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INTERNATIONAL 




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The World’s Daily Newspaper 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 

L London, Tuesday, November 18, 1997 


No. 35,681 




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Terrorists Murder at Least 60 Tourists in Egypt 







Tokyo Stocks I 
^ Mark Biggest \ 
Gain in 7 Years 

Government Move to Shut 
Ailing Bank Cheers Investors; 
Hong Kong Shares Climb 

By Sandra Sugawara 

Washington Post Ser vice 

TOKY O — Stock prices roared back Monday 
in their biggest gain in seven years after the 
government decided to shut down the country’s 
10th- largest commercial hank 

The move seemed to convince investors that 
f die authorities were finally getting serious about 
.cleaning up Japan’s shaky banking system. 

The Nikkei index rose 7.96 percent, or 1 , 200.80 
points, to 16,283, and helped lift the Hong Kong 
market as well, as the Hang -S eng Index there 
closed 4.6 percent higher. Stock mariripjg in 
Taiwan and die Philippines also rose. 

A trader in Hong Kong said that because die 
Japanese economy was the largest and most im- 
portant in the region, an improvement in the bank- 
ing system would help bring stability to Asia. 

But South Korean markets fell as the government 
surprised traders by abandoning its demise of the 
won. sending the dollar to more than 1,000 won as 
stocks plunged 43 percent (Page 17) 

The Japanese government had long insisted that 
the nation’s 20 largest commercial banks were too 
big to be allowed to fail, so its decision to hand over 
operations of Hokkaido Takushokn Bank to North 
Pacific Bank, a medium-sized regional tank, was 
\ seen as an indication that the authorities were 
getting tougher on weak tanks. 

Jesper Koll, an analyst with J.P. Morgan Se- 
curities, said: “Today's step underscores that 
authorities are prepared to let capitalism work. 
The previous Japan doctrine of too-big-to-fail has 
been abandoned, and full-blown consolidation of 
the financial system is now under way.’* 

Alicia Ogawa. a Tokyo-based analyst with Sa- 
lomon Brothers, wrote in a report Monday, “We 
view this as a milestone in Japanese banking history 
and hope that it sets a precedent that will allow the 
Ministry of Finance toshut down other banks which 
are insolvent or not economically viable.” 

Before Hokkaido Takushoku’s collapse, the 
government ordered a major life-insurance com- 
pany to close in April and a broker to close a 
couple of weeks ago. 

A trader with an American brokerage firm in 
Tokyo said the market also was reacting to Mon- 

See TOKYO, Page 10 

South Korea Abandons 
Efforts to Support the Won 

WASHINGTON — South Korea said Monday 
that it would suspend efforts to defend its cur- 
rency, as American and European officials 
scrambled to figure out whether the world’s 1 1th- 
largest economy would be the latest Asian coun- 
try in need of an economic bailout. 

For several weeks, U.S. officials have been 
alarmed by the quick erosion of the South Korean 
economy and the seeming failure of the gov- 
ernment, now in the midst of a presidential elec- 
tion. to deal with its failing banks and a series of 
major corporate bankruptcies. But South Korean 
officials have insisted that everything was fine and 
even withheld critical information about the size 
of the reserves they had available to protect die 
currency, the won. On Monday, the won dropped 
to a record low against the dollar, and it appeared 
the government had concluded it no longer had the 
cash to defend the currency. Page 17- 



Cairo Blames Muslim Rebels 
Tor Attack Outside Luxor 


Alalia Ahdd Nity/Rcnun 

Soldiers carrying the body of one of the attackers after a three-honr gun battle at Luxor on 
Monday. The terrorists got near the tourists by wearing black clothes similar to those of the police. 

UN-Iraq Drama: Signs of a Deal 

US. May Bend a Little on Sanctions if Inspections Resume 


CompUtd ky Our Stcfff mm Dopurtes 

1AJXOR, Egypt. — Gunmen opened 
fixe on tourists and fought a three-hour 
gun battle with the police on Monday 
near a Pharaonic temple in southern 
Egypt. At least 70 people, including 60 
foreigners, were killed in the worst at- 
tack on tourists in Egypt, 

The police said die assailants, dis- 
guised in black clothes similar to those 
worn by the police, burst into the coun- 
yard of the Hatshepsut Temple in the 
desert outside Luxor and fired at tourists 
who had just got off a bus. 

The government held Muslim mil- 
itants responsible for the attack. 

Luxor is one of Egypt’s top tourist 
destinations, famous for its gigantic 
Pharaonic-era temples on the east bank 
of the Nile. On the west tank — in the 
Valley of die Queens where the attack 
took place — are hundreds of tombs of 
kings, queens and noblemen. 

On Sept 18, nine Germans and their 
Egyptian driver were killed when gun- 
men opened fire on a bus in front of the 
Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Two broth- 
ers were convicted of the crime and 
sentenced to death last month. They 
claimed they were defending Islam, bur 
authorities said they were not part of any 


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ng the site opened fire •/ 


By Thomas W. Lippman 

Washing io n Post Service 

ISLAMABAD. Pakistan — Rom a global dip- 
lomatic drama largely scripted in Washington, clear 
signs are emerging that the standoff between Iraq and 
the United Nations is quickly moving toward a peace- 
ful resolution. 

While it is still too early to discern what will happen 
in the final act, it will apparently include some com- 
bination of a resumption of inspections under slightly 
different terms and a modification of the UN economic 
sanctions on Iraq to allow more food and medicine into 
the country. 

Besides the United States and Iraq, the key player is 
Russia, and in particular Foreign Minister Yevgeni 
Primakov. Diplomats in several capitals, and in the 

C i that arrived here Monday with Secretary of State 
eleme Albright, indicated thar Mr. Primakov — 
an expert in Arab affairs who has a long-standing 
relationship with President Saddam Hussein of Iraq — 
will be authorized by the United States and Britain to 
convey an offer to Mr. Saddam. 


In a whirlwind tour of four Gulf states over the 
weekend, Mrs. Albright heard firsthand that even the 
Arabs most threatened by the Iraqi weapons devel- 
opment program prefer a negotiated settlement to 
military action. They supported die U.S. strategy of 
combining intense diplomatic pressure on Mr. Sad- 
dam, Led by Mr. Primakov, with a show of force to 
signal what could happen if Baghdad refuses to allow 
the weapons inspections to resume. 

President Bill Clinton said Monday the he wanted to 
end the dispute with Iraq peacefully, but was not ruling 
out any options backed by military might. 

“I am trying to settle this issue peacefully,’ ’ he said in 
Wichita. Kansas. “But our diplomatic efforts must be 
backed by our strong military capabilities. We cannot 
role out any options.” 

Given the widespread assumption that any military 
strike would have be sufficiently large to cause serious 
damage, both Baghdad and Washington have a lot to 
lose if it comes to that The political costs to the Clinton 
administration could be heavy , not just domestically but 

See IRAQ, Page 10 


Russia’s Free-Marketeer Stumbles 


By Alessandra Stanley 

New York Times Service 

MOSCOW — The architect of Russian economic 
reform — the free-market crusader who also promised 
to rid the country of its entrenched corruption — is now 
reeling under scrutiny of his own ethical conflicts. 

The crusader. First Deputy Prime Minister Anatoli 

NffWS ANALYSIS 

Chubais, 42, barely survived a purge last week of three 
of his closest aides and allies who were involved with 
him in a questionable $450,000 book deal. Even if be 
manages to stay in office — and, for now. President 
Boris Yeltsin seems to have concluded that Russia’s 
fragile economy cannot afford his loss — Mr. 
Chubais’s credibility has been badly damaged. 

The program to sell off state assets is a critical part 
of Russia's struggle to dismande die remains of its 
command economy and create a free-market system. 


With the dismantling of his team, his reputation tar- 
. nished, Mr. Chubais will almost certainly be hobbled 
in his plans to correct the economy from above. 

The scandal is arguably the biggest threat to Rus- 
sia’s reform effort since Che 1996 election campaign, 
when Mr. Yeltsin’s ratings were so low that it seemed 
likely that he would be defeated by bis Communist 
challenger, Gennadi Zyuganov. It was Mr. Chubais 
who marshaled the money, media and manpower to 
achieve a Yeltsin victory. 

There are many unanswered questions about why 
Mr. Chubais accepted a $90,000 fee from a publishing 
company that belongs to Oneksimbank, which has 
recendy won auctions of highly coveted stare prop- 
erty. 

That deal, moreover, has revived interest in a far 
bigger one. In February 1996, when Mr. Chubais was 
out of government but already advising the president's 
re-election campaign, his think tank. Civil Accord. 

See CHUBAIS, Page 10 


The police said that as panic-stricken 
people ran or fell to the ground, po- 
licemen guarding the site opened fire 
and a battle raged for three hours. Sev- 
eral suspects were later rounded up. 

Witnesses and police sources said 
three elderly French tourists were killed 
when the police fired on the bus that 
attackers tried to hijack to try to escape. 
The French tourists had stayed on the 
bus while other tourists went to see the 
temple, they said. 

Tne Interior Ministry, however, said 
one assailant was killed on the scene and 
five fled in the bus. They were then 
chased by policemen into nearby hills, 
where they were killed, it said 

The police found six machine guns, 
two handguns and explosives with the 
assailants, the ministry said 

The ministry had put the toll at 66 
people dead but a later government 
statement said that 70 were killed. 

Of the total, 60 were foreigners, 4 
were Egyptians, including 2 policemen, 
and 6 were the assailants, the Infor- 
mation Ministry said. The statement 
gave no breakdown, but the -Interior 
Ministry had said Swiss, German and 
Japanese were among diem. 

A total of 25 people were wounded 
including 16 foreigners, it said The 
Interior Ministry said eight of the 
wounded were in serious condition and 
had been taken to a hospital in Cairo. 

State-run Cairo television referred to 
the attackers as “terrorist elements,” a 
phrase reserved for Islamic militants 
who have been campaigning to oust 
President Hosni Mubarak’s secular gov- 
ernment. But no group immediately 
took responsibility. 

A curfew was imposed in Luxor, but 
some people went into the streets to 
protest the attack and the effect it might 
have on tourism, the city’s livelihood. 

Armed ambushes have been the hall- 
mark of the Islamic militants, who in the 
past two years have largely confined 
their activities to southern Egypt. Seme 
1,100 people have been killed since the 
insurgency began in 1992. 

Luxor, however, has been relatively 
free of attacks, which have usually taken 
place in Minya or Assiut to the north. 

See EGYPT, Page 10 


Jailing of Drug Informer 
Sours U.S.-Pakistan Ties 

Islamabad Military Said to Retaliate for a Sting 


NewYortt 

PM 

Pound 

Yen 

FF 


The Dollar 


Monday C 4 P.M. 
t.7314 
1.6947 
125.60 
5.7985 


prevtaactea 

1.7284 


AGENDA 

U.S. Punishes Israeli Company Over Cuba 


By Tim Golden 

\r» t ort Times Sen-icy 

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* merit agents depend heavily on men like 

'^Mr* Baluchi a 43 -year-old H&wi. 
was a fixture in the small h^dqu^ters 
that the United Stares Drug 
mem Administration tuns 
U.S. Embassy in Islamabad. Wonong 
a full-time invesu S ator and • 

he was never paid more than SJU.UUU a 

Mawsstand Pr lcra 

Bahrain 1.000 BD Malta. wara 

Denmark W OO DKr Oman 1{)00 QR 

'FWand 12.MFM OjfjJjieiJOO 

‘ Gibraltar £0.05 *Sa....10 SR 

! Great Britain. £ 0.90 + VAT 

[Egypt 10-00 Dh 

Joitfan 1-250 JO A&-- s 120 

Kenya -K. SH. 160 3W» 

Kuvraft -TOO ni sZimbatw^ ^ 

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year. Yet he earned a reputation as a 
resourceful, unfailingly loyal agent, one 
whose knowledge and guile were vital 
in the ragged southwestern comer of 
Pakistan, that is home to some of the 
region’s biggest heroin traffickers. 

In February, Mr. Balach’s American 
bosses turned to him to make a quick 
undercover payment in what they con- 
sidered a modest but potentially useful 
operation. And with his help, two 
Pakistani Air Force pilots were arrested 
for smuggling, $ 160 , 000 ' worth of heroin 
was seized, and a warning appeared to 
have been sent to corrupt officers in 
P akis tan’s powerful armed forces. 

Then die Pakistani military delivered 
a warning of its own. 

Within days of die sting operation, Mr. 
Baluch, whose work was well known to 
the Pakis tani authorities, was taken from 
his home by agents of the country’s mil- 
itary -nm intelligence force. According to 
con fidential diplomatic cablegrams, he 
was held incommunicado, injected with 
drugs and tortured with electric shocks by 
interrogators who d emanded that he con- 
fess knowledge of a plot by the U.S. 
ambassador to de s tabi liz e Pakistan. 

i ag t month, Mr. Baluch was sen- 
tenced by a military court to 10 years’ 
hard labor for illegally inducing a mil- 

See DRUGS, Page 5 


+125.74 

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B S&P 500 ■ 

cnange 

+17.85 

Monday C 4 PM. 

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Page 4^ 



Page 11. 

Opinion .... 


..... Pages 8-9. 




. Pages 20-2 L 


The 1HT on-line mwv.iht.com 


WASHINGTON (Reuters) — The 
United States has found an Israeli- 
owned citrus firm, B.M. Group, in 
violation of a law governing seized 
U.S. property in Cuba and barred its 
officials from U.S. territory, die Stale 
Department said Monday. 

Lee McClenny, a spokesman, said 
the department sent letters Nov. 13 
telling corporate officers of the com- 
pany, also known as Grupo B.M., that 
they were violation of the 1996 
Helms-Burton Act- 

Under Title IV of the act, the cor- 
porate officers, their spouses, minor 
children and agents will be denied 


U.S. visas and excluded from entering 
the United States as of 45 days from 
the date of the letters. U.S. officials 
could not immediately say how many 
letters were sent. The act provides for 
sanctions against any foreign national 
who is deemed to be using confiscated 
property in Cuba that is claimed by a 
U.S. national. 


PAOETWO 

Israeli- US. Jem: A Crowing Divide 

ASIA/PACIFIC Pago 4. 

Korea's Black Market: US. Bases 


CompSoJ bv Ow Staff FmmDu/hSrSn 

KUALA LUMPUR — The U.S. am- 
bassador to Malaysia, saying he felt 
personally targeted by a death threat, 
appealed Monday to leaders here and in 
the United States to put an end to emo- 
tional rhetoric that he said was under- 
mining relations. 

Ambassador John Malott, speaking 
four days after a member of an unknown 
group threatened in a phone call to the 
U.S. Embassy in Kuala Lumpur to kill 
four Americans in Malaysia, urged 
Malaysians to stop “America-tash- 
ing." 

“I am concerned about the growing 
tendency to blame everything thar is 
happening on foreigners, usually Amer- 
icans, or on the foreign press, usually 
American-owned,” the U.S. ambassa- 
dor said at a news conference. 

The threat to Americans in Malaysia 
was made a day after four Americans 
were gunned down and killed Nov. 12 in 
Karachi, Pakistan. 

The envoy also criticized a resolution 
in the U.S. Congress demanding that 
Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad 
either apologize for recent remarks 
about Jews or resign his office. 

Mr. Mahathir was quoted last month 
as saying that the government suspected 
Jewish groups had an agenda to block 
Muslims' progress. Malaysia's popu- 
lation is predominantly Muslim. 

“T do believe it is inappropriate to 
call upon the leader of another country 
to resign,” Mr. Malott said. 

Mr. Malott said his statement might 
anger the 34 U.S. Congressmen who 
supported the resolution, but said he was 
“willing to display .this political cour- 
age because I believe so strongly in the 
importance of our relationship.” 

Mr. Mahathir's coalition has con- 
demned the resolution and plans to in- 
troduce a parliamentary motion of con- 
fidence in support of the 71-year-old 
leader. 

Mr. Malott said he called the news 
conference to try to help put bilateral 
relations back on track. They have been 
shaken by a financial crisis in Malaysia 
and mounting suspicions in Kuala Lum- 
pur about U.S. intentions. 

Listing reasons to keep relations 
smooth, Mr. Mai lot said the United 
States was the largest importer of 
Malaysian goods, thousands of Malay- 
sian students have been trained in the 
United States, and American companies 
brought new technology to the nation. 

“My message today is ‘Enough is 
enough.’ My message today, in Amer- 
ican slang is, ‘Let’s cool it,”’ Mr. 
Malott said. 

“My message today is that everyone 
on both sides of the ocean needs to treat 
our important relationship with all the 
care and respect it deserves." 

The diplomat, who has served In 
Malaysia for two years, said he felt 
personally targeted by the death threat,, 
made to the embassy by an anonymous 
caller who claimed to be from the 

See ENYOY, Page 5 


Even From Prison, Wei Continued to Dissent Loudly 


By Seth Faison 

New York Tuna Service 

BEIJING — During Wei Jingsheng’s years in pris- 
on, be often played a dangerous game. 

Despite his untold suffering, his long stretches of 
solitary confinement and his hunger strikes, even 
when his teeth fell out, Mr. Wei regularly wrote to 
China ’s senior leaders to tease and ridicule them. 

In a humorous and deeply impertinent manner, be 
challenged die leaders to live by their words. He 
invoked his rights under China's constitution, like free 
Speech. He suggested that elections be conducted, 
rather than faked. 

Quoting Communist Party classics. Mr. Wei. ever 
full of subtle suggestions and tan political observation. 


identified and made fun of the defects in authoritarian 
rule. It was like asking for more punishmenL 
“His tragedy did not simply befall him,” wrote 
Andrew Nathan, a professor of Chinese studies at 
Columbia University, in the preface to a collection of 

Mr. Wei said Monday that he needed medical 
treatment before discussing his future. Page 5. 

Mr. Wei’s letters published this year. * ‘He created and 
shaped it" 

Mr. Wei seems a relentlessly active man, even when 
incarcerated, as he was for 18 years. In his letters, the 
record of his time in prison, he stubbornly bat politely 
turned down the urgings of family members to keep his 


head down and stay out of trouble, like ordinary 
people. But Mr. Wei was not ordinary. 

“Wei Jingsheng is a natural-bom hero,” said Liu 
Qmg. a longtime friend and fellow activist. “The 
desire and impulse to accomplish great things bum in 
his veins.” 

Mr. Wei was bom to a pair of mid-level Communist 
Party officials in 1950 and was well-schooled as a 
child in Beijing. He grew m> believing fervently in 
Communism and the leadership of Mao Zedong. 

But in 1996, while Mr. Wei was in high school, an 
era of political fanaticism called the Cultural Rev- 
olution broke out. Most schools were closed. Mr. Wei 
became a Red Guard and traveled all over die country. 

See DISSIDENT, Page 5 






INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


PAGE TWO 


Evolution of Identity / Leaving the Diaspora Behind 


Israelis Grow Distant From American Jewry 


By Serge Schmem&nn 

New York Times Service 


J ERUSALEM — American visitors to Israel 
these days might be forgiven for suspecting 
that (hey never left home, what with the pro- 
liferation of McDonald's arches. Blockbuster 
videos, football games on cable, shopping malls, 
epic traffic jams and the general air of prosperity. 

Yet Jewish visitors from the United States are also 
often surprised to team that all the apparent Amer- 
icanization does not extend to news. Tne big Jewish 
news stories bade in America — fee recovery of 
Jewish-owned gold from Swiss banks, fee rev- 
elation of Secretary of State Madeleine Albright’s 
Jewish roots, Daniel Jonah Goldhagen's book about 
Germans and the Holocaust or, more recently, the 
firry among Reform and Conservative Jews over 
conversions in Israel — are minor news here. 

The fact is. say Israelis who follow relations wife 
diaspora Jews, interest in American Jewry has 
waned with fee passage of generations, fee growth 
of prosperity ana the evolution of a natio nal identity 
inlsraeL 

“There’re so many other problems here,” 
Matti Golan, a veteran journalist. “I think most 
Israelis don’t devote too much time and attention to 
relations with American Jews.' ’ Mr. Golan wrote a 
book sharply critical of American Jews, “With 
Friends Like You: What Israelis Really Think 
About American Jews.” 

As one journalist put it when his editors played 
down a stay he wrote about American Jews, “Jews 
are not news." 

That might come as a shock to those American 
Jews who believe that their financial and political 
support is vital to the survival of what they onen still 
perceive as a vulnerable, stru g glin g Jewish stare. 
Israelis would retort that fewer than 20 percent of 
American Jews have visited Israel and that Amer- 
ican Jewish donations amount to less than 1 percent 
of fee gross national product of IsraeL 

Underlying all. such debates is fee hard fact that 
American and Israeli Jews have moved for apart 
since their common forebears left the shtetls of 
Eastern Europe. 

“Once it was brothers in Israel and America," 
said Avraham Avi-Hai, an official of various fund- 
raising organizations and author of a study of re- 
lations between Israel and fee Jewish diaspora. 
“Now it’s distant cousins.” 

Even in the early days of fee Israeli stare, when 
many Israelis still had close kin and a common 
language among Jews in fee United States, the 
relationship was ambivalent. 

“Basically,” said Stuart Scboffman, a journalist 
who emigrated nine years ago from the United 
States, “there was a long-term pattern of mutual 
condescension, in which Israel was an impover- 
ished country cousin and you sent blankets to keep 
them warm in winter, and America was a place of 
sludgepot assimilation and stunted Judaism, for 
which Israel provided heroism and inspiration. 

“All that is changing " he said, adding Thar Israel 
is “like the kid who was always asking Dad for fee 
keys to the car. Now he has his own car and 
sometimes has the feeling he wants to run Dad over. 
On the flip side, virtually every American Jew has 
reason to be disappointed in Israel at this mo- 
ment.” 

A major frustration for Israelis has been with 
what they perceive as efforts by American Jews to 
push policies for which Israelis have to pay the price 
in blood and hardship. 

The resentment is shared by right and left Some 
on the right, like fee legislator Benny Eton, have 
urged an end to Israel’s annual dependence on S3 
billion in American aid, believing the money gives 
Washington leverage to press policies that many in 
Israel consider deadly. Israelis on the left erupted in 
fury recently when an American millionaire. Irving 
Moscowitz. fomented a confrontation with fee Pal- 
estinians by moving Jewish settlers into a house he 
had bought in East Jerusalem. These decisions, Is- 



Ma R [V«r 


Mr. Netanyahu conferring with Mayor Stephen Goldsmith of Indianapolis last 
week. Some Israelis suspect that American Jews 9 anger about the issue of 
conversion is actually a channeling of anger over the prime minister’s policies. 


raelis argue, are for those who vote and bear arms. 

“We distinguish between issues which are uni- 
versal issues of Judaism, whether conversion, im- 
migration or fee moral precepts of society,” said 
Simcha Dinitz, a former ambassador to fee United 
States and head of fee Jewish Agency. “But on the 
lin«» between us and the Palestinians, or us and 
Jordan, we’re ready to hear opinion, but the decision 
has to be made, for better or for worse, by people 
duly elected as fee government of IsraeL We’ll 
decide whether to divide Jerusalem — you divide 
New Jersey, if you warn.” 

S UCH RESENTMENT is often expressed in 
Israeli reminders of how few American 
Jews immigrate to IsraeL The number, 
about 3,200 a year, is considerably smaller 
than fee number of Israelis who leave Israel to live 
and work in fee United States. 

Beyond the mutual pique lies the simple fact that 
Israeli Jews have had their own nation tor 50 years 
now. They simply do not share sources of identity 
wife Jews who still live as minorities in their own 
countries, no longer persecuted but still threatened 
with assimilation. 

“The differences come from an objective situ- 
ation,” Mr. Golan said. “Israeli Jews are born and 
raised in a majority, while American Jews are bom 
and raised as a minority. It makes a big difference in 
mentality. In that respect, Israelis in a way feel more 
at ease with majorities in other countries than with 
diaspora Jews.” 

That difference occasionally becomes evident in 
disputes wife other countries. Thus, while Amer- 
ican Jews pursued gold held by Swiss banks simply 
as descendants of fee Jews from wham it had been 
stolen, some Israelis, for whom the issue had an 
additional, international relations dimension, were 
uncomfortable with it. 

The distinction between acceptable and unac- 
ceptable areas of diaspora input into Israeli affairs 
has led some Israelis to suspect that American Jews’ 
anger about fee issue of conversion was really a 
channeling of anger over Prime Minister Benjamin 
Netanyahu’s hard-line policies and his strained 
relations with President Bill Clinton. 


“I can’t help but suspect that fee issue here is one 
of political sublimation, ’ ’ said Rabbi David Rosen, 
the newly appointed bead of the Anti-Defamation 
League in IsraeL “Were fee diaspora Jews to be a 
bit more happy about where Israel is beaded po- 
litically, they might be a bit more tolerant. 1 1 

That bewilderment at fee fury of fee American 
Jews belonging to the Reform and Conservative 
movements was widespread among Israeli Jews, in 
part because few among them are familiar wife 
these movements, which have only token mem- 
bership in IsraeL and in part because the dispute 
wife Orthodox Jews goes a long way back. 

The dispute centers od a lawsuit brought by 
Reform and Conservative Jews to compel the Israeli 
government to recognize non-Orthodox rabbis’ 
right to perform conversions. This comes as Or- 
thodox Jews, who hold a traditional monopoly on 
religious affairs in Israel, have proposed to enshrine 
their control in legislation. 

Although this authority would only apply to 
IsraeL many American Jews have taken the pro- 
posal as an affront, and asserted that they are being 
regarded as second-class Jews. 

Some Israelis recognize feat the conversion issue 
is critical to American Jews, bec&ase the Reform 
and Conservative movements, with their less strin- 
gent rules for religious behavior, are their main 
defense against assimilation into American civic 
culture. 

The simpler approach to conversion, for ex- 
ample, makes it easi^for fee spouse of a JeW to- 
become Jewish. 

But Israelis note that that problem does not exist 
in Israel. The dispute here between secular and 
religious Jews is over civil rights and issues like 
driving on the Sabbath, not over identity. 

Rabbi Avraham Ravitz, a legislator from the 
United Torah Judaism, described the Orthodox op- 
position to the Reform and Conservative demands 
in terms similar to those of secular Israelis who 
resent American interference in security issues. 
“We feel very upset about them to come here and 
not live here and just to interfere and give orders to 
us bow to behave and what laws we should pass.” 
he said. 


Australia Mining Town* 
Buffs an Old Profession 


By Clyde a Farnsworth 

New Yorj Tunes Service 

KALGOORLDE, Australia — As a 
tourist attraction, it hardly competes 
wife Sydney’s Opera House or Ayers 
Rock, but fat tour buses inevitably craw! 
along Hay Street, fee brothel quarter of 
this hanLedged capital of Western Aus- 
tralia’s goldfields. Skimpily dressed 
young women wave from gaudily 
lighted stalls. Sometimes tourists wave 
back. 

Prostitution has been a fact of life in 
Kalgoorlie since 1893, when Paddy 

Hannan. To mmy Fl anagan and Danny 

Shea scooped out the first nuggets from 
nearby Golden Mile, now recognized as 
one of the world’s richest gold-bearing 
lodes. 

As reports of the find drew fortune- 
seekers from all over the world, women 
too began arriving, chiefly from Japan, 
Britain and France, to work as nurses, 
barmaids, and in fee flashy pink, blue 
and orange MtaMithnwnm lining Hay 
Street, malring fr fee national icon for 
wantonness. 

Three brothels remain, and fee town 
of 20,000, which lately has become a 
considerably more family-and-church- 
ariented place, is divided over one 
madam’s plans for a $1 milli on renov- 
ation of Iter premises at 181 Hay St, 
which would include a Museum ofPros- 
titutioa. 

“We can make Hay Street into an 
even bigger tourist asset,” exclaimed 
Mary-Anne Keo worthy, whose front- 
stoop advertising brags: “Atone-eight- 
one, fee girls are yum.” Her proposal 
just cleared a major obstacle with a7-to- 
4 vote in die town council granting 
building approvaL She intends to start 
construction Feb. 1. 

‘The museum, occupying fee front 
1 floor, would be open during fee 
before fee girls arrive,” she said, 
will be a guide, photographs, 
paintings, a lot of history, including one 
of tite old working beds.” 

Ms. Kenworthy says she believes her 
museum will be especially popular wife 
women. “Not a woman exists who 
doesn’t itch to get her nose inside a 
brotheL” she said. 

One recent early evening, four older 
women strolled by 18 1 as blonde Tanya, 
23, trying to pay her mortgage, and 



raven-haired Nila, 22, planning to fi- 
nance college, were beckoning to men 
in cars. . 

“It’s a fact of life, 4 said Molly 
Wooller, 63. She and her three com- 
panions, all widows on pensions, were 
visiting from Path, 550 kilometers to 
the west, and “decided to take a walk on 
Hay -Street” a hop-skip from the- main - 
business district 

They staid they favored fee restor- 
ations;-; 

“Why not. if it’ll make conditions 
better for the girls?” asked Mrs. 
Wooller. When fee women encountered 
Tanya and got to talking, they expressed 
curiosity about the inside of 181. As 
Tanya had a little spare tune, she gave 
them a tour. Inside, fee place looked 
tacky and rundown, in need of paint. 

But many Kalgoorlie citizens see Ms. 
Kenwcrrthy’s proposal as fee thin edge 
of the wedge. Should her establishment 
be upgraded, this could encourage oth- 
ers to upgrade as welL and, according to 
Jay Townsend, deputy editor of the local 
daily, the Kalgoorlie Miner, “You 


could turn what exists today as a 
tourist attraction into something 
more.” • 

That “something more’) 
many townspeople skittish, including 
Mayor Ron Yuryevich, who believes 
that while die sex industry will never pe 
crushed, it must be compressed to keep 
from suffocating other businesses. 

“We’ve always recognized fee 
brothel situation because of our large 
contingent of single young males* so 
you’ll probably never build a home pn 
Hay Street,” be said wife a cautious 
smile. A third of Kalgoorlie’s popu- 
lation is aged 25 to 35, and half aren ’ 
old enough to vote. 

“What we don’t need,” the mayor 
added, “are the takeaways — call 
operating from fee brothels, sometime y 
knocking on fee wrong doors at night, or 
more massage parlors and freelancers 
offering discount services. ’ ’ 

If only for health reasons, he em- 

E hasized, it’s important to “keep a 
andle” on the situation. 

So for tiie brothels don’t seem to have 
suffocated other business. Despite a 
stump in world gold prices, the town is 
thriving. 

The population is up by 50 percent 
over the last 15 to 20 years, largely 
rhanlcs to new discoveries of nickel near 
tiie gold seams. 

Instead of wizened prospectors, new- 
comers are computer specialists, ac- 
countants, en gin eers and other skilled 
professionals brought in by big mining fp 
corporations, often wife young families. 
Real estate prices have never been high- 
er. 

Although the mayor, who operates a 
local air-conditioning business, lost the 
fi ght on the council to stop the renov- 
ation of 181, his support for brothels as 
they now exist makes him a moderate in 
fee broader civic struggle. 

Seeking to root them out completely 
is a coalition of local church leaders and 

the Australian Family Association. 

“Are we trying to present ourselves 
as fee brothel capital of Australia, or a 
place for families?” asks Thomas Graf. 
minis ter of the Uniting Church, com- 
posed of former Methodists, Presby- 
terians and Congregationalists. 


Northwest Extends 
Limit onCony-Oris 

The Associated Press 
EAGAN, Minnesota — North- 
west Airlines is extending its limits 
on cany-on baggage to all its flights 
as-of Friday.- Under what iU^Us its - 
“one-plus” policy, passengers will 
be limited to one cany-on bag plus a 
briefcase, laptop computer or purse. 

Certain other items, including - 
umbrellas, cratches, collapsible . 
wheelchairs, strollers and diaper 
bags, may be brought aboard in 
addition to the one-plus items. 
Northwest said. Passengers travel- 
ing first or business class and mem- 
bers of International Gold Elite or 
WorldPerks Gold programs will be 
allowed an extra carry-on item. 1 
Because overcrowding of cabin ^ 
space, Northwest has been limiting" 
carry-on luggage on all flights feat' 
are more than 70 percent booked. 


* 

* 


• i\ , 


- 




K 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


WEATHER 


Airline Seeks Frankfurt Expansion 

FRANKFURT (Reuters) — The chief executive of 
Lufthansa wants another runway added to Frankfurt’s airport, 
the German national carrier’s hub. according to an interview 
published Monday in Der Spiegel magazine.. 

“Either Frankfort will develop further and play a role as 
one of the world’s main airports,’’ Jnergen Weber was quoted 
as saying, “ex in the long run it will become a second-rate hub 
and be overtaken by other airports.” 

Italy’s Gasoline Pumps to Be Shut 

ROME (AP) — Gasoline pumps across Italy will shutdown 
Tuesday for a 60-hour strike to protest a government attempt 
to increase the number of stations owned by foreign oil 
companies, unions announced Monday. 

The strike is scheduled to run from 7 P.M. on Tuesday until 
7 AM. on Friday. 


The northern French cities of Lille and Dunkirk were 
paralyzed Monday by a strike by public-transportation work- 
ers protesting safety conditions. (AFP) 

A snowstorm shut Vladivostok's municipal transpor- 
tation. airport and seaport Monday, the Russian press agency 
Itar-Tass reported. (AFP) 


Corrections 

An article in fee Business-Finance pages of Monday's 
editions, reporting that some U.S. mutual fund investors are 
fleeing international stock funds, misidentified fee source of 
the article. It was from Bloomberg News in New York. 

A photograph of the aircraft carrier George Washington in 
Monday's editions carried an erroneous credit It was taken by 
Mohamed el-Dakhakhny of The Associated Press. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


PAGE 3 


THE AMERICAS 


lift 2d Oklahoma City Bombing Trial , Strategic Tacks Are Under Way 


/ By Jo Thomas 

New York Times Service 

DENVER — During jury selection for the 
second Oklahoma City bombing trial, some po- 
tential jurors knew so little about the defendant. 
'Terry Nichols, that they referred to him as Terry 
r McNichols, combining his last name with that of 
his co-defendant, Timothy McVeigh. 

They remembered Mr. McVeigh, caught 
'done-faced by television cameras a few days 
.after the April 19, 199S, bombing as he was led 
out of a courthouse near Oklahoma City. But 
most could not recall where, how or when Mr. 
3ftchoIs was arrested. 

, Mr. Nichols has been on trial before a U.S. 
District Court jury in. Denver for two weeks on 
'.charges of murder and conspiracy, and the prob- 
.lcm for prosecutors has been twofold: to carve 


out a separate identity for him, while at the same 
time portraying him as someone who worked 
side-by-side with Mr. McVeigh. 

Both efforts have die same propose to show that 
Mr. Nichols bears as much responsibility as Mr. 
McVeigh for the bombing that killed 168 people. 

But the result has been a different trial from die 
first one, in which Mr. McVeigh was convicted 
and sentenced to death. 

^particular, the impact of Michael Fortier, the 
chief prosecution witness, has changed. In the 
first trial, Mr. Fortier, a close friend of Mr. 
McVeigh's, became the most compelling witness 
against him, telling the jury how Mr. McVeigh 
confided his plans for the bombing and drove him 
past the Oklahoma City federal building, askin g 
whether he thought a truck carrying the bomb 
would fit in the parking place out front. 

But Mr. Fortier was not dose to Mr. Nichols, 


and he had much less to say about him. Mr. Fortier 
had met Mr. Nichols in the army but afterward said 
be knew him only through Mr. McVeigh. 

Mr. Fortier told the jury that Mr. McVeigh told 
him Mr. Nichols had helped him steal explosives 
from a Kansas rock quarry and had robbed an 
Arkansas gun dealer, acts that prosecutors say 
were designed to provide money and material for 
the bombing. But Mr. Fortier also said Mr. Mc- 
Veigh told him before the bombing that Mr. 
Nichols wanted to drop out of the plot. 

The most damag in g pari of Mr. Portia's testi- 
mony against Mr. Nichols came when be identified 
explosives brought to his home for safekeeping by 
Mr. McVeigh firm a storage locker he bad rented 
in Kingman, Arizona. An FBI expert subsequently 

identified a fingerprint on the wrapper for the 

explosives as belonging to Mr. Nichols. 

Mr. Fortier testified that Mr. Nichols went 


with Mr. McVeigh to the storage locker in Oc- 
tober 1994. But he did not testify that Mr. Nichols 
saw or knew of everything that was inside. 

Later foot month, however, Mr. Fortier said Mr. 
McVeigh asked him to tell Mr. Nichols to pick up 
items from the storage locker and take them to New 
Mexico. When he gave Mr. Nichols the message, 
Mr. Fortier said. Mr. Nichols nodded and left 
without asking what Mr. McVeigh wanted or 
where in New Mexico they were to meet. 

Prosecutors also elicited new testimony from 
Timothy Donahue, who employed Mr. Nichols as 
a ranch worker the year before die bombing. Just 
before Mr. Nichols quit his job, at the aid of 
September 1994, Mr. Donahue said, Mr. Nichols 
told him the government needed to be overthrown. 
But cross-examined by Michael Hgar, Mr. Nich- 
ols's lead lawyer, Mr. Donahue said Mr. Nichols 
never said anything about planning a bombing. 


• The second bombing trial has also been mare 

subdued than the first. Unlike Mr. McVeigh s 
lawyer, Stephen Jones, who put forward no mo- 
tions to limit emotional testimony from wit- 
nesses, Mr. Tigar has sought to curb it as much as 
possible. He argued that lengthy testimony about 
the horror of the crime might so inflame the jury 
that it would convict anyone. 

Judge Richard Matsch, who also presided over 
the first trial, has allowed for frequent warnings 
to potential jurors that they must decide the case 
on the evidence, not on their emotions. And that 
has changed both the prosecutors’ questioning 
and their trial strategy. . 

Gone is the prosecution technique, seen in Mr. 
McVeigh’s trial, of alternating heart- wrenching 
testimony from the bombing scene with forensic 
evidence from the FBI laboratory or testimony 
from friends of Mr. McVeigh's. 




i 1 " -y \ i \i : !K - yy.t riMi; 


RIVEN REDWOOD — Margie Hayes of Oc- 
cidental, California, is dwarfed by what remains 
of a redwood ui her yard that was hit by lightning. 

Away From Politics 

• The countdown has begun fbr the launching of the 
space shuttle Columbia on a mission featuring a space- 
walk and the release and retrieval of a solar observatory. 
Columbia is scheduled to blast off Wednesday. (AP) 

• A tractor trailer and a van full of people believed to 

be migrant farm workers collided on a foggy highway 
near Mendota in central California. Eleven of 1 2 people in 
the van were killed. (AP) 

• An auto mechanic who told neighbors in Texas he 

moved there to escape crime in Louisiana has admitted 
to stabbing, bludgeoning or shooting six people to death 
before he left, the police said. (AP) 


Soros Joins Unorthodox Anti-Drug Fight in Baltimore 


By Paul W. Valentine 

Washington Post Service 

BALTIMORE — George 
Soros, the billionaire finan- 
cier, and Kurt Schmoke, this 
city’s cautious, three-term 
mayor, would seem at first to 
make an unlikely couple. 

But it is here that the phil- 
anthropist, who like Mr. 
Schmoke supports the liber- 
alization of U.S. drug policy, 
has decided to focus some of 
his largely international phil- 
anthropy on a social policy 
experiment in his adopted 
country. 

Known best as a foreign- 
currency speculator and for 
donating hundreds of mil- 
lions of dollars to educational 
and other institutions in 
former countries of the Soviet 
bloc, Mr. Soros will pump 
S25 million over the next five 
years into Baltimore's 
battered urban landscape for a 
range of drug treatment, job 
training and other programs, 
some of them controversial 
and not proven. 

But that is, in large part, 
what brought the two men to- 
gether a common interest in 
looking at unorthodox solu- 
tions to old problems. 

Mr. Soros, who was 
already considering Bal- 
timore as another focus of his 
philanthropy, had invited the 
mayor and key members of 
his staff to discuss a wide 
range of drug policy issues 
and related, topics.. The meet- 


ing sealed Mr. Soros's de- 
cision to select Baltimore for 
the first satellite office of his 
Open Society Institute. 

Details of the project have 
not been developed, but a lo- 
cal board will propose pro- 
grams for financing, said Di- 
ana Morris, director of the 
satellite office, which opened 
in September. The project 
will probably include an array 
of educational and social pro- 
designed to head off 
tig addiction and criminal 
activity, and it will supple- 
ment money already in the 
pipeline to bolster a system of 
“managed care" rhar would 
provide treatment on demand 
for addicts. 

“I expect the board to be 
open to alternative con- 
cepts,” Ms. Morris said, with 
an emphasis on treatment 
rather than law enforcement 

Those kinds of programs 
underpin Mr. Soros's and Mr. 
Schmoke’s view of drag abuse 
as more a public health issue 
than a law enforcement prob- 
lem. Mr. Schmoke is careful to 
note that he expects his police 
department to continue crack- 
ing down on “the real pred- 
ators. on the distributors and 
on the violent enforcers.” 

But critics say die pro- 
gram’s approaches to the 
problem may be precursors to 
a harder push for the decrim- 
inalization of drags, a goal 
that Mr. Soros and Mr. 
Schmoke, among others, have 
said society should consider. 


Justices Uphold Miranda Rule in Drug Case 

•Court Refuses to Reinstate Conviction of Suspect Who Wasn't Told He Could Remain Silent 


. The Associated Press 

; WASHINGTON — The 
^Supreme Court refused Mon- 
•day to reinstate the drug con- 
victions of a Maryland man 
;who was asked by the police 
!if he used drags without first 
! being warned of his right to 
•remain silent 

'. The court, without com- 
" .merit, turned away prosecu- 
tors’ argument that the ques- 
tion was merely part of the 
normal arrest booking process 
and required no warning. 

- Michael Patron Hughes 
was arrested in October 1993 
in Landover Hills, Maryland, 
after he fled when the police, 
looking for drag activity, ap- 
proached a group of people. 

Saying that he dropped a 
bag containing crack cocaine 
as he fled, officers charged 
him with various cocaine-re- 
lated crimes. 

While Mr. Hughes was bc- 
i Log booked, the police asked 
• him whether he was a drug- 
user. He answered that he was 
not. 

; Mr. Hughes had nor yet 
been advised of his rights un- 
der the Supreme Court’s 
landmark 1966 ruling in Mir- 
anda v. Arizona, which re- 
quires officers to tell suspects 
in custody of their right to 
remain silent or have a lawyer 
present before responding to 
questions. 

During Mr. Hughes's trial, 
prosecutors used his state- 
ment that he was not a drug- 
user to support the allegation 
that he intended to sell the 
drugs instead of using them 
himself. Mr. Hughes ap- 
pealed his convictions, saying 


the statement should not have 
been used as evidence. 

The Maryland Court of 
Appeals agreed and granted 
him a new trial. 

The Supreme Court has 
recognized an exception from 
the Miranda rale tor routine 
identification questions asked 
during booking, the state 
court noted. 

But it added that the police 
“may not use the booking pro- 
cess as a pretext for gathering 
incriminating information.' ’ 

In the appeal acted on 
Monday, prosecutors asked 
the justices to clarify what 
types of questions the police 
can ask during booking with- 
out giving the warning. 

In another decision, the 
court allowed a Georgia city 
to continue electing its mayor 


and city council members by 
at-large majority votes de- 
. spite the Justice Depart- 
ment’s objections. 

The court, by a 7-to-2 vote, 
reversed ratings that said 


Monroe, Georgia, cannot con- 
duct, such elections because 
tiie at-large majority system 
never received federal approv- 
al to ensure it does not lessen 
minority voting power. 


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This has drawn fire from law 
enforcement hard-liners; who 
contend those philosophies 
will weaken the fabric of U:S. 
society, and from some ad- 
diction experts, who say that 
the more a drag is available, 
the more people will use it 
and get into trouble. 

Mr. Schmoke made history 
in 1989 as one of the first big 


city mayors to declare that the 
drug war had been lost- Since 
that, he has established a 
needle-exchange program, in- 
creased financing for drug 
treatment, encouraged such 
experimental treatments such 
acupuncture and pushed for a 
“drag court” that could divert 
users from jail to treatment. 

Both men have urged a na- 


tional debate on “ medical iz- 
ing” drug abuse by allowing 
closely controlled prescription 
of some hard drugs to aodicis 
as part of a treatment and 
crime-reduction strategy, sim- 
ilar to programs in Switzer- 
land and the Netherlands. 

Michael Vacboa, a spokes- 
man for Mr. Soros, said the 
philanthropist was making a 


challenge of U.S. drug policy 
one of his first domestic in- 
terests “because it is one of 
the most clear-cut cases of 
irrational policy." 

“The war on drugs ^ was 
supposed to cure the ills,” the 
spokesman said, “but it has 
had the unintended con- 
sequence of creating even 
greater harms.” 


POLITICAL 


Giuliani Turns Down 
A Star Turn in Iowa 

• WASHINGTON — Winning re- 
election by 16 percentage points in an 
overwhelmingly Democratic city, 
Rudolph Giuliani, New York's Repub- 
lican mayor, appears to have acquired 
the states of a presidential contender. 
He has been invited to Iowa. 

Mr. Giuliani was asked to visit by 
state Republican leaders so that Iowa 
voters, among the first in the nation to 
select party presidential nominees, 
could check him out. 

The mayor declined the invitation, 
but is not removing any options about 
running for office. 

“He is Dot making a pledge to serve 
a four-year term,” said a Giuliani 
spokesman. Jack Deacy. "If people 
believe that he could possibly go for 
higher office, it gives him a certain 
amount of leverage both statewide and 
on the national scene.” 


Another high-profile New York Re- 
publican may also have higher political 
am bi Jans in mind. 

Governor George Pataki spent last 
week on a cross-country fund-raising 
marathon, fueling speculation about 
his interest in running for president 
With stops in seven states, Mr. Pataki 
was seeking from $300,000 to 
$500,000 for the gubernatorial race 
next year. (WP) 

Independent Counsel 
Near in Babbitt Case 

WASHINGTON — The investiga- 
tion of Interior Secretary Bruce Bab- 
bitt’s handling of an Indian casino li- 
cense appears likely to result in the 
appointment of an independent coun- 
sel because of difficulties in estab- 
lishing the truthfulness of his sworn 
statements to Congress, senior Justice 
Department officials say. 

“Given the facts and the statutes 


involved, it is hard to see how this case 
is going to wash out in time,” said an 
official close to the investigation, 
which was formally opened last 
week. 

Once such an inquiry under the In- 
dependent Counsel Act has been ini- 
tiated, the attorney general has up to 90 
days either to dear the subject of any 
serious allegations — finding that there 
are no “reasonable grounds" for fur- 
ther investigation of the subject — or to 
turn the case over to an independent 
counsel. (WP) 

Quote/Unquote 

Senator Orrin Hatch. Republican of 
Utah, on his unlikely alliances with 
Senator Edward Kennedy: “The only 
time he changes is when I drag him 
onto a bill and drag him to the center. 
He drags me to the center too, some- 
times. And that's why this relationship 
is sometimes a very good thing for this 
place.” ' . (AP) 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


Black Market: Red, White and Blue 

■South Koreans Big and Illegal Customers of Stores on U.S. Bases 


By Kevin Sullivan 
\ and Mary Jordan 

•- Washington Pou Service 

SEOUL — By the time the U.$. mil- 
-itary police caught up with Pd San 
'-'Brooks last spring, they figured her 
lablaclc'inarket operation was mating at 
•least Si millio n a month. 

