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INTERNATIONAL 



eribuni* 


The World’s Daily Newspaper 



I^gED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Paris, Wednesday, October 1 , 1997 


jo^ZSZ 




NO. 35,640 


J 


Just What Are Britain’s Plans for EMU? 


Media Reports Raise Eyebrows™ Financial Circles 


By Tom Buerkle 

Inuranumal Herald Tribune 


B: 


LONDON — : The claim of the newspaper article 
was a potential political bombshell: The government 
of Prime Minister Tony Blair shifted in favor of 

Britain’s early entry into European monetary nnirw 
The article packed a punch an London's financial 
markets Friday, sparking the biggest one-day point 
rally ever in British stocks, sending bond prices 
s oaring and cansing the poond to plnmmct- But in the 
aftermath of that wild day, executives at several 
major financial institutions are complaining of feel-/ 
ing manipulated. ' 

The article did little to clarify the government' 
wait-and-see attitude toward monetary- union, 
deed, Mr. Blair insisted at his party’s annual c 
ference Tuesday in Brighton that the government 1 
not changed its position and would decide whether or 
not to jean based cm Britain’s best interest Most 
analysts say they expect him to signal a more po 
stance this year but defer the ultimate decision/or an 
additional two to three years. 

But the incident did raise serious question! about 
how the government will decide the issue, hod the 
influential role played by a handful of mediahdvisers 
surrounding Labour’s leaders; It also highlighted the 
huge sums at stake over the single currency in the 
financial markets and the potential for conflicts of 
interest as banks seek an inside track yn the gov- 
ernment’s dunking. 

Hie widespread suspicion in financial and polit- 
ical circles hoe is that the unidentified source of the 
report was die chancellor of the Exchequer, Gordon 


or one of his advisors. 

Treasury dismissed the article as speculation, 

. Brown said in a weekend interview that the 
had not changed its noncommittal 
toward monetary union. But Mr. Brown has a 
as the government’s strongest advocate of 
single currency, and many analysts regarded the 
as a calculated attempt to test the reaction of 
>rs and soften the waters of public opinion 

ward the euro. 

“There is some feeling that there is some ma- 
nipulation going on,” said Brendan Brown, chief 
economist at Mitsubishi Finance International, “that 
the best way of setting stealing down is to talk about 
entering EMU.’’ 

The market reaction also drew attention to the 
activity of a major U.S. investment bank. On die day 
before the single-currency article appeared, Gold- 
man Sadis bought British government bond futures . 
aggressively on the London futures exchange, put- 
ting it in a position to profit handsomely from die 
subsequent rally in bond prices, dealers at several 
major banks said. 

Goldman's chief economist, Gavyn Davies, is a 
longtime Labour Party supporter who has publicly 
called on Mr. Blair to come off the fence in favor of 
British entry in monetary onion. In addition to having 
the ear of party leaders, he is also married to SueNye, 
personal assistant to die chancellor, Gordon Brown. 

There are no suggestions or evidence of any 
improper trading by Goldman. Mr. Davies is one of 
Bntain's most highly regarded economists, a Gold- 
man partner and multimillionaire who colleagues say 
shows little interest in personal wealth. He urged Mr. 



Knot Pm»w/ nwi Amvt— nf Phw 

TABLE THUMPING — Prime Minister Tony 
Blair of Britain urging more refrains at the 
Labour Party conference Tuesday. Page 10. 


Blair to chart a path toward British entry into mon- 
etary union in a newspaper column 10 days before 
the market rally, a view he repeated two days later in 
an article in this newspaper. 

But the uncanny tuning of the trades “raised 


suspicions, ' 1 an executive at a major investment bank 
said”: 


’Yon can be too close” to policymakers. 


See TRADES, Page 11 


Amnesty Is Urged 
For Korea Tycoons 

Cabinet Says the Nation Needs 
23 Who Were Guilty of Bribery 


CnapOed bf Our SeffFnmDtpxha i 

SEOUL — The cabinet of President 
Kim Young Sam recommended am- 
nesty Tuesday for 23 businessmen who 
have been convicted of bribery, tax eva- 
sion and embezzlement 

“This special amnesty is to allow the 
heads of conglomerates to use all their 
strength to work for the economy, which 
is in a difficult situation,” the minister 
of justice, Kim Jong Koo, said at a news 
conference. 

He said the amnesty would also I 
to bring South Korea together at a < 
ficuh time. . 

The businessmen involved, seven of 
whom run large conglomerates, have 
repeatedly appealed for leniency, say- 
ing their convictions were hampering 
their companies' overseas activities. 

Government officials said the am- 
nesties, expected to be approved by the 
president, will clear the 23 of their crim- 
inal records and reinstate their civil 
rights as early as Friday, the nation's 
national foundation day. 

The action was seen as a prelade tg 


granting amnesty to two former pres- 
idents — Chun Doo Hwan and Roh Tae 
Woo — who were convicted of taking 
bribes while in office from some of the 
same businessmen. 

The graft cases last year of Mr. Chon 
and Mr. Roh revealed webs of deep- 
rooted corruption among politicians and 
business in South Korea. 

President Kim has indicated that he 
will pardon and free his two imprisoned 


end of his five-year term in February. 
By law. Mir. Kim cannot seek re-elec- 
tion in December. 

Politicians and government officials 
who were charged along with the busi- 
nessmen were excluded from the par- 
don, a presidential aide was quoted as 
saying by the Yonhap news agency. 

Among those recommended for am- 
nesty were the heads of Samsung Group 
Corp.; Daewoo and Dong-A. 

They received suspended sentences 
of up. to two and a half years in prison 


See KOREA, Rage II 


New American in Paris 
Gets Crisis for a Starter 

But Envoy Says Oil Deal Wont Ruin Ties 


By Craig R. Whitney 

New York Thun Service 


PARIS — Barely three weeks after 
presenting his credentials as the new 
U.S. ambassador to France, Felix Ro- 
hatyn found himself TuesdayJn. the 
middle ofa fuIT-fledged crisis over a $2 
billion investment in Iran by the French 
oil company Total 


places about their dealings with Iran 
since he got here last month had not led 
them to believe a major confrontation 
would be in the works so soon. 

“Why now?" he asked himself, in 
shirtsleeves in his New Deal-era em- 
bassy office off the Champs-Ely sees , 


apparently taken aback by the timing of 
Total’s announcement and Mr. Jospin’s 


The deal with Russian and Malay- 


sian partners, was a long time in 
making , and French officials from Pres- 
ident Jacques Chirac and Prime Min- 
ister Lionel Jospin on down made little 
secret of their contempt, shared by most 
governments in Europe, of Am e ri can 
extraterritorial legislation threatening 
sanctions against foreign countries that 
invest more than $20 mfllion in Iran. 

But Mr. Rohatyn, a former partner of 
the Lazard Freres investment firm in 
New York, implied Tuesday that con- 
versations he and other American of- 
ficials have had with Europeans in high 


enthusiastic support for it 
“You know, at age 69, you are not 
surprised by much,” he said. “Does it 
poison the relationship between France 
and die U.S.? I hope not I don’t believe 
it will It shouldn't" 

An open relationship, be said, would 
always nave differences, some of them 
serious, but it should be able to over- 
come “singular events” like this one. 

