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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


rhe World’s Daily Newspaper R London, Thursday, November 13, 1997 



Pakistan Killings: 
Link to U.S. Trial? 

4 Americans Shot Dead in Karachi 
In Attach With Political Overtones 

By Kenneth J. Cooper 

Washington Past Service 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Four American oil company em- 
ployees were sbot and killed Wednesday in die Pakistani port city 
of Karachi, and the police there said the attack might have been 
staged in retaliation for the conviction Monday in aU.S. court of a 
Pakistani for the killing of two CIA employees in 1993. 

Family sources and Pakistani security officials said the gunman, 
Mir Aimal Kami. bad indicated to his brother in conversations in 
a jail in V urginia that Islamic fundamen talis t supporters would take 
revenge for his prosecution. 

The police said the fgur Americans, auditors for the Houston- 
based Union Texas Petroleum Co., were being driven in a station 
wagon from their hotel in central Karachi to the company's local 
offices when the attack occurred. 

Malik Iqbal, the Karachi police chief, said that another car 
pulled up behind the station wagon and that several men in the car 
began firing at the Americans with automatic weapons. The 
fusillade forced the station wagon off the road, the chief said, at 
which point the assailants sprayed the vehicle and its occupants at 
close range with more gunfire before speeding away. 

“Everyone in the car died on the spot,” Mr. Iqbal said, 
including the Pakistani driver. 

“It is premature to say why the Americans were killed,” Mr. 
Iqbal said , * ‘but there is a strong possibility that it was linked to Mr. 
Kansi's conviction." He added that a citywide hunt for the killers 
was under way and that the car they used had been found 
abandoned about half a mile from the shooting site. 

[In Washington President Bill Clinton’s spokesman described 

See PAKISTAN, Page 6 



Hjwr Apni Flj/niPii iw 


An unidentified man shouting for help beside the car in which four Americans were shot in Karchi on 
Wednesday in what may have been retaliation for the conviction of a Pakistani gunman in a U.S. court. 


Security Council 
Sets Travel Ban 
On Iraqis and 
Warns Saddam 


In Diplomatic Victory for West, 
Unanimous Vote Condemns 
Threat to Fire on Spy Planes 

By Barbara Crosseile 

\i n- >'. ft \ Service 

UNITED NATIONS. New York — The Security 
Council voted unanimously Wednesday to impose a 
travel ban on Iraqi officials who do not cooperate with 
an international disarmament commission and 
threatened unspecified further action if President Sad- 
dam Hussein does not rescind an order to expel 
American weapons inspectors. 

The resolution also condemned Iraq for threatening 
to shoot down U-2 surveillance planes, blocking in- 
spections and hiding equipment during the current 
crisis and culled the Iraqi actions "a threat to in- 
ternational peace and security.” 

Iraqi officials said they would defy the Security 
Council's demands, leaving a big question about what 
comes next. In Baghdad, weapons inspection teams 
were again barred from entering suspect sites because 
there were Americans among them. 

Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz, who has been in 
New York arguing Iraq's case, did not ask to address 
the Security Council on Wednesday, as he was entitled 
to do as a representative of the country in the dock, 
after it became evident that all (5 council members 
supported the resolution. 

While the United Slates and Britain 



nglish Au Pair Is Free, 


But Medical Debate Rages 

Doctors Attack Defense 9 s Scientific Claims 




,*K-- 




By Carey Goldberg 

New York Tunes Servke 


— j 


■*»v. 

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CAMBRIDGE, Massachusetts — 
Now that Louise Woodward is free, die 
? suspense in the English au pair's sen- 
* sational murder trial seems resolved; but 
?• the critical question of scientific fact at 
the core of her case — what exactly killed 
Matthew Eappen, the 8-month-oid baby 
in her care — most decidedly is not 
From around the country, pediatri- 
ik cians specializing in child abuse pro- 
, tested the assertion of Ms. Woodward's 
V lawyers that the medical evidence sup- 
?■ ported her claim of innocence. In a 
.. public letter issued Tuesday by the Mas- 
>: sachusens Society for the Prevention of 
^Cruelty to Children, 50 of them said, 
r - The prosecution put forward well es- 
tablished medical evidence that over- 
[^JrhelmLngly supported a violent shak- 
J$tng/impact episode on the day in 
ff^uestion, when Matthew was in the sole 
if Custody of Ms. Woodward.” 
n "The shaken baby syndrome,” the 
• fetter said, “is now a well-characterized 
“ clinical and pathological entity with dia- 
gnostic features virtually unique to this 
type of injury” — swelling of the brain, 
bleeding withio the head and bleeding in 
the interior linings of the eyes. 

Identified and researched for the last 
generation, “shaken/impact baby syn- 
drome” is believed to cause about 300 


deaths and hundreds more injuries per 
year nationwide among children under 
age 2. It involves shaking and slamming 
of extreme violence — nothing as in- 
nocuous as bouncing a child on one's 
knee or a fall from a chair. 

Ms. Woodward's lawyers, who have 
called this a case that turns on science, 
accused the prosecution of twisting the 
medical truth and vowed to pursue fur- 
ther “scientific investigations” that 
would exonerate her completely, though 
they would not specify their nature. 

The defense and the pediatricians 
who wrote the letter agreed, however, 
that the time had come for some kind of 
peer review process that would police 
scientific testimony and discipline col- 
leagues who deviated from the truth 
because of their own agendas — or 
those of the people who pay them. 

Certainly, such peer review might 
have helped at the Woodward trial. 
Even Judge Hiller Zobel, who reduced 
Ms. Woodward's conviction from 
second-degree murder to involuntary 
manslaughter and released her on Mon- 
day alter sentencing her ro time served, 
did not undertake to rule decisively on 
what the medical experts had said 

He wrote only that he believed Ms. 
Woodward had become rough with the 
baby, and ‘ ‘the roughness was sufficient 

See AU PAIR, Page 6 


New Math for Workweeks 

Europe Firms Trim Hours, but Not to Add Jobs 


By John Tagliabue 

Sew JV-Hr Times Service 


BOLOGNA, Italy — For 20 years, 
Amadeo Nassetti's routine had been as 
immovable as the huge machines he 
works on at a factory here owned by 
Bonfiglioli Group. He put m the same 
eight hours a day, starting at 8 A.M., five 

days a week. ., .. 

But List year, his 21st ai Bonfiglioli, a 
world leader in the manufacture of gear- 
hoxes and electrical motors, Mr. Nas- 
setti needed a dance card to keep track of 
his schedule. , . 

Instead of 40 hours a week, he found 
himself working fewer than 32. and in 
.^mating shifts starting as far apart as 0 
and 10 P.M. Some weeks he 
worked four days, others five; some 
weeks he worked Saturdays, in others he 
had four-day weekends. This autumn, 
the 57-year-old has a ? 4 -hour w^k. 
wife most Saturdays and Sundays ioi ft. 

The only thing that has remained the 

same is bis salary. . 

Mr. Nassetti’s shorter but far less pre- 
dictable schedule is corporate Europe s 


Newsstand Prl(gg_ 


I Bahrain 1.000BD Mate •— 

1 Cyprus C £ 1.00 Nigeria 

Denmark 14.00 DKr Oman. 

Finland ......12.00 FM Qatar — 1 



answer to an acrimonious debate sweep- 
ing the Continent about jobs. 

As politicians, labor leaders and em- 
ployers argue over fee age-old vision of 
cutting working hours, some bigger 
companies, like Bonfiglioli, have al- 
ready taken out fee ax. But they are 
doing it to enhance their competitive- 
ness, particularly internationally, and 
not to help cut unemployment, as some 
are urging, .by letting those without 
work take up fee slack. 

“It was not really an issue of re- 
ducing hours but of gaining flexibility,” 
said Sonia Bonfiglioli, the company’s 
chief executive. 

Adding jobs has been fee goal of 
leftist politicians and union leaders 
searching for ways to slice Europe's 
persistently high unemployment, 
double the level in the United Stares, if 
the Continent cannot increase the size of 
its economic pie, they argue, then work- 
ers should make do wife a smaller slice 
— though no less pay — so feat more 
people can come to fee table. 

The idea has caught on in Italy, where 
fee government recently pledged to trim 
fee maximum legal workweek to 35 
hours, from 40, by 2001. The French 
have made a similar vow. 

But those moves have isolated Paris 
and Rome from the rest of fee 15-mem- 
ber European Union, which rejects fee 
idea as ineffective, and they have also 
splintered labor. 

Some in labor's mainstream- say a 
rigid system of shorter hours, by itself, 
could actually cost jobs by adding ex- 
pense to European companies feat 
already have trouble competing effec- 
tively in the global market. Shorter 
hours should be negotiated on a com- 
pany-by-company basis, the raarn- 

See JOBS, Page 5 


Rebuilding UN Coalition: 
Unity Is Proving Elusive 

By Charles True heart 
and David Hoffman 


AGENDA 


Nervous Markets 
Follow Asia Down 

Waves of nervous stock selling 
swept around the globe again Wed- 
nesday, landing with a roar on fee 
shores of Brazil 

Steep foils in Hong Kong and 
Tokyo pushed London, fee Euro- 
pean market wife fee most ties to 
Asia, down more than 2 percent. 

Meanwhile, in Washington, Fed- 
eral Reserve Board policymakers 
decided not to change U.S. interest 
rates. Page 11. 


\ The Dollar I 

NewYa* 

Wednesday 04 P.M. 

previous dose 

DM 

1.7175 

1.709 

Pound 

1.7045 

1.7045 

Van 

126-525 

125.045 

FF 

5 7572 

5.7239 

■BP 




Wednesday dose 

prevtoufcclofre 

-151.76 

7406.97 

7558.73 

S&P 500 

change 

Wednesday O 4 P.M. 

previous dose 

-17JB7 

905.91 

923.78 


U.S, Labor’s Muscle 

The humiliation suffered by 
President Bill Clinton when House 
Democrats failed to rally to fee 
“fast-track” trade bill underlines 
fee growing muscle of organized 
labor in the party. Page 3. 


RAGE TWO 


Bad Old Days in 

Belarus 

THE AMERICAS 

Pages. 

Labor's Hand Growing Stronger 


Page 10. 




Pages 8-9. 

Sports 

Pages 18-19. 

1 The IHT on-line 

vvwvv. i hl.ee m H| 

J 


Washington Post Service 

As fee UN Security Council reached 
agreement on imposing a travel ban on 
Iraqi officials, fee chief U.S. represen- 
tative to the United Nations, Bill 
Richardson, proclaimed Wednesday, 
"The old coalition is back.” 

If fee new warning to President Sad- 
dam Hussein embodies fee Gulf War 
coalition of major powers that drove 
Iraqi troops out of Kuwait in 1991, then 
it is a diminished, uneasy incarnation 
feat does not disguise persistent dif- 
ferences of approach, notably between 
fee United States and two other Security 
Council members, France and Russia. 

The two countries' opposition to fee 
threat of military retaliation reflects a 
multitude of economic and geopolitical 
interests, as well as transient diplomatic 


By Brian Knowlton 

International Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — President Bill 
Clinton and Vice President AI Gore 
have been questioned by Justice De- 
partment officials who are examining 
possible campaign fund-raising abuses, 
fee White House said Wednesday. 

Mr. Clinton was interviewed Tues- 
day in the While House residential quar- 
ters and Mr. Gore at fee vice presidential 
mansion, according to Michael Mc- 
Curry, the White House spokesman. 

The two reportedly were not placed 
under oath by FBI agents. Both were 
accompanied by their attorneys. 

The interviews marked a significant 
move forward in parallel investigations 
feat risk further tarnishing fee images of 


tensions and deeply ingrained nation- 
alist streaks. Both countries have past 
and potential energy investments to ex- 
ploit, and a past political influence in the 
region they would like to reclaim. 

"The Russians are in a bit of a di- 
lemma," a Western diplomat in Mos- 
cow said. “On fee one hand they want 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


unity in the Security Council, and want 
Iraq to destroy its weapons of mass 
destruction. But they have a lot of in- 
terests, and they think they have a spe- 
cial influence wife Iraq, that they can be 
interlocutors. So they are always more 
reluctant to use force." 

An Iraq in turmoil, should Mr. Sad- 
dam be weakened or fall, would create a 
vacuum that its neighbor Iran would 


Mr. Climon, whom some are already 
calling a lame duck, and Mr. Gore, 
whose campaign for the presidency 
could be slowed. 

Officials would not reveal exactly 
what was said in fee interviews except 
to say that it concerned phone calls 
made from 1994 to 1996. 

A statement from a Clinton auomey. 
David Kendall, and a Gore auomey. 
George Frampton. said that both men 
were “cooperating fully with this in- 
vestigation and voluntarily agreed when 
interviews were requested.” 

James Neal, another Gore attorney, 
told The Associated Press: "The FBI 
asked all fee questions they wanted to 
ask — every one — and fee vice pres- 
ident answered every one of them.” 

Attorney General Janet Reno has un- 


did not obtain as strong a resolution as 
some Western officials may have pre- 
ferred. the Iraqis have done consider- 
ably worse, reversing a diplomatic gain 
made three weeks ago and suffering a 
setback because of their efforts to 
tamper wife fee arms- inspection system 
established by fee council. 

On Oct. 23 fee council was seriously 
divided over the travel sanctions, wife 
China, Egypt. France. Kenya and Rus- 
sia abstaining from support of even a 
watered-down resolution postponing 
consideration of fee ban until April. The 
ban now takes effect immediately. 

Reflecting fee views of several smal- 
ler nations on the council, Costa Rica's 
representative, Fernando Berrocal Soto, 
said fee decision went beyond “leg- 
alisms.” The council had faced a fun- 
damental political challenge with im- 
plications for the future, he said. 

Iraq’s foreign minister, Mohammed 
Said Sahhaf, went on fee offensive 
against fee Uniied States at a news con- 
ference in Baghdad a few hours before 
the vote. 

He repeated fee Iraqi threats to expel 
American arms inspectors and shoot at 
American aircraft. He charged feat 


til Dec. 2 to decide whether to call for 
fee appointment of an independent 
counsel to investigate possible abuses. 

For now the Justice Department is 
limited to investigating whether either 
man illegally solicited contributions us- 
ing White House phones, an issue feat 
one political analyst. Thomas Mann of 
fee Brookings Institution, likened to “a 
parking violation.” 

This was not the first time that Mr. 
Clinton, while president, has been ques- 
tioned in connection wife a legal in- 
vestigation. investigators in fee White- 
water affair interviewed him before 
video cameras. 

Nor were fee interviews unexpected. 
Auomey General Reno had said feat she 

See FUNDS, Page 6 


See ALLIES, Page 6 See IRAQ, Page 6 


FBI Sees Clinton and Gore on Funding 

Both ‘Cooperating Fully’ Over Campaign Phone Calls, Their Lawyers Say 



Jhn Munr/Vhc fti — mini Ptm 


Sheep taking refuge on a patch of dry road near Fargo, 
North Dakota, last April alter the Red River overflowed. 


A Sweat Over Global War 


it 



By Joby Warrick 

Washington Past Sen-ice 

SANBORN. North Dakota — The latest 
projections call for 100 years of warming in 
this wind-whipped prairie town, a forecast 
feat goes down easy in a place where snow- 
drifts can half mail delivery for weeks at a 
time. If fee greenhouse effect means fewer 
frozen fingers and frozen cows, townsfolk 
here say bring it on. 

“Even a little warming would be nice.” 
said Karen Aus, the local postmaster, whose 
domain includes a grain mill, a few dozen 
clapboard houses and 270 souls. In fact, some 
government computers are predicting steadily 
milder temperatures feat could lengthen the 
growing season and very gradually bring new 
opportunities for formers in the frigid North- 
ern Plains. 

But fee same computers warn of other 
possible effects feat would be anything but 
mild. Towns like Sanborn could eventually 
see even bigger blizzards and worse floods, 
possibly separated by searing droughts, the 
projections show. 

Some townspeople say they believe they 
have already witnessed fee future after a year . 
that a record for snowfall — 112 inches (284 
centimeters) in Sanborn’s Barnes County — 
followed by catastrophic floods feat pul Red 
River Valley cities under water. 


“I'm convinced it’s global wanning but I 
don't know exactly what it's supposed to 
mean.” a retired farmer, Henrik Voldal, said 
of fee recent turns in the weather. “I just know 
it sure as hell has been strange.” 

The enormous range of possible outcomes, 
from modest boon in some spots to total 
disaster in others, is one reason global warm- 
ing continues to spark heated debates in San- 
born and other towns and cities around fee 
world. Despite major improvements in com- 
puter models, scientists cannot yet say how 
quickly the Earth will warm or how severe fee 
impacts in any given region would be. 

But overlying fee uncertainty is a broad 
scientific consensus on the fundamentals of 
fee warming forecast. Global warming is real, 
a large majority of scientists agree, and to 
assume fee effects will be mild or even be- 
neficial is a gamble, at best. On balance, a 
rapid change in fee Earth’s climate is likely to 
do far more harm than good, according to 
many of fee nation’s most prominent atmo- 
spheric scientists. 

“There's a better scientific consensus on 
this than on any issue I know, except maybe 
Newton’s second law of dynamics,” said 
James Baker, administrator of fee U.S. Na- 
tional Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminis- 
tration. “Man has reached the point where his 

See CLIMATE, Page 5 





INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


PAGE TWO 


‘No Shock Therapy Here’ / lukashenko's 'Village Dictatorship' 

Bad Old Days Live On in Belarus 


By Daniel Williams 

Washingwt Port Service 


M INSK, Belarus — 

nowhere in the former Soviet 
Union does the scent of the old 
U.S.SJU seem stronger than in 
this poor, struggling and somewhat con- 
fused East European country. 

Miss the nervous tension of cat-and- 
mouse games between political dissidents 
and KGB agents? Come to Minst, die 
capital, where opposition activists meet 
secretly to pass around underground tracts 
and videotapes. 

Only in Havana do leaders try to com- 
mand economic growth into existence? Tty 
President Alexander Lukashenko, who de- 
creed not long ago that everyone in Belarus 
work toward a 3 percent increase in in- 
dustrial production. 

Looking for government-run low-wage, 
low-production businesses? Dozens of fac- 
tories here are dependent on subsidies and 
make goods almost no one wants. 
Welcome to the time warp. 

The image of democracy and free mar- 
kets marching in lockstep is the political 
cliche of the' post-Co Id war 1990s. But 
some countries, including this one, appear 
not to be marching. 

Belarus is not the only former Soviet 
republic to practice strongman politics and 
retreat from liberal economics. Kazakh- 
stan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan all 
have turned back the clock to some extent 
in other parts of the vast stretch of ter- 
ritories that made up the Soviet Union. 

But Belarus, population 10 milling is 
out of step in this comer of Europe. All its 
neighbors have moved toward liberaliz- 
ation. In economics, Poland, Russia, 
Lithuania and Ukraine dived into the free 
market cold bath, and, despite hard times, 
none have returned to one-man or one- 
party rule reminiscent of Soviet times. 

But Human Rights Watch reported in 
August that Belarus has ‘‘reversed nearly 
all the advances in the field of human rights 
and rule of law" that marked the past 
decade. In particular, attacks on the press 
are widespread — from the beating of re- 
porters to the use of tax inspectors to harass 
publishers, the human-rights group said. 

B elarus's other claim to fame is its 
loose union with Russia in a pact 
signed last spring. Although stop- 
ping short of a formal merger, the 
pact obliterated the bolder between die two 
countries; air travelers do not pass through 
customs or immigration inspection when 
moving from Moscow to Minsk. And the 
agreement, limited as it is, also sealed Be- 
larus’s inclination to look to Moscow for 
economic support and political leadership. 

Liberals in Russia fret that because of the 
close relations, the Belarussian example 
might be contagious. But die problem is 
likely to be the other wayjiround: How will 
a small, undemocratic country with a rigid, 
government-centered economy prosper 
when big brother is developing in an en- 
tirely different direction? 




Apm>-» ftraw Plvw 


President Lukashenko’s country has ‘reversed nearly all the 
advances in the field of human rights and rule of taw.' 


The Lukashenko government argues that 
it is Russia that is heading down the wrong 
path. “We see Russia's problems every 
day on television. We are not going to 
follow its example," Nikolai Korbut, the 
finance minister, said in an interview. 

Such comments might seem like bluster 
elsewhere, but in Belarus they seem ap- 
propriate. The country harbors a deep re- 
serve of nostalgia for Soviet days, or at least 
for the economic stability of that era. 

Even people in private business say 



“Things were much better under Soviet 
rule," said Liubov Komash, a waitress. 
"Money was stable, you could count on 
tilings being die same from day to day. Not 
like now, where money disappears and 
there are no jobs." 

In Minsk, the climate is as Soviet as the 
sky is gray. The government-run Belarus 
Hotel has security guards checking iden- 
tification at the entrance, waiters who 
spend more time watching television than 
serving patrons and discos where handfuls 


of patrons dance a two-step to whatever 
music is playing. 

A physician who arrives to treat a for- 
eigner's case of dysentery has no medi- 
cines. He tries to take the patient's blood 
pressure, but the pressure gauge breaks. In 
hopes of performing some service, die doc- 
tor pulls out an electrocardiogram machine. 
It sputters and records that the patient has 
no heartbeat, much to the chagrin of the 
increasingly agitated foreigner who refuses 
further treatment: an offer to inject him 
with caffeine. 


T! 


| HE Cold War impression is 
softened somewhat by the pres- 
ence of McDonald's restaurants, a 
Benetton boutique, a Ford motor 
plant and a few other capitalist transplants. 
But by all accounts, foreign mvestmeiji.ls 
stymied by Uncertainty over the direction of 
die economy and politics. Last year, for- 
eign investment totaled $58 million, com- 
pared with more than $2 billion in neigh- 
boring Poland. The World Bank ranks 
Belarus 1 15th of 135 countries on the basis 
of business attraction. 


Recently, the government adopted a 
policy against the privatization of a half- 
dozen industries, including tractor, optics 
and metalworks plants, that account for 
more than half the country's industrial pro- 
duction. It also decided to print money to 
cover budget deficits, rather than cutting 
expenditures. 

"There will be no shock therapy here," 
said Edouard Eiden, a private consultant 
who helped devise the economic program. 
"Our people are not ready to have a small 
class of rich people and wait for this class to 
make others rich," he continued. “We 
don’t, for instance, consider inflation a 
crime. We print money because it is ri- 
diculous to make reforms at the expense of 
paying salaries. 1 ’ 

This approach also applies to politics, he 
contended, although he seemed unhappy to 
take up the subject After mumbling 
something about the room possibly being 
bugged, he said, “Let's give the people 
something to eat and then we'll talk about 
democracy.*' 

Mr. Korbut, the finance minister, echoed 
the sentiment He argued that there was no 
opposition in Belarus, only “informal 
groups" — the phrase dates lo Soviet times 
— who criticize Belarus abroad. 

“We have real strong authority and pub- 
lic support/ ’ he insisted. 

“Freedom is a conscious necessity" — 
he was quoting Marx — "And everyone 
estimates freedom as he understands it" 

This is the platform of Mr. Lukasbenko, 
42, who won the 1994 presidential election 
with a pledge to clean up government He 
soon gained notoriety by praising Hitler for 
building a “mighty Germany" and sug- 
gesting that he would exercise presidential 
power the same way. 

Mr. Lukashenko justifies crackdowns on 
the press on the grounds that Belarus is 
surrounded by “a circle of enemies." 

A year ago, he dissolved the Parliament 
and arranged a referendum on a consti- 
tution giving him sweeping powers. Of- 
ficially, 95 percent of Belarussians voted 
yes. Opponents cried fraud. 

Last spring, Mr. Lukashenko closed the 
Soros Foundation, which funded demo- 
cratic, health and educational institutions, 
seizing its $3 million bank deposits. 

Opponents see Belarus sinking .into a 
lohg-term.djctatorshipu They dispute only ’ 
how .strict the rule will be. 

4 ‘He won’t kill people, "said Peter Mart- 
sis, a business magazine editor. “This 
country is too small. This will be a village 
dictatorship, where everyone will know 
who is in charge.” 


Joy and Violence 
At Rachel’s Tomb 

Boy Shot Near West Bank Shrine 


t 


f 


•f-'r- 

4::r"v 


By Joel Greenberg 

New York Tuna Service 


BETHLEHEM — Ali 
Jawarish, 9, lay very still on a 
street here, blood and brain 
tissue oozing from a hole in 
his forehead where be had 

been shot ar close range by an . - • _ 

Israeli soldier firing on flee- during the period of the Ot 

toman Empire and renovate*} 
in the 19th century by Sir 


filled arches covers thb 
shrine, providing a 
tected prayer space but hi 
the familiar domed tomb 
whose picture has decorated 
Jewish homes around the 
world. 

That building, in the style 
of Muslim tombs, was built 




ing young stone-throwers. 

For long minutes a man 
stood alone over the critically 
wounded boy, gesturing 
wildly for a car, before the 
unconscious - victim was 
loaded into die back seat of a 
vehicle and rushed to a hos- 
pital. 

As other boys scattered in 
fear, an enraged teenager 
picked up a rock and dared 
soldiers crouched behind a 
wall to come cut and fight. 
They aime d their guns, but 
did not fire again. 

The boy was unconscious 
and in critical condition Wed- 
nesday, his doctors, quoted 


Moses Moutefiore, a Jewish 
p hilanthr opist, for worship by 
jews as well as Muslims, who 
also consider the tomb a holy- 
place. 

Asserting that the tomb 
con tains a mosque from 
which Muslims are excluded 
by Israel, Hassan Tahboub, 
the Palestinian Authority's 
minis ter of religious affairs, 
contended Tuesday that the 
construction violated the Is- 
raeJi-Palestinian self-rule a a- 
cord of 1995. The agreement 
stipulates that while Israel 
ill be in charge of security a i 


< 


by The Associated Press, the tfcmb, the “present situ-: 


said. Dr. Mathair Dairwah, a 
surgeon at Ramallah Hospit- 
al, said the boy was in in- 
tensive care Wednesday, had 
not regained consciousness 
and was to be transferred later 
in the day to Hadassah Hos- 
pital in Jerusalem. 

The wounding of the boy, 
apparently by a rubber-coated 
metal bullet, ended a tire- 
burning protest set off by the 
main event up die road — the 
grand opening of a new for- 
tified complex encasing 
Rachel’s Tomb, a Jewish 
shrine in an Israeli-controlled 
salient that juts into this Pal- 
estinian-ruled town. 

The festivities Tuesday, at- 
tended by hundreds of strictly 
Orthodox Jews, Defense 
Minister Yitzhak Mordechai 
and Israel's two chief rabbis, 
were a celebration of Israel’s 
continued control of the an- 
cient shrine venerated by 
Jews for generations. But the 
bloodshed within earshot of 
the music, and the police and 
troops rin g in g the site were a 
reminder that the place of 
prayer remains a flash point 
of tension. 

Rachel's Tomb, the tradi- 
tional burial place of the' wife 


/ 


ation” there will be main- \ 
tained. 

“The tomb is an Islamie * 
trust, and Israel is violating 
the Oslo accords, freedom of i 
worship and the protection of I 
die holy places," the Pales- 1 
rinian minister said. “They- \ 

are creating facts on the ; 

ground id disregard of other 
people’s feelings." 

But Yisrael Merir Lau, the 
Ashkenazic chief rabbi of Is- 
rael, rejected the criticism. 

“Is someone destroying or 
selling off the tomb?" he 
asked. “We are simply pre- 
serving our right to pray at the 
tomb of our mother Rachels 
without violating the rights of 
anyone else. The question that 
should be asked is why the 
Muslims build on sites that 
are holy to another people."’- 

For the hundreds who 
packed the tomb in fervent 
prayer Tuesday to mark the 
traditional anniversary of 
Rachel's death, die religious 
and territorial disputes swirfe 
mg around the shrine were c2j 
little relevance. 

Women in kerchiefs and" 
long dresses and men in black 
coats and hats lighted me- 
morial candles and swayed 


r 


of. the biblical: patriarch Jac- over prayer- books- in separate; 
ob, has been the target of vi- prayer sections. Followers of< 
olent Palestinian protests. for-, a Hasidic sect hawked reli-i 
more than. a. year as peace gious books and danced to; 


Faulty Lira Coin to Be Redrawn 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Reuters 

MILAN — Italy said Wed- 
nesday that it would mint an- 
other version of a new 1,000 
lire (60-cenr) coin after learn- 
ing that die original featured a 
European map showing a di- 
vided Germany. 

Arturo Arcellaschi, owner 
of a stamp and coin collect- 
ors' shop, discovered the er- 
ror shortly after the coin went 
into circulation Monday. Ger- 


many was reunited in 1990. 

The treasury minister, 
Carlo Azeglio CiampL said: 
“We realize there has been a 
mistake. A new coin will be 
brought into circulation with- 
in days." 

He did not say whether 
Rome planned to withdraw the 
new coins from circulation — 
a move that Mr. Arcellaschi 
said would increase their 
value as a collector’s item. 


Leipzig Rail Station Is Reopened £10 ° " d a two ' year mulliple visa£150 



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LEIPZIG, Germany (Reuters) — The Leipzig railway sta- 
tion, Europe's largest rail terminal, reopened Wednesday after 
a two-year renovation that included the creation of a 140-store 
shopping mall. Chancellor Helmut Kohl hailed the reopening of 
the 1915 station as a symbol of East German revival, saying the 
station was once again “a visiting card for the railroad." 

All of the stores in the three-story. 30,000- square-meter 
mall have been leased. They will be able to stay open until 1 0 
P.M., while others must close at 8 P.M. 

Air France Sees Little Strike Impact 

PARIS (Reuters) — A call by an Air France pilots' union 
for a two-day strike beginning Thursday is expected to have 
little impact on the airline’s operations, airport officials said. 

They said 14 percent of pilots were expected to strike, 
resulting in cancellation of about 30 of the airline's several 
hundred daily flights. Air France planned to fly larger aircraft 
on routes where flights might be canceled, so that all pas- 
sengers could be accommodated, the officials said. 

Britons Will Need Visas for Kenya 

NAIROBI (Reuters) — Kenya will require all British pass- 
port holders to have entry visas starting Saturday, a spokes- 
woman for the British High Commission said Wednesday. 

Britain started charging Kenyans for visas in 1 996. Visas will 
be available at Kenyan missions or at the port of entry. A single- 
entry visa will cost £40, a multiple-entry visa valid for one year 


A 50-year-old New York City limousine driver was 
arrested Tuesday and charged with trying to extort mooey 
from three tourists after locking them in his vehicle. (NYT) 


efforts have faltered. 

To protect Jewish wor- 
ms at the tomb, the Israeli 
tense Ministry commis- 
sioned an architect to enclose 
the centuries-old structure in 
a fortified complex of sione- 
faced concrete topped by 
guard towers. The $2 million 
project, overseen by the Re- 
ligious Affairs Ministry, took 
a year and a half to com- 
plete. 

Now a solid wall of stone 


religions music blaring from* 
loudspeakers. Beggars asked | 
for charity. ‘ 

“For 2,000 years we havei 
yearned to come to Rachel's! 

Tomb to pour out our pray-; 
ere," Mr. Mordechai told the! 
crowd. "For years we could! 
only look at it from afar. We- 
have returned to Rachel’s! 

Tomb. We have come to rhisj 
i- place, and we will never Ieavei , , , 
it, until the coming of the Re-! Jfaf A 
- deeraer." 


( 


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Forecast tor Friday through Sunday, as provided by AccuWeather. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


PACE 3 


THE AMERICAS 


]J Trade Bill’s Fate Underlines Labor’s Muscle 


1 By Jill Abramson 
\i . and Steven Greenhouse 

New York Times Senice 

WASHINGTON — The 
stinging blow to President 

Bill Clinton’s trade policy de- 
livered by House Democrats 
comes at a time when labor’s 
*./ Hand has been growing 

• stronger within the Demo- 
cratic Party. 

Labor's victory also re- 
flects a shift in the party’s 
financial center of gravity. 

‘ Union money is once again 
predominant, especially for 
•: House Democrats, whose fi- 
nancial support from the busi- 
. ness community began dry- 
ing up after Republicans won 
control of Congress in the 
l 1994 election. By 1996, 
labor’s political action corrih 
■\ mittee contributions jumped 
rp 48 percent of ah such dona- 
tions to House Democrats, up 
from 33 percent in 1992. 

' ■ ■ To be sure, labor's money 

was not the only reason why 
so many Democrats joined 
the labor-led mutiny to defeat 
. the president’s efforts to ex- 
- pand his power to negotiate 
' - free -trade agreements. 

• . known as “fast track.” Many 
Democrats had deep concerns 
about the effects of the North 
' American Free Trade Agree- 
mem passed in 1 993 and wor- 
ries about environmental and 
labor standards. 

Labor also organized 
. early and waged a skillful 
campaign, led by the AFL- 
CIO, targeted at Democrats 
and Republican House 
members in districts with 
heavy labor constituencies. 
Labor activists were joined 
. by a coalition of civil rights 
organizations and environ- 
. mental groups. 

The AFL-CIO went on the 

* air in 20 key congressional 
' districts with advertisements 

opposing fast track in mid- 
September and had spent $1.5 
million to $2 million through 
the end of last week, accord- 
ing to Denise Mitchell, an 
} AFI>CIO spokeswoman. 

It was labor’s biggest 
showdown with the White 


The Cost of ‘Fast-Track’ Setback 

Executives in US. Say Trade BUI Defeat Will Hurt Economy 

By Richard W. Stevenson (BaieiiffligerMsfiiJmEiropeao and Asian 

New Yurt Tima Service competitors who are making rnroads mto 

fast-growmg markets in Central and South 

WASHINGTON — The inability of America while the United States is effec- 
Con grass and the Clinton administration to lively precluded from negotiating market- 
pass a measure granting the president broad opening deals in those regions, 
authority to negotiate trade deals could cost Eventually, they said, die same thing 

companies and the economy dearly in the would happen in other parts of the world, 
long run, according to the managers of As a result, U.S. companies would in- 
many American businesses. creasing iy shift production from the United 

The outcome, which organized labor Stales to those regions in order to escape 
hailed as a victory for its demands that tariffs and other trade barriers, causing an 
trading partners be required to improve acceleration of a decades-old trend that has 
workers’ rights and environmental scan- seen manufacturing jobs migrate to other 
dards in return for access to the U.S. market, nations. 

came as a shock to some executives. They While many executives said they blamed 

said Tuesday that they assumed that the organized labor for dooming the trade mea- 
combinadon of a Republican majority in sure, some of them also faulted the business 
Congress and an administration that is community for not doing a better job of 
strongly pro-free trade would be sufficient making its case to members of Congress, 
to insure the passage of the measure, which Whatever benefits so-called fast-track 

was withdrawn in the House early Monday negotiating authority might bring to the 
when it became clear it would be defeated economy and workers, the executives said, 
“Tt seems to me common sense to give members of Congress heard about them 
the president that power because we’re primarily from lobbyists and senior busi- 
missing huge opportunities to do trade deals ness executives, not from workers and other 
and create jobs in this country.” said Mi- voters in their districts, 
chad Starnes, the chairman and chief ex- Some business executives said tbe trade 
ecutrve of M. S. Carriers Inc. of Memphis, battle had already led them to rethink their 
Tennessee, a tracking company. strategies for promoting their agenda in 

“Tbe ramifications for the economy Washington. Among other steps, they said, 
could be serious,” he said “I’m concerned they would do more to sell their own work- 
that we’ll end up exporting jobs rather than ers on the benefits of trade and encourage 
products.” employees to make their opinions known to 

Many executives said the most imxne- their members of Congress. 


House since unions lost their 
battle in 1993 over NAFTA. 

“We saw this as a battle for 
the soul of the country,” Ms. 
Mitchell said 

After a decade in which 
many Democrats, including 
Mr. Clinton, refashioned 
themselves as “New Demo- 
crats,” labor's victory com- 
plicates the efforts of some 
Democrats to be more busi- 
ness-friendly. Many joined 
groups like the Democratic 
Leadership Council, which 
receives funding from some 
of the corporations that sup- 
ported fast track. The council 
spent $200,000 on television 
advertisements supporting 


Mr. Clinton's trade policies. 

The fight unfolded at a 
precarious time for Demo- 
crats. With the Democratic 
Party $15 million in the red, 
it is not all that surprising 
that many Democratic law- 
makers chose to stand with 
organized labor rather than 
with the president "because 
they are mindful that unions 
have become the largest 
donors to Democratic con- 
gressional campaigns. 

“The Democratic Party is 
bankrupt, everyone knows 
that, and the only money 
these guys can get is from the 
unions,” said Thomas Dono- 
hue, president of the U.S. 


Chamber of Commerce. 

For John Sweeney, the 
fast-track fight was his big- 
gest triumph by far since he 
took the AFL-CIO’s helm 
two years ago on a platform of 
reviving union power both in 
Washington and at the bar- 
gaining table. The victory 
was especially sweet for Mr. 
Sweeney after he lost a huge 
political battle last November 
— the AFL-CIO’s $35 mil- 
lion campaign to help Demo- 
crats regain control of Con- 
gress. 

“This is really a big win," 
Mr. Sweeney said “We can’t 
lose sight of what it was all 
about in terms of tbe eco- 


POLITICAL 


Muzzling the Whistle-Blowers 

WASHINGTON — A House-Senate conference com- 
mittee dropped a provision from the $27 billion fiscal 1998 
intelligence authorization bill that would have allowed 
employees of the CIA and other agencies to disclose clas- 
" sifled information related to violations of law or other 
' wrongdoing to members of Congress without the approval 
Of their bosses. 

The whistle-blowers provision was opposed by the ad- 
• ministration, which said it would violate the president's 
authority to determine what classified information exec- 
” utive branch employees can disclose to Congress. 

Supporters ot the conference bill, which passed the 
Senate last Thursday and the House the next day, said they 
’ agreed with the White House position that the president bad 
the authority to protect national security information. But 
they said that hearings on tbe matter would beheld next year 
' to come up with “appropriate legislative solutions" to 
preserve elements of the whistle-blower provision. (WP) 

Senator X Strikes Again 

- WASHINGTON — After the Senate voted last month to 

- require public disclosure when senators put “holds” on 
bills or nominations, it seemed too easy to be reaL It was. 


By the time the Senate voted late Sunday on the final 
version of the legislation to which the proposal had been 
attached, the disclosure requirement was missing in action, 
stripped from the bill by unseen hands in the frenzied 
struggle to wind up work and adjourn for the year. 

Or, as Senator Ron Wyden, Democrat of Oregon, one of 
its chief sponsors, put it, the proposal to end secrecy on 
holds — and shine some light in (me of the Senate’s darkest 
owners — was killed in secrecy, just as many lawmakers 
suspected would happen. 

Senator Wyden made a final attempt Sunday Co revive his 
initiative but was blocked by Senator Ted Stevens, chair- 
man of die Appropriations Committee, who said he sym- 
pathized with his goal but suggested that Senator Wyden 
find other ways of accomplishing it. “Hide-and-seek law- 
making,’' Senator Wyden calls it. ( WP) 

Quote / Unquote 

Representative William Pascrell Jr„ a first-term Democrat 
from New Jersey, on Representative Richard Gephardt’s 
successful opposition to “fast-track” legislation backed by 


from New Jersey, on Representative Richard Gephardt’s 
successful opposition to “fast-track” legislation backed by 
Vice President AI Gore: “Dick Gephardt's stock has risen 
tremendously. Gore came into my distri a to campaign for me, 
but having seal how the administration operated on this issue, 
I have some serious questions. Gephardt is a bridge- builder, 
Gore is caught up in 2 1st -century macroeconomics.” (NYT) 


nonjic vulnerability that so 
many people are experienc- 
ing with this recovering econ- 
omy. That’s where the White 
House missed tbe boat. Or- 

track^They worry°§!at^liiie 
the economy is booming most 
of the rewards are passing 
them by." 

Republican House leaders, 
who supported Mr. Clinton's 
position on fast track, were 
quick to explain their defeat 
by citing the clout of union 
money. 

Before the Democrats lost 
control of the Congress, busi- 
ness political action commit- 
tees were stuffing campaigns 
with money, $25.2 million in 
1993-94. But in 1996, they 
gave only S16.7 million to 
House Democrats, while 
labor political action commit- 
tees stepped up their giving, 
from S31.8 million in 1994 to 
$36.8 million in 1996. 

“Money follows power,” 
said Larry Makinson, deputy 
director of the Center for Re- 
sponsive Politics. “When all 
that business money was 
coming in. Democrats were 
happy to be part of the coun- 
try club set. Now they’ve 
come home to labor. 

“With fast track, the 
Democrats were reminding 
themselves where they came 
from since their new suitor 
walked out of the door with 
the Republicans.” 

Besides its debt, the Demo- 
cratic Party was defeated and 
badly outspent by the Repub- 
licans in important contests in 
Virginia, New York and New 
Jersey earlier this month. Al- 
though the Democratic Con- 
gressional Campaign Com- 
mittee is having a successful 
year (having raised more than 
$10 million). Democratic 
candidates are nervous about 
their party's ability to fully 
finance House contests next 
year in the mid-term elec- 
tions. 

Some of the Democrats' 
business “soft money 
donors,” tbe wealthy indi- 
viduals and corporations 
whose donations fall outside 
the federal election laws, 
have been scared off by the 
campaign finance imhroglio. 
Unions, however, have con- 
tinued to give generous soft- 
money donations to the 
Democrats. 


0m 



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n.r: 

< . i •* » ■* 










t I.-.. 

SALUTE — Vietnam vets paving respects at women’s memorial in Washington. 


AMERICAN 

TOPICS 

Hospital Mergers Worry 
Family-Pl anning Advocates 

Across the country, a grow ing number of 
hospitals and other health-care institutions, 
facing financial pressures, arc joining 
forces with Roman Catholic organizations. 
The trend has raised deep concerns among 
family-planning advocates, because the 
non -Catholic organizations have had to 
stop offering contraceptive counseling, 
abortions, tubal ligations and vasectomies. 

From 1990 to'1995. there were 57 of 
these mergers or alliances with Catholic 
hospitals, repons The New York Times. 
Last year, there were 29. a sharp increase. 

In one such case last year in New York. 
Northern Dutchess Hospital and Kingston 
Medical Center merged, then the two 
formed an alliance with Benedictine Hos- 
pital. a Catholic competitor. "We arc do- 
ing this for the survival of all three hos- 
pitals.' said Anthony Marmo. chief 
executive of Kingston Hospital. “It makes 
business sense.” 

But with the Catholic Church already 
the largest nonprofit health-care provider 
in the country — it accounts for one in six 
of all hospital admissions — family-plan- 
ning advocates and women's groups fear 
women's options will shrink. "We're talk- 
ing about everyday reproductive care. like 
contraception." said JoAnn Smith, exec- 
utive director of Family Planning Advo- 


cates of New- York State. "We're talking 
about adequate HIV and AIDS counseling. 
We're talking about the morning-after pill 
for rape victims." 

The Catholic health-care organizations, 
for iheir part, make no apologies. "Our 
beliefs arc our beliefs," said Thomas Dee. 
chief executive officer of Hcnedictine. 
"Hospitals may choose not to join tth us 
as a result, but our Ix-hef system is firm" 

Short Takes 

After five j ears of meetings between 
National Park Sen ice employees and rep- 
resentatives of 24 Indian tribes around 
Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado, the 
park is amending its tourist publications to 
reflect a better understanding of tribal tra- 
ditions and beliefs. One term being struck is 
"Anasazi." which in Navajo means "an- 
cestral enemies" but which other tnbe>. 
descended from those "enemies." say is 
offensive. It w ill he replaced by "ancestral 
Puebloans." The ancestral Pueb loans, in 
turn, will no longer be eaiied an “ancient" 
people because, uibal representatives poin- 
ted out. their structures might have been 
ancient but the people were not. The term 
"early” people is preferred. 

