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The World’s Daily Newspaper 


Paris, Monday, November 10, 1997 { / ] 

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Workaday Life of Apartheid Torturer 

Police Functionary Describes the ‘Wet Bag’ and Other Horrors 

By Suzanne Daley 

New Yuri 77 mei Service 

wrong,” he testified. “If I say I at- 
tached them to his genitals. I may be 

CAPE TOWN — Jeffrey Benzien 
was one of the many minor but ef- 
fective functionaries who made 
apartheid work for South Africa’s 
white government. 

Every day, the paunchy, graying 
police officer left his home in this 
city *s tidy suburbs and went to a police 
barracks where he extracted confes- 
sions by torture. 

Mr. Benzien was particularly adept 
at the use of the “wet bag,” in which a 
cloth placed over victims’ heads 
brought them to the terrifying brink of 
asphyxiation, over and. over again. 
Few withstood more than half an 

Questioned at a hearing of South 
Africa's Truth and Reconciliation 
Commission by one of his victims, 
Peter Jacobs, Mr. Benzien said he 
simply could not recall exactly what 
he had done ro whom. 

“If I say to Mr. Jacobs I put the 
electrodes on his nose J may be 

wrong. If I say I put a probe in bis 
z. J co 

rectum, I may be wrong. J could have 
used any one of those methods.” 

As the commission continues its 
work, the brutality of South Africa’s 
past is being itemized, not in the grand 
sweep of a history book, but in the 
individual stories of victims and tor- 
turers. of murderers and mothers of the 
murdered, of high commanders who 
made their decisions over tea trays and 
foot soldiers who made theirs beside 
fresh bloodstains. 

Mr. Benzien did not have the nick- 
name “JRriroe Evil” like Eugene de 
Kock, who commanded a whole unit 
of killers but has never been pho- 
tographed doing anything more active 
than wringing his hands. The press did 
not call him a supeispy, as it does 
Craig Williamson, who mailed bombs 
in letters and earphones to anti- 
apartheid activists. 

Mr. Benzien. now 50, was just a 
middle-level officer whose only dis- 
tinction may be that he came forward 

to talk about his job as a torturer. He is 
the only member of his unit to have 
done so. Whether the others will ever 
be backed down and prosecuted re- 
mains an opeo question, as South 
Africa's justice system is already 
struggling just to deal with today’s 
crime wave. 

He has cried and confessed that he 
has no explanation for what he did — 
that he wonders what kind of a person 

can do such things. His psychiatrist. 

Jeo to testify on 

Ria Kotze, who was calk 
his behalf, has described a man who 
saw himself as a good policeman, who 
at the eod of the day went home 10 his 
family and sever discussed what he 
did at work. Nowadays, she said, he is 
full of self-loathing . and suffers 
acutely. His memory has become 
patchy. He takes anti-depressants. 

During four days before the com- 
mission. his victims took turns attack- 
ing the veracity of his amnesty ap- 
plication. which contained only the 
barest of details. In writing, Mr. Ben- 

See TRUTH, Page 7 


Brian Baxter, left, head of a United Nations weapons inspection team, 
speaking with an Iraqi surveillance officer near Baghdad on Sunday. 

Taipei Chief 
Calls Island 


But Lee's Aides Disavow 
His Defiance of Beijing 

By Keith B. Richburg 

U axhinglon Post Sr nice 

HONG KONG — Taiwan officials 
moved quickly Sunday to clarify po- 
tentially provocative statements by 
President Lee Teng-hui, made in a 
Washington Post interview in which he 
- repeatedly called Taiwan an “inde- 
■ pendent” country and said the island 
was not a province of China. 

Facing pressure to renew high-level 
talks with China, Mr. Lee took a defiant 
stand in the interview, ruling out con- 
cessions to Beijing and stating bluntly 
that Taiwan “is an independent and 
sovereign country.” The interview, 
published over the weekend, was con- 
ducted in Taipei on Thursday. 

Taipei has long said that Hs Republic 
of China government is a sovereign en- 
tity that was formally established in 1912 
in Nanjing and has existed continuously 
since then. But government officials are 
usually careful to avoid the word “in- 
dependent." which Beijing considers a 
provocative declaration of secession that 
$ could lead to war. 

y A government spokesman, David 
Lee, told journalists in Taipei on Sun- 
day, “The president had no intention 

By John E. Yang 

Uitffciii/rit'fl Ton Service 

WHfredo Lcc/The Awicuml Pr« 

Mr. Clinton at a Washington fund-raiser 
sponsored by Human Rights Campaign, where 
he pledged support for gay rights. Page 3. 

WASHINGTON — Hours before a scheduled cru- 
cial trade vote in the House of Representatives, Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton appealed for votes Sunday, saying it 
was "the right thing ’ to cry to sell more U.S. products 

At the same time, the president acknowledged that 
he might not have the support to prevail and might 
have to postpone the vote again. “If we can't get the 
votes, we'll have to regroup and try to figure out some 
other way to go forward.” he said on ' ‘Meet the Press” 
on NBC. He added that such a vote might come “either 
next week or when Congress resumes” nexr year. 

Thai was the first time he or any other admin- 
istration official had publicly discussed the possibility 
of postponing the vote, originally set for last Friday. 

But House Republican leaders, who are working 
with the president in the effort, said they would go 
ahead with the vote. 

“We are still short” of votes, said John Boehner of 
Ohio, chairman of the House Republican Conference. 
“But we think we can get there. We’re giving it 
everything we’ve got.” 

See CLINTON. Page 6 

Tokyo and Seoul: Question Marks for Global Economy 

By Velisarios Kattoulas 

International Herald Tribune 

whatsoever to support Taiwan indepen- 

dence during the entire course of the 
conversation,” according to a report by 

The foreign minister, Jason Hu, also 
said: “The country’s policy has not 

See TAIWAN, Page 7 

TOKYO — Financial markets in South Korea and 
Japan appear headed for further weakness this week as 
the turmoil sweeping Asia since the summer endures, 
analysts said Sunday. 

Once glorified as the dynamos driving the world 
economy. Japan and South Korea were battered by 
sliding financial markets last week. 

South Korea’s finance minister. Kang Kyong Shik, 
convened an emergency meeting Sunday to devise 
measures to help the sinking won and stabilize markets. 
With further pressure on the won, analysts said. South 
Korea might become the third Asian “tiger” economy 
— after Indonesia and Thailand — to ask the In- 

ternational Monetary Fund for assistance as a result of 
the turmoil triggered by the floating in July of the Thai 
baht, which quickly sank in value. 

But South Korea has denied it will seek help from 
the IMF, and during the weekend it called foreign press 
reports of its financial- crisis exaggerated.- 
“The sentiment toward South Korea is very poor 
now,” said a trader who asked not to be identified. 
“People are afraid to buy because they are worried 
things in Korea will get worse.’ ’ In addition, analysts 
said they were concerned that Japan's increasing fi- 
nancial weakness could affect the United States. 

“The situation in Japan is not very good,” said Carl 
Weinberg, an economist at High Frequency Eco- 
nomics in New York, “and if they were to find 
themselves on the verge of a domestic financial melt- 

down, it could seriously affect the world economy.” 

On Friday, the Japanese currency sank as the dollar 
touched 124 yen, its highest level in six months, 
because of mounting fears Japan could soon suffer its 
second recession in five years, and Japanese stocks 
plunged 10 their lowest levels in two years. 

The benchmark Nikkei stock average fell 697.51 
points, or 4.2 percent, to end at 15.836.36. its first close 
below 16.000 points since July 1995. 

Share prices, down 18 percent since the scan of the 
year, fell after a report that Bank of Yokohama, a major 
regional bank, planned ro sell all the stocks it owned 
over the next two to three years to try to bolster its 
balance sheet. The report — later denied — served as a 

See MARKETS, Page 6 


New Hurricane Bears Down on Mexico 

MEXICO CITY (AP) — Pacific 
Coast villages still recovering from a 
deadly bartering by a hurricane last 
month were hit Sunday by waves and 
winds from a newly formed hurricane, 
designated Rick, that was quickly bear- 
ing down on the Mexican coast. 

The Interior Ministry urged officials 
in Oaxaca and Guerrero states to take 

emergency measures ahead of rising 
waves and sustained winds of almost 
85 miles an hour. 

The storm was headed toward areas 
that were crushed last month by the 
hurricane designated Pauline, which 
killed at least 230 people in three states 
and left 300,000 people homeless — 
mostly in Oaxaca. 

' v". v-'-v, 

To Our Readers in Europe 

Because of the Nov. 11 holiday, 
there will be no postal delivery to Her- 
ald Tribune subscribers in France on 
Tuesday. Copies will be delivered 
when mail resumes the following day. 

In Belgium, there will be no service 
either by mail or by hand delivery on 
Tuesday. The missing copies will be 
delivered on Wednesday- 


NATO's Soft-Spoken Pitchman 

Page IL 

Page 11- 

Page 10, 

Pages 24-26. 



u The IHT on-line || 

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COMMANDING THE YANGTZE — Dump trucks completing a temporary dam on the Yangtze Jiiver, 
diverting it for the Three Gorges project. Bey ing hailed the huge project as a sign of C " 

Sponsor*# Snoton 

Pages 12 - 13 . 

From a Black and Whitewall World, Tires Burst Into Color 

Sponsored Suction 

Pages S 0 - 2 S- 

By John Tagliabue 

New York Times Sen-ice 

News stand Prices, 

Andorra.. ..-..10.00 FF Lebanon -^000] 

AnHtes .12^0 FF Morocco OJ 

Cameroon... i. 600 CFA Qatar-.- 

Egypt EE 5.50 Reunion l 2 -f 0 FF 

fSSL 1000 FF Saudi AffiWi -JOSR 

Gabon UOO CFA Senegal 1 «»CFA 

iSoSSJl o5 Tunisia » 

MUNICH — Red tires might be cool Ibrahim 
Mansur Ali thought But no, Aetna red clashed with the 
muted burgundy of his two-door Fiat Panda Eleganza. 

How about Nordic green? Much better. The tires 
would match the sweeping green stroke that under- 
lined the word “Eleganza’ on the side of the car. He 

went for the green. ...... 

An older generation s choice may have been limited 
io whitewalls or no whitewalls, but today’s drivers — 
in Europe, at least — may soon face a much more 
fanciful choice: what color tires to pul on their cats. 
They will, that is, if an experiment by Michelin, die 
French tiremaker. succeeds. 

Faced with a new wave of small European cars in 
bright jellv-bean colors. Michelin started this summer 
io test-market a line of small-car tires accented with 

Manufacturers Try to Match 
Carmakers 9 Rainbow Palette 

shades that it calls Aetna red. Nordic green and Rio 
yellow. What made this colorful experiment possible 
is new tiremaking technology that can create tires in 
practically any color of the rainbow. 

4 ’When 1 pull up to a red light, people ask me where 
I got them,’ ’ said Mr. Mansur Ali. an auto mechanic in 
his 30s, admiring his car’s colors like some artist 
ogling an automotive Picasso. “Black is boring.” 

Michelin will nor talk much about the reaction the 
tires are receiving in tests in Munich, Milan and Tours. 
France, nor will it decide until early next year whether to 
step up to full production of the tires, called Coraldos. 

And while a few colored tires are available in the 
United Slates, full-scale introduction seems remote. 

Mr. Mansur Ali. though, is not alone in his en- 

chantment with color. Dieter Hechf. a salesman at 
Heinrich Nabholz Auloreifen. a tire distributor in 
Munich, said that one customer had driven more than 
480 kilometers (300 miles'! from Cologne to buy four 
red tires as a birthday present for his wife. 

At Euromaster Rcifenservice. across town, a cus- 
tomer had driven from Luxembourg, about the same 
distance, for a set of green ones. “He said he read 
about them in the papers.” said Heike Sioger. who 
works at Euromaster. where more than 40 Coraldos in 
all three colors were sold in two momhs. The Coraldos 
sell for the equivalent of $82 each, she said, about 
$8.50 more than an ordinary black wall. 

Michelin is not the only tiremaker dabbling in color. 
Its approach, which allows a broad band of the tire tread 
as well as the sidewall lo be manufactured in color, is 
being matched by a less adventurous product from 

See TIRES, Pa^e 6 

U.S. Wants 
Clear Signal 
To Baghdad 
From the UN 

Saddam Stays Defiant 
On Barring Inspectors 
And Threatening U-2s 

By John F. Harris 

Wadi inch 'ii /'. n « 

Clinton Pleads for Trade Victory 

But He Doesn't Appear to Have the Votes for ‘Fast-Track' Bill 

“There are a lot of Republicans we think wc can 
convince this is too important to go down.” said the 
House majority whip. Tom DeLay. the Texas Re- 
publican who is the party’s chief vote-counter. “The 
Republican Party has always been die party of free 

Key Democrats in the House said they had “hit a 
brick wall" over the weekend in their effort to muster 
enough support for the “fast-track” legislation mea- 
sure to expand the president's treaty-making power. 

Democratic supporter s of the bill privately con- 
sidered which would be worse: to have Mr. Clinton 
acknowledge he does nor have the support lo win 
enhanced trade negotiating authority and pull the bill 
or to have the measure go down in" an embarrassing 

But John Hilley. the White House congressional 
lobbyist, reflecting the administration’s belief that it 
still can prevail, said the vote would lake place late 
Sunday as scheduled. And the House speaker. Newt 
Gingrich, a fast-track supporter, told reporters that 
regardless of the vole count. “My recommendation is 
to go for it.” 

WASHINGTON — President Bill 
Clinton said Sunday that the United 
States would seek a’ “very strong and 
unambiguous" response from the UN 
Security Council on Monday io compel 
Iraq to give free passage to a team of 
international inspectors seeking to pre- 
vent President Saddam Hussein's gov- 
ernment from developing weapons of 
mass destruction. 

Mr. Clinton, appearing on NBC’s 
"Meet the Press," said that Russia. 
France, and other Arab nations, who 
before the latest confrontation had hulked 
at U.S. efforts to tighten sanctions on 
Iraq, should now realize that they “have 
a huge stake in not allowing him to 
develop weapons of mass destruction.” 

In Baghdad. Mr. Saddam remained 
defiant. He said Sunday that Iraq faced 
the choice of a “life with dignity and 
honor.” or a "confrontation and 
everything that follows.” 

“Our decision is defensive and noi an 
attack on America.” he said. "Wc have 
either to sacrifice or become slaves." 

The Iraq crisis, which began when 
Mr. Saddam’s government insisted lute 
last month rhat Americans he removed 
from the UN Special Commission 
charged with ensuring that Iraq does not 
develop chemical, biological, or nuc [ear 
weapons programs, promises to unfold 
Monday on two fronts. 

One is in the skies over Iraq, where U- 
2 surveillance planes flown by the 
United Stales on assignment for the 
United Nations are scheduled to resume 
flying, despite threats from Baghdad that 
they risk being shot down. Mr. Clinton 

said such anempts “would be a big 


mistake” that would invite a U.S. mil 
itaiv response. “We will not tolerate his 
efforts to murder our pilots.” he said. 

But, barring such an incitement by 
Iraq. U.S. officials said Sunday that 
their efforts were focused on meetings 
this week in New York. White House 
aides have been working privately all 
weekend to ensure that Iraq was presen- 
ted with a common front at the Security 
Council, ending any hopes Mr. Saddam 
may have entertained about exploiting a 
rift among nations. 

On Sunday. Iraq banned American 
arms inspectors for the seventh con- 
secutive day from entering its weapons 
sites, and the Clinton administration has 
shed little light on what measures it 
thinks would be successful in forcing 
Iraq to let weapons inspections resume. 

“At a moment like this, it’s verv 

See IRAQ, Page 6 

Iraq Pulls Out 
Bag of Tricks 
To Frustrate 

By R. Jeffrey Smith 

fti a Sen t. • 

WASHINGTON — On Sept. 25. sev- 
eral United Nations inspectors making a 
routine visit to a food-testing laboratory 
in Baghdad decided on a whim to go to 
the back door, where they encountered 
several men leaping down the stairway 
with thick briefcases. When inspectors 

caught up. they coaxed the men into 

opening their valises. 

Several ITN officials familiar with the 
confrontation say that Diane Seaman, 
an American microbiologist who was 
leading the team, looked inside and was 
surprised to find laboratory' kits for jest- 
ing three deadly biological organisms 
that Iraq had admitted studying Tong ago 
for possible offensive use. 

The inspectors also said they found 
documents linking the tests with Iraq’s 
Special Security Organization, which is 
thought to be one of three Iraqi groups 
helping to hide data about the country’s 
illicit ballistic missile, nerve gas and 
germ weapons programs. 

Four days of questioning in Bashdad 
failed to yield what the UN ream con- 
sidered a credible Iraqi explanation, ac- 
cording to the officials, so the inspectors 
decided to push the Iraqi government: 
They set out in a convoy at night to 
conduct a sudden search of the Special 
Security Organization’s headquarters, 
where Qusay Hussein, a son of Pres- 
ident Saddam Hussein, has an office. 

Iraqi soldiers blocked their travel to 
the site and invoked a claim of pres- 
idential security lo declare the area off- 
limiis to foreigners. While Iraq depicted 
its action as a legitimate exercise of its 
sovereign rights, the UN commission 
saw it as another example of the coun- 

See BAGHDAD, Page 6 







~ji'" ■ 



Solaria’s Mission / Seeking Americans' Attention 

The Warm and Fuzzy’ Face of NATO 

By Elaine Sciolino 

New York Tima Service 

W ASHINGTON — When Javier Solana 
Madariaga, NATO’s most senior ci- 
vilian official, arrived late for a tele- 
vision interview in San Francisco last 
month, the host was already questioning a stand-in. 

The door to the hotel suite was closed A note 
pinned to the door read: “Please do not knock. 
Taping in session.” 

Mr. Solana and his entourage entered anyway. 
The interviewer told him to stop by “next time 
you’re in San Francisco' * and continued the tu ning. 
Only when the embarrassed stand-in protested was 
Mr. Solana wired up and asked a few questions. * 
So it goes for the 55-year-old Spaniard, who 
commands little notice here despite his emerging 
role as an important pitchman for why the world's 
biggest military alliance needs to get bigger. 

Mr. Solana is well known in Europe as a clever 
politician and diplomat. But in his two years as 
secretary general of the North Atlantic Treaty Or- 
ganization, he has not exactly become a household 

nam e in the United States. 

At first glance, he also seems an unlikely choice 
to help make the case to Congress and the American 

people for an expanded NATO. 

In the early 1980s, he fiercely opposed his coun- 
try’s entry into the alliance — which his Socialist 
Party considered part of a plot by the United States 
to keep its military bases on Spanish sofl. “Only 
idiots never change their opinions,’' he said later. 

But President Bill Clinton has made expanding 
NATO the centerpiece of his foreign policy, which 
he hopes to celebrate with a White House signing 
ceremony in 1999 for three new members. So (he 
administration needs to sell the idea to an indifferent 

Try as it might, it has been unable to drum up 
excitement for its NATO strategy. That has been the 
case even with help from a man like Mr. Solana, 
who hugs and kisses ambassadors and even gen- 
erals, who talks with passion about things like 
NATO's “interoperability” and who has already 
taken 120 trips to promote what he calls NATO’s 
new global mission. 

The State Department was so eager that he get 
maximum exposure during his speaking tour through 
California last month that it recommended he pose 
for pictures at Solana Beach. It also suggested that he 
tour small towns in the southern United Stales, 
campaign style, ih a rented bus painted in NATO 
colors. IBs staff rejected both ideas. 

Mr. Solana, who has never been invited to a 
Sunday morning television show, could not get 
booked on even one radio talk show in California. 
At his only news conference, in Los Angeles, three 

reporters showed up. 

ITO with warm and fuzzy feel- 

Solana is NAT 
iugs,” said Charles Kupchan, professor of inter- 
national relations at Georgetown University. He 
added: “He’s especially appropriate for the en- 
largement debate because he makes everyone feel 
included. But there’s this curious gap between the 

Ate Da SWTtr ho. Ho* Tm 

Mr. Solana looking out at San Francisco. He commands little notice in the United 
States despite his role as a key pitchman for why NATO needs to get bigger. 

administration's desire to enlist his support and the 
fact that nobody wants to pay attention.” 

Hie Clinton administration's argument that 
Europe will be a more peaceful place if NATO’s 
border moves eastward has often failed to convince. 
Although more than 60 percent of Americans sup- 
port the idea of expansion, only 10 percent can name 
even one of the countries involved — the Czech 
Republic, Hungary and Poland. 

Congress, meanwhile, wants to know not only 
what expansion will do, but also what it will cost 

A T a recent State Department meeting with 
Mr. Solana and ambassadors to NATO 
from member countries, Jeremy Rosner, 
the administration’s “ratification czar,” 
acknowledged that the administration was at least 
12 votes short of a two-thirds vote needed for Senate 
ratification, scheduled for early next year, par- 
ticipants said. 

And Mr. Solana is not always on die same 
wavelength as die United States. 

For the administration, an enlarged NATO is 
important primarily to improve the alliance's ability 
to deal with new military threats, like the next 

For Mr. Solana, who has served as both foreign 
and culture minister of Spain the rationale has more 
to do with repenting for the injustices of 20th 
century history, when half of Europe was swal- 
lowed into the Soviet bloc. 

“It has to do with justice,” he told an audience in 
San Francisco in explaining the need for NATO to 
grow. “You cannot say to these countries, ‘You will 
never be part of die family.’ We cannot continue to 
talk about Europe when we are talking about half of 

On papa:, the secretary general’s power is limited. 
But Mr. Sol 

Solana, who emerged as the compromise 
choice for the job in late 1995 after an unusually 
bitter public fight between the United States and the 
Europeans, knows how to fill vacuums. 

He has supervised the creation of military and 
political ties with former Warsaw Pact countries in 
NATO’s Partnership for Peace program. Although 
he has never said so publicly, he hm lobbied both Mr. 
Clinton and Europe’s leaders to keep NATO troops 
in Bosnia after their mandate runs out next June. 

His biggest diplomatic coup was playing deal 
maker in coaxing Moscow to agree last May to enter 
into a new partnership with NATO. 

But Mr. Solana' s charm can deceive. Even 
NATO diplomats with extraordinary sangfroid ac- 
knowledge his fiery temper can rattle than. 

As for his future, earlier this year he rejected 
entreaties to succeed Felipe Gonzalez, his close 
confidant and former bo ss, as head of Spain’s 
Socialist Party.. 

But after hisNATO term ends in 1999, he may be 
tempted to run for prime minister in the next general 
election, in 2000. 

So Mr. Solana may need the Senate to ratify 
NATO as much as the Clinton administration does. 

It will happen, he said, as long as Mr. Clinton “gets 
out and explains it — with a little bit of emotion.” 

■ Seeking a Longer Mission in Bosnia 

Mr. Solana said in an interview Sunday that he was 
certain the international community would keep 
fteacekeqnng troops in Bosnia after the current mis- 
sion’s mandate expires, Reuters reported from Bonn. 
“I am convinced that the international community 
must continue its engagement after June 1998,” he 
told the Berlin newspaper Der TagesspiegeL 

With All-News Channel 

By Tom Buerkle 

liur motional Herald Tribune 

LONDON — The British Broadcast- 
ing Carp., seeking to position itself for 
the multimedia world of the 2 1st cen- 
tury, took a major step Sunday with the 
inauguration of a 24-hour news channel 
in Britain. . 

For the BBC, whrch has been beam- 
ing its all-news BBC World channel via 
satellite to 144 countries since 1994, the 
new domestic BBC News 24 service 
finall y allows it to take on Ted Turner’s 
CNN International and Rupert Mur- 
doch’s Sky News on home ground. 

-The service also kicks on ambitious 
new progr amm ing by the pnblicly fin- 
anced broadcaster, most of it in joint 
ventures with commercial partners. 
These indpefc the start this month of four 
thtimatic subscription channels and an 
on-line news service in Britain, as well as 

assets, with 45 overseas bu- 
reaus and 13 domestic news centers, that 
will not be overstretched, they insisL-And 
the executives claim the new channel is 
simply giving viewers what they want 
The BBC has maintained a 45 percent 
share of Britain's television viewing 


growth of tactual programming, ranging 
from documentaries to real-life scries. 

By contrast, light entertainment and 


drama offerings have weakened, a point 
some BBC executives acknowledge. 

“The BBC is in an incredibly dif- 
ficult - situation, ” said Colin Luke, an 

independent producer of factual pro- 

The Associated Press 

JERUSALEM — Israeli archaeolo- 
gists said Sunday that they had un- 
covered the rock revered by Christians 
as the place where the Virgin Mary 
rested on her way to Bethlehem. 

The craggy limestone rock protrudes 
from die mosaic floor of the remains of an 
octagonal fifth century Byzantine church, 
the largest of its kind -in the Holy Land. 

The site will not be opened to pil- 
grims and tourists until excavations are 
completed. Both the Israeli government 
and die Greek Orthodox Church said 

they want to develop it as an attraction, 
but that could take years. 

The Orthodox patriarch of Jerusalem, 
Deodoius I, hailed the find Sunday as a 
“great discovery with historical, reli- 
gious and ethnic significance." 

Christians made pilgrimages to arock 
on - the Jerusalem-Bethlehem road at 
least 1,700 years ago, believing it was 
the place where the Virgin Maiy rested 
on her way to give birth to Jesus, said 
Gideon Avni, district archaeologist at 
Israel’s Antiquities Authority. 

Mr. Avni said the Church of the Kath- 

isma — “the seat" in Greek — was 
built with money donated by a rich and 
pious widow named Iqilia. The church 
and the rockit was builtaiound attracted 
generations of pilgrims, he said. 

Numerous written sources mention 
foe church and foe rock. Me. Avni said. 
Excavations show foe church was de- 
stroyed and rebuiltat least once before it 
was finally destroyed in" foe eighth or 
ninth century, he said. 

Archaeologists discovered foe 
church almost by accident during the 
widening of the main Jerusalem-! 

lehem highway. Since it was suspected 

in the vi- 

the church was somewhere 
cirri ty, foe Antiquities Authority in- 
sisted on digging exploratory trenches. 

When foe trenches were dug, the oc- 
tagonal foundations of foe church were 

Rina Avner, foe archaeologist in 
charge.of the dig, said foe church — 52 
■by 43 meters (170 by 140 feet) — was 
far Larger than two other octagonal 
churches in the Holy Land, and its mo- 
saic floors include hues not found in 
other fifth century structures. 

neb in the -United States in tandem with 
foe Discovery channel 

Hie new offerings come as the BBC 
fob week celebrates . foe 75th an- 
niversary of its first radio broadcast. 
They mark the fruition of several years 
of planning by the director-general, 
John Birt, to maintain the BBC’s audi- 
ence as media markets ate fragmented 
by everything from cable and satellite 
channels to the Internet, and, through 
commercial ventures, to reduce its de- 
pendence on public financing. 

Far from diminishing foe role of a 
public broadcaster, the proliferation of 
channels has served to strengthen the 
BBC’s sense of mission in maintaining 
high standards and providing an outlet 
for views and artistic programming that 
market farces alone will not support ’ 

“In foe confusing world of multi- 
media, the concept of foe BBC as a 
trusted guide is, we think, an important 
one,” said Colin Browne, director oF 
corporate affairs. 

But like many of foe strategic and 
managerial changes wrought by Mr. 
Birt, foe 24-hour news channel is not 
without controversy. The corporation 
has had to find savings to finance the 
£30 million ($50 million) service, and 
some insiders contend that foe cutbacks 
' have hurt other divisions, notably drama 
productions. A recent attempt to stream- 
line news management by replacing ed- 
itors of individual radio and television 
news progr am s with five super-editors 
was shelved in September after many of 
foe corporation’s top on-air presenters 
publicly protested foe plan. 

The new channel’s potential audience 
is limited; only 4 million homes in Bri- 
tain have cable television. BBC officiate 
acknowledge the news channel is likely 
to get its best ratings in fo? middle of the 
night, when news will be fed into foe 
previously dark airwaves of BBC I. 

The all-news concept itself also 
rankles many BBC veterans, who fear 
the network's reputation for incisive, in- 
depth reporting will be eroded by tire 
need to nil the airwaves 24 hours a day. 

Martin Bell, the former foreign cor- 
respondent who recently won election 
as Britain’s first independent member of 
Parliament in half a century, fears foe 
arrival of “rooftop journalism" by re- 
porters spending too much time before 
the camera to get out in foe field “It's a 
total waste of money,” he said. 

BBC executives dismiss foe criticism. 
-The corporation has unparalleled news- 

gramming. "Tlwir market 
ing to go down. They should stop feel- 
ing that they have to always compel^ 
with rrv,’’ a commercial network. . 
“They should take more risks." 

Peter Salmon, who recently left com- 
mercial television to take over as head 
of programming at BBC 1. said the 
network would have io combine sheer 
popularity with innovative programs 
that will 'hold the attraction of young 
audiences who are just as likely to seek 
entertainment on-line as on television. 

“We can. back the erudite and the 
outrageously, shamelessly popular." he 
said “We have the nursery slopes and 
the block runs. That is on unbeatable 

f V 

23 Decapitated 
At Roadblock in 
Northwest Algeria 

The. \ssnUitid Press 

ALGIERS — Attackers dis- 
guised as policemen slit foe throats 
of 23 civilians and decapitated 
them in northwestern Algeria, res- 
idents of foe region said Sunday. 

' According to a person who es- 
caped, the victims were taken from 
their cars and killed in a massacre 
between foe towns of Slissen and 
Tajmouu not fur from the border 
with Morocco, late Friday night. 

The attackers stopped cars at a 
fake police roadblock, took foe vic- 
tims out of their car, bound them 
with electrical wire and then ex- 
ecuted them by slitting their 
throats, said the escapee, who re- 
fused to be identified by name for 
fear of reprisals. 

Nobody took responsibility for 
foe massacre, which took place in a 
region that had been controlled by 
the Armed Islamic Group, the most 
violent organization trying to over- 
throw foe military-backed govern- 
ment. The violence has left tens of 
thousands dead. 

■ Day for Algeria" in France 

French film stars, humanitarian 
organizations and trade unions are 
set to stage a ‘ ‘day of solidarity ' ' on 
Monday with Algeria. Agence 
France-Presse reported from Paris. 

Organizers of “A Day for Al- 
geria” said it would represent foe 
biggest mobilization in France 
since unrest broke out five years 
ago in its former colony. 


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Bird Threat Seen at Israel Airport 

TEL AVIV (AFP) — Aviation experts warned Sunday of an 
impending air disaster at Israel’ s main airport due to migratory 
biros that are expected to flock this winter to a giant refuse 
dump near the airfield. : 

“if I were in the government, I would not sleep at night 
because of this danger,” said Yossi Leshem, an adviser to the 
Israel Airports Industry. He said tens of thousands of seagulls 
and other birds were likely to seek food at the Hirya dump near 
Ben Gurion airport, crossing foe flight paths of airaafL itecent 
evidence shows that seagulls sucked into jet engines can bring 
down even the latest four-engine jumbo jets, Mr. Leshem said 
The government has ordered the dump.closed by Jan. 1, but 
foe Environment Ministry has yet to prepare alternative sites 
and may shut the facility down in stages. 

Storm Floods Tent Camps in Italy 

ROME (AP) — Rain and high winds took a toll across Italy 
over foe weekend, flooding tent camps for earthquake victims 
and heavily damaging the Sicilian city of Agrigento. 

At least 12 people were slightly injured in Agrigento. 

In Umbria, where nearly 40,000 people fled their homes 
after a series of earthquakes starting Sept. 26, mud from heavy 
rains slowed relief work. Thousands len tents, heading back to 
quake-damaged homes or in search of a roof elsewhere. 

This Week's Holidays 

Banking and government offices will be closed or services 
curtailed in the following countries and their dependencies 
this week because of national and religions holidays: 

MONDAY: Cayman bland*. France, Maaririns. Panama, Tahiti 
TUESDAY: Angola. Belgium. R rn mirfa. Bhutan. Canada. France. French 
Guiana, Guam, Maldives, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, Poland, Puerto 
Ric o, Tah iti. United States. Virgin Islands. 

WED NESDAY: Bhutan, Taiwan. 

FRIDAY : Burma, Guinea-Bissau. Jordan.Sri Lanka. 

SATURDAY : Brazil. Sources; JP. Morgan, Reuters, Bloomberg. 












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(j , Echoing Truman on Race, Clinton Calls for Gay Rights 

By Perer Baker 

Pusi Srn ice 

WASHINGTON — A balf-cen- 
rury after President Harry Truman 
declared his commitment to civil 
rights before a largely black crowd 
at the Lincoln Memorial President 
Bill Clinton has pledged similar soli- 
darity in the battle for equal rights 
for gay and lesbian Americans. 

In the first speech by .a sitting 
president to a gay rights organiza- 
tion. Mr. Clinton consciously echoed 
Mr. Truman’s historic remarks to the 



An Everyday Miracle: 
Reunion via the Internet 

Dora Luna, a big girl, had al- 
ways felt ugly, especially along- 
side her slightly built mother. She 
told the nuns at her school in Pair 
Los Angeles that she had been 
adopted. Not so, said her mother 
Dora just looked like her father, 
who left before she was bom. 

Dora envied the girls whose fa- 
thers dropped them off at school. * ‘I 
really missed my dad,” she said , 

Now, three decades later, she has 
found him — with a simple click of 
a button. Surfing the Internet for the 
first time in her life, she found a site 
that enables computer users to 
search for people. Joining a grow- 
ing number of people who use the 
Internet to track down adopted chil- 
dren, lost lovers or old friends. Miss 
Luna typed in the name Uriel Med- 
ina. Within moments, a single ad- 

NAACP in June 1 947, which was the 
first time a president had addressed a 
black civil rights organization. 

Mr. Tmman vowed his support 
for equality for all Americans. 
“And when I say all Americans,’ 1 
he said, ‘T mean all Americans.” 

“Well, my friends.” Mr. Clinton 
said Saturday night, “all Americans 
still means all Americans.” 

By equating the gay rights move- 
ment with t he. straggle for racial 
equality, Mr. Charon risked igniting 
a backlash among conservatives and 
among some black leaders who re- 

| dress and phone number came onto 
her screen. She was dumbfounded. 

Miss Luna, a community activ- 
ist. was soon reunited with her fa- 
ther, a ranch hand from Ciudad 
Juarez. Mexico. She was delighted 
to learn he had begun looking for 
her. “It was a wonderful, beautiful 
thing to hear her voice,” he said. 
* Tt was a mitagrv, a miracle. * * 

But it also is increasingly an 
everyday miracle. The growing on- 
line availability of phone numbers 
and street as well as electronic- 
mail addresses has made the In- 
ternet a sort of global directory, 
repeats the Los Angeles Times. 

“It's definitely reducing the 
sense of finality we often have with 
relationships.” said Ph2 Agre. a 
University of California at San 
Diego communications professor. 
“Maybe we're moving more to- 
ward a norm where people don’t 
disappear forever.” 

Short Takes 

California has its hobby gold 
prospectors, but in the hills around 
Mount Pleasant. New York, itis the 
legend of Dutch Schultz’s buried 
wealth that draws the metal -detect- 

sent such comparisons. The m atter 
was so sensitive that some of the 
president ’s senior aidessaid privately 
just before the speech that Mr. Clin- 
ton had chosen to take out the Tru- 
man reference to avoid sending the 
wrong signal, a decision be appar- 
ently reversed at the last minute. 

Mr. Clinton has long embraced 
much of the gay rights agenda. His 
speech to a $300,000 fund-raiser 
sponsored by the Human Rights 
Campaign was regarded as historic 
not so much for the sentiments it 
expressed but for the simple fact of 

its delivery. The most sustained of 
many standing ovations came as he 
vowed to continue lobbying for the 
Employment Nondiscrimination 
Act, which would bar workplace 
bias based on sexual orientation. 

While he mentioned that effort, 
which failed in the Senate last year, 
he did not mention a bill be signed 
— the Defense of Marriage Act. 
aimed at preventing the legalization 
of same-sex unions. 

“Being gay, the last time I thought 
about it, seemed to have nothing to 
do with the ability to read a balance 

book, fix a broken bone or change a 
spark plug," Mr. Clinton said to wild 
applause. Firing or refusing ip hire 
people because they are gay is akin to 
discrimination txJed on race, reli- 
gion or gender, he added. *ii is 
wrong and it should be illegal." 

Despite the enthusiastic response 
he received, the speech avoided 
stronger language that some aides 
and activists hoped he would use. 
Officials denied that Mr. Clinton was 
trying to avoid controversy or that 
the speech had been toned down. ■ * It 
was never fired up." one aide said. 

Stor Lahaai'mr hi — 

CALL FOR PRAYER — Students in Sardis, Alabama, chanting 
“We want prayer” after walking out of classes to protest a court 
ruling last week limiting Alabama schools* religious activities. 

or crowd. Schultz, a ruthless gang- 
ster whose real name was Arthur 
Flegenbeimer, died a bloody death, 
gunned down in a Newark, New 
Jersey, restaurant But not long be- 
fore that, the story has it be drove 
to Phoenicia, a village in the Cai- 
skill Mountains of New York, 
where he spent some time and bur- 
ied a metal box jammed with gold, 
diamonds and $1,000 bills. 

The treasure-seekers have been 
coining for decades. Most locals 

now doubt there is anything in the 
ground But E.L. Doctorow. who 
featured Schultz in his novel 
“Billy Bathgate,” thinks the le- 
gend is at least plausible, he told 
The New York Times. 

"Stashing away cash in the De- 
pression was not such a stupid 
idea." he said, “whether you were 
a criminal or not.” 

New York City already had 
1,251 bicycle-mounted police of- 

ficers, testament to the fact that a 
bike is often the fastest way to chase 
criminals through gridlocked 
streets. But now 10 bike-riding of- 
ficers have been given the task of 
actually patrolling traffic- This re- 
flects the sense that some bicyclists 
have become a menace to he reg- 
ulated and that bicycle-mounted of- 
ficers are best equipped to police 
them. The number ot bicyclists in 
the city recently exceeded 100.000 a 
day for the fust time, up from 
SO, 000 just five years ago. and po- 
lice are ticketing them more often. 
Still, for a police officer on a bike to 
puil over a bus or a tractor-trailer rig 
would not seem easy. Not so. police 
say: You just wait until they get 
caught in traffic, or stop at a light. 

After three men tried tu rob a 
Los Angeles restaurant, police 
arrested one suspect. But the others 
seemed to have vanished. Then of- 
ficers heard a beeping from a wall 
in a passageway. The men had 
secreted themselves in a crawl 
space, which would have worked 
fine — had one of their pagers not 
given them away. 

Brian Know lion 


Seeking Solutions for Bosnia 

WASHINGTON — Although they have generally 
agreed on the need to keep U.S. troops in Bosnta- 
Herzegovina past the scheduled withdrawal date next 
June. Top administration officials still lack consensus on 
how man v of the K.5U0-member U.S. contingent — plus 
more than 22.000 other NATO-led peacekeepers — can 
be cut without jeopardizing many of the obligations that 
ihe international military force has assumed in Bosnia. 

President Bill Clinton pronounced a recent draft set of 
options as too limited and ordered his national security 
team to explore a broader range of ideas. The centra! issue, 
senior officials have said, is how to balance the desire for 
a smaller force against the reality that ensuring stability in 
Bosnia still requires a substantial internal tonal presence. 

The Pentagon has said that it cannot reduce the force by 
more than a modest amount unless current peacekeeping 
assignments are markedly narrowed. One idea that ad- 
ministration officials are studying is whether the unarmed 
international police force in Bosnia can be strengthened by 
greater European involvement to allow it to assume more 
tasks, which unuld lessen the need for U.S, and other North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization soldiers. i ll Pj 

Health Plan for Gulf ff ar Illness 

WASHINGTON — President Chnion has.miKUiiu.viJ a 
plan intended to make it easier for veterans to receive 
health care and other benefits if they are suffering front 
illnesses presumably related to service in the Gulf War, 
administration officials said. 

Tlie permanent benefits program i> designed to provide 
care even if Gulf War veterans cannot prove that their 
ailments were caused by chemical or biological exposure 
during the l 110 ! campaign against Iraq. 

Mr. Clinton also created a new. independent panel ft* 
review the government's research into the illnesses that 
have eluded explanation / M Pi 

Quote /Unquote 

Representative Christoplier Cox. the California Repub- 
lican w ho is the chief supporter of nine House bills intended 
to punish China for human rights abuses and weapons 
proliferation, the last of which was approved Friday and j 
sent to the Senjie: “There is more to our relationship lhan 
summitry and w arm expressions of goodwill.’ ’ < L\T 1 

A Squeeze on Line-Item Veto j 

House Overrides Clinton on Military Building Projects 1 


Wushingtcn Post Sen ice 

dramatic illustration of the 
limits of President Bill Clin- 
ton’s new line-item veto 

? ower, the House has voted, 
52 to 64. to override his ac- 
tion last month that trimmed 
38 mi litaiy construction proj- 
ects totaling $287 million 
from a $9.2 billion spending 
. bill. 

The override vote came 
Saturday as Congress cleared 
. the way for action on several 
other major initiatives, includ- 
ing an overhaul of the Food 
■ and Drug Administration and 
. a bill to speed the adoption of 
children in foster care. 

The White House has ac- 
knowledged that Mr. Clinton 
vetoed a half dozen or more 
military construction projects 
on the basis of erroneous De- 
fense Department informa- 
tion and promised to work to 
restore funding for many of 
. the projects in next year’s 
y budget or by other means. 

" But an impatient House 
„ joined with the Senate in de- 
manding that virtually all the 
* money be restored immedi- 

Away From 

• Florida will use $180 

million of state lottery 
profit a year over 30 
years to finance bonds 
for nearly $3 billion on 
school construction and 
repairs over the next five 
years. (NYT) 

• In the first 45 years of 
nuclear weapons pro- 
duction, the government 
failed to properly track 
the radiation exposure of 
thousands of workers, 
according to a new report 
by a private nonprofit 
group, cased on govern- 
ment documents. (NYT) 

• An air force lieuten- 

ant who had a child 
from an affair with a mar- 
ried superior officer has 
received a general dis- 
charge. (AP J 

/ n 

? si ? 1 * ■ 




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ol .-new M- COMWITtY 
mBB? "services (IRELSNDI tXD 

The OffduM M eo,Wl 

1B9Lo*« Bobs* 

Tel: + 353 1 661 8490 

Fax: +- 353 1 681 8493 

"There’s a remedy for a 
poorly used line-item veto, 
and this is it,” said Bob Liv- 
ingston, Republican of 
Louisiana and chairman of 
the House Appropriations 

After the vote. Senator 
Robert Byrd, Democrat of 
West Virginia, an ardent crit- 
ic of the line-item veto — 
which allows the president to 
veto individual items in leg- 
islation passed by Congress 
without rejecting entire bills- 
— declared, “Hurray, make 
way for liberty.” 

The Senate last month 
voted, 69 to 30, to override , 
the president’s line-item ve- 
toes in the military construe- , 
tion bill. 

With more than two-thirds 
of both chambers now having 
voted to override. Mr. Clinton ; 
has little choice but to sign the ; 
bill or face another veto over- 
ride. . | 

The line-item veto legis- 
lation that tot* effect this I 
summer is tide result of a con- 
servative movement on Cap- 
itol Hill to balance the budget 
and end wasteful spending. 

But many of the appropri- 

ators responsible for writing 
the 13 annual spending bills 
charge that the administration 
is taking lightly Congress's 
power of tiie puree. 

Last summer, Mr. Clinton 
used the authority for the first 
time to strike three relatively 
obscure provisions from the 
tax. legislation accompanying 
the balanced budget pack- 

V ** 



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With its mnddnide oxgamzahon. Valeo 
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m tntPT-narirrnal PTTv i m n mnnt 

The Corporate efo ro anmcatioria Department jo quizes 
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Ton will assist the person in charge of translations at 
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documents (financial, technical, general) published 

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experience in translation. Proficiency in another 
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This flexitime position (horn early afternoon «™hi 8 pan.) 
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International Consulting Co in Petroleum 
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Experience In W. Africa sub-region beneficial. 

Moil nSsumd and salary requirements to: 

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FAX to: 713/941-3845 USA 
e-mail toe 75102.1 570@compuservexom 




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intemattonok, active dans/e dotm&w dti 
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SI vous avez me com^ssance du terrain, ( Eng ine eri ng et 
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MULTUHSUAL 19 rear old gentonan 
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TRANSLATOR F/mcWEn^sWFrencfi . 

BUtGUAL Rath serious woman, 47, 
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Secretarial Positions Available 

ing atartfsanenl was placed on 
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Hegretnly d amficaeans receded were 
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parifiss an ariod to reappiy maldag me 
That all totters of appHcaHons 
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Fenonet assbtaot ranted for dtoman 
or anHcongjixneratB. BsoriU requte 
mate sra: h^al French - verbal end 
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travel sdwddea wortMda. BodMfiy - 
e&asm bant is tavokred so wold not 
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Reply, ntti (jpHo-datB CV and references 

tot Bat438ifr,E Long to» *C2E W 


on Page 11 


CongrabriatkiM to 
mot Setter and foot RtykscW 
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For Blair, Problem of Governing Is Doing More With Less 


h Nv 

• 1 .... 


By Dan Baiz 

HWiiawM ftin Sr rvice 

LONDON — He has declared the era 
of big government in Britain over, made 
welfare reform and education the 

1 centerpieces of his domestic agenda and 
argues that social programs should be 
based on the principles of opportunity 
and responsibility, not equality. 

. As he embarks on a mission to reform 

* the British welfare state. Prime Minister 
Tony Blair sounds, rhetorically at least, 
like President Bill Clinton’s twin — so 
much so that when Mr. Blair was host to 
Hillary Rodham Clinton at a policy 
seminar here the weekend of Nov. 1-2, 
Americans traveling with Mrs. Clinton 
were startled by what one called the 
“striking similarity” between Mr. 
Blair’s and the president's thinking. 

