its index of con- 
sumer sentiment for May. 
Washington: Commerce Depart- 
ment reports its revised estimate of 
economic growth for the first quar- 
ter. 


UlUMdSMtW 
DJ Indus. 
DJUta. 

DJ Trans. 

S4P10Q 

S&P50Q 

S 6 P Inti 

NYSECp 

Nwdnqcp 

■kroon 

MM 225 

B4Mn 

FT S El 00 

Co no do 

TSE Indus. 

Frawg 

CAC40 

GgBBB 

DAX 

Hong Kong 
Hons seng 
Wortd 

ms5p 


May 23 
7,345.91 
22056 
269X37 
B31J5 
84763 
99965 
44028 
1.389.72 


May 16 %Oi'ae 
7,19447 +2.10 

221.94 —062 


262463 
81266 
829 JS 
97750 
43264 
134074 


+262 

*139 

:iS 


United State 
utseoumraS 
Prtmeiate 
Federal hinds rate 


Japan 

Discount 


2000960 2032433 -155 

466160 4693.90 -068 

662150 654760 +2JB 


2.76190 178428 
160119 160455 


.0.77 


■067 


1433166 1406237 +1.92 


CoU money 
3-manth Interbank 

Britain 

Bonk: base rale 
Call manor 
3-rwnlti Interbank 
France 

inre rrenson rate 
CaR money 
3-month Intebank 


Co* money 
3-momti Hsitoth 


May 23 
5 JX 3 
8I« 
5S-» 


050 

0*3 

053 


6Vi 

6 '.. 

6IV, 


110 

TV, 


450 

105 

330 


Ma y 16 

8W 

5>» 


(LSD 

(L36 

054 


6V« 

6 VH 

tA> 

3.10 

»4 

TV, 


450 

113 

350 


Mays Mmrll Vr Mgt Yr tar Prin ” nf 


U5. S. mdm term 

U5. S, Short term 

Pounds sieiflna 

Fmefiftaacs 

nothin Bre 

Danish krenBr 

Swedlshkronor 

ECUl long lent) 

ECUs, mdm term 

CoclS 

Aws.S 

Nil 

Vfe, 


751 

660 

441 

733 

503 

759 

561 

566 

423 

557 

658 

758 

747 

246 


748 

659 

659 

752 

541 

7.09 

564 

551 

6-32 

554 

652 

748 

745 

1.96 


748 

643 

650 
755 
543 
75B 
5.92 
541 
46 2 
567 

651 
74 

8J9 

249 


653 

410 

5.96 

749 

446 

498 

558 

482 

556 

476 

5.70 

7.11 

7.19 

144 


Strolghts 

Convert. 

FRNs 

ECP 

Total 


3324 


4074 5894 


Savnx: Luxembourg stock ejeettango. 

Libra- Rates 


eater. 

835 
41 
5675 

4910.9 44995 116915 962].. 

9569.9 96349 14Z714 llS#5 

Secondary Marhet 

CNMBk BancMor 

5 TlllIlT S Hatf 
14179.1 743056 347241 
Convert- 909.8 65 5J5 3,519.1 1JB3 

FRNs 147125 76205 515(29.] 43647 
IS-IS" 7 1i499 - 3 217174 
Total 526596 37,953,915*3714 65.927 
Source: Eurodear. Cadet Bank. 


89477 89941 -025 


Go/if 


May 23 Stay T6%Ch‘ge 
London pjilAlS 34255 344J0 -057 

World MOt from Afarpon Stonier Qjpftri Inti flerapeeftre. 


US.S 

Deutsche mailt 
Pound stersng 


5V, 

3ta 

6^6 


m 

3!* 

6to 


Soutas-Uards Bonk. Reuters. 


4V* 

TV. 

6Wk 


French franc 

IS 1 


39ta 

4M 

4 


3^1 

4M 

16 




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^v. ■ !> 

■■ ■ t» ■ • 


AIR CANADA 

A Breath op Fresh Air 


^Cold Issue: 
Confusion 

a- 

In Germany 

Waigel Defends Plan, 
Butlssingk Way 

" ' CaxptinS by Out Sufi From Dupactn 

»Wr J n " nee Minister Theo 
^Waigel defended his plan to revalue the 
Bundesbank’s gold and foreign-ex- 
change reserves but said it would not be 
jjecessary to help Bonn qualify for 
Europe s single currency. 

; Meanwhile, the Bundesbank’s chief 
.economist, Oonar Issing, said countries 
‘that used speaal aceounting measures to 
Ma ? slI ’ c ^ ,: Treaty’s criteria for 
■nsmetaiy union should not be admitted. 

In an interview with the weekly 
magaane Der Spiegel, Mr. Waigel said 
revaluing the reserves would be an 1 *ab- 
-Solotely legitimate and economically 
. move, fiut at a meeting Saturday 
.with the Austrian and Swiss finance 
; ministers, be appeared to contradict 
.what he had told the magazine by em- 
■phas'izing that he was confident of meet- 
ing the budget-deficit target for joining 
.the single currency without using the 
revaluation. 

; Mr. Issing 's comments were part of 
■an interview with the newspaper Frank- 
furter Allgemeine Zeitung in which he 
■called for an early decision on fixing 
’exchange rates for countries joining 
.monetary union. 

■ He said rates should be pegged when a 
’decision was made early next year on 
■which countries would will form the new 
Monetary order’s starting lineup in 1999. 
He said that doing so would create a “cer- 
tainty of expectations in the markets.” 

By marking gold and. foreign-ex- 
change reserves up to their market val- 
ares, Bonn could make it easier to cut its 
^febt and trim the budget deficit to help it 
qualify tins year for monetary union. 
The idea has led to accusations of “cre- 
ative accounting” by Germany’s Euro- 
pean partners. 

The revaluation would in theory cre- 
ate a windfall profit for die Bundesbank 
that under a 1993 law would have to be 
transferred into a fond created to reduce 
debts arising from German unifica ti on 
Mr. Waigel reiterated dial the revalu- 
ation would not lead to die sale of Ger- 
many's gold reserves. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg ) 





? yi^\££> 


Hcralh^^feiSribunc. 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 


MONO AX, MAY 26, 1997 


German Union 
Pushes a Limit 

IG Metall Seeks 32-Hour Week 

By John Schmid 

Inlemaitarul Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — German workers, who already put in 
fewer hours on average than full-time employees in roost of 
the industrial world, again were leading the movement to 
cut back working time when international metalworker 
trade unionists convened Sunday in the United States. 

Although labor unions throughout Europe and the rest of 
the world support the principle of fewer working hours, as 
the San Francisco convention of the 92-nation International 
Metalworkers Federation is expected to demonstrate, none 
of them is pushing the idea as aggressively or as far as IG 
Metall, Germany’s biggest union. 

IG Metall 's attempt to shorten the week for its 3 million 
members to 32 hours from 33 has revived fears that German 
unions are a threat to industrial restructuring when German 
companies are moving jobs abroad, whether to cut costs or 
for other reasons. 

Even other German unions are wondering whether IG 
Metall, which has been fighting for shorter hours since 
1936, is about to go too far. 

The prospect of a shorter work week frightens away 
foreign manufacturers and investors, the German Industry 
Federation has warned. IG Metall has vowed to press its 
demands next year when bargaining begins for the 1999 
contract. 

'Hie shorter week. German industry trade groups com- 
plain, will only add more regulation to an overregulated 
labor market, increase the cost of labor m a high-wage 
nation and price Germany out of global markets. 

Klaus Zwickel, IG Metall ’s president, argues that shorter 
hours, are the best way for the union to help tackle Germany's 
near-record unemployment By cutting hours, die existing 
amount of work will be spread to more workers, he said. 

But although he acknowledges that his plan will raise 
labor costs for companies, IG Metall argues it would be 
unfair to ask members to take a pay cut commensurate with 
the number of hours lopped off. 

“Of course the 35-hour week cost money, and of course 
the 32-hour week will cost money too,” Mr. Z wicket's 
spokesman, Joerg Barczynski, said. 

The union's stance seems out of step with other or- 
ganized-labor movements. That includes those in Ger- 
many, where other unions have distanced themselves from 
die metalworkers. Dieter Schulte, chairman of the German 
Federation of Labor, said many workers now were being 
asked to work more hours, not fewer. The chemicals 
workers vowed not even to try for a shorter week. 

Even within IG Metall, not everyone is ready for a 
shorter week, Mr. Barczynski concedes. 

“I do not know of anything equivalent to what IG Metall 
is demanding,” said Alexandra Schoenaich-Carolath, head 
of the Brussds office of die German Employers Association. 
She conducts annual comparative studies of working hours 
and labor regulations among the industrial nations. 


V\ 



Miduri PtnWBrntrn 

A German steelworker listening to union speeches. 

If anything, the European trend is toward more flexible 
arrangements that allow workers to stay on longer when 
oitiers are heavy, she said. Unions in Eastern Germany 
agreed last week to loosen die terms of national contracts to 
allow individual companies more leeway if it would help 
them compete. 

“No other major industrial nation has gone this route,” 
Hans-Olaf Henkel, president of the German Industry Fed- 
eration, said of the 32-hour week. “IG Metall is ignoring 
the laws of simple economics.” 

Unions in France, Switzerland and Sweden also support 
a shorter weak week, but in each case the current con- 
tractual week for metalworkers is 40 hours or more. 

Outside Europe, unions in Brazil, Malaysia and South 
Korea want shorter work schedules but for reasons that 
have nothing to do with job Security. In South Korea, where 
shipbuilders work 49 hours a week, unions seek a quality- 
of-life improvement, said Ann-Marie Mureau. director of 
research at the International Metalworkers Federation, a 
Geneva-based union group that sponsored the convention. 

France’s Socialist Party, seeking solutions to persistent 
unemployment, has launched a discussion on a proposed 
reduction to 35 hours a week from 39. But analysts in Paris 
expect it to take a long time to phase in such a change after 
a stinging rebuke from industry in 1982. 

Even die Germans see themselves marching alone. 
“None of die other European unions right now are willing 
to fight for it,” said a member of IG. Metall's 51-member 
delegation to the International Metalworkers Federation 
convention. 


PAGE 13 



Dai-Ichi Faces Charges 
In Scandal, Reports Say 

Some Say Tokyo Is Covering Up for Itself 


Coafdei h 1 tlw Stuff Fma Dip* ■fen 

TOKYO — The Finance Ministry is 
preparing to take unprecedented crim- 
inal action against a leading bank over a 
loan scandal, in a move seen by some as 
an attempt to draw a veil over its own 
negligence, reports said Sunday. 

The ministry is expected to file a 
criminal complaint soon against Dai- 
Ichi Kangyo Bank Ltd., accusing it of 
preventing questionable credits to a cor- 
porate extortionist from being exposed 
as bad loans, press reports said. 

Executives of Dai-Ichi Kangyo and 
Nomura Securities Co., including Set- 
suya Tabu chi, the former Nomura pres- 
ident, are to be summoned before an 
panel of the upper house of Parliament on 
Wednesday. Executives from the two 
financial institutions may have to appear 
before a lower house committee as well. 

Dai-Ichi admitted last week that it 
had forged records and made additional 
loans to conceal the bad loans when 
finance authorities inspected its activ- 
ities in 1990 and 1994. 

Prime Minister Ryu taro Hashimoto 
said Sunday that he backed the idea of 
imposing penalties for falsification of 
bank reports. 

“If the present criminal penalties are 
too light to serve as a deterrent, we only 
have to make them heavier,” be said. 

The Nihon Keizai Shimbun reported 
that the ministry planned to sharply in- 
crease fines on banks that gave false 
business reports or that disrupted of- 
ficial checks by several times. Tbe cur- 
rent maximum fine is 500,000 yen 
($4300). 

Dai-Ichi Kangyo and an affiliate are 
accused of lending 30 billion yen to a 
reputed corporate extortionist and his 
brother in 1989. 

The pair allegedly used tbe funds to 
buy shares in Nomura Securities Co., 
from which they then extorted payoffs 
in exchange for not raising embairass- 
ingquestions at shareholder meetings. 

The complaint is to be lodged with 
the Tokyo Public Prosecutors Office 
once the ministry is sure that the alleged 
Dai-Ichi Kangyo cover-up operation vi- 
olated the banking law that prohibited 
bankers from disrupting official checks, 
the reports said. 

It would be tire first time the ministry 
had filed a criminal complaint against a 


bank. The Mainichi Shimbun commen- 
ted Sunday that the complaint was prob- 
ably “tbe first move aimed at averting 
criticism from the ministry's possible 
collusion with banks." 

The newspaper said the ministry had 
failed to prevent the bank's misconduct 
at the height of Mr. Hashimoto's much- 
touted drive for deregulation and re- 
form. Ultimately, Mainichi said, tire Fi- 
nance Ministry faced a possible break- 
up over recent corruption scandals im- 
plicating its senior bureaucrats. 

The daily Asahj Shimbun took the 
minisuy to task for failing to prevent a 
series of scandals involving b anks and 
securities companies. 

In one. Daiwa Bank was expelled 
from the United States after it tried to 
cover up a S 1 . 1 billion bond trading loss 
at its New York office in 1995. 

The ministry's policy of protecting 
the banking industry with a plethora of 
regulations has “brought enormous 
profits to big banks but made managers 
less scrupulous.” it said. 

Asahi also charged that tire ministry 
had yet to assume responsibility for the 
overheated “bubble economy” invest- 
ment boom in the late 1980s and the 
subsequent collapse of financial insti- 
tutions burdened with bad loans. 

Dai-Ichi Kangyo decided Friday to 
replace its president and chairman as a 
show of remorse for the loan scandal, 
three days after police raided its 
headquarters in Tokyo. 

Police earlier arrested three Nomura 
executives for violating the commercial 
code that bans corporate cash rewards to 
extortionists, known as sokaiya. 

The traditional practice in Japanese 
corporate scandals is for company 
chairmen and presidents to resign ana 
assume new roles as advisers. 

But Mr. Hashimoto on Saturday 
warned that the resignations were not 
the end of die story. 

“The traditional Japanese practice of 
canceling out the whole affair by such a 
resignation is not compatible with die 
common sense of the world,” he said. 

The scandals have dealt a big blow to 
Nomura's business and are proving em- 
barrassing to Dai-Ichi Kangyo. They 
also have Japanese businesses worried 
about further damage to their image 
abroad. (AFP. Reuters) 



The Key to the Next Big Application: What Do Internet Users Actually Want? 


By Paul Floren 

International Herald Tribune 


P ARIS — Anyone 
looking for tbe Next 
Big Thin g on the In- 
ternet should look at 
electronic commerce — sales 
of products from flowers to 
cars, financial services and 
bushiess-to-business ser- 
vices. 

to. This sector has grown to a 
-$10 billion annual business, 
according to W il l i am 
Blue Stein, an analyst at For- 
rester Research Inc., who es- 
timates that it will be worth 
nearly $200 billion in 2000. 