Mrs. Brooks, die South Korean-born 
-wife of an American employee at a U.S. 
’ ^military base here, oversaw a team of 50 
■^‘runners” who would buy beer, meat. 
' -cosmetics and other American pnxiucis 
* ‘on U.S. bases and sell them illegally in 
this city's markets. 

- The profit was simple; A 24-can case 

- ;of Budweiscr or Miller beer costs about 
-"*$12 on base, but each can sells in Seoul 

•bars for $5 — making the case worth 

- ‘$120. Stereos and television sets sell for 
•three times their on-base cose one black- 

■ .market ring broken up this year bad a 

cache of big-screen televisions worth 
*$600,000 in off-base markets. . 

- Many of the runners in Mrs. Brooks's 
Ting were using counterfeit military 
.'•identification cards and fake passes — 
even bogus UJ>. military license pla tes 

■ n — to shop at base stores. Hie forgers did 
.such a good job that the computerized 

- *Jbar codes on the hike identification cards 

worked properly when scanned by mil- 
’•itary authorities. The fake documents 


themselves were valuable — authorities 
seized 2300 of them with a street value 
of more than $5 million. One woman 
caught with a forged identification was 
outraged when a military police officer 
tried to take it away from her, screaming, 
“I paid $8,000 for that!" 

with 37,000 American servicemen 
stationed here. South Korea is believed 
to be the most active black-market cen- 
ter of any U.S. military host nation. 
Officials here estimate that black mar- 
keteers account for about 10 percent, or 
about $35 million worth, of total annual 
sales at base stores. 

American authorities are cracking 
down on black marketeers: 450 were 
arrested last year, tire majority of them 
South Korean wives or relatives of U.S. 
soldiers or base employees. Working 
with U.S. military ponce officers, South 
Korean authorities in the first half of this 
year raided 35 "drop houses," or off- 
base storehouses where illegal goods are 
held before being sold to retailers. That 
was more raids than in all of last year. 

Officials found 1 ,500 cases of beer at 
one drop house and they believe that 
operation had moved as many as 2 mil- 
lion cases in recent years. Military au- 
thorities have placed new limits on how 
much beer soldiers can buy in a given 
period, reducing the maximum from a 
case a day to two cases a week. 


'•i M 

Douglas MacArthur 2d, 
■U.S. Diplomat, Dies at 88 

Despite the improvement in Japa- 
nelations, th 


New York Tones Service 

NEW YORK — Douglas MacArthur 
’-.‘2d. 88, a diplomat who was ambassador 
■‘to Japan from 1957 to 1961, a period 
’/'when relations between Tokyo and 
^‘.Washington were put on a new footing 
of equality after 15 years of Japanese 
^subordination, died Saturday in Wash- 
'’ington. 

Mr. MacArthur was a nephew of 
-•General Douglas MacArthur, who be- 
t 'came the commander of the Allied oc- 
cupation of Japan immediately after 
-.World WarH 

After his time in Tokyo. Mr. Mac- 
Arthur went on to become ambassador to 
'Belgium (1961-1965), assistant secretary 
'of state far congressional relations ( 1965- 
'1967), ambassador to Austria (1967- 
-■’1969), and then ambassador to Iran 
''(1969-1972). There he escaped an at- 
'^tempted kidnapping. He retired in 1972. 
v ‘ r while he was ambassador to Japan, he 
played a crucial role in prolonged ne- 
gotiations during which Japanese griev- 
ances were addressed. Eventually, a new 
U.S .-Japanese mutual security treaty 
was signed and ratified by both gov- 
ernments and went into effect in 1960. 

In that year. Time magazine called 
him “tee principal architect of present- 
day U.S. policy toward Japan.” 


U.S. officials said they were stunned 
at how little care markets take to conceal 
the illegal goods. One American said be 
knew of a shop in an exclusive Seoul 
neighborhood m which the owner posts 
notices reading: “I'm placing an order 
at tee PX tomorrow, what would you 
like?" 

An article last monte in tee Korea 
Tunes discussed the black-market trade 
as a routine economic issue, without 
ever mentioning any ethical ‘problems. 
One merchant raid: “Our total depend- 
ence on illegal goods has been reduced 
from 90 percent to 5 percent, and we 
now buy most of our items from legal 
sources.'' A shopper said: "It’s much 
cheaper to buy contraband items, and in 
the case of the foodstuffs, they taste a lot 
better.” Bote allowed tear names to be 
printed, despite their admissions of il- 
legal activity. 

Goods imported onto mili tary bases 
are duty-free, so selling them off-base 
robs tee .South Korean government of 
the import duty it levies on foreign 
products. 

1 ‘The only obvious loser in this whole 
thing is the South Korean custom," 
said an American diplomat in Seoul, 
"but quite frankly they don't seem to 
take the whole thing seriously. That’s 
puzzling to me." 

American officials say they are dis- 
mayed over light sentences banded out 
to black marketeers in South Korean 
courts. Mrs. Brooks, the woman who 
ran the multimUlion-dollar ring, was 
given a suspended jail sentence and 
deported to tee United States — she had 
became a U.S. citizen though marriage 
— hot was allowed to return here after a 
few months for "family reasons." 

Despite the huge profits made by her 
ring, she was not required to pay a 
fine. * 



Prime Minister Sharif waving to supporters outside the Supreme Court building in Islamabad on Monday. 

Pakistani Leader Denies Contempt Charge 


nese- American relations, there were 
leftist-led demonstrations against tee 
treaty in May and June I960, and they 
led to the cancellation of a scheduled 
visit to Japan by President Dwight Eis- 
enhower. But afterward, tee political 
party that accepted the pact was returned 
to power in the Japanese Parliament. 

During the Nazi occupation of 
Prance, Mr. MacArthur was assigned to 
Marshal Philippe Petain ’ s puppet capital 
at Vichy. When tee Vichy government 
broke off relations with the United 
States in 1942, he was turned over to the 
Nazis and was interned for 16 months. 

Mr. MacArtenr became chief of the 
State Department's Division of Western 
European Affairs in 1949 and was coun- 
selor of the State Department before 
becoming ambassador to Japan. 

Nguyen Xien, 91, Former Head 
Of Vietnam's Socialist Party 

HANOI (AP) — The former general 
secretary of Vietnam's defunct Socialist 
Party and a decorated war hero, Nguyen 
Xien, 91, has died after a long illness. 

Mr. Xien served as the leader of the 
Socialist Party of Vietnam until it was 
dissolved and absorbed by the Com- 
munist Parly during tee 1980s. 


Compil'd by Ow Stag From Dbpurba 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Prime 
Minister Nawaz Sharif denied having 
shown contempt for the country's ju- 
diciary system Monday as he became 
the first incumbent Pakistani prime min- 
ister to appear in court on a contempt 
charge. He could be removed from of- 
fice if found guilty. 

Mr. Sharif said he had high esteem for 
the country’s judiciary, with which be 
has been at loggerheads for months. 


The prime minis ter sat in court sup- 
ported by his entire cabinet The hearing 
was adjourned until Tuesday. Mr. Sharif 
is unlikely to have to appear in court 
again, aides said. 

The confrontation between his nine- 
month-old government and tee courts 
has do minat ed political life and shaken 
tee confidence of investors in Pakistan. 

The proceedings arose from remarks 
Mr. Sharif matte when tee Supreme 
Court suspended one of his first pieces of 


legislation, which outlawed tee practice 
of legislators changing political sides. 

Mr. Sharif’s statement to the five- 
judge bench said it was his duty to 
express his views on court rulings. It f 
was "unfortunate” if any of his state- fc 
meats was taken as contempt, he said T 

Several hundred supporters of Mr. 
Sharif, who was elected in February, 
rallied outside the Islamabad Supreme 
Court buildings, watched by riot police, 
witnesses said. ( Reuters . AP) 


BRIEFLY 


Thai Majority Is Threatened 

BANGKOK — In a move that will reduce the new 
government's majority in Parliament, two members 
resigned Monday from tee Thai Citizen's Party, 
effectively vacating their parliamentary seats. 

The two were among 12 lawmakers who defied 
their party leader earlier this monte to support the 
Democrat Party leader, Chuan Leekpai, as the new 
prime minister. Mr. Chuan needed the support of 1 97 
votes. With tiie defectors’ support, he held 208. 

The Citizen’s Party has called a meeting of its 
executive beard for Thursday, at which the dissideat 
members may be expelled If all 12 renegades lose 
their seats, Mr. Chuan’s coalition would be left with 
196 seats and tee opposition with 185, pending 
elections to fill the vacancies. (AP) 

Maoist Mine Kills 7 in India 

HYDERABAD, India — Maoist guerrillas in 
southern India killed at least seven policemen and 
wounded six in a land-mine explosion on Monday, 


the fourth such attack in two years, the police said 
Guerrillas of the outlawed People's war Group 
detonated the mine as 14 policemen walked toward a 
village 220 kilometers (135 miles) north of Hy- 
derabad, capital of Andhra Pradesh state, they said 
The People’s War Group is one of dozens forming 
part of India's Maoist Naxnlite movement, named 
after the eastern town of Naxalbari, where the group 
had its roots in the 1960s. (Reuters) 

Taiwan Fugitive Is Killed 

TAIPEI — One of Taiwan’s most-wanted fu- 
gitives died during a shootout here Monday, the 
police reported 

Kao Tien-ming, wanted in the April kidnap- 
murder of a prominent actress’s teenage daughter, 
was shot in the head in Taipei’s Shih Pei district 
during an afternoon shootout involving hundreds of 
policemen. It was not immediately clear whether Mr. 
Kao committed suicide or .was shot by the police. 
The police said they did not find a second fugitive, 
Chin-hsing. The two have been tee targets ol 


Chen 

tee biggest manhunt in Taiwan’s history, 


targets of 
(Reuters) 


Sri Lanka Combat Resumes 

COLOMBO — At least seven Sri Lankan soldiers 
and 20 Tamil Tiger rebels have been killed as the 
military resumed a six-mouth campaign to capture a 
key nonhem highway from the guerrillas, the De- 
fense Ministry said Monday. 

It said in a statement that troops supported by 
planes, tanks and artillery had resumed the third and 
final phase of Operation Jayasikuru (Sure of Vic- 
tory) to seize control of the highway. (Reuters) 

Taleban Graves Are Found 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — The graves of up to 
2,000 Taleban militiamen apparently killed in fight- 
ing with an opposition alliance have been found in 
northern A fghanistan, an Afghan news service said ' 
on Monday. . . 

Afghan Islamic Press quoted the commander of an . 
anti-Taleban alliance. General Abdul Rashid 
Dustam, as saying tee graves were found near 
Shibarghan in tee opposition-held north. (Reuters) 


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BOOKS 


PIECES OF TIME: 

The Life of James Stewart 

By Gary Fishgall. 416 pages. $2750. 
Scribner. 

Reviewed by Dennis Drabelle 

Y OU might as well as hear the dish 
right away. In real life James Stew- 
art was not tee heartland-bred paragon he 
often played in movies. Unmarried till he 
was 41, as a bachelor be had numerous 
affairs, (me of which — with Marlene 
Dietrich, his co-star in "Destry Rides 
Again" — seems to have led to preg- 
nancy and an abortion that he endorsed, if 
not insisted upon. He could be petulant 
and self-righteous about the roles he 
played (though two of his best movies, 
* ‘Vertigo" and * ‘Anatomy of a Murder,' ’ 
are not exactly kiddie fare). And the death 
of his stepson Ron in Vietnam left him 
embittered toward anti-war protesters — 
even though, of course, they were trying 
to save the lives of guys like Ron. 

But that's about it Otherwise, as por- 
trayed in Gary Fishgall ’s fair-minded bi- 
ography, “Pieces of Time.’ ’ Jimmy Stew- 
art really was something of a comfed 
darling. If his performances as, say, Jef- 
ferson Smith (in “Mr. Smith Goes to 
Washington”) and Elwood P. Dowd (in 
“Harvey") seem to fit him glovishly, 
that's because tee man was about as seam- 
less and unaffected as the characters. 

Stewart's early stage career was mid- 
dling, and he was no meteor in Hol- 
lywood, either. MGM, with whom he 
signed, had trouble pigeonholing him, 
unsure whether he was leading-man or 
best-buddy material. In his 1940 Oscar- 
winning performance in “The Phil- 
adelphia Story,’ ' be comes across as abit 
of both. It took a less stratified stndio, 
Columbia, and a strong-willed director, 
Frank Capra, to remove any doubts about 
Stewart’s picture-carrying prowess. 
Capra directed him in three of his sig- 
nature roles — Tony Kirby in “You 
Can’t Take It With You,” Jeff Smith in 
“Mr. Smith Goes to Washington" (bote 
with Columbia) and George Bailey in 
“It’s a Wonderful Life.” 

Fishgall, incidentally, sets the record 
straight on “It’s a Wonderful Life." 
The received irony is that this enor 
mously appealing blend of whimsy 
and despair flopped when it hit the 
screens in 1946. Not so, he says. "Rank- 
ing a respectable 27 among the most 
popular pictures of tee year, it broke 
even or j>erhaps even realized a slight 
profit on its S3 million cost 
In “Wonderful Life" Capra invoked 
Stewart's demons, which were largely 
products of his many flying missions in 
World War IL But it was Alfred Hitch- 
cock who sensed the mania that even tee 
most cosseted small-town American 
psyche can generate in tee right circum- 
stances. They made four films together. 


The greatest of these is “Vertigo," in 
which Stewart suppressed all traces of 
Elwood P. Dowd — not to mention the 
goshes and stammers that litter his more 
mannered characterizations — to deliver 
a nightmarish performance as a lover 
bent on restaging his shattered fantasies. 

Fishgall plainly loves Stewart’s work 
and makes a good case for investigating 
some of his lesser-known movies: “The 
Jackpot,*’ “Shenandoah," "Fools’ 
Parade," "The Cheyenne Social 
Club.’ " Bui Fishgall is not so partisan 
as to bottle up dissent He reports, for 
example, the opinion of Jean Arthur, 
who co-starred in Capra movies with 
bote Stewart and Gary Cooper, tear 
"Stewart is almost too much when he 
acts. I get tired of his *uh, uh . . .’ — his 


cute quality. With Cooper it just seems 
to happen.” 

At its uh-free best though, Stewart's 
acting just seems to happen, too. In fact 
tee comment about his work he resented 
most was teat it probably came easy to * 
him. "People call me a natural-born 
actor, and I get mad,” he said. “I say 
there’s nothing natural about a camera, 
lights, and 40 or 50 people standing 
around watching you all the time. It’s 
hard. And if I give a natural appearance 
on the screen, you can be damn well sure 
I’m working at it” He was right of 
course. 


Dennis Drabelle writes frequently 
about American movies. He wrote this 
for The Washington Post. 


CHESS 


By Robert Byrne 


A GAINST the Sicilian Defense, 3 c3 
xl does not open the game as 3 d4 cd 4 
Nd4 does, but it is not barmless either. 
After 3...Nf6 4 Be2 Nbd7 (4...Ne4? 5 
Qa4) 5 d3 b6 0-0 Bb7 7 Nbd2 g6, Peter 
Svidler ventured a rarely tried gambit 
with S d4!? 

After 11 Ng5, it would bave been weak 
toplay li_Bd57! because 12Bf3 Bf3 13 
QB NfiS (13..J6? 14 Ne6 Qc8 15 QaS! 
QaS 16 Nc7 wins rook fra: knight) 14 
Qc6! Nd7 15 Rel! e6 16 Ne6! fe 17 Re6 
Kf7 18 Qd5 Kg7 19 Bg5 Qb8 20 Rael 
Rg8 21 Re7! Be722 Re7Kh8 23 Qf7 NfB 
24 Bf5 wins. And defense by 12.„c6 is 
crushed by 13 Bd5 ed 14 Qf3 Qfo 15 Qd5 
Rb8 16 Rel Be7 17 Ne4! Qg7 18 Nd6. 

On 14 g4. Garry Kasparov did not 
want to submit to 14.. J3e6 15 Rel 0-0 
17 Re6 fe 18 Ne6 Qc8 19 Nf8 Nf8 20 
Be3 with a two-bishop game for White. 

KASPAROV/BLACK 


But this may have been the best he could 
get. 

His alternative, 14..Ji6 15 gf hg 16 fg 
gave back a pawn, but after 16...a6 17 gf 
Kf7, Svidler could not well go for an- 
other with 18 Bc6? because 18...Qc7! 19 
Qc2 Bd4 20 Khl e6 21 Ba4 Nc5 turns 
the tables. 

After 23.. Jl8h4, Svidler continued to 
ignore the en prise g5 pawn because 24 
Bg5 Bh6 25 Bh6 Rh6 would let Black 
get a grip on the kingside dark squares. 
After 24 Bc2!, with Svidler winding up 
for 25 Bg5, Kasparov tried to make a go 
of it by giving up rook for bishop with 
24... Nh5 25 Bf5 Nf4 26 Bh3 Nh3. But 
on 27 Khl QR5 28 Rg3 Qf5 29 Bg5 Nb5 
30 Rg5 Qh3 3 1 Rg2, he was Josl 

After 34 QeS, Kasparov could have 
dragged things on with 34...Kd6, but 
after 34..JRc4 35 Qd8, tee black king was 
in an awful situation. On 35...QR 36 Rel 
Be5 (or 36-.Kf7 37 Qg8 mate) 37 Qb8» 
there was no point in 37..JCf6 38 Oh8 
Ke6 39 Re5! Qe5 40 Rg6, which 
the black queen. Kasparov gave up 



SICILIAN DEFENSE 




Hi 

i m 


Position after SC. 


White 

Black 

Svidler 

Kasp’ov 

l e4 

C5 

2 Nf3 

<W 

3 c3 

NfB 

4 Be2 

Nbd7 

5 da 

b6 

6 (Ml 

Bb7 

7 Nbd2 

gs 

8 d4 

cd 

9 cd 

Ne4 

10 Ne4 

Be4 

11 NgS 

dS 

12 Bb5 
1313 


14 g4 

U6 

15 gf 

hg 

isfff 

aS 

17 gf 

IS Ia4 

KT7 

Rh5 


Black 

Kasp'ov 

NfB 

Qd6 

RahS 

Rh3 

Rfitvl 

Nb5 

Nfe 

Nh3 


NgS 

Qh3 

BfB 

Rdrt 

Ke6 

Rc4 


{ 


Resigns 

















INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


PAGE' 5 


INTERNATIONAL 


Wei Avoids 
Politics in 
First Words 
After Release 

GmrMtyOrSafFmmOliptxhB 

DETROIT — Wei Jingsheng, The 
newly freed Chinese rtn>nlc«i 

supporters Monday for workin g toward 
his release, and said he would need rest 
and medical treatment before discussing 
his future; ■ 

In a letter issued through the New 
York-based Human Rights ur China and 
-Human Rights Watch/ Asia groups, Mr. 

Wei, 47, made no mention of political 
‘matters. 

“I would like to thank all friends for 
. their concern and support,” he said. “For 
' health reasons* I need to undergo medical 
tests and treatment and rest fora few days 
before 1 can meet with everyone.” 

The two human rights organizations 
said Mr. Wei had been reunited with his 

- sister, Wei Shanshan, and seen his 6- 
~ month -old nephew for the first time. 

China’s foremost dissident, released 
Sunday by Beijing,- was being treated at 
Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit The hos- 
pital reported that -Mr. Wei was in fair 
condition. He was being treated for hy- 
pertension and undergoing evaluation for 
other unverified medical conditions. 

Elsewhere, other dissidents and hu- 
man rights activistsdebated the meaning 
of the Chinese action. 

;• “It’s just another style of contra L,” 
the former labor leader Ha n Dongfang 
' said in Hong Kong. “It’s just a change of 
style. Wei Jingsheng is just a card” 

Mr. Han spent 22 months in prison in 
China for leading an independent trade jail in China for doing no more than 

- iini^rt Hitrinr* fkn 1 QfiQ TianiMitun AviMtfCcinn (hair ui^nc rv*Ui'»>filllv *’ 



DISSIDENT: Prison Did Not Silence Wei 


*■ l> .t i S’*. ?*g:ga£***'ipr V <■', 

- 

x xxv> yy < 

Kt, 

. Amtrow Cuirwn/lV AMrUini 

Wei Shanshan, sister of Wei Jingsheng, arriving Monday in Detroit with her baby to visit the freed dissident. 





to speak your mind or speak your truth in 
China, you have two options: one, stay in 
jail until you die, or two, you have to 
leave your country,” he said. 

Robin Mimro of Human Rights 
Watch/Asia said there were no signs that 
Beijing would review the cases of "sev- 
eral thousand other men and women in 


- union during the 1989 Tiananmen 
Square democracy movement He was 
forced into exile in Hong Kong in 1993. 

Mr. Wei's departure from China was 
’ yet another violation of His human rights, 
* Mr. Hah said. "It means that if you want 


expressing their views peacefully.’ 

But he said Mr. Wei would remain a 
voice of democracy even in exile, just as 
Mr. Han had been a voice for the crushed 
free trade-union movement. 

"He’s a heavyweight figure with a 


tremendous commitment and determi- 
nation,” Mr. Monro said. ' “Although 
he’s been driven out of China, this will 
not be the end of Wei's career as a 
leading advocate for greater freedom 
and human rights in China.” 

Mr. Han branded Mr. Wei’s release a 
singular case and a trade-off between 
Washington and Beijing. It does not mean 
China is abandoning its policy of re- 

g ression, he said, adding that he believed 
eijing would probably pack more dis- 
sidents off into exile in the weeks ahead 
"I think in the coming weeks they're 
going to release more dissidents to for- 


DRUGS: Informer’s Arrest and Torture Strain U.S.-Pakistan Ties 


Continued from Page 1 

itary officer to commit a crime. 

With Madeleine Albright’s arrival in 
Islamabad late Monday for the first visit 
by an American secretary of state in al- 
most a decade, the case of Mr. Baluch has 

become the Source of new rec rimina tions 

in the difficult relationship between die 
two countries. Amen can officials say it 
has seriously damaged cooperative ef- 
forts to tight drug trafficking and raised 
doubts about die authority of Prime Min- 
ister Nawaz Sharif over die military. 

"This was direct retaliation for their 
embarrassment at the revelation of cor- 
ruption by a senior Pakistani officer.” a 
Clinton administration official said. 
"There are questions here about human 
rights; there are questions about cor- 
ruption, and there are questions about 
whether the government is doing any- 
thing to fight drug trafficking.” 

A spokesman for. the Pakistani Em- 
bassy in Washington, Mohammad 
Azam, denied that Mr. Baluch had been 
mistreated or misjudged. He said his gov- 
ernment had shown its resolve by pro- 
secuting one of die two air force officers 
implicated in the case, andhe insisted that 
it was the American drug-enforcement 
•agency that had stepped out of line. 


"Our government is not protecting 
any corrupt people,” Mr. Azam said. 
"The sting operation itself was criminal 
under Pakistani law.” 

U.S. officials said they had been press- 
ing quietly for months for Mr. Baluch 's 
freedom, raising the matter with Mr. 
Sharif, with senior military officers, and 
with the Pakistani foreign minister. Go- 
har Ayub Khan. On almost every oc- 
casion. they added, they have been as- 
sured that the matter would be resolved. 

"Commitments have been made at 
every level that something would be 
done about this.” a senior official said. 

The anger of many American officials 
has been tempered by concern among 
others that stronger pressure over the case 
might worsen the antagonism of Pakistani 
nationalists. The fate of one man. afew of 
these officials said, should not be allowed 
to jeopardize efforts to contain Pakistan’s 
nuclear-weapons program or limit its sup- 
port for die fundamentalist Islamic gov- 
ernment in neighboring Afghanistan. 

But an official who once worked 
closely with Mr. Baluch answered this 
argument tersely: "The United Stales,” 
he said, “owes this man a lot” 

The Clinton administration has refused 
in each of the last three years to certify 
Pakistan's cooperation in anti-drug pro- 


grams while waiving the sanctions that 
are usually imposed after such a finding. 

But American officials acknowledge 
now that they underestimated the sens- 
itivities of die Pakistani military when 
they recruited Mr. Batuch to help them 
trap Qasim Bhatti, a young squadron lead- 
er ui the country's prestigious air force. 

According to officials familiar with 
the case, Mr. Bhatti first came to the 
Drug Enforcement Administration's at- 
tention in October 1996, after he flew a 


Pakistan Air Force Boeing 707 to Dover 
Air Force Base in Delaware to pick up . must be hoped that the same is true of his 


eign countries,” Mr. Han said. "For 
example, Wang Dan. This is a deal be- 
tween the United States and China.” 

"It was a plan before President Jiang 
Zemin's visit to the United States.” he 
said, adding, "This case has nothing to 
do with the future of human rights and 
political policy in China.” 

Wang Dan is now the best-known 
dissident in Chinese prisons. A leader of 
the 1989 student-led pro-democracy 
demonstrations crushed by the army, the 
28-year-old was given an 11 -year sen- 
tence in 1996 on charges of plotting to 
topple the Communist government. 

But Mr. Wang's mother said there 
was little hope that her son would be 
released any time soon. 

"They are not going to release them 
all at once.” Wang Lingyun said. 
“There was never much hope of his 
early release in the first place. 1 

Hong Kong newspapers, prone to 
self-censorship since China took over 
here on July 1, splashed Mr. Wei's story 
all over their front pages. 

The South China Morning Post, the 
leading English-language daily, devoted 
most of its front page and two entire 
inside pages, as well as a long editorial, 
to Mr. Wei. "Wei Jingsheng took on a 
significance outside China which went 
beyond the status of an individual. It 


ENVOY: Call for U.S.-Malaysian Harmony 


Continued from Page ] 

Malaysian Muslim Martyrs’ Movement, 
a previously, unknown groap. 

The caller spoke in English with what 
embassy officials thought was a Malay- 
sian accent, the ambassador said. 

"Let's say I took itpersonally since in 
any country, the United States ambas- 
sador is always the first target of a ter- 
rorist,” he said. "So I took it rather 
personally.” 

Mr. Malott said security had been 
tightened for the visit of the U.S. deputy 
assistant secretary for energy, sanctions 
and commodities. William Ramsay, 
who was due in Kuala Lumpur on Wed- 
nesday. Mr. Ramsay’s visit, to explain a 
U.S. law that threatens sanctions on cer- 
tain companies doing business in Iran, 


has prompted outrage in Malaysia. 

Washington has listed Malaysia's 
state oil and gas company, Petronas. as 
one of the three companies that might be 
subject to die U.S. law for a S2 billion 
joint gas deal m Iran. 

Mr. Mahathir added Monday to crit- 
icism of the Western press, accusing it of 
bias against developing countries. 

Opening an international conference 
of Chinese-language newspapers. Mr. 
Mahathir said the “foreign press” 
would not hesitate to play up anything 
negative about the country, while ig- 
noring anything that was good. 

"We have to assume that if their report 
about us is wrong, inaccurate and 
biased.” he said, "then their reports about 
other countries are also wrong, inaccurate 
and biased. ’ ’ (Reuters. .AFP. APj 


spare aircraft parts. 

At a party or Pakistani 6migr6s in New 
York during, his stay,. Mr. Bhatti met a 
Pakistani informant for the agency. The 
pilot confided that he had brought a 
cache of heroin with him,, and said he 
could bring more on his next trip. . 

A couple of weeks later, Mr. Bhatri's 
cousin, Tahir Bhatti, sold a kilogram of 
heroin to an undercover drug-enforce- 
ment agent in Chicago, officials said. 
Then, after Qasim Bhatti insisted that he 
would need some money up front to 
secure his next load, drug agents sent 
Mr. Baluch to the Marriott Hotel in 
Islamabad with $5 ,000. 

American drug agents videotaped the 
meeting but said nothing to their Pakistani 
counterparts. Ultimately, Qasim Bhatti 
was not allowed by his superiors to return 
to the United States because he had been 
caught shoplifting from a post exchange 
on the Dover base. But he sent another air 
force pilot, Farooq Ahmed Khan, who 
was arrested after he brought about 4 
pounds (1.8 kilograms) of heroin to an 
undercover agent at a McDonald's near 
Penn Station in Manhattan.- 

After American officials notified the 
Pakistan Anti-Narcotics Force, Mr. 
Bhatti was arrested outside Islamabad. 
Days later, Mr. Baluch was dragged 
from his home by officers of the Inter- 
Services Intelligence Directorate. 

American officials said they under- 
stood that Pakistan’s military code made 
it illegal to induce an officer to commit a 
crime. “We just have a problem with 
how they have interpreted this,” an of- 
ficial said, adding that Mr. Bhatti 
"brought heroin into the United States 
before we ever even knew who he was: 
that fact seems to have been lost ' ’ 


release," it said. 


(AFP. Reuters] 


Continued from Page 1 

trying to "foment revolution.” 

Unlike many people of his generation 
who later complained that their lives 
were ruined by lost years of education, 
Mr. Wei contended that he learned far 
more from the upheaval than he ever 
would have in schooL 

“I still feel that whatever the turmoil 
may have cost my generation in formal 
schooling, we made up for it in ex- 
perience,” Mr. Wei wrote in his short 
autobiography. 

“Those chaotic- years forced people to 
abandon the superstitions and prejudice 
that had dominated their minds for so 
long and made them begin to scrutinize 
their own attitudes and beliefs. People 
started looking at the world objectively 
— something that had been impossible 
under ordinary circumstances?. ” 

As he was re-evaluating .his own at- 
titudes, and trying to see the world ob- 
jectively, his travels brought him face- 
to-face with the reality of China, a nation 
dominated by poverty. The more he saw, 
the more Mr. Wei began to think that the 
Communist Party was a greater force in 
creating poverty than in alleviating it. 

In his autobiography, he described a 
pivotal memory from his youth that 
came on a train ride where, as the train 
polled into a station, hordes of young 
children begging for food approached. 

Mr. Wei was shocked to see teen-aged 
girls in rags, and some with no clothing 
at ail, but covered only with mud and 
soot. Ignoring objections from fellow 
passengers, who argued that beggars 
must be class enemies or their children, 
he insisted on handing his biscuits out 
the window to the children. 

"As I distributed them to the out- 
stretched hands, 1 noticed that passen- 
gers at other windows were now briskly 
passing out all kinds of food to the 
beggars as well,” Mr. Wei wrote, dis- 
covering the power of setting an ex- 
ample. 

It took years before he had achance to 
try to put that into action. 

After serving three years in the 
People's Liberation Army and as an 
electrician at the Beijing Zoo, Mr. Wei 
joined the crowds of young people 
around Beijing's Democracy Wall, 
which for a few months in 1979 became 
a vibrant forum for political discussion. 

He seemed to ignite a flame when he 
posted a long essay, called "The Fifth 
Modernization: Democracy.” 

Arguing that China would never be 
able to modernize folly without political 
as well as economic reform, Mr. Wei 
used language that was so simple and 
direct that it inspired countless posters. 
Then, like a handful of other activists, he 
started a magazine, "Explorations,” 
hoping to reach a larger audience. 

China's senior leader, Deng Xiaop- 
ing, allowed the Democracy Wall to 
flourish for several months to voice dis- 


content with China’s authoritarian sys- 
tem of government, but once it hau 
helped him edge aside rivals for power, 
he ordered it closed. 

In March 1979, as rumors swepttne 
dissident crowd that a crackdown might 
be coming, Mr. Wei was characterist- 
ically defiant, writing a wall poster that 
accused Mr. Deng by name of being a 
dictator — an action that many believe 
earned him the personal enmity^ of the 
leader. Arrested within weeks, Mr. W-ei 
was sentenced later that year to 15 years 
in prison. 

For the next 141* years, he was- a 
prisoner of China’s labor camps, spend- 
ing long periods of his sentence in sol- 
itary confinement His fiancee, a Tibetan 
name d Ping Ni, agreed to end their en- 
gagement 

Despite the abysmal conditions m re- 
mote camps such as the Tanggemu Farm 
in western Qinghai province, Mr. Wei 
kept up a steady stream of protest lenere 
to Chinese leaders. The letters were pub- 
lished in the book, "The Courage to 
Stand Alone: Letters from Prison and 
Other Writings” (Viking, 1997). 

In 1989, after the crushing of student- 
led protests in Ti ananm en Square, Mr. 
Wei wrote to Mr. Deng, calling him 
“precisely the idiot to do something 
foolish like ihis.” 

In 1993, as Beijing campaigned for 
the 2000 Olympic Games, China’s lead- 
ers decided to release Mr. Wei six 
months before the end of his term. 

Once out, he ignored warnings not to 
meet foreign reporters or to write about 
political issues. 

In March 1994, Mr. Wei agreed to 
meet John Shatiuck, the U.S. assistant 
secretary of state for human rights, a 
move that inforiated the authorities. Mr. 
Wei was taken into custody again soon 
afterward. 

In November 1995, he was tried on 
charges of attempting to overthrow the 
Chinese government. He was found 
guilty and sentenced to 14 years. 

Beijing's common wisdom had it that 
Mr. Wei would never be released as long 
as Mr. Deng was alive. Many recalled 
what Mr. Deng said in 1986 with regard 
to the outside world’s response to polit- 
ical conditions in China: 

"We put Wei Jingsheng behind bars, 
didn't we? Did that damage China’s 
reputation? We haven’t released him, 
but China’s image has not been tar- 
nished. In fact, our reputation improves 
day by day.” 

Yet after Mr. Deng died last February, 
talk inevitably began about whether and 
when Mr. Wei might be freed. 

It is a small irony of history that Mr. 
Wei was released within weeks of Pres- 
ident Jiang Zemin’s trip to the United 
States. Mr. Wei was jailed for the first 
time in March 1979 just after a trip by 
Mr. Deng to the United States, the last 
state visit by a top Chinese leader to the 
United States before Mr. Jiang’s. 



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EAGE 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


i . . 

Nigerian Ruler Frees 
Some Political Prisoners 


1 

i 

} The Associated Press 

( ABUJA, Nigeria — Nigeria's mil- 
pry ruler dissolved his cabinet Monday 
ffld granted amnesty for some political 
prisoners in a speech to mark the fourth 
anniversary of his seizure of power. 

• The military ruler, General Sani 
Abacha, spealdng in an early-morning 
jjadio and television address, said his 
government had decided to free “those 
detained persons whose release would 
Constitute no further impediment to die 
peace and security of the country.*' 

■ But General Abacha, whose govern- 
ment has been accused of holding hun- 
dreds of political prisoners, did not say 
Which detainees — or how many — 
would be freed. 

■ He did not mention Nigeria's besr- 
$nown prisoner, Moshood Abiola, the 

j 5 Die in Tower Collapse 
In Spanish North Africa 

) Reuters 

; MADRID — Six people were killed 
and 30 were injured Monday when a 
Water tower collapsed in the Spanish 
enclave of Melilla in north Africa, the 
police said. 

w Spanish state radio cited government 
•sources as saying the number of dead 
&rald rise as high as 12. 

~ “The official death toll has risen to 
six, and 30 people have been repotted 
injured, ” said a Melilla police spokes- 
woman. “We haven't ruled out the pos- 
sibility of rinding other victims.’’ 

£ The tower, which stood above the city 
of 65,000, collapsed without warning, 
Sending a torrent of water that flooded 
gomes and streets. 

» Melilla is a wnail Spanish-ruled ter- 
ritory on the coast of Morocco. 


businessman who was the presumed 
winner of aborted elections in 1993. 

General Abacha also said he was dis- 
solving his cabinet, noting that anumber 
of officials had indicated that they 
wanted to play larger roles in Nigeria's 
political transition. 

Saying Nigeria was about to “em- 
bark on the final lap of the tenure of this 
adminis tration ,** General Abacha said 
his move followed indications from 
ministers that they wanted to “fully 
participate in the political process.” 

A couple of General Abacha’s min- 
isters, have said they may campaign for 
state governorships, and others have 
said they want to get involved in other 
candidates’ elections. 

The cabinet, composed of soldiers' 
and civilians, was established in 1995. 

It has become an unruly group in 
recent months, with ministers publicly 
lashing out at one another in tire press. 
Information Minister Walter Ofonagoro 
may have angered General Abacha re- 
cently by saying that the general was 
ineligible to run in next year’s pres- 
idential elections — at least for tire time 
being — because he is not a member of 
any political party. 

Genera] Abacha has promised to hold 
elections next year and hand overpower 
to a civ ilian government on Ocl 1, 
1998. Pro-democracy groups, however, 
say he will most likely orchestrate the 
election to ensure he remains in power 
indefinitely. 

The general seized power in a 
November 1993 coup after aborted 
presidential elections. He originally 
promised to return Nigeria to civilian 
rule by 1996 but has repeatedly delayed 
the handover. 

He became an mtanatiooalpaimb for 
approving the November 1995 execu- 
tion of the playwright Ken Saro-Wiwa 
and eight other political opponents. 


BRIEFLY 


Botha fines to Defy 1 Mexican Guerrillas 
Truth Commission Extend Their Reach 


EAST LONDON, South Afiica — 
Pieter Botha, the former South African 
president, has vowed to defy an order to 
testify about state-sponsored human- 
rights abuses committed while he was 


in office, an official said Monday. 
John Allen, a spokesman for 


the 


Truth and Reconciliation Commission 
that is investigating apartheid-eta 
crimes, said the panel received a letter 
over die weekend from Mr. Botha's 
lawyer. Mr. Allen said Mr. Botha had 
promised to provide written answers 
*‘by the end of the month” to the 
commission’s questions. 

In an article Sunday, tire weekly 
newspaper Rapport quoted Mr. Botha 
as describing the commission as “a 
circus” and saying he would ignore 
the subpoena. 

‘Take me to court if you want to 
charge me. I don’t appear m circuses,” 
he said. Mr. Botha was prime minister 
and then president from L978 to 
1989. (AFP) 

Flooding Wbrsens 
In South Somalia 

MOGADISHU, Somalia — Waters 
from the rain-swollen Juba and 
Shabelle rivers have merged to form 
an inland lake covering thousands of 
hectares in southern Somalia. 

Maria Frauenrath, a spokeswoman 
for the United Nations' humanitarian 
affairs office in Nairobi, said about 
2^00 people were stranded on a dike 
near the pert of Kismayo, where tire 
Juba flows into the Indian Ocean. 

She said at least 1,100 people had 
died since the flooding began a month 
ago, and 220,000 others had been 
forced to flee their homes. (AP) 


MEXICO CITY — Guerrillas of the 
Popular Revolutionary Army operated 
in 17 of Mexico’s 31 states in 1996, 
killing 26 soldiers and police officers, 
an army report says. 

The report appears to contradict the 
government’s official stance, that -the 
group, known by it Spanish initials 
EPR, is a small and isolated band of 

hit-and-run guer rillas . 

The rebels have extended their web 
of safe houses and propaganda net- 
works far beyond the southern states 
where they first appeared in June 1996, 
according to parts of the report pub- 
lished by the newsmagazine Prixeso; 

The rebels have extended opera- 
tions into central Mexico, the Gulf 
coast and at least two northern border 
states, the Defense Secretariat doc- 
ument said. ■ (AP) 

Protesters Arrested 
At Fort Henning 

FORT BENNINGt Georgia — Six 
hundred protesters were arrested for 
trespassing when they tried to deliver 
petitions calling for the closure of the 
U.S. Army's School of the Americas. 

About 2,000 demonstrators crowd- 
ed outside Fort Beoning on Sunday for 
three hours of speeches and prayers 
before many of them defied police 
orders and filed onto tire post. 

“We are never going to stop until we 
close tire School of the Americas,’’ said 
the Reverend Roy Bourgeois, founder 
of S.OjA Watch, who was arrested. . 

The school was created in Panama 
in 1946 to train soldiers in U.S. mil- 
itary tactics in an effort to profes- 
sionalize Latin American armies. It 
moved to Fort Beaming in 1984. 



Eugene de Kock, who has told 
-South Africa’sTruth Commission 
of attacks on anti-apartheid ac- 
tivists by his covert police squad. 

Human-rights groups haveoitkrized 
the. school because some graduates re-, 
turned to their countries and launched 
coups and organized death squads. 

The march ended a four-day vigil 
marking the eighth anniversary of .the 
Nov. 16. 1989. slaying of six Jesuit 
priests and two women in El Salvador 
Protesters said 19 of the 26 military 
officers cited in the killings attended 
the School of (he Americas. (AP) 

Mercy in Riyadh 

RIYADH — The brother of a slain 
Australian nurse has waived his right 
in a Saudi court to call for the death 
sentence against the British nurse ac- 
cused of trillin g her, his lawyers said 
Monday. 

Frank Gilford agreed to spare the 
Deborah Pany’s life in exchange for a 
$1.2 million payment- Ms. Parry and 
Lucille McLauchlan have been on trial 
since May for Yvonne Gilford's 
murder. Ms. McLauchlan was found 
guilty of being an accessory and was 
sentenced to 500 lashes and eight 
years in jaiL Ms. Parry’s sentence has 
yet to be announced. (AFP) 




Phone Links 

■■ Agtnee FraacePresse 

NICOSIA, Cyprus — The United 
States ! has brokered an agreement to 
make 'it, easier for Greek' and Turkish 
Cypriote to. telephone each other, the 
Uwted'Nations.said Monday. 

Twenty direct .phone lines are.fobe 
opened between the divided islands 
Greek' and Turkish sectors, said the 
Spokesman for- tire UN peacekeeping 
force, WalddmarRokoszewski. 

'He jSaid President Glavkos -Klerides 

or Cyprus and Rauf Denktasb, the Turk- 

ish-Cypriot leader,- had agreed on the 
new phone lines during a visit last week 
by Richard Holbrooke, the U.S. pres- . 
idential envoy to Cyprus. f 

The only lines of communication be- 
tween the island’s Greek and Turkish 
sectors' afe' tiiree phone lines run by a 
pN . operator. . With a .capacity of just 
60;(K)0 calls a year, they are constantly 
jammed. _ 

The new lines will have a capacity of 
about a million calls a year and will have 
tire .potential , fiir expansion if neces- 
sary. : 

The agreement ’to open the lines was 
brokered.by.Mr. Holbrooke last week at 

a meeting in Brussels of Greek-Cypriot 
and TuriosfcCypfiot businessmen. 

Constantines Lordos, a former mem- 
ber. of Parliament who has far years 
campaigned for entrepreneurs on both 
sides to- establish , ties,/ described the g 
move Monday as a “quantum leap." . T 
“This is a fantastic scheme. 1 ’ he said, 
“tire most important outcome of the 
Brussels meeting.’ ’ ... * \ r 
■ The idea was originally proposed by 
the UN representative in Cyprus, Gnst- 
aveFeissel ButiLtpokMr- Holbrooke’s 
' intervention to win acceptance from the 
twacomraunities'.leadas. 


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CONQUEST 



By the Kennedy Myth 


By John Kifner 

New York Times Service 


government reports in a single glance; 
ire stodgy Eisenbo 


NEW YORK — Just what is it about the 
Kennedys, anyway? 

Why is it that 34 years after a presidency 
that lasted only a brief, shining moment, 
Americans are still fascinated, even obsessed, 
with the dashing young John F. Kennedy? , 

Arid not only with him, but with a dynasty, 
that increasingly, perhaps, fittingly, seems 
ready jo be spelled our as . the tide of a 
television soap opera.?. 

■ The question is called to mind not only by 
the coming anniversary of the Kennedy as- 
sassination on Nov. 22, 1963, but also by the 
attention focused on two very different books 
just published on the Kennedy presidency. ' 

One, “The Kennedy Tapes” (Belknap/ 
Harvard University), based on the secret tapes 
of Mr. Kennedy’s inner councils and edited 
by Ernest R. May and Philip Zelikow, 
presents the president coolly steering his 'way 
through the Cuban missile crisis. The-other is 
Seymour Hersh’s “Dark Side of Caraelot” 
(Little,' Brown), portraying Mr. Kennedy as a 
duplicitous libertine who shuttled prostitutes 
in and out of hotel rooms and the White House 
and sent one bedmate off with suitcases of 
payoff money for a Chicago gangster. 

The Kennedy Library lists some 500 books 
about Mr. Kennedy and his family and an- 
other 500 on the assassination. Jacqueline 
Bouvier Kennedy Onassis' belongings, in- 
formally valued at under $6 million, brought 
$34 3 million at auction. The novelist James 
Ellroy’s breakthrough was “American Tab- 
loid" (Alfred A. Knopf. 1995), in which a 
JFK was embroiled with gangsters, the CIA 
and assorted females. 

Few can be found who have discovered an 
idea in the alleged political magazine George, 
the brainchild of John F. Kennedy Jr., but it 
threw the party at both the Republican and 
Democratic conventions and the world knew 
when its publisher took off his shirt 

The periodic Gallup poll of whom Amer- 
icans consider their greatest president found 
Mr. Kennedy way ahead in 1975 with 52 
percent. After a period of debunking, he still 
led in 1985 with 24 percent By 199J, Ab- 
raham Lincoln managed to edge him out, 40 
percent to 39 percent, but his percentage bad 
actually increased in the meantime. 

“There’s a tremendous difference in how 
Kennedy is viewed by historians and the 
public,” said Michael Beschloss, who like 
many scholars believes that little was actually 
accomplished during Mr. Kennedy's abbre- 
viated tom. “It should make historians mod- 
est” 

- Asked why the Kennedy name remains so 
resonant the authors of the two very dis- 
similar books gave strikingly, similar an- 
swers. 

“It is certainly in part just the style,’.’ said 
Mr. May, the Charles Warren Professor of 
American History at Harvard, from which Mr. 
Kennedy drew both advisers and arrogance. 
“It was very appealing, it remains appealing. 
Even people who don t respond to the words 

— die Cold War rhetoric — still respond, to 
the cool manner, the elegance of it”- 

Mr. Hersh, the irascible investigative, re- 
porter,. was characteristically blunt; a : 
simple phrase, it’s the power of beaaty..Jack 
Kennedy was beautiful. He is remembered 'for 
his beauty. We yearn for something so .beau- I 
tiful.” 

The 1960s wore the dawning of the Age not 
of Aquarius, but of Celebrity. Norman Mailer 
hit on it early, calling the 1960 candidate “a 
great box office actor.” He and television 
came to power simultaneously and symbi- 
otically; the sweaty, jowly, five-o 'clock- 
shadowed Richard Nixon was pulverized.-. 
Television, too, drew the country together at 
tite spectacle of Mr. Kennedy's death. ' 

■ In between, a captivated (some might say 
captive) press corps pitched in to enthusi- 
astically limn the mythology; gloss and class; 
Pablo Casals in the White House; an in* 
tellectual, speed-reading president devouring 


entire _ 

no more stodgy Eisenhowers. In retrospect, it 
is perhaps not so surprising that the pres- 
ident's actual favorite reading for relaxation 
was Ian Fleming's thrillers about James 
Bon^ tiie debonair, womanizing, rule-break- 
ing Cold Warrior. 