But six months into his government. 
Mr. Blair is still searching for policies to 
h. back up the principles. He is constrained 
’ by campaign pledges not to raise in- 
come taxes and to hold overall spending 
to levels recommended by foe previous 
Conservative govemmem — pledges he 
made to assure voters that his Labour 
Party had shed its tax-and-spend past 
Bur welfare and other benefits pro- 
grams are rising faster than any other 
segment of the budget At the same 
time, Mr. Blair faces demands for ad- 
ditional spending on education and 
health. As a result, foe prime minister 
. has sent his cabinet scrambling for an- 

New Capital 
Gets a Chilly 
Reception in 

A/f York Times Service 

AKMOLA. Kazakhstan — Ay- 
bek Nurtaev was scurrying around 
the top hotel in this nation's new 
capital foe other day, searching for 
a bathroom. 

“Welcome to Akmola," Mr. 
Nurtaev, 15, a government employ- 
ee, glumly told friends later in foe 
hotel caff. “In foe main boiel on foe 
main square of foe new capital, 
there are no working toilets.” 

In another demonstration of 
post-Soviet nationhood, Kazakh- 
stan on Saturday officially shifted 
its capital 1 *200 kilometers (750 
miles) north, from Almaty to this 
quiet city of 300,000. 

Almost everything was ready as 
President Nursultan Nazarbayev’s 
motorcade moved down Respub- 
likansky Prospekl to foe new gov- . 
emmeni complex. 

“The new capital will be foe face 
of foe Kazakh state,*' Mr. Naz- 
arbayev told a select audience of 
several hundred in a chill wind that 
at one point blew off his fur cap. 

“Ir's all a show,” said one ofMr. 
Nmtaev’s friends, Andrei Kadru- 
binsky, a builder. “The buildings 
have three sides and no back.” 

That is not precisely true. The 
shops and apanrnents on Respub- 
likansky Prospekt do have backs. 
But they look much like the rest of 
Akmola — drab and decayed. 

Expecting a windfall from Kaza- 
khstan’s vast energy reserves, Mr. 
Nazarbayev has made an early in- 
vestment in what he calls an im- 
perative shift of the capital to the 
country’s geographical center. 

He has argued that as a trans- 
portation hub. Akmola is better 
than Almaty to the south. Aides say 
Akmola will be safer than Almaty, 
which lies on a seismic fault. With 
the new capital more centrally lo- 
cated. nationalists in Moscow will 
now have difficulty stirring up the 
ethnic Russians who form a ma- 
jority in Kazakhstan's north. 

In a flurry of labor over foe last 
six months, workers have slapped 
thousands of yards of white and 
brown vinyl onto foe single band of 
shabby Soviet-era structures in a 
noble’ attempt to touch up three 
unfinished government buildings. 

Ai a cost of some $400 million, 
they have created something of a , 
Potemkin village. Siberian winds 
sweep the hundreds of kilometers | 
of surrounding steppe for 250 to 
300 days a vear, about how long I 
winter lasts here. Officials said that ' 
last year more than 100 Akmola j 
residents died because of foe cold, i 

swers to foe question of bow govern- 
ment can do mare with less. . 

This is a problem confronting left-of- 
center politics throughout Western 
Europe, as well as foe Democrats in the 
United States. Mr. Clinton and Mr. Blair 
are trying to show foe rest of the world 
that there is a "third way,” one that is 
neither a remrn to the politics of re- 
distribution nor an embrace of conser- 
vative calls for government to get out of 
the way of the markets. 

"Both Prime Minister Blair and Pres- 
ident Clinton are engaged in defining 
foe new center-left project," Patricia 
Hewjzt, a Labour member of Parlia- 
ment. said at the policy seminar. The 
goal, she said, was to define * *a new role 
for active government’': to provide edu- 
cation, training and security for people 
in a time of economic turbulence and 
“disruptive change." 

Mr. Blair's signature program to date 
is a welfare- to- work plan designed to 
move 250,000 young and long-term un- 
employed workers off foe government 
rolls and into foe work force. It is pat- 
terned on parallel efforts in foe United 
States and is seen by Blair advisers as a 
model for changing other programs. 

He also has announced plans to im- 
pose, for the first time, tuition payments 
for university students, a controversial 
policy that foe government says will 
provide some of the money needed to 
expand access to college education. 

Mr. Blair described foe principles that 

PaJ Mc£rfancflV Pit-' 

ULSTER GUARD — A British soldier ahead of a bomb disposal truck 
Sunday at Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, where an IRA bomb 10 years 
ago killed 11 people and wounded 60. Gerry Adams, head of the IRA’s 
political arm, said over the weekend be was “deeply sorry" for the attack. 

he said would guide him in a speech at foe 
Labour Party's conference this autumn. 

“Z tell you, a decent society is not 
based on rights,” he said. “It is based on 
duly — our duty to one another. To all 
should be given opportunity: from all, 
responsibility demanded.” 

But critics say Mr. Blair has moved 
slowly to flesh our the principles he 
enunciates. “Blair himself has foe son 
of big picture, but the policy details arc 
extraordinarily hazy,” said Alan Lea- 
man, a top adviser to the Liberal Demo- 
cratic Party. 

Mr. Blair's overall goal is dearly 
ambitious — nothing less than taking a 
welfare state built for the Britain of the 
\ 940s and reforming it for foe Britain of 
foe next century. Frank Field, minister 
of state with responsibility' to help 
design the framework for a new system, 
said reform was needed because foe 
rising costs of welfare were unsustain- 
able and. to the electorate, unjustifi- 

“We have mere people on low in- 
come, more people socially excluded 
than before — foe opposite of what 
traditional reasoning told you would 
happen if you had big welfare bills,” 
Mr. Field said in a recent interview. 

The welfare budget, including pen- 
sions and unemployment insurance as 
well as anti-poverty and other benefits 
programs, has grown from 1 0 percent of 
Britain's gross domestic product in 
1 978-79 to" 1 3. 1 percenr in 1 996-97. The 
number of households receiving means- 
tested benefits has doubled in that same 
period, to one in three. Spending on foe 
National Health Service, meanwhile, 
has grown more modestly, from 5.4 
percent to 6.9 percent of GDP. 

To win election, Mr. Blair embraced 
many of foe economic and labor-market 
reforms implemented by a former Con- 
servative prime minister, Margaret 
Thatcher. As Roderick Nye of foe Social 
Market Foundation, a London-based 
think tank, put it. Mr. Blair “sued for 
peace with foe 1980s," 

Paris I Vows to Make Pact Stick as French Take to Roads 

Agence F ranee -Presse 

PARIS — Die French employment 
minister pledged Sunday that the gov- 
ernment would enforce an agreement 
that ended the truckers strike last 

The minister. Marline Aubry, said foe 
government would "assume its respon- 
sibilities" and would make suns foe 
agreement was "applied." 

“I am very pleased by the quick 
solution to foe conflict,' ' she said. * 'The 
government was firm, while leaving the 
negotiators to their responsibilities and 
assuming its own." 

Prime Minister Lionel Jospin, who 
pressured both sides in the dispute to 
come to an agreement, emerged 
strengthened from his government's 
first test of labor unrest. 

Unlike foe truckers' strike in 1996 
that dragged on for 12 days, the road 
blocks lasted for just five days, and foe 
Finance Ministry said their long-term 
economic effects would be "negli- 

For the most part, traffic returned to 

normal Saturday throughout the coun- 
try, as millions of French people took to 
tire roads for a long holiday weekend. 

But many gas stations remained dry 
Saturday despite foe resumption of fuel 
deliveries. It was expected to take sev- 
eral days until foe situation returned 
entirely to normal. 

French, Portuguese and Spanish au- 
thorities lifted weekend bans on trucks 
using foe roads to speed up the recovery 
and to allow drivers to return home. 

Mrs. Aubry said the industry was 
faced by very strong competition and 
that working conditions were "very 

She pledged that foe government 
would make sure foe settlement was 

One of the main causes of foe strike, 
apart from poor working conditions, 
was employers’ failure to respect ac- 
cords negotiated a year ago after that 

The strike ended Friday after the 
main anion, the pro-Socialist Demo- 
cratic Labor Federation, the CFDT, and 

Havel Preaches to Czechs 
About Tolerating Gypsies 

Human Rights Champion Finds Work at Home 

By Jane.Periez 

New York Tunes Service 

PRAGUE — President Vaclav 
Havel, one of foe world's champions of 
human rights, has been forced to lecture 
his own people about tolerance at home 
after widespread discrimination against 
Gypsies by Czechs came into the in- 
ternational spotlight for foe second time 
in recent months. 

About 1 ,000 Gypsies from foe Czech 
Republic and Slovakia have arrived in 
foe British port of Dover in the last 
several months and asked for asylum. 
Earlier in foe year, a similar wave of 
Czech Gypsies went to Canada, also 
contending that they were victims of 
political and economic persecution at 

Because of Mr. Havel's reputation, 
outsiders often consider the Czech Re- 
public a land of harmony. Bat foe pres- 
ident knows otherwise. 

"We must explain to our citizens in a 
much more energetic and systematic 
way foe principles of the rights and 
di gni ty of man, he said recently after 
foe government adopted a plan to help 
Czech Gypsies. 

Mr. Havel, who was scheduled to go 
to London late in October for a state visit 
but who had to cancel because of illness, 
is concerned foal Britain will reinstate 
visa requirements for Czech citizens. 

Soon after Communism collapsed, 
Britain gave foe Czechs a morale boost 
by lifting foe requirement for them to 

have visas before entering Britain. To 
reimpose the old rules would be a psy- 
chological and economic setback forme 
Czech Republic, one of foe Central 
European countries seen as working 
most successfully to integrate into 
Western Europe. 

In an unusual move, Mr. Havel at- 
tended a cabinet meeting Oct. 29 held by 
Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus. During 
the session, foe long-delayed plan for 
improving the social and economic situ- 
ation of the Gypsies was adopted. 

Afterward,- Mr. Havel and the Klaus 
government appealed to Czechs in a 
formal statement to behave more rea- 
sonably toward Gypsies and asked foe 
Gypsies not to leave. 

The exodus has focused attention on 
the lack of employment, schooling and 
social opportunities for the 200,000 to 
300,000 members of foe Gypsy under- 
class here. 

All Central and Eastern European 
countries have significant numbers of 
Gypsies, and they suffer discrimination 
in most places. The Czech ambassador to 
the Council of Europe, Jiri Malenovsky , 
who criticized his government for in- 
action on the Gypsy problem, said at a 
conference held by foe council last week 
that 7 million to 12 million Gypsies were 
estimated to live in Europe. 

The Gypsies who have arrived in 
Dover have told the local authorities 
they left the Czech Republic because of 
employment discrimination and fear of 
physical attack by skinheads. 

siN* - 

< Yeltsin Hails ‘Success’ 
A As He Arrives in China 


BED1NG — President Bor- 
is Yeltsin of Russia arrived in 
China on Sunday to bury foe 
last vestiges of border hostility 
and revive stalled trade ties. 

On Monday, Mr. Yeltsin 
and the Chinese president, -fr- 
anc Zemin, are to sign a dec- 
laration on final demarcation 
of foe 4,300-kilometer 

1 2.1400-mile ) border. 

"This is a big success. 

Just a few miles of disputed 
border remain, a reminder for 
both sides of tensions that 
erupted into border dashes in 
foe 1960s when Russia and 
China vied for dominance in 
foe communist world 
Although relations have 
been steadily improving since 
foe laze J98Qs, bilateral trade 
has failed to keep pace. Two- , 
way trade this year is esti- , 
mated at $7 billion. China’s . 
trade with Japan last year i 

hu. arrival. "The border it ' The first deputy prime 
marcauon alone made of 

worth coming he - . jjemtsov, said Here Sunday 

On Tuesday, Mr. Yettsm . t h woa ld seek to promote 
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employers struck a deal. But many 
drivers and smaller unions condemned 
the pact as a sellout and vowed to con- 
tinue their protests on a smaller scale. 

Speaking in Marseille, Marc Blondel. 
leader of foe independent union Force 
Ouvriere, said Saturday foal he was 
"bitter” about foe outcome and at- 
tacked foe CFDT "for walking off the 
field when the situation was the same as 
a week ago." 

He asked: “Why send foe boys into a 
strike for a whole week to end up like 
this?” and mocked foe CFDT as having 
become "the country's official un- 

The last roadblock was removed late 
Saturday in foe Saone-et-Loire region, 
after strikers reluctantly withdrew the 
trucks that had caused chaos on 
France 's roads and angered neighboring 

France quickly returned to normal as 
deliveries began to gasoline stations and 
fuel rationing was lifted. About 40 per- 
cent of France's gasoline stations ran 
out of fuel after drivers blockaded oil 

refineries and fuel depots. 

About 180 blockades had been 
thrown up at foe height of foe strike 
begun Nov. 2. in a campaign for a 
minimum guaranteed wage and recog- 
nition of total hours worked. 

Employers said foe accord, signed 
Friday, guaranteed a minimum monthly 
and annual wage, immediate rises of 5 to 
6 percent, and a monthly salary of up to 
10.000 francs (Si. 750) for 20(3 working 
hours, to be put into effect by 2000. 

France's transport minister. Jean- 
Claude Gayssot. said he would unveil a 
bill Monday to ensure better working 
conditions for truckers. 

Germany's transport minister. Mat- 
thias Wissmann, said he would submit a 
six-point plan to the European Union to 
prevent foreign drivers from gening 
caught in a national dispute again. 

"A labor dispute should not turn into 
hostage-taking,'' Mr. Wissmann said. 
Under the German plan, EU countries 
would guarantee that foe workings of 
foe single European market would not 
be interfered with. 

Admiral Retiring. 
Russians Insist 

MOSCOW — The Defence Min- 
istry denied Sunday that the chief ol 
foe Russian Navy had been fired 
and said he had been retired tv cause 
he was more than 60 years old. 

On Saturday, the Kremlin issued a 
statement saying that President Bor- 
is Yeltsin had dismissed Admiral of 
the Fleet Felix Gromov from hi< po>t 
and from the service. 

A Statement from the Defense 
Ministry said that reports linking 
Admiral Gromov's dismissal to a 
scries of blasts ut naval ammunition 
dumps in foe Russian Far Easr “did 
not correspond to reality.” The 
statement said Admiral Gromo\ 
had reached 60 in August and had 
been recommended for an award 
“for Services io the Fatherland, 
third class.” { Renter* i 

Holbrooke Begins 

First Cyprus Visit 

NICOSIA — The U.S. presiden- 
tial envoy in Cyprus. Richard Hol- 
brooke. will visit the divided island 
Monday for the first lime since he 
was appointed in June to seek an 
end to the 25-vear dispute 

Mr. Holbrooke will talk with 
Cypriot officials and attend a joim 
meeting with Glalcos derides and 
Rauf Denktash, the leaders of the 
estranged Greek and Turkish com- 

Precisely what his talks w ill cot - 
er — foe Americans have said the 
agenda is open — remains uncer- 
tain. i Reuters i 

Museum Is Opened 
At Nazi Camp Site 

— Holocaust survivors returned 
Sunday to foe Saehsenhausen con- 
centration camp for the opening of 
a museum that duplicates condi- 
tions of their imprisonment. 

Organizers said that 60 former 
inmates came to a ceremony at the 
camp, where 2QO.OUO slave 
laborers were interned from 1 936 to 
1945. Nearly half were killed or 
perished in the camp. 

Guests booed Manfred Ctirstens. 
an Interior Ministry official, after 
his speech made no" mention of foe 
continuing problem of German 
right-wing extremism. \ Reuters > 

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Judge Grants 
U.S. Asylum 
To a German 

By Douglas Frantz 

New York Times Ser vice 

TAMPA, Florida — A federal im- 
migration judge has granted asylum to a 
. German member of the Church of Sci- 
entology who said she would be sub- 
jected to religious persecution if she had 
been required to return to her homeland, 
according to the woman's lawyer and a 
Scientology official. 

While few details of the case were 
available, it is believed to be the first 
time the United States has granted 
asylum to a Scientologist. 

The Church of Scientology bas beat, 
waging a highly public international 
campaign against what it says is dis- 
crimination against its members by the 
German government. The treatment of 
Scientologists in Germany also is a topic 
of dispute between Washington and 
Boon, which has refused to recognize 
Scientology as a religion. 

Officials at the German Embassy in 
Washington said Friday that they had not 
heard of the asylum decision and would 
have no reaction until it was confirmed. 

German officials consider Scientol- 
ogy an extremist organization dedicated 
to bilking its followers of their money. 
The government has barred Scientol- 
ogists from membership in major Ger- 
man political parties and placed the or- 
ganization under surveillance. Some 
local governments have prohibited Sci- 
entologists from holding public jobs. 

For the past four years, the U.S. State 
Department has criticized Germany’s 
treatment of Scientologists in its annual 
human-rights report. But die dry lan- 
guage of the reports did not reach a level 
thai might have been expected to justify 
granting asylum. 

An immigration court judge decided 
to approve the woman's application to 
remain in this country after a hearing in 

Officials at the State Department and 
the Immigration and Naturalization Ser- 
vice in Washington said they were on- 
aware of the case. 

John Land, an immigration lawyer in 
Tampa who represents the German 
woman, said his client was in the United 
States legally. “She voluntarily applied . 
for asylum,” Mr. Lund said, “ana the 
matter was referred to the immigration 
court by the Immigration and Natur- 
alization Service, lie court made the 
decision, based on her individual facts, 
that she should be granted asylum.' ’ 

Mr. Lund said the woman's case was 
not part of any orchestrated effort by the 
Church of Scientology to publicize its- 
claims of discrimination. “Our matter 
was totally outside of any campaign by 
the church,” he said. “This individual 
was acting solely on her own.” 

To protect relatives still in Germany, 
Mr. Lund and Scientology officials re- 
fused to disclose the woman’s name or 
where she lived. 

The asylum process is closed to the 
public for the protection of asylum- 
seekers, said Richard Kenney, a spokes- 
man for the Executive Office for Im- 
migration Review, which oversees the 
immigration courts. 

Kurt Weiland, an official with the 
Church of Scientology International, 
said a dozen German witnesses had test- 
ified at-the immigration hearing that the 
woman would face severe persecution in 
her homeland. 

“She proved her suffering, the dam- 
age she experienced emotionally and 
economically and how she was ostra- 
cized from society, all for no other rea- 
son than her religion,” be said. 

JR;. * * 


WORKOUT BEFORE DINNER — Klaus- Hartmut Riechert taking one of his twice-daily strolls with his 
170 geese near Hamburg on Sunday, exercising the birds to get them ready for Christmas tables. 

BAGHDAD: Many Tactics to Obstruct UN} 




Amid Unrest, Dominicans Face Strike 

By Lany Rohter 

New York Tuna Service 

SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Re- 
public — For months, the electrical 
power grid has been failing and the price 
of food has been rising throughout this 
Caribbean country. Protesters have been 
taking to the streets to burn tires and cars 
and throw stones and homemade bombs 
at the police. 

Now the situation appears to have 
moved into a new and potentially more 
dangerous phase. Dissatisfied with what 
they describe as the government's in- 
ability to improve living conditions and 
its unwillingness to negotiate with them, a 
coalition of union and student groups has 
called a two-day general strike this week 
that President Leooel Fernandez Reyna is 
treating as the biggest threat to stability he 
has faced during his 15 months in office. 

At least a dozen people have been 
reported killed, scores more injured, and 
hundreds have been arrested as a result 
of the wave of disturbances that bas 

erupted in more than a dozen towns 
across die country since the protests 
began. And as the blackouts continue 
and impatience grows, fears that the 
yiolence will grow are increasing. 

As Mr. Fernandez has repeatedly 
pointed out the widespread power cuts 
are not a new phenomenon, and are 
hugely a result of the corruption and lack 
of planning of previous adminis trations, 
especially those of Joaquin Balaguer Ri- 
cardo, president for all but eight of the 
last 3 1 years. 

But Mr. Fernandez promised a 
improvement, and people are 
him to his word. 

“In my neighborhood, there have 
been various times this year when we 
have gone several days without any elec- 
tricity, and we're sick of it,” said Danilo 
Correa, a 55-year-old butcher. 

The unrest has also been fed by a 
prolonged drought that has ruined crops. 
As a result, the prices of staples of the 
Dominican diet like bananas, rice and 
chicken have doubled, far outstripping 

whatever wage gains workers have been 
able to achieve. 

‘ ‘People are spending all their money 
on food, so they don't have anything left 
over for a store like this,” said Femelis 
Novas Cuevas, 43, a salesman at a down- 
town shoe store. 

Mr. Fernandez’s response has been to 
announce subsidies for basic foodstuffs. 
But prices of other goods, gasoline in 
particular, have also risen, making the 
buses and collective taxis many Domin- 
icans use to get to and from work and 
markers more costly and transforming 
drivers into militant s u pporters of the 
general strike call. 

Despite their anger, Dominicans ap- 
pear ambivalent about the strike call. 
support the demands, but not the strike 
itself,” said Joan Antonio Abren, a 33- 
year-old jeweler. “Yes, I am angry there 
has been no improvement, and yes, it is 
time for the president to assume his 
responsibility. Butina situarioa like (his, 
foe only ones who . get hurt are poor 
people like me.” 

Continued from Page I 

try's effort to hide key details of sci- 
entific research that could be related to 
its weapons of mass destruction. 

Such clashes had been occurring with 
growing frequency, even before Iraq an- 
nounced that it would bar all inspections 
that included Americans. Its declaration 
provoked a dispute with the Security 
Council that could lead to further UN 
sanctions against Iraq after the issue is 
debated in New York on Monday, U.S. 
and-UN officials say. 

In die last six months alone, at least 10 
short-notice inspections have been com- 
pletely blocked, according to a report 
Oct 1 1 by the commission to foe coun- 
cil. Over the last seven years, according 
to a tally kept by U.S. officials in Wash- 
ington, as many as half of all these 
special inspections have beat totally or 
' partly .obstructed, amoun tin g to more 
than 100 showdowns. 

The Iraqi government contends that 
the United Nations has been seeking to 
probe increasingly sensitive government 
sites at foe behest of foe CIA, which it 
alleges is collecting data on the lead- 
ership so it can make a new attempt to 
topple Mr. Saddam. 

But UN officials say that the alle- 
gation is nonsense and that Iraq is at 
worst trying to keep the commission 
from verifying that it still has a handful 
of missiles capable of flying long dis- 
tances; a stockpile of VX gas stored in 
binary munitions and sufficient dried 
spores of anthrax to kill tens of millions 
of people. 

At a minimum, the UN officials say, 
Baghdad is using foe sensitive sites to 
protea documents and equipment that 
could be used to make these weapons if 
the inspections are ever cut back. 

The officials add that either aim vi- 
olates foe cease-fire resolution that Iraq 
signed in 1991 at the end of the Gulf 
War. which gave the commission’s in- 
spectors carte blanche to go anywhere 
inside Iraq and to destroy any equipment 
or facilities they prove are associated 
with such weaponry. 

Iraq first admitted in 1995 that it had 
established a program of concealment 
for certain nuclear, germ and poison gas 
programs shortly after the war. But it 
says that it stopped this program in 1995, 
after foe brief defection to Jordan of a 
senior Iraqi official, Hussein Kamal, foe 
president’s son-in-law. 

UN officials say, however, that more 
than 1,000 Iraqi government employees 
are involved m a continuing massive 
concealment effort, undo- foe direction 
of a personal aide to Mr. Saddam. They 
further say that special rapid reaction 
military units have been permanently 

assigned to foe effort and ordered to 
• - — ■*“ or documents 


prise UN inspections — using routes 
worked out in advance. 

UN officials also say that inspectors 
have heard that those Iraqis who devise 
innovative ways to defeat monitoring 
are rewarded by the regime. 

Even if the lares crisis over the in. 
spections is resolved, this Iraqi system is 
likely to spawn continuing friction with 
foe 15 -member Security Council be- 
cause. according to the united Nations, 
Iraq's residual weapons capabilities are 
being protected by foe same security ap- 


Clear Signal Sought 

Continued from Page 1 

important that foe-president maintain .all 
.options and signal none.” Mr. Clinton 
said. "But I think that Saddam Hussein 
needs to understand that this is a serious 
business and this is not just foe president 
of foe United States.” 

“It’s foe world community,” he 

White House aides said their first re- 
sort before the Security Council would be 
sanctions, such as a prohibition on travel 
by Iraqi leaders, rather than military ac- 
tion, which would not draw support from 
enough other nations at this stage. 

* Iraqi Anti-Aircraft on Alert 

Baghdad said that its anti-aircraft sys- 
tems were on alert to shoot down “any 
hostile target,” news agencies reported 
after Mr. Saddam said Iraq was facing 
little choice but confrontation. 

* ‘Any other outcome will not lead to a 
solution that guarantees the Iraqi people 

Thr toaruard Ana 

An American U-2 reconnaissance plane of the type that Saddam Hussein has threatened to shoot down. 

an honorable life,” foe official press 
agency, IN A, quoted foe Iraqi leader as 
saying during a meeting of the Rev- 
olutionary Command Council of foe rul- 
ing Ba’ath party. 

Prime Minister Tony Blair of Britain 
wrote to Mr. Clinton on Sunday, telling 
him Britain was firmly behind me United 
States in its showdown with Iraq. And on 
Monday he plans to warn Mr. Saddam 
that he will regret it if he takes the world 

community’s desire for a peaceful solu-. 
tion as a sign of weakness. 

Mr. Clinton said he would not be 
bullied by Mr. Saddam. 

Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
bright. noting that foe U-2 planes cany 
UN markings and have UN-certified pi- 
lots, also said an attack by Iraq would be 
“a very serious mistake.” 

She said the Iraqi president must 
know that foe consternation caused by 

his actions was international in nature 
and not solely a U.S. reaction. Nev- 
ertheless, the United States will act 
alone, if necessary, she said. 

The leader of the majority Repub- 
licans in the U.S. Senate, Trent Lott, said 
Congress would support strong military 
action to get Iraq to stop blocking UN 
inspection teams even if foe United 
States acted without the backing of the 
United Nations. ( Reuters , AP, AFP ) 

and inteli 

dam considers the most competent, trust- 
worthy and immune to outside scrutiny. 

“what Iraq has been doing, and foe 
organizations it has been using, almost 
invites us to want to inspect and in- 
vestigate sites which are very close to the ' 
leadership," said Ewen Buchanan, focf 
commission’s spokesman. ■ 

“If you use die Special Security Or- 
ganization to hide this stuff and they live 
in Saddam's neighborhood, then that's 
where we are going to come.” _ 

Many of the recent inspection dis- 
putes have passed with little public no- 
tice or consequence for Iraq. In June, for 
example, UN inspectors were twice kept 
from reaching buildings in the Baghdad 
area that arc home ro Iraq's intelligence ^ 
service; there, they had hoped to find . ; 
documents related to what they allege is 5 
a major, continuing Iraqi effort to import 
viral parts for banned medium-range 
ballistic missiles. 

A U-2 spy plane, flown by a U.S. Air 
Force pilot from a base in Saudi Arabia 1 
at foe request of the UN commission, 
was able to snap photographs of Iraqi 
trucks hurriedly leaving the area. Iraqi 
officials said at the time the decision to 
hold up the inspection came “on in- 
structions from the highest authority,” a 
UN report states. 

These efforts are allegedly orches- 
trated by Abid Hamid Mokmoud. a per- 
sonal aide to Mr. Saddam, the officials 
said. They say that he presides at meet- 
ings of a concealment coordinating com- 
mittee that includes Qusay Hussein and 
the directors of various branches of the 
Special Republican Guard and the Iraqi 
secret police. 

Their responsibilities are said to hove 
been divided as follows; the committee is 
responsible for day-to-day management / 
of tne concealment effort, while the guard * 
and the police hide specific items and 
acquire additional materials overseas. 

The Special Security Organization 
has an operations center in Baghdad, for 
example, that keeps close'tabs on the UN 
commission’s activities and tries to or- 
ganize countering moves. 

Its efforts begin at the commission’s 
headquarters in Bahrain, where inspec- 
tion teams routinely stop to complete 
last-minute preparations before flying to 

The goal is apparently to determine 
what type of specialists are on foe team 
and thus obtain an early tip-off to what 
foe inspectors’ targets might be. 

Then, the moment the teams drive out 
of Baghdad in a particular direction. 

Iraqi “minders” woo tag along can be 
beam radioing ahead to facilities in that 
area to be prepared for foe visit, foe UN 
officials say. 

“We know they’re importing a lot of 
shredders ' ’ and distributing them to sen- 
sitive government installations, said 
Charles Duelfer, a U.S. diplomat on loan . 
to the commission as its deputy chair- £ 

He added that as a result of Iraq's 
increasing efforts to block foe commis- 
sion’s work, only one or two of the teams 
have been able to find any documents 
related to work on weapons of mass de- 
struction in the last year. “The offices we 
visit are often empty, having been swept 
clean moments before we arrive.” 

. t 

i « * 

: i 

TIRES: Spinning in Red, Green and Yellow 

Continued from Page 1 

Vredestein, a Dutch tiremaker. Vredes- 
tein’s tires, called Axentas, have narrower 
bands of red and yellow in die sidewall. 

Although foe Axenta comes in only 
two sizes, for subcompacts, its success 
has prompted the company to plan as 
many as six sizes for next year. 

Not everyone, of course, is convinced 
that rolling along on living color is every 
motorist’s desire. 

Although Vredestein 's Axenta has 
sold well, some Michelin dealers report 
meager sales of the Coral do and cus- 
tomer bemusement. 

Some industry experts also wonder 
whether Michelin has conquered the tech- 
nical problem of color stability. And even 
if the nues remain vibrant, will Michelin 
ever be able to match the myriad shades 
— including mauve, eggplant and fuchsia 
— of some European automakers? 

Moreover, color would turn inventory 
into a nightmare for dealers. 

Markus Burgdorf, a spokesman for 
Continental Tire in Germany, which has 
decided for foe moment against color, 
pointed to the more than 1,000 types of 
tires now on the market, “about 80 per- 
cent of them produced in small series,” 
he said. 

“Add to that four or.five or maybe 10 
different colors,” he said, “and you're 
getting pretty expensive production.” 

Still, Vredestein officials say foe Ax- 
enta has sold so well in Europe that it has 
begun shipping to the United States, 
where the company rekindled its busi- 
ness last spring after an absence of sev- 
eral years. 

Jim Breault, who owns Breault Tires 
Inc. in Kearny, New Jersey, has carried 
Vredestein ’s red and yellow sidewalls for 
about two months. Though he bas not sold 
any, he said that was only because the size 
Vredesrein sold in America was for small 
cars such as the Toyota Corolla and Nis- 
san Senna, which he said found “very 
limited use in the United States market. 
But he added, “I do think there’s a market 
for it, for people who want to spruce up 

their cars without spending.” He sells the 
Axenta for S69 each, compared with $55 
for Vredestein ’s blackwalfs. 

Some of America’s large tirexnakers 
are skeptical. Asked whether he thought 
foe future would be painted in bright 
hues, Scott Baughman, a spokesman for 
Goodyear in Akron, Ohio, replied; * The 
best people to ask are foe consumers. Are 
they willing to pay money to have tires to 
complement foe color of their cars?” 

But Chuck Slaybangh, an editor at 
Rubber and Plastics News, a trade pub- 
lication, is upbeat. American carmakers, 
he insisted, “will want to get tires to 
match foe colors of their automobiles.” 

This dabbling in color was made pos- 
sible when tiremakers found a way to 
replace a key ingredient in tires. Instead 
or relying on carbon black, essentially a 
form of soot from a controlled com- 
bustion of petroleum, in their rubber- 
based recipe, they can now substitute 
substances such as silica, which can take 
on any color. 

Still, because silica-based tires are 
more expensive to make, Michelin lim- 
ited foe use of color to the Coraldo’s 
arrow-shaped tread pattern and a broad 
sidewall stripe. By contrast, Vredestein 
says it uses polymers to make foe colored 
strip on its sidewall, which is welded to 
the rest of foe tire during curing. 

Asked whether Michelin would try the 
Coral do in foe United States, a' spokes- 
man said, “For the moment, it’s a Euro- 
pean project” Before deciding about 
full production, he said, Michelin wants 
to “have a look at who the consumers are 
and why they’re buying them.” 

“ ■ ~ tiremakers also are 

‘Meet the Press’ 
Marks 50th Year 

Agence France-Presse 

News program “Meet the Press,” 
the political forum that President 
John F. Kennedy called foe “51st 
state” and that tew put innumerable 
politicians and heads of state on foe 
spot, celebrated its 50th birthday 
Sunday with an interview with Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton and became the 
longest-running television program 
in foe world. 

A necessary stop on any Amer- 
ican's political ascent, “Meet the 
Press” has interviewed not only all 

od, but aScTsuch warLdleadenTre 
Haile Selassie, Golda Meir, Indira 
Gandhi, Ferdinand Marcos and 
Francois Mitterrand. 

Created by Lawrence Spivak, it 
provided foe first televised inter- 
view of Fidel Castro, in 1959, and 
the first interview by satellite, of 
Harold Wilson in 1965. 

CLINTON: President Appeals for More Votes for ‘Fast-Track’ Bill 1 

Continued from Page I 

Key Democratic supporters said their 
vote count had stalled at about 42 votes, 
well short of foe 70 that Mr. Gingrich, a 
Georgia Republican, had said they 
would need to win passage. Republicans 
put their vote count at between 156 and 
165. more than the 150 they had pledged 
to bring to the effort 

* ’We have the votes on our side, ” Mr. 
Gingrich said. “The Democrats are a 
little short We’re looking for the last 
few votes.” 

Mr. Clinton made yet another plea in 
his weekly radio address Saturday. 

“A ‘yes’ vote means America stays in 
the lead in fi ghting for new markets — 
foal's now at risk,” he said. “But a ’no’ 
vote says, ‘ We.don't want our country to 
negotiate lower trade barriers, ’ or 
‘We’re afraid we can’t compete, and 
we’re willing to walk away from our 
■unique world leadership at this mo- 
ment.' ” 

Opponents, who lobbied with equal 
zeal against the bill, said they were con- 

fident they would have enough votes to 
defeat Mr. Clinton's request. The House 
minority whip, David Bonior, Democrat 
of Michigan, said, “They’re 30 to 35 
votes behind, and they have to make a 
decision whether they want to pull foe 
bill or not.” 

Top administration officials, includ- 
ing the White House chief of staff, Er- 
skine Bowles, Treasury Secretary 
Robert Rubin and Commerce Secretary 
William Daley, met behind closed doors 
with House Democrats, but their effort 
was more defensive than offensive. 
They pledged, for example, not to give in 
to Republicans’ demands to compro- 
mise on U.S. funding for international 
family planning programs to win votes 
— amove that would threaten a loss of 
Democratic votes. - 

Oyer foe past week, though, admin- 
istration officials have been promising 
special attention on a variety of issues in 
hopes of securing foe votes needed to 
pass the president's measure. ' 

.Typical of the deal-making atmo- 
sphere, Representative George Radan- 

ovich, Republican of California, and 
three other members of his state del- * 
egation met last week with foe U.S. trade t - 
representative, Charlene Barshefsky, to 
discuss the upcoming vote on fast track. 

All three bad concerns about the leg- 
islation. The lawmakers told Ms. 
Barshefsky, however, that they might be 
able to offer their support in return for 
some attention to issues important to 
them. What they got were assurances 
that the Clinton administration would 
address complaints of American 
vintners over Mexican wine tariffs. 

“I was holding out my support to 
leverage some attention to rav issues.” 
said Mr. Radanovich. a vintner who 
ships about 4.000 cases of wine do- 
mestically and abroad each year. 

Mr. Radanovich is more forthcoming 
than other lawmakers, but most ac- 
knowledge that foe success of Mr. Ciin- 
tqn s fast-track proposal may hinge on 
his ability to make deals. 

“I’ve been promised 16 bridges,” . 

« House Democrat who opposes ' 
fast track. Now all I need Is a river.” * 

* p pi 


— _«jr T*' , “ v viviBVCf 1 

S “ SCOUl Start ' 

Continued from Page 1 

raise U.S. interest rates or even hamper 
U.S. economic growth. 

Referring to the Japanese economy, 
Russell Jones, chief economist at Leh- 
man Brothers in Tokyo, said, “The net 

reminder of the problems still afflicting jceiemng to me Japanese economy, the year, and many analysts insisted irwic ' w “ ,c wwn * 

Japanese financial institutions a hatf-de- Russell Jones, chief economist at Leh- only a matter of time before the won hmi«. ■ inetosomeanal y iSI ^ South 

cade after ooUapsmg land and share man Brothers in Tokyo, said, ‘The net the symbolic level of 1,000 to the doUnT , 1 ^ ,_ex J?, h ^ ge Kswrv « have 

prices caused bad debts to roar. At the result is that the whole recovery process Although the government has vowS i “I 510 b,11,on - 

however, foe report —which .was very lackluster in the first toprwentaslkle.thewonwashitbyfe^s nu^t^S^^ jl ^ has ‘ :wn - 
heightened fears of a sell-off of Japanese place — is grinding to a halt that South Korea mxeht abandon La? b H Ik . of ,ts reserves to buying 


only a matter of time 1 

the symbolic level of 1,000 

Italian tiremaker, will soon begin selling 
designer truck tires, the product of a 
competition among about 20 European 
artists and designers. The winning 
design, which goes on sale this autumn, 
has a sidewall strewn with raised sym- 
bols resembling Egyptian hieroglyphics 
that aim to tell pictomlly the story of the 
use of the wheel since primitive times. 

heightened fears of a sell-off of Japanese 
shares by banks and other financial in- 
stitutions struggling to meet international 
capital-adequacy requirements. 

Some analysts fear that share sales 
alone will fail to raise capital-adequacy 
ratios sufficiently, forcing banks to sell 

place — is grinding to a halt 
Because of the rising uncertainty, 
some economists fear that the Nikkei 
stock index could plummet and that the 
yen could faff to as lpw as 130 to the 
dollar by the end of the month. 

In Seoul, the benchmark Korea Com- 

■ A. i w ■ . « /• 11 ■ . 

~ ; m UOI UkA L U &CA1 111 OCUUl, UK UC31UU1KU& V-VUJ- 

foreign securities. They are particularly posite Stock Price Index fell 19,93 points, 
womed that Japanese banks might sell or 3.9 percent, to end half-day trading 
their vast holdings of U.S. Treasury se- Saturday at 495.70. On Friday, the index 
curuies. Japanese financial institutions plunged a record 6.9 percent to 5 1 5.63. 
are the hugest owners of U.S. Treasury On Friday; the dollar rose to a record 
issues, which means that a sell-off could high of 979.90 won from 975.00 wot 

KT MkXZ+SSEE: to huyiog 

fense of foe currency or soon ran short of imnom now - Wirtl 

foreign-exchange reserves. Since the doi- reSt $ t owiliLr " blIion 11 month 
lar rose to 900 won three months ago. weTbd^J 0 ^? 1 in “*«!» 

South Korea has repeatedly intervened^ impo^Sat fmf JU° 0ths 'y onh of 

foreign-exchange markets to prop up its 

cumScy. 6 ^ P ■» Dec. 18 « 

The central bank has repeatedly de- South KoS^nI2 I ' Cft )? n,y abwul 
fended its support of the won and has ward pressure nnrhl° my * ad ?‘ n S <town ’ 
said it has ample foreign-exchange re- raakiira^rMF and .!? tx * s antl 

serves. Accoidlng ro rhliank of Korea. lysts^T ^ l0UI morc “My. ana- 





Inside Camelot: For Talk Shows, Not Historians 

By Barry Bearak 

Nnr Ywi Times Service 

NEW YORK — “The Dark Side of 
Camelot/’ a new book by Seymour 

Iogize John F. Kennedy, portraying him 
as a reckless, often -immoral cad who 
accepted the aid of mobsters to steal the 
I960 presidential election., became ob- 
sessed with the need to assassinate Fidel 
Castro and, against his better judgment, 
steered the United States deeper into the 
Vietnam War so as not to appear weak in 

his campaign for a second term. 

Mr. Hersh’s work is a collection of 
exposes, some big, some small, rather 
than a balanced historical account. It has 
already begun to meet criticism from 
historians like Arthur Schlesinger Jr. 
and Stephen Ambrose, and Theodore 
Sorensen, who was a Kennedy special 
counsel, has termed the book “a pathet- 
ic collection of wild stories.” 

Whether it survives the scrutiny of 
scholars, the book is likely to become 
the topic of a national taUcfesu Little, 
Brown and Co., the publisher, will begin 
sales Monday with a rare same-day dis- 
tribution of 350,000 copies. A docu- 
mentary version will be broadcast on 
ABC, probably in early December, said 
a network spokeswoman. 

Mr. Hersh has extracted 35-year-old 

memories from four retired Secret Ser- 
vice agents who. on the record, tell of 
the presidential liaisons that took place, 
they say. almost daily. According to the 
book, prostitutes and female Mends 

pool as agents kept watch for any sign of 
Jacqueline Kennedy. 

The president's libido, Mr. Hersh 
writes, left him with 30 years of vener- 
eal diseases and a vulnerability to polit- 
ical blackmail. One threat, the author 
said, prompted the president to give 
General Dynamics a $6-5 billion de- 
fense contract. 

“I put in all the sex stuff because it 
goes right to his character, his reck- 
lessness, his notion of being above the 
law,” Mr. Hersh said in an interview. 

Mr. Hersh’s credibility has come un- 
der attack. He intended to use a sen- 
sational new collection of Kennedy pa- 
pers until experts found them to be a 
fraud. Last spring, NBC pulled out of a 
television deal with Mr. Hersh. ABC, 
which picked up the project, also ex- 
pressed misgivings. Mr. Hersh omitted 
the discredited documents in the book. 

A Pulitzer Prize winner for his in- 
vestigation of the My Lai massacre, Mr. 
Hersh, 60, has earned renown as a 
dogged reporter. At the same time, he 
has developed a reputation for prick- 
liness and bullying. He worked at The 

New York Times in the 1970s and re- 
turned twice on special assignments. His 
book. “The Price of Power Kissinger in 
the Nixon White House,” published in 
1983, was a best seller and won a general 

Book Critics Circle. More recent books, 
however, have not sold as well. 

"For two months, people have been 
giving me grief for what I merely 
thought about putting into the book but 
didn’t write.” Mr. Hersh said. "You 
know 1 pay the price for being me. 
People like to come after me." 

Among dozens of wide-ranging ac- 
cusations. the book contends: 

• In I960, to push his son toward the 
presidency, Joseph P. Kennedy held a 
previously unreveaied meeting with the 
Chicago mobster Sam Giancana. The 
family patriarch promised a friendly 
White House if mob-run unions would 
get out the Kennedy vote. Thai deal — 
and not, as usually stated, ballot fin- 
agling by Mayor Richard J. Daley of 
Chicago — tipped the balance for the 
decisive electoral votes of Illinois. 

• Mr. Kennedy supported a CIA plan 
to kill Fidel Castro just before the 1961 
invasion of Cuba by a brigade of Cuban 
exiles. When the assassination effort 
failed, the president decided to withhold 
crucial air support that had been prom- 
ised to the invaders, who then unknow- 

ingly went ahead with their ill-fated 
mission at the Bay of Pigs. ”A death 
sentence,” Mr. Hersh calls it 
• President Kennedy and his brother 
Robert, the attorney general, made con- 

torians have long debated if the 
Kennedys even knew of CIA assas- 
sination schemes. Mr. Hersh quotes 
Samuel Halpem, a onetime senior CIA 
official, as saying: “You don’t know 
what pressure is until you get those two 
sons of bitches laying it ou you. We felt 
we were doing things in Cuba because 
of a family vendetta and not because of 
the good of the United States.” 

• A California woman named Judith 
Campbell (now Judith Campbell Exner) 
was a friend of Mr. Giancana's and one 
of the president's lovers. In August 
1962, while the FBI watched her apart- 
ment, agents saw a break-in of her apart- 
ment by two brothers whose getaway 
car had been rented by their father, the 
chief of security at General Dynamics. 
Three months later, the defense con- 
tractor, thought to be the second choice 
to build an experimental jet fighter, won 
the huge contract. 

Norine Lyons, a corporate spokes- 
woman, said it was impossible to re- 
spond to such a dated charge of political 

• President Kennedy feared being 

tagged as the man who lost Vietnam, but 
he saw die war as unwinnable and 

g lanncd to extract U.S. forces in 1965. 

y Mr. Hersh's reckoning in the book, 
the delay was immoral, the president 
putting his re-election "ahead of the 
well-being of soldiers and civilians.” 

• Before his high-society nuptials 
with Jacqueline Bouvier, Mr. Kennedy 
was mamed to a Palm Beach socialite 
named Durie Malcolm. The couple 
stayed together barely a day. For ev- 
idence, Mr. Hersh quotes Charles Spald- 
ing, a longtime Kennedy friend who said 
he personally expunged any public re- 

Pope Presides at Rites 
Taking 3 to Sainthood ; 

Pope John Paul H concentrating 
during a beatification ceremony 
at the Vatican on Sunday for 
VOmos Apor, a bishop in Hun- 
gary who resisted both the Ger- 
mans and the Russians during 
World War H; Giovanni Battista 
Scalabrini, the Italian who foun- 
ded the Congregation of the Mis- 
sionaries of St Charles, and Sister 
Dorotea Chavez, a Mexican nun. 
Beatification is the Roman Cath- 
olic Church’s last formal step be- 
fore canonization as a saint. 

P»+> Cnuu/ftceU' 

cord of the 1947 marriage. Ms. Malcolm 
has consistently denied the report, 
which has appeared in the press from 
time to time for 50 years. 

Quotations in “Tie Dark Side of 
Camelot” are almost all fully attributed. 
The book includes material from un- 
published memoirs, newly opened FBI 
files and 14 previously unheard tapes of 
President Kennedy’s conversations. The 
chapter notes cover 16 pages, but there is 
not the rigorous footnoting favored by 

"Who wants to write a book for his- 
torians?” Mr. Hersh said. 