*mt: « imf’- v- *-* 


*' r " 


Jeff Meets, president of tbe 
market researcher Interna- 
tional Data Group, backs that 
estimate up. “Gnrently, mar- 
keters claim that 8 percent of 
their sales are going through 
tbe Internet and tbit by foe 
year 2000 they will be doing 
20 percent,” be says. 

If you lcxdc at companies 
such as Dell Computer Corp., 
which has daily sales of 
nearly $1 million over the In- 
ternet, that might seem like a 
conservative estimate. 

Besides creating opportu- 
nities for savvy marketers, foe 
Internet is ripe for what die 
industry terms a “killer ap- 


plication,” or a computer 
program that sets the standard 
— as Microsoft Corp.'s DOS 
operating system did in the 
1980s and Microsoft Win- 
dows did in the 1990s. 

The next killer application, 
analysts say, will probably be 
some kind of personalized 
search tool that would help 
users sift Through the mass of 
information on tbe Net and 
store things that might be of 
interest to (hem. 

Here is bow it would woric 
Whenever a user logged on, 
the product would follow his 
Or her on-line movements, re- 
cording interests and needs'. 


This information could then 
be used by the Internet service 
provider to customize the ser- 
vice and establish a continu- 
ous search — even while tbe 
user is asleep. 

One of the companies 
working on this type of ser- 
vice is Autonomy Inc. Its 
product, called Agentware i3, 
promises to provide true per- 
sonalization of information 
delivery over the Internet 

Autonomy says its {noduct 
allows foe Internet service 
provider to understand the in- 
terests of its customers and 
deliver information to them 
personally. Agentware i3 


takes into account the mate- 
rial that a user ea% up and 
suggests other topics that may 
be of interest to the user. 

Content providers there- 
fore no longer need rely on 
expensive and inefficient in- 
dexing or manual ta gging in- 
stead, foe software automat- 
ically “reads" a user's 
requests and tries to build an 
“understanding’’ of key con- 
cepts in each article, when 
the Internet user logs on, new 
information would be auto- 
matically categorized for 
speedy presentation and re- 


PLC launched LineOne, an 
Internet service provider with 
Autonomy's software as its 
backbone. Andrew Burke, 
chief executive of LineOne. 
said Autonomy’s technology 
was unique. 

“No other company in tbe 
world brings such a high level 


of intelligence to on-line in- 
formation delivery,” he said. 

On the surface, it would 
appear that Autonomy is 
competing with so-called 
push technology, which also 
customizes content depend- 
ing on a user's interests. But 
push technology, which is of- 


ten perceived as tbe jnnk mail 
of the Internet, is more limited 
in the scope of its searches: It 
does not have the ability to 
filter and choose information, 
and it often ends up sending 
too much too often. 

Internet address: 

CyberScape@iht.com. 


Hichael 

Schumacher's Choice 


In March, British Telecom 






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GM Strikers Voting on Labor Pact 


- DETROIT — Workers at 
General Motors Corp. s 
’Oklahoma City plant were to 

H I... — nn a lllUOmWI t 


1999 after a 62-hour continu- 
ous bargaining session. 

Tbe union bad been seek- 

ins 800 additional new hires 
1 


Oklahoma City plant 

vote Sunday on an Oldsmobile Cutlass 

msettieaseven-w^ks^te, ^ ^ 

...inn cairf Sunday. 3,500 workers. 


paoy <uiu uiv - 

Workers union said Sunday. 

A GM spokesman, James 
“Fanner, said the agreement was 
readied Saturday night,™ 
bargainers from UAW Local 


3,500 workers. 

William O’Neill, another 
GM spokesman, declined to 
comment on the agreement. 
Mr. O’Neill said, however. 


CURRENCY RATES 


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that it will have no impact on 
a monthlong strike by 5,400 
UAW workers at a Pontiac, 
Michigan, factory that makes 
pickups — GwTs largest- 
selling vehicle! 

Steve Featherston, presi- 
dent of UAW Local 1999 at 
the plant, told The Associated 
Press that the settlement was 
“outstanding,” but did not 
provide other details. He was 
not immediately available for 
further comment. 

Talks at the Pontiac factory 
also focus on staffing levels, 
for die current and future gen- 
erations of GM pickups. 
Talks intensified at week’s 
end. leading to some opti- 
mism for the first time in 
weeks, but then slowed again. 
UAW officials said. 

On May 15, GM said the 
two strikes had cost the com- 
pany $225 million, or 31 
cents a share. 

GM, the largest automaker 
in the United States, said tbe 

estimated costs do not include 

recoveries from increased 
production in foe future. The 
Detroit-based company said 
in a 10Q filing with foe .Se- 
curities and Exchange Com- 
mission that such recoveries 
* ‘may be substantial. ' 

Separately, about ww 
workers of the International 
Union of Electronic Workers 
in Warren. Ohio, approved a 
new contract Saturday by a 79 
percent margin. Members of. 
IUE Local 717 had staged a 
one-day strike earlier this 
month that could have dis- 
rupted GM's North American 

vehicle production. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 


| O R O U P{ . 

Sod£t£ Anonyms 

Registered Office: Luxembourg - 2, Boulevard Royal 
R.C. Luxembourg B-6734 

Our Shareholders are invited to attend on 
Wednesday, June 4, 1997 at 11.00 ajn. in Luxembourg 
at 69, route d'Esch, the 

Annual Shareholders 1 General Meeting 
with the following agenda: 

1. Directors' Reports. 

2. Auditors' Reports. 

3. Approval of foe Consolidated and Parent Only Financial 
Statements for the year ended December 31, 1996. 

4. Appropriation of 1996 net income of the parent 
company. 

5. Discharge of Directors and Auditors. 

6. Directors' and Auditors' fees for 1996. 

7. Election of foe members of the Board of Directors 

8. Authorization to foe Board of Directors to repurchase 
Company's shares. 

In order to be able to attend the ordinary general meeting, 
holders of bearer shares will have to deposit their bearer 
shares five dear days before the date of the meeting at the 
Registered Office of foe company or with one of the following 
banks: 

- In Luxembourg: Banque Internationale & Luxembourg; 

- in Italy: All the leading banks; 

- in Switzerland: Credit Suisse, Banca Commerciale Italian's; 

- in France: Lazard Freres & Cle.; 

- In the Federal Republic of Germany: Commerzbank; 

- In Great Britain: SBG Warburg, Lazard Brothers and Co.; 

- in the Netherlands: ABN-AMRO Bank; 

- in Belgium: Banque Bruxelles Lambert 

Every shareholder may be represented at the shareholders' 
meetings by a proxy, who need not himself (herself) be a 
shareholder. 

Shareholders may, on and after May 26, 1997, inspect at 
Banque Internationale a Luxembourg, 69 route d'Esch, foe 
reports of the Board of Directors, the annual financial 
statements and the text of foe proposed resolutions. 

THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS 



Sprnhnutw Automatic 
Day-Date, AAA/PM. 

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Bribery Pact 
Is Ready for 
*0ECD Vote 

Payoffs far Contracts 
Jfbuld Be Forbidden 


By David E. Sanger 

■Vnv fort Times Service 

' ; WASHINGTON — The Oiganiza- 
tion for Economic Cooperation and De- 
velopment was to ratify Monday an 
agreement by the world's largest in- 
dustrialized nations to outlaw the 
bribery of foreign officials by the end of 
•next year. 

• The agreement, reached Friday after 
two years of negotiations, represented a 
inajor victory for U.S. businesses that 
■have long complained that the anti-cor- 
ruption law passed by Congress two 
decades ago put them at a disadvantage 
around the world. 

* • The pact would be the first global 
•accord making it a crime to bribe for- 
eign officials to obtain the multibillion- 
4|llar contracts that have become the 
.focus of increasingly cutthroat com pe- 
tition among multinational corporations 
.and governments. 

. ’ Fiance, Germany and Japan have his- 
torically been the most reluctant to 
agree to such laws; in Germany and 
-Canada, companies have even been al- 
lowed to take tax deductions for foreign 
■ bribes simply by listing them as a cost of 
‘doing business. 

- ; The Clinton administration has made 
'forging an anti-bribeiy agreement a 
•high priority. Administration officials 
said Friday that they had do illusions 
that the corruption accord alone would 
put a hugedent in the multibillion-dollar 
; international bribery business. 

•• Two of the newest member countries 
‘of the OECD — South Korea and Mex- 
‘ico — are regarded as being among die 
-more corrupt nations where U.S. compa- 
nies do business. And the agreement 
does not include countries outside the 29- 
, nation OECD, some of which are known 
■for a business culture where a willing- 
ness to enrich local and national officials 
Is often considered the price of entry. 

Nonetheless, Commerce Secretary 
vWifliam Daley said Friday that the 
•agreement was “a major step forward in 
'curbing international bribery.** 

• , Under die accord, each of die nations 
jn the OECD has until next April to 
'.introduce legislation making foreign 
bribery a crime. The laws must be passed 
.by die end of 1998, and the OECD 
nations are committed to opening ne- 
’gotiations for an international treaty to 
•deal with bribery. France and Germany 
‘pushed for such a convention so that 
.fjiey would not be placed at a disad- 
vantage by other nations that approved 
Iless stringent anti -corruption statutes. 

•;T The agreement sets out criteria for the 
‘national legislation — some of ft similar 
•to die 1977 Foreign Corrupt Practices 
’Act in the United States — but it does 
♦not mandate specific wording. Some 
'nations may thus treat bribery as a far 
. more serious offense than others. 


New York Notebook 


The Gall to Build a Mall in Japan 

Despite Official Rejection, U.S. Developer Presses On With Project 


By Sandra Sugawara 

Washington Post Sen-ice 

MORJYA. Japan — On one side 
of the table sat the Japanese bu- 
reaucrats. On the other side sat the 
representatives of American Malls 
International, the company owned 
by the Washington developer Her- 
bert Miller. The meeting was tense 
and the words solemn. 

“It will be very difficult to 
build the moll in Moriya — per- 
haps you should look for another 
site.” an Agriculture Ministry of- 
ficial, Noriaki Baraki, said res- 
olutely at the Feb. 28 meeting, one 
of the participants recalled. 

In Japan, direct confrontation is 
considered distasteful, and subtle 
communications are preferred. 
Another Agriculture Ministry of- 
ficial, Tashihika Takemoto, re- 
called that Mr. Baraki's words 
were meant to tell the developer 
that its proposed project was dead 
on arrival. 

But the Americans did not pan- 
ic. In fact, the mall company did 
not even realize it was being told, 
in an indirect Japanese way, to 
throw in the towel. 

Mr. Miller wants to build eight 
to 10 malls throughout Japan, big- 
ger and glitzier than anything Ja- 
pan has ever seen. In the past. 
Japanese public and bureaucratic 
opposition to such projects has 
made them impossible. But Mr. 


Miller argues that deregulation 
and an eagerness among Japanese 
business executives to*ieam new 
ways to do things make this an 
ideal time to strike. 

Sources familiar with the proj- 
ect say Mr. Miller has received 
surprising support from large re- 
tailers. local officials, newspapers 
and some national government of- 
ficials, who will have influence 
over the fate of the project. But 
because the land in question is 
zoned as farmland, the Agricul- 
ture Ministry’s opposition is a 
major problem. 

The mall builder’s run-in with 
the ministry illustrates that 
change comes slowly here, and 
that those at the forefront of 
change can face formidable dif- 
ficulties. But if Mr. Miller suc- 
ceeds. it may show that the only 
way to change the unspoken rules 
is to break them. Mr. Miller has 
proceeded as far as he has because 
he apparently did not understand, 
or chose to ignore, the unspoken 
rules of the game. 

"We took the meeting at face 
value, the way it was represented 
to us, as an informational meet- 
ing." said John Diefenbach, the 
mall concern’s vice president and 
general manager in Japan. "We 
thought they were just giving us a 
preliminary take on it." 

He noted that his company had 
not even submitted a proposal. It 


was still trying to determine if 
there was enough local support 
among landowners to proceed. 

After the meeting, he said. 
"Our mind-set was, ‘This is the 
problem. How do you solve it?’ 
which is a normal Western prob- 
lem-solving process. We didn’t 
really give it that much 
thought. 

This Western mind-set, 
however, baffled and incensed the 
Agriculture Ministry. Realizing 
that its indirect approach had been 
wasted on brash American ex- 
ecutives, the Agriculture Ministry 
unleashed what it apparently 
hoped would be lethal force: It 
held a news conference to an- 
nounce it was killing the proposed 
mall project. 

It summoned the U.S. agricul- 
ture attache to drive home the 
point. It advised local opponents 
to circulate petitions against the 
project. It advertised its opposi- 
tion on its Web site. 

And American Malls Interna- 
tional’s response? It hasn’t 
budged. It still plans to open its 
first Japanese mall on the Moriya 
site in three and a half years. In- 
stead of scaling down its 20- per- 
son staff in Japan, it is beefing it 
up and tallting to potential in- 
vestors. The company also plans 
to create an on-line replica of the 
planned structure, a "virtual 
mall,’ ’ next year to familiarize the 


Japanese with the idea of a large 
entertainment and shopping com- 
plex, which would be a first here. 
The company continues to talk to 

local landowners. 

“We’re going to succeed." 
Mr. Miller said. “I feel very con- 
fident about that." 

During a recent interview. Mr. 
Takemoio asked incredulously: 
"Where do they get such con- 
fidence? A Japanese company 
would have changed the site. They 
might not have been happy about 
it, but they would have done it." 

Japanese government officials, 
newspapers and townspeople 
think they have pan of the answer. 
They often refer to Mr. Miller’s 
"strong political clout" in Wash- 
ington, and the betting in Japan is 
that Mr. Miller is counting on 
President Bill Clinton to cut a 
behind-the-scenes deal with 
Prime Minister Ryu taro Hashi- 
moio to get the mall built. 

Mr. Miller laughs when asked 
about those reports. Although he 
has been a Democratic fund- 
raiser. he says his confidence is 
rooted, not in expectations of 
presidential intervention, but 
rather in his belief that things are 
changing in Japan and that his 
company’s timing is right. 

Indeed. Mr. Miller says that 
many Japanese, in government 
and in private industry, have 
called him to quietly offer help. 


Skepticism Over Japanese Rate Rise Helps Dollar 


U.S. rates have fallen - 

PARIS — Maybe it’s just whistling in the dollars for yen has m 
wind, but many leading analysts just do not narrowed spread on in 
believe that Japan is about to raise its official break-even cost for Jap 
interest rates from their current record lows — Tokyo-Mitsubishi e? 
and if they don't, the dollar is likely to re- value in 10 years would 
cover. 