“He was a celebrity,” said Allen J. 
.Matusow,, author of.. "The-. Unraveling of 
America” .(Harper & Row,- -1984), a 

Tf there was evei a Subject in 
American politics worthy of 
Shakespeare, this is 

history Of the crisis and failure of. American 
liberalism: Under- Presidents Kennedy and 
Lyndon B. Johnson. “He was'rich, lie was 
handsome, be, was show business, he was a 
television president It seemed the fulfillment 
of the possibility of youth. ” 

. In truth it. was a critical, and exciting junc- 
tion in American history. The much-ma- 
ligned Eisenhower '50s had actually brought 
the nation to what the founding statement of 
the radical Students for a Democratic Society 
would describe as ‘ ‘unparalleled wealth ' ’ and 
boundless opportunity !■ 

The Cold War was at full tifuthe civil rights 
movement was in optihristic. infancy — the 
bitter schisms of Vietnam, and of urban riots 
were still ahead. ’ 

. “Especially in the 1990s, presidents and 
our politics seem emptier, less consequential 
than 30 years ago,” ! said Mr. Beschloss; 
whose “Taking, . CTharge” ' (Simon & 
Schuster), bdnceFUs t&e jphnspn White House 
topes. “l^eny^e^were.dieaJLLdg: with the Cold 
War, whether there would be a nuclear warj 
whether African- Americans would get civil 
rights. These were great questions for Amer- 
ica. Now' it’s about ‘fast-track.’ ” 

Crucial to the lingering myth is the as-; 
sassination. “If there was ever a subject in 
American politics that would be worthy of 
Shakespeare, this is it." Mr. Matusow said. ‘ 
Arthur Schlesinger Jr., the historian and 
keeper of the Kennedy flame, said, “What 
might have been a brilliant career was cut off ip 
midstream. There is always the question of 
what might have been.” ; 

That unanswered question, said the put^ 
lisher of The Nation, Victor Navasky, whose 
“Kennedy Justice” (Scribner, 1971) was ah 
early criticism of the administration, ‘‘means 
the myth is more about us than it is about 
them." - 


BfiSiwmuL 

MIEn 

' Appears every Friday - . 
V in The IntermariteL ' 
To advertise contact 
Nina NieU ; 

. In oiir London officer 
TeT.’: + 44-1-71 420 0325 • 
Fax: + 44 171420.0338; 

or your nearest Jff£ office 

; orrepreseatitiV-. 



tuk wohuvs nXifcv NEWSPAPER 










,• K . 

m . Xi , th 

i'll, N 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 

EUROPE 


PAGE 7 


^ Leftist Mayors Win Easily in Italy 

Victories in Rome, Naples and Venice Are Seen as Backing for Prodi 


By Celestine Bohlen 

Afew Voi* Thug Service 

ROME — Leftist mayors 
in Rome, Naples and Venice 
won overwhelming victories 
in municipal elections, deliv- 
ering a big boost for Prime 
Minister - Romano Prodi *s 
cenner-left government, par- 
tial results showed Monday. 


The incumbents in three of 
Italy ’s biggest ones easily 
brushed aside challenges 
from an enfeebled cento-- 
light opposition, avoiding 
nin-off elections. 

The victories of the three 
mayors — Francesco Rntelli 
of Rome, Antonio Bassolino 
of Naples and Massimo Cac- 
ciari of Venice — ■ were 


widely interacted as an en- 
dorsement of Mr. Prodi’ s 18- 
montfc-okl coalition govern- 
ment, which includes Italy’s 
major kftist party. 

Partial results showed Mr. 
RnteBi with 60.4 percent of 
the. vote, Mr. Cacciari in 
Venice , with 64.7 percent and 
Mr. BasSolini; with 73 .4 per- 
cent in Naples. 


The Spy Who Can’t Go Home 

Polish Agent for U.S. Is at Center of Cold War Conclave 






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' By lane Periez 

▼ New Part Times Service 

‘ WARSAW — Colonel 
Ryszard. Kuklinski may g 0 
down in Cold War history as 
one of the United States’ most 
valuable spies. 

• For nine years, he gave the 
CIA top-secret documents 
that detailed the inner work- 
ings of the Polish Army and 
the Warsaw Pact, until on a 
bold November night in 1981. 
he left his post on the Polish 
general staff and was bundled 
onto a plane to America. The 
Polish authorities were on his 
tail, and Poland’s Communist 
’■ government was about to 
crush the Solidarity move- 
ment with martial law. 

But even though the 
Warsaw Pact is no more, the 
Communists are out of power 
and Poland is seeking admis- 
sion to its former adversary, 
NATO, Mr. Kuklinski may 
be a Cold War hero without 
honor, a spy first and last 

At a secluded conclave 
here last week where em- 
bittered Soviet-era generals, 
triumphant U.S. policy- 
makers and Polish resisters 
faced each other for the first 
time since they tried to outfox 
each in the early '80s, his was 
the key missing voice, and he 
/ might well have been upset at 
what was said about him. 

By those he served, his in- 
telligence had been ignored at 
a key moment; to those he 
aided in Poland, his treason 
therefore still seemed futile; 
to those he betrayed, he re- 
mained an enemy. 

Mr. Kuklinski, who lives in 
the : Unked-Seates under 4n - 
assuined name, was invited to 1 

izers, the -Cold Warlnteraa- 
tio nal History Project and the 
National Security Archive, 
both of Washington. He de- 
clined, saying he was nervous 
‘ about how be would be re- 
ceived, and indeed. Marshal 
Victor Kulikov, the former 
Warsaw Pact head who at age 
75 wore his military uniform 
With Communist-era decora- 
tions, bellowed die Soviet 


stream politicians, wanted to . 
know why the United States 
had not used Mr. KuhjmskTs 
information in 1981 to warn 
them of im pending imutiai 
law. 

Many resistance leaders 
were interned unnecessarily, 
they said. 

But Mr. Kuklinski' s 
secrets were so closely held in 
1981* Professor Richard 
Pipes told the conference, that 
only a handful of people in the 
Reagan administration knew 
about them. Even as the Na- 
tional Security Coandl’s ex- 
pat on- Russian and Eastern 
European affairs at the time, 
he said, he was shown only 
one Knlclinslri cable in 
September 1981. And from 
then until the imporition of 
martial law in December, 
there was a leadership vacu- 
um in the National Security 
Council. 

Even after communism 
collapsed in 1989, Mr. Kuk- 
linski was considered a traitor 
by many in Poland. Astoun- 
ded by the loss of such valu- 
able information to the en- 
emy, the Polish Communists 
tried him in absentia in 1984. 
He was found guilty of treas- 
on and sentenced to death. 

When the Communists 
were swept out, the new Soli- 
darity government reduced 
the sentence to 25 years but 
declined to forgive him. And 
for many Poles, even those 
stridently anti-Communist, 
he remains, an equivocal fig- 
ure. After all, they argue, 
even if be was trying to pre- 
vent a Soviet invasion, he 
gave secrets to an enemy. As 
recently as two years ago 1 , sur- 
veys showed that only 16pcr- 

rgpt.nERnlftg favored ft foil I 


■ ‘Tins so-called patriot, 
» whom I call a treacherous 
T spy, who gave all our military 
plans to tire enemy.” 

The Polish resisters, many 
now among Poland’s main- 


paraqa. *i, * * 

For his part, Mr. Kuklinski 
has . emphasized how he 
“gave” secrets. He was not 
actively recruited and was 
never paid by the United 
Stales, be says. 

The ay’s salvation has 
been Poland's hunger for 
membership m the North At- 
lantic Treaty Organization. It 
made IMe'sease, from Wash- 
ington’s point of view, to 
have a Polish military officer 
who had incalculably helped 
the United States remain a 
traitor in Po land, hi Septem- 
ber, after intense diplomatic 
maneuvering, a Polish gov- 


4 Frenchmen Freed in Chechnya 

PARIS — Four Frenchmen held since early August in 
the secessionist Russian republic of Chechnya have been 
freed, “safe and sound,” the Frerjch Foreign Ministry 
announced Monday, crediting Russian authorities for the 

release. . . ‘ . . 

The men, who worked for a hu m a n i t a ri an organization, 
were currently in the care of the French Embassy in 
Moscow, awaiting their return home, said Anne Gazeau- 
Secret, a'ministry spokeswoman. 

Laurent Moles. Regis Greve-Viallon, Andy Chevalier 
and Pascal Porcberon, who work for the Lyon-based 

■ ■ T7 IT mata ViH n aTWtf H Mirtv Ana 1 hv 


they were held. 

2 Basque Reporters Go on Trial 

MADJFQD — A prosecutor will seek 39-year prison 

alleg^ < Siried 

fbUowed the bombing of a textile factory, m the Basque 

belonging ^ suspected of planting tire 

Papon Will Be Hospitalized 

V to about 10 dtp. the. 

J “ n ^’ eSmiMd announced Monday. 

toMr^lSr. immediately soughla iw 

' “' heP “ af 

tire defense. _ jean-Marc Varaut, tolddrecourt, 

Thedefense attorney, of flu* man who, m 

•‘I beg you to b^f “ eoncenu the truth. 

^^ th 0 I^th^«h=™±.”'n«jt'dgo thonged 

todebberate the innaer- 


eminent composed of former 
Communis tsnnaliy pardoned 
Mr.- Kuklinski. 

- Zbigniew Brzezinsld, tire 
national security adviserm tire 
Carter White House and one 
of the Cold War victors here 
last week, considers Mr. Kak- 
Imskran authentic hero. He is 
trying to persuade him, he 
said,lo return to Poland next 
month, to accept an honor be- 
ing^affcred by tire fathers of 
tire southern city of Krakow; 


There are no run-off elec- 
tions in places where candi- 
dates win mare than 50 per- 
cent outright. Even if some 
smaller ernes elect or re-elect 
rightist mayors, Italy's cen- 
ter-right opposition is likely 
to go through a period of self- 
examination, which many 
observers think could lead to 
a. challenge to tbe leadership 
of tire media magnate Silvio 
Berlusconi. 

. Because of political re- 
forms adopted in 1993, these 
elections were also a baro- 
meter of the popularity of the 
mayors themselves, and of 
the record of their four years 
in office. Until 1993, Italians 
voted in municipal elections 
for political parties, rather 
than individual candidates. 

Now, with tbe mayors 
more accountable and their 
mandates more predictable, 
municipal governments have 
become more ambitious, and 
more visible. In Rome, Mr. 
Rotelli, an envir onmentalis t, 
has brought order to chaotic 
parking, improved public 
transit and beautified some of 
the city’s squares. 


MS. 


bn Ualrfv-SRmvo 

Wardens standing in the restored St George’s Hall. 


Rooms Reopened 
At Windsor Castle 


Reuters 

WINDSOR, England — Queen Elizabeth II opened state 
apartments at Windsor Castle on Monday that had been 
lavishly restored since a fire five years ago. 

The £37 million ($62 million) project to return the ruined 
part of the castle to its original condition was completed six 
months ahead of schedule, in time for the celebration this 
week' of the queen’s 50th wedding anniversary. 

The restoration coincided with efforts by Buckingham 
Palace to show that the royal family was adapting and 
modernizing after having been accused of failing to match 
the national mood of grief over tbe death this summer of 
Diana, Princess of Wales. 

A former royal insider said in a television documentary 
shown Monday that the process of reforming the monarchy 
had been accelerated by the lessons learned from Diana's 
death in a car crash in Paris in August. 

Simon Gimson. until two weeks ago the head of the 
Palace Policy Unit, said of the monarchy’s modernization: 
“I think that the real lesson is that the organization probably 
needs to move down that track a little bit more rapidly than 
it has been until now. 

* ‘I think that tbe palace is looking very carefully at specific 
changes, at radical changes, at genue changes. It’s looking at 
the whole array," he said on the BBC's Panorama program. 

Defending the royal family's reaction to Diana's death, 
Mr. Gimson said members had not wanted to ‘ ‘foghorn” or 
“trumpet" their emotions in public. 

“Perhaps one of the problems that the royal family face, “ 
he said, “is that there are expectations on them that they 
may nor necessarily be the best placed to meet.” 


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TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


EDITORIALS/OPINION 


Heralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


PUBLISH KD WITH THK NEW YORK TWKS AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


A Gesture From Iran 


i> A hint of Iran’s supposed newfound 
C ‘moderation” has come into public 
iview with its ratification and deposit of 
the treaty banning chemical weapons. 
Such is the prevailing suspicion of die 

Revolutionary Islami c regime that rt is 

■going to have to earn American cre- 
dence every step of the way. But it 
cannot be ignored that acceptance of 
international restraints on weapons of 
mass destruction, indnriing weapons 
employing nerve gas, has been one of 
2be principal standards that Washing- 
ton has set far easing its efforts to 
isolate Tehran. The other standards go 
Jo halting support for terrorism and 
stopping attempts to disrupt Middle 
East peace negotiations. 

Iran used chemical weapons, and 
had them used against it, in its long war 
iwitfa Iraq in the 198%. These are 
.weapons whose production and stor- 
age lend themselves to hiding. But the 
Joew treaty provides for vigorous pur- 
suit. A state formally joining has 30 
days to divulge its chemical facilities 
and stockpiles; international inspec- 
tion follows. Better, short-notice 
{^'challenge” inspections can be made 
J>f undivulged facilities identified by 
(treaty members’ intelligence, 
i* In Iran, the ruling ayatollahs operate 
Span from the elected political au- 
thorities in a manner useful for keeping 
jone hand from knowing or telling what 
jhe other hand is doing. It is fie su- 
preme religious leader, Ali Khamenei, 
who heads the armed forces, not the 


recently elected president, Mohammad 

Khatami, in whom many international 
hopes fear moderation have been re- 
Tbe split between these two 
i enables a regime so inclined to 
use the treaty to conceal arms pro- 
duction or storage. 

Presumably, however, Iran has 

and identified as a cheate^for one 
thing, access to ostensibly peaceful 
chemical technology and to commerce 
in civilian chemicals hinges on hon- 
oring treaty toms. 

Few others would want to be in 
Xian's strategic spot It needs partners 
to deter its primary rival, Iraq. But it 
has yielded to revolutionary fever and 
alienarert the United States, pre- 
Khomeini Iran's patron; the United 
States is bent on inducing China and 
Russia not to aid Iranian missile de- 
velopment. And, confounding stra- 
tegic logic, Iran is hostile to Israel, also 
a bulwark of pre-Khomeini Iran; Israel 
is pressing Americans and Europeans 
to make co mm on cause against Iran’s 
special weapons programs. 

For its own advantage, Iran needs to 
alter the policies — in terrorism, the 
Middle East and special weapons — 
that limit its ties with many nations and 
especially with the United States. 
There lies the interest in its professed 
— but not yet proven — readiness to 
open itself up to the disclosures and 
inspections or the chemical treaty. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Rights for the British 


' The country that gave the world the 
Magna Carta lags, paradoxically, be- 
other developed nations in pro- 
j the rights of its citizens. Britain, 
Which has neither a written consti- 
tution nor a real bill of rights, grants its 
government powers that citizens else- 
where would not tolerate. 

The Labour Party, in opposition, ad- 
vocated several overdue measures to 
tlose the rights gap. Now that it is in 
power. Labour has introduced a bill 
mat falls short of its promises. 
r - Although the mechanism it proposes 
£s weak and full of loopholes, (he hu- 
man rights bill now before Parliament 
aims at a worthy goal — incorporation 
bf the European Convention on Human 
Rights and Fundamental Freedoms in- 
50 British law. Britain invented the 
Convention and was the first country to 
ratify it, in 1951, but it is the only 
country in Western Europe that does 
not make the convention part of its own 
■law. No British judge can strike down a 
repressive law. 

Citizens who feel that their rights are 
violated can try to take cases to the 
European human rights commission 
and court in Strasbourg, a tortuous and 
expensive process. ■ 

Britain's lawyers and citizens have 
tended to assume goodwill on the part 
of the government and have not fought 
for many legal protections for civil 
liberties that other countries enjoy. As 
a result, the government has histor- 
ically had much more latitude than 
other Western governments to search 
or wiretap its citizens. Moreover, de- 
tainees are not allowed to remain silent 

as guilt in court. People charger? with 
terrorism in Northern Ireland can be 
detained and interrogated for a week 
without seeing a lawyer. 

The human rights bill would 
. strengthen the rights of British cit- 


izens, bnt not by enough. It would 
allow die high courts to rale that a law 
did not comply with the European 
Convention. But it would be up to 
Parliament to overturn the law, and it 
could decide not to. 

The danger is obvious. If the U.S. 
Congress could retain laws after the 
Supreme Court strode them down, 
freedoms would come and go with die 
political winds. Politicians do not al- 
ways have rights in mind, and it is 
precisely the politically unpopular 
freedoms — the ones that Parliament is 
most likely to violate — which need 
the most protection. 

Britain, which has always held Par- 
liament to be sovereign, is unlikel y to 
adopt America's model, where the 
courts have the last word. But the Ca- 
nadian system offers a reasonable 
compromise. 

Canada's top judges can strike down 
laws that breach its Charter of Rights, 
but if the federal or a provincial par- 
liament feels that a law is urgent, mem- 
bers can pass it again. The new law 
must contain an explicit statement that 
it violates the charter, and that it ex- 
pires in five years if not renewed. 

In 1994, Britain’s Labour Party 
endorsed a Canadian-style system and 
promised to open a consultation pro- 
cess on a bill of rights, which is vital 
to creating a culture of rights and real 
legal mechanisms to defend them. 

Labour stopped talking about this 
issue when its political prospects 
began to brighten, and since taking 
office it has said virtually nothing 
about a bill of rights. 

As Prime Minister Tony Blair mod- 
ernizes Britain, he has a historic op- 
portunity to bring its legal protections 
up to the standards of other demo- 
cracies. He should not settle for get- 
ting halfway there. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Carrying On to Excess 


' How surprised are you to learn that 
when the landing gear of a flight col- 
lapsed in Charlotte, North Carolina, 
this month and the crew ordered an 
emergency down-the -slides evacu- 
ation, nearly half the passengers paused 
to grab their carry-on luggage? 

As reported by Washington Post 
staff writer Don Phillips (IHT, Nov. 
15), people ignored warnings to get 
moving, instead groping under seats 
and in the overhead bins for their stuff, 
stalling not only their own exiting but 
also blocking others who were in a 
called-for hurry. 

There are ail sorts of explanations 
for carrying on (and off) like this — to 
avoid the baggage claim delay, to have 
“essentials’ vri thin reach during die 
flight, to have a change of clothes in 
case baggage gets lost, and, if evac- 
uating, to save whatever belongings 
you can. Still, the airlines note that this 
is a serious safety issue. 


The rules do need changing. 

The Federal Aviation Administra- 
tion issued a rale in 1988 requiring 
each airline to adopt a carry-on policy 
for approval by the agency, but the 
federal rule dealt with scanner require- 
ments and pre-takeoff stewing, not 
limits on the number or size of bags. 

Although some carriers have set 
their own rules, passengers have found 
all sorts of ways to get around them 
— from monstrous purses to closets 
with handles. Aisles are blocked and 
takeoffs are delayed as people try to 
cram the impossible, often beaning 
others below. 

Individual, varying airline rules are 
not enough. People need to hear that 
“federal regulations require that you** 
put that seat in an upright position or 
click off that laptop and, when board- 
ing or evacuating, be advised that you 
can't take it with you. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


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Wake Up and Buttress Asian EconofnieDominoes 


W ASHINGTON — It is becoming 
an intolerable threat to American 
interests and world stability. President 
Bill Clinton is roing to nave to deal 
with it unilaterally, before its reckless, 
irresponsible, dictatorial leadership 
destroys us all. Things can't be allowed 
to continue like this, with all talk and no 
action. Whatever powers the president 
needs to meet this threat are fine with 
me. Whatever it takes, baby, whatever 
it takes. Because this out-of-coatrol 
beast has got to be stopped. 

I am talking about the United States 
Congress. 

If you just took the first 435 names in 
the phone book, surely, surely you 
could cone up with a more intelligent, 
worldly body than the 435 narrow- 
minded, shortsighted, weak-kneed, na- 
vel-gazing characters now represent- 
ing the American people in the Home 
of Representatives. Thank goodness 
this Congress adjonmed on Friday for 
vacation. Who knows what it would 
have done with another week. 

As it was, the Congress spent its last 
week barring the president from signing 
any more free trade agreements, barring 
him from paying America’s overdue 
UN dues (at a time when he is trying to 


By Thomas L. Friedman 


rally the United Nations to deal with Iraq 
so that America won’t have to act uni- 
laterally) and hairing him from adding 
S3 J billion to tbeuuernational Mon- 
Fond so that the IMF can better 
with global financial meltdowns 
before they hit America's shores. 

Both IMF and UN payments are 
being held hostage by Newt Gingrich 
until Mr. Clinton gives in to demands 
of Republican anti-abortion fanatics. 

Let’s look at the least understood of 
these issues: the money to the IMF. 
What Congress does not understand is 
that, geopolitically speaking, we are in 
a somewhat new world today. 

Daring the Cold War it was regional 
military conflicts, from El Salvador to 
Angola to Vietnam, that tended to get 
globalized, and regional economic 
crises, such as. in Brazil or the Phil- 
ippines, that got ghettoized. In the Cold 
War the two superpowers took sides in 
every regional conflict, making each 
one a potential global crisis. 

Today it is just the opposite. Because 
of the absence of any global U.S.- 
Soviet competition, regional conflicts 


— Albania, Algeria, Bosnia — tend to 
get ghettoized. Now it is the regional 
economic crises that get 
because of the increasing interconnec- 
tedness of markets and information. 
The domino theory belongs to eco- 
nomics today, not politics. 

The shakiest, most important dom- 
ino now is South Korea. You almost 
wonder today whether South Korea 
will collapse before North Korea. 

South Korea is suffering through a 
string of large corporate bankruptcies 
and bank defaults. Its corpo rations, no - 
torioos for dubious bookkeeping prac~ 
dees, owe at least $150 billion to for- 
eign banks, many of them Japanese. 
South Korean investment banks are 
also big holders of speculative Russian 
and Asian stocks and bonds, which 
have recently soared. 

If South Korea totters, it will hit 
Japan's banks. And if Japan's banks 
weaken, they will have to sell some of 
their U.S. stocks, bonds and T-bills. 
And if tiie Japanese yea weakens, it 
will balloon the U.S. trade deficit, and 
set off another bunch of dominoes. 
Indonesia, which owes $100 billion to 
foreigners, is the other shaky domino. 

It would be nice to just say to (he 



South Koreans or Indonesians; "You 

j." But 
lor 

will 

also hit Joe Sixpack on Main Street 
Because Billionaire Bob’s trust fund 
and Joe Sixpack’s pension fund are in 
tiie same mutual funds. 

The problems of Indonesia, Thailand 

and South Korea are largely problems 
of bad governance, corruption, insider 
dealings and under-regulated banking 
systems. They are problems that can be 
solved only by getting into the internal 
'-wiring of mesc-countries and repairing 
their software and hardware. 

America can't do that — not without 
tri g g eri ng a real backlash. That requires 
an rm partial international institution: 

one that has both tiie know-how to fix 
bad software and the financial clout to 

ten these countries that unless they make 


jty, but that if they do the right thing 
the IMF will help cushion the pain. 

But if the IMF is disempowered or 
underfunded, the United States will 
have to deal with the situation itself, or 
just let foe dominoes slam into it — and 
slam they wilL 

The New York Times. 


Peace and Justice: Britain Tries Ethical Foreign Policy 


L ondon — “We feel — 
a strong belief of my own 
— that we can’t have peace in 
Bosnia unless we have justice 
against those who committed 
atrocities,” Robin Cook said. 

Mr. Cook, foreign secretary 
in the Labour government, is a 
striking example of the impact 
that political change can nave 
on foreign policy. In the six 
months since Labour took of- 
fice he has transformed British 
policy on Bosnia. 

During the Serbian aggres- 
sion and "ethnic cleansing,” 
the Conservative government 
of John Major repeatedly re- 
sisted international measures to 
stop the slaughter. Britain had 
thousands of troops in tiie UN 
peacekeeping force bat was tiie 
most reluctant of the Europeans 
to use the force meaningfully. 
(Mr. Major’s predecessor, Mar- 
garet Thatcher, sharply dis- 
agreed with the timid policy.) 

The finn new British attitude 
was demonstrated in July when 


By Anthony Lewis 


British troops undertook tiie 
first operation by international 
forces to arrest men wanted for 
trialas war criminals. One Serb 
was arrested, another killed in a 
gunfight. 

Since then Britain has put up 
the money for a second 
courtroom for the War Crimes 
Tribunal in The Hague and 
helped to staff the tribunaL 

I asked Mr. Cook, in an in- 
terview, how he felt about the 
need to arrest the most wanted 
indictee, Radovan Karadzic, 
who led the Bosnian Serbs in 
the war. “ft is very, very im- 
portant indeed to arrest Karad- 
zic,” be said. “It would be a 
form of injustice if we ended np 
trying lesser figures while the 
bigger ones escaped. One of the 
messages Karadzic must now 
absorb is that there is no hiding 
place. Someday he will be tried. 
But one shouldn't be glib. He 
has a very large bodyguard.” 


Britain has 5300 soldiers in 
the international stabilization 
force in Bosnia, second in num- 
bers to America's 8,500. Mr. 
Code said he favored firm 
deadlines for compliance by 
the parties with provisions of 
the Dayton agreement, with 
‘ ‘sticks in the form of sanctions 
if those deadlines aren’t met” 

He can be critical of all sides 
in Bosnia. On a visit there in 
July he called attention to their 
concealment of public spending 
“and the opening for corruption 
which that creates.” The prob- 
lem is at least being discussed 
now, he said, and as a result 
“the secret police attached to 
the SDA [tiie nationalist 
do minan t among Mil 
have been rather undermined.'’ 

In opposition, Mr. Cook was 
a Labour spokesman on domes- 
tic subjects such as health, but 
was known for ferreting out the 
facts on dubious foreign arms 


deals. An intoltertnal , he has a 
soft voice but, when needed, a 
sharp debater’s tongue. 

Mr. Cook is often described 
here as desiring an “ethical for- 
eign policy” with an emphasis 
on human rights. Some Tories 
have mocked the idea, but be 
said be saw no reason it should 
be a partisan matter. 

“It is said that foreign policy 
is about promoting tiie national 
interest,” he said. “But part of 
die national interest is being 
confident and proud of your val- 
ues. That is why we believe an 
element in foreign policy should 
be about supporting those who 
have been denied foe values of 
democracy and human rights.” 

There are not just two 
choices in dealing with author- 
itarian governments, he said: 
“to_ kowto w — prostr ate your- 
self to get a contract ; ==x*rhave- 
a row.” A third is to discuss 
economic cooperation but ex- 
plore your concerns about hu- 
man rights “in a civilized and 


courteous way.” That apr 
preach, he said, would appeal to 
a broad consensus. "• , 

Concern about human rights || 
does not dominate Mr. Cook’s 
policy. Military security is A 
major focus. Britain is me one 
country that has fully supported 
the United States in the sbowr 
down with Saddam Hussein. 

The environment is another 
item on tiie Cook and Labour 
agenda. Going much further 
than the United States on the 
issue of global wanning, Britain 
has committed itself to making 
a 20 percent cut in carbon emisr 
sums by the year 2010. 

Finally, there is Europe. For 
six months starting Jan. 1, Bri- 
tain will hold the presidency of 
tiie European Union’s Council 
of Ministers. At the top of his . 
agenda, Mr. Cook said, will be £' 
enlarging-the EU. “Europe has 
a histone mission to open its 
doors to the new democracies of 
Central and Eastern Europe.” ; 

The New York Times. 


Time to Stop Bickering and Work Together for Decency 


W ILTON PARK, West Sus- 
sex, England — Euro- 
pean-American relations are in a 
particularly bumpy period now 
as economic issues are taking 
precedence over once dominant 
security concerns. The outlook, 
as reflected in a conference here 
on improving foe “trans-At- 
lantic dialogue,” under the 
sponsorship of the British For- 
eign Office, is that things will 
keep getting worse unless real 
effort is made for improvement 
There is a European com- 
plaint of American arrogance 
trying to corral allies and 
friends into imposing Washing- 
ton's wishes on the world. 
There is an American complaint 
of European commercial cupid- 
ity and irresponsibility in deal- 
ing with outside threats such as 
Iran and Iraq, leaving the United 


By Flora Lewis 


States still to cope with the main 
burden of protecting European 
as well as American interests. 

We have been here before. 
Such quarrels have been a con- 
stant theme of post- World War 
II history. But memories fade 
and generations change, so the' 
past looks smoother than it 
really was. 

Still, with all the summits 
scheduled and institutions es- 
tablished, there is a lack of 
means to focus on working out 
common policies instead of 
highlighting mutual grievances. 

The people who assembled 
here, at least, to look at foe 
problems do all want a better 
partnership. Nobody said: Who 
cares? — it doesn’t matter so 
much since foe Cold War. There 


was even an American sugges- 
tion to set up a North Atlantic 
Economic Community (NAT- 
EQ as a place to develop long- 
term goals in parallel to APEC 
(Asia-Pacific Economic Co- 
operation) and to provide a po- 
litical-economic roram along- 
side NATO’s political-military 
concerns. 

At a minimum, it would thick- 
en the international ai phaTv* 
soup and maybe even nourish 
more understanding of what 
each side finds irrational in the 
other’s behavior. Certainty there 
is a need to discuss not only 
specific cases and crises provok- 
ing dispute but conflicting ideas 
of how to respond to perceived 
threats and to use power. 

To foe Europeans, foe United 


When Greedy Elites Don’t Learn 


H ong kong — The 

plunge in foe value of 
Southeast Asian currency and 
stock markets, and the loom- 
ing economic slowdown in the 
region, is not primarily due to 
economic or' fiscal factors. 
The reasons are chiefly psy- 
chological. The mind-set, not 
the market, is decisive. 

The ruling classes of South- 
east Asia, by and large, do not 
understand the nature of 
property. What is 
i is, of course, inalienably 
theirs. But public property and 
die property of less powerful 
individuals are, in their view, 
also inherently theirs, when- 
ever they care to take it 
That attitude is very wide- 


Indonesia, Thailand, Mal - 
aysia and foe Philippines, foe 
four Southeast Asian coun- 
tries bit hardest by the finan- 
cial turmoil. 

Having tins mentality is a 
bad way to ran a modem capi- 
talist economy. Unless the se- 
curity of private property is 
recognized and protected by 
evenhanded enforcement of 
equitable laws, it is in foe long 
ran impossible for such an 
economy to function. 

The only major group in 
Southeast Asia that does not 
share this cavalier attitude to 
property are the ethnic Chi- 
nese. They have been tiie 
moving force in the spectac- 
ular growth of Southeast 
Asian economies. Because 
the people of Hong Kong and 
Singapore are largely Chinese 
by blood and culture, those 
enclaves are largely free of foe 
cavalier approach. 


By Robert Elegant 


That is not true of China 
itself. The native Chinese 
elite, political and economic, 
has just as hazy a concept of 
private property as do South- 
east Asian elites. 

Although they understand 
the need to respect property 
rights, ethnic Chinese minor- 
ities in Southeast Asia do not 
necessarily support national 
economies in times of trouble. 
Their dealings are transna- 
tional, and they are compuls- 
ive gamblers. As daring ven- 
ture capitalists, ' their com- 
pulsion to take great risks 
sometimes transcends their 
desire for stable growth. 

Both indigenous Southeast 
Asian elites and overseas 
Chinese have been inspired by 
foe exaltation of material 
greed in the United States. 
Britain and some other West- 
ern societies. 

The economic miracle in 
Asia was started by the ap- 
parently inexhaustible Amer- 
ican appetite for goods made 
by cheap foreign labor. But 
the West's near sanctification 
of greed, and its worship of 
the market as the inevitable- 
benefactor, reinforced the 
Southeast Asian elites' inborn 
conviction of divine-right pri- 
vilege. The West helped mod- 
ernize foe raja syndrome. 

During more than two de- 
cades of rapid economic 
growth, in many Southeast 
Asian countries entrepre- 
neurs, financial manipulators 
and officials creamed off not 
merely profits but revenues 


for ostentatious consumption. 
Often they did not reinvest in 
foe countries where the money 
came from, and the benefits 
did not trickle down. 

Conspicuous consumption 
became the order of the day. 
Streets swarming with Luxury 
limousines were palisaded 
by ornate, boastful office 
towers, now conspicuous for 
their vacancies. 

After more than 30 years in 
power, the family of Indone- 
sia’s President Suharto con- 
trols almost every major busi- 
ness enterprise, except for 
those dominated by overseas 
Chinese tycoons who have 
dose ties to him. 

In Thailand, there have 
been a succession of short- 
lived governments run by 
profligate and venal political 
parties. In die Philippines, too, 
a well-entrenched elite fre- 
quently frustrates reforms. 

Prime Minister Mahathir 
bin Mohamad of Malaysia 
blames his country’s diffi- 
culties on speculation and 
plots by foreigners, including 
Jews. He ignores widespread 
corruption, extravagant pro- 
jects of questionable value, 
and the effects of tiie gov- 
ernment-sponsored transfer of 
ownership of many enter- 
prises from careful Chinese to 
less assiduous Malays. 

No one can avoid or hope 
to recover from economic dif- 
ficulties by refusing to face 
their causes. 


The writer, author of anum- 
ber of boots on Asia, con- 
tributed this comment to the 
International Herald Tribune.- 


States seems to be mesmerized 
by sanctions as a panacea. Con- 
gress mandates sanctions on 
ban, Iraq. Cuba, Libya, looks 
for economic pressures to pro- 
mote human rights in Hiina and 
oppose abortion, and- to punish. 
noncompEants. 

There is nothing bad about 
America's reluctance to use its 
immense military power to get 
its way. with miscreants. But it is 
an illusion to suppose that sanc- 
tions can do tiie trick. 

They only work, and then not 
very well, when there is broad 
international agreement They 
take along time. They hurt most 
the people who are already hurt- 
ing from oppressive regimes, 
and often serve to mobilize na- 
tionalistic support for the op- 
pressors, who are scarely 
touched by. foe sanctions and 
sometimes profit hugely from 
foe inevitable black markets. 

South Africa's abandonment 
of apartheid is often cited as 
proof that sanctions can suc- 
ceed. That is dubious. Other 
factors were at least as impor- 
tant and probably more. Inter- 
national opprobrium and iso- 
lation, especially in sports, 
played a big role. 

Although it has not been well 
articulated, the essential pur- 
of both Americans and 
in foreign policy is to 
try to establish and enforce a set 
of rules to make the world's now 
large collection of states behave 
like an orderly international 
community, one that is reason- 
ably safe and comfortable for 
decent people to live in. 

There wul always be differ- 
ences on what is best There will 


always be rivalry in foe search- 
for advantage. The point is howl 
to accommodate differences for; 
mutual benefit, and that is what 
is being lost in the fight over; 
when, where and how to use; 
sanctions. * ! 

The one rim that sanctions; 
do serve quite well and easily is 
as a political gesture to right-! 
eous constituencies who de-; 
mand that their representatives- 
"do something” to express! 
their indignation. On this Level,' 
results are secondary, almost ir-! 
relevant, and opposition is byV- 
definition craven. 

This is where the European-! 
American disagreement deteri- 
orates into recrimination. The 
-professed aim of the punish-, 
meat gets lost It isn’t a matter; 
of whether European “critical! 
dialogue” or American sane-' 
tions work better in inducing 1 
states to correct bad behavior.! 

As Secretary of State Mad-; 
eleine Albright noted candidly 
in the case of Iran, neither one! 
has had much effect ; 

The need then is to concen- 
trate on what is to be achieved,! 
to prevent acquisition of mass' 
destruction weapons and mis-!* 
siles to deliver them. Maybe it! 
takes a combination of cajolery- 
and threat. It definitely takes an! 
agreed, concerned stand. Hie; 
“good cop-bad cop” ploy only 
works as a team. 

America and Europe still: 
need each other to maintain the' 
kind of world they want! 
Neither can afford to spoil the; 
relation by getting mad over- 
how to do it instead of tackling! 
what is to be done. ; 

. . Flan Lewis. < 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 5Q YEARS AGO ! 


1897: Twain Denies 


NEW YORK — The pubEaP" 
tion in many papers all over foe 
United States that Mark Twain 
had written a letter to a friend 
saying that he had recently 
made $82,000 and was now out 
of debt, bas aroused his pub- 
lisher, F. E-Bliss, of Hartford, 
Conn., to make a denial of tiie 
story in the New York Sun. Mr. 
Bliss wrote to Mark Twain ask- 
ing him if it were trne that he 
had written the letter. In reply 
he received this cablegram: 
"Lie. Wrote no such letter. Still 
deep in debt.” Mir. Bliss says 
that foe humorist still owes his 
former publisher $50,000. 

1922: Russians Meet 

PARIS —..The long-awaited 
congress of the Russian “Law 
and Order party,” which com- 
prises foe more influential Rus- 
sian monarchists in Europe, -is 
iinldmg its sessions ar the Hotel 


Majestic, Paris, this w 
Problems of foe utmost inti 
to KussiaTsocial and ecom 
future are being discussed, 
a humanitarian solution to I 
sia’s ills is, according xo 
directors of the movement 

aim of the present meeting, 
par ty's a dherents are pledg, 
the formation of a constitut 
aL limited Monarchy. ■ 

1947: Skirting Xssu 

PARIS ■ — The battle agati^g 
drooping hemline, waged j 
South Africa to California, 
gained a new vocal ally ii 
women of Ranee, who 
pressed themselves overwb 
ingiy against this season’s i 
ion revolution in a doII 
“Marie France,’ 'French^ 
magazine for women. The i 

mnfinne j* _ 


— were ma 

not pretty, that it costs too 

money and foatit isin^ 
ror modem living. ' . 









IJ&O 


K,> 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18. 1997 

' OPINION/LETTERS 


PAGE 9 


1 * Why Don’t Americans 
Care About the Poor? 


By William Raspberry 
But * e ft 

to li ^ Umcef director Carol economic upl 
Bellamy said, ^ has basically veritable ar 
turo«J its back on its poorest who “wane 
p«»le. including its poor to town, bet 
children. assaulting’* 

Take one graphic example, century, bans 

France and the Umted States both a social cance 
wouid have child poverty rates of Seated. More, 
about 25 percent were it not for Darwinism n 
government assistance. With gov- but reasonab 
eminent assistance, France’s lik e any odiea 
child poverty rate is reduced to be allowed to 
just 6.5 percent; America’s re- As recenti’ 
■mauis slightly over 2 1 percent this century, ' 
Similar comparisons abound, in favor — n 
Have we Americans really but at least es 


H 1 


'"’*"11 Pllli. 


I « » ■ V 1 


.stepped caring about our poor? 

• F. A ll an Hanson, a University 
Kansas anthropologist thinks 

we have. More interestingly, 
he says we have changed the 
way we think about the poor. 

we used to see poor people as 
part of an overall human scheme 
that was as full of implications for 
■the non-poor as for the poor. How 
We dealt with the poor, that is, said 
a good deal about the rest of us: 
about our compassion, of course, 

[ but also about our views of human 

nature, divine providence, even 
our personal worthiness. 

* ‘These larger meanings in- 
spired the non-poor to t*ke an 
■interest in poverty and to commit 
^ themselves to do something about 
« it,” Mr. Hanson wrote in a piece 
Tor the November/December is- 
sue of The Humanist. 

Today, he said, our view of 
poverty is largely economic with 
an overlay of negative social 
concomitants — drug abuse, 
school failure, adolescem parent- 
ing and violence. No wonder we 
are not inspired to compassion. 

' It’s not the first time we’ve 
changed our minds about the 
poor, Mr. Hanson said. " During 
the Middle Ages, poverty was 
no social pathology but, rather, 
an intrinsic part of established 
social order." People were rich 
or poor because God ordained it. 
and the only proper response to 
t either state was humility. 
lf “If anything," according to 
Mr. Hanson, "the poor were 
thought to be morally superior to 
the rich. Monks, nobles and 
wealthy people would wash the 
feet of paupers and invite them to 
dine — Moreover, the poor were 
downright useful to the rich and 
powerful as an outlet to atone for 
their sins through almsgiving. ’ ’ 


macneOy-cots 


GOME NOW, MR. HUSSEIN, 
PLEASE TAKE WURPNGER 

WE CAN HAVE A ’ 


But the famine, plagues and 
economic upheavals mat spawned 
veritable armies of paupers 
who "wandered from town 
to town, begging, stealing and 
assaulting” had, by the 19th 
century, transformed poverty into 
a socii cancerthat had to be erad- 
icated. Moreover, such ideas as 
Darwinism made it seem harsh 
but- reasonable that the poor — 
like any other unfit specimens — 
be allowed to perish. 

As recently as the middle of 
this century, the pom 1 were back 
in favor — not exactly honored, 
but at least exonerated as victims 
of social conditions beyond their 
power to influence. 

AikI now? 

1 had thought the- main source 
of today's apparent hardhearted- 
ness was impatience with a series 
of programs that promised to end 
poverty but, of course, did not 

Mr. Hanson, in a telephone in- 
terview, added a fascinating twist; 
"Conservatives think we could 
have won the war in Vietnam 
but that our lack of will, and 
our unwillingness to make the 
full commitment, tied oar hands. 
Liberals say just the same thing 
about the war on poverty.” 

Worse, he said, the whole idea 
of eliminating poverty fas 
opposed to easing the plight of 
the poor) seems to be dying. 
The new paradigm, Mr. Hanson 
said, is Charles Murray and 
his twin notions that treating 
poverty only makes it worse 
and that the problem has more 
to do with innate intelligence 
than with social policy. 

“Contemporary poverty has 
lost many of its previous 
associations with larger ideas 
about human nature, human 
betterment, and h uman pro- 
gress," Mr. Hanson added. 

Maybe it’s not quite fair to say 
that we do not care about poor 
people. Individual poor people, 
cleverly presented by sympathetic 
journalists, for instance, routinely 
claim our sympathy. 

What is missing is the sense 
that poverty has anything to 
do with our own fundamental 
humanity, with who and what 
we are — and ought to be. 

That may not be the same 
thing as turning our backs on 
the poor, but it’s hard to tell 
the difference. 

. The Washington Post. 




Kf, 


fc * 


mm 


HH; 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


China’s Human Rights 

Regarding "Boshing China Is 
No Answer: ‘Can One Eat 
Liberty?’" (Opinion, Nov. II) 
by Ying Ma: 

When non-Chinese tell us that 
the Chinese and other Asians do 
not understand or need human 
rights, we think they are racist. 

How can we explain Mr. 
Ying’s attitude? Could it be that 
be was writing to please the cur- 
rent Chinese leadership? 

DONALD HOLZMAN. 

TrieJ-sur-Seme. France. 

Mr. Ying asks whether "ideals 
of human rights guarantee that 
children in the Chinese coun- 
tryside have a full stomach.’ ' 

Did invading Tibet in 1959 help 
China feed its children, or did it 
instead waste valuable resources 
that could have been used to thai 
end? Did buying the necessary 
weapons of destruction and re- 
pressing Tibetans’ freedom of 
worship really help reduce the 
“poverty, filth, crime and pollu- 
tion that still plague China”? Or 
did this simply spread the plague? 

NORMAN JACKSON. 

Paris. 

A Rosy Philippines? 

Regarding “ Democratic Phil- 
ippines Will Surmount Asia's 
Troubles ” (Opinion. Nov. 14) by 
Bernardo M. Villegas: 


Mr. Villegas 's rosy picture of his 
country's economic and political 
situation is pure rhetoric and sheer 
denial of the poverty from which 
the majority of his compatriots 
continue to suffer. Filipinos have 
had to struggle for their survival for 
so long that it is only their religious 
fatalism that keeps them from re- 
belling against tie establishment 
J.L. DAVENPORT. 

Hong Kong. 

Implausible Assembly 

Regarding “For a Global 
Peoples' Assembly ” (Opinion. 
Nov. 14) by Andrew’ Strauss and 
Richard Falk: 

The writers * idea is quite lovely 
in theory. However, the voting 
formula only begins to work 
among a well-educated, well- 
informed population. 

A Global Peoples' Assembly 
would in effect constitute another 
body where undereducated poor 
people would be excluded. 2 
would suggest a better use for all 
the billions these pew-age phil- 
anthropists are going to be throw- 
ing around; extensive education 
for everybody on the planet 

JAYA SCHUERCH. 
Pietrasanta, Italy. 

Don’t Ban Gum Arabic 

Regarding “Sudan and Soda " 
(Editorial. Nov. JO): 

The real disaster in banning gum 


arabic imports from Sudan would 
not be the sinking of fruit particles 
in orange soda, but the increase of 
desertification and poverty. 

The gum-producing trees grow 
in sandy areas where little else does 
and fertilize the soil. Their leaves 
constitute fodder, while their wood 
is a major source of energy . If gum 
arabic did not have a value in itself, 
it would deserve to be subsidized. 

Should the product become 
unavailable because Sudan is 
the world's primary source, users 
would be forced to develop 
substitutes — depriving poor 
fanners in sub-Saharan Africa of 
a substantial source of income. 

CAROLINE DE JONG-BOON. 

Bonn. 

On Running Amok 

Regarding “A Surge of Threats 
to Americans as U.S. Brings Ter- 
rorists to Justice" (Nov. 14): 

It is comforting to know that 
Prime Minuter Mahathir bin 
Mohamad of Malaysia believes 
that "Malaysians are not violent 
people" and “Malaysians don’t 
do such things." as he was quoted 
as saying after the U.S. Embassy 
in Kuala Lumpur reported calls 
threatening harm to U.S. citizens. 

With due respect to the prime 
minister. 1 must confess that 
I have doubts. After all, “amok" 
is a Malay word. 

BEROL ROBINSON. 

Meudon. France. 


A Media Thrashing 
Over Kennedy Book 


Bv Howard Kurtz 


W ASHINGTON — The day 
before Seymour Hersh’s 
book on John F. Kennedy 
was published last week. The 
New York Times called it 
“already much reviled.” That’s 
hardly an exaggeration. 

Many journalists, historians 
and Kennedy loyalists have de- 
nounced Mr. Hersh in unusually 
personal terms, as though he were 

MEANWHILE 

some sort of high-class Kitty 
Kelley. The attacks are striking 
because the former Timesman is 
a Pulitzer Prize- winning invest- 
igative reporter, and most of 
his sources are on the record. 

Of course, the august journa- 
lists trashing Mr. Hersh haven't 
balked at reprinting the most 
salacious tidbits about JFK and 
his frenetic sex life. But only os 
a public service, naturally. 

Whatever the flaws of “The 
Dark Side of CameloL" the pub- 
lisher Little, Brown and Co. has 
orchestrated an extraordinary 
wave of publicity to help sell the 
initial 350.000 copies. The blitz 
has produced cover stories in Time 
and the New York Daily News, 
extensive reports in The New York 
Times, the Los Angeles Times and 
The Washington Post, and a round 
of interviews on "Today," “NBC 
Nightly News," “CBS Evening 
News" and "Larry King Live.” 

But Mr. Hersh’s portrait of 
a sexually obsessed president 
who is described as indulging 
himself with prostitutes, having 
a secret first marriage, stealing 
the 1960 election and making 
deals with the Mafia is being 
riddled with hostile Fire. 

The Time columnist Hugh 
Sidey called the book' “evil," 
saying that some reporters “come 
to'act like and resemble those they 
investigate — people who are 
swayed by money, willing to 
use any means to their ends, 
secretive and conspiratorial." 

in Time, the historian Alan 
Brinkley cited "heavy-handed 
sensationalism" and "inflamma- 
tory disclosures" for which 
Mr. Hersh “has no adequate 
evidence." 

Even less heated accounts said 
Mr. Hersh overreached by relying 
on such bit players as mobsters’ 
widows, minor politicos and 
former Secret Service agents. 