Interest in the nation's wars always 
flares briefly around Veterans* Day. 
which was Tuesday, but increasing interest 
in the Vietnam War is being shown year- 
round. Last year. 35 1 college faculty mem 
bers were teaching courses on the Vietnam 
era. nearly twice the 157 who were doing 
so in 1986. The number of books with 
Vietnam in their titles reached 140 last 
year, up from 28 in 1980. 

Brian Knowlion 


& a 






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-.vtfltoT jwgaSSB 

' t .r m sSSgst 

K£ - i 




* *• 

i i W0L , / 


Away From 
Politics 

« Lawyers began sorting 
I through a huge pool of 600 

- prospective jurors, seeking 12 

for the trial of the Unabomber 
suspect, Theodore Kaczyn- 
ski, in Sacramento, Califor- 
nia, in a process that could 
take a month. (AP) 

• A drug that lowers blood 
, cholesterol levels — Pra- 

vachol. sold by Bristol-Myers 
Squibb — reduced deaths 
among people who had 
suffered heart attacks or chest 
pains by 23 percent, research- 
ers in Florida said. f Reuters) 

• Sixty -four people, most in 
wheelchairs, were arrested 
after chaining themselves to a 
White House fence to back 
calls for home health care, the 
U.S. Park Police said. (AP) 




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PAGE 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


a > ”?.■ 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


Li Tells Japan 
To Steer Clear 
Of Quarrel 
Oyer Taiwan 

Reuters 

TOKYO — China’s prime minister, 
U Pang, told Japanese parliamenta rians 
Wednesday tear Tokyo should stay out 
of potential quarrels between China and 
Taiwan. 

But Mr. Li’s stern advice on Taiwan 
was the only rough spot in a visit by the 
prime minister that is shaping up as one 
of the most cordial China- Japan meet- 
ings of recent limes. 

On the second day of a six-day visit, 
Mr. Li also met Emperor Akihito and 
Empress Michflco and held talks with 
the leaders of Japan's political parties. 

Mr. Li delivered nis warning on 
- Taiwan in a meeting with Takako Doi, 
head of Japan's Social Democratic 
Party. Party officials said Mr. Li raised 
the issue of Taiwan in a discussion 
about new guidelines for U.S.-Japanese 
military cooperation, which have irrit- 
ated China because they do not specify a 
geographical limit to military opera- 
tions. m the past, operations were con- 
fined to direct threats to Japan. 

“I did not receive a firm verbal com- 
mitment from Prime Minister Hashi- 
moto that Taiwan was out of the pic- 
ture” in the defense pact, the officials 
quoted Mr. Li as saying. 

China says the new agreement gives 
Japan the leeway to interfere in conflicts 
between C hina and Taiwan across the 
Taiwan Strait. China considers Taiwan 
a breakaway province. 

Mr. Doi did not directly reply to Mr. 
Li’s comment about Taiwan. 

“The peace and stability of Asia de- 
pend on stability on the Korean pen- 
insula,” the officials- quoted Mr. Doi as 
telling the Chinese prime minister. 

Mr. Doi’s Social Democrats are in a 
loose allian ce in Parliament with Mr. 
Hashimoto's ruling Liberal Democratic 
Party. 





•+*••• . . ... .. :’■■■'■ 





Hmni laort/AgnK* Fnarr-FVra* 

Jacques Chirac and Tran Due Luong on Wednesday in Hanoi, where the French leader discussed human rights. 

Chirac , in Hanoi, Urges Reforms 


Agenee France-Presse 

HANOI — French leaders urged die 
Communist government of Vietnam on 
Wednesday to push forward with eco- 
nomic reforms and to release about 40 
political prisoners. The two countries 
also agreed on business deals worth more 
than $700 million, and the contracts were 
signed during the first day of a state visit 
by President Jacques Chirac. 


Cabinet in Malaysia 
Blasts U.S. Resolution 


Rearers 

KUALA LUMPUR — Prime Min- 
ister Mahathir bin Mohamad’s cabinet 
on Wednesday condemned a reso- 
lution in die U.S. Congress that urges 
him either to apologize for remarks he 
allegedly matte about Jews or to quit. 

Deputy Prime Minister Anwar 
Ibrahmv said Mr. Mahathir’s cabinet 
strongly" objected to the resolution, 
introduced last month in the U.S. 
House of Representatives. 

The resolution, introduced by three 
legislators, calls on Mr. Mahathir 4 ‘to 
apologize and acknowledge the de- 
structive and divisive nature of his 
words, or as an alternative, resign as 
the prime minister of Malaysia." 

Mr. Mahathir drew criticism from 
Jewish groups and die United States 
in October, in the wake of East Asia's 
currency crisis, after he was quoted as 
saying the government suspected that 
Jewish groups had an agenda to block 
the progress of Muslims around the 
world. Mr. Mahathir later said he had 
been misinterpreted. 

‘‘While we appreciate the fact that 
countries, individuals or groups re- 
serve the right to make comments, 
even criticism, the cabinet feels the 
tone of the resolution and of the letter 
has exceeded the norms of diplomatic 


engagement and transgress what we 
would call polite dissent,” Mr. An- 
war said. 

‘‘We therefore regret the draft res- 
olution and the letter seat to the prime 
minister, and object very strongly to 
the contents,” he said, referring to' a 
letter sighed by 34 congressmen and 
sent to Mr. Mahathir on Oct 27. 

U.S. officials said no congressional " 
committee had yet taken up the non- 
binding resolution, which also calls 
on the United States and Malaysia to 
strengthen bilateral cooperation. 

Mr. Anwar said he would introduce * 
a motion of confidence in Parliament - 
supporting Mr. Mahathir. 71, whose 
leadership has been tested by the re- 
gional economic crisis that has dragged 
down stock prices and the currency. 

“I would like to reiterate our total 
confidence and support in die lead- 
ership of our prime minister,' ’ Mr. 
Anwar said, speaking after a weekly 
cabinet meeting. 

Mr. Mahathir said on Tuesday his 
position was secure. 

“If there is anyone here from Time 
and Newsweek, please convey to 
them that I ara more firmly in my seat 
as a result of their suggestion forme to 
step down.” he said, referring to re- 
cent articles in the U.S. magazines. 


Mr. Chirac met with the top three 
leaders of the country as well as leading 
French and Vietnamese executives. 

Mr. Chirac discussed human rights 
with the newly elected president, Tran 
Due Luong. At Mr. Chirac's request. 
Foreign Minister Hubert Vedrine 
handed a list of some 40 political pris- 
oners to his Vietnamese counterpart, 
Nguyen Manh Cam. 

France is seeking “clemency” for 
the prisoners, French officials said, and 
among the names was that of the writer 
and journalist Doan Viet Hoan, a sym- 
bol of dissidence here after being sen- 
tenced to IS years in prison in 1993. 

Mr. Chirac paid tribute to the efforts to 
open up the Vietnamese economy since 
the start of economic reforms 10 years 
ago. pledging France's support for con- 
tinuing progress and hailing Vietnam as 
France’s “natural gateway to Asia.” 

But addressing a lunch of executives 
from both countries, he acknowledged 
the frustrations experienced by many 


foreign investors here who find them- 
selves lost in red tape. 

He said he had urged Vietnamese lead- 
ers “to simplify the working conditions 
for companies that want to set up here.” 


In talks with President Tran Due 
Luong, Mr. Chirac said he had stressed 
“the importance of a clear, stable legal 
framework and simpler, swifter pro- 
cedures.” 

He raised the issue again during an 
hour of discussions with the head of the 
Communist Party. Do Muoi, a spokes- 
man for the French presidency said. 

Mr. Muoi acknowledged that French 
industrialists had repeatedly called for 
greater flexibility in the administration 
and a strengthening of the banking sys- 
tem, the spokesman said, adding that the 
general secretary had stressed Hanoi’s 
intention to “remedy” these problems. 

France is the top European exporter 
to and investor in its former colony, and 
two-way trade totaled about $950 mil- 
lion last year. 


U.S. Typhoon Aid 
Arrives in Vietnam 

HANOI — A UjS. Air Force trans- 
port plane landed Wednesday in 
southern Vietnam with more than 
$460,000 in food, medicine and other 
aid for typhoon victims. 

The emergency supplies are pan of 
the first major U.S. donation to its 
former enemy since the 1975 fall of 
Saigon, renamed Ho Chi Minh City 
after the communists captured the 
former capital of South Vietnam. 

The U.S. C-141 landed in Ho Chi 
Minh City after a flight from a U-S. 
military base in Okinawa. 

Tens of thousands of families are 
still homeless after the typhoon des- 
ignated i inds slammed into the 
provinces of Ca Man and Kien Giang 
this month: {AP) 

UN Ponders Policy 
On Women in Kabul 

KABUL — The- United Nations’ 
special adviser on gender arrived' in 
Kabul on Wednesday to advise UN 
agencies on how to reconcile a com- 
mitment to equality with die strict 
Islamic policy on women followed by 
the Taleban militia. . 

Assistant Secretary-General Janet 
King said the world body was com- 
mitted to women's rights, but UN 
agencies in Afghanistan had found it 
hard to apply such principles became 
of the Taieban’s stance. 

“The agencies have not found it 
very easy to interpret exactly how 
they could implement the principles 
from a gender point of view,” Ms. 
King said. *‘I am here to assist agen- 
cies to give practical implementation 
to these principles." ( Reuters ) 


23,” Sar Kheng told reporters at the ^ 
National Assembly. (Reuters)^ 

East Timorese Mark -- . 
Slaying of Protesters i 

JAKARTA — Hundreds of East., ; 
Timorese prayed outside the 
versify in me capital, Dili, on Wed^/j j 
nesday to mark the anniversary of the-^ ; 
1991 killings of at least 50. ctembn-^ j 
strators in tee territory. - 

Residents and police said there '« t 
were no reports of trouble apart fromn; 3 
a brief scuffle with the police. lr q 

Indonesian troops killed 50 dem-r* t 
onstrators on Nov. 12, 1991. follow -.- , 
mg a funeral for an anti-Indonesian. r : 
activists in Dili, according to an of"-; r 
flcial report. (Reuters),,: 

Taiwan Adds Death 
To Anti- Gun Penalty 

TAIPEI — Parliament has ap — * t 
proved the death penalty for gun- * - 
toting criminals, toughening already 
strict gun laws in the face of a public 
outcry over violent crime. 

Under a bill passed late Tuesday, 
death sentences could be ordered for - - 
people convicted of possessing guns: 
or other weapons with an intent to^ • 
commit a crime. 

The action came as die ruling Na-j ; 
tionaiist Party was campaigning hard * 
to win in mayoral and county elec- 1 , : 
tions scheduled for Nov. 29. The gov- yf 
emmenr lost key races to the op-> * * 
position in the last such elections, four,,: j 
years ago. (AP)[ 

r ’ y 

Pakistani Leader * 
Summoned to Court i 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — The. j 1 


/v * j# j-r , j lSLAMAUAU, K amscan — in». : 

LiOmuOdia Unready Supreme Court on Wednesday for-: 
wp 1 y j.j q, . mally summoned Prime Minis ter -I 

JTOr Vote, Aide jays Nawaz Sharif to appear and explain > 


PHNOM PENH — Cambodia may 
have to postpone a general election 


planned for May as it runs out of time 
for preparations, a senior government 
official said Wednesday. 

The co-interior minister, Sar 
Kheng, who is overseeing arrange- 
ments for tee election, said the gov- 
ernment needed eight months to com- 
plete preparations for tee votes, 
Cambodians first since a UN-iun elec- 
tion in 1993. 

4 ‘I am very concerned that the elec- 
tion will not be held on time on May 


Nawaz Sharif to appear and explain!' 
his position in a contempt of court * 
suit, the latest twist in a government- 1 
judiciary dispute. 1 

Mr. Sharif and 11 other respond-^ 
ents, including eight members of Par-** 
liament, three newspapers and tee state/* 
television network, have been accused ! 
of bringing the court into disrepute. 

The official APP. news agency 
quoted court sources as saying the 
court bad tee power to exempt Mr.-i 
Sharif from appearing personally next-. 
Monday but did not say if he or any : 
other defendant would be allowed to! 
stay away. ( Reuters p. 


Court Halves Damages Awarded Singapore’s Leader^, 


Reuters 

SINGAPORE — Singapore’s Ap- 
peals Court on Wednesday cut by al- 
most half the damages awarded to the 
conntty’s leaders for libel by an op- 
position politician. 

In a 77-page judgment, the court re- 
duced the awards to 4.53 million Singa- 
pore dollars ($2.89 million) from 8.08 
million dollars, which was the largest 
sum ever given in a Singapore def- 
amation case. 

Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong and 
10 of his colleagues sued Tang Liang 
Hong, the opposition figure, after Mr. 
Tang filed police reports against them. 
In the reports, Mr. Tang accused them of 
lying when they called him an “anti- 
Christian Chinese chauvinist” during 
the campaign for elections on Jan. 2. 

The court ruled Wednesday that the 
totality of the awards “has become over- 
blown and is hugely disproportionate to 


the aggregate harm and injury caused.” 

Mr. Tang was an unsuccessful can- 
didate for the Workers’ Party in tee 
election. 

Mr. Goh and other members of tee 
ruling People’s Action Party accused 
Mr. Tang of threatening tee harmony of 
multiracial Singapore, which has a ma- 
jority ethnic Chinese population but sig- 
nificant minorities of Malays and In- 
dians. 


The Appeals Court rejected an ar- 
gument by Mr. Tang’s British lawyer, 
Charles Gray, that the suits were “thor- 
oughly political in their complexion.” 

But the court ruled teat tee awards 
against Mr. Tang were “highly excess- 
ive” and involved “double or multiple 
countings” given tee large numbers of 
suits and plaintiffs involved in the tri- 
al. 

The People’s Actum Party won 8 1 of 


INTERNATIONAL 


83 parliamentary seats at the election, - 
Mr. Tang fled Singapore, saying he*, 
feared for his life. He has not returned* 
and was unrepresented for parts of thg.-4 
case. 

Comments Mr. Tang made before., 
and after the election were also element^ 
in tee court case. The total of 4 . 5&1 
million dollars includes 900.000 dollar^ 
already paid by publishers of some o£n 
the libels. 


Kenya Announces Elections for Dec. 2® 


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By James McKinley Jr. 

New Tori Times Sen ice 

NAIROBI — Ending 
months of speculation, tee 
Kenyan electoral commis- 
sion announced Wednesday 
that general elections would 
be held on Dec. 29. 

The announcement kicked 
off what most analysts pre- 
dict will be a short and lop- 
sided contest favoring tee 
longtime president, Daniel 
arap Moi. 

Opposition leaders, who 
are splintered along tribal 
lines, immediately cried foul 

They accused Mr. Moi's 
allies on tee commission of 
rushing tee vote to give chal- 
lengers less time to campaign 
or to take advantage of re- 
cently passed reforms aimed 
at leveling the political play- 
ing field here. 

Although, under the 
Kenyan constitution, the 
elections must be held before 


the end of tee year, some 
opposition leaders in Parlia- 
ment said they had received 
assurances drat the govern- 
ment would delay the voting 
until next year in light of the 
reforms. The president made 
this promise, they said, to 
win the support of several 
key opposition leaders for his 
legislation. 

“This was actually a be- 
trayal of tee agreement, 

said Martin Shikuku, a op-' 
position leader who intends 
to run for president. “It fa- 
vors the president and dis- 
advantages tee opposition. 
Since 1992, we haven't been 
able to have public meetings, 
while he has been running 
around everywhere.” 

Mr. Moi. 73, has been in 
power since 1979 at tee head 
of tee ruling Kenya African 
National Union party. 

Over the years, he has 
steadfastly resisted every 
step to make Kenya more 


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EXECUTI VE. 25 j ts Wl exp arignes 
Mia jot) ORxxtBiy to manage aiming 
htfnaa v estao, vffing n ratoon tot- 
•wfcQf. Retomes avaHfe. Bat 447 
NT. 922f Natty Cato. Fran 



democratic, only allowing 
open elections and multi- 
party politics in 1992 after 
heavy international pressure 
was brought to bear. He won 
teat election with about 38 
percent of the vote, largely 
because the opposition was 
unable to unite behind a 
single candidate. 

This year, however, Mr. 
Moi and his allies in Par- 
liament were under pressure 
to pass a series of political 
reforms intended to ensure 
fairer elections after a sum- 
mer of pro-democracy 
demonstrations and clashes 
between security forces and 
opposition supporters. 

The reforms scrapped sev- 
eral repressive colonial-era 
laws that gave Mr. Moi 
sweeping powers to break up 
political rallies, ban certain 
parties and jail his opponents 
without trial. 

Urey also expanded the 
country’s electoral commis- 
sion from 1 1 to 21 members 
to give opposition parties the 
10 new seats and mandated 
that the state-owned broad- 
cast media give equal time to 
challengers. 

On paper, tee reforms are 
laudable, diplomats say, but 
it remains to be seen if local 
officials, all stalwarts from 
the governing party, will fol- 
low the new nues in practice, 
sinm for years they have 
been encouraged to use their 
powers to harass opponents 
and ensure that tee ruling 
party wins. 

“The people in power 
have been used to operating 
under these rules in a way 
that makes the local author- 


win, however. 

His main opponents alf/ 
come from different ethnjc r * 
groups in Kenya’s divide^ 
society and none can com-* 
mand a majority, politic^ 
analysts said. 

The main challengers 
Mr. Shikuku, Charity Nguiluiir 
of tee Social Democratic' 
Party, Raila Odinga of the. 
National Development Party^ 
Mwai Kibaki of the Demo-', 
cratic Party and Michael 
jaaa WamaJwa. who repress 
sent different factions of tfip.. 
old Forum for the Restore 
tion of Democracy. * r 

Still, Mr. Moi, who comes H 
from the tiny Kalenjin tribe, 
has proved a master at build^ 
ing coalitions and can depeqig., 
on at least 40 percent of the^ 
vote drawn across tee boanj-* 
from various tribes. , 'f. 

The only hurdle he faces is,, 
a constitutional provisioq^ 
that tee president must winja-^ 
quarter, of tee ballots in five^ 
of the nation's e ig fit 1 
provinces, analysts said. 

Since tee field is so,^ 
crowded with politicians *• 
from tee Luo, Luhya, KikuyiL- 
and Akamba tribes, there is!a 1 
slim chance Mr. Moi will nj$t ^ 
get 25 percent of tee vote iiL 
four heavily populated dis- * 
tricts where those groups, 
have a majority. 

Thai would force a runoff*^ 
which opposition leaders" 


hope will force voters disr ■ 
enchanted with Mr. Moi fq # * 
unite. “; 7 

A more likely outcome " 1 
diplomats say, is that Mr’ 1 * 
Moi will trounce tee chal? ? 

iftjicrp.ee **ru 


under these rules m a way lengers. 
teat makes tee local author- Foreign aid and loans from 
ides appendages of tee ruling international lending institUn” 
.paify, one diplomat said, tions considered critical 
insisting on anonymity, the nation’s struggling ecofir*’ 

Krtr cnmfi An... ..nil LiT. , - ^Cj r ' 


GolfV5 


insisting on anonymity. 
“Whether by some miracle 
they can change overnight is 
unclear.” 

Heavy-handed tactics are 
hardly needed for Mr. Moi to 


omy will probably hinge m." 
whether Mr. Moi and his^J 1 
aides can convince the world ’ 
that Kenya has become trulyO 
democratic, diplomats said 7 J 













INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


PAGE 5 


EUROPE 


*Blair Tries to Douse Fire Over Funds 

A Campaign Donor Won Tobacco Ad Exemptionfor Auto Racing 


v By Dan Balz 

>!}(,, WashWRton Post Service 

^LONDON He government of 
. Prime MimsierToayBlairis scrambling 
to limit the damage from a political 
controversy brought about by a $1 65 
millioD campaign contribution from an 
auto racing promoter whose spat re- 
• cently earned an exemption fro m a pro- 
posed ban on tobacco advertising. 

. Government spokesmen insisted 
diene was no relationship between the 
Campaign cash and the subsequent 
policy reversal. But Labour Party of- 
ficials announced they would retain the 
' ■ contribution on the advice of the head of 
an advisory committee on public ethics, 
which said it raised the appearance of a 
conflict of interest. 

IL, The donation, which equaled the 
largest single contribution the Labour 

In.! Pany received during last spring’s elec- 


tion campaign, came from the president 
of the Formula One Association, Bemie 
Ecclestone, a businessman who is cred- 
ited with expanding the popularity and 
profitability of grand prut racing. Last 
month, Mr. Ecclestone and other auto 
radng leaders met with Mr. Blair to lobby 
against the proposed advertising ban. 

The controversy over the policy re- 
versal and raimpai gn Hfmnfirt n has em- 
barrassed Mr. Blair and the Labour 
Party, which sharply attacked the ethics 
of the then-ruling Conservative Party 
during the last campaign and promised 
to clean up politics Selected. The prime 
minister’s office has asked the Com- 
mittee on Standards in Public Life to 
open a broad review of how political 
parties are financed. 

There are no limits on the amount of 
money national parties are allowed to 
raise, nor are there disclosure require- 
ments. The Labour Party has a voluntary 


policy of disclosing tire names of those 
who contribute more than $8,330, bat 
not the amounts. 

The controversy over the tobacco ad 
policy has been building for some time. 
During die election campaign. Labour 
pledged to ban tobacco advertising aspart 
of its anti-smoking drive. Once in office, 
officials reiterated that pledge, although 
the health minister said that certain sports, 
which depend heavily on tobacco ads for 
revenue, might need a phase-out period. 

Last week, the government outraged 
anti-smoking activists by announcing that 
its new policy would exempt Fonnnla 
One racing, a lucrative and extremely 
popular spot here. The decision also 
angered other European countries, which 
have been moving toward a Europe-wide 
ban on tobacco advertising. 

Officials argued that the ban could 
force the racing industry to shift its com- 
petitions from Europe to Asia. 



Vyw* 1 Jnnu-lVnw 

Mr. Blair speaking on the finance issue in the Commons on Wednesday. 


Retooling Britain for the 21st Century: It 9 s 6 Cool Britannia 9 


By Warren Hoge 

. j New York Tunes Service 

. LONDON — It ’s the new and improved Bri- 
tain! 

Britain, the spin doctors in Prime Minister Tony 
Blair’s government say, is being "rebranded." 

•: Out are scenes of village cricket, tea =»nH scones, 

baronial castles. Beefeaters, grouse hunts on heaih- 
tery moors, ceremonial celebrators in wigs and 
- - tights, tepid amber ale and Union Jacks fluttering 
triumphantly. 

• In are images of pulsing telecommunications, 
... I j global business transactions, information technol- 
■" * ! %7 ogies, buccaneering entrepreneurs, a sensitized 
,, monarchy, bold architecture, cheeky advertising, 
'.‘Ini* daring fashion. Britpop music, night clnbbing — 
anything, in short, that is youthful, creative and, in 
the word most uttered by the leaders of this updated 
land, modem. 

The government tourist agency has supplanted 
“Rule; Britannia!'' with "Cool Britannia.” The 
adjective "royal" increasingly makes way fa the 
cozier * ‘people's,” a word Mr. Blair recently used 
27 times in a single newspaper interview. 

Decades ago, it was- the Beatles and Carnaby 


Street that showed the world that Britain wasn't as 
fusty as often portrayed. This time, the style of- 
fensive is being undertaken by the new Labour 
government at the suggestion of Demos, a social 
policy research center close to Mr. Blair, which 
recommended last month that it was time to 
“rebrand” Britain as “one of the world's pioneers 
rather than one of its museums." 

Mr. Blair, who is 44, commented: “The image of 
Britain, which used to be bowler hats and pinstripe 
trousers and veiy old-fashioned and very stoffy, has 
been replaced by something far more dynamic and 
Open and forward-looking. That’s how my gen- 
eration feels — that I’m proud of my country's past, 
but I don’t want to live in it” 

Continued use of the tall bearskin h ats used by 
smart-stepping guards since the Battle of Waterloo 
has cone under question from animal rights pro- 
testers, and the Defense Ministry says it is looking 
into synthetic fins. 

There is a move afoot to replace the London 
bobby's helmet with a sloping, visored cyclist's 
polystyrene and plastic hard hat and the stiff police 
tunic with a more supple model called an “Amer- 
ican-style jeep jacket” Manchester made the 
switch early this year, and one officer told The 


Manchester Evening News that be was regularly 
mistaken for a security guard, a gas meter reader or 
a parking lot attendant 

The famous red double-decker buses are under 
attack from safety experts at the European Union 
became of the dangers of stepping on and off the 
open back platform. Another red symbol, the boxes 
in which parliamentary leaders have transported 
documents for 250 years, are being replaced by 
black crates. Security is given as the reason. 

Lord Irvine of Lairg, who is now the lord chan- 
cellor, says he wants to discard his 17th-century 
costume of frill- bottomed wig, silk tights and 
buckled shoes for a simple black academic robe. 

Relaxed dress habits also penetrated another 
redoubt of British tradition this week. There was a 
time when BBC announcers were obliged to broad- 
cast in black tie even on the radio. 

Mr. Blair put his government’s rebranding ex- 
ercise to the ultimate vogue test last week when his 
guests for a summit meeting in London were Pres- 
ident Jacques Chirac and Prime Minister Lionel 
Jospin of France. 

There were no Grenadier Guards, no meetings at 
10 Downing Street, no banquets in the great rooms 
of Lancaster House. Instead, the two French leaders 


found themselves on the 38ih floor of the Canary 
Wharf Tower, a steely building that is London's 
tallest, in the rejuvenated Docklands, which is rap- 
idly replacing the City as Britain's financial center. 

They met in rooms of minimalist starkness, with 
clusters of buffed suede sofas and blond ash tables 
on zinc-wrapped ferroconcrete legs, works of some 
of the city's most innovative young designers. 

Out the carpet- to-ceiling windows was a pan- 
oramic view of a derelict spit of land bristling with 
cranes that is the construction site of the SI billion 
Millennium Dome, the vast exhibition space on the 
Greenwich meridian that Mr. Blair has said will tie 
a totem of national prestige in the next century. 

Mr. Chirac had a diplomatic response to the style 
offensive. “I am impressed by what I have seen 
both at ground level and at higher altitude,” he said. 
"It all gives an image of a young, dynamic and 
modem England, and I like it a lot.’* 

Others closer to home have been less polite. Not 
surprisingly, the “rebranding” of Britain has been 
condemned by the opposition Conservatives. 

“It’s a silly phrase,” said Douglas Hurd, a 
former foreign secretary. “A government is not an 
advertising agency. Most of the Things we are good 
at are rooted in the past.” 


JOBS: Shorter Workweeks Create Tension 


cl 


fi V 


■« I 


Continued from Page 1 

stream says, with cats in pay, if nec- 
essary , and above all with an eye to 
increasing a company’s productivity. 

- But those to the lot say governments 
must require employers to redistribute 
_ wprk, after shortening hours, to create 
jobs. Otherwise, they argue, the exercise 
only serves to cement the privileges of 
* I existing employees. 

‘i y I iW if 'fiance and Italy are tending toward a 

„ * > ' 1 1 system that would not require new hir- 

; ing. Instead, the government would 

merely provide incentives to add work- 
ers, through tax breaks, perhaps, or sub- 
sidies toward the social security and 
heal* costs of new employees. 

As the debate rages on, more and more 
companies, like Bonfiglioli, say they can- 
not wait fa a resolution. Growing into the 
rdle of multinational players, they have 
an immediate need to deal with surges 
and declines in the global economy, and 
one way is to be flexible with hours. 

In short, the goal fa these companies 
1? not social engineering, but corporate 
""" re-engineering. Mr. Nassetti is waking 

t ■ less but arguably harder, given the wear 

’ - . ' and tear of an ever-changing schedule. 

And while Bonfiglioli did some hiring, 
jthat was only because there was more 
Ildi 1 demand fa its products. 

» il |T I rlA** In arguing against legislation to force 

ll| If I ^ P* 1 lower hours on a company without al- 

1 * lowing other changes in work rules. 

Miss Bonfiglioli said, “Reducing hours 
oply makes sense under conditions of 
greater flexibility.” 

The twists and rums of the debate are 
all on display at Bonfiglioli. Since it 
negotiated a deal with its unions to cut the 
fhours of Mr. Nassetti and his colleagues, 
fts payroll has grown to 930 from 863. 

■ Such results make proponents of short- 
er hours exult Nerio Nesi, the economic 
spokesman of the Refounded Commu- 
nist Party, which demanded and got the 
pledge of a national law m anda t i n g a 35- 
hour week, cites his party’s slogan, 
"Work for everyone, by working less. 
Companies can pay for the extra em- 
ployees, he said, by dipping into profits. 

Miss Bonfiglioli begs to differ. 

In 1995, her company found itself 
with a sudden surge in demand for its 
sophisticated gearboxes and motors, as 
economies around the world emerged 
from recession and sales of the auto- 
mobiles. farm tractors and other ma- 
chinery that contain gearboxes jumped- 
Last year, the company, which wasfopn- 
ded in 1 956 by Miss Bonfiglioh s father, 
Clementino, had sales of $207 million, 
against $98 million five years ago. 

The sharp rise in orders presented the 
^company with some difficult derisions- 
rMore overtime, the classic retip? “J* 
bolstering production, was prohibitively 
expensive, with metal 9 <r 
company’s seven factories pocketing^ 
percent bonuses for overtime on att- 
urdays and 50 percent on Sundays. 
Building a new factory was risky, 

demand fizzled, Bonfiglioli wouM be 

stuck with a surplus plant and staff. 

By winning the right to 

Nasitti and others around to mght and 

weekend shifts as production neatemc- 
tated — and without having to pay than 

newrealities of doing business on a 

global stage. Faced vriSt thev^ao^of 

international markets, “W 
companies are trying to fradvraysto.be 
t responsive without meaning 
fixSi costs. The goal. IS to create 
called breathing factories, in wluch^ 
duction expands and contracts with de- 


mand, like a living organism. 

Companies in the United States, of 
course, went through similar adjust- 
ments in recent years as they cut millions 
of jobs, switching instead to contract 
workers and outsourcing to remain com- 
petitive. But in Europe, with rigid social 
structures, strong labor unions and far 
higher unemployment, the pressure to 
achieve flexibility is. even greater. 

.Indeed, Miss Bonfiglioli acknowl- 
edges jshe was only copyings model for 
cutting working hours that was created 
in Germany several years earlier by 
Volkswagen AG, the largest automaker 
in Europe. At that time, VW faced the 
possibility of having to lay off about a 
third of its work force in Germany, or 
about 30,000 people, as an aging product 
line and the European recession com- 
bined to hollow out demand. 

To avoid the huge layoffs, Volkswagen 
negotiated a complex package in 1993 
with the powerful metal watkere’ union to 
cut the average workweek to less than 29 
hours — from 36 hours — distributed 
over four days. In return, the union agreed 
to wage redactions of up to 15 percent 

VW saved 20,000 of the 30,000 jobs, 
but in exchange it got the right to in- 
crease the workweek to as many as 35 
hours without paying overtime. Now, 
revived European economies and a re- 
newed product line have caused demand 
to soar. 

Peter Hartz, Volkswagen's chief of 

Ee wants to extend the program to all 
280,000 VW workers around the world. 

The model has found emulators else- 
where in Germany. In Munich, Bay- 
erische Motor en Werke AG operates its 
factories on similar principles, based 
roughly on a four-day week. Siemens 
AG, the electrical and electronics con- 
glomerate, was able to save 5,000 jobs at 
one factory with a similar deal. 

What animates the left’s drive for 
shorter hours, say experts like Aris Ac- 
comero, a professor of industrial so- 
ciology ai Rome University, is the con- 
viction dating back to Karl Marx and 
other classical leftist theoreticians that 
“life, in effect, begins after work. ’ ’ His- 
torically, however, Mr. Accomero said, 
the proposal to reduce workweeks has 
been “the daughter of desperation, not 
of hope." 

In the Great Depression, the Geneva- 
based International Labor Organization 
broached the idea of shorter workweeks, 
and in France, the leftist government of 
Leon Blum implemented it. slashing 
work hours to 40 from 48, Mr. Ac- 
comero said. In the United States, so- 
cially innovative companies like Kel- 
logg Co., the cereal maker, 
e xp er im ented with a 36-honr week. 

Yet rarely do shorter bouts result in 
more jobs, he said. Indeed, to regain 
productivity lost by shorter hours at 
equal pay, companies usually respond 
with better organization of work, which 
often mre m<: more stress for the remain- 
ing employees and more automation, 
which further reduces jobs. Volks- 
wagen’s experience bears this out 

“We got jobs, at the price of more 
intensive work,” said Hans-Juergen 
Uhl, secretary-general of the workers 
council at VVTs main German plant, in 
Wolfsburg. "There is a subjective feel- 
ing of increased performance, and the 
work face will continue to drop.” 

Thanks to new manufacturing tech- 
nology, said Hans-Peter Blechinger, a 
c ompany spokesman, VW*s new Golf 
compact takes 20 hours to build, against 
30 to 33 hours for the ouigoing modeL 

“In the medium term, we foresee a 
drop in employment because of pro- 
ductivity improvements,” he said. 


Not Just 9 to 5 

Faced with high unemployment, some European countries have been debating whether to reduce the workweek in hopes 
of creating more jobs. But a few companies in Europe, seeking more flexible schedules to reduce costs and improve 
productivity, are achieving the same goal for different reasons, adding to conflicts among labor, business and government. 
All figures are for 1996. 


Britain 

Average weekly 
hours worked in 
manufacturing 

35.6 

Average total 
hourly compen- 
sation for pro- 
duction workers 

$14.19 

Unemployment 

rate 


France 

Average weekly 
hours worked in 
manufacturing 

31.7 

Average total 
hourly compen- 
sation for pro- 
duction workers 

$19.34 

Unemployment 

rate 


Germany 

Average weekly 
hours worked in 
manufacturing 

29.0 

Average total 
hourly compen- 
sation for pro- 
duction workers 

$31.87 

Unemployment 

rate 


Average weekly 
hours worked in 
manufacturing 

35.0 

Average total 
houriy compen- 
sation for pro- 
duction workers 

$18.08 

Unemployment 

rate 


Average weekly 
hours worked in 
manufacturing 

37.9 

Average total 
houriy compen- 
sation for pro- 
duction workers 

$17.74 

Unemployment 

rate 



*91 TO *95 *97 *91 *93 ’95 ’97 

Sources: Bureau of Labor Stofistfcsr DRI/McGraw-HM 


’91 ’93 '95 ’97 


’91 , 93’95’97 


’91 ’93 ’95 ‘97 

The New York Time: 


BRIEFLY 


Prosecutor Keeps 
Papon on Stand 


BORDEAUX — The prosecu- 
tion continued to questioi Maurice 
Papon on Wednesday in toe trial of 
the former French minister for 
crimes against humanity during 
Wald War 11. 

The prosecutor. Marc Robert, is 
seeking to establish that as secretary- 
general of toe prefecture in Bordeaux 
under the collaborationist Vichy 
government, Mr. Papon was respon- 
sible for deponing more than 1.500 
Jews 10 German death camps. 

The 87-year-old former minister, 
who has been on trial since OcL S. 
has denied that toe authority to sign 
documents he received from Bor- 
deaux’s prefect, particularly about 
Jewish questions, amounted to 
power of anorney. 

He has also testified that it was 
impossible to know at toe time ex- 
actly what would happen to those 
deponed after they were rounded up 
by French policemen and sent to 
Germany. t.AFPl 

4inEU Targeted 
Over i Mad Cow 9 

BRUSSELS — The European 
Union's commission said Wednes- 
day that it was stepping up legal 
proceedings against Britain, France, 
Ponugal and Spain for failing to put 
in place controls against the spread 
of "mad cow” disease. 

The commission said Britain was 
still failing to meet EU veterinary 
controls in meat plants and refri- 
gerated warehouses. It said Lon- 
don's explanation that it did not 
have enough veterinary’ staff was 
insufficient. 

France is still refusing to adhere to 
standards for treating animal waste 
designed to block the transmission 
of mad cow disease, or bovine spon- 
giform encephalopathy, the com- 
mission said, and Spain has failed to 
respond to warnings on meat pro- 
cessing controls. Portugal is being 
challenged for failing to respect EU 
law on the disposal and processing 
of animal waste. (Reiners) 

LePen Wins Suit 

PARIS — A French court Wed- 
nesday awarded 40,000 francs to 
Jean-Marie Le Pen. the extreme- 
right leader, ruling that be had not 
made anti-Semitic slurs attributed 
to him in a recent book. 

The publication this year of toe 
book “Le Roman d'un President” 
(A President’s Story) sparked 
protest over statements attributed to 
Mr. Le Pen, including one quoting 
him as having said that President 
Jacques Chirac was in the pay of 
Jewish organizations. 

Mr. Le Pen denied that he had 
said any such thing in the interview 
he gave to Nicholas Domenacb for 
toe book. 

The court, alter hearing a tape of 
the interview made by Le Pen aides, 
said Mr. Domenach “gravely de- 
formed” the content of the inter- 
view several times and was guilty of 
"procedures that violated journa- 
listic ethics.” The fine amounts to 
$7,000. f Reuters) 


Italy’s Di Pietro Factor Off to a Fine Start in Politics 


By Celestine Bohlen 

New York Tima Service 

ROME — First there was Antonio Di 
Pietro the hat), the dashing young 
member of Milan's zealous team of 
public prosecutors who became a na- 
tional star in the early 1990s for his role 
in exposing the rot and corruption in the 
Italian political system. 

Then there was Antonio Di Pietro toe 
martyr, a role he assumed after his 
sudden, and still mysterious, resigna- 
tion as prosecuting magistrate in 
December 1994 and after he, too, came 
under investigation on allegations of 
abuse of public office. 

But once charges against him were 
dropped for lack of evidence, toe way 
opoied for his latest incarnation: Ant- 
onio Di Pietro the politician, who won a 
seat in the senate on Sunday with 67 
percent of the vote in a three-way by- 
election in the hilly Tuscan countryside 
outside Florence. 

The Di Pietro factor has be*® lurking 
in the background of Italian politics 
ever since the 47-year-old prosecutor 


established himself as one of toe coun- 
try’s favorite characters — a former 
policeman with brazen charm and a 
“get tough” message, who usually ap- 
pears in dark glasses, a cellular phone 
to his ear, surrounded by bodyguards. 

For several years, toe puzzle was 
over which side of the political spec- 
trum Mr. Di Pietro would honor with his 
persistently high popularity ratings. 

His own political beliefs tend to toe 
right, but his long-standing confron- 
tation with Silvio Berlusconi, toe leader 
of Italy’s center-right coalition and a 
frequent target of toe Milan prosecu- 
tors, remained a serious obstacle. 

When he was offered toe chance to 
run for toe vacant senate seat as toe 
candidate of the governing center-left 
alliance, Mr. Di Pietro accepted. 

Now that he has won, opinion is 
divided over whether toe victory be- 
longs to him a to his new allies in the 
Olive Tree coalition, headed by Prime 
Minister Romano Prodi. 

Certainly, his addition to toe coali- 
tion's lineup — which already includes 
centrist Catholics and former Commu- 


nists — is bound 10 broaden its political 
appeal by drawing in those voters who 
think Mr. Di Pietro is the man to finish 
the task of cleaning up Italian politics. 

But some political experts predict 
that he will not feel bound by his allies' 
ambitions. 

‘ 'Di Pietro is convinced toar he has a 
political constituency that is his own, 
that the vote in Tuscany was just a 
sample of his national popularity," said 
Sergio Romano, a political commen- 
tator. "He sees this as his political cap- 
ital. and he is not going to give it away, 
but will try to use it for his own end." 

Just what that end might be is Italy’s 
latest political puzzle. 

Many are convinced that Mr. Di 
Pietro sees himself as a future pres- 
ident. once that post becomes directly 
elected by the voters. 

Now, members of Parliament, not 
toe voters, elect the president, a po- 
sition that is largely ceremonial. Bui a 
proposal to give voters a direct say is 
pending before Parliament, part of a 
package of constitutional changes to be 
debated in toe next year. 


Whatever his future role. Mr. Di 
Pietro’s formal entry into politics has 
already created waves. Within the right- 
wing coalition, some blamed Mr. Ber- 
lusconi for their coalition’s humiliating 
defeat at the polls Sunday and implicitly 
for allowing a political star like Mr. Di 
Pietro io drift into the rival camp. 

Among his allies, there is concern 
that Mr. Di Pietro may try to create his 
own parliamentary party, or even chal- 
lenge Mr. Prodi for the leadership of the 
Olive Tree alliance. Within hours of his 
victory, Mr. Di Pietro was vowing to 
use his influence to free the coalition of 
its dependence on the Refounded Com- 
munist Party, a small group of hard-line 
leftists that engineered a recent gov- 
ernment crisis. 

Mr. Di Pietro, who has been accused 
of overly histrionic performances dur- 
ing his career, was clearly savoring the 
suspense. 

“I am the only one who doesn't know 
what I am going to do." he said. “I 
started reading the papers today, but then 
1 had to stop because everybody is asking 
themselves what will Di Pietro do.” 


CLIMATE: Greenhouse Gases Are Soaring to Levels Not Seen Since the Dinosaurs 


Continued from Page 1 

impact on toe climate can be as sig- 
nificant as nature's.” 

In the decade since the global warm- 
ing debate began in earnest, new tech- 
nology and an enormous amount of new 
data nave narrowed toe disagreement on 
toe most important questions surround- 
ing the Changing climate. 

Two years ago, a panel of mare than 
2,000 of the world's top climate sci- 
entists concluded that toe Earth was in- 
deed warming and that the “balance of 
evidence suggests a discernible human 
influence” on climate. 

Based on that assessment, the United 
States and more than 150 nations will 
gather next month in Kyoto, Japan, to try 
to reach an agreement on curbing toe 
pollutants blamed fa global wanning. 

The balk of toe recent evidence, from 
rising sea levels and retreating glaciers 


to toe recent freak storms in toe Dakotas, 
appears to be falling in lire with sci- 
entists’ predictions of whar toe effects of 
greenhouse wanning would took like. 

No other theory can fully explain toe 
range of changes being observed around 
the globe, say scientists at NOAA and 
other institutions at the cutting edge of 
climate research. 

But major gaps in knowledge remain, 
and they continue to fuel scientific spar- 
ring in trade journals and on World wide 
Web sites. Scientists, for example, still 
can't produce- a “smoking gun” that 
irrefutably links humans to global 
warming, which has measured about 1 
degree Fahrenheit in the past 100 years. 
That is still small enough to foil within 


toe range of normal variability fa a 
planet that has lurched in and out of ice 
ages for millions of years. 

But even at current levels, concen- 
trations of greenhouse gases in the at- 


mosphere are far higher than at any time 
since the appearance of modem humans 
on Earth. By toe end of toe next century 
— as the human population doubles 
again to 1 1 billion or even more — there 
will be two to three times as much car- 
bon in the air as 250 years ago if emis- 
sions continue to rise at current rates. 

“Under business as usual, we'll reach 
carbon dioxide concentrations that 
haven't been seen on this planet in the 
last 50 million years,” a Harvard Uni- 
versity professor and Nobel Laureate, 
John Holdren, told a recent White House 
conference on giobal wanning. "We 
will have achieved that in the geological 
blink of an eye, exposing, as we do it, 
natural systems to a rate of temperature 
change faster than at any time in toe last 
10,000 years.” 

A few scientists maintain that in- 
creased precipiiation at toe poles would 
lead to larger ice sheets and sub- 


sequently lower sea levels. But most 
models forecast further melting of gla- 
ciers and Arctic ice, which could raise 
the sea level anywhere from a few inches 
to several feet. 