Unless there is a clear acceleration of A c ! OTlc Qfr-lr Pn 
Japanese growth, said Ravi Bulchandani -fASIdilS CJCCJA \j U. 
of Morgan Stanley & Co. in London, the 

dollar should again approach 125 yen. to 

Avinash Persaud at J.P. Morgan & BANGKOK — Top official 

Co. agreed, calling it "premature" to have agreed to strengthen cooj 
conclude that the yen -do Liar exchange of regional currencies, a B: 
rate has stabilized. Sunday. 

If anything, analysts at Tokyo-Mit- "After exchanging views 
subishi International in London say, die foreign exchange markets, we 


percentage points to 3.9 percentage points in 
favor of dollars, as Japanese rates have risen and 
U.S. rates have fallen — the ability to buy more 
dollars for yen has more than outweighed the 
narrowed spread on interest rates to lower the 
break-even cost for Japanese investors. 


Tokyo-Mitsubishi estimated that the dollar's said. 


the higher income mi dollar bonds to equal the 
benefit of having been invested in yen. A month 
ago, when 126.57 yen were needed to buy one 
dollar, the break-even raw was 80 JO yen. "We 
expect a significant increase in investment out- 
flows from Japan." a Tokyo-Mitsubishi official 


PAGE 15 


SHORT COVER 
Bonn Confident on Fighter Funds 

BONN (Reuters) — Defense Minister Volker Ruehe said 
Sunday he was confident that Bonn, under pressure to tighten 
budgets and qualify for European monetary union, would find 
the funds needed to buy 180 Eurofighter jets to modernize its 
air force. 

Mr. Ruehe said he welcomed proposals by Finance Minister 
Theo Waigel to use funds from the Airbus Industrie aircraft 
consortium to help fund the planned 23 billion Deutsche mark 
($13.6 billion) purchase. 

Mr. Waigel told the Frankfurter Aligemeine Zeirnng that 
the government could use 200 million DM a year m re- 
imbursements from Airbus to pay for the jets. 

Dow Jones Libel Damages Aire Cut 

HOUSTON (Bloomberg) — A federal judge has set aside 
most of a record-setting 5222.7 million libel verdict against 
Dow Jones & Co„ although the publisher of The Wall Street 
Journal still must pay more than S22.7 million. 

U.S. District Judge Ewing Werlein Jr. threw out S200 
million in punitive damages a jury had ordered Dow Jones to 
pay MMAR Group Inc. in the lawsuit over an inaccurate 
article published in 1993. But in his ruling late Friday, Judge 
Werlein left in place 522.7 million in compensatory damages 
plus interest ana legal costs. He also ordered the author of the 
article, Laura Jereski, to pay 520,000 in punitive damages. 

Austria Denies Report on Taxes 

VIENNA (Reuters) — Revenue for Austria ’s budget for 1 998 
and 1999 wiU fall short by 20 billion schillings (SI. 68 billion). 
Finance Minister Rudolf Edlinger said, but he added that there 
was no plan to raise taxes on oil and tobacco to cover the gap. 

In an interview with the daily Kurier published Sunday. Mr. 
Edlinger said a Saturday newspaper report that he was con- 
sidering raising taxes on oil and tobacco to help fill the deficit 
in the next budget was incorrect. 

PepsiCo Pulls Out of South Africa 

NEW YORK (Combined Dispatches') — The PepsiCo Inc. 
franchise bonier in South Africa, New Age Beverages, has 
ceased operations. 

PepsiCo, which owned 25 percent of the company, said 
Friday the bottler had filed for voluntary liquidation in a 
Johannesburg court and had already ceased operations. 

PepsiCo also said it would sell Its restaurant-supply dis- 
tribution unit to AmeriServe Food Distribution Inc. The 
companies did not disclose terms, although analysts estimated 
a price in the hundreds of millions of dollars. The unit, called 
PepsiCo Food Systems, distributes $3.4 billion a year in food, 
equipment and other supplies, mainly to Pepsi's Pizza Hut, 
KFC and Taco Bell restaurant chains. (NYT, Bloomberg) 


Bloomberg) 


o re- value in 10 years would need to be 78.63 yen for In 

Asians Seek Currency Stability 

Reuters 

BANGKOK — Top officials from nine Asian central banks 
have agreed to strengthen cooperation to maintain ihe stability 
of regional currencies, a Bank of Thailand official said 
Sunday. 

“After exchanging views on the recent volatility in the 


In Mr. Persaud’s view, the dollar will be 
carried higher by the "scissors effect" 
j of changing estimates on interest rates as 

’ it becomes clear that U.S. interest rates 
will rise further and that Japanese and 
German rates will not rise as soon as has 
>ks been anticipated. 

ity Although the dollar sagged against 
lid both the yen and the Deutsche mark over 
disappointment that the Federal Reserve 
he Board left U.S. interest rates unchanged 
»ur last week, rt is still widely assumed mat 


recent strength of the yen has lowered cooperation to maintain the stability of currencies in the the Fed wiU lift rates because of increased 
the break-even rate at which Japanese region,” the Thai central banker said. economic growth and that this will give 

investors can afford to buy U.S. bonds. Separately, the Bank of Thailand said that the top Asian foe dollar a final rally before rising in- 
meaning that the capital outflow from monetary officials had gathered here as partofa regular session terest rates in Japan and in Europe begin 
Japan should increase. of the Executives' Meeting of East Asia and Pacific Central to compete late in the year. 

The dollar ended last week at 1 15.55 Banks. The meeting, which was held without publicity, included Meanwhile, traders are awaiting Fri- 


Japan should increase. 

The dollar ended last week at 1 15.55 
yen, virtually unchanged from a week 
earlier but down 9 percent from its five- 
year high of 1 27 JO yen set at die start of 
the mouth. 

Even though foe difference between 
long-term Japanese and U.S. interest rates 


of the Executives' Meeting of East Asia and Pacific Central to compete late in the year. 

Banks. Ihe meeting, which was held without publicity, included Meanwhile, traders are awaiting Fri- 

senior central bankets and top monetary officials from Japan, day's revision of the first-quarter U.S. 
Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, South Korea, Indonesia, China, gross domestic product. The original 
Hong Kong and Thailand, the official stud. report showed that foe economy grew at 

The baht was foe subject of a massive attack for two days a torrid 5.6 percent annual rate. The 
earlier this month by speculators who were worried about revised figure may be even higher, given 
Thailand’s high current account deficit, economic woes and foe smaUer-than -expected U.S. trade 


FIDELITY FRONTIER FUND 

Soci&l dlnvestissement & Capital Variable 
Kansallis House. Place de 1'Etoile, 

B.P. 2174, L-1021 Luxembourg 
R.C No B 20494 
(in liquidation) 

(foe “Company**) 

Pursuant to a decision of the Extraordinary General Meeting 
of Shareholders held on the 23rd May, 1997 the liquidation of 
Fidelity Frontier Fund has been dosed. 

Liquidation proceeds not collected by the shareholders have 
been transferred to the Cai&se des Consignations to be held 
for the benefit of the persons entitled thereto. 

The records of the Company are deposited at the registered 
office of the Company for a period of 5 years. 

The liquidator 


FUemyml^ Investments 


has narrowed in recent weeks — from 4.6 rumors of an impending cabinet realignment. 


deficit, traders said 


Bond Broker Banks on Wholesale Turnaround 


International Herald Tribune 

-' Cantor Fitzgerald LP is 
•primarily known as a dealer- 
T*$)-deaIer broker of govern- 
ment bonds, but Howard Lut- 
-nicku the firm’s president, is 
thinking bigger. 

!, : Mr. Lumick plans to carve 
'niches in any big market that 
“has wholesale players, and he 
• says he does not think that the 
np temet is going to cut out all 
foe middlemen — although he 
'does think technology will ae- 
~aie new wholesale markets. 

Cantor Fitzgerald's role is 
4o broker deals among the 
HSiggest players, such as 
^Deutsche Bank AG and Mer- 
Lynch & Co. Although 
"jhese heavyweights can, and 
•Sometimes do, trade among 
'.'themselves, a broker is often 

•useful to preserve anonymity: 

:, Ef it becomes known that a big 
iWall Street investment house 
•wants to sell several billion 
“dollars’ worth of bonds, po- 
-tential buyers would be l ikely 
;to lower their bid prices from 
.what they were willing to pay 
^before that news came out 
Dealer- to-dealer brokers, 
“therefore, are die "glue be- 
IWeen, the wallpaper and the 
%aH," Mr. Lntnick says. He 
Lfeeeshis firm's role as one of 


getting between wholesale 
buyers and sellers, taking an 
infini tesimal commission for 
arranging deals in which 
neither the goods nor the 
cxedfcworthiness of foe prin- 
cipals needs to be verified. 

He says wholesale markets 
will expand because of tech- 
nological advances, globaliz- 
ation and deregulation. 

As an example, he cites 
electricity, which, like gov- 
ernment debt, is a large but 
homogenous market. As dis- 
tribution and generation are 
increasingly separated, a 
wholesale market in power is 
likely to develop. One idea 
has been that consumers and 
producers would be able to 
use the Internet to create a 
market. 

But power generators will 
not want to have to verify the 
creditworthiness ^ of every 
consumer, he said, nor will 
customers be able to ascertain 
that an electric company can 
really deliver. Thus, dealers, 
perhaps today's retail broker- 
age houses, will negotiate 
with generators to create vast 
pools of energy. 

On the other side, credit- 
card issuers, local telephone 
companies and other con- 


cerns that regularly deal with 
consumers will offer electri- 
city to their clients. Making a 
market between foe two 
classes of professionals will 
be brokers — such as Cantor 
Fitzgerald. 

* Besides financial products 
and utilities, Mr. Lutiiick sug- 
gested that diamonds could 
become a market. It will take 
some technological ad- 
vances, however Diamonds 
can be classified in foe same 
way bonds are rated, but so far 
there is no way to “finger- 
print" specific genus, he said, 
so it is impossible to verify 
that a stone is foe same one a 
seller claims it is. 

VEBA Looks to U.S. 

The forces thru are shaking 
up the once- staid utility in- 
dustry have companies 
scrambling to develop 21st- 
century strategies. A utility 
that is moving on several 
fronts is VEBA AG, one of 
the five largest listed compa- 
nies in Germany. 

VEBA began as an electric 
utili ty and has branched out 
into several related fields, 
such as chemicals, commod- 


ities trading and telecommu- 
nications. The company was 
one of foe first in Germany to 
adopt U.S.-style accounting 
standards, and it is planning 
to list American depositary 
receipts for its shares on foe 
New York Stock Exchange in 
October. 

Ulrich ■ Hartmann, foe 
VEBA chairman, wants an 
American partner in telecom- 
munications to take the place 
of Cable & Wireless PLC, 
which dropped out of an al- 
liance to challenge Deutsche 
Telekom in Gennany. Cur- 
rently, VEBA has a venture, 
called o.tel.o, with RWE AG, 
another big German utility, 
and 20 percent is being re- 
served for a foreign telecom- 
munications company. 

Mr. Hartmann said VEBA 
was negotiating with several 
U.S. concents, including 
GTE Carp., SBC Communi- 
cations Inc. and BellSouth 
Corp. He said he preferred a 
U.S. partner to tap into Amer- 
ican technical ana marketing 
expertise. 

Unlike many conglomer- 
ates, which prefer not to raise 
their Wall Street profiles for 
fear of attracting a corporate 
raider, VEBA is courting U.S. 


institutional investors. It is 
only “poorly managed con- 
glomerates" that have to fear 
break-ups, be said 

ABN Defies Raiders 

ABN-AMRO Holding NV 
is another international com- 
pany courting U.S. investors. 
It sold $259 million of Amer- 
ican depositary receipts Wed- 
nesday in its debut on foe 
New York Stock Exchange. 

Corporate raiders, however, 
could buy all the ABN shares 
they wanted, but they would 
not get control of the inter- 
national banking company, 
foe world’s 14fo-largest in 
terms of 1995 assets. 

A foundation-like entity 
called Srichting Adminis- 
tratiekantoor ABN AMRO 
Holding controls a majority 
of the company's votes 
through a class of preference 
shares. 

Shareholders cannot vote 
to oust management, a power 
reserved to foe self-perpetu- 
ating supervisory bomd, over 
which shareholders have little 
influence: They can contest 
but cannot veto appointments 
to this body. 

— Mitchell Martin 


L’Aeroport Nice - C6te d’Azur 

lance un appeJ a candidatures visant a f attribution cfautorisations tfoccupation 
temporaire du domaine public alronautique d’une dun&e de 5 ans, pour 
rexpioftation d’une activfcg de location de vehicules automobiles sans chauffeur. 

Eu 6gard aux contraintes d'espace particulferes £ Pa£roport Nice Cdte d’Azur, 
6 autorisations serontattribuees. 

Les candidate interess6s doivent envoyer une demande cfadmissfon par feccre 
recommandte avec accus6 de reception £ fadresse sirivante : 

CHAMBRE DE COMMERCE ET D1NDUSTRIE NICE COTE D'AZUR 
AEROFORT NICE - COTE D'AZUR 

Direction de jSyloiatiQQ 
Consultation a location de vdhkuies » 

06281 NICE CEDEX 3 

La demande sera places sous double enveloppe, Fenveloppe int&rieure portant la 
mention a Offre de candidature pour r exploitation d’une activite de location de 
vehicules 


Les Candidas devronefoumir avec leur demande : 

• les statues sotiaux 

• un extrait cfimmatricultion Rqgistre Commerce er des Societes 

• les 3 demiers bilans - 

• Jes 3 demiers compras de resuhar 

• le CV des mandataires sociaux 

• le dernier rapport (Tactivite 






Au phis 10 candidate seront admis £ d6poser une offre sur la base des entires 
suivants: 


■ Adaptation £ fexpfoitauon de f Aferoport 

La date limite de n&ception des candidatures est fix£e au Vendredf 13 juin >997. 




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PACE 18 


SPORTS 


Eindhoven Clinches Dutch Title 

Parma Tightens Grip on Champions League Berth 




CiropAcd by Ow Fmm Diqxncha . 

PSV Eindhoven won the Dutch title 
for the I4th time Sunday when it beat 
Willem n Tilburg 3-1. 

With one game to go, PSV has an 
unassailable four-point lead over Fey- 
enoord, which beat Heeieoveen 4-2. 

Eindhoven coach Dick Advocaa*. 
coach of the Dutch national team at the 
1994 World Cup finals, clearly felt the 
tension and was dismissed mom die 
bench for shouting at referee Dick Jol 
halfway through the first half . 

Advocaat, who had. never previously 
won die championship either as player or 
coach, watched the rest of the match 
from die stands. 

Laic N ilis, the Dutch league’s top scorer 
this season, put PSV in front in the 22d 
minute with his 21st goal of the season. 

Three minutes later, Willem II's 
Finnish striker Joonas Kolkka saw goal- 
keeper Ronald Warerreus standing way 
off his goalline and equalized with a 
lob. 

However, strikes from WIm Jonk in 
the 36th minute and De Bilde from a 
Boudewijn Zendeo cross two minutes 
later gave PSV a two-goal cushion. 