Mr. Rohatyn presented his creden- 
tials to Mr. Chirac on Sept 11, suc- 
ceeding Pamela Harriman, wbo died 
Feb. S after suffering a stroke. 


See ENVOY, Page 11 


Stars of the Oil World 

fraq and Iran, Despite U.S. Ire, Are darted 


By Youssef M. Ibrahim 

Nr* York Times Service 


LONDON — On any evening in the 
lastthree years, a visitor to Baghdad, the 
Iraqi capital could spot senior exec- 
utives of the French oil company Total 
in the lounge of the plush A1 Rasheed 
Hotel where they have permanent 

SU g ^viiinri y. all around Tehran, French 
oil experts can be encountered in the 
luxurious restaurants of Shemiran, the 


France out to isolate U 3. Page 11. 


n0I thera suburb of the Iranian capital, 
where the air is clearer and where oil 
companies of every nationabty keep 
^^Jfves in villas equipped with 

major oil company in 

s 

Middle East Economic 
sitting atop 

serves JreservKm the 

world n the business of 

“Oil producing and buy- 

■ ploring, Khadduri stressed 

“ oiland^’ JJg Wt referring to the 
deal that Total signed 


maintaining a relationship with these 
two giants is basic strategy, not to men- 
tion common sense.” 

Total’s 52-billion agreement with the 
National Iranian Oil Co. to produce 2 
billion cubic feet of natural gas from the 
South Pars field has been in the making 
for some years, oil industry executives 
said, despite the United States’ so- 
called “dual containment” strategy. 

That strategy is designed to isolate 
these two countries and quash their 
main source of revenue — oil and nat- 
ural gas. 

Indeed, the announcement of the 
huge deal has raised questions as to 
whether Washington's policy of ecor 
mimic sanctions to isolate countries like 
Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya and others has 
been effective beyond preventing 
American companies from tapping 
those countries’ resources while com- 




T : • ■'/ 8 ' ■ ' ’ S^SSS 



Jaufidir Lumi/Tht A m wd Mc d Pie. 

NO CHANGE IN ISRAEL — Palestinians working Tuesday at a 
Jewish settlement in Efrat on the West Bank. Prime Minister Ben- 
jamin Netanyahu again said construction would continue. Page 10. 


French Church Confesses 
To 6 Error 9 Over Holocaust 


Catholic Body Apologizes to Jews, for Its Silence 


By Roger Cohen 

Neff York Times Service 


DRANCY, France — Ina statement 
it described as a confession of error, the 
Roman Catholic Church in France ; 
Iogized Tuesday to die Jews for its 
ore, its silence and its acquiescence be- 
fore French collaboration with the 
Holocaust. 

The apology, pronounced in this Par- 
is suburb whose name has become syn- 
onymous with the deportation to Nazi 
death camps of more than 75,000, 
French Jews, amounted to an extraor- 
dinarily frank admission of responsi- 
bility in a country that has long 
struggled to come to terms with the acts 
of its wartime Vichy regime. 

Denouncing a deep-rooted anti- 
Semitism, excessive conformity, 
prudence and indifference in the ranks 
of the church during the war. Arch- 


bishop Olivier de Berranger declared 
that the ' “ 


bishops of France acquiesced 
through their silence to a “murderous 
process” that should have been met 
immediately by protest and protection 
of the Jews. 

Not once but twice the archbishop 
used the image of the confessional to 
describe the church’s contrition. 

“We confess this error,” he said. 
“We beg for the pardon of God and we 
ask the Jewish people to hear this word 
of repentance.’ 1 

In a country that until two years ago 
had never made an unequivocal official 


admission of the state's responsibility in 
sending Jews to their deaths, and long 
tried to construct a semantic distinction 
between Vichy and France itself, the 
language employed Tuesday was re- 
markable. 

It seemed certain to provoke an angry 
reaction in some conservative quarters, 
both inside and outside thechnrch. Jean- 
Marie. Le Pen, the leader of the rightist 
National Front, France’s third-largest 
party in parliamentary elections this 
year, saia the statement was “abso- 
lutely scandalous” and showed “dis- 
dain for historical truth.” 

But it is clear that in the Vatican and 
in France, there exists an overwhelming 
determination to come to terms with 
history no w that the eod of the Cold War 
has opened the way for a more dis- 
passionate focus on the acts of World 
War n, one unclouded by the presence 
of a communist enemy in a divided 
Europe. 

The statement came just before the 
57th anniversary of the promulgation on 
Oct 3, 1940, of the first of more than 
160 anti-Semitic laws and decrees 
passed by the Vichy regime that pro- 
gressively excluded Jews from public 
life and opened the way for the dispatch 
of about 76,000 of them to their 
deaths. 

It also came on the eve of the trial 
beginning next week in Bordeaux of 
Maurice Papon, the first senior official 


See FRANCE, Page II 


Police Stoke Fears of Crime in Beleaguered Mexico 


By John Ward Anderson 

WuAliwofl Pom Service 


MEXICO CITY — Crime, often aided by the 
police, has become epidemic in Mexico,- from the 
continuous barrage of scandals involving public of- 
ficials, to the rash of drug-related homicides in cities 
along the border, to the human rights violations against 
farm workers in the rural countryside, to the rapid rise 
in urban street violence. 

“Today, citizens' greatest concern is the lack of 


ago in an address to Congress. Citizens, he continued, 
* ‘are still equally fearful of those wbo commit crimes 
and those who are supposed to pursue them, as the 
latter frequently tolerate or cover up illicit actions.’ 


The capital— home to about 20 million people and 
— is particularly 


public security on our streets and highways, which has 
even invaded i 


See OIL, Page 11 


our homes and places of work and 
recreation,' ' President Ernesto Zedillo said four weeks 


more than 700 street gangs — is particularly haz- 
ardous, with about 250,000 crimes reported a year — 
about 685 a day. Last year, 1,076 homicides were 
committed here, and 157 vehicles were stolen on an 
average day. A poll in June of 3,000 businesses by a 
local chamber of commerce found that a quarter had 
been robbed at least once in the previous six months. 

Comipt law enforcement officials contribute to the 
mayhem. The police in Mexico City, for instance, are 


the main suspects in the killings of at least three and 
possibly five men earlier this month, and police of- 
ficers have been accused of abducting, beating and 
otherwise trying to inti mi d at e five local reporters 
covering that and other crime stories. In addition, the 
authorities say they believe that police officers were 
behind the murder of a reporta: in July. Three jour- 
nalists have been killed in Mexico this year. 

According to observers here, corrupt senior law 
enforcement officials, many of them in the pay of drug 
cartels, are safeguarding a system that continues to 
protect, promote and enrich them. 


See MEXICO* Page 11 


r: Itis ^% S ^nd'e\T^'\htwti\tOTL 

ronT an oflcompany point of view, 



Newsstand Price*. 