Evan Thomas of Newsweek, for 
example, scoffed at the notion 
that Mr. Kennedy would use 
his alleged paramour, Judith 
Campbell Exner. to cany a satchel 
of cash to the mob boss Sam 
Giancana. Mr. Hersh’s “zeal 
seems to have occasionally con- 
sumed him.' ' Mr. Thomas wrote. 

Time t which was tough on the 
book, although its parent company 
owns Little, Brown) quoted a 
Washington art gallery owner as 
dismissing Mr. Hersh’s account 
that a Secret Service agenr brought 
him sexually explicit photographs 
of a naked president and various 
lovers for framing. They weren’t 
naked. Sidney Mickelson said, 
and there was no Mr. Kennedy. 

And Mr. Hersh undoubtedly 
tarnished his credibility when 
he relied on documents — which 
he now acknowledges were bogus 
— alleging that JFK paid 
S600.000 to keep Marilyn Mon- 
roe quiet about their supposed 
romance. Those charges were 
excised from the book. 

Mr. Hersh 's $2.5 million deal 
with .ABC for an upcoming special 
raises the notion that he hoped to 
rum salacious revelations into a big 
payday. Indeed, Mr. Hersh raised 
the matter himself by declaring his 
jealousy of the Washington Post 
reporter Bob Woodward and his 
string of best-sellers. “I'm patho- 
logical on the subject of Wood- 
ward's money,” he told Vanity 
Fair. "I'm totally envious.” 

But Mr. Hersh insists he did 
not compromise his standards 
and that his evidence is rock- 
solid. One wonders whether the 
criticism would be quite so sharp 
if Mr. Hersh's target were Richard 
Nixon instead of a beloved pres- 
ident cut down in his prime. 
Or whether Mr. Hersh 's prickly 
personality has prompted critics 
to escalate their rhetoric. 

For his pan. Mr. Hersh said on 
“Today" that his named sources 
could corroborate the charges. 
“I’m so anxious for reporters to 
get out there and start talking to 
These people." He added, “I’m 
willing to stand the scrutiny of 
my peers, absolutely." 

Footnote: Mr. Hersh doesn’t 
even have an exclusive on the 
tide. The Chicago Tribune said 
Playboy Press published a JFK 
book called “The Dark Side of 
Camelot" in 1976. 

The Washington Post. 


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PAGE 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


In Israel, a Blase Yawn 
Amid the Iraqi Crisis 


By James Rupert 

Wtohlngwn Post Service 


JERUSALEM — To be either an Is- 
raeli or a Palestinian is to have a dubious 
investment in conflicts anywhere else in 
the Middle East. That includes the sharp 
donfrontation between Iraq and the 
United States, which, in and around Is- 
rael, brings a muted sense of d£j& vn. 

„ Many Israelis are digging out the gas 
masks that their government issued 
nearly seven years 'ago during the Gulf 
War, when Iraq fired missiles into Israel 
and threatened poison gas attacks. But 
they are doing so more out of a died 


CHUBAIS: 

Free-Marketeer Slips 

• Continued from Page 1 

received a $3 million interest-free loan 
from Stolichny Bank, another leading 
J»nk that benefited from previous pri- 
vatization deals, and which helped fi- 
Mr. Yeltsin’s re-election cam- 


Mr. Chubais has -declined to discuss 
(he details of either transaction, 
j Both deals raise a larger question; 
How did the former St Petersburg aca- 
demic and squeaky-clean government 
* . end up tarnished with the same 
of conflict-of-interest problems 
t he so openly deplored all across the 
government? 

■ The $90,000 fees Mr. Chubais and his 
jo-authora accepted pale in comparison 
With the milli ons of dollars in bribes and 
Sweetheart deals traded by Russian of- 
ficials and top businessmen every day, 
put Mr. Chubais held himself to a higher 

| Mr. Chubais's answer is categorical: 
He is being set up, he says, by die 
powerful bankers and businessmen he 
thwarted when he tried to clean up the 
privatization effort. 

| Convinced, not unreasonably, that his 
enemies are out to get him, Mr. Chubais 
has been operating with a siege men- 
He is deeply unpop alar, blamed 
Russians for the most pain- 
economic upheavals since commun- 
collapsed. He has almost no support 
in die Communist-led Parliament, and 
|he financial community is bitterly di- 
vided over his policies. 

I The biggestraction in the State Duma, 
die lowerbouse of Parliament, said in a 
statement Monday it would not even 
discuss the 1998 draft budget while Mr. 
Chubais remains in the government, 
Reuters reported. 

. And while there is no doubt that he is 
now engaged in an open, ruthless battle 
some of the very bankers and ty- 
who a year ago worked with him 
win Mir. Yeltsin’s re-election, Mr. 
ibais’s blunder seems to be of his 
i making. 

Beneath the war being waged over die 
iture of privatization, some in Russia 
a Shakespearean parable of bow 
lers get bunded by power, political 
tiances and the compromises of day- 
ay governance. 

The war ofthe oligarchs broke out over 
Russia’s telecommunications giant, 
jvyazinvest, in August when the state put 
tup 25 percent of its shares for auction. 
(Tnat deal was held up as a model of the 
[government's new commitment to fair 
play, because the shares were wan by the 
jnighest bidder, Oneksimbank. 

The losing consortium, led by Vladi- 
mir Gus insky, a banking and media 
[magnate, was furious, saying that Mr. 
[Chubais had unfairly favored Oneksfrn- 
ibank. Mr. Chubais countered that Mir. 
Cusinsky and his allies had tried to play 
by the old rules of cronyism and back- 
iroom deals. Mr. Chubais came under 
intense fire, particularly in the news- 
papers and networks controlled by bis 
|two enemies. 

• Shortly after the sale, one of Mr. 
iChubais’s closest aides, Alfred Kokh, 
the privatization chief who oversaw the 
Svyazinvest deal, was forced to resign 
lamid press reports that he had accepted a 
'$100,000 book advance from a Swiss 
company with ties to Oneksimbank. Mr. 
[Yeltsin criticized Mr. Kokh, but Mr. 
Chubais passionately defended him as a 
[victim or a smear campaign. 

Mr. Chubais retaliated this month by 
; Mr. Yeltsin to dismiss Boris 
sky, a tycoon and close ally of 
[Mr. Gusinsky’s, from the national se- 
curity council. 

! Then, the new book scandal broke. 
[Last May, Mr. Chubais and five co- 
authors signed a contract with Segodnya 
Press to write a history of privatization. 
■In October, Mr. Chubais told reporters 
[about the project, saying that 95 percent 
[of the royalties would be set aside “to 
create a special fund to protect private 
[property in Russia." He aid not disclose 
[the publisher or the amount of die fees, 
i Last Wednesday, a well-known in- 
ivestigative reporter, Alexander Minkin, 
■who writes for Novaya Gazeta, a news- 
tpaper owned by Mr. Gusinsky, held a 
press conference describing die publish- 
ing deal as a "veiled bribe.’* 
j That same day, Yegor Gaidar, a 
feumer prime minister and a close ally of 
■Mr. Chubais’s, announced a new foun- 
j elation to protect entrepreneurship and 
["middle class interests." which he said 
[would be the beneficiary of the book 
'royalties. But that foundation was de- 
lated so hurriedly that die man Mr. 
{Gaidar assigned to run the fund ac- 
[fcnowledged dot he knew almost noth- 
jing about it. The authors had already 
[received advances, and it is unclear ex- 
jactly where that money went 
; A Chubais adviser conceded that the 
[book deal sprang from arrogance and 
inaJvete. “It was signed months before the 
jSvyazmvest war," be said, “Nobody 
thought about it then, they didn’t un- 
derstand the situation now. Now there is 
no longer an assumption of good wilL” 


seme of duty than of vivid fear — and 
many are not doing it at all. 

Some Palestinians have again taken to 
the streets of their towns and refugee 
camps to sing their support for President 
Saddam Hussein of Iraq — the only 
Arab leader in recent years .who has 
attacked the Israeli state that Palestin- 
ians see as their oppressor. 

But Palestinians these days are fo- 
cused much more on their own struggles 
for survival, leaving their expressions of 
sympathy for Iraq muffled. 

When the United States led a force in 
early 1991 that reversed Iraq's invasion 
of Kuwait, Israelis and Palestinians were 
the most involved of bystanders. Iraq 
fired a total of 39 missiles into Israel, 
killing two people and wounding 22S, 1 
and Kuwait expelled Palestinian resi- 
dents following the broad Palestinian 
support for Iraq. The Palestinian cause 
was set back politically and financially. 

This time, Israelis do not feel 
threatened — yet. Israeli news 
cover the crisis 
assessments by t 
unlikely to fire missiles at Israel and less 
likely to get them past Israel's improved 
missile defenses. 

During the 1991 attacks, the govern- 
ment distributed gas masks to Israelis, 
and since then it has tried to keep the 
country ready for a gas attack. The army 
keeps records of the masks issued to 
each family and periodically sends but 

f^g^masks as their children grow, lie 
nonces often go unheeded — but in 
recent days, the gas mask depots, while 
still calm, have become busier. 

Israelis at Jerusalem's main bus sta- 
tion over die weekend seemed to regard 
the current Iraqi-U.S. confrontation as 
annoying background noise, and gas 
masks as a neglected duty. 

“We have the masks at home, but we 
haven’t checked them recently," said 
Jonathan Liebovitz, 18, a student from a 
kibbutz in Galilee. Galileans worry more 
about the fighting between Israeli forces 
and Lebanese [guerrillas along the bor- 
der, he said The Iraq crisis "is not a 
special weeny." 

“This is life in Israel," he said 

Palestinians also have regarded the 
U.S.-Iraqi dispute somewhat distantly. 
In 1991, Palestinians danced in the 
streets at news of Iraq's attacks on Tel 
Aviv — and Yasser Arafat, the Pal- 
estinian leader, openly embraced Mr. 
Saddam. 

Last Monday, young Palestinian men 
demonstrated in the West Bank and Ga- 
za, calling on Mr. Saddam to strike 
a gain, but this time, the leadership has 
stayed quiet. 

■ ■ - Fifty years after the war that estab- 
lished Israel and forced many Pales- 
tinians off their lands into refugee camps 
or exile, Palestinians almost instinct- 
ively support anyone who will oppose 
Israel, said Haidar Abdul Shaft, a prom- 
inent Gaza politician and the former 
Palestinian chief negotiator with the Is- 
raelis. Unfortunately but unavoidably, 
he said, "die Palestinian masses reacted 
from their own deep sense of injustice, to 
the point of bailing the missiles falling 
ou Israelis" in 1991. 

Raed Habet, a man in his 20s who 
cradled his infant son last week in die 
Gaza Strip's Shari refugee camp, said 
Palestinians' frustrations have grown 
with the breakdown of the peace process 
this year that once offered hope for a 
Palestinian homeland. "We are driven 
by our emotions over what we have 
lost," Mr. Habet said. “If the United 
States announced If was going to make 
Israel give back Palestinian land, we 
would be in the streets to cheer for the 
United States." 



Agtnc* Fi jfW « |Yn» > 

The attack on the tourists took place at the ancient Hatshepsut Temple, in Luxor's Valley ofthe Kings. 


Previous Attacks 


Agertce France-Presse 

Following is a list of the previous 
major attacks against tourists in Egypt 
since the violent anti- government cam- 
paign started in March 1992: 

1997 

Sept. 18; Nine German tourists and 
their Egyptian driver are killed when their 
bus is nrebombed outside the Egyptian 
Museum in central Cairo. Two brofoen 
were sentenced to death last mouth by a 
military court in a hasty trial seen as an 
attempt to deter further attacks on tourists. 
He authorities insist that Saber Abu UUa, 
32, a would-be singer who carried out a 
previous attack in 1993 outside a Cairo 
hotel, and his brother Mahmoud, 24, have 
no links to any aimed Islamic groups. 

1996 

April 18: 18 Greek tourists are killed 
and 14 wounded in an attack in from of 
the Europa hotel near the G iza pyramids. 
Egypt's main aimed fundamentalist or- 
ganization, Islamic Group, claimed re- 
sponsibility, saying the attack was aimed 
at Jewish tourists Jt was the first incident 
involving tourists after 15 months of 

c alm. 

1994 

March 4: Islam ic Group claims an at- 
tack against a Nile cruise ship in southern 
Egypt in which a German woman tourist 
is seriously wounded and later dies. 

Aug. 26: A young Spanish tourist is 
shot and killed in an attack on a minibus 
by Mamie militants on -foe road between, 
the two Nile towns of Luxor and Sohag. 

Sept 27: Two Germans and two Egyp- 
tians are kilted in the Red Sea resort of 
Hurghada. Two Islamic Group militants 
are found guilty and hanged in 1995. 

Oct 23: Islamic Group claims two 
attacks in southern Egypt A Briton is 



killed and five others, including three 
British tourists, are wounded. 

1993 

Feb. 26: Two tourists, a Turk and . a 
Swede, as well as an Egyptian, are kilted 
in a bomb blast in a central Cairo cafo. 
Nineteen other people, including six for- 
eigners, are wounded. 

June 8: A bomb hurled into a tourist 
bus near the Pyramids in Cairo kills two 
Egyptians and wounds 15 others, in- 
cluding two British tourists. 


EGYPT: Terrorists Murder Scores of Tourists Outside Luxor 


Continued from Page I 

Mr. Mubarak called an emergency 
meeting of his cabinet and senior se- 
curity officials. He requested a report on 
the incident within 24 hours, identifying 
those responsible. 

European travel agents reacted in pan- 
ic, scrambling to bring back terrified 
customers already in the country and 
dropping future tours there. 

Hans Wiesner, who handles Egyptian 
tours for the Swiss Imholz agency, said: 
“Several groups of Swiss were near the 


temple this morning. We are afraid." 

Trie Swiss press agency ATS quoted 
the Swiss ambassador to Egypt, Blaise 
Godet, as saying 18 or 19 Swiss tourists 
were killed in the attack. 

Brunhiide Mautbe. a spokeswoman fra 
Hotelplan, one of Switzerland’s leading 
travel groups, said: “Many tourists want 
to come borne, and we are organizing 
flights for tonight or tomorrow. 

Jet Tours, an Air France subsidiary, 
decided to repatriate its 60 clients in 
Egypt. Havas Voyages, France’s biggest 
network of travel agents, suspended all 


ticket sales to the destination until more 
information was available. 

He Scandinavian tour operator Star 
Tours and the Danish company Larsen 
Rejser said they were repatriating their 
customers from Egypt, and had also pro- 
visionally stopped voyages there. 

The British tour operator Thomas 
Cook said: “Anyone out in Egypt who 
wants to leave will be flown home early, 
and anyone due to travel out can get then- 
money back or transfer to another des- 
tination if they wish." 

(AP, AFP. Reuters) 


IRAQ: U.S. Might Bend, if Saddam Permits Inspections to Resume 


Continued from Page 1 

throughout the Arab world, where public 
opinion is already restive over what is 
seen os relentless U.S. punishment of 
innocent Iraqis through the sanctions. 

Saudi Arabia, which after Kuwait is 
most vulnerable to Iraqi adventurism, 
issued a statement Monday after Mrs. 
Albright's visit expressing “satisfaction 
at the collective desire to give diplomatic 
efforts every chance to resolve the 
present crisis peacefully.*’ 

From public statements and diplo- 
matic briefings Monday, it appeared that 
Mr. Saddam is prepared to recognize 
that he miscalculated when he ordered 
the expulsion from his country of Amer- 
ican members of the UN teams searching 
his country for chemical, biological and 
nuclear weapons. 

The British minister of state for foreign 
affairs, Derek Fatchett, said in Tokyo, "I 
think that Saddam Hussein now realizes 
that he’s gone a step too far and made a 
tactical mistake and is looking for a way 
that he could back down ana save his 
face," Reuters reported. 

The official Iraq press agency said 
dial at a meeting of Mr. Saddam and his 
cabinet, "the leans sent to the president 
from his brother Arab presidents and 
monarchs were reviewed." Since all 
Arab leaders who have spoken publicly 
have urged a peaceful solution, that can 
be taken as a signal of Iraq’s thinking. 

Earlier, Iraq had offeree! to permit the 
inspections to resume if the inspection 
teams had equal representation from all 
five permanent members of the UN Se- 
curity Council. 

Tire United Stales rejected that offer 
on the grounds that "the criminal can’t 
choose the policemen,” as one official 
it But Monday, the United States 
. offering a formula of its'own. 
officials traveling with Mrs.- 
Albright said Washington was prepared 
to consider modest modifications in the 
economic sanctions on Iraq once Mr. 
Saddam allowed the resumption of un- 
impeded inspections. 

Mrs. Albright has told her British and 


French counterparts that Washington 
might be willing to accept a small in- 
crease in the amount of money Iraq is 
allowed to raise through oil sales to buy 
food and medicue, or an expansion of the 
list of goods Iraq is permitted to buy, or 
both, said a senior official who traveled 
with Mrs. Albright from Saudi Arabia. 

The objective, die official said, would 
be twofold: to give Mr. Primakov a 
carrot to dangle in his efforts to persuade 
Mr. Saddam to permit the inspectors' 
return, and blunt what one called the 
"phony rallying cry" about the hard- 
ships suffered by ordinary Iraqis that Mr. 
Saddam uses to “exploit public opinion 
in the Arab world and Europe." 

In describing the possible sanctions 
modifications, a senior official insisted 
that the United States was not nego- 

S with Mr. Saddam or rewarding 
r his defiance of UN resolutions. 
"If negotiating with Saddam Hussein 
is the same as caring about the Iraqi 
people, guilty," the official said. "We 
are guilty of caring about the Iraqis more 
than Saddam. But that is not the same as 
allowing Saddam Hussein to dictate bow 


Unscom does its job. We are not pre- 
pared to negotiate on that subject" Un- 
scom is the UN weapons inspection 
commission. 

It was Mr. Saddam's insistence on Oct 
29 that Americans be excluded from the 
inspection teams that ignited the face-off 
between Iraq and the rest of the world. 

As far as the inspectors are concerned, 
every minute counts. Mrs. Albright met 
in Bahrain with a group of inspectors, 
who reportedly expressed concern that 
Iraq’s chemical weapons program could 
be reconstituted quickly now that the 
inspections have been halted. 

They also said they would lose their 
"baseune,” or agreed-upon set of data 
about Iraq's weapons capabilities, if the 
hiatus were prolonged. State Depart- 
ment officials said. 

It was the humanitarian issue that ted 
the United States to sponsor UN Security 
Council Resolution 986, adopted in 1994, 
which allows Iraq to export $2 billion 
worth of oil evoy six months and use most 
of the proceeds to buy food and medicine. 
The rest pays for the inspections and for 
war reparations to Kuwait 


Teamster President 
Barred From Rerun 

The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — A court-ap- 
pointed monitor disqualified Ron 
Carey, president of the Teamsters 
union, from a rerun election Mon- 
day, finding that Mr. Carey was 
involved in an illegal scheme to 
funnel union funds into his cam- 
paign coffers. 

The decision was issued by a 
former federal judge, Kenneth Con- 
boy, acting as a special adjudicator 
under the federal cleanup of the 
union. It was not immediately clear 
whether Mr. Carey would appeal. 

Mr. Carey’s re-election over 
James Hoffa last year was set aside 
Aug. 22 by a federal monitor who 
found that an illegal fund-raising 
scheme may have contributed to his 
slim margin of victory. 

The monitor, Barbara Zack 
Quindei, did not disqualify Mr. 
Carey, but on Sept 18, three cam- 
paign officials pleaded guilty to 
conspiring to raise illegal : 


TOKYO: Stocks Surge as Government Shuts Down Ailing Bank 



Continued from Page 1 

day’s visit of the U.S. deputy Treasury 
secretary, Lawrence Summers, with Fi- 
nance Minister Hiroshi Mitsuzuka. 

Mr. Mitsuzuka told reporters that Mr. 
Summers had made recommendations 
for stimulating the economy, but neither 
official would disclose details. 

The trader said there was widespread 
speculation that Mr. Summers had de- 
livered a tough warning, raising (he 
chances of a tax cut or an increase in 
fiscal spending- But he added' that if 
these expectations proved unfounded, 
the market would probably sink again. 
Banking analysts also cautioned that the 
market may nave overreacted. 

Mrs. Qgawa said bank shares had ris- 
en rose across the board, including those 


of some of die more troubled banks. 

"It’s rather strange, because based on 
today’s news, these banks could be 
next," she said. 

She said Hokkaido Takushoku might 
have net □ooperfonning loans as high as 
S4.95 billion but a shareholders' equity of 
only $2.4 billion, leaving a big gap. While 
authorities have promised to repay de- 
posits if the bank cannot Mrs. Ogawasaid 
it was not dear whether the matey would 
ultimately come from the government or 
from healthier banks. If it is die latter, tint 
would continue to bleed the system. 

The bankruptcy of Sanyo Securities 
this month and f allin g Tokyo stock prices 
made it difficult for Hokkaido Tak- 
ushoku to raise funds in foe short-term 
money market forcing its closure, bank 
officials said. If the stock market were to 


head back down, other banks could face 
similar problems, analysts said. 

■ ‘Mr. Yen’ Roms In Currency 

The deputy finance minister for in- 
ternational affairs, Eisuke Sakakibara, 
known as "Mr. Yen" for his influence 
in currency markets, ended his recent 
silence when he said Japan did not want 
the yen to weaken further and would act 
to keep it from doing so, Bloomberg 
News reported. 

Mr. Sakakibara’s reticence allowed 
the dollar to surge to a six-month high 
above 1 27 yen Friday. The dollar was at 
125.60 yen in late New ®osk trading 
after falling as low as 124 .20 yen in Asia. 
(Page 14) His remarks followed the 
meeting between Mr. . „ c _ 

Mr. Summers, which he attended. 


UsbmnMd AIS-hiri/Agmcf Fmur-IVn*- 

Policemen escorting a wounded tourist at Cairo military airport Monday. 


OcL 26: Two Americans, one French- 
man and an Italian are killed and two 
other tourists are wounded atthe Semira- 
mis hotel in Cairo. Police say the at- 
tacker has mental problems and confine 
him to a mental hospital, but he escapes 
in 1997 and. firebombs a bus outside the 
Egyptian Museum in Cairo. ■ 

1992 

Oct. 21 : A British tourist is killed near 
Dairut in southern Egypt Islamic Group 
claims responsibility. 


Islamic Group, * 
Now Splintered, 
Is Main Suspect 
In Luxor Attack 


By Youssef M. Ibrahim 

New York Tones Service „• 

LONDON — Suspicion in the bloody 

attack on tourists in Luxor focused Mon- 
day on Egypt’s most active fundamen- 
talist organization, the Islamic Group, 
which ironically is believed to be un- 
raveling. 

The group was founded in the late 
1970s by a group of radical Muslim 
theologians led by Sheikh Omar Abdel 
Rahman, who is now serving a prison 
sentence in New York for his role in Jf 
blowing up foe World Trade Center, and 
former army intelligence officers and 
lawyers, all of whom are now serving 
life sentences in Egypt 

Over foe last five years, the group has. 
experienced major differences and has 
splintered into a vast array of cells, 
sometimes with radically different ide- 
ologies. 

From a highly disciplined organiza- 
tion, well funded and well armed, that 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

since 1992 successfully targeted senior 
officials, it has now become a collection 
of undisciplined units with tittle focus 
and minimal leadership. # 

Its operatives, estimated at most at a 
few hundred, are hounded by security 
forces and, having been chased out of 
big cities, now hide in a few villages and 
towns in southern Egypt. 

The Islamic Group can no longer pull 
off a spectacular assassination such as 
foe murder in 1981 of President Anwar 
Sadat or foe score of attempted or suc- 
cessful attacks on prime ministers, cab- 
inet ministers, ranking police officers or 
secularist intellectuals — including foe 
Nobel laureate in literature, Naguib 
Mahf ouz- 

Instead, during the last five years it 
has attacked the largely defenseless 
members of Egypt’s Christian minority 
of about 10 million and tourists who. 
while better defended, continue to be 
easy targets. £ 

President Hosni Mubarak and a suc- 
cession of interior ministers have often 
said, with some justification, that they 
broke foe infrastructure of fundamen- 
talist tenor with a ruthless and highly 
effective police and security campaign 
as well as a diplomatic offensive. That 
resulted in a halt to funding from sup- 
porters in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. 

The Bgyptian campaign also resulted 
in foe jamng of about 15,000 members, 
supporters and sympathizers, and iso- 
lated foe movement's second-ranking 
leaders, who live in political exile in 
Britain, Sweden and Denmark. 

The attack Monday hits the country’s 
pockefoook by going to foe heart of its 
vital, $3 billion-a-year tourist industry. 

Of equal importance, it seriously dental 
Egypt's image as a dominant Arab na- 
tion in foe midst of both a democrat- 
ization and globalization effort aimed at 
becoming a new “economic tiger" in 
foe Middle East 

White regimes in Algeria, Tunisia, 
Morocco, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and even 
Palestinian territory can say that radical 
Islamic fundamentalists have lost foe 
battle there for hearts and minds, they 
can still do damage by waging a chaotic 
war against these authorities. 

The damage this can produce was 
" ile in.the shocked reaction in Lon- 
of Mamdouh Beitagui, Egypt's tour- 
ism minister, who was visiting for the 
first day of foe London' Travel Fair. At 
this major gathering of tourist operators, 
he could not now boast that Egypt had 
conquered terrorism and deserved to be a 
major tourist hub. 

"I can’t predict at this stage what is 
going to happen about tourism to foe 
country," a dismayed Mr. Beitagui said: 

In Egypt, Nabil Osman, foe chief j 
spokesman for foe government, said: ' 
“We never said that we stopped these 
groups but that we had contained them,", 
adding that terrorism was "an inter- 
national phenomenon . ’ ’ 

In fact, Egypt had largely succeeded 
in recapturing its enormous flow of tour=- 
ism, which fell sharply in 1993 and 
1994, when attacks on tourists intens- 
ified. 

Egypt is in no way to be compared 
with Algeria, where since 1992 about 
60,000 people have died in violence 
between a secularist government and 
Islamic terrorists; in Egypt, 1,200 bave 
died in terrorism and the battle against it 
in the same period. But Egypt has the 
some kind of problem as Algeria: a can- 
cer that is hard to stop even by those who 
launched it. “ 

The violence at Luxor comes despite 
repeated appeals since July by the top six 
jailed leaders of the movement, who J 
have called for an unconditional ce&± r 
sation of violence by their followers 
“for foe sake of Islam and Muslims ’- 
These leaders have largely concluded 
that the battle to convert society by force 
has been Iosl 

The declaration, repeated and en- 
dorsed several times, was especially dra- 
matic since it abandoned often-repeated, 
demands for a theocratic Muslim state 
the release of jailed militants and foe end 
of military trials that have sent 54 mil 
itam young leaders to foe gallows in foe 
last five years. 

But it has been rejected, obviously’ 
and it is far from clear how much foe- 
movement has splintered. Several 
Muslim guides of the urKfergS 

-i in pamph- 
lets distributed in mosques and abroad-- 
about whether it is religiously correct m 
target tourists, who are seen as bringing g 
corruption to society, or Christian V 

trans, who are seen as atheists. ' 

Their followers are making <fectRirm» 
that suit their PUJposesS^^e^T. 


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Tommy Hilfiger at the opening of his new shop in London. 


By Suzy Menkes 

International Herald Tribune 

L ONDON — It may not be as big, 
told and upscale as the 20,000- 
square-foot store that Tommy 
Hilfiger opened is Beverly HXUs 
on Sunday. But his new London shop is 
just as significant, for it marks the be- 
ginning of a European empire and of a 
global image for the designer whose out- 
size red, white and bine logo was taken 
trp in America's urban ghettos. 

Now Hilfiger is looking outward and 
upward — beyond his cult following 
that includes rappers and rock stars. 

"My most exciting challenge is to 
keep the momentum of the brand and to 
image it up,” says Hilfiger, “I want to 
design collections for men and women 
that have a waterfall effect on the rest of 
the brand.” 

If Hilfiger succeeds in creating the 


■■JM 



i- • - 


Pauline Trigere's canon coat spelling out her name at the Costume Institute of the Metropolitan Museum. 

‘Wordrobe’: Texts and Textiles 


bumnnfual Herald Tribune 

N EW YORK — You don't 
have to be a literary critic 
to grasp the language of 
clothes. Nothing could be 
more direct than a slogan T-shirt beam- 
ing its message from the chest; nor the 
ifc designer label printed as a status logo; 
- nor even the personal initials that self- 
important men use as monograms on 
shirt pockets. 

But the words or random letters 
served up at the Costume Institute of the 
Metropolitan Museum make a rich and 
rare alphabet soup. 

, "Wordrobe." until Nov. 23, is an 
intriguing show of clothes that, in the 
description of curator Richard Martin, 
."reconcile textile and text." 


The ultimate examples must be the 
letters forming Pop Ait patterns on a 
1968 black-and-white dress by Rudi 
Gemreich — or the same graphic visual 
effect when Pauline Trigere’s name is 
used in 1973 as the repeat pattern on a 
cotton coaL 

The words can be piquant, as when 
“Never complain, never explain” is 
spelled out on a 1991 dress by Marc 
Jacobs for Peny Ellis, or when 
Moschino uses in the 1990s an ad for 
call girls as-the print on a man’s shirt. 

Written messages are not particular 
to our media-saturated age, but rather 
to a certain kind of designer who deals 
with irony. Elsa Schiaparelli in the 
1930s was the first of that genre and her 
men's neckties featuring newspaper 


CROSSWORD 


clippings still look fresh 60 years on. 

Jean Paul Gaultier has a similar spir- 
it and his graffiti prints of 1 994 capture 
the contemporary art of the urban 
scene. Other designers mirror art: 
Jean -Charles de Castelbajac’s Ma- 
gritte-like dress is surreally printed 
with the words *’Je suis toute nue en 
dessous” (“I am naked underneath”). 
Japanese calligraphy, used by Chris- 
tian Dior in 1951 and Gi anni Versace 
in 1997, taps into an ancient Asian art 
without decoding it 

The strength of the Costume Insti- 
tute's exhibitions, using mainly mate- 
rial from its own archives, is that they 
are thought-provoking. And “Word- 


are thought-provoking. And “Wor_ 
robe” is an intellectually stimulating 
look at fashion. —S.M. 


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29 Onetime 
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30 Tne ume of 
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32 Markets 

33 Bewitch 

34 Having keen 
vision 

37 Baby beagle 

40 NonMeral humor 

41 Dusk lo dawn 
45 34th Prez 

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47 Indian homes 


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53 Dairy workers 
55 Cinergy Field 

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59 Baseball's 
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22 Flexible, like 
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23 'Scream* 
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25 Choreographer 
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29 Big Apple 
subway stop, for 
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28 Mine metal 

29 Rebellious time 
32 Casino 

machines 

35 Soldiers’ 
'pineapples" 

38 Quick swan 
37 Raucous card 

game 

aa Tiny Tim’s 
instrument 

39 August 
birthstone 

42 Where Athens is 

43 Feminine 
pronoun 

44 'Naughty, naughty!’ 
47 Like most N.RA 

players 

49 Follow 

50 Bay in Ufe 

cereal ads 

S3 1910. on 
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64 Stars have big 
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apex of a design pyramid that starred 
from its wide, mass-market base, he will 
to the first designer in history to go from 
mass to class — challenging a fashion 
system where high fashion trickles 
down. 

Sources in New York claim that Hil- 
figer is searching for a designer to create 
a couture line and is talking to the 
Dutch-bom New York designer Ron- 
aldos Shamask. 

Hilfiger already has a classy fragrance 
business, in partnership with Estee 
Lauder. The success of Tommy and 
Tommy Girl will be followed next spring 
by Hilfiger Athletics, reflecting the high- 
performance, dynamic sportswear that 
the designer has developed. Mick J agger 
even wore a custom-made version of the 
athletic clothes for the Rolling Stones' 
"Bridges to Babylon” tour. 

"The idea is to expand the casu- 
alization of America to the rest of the 


world. " said Hilfiger at the opening of 
his sportswear store on Sloane Street. 

Significantly, Hilfiger himself was 
wearing a striped suit and tie, for when 
his second flagship store opens on Lon- 
don s Bond Street next year, it will re- 
inforce the other side of" Hilfiger's uni- 
verse: the customized clothes for his star 
clientele, led by singer Sheryl Crow, for 
the women’s line. 

Hilfiger famously started his career at 
age 17 in 1969, with $1 50 and 20 pairs 
of be] J -bottom jeans. He admits that in 
his first "dean and preppy” signature 
line in 1984. he was accused of copying 
Ralph Lauren. 

“But my clothes are younger, hipper 
and much faster," he claims, explaining 
how he added larger-than-life logos and 
found that "the urban audience leaned 
towards that.” Translation: The clothes 
were taken up on the street and featured 
in rap songs. Leonard Lauder says that 


creating a Hilfiger fragrance enabled ihe- 
company to reach that market. 

”1 am flattered.’ ' says Hilfiger of the 
ghetto following. ”1 believe that they 
are the trendsetters of the future — and. 
what they wear, white America wears) 
next” 

Since taking the company public in' 
1992. Hilfiger is looking for new ways; 
to expand. For him. brands like Coca- 
Cola ‘ ‘have become the catalyst in mak-‘ 
ing the global village.” And the world, 
has shrunk now that it takes "only three 
and a half hours’ ’ to cross the Atlantic.* 
(That's by Concorde, folks.) 

But doesn't opening stores in upscale 
areas like London’s Knighisbridge and 
Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills mean- 
moving away from those urban roots? 

”1'II never abandon my customer,’ T 
says Hilfiger. "But it’s time for me to 
move. And 1 want to go upwards. 1 don’t 
have the patience lo stay where I am.”“ 


Lang Joins the SoHo Chic 

International Herald Tribune ’• ‘ 

N EW YORK— The space is %?;•'/' 9 

as spare as an an gallery. To ■ HB L - ."- — r 1 

the left sculpted eagles with 

their wings soaring against ‘ ^9. 


International Herald Tribune 

N EW YORK — The space is 
as spare as an art gallery. To 
the left sculpted eagles with 
their wings soaring against 
plain walls. To the right, an install- 
ation of Jenny Holzer’s poetry, the 
words flickering in billboard lights. 

Tucked behind, in the cavity of a 
long dividing wall, are the clothes. For 
this is the newly opened store of 
Helmut Lang, who has joined a group 
of hip young designers opening in 
SoHo. Now that galleries are moving 
out to Chelsea, edgy fashion is taking 
over in downtown Manhattan. 

Lang’s Richard Gluckman-de- 
signed minimalist store, with its sleek, 
modem clothes for men and women, is 
on Greene StreeL In contrast, the 
nearby new store of Vivie nn e Tam is a 
riot of chinoiserie. with lacquer, red 
walls, hanging lanterns and sculpted 
Chinese dragons as a backdrop to 
Tam’s embroidered Oriental dresses. 

Already well-established on Greene 
Street is Anna Sui, whose haute Bo- 
hemian and rich hippy clothes are 
showcased in a dark. Victorian-style 
interior, where busts are painted with 
butterflies. 

Around the comer on Mercer Street, 
massive garage doors open up the from 
of the 2 .500- square-fool space devoted 
to the simply luxurious collection of 
Marc Jacobs. The designer opened in 


NOKIA 




Sculpted eagles in Helmut Lang ’s spacious SoHo store. 


August his first store — designed by 
Chnst Cirgenski of New York’s Space 
Architects. 

The minimalist temple, with its dark 
mahogany floors and off-white walls, 
is furnished with push-around racks for 
the clothes and creamy leather sofas by 
the French designer Christian Liaigre. 
Customers may include the Holly- 


wood stars who favor Jacobs's style. 

Next door, the Tocca boutique of- 
fers a change of pace: a bed piled with 
pretty linens, a trio of tented pavilions 
as changing rooms, and aqua-green 
walls to set off the dainty embroidered 
dresses designed by Marie-Anne 
Oudejans — the darling of the su- 
permodels. — S.M. 


iHii Find the best 

restaurant 
in town. 






Here is your chance to win the Nokia 9000i 
Communicator, the all-in-one communicator, with 
a phone, fax, e-mail, calendar and the Internet. For 
the second prize you could win the naturally-shaped 
Nokia 81101. Or you could win third prize, the easy- 
to-use Nokia 3110. You will also have the chance to 
win one of ten Nokia promotional sports bags with 
a T-shirt, cap, socks, towel and sweat suit 

This competition starts today and runs until 
December 19, 1997, covering 10 cities, one on each 
Tuesday and Friday over the five week period. If you 
miss a city, catch up on the competition Web site 
at www.ihtcom. You can participate until January 
19, 1998. 


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w And win 
the Nokia 9000i 
Communicator 


The Web site will run until February 22, 1998, to 
announce the winners. 

At the end of the competition, all of the 
restaurants that were highlighted in the 10 cities 
will be available to all Nokia Communicator owners 
on a specially created International Herald Tribune 
Web site, specifically tailored and designed for use 
on the Nokia Communicator. 

The winners will be drawn out of a hat on 
February 9, 1998, and announced in the International 
Herald Tribune on February 11. The more times you 
enter, the more chances you have of winning. Enter 
now and enter often with a different restaurant 
each time! 


NOKIA 

Connecting People 





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Success driven by specialty chemicals found, for instance, 
in coatings and printing inks - market launch on January 1, 1998 



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Success built on s u r f ac ta nt s for detergents and many 
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Major global supplier of prial 
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The world's leading producer of superabsorbents, 
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successful track record on the market since December 1, 1912 


The Huls family today extends a warm hello to our new members ! 
On January 1 , 1 998, Huls AG will become a strategic chemical hold- 
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to client needs. Our five existing operations have long been top 


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The premier producer worldwide of phenol and acetone, raw materials 
that go into products such as CDs - a market force since May 9, 1952 



Together with Hs American subsidiary CYRO, Rflhm is a global supplier 
of acrylics, marketed in the U*3> under the brand name ACRYUTE 1 * 1 . 
A key area of application is vehicle taillights, RShm's excellent track 
record on the market dates back to September 6, 1907 










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suppliers in their fields, and we have the same ambitions for our 
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an unmistakable focus on the customer. We wish everyone in the 
Huls family - old members and new - a great future. 

Questions? Huls AG, Corporate Communications, Marl, 
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hiils Infracor 

International competitor in services and infrastructure, 
with headquarters in Mari - market launch on January 1 , 1 998 




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The “nucleus” of innovative ideas and novel business alternatives 
entering the market on January 1, 1998 







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mufficuttural 

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274 179fufl-flme, 

248 pait-ttme 

MBA 

1980000 1 

pesetas 

, . ' 

26% foreign 
students 

| t 

AMBA, 

Spanish naikmol 
occredtlatian 






Cob tin acd on next page 


TWb fist— wdtie nota ranking— ^prmkiBs a companttoe took at same otto tap txakiBesachoobirtkiouhMnf-tookkigprorsams lor inlEmational students, tishuction in aS 

‘Real World’ Programs of Every Stripe 

Say good-bye to the garden-variety MBA. New programs, are highlighting very specific areas of business expertise. 

T oday’s. business ility inresh^jmgwjntootdiat various bodies. A business- foe Multinational Corpora- students are' creating “added 

graduate students and they -long _ have had in oriented Master’s in Recyc- ticm” and “The . World’s value” for fee' huger corn- 

executive leamers schertijlrna Ktw anri Fnvi mn mpntal Ciormol i ti cn 1 F.nvironment mimTtv 


t Mt \ 


' * ! 


K »iM! 


T oday’s. business 
graduate students and 
executive learners 
have an ever-widening 
choice of degree programs. 
Many of these p rog rams 
have a built-in “real world” 
focus, teaching their students 
how to manage global op- 
erations, attend to societal 
needs and operate electronic 
networks. 

Most of the world’s. MBA 
programs do a good job of 
covering what goes on inside 
the company and what 
comes out of it They present 
cogent instruction on how to 
raise product quality, quan- 
tity and innovation by raising 
personnel motivation, up- 
grading production equip- 
ment and revamping oper- 
ations and communications. 

Until recently, fee com- 
pany’s physical, technologic- 
al, social and cultural sur- 
roundings were not, 
however; considered fee fere 
of formal executive -educa* 
tipn. Rather ^rt was' teflf to ' 
specialized seminars to detyp.* 
into arch topics as “How to 
Gain the EU’s Eco- Audit,” 
“Disaster Reporting Tech- 
niques: Informing Local In- 
habitants” or “ M ai n tai nin g 
EDI Interfaces Wife Cus- 
tomers and Suppliers,” to 
cite a few examples of 
courses offered in Germany 
and Austria in November. 

Real-time priorities 
Today, a company is expec- 
| ted to avoid damagi n g the 
environment and aggravat- 
ing the neighbors, and to ex- 
ploit fee opportunities open- 
ing up in new areas of the 
cyber and real worlds. 
Companies are accordingly 
looking for executives with 
such qualifications, and ex- 
ecutives, always eager to re- 
spond to corporate needs, 
have been flocking to attend 
tbe .specialized courses. 

For business schools, such 
subjects were add-ons, spe- 
cial-interest supplements 
' that, in the stately progres- 
sion originally established by 
the Harvard and Wharton 
schools of business, came 
after fee general-interest por- 
tion of the curriculum had 
been completed. 

Showing fee same flexib- 


ility in reshaping content feat 
they .long -have had in 
scheduling classes, fee 
world’s business schools are 
now churning om new 
courses of study, most of 
than centered on “real 
world” subjects of interest to 
specialized segments of fee 
business education market 
These courses impart tech-, 
nical and trade Imowledge 
from the outset 

Long a leader in this field, 
Britain’s Warwick Business 
School offers an MSc in 
Business Management Sys- 
tems and one in Management 
Sciences .and Operational 
Research. Both of these 
courses are focused on help- 
ing fee executive learner 
manage and exploit ad- 
vanced technologies. Anoth- 
er “real world” degree from 
fee school is an MA m Euro- 
pean Industrial Relations. 

France’s Theseus Institute 
provides an MBA~in Inno- 
.vatksiwStiatefivdlntraxnation 


a Master’s in European Act- 
m in ist ra ti on for those pursu- 
ing careers Yn seffing to or 
working for fee Ell and its 


various bodies. A business- 
oriented Master’s in Recyc- 
ling and Environmental 
Management is provided by 
the University of Kaisers- 
lautern. 

This trend toward more 
descriptive degree tides 
. could soon make, the very 
term MBA obsolete, at least 
in Europe. More and more of 
fee Comment's leading busi- 
ness schools are going over 
totheMIBAorMIB — mas- 
ter of international business 
adrnniis t ratio il and master rvf 
international business. Oth- 
ers are keeping abreast of in- 
formation technology by of- 
fering fee MIBT (master of 
international b usines s tech- 
nologies) and M1TP (master 
of international technology 
provision) degrees. 

Fine-tuning programs 
On closer inspection, even' 
those business schools nom- 
inally eschewing the rush to 
|rev a nyi|fee.MBAhayein fhfit, 
found tay&to.atffetrspeci# 
jized de&rees. '* 3; ^ 

Cornell’s Johnson Gradu- 
ate School of Management 
offers its students courses in 
such subjects as “Managing 


tbe Multination a] Corpora- 
tion” and “The . World’s 
Geopolitical Environment 
for Business.” The 
Columbia Business School 
offers its MBA students a 
chance to specialize during 
their formal education tty 
completing such piogiams- 
witbin-the-program as Me- 
dia Communications and En- 
trepreneurship. 

Rather than merely bring- 
ing fee real world into fee 
classroom, a number of 
MBA programs are sending 
their students out into fee real 
world. Lausanne’s Interna- 
tional Institute for Manage- 
ment Development has come 
up wife its Team Initiated 
Enterprises to “address a 
common criticism of MBAs: 
while they excel at analytical 
approaches, they often lack 
fee courage to take initiative, 
or to improvise and innov- 
ate,” in the institute’s words. 
In designing and managing 
pfaese ente r prises on-site, Aft- 

* f' •*. Hfl 


students are ercating “added 
value” for fee larger com- 
munity. 

The classroom is often 
very much part of fee real 
world, thanks .to the flour- 
ishing of Internet-based dis- 
tance-learning programs. 
Once viewed as the poor stu- 
dent’s way of getting an ad- 
vanced degree, such pro- 
grams are enjoying rapidly 
rising popularity arid accept- 
ance in fee ultramobfle world 
of expatriate executives. 

Warwick reports feat its e- 
mail -based Virtual Study 
Groups now have 300 on- 
assignment executive-learn- 
ers, wife fee school expect- 
ing feat number to double by 
fee end of fee year. Distance 
leamers praise the benefits of 
sandwiching visits to their 
virtual university between 
bouts of real-world experi- 
ence, which allows them to 
put their newly gained ex- 
pertise into immediate use. 

Terry Swarteberg 


— AGSB 

IHE AMBCAN G8ADUAIE SCHOOL OF BUSKSS 
IHE MSnUlE Of UNKB68ADII4E 8USWSS SIUt» 


MMff Bimm VflBA 

Bachelor of Science in Basnets Mmsptfion, BSJA 


rkc4duAMtkB-Fm& 

UI4Un m+hNk(HT) 

SWITZERLAND 


flUMDUMW 

Faxfr 4 I )& 94 t%H 

m««iIMu! 



PREStfON 
UNIVERSITY 

Wyoming, US A[T . 

BBA, MBA^MS, PhD 

Business Administration • Computer Science . 

- Distance Learning (No dassfoom study) 

• Accredited •licensed by Statelet. of Edncatioo : 

• Member of several professional associations 
• Student Loans • ScbotanjUpt 
• Also on-caxnpus programs ai Cheyenbe campus in USA, 
and at 22 affiliated centers fariter continents 

PRESTON UNIVERSITY 

Dept HT 1197, 1204 Airport Partway, Cheyenne, WY 82001 , USA 
TU: +1 307 634 1-440 - Pax: +H 9 B 7 634 3091 
Home pegs t^Y/www.wyt Mmngc ociA^res«on . 
E-mail: jaestoo ®wycaniugjieoflJ 


The RAND Graduate School (RGS) 

The world's leading producer of PhJ>.s in policy analy- 
sis invites applications for 1998 doctoral fellowships. 
About 20 RGS Fellows will be selected from around the 
world on the basis of intellectual power and creativity. 
The core cumcuhmi indudes economics, statistics, mod- 
eling, context and process, science and technology, and 
policy workshops. From the start, RGS Fellows work 
wife senior RAND mentors on policy research. Their 
i itfw t li napHn »T y t raining equips them to tackiefoe most ■ 
important problems of the day: security, justice, poverty, 
health, e du c ation . Fellows come from universities, cor- 
porations, consulting firms, nongovernmental organiza- 
tions, governments, and fee military. All Fellows arc fully 
funded, including tuition, health insurance, and a stipend 
from on-tbe-job training. RGS is part of RAND, one of 
fee world's leading independent think tanks. The RGS 
FhJD. is fully accredited. 

Ib-leam more, contact ww m g&xdn. 

.. or the RAND Graduate School, . 

P.O, Box 2138s Santa Monica. CA 90407 . 

Phone: ( 310 ) 393 - 0411 . ExL 7690 

RAND Is an Equal OpportunRyfAIRrmativo Action Employer 


An MBA of real quaky is recognised by 
those who maser, most importantly by 
employers. 