Ronald Koeman ended his long career 
with a goal in Feyenoord's victory that 
ensured the club would finish second and 
in next season’s European Cup. 
Twente Enschede drew 1-1 at home to 
NEC Nijmegen to join Ajax and Vitesse 
Arnhem in the UEFA Cup. 

ITALY The league title is already out of 
reach, safe in Juventus's hands, but 
Parma tightened its. 

Sunday, which brings with it a 
pions League berth, when it beat Bo- 
logna 1-0. 

Juve had clinched its record 24th cham- 
pionship with a 1-2 draw at A tlanta of 
Bergamo on Friday night The game was 
move forward to allow Juventus more 
tune to prepare for die Eurowwn Cup final 
againstBOTtissia Dortmund in Munich on 
Wednesday. 

Parma's victory kept it two points 
ahead of Intemazionale of Milan, a 3-2 
winner over Napoli, with one round of 
games to go. 

Paul Ince scored for both teams 
Sunday in Inter's first outing since los- 
ing the UEFA Cup final on penalty kicks 
Wednesday and losing its coach, Roy 
Hodgson, two days later. 

Ince scored an own-goal in the 31st 
minute. He redeemed himself by equal- 
izing in the 50th minute. After Inter went 
ahead 2-1, Ince preserved the lead by 
chesting a Napoli shot off the line. Na- 
poli players protested that the English- 
man had used his hand. 

French striker Youri Djorkaeff then 
matte it 3-1 for Inter, before Napoli 
pulled a goal back in the 90th minute. 

In another exciting game, Sampdoria 
of Genoa made sure it will have one of 
Italy's four entries in die UEFA Cup by 
beating host Cagliari 4-3 on substitute 
Vincenzo Iacopino’s last-minute goal. 


Coach Sven Goran Eriksson will leave 
Samp at the end of the season, but his 
new team, Lazio of Rome, also clinched 
a UEFA berth. Lazio bear Verona 4-1 as 
Giuseppe Signori scored twice. 

GERMANY Bayern Munich ended a 
season of squabbling and scandals by 
clinching a record 14th German league 
title Saturday. 

First-half headed goals from Christian 
Ziege and Mehmet Scholl and second- 
half strikes by Ruggiero Rizzitelli and 

Soccir Roundup 


Marcel Witeczekgave the Bavarians a 4- 
2 victory over VfB Stuttgart in the pen- 
ultimate round of matches. 

The victory gave Bayern an unas- 
sailable four-point lead over Bayer losing side in 29 first division games. 
Leverkusen, which was crushed 4-0 at Belgium Lieise clinched its first 


level on points with second-place 
Nantes, but behind on goal difference. 
Nantes was playing at Monaco, the 
champion. As time ran out, both games 
were tied 1-1. 

But the luck that had earned Nantes 
through a 30-match unbeaten run ended 
with Guerin's goal in Paris and a goal 
disallowed in a close offside decision in 
the principality that would have put the 
visitors out front. 

In die end, with Nantes pushing every- 
one into attack, including teenage goal- 
keeper Mickael Landreau, Monaco’s 
Brazilian striker Anderson broke away 
in injury time to give Monaco, unbeaten 
at home in the league, a 2-1 victory. 

It was the fiist time that Landreau, who 
made his debut in October had been on die 


Cologne. 

Bayern fell behind in the 17th minute 
to a goal by Danny Schwarz, but after 
Stuttgart's Krasimir Balakov was sent 
off in the 23d minute for arguing with the 
referee, the game swung to Bayem. 

Germany’s richest club has been nick- 
named “Hollywood City” this season. 
Juergen Klinsmann has been em- 



to join Sampdoria, saying he was fed up 
with the atmosphere at a club. 

Franz Beckenbauer, the chairman, has 
been critical of a team of highly paid 
internationals who held crisis meetings 
after most losses. 

Afterward Klinsmann said: “This is 
die thing you dream about doing as a 
small boy. I'm going to enjoy it far a few 
days. It is a bit of a happy end. But I don’t 
regret leaving. There are so many dif- 
ferent philosophies in football. And 
mine did not fit in here." 

Even though it lost, Leverkusen will 
finish second and play in the European 
Cup next season. 

Spain Barcelona kept alive its league 
title hopes thanks to a piece of oppor- 
tunism by Ronaldo in die last minute that 
gave it a 1-0 victory over Deportivo 
Coruna on Saturday. 

The victory ensured that Barcelona 
would finish at least second in the Span- 
ish League and gain a place in next 
season's European Cup. 

The game looked likely to end goal- 
less until Ronaldo picked himself up 
from a heavy challenge and pounced on 
a loose ball to shoot past Deportivo 
goalkeeper Jacques Songo’o. 

FRANCE Vincent Guerin struck an 
89th-minute winner to give Paris Sl- 
Gennain a 2-1 home victory over Stras- 
bourg on Saturday, second place in die 
French league and with it a place in the 
European Cup next season. 

PSG fell behind to a 49th-minute goal 
by Olivier Dacourt before equalizing in 
the 63d minute when defender Paul Le 
Guen blasted in a shot after a free kick. 

PSG started the final round of games 


league title since 1960 Sunday wife a 3- 
0 victory at Standard Liege. 

Lierse finished die season two points 
ahead of last season’s champion. Club 
Brugge. 

Lierse, based iii Lier, a northern Bel- 
gian town of 33.000 inhabitants, sealed 
the title for the fourth time in its history 
with its first away victory over Standard 
Liege in 37 years. 

The match was halted when Standard 
fans spilled on to the pilch eight minutes 
from time and refused to return to die 
stands. It was resumed nearly half an 
hour later. 

Ukraine S hakhtar Donetsk seized on 
a defensive error by Dnipro Dnipro- 
petrovsk to snatch the Ukrainian Cup 1- 
0 on Sunday. Serhiy AteUrin intercepted 
a sloppy defensive pass on die edge of 
the Dnipro box in the 37th minute. 

international Paul Gascoigne is 
doubtful for England’s World Cup qual- 
ifier against Poland next week after suf- 
fering a calf injury in the last minute of 
his country’s 2-1 friendly victory over 
South Africa on Saturday. 

Gascoigne, playing his first interna- 
tional for seven months, failed to finish 
die match after a rash tackle by substitute 
Linda Butbelezi. 

Gascoigne had his best match for Eng- 
land since last summer’s European 
Championships and went close to scor- 
ing with a second-half free kick. He also 
played some penetrating long passes 
through to his forwards and orchestrated 
the 75th minute goal teat Ian Wright 
scored to clinch England’s victory. 

Robert Lee had put England ahead 
after 20 minutes. Phil Masinga headed in 
the equalizer in die 43d minute. 

Scotland Kilmarnock won the Scot- 
tish Cup for the first time since 1929 
with a 1-0 victory over Falkirk in a tense 
final at Ibrox in Glasgow on Saturday. 

A 21st minute dose-range goal from 
Paul Wright, who was troubled by a 
gashed knee in the lead-up to the final, 
proved decisive. It was only the seventh 
Scottish final since 1957 not to indude 
either Rangers or Celtic. 



Bc5*tio BrtLra/Tb- WmlvdPrM 

Giro d’ltalia competitors cycling down the Tyrrhenian Sea coast Sunday. 

Konyshev Outsprints Piccoli 
In 9th Stage of Giro dTtalia 


Reuters 

CASTROVTLLARI, Italy — Dmitri 
Konyshev game d another Russian vic- 
tory in the Giro dTtalia on Sunday when 
he won che sprint at the end of die ninth 
stage. 

Konyshev, who rides for the Roslono 
team, has worn the royal blue of best 
intermediate sprinter since the Giro 
began in Venice. His finishing power 
was too much for Mariano Piccoli of 
Brescialat at the end of the 232-kilometer 
(145-mile) stage from Cava de’ Tirreni. 

Piccoli, wearing the green jersey of 
best climber, drove hard for die line in 
the mass finish, riding alone in the right- 
hand gutter, but Konyshev, on the far 
side of the road, was too fast. 

It was the third Russian stage victory 
following those of race leader Pavel 
Tonkov in a time trial and on the Ter- 
minill o mountain last Wednesday. 


Tonkov. who rides for the Saeco team, 
maintained his overall lead of 41 
seconds over Luc Leblanc. 

Ivan Gotti and Roberto Petito, two 
Italians with Saeco, lie third and fourth 
overall. Petito was third in Sunday’s 
stage, gaining a four-second bonus. He 
trails Gotti by only two seconds. 

Marco Pantani, one of the top 
climbers, dropped out of the race and is 
expected to be out of action for 10 days 
after Saturday’s high-speed crash 
caused by a wayward car. Further checks 
revealed a tear in his left thigh muscle 
and iniemal bleeding. 

Pantani feces up 10 days of treatment 
with Dr. Flavio Tenagnoli, who took 
care of him when he shattered his left 
shin in 1995. 

Another victim of that spill, the Swiss 
champion Annin Meier, fractured his 
heel and is out for the season. 


Woosnam 
Clings to Slim A 

Lead in British 
Championship 

Reuters 

WENTWORTH. England — Ian 
Woosnam battled bumpy greens to cling 

to a ooe-shot lead in the third round of the 
British PGA championship on Sunday. ; 

The Welsh Ryder Cup player shot a 
two-under-par 70 for an 1 1 -under-par 
total of 205 to lead Ireland's Dairen 
Clarke. Clarke shot a 66. 

Ernie Els of South Africa made two 
on his way to a 67 andNick Faldo 
shot a 70. The two are tied in third at : 
207. 

Stephen Ames of Trinidad would 
have joined them but for a two-shot 
penalty on tire 12th green. _ ’ 

His ball moved on address but he did 
not realize it and did not replace it.' 
Referee John Paramor reviewed the in- ' 
detent with Ames oh a videotape aftea' 
tile round and Ames agreed that the bal? ; 
h»d moved. That was a penalty of one 
stroke and be incurred the second for not ; 
replacing the ball to its original po- 
sition. 

His 70 left him joint fifth on seven- ' 
under with Eng lish Ryder Cup player 
David Gilford, who carded a 72. 

Colin Montgomerie, the European 
No. 1, soared to a 76 and fell out of' 
contention after blocking several tee . 
shots to the right. 

■ Ogrin Leads Woods in Texas 

David Ogrin shot a 62 to earn the] 
tour name nt lead in the third round of die 
Colonial in Ft. Worth, Texas, and then * 
u tt e r ed the unspeakable for cameras and 
notebooks: He has got Tiger Woods’s 
number. 

* ‘I am a member of the select Tiger- ■ 
Killing Club,*’ be said after Saturday’s ; 
round. Ogrin led Woods by one shot 
going into the final round. 

“No question he's the best golfer in ' 
die world today,’* Ogrin said. “You got 
to want to face him. Like you would] 
want to face Michael Jordan." 

Woods shot a six-undo 1 64 on Sat- ; f* 
uzday on the strength of four back-nine 
birdies. ; 

Last year at die Texas Open, Ogrin' 
took a seven-shot lead over Woods to 
the final round. He hung on for his only.' 
career victory; Woods eventually closed 
to within two and finished third. 

Ogrin said he did not need a miracle 
to prevent Woods from becoming the* 
20th golfer to win three tournaments in a 
row. His week already began with one.- 
Ogrin withdrew last Sunday from the ' 
final round of the GTE Byron Nelson 
Classic to join his wife. Sharon, for the . 
birth of a child. 

Of his 62. which included six con- 
secutive birdies. Ogrin said he was 
1 ‘astounded but not surprised.’ ’ 






me 


Scoreboard 


AUTO RACING 


Spanish Grand Pmx 

SUNDAY. IN BARCELONA 

1. VDteneuva Canada, WBtons, 64 laps, 
302469 tans. In 1 h. 30 m. 35596 s.(mroge 
speed 200.314 kph, 

2. Ponte France, Prosl at 5JKM s. 

3-Aiesl France, Benetton 12534 

4. Saxramcher, Germany, Feraif 17.979 

5. Herbert Britain, Sautoer 27.906 

6. Coutthard, Britain McLaren 29.744 

7. HakWnen, FWand, McLaren 48.785 

8. Ffentzm Germany, WHams 1 =04.139 

9. RskAelta, Italy. Jordan 1 A4J67 

10. Berger, Austria. Benetton 1:05570 
p wv inr •TNHMNaai 1. VReneuwe 30 
potato 2. ScbumocheT 27j 3. WM« Pants lft - 
4. Eddie Inrtne, Britain, Ferrari Ttt 5. Dovfd 
Coulthord. Britain, McLaren 11; 6. Frentren, 
Germany, lft He Berger (Germany, 1ft tie 
HaJMnen Finland, McLaren 1ft 9. Jean 
AlessL France, 7; 10. Rubens Barricheiift 
Brazil, Stewart 6. 

CONSTRUCTORS" SIANDMOS: 1. Fer- 
n»14i potntsrZWmiona 40i 3. McLaren 21)4. 
Benetton 17; 5. Prostl&'d. Jordan 8? 7 equal. 
Stewat ft 7 equak Sautwr ft 9. TyneB 2 . 


BASEBALL 


Major League Standings 


hatkmuu. lUoa 

EABTMVHKM 



W 

L 

Pet 

GB 

Arianta 

33 

14 

jus 

— 

Ftarida 

28 

IB 

409 

4’A 

Montreal 

26 

20 

•565 

6% 

New York 

36 

23 

5«2 

T/, 

Ptdtaddphta 

IB 

29 

583 

15 

CENTRAL DtVBKM 



Houston 

25 

23 

521 

— 

Pmsburgh 

23 

24 

A89 


SL Louts 

19 

27 

X13 

5 

Chicago 

17 

29 

J70 

7 

Ondnnari 

15 

31 

326 

9 


WESTUVWON 



SanFnmdsca 

27 

19 

587 

— 

Colorado 

25 

22 

532 

Th 

Los Angeles 

24 

22 

522 

3 

San Diego 

20 

20 

435 

7 

mursuMKem 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 



Texas 

100 

000 000-1 

7 1 

Detroit 

022 

000 03s— 7 

11 0 


EASTHVWON 



W 

L 

Pet 

GB 

Baltimore 

31 

14 

589 

— 

New York 

26 

22 

542 

6M 

Toronto 

23 

21 

523 

7V, 

Detroit 

20 

26 

.435 

1114 

Boston 

18 

27 

400 

13 


csfTRAL onnuoN 



□evaartd 

24- 

21 

533 

— 

Milwaukee 

21 

22 

MS 

2 

Chicago 

21 

23 

AT! 

2VS 

Kansas Oft 

21 

24 

AS7 

3 

Minnesota 

19 

28 

404 

6 


wESTommoN 



Texas 

26 

19 

578 

— 

Anaheim 

2S 

20 

556 

1 

Seattle 

25 

22- 

532 

2 

Oakland 

19 

30 

588 

9 


D.DOwr, Wh naaUe 18 J, Vuberg (B) and l. 
Rodriguez: MoeMer, MJAyara (9) and B- 
Johnson. W— Moehier, 3-3. L— O. Oflver, 2-5. 
HR*— Terns, Greer (5J. Detroit, ToJDat* 
07), Nieves (6). 