TRUTH: Apartheid Torturer 

Continued from Page I 

zicn admitted only to use of 
the wet-bag treatment on six 
victims and said he had 
worked alone, to make it easi- 
er to deny the torture in court 
later, if he is not granted am- 

But pressed, at times re- 
lentlessly. he admitted that he 
had used electric shocks as 
well. One victim said Mr. 
Benzien had shoved a broom- 
stick up his rectum. There 
were beatings, too, and some 
people were hung for hours 
by handcuffs attached to the 
window bars in their cells. 

Yet if much of South 
Africa has focused on Mr. 
Benzien as the ultimate tor- 
turer. his victims say he was 
only one of many officers 
who went home to their 
wives and children after 
making prisoners howl and 
writhe and beg for their 
lives. They say he gained 
prominence only because 
some of his victims are now 
prominent — one of them. 
Tony Yengeni, a member of 

Indeed, at his hearing it be- 
came clear that while Mr. 
Benzien’s victims screamed, 
other officers helped to hold 
them down or moved in and 
oui of the room indifferent to 
what was happening. Mr. 
Benzien 's story, they say, of- 
fers nothing more* than a 
glimpse into the day-to-day 
workings of the elite security 
police — who routinely used 
torture and routinely denied 
doing »o. 

Mr. Benzien remains on 
the police force, albeit releg- 
ated to an obscure job at the 
Cape Town airport. 

Mr. Benzien joined the 
force in 1977 and barely a 
year later was transferred to 
the detective branch. He soon 
went on to a murder-and-rob- 

bery squad, one of the units 
notorious for torturing ordin- 
ary criminals. In 1986. he was 
plucked to join the far more 
prestigious security branch, 
which investigated political 
activists and which, under the 
watchful eye of international 
human rights groups, tortured 
more carefully. 

To grant him amnesty, the 
panel must rule that his acts 
had a political motive and that 
he has confessed everything. 
Mr. Benzien says he was an 
enthusiastic supporter of the 
National Party, which ran the 
government, and was follow- 
ing explicit or implicit orders. 
His commanding officer also 
testified, acknowledging that 
he had known aboul Mr. Ben - 
zien’s torture sessions and 
had once helped pin a pris- 
oner down. 

His job with the security 
branch. Mr. Benzien told the 
commission, was to trace a 
person, arrest him and 
quickly get him to confess 
where weapons were hidden 
before they could be moved. 

In describing his work. Mr. 
Benzien seemed at times to 
lake pride in his accomplish- 
ments. "I believe that due to 
my expeditious and unortho- 
dox conduct." he said at one 
point, “we made a big dif- 
ference in combating ter- 

But at other times, he ex- 
pressed bitterness about the 
role he had played in the 
apartheid machinery of the 
government, which ruled un- 
til Nelson Mandela was elect- 
ed president in 1994. 

"1 can sit here and tell you 
in all honesty that I was used 
by the then security branch.” 
he said. “When it came down 
to gening the job done. I was 
the person who did iL Maybe 
I was too patriotic, too naive 
or anything else that you want 
to call it.” 

TAIWAN: Independence Cited 

Continued from Page 1 

changed. It has not changed at 
all.” He said Mr. Lee "did 
not say anything new” in his 
remarks to’ the Post. 

But Mr. Lee repeated his 
characterization of Taiwan as 
independent in a separate in- 
terview Friday with The 
Times of London. In that in- 
terview. conducted by the vet- 
eran China reporter Jonathan 
Mirskv. w ho speaks Mandar- 
in. Mr. Lee appeared to go 
even further than he did in 
talking to the Post, saying. 
"Taiwan is an independent, 
sovereign country, just like 
Britain or France.” Mr. 
Mirskv 's report was submit- 
ted to his paper over the week- 
end. and a draft was obtained 
by The Washington Post. 

’ In the Post interview. Mr. 
Lee spoke in English and used 
the word "independent" sev- 
eral limes. At one point, the 
correspondent interrupted him 
and asked him whether he 
really intended to use that 
word. Mr. Lee repeated it. in 
English, and several times 
used “Taiwan” and "ROC.” 
for Republic of China, inter- 

"Taiwan is already inde- 
pendent.” he said at one 
point. "No need to say so.” 

Speaking at the presidential 
palace in Taipei. Mr. Lev 
made it clear in the Post in- 
terview that he was in no hurry 
to see Taiwan reunify with 
China — not until China “be- 
comes free, democratic and 
has social justice.” He said 
most Taiwanese preferred the 
status quo and did nor con- 
sider Taiwan a province of 
China, as Beijing contends. 

Mr. Lee repealed an offer 
made in his inaugural address 
last vear to travel to China for 

a meeting with President Ji- 
ang Zemin. But he seemed to 
add a condition: He would go. 
he said, only if he were al- 
lowed to speak freely to av- 
erage Chinese about Taiwan's 
experience with democracy. 

*Td like to talk to the 
people” he said. “I’d like to 
make a speech. I’d like to 
speak to young university stu- 

In the Post interview and in 
answers to written questions, 
Mr. Lee touched on a variety 
of topics. He said it would be 
premature for Taiwan to lift 
its ban on direct shipping and 
air links with China, and he 
said the governing Nationalist 
Party "never offered funds, 
nor has it ever participated in 
fund-raising activities” to 
help U.S. political parties in 
recent elections. 

He also weighed in on the 
debate over whether "Asian 
values” or Western-style lib- 
eral democracy was more 
suited to .Asian countries. He 
said the talk of Asians having 
different values from West- 
erners was "nonsense.” 

But it was his comments 
about Taiwan as an "inde- 
pendent” entity that seemed 
likely to draw the wrath of 
Chinese leaders. 

"Taiwan is Taiwan.” he 
said. “We are an independ- 
ent. sovereign country.’ 

"Maybe they want us to 
say the Republic of China 
government is a province of 
China." he added. "Twenty- 
one million people don’t 
agree that Taiwan is a 
province of China.” 

Asked whether Taiwan was 
prepared to make any gesture 
to restart stalled talks with 
China, he replied; “We are 
waiting for them. We won’t 
give anything to them.” 

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New Thai Leader Asks for Time to Lighten Economic Woes 

Coasted by Our Skiff From Dapmha 

E— I DroamVAgcacc Fratex-ftoac 

Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai 
during the ceremony for his ap- 
pointment Sunday In Bangkok. 

BANGKOK — The opposition leader 
Chuan Leekpai, appointed prime min- 
ister of Thailand on Sunday, vowed to 
fix the nation’s economic woes but said 
he would need time and the people's 

‘‘The country is in crisis now and it is 
more severe than some Thais may 
think," he said at his first news con- 
ference after his appointment, adding, 
‘ ‘Please be confident that we will do our 
job with honesty and concern for the 
benefit of the people, as best as we 

Mr. Chuan said he would work 
closely with the International Monetary 
Fund in carrying ont the key conditions 
and reforms for the agency’s $17.2 bil- 
lion bailout of the Thai economy. 

Thailand has major problems in its 
finance and property sectors, and its 

currency, die baht, has plunged to record 
lows since it was floated in July. 

Mr. Chuan, leader of the opposition 
Democrat Party, became the country's 
longest-serving elected prime minister 
daring his previous term from Septem- 
ber 1992 to July 1995. 

He was flanked at the news confer- 
ence by his top two economic advisers, 
Supachai Panitchpakdi and Tanin N hu- 
man ahaeminda, who also spoke. 

Mr. Supachai and Mr. Tanin, both 
former bankers, held top economic port- 
folios in Mr. Oman's first government. 
Democrat Party sources said Mr. Tamn 
was expected to return as head of the 
Finance Ministry when the cabinet list is 
completed early this week, with Mr. 
Supachai, a former head of the central 
bank, becoming deputy prime minister 
in charge of macroeconomic affairs. 

The vow to swiftly attack die key 

problems dragging the once booming 
tiger economy toward a meltdown came 
an hour after King Bbumibol Adulyadej 
appointed the 59-year-old lawyer as the 
country’s 23d pi ime mi nister. Mr. Chuan 
succeeds Chaovalit Yongchaiyut, whose 
resignation took effect Thursday. 

Mr. Chuan is widely favored- by the 
business community and middie classes. 
Hie mere prospect of his faming a new 
government sent Thailand’s stock and 
currency markets soaring Friday. 

Mark Greenwood, managing director 
for Asia Equity T hailan d, said die busi- 
ness community regarded Mr. Chuan 
"as having by far die best team of econ- 
omists and professionals” who can 
"help son the mess.” 

Arthit Urairat, a top Democrat leg- 
islator, said the party oad accepted the 
task of forming a government with cau- 

“We really did not want it this way," 
he said, “and would have preferred an 
election with a landslide victory. But it is 
a period of crisis and we have id do 
something for the country.” 

• Mr. Chuan was able to form a gov- 
ernment after a group of lawmakers from 
the Thai Citizens Party renounced their 
support of the exiting government, giv- 
ing Mr. Chuan at least 208 votes from 
eight parties in the 393-scat Parliament. 

In large part, it was Mr- Chuan ’s repu- 
tation for moderation and responsibility 
that secured his return to the job during a 
time of crisis. 

During his first term, Mr. Chuan was 
perceived by some as a slow-moving and 
uninspiring leader. His government eol- 
lapsedafter a land scandal split his co- 
alition, but he retained a reputation for 

Mr. Chuan,. Mr. Supachai and Mr. 

Japanese Wives , Let Out Briefly by North Korea, Visit Home 

By Nicholas D. Kristof 

New Yort Tuna Service 

TOKYO — Fifteen Japanese women who 
have lived in North Korea for most of their 
adult lives arrived in Japan this weekend for a 
brief return visit, a result of an unofficial 
“wives for food” exchange between the 
coon tries. 

The women, clearly thrilled as they flew in 
to a far more modem homeland than the one 
they left nearly four decades ago, are to visit 
family members for one week. If successful, 
the exchange program may ease tensions be- 
tween Japan and North Korea and lead to 
hundreds more Japanese women in North 
Korea being allowed to return to see their 

’This is my longtime dream,” said Kim 
Kwang Ok, a Japanese woman who married 
her college sweetheart, a Korean, and moved 

with him to North Korea in 1960. “It's been 
difficult to sleep, because I ’ ve been so excited 
at the prospect of seeing my family again.” 

The 15 women are among the 1,800 Jap- 
anese women who moved to North Korea with 
their Korean husbands, mainly between 1959 
and 1963. Some were never beard from again, 
for North Korea refused to let them leave the 
country and did not usually let the relatives of 
the women into North Korea. Even corres- 
pondence has been tightly restricted. 

The plight of these women has been a sore 
>int in relations between North Korea and 
apan, which have no diplomatic ties, and now 
they are being used as a tar gaming chip. The 
unofficial arrangement seems to be that North 
Korea will let some of the wives return to 
Japan, at least for temporary visits, while 
Japan will resume food aid to Nonh Korea. 

Japan has been grudging in providing food 
to North Korea, where there are widespread 


reports of malnutrition, in part because of 
domestic ill feeling toward its belligerent. 
Communist government. Some officials hope 
that the visit by the wives will break the 
deadlock and stimulate a broader dialogue 
between the countries, eventually leading to 
normalization of relations. 

A nine-member delegation from Japan’s 
governing Liberal Democratic Party and its 
parliamentary allies is to visit North Korea 
from Tuesday to Friday for talks with North 
Korean officials, in another sign that a broader 
dialogue may be beginning. 

The home visit by the Japanese wives could 
tom into a diplomatic fiasco if some of the 
women refuse to go back to North Korea at the 
end of the week. But they seem to have been 
carefully picked, and their husbands and fam- 
ilies remain in North Korea. 

On arriving Saturday night at Narita air- 
ride Tc 

port, ontside Tokyo, four of the women went 

out of their way to express thanks to North 
Korea's ruling Workers Party for allowing 
them out. 

* T can see my brothers and sisters now, and 
I thank the Workers Party for its good work,” 
said Yoshie Arai, 64, who moved to North 
Korea with her husband in 1960. 

The Japanese press has regularly carried 
reports suggesting that the Japanese wives 
have been abysmally treated in North Korea, 
discriminated against and treated with sus- 
picion because of their association with a 
nation that is Korea’s traditional enemy. De- 
spite promises of the right to return to Japan, 
some are said by Japanese press reports to 
have been imprisoned in concentration camps 
or driven to suicide. 

But the women Saturday all seemed healthy 
— and reasonably well fed, despite North 
Korea’s food shortage — and they insisted 
that there had been no discrimination. 

Imii InuncThr Antuml Prr>> 

One of the 15 Japanese women. So Bon Myong. giving 
an interview Sunday while strolling in a Tokyo park. 

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A Show of Power on Yangtze 

Beijing Hails Immense Dam as Sign of Its Global Clout 

By Seth Faison 

|Vw York Tima Service 

ing of the river, wlwt the workmen at ihe dam 

site actually did Saturday was to complete a 

now to 

SANDOUPING, China — In a feat of 
engineering that China’s leaders turned into a 
major political event, an army of workers and 
engineers have diverted the Yangtze River 
from its natural course, clearing the way for 
construction to begin on the world’s biggest 

President Jiang Zemin came to the vast con- 
struction site here, dusty with convoys of gi- 
gantic dump trucks, to preside over a grandiose 
ceremony „ at whichhe declared that the project 
known as the Three Gorges Dana, was a sign of 
China’s emergence as a world power. 

“Blocking the Yangtze is a great moment in 
the modernization of our country,” he pro- 
claimed Saturday, noting that China's em- 
perors could only dream of taming the 
Yangtze, die third-longest river in the world. 
“It vividly proves once again that socialism is 
superior in organizing people to do big jobs.” 

The Xinhua news agency called the di- 
version “the most exciting moment for the 
Chinese people,” and hailed the dam as the 
most significant achievement in engineering 
since the Great Wall was built 2,000 years 

Although engineers on the site Saturday 
described how the dam would control floods 
that have ravaged central China fa centuries, 
they gushed even more aboat how the dam’s 
tremendous scale — - 185 meters (600 feet) 
high and more than a mile (1.6 kilometers) 
wide — represents the nation's contemporary 

By insisting on an enormous size, rather 
than building several smaller and safer dams 
as some engineers had proposed, ihe Com- 
munist Party leadership is building not just a 
dam but a political monument to itself. 

The celebration of the dam, with explo ding 
firecrackers and tooting boat horns, was clearly 
an effort to unite people behind a costly and 
controversial project by making it sound pa- 
triotic to do so. If the authorities were ex- 
aggerating the significance of the day’s event, 
none of the 5,000 onlookers seemed to object 
Although the leadership billed it as a block- 

temporary dam that diverted the river ; 
. side chan 

a side channel that opened a month ago. 

Only five years from now. when the next 
stage of the dam is complete, will the river 
flow be truly blocked and force the water level 
on the upstream side to rise. 

But the ceremony also drew attention to the 
scope of the Three Gages project, which is 

At a cost officially estimated at $25 billion. 

and likely to climb [far higher, the dam will 

create a fake 560 kilometers miles long, for- 
cing 1.2 million people to leave their homes 

and generating 18,200 megawatts of elec 
tricity, the equivalent of about 50 million tons 
of coal a year. 

China's leaders have fought off environ- 
mental concerns, so grave 'that the United 
States' Export-Import Bank declined to fi- 
nance any pan of the project, and have over 
ridden objections from protectors of countless 
cultural relics and temples on the riverbanks 
that will be submerged. 

AH public debate on the Three Gorges Dam 
has been banned by the government since 
1989, and the ceremony Saturday seemed to 
take no notice of differing opinions. It was 
held in a gigantic reviewing stand, backed b\ 
a 13.000-square-foot Chinese flag and lined 
with 14,000 potted flowers. 

As a bulldozer pushed in the last pile of 
boulders and soil that blocked the river’s flow 
at 3:30 P.M., cheers went up from engineers in 
red hard hats who had toiled day and night in 
recent months to make the deadline. 

“The damming of the Yangtze River is 
successful!” shouted Prime Minister Li Peng, 
who has been the project's most ardent sup- 

■ Diverting the river, Mr. Li said, “will 
demonstrate to the world that the Chinese 
people have the ability to build the biggest and 
most beneficial irrigation and hydroelectric 
project in the world.” 

“It is an event that not only inspires 
people,” he continued, “but demonstrates the 
greatness of the achievement of China’s de- 

, r r !.«■»< 

Tarrin said Sunday that they would nar- 
row the budget deficit “urgently" 
tackle problems involving financial 
companies, stabilize the baht increase 
experts and help restore liquidity in the 
financial sector. . 

Mr. Chuan said the baht s decline 
represented a heavy debt burden and had 
greatly damaged the private sector, 
which has borrowed abroad more than 
the government. 

“A chance for the baht to recover 
would first need a recovery of confidence, 
clear government policy and public trust 
that wc will do what we say.’ he added, 

Mr. Chuan received his royal appoint- 
ment in a ceremony at Democrat Party 

headquarters Sunday evening, less than 

. 1 .■ ... 

(AFP. Reuters. APi 


Kim Departure Widens 
Split in Korean Party 

her to her home last Wednesday morning 
and riot police barricaded an office of her 

political party to prevent her from meeting 
members of its youth wing. (AP. AFP ) 

SEpUL — President Kim Young Sam’s 
decision to quit the governing New Korea 
Party has widened a rift in the party, giving 
the opposition its best shot ever at winning 
the presidency, analysts said Sunday. 

Mr. Kim, in a nationally televised speech 
on Saturday, said he left the party to ensure 
fair elections and to concentrate on gov- 
erning the nation. He is constitutionally 
baned from seeking a second term. 

But political analysts said Mr. Kim had 
jumped into the center of a power struggle 
between -the party and its renegades, who 
have famed ihe rival New Party bv the 
People. They also said the key to victory in 
me Dec. 18 polls for the opposition leader, 
Kim Dae Jung, lay in splitting the ruling 
camp s votes. (Reuters) 

Manila's Mayor Weighs 
Running for President 

Burma Lets Dissident 
Leave Her Residence 

RANGOON — The opposition leader 
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi left her residence 
Sunday for the first time since the au- »-r . _ 

thonties prevented her from going out to tor the Rpmrd 
attend a political meeting last week. * 

paw Aung San Suu Kyi, leader of the 
National League for Democracy, went to 
attend a memorial meeting for a member of 
her party who died in suspicious circum- 
stances in prison seven years ago. 

Burma’s military government confined 

MANILA — Mayor Alfredo Lim. a 
former police chief popularly known as 
Dirty Harry," said Sunday thar he was 
senously considering running for president 
in next year’s elections. 

Mr. Lira, 68, said he was looking for a 
political party to support his candidacy in 
the May 1998 poll to chose a successor to 
President Rdel Ramos. 

. H , is announcement came as the govern- 
ing Lakus Ng Bayan party held a national 
convention here to heein the process of 
selecting its presidential candidate. At least 
eight people, including former Defense 
Secretary Rcnato dc Villa and the House of 
Representatives speaker, Jose dc Venecia 
are hoprag for Mr. Ramos’s endorsement ' 
Vice President Joseph Estrada, a former 
J?^. a . CIor famed for tough-guy roles, is 
tne lending opposition candidate, (AFP) 

Prune Minister Li Peng of China ar- 
f ™ Japa P on Tuesday for a six-da v visit 

with economics dominating ihe agenda at a 

^Pri^ Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto of 
Japan visited China m September. (AFP) 


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Israeli Throngs Honor Rabin 
And Mourn Dwindling Peace 

By Serge Schmemann 

■\'cw K»rl Times Service 

T^L AVTV — Scores of 
thousands of Israelis ruined 
out from across the country 
ere to commemorate the 
second anniversary of Yitzhak 
Rabin's assassination and to 
mourn the politics of peace 
that foundered with his death. 

The vast rally Saturday un- 
derscored a profound rift over 
whar has become known as the 
Oslo peace process, a rift that 
has only deepened since Mr. 
Rabin s death and the election 
of a Likud government under 
Prime Minister Benjamin Net- 
anyahu six months later. 

Speeches memorializing 
Mr. Rabin mingled with 
chants of “Bibi go home." 
using Mr. Netanyahu’s nick- 
name. The sole member of the 
government to attend the rally. 
Industry and Trade Minister 
Natan Sharansky, was booed 
as he came to the podium. 

The rally was held on the 
municipal square, now called 
Rabin Square, where Mr. Ra- 
bin was shot by a rightist Or- 

thodox Jew after a huge peace 
rally on Nov. 5, 1995. The 
second anniversary was Sat- 
urday, according to the Jew- 
ish calendar. Officials esti- 
mated the turnout Saturday at 
200,000. and organizers de- 
scribed it as one of the largest 
such rallies ever. 

But the mood was distinctly 
somber, reflecting a deep mal- 
aise that has settled on sup- 
porters of the Oslo process as 
it has ground almost to a hal t, 
and seems to have little chance 
of reviving anytime soon'. 

“This is my very modest 
way to protest what is hap- 
pening today,” said Michael 
Gluzman, 33, a professor of 
literature at Beercheba Uni- 
versity, explaining why he 
came to the rally. “Far me 
today this is a memorial to 
Rabin, but it is also a demon- 
stration against Bibi. 

“The unacceptable situ- 
ation, the political standstill, is 
what brought people out of 
their homes, because it appeals 
that the assassin achieved the 
political impact he was seek- 
ing," Mr. Gluzman said. 

“You cannot be terribly sad 
about the assassination and 
support Bibi. These two things 
just don't go together." 

The first to address the 
throng was Ehud Barak, the 
head of the Labor Party. “I 
promise you we will not dis- 
appoint you, and we will con- 
tinue down this road until we 
win," he declared. 

Bur the loudest cheers were 
reserved for Shimon Peres, 
Mr. Rabin’s partner in 
achieving the Oslo agree- 
ments and his successor as 
prime minister. 

“In his absence we are al- 
lowed sadness, but we must 
not despair," be said, as the 
crowd chanted, “Shimon 

“We have no other coun- 
try, and our country has no 
other path but the path of 
Yitzhak Rabin." he said. 

The -strongest emotional 
touch was supplied by Mr. Ra- 
bin's widow, Leah, who said: 
“Three gun shots and this ter- 
rible loss, but you are always 
present present for me, and 
present for all the nation." 

Prince Charles with the Duke of Edinburgh, left, and the 
Duke of York at Remembrance Dav in London on Sundav. 

Prince Charles to Move 

He Needs More Spacious London Home for Sons 

The Associated Press 

LONDON — Prince Charles 
is swapping his modest London 
apartment for a bigger home so 
ms sons can stay with him in 

Charles, who returned last 
week from a tour of southern 
Africa, plans to trade his apart- 
ment in Sl James's Palace for a 
larger five-bedroom home in the 
same complex, a spokesman said 

over the weekend. 

After their parents divorced in 
1996, Princes William. 15. and 
Harry, 13, stayed with the Prin- 
cess of Wales in her spacious 
apartment in Kensington Palace 
when they were in London. 

Since Diana's death on Aug. 
31 in a Paris car crash, the boys 
have had no permanent London 
base, and Charles has said he 
wants to be close to his children. 

Kurdish Faction Fighting ; 
Heats Up in Northern Iraq 

97 Reported Dead, and Group Says Turks Attack 

ifij .‘t AfcijS Fmi /'n/ut iW, 

ANKARA — Fighting between wo 
rival Kurdish factions in northern Iraq 
escalated Sunday, with unconfirmed re- 
ports of casualties reaching 97. 

The clashes occurred near the stra- 
tegic town of Degala, a spokesman for 
one of the groups said. Both sides were 
using heavy artillery, Shazad Saib of tire 
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan said. De- 
gala lies 30 kilometers (20 miles ) south- 
east of the regional capital. Arbil. 

Mr. Saib repeated his group's claims 
that Turkish jets were bombing their 
positions in support of the rival Kur- 
distan Democratic Party. 

The Kurdistan Democratic Party's ra- 
dio. monitored by the Anatolian News 
Agency, said 67 Patriotic Union of Kur- 
distan fighters were killed in recent 
fighting at several fronts. The Union's 
radio station, also monitored by Anato- 
lian. said 30 rival guerrillas were killed. 

Dilshad Miran, a spokesman for the 
Kurdistan Democratic Party, said its 
forces had advanced 15 to 20 kilometers 
toward the towns of Hiran and Naz- 

Mr. Saib said Turkish tanks were 
south of .Arbil. providing artillery backup 
for the Kurdistan Democratic Party. 

“This is the deepest incursion ever by 
the Turkish military' into Iraqi Kur- 
distan." Mr. Saib said. 

.Arbil is 200 kilometers south of ihc 
Turkish border. ’ 

Thousands of Turkish troops, bucked 
by tanks and air power, have carried out 
large-scale operations in northern Iraq in ^ 
the last few years agaiast Turkish Kurd- : 
ish rebels who have bases there. But-' 
none of the past incursions exceeded 50 

Turkey announced recently it would 
maintain a regular troop presence in ihe - 
Kurdish enclave, which has been under t 
the protection of a U.S.-led air torce, 
since the Gulf War. 

Neighboring Iran and Syria on Sat- * 
urday urged Turkey to w ithdraw its - 
forces from Iraq's northern areas. 

Mediation efforts by the United 
States. England and Turkey over the 
years between the rival Kurd> have not _ 
been successful. ' * 

Meanwhile, in southeastern Turkey. 
Kurdish rebels killed five villagers and a 
pro-government militiaman Saturday 
night near the town ol Siirt. Anatolia 
reported. In clashes near Simuk. near the 
Iraqi border. 15 rebels were killed, it' 
added. \AP. Reuters) ’ 

Avoifable on Cable and Satellite 


Floods Destroy Thousands 
Of Homes in Northeast Africa 

NAIROBI — Hoods described as the worst within 
living memory destroyed thousands of homes in Kenya, 
Somalia and Ethiopia and continued to hit wide areas of 
eastern .Africa, meteorologists said Sunday. 

Torrential rains blamed on the El Nino climatic warm- 
ing in the Pacific have been ravaging the Indian Ocean 
coast of Kenya and other areas for the past month, with up 
to 200 millimeters (eight inches) recorded in a single day 
in some places. 

Bridges have been swept away, roads cut and houses 
cither demolished or submerged in flood waters. At least 
35 people have died in the floods in Kenya. 

Hoods in Ethiopia’s lowland region bordering Kenya 
and Somalia killed 57 people and left more than 4,000 
homeless nearly two weeks ago, according to local me- 

In Mogadishu. Somali radio reported that at least 23 
people had been killed by floods. (Reuters) 

Nigeria Holds Magazine Editor 

LAGOS — Nigerian security men have arrested the 
editor of an opposition weekly magazine. ,a newspaper 

^ The^ndependenl Guardian said Jehkins Alumona, ed- 
itor of The News magazine, was picked up on Saturday at 
the state-run Nigerian Television Authority re Lagos after 
a broadcast of a sports program he regularly presents. His 
offense was not disclosed by the security men, toepaper 

said. 1 

No Progress in Cliniate Talks 

TOKYO Key nations failed to make headway in 


official said. 

Colombia Rebels Free Hostage 

BOGOTA — Leftist rebels have released a Norwegian 
uuoyiA h v h-jj hgjd since February, 

construction supervisor me y na 

Colombian officials sju u . Antioquia state, 

Siein Vame was relea^d anti- 

said Ruben Dano good condition, but 

^SS^Sd ^ release were available. MW 

For the Record 

■ K “b * 

rival bids from me Sunday. 

Africa, the defense minister said bunoay 

Kuwait to Attend 
Session With Israel 

Ci* f lint t* tfur SuJfFnvii Pupincha 

KUWAIT — The govern- 
ment announced Sunday that 
Kuwait would attend a con- 
ference in Qatar next week 
that a number of Arab coun- 
tries have said they will boy- 
cott because Israel is partic- 

The three-day Middle East 
and North Africa Economic 
Conference is scheduled to 
start Sunday in the Qatari cap- 
ital. Doha. 

The U.S. -backed event is 
designed to promote econom- 
ic cooperation between Israel 
and the Arab world and fur- 
ther the Middle East peace 

But most Arab states blame 
the hard-line government of 
Prime Minister Benjamin 
Netanyahu of Israel for the 
current stalemate in Arab-Is- 
raeli negotiations. 

Several countries — . in- 
cluding Syria and Lebanon — 
have called for a boycott of 
the Doha conference on 
grounds that Israel should not 
be rewarded for its in- 

Kuwait, in a statement by 

its Council of Ministers, said 
Kuwait’s delegation would 
be beaded by the Finance 
Ministry’s undersecretary, 
Abdul-Mohsen Hneif. 

The minister of state for 
cabinet affairs, Abdelaziz 
Dhukheti, said the govern- 
ment, while deciding to take 
part, had “stressed Kuwait’s 
commitment to the necessary 
conditions for achieving a 
just and global peace in the 
Middle East" 

Kuwait's chamber of com- 
merce, however, is boycot- 
ting the Doha forum. 

Saudi Arabia and the 
United Arab Emirates, after a 
Gulf tour last week by Martin 
Indyk, assistant U.S. secre- 
tary of state, to seek support 
for the conference, have said 
their participation still will 
depend on progress in the 
peace process. 

Egypt has taken the same 
line, and with just a week to 
go before the conference 
opens, tiie only Arab states 
other than Kuwait to an- 
nounce they will take part are 
Yemen and Jordan. 

(AP, AFP) 


22:00hr.scet/21:00hr5 UK 

apar.Korijrj |;y 


i PAGE 10 








Finish the Job in Bosnia 



il! President Bill Clinton last week 
'’-began meeting with members of Con- 
gress to build support for an extension 
iiof the U.S. presence in Bosnia after die 
’ .current NATO mandate ends in Jane. 
.✓He is right to do so. It’s common to 
- complain that peacekeeping troops 
bfeave accomplished too little, and it’s 
2 fair to criticize them for not being more 
reactive in many areas. But it's certainly 
*.wrong to say that nothing has been 
achieved. Much has been accom- 
plished, and it would be not only im- 
( ’moral but also harmful to U.S. interests 
vto let Bosnia sink back into war rather 
sfoan build on the progress to date, 
i The current troubles in Iraq should 
{.provide warning enough of the dangers 
vof half- finishin g a job. 

V’ The Dayton accords of 1995 had two 
goals, military and civilian. They were 
to bring an end to Europe’s bloodiest 
■» conflict since World War II — an end 
to the ethnic cleansing, the mass i 
V the wintertime sieges and the st 
-of civilians. In that they have suc- 
ceeded, at virtually no cost in lives of 
NATO troops. ‘ ‘We are happy that we 
""don’t have war anymore,’' says Vesna 
Pesic, a democratic hero of die former 
Yugoslavia, with the understatement of 
" the long-suffering. “This is die biggest 
«■ achievement of Dayton.' ’ But it is not a 
[ stable achievement, she warns; there is 
i no stable way to partition Bosnia along 
{• ethnic tines; if NATO withdraws in 
i June, war will resume. 

That danger was the rationale for 


i : 

Dayton's civilian side. The accords 
were intended to lay the foundation for 
a multiethnic state in which Bosnians, 
Serbs and Croats — Muslims. Ortho- 
dox and Catholics — all could have a 
place. Here, no doubt, progress has 
been slow. Yet within die past six 
months, as Mis. Pesic says, “there are 
some good signs. ’ * Most refugees have 
not been able to return home, but sev- 
eral hundred thousand have. Of 78 
publicly indicted war criminals, 20 are 
in custody, including some big fish. 
The most odious nationalist forces 
have lost control of some police units 
and some broadcast media. Even the 
economy is picking up. 

The Clinton administration has done 
itself no favors by setting successive 
deadlines for troop withdrawals that 
most, successively, be breached. Nor 
did it help its cause last week when 
unartful statements from the secretaries 
of state and defense gave the impres- 
sion of a wider rift within the cabinet 
than in fact exists. But the bottom line 
is this: Where Europe, die Bush ad- 
ministration and, early on, the Clinton 
team all failed to act, the Dayton ac- 
cords brought peace. It is a peace that 
has a chance to end ore if the United 
States does not cut and run. If the 
United States does pull out too soon, it 
surely will have to return, sooner or 
later, and in far more difficult circum- 
stances. That is the case Mr. Clinton 
must make between now and June. 


Sudan and Soda 

President BUI Clinton has imposed 
i stiff economic sanctions — or what 
J- were described as stiff sanctions — on 

I. the country of Sudan. This was a 
< “statement of principle,” one official 
•said. Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
« bright explained that the United States 
J could not tolerate Sndan’s “continued 
r sponsorship of tenor, its effort to 

J. destabilize neighboring countries and 
i its abysmal record on human rights, 
•* including religious persecution.” 

L Yet as soon as the sanctions were 
announced on Tuesday. U.S. spokes- 
_ men were explaining that an exception 
may well be made for about one-half of 
Sudan's total exports to America. That 
would be the half composed of gum 
arabic, a derivative of me acacia tree 
that is useful in a number of products, 
including candy and fruit drinks, and far 
which Sudan is the primary world 
source. Lobbyists bave been warning, 
as The Post’s Thomas W. Lippman 
reported last month, that without gum 
arabic the fruit particles in orange soda 
would sink to the bottom of the can. So, 
yes. the United States should take a 
' stand against terror and religious per- 
r secution; but some sacrifices, it’s clear, 

% would be too much to bear. 

'• " America's apparent inability to live 
without gum arabic reinforces a com- 
mon perception of a foreign policy will- 

ing to stand on principle, as long as that 
stand comes at no cost The United 
States will beat up on odious regimes of 
marginal co mmer cial significance to 
U.S. firms, such as Sudan, Buraia and 
Cuba, while treating with considerably 
more respect countries that possess 
richer maricets, even if, as in fhina, their 
homan rights records also are abysmal. 

This is a cartoonish view, of course, 
and tike most cartoons it is not entirely 
fair. It's legitimate to take into account 
a nation's strategic importance when 
fo rmulating a policy toward it. It’s also 
not true to say that U.S. sanctions 
haven't hurt U.S. businesses, as many 
executives recently have loudly been 
protesting; in Iran, for example, U.S. 
policy bas cost U.S. industry plenty. 
And it also should be pointed out that 
gum arabic is an ingredient not only of 
orange soda but also of printing ink, 
and that the Newspaper Association of 
America (which represents The Post, 
among many others) has joined with 
the National Soft Drink Association in 
lobbying against a ban. Still, and de- 
spite all that, it does seem feir to ask 
whether a nation that can’t accept the 
pulp settling on the bottom of the can of 
soda pop is totally, utterly — and cred- 
ibly — committed to the fight against 
global terrorism. 


Nixon on Tape 

Richard Nixon labored for 20 years 
after Watergate to rehabilitate his repu- 
tation. But now a voice from the grave 
— his own, taped, naturally — has 
undone much of that work. Excerpts 
from these tapes, which sat in the Na- 
tional Archives for two decades while 
Mr. Nixon's lawyers challenged their 
release, have already appeared in sev- 
eral publications and will be out soon 
in a book, “Abuse of Power: The New 
Nixon Tapes,” by Stanley Cutler. 

The tapes do not change the fun- 
damental outlines of the Watergate sto- 
ry. But they make plainer even than the 
famous “smoking gun” tape of June 
1972, six days after the Watergate 
" break-in, that Mr. Nixon had involved 
.-himself from die beginning in the ef- 
fort to conceal the link between the 
burglars and the White House high 
command. “They have to be paid. 
That's all there is to it,” he said during 
one early discussion of hush money 
for the burglars. 

. The tapes also provide some riveting 
pictures of Mr. Nixon's trademark 
swings from rage to self-pity. After he 
dismissed his two top aides, HL R. Hal- 
deman and John Ehnichman, Mr. Nix- 
on confessed to his press secretary, Ron 
Ziegler, that he stili fell cornered- ‘ 'That 
isn't going to satisfy those goddamn 
cannibals. ... They aren't after Ehr- 
licbman or Haldeman or Dean. They’re 
after me, the president. They hate my 
guts.” To Henry Kissinger he wailed; 
”“I cut off two aims. Who the hell would 
have done such a thing — who has ever 

done that before? I cutoff two arms and 
then they went after the body.” 

Students of campaign fund-raising 
will I earn that Mr. Nixon, operating 
in a more permissive era, was a master 
of the game of trading government 
favors for campaign cash. The tapes 
show him shaking down the milk in- 
dustry for big donations in exchange 
for price supports, potting a $250,000 
price tag on coveted ambassadorships 
and personally thanking a loyal fund- 
raiser for providing hush money for 
the Watergate burglars. 

The tapes also document Mr. Nix- 
on's Clouseaulike gift for inventing 
plots that hurt him more than his in- 
tended targets. After The New York 
Times’ publication of the Pentagon Pa- 
pers in 1971 — a transforming event 
that turned Mr. Nixon’s habitual sus- 
picion of the "Establishment” into a 
self-destructive fury — he told Mr. Hal- 
deraan: “We’re up against an enemy, a 
conspiracy. They re using any means. 
We are going to use any means.” 

The "means” he ultimately settled 
on was a covert counterinsurgency 
team consisting mainly of framer CIA 
men and known as “lire plumbers.” To 
Mr. Nixon’s lasting regret, they were 
hopelessly inept — their bungled sortie 
at the Democratic headqua r ters at the 
Watergate ultimately killed his pres- 
idency. But of course it was Mr. Nixon 
who had fashioned the means of his 
own destruction, and who left the tapes 
as timeless proof of his efficiency. 





KATHARINE P. D ARROW, Vice Chairman 

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The Horror: Algeria’s Agony Is the World’s Problem 

N EW YORK —In an interview at 
The New York Tunes, Zari Sadou 
spoke through a translator about the 
nightmare in her homeland — the mur- 
derous rampages in the name of God, 
tile violent attacks on teachers and stu- 
dents and artists and intellectuals, and 
especially the horrendous ways in 
which women have been targeted, how 
they are raped and maimed and cas- 
ually killed, or kidnapped and forced 
into sexual servitnde. 

Miss Sadou is a feminist and veteran 
journalist in Algeria, a country that for 
the past several years has been soaked 
in the blood of innocents sacrificed by 
religious and political zealots, assorted 
crazed criminals and maniacal believ- 
ers in masculine supremacy. 

An estimated 60,000 people, many 
of them women and children, have 
been killed in armed clashes and out- 
right massacres since the military gov- 
ernment voided elections in 1992 that 
probably would have been woo by mil- 
itant Islamic fundamentalists. Preven- 
ted from attaining power by the ballot, 
the fundamentalists have attempted to 
seize it through terror. 

‘ ‘The violence has been so barbaric, 
so extensive, so extreme,” said Miss 
Sadou, "that it is talcing the shape of 
genocide. These are crimes against hu- 
manity. And we need to hear,. from 
everywhere, the firm condemnation of 
those who are responsible.' ’ 

At least 98 people and perhaps as 
many as 300 were slaughtered in Au- 
gust when members of the Aimed Is- 
lamic Group, equipped with shotguns, 
knives, swords and axes, invaded the 
village of Rais, which is just south of 
Algiers. Witnesses said the majority of 
the panicked victims were women and 
children. Many of the bodies were 
burned and some were decapitated. In 
some cases, the heads of victims were 
left on doorsteps. ■ 

The massacre was not an isolated 
occurrence. On SepL 22 more than 
400 people were slaughtered, again 
by members of the Armed Islamic 

By Bob Herbert 

to be known as the Triangle of Death. 

Miss Sadou noted that it is typical in 
such attacks for attractive young wom- 
en and girls to be kidnapped for sexual 
purposes, and then killed later. When 
the attackers left Rais they took nearly 
three dozen women and girls with 
them An unknown number were taken 
from Bin Talha. 

“In these attark* you might have 
100 or 150 terrorists and they would 
divide up the tasks,” Miss Sadou said. 
"One group would do the killing, the 
beheading. Another would choose the 
most beautiful women to take with 
them. And a third group would be 
outside waiting for anybody who tried 
to flee flic village.” 

The extreme oppression of women 
and girls — including widespread pub- 
lic humiliation, maiming and killing — 
has been a cornerstone of Islamist tenor 
in Algeria for many years. Even before 

the aborted election, members of Is- 
lamic militias and other militant groups 
would torment and sometimes kdl 
women who refused to wear the tra- 
ditional veiL Women perceived to be 
living in “immoral” circumstances 
were alsosubject to savage punishment 

Innocents are 
slaughtered by religious 
and political zealots. 

And there were several cases of girls 
whose skirts were considered too short 
having their legs burned with acid. 

“Women are seen as devils,” Miss 
Sadou said. “We are the permanent 
enemies.” - 

A recent Associated Press story 
began: “Eight men who were appar- 
ently Muslim militants descended on a 

*— «*- *1 — : — vertheweek- 

to death 11 

village school in Algeria overthe week- 
end, shooting or slashing 

female teachers and a male instructor 
who tried to stop die killings as students 
watched, witnesses said today." 

The main political party of tire Is- 
lamic militants is the Islamic Salvation 
Front, or FIS, its French acronym, It 
has been weakened in its utmggfe with 
the government over the past five years 
and many analysts now sec it as a 
moderating force. . 

But Miss Sadou warned that me FIS 
has fori been inextricably entwined 
with the most murderous elements in 
Algeria (including the Armed Islamic 
Group), that it has not backed away 
from its profoundly destnietive beliefs 
regarding women and girls and that it 
has never favored a democratic form of 

The situation in Algeria needs to be 
seen for what it really is. The atrocities 
are. indeed, crimes against humanity 
— in other words, crimes against the 
whole world. It would behoove the rest 
of the world to pay closer attention. 

■ The AV*»\ York Times 

Plotting the Unspeakable and Sleeping Soundly 

By Tina Rosenberg 

XTEW YORK — So Pol Pot, leader 
IN of a Cambodian regime that lolled 
perhaps more than a mill inn people, 
sleeps well at night. In his only in- 
terview since 1979, published in 
the Far Eastern Economic Review, 
Pol Pot admits only to necessary 
killings of political enemies, saying 
he came to “cany oat the struggle,” 
not to kill people. ' 

It seems that relatively few partici- 
pants in mass brutality develop prob- 
lems of conscience. We may never 
know the psychological tricks that Pol 
Pot used to shed his human qualities. 
But there is evidence from ocher par- 
ticipants in mass brutality showing 
how human beings learn to turn off 
their consciences so they can kilL 

Even in South Africa, where offi- 
cials are promised amnesty in return for 
their confessions, leaders of the old 

Group, during an attack on the village . apartheid regime adopt amazing ra- 
of Bin Talha, which is also south of nonalizations. One minister testified 
Algiers, in an area that has come recently that when the cabinet ap- 

ways tile brain grasps at any cover s lory 
that can lessen guilt. This distancing is 
not limited to killers. In Latin America, 
many sophisticated people blinded 
themselves to dictators' crimes be- 
cause they were gening rich. A Chilean 
man told me about a friend of his, a 
woman who worked for the Pinochet 
dictatorship and dismissed stories of 
torture as leftist propaganda. When he 
re mind ed her that her own sister-in-law 
had been kidnapped and tortured in a 
clandestine prison — that she had even 
visited her mere — she began to cry. 

"Would you believe that I forgot , . ,,> 
shcaskedhim. "These years have been 
good ones, and I’m a very appreciative 
person. Pan of my appreciation was 

That is not confusion but a natural 
defense, the product of the human mind 
chamb ers, or the dead bod- capable of plotting unspeakable horror 
’ews in a ditch, it was unen- and considerate enough to protect us 

proved plans to "eliminate,” “neu- 
tralize” or "permanently remove from 
society” political opponents, no one 
was s ug gesting that anyone be killed. 
The phrases are reminiscent of Nazi 
euphemisms, which referred to the 
. murder of Jews as “the final solution,’* 
“vacuation” or “special treatment.” 

The Nazis and the South Africans 
did not talk this way simply because 
they feared trial. Bloodless words made 
it easier for people to participate in a 
killing i 

bureaucratic killing machine. . Adolf 
F-iehmann made this point unwittingly 
at his trial in Jerusalem in 1961. Eich- 
mann saw his job as the efficient trans- 
port of boxcars filled with cargo. He 
contended that when he was actually 
ies of 

durable and gave him nightmares. 

The weasel words are one of many 

from having to live with iL 

The New York Time* 

U.S. Should Encourage a Likud-Labor Rapprochement 

J ERUSALEM — The very 
limited results of the I&raeli- 
Palestinian peace tidk s in 
Washington last week have 
highlighted the need for a new 
American approach. 

It is clear that Prime Minister 
Benjamin. Netanyahu has noth- 
ing significant to offer, the Pal- 
estinians. Even if he was willing 
to go the route of peace, he is 
shackled by his dependence on 
Israel's extreme right wing, 
which makes up a third of his 
parliamentary backing. 

Only the support of Labor, 
Israel’s main opposition party, 
could unfetter him. Thus the 
main thrust of American peace 
efforts should be to secure this 

It might be helpful, for ex- 
ample, if President Bill Clinton 
invited Ehud Barak, Labor’s 
chief, to discuss this in Wash- 

Further Israeli territorial con- 
cessions, without which the 
peace process will surely col- 
lapse, are at the crux of Mr. 
Netanyahu's problem. When he 
withdrew from Hebron last 
winter and offered Yasser Ara- 
fat some (albeit tiny) rural areas 
of tiie West Bank, he barely won 
his own cabinet’s approval. 

Then die extreme right wing, 
which rejects any transfer of 
territory, retaliated on the sen-’ 

By Clinton Bailey 

sitive issue of Jerusalem. It 
based further support of Mr. 
Netanyahu’s government on his 
agreement to build Israeli hous- 
ing at Har Homa, which halted 
the peace process for seven 
months, and, later, on his au- 
thorization of an Israeli civilian 
presence in the Arab neighbor- 
hood of Ras al Amod in Je- 
rusalem. Had Mr. Netanyahu 
defied this blackmail on his 
own, he would have found him- 
self with die support of only 44 
of the Knesset’s 120 members 
and with the days of his gov- 
ernment numbered 

There are two ways in which 
the Labor Party could extricate 
both the prime minister and the 
peace process from the strangle- 
hold of the extreme righL 

One is by joining Mr. Net- 
anyahu’s Likud party in a na- 
tional-unity government that 
would constitute a majority par- 
liamentary bloc of at least 66 
members, even without the par- 
ticipation of other pro-peace 

The other is to remain in op- 
position but to provide Mr. Net- 
anyahu with a safety net: So long 
as he keeps to an agreed-upon 
program for pursuing peace, 
Labor will not support any non- 
confidence vote in the Knesset 

Whichever path Labor might 
choose, the basis for an agreed- 
upon program exists. 