WARWICK 




In Global Business, A DePaul MBA ^ 
Makes A V&brld Of Difference. ; - 

'.M 

mmm 1 8-Month MBA in International Mattering 
and finance (MBA/IMF) 

It’s the world’s oily MBA program 
devoted exclusively to international . 
marketing and finance. An AACSIL 

accredited MBA that wffi give you fee 

competitive edge- Ofleied through fee 

prestigious KeHstadt Graduate School 

of Business, ranked among 

*etoptenpm-®ne^A^^fe f _ 

m fee U.5. by U-& ffWWi Report- ds* 


"Yes, I think it's great 
to have a Wanvick MBA. 
A I o re importantly, 
so does every one else." 


Call 012)3*2-8811 todajG 
Or return fee coupon etigj 

by maflor&c. 0^362^677- 


Mai tt 

DePaul Uraventfty . . 

Kdbndi Graduate School of Borinas 
MBAflMF 

1 E. Jackson BJvtL, 

Chiasgo, IL *0604 
Fax QI2)362-6677 


E-Main 

Internee 


■ : !km‘ 


HomeAddreB 


ChsBSttwBp 


tfhone ' 


Warwick Is one of Europe^ truly great 
Business Schools, which annas high quafty 
students from around the worid,and offers 
the choice of fafaime, distance lemming, 
modular or evening study, all AMBA 

accredrted. - 

Otaszandng P®A programme content 
and support are assured with Warwicks 
excellence n teaching as wefl as research. 

VVfoukJ you Gle to hear more? Then 
call the number below, quoting refe rence 
IHT21U.. 

TeL +44 (0)1203 524306 
Fax +44(0)1203 523719 
Enrol: inquiries@vdjs.warwidcac.uk 
hnp^/wwwwbs.warw5dcjcodc/r^ ■ 

Wirwick Business School, 
UrwersityofVIferwick. 

Ccwnny CY4 7AL Errand. 


tbproridedb England often ki the local language as weB. 


Now, MBAs in Law, Sports and the Arts 


At Liverpool University in northwest Britain, 
students can take an MBA in football, and 
professors staging a top-level executive 
course at the 1MD management center in 
Lausanne bring In a lull professional or- 
chestra to help participants. 

The organizers of a similar program atthe 
London Business School employ theatrical 
directors sothatmanagersmaysoartonew 
heights of fluency and explore unsuspected 
depths of self-understanding. Meanwhile, 
the ESSEC school near Paris has set up a 
full-scale dealing room for its finance stu- 
dents to play with, and SDA Bocconi in Milan 
is running an MBA programthat zooms in on 
fashion and design. 

“In marry ways, leadership has links with 
theater, in that leaders require the creative 
skills of a performer," says Mary Farebroth- 
er, director of the senior executive program 
at LBS. "Accordingly, we hire professionals 
from the drama and music wrorld who lead 
sessions fa preparing dramatic and musical 
performances. At the end of the day. the 
participants present a spectacle of words 
and music." 

Spurred by factors such as privatization 
and deregulation, professionals in fields 
not traditionally associated with business, 
such as the fine and performing arts, medi- 
cine, law end the public sector, are going 


OvaedhlMEStSCANa 


ESLSCA-MBA: 

the dplonu from a Imfing 

french "Grande Ernie" 

In PARIS 

9 One year MBA program 
9 Courses taught In Engfah 
9 International network 
S'- 9 Incar mhi p opport u nit i e s 

i of MmvcrMK eoratosf and Mn> 

iy the frmrfi Aftsury of Education . 


back to school to sharpen their competitive 
management skills. 

"Businesses are looking for graduates 
who have gained specialized knowledge in a 
particular area so they can become op- 
erational and profitable fbr the employer as 
soon as possible." says Gerard Guibilato, 
director of master's programs at ESSEC. 

Examples of such specialized MBA pro- 
grams listed by AMBA — a British accred- 
itation body — include public sector MBAs 
at Aston, Henley and Birmingham, and a 
consortium pubiio-sector course offered by 
Cranfield. Imperial College and Manchester 
in conjunction with the Civil Service College 
In Britain. Leeds University Business 
School runs a similar program for the health 
and social services sectors. Manchester 
Business School has launched an MBA 
program fbr lawyers. 

The Norwegian School of Management 
also operates a public sector program. Liv- 
erpool University's football special — the 
MBA (Football Industries) — has been de- 
signed to train managers in the soccer 
world and its growing number of spin-off 
industries. Another example is ESSEC's 
MBA in luxury brand management In Oc- 
tober 1998, ESSE will launch an interna- 
tional MBA in the agrifood business. 

Michael Rowe 


■H44Q4ND 

NOTH. A HAN ASM ENT SCHOOL 
We efa-ctfacau mi Stag far puumk 
*nnanrnieni Jnci n die ItttraadMal 
Tw yta H/m—j jidawri lbmt Cape 
OptM+yUJktornvim 

Dca Hu* - B* NtdKdnb 

ftt *31 HHTJ JWiUO 


MB* Online 


I» if ftiUjr naredrtad and 
highly luTeracrtw. You ’ 
am lake clams at any 
time anywhere you wait. 

The next session starts a 
Jan 9. 1996. A 




QUtfbrwIa State IMw ers tty. 
Dominguez HUs 



Your 
Global 
Business 
Future 

Fordham’s ’Dransnatfonal MBA (TMBA) Program enables busy professionals and managers io l^p 
tbeir fall-time job and receive a higii -quality MBA degree in less than 27 months. 

■ Students meet in New York one weekend a month for intensive study of complex international 
business issues and discussion of 1MBA Program Mursework. 

■ Between monthly class weekends, students utilize the latest interactive technology; such as die Internet, 
CD-ROM and computer-based video conferencing, to complete coursework and exchange kie». 

■ Students participate in three- fa five-day '’residentials," held at different sites around the world, to 
experience and stady cutting-edge business situations. Sites could range from Asia to Latin America . 
to Eastern Etanpo^vbererer the most current global business Issues can be studied first hand. 

■ 1MBA Courses include: Marketing Across Borders ■ Global Mindset ■ Marketing Strategy 

The TMBA Program Is designed for those on the fist track fa significant overseas and global 
business assignments. Gass size is limited to 35 students. Join ns at an information session 
to learn about die Fordham TMBA or call Gina Eicfaner Gnafi, Director of the TMBA Program, 
at 212-636-6167. 

TMBA Information Sessions 

Thursday Nwember 20 at 6:30 pjn. * Sainrda& December 6 from 1-3 pjn. 


E-mail; gtaa.dnaH®bhs.taeU(wdhanLedu • Web Site htq^/^lmetfonihanLedu 

H FORDHAM 

ai»6UAI* lOHOOL OK SDCIMlfS 

Lincoln Center and Tanytown 
























































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER IS. 1997 


SPONSORED SECTION 


S PON SI MvEH M < MON 


BS5 




Continued from previous pane 

known [ number 

number | 

- degrees 
offered 


student 

| number of accreditation 

for 1 of students 

of faculty 

| tuftfon 

body 

campuses 


>1 ESC Lyon (Lyon, France) 



mtanufiuiial 
marketing 
of advanced 
tedmofogies 


70 

(per year) 


(C r-vxr-v D/m 



in ternatio nal 
marketing of 
luxury brands 


40 70fuB-tfme 

Owyear) professors 


ESSEC-IMD {Paris, France) 


rngcuttural 50 70 

ly m global (per year} 


erstfymgiot 

corporation 


Executive MBA 


FF 97.000 16 national 

(12-montti 68% from Europe 

program) 


FFllOOOO 

(13-monfti 

program) 


FF 140000 lOnafionafitfesr 1 
75% from Europe 


number I numbs’ 
ofstudsits ] of faculty 


I HEC-ISA Uouy-en-Jcsas , France) 


ISO 

(per year) 



DUbINtbb jCHQQL (UESTRICH'WlNKEL GERMANY) 


integration of pradlcat 

experience and 
academic studies 
exchange programs 


)2fu!Mrme 

professors 


m Betriebswirt, DM7,700 5%-10% 

loro Kaufmann per semester foreign students 
{- MBA) 


Stated Hesse 


rCHOOL (Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States ) 


use of case studies and 880 
information technologies (peryeai) 

in instruction 


MBA, doctorates S2&35Qfyear 59 nationalities 


IESE (Barcelona, Spain) 


sendnai role fa 
disseranatmg expafise 
on modem MBA programs 


i part-time 


i IMD (Lausanne, Switzerland) 


muSadturat qtaroadu 83 45 

ways of sustaining (per year) 
global competitiveness 


MNSEAD (Fontainebleau, France) 


MenaHondsm and 
rigor of approach 


90 

permanent 


InSTITUTO DE EmprESA (Madrid, Spain) 


combining in f ormation for 
local and globd action 


international 


1 globd action 






1200000 
pesetas 
per year 

44% foreign 
studenli - 


SR. 39*000 

9) natfornUHu 






Building an Increasingly International Study Body 

MBA programs are recruiting foreign students and developing more international curricula in answer to the changing needs of business. 


F or years, US. MBA programs have been actively 
recruiting overseas students. Business schools of every 
stripe and at every level have been competing for 
foreign students, partly to enable U.S. students to experience 
and interact with people from other cultures and partly to add 
the cachet of an international student body to their schools. 

The competition has intensified, however, as virtually all 
business schools add international curricula or reorient ex- 
isting studies to take into account the realities ofa truly global 
economy. 

Overseas recruitment has now become atop priority for all 
schools. Just as schools emphasize international business, 
they also want a truly international student body. When those 
students return to their home countries, they add a global 
dimension to the schools' alumni rosters and become, in turn, 
a source of potential new international students. They also 
network with their American alumni, augmenting the 
school's reputation as a global player. 

“Obviously, the business world has become an inter- 


PSCHHER 

w' INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY 

MBA 

Master of Business Administration 


International Business . 

International Hotel and Tourism Management 

• Intensive, full-time, one year program 

• Part-time evening programs for working professionals 

• English is the language of retraction at aH campuses 

• MBA Preparatory Program 

• Experience Globalization while studying at Schiller - 
with students and faculty from over 100 countries. 

Courses begin January, June and September 
Applications still accepted Jbr programs starting January 1998 

SCHILLER INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY 
Admissions Office, Dept IHT711/97, Royal Waterloo House 
51-55 Waterloo Road, London SE1 SIX England 
Tel: (44) 171 925 8484 Fax: (44) 171 620 1226 
http:0www.schlller.eduf 
Accredited member AdCS, Washington, DC USA 
Ffcrtfc Stobowg Ports 

USA Prance Franca S a H aH ml 

London Hwfeberg Madrid 

En0M Oairany Sprti 


The bath MBA 

TELLS THE WORLD 
YOU MEAN 
BUSINESS 

From this exceptional academic environment comes an 
exceptional business qualification: the Bath MBA. 

The University of Bath School of Management is one of 
only five British MBA Schools to receive top Funding; 
Council ratings for both teaching and research. So you can 
be sure of excellent teaching, programme content and 
academic support. 

Our rigorous entry standards are designed not to promote 
elitism but to eliminate the ‘production line' approach. 
This enables a more personalised, interactive style of tuition 
to a quality mix of experienced and mature participants 
from all over the world. 



» :.m~, ....... 


7 : ~ Y - 

i ;xfjA v.'X* ; ; : . w vr v* - . v ,i : ■ -Mr- ■ n - O fta 


All S variants of the Bath MBA, FULL-TIME, EXECUTIVE 
and MODULAR, are accredited by The Association of 
MBAs. 

Fbr full details, including our regular Open DayVEvenings, 
contact us quoting Ref. IHTI/98. 

TeL +44 (0) 1225 826152/8262 1 1 

Rut: +44 (0)1225 826210 

Email- mba4nfo@ nMMg ie m ent.bail fc a c uk 

http^/wvwi»th^uk/Dq»rtments/Managenient 

School of Management. DepL HT101, University of Bath, 

Gaverton Down, Bath BAS 7A1J UK. 

UNIVEKSITTOF 

BATH 


SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT ' 


Advancing Learning and Knowlcdgc.in Aisociauon with 
Business and Industry. 



national marketplace,” says Paul Roberts, the director of 
adult admissions at Chicago's DePaul University. Overseas 
students add new perspectives to foe classroom and enable 
students to interact with other cultures, he adds. At DePaul, 
international students intern in foe United States, and U.S. 
students intern abroad. 

DePaul’s four-year-old MBA in international marketing 
and finance offers a demographic profile fairly typical of 
many U.S. schools: One-third of students are from outside 
foe United States. 

Reaching out to Asia and Latin America 
Hie goal of the international marketing and finance program 
is eventually to reach one-half. Currently, many students 
come from Europe, so the school is concentrating on other 
regions, particularly Asia and Latin America, which are 
particularly fertile ground for potential MBA students now. 

Both Mr. Roberts and Didi Wolff, administrative director 
for the international marketing and finance program, have 
traveled abroad extensively to recruit students. 

“One of foe biggest deterrents is not that we don't get 
enough applicants, but that they're not able to be admitted to 
this country,” says Mr. Wolff. The U.S. government’s 1-20 
form requires students to prove financial ability to pursue 
their education. 

Like Mr. Wolff and Ms. Roberts, Susan Rivera, ad- 
missions director at foe College of William and Mary, also 


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The 

World 

in your 

Class 


The Rotterdam School of Management’s MBA ( G e ne ral Management) and 
MBA/MBI (plus Information Technology) bring together participants from 
45 countries for an intensive 18 months English language ’hands-on* 
approach 00 management. 

If yon are interested in an MBA program which offers you the unique 
possibility to work and oudy with students from all over the world, yon 
will find the Rotterdam School of Management an excellent choice. 



travels outside the United States frequently on recruiting 
missions. As at DePaul, financial considerations can be a 
concern: The oldest college in foe United States, William oral 
Mary is a state school, so students who don't live in Virginia 
pay higher out-of state foes. In addition to financial aid, at 
least five non-U.S. students usually become graduate as- 
sistants, which enables them to be eligible for lower in-state 

fees ($6,000, as opposed to $16,000). 

Ms. Rivera has attended forums in Frankfurt and Paris 
hosted by GMAC the graduate business school council, 
which administers the GMAT test (Upcoming GMAC for- 
ums will be held in Mexico City, Madrid, Singapore, Hong 
Kong and Tokyo.) She found that most students there were 
straight out of undergraduate school and interested mainly in 
fast-track MBAs, whereas most U.S. schools require “real- 
life’' experience for admission to an MBA program. 

Where to find them 

With so many admissions directors recruiting abroad, 
“There’s a joke that if you want to find some admissions 
people, you’re more likely to find them in a capital in Asia or 
South America than on their own campuses," says Dick 
Kwanler, publisher of MBA Newsletter. 

Overseas students are also sought by second-tier U.S. 
business schools. “Where the marquee-value schools in this 
country have no problem attracting applicants,” Mr. 
Kwartler notes, “other schools have to struggle to get 
applicants. So it makes sense to market overseas, where 
they're not as developed as foe US. for business schools.” 

Once they return to their home countries, alumni can aid 
admissions directors by conducting off-campus interviews. 
“Once back home, schools utilize them as contacts,” Mr. 
Kwartler says. “It creates an international Rolodex of people 
who are supporters of the school.” 

Christa Crawford works in Vermont for Salzburg Sem- 
inars, which recruits actively among working executives. 
The 50-year-old program primarily consists of Europeans, 
but several .Americans participate each year. Salzburg mails 
30,000 brochures each year, mainly to alumni and former 
faculty. Steve Weinstein 


In Rome, foe University offas 
degree programs leading ro a Masters in: 

Government and Politics 

(MJl) 

wifo asprriaTnarion in International 
Relations and Comparative Government 

or 

Business Administration 

(MJ3JL) 

with specializations in 
International Finance or Marketing 

Language of instruction: English 

Accredited counts 
Pan time or full tune 
Evening courses offered 

Please call +396-636937 for information 
ore-mail: mapiiflt&qohns^du 



St. Iohvs 

UNIVERSITY 

ffmgnB 

KOMI ( VMPl'S 
Piintiliati Oratorio 
<!i S.isi I'iaro 

Vi.? S. \u-i.i V.nli,-. trio.- 22 2-4 
(I01(o R , Uxlh 

NF.V VORK C AMPUS 
S'll.l'i ( topi.i P.irku.iv 
N’l 11 I W CS\ 
“18 1-* 

YOC AP.F JWTITO TO 
AIT I NI) AN 

Imormwion Mitt I \ t, 
-vi oi l: Roy, i Cw.et/s 
on \< >\ 1 Min n 26, 1997 
vi 6.00 pm. 



University of California. Riverside 


ftnEBBMJmM. PROffiSnONAL Bbogmms 


COMPUTER CEAKOCS 

■ Cowore Qhhk Dm Owmo 13 - km sq 

MANAGEMENT 

.tankwhmBDiMio.i.n 

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Advice to the Decision-Torn 

Choice has come to Continental Europe's business edu- 
cation scene, bringing with it new options and new 
quandaries for graduating high school and college stu- 
dents and for executives of ad ages and ranks. 

The (fooice Is between Europe's public-sector universit- 
ies and the diplomas, doctorates and other traditional 
degrees they offer, and the growing number of privately 
owned ones, which provide BAs, MBAs and other "new 
degrees.” 

The content and level of instruction supplied by these 
private universities vary greatly, as do the nature of the* 
accreditation, total costs and methods of course schedul- 
ing. Also vaiying greatly are the expectations and attitudes 
of the business students’ future or present employer t, 
many of which prire an MBA, especially if it goes hand-m- 
hand with a stint abroad in a "hands-on" teaming situ- 
ation. Viewing foe new universities as unproven, other 
employers, however, prefer to place their trust in the 
products of their countries’ venerable systems of pro- 
fessional education. 

Experts are needed who can counsel foe future stu- 
dents on which qualifications employers are demanding 
and which universities can best provide them. 

“Actually, foe job of qualification counseling entails 
quite a bit more than that” says Harms Koufmarm. 
managing director of Germany’s Business Education Con- 
sulting and pioneer practitioner of the emerging profes- 
sion. "Each person counseled has hightyindi wdual needs, 
skBis, occupational experiences and wishes. These must 
be considered when formulating a suggestion as to a 
future course of study.” 

Further complicating the work of the qualification courv 
setorsisthelackofapenfcalaccradi^ "This lack 
and the constant, teqhnotogycaused changing of curricula 
ahcL employer preferences mandates maintaining dose 
contact with business schools.” adds Mr. Kaufmann. 

It’s a big job. Germany alone has 361 institutions of 
higher leaning, counting polytechnics and postsecondary 
commercial academies. Needy all of them offer some form 
of business education. This is a morn specialty of the 19 
privately owned universities. The job is too big. apparently, 
for the qualification counselors to do more than cover their 
individual countries. But that situation may be changing, 
thanks to the advent of EQUIS. 

Created by the Brussels-based EFMD (European Foun- 
dation for Management Development). EQUIS (European 
Quality Improvement System) is intended to be a transna- 
tionally applicable procedure for foe auditing of business 
schools. Schools undergoing and passing this procedure 
(done on a voluntary basis) will be awarded the European 
Quality Label, equivalent in scope and reputation to foe 
American AACSB and British AMBA ones. 

The EQUIS process is now being implemented by 18 
leading business schools and is being supported, via 
EFMD, by a large number of companies. Says Mr. 
Kaufmann: "Corporations are. after all. major consumers 
of professional education, sendirq* their staff members to 
business schools for further qualification. And these 
companies most definitely want to have objective criteria 
informing them about the quality of the product being 
bought.” TS. 


“International Bi siness Edu ation" 
was produced in its entirely fry the Adxvrtusing Department 
of the IntenuuiiHuil HcruLl Tribune. 

Writers: Julia Clerk in San Dii-gn, Joduui Jamfvl ttnJ 
Michael Rowe in Paris. Pamela Ann Smith tn IrmJtm. Terry 
Swartzbcrg in Munich and Stew Hcinsieui in ;\Vv* Jut 4. 
Proorvm Director: Bill Mu/nhr 


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MBA Career Guide 

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The Masters Degree Gets Speciauzed 


Technology: Also in Search of Managers 


The gxrwing trend for more focused post- 
graduate training has spawned a new niche 
market for business schools: specialized 
master’s degrees. Colleges recognized that 
there was a demand for more practically 
oriented postgraduate programs that kept 
high academic standards. Their existing 
courses, they realized, were not meetly 
corporate needs. 

The schools didn't necessarily see this 
by themselves. Management institutions 
tracfitionaliy work closely with industry and 
regularly poll companies to find out what 
they like and don’t like about their gradu- 
ates. It's one way schools keeptheirfingers 
on the pulse of the marketplace. Compa- 
nies are, after all, the true end-users of 
management education. 

Lately, companies have been clamoring 
for courses that are more customized to 
their industries. Schools, which are always 
seeking a broader product portfolio to offer 
their clientele, are scrambling to provide 
targeted teaching with more practical, 
handson, onsite learning. The aim is not 
only to better blend theory with practice, but 
also to turn out graduates who can be 
effective as soon as they step inside the 
company door. 

Between BA and MBA 

Some new master's degrees offer business 
fundamentals for students fresh out of col- 

|ggg » T 

Specialized master’s degrees dHer^tte- 1 ' 
baste elements of an MBA, but with a lighter 
workload. They target younger students. 
The MBA’s average age Is 32. while a 
master’s Is 22. 

These candidates have freshly com- 
pleted an undergraduate course and want 
business training, but are unable to grt Into 
an MBA program because they lack the 
required work experience. 

Britain is out in front with specialized 
masters, though some French schools have 
also Joined the bandwagon. All are insti- 
tutions that offer traditional MBAs. 

This year, Ash ridge Management Col- 
lege, which has its own consulting arm. 
launched a new, part-time master’s In or- 
ganization consulting. In London, both Im- 
perial College Management School and 
London Business School now offer a mas- 
ter's in finance degree. 

The Imperial course made its debut In 
October. LBS, which devised Its program for 
okJer and more experienced managers, 
says increased sophistication In the finan- 
cial world, coupled with students' desire to 
gain experience in the City of London, cre- 
ated demand for their program, which has 


an acceptance rate of .one out of every 11 
applications. , 

TWo ‘top British universities, Bath and 
Durham, are going even further, developing 
entire series of focused master’s degrees. 
The University of Bath last year made avafl- 
abie a master's in management, and it is 
building other programs around it In 
September it launched a master's in stra- 
tegic information systems, and two more 
degree programs are ready to debut next 
year, in human resources aid in supply 
management. 

Says Paul Cousins, program director at 
Bath: “The purchasing profession has un- 
dergone big- changes as emphasis shifts 
from purchasing as a commercial function 
to the management of supply. Managers 
need to understand how the supply chain 
can be managed." 

Durham university plans to offer an MSc 
Master of Science) degree (in entrepren- 
eurship beginning in the fall of 1998, with 
four more specialized sister degrees to be 
phased in over the next five years. All will be 
12 -month, foil- and parttime courses, and 
will focus on management, marketing, fi- 
nance and human resources. 

“In a UK market that has hit a plateau, 
we feel we can do healthy business into the 
next century with specialist programs.” 
says David Stoker, executive director of 
faqgftt 'degree programs' tat Durham Ur#- 
Vers^Businesfc School' He'precfie&tifet - 
! friti neiypfograms win help attract specfcdfet 
staff, who Merfoed into the general degree 
course. 

A brfraneabe “v; • 

In France, ESC Rouen Tias-freeri offering- 
mast&es spdcfefis fe ljorlO year$.Thdugh 
reserved for studenteafready bolding post- 
graduate diplomas, these 12month pro- 
grams also take th^practical approach and 
are built around the^sche&’s ties wife busi- 
ness. 7hes%;degreis are^fvaHablefo such 
ri arrovwrfche ^sectors as the food industry, 
logistics and transp^^banking janffji- 
nance, and a hewS^gsej.for PbCshSsfo- 
dents, which Is in 

Gdansk. 

In a recent poll /dfc300 graduates, stu- 
dents declared their, degree a good step- 
pingstone toward landing a job. Ninetytwo 
percent have found Wc^s since Jeavb^jESC 
Rouen, while 41 percent felt their degree 
was what earned theta their bonus of be- 
tween 15,000 and 20,000 French francs 
($2,50043.400) upon sighing with their 
first firm. Average starting salaries range 
from 170,000 to 190, 000 french francs. 

. Joshua Jampol 


Programs focusing on information systems are providing a crucial link in the management chain. 


A s e-mail, the Internet 
and tire Web become 
standard features 
used by companies and their 
employees around the world, 
toe management of technol- 
ogy and of information sys- 
tems (IS) is taking on added 
importance in business edu- 
cation. 

Business and manage ment 
schools arc responding to the 
challenge by offering spe- 
cialized degrees in IS and by 
providing new services 
based on partnerships with 
high-tech companies and 
consultants. 

“Overall spending on in- 
formation technology has 
tripled over toe past five 
years, and further substantia] 
increases are predicted in toe 
future,” reports Professor 
David Target*, professor of 
IS at toe School of Man- 
agement at toe University of 
Bath in Britain. In toe United 
States, the Department of 
Labor estimates that 80 per- 
cent of new jobs created over 
. thenext 10 jrearswfll involve 
new and expanded.lechhol- 
ogies. 

“Technology isn’t just 
about information technol- 
ogy anymore, it’s much 
broader,” notes Patricia 
Flipsen, manager for Re- 
cruitment and Training at 
UJ5. consultants Arthur D. 
Little's office in toe Neth- 
erlands. “It’s about informa- 
tion management and finding 
new markets.” 

Bath’s School of Manage- 
ment launched a new MSc in 
Management and Strategic 
Information Systems in May, 
and by the opening of term 
this autumn bad recruited 25 
students, half of whom are 
drawn from countries outside 
Britain, including China, 
Taiwan, Malaysia, Iran, Ni- 
geria and Greece. 

Intenfisdptinarian 
The degree is unusual in that 
students do not need a first 
degree in either business or 
computer studies to apply. It 


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r ktesabhus8tts Institute of Technology's 
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COMPUTER SCIENCES • SYSTEMS - DESIGN 
MATERIALS - CONTROL * BIOTECHNOLOGY 
• MANAGEMENT - 

-iA A . j . . . . 

For furfoer rtXTTrafian, pteasecortact 
MT Professional SrsliMB 

77 Massachusetts AreL, 8201, Cambridge, MA 021394307 
Phone: 617-25821 01 ;fex: 617-253-8042 


Massachusetts Institute of sechnolcgy 


is open to graduates from any 
discipline and allows them to 
focus their studies on both 
toe technical and manage- 
ment aspects of information 
systems, depending on their 
background. 

“Modem graduates need 
to be equipped to operate at 
toe interface between man- 
agement and technology 
within an or ganiza tion,” says 
Professor TaigetL “The aim 
is not to replace toe technical 
specialists, but to liaise with 
and manage them.” 

Students are also given an 
option to include courses 
linking the management of 
IS with toe management of 
toe supply chain, all toe way 
from manufacturing through _ 
distribution to the final cus- 
tomer. In this way, they are 
better able to understand toe 
importance of leveraging toe 
value of information across 
toe entire c hain. 

Moreover; as companies 
increasingly outsource their 
supply of goods and services 
ana as toe supply ^chain ex- 
pands to include collaborat- 
ive strategies between groups 
of companies and consult- 
ants, the MSc students at 
Bath will be encouraged to 
emphasize information sys- 
tems that “enable toe transfer 
of information between 
companies that are not ho- 
mogeneous,” says Richard 
Lamming, professor of pur- 
chasing and supply manage- 
ment This will also help 
them to “develop systems for 
information technology, 
products or sendees which 
require shared innovation 


and a climate of transpar- 
ency,” he adds. 

Elsewhere, toe William E. 
Simon Graduate School of 
Business Administration in 
Rochester, New York offers 
an IS management concen- 
tration as part of its special- 
ized MSc in Business Ad- 
ministration. It aims to 
recruit professionals — on 
either a fell- or part-time 
basis — who are committed 
to careers in IS but who need 
management expertise. 

Both the principles of 
management and an under- 
standing of toe modem tech- 
nical aspects of IS are em- 
phasized in order to help toe 
student facilitate the integra- 
tion of IS into an organi- 
zation. 

IS conferences 
At toe University of Navarra 
in Barcelona, IESE (toe In- 
ternational Graduate School 
of Management) is cooper- 
ating with toe Strategic Man- 
agement Society (SMS), 
which is based -at Purdue 
University in West Lafayette, 


At tw Dgbrecsi Suhbi School, 
Hungary (fouoed w 1927) 

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Indiana. Together, they seek 
to offer conference facilities 
covering the management of 
information technology and 
networks. 

“We have an important 
challenge in front of us,” 
Professor Joan Enric Ricart 
explains. This is “to develop 
new concepts and new ideas 
to help set toe research and 
practice agenda for the stra- 
tegic management of orga- 
nizations competing in an in- 
creasingly independent and 
interconnected world.” 

Guest speakers at toe 
school’s latest event, held in 
early October, included in- 
ternational academics, busi- 
ness executives and consult- 
ants from the United States, 
Britain, Italy, France, 


Sweden, the Czech Republic, 
Hong Kong. Chile and 
Spain. 

As companies around the ' 
world seek to use informa- 
tion systems to reach new-* 
customers, increase their 
competitiveness and im-" 1 
prove efficiency, graduates 1 
with a specialized know-- 
lcdge of both management 
and information technology ' 
will find their own career op- J 
portunities enhanced. So, *- 
too, will those already cm-' 1 
ployed in management or in" 
technology who seek to cn- ■ 
sure that they arc prepared- 
for the changes these systems 
are already producing, both, 
globally and in their home 
markets. ;i 

Pamela Ann Smith •! 



The most inspiring 
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'•/<//. //> I. >S SS /\ /.\ l!/ 




SPONSORED SECTION 


ENTERNAXtONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY NOVHWffiKR X^WW 


:H ).\Si sl.i \ JON 


NTERNATIONAL BUSINESS E 


Continued from previow page 






known I number 

far 1 ofshxfenfs 

number 1 
offbeufly | 

degrees 

offered 

tuition | 

student 

body 

Inumberof 1 Kuafitafion 
campuses 1 



j United Business Institutes (Brussels, Belgium) 


University of Pennsylvania Wharton Sc hoc 


“rtwnultaHS management 20-25 
global lax plaining On-year) 



I University of Bath (Bath, Britain) 


MBA 

BFt28&000 

20%faragn 


plussubfect 

fees 

students 



University of Virginia Colgate Darden G-a. 


muttWradc oppruach 

45 

to augmenting expertise 

(peryear) 



1 University of Bristol (Bristol Britain 


MBA 

£9,250 

12 rnticBuRties, 

\ 

AMBA 


0Mme) 

65% from Europe 





outward-bound 

50 

59 

MBAbilrfamafional 

£1Z000 

25% Europe, 

1 

group activities 

(peryear) 


Business, PhD 

• 

25% Amcnca 
30% Far East 




1 University OF Manchester (Manchester, Britain) 


integrating executive 
education wfSi needs of 

116 

individual corporations 




MBA, MBA for lawyers £1WWQ(EU) 
£19,000- 
(nan-EU) . 


] University of Oxford (Oxford, Britain) 


Small business growth 60 

(per year) 






MBA customized to 
meet European needs 



■ ‘t‘ i* 'i - 


USW UNIVERSI ; ATSScMiNAR D E P v'V I P TSC m A t - i (c 


Warwick Business School (Coventry, Britain) 


Wirtschaftsuniversitat Vienna (Vienna, Aj-ari.o 


WlSSENSCHAFTUCHE HOCHSCHULE FU R U NTE RN E H .V;E NSFU ! 


» lh | 


MBA Forum Growth Targets Europe 


MBA forums are one of the ideal ways for 
business schools to promote themselves. 
They use the forums to canvass potential 
students, who take advantage of the event 
to visit stands and taft to dozens of in- 
stitutions under one roof and in one af- 
ternoon. 

In Europe, until recently, the main fair has 
been the GMAC (Graduate Management 
Admission Council), which tours Paris and 
Frankfurt once a year. It is, however, de- 
voted mainly to American schools. Europe’s 
top management institutes were after 
something more. 

They seem to have found it in Kaplan, the 
global center that prepares students forthe 
GMAT (Graduate Management Admissions 
Test, which is owned and directed by the 
GMAC), the required exam for entry to most 
business schools around the world. Kaplan 
began its own fair, called Euro-MBA Day, 
three years ago. Most of Europe’s fop 
schools attended, and they keep coming 
back. 


Kaplan has just wrapped up its first pan- 
European MBA road show. In one week, it 
brought the fair to five tides, many for the 
first time, including Amsterdam (Nov. 8), 
Munich (Nov. 11), Geneva (Nov. 13), Paris 
(Nov. 15) and London (Nov. 17). None of 
these cities, except the last two, has been 
the site of much MBA promotional activity, 
“if all goes well, we’ll take it to Barcelona 
and Milan next year," promises director- 
Matt Symonds. 

Participating schools included Europe’s 
top-flight institutions from Britain. Italy, 
Fiance, Spain, Belgium, Switzerland, the 
Netherlands, Norway, Hungary, Italy and 
Austria, or a total of 70 schools, which 
makes Kaplan the largest European MBA 
program fair. 

The Kaplan fairs are important because 
they allow European schools to get equal 
space. ‘The Kaplan fairs get a better profile 
for European schools,” says Colin Gordon, 
director of European affairs forthe Cranfield 
School of Management in England. JJ. 


Targeting Asia’s Students and Subject Matter j 

US. MBA programs are teaming up with Asian institutions to supply this region with managerial expertise . ; 


A s part of efforts to 
augment business 
management devel- 
opment in Asia, several 
Western universities are join- 
ing forces with Asian insti- 
tutions to offer graduate de- 
gree courses within die 
region. 

“This is happening be- 
cause of the shortage of bi- 
cultural and bilingual exec- 
utives who understand how 
Western businesses think and 
work,” says Andrew Tsui, 
managing director (Hong 
Kong) of Kom/Ferry Inter- 
national, an executive 
headhunting firm. “Under- 


world. That’s why these 
courses are available and are 
much sought-after by region- 
ally based executives to con- 
tinue to update themselves on 
what is happening in die 
Western world” 

Some of these ventures are 
already well-established 


generating high wages. A re- 
cent report by the Econom- 
ist Intelligence Unit lists four 
American schools among the 
top five worldwide in highest 

• . . ■ !__■ _ Jl* 


fledged EMBA alumni of these partnership schools am# 
both universities upon gradu- benefit from Kelloggs! 
ation.” “globalized network. ” } 


anon. 

Dean Donald Jacobs of 
Kellogg says that HKUST 


average starting salaries of was selected for the first 


recent MBA graduates. 

Starting in January, Kel- 
logg Graduate School of 


Asian program because it 
provides a “perfect partner 
tor that part of the world We 
are very excited" Mr. Jacobs 
describes the brand new. SI 
billion university — founded 
with a grant from the Hong 
Kong Jockey Club — as a 
“world-class facility.” 

Professor Chan says de- 
mand fortheprqgram is “tre- 
mendous. “ Thirty senior ex- 


The Malaysian Institute of Management at Northwest- 
Management established a 


program with Britain’s Uni- 
versity of Bath a full decade 
ago. This two-year, part-time 
course contains similar the- 
oretical content to Bath's 
home MBA degrees, but cur- 
ricula are placed in the 
Malaysian context One- 




Asia-Pacific curricula > 
Even programs not based in! 
the region are trying to attract; 
more Asian students and ib-j 
cus their curricula more 
closely on Asia-Pacific top- 
ics. 

A portion of a S35 million 
grant to the University ei 
Southern California's Man 
shall Business School has. 
been recommitted to the Pa* 
cific Rim. with the Pacific 
Rim Education Program now' . 






standing the cultural nuances third of teaching input is 
of doing business in Asia is provided by Bath faculty. 


critical to the success of mul- 
tinationals in this part of the 


provided by Bath faculty, em University in Illinois will 
who travel to Malaysia to join forces with the new 





undertake residential 
courses. Students also travel 
to Bath for intensive periods 
of training. 


em University in Illinois mil have been admitted so for. 
join forces with the new with some participants.com- 
Hong Kong University of muting from Shanghai, That- 
Science and Technology land and Malaysia for the 


ecutives, with an average of part of the mandatory MBA 
14 years of work experience, curriculum. Earlier this year, 


riM 


innm rosirnrrc of mmm m mmaam 

An exclusive private Institute in Seditmering. Austria 


American stampede 
Many U.S.-based education- 
al institutions are now break- 
ing into the Asian scene. The 
demand for. American MBA 
degrees is high, helped no 


(HKUST) to offer an Exec- weekend residential 
utive Master ofBieiness Ad- gram, which v 
ministration (EMBA) de- a month for 
grec. “The Kelfogg-HKSUT addition, there 
EMBA is the first-ever part- weeks at HK1 
nership of its kind in Asia," logg. Employ* 
says Yuk-Shee Chan, dean of. is required for 
the HKUST School of Busi- . Kellogg, air 
ness and ManageorieoL “The itac EMBA p 


gram, which will meet twice countries. 


all 249 first-year MBA stu- 
dents were sent abroad tij 
study, at manufacturing,’ 
banking or marketing 
companies in Pacific Rim 




a month for two years. In 
addition, there will be live-in 
weeks at HKUST and Ket- 


Manshall Is now conccn-. 
trailing on Asia and Latin 

America because it expectsr 

. 1 


logg. Employer sponsorship that most of the world's cco- 


rm GRADUATES HAVE GOT FT! 
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FUM offers high school graduates: 


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^ 5 

a ®z 
— ? E 

“ si 

c 

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Q. 

CD 

CO 

to 

ffl 

Q_ 


is* doubt by their reputation for participants will become full- 


is required for application- 
. Kellogg, already has sim- 
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die Recanati Graduate 


noraic expansion in the next! 
century will occur in those 
seas. Viewing this strategy 
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\ypj)i lj* fji 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


PAGE 15 


EUROPE 





^U.K. Won’t Get Spot on Euro Policy Panel 



" By Barry James ' 

, Intemjhonul Herald Tribun e 

. BRUSSELS — Britain learned the 
hard way Monday the cost of staying 
aloof from the European single cu£ 
rertty, the euro when its neighbors 
said zt would not be welcome to join a 
new council that would coordinate 
the policies of Euro members. 

. finance Minister Theo Waigel of 

Germany accused Britain and other 
countries that are staying out of die 
Euro in effect of wanting to have 
jtheir cake and eat it too. 

“On the one hand they want to 
stay out,” he said, “on the other 
they want to be on the inside.” 

■ The issue arose as European Union 

finance ministers met in Brussels to 

United Biscuits 
* Leaves Australia 
Via PepsiCo Deal 

Reuters 

LONDON — United Bis- 
cuits PLC pulled out erf Aus- 
tralia on Monday, selling its 
snack business there to PepsiCo 
Inc., and swapped its European 
snacks operations for a Pep- 
siCo's snack business there in a 
deal valued at £241 million 
l$408.5 million). 

The British food company’s 
shares finished up 25 J> pence, at 
219.5. as brokers called the deal 
a clever way to avoid a po- 
tentially damaging fight for mar- 
ket share with the U.S. giant 

* "Strategically this looks like 
a sensible deal.” Carl Short of 
SocGen Crosby Securities said. 

United Biscuits got Biscuit- 
erie Natal se of France in ex- 
change for its snack operations 
in France and Belgium and some 
trademarks in the Netherlands. 


prepare a meeting on unemployment 
mis weekend in Brussels. 

7^ Labour government of Prime 
Munster Tony Blair, while warmer to 
European integration than the former 
C ® nscrva tive administration, has 
ruled out joining the euro in the life- 
Ume of the current Parliament, which 
means that a decision would not be 
tBade until after the launching of enro 
Dotes and coins in 2002. 

But while Britain has inflated its 
economy and allowed die poind to 
slide against the Deutsche mart and 
other currencies — a powerful factor 
in its economic recovery — other EU 
members have been tightpnfng their 
belts to meet fee strict criteria re- 
quired to join the monetary system. 
They argue that since Britain has not 


shared these sacrifices and is not will- 
ing to join in fee risks of launching fee 
enro, it should not enjoy fee benefits 
of being on fee new committee. 

The F rench finance minister, - 
Dominique Strauss-Kahn, argued 
feat closer coordination among coun- 
tries sharing a single currency was 
“indispensable” and feat he had no 
words of comfort for countries feat 

for political reasons bad decided to 
remain outside the euro system. 

Eleven of the EU’s 15 countries 
are expected to be included when 
members of the euro are selected 
next spring on the basis of their 
economic performance this year. 

Along wife Britain, Sweden and 
Denmark also are sitting on the fence. 
EU officials do not expect Greece to 


be able to meet the economic criteria, 
but it is making major efforts to catch 
up with its EU partners. 

The Council of fee Euro is being 
set up at French insistence and has 
been accepted by Germany. 

■ Jobs Pressure on Bonn 

Germany came under pressure 
Monday to lift its opposition to EU- 
wide employment targets being 
adopted at a special jobs summit of 
fee bloc's leaders, Agence France- 
Presse reported from Brussels. 

At talks intended to complete 
preparations for the Luxembourg 
summit, German ministers repeated 
Bonn’s view feat employment 
policy was essentially a matter for 
national governments, not fee EU. 


BA Files Its Budget Flight Plan 

Competitors Threaten Legal Action Over New No-Frills Carrier 


Carprird by Our SufFrawOvadia 

LONDON — British Airways 
PLC presented a plan Monday for a 
no-fnlls, low-fare airline, prompt- 
ing renewed threats of legal action 
from potential competitors. 

Under BA's plan, called Oper- 
ation Blue Sky, the new airline would 
be based at Stansted Airport, north of 
London, and would serve cities in 
Italy, Spain, Scandinavia, France and 
Germany wife eight second-hand 
leased Boeing 737-300 aircraft 

BA said it hoped fee airline — 
which would compete wife budget 
operators such as Ryanair, EasyJet, 
Air UK and Debonair — would offer 
air travelers the same type of service 
that the Swedish retailer IKEA 
provided in fee homo-furnishings 
market 

"‘I fed very strongly feat Europe is 
ready for an airline brand which is in 
fee same category as IKEA is for 
furniture,” said Barbara Cassani, 
chief executive of the as-yet un- 


named airline. "It’s modem, good 
quality, but it's at a great price, and 
you know what you are going to 
get.” 

Rivals charged that BA’s move 
was a predatory act designed to force 
them out of business. 

“It looks like they’re setting up a 
hit squad.” said Franco Mancas- 
sola, chairman of Debonair Hold- 
ings PLC, a London-based carrier 
started last year. “I don’t think this 
should be allowed — the only rea- 
son they’re doing this is to eliminate 
competition.” 

He said Debonair would “look at 
every legal means at our disposal” 
to stop the plan. 

EasyJet ’s chairman and founder, 
Stelios Haji-Ioannou, has also 
threatened to sue BA if it starts a low- 
cost carrier. He said last month that a 
new carrier, char ging below-cost 
prices, woald amount to an abuse of 
BA's dominant position under fee 
European Union's Treaty of Rome. 


“We’re worried about the anti- 
competitive angle,” said James 
Rofenie, EasyJet’s marketing direc- 
tor. He said EasyJet planned to ex- 
amine whether BA would use its 
own reservation system or link any 
other operations with the planned 
low-cost airline. 

Virgin Group, which operates 
Virgin Express and has clashed wife 
BA over airport slots and marketing, 
said it would support any complaints 
to the European Commission. Ana- 
lysts said BA's move, which could 
also anger its unions, demonstrated 
BA’s concern about the growing 
competition from budget airlines. 

“It's a defensive move into wbat 
certainly can’t be a very high-mar- 
gin business,” said Kevin Fogarty, 
an analyst at Daiwa Europe. “But 
strategically, it's something they're 
probably better off doing than not if 
they fear feat competitors are hitting 
fee main scheduled business.” 

(Reuters, Bloomberg) 


LGT Decides 
To Sell Off 
Funds Units 


Carpibdty Our Sag Fiam Dapaxbrs 

ZURICH — Liechtenstein Global 
Trust, a Liechtenstein bank, said 
Monday it was seeking a buyer for its 
LGT Asset Management division — 
a sale that could generate as much as 
$ 1.2 billion — to focus on managing 
money for wealthy individuals. 

The move marks a reversal of the 
bank’s strategy. Just over a year ago, 
LGT was putting the finishing 
touches on a $300 million purchase 
of the U.S. institutional fund man- 
ager Chancellor. 

Chancellor is one of the units LGT 
put up for sale Monday, along wife 
GT Global Mutual Funds, which is 
based in San Francisco and in Bri- 
tain. No buyer has yet been named. 

The sale could be fee industry’s 
second-biggest transaction this year, 
behind Zurich Group's SI. 7 billion 
purchase of Scudder. Stevens & 
Clark Inc. Transactions are sweep- 
ing fee business as banks, insurers 
aria brokerage firms covet fee fees 
that portfolio managers earn. 

* ‘In light of the rapid consolidating 
and merging of several large asset- 
management firms, we believe dial 
LGT is no longer the best parent to 
further develop the considerable op- 
portunities available to the asset- 
management business," said LGT's 
chairman and chief executive. Prince 
Philipp von und zu Liechtenstein. 

Analysts welcomed the move, 
saying it would give LGT more lat- 
itude in the lucrative private-bank- 
ing sector, especially if LGT can 
find a suitable target. 

“It's a bit embarrassing that they 
have to sell just a year after they 
bought Chancellor.*' said 
Madeleine Hofmann, an analyst at 
Credit Suisse Group. “Stilt it’s 
courageous to make the decision, 
and it seems to be fee right one.” 

( Bloomberg . Reuters) 


Frankfurt 

0 ax . 

4500- — - 
4300— fV 

4100-/1 

3900- / — “ 


•'■■■! London 

FTSEIOO; Index 

.5500 — 


Paris 

CAC40 

3100 — v— 

3000 h 

2900-/1 Ml 
2800 if I 

2700 r 


3500 j-J-A S 


Btthaoge 

Amsterdam 
BmasefaT 
Frankfurt ' 
Copenhagen 
HetelnfcJ 

Oslo " : 

La ndon ■ 
Madrid ■ 

Paris 

Stockholm . 
. .Vienna , 
Zurich • 
Source: Telekuts 


OTT 4500 J ‘ITA S O N 


1 J J A SON 

1997 


AEX 

B£L 20 

PAX 

Stock Mart®* 

HEX< 3 «tertS. 

oey 

FTSS 1 Q 0 
Stock Exchange 
MtBTEt ~ 
CAC 40 
SX -16 
ATX 


Monday Prev. . % 

..Close Close. Change 
377.03 ' 852.05 +2.93 

22&J5r 2316.42 +2L23 
jjgjUBt 3,73094 +1.71 
617.07 613.15 +0.64 

3,428j0& 3,333.08 +2.35 
674.74 668.35 +0.86 

4^67-QG 4,741.80 +2.64 
571.00 564.15 +3.04 

15135 14852 +1.91 

2,77259 2,696.04 +£85 

3,120.46 3,031.17 +2.95 
1,262,13 1,251,43 +0.66 

3^>13-22 3,439.84 +2.13 

lmrnuiuml Herald Tritonc 1 


Very brief lys 

• Fasa Renault SA, the Spanish unit of fee French carmaker; 
said nine-month profit soared to 729 million pesetas ($5 mil- 
lion) from 222 million pesetas a year earlier as its sales in Spain 
rose 13.4 percent. Total sales rose 1.2 percent to 550.1 billion 
pesetas despite a slump in exports, especially to France. 