BaMnsre 0)0 QM 100— 1 2 1 

aarakwd 423 did oa*-6 12 I 

Key, Boride t5) and Hades Ogea and s. 
Alomar. W— Ogea, 5-1 L— Key, 8-1. 

IN 100 0(0-4 8 • 
100 000 000—1 3 0 
Karl DoJones (9) and Matheny; Alvarez, 
Korchner TO aid Kariwvta. W-KarL 2S. 
L— Alvarez. 3-5. Sv— DoJones 01). HRs— 
Milwaukee, Loretta OL Ge.WHHoms (5). 
Anaheim 215 101 200-12 17 i 

Toronto Oil 00Q 000-2 7 3 

D5prfnger and Lento,- Guzman. 
Carpenter (4) and Santiago. W— O. Springer, 
3-1. L— Guzman, 3-4. HRs — Anaheim Alicea 
(2), DlSardna C3), Lento (Q. 

Boston ON 110 043-9 12 2 

New York in 018 goo— 3 6 1 

Sate Lacy (8), Coral (St. Sbcumb (ft and 
Kotteberg,- Mendoza, Nelson (7). Uayd (0), 
Baehringer (B), Medr (9) and Posada. 
W — Seta, 5-3. L— Netean, 1-4. HRs— Boston, 
Cordero (7), Stanley (4). 

Seattle 0M 240 002-8 13 2 

bras CTy M2 ON 040—4 14 4 

Rjahnsan, Ayala (8), Chariton (9) retd a 
Wttsoru Belcher. Montgomery <7), Pichardo 
(9), J. Welker (9) and Moefartann 
MLSweeney (7). w— R. Johnson, 6-1. 
L— Belcher, S6. HRs-SeaMe. Griffey Jr. 
(21). Buhner (9), Sorrento (ft. Kansas Chy, 


vradki U). 

Oakland 011 040 011-1 11 0 

Minnesota 001 MO 121-4 9 2 

Knrecy, A. Small (8), Taylor O) and a 
williams Rodkn Rflchle OT, Trombley (9) 
and Statabach. W-Karsay, 1-5. L— Rndfce, 
3-4. Sv— Taylor (9). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 

New York 010 060 006—1 4 • 

PMtoMottal 020 000 00®— 2 7 I 

Mlldi Udle (7) and Hundtap Stephenson 
SpradOn (7). Ryan (8), Bottaflco (B) and 
ParenLW— Sfephansor.2-<U-— M0dcUM5*- 
— BottnBco 02). HR— NewYtafc.G»ey (4). 
Chicago 000 100 200-3 4 I 

Ondnatt 000 800 010-1 5 8 

MifRoloml T. Adams (9) and Serrate 
Mereker, Belinda (7). Carrasco (8) and J. 
Oliver. W-Mulhoffand, 4-3. L-Merdwr, 1-5. 
Sv— T. Adams (4). HR— CNcaga Soso 01). 
Pittsburgh ooo ooi on-1 s i 

Montreal 008 000 22s-4 7 0 

Coate, WUMiouse (7), Ruebet (8) and 
Kendoft PJMaritna and Hatcher. W—P. 
J-MortSnez, 8-0. L— Cooke, 3-6. 

Houston 821 lit 110 — 7 13 1 

Colorado 301 048 80K-8 11 1 

Wad, R. Garda (St, Uma (ft, Hudefc (ft 
and Ausmus; BJlUones. Dlpata (7), Haloes 
(ft, 5. Rood (91 and Marnrarftig. W— B. 
MJanes, 1-0. L— WaJL 1-1 Sv— S. Reed (ft. 
HRs— Cotaroda Bain GO, Burks (11), 
Bichette (ft. 

Atlanta 110 ON 000-4 8 1 

LK Angelos 800 100 100-2 7 0- 

Srrwttz. WoMers (9) and Erid- P ere z; 
Astoda, Guthrie C7)< Radinsky (ft. Had ft) 
and Ptazzn. W-SmoKz. 6-i L-AstocJa 3-3. 
Sv — Wohlers (11). HRs— Atlanta, Klesko (ft. 
Los Angeles, Anthony (1). 

SL Loots ON 000 000-0 2 0 

Sat Francises 000 181 Oto-2 5 0 

Monk and Lumpkin, Sfteaflbr ft); Estes 
and P.WtrkIns.W — Estes. 6-1L— Morris. 1-3- 
Ftarido 000 ON 021-3 11 ■ 

Saa Diego 200 100 034—6 1 0 

AJnemanda Stantfer (7k F. Haedte (ft, 
Powefl (B) and CJahtnan; Valenzuela P. 
SmBh (ft, Curmane ft). Burrows (9), 
Hoffman ft). W— Vatonzueta. 2 -ft L— A. 
Femandez, 5-S. HR— Son Dlaga, Joyner (4). 
Hrenirimimu 

ANHRrCAN LEAOUe 

Anotwbs 201 QM 000-3 9 1 

Taranto 000 OOO 016-1 4 1 

Watson. Jamas (ft, Perdval (9) aid 
Kreuten W.WBRnns, Spoflarlc (7) and 
OBrien. W— Watson, 2-X L— W. Mtonsl-i 
Sv— PerawS ai. HR-Anatieta, Erstad (ft. 


ON 011 000-2 6 0 
NewYbrk 110 048 082-4 8 0 
Suppab Wasdbi (7) and Holtaberg; Cona 
M. Rivero ft) mid GlronA W-M. Wvera 1-1. 
L— Wasrfla 0-2. HRs— New Yak, Hayes O), 
Ctancand). 

Bontanre 301 183 000-8 15 0 

Osvekntd 082 001 000-3 9 1 

Muafna, Orosco (ft, AJenfte (ft and 
Holes; Kina Mesa CD, Assentnacher (ft. 
Plunk (ft, Slwey ft) and Borden. 
W— Mussina, 6-1. L-Kte*. 3-1. 

HR— Boritmans R. Palmeiro ft). 

Teens 410 003 400-0 6 0 

Detroit 003 000 188-4 8 3 

Hffl, Gunderson (7), WNteside (7), X 
Hernandez (ft, wettetand (9) and Rodriguez; 
Pugh, Bauttria (2), J. Cummings (ft, Mlcefl 
(ft, T Janes (ft. BiacaU (ft and Casanova. 
W— HID, 3-2. L— Pugh, 1-1. HR— Twos, B. 
RftkentZ). 

Oakland 200 IN 016-4 8 1 

W nesatn 118 220 10*— 7 13 0 

Matter, Wengsrt IS ana Co.WBBams 
Robertson, Nauttv (ft, Guardado OB), 
Aguilera ft) and SMnbach. W - R obe rt so n. 
5-2. L— Mahler, 0-7. Sv— Agunera (ft. 
HR— Ottdond, McGwffe (15). 

Swttta ON 281 011-5 120 

Kansas Ofy 000 014 20-11 13 f 
Moyer, McCarthy (7), MModdux (7), 
Kobsemer (ft, Monzonflio (ft ond WBsan; 
Ptttstey, R-Vures (6), J. Walter (ft. Pfctwrdo 
(ft and Mactarfane. W— R. Veres, 4-0. 
L— Moyer, 4-1. Sv-Plehordo (7). 
HRs— Seattle, Sorrento (7). Kansas aty, 
Paquette 2 (4). 

MSwaetse 010 121 180-6 11 ■ 

Chkaga 2M 103 llv-0 10 2 

D-Amica Mbnndo (6), Fforie (ft. Fetters 
(7), VBione (7), D Jones (ft and Motheny, 
Levts (8); Oanrirv McEiroy (ft, Simas (7). 
RJternandez (ft and Fbbregas. W— Simas, 
2-0. L — Fetters, 1-3. Sv— R. Hernandez (10). 

MICnONAL LEAGUE 

SL Lards 883 1 00 410-9 IS 1 

San FraactsCB 200 OOO 010-3 8 1 

Aruflenes, Pettrovsek (8>. Eckeretay (9) 
and Ottaffce; Roa Aroctta (5). Poole (7), 
Tavorez (7), Beck ft) and R. WHWns. 
W — AnJJenes, 3-2. L— Roa 1-3. 

Haouan 202 300 006-7 8 I 

Cotaroda 000 ON 886-0 4 0 

Kte, R- Springer (ft, B.WOgner ft) and 
Aasmus; Butte, Dlpata (St. DeJean (7), M. 
Munoz (ft and JaReed. W— KHe, S-Z 
L — Buite, 0-1. HRs— Houston, Blggto ft), 
Bagnefl (76). 


ADVERTISEMENT 



1989 - BIRDIE BLHZA® v w. 

Unim mth & l)evprd 1 ^ - 


New York 123 000 200-8 11 0 

PNbdeipftJa 080 081 003-4 13 8 

Reynoso, Manuel (8), Trilcek (9). 
McMktaMl ft), J.Franco (9) and Hundley; 
Madura R-Harris (ft. Ptantenberg (8), Ryan 
ft) and EstaWta. W R e y no so, 3-0. 
L-Madma 36. Sv— J. Franco 03). 
HRs— New York, Huskey (8), GCLey (5). 
PHtsbotgb 000 020 106-3 7 1 

Montreal 111 ON 28x-7 12 2 

Schmidt Sodowsky (ft, Petere (It. 
Wain house (7) and Oslk, Kendall (7); Judea 
Telford (7), Urbina (9) and Widger. 
W— Judea 5-0. L-SrJinddt 1-1 5 »— LI rhino 
(7). HR— Pittsburgh, M. Cummings (2). 

CNcaga 000 IN ON 000-1 6 8 

Ctadmrit ON ON Ml 083-1 12 8 

(12 ImtfngtiTraetaet Patterson (7), Rotas 
(81. T. Adams GO), Wended CIZ) and 
Houston Setvab (7); Burba RemOnger (ft, 
Beftnda ft), Show GO) and Taubeieee. 
W— Show, 1-0. L-VtereM, 2-3. 
HRs-Ctadnnatt CGoodwtn G). Taubertsee 
(St. Chicago, Sosa (12). 

002 100 000-3 3 0 

SOD ON 41*— 14 14 1 

Glavfne, Byrd (7), Oontz (ft ond Lopes; 
RJAortlnez and Piazza. W—R. Martinez, 4-3. 
L— Glavfne 5-1 HRs— Atlanta Klesko (7). L. 
A. Kiwros (ft, Ashley (3). Mondesi GO). 
Ftarida 014 1B0 030-9 17 4 

Sn Diego 500 ON 101—7 8 0 

Rapp, Cook (7), Powell (7), Nen ft) and 
Zaun; Bergman, Manny 0). Burrows (7), 
Bodtltor (8). Long (8) and Flaherty. 
W— Powefl 1-1, L-Bodrlter. 0-2. Sv-Nen 
G2). HR— San CHega Gwynn (9). 

Japanese Leagues 


H O C K E r 


NHL Playoffs 



w 

L 

T 

Pet 

GB 

Yofcult 

25 

16 

— 

510 



Hiroshima 

20 

18 

— 

526 

35 

CJnirtcW 

21 

79 

— 

525 

35 

Yokohama 

17 

19 

— 

472 

55 

Hanshta 

18 

22 

— 

450 

65 

Yomluil 

16 

23 

— 

410 

80 


unjKBAV'ssEsmrs 

Hiroshima L Hanstiln 3 
Chunk}* 4, Yokohama 2 
Yakub vs. Yomhiri rained out 

soNDATsmiin 
Ytturiti Yomtart 2 
Hiroshima 6, Hanstrbi 4 
Onmictil vs. Yokohama mined ouL 


Setau 

W 

25 

L 

15 

T 

Pet 

525 

GB 

Orix 

18 

17 

— 

514 

45 

Dofel 

21 

20 

— 

512 

45 

Lotte 

17 

20 

1 

.459 

65 

Nippon Ham 

IB 

22 

— 

450 

IJB 

Kintetsu 

17 

22 

1 

436 

75 


MIQDW'IIUUUrS 

SeJtto a. Nippon Ham 1 
KHelSU 2. Dale) 0 
Latte vs. Orix rained out. 

mMrtMnin 
SeOru 12. Nippon Ham 6 
Orix 11 Lotte 5 
Kintetsu la Dale! * 


BASKETBALL 


NBA Playoffs 


(BEST-OF-SEVEN) 

niDAT'S IKBLT 

Ittab 3) M 21 28—100 

Hmb*m 18 33 29 38—118 

U: Malone 9-14 2-5 21. Stockton 8-19 1-1 17; 
H; Johnson 12-17 2-2 31, Otaftwon 12-19 3-5 
27. Itabands— Utah 40 (OsJertag 9), 
Houston 42 (BaiMey 16). Assists— Utah 23 
(Sloctaan 10). Houston 28 (Drerier, Matoney, 
Thread 61. 

Wtak leads sots 2 - 1 ) 

wnEursnsuu 

Cb large 19 28 25 26- 98 

Miami 15 19 15 25—74 

C Jordan 14-25 5-534 Ftpoen 8-16 54 21; 
M: Lenanl 4-7 >4 14. Moumtng 1-4 10-12 12. 
R e b o n eds C wcagn' 46 (Rodman 9), Miami 
47 ( Mourning 9). AssfeS-Oifcngo 16 IKufcoc 
ft. 

(Chicago leads s*rts 3-8) 


(3tST-OF-SEVOi) 

ntBAT'C USOLT 

1 0 2-3 
N.Y.Rasgws 0 0 2-2 

First Period: P-Renberg 5 (Howerchuk, 
Coffey) (pp).SecoadPertod:None.TUrape- 
rio* Mew Yarn TDdwnen 8 (Udstert (sW. X 
P-Druce 1, (sh).4. New York, Lestch 2 (Gret- 
zky, Rotttame) 5, P-Undros 10 (LeCWr. 
Brin if Amour) (ppj. Shots oa goat P- 10-11- 
19—40. New York 6-17-11-34. Goalies: P- 
HextalL New York. Richter. 

(PhMdphla leads series 3-1) 
ttnuDAY'susmr 
Detroit o o o-o 

Colorado 3 3 o 6 

First Period: C-Lemleux 12 ISaklc, Kamen- 
sky) 2. C-lemleux 13 (ObjUosM 3. C-Satac 7 
(Kamensky). Second Period: C-Yelle 1 
(Keane, Mto) & C-Satac 8 (Kamensky) & C- 
Young 3 (DeaOmarah, Kamensky)- Thkri Pe- 
rtock None. Skats on goat: D- 1 1-7-14— 32. C- 
9-15-4— 2B. G oaBes: D-Vemon, Osgood . C- 
Ray 10-6. 