In early June, Mr. Netanyahu 
publicized a map that he said 
met die criteria for a final res- 
olution with the Palestinians. It 
granted the Palestinians some 
40 percent of the West Bank 

For peace in the 
Middle East, start 
with internal 
reconciliation in 

where 90 percent of their num- 
bers now live. (Had he been 
willing to relocate, a small 
percentage of Jewish settlers 
from these densely populated 
Palestinian areas, he could have 
brought the amount ofdand op 
to 50 percent, but fear of con- 
frontation with the settlers de- 
terred him) 

Mr. Barak did not publish a 
map, but when he was asked for 
his own criteria for a final res- 
olution they did not differ 
greatly from Mr. Netanyahu's; 
the two plans could easily be 

If the United States could in- 
duce Mr. Netanyahu and Mr. 
Barak tp offer a joint map for 
Israeli withdrawal from Pales- 
tinian areas as an interim, rather 
than a final, arrangement — to 
be completed on schedule this 
August — Mr. Arafat might be 
induced to accept iL 
He would be able to show 
that he had liberated almost all 
die Palestinians (95 percent) in 
the West Bank and Gaza Strip 
from Israeli rule and acquired a 

test Bank’s cities and agri- 
cultural hinterland. Moreover, 
he would still have a chance of 
gaining more land in the final- 
stage talks. 

However, getting more land 
would depend largely on Mr. 
Arafat's and Israel’s ability to 
keep terrorism down during the 

And here is where the Net- 
anyahu-Barak map could help 
— for try clearly delineating the 
respective Palestinian and Is- 
raeli areas it would allow both 
sides to patrol, and supervise 
movement across, their com- 
mon interim border. Even sui- 
cide bombers would find it hard 
to reach their targets. 

Two-thirds of Mr. Netan- 
yahu’s supporters are from 
what can be called the moderate 
right wing. They are skeptical 

about Arab intentions and want 
security, but they also would 
like peace, for which they 
would not mind trading land. 
Except for the degree of skep- 
ticism, they are not unlike the 
moderate left wing that sup- 
ports Labor and tit her smaller 
ponies desirous of peace. 

Providing security through a 
Netanyahir-Barak map could 
unite these camps into a broad 
Israeli consensus that would be 
the soundest guarantee of a suc- 
cessful peace process. 

The practical way to make 
significant progress toward 
peace and to rcstabilize the 
Middle East begins with intern- 
al reconciliation in Israel. 

The Clinton administration 
enjoys an intimate dialogue 
wife the Labor Party from fee 
days when Yitzhak Rabin 
signed the peace treaty on the 
White House lawn. It must now 
use this channel for bringing 
Labor back to peacemaking 
with more than words alone. 

The writer is a specialist 
in Palestinian nationalism at. 
the Truman Institute for Peace 
in Jerusalem and a visiting 
professor at Trinity College 
in Hartford, Connecticut. He 
contributed this comment 
to the International Herald 

No, South Korea Is Not Going the Way of Thailand 

S EOUL — Two recent arti- 
cles — fee opinion piece 
“South Korea’s Economic 
Crisis Is Set to Get Worse” and 
the news story “South Korea 
Fears a Financial Crisis Topping 
Thailand’s” (both IHT, Nov. 6) 
— present an overly gloomy pic- 
ture of fee Korean economy. 

To suggest that South Korea 
is plunging deeper into a finan 7 
rial crisis that may soon dwarf 
those in Thailand and other parts 
of Southeast Asia is unwarran- 
ted. It unduly exaggerates con- 
cerns in fee financial market It 
also ignores fee feet feat South 
Korea's economic fundamen- 
tals are much sounder that those 
of Thailand and other Southeast 
Asian countries, as confirmed 
by a recent report of fee In- 
ternational Monetary Fond. 

Sooth Korea's current ac- 
count deficit is now shrinking 
rapidly, from $23.7 billion (4.9 
percent of GDP) in 1996 to be- 
tween $13 billion and $14 bil- 
lion (around 3 percent of GDP) 
in 1997. Given fee current an- 
nual rate of economic growth of 
6 percent after adjustment for 
inflation, one could hardly argue 
that tins is an unsustainable level 
for the current account deficit 
To correct the external im- 
balances, the government has 
maintained a contractionary 
economic policy. Inflation is 
also stable, increasing by only 
about 4 percent during recent 

- South Korea's exchange rate 

system is inherently different 
from those of Thailand or Mex- 
ico. The Korean won, which is 
flexibly floating, has depred- 
ated by 13 percent against fee 

By Jim II Kim 

U.S. dollar this year, reflecting 
fee continued strength of the 
greenback and the recent finan- 
cial strains in the domestic 
economy. By any economic 
measure, it is hard to argue that 
the won is significantly over- 

Concern that South Korea's 
foreign currency reserves lave 

The Seoul 
government is 
determined to push 
ahead with, 
financial reforms. 

been depleted to an unsustain- 
ably low level of axoand $15 
billion is not warranted either. 
Foreign exchange intervention 
is much more effective in fee 
forward market due to its thin- 
ness relative to the spot market, 
and the Bank of Korea has in- 
tervened in this way. 

However, fee actual amount 
of fee forward cumulative po- 
sition taken by the bank is far 
less than that rumored in the 
market. Simple comparisons 
with Thailand, which depleted 
its foreign exchange reserves in 
a futile effort to maintain a fixed 
exchange rate against the dol- 
lar, are extremely misleading. , 
South Korea’s capital market 
has been gradually opened. As a 
result, it is very unlikely feat it 
could be vulnerable to specu- 
lative aftacks to the' same degree 
as in Thailand or Malaysia. 

It is tree that a portion of 
Korea’s foreign debt matures 
within a year. But the estimate 
that as much as $80 billion of 
fee country’s $110 billion in 
foreign delk is short-term is in- 
flated. Furthermore, a signifi- 
cant part of the short-term debt 
is related to trade finance. This 
is another basic difference with 
the situation in Southeast Asian 

As for the difficulties in fee 
financial sector, it should be 
noted that the amount of non- 
performing loans is also not di- 
rectly comparable to fee situ- 
ation elsewhere. Thailand’s 
financial failure was deeply 
rooted in the collapse of a real 
estate price bubble. This has not 
happened in South Korea. Most 
of the nonperfbrming lo^n g 
have property as collateral, and 
the market value of that prop- 
erty is still reasonably strong. 

Most important, the South 
Korea n government dearly un- 
derstands thar present problems 
stem not only from cyclical 
downturns but also from struc- 
tural deficiencies- To establish 
a new institutional setting, 13 
major financial reform bills 
drafted by the government are 
before the National Assembly. 

They contain a wide range of 
measures to reform fee sickly 
financial sector and launch re- 
structuring programs, includ- 
ing mergers ana acquisitions 
and other prompt corrective 
schemes. A rand to be used to 
dispose of nonperf tinning loans 
will also be established this 
month to help alleviate the 

bad debt problems of Korean 

South Korea is determined to 
push ahead with its financial 
reforms, and fee restructuring 
program will be carried out sys- 
tematically. The government 
understands fee need for reform 
and the fact that this is fee only 
way to restore credibility in fee 
international financial market. 

Despite fee oil price shock in 
the 1970s and the foreign debt 
crisis in fee 1980s, South Korea 

continued its development. Is 
matter how severe the pains, : 
has always overcome crisi 
successfully and never lost ii 
temational credibility. We ca 
and will, overcome fee cuirc 

The writer is senior cou 
selor to South Korea's depit 
prime minister and minister . 
finance and economy. He co, 
tributed this comment to the L 
temational Herald Tribune. 


1897: Maya Massacre 

.PARIS — Advices from Mex- 
ico tell of a horrible massacre by 
fee insurgent Indians of the State 
of Yucatan. In all fourteen per- 
sons were killed. They were the 
passengers and crew of a small 
vessel which sailed for Bacalar. 
The purpose of fee vessel's visit 
was the purchase of lumber, 
dyewoods and other valuable 
products of feat rich district The 
Mayas, who are in rebellion 
against the Mexican Govern- 
ment, believed feat they were 
emissaries, sent to spy on their 
country and investigate their or- 
ganization and means of de- 
fence against fee invasion which 
it is known President Diaz has 
contemplated for a long time. 

1922: Republicans Wm 

WASHINGTON — The final 
returns of Tuesday's elections 
[Nov. 7] rally verify the state- 
ment feat fee control of both the 

Senate and House of Repr 
tatives remains in the han 
fee Republican party. Dem 
tic leaders concede fee rete 
.of control try die Administn 
but are jubilant over the sv 
ing Democratic victories 
one coast to fee other and 
already framed visions 
Democratic victoiy in the 
Presidential election. 

1947; WarMarriac 

said that it has brought 7* 
war brides to fee United si 
Array officers say that 9! 
cent of fee war-time mani 
wife foreigners are workin 
happily. This is in sharp 
feist to the high percents 
divorces in fee United St 
Asked for an explana 
Army officers said it is sin 
The bnde and bridegroom 
to go through so much red 
and examination that flj 
couples never get married. 

jiJ uj* \&f> 







White Shoes: Where Elite Legal Feet Meet 

By William S afire 

Wtr^ G I° N 7 “ She is ala w- 
Y V yer m a white-shoe firm,” wrote 

?^ dy ^ New York 

Tunes about Tiffany Palmer, an^t- 
tomey at a prestigious law firm. 

"V. A ™ eri caq Lawyer last 
montli. Jm, Schroeder quoted an 
unidentified recruit who described the 
Chicago firm of Kirkland & Ellis as 
hip people of the ’90s who have shed 
the old sruffy white-shoe law firm at- 
titude for an open, work-hard-and- 
play-harder life style.” 

That footwear modifier is not limited 
to law firms. “Price Waterhouse typ- 
ically is considered a conservative, 
white-shoe type firm,** ^ Suzanne 
Verity of Public Accounting Report, 
while Coopers & Lvbrand is more on 
the cutting edge." And in 1990, The 
Independent of London asked: * ‘Is [Mi- 
chael] Milken the victim of a vengeful 
plot by the while-shoe boys of the se- 
curities business, all those nice Harvard 
graduates in loafers who sit in the more 
conventional brokerage houses?” 

You can track it back in print to the 
mid- ’70s. Here’s a 1975 usage from 
Forbes magazine quoting a syndicate 
operator, the first use I can find of the 
compound adjective: “The flies go 
where the honey jar is. Every con man 
and every white-shoe man in the world 
is there trying to tap Middle East 
money!” A year later. Business Week 
wrote: “First Boston had let its white- 
shoe image and big-name client list go 
to its head. They simply vegetated.” 
What does it mean? The Oxford 

Ni»l* AmWlHT 

English Dictionary defines white-shoe 
as “slang (chiefly U.S.), effeminate, 
immature,” but those great lexico- 
graphers just don't get it on this one. 
The word is better defined in Webster’s 
New World Dictionary as “designat- 
ing or characteristic of a business com- 
pany, esp. a law firm or brokerage, in 
which the partners belong almost ex- 
clusively- to the WASP upper-class 
elite and are thought of as being cau- 
tious and conservative.” 

The source is white “bucks,” the 
casual, carefully scuffed buckskin 
shoes with red robber soles and heels 
worn by generations of college men at 
Ivy League schools. Many of these 
kids, supposedly never changing their 

beloved footgear, went on to become 
masters of the universe on Wall Street 
and in the best-known law firms. 

In its early days, tbe adjective was 
used in an envious, resentful way by 
those with- less-privileged back- 
grounds; now it is either a dispassion- 
ate description of elitism or a pas- 
sionate derogation of old-fogeyism. 
However, some of the nouveau-riche 
derogators of the old-line firms are 
classed by a different and more ex- 
pensive shoe, the loafer with a brass 
link ornament made by the Gucci firm 
in Italy. In Washington, K Street, 
where many lobbyists make their 
headquarters, is known - as “Gucci 

Many women think of white shoes in 
another sense. “It used to be simple,” 
writes Diane Lacey Allen in The Lake- 
land (Florida) Ledger. “Labor Day 
rolled around and the white shoes went 
to tbe back of the closet” In San 
Francisco, Julie Hinds writes in The 
Examiner: “Eveiyone wants to 
typecast the tourists as a bad-shirt and 
wnhe-shoes-after- Labor-Day crowd.” 
Letitia Baldrige, author of “More 
Than Manners,' * informs me that step- 
ping out in white shoes between Labor 
Day and Easter would be a faux pas, 
“except, of course, if you lived in 
Florida or a tropical climate and it was 
hot If it was cold in Florida, then no.” 
Ivory is O.K. 

A lesson can be drawn from this that 
goes beyond linguistics: Never appear 
in white buckskin footwear at an egal- 
itarian office party, especially after 
Labor Day. 

New ftv/L Times Sen-ice 


By Alan Truscott 

T HE American women's 
team that captured the 
Venice Cup title at the world 
championships in Hammamet, 
Tunisia, last week woo the final 
relatively easily, by 60 imps 
against China. But Mildred 
Breed. Tobi Sokolow, Lisa 
Berkowitz, Madness Letizia, 
Ranch Montin and JiH Meyers 
had to survive two hard battles 
earlier. They won their semifinal 
by just 5 imps against an Amer- 
ican squad, beaded by Kalhie 
Wei-Sender, and their quarterfi- 
nal by 24 against Italy, pulling 
away at the finish in a match that 
had been close throughout 
A very bad break was a 
pleasure to Sokolow on the 
diagramed deal against Italy. 
As South she arrived in five 

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+ 7 

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* 10 9 7 4 

4> Q S3 2 

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East South 











West led the diamond king. 

spades after her right-hand 
opponent had opened four 
hearts and her partner. Breed, 
bad investigated slam possib- 
ilities. A heart lead would 
have been fatal, but predict- 
ably West did not have one to 
lead. She chose the diamond 
g 3 2 king, which was normal but, 
as it happened, fatal. 

South won with the ace in 
dummy, throwing a heart, and 
led the spade 10 for a losing 
finesse. West shifted to a 
club, which was won with 
dummy's ace. South raffed a 
diamond and led five more 
rounds of trump to reach the 
““ending shown at right. 

N onb South led her last trump, 
5 4 , throwing a heart from the 
5 4 dummy. East gave up a heart 
and was thrown in with a 
heart to lead from the club 
queen at the finish. 

This squeeze-endplay might 
be expected to gain points but it 
did not. In the replay South 
played in four spades doubled 
and made 10 tricks, so Italy 
gained 4 https. 



o j 
*K J 

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By John Updike . 334 pages. $25; Alfred 
A. Knopf. 

Reviewed by Sven Birkerts 

B ORN just after mideenouy, in 1954, 
Ben Turnbull, John Updike's jour- 
nal-keeping narrator in “Toward the 
End of Tune,' ’ is a dyspeptic 66 in 2020, 
the year be succumbs to the notational 
impulse. In that same year, God willin g, 
I will be three years older, a fact I 
mention right away because I could not 
read Updike's novel without making 
constant reflexive projections. 

Ben, Sven; now, then. And I’ll say just 
this: If my life — my soul — ever 
resembles this man’s, I hope I’ll have the 
grace to do what military people once 
called “the honorable thing." 

Ben is a pathetic human being, and 
Updike's novel offers surprisingly little 
for the serious reader. 

The novel is composed of journal 
entries representing a year in the life. Ben 
is long retired from investment work in 
Boston; his alert intelligence is under- 
employed, moves restively inside a body 
that has begun its slow decline. He sur- 
veys with a cold eye the detente that is his 
marriage to Gloria and makes withering 
sidelong comments about the world as he 
now finds it. “now" being some years 
after a Chinese- U.S. conflagration that 
has wreaked untold destruction. 

“Few of the Chinese missiles made it 
this far,” he observes, “but ... the 

collapse of the economy has taken a 
terrible physical toll." 

We soon suspect that the larger world 
has become coextensive with Ben's 
sense of himself. 

And what an unpleasant self that is! 
Those who regard women as worthy to 
walk beside men will twig early on to the 
fact that Ben is a pig. That he has re- 
tained his outlook despite coming of age 
in the great era of liberation is a test- 
ament to the durability of his prejudices . 4 
But running deeper still — underwriting 
them — is Ben’s narcissism. We stand 
aghast, finally, at his inability to ac- 
commodate anything beyond the clamor 
of his sexual impulses and the labored 
preciosity of his naturalist observations 
and musings. 

The journal's year is scarcely under 
way before Ben is indulging in an ex- 
tended fantasy: Gloria is dead from a 
shotgun blast, maybe even by Ben's hand. 
In her place is Deirdre, a feisty local giri- 
rorned-hooker who charges extravag- 
antly for her sexual favors but ultimately 
seems to' be falling for his — charms. 

But Ben’s treatment of women may not 
be the worst of his failin gs The fact is that 
be is living in baronial comfort on Bos- 
ton's North Shore after a nuclear conflict 
has killed millions on both sides: has 
decimated America as a nation, leaving 
no central government, isolating regions 
from each other; has obliterated, in effect, 
a great part of the life that we are all 
sweetly savoring at this moment — and he 
feels nothing. No keening impulse, nada. 


PAGE 11 

Ben’s empothic nerve is dead — but 
dead also is that essential larger sus- 
ceptibility, that which cherishes the past 
and spins the narrative of history, when 
Ben ctoes refer back to the America once 
inventoried so fondly by Harry .Ang- 
strom. Updike's Rabbit, he does so ob- 
liquely. without emotion. “With the 
plains a radioactive dust bowl,” he writes, 
‘’decimated Midwestern cities have been 
living on truckloads of New England 
mussels and apples from New York 
State.” Tbe steady beat of the sentence 
tells us everything we need to know. 

But Updike is one of America's great 
artists. Surely, we think, he will not let 
this monster’ of self prevail before us. 
And indeed, late in the novel Ben dis- 
closes a diagnosis of prostate cancer. We 
glimpse a path of redemptive suffering 
before him: He may yet — I will banish 
the suspense; He does not. Ben limps 
into partial recovery, a diminished, 
sexually inoperative man. 

What does Ben imagine? In the end. 
nothing less than the long view, the time 
when “Ail planetary atmospheres have 
been stripped; all Life-forms, however 
ingeniously evolved in their crannies and 
lighlless depths, will be remorselessly 
incinerated. ’ He concludes: "The very 
short view alone is bearable.” 

Sven Birkerts is the author of four 
hooks of essays. He has recently edited 
"Tolstoy's Dictaphone - Technology and 
the Muse." He wrote this for The Wash- 
ington Post. 


i Milky-white gem 
s Turned white 
10 Incusron with a 

i« Trucking ng 
15 French love 

tB Drug 

(Washing Ian 

17 Patronizing 
is Sparkling 

19 Ladder step 

20 Stan ot a quip 

23 Son of 

24 Fencing blade 

25 Harmony 

28 On the 

31 Rioters' take 

32 Joins 

34 Hen's pnde 

37 Middle of the 

40 Adriatic, e g 

41 Ryan and 

42 Verdi's slave girl 

43 Teie-a-tetes 

44 Awry 

45 Feedback of a 

47 Like auto shop 

49 End of the quip 

55 and tell 

* — 

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9 — 

+ Q 6 

Solution to Puzzle of Nov. 7 

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□□□nan nranran 

sc Scarlett, for one 
BT Snug 
59 Sped 

CO Heavy volumes 
si Lamb s 

62 Took advantage 

63 Kasparov's 

64 Red light 

1 Cl A 

2 Await judgment 

3 To me. m Pans 

4 It kept BLzer 

5 Outdoor 
lounging area 

6 Faulty 

7 Temporary use 

■ Currency 

replacing the 
mark, franc, lira, 

fl-Phooey 1- 
10 Actor's 
it Sky-blue 

12 "A voire 

i3Work whI 
2i Word repeated 
before 'again.* 
m a saying 

22 Jefferson, 

25 Priests' 

26 Grimace 

27 Smidgen 

26 Beans in a stew 

29 List-ending 

ao Catches on 

32 Forearm bone 

33 Boris's refusal 

34 Actor Estrada 

35 1 947 Literature 

Nobeiist Andre 

36 Eat beaver-style 

so Not at all 

39 Classic 
30'S-40‘S radio 

43 Reprimanded, 
with "out" 

44 100% 

45 Group 

46 Taking out the 
garbage, eg 

47 Fairy tale 

48 Bndge 

so University mil 

si "Oopsr 

52 Reputation 

53 Revolver 

Puzzle by Grace FeMwl 

iC A'cit York Times/ Edited 6v Will Shorts. 

54 Pinza ot tne 

ss Tno after R 
56 Prattle 

, W.IV 1 

I h;^ ; 

On national holidays, 
there is no postal 
delivery of your 
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on Page 4 

PAGE 12 





Learning to Plunge In 

Instead of Dropping Out 

The idea of " vacation ” has evolved significantly over the past years. 

Studying a boriginal trBxsinAus&aSarfust one of the many posdbBUes for travelers interested ki pa rtk^ O kig In lleMnaeendi doing Ihek vacations. 

Dinosaurs, Dolphins and Other Ways to Relax 

A decade ago, “going 
on vacation” meant 
just that — vacating. 
Vacating one’s self from 
one's troubles, and from the 
world's as well, and escaping 
to some remote tropical para- 
dise or isolated spa to get lost 
in a barrage of hedonism and 
p amperin g that would sup- 
posedly restore depleted -ze- 
sources and fortify one’s re- 
turn to the' stresses of the 
“real world.” 

As have many other as- 
pects of the 1980s* lifestyle, 
the “vacation” has evolved 
significantly. Instead of drop- 
ping out, the traveler of the 
1990s is bent on plunging in. 
No longer content to retreat, 
increasing numbers of trav- 
elers are determined to re- 
discover the world and suck 
up every last bit of know- 
ledge it may hold. 

This new, more sophisti- 
cated traveler forsakes pack- 
age tours of SO people for 
intimate groups of IS “like- 
minded” souls, and he or she 
wouldn't be caught dead 
a conventional 

Such listings attest to the 

Scientific expeditions are yet another option for adventurous travelers. 

V acationers with in- 
quiring minds can 
enrich their holidays 
by accompanying a scientist 
to help save the manatees off 
the coast of Florida, learn 
how dolphins c ommuni cate 
in Hawaii, track Jurassic di- 
nosaurs in Britain, assist in an 
archaeological dig in Israel 
or discover the fascinating 
wildlife in the Galdpagos Is- 

Earth watch, an interna- 

tional science and education 
foundation that sponsors 
field research, seeks paying 
volunteers to help its scient- 
ists and scholars with their 
projects. Its volunteers not 
only enjoy an exciting and 
unusual trip, but also take 
satisfaction in knowing that 
their work will yield real sci- 
entific benefits. No special 
skills are required, and trips 
last two weeks. 

One recent Earth watch 





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Accommodation: residential, host family, 
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For more information please contact: 

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e-mail: { j, , 

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Florida (USA). London (UK), 
Strasbourg and Paris (France), 
Heidelberg ( Germany), Madrid (Spain), 
Leys in and Engelberg (S uHtzerland) 

Associate, Bachelor’s & Master’s degree programs 
International Business Administration, International Hotel 
& Tourism Management, Internationa] Relations St Diplomacy, 
Management, Marketing, Art, Computer Studies,- Economics, 
Pre-Engineering, Pre-Medicine, Liberal Arts 

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Intensive English, Spanish, Ge rman 
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- Courses begin, January; June and September - 

Royal Waterloo House, Dept IHT/1 1/97 
51-95 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8TX England 
Tel: (0171) 928 8484 Fax: (0171) 620 1226 

Accredited member AC1CS. Washington. DC USA 

.project saved 2^00 en- 
dangered leatherback turtle 
hatchlings in Saint Croix by 
deploying volunteers to 
patrol the beaches and deter 
poachers. Another recovered 
36 mammo th tusks in Ox- 
fordshire, and yet another 
measured the effects of acid 
rain on forests in the Czech 
Republic and determined 
that it had decreased. 

From dhows to koalas 
Some of Ihe upcoming proj- 
ects for 1998 will study May- 
an trading patterns, the con- 
servation of tiie platypus on 
Australian farmlands, the 
history of Oman’s dhows 
(trading boats), tire wildlife 
and MU tribes of Thailand, 
and koala bears on Kangaroo 
Island, Australia. Accommo- 
dations range from the prim- 
itive (tents) to the luxurious 
(a Tuscan villa). The cost is 
around $1 ,700, depending on 
the project 

Earth watch Europe also 
offers “Discovery Week- 
ends" that involve such proj- 
ects as workshops at Lon- 
don’s Royal Botanic Gardens 

and the Natural History Mu- 

* Those who would rather 
observe and learn about 
nature while enjoying a lux- 
ury vacation might try Inca 
Floats, a small U.S. tour 
company that organizes vis- 
its for small groups to the 
Galctpagos Islands, where 
naturalists will ' introduce 
them to the lava-formed 
landscapes and unusual wild- 
life of the islands that con- 
tributed to the development 
of Charles Darwin’s theory of 

The fauna on the islands, 
haying few natural predators, 
are unafraid of humans and 
can be approached easily. 
Among them are red- aid 
blue-footed boobies, frigate- 
birds, shorteared owls, pink 
flamingos, herons, penguins, 
marine and land iguanas, gi- 
ant tortoises and much more. 
Visitors can swim and 
snorkel with the sea lions and 

Arctic holidays 
If the GalApagos are too trop- 
ical foFyou, and you’d rather 

’Top quality teachers - perfectly adapted to my needs " 
Private residential courses 
tailored to your professional needs 
in a charming country honse in the Loire Valley 

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Founded in 1899 

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Summer camps: French^ Sports, Outings. . . 
Enjoy a family lifestyle on the 60 ha campus in Normandy. 
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meet a polar bear than a pen- 
guin, Arctic Odyssey will 
take you to the top of the 
world with small-group or 
private touts led fay natur- 
alists, polar historians and 

On the dog sled tour, for 
example, travelers sleep in 
igloos, fish through ice, see 
the Aurora Borealis and 
search fix’ polar bears, seals 
and pt armi gans. 

Another tour takes visitors 
on boats to Wager Bay, 
where they have close-up 
views of a large concentra- 
tion of polar bears in their 
natural habitat 

Or, you can pretend you're 
Admiral Peary and discover 
the North Pole for yourself 
or ski the peaks of Baffin 

In the Canadian High Arc- 
tic and Greenland, travelers 
fly to isolated destinations on 
DeHaviland Twin Otter 

If none of this is exotic 
enough for you, why not take 
the “no-frins” tom of Siber- 
ia, where the reindeer still 
roam the tundra and 89 spe- 
cies of birds nest in the Lena 

Heidi Ellison 

Arctic Odyssey. 2000 McCil- 
vra Btvd East, Seattle, WA 
98112, United States. TeL: (1 
206) 325 1977: fax: (1 206) 
726 8488. 

Earthwatch. 680 Ml Auburn 
Sl. P.O. Box 9104, Water- 
town, MA 02272-9104, 
United States. Tel: 0 800) 
776 0188; fax : (1 617) 926 
8532; e-mdil irfo@jearth- Web site: http:// 
Inca Floats. 13U 63rd St. 
Emeryville. CA 94608, 
United States. TeL: (1 510) 
420 1550; fax: (1 510) 420 
0947; e-mail: inca- 

Salzburg Seminar 

Announces Its 

1998 Program 

(802) 388-0007 USA 



TttfcnlUl VJQ 3741 - Rk (309143 JO 4(13 


guidebook. Specimens are 
more likely to be found 
combing the shell-strewn 
beaches of South Africa in 
foe company of a concho- 
logist and a malacologist 
than stretched out in the sand 
contemplating the SP factor 
of their sunscreen. 

A life-longprocess 
“The learning vacation is a 
whole new concept,” says 
Ann Waigand, the Virginia- 
based editoi/publisher of tile 
bimonthly newsletter “The 
Educated Traveller.” 
“People are well-traveled, 
and they have foe leisure to 

thin now, mam 
m^Mmticmtad trawler 
fo no ta m pa cknga 
toon ofSOpmoptm for 
“Kkoadndnd” aoidar 
amt ho or dm nvhMiY 
bo caught dead meeting 

focus more. You also have a 
generation of Baby Boomers 
moving into retirement with 
more disposable income, 
whose philosophy is that 
learning is a life-long pro- 

Catering specifically to 
this outlook, “The Educated 
Traveller” is a compelling 
source — offering detailed 
information about learning 
trips and the specialists from 
around the world who or- 
ganize them. One example is 
South American Expedi- 
tions, whose two-week 
“Shamanic Cultural Exped- 
itions,” led by local expert 
Mili Sangama to foe jungles 
of Peru, allow herbalists and 
curanderos to share their 
healing arts with travelers; 
the trip costs $2,175, includ- 
ing air fere from Miami. 

Another example is the 
annual four-day Tennessee 
Williams/New Orleans Lit- 
erary FestivaL.This year; par- 
ticipants at the festival toured 
the French Quarter and were 
treated to an interview with 
Williams’ brother, Dakin 
(who insists his older brother 
did not choke to death, but 
was murdered), dramatic 
readings by actor Alec Bald- 
win, and a Stella and Stanley 
Shouting Contest 

fenng a host of increasingly 
specialized trips. Many of 
these are not only tour op- 
erators, but also museums 
and universities that are ven- 
turing beyond tired cliches 
— poking around Egyptian 
pyramids or stewing in an 
Oxford classroom. 

Museums and universities 
Witness Toronto’s Royal 
Ontario Museum, whose 
1998 offerings include a 
week-long trip along the an- 
cient Viking trails ofWestem 
Newfoundland and Lab- 
rador; led by geologist and 
.native Newfoundlander Ant- 
ony Berger. 

In the same vein, Miami- 
based University Vacations 
puts a spin on the traditional 
Oxford experience by offer- 
ing programs that combine 
literary study with forays into 
foe scenic locales inhabited 
by both authors and their 

“Writers in foe Land- 
scape” fuses foe works of 
Wordsworth and Beatrix Pot- 
ter with a journey to the Lake 
District, while those who 
tackle “Great Mystery 
Writers” such as Sir Arthur 
Conan Doyle and Daphne 
Du Manner will experience 
for themselves foe melan- 
cholic moors of Devon. 

Shorter trips 

That few of these tours last 
more than a week or 10 days 
is revealing. Confesses Pam 
Top of University Vacations: 
“We tried two-week trips, 
but they were too long. Pro- 
fessionals cant take off more 

Ms. Waigand concurs. 
‘Trips are getting shorter” 
she says. “People are work- 
ing more, and travel is getting 
more expensive.” Indeed, 
once travelers abandon the 
Vtell-trod package circuit, 
costs soar 

And they tend to grow 
higher still as groups get 
smaller and smaller. Says 
Ms. Waigand: “Before, 30 
was considered an intimate 
group. Now 20 is, but most 
people would prefer 
something like 12 ." 

The trips that The Edu- 
cated Traveller has organized 
for 1998 reflect these tend- 
encies. One is a trip to the hill 
towns of Tuscany and Um- 
bria, where a select group of 
20 is exposed to Italian art by 
viewing foe priceless collec- 
tions adorning local aristo- 
crats’ private palaces. 

The emphasis is not only 
on learning, but also on lux- 
ury and on acquiring a rare 
insiders’ glimpse of life in a 
foreign land. 

“People will go to dinners 
hosted by paiazzo owners,” 
says Ms. Waigand “They’ll 
meet and talk to the con- 
tessa’s doctor, next-door- 
neighbors and bridge part- 
ners.” The seven-day Italy 
tour costs $3,595. 

Of course, immersing 
one's self in a foreign culture 
does not necessarily mean 
visiting foe mansions of foe 
wealthy. People with less ‘ 
money and more time ran 
venture fruitier afield and en- 
joy a less-structured, more 
adventurous lear ning expe- 
rience such as that recounted 
by a Canadia n who recently 

returned from Gujurat, in 
Western India. - 
As part of a three-month 
course in Gandhion thought 
for international students, she 
started off each day spinning 
cotton on the floor for 40 
minutes — as did Gandhi, 
who founded this Peace Re- 
search Center (now a uni- 
versity) in 1920. 

Gandhi's teachings pro- » 
vide the framework for the f 
courses in philosophy, reli- 
gion, political science,' eco- 
nomics and yoga, taught 
daily by 


and interspersed 

Thom l 


oatytoaropomtont hat 

a atmm M m ltmtam 
mu tm i ug ba y o nri tM 

am Oxford 

with trips to local museums. * - 
The course, including 
meals and accommodation* * - 
costs about $ 1 , 000 . . 4 

Although accommodsri’i 
tions are spartan, and ono-i*. 
professor showed up three ; 4 
days late, the experience was 
so life-altering that the Ca*-= 
nadian — a self-confessed 
time junkie who constantly 
consulted her watch — now 
steadfastly refuses to wear 
one. Now that's learning. 

Michael Sommers 

f\i - \l 1 

The Educated Traveller. 

P.O, Box 220822. ChantiUv, 

VA 20153-6822. USA. Tel: • 
(1 703) 471 1063. (1 800) 

648 5168: fax: (1 703) 471 
4807; e-mail: edtrav@aol. 
com ; www.educated-travel- 

South American Expedi- 
tions. Mill Sangama at 6446 
Petit Avenue, Van Nays, Of 
91406. USA. Tel: (I 800) 
884-7474: fax: (1 818) 957 ■ 

4005; e-mail: weekelv@pac - t 
bell net; 

Tennessee Williams/New 
Orleans Literary Festival 
5500 Prvtania Street. Suite 
217. New Orleans. LA 70115. 
United States. Tel ; (I 504) 

581 1144; fax: (1 504) 529 
2430; e-mail ; tw- 

Royal Ontario Museum. 100 
Queen's Park, Toronto. 
Ontario M5S 2C6, Canada. 

7 W: (416) 483 7392/586 i 
8097. ' f. 

University Vacations. 3660 - 
Bougainvillea Road. Miami 
FL 33133, USA. Tel: (1 305) 

567 2904, (1 800) 792 0100; 

Gandhion Thought Peace 
Studies for International 
Students. Peace Research 
Centre, Gujurat Vidyapith. 
Ahmedabad 380014, 'Gujur- 
at, India. 

. V 


La Dolce Lingua. 

Sweet talk 
foe Italians 
with a course at 

The British Irarrnnx 

Piajsa Strozd 2 
50123 Florence, Icalv 
TeL: 00 39 55 284031 
Fax: 00 39 55287071 


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I * Intensive English cooises in groups of 5 to 9 
• Trained university graduate teachers 
• Situaied in the heart of London near the Royal Opera House 
• Over 25,000 successfully ought since 1975 
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TEL: +44 (0) 171 24025 81 -FAX: +44(0) 171 379 S793 

Principal Y. toteJ^BScjE^LFJ^jimdUBMTton^ai^taw, frsa 

“Travel for Knowledge” 

ms product in to atom by the Adverting Department of 
the international Herald Tribune. 

It was sponsored by the display advertisers. 

Wri lun Heidi Ellison tuid Michael Simmers in Paris. 
Claudia Flisi in Monaco. 

Program Director: BittMahdcr. 

Ip The most renowned school for French —fl 

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M' 0 \s,, K | , )S | , 



PAGE 13 


I H S \ 

{ f 

travel for knowledge 

Volunteer Projects Around the World 

From social work to environmental projects, the possibilities are numerous. 

M barelv covered *>y Ae volunteer, and from around the world who guests, so there wasn’t the tore 

surface ofth " i accOTnmodations and food may become lasting friends, distance from the culture you Stil 

M ost vacaoonere 
barely scratch the 
surface of the cul- 
ture of the place they are 
visiting, and meeting local 
people who could introduce 
them to die real life of the 

place is nearly impossible for 

tourists. One way to get 
around these barriers is to 
join a volunteer project 

Through its 134 member 

organizations, UNESCO's 
Coordinating Committee for 
International Voluntary Ser- 
vice, for example, or ganize s 
ijiwork camps in Africa, Asia, 
> Europe and America, where 
■ volunteers stay for anywhere 
from two to five weeks or 

Travel ■ expenses are 

•Tfr| k. 

covered by die volunteer, and 
accommodations and food 
are usually provided for 
them. No particular skips are 
required, but the volunteer 
roust be over 18, The tasks 
involved might fnp.huto ag- 
ricultural, archaeological, 
construction or social work 
Or might involve environ- 
mental projects, preservation 
of the cultural heritage or as- 
sisting in cleanup after a nat- 
ural disaster. 

Thus, you might find 
yourself planting trees, help- 
ing to build a school or a 
playground or sifting through 
dirt looking for archaeolo- 
gical relics. In addition to 
participating in local Hfe, you 
will meet fellow volunteers 

from around the world who 
may become lasting friends. 

What life is tike 
Jill Gaston, an American liv- 
ing in. Paris, chose to spend 
three weeks in a village in 
Senegal, “two hours as the 
van bumps” from Dakar. Al- 
though the mission of foe 
group of 24 was to plant 
trees, Ms. Gaston was more 
interested- in discovering 
what life was like for a wom- 
an there. She bad foe novel 
experience of being a minor- 
ity forfoe first time in her life, 
as she was often foe only 
white person to be seen. 

“I made Senegalese 
friends,” she says, “and we 
were welcomed like house 

guests, so there wasn’t the 
distance from the culture you 
can have as a regular tourist. 
And, it marie me more ap- 
preciative of tilings 1 used to 
take for granted but that not 
everyone has access to, like 
tunning water, clean water, 
medicine, vegetables, electri- 
city, education, etc.*’ Her ex- 
perience in Senegal inspired 
her to volunteer to give lit- 
eracy classes to immigrants 
once she returned to Paris. 

It wasn’t all rosy, however. 
Ms. Gaston felt that the re- 
forestation project was 
poorly organized (no fencing 
had been provided to protect 
the saplings from goats and 
other anh nals) and tha t foe 
local association was not in- 

L v.f 

Not just a regular tovist Volunteer projects enable hamlets topartidapfe in the Acs of tocab and gah a perspective on that cuttwa. 

Nibbling at the Foundations of Food 

terested in long-term results. 
Still, she encourages others 
to join such projects, while 
advising them to find out as 
much as possible about foe 
place beforehand and learn 
about the local culture “so 
you can adapt quickly and 
get foe most exit of foe op- 

A positive experience 
A study conducted- by a 
French group called Reseau 
des Volontarres de Retour 
asked 4,000 former volun- 
teers about how their expe- 
rience had affected their 
lives. A full 97 percent felt 
that it had been a positive 
experience for themselves, 
while 84 percent said that 
their presence had been be- 
neficial for the project they 
worked on. Their volunteer 
experience continues to af- 
fect their relationships with 
others (80 percent) and foe 
overall quality of therr lives 
(48 percent), and they find 
themselves to be more open 
to other cultures (91 per- 

The primary motivation of 
most of foe volunteers was 
“to meet people from an- 
other culture” (69.9 percent) 
and “aid in the development 
of foe Third World” (66.3 

The Coordinating Com- 
mittee for International Vol- 
untary Service (Maison de 
r UNESCO, 1, rue Miollis, 
75732 Paris, France; tel.: (33 
1)45 68 27 31; &x: (33 1)42 
73 05 21; e-mail; ccivs@ Web site: http:// 
www.unesco.oig/ccivs) has 
brochures for Africa, Asia, 
America and Europe (30 
francs each), listing organi- 
zations that sponsor such 
camps. Potential volunteers 
should contact one in their 
own country for details. 


Language Schools: Insights Into Another 
Culture — Or Just Learning to Get By 

“Speech is civilization itself," wrote 
Thomas Mann in "The Magic Mountain," 
and travelers increasingly are making that 
association for themseives. 

From intensive two-week crash courses 
in Hungarian to year-long sabbaticals at the 
Soitionne in Paris (where participants ab- 
sorb not only the French language, but also, 
presumably, the French art of living), stu- 
dents from 10 to 80 and beyond are study- 
ing to become more civilized through the 
mastery of languages other than their 

Research suggests that the only way to 
be truly bilingual is to leam a second lan- 
guage at a very young age. Since that option 
is not available to most of us, language 
instruction tries to compensate with total 
immersion courses in the country where the 
desired language is spoken. 

According to Paul Decorvet, an academic 
at the International School of Geneva, 
“Scholarly intelligence has nothing to do 
with learnings language. Languages should 
be taught in a natural way — actively, as a 
child naturally teams a language, without 
stopping to translate.*' 

Many language programs are all-inclus- 
ive. with students Irving, dining and lodging 
either on-site or in arranged housing with 
local families, and all instruction in the local 
language. That is the case with the Bor- 
deaux Cours de Franpais, where no more 
than eight students attend a minimum of 
two weeks of morning classes and par- 
ticipate in a variety of activities later in the 

These activities invariably include wine 
tastings and appreciation of the Bordeaux 
lifestyle. "Because of our location," ex- 
plains Anastasia van Schaijik, director of 
student services, "we have a very know- 
ledgeable and discriminating clientele. We 
don't attract those looking for sunshine and 
beaches, but those who love good food and 

Connoisseurs of Burgundy may prefer La 
Card&re, located near the Jura Mountains. 
The weekto-week sessions include excur- 
sions by bus and bicycle and a multitude of 
sports activities. The number of non-French 
speaking participants Is strictly limited to 
ensure that students communicate en fra n- 

Monaco-based Home Language Interna- 
tional carries this fulHmmersion approach 
to its logical conclusion. In 30 countries 
around the world, students can arrange to 
live in the homes of their professors, blur- 
ring the distinction between "lessons” and 

Students can leam Chinese in Taiwan. 
Hungarian in Budapest, Portuguese in Sao 
Paulo, or English in the United States, 
Canada, Britain or Australia, "depending on 
what kind of accent you want" explains Ian 
Josephs, president and chief executive of- 
ficer of Home Language International. 

For top-level executives who don't want 
to change theirnormaf standard of living but 
do want the learning advantages of living 
with their teacher, Home Language offers a 
Five Star Course at the home of qualified 
teachers who come from wealthy families 
and live in affluent surroundings. "These 
cost about double the regular course, 
roughly $2,000 a week, with the same level 
of instruction, but rather different accom- 
modations," says Mr. Joseph. 

Yet another kind of language education 
is available in the urban environment. At the 
renowned Sorbonne of Paris, students en- 
roll in courses of “language and French 
civilization" for periods ranging from three 
to 11 weeks. All levels and all ranges of 
interest can be accommodated, and the 
choice of lodging is similarly wide. The city of 
Paris itself becomes part of the learning 

The British Institute in Florence offers 
two and four-week courses in Italian, both in 
the city center and — during the month of 
August — at the seaside resort of Massa 
Marittima. Food, wine, art. opera, and 
cinema are woven into some of the in- 
stitute's classes because, notes director 
Frank Woodhouse, a language cannot eas- 
ily be segregated from its surrounding cul- 

There is also an eight-day "Fast Track" 
course for businesspeople and profession- 
als; prior knowledge of Italian is a require- 
ment for admittance. 


Bordeaux Cours tie Frangris. 

Tel.: 133 55) 651 0076: 
fax (33 55) 651 7615: 
email: bls@imagineLfr 

British Institute. Tel.: (39 55) 284 032: 
fax:(3955)284 557. 

In Carddre. Tel.: (33 3) 8574 8311: 



Home. Language International. 

Tel.: (377) 9205 2121: 

The Sorbonne. 

Tel.: (33 1)4046 2677: 

When it comes to cooking schools for fun and travel you can be a city mouse or a country mouse. 

, a* 
..<>1 P f 

T he city mice are drawn 
to the big city, where 
they can master cook- 
ing techniques in a well- 
equipped cooking classroom 
during foe day and then have 
their pick of restaurants and 
. other urban attractions at 
night Courses may be as 
short as half a day or as long 
as several months for stu- 
dents with professional as- 
pirations. In terms of ex- 
' penses, lodging is separate 
from foe course fee, as are 
meals outside of class time. 

Lawyers and pastry 
A quintessential city cooking 
experience is that of the Ritz 
Escoflier fecole de Gastro- 
nomic Fran false in Paris. At 
this nine-year-old school en- 
sconced in the Ritz Hotel, a- 
participant m a morning class 
will be elbow's length from 
up to nine other students — 
a often lawyers, doctors, pho- 
tographers and musicians — 
* who may come from 40 
countries, all preparing 
meals under foe direction of 
hotel chefs. 

At the demonstration 
classes in the afternoon, up to 
40 students, including many 
native Parisians, jostle for 
views of master chefs chop- 
ping their way through the 
preparation of a full meaL 
What brings these groups 
together is a common love 
for cooking and a desire to 
explore its intricacies in the 
* country of origin. Says Jean- 
Philippe Zahm, director ot 
the Ritz School. “The same 
philosophy of life runs 
through all the things foa* 
% people create, so understand- 
* ing the food of a country 
helps us understand its^art 
and literature and music. 

The philosophy that “you 
are what you eat” explains 
, why cooking schools for 
non-natives are increasing m 
popularity, especially those 
in France and Italy. 

But one doesn't have to 
travel to Paris to uncover me 
secrets of classic cooking. 

Tante Marie’s Cooking 
School in San Francisco has 
classes by foe day, week, or 

fare Bordeaux] 

• Leam French in one of Ewope 5 


• Bordeaux Wine Gwr^es. 