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„,12J0 FF Morocco-.— — 16W 

.1.600 CFA Qatar -1000 OR 

JEE&50 R&tfton 12J0FF 

,10.00 FF SaudAmbia.-~.10 SR 


Irtatoov. 1.100 CFA Senegal — 1.1Q0CFA 

1 JLOOOUm Spain 22SP» 


f Coast ,1-250 CFA Tunisia -..-..1 .250. Din 

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AGENDA 


Spain Officials to Face Trial in Death Squad Probe 


The Dollar 


MADRID (AFP) — The Supreme Court 
ruled Tuesday, that the former interior min- 
ister, Jose Barrionuevo, and li others must 
stand trial over kidnappings by anti-terrorist 
death squads blamed for the murder of at least 
22 Basque separatists. 


Concluding an inquiry into the death squads, 
tel the fc 


the court ruled that the former Socialist 
minister, Felipe Gonzalez, his deputy* Narcis 
Serin* and me Socialist Basque leader, Jose 
Maria Benegas, would not be charged, however. 


Besides Mr. Barrionuevo, the other defendants 
include a former secretary of state in charge of 
security, Rafael Vera* a former director-general 
of security, Julian Sancristobal, and a former 
Socialist leader in the Basque country, Ricardo 
Gareia Damborcnea. The rest are mainly police 
officials. 

The Anti-Terrorist Liberation Groups are- 
believed to be responsible for the minder of at 
least 22 Basque activists between 1983 and 
1987. 


ftewYBdt Tbag»y 8 4p. M . 


DM 


1-7601 


1.762 


Pound 


1.819 


1.61 


Van 


120.375 


120.925 


5.9064 


6.917 



-46.17 


7945.26 


7991.43 


S&P 500 


t ** n ga Tuesday O 4 P-M. pnvkxndow 


Algerian Leader to Visit Saudis as Terror Grows 


■M6 


947.28 


953.34 


ROY LICHTENSTEIN DIES — 
the master of Pop Art* scavenged 


Rqy Lichtenstein, 73, 
comic strips. Page 24. 


Agence F ran ce-Preae 

DUBAI — The Algerian president, Liamine 
Zeroual will go next week to Saudi Arabia, 
which is leading a secret mediation between 
Algeria’s government and Islamic rebels, 
Arab diplomats said Tuesday. 

One diplomat said Saudi efforts led to the 
Sept. 21 announcement by the Islamic Sal- 
vation Army, the armed wing of the banned 


Islamic Salvation Front* of a cease-fire fiem 
Oct. L in the country . ^ 

An Algerian diplomat, in Riyadh sai$iar. 
Zeroual would make an official two-daipwsit 
to Saudi Arabia next week, but did not givBany 
dates or details of his program. A senior Smdi 
official is said to be mediating. y 
In Algeria, the wave of killing and mu- 
tilation has grown worse. Page 2. • . *■# 


PAGE TWO ^g|. 

Education in the Nae South Africa 


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D^ERNAXIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 1, 1997 

PAGE TWO 


Dilapidated Schools / Post-Aparthoid Curriculum 


Instilling a New South Africa in the Classroom 


84 More Killed 
In Algeria Raids 


By Lynne Duke 

Wakingtm Past Service 


RANGE ^ ARM, South Africa — 


iTbe lesson is transportation: 

:do? And a car? 


0 ! 

What does a truck do?. ... 

And why do people ride hoses 
and bikes? 

Ax Nomini Primary School, Zandile 
Mbele, a young first-grade teacher, has 
tacked up brightly colored pictures of 
vehicles to help hex students. But though 
transportation is the theme, her 6- and 7- 
yeai-olds are learning a lot more, such as 
counting, spelling and civics, as well as 
how to seek knowledge, not just receive 
it 

The kids burst with energy. They’re on 
the edge of their seats, waving their hanriq 


■3s«r1 


















high, ready with answers. They stampede 
called upon and 


to the blackboard when calls e 

dap gleefully when someone gets an an- 
swer right. 

Out on this dusty p lain thst progress 

Seems tO have passed hy. in this Hiln p iHat/vt 

but titty school in one of South Africa’s 
many impoverished communities, Ms. 
Mbele’s 52 students don't know it, but they 
are making history. They are part of the first 
wave of a new generation receiving formal 
education free of the racial agendas of die 
apartheid era. 

In this community 40 kilometers (25 
miles) south of Johannesburg, students 
once attended classes in abandoned chick- 
en coops and stables. Ms. Mbele’s class is 
part of a pilot program for a new curriculum 
that education officials, hope will guide 
South Africa out of the myopia of racially 
engineered education and into the modem 
age of global competitiveness. 

Since assuming the reins of power more 
than three years ago, South Africa’s. black- 
led government has merged the racially 
separate education departments set up un- 
do 1 apartheid, made education compulsory 
for all children, and not only whites as in 
the past, and stripped schools of the power 
to exclude students because of race. 

A new curriculum, called “outcomes- 
based education," is the last and most 
important leg of this transformation, for it is 
designed to fundamentally change the way 
teachers teach and die way students learn. 

The promise of a better education for all 
was a hallmark of President Nelson Man- 
dela's administration when it took over in 
1994 after the nation’s first all-races elec- 
tion. Though some critics say it is late in 
coming, the new curriculum is, in many 
ways, the fulfillment of the goal of the 
student-revolts in die 1970s and the 1980s 
against apartheid education. 

But Orange Farm, a quasi-urban black 


I knowledge. Teachers in the new system 
must take initiative in creating lessons s*d 
a ssessing individual students. 

No (me here at Nomini or 
questions the need to change radically i 
educational system for South Africa’s 
million primary- and secondary-school sta- ' 
dents. Nearly Half of all South African 
students f ailed graduation exams last 
year. - 

But the pace of change and the ability of 
South Africa's educational system to ab- - 
sort) the change are body debated. Isaac 
Tete, headmaster at Nomini, said be feared 
that overcrowded classrooms and supply 
shortages could doom die new curriculum. 
“If you are going to concentrate on in- 
dividual learners in the class situation, it’s 
going to require a lot of attention," he 
said. 


Carnage Laid to Islamists 


The Associated Press 

| ALGIERS — Armed as - 


of an 


tested Tuesday to 

over the withdrawal 

yaHante cut off the head of a Agence France-Presse corr ?’ 
baby while slaughtering 52 spondent’s accreditation m 




last 

pitai sources and” witnesses Thursday to inform him that 
laid bis accreditation as a foreign -. 

valid f°r * 


of 




Urn Varieh^/Ihf U^n iW 

First-grade students grappling with their studies at Nomini Primary School.. 


town of at least 250,000 people settled eight 
years ago by families living in tents, is one 
of the communities where toe promise of 
transformed education faces its stiffest 
test 


P EOPLE MOVED to Orange Farm 
from overcrowded townships 
closer to die city, or from farms 
where they labored in virtual serf- 
dom under apartheid. In common, they 
share a desire for a better life for themselves 
and their children, with improved educa- 
tion one of their most pressing needs. 


Bnc Orange Farm is also a place where 
am. 


toe aspirations of the new South Africa are 
thwarted by the legacies of apartheid. 