(Detroit leads series 3-2) 


CRICKET 


AUSTRAUATCKn 

ENQLAND VB. AUSTRALIA 
2ND. I-DAY INTERNATIONAL 
SATURDAY IN, MANCHESTER, ENGLAND 

Austrafta: 249-6 Innings closed 
England: 253-4 off 4BJ avers 
England won by 9U wickets. 

3ND 1-DAT INTERN4nONAL 
SUNDAY, W LONDON 

Ausholta: 269 all out In 49J overs 
Engtand: 27D4 In 4P wers 
England won by 6 wlctets and series 34L 


FMAL. (BEST-OF-THREE) 

SRI LANKA VS. PAKtSTTAN 
SATURDAY. IN MOH ALL INDIA 
Sri Lanka: 339-4 
PrAlston: 224 (424 avers) ' 

Sri Lanka won first match by itSrura 


CYCLING 


Giro d’Itaua 


Laedtog placing* of the 212-ton Oh stage 
of the Gkarntalla from Mondngons to Cove 
deTnmnlonStairdqr; 

1. Manzonl It. Roslotta 5 h. 20 m. 9 s; 2. 

GlraldLn.Kres9 at 23 s.- XMonnart.lt. Asks 

at 25 s.- 4. MandW, It. Amore & VHa sjj & 
PKcaL n. Bresctaiat at 35 s.- 6. Zonette, It. 
AKl;7.Lodalt.MogHfldo MGsB-VoneronL 
It. S crtgnw e. Paiuan, It. Canflna TaOn,- IX 
Brugrara. n. Batik, ok sj. 

Leedlng pladngo in the 233-km 9th stage 

of the Giro rfkalta horn Can dai Tlironl to 
Cattrovfllari on Sunday; 

1 . Konyriiew, Rus. Raslottoe It. 14 m. 18 sj 
X Plecoa It. Bresdoioi: 1 Pettta it. Soecw A 

GentHL It. cantina Tolia; S. Vetgnam IL, 
Amcre and Vttw 6. Savoktein. It, Rostatta: 7. 
Hrastlta- Slovakia Conttna Talks X Lona It. 
Magimcto MG," 9. BartngSa. It. Soignee to. 
Lanfranchi II. Mope L ofl sJ. 

overauj l.Tonkwi. Rus. Mapel40 h. 47 
m. 10 sj 2 Leblanc. Fr. Patti zl seconds 
behind; 3. GottL tt. Saeco 1*7; 4. Petito 1 39; 
5. Paluon. It. Cantina Taflo I J9; 6. Noe-, tt. 
Asks li4& 7. CoppolBla tt. MagMdo MG 
154R-X Savauam. it. Rostatta 2*it». PfepoK 
tt. Ceramiche Refin £4% ia Shetor. Kazak. 

Asks MS. 


RUGBY UNION 


SUF8N12 


AucSdand Blues 5L Natal Shorts 36 
Australian Capital Territory 31 mnngtanZO 
Auckland plays Australian Capital Territory 
on May 31 in Auckland. 

uoNsnoi 

Eostem Province Inv. XV 11, BitQsh Uans 39 
SANYO CBN 
Wasps, England, World XV 52 


Buenos Aires 23, England 21 


TENNIS 


SATURDAY. IN MAOW3 
FINAL 

Jana Novotrw (2). Czech RepubfittieL Mon- 
Kn Seles (1) U& 7-5 6-1. 


SATURDAY. IN STRASBOURG, FRANCO 
8EKIFMAL 

Mariana Ludt Croatia, del. Judith Wlesner 
(4). Austria 7-5. 6-7 (8-10). 7-6 (7-5). 

FINAL 

Steffi Graf 0), Germany def. AAblona Ludc 
Croalta.6-27-5. 

WOULD DOUBLES CDF 
SATURDAY, M EDINBURGH. SCOTLAND 
FINAL 

Nicole Arendt, UJ. and Manor Boilegrof, 
Netherlands, def. Rachel McOUntaa Aus- 
traBa and Nano Mlyagl Japan, 6-7, 34 7-5. 


Udbresed. Piacenza 0 
Vicenza ZMOano 
Atakmtal, Juvenilis 1 
BTANPweoBi Juventus 64 pataite Parma 
61b litter S8t LAda 54,- Sampdoria St Utfl- . 
nese51; Bologna 4ft Vicenza 47; Horenttaa 
M;MDan43i Ron»41;Afntafllo41,- NdpeB3ft 
Penigfa 37; CogDori 34; nacenza 34 1 Verona 
27; Reggio no 19. 

DUTCH MOT DIVISION 
Fortune Stttard 2. A|ax Amsterdam 1 
Twerrte EnchedeA NAC Breda 0 
Groaf. Daettariiem 5, Rada JC Kertuade 2 
Vitesse Amhem 1, NEC Nfynegen 1 
Waalwl|k& A2 ABunoarO 
Groningen 1, Sparta Rotterdam 2 
Vblendam 5. UtrecM 2 V 

Feyerroord 4 Heerenveen 2 ffr 

PSV Eindhoven ft Wlflem IITUburgl 
STAKUKMto PSV Bndhoven 77 points 
Feyenoard 7ft 3. Twertte Enschede 6ft AJa* 
Amsterdam 5ft Vtlesse Amhem 5& Roda JC 
Keriuade 5ft H cct enveen 5Q? Groaf. Doel- 
fnchem 4ft NAC Breda 39; Sparta Rotterdam 
3ft Fartuna Stttard 3& Vatendam 377 Gronln- . 
gen 3ft Utrecht 3ft Wfiiem II Tttniig 34 Waal- 
wflk 31; NEC Nftnegert 29; AZ ADanoar 25. 


SATURDAY, IN 8T POELTS*. AUSTRIA 
FINAL 

Marceta FFlppInl Uruguay, def. Patrick 
Ratter (7), Australia 7-6 (7-2) 6-2 


EURCV AFRICAN ZONE. GROUP 3 
SUNDAY, IN PLOVDIV, BULGARIA 
Bulgaria def. Menace 34) 

Estonia def. Moldova 2-1 
Kenya ctal Malta 2-1 
Algeria def. Cameroon 2-1 
FINAL STANlNOSc 1. Bulgaria- 2. Mono- 
cot 3. Estonia; 4. Moldova; 5. Kenyre 6. Matte 
7. Algeria; 8. Cameroon. 

Bulgaria end Monaco were promoted to 
group 2 ond Algeria Cameroon were rele- 
gated lo group 4. 


England 2, South Africa l 

WORLD CDF QVAliras 
ASMN ZONE. GROUPS 
UzheUsron ft Corobadia 0 
sTANDmaw Yemen 7palnte Uzbekistan 
ft Irutoneski ft Cambodia 1 . 

ASIAN ZONE, GROUP 7 
Singapore 1, Lebanon 2 
snumtKS: Kuwait 6 paints; Lebaion 4 
Singapore 1. 

ASUM ZONE. GROUPS 
Vietnam 1 Oilno3 
TurlmerUstan 1, TafikWon 2 
STANOMOSi Cttno 9 polnfs Tanwstan ft 
Turtunenbtan ft Vietnam 0. 

SPANISH BTCST DIVIHOM 
Bcpcelana 1 . Depanfvo Coruna 0 
Atteflco Madrid 1. Extremadura 1 
AttteTrede BlCiaa 1. Real Madrid o 
VaUadoOd a CeOo I 
Sparring &0on 2. Hercules 0 
SevBto ft Rayo vreiecana 0 
Logranesl. Oviedo l 
Compostela ft Espanyai I 
Tenerife ft Racing de Santander 2 
Zaragoza ft Real Sodedad 0 

FRBKH RUT DIVISION 
Monaco ft Names 1 
Paris SI Germain 2. Strasbourg 1 
AuteneftNicei 
Rennes 1. Bastta 3 
Le Havre 1, Bordeaux 3 
Lens o, Coen 0 
Cannes a Nancy 1 
MompeWer I, Guta gamp 0 
Metal, Lille 0 
Lyon ft Marseille 0 

rewLSTwroensi Monoco 79 points 
Parts St Germain 67; Nantes 64 Bordeaux 61 
Meta aft Airaerre 61: Bastta 61; lmxi 60; 
Strasbourg 6ft MompeWer 51; MaiseiUe eg? 
Gulngomp 44 Lens 4ft- Le Havre 4ft Carom 
41; Reimes 4ft s-Caert 37; x-Noncy3ft x-Ulle 
35; v Nice 23, 
s- relegated 

nUUNFKST DIVISION ' 

Cogriari ft Sampdoria 4 
Ftorentlna ft Reggkmao 
Inter ft NapoO 2 
Lazio 4 Verona 1 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUTE. MONDAY, MAY 26, 1997 


RAGE 19 


SPORTS 


So, Who Was Coddled? 
Jordan Shows the Heat 



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By Michael Wilbon 

Htotogw i*»5/ jwjrf 

MIAMI — You would 
think that by now Pat Riley 
has been too smart for too 
long to get into a personal duel 
with Michael Jordan in the 
playoffs. Here’s the first, the 
last and the only Jordan Rule 
that matters: Shut your mouth 
when it comes to Michael 
Jordan. Criticizing him is a 
strategy that doesn't work. 

Jordan doesn’t much like 
Riley. And Jordan is a guy 
who can turn “Good morning. 
Mike” into an unforgivable 
insult. So when Riley, the 
Great Motivator, complained 
publicly Friday that Jordan 
was benefiting from too much 
help from the refe, when he 
ft id he was going to write a 
.Jeter to the NBA and send a 
tape of Game 2 as evidence 
that Jordan was being coddled, 
well, you knew it wasn’t going 
to turn out too well for the 
coach of the Heat. 

As sure as the sun rises in 
the east, Jordan was going to 
view this as a personal affront 
and torch Riley, and that's 
exactly what happened. The 
Bulls sliced and dic*A the 
Heat 100 different ways Sat- 
urday in Game 3. but Jordan 
landed die haymakers that ef- 
fectively knocked out Riley’s 
team before halftime. The 
critical numbers: 34 points, 
14 for 25 from the field, 5 for 
5 from the line. 8 rebounds, 
great defense and a 3-0 lead 
for Chicago in this Eastern 
Conference final series. 

The next time Riley gets 
into a mood to write some- 
body, he should drop a note to 
his own team to cover his 
back. Here are some stats dial 
I explain how sorry Miami was 
Saturday: Randy Brown, 
Chicago’s 10th man. came off 
the bench and in 14 minutes 
scored more field goals (four) 
than Alonzo Mourning and 
Tim Hardaway combined. 
Mourning had one, Hardaway 
had two. Total. Totally pi- 
tiful. 

If Miami hadn't scored a 
basket with 1.8 seconds left, 
the Heat would have checked 
in with the fewest field goal 


attempts in NBA playoff his- 
tory . Chicago’s 1 2th man, Jud 
Buechler, had three times as 
many field goals as Mourn- 
ing. At the end of three quar- 
ters. Jordan and Scottie Pip- 
pen had outscored the entire 
Miami team. 51-49. 

If the Bulls, who had been 
playing at about 50 percent 
efficiency, were sleeping 
dogs, RUey should have just 
let them lie. But no. After 
making his announcement 
about the Game 2 tape. Riley 
said, “We’ve got ro beat not 
only agreai Bulls team but the 
injustice of what comes with 
championship teams. ’ * 

Here’s what Jordan heard 
from all that: “Mike can't 
beat you anymore without the 
help from the refs." 

Asked Saturday if his 
words had inspired Jordan to 
go nuts, Riley said, “I think 
he sort of takes that stuff with 
a grain of salt.” 

Well, no. He takes it like 
you threatened his family. 

About an hour before the 
game Jordan told reporters. 
“I wish he would’ve played 
me in his early days. I prob- 
ably would have scored 100 
points on him — if he got off 
the bench.” Then, Jordan ac- 
ted as if he might score 100 
with Riley on the bench as 
coach. Jordan reached 20 
early in the second quarter, 
abusing any and everybody in 
a Miami uniform. 

And the fact that Pippen. 
who scored 21 points, was 
nearly as effective made it 
impossible for the Miami de- 
fense to load up on Jordan. 

If Jordan had not been so 
bent on getting Toni Kukoc 
and Steve Kerr out of their 
slumps, he would have gone 
for 50-phis. When Jackson 
told Jordan enough was 
enough midway through the 
fourth quarter, Jordan ap- 
peared to ask for a few more 
minutes. He'd scored 34 and 
barely worked up a good 
sweaL 

Asked afterward if he was 
“aware” of Riley’s com- 
plaint. Jordan's eyebrow went . 
straight north and be said. ”Oh 
yeah, I was aware” and called 
Riley’s words “his attempt to 


manipulate the referees. ’ ' 

Jordan had incentive 
enough after scoring only 
four baskets in Game 2. 

“We had to redeem 
ourselves.” he said of himself 
and Pippen. 

Did they ever. When Pip- 
pen and Jordan play the way 
they did Saturday, there’s 
nobody out there who can 
beat the Bulls. Even with Luc 
Longley and Kerr shooting 0 
for 7 and Ron Harper playing 
just 15 minutes, the Bulls 
went on the road and beat 
Miami by 24. 

Teams go as far in the play- 
offs as their stars take them. It 
was bad enough that 
Hardaway scored only six 
points, but even worse that he 
didn’t set up his teammates 
(two assists). It was bad 
enough that Mourning had 
only one field goal, but he 
grabbed only one offensive 
rebound — Jordan had three 

— and did not block a shot all 
day. 

On the other hand, this may 
just be the start for the Bulls 

— a feel-good game for 
Jordan and Pippen, who are 
set to close this thing out 
Monday and rest up for Utah 
or Houston. 

■ Albert Is Heckled 

Marv Albert, the NBC 
broadcaster, braved a few 
hecklers and a great deal of 
media attention to broadcast 
his first NBA playoff game 
since his indictment on sex 
charges. The Associated 
Press reported from Miami. 

“I’m just focusing on the 
game. 1 hate to bring all this 
into it. you know, that’s the 
worse part of it,” he siud Sat- 
urday after his pregame show 
for Game 3 of the Eastern 
Conference finals. 

Albert, 53, is charged with 
forcible sodomy and assault 
on a 41 -year-old woman. She 
told police he bit her re- 
peatedly on the back and 
forced her to perform oral sex 
in a hotel room. 

Fans ai the Miami Arena 
saved their boos for the Bulls, 
bur there were a few fans 
screaming, * ‘Bite me, Marv! ” 
and “Marv for president!” 



High-Flying Orioles Get 
Rare Victory in Cleveland 


Jcttrry Scan The 4i!U4ai ftrti 

The Bulls* Michael Jordan driving past Alonzo 
Mourning of the Heat in the third quarter at MiamL 


Rockets Rebound Against Jazz 

Washington Post Service 

HOUSTON — The Houston Rockets trailed 2-0 to the 
Utah Jazz in the Western Conference finals but responded 
in typical fashion. The Rockets won Game 3, 1 18-100, as 
Eddie Johnson, a reserve forward, came off the bench to 
score 31 points. 