Already, sea level is four to nine 
inches higher than a century ago. .If it 
climbs by another meter, as some com- 
puters predict, thousands of square miles 
of coastal Florida and Louisiana could 
be swallowed up, as well as large chunks 
of Bangladesh and many island na- 
tions. 

Wanner weather would surely mean 
fewer deaths from cold and ice. On toe 
other hand, there likely would be more 
killer heat waves such as toe one that 
killed 465 people in Chicago in 1995. 

“If you double the number of people, 
you stress the resources even more,” 
said NOAA's Mr. Baker. ‘‘Add global 
warming on top of that, and there will be 
lots more losers than winners." 



PAGE 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13,1997 


■Sf 


INTERNATIONAL 


Mourning Rabin, Israel 
Hears Netanyahu Plea 

He Urges Soul-Searching and Reconciliation 

Ageuce France-Presse during a rhrwfi-riay meeting nf party lead- 

JERUSALEM — Prime Minister ers that ended Wednesday. 

Benjamin Netanyahu called far soul- But his success left the party more 
searching and national reconciliation in deeply divided than ever, with key 
Israel on Wednesday at a special session politicians threatening to form a break- 
of Pari lament marking the assassinati on away movement and rank-and-file 


two years ago of Yitzhak Rabin, his 
predecessor. 

“I am the first to say that I must, tike 
others, do some soul-searching, bold out 
a hand anti say that we have to move 
toward dialogue and reconciliation,' 1 
Mr. Netanyahu told the Knesset. 

"We cannot give up political 
struggle, but we must be less sure of 
ourselves, less virulent, more open to the 
ideas of others.*' he said as Israel held its 
First official day of mourning, according 
to the Hebrew calendar, for Mr. Rabin, 
who was shot by a Jewish ri ghtis t. 

Fvhud Barak, a leader of Mr. Rabin's 
Labor Party, responded in his address to 
the Knesset: “I hold out both hands for 
reconciliation and unity." 

The Labor Party accuses Mr. Net- 
anyahu, of the rival Likud, of taking a 
leading role in virulent anti-government 
protests that preceded Mr. Rabin's as- 
sassination on Nov. 4. 1995, by a young 
man opposed to the peace process with 
the Palestinians. 

Meanwhile, Mr. Netanyahu tightened 
his grip on the right-wing Likud bloc 


members turning in their party cards. 

The revolt was sparked by a vote in 
the 2,750-member Likud central com- 
mittee to cancel a system of primary 
elections to choose the party’s candi- 
dates for prime minister. Parliament and 
local government posts for national elec- 
tions scheduled for 2000. 

Political rivals and newspaper com- 
mentators said that the decision — ap- 
proved against the wishes of most Likud 
leaders — was designed to give Mr. 
Netanyahu the final say in picking can- 
didates. 

That power will allow him to sideline 
rivals and rein in members of Parlia- 
ment 

Under the primary system, first adopt- 
ed for the 1996 elections, candidates 
were chosen by the 200,000 rank-and- 
file Likud members. 

The new system is expected to put the 
decision back in die hands of the central 
committee, which is now controlled by 
Netanyahu loyalists. 

The change is to be adopted within 
three months. 


General Powell Rules Out 
Presidential Bid in 2000 


By Richard L. Berke 

Afar York Tunts Strive 


WASHINGTON — Trying to bead 
off years, perhaps, of speculation and 
draft movements. General Cotin Powell 
has made it clear that he has no intention 
of seeking the Republican nomination 
for president in 2000. 

"I am not running for any political 
office in 2000." General Ppweti, 60, 
said when asked about his designs on the 
White House at a news conference in 
Des Moines. Iowa, where he was ad- 
dressing a motivational conference. 

Though General Powell, who is retired, 
has suggested to various audiences in the 
past year that he would not run for pres- 
ident his remarks on Tuesday appeared to 
be the most definitive. Echoing a theme 
from his announcement in November 
1995 that he would not seek the Re- 
publican- nomination in 1996, be said he 
lacked the "passion’’ forpolitical life. 

“I went through this in 1995," said 
General Powell, who catapulted to 
prominence during the Gulf War in 
1 99 1 , when he was chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff. "I took a hard look at 
myself and took a look at the needs of my 


PAKISTAN: Link to Conviction in U.S.? 


Continued from Page 1 

the shooting deaths "an outrageous act 
of barbarism," The Associated Press 
reported. 

fThe spokesman. Michael McCuny, 
also said there was no evidence of a 
connection to the Kansi conviction. "I 
would stress at this point we do not have 
direct evidence that links those two." he 
said. "But obviously, we will watch for 
a link.**] 

[Reuters reported that the lawyers for 
Mr. Kansi asked a judge on Wednesday 
to declare a mistrial, saving jurors might 
he "scared to death" by the killings. 

[But a Fairfax County Circuit Court 
judge. J. Howe Brown, denied the mo- 
tion. He said he had delected no sign that 
the 12-member jury knew about the 
shooting in Karachi or were shaken by it. 
The jurors are trying to determine a 
sentence for Mr. Kansi.] 

Union Texas officials in Pakistan 
identified the tour slain Americans as 
Epliraim Egbu.42; Joel Enlow, 40; Tracy 
Ritchie. 41. and LW. Jennings, 49. All 
were residents of Houston in Karachi on 
temporary assignment to conduct an an- 
nual audit on die Pakistan unit, the largest 
of 20 international oil concerns operating 
in ihe country, accounting for half its 
annual petroleum production. 

The attack, unusual in Karachi only 
because the targets were foreigners, 
came less Iran 36 Iwure after Mr. Kansi 
was convicted of shooting dead two CIA 
employees outside the agency *s Langley, 
Virginia, hesidquurters four years ago. 

Kansi family sources said that a few 
weeks after his arrest in June by FBI and 
CIA agents at a Pakistan hotel, Mir Aim* 
aJ Kansi told his elder brother. Ham- 
idullah, during a conversation at Fairfax 
County Jail that "his people" would not 


against possible retaliation after Mr. 
Kansi’s conviction. 

But William Burk, a division manager 
of Union Texas Pakistan Inc., said the 
company did not receive that general 
warning or any specific threat 

"We were not aware of any security 
notice issued by the State Department," 
he said. A spokesman for the U.S. Con- 
sulate in Karachi said that the warning 
was passed to Americans there, but that 
he was unsure when. 

Mr. Kansi *s trial and conviction has 
been followed closely across Pakistan. 
The conviction played on the front pages • 
of English-language newspapers, but 
was widely expected here and reaction 
was largely muted, local analysis said. 

They added, however, that if Mr. 
Kansi were sentenced to death, Amer- 
ican and Pakistani officials should ex- 
pect a greater outcry and possibly more 
violence aimed at U.S. interests. 

' Prosecutors asserted that Mr. Kansi, 
who also wounded three others in the 
1993 shooting, was himself seeking to 
retaliate against American intelligence 
operatives for U.S. bombing attacks on 
Iraq when he shot the CIA employees. 

Frank Darling, 28, and Lansing Ben- 
nett, a 66-year-old physician employed 
by the CIA, were in their cars waiting in 
morning traffic outside the agency when 
Mr. Kansi walked between cars, firing 
an AK-47 assault rifle. 

The attack Wednesday came just days 
before Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
bright is scheduled to arrive in Islamabad 
for the first working visit by a secretary 
of state in the Pakistani capital since that 
of George Shultz in 1983. Mrs. Albright 
was not scheduled to visit Karachi, 
Pakistan’s largest city and main port. 



family, and I concluded individually and 
we concluded as a family that political 
life was not for us." 

When he announced his decision in 
1995, the general was careful not to rule 
out a change of heart in future cam- 
paigns. "I need to move back into 
private life and find other things to use 
my energies and talents on," he said 
then, "and not keep the political pot 
boiling any more at this time." 

It seems premature for Republicans to 
maneuver for their party’s nomination 
three years ahead of time, and (he spec- 
tacle of a potential contender's announ- 
cing he will stay on the sidelines seems 
even more unusual 

But General Powell has been an ex- 
ceptional figure in American politics 
who captivates Republicans and Demo- 
crats alike. Polls still show that he is by 
far the most popular among more than a 
dozen Republicans who have toyed with 
running far president in 2000. 

He is also unique in his party in that 
polls show he holds significant appeal 
among Democrats and independents. 
And unlike other black leaders. General 
Powell did not have trouble expanding 
his support to white voters. 


Continued from Page 1 

to start (or re-start) a bleeding that es- 
calated fatally." 

The question of whether the baby's 
bleeding "re-started” was a critical 
point of the defense. 

Barry Sc heck, one of Ms. Wood- 
ward’s defense lawyers, said in an in- 
terview Tuesday that the defense had 
concentrated its scientific arguments on 
two main points: "This was an old injury, 
but most importantly, there's no evidence 
of a violent slam or violent shaking, and 
that shows their murder case is over." 

Medical experts for the defense test- 
ified that the age of blood clots found in 
Matthew Eappen’s brain appeared to be 
about three weeks old; that in postmortem 
photographs, the baby ’s skull-fracture ap- 
peared to be knitting together, indicating 
it, too. was old; that the baby had no neck 
injuries or obvious bruising when he was 


brought into tin: hospital, indicating he 
had not been manhandled or brutally 
shaken; and that a brain scan showed no 
swelling at the site of the skull fracture, 
meaning his head could not have been 
recently slammed against a bard surface. 

In essence, then, the defense argued 
that a relatively mild impact on or 
around Feb. 4, the day Matthew Happen 
was brought to the hospital could have 
re-aggravated an old injury and led to the 
baby's death. 

"It's a complicated scenario and It’s 
easier to think why couldn'ttt all be done 
in one day in one smack,” allowed Dr. 
Ayug Ommaya, a neurosurgeon and ex- 
pert on the mechanics of head injuries 
who testified for the defense. 

Unlike the jury, which convicted Ms. 
Woodward of second-degree murder. 
Judge Zobel appeared to accept that sce- 
nario when he allowed, in his decision, 
that Ms. Woodward may have been only 


’81 Reversal by Au Pair Judge 
Resulted in Homicidal Sequel 


International Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — When Judge 
Hiller Zobel overruled a jury's finding 
and freed a British ad pair who had 
been convicted of murder, it was the 
fourth time he had thrown out a ver- 
dict 

One of the four cases had a par- 
ticularly dramatic sequeL A man 
whose second-degree murder verdict 
was overturned by Judge Zobel was 
later arrested for being part of a team 
involved in a fatal robbery. 

In 1981, Kevin Dyke, then 27, came 
before Judge Zobel of the Middlesex 
Superior Court in Massachusetts. He 
had been convicted of the stabbing 
death of his girlfriend, Barbara 
Margo, and faced life in prison. 

In an unexpected move. Judge Zo- 
bel, a Harvard Law School graduate 
who has published articles on the fal- 
libility of juries, granted a defense 
motion to reduce the charge to man- 
slaughter. He then sentenced Mr. 
Dyke to 16 years. 


Mr. Dyke was freed from prison in 
1994, and returned to crime. He was 
later linked to robberies of homes, 
shops arid jewelry stores in several 
towns near Boston. - 

On July 5, 1995, he was part of a 
three-man team that robbed a jewelry 
shop in Framingham. The owner, 
Mark Mariani, was shot to death. 

Mr. Dyke, the getaway driver and 
purported mastermind of the robber- 
ies, would still have been in prison had 
Judge Zobel not reduced his murder 
conviction. 

A jury in Cambridge found Mr. 
Dyke guilty of second-degree murder 
in that killing. He will be eligible for 
parole in 2012. 

In another case. Judge Zobel in 
1984 granted a new trial to a former 
police officer, Philip Gagliardi of 
Medford, who had been convicted of 
second-degree murder in the killing of 
a Vietnam veteran. In the second trial, 
Mr. Gagliardi was again convicted of 
second-degree murder. - 


“rough" with the baby. But pediatric 
experts on child abuse unconnected with 
the Woodward trial said Tuesday that 
everything known about children's in- 
juries did not gibe with such a picture. 

Dr. Jan Bays, chairman of the Amer- 
ican Academy of Pediatrics' Committee 
on Child Abuse and Neglect, said she had 
not followed the Woodward trial closely, 
but it appeared to involve "a classic 
history" of shaken baby syndrome. 

Dr. Bays said that when a child, like 
Matthew, has trouble breathing, is 
bleeding in its brain and eyes and has a 
fractured skull, "these injuries are def- 
initely not caused by a three- to five-foot 
fall off a counter or being dropped out of 
Mom's arms." 

“It’s violent shaking," she said, “so 
violent that anyone witnessing it would 
know this was very dangerous to this 
baby, and usually at the end of the shak- 
ing. because the person is angry and out 
of control, the baby is thrown down.'* 
This could lead to a skull fracture. 

Furthermore, she and others said, it 
was impossible that Matthew Eappen 
could have incurred a severe brain injury 
three weeks before Feb. 4 and continued 
to function more or less normally. 

Dr. Randell Alexander, a University of 
Iowa pediatrics professor who has written 
several papers on “shaken baby syn- 
drome. " said he also discounted the "re- 
bleed" theorylbecaiijse it is rior bleeding 
that kills a shaken baby anyway, butratber 
the swelling of its brain tissue, which puts 
pressure on the parts of the brain that 
control vital functions and brings death. 

“You die of massive brain swelling, 
and that takes a massive injury to do 
that," he said. 

Studies have shown that to incur the 
level of head injury found in shaken baby 
syndrome, he said, children musT fall 
from second-story windows or be caught 
in car crashes without seat-restraints. 

Furthermore, he said, signs in Matthew 
Eappen of an old injury certainly did not 
rule out the possibility of a new one: child 
abuse is often repetitive, be noted. And a 
lack of neck injuries was common among 
“shaken baby" victims, he added. 

These and other scientific disputes 
appear certain to re-surface when Ms. 
Woodward’s defense begins the process 
to appeal her manslaughter conviction. 


ALLIES: If Coalition'S Back, What Are France and Russia Up To? 


Continued from Page I 

quickly exploit That prospect is more 
worrisome to Russia and Europe than to 
the United States, French ana Russian 
officials and analysts said. 

Still, France and Russia have used 
words not far from those of U.S. officials 
in condemning Iraq's position. But the 
differences they appear to have papered 
over have not dampened anger in Wash- 
ington about (heir recalcitrance. 

In the U.S. view, France and Russia 
fail to recognize the danger Mr. Saddam 
poses with his arsenal of biological, bac- 
teriological and nuclear weapons. For 
five years, Iraq has all but thwarted UN- 
supervised monitoring of Iraq’s 
weapons development and deployment. 

“We are dnxious," said Yves Doulri- 
aux, a spokesman for the French Foreign 
Ministry. "Iraq's decisions are not al- 
ways rational I'm not telling you any 
state secret when I say that when we go 
in to see [Mr. Saddam] we tell him he’s 
shooting himself in the foot." 

France and Russia kept lines open to 
Mr. Saddam long after the United States 
and the rest of the Gulf War coalition had 


turned irrevocably to repulsing Iraqi 
troops from Kuwait by overwhelming 
force — with French and Russian sup- 
port. One of the leading advocates of 
brokering a settlement with Mr. Sad- 
dam. even after the air war began, was 
Yevgeni Primakov, Moscow's leading 
Arabist, who has had long experience in 
dealing with Mr. Saddam and is now the 
Russian foreign minister. 

The United States has also isolated 
itself across Europe by threatening eco- 
nomic sanctions against countries doing 
business in Iran — most recently over a 
recent $2 billion natural gas deal signed 
with Iran by a consortium of three en- 
ergy companies (including France's 
Total SA and Russia’s Gazprom). The 
sanctions laws pervade every aspect of 
the U.S- French relationship, one West- 
ern diplomat in Paris said recently. 

Far from harboring sympathy for the 
Iraqi dictator, whom they deride coarsely 
in private, French officials question the 
diplomatic strategy and objectives be- 
hind U.S. efforts to threaten Iraq. 

Noting that the United States has 
made no secret of its refusal to lift eco- 
nomic sanctions as long as Mr. Saddam 


i power, senior French offi- 
tney asked (heir American 


remains in 
cials said 
counterparts recently what interest Mr. 
Saddam has to comply with UN res- 
olutions, and what the U.S. longer-term 
strategy might be should a UN resolution 
or, even subsequent military strikes, fail 
to force Mr. Saddam's compliance. 

Iraq was a major client of Russia 
during the Soviet era, and much of its 
prewar military hardware was purchased 
from Moscow. Many in the Russian 
political business and foreign policy 
elite believe Iraq could again be a future 
partner in the region. 

Russia is struggling in the global arms 
bazaar — exports that provide needed 
cash — and also has a burgeoning 
private oil industry, which has contrac- 
ted for 38.5 million barrels of Iraqi oil in 
the UN food-for-oil swap. Iraqi and Rus- 
sian officials have had regular meetings 
this year to plan what they say would be 
a return to the pre-sanctions levels of 
trade, about $1.5 billion a year, if sanc- 
tions were lifted. 


BRIEFLY 


4>dn> [Ninvi/Apnwr Frantt-IV w 

Prime Minister Netanyahu shaking the hand of Leah Rabin on Wednesday, a day of mourning for her husband. 

AU PAIR: Doctors Protest Defense’s Claims on Medical Evidence 


No Extradition 
For Train Robber 

BRASILIA — The "Great Train 
Robber" Ronnie Biggs celebrated 
Wednesday after Brazil’s supreme, 
court rejected a request for his ex-, 
tradition and buried Britain’s hopes 
of ever putting its most famous fu- 
gitive back behind bars. 

“I feel totally elated and relieved *' 
and finally I can get on with the next ■ 1 
phase of my Life." Mr. Biggs said by 
telephone from his home in Rio de 1 
Janeiro. 

The Supreme Federal Tribunal 
ruled unanimously to reject a Brit- „ 
ish request for Mr. Biggs’s extra- 
dition, 34 years after he took part in . 
the legendary robbery of a Glas- ; 
gow-to- London mail train in 1963. 

The supreme court found that, ; 
under Brazilian law, Mr. Biggs V 
involvement in the robbery and his - 
escape from prison were considered ' 
void because they took place more ■■ 
than 20 years ago. 

Mr. Biggs was sentenced to 30 
years for his pan in the robbery (hat 
netted his gang about $50 million by 
today's values. He escaped from a 
prison in 1965 and arrived in Rio de . 
Janeiro in 1970. (Reuters) . 

Opposition Strike . 
Fizzles in Algeria , 


ALGIERS — Most Algerians ap- 


-4- « 


* 



massive fraud in local elections last 
month. 

Ail stores and services in Algiers 
were open for business. Some work- 
ers in Tizi Ouzou, a town about 100 
kilometers (60 miles) east of Al- . 
giers, refused to work, residents said 

by phone. The party of President 
Liamine Zeroual and its allies won ‘ 
most seats in the elections. ( AP ) 

Protest in Brasilia 

BRASILIA — Honking horns 
and blowing whistles, leftist dem- 
onstrators brought the center of the 
Brazilian capital to a standstill 
Wednesday to protest rough budget ' 
cuts the government announced to 
shore up the economy. 

Public servants, union members . . 
and representatives of the landless ' 
criticized President Fernando Hen- 
rique Cardoso, while a poll showed ' 
the majority of Brazilians agreed '• 
that the spending cuts and tax in- - 
creases were necessary. (Reuters) 

For the Record 

Rebels of the Revolutionary 
Armed Forces of Colombia kid- 
napped a Mexican engineer and his 
Colombian colleague as they 
worked on a hydroelectric power 
project in northwest Colombia, the 
police said Wednesday. (Reuters) 


A-'M 


'Mi* 




t 


Mr. True heart reported from Paris 
and Mr. Hoffman from Moscow. 


Sosedhi^teSItoair’ those wh0 IRAQ: Security Council Imposes a Travel Ban on Iraqi Officials Iraqi Violations Rise 

A top Pakistani security official said A a _ 

that Mr. Kansi had repeated the threat to 
his brother during other meetings at the 


his brother during ■ 
jail. Security officials said the individu- 
als who were most likely to cany out 
such u threat were members of Islamic 
fundamentalist groups who sheltered 
Mr. Kansi in Afghanistan daring more 
than four years on the run. Specifically, 
the police said, they suspect one of those 
groups. Harkal ul Ansar, was behind the 
attack Wednesday. 

The Stale Department recently de- 
clared Harkal a terrorist organization 
because of its violent opposition to In- 
dian rule in the mostly Muslim province 
of Jammu and Kashmir. Members of the 
group have undergone military training 
inside Afghanistan at camps situated 
along its border with Pakistan. 

The State Department on Tuesday 
warned Americans in Pakistan and 
around ihe world to take precautions 


Continued from Page 1 


Washington had stepped up military 
preparations against Iraq, and, switching 
from English to Arabic, he pleaded with 
Arab nations not to provide operating 
bases for the United States. 

Mr. Sahhaf said there had been 984 
violations of Iraqi air space since Oct. 
29. the day Iraq announced it would 
expel American inspectors. He said that 
the United States was flying not only U- 
2 aircraft over Iraq but also TR-1 spy 

S lanes, which were used in the Gulf 
/at. 


said, "of tremendous pressures exerted 
on them, of threats they had received, 
even blackmail" 

"This sick resolution is a product of 
American blackmailing," he said, adding 
that die “submission" of the council to 
American will would be temporary. 

Bill Richardson, the chief U.S. rep- 
resentative, described Mr. SahhaTs ex- 
planation as “rubbish.” 

As late as last night, diplomats said, 
French. Russian and Egyptian officials 
were trying to persuade the Iraqis to drop 
their defiance of the United Nations Spe- 
cial Commission, the body charged with 


no hope of seeing sanctions eased or In the ‘No Fly’ Zone 

lifted. Until the Special Commission is 
able to certify that Iraq is free of pro- 



Council and creating a “hysterical at- 
mosphere" at the United Nations. 
Council members had told Iraq, he 


postpones until April 
the regular bimonthly reviews of sanc- 
tions imposed on Iraq after the 1990 
invasion of Kuwait. This means that 
unless Iraq suddenly falls in line, it has 


hibited weapons, a comprehensive em- 
bargo remains in place, with the Iraqis 
permitted to sell only limited amounts of 
oil to raise money forfood, medicine and 
other civilian needs. 

A list of officials who will be pro- 
hibited from international travel will be 
drawn up by the Security Council sanc- 
tions committee dealing with Iraq. 

Iraqis on legitimate diplomatic mis- 
sions will be exempt. 

The resolution allows for die lifting of 
this travel ban if Richard Butler, head of 
the Special Commission, reports to the 
council that Iraq has given inspectors 
‘ ‘ immediate, unconditional and unrestric- 
ted access to any and all areas, facilities, 
equipment, records and me*"* of trans- 
portation which they wish to inspect" 


Reuters 

ANKARA — Baghdad has increased 
violations of the Western-imposed ‘ 'no- 
fly" zone over northern Iraq, prompting 
Washington to beef up its forces at an air 
base in southern Turkey, Turkish and 
Western diplomats said Wednesday. 

"In recent weeks there have been 
more violations," a Western diplomat 
said. “Not a huge amount, but the pat- 
tern is up.” 

An official at the Turkish Foreign Min- 
istry said Washington had sent reinforce- 
ments to the joint U.S. -Turkish Inciriik 
base near the southern city of Adana to 
keep an extra eye on northern Iraq. 

In Baghdad, Foreign Minister Mo- 
hammed Said Sahhaf said U.S. military 
planes had violated Iraqi air space in (he 
north- and south 984 times since Oct 29. 


FUNDS: 

FBI at White House ‘A 

Continued from Page 1 

might interview the president and vice 
president in pursuing separate inquiries, 
and aides to Mr. Clinton and Mr. Gore 
had said the two men would not object. 

"Since Reno is under such pressure to 
appoint an independent counsel from 
Republicans and editorial boards," Mr. 
Mann said, “she is determined to do as 
thorough a job as possible in deciding 
whether that’s called for. This is prudent 
of her.” 

Ms. Reno faced a squall of criticism 
when she rejected on Ocl 3 a request • 
from Republican legislators to seek ap- 
pointment of an independent counsel to 
■ investigate a broad range of allegations 
against Mr. Clinton and Mr. Gore, in- 
cluding bribery and misuse of campaign 
funds. 

That left the Justice Department in- 
vestigation with a narrow focus: die 
question of telephone solicitations, a 
possible violation of an 1883 law. 

That law, the Pendleton Act, was 
aimed at professionalizing the civil ser- 
vice. Among other things, it forbids 
fund-raising on government property. 

It has never before been applied to a 
president or a vice president, and has not 
even reached court since 1954. The 
scanty legal history and conflicting 
Justice Department guidelines leave 
some doubt as to whether it now ap- 
plies. 

“It would be stunning," said Mr. 
Mann, who is director of governmental 
studies at Brookings, "if we had the ap- jf\ 

pointment of an independent counsel " 
based on the possibility of a violation of 
the Pendleton Act — almost laughable." 

If an independent counsel is named, 

Mr. Mann said, "the precedent is for that 
person's mandate to broaden beyond, 
any known bounds." 

Mr. Clinton and Mr. Gore could then 
face questions about more serious al- 
legations, dealing with White House in- 
fluence over Democratic National Com- 
mittee advertising strategies, alleged 
attempts by Chinato influence U.S. elec- 
tions and possible illegal laundering of 
campaign contributions. 

Mr. Gore has said that he did make at 
least 46 calls to solicit donations but 
believed his actions were legal; Mr. 
Clinton said he cannot recall whether he 
had made any calls. 

The allegation that they might have 
made illegal phone calls has failed to / 

arouse much public outcry. Had the same ^ 

calls been made from a comer conveni- 
ence store, some analysts have noted, 
they would have been perfectly legal 


■ *i 


4 



JH 







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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


PAGE 7 


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ness dailies as settings ‘for 
world-famous a«yn iHig of 
love and adventure, or as 
venues for meetings of 
companies and beads of 
state. 


used accommodations shoot- 
ing up^around the globe. - 



Distinctive personalities 
Why do foe weald’s writers;, 
filmmakers, gover nm ents, 
and corporations concentrate 
on only one or two hotels 
when creating their works 
about cities, orplanning their 
official missions or business 
trips to them? 

The answer is foal certain 
hotels have highly distinctive 
personalities, winch express 
and form those of their cit- 
ies. 

This individuality of style 
and look distinguishes them 
from the mass of standard- 


Tbetest of time 
This individuality is a sum of. 
foe traditions produced and 
proven by time. The more 
than 300 hotels belonging to 
The Leading Hotels of the 
World group have been , suc- 
cessfully operating for years, 
decades or even centuries. 
This continuity of successful 
operation 'also characterizes 
foe company that serves as 
foe interf a c e between these 
hotels and foe world's jdisr 
crim mating travelers. 

In 1928, hoteliers repre- 


rocatpm Europe and adjacent 
areas founded “The Luxury 
Hotels of Europe . and 
Egypt” Over the next 69 
yeans; tins trade association 
and mutual referral service. 


foe first of if? kind in the 
world, has -transformed itself 
into a full-fledged hotel ser- 
vices company — The Lead- 
ing Hotels of foe World, 
Ltd. 

The company provides its 
reservation and communica- 
tion services via the ReStar 
system. Now in foe process 

of further modernization, this 
system forms the heart of a 
network that annually pro- 
cesses more than 800,000 re- 
servations (for more than 2.5 
{ million overnight stays) for 
~foe individual hotels’ 92,000 
beds. 

Part of foe Hotel Repre- 
sentative Inc. (HRT) group, 
-The Leading Hotels of foe 
World, Ud. supplies its ho- 
tels with financial, technical, 
marketing and travel-related 
services via IS centers lo- 
cated in 13 major countries 


and from its headquarters in 
New York. 


High-profile guests 
Kings and queers, presidents 
and prime ministers are high- 

profile guests, but there are 
certainly not enough of them 
to support 3 large-sized fa- 
cility and staff throughout foe 
year. Endemically hard-up, 
writes have a tendency to 
describe these hotels, espe- 
cially their lobbies and bare, 
rather to stay in them. 

So who forms foe bulk of 
the Leading Hotels’ pat- 
rons? 

“At our m-city hotels, 80 
percent of our guests are 
business travelers, whose 
reasons for staying arc often 
very rational, rather than ro- 
mantic in nature,” says 
Joseph A. Giacoponcllo, 
president and chief executive 


officer at The Leading Hotels 
of the World. Ltd. 

“Visrtmg business execu- 
tives are, after all, often 
judged by foe hotel at which 
they're putting up. Our hotels 
provide business travelers 
with an impeccable address. 
These hotels also have large- 
sized meeting rooms, mod- 
em communication systems 
and everything else today’s 
business traveler needs and 
expects. All this is backed up 
by the hotels’ flawless, 
friendly service.” 


Corporate Itoadtvnwtara 

747 Third Avenue New York, NY 
10017-2803 United States 
Telj (1 212)78 74 Rax: (1 212) 758 73 67 


fianop—n h—dqi 


Berliner Strasse 44, D60311 Frankfurt/Main 
Germany 

Tel.: (49 69) 38 85 300 Fax: (49 69) 38 85 310 
The Leading Hotels of the Wbrtd's Web site (http:// 
www.lhw.com) presents a complete overview of the 
individual hotels, including enticing pictures, and their 
current packages and special services. The Web site also 
allows for on-line booking and supplies helpful travel tips. 


The lure of romance 
The remaining 20 percent do 
come for foe romance. “For 
many of our guests, our ho- 
tels represent the quintes- 
sence of the glorious past and 
exciting present of London. 
New York. Buenos Aires or 
Capetown,” he says. “A stay 


at our hotel there is thus an 
indispensable part ofbeing in 
theerty.” 

Nearly half of The Lead- 
ing Hotels of the World's 
member establishments 
aren’t located in metropol- 
itan areas at all, but rather on 
isolated tropical islands or in 
pristine ski areas, idyllic 
countryside or dozens of oth- 
er sumptuously attractive, 
unspoiled settings. 


And Common 
Commitment 


: Most of the establishments 
• ‘E belonging to The Leading Ho- 
... fols of the World, Ltd. are in- 
dividually owned. They use the 
. company’s sendees on a non- 
cbmpulsory basis. These facts 
notwithstanding, the member 
hotels are bound by an adher- 
ence to the same ultra-high 
E,.; operating standards, which 
■ f “ >: foe company takes great and 
constant pains to uphold. 

' “It's very difficultto become 
a Leading Hotel.” says Jurgen 
Owcza, the company's vice 
president for Europe, "it’s 
even more difficult to stay 
one." 

; To maintain their member- 
ship, the individual hotels have 
to pass the rigorous quality- 
control checks regularly con- 
ducted on behalf of The Lead- 
ir^g Hotels of the World, Ltd. . 



rri 


V 


As is the case at any of foe 
world's resorts, the guests 
come to these hotels seeking 
relaxation and respite from 
the stress and annoyances of 
daily life. That is precisely 
what they find ar the leading 
hotels. In addition, they are 
offered something even more 
important: the "real” Italy or 
India. Mexico or Cyprus. 

The member resorts rep- 
resent the essentials of their 
countries’ cultures, those 
parts of their civilizations 
that have survived the pas- 
sage of time and been re- 
tained in foe world’s con- 


ioday, 

around the world, 


a new standard in luxury 
is being unveiled. 


For your complimentary copy of the 1998 Directory in English, French, -German, Italian, Spanish 
or Japanese, contact your travel consultant or the nearest reservations center. 


/ 


sciousness. 

The resorts can do this be- 
cause many of their main 
buildings are castles, man- 
sions or clubhouses built and 
furnished during their re- 
gions' defining moments — 
the flowering of political 
power, cultural activity or ex- 
ploration and expansion. The 
resorts' grounds and sur- 
roundings have often been 
left unchanged since the time 
of their inception. 


"The Leading Hotels of 
the World * 1 
produced in its entirety 
by the Advertising 
Deportment 
of the International 
Herald Tribune. 

Writer: Terry Swanzberg 
is based in Munich. 

Program Director: 
Bill Mahder. 



1 1 MIS: , 


. P 


i ■■ 


The only thing comparable about 

c IhffJeadwffHotels of theFWbrld ' 


is that they are all moompataUe 


Rcccr-.c your Ire.:* copy 
of our quanerh ncos 
brochure u-imy 
Dc>riiuu: 0 j: hy cilhru; 
one oh the telephone 
PLirnbcrs bck.ro. 


Evtan Domalne du Royd CMa 
Evfcn - Hate* Royol 


Mc» Hotel Neaweco 
I do cation 


VanleeUdo Hotel ExceMor 

Vtoona Due Ibat Hotel Ba^ori 


Pom Hotel del 

Hotel Le Bristol 
Hotel Metrics 
H*tel Haza Ath*n6« 
HoMRKz 

St.-Jean- 

. Cop-fenat Hotel Royd RMera 
SL-Tropw Hotel Bytfc-s 
G ermany - 

Baden-Baden Brenners ParifrHotal ft 
Spo ’ 

BadervBaderV 

BOril Schkrahotel BOhlerhChe 

Boctenwvriter 

(Black Fared) Hotel Rdmortxxl 

Berta Grand Hotel Esplanade 
IHotel Adton 


Luxembourg 

Luxembourg Ctty Hotel Le Royal 


Monaco 

Monte Colo HCteidePati 

Norway 

Oeo Hotel Continental 

Poland 

Wo aw Hotel Bristol 

Portugal 

AJgarva. 

Armogdo de Rftra Hotel VBa VBa Parc 


Jusr as each worldly destination offers 
the traveler different pleasures to 
delight in, so does each member of 


Karngtasldl 


KtorrgMd 


Hotel Bristol 


A #/F 7 

So, while one of The Leading Hotels 
mighr offer a selection of twelve 


different bed pillows to sleep on, 
niehr heat die bath towels 


another might 

to a measured 78 degrees. 

Such dedication to perfecting the an 
of hospicalhy comes as no surprise. 
After all, any Leads** Hendon be 
finder rhe scrutiny ofour appointed 
ream of inspectors at any time. 

No wonder the only thing more 
difficult than achieving Leading Hotel 
status is maintaining it. 


Schtasrtiotei Vto» 

* JataMastfen 
Bremen Parti Hotel 
Coioaie Excedar Hotel Ernst 
Dresden KafflpMd Hotel 

Tdsehenbeigpciab 

Dresden 

DOsseWart Hotel Breldenbacher Hot 
Frankfurt 

am Meta Hotel Hessfccher Hot 
Frankfurt/ 

Wiesbaden Hotel NcssauarHaf 
Freiburg Cotorrtbl Hotel 
Hcinbusg Hotel Vfler Johresutten 
KemphUd Hotel AJtanrte 
Hamburg 

Heideberg Der EuppObche Hcil - 
Holer Euopa 
KanipiniU Hotel 
FOrnenhotf I 

Munich 


LfiipdO 


ISf* 


KemptraM Hotel Vler 
JorireazBiten Mtmchen 


Algarve. 

OUhtodoLago Hotel QuMo do Logo 
Lisbon Hotel da tapa 
Lbbon/Estort Hotel FUacb 
LttKxvSbrtra Caesar Pert Penha 
Longa Goir & Resort 
ladeka. Funchal Refers Hotel 

ftmlo 

Moscow Kenromed Hotel 

QaHrachuQ Modcou 
St. Petersburg Grand Hofei Europe 
Scotland 

Auchterarder Gleneagtos 
Edhbugh TheBctarord 

7heCatodor*an 
Tumbeny Tumbony Hotel. Goff 
CousssondSpa 
Spain 

B a eelona Husa Palace 

Rey Jwxi Carlos 1 
Estepora Los Dunas Beach 
Hotel end Spa 
Hotel La BobacBa 
Hotel ua 
Paoce how 
H otel B^os Andatu* 
Hotel Bon vfcfci 

Mortaeki Hotel Puente Romano 
Marbelo Club Hotel 


Syria 

Aleppo Chohbo ChamPctoce 
Danascva Cham Palace 

Ebia Chan Palace 
Unffed Arab Emirates 
Abu Dhabi Beach Hotel 

Dubai Al Burton Itatcro Hotel 

Jobe! A 1 Hotel 
The Royal Abfar Hotel 

Kenya 

Mombasa Serena Beach Hotel 
Nairobi Nakobl Serena Hotel 
The Norton Hotel 

Mauritius 

Grand Bale RoydPcSm 

Morocco 

Monokech La MomouNa 

South Africa 

Cope Town Mount Nefcon Hotel 
Duban The Royd 
Johannesburg Mlchoteangaks 

The WestdmHotel 
lUnMa 

Carthage The Resfetenco-Tune 
Zimbabwe 
Horcra MeMes 
Austnrila 

Brisbane TheHerttage 
Haymon Wond Hayman 

Metooume Rocfcman’s Regency 
Hotel 

The Windsor 

Sydney The Observatory Hotel 
The SeOel of Sydney 


Malaysia 

Kuala Lumpur Hotel Istana 

Langkawi Pelangl Beach Retort 
Penang Penang Muttaro Beach 


lurbeny Me Retort & Club 


Pakistan 

Karachi Peal Continental Hotel 
: of China 
I Hotel 


Florida 

Arentuo. 

N. Miami 
Miami/ 

FfcherMond The Faher Wend Club 
Naples The RtttCamon 
Pam Beach TheBrsakm 


Atlanta 


Kemplrgki Holrtaergng 


Georteo 

ThaRtb-Cariton. 

Buckhead 


Luttonhansai 
The Palace Hofei 
Guangzhou 

(Canton) WhtfeSwan Hotel 
Shanghd Gordon Hotel Shanghai 
Shortftol JC Mandarin 
The weshn Tal Ping YOng 


HonoMu. Ochu 


KapoteL 
WestOtnu 
Kohcsa Coast. 
Hawaii 


Hatokukm 
KahcSa Mondann 
Oriental. Hawd 


hflem Resort & Spa 


Mania Mandarin Oriental 
The Peninsula 


Singapore 
tty The Mane 


Singapore CHy TheMandorti 

Marina Mondorm 
The Oneniol 

Taiwan 

lapel The Rttz Hotel 
The Sherwood 
Thailand 

Bangkok The Dustt Thanl 
The Oriental 

Cho-Am/Hua Hin Dusit Resort and Polo 
duo 

Krabi Dutf Rayowxtee Resort 
Hotel 


French Polynesia 

Sora Bora Lagoon Resort 


Phuket DuriMoguna Resort Hotel 

lenbchli 


Bora Boro Borol 


Staaf Thanl/ 


Phuket" 


i Club 


Hong Kong 

mg The Excels 


Hong Kong lfie Eycefctoi 

Mcmartn Orienfd 
The RHz-Cartton 
Kowtoar The Penmia 

The Royal Garden 

Indta 

Bcrradcm TheObwoi 

The TO) west End 
Calcutta The Oberel Grand 
Tc« Bengal 

Goa The Leela Beach Goa 
rAr Obecoi Hotel 


KohSomul Boon Toing Noam. 

Tdorm Oriental 


Granad o/Loja 

MPioga/Mtas 
. ■ Maaoraa 


Costa 


S'Agcr*. 
□ Brava 


The 


There are 310 members of 


in 68 countries, on six continents. 
Discover for yourself wby each b°“ 
b sometiung of ^ a. destination in itsdi. 


Greece 

Athens Hotel Grande Bretagne 
Crate EfeuvJa Beach Hotel 
ond Vilas 
Holland 

Amsterdam Hofei de rEurope 
Hotel Ofcura 


HostcS d« la Gavrina 
'.Scntander Hotel Rod 

SbvDb Hotol Attdnto XM1 

Sevte/ 

Saniuccr la Mayor Hotel Hacenda 
Benazuza 


Jaipur Rt*rUas-An Obetoi Hair 
Modes TpT Coromandel Hotel 
Mumbai TheObaol 

Taj Mohol Hotel 
New Delhi TheObeioi 

The Tq Mahal Hotel 
fajPMace Hotel 
Indonesia 

Bert Bal moertai Hotel 

NusaDuaBeat* Hotel 
The Obtirol 
The Rttr-Carton 
Jakarta Mcndoite Oriental 
Lombok TheOberd 


Japan 

Kyoto Kyoto 
Th® 


Sweden 

Stockholm Grand H 6 tel 


ion Hotel 


Hrach 


Austria 

Sdzburg Hotel' 

He™ 

FtachO i^ScHswftfchi 

«d nw) JJW Hggy ?** 

Vienna 

Hotel mpertal 
Hotel Sac/wr 


Budaped 


Hotel CarvinuB 


l lfl pwri 

Outrun Baketey Coat Hotel 

‘ WedbuyHotttl 

Udy 


BruBOli^^SwindJOf Hotel 

Croatia . 

2096 b Hotel Eipten** 

Hotel • • • 

Denmark t 


' 8 °S3 

CemobWo. 
Lake Como 


Grand Hotel Baalonl 
Cxfiiana 


Guard Hotel < 


norence/Hesole 

Hownce 


Iscrto 

.won 


ueruiKHK 

Copenhagen Hote itf Anpletorre 




London in® ®r ,n T" 

The Connaught 
The Dorchester 


Park 

The Savoy 


. MontecatW 
Terms 
Naplo* 
Portofino 
Portoftro/SOTta 

Rome 


VBa rfEste Grand Hotel 
& Sporting Club 
Hotel VHoSon Mteheto 
Grand Hotel 
Grand Hotel Via Medd 
How Regency ■ 

Grand HoAd Pinto 
MolnoTerme 
Excetakx HdW GoOa 
Grand HoteTet «te MTOn 
Hotel Palace 
Hotel FTJndpo tfl Smota 


Grand Hotel * la Pobe 
Grand Hotel Vesuvio 
Hotef SplendWo 


Tgpiow CBveden 

Dnfand 

HeitHd Sotos HotetHseP ** 0 
Ccnnes 

Courchevel Byb*» dtHNetg« 


Sen Romo 

.SadMa 

Casta Smercrido 


Otord Hotel Meomxe 
LsSkenure 

Afekauondl Periaoe Hotel 

HotoEden 

Hotel Haarir* Via Mseflet 
Hotol Lord Byron 
LeGrcnd Hotel 
Rovoi Hater 


Switzerland 

Bad RoQoe Grand Hotel Ouelenhtrf 
bS 5 Hotel DtelKOnlge am 
Rh eh 

Berne Gouer Hotel 
Schwoterhof 
Hotel flBflovue Poksce 
Park Hotel 
Hotel desBergues 
Holei du Rhflne 
LeRtehBmond 

Grinds***! Grand heist Regha 
Gdaad Gnood Palace Hotel 
Meriaken Victoria Jwigfrau Grand 
Hotel SSpa 

. Kandesteg Royot Hotel .BeOevue 
Uuonne BoauRhoge Pataca 
ICjuscnrie Poiace 
Lucerne Pciace Hotel Luzem 
Sptendfele Royal 
Le Mfrodor Resort ard 
Spa 

Montou* LeMonheui POace 
St. Moritz Badtutt’i Periace Hotel 
KUm Hotel 
Suvtertc House 

Zermatt Seier Hotel Mont Cervtn 
* and Reodenoe 
Seler Hotel Monte Rasa 
Zurich BauraiLoc 

Doldef Grand Hotel 

Turkey 

btonbul 7hft Bttphorui 

Qragan Palace Hotss 
KempnsktWcwxi 


Nogaafd Hotel I . . 

Osaka Hotel New Otonl 
The impend 
ThePteJ 

Tokyo DcMchl Hotel Tokyo 
Fou Seasons Hotel. 

Chnaavso 
Hotel Okua 
imperial Hotel 
Korea 

Seoul The Shlla Seoul . 
Macau 

Macau Hotel Bela Vtsta 
Mcndarm Oriental 


Mondorm i 
Sarfliburi Dusri Rosort 

Vietnam 

Hanoi Honor Daewco Hotel 
Canada 

Montreal Rttz-Cartion Kemplmld 
Montreal 

Toronto King Edward Hotel 
Vancouver The Pen Pacrilc Hotel 
Mexico 

CotcCsi CamlnoReci . 