• British Steel PLC’s first-half profit fell a smaller-than- 
expected 46 percent, to £95 million (S161 million), as the 
strong pound undercut prices received for steel sold abroad. ; 

• Beatrix Mines Ltd.’s shareholders agreed to financing 
plans that opened the way for the South African company to be 
used as the vehicle for Goidco. fee merged gold assets of Gold 
Fields of South Africa Ltd. and Gencor Ltd. 

• Spain nominated Pedro Solbes, a former finance minister, 
for consideration as president of the European Bank for 
Reconstruction and Development. The current president; 
Jacques de Larosiere, is due to step down in January. 

• Banque Bruxelles Lambert SA’s board approved a $4.68 

billion takeover bid by ING Groep NV after major share- 
holders said they supported fee offer. Bhwmturs. Reuters 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


High Low Ossa Pray. 


HW Low dose Prev. 


Kfefa Low Close Prey. 


■J* 



Monday, Now. 17 

Prices In local currencies. 

Tefekuts 

High Law dose Pray. 

Amsterdam 

Prevtoas: 85285 


ABN-AMRO 
Aegon 
Ahold 
Akza Nobel 
Burn Ca 

Bah Wesson 

CSMcva 

DonttscftePel 

DSM 

Ebevier 

Forts Arne* 

Getronfcs 

G-Braecvn 

Hogemejer 

Hemcken 

Hoogovensam 

HwuOauqki 

INC Group 

KLM 

KNPBT 

KPN 

NedloydGp 
Nutrtda 
Oce Golden 
PhMps Elec 


38X0 39 JO 38 
IAS 167 JO 16X50 
SO 51.10 mso 
336 341 331 

13X60 137.10 130.90 
3030 30 JO 30.10 


RWE 

SAPpM 

Sdiering 

SGL Carbon 

Siemens 

Springer [AxeD 

Suedzudrer 

Br 

VEW 

Vbg 


Msk Law 
80 79 J0 
4W 488 
16130 161 

227 

10X20 10040 
1350 1350 
880 872 

412 409 JO 
9645 95l20 
4« 590 

900 890 

926 913 


One Prev. 

■> 79 

49QJ0 483X0 
16130 157 

WASP 226 
10090 100.90 
1350 1325 

872 883 

40*1.90 413 

96 JO 95X5 
600 58X75 
993 86X50 
931 906 


BSWB 136 

BrOSieri 1.60 

art! Telecom 467 

BTR X04 

Burmah Casta* 10.40 

Burton Gp 1.43 

Cable Wireless SJ2 

CaSbUTf Setter 6.14 

CartanGomm 180 

Corrari Union 7.78 

Compass Gp LAO 

Courtauids XB8 

Dbons AS0 

EKckocrenpcoenis *28 
EMI Group £30 


103 413 403 

145 1X0 145 

441 441 459 

156 X02 136 

10 1020 10 

1.41 142 141 

497 SlI3 5.13 


Bat Comm Ikd 4900 4800 4850 4680 PeugeotOI 

Bca FWeurora 6885 6685 6780 6540 Ptoaufl-Print 

Bard] Roma 1600 1572 1590 1540 Pi u ti u de s 

Bendkfl 25700 25050 25700 25050 Renorit 

Credlto Itolono 4400 4315 4325 4270 Read 

Edison 9370 9260 9295 9240 Rh-PoutencA 

ENI 10265 10140 10160 9950 Sanofl 


649 616 621 629 ABBA 

2865 2814 2833 7772 AssHXmcn 

1944 1911 1935 I860 Astra A 

155 151.10 151.70 14480 Atlas Copat A 
1600 1526 1555 1578 Autohv 

25450 24150 25020 247 Electrolux B 

559 539 559 530 Ericsson B 


5X8 

6X8 

5X8 

Rat 

5020 

4795 

4875 

4830 

Sdmehter 

315 

306 

30790 301X0 

Hemes B 

323 

4X1 

*54 

*51 

General Asric 

40150 

■au . cn 

38900 

39250 

SEB 

695 

670 

688 

675 


655 

7X0 

7J2 

7X0 

1MI 

17290 

16890 

17790 

16600 

SGS Thomson 

417.90 407.70 414X0 

390 

Investor B 

357X0 

6.S4 

6X4 

654 

INA 

3050 

7990 

3040 

2965 

Ste Generate 

756 

746 

751 

736 

MoDoB 

270 

7JB3 

188 

2X5 

ttrigas 

6615 

65X 

6545 

6*40 

Sodexho 

2900 

7813 

2813 

2860 


253 

660 

679 

6X0 

Meckrse! 

8650 

8385 

8640 

8265 

StGobabi 

817 

795 

798 

782 

PTmniVUpiahn 

744 

*25 

*26 

*26 

Mediabanco 

12200 

11980 

12155 

11595 

Suez(Oe) 

1*50 

1*50 

1*50 

1*20 

SaacMkB 

274 


10X70 

100 101JO 

99.10 

177X0 

175 

177X0 

174X0 

31X0 

31 

31 JO 

3080 

81 

39.70 

80X0 

78 

68X0 

68 

68 

68 

51X0 

5030 

51 

SO 

84 

81X0 

3370 

79 


327X0 

333 32580 

87 

89.10 

8SJD 

81X0 

8010 

80J0 

BO 


Helsinki hexc -h wc raajg 

Protons: 333108 


5 

512 

5X9 

Mcrterfirem 

1356 

1325 

1330 

1318 

5uezLyoaEOia 

M3 

600 

605 

591 

631 

636 

632 

OBvritt 

1008 

937 

987 

984 

jTTantnaoo 

684 

647 

674 

479 

630 

652 

4X3 

Parraakfl 

2360 

2295 

2310 

2265 

Thomson CSF 

152 

145 

149 

145.90 

1X9 

1X3 

1X9 

Pktfl 

4335 

4705 

4245 

4125 

Total B 

654 

636 

450 

617 


RawriDutdi 

Unfcyercw 

Vender irrt 

VNU 

WoOenKIcvo 


Bangkok 

AtfvMoSvc 
Bangkok BkF 
Kara Thom 
PlTEjIptor 
Stare Cement F 
Siam Cam BkF 
Tefecomosu 
Tnol Ainaavs _ 
Thai Farm Bk F 


49.10 69 JO 

6450 4460 
7150 7940 
51.90 51.90 
55J0 57 

197 JO 20150 
13X50 137 JO 
MAJ0 107 
7X50 7130 

177.70 18050 

56.80 57 

168.90 170 

118.10 118.10 

101.70 10350 
11050 1040 
101 JO 1(020 

47.10 M 
23840 24170 


SET Mr 441X7 
Protons: 45487 

188 17A 181 188 

145 139 143 141 

IB 16J0 16-50 18 

390 376 378 380 

40A 390 390 406 

8050 78 80J0 8150 

19.75 18 18J5 19.75 

A ft 4750 48J5 

105 99 102 105 

54 53 S3 5BJD 


EnsoA , 
HuMtmafcil 

KrenJra 

Kesko 

Merita A 

MetraB 

Mctea-seriaB 

Neste 

NaUaA 

Ortoo-YWyroae 

Outata*4Hi A 

UPMKymmttne 


47 47 

233 22190 
52 51 

74 7150 
2180 2140 
134 13350 
£ 45 

44480 S’ 

205 203 

74 71 

1X4 17150 
77 JO 7448 


47 MX0 
232 223 

51.10 5X30 
7350 73 

2180 2540 
134 133 

4550 4450 

122 117 

442 418 

70S 20X10 

71J0 72 

123 122 
7420 7550 


Genl Acddad 

GEC 

GKN 


GUS 

Hap 

HSBC HUBS 
hnITataocD 


438 430 6X2 4X3 

143 159 143 159 

10 944 940 944 

402 192 4 197 

1XSS TX28 1X32 1X30 
1X70 1X10 1X61 1X10 
8.15 7.90 801 7.90 

175 540 5J2 540 

113 2X2 198 2X2 

177 165 173 167 

180 554 5J2 556 

7J59 675 7 6J4 

7 JO 7.15 7 JO 733 

16S 1344 1198 1344 
897 826 850 827 

192 388 189 IBS 


Hong Kong 


Bombay 

Boiot Aula 
Hlndusl Lever 
HMuct Ptrttat 
bid Dev Bk 
ITC 

MohonognrTel 

Reliance bid 
Stale BkVnfla 
SJeefAtirtoW 
Tare Eng Loco 

Brussels 


Sana XtodOE 357810 
PravtoOS; 3569 J7 

5*8 549 559 568 

1304 128125130035 129XK 
450 442 44125 41C7S 

87 85 87 B425 

541 53175 54150 537.75 
23250 22150 229.25 228^ 
16850 16125 14750 14175 
24825 74110 74675 2A4J5 
14 1350 1175 14 

32750 309.75 315.75 327 


BEL-V Mac 236757 
PnvMs: 231642 


Almond 

Bam hid 

BBL 

CBR 

Coiruyt 

DeSraueLlon 

EkxMbel 

Electrafina 

Fonts AG 

Gcvocrl 

C’BL 

Gen Banque 

Kredietbank 

Pcfrofcna 

POweftin 

RayoleBelqe 

Sac Gen Beta 

Sokray 

TrodrtHd 

UCB 


1560 1530 

6920 6740 

9500 9350 

3160 3125 

18S7J 18300 
1790 17S5 

B2J0 BI90 
3350 3300 

71» 7000 

1460 1400 

5220 5140 

15150 14850 
14850 14650 
13875 13750 
5100 5100 

9450 9200 

3315 32«! 

2175 20M 
3085 3055 

119100 117750 


1540 1500 

6890 6760 

9450 9740 

3160 3100 

18400 13000 
1775 17S5 

8230 8190 

3350 3255 

7070 68 31 

13“ 

51 B0 5090 
15075 M675 
14800 14150 
13850 13575 
5100 5060 

9420 9460 

3300 3200 

21*5 2060 

30*5 3055 

118300 117+50 


Bk 

Catoay Podflc 
Cheung Kong 
CKInfnEtrud 
China LMri 
CMcPacfc 
DooHengBfc 
FtaJPodft 
Hang Lung Dn 

rtciiQcitmi flu 

HendenonLd 
HK China Gas 
HK Electric 

HopeweaHdgi 
HSBCHdga 
Hutchison Wh 
Hyson Dev 
Johnson El Hd® 
Kerry Pram 
Hew Worid Dev 
DnenSal Press 
Pearl Oriental 
SHK Praps, 
ShunTakHdgs 
SinoLwdCo. 
Slti China Past 
5rrirePacA 
Wharf Hdgs 


Jakarta 

Asbolrtl 

Bkbdllodon 

BX Negara 

GudangGom 

Indocement 

Lndotood 

Indotto} 

SampoemoHM 
Semen Gresft 
Teiekoaunlkast 


7 6 JO 
1690 1630 
7M 7.15 
53 5075 
19JD 1840 
3830 3650 
3X90 32 

18J0 17 JO 
665 540 

X 1070 
45 6X25 
7 665 

40 3860 
US0 1185 
27J0 2875 
15X5 1495 
X30 X1S 
18050 17450 
5150 SI 
16X 1155 
2150 21 JO 
1170 1145 
2525 74 

1.97 152 

053 048 

*45 450 

4050 & 
1645 1140 


480 480 

1485 14 

730 730 

51.75 4940 
19X 1750 
37 JO X 

3X50 31 JO 
1780 1750 
555 5J5 

1080 1170 
6150 6075 
675 440 

3050 3780 
1410 1380 
27 26J0 
1585 1445 
2J0 115 

179 17150 
52 . 49 
16 1545 
2150 2150 
1160 1150 
2125 2130 
157 153 

049 048 

5835 52 

240 X58 

453 *42 

5.70 550 

40 3850 
1605 1*95 
840 815 


015 

750 

8X1 

5L75 

5X0 

532 

113 

2X2 

X98 

177 

3X5 

173 

5JQ . 

5X4 

532 

7X9 

*75 

7 

7 JO 

7.15 

730 

1*55 

13X6 

1198 

8.97 

836 

8X0 

152 

188 

U9 

8J5 

871 

029 

274 

2X7 

231 

w 

9XS 

9X4 

3 

176 

2X1 

501 

*90 

5 

736 

*99 

7.15 

X15 

ITS 

2 

*15 

530 

5X7 

532 

5.13 

532 

1X87 

1236 

12X7 

199 

287 

193 

5X1 

531 

5J8 

8J0 

7X8 

8X5 

732 

s 

170 

153 

3X1 

2X0 

2X7 

2X1 

7XS 

*73 

*78 

7X8 

7X4 

7X8 

1J6 

1J4 

1J4 


RA5 

RmoBma 
S Paolo Torino 
Tetocotn ttaBo 
TIM 


Montreal 

Bee Mob Com 
Ota Tire A 
am us A 
CTRnISvc 
Gaz Mato 
Gt-Wed UfecD 

bwestorsGcp 
LobkiwCas 
Natl Bk Canada 

pSZ%3 

rtjw I «JI 

OuebocorB 
Rogers Comm B 
Rojcd BkCdo 


15930 15550 15430 15615 Ulinar 

23700 23050 23050 22550 Vote 

13800 13500 13*25 13090 — — 

10*70 10560 10625 10370 n;. 

6770 4455 67X 4495 1530 


91 JO 8750 89 JS 8870 
385 368 384 35950 


Sao Paulo 


855 

7J5 OSlO 


Ms lodec 333647 
PreviBUa. 329140 

3U 4316 *3 

JO 2X70 2M 
m 39J0 39.90 
JO 4670 4670 
M» 18«* 1880 
3M 3*10 JPA 
70 4785 46*6 
45 45J 5 4*75 
J5 22*6 2X15 
50 2X45 3140 
50 45 4*15 

4V, 4*70 4155 
3W 28W 2815 

40 840 B.10 

.15 771* 7480 


OBXiodK 67*74 
Moore 66835 


BradesooPU 
Brahma PM 
Canto Pfd 
CESPPfd 

r rypl 
Etetrabcns 
ItaubimcDPM 
Ljght SetvMas 
Ughtpcr 

Paraaras Pfd 
Pou*5ta Urz 
SM Kadonal 
SouraCnu 
Talalicn PM 
Tetemlg 
Tetet 
TefcspPM 
Urdbrerco 
Usmtoca Pfd 
CVRD PM 


12050 IX IX 119 


7550 690 

635iD 60080 
4*90 «A) 
7081 6*99 
laso 9 jo 

52380 509.99 
52580 50080 
40080 34580 
277.00 25080 
22400 21189 
12101 11580 
3280 35.00 
7.40 745 

11280 10850 
11849 109.99 
10150 9X00 
27X00 24980 
3180 2987 
780 780 

2X10 2150 


Composite Index: 49691 
Previous: 519 J7 

57500 52000 53000 5*000 


SamlaB 

SCAB 

SEBankonA 
Skandhi Fors 
Stomsko B 
SKFB 

Sparbonkea A 
Stora A 
Sv Handed A 
Volvo B 


Sydney 

Amcor 

ANZBUng 

BHP 

Borat 

BfrenWeshd 

CBA 

CC AmtrtS 
Coles Myar 
Coma ico 
CSR 

Fasten Brow 
Goodman Rd 
ICI Austrebo 
Lend Lease 
MIMHdgs 
Nat Ansi Bch* 
Nat Mutual Hdg 
New* Carp 
Podflc Dunlap 


High Law Close Prev. 


84 8*50 
205 199 

12150 122 

221 217 

XI 50 300 

990 582 

318 XI 
323 31550 
450 641 

34950 34650 
218 210 
25050 250 

24150 234 

219 21550 
17850 174 

171 144 

81 8150 
362 35950 
291 292 

17*50 17150 
17750 17650 
10X50 98 

25150 249 

20550 19050 


ABOr*nvtes:24t7Jl 
Previous 2479.10 


645 6JS 
10J2 1085 
1*28 1167 
180 174 

2745 27 

17 JO 1789 
1185 1080 
7J5 7J1 

585 5J5 

*61 *50 

273 264 

X18 X14 

11.08 1080 
2840 27 J9 
171 M3 
sax 2047 
240 XX 
7 80 7 JO 
110 103 


640 6J6 

1078 10.09 
1188 1*10 
179 176 

27 JO 26.99 

17.17 1785 
1080 1070 

775 7.18 

575 582 

*56 *52 

245 X62 

X16 XI 3 
1086 1080 

28.18 27 JB 

1.14 170 

2050 7046 
236 279 

775 772 

385 101 


The Trib Index Pnces “ ^ 3lW PM Vo,i ' 

Jan 1 . 1992 = 100. Laval Change % change year to d«a . 

% change 

World Index 167.27 44.63 43.04 +12.16 

Regional Indexes 

Asla/Pacttic 97.87 +6.18 46.74 -20.71 . 

Europe 186.27 44.42 42.43 415.85 

N. America 209.42 +4.48 +2.19 429.34 ■ 

S. America 137.98 45.66 +4.28 420.58 

industrial indexM 

Capital goods 212.06 +4.79 + 2.31 + 24.07 

Consumer goods 196.84 +4.66 42.42 421.94 

Energy 198.56 46.33 +3.29 +16.31 

Finance 117.53 45.31 +4.73 +0.92 

Miscellaneous 158.41 +4.96 +3.23 -2.08 

Raw Materials 169.21 +3.08 +1.85 -3.52 

Service 165.41 +4.41 +2.74 +20.46 

Utilities 159.20 +2.76 +1.76 +10.97 

The International Herald Tnbune World Stock Index 6 tracks the U.S. dollar values of 
230 ntamarlanally ImestatAe stocks from 25 mevnes. For mom mfornianon, a tree 
tester e flvaitowe by writing to The Tri) tnder, 18 1 Avenue Charles deGaute. 

S2S21 Neuity Cede*. France Compiled by Bloomberg News 


Doiea Sec 

DDI 

Denso 

East Japan Ry 
Eisal 
Fa rax 
Foii Bank 


High Law Close Prev. 

6X 577 630 575 

* 250 ° 3900a 61 00a 3870a 


High Lmv dose Prev. 


Pffldngtan 1J6 \M 

PoaerGen 7.75 770 

Prerater Fomdl *71 *10 


Praderttal 650 

RadbackGp 1070 

Rrr* Group 160 

R«M1! Cota 850 

Ra*md 138 

Reed Udl 599 

Rerriatfl tafld X4Z 

Reuters Hdg* 680 


CerepMffa Me 439J4 
Previous: 43654 

3050 X00 2000 7975 
700 658 675 650 

700 475 675 700 

8950 8500 8700 8675 

1725 1 700 1700 1700 

2725 2*25 2650 2700 

8500 8400 8500 8300 

5500 5250 5300 5150 

3600 3550 3550 3600 

2925 2800 2900 2900 


Johannesburg 


; Copenhagen 

i! BG Bank 

! CariflxsgB 

\ Codon F6B 

' Dunba 3SI 

[Jen DWBko Bk 7S 

D.'S Switera B 410001 

D^1917B 
. FLSinaB 

Kot) LUMwme 8« 

NnHDMUB » 


Sophw B*rB 1010 
leic DanmkB 397 
Tr yo Bantw . « 

UrudanmartiA A0 

Frankfurt 

AMB B 1*940 

Adld» W* 

AlMnzHdg ,401 
Alteww '2^ 

Sk Berlin 

BASF SS-* 5 

te^HypaBk 
Boy Vercssoonk 101 50 
Boyer 045 

Bnmdsri 71» 
BerWfl 

BAMSf , I23J 

CLAGCokailD 1-330 
Commenbonk A*- 3 ® 
DosiWBcra 
Deousw ,51^ 
DnriidvBaik 108-2 
DndTHcfaMi 3*W 
DmdwrBor* 61» 
FmenAS . 3™ 

FimrewMed l|X» 
Fried Kwpp 
f<he ““ 

HeideteW ...i, 
HMUpfd 10**0 
HEW 
Hoarikt 

HoccM! 
taonfirt! 

Larenem 

LutmauMP 
.‘.UN 

Atanimnann 
MeUgncVsCMf 

fJ^l^|Q , 

MaacnRuccfcR 5M 
Ptmuag 


Stack tadac 61 747 
Pnvioaot 41115 

A07 420 41X68 

i S 3* 345 

i «5 905 «0 

W W 

, 743 753 742 

1 410000 J1W OO 4K00O 

: nw*” » 

! ® ’S£ ss 

ljB 14830 144 

2 S241^735» 

,"W 

3910 39^0 
5760 58.10 sra 
7130 7140 7120 

101 JO 

*7 JO 

n.10 7X60 72X 
vg?(| 60 3930 

1355 1228 11 JS 

\J« 146 W-g 

41.10 S830 

1I6J0 11*70 
7HjO 79 79-50 
107.15 107.15 
34J0 3*80 3*» 

^ •>£ “J 

»a as "S 

136 ’B 

10160 10*30 1D0J0 
NT NT. 460 
6«0 ^ 
7030 ">* 
581 

7SA0 7560 1 — 
I0X 10M 
3120 31 JO SOW 
5*S 531 JO SS 
ut 776 ite 
[S 3X50 3150 
mS 7040 
U?S sSs»J? 
457 451 


ABSAGnup , 
ArtjtaAm Coal 
AngtoAm-Corp 
AndaAmGaU 
AngiaAinred 
AnglaAM Plat 
AVMIN 
Bartow 
CXLSndDi 
De Been. 
Driefantef 
Fsf Na8Bk 
Gskw 

S^lalHdBi 
hioaeCari 
box 

Jemnloslndi 

UberiyHdBS 

Mbnre 
Nrenpok 

Kedcor 
Rembrandt Gp 
RMiawt 

SABreantes 
Saawww 

Sastf 

5BK 

Tiger Oats 


30J5 29 JO 
76640 265 

193 187 

197 192 

15 138 

73 71Jfl 
730 7J5 

4SJ5 4*90 
22 X 
108JO 106 

29 28.10 
4050 40 

8 7 JO 
64 6QJ0 
61 60 
1930 19 

X42 X3B 
55 5*60 
317 310 

11B mao 

1640 1*25 

9030 8930 
1530 15 

106 102 
40J0 3970 
5X90 52 

12X40 12030 
31 31 

57 JO SL20 
710 206 

6850 67 


29*5 X 
245 265 

189 184 

19X90 192 

IX 138 
7130 72 

7J5 730 

4530 4*90 
2090 XJ0 
107 187 

29 2*50 
4030 3925 
7 JO 7*5 
6080 6130 
61 5920 
1930 19 

X41 X37 

5*80 5*10 
310 310 

114 11160 
16J0 15J5 
9930 90 

IS 1530 
105 10O 

3990 3975 
5120 5190 
17140 IX 
31 3130 

5570 55 

208 20720 
68 6630 


RTZ ngj 7.W 

RMcSwp 1030 

RdbRovce 245 

Rural Bk Scot *60 

Raytd&Sun Ai 5 J 5 

Sacvay *X 

Satasburr 5 

Sctwoders 17.99 

Scot Newcastle 6.74 

Scat Power *9* 

Srariar X65 

Savwn Treat 925 

Shell Tramp R *21 

Stobe 1120 

SraHbNtptaw 1.72 

SraJtoKBne 535 

SoButnd 820 

StbreuElec ASS 

Slageaach H45 

Stand Cteler L70 

Tate* Lyfc *43 

Tores 5 

Ttranes Water *90 

31 Group *88 

Tl Group 520 

Tomtom 2JS 

Uatenr *63 

Ubt Assuroea: 5TJ4 

Utt Ne*» 7*5 

imuomm 7js 

vendaaw Lxuh 138 

Vodotaaa 160 

WMbreod &JS 

WWamHdgs 185 

Wobetoy 545 

WPP Group 279 

Zeneca 17.95 


7.75 720 740 728 

*71 *10 *21 *13 

640 6J1 £49 6J1 

1020 980 IQjO? 9.98 

340 147 349 

830 831 835 

138 130 131 

599 575 599 

242 228 ZM 

680 627 

X9S 188 iusi 

7.90 745 7. 

1030 922 9J4 yju 

245 227 243 227 

630 626 630 636 

5J5 5JJ9 526 5J39 

430 3.97 *01 A 

5 480 499 495 

16 16B7 16.15 


. v v *-y , > -v ' ' / , ! " - v. .' •, •' ^ ■. 

EurOpe^s electridtymarkets are 
:v$j£wi£ for competition. 


HodwuniBk 

Hrtodjl 

Hoods Motor 

IBJ 

IHI 

Itochu 

ItD-Yofcodo 

JAL 

Japan Tobacco 

JULCO 

Kojuno 

KonsoiBec 


'i BayeruwerK r our energy 
J si|b$^ary, is taidiig advantage 
^bf tfiis valti^)|e y • 




Kuala Lumpur 

AMMBHdgs 

MdBifflteg 
WaJUtfSWpF 6J0 
PBtmnafGai 9^ 

Proton 

Pubic Bk X17 

if* 


Composite 44729 
Prevkres: 67747 

5 5 5.15 

925 925 940 

1MB 1178 IW0 
*10 *15 6^ 

9.15 925 93fl 

73C 730 795 

111 X12 X10 

X» 2-9° 3 

530 530 

2830 2875 2430 
*24 *24 *36 

9 925 985 

770 8 7.90 

*15 625 670 

*06 *19 *12 


London 

AngDon Wiser 

Aigus, 

BAA 

Boidoys 

Boss 

^k^md 

BteCbde 

BOCGrWP 

Booh 

PlM 

Brfl Acnsp 
Bril Always 
BG _ 
BrtLand 
Brit Pete 


FT-5 E18fc *jgJ8 

PrariOBK 474138 

9J9 935 9J9 

5.11 534 522 

7.90 7.94 795 

638 633 630 

131 1*3 

529 SM 5<d) 

*91 *96 *M 

1*80 1*90 1*40 
840 BJ6 Bi3 
531 5*7 5JI 

*83 104 

142 » “ 

942 939 JS 

875 875 879 

3js 128 125 

liX 1533 ISg 
C q> CM 530 
JM 2% 235 

636 C36 *» 

*33 853 *37 


Madrid 

AcerihsK 

ACESA 

A goos Bra gAw 

Brererio 

BonUntor 

BcoCerdreHhp 

Bca Popular 

BrnSardrexler 

CEPSA 

Cortlnaita 

FECSA 
Gas Natural 
Swrdrota 
Pryco 
RttMOi 

MtanEhe 

Tebaariera 

TWetanlai 

UotooFencsa 

VUmCeneiB 

Manila 


WWM 

AyoMLond 
Bk Ptrfflp tal 
CAP Hanes 
Maria Elec A 
Metro Bar* 
Petiui 
POBadi 
PMUegDist 
SdsMlgualB 
SMPitoeHdg 

Mexico 

MMA . 
BarecoB 
OrtoCPO 
OraC 

Eap Modena 
GpoCartoAl 
Gpo FBcener 

TeWraCPO 

TelMexL 


ts £8 


,ss & 

171 171 

% % 

436 *40 

ais 
*33 
*63 *61 

*89 
887 

ts £ 

288 X86 

*56 *46 

5X2 499 

727 721 

VS 739 

328 3J7 

338 147 

820 820 
333 143 

*15 *95 
277 277 

1731 1728 


Mai Mac 571 J8 
PreiriaeK 55*18 


VIAG. Creating enduring value. 


21780 21500 
2000 1945 

5900 5740 

8590 8490 

4035 3940 

1350 1330 

7620 7360 

2880 2735 
B500 8290 

6050 3990 

4*50 4400 

2800 2710 

6350 6230 

2730 2690 

1245 1ZX 
6590 6360 

1B10 1785 

2250 2125 

6460 6770 

1385 1340 

11840 11150 
4075 3940 

1435 14X 

2880 2850 


21680 20900 
1995 W0 
5800 5790 

8STO 8450 
4iru: ypqr 
1330 1290 

7590 7280 

2880 1490 
8490 8130 

4050 3915 

6410 4370 

27S 2750 
6300 6200 

2710 2435 

124S 1195 

6590 617B 
1795 1780 

2238 2090 
6450 6330 
T36D 1330 
11740 11100 
4070 3865 

M30 MX 
2880 2850 


HofstandA 
Kvoerrwr Asa 
Norek Hydro 
NaretaSkeg 
NyannedA 
Orido Asa A 
PaltoiGeaSK 
Saga Pedm A 


TransocsanOP 
SMiib read Aon 


71X50 205 

26J0 26.10 
■vruii vr^i 
106 103J0 
*1 40J0 

357 335 

377 369 

232 229 

187 186 

625 615 

510 498 

138 ltt 
IX 125 
385 385 

SO ASO 


205 21050 
2*10 26 
3060 3020 
104 103 

4050 41 JO 
349 340 

3(9 365 

m 22*50 
186 186 
619 606 

498 502 

138 134 

125 125 

385 385 

50 SO 


HrwvWEng. 

KfaMnfora 

Korea El Pwr 

Korea ExdiBk 

LGSeskcon 

PetenglicnSt 

Samatog DfcJoy 

SomswiaElK 

ShlnhanBaok 

SXTetocam 


5700 5300 
14700 13900 
7300 6900 

15000 13500 
4540 4210 

21500 19800 
46300 *3000 
35400 33000 
45400 42000 
7370 7100 

34X00 X7500 


5370 5500 

141 X 14300 
6900 7340 

13500 13900 
4250 4450 

20000 21000 
435X 44800 
34600 35100 
42200 43400 
7200 7150 

310500 335000 


PSGMWB 1892X7 
Prepares 18M8S 


CAG+fcZ772X» 


14 

1175 

9150 

1125 

1125 

93 

14 

1150 

93X0 

235 

2X5 

255 

71 

67X0 

71 

295 277X0 

290 

3X0 

3X5 

3X5 

137 

133 

IS 

850 

m 

835 

48X0 

46 

47X0 

*40 

*20 

*40 


BuliiiMdre Hi rn 
Prevteusi 453X67 

6DJX 61X0 59X0 
17X0 T7J4 1*70 
30JU 30JS 29X0 
1*20 1*36 1360 
3930 39 JO 39 JO 
SUB 51 JB 50X0 
184 X85 U1 
3060 3U0 29 JO 
35J0 icivi yin 
14X30 14X40 14X00 
I860 I860 1158 


Accor 

AGE 

Air Liquid* 
AfcddA&n 
Aso-UAP 
BareBi™ 

BIC ^ 

BNP _ 

CoooiPtW 

Corafoar 

Casino 

CCF 

Cdetera 

□wtsSanDtor 

CLF-DeriaFrai 

CredBAgriate 

Danone 

Bf-AauOalK 

EriOonta BS 

E wwfaneif 

Earekavwl 

France Tetecea 

Gen. Eon 


Milan MIB TrhrenlTrnr 1513*09 

M,,an Piemen: MSM8 

AMBaAraiC 15465 1S2S0 15410 14940 


LOrwri 

LVMH 

MtoteftaB 

PcsttesA 

PamadKand 


636 6M 
603 583 

609 593 

1250 1235 
929 915 

732 713 

883 870 

7X5 7 JO 
*80 5+5 

218 21110 
760 733 

384 37*60 
679 659 

3SUD 347 
1081 1055 

2175 2135 
975 954 

31150 308X0 
41180 411 

30X50 393 


1066 1025 
297 JO 29*50 
918 898 

TOO 674 
408 400 

755 745 

39X70 382 

260X0 248X0 
1022 1001 
2972 2951 
■mao 327 
327 JO 
620 615 

596 585 

593 592 

1250 1250 
928 904 

727 493 

683 855 

7X5 7X0 

5.70 170 

216X0 21*70 
746 739 

380.90 371.90 
471 664 

352 339 JO 
1080 1045 
2172 2100 
973 929 

311 303 

*11 403X0 
294 297.10 


Singapore 

Aria Poc Brew 
CaretoePac 
CByDevfa 
Cyae Carriage 
□far FaniiM 
DBS foreign 

DB5LOOB 

Fraser * Heave 110 7X0 7X5 8X5 

KkCLand ■ ■»*> 

JartWtathesn 
ted Strategic 
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Sing Tech tod _ 

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TcitLa Bank 
Uld Industrial 
WdOSeaBkF 
WlngTalHdgs 


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*60 456 

7X0 7 JO 

7.1S 70S 

0X0 0X7 
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175 Z71 

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5X0 5X5 

2X0 IBS 
145 535 

2X5 2X0 

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93S 9.15 

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110 5 

11X0 11J0 
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21X0 2050 

2 1.97 
173 2X5 

158 XS6 
074 DJ3 
9X5 9X0 

111 106 


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7.15 495 

088 0X8 

1*50 1*60 
X72 X75 

7X5 8X5 

123 X17 

5X5 1X5 

2X6 2X4 

5X0 535 
X85 X77 

*88 *74 

234 233 

9 JO 9.25 
120 190 

*20 *14 

5 5 

11.40 11X0 
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21 JD 2050 
1X0 1.96 

2X9 158 

257 25 8 

074 073 

9X5 9 JO 

2X7 XII 


Stockholm sxhweiixim 

Proliant 3021.17 
AGAB 96 9*50 95 9550 


P ion eer Inti 
Pub Broadcast 
Rio Tilda 
SI George Bank 
WMC 

WeripacBHng 
Mtoorkl dePet 
Vfcotowfts 


Taipei 

CoHiuir LBe bm 
ChonnHwiBk 
Qiloo Tung Bk 

CMno Dmipal 
Oww Steel 
Ftosr Bank 
Formosa Ptaritc 
Hue ten Bk 
toOCaami Bk 
NanYaPtosfa 
SMn Kang Lite 
TohwnSeml 
Tatung 

UtdMfaoElec 
LIM WotMChki 


Tokyo 


MpdanAIr 
Amanv 
AsaMBank 
AsutbChen 
jLuthj Q pyc 
Bk Tokyo MBw 
BkYokahrena 
Bridgestone 
Canon 
OiufauEtoc 
Elec 
Print 

DrieJ 

DoF Wii Kang 
Daiwa Bank 
Datwa House 


3X4 178 179 177 

BJ5 8.16 8J5 833 

16X5 1440 16X1 1471 

8.70 8X7 BXS 8X4 

535 107 113 540 

9X4 8X0 9 871 

1140 1135 11-27 11J1 
*60 *46 450 *49 


Stock Merited Mae 749154 
Man: 749231 

135 131 134 132 

96 9350 95 9X50 

68 66 6750 6450 

91 8650 KL50 89 
2330 2X80 23 2X50 

96 93 9150 94 

51 48X0 50 49.50 

0230 100 101X0 100 

5*50 5X50 5X50 5X50 
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89 8450 8830 8530 
2630 116 126 119 

3330 3240 3280 3X10 
6630 6130 66 62 

56J0 55 5630 55 


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Kobe Steel 
Koraofcu 

Kyocera 

KfgteEtec 

Marubeni 

Moral 

Matsu Comm 
Matsu Elec Ind 
Matsu Elec IWk 
wawbiriii 
MdsutMsNCh 
WXvjbhfliEI 
Mitsubishi Est 
MJKuMSlBHvy 
WldSubBhi Mot 
Mitsubishi Tr 
Mitsui 

Mitsui Fudosn 
Mitsui Trust 
MuratoMfg 
NEC 

NSteSec 

Nftnn 

Wntereta 

ssjssr 

Nippon Steel 
Nfasrai Motor 
NKK 

Homuro Sec 
NTT 

NTT Data 
OP Paper 
Osaka Gas 
Ricoh 

Rohm 

SakuraBk 

Sanfcio 

SonwoBank 

Sanyo Elec 

Secaro 

SettHiRw 

SetasriCtem 

Setosut House 

Sam-Eleven 

Stop 

Shikoku El Pwr 

5hbnbu 

Shto-etsuCb 

SWsekto 

Shizuoka Bk 

Softbank 

Sony 1 

Sura tamo 
SuraJtamoBk 
5un>8 Chero 
Sumitomo Elec 
Sun* Mew 
Sun It Trust 
Tate ho Ptxnm 
Takeda Chsn 
TDK I 

TafwkuEIPwr 
Takri Bulk 
Tok to Marine 
Tokyo El Pwr 
Tokyo Electron 
Tokyo Gas 
TakyuCoip. 

Toner 

TcripanPrirt 
Torny Ind 
Teridba 
Tostwn 
Toyo Trust 
Toyota Motor 
Yaamaudii 
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458 419 419 400 

6440 6140 6430 6110 

3020 1930 1960 1960 

330 261 318 271 

375 332 372 328 

2060 1950 2040 1940 

3870 3520 3850 3450 

2000 1930 1990 1910 

1000 1030 1060 1030 

1020 940 1010 911 

283 256 282 250 

363 335 355 341 

1410 1290 1410 1250 

529 495 514 AS 

470 456 460 409 

1380 1380 1380 1180 

954 876 930 875 

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363 313 350 305 

4460 4310 4440 4330 

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1560 1460 1560 1470 

405 370 405 380 

11600 11000 11500 11000 
739 671 730 665 

461 441 458 458 

268 247 268 245 

673 628 670 

166 156 165 

1450 1320 1440 1280 

9870a 9380a 9830a 9200a 
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606 550 589 

300 268 284 273 

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12900 12600 12900 11 BOO 
540 466 526 460 

4050 3750 4020 3730 

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365 339 345 340 

8070 7250 8070 7250 

5850 5300 5850 5600 

910 87S 901 875 

1000 975 999 985 

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867 810 838 7K 

1950 1880 1930 1900 

496 450 490 450 

2920 2620 2920 2600 

1860 1690 1810 1660 

1230 1090 1230 1100 

3090 2920 3090 2920 

10200 9600 10200 9450 

840 752 835 750 

1360 1190 1360 1160 

471 <35 468 434 

1690 1630 1690 1620 

248 256 261 254 

783 782 783 683 

31 B0 3100 3160 3010 

3540 3380 3S40 3360 
10000 9650 10000 9370 

1930 1880 1930 1870 

686 600 666 586 

1150 1060 1140 1040 

1330 2270 3330 2290 

6300 5850 6130 5690 
307 293 295 286 

S88 522 585 522 

90S B14 905 806 

1580 1480 1560 1470 

578 541 575 520 

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838 750 838 738 

3440 3320 3430 

3060 2910 3050 


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368 415 368 

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AfUleraon Expl 
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572 574 564 







PAGE 16 








































































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


PACE 17 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


^South Korea 
Abandons 


The Won 


By Don Kirk ' 

Special U the HeraUTribane 

. SEOUL The government gave 
up defending the value of the won 
v Monday, sending the curremcy plum- 

meting as the dollar rose through the 
1,000- won level to a new high; 

- The sudden weakening of the won 
also sent stocks plu nging with the 

• Korea Composite Index ending at 
496.98, down 22.39 points, or 4.3 
percent 

The Bank of Korea at first in- 
Ijgervened heavily to support the cur- 
rency, selling about $250 million by 
early afternoon. Biit them the central 
bank gave up the battle. 

A Bank of Korea official told 
Reuters the central bank was simply 
carrying out a decision maH? by the 
Ministry of Finance and Economy. 

“The government has decided to 
step back from the level thar we have 

so tar defended,! ' said a central bank 

official, who asked not to be named. 
^ Authorities at the stock exchange 
blamed the action cm a panicky de- 
mand for dollars on the part of in- 
stitutions' in a hurry to pay their bills 
' before, die won lost still more value. 

> The- dollar pierced 1,000 won 
l shortly after 2 PM . local time, and 
f trading was intermittently suspen- 
ded after that ontil the market closed 
. at 4:30 P_M. The dollar reached a 
high of 1 ,008.6 won, a rise of nearly 
20 percent this year. 

- Finance Ministry sources blamed 
the won's descent on heavy bor- 
rowing by financial institutions 
overseas and on a report by Chosun 
11 bo. South Korea's leading news- 
paper, that the country’s economy 
needed support from the Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund. 




PfealJtoWKnifm 


Riot police arresting Bank .of Korea workers Monday at a protest. 

The article cited a combination of financial-reform bills including one 
overseas borrowing .and corporate that would establish a central body 
bankruptcies as.the reason for South to supervise financial institutions. 
Korea’s financial difficulties aud its -But. the governing New Korea Party 
alleged need to -call on the IMF. The said it might have to postpone the 
government has repeatedly denied it legislation until after the country's 
plans to ask the Fluid for help. presidential election Dec. 18. 

Bankers and analysts viewed the Fearful of the impact of the re- 
won's fall .as significant but hardly form package on a hard-fought pres- 
unexpected. They said the govern- idential campaign, the government 
ment artificially held the dollar at again postponed announcement of a 
986 won at the end of last week by financial stabilization program to 


g firm controls in addition 
-bank intervention. 


the legislation, 
pledged to reveal the 


“It’s a managed currency,” said program Wednesday or Thursday. 
Cristoforo Rocco, branch manager Despite the Won's drop, exchange 
of J. Henry Schroeder. “Tbe Bank authorities said the dollar would 
of Korea and the Ministry of Fi- open Tuesday at 990.6 won. 
nance and Economy can control the But analysts said the won’s slide 
level of activity on -the domestic was probably irreversible, at least 
foreign exchange market.’-’ until the dollar reached a value of 

Bankers expect die won to fall between 1,100 won and 1,200 won. 
further while the government battles ‘ ‘It will stop the day they call the 
to stabilize the economy. IMF.” said Jean Jacques Grauhar. 


The' National Assembly was to managing director of the European 
vote; Tuesday on a package of 13 Chamber of Commerce here. 


IMF Allows Thailand 
To Raise Borrowing 


By Thomas Crampton 

International Herald Tribune 

BANGKOK — The International 
Monetary Fund, easing the condi- 
tions of Thailand’s financial bailout 
for the first time, will allow 
Bangkok to more than double its 
foreign-borrowing limit, Thai offi- 
cials said Monday. 

Analysts welcomed the move to 
expand the borrowing limit to $9 
billion from $4 billion, saying it could 
herald an eventual renegotiation of 
the $17.2 billion bailout package that 
many now see as inadequate. 

“The IMF has seen the necessity 
that the Thai government will have to 
borrow more to help certain sectors 
of the economy because the previous 
level was based on economic as- 
sumptions that have already 
changed,” said Supachai Pisitvanich, 
the Finance Ministry's permanent 
secretary. 

Mr. Supachai did not specify how 
the money would be used blit said 
limits set by Thai law would prevent 
the government from borrowing the 
foil amount. 

“This is the only alternative to 
get more money into the foreign 
reserves without changing the IMF 
requirements up front. ' ’ said Sriyan 
Pietersz. a strategist at SocGen- 
Crosby. “This could be a step to- 
ward a future renegotiation.” 

The original economic targets set 
for the country’s bailout, including a 
fiscal surplus in 1998, are seen by 
many economists as unrealistic be- 
cause they were set before the fall of 
tile Thai currency, the baht, and the 
market and currency turmoil that 
swept through the region last month. 

“There is a feeling that since In- 
donesia got nearly $40 billion and 
Thailand only got $17.2 billion, 
Thailand should be allowed to do 
some borrowing to help exporters 
and manufacturers," said Arpom 


Some Small Investors Pocket Tidy Profits in Telstra Debut 


Bloomberg Mews 

MELBOURNE — Peter Walsh 
wasted no time in taking advantage 
of the swift profit he made (Mi his 
first day as a Telstra Carp. stock- 
holder. 

Having bought 2,600 shares in 
the telecommunications company at 
1 .95 Australian dollars ($135) each 
on Monday, Mr. Walsh sold out ar 
2.74 dollars about 30 minutes later. 


for a profit of 2,054 dollars. 

“lean’! believe it; I expected it 
to be around 2.20, ’ ’ Mr. Walsh said 
as he watched the trading' at the 
Australian Stock Exchange in Mel- 
bourne. “I walked in to the ex- 
change and saw it was 2.74 and 
walked straight to the phone and 
told my broker to sell, sell, sell.” 
i Mr. Walsh was among thousands 
of private investors making a quick 


buck or several on Telstra's debuL 
The one-third of Telstra sold to the 
public by the government was four- 
and-a-half times oversubscribed 
and left many laige institutional 
investors hungry for more shares. 

The stock first traded at 2.60, 
rising to 2.75 before closing at 
2.67. A record 19.245 trades were 
recorded in Telstra, with 307.7 mil- 
lion shares changing hands valued 


at 823.1 million dollars. 

Mr. Walsh said he wished he had 
bought more heavily. He said he 
sold his shares because of concern 
that there won Id be further declines 
in Southeast Asian stock markets, 
which have been hit by fears that 
economic growth in the region will 
slow appreciably. 

Telstra shares were sold in two 
installments. 


Chewakreogkrai. chief economist at 
Deutsche Morgan GrenfelL Ms. Ar- 
pom added that she expected no fun- 
damental renegotiation of the pack- 
age until tile second review of 
Thailand's progress by the IMF, 
which is set for March. 

Securities officials, meanwhile, 
appealed for calm as Bangkok’s 
benchmark stock index fell 3.3 per- 
cent, to 441.87 points, after Thai 
companies and banks reported 
sharply lower earnings because of 
the baht's plunge. 

The Stock Exchange ofThailand’s 
senior vice president, Patareeya Ben- 
japolchai, “strongly urged” in- 
vestors to “take a long view’’ of the 
earnings news, which followed the 
baht's 35 percent fall against the 
dollar since it was floated in July. 

She sard investors should look 
beyond the losses and consider Thai 
companies' growth potential. 

Separately, the country’s biggest 
bank, Bangkok Bank, said its third- 
quarter net profit fell 43 percent 
from the previous quarter, to 2.93 
billion baht ($77 million). 

Saddled with bad loans to real- 
estate companies, the financial sec- 
tor has been hard hit in Thailand's 
economic slump. Authorities have 
shut down almost two- thirds of the 
country's finance companies and 
ordered all financial institutions to 
raise their capital-adequacy ratios 
and loan-loss provisions. 

Finance One, one of the troubled 
finance companies, said it bad a loss 
of 5.17 billion baht in the third 
quarter. 

But blue-chip companies in all 
sectors were hit by the foreign-ex- 
change losses, company figures re- 
leased Monday showed. 

National Petrochemical PCL dis- 
closed 2.4 billion baht in realized 
and unrealized foreign-exchange 
losses in the third quarter, and 
United Communications Industry 
PCL announced a third-quarter net 
loss of 12. 15 billion baht. 

■ Finance Chief Vows Action 

Finance Minister Tarrin Nimma- 
nahaeminda vowed to act quickly to 
restore confidence in Inailand's 
battered economy, Reuters reported. 

“The next 100 days are crucial," 
he said. “It will be a turning point in 
restoring investor confidence and 
economic and currency stability." 

“We don’t have even one day to 
waste,” said Mr. Tarrin, whose ap- 
pointment as finance minister was 
announced Friday. 