“It was one of those get-backed-into-a-comer-and 
come-out-swinging kind of games. That’s die kind of 
game we like,” said Rudy Torajanovich, Houston’s 
coach. 

After spending the first two games complaining about 
Karl Malone's flops under the basket or John Stockton’s 
picks, Houston concentrated on shooting and rebounding. 
The Rockets shot 38 and 37 percent in Gaines 1 and 2, 
made 12 of 40 3-point attempts and were outrebotmded, 
105-74. In Game 3, Houston shot 59 percent, made'12 of 
25 3-pointers, and controlled the boards, 38-30. 

Since 1 992-1 993, Tomjanovich ’s first season as coach, 
the Rockets are 1 1-2 in games in which they face playoff 
elimination. 

“I just think thar’s our character I guess it is just like 
being a boxer,” he said. “The thing that gets to me is, why 
do we have to get backed into the corner?’ ’ 


The AiUKiaieJ Press 

Rafael Palmeiro had three hits, including a 
three-run homer, and Mike Mussina got a rare 
victory over the Indians as the Baltimore 
Orioles won, 8-3. in Cleveland. 

The Orioles improved to 31-14, the best 
record in the American League, and ended 
Cleveland’s season-high six-game winning 
streak. 

Mussina (6-2 ), who had a 14. SI eamed-run 
average against the Indians last season and 

was 2-6 in his career against them, had a 
season-high nine strikeouts in seven innings. 

Mike Bordick, who was in a 1-for- 1 5 slump 
and batting .186. was 2-for-4. 

Yankees 4, Rad Sox 2 In New York, Charlie 
Hayes, starting for the second straight day 
after slumping Wade Boggs was benched, hit 
a two- run homer with one out in the ninth 
inning, as New York halted a five-game los- 
ing streak by beating Boston. 

Paul O’Neill walked with one our in the 
ninth and Hayes hit his third home run. 

The Yankees' manager. Joe Torre, had his 
team skip pregame batting practice in hopes of 
breaking the club’s current hiiting funk. 

itngote a, iiw Jwr* i Allen Watson pitched 
seven shutout innings and Darin Erstad hit an 
inside-the-park home run as Anaheim won in 
Toronto. . 

Watson gave up four singles as the Angels 
won their fourth in a row. 

AutflwrsS, T5s«rs4 Ken Hill won in his first 
stan since April 30, allowing three runs and 
four hits in six innings for Texas in Detroit. 

Billy Ripken bomered and Warren Newson 
hit a three-run double for the Rangers, who 
have won 10 of their last 15. 

twins 7, Athletics 4 Ron Cooraer drove in 
three runs for the Twins, all with help from 
Minneapolis’ domed stadium. 

His two-run double in the fourth was just a 
high fly that got lost against the off-white roof, 
and bis run-scoring single in the fifth came 
after catcher George Williams lost a pop-up 
foul in the ceiling. 

Royals ii»iiariMrs s In Kansas City, Craig 
Paquette broke out of a slump with two 
homers, including a sixth-inning grand slam as 
the Royals ended a seven-game losing streak. 

white Sox 8, Browers s In Chicago, Harold 
Baines singled to break a seventh-inning tie 
and Albert Belle extended his hitting streak to 
1 9 games wiih a two-run homer. 

In a game delayed twice by rain for a total of 
2 hours and 4 minutes, John Jaha led off the 
seventh with his 10th homer, a drive off 
Chuck McElroy that made it 6-6. Frank 
Thomas walked leading off die bottom half, 
took second on Belle's single and scored on 
Baines’s single. 

In National League games: 

Astros 7, Roddos o Darryl Kile pitched 
seven strong innings, and Jeff Bagwell and 


Craig Biggio each homened Saturday as 
Houston won in Denver. 

Kile (5-2) is 4-0 in his last five games and 
has an 0.47 ERA during that span. He limited 
Colorado to just four hits and three walks. 

Bagwell, who leads the National League in 
home runs, hit his ]6ih of the season — his 
sixth in eight games — in the first inning. 

Cardinals s. Giants 3 Andy Benes gave up 
two runs in the first inning, then settled down 
to strike out 12 as St. Louis won in San 
Francisco. Benes allowed five hits, and left 
after seven innings with an 8-2 lead. 

Benes, who began the game with only one 
hit in 11 at-bats this season, helped himself at 
the plate. He singled twice, scored two runs and 
also drove in a run with a squeeze bunt. Roy 
Lankford drove in four runs as the Cardinals 
won for the second time in eight games. 

Mats b, Ptiitiies 4 In Philadelphia. Darren 
Daulton ended the gome by grounding out 
with the bases loaded as Philadelphia's ninth- 
inning rally fell short. 

Down S-l. the Phillies came back in the 
ninth. Ruben Aroaro hit a two-out. two-run 
single off Rick Trlicek. and Mickey 
Morandini had an RBI single off Greg McMi- 
chael, making him 4-foro. 

Bernard Gilkey and Butch Huskey each 
homered and drove in two runs for the Mets. 

Expos 7, piratas 3 In Monteal, rookie Vladi- 
mir Guerrero drove in a season-high four runs 
and Jeff Juden (5-0) won his 10th straight 
decision. 

Rads 4, Cubs i Curtis Goodwin hit a three - 
run homer in the 12th inning to give Cin- 
cinnati a victory over visiting Chicago. 

Sammy Sosa's home run gave Chicago a 1 - 
0 lead. In the top of the ninth, he had another 
homer annulled when umpires reversed them- 
selves and called it foul as he rounded the 
bases. 

Dodgem ro. Braves 3 In Los Angeles. Tom 
G la vine, making his first start since becoming 
baseball's highest-paid pitcher with a S34 
million, four-year extension, was roughed up 
for five fust-inning runs. 

Ramon Martinez pitched a three-hitter for 
his first complete game since last Sept. 19. 
The right-hander struck out eight and walked 
three while ending Atlanta's seven-game win- 
ning streak and the Dodgers' six-game losing 
streak. 

Marlins 9, Padres 7 Edgar Renteria hit a 
tiebreaking double in a three-run eighth in- 
ning as the Florida won in San Diego. 

Renteria, wbo extended his hitting streak to 
nine games, drove reliever Doug Bochtler’s 
pitch into left-center field to score Jeff Canine 
for a 7-6 lead. Coaine had walked to start the 
inning. 

Motses Alou drove in Renteria with a single . 


to put die Marlins ahead. 8-6. and Bo Wry 
Bonilla followed with a run-scoring single. 

Bochtler (0-2). wbo had not allowed a run 
in 9% innings over his last eight appearances, 
gave up three runs on three hits. 


Avalanche Stays Alive With 6-0 Victory 


ONE-TO-ONE: CHALLENGE OF THE CHAMPIONS 


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The Associated Pros 

DENVER — Facing elim- 
ination and still feeling the 
sting of a 6-0 loss two nights 
earlier, the Colorado Ava- 
lanche summoned their best 
effort of the series. 

Claude Lexnieux and Joe 
Sakic each scored two goals, 
and Colorado peppered De- 
troit’s goaltender. Mike Ver- 
non, for four points in the first 

NHL Platopm 

y22 minutes as the Avalanche 
' stayed alive in die playoffs 
with a 6-0 victory Saturday 
night 

Detroit still leads the West- 
ern Conference finals* best- 
of- seven series. 3-2. 

Patrick Roy, who gave up 
five goals in the loss 
Thursday night, recorded 32 
saves this time for his 11 th 
career playoff shutout. 

Sakic also had an assist, 
and Valeri Kamensky added 
four assists. 

Vernon, wbo had limited 
the Avalanche to five goals in 
the first four games, was re- 
placed ^ ^Cnra Osgood^at 

Stephane Yelle’s goal had 
given Colorado a 4-0 lead. 

“It’s the first time in this 
series we had any emotion on 



Eka OOetfKcmen 

Colorado goalie Patrick Roy making a point on his way 
to stopping Detroit for his third shutout in the playoffs. 


our side,” said Adam Foote 
an Avalanche defenseman. 

Scotty Bowman the Red 
Wings* coach, said, “We 
didn’t go after rebounds.” 

“We didn't shoot high 
when we could have shot high. 
We didn’t screen, ff you don't 
do those three things, you 
probably come up with a 
shutout against you. And dial's 
exactly what happened,” 
be said. 


“Nine days ago, when we 
started this series, if you raid 
we would be up 3-2 and going 
home for the sixth game, it 
would have been more than 
we bargained for,” he said. 

Lemieux scored the 
game's first two goals, both 
on rebounds, and Sakic added 
another as Colorado took a 3- 
0 first-period lead. 

Early in the game, Ka- 
mensky took two shots from 


the right circle, the second 
one deflected by Sakic and 
rebounding out front to 
Lemieux, wbo punched the 
puck past Vernon at 6:46. 

After Roy twice stopped on 
the Red Wings' Darren Mc- 
Carty — on a breakaway and 
on a point-blank shot from 
rebound — Lemieux scored 
again. Sandis Ozolinsh took a 
shot just inside the blue line 
that caromed to Lemieux just 
left of the goal at 1 1 :04. It was 
Lemieux’s 13th goal of the 
playoffs, which leads the Na- 
tional Hockey League and 
ties his career high. 

Sakic made it 3-0 at 15:34. 
On a 2-on-l break with 
Lemieux, Sakic shot from the 
left circle between Vernon’s 
legs. 

Yelle scored early in the 
second period on a shot from 
the right circle after a 
turnover in the neutral zone. 

Osgood made several key 
stops before Sakic scored his 
eighth goal of die playoffs, 
skating across the slot and 
flicking a wrist shot past Os- 
good at 10:57. Scott Young 
put in his own rebound seven 
minutes later. 

Colorado was without its 
star center, Peter Forsberg, 
who suffered an injured right 
thigh in Game 4. 



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The Power Passes to Lindros as No. 1 Center 


By Joe Lapointe 

9 blew Tort Times Service 

T HE popular notion from the 
third round of the Stanley Cup 
playoffs is that a transition of 
power is taking place, that Eric 
Lindros of Philadelphia is surpassing 
Mark Messier of the New Yoric Rangers 
as the premier power center in the Na- 
tional Hockey League. 

It is true that Big 88 has more goals 
than Messier, leading him 4-1 in this 
round and by 10-3 for the tournament. 
True, Lindros delivers more hard body 
checks than Messier. True, Lindros at- 
tracts more defensive coverage than 
Messier because his shooting and 
passing skills are more dangerous. 

But it is also true that Lindros over- 
took Messier at least two yearn ago 
maybe even before that, in individual 
talent if not in charisma and leadership 
skills. Only because theirteams are play- 
& ing against each other so late in a four- 
round tournament is the shift so apparent 
to more people who don’t watch the 
sport cm a regular basis. 

Lindros underscored the transition 
Friday night with a game-winning goal 
on a long backhanded shot during a 
power play with 6.8 seconds remaining 


in Madison Square Garden. The goal 
gave the Flyers a 3-2 victory in a three- 
hour thriller and allowed them to take a 
3-1 lead in the four-of-seven-game East- 
ern Conference finals. 

In Game 3, lindros showed his su- 
periority in a symbolic way by out- 
hustling Messier to a loose puck and 
shooting it into an empty net to complete 
a three-goal hat trick. 

The presence of Messier, still checked 
by top opposing defensemen, allows 
more freedom for Wayne Gretzky, who 
has bad a brilliant postseason, with 10 
goals and eight assists. But some of 
Messier's other skills have deteriorated. 

Hisfaceoff dominance isn’t the same. 
He initi a tes fewer momentum-shifting 
collisions. He is still capable of rationing 
his intimidating moments for ideal 
times. In the previous round, his un- 
penalized cross-check to the head of 
Doug Gilmour seemed to demoralize the 
favored New Jersey Devils. 

This and many other unpenalized 
stick fouls in this tournament demon- 
strate another growing reality: the need 
for two referees, instead of one. to police 
a sport whose participants are growing 
bigger, faster and smarter while staying 
as mean as ever. 

The winning goal Friday came with 


New York's Jeff Beukeboom in the pen- 
alty box for cutting die face of John 
LeClair with a high stick. 

That may have been Beukeboom ’s 
least Intentional foul of the night. 

Earlier, be broke his stick when club- 
bing Trent Klatt in the head with an 
unpenalized cross-check. Then he felled 
Lindros with an unpenalized cross- 
check to the back. 

Also in this game: a slash by Phil- 
adelphia’s Eric Desjardins to the right 
wrist of Gretzky cost Desjardins a two- 
minute penalty and injured Gretzky. 
Larer. Gretzky retaliated with an unpen- 
alized spear to Desjardins’s midsection. 

Desjardins's slash came while killing 
a penalty, the same sort of shot Adam 
Graves used in the 1992 playoffs to 
break one of Mario Lemieux's bones. 

The stick work is worse in the other 
series between the Red Wings and die 
Colorado Avalanche. 

Frustrated by Detroit’s Igor Larionov, 
who had scored twice in Game 4, Col- 
orado's Mike Keane put him out of the 
game with a vicious hack to the back of 
legs. 

This prompted Marc Crawford, the 
Colorado coach, to leap up on the bench 
and crow to Detroirs coach, Scotty 
Bowman, “We got one of your guys!” 


Earth? 


On the evening of Sunday June 1, 
at 22.00 CET. the world will know ! 

You can see it iive and exclusively on 
Eurosport as DONOVAN BAILEY and 
MICHAEL JOHNSON meet head to head. 

The evening also features some of the 
other biggest names in the world of 
athletics in this unique One-toOne: 

Challenge cf the Champions 

Also soeTEXT page 345 








SOCCER Weekend of Champions p.1 8 BASKETBALL Jordan Takes Revenge p.l * HOCKEY Colorado Hits Back p.l 9 


World Roundup 


Darren Gough running in to 
bowl for England on Sunday. 


England Beats Tourists 


cricket Ben HoUioake. who 
had never set foot inside Lord’s 
Cricket Ground until Sunday, 
marked his England debut at crick- 
et's headquarters with 63 off 48 
balls as Australia lost the one-day 
series 3-0. 

HoUioake, bom in Australia but 
educated in England, Alec Stewart 
who hit 79. and John Crawley, with 
52, spurred England to victory with 
one over to spare in the final in- 
ternational. England won all three 
games by six wickets. 

Australia, put in to bat scored 
269 all out in 49.2 of their 50 
overs, thanks mainly to a fluent 95 
from by Mark Waugh. (Reuters) 


Bubka to Miss Challenge 


ATHLETICS Sergei Bubka, the 
world record-holder in the pole 
vault has withdrawn from the One- 
on-One Challenge of Champions in 
Toronto because of an injury. Bub- 
ka was supposed to compete against 
Okkert Brits as part of the underpaid 
of the Michael Johnson-Donovan 
Bailey 150-meter match race at the 
Skydome next Sunday. (AP) 


Costa Beats Barrage 


tennis Albert Costa withstood 
a barrage of aces from Mark Phil- 
ippoussis on Sunday to lead Spain 
to a 3-0 victory over Australia in 
the World Team Cup final in 
Duesseldorf. 