Rarta Americana 
Condesa 
The Rttz-Cartion 
Manzon«D Las Hadas Resort 
Mexico City Carono Red 

Hotel Mcoquls Retorma 

United States of America 
Arizona 

Scottsdale The Phoenician 

Scottsdale Princess 
CaWomta 
BeW\lr Hotel BeMJr 
Beverly Ws The Beverly HBs Hotel 
ThePeninsida 
The Regent Beverly 
WftMre 

Carlsbad La Costa Resort and Spa 
Laguna Mguel The RHj-Cartton 
Los Angeles The Rrtz-Corflon. Marine 
del Ray 

PoJmSpmgs Gtvenchy Hotel & Spo 
Son Francsco Mondorm Onentol 
The KreCartton 

Santa Momeo Shutters on the Beach 
District d Columbia 
Washington. DC- The Carlton 

The Watergate Hotel 


The Orcred at Mauna 
Lam 

Wariea. Maui Grand Wdlea Resort. 
Hotel SSpa 
LouWcra 

NewOcteans Wmcbor Court hotel 
Ma ssa chusetts 
Boston The Pttz-Cariton 
New York 

Mew York The Hensley Park lane 
Hotel 

Hotel Ptaro AtMneA 
Hotel Westbuy 
The Marie 

The New York Palace 
The Pednsda 
Tho Pierre 
The St Reds 
The Wlfcridorf towers 
Weil Virginia 
White Sulphur 

Springs The Greenoner 
Argentina 

k ANear Palace Hotel 

Caesar Park 

Brazil 

Hotel liensam&rica 

Caesar Perk Hotel 
>p ammo 

Copocobana Pdace 
Hotel 

SPO Paula Caesar Pork 

The Mdooud Plaza 

Chfle 

Hotel Carrera 

Colombia 

Bogota Hotel Bogota Royd 
Costa Rica 
San Jos6 Camkra Red 
Ecuador 


Buenos Akes 


Ifrvkis. Bahia 
RtodeJaneko 


Sontlogo 


Guayaqul Hotel Ora Verde 
Quito Hotel Oro Verde 


Peru 

Lima Hold Oro Sferde 

Batoados 

Si. James Sandy Lore Hotel 
French West Indies 
Lasomonna Si. Martin 

Grenadines 

Petit St. vmcent Pent Si Vincent Resort 

Puerto Skro 

LaiCioabca El Conquistador Resort & 
Country Club 

San Juan El San Juan Hotel & 
Casino 


St. Barttwriemy 

Grand Cd de Soc Hotel Guanaham 


West Indies 

Barbuda KCtub 


Uigono 

Monf-KHerin 


For icscnaiions ar any of ! 

hordi *r*y rfyyinn office faeri I 

■ North America 
Unted Slates. 

Canada. Puerto Boo ft 


UJhVn Ponds 
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UMtraiana Group* 
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fteljarta South America 

OBDCKQ^l 1-23 Id tee 
Ireland 

1-fltXMOMUMIree 


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Europe 
AUMa 

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Malaysia 

l^ooio- race toi two 
ft» (C 6 J W/3S7 


Beidutn 

MtwTil 


Venice 


Aketo* 


ChormeLos 


Hotel CdsadMblpe 
Hotel Rornozzbo . 
P U ita o 

fiausr GruriMdd 
HoW OpriciN & PafenzD 
Vdndiarnin 


Cairo 




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Hotel 4 Casino 
Israel 

jeftBoJem King David Hotel 
Tel Aviv Dan Tel AW 


Asia 


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PAGE 8 


THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


EDITORIALS/OPINION 


Herald 


INTERNATIONAL 


niMJSHKD WITH THE HEW TOOK TWRS AND THE WASHINGTON rOST 


Unite Against Baghdad 


inb uilt Don’t Forget That Globalization Creates Losers , Too 


P ARIS — Congress’s refusal to give 
new “fast-track" trade negotiation 


. The UN Security Council has a 
timely opportunity to erase the dam- 
aging impression of division and weak- 
ness it crated last month when it failed 
to punish Iraq for obstructing the work 
of muxmuioiial weapons inspectors. 

It can do so by approving a new 
American-sponsored resolution to re- 


keep open the option of future military 
action zn defense of UN authority. 

The administration should also con- 
sider reviving its efforts to encourage 
political opposition within Iraq. The 
most realistic assumption, however, is 
that Mr. Saddam will not be removed 
from power anytime soon. Thai means 


a pause in which to think again about die 
Clinton administration's headlong drive 
for global trade deregulation. 

It is a program inspired by corporate 
business and what currently is the con- 
ventional wisdom in the economic 
policy community. It is promoted with 
arguments that too often combine a 
certain economic utopianism with a 
notable blindness to the social con- 
sequences of deregulation. 


vestigatums into Baghdad’s secret 
missile-building efforts and its bio- 
logical, chemical and nuclear-weapons 
programs. 

Approving the resolution, which 
would impose no new suffering on 
innocent Iraqi civilians, would signal 
Saddam Hussein that every attempt to 
shake off legitimate UN scrutiny will 
be met with tighter diplomatic iso- 
lation of his regime. 

France and Russia, which refused to 
support identical travel restrictions last 
month, now seem to have changed their 
minds as a consequence of Iraq's es- 
calating campaign of int e rfe r ence with 
the inspectors. With the UN's having 
rightly refused to buckle to Baghdad’s 
demands that Americans be excluded 
from the anns-inspection teams, the 
weapons-monitoring and investigation 
effort has virtually ground to a twit. 

Increased diplomatic pressure is the 
right first response to Mr. Saddam's 
latest provocation. But given the Iraqi 
leader’s long record of defying both the 
arms inspectors and the Security Coun- 
cil, Washington and its allies must also 


Prance and Russia, eager for oil 
deals with Iraq, have taken a short- 
sighted view of their own best in- 
terests. Yet their continued support, as 
well as that of Turkey and pro- western 
Arab countries like Egypt, is crucial to 
any diplomatic strategy toward Iraq. 

The Clinton administration should 
give a sensitive hearing to these coun- 
tries’ points of view and, where pos- 
sible, accommodate them. One envi- 
ous place to do so would be to reaffirm 
the Security Council's willingness to 
consider an end to oil sanctions once 
Baghdad fully satisfies its disarma- 
ment obligations, including the estab- 
lishment of a trustworthy system of 
long-term monitoring. 

While many Americans are under- 
standably frustrated by the ambiguous 
positions taken by some former Gulf 
War allies, the real problem is Mr. 
Saddam and his efforts to acquire ter- 
roristic weapons. The right response is 
to rebuild the widest possible coalition 
to enforce UN disarmament and in- 
spection requirements. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


sequences of dereginauoo. 

Mr. Clinton withdrew his trade bill 
because public opinion in the United 
States, as expressed to Congress, was 
against it. This was not simply a matter 
of protectionist sentiment. 

There has been a growing recog- 
nition even among those who support 
globalization, as Dani Rodrik of Har- 
vard’s Kennedy School put it in an 
important study published earlier this 
year (by Washington's Institute for In- 
ternational Economics), that globali- 
zation must be made “compatible with 
domestic social and political stability." 
We must be sure "that international 
economic integration does not contrib- 
ute to domestic social disintegration." 
This is not a fanciful concern. 

Globalization, he says, has exposed 
"a deep fault line between groups 
who have the skills and mobility to 
flourish in global markets and those 
who either do not have these advan- 
tages or perceive the expansion of un- 
regulated markets as inimical to social 


By William Pfaff 


stability and deeply held norms." 

Mr. Rodrik is concerned with the 
domestic American scene, but of 
course globalization’s effects are often 
much more severe in countries without 
the industrial culture, sophistication 
and wealth of toe United States. 

In July, Rubens Ricupero, the head of 
Unctad, the United Nations Conference 
on Tfade and Development, presented 
some of the findings of his organi- 
zation’s 1997 report, which show an 


between the leading economies and the 
developing ones, and 1 ’widening gaps’ ' 
between the newly industrialized econ- 
omies and other developing countries. 

He said that "wage inequality be- 
tween skilled and unskilled labor is 
now a global trend. The ‘hollowing 
out' of the middle class is a feature of 
income distribution in many countries. 
Increased job and income insecurity 
have become widespread characteris- 
tics of the global economy.” 

These are among the reasons why Mr. 
Clinton’s ambition to extend NAFTA to 
tbe Southern Hemisphere was rebuffed 
in October, when the president visited 
Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela. 

He ran into a ferocious defense of the 
South Americans’ own limited free- 
trade grouping, Mercosur (a customs 
union of Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, 
and Paraguay, with Bolivia and Chile 
associated). The United States was 


seen as attempting to destroy Mercosur 
by merging it into a larger trade group- ’ 
mg in which South American interests 
could be ignored. 

The South Americans are unwilling 
to open up their markets to NAFTA on 
U.S. teems, since they do not believe that 
they will enjoy a compensating export 
advantage from free trade with die 
United States. They are reluctant to ex- 
pose themselves to die social con- 
sequences of market integration with the 
dynamic and sophisticated North Amer- 
ican economies. What has happened in 
Mexico does not reassure them. 

Mr. Clinton was also seen as med- 
dling politically by lifting a 20-year- 
old U.S. embargo and allowing the 
export of advanced fighter aircraft to 
Chile, and by declaring Argentina a 
“majornon-NATO ally of the United 
States, a designation giving Argentina 
access, to surplus American arms, an act 
interpreted as hostile to Brazil. 

President Carlos Sadi Menem’s faith- 
ful support for U.S. policy initiatives 
had won Argentina this doubtful ac- 
colade, but Argentine voters a few days 
later delivered a stunning blow to Mr. 
Menem' sPeronist party -in legislative 
elections, largely because of anxieties 
over the consequences of Argentina’s 
privatizations and market opening, and 

perceived 

today, even by Mr. Menem, as having 
relaunched an aims race in Latin Amer- 
ica. The argument, which is' true, that 
this had more to do with pressure from 


U.S. aircraft manufacturers than with 
any Machiavellian official intentions, 
has simply under lined the dangers in 
increased economic intimacy with the 
United States. 

The bottom line is that market de- 
regulation profits powerful economic 
actors, private and political. That is 
why die Clinton administration and the 
principal corporate actors in the United 
States like it 

But the success of the powerful can 

make others losers. 

* There is an increasing reaction in 
countries where the public believes it- 
seff victimized or threatened and also in 
certain intellectual and political circles 
in the United Stales and elsewhere. 

Mr. Ricupero has been attempting to 
stimulate constructive debate within 
his UN agency in Geneva. The Swedish 
government has just sponsored a major 
international conference called "Inter- 
national Solidarity and Globaliza- 
tion," with Asian, Latin American and 
African participation. 

Mr. Rodrik cites tbe experience of the 
late 19th and early 20th centuries, when 
low tariffs and the gold standard (a form 
of single currency) promoted an earlier 
"globalization” ofNorth American and 
European economies. Its excesses and 
abuses contributed to the world crisis 
that followed, and to the post-1918 re- 
treat into global protectionism and 
eventual depression. Ignorance and ar- 
rogance could make that happen again. 

International Herald Tribune. 

© Los Angeles Times Syndicate. 


With Trade Vote Debacle, Old Democrats Rout the New 


The case of a British au pair accused 
of shaking to death an 8-month-old baby 
in Massachusetts transfixed at least two 
nations. U.S. and British networks 
scrambled tocover the climactic judicial 
ruling Monday, and Web sites carrying 
the judge's text were overloaded with 
cybervisitors. This was obviously a mat- 
ter that resonated beyond tbe grief of one 
Newton, Massachusetts, household. 

In the case itself, we think Superior 
Court Judge Hiller B. Zobei got it 
mostly right when he reduced Louise 
Woodward’s conviction from second- 
degree murder to involuntary man- 
slaughter. Miss Woodward's lawyers 
had presented the jury with a no- 
middle-ground choice between murder 
and innocence, gamhlipg that they 
could beat the rap altogether. They lost; 
the jury, on tbe strength of persuasive 
evidence that Miss Woodward had 
treated Matthew Eappen roughly, voted 
for murder. But Judge Zobei rightly 
concluded that she should not suffer for 
her lawyers' miscalculated gamble, 
though she concurred, in it A. .judge 
must correct a miscarriage of justice, fie 
wrote, regardless of its cause. 

More troubling was his decision to 
free Miss Woodward immediately, in 
the interest of achieving a "compas- 
sionate conclusion." We say this not 
because the defendant expressed no 
remorse; it is her right to maintain her 
innocence. Nor can she be blamed for 
the disgusting spectacle of her sup- 
porters popping champagne corks, as 
if a sports contest and not the death of 
an infant were at issue, nor for the 
unseemly and lucrative offers to buy 
her "story." 

But a unanimous jury and a judge 
both concluded, after listening to ev- 
idence from both sides, that Miss 
Woodward was guilty of actions dial 
caused a baby's death. Even if she was 
young and confused, as Judge Zobei 
maintained, consequences should flow 
from the abuse sue committed. In a 
state where manslaughter normally car- 


ries a three- to five-year sentence, her 
punishment of 279 days in jail before 
and during her trial seems inadequate. 

Miss Woodward's case has raised 
questions about the au pair program 
under which she came to the United 
States. It needs to be said first that most 
of die 12,000 foreigners working in 
America as au pairs perform their duties 
diligently. It also seems true, however, 
that die young women (aged 18 to 26) 
who come far one year under the gov- 
ernment-sponsored program often have 
different expectations from their hosts. 
The women expect an introduction to 
America, a cultural program, a bit of 
adventure; their host families are look- 
ing far inexpensive, live-in child care. 
When U.S. officials proposed tighten- 
ing standards and limiting working 
hours after a similar tragedy three years 
ago, more than 3,500 families sent let- 
ters complaining about the higher costs 
that would have been the result. 

That response speaks to die larger 
issue, of which au pairs form only a tiny 
part. Many; people criticized Matthew 
Eappen ’s parents for entrusting him to 
an inexperienced baby sitter, but most 
mothers of young children today are in 
the work force, many by dint of eco- 
nomic necessity, others because they . 
find satisfaction both in careers and in 1 
family life. The U.S. government is in/ 
the midst of forcing thousands more to 1 
find some form of child care as they 
lose welfare payments and take jobs. 

Yet most of the 3 million child-care 
workers in the United States receive 
little or no training; one- third are paid 
tbe minimum wage; half will quit their 
jobs this year. And U.S. immigration 
law, which allows companies to spon- 
sor foreigners with special skills, does 
not consider child care one such skill 
Millions of parents, in other words, 
believe they face a choice between 
the unacceptable and the intolerable. 
That is why the Eappen case hit so 
close to home. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


W ASHINGTON — The 
"new" Democrats have 
been routed by the old. The 
Democratic Party is now 
America's Labor Party. Dick 
Gephardt has replaced A1 Gore 
as front-runner for the Demo- 
cratic nomination in 2000. 

Surely the man in the White 
House will have his successes, 
and his chosen successor's 
name recognition will main- 
tain Gore poll ratings. But the 
chickens of tri angulation are 
coming home to roost. 

What a spectacle: The Oval 
Office aim-twister himself, and 
all the president's men, were 
unable to get more than one in 
four House Democrats to give 
him "fast-track" authority to 
negotiate trade deals without 
congressional amendment 
Symbolically, the left wing of 
the House, behind Mr. Geph- 
ardt the minority leader, rose 
up and declared its abhorrence 
of the middle of die road. 

John Sweeney, boss of the 
AFL-CIO, made it happen.' He 
proved he had die money, the 


By William Safire 


troops and the clout within the 
Democratic Party to call the 
shots. One tactical Clinton 
blunder was to blurt out the 
truth about Mr. Sweeney’s 
domination: "I wish we could 
have a secret vote in tbe Con- 
gress — we'd pass it 3 or 4 to 
1." This was rightly taken by 
insulted House Democrats to 
mean their votes were sold for 
union money or cast in fear of 
union punishment. 

Another Clinton blunder 
was to become the fim pres- 
ident to let his all-or-nothing 
trading power lapse, delaying 
the vote last year lest it conflict 
with his No. 1 priority: getting 
re-elected. He subordinated all 
other considerations to his per- 
sonal political interest. 

Now we come to the strategic 
blunder. Much has been made 
of President Clinton's political 
brilliance in responding to the 
1994 debacle by moving to die 
center, adopting the Republi- 
cans’ balanced-budget goal, 


stealing the opposition’s cloth- 
ing by putting trade ahead of 
human rights. 

But to what end? Mr. Clin- 
ton in the first year of his 
second term is like George 
Bush in the last year of his only 
term: an exhausted volcano. 
The Comeback Kid, having 
left his political home, has no 
place to come back to. 

By straddling the fence; by 
being liberal on affirmative ac- 
tion while taking conservative 
positions on crime; by escalat- 
ing class war while abandoning 
New Deal entitlements; by en- 
shrining deficit reduction while 
ducking on Medicare and So- 
cial Security reform; by rattling 
die saber at Saddam while neg- 
lecting U.S. missile defenses — 
the most pro-choice president 
has stripped Americans of then- 
choice of directions. 

Centrism is fine when it is 
the result of competing in- 
terests. Thesis; antithesis; syn- 
thesis. But centrism is vapid 


when it is the suffocator of in- 
terests, seeking to please rather 
than striving to move. Mr. Clin- 
ton's approach, in most cases, 
has been to follow the primrose 
path of polling down die 
middle: His motto has become 
a firm “there must be no com- 
promise with compromise.*' 

That’s why we right-wing- 
ers, though saddened by tius 
setback to free trade, welcome 
the emergence of die Demo- 
Labor Party. It has an ideality, 
even a soul; it knows where it 

stands and is willing to talm 

that principled stand, and it is 
a loser. 

Demo-Labor is a loser, that 
is, in national elections that 
offer choices on the economics 
of redistribution, or the politics 
of central control, or the folly 
of multilateralism. 

But Demo-Labor can be a 
winner in primary elections in 
the party of the left It has the 
money and tire bodies, while 
Bill Clinton's self-absorption 
has bankrupted tbe party and 
decimated its roster of elected 


officials. (In terms of electoral 
results in Congress and state- 
houses, Mr. Clinton is the best 
Democratic president. die Re- 
publicans have ever had.) 

What’s next? Having estab- 
lished his dominance, Mr. . 
Sweeney will go underground. 
Having shown Mr. Clinton his ■ 
impotence, Democrats in Con- . 
gress — especially Mr. Gep- - 
fiardt — will now feed the duck . 
lim ping around the White 
House with great deference. 

That will be a charade, of ' 
course; the power has passed. 
The coattail-free president - 
with the nontransferable pop- _ 
ularity has been outbid, and his 
displeasure no longer strikes - 
fear in the Democratic ranks. 

Mr. Sweeney's Demo-Labor 
task now is to attract urbanists, 
greens, minorities and espe- .. 
dally women; to secure bed- - 
fellowship with Perot-Butih- 
ananites. and to find an attrac- 
tive lefty who can play die 
centrist without actually sell- 
ing out 

The New York Tunes. 


Waiting Out Saddam Could Be a Lethally Risky Gamble 


Other Comment 


W ASHINGTON — Amer- 
ican policymakers as- 
sume tfrnr Saddam Hussein can 
be reasoned with or intimidated 
into backing down because he is 
frightened of U.S. force. The 
assumption is flawed twice 
over. Mr. Saddam cannot afford 
to be reasonable or intimidated. 
And it is not the United States 
that frightens him. 

Iran frightens the Iraqi dic- 
tator. The ayatollahs have spent 
a decade rebuilding an army 
that today could defeat Iraq and 
finish the Persians' savage, in- 
terrupted war with their Arab 


By Jim Hoa^and 


neighbor. The weapons of ter- 
ror that Mr. Saddam hides from 
UN inspection are to him his 
ultimate means of survival 
While he savors the thought 
of using biological and chem- 
ical weapons on Israel and the 
United States for revenge, Mr. 
Saddam does not see the Clin- 
ton administration as a mortal 
threat. Washington gives him 
room to maneuver, so he peri- 
odically takes it Iraq’s continu- 
ing frustration of UN inspec- 
tions at moments of its choice 


*We Can Do Better’ 

Four years ago we met for an historic 
debate on trade. Congress approved 
NAFTA on that day but failed to protect 
worker rights, food safety and the en- 
vironment. Since then, we’ve watched 
NAFTA take its toll. In Michigan a 
little girl named Lindsey almost died 
from hepatitis she got from earing con- 
taminated Mexican strawberries. 

In Florida, hundreds of tomato fann- 
ers have lost their forms thanks to 
growers in Mexico who .undercut them 
with child labor and illegal pesticides. 
In Texas, foe tones paying workers $6 
an hour closed up shop and moved 
across the Rio Grande, where they 
hired workers for 10 times less. 

Fast-track supporters are telling us 
to ignore existing problems, repeat the 
mistakes of the past and vote to expand 


a trade policy that’s failing on both 
sides of the border. 

I met two weeks ago in a visit I took to 
... Mexico with Rosa Maria Gonzalez, 
who works in a state-of-the-art factory 
making circuit boards — but lives in a 
cardboard shack next to a sewage canal 
She makes 59 cents an hour — 

The industrial park where she works 
is home to some of the familiar cor- 
porations of the world: Ford, General 
Motors, General Electric. These mod- 
ern, profitable factories ... embody the 
broken promises for NAFTA: lower 
wages, a dirtier environment and few 
benefits for anybody but the economic 
elite. That’s not fair, that's not right 
and we can do better. 

— Representative David Bonior. 
Democrat of Michigan, speaking at a 
press conference. His remarks were 
excerpted in The Washington Post. 


What to Do About Iraq 

T HE CLINTON administra- Mr. Saddam's dii 
Lion has been reluctant to Iraqis in general feel 


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T HE CLINTON administra- 
tion has been reluctant to 
declare Saddam Hussein's re- 
moval a goal of U.S. policy and 
as a result has failed to develop 
a serious strategy for achieving 
that goal. Some of the erosion of 
the anti-Saddam coalition can 
be attributed to fatigue ami the 
effects of time, but much is- also 
related to tbe fact that U.S. part- 
ners do not see U.S. policy lead- 
ing anywhere. 

Indeed, anticipating that Mr. 
Saddam will outlast the coali- 
tion, many of America’s partners 
are protecting themselves by ac- 
commodation, as some of the 
weaker Gulf countries are doing, 
or preparing to profit, like the 
French, Russians and Chinese. 

Mr. Saddam is now in a 
stronger position than he was 
five years ago. The Iraqi op- 
position is weak. The resolve of 
U.S. allies is faltering, and with 
it support for sanctions. 

It is not too late to reverse Mr. 
Saddam’s ascent But doing so 
will require more than pinprick 
military strikes or continued and 
perhaps enhanced sanctions. 
The United States should instead 
consider a comprehensive new 
strategy aimed at promoting a 
change of regime m Baghdad. 
Military action will need to be a 
part, but only a pan and not die 
main part ori such a strategy. 

First, what is needed most is a 
redefinition of policy. Not just a 
continuation of sanctions and 
inspections, but the removal of 
Mr. Saddam’s regime. 

Second, the military strategy 
must be accompanied by a polit- 
ical strategy that supports an al- 
ternative regime. America 
should encourage the revival of 
die Iraqi opposition. Many 
groups and most Iraqis oppose 


Mr. Saddam's dictatorship. 
Iraqis in general feel they have 
the worst possible outcome from 
the Gulf War ■ — sanctions and 
Saddam. To help the Iraqi 
people, America should develop 
international support for a viable 
governmeut-in-exile. This gov- 
ernment should have controlled 
access to frozen Iraqi assets. 

Thud, Mr. Saddam’s rule 
must be delegitimized. He 
should be indicted as a war crim- 
inal. He should not be treated as 
the ruler of Iraq. America should 
mala*, it clear that contracts 
signed with his regime are not 
legally valid and that he will 
sever be permitted to sell the oil 
that people are now contracting 
for. Companies that want to de- 
velop Iraq’s enormous oil wealth 
should line up with the govern- 
ment of free Iraq instead. 

Fourth, America should 
provide military protection for 
Iraqi units defecting to the gov- 
emment-in-exile. If Mr. Saddam 
persists in his opposition to UN 
inspections, America should be 
prepared to take strong and sus- 
tained but discriminating mil- 
itary action against the regime's 
coimnand-and-control appara- 
tus, including some of his new 
palaces, air defenses, elite mil- 
itary units and security forces. 

Fifth, U.S. strategy should be 
closely coordinated with region- 
al allies, especially Turkey. Tur- 
key must be assured that it will 
have a major say in how thin g s 
unfold and that the strategy mil 
not lead to a separate Kurdish 
state on Turkey's borders. 

— Zalmay Khalilzad and 
Paul Wotfovritz, Defense 
Department officials in the 
Bush administration, 
commenting in The 
Washington Post. 


is the current case in point.- 

Mr. Saddam has watched this 
White House repeatedly back 
away from serious military 
strikes against him and then 
abandon meaningful covert ac- 
tion in Iraq. "Saddam under- 
stands that Washington is not 
committed to ousting him,” 
says a senior Arab diplomat 
with long experience in Iraq. 
“Others are. 

This explains why the Iraqi 
dictator has passed up $100 bil- 
lion in oQ revenue over the past 
six years rather than give UN 
inspection teams a free hand in 
Iraq. The laboratories that will 
enable Mr. Saddam to manu- 
facture chemical and biological 
weapons instantly if Iran 
charges across the border count 
for more than money or logic 
with Mr. Saddam. 

Secretary of State Madeleine 


tery in Mr. Saddam’s refusal to 
accept "a ticket out of sanc- 
tions" by letting the 40 UN 
inspectors who work in Iraq (in- 
cluding seven Americans) get 
on with their mission. “That is 
the part that I don’t understand 
about him," she said on tele- 
vision Sunday. 

The only puzzle is the sec- 
retary’s puzzlement. Has she 
not been listening to bo- own 
speeches describing Mr. Sod- 
ium’s brutal and bloody role at 
home and his aggression 
abroad? Does she really expect 
him to ask what is best for his 
country and then do it? 

Mr. Saddam does uot survive 
through building consensus or 
winning elections, as Bill Clin- 
ton does. Mr. Saddam found 
poison gas invaluable in putting 
down his own rebellious cit- 
izens. He then incorporated ter- 
ror into foreign policy by using 
chemical weapons against Iran 
in 1988, and by issuing chem- 
ical warheads to Iraqi brigades 
for possible use against Amer- 
ican troops in 1991. 

Those warheads apparently 
were not used because the war 
anfolded so rapidly and Mr. 
Saddam was worried about U.S. 
nuclear retaliation. 

But since Desert Storm, he 
has not had to worry about pay- 
ing a serious military price for 
his defiance. His cat-and-mouse 
game has syste m a ti cally sacri- 
ficed “low-quality capability, to 
protect high-quality capabili- 
ty," in the view of Rolf Ekeus,- 


the able, tough-minded Swedish 
diplomat who beaded the UN 
inspection team for five years 
before becoming ambassador to 
Washington in September. 

1 asked Mr. Ekeus what could 
be worth $100 billion to Mr. 
Saddam to hoard. His answer: 
"The production facilities for 
biological weapons agents. 

Fear and 

vindictiveness make 
the Iraqi leader a 
far more dangerous 
and desperate 
adversary than Mr. 
Clinton assumes. 

such as anthrax, and the instruc- 
tion manuals on how to produce 
the agents and their delivery 
systems. It is similar on chem- 
ical weapons. They want to keep 
hidden tbe chemical reactors 
and other capabilities that will 
enable them to produce what 
they call ‘special’ weapons the 
moment the inspectors are out! " 
Tbe Iraqis also hope to buy 

S lutonium and eventually pro- 
nce a nuclear bomb. 

Mr. Ekeus provided the 


United Nations with a graphic 
report nearly two years ago 
spelling out this and more. For 
two years the State Department 
has known that Mr. Saddam 
had (.and still has) possession fK 
of nearly a score of the 25 
long-range missile warheads to 
cany biological weapons that 
Iraq has admitted it produced 
before 1991. 

The Iraqis also have biolog- 
ical gravity bombs, tons of 
deadly VX nerve gas and some 
Scud missiles. 

This is Mr. Saddam's treasure 
trove. Fear and vindictiveness 
make Mr. Saddam a far more 
dangerous and desperate ad- 
versary than President Clinton 
assumes. Waiting Mr. Saddam 
out, while letting him keep the , 
means to make weapons of mass ft 
destruction during that wait, is ~ 
the world’s riskiest gamble. 

Military force should not be 
used this time merely to punish 
Mr. Saddam, or to intimidate 
him into a solution for the 
phony issue of Americans op 
the inspection team. If force is 
used, it should be directed at 
destroying his special weapons 
capability once and for all Con- 
taining Iran’s ambitions against 
Iraq should take second priority 
to this argent task. 

The Washington Post. 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1897: Canadian Visit 

PARIS — [The Herald says in an 
Editorial]: The meeting between 
Secretary Sherman and Sir Wil- 
frid Laurier may be the begin- 
ning of anew epoch in America. 
At the first interview between 
the Canadian Premia: and die 
American Secretary of State 
they "'found themselves in ac- 
cord ” as to the objects for which 
Sir Wilfrid visited Washington. 
IBs desire is to bring about an 
agreement by which as far as 
possible all pending differences 
between Canada and tire United 
States may be settled. 

1922: Bavarian Crisis 

BERLIN — The Bavarian 
treason law was applied again in 
tite increasing revolutionary 
ferment in Munich, where the 
police raided the offices of the 
t ‘MQnchener Post," the Social- 
ist paper which disclosed a 
secret arms depOt. Heir Auer, 


the Socialist leader, was arres- 
ted on a charge of treason. In- 
timation of trouble further in- 
creased when Herr Hitler, 
leader of die German Fascist! 
organised shock troops, ejecting 
from a public hall all who re- 
fused to "do, dare or die." 

1947: Russian Menace 

PARIS — General Charles de 
Gaulle, in his first press con- 
ference in more than six 
months, suggested that France 
take die initiative in promo ting 
defease treaties with the United 
States and Great Britain. 
France, he said, is threatened by 
"an enormous European 
power" (die Soviet Union). Jt 
was a power, he said, greater 
than that of Charles V, the l&h- 
century Emperor of Spain and 
Germany, greater than that of 
William II of Germany, greater 
than that of Hitler, "because 
this European power receives 
help from inside our country.” 









f 


rtf 


Hi 


PAGE 9 


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\ 


OPINION/LETTERS 


A Land-Mine Ban 
; Is Just a First Step 


By David McCall 


TT7ASHINGT0N — Uve 
iVY award of ihe Nobel 
; peace Prize to ihe Interna- 
tional Campaign to Ban Land 
Mines is a well-deserved 
. Acknowledgment for a grass- 
roots raovemem to limit 
ihe worldwide plague of anti- ■ 
|>ersonnel land mines. 

| However, what a ban on 
[and mines will not do is ad- 
dress the present crisis. The 
lens of millions of land mines 
that are scattered over 60 
poultries are estimated to kill 

and maim up to 26.000 people 

• Annually. They also prevent 
fanners from growing crops 

* on large tracts of agricultural 
; land Land mines hidden in 

the soil of forgotten batde- 
fields remain dangerous long 
^fter hostilities have ceased. 

* The land-mine predica- 
ment is big enough to warrant 
. a second Nobel Prize for the 
- individual or organization 
that develops safer, cheaper 
pnd faster ways to detect and 
remove land mines. The pri- 
. prides must now be to reduce 
the casualty rate and return 
land to the population — 


However, most people would 
not warn to work in a rice 
field from which only most 
mines have been removed. 
Anything less than total 
clearance is unacceptable. 

A fair amount of researdb is 
going into developing better 
de-mining technology/ But 
scientists and manufacturers 
have UnJe understanding of 
the real-life problems facing 
de-miners, and few areas to 
test their concepts for new 
technology. Equally, de- 
miners have neither ihe time 
nor the resources to develop 
the equipment they need. As a 
result, de-miners are continu- 
ally confronted with a barrage 
of ill-conceived ideas from 
would-be benefactors. 

Three components are 
needed to end the devastation 
caused by land mines: lead- 
ership. organization and 
resources. The first require- 
ment could be addressed 
if President Bill 



An Undeserved First Prize 
In a Lottery Over a Life 


B OSTON — Deep down 
in the decision that Judge 
Hiller Zobel set before a 
hungry international audi- 
ence was a paragraph of self- 
defense. "Massachusetts,” 
he wrote, "never has and 
does not now view Justice as a 
handmaiden to Tycfae, the 

Goddess of Good romine 

A court ... is not a casino.” 

Maybe not. Maybe the 
verdicts in this case of the au 
pair and the dead baby were 
not as chancy as the Mas- 
sachusetts lottery. But on 
Monday, 279 became Louise 
Woodward's lucky number. 
In a reversal that turned a 


By Ellen Goodman 


jury's murder conviction into a 
judge's manslaughter convic- 
tion, the British au pair's sen- 
from Hi 


tence was reduced from life to 
rime served. To 279 days. 

To put it quite simply, Miss 
Woodward walked. She won 


MEANWHILE 


that first prize called freedom. 


The judge reminded the 
■ that this young woman 


Isaiah Berlin, Low-Risk Philosopher 


quickly 

Clinton. 


I* 


Ith'r hi!* 




Hi 


Countless mines 
are already in 
the ground and 
waiting , silently 
and patiently, for 
their next victim. 


be 


I rlh.tiK 


. [objectives that cannot 
^addressed by a ban alone. . 

■ I learned a little bit about 
Hand mines during five trips 
jo Cambodia. There are about 
os many land mires in 
'Cambodia as there are people 
. ; — roughly 8 million — and 
■progress in removing them 
[is grin din gly slow. 

• Here’s how it works. Mem- 
Ibers of a team spread out 
' [across a field, a few yards 
•apart Each is equipped with a 
Inline detector (based on 
[World War D technology), a 
•metal probe and a trowel. The 
[detector goes off when it de- 
fects metal of any kind. It 
•might be a thimble or a coin. 
!Or it might be a land mine. 
[The mine detector doesn’t 
•know die difference. And 
[neither does the de-miner. So 
jhe ever so carefully probes the 
Igjound and digs with his irow- 

[el until the dirt is removed and 

the object is revealed. Then, 
the mine — if it Is a mine — 
is marked and at the end of 


f . . i I « is marxea ana ai u 
1 1 1 . L \ 1 1 Jim the ^ “ detonated 
1 1 1 ** ft » *■ diU yvil of this takes endless 
* time and patience. Because of 

-the archaic tools used, it could 
'take 100 years to clear Cam- 
bodia of land mines. 

" Is there a better way 
'to clear mines? Well, ingeni- 
ous devices such as plows, 
■sifters and flails can dear 
'most mines from au area. 


in ton. the secretaiy-genenal 
of the United Nations and 
other world leaders would 
exert the will to speed 
up hu manitarian de-mining 
around the world. Mr. Clinton 
should appoint a "land mine 
czar" to coordinate an accel- 
erated de-mining program. 

Organization follows 
naturally from sound leader- 
ship and demands a practical, 
coherent approach. One of 
the major organizational pri- 
orities should be to foster 
closer links between 
researchers and de-miners. 

Tn comparison with the 
profile of the land-mine ban, 
the plight of the de-miner is 
barely publicized and little 
understood. The resources 
available to operational de- 
mining organizations are pi- 
tifully inadequate, yet it is 
their work that actually 
achieves the twin objectives 
of reducing casualties and re- 
turning land to use. 

At the end of World Warn, 
Europe was more heavily 
mined titan the entire world is 
today. Yet 80 percent of the 
mines were cleared within 
two years because there were 
the financial resources and 
political will to do it ■ 

The International Coalition 
io Ban Land Mines brought 
together thousands * of indi-- 
viduals and organizations in a 
common effort to create a fu- 
ture without land mines. An 
effort of this magnitude is now 
needed to address the present 
problem: countless land 
mines already in the ground 
and waiting, silently and pa- 
tiently, for their next victim. 


The writer is a member of 
the board of directors of 
Refugees International, an 
independent international 
humanitarian organization. 
He contributed this comment 
to the International Herald 
Tribune. 


L ONDON — Sir Isaiah 
Berlin, who died last 
week at the age of 88, once 
described himself to me as 
“pretematurally ugly in a 
peculiarly foreign way.” 

He was so negligent of his 
tailoring that, as someone 
said, he “appeared to float 
inside his clothes.” 

A Jewish immigrant who 
spent his early childhood in 
Sl Petersburg, be was 12 
when his family moved 
to London after the Russian 
Revolution. Yet he became 
one of the most eloquent 
Britons of the 20th century, in 
his writing and, especially, in 
his conversation. 

His English was as majes- 
tic as the Mississippi in flood. 
But what enabled him to fit 
perfectly into the English 
scene, oscillating smoothly 
between high-table Oxford 
and London society drawing 
rooms, was that he possessed 
in abundance the trait the 
En glis h value most: charm. 

That charm never failed 
him, and it appealed equally 
to men and women. He 
was taken np by the English 
ruling establishment in a 
way that had happened to no 
intellectual since John 
Maynard Keynes. Yet aca- 
demia — or most of it — 
loved Sir Isaiah, too. 

At Oxford, he was a revered 
professor of social and polit- 
ical theory. And with good 
reason. In the university's 
long history of inaugural 
lectures, the number that have^ 
become instant classics can be 
counted on one hand. 

Among those very few is 
Sir Isaiah’s “Two Concepts 
of Liberty,” which he de- 
livered in 1959. Together with 
his 1953 essay, “The Hedge- 
hog and the Fox,” it consti- 
tutes his main contribution to 
the thinking of his day. 

But there is something odd 
about a “great thinker” 
whose salient message is en- 
capsulated in two essays. Sir 
Isaiah himself thought so 
anyway. He often insisted 
that he was overrated and that 
the praise and distinction 


By Paul Johnson 


were 


heaped upon him 
largely undeserved. 

He said this in pan, 
no doubt, because it invari- 
ably provoked a chorus of 
“Oh, no, Isaiah!” But he half 
believed it, I think, and the 
remark implied a meaningful 
criticism of the English and 
of their frivolity in taking 
him so seriously. 

Indeed, though Sir Isaiah is 
widely considered die central 
pillar of our 20th-century 
understanding of liberty, his 
actual contribution as a moral 
philosopher may be marginal. 
However, he did get across 
two important points. 


sticking his neck oul He dis- 
liked exposing himself and 
his thoughts in ways that 
might be attacked by other 
scholars and that the young 
might later mock. He was a 
low-risk philosopher who ex- 
hibited extreme caution in 
taking up daring positions 
on contemporary issues. 

His book "Karl Marx” 
(1939) tries to have it both 
ways, treating this man who he 
recognized was a supreme en- 
emy of liberty as nonetheless a 
genius worthy of admiration. 

Although Sir Isaiah was an 
outspoken champion of 
liberty, he never voiced any 


A cerebral leaven, he attained unique 
standing as the man who expressed 
what decent and well-educated 
Englishmen of the ruling class felt and 
thought in his time. 



Taking as his text the 
Greek poet Archilochus’s 
lines, "The fox knows many 
things but the hedgehog 
knows one big dung,” 
Sir Isaiah drew a useful 
distinction between thinkers 
who contribute a number 
of unrelated bat valuable 
insights and those who 
develop one unified vision 
or universal principle. 

.“Two-- ...Concepts- • of 
Liberty” reinforces that 
distinction ' by contrasting 
“negative liberty," which 
allows men the freedom to act 
diversely and make their own 
mistakes, with “positive 
liberty,” which harnesses and 
concentrates freedom to 
achieve a higher good 

Sir Isaiah’s own preference 
was for the discrete nuggets 
of understanding unearthed 
by the fox and covered by the 
notion of negative liberty. He 
was made uneasy by the more 
ambitious and heroic pursuit 
of a universalis! solution for 
mankin d- He argued that the 
second could, and in his life- 
time did, plunge the world 
into totalitarian horror. Sir 
Isaiah's distinction fell 
squarely within the English 
empirical tradition. 

As a result. Sir Isaiah 
attained unique standing as 
the man who expressed what 
decent and well-educated 
Englishmen of the ruling class 
felt and thought in his time. He 
was able, moreover, to reach 
an audience that few academ- 
ics , especially philosophers, 
could hope to penetrate. 

Yet Sir Isaiah produced no 
magnum opus. He offered no 
broad sweep of theory that 
inspired followers, gave rise 
to a school or could be banded 
on to future generations. The 
moment we compare Sir Isai- 
ah to his older contemporary, 
Karl Popper, the author of 
“The Open 

Society and Its Enemies,” 
we realize what is lacking: a 
serious, thoroughgoing and 
tenacious effort to grapple 
with the practical problems of 
establishing durable liberties 
in the real world. 

Sir Isaiah was the antithes- 
is of a Big Book man. He was 
constitutionally averse to 


protest against the serious 
threat to British liberties 
posed by the trade unions in 
the 1970s, when they en- 
forced a closed-shop policy, 
nor volunteered an approving 
word for Margaret Thatcher 
when she put an end to that 
practice in the 1980s. 

And he had little to say 
about the rights and wrongs of 


the Cold War or how it was 
triumphantly concluded. His 
support for the liberal West 
was genuine but unspoken. 

The positive side of Sir 
Isaiah, however, was not just 
the illumination but also the 
sheer pleasure he gave. For 
decades, there was no man in 
London whose appearance in 
a room was more welcome to 
more people. You longed to 
sit at his feet, to question him 
and to hear his words, often 
golden, always untainted 
by vanity or illusion or 
pomposity, rich in experi- 
ence, usually wise, invariably 
funny. He was a good listener, 
too, quick to get any point, 
to take it up and build on iL 
He was modest, even humble, 
always eager to learn. 

More than anyone else of 
his time in England, Sir Isaiah 
bridged the gap between the 
intelligentsia and the rulers. 
The pnilistines accepted him, 
and he made them more civ- 
ilized. Powerful men who 
boasted that they never read a 
serious book listened to what 
he had to say. He was the 
cerebral leaven in a society 
that, at heart, was suspicious 
of the intellectual process. 

So he did much good in his 
time. 


The writer, author of the 
forthcoming “A History of the 
American People," contrib- 
uted this comment to The Ne*’ 
York Times. 


public 

would still go through life car- 
rying the stigma of a felony. 
Bui he did not hear the cheers 
and the champagne corks 
popping in her hometown. 

After all the appeals run 
out. the 19-year-old will go 
home to a heroine's welcome. 
The Eappcns go home to an 
empty crib. 

1 do not dispute the judge's 
decision to reduce the crime 
to manslaughter. The defense 
team and the defendant, bask- 
ing in their own hubris, made 
a bad bet. They put their 
money on the jury, gambled 
on all or nothing — life or 
liberty, murder or release. But 
a judge is not just a croupier. 

Judge Zobel was "morally 
certain that allowing this de- 
fendant on this evidence to 
remain convicted of second- 
degree murder would be a 
miscarriage of justice." He 
wrote that he believed "the 
circumstances in which De- 
fendant acted were character- 
ized by confusion, inexper- 
ience. frustration, immaturity 
and some anger, but not 
malice (in the legal sense)." 

Indeed, the "sad scenario" 
Judge Zobel described fits my 
own sense of what happened 
on that Februaiy day. I never 
thought she set out to murder 
this baby. I assumed rather 
that she “lost it," was more 
than ‘ ‘a little rough with him/ ' 
rough enough to cause his 
death. In short, manslaughter. 

But the sentence?' Time 
served? 279 days? A Senten- 
cing Lite that frees her to walk 
and talk and claim her status 
as the victim? This reversal 
feels much more like whip- 
lash than like justice. 

The jury, stuck with the 
hard and narrow choice be- 
tween setting Miss Woodward 


free and jailing her for life, 
chose jail because it could not 
conscionably let her go. But 
the judge had no such con- 
straints. With a much wider 
latitude of days and options, he 
found her guilty and never- 
theless handed her the keys. 