1 C.ninU.aempnwau- 


E-nuiLbbaimaKiiW*^ %1S 

weekend, where local, stu- 
dents or visitors can leam 
about Asian noodle wrap- 
ping, Mexican cooking, or 
-bagels and doughnuts, 
among many other ethnic 
specialties, befitting the cul- 
tural mosaic of the host city. 
There is also a one-week 
“Cooking Vacation in San 
Francisco” taught by Tante 
Marie herself, which in- 
cludes a California country 
picnic and a dinner at Chez 

Close to the land 
Country mice prefer to glean 
their gastronomic insight 
closer to the land. For than, 
there is nothing better than a 
week in a country manor 
house, cooking with herbs 
and vegetables picked from 
the adjoining gardens. Such 
chateaux and villas abound in 
France and Italy and else- 
where (national tourist 
boards can provide listings), 
but some of foe best can be 
found in unlikely locations, 
such as England and Ire- 

The Bonne Boucbe is 

based in a restored Devon 
longhouse in Lower Beers, in 
foe West Country of Eng- 
land. Students (a maximum 
of six for practical sessions) 
are tiie house guests of chef 
Anne Nicholls and her hus- 
band Gerald, whose Global 
Gourmet agency specializes 
in food, wine and cookery 
holidays outside Britain. 

Courses range from one- 
day classes to certificate pro- 
grams of several months’ 
duration, sometimes with 
guest demonstrations and 
visits to nearby Michelin- 
starred restaurants and food 
establishments. According to 
foe Nicholls, what makes 
their school unique is that the 
atmosphere is "serious but 
relaxed and fun, with a lot of 
personal attention.” 

The BaJlymaloe Cookery 
School in County Cork 
draws students from around 
the world to its short, spe- 
cialized courses on Irish and 
international cooking, as 
well as to its three-month cer- 
tificate program. Co-owner 
Tim Allen reports that his 
celebrity wife Darina used to 




Leam to speak French 
University year - two semesters 
(October-Fab ruary, February-May) 
34 week long intensive sessions 
(June, July, September) 

All levels. 

Institut cPEtudes Francises 
pour Etudiants Et rangers 

23, rue Gaston-de-Soporta, 

13625 Aix-en-Provence, Cedex, France 
.^ff«709aRtt= + 33(0)4422302M 

attend cooking classes on foe 
Continent and would say to 
him, “But we can do just as 
well at home. Our local in- 
gredients are just as good” 
Students are taught how to 
choose foe best and freshest 
ingredients and how to rec- 
ognize quality products, as 
well as how to cook them. 
They live at Ballymaloe 
House and enjoy foe bucolic 
surroundings of an estab- 
lished Irish country-house 
hotel. Non-cooks can partic- 
ipate in wine tastings and 

gardening courses also held 
on foe premises. 

Clandia Flisi 

Ritz Cooking SchooL Tel.: 
(33 1) 43 16 32 89: fox: (33 1) 
42 60 5 1 31. 

Tante Marie's. Tel.: ( 7 415) 
788 6690; fax: (1 415) 788 

Bonne Bouche. Tel. and fax: 
BaUvmaloe. Tel: (353 21) 
646' 785: fax: (353 21) 646 



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PAGE 15 

Assailed at 
Nike Plant 

Study Finds Carcinogens 
In Vietnam Factory's Air 
By Steven Greenhouse 

New- frrfc Times Serv ice 

NEW YORK — U Determining Nike 
Inc.'s boast that it maintains model 
t . working conditions at its factories 
1 throughout the world, a prominent ac- 
counting firm has found many unsafe 
conditions at one of the shoe manu- 
facturer's plants in Vietnam. 

In an inspection report that was pre- 
pared in January for the company’s in- 
ternal use, Ernst & Young wrote that 
workers at the factory near Ho Chi Mirth 
■ City were exposed to carcinogens that 
exceeded local legal standards by 177 
times in parts of the plant and that 77 
percent of the employees suffered from 
respiratory problems. 

The report also said that employees at 
' ’ the site, which is owned and operated by 
a South Korean subcontractor, had to 
work 65 hours a week, far more than 
Vietnamese law allows, for $10 a week. 

The inspection report offered an un- 
usually detailed look into conditions at 
one of Nike's plants as the world’s 
largest athletic-shoe company was facing 
criticism from human-rights and labor 
groups that it treated workers poorly even 
as it lavished millions of dollars on star 
athletes to endorse its products. 

Although other U.S. manufacturers 
also have problems in overseas plants, 
Nike has become a lightning rod in the 
debate, especially because it earned 
about $800 million last year on sales of 
$9.2 billion. 

Critics of Nike ’s working conditions, 
who had been given a copy of the in- 
ternal report by a disgruntled employee, 
made it available to The New York 
Times and several other publications, 
prompting the company to call a news 
1 conference late Friday to address the 

“We believe that we look after the 
interests of our workers/' said Vada 
Manager, a Nike spokesman. “There's 
a growing body of documentation that 
indicates that Nike workers earn su- 
perior wages and manufacture product 
under superior conditions.” 

He and other Nike officials said the 
company had carried out "an action 
plan” to improve working conditions 
since the report was issued in January, 17 
months after the factory opened. The 
company said it had slashed overtime, 
improved ventilation and safety mea- 
sures and cut the use of toxic chemicals. 

The Erast & Young report pushed 
hard on a relatively new front for Nike's 
critics: air quality in its factories. Ernst 
& Young found that toluene, a car- 
cinogen, was in the air at different sites 
in the factory studied at six to 177 times 
the amount allowed by Vietnamese reg- 
ulations. Extended exposure to toluene 
is known to cause damage to the liver, 
A kidneys and central nervous system. 

A Cuban Cohiba premium cigar, left, and workers laboring at the Havana company that is in a dispute with a UJS. rival over the brand name. 

Cuban Cigar Maker Fumes Over Hijacked Trademark 

By Larry Robter 

New York TTmes Sen-ice 

HAVANA — There may be times when, as Freud 
said, a cigar is just a cigar. But when the cigar in 
question happens to be a Cohiba, that is surely not the 

To Cohans, Cohibas are a symbol of revolution 
because they were first made for Fidel Castro and 
remained his favorite cigar until he gave up smoking. 
On Wall Street, on the other hand they have become 
one of the most visible badges of material success, so 
cherished by tobacco lovers that Cigar. Aficionado 
magazine compared a Cuban-made Cohiba to **a 
superb main course at a Michelin three-star res- 

But now the company that has made Cohibas here 
since the mid-1960s finds itself in a dispute with an 
American competitor that is selling a cigar with the 
same name and a similar logo. And as might be 

expected, Cuban officials are fuming, dismissing the 
Cohiba marketed in the United States as an inferior 
product that damages the reputation of the entire 
Cuban cigar industry. 

“We think it is cheating the consumer,” said 
Adargelio Garricio de la Gran a, a lawyer for Habanos 
SA. die Cuban government's cigar export corpo- 
ration. “What a mixture!” he snorted scorning the 
rival Cohiba's composition, which includes tobacco 
grown in the Dominican Republic, Indonesia and 

Because of the 36-year-old American economic 
embargo against Cuba, Cohibas made here cannot be 
imported into the United States. 

But the strategy of both parties to the dispute 
suggests that they may be looking to the day when the 
embargo and the Helms-Burton Act, which last year 
tightened restrictions on Cuban commerce, are lifted 
and products made here can again be sold in the 
American market 

General Cigar Holdings Inc., a New York-based 
company, says it began using the Cohiba name in the 
United States as early as 1978. But it was not until 
this year that lawyers for Habanos formally chal- 
lenged that trademark, saying its property, which 
takes its name from an Indian word for tobacco, had 
been illegally expropriated. 

“Ir is very disconcerting that a serious company 
would try to appropriate the name of one of the most 
famous and sought-after cigars in the world by taking 
advantage of the inability of Habanos to enter the 
U.S. market." said Ana Lopez, the Cuban com- 
pany's marketing director. 

But A. Ross Wollen. a lawyer and senior vice 
president for General Cigar, said his company had 
acted entirely properly, and predicted that the" U.S. 
Patent and Trademark Office would eventually reject 
the Cuban complaint, which is pending. “We neg- 

See SMOKE, Pagel7 

BMW Denies It Made Bid for Rolls-Royce or Vickers 


FRANKFURT — Bayerische Motoren Werke AG 
said Sundayit had not made an offer to buy the British 
carmaker Rolls-Royce or its parent company, Vickers 

The Sunday Telegraph newspaper reported that 
BMW was preparing a£l billion ($1.69 billion) bid for 
Vickers to thwart a potential offer from Mayflower 
Carp, and that BMW was determined to acquire at 
least the Rolls-Royce unit. 

“There is no current offer for Rolls-Royce, nor for 
Vickers as a whole,” the spokesman said, but he 
repeated BMW’s position that Rolls-Royce would 
make a nice addition to its line of cars. 

The newspaper said BMW was also interested in 
Coswoith Engineering, Vickers's high-performance 
motor-components maker, and said the Munich-based 
car company could easily fund a takeover of Vickers. 

Two weeks ago, Vickers said it planned to auction 
off its Rolls-Royce Motors subsidiary. 

Although many potential buyers, including 
Daimler-Benz AG, quickly took themselves out of die 
running, BMW said it was interested and is widely 
thought to be the favorite to take over Rolls. 

Both The Sunday Telegraph and The Sunday Times 
newspapers said they expected Mayflower, an en- 
gineering company, to launch a hostile bid for Vickers 
this week unless a stock-market decline prompted it to 
delay. Mayflower makes body panels for Rolls-Royce 
cars. BMW’s Rover unit is Mayflower's largest Brit- 
ish customer. 

. Mayflower's cash offer, which also will carry a 
noncash alternative, will value Vickers at more than 
twice Mayflower's market value, The Sunday Times 
said. The article said the Mayflower bid had the 
support of BMW. Quoting analysts, The Sunday 

Times said BMW would prefer to refrain from buying 
Rolls-Royce now because it faced big demands on its 
resources from Rover and other units. 

Daimler-Benz, owner of Mercedes-Benz, has re- 
tained JJ 5 . Morgan & Co. to advise it on the possibility 
of bidding for Rolls-Royce Motors, the newspaper said. 
Analysts say that in a competitive tender. Rolls-Royce 
Motors would be worth £400 million to £500 million, 
much of which Vickers could return to shareholders. 

■ Toyota Aims a Luxury Model at Europe 

Toyota Motor Corp. aims to launch a luxury car for 
European markets within two to three years. Agence 
France-Presse reported from Tokyo. 

The car is designed to compete with models made 
by BMW and Daimler-Benz, the Nihon Keizai Shim- 
bun said, adding that the model would be developed 
and produced in Japan. 

Denies Halt 
Of A-Class 

Company Says Model . 
Excelled in Latest Tests 

By John Schmid 

Intmiiirnul HrrjM Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Daimler-Benz AG 
denied reports Sunday th3t it planned to 
halt deliveries of its Mercedes-Benz A- 
Class model, but the German luxury' 
automaker said it would continue to test 
the subcompaci model in response to 
repons that ii tends to flip over on 
extremely sharp turns. 

Daimler’s statement followed a re- 
pon Saturday in the daily Stuttgarter 
Zeitung in which Daimler's chairman. 
Juergen Schrempp, promised to stop de- 
liveries of the A -Class if it failed to meet 
the company’s safety benchmarks. 

But Daimler’s chief spokesman. Ro- 
land Klein, said, the car had performed 
•‘excellently" in the company’s latest 
round of internal tests. Daimler still is 
going through what is planned to be a 
five- io six-week testing period for the 
so-called Baby Benz ear that began two 
weeks ago. Mr. Klein said, but a defin- 
itive company policy on the new car is 
due by December af the latest, he said. 

Customers have begun to cancel or- 
ders for the A -Class vehicle, the newest 
and smallest one in the Mercedes fleet, 
amid concern that the car might be top- 
heavy and unstable. A Swedish car 
magazine reported that one of the cans 
had turned over during ie*is it run. lead- 
ing to the intense public scrutiny. 

Two w eeks ago. the company sought 
to reassure customers with an offer to 
refit vehicles already delivered with 
more stable new tires and a sophis- 
ticated computerized balancing system. 
It also said it would make the stiffer tires 
and the stabilization program standard 
equipment on all future cars at its own 

Subsequent tests on cars outfitted 
with the new equipment have demon- 
strated solid handling without any re- 
currence of cars flipping over on sharp 
curves, the company said. 

Daimler, saying "it had to protect its 
reputation for safety, has slowed current 
production of the A-Class until it has 
completed its own tests. 

Mr. Klein confirmed a report in 
Switzerland's Sonntagszeirung that 
Daimler's own engineers had flipped 
over an A-Class car in extreme driving 
conditions last week on an abandoned 
military airport near Stuttgart. But he 
said the car in that test had lacked both 
the new tires and the electronic bal- 
ancing equipment. 

He said the company also had con- 
ducted a “benchmarking test," subject- 
ing models made by other carmakers to 
the same ■ ’extreme conditions ' ’ and that 
those cars also had flipped over. The 
Swiss newspaper said the rival cars were 
the Astra, built by Adam Opel AG. the 
German unit of General Motors Corp.. 
and the Golf from Volkswagen AG. 


Novell’s CEO Dares Europe to Take Some Risks 

Eric Schmidt is chief ex- 
ecutive officer of Novell 
Corp.. the world's fifth- 

largest software maker, which 
specializes in de\'eloping 
software that manages com-, 
putcr networks. On a recent 
jw trip to Europe, he spoke with 
T Paul Florcn of the Interna- 
tional Herald Tribune. 

Q. In the past year, a num- 
ber of CEOs from leading 
North American information- 
technology companies have 
been complaining that 
Europe is lagging terribly be- 
hind much of the rest of the 
world in adopting technol- 
ogy. Would you agree? 

A. In my experience, the 
leading IT firms in Europe are 
as state-of-the-art as they are in 

the United States or any other, 
place. The issue for Europe is 
that there is a lower percentage 
of them. You can see this in the 
lack of Internet usage, which is 
a huge competitive disadvant- 
age for Europe. 

I r Vi ink Europe, in order to 
address these problems, 
needs to change the policies 
behind telecommunications 
and other technologies. One 
of the interesting benefits is 
that as a result of Europe lag- 
ging behind, technology mar- 
kets will grow faster for IT 
companies here. There will be 
more people trying to get 
state-of-the-art faster, be- 
cause everybody knows that 
it is important in order to be 
globally competitive. 

Q. Is it likely that tech- 


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nology is going to be created 
in Europe? 

A. For this to happen, there 
are a number of structural 
changes that must occur. 

What is important m Europe 
is the development of a ven- 
ture industry that creates local 
investment opportunity for lo- 
cal start-ups and technology 
innovation. Furthermore, in 
the United States we are ben- 
efiting from a high tolerance 
for failure, whereas in some 
European countries it is in fact 
criminal to have your business 
fail. As a result, executives are 
less likely to take risks. 

The whole question of 
competence is not at issue. 
People in Europe are cer- 
tainty as smart, if not smarter, 
and certainly as well edu- 
cated, if again not better. It is 
simply a structural issue, and 
there is simply no excuse for 
not fixing it 

Q. It would seem that U.S. 
companies are increasingly 
interested in developing re- 
search facilities in Europe. 
Could this help European in- 

A. I don’t think that the way 
to solve this problem is to 
mandate investment like we 
have seen over the last 10 

Eric Schmidt of Novell. 

years. This has been a big 
mistake. Rather, the right way 
to do it is to create positive 
incentives for local business 
people and entrepreneurs to 
create great global products. 
This is the only way in the 
long term. The deregulation 
of the telecommunications 
market is very positive be- 
cause it should unleash enor- 

mous amounts of innovation. 

Q.' How do you perceive 
the ' ‘year 2000’ ’ problem? 

A. Personally, I am sur- 
prised at how bad the problem 
is. I was not aware, and I think 

most people were not aware, at 
how extensive these 30- to 35- 

year-old solutions were in the 
industry as a whole. A number 
of customers dial I have 
spoken to have enormous 
business problems updating 
programs for which the pro- 
grammers are literally dead. 

1 have reluctantly concluded 
that all the press about the 
“year 2000’ ’ problem is in fact 
correct The danger, of course, 
is that the year 2000 problem 
coupled with the Euro, which 
occurs one year earlier — and 
by the way, you could not have 
scheduled it at a worse time 
from an IT perspective — will 
likely drain a lot of funds from 
a lot of other things. 

Q. You left Sun Microsys- 
tems Corp. last April Why? 

A. 1 had been at Sun for 14 
years, and I bad done pretty 
much everything that I 
wanted to do, including much 
of the Java stuff. I was in- 
terested in what was the next 
great area of innovation, and 
my conclusion after looking 
at it for a while is that there 
was one area in which there 
was likely to be a great deal of 
opportunity, excitement, 
competition and change with 
no entrenched leader, and that 
is in the area of what people 
do on networks, or what we 
call network services. 

Mexico Sets Up $2.5 Billion Loan 


MEXICO CITY —The Finance Ministry 
said Sunday the government had prepared a 
$2J billion contingency loan to help it ride 
' through turbulence in financial markets. 

“With this line of credit, the federal gov- 
ernment is looking to lessen the vulner- 
ability of our economy to external shocks,” 
the ministry said. The loan was backed by 3 1 
banks from 10 countries, it said. 

The line of credit is for one year but could 
be renewal for one more year. The loan also 

is aimed at allowing the government to have 
the resources to refinance its external debt 
in the event that international market tur- 
moil cuts off its access to capital markets. 

The ministry said the line of credit could 
be used to cover gaps resulting from an 
unexpected fall in revalue or increases in 
public spending caused by “external 
factors.” Those could come from an in- 
crease in interest rates, a reduction in pet- 
roleum prices or a sharp reduction or change 
of direction in capital flows, it said. 

James Bond’s 


PAGE 16 




Despite Inflation Threat, Stock-Market Turmoil Is Expected to lift Bonds 

Cim&lfd by Oar Suff From Dupaeka 

NEW YORK — U.S. bond yields are 
poised to fall below 6 percent this week 
for the first time since January 1996, as 
the world’s shaky f inan cial markets 
keep investors pouting money into. 
Treasury securities. 

“One more dip in the stock markets, 
and that could do it; we will move 
through 6 percent," said Carl Ericson, a 
fund manager at Colonial Management 
Associates in Boston. The company re- 
cently reduced the non-U.S. holdings of 
iis Colonial Strategic Income Fund to 
roughly 20 percent of the fund from 
about JO percent and used the proceeds 
to buy U.S. government debt 

The benchmark 30-year U.S. Treas- 
ury bond maturing in August 2027 was 
little changed Friday at a yield of 6.15 
percent, compared with 6.16 percent a 
week earlier. But that was a quarter of a 

percentage point lower it was than three 
weeks ago, when plunging stock prices 
started driving investors to the refuge of 
fixed-income assets. Hong Kong's 
benchmark Hang Seng stock index, 
which sparked the worldwide declines, 
has plunged 25 percent since Oct 17. 

“We are seeing a lot of flight capital 
from the Far East, and those dollars hit the 
Treasury market first," said Vic 
Thompson, a fund manager at Stare Street 
Global Advisors in Boston. “That’s the 
easiest thing for them to do." 

Also giving a lift to Treasury raices was 
the dwindling concern that the U.S. Fed- 
eral Reserve Board would raise interest 
rates again this year. A rate increase could 
aggravate the financial tumult in Asia and 
Europe by making U-S. investments even 
more alluring, investors say. 

The Fed typically raises bank lending 
rates to slow the economy and curb 

inflation. It last adjusted the target for 
federal funds in March, raising the rate a 
quarter of a percentage point, to 5.5 
percent The Fed's policy committee is 
scheduled to meet Wednesday. 

“As a result of concern about the 
global equity markets, the Fed will take a 


wait-and-see approach" to raising rates, 
said Michael Fields, a fixed-income as- 
sets manager at AMR Investments in 
Fort Worth, Texas. 

“We remain constructive on the U.S. 
bond market,'' Mr. Reids said, adding 
that AMR had recently bought Treasury 
securities. “I think 6 percent is realistic 
by year-end.” 

The chances for a rise in U.S. interest 
rates seemed' to increase after the Oc- 
tober jobs report released Friday showed 

that tight labor market conditions had 
started to push wages higher. 

Market participants say that if it were 
not for the problems in global financial 
markets, the Fed would have been ex- 
pected to tighten rates this week in re- 
sponse to the robust employment report 
But there was broad agreement among 
analysts that, while Fed policymakers 
were probably disturbed by the jump in 
wages in October and the drop in the 
unemployment rate to a 24-year low of 
4.7 percent, they would hold off for fear 
that a U.S. rate increase would rattle 
already shaky world financial markets. 

With the Fed on hold in the near term 
and global investors running for cover in 
the Treasury market, analysts and 
traders said. Treasury prices were not 
likely to fall much as long as the in- 
stability continued. 

“I'm not bullish,” said John Burgess, 

chief fixed-income portfolio strategist at 
Bankers Trust Global Investment Man- 
agement, ‘-but at the same time, with the 
backdrop of this global equity crisis, it s 
hard to be bearish. There’s cash flowing 
into bonds because people don't want to 
be in stocks.** • 

Traders say the turmoil in global mar- 
kets does not seem likely to disappear 
soon. If anything, they say, the problems 
in Asian and emerging nations’ markets 
seem to be worsening. 

There was an increasing focus on prob- 
lems m South Korea, where the stock 
market dropped a record 6.9 percent Fri- 
day, and on whether already troubled 
Japanese banks could weather a pro- 
longed in the Nikkei stock index. 

A report that Japan’s Yokohama Bank 
was planning to sell most of its stock 
holdings, together with the Nikkei stock 
index’s fall below 16,000 points Friday. 

led to worries that Japan’s system of 
cross-shareholding by private companies 
might be breaking down and Hut mure 
ales of Japanese stocks could result, 

TTie big dividing line now between 
bulls and bears is how much imruet they 
think the problems overseas w ill have on 
U.S. erowth ami inflation. 

Mr. Burgess said it was very difficult 
to quantify how - much impact the Asian 
market turmoil- would have on die 
United States and added that any impact 
would rake some time to play out. 

If not for the support that bonds got 
from those other financial -market prob- 
lems, he said, bond prices^ would nave 
fallen two to three points Friday on the 


lUIHrit IM r , ■ 

strong October employment data. 

* *Do I want to be owning bonds at 
v yield of the year w ith that kind of 
la?" Mr. Burgess asked. "No." . 



(Bloomberg. Britlsr Afim-tj 

Most Active 


The 250 most active international bonds traded 
through the Eunxlear system for the week end- 
ing Nov. 7. Prices supplied by Tetekurs. 

Rnk None 

cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Rnk Name 

Cpa Maturity Price Yield 

Belgian Franc 

166 Belgium Tbills zero TT/T307 99.3559 34.2900 

British Pound 

104 Rn Resid Hous 11.12409/30/50 1 424262 7.8100 
161 Aire Valley FRN 7.5443 1104/39 99.6300 7.5700 
173 Fannie MaeWB &Vi 06/07/02 99.4817 6.9100 

187 Abbey Nat TS 6 08/10/99 975000 6.1500 

205 Freddie Mac 6-620 05/30/00 98-2613 6.7400 

246IFCA 6X40 02/1700 98-0000 67700 

92 Germany 

93 Germany 

98 Treuhand 

99 Germany Tbills 
103 Germany 

107 TreuhanO 
112 Germany 
120 Trea hand 
129 Germany 
132 Germany 
136 Germany 

140 Germany 

141 Treutiand 
147 Germany 
151 Treuhand 
153 Treuhand 












154 Frank Hyp Cenlr 5V, 

Canadian Dollar 

184 Canada TbiD 
192 Canada 
207 Canada 

zero 02/05/98 99.1035 35600 
6 03/15/98 100.7200 5.9600 

m 12/01/03 1114250 6J300 

Danish Krone 

12 Dwirhork 


11/15*07 106X300 


16 Denmark 


11/10/24 1047700 


17 Denmark 


ayi 506 1127200 


24 Denmark 


1 VI SOD 110X000 


39 Denmark 


11/1502 1027200 


45 Denmark 


11/1501 1095100 


46 Denmark 


12/10/99 102.1500 


52 Denmark 


12/1504 T 06X500 


73 Denmark 


05/15*03 110.9700 


88 Nykredtt 


1Q01/29 96.7000 


96 NykietXI 


1001/26 925800 


102 Denmark 


11/15/98 104X500 


125 Denmark 


02/1508 100X000 


142 Real Danmark 


1001/29 96X000 


21 5 Denmark 


02/1500 987700 


233 Real KredIT . 


1001/26 932300 


158 Treuhand 

159 Germany 
167 Germany 

168 Germany 

169 Germany FRN 
179 Hessen Land 

189 Germany 

190 Germany Tbills 

191 Germany 
f93 Germany 
209 Germany 
21 9 Germany 
220 Germany 
231 llaiy 

236 Germany 

237 Germany FRN 

5W 02/21/01 101.2133 5.1900 
69k 12/02/98 1025100 66900 
614 0904/04 104.7543 5.9700 
zero 04/17/98 98.4600 35600 
BL* 08/21/00 1 095067 77600 
09/24/96 1017500 55500 
0522/00 109.6000 7.9800 
11/25/99 1047200 6.6800 
03/1500 104.1900 67400 
05/20/99 1025800 5.9700 
12/22/77 1003800 6.9700 
01/20/00 1055567 6.8700 
12/17/98 100.9200 4.9500 
02/22/99 1015500 53000 
06/25/98 1015400 65400 
01/14/99 100.9500 4.9500 
11/D3/D4 995411 5-5300 
11/12/03 1035467 57900 
6% 05/20/78 1015050 67900 
5% 09/20/16 955900 5.9000 
514 10/20/98 101.1200 5.1900 
3.049009/30/04 99.1100 3.0800 
5% 01/38*08 99.5500 5.7800 
64* 01/20/98 1004900 67400 
zero 01/16/98 997000 3.1400 
6VS 01/20/98 1 005400 6-5900 
10*20/99 1047250 67800 
08/24*78 1017700 57700 
09/20/99 104.5900 6-6900 
02/20/98 100.6500 67100 
07/10/07 99.1500 57000 
08*20/98 102.0900 67100 
04/06/00 997000 37600 

Rok Name 

Cpa Mrtfurily Price 


Portuguese Escudo 

250 Bar Imab FRN 

02/2807 1007303 

Spanish Peseta 

214 Hipotaba FRN 
245 Spain 

5X495 07/3Q/22 98X870 
7.900002/2802 109.1150 



Swedish Krona 

108 Sweden 1036 
114 Sweden 1037 
174 Sweden 

177 Sweden 

10W 050500 110X410 9X900 
8 O8H507 111X060 7X100 
11 0101/99 1065340 10X300 
5Vz 04/1202 98.0690 57100 

U.S. Dollar 

The Quest for Yield Spans the World 

in Global Market, South Korea’s Bad Debt Can Rock Investors in Brasil 



, i ii* 1 ' 

cr HI 1 

By Floyd Norris 

Mm* York Times Senice 

As one hedge-fund manager explained 
last week while lamenting his losses. 
Japan has been the big exporter of goods 
to Southeast Asia, so Japan's already 

NEW YORK — When it comes to . 

speculation, there are no national bound- sick economy will be the big loser if 


5 « 





Dutch Guilder 

Deutsche Marie 

2 Germany 

4 Germany 

5 Germany 
7 Germany 

14 Germany 

15 Germany 

18 Treuhand 

19 Germany ■ 

20 Germany 

21 Germany 

22 Germany 












23 Bundesab ligation AVi 

25 Germany 

26 Germany 

27 Germany 

29 Treuhand 

30 Germany 
33 Germany 94 

35 Germany 

36 Treuhand 

37 Federal Tsy 

38 Treuhand 

40 Germany 

41 Germany 

42 Germany 
44 Germany 

47 Germany 

48 Germany 

49 Germany 

50 Germany 

51 Treuhand 

53 Germany 

54 Treuhand 

56 Treuhand 

57 Germany 

58 Germany 

59 Germany 

61 Germany 

62 Germany 
65 Germany 

68 Germany 

69 Treuhand 

70 Germany 

71 Germany 

72 Germany SP 
74 Germany 

76 Germany 
79 Germany 
B0 Treuhand 
81 Treuhand 
83 Germany 
SJ Germany 
AS Germany 
87 Germany 
89 Germany 
91 Germany 

07/04/071024100 5.8500 
09/17/99 99.5950 4.0200 
07/04/27 1035400 67800 
G10407 102X000 55400 
18*20/00 1117783 87800 
01/21/02 1110900 77000 
12*02/02 1037620 7.1400 
10/14/05 1067350 6.1300 
0912/05 1087450 67500 
01/03/05111.0500 65400 
08*20/01 112-9400 7.7500 
02/22/02 98.1500 45800 
04/26061047600 5.9800 
0917/02 977567 47000 
07/22/02 1117900 7.1600 
01/29X13 1087000 65600 
09/20*01 1117786 7,4100 
01 AM/24 1005500 67200 
01/0906 1027800 57400 
09/09/04 1115500 67200 
03/19/99 997800 3.7700 
10*01/02 1117100 6.9800 
01/22/01 1127400 87300 
0922/00 1 02.7500 57000 
12/2900 HIM 77600 
06/1999 987500 35400 
02/1906 1027350 57300 
06/20/16 99.7500 67200 
08/20/01 1007200 49800 
10/21/02 1097000 67500 
07/09/03 1067900 67200 
12/20/02 1087125 65600 
04/23413 1057567 6.1400 
06/11/03 1077600 67900 
07/20/001107050 79500 
09/1903 1037000 57800 
02/20/01 1107600 77700 
09/1999 104.1400 67800 
11/2901 99.1900 4.7900 
11/11/04 111.7200 67100 
09/1998 997300 35100 
07/01/99 103.1500 6.1800 
0921/01 1007700 4.9800 
07/15/33 105.9800 6.1300 
zero 07/04/27 1570 65100 

6* 04/22/031077200 67100 
11/21/00 101.0300 57700 
02/24/99 1032300 67600 
05/13/04 1072400 62900 
04/29/99 1020700 57300 
12/1998 997500 35200 
02/2998 1005900 5.9600 
01/13/00 105.0300 67600 
05/15*00 1029150 5.7100 
0921/01 111 75500 

07/15*04 1075260 62800 




■ 6 





















6 V*S 

60 Netherlands 
66 Netherlands 
105 Netherlands 
117 Netherlands 
119 Netherlands 
1Z7 Netherlands 
130 Netherlands 

137 Netherlands 

138 Netherlands 

139 Netherlands 
143 Netherlands 
146 Netherlands 
149 Netherlands 
155 Netherlands 

162 Netherlands 

163 Netherlands 

164 Netherlands 
170 Netherlands 
176 Netherlands 

181 Netherlands 

182 Netherlands 

183 Netherlands 
201 Netherlands 
206 Netherlands 
21 7 Netherlands 
223 Netherlands 



























07/1998 1017500 6.1600 
02/15/07 100.8800 5.7000 
01/15/01 111.8000 8.0500 
03/15A11 1105000 77700 
01/1923 1165500 67200 
09/19021025000 57100 
01/15/06 1029000 5.8300 
05/01/001092500 8.0100 
04/19031057500 6.1400 
01/1904 1022000 57300 
02/1903 108.1000 67800 
11/1905 107.7500 62600 
03/15/99 1035500 6.7700 
03/01/05 11375 65300 
091905109.1000 67200 
091900 T 075000 77700 
10X11/98 1022500 67000 
1001/04 11070 65700 

0901/06 11914 7.1100 

04/15/10 1155500 65200 
091999 1047500 7.1700 
02/19991029000 65600 
02/1902 111.90 75700 

09/1901 1128000 7.7600 
01/1900 1065500 72900 
07/1998 1017000 67000 

‘1 Brazil Cap S.L 
3 Brazil FRN 
6 Brazil LFRN 

8 Argentina FRN 

9 Mexico 

10 Argentina par L 

11 Brazil 

13 Argentina 
28 Venezuela 

31 Argentina 

32 Russia 

34 Venezuela FRN 
43 Brazil S.L FRN 
55 Bulgaria FRN 

63 Venezuela par A 

64 Mexico FRN 
67 Mexico VrA O 
75 Brazil par Z1 

77 Brazil SJ_ FRN 

78 Mexico 

82 Bulgaria FRN 
86 Brazil 
94 Ecuador FRN 
97 Canada 

100 Brazil SJO FRN 

101 UiklnferRn 
106 Poland FRN 
109 Argentina FRN 
llOMadcoA FRN 
111 Korea Dev Bank 
113 Triangle FRN 
1 16-Tohaku Elec 
118 Ecuador par 

121 Canada 

122 Russia 

4V6 04/15/14 765543 55800 
010101 932500 7J100 
6Vu 04/15/06 807795 82900 
6V* 03*29/05 845297 7.9100 
11V4 05/15/26 1112324 102400 
514 03*31/23 697147 7.9000 
101* 05/15/27 832226 1 21700 
944 09/19/27 875111 11.1700 
91* 09/15/27 875998105800 
1144 01/30/17 1067038 107600 
10 06/2607 937313107800 

90.1531 77900 
73.0000 92500 
745675 8.9900 
845000 7.9900 
797549 75600 
785750 7.9200 
665125 75600 
7B7375 87100 


95 France OAT 
144 France OAT 
160 France BTAN 
171 France BTAN 
203 Spam 
226 Britain T-bflls 
230 France OAT 
240 France BTAN 
242 Fiance OAT 

04/25/07 97.9100 57200 
04/25/06 1085100 67500 
03/16/01 1025500 55300 
07/12/02 965600 47500 
01/31/08 100.1250 5.9900 
zero 11/13/97 995443 35.0000 
64* 04/25/02 105.7200 65800 

5 03/16*99 1005000 4.9900 

6 04/25/04 1027000 55400 






Finnish Markka 

165 Finland Serial s 714 04/13/061095797 67200 

French Franc 

178 France OAT 
196 France BTAN 
212 FrunceOAT 
222 France BTAN 
241 France OAT SP 

644 10/26*03 1077500 65700 
74* 04/12/M 1075388 75300 
5Vj 04/25/07 99.1500 55500 
4 01/12/M 98.9200 45400 

zero 10/25/19 255700 67600 

Irish Punt 

270 Ireland 

614 54*01/9 9 101.0350 6.1900 











Italian Lira 

90 Morgan Gita run 
208 Italy 

zero 10/30/37 6 759M 

84* 070106 1175600 777M 

Japanese Yen 

216EIB Sri 3 
224 NTT 



09/20/07 1025305 207M 
07/25/07 104.1009 240M 

64* 12/18/07 
64* 04/15/12 
616a 07/28/11 
64* 03/31/20 
655 12/31/19 
655 12/31/19 
514 04/15/24 
64* 04/1609 

9** 01/1607 1015000 9.7300 
6V* 07/28/24 74.0000 90400 
84* 11/0601 957021 95000 
31* 02/28/15 69.72M 47600 
64* 0628*06 1035807 65000 
6V» 04/1624 795000 871 M 

I 11/03*03 1017250 0.9800 
6V* 1 0/27/24 95JOOOO 7.0400 
69k 03/31/23 797877 87300 

6792512/31/19 897875 77600 
71* 05/1506 905112 8X400 
10/04/05 99.9063 
SVu 090907 785618 85100 
6Vk 10/3602 1005750 67800 
3% 03/28/25 527895 67400 
6*h 07/1502 1003889 6.1000 
91* 11/2701 983885 97000 

123 Argentina FRN 57568040101 106X310 533M 

124 Bulgaria 21* 07/28/12 58.1250 3X700 

126 Mexico B FRN 6717212/31/19 915557 755M 
128 Mexico C FRN 6X20312/31/19 917350 77400 
131 Mexico 114* 09/15/16 109.7147 103700 

133 Mexico D FRN 6W» 12/28/19 90.8018 75000 

6 11/0600 995000 6X300 

’84* 12/2003 92.1743 9X900' 
644 061807 88X800 75900 

II 100906 101.9112 105900 

94* 020601 1035500 97400 

4 18*27/14 847819 45300 

6 Via 02/28/25 797722 83900 

61* 10*2802 100X000 65500 

84* 09/30/27 90.0000 9X600 

61* 02/1804 1005994 676M 

64* 06/25071017250 65200 

64* 0307071023750 677M 

6 02/2106 97.1250 6.1800 

100403 99X750 

64* TQ/2802 9955M 678M 
195 Argentina FRN 5756809/0102 11 370M 4.97M 

197 Poland par 3 1 0/27/24 59.0000 5X8M 

198 BCD Coro Ext. 7V* 020204 908007 7.98M 

199 Peru Front Red. 31* 0307/17 617375 559M 

2M World Bank 64* 0^2106 1027250 67600 

202TMCC 7 06/11071053604 6.6500 

204 Finland 54k 020706 975558 6X2M 

211 CADES FRN 5531312/1001 995600 55600 
213Un BkNor FRN 5.75 IQ/14/99 99X8M 5.75M 

64k 09/27/23 1M.1 250 6X7M 
71* 06/1307 103 J500 6X7M 
54* 08/1402 99.67M SJ7O0 
ZBTO 07/10/98 955625 6.9400 
3 1 1/3002 1 03X750 2X9M 
64* 03/31/20 845000 7.99M 
84* 1007/16 89.1265 9X2M 
6.976606*2702 983443 7X9M 
5593805/1202 99-9800 559M 
6Vk 10/28*02 100.1748 63100 
6Vk 05/3001 1017446 671M 

7 05/2307 103.1250 6.7900 
74* 070506 103.1250 75200 
zero 1104/21 183990 73000 
84* 10/3107 96.0000 8X800 

aries. As world markets swooned at the 
end of last week, the most intriguing 
report came out of South Korea. 

B anks there had borrowed money and 
loaded up on Latin American bonds. 
Now, facing margin calls, they were 
dumping the bonds. 

What, you might ask, were South 
Korean banks doing baying Latin Ameav 
ican bonds? The same thing, it appears, 
that they were doing buying Russian and 
Turkish securities — looking for yield; 
and to maximize their profit, they were 
buying on margin. 

South Korean banks, like those in a 
number of other Asian countries that 
once were growing rapidly, have a lot of 
bad domestic loans to c o nfront as their 
economies slow. And it looks as if some 
of them have been rolling the dice else- 
where to ay to cover their losses. 

When Asia’s troubles surfaced in the 
summer, some clever traders figured 
they were good for American markets. 

Asian economies stop growing. 

American markets are logical havens 
for those newly worried about submer- 
ging emerging markets, and Japan’s ex- 
tremely low interest rates mean that those 
who want to speculate can still do so 
cheaply, assuming their credit is good. 

The questions now are just how' much 
tighter credit is going to get for dubious 
borrowers and whether the will to spec- 
ulate will be as strong as it was. 

It makes an interesting quandary for 
investors, and an even more interesting 
one for the Federal Reserve Board poli- 
cymakers who are supposed to decide 
this week what they will do about short- 
term interest rates. 

Look at the economic data in the 
United States, including the jobs report 
released Friday, and you could easily 
conclude that die American economy is 
in danger of overheating — and that a 
Fed tightening is in order. 

Look at the turmoil in world markets. 

and you could easily conclude that the 
Fed should case rates, as it did after the 
1987 stock-market plunge. Add them 
rogerher, and you get the Wall Street 
consensus — that the Fed will nervously 
do nothing. 

Logically. Third World bond markets 
ought to stabilize before their slock mar- 
kets do. Buyers of Larin American 
Brady bonds are now getting about 6.2 
percentage points more than the yield on 
U.S. Treasury issues on the part of the 
loan not guaranteed by (he United States, 
nearly double the figure a month ago 

There are probably some bargains in 
such bonds, but it appears that would-be 
buyers are holding back, waiting to see 
just how much leveraged speculation is 
in danger of coming undone. 

Given the American public’s belief in 
stocks, it is unlikely that America's 
stock markets will collapse. Even w ith 
its 102-point drop Friday', the Dow Jones 
industrial average postal a gain for the 
week. But the risk remains dial more 
evidence of unexpected and unwise 
speculation will emerge. We may be just 
starting to learn how interconnected 
world markers now arc. 


Investor Sees His Chance in Brazil’s Stormy Markets 

By Jonathan Fuerbringer 

Alar York Times Service 

134 Banque Natans 

135 Argentina 

145 Venezuela FRN 
148 Argentina 
150 Mexico 
152 Poland Inter 

156 Ecuador FRN 

157 ADB 
172 Panama 
175 Credit Local 

185 [ADB 

186 Ontario 

188 Triangle FRN 

NEW YORK— For Jesus Duarte, 41, 
portfolio manager of the Montgomery 
Latin America fund, Tuesday morning, 
OcL 28, was the worst. 

It was not because the markets in 
which he invests had plummeted the day 
before and were still tumbling. He was 
disappointed that tm had missedachance 
to tay some stocks when they were 
really cheap. 

Do not sell, he believes, unless you 
have to. Thai is a stand he stuck with 
even as Latin American markets began 
to fall again last week, bolding firm as 

comnnicacoes Brasileiras SA, or Teleb- 
ras, the Brazilian telephone company. 

“I was trying to get Telebras at 82 ” on 
the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange, he said, 
wistfully, remembering that the 12.8 per- 
cent plunge at the opening of the Brazili- 
an market had taken these shares to their 
lowest price since the end of January. 

That plunge, however, caused an 
houriong halt m trading in Brazil. When 
trading resumed, the Dow had turned 
around on Wall Street and was heading 
toward its record one-day gain of 337 
points, and Telebras rebounded so 
quickly that it was not cheap for long. 

In feet, he could not get the local shares, 
so he turned to the U.S. market and ended 
up paying $100.50 a share, or about 111 

they plunged Friday. At one point, the _ „ 

Brazilian market was down more than 10 reals, for the company’s American 1 de- 
percent before trimming its loss to 6.4 positary receipts that trade in New York 

21 8 Italy 
221 Tokyo Elec Pwr 
225 Santander FRN 
227 CADES 
228MBL Inti Rn 
229 Venezuela par B 
232 Philippines Fix 

234 Mexico FRN 

235 Italy FRN 

239 Canada 

243 British Telecom 

244 China Peoples 

247 British Gas 

248 Lebanon 

percent Even so, Mr. Duane seized op- 
portunities to buy. 

Sure, world markets have given Mr. 
Duarte and other money managers plenty 
of indigestion lately. On Oct 27, Hong 
Kong's stock market dropped 5.8 percent 

— not as good, but the stock did close at 
$1 14.50 that day, a 14 percent jump. 

He was sticking it out in Brazil, be 
said, because the value was there. 

“In Brazil, at these levels, the reward 
is greater than the risk, looking at the 

desire to buy was hampered by the need 
to cover withdrawals from "die fund, 
which has assets of about S8.8 million. 

One client, he said, withdrew more 
than $500,000. For that, Mr. Duarte sold 
a big block of his stock in Empresa 
National de Eletriddad SA, or Endesa, 
the Chilean electric company. 

Butas he tried to focus on buying tit the 
past two weeks, bad news and unansw er- 
able questions swirled around him. 

There were rumors about Brazilian 
banks that might fail, he said. 

Traders speculated about when Brazil 
would raise interest rates to defend the 
country’s currency againsrthe kind of 
attacks that had forced devaluations in - 
Southeast Asia and were now threat- 
ening the much healtliier Hong Kong' 
dollar, and he and his colleagues all-' 
Montgomery were groping ro figure out 1 . 
where the bottom of the Latin American! 
market would be. ■- 

“When they saw that fall." he said a £ 

after an 18 percent plunge the previous longer term,” he said. He remembers 
week. The Dow Jones industrial average vividly the market declines — and sharp 

traders watching ihebig decline f' 

249 Nfg/fchcse FRN 5X92 010^10 49.0000 T039M 

The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, Nov, 10-14 


followed with a 554-point decline. 

The Dow’s 7 percent plunge, 
however, was just about half the 15 
percent sell-off in Brazil, die 13.7 per- 
cent fell in Argentina and the 13 percent 
fell in Mexico. 

But what hurt more, Mr. Duarte re- 
called as be reviewed his market roller- 
coaster ride of the past several weeks, was 
missing the chance to boy shares in Tele- 

rebounds — - after the sudden Mexican 
peso devaluation at the end of 1994, not 
long after he joined Montgomery as a 
Latin American stock-picker. 

During what he called “a time of panic 
selling" on Oct 27 and 28, he said that 
all he wanted to do was “to buy more” of 
Telebras. The question, he said, then 
became, “How do we get the money?” 
Although he had some cash on hand, his 

Tuesday morning in Brazil, "thev cer- *■ 
tainly did panic, and they thought the ) 
devaluation would hit. ” * : \ 

It did not. But then last week, which . 
started out with a rally, ended with 
Brazil. Mexico and Argentina all down 
sharply Friday. 

So far, however. Mr. Duarte has held 
on to the core of his holdings. "Al- 
though the growth in Brazil” will be 
lower, the country has been oversold,” 
he said of the market declines of the past 
two weeks. 

piacc i 

A setwdute ot das week's economic am Brumde) wm oompdod for me Imomnional Herakt TnOuno by BtoomOorg Business News. 




New International Bond Issues 


This Week 

Manila: Department of Labor and 
Employment to hold national con- 
ference to discuss increasing the 
minimum wage. 

Manila: President Fidel Ramos to 
sign law overhauling tax system. 

Madrid: Bank of Spain is expected 
to release October money supply 
and the Labor Ministry to release 
October registered unemployment 
Moscow: President Boris Yeltsin vis- 
its China, through Wednesday. 

Earnings expected: John Alden Fi- 
nancial Corp., Westinghouse Elec- 
tric Corp. 

Compiled by Charlotte Sector 








P «w 





Floating Rate Notes 

Jupiter Funding 
Sanwa Australia Finance 


European Investment Bank 

SI 00 

2001 ai9 100J0 — Otfer3-mfflifti Utwr. Average We 7J years. Fees 1 V , J . (Motgan Stanley 

1998 tibor 1 00-02 — .lutmaal wffl be the 3-month Ubot. Nanonilebte. Fees 0X5°j. (Samw lirHl 



Nov. 10 

Sydney: Government releases 
housing finance figures for Septem- 

Tokyo: Construction Ministry releas- 
es figures on public works construc- 
tion starts in September. 

Basel: Bundesbank President' Hans 
Tietmeyer chairs monthly meeting 
of Group of 10 central bank gov- 
ernors at the Bank for international 

Oslo: Statistics Norway releases Oc- 
tober consumer price figures. 