Felix MantiUa had given Spain 
1-0 lead with a 7-5, 6-2 win over 


a 1-0 lead with a 7-5, 6-2 win over 
Marie Woodforde. 

Philippoussis won the first set in 
emphatic fashion, blasting a world 
record 229-kilometer per hour 
(142 miles per hour) ace past 
Costa. The Spaniard came back to 
take the next two sets on tie-breaks, 
twice fighting off match points. 

• Steffi Graf completed her 
short build-up to the defense of her 
French Open crown by winning in 
Strasbourg. She beat die Croatian 
youngster Miijana Lucic 6-2, 7-5 
in Saturday's final. 

• Jana Novotna beat Monica 
Seles, 7-5, 6-1, Saturday in the final 
of the Madrid Open. { Reuters ) 


British Ignored Threats 


HORSE racing Britain allowed 
the rescheduled Grand National 
steeplechase to go ahead last month 
in the presence of then-Prime Min- 
ister John Major and 20.000 others 
despite IRA bomb warnings, a 
newspaper reported Sunday. 

Police partially confirmed the 
report Sunday. (Reuters) 


O’Malley Protects Staff 


baseball Peter O’Malley, the 
owner of the Los Angeles 
Dodgers, is protecting the club's 
front-office staff from being ar- 
bitrarily fired after a possible sale 
to Rupert Murdoch by providing 
personal-service contracts. It is 
the first time most of the em- 
ployees have had a contract (AP) 


Sports 


PAGE 20 


R 


MONDAY, MAY 26, 1997 


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In a Strange Year, It’s Anybody’s French Open 


International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Step right up. Don’t be 
shy. It’s never been a better year for 
betting on the French Open. 

The favorites all seem to be retiring 
from tennis, tiring of tennis, or recov- 
ering from tennis injuries. Step right up. 
No such thing as a silly gamble this year. 
Today’s long-shot could be tomorrow’s 
champion. Marcelo Rios. Amanda 
Coetzer, they could make you rich be- 
fore you know the first tiling about 
them. Hurry, hurry, tournament starts 
Monday. Who’s going to put their 
money on the most unpredictable 
French Open in years? 

“I’ll put $10 on Pete Sampras to win 
the French Open." 

Ten dollars — in this town that’ll buy 
you a thin piece of lettuce. Who’s going 
to be next in this international lottery? 
You, sir. what will it be? 

‘ Ten thousand pesetas on somebody * 
Spanish.” 

Which one, sir? There’s a lot of 
them. 

“They’re all the same co me. What’s 
the difference?” 

Well, if it's a man you’re looking for. 
you have Alex Correga, the No. 8 seed. 
Plays from the baseline, patient. Then 
there’s Carlos Moya, the No. 9, he’s 


Vantage Point / Ian Thomsin 


patient and plays from the baseline. No. 
10 Felix MantiUa. I admit to knowing 


10 Felix Mantilla, I admit to knowing 
little about him personally, but I’m told 
that he believes patience is a virtue and 
that if he had his way he would play from 
the baseline. 

Now, Alberto Costa, he’s seeded 
1 1th, I know for a fact that he likes to 


play from die baseline and that he’s 
very, very patient. As for Alberto Be- 
rasateguL No. 12, let’s say dial with him 
die pot is slow to boil but when it 
does... 

“What about the guy who won it a 
few years ago?” 

Sergi Bruguera, the 1993 and 1994 
champion, only the second Spanish man 
to have ever won the French title. He’s 
seeded 16th this year. 

“Put my 10.000 pesetas on him.’’ 

Next up! Easy, mister, please don’t 
shove the other customers. 

“Twenty thousand Deutsche marks 
on Steffi!” 

How much? 

“Twenty thousand! Twenty thou- 
sand! I want it all on Steffi Graf!” 

TWenty thousand, writing it out as 
fast as I can, twenty thousand on Steffi. 
Sign here please. 

“Wooo-eee! Steffi, Steffi, Steffi! 
Steffi never loses! ” 

Yes, madame, how may I help you? 

“Five dollars ran Pete Sampras.” 

Five dollars? Is there a recession in 
America? 

“I don’t know if he has the mind-set 
for clay, but I want him to win.” 

You, sir, with the Union Jack T-shirt. 

“One hundred twenty-seven pounds 
50 pence on Tim Henman!” 

No need to shout, not until he wins 
Wimbledon, at least Yes. young man, 
how much and on whom? 

“Andre Agassi. Make it $50.” 


I’m sorry, Mr. Agassi isn’t entered 
this year. Anybody else? 

“My second-favorite player then. 
Boris Becker.” 

Boom-Boom has gone bye-bye. He 
pulled out last week. 

“Michael Stich." 

It’s a shame he couldn’t make it 
“Jennifer Capriati?” 

Ankle injury. 


All right give me Thomas Enqvist 
weden. I think he’s seeded ninth.” 


of Sweden. I think he’s seeded ninth.” 

That he is . . . was. He seems to have 
withdrawn. 

“All right $7 on Pete Sampras then. 
You do have him?” 

I do for the moment pending his thigh 
injury of last week. Who was next? Ma- 
dame. what seems to be the problem? 

“Have you seen my husband? He’s 
been running aQ over town trying to bet 
our life savings on Steffi Graf.” Really. 

“Twenty thousand Deutsche marks. 
I’ve been trying to tell him Steffi’s not 
the same this year, she’s had a knee 
injury, but when my husband has been 
drinking there’s no talking to him.” 

Courage! Steffi has won five French 
Open titles and her top rivals are both 
hurting, too. No. 1 Martina Hingis 
hasn't played since falling from a horse 
and having knee surgery last month, and 
No. 3 Monica Seles still isn't nearly the 
player she used to be. Your husband 
might be wiser than all of us. 

“I know this is going to be the year 
some no-name wins it! Twenty-tiiou- 



Albert Costa celebrating his victory 
Sunday in the World Team Cup. 


Villeneuve 
Wins Easily 
la Spanish 
Grand Prix 


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BARCELONA — Jacques Villen- 
euve of Canada regained the leadership 
of the Formula One world drivers’ 
championship Sunday when he claimed 
a comfortable victory in the Spanish 
Grand Prix. 

Villeneuve, in a Williams car, fin- 
ished 5.8 seconds ahead of Oliver Panis 


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of France, who had started from 12th 
position on the grid. 

The victory was Villeneuve 's third of 
the year. 

It lifted him to the top of the rankings, 
ahead of Michael Schumacher of Fer- 
rari, who finished fourth Sunday at the 
Circuit de Catalunya. Jean Alesi of 
France in a Benetton was third. 

Two Britons, Johnny Herbert and 
David Coulthard, finished fifth and 
sixth. Herbert stole past Coulthard on 
the final lap of a closely contested, if 
rarely thrilling, race. 

Villeneuve had failed to finish in the 
two previous Grand Prix, in San Marino 
and Monaco. 

“It was a very pleasing day for me and 
for die whole team after what happened 
in Monaco,” be said, referring to Wil- 
liams’s disastrous selection of a dry- 
weather tire at the rainy event in Monte 
Carlo. “Afro- that stupidity it is good to 
win again. The car felt very strong and 
very last throughout the race.” 

Villeneuve started from pole position 
but was beaten to the first comer by 
Coulthard. Villeneuve recovered before 
the end of the opening lap and then 
dominated the race, except for two brief 
spells following his pit stops. 

Schumacher, who began on the 
fourth row of the grid, also started well. 
He moved into third by the first turn and 
was second at die end of the first lap, 
overtaking Coulthard. 

Heinz-Harald Frentzen of Germany 
finished eighth and failed to seme a 
point for the fifth time in the six races. 

His inconsistency is becoming a se- 
rious problem for the Williams team, 
which remains second to Ferrari, and 
needs Frentzen to gain points if it is to 










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David Coulthard, left front, jockeying with Jacques Villeneuve for the lead Sunday in the Spanish Grand Prix. 


retain the team title. 

Schumacher’s burst of speed over the 
opening five laps put him into second 
position but also blistered his first set of 
tires. He slowed down and blocked the 
rest of the field, giving Villeneuve the 
opportunity to open up a big lead. 

Villeneuve was turning laps nearly 
three seconds better than Schumacher, 
who was slowing Coulthard, Alesi and 
Mika Hakkinen behind him. 

“I knew that Michael was going to 
have trouble because in testing we knew 
he had a hard time to keep his tires more 
than five laps,” Villeneuve said. 


Villeneuve led by three seconds after 
seven laps, and by 19 seconds at the 13th 
lap during which Coulthard passed 
Schumacher. 

“The first few Japs were fun to drive, 
but then because of tire blisters the car 
was difficult to control.” Schumacher 
said. 

He had to make a pit stop after 12 
laps, far ahead of schedule. 

Villeneuve lost the lead for only a few 
seconds when he headed into the pit on 
the 20th lap but regained it immediately 
when Alesi went in on the 21sl 

On the 46th lap, Villeneuve stopped 


for tires and fuel. Schumacher held first 
as he passed the finish line, but Vil- 
leneuve was back in front by the 47tb 
and easily went on to victory. 

He built the lead back up to 20 
seconds before easing up. 

“We had a big gap, I knew there was 
no point .in pushing,” Villeneuve said. 
“It was just important not to drive too 
fast and make sure we kept the heat in 
the tires and not overrun them.” 

Villeneuve finished die 64 laps over 

.k. m - . , . * 


the Catalunya Circuit in 1 hour, 30 
minutes, 35.896 seconds, averamne 


minutes, 35.896 seconds, averaging 
124.3 miles per hour. (Reuters. AP) 


Every country has Its own AT&T Access Number which 



makes calling from France and other countries really 


easy. Just dial the AT&T Access Number for the country 





you’re calling from and you’ll get the fastest, clearest 


vv 


connections. And be sure to charge your calls on your 
AT&T Calling Card. It’ll help you avoid outrageous 


Steps to Mow when calling 
iuttmatkaaDy Eroa overseas: 


sand Deutsche marks! Are you sure you 
haven’t seen my husband?” 

Sorry! Don’t remember! Next! 

“Are you taking any bets on Tiger 
Woods?” 

To win the French Open tennis tour- 
nament? He’s a golfer. 

“Yes, I know, but he’s so great I just 
thought — ” 

Next! 

“Who are some of the other con- 
tenders who, for one reason or another, 
aren’t likely to win this year?” 

Yevgeni Kafelnikov, the defending 
champion from Russia, seeded third this 
week, has had a disastrous season after 
breaking a finger. hitting a punching bag. 
He’s already sad h wiU take a miracle 
for him to win. 

No. 5 Thomas Muster, the former 


champion, seems to be worn oul He’s 
lost six matches on clay this year, more 
than he lost in 1994 and 1995 combined. 
Even No. 2 Michael Chang has had a 
rough time lately, going out in the first 
round at Atlanta and Rome. 

As for No. 1 Sampras, in two weeks 
he could become the first man since Rod 
Laver in the 1960s to have won all four 
Grand Slam events. But he had minor 
thigh trouble last week and two weeks 
offive-set matches on die slow clay is 
murder on him. 

Between you and me, a lot of people 
are franking No. 7 Rios of Chile, or any 
of the Spaniards, or Goran Ivanisevic, 
the fourth-seeded Croatian who seems 
bound to win a Grand Slam title some- 
time in his career. Maybe you’d like td 
put your money on Jim Courier, the 
daxk-borse former champion? 

“On the women's side — tills is the 
centenary tournament for the . women, 
isn’t it?” 

It is, and it could create a new era if 
Hin gis and Graf haven’t recovered suf- 
ficiently to meet each other in die final. 
Their normal Spanish rivals, No. 6 
Arantxa Sanchez-Vicario and No. 7 
Conchita Martinez, are having poor sea- 
sons. Perhaps I mig ht interest you in No. 
10 Mary Pierce, the naturalized French- 
woman? 

“No, no bets. I’m the sprats editor. I 
just wanted to introduce some facts to 
this story.” 

You can’t come barging into my 
column like that. 

“All right, then. Give me $20 on 
Sampras.” 


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Bilbao Beats 
Real Madrid 
To Open Up 
Title Race 


CenrOeabyOurSkffFnmlXapariia 

MADRID — Athletic de Bilbao 
handed Real Madrid only its third defeat 
of tiie season Sunday and put Barcelona 
within striking distance of the league 
leader with three league games left to 
play. 

Carlos Garcia’s 56th-minute goal, 
from a comer kick that rebounded off 
several Rea] defenders, gave Athletic 
the 1-0 victory and left Real with 



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Soccer Roundup, Page 18 


only a two point lead over Barcelona, 
which beat Depoitivo 1-0 on Saturday. 

Athletic dominated until the final ten 
minutes of the match. It created nu- 
merous chances while Real rally 
threatened once, when Raul Gonzalez 
shot wide midway through the first 
half. 

Real pressed furiously in the closing & 
minutes and Roberto Carlos struck the 
right post with a free kick in the 86th 
minute. Athletic broke up several other 
attacks. 

Athletic overtook Valladolid and 
climbed into sixth place in the league. 

Depqrtivo Coruna is in third place 
one point ahead of Beds which visits 
Valencia on Monday. 

Atletico Madrid, the reigning cham- 
pion, tied 1-1 at home againsr lowly 
Extremadura and remains fifth. 

Several national champions were 
crowned across Europe over the week- 
end. 

• PSV Eindhoven won the Dutch title 
for the 14th time Sunday when it beat 
Willem II Tilburg 3-1. 

• In Belgium, Lierse clinched the 
league title with a victory in Liege on 
Sunday. 

• Bayern Munich clinched a record 
14th German title Saturday when it beat 
VfB Stuttgart 4-2 while second-place 
Bayer Leverkusen lost 4-0 to Cologne. 

• Juventns drew 1-1 at Atalanta of 
Bergamo on Friday to win a record 24th 
Italian league tide. (AP, Reuters) 


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Belgleio* 

0-898-108-10 

Franca 

.-0-886-99-0911 

Qennany 

0130-6010 

firaecaw 

00-800-1311 

Ireland 

1-890050490 


phone charges on your hotel bill and save you up to 60%? 


1 Just dis] the AT&T Access Number 
for the country you are calling fran 
2. Dial ihe phone number you're calling. 

5. Dial the calling cani number Itsaad 
abene tout name. 


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Spalno 

Sweden 

Swttzartaedw 

United Kingdom* 


172*1911 

98-022-9111 

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MIDDLE EAST ~ 

Eorot*(CalrD)t 9104298 

177-189-2727 

Saudi Arabia* 1 -888-10 

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