One week a life sentence, 
the next week a walk, ff these 
“cases of the century" that 
trip over each other make 
justice seem bewildering and 
arbitrary, no wonder. 

Judge Zobel. no reed in the 
wind of public opinion, said 
that he was bringing this case 
to “its compassionate con- 
clusion." Compassion for 
whom? By whom? 

He ruled that Miss Wood- 
ward was responsible. She is 
still a killer, who acted in anger 
as well as frustration. Indeed, 


to uphold her guili was to say 
jlici 


implicitly that this young care- 
giver perjured herself in court. . 
And never showed remorse. In 
the moral assessment of a 
guilty part) 1 , is there no at- 
tention io remorse, to just plain 
sorrow at a dead child? 

At no time did Miss Wood- 
ward show compassion, dis- 
may, lor anyone but herself. At 
the first sentencing, she cried 
out, “I'm only 19." Before 
the second sentencing, she 
said only, "I am innocent.” 

When the air is cleared of 
hysteria and appeals, and she 
returns home, will her fans 
eagerly put their young in 
Miss Woodward's charge? 

This case has become a 
symbol for everything. For 
mommy wars and class wars, 
for anxiety abou t children and 
caregivers, for concern about 
televised courtrooms and me- 
dia hype. We have been fas- 
cinated by everything — in- 
cluding the fascination. 

Every once in a while 
someone would say, "What 
about Matthew?" After a mo- 
mentary hush, the beat would 
go on. 

Today, however, we know 
"what about Matthew." He 
died at 8 months old, on Feb. 
9. 1997, at the hands of 
Louise Woodward. 

In the numbers game, he 
lived about 240 days. She 
served 279. This is what the 
sentence says to his parents: 
tough luck. 

The Basnm Ghftv 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Turncoat Activism? 


Regarding " Leaders Would Do Better 
to Pav Attention to Demonstrators 
(Opinion. Nov. 3) by Mary MiVrory: 

/; Ms. McGrory, apparently offended by 
.President Bill Clinton s engagement 
.with China, seems nostalgicfor old 

■ davs” when America bombed, in- 
■vaded and subverted 

fused to get with” America s program, 
‘it is at least ironic that liberal activis^. 
.who historically opposed US. 

: tion fai developing 

r 'among the most adamant proponents ,of a 

foreign policy to aggress force 

■ American views onto °*^ MQSS 

London. 


r. 


Zj 

Asia’s Financial Crisis 

schadenfreude- is alhoo evident in ihe 


International Herald Tribune's coverage 
of the Asian currency and equity turmoil. 
References to ' ‘triumphal talk,” allusion 
to “cultural values,” followed by hy- 
perbole such as “meltdown” and 
“debris” are suggestive of Westerners’ 
refusal to accept that Asians are no longer 
their carriers of water and hewers of 
wood ("In Markets' Debris, a Humbled 
Asia Shows Uncertainty," Nov. S). 

■ A headline saying that Wall Street 
was * ‘too healthy right now to succumb 
to a case of 'Asian flu’ ” (IHT, Nov ^ 3) 
suggested some kind of contagion 
not altogether different from the 
“yellow peril.” 

‘For every trade, when there are 
more sellers than buyers the market 
must fall. It is as simple as that And it 
is unnecessary to -invoke cultural 
malaise or hubris- 

ANTONIO A AMADOR. 

Hong Kong. 


A History of ‘Vitamania’ 


Regarding ’“Vitamania' : . Is It a 
Health Kick or a Risky Experiment?" 
( Leisure , Oct. 30): 

The article cogently reveals the con- 
fusion endemic in the field. What is 
omitted, however, is the fact that this 
controversy has existed since the early 
years of vitamin research and manu- 
facture, at least from the 1920s. 
Moreover, “vitamania” is not unique to 
the late 20th century. The term itself 
dates to a 1942 article in Hygeia (then 
a publication of the American Medical 
Association) that criticized die contem- 
porary popularity of vitamin pills- 

RIMAD. APPLE. 

Madison, Wisconsin. 


The writer, a professor ai the University 
qfWisconsin, is the author of “Vitamania: 
Vuamins In American Culture.” 


Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe 


(O.S.C.E.) and Its Kommissar for Minorities, 
Max van der Stoel - Agents of Russian imperialism 


Yes, Russian imperialism still fives, it fives in Eastern Europe and in Central Asia and can best be 
seen in Chechnya, Estonia, and Latvia. The present Russian government is directly descended from 
Lenin and Stalin. Almost all high officials in the present Russian government were high officials in the 
Soviet communist government Therefore Russian imperialism and aggression are being continued 
today by the same Russian, now ex-Soviet, ex-communist elite or nomenklatura which tor 50 years 
threatened the West with nuclear war and for over 50 years lied looking Western leaders straight in the 
eye. Only now they are much weaker than they were previously and, therefore, they have to be more 
devious and deceitful. They have by some "means" induced O.S.C.E. and Max van der Stoel to collab- 
orate with them, to work to solidify their iH gotten gains under communism, and to work against the inter- 
ests of the victim nations and peoples of Russian imperialism. 

The Russians, just in this century, have caused the death of 100 million people, have collaborated 
with Nazi Germany and Hitler, and, therefore, may have caused WW II and the Holocaust. 

But O.S.C.E. and Max van der Stoel say that this generation of Russians is different and in any 
case cant be held responsible for the actions of their fathers and grandfathers. 

DIFFERENT? For at least 20 generations, without exception, the Russians have been the most violent, 
aggressive, barbaric, parasitic, uncivilized people in the world. The present Russian generation is genet- 
ically the same as the previous; therefore, it is a dangerous illusion to assume that they are differenL Let 
us just look at some of the deeds of the present Russian generation. 

Af ghanistan - during the Russian occupation 1 million Afghans died. The “highlight" was the pur- 
poseful, massive crippling of Afghan children with faooby-f rapped toys by the cream of this Russian gen- 
eration - military officers, politicians, business leaders. 

Chechnya - barbaric, uncivilized, and inhuman war waged on behalf of the nomenklatura by a 
drunken Russian army. While citizens of O.S.C.E. countries admired Russian dancers and skaters, the 
brothers, sisters, and friends of these threw grenades at Chechen women and children and threw cap- 
tured Chechen men out of helicopters, in less than two years one third of the Chechen population 
became casualties. 


Katyn Forest - where Russians murdered 20,000 young Polish officers. They were killed by a pre- 
vious generation of Russians, but the present generation of Russians, lied and tried to cover it up. As late 
as 1990 Russia tried to claim that the Germans had done it. However, since 1946 Poland, US Congress, 
and everyone else knew that Russians executed the young Polish officers. 

Latvia/Estonia - earlier generations of Russians occupied these small countries, killed and deport- 
ed one third of their people and replaced them with twice that many Russian colonists in order to exter- 
minate Estonia and Latvia as unique and different countries = genocide. Unlike the postwar Germans 
who helped Israel and the surviving Jews, the present Russian generation is doing everything it can to 
finalize the genocide against the Estonians and Latvians begun by their fathers under Stalin. Max van 
der Stoel, where is the difference? 


While other people in the world turn to democracy and capitalism to improve their lives, the 
Russians dream of a dictator who will return them to greatness and power. This, however, again would 
be at the expense of their neighbors whom the Russians want to again suppress, terrorize, exploit, and 
degrade. And Max van der Stoel thinks they’re different 

RESPONSIBLE? While the younger Russians cannot be legally held responsible for past Russian 
crimes, they also cannot benefit from or inherit any gains from those crimes. “A father robs a bank, runs 
home with the money and places it in the hands of his little son. Police arrive and arrest the father/rob- 
ber. Will they let the little innocent son keep the money? Of course not. It will be taken from him and 
returned to its rightful owners." In the same way Russians 1939-1991 stole a Latvian Latvia from the 
Latvian people. Now they have been caught at it Now they have to return it to the Latvians, and the only 
way to do that is to repatriate all 1 million illegal, genocidal, Russian colonists who were sent there by 
Stalin to Russify Latvia. 1 


Max van der Stoel, Commissar tor Minorities, here is a job for you. Repatriate all 1 million Russian 


colonists from Latvia to empty Russia and you may partly reverse some of your evil deeds of the last six 
years. Your immorality cannot be described in words. 1 hopr “■ ■ ■ - 


t ... . . y. hope that you don't believe in God, Max, otherwise 

as you near your end, you should be womed. To sell your soul for O.S.C.E pension and a bonus if vou 
can help the Russians finish the genocide against Estonians and Latvians will only qet vou to a warm 
place, and I don't mean Majorka. * 1 


There can be no peace, stability, or cooperation in Europe without Justice first Justice for Estonians 
and Latvians requires that all Ribbentrop-Molotov and Yalta participant countries repatriate the 1 million 
Russian colonists from Latvia and 1/2 million from Estonia. Otherwise Europe's list tit infamv will nrnw- 
Munich, Ribbentrop, Molotov, Chamberlin. Hitter, Stalin, Yalta, O.S.C.E Maxvan derStoeT 9 


Aivars Slucis, M.D. 
U.S.A. 







PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


HIALTH/SCIENCE 


An Intrepid 500 May Have Been Ancestors of Us AH 


By Nicholas Wade 

New York Times Service 

C OLD SPRING HARBOR, 
New York- — As few as 500 or 
so people, trekking out of 
Africa 140,000 years ago, may 
have populated the rest of the globe. 

These estimates are derived from a 
novel kind of archaeology, one that de- 
pends not on pick and shovel but on 
delving into the capacious archive of the 
human genome. 

'' Dates and numbers based solely on 
'genetic evidence are unlikely to be fully 
.[accepted until historians *nd archaeolo- 
gists have had their say. Bnt they afford 
<a g Hr opsc of the rich historical infor- 
mation embedded in the DNA of each 
human cell. Because of rapid methods 
far sequencing, or reading on, the chem- 
ical letters of DNA, geneticists are gath- 
ering reams of data about human pop- 
tolations. But methods of interpreting the 
information are still a work in progress. 
At a conference on human evolution last 
month at the Cold Spring Harbor Lab- 
oratory, population geneticists reported 
new analyses confirming that the origin 
,’of the human species is to be sought in 
; Africa. They also discussed other in- 
ferences chat can be teased out of genetic 
I data, like estimates of the size and lo- 
cation of- ancestral populations and the 
.timing of the migrations out of Africa. 

J The geneticists' calculations depend 
•on a number of assumptions, and tend to 
lyield dates that have wide marg ins of 
Jenor, a source of frustration to others at 
•the conference. * ‘Why should we worry 


Retracing Footsf^p| T| 




European popufa^n'^P^ 
Origin: 40,000 €8 "Jfg 
to 50,000 JLvgLjfilli 
years ago 




' years ago* - "* 




African 
populations 
Origin; 130,000 to] 
170,000 years ago 
Population: 23,000 
to 450,000 


r bnmigratlon ^ $0, 

from Africa 

•- j|bojt 137,000 years ago, 
^200 to 500 or more ^ 
individuals 


From analyzing DNA 
of peoples throughout 
the world, geneticists 
can estimate the size 
and founding dates of 
ancient populations. 


Australo-Mefanesian population 
Origin: 40,000 to 60,000 years ago 


Sources: The History and Geography ot Human Genes’ (Princeton Urxvmrriy Piasaj; Humar^avoiutior confwenco. CoVSprtag Harbor l 


lla New York Tima 


about their dates?’* one archeologist 
said to another. “It’s they who should 
worry about our dates." 

Still, a . method that from a few drops 
of blood can reach into the dawn of 
h uman history is hard to ignore, 
whatever its current imperfections. 

Over all, the genetic variation found 
among people is very small compared 
with that among most other species; 
humans evolved too recently to have 
accumulated any significant amount of 


genetic change or mutations. Still, 
people a re far from being clones and 
dike is a lot of variation for geneticists 
to crack,- much of which was present at 
the emergence of the species. 

Movements of populations have been 
studied in the past by comparing the 
cell’s working parts, the proteins whose 
structure is coded in DNA. Bat a coding 
region of DNA cannot change very 
much, since mutations will alter the pro- 
tein it specifies, often with fatal con- 


sequences for the individual Most of the 
genome, however, is composed of non- 
coding DNA, where mutations make no 
difference to the individual since most 
noncoding DNA has no evident purpose. 
Mutations in noncoding DNA are ideal 
for the population geneticist, since they 
accumulate at a fairly regular rate, yield- 
ing the best data as to me diversity and 
age of different populations. 

One result that stands out from genetic 
samples of people around the world is 


that sub-Saharan African populations 
possess greater genetic diversity than 
non-Africans. Non- Africans retain just a 
subset of this diversity, as would be 
expected when a smaller group breaks 
away from afoundira population. taking 
only a sample of the mil range of genetic 
variation. 

Dr. Mark Stoneking, a population ge- 
neticist at Pennsylvania State University, 
estimated at the conference that the non- 
Africans had split away from the main 
human population in Africa 137,000 
years ago, give or take 15,000 years. His 
findings were based on sampling 34 pop- 
ulations aroand the world and analyzing 
genetic elements called Alu insertions, 
small and apparently useless pieces of 
DNA that have gradually spread 
throughout the human genome. 

The substantial diversity of Alu in- 
sertions among African pollutions sug- 
gested that Africans maintained a huger 
population size through the prehistorical 
period than those who emigrated. Dr. 
Stoneking said, as small populations 
tend to lose their genetic diversity over 
time. 

The original human population is 
thought to have numbered a few thou- 
sand individuals. Studies of mitochon- 
drial DNA. a special category of genetic 
material that is inherited just through the 
mother’s line, have put the founding 
h uman population at a mere 10,000 in- 
dividuals. 

Using genetic markers from the chro- 
mosomes, Dr. Sarah Tishkoff, an evol- 
utionary biologist at Penn State, said she 
and her colleagues had calculated that 



die long-term early population 
was considerably larger, from r 
23,000 to 447,000 individuals. 

The home of the ancestral human pop- 
ulation to Africa is not yet known but 
some signs point toward East Africa. 
The Turkana people of Kenya show the 

Iiefr 68 nitochondriaf^NA, saS°?fr- 
Elizabeth Watson, of Massey University 
in New Zealand. This type of genetic 
material is exempt from fee shuffling 
that creates new individuals and changes 
only by collecting mutations over tiro?. 

D R. Watson said feat other 
peoples of East Africa also 
had high diversity in their mi- 
tochondrial DNA, and that fee 
region of the highest diversity was usu- 
ally indicative of a species' place <rf 
origin. Since fossil remains of early bn- ff 
man ancestors have been found at Lake 
Turkana in Kenya, her proposal is plau- 
sible, other experts said. 

Dr. Tishkoff believes feat the African 
and non-African populations may have 
separated in stages. She has found that 
fee Ethiopian Jews who now at live in 
Israel but are believed to be like other 
Ethiopians genetically, show genetic di- 
versity intennediate between that of Af- 
ricans and non-Africans, suggesting that 
they may be descendants of a group that 
moved away from the main sub-Saharan 
population and lived perhaps in northeast 
Africa. Today’s non-African populations 
coaid have originated from the northeast 
African group, carrying off even lesser 
genetic diversity. 


Gene Therapy Allows Blood to Bypass Blockages in Legs 


; By Gina Kolata 

I New York Tima Service 

EW YORK — Gene therapy 
has prompted patients wife 
hopelessly blocked blood 
i _ vessels in their legs to grow 
their own bypasses, researchers said. 
Most patients in a s mall study saw a 
Sharp reversal of die predictably down- 
hill course of that type of cardiovascular 
disease. 

The results, reported at fee scientific 
meeting of the American Heart Asso- 
ciation in Orlando, Florida, by Dr. Jef- 
frey Isner of SL Elizabeth’s Hospital and 
fee Tufts University School of Medicine 
hear Boston, covered 10 patients. AL. 
though feat is not a large number, some 
experts said the study was a rare demon- 
stration of a clinical benefit from gene 
therapy and might be pivotal 


Dr. Isner and his colleagues injected 
genes into legs, eliciting the growth of a 
web of hairlike blood vessels that 
rerouted blood around fee blockages and 
could be seen with X-ray and magnetic 
resonance imaging. 

As a result, he reported, three patients 
who had been scheduled for amputations 
avoided them entirely because blood 
flow improved so markedly. For six oth- 
er patients, severe and unrelenting pain 
lessened; two of them, who had been 
scheduled to lose legs, each lost a toe to 
amputation. In some cases, gangrene 
cleared up. Only one of the 10 patients 
failed to respond. 

A paper describing the results has 


oal Circulation, Dr. Isner said. 

In addition to using a small number of 
patients, the study lacked a group that 
received a placebo for purposes of com- 


parison. Medical experts urged that the 
work be repeated in a large study wife 
such controls. 

Until then, said Dr. R. Sanford Wil- 
liams. chief of cardiology at fee Uni- 
versity of Texas Southwestern School of 
Medicine in Dallas, “we have to be 
extremely cautious and avoid giving 
false hope.’* 

Nonetheless, some experts said, the 
results were compelling. The patients, 
after all, were in the final stages of a 
devastating disease. There was essen- 
tially no chance that their conditions 
would improve on fear own. And never 
before, some experts said, had gene ther- 
apy actually^ respited in the clinical im- 
provement of a disease. 

“This could be a pivotal study, ’ ’ said 
Dr. James Wilson, director of the In- 
stitute for Human Gene Therapy at the 
University of Pennsylvania. 


BOOKS 


Dr. Stuart Orion, a professor of pe- 
diatric medicine at fee Harvard Medical 
School, said, "It is one of fee first, if not 
the first, times that gene therapy has 
resulted in a clinical improvement." 

Dr. Orion is co-chairman of a com- 
mittee convened by Dr. Harold Varams, 
director of the National Institutes of 
Health, to advise him on gene therapy 
research. 

And despite his trepidation about giv- 
ing false hope. Dr. W illiams said, he 
found the results thr illing . When some of 
the patients' histories are described, he 
added, “you have to say, ‘Wow.’ ” 
Each year 30,000 to 40,000 Amer- 
icans- develop such severe blockages in 
their leg arteries feat they have excru- 
ciating pain or ulcers on their legs that do 
not heaL For those patients, unlike 
people with blocked coronary arteries, 
there is no effective drug therapy. - 
Instead, they face eventual amputa- 
tions, as fee lack of blood flow leads to 
infections and gangrene. 


Dr. Isner said that 20 percent of those 
patients died in the hospital and feat 40 
percent died within a year of fee surgery. 
His patients, Dr. Isner said, had the most 
to gain and the least to lose from gene 
therapy. 

The study exploited fee remarkable 
properties of a gene known as fee vas- 
cular endothelial growth factor, or 
vegF, that is thought to be fee body’s 
signal to grow new blood vessels. 

The idea was to inject vegF genes 
directly into muscle cells near fee block- 
age and allow the muscles to take up the 
gene and use it to make vegF protein. 
About 5 percent of the billions of genes 
that Dr. Isner injected actually went into 
muscle cells and were used by them. 

Upon taking up the genes, fee muscle 
cells secreted the vegF protein, which 
made its way to nearby blood vessels. 

Normally, vegF would not avidly at- 
tach itself to cells that line fee blood- 
vessel walls. But when a -vessel is 
blocked,.tbeceUs,just beyond the block- 


age, which are starved for blood, become 
voy sticky for vegF. And so the vegF 
proteins presumably attached them- 
selves to fee exact sections of fee blood 
vessels where they were needed. 

Wife vegF stuck to their surfaces, the 
cells started to sprout a network o‘f 
threadlike blood vessels. When feat hap- 
pens, for reasons that are still mysterious 
to researchers, the new vessels wind 
their way around the blockage and form 
an alternative pathway for blood. 

Any vegF feat did not attach to cells 
near fee blockage was swept away by the 
bloodstream and degraded The muscle 
cells secreted vegF ooly for several 
weeks, just long enough for the body to 
grow its bypasses. 1 

“When we began our study,” Dr. 
Isner said, “we bad no idea what dose of 
gene therapy was going to work or if fee 
way we- were injecting the genes was 
appropriate or if fee sites w6> were in- 
jecting were appropriate.! have to admit, 
we really lucked ouL”. .s . 


NEIGHBORS AND 
STRANGERS: 

The Fundamentals of Foreign 

Affairs 

By Wiliam R. Polk. 366 pages. $2495. 
The University of Chicago Press 
Reviewed by John K. Cooley 

W ILLIAM POLK has compressed 
a lifetime of scholarship, diplo- 
macy, travel and inspired writing into 
this thoughtful sometimes whimsical 
but never boring account of how human 
beings have behaved toward each other, 
from Neanderthal times to the nuclear 
age. Its factual but seemingly humdrum 
Subtitle belies the charm and fascination 
of the book. Polk analyzes, with hun- 
dreds of trenchant anecdotes and epi- 
sodes, how people in all fee world's 
tribes, societies and nations have con- 
ducted personal, family, diplomatic and 
trade relations, as well as espionage and 
warfare since history’s dawn. 

* Getting along with foreigners — the 
familiar (or otherwise) neighbor as well 
as the total stranger — through war- 
making and peace-seeking; intrudes 
daily into our lives. In his career as a 
historian at Harvard and the University 
of Chicago, as an adviser to Presidents 
John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson on 
the Middle East, in his histories, novels 
and intellectual adventures, Polk has 
constantly studied one major theme, 
which is the core of this book. It is how 
f ‘fear of the foreigner,” and concern 
wife the similarities or differences with 
Neighbors, govern our behavior. 

• In his introduction, Polk describes 
bow his time in fee late 1960s as pres- 
ident of fee Adlai Stevenson Institute of 
international Affairs drew him out of 
constraints binding the conventional his- 
torian and into fee work of "archae- 
ologists, anthropologists and historians 
of other civilizations and in such new 


BRIDGE 

J 

j By Alan Trascott 

t HE meet charismatic 
player in the world cham- 
pionships in Tunisia last 
month was Zia Mahmood of 
Manhattan, a celebrated 
felobe-trotxer. In the past he 
frag played in world cham- 
pionships for his native 
Pakistan, and twice led his 
{earn to the final of fee Ber- 
muda Bowl but now he was 
representing the United 
States for the first time, 
f He and his teammates, 
fceymon Deutsch, Michael 
Rosenberg, Paul Soloway, 
Chi M^rte 1 “d ^ 

itansby. were eliminated in 
file semifinal but they made 
an elegant fashion statement. 
As a tribute to Zia, they ap- 
peared one day in long white 


fields as sodobiology and ethnology.” 

Nor does he hesitate, in his chapter on 
intelligence, counterintelligence and fee 
ancient profession of the spy, to draw on 
the real-life fictions of such authors as 
Graham Greene, John le Carre and oth- 
ers. 

Starting out wife biology, Polk first 
shows bow fee human body, like that of 
other animals, distinguishes between 
"us" and "them”: the friendly organ- 
isms, such as bacteria and defensive 

feat attac^'*‘Prinutiv^’ societies, like 
fee Australasian aborigines so dear to 
writers like Margaret Mead, or B ashmen 
who still survive in Africa today, show 
responses which we, in our glitzy West- 
ern societies or in giant, complex cul- 
tures like that of China, also use when we 
deal with "aliens." 

Next, Polk delves into the clashes of 
ancient civilizations — like fee Assyr- 
ian, who came "down like fee wolf on 
fee fold” with its purple and gold co- 
horts — with their neighbors. Wall- 
building, from ancient Jericho to Rome, 
became an art, as well as a necessity to 
keep out fee "strangers" and to help 
gather together and defend friendly 
“neighbors" against common enemies. 

In a section on how armies and war- 
fare evolved from stone and spear fights 
of Cro-Magnon or Bronze Age times to 
the missile technology of today, the au- 
thor spends less time on weapons sys- 
tems than he does on fee ti nman quirks 
feat guide generals and soldiers willing 
or otherwise, into making war rather 
than love. Trade and aid come next; how 
people, through the ages, "swapped 
what they had,” whether bearskins or 
grain, ‘ ‘for what they wanted," whether 
bark canoes or jet planes. Here, the un- 
official role of fee merchant or busi- 
nessman in conduct of foreign affairs 
and more often, in espionage, comes in 
for mention. 

This leads Polk naturally into recall- 


ing how people, nations and alliances, 
from the Greek city-states, Rome and 
Carthage down to NATO and the 
Warsaw Pact, spied on one another to 
learn secrets, and how some waged cov- 
ert warfare to "destabilize” real or po- 
tential enemies. Governments also have 
often hired "mercenary” advisers: 
Turks hiring Greeks; English using 
Dutchmen and "practically everyone 
having recourse to Italians, who in fee 
Renaissance, at least, were considered 
fee most subtle practitioners.’ ’ 

T HE concluding section is "Getting 
Rid of tiie Alien,” describing be- 
havior patterns of host societies in eject- 
ing or massacring unwanted people, 
nowadays called "ethnic cleansing," 
whether in fee Nazi holocaust, the Turk- 
ish- Armenian massacres of 1915; the 
Balkans before World War I and since 
World War II or the Middle East and 
parts of Africa almost incessantly. Polk 
does not spare his own United States and 
its progressive aggression and attrition 
agamst the Indians. His recounting of fee 
unspeakable cruelties of slavery and the 
slave trade, from fee Portuguese in fee 
15th century to the Anglo-Americans in 
fee 19th, leaves nothing to the ima- 
gination. 

There are many entertaining and some 
chilling tales; such as the assumption 
described in recent and well-docu- 
mented accounts based on fee secret 
work of World War Q codebreakers, of 
how Winston Churchill may have de- 
liberately drawn President Franklin D. 
Roosevelt into that war by failing to pass 
on to him Japanese naval orders, de- 
ciphered by Britain bnt not the United 
States, for the surprise Pearl Harbor at- 
tack in December 1941. 

John Cooley, an ABC News corre- 
spondent covering the Middle East, 
wrote this for the International Herald 
Tribune. 


Prehistoric Site Found in Surrey 


Pakistani robes. This proved 
difficult for Martel who is fee 
smallest member of the team 
and had been supplied wife an 
extra large robe. Whether to 
shrink the robe or enlarge 
Martel was the problem, and 
the former proved simpler. 

On the diagramed deal 
from fee qualifying stage; 
Zia's Indian opponents 
charged briskly into six clubs. 
Rosenberg doubled wife fee 
East cards, judging that South 
was gambling and that he 
could afford to raise the ante. 
It can be seen that South had 
problems in both black suits, 
and that fee contract was a 
poor one. 

Usually such a double is 
lead-directing, but with only 
one suit bid it is hard to see 
what it could direct here. Zia 
led fee spade jack, which was 


just as well for the defense. 
On a red-suit lead South 
would have been forced to lay 
down the club ace. That 
would have had a happy re- 
sult, and he would then have 
been able to enter dummy for 
a spade play. 

Rosenberg won wife the 
spade ace and returned his 
trump, giving South much to 
dunk about His double sug- 
gested that he tboughthehada 
trump trick, and his trump re- 
turn might well be an attempt 
to talk South of fee trump 
finesse, available after enter- 
ing dummy with a spade ruff. 
So after much agony South 
finessed and was down me. 

Rosenberg's team gained 10 
imps, for in the replay North- 
South were not unnaturally 
content to play in five clubs. 
Zia promptly christened East’s 


effort the Balmoral Coup, 
partly because he had recently 
visited that Scottish town 
favored by royalty, and partly 
because Rosenberg is a Scot 

NORTH 

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WEST 
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Neither side was vulnerable. The 
bidding: 

Sooth West North East 

1* Pass 3+ Pass 

6* Pass Pass DbL 

Pass Pass Pass 

West led the spade lack. 


By Dan Balz 

Washington Poa Service 


W ASHINGTON — British 
archaeologists have an- 
nounced fee discovery of 
an enormous prehistoric 
ceremonial site in rural England that 
they said is larger than and as significant 
as Stonehenge, one of this country’s 
most visited historical attractions. 

The buried site at Stanton Drew in 
Sunw was discovered unexpectedly 
this fall during a routine geophysical 
survey of an archaeological site con- 
taining three stone circles. Scientists 
long had known of the existence of those 
stone circles, which had drawn little 
attention over the years because of their 
remote location. But what the scientists 
found through fee geophysical survey 
was a much larger and for more sig- 
nificant site beneath the ground. 

The archaeological surveys suggest 
that it was the site of a huge, circular 
timber temple that predated the stone 
circles and that could give scientists a 
better understanding of the tribes that 
inhabited England in prehistoric times. 
The site dates to between 3000 B.C. and 
1500 B.C. 

Geoffrey Wainwright, the chief ar- 
chaeologist at English Heritage, which 
carried out the surveys, could barely 


CROSSWORD 


contain his enthusiasm over the find. 
"This is quite extraordinary,” be’ said. 
"I’m bowled over by it” 

Dr. Wainwright stud the buried site at 
Stanton Drew is roughly twice as large 
as Stonehenge and that it is one of just 
eight timber temples known to exist in 
England. "Stanton Drew is quite fee 
biggest and most complex of all” Dr. 
Wainwright said. “It was really a very, 
very dramatic structure.” 

Scientists believe the ceremonial sites 
or temples were used in early agricul- 
tural societies to attempt to manipulate 
tiie supernatural to assure adequate rain- 
fall for crops or the expansion of herds of 
cattle or sheep. The timber temples were 
symbols of power and influence used for 
makingoffermgs. 

But Dr. Wainwright said experts do 
not know much about the period and 
how societies were organized and re- 
lated to one another. The Stanton Drew 
site may offer clues to the territorial 
relationships among these tribes, in ad- 
dition to fee knowledge it will provide 
about the structure of fee temples them- 
selves. 

The discovery came after English 
Heritage decided to survey fee site, 
which is on privately owned farmland, 
when it changed hands. 

"We got more than we bargained 
for,” Dr. Wainwright said. 


The Stanton Drew site contains three 
stone circles, the largest of which is 
known as the Great Circle. The survey 
carried out this fall. with tiie help of 
magnetometers, which measure magnet- 
ic forces, revealed that fee Great Circle . 
was surrounded by an enormous ditch 
approximately 135 meters in diameter.' 

But more significant was fee discov- 
er of what English Heritage called “a 
highly elaborate pattern of buried pits, ’<*’ 
which were arranged in nine concentric 
circles, varying in diameter from about 
25 meters to 100 meters. 


T HE pits appear to be about a 
meter in diameter and lie about 
a meter from one another 1 . 
Based on work at similar sites 
elsewhere in the country, scientists be- 
lieve fee pits supported huge wooden 
timbers standing upright, although it is 
not clear whether they supported a roof 
of any kind. What heightens fee interest 
of archaeologists here is that fee circles 
at Stanton Drew are significantly larger 
than at other such sites, and there are 
many more of them. 

English Heritage, which oversees th£ 
country’s man-made historical sites, has 
no plans to excavate fee site at Stanton 
Drew. Dr. Wainwright said he doubts 
that it will become a tourist attraction 
comparable to Stonehenge. 


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surface of 
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is Pugilistic 
sweethearts? 

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a* Hurricane 
heading: Abbr. 
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21 Curty do 
26 Sweater 


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» Watting period, 

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3V Midwest city 
where Orson 
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bom 

40 Non-earthlings, 
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41 Prefix with dose 

42 Four times a 
day, In 
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4a Dog show 
event? 

46 Sties foe 


Salutiou to Pirate of Nov. S2 


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□□□ naas sauna 
□Ham astasia aoaa 
□□qqh oaaa hub 
□ onaQaanaasa 

□SQ QCDI3 assaa 
aEsaaBSGiassgs 
□bubss anas □□□□ 
□qhsd sans aaas 
□□□□q assa □□□ 


4« The bulk 
oa'Veni. — . 
vier 

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amount 
sx Japanese 
leader of old 
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four-minute 
mile, e.g.7 
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ae Wedding 
reception, say 

« "Pomp and 
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composer 
60 Baton Rouge 
®ch. 

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■a Color changers 
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e.fl.: Abbr. 


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©New York Tlmea/EdUed by Will Shortx 


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BMW Sets 
Stage to Bid 
For Rolls 

Herman Firm Applies 
; Pressure to Block Rival 


»■ i LONDON — Bayerische Motoren 
i -jVerke AG emerged Wednesday as a 
l Jikely buyer of Rolls-Royce Motor Care 
-Md- after Mayflower Corp. bowed to 
' BMW pressure and said it would not bid 
I'for the British carmaker's owner, 
o Mayflower said it would not offer to 
. bny Vickers PLC, which has put Rolls- 
,Rpyce up for sale, after BMW 
-threatened to stop delivering engines to 
.the British defense company's car unit if 
.Mayflower acquired Vickers. 

•• \ "It shows mat BMW is prepared to 
, play hard ball to get Rolls-Royce from 
: Vickers," said Daniel Bevan, an analyst 
• at Credit Lyonnais in London. 

■ Vickers put its Rolls-Royce Motors 
: subsidiary up for sale three weeks ago 
-and BMW declared an interest. The 
move also prompted Mayflower to an- 
pounce plans for a full-scale takeover 
“offer for Vickers. 

Analysts said BMW used its cor- 
porate and financial muscle to scupper 
that deal, which they said may nave 
valued Vickers at more than £1 billion 
($1.7 billion). 

Rolls-Royce, which makes Rolls- 
Royce and Bentley cars, would be one 
-of the last of the British luxury car- 
makers to fall into foreign hands, as high 
•.costs have prompted them to seek help 
from larger automakers. 

„ BMW said it “continued to be in- 
-terested in acquiring Rolls-Royce," but 
.declined to specify whether or when it 
would make a bid, citing London Stock 
■Exchange regulations. 

, Analysts said it would take several 
months before BMW would make a 
formal bid, while Vickers said the auc- 
.tion for Rolls-Royce is expected to last 
.until March, although the closing date 
•could be brought forward. 

Analysts said previous estimates of 
Rolls-Royce’s value at £300 million to 
£400 million could be too high because 
"JBMW’s contract to design and build 
•engines for Rolls’s next generation of 
Joxury.care has given die German car- 
maker the upper hand in negotiations. 

. • Sources cfose to the Mayflower ne- 
gotiations said that BMW's, threat to 
terminate the engine supply contract is 
- likely to put off potential buyers for 
Rolls-Royce. 

* ‘There is nothing to stop BMW from 


!r 


clear for itself." 

„ Simon Miller, an analyst at Union 
Bank of Switzerland, said: "Anyone 
stumping up to buy it that doesn't meet 
BMW’s approval has a big problem. 
Yon would really have to redesign the 
car." 

BMW shares fell 35 Deutsche marks 
($20.48) to 1,165 DM. 

. Volkswagen AG declined to com- 
ment on a German magazine report it 
was interested in bidding for Rolls, say- 
ing: "No confirmation, no denial, no 
comment." (Bloomberg. AFX) 



YudbLuaT-akVAfahT Frae-Pir<.r 

Tokyo stock traders trying to complete their transactions as the Wednesday session neared its close and the 
benchmark Nikkei index hit a new low for the year. The turmoil spread around the world, especially to Brazil. 

Starwood Prevails Over Hilton’s ITT Bid 


CaH{*ledlvOir Sufi From DupMha 

NEW YORK — ITT Corp.’s share- 
holders on Wednesday backed Star- 
wood Lodging Trust's $13.7 billion 
takeover bid, ending Hilton Hotel 
Corp.*s 10-month pursuit of the hotel 
and casino company. 

ITT shareholders voted 2-to-l to re- 
elect the company’s directors, rejecting 
Hilton’s rival slate and its offer of $12^8 
billion, or $80 a share. 

lTT’s chairman, Rand Araskog, said 
the company remained up for sale, al- 
though he added that Starwood 's $85-a- 
share offer would be hard to beat 

The deal with Starwood would com- 
bine ITT’s Sheraton and Caesars units 
with Wes tin hotels, which Starwood is 
in the p rocess of buying. • 

ITns stock fell 8750" cents on Wed- ' 
nesday 'to $75,25, while Hilton rose 
12.50 cents, to $31,125, and Starwood 
fellSl, to $54.25. 

“The more attractive offer won,” 
said Jamie Handworker, an analyst with 
Furman Selz LLC. 

With ITT, Starwood would have 650 
hotels in 70 countries and annual rev- 
enue of more than $10 billion. 

“They’ve become a far more sig- 
nificant game in town," said John Robs, 
analyst at Schroder & Co. 

Final tallies of the votes from the 
company's annual shareholders meet- 
ing could take weeks to be released, but 
Mr. Araskog said the margin in favor of 
re-electing Ilf ’s board was "substan- 
tial." 

Specifically, shareholders were 
asked to choose between a slate of di- 
rectors proposed by Hilton and re-elect- 
ing ITT’s current board. If the Hilton 


slate had won, the new directors would 
have accepted Hilton's bid. 

Hilton executives had no comment. 

Hilton's offer was lower than Star- 
wood's sweetened proposal, but Hilton 
argued its was superior because it in- 
cluded more cash and stock. In addition, 
Hilton said its stock was more real- 
istically valued than Starwood ‘s. 

ITT investors are betting that Star- 
wood’s mostly stock offer will be worth 

WALL STREET VATCH~ 

more than Hilton’s cash-rich bid. Star- 
wood’s share price, which has jumped 
82 percent the past year, and its growth 
prospects were deciding factors. 

Starwood plans to combine Sheraton 
with the Westin Hotel & Resorts chain it 1 
plans to buy for $1:6 billion,- giving it 
two of the better-known brands that are 
operating in die fast-growing upscale 
hotel market 

Starwood's chairman and chief ex- 
ecutive, Barry StemlichL, said this week 
that Westin was the equivalent of a four- 
star hotel, while Sheraton was a three- to 
three-and-a-half-star franchise. 

"It’s a perfect fit "be said. “Sheraton 
and Westin will create efficiencies and 
diversity of product and we will have the 
capital to grow the brands overseas." 

ITT’s shareholder meeting was 
standing-room only, overflowing into 
die adjoining penthouse and several oth- 
er rooms at New York’s Sl Regis hotel, 
which is owned by ITT. 

Institutional Shareholder Services, an 
influential group that advises big share- 
holders, recommended last week that 
voters re-elect ITl ’s current board. ITT 


said the group advised holders of about 
20 million ITT shares, or 16 percent of 
its outs tanding shares and options. 

ITT is a much smaller company than 
when Hilton made its first bi d. Be fore 
finding a rescuer in Starwood, ITT sold 
off several assets — including its half 
interest in Madison Square Garden and 
a business-and-sports television venture 
with Dow Jones & Co. — to focus its 
business on hotels and casinos. 

“The only reason those were sold 
was to fend off Hilton,” said Louis 
Ehrenkrantz, president of Ehrenkrantz 
King Nussbaum, an investment com- 
pany in New York. “Was the old com- 
pany with all those assets better than the 
new company? I think so." 

Both sides have campaigned aggress- 
ively; buying foH-page newspaper ad- 
vertisements this week that boldly at- 
tacked the opposing bid. The heads of 
both companies also have impressive 
resumes to back their efforts. 

Mr. Stemlicht has built the Phoenix- 
based Starwood through acquisitions into 
America's largest real estate investment 
trust and a stock market high-flyer. 

The list of achievements of Hilton's 
chief executive, Stephen Bollenbach, 
includes helping keep Donald Trump 
out of bankruptcy and playing a key role 
in Walt Disney Co.'s acquisition of the 
ABC network. 

Hilton faces an uphill battle without 
ITT because there are not many large 
takeover candidates remaining in the 
hotel business. Where’s that growth go- 
ing to come from? asked Brad Cohen, 
analyst at Sands Bros. & Co. “There’s a 
credibility question with manage- 
ment," he said. (AP. Bloomberg) 


Bears Dig Into Brazil 
As World Stocks Slump 

Fed Holds Rate Steady but Dow Tumbles 2°/o 


By Erik Ipsen 

huenuttumai Herald Tribune 

NEW YORK — Waves of nervous 
stock selling swept around the globe 
again on Wednesday, landing with a 
roar on the shores of Brazil. 

Steep falls in Tokyo and Hong Kong 
pushed London, Europe's largest market 
and the one with the most direct ties to 
Asia, down more than 1.5 percent. The 
nervousness spread to Wall Street, 
where the Dow Jones industrial average 
tumbled more than 2 percent. 

Meanwhile, in Latin America's 
linchpin market, Brazil, trading was 
halted for 30 minutes after the key index 
plunged 10 percent, following deteri- 
orating forecasts for economic growth 
and fears for the stability of the Brazili- 
an currency, the real. 

The key Bovespa stock index fell 
888.83 points to 7.822.01. 

In Washington, where Federal Re- 
serve Board policymakers met to con- 
sider a possible increase in interest rates, 
the dilemma was acute. With American 
unemployment at a 24- year low and 
wages rising at their fastest pace in eight 
years, the Fed would in otherwise nor- 
mal circumstances apply the brakes by 
raising interest rates. 

Analysts, however, had bet that in- 
creasingly brittle financial markets 
around the world would convince the 
central bank to simply sit on its hands. In 
fact, at the end of its meeting Wednesday, 
Fed officials left the target federal funds 
rate unchanged at 5.5 percent. 

Confidence that interest rates would 
not be rising helped the selling waves in 
equity markets to subside on American 
shores. 

Having been down nearly 90 points in 
(he morning, the Dow Jones industrial 
index had climbed back to relatively 
minor losses by midday, only to turn 
downward again after the Fed meeting 
and the Brazilian plunge. 

The Dow closed down 157.41 points 
at 7.401.32. 

“We keep hearing a lot about global 
overcapacity and the threat of deflation, 
but everything here in America still 
seems to be O.K., and the public con- 
tinues to buy stocks every time the mar- 
ket drops," said Larry Rice, chief in- 
vestment officer for the brokerage 
Josephthal Lyon & Ross. 

As the crisis sweeps out of the fi- 
nancial markets and into the real econ- 
omies in Asia and Latin America, 
however, that confidence grows ever 
shakier. On Wednesday, Brazil's largest 
carmaker, Volkswagen, announced that' 
it would shut its assembly line for six 
days this month. 

Earlier in the week, Ford Motor Co. 
had warned that its big Brazilian op- 
erations may not break even next year. 
Similar fears have in the past three 
weeks wiped more than 20 percent off 
the value of another carmaker with a big 
Brazilian stake — Italy's Fiat. 

To defend its currency, the real, the 
Brazilian government has doubled in- 
terest rates in the past two weeks, and on 
Tuesday it followed that up with a major 
round of fiscal belt-tightening. 

“Under the circumstances it is not at 
ail surprising that people are now avoid- 


ing the Brazilian stock market.” said 
Marilyn Skiles. head of Latin American 
economic research at Chase Manhattan 
Bank. 

Those same factors have led Chase to 
cut its growth forecasts for the Brazilian 
economy next year to 1 percent from 4 
percent. Others find even that too op- 
timistic. penciling in no growth at all for 
next year. 

If the government loses its battle to 
prop up the real, the consequences could 
be grave for Brazil and its neighbors. 

See MARKETS. Page 12 


Brazilians 
Tightening 
Their Belts 


nithnnbi-rit Sen » 

SAO PAULO — When Denise 
Guzman, a language teacher living 
abroad, arrived in San Paulo to visit 
her family, she was greeted with a 
shock: Ttic airport exit tax had just 
been raised more than fourfold, to 
$90 from $18. 

“This is just horrible." said Ms. 
Guzman, who lives in Mexico and 
visits her native Brazil only when 
she gels discounts on airfare. “I had 
no way of preparing for it. How is 
anybody going to travel with a rate 
hike like that?" 

Ms. Guzman and 160 million 
other Brazilians are already feeling 
the effects of the “pacotao." an 5 1 8 
billion austerity package introduced 
this week to shield the world’s 
cighth-largest economy from the 
market swings rocking economies 
from Thailand to Russia. 