Hong Kong Sftigapom Tokyo 

Hang Sena. --jStatoTtoMB. Nikkei 225 

16500 - --A - 2150 -21500 

lSMtfr -- . 2OQO0*Vl 

13500 ■■A— 1850 \ 18500 - 

12000 — 1 - 1700 Ur 17000 

10500 -k ' .1550 15500 A 

A’S'bNV 14 ®T"j”A $ : 6 N J A S O N ' 

1897 1997 1997 

Exchange ■ • ‘ ■ Jttdax ■ • Monday Prev. % 


■13500 1 A- 1850 H 

.12000 -- --- ] - 171)0 W 

10500 --K ' .1550 -|- 

. A~S ONV 14M 7Ta S O N 


Tokyo 

Nikkei 225 


Hong Kong Hang Seng 
Singapore • 

Sidney' • ' "'ab O rdrjarfes * 
Tokyo; ' H V T7wkW82a ~ 
Kub|« tiumpur Composite 


Bangkok 
Seoul- v 
Taipei 
ifenffe 
'i iamr ta. . 
Wellington 

Bombay-"; 

Source: Tetekurs 


."SET ^ 

Composite index 
Stock Market Index 
■pse 7" 

Composite tndex~ 
“NZS&40. “ 

Sensitive index 


10,419.75 9,95733 +4.64 
1,698X5 1,700.26 -0.09 

2,487.70 2,479.10 +0.35 
16^83^ 15,062.52 +7.96 
667.29 677 .47 -1-50 

441.87 456.87 -3.28 

49608 51037 -4.31 

7,69664 7,49226 +2.65 

149SU17 1,844.95 +655 

43654 436.84 +0.62 

2*396.00 2,396.96 -0.04 

3^7610 3,569.77 +623 

Inbiiiuiiitul ILnU Tnhtuw 


Very briefly: 


• The International Monetary Fund said countries involved 
in a so-called Asia Fund had reached a * ‘broad consensus” on 
how it should be structured to help countries suffering eco- 
nomic crises. Senior finance officials from developed coun- 
tries and developing Asian nations are to meet in Manila for 
two days starting Tuesday to discuss the proposed fund. 

• Singapore's gross domestic product expanded at a 10.1 
percent rate in the third quarter as construction and electronics 
manufacturing propelled the economy to its fastest pace in 
seven quarters, leading the government to project foil-year 
growth of 7 percent. 

• Templeton Asset Management Ltd. launched a mutual 
fund, the Thailand Fund, heavily weighted in that country's 
financial and construction sectors, saying that with a five-year 
investment horizon, it considered the shares “a bargain/’ 

■ United Engineers Malaysia Bhd. bought 722.9 million 
shares, or 32.6 percent, of the construction company's parent. 
Renong Bhd., for 2.34 billion ringgit (5708.6 million). 

• Telekom Malaysia Bhd. started operating a digital cellular- 
telephone service' through its joint venture in Bangladesh. 

■ Itochu Corp. expects to have a parent-company net loss of 1 3 
billion yen ($ 1 1 9.2 million) in the year ending in March because 
of restructuring costs. The trading company will sell some of its 
real estate and overseas trust funds at nail of their book value. 

• Fidelity Investments will sell mutual funds starting next 
month in branches of Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan 
Ltd., Sanwa Bank Ltd. and Sumitomo Bank Ltd. 

• The Chinese-Language Press Institute began its annual 
convention in Penang, Malaysia, with 140 executives from 
more than 40 Chinese-language publications around the world 
due to discuss technology for their medium and the future of 
Chinese newspapers in Southeast Asia. 

• Daewoo Corp. plans to buy Mecatim SA of Romania and 

invest $1 00 million to make automotive components at its idle 
car plant, the chairman of the South Korean company's 
Romanian subsidiary said. Bloomberg, ap. afp 


U S. Regains Lead Over Japan in Supercomputers 


By John Markoff 

New York Times Service 

SAN FRANCISCO — In a 
significant reversal, foe United 
States has regained its lead as 
the maker of the world’s fest- 
esr supercomputers. 

'A report ranking the 
world’s 500 fastest super- 
computers issued last week 
ifcby computer scientists at the 
University of Tennessee and 
the University of Mannheim 
in Germany shows that the 
United States not only has re- 
captured the No. 1 spot with 
the introduction of a proto- 
type supercomputer built by 
Intel Corp. for Sandia Nation- 
al Laboratory in Al- 
buquerque, New Mexico, but 
also has 16 of the world’s 20 
fastest computers. 

The remaining four super- 
computers are made by Jap- 
anese companies. 

, This constitutes a remark- 
liable shill from the previous 
'year’s report, which showed 
that not only that the Japanese 
had the three fastest super- 
computers, but also that . 10 of 
the fastest 20 supercomputers 
Were made in Japan. 


Since 1990, the Japanese 
have frequently been able to 
claim having the world’s fast- 
est computer, based on so- 
called peak performance, 
which measures the number 
of mathematical operations 
that a computer can perform 
in a given period of time. 

The shift this year has 
happened, according to one of 
the authors of the report, be- 
cause Japanese computer 
makers have been slow to 
adopt massively, parallel 
computing, a technology pi- 
oneered in the United States. 

“The Japanese are late to 


massively parallel pro- 
cessing,” said Jack Don- 
garra, a computer scientist at 
the University of Tennessee, 
who along with a colleague, 
Erich Strohmaier, and with 
Hans Meoer, a scientist at the 
University of Mannheim, 
compiles the list of the 
world’s fastest computers 
twice each year. 

Massively parallel com- 
puter arc machines with hun- 
dreds or thousands of separate 
microprocessors that break 
large problems up into smal- 
ler pieces that are then solved 
simultaneously. Long a prom- 


ising technology, massively 
parallel computing has been 
slow to arrive because of the 
lack of standards for program- 
ming the systems. 

Once a controversial idea 
described as the “attack of 
the killer micros,” parallel 
processing Is now having a 
wide impact on both scientific 
and commercial computing. 

The world's fastest com- 
puter is based on 9,152 Intel 
Pentium P6 processors and it 
has achieved a peak speed of 
more than 13 trillion math- 
ematical operations a second. 
The current report, however. 


Dollar Peg Too Costly for H.K., Economist Says 


Renters 

HONG KONG — The government's 
staunch defense of the local dollar’s fixed 
exchange rale is causing a loss of compet- 
itiveness and . painful adjustment of asset 
juices and sbould be scrapped, the chief econ- 
omist for Merrill Lynch, Bruce Steinberg, 
said Monday. 

“Hong Kong is a high-priced island in a 
devalued sea, and the cost of doing, business 
here has risen relative to competitors tike 
Singapore,” Mr. Steinberg said. “The real 


issue is whether it makes sense to maintain the 
dollar peg in the long run. In my opinion, 
no.” 

The government has ample reserves to de- 
fend the local dollar’s peg to the U.S. dollar as 
long as it wants to, he added, but with de- 
preciation going on all around it, the price of 
doing business in Hong Kong relative to the 
surrounding area is rising, making Hon* 
Kong’s competitive position “much more dif- 
ficulL” The Hong Kong stock market has fallen 
40 percent from its peak reached in August 


mentions other striking 
changes, according to Mr. 
Dongarra. In 1997, 16 new 
systems appeared in the top 
20 positions. And 14 of these 
were variants of a new 
massively parallel supercom- 
puter known as the T3E made 
by Silicon Graphic Inc.’s 
Cray Research division. 

Moreover, only one of the 
20 most powerful computers 
still uses an older technology 
known as vector processing, 
which predated the emer- 
gence of parallel computing. 

“Parallel processing has 
finally come of age,” Mr. 
Dongarra said. 

Although Cray Research 
clearly dominates the market 
for the world's fastest com- 
puters with 216 of the top 500 
machines, this year has wit- 
nessed the emergence of Sun 
Microsystems Inc. in the su- 
percomputer market Appear- 
ing on the list for the first 
time, Sun is now in second 
place, with 85 systems, ahead 
of IBM, with 75 systems. 

Although there are now 
1 17 of the fastest supercom- 
puters installed in Europe, 
none are manufactured there. 


Chirac Backs 
Mahathir Call 

by Our Staff F mm Dispachri 

LANGKAWI, Malaysia 
— President Jacques Chirac 
of France on Monday backed 
calls by Prime Minister Ma- 
hathir bin Mohamad to reg- 
ulate currency traders and 
“avoid the law of the jungle" 
in foreign exchange markets. 

“The excessive specula- 
tion by some currency traders 
sbould be brought under con- 
trol.” Mr. Chirac said after 
meeting the Malaysian leader. 
“In other words, we have to 
find prudential rules to avoid 
the law of the jungle, and this 
is in everybody’s interest.” 

Mr. Mahathir has assailed 
currency speculators for the 
Asian financial crisis and 
wants to draw up global reg- 
ulations to prevent wild 
swings in exchange values. 

The Malaysian ringgit has 
lost nearly a quarter of its value 
against the U.S. dollar since 
July, when the first signs of the 
crisis emerged in Thai] and. 

Mr. Chirac, the first French 
president to visit Malaysia, 
also expressed confidence in 
the country’s economic out- 
look. (AFP. Reuters ) 


[ luxor investment COMPANY 1 

Soci6t<3 d’lnvestissement it Capita! Variable 
| 10A, Boulevard Royal, Luxembourg 

R.C. Luxembourg B 27.109 


NOTICE OF MEETING : 

Notice is hereby given that the ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING erf I 
LUXOR INVESTMENT COMPANY will be held at the Registered 
Office in Luxembourg, 10 A, Boulevard Royal, on: 

Wednesday 10th December, 1997 at 14 hours, 

for the purpose erf considering the following Agenda: 

1. Management Report u 1 the Directors, lor the year ended 
30 ih September; 1997. 

2. Rqpon of the Auditor for the year coded 3l>ih September 1 997. 

3. Approval of the Annual Accounts as at 30th September, 1997 

and apprppri alien of the earnings. I 

4. Discharge to the Directors m respect of the execution of their 
mandates to 30th September. 1997. 

5. To receive and -act on the statutory nomination for election of 
the Auditor for a new term of one year. 

6. Miscellaneous. 

The resolutions will be carried by a muiority of those present or 
represented 

The Shareholders cxr record at the date af the meeting are entitled 
to vote or give proxies. Proxies shcxild arrive at the Registered 
Of/iee of the Company not later than twinty-four hours before the 
Meeting. 

The present notice and a form ol proxy have been sent to all 
shareholders on record at 18th November, 1997. 

In order to attend the meeting, the owners of bearer shares are 
required to deposit then shares not less than live clear days before 
the date at’ the meeting ar the Registered Office. 

Ptoxv forms arc available upon request at the Registered Office of 
die Company. 

By order of the Board ol Directors 




BM5E1S ' 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


TECHNOLOGY 


Gates Offers Glimpse Into New 6 Web Lifestyle’ 


. By. Mitchell Martp '. 

• liUrrnatUmai Herald Tribane . 

LAS VEGAS — Before they got to 
see a angle hew gadget among the 
2,000-plus ‘erfubits at this year’sCom- 
dex fall computer show, attendees heard 
two speeches that promised an expan- 
sion of the Windows operating system 
beyond its current stronghold on the 
world’s desktops, an implied rebuttal to 
die critics of Microsoft Corp. 

In a -Sunday > night - multimedia 
presentation. Bill Oates; the; Microsoft 
chairman, told a packed auditori um That 
recent tedmoknea}* • advances were 
pavfog the way for a ■ ‘Web lifestyle." 
Within two years, he said, computers 
dial could understand . spoken com- 
mands would; be common,. as would 
interactive digital television- 

At the heartof tins lifestyle, he pre- 
dicted, will continue to be windows, the 
dominant operating system for personal 
computers. At Comdex, Microsoft is 
showing the second version of its Win- 
dows CE system for handheld com- 
puters, and Mr. Gates gave a look at 
elements of the coming Windows NTS, 
the version of its system for large server 
computers. 

On Monday, the traditional opening 
of the Comdex event, Eckhard Pfeiffer, 
chief executive .of Compaq Computer 
Corp., came down finnly on Mr. Gates’s 
side. In an interview before his speech, 
Mr. Pfeiffer spoke of “Compaq’s on- 
wavering belief and com mi tment to 
what we call the PC in/dns try standard” 
of Windows operating systems, Intel 
Corp. ’s processing chips and computers 
that are built around them. 

Compaq is the world’s biggest seller 
of personal computers, with a global 
market share of about 14 percent in the 
third quarter of this year. Compaq has 
been a firm ally of Microsoft since the 
mid-1980s, but its importance has re- 
cently grown. In part, this is because the 
four biggest computer makers are ac- 
counting for an increasing share of the 
overall market, about 35 percent now, 
Mr. Pfeiffer said, up from 25 percent a 
year ago and on the way to as much as 70 
percent within five years. 

Compaq this year bought Tandem 
Computers Inc., which specializes in 
large fault-tolerant servers, foe com- 
puters used to run large enterprises. 
Compaq is aiming to use Tandem’s 
Windows NT machines to take market 
share from servers based on versions of 
the Unix operating system, such as those 
made by Sun Microsystems Inc., which 
in turn is seeking to have its Java lan- 
guage supplant Windows as foe basis of 
personal computing. 

For all of Windows’ dominance — 
about 90 percent of personal computers 
run on it — Microsoft has been beset by 
legal woes and by queries about whether 


Windows is stable and powerful enough 
to nut big corporate p rograms. 

Mr. Pfeiffer admitted there were 
questions -about Windows, some of 
which would' not ' be resolved nntil 
Merced, a new generation of computer 

chms being developed by Intel . 

and Hewlett-Packard Co., hits 
the market . “There is still the > 
scalability- issue. there is a re- /Jj 
liability issue;" he said'. /■ 

‘“That is why I am not claim- 
ingthht today it is everybody’s ^ 
solution/- But. the next step is 
clearly pre pr o g rammed, roadmapped 
out feir foe major players in tins industry: 
ft is foe Merced generation of chips, and 
it will require this level of scalability, of 
reliability. The technology exists; it’s 
just a matter of taking this technology to 
this level ed: product." 

Along with trying to move Windows 
np into large computers — “big ironv” 
as Mr. Pfeiffer called it — and down into 
handhelds, Microsoft and Compaq en- 
vision a world in which many finds of 
electronic devices would be networked. 




presumably with some form of foe op- 
erating system. “We’ll see foe digital 
home, ’’ Mr. Pfeiffer said. “We’ll see foe 
mobile individual, we will see a wealth 
of services from entertainment to edu- 
cation to the automobile being essen- 

dally a Web address that allows 

Hgy you to stay in touch with e-mail 
7 with voice communications." 
rft ' Mr. Pfeiffer said such tech- 
f/J oologies were in the early 
SL J) stages, but Mr. Gates, foe 

• j*j wealthiest American thanks to 
Microsoft’s stock-market per- 
formance, noted that he already had a 
digital home, a bouse that deserved to 
have a mat in front of it that said “Intel 
Inside," borrowing from that com- 
pany’s advertising slogan. 

Brace Stephen, group vice president 
of worldwide computer-systems re- 
search for Boston-based International 
Data Corp., said the Microsoft-led al- 
liance was formidable but not unbeat- 
able. “I think Microsoft is in a very 
dominant position, and they have their 
fingers in alot of different pies,’’ he said. 


But Mr. Stephen said that Microsoft had 
had failures in the past and foal there 
were “a lot of questions abont'NT.” •• 

Microsoft also faces legal and public- 
relations problems. The U.S. govern- 
ment charges that it violated an agree- 
ment notto abuse its dominant position . 
when it tried to fence computer makers 
to give preference to its Explorer 
browsers for the World Wide Web over 
foe Navigator program made by Net- 
scape' Communications Corp. 

Meanwhile, Microsoft and Sun have 
traded lawsuits over foe use of the Java 
language. Son says Microsoft is vio- 
lating its licensing agreement for foe 
language by making its version of Java 
ran more quickly on Windows than on 
other operating systems. Microsoft has 
countersued, saying Sun did sot supply 
it with all the necessaty information 
about the language. 

Last week, the consumer advocate 
Ralph Nader convened a conference 
that examined Microsoft's market'domr- 
inaoce in a harsh light. Microsoft re- 
fused to participate in the conference.- . 



R-CatttrSeialVrbe Mnt VodcT^sc* 

Eckhard Pfeiffer, Compacts: .CEO, 
backed Gates m^Gojodex-speech. 


Internet Fights Back Against Cybershopping Crooks 


By Saul Hansell 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — When it comes to foe 
security risks of using a credit card to 
buy something on-line, consumers often 
fear that a thief may intercept foe card 
number fa a cybershopping spree. But 
Internet merchants, especially those 
setting software for immediate down- 
load, know foe bigger financial risk is 
their own. 

. That is why they are taking steps to 
thwart the use of stolen or counterfeit 
credit card numbers, a type of crime 
that, unchecked, could stifle the growth 
of Internet commerce. 

So for, software has been a favorite 
target of Internet thieves because foe 
samf» characteristic that makws it so easy 
to sell on-line, instant electronic de- 
livery, also makes it easy to steal. 

While most of fraud is traceable to 
teenage hackers in the United States, 
some of it org mates in Eastern Europe, 
South America and Israel. 

“We had a week in which we had 
more fraud than legitimate sales," said 
William McKieman, foe duel execu- 
tive of Cyber Source, which runs foe on- 
line retail store SoftwareNet “We 
were literally going out of business." 

There are no hard industry figures on 
foe extent of on-line software theft, bur 
other industry leaders acknowledge the 
problem. At Buynow.Com, a similar 
site offered by Cnei, the fraud rate hit 20 
percent of sales earlier this year. And 


software companies that have started 
selling their own products on-line, like 
Symantec, also report fur higher losses 
than with traditional mail and telephone 
orders. 

“If you have to mail something to 
someone, you can catch the fraud before 
you send foe product," said Suzanne 
Bray, manager of electronic commerce 
business develop- 
ment at Symantec. "" 

“With electronic *1116 peoplt 

software distribu- «_ r j. 

tion, they get the traild. t 

product immedi- teenage W 

While consumers ’ 
are generally limited to a liability of $50 
for someone else’s fraudulent use of 
their American card number, American 
credit card companies usually hold mer- 
chants folly responsible for any fraud- 
ulent purchases made when foe sig- 
nature on tire card cannot be verified. 

This includes transactions by mail or 
telephone — or, now, on the Internet 
And so, foe on-line merchants have 
every incentive to address software 
theft, often through software solutions. 
A number of companies have developed 
their own computer programs to flag 
potentially fraudulent transactions. 

Cyber Source, in fact, has turned its 
trauma into a second business line, a 
fraud clearinghouse for on-line mer- 
chants, where services include compar- 
ing a credit card sales request against a list 
of some 75.000 known on-line crooks. 


The people perpetrating 
the fraud tend to be 
teenage boys.’ 


As foe software vendors have inves- 
tigated foe crime wave, they have de- 
tected two baric types of thieves on- 
line; a small group that, like foe sticky- 
fingered everywhere, steal for profit, 
ana many more, typically young men, 
who steal for foe thrill of the hunt ' 
Programmers Paradise, which sells 
expensive tool-kit prog ram s used by 
software tie- . 
■ velopers, suspects 

perpetra ting that people who try 

r j * , ° to fraudulently . 


Hu uj He download its 

g a ’ products are foe 

J ones in it for the 

money. “We see 
people frying to get a $2,000 software 
package, figuring they can resell it for 
$500,” said Joseph Popolo, the exec- 
utive vice president 

Others may be trying to steal pro- 
grams they cannot afford. When Cnet 
traced back the origin of its fraudulent 
purchases, it found that many emana ted 
from computers in Eastern Europe, 
South America and Israel, according to 
William Headapohl. Cnet’s executive 
vice president 

But in many cases, based on inves- 
tigations where culprits have actually 
been tracked down, thefts are simply the 
adolescent hacker equivalent of stealing 
hubcaps. 

’‘The people perpetrating the fraud 
tend to be teenage boys,’’ said Mr. McKi- 
eraan. “There is a whole subculture out 
there around software. The ethic is it’s 



v ^ 




--Ait;*'/., •. 


AMEXJCAS 

BOGOTA 

BUENOS AIRES ■ 

CALI 

CANCUN 

CARACAS 

CAKDUSNA 

CHICAGO 

OUDADOIAXANA 

CGEUMBL 

GUADALAJARA 

DCTARA 

LOS ANGELES 

LOS CABOS 

MANAGUA • 

MARACAIBO 

MEDELLIN 

mhjoco cmr 

MIAMI 

MONTREAL - 
NEW ORLEANS 
NEW YORK • 
P ANAMA CITY 
FUEKIOVALLARXA 
R10 JOE JANEIRO 
RIO NEGRO" 

SAN FRANCISCO 
SANTO DOMINGO 
SAORMJLO 
TORONTO 
VALENCIA 
WASHINGTON, D.C 


Microsoft’s Web Browser 
Closes In on Netscape’s Lead' 

Reuters ' ' 

SAN JOSE, California — Microsoft Cop. has 
narrowed Netscape Communications Corp. ’ s lead 
in the Web browser market and is oh track to match 
its rival by mid-1998, the market-research firm 
Dataquest Corp! has projected. 

Dataquest said in a survey that was to be issued 
Monday that Netscape was still the leader in foe 
Web-browser category, with a market share of 57.6 
percent in the thifd quarter, bin. that Microsoft's 
market share had nearly doubled in nine months, to 
39.4 percent. Microsoft’s share was just 20 percent 
at the end of 1996, when Netscape’s share was 73 
percent, according Co Dataquest. 

“If Microsoft’s growth in browser- share con- 
tinues, Dataquest projects Internet Explorer to 



Wklle eve: 

tlie Globa 



wide program.' 

The Dataquest survey was based on data re- 
flecting a seven-day period at the end of each 
quarter. 

■ AOL Hits Goal:of 10 Million. Subscribers 

America Online Inc; said it had more than 10 
million subscribers worldwide, a goal it had aimed 
to reach by year-end. The company said it had added 
3 million members in the past 12 months in the 
United States, Europe, Canada and Japan. 

It reached foe 1 million-subscriber mark in 1994 
and gained 5 million members by 1996. . 


The Fingerprint 
Could Become • 
The Password \ 
Of the Future j 

By Paul Floral ; 

International Herald Tribune 

LAS VEGAS — Imagine a woridjn 
which you do not have to remember 
passwords or worry -about them falling 
uuo the wrong hands. , * 

'.Digital Persona Inc. of Redwood 
City', Calif ornia, has a system for per- 
sonal computers that makes the users 
fingerprint the password. It unveiled the 
systeraMonday here at Comdex, the big 
annual trade' show for personal com- 
paters.The company, which develops 
identification systems based on persoi^f 
al characteristics, claims that its newer?' 
program, called. U .are. U, provides fool- 
proof data security with the touch of.a 
finger at a cost of less than $100 per 


cool to have software your friends don’t 
have - — like foe okl baseball* cants/’ 

' Since on-line software sales became 
common a few years ago. the Sophia 
dcati on of the thievery, and of foede- 
tection and deterrence, has continually 
evolved. 

To fight back, foe on-line software 
vendors developed computer models 
that identified suspicious transactions. 

* “We started by flipping foroughiour- 
orders, and we realized that , we could 
identity many fraudulent ones simply 
by looking at them,” Mr. McKieraqn 
said. .. . . ? : 

For' example, since the company’s 
first sales system did not analyze foe 
name that buyers entered, many thieves 
simply typed in random keystrokes. . 

Chders from cities or countries with 
high fraud rates — - Israel is a hotbed of 
on-line credit Card fraud, as it turns out 
— - are also given more scrutiny. 

Cyber Source has a computer model 
that looks at 150 factors to calculate foe 
risk of fraud in a purchase. For 50 cents 
a transaction, other cyber merchants can 
pay Cyber Source to run a pending 
credit card request through this on-line 
model. Or for the same fee,- Cyber- 
Source will compare the request against 
its 75,000-name fraud date base. 

T hank* to such measures. Cyber 
Source says that compared with that 
horror week in 1995 in which bogus 
transactions outnumbered foe legitim- 
ate, its own fraud losses have fallen to 
less than 1 percent of sales. . 


user. ■ - - 

The device is about as big as a travel 
clock and has a small screen to read 
thumbprints. When connected to a com- 
puter, u allows access to a network, su$h 
as foe Internet or a corporate intranet, 
only to authorized users. The system js 
compatible with Microsoft’s Windows 
95 and NT operating systems. 

•Voice-recognition technology has 
been under intensive development for 
several years, but its applications have 
been limited even on powerful desktop 
computers. Now, Advanced Recogni- > 
tion Technologies Inc. claims to haveV 
written software that allows hand-held 

computers that are ■ 

based on the new ver- .U'M 

sion of Microsoft’s 9 7 ; 

stripped-down operat- J7S~f\ * 

ing ■ system. .Windows l mm l-J t 

CE 2.0, to understand "*•} ■ 

human speech. The 
software, called Smart ; 

Command, allows users to tell their 
computers to perforin simple tasks, su(h 
as opening other programs. 

Advanced Recognition is working 
with developers to bring this technology 
to cellular phones as well, so that users 
who are driving cars will be able to 
request phone numbers while keeping 
their hands on the steering wheel. 

• So, you have just downloaded from *• 
the Internet another indispensable util-2^ 
ity program that everyone has been talk- 
ing abouL But once you open it up On 
your computer, you find that the pro- 
gram comes with others that you did not 
want at all. 

Quarterdeck Corp.'s Ziprlt 4.0 
should bring an end to this sort of Up- 
wanted surprise by allowing users 10 
view all elements of files before down- 
loading. The new version gives users foe 
option to download only selected ele- 
ments of archives that have been con- 
densed with theZip-It program. ; 

• Nokia Oy of Finland, best known 

for its cellular phones, is also making jis 
mark in the computer-display markets 
with foe announcement Monday of a 
color liquid-crystal display. ; 

The screen, its first LCD, fits on any 
desk and boasts higher resolution than 
traditional cathode-ray rube monitors, 
Nokia said. A 1 33-inch (33.7 centimeter.) 
Nokia 300Xa Flat Panel Display retails at 
about $2300, compared to just over $300 
for a similar cathode-ray tube screen. • 

• Smaller is bigger and Lighter! is,, 
more powerful when it comes to \hyQ 
laptop computers on display here. ■ ~ 

Machines armed with Intel Corp.'s 
new 233-megahertz processors with 
MMX technology are emerging from 
such vendors as IBM Corp., Toshiba 
Corp., and NEC Corp. 

These laptops and sub-laptops are!as 
light as 3 pounds ( 1 .4 kilograms ) and are 
not much more than an inch and a half 
thick. However, lighter also means 
more expensive, with prices hovering 
around $5,000. 

. Mitsubishi Electronics Ltd., mean- 
while, is demonstrating a hew uliraihin 
notebook computer that costs $6,000 
and weighs 3 pounds. The notebook, 
called foe Pedion, is less than one inc’wV 
thick. : Y 

• Rcceru technology articles: 
www.iht.comllHTrrEChi 


SPECULATOR; Contrarian Investor Loses All 

Continued from Page 13 dropped; the value of the puts to their piir- 

. , chasers skyrocketed,, and Mr. Niederhoffer 

evitable, they contend. Perhaps Mr.' Nieder- had to find the money to cover those oains. 
hoffer was eager to make up the big sums he Because no one knows when the nut mar- 

lost ld Thailand over the summer on currency ket bust is coming, selling puts in this way is 
trades, they said, increasing bis already eoor- typically considered a game for fans of Rus- 
mous appetite for risk. sian roulette only.. 

‘.’In my opinion, it wasn’t foe maiket that “It’s.such astupidthing to do,” said Janies 

destroyed him,” said Sol Waksman, president Cramer, a well-known hedge-fund manager 
of Barclay Trading Group Ltd., a company and a director of Cranver, Bdkowitz & Co, in 
that tracks commodity traders. “He com- N<?w York. "ft's, more risky than any other 
pletely did it to himself. - strategy in the options. maiket because your 

- “This trade was idiotic, acd aS a profes- . upside is limited arid you don’t know how 
sionaj, when you go into a position^ riiky or much you 11 lose if .the market goes down * ’ 
otherwise^yofl have to decide « a<Serraiirp(»nr . ; l -MnNiedefooffer knew that he was in trouble * 
that you’regaing to get out before foeposifioa - by noon on OcL Zl. but foe depth of his plight \9 
wipes you out. Any rookie trader knows' this!- ' was not clear until 430 PJm., when foe ChjcaUj 
He broke one of the cardinal rales.*' " \ -Mercantile Exchange demanded $50 million 

Mr. Waksman added foot be had never seen Unable to muSterfoe funds, he had to liquidate 
a fund lose 100 percent of its holdings (n .-a? ;foe business foe next morning. That night, he 
single day. - ‘To mv knowledge^ this is un- began foe painful process of alerting investors 
precedented,” he said. " ■ ;foat Global Systems funds had failed. 

How did this scrappy, cerebral mvestoty: V- Looking tack-over those events, however 
who has a doctorate m economics and is a -Mr. Niederhoffer accepts little of the blame 
friend of foe billionaire investor George Sor- for foe calamity.. As he sees it, the s&P nmc 
OS, land in such-a bind? Mr. Niederhoffer’s 1 -were a reasonable risk, one that he had 
troubles began in August when he hesheavily.* profitedfromfreq uentiy in foe past. Because 
that Thailand’s cmrencyand stock markets ' 1 puts are not very liquid — andbecaitse the 
would rally. ' Both . tumbled, a preJh.de xti foe^ market was closed for part: of the dav as thp 
larger troubles' foar would soon beset Hong y. plunge, in foe industrial average triggered 
Kong. In foe span- of three ‘week*, Globa: :“ J drcuit r breakers".foat mandated a susDen 
Systems lost 50- percent of its vahift,* ; ; 'Sion in hading — he was unable to es5r^ 

' ; In September, MfrNiederfiofferrecOvereda . -ftom hispostoon before foe carnage — *- ” 





t*—tt n 












































































































































W 


LONGINES 


ELEGANCE DU TEMPS DEPUiS iooV 


PAGE 20 


^ IcralbSSribunc 

Sports 


LONGINES 


L F.l.EGANCt DU i EMI’S DEPUiS 


TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


World Roundup 


West Indies in a Spin 

cricket Mushtaq Ahmed, a 
spin bowler, took five wickets 
Monday as Pakistan took control of 
the fiist day of its first test against 
the West Indies in Peshawar, 
Pakistan. 

West Ladies batted first and was 
al) out for 151 runs as Mushtaq 
captured five wickets for 35 runs. 
Bad light allowed Pakistan to bat for 
only 28 balls. It scored 14 runs but 
lost Aamir SobaiL caught by Brian 
Lara off Courtney Walsh. ( Reuters ) 

Hingis Beats Davenport 

tennis Martina Hingis won her 
1 2th title of the year Sunday, beat- 
ing Lindsay Davenport 7-5, 6-7 (9- 
7), 7-6 (7-4) in the Advanta Cham- 
pionships in Philadelphia. 

Hingis was unhappy that she 
dropped a set 

“I was thinking no one could 
beat me before, so why should they 
now. But that's not the right think- 
ing," she said. 

• Christian Vinck of Germany, 
ranked 2Q2d in the world, beat An- 
dre Agassi 6-2, 7-5 on Sunday in die 
final of the Las Vegas-USTA Chal- 
lenger tournament Agassi has fallen 
to No. 141 in die world. (AP) 

Michigan Stays No. 1 

college football Michigan 
will enter its Big 11 showdown 
against Ohio State as the No. 1 team 
in The Associated Press poll. 

The Wolverines, who beat Wis- 
consin, 26-16, on Saturday, re- 
tained the top spot with 44 first- 
place votes. Florida State (10-0). a 
58-7 winner over Wake Forest, re- 
mained No. 2 with 24 first- place 
votes, while Nebraska (10-0), 77- 
14 winner over Iowa Stale, bekl No. 
3. The Buckeyes (10-1) remained 
No. 4 after a 41-6 root of 
Illinois. (AP) 

Big Checks Everywhere 

GOLF Bruce Lietzke and Scon 
McCarron shot a 1 3- under- par 59 
in the final-round scramble Sunday 
for a two-stroke victory over Scott 
Hoch and David Duval in the Shark 
Shoot-Out. Lietzke and McCarron. 
who split $300,000, had a 30- under 
1 86 total on the Sherwood Country 
Club course. 

• In Gotemba, Japan, Lee West- 
wood of Britain successfully de- 
fended his title in the Taiheiyo 
Masters, shooting a 1 -under-par 71 
for a one-stroke victory over the 
Japanese brothers Jumbo and Joe 
Ozaki and a $214,000 first round. 

• Colin Montgomerie shot a 4- 

under-par 69 on Sunday for a three- 
siroke victoiy over Sweden’s Hen- 
rik Nystrom and England’s David 
Howell in the Hassan n GoIfTrophy 
in Rabat, Morocco. Montgomerie 
won $ 1 00,000. (AP, Reuters) 

Head of Stone 

Roberto Duran outpointed Bri- 
tain's David Radford in an eight- 
round super middleweight bout on 
the undercard of an IB F junior 
featherweight world title fight in 
Pretoria. South Africa. Duran, 46, a 
five-time world champion, raised 
his career record to 101-13. (AP) 


U.S. Soccer Coach 
Wins Some Respect 


By Steven Goff 

Washington Post Service 


FOXBORO, Massachusetts — The 
most sought-after person after the U.S. 
national soccer team's 4-2 victoiy over 
El Salvador in its World Cup qualifying 
finale at Fox boro Stadium was not Brian 
McBride, who scored two early goals. 

It was not Preki Radosavljevic, who 
scored one and helped set up the other 
three as El Salvador’s slim hopes of 
advancing to France '98 evaporated and 
Jamaica reached the World Cup for the 
first time. 

It was Alan Rothenberg, the U.S. 
Soccer Federation president, who con- 
tinues to leave the team’s coach. Steve 
Sampson, in limbo about whether 
Sampson will guide the U.S. team in 
France next summer. The first phase of 
Sampson’s contract expires next month, 
and die USSF has die option of retaining 
him through the World Cup. 

Rothenberg was a little more sup- 
portive of Sampson in his postgame 
comments Sunday than in the last few 
weeks, but again stopped short of com- 
mitting to him . 

"He’s the coach until he’s not the 
coach," said Rothenberg, who will 
meet with Sampson in the next week or 
two to discuss the coach’s status. "Ob- 
viously, the way die team has played the 
last three games [two victories, one tie] 
puts Steve in a lor better position. 

"It’s fair to say no American coach 
has more experience and results than 
Steve, so the only issue is whether we 
consider some international coach who. 
may have a ton of experience." 

The USSF has not contacted any for- 
eign coaches, Rothenberg added, but 
will begin to discuss its options this 
week. 

Said Sampson: “I am veiy proud of 
what this team has accomplished. I hope 
to have the opportunity to stay with the 
team." 

"We are all behind him, " said Jeff 
Agoos, a defender. "I would really cau- 
tion the federation. You start changing 
coaches, it takes away the rhythm, die 
stability and the consistency of the 
team.” 

A decision must be made by Dec. 4, 


when a U.S. coaching and management 
delegation goes to Marseille for the 
Wand Cup draw. At that time, the 32 
qualifiers will be divided into eight 
four-team groups for first-round play. 

Despite some rocky stretches, the 
United States played well under 
Sampson in the long qualifying process. 
It finished second to Mexico in (he six- 
nation final group dial involved teams 
from North America, Central America, 
anH the Caribbean. J amaica clinched the 
region's third and final berth Sunday by 
playing a scoreless tie with Mexico. El 
Salvador could have advanced only if it 
beat the United States and Jamaica lost 

■ There’s Joy in Jamaica 

Reuters reported from Kingston, Ja- 
maica: 

Jamaica’s 0-0 draw with Mexico 
made it the first English-speaking 
Caribbean country to qualify for the 
World Cup finals. 

The government declared Monday a 
national holiday in celebration of the 
achievement. 

P.J. Patterson, the prime minister, 
made the announcement on nati onal 
television after the match, saying gov- 
ernment offices and schools would 
close to mark the team’s triumph. 

He said that a fitting national cel- 
ebration would be held at a later date. 

Team members have already been 
promised land and low-cost loans to 
build their own homes. 

Mr. Patterson called the result "un- 
doubtedly the greatest day in Jamaica’s 
sporting history." 

The 33,00(Ucapacity crowd at King- 
ston’s national stadium began chanting 
"France! France!" before the final 
whistle. 

• Mexico seemed satisfied not to pick 
up any red cards or injuries. Jamaica, 
which has not lost at home in three years 
nor conceded a goal there in the World 
Cup qualifying campaign, appeared 
happy simply to maintain possession. 

Both teams had scoring opportuni- 
ties, with Jamaica creating and squan- 
dering more of them. 

Only two Caribbean nations had pre- 
viously qualified for the World Cup — 
Cuba in -1934 and Haiti 40 years later. 


Chile Beats Bolivia To Qualify 


Reuters 

Chile beat a nine-man Bolivia side, 3- 
0. in Santiago to qualify for the World 
Cup for the first time since 1982. 

Chile's victory Sunday gave it fourth 
place in South America’s single qual- 
ifying group and the regions’ last qual- 
ifying place. Chile edged out Peru on 
goal difference. 

Chile’s qualification was greeted 
with wild celebrations in Santiago. 

Chile won without its star striker, 
Ivan Zamorano. He had scored 12 goals 
in the qualifiers, but missed Chile's last 
four games because of a recurring calf 
muscle injury. 

Argentina, Paraguay and Colombia 
had taken three of the South American 
places before Sunday's games. 

Bolivia had already been eliminated 
but was still motivated by the bitter 
rivalry which exists between the two 
neighboring nations. It had Julio Cesar 
Baldivieso and Fernando Ochoaizpur, 
sent off in the second half. 

Rodrigo Barrera. Zamorano’s re- 


placement, and Marcelo Salas, a rising 
star, scored in the first half. A Substitute, 
Juan Carre no. added the third in the 85th 
minute. 

Salas, who plays for River Plate in 
Argent i na, has reportedly attracted the 
interest of Manchester United the Eng- 
lish champion. Alex Ferguson, the 
Manchester United manager, was 
among the 75,000 crowd on Sunday. 

In Lima, Jorge Soto scored in the 37th 
minute as Peru beat Paraguay, 1-0. 

Ecuador, which could have qualified 
if both Chile and Peru had lost, was 
beaten, 5-3 by Uruguay in Maldonado, 
Uruguay. Graziani scored three times 
for Ecuador, but Marcelo Saralegui and 
• Sebastian Abreu each scored twice for 
Uruguay. 

Argentina finished first in the South 
American group, after it drew its final 
match, 1-1. with Colombia in Buenos 
Aires. Carlos Valderrama put Colombia 
ahead in the eighth minute, but 
Fernando Cacenes tied the score in the 
68th. 


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Jones and Van Exel Excel 
As Lakers Improve to 8-0 


The Associated Press 

Eddie Jones and Nick Van Exel. 
close friends off the court, had a nearly 
perfect time on it against Vancouver. 

They combined for 52 points, hit- 
ting 19 of 2 1 shots, as the Los Angeles 

NBA Bounpup 

Lakers routed the visiting Grizzlies, 
121-95, to match their best start in 
franchise history at 8-0. 

'We shoot the basketball every 
day, and it’s paying off for us,” said 
Jones, who had 28 points. “He knows 
my likes and dislikes and when I want 
the ball. I guess you could say we’re 
clicking right now.” Jones hit 10 of 
his 12 field-goal attempts. 

Van Exel nit all nine of his field-goal 
attempts and all six of bis 3-pointers. 

"One of the reasons why I’m 
shooting the ‘3’ so well now is be- 
cause the line is back farther. The 
distance is fitting in with my range." 

The Lakers led by 21 points at 
halftime after shooting 67 percent 


from the field. 

Hawks 89, CkvMn 83 In Atlanta, 
Dtkembe Mu combo had 19 points and 
14 rebounds as the Hawks lifted their 
NBA-best record to 10-0. Steve 
Smith added 19 points for the Hawks. 
Atlanta has won each of its last seven 
games by six points or less. 

Suns 96, Rocfcats 94 In Phoenix, 
Cliff RobinsoQ hit a jumper from the 
free-throw line with three-tenths of a 
second left as the Suns came back 
from a deficit of 16 points. Kevin 
Johnson had 30 points. 10 rebounds 
and six assists for the Suns. 

Nets 77, Cavaliers 72 In Cleveland, 
Sherman Douglas scored 25 points 
and Kerry Kittles had 23 as New 
Jersey beat fee Cavaliers in front of 
12,860 fans, the smallest NBA crowd 
in Cleveland since 1992. 

SupecSonies 119, Bodes 99 In 

Seattle, Vin Baker scored 20 points 
against his former Milwaukee team- 
mates, and Jim Mcllvaine had 10 
points and 1 0 rebounds in his first start 
of tbe season for the SuperSonics. 


Tennis Star, 
Romanian, 
Gains Wild 
Reputation 


By Robin Finn 

Rev York Times Sen-ire ' 

NEW YORK — Irina Spiriea is find- 
ing it hard to shake her sudden renown 
as the wildest player to grace or disgrace^! 
a tennis court since her Romanian coun- 
tryman Hie Nastase. Not that Spiriea is 
sure she wants to shake that reputation. 

’ ‘Wild, I don’treally think I am that,'* 
said Spiriea, who was seeded eighth as 
the world’s top 16 women players began 
die Chase Championships on Monday 
night at Madison Square Garden. 

“But on die court, you know, every- 
body is crazy. You have to be crazy togb 
and spend all those hours practicing, 
practicing hitting a little ball, and then to 
be under the spotlights hitting it at 
somebody who, even if they’re your 
friend, you have to hate them when 
you 're on the court. It’s not that I’m go- 
to- the- hospital crazy, but, yes, tennis 
makes you crazy." - £ 

So far in a slow-blossoming career 
that has made the 23-year-old Romanian 
a millionaire, Spirlea’s outspokenness 
has cost her $15,000. First, there was a 
$10,000 fine and a default last year for 
cursing an umpire in Palermo, Sicily, 
where she was the two-time defending 
champion and had returned to defend her 
title only because protocol demanded it 
Spiriea was the first woman to be de- 
faulted from a match. 

Spiriea. despite a methodical climb 
into the top 10, went largely unnoticed 
until this year’s U.S. Open, where her 
spur-of-the-moment body bump to 
Venus Williams during a changeover in 
their semifinal, which Spiriea lost, along 
with an expletive- undeleted description 
of the highly hyped Williams in a post- 
match news conference, put her on the jg 
map. The expletive cost Spiriea $5,000. 

Spiriea began playing tennis when she 
was 7 years old after her parents gave her 
one day to decide whether she wanted to 
learn die violin or to play tennis. She had 
wanted to be a gymnast tike Nadia Com- 
aneci but was too talL At Dinamo 
- Bucharest, the club where she took ten- 
nis lessons, 30 students shared one court 
and two coaches. 

.. - "It was tike being in the jungle, and 
only the strong ones survived it," Spir- 
iea said "Some days my father would 
watch us and count how many times I got 
to hit the balL But it was better than being 
shut inside four walls wife a violin.” 

Her career made a fitful start Under 
Nicolae Ceausescu’s regime, Spirlea’s 
exit visas were regularly taken away on 
the eve of international junior compe- 
titions even when she was "way too 
young" to think of defecting. 

"I was pretty lucky feat when fee 
revolution came along I was still young 
enough to start a tennis career." said 
Spiriea, who turned pro in 1990, bank- 
rolled by $400 from Italian friends of £ 
her lather. Du mitre, a pentathlon coach^ 
who competed for Romania in the 1980 
Olympics. 

"I would sit in the locker room wife 
players I’d only seen on television," she 
said- "It was tike a dream, and all 1 
wanted to do was be able to hit wife 
them, not beat them. At home, fee people 
still only lode at how much money you 
make, not what results you had." 

Spiriea made her breakthrough wife 
victories against Amanda Coetzer and 
Gabriela Sabatini in 1992. "That's 
when 1 started to think like a profes- 
sional, to think of winning." she said. 


Flyers Give Light ning a Lesson on Ice 


The Associated Press 

While Mike Keenan was 
starting to straighten things 
out as the new coach in Van- 
couver, Jacques Demers was 
still having problems at 
Tampa Bay. which is winless 
in 15 games and has lost its 
last nine. 

* ‘We played ooe of the best 
teams in fee NHL to the best 
of our ability tonight," De- 
mers said after a 3-2 loss at 




Philadelphia on Sunday 
night. 

"The difference was that 
fee Flyers know how to win a 
game like this. We have to 
learn how to do that" 

Rod Brind’Amour scored 
two goals in fee third period, 
including the game-winner 
wife one minute left, as Phil- 
adelphia handed the visiting 
Lightning their ninth straight 
loss. 

Since replacing interim 
coach Rick Patterson on 
Wednesday, Demers is 0-2. 

The Flyers, who have lost 
only once in their last nine 
games, came back from a 2-1 
deficit in the third period after 
giving up two goals to Al- 
exander Selivanov, 

Canucks 4, Hurricanes t 

Keenan has bad better luck in 
Vancouver since he took over 
for fee fired Tom Renney on 
Friday. He has won once and 
tied once in two games. 
Against Carolina, Alexander 
Mogilny scored twice for 
Vancouver, which is un- 



BwtnWH- 1 

Mike Richter, the New York Ranger goattender, stopping the puck against Colorado. 


beaten in three games after 
losing IQ straight 

"It’s pretty simple wife 
Mike,” Mogilny said of 
Keenan. “If you aren’t going 
to work bard, you aren’t go- 
ing to play." 

Red Wings 3, Btecfchanrics 3 

In Chicago, Nicklas Lidstrom 
scored with 8.4 seconds left in 
regulation, his second goal in 
the third period, as Detroit 
tied Chicago. 

. Detroit trailed 3-1 and had 
managed only one shot in fee 
first 13 minutes of the third 
when Tony Antonie was pen- 
alized for booking Darren 
McCarty. Lidstrom took ad- 
vantage of the power play, 
beating Jeff Hackett from be- 


tween fee circles wife 6:42 
remaining in regulation. 

Then with Detroit’s goal- 
tender, Kevin Hodson, hav- 
ing been pulled for an extra 
attacker in the waning 
seconds, Lidstrom took a slap 
shot from the point, and the 
puck trickled between Hack- 
ett’s pads and into the net. 

Rang er * 4, Avalanche 1 In 

New York, Pat LaFontaine 
scored a goal and assisted on 
three others to lead the 
Rangers to victory over Col- 
orado. 

LaFontaine' s line, wife tbe 
rejuvenated Alexei Kovalev 
skating on ’fee right wing, 
scored two second-period 
goals that put the Rangers 


ahead for good. 

New York's penalty- 
killers stopped tbe Avalanche 
on four power plays. 

The Rangers have allowed 
only one goal in the last 27 
power plays against them. 

Stare 4, Mighty Ducks O 

Mike Modano set up short- 
handed goals by Sergei 
Zubov and Jere Lehttnen as 
visiting Dallas beat Anaheim 
behind goaltender Ed 
Belfour’s league-leading 
fourth shutout 

Be [four made 3 1 saves ex- / 
tending Anaheim's winless 
streak to four games. Belfbur 
has posted victories and 
five of his 35 career shutouts 
against fee Ducks. 





LJ* V&P 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1997 


PAGE 21 


SPORTS 


> 


T N 




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49 ers Breeze to NFC West Crown 

Hapless-Tumed-Happy Colts Stun Packers With Late Field Goal 


■ ■ .. 

. ' 


•J' j* 


. The Associated Pros 

The San Francisco 49crs, who looked 
dead after their season opener, clinched 
the NFC West after only 11 games. 

San Francisco won its 10th consec- 
utive game on Sunday, beating the Car- 
olina Panthers, 27-19* to tie the 198S 


V -K 


The Bears’ Chris Penn being spUMhy the Jets’ 




Sar OpscU/Bnm 


Flutie Leads Toronto Argonauts tg> Grey Cup 


The Associated Press 

EDMONTON, Alberta — Doug 
Flutie led the Toronto Argonauts to. 
their second straight Grey Cup, the 
Canadian Football League champion- 
ship, throwing three touchdown 
passes and shaking loose to run for 
another seme in a 47-23 victory over 
the Saskatchewan Roughriders. 