Like too many other black South African 
schools, Nomini lacks water, toilets and 
telephones. There is one typewriter and one 
broken copy machine. The school has no 
basic educational equipment, such as 
videos or overhead projectors. Stationery is 


in short supply here as well; ditto for text- 
books. The few 


few books are 15 years old — 
published during apartheid, when educa- 
tion was geared toward perpetuating white 
dominance. 

Many of Nomini 's 33 teachers are either 
poorly trained or trained to teach in toe rote 
drill style of the old days. Their classrooms 
are overcrowded and bulge with social ills: 
Many students arrive hungry or upset from 
troubles at home, where tensions often run 
high because 70 percent of Nomini’ s par- 
ents are unemployed. 


How can schools like this one be ex- 
pected to make a great leap forward? The 
answer, educational officials say, is that 
they must 

The battle to transform Souto Africa’s 
educational system has been one of the 
hardest fought in the post-apartheid erf; for 
it was in the classroom that the old ideology 
of white superiority was inculcated in the 
young. 

The new system will replace what was 
known as the “Christian National Edu- 
cation" curriculum, designed by toe pre- 
vious rating party. The former curriculum 
made the white settlement of Souto Africa 
and the purported destiny of white lead- 
ership the focal points of history lessons. 
For black students, that was disastrous, for 
it created generation apon generation of 
black Souto Africans taught to be fourth- 
class citizens. 

“A lot of African students did history . 
and learned National Party propaganda by 
heart," said Emilia Potenza, a textbook 
author and a trainer for the new cur- 
riculum. 


N OW, with new history texts that 
are to be introduced in some 
provinces next year, students will 
learn of democracy and civics 
and the history of the fight against 
apartheid. 

The new curriculum is intended to foster 
critical thinking , individual development 
and an integration of skills with academic 


S OME EXPERTS involved in toe 
curriculum process say educational 
officials, in their zeal to bring Souto 
Africa closer to international stan- 
dards, have come up with a new curriculum 
too sophisticated for an underdeveloped 
country. 

But transforming education will be a key 
yardstick for measuring the progress of d 
ruling African National Coagress when tire 
next election is held in 1999. Mr. Man- 
dela’s ANC has been straggling for three 
years to try to fulfill its promises on all 
fronts, such as more bousing and jobs — 
and better schooling. 

Finding a balance between these pres- 
sures proved difficult for education of- 
ficials. After a splashy announcement of 
the new curriculum earlier this year. Edu- 
cation Minister Sibusiso Bengu soon had to 
announce a slowdown in its introduction. It 
would take more time, he conceded, to 
produce new materials and train teachers. 

Initially scheduled to be introduced in 
grades one and seven next year, the new 
curriculum is being piloted in 300 first- 
grade classes around toe nation in advance 
of its formal introduction in first grade 
alone next year. 

The changes, according to the textbook 
author, Ms. Potenza, are welcomed by most 
black teachers. Bnt many white teachers, 
she says, tend to be more resistant 
hi practical terms, however, the dictates 
of toe new curriculum are challenging for 
all teachers. Some are overwhelmed by 
their new responsibilities, Ms. Potenza 
said 

“Teachers are getting these complicated 
documents which they then have to 
jher.” she said “By the time yon set 


S War Accounts 

of them chil- 


The carnage in Algeria's 
insurgency followed 
weekend attacks, including 
death of 11 teachers who 
murdered while their 
, students watched 
one immediately took 
ability for the raids in 
iburbs of Algiers, near toe 
Btida, 50 kilometers 
s) souto of the capital 
(Moroccan border, 
fell on Islamic 
who have torn toe 
.apart for five years. 
The 
victims, 
dren, 
burned 
The 

place late 
toe Sidi al 
north of 
were killed' 
borbood 
raiders with 
construction 
Nearby and ^ short while 
later, in the neighborhood of 
Sidi-Youssef, attackers dis- 
guised as policeman cut the 
throats of a coupldand their 
two daughters and kidnapped 
three young women. \ 

At about die same We, in 
Cbebil, near BHda, a band of 
aimed men slit the throats or 
cut the heads off 52 members 
of an extended family, includ- 
ing! 0 children. 

The attack came two days 
after toe tr e n ded Pes haih fem- 
ily had moved back to ChebiL 
They fled the town at the be- 
ginning of the year to escape 


1991 ,frad been withdrawn. 

The reasons for the with- 
drawal and Us duration were 
not stated, and the decision 
was .upheld despite protests 
by Agence France-Presse. 


Swiss Bankers 
Set to Pay Out 


mutilated and then 
ital sources said, 
massacre took 
y night in 
iir suburb just 
.Eight people 
the same neigh- 
unday night, 
killed 10 


on 


aecipner, sue said. By the tune you set 
gji fcsson material, you've almost got a 


Islamic insurgents. The Fer- 
bah family's murderers de- 
capitated at least one baby. 

■ Reporters Protest 
The press watchdog Re- 


Reuurs 

ZURICH — Thousands of 
people seeking funds from 
World War fl-era accounts in 
Swiss banks moved closer to 
getting money after aboard of 
trustees was set up to oversee 
toe claims process, officials 
said Tuesday. 

An independent Swiss- 
Jewish panel which is check- 
ing bank records for dormant 
accounts said three of its 
members woald serve on the 
new board. 

The panel’s head, Paul 
Volcker, a former U.S. cen- 
tral bank chief, will also serve 
as c hair of the board. 

The trustees will commis- 
sion a group of experts to ad- 
vise on how best to settle toe 
claims. 

They will also name up to 
15 arbitrators who will decide 
on payments in individual 
cases. 

Swiss bankers bailed toe 
move as an important step to- 
ward resolving die thousands 
of claims that poured in after 
banks, under world pressure, 
moved in July to publish a I ist 
of dormant accounts opened 


porters sans Frontieres (Re- by foreigners befo 
porters Without Borders) pro- ing World War IL 


before and dur- 


UN Sees Long Fallout From Asia Fires 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Reuters 

JAKARTA — The United 
Nations on Tuesday described 
fires in Indonesia as an. en- 
vironmental emergency that 
would affect individual health 
and the well-being of Asian 
economies for years to come. 

Indonesia’s neighbors, par- 
ticularly Malaysia, have borne 
the brunt of a choking smog 
caused by toe fires that have 
raged for weeks on Sumatra 
and on toe Indonesian south- 


ern part of Borneo Island. 

UN experts, gathered in 
Jakarta to coordinate interna- 
tional efforts to douse toe 
flames, said that even if toe 
fires were controlled soon, 
the pollution aftereffects 
could last for years. 

“The long-term effects are 
in health, economic, health, 
social and ecological areas," 
said Ravi Rajan, toe chief rep- 
resentative of toe United Na- 
tions in Jakarta. 


“It is too early to speculate 
on what the consequences are 
likely to be," he said, “bur 
we are sure that there will be 
consequences. This will prob- 
ably last a few years.’ ’ 

“It’s obviously a large- 
scale environmental emer- 
t," said Gerhard Putman- 
r, chief of the UN’s Re- 
lief Coordination Branch and 
bead of a special disaster as- 


sessment team that arrived in 
Jakarta on Sunday. 

Offers were flooding in of 
cash, fire-fighting expertise 
and equipment, he said, as toe 
long-term implications of the 
catastrophe sunk in. 