The government, in a display of 
its will to protect its three-year-old 
currency, the real, told Brazilians 
they would have to swallow several 
bitter pills to ensure that the real 
retains its value and to keep in- 
flation at bay. 

About 33,000 public servants 
will be dismissed. Personal income 
taxes will be increased by 10 per- 
cent. Gasoline prices will rise by 
about 5 percent. Taxes on new cars 
and beer will go up. Duty-free shop- 
ping at airports will be reduced. 

The measures come a week after 
the central bank doubled interest 
rates to stem a decline in foreign 
reserves. Concern that the turmoil 
in some Southeast Asian econo- 
mies could trigger a recession in 
Brazil has already led the Bovespa 
index for the Sao Paulo stock ex- 
change to lose more than a third of 
its value. 

“We have to face this crisis," 
Planning Minister Antonio Kandir 

See BRAZIL, Page 12 


'j 


r. 

i 


$ 

i * 4 

t U 


Gazprom’s Postponement of Bond Offering Gives White House Breathing Room 


"■ By Steven Erlanger 

Afcw York Times Service 

‘ WASHINGTON — This 
.week’s postponement of a 
bond offering to raise money 
for a project to explore for 
natural gas in Iran temporarily 
beads off a decision by the 
Clinton administration about 
.whether to impose sanctions 
on the companies involved. 

The Russian natural gas 
monopoly. Gazprom, _ cited 
uncertain market conditions in 
announcing the delay in the $ 1 
billion to $3 billion bond issue 
that had put the White House 
in an awkward position. 

; The lead underwriter for 


Gazprom is the U.S. invest- 
ment bank Goldman, Sachs & 
Co., which might be found li- 
able for its role under a federal 
law aimed at punishing Iran. 

The law — the 1996 Iran- 
Lzbya Sanctions Act, which 
was devised to punish compa- 
nies that invest more than $20 
million in Iran 's energy sector 
— is being challenged by this 
deal, -a $2 billion contract to 
pump natural gas signed by 
Gazprom, Total S A of France 
and the Malaysian oil com- 
pany PetroUam NasionaJ 
Bhd, known as Petronas. 

Gazprom's postponement 
of the bond issue gives the 
Clinton adminis tration and its 


allies time to come up with a 
solution, but it does not make 
the problem go away. 

At the White House on 
Tuesday, key cabinet secre- 
taries met in a so-called prin- 
cipals' meeting to discuss the 
competing interests involved 
— American national secu- 
rity, deterrence of Iran, rela- 
tions with allies, relations with 
Russia, relations with Con- 
gress and the impact of any 
new sanctions on the repu- 
tation of American markets. 

“This is a very tough 
one," a senior administration 
official said. “There are a lot 
of competing interests, and 
the coherence of our Iran 


policy is at stake." 

Stopping the Gazprom fi- 
nancing would punish a com- 
pany, partly owned by the 
Russian government, that is 
vital to the success of Rus- 
sia's shaky market economy. 
It would also punish Gold- 
man, Sachs, a big contributor 
to Mr. Clinton's campaign 
whose former co-chairman is 
Treasury Secretary Robert 
Rubin, without stopping any 
other foreign company from 
underwriting Gazprom. 

Stopping the financing 
would also short-circuit a 
process of investigation of the 
companies, called for under 
the law, and disrupt negoti- 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


_ - Nov. 12 

Cross Rates w K u, M w. u o 

1“ JjS £ Saws mi im 

Bfwwfc mbs 2185 ££ aim- ufti lmst on 1J®* tfw ,JMr 
15141 iwn imubm um oath i* 1 w* 7 

towton (a) 1J0B J— UJJJ JiXa ngjt 181323 1BUW — 

UaM “fS Svn — SOU HM UK47 MB U»B 11SS 

MDan WB ia5S XM LSI HUB \M MW 

Maw York CtO — H’” 087 Sffl* 19714 UOI 4.U4 4AB* 1W 

Pahs UMS 9 M 3JW ^ jgjg #53 — Ml UOt 

w US JS 5! S 1 w ijk — . 5*: 

Toronto S SS Uffl -WET MW 1*11' — IW «« “J 

S3 K {£! rS S SS S JS !S ’SS 'w i»*j 


Libld-Libor Rates no* 12 

Subs French 

Donor D-Mflrt Prune Staling Fnw Yen ECU 

1 -month 5ft-5»ft. 3*6 -ST* 1ft -1 ’Vs 7ft -7ft 3V*-3ft. ft- ft 4ft. 4ft. 
3-month 5W-5V* 3*-3?b 2-2VH 75V- rv* 3r»-3'Vi4 W 

i-month 5<y*-5Vi.3 1 5V-3Vo 2 -2ft 7*V ■ 7*W 31* • 3ft fe-fti 4ft. 4V» 
1-jwr 5ftm-6 JVu-Jft 2ft-2tt T 1 ^- 7Wif4W-4Vo 41*.4>W 

Sow ts: Reuters. Lloyds, Bank. 

Rates owrtfcoWe to Interbank deposits of SI m®wi iMtmm (oreqmtolM). 


Key Money Rates 


Other Dollar Values 


OirnKT PW* 
AnpnLpao 0.WB6 
Antrnaans 1J42 
AustrtnidL T2JQS5 
Brazil real 1.10*5 
OtoHMynaa 03113 
CxKft tontta 3249 
DanBDkraae *51 M 
Egypt- powd 34015 
Ffemarttai 5.1*55 


Conner 
Gf»t (Poe 
Haag Kangs 
Hvog. twin' 
Indtonrupet 

In*, rat** : 

Irirts 
fmtRcM 
Kuwdfear 
Matey, ring. 


Mapeu 
N- Zealand S 
tten. krem 
PW-pnw 
paten Italy 
PWtMowto 
Ru»ra«e 
Sowfitiynl 
Staj.1 


Forward Rates 

-...r, awny QOT *° 

PM* stare* I-*** &£££" 

eSSSidlSr 14067 140£ ^ 

DWtactaBWk 1.7104 1.7077 1.704# 




C wi —cy 

S.Afr.iwt 

5.K0T.WM! 

Taiwan# 

TMbaM 

TnrtefcGra 

UAEdkfcm 

Vtaw-WiY. 


JMay *Mdf »«W 

12SJ5* 12476 12422 
{£» 0901 MM 


VtiM State 

Ctou 

Ptwt 

Erttotn 


Dtscauat rata 

SJ» 

■L00 

Bonk base rate 

7ft 

PitBHrate 

8ft 

8ft 

UDmaaey 

7.00 

pi rieriE fiutili 

rooonR 

5ft 

5ft 

1 -awalti ktteAGDk 

7ft 

JKMay CDs deatoft 

SJ9 

5.69 

3-fnonlt) interbank 

7ft 

no-day CP dHtors 

SJS 

5£S 

t^raolti intertwnfc 

7* 

3-aoatfa Treasury MB 

5.15 

S . 20 

10 -ywrGin 

649 

IftearTressBiy MU 

115 

5.17 



J^ew Treasury bfl! 

549 

£71 

PjJJO 

* 

5-year Treasury note 

580 

£82 

iBhneeflM rate 

330 

7-year TrMBayiufe 

5J6 

5.B7 

Cell money 

3ft 

10-ynr Treasury ante 

5*9 

£90 

1-oontb toteftarefe 

3ft. 

30-year Treasury bead 

6.10 

6.15 

3-Bwattf infertxmJi 

3ft 

Menu Lyndi 3Moy RA 

SJJ9 

£09 


3m 

Japan 



UkyeerOAT 

SautBMr JteuWK. Bh 

542 

lanemn. 


sowrss: m Bo* 


loSffiSSS 

Gammy 
Lombard rale 

Coo manor 

IttMott) Interim* 
34 nes& lafertxmk 
framnMi ia twhe nk 
It^ear Band 


OSD OSD 
041 040 

046 052 

047 053 

049 OSS 
1.90 1X7 

440 450 

347 3S0 
3S7 3S4 

3J0 3-73 

3J6 
542 557 


. Sown**: Fmmk. Btoomben MtnUI 
Lynch, Bonk of Tokyo-Mlfsoblthl, 
Carjmenbew*. Crafts LyomoH. 

Gold 

AM. PJUL GPgt 

Zmtdl 3094)5 30*50 —320 

Lawton 310.10 30015 —3.90 

NWYM 31040 308.30 -230 

UA (taflws perwncfc London official 


and dating prices No# York i 
(OeC J 

sauce: Routes. 


ations with European allies 
about how to deal most ef- 
fectively with Iran and its ef- 
forts to develop weapons of 
mass destruction and the mis- 
siles to deliver them. 

Adding to the pressure on 
the administration. Congress 
had begun to discuss how to 
punish Goldman, Sachs, and is 
already bolding up the issuing 
of further Export-Import Bank 
credits to Gazprom. 

No one at Goldman, Sachs 
would comment .on the 
Gazprom announcement. 
While Gazprom has good fi- 
nancial reasons — turbulent 
stock and debt markets in Rus- 
sia — to postpone the bond 


offering, both it and Goldman, 
Sachs have good political and 
strategic reasons not to chal- 
lenge the Clinton administra- 
tion now, U25. officials said, 
just when it is trying to sal- 
vage its Iran policy without 
starting a sanctions war with 
the rest of the world. 

■ Malaysia ‘Hearing’ 

Malaysia will receive Wil- 
liam Ramsay, the U.S. deputy 
assistant secretary of state for 
energy, sanctions and com- 
modities. next week, and “al- 
low him a hearing' ’ to explain 
the Iran-Libya Sanctions Act, 
Bloomberg News reported 
from Kuala Lumpur. 


BT Plans to Buy Back 
MCI’s Stake in Concert 


CiVvilrdlrrOurSuffFram Dtspflrfo 

LONDON — British Tele- 
communications PLC said 
Wednesday it would buy 
back the 24.9 percent stake 
that MCI Communications 
Corp. holds in Concert PLC, 
the companies' international 
phone venture. 

The move follows World- 
Com Inc.'splan to pay British 
Telecom $7 billion in cash for 
its 20 percent stake in MCI. 
WorldCom is buying British 
Telecom’s MCI stake as part 
of its planned $41.8 billion 
cash-and-debt acquisition of 
the No. 2 U.S. long-distance 
company. 

BT declined to say when it 
might make the purchase and 
would not say now much it 
was willing to pay for MCI's 
stake in the service. 

Concert, which provides 
phone services to big compa- 


nies around the world, is a key 
part of British Telecom's 
strategy to expand its global 
reach. 

BT already owns 75.1 per- 
cent of Concert and the pur- 
chase from MCI would give 
the British company frill con- 
trol of the business, making 
BT more attractive to a U.S. 
partner. 

"BT is continuing to dis- 
tance itself from MCI," said 
Brian Adamik, an analyst at 
Yankee Group in Boston. 
"As the lines are being 
drawn, MCI is going to be a 
major competitor. * ’ 

British Telecom has said it 
is in talks with several U.S. 
phone companies about pos- 
sible alliances. By buying 
back the stake in MCI, BT 
said it would have “greater 
control and flexibility’Mo run 
Concert (Bloomberg, AFP) . 


The state- run news agency 
Beraama quoted Malaysia's 
Foreign Ministry as repeating 
the government’s position 
that the U.S. act “does not 
apply" to Petronas. 


“Malaysia is vigorously' 
opposed to the extraterritorial 
provisions of the lran-Ubya- 
Sanctions Act that prescribes 
unilateral sanctions.” the' 
Foreign Ministry said. 


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PAGE 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


THE AMERICAS 




- 1 640 


— - -em 



Doubts on Japan Economy Lift Dollar 


BRAZIL: Austerity Plan ffits§ 


QmfUenvOwA^Pitmotfmeka rose to 5:7527 French francs from 

NEW YORK — The dollar moved 5.7239 francs. The pound fell to 
higher Wednesday against most other $1.7045 from $2.7090. 
major currencies, surging against the The dollar had pierc 
yen, but paring gains against the -■ 

Deutsche mark after the Federal Re- FOREIGN EXC 
serve Board left rates unchanged. : 



— ^ - « 120 



se to 5:7527 French francs from unrelenting,’' 

7239 francs. The pound fell to With rising exports being one of the 

.7045 from $1.7090. few bright spots m the Japanese econ- 

The dollar had pierced the 126 yen omy, traders are interpreting silence on' 
■ the part of Japanese officials as an 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE endorsement of the yea’s s decline. 
The yen has also been undermined 


Continued from Page 11 was .impossible," Mf. 

Machado said. 3* 

told Brazilians in a live tele- Car sales are poised to ta 

vision broadcast detailing the as borrowing rates climb and 
austerity measures. the tax on new car purchases 

Brazil’s aim. with the pack- was raised by 5 percentage 
age is to narrow its A twin points- Car production should 
deficits," the shortfalls in fall by 20 percent and reran 
public accounts and foreign car sales may decline 40 
transactions. Some Asian cent, according to the re#- 
countries wiffi similar prab- abrave car sales association* 
learns were forced to devalue In some ways, the austere? 

their currencies this year. package recalls die uneasy 
Man$ economists say the days wheu Brazil’s fragile cn- 
deficiis are the biggest threat vifian governments emerges 
to a three-year-oMT flirtation from two decades of anflV 
with economic stability, rule and announced plan aftra 
Thanks to the government’s plan to curb inflation. Press 1 - 
maiket-oriente d policies, ideal Fernando HennqUfe 

about 13 million Brazilians Cardoso’s “Real Plan’ 
have nudged up the consumer Brazil's sixth stabilization 








s: Bloomberg, Reuters 


Very briefly: 




anticipated, it left open the possibility 
that interest rates in Germany may rise 
before they do in United States. 

"The Bundesbank has tightened and 
it may tighten again," said Steve Galla- 
gher, an economist at Societe Generate. 
"That’s why the dollar's falling." 

it was at 1.7?75 Deutsche^marks in 4 
P.M. trading, up from 1 .7045 DM. The 
U.S. currency was also at 1 .3920 Swiss 
francs, up from 1.3895 francs and it 


The dollar rose to 126.525 yen from dustry. 


125.045 yen. “I think the dollar will rise to 

"What's brought the dollar here is 127-50, where there will be some psy- 
fonda mental concern about the Jan- chological resistance," said Claudio 
anese economic situation and the real- Demolli, a currency strategist at Mer- 
jzation that the rally thing left to do is rill Lynch. "I don’t think Japan's prob- 
let the currency weaken," said Seth lems will be enough. to keep people’s 
Garrett, global head of spot currency minds off the events that caused the 
trading at Credit Suisse First Boston, dollar to crash in May." 

"The yen’s move has been steady but (Bloon 


MARKETS: Brazil Shares Slump as Asia Unsettles World Stocks 


Continued from Page 11 


buenulMoal Herald Tnbooe 


rekindling inflation and ket research at the Bank of 
prompting still higher interest America in London. "And 
rates ana lower economic currently Korea is die number 
growth. It could also touch off oae candidate." 
a series of competitive de- As the world's sixth-largest 


instability," said Richard Bloomberg News. "If 1 could 
Gray, head of emerging mar- choose one word to describe 


ket research at the Bank of today’s trading it would be: 
America in London. "And confused." 

Mgtabton*. ■ Sentiment Is Negative 

As the world's sixth-largest Stocks fell on concern that 


(Bloomberg, AFP) - time consumer products from 
‘ washing machines to dispos- 

able diapers. 

i - if y |j o, I Consumers are now. hold- 

eS World StOCKS ijug back from buying new 

items, especially since the 
"Sentiment in the stock rise in interest rates to 43 per- 
market is still very much on cent means credit will get 

4.. if d.>» — - ri-kh- ■ 


ladder, buying for the first program since L986. 
time consumer products from This time around, 
washing machine s to dispos- however, the stakes hatffc 


a series of competitive de- As the world's sixth-largest Stocks fell on concern that The 
valuations akin to those that ' trading nation, and as a coon- corporate profits may suffer Index 
began in Asia in July with the try whose exports of autos more than expected from to 90 


• Microsoft Corp-’s chairman and chief executive, Bill devaluation of the Thai baht, and computer chips 

Gates, fried with the Securities and Exchange Commission in "Our view is that investors directly with Japan, 
recent weeks to sell 2.15 million shares of the software should shift their money say that the fate of tb 
company, which is less than 1 percent of his stake but is worth wholesale out of emerging 
about $282 million, as the stock hovered near a four-month market stocks, bonds and cur- 
low. It is nevertheless up about 57 percent this year. rencies,’ ' said James Lister 

• EES Industries lire's plan to merge with two neighboring Cheese, an analyst at fade- 


and computer chips compete slowing growth in Asia and composite index, which is 
directly with Japan, analysts Latin America, Bloomberg laden with computer-related 
say that the fate of the Korean News reported. companies, fell 43. 15 points 

won is altogether more im- Banking stocks such as to 1,541.71. 


the negative side, said Peter 
Cardiflo, director of research 
at Westfalia Investments in 
New Yrak. 

The Standard & Poor’s 500 
Index dropped 17.85 points, 
to 905.93, and the Nasdaq 
composite index, which is 


"The dream of buying my 
first car hag just disap- 
peared,” said Jonas 
Machado, 32, a musician liv- 
ing in Barra de Sao Joao, a 


grower for investors. Foreign L 
ers have sunk more than 
$11.6 billion of direct invest 1 - F 
ment in the form of factories 
or acquisitions into Brazil so 
far tius year, compared with 
$6-2 billion in all of 1996, 
according to the central 
bank. "• 

While these investors qre 
not likely to retreat from their 
Brazilian plans, investment in 


about $282 million, as the stock hovered near a four-month market stocks, bonds and cur- portent than that of the Thai 
low. It is nevertheless up about 57 percent this year. rencies," said James Lister baht or the Hong Kong dol- 

• EES Industries Inc/s plan to merge with two neighboring Cheese, an analyst at fade- lar. 

Midwestern electric companies, WPL Holdings Inc. and pendent Strategy in London. The nearly 15 percent slide 


resort town on the northern Brazil’s stock market has 
coast of Rio de Janeiro state, dropped on concern tost 


say that the fate of the Korean News reported. 

won is altogether more im- Banking stocks such as 


Mr. Machado was close to slower economic growth and 
buying a used compact car high interest rates will cause 
made by Fiat SpA after ham- corporate profits to fall. , 


Crap. < 
Tne 


rp and computer-re- Analysts had predicted that mering out a financing plan in Foreign investment m 
snares such as 3Com the Fed would refrain from which he would pay monthly Brazilian stocks fell by ai- 


. declined the most 


consensus 


Interstate Power Co^ creating a $2 billion company called 
Interstate Energy, was approved by the Federal Energy 
Regulatory Commission. 


The firm suggests that in- m the value of the won against strong that the Fed would 


vestors skip equities entirely the U.S. dollar in the 
in favor of the safe havens of date threatens to boost 


raising rates because the installments of about 200 
nimble in Asian and Latin reals (Si 82). But the increase 
American markets and thfe fa interest rates pushed the 


installments of about 200 most 60 percent in the final 
reals (Si 82). But the increase week of October. And domes- 


tic investors withdrew 22 par- 


year to 
Korean 


leave rates unchanged that . economies in those regions monthly payment up to 275 cent of their total investment 


any buying based on that see- will act as a brake on U.S. 


• Apple Computer Inc. said it had sold $500,000 worth of the bond markets in big de- exports at the expense of Ja- nario may already have been economic growth and infla- 
computers taitsfirst 12 hours of direct sdhng on the Internet, veloped economies. pan's, where economic igrowtii done, analysts said. non. 

Such pessimistic views remains elusive and where the 
starting at midday Monday. ^ ^litered Wednesday rn.Hr** .nnrh^ o 7 


remains elusive and where the 
stock market shed another 2.7 


rears. 

"It’s almost like the days 
when buying anything big 


in stock funds in October, ac- 
cording to the Sao Paulo stodk 
exchange. 


• Aerospatiale will join forces with the U.S. company Sky- by a report out of Hong Kong percent on Wednesday, 
bridge to create a satellite service of high-speed data transfer ^ estimated that bad debts. Meanwhile, the Bov 


for the Internet and multimedia. 

• Federated Department Stores Inc. said third-quarter earn- 
ings rose 53 percent from a year ago, to $105.1 million, on 


lower costs. 


money owed to Asian banks 
outside of Japan by borrowers 
now unable to repay, will 


Meanwhile, the Bovespa's 
decline was led by Telecomu- 
nicacoes Brasilenas S A, Pet- 
roleo Brasileiro SA and 


AMEX 


Bloomberg, AFP, AFX total a half-trillion dollars by Centrals Elections Brasiieiras 


mid- 1998. 

The report from the Per- 

McDonald’s Robot: Fries. With. That? 

The Associated Press that one-fifth of all lending fa 

CHICAGO — McDonald's Carp, said Wednesday that it nine Asian countries will go 
would introduce a type of restaurant that aims to pul the "fast" sour, 
back in fast food and lure more customers into its U.S. outlets. Just as the world's attention 

The company demonstrated the new technology, which is briefly and disastrously be- 
being tested in 500 stores across the United States that virtually came riveted on Hong Kong 
automates the ordering process. A computer-monitored ma- late last month, attention is 
chine makes the fries. Other robot machines prepare drinks, now shifting to the world's 
and computers instantly convey orders to human cooks. 1 1 th-Jargest economy. South 

A computer even "senses" increases in customer traffic Korea, 
and orders workers to make up particular sandwiches in "The markets are worried 


advance. It can also 


mid- 1998. SA. the state-controlled tele- 

The report from the Per- phone holding company, oil 
egrine Group, a Hong Kong company and electricity hold- 
investment house, estimated mg company respectively, 
that one-fifth of all lending in The common and nonvoting 
nine Asian countries will go preferred shares were respon- 
sour. sible fra more than 60percent 

Just as the world's attention of the Bovespa's decline, 
briefly and disastrously be- Some fund managers ex- 
came riveted on Hong Kong pressed frustration at what 
late last month, attention is they considered an "irration- 
now shifting to the world’s al 1 * reaction on the part of 
1 1 th-Jargest economy. South many investors. 

Korea. "People are looking for li- 

"The markets are worried quidity at any price," said 
about anyone catching a cold Manuel Maceira of Banco 


Wednesday’s 4 PJL Close 

IT* 300 most traded stocks d the day, 
up to the doling on WoB Street 
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INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 


17* «n 

193 I 
no isv 


No* 12, 1997 

HUB Low Latest Chav Opw 
Grains 

CORNICBOT) 

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Eat. ados 74000 Tim ados 74157 
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100 MM- baton pw tan 
DM 97 24730 23430 23450 -540 40487 
Jen 98 23300 23000 230.10 -530 24821 
MOT 98 22930 225W 22430 -340 21019 
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Aog 78 22450 22300 22150 -250 4893 

Eal. kMs 27000 Tim tales 33007 
Tun open fftf 129349, BP 390 

SOYBEAN OIL (CSOTl 
44000 8 k- cent* per lb 

DM 97 2484 2504 2437 *038 47027 

JO. 98 2450 25.97 2452 - 034 32.140 

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May *6 2432 2410 2457 *005 9,939 

Jill 98 2448 74.10 2485 0.11 1857 

Aug 98 2430 2555 2415 030 914 

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Jan 98 TJT-i 728 i 230» -7tt 75,154 

Mar 93 739 731-* 733V, -6't 25,303 

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15000 bs.- cents per lb. 

Jm«8 8340 8030 8345 *280 ZUM 

Mar 98 BSJO 8150 8430 *2.10 11,939 

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fTL 200 mGhM - pta at 100 pet 

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Jim 98 N.T. MT. 11TX9 —033 1)4129 

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|CSFB Pays Barclays 
$256 Million for BZW 


►..LONDON — Barclays PLC fi- 
nally reached agreement with Credit 
Suisse First Boston on Wednesday 
the sale of parts of the British 
banking company’s BZW invest- 
joent ba nk ing arm in a deal worth 
£150 million ($255.6 million). 

-r' Barclays said that Credit Suisse 
JSrst Boston would buy its British 
-and European equities and mergers 
businesses. The sale, which also in- 
cludes part of BZW’s equities de- 
rivatives business, will result in the 
.transfer of 960 BZW employees, the 
companies said. - 

CSFB will pay £100 million to 
Barclays and £50 million in pay- 
•ments to keep employees, including 
■more than 100 senior BZW staff. 

J.; ..“The price is pretty homfic,” 
4J-said Philip Harris, an investment 
manager at Albert E. Sharp. “At 
least they made a pretty clear break 
and found an exit, but it’s a sorry end 
.to a British investment bank story.” 

Barclays is abandoning an II- 
year strategy to build a global in- 


1 vestment bank that could compete 
LC 0- with such rivals as Merrill Lynch & 
Credit Co. and Deutsche Bank AG. 
tesday The purchase provides Credit 
British Suisse First B osteal with a quick 
invest- way to expand in Britain and fulfill 
worth its ambition to become a global 
). player in the securities industry with 
Suisse a stronger presence in Europe. BZW 
British is the No. 2 market maker in Britain, 
ergers Europe's largest equities market. 

Iso in- Barclays shares finished down 37 

es de- pence at 1.466. 
in the BZW’s Australian, New Zealand, 
es, the and Asian operations are still for 
sale, as Credit Suisse First Boston 
ion to decided it did not want them. Chief 
l pay- Executive Martin Taylor of Barclays 
Ludiug said the units would likely be sold by 
aff. the end of the year, BZW’s fixed 
rific,” income and foreign -exchange units 
uroent have been put in a new division, 

. "At Barclays Capital Group, 
break Barclays aid not say what price it 
ry end hoped to get for the BZW equities 
ory.” businesses as a whole. Early analysts’ 
nil- estimates had been as high as £500 
al in- million. {Reuters, Bloomberg) 


ING Outlines Strategy 
Behind Bid for Lambert 


I . . Reuters 

1 . AMSTERDAM -— The Dutch fi- 

nancial-services group Internationale 
Nederlanden Groep NV said Wed- 
nesday that its record bid for Banque 
Bruxelles Lambert S A was part of a 
three-pronged strategy to prepare for 
a- single European currency, spread 
its profit base and integrate its fi- 
nancial-services products. 

ING ended months of rumors late 
Tuesday when It unveiled a 9 billion 
guilders ($4.66 billion) bid, the 
biggest in Dutch corporate history, 
for Belgium’s third-largest bank. " 

- The acquisition, if it goes 
through, will create the biggest 
banking group in the Benelux region 
and Europe's 12th lamest bank, with 
l* y combined assets of 814 billion 
guilders. "Firstly, we want to ex- 
pand our earnings base/* ING's 
chairman, Aad Jacobs, said in a 
Dutch radio interview. "At the mo- 
ment, 70 percent of the total comes 
from the Netherlands. 

“Secondly, we are preparing for 


the euro market in which ING is a 
small fish at the moment And 
thirdly, BBL and our existing in- 
surance firms will create an inte- 
grated financial service.’* 

ING said it viewed the Belgian 
market as a springboard to the rest of 
Europe, particularly France, where 
ING is not currently represented. 

The Dutch financial group, per- 
haps best known for rescuing the 
British investment house Barings in 
1995, already has a 13.4 percent 
capita] stake in BBL and 20 percent 
of the voting rights. It is offering 
BBL shareholders six depositary re- 
ceipts for ordinary ING shares, one 
call warrant and 300 Belgian francs 
($8 JO) for each BBL share held. 

The offer, valid from Dec. 3 to 17, 
values the Belgian bank at 10.4 bil- 
lion guilders and each share at 9 ,500 
Belgian francs. 

BBL shares closed at 9,390 
francs, up 390, in Brussels. ING 
shares closed at 81 guilders, down 
1.80, in Amsterdam. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


EUROPE 


Mercedes 9 A- Class Receives Award 

Car That Flipped Over Is Voted Best in Class by a German Paper 

. „ s P°i led rotten by ihe car manufacturers and h’a 

BERLIN — Mercedes-Benz AG s A-CIass won obvious why.” 
the 1997 Golden Steering Wheel award Wednesday as Robert Collin, who has cars for die Swedish 
the best new car in its class a day after Daimler-Benz magazine Teknikens Varid for the past 13 years 
AG said it would temporarily halt shipments of the car proclaimed the "Baby Benz" to be unstable after it 
until February after it tipped over in a test run. flipped during the test 

Separately, the Swedish test driver, whose trial run "I have tested many bad cars, but this was not just 

with Mercedes-Benz’s A-Class small car prompted a bad car. it was a disaster,” Mr. Collin said. * ‘It was 
an international safety scare, said it was a relief to see so much worse than any other car on the market that 
the car taken off the road. they could not possibly continue to sell it In a while 

Goldman Sachs & Co., meanwhile, said that de- they will be very grateful this happened now/' 
spite the controversy, Daimler-Benz would retain its Undeterred by the personal criticism he suffered 

rating as a market performer. for taking a stand against the car, Mr. Collin chal- 

Tbe award, from the editors of the German news- lenged the company’s contention that the car’s in- 
paper Bild am Sonntag, comes as welcome news to stability was due to problems with the tires. 
Mercedes, which has seen the A-Class come under a Keith Hayes, an analyst at Goldman, said in a note 

wave of bad publicity. that despite the problem with the car he was retaining 

The award’s jury said it was not worried by reports his earnings estimates for Daimler-Benz, Mercedes’ 
the A-Class was unstable. parent company. Daimler said the redesign would 

‘ The A-Class is a safe and, during normal driving, cost 100 million Deutsche marks ($58 J millioa) in 
a good handling vehicle," Bild’s chief editor. Mi- 1997 and 200 million DM in 1998. 
chael Sprang, said at the presentation of the award. ’ The biggest impact is probably to Mercedes’ wide 


One of the award jury's board members, Rauno 
Aaltonen, said he had put the car through the so- 
called "elk test" — which had first exposed the A- 
C lass’s stability problems — and that it had shown no 
problems. 


* The biggest impact is probably to Mercedes’ pride 
rather than its financial well-being," Mr. Hayes said. 
Daimler’s shans fell 1.45 DM to 109.75 DM. 
Daimler said It was modifying' the A-Class’ 
chassis, which, in addition to several previously 


oblems. announced upgrades of the car, meant it would stop 

The “elk test” refers to a quick evasive turn thar a deliveries for J 2 weeks and that production would 


car makes to avoid a large animal or other obstacle on 
the road. It was during such a test conducted by a 
Swedish car magazine that the A-Class first rolled 
over. 

Germany's motoring press came under fire Wed- 
nesday for failing to detect the car's flaw. Critics 
assailed the German car media for what they called 
tame coverage of the A-cIass and excessively close 
ties to the domestic car industry. 


Separately, Daimler said cancellations of orders 
for the A-Class doubled to 2,000, although analysis 
said the car’s launch would weather the storm of 
negative publicity. 

“They will clearly suffer," said Simon Miller, 
auto analyst at Union Bank of Switzerland. “Bat they 
have reacted quickly and probably done more than 
any other carmaker would do to make modifications 

.. j :n l_i i « * 


JL — ■ ““J UV w uioav iuuumuuiuiU 

* Most of the German journalists were wearing and that will probably save them/’ 
rose-colored spectacles when they tested this car." Daimler said that despite the cancellations, it had 
said Peter Schmidt, an analyst and journalist for received an equal number of new orders, leaving total 
Automotive Industry Data newsletter in London, orders unchanged at about 100,000 units. 


"Journalists at magazines and newspapers are 


{Reuters, Bloomberg, AFX) 









,7f\- <4.1 


Trichet Gets Backing for Bid to Head Bank 


Reuters 

MILAN — Rudiger Dombusch, a 
U.S. economist, said Wednesday 
that he thought Jean -Claude Trichet, 
the governor of the Bank of France, 
would make an excellent president 
of the European central bade, and he 
suggested that the Bundesbank’s 
chief economist, Otmar Issing, 
should be his deputy. 

“The candidacy of Jean-Claude 
Trichet to the position of president of 
the European central bank is an un- 
usually good choice," stud Mr. Dorn- 
busch in an article in the Milan news- 
paper Coniere della Sera. 

France announced last week that 


it was putting forward Mr. Trichet to 
run the European central bank. Wrm 
Duisenberg of the Netherlands, who 
heads the European Monetary In- 
stitute, had been the front-runner for 
the job. 

Mr. Dombusch, an economics 
professor at the Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology, said that were 
it not for Mr. Trichet there would be 
no European economic and mon- 
etary union. 

"In his capacity as governor of 
the Bank of France he has imposed a 
special monetary policy which has 
allowed convergence to be 
achieved. Without these results. 


monetary union simply would not 
exist," Mr. Dombusch said. 

Separately, Reimut Jochimsen, a 
member of the Bundesbank council, 
said a timely launch of European 
monetary union was now more prob- 
able than ever, but he added that he 
was "concerned" about the debate 
over who should head the bank. 

Mr. Jochimsen said it was “ex- 
traordinarily regrettable" that ef- 
forts to create a framework for in- 
dependent European monetary 
policy were overshadowed by a lack 
of consensus on the bank and the 
recent dispute over a political coun- 
terweight to it 


mmm • * ■ 


Source: Tetekurs Imenm>'nal Herald THhrae 

Very brief ys 

• British Sky Broadcasting PLC, Britain's leading pay-TV 
provider, said first-quarter profit fell 7 percent to £61.6 million 
($105.0 million) amid high costs related to its digital broad- 
casting service, which is to start this spring. Revenue for the 
quarter ended Sept. 30 rose 24 percent to £330.2 million. 

• Etam PLC, a financially troubled British fashion chain, 
accepted a takeover offer from its French namesake, Etam 
Develqppement, valuing the British company at £93 million. 
The deal wings together the companies founded in France and 
Britain by the Lindemann family in die 1920s. 

• Bayer AG and Sobering AG, two of Germany's largest 
drugmakers, both said the weak mark contributed to strong 
third-quarter earning*. Bayer said pretax profit rose 18 percent 
from a year ago to 1.16 billion Deutsche marks ($678.9 
million) as sales rose 19 percent to 13.93 billion DM. Sober- 
ing ’s profit rose 67 percent to 70 million DM. 

• Thyssen AG, the German industrial conglomerate, said its 
operating profit for the year ending Sept. 30 would likely be 
double last year’s earnings of 610.5 million DM. 

• Accor S A, France's biggest hotel operator, said third-quarter 
sales rose 18 percent to 8T6 billion francs ($1.5 billion) as the 
weak franc attracted more tourists from the United States and 
Britain. Accor operates the Motel 6, Ibis and Sofitel chains. 

• Telefonica de Espana SA said strong sales from its Latin 
American operations and its domestic cellular-phone unit 
helped profit rise 18 percent to 141.70 billion pesetas (5982.9 
million) for the first nine months of the year. 

• Scandinavian Airlines System said pretax profit for the first 
nine months of the year rose 21 percent, to 1 .75 billion Swedish 
kronor ($234.3 million) as passenger numbers rose 3.9 percent 
and sales rose 10 percent, to 28.73 billion kronor. 

• The European Commission does not see competition 
barriers to the combination of WorldCom Inc. with MCI 
Communications Corp., sources said- Bloomberg. Reuters 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


Nlgil Ln Close Pi**. 


High Low Close Pre«. 


High Low Close Pre*. 


Wednesday, Nov. 12 

Prices In locol currencies. 

Tele* urs 

High Low dose Pm. 


Amsterdam 

ABN-AMRO 37, 
Aegon 154. 

Ahofcl 49. 

'Aim Nobel 325. 

Boon to. 

Bols Wesson 
CSMora 
Ponhsdie PH 
DSM 174. 

E bevler 
Forth Arne* 

Getmnia 
G-Breccw 

HeEetaT 317. 

Hoogownscva 
HMDaugW 
1 INC Group 
KLM 
KNPBT 
KPN 

mnnaa 
OoEGreilea 
PhCpsBec 145 


Row* Dutch 
U anew ora 
Verna inn 
VNU 

WoRenKlcw : 

Bangkok 

AdvMoSK 
BmglofcBkF 
Krona Ibol Bl 
PTT Exptor 
StomCemerfF 
Siam Com BkF 
TefcoaamM 

ssgr&F 

UMGoon 

: Bombay 

BoMAoto 
novum Lew 
Htadurt Petal 
MDevBk 
ITC 

JMnonTlI 
Retontelml 
Slate BH Mo 
Steel Auflnifly 
Tata Eeg Loco 

Brussels 


AEX tado£ ML52 

pmkwBVn 

3460 3SJ0 37-50 
15150 15230 15430 

48.40 49.10 49.40 
32230 323.90 32730 

133 13310 13130 

29.40 29.40 20-38 
87 JO 88 88.10 
9870 W30 100.10 
17330 178W 17430 
30L40 30.70 30.60 

75 7!un 75*0 
57 JO 4810 59.40 
50® 50-50 S170 
7830 00 82 

31230 31180 31840 
8630 86.90 8880 
TO.7U 80 79.80 

90.40 81 81 JO 

70 7130 71.70 

44J0 4530 4130 
TUBS 7449 TIM 

53.90 54.90 508 
52^0 52-60 5140 
20230 20230 21330 
13850 14030 14830 
10360 104-50 10730 
77 7730 78 

17330 17330 177.10 
5630 54.90 57 

167.70 167 JO 171.10 

117.70 11730 JIB 

9930 100 100.90 

10870 109 JO 10930 

9410 99 101.40 

45 4530 4810 
23630 23890 23880 


SET tadn 46937 
PmtaBs: 44334 


717 

204 

152 

143 

18JO 

16.75 

40S 

408 

394 

380 

87 

83« 

2195 

19.75 

52 

50 

117 

104 

£5 

62 

SuttJta 


5693S 55830 
13® 1W 
47150 451 

97 8730 
571.75 551-25 
23430 229 

17830 16825 
26850 25330 
14 13-W 
340 33150 


Cord bid 

BBL 

CBN 

Crtniyt 

TMNnellon 

Efedrobd 

EkcMta 

Forth AG 

Genert 

GBL 

Gen Banque 
JCratiettw* 

TWmfhui 

rnwww 
RMHfln 
-Ro*ol» Beige 
SocGeiBeW 


1500 1486 

6820 6660 
9510 9320 
3100 304) 

1B400 17800 
IBS 1700 
9030 7940 

3260 3200 

6640 Affiti 
1460 1400 

5370 5250 
13850 13625 
13900 13625 
13150 13000 
SID® 5050 
9540 MB 
3145 StM 
2070 2040 

3055 30*5 
119000117000 


Copenhagen a-j—Jgg 

.BGBonfc 42ft JlO 41338 420 

me is ssj 



High Law Qom 

fhw. 

Deutsche Balk 

11090 108.70 10895 11190 

DflutTetefcom 

3290 

3180 

3J.K 

3295 

DreHtereiButo 

694D 

6790 

6 ft 

mn 

Frescnhn 

275 

m 

275 

2B0 


119 11450 

117 

120 

Fried. Knipp 

382 

375 

382. 

382 

Grtie 

95 

9290 

93 


IWdefcsZmT 

139 

137 13790 

139 

Henkalpfd 

9730 

9490 

97 

95 

HEW 

463 

460 

460 

460 

Hochtief 

7190 

6990 

69.95 

nm 


67.90 

66.10 

66J0 

60) 

Kantodl 

553 

545 

547 

563 


SABnwaria 

123 

122 12240 

124 

UtaUWBm 

795 

699 

795 

Sanancor 

n gi 

33 3X50 

33 

Vendome Lxuts 

X57 

343 

348 

Scsat 

5740 

55 56.10 

57.90 

Vodafone 

348 

398 

396 

SBtC 

21540 21390 21390 

216 

WMbreod 

7.95 

IX. 