Ottawa: Statistics Canada releases 
September price index for new hous- 

Earnings e x pected: Tyson Foods 

2002 V* 100X3 = Beta* 3-monlh Libor. NowaBoOte. fob lisCBonomlnattora EUtam'iSotonwn BroTOm. 

Opus Series 1 


2007 0.10 100X0 


SSXSSS" 9Wa - No "« n ** te - F «= D— ctoaooa 



‘ iniuilie 

CJR International 

ITUOaOOO 2002 Vi 1 OO.OO - OwraroomtiUbor. 

in a0aL Fun 0 tele ■»! outstanding IssuTSfai™ total 
amount to 300 bffion fire. Fees OJZPa. (Banco Gmmcrdale itofanaj W 



Nov. 11 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases 
wholesale price figures for October. 
Tokyo: Electronic Industry Associ- 
ation of Japan releases figures on 
domestic shipments of televisions 
and videocassette recorders for 

Brussels: European Automobile 
Manufacturers Association releases 
Western European car registrations 
for October. 

Stockholm: Riksbank sets securi- 
ties repurchase rate. 

New York: Eastman Kodak Co. 
holds news conference to announce 
details of a restructuring. 
Washington: American Petroleum 
Institute’s weekly report on U.S. 
petroleum stocks, production, im- 
ports and refinery utilization. 

General Electric Capita I 

DM30 ° ™ 5 101665 100 - is ot 100.14. Noncallable. Fees p;"*. (Goldman Stn^ST 

World Bank 

ITL200000 2007 11.05 1006* — 

KFW Finance 


DFL250 2003 SVs 10175 — Reoffend at 99X5. Nanamatfe. 

DFLliOOO 2008 54* 100.622 100.10 


Credit Local de France 

ECU100 2002 SVi 

Wednesday Sydney: Government releases re- 
Nov. 12 suits of its review of the compilation 
of the consumer price index. 
Tokyo: Japan Automobile Dealers 
Association releases figures on 
used car sales in October. 

Dusseldorf: Reimut Jochimsen. a 
member of the Bundesbank Coun- 
cil, speaks at international Bankers 

Paris: Insee releases provisional Oc- 
tober consumer price index. 

Washington: Federal Reserve’s pol- 
icy-setting Federal Open Market 
Committee meets to discuss inter- 
est rates. 

New York: ITT Corp. annual meet- 
ing to vote on takeover offer from 
Hilton Hotels Corp. 

102J)5 10075 Moncat 


las* Week's Markets Euromarts 


Stock Indexes 

Money Rates 

Nov. 13 

Taipei: Central bank holds a board 
meeting to review its monetary pol- 

Tokyo: Finance Ministry releases fig- 
ures on Japan’s current account in 

Bonn: Chancellor Helmut Kohl ad- 
dresses Bundestag on the Euro- 
pean summit on employment in Lux- 

Helsinki: Statistics Finland releases 
October unemployment figures. 

Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports initial weekly state unemploy- 
ment compensation insurance 

Earnings expected: Woofwortfi 
Corp- Gap Inc. 

Untied States 
DJ Indus. 
DJ Trans. 


54 1 ... 
5 & Plod 


Nov. 14 

Taipei: Government reports gross 
domestic product figures for the 
third quarter. 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases fig- 
ures on bank lending in October. 

Bonn: Government's council of eeo- Washington: President Bill Clinton 
nomic advisers presents annual re- meets witfi President Ernesto Zedil- 







TSE Indus. 



Now. 7 OC131 %OTge 
7X8132 7742X8 +1X7 

241.99 24259 
118433 3(13176 
884X7 87373 

927X1 91472 

1X8053 1X6554 
48739 481.14 
1X02X9 1X9360 

Eurobond Yiefds 

+ 179 
+ 1J8 
+ 171 
+ 171 
+ 1X8 
+ 055 

Prime rate 
Feriorat fends rate 

NOV. 7 





tem.7 tanWHaa rrim 

Weekly Seles 
Prtflinry Mofkd 


1583636 1475894 -3J8 

4,70630 484330 —171 

685870 &84X0 +826 

2/599J1 2.739X9 -ITS 

port on the economy to Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl. 

Helsinki: October consumer price 

lo of Mexico. 

Washington: Federal Reserve’s 
weekly report on commercial and 
industrial loans at U.S. commercial 

DA JT -1 

3799X9. 872679 -872 






s^nonRi interbank 
Brttatn . 

Hank bow rate 
Call money 
5^noftfh Interbank 

Intervention rat# 
Cm mon ey 
3-monttl interbank 
Call money 
3-month Interbank 













3 Vi 




UX.l long term 

. J "S**" to™ 1 

U5.S, short tenn 
Pounds sterling 
Ffeocn francs 
Danish kroner 
gwtteh kronor 
ECUs, long term 

ECUa mdm term 
Con. I 
N i* 











































5 36 



* Hons 

25U.U 133 8 

15.0 JJ7 
337J 491 a 

» Mot* 

961.9 467.1 

04,5 I63J 
9847 1001 

strain hta 


JMti 4 in. nop h iuthi.T 

Total 107 UU 11X49.9 liiav." 

Secondary Worker 

SOmeie Luembouro stack axhangc. 

1110450 KL623J8 


London nun, fees 

WkU Soda hm MonmSkmlev Captoi IntlPmpKHve. 







5 H m 

ShofeWs«)7575 19X34 91 iU870 S n 
Convert. Usu.7 Sr «lbmj j 

Total V/,8017 SfciVMLTJUum 2 HL604 S 

Source- EwoUear. t MW Bans. 

925.76 903X8 +251 

N«r.7 Od.31 %Ch , flo 
3W-70 31170 -0X7 

Libor Ratos 

. THPWuth temn 

UX.I 5>s 

Oouteete mark 34 3*w 

Pound steritnp Tn 7\% 

Sources; Ueyth Bank. Rcutcn. 




French tronc 


1 month 








. V 


Hi b 


lls. Investors Feel Overbought Overseas 

By Sharon R. King 

.Vnr Yuri Tunc a Sen-in- 

N EW YORK — Billie Taylor has 
a little money in international mu- 
tual fundi. 

But given the risks of foreign 
investing, he generally likes to plav 
overseas markets the old-fashioned 
way: by buying slock in American 
multinational corporations. 

“1 think you can get very good 

1st, there are some signs that other week moving average of fund flows vantage when Americans buy a for- 
American investors may also be be- — negative for the first time in two eign investment, it is a disadvantage 
ginning to feel that overseas is over- years. For the four weeks that ended when they arc already invested, 
done. Wednesday, the four-week moving The recent bad news from Asia 

The recent turmoil in Asia has led average had a loss of S 100 million, traveled around the globe quickly. 

A Slower Flow 

The net flow of dollars into 
foreign equity mutual funds 
has diminished since last 

: given the risks of fa™.- {^y international investors to dash Moreover. American investors calling into question whether for- 

j n o he eenerallv Kt™ ^ exiL s. In the week thal ended were getting nervous about inter- eign investing delivers the diver- 

afinaikets the old.faJ? ** 2 U.S. investors pulled $213 national investing even before the sification it is assumed to offer. 

million more out of intemationai Thailand crisis surfaced in midsum- 
— ■ mer. For fluids that focus on emerg- 


American co Livin' equity funds than they pul in, ac- 

Tivlor 57 a renrmf't!' -t,****^ ? or ^ug to AMG Data Services, an 
ifrins Ohio **Whnt^ aC ^ er 10 ^ et ‘ ^dependent tracker of fiind data in 
Medina Id’s or^,* "SP California. In the next week, 

UvS? Man?- Gartb,e which ended Wednesday, the net 

outflow was S718 million. 

owned shares m whjch has This exodus was minimal com- 
The S pared with the Total assets of inter- 

ihe recent gyrations in Asian 

stock markets have affirmed and 
strengthened Mr. Taylor’s stay-at- 
home investing philosophy. While 
America is hardly turning isolation- 


Ik"/ : 

U \\ 

1 ^0 

ing markets, the four-week moving 
average has dwindled from the $800 
million level last spring to its most 
recent negative number. 

In another, if slight, sign of grow- 
ing skittishness, in late August a sur- 
vey by Montgomery Asset Manage- 
ment found that 72 percent of the 750 
investors responding believed that in- 
ternational mutual funds would per- 

national funds — about $209 billion form well this year. Just three months 
— but in terms of flows it was sig- earlier, the figure was 80 percent 

nificant. The recent outflows turned a 
widely followed U.S. measure of in- 
ternational investing — the four- 

The dollar's recent strength may 
also be damping enthusiasm. 

While a strong dollar is an ad- 

Aftcr Hong Kong’s Hang Seng 
Index fell 5.8 percent on Oct 27, the 
Dow Jones industrial average fell 
7.2 percent, in its biggest one-day 
point drop in history, and other mar- 
kets fell as well. Friday, when 
Tokyo's Nikkei 225-stock average 
fell 4.3 percent a jittery Dow- 
dropped 13 percent. 

Given currency risk, the volatility 
of many foreign markets and liquid- 
ity problems, “if your goal is to 
participate in international trade, you 
can get an awful lot of that by in- 
vesting in the right American compa- 
nies,” said Donald Marron. chief 
executive of PaineWebber Inc. 

SI .000 million 


600 &LMr 

— 4-week 




400 i- 

- !■ S 

tf' ] i Yrr p 

A S O N 

Source: AUG Data Services 

r f i * * 

Tietmeyer Tries to Cut Off 
Feud Over EU Bank Post 

co AMi-n,nl Wm wim Duisenberg, to take the post. 

bKANM-uRT — The president Mr. Tietmeyer has supported the 
of the Bundesbank. Hans Tietmey- Dutchman for it. 

U.S. Exchanges Urged to Expand Capacity 

er, said a prolonged dispute over the . D . - , 
leadership of the European central U Bas,ness Backs Labour 
bank could threaten confidence in The Labour government has won 
the future single European currency, the backing of much of British busi- 
a Bundesbank spokesman said Sun- ness for its stance on Europe’s 
day- planned monetary union, according 

in a published newspaper report to a survey released Sunday by the 
Saturday, Mr. Tietmeyer said he be- Confederation of British Industry, 
lieved it was important that the They survey found that 72 percent 
choice of the head of the bank did of companies thought Britain should 
not lead to long conflicts. plan to join economic and monetary 

“A prolonged public dispute union as soon as it achieved eco- 
couid endanger confidence in the nomic convergence with its Euro- 
single currency." Mr. Tietmeyer pean partners, Reuters reported, 

The spokesman also confirmed 
that Mr. Tietmeyer told the Finan- CIW/Yl4 r 17 , « S' i 
cial Times that he did not consider O iVJH-F jVJtLi • LUOfll 
himself a candidate to lead the bank. 

Prime Minister Roman Prodi of Continued from Page 15 
Italy had raised that question last 

week, suggesting that Mr. Tietmey- istered the name Cohiba 20 y< 
er would be a good candidate. ago, but it has had limited dti 
Mr. Tietmeyer also said the bank bution until now,” Mr. Wollen s 
would have to be ready to start op- “Internationally, most people 

Bloomberg News 

BOCA RATON, Florida— Wall 
Street should spend tens of millions 
of dollars to double its trading ca- 
pacity to more than 9 billion shares 
a day by 2000, according to Frank 
Zarb, chairman of the National As- 
sociation of Securities Dealers. 

“We shouldn’t be deceived 
with the success we had,” Mr. 
Zarb. said Saturday at the Secu- 
rities Industry Association's an- 
nual conference here. 

Mr. Zarb and Richard Grasso, 
chairman of the New York Stock 
Exchange, urged markets, broker- 

New York Stock Exchange to close dling of the record trading volume 
Arthur Levitt, chairman of of Oct. 28. 

: unties and Exchange Com- Mr. Zarb also said the strains of 

n, has praised the markets increasing volume would force 
andling the extraordinary consolidation among exchanges in 
e in an orderly fashion. Europe and elsewhere overseas. 
Zarb said the Nasdaq stock Separately. Mr. Grasso sugges- 
L which is run by the NASD, ted that the Big Board might be 
id to spend millions of dol- ready to change the often-criti- 

early. Arthur Levitt, chairman of 
the Securities and Exchange Com- 
mission, has praised the markets 
for handling the extraordinary 
volume in an orderly fashion. 

Mr. Zarb said the Nasdaq stock 
market, which is run by the NASD, 
planned to spend millions of dol- 

lars to expand its capacity to 4 cized circuit-breaker rules that 
billion shares a day by 2000. Mr. halted trading lost month. 

Grasso said he expected the Big U.S. markets shut down twice 

PAGE 17 

Brunei Pledges Aid for Indonesia 

JAKARTA l AFP) — Brunei has pledged $1.2 billion in 
standby loans to Indonesia, state television reported. 

Slate Secretary Murdiono said Sulian Hassanal Bolkiah of 
Brunei made the pledge Saturday during a meeting here with 
President Suharto. 

Malaysia and Singapore previously made financing com- 
mitments to Indonesia. Australia. China. Hong Kong. Japan 
and the United Stares also have said they would contribute to 
an aid package led by the Intemationai Monetary Fund. 

Gujral Predicts Recovery in India 

NEW DELHI i AFP) — Prime Minister Inder KumarGujral 
has said the Indian economy will recover from a slowdown in 
the second half of the fiscal year ending next March. 

Mr. Gujral told a private television network Saturday that 
industrial output had declined because of weak demand. 

“But it should pick up quickly now." he said. "Though 
there was a recession in expons, it has picked up by 1 1 percent 
last month. Consumption should pick up because we have 
injected more money." 

First Calgary Signs Yemen Oil Deal 

ADEN, Yemen (Reuters) — Yemen and First Calgaty 
Petroleum Ltd. of Canada signed a SI 5 million agreement 
Sunday on oil exploration in ihe southern province of 
Hadhramaut. the official news agency SABA reported. 

The deal requires First Calgary to spend $15 million in 
"two phases of exploration work, which will include drilling 
two wells in addition lo three-dimensional filming surveys," 
the agency said. 

U.S. Machine-Tool Orders Jump 

WASHINGTON (Bloomberg) — U.S. orders lor machine 
tools rose 13.4 percent in September from the previous month 
as manufacturers purchased more tools than m any other 
month this year, according to an industry survey. 

Orders for lools rose to an estimated S710 million in Septem- 
ber from a revised estimate of 5626 million in August, according 
to a survey by the Association for Manufacturing Technology' 
and the American Machine Tool Distributors* Association. 

urasso said ne expected ine Big u.a. mantels snut down twice i tn * v . * r»- - /ni ■ 

Board's capacity to rise to 5 billion Oct 27. after the Dow Jones in- I JrOrCIgU lllVCStlllCIlt JtiJSCS 111 UllllH 

shares by the same time. 

"When the wave comes, it's not 
going to look anything like last 

ages, dealers and vendors to move week,” Mr. Grasso said. 

immediately to expand their ca- 
pacity. A record 2.7 billion shares 
were traded Oct 28, the day after 
the Dow Jones industrial average 

Mr. Zarb's and Mr. Gras so’ s 
comments echoed those of Mr. 
Levin on Friday, who urged 
brokerages to avoid complacency 

plunged 554 points, causing the about the relatively smooth han- 

dustrial average fell 350 points and 
again when it declined 550 points. 
Securities houses say the halts in 
trading scared away investors who 
might have jumped in to buy. 

Mr. Grasso said that in discus- 
sions with member firms. “The 
sentiment I’m getting is that 350 
and 550 points are too low.” 

SMOKE: Cuban Cigar Maker Assails US. Rival for Hijacking Its Trademark 

Continued from Page 15 is very clear in our advertisements loved their flavor and asked for litigation. General Cigar's be! 

and promotions that our cigar is more. 

istered the name Cohiba 20 years 
ago, but it has had limited distri- 
bution until now,'’ Mr. Wollen said. 
"Internationally, most people as- 

j L . orations by mid- 1998, after the- sociate Cohiba with the Caban d- 

member countries of European 
monetary union had been chosen. 

The latest debate over who will 
head the bank was ignited Tuesday 
when the French government an- 
nounced that it wanted the governor 
of the Bank of France, Jean-CIaude 
Trichet, to take the job. 

gar," he added, but "we do not 
Intend to sell our dgar internation- 
ally. We are happy to be selling it in 
the United States." 

Mr. Wollen also denied Cuban 
accusations thal General Cigar was 

made in the Dominican Republic." 

But because of what die Cohiba 
name signifies here and around the 
world, the dispute has overtones that 
are as much political as commercial. 

Cohibas were initially produced 
seven yean after die 1959 Cuban 
revolution brought Mr. Castro to 

At first, Mr. Castro reserved them 
for his own use and that of close 
associates, but eventually he began 
handing out Cobibas as gifts to 
heads of state and other foreign vis- 
itors, giving the brand intemationai 

Cuban officials maintain that the 

litigation. General Cigar's behavior 
raises other questions. 

"The bottom tine is that this does 
run counter to fairness,” said 
Pamela Falk, professor of interna- 
tional trade and commercial trans- 
actions at the City University of 
New York School of Law. "Ac- 
cording to intemationai treaties, you 
can't take a name that is famous and 

power. According to a history pub- American company was able to lay bas been commercially marketed 

lished by the company early tins year, 
a ciganriaker-tumed-solctier began 

trying to deceive smokers. "Our rolling cigars for a friend who was 
packaging is different from the Cu- one of Mr. Castro's bodyguards, 
ban Cohiba. so we don't think con- The bodyguard soon began shar- 

Many had expected the head of ban Cohiba, so we don't think con- 

the European Monetary Institute, sumers are confused,” he said. “It ing the cigars with his boss, who gument is not likely to stand up in 

claim to the Cohiba brand name and claim it as your own.” 
only because the economic embargo On the other hand, she added, the 
prevented them from registering the fundamental issue "in terms of Lhe 
trademark in the United States. law is registration, so it is very un- 
Experts say that while that ar- likely the Cubans can win this 


BEIJING ( AFP) — Multinational companies arc increasing 
. their activity in China and could soon account for 50 percent of 
all foreign investment in the country, the Chinn Daily Busi- 
ness Weekly Sunday reported. 

The corporations * ‘are coming to China with a vengeance,' * 
said Sun Weivan. president of the China Transnational Cor- 
porations Research Center. "Over time.” he said, "they will 
make up nearly half of total foreign investment," 

Sime Plays Down Its Troubles 

KUALA LUMPUR — Sime Darby Bhd.. Malaysia's 
biggest industrial conglomerate, warned that its profit could 
decline this year because of a weak stock market and currency 
but said rumors of its troubles had been exaggerated. 

Sime is reeling from rumors that its stockbrokerage unit 
may noi recover some 500 million ringgit ($152. 1 million) in 
market losses this year and has been pul on a negative ratings 
watch by the Rating Agency of Malaysia. 

There are also fears thal the group's earnings in the year 
ending June 30, 1998 could be squeezed by a sharply lower 
ringgit and nonperforming loans. 

But Sime's chief executive, Nik Mohamed Nik Yaacob, 
said Saturday that the stockbrokerage's loss would be min- 
imal, given the group’s solvency and strength. 

"We expect some losses, but nowhere near to the sum 
rumored," he said at a shareholders' meeting. 



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*»4 houre FOREX DESK 

Financial consultancy, daily market comment 
Financial co no comnllS5l0n 

ln 7uSaSSaST?SSSi guarantee 

. hoKrass Tt^SOOO 1 Zurich 


(CFN) the major Ecuadorian development 
bank, with net worth USD. 115,000,000 and 
productive assets of USD. 600,000,000 as part 
of the government privatization process, will sell 
its holdings in the following companies {the sale 
is expected to take place in December of 1 997); 

firm is currently operated and owned 52% by 
the Holdeifcank Group from Switzerland, CFN 
owns and will sell as a block 1.98% of the firm. 
LON’S 1996 profit was of ECS 93,123,000,000 
total sales ECS 611,489,000,000 
(1USD=4,100ECS September 1997), including 
cement and other operations, number ot 
employees 1.491. The installed capacity of 
cement jn Ecuador is 3,500,000 MT. LCN’s 
capacity' is 2,200,000 MT and by the end of 
1997 is expected to produce 2,000,000 MT. 


This firm, also in the cement industry, is 
operated and owned 51% by Finlatam Group of 
Spain; CFN owns 22.18%, which it will sell as a 
block'. CSA 1996 sales were ECS 

121.592.000. 000, number of employees 203. 
CSA’s production by the end of 1997 will be 
approx. 500,000 MT. 

Currently operated by Hilton Intemationai, CFN 
owns 15%. HCI sales in 1996 were ECS 

39.988.391.000 net profit of ECS 

6.045.602.000 and total assets ECS 

106.719.000. 000. HCI’s 399 rooms in Quito 
(830 beds) have a 70% occupancy rate. 

For additional information, please contact: 



PHONE: 1(203) 454-0300 
FAX: 1(203)454-1054 
E-mail: vistechSBmnet 




PHONE: (593-2) 562-374/ 
E-mail: gmontal @ q.cfaftreec 

PHONE: (593-2) 564-900 
ext 2304 

E-mail: corozco@qafn.fircec 



: . J', llSil;':?-' iiH??: ipj 


< ij 

w-m-' 4 

. - : 

When ir comes to saving lives on the fly, nobody's better equipped. 
Just one of our surgical kits contains 25 operations. One emergency 
health kit can treat 10,000 people for 3 months. So, in next to no time, 
a cafe basement in a war zone becomes a hospital. A roadside, 
an operating room. 

Come epidemic or natural disaster, in some SO countries around the 
world, we're there, speeding relief where it’s needed most. 

_ HOW YDH eail HELP 

1 oncliw .i check p.iv.iMv i«»: Mcdcciiw Sins Ffti«rk-rv> 

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City Country / F«>sr Laule 

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RAGE 19 


tying, Austria's 
Federal Chancetteiy is 
ready for the country's 
assumption of the 
European Union as of July 

latest indicators, it looks 
as if Chancellor Viktor 

objective of fulffingthe 
Maastricht criteria for 

Union next year. 



Riding the Wave of a High-Tech Boom 

A Jr, 

trio s exports rose 11. 7 percent in the first half of the year, mainly in microelectronic chips, industrial items and automobiles. 


S aid Viktor Klima, Austria's chancellor, at the official 
inauguration of Innsbruck's Tech-Tirol technology 
center on Aug. 26, 1997: “We’ve embarked upon a 
technological revolution in Austria, and we have to carry it 

other major currencies has substantially dropped. This new- 
found pricing advantage, while important, cannot solely 
explain Austria’s success on the Asian and American mar- 
kets, in which Austrian companies are contending with non- 

products — the explanation usually advanced by analysts 
when discussing the “export boom” in neighboring Ger- 
many. Germany's rise, however, is nearly a fall percentage 
lower than the Austrian figure. Nonetheless, the only ex- . 

through to the end to maintain our standing on world markets planations for Austria’s success proffered by the analysts to European competitors with far greater price advantages, 
arp our standard of living." date have been the “fortunate neighborhood” and the “cheap “Rather than designating either of these factors as the sole 

Judging by the latest statistics, that revolution is pro- currency” ones. cause of the rise," says Hanncs Famleitner. Austria's min- 

cording apace. As of the end of July 1 997, Austria’s exports The first explanation holds that the countries of Central ister of economic affairs, “1 see an interplay between both of 
\\jre up 1 1 .7 percent over the same period in 1 996, according and Eastern Europe are in the midst of upgrading their stocks them as having triggered the rise in exports, along with the 
v tn! the Austrian Central Office of Statistics. This rise was of capital and consumer goods, and that Austria’s export increasing integration of Austria's economy into that of the 
^fjwcrcd by such high-tech items as microelectronic chips, growth has come from trundling these goods across its 
injlustrial equipment and facilities, and motor vehicles. Sales borders — the 33 percent increase in Austria’s sales to 
outside Austria of these items are up nearly 14 percent Central and Eastern Europe in 1997 is cited as proof. This 

argument, however, fails to account for the country ’s surge in 
exports to foe NAFTA region, up 24.3 percent, or to Asia, up 
10 percent 

These are regions whose trade is mostly factored in dollars, 
lending support to the second explanation. The Austrian 
schilling is tied to the Deutsche marie and, to a lesser extent 
the Swiss franc, and the mark’s value vis-a-vis the dollar and 

Advanced chemicals and pharmaceuticals, the country's 
fastest-growing export items, are running nearly 20 percent 

High-tech and tempting 

Tiese figures would seem to indicate the commercial vi- 
ability of Austria's technologically advanced manufactured 

rest of the EU. 

“Perhaps an even more important factor has been the 
increasing innovativeness of our products, long known for 
their quality. That innovativeness is a product of our business 
community’s shift into what I call ‘knowledge-intensive 
production and provision.’ These are comprised of man- 
ufacturing and service-supply processes built around and 
deploying highly specialized expertise." 

Is Power Behind 
Investment Inflow 

Multinational subsidiaries and a new emphasis 
on “clustering " businesses are boosting FDl. 

U nless something very dramatic happens in the fourth 
quarter. Austria won't set a record for foreign direct 
investment in 1997. bur that's not ncccssanK 
something for the country to worry about. 

Nineteen -ninety-six's total of S3.4 billion was a hard act to 
follow*. It was not only a record for the country as a whole — 
breaking 1 995*s total by a good 79 percent — but was also 
one of the world’s best results on a per capita basis. The $5tM) 
million in net long-term capital invested in Austria b\ foreign 
companies during the first six months of 1997 puts the 
country on course to equal 19y5's strong pace. 

This figure, impressive as it Is. seriously understates the 
extent of foreign involvement in Austria, as it doesn't incluJe 
portfolio transfers or reinvestments carried out by locally 
based subsidiaries of multinationals. Since many of the world’s 
large-sized companies have set up subsidiaries in Austria, this 
reinvestment is reaching considerable proportions. 

A question of trust 

It is easy to see why multinationals are v tiling to entrust more 
capital to Austria. Many of their local subsidiaries, like their 
domestically owned counterparts, arc sctnng new records for 
corporate profitability; 

Located in Salzburg, Sony DA DC's facility is the largest 
CD producer in the world. In 1 996. the company recorded a 
60 percent jump in revenues, to S333 million, and eammgs of 
S33 million, an all-rime high for the subsidiary. Not co- 
incidentally. Sony Austria is now investing another S292 
million to set up a service department in Vienna. The new 
facility will serve as a Europc-w ide hub for all such activ ittes 
carried out by Sony in Europe. 

Also reporting sharp rises in revenues and major ex- 
pansions of facilities were Siemens. JBN I and dozens of other 

“Such rises in revenue and in investment are by no means 
confined u> the Austria-based subsidiaries of large-sized 
foreign companies.” points out Brigitte Ederer. the Vienna 
city councilor in charge of the municipality 's finances and 
president of the WWFF (Wiener Winsehaftsfordcrungs- 
fonds). the city of Vienna's business development agency. 
“Take, for instance, the hundred American companies we 
have in Vienna. Their ranks include not only General Elec- 
tric. AT&T. Compaq and other heavyweights, but also 
dozens of smaller but very fast-growing high-tech compa- 
nies. Both have been recording high rates of growth in 

A recent study carried out for the WWFF on these 
American companies found that the average American com- 
pany in Vienna records a 53. 1 percent rise in turnover and an 
8S percent increase in number of employees each year. 

Says KJaus Fischbdehcr. WWFF s managing director. 

Contmued on page 20 

Continued on page 22 

Growth in Jobs and Services 

7 ]ie\> may not be household names, but companies in Austria are successfully serving niche markets. 

A ustria’s unemploy- 
ment figure, cur- 
rently running at 5.8 
pfreent, is about half that of 
Cermany and one of the low- 
est in the European Union, 
this figure has stayed low 
Vcause the country's rate of 
]Sb creation has been high- 
1 According to the OECD, 
diring the period 1990-96, 
tie number of employed in 
Austria rose 6.1 percent put- 
tng it far ahead of Japan. 
Britain, Spain and other 
.trongly performing econo- 
mies — and in sharp contrast 
o Denmark, Germany. Italy, 
France and a number of other 
.European countries. 

This figure is especially 
remarkable because it came 
^luring a slump in the coun- 
Ify's tourist industry and in 
the midst of austerity pro- 
grams at all government 
levels. Tourism and public 
service were the great en- 
gines of job creation in the 
1970s and '80s, with public 
icrvicc employing half of 
Austria's recent university 
graduates during that period. 

So where are these jobs 
coming from? According to 
official statistics: “Busmcss- 
lo -business services.” These 
, services include everything 
" from planning insurance 
coverage lo staffing call cen- 
tors and creating Internet 
management programs. 

A H told, this sector was the 
fasrest -growing of the 13 m 
Ajhe Austrian economy, with 
wie number of people provid- 
ing such services rising 1.4 
percent in 1996. Over the last 
three years, the number of 
people in the business-to- 
business sector has risen a 
solid 25 percent — also the 
best in Austria's economy. 

One of the companies 
providing such services is the 
Graz -based HypcrWavc, 
which offers programs that 
direct the flow* of information 
to and from publishers and 
other media enterprises and 
won the computer trade 
magazine Byte's “Bestor 
Show" award at the 199* 
CeBIT held in Hannover rn 
i March. As CeBIT is the 
▼world's largest trade fair and 
number one in the industry, 
one might expect this award 
to have made the company a 
household name in its home 

country. Yet HyperWave, 
like most of its ilk, is virtually 
unknown in Austria. 

This is partly due to the 
nature of these companies’ 
activities, and partly a result 
of corporate policy, says 
Hannes Famleitner, Austria’s 
minister of economic affairs. 
“Many of our small and me- 
dium-sized companies suc- 
cessfully serve highly tech- 
nical, highly international 
niches,” he points out 
“These are predominantly in 
the capital-goods sector. Two 

of many examples of 
products in this area are 
track-laying machines for the 
rail sector and electronics 
and vehicles for airports.” 

Ferdinand Hager, head of 
Technologie- und Stan- 
dortAgentur Salzburg 
GmbH, the public-sector 
corporation charged with fa- 
cilitating business develop- 
ment and investment in the 
state of Salzburg, says: 
“There's a great tradition 
among Austria's small and 
medium-sized companies of 

keeping a low profile vis-a- 
vis the general public and of 
concentrating their public re- 
lation activities on potential 
and present customers." 

As Gerhard Ran da, chair- 
man of the board and chief 
executive officer of Bank 
Austria, points out: “A com- 
pany’s size does not neces- 
sarily indicate the innovat- 
iveness of its products or 
standing on world markets. 
We have a large number of 
small-sized, high-perform- 
ing enterprises in Austria.” 



If you are looking 
for the Number One, 

O the market leader In the Austrian Equities and Derivatives Market 
O a provider of the best service in Fixed Income Products 
O offering financial services in Vienna and across Central Europe, 

O acting as the largest privately owned and independent banking group of Austria 

then you should contact the new Erste Bank. 

Erste Bank - founded through successful merger of Die Erste osterretohische 
Spar-Casse - Bank AG and GiroCredft AG. 

Ltfakafowits SOhm Ges,m.b.H. 
://m Vtowa, since [ 1845 
:■ Manufacturer of crystal tights 

L. BOsendorfer Klavierfabrik Ges.m.b.H. 
in Vienna since 1828 
Piano manufacturer 

Wiener Ponettanmnutaktur Augarten Ges.m.b.H 
in Vienna since 1718 
Porcelain manufacturer 

Contact our experts in Vienna: 

Sales Equities & Derivatives: 
Safes Bonds & Derivatives: 

+43/1/531 56 
+43/1/532 06 06 




k : . Vienna has always been a profitable location. This is shown by -the 
continued gloDal success of numerous companies that already located in 
the Danube city before the turn of the century. . 

Ready access to a highly qualified workforce, geographical the new democracies in Eastern Europe and inherent cultural 
.Understanding; of these markets make Vienna an attractive centre for 

Grundlg Austria Ges.m.b.H. 

One ol the largest and most modem 
TV production plants in Europe 

McDonald's Central Europe 
Vienna is headQuarters of the company's 
Central European operations. 

• Hewlett-Packard H. 
Information iKhpology and management 
competence in Cetilrafand-Easterfl Europe 

production and trade. Reason enough for many international corporations 
to establish their Eastern European headquarters in Vienna. Times have 
changed - yet Vienna never loses its appeal. 

Should you have queries or require 
any information on Vienna as a 
business location, please contact (tie 
Information Centre of the VIENNA 

A-10B2 Vienna, Ebendorlersirasse 2 
Tel.: +43 ( 1 ) 4000-86794 
fax: +43 {1} 4000-7 0 7 0 
e-mail: Vienna®WWFF.g».a! 
URL: hnp://www.wwff.flv,al/wwff/ 


PACE 20 




si*oysoul:i> sfxtio 

Financial Sector 
Gains Stature 

Mergers and liberalization are the current trend. 

W ith its agglomera- 
tion of commer- 
cial, private and in- 
vestment banks, financial 
consultancies and the Central 
and Bast European headquar- 
ters of insurance companies, 
Vienna has emerged as an 
attractive business location. 

Big improvements in pre- 
viously restrictive practices 
have been initiated since the 
opening of Eastern Europe. 
Bank mergers have created 
new entities that can act, 
modestly, as global players. 

Under the auspices of the 
Austrian National Bank (and 
its sister institution, the 6s- 
tencichischc Kontrollbank), 
a wide-ranging initiative to 
increase the attractiveness of 
Austrian financial markets 
was launched in 1992. It set 
out to amend the Borsegesetz 
(Stock Exchange Act) and 
criminalize insider dealing; 
endorse the Compliance 
Code by banks, investment 
trusts and the like; implement 
EQOS. The fully automated 
order-driven trading system; 

achieve tax reform (as in- 
troduced in 1994); and es- 
tablish the Wiener Boise AG 
as a stockholding company 
in the course of 1997. 

Within weeks of the long- 
negotiated merger in January 
1997 of Bank Austria with 

Creditanstalt to create the 
BA/CA Group, the country’s 
largest banking body, vnth 
consolidated- assets of \ SI 
trillion Austrian schillings 
($130 billion), moves were 
started to line up the coun- 
try's next two largest finan- 1 
cial institutions: The result 
was the fusion — made of- 
ficial early last month — of 
the First Austrian bank with 
GiroCredit to form Eiste 
Bank, henceforth number 
two in Austria, wife com- 
bined assets of 72S billion 
Austrian schillings. -Eiste 
Bank’s chief executive of- 
ficer, Andreas Treichi, points 
out that his institute is fee 
country’s most powerful 
purely private banking con- 
cern m addition to being fee 
rallying point for Austria’s 

77ie stock exchange budding is being extended with a non wing at office space. 

independent savings banks. 

One of fee potentially 
most significant international 
spin-offs from this has been 
fee fusion of Investment 
BankAustria wife the Cred- 
itanstalt Investment Bank to 
create C A IB, wife excellent 
domestic credentials in cor- 
porate finance and asset 
management and a reputa- 
tion as a leading handler of 
mergers and acquisitions and 
privatizations in Central and 
Eastern Europe. 

CA IB’s client list includes 

fee governments of Central 
and East European countries 
as well as several of the 
world’s most prestigious 
multinationals, which are ac- 
tive in many different indus- 
trial sectors. CA IB already 
has strong sales teams — 
numbering 700- in all — in 
London and New York, as 
well as in all fee main Con- 
tinental European capitals. 

Although, like most of fee 
world's stock exchanges, it 
fee Vienna Borse suffered a 
setback in October, its me- 

dium- to long-term prosper- 
ity seems assured. Austria’s 
economic indicators remain 
excellent, the business cycle 
continues to grow, and Aus- 
tria's inflation rate is the low- 
est in Europe. 

New activity is indicated 
by the launching (on Nov. 5) 
of shares in the country's 
monopoly cigarette manu- 
facturer. Austria Tabak. and 
the initial public offering for 
Erste Bank (no date set, but 
possibly before the end of fee 
year). * David Hermges 

Transport in Search of Balance With Nature 

Environmental concerns are gaining prom- 
inence' as Austria improves its transpor- 
tation grid. 

“Austria," tha promotional blurbs never 
tire of proclaiming, “is a small but thriving 
democracy, a country with a beautiful land- 
scape-and an Mart natural environment it 
borders on eight European nations arid is 
located no more than two hours away by air 
from most European capitals." 

The problem is how to reconcile all this 
with transit traffic feat threatens to throttle 
normal- life. -Democratic deefefan-rnakfag 
(even down to village level) often thwarts 
grandiose, highway, airport and subter- 
ranean projects that many people fear will 
only generate more traffic. 

Austria is nevertheless actively Involved 
in the Trans-European Networks scheme, 
and Vienna has this year been made the 
location of the European Union’s TINA 
(Transport Infrastructure Needs Assess- 
ment in Central and Eastern Europe) office. 
Active support is being given by the Euro- 
pean Investment Bank, which assists in the 
financing of surface links with fee neigh- 
boring Czech Republic. Slovakia, Hungary 
and Slovenia. 

One of fee immediately recognizable and 
widely accepted needs is to improve the 
railroad system by upgrading to high-per- 
formance tines, as well as relocating sta- 
tions and shunting yards. 

Once again, however, finding acceptance 
for a tunnel to replace fee 150-year-old 

scenic Semmering mountain railroad 
been tempered by loud objections 

The working Danuta 

Less controversial are the plans, 
proceeding apace, to step up use of _ 
Danube tor freight purposes. Vienna Harbor 
has acqufredan outstanding position-** 
European river port since the ©pentagon 
1993 of the Rhme^ain-Oanube Canal Thij 
river ports of Krems and Enns. fe psw 
Austria, have also profited from fete ^ 
veiopment, whereas Linz has deotirfod 
somewhat in importance since the (&sure 
of the shipyards in the Upper Austrittecap" 

ital ' - 

Meanwhile. Austrian civil avtt*fen- « 
passing through fee most decisive phase of 
alterations m its history. 

Following the merger earlier this year of 
Austrian Airlines, Lauda Air and Tyrolean 
Airways and some reshuffling of their united 
fleets, a major expansion is now Deng 
planned. . 

By the turn of the century, their total of B0 
passenger jets should be increased by one- 
quarter to a total of 100. putting the Aus 
trian Airlines Group into the major European 
fliers league. 

An Austrian outsider, fee small Voiari- 
berg-based Rhein talflug. has benefited 
from the EU Open Skies policy to operate as 
a niche canter on less-traveled Continu-ntti 
routes. D.H. 


Riding the Wave of a High-Tech Boom 

Continued frvm page 19 1996. Motors make up a great part of these exports — Austria 
claims to produce more engines per capita than any country 
Gerhard Randa. chairman of fee board and chief executive in the world. Some 440,000 a year come from Opel's 
officer of Bank Austria, agrees; ‘‘The increasing ability of production facility, located in Vienna, which also produces 
Austria's products to compete on world markets has resulted transmissions. 

from not one single factor, but rather a combination of them. Opel's facility is in fee midst of a $385 million expansion. 

The improvement in the exchange rate has coincided wife a representing more than half of the $662 million invested in 
marked increase in productivity in our country’s industrial Austria's automotive industry in 1996, an all-time national 
sector. The increase has resulted from the wage restraint record, reports the Austrian Business Agency. Even larger 
shown by employees and from the restructurings carried out than Opel's production facility is BMW's plant in Steyr, 
by a wide range of manufacturing companies." This influx of funds to fee automobile industry helped 

Austria record a 3.8 percent rise in total capital investment in 
Investment emphasis . 1996, another all-time record, bringing the increase over fee 

The shift toward knowledge-intensive production has been last three years to 1 9 percent Wrfo ( Institut fur Wirtschafts- 
especiaily strong in Austria's business mainstays: auto- forschung), one of Austria’s two leading economic research 
motive and environmental engineering, life sciences, elec- and monitoring agencies, expects this figure to rise by 5 
tronics and communication systems. To accomplish this percent and 7 percent in 1997 and 1998 respectively, 
shift, fee companies in these sectors have made large in- This investment has helped boost fee country’s industrial 
vestments and reinvestments in Austria. output to about 13 percent over fee last three years — not as 

Take fee country’s automotive sector, which counts 450 much as might be expected. An increase of 3.25 percent has 
major companies and had export revenues of $3.9 billion in been predicted for 1997. Nor is the country's export strength 

translating into boom times for fee country’s economy as a 
whole, which is expected to rise by a steady if unspectacular 
1.8 percent this year. 

The differentials between the export sales and industrial 
production and economic performance are caused by do- 
mestic demand, which remains very weak. It is forecast by 
IHS t Institut fur Hohere Studien. Wifo’s counterpart) to grow 
by only 0.6 percent in 1997 and 0.9 percent in 1998. 

Btft-tighteofng for Maastricht 

This stagnant domestic demand is a result of the tight 
budgeting of the Austrian government Chancellor Kliirta's 
determination to fulfill fee Maastricht criteria for European 
Monetary Union is well-known. According to fee 1 latest 
indicators, h looks as if he will achieve this objective. The 
results for 1 996 were a net public-sector deficit of 4 percent 
and a total indebtedness of 69.5 percent of GDP, representing 
strong improvement? over previous years. 

The forecasts fori 997 ’s final results are for further ameli- 
orations. to 3.33 percent and 62 percent respectively, {Hitting 
the country' just above the criteria's ceilings. Should the 

The BMW production fec&y at Steyr. 

trends be maintained in 1998 — to be expected in a penoenf 
economic expansion — Austria will K-giri its presidency of 
fee European Union, set for July 1 . 1998, as one of FM )'* 
initial members. Terry Svtartzbrrg 



Vienna Centre: Education and Outreach in South Africa 

Vienna International, the 
collective name given to a 
series of measures aimed 
at keeping the Austrian cap- 
ital in the limelight of world 
affaire, has reached out now 
to the Southern Hemi- 
sphere. The “Vienna 
Centre" that opened this 
year on a dusty plain not far 
from Johannesburg and 
near the Soweto squatters’ 
camp provides hope for a 
section of the South African 
community that was 
hitherto seriously under- 

Two years ago, the City of 
Vienna marked the 50th an- 
niversary of the end of the 
war with individual schemes 
for the four wartime Allies. 
This was followed up in 
1996 by several programs 
of humanitarian aid. such 
as help toward the recon- 
struction of war-damaged 
Sarajevo, the Installation of 
a cancer clirUc for children in 
the Belarus capital of Minsk 
and the funding of an edu- 
cational project in South 
Africa. The location chosen 
forthe latter was the Orange 
Farm township, home to 
some 700,000 people and 
characterized by 90 percent 
unemployment and an ilfit- 
eracy rate of 80 percent. 

Masibambane College, 

the official name forthe proj- 
ect. is the fruit of cooper- 
ation between Education 
Africa (a nongovernmental 
organization dedicated to 
buikfing up an educational 
system worthy of the new 
South African democracy 
by establishing schools 
along non racial lines) and 
the City of Vienna, the Vi- 
enna Chamber of Com- 
merce and the Vienna 
Board of Education. 

A sum of nearly 4 million 
Austrian schillings 

($333,000) was donated for 
the construction and install- 
ation. Building of the first 
stage of what was promptly 
called the Vienna Centre 
was completed in Septem- 
ber 1996, when it was 
handed over to Walter SF 
sufu, the veteran anti- 
apartheid campaigner and 
former secretary-general of 
the African National Coun- 

cil, representing the Educa- 
tion Africa Trust 

The school was up and 
running by Jan. 13, 1997, 
with 22 beys and girls (aged 
7-8) in the Grade 1 class 
operating from Monday to 
Friday. The following month, 
a Saturday • School for 
Grades 1-9 was introduced. 
Some 150 children attend 
each week for instruction in 
English, • • mathematics, 
speech and drama, sports 
and music. Help with tutor- 
ing is given on an im- 
promptu basis by senior 
. students from the prestigi- 
ous, previously all-white St 
John's College in Johan- 
nesburg, which Is twinned 
with Masibambane (whose 
name, in fee indigenous 
Xhosa and Zulu languages, 
means “unity in coping with 

A Community Center 
James Urdang, .the exec- 
utive director of Education 
Africa, is proud that Mas- 
ibambane College is 
already more than Just a 
school. He sees it devel- 
oping as a community cen- 
ter for three-quarters of a 
million people, where wed- 
dings can be celebrated, 
memorial services held and 
concerts given in fee as- 
sembly hall. It is also in- 
tended to run a ckilt fiteracy 
programs. This ail presup- 
poses ah extension of the 
present premises of Mas- 
ibambane College fa the 
Orange Farm township. 

Planning for Stage 2 . of 
fee building has been com- 
pleted (work on it has been 
scheduled to start fa Janu- 
ary 1998), and Stage 3 is 
under development, with 
the ultimate aim of providing 
classroom space for 900 

For all this, additional 
funding is urgently needed. 
The Social- Democratic 
mayor of Vienna, Michael 
Hdupi, is sympathetic to the 
project and hopes to per- 
suade members of other 
parties represented in the 
City Council to give it their 

An even more ambitious 
project would sound out 

federal institutions to see 
whether the Vienna Centre 
fa Orange Farm could not 
be extended to an “Austrian 
Centre* wife fee active par- 
ticipation of all the Austrian 
federal provinces. The Aus- 
trian ambassador to South 
Africa, Franz PaJIa, has ex- 
pressed a wish that the 
whole school could become 
an Austrian project that has 
countrymen and -women 
could Identify with and feel 
proud of. 

fetimated budget re- 
quirements for Stage 2 
amount to 3.5 million Aus- 
trian schillings, ' wife a 
slightly lower figure for 
Stage 3. Education Africa is 
lookfag into a variety of 
fundraising activities, the 
most immediate of which is 
a campaign on Austrian Air- 
lines flights to and from 
South Africa using specially 
printed envelopes to collect 
passenger donations. 