The World Wide Fund for 
Nature has estimated that 
600,000 hectares (1-5 million 
acres) of forests have burned 
or are burning in Indonesia. 


Paris to Restrict Driving Today 


day on the Nile when two cruise ships ran aground and four 
others stopped sailing following a sudden drop in toe water 
level, the police said. 

The authorities released more water from Lake Nasser, 
behind toe Aswan High Dam that tames the Nile, to raise the 
water level in an effort to dislodge the boats. 


THG 


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Correction 


Due to a reporting error, the figures given for India's key 
eoonomic indicators in the Sponsored Section on India 
(Sept 20-21 ) were incorrect The correct figures fin billions 
of rupees) are toe following: GNP: 8433 (1994-95), 9678 
(1995-96); imports: 899.71 (1994-95), 1226.78 (1995-96), 
971.11 (1996-97); exports: 826.74 (1994-95). 1063.53 
(1995-96), 856.23 (1996-97); foreign currency assets: 
660.06 (1994-95). 584.46 (1995-96), 712.1 (1996-97). 

Source: Indian Economic Survey 1996-97. 


PARIS (AP) — Paris authorities decreed a top-level smog 
alert Tuesday, for toe first time, triggering measures that make 
public transport free of charge, order toe reduction of car use 
and warn the young and elderly to stay indoors. 

In the first application of tougher anti-smog laws passed last D ~ « C • 

spring, toe level-3 alert means that only cars with odd- Kaiflfi rlOOU 30Ilth6flSteril np ain 
numbered license plates will be allowed to drive in toe city r 

Wednesday, the Environment Ministry said. If toe alert con- 
tinues, only cars with even-numbered plates would be allowed 
to circulate Thursday, and permission to drive would alternate 
daily after that-. 

Vehicles carrying three or more passengers are exempt So 
are taxis, buses, electric cars or commercial vehicles. Parking 
in the city and public transportation will be free while toe 
restrictions are in effect 


ALICANTE, Spain (AP*) — Air traffic was diverted and rail 
and road transport badly hit Tuesday as torrential rains flooded 
thejpopular tourist region of southeastern Spain. 

Fifteen international flights and one national flight headed 
for this southeastern prat city were diverted to other cities 
further north, national radio said. Fire fighters and civil 
tection workers, had to help dozens of people trapped in 
uses and cars throughout the city. 


pro: 

bus 


Tourists Stranded on Nile Boats 

CAIRO (AP) — Hundreds of tourists were stranded 


!■ 


jes- 


. Malaysia Airlines said it had resumed all domestic flights 
because the thick haze that led to intermittent cancellations 
over the past two weeks receded. AAP) 


WEATHER 




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Forecast for Thursday through Saturday, as provided by AccuWaather. Asia 





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PAGES 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


THE AMERICAS 








library 


scni*L£ - H e . 



LITTLE LEFT — Edna Alexander picking through her borne in Dobbins after a fire swept across the 
Sierra Nevada foothills in northern California over the weekend. The wildfire forced the evacuation of 1,500 
people, destroyed 120 homes and charred 5£00 acres. Fire fighters got the blaze under control Tuesday. 


/ 

I 


For Some Health Care, 
Nd Doctor in the House 

■ i ! 

As Insurers Embrace Less Costly Service, 

The Primary Physician May Be d Nurse ’ 


Milt Freudenbeim 
Yort Thus Service 

■ NEW YORK — Four women opened 
a- primary health-care practice near 
Bloomingdale's in midtown Manhattan, 
this weefcStat this group was different 


tors with 


The wotnch are nurses, doing what doc- 


general or 


doing vt 
f amily 


practice 


They treat common complaints like 

SOTO throaty and abd ominal pain »i yt Ijrfp 

patients deal with chronic; conditions 
like ast hrna and dia b etes . They diagnose 
all kinds qf ailments and refer patients 
withr — ~ 


or admit 
They 
providers 
tenance 
will pay 
rates, 
pay 


i to the hospital. 

: accredited as primary-care 
several big health-main- 
s, which say they 
the same managed-care 
ly$50or$60avisit,asthey 
i physicians. 

unusual medical practice is part 
of a trenwhealth-care executives say: 
nurses tafcgig charge of patients without 
the immediate supervision of doctors. 

“In tbetfuture your doctor may be a 
nurse,” sag! Sara Foer, a spokeswoman 
for the American Norses Association. 

Although many doctors disagree, 
nursing experts say these highly trained 
nurses can? work in primary care as 
effective™' as physicians and can add 
the benefits of extra time and attention 
to the whd$e person. 

In any <£&e, private insurers, as well 
as Medicate and Medicaid, are begin- / 
ning to expand the use of nurses in roles.' 1 
traditionally played by doctors, as th t 
health-care, industry views such inno- 
vation as another tool to help cut costs. 

The medical establishment and many 
doctors vehemently oppose the idea. 

1 The public has a right (d ask far a real 
doctor,” said Dr. Charles As wad, ex- 
ecutive vice president of the New York 
Medical Society. “We think the public 
has to be protected from the repres- 
entation that a nurse clinirJan is equiv- 
alent in training to a physician.” 

Nurses have been grven a lot more 
responsibility lately. In recent years, 26 
states, including Connecticut, New Jer- 
sey and Tmcas, have passed laws al- 
lowing so-called nurse practitioners — 
those with ibe most advanced training 
— to work without a link to a phy- 
sician. 

Many others, including New York 
and California, require a formal- rela- 


streaxn 
patients 
urban 
ectories 
having! 
ly from 
nons 
ing to 


nect 


tionship with a doctor. (Each of the 
women, who Qpenea the Manhattan 
practice Monday, for example, collab- 
orates with a physician who can be 
called at a moment's notice.) Nurses 
with advanced training are also allowed 
to prescribe medicines, with varying re- 
strictions, in every state except Illinois: 

Nurse practiti&nere have for some 
time been able to work independently 
and be reimbursed by many of the state 
Medicaid programs that serve low-in- 
come people aid by the Medicare pro- 
grams for patimts in rural areas. 

Now they /are moving into main- 
care for privately insured 
'people in urban and sub- 
getting listings in the dir- 
health-care providers and 
compensation come direct- 
ly managed-care organiza- 
the United States, accord- 
Pearson, editor of Nurse 
a professional journal of 
-care nursing. 

is a movement under way,” 
.vid Snow, a senior vice president 
Health Plans, the big Con- 
abased health maintenance or- 
tion that has added the four Man- 
nurse practitioners to its roster in 
what be called “an experiment in the 
level of independence.” 
i “We view the evolution of nurse 
jkactitioners as something that con- 
sumers are asking for," he said. 

/ The movement so for is a nascent one, 
driven by a combination of consumer 
demand, a vigorous campaign by the 
nurses to expand their role, and the 
advent of managed care, with its em- 
phasis on cost control. 

No one has added up the numbers, but 
those operating independently are only 
a tiny miction of the nation’s 70,000 
nurse practitioners. The Manhattan 
practice, in fact, is part of a research 
project by the Columbia University 
School of Nursing, aided by money 
from several foundations. 