7M 

Tiger Oats 

68.50 

66 6640 

Ml 

WHonsHdae 

X59 

34U 

343 




Wobdey 

406 

447 

5 





WPP Group 

2B6 

290 

2JB1 


-Frankfurt 

~AMB B 
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Marc Hdg 
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9kB«e 
BA5F 


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CeMMiriKnn 

DdmtarBuz 

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ISO U 7 
24850 24810 
3030 377 

■8M 

5830 

71.90 7 M 0 
, 99 S 0 dUft 
5875 5740 
74 72 J 0 
3940 39.25 
1185 1155 
15140 14930 
5930 5820 
1WJ0 TOJ0 
2840 7540 


LfiSlHKW 74J0 7185 73.85 J5JSO 

Unde 1045 1032 1032 1055 

LutttvraoR 3830 2935 30B5 3030 

MAN S15 500 515 51630 

Monnesioann 764 757 76030 771 

MriBlqaefedHft 34 3335 3335 3445 

Meta 74.20 73.70 H 7630 

Munch Ruedc R 506 499 502 50740 

PlEtHSOg 459 451 455 458 

RWE 74J0 74 7MB 75 

SAPpM 50130 m 49530 508® 

Schema 17140 163 163 17040 

5GL Caftan 226.38 225 226 228 

Stamens 102 101.15 10130 10M0 


Kuala Lumpur o mmurn m* 

r Pmtouse<92A9 

AMMB Hdgs 5J0 530 530 545 

Gertkvg 940 9.15 9.3B 9.15 

MW BoWnq 1330 1240 1190 1110 

Md InO Stop F <30 540 875 830 

PehonosGos 945 935 940 933 

Proton 74S 7.70 7.75 745 

Public Bk 230 114 114 222 

Renong 106 199 3 X06 

Raaeh World 6.10 SJO AOS 585 

RonnoitsPM 2850 28 2825 28 

436 436 

9M 9.65 
7 JO 7.90 
635 635 

X92 4 


Springer [AmO 1340 1340 1340 1320 

sindredw 880 871 800 866 

Thyssen 42630 41830 426.50 427 

Veto 9430 93J0 9120 9490 

VEW 572 560 561 563 

Vta ms O' 835 83930 838-50 

Vtafeungen 932 918 919 96930 


Helsinki 

EnsoA 

Huhtanoldl 

Knrota 

Kesko 

Merita A 

Metro B 

Meba-ScrtaB 

Neale 

NaktaA 

Qrton-'lMvmne 

Outokumpu A 

UPMKyinmene 

lUmel 


•RltadOBinUH 

Pravtaos; 3437.10 


47 46 

2I23ii 71230 
S3 51 
TUB 7130 
U 75M 
137 133 

46.1 B 45 
123 116 

43730 42133 
203 19930 
7640 70 

11730 116 

76 7440 


46 4740 
21240 212 

51 SJ-so 
7130 7230 
2540 2820 
13330 136 

45J0 46.10 
123 122 

422 448 

500 50150 
73 76.40 
11840 11830 
75 7530 


Hong Kong 


562 56825 
13031339 JS 
4533d 475J5 
8930 97 

16825 17430 
254 259 

1375 13.75 
335.75 33735 


swe 

w 





BEL-20 tadw2282JM 
Prvrtaes: 22MJB 


ruin, rwu 

HukHianWh 
Hyson Dev 
JataBoa El Hd« 

Stmt^Dev 


s m 

3200 3245 

18 IS 

5250 5330 
13050 


S Jakarta 


2.15 m m 336 

930 m 930 W 

351 340 346 

75631 *40^,745 7095 

395000 394605 394105 1 H M8 

70S 784 785 795 

NwKorMB 740 724 73934 72930 

MniBirB 1000 980 990 WHO 

SBSSil Vi* V9 3M 387J4 

402 400 4B 

474 443 470 471 JB 


SHU 


SoinpoomoHM 
SeesenGnsOt , 
TeWnnmntasI 


Hoag Steg: 9407.91 
Plateau 1BM4.U 

6J5 6-45 640 

15 15JO 1620 
6.90 7 735 

47 4758 48B0 
I6J50 16.00 1750 
34 34J0 3570 
29.90 30.10 32 

17.40 17.&S 1810 
433 448 698 

9J5 lft3S 1040 
5875 5935 62J5 
585 « 6.10 

3640 37 3810 

nm ius 1385 
24.6H SS 25.30 
13-40 1175 1435 

1.94 l.W 283 
6850 16950 17650 
4640 47.30 4950 
1585 15.15 1540 
19 1940 19.90 
1250 1250 1170 
2Z70 23 2615 

188 1.90 1.95 

046 047 051 

060 49 51 

248 253 2J0 

483 418 450 

530 5J0 5M 

3680 37.10 39 

14 14J0 15 

7 JO 7J5 820 


CM^BSOBtadM: 49954 
Pmtaeu 44814 

075 2125 71 SO 2225 

725 675 7i® 7D9 

725 M 725 725 

0850 8300 8680 8400 

1875 1650 1825 1650 

2750 265 2700 2700 

82S0 8200 8200 8125 

5600 5250 5450 5350 

3675 3600 3600 3650 

302S 2900 2975 2975 


PAXjgtg-g 

PiMtaHt 373181 


W 150 

*891 

127 12850 
39J5 40,80 

s 

73 73 

1D9J5 Ul« 
7830 7850 


Johannesburg 

Pnrrtats: 4*59 J1 

ABSAGnup 3! 2950 30,10 31 JO 

AnglOAnCool ZX> 268 16840 270 

* 3 **“ '■ — 202 197 19780 203 

217 20840 214 218 

AngtaAmtad 145 143 144 145 

AortlAMPH 7780 7850 » 78 

MMIH 833 U5 835 US 

Bofev -17 4150 4875 4775 

CG. Sarin 21-80 2875 21 21Ji) 

109 10780 108 10980 

31 3020 30 JO 31J5 
41 3980 40 41 

9 JO 8J5 910 9J5 

74 69 7110 7870 

taipaWfUgs 60J0 SJ8 S9JD 61 

nSweCSar 20.10 » 20 20.10 

taZ. 2J9 286 286 159 

55 5810 5880 57 

330 325 328 335 

125 12160 123 12580 

1850 1530 1580 1810 
90JO 19 9070 90 

16 1886 1190 14 

10780 10380 103J0 10880 
RanbasdtGp 418ft 4080 41.10 4M0 

HmA 5480 5170 5110 55 




DriefenHn 
MNoflBk 
Gaur 
GF5A 


MthI 

JahKABM 

UbortyHOn 

LtaertyUfed 

LftUftSM 


ShneDwty 
TatakaoiMnl 
Tenqga 
Utd Engfamn 


London 

AMnrNan 985 

AHferi Domecg SjOS 

Anchor Water 840 

Argos 862 

Asria Group 181 

Assoc BrFaxh 5J1 

BAA 5J0 

Banian 15J0 

Bass 832 

BAT hid 537 

BrofcScofemS 4J» 

Bfcndrde 155 

BOC Group 932 

Boob BJB 

BPBInd 3^1 

BrttAerosp 1856 

BritAlnron 5.91 

BG 287 

BrttLond 873 

Bril Petal 8.61 

BSkyfl 816 

BrtSted 1-58 

BrSTetacam 480 

BTB 104 

Sumati Costal 1828 

Burton Gp 133 

Cat* Wifeless 4.94 

Cmftwiy Sdw 5.95 

CwtaoComm 4.92 

Comml Union 829 

Compass Gp 856 

QwrtDUhh 199 

Dtaons 884 

EtadroaaaiaoDtats 4iQ 
EMI Group 533 

Enerrjr Group 6J3 

EnterofeeGfl 680 

FomCotaiU 182 

GariAcddeiri 998 

G6C 193 

GKN 1332 

GKaoWMmme 1150 

Granada Gp 812 

Grand SSJ 

GRE • 384 

GreenaMsGo 173 

Guinness S50 

GUS 685 

Han 7JS 

HSBC HUss 1193 

K3 882 

Impl Tobacco 338 

KJnofhher 839 

Lodbrate 171 

Land Sec 992 

Lasao 177 

Legal Gad Op 899 

UsjdsTSBGd 7 JO 

LucasVMr 104 

Marts Spencer 815 

MEPC 530 

MacwvAsroi 1294 

NtfonoIGnd 191 

Nall Power 533 

NaMtaat 868 

Nod 7J3 

Namkfi Urton 163 

Ckanoe 141 

P&O 7.01 

Pemwn 782 

PMnrtm 1J6 

Roiwrtfen 7.18 

Premier Fame* 433 

PiutenCol 852 

RaQtrocXGp %€f 

R«* Group 146 

ReddlCHm 873 

Redknd 337 

Reedbril 5,83 

Rentald InBId 138 

RautnHdgs 841 

Room 198 

RTZrn 7 JO 

R/6C Group 899 

RakRmee 231 

topriBkScal 865 

RdVCd & Sen Al 165 

Sofewiy 195 

SaMbur 497 

Sdniden 1889 

5cotNowanfle 875 

Soot Ponte 839 

Secwtar 1 85 

Sewn Trent 880 

SMTnmpR 4.18 

Stabo 1135 

5mitn Nariiew 134 

5MNOM 535 

Smlhstad 865 

SOreniBK 435 

Stagecoadi 733 

Stand Charier 845 

TateLLjta 4 £4 

Tesco 4.77 

Thanes Water 886 

5 Group 434 

TIGroap 532 

Tamktos i j 

Unilever 842 

UtaAuunnc* 897 

indMm 7 jo 


FT-SE 180: 472040 
PteitaeK 4J9U0 

9.12 9J3 991 

434 434 537 

733 730 733 

847 849 860 

134 134 130 

45B 858 812 

432 895 5.14 

14.55 14.66 15.03 

809 822 828 

815 832 835 

4A5 *30 431 

138 143 153 

985 937 939 

830 847 856 

333 334 338 

ISAS 1638 1459 

548 879 538 

155 158 242 

441 473 452 

833 833 832 

398 811 827 

145 138 148 

848 852 855 

1.97 1.99 101 

930 1826 9.91 

IJI 1J1 132 

873 880 8B4 

5J8 537 593 

858 4.92 4J6 

745 829 807 

650 652 454 

184 236 292 

450 484 640 

433 435 834 

878 501 511 

6 6 421 

812 6JM 435 
136 137 140 

934 941 9.72 

338 190 347 

1150 1332 1306 
1206 1115 1155 
735 7.91 811 

532 541 557 

292 196 305 

345 171 341 

528 545 547 

445 470 481 

488 733 738 

1159 1193 1U4 
825 834 848 

334 176 336 

810 839 832 

163 246 171 

9 JO 9.82 991 
248 170 176 

450 4.90 4,87 

7.14 73S 730 

1J8 104 101 

522 545 549 

513 516 518 

1239 1290 1287 

173 233 290 

887 515 516 

843 850 875 

638 724 7J7 
134 154 340 

141 142 245 

645 483 695 

794 743 7J1 

132 1J4 1J6 

648 458 7.15 

810 419 836 

422 833 649 

908 935 940 

339 343 343 

MS 811 829 

331 133 332 

532 535 

235 129 
430 639 437 

192 194 298 

735 747 745 

Ml 891 897 

106 217 119 

423 423 643 

533 533 '■ 

174 190 

875 4J2 884 

1412 1489 1490 
455 642 642 

&SQ US U5 
181 283 187 

845 856 8.CS 

193 199 805 
1030 . 1869 1101 

132 133 134 

883 519 931 

8 849 830 
845 450 452 

7JB 743 740 

5.97 645 638 

4W 861 464 

868 872 868 

831 886 

862 874 __ 
506 532 829 

190 199 3JH 

434 852 855 

890 897 898 

497 749 735 


Madrid 

Acerew 

ACESA 

A gona Bare ekro 

Arocnturia 

BBV 

BmolD 

Bankinter 

Bco Centa Kisp 

Bco Poputor 

Bco Santander 

CEPSA 

Contiittnlt 

FECSA 
Gas Natural 
Ibmtota 
Piyca 
HbjkoI 

SevOanaElec 
Tabmtaro 
Triafaidca 
Unkm Fenasa 
Vatanc Cement 


Manila 

Aftta 

Ando Land 
BkPtWtohi 
CAP Homes 
Mania ElecA 
Meta Bank 
Pel ran 
PCIBank 
PM Long DM 
San MJqud a 
SM Prime Hdg 

Mexico 

AROA 
B an ood B 
Cemex CPO 
CHra C 

EmpModsma 
GpaCanaAl 
GpoPBOMW 
Gao Rn hiburaa 
Kfinb dark Max 
Televisa CPO 
TWMexL 


BatMtaAK 54144 
PieTkm.-547.lt 

9910 20300 20190 
1830 1865 1855 
5560 5670 Sffl 

8390 8450 8600 
3610 3690 37*5 

1255 1280 IMS 

6750 6000 6810 

2410 2560 2530 

8050 81M 8300 

3795 3820 3940 

4180 4290 4275 

2645 2740 2680 
6750 £300 4.®3 

2605 2650 2630 

10*5 U50 1120 

5820 S9JD 6100 
1735 1750 1765 
1990 2045 2125 

6050 6130 6170 

1280 1310 1300 

10570 10750 10680 
3785 3790 3900 
1365 1385 1385 

2785 2880 2835 


P5E tada: 1141 Jl 
Pierian: 186128 


Accor 

AGF 

AJrliquMe 
Alcatel Atatti 
A»-UAP 
Banco ke • 

BIC 

BNP 

CmatPlus 

Canetour 

Casino 

CCF 

Cetoksn 

CMsttanDtar 

CLF-Deda Fnei 

CredBAgrtcaie 

IXmone 

Elf Aquitaine 

EridanfaBS 


13 

1290 

1190 

1395 

1150 

1395 

1X25 

1395 

95 

9390 

9150 

95 

245 

244 

240 

7M 

67 

66 

<690 

6690 

2» 25790 

776 26290 

390 

345 

345 

390 

143 

140 

142 

140 

850 

825 

830 

050 

5090 

50 

50 

50 

620 

£.10 

410 

690 


France Telecom 

Gen.Eoux 

Haras 

knew 

l-triaige 

Leg rood 

LOrari 

LVMH 

MktieCnB 

Paribas A 

Pernod Rtanri 

Peugeot Ct 

PtoauO-Plfcit 

Pnxnodes 

Renailt 

Rexel 

Rb-ftoutaneA 

Sant® 

Sdinekter 

SEB 

SG5 Ttranson 
Sle Generate 

Sodexho 
StGobato 
Suez too) 
5uezLwi)EaiK 


Balsa lMtau4UlJl 
Prevtaas:4527J3 
5900 60.10 6040 
1500 15_7fl 1600 
29-55 S-MS 3490 
lira 13JS 14.10 
3495 3495 4U5 
4900 **.« 52.1 Q 
2J3 2J3 206 

2900 2980 3080 
3458 3820 35 M 
13180 13180 127 JO 
1720 1720 1700 


CAC-W-.2B4J* 

Pre«taaK26>9Jl 

1044 1008 1013 1038 

299 295-50 29880 299 

860 K 860 

675 <88 687 

401 39580 39920 39850 
749 720 7*1 m 

39880 385 39750 3SG 

253 245.10 249 25050 

1009 976 998 994 

303 2954 2974 3025 
313 309 31050 313 

32470 31120 324.70 310 

625 605 615 626 

606 5TO 9K 606 

585 571 581 5S2 

1252 1252 1252 1290 

907 881 9B4 885 

705 <77 698 692 

838 862 850 

780 720 740 7-50 

6 5.70 5J5 5.90 

209.90 20390 20980 21240 

788 696 70S 710 

375 364.10 37270 373 

6d3 630 639 620 

34850 330.10 345 34S 

1067 1038 1054 1050 

2085 1990 2070 2B18 

947 912 921 738 

30030 2B9.W 295 29740 

40980 40210 40740 409.10 
29240 278.10 29240 27040 
672 631 636 663 

2744 1634 2742 2710 

1840 1800 1B40 1841 

■1537® 148 15tt4S 1SS 

1558 1491 1510 1540 

251.90 240.70 250® 250 

544 526 530 540 

318.59 31040 31440 324 

679 660 679 668 

40840 395 399.90 426 

mi 743 752 762 

2800 2725 2774 29» 

796 775 794 7B6 

1385 1385 1385 1485 
574 593 585 

686 689 700 

155 14740 154.90 IS2 
623 603 619 612 

90 8540 8745 5&90 
365 35380 364 350.10 


Alba A 

AtasCapcoA 

AulaOv 

EbKtralaxB 

EncssonB 

Hannas B 

bnenflve A 

Investor B 

M0O0B 

Nonlbanken 

Plw uiH WP W m 

SandvfcB 

ScaitaB 

SCAB 

»BantenA 

SkandtaFare 

StansLoB 

SKFS 

Spafaaiken A 
SfcraA 
SvHamMs A 
VtahoB 


High Lm Owe Pm. 1 

126 11980 126 IV 

220 211 220 21B 

30240 300 30250 303 

m 585 S92- m 

32140 312 321 327 

319 312 - 316 31640 

6*9 645 648 650 

348 340 343 3494B 

215 21188 213 21440 

259 257 251 259 

n 23340 22B 23040 234SJ 

232 224 22740 230 

177 17340 174 178 

165-50 163 16540 165 

1 8140 80 81 8140 

362 355 36040 36040 

297 290 29640 77X40 

175 17140 17140 175 

\ 185 174 185 176 

1SU0 9840 10040 100 

1 252 246 248 25040 

205 19140 205 194 


Sydney 

Anar 685 6.70 6J1 680 

ANZ BUng ’ 985 945 9J3 945 

BHP 1446 14jS 1445 14JS 

Baal 380 3L77 3J9 3.77 

Brombtas bil 27J3 2740 2744 2745 

CBA 17J6 16.95 1747 17.10 

CCAreaHI 11 JO 10.95 1186 11.15 

Catos Myor 7J1 7.14 7 JO 7.15 

Comrioo 6J0 589 5.90 b 

C5R 4.90 482 482 487 

FodwiBrew 2J8 2JO 2J3 2JB 

Goodman FM 2J2 2.19 2J0 2J2 

fCJ AusJrofc 1040 10J8 10.90 10JSI 

Lend Lease 2840 2780 27.95 SB 

1^ 1J6 

20J8 20 Jl 
2.32 249 

7.14 7J7 

389 109 

384 381 

145 843 

1784 1787 
848 885 

540 546 

874 848 

1145 1147 
448 446 


MIMHdw 
Nat Ausl Bank 
Nat Mutual Hdg 
News Cup 
Pbdfic Dunlap 
PVimwkdl 
Pub Broadcast 
Rio Two 
9GaageBank 
WMC 


WoodridaPor 

Woolwortis 


Market Closed 


ABecxun Ante 
BnCoounlM 
Boo Fkteurara 
Ben d Roma 
Benetton 
CredHa ltaDono 
Eftai 
ENI 

Hat 

Genend Ante 

I Ml 

1NA 


Medabanai 

Maidadbon 

Otaneffl 

Panaoiat 

Plreli 

RAS 

Roto Bunn 
SPmlo Torino 
Telecom Bala 
TIM 


Montreal 


Boo Mob Com 

CdnTtaA 
CdnUtflA 
CT FtolSfC 


MIB Teta—Hnor 1467880 
ProetooR 1481780 

14750 14100 14T80 14430 
456ft 4460 4525 4645 
6880 4610 6880 6900 

1630 1570 1595 1601 

24700 23950 24600 73900 
4238 4150 4180 4260 

9040 8680 9035 9040 

W89 9560 971® W& 

49 W 4875 4925 5050 

38850 37250 38800 37950 
16050 15795 16000 16250 
2940 2885 2920 2955 

6540 6330 6460 6600 

also 000a ms Bias 
11400 11150 11400 11490 
1358 1340 1358 1361 

980 959 965 984 

ZJ15 2225 22 5 2310 

4340 4215 4340 432D 

15000 14430 14980 14700 
22750 22000 224t» 22200 
12505 12220 12380 1205 
10410 10315 10315 10915 
6330 6230 6270 6340 


trehahtabMec 323249 
PlIViHt; 3H140 


7-00 6J0 6210 7 JO 

msm *4000 mm as.oa 

41.00 36^0 36J1 4L50 

A5J# 57.99 39.00 6850 

10.00 RS6 9.15 11.10 

emroura 450.00 429.99 430.00 479.99 

taubancnPM 430.00 4iaoo mtm 47UW 

l^sSJlClM 350.00 3103)0 311 JX1 157.00 

209.99 25499 256.00 29400 

PM 2BW» WHO 198J00 224.00 

PountaLuz 11400 loam 101 x-i iium 

- ■ 35.00 331® 3400 37.00 

8.10 7.10 7 JO 845 

Tetebras PM 10O00 _WJ1 _?Sft0 11MJ0 


thSppm 


Doom 

Daewoo Heavy 

Wt 


Singapore jjftj 


InvastonGip 
LiMmCm 
Not) Bk Canaria 


RogeaGmB 

RofSlBkCda 


43J0 - 42ta 
2816 28 
39.90 3960 
47.10 47.10 

19 1195 
3X55 33U 

46JJS 45H 
4616 45.93 
2060 2060 
2090 2W 
4445 4195 
4W CM 
ttto 2845 


4240 43J0 
28 2895 
39.90 40.10 
42.10 47J0 
19 19 

3155 3428 
45.85 4595 

20ta mi 
30U 2C.fS 
4195 4455 

A ^ 

7 W 74.15 




OBXtadexrl 

Prnienil 


OubbHI 
HotstundAl 
Siowner A*o 
NarakMwhd 
NmrteH 
NKsmedm 
oKjoawaI 
Pelim.G aoSve 
^HPeHmAi 


TnmacaanOff 
Storebrand Aia 


117 IIS 
214 211 

’ 26J0 2190 
2050 27.90 
106-58 104 

42J0 42 

355 347 

380 373 

220 217 

186 184 

601 592 

519 515 

138 13450 
126 124 

420 415 

4950 49 


^8,88 
41 42 

375 mM 
21 850 223 

»"W 

13050 137 

124 128 

415 415 

4950 5050 



The stock market in Taipei 
was closed Wednesday for a 
holiday. 


Tokyo 


Natal 225; 1542417 
pitihHiiana 


105.00 IMHO 104J10 117.00 
9450 B0A0 81 J® 9400 
24010 22010 226.00 250M 
SELfiB 2850 29DB 2950 
*55 655 659 7.90 

ISO 19.10 1940 7140 


CsroprattatadtoG 51749 
Pi aria uw 522.il 
58900 57200 50000 59400 
3KM 5530 5760 5000 
14800 14300 146® 14800 
73S0 7300 7350 7350 

14400 13700 14000 14000 
4360 4200 4350 4350 

22100 20G00 21380 22300 
45300 cm 49J09 46000 
36000 34600 35690 35600 
44300 45000 4(800 
7250 7010 7110 7100 

350000 330000 348000 340000 


4J0 4J0 

466 4J0 

7 JO 740 

7 726 

0J5 086 

1450 1460 
285 288 
885 885 
284 286 

560 580 

2.95 195 
5J0 540 

2J2 2JB 
440 462 

2J7 2J9 

9 9 

565 565 

4 4 

585 105 

11J0 1140 
434 448 

1930 1960 
2 281 
264 165 
254 2.57 

0J4 074 

9J5 950 

289 Z10- 


Stockholm SX 16 iodigc 212651 

Pradoos: 212441 
AGAB 9650 9250 9450 9450 

ABBA 8550 8350 B4J0 85 

AalDeoen 200 195 19S 202 


AoMBank 

AsaU Chora 

AaoNGtoss 

BkTafQfaMSsu 

BkYWgahaina 

Bridje alone 

Conan 

QiufauBcc 

□MookuEtac 

OalNtoP Print 

Oatel 

M-kMKano 
Dahm Bank 
Oaten Home 
OufewSec 
□Dl 
Damn 

East Japan Ry 


Her* 

Honda Motor 

UU 

1HI 

Uadw 

tto-Yatado 

JAL 

Japan Tobacco 

Jusca 

Ka|na 

KanariEtee 

Kao 

KawasaidHvy 

KawaSM 

KklUMppRy 

Kirin Brewery 

Kobe Sled 

Koautat) 

Kubota 

Kjocwa 

KyuriwEtac 

LTCB 

Marubeni 

Mand 

Matsu Cama 

MatwEtacind 

Matsu Elec Wk 

MtsDbfaM 

MSss&bMCb 

MasaUMB 

MJSubhN Eft 

WtnbtaNHw 

MBsobtahlMa 

MltmbtaWTr 

Mitsui 

MasufiMtou 
MBMlTnnf 
Murata Mig 
NEC 
Man 


lira 

1070 

TOO 

1110 

sm 

574 

576 

400 

2660 

3480 

2500 

2480 

535 

503 

503 

529 

517 

510 

517 

514 

791 

740 

750 

792 

1610 

1520 

1540 

1620 

477 

398 

390 

424 


2020 2040 
1920 1930 
2280 2350 


542 

532 

532 

542 

991 

916 

M 

929 

353 

329 

328 

340 

HOT 

103B 

1?M0 

1050 

640 

<12 

420 

652 


3780a 3160a 3380a 3780a 
2260 2170 2250 2210 

5®H 5640a 5660a 5660a 
WO 1620 1620 
4710 STM 4SM3 
855 914 

4360 4250 4320 4380 

I3S0 050 1300 1310 

■ 1100 1110 1140 

687 891 898 

4030 4050 4130 
1060 1000 1020 1640 

266 257 262 262 

418 400 400 415 

5700 5710 5730 
400 400 409 

9630a 95100 951«a 9600a 
2270 22» ■ 2230 2280 
517 *3 483 516 

2130 2100 2110 2140 
1740 I690 1690 1740 

294 285 290 288 

214 205 205 211 

<78 689 

951 993 

133 133 138 

668 679 <29 

414 430 425 

<550 6610 674) 
1920 1920 MOO 
303 306 318 

347 347 364 

2010 1950 1950 2000 
3300 316ft 3160 3BS 
1770 >930 1920 1970 
UOO 1060 1070 1110 
948 fB 935 950 

255 260 260 

tcc *iw m 
1360 1280 1290 1370 
547 525 524 550 

420 392 377 418 

170 1080 lira 1180 

90S 890 095 90* 

irtft 1M 1770 

3J0 321 322 34S 

4760 4460 4500 4790 

13S0 B70 1280 WW 
1500 1420 1450 1500 


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Jul 1. 1992 - 100. Laval Chanua % change your to daft 

feeftanga 

World Indue 160.71 -2.49 - -1.53 - +7.76 

Raglanal kidana 

Asa/PaORc 91.85 -2.72 -2.88 -25.59 

Europe 181R9 -2.62 -1^42 +12.83 

N. America 200.73 ‘1.08 -0.52 +23.98 

SL America 124.33 -9^7 -7.01 +6.65 

biduatrtai Indexss 

Capital goods 204.17 -1.67 -0.81 +19.45 

Consumer goods 190.75 -1.85 -0.96 +18.16 

Energy 190.63 -2.43 -1-26 +11.87 

Finance 112.13 -2.76 -2.40 -3.72 

Miscellaneous 151.99 -5.91 -3.74 -6.05 

Raw Materials 165.80 -2-90 -1.72 -5.46 

Sendee 157.55 -2.45 -1.53 +14.73 

Utilities 150.94 -5.35 -142 +521 

The friumariortai Hants Tribune MtarM Stock index 6 tracks die U.S dtHtarvatadsof 
280 mtemBtfantfylnwsuibie stacks from 25 countries. Far ma/v Monrmnai. a hoe 
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X521 Neuaiy Cede*. France. Compiled by Bbomberg News. 


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Nhsan Motor 
NKK 

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NTT 

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639 

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468 

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14.15 

441 

442 

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3445 

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642 

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665 

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PAGE 14 


Wednesday’s 4 P.M. Close 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE* THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 

ASIA/PACIFIC 



■) Suharto’s Son 
Drops Suit on 
Bank Closure 


C‘**MtyOvS*#Fi V mBi vaK i K j 

— President Suharto's son 
Bam bang Trihatmodjo withdrew a suit Wed- 
nesday against the government far dosing a 
bank thai he co-owns, removing ahindle to the 
success of the $23 billion IMF-led bailout plan 
tor Indonesia. 

The suit was dropped as the of the 
International Monetary Fund, the main spon- 
sor of the plan, met with Mr. Suharto in 
Jakarta to discuss carrying it out 

For the sake of the broader national in- 
terest we withdrew our lawsuit," Mr. Bam- 
bang said. "PT Bank Andromeda respects the 
government's decision.” 

The managing director of the IMF, Michel 
Camdessus, said Wednesday in Jakarta that 
the cancellation of the suit was a “good piece 
of news' ’ and added that he thought the enter; a 
used to close the banks had been objective. 

The suit, filed last week. h»H namwt the 
finance minister, Mar’ie Muhammad, »nH the 
governor of Bank Indonesia, Soedradjad Dji- 
wandono, as defendants. Mr. Bambang as- 
serted last week that his bank had been un- 
fairly singled out for punishment as part of a 
“political move” by Mr. Muhammad to dis- 
credit President Suharto and his family. 

The bank, in which Mr. Bambang holds a 
25 percent stake, was one of 16 that the 
government had ordered to be liquidated. It 
said they were “insolvent to the point of 
endangering business continuity, disturbing 
the overall banking system and harming the 
interests of society." 

Analysts and business executives said the 
withdrawal of the suit augured well for eco- 
nomic reforms. 


Toyota’s Hybrid Orders 
Exceed Expectations 

Reuters 

TOKYO — Toyota Motor Corp. is 
enjoying huge demand for its environ- 
ment-friendly hybrid car. with more than 
1 ,000 units sold since the company start- 
ed taking orders last month, the Nihon 
Keizai Shim bun reported Wednesday. 

A Toyota spokesman declined to say 
how many orders for the Prius it has 
received, but said that it had so far received 
a very good response from customers. 

Toyota said last month that its initial 
sales target for the Prius was 1 ,000 units a 
month. The Prius will be introduced in 
Japan on Dec. 10. Toyota's hybrid sys- 
tem uses a 1 .5 -liter gasoline engine and 
an electric motor and offers higher fuel 
efficiency and cleaner emissions. 



Krail IsfriMp-orr Fhb-IVw 

Mr. Bambang, son of President Suharto. 


Gede Artjana, chairman of a parliamentary 
commission overseeing the economy, said he 
was “relieved" by the move. 

“I see tins as a positive measure," he said. 
“We, the Parliament, welcome the measure." 

The withdrawal of the suit also helped lift 
stocks. The Jakarta Stock Exchange Com- 
posite Index rose 033 percent, to 449.64. 

“Investors were very afraid that if this suit 
had gone through, it would have undermined 
the entire program" of ref o r m linked to the 
IMF package, said Thomas Meidinger, a 
salesman at Nikko Securities. "It was an extra 
question maik in die Indonesian eq nation.'' 

Meanwhile, Mr. Camdessus said Indonesia 
faced periodic reviews on reform of its econ- 
omy under the three-year bailout package. 

On Friday, Mr. Camdessus is scheduled to 
meet in Bangkok with the new prime minister 
of Thailand, Chuan Leekpai, to discuss the 
bailout plan for Thailand and the economic 
situation there, said Alongkom Polabut, a 
close aide to Mr. Chuan. 

(AFP, AP, Bloomberg, Reuters) 


Asia’s Storm Clouds Linger 

Report on Bank Debt Signals a %ot of Pain 9 to Come 


Bloomberg News 

SINGAPORE — Bad 
debts at Asian banks outside 
Japan could rise to more than 
$500 billion by the middle of 
1998, worsening a credit 
crunch drat has already 
throttled economic growth in 
much of East Asia, the Per- 
egrine Group said in a report 
issued Wednesday. 

The Hong Kong invest- 
ment house's estimate of bad 
loons represents an average of 
20 percent of total loons in 
nine Asian countries, or the 
equivalent of the combined 
gross domestic product of 
Malaysia, Indonesia and 
Thailand. 

“What we're saying here is 
that people are going to be 
surprised by the downside" 
of Asia’s economic crisis, 
said Andrew Leeuring, Per- 
egrine’s head of banking re- 
search. “The anecdotal ev- 
idence is that there's going to 
be a lot of pain out there." 

Although ballooning bad 
loans on banks* books from 
profligate lending in the 
boom years of the early 1990s 
had been widely expected. 
Peregrine is among the first 
brokerage houses in Asia to 
make public its region-wide 

estimate. 

Peregrine said it could not 
immediately provide historic- 
al figures for comparison. Its 
country-by-country estimates 
of bad loans were generally 
higher than figures released 
by some central banks. 


Since the July 2 devalu- 
ation of the Thai baht, Asia's 
stock and currency markets 
have been thrown into tur- 
moil as one country after an- 
other has grappled with the 
erosion of investor confi- 
dence in the region's eco- 
nomic foundations. 

Banks have been particu- 
larly hard hit because the drop 
in the value of Asian curren- 
cies against the U.S. dollar has 
significantly increased the 
cost of debt for companies 
with foreign loans. How long 
the economic pain lasts will 
depend on how effectively and 
quickly regulators and bankers 
can act. Peregrine said. 

Recovery for most of these 
countries will fall somewhere 
between Japan's protracted 
turnaround and the relatively 
swift rebound in the United 
Stales after the savings-and- 
loan crisis of the late 1980s, 
said Christopher Wood, Per- 
egrine's strategist for emerg- 
ing markets. 

“In Indonesia, we're see- 
ing a readiness to bite the bul- 
let in terms of implementing 
an almost Draconian mone- 
tary policy where you have an 
IMF package in place," he 
said, referring to rescue funds 
provided by the International 
Monetary Fund. "In Malay- 
sia, you see the absolute op- 
posite policy. They're run- 
ning a very easy monetary 
policy." 

While ripples from Asia's 
crisis have been felt as tar 


away as Wall Street, Pereg- 
rine reckons the potential for 
larger economic adjustments 
is rising as the focus of the 
region's problems shifts to 
Northeast Asia from South- 
east Asian countries such as 
Indonesia and Thailand. 

Noting that Asia, exclud- 
ing Japan, had been the 
growth locomotive of the 
1990s, Mr. Wood said the 
level of bad loans and lack of 
recovery in Japan was wor- 
risome. He said the bad-loan 
problem would lead to a steep 
drop in capital spending in 
Asia and would slow eco- 
nomic growth as well as loans 
growth. 

While China's estimated 
S271 billion in bad loans rep- 
resents the lion’s share of the 
bad-loan problem in Asia, Mr. 
Wood said he was most wor- 
ried about the potential for 
further deterioration of South 
Korea’s economic system. 
“This is the biggest structural 
problem in Asia — it’s bigger 
than Thailand," he said, 
adding that he expected the 
Korean won to continue to 
decline against the U.S. dol- 
lar. 

Last week, a senior official 
at South Korea's central bank 
said that bad or suspect debts 
at the country's banks totaled 
about 50.7 trillion won 
($51.21 billion), or almost 16 
percent of ail loans. Mr. 
Wood estimates that Korean 
bad loans stand at $92 billion, 
or 30 percent of total loans. 


Hong Kong Fall Squeezes China’s Cash Access 


Agenc* France-Presse 

HONG KONG — The sharp falls on the 
Hong Kong stock market have cut Beijing’s 
access to international capital markets and 
could Hinder its ability to raise the huge 
amount of money needed to rejuvenate ailing 
state enterprises. 

Hong Kang shares in mainlan d-linked en- 
terprises — including the so-called red chips, 
companies listed and traded in Hong Kong but 
controlled from China — have weathered the 
market storm better than other sectors. 

Many issues made a strong debut in Hong 
Kong, but analysts warned it might be a long 
time before similar conditions return. China 
may even have to review links with foreign 
investors in its campaign to save state-owned 
enterprises. 

“You may not see many initial public 


offerings before the end of die year." said 
Raymond Jook, head of C hina research for 
SocGen-Crosby. “With the current instabil- 
ity, it is difficult for the investment banks to 
price an issue." 

With prospective single-digit price- to- 
eamings ratios, he added, “Chinese compa- 
nies might not want to list." 

At the height of red-chip fever this year, 
those ratios were running at about 30 for 1 998 
profit projections, according to Paribas Asia 
Equity analysts. 

The recent slump in the market has already 
pulled die ratio down to 16. But that is 60 
percent higher than the ratio for stocks in the 
benchmark Hang Seng Index. 

Speculation that bolstered red chips was 
based on expectations that parent companies 
would inject assets, but such capital flows 


have halted since June. 

“If they cannot do asset injections by the 
end of this year,” Mr. Jook said, “a lot of 
people will be very disappointed and pressure 
on die prices will grow." 

“If mey cannot justify their valuation," he 
added, "in less than six months their shares 
will crash. In a bear market, people will focus 
on fundamentals." 

Jing Uinch. a China researcher with Credit 
Lyonnais Securities Asia, said initial public 
offerings would be delayed but added that 
1997 “has been a record year." 

To be able to make an international 
comeback, analysts say, Chinese companies 
will have to accept more realistic valuations. 

Mr. Jook said the companies should “in- 
crease their shareholding by issuing more 
shares at lower prices." 


PAGE 15 



Hong Kortg 
Hang Seng 

. Singapore Tokyo 

Straits Times . Nikkei 225 


17000 —a 

• 2150 

22000 


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A - . 

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JASON 1400 J JA 

son' 14000 j J A S O N | 

1997 

1997 

1997 


Exchange 

• index 

totednesday Frpv, 

% 


Close- -Close 

Change 

Hongkong 

Hang Seng 

9,607,01 10,004.13 -&96 

Singapore 

S traps Times 

1,685.79 1 .684.10 

*0.10 

Sydney 

ABOKflnariaa 

Z&fiJOO 

<062 

Tokyo 

Nikkei 825 

15,434.17 15,86723 -2-73 

Kuala Lumpur Composite 

684.49 692.49 

-1.1© 

' Bangkok 

SET 

469.37 467.94 

+0.31 

Seoul 

Composite Index 

517.49 522.11 

-088 

Taipei 

Stock Market Index Closed 7.712.1© 

- 

Manila 

PSE 

134121 1,68228 

-1.10 

Jakarta - 

Composite index 

449.64 448.16 ' 

+0.33 

WeUEogton 

NZSE-40 

2,41622 2,433.74 

-0.72 

Bombay 

Sensitive Index 

NLA. 3,723.40 



Source; Tetetaus immuih-ui ttmu Ti*nw 


Very brief lys 


■ Azerbaijan celebrated the start of production at Chirag-I, 
an oil field in the Caspian Sea that involves Azerbaijan’s state 
oil company, SOCAR. and a consortium ol' 1 1 oil companies 
from seven countries, including Amoco Corp.. Exxon Corp-. 
Pennzoil Co. and Unocal. 

• Japanese banks are being charged higher interest to borrow 
dollars from European and U.S. banks, although the “Japan 
premium" is not higher because of concern over instability in 
the Japanese financial system, a Japanese Finance Ministry 
official said. He said foreign banks were refraining from 
actively participating in the money market before they close 
their books in December. 

•Regent Pacific Group Ltd., a Hong Kong fund-manage- 
ment firm, said it showed an annualized return of 69 percent on 
its equity during its first six months as a public company, 
partly because it was shunning its hometown markets. 

■ Sharp Corp., a Japanese maker of household electronic 
items, said group net profit fell 16.2 percent in the first half, to 
20.3 billion yen ($162.7 million), prompting it to reduce its 
full-year net profit forecast by 46 percent, to 403 billion yen. 

• KDD Ca's shares rose 17 percent, to 6,320 yen. after the 
company said it was in talks with at least two Japanese long- 
distance phone companies about a possible merger. 

• Indian Hotels Co„ India's largest hotel chain, said first-half 
profit fell 9 percent, to 467 million rupees ($12.8 million), as 
a slowdown in the economy hurt business. 

• The Philippines* sales of passenger cars fell 1 1 percent in 
the first 10 months of 1997, to 65,937 units, the Chamber of 
Automotive Manufacturers of the Philippines said, attributing 
the decline to higher interest rates on car-financing loans. 

• AFX Asia Pte. LtcL. a financial news agency based in Hong 
Kong, is moving some of its editorial staff to Manila to cut 
costs and divide its regional coverage. 

• Tokyo prosecutors have formally charged the former pres- 

ident of Yamaichi Securities Co., Atsuo Miki, and six other 
executives with illegally reimbursing a customer for se- 
CUritieS-lrading losses. AP. Bloomberg 


PORTUGAL 

"Telecom 


1 997 Half Year Results 

Full Service Telecom Provider 

- International / Domestic Telephony 

- AAobile Services 

- Cable Television 

- Data Communications 


(in m ill ion, except ) 

^ 99 7 USD 

1 997 PTE 

1 996 PTE 


A (%) 


Ooerating Revenues 

1 , 460.5 

257,018 

229,976 


+ 12 % 


Ooe rating Income 

381.3 

67,092 

59,1 36 


+ 13 % 


Consolidated Net Income 

188.7 

33,209 

23 , 0-43 


+- 4 - 4 % 


Earnings per Share (USD/PTE) 

0.99 

1 75 

121 


+. 4 - 4 % 



"... The progress achieved in the first half of 1 997 

is very encouraging — " 

"The Group continues to focus on client satisfaction and improved quality 

of service in all business areas ..." 


The Board 


of Portugal Telecom 


Inquiries Phone: 

Investor RebHons-Jo^^ 0 

351-1-500 17 01/500 87 39 


.. I 


Listed on the Lisbon Stock (PTCO.IN) and Mew York (PT) Slock Exchanges; 

traded on SEAQ in London. 






NYSE 


hI^TS 


Wednesday's 4 P.M. Close 

(Continued) 

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a Ifcral k'liS^t Sribmic 

Sports 


PAGE 18 




THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 


The Shell of a Great Champion 




i \\ |»P 


HigW gy gtart? Wilfred Benitez, 39, Sits In a Nursing Home and Dreams 


Olympic Makoto Kobayashi, di- 
rector general of the Nagano 
Olympic committee, said Wednes- 
day that he would accept a higher 
start for the Olympic downhill 
course at February’s games but 
only if the whole course remained 
outside a national park. 

Kobayashi said he was propos- 
ing the compromise to ay to end the 


By Evelyn Nieves 

New York Tones Service 


G URABO, Puerto Rico — Wilfred 
Benitez recognized his mother at 
once and his brother Gregory in 
about a minute. Wilfred saw the family 
car poll up to the entrance of San Agustin 
nursing home and positioned himself at 
the door of the tec room, where he could 
watch his mom approach. He was clutch- 
ing his tattered Bible and smiling. 


bitter dispute over complaints by 
die International Ski Federation 


die International Ski Federation 
that the downhill run was too short. 
The federation demanded that the 
start be raised 120 meters (130 
yards) to 1,800 meters 
Kobayashi floated the compro- 
mise the day after he and other 
Japanese officials decided to set up 
a committee to resolve the fight 
Aki Murasaro of the' Japanese 
Ski Federation said the compro- 
mise was not enough because the 
new starting point, at 1,740 meters, 
would be "too steep to set up a 
starting gale. ’ ’ f Reuters ) 


Clara Rosa Benitez, r unning a gaunt- 
let of residents, rushed up to Wilfred and 


grabbed his arm to steady his step. 

It was the anniversary of the day be 


Menotti Quits Saxnpdoria 


soccer Cesar Luis Menotti, the 
coach of Argentina's 1978 World 
Cup winning team , said Wednes- 
day that he had quit as manager of 
Italian Serie A side Sampdoria. five 
months after taking charge. 

Menotti said he had asked the 
club for two or three more players, 
but his request had been turned 
down. "I have my reputation ro 
think about,” he said. 

• Michele Padovano has left Ju- 
ventus, the Italian champion, for 
- Crystal Palace, which is struggling 
in the English Premier League. The 
south London team paid Juventus a 
£1.7 million (52.9 million) transfer 
fee for the striker. ( Reuters ) 


It was the anniversary of the day be 
fell to the floor in his mother's living 
room and into a coma, a year to the day 
that doctors had said this is.it; the sport 
that had made him the youngest boxing 
champion in history at 17 was going to 
finish him off at 38. 

Instead, he woke three days later. But 
what remains of the quick-jabbing, fast- 
taQring, party-loving welterweight whose 
last fight was only six years ago becomes 
harder to see with each passing month. 

His mother marks his decline through 
events. At his induction into the In- 
ternational Boxing Hall of Fame in Ca- 
nastota. New York, in June 1996, he 
could seem healthy to the unknowing 
passer-by. On his return to Canastota 
last June, (for Sugar Ray Leonard's 
induction), he could talk without slur- 
ring his words and walk two steps with- 
out faltering. In July, for his brother 
Frankie's birthday, he still lived at 
home. Then he began throwing tits and 
trying to break furniture and doctors 
said put him away because in a de- 
mented rage he could kill somebody. 


drome. But there is no getting around 
Benitez's post-traumatic encephalitis. 
This is the boxer's disease, directly at- 
tributed to too many blows to the head. 

Gerry Cooney, the former heavy- 
weight, says boxing’s attitude toward 
Benitez is a kind of macho respecL 

“Boxers are proud; they want to give 
him his dignity,” said Cooney. “You 
mention Wilfred, they say, ‘Yeah, it’s 
ioo bad.’ and move on.” 

When Wilfred and his brothers were 
children their father, Gregorio, intro- 
duced them to boxing. Wilfred was still 
lighting long after his stalls were shot, 
his three welterweight championships a 
fading memory and his millions in earn- 
ings gone. 

Now, at 71. Clara Benitez has a son 
who is boxing’s worst-case scenario, 
and two other sons, Gregory, 43, and 
Frankie, 40, living at home, suffering 
from punch-drunk memory lapses. 

She has a business card. On one side 
is an old publicity still of Wilfred and 
Frankie in their boxing trunks, their 
gloved hands raised to their chests. On 
die other is her address and phone num- 
ber. The card reads “Clara E. Rosa. 
Benitez Mom.” 


Salta, Argentina. He lost the fight, and 
the promoters returned without him. 


the promoters returned without him. 

“we don’t know what happened 
there,” Kleo said. “Ahnosi two years 
he was there.” Wilfred was found pan- 
handling on the streets, disoriented, 
babbling. 

"People used to say, Wilfred has so 


many friends, so many girlfriends, so 
many fens,” Kleo said. “Well, now he 
don’t have no friends, he don't have no 
girlfriends, he don’t have nothing.” 

Mrs. Benitez stood up. "He is still 
famous.” she said. She opened a letter 
she received from town officials. They 
want to change the name of her street, 
Calle Six. to Calle Wilfred Benitez. 

Kleo rolled her eyes. She gestured to 
the plaques, albums and certificates 
from Wilfred’s boxing days. “All this 
don’t mean a thing anymore,” she said. 

To Beniiez, it does. At fee nursing 
home, be is a once and future king. “I 
would like to begin my boxing career 
again,” he declares, out of fee blue, to 
no one in particular. 

When be said the same feing in June at 
die Boxing Hall of Fame, the crowd 
gasped. But the one blessing of his con- 
dition is that he is not aware of his state. 

The other residents gathered in the 
rec room at San Agnstm know better. 
They see his Left eye perpetually half- 
mast. They see his walk, which is more 
like a stumble. They know he cannot 
hold a conversation, the tape in his head 
playing the same lines over and over. 

Luis Rodriguez, the psychiatric nurse 
who runs fee home, says: "Wilfred has 
been nice and quiet lately. He is very 
respectful. Very gentle. Sometimes. I 
see him bobbing his head, fee way he 
did when he was in the ring. I think he is 
still dreaming about boxing.” 

"Wilfred, Wilfred/ ’ Rodriguez said, 
“it is such an honor to have a world 
boxing champ at my home. Can you still 
do your kicks?" 