Ongoing Partnerships 
The representative with the 
European Union for Educa- 
tion Africa, Dan Id Venter, 
has already proposed in- 
votvfag school classes In Vi- 

enna and elsewhere in Aus- 
tria He would like to see 
pupils engaging voluntarily 
in money-raising activities 
as a way of showing soli- 
darity with less fortunate 
children fa South Africa. He 
envisages setting tp Inter- 
net links between them as a 
method of generating en- 
thusiasm for an ongoing 

Further cooperation 
might be possible in fee fu- 
ture, Mr. Venter thinks, 

through exchanges of 
teachers — two from Or- 
ange Farm, for instance, 
and two from St. John's Col- 
lege — so they could gain 
experience by teaching in 
bilingual primary schools. In 
fee tong term, then. South 
African boys and girts could 
be brought over to Vienna 
for a term in an English- 
language school, and Aus- 
trian pupils given a chance 
to experience South African 

Top, children from Orange 
Farm enjoy a cultural 
morning at Masiombane 
College. Above, Walter 
Sisufu. past deputy president 
oftheANC. Is welcomed at 
the official opening by 
members of the Otange 
Farm community and 
representatives from 
Education Africa and the City 
of Vienna. Right, 

. M Joyce Mxakatd-Diseko, 

South African Ambassador to Austria: 

“I can only say feat fee miracle of South Africa comprises 
numerous miracles, which involve ordinary people trying to 
overcome obstacles feat had become entrenched over de- 
cades. What 1 find admirable now is seeing those people Inking 
up wife the international community and constructively trying to 
turn things around through meaningful partnerships tor re- 
construction and development 
A lot will depend on our ability to provide for people, or to 
defiver in areas of social welfare. Fiscally, there are limitations to 
what the government can do, so we rely on constructive part- 
nerships like these to enable us to achieve much more in orderb 
overcome the budgetary constraints which even countries In 
Europe are faced with. I would therefore encourage those vfeo 
do business wife South Africa to support the [Masibambane 
College! program. Together with other programs of a similar 
nature, it provides the basis for ongoing stability in South 

Michael Haupl, 

Mayor and Governor of Vienna: 

“With ‘Orange Farm’ we wish to demonstrate how a nMMjb 
small city can make a small symbolic but effective contributicSri 
toward the further development of democracy In what is surtiy 
the most important country in Africa. The youth of a country, of a 
tqwnshfo Cke Orange Farm, is certainly a most important targsi 

group forsuch support I am pleased that my friend and poetteflfl 

partner Water Nettig, in Ns capacity as president of the Vienna 
Unamber of Commerce, accords equal importance to this prel- 
ect and gives ft appropriate support 
_As chairman of UCUE (Union of European Union CaatabJI 
shall make every effort to promote the ideals of Education Africa 
among my fellow mayors. Although our dty has its tradition*! 

^ 01 EUrOp0, ** neverthcles S Wish to fefak 
and act globally. Vienna and Johannesburg should in future be 
connected by more than just the nonstop flight of Austrian 

opening on Sept 2, 1996. 

JJ c> S&o 


PACE 21 

[ D SK r r tr T\ 

: ' . . /. . . . . ■■■■'■ '■ ' ' ■' ; 



Luxury Premises for Home and Work 

R esidential and office premises in desirable locations 
are being built and coming onto die Austrian market 
in record numbers, at prices that can only be con- 
sidered attractive if they are regarded as long-term in- 

Not far south of Vienna, the Magna Property Company is 
well on the way to completion of the luxury Fontana 
Residential and GolfPark. described as being "for the upper 
class community,” with " Am eri can-style landscaping" 
around an artificial lake. 

Sixty apartments as well as a full SO freestanding villas 
(the latter costing between 3.5 million and 7 million Aus- 
trian schillings, or $291,000 and S583.000. and upward 
each) will soon be occupied in this pleasingly Florida-like 
environment, which is also adjacent to an 18-hole golf 

Tbwermg projects 

In Vienna itself, a sudden spurt of skyscraper construction 
has been started in the vicinity of the Vienna International 
Centre-UN complex, giving rise to warnings by some that a 
"Chicago on the Danube” will forever bury the cozy 
Baroque character of the city skyline, whose highest point 
has so far been the 137 meter (450 feet) spire of St Stephen's 

The Concorde Business Paric is only five minutes from Vienna International AkparL 

Reasearch and Development Benefits From an Increasing Focus on Synergy 

Current Austrian research and development 
focuses an engineering and environmental 

Confronted with cheap manufacturingca* 
paclty competition in the adjoining countries 
of Central and Eastern Europe, Austria is 
increasingly emphasizing its role as a center 
of excellence for research and develop' 

Whereas efforts in this direction had pre- 
viously been sporadic and isolated, the trend 
now is toward clustering and cooperation. In 
several fields, state, provincial and privately 
funded institutions are coordinating their ef- 
forts In order to achieve maximum synergy. 

In its annual report for 1997, EUROSTAT, 
the European Communities' Statistical Of- 
fice, notes that a much higher proportion of 
R&D personnel are employed in the higher 
education sector in Austria (along with Por- 
tugal and Greece) than in other member 
states, where the main emphasis is on per- 
sonnel in the business and government sec- 

This year, however, the country's three 
largest business-oriented research bodies 
— Seibersdorf, Arsenal and Joarmeum _■ — 
have united to form Forschung Austria, or 
Research Austria. Industrial partners, espe- 
cially small and medi urn-sired enterprises, 
have access through Forschung Austria both 

to interdisciplinary project teams for solving 
problems and stateofthe-art technological 

Biogas technologies 
The large Seibersdorf Research Center, with 
over 500 employees, located in Lower Aus- 
fria, has an exceptionally wide range of activ- 
ities embracing environmental and engineer- 
ing subjects. One of the latest for instance, 
is the European Union’s "Regenerate" proj- 
ect to provide the framework for propagating 
modem biogas technologies in Eastern 

Joanneum Research in Graz Is the coun- 
try's second-largest independent R&D facil- 
ity, with around 300 employees. It regards 
itself as a partner of business and industry, 
providing applied research using key modem 
technologies. It cooperates, for instance, 
with the famed AVL List company, also of 
Styria. in designing software that is expected 
to cut car engine development time from five 
to two and a half years, which should bring 
down costs by 30 percent 

The third pillar of Research Austria is the 
Arsenal in . Vienna, with its International 
Vehicle Testing Station, recently used for 
trials of French TGV and Swiss Intercity rail- 
stock under simulated extreme climatic con- 

Altogether, 45 university and independent 
institutes m Vienna are engaged in devel- 
oping ultra-efficient motor vehicles and for- 
ward-looking traffic systems as part of the 
city's drive to become a self-styled "Centre of 
Competence,” especially for urban technol- 

Earlier this year, General Motors grabbed 
headlines with a $385 million expansion of 
its Vienna facility to produce the new Ecotec 
low-consumption engine for Opel cars. 

Working with a similar aim in view — 
cutting down gas consumption to a target of 3 
liters per 100 kilometers — the country’s 
largest steel producer, Voest-Alpine Stahl 
Linz, Upper Austria, is contributing to the 
international “Ultra Light Steel Auto Body" 
(ULSAB) project for reducing car body weight 
by around a quarter while improving func- 
tional characteristics and retaining full re- 

Operating within the framework of FEiCRO 
(the Federation of European Industrial Co- 
operative Research Organizations), a purely 
private body calling itself Austrian Cooper- 
ative Research (ACR) aims to help small and 
medium-sized enterprises to become more 
competitive tty providing a research and de- 
velopment platform for 15 or so institutes in 
the building, food testing, foundry, textile, 
timber and welding sectors. Since July this 

year, ACR has been entrusted with operating 
the Austrian Technology Transfer Node for 
the European Union's ESPRIT program. It 
offers high performance computing and net- 
working facilities for four ongoing projects: 
CAST (casting simulation). FRAME (improve- 
ment in film restoration techniques). FLOAT 
(forecasting of Danube water levels to enable 
optimum barge-loading) and WOOD (auto- 
mation and quality controls in the lumber 

Materials research 

in a parallel operation, ACR supervises the 
Austrian regional branches of CRAFT (Co- 
operative Research Action for Technology), 
which promotes innovations in the field of 
basic materials usage, and in efficient meth- 
ods of transport by air, land and water. CRAFT 
is present in all nine Austrian provinces. 

"Chips for the Year 2000" is the motto 
currently used by Austria Mikro Systeme 
(AMS), a fully privatized enterprise (at Un- 
terpremstatten in Styria) that, tor more than 
15 years, has specialized in producing cus- 
tomized integrated circuits, its latest 
achievement is in the field of deep submicron 
technology, which will be essential for the 
production of the highly complex chip gen- 
erations anticipated for the turn of the cen- 
tury. D.H. 

A start has been made with three projects: the elliptical 
Andromeda Tower, a structure of 26 stories with offices and 
business apartments; the Donaupark Tower, 3 1 stories with 
flats costing between 3 million and 4 million Austrian 
schillings; and the Millennium Tower, 202 meters high. 50 
stories, with offices (up to 3 million Austrian schillings per 
floor), accommodations and shopping center All three have 
been started and are due for occupancy by 1999 at the latest. 

At least four more high-rise projects, clustered in the 
immediate neighborhood of die Danube, are at the planning 
stage and seern likely io be built, including a visually exciting 
120-meter twin tower designed by the Pcichl-Isozaki ar- 
chitectural team. 

Right in the center of town, hardly a stone's throw away 

from St Stephens, is the Singerstrosse 21-25 luxury' rcs - 
idence block with frilly fitted service flats, not for sale, but at 
monthly rentals of up to 55.0UU Austrian schillings (for a 
penthouse Executive Apartment), and ideal tor short-term 
commercial or diplomatic missions. 

Business facilities 

For enterprises needing the very highest standards of busi- 
ness accommodation, the obvious choice is the Concorde 
Business Park, just outside the city limits and only five 
minutes from Vienna International Airport. It includes of- 
fices, showrooms, and technical service and warehouse 
space. The initial 37.500 square meters of indoor room is 
nearly sold out, but the next construction phases, one of 
which has already started, will virtually triple the space 

Heading out from there beyond the airport along the 
highway toward the Hungarian border, work has started at 
Pamdorf on the country's first Designer Outlet Village. 
Planned by the BAA McArthur Glen Group along the same 
lines as its thriving Factory Outlet Centers in die United 
Stales (Washington. DC. New York and California) and 
England (Chester and Swindon), the Pamdorf enterprise is 
reportedly set to revolutionize the consumer purchasing 
habits in eastern Austria. The opening is scheduled for spring 


Fontana Magna GmbH (Claudia Lelmcri. tel.: (43 2253 > 
600 0:fax: (43 22531 600 558. 

Andromeda Richard Ellis GmbH (Michael Janntiai. tel: 
(43 1) 533 3097: fax: (43 I) 533 3097 90. 

Donaupark Mischek (Ursula Dannie), tel.: (43 l) 360 "0 
134 . fax: (43 l ) 360 70350. 

Millennium Stumpflmmobilien (Georg Srumpf). tel : (43 I) 
535 4367 0:fax: (43 l ) 535 4367 42. 

Singerstrosse 21/25 ( Wolfgang Epplc). tel: (43 I) 514 49 U: 
fax: (43 l) 513 1617. 

Concorde (Monika Jeschko). tel: (43 I) 707 9990 : fax: (43 
I) 707 7343. 


woj produced in Us entirety by the Advertising Department 
uf the International Herald Tribune. 

Writers: David Hermges and Darrel Josejth 
in Henna, and Terry S\mrt=herg in Munich. 
Program Director: Bill Mahder. 

m , . Q London 

Lt Frankfurt Moscow 

n Warsaw 

Q Prague 

□ New York 

23 Beijing 

52 Tokyo 

Hong Kong 

n Singapore 


you need US 


PAGE 22 





Tourism’s Forte: 
Mountains, Music 
And Marketing 

Last year, Austria's tourism revenue reached 
148.3 billion schillings, or $12.2 billion. 

W hile Austria has in 
recent years seen a 
drop in the number 
.of tourists to the country, 
measures taken by the Min- 
istry of Economics and the 
Austrian National Tourist 
Office to counteract the de- 
cline — such as increased 
advertising and tax incent- 
ives for independent hotel 
entrepreneurs ■ — are having 
positive results. 

Although it is estimated 
that this year's revenue fig- 
ures will not be higher than 
those for 1 996 (due to a cold, 
rainy July and fewer German 
tourists!, industry officials 
are optimistic that a general 
upward trend will continue 
well into the future. 

To assist in making this 
view a reality, the' Austrian 
National Tourist Office is 
waging an aggressive media 
advertising campaign to 
strongly promote the coun- 
try's traditional strengths as a 
tourist destination. 

When ft snows 
This winter's print and tele- 
vision blitz is a 40 million 
schilling continuation of the 
1996 “Mountains of Aus- 
tria” campaign, which 
showed energetic 14-to-30- 
y ear-olds skiing and snow- 
boarding through the snow- 
blanketed Austrian Alps. 
Now, however, in addition to 
these images are facts that 

distinguish Austria as a 
winter sports holiday para- 
dise, such as “22,000 kilo- 
meters of trails" and “1,300 
mountain huts.” 

Says Austria's minister of 
economic affairs, Hannes 
Famleitner, who also serves 
as president of the Austrian 
National Tourist Office: “In- 
frastructure-wise, mountain- 
wise, snow-wise, we have 
comparable competitive ad- 
vantages on an international 
scale, so we are focusing on 
these advantages and will 
push turnover higher.” 

The winter campaign is 
geared to German -speaking 
countries, as the Austrians. 
Germans and Swiss account 
for more than SO percent of 
tourist overnight stays here. 
Even Germany's Chancel- 
lor Helmut Kohl spends his 
annual summer vacation at 
the Wolfgangsee (Lake 
Wolfgang! in Austria's 
Salzburg province. 

Even though German 
tourists to Austria represent- 
ed some 55 million overnight 
stays in 1996, their numbers 
have been decreasing since 
the early 1990s. High unem- 
ployment and taxes imposed 
after the reunification of 
Eastern and Western Ger- 
many have contributed to 
many Germans' taking short- 
er holidays or not venturing 
abroad at all. This has promp- 
ted the Austrian National 

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Tourist Office to seek out ad- 
ditional target markets. 

“In the last three months. 1 
had the opportunity to travel 
across the world,” says Mr. 
Famleitner. “From South 
Africa to Australia to Latin 
America, i found that people 
dream of coming to Austria 
to go siding. We should use 
this attractiveness and pro-- 
mote it” 

Skiing and snowboarding 
are not tire only activities be- 
ing extolled in the alpine re- 
public. “There are people 
like me who are a little too 
old for intensive downhill 
skiing,” tiie 58-year-old Mr. 
Famleitner explains. “But 
they can come here to go ice 
skating, sledding and sleigh 
riding. Or just go for a walk 
in the snow.” 

When it doesn't 
In fact walking and hiking 
are being promoted year- 
round. The Austrian National 
Tourist Office recently 
launched a print media cam- 
paign that highlights Aus- 
tria's beautiful national parks 
as ideal settings for walking 
and hiking adventures, no 
matter what the season. The 

German-language campaign, 
which will run until next au- 
tumn, was produced in co- 
operation with the World 
Wide Fund for Nature, itself 
promoting nature hiking in 
its current “Tour Nature” ad- 
vertisements throughout the 

While outdoor sports and 
activities are marketed 
mainly to Europeans because 
of their close proximity to 
Austria, the country's classic 
attractions — Mozart, the 
Spanish Riding School and 
fee Vienna Boys' Choir, for 
example — are promoted 
heavily to overseas countries 
like the United States and 

“Our classical image is 
extremely impressive in 
those countries.” says Ingrid 
Krona, public relations di- 
rector at the Austrian Na- 
tional Tourist Office. “It 
works very well there; we 
don’t need to reinvent the 

If there is one tiling epi- 
tomizing classical Austria, 
it’s music. This musical her- 
itage has been particularly 
evident to tourists and locals 
alike throughout the country 

during this decade. The 
200th anniversary, in 1991, 
of the death of composer 
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 
and the 200th anniversary 
this year of composer Franz 
Schubert’s birth have been 
commemorated with perfor- 
mances of their works in ven- 
ues ranging from the State 
Opera House and St 
Stephan's Cathedral in Vi- 
enna to the Salzburg Festival 
conceit halls. 

Strauss anniversary 
There will be another mile- 
stone in 1999, which marks 
the 100th anniversary of fee 
death of composer Johann 
Strauss, fee Viennese-born 
“waltz king” who created 
Austria's calling card around 
the world, “The Blue 

On or around New Year 
1999, productions of 
Strauss’s operetta “Die Fle- 

dermaus” will be performed 
at three of Vienna's opera 
houses: the State Opera, the 
Volksoper and the Kam- 
meroper. The Kammeroper, 
or Chamber Opera, will take 

the operetta on tour through 
Japan later that month. 

Moreover, numerous 
Strauss operettas and waltz 
compositions will be per- 
formed during fee year in 

Austrian theaters and concert 
halls, most rntfabh Vienna'* 
Theatre an dcr Wwn. 
Konzcrthaus and Musikver- 


Darrel Joseph 

Arnold Schonberg Center to Open 

Perhaps the greatest tribute to an Austrian 
composerwill be the Arnold Schonberg Cen- 
ter, set to open in Vienna in March 1998. 

With a start-up cost of 30 million 
schillings ($2.4 million}, funded mainly by 
the City of Vienna and the Austria federal 
government this nonprofit institution will 
not only preserve and care for the Schdn- 
berg archives, but will also serve as a 
mecca for students, scholars, researchers 
and other individuals interested in the life 
and musical Influence of Schonberg, who 
developed the 12-tone system of musical 

“This is one of the greatest new art 
institutions to come to Vienna since the 
Second World War." says Christian Meyer, 
secretary-general of the Center, “it will be n 
scientific, cultural and educational fbun 
elation dedicated to this great composer. " 

-Included in the center will be an ex- 
hibition hail, a library and a lecture hall tor 
Schonberg students at Vienna's Academy 
of Music. There will also be a concert hall 
seating 200 people — the venue for yet 
another commemoration: the 125th an- 
niversary, in 1999. of Arnold Schbnbergs 
birth. D.H. 

Profit Powers Investment Flow 


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The best 

address is useless, 
if everything else goes 
the wrong way. 

Low labour-cost? Important when choosing 
a location for your company. Maximum 
productivity? More chan important, decisive. 
In order to guarantee both, everything else 
has to fit as well: besr relations to labour 
markets, perfect infrastructure, economic and 
legal setting, contacts with authorities and 
much more. 

In shorr: a company location bv Eco Plus. 
The best address for your company. Leased or 
purchased, but in any case made to measure. 
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information on Eco Plus Parks in Lower 
Austria, tel. +43-2236-616 26-0. 

Continued from page 19 

“These companies, of course, 
often start small, which partly 
explains fee high rates of 
growth. But the figures do 
show that foreign companies 
flourish strongly after setting 
up shop in Vienna, wife the 
rate of growth being espe- 
cially high among the young 
high-techs." This is one rea- 
son fee WWFF has system- 
atically targeted these compa- 
nies for its ongoing business 
development activities. 

Creating the dusters 
Birds of a feather flock and 
flourish together That's fee 
principle behind cluster- 
building, the guiding idea 
among Austria's nine state- 
level business development 
agencies. It works like this: If 
you assemble a critical mass 

of high-tech companies wife 
fee requisite diversity of 
complementary skills, other- 
companies — notably for- 
eign ones — will flock to join 
this mass, setting off a “be- 
neficial circle” in which 
growth feeds on itself. 

it sounds simple, but as tire 
people involved in cluster- 
building report, it’s anything 
but “One challenging thing 
about it is feat it’s indirect” 
says Ferdinand Hager, man- 
aging director of Technolo- 
gic- und StandortAgentur 
Salzburg GmbH, fee public- 
sector corporation charged 
wife managing fee business 
development activities of fee 
state of Salzburg. 

“First of all, we’re not in 
fee business of starting up 
companies. Nor can we for- 
mulate and impose a grand 
vision upon the local econ- 

omy. What we can do is cre- 
ate the facilities and condi- 
tions and provide the services 
furthering the transformation 
of a promising nucleus into a 
full-fledged cluster.” 

Judging from the range of 
facilities already set up in 
Salzbmgand fee results com- 
ing from it, Mr. Hagarnay be 
too modest The facilities in- 
clude fee Techno-Z Salzburg 
technology center, home to 
no less than 78 information 
and communication technol- 
ogies companies and six re- 
search institutes affiliated 
wife the local university. 
These companies' total 
turnover has nearly doubled 
over the past two years. 

Outgoing investment 
Of the rush to invest in Aus- 
tria, Gerhard Randa. chair- 
man of the board and chief 

executive officer of Bank 
Austria, says: “This all has to 
be put in perspective. Since 
1 990, fee amount invested h> 
Austrian companies witside 
the country — 112 billion 
Austrian schillings [S9 . 1 bil- 
lion] — has been greater than 
the foreign direct investment 
into Austria. This is partlv 
due to the geopolitical 
changes in the region. 

“Austria’s companies are 
generally small and medium- 
sized, meaning feat their in- 
ternational investments also 
tend to be small-sized. The 
fall of the Iron Curtain gave 
these companies a promising 
international market right on 
their doorsteps. The result: 
Austrian companies have ac- 
counted for 10 percent of the .» 
total foreign investment inf- 
Central and Eastern 
Europe.” TS. 


Austrian Business Agency 
Opemring 3, .Ad-010 Vienna 
Tpl.: (431)588 5800 
Fax: (43 1) 586 86 59 
Business Info 


Vienna Business Promotion Fund 
Ebendorferstrasse 2, A-1082 Vienna 
Tel.: (43 1)4000 86 794 
Fax: (43 1)4000 7070 
http://www.wwff.gv. at/wwff/ 

Useful Addresses 

Ctty Government of Vienna 
A-1082 Vienna 
Tel.: (43 1)4000 
Fax: (43 1) 4000 99 81858 

Industrial Development and 
Regionalization in Lower Austria, Ltd. 
Lugeck 1, P.O.B. 1476 
ArlOll Vienna 
Tel.: (43 1) 513 7850 0 
Fax:(431)513 785044 

i fa 

Toohnotagta- und StandortAgentur 
Salzburg GmbH 

Jakob-Haringer-Strasse 1 
A-5020 Salzburg 
Tel.: (43 662) 451 327 
Fax: (43 662) 454 888 333 

Austrian National Towfsm Office 
Margaretenstrasse 1 , A-1040 Vienna 
Tel.: (43 1)588 66 0 

Fax: (43 1) 588 66 20 


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PAGE 24 



Koreans Head to France 
And Japan Makes Playoff 

Cetnpikd by Oar Sk^Frvm Dap&cHa 

South Korea crushed a dispirited United 
■Arab Emirates on Sunday in Abu Dhabi, 3-1, 
to finish comfortably on top of Asian World 
Cup qualifying Group B. 

South Korea had long-since made sure of 
qualificatioafor next year's World Cup finals ■ 
in France. They outclassed the demoralized 
. UAE team, whose chance of making the play- 
offs ended Saturday when Japan beat Kaza- 
.khstan in Tokyo, 5-1. 

Kim Do Hood scored twice for South Korea 
which controlled the game comfortably. 

Japan must now play against the runners-up 
- of Asia group A in Malaysia on Nov. 16. The 
. winner qualifies for France while the loser gets 
another chance in a play-off against Australia. 

Spain Atletico Madrid climbed to third 
with a 3- L victory over Compostela on Sunday 
even though its star striker, Christian Vieri, 

. limped off the field. 

vieri left in the first half. The reason given 
.was a recurrence of a thigh injury, but Vieri 
immediately left the stadium to catch a flight 
. to Italy to prepare for the World Cup play-off 
■ with Russia next Saturday. 

Atletico won a poor game with goals from 
Carlos Aguilera, Miiinko Pan tic and Vieri’ s 

replacement, Rade Bogdanovic. Espanyol, 
which started the weekend in second place, 
lost its unbeaten record, 2-0, at Real Sociedad. 
Real Madrid had beaten Racing Santander, 2- 
1, on Saturday to climb to past Espanyol. 

FRANCE Danny Boffin scored the winner as 
Metz beat Guingamp, 2-1, to end a run of five 
matches without victory. 

Girondins Bordeaux, down to 10 men after 
only 24 minutes, blew a chance to take over at 
the top when it drew, 0-0, at home against 
Olympique Lyon. Johan Micoud was sent off 
when he insulted the referee. 

Germany Bayern Munich stretched its un- 
beaten league run to 13 matches with an 
unimpressive 1-0 victory at home against 
lowly Anninia Bielefeld on Saturday. 

Giovane Elber converted one of Bayern’s 
few chances when he scored from close range 
in the 24th minute. 

Bayern stayed second behind Kaiserlaut- 
erru which grabbed a bard-fought 4-3 home 
victory over Hansa Rostock on Friday. 

Scotland Rangers beat their arch-enemy, 
Celtic, in 1-0 victory in the Glasgow show- 
down Saturday. Hearts now tops the standings 
afar beating Hibernian, 2-0, in the meeting of 
die two top Edinburgh clubs. (AP, Reuters ) 

Paii Puts Leicester Out of the Cup 


Pau ensured there would be 
a French team in the Euro- 
pean Cup final for the third 
successive year when it beat 
Leicester, last season's losing 
finalist, 35- 1 8, on Sunday in a 
quarter-final match at Pau. 

Pau joined two other 
• French teams, Brive, the cup 

Rueir»QBNP«r ~ 

. holder, and Toulouse, the win- 
ner in 1996, in the se mifinal 
along with Bath of England. 

Pau scored early tries 
. through Thierry Mentieres 
- and Frederic Leloir. 

Bath beat Cardiff, 32-21. on 
. Saturday as Dan Lyle's late try 
clinched victory. 

. In the semifinals, Bath will 
entertain Pan and Brive will 
visit Toulouse. 

Argentina 18, Australia 16 

Argentina, which has 
. struggled against the other 
leading rugby nations since 

(he game went professional, 
fielded a team containing 
only six professional players 
but still beat the Wallabies in 
Buenos Aires on Saturday. 

The Pumas took an 8-0 lead 
in the first five minutes with a 
penalty kick by Diego Gian- 
nantonio and a try by Agustin 

Owen Finegan and Ben 
Tune replied with tries for 
Australia. Rolando Martin 
crashed over from for Argen- 
tina, which leveled the two- 
test series, 1-1. 

South Africa 62, Italy 31 

Italy battled hard against 
South Africa in Bologna on 
Saturday before being swept 
away in the second half . 

The Italians struggled to 
win (he ball and trailed by 
only two points at halftime. 
South Africa scored six tries. 

Now Zoaland 81, Llanelli 3 

The All Blacks opened their 
tour with an emphatic victory 
in Wales on Saturday. New 

Zealand scored 13 tries, four 
by Christian Cullen. 

On Sunday, the All Blacks 
selected the winger Jonah 
Lomu to face Wales A on 
Tuesday. Lomu has not played 
far the national team since he 
contracted a rare kidney ill- 
ness at the start of last year. 

■ Britain Hits Back 

Andy Farrell, the British 
captain, scored 16 points as 
his team leveled the rugby 
league test series with Aus- 
tralia with a 20-12 victory on 
Saturday, Reuters reported 
from Manchester. 

The home team has a 
chance of winning a series 
against Australia for the first 
time since 1970 in the third 
and final match in Leeds on 

Farrell scored a 32d- 
minute try as Britain built a 
10-6 halftime lead. Jason 
Robinson added a second- 
half try for Britain. 

B t nw Uf r h/ B wam 

Silk Cut sailing out of Cape Town for the second leg of the Whitbread race. 

Swedish Yacht Makes a Getaway 

Complied bf Oar SajffFrvm Doparka 

Swedish Match was the runaway leader 
Sunday after the first 24 hours of leg two in 
the Whitbread Round the World Race, hav- 
ing gained nearly 50 miles on the boat's 
nearest rival, • EF Language, another 
Swedish con loader. 

Swedish Match's joint skippers, Gunnar 
Krantz and Earle Williams, took a daring 
but decisive decision shortly after die start 
Saturday, splitting from the rest of die fleet 
They have been reaping die benefits ever 

While most of die fleet sat becalmed 
under the mountains of the Cape peninsula, 
Krantz and Williams picked up enough 
breeze to cany them soudi from Cape Town, 
heading to Fremantle in western Australia. 

In all, nine Whitbread 60 yachts are still 
in competition in the eight-month-long 

race. The. fleet is now split into three 

Behind Swedish Match and EF Lan- 
guage are the British entry Silk Cut, the U.S. 
boat Chessie Racing and the Monaco yacht 
Merit Cup. Those three are raking a more 
easterly course, possibly hoping to sail a 
shorter route bat currently with less wind 

tha n the leaders. 

The third group, includes the preface 
favorite, Toshiba. 

Challenge, a U.S. boat, dropped out of 
the race 10 days ago because of financial 

The voyage across rough water to Free- 
mantle, 4,700 nautical miles (8,500 kilo- 
meters) away, is expected to take about 16 
days — half the time required for the first leg 
of 7,350 nautical miles from Sout 
England, to Cape Town. (Reuters, , 


New Star 
At Breeders’ 

By Joseph Durso 

New York Times Sen ior 

INGLEWOOD, California 
— After staggering to the 
starting gate under a wave of 
injuries to its star horses, the 
Breeders* Cup show went on 
at Hollywood Park with 75 
thoroughbreds competing m 
seven races for $U million- . 

Electric performances Sat- 
urday by Skip Away, in. the 
Classic race, and by the uh- 
. defeated Favorite Trick in the. 
Juvenile race* moved both 
horses toward the wide-open 

title of Horse of the Year. ‘ 

The Breeders’ Cup also 
was graced fey a new gen- 
eration of horsemen, led by 
Patrick Byrne, the 41 -year- 
old trainer from England, 
who won two of the three 

races he entered and swept the 

stakes for 2-y ear-old horses. 

Byrne’s star of stars. Fa- 
vorite Trick, won the Juvenile 
by five and a half lengths and 
ended his first year at the 
races with his eighth straight 
success as perhaps the best 
young horse since Secretariat 
a quarter-century ago. 

Byrne’s Countess Diana ■ 
won the Juvenile Fillies by 
eight and a half lengths*. And 
both horses set records an a 
day when five Breeders* Cup 
records were broken and one 
was matched on i 
fast track at Hollywood 

Bnttbe lasting performance 
may have been rendered by 
Skip Away, the 4-year-old 
warrior who has won 11 races. 
He broke the Breeders' Cup 
record for a.m3e and a quarter 
set by Cigar two years ago at 
Belmont Park. Most of all, he 
won the gamble of the year: 
because he was never nom- 
inated for the Breeders* Cup, 
it cost $480,000 in supple- 
mental fees just to enter him. 
Bui he redeemed the faith of 
his owner. Carolyn Hine, and 
her husband. Sonny Hine, the 
colt’s trainer, and collected 
die winner^ share of die 
purse, $23 million. 

*T put my money where 
roy mouth is.“ Sonny Hine 
said. “How many other gays 
would put up half & million 

So be won the gamble and 
the race, but it is not ccrtaht 
vet that he has won Horse of ; 
die Year. Favorite Trick bo, 
came a contender for the 
title, too, although only Sec- 
retariat has won it as ai-ye^ 
old. Gentlemen, who fed dm 
list of horses that missed the 
Breeden* Cupbecau»_o£m-- 
jury. was still ranked near iW. 
top of the honors* list- 

Skip Away closed his year 
with a smashing perfor- 
mance, just three weeks after " 
he won the Jockey Club Gold 
Cup at Belmont by six and a 
half lengths. 

- He has won only four ofhh 
1 1 races this year, but he has 
run in the money each time. 
On Saturday, he swept past 
the field with half a mile to go 
and flashed home far in front 
of several other candidates for 
year-end awards. 

Deputy Commander, win- 
ner or the Travers at Saratoga, 
finished second, three -qua/- ( 
ters of a length in front of ' 
Whiskey Wisdom, who was 
later demoted to fourth by the 
stewards for interfering in the 
homestretch . with Dowty, 
who finished fourth but was 
moved up to third. 

Touch Gold, winner of the 
Belmont Stokes, ran ninth and 
last While he was dragging, a 
speed duel was developing up 
front between Deputy Com- 
mander and Honor Glide, with 
Slop Away stalking them. 

Then, with half a mile left, 
Skip Away’s jockey. Mike 
Smith, asked for more and got 
R. The horse flew through the 
stretch, lengthening his lead, . 
winning by half a dozen! 
lengths. “At the three -quar- r 
ters pole, Sfcippy warned to get 
into the game/ Smith said. 

Skip Away ran rhe mile and 
& quarter in 1:59 flat, cli; 
two-fifths of a second ol 
gar's record. 

■ - * 



NBA Standings 






Now Jersey 





■ Miami 





New York 





‘ Orteido 





- Washington 




2 ft 

■ Boston 





- Philadelphia 















' Charlotte 































inowEsr division 










San Antonio 


























0 4 




LA. Lakers 









Seattle . 









LA. Cippen 










.Golden State 






’ Ovetand 



17 32- H 

* Boston 



26 25- 92 

e Kemp 8-13 12-13 XX Penan 7-17 7-8 2& 
B: Walker 9-23 4-8 22. Mercer S-ll 6-6 l& 
RebaemS— Omtand52 (Kemp 15), Boston 
54 [Writer 71}. Asrists-Oevefcmd 20 
(B.KnigntlU. Boston 21 <McCorty4 
Brawn <0- 

Seattle 30 20 23 2*- 99 

IlKttM 28 24 26 13— 93 

& Payton 10-13 24 2*, Baker 7-1S 34 1771: 
MHIer A-17 9-10 22. Smfts 9-16 2-2 20. 
Rebounds — Seattle 45 (Bokarlll. Indiana £5 
(D-Oavts 17). Assttts— Seattle 20 (Schrempt 
Peyton 5). Indiana 26 (Jackson 6). 

Miami 21 21 14 22- 17 

New Jersey 17 »» 26- 99 

M: Austin M4 74 21. Hordawny 7-12 44 
20 ; N J j Gafflng 1 7-21 2-8 24. GB 8-14 3 4 19. 
Rebounds— Miami 54 (Austin 11}, New 
Jersey 49 (Gat&ig 12)- Assists— Miami 12 
(Mashbum 3 Hantaway 3). New Jersey 22 
(Caste! 13). 

diarta Be 24 29 28 36-107 

Wnsfcingtno 23 23 23 23- 92 

C: Rice 8-1 7 7-7 24. Mason 9-15 3-5 2b W: 

Webber 18-20 34 24. Strickland 7-175-7 19. 
Rebounds— Charlotte 55 (Mason 13), 
Washington 51 (Davis i®. 
Assists— Okntane 17 (Wesley 9], 
Washington 18 (SMddand 5)- 1 

Chicago 20 27 13 18-78 

Altanta 31 19 17 13-80 

CJoidann-2S5-7 27.Kiikoc5-131-l 1 2s 
A: Blayl ock 5-125-6 17,Mutombo 5-126-6 16. 
Robauub- Chicago 46 (Jordan, Langley 9), 
Atlanta 58 (Mutombo 11). Assists— Chicago 
19 (Jordan 6), Atlanta 13 (Blaylock 7). 
Oltamta 23 17 25 2*-» 

Detroit 22 22 14 24-84 

0: Hantaway 7-14 5-10 28 SeOcaly 8-13 34 
1 9: D: Seoty 7-1746 liB.WDBams 7-15 3-3 17. 
Reboandt— Oriando 52 (Anderson 11 Selariy 
11). Deftoff 47 (HH 8). Assists— Oftondo 18 
(PrioeS), Defeat 20 (HUll). 

Perttaad 23 21 25 17-86 

HfHtMl 22 26 M 13-85 

P: Anderson 9-17 34 24t Rider 9-21 24 23S 
H: OMurnon 10-15 7-9 27. EJIe 5-9 2-2 14 
Barkley 4-19M 14 Rtboands— PWflaml 63 
(Grad 19), Houston 47 (Saridey 14). 
Assists— Porfland 16 (Anderson 5). Houston 

Utah 21 28 26 16-91 

Denver 20 19 25 25-89 

Ur Malone 7-13 6-9 20, Homaoek 313 i r 2 
1 7; tf. Wntfams 316 1316 25 Joduon 7-1 7 1- 
2 15. Robe n ods— Utah 43 (Mataae 11). 
Denver 52 (Garrett 9). Assists— Utah 20 
(Elsleyd), Denver 19 (WUoms6). 
Minnesota 27 26 84 31—106 

VatKoarar 22 20 31 24—97 

M: Morbuty 12-18 2-4 76, GugSatto 4-179- 
1021; V: Abdor-RoNm 3197-923 Reeves 7- 
13 5-6 19. Rebounds— Minnesota 46 
Vancouver 53. Assists— Minnesota 29 
(Martwry 10). Vancouver 24 (Daniels 11). 
New York 24 31 2) It- 94 

ULUtare ' 25 26 » 22-99 
N.Y.: Ewing 3199-11 29, Childs 4-7 38 Ifc 
UV-- Harry 4-8 9-10 17, Ofaal 7-12 39 17. 
Kaboa n d i N e w York 45 (Ewing 14), Los 
Angetes59 (Hony 1 Q). AsAsts— New York 19 
(WOrdSL Los Angeles 19(VanE*el6). 
LA-CMppm 20 25 21 2S— 98 

Sacramento 23 20 18 34— S3 

LA: Berry 7-13 30 17, Murray 6-101-2 14; 
5: Richmond 9-21 6-6 25, Owens 311 2-2 15. 
Rebounds— Los Angeles 56 (Rogers 10). 

Sa crame nto 51 (Owens 8). Assists— Las 

Angetes 20 (Robinson 7), Sa crame n to 14 
(Owens 4). 

sattjxdat’ s Htnus 
Minnesota 30 28 17 22— 97 

Golden State 24 17 37 23- 90 

M: GugHotta 1 324 9-9 29 , Garnett 6-16 33 
IS G5: Sprewril 7-25 1314 24. Marshai319 
1-1 1L Reboends— Minnesota 54 (Gugttotta 
12X Golden State 75 (Marin* 18). 
A s shts M in nesota 28 (Garnett Gagflotte 
6), Golden Stria 13 (Bogues 5). 

Phoenix 31 37 30 25-423 

LA. Clippers 26 22 35 22—105 

P: Kidd 11-15 34 29, Manning 313 35 21, 
Chapman 31 3 6-8 2ft LA: Rogers 4-15 9-12 

2X Barry 311 5513 Rebo nods— Phoenbt 51 
(Bryant Manning TU Los Angeles 52 
{Murray 9). Assists— Phoertx 25 (KkU 8), 
Las Angafcs 12 (Rogers 3). 

Boston » 31 20 25- 96 

Mlwaatoe 25 19 26 35-105 

B: Walker 317 5-11 21 Mercer 74 34 17; 
M; Robinson 1319 33 31, Alton 312 7-8 2ft 
Rebounds— Boston 46 (Writer 12). 
Milwaukee 43 (Johnson 9). Asststs— Boston 

26 (Edney 1®, Mlhvautee 25 (Brandon 11]. 

Port taxi 26 19 27 29-101 

Data 23 27 T6 28- 94 

P:Andenon312 131223 Rider 1322 34 
24; D: Bmdtoy 1319 39 2&, Fbitoy 7-20 5421. 
Reboands— Porfland 58 (Sabanls 16), Dafas 
58 (Bnrdtoy 12). Assists Portland 16 
(Anderson 81. DaDas 19 (OUta 6). 

New Jersey 24 17 25 23- 86 

CWcago 26 a 20 25— 99 

NJj Cassell 7-15 56 19, GDI 3-12 1 M2 1 7; 
C: Ken 313 1-1 21, Kutoc 311 7-8 17. 
Rebounds— New Jersey 38 (Gating 9), 
Chicago 59 (Rodman 12). Assists— New 
Jersey 16 (Cossel 7), Chicago 30 (Koboc 7). 
Utril 20 15 28 25-80 

San Antonia 20 14 18 35— >7 

Us Mrione 7-15 12-15 26, Horoocek 2-10 7- 
8 12: SA Rnbfcs«i9-14 131328. JodWM 3 
8 44 14. Robeands— Ukrii 46 (Maton* 
Homacek 7), San Antonio 56 (Duncan 13). 
Asserts— Utah 13 OsJey 6), 5an Antonio 15 
(Johnson 5). 

Atlanta 31 25 16 139- 99 

aerated n 22 15 237- 97 

A Loeitner 3-8 6621, Smith 7-10 36 21; D 
Kemp 13-24 1-2 28. Pc tap en to 317 30 16 
Rebounds— Atlanta 45 (Mutombo 13), 
Cleveland 36 (Patapenka 14). 
Assists— Attartta 73 (Btaytock 7), Cleveland 

27 (Knight 10). 

Indiana 22 19 19 22- 82 

amrtntto 22 » 22 23- 89 

fc MHer 317 3-3 23 Mufti 39 44 14, 
ADavb 39 46 14; C: Rice 1318 9-10 33 
ra*nc 316 2-2 16 Reboands — Indiana 40 
(ADavta D.Davta 9). Omriatte 45 (Divac >3). 
Assists — Indiana 23 (Brat fl. Charlotte 23 
(Wesley IQ). 

Washington » SI 15 TV— 10* 

Mteri 31 23 3) 29-114 

W: Webber M-2* 1-1 3d, Howard 1 1-22 44 
26- M: Hantaway 1324 2-2 25, Mashbum 3 
10 39 22. Rebounds— Wash ingkxi 44 
(Howard, Webbet, Davis 7). Mtami 41 
(Brawn 14), Assisb— Wtas hl ngton 30 
CSMckksid 19), Miami 21 (Hantaway 12). 
Teraato 25 » 19 23— 87 

Ortedo 34 » 73 19—96 

T: Camby 316 1-2 17, Rogtrs 38 32 1« O: 
Stay 314 310 26 Hardaway 7-15 36 17. 
Reboands— Taranto 49 (Christie 7), Oriando 
52 (Grant 12). Assists — Taranto 24 
(Stowdonte 9). Oriando 25 (Qultom, Price 7). 


NHL Standings 
















New Jersey 





















N.Y. Rangers 














Tompa Bay 

2 12 






















































wumre cetnune 
















St. Louis 






































































San Jose 





















NX tenders 2 0 1—3 

CareSna 1 1 3-2 

Rrst Period: N.Y.-Green 6 (Patffy, 
Nerachkwv). 2. c-Rnnheim 3 (Brawrv 
Grirnsan] X N-Y.-Czertawskl 2 (Berard. 
SmoOnsM) Second Period: CrMorefenffie 1 
(Grtmsan. Ranheta) TWrd Period: N.Yj- 
Lapabrio 4 (Otorske, Hough) Shots on goiri: 
N.Y.-1466— 24. C- 7-14-9-30. Powerptay 
OppartimBles— N.Y.- 0 of 4; C- 0 of 6 
GoaSers N.Y.-Sato. C- Kidd 5-5-0. 

P g tsb w g h >81 0—i 

Detroit 0 8 1 o—i 

Rnt Period: Norn. Second Period: None. 
Third Period: P -Morozov 4 (Strata. 
Kasparaftfs) Z D-Shanohan 6 (sh). 
Overtone: None. Shets an goal: P- 37-3- 
4-17. D- 9-432—24. Gerries: P-Skadm. D- 

N.Y. Rragois 8 11 3-2 

Data .2 0 0 0—2 

Rnf P erio d: D-Hogne 2 (Hatcher, Zubov) 
(pp). 2, D-Langenbruaner 7 CZdbav. 
Modmo) Seared Period N.Y.- 
VraidmiBufsriM i (Sknrdland Drived. Third 
Period: N.Y.-Gretzky 6 (Borg, Leatdd 
OrarttaiK Noat Shots on goai: N.Y.- 1-84- 



Drimvt nilli KrlmfS* mam. Ilniped & Itbamtfd W Hare TSmilh ti Inimtfimil HmM Tribute 

3-46. D- 13764—27. Grata: N-Yv 
RicWet. D-Beflaat 

AftOtwim 8 3 0 1-4 

Canary 111 3-3 

FMPHtotoC-SI8ta»tl0(Zria|Htt Ftowy) 
(pp). Second Ponte A^ctene 14 (Orien) 
XA-Satoil (Janssens) 4, A-YoudglCSooco) 
& C-fginla 5 (HagtamL Casdris) TWrd 
Parted: C-McCarthy 2 (Morris. Dcwd) 
Overttare: 7, A-Yoong 4 (RacdMra ManhcdO 
Shots at go* A- 9-7-53-24. C- 14-8-9- 
0—31. Goalies: A-Hebert C-AAoss. 

Montreal 2 1 1-4 

SanJan 1 1 1-3 

Rrst Period: M-Kbivo 4 (ReaN, Corson) X 
M-Brisebois 2 (Carson, RoahO X 5-L-Kaztav 
5 (BodQcc Nkhafo) (pp). Second Period: M- 
Caaon 7 (Koivn. Matokbov) (pp). X S_L- 
Ho wider 3 (Brennaa Sturm) (pp). Third 
Parfod: SX-G31 5 (Marlow, Nktords) (pp). 7, 
Rudnskyr 5 (Darapboarae, Bard Shots aa 
gori: M- 12-5-9-26. S_L- 311-8-27. 
Graries: M-Thtoautt. P- Vernon. 

St. Loris 18 3-1 

Cehrado 0 1 3-4 

Rrst Period: SJ_-Rheaume 1 (Duchesne, 
CmnpbriO 5ecand Period: C-YeUe 1 OUad, 
Krapp) Tbad Period: C-Gitoarav I (Corbet 
LnaoW 4. CCortwt4, X C-Lacrak4 (Krupp. 
Safdd Sbob ea goal: 5J-- 3139—32. C- 3 
139-37. Goafles: SO. -McLennan. Parent 

BaflWe 0 0 2 3-2 

Ptttsbargta 10 10-2 

Hrat Period: P-Hicks 1 (Barnes, Brawn) 
Soared Period: None. Third Period: P- 
Wffluraon 1 (Oiayk, Francis) (pp). X B- 
Brewii 3 (Satan. Hobtogeri 4, 3,ZMtnik2 
(Dawe> May) Omftno: None. Stats an goat: 
B- 1313-14-1-38. P- 8439-2—31. GooBrai 
B-SMelds. P-Bonasso. 