But analysts say the numbers of in- 
dependent nurse practitioners are cer- 
tain to increase as a result of a decision 
in July by the federal Department of 
Veterans Affairs to formally accept 
nurse practitioners without links to phy- 
sicians and of a new federal law tut 
takes effect in January allowing Medi- 
care to reimburse directly nurse prac- 
titioners who work in cities and suburbs, 
not just nrnjraT areas. 


CLASS 


Big Victory for Labor at US Airways 


By Steven Greenhouse 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — In the biggest onion 
organizing election in private business 
in a decade, nearly 10,000 reservations 
takers, gate agents and ticket sellers at 
US Airways have voted to join the Com- 
munications Workers of America, fed- 
eral labor officials have announced. 

The onion won the support of the 
airline's passenger service workers by 
following a strategy being embraced 
throughout labor — emphasizing that 
corporate profits have rebounded while 
employee pay and benefits have lan- 
guished. 

.Union leaders hailed the victory, say- 
ing it showed that white-collar workers 
were fertile ground for labor's message 
and that the union movement’s new 
focus on recruiting workers was paying 
off. 

“The victory at US Airways is very 
significant. ’ ' said Kate Bronfenbrenner, 
director of labor education research at 
Cornell University. 

“It’s not just because it involved so 
many workers, but it’s the kind of work- 
ers that people questioned whether the 


labor movement could organize. These 
are white-collar workers in an industry 
where onions have really been strug- 
gling.” 

John Sweeney, the president of the 
AFL-CIO, the largest American labor 
organization, and other labor leaders 
have looked to the US Airways or- 
ganizing drive as a bellwether to show 
whether labor was reversing its decline, 
especially in the private sector. 

Labor unions represent 14.5 percent 
of die overall work force, a sharp drop 
from 35 percent in the 1950s. 

“The level of unionization has 
reached a 50-year low in this country, 
with unions representing just 10 percent 
of the private sector, compared with 40 
percent in the public sector,' ’ said Kent 
Wong, director of the Center for Labor 
Research and Education at the Uni- 
versity of California at Los Angeks. 
“The AFL-CIO has focused tremen- 
dous attention lately on organizing in 
the private sector, ancj they’ve been 
looking for a Ing win like this fox some 
time.” 

Nonetheless, union officials ac- 
knowledge that it will often be an uphill 
battle to unionize workers at many 


No Extradition 
For Suspect in 
U.S. Slaying, 


companies, especially when employers 
taka such action as dismissing workers 
who head organizing drives. Last 
month, the Union of NeedLetpdes, In- 
dustrial and Textile Employees lost a 
drive to organize 5,000 workers at 12 
Fieldcrest Cannon factories in North 
Carolina. Union officials assert that the 
company broke die federal law against 
in timidating workers. 

In a statement. US Airways said 
Monday that it would accept its legal 
Obligations to recognize and hargflin 
with the communication workers, 
while it appeals a mediator's decision 
that allowed the election. Richard 
Weintraub, a company spokesman, de- 
clined further comment 
. Jeffrey Miller, a spokesman for the 
Communications Workers, said his un- 
ion hoped to use the US Airways victory 
as a springboard to unionize 14,000 
r service workers at United Air 


... WadiiTigton PoafSenfcr 

WASHINGTON — The Israeli au- 
thorities have, told U.S. diplomats that 
they will refuse to extradite a 17-year- 
old to face murder charges .m 
Maryland, where he is; accused along 
with a companion of killing an ac- 
quaintance arid burning and dismem- 
bering his body. 

• According to Israeli and American 
sources, die Israeli officials gave in- 
formal notice that they expect to try 
Samuel Sbednbein in Israel instead, be- 
cause, 'they explained, the youth bolds 
Israeli . citizenship and Israeli law bars 
extradition of a citizen. 

At the same time. Israeli policemen 
arrested Mr. Shembein's father, Sol, 
and his older brother, Robert, accusing 
thwn of h elping him flee to Israel last 
week and of trying to disrupt the in* 
vestigafion there. 

U.S. diplomats, noting that Mr. Shem- 
bejn does not speak Hebrew and that be 
would be far from home if imprisoned in 

Israel said they stiU hoped that he might 
agree to return voluntarily to face ti » 
charges - against him in Montgomery 
County, They hinted that sensitive ne- 
gotiations^ that end were unda way but 
declined to elaborate. 

Notified cf the Israeli decision, Robert 
Dean, Montgomery County slate's attor- 
ney, said that his office would assist in 
prosecuting Mr. Shembein, but he ex- 
pressed sharp disappointment that the sus- 
pect was to remain in IsraeL “It’s our 
munfcr,” Mr. Dean sail “What we much 
prefe is having Mr. Sheinbein return and 
be held accountable under American law. 


les. 

Industry officials estimate that there - 
are 60,000 passenger-service workers in 
the airline industry who do not belong to 
unions. The only passenger service 
workers who are organized are at North- 
west Airlin es and TWA 


to cooperate with Israeli officials.” 

In a court bearing in Israel for the 
father, Sol Sheinbein, an Israeli police 
officer disclosed Monday that the 
younger Sheinbein intends to claim 
self-defense in the homicide of Tello, 
whose body, chaired and limbless, was 
discovered in an empty house hi the 
Aspen Hill section of Montgomery 
County on Sept 18. 

Mr. Dean took issue with the assertion 
that the slaying was committed in self- 
defense, saying, “I’m not aware of any 
evidence that points in that direction.” 

Mr. Shembein would be subject to a 
maximum sentence of life in prison m 
either Israel or Maryland, according to 
Mr. Dean. He indicated, however, that 
Mr. Shembein would have a better 
chance of being released on parole in 
Israel than in the United States. 



I 

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PAGE 4 


EVTERlSATIOiVAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


THE AMERICAS 


Ancient Journal Put Off 

Fear of Hoax Delays Book on Visit to China 


By Dinitia Smith 

Neu York Times Sen-ice 

NEW YORK — Citing 
doubts raised about the au- 
thenticity of a manuscript. 
Little. Brown & Co. is post- 
poning publication in the 
United States of a book pur- 
porting to show that a 13th- 
century Italian-Jewish mer- 
chant visited China four years 
before Marco Polo. 

The book, “The City of 
Light," which had been 
scheduled for publication 
Nov. 3, is based on a 
manuscript said to be written 
by a 13th-century figure, Jac- 
ob d' Ancona. A contempor- 
ary British writer who taught 
at Oxford University for 
many years, David Sel- 
boume, said he had dis- 
covered the work in Italy and 
then had translated and edited 
it. 

But recently there has been 
talk among scholars that it 
might be a hoax. Jonathan 


Spence, a specialist in 
Chinese history at Yale Uni- 
versity, says that descriptions 
of sexual practices, street life 
and other elefteots led him to 
doubt the book's genuine- 
ness. A review by Mr. Spence 
was scheduled to appear in 
The New Yak Times Book 
Review on Oct. 12 but has 
been suspended. 