Mrs. Benitez looked nervous. But this 
turned out to be an irresistible request 


There are plenty of boxing people 
who- would rather not hear about Wil- 
fred Benitez or see him at the Hall of 
Fame or anywhere else in public. He 
gives fee sport’s enemies too much am- 
munition. Some people still insist that 
fighting may have had nothing to do 
wife M uhammad All’s Parkinson's syn- 


Simon Is Suspended 


I n fee old days, when Wilfred was 
being called one of the best boxers 
ever and he was mobbed on the 
streets, Mrs. Benitez stayed out of his 
affairs. Her husband, as manager and 
coach, ran his son’s career. Gregorio, 
who died last year, gambled and drink- 
ing his son’s millions away. But there 
were other managers and coaches, pro- 
moters and hordes of paid hangers-on. 
His money flowed. Now he lives on 
$1,000 in government stipends. 

Wilfred's sister Kleo, visiting her 
mother, blamed mismanagement, Wil- 
fred’s naivete and the leeches it at- 
tracted. In 1991, well after the Puerto 
Rican Boxing Commission said he 
should not right anymore, he was 
whisked by two promoters to a match in 





Benitez has post-traumatic encephalitis after too many blows to the head; 


The champ stood up and started boxing. 
A left home, a right, a left kick, a right. 
His fists danced in the air. Then his legs. 
The room cheere d . Benitez sat down, 
closed his eyes and smiled. * ‘I would like 
to start boxing again,” be whispered. 


ICE HOCKEY Chris Sim on, fee 
Washington Capitals forward, was 
suspended for three games by fee 
NHL for directing a racial insult at 
Edmonton’s Mike Grier, one of six 
black players in the NHL. (AP) 


Saudis Bound 
For France 


Advantage: Little Sister, the Meaner Williams 


College Hoops Return 


basketball The men's college 
basketball season opened Tuesday 
with the Coaches vs. Cancer Ikon 
Classic in East Rutherford, New 
Jersey. Unfortunately, the teams 
did not seem ready. Neither did the 
audience. 

North Carolina State beat rusty 
No. 19 Georgia, 47-45, in fee open- 
er. In fee second game, Princeton 
beat No. 22 Texas, 62-56. 

The doubleheader drew fewer 
than 5,000 spectators to the Con- 
tinental Arena, which seats 20,000 
for basketbalL (NYT. AP ) 


By Robin Finn 

New York Times Service 


crossed paths, gave rise to public ac- 
cusations of racism from Richard Wil- 


He Couldn’t Take a Hint 


soccer Dean Windass, a for- 
ward wife Aberdeen of the Scottish 
Premier League, was banned for six 
matches Wednesday after being 
sent off three times Sunday against 
Dundee United. 

The referee, Stuart Dougal, first 
dismissed Windass for two fouls. 
Windass protested and earned fee 
equivalent of another red card. On 
his way off the field, he pulled up a 
comer flag, ripped it to pieces and 
threw them to fee ground. Dougal 
sent him off for a third time. Ab- 
erdeen lost, 5-0. (Reuters) 


VHJLANOVA, Pennsylvania — No 
bumps, no bruises, no fisticuffs. Any- 
body who was hoping for another foil- 
contact tennis contest between Venus 
Williams and Irina Spirlea. fee two who 
worked a head-on collision into a 
changeover during their U.S. Open 
semifinal two months ago, went away 
from the Pavilion FieWhouse disap- 
pointed So did Williams, but for a dif- 
ferent reason. 

The rematch began and ended with a 
civil handshake, and itdid not turn into a 
replay in any way. Instead of a swash- 
buckling epic upset like the one fee 17- 
year-old Williams handed Spirlea at fee 
U.S. Open to rocket herself into her first 
final, Tuesday night’s contest was con- 
trolled by fee eighth-ranked Ro manian. 

And she. in turn, controlled her tempo' 
and her forehand, fee weapon that works 
wonders when delivered at warp speed, 
and advanced into fee second round of 
the Advanta Championships wife a 6-3, 
6-2 victory that took 61 minutes. 

The victory gained a measure of polite 
revenge for Spirlea, who responded to 
her Loss to the unseeded Williams at the 
U.S. Open wife a barrage of ill wilL 

The body bump she gave Williams 
dining a changeover, a maneuver she 
tried to explain away by accusing Wil- 
liams of refusing to look at her as they 


ensations of racism from Richard Wil- 
liams. the teenager's lather and coach. 

Williams and Spirlea said this re- 
match, their first contest.since then, had 
not been about grudges. “That episode 
really blew up, Williams said, "t don’t 
think either of us took it that seriously, 
though.” And even Richard Williams 
later backed away from his criticism of 
Spirlea and offered an apology. 

However, he did not retract his opin- 
ion that Spirlea was fortunate she body- 
slammed Venus rather than her younger 
sister, the feisty Serena. 

According to him, Serena isn’t just 
more talented than Venus, she is loads 


meaner. 

"Serena has no fear at all, and no one 
hits the ball harder,” he said. 

Last week Serena, 16, reached the 
se m i f inals in both the singles and 
doubles in Chicago and beat two top- 10 
players. She entered fee tournament 
wife no main-draw victories and 
reached the semifinal before losing to 
Lindsay Davenport On the way, Serena 
scared everybody off the court with her 
110 mile-an-hour (177-kph) serves and 
beat Mazy Pierce and Monica Seles. 

She said she used her last few years 
on the sideline during Venus’s marches 
as object lessons for herself as well as 
support sessions for her big sister, who 
agreed to enter Chicago’s doubles com- 
petition only if the tournament gave 


Serena a wild card into fee qualifying 
round for singles. - 

Seven years ago, Richard Williams 
predicted that his gangly daughter, 
Venus, then 10 years old, was going to 
be No. 1 in fee worid and that his 
youngest daughter Serena, then 9, 
would turn out even better than Venus. 

Not many people believed him. The 
praise seemed all the more surreal be- 
cause neither daughter had promising 
junior credentials. Nor would they ac- 
cumulate any. Williams kept bis prodi- 
gies away from fee kiddie circuit be- 
cause he found h even more cutthroat 
than the ghetto in Compton, California, 
that fee family left behind when fee first 
sponsor dollars came in. 

Then and now, the father advocated a 
game plan far too extraordinary to in- 
spire imitation. But it appears to be 
working, wife Venus a Grand Slam fi- 
nalist fast summer at age 17 and Ser- 
ena's success in Chicago. 

“We came from fee ghetto, and the 
thing I coached them hardest about was 
to go to school,” Williams said. “After 
all the criticism. I’m feeling really good 
right now because no one ever believed 
you could have two champions in one 
family, it was too difficult to even get 
, one. But all along I've been saying that 
Venus was going to be a great one and 
Serena was going to be the best one.” 

“I never had the pressure on me feat 
Venus did, ’ ’ Serena said. “But last week 


was definitely a test and I fed good I was 
able to come through and show feat I’m 
not just her little sister any more. ’ * 

At this rate, both will have rankings 
that get them into the main draw of the 
1998 Australian. Open, but they won't 


wind up having to play each other there 
because Richard Williams said he won’t 
let Serena enter. 

The sisters have not faced each other, 
in competition and have played only 
practice points where, according to their 
father, "Venus has her hands ftU.” 

“I don’t want to see her get carried 
away with this tennis thing,” be said of 
Serena. "But I have no doubts about 
where she’s going to be a year from 
now. 

“When Venus said she knew her 
greatest adversary was going to be her 
sister, she wasn’t kidding." 

■ Sampras Victorious 

Pete Sampras, the defending cham- 
pion, bounced back from an opening- 
round loss to beat Greg Rusedski Wed- 
nesday at fee ATP Tour World Cham- 
pionship, The Associated Press reported 
from Hanover, Germany. 

Sampras lost to Carlos Moya on 
Tuesay in his opening group match. On 
Wednesday he cruised to a 6-4, 7-5 
victozy over Rusedski. 

“Yesterday, I really felt flat, men- 
tally and physically,” Sampras said. "I 
had a lot more energy today.'’ 


The AsHKMted Press 
DOHA. Qatar — Saudi Arabia" 
qualified for the World Cup finals . 
Wednesday when it beat Qatar, 1-0, . 
in tine last qualifying match for 
Asia's Group A. 

The Saudis topped the group" 
wife 14 points, leaving second- 
placed Iran with the task of taking 
on Japan, Group B *s second-placed 'V 
team, in a playoff this month for a : 
third Asian berth. • 

Qatar needed a victory to. reach ’{ 
fee finals for the Fust time. It started' 
strongly, penning the Saudis in their 
own half for the first 20 minutes. ‘ 
But fee Saudis survived the pres-- f i 
sure and began to mount their own 
attacks. The striker Ibrahim 
Swayed won the match for the ' 
Saudis, firing the ball home from’ 
the edge of the area in the 63d 
minute. The team became the 24ih 
to qualify for fee finals in France. 

The Saudis also qualified for the"-, 
1994 World Cup in the United 
States, where they became the first . 
Gulf nation to reach the second 
round of the finals. Iran will meet’ 
Japan in Malaysia on Nov. 16. The" 1 
loser of that match will play Aus- 
tralia — the Oceania winner —fora’ 
fourth regional spot Eight places in” 
fee finals are still to be filled. TwooFi 
those will be filled by Australia;; 
Japan or Iran. The last four European ‘ 

f aces will be decided in playoffs * 
aturday. The third place from the;( 
North and Central American group-' 
will be decided Sunday, as will fee- 
final South American place. ■' 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


PAGE 19 


^Lemieux 
Gets Punchy 
IVs Colorado 


SPORTS 




ft 


The Assocuaed Press 

Claude Lemleux didn’t like being 
Jttoodied by Darren McCarty, who 
hadn't liked what Lemieux did to Kris 
Draper’s face. 

J It took Lemieux and McCarty about a 
minute on Tuesday night to remin d each 
btoer of just that 

I^Away from the fighting, Colorado’s 
reserve goalie, Craig Biilington, 
BWpped all 32 shots he faced. And Rene 
^ p»rbet and Eric Messier scored toird- 

NHL RoowPPP 

period goals as the Avalanche beat De- 
troit, 2-0. in die latest meeting of one of 
the NHL’s nastiest rivalries, 
p “If you’re going to do it, do it right 
p£f the bat,” Lemieux, a Colorado 
jwinger, said of the fighL 
: Lemieux and McCarty went toe-to- 
me for about a minute before wrestling 
pach other to the ice. Each player was 
g*ven a five-minute penalty for fi ghting 
had a 10-minute misconduct 
’ The two have squared off before, 
their most notable fight ooming during -a 
brawl-filled game last March at Detroit 
s Jhat night, McCarty bloodied Lemieux 
$ in retaliation for a hit he put on Draper 
during the 1996 playoffs mat resulted in 
[©constructive facial surgery for die De- 
troit player. 

Jr“i thought about it mainly just 
today,” Lemieux said. “It’s not 
something you tell your teammates, that 
you're going to fight. I didn’t say much; 
I just got myself ready.” 

‘-McCarty said he understood Le- 
raieux's motives, but still didn’t respect 
him. ‘lit could’ve been easy for him to 
let things be, but he wanted to prove 
something,” McCarty said. “It was 
more or less his move. In my mind he's 
fctiil an idiot because he hasn’t apo- 
logized to Drapes.” 

Biilington, malting a rare start for the 
testing Patrick Roy, was the difference, 
_ landing the Red Wings their first 
r ; shutout loss since Anaheim beat De- 
troit, 1-0. last March 30. 

; Kangs 8, Canucks 2 At Inglewood, 
California, Yanic Perreault scored three 
goals for his second career hat trick and 
Los Angeles sent Vancouver to its team- 
record 10th consecutive loss. 

) Luc Robitaille scored twice and be- 
came the third player to score 400 goals 
for the Kings. Manias Norstrom ended an 
88-game scoring drought . 

•' Ry«r* i, Senators O In Philadelphia, 
Ron Hextall turned aside 16 shots and 
Paul Coffey scored in the second period 
as the flyers extended their winning 
ptreak to four games and their unbeaten 
Streak to six. 

i —apis Loafs 5, B la ckt ia w fcs 2 In 

Toronto, Igor Korolev scored twice as 
•Toronto rallied to snap Chicago’s six- 
game unbeaten streak. 

1 Coyotes 5, Lightning 2 At Phoenix, 
keith Tkachuk scored twice and Brad 
Isbister scored the game-winner early in 
the final period as the Coyotes kept 
{Tampa Bay winless in 13 games. 

; Nikolai Khabibulin made 20 saves in 
his 59th consecutive start dazing from 
' Van. 5 — the second-longest streak since 
jhe league expanded in 1966-67. 

■ Khabibulin trails only Gram Fuhr. 
Who started 76 consecutive games for 
the Sl Louis Blues two seasons ago. 



>m 



l— 40k; . . u+: - 1 


Keith As kins of the Miami Heat, right, winning a battle for a loose bail with Terry Dehere of Sacramento. 

Rodman Puts on a Show as Bulls Lose 


The Associated Press 

■ Michael Jordan scored less than 20 
points, Dennis Rodman shot his mouth 
off as the Chicago Bulls lost their third 
straight road game. 

Chicago was dominated Tuesday by a 
young Cleveland team that won, 101- 
80. Jordan, guarded by the rookie Derek 
Anderson, scored only 19 points as the 
Cavs held Chicago to 37 percent shoot- 
ing. 

Rodman had two minor incidents 
with die league’s new female referee, 
Violet Palmer, and afterward offered 
this assessment of her performance* 
“Oh, Lord. Well, if you take that hair 
off her, I think she ’s a man. ” 

“I’ll probably get fined for that state- 
ment.” Rodman added, “but I don’t 
give a damn. Really.” 

Palmer, one of two women who are 
refereeing in the league this season, 
called Rodman for a block on Shawn 
Kemp's drive with 9:18 left in the first 
quarter. Rodman did a little dance that 


included the signal for a blocking foul 
and got Palmer to laugh. 

Rodman wasn't so kind the second 
time Palmer blew die whistle on him two 
minutes later. Again called for blocking 

Kemp, Rodman crouched on die baseline 
with toe ball and was called for delay of 
game. He an gr ily prilled his shir- trail out 
as he went to toe sideline, and was still 
motioning to Palmer during a timeout. 

Hmriu89,Sonccs87 In Atlanta. Steve 
Smith hit a turnaround jumper from 16 
feet with 4.9 seconds left, and Gary 
Payton's layup bounced off the rim at the 
buzzer as Atlanta improved to 7-0. The 
Sonics were held scoreless after Detlef 
Schrempf made two free throws with 
4:07 left to give his team an 87-80 lead. 

Spurs 93, TcmbcrwolvM 92 David 
Robinson tipped in his own missed lay- 
up at toe buzzer to give San Antonio a 
victory in Minneapolis. 


Celtics Star Is Reborn in Women’s League 


By Earl Gustkey 
• • ■•-LrtAhgeksTimesService- 

Last May, K. C. Jones, toe le- 
gendary player and coach, carried a 
box of his possessions out of toe Bos- 
ton Celtics* offices. 

His tenure with an NBA team he had 
played on for nine years and then 
served as a head or assistant coach for 
12 more seasons was over. 

One thing didn't add up. though. 
Jones was wearing a big smile. He 
knew something few others knew. 

Less than 24 hours later, Jones was 
in Hartford, Connecticut, in toe offices 
of toe New England Blizzard of toe 
American Basketball League. 

He interviewed with the general 
manager, Pam Baialis, then met with 
three players, Jennifer Rizzotti, Kara 
Wolters and Carla Berube. 


The 6-foot, 1-inch (1.85 meters) 
Jones was startled when be was in- 
troduced to Woltas. She’s 6-7. ... 

Six' months later, having passed 
muster with toe three players and Ba- 
talis for toe head coaching job, Jones, 
65, was telling the differences between 
the men’s and women’s games. 

“Other than the obvious stuff like 
size and strength. I’d say toe work 
ethic and toe enthusiasm in toe wom- 
en’s game are much better,” he said. 

“In practice, my players dive on toe 
floor after loose tolls. I never saw that 
in the NBA” 

One Blizzard staff member recalls a 
dispute during training camp between 
Jones and Rizzotti and Carolyn Jones. 
Both players were limping because of 
hamstring pulls, yet insisted they were 
sound enough to practice. 

“K. C. had to stop practice and or- 


der them off the court, and they were 
furious,” said Steve Raczynski, toe 
team publicist. j . V 

Patience is the byword in toe wom- 
en’s game, Jones said. “The men’s 
game is generally dribble, dribble, one 
or two passes, and a shot,” he said. 
“Here, it’s three to five passes, and a 
shot It’s a passing game, and I like 
that. That’s my game. 

“Another thing is confidence. Men 
have it; the women don’t I feel like I 
have to keep boosting my players' 
confidence. Carla Berube — she has 
no idea how talented she is. I have to 
draw it out of her. 

“Same with Wolters. A 6-7 woman 
in this game is like having a 7-3 guy. 
She’s slow, but so was Larry Bird. She 
has good feet and hands. Her upside is 
awesome. Yet she has very little con- 
fidence.” 


Marlins Open Auction 
By Shipping Out Alou 


Hire Soub/Raatn* 


Lakars 118, Mavwrieks 98 In Dallas, 
Shaquilie O’Neal scored 25 of his sea- 
son-high 37 points in the frost half as Los 
Angeles rolled to its fifth consecutive 
victory. 

Htat 101, Kings 82 In Miami, Isaac 
Austin, starting at center for the Heat 
while Alonzo Mourning is injured, 
scored 24 points. 

Knlcfcs 93, Nuggste 90 In New York, 
Patrick Ewing scored 28 points and 
helped New York avoid another fourth- 
quarter collapse. 

Grizzlies 119, Clippers 113 In Van- 
couver, Shareef Abdur-Rahim scored 
17 of his 29 points in toe second half for 
the home tram, which attempted an 
NBA record 32 free throws in the fourth 
quarter. 

Abdur-Rahim 's three-point play with 
3:44 remaining gave toe Grizzlies a 
103-101 lead as they came back from a 
10-point deficit. Vancouver was just 30- 
of-47 from toe foul line, but 16-of-19 
over the final 6:21. 


By Murray Chass 

New York Times Service 

“Be sure to get your tickets for the 
1998 season,” trumpets toe telephone 
recording at toe offices of the Honda 
Marlins. 1 ‘With toe Marlins winning toe 
World Series, tickets are sure to go 
fast.” 

Maybe not so fast now that toe Mar- 
lins have begun what promises to be the 
fastest, most dramatic dismantling of a 
World Series champion in baseball his- 
tory. 

The Marlins, vowing to slash their 
payroll beyond 1 997 recognition, traded 
Moires Alou, their most productive hit- 
ter this past season, to toe Houston As- 
tros on Tuesday for two Class AA relief 
pitchers and a Class A player and ad- 
vertised that more deals were to come. 

“At this point we’re definitely mov- 
ing payroll and we’re scaling down,” 
said Dave Dombrowski, toe Marlins’ 
general manager. “We'll see where it 
ends up taking us. It’s not by any means 
what you’re looking forward to doing, 
but we have our marching orders.’ ’ 

Apparently toe end is nowhere in 
sight. An executive of another team said 
that at an Arizona Fall League game in 
Scottsdale on Tuesday, Gary Hughes, 
toe Marlins’ vice president for player 
personnel, told baseball people, 
“They’re all available.” 

The Marlins’ liquidation of their 
World Series assets is part of what has 
started out as a bizaire off season. Dav- 
ey Johnson resigned as die Baltimore 
(Moles' manager last week only a few 
hours before he was named the Amer- 
ican League manager of toe year. The 
Orioles have named Ray Mill ex. their 
pitching coach, to replace him. 

The Montreal Expos are trying to 
trade Pedro Martinez, who was just 
named toe National League Cy Young 
award winner. And the Marlins are try- 
ing to revert to an earlier payroll. 

In 1997, the fifth year of their ex- 
istence, the Marlins’ payroll soared 
from $25.2 million to $53.5 million. 
Dombrowski, asked how severe he ex- 
pected the payroll cuts to be, said, “We 
have a number, but we’re keeping it to 
ourselves.’’ • 

However, in recent weeks, Wayne 
Huizenga. who is trying to sell the Mar- 
lins, and Don Smiley, the team president 
who heads a group negotiating to buy 
them, have said they want to wind up 
below $20 million. 

Alou was one of toe three major free 
agents toe Marlins signed last winter in 
an attempt to become a contender and 
lure fans back. Another was Bobby 
Bonilla, whom the team may also try to 
shed, and the third was Alex _ Fernandez, 
the pitcher with the' surgically repaired 
rotator cuff, who Tuesday agreed to 
waive his trade- veto rights so he did not 
have to be placed on the team’s 15-man 
protected list for the expansion draft 

Alou signed a five-year, $25 million 
contract then led toe Marlins during toe 
season with 23 home runs and 1 IS runs 
batted in and batted .292. He also led toe 
team in the World Series with three well- 
timed home runs and nine runs batted in, 
and his Ieadoff ninth -i. i„.ig single ig- 
nited the tying rally in Game 7. 

“It’s not pleasant by any means,” 
Dombrowski said, “but it’s a situation 
where, given what we bave to do, we felt 
Houston had something to offer us for 
Moises.” 

The Class AA relievers, Oscar Heo- 
riquez and Manuel Barrios, are con- 
sidered good prospects. Dombrowski 


Expos’ Martinez 
Wins Gy Young 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK —Pedro Martinez, 
a right-hander about to be traded to 
toe highest bidder by the budget- 
minded Montreal Expos, has ended 
toe Atlanta Braves ' stranglehold on 
toe National League Cy Yonng 

Award. 

Martinez, a 1 7 -game- winner who 
struck out 305 batters and led toe 
majors in earned run average with a 
1.90 mark, won in a landslide Tues- 
day over Greg Maddux, a four-time 
winner. 

It was toe first time since 1992 
that a pitcher other than a Brave 
won in balloting by the Baseball 
Writers Association of America. 

Martinez, 26, received 25 of toe 
28 first-place votes and gained 
second place on the three remaining 
ballots. 

Maddux, recipient of the three 
other first-place votes, finished 
well ahead of his Atlanta teammate, 
Denny Neagle. 

Roger Clone ns of the Toronto 
Blue Jays was toe winner In toe 
American League voting. 


said Henriquez bad “overpowering 
stuff” and Barrios “above average 
stuff.” The third player will be named 
when Class A rosters are unfrozen. 

The Marlins traded Alou just before 
toe deadline fra toe submission of the 
protected lists for the expansion draft 
No trades may be made now until after 
toe draft next Riesday. 

Jim Leyland, toe Marlins' manager, 
has the right to walk away from his $1.2- 
million-a-year contract if the Marlins 
are sold. However, last Friday. Leyland 
said he would remain with this team 

“ We’re not going to have to move 
everybody.” Dombrowski said. “Five 
years ago we didn’t have any players in 
our organization. Now in five years we 
won a world championship. We have a 
lot more talent at me major-league and 
the minor-league level now. This is not 
going to be a permanent type situation. 
But right now we're not in a good situ- 
ation.” 

How did he think the fans would 
react? “I don’t think they’re going to 
like it.” Dombrowski said. “We un- 
derstand that But we’ve explained what 
we have to do.” 

■ Diamondbacks Get a Player 

The Arizona Diamondbacks traded 
for theif first major-league player on 
Tuesday. The Associated Press report- 
ed. The Diamondbacks acquired the 
right-handed pitcher Felix Rodriguez 
from toe Cincinnati Reds on Tuesday 
for a player to be named later. Next 
week. Arizona and toe Tampa Bay Dev- 
il Rays will choose 35 players apiece 
from players that existing major-league 
teams left off 15-man protected lists. 

A coin flip Thursday will determine 
which team picks first. The team with 
the No. 1 pick will go fourth as well; toe 
other will go second and third. 

The New York Yankees also made a 
move, trading third baseman Charlie 
Hayes to toe San Francisco Giants for a 
pair of minor leaguers. New York 
agreed to pay Hayes’s entire $1.6 mil- 
lion salary next season. 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1997 


y« v/: 

’»r- ir 


ART BUCHWALD 

: Honest Abe’s Tapes 

.WASHINGTON — It is “We could tell them it’s 
a 2!. gW'firaliy known the room where you slept, 
out Abraham Lincoln taped Why don't we nnmp. it jjjg 
his conversations in the Lincoln Bedroom? Nobody 
yvhiie House. He told his would be allowed to sleep 
■staff, “I want to go down in there for less than $1,000, 
history as the 


great emancip- 
ator, and the 
only way I’m 
going to a- 
chieve that is if 
all my conver- 
sations are re- 
corded.” 

Richard Mor- 
ris, who was ad- 
vising the president on political 
issues, said, “Mr. President, we 
peed money for your election. 


which would be the equiv- 
alent of $250,000 in 1997.” 


Buchwald 


“OK, but let’s not take 
any Confederate money be- 
cause people will say the 
South is hying to buy the 
election." 

‘ ‘Gotcha. We need to create 
a package for givers. Mr. Pres- 
cal ident, how about you playing 
we golf with the big donors?” 
on, “I don’t play golf. I don’t 


sod we’re not going to get an- have the clothes for it But I 
other nickel out of the fat cats am willing to take them to 
until we offer them something Rock Creek and let them 
more exciting than a sleep-over watch me split rails." 
in your log cabin in Illinois.” “That’s great. Why don’t 


V "What do you suggest?" 

“We have to open up the 
White House to the big 
givers.” 

•. “You mean a tour?” 

“No, they should be in- 
vited to stay overnight ” 
“Where would we put 
them?” 

“How about the empty 
bedroom overlooking the El- 
lipse?” 

- “What would be such a big 


you and the first lady treat 
everyone to an evening at 
Ford’s Theater?” 

“I don ’t know if the play is 
any good.” 


“We’re talking about the 
presidency of the United 
States, sir. We can't afford to 
lose the election because of a 
lack of funds. We propose 
that everyone who gives 


deal about letting a donor and $10,000 to the campaign gets 


his wife sleep there?” 

Slave Posters 
Dropped From Sale 

New York Tunes Service 

NEW YORK — After a 
flurry of outraged phone 
calls, Christie’s East has 
withdrawn three 19th-century 
reward posters for runaway 
slaves that it was scheduled to 
auction Wednesday. 

• The unidentified seller de- 
cided not to go ahead after the 
auction house was inundated 
with calls from black Arner- 


a briefing on the war by 
Ulysses Grant.” 

"OK., but keep him away 
from the bar.” 

"Mr. President, the vice 
president has to help us. I sug- 
gest that he go to the homes of 
potential donors and explain 
why we need the money." 

“Is that legal?” 

“As long as he doesn’t do 
any campaigning from inside 
the White House.” 

“What else?" 

"This is the biggie. If 
someone gives more than 
$10,000 he will be invited to 
watch Robert E. Lee sur- 
render at Appomattox." 


The Absent Man: Don DeLillo’s America 


tst - • •; 

r 


! ^ * ; 

* *.% • 

, . • • — - 


says glumly, “like what you would need for 
an assault on an enemy city.” 

If he weren’t so polite he would go un- 
derground, completely and finally evade all 
who seek to grab hold of him. He reportedly 
once told friends (hat he wanted to change his 
name and disappear, & la the Salingerish hero 
of his 1991 novel, “Mao IL” But he knows 
that certain labels like “reclusive” and 
“crazy” and “paranoid" get attached to 
artists who seek to . shut off the world. 

By making just enough of hims elf avail- 
able, DeLillo hopes to avoid their fare. When 
a new book appears he does, too. There’s a 
brief tour. He reads from his work, shakes 
hands , rev palc hims elf to he smaller and IDOfC 
anonymous than in his publicity photos, 
which look either menacing or wild. He is 
careful not to give too much away. 

Some bare frets: He grew up in the Bronx, 
the son of I talian immigrants. Lee Harvey 
Oswald, whose story DeLillo was to chron- 
icle in his 1988 bestseller, “Libra,” lived for 
a time in the same neighborhood; they never 
met 

The writer majored in communication arts 
at Fordham University, went to work writing 
copy for a big ad agency. (“Corporations,” 
Comments Nick Shay in ‘‘Underworld,” 
“are great and appalling things. They take 
jin, fv,— a- n rriHH r»— you and shape you in nearly nothing flat.”) 

“If any art form can accommodate contemporary culture,' it’s the novel.” 8° c earI >’ ; Jjjl P*? novel ; 

J “Americana, appeared m 1971, he never 

est personal exploded an atomic bomb. The explosion and the game will worked for anyone else. He's considered one of the few 
battle it out on the front pages the next day. Hie Cold War has major American writers whose work keeps getting better. He 
n, or a will- been joined is married to a landscape designer, they have no children. 


By David Streitfeld 

Washington Past Service 

W ASHINGTON — He has no e-mail 
address. No modem for connecting to 
die Web. No computer, even. No answering j 
machine. His book jackets decline to provide 
biographical details. He won’t reveal the 
town where he lives. For 20 years, he has had 
cards printed with the message ‘ ‘I don’t want 
to talk about it” A joke, he insists, a self- 
parody, but stilL Naturally, his phone is un- 
listed. 

This is not merely Dpn DeLillo’s way of 
keeping at bay any overzealous fans of his 1 1 
brainy, sharp, increasingly esteemed novels; 
it's his instinctual approach to life. He got a 
milli on bucks for his new novel, “Under- 
world,” and another million for the movie 
deal and it's selling so well he'll probably 
make a third million, but he has only one 
credit card. In the hotel bar, with so many fine 
products from the world's distilleries and 
vineyards available for the asking, he asks for 
a glass of water. 

“I have a personal inclination not to do 
certain things, ' he says. Maybe many things. 

He doesn’t vote, calling himself “a dropout” 

He claims not to have had a political thought 
since the Vietnam War. He doesn ’t buy much. 

“I’m a worthless citizen. I'm only a marginal no, o> 

consumer.” He doesn't give lectures, attend “If any art form can accommodate contemporary culture, it’s the 
conferences or make gossip columns. One 

TV appearance was quite enough. His strongest personal exploded an atomic bomb. The explosion and the game will 




sense is of "unbelonging.” Plus, he’s shy. battle it out on the front pages the next day. The Cold War has 

Call it restraint, or caution, or disinclination, or a will- been joined, 
ingness to absent oneself. No matter what term is applied, the “Underworld' ’ is a complex swirl of invented lives and 

60-year-old DeLillo would seem destined to produce only re-imagined history, a book in which reviewers found many 
pale, slim novels, books as empty of apparent stimulus as the different things to praise and on which literary scholars will 


major American writers whose work keeps getting better. He 
is married to a landscape designer, they have no children. 


“Underworld” is a complex swirl of invented lives and They live in a suburb of New York, only a short train ride 
re-imagined history, a book in which reviewers found many away from the heart of the beast For serious excitement he 


writer’s own life. But it doesn't work that way. His novels chew for decades. More surprisingly for such a big, rel- 
use exquisite prose to take on large themes, particularly this atrvely demanding book, it has also been embraced by the 


ventures into the city itself. 

Language is DeLillo ’s ultimate place of refuge. No work- 


one: What makes Americans 


unhappy? 

fworkthe 


“Underworld” 


atrvely demanding book, it has also been embraced by the man loves his tools more, or believes more wholeheartedly 
public. In less than two months, it has gone through 10 that something impressive can be built with them. Ar- 
prin tings, for a total of 295,000 copies. In a culture that prizes guments that the novel has lost its force and authority don' t 
the short and the shallow, this is an astonishing number. impress DeLillo. 

"The market is a strange thing, almost a living or- f Tf any art form can accom m odate contemporary culture, 

ganism,” comments the crazy, unsuccessful writer in it’s the novel,” he says. “It’s so malleable — it can 
L ‘Great Jones Street, ’ 1 DeLillo 's 1973 novel about paranoia, incorporate essays, poetry, film. Maybe the challenge for the 
rock music and the ravages of fame. “It changes, it pal- novelist is to stretch his art and his language, to the point 


tracks more vividly than any other work the upheavals of life printings, for a total of 295,000 copies. In a culture that prizes guments that tt 

in this country during the last half century. the short and the shallow, this is an astonishing number. impress DeLill 

The story begins by describing a real-life event: how the “The market is a strange thing, almost a living or- * ‘If any art ft 

New York Giants, losing the 1951 pennant-deciding game 4- ganism,” comments the crazy, unsuccessful writer in it’s the novel, 

1 in the bottom of the ninth, miraculously pulled on a victory ‘ ‘Great Jones Street, ’ " DeLillo 's 1973 novel about paranoia, incorporate ess 
over the Brooklyn Dodgers thanks to Bobby Thomson's rock music and the ravages of fame. “It changes, it pal- novelist is to s 
"Shot Heard ’Round the World.” pi tales, it grows, it excretes. It sucks things in and then spews where it can finally describe what's happening around him. 

“The game doesn’t change the way you sleep or wash them up. It's a living wheel that turns and crackles. The I still think it's possible." 

your face or chew your food. It changes nothing but your market accepts and rejects. It loves and kills.” This is an int 

life,” thinks 16-year-old Nick Shay, the novel’s central At the moment, it loves DeLillo. He's up for next week's — that the nov 
figure; many years lata-, Nick will buy the ball that Thomson National Book Award, which be won in 1985 and which has only provide 
hit, proof of the game's continuing hold on him. become probably the biggest prize for a work of fiction, storyteller offe 

Other, more deadly games are being played that day. J. Certainly it's got the most hoopla. “I believed 

Edgar Hoover, attending the game with his pals Frank DeLillo has just gotten his instructions from the awards says Nick in 
Sinatra and Jackie Gleason, hears that the Soviets have committee on what to do and where. “They're complex,” be our own lives.’ 


market accepts and rejects. It loves and kills.” 


This is an increasingly rare sentiment in the literary world 


At the moment, it loves DeLillo. He's up for next week’s — that the novel still matters on a major scale, and can not 
itional Book Award, which be won in 1985 and which has only provide an escape from everyday life (any good 


become probably the biggest prize for a work of fiction. 
Certainly it's got the most hoopla. 

DeLillo has just gotten his instructions from the awards 


only provide an escape from everyday life (any good 
storyteller offers that) but also help people understand it. 

“I believed we could know what was. happening to us,” 
says Nick in “Underworld.” “We were not excluded from 


MUSIC 


PEOPLE 


Marilyn Crispell’s Medley of Winter, Cats and Jazz 


By Mike Zwerin 

international Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — Marilyn Crispell is a 
winter person. She likes to walk in 
the woods in Woodstock, not far from 
her cozy apartment If this were the 
best of all possible worlds, she would 
spend summers in Scandinavia. 

But she cannot afford it She's also 
a cat person. Cats drive people to 
extremes. Either you love them, like 
Crispell, enough to pay $ 14 a day to be 
sat with while you’re away (she's 
away a lot), or you're allergic. If 
Crispell did not have to pay for die cat- 
sitter she might be able to afford to live 
in Scandinavia in the summertime. 

In an old Garfield comic strip, two 
men are sitting on a park bench. One 
of them peacefully reads the news- 
paper, die other is drowning in a sea of 
cats. Garfield points and asks: 
“Guess which man is allergic to 
cats.” Crispell and her cat have been 
together for 14 years. 

Only a few hours north of New 
York City, Woodstock is a place- 
name that recalls a vivid image. The 
images no longer has anything to do 
with reality, if it ever did. Tons of 
hippies rarely flock to Woodstock to 
hear rock. It’s a small, modest. Bo- 
hemian enclave housing creative, 
crafts, coon try and cat people. 

‘ Bob Dylan lived in Woodstock, 
The Band lived nearby in a house 
called Big Pink. Your bread just might 
be delivered in a van driven by the ace 
trombone player Roswell Rudd. The 
songwrite r/singer Tim Hardin lived 
there. Kari Berger’s Creative Music 
Studio was based in Woodstock, and 
in 1981 his Woodstock Jazz Festival 
presented an impressive array of tal- 
ent including Chick Corea, Jack De- 
Johnette (who still lives nearby), 
Dewey Redman, Lee Konitz. Nana 
Vasconcelos, Pat Metheny, John 
Abercrombie, Miroslav Vitous and 
Marilyn CrispelL 

Berger’s studio dealt mostly with a 
form of avant-garde music called “free 
jazz" — jazz with few and/or new 
rules. Nobody likes to be pidgeonboled 


bat Crispell can be called a free 
jazz pianist. 

Two years ago, Crispell met 
her near-neighbor the free jazz 
singer/ songwriter Annette Pea- 
cock, and they became good 
friends. One night Crispell had 
a flash. She calls it a “bolt of 
lightning.” Out of the blue, just 
like dial, she said to Peacock: 
“You know, Annette, I’d like 
to make a CD of your music." 
She had not intended to say it, 
the words just popped out of 
her mouth. You can imagine 
her vocal tonality rising at the 
end of the statement, as though 
it were a question. She dob 
that often. It's evidence of shy- 
ness, a sort of bet-hedging ("I 
was only asking”) just in case 
the answer is no. She says the 
project is “one of the few I’ve 
ever been really inspired by." 

Peacock befriended the le- 
gendary Albert Ayler when she 
was 17, and later accompanied 
him on the piano (she’s self- 
taught). She wrote repertoire 
for her ex-husband Paul Bley’s 
trio. They can be heard on the 
1 970 recording " Paul Bley and 
Gary Peacock," another ex- 
husband of hers. It was only the 
third album released by the 
now highly-esteemed ECM 



' 

5 • V / ‘ 

•V'\ - \ 


timore. Left for Boston “as 
soon as humanly possible.'* 
Studied classical piano at the 
New England Conservatory. 
Dreamed of living in Paris. A 
few recitals. Fell in love with a 
blues pianist and tbe blues not 
coincidentally at the same 
time. 

Her market is mostly in 
Europe, although she has 
found a small but enthusiastic 
following in pockets of Amer- 
ica. Performances on Wednes- 
day nights in university towns. 
The Outpost in Albuquerque, 
an “enthusiastic scene" in 
Oakland: “People want to 
know why they haven't been 
able to hear thus sort of music 
before. They ask ‘where else 
can we hear it?’ " 

After a few weeks at home, 
she begins to wake up in the 
rooming feeling “antsy. I 
watch Seinfeld reruns. I guess 
I’m a few years late on every- 
thing.” 

She spends a lot of time 
trying to figure out her po- 
sition in the scheme of things. 
How do other creative people 
relate to their times? Where is 
contemporary music going, 
and how can she influence it? 
Not jazz as such, the sound 


A FORMER singer with 
the rock group Tbe Jam 
found himself in Paris, 
thirsty, and with the hotel bar 
closed. What's a rocker to do? 
You guessed it: Paul Weller 
went upstairs and trashed his 
hotel room. Managers ax the 
Warwick hotel just off die 
Champs -Ely sees were not 
amusol They called the po- 
lice, and Weller ended up be- 
ing quizzed at tbe local sta- 
tion, sources said He was 
released several hours later 
after promising to pay for the 
damage. He nonetheless per- 
formed a concert as scheduled 
the next day. 


The Belgian bodybuilder 
and action movie star Jean 
Claude Van Damme, along 
with the former Thai boxing 



Rather: Staying with CBS. 


more than $1 million. Like 
Bill Cosby, Gerald Ford and 
other big names before her, 
Houston claims she had no 
idea she was signing up for a 
Moon-sponsored event when 
the Family Federation for 
World Peace and Unification 
offered her “low seven fig- 
ures" for 45 minutes of 
singing. 


An Italian burglar has con- 
fessed to stealing jewelry, in- 
cluding a gold pocket watch 
and two silver “boxes, and 
private letters belonging to 
Prince Charles, the heir to 
the British throne. He waited 
until the Italian statute of lim- 
itations kicked in, however. 
Reoato Rinino, 35, in an 
Italian jail for a string of petty 
offenses, claimed he still had 


Dida, is setting up a foundation to letters addressed to Charles from his friend 


vide sports and cultural activities to chil- Camilla Parker Bowles. 


Speaking through Jk 
he was willing to r 


dren in trouble. To be called Hearts Without his lawyer, Rinino said he was willing to 
Borders, the foundation is planning a Christ- return the stolen items provided he was able to 


mas eve inauguration of the new charity at “meet the prince and his sons face to face.” 
Planet Hollywood Disneyland on Dec. 23. The prince's apartment in Sl James's Palace 
The pair, currently shooting a film about in central London was burgled more than 
legionnaires by the director Peter McDonald three years ago. 
in Morocco, will invite 50 underprivileged _. 

children to the EuroDisney theme park out- 

side Paris as a first move. Oscar Peterson was honored for his artist- 


Records. The critic Art Lange Pianist Crispell walks the woods in Woodstock, environment in generaL For 


With his evening news emerging from the 
bottom of til e ratings, Dan Rather has de- 


Oscar Peterson was honored for his artist- 
ic excellence in jazz and then thanked the 
crowd at Lincoln Center in New York by 
playing an unexpected duet with Wynton 
Marsalis. Marsalis praised die 72-year-old 


wrote about it: “Peacock’s 
songs are exquisitely evocative — able strong point, 
to suggest a mood, whether loneliness flash was ba 
or exhileratioo, within a very few possible. Pea 
notes." she’s worked 

One of Peacock's songs is named They are both 
“Nothing Ever Was, Anyway,” and song and the] 
that is also tbe name of a new ECM tions. Crispell 
album featuring Crispell’s piano with preach ECM - 
Gary Peacock's bass and Paul Motion meaningful ci 
on drums. Although Crispell has never been an 
played with many notable avant-garde faxed CEO Mi 


her. practicing is more a mat- 
strong point, she admits iL But her ter of “conceptualizing” than repeat- 
flash was based very much on the ing scales and arpeggios. She con- 
possible. Peacock lived nearby, and ceptualizes at night on an electric 


she’s worked with Motian before. 
They are both familiar with Annette's 
song and they are both viable attrac- 


piano, the only piano she owns, with 


earpnoi 

One 


reason she may be “late” is 


tions. Crispell had long wanted to ap- that she finds change in general to be 
preach ECM — a record on ECM is a “difficult and painful I don’t think 
meaningful credit — only there had anyone goes through it willingly. I 


tided to stick with CBS, ending a flirtation pianist for his dignity, virtuosity, soul. eJe- 
with CNN. The 66-year-old newsman signed gance, inspiration, swing, fire and belief in 
a contract extension that will keep him at the jazz. Peterson gave credit to Ella Fitzgerald, 
network through 2002 and pay him a min- Dizzy Gillespie and others “who gave me the 
imam of $5 million to $6 million a year. He desire to do whatever it is I’ve done." 
has anchored the “CBS Evening News” _ 

since Walter Cronkite retired in 1981. 1—1 

Rather declined to provide details of his deal, Tbe virtual kitchen, or how to market the 
which extends a contract due to end in 1999. arts of the table to cybersurf ers (usual ly better 


i appropriate project 
anfred Eicher in Mu 


think as a general rule, change makes 
people nervoas. I've been in my little 


names, Anthony Braxton for one, she A few hours later, there was an answer: apartment for seven years. I often 
has never broken through on her own. “When do you want to do it?” think of moving to Paris or Sweden or 

She works, she supports herself, and Speaking of herself, the words something, but there are millions of 
although they were for small, some- come quickly, like she wants to get it details involved. Would there really 
times insolvent, labels, she has recor- over with, and then they get quicker, be a point in going through all that 
ded many albums. Marketing is not her Bom in Philadelphia. Grew up in Bal- trouble? It’s all so daunting.” 


Overtures from CNN to anchor a nightly known as junk food customers): A new In- 
newscast were “very serious,” he said. temet site is dedicated to French cuisine. 

n Georges Blanc, Bernard Loiseau and Marc 

Meneaii are the best-known names among the 
When followers of the Reverend Sun My- list of master chefs backing the new site, 
ling Moon gather at Robert F. Kennedy Jr. Internet surfers get the chance each week to 


Stadium on Nov. 29 for the biggest Uni- watch a chef at work making one of his 
ficatioo Church wedding event yet, the star creations in pictures on line. The site can be 
attraction will be a reluctant, sheepish — and found ar wwwjreceptioofrance.com and can 
richer — Whitney Houston. Her fee will be be read in French or English.