CMcsgo 3 0 1—4 

N.Y. Istandon O 1 1—2 

First Period: C-Anwrie 7 [Carney, Cbeflas) 2, 
C -Carney l (Sutter, Amenta) (sh). X C-, 
KrivokmsavO (Amonte) Second Period: N.Y.- 
PaBTy la TOW Period: N.Y -Patffy 11 
(NeDicMnaib Vaste) 6, C-Amorie ft Shots on 
gaab C- 17-76-33 - N.Y.4-7-15— 26. 
Goode* G-Tnreri. N.Y.-Flchoo<L Sato. 
Edmonton 0 1 0—1 

Washington 1 0 1—2 

Hnt Ported: WOohanssotr 7 (Hoastoy, 
Drios) (pp). Second Period: E -Miliar 4 
(Wdri* McAramond) Third Period: W- 
Oates 5 (COte BoraJra). Shots on goal: E- 2- 
1 36-1 8. W- 12-9 -4-25. GoaSese- Joseph. 

Ptdtadotphla j 2 0-4 

Ottawa T • 3—3 

First Pntod: P-Dnrce I (Laaota) X O-Oalgto 
4 (Lovkkanea York) (pp). Second Period: P- 
Ledalrl6 (Ltadras, ProspaO; 4 P-Gratton 3 
(Fotoon. DesfanEns) (pp). X PJtadetoi 2 
(Laaeto, Wchaittaon) Third Period: CMDawe 
3 (Yoshfn, Kravchuk) 7 , 0-Arvedsson 1 (Van 
Ahen Redden) Sbets on gori: P- 313 
11-31 0- 10-6-10— 24. Goafles: P-Snow. O- 

Bested 0 0 0-8 

Now Jersey ■ > 0 1—2 

FM Period: NJ.-ETws 7 (GSraouo HoBO 
(»). Second Period: Nona. TOW Period: 
NJ^GJfmour 3 (MacLoarv NtaKam a yer ) 
(en). Shots oa goofc B- 46-8-17. N-L- 139- 
2-21 . Gsottes: B- Dafoe. NJ^Bredaur. 

0 1 2-3 

Toronto 8 0 | j 

F«t Period: None. Second period: P.- 
Kduck 1 (Rareimg. Raenfck) (pp). Third 
Period: P^Ttadtuk 7{5taney, RoenldO (pp). 

X P.-Tkadrok & tod. Studs on goal: P- 7-9- 
7—21 T. 3314-25. Goritos: Phoenix, 

Montreal 3 1 1—4 

LasAogries 0 1 8 1 

Rrst Period; M-Damphoinse 4 (Bure, 
Brfsebob) 2, M-Damphausw 5 (Brunet 
Bantatomi) (pp). Second Period: M- 
DampMusse 6 (Bure, Rucinsky) 4 LA.- 
Stompri 7 (RabttaOM TOW Period: M- 
Ructasky 6 (Domphousse, Band Sleds on 
geafa M- 11-15-8—34. lAr 9^-10-28. 
GoritaK TMMwg, Thtooutt. UL-Ftoet 
Anahrim 1216 

V oo co uraf ■ -0 0 2—3 

First Period: None; StoMdPkitadc A* Yoong 
& X A-Sriri X TOW Period: V4toonon 3 
(Messfec MoqBny) (ppL 4. A6etorm IS 
(Sacco) 5 V*, Steiger 2 (Lwmmt Nooaon) 
Shota OB goto A- 137-9-31. V- 5-313-24. 
Gatoes: A^htoJentov. V-McLeon. 

Tampa Bay 001—1 

SobJ«W 'll 1-3. 

First Period: None. Second Period: 5J.- 
Frtesen 4 (Rognarason, Craven] X SJL> 
Craven 2 (Rothta) TOW P*rio* T-Wtamer 4 
(Racine, Norton) (pp). 4, SJ.-fritOOrt 5 . 
(Suttee RattW (W). 5hot* on goto MM1- 
16-37. SJ.- 6-12.7-25. Goofitsc T-Pup«i 



How ttw top 25 teams In Tire AeaodeMd 
Preee* eo tog OtooBrettpoBtare d tti ta wok 
No. 1 N oh ntitor (96) bent Missouri 45-38. 
OT. Noxtvs. 1 own State Sotuntay- No.2 Pwin 
State (7-UlasftaNa4 Michigan 34-8. Next of 
Na 23 Purdue, Satontay. No. 3 Ftarfda State 
(960 bear No. 5 North CnraBna 23X N«d vc. 
Wbfce Forest Saturday. No.4 Michigan (94) 
beat No. 2 Perm Sole 346. Neat at Wto- 
consirv Saturday. No. 5 North QrraRoa (8-1) 
lost to No. 3 Fterido Stole 23XN«t at Ctem- 
soa Saturday. 

No. 6 Wastrtogtoa (7-B lost to Oregon 31- 
28. Nad otUCLA. Satontay. Mo. 7 OMo State 
CM) beat Minnesota 31-3. Next vs. IBnob, 
Saturday. No. 8 TteNssoo (7-1) beat No. 24 
Souttwm Mississippi 44-20. Nod at 
Arkansas, Saturday- No. 9 Georgia O-l) dM 
not play. Next vs. No. 17 Auburn Saturday. 
No.10 UCLA 06) did nal play. Nodn. No. 6 
Washtagtarv Saturday. 

No. 11 Kami State (8-1) beat Kansas 48- 
1 6. Next vs. Coioroda Saturday. No. 12 Iowa 
CM) tost In Wisconsin 13 - 10 . Nat at North- 
vrastenv Saturday- No. 13 Flarte 0-73 beat 
Vandertint 237. Next at South Cnroflna Sat- 
urday. No. 14 LSU 0-2) beat Alabama 27-0. 

. Noxtvs. Noire Dama Saturday. No. 15 Art- 
ami State o-3) beat CaSfectbi 28-21. Next 
vs. Oregea Saturday. 

No. 16 Wnstdagte State (31) boot SW 
Lotokma 77-7. Next-vc Stantord, Saturday. 
No. 17 Auburn 06J did not play. Next at Na 9 
Georgia Saturday. No. 18 Totedo (8-1) test to 
Ba8State353. Hert vs. Akran. Saturday. Mo.19 
MfaJsrippi SWo (669 did not play. Nrat at 
Alabama Satmday. Na. 20 Vtagtekr Tech (7-2) 
beal Mlanf 27-25. Nest 1 * PMsburglv Nov. XL 
Na.21 Texas A*M 0-2) brad Baylor 38-10. 
NextatOMaboma Saturday. No. 22 Syracuse 
06) beat Boston College 231X Next at PBte- 
baigte Saturday. No. 23 Punhto 06} beat 
Michigan State 22-21. Next vs. No. 2 Perm 
State Saturday. No. 24 Soother* Mississippi 
(*6) tost ta No. 8 Tennessee 44-20. Ned vs. 
Houston Saturday. No. 25 OMaboao state 
0-2) beat Oklatnma 337. Not n. Texas 
Tech, Saturday. 


Air Force 24 Army 0 
Arizona 27, Oregon SL 7 
Arizona St 7X CWHoirta 21 
Boston U. 31 Massachusetts B 
Brigham Young 49, Tutaa 39 
Cterason 29,.Ouko23 OT 
Colgate 34 Towson 3 
Colorado 4X lawn SL 38 
ComaS 37, Yale 10 
FtortddSt.Ztt North CaraflnaS 
Dartmouth 2X Columbia 21 
Driowan 37, Camedtart 29 
Harvard 27, Brawn 10 

Kansas St. 4X Noma 16 

LSU 27, Alabama 0 
Miami Ohio 4& Ohio U. 21 
Mlehigon 34 Perm St 8 
Navy 49, Temple 17 
Nebraska 45, MISHorl 38 
Northwestern 34 IKnoH 21 . 

Ohio SL 31, Minnesota 3 
CWahoma SL3ft Oklahoma 7 
Oregon 31, Washington » 

Pem 20, Princeton ir 
Perdue 22, Michigan SLZ) 

' Ma 38, TeMte Christian 19 . 

Southern Cal 45, Stanford 21 
Syracuse 20. Boston Cottege 13 

Tennessee 44 Soutbem Miss, 20 
Tennessee St 2ft Tennessee Tech 21 

Texas ASM 38. Baylor to 

Taus Tech 24 Texas 10 
Tutatie 26, Memphis 14 
VbgUta 35, Georgia Tedi31 
VhgWo Tech 27, Miami 25 
Wok* Forest 2&Ru1gen 14 



WC P W T 8B 

Britain 2a AHtada 12 



Argentina 1ft Autoofio 15 


Now Zealand All Btoda 81. LkmeM 3 

awnmiui w. mnwziALMiB 

r «*T TCm; TM«D DAT 

Australia barings; 273 

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] Michigan Shows Penn State No Mercy , 34-8 


PACE 25 


By Nicholas J. Cotsonika 

Wishintfvn ftai Sen-ice 

STATE COLLEGE, Pennsylvania — 
Rows of red taillights streamed from the 
Beaver Stadium parking lot midway 
through the thud quarter, signaling the 
abrupt departure of Penn State from the 
national title picture. 

It was quite a sight for the fourth- 
ranked Michigan Wolverines, who in- 
sist their dominating 34-8 victory over 
the second-ranked Nirtany Lions is just 
part of their march toward a magical 

“ We .saw the seats emptying, their 
« fans going home, and we said to 
ourselves, ‘They’re leaving, they’re 
leaving, ’ said a Michigan linebacker. 

College Football 

Rob Swett, a Pennsylvania native. 
“They gave up, and we knew it. We 
were dominating, and you could feel a 
wave of fire going down the sideline. 
There was a feeling like something spe- 
cial was happening.'' 

The Wolverines (9-0, 6-0 Big Ten), 
adding a potent offense to their top- 
Yaled "defense for the first time this sea- 
son, raced to a 24-0 lead Saturday — the 

■ largest halftime deficit ever for Penn 
State under Coach Joe Palemo — and 
never relinquished the momentum be- 
fore a record crowd of 97,498. They 

* entered the game having lost three 

■ straight to foe Ninany Lions (7-1, 4-1), 
who had held the nation's longest ma- 

. jar-college winning streak at 12, but left 
having handed Palemo the worst home 
\ loss of his 32-year tenure as head 

A Penn State safety, Jason Collins, 
said the Wolverines must “be the best ‘ 
team in the country 1 ' and that they were 
“a perfect football team.’’ But the Wol- 
verines themselves declined to discuss 
the polls, pointing toward other goals: 
the Big Ten title and a trip to the Rose 

The Wolverines scored on their first 
two drives to take a 10-0 lead. Mean- 
while, their defense smothered the Nit- 
tany Lions and sacked quarterback 
Mike McQueary twice in his first series 
and five times for the game. Dhani Jones 
led die Wolverines with eight tackles. 

The Nittany Lions gained just 38 
yards in the first half and 169 for the 
game, their lowest output since gaining 
169 yards at Alabama in 1981k 
. Michigan's defense “plain, straight 
rook it to us,” McQueary said. 

Penn State's Curtis Enis rushed for 
more than 100 yards for the fifth straight 
game, gaining 103. He scored the first 
second-half touchdown — and fourth- 
quarter points — against the Wolverines 
this season, punching the ball in from 
one yard out late in die fourth. But Enis 
was overshadowed by Michigan’s Chris 
Howard, Charles Woodson and Brian 

Lloyd Can, the Michigan coach, had 
asked Howard, “Aren’t you getting a 
little ored” of reading about Enis? 
Howard responded by carrying 22 times 
for 120 yards and a touchdown and 
catching four passes for 41 yards. 
Woodson broke up two passes while 
playing comefback and caught one pass 
for 37 yards and a . touchdown while 
playing wide receiver. Griese went 14 of 
22 for 151 yards and two touchdowns 
and rushed five times for 53 yards. 

In other games. The Associated Press 
reported : 

No. 1 Ncrbrawfca 45, Missouri 38 No. 1 

Nebraska needed a miracle, got it, and 
kept its perfect record. But it may lose 
its No. 1 ranking since No. 3 Florida 
State dominated No. 5 North Carolina 
and Michigan made short work of Penn 

Nebraska (9-0) avoided an upset at 
Missouri thank s to a bouncing ball that 
ended up in the hands of Matt Davison 
for a 12-yard touchdown reception that 
forced overtime. 

Nebraska trailed, 38-31, with seven 
seconds to go when Scon Frost’s pass 
toward the aid zone was knocked out of 
Shevin Wiggins's grasp. But as Wig- 
gins hit the ground, he kicked the ball 
into the air and into die end zone where 
Davison made a diving grab just before 
the ball hit the turf. “It was just floating 
in the air like a punt — end ova- end,” 
Davison said. “It just seemed like 
forever for the ball to get there.” 

. Frost made the catch pay off three 
plays into overtime, running 12 yards on 
an option play for the winning score. 

No. 3 Florida St. 20, No. 5 North Car- 
olina 3 In Chapel Hill, the Seminoles 
had nine sacks and Thad Busby threw 
for two touchdowns as Florida State 
clinched at least a tie for the Atlantic 
Coast Conference crown. 

The victory moved Florida State ('9- 
0) one step closer to a possible rematch 
of the 1993 national championship 
game with Nebraska in the Orange 
BowL The Seminoles beat foe 
Comhuskers, 18-16, four seasons ago in 
Miami to win foe national title. 

Florida State’s defense dominated 

I' ? 

Charles Woodson, left, defending against Penn State's Joe Jurevidus. 

tbs flustered offense of North Carolina 
(8-1), limiting it to 9 yards in foe first 
half. “I don’t believe any team in the 
country could have beaten them to- 
night,” said North Carolina's coach. 
Mack Brown. 

Ongon 31, No. 6 Washington 28 In 

Seattle, Akili Smith threw a 29-yard TD 
pass to Pat Johnson with 2:33 to go, and 
Oregon (5-4), which blew a 21-point 
first-half lead, ended Washington’s (7- 
2, 5-1) 12-game, Pac-10 winning 

No. 7 Ohio St. 31, Minnesota 3 In Min- 
neapolis, Joe Germaine threw for 21 1 
yards and three touchdown passes as 
Ohio State (9-1. 5-1) stayed in the race 
for the Big Ten title. 

No. 8 Tennessee 44, No. 24 Southern 
Mi— iegjppi 20 In Knoxville. Tennessee, 
Peyton Manning threw for 399 yards 
and four touchdowns and ran for another 
TD against the Golden Eagles (6-3). 

No. 11 Kansas SL 48, Kansas 16 In 

Manhattan, Kansas, Michael Bishop 

threw three touchdown passes and Ger- 
ald Neasman scored on a kickoff and an 
interception return as the Wildcats (8- 1 ) 
beat meir state rivals for the fifth 
straight year. 

Wisconsin 13, No. 12 Iowa 10 In 

Madison, Wisconsin, the Badgers 
snapped an 18-garae winless streak 
against foe Hawkeyes despite losing 
their star tailback. Ron Dayne. to a 
sprained ankle on foe game's first 

No. 14 LSU 27, Alabama O In Tus- 
caloosa, Alabama, Kevin Faulk rushed 
for 168 yards and two touchdowns and 
defensive tackle Chuck Wiley re- 
covered a fumble for a touchdown to 
help foe Tigers (7-2) to their second- 
biggest victory over Alabama (4-5) in 
102 years. 

Ball State 35, No. 18 Toledo 3 In 

Muncie, Indiana, Jake Josetti threw two 
touchdown passes and ran for a third 
score as Ball State ended Toledo's un- 
defeated season. 

Cowboys Back on Track 
With Drubbing of Cards 

& i 

J«w«i i jJm'Rmi.f 

Tfa'Auu Mini Pifji 

There’s nothing like a heavy dose of 
distractions to galvanize the Dallas 

The Cowboys evened their record at 
5-5 wifo a 24-6 victory over the visiting 
Arizona Cardinals. They fashioned it 
with nine sacks, two rare rushing touch- 
downs and another big play by Herschcl 

Dallas, its confidence shaken after 
two consecutive losses, beat the team 
(2-8) that helped turn its season sour 
with a 25-22 overtime victory Sept. 7. 

NFL Roundup 

But the turmoil over the fate of the 
Cowboys’ coach, Barry Switzer, didn't 
seem to bother a team playing without 
three offensive starters: fullback Daryl 
Johnston, tackje Mark Tuinei and guard 
Nate Newton. 

Walker came to the rescue for the 
Cowboys in the second quarter, beating 
linebacker Jamir Milter on an 11 -yard 
touchdown pass from Trov Aikman 
with 1:04 left in the half. Aikman hit all 
four passes for 58 yards on the 81 -yard 
drive before lofting a perfect pass to 
Walker in the comer of the end zone 
over Miller s outsDeiched hands. 

Buccaneers 31, Falcons 10 These 

Tampa Bay Buccaneers show no signs 
of folding. Their three-game losing 
streak a distant memory, ihe Bucs re- 
mained a playoff contender as Trent 
Dilfer threw two touchdowns passes 
and Mike Alston had a 47-yard scoring 
run in a 31-10 victory Sunday over the 
Adama Falcons. 

Tampa Bay (7-3) entered the day a 
game behind Green Bay and Minnesota 
in the NFC Central and one of the lead- 
ing contenders in the wild-card race. The 
visiting Bucs couldn't afford to slip up 
against Atlanta (2-S). and they didn't. 

The tone was set when Todd Kinchen 
fumbled on a punt return, and Shelton 
Quarles recovered at the Bucs' 48 less 
than four minutes into the game. 

After a 5-yard run by Alston, the 248- 
pound fullback ran over William White 
at foe line of scrimmage, cut to foe 
outside and rambled down the sideline 
for foe touchdown, somehow- managing 
to keep his balance and tumble into foe 
end zone after Ray Buchanan chopped 
his legs at the 2. The 47-yard run was the 
longest of Alston’s two-year career. 

tracings 29, Bears 22 The Minnesota 
Vikings needed a last-minute rally over 
last-place Chicago to hold on to their 
share of first place in foe NFC Central. 

Leroy Hoard's 1-yard run with 54 
seconds left rallied the Vikings to a 29- 
22 victory over the Bears after Min- 

nesota wasted its most productive first 
half in nearly two years. 

The victory was Minnesota's sixth 
straight, its longest streak since the 1 975 
team opened 10-0. The Vikings (8-2) 
also have their best record through 10 
games since the 1976 team opened 8-1- 
1 on its way 10 the last of the Iranchisc’s 
four Super Bowl losses. 

The 16th fourth-quarter comeback of 
coach Dennis Green's six-year tenure 
also kepi the Vikings in a first-place tie 
with Green Bay in foe Central. 

For the Bear's 1 1-9). it was the second 
time in four games they had come up just 
short against a division leader. They lost 
to Green Bay, 24-23, when a late 2-point 
conversion failed, and this time they 
couldn't make Jeff Jaeger's 36-yanl field 
goal with 3:33 remaining stand up. 

Packers 17, Rams 7 The St. Louis 
Hams had too many flags and too much 
Amonio Freeman "to pull off another 
upset in Green Bay. Freeman caught 
seven passes for 160 yards and a touch- 
down as the Green Bay Packers beat the 
Rams, holding off the Iasi team 10 beat 
them at Lam beau Field. 

The Rams (2 -81 whose upset of the 
Packers in the 1995 opener is the only 
blemish in Green Bay’s last 35 home 
games, were done in bv 1 5 penalties that 
cost them 1 10 yards. 

Brett Favre hjd his first 300- yard 
passing game of ihc season, and the 
Packers (8-2) overcame nine penalties 
of their own to win their club-record 
21st consecutive regular-season home 

■ Sanders Sets 2 Rushing Marks 

Detroit's Barn Sanders set two NFL 
records and passed another milestone 
Sunday at the game between the Lions 
and the host Washington Redskins. 

First. Sanders became the first player 
in NFL history 10 rush for 1.000 yards 
for nine consecutive seasons with his 
second carry of the game. Entering the 
game with ’998 yards, Sanders lost 4 
yards on his first run. but gained 7 on his 
next attempt when he broke a tackle in 
the backfield on a sweep left. 

Then, in the second quarter. Sanders 
overtook Tony Dorsett for third place on 
the league's career rushing list wifo a 
10-yard run off right tackle. Sanders 
went into the game needing T7 yards to 
pass Dorsett, who had 12,739 yards in 
12 seasons. Sanders now trails only 
Walter Payton (16.726) and Eric Dick- 
erson (13.259). 

Kansas City's Marcus Allen became 
the seventh player in NFL history to 
surpass 1 2.000 yards rushing with a" 30- 
yard run in the third quarter Sunday 
against the Jacksonville Jaguars. 

Hawks Stay Perfect, Edging the Cavs 

The Assvciaied Press 

Steve Smith scored 21 
points, including all nine of 
Atlanta’s points in overtime, 
as foe Hawks beat the Clev- 
eland Cavaliers, 99-97, to 
stay undefeated and continue 
their best start in 29 years. 

The Hawks, who beat foe 
NBA champion Chicago 
^ ; Bulls on Friday, became 

NBA Roundup 

foe league’s first 6-0 team, 
matching their record at foe 
season's outset in 1968. 

Dikembe Mutombo had 
16 points and 1 3 rebounds for 
the Hawks. Shawn Kem^ led 
foe Cavaliers with 28 points. 

Magic 96, Raptors 87 In 

Orlando, Rony Seikaly 
RRELp scored 26 points and Bo Out- 
law had 16 points and 10 
rebounds as the Magic beat 

Penny Hardaway added 17 
points and Outlaw, replacing 
foe injured starter Nick An- 
derson at forward, matched a 
career high wifo seven assists 
to help foe Magic even their 
record at 3-3. Marcus Camby 
.«*’ scored 17 points for T oronto, 
which lost for the fourth time 
in five games. 

HMt*114, Wizards 106 In 

Miami, Tim Hardaway 
scored 19 of his 25 points in 
j the second half and sparked a 
r* decisive run for Miami in the 
fourth quarter. 

Jamal Mash bum added 22 
points for the Heat. Terry 
Mills scored 20 points on 9- 

of-11 shooting and P.J. 
Brown had 19 points and 14 
rebounds. Cmis Webber 
scored 34 points for Wash- 
ington. Rod Strickland had 
19 assists for foe Wizards, 
one shy of his career high. 

Hornet* 89, Pacora 82 In 

Charlotte. Vlade Divac 
scored seven of his 18 points 
in the final 236 as foe Hor- 
nets won their fourth straight. 
Divac also had 13 rebounds, 
four steals and a pair of 
blocks for foe Hornets. Glen 
Rice led Charlotte in scoring 
wifo 30 points. 

B«JlS 99, Nets 86 DeXUliS 
Rodman, in the starting 
lineup for foe first time this 
season, played wifo enthu- 
siasm, and reserves Steve 
Kerr and Toni Kukoc ex- 
celled as host Chicago 
handed New Jersey its first 
loss of foe season. 

Rodman, who after a loss 
Friday at Atlanta said he was 
bored wifo basketball and 
might retire, had 12 rebounds 
and seven points. Following 
a third -quarter tip-in. be 
raised both arms and foe 
crowd cheered. 

Michael Jordan scored a 
season-low 15 points, but foe 
Bulls still improved to 4-0 at 

. Trail Blnan 101, 

ides 94 Isaiah Rider scored 
14 of his 24 points during a 
third-quarter surge that 
helped Portland win in Dal- 
las. It was the Trail Blazers’ 
fourth straight victory. 

Kenny Anderson had 28 
points to pace foe Blazers. 
Shawn Bradley’s 26 points 
led foe Mavericks. 

Spurs 87, Jazz 80 In San 
Antonio, Malik Rose and Jar- 
en Jackson scored San Ant- 


Nets’ Sam Cassell, left, battling the Bulls’ Joe Kleine. 

onio’s final seven points as 
foe Spurs beat foe Utah 

Jackson scored three bas- 
kets to spark an 8-2 run that 
gave the Spurs the lead for 
good at 60-57 wifo 9:52 left. 
He also sank four straight 
free throws in the last 22 
seconds of foe game. 

Bucks 105, Celtics 96 In 
Milwaukee, Glenn Robinson 
scored 31 points, including 
14 during foe decisive third 
quarter, as foe Bucks beat 
Boston. It was Boston’s fifth 
straight loss since it opened 
foe season wifo a victory over 
the Chicago Bulls. 

Ray Alien scored 20 points 
and Terrell Brandon added 
18 for the Bucks. 

Suns 123, COppers 105 

Jason Kidd scored 29 points 
as Phoenix won in Los 
Angeles. Danny Maiming 
had 21 points and Rex Chap- 
man scored 20 as the Suns 
improved to 3-1. 

TmribMWotvcKB 97, Warriors 

90 Tom Gugliotta had 29 
points and 1 2 rebounds as the 
Minnesota Timberwolves 
defeated win] ess Golden 
State in foe Warriors’ debut 
at foe renovated Oakland 

Latreli Sprewell scored 24 
points and Donyell Marshall 
added 18 points and 18 re- 
bounds for Golden State in 
the first home game for the 
Warriors’ new coach, P.J. 
Carlesimo. The Warriors be- 
came the NBA’s only 0-5 

Roy Stands Tall as Avalanche Rolls Over Blues 

■' The Asstvuted Press 

Patrick Roy slopped 30 shots and 
earned his 356th victory moving past 
Rogie Vachon into seventh place on the 
career victory list for goaltenders, and 
the Colorado Avalanche beat the si. 

Louis Blues. 4-1. in Denver. 

Alexei Gusarov, Rene Corbet and 
Eric Lacroix scored third-penod goals - 

NHL Roundup 

Saturday as the Avalanche pulled away 
from a 1-1 tie. The goals came five 
minutes apart and chased the Blues 
goahender, Jamie McLennan, who was 
subbing for Grant Fuhr. Fuhr sat ou 
game with a sore Iefi arm. 

Coyote* 3, Map* L”*** 0 ! n Jch^mul 
Nikolai Khabibulin got his fust *Juumh 
of the season with 15 saves as Phoenix 

skated pasr the punch less Map * 

Khabibulin had seven shutouts last 
year and shared the league lead with 

Roy. It was the second time in foe last 
three games that the Maple Leafs had 
been shut out. Keith Tkachuk scored 
two goals for foe Coyotes. 

CapHai* 2, oner* i Phi] Housiey be- 
came foe second Amencan-boro player 
in National Hockey League history to 
score 1,000 points, on an assist, as 
Washington beat visiting Edmonton. 

Housiey, 33, reached the milestone 
wifo 4 *48 elapsed in foe first period. He • 
has a goal and- nine assists this season 
and is 286-7 14 over 1,08 1 games. 

Satftwa 2 , Ponguiiw 2 Curtis Brownand 
Alexei Zhitnik scored in foe final eight 
minutes of foe third period to give Buf- 
falo a tie in Pittsburgh. Alex Hicks and 
Neil Wilkinson scored for the Penguins, 

who are winless in four games. 

Itarife 2, Bnrfn* o Martin Brodeur re- 
corded his sixth straight victory by mak- 
ing 17 saves as New Jersey snapped foe 
Bruins’ six-game road winning streak. 

glackhawis 4, lalander* 2 ■. Tony 

Amonte scored twice for Chicago and 
had two assists, and Chris Terreri stopped 
24 shots for his fifth straight victory. 
Keith Carney and Seraei Krivokrasov 
also scored for the Blackhawks. 

Ftyars 4, Senators 3 John LeClaif, 
Chris G ration and Shjon Podein scored 
in the second period as Philadelphia 
won on the road against Ottawa. 

ffwmii>M 4, Kings i Vincent 
Damphousse scored foe first three goals 
of the game for his 10th career hat trick 
as Montreal snapped a six-game wintess 
streak in Los Angeles. 

Sharia 3, Lightningl In San Jose.Jeff 
Friesen and Murray Craven each scored 
goals on deflections in foe second peri- 
od, and Kelly Hrudey stopped 36 shots 
as foe Sharks beat Tampa Bay. 

Mighty Duck* 3, Canucks 2 Tee mu 
Selanne extended his goal-scoring 
streak to 10 games as Anaheim won in 
Vancouver, handing the Canucks their 
ninth straight loss. 

fv> ■'i; x'y&i . jry * W: : 

i^MMmnrm sPoriT 

... '*"• • *■ •' • .... J ” 

Pete Sampras lines up ixi Hatfover as the fay tmrite to Wih the World 
Championship crown; eagi Oreg Rusedski? Mick Rafter or Cartos .il 
challenge for the Wort# Cltan^fOlishsp >. > £ ! ; 

11 - 16 November, LIVE, 

The World Championship, 

The top eight players in the 
world meet in Hanover to 
battle it out for foe World 
Championship, John McEnroe . 
and Mfchael Stich join 
Euros porfs commentary teas 

12 November, Brad v 
Wales, Brasilia 
Wales travel to BrazB Ip meet 
foe current Work! Champions 
and even with foe Premiership's 
top scorer, John Hartson 
leading Ihe line its a 
formidable task 

15 November, The World 
Civ play-offs, second leg 

The final part of foe European 
section of the line up for next 
year’s World Cup falls into 
place tonight as Ireland, 
Belgium, Italy; Russia, Croatia, 
Ukraine, Hungary and 
Yugoslavia battle it out 

16 N o vember, UVE, Napa 
500, Atlanta 

The final round of foe Winston 
Cup comes from Atlanta and 
the Championship will be 
decided, in this race 

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PAGE 26 

World Roundup 

Ka felniko v Is King 

Of the Kremlin 

tennis Yevgeni Kafelnikov, 
the top seed, pleased his home 
fans Sunday ana secured a place in 
this week’s ATP finals when be 
beat Petr Korda of the Czech Re- 
public, 7-6, 6-4, in the Kremlin 

Cup final in Moscow. 
The victory, worth 

The victory, worth $157,400, 
put the Russian back into die 
world’s top eight and gave him a 
place in the Hannover, Germany, 
-event that starts Tuesday. 

“I feel like I’m in heaven,’* 
Kafelnikov said 

“We both played well, but my 
opponent had a little bit more 
luck,' 1 Korda said. He said it was 
his last tournament of the year. ‘ T 
can start drinking happily to- 

• Jonas Bjorkman also won in 
his home country Sunday. The 
young Swede beat Jan Siemerink. 
a Dutchman, 3-6, 7-6, 6-2, 6-4, in 
the final of the Stockholm Open. 

“It can’t get much better -than 
w innin g at home,” said Bjork- 
man. The victory, worth 
$112,000, was die Swede's third 
career title, all won during his 
rapid climb this year from 69th to 
fourth in the world rankings. Hie 
victory was also Bjorkman's 67th 
match victory, the most .by any 
player on the ATP tour this year. 

• Lindsay Davenport ended the 
run of 16-year-old Serena Wil- 

liams on Saturday to advance to 
the final of the Ameritech Cup in 

Davenport brought Venus Wil- 
liams's lutie sister back to earth 
with a 6-4, 6-4 victory. 

Unseeded Nathalie Tauziat 
reached the final with a 6-2, 6-3 

upset of fourth-seeded Iva Majoli 
of Croatia, who has . straeeled 

of Croatia, who has . struggled 
since winning the French Open. 

The remarkably athletic Wil- 
liams, a wild card entry playing 
only her 13th professional match, 
was looking for her third succes- 
sive top- 10 scalp after beating the 
fifth seed, Mary Pierce, ana the 
second seed, Monica Seles. 

Davenport, who played Venus 
Williams, die U.S. Open runner- 
up, this year, said: Serena ac- 
tually has a little better serve. Both 
are tremendous athletes and have 
pretty similar games. Both have 
great backhands and both hit the 
ball hard.” 

The loss ended Williams’s year 
because she lasted so long in 
Chicago that she missed the qual- 
ifying tournament for next week’s 
Philadelphia event (AP, Reuters) 


Yevgeni Kafelnikov hitting a fore- 
hand to Petr Korda on Sunday. 

War lie Ties Down Kiwis 

cricket Shane Wame took 
four wickets Sunday to give Aus- 
tralia a slight advantage over New 
Zealand on rhe third day of the 
first test in Brisbane. 

Wame bowled for 42 overs as 
New Zealand was all out for 349 in 
its first innings, 24 runs behind 
Australia. The home team then 
reached 25 runs for one wicket in 
its second innings. 

• South Africa beat Sri Lanka 
by four wickets in the final of the 
Pakistan Golden Jubilee trophy in 
Lahore. South Africa passed Sri 
Lanka’s modest total of 209 for 
the loss of six wickets with nine 
overs to spare. ( Reuters ) 




V. . 

In a Brutal Slugfest, Holyfield Is Best 

By William Gildea 

Washington Post Service 

LAS VEGAS — It was a slugfest, a 
bloody brawL Evander Holyfield 
shunned a tactical fight and, bleeding 
from a cut eye, knocked down a valiant 
Michael Moorer five times before the 
referee, Mitch Halpem. stopped the bru- 
tal heavyweight unification bout after 
the eighth round on the advice of the 
ring physician. 

A roaring crowd of 13,200 at die 
University of Nevada Las Vegas's 
Thomas & Mack Center was on its feet 
for most of Saturday night’s fight as 
Holyfield worked desperately to put 
Moorer away after suffering a cut after a 
head butt in the third round. 

Holyfield added die International 
Boxing Federation title to his World 
Boxing Association crown, and set up 
the possibility of a complete unification 
of the heavyweight division in the 
spring against Lennox Lewis, the World 
Boxing Council champion. 

-Holyfield knocked down Moorer 
twice in the both seventh and eighth 
rounds after dropping him first in the 
fifth. Lewis, a ringside observer, 
scoffed at Holyfield’s performance say- 
ing, * ‘He was there for the taking. ’ ’ That 

might come as news to Moorer, who hit 
Holyfield with everything he had. But 
nothing could stop Holyfield from keep- 
ing up intense pressure. 

“I’m disappointed the doctor 
stopped the fight,*’ Moorer said. “I 
thought the fight was even up to the end. 
I beat him once, he beat me once. Let’s 
do it again." Holyfield had other ideas, 
looking ahead to a bout with Lewis. 

“Don King is my promoter for now 

and I hope he can arrange a fight with 
Lennox Lewis,” Holyfield said. 

Lennox Lewis," Holyfield said. 

Moorer shook Holyfield with a 
counter right hook, from his southpaw 
stance just before the end of Round 1. 
Moorer then landed a combination to 
Holyfield’s head in the opening seconds 
of Round 2, and put together another set 
of solid punches one minute into die 
round. Holyfield elected to slug it out 
with the heavy-punching Moorer, a dan- 
gerous tactic. 

Holyfield drove Moorer back with 
repeated left hooks in Round 3. But in 
what appeared to be an accidental butt 
of heads, a cut was opened near Holy- 
field’s right eye. 

Holyfield and Moorer went at it toe to 
toe in the fourth round, with Holyfield 
scoring heavily at first. But he stopped 
throwing punches near the ropes, and 

Moorer capitalized. Holyfield then ral- 
lied to scene with a clean right hand, 
backing Moorer into a neutral comer 
and punishing him with several com- 
binations to the head. The crowd was on 
its feet as Holyfield abandoned all cau- 
tion, fighting as if he had to get Moorer 
out before his eye cut finished him. 

“Holyfield! Holyfield!” the crowd 
chanted during Round 5, but Moorer 
began to score again with his right- 
handed jab. Holyfield confirmed digging 
to the body with his left hand and scoring 
to the head with hooks. But Moorer 

poked at the injured eye, hitting Holy- 
field with both lefts and rights. Holyfield 

field with both lefts and rights. Holyfield 
looked as if he might go down, but he 
suddenly uncorked a huge right that 
knocked Moorer backward and then 
onto his knees on the canvas. He 
struggled to his feet, making it by the 
count of eight, then held on during the 
round’s last seconds. 

Holyfield hooked to Mooter's head 
early in the sixth round, but blood 
streamed down his face from the cut 
Moorer landed a left to the eye that 
snapped Holyfield’s head, then fol- 
lowed with a combination. Holyfield 
brushed file blood from his vision and 
looked for an opening. He drew a low- 
blow warning as be landed a punch on 

Arsenal Stops Leader 
With Platt’s Late Goal 

. ; s' 


David Platt headed the winning goal 
with eight minutes to play Sunday as 
Arsenal won, 3-2, at Manchester United, 
the English Premier League leader. 

The victory moved Arsenal up to 
second in the table, behind United. 

Nicolas Anelka, an 18-year-old 
Frenchman, put Arsenal ahead after 
nine minutes with his first goal for the 
club. He beat Peter Schmeichei, the 
Manchester United goalkeeper, with a 
powerful right-foot drive. 

Arsenal went up 2-0 when another 
Frenchman, Patrick Vieira, turned on a 

Japan Gains Key Victory. Page 24. 

loose ballon the edge of the penalty area 
and lashed a high, dipping shot past 
Schmeichei after 27 minutes. 

United responded with two goals from 
Teddy Shexingham in seven minutes. His 
first was a 33d minute header. He equal- 
ized with a superb second, collecting the 
ball with his back to goal before turning 
and firing past David Seaman. 

Chelsea climbed to fourth with a 2-1 
victory over its London rival. West 
Ham. Chelsea took die lead in the 57th 
minute with an own-goal by Rio Ferdin- 
and, the West Ham center back who was 
called into the England squad last week 
and turned 19 on Friday. 

Gianfranco Zola scored Chelsea’s 
second in the 83d minute. John Hartson 
scored from a penalty for West Ham in 
the 85th minute. 

Sunday’s nine goals took the total in 
the Premier League's nine matches to 

41. The weekend’s highest scorer was 
Sheffield Wednesday, which fired its 
manager, David Pleat, on Monday. It 
beat Bolton, 5-0, to move off the bottom 
of the table, 

Southampton, another straggler, beat 
Barnsley, 4-1. Tottenham slid closer to 
the bottom with a 4-0 loss at LiverpooL 
Leeds trailed 3-0 at home to Derby but 
woo, 4-3. Blackburn scored twice in the 
last 10 minutes to beat Everton, 3-2. 

ITALY Taribo West scored in the last 
minute Sunday as Inter Milan beat 
Atalanta Bergamo, 2-1, to stay atop 
Serie A. Both teams finished with 10 
meal Inter’s Youri Djorkaeff and 
Atalanta 's Andrea Sotfil were both sent 
off. Djorkaeff had given Inter the lead, 
but Nicola Caccia equalized for 
Atalanta with 10 minutes to play. 
West's strike gave unbeaten Inter its 
seventh win in eight league matches. 

AC Milan refused to release Leonardo 
for Brazil's midweek friendly with 
Wales. On Sunday, the midfielder scored 
both goals in a 2- 1 victory ova: Brescia at 
the SanSiro Stadium. It was Milan’s first 
home victory of the season. 

Netherlands Ajax Amsterdam, the 
Dutch league leader, thrashed Sparta in 
Rotterdam on Sunday, 5-0, to stretch Its 
unbeaten ran to 13 matches. 

Jari Litmanen scored a hat-trick for 
Ajax, two of them from first half pen- 
alties. His first goal was also his 100th 
for Ajax. He completed his hat-trick 
with a drive from the edge of the box 
early in the second half. Ajax has scored 
48 goals in 13 league games. 

PSV Eindhoven, which is second, 
also scored five goals as it beat NAC 

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Alain Boghossian, right, of Sampdoria of Genoa ta ckling Pavel Nedved 
of Lazio. Nedved scored as Lazio won in Rome on Sunday, 3-0. 

Breda, 5-1. Gilles de Bilde scored twice 
as PSV took a 4-0 lead by half time. 

Vitesse Arnhem is a distant third after 
beating Heerenveen on Saturday, 4-2. 

Fifth -placed Feyenoord, with a new 
coach, Leo Beeohakker, in charge, 
struggled to a poor goalless draw at 
bottom team Volendam. 

Russia Spartak Moscow won at 
second-placed Rotor Volgograd on 
Sunday, 2-1 to retain its Russian premi- 
er league title. 

Spartak started the day two points 
ahead of Rotor — originally known as 
Trakxor Stalingrad — and needed only a 

draw to claim its fifth title in the six years 

Sinn> fho Dnceion nme mi ... TV 

since the Russian league was set up. Two 
goals in four second-half minutes from 
Valery Kechinov and Alexander Sbiifco 
put the issue beyond doubt. 

■ Argentine Match Abandoned 

Miss He- thro wing fans forced an Ar- 
gentine championship match to be sus- 
pended midway through the second half 
Saturday night. Boca Juniors were win- 
ning, 3-0, at Rosario Central when the 
referee, Javier Castrilli, stopped the 
game after stones and a firecracker were 
thrown by fans behind the Boca goal. 

Every country has its own AT&T Access Number which 

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Step* to folknr for easy 

What’s in a l ^ s 
Name Seems 
Like a Lot 

By Ian Thomsen 

tmemnueud Herald Triton r 

UTMiml'TV IV— 

Evander Holyfield throwing a left at Michael Moorer in the first round of their heavyweight title boot. The fight was stopped after eight rounds. 

Moorer’s green tranks. Mower jabbed 
and followed with a straight, hard left 
opening the seventh round. 

He men moved in confidently and 
Holyfield surprised him. with a com- 
bination- Moorer was knocked wobbly, 
but somehow stayed up despite a 
wicked right to the head, followed by 
two open lefts to the liead. Holyfield 
finally dropped Moorer with a short 
right uppercut with about a minute left 
in the round. Moorer waited out the 
count, and got up at eight. 

Holyfield went in pursuit again and 
dropped Mooter with a right uppercut. 
Moorer appeared to go down even 
harder this time. But with a tenacity he 
had never shown before in his career, 
Moorer managed logetup again. 

Holyfield knocked Mower down two 
more times in the eighth round. The 
second time — - the fifth trip to the 
canvas overall — Moorer was stretched 
out completely by the force of the 
blows. Once more though, he got back 
up and made it to the bell But that 
would be it. as the ring doctor. Flip 
Homansky, stopped the fight 

Holyfield will receive $20 million for 
the fight and Moorer will get $8 million. 
Holyfield made $35 million in June 
against Mike Tyson. 

T HE retired basketball star Kareera . 
Abdul-Jabbar has filed a lawsuit : 
in Los Angeles against the mid- 
dling American football player, Karim k , 
Abdul-Jabbar. V 

The first Abdul-Jabbar wants the 
second Abdul-Jabbar to change his 

This reminds me of a ease in 1983 .. 
involving Bill Russell the retired cham- 
pionship center of the Boston Celtics. A 
man was arrested in Natchitoches, 
Louisiana, for borrowing money and" 
other favors from widows after telling 
them he was Bill Russell. When one of 
the widows remarked that she had ex- . 
pected Bill Russell to be much taller , the 

man said she was indeed perceptive, and 

that he had found sleeping in normal- . 
sized beds a problem, which was why he 
had an operation to shorten his legs by 
six inches. He was arresred. ’ . 

The case of the two Abdul- Jabbars is. 
of course, entirely different, apart from 
the fact that the first AbduHabbar is 7 
feet, 2 inches tall (2.2 meters) ami the 
second Abdul-Jabbar is 5 feet, 1 1 inches 
tall. The shorter Abdul-Jabbar went by 
the name of Shannon Shah until two 

years ago. 

According to the lawsuit, the first Ab- 
dui-Jabbar felt that the second Abdul- 
Jabbar “could have adopted a wide range 
of names other than Karim Abdul-Jabbar 
to rwrface his then-current name.” 

The toller Abdul-Jabbar made his 
own name famous during a Ifi-year ca- 
reer in which he became the NBA’s all- 
time leading scorer. “From all the nu- 
merals available to him.” the enormous 
plaintiff alleges in his lawsuit, the de- 
fendant “selected ‘33,’ to appear on hit 
football jersey, both in college at UCLA 
and for the Miami Dolphins, with the 
name ’Abdul-Jabbar’ appearing above 
it on the back of the jersey.’* 

This seems to be especially grating 
because the original Abdul-Jabbar also 


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4 * 

wore No. 33 on his Jersey while playing 
basketball for UCLA. At that time. 

however, his name was Lew Alrindor. 
The taller Abdul-Jabbar wants a federal 
judge to award him damages and im- 
mediately stop the sale of merchandise 
bearing the name of the Dolphins’ run- 
ning back. 

To put things in perspective, if any- 
body should have filed a lawsuit, it is 
Walter Smith, Jr., bom in 1921, who 
became possibly the greatest boxer 
ever. Along the way he changed lus 
name to Sugar Ray Robinson and then 
so did everyone else. Sugar Ray Seales 
won an Olympic gold medal for the 
United States in 1972. Sugar Ray Le- 
onard did the same in 1976, turned 
professional and somehow beat 
Roberto Duran just by teasing him. He 
then upset Marvelous Marvin Hagler’ 
(no one has quite gotten around to bor- 
rowing that name) without landing a 

But now Kareem Abdul-Jabbar 
seems to think his name is a property, 
like the Olympic rings. Which of course 
it is. Any name, image or logo faintly 
recognizable to anyone these days is a 
property. This is the work of the real 
culprit in this case: focus groups. 

u you aren’t familiar with focus 
groups, they are quite an innovation. 
What happens is a bunch of people from 
off the street are asked to come into a 

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room surrounded by see-through mir- 
rors. Watching from the other side of the 

mirrors are executives who are deciding 
the subject of their next Hollywood 
blockbuster, best- selling book or bouse*' 

hold product. The people in the focus • 
group are asked, “What would you like 

group are asked, “What would you like 
to see on the market next?” 

Thus, we are left with “Batman” 
movies, remakes of “The Flintstones” 
and "Casper the Friendly Ghost” and 
sequels of movies that no one liked the 
first time around except for their Mo- 
town soundtracks. 

Whether he did it on purpose or not, 
Karim Abdul-Jabbar bought himself in-, 
stant name recognition, which is what 
focus groups like most of all. I know 
because I ran this siorv idea through my 
own focus group. They wanted if. . 

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