“We had sent copies of 
galleys out to a broad spec- 
trum of academics looking 
for concerns and enthusi- 
asms," said Sarah Crichton 
of Little, Brown. “We also 
sent it to Jonathan Spence. 
We heard through reporters 
Last week that he felt it was a 
fake and would be saying so 
in The New York Times." 

But she said: “We are not 
doing this to sidestep a bad 
review. Other academics we 
respect very mach are raising 
concerns." 

Mr. Selboume, 60, reached 
at his home in Urbino, Italy, 
vouched for the book, a vivid 



account of a journey under- 
taken by d’ Ancona in 1270 
through China, Syria, the 
Gulf region and India. 

“Uncreative academics 
are always distressed when a 
fellow academic writes 
something which attracts at- 
tention and becomes popular 
or sells," he said. 

Ms. Crichton said: **I love 
this book, and I would love it 
to be real.” She said Liitle. 
Brown's sister company in 
England would publish the 
book in October. 

The manuscript describes 
in vivid detail the Chinese 
coastal city of Zaitnn. There 
are dramatic accounts of the 
city's rulers, criminals and 
prostitutes. 

Mr. Selboume said the 
manuscript was brought to 
him in 1991 by an Italian who 
lives near Urbino. He said he 
had been allowed to translate 
and edit it only after pledging 
not to reveal the identity of its 
owner, or to show the original 
to anyone. 

In an interview, Mr. 
Spence cited aspects of ' ‘The 
City of Light" that be said 
raised questions. 

D’ Ancona, for instance, 
describes the sexual behavior 
of Chinese women. “The in- 
timate description of male 
and female private parts 
would not be common in a 
journal of that time, espe- 
cially from a religious man," 
Mr. Spence said. 

In another example, Mr. 
Spence said, the merchant de- 
scribes “the incredible noise 
of a constant number of car- 
riages." But he said: “This 
was not an area of carriages. 
They mostly had sedan chairs 
and coolies." 

Mr. Selboume said the de- 
scriptions of sex were 
* 'somewhat unusual," but 
added, “Jews don’t have a 
puritanical view of sex." 

In reference to die car- 
riages, he said, “I may have 
mistranslated." 

Mr. Selboume said of the 
dispute: “It’s either a hoax 
t ‘~ *sed off on me. or it’s 



Sffua ’WJ'h/Tbr Amnutcd Pick 


HONORS FOR ART — President BiD Clinton and bis wife, Hillary, at the 
White House dinner for the 20 recipients of the National Medals in the arts and 
h um anities, the highest citations in the United States for cultural achievement. 





Broad Gains on 
Economic 






Away From Politics 

• A freshman student at the Massachu- 

setts Institute of Technology has died after 
an alcoholic binge at a fraternity house. Scott 
Krueger, 18, of Orchard Park, New York, had 
a blood alcohol level more than five times the 
legal driving limit after a party Friday at the 
Phi Gamma Delta fraternity, officials said. 
The student, whose parents said he did not 
drink, was put on life-support systems at a 
hospital but died Monday. (AP) 

• A piece of scaffolding collapsed be- 

neath the Queensboro Bridge in New York 
City, killing an ironworker and leaving three 
others dangling high above the East River 
until they were rescued by firefighters and 
police officers using mountain-climbing 
gear. (NYT) 

• Washington, D.C-, posted its lowest in- 
fant mortality rate on record last year, May- 


igned L. 

into circulation Oct 27, on schedule despite 
a tiny p rintin g flaw that marred 30 million of 
the bills. The redesigned SI 00 note was in- 
troduced in Much 1996. A new $20 bill is 
expected next year, with smaller denomin- 
ations to follow. (API 

• A University of North Texas professor 
of communications in Denton. Don Staples, 
was placed on paid leave after declaring at a 
campus forum mat minority students had poor 
class -attendance habits. School officials said 
Mr. Staples probably would not return to work 
until after an Oct. 10 racial diversity work- 
shop that he has pledged to attend. The pro- 
fessor apologized for his remarks, made dur- 
ing a discussion on Friday among students and 
faculty on ways to advance the university's 
standing. (AP) 


a work written by me. Then 
it’s a great picaresque, philo- 
sophical novel which I would 
be proud to have written." 


- . __ , j I nvestigators in Arizona looking into 

or Marion Barry announced. The rate dropped jj, e deaths 0 f 1 1 hikers who were swept away 
to 14.4 infant deaths per 1.000 births from a flash flood m a narrow canyon in August 

said no one — including the guide who sur- 
vived — would face charges in the accident A 
ticket-taker told some hikers that it was dan- 
gerous to enter the canyon after a rainstorm, 
but not all heeded the advice. (AP) 


per 

16.1 in 1995. The impro vement mirror; a U.S. 
trend in infant death rates among both blacks 
and whites. But the rate nationwide among 
black babies is still double the rate for 
whites. (WP) 


By Steven A. Holmes 

flew Ycrk Timra Sort kv 

WASHINGTON . — 

Brightening economic for- 
tunes ate increasingly extend- 
ing io racial and ethnic minor- 
lities and reaching further 
\down the economic ladder as 
nation’s recovery moves 
jugh its sixth year, accord- 
ing to several new reports. 

‘.The reports — income and 
<erty studies issued Mon- 
i by the Census Bureau and 
a report on home ownership 
released by Harvard Uni- 
— indicate that in the 
vears. the economic 

for nearly all house- 

lave risen and that the 
long minorities have 
cases reached un- 
levels. 

Bolstering this view, the 
Census Bureau reported that 
for the setond year in a row, 
median household income in- 
creased in 1996, rising 1 -2 per- 
cent, to $35,4(92. This was only 
the second time since 1989 — 
just before theiast recession — 
that the medianincome did not 
fall or remain stagnant. 

The study alsp noted char the 
median income for full-time 
working women was 74 per- 
cent of that for men last year, 
the smallest earnings gap ever 
recorded between the sexes. 
But the shrinking gap reflects 
more a decline of men's wages 
than an improvement of wom- 
en's incomes. 

Recently, the Bureau of 
Labor Statistics reported that 
the income gap between men 
and women had in fact 
widened. But the bureau 
study looked at all workers, 
including temporary workers. 
In contrast, the Census Bu- 
reau looked only at full-time 
year-round employees. 

The Census Bureau reports 
also contained some gloomy 
news. While the growth in 
income for the richest 20 per- 
cent outpaced all other 
groups, the poorest 20 percent 
of the country's households 
had an income drop of 1.8 
percent last year. And 


500.000 more people, com- 
pared with the previous year 
were living on incomes that 7 
were less than half the official - 
poverty 1 level in 1996. 

The overall * picture, 

however, showed uzipmving 

fortunes for minorities almost 
across the board, evidence 
that economists say points to 
the benefits that- a robust 
economy is extending to 
more groups of people. 

In the last three years, vir- 
tually all groups — non-His. 
panic whites, hi acts, Hispan- 
ic s and Asian -Americ an* 

have seen their median in- 
comes rise and their poverty 
rates drop. 

The Census Bureau report- 
ed that lost year. 28.4 percent 
of black households were be- 
low the poverty line; that was 
the lowest proportion of 
blacks living in poverty since 
the Census Bureau began 
keeping tabs in 1955 and is 
undoubtedly the lowest black 
poverty rate in the country’s 
history. A family of four mak- 
ing SI6, 036 in 1996 dollars is 
considered to be living at the 
poverty level. 