■ * •_ . y>V_; 

Flutie, a former Heisman Trophy 
winner, completed 30 of 38 passes foe 
352 yards and . was pfcfced as the 
game’s MVP. last week,-, he was 
^chosen astfaeCFL’s most outstanding 
player for the sixth time. 

A crowd of 60,431, tbird-largest in 
Grey Cup history, saw Flutie throw 
touchdown passes of 14 yards to 


Dexrell Mitchell, 6 yards to Robert 
Drummond and 5 yards to Mike Clem- 
ons. Flutie also ran 10 yards for a 
score. 

The Rou ghri ders, an 8-10 team that 
won two playoff games on the road to 
advance to the championship game, 
ran out of upset as their quarterback, 
Reggie Slack, was kept in check. 


game schedule in lv /8. 

The string of victories under die 
team’s rookie coach, Steve MariuccL 
followed San Francisco's season-open- 
ing loss at Tampa Bay. In that game, 
Jerry Rice went down with a serious 
knee injury and Steve Young lad & 
concussion. 

Last year, Carolina swept the 49ers 
and won die division that San Francisco 
had owned for most of die previous 15 
years. “It feels great to take it back from 
the team that had taken it away from us 
so boldly,” said Young, who threw for a 
score and ran for another while com- 
pleting 17 of 22 passes for 221 yards. 

Terry Kirby’s 101-yard kickoff re- 
turn to open the second half pur the 
49ers ahe ad , 24-6. Carolina closed to 
within 24-19 in the fourth quarter, but 
could get no closer. 

Cotte 41, Packers 34 Cary Bl anchar d 
lacked a 20-yard field goal as time ex- 
pired, die third game-winning field goal 
by Blanchard a gains t a defending Super 
Bowl champion in three years. 


goal on the game's final play as Kansas 
City closed to within a game of die 
Broncos in die AFC West. A minute 
earlier, Jason Elam bad kicked a 34- 
yarder to put Denver ahead. 

Denver jumped to a 13-0 lead. Then 
Kansas City’s defense and special 
teams, led by Denick Thomas, D onni e 
Edwards and Tamarick Vanover, set up 
three touchdowns that gave die Chiefs a 


The visiting Colts (1-10) moved 72 
yards in the final 5:19 after Green Bay 
tied it, 38-38, on Brett Favre’s second 
TD pass to Antonio Freeman. 

Paul Justin, the Colts quarterback, 
passed for a career-high 340 yards. 

Chiefs 24, Broncos 22 In Kansas City, 
Pete Stoyanovich kicked a 54-yard field 


21-13 cushion. But two field goals by 
Elam cut the lead to 21-19 and Ehvay 
took about minute to drive the twm 61 
yards to set up Elam's fifth 3-pointer. 

Ravens ia. Eagles io Hie Eagles and 
the Ravens played 75 minutes and man- 
aged only one touchdown apiece in a 
10-10 tie, the first in the NFL since 
Kansas City tied Cleveland 1989. 

Baltimore wasted nine sacks and lost 
a 10-3 lead at home in die final four 
minutes of regulation. Philadelphia had 
only three first downs in the first half 
and botched a chance to win when Chris 
Boniol’s 40-yard field goal attempt 
sailed wide light as time expired. 

Cowboys 17, Rsilslrinv 14 Troy Aflc- 
man's clutch passing and Richie Cun- 
ningham’s 42-yard field goal with four 
seconds left kept host Dallas close in the 
NFC East. Dallas drove 97 yards and tied 
die game at 14 with 1 :55 left on Altaian's 
6-yard pass to Michael Irvin and a 2-point 
conversion pass to running back Emmitt 
Smith 

Jsts 23, B ear s is Otis Smith inter- 
cepted two passes, returning one for a 
38-yard touchdown, and caused a third 
by tipping a pus as New York stayed 
atop the AFC East. 


IMdsrs 38, Chargers 13 Harvey Wil- 
liams scored a career-high four touch- 
downs as visiting Oakland snapped a 
three-game losing sneak. Hie Chargers 
failed to score an offensive touchdown. 
In losing three straight games, they have 
surrendered 113 points. 

Saints 20, Ssahawka 17 Warren 
Moon, the Seattle quarterback, was in- 
tercepted on the first play of overtime 
and Doug Bricn kicked a 38-yard field 
goal on the next play to give New Or- 
leans a home victory over Seattle. 

Falcons 27, items 21 In St. Louis, 
'Chris Chandler threw a 2-yard touch- 
down pass to Brian Kozlowslri with 
6:03 to go as Atlanta beat St Louis for 
the second time in three weeks. 

In games reported in late editions, 
Monday: 

Liens 38, VHdngs 15 Scott Mitchell, 
shook off a sore leg and passed for 271 
yards and two touchdowns as Demit 
snapped visiting Minnesota's six-game 
winning screak. 

Bucs 27, Patriots 7 Trent Differ threw 
for 209 yards and one touchdown and 
Mike Alston and Errict Rhett scored on 
1-yard runs for host Tampa. 

stooiera 20 , Btigtii 3 In Pittsburgh, 
Kordell Stewart threw two touchdown 
passes in the second half as Pittsburgh 
remained tied for first in the AFC Cen- 
tral with Jacksonville. 

Jaguar* 17, oilers 9 Jacksonville kept 
Tennessee’s star running back, Eddie 
George, in check and got an efficient 
game from quarterback Mark Brunell as 
it won its 12th straight ax home. 


Giants 19, Cardinals ID Charles Way 
i for 114 yards and Danny Kanell 


ran for 114 yards and Danny Kanell 
threw for two TDs to keep host New 
York in first place in the NFC East 


Scoreboard 


BASKETBALL 


NBA Standings 


Miami 
‘New York 
New Jeney 
, Orlando 
Barton 
-Washington 
-PMmMpNo 


ATLANTIC DMMON 

W L Pd GB 

6 3 567 — 

6 3 Ml — 

5 3 .<£25 Vi 

5 A 556 1 

4 5 444 2 

4 5 .444 2 

I 2 6 no 3K 


Atlanta 
-Charlotte 
■Chicago 
MRwoakee 
Cleveland 
Indiana 
.Detroit' - 
. Toronto 


CENTRAL DIVISION 


d uaao — 

3 .525 4 

4 400 4 

4 556 4K 

5 .444 5Vi 

5 M4 SfA 

6 ADO 6 

b .in tt* 


Rebounds— Hoaston 46 (OiotuMxi 12, 
Phoenix 57 Uohrwcn IQ). Aurtote — Houston 
24 (Deader 6), Phoenix 19 OQdd 7). 
Mamuka* 22 21 36 30- 99 

S« ant* 33 35 29 22-119 

MrABen M2 54 21, Robinson 8-16&41& 
S: Baker 9-13 22 2a Schterapf 9-12 2-2 19. 
■*— Ns MBwoukee 38 (Fetch ffl, Seattle 
48 (McUvoine 109. Asristfr-MIMrufcee 20 
(Brandon 6}, Seattle 29 (Sdvwnpf 8). 
Vancouver ZJ 28 29 23— 95 

LJLLriun 20 26 39 18-121 

ViAbduHtaNm 10-22 5426 Dontete 5-10 
3-3 IS LA. LAKERS; Jones 10-12 Ml 28» 
Van Exel 99 0-0 24. Rabeunds— Vancouver 
51 (Masenbmg 8), Los Angela* 51 (Hatty 
12).Aartrts— Vancouver 25 (Doriefc 71 Los 
Angries 30 (Van Exel B). 


West Virginia 9, Marquefie 4 GaHfamto 4, 
Wtnhfagtan4CobradoStft$W Missouri St. 
X Mktfgon St2 South AtoboraoZ Missouri 
V OkWtomSL 1, Vmdarbn 1. 


V-Mogfcry 3 (Mesatec, Unden) (pp). State 


CENTRAL 




21 . Missouri 

7-4 

277 

25 

am goal: Canritaa 7-8-8-23. V- 9-4-9— 3Z 

Green Bay 

8 

3 

0 

JV 

271 

217 

22. West Vbglnia 

7-2 

208 



Gariks: Canritaa Boiko. V-McLecn. 

Minnesota 

8 

3 

0 

JU 

253 

239 

2ft Purdue 

7-3 

185 

19 

TtonpaBey 2 B 9—2 

Tampa Bay 

8 

3 

0 

JV 

235 

179 

24 Wisconsin 

B-3 

178 

23 

Pfritedetphte 8 1 3-3 

Detroit 

5 

6 

0 

455 

235 220 

2ft Colorado St 

8-2 

168 

— 


SOCCER 


WorldCup 


CE HOCKEY 


NHL Standings 


ATLANTIC DIVBION 
W L T Pk 


The AP TOP 25 


♦ / / III / 


f ft* u ’ H 


' Son Antonio 
Minnesota 
r Utati 
Vancouver 
Dattas 
• Houston 
'Denver . • ■ 


L PCI GB 
3 467 • — 

3 425 % 

4 -556 1 

6 400. 2* 

5 -575 Xt 

S 371 SH 

-8 M0' ■'Rf 


Top 25 Kama In Associated Proas' man's 
baakattufl pofl, with IMtUci votes In 
pmntheaae, records through Noil II, tout 
potato baaed on 25 poMs tor BraHriace 
voto through one point tor SBOvptoce vote, 
and piwtou* ranking: 

Record Pis Pvs 

1. Arizona (308 ‘ 86- 14BS 1 

Z Kansas C® 1-0 1469 2 

ft DufcpCT) 14- 1,592 3 

4.M. Corfflno B5 , . 16 $ ftSSB 4 . 

■ s3G*m»on | ■ | -1-0 'i. fc352 . Sfe. 


Phlodeipiila 

13 

6 

3 

29 

66 

51 

New Jeney 

14 

5 

0 

28 

60 

34 

Wbriitagton 

12 

7 

2 

26 

60 

48 

N-Y.tstanden 

8 

8 

4 

20 

56 

50 

N.Y. Rangets 

6 

7 

7 

19 

51 

SO 

Florida 

6 

9 

4 

16 

42 

57 

Tampa 8oy 2 15 2 6 

NORTHEAST DtVBtON 

33 

6B 


w 

L 

T 

PH 

GF 

GA 

Montreal 

13 

5 

2 

28 

67 

44 

Boston 

10 

7 

3 

23 

51 

47 

Ottawa 

9 

8 

4 

22 

60 

S3 

Pittsburgh 

9 

9 

4 

22 

97 

59 

Qnrino 

8 

10 

3 

19 

58 

62 

Bufiato 

5 10 

4 

14 

47 

61 


* LX Lotas 
‘Phoenix 
Porihmd 
.Seattle 
Sacramento 
LXCDppefs 
'Gofden State 


AttoRtD 23 22 18 24- W 

LXCBppew; Batty 6-147-721, Mortn 8-13 
. 06 1ft A: Motombod-ll 11-14 18 5ra» 46 
M0 19. Rs kes sd i L osAigatat48 (VougM 
91, Atlanta 52 (Mutarnbo 14}. AsNsto-Lo* 
“Angeles 18 (Richardson 6), Altanta 15 
..(Btoytockd}. 

, New Jersey 13 27 12 25- 77 

davalmd 14 21 21 16- 72 

- NJj Deugtaa 10-192-4 2ft KiNta 8-23 7-8 
23j C: Poison 6-12 2-2 14 Kemp 5-11 4-8 14. 
1 ‘Rabeuads-Wew Jea*yS6 ao-WBUams 16), 
* Clssetand 52 (Kemp 111, Asrtrts-New 
. Jeney 22 (GB ft Dwgtos SI Ctevetantl 18 
CKdoMS). 

HsustoR 22 28 20 24- 94 

Thoarts • 23 13 28 32-96 

. H:Ota|uwoilM7442fc Ptl»«2-2 13; P: 
'.Johnson 13-1* 6-6 3d Odd 8-18 3-6 21. 



ftPuntoe 

1-0 

U59 



ftKflntadty • 

90 

1448 



HLXavter ■ 

0-0 

1650 

10 


11. New Mexico 

1-0 

1646 

11 


lZCwraecBcwt 

1-0 

881 

12 


11 Fresno St 

w 

783 

13 


14 Iowa 

zo 

741 

15 


lftSkmfanl 

06 

702 

14 

D 

16. Utah 

16 

643 

16 

.89 

17.R£.CtaBMte 

06 

560 

18 


CENTRAL OMBON 

W L T PS 6F H 
14 3 2 30 6? 45 
13 5 4 30 73 52 

Oirattls 

2 ira 16 40 55 


Ffeft Patted: T-SeUvonov 4 (Ranbetg) Z 
Tampa B at, Sdvanav 5 (YseboerO (pp). 
Sacoad Parted: P-Klatt 4 (Unta Ledoir) 
TIM pa rted . P-Briraf Amour 8 [Coffey, 
NHmoa) & P-Brtod Amour 9 (Zobrus, 
DestanSns) Shots an seat; T- 7-4-10-21. P- 
7-1 0-1 0-27. Godtas: T4>uppa. P-HodolL 
Detroit 1 8 2 0-3 

CUcogo 1 2 8 0-3 

Hat Parted: C-Bkxk 2 (SebneaMIte) 2.D- 
Standm 10 (Ytamorv McCarty) (pp). Send 
Petted: C-Lctoucl CLa9ansncZ)minov)lC- 
Johnsoa 4 (AmonM Kriwtamov) Third Parted: 
DJJdrtan 7 (Ksteu, Murphy) (pp). 6, D- 
Ltdstnxn 8 (Stamhotv Ltsfanov) Ovartena; 
Nona. ftendha-Nona. State an fad: D- 13-12- 
104-39. Cr 7X10-1-26. ffiNir. O+kxtson 
.CHkWL 

Ddtas 1 2 T— 4 

Anahatai 8 0 0-8 

Hit P atte d: D-ZiAov 3 [Mode no) (ah). 
Sacand Parted: D-Nteosendyk 13 [Zubov. 
Hogoe) X D-LahSnen 5 CModnno) (M- 
ThU P atted : D4MaahaR 2 (Qabonnaou) 
Stats -an gaol: D- 13-13-7-33. A- 7-14- 
10—31. C a Jaa; D-Bettbot. A-Shtolenfcov. 


Chkogo 1 10 0 JJ91 

WEST 

x-Sun FmndscD 10 1 0 509 

GoraNno 5 tf 0 JB 

NevrOrieons 4 7 0 J64 

Aflonto 3 8 0 271 

SI Louts 2 9 0 .182 

Ktaon dMsiontltte 

Now York Gtante 19. Artzotu 10 
Altanta 27, St Louis 21 
Pittsburgh 20 Oncinnafl 3 
Kanos aty 24 Denver 22 
Indtangiolk 41, Gnen Bay 38 
JacksawtBa 17, Tennaeaea 9 
Detroit 3B Minnesota T5 
Tampa Bay 27, Now England 7 
PMadataNa 1 ft BdtkBore 10 
Now Orleans 2ft Seattle 1 7. OT 
San Frandsca 27, CaroBna 19 
Mm York Jets 23. Cfakaga 15 
Dallas 17, B taab tagtoa 14 
Oakland 3ft San Diego 13 


Others receMng. voles: South. Miss. 7ft Air 
Pme 68, Mississippi 4ft Totodo3ft OMahoma 
St 31, lowa 2&MOOMB 27, Tana Tadi 24 
Loohtona Tech Zft New Mestco 21, Southern 
Cdliaemaoa 5, Vkginta 4 Utah SI 1. 


CRICKET 


CONCMAPXOMi 

Coda Woo ft Canada 1 
Jamaica ft MadcaO 
Urded States* El Salvador 2 
nwAL otamp trine. q-Madco 18 petals; 
q-Unlted States 17 ) q-Jama lea 14 ; Casta Rlai 
lft ElSolvadoriO; Canada 4 
0 -quoDfl*d lor World Cup finals 


S. Yevgeny KafataBtow Russia 2^50 
4 Greg RosedskL Britain. 2^1 7 

7. Cartas Moya Spain, 2508 

8. Sergl Braguem, Spain, 2J67 

9. Thomas Mufteo Audita, 1353 
1 ft Mrrato Rios. Chlte 2J1 7 

1 1 . Richard Krafioak, Ndhertond4ft299 
12 Alex Conefe* Spain. ft27S 
12 Petr Korda. Czech RepubBc. 2^61 

14. Gustavo Kuerten. Bitsft 231 S 

15. Goran hmnbavlc Croatia, 2176 


PAKISTAN VS. WEST M0C3 
FOIST TEST. 1ST DAY 
MONDAY IN PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN 

West ladles: 151 
Pakistan: 14-1 


VICTORIA VS. NEW ZEALAND 
FOUR DAY NATCH, 4TH DAY 
MOMMY N MasOUSS. AUSTRALIA 

New Zealand: 82 and 173 
Victoria: 173 and 83 tor five. 

Victoria won by five wtdeeta. 


Argentina 1 , Cotombta 1 
Chile 1 BoOvla D 
Peru 1 , Paraguay 0 
Uruguay ft EcuodorS 
final stamp wrong q-AryentiiM 30 
potats a-Raraguay 2 ft ipcotamblo 2 ft a- 
Chile 29 ; Para 25 ; Ecuador 21 ; Uraguay 21 ; 
Bolhria 1 ft Venezuela X 
q-qualfted tar Worid Cup finds 


AntraOa vs. Iranan Nov. 22 In Tuhmi Iran 
and on Nov. 29 in Metoaumb Australia. 


Grey Cup 


FOOTBALL 


7 12 2 16 40 
6 9 3 15 36 


NFLGiftAm 


SSSMTS EDMOKTCT^ALBSnA 
Tonsda 47 , Saska)diMmo 23 

TmeAPTop25 


Ana ENTHfE Masters 


W L T Pts GF GA 

10 5 6 26 61 52 


18. Tempi* " 
19 -Okkdnaa 
2 ft Rhode tetad 
21 . Mlidratapl 
ZLLoulBvge . 
23 . Indiana 
24 IRnoUSL 
25 . Georg la 


Los Angeles 9 8 4 22 72 60 

AnMwfcn I 8 S 21 54 99 

Edmonton 5 10 5 15 46 67 

SanJase 6 14 1 13 S 3 69 

Vancouver 5 13 3 13 S 3 74 

Grigory 3 13 5 IT 53 71 


N-Y.JMs 

Miami 

NcwEngtand 

Buffalo 

ImBonapofli 


EAST 

W LT Pd. PP PA 
7 4 a 236 260 211 
6 4 0 200 206 186 
6 5 0 545 261 192 


Ibp 28 Rve tsesna In Aa aodato d Praas 
rrri tega tooto— p o d. s fi te fit s t pteoa asto a hi 
p Man th aaaa.racotdatlwDupiNou.T 5 .total 
pobtfa based on 25 potato forfiratptaoe wore 
through one pains tor 2501 plaoa eon and 


Othao receMng rates Ondnrad 121 . 
Mmytand 94 Prinoaton 92 . Minnesota 91 . St 
Jeters 7 ft Roridr St 77 , Arionsaa 6 ft 
Syraan« 5 iUNLV 4 & St Josephs 44 Wok* 
Forest 44 Michigan 3 ft Toms Oirtefian 24 
Ma*soctaiaanB 24 Geotge Wtaahlngten 22 , E. 
Michigan 1 ft Misstaippi St 19 , Hmrafi li 
istaois 1 ft Iowa St 1 ft Long Wand 0 . 1 & 
Tons lft Georgetown 12 , N.GnoBnoStlft 
New Mnko St 1 ft Padficft Tennessee ft 


Catered* 10 0-1 

ICY. R e agan I 2 1-4 

‘ Ftast Parted: C-Odgets 2 (Deoibnantv 
SaUd 2 . New YDtk,Sweeney 2 (LaFontaina. 
Rniey) InU. Sacand Parted; New York. 
Kovalev 2 (LaFontob* SWi e ne y i 4 New 
York, Utfcatotae 10 (Kovates Cotas) Third 
Parted: New York. Sswanay 3 (LoFontotatJ 
Sbets a n | aN:G- 8 - 7 - 12 - 27 . New Ytek 15 - 13 - 
7 — 33 . BrMter C-Roy. Naw Ybtft RUrier. 
Corafine 10 0-1 

V anea uw r 12 1— 4 

Rnt Parted: V-Scdtohort 3 (Nartonft 
Noonan) ft. Carolina Laach 4 (MandenriDe) 
(sh). f eesad Petted: V-Munyn 1 CBageri 
4 V-Mogftry 2 (Lodynrd. Bum) Ttted Parts* 


Jodaonvflta 

Pittsburgh 

Tamn aa n 

BaHraor* 

Ctadnoofi 


Kansas C*y 
Seattle 
Oakland 
San Diego 


NJY.GtatdS 

DoBas 

Wasfatogton 

P tebde lpMo 

Aitooo 


5 

5 

0 

500 

170 

225 

prevtoue leteg: 




1 

10 

0 

.091 

195 296 


Rscsrd 

Pit 

PVS 

csmuL 




1 . Michigan ( 44 ) 

106 

7.723 

1 

8 

3 

0 

JV 

279 211 

2 . Florida St ( 24 ) 

106 

1495 

2 

8 

3 

0 

JV 

261 

203 

3 . Nebraska Q) 

106 

1422 

3 

5 

6 

0 

455 

226 

214 

4 . Ohio St 

10-1 

1413 

4 

4 

6 

1 

409 

220 241 

5 . Tennessee 

8-1 

1442 

5 

3 

8 

0 

J 73 

194 

283 

6 . Persist 

8-1 

1401 

6 

WEST 





7 . UCLA 

8-2 

1.296 

9 


2 

0 

418 

324 

1 M 

■.NarthCareBna 

9-1 

1 . 2*4 

8 

8 

3 

0 

JV 

228 

789 

9 . Kansas 51 

9-1 

7,798 

ID 

6 

5 

0 

545 

2 S 0 

258 

1 ft Florida 

8-2 

1466 

12 

4 

Z 0 J 64 

275 282 

11 . Washington St 

• 9-7 

1454 

14 

4 

7 

0 

-364 

2 T 5 

289 

12 . Arizona St 

8-2 

1027 

15 

UU.I 

conn 

IBB® 

Cl 


1 ft Auburn 

8-2 

888 

16 

EAST 





14 Georgia 

7-2 

838 

7 

W 

L T 

PeL 

PF 

PA 

15 . Misdsatpri St 

7-2 

686 

17 

7 

4 

0 

436 

211 

200 

16 . T— HIM 

8-2 

657 

18 

6 - 

5 

0 

545 

229 

168 

17 . Washington 

7-3 

514 

13 

6 

5 

0 

545 

217 

169 

16 Syracuse 

86 

506 

21 

4 

6 

1 

409 

180 

224 

19 . Virginia Tech 

7-2 

494 

19 

2 

9 

0 

.182 

180 

249 

2 ft LSU 

7-3 

456 

11 


Rnrt arm In 070000 Argamina 
Uesrare god taam ain an t 00 Sunday in 
BuenaaAIreo: 

BemhORtLangacGer. 73696067-277 

Edutado Rometa Ary. 69 - 74 - 67 - 66-^78 

Payne Stewort ILS. 73 - 7268 - 66-280 

Ariel CawtaAig. 70 - 726969-281 

RtatodoGorzalebAig. 7267 - 69 - 72—281 

Ruben Alvarez. Aig. 69 - 7360 - 71— 281 

Angel Cabrera Aig. 75 - 706068-281 

Greg Green. Aastidbi 70 - 71 - 71 - 71—283 

Paul Aztager, Uft. 69 - 72 - 72 - 70-284 

RoyMadtonzlaCMto 77 - 71 - 66 - 72-206 


England ft Cameroon 0 
Germany ft Soirtti Afrfcx 0 

mMaanopvMvwoM 
La Howe 1, Strasbourg 1 
En AvnntGutagnrap 1, Rennes 0 
■TAMDSMOtot Monetae 33 paints; PSG 
Metz Sij Bordeaux 30; Monaco 2ft Lens 2ft 
Bastta, Auxnrra Lyon 2ft Montpefltef 21; 
TodRnse2ftG«ilnganplftNantaBlftSfnis- 
bourg, Cbateouraux 15; Le Ham 14b Ratmos 
lftCannasll. 


1. Marita HJngta, Surltzeriond. 6525 potats 
Z Lindsay Davenport U ft, 2784 
ft Jana Novotna. Czedi Repiridc. ft454 

4. AaiandD Coeber, South AftfctL ft380 

5. Maria Seles. Uft. 1246 
4 Iva Mafoft Croatia XOB 

7. Maty Pierce. France, 1430 

8. Arantxa 5anchs. Spain, 2417 

9. Irina Spirtaa. Romania 241 5 

10. ConcMta Martinez, Spate. 2.111 

1 1. Mary Jae Fernandez, ILS* 1.942 

12. Anke Huber; Germany, L924 
l3.5andrfneTestod, Franca 1.787 
1 4 Natha8oTauztat Franca L730 

IS. Brando Sdrattz-McCarttiy; Noth. 1ft71 


TRANSITIONS 


1. Gng Nornvnv Audnria 1200 potato 
Z Tiger ^ Woods, UA. 1058 
ft Emte Els. South Africa 948 
4 Nkft Prtca ZbnbriMK, 950 
5. Davis Love III U.S. 825 
4 Co&n Morigomerla Britakv 871 

7. Masasiri Ozrriti Japaa 840 

8. Mark O'Meara Uft. 823 

9. Ptfl Mirietean, Uft, 842 

10. Tam Lehman, Uft. 733 

11. Jnsftn Laonartl Uft.6ftB 

12. Scott Koctk U5.489 
11 David Duval Uft. 478 
14 Brad Faxorv Uft, 657 
15. Nick Frida BiBota 645 


Tenerife 1, Merida 1 
Valencia 1, Real Brils 0 
mANMNMe- Barcelona 28 prints; Red 
Madrid, Cedn Vigo 24 Esparryri2ft Attafico 
Mrakid Real Sodedad 2ft MaBorca 2ft AIL 
BOxra Oviedo lft Merida 15n Zaragoza Red 
Betts 14 Deporihm Coruna Compasteia 1ft 
Rodng Sontandec Totwrite 12; Vttentio ll; 
VaDodrild ft Salamancn 4‘ Sporting Gftm 1. 


MOTSAU 

. • NATTONAL FOOTBALL LEAOUI 

CHKA 6 0 W aived CB Tony Stugail and 
DE Kurt Barber. AdtvotedRBMidiaelifida 
and CB Terry Cousin ftnmpradtai squad. ' 

hew omjA its— Signed CB ponoranGraer 
to 1-year contract 

sah at Eco-Signed OS Casey Wridon. Pot 
OB Jhn Everett and K John Comey on fadurad 
reserve. Signed S Genme WtBfams from 
pradtoe squad. 


TENNIS 


SUNDAY M WLLANOVA, PENNSYLVAMA 
FINAL 

Martha Htagia 01 Swttz. dot Undray 
Dovenpori. (5), U5. 76,6-7, (9-7), 76; (76). 


1- Pete Sampras, Uft, 4547 potats 

2. Patrick RofteL Australia. 1210 

3. Michael Chang, Uft, 3,1 89 

4 Jonas B|ortanaa Swedea £949 


HXIKMUL HOCKEY LEAOUE 
san Joss-Traded LW Viktor Kozlov to 
Ftorida tor 1998 IsFround draft cholct Re- 
cused RW Alax Kmriyuk bora Ketitudty, 
AHL Returned C Sieve Guola to Karivdcy. 
RecaBed LW Barry PatoavtU tram Las Vto- 
gaalHL 

TAMPA SAY-Ftaed F Rob Zamunsb F 
Mftael Ren bog, F Mftad Andatssoa, F 
Mick Vukata D Roman Hamrik, D Igor 
Ulanov, D Kart Oykhuk, and G Dcsren Poppa 
for leporllng late to pradke on Satontoy 
morning. PotC Brian Bradtey an the Injured 
DeL Raadtad RW Pool Brouwou hum 
ArfiraodackrAHL 


hoeth cakhjma— S igned Bit GotteUga 
mem baskribal coach, to 5-yccu contract 


-DENNIS THE MENACE PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 


WOW D0€55H£ AHP IF 5HE OOESMY 

fSaimloA WiOWIFTHB SET THI5 LETTER, HOW 

eZnJtZj LETTER SHE 60T UflLL SHE KHOU) WU 
cmdiadJSJMfi: WA5 yOORLAST ASKED HBUF SHE 60T 
0 LETTER? YOUR LAST LETTER? 


Ill*** 







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LATEST POL. 
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GRAPH UPSIDE- j 
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-HOPETCUTE } DCKT HOO 
AU. PACKED, j UME 92ME 

dad. A Homework. 
^ — Ldim to do? 




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WIZARD of ID 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 1$, 1997 


ART BUCHWALD 


Reviewing the Critics The Dark Side ° fLifc for the Y <»Uth of Hong Kong 


\I7ASHINGT0N — Un- 
▼ V der the Truth-in- 
Columning Act, I most con- 
fess feat 1 attended opening 
night of- the new Broadway 
Show “The Scarlet Pimper- 
nel” with two free tickets. It 
was a glitzy 
event, and ev- 


eryone was full 
of optimism — 
and fear. 

To be per- 
fectly honest, I 
liked the show. 

I liked the per- 
formances, I 
.liked the sets, I 
liked the music, and I liked 
the book. As 1 sat in the audi- 
ence I said to myself, “Now 
this is theater, and I don’t 
have to lie to anybody that I 
liked it” 

When I was leaving, a TV 
person stock a mike in my 
face and asked me what I 
thought of the show. I said. “I 
liked it very much. I enjoyed 
myself, and I'm going to 
bring my children.” 

Then I went off to the cast 
party where everything was 


iBnchwald 


Burgundy Prices 
Zoom at Beaune Sale 

Reuters 

BEAUNE, France — Prices 
for Burgundy wine shot up at 
the annual Hospices de Beau- 
ne charity wine auction. Prices 
were up 47 percent from last 
year’s, the fourth consecutive 
yearly rise. Prices had risen 
1 1.8 percent last year. 

A white wine, BatardMont- 
rachet, fetched the highest 
price Sunday, soaring 78 per- 
cent That pot the value of a 
bottle of the wine at about 507 
francs ($87), not counting the 
costs of bottling, storage, tax 
and transport, which wine 
traders said could doable die 
cost before it’s sold. 


free — and 1 liked that, too. I 
might mention drat everybody 
I talked to daring the evening 
felt the same way I did, an3 
there must have beat a thou- 
sand people ai die party. 

The next morning I woke 
up and purchased The New 
York Times, New York Post 
and New York Daily News. 
All three critics the 
show. Nobody liked the book 
ot the music or anything about 
"Pimpernel.” They really 
beat dp on it with nightsticks. 

I immediately began to 
question my own judgment 

How could I like 
something that all three New 
York papers hated? What 
right did I have to enjoy a 
musical that these distin- 
guished critics spat on? 


I called Andy Stacks and 
said, “Did you see the re- 
views of “The Scarlet Pim- 
pernel*? What do you 


His response was, “I hated 
it, too.” 


you told me that you loved 
it” 

“A person can change his 
mind,'* he said. 

“Is it possible that you 
didn't know whether you 
liked it or not until the critics 
decided if. it was worth- 
while?” 

“It's possible but very un- 
likely. I have a mind or my 
own. It so happens that these 
critics wouldn't be any use 
unless they knew what was 
good or bad for us.” 

"They’re only three 
people. The producers de- 
serve a bigger sampling than 
that when someone puts $10 
milli on into a show. 

“If the critics didn't know 
more than the rest of us, 
they’d all be up ladders chan- 
ging lightbulbs on Broad- 
way." 


By Edward A. Gargan 

New York Times Service 

H ONG KONG — Fruit Chan 
Kuo paints a different Hong 
Kong — not the Hong Kong of 
mirrored office towers, not of Gucd, 
Versace, Chanel, not of hushed 
Rolls-Royces and growling Mer- 
cedeses, not a Hong Kong at ease. 

His Hong Kong is a place of 
dense, dark apartment blocks, petty 
criminals, mean streets, deserted 
wives and families and die wages 
of poverty. 

“Poverty leads to evil," a wom- 
an whispers in Chan's new movie, 
“Made in Hong Kong,” the first 
independent Elm released after the 
territory’s return to Chinese rule on 
July L. The film etches a disturbing 

Eractured families and nonchalant 
violence, a place distrustful of, 
even indifferent to. its future. 

“In Eastern Europe, change has 
gone from communism to capital- 
ism,” Chan said. “But in Hong 
Kong it is very interesting. It 
changes from capitalism to social- 
ism. The important tiling is how 
people's mind-sets have changed. 

‘^People say ‘one conn try, two 
systems,’ "a reference to Beijing’s 
term for the territory’s relative au- 
tonomy, “but it's not exactly so. 
You can see change. This is very 

hu man ’* 

It is not the politicians, the 
bankers, the business tycoons who 
matter to Chan. It is the millions of 
younger Hong Kongers who live in 
tiny apartments in anonymous, 
claustrophobic, concrete housing 
blocks, whose fears and despair, 
moments of joy and fragile hopes 
fill Chan's movie. 

The movie’s lead character, a 
high-school dropout named Au- 
tumn Moon, luikmg on the edges of 
the gangster world, lives in the 
housing projects with his mother, 
whose husband ran off with a mis- 
tress from the mainland. 

Running loan-sharking collec- 
tions for his “big brother,” or gang 
head. Moon fells for a girl named 
Ping, also from a broken family. 


And at night. Moon is tormented by 
nightmares and visions of another 
high-school girl who leaped /to her 
death from a school building. 

“For the last 10 years, no one in 
Hong Kong has made a movie sin- 
cerely ana honestly about young 
people," said Chan, who was bom 
m China 38 years ago and grew up 


here in die teeming housing estates 
built for new immigrants. “In 
Hong Kong, 50 percent to 60 per- 
cent of the people live in these 
buildings. In a lot of families, the 
husband has moved to China. It’s 
easy to get a mistress there for 
Hong Kong men. This is a typical 
Hong Kong story.” 

“Made in Hong Kong,” the first 
independent film made herein more 
than a decade, has been released at a 
time of growing uncertainty about 
what films can be made, and what 
films can be shown hoe. 

Three new American films about 
China and Tibet have enraged 
Beijing and may never be shown in 
Hong Kong. They are not banned, 
but distributors have been reluctant 
to buy them. The films are “Red 
Cornea:,” a look at the Kafkaesque 
and brutal Chinese legal Systran, 
“Seven Years in Tibet,” based on 
the memoirs of a German moun- 
taineer, and “Kundun,” the story 
of the Dalai Lama and his escape 
from Chinese persecution. 

One filmmaker, critic and in- 
dependent distributor, Shu Kei, ar- 
gued that for business reasons, 
more than political reasons, most 
distributors would not touch these 
films. 

“A lot of distributors have a lot 
of business going on with people on 
the mainland.” ne said. “Inis is 
why they dare not do anything to 
infuriate die authorities. We’ve 
been taught it's better to avoid trou- 
ble, to be passive.” 

But Shu said rumors were rife 
that a couple of distributors were 
secretly exploring ways to show 
“Seven Years in Tibet.'’ 

“When they see there is a chance 
of high profits out of a film, they’ll 
try and do it,” he said. 

Fbr his own part, Shu said he 



Rwier fiKMptfkvi by John CktaJoVTTto Nmrlfoffc Tom 

“Made In Hong Kong” deals with young people and despair. 


would try to distribute “Kundun." 
which because of its intimate and 
sympathetic look at tbeDalai Lama 
has been a particular target of 
Chinese fury. “If you look at the 
censorship law,” lie said, “I don’t 
see how it can be used to ban this 
film.” 

In this uncertain climate, Shu 
thinks it is important that Qian's 
film is being shown, even if only at 
two theaters. “I think it’s a very 
good film.’' he said. “I think it did 


would you do if some day I dis- 

ap S4oon snaps back, “Lett’s talk 
about it when it happens.” 

For Shu. this moment is the core 
of Hong Kong’s psyche. 

* ‘Young people really don’t look 

at the future, “he said, in his office 

stacked with videotapes, American 
novels and essays on philosophy- 
’ "I think the city itself, the gov- 
ernment, has been promoting the 
idea that there is no need to look to 
the future. Just live your day. Once 
you look to the future, you begin to 
question your present situation. I 
have never seen a Hong Kong film 
that dealt with this issue.” 

When Chan shot his film, he 
deliberately chose not just a Hong 
Kong away from the bright lights, 
but also actors plucked from the 



sense a lot about young people in 
Hong Kong.” 

As he left the theater with two 
friends during a break between 
classes at Hong Kong Polytechnic 
University, Hui Chung Ming 
mused about “Made in Hong 
Kong.” “I drink it shows the mor- 
ality of the youth in Hong Kong,” 
he said, “the despair they feeL” 

At a critical point in die movie, 
Ping, who suffers from a fetal kid- 
ney disease, asks Moon, “What 


bousing projects. And with a 
budget of scarcely $100,000, die 
movie was shot on scrounged film 
stock and many of his crew went 
unpaid, something unheard of in 
Hong Kong’s movie business. 

“Since July 1," Chan said, "it’s 
a very exciting chapter. In just three 
or four months, you see many, 
many things happ ening . Now, any- 
thing is O 3L But who knows?” 

Indeed, the movie’s acerbic 
look at mainland Chinese — in- 
variably depicted as swindlers and 
cultural louts — hints at a Hong 
Kong under Beijing rule even 
more desperate than the dismal 
lives of Chan’s characters. And 
then, at the movie's end, the sound 
track belches out the high-pitched 
voice of Hong Kong's new 
People's Radio. “The world is 
yours, and ours as well,” the an- 
nouncer shrills. “You young 
people of flourishing, exuberance 
In these thriving times, you are like 
the dawn at 8 o'clock, the sun at 
9.” The words are Mao’s. 

“All the scenes are very 
gloomy,” Chan acknowledged, a 
barely perceptible chuckle scoffing 
his words. ‘ T used this Mao mono- 
logue in a humorous way. It’s a 
post-’ 97 thing : how Hong Kong is 
becoming mainlandish.” 


THEATER 


PEOPLE 


Disney and the Bohemian: ‘The Lion King 9 on Broadway 







By Ben Brantley 

New York Times Service ■ 

N EW YORK — Suddenly. 

you're 4 years old again, 
and you’ve been taken to the 
circus for the first time. You 
can only marvel at the exotic 
procession of animals before 
you: the giraffes and die ele- 
phants and the hippopot- 
amuses and all those buds in 
balletic flight. 

Moreover, these are not die 
weaiy-looking beasts in 
plumes and spangles that usu- 
ally plod their way through 
urban circuses but what might 
be described as their Platonic 
equivalents, creatures of air 
and light and even a touch of 
divinity. 

Where are you, really, any- 
way? The location is sup- 
posed to be a theater on 42d 

Street, a thoroughfare that has Michael Eisner, Disney's chairman, and the actress Julie Andrews on opening night 
never been thought of as a 

gateway to Eden. Yet somehow you have fallen dosed none of the singular, and often haunting, 
into what appears to be a primal paradise. And even visual flourishes she brought to such surreal works 
the exquisitely restored New Amsterdam Theatre, a as “Juan Darien," which was revived at Lincoln 
former Ziegfeld palace, disappears before the spec- Center last season, and “The Green Bird.” 


> gSf 


strongest scenes in this “Lion 
King” are edged in mortal 
darkness, including a lovely 
vignette in which lionesses 
stalk their prey. 

You wifi gasp again and 
again at the inventive visual 
majesty of this show, realized 
through the masks and puppets 
of Taymor and Michael Curry, 
scenic design by Richard Hud- 
son, and Donald Holder’s 
wonderful elemental -lighting. 
But you may be harder pressed 
to muster the feelings of sus- 
pense and poignancy that the 
film, for all its preachiness, 
really did evoke. 

If you have young children, 
yon probably know the plot. 
The lion cub Simba (Scott 
Irby-Ranniar), the heir to the 
throne of his heroic father, 

Mufasa (Samuel E Wright), 

becomes the pawn of his fa- 
pening night ther's evil brother and ar- 


chrivaL Scar (John Vickery). 
When Scar minders Mufasa, he convinces the 
vulnerable cub that it is he who is responsible for 
the death. And Simba, in the tradition of young 
fairy tale heroes, goes into exile in a forest, where 
he finally comes to terms with his inner self and is 
ready to reclaim the throne. 

The words and the jokes here are familiar from 
the movie. So are many of the mosdy unexceptional 
songs, with music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim 
Rice, although this production includes additional 
music and lyrics (by Lebo M, Marie Mancina, Jay 
Rifidn. Hans Zimmer and Taymor) that incorporate 
a more authentic sense of tribal rhythms. 

There’s an irresistible pull to this music, and 
when the performers take to the aisles, their puppet 
appendages in tow, the show takes on a celebratory 
carnival feeling that almost matches its opening. 
It’s when “The Lion King" decides to fulfill its 
obligations as a traditional Broadway book musical 
that it goes slack. 

S till, “The Lion King" remains an i m p o r t ant 
work in a way that “Beauty and the Beast’ ’ simply 
is not. Taymor has introduced a whole new vocab- 
ulary of images to the Broadway blockbuster, and 
you’re unlikely to forget such sights as the face of 
Simba’ s dead father forming itself into an astral 
mask am ong the stars. 


tack within it. 

Such is the transporting magic wrought by the 
opening 10 minutes of “The Uou lung,” the 
director Julie Taymor 's staged version of the Mi- 
das-touch cartoon movie that has generated mil- 


There has been much jokey speculation about the 
artistic marriage of the corporate giant and die 
bohemian iconoclast-But that rich first number, in 
which those life-size animal figures assume a tran- 
scendent. pulsing existence, seems to suggest that 


lions for Walt Disney Co. And the ways in which these strange bedfellows might live in harmony. 
Taymor translates the film's opening musical num- Unfortunately, it turns out that these glorious 

ber, “Circle of Life,' 1 where an animal kingdom of opening moments are only the honeymoon part of 
the African plains gathers to pay homage to its this fable of the coming of age of a lion with a father 
leonine ruler and his newly bom heir, is filled with fixation. 


astonishment and promise. 

For one thing, it is immediately clear that this 


There will be plenty of instances of breathtaking 
beauty and scenic ingenuity, realized through tech- 


production is not going to follow the path pursued niques ranging from shadow puppetry to Bunraku. 
by Disney’s first Broadway venture, “Beauty and But in many ways, Taymor’s vision, which is 
the Beast,” a literal-minded exercise in turning its largely rooted in ritual forms of theater from Asia 


cinematic model into three dimensions. 


and Africa, collides with that of Disney, where 


Taymor, a maverick artist known for her bold visual spectacle is harnessed in the service of 
multicultural experiments with puppetry and ritu- heartwarming storytelling. 


alized theater, has her own distinctive vision, one 
that is miles away from standard Disney fare. 


Bnt Taymor’s strengths have never been in 
strongly sustained narratives or folly developed 


And while this “Lion King* * holds fast to much characters. It is the cosmic picture that she’s after, a 
of the film's basic plot and dialogue (the book is by sense of the cycles of life and death, of rebirth and 
Roger Alien and Irene Mecchi), Taymor has aban- metamorphosis. Accordingly, many of the 


TT may be that Julia Child can do no wrong 
Ain the kitchen, but on a recent visit to Italy 
nothing seemed to go right. First, a thief 
reached into her car and made off with her 
purse in Naples. Then in Venice, die French 
chef fell in Sl Marie’s Square and hurt her 
nose. But is Child com plaining ? “She doesn’t 
talk about these things,” said her biographer, 
Noel Riley Fitch. “She jnst picks herself up 
and goes right on down the road.” 


The actor Will Smith is planning to marry 
his longtime sweetheart, Jada Pinkett, at the 
.end of die year. The star of “Independence 
Day” and “Men inBtak” had lo ^fen ded 

the knot Now Pinkett is sporting not one, but 
two diamond-encrusted rings. It will be the 
first marriage for Pinkett, whose films include 
“The Nutty Professor.” Smitti is divorced 
and has a 5-year-old soil 


A Copenhagen schoolgirl has revealed the 
existence of a previously unknown poem by 
the master storyteller Hans Christian An- 
dersen. The student, Ida Moensted, turned 
up with an 1836 poem entitled “To Frederik’s 
Mother” during a class on the author. The 
poem was written by Andersen for one of her 
ancestors, whose son died at the age of 13, and 
had been passed from generation to generation 
of the Moensted family . * Thepoem certainly 
appears to be authentic, ana is interesting 
because it’s longer than his others and carries 
a reference to Jesus Christ, which is rare for 
Andersen,” said Johan de Mylios, head of 
the H.C. Andersen Center in Odense. 


The film producer Don Murphy, whose 
credits include “Natural Bom Killers,” has 
filed suit against die director Quentin Tarant- 
ino, claiming he was injured when Tarantino 
punched him, court sources in Los Angeles 
said. The scuffle in a Los Angeles restaurant 
last month apparently started when the two 
exchanged words over the recently published 
book “Killer Instinct,” written by Murphy’s 
colleague Jane Hamsher, which gives a less 
than flattering depiction of Tarantino, who 
directed “Natural Bom Killers." 


Sarah Strohmeyer’s new book “Barbie 
Unbound” turns the doll’s glamorous image 
on its head, in a send- up likely to enrage 
Barbie’s manufacturer, Mattel. Strohmeyer 



" * m 

■i 


I love 0-800-99-0011 


in the springtime. 


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calling from and you’ll get the clearest connections 
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— . . 



Bknmorfitr AraocUled Prof 

SPORTS AND FASHION — The ten-i 
nis star Boris Becker receiving ari 
award from the model Claudia Schiffer 
at a Unicef gala in Hannover, Germany: ‘ 

introduces the world to such tonga e-io -cheek 
take-offs as Teenage Pregnant Barbie and 
Welfare Queen Barbie. 



'Gum 


Steps ib Mow far easy 
allMg worldwide 

l. Jaa dial the XG&T Arnes Number 


2 Did the phone number you're calling. 


above jnur name. 


The latest Bond girl is also a heavy hitler, 
“I kick and punch quite hard, and it surprises 
people,” the Hong Kong action-film veteran 
Michelle Yeoh, who teams up with Pierce 
Brosnan in ‘Tomorrow Never Dies," told 
Entertainment Weekly. “People don't expect 
such things coming from little old me,”- said 
the actress, who is trained in martial arts.' 
* ‘When you think of the Bond girls, you think 
of these bimbos yelling, ‘Help, James! Save 
me! Save me!’ I could never relate to them. 1 
always though of myself as James Bond. ” : 


Doing research for the film ‘ ‘Titanic, ’ ’ the 
director, Jim Cameron, made a dozen risky 
trips to the wreck site in a minisub. The impact 
of the dives on Cameron was delayed until 
later. “I was sitting alone in my room, and I 
started to ay.” Cameron says in Esquire. ’“It 
just hit me that I had actually been in the 
places where all these tragic things had 
happened, where people had been separated 
forever and had met their- deaths. It nude the 
history very real to me.” 


AT&T Access Numbers 
EUROPE 

Antlfa«o D22-S83-t11 

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United Moodon a 0588-894811 

8889*89-00 11 

MIDDLE EAST ““ 

^W^fBlIlD)* — 5104BB 

l*™t - 177-100-2727 

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