Although the median in- 
come for blacks and Hispan- 
ic s continued to bail that of 
non- Hispanic whites last 
year, black men working full 
time narrowed a gap to earn 
SO percent of the income of 
non-Hispanic white men, the 
smallest income gap between 
these two groups in 30 years. 

The Census Bureau** an- 
nual report was released on 
the same day as a Harvard 
study showing that economic 
gains by minorities helped 
foci the ‘country's residential 
real estate boom in 1993-96. 

Demographers had pre- 
dicted that the housing con- 
struction surge would slow in 
the 1990s as the baby-boom 
generation settled into more 
or less permanent housing. 
Instead, the number of 
homeowners grew by 3.4 mil- 
lion households in the period 
studied, with minority 
homeowners making up 29 
percent of the increase. 











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THE INTERMARKET 
Continues 
on Page 17 


POLITICAL NOTES 


It’s Only a Ploy, 
Democrats Assert 

WASHINGTON — Senator Trent 
Lott, leader of the Republican majority 
in foe Senate, has proposed amending 
foe main bipartisan campaign-finance 
legislation in Congress with a provi- 
sion that Democrats immediately de- 
nounced as a ploy to lull foe bill. 

The provision, which would prohibit 
unions from deducting dues or fees 
from foe paychecks of union and 
nonunion workers for political activ- 
ities without their permission, is 
strongly opposed by foe AFL-CIO. 

Because unions endorse Democratic 
candidates for more often than they 
endorse Republicans, most Democrats 
have vowed to vote against any bill that 
includes this provision. 


Mr, Lott insisted foal he was just 
sticking up for workers’ rights. “No 
workers should be forced to pay for 
politics they don’t support," he said. 

(NYT) 

Illegal Immigrants 
May Gain Reprieve 

WASHINGTON — The House has 
granted a reprieve of sorts to hundreds 
of thousands of illegal immigrants, ap- 
proving a three-week extension of a 
provision that allows many foreigners 
to remain in the country while they 
seek permanent legal status. 

The provisicnvmitigates a tough new 
rule that presets large numbers of 
people residiif illegally in foe United 
States •“'fejttrhoice: either leave foe 
country n^.^aiitely, often abandoning 


jobs and families, in hopes of. even- 
tually becoming legal immigrants, or 
stay on and risk a furtive future as 
petpetual illegal aliens. 

The extension would allow eligible 
foreigners to pay a fine of $1,000 and 
stay while seeking to become legal 
residents. (WP) 

Quote/ Unquote 

Gene Sperling, a White House eco- 
nomics adviser, on a proposal for an 
oversight board of private citizens to 
develop the budget and strategic long- 
term planning of the Internal Revenue 
Service: “We will vigorously oppose 
foe efforts to turn over foe IRS man- 
agement to part-time , oufside private 
people. We think that would laid to a 
recipe for conflicts of interest, less 
accountability and less trust.’ ' (WP) 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


PAGE 5 


EUROPE 






■at. 1 

" Hii| 

M 



After Quake, Pup Tents in Italian Chill 


By Celestine Bohlen ™ ^ 

Afinr K*t 7mm J Service lapsed hie roofs, others 

touched, at least od the outsid 

ACCIANO, Italy — For four inspecting a sample of 3,500 h 
nights now. the residents of this tiny the region, expats found 41 pt 
hillside hamlet have lain awake in be uninhabitable — except in t 
their cars and pup tents, huddled to- of Nocera Umbra and its suit 
gether against the autumn chili, wait- villages, of which Acciano 
mg to hear the earth beneath them There die rate was 72 percent. 


cracks down the walls, or partly col- citizens, you can’t take them away.” off the shelves. I tripped, and that s 
lapsed die roofs, others were un- Mr. Chiocca’s father-in-law, Gio- .how I hurt myself.” 
touched, at least on the outside. After vanni Armillei, said: “We don’t want In most cases, residents did no 
inspecting a sample of 3,500 houses in to abandon our houses, because we need much convincing to leave uieir 
the region, experts found 41 percent to are country people. If we abandon houses after the second earthquake, 
be uninhabitable — except in the town everything, what will we do? Our which registered 5.6 on the Richter 
of Nocera Umbra and its surrounding lives are our fields, our chickens, our scale, nine hours after a fust quake 
villages, of which Acciano is orie. horses, our pigs.” struck at 2:33 AM. Friday. . 


vanni Armillei, said: “We don’t want 
to abandon our houses, because we 
are country people. If we abandon 


In most cases, residents did not 
need much convincing to leave their 
houses after the second earthquake, 


everything, what will we do? Our which registered 5.6 on the Richter 
lives are our fields, our chickens. Our scale, nine hours after a first quake 
horses, our pigs.” struck at 2:33 A.M. Friday. 

There is also bitterness about die In the hamlet of Petracchia Gio-, 


move again. 

For the older generation, many in 


The authorities are still warning 
people to stay away from their homes. 


their 80s and 90s — who make up half probably for another week, until a eminent focused on the damage 


initial reaction to the Friday earth- vannotti, where die side of the tallest 
quake, when the press and the gov- building slid to the ground, all 60 
eminent focased on the damage done residents moved down the hill to a 

campground Friday afternoon. After 


of Acciano’ s population of 60 — the 
low rumbling sounds and the fear that 
follows bring back memories of the 
distant bombs of World War H 

For Marcello Chiocca, the after- 
shocks from the earthquake that sent 
tens of thousands fleeing from their 
homes in central Italy on Friday are 
almost supernatural. 

“J think of it as a long worm. 


door-to-door inspection can be com- to the 13th-century basilica of St campground Friday afternoon. After 
pleted. In the meantime, entire towns Francis in Assisi, where chunks of rising up in protest, they ware finally; 
and villages have become ghost precious frescoes came crashing to provided with government-issued 


towns, with shuttered shops and the ground, killing four people, 
empty houses. “Everyone hoe is Catholic, we are 

The Italian government has made all religious,” Mr. Chiocca said. 
available 1 2,364 beds, either in “But I think that we should think of 
campers, tents, even tr ains set aside to people first, and then the churches. ” 
receive die homeless. The number of The medieval center of Nocera 


people who have spent the last few 


writhing down the valley,” said the days sleeping away from their bouses 


Children in Foligno playing Tuesday outside ten for those who fled their homes. 



Top Italian Union Chief Ttflks Are Set for Ulster 
Backs ProdVs Budget 


ROME — A top trade union leader in Italy 
threw his weight Tuesday behind a plan to cut 
the state's spending on pensions, a plan that 


ELFAST — Full-scale peace talks are set 
open in Northern Ireland early next week, 
urees in rival political parties said Tuesday. 
I During two and a half hours of preliminary 
talks in Belfast, representatives of pro-British 


people first, and then the churches." 

The medieval center of Nocera 
Umbra itself, a maze of narrow wind- 
ing cobblestone streets leading up the 
shank of a hill, is utterly deserted 
except for the odd cat, blocked off by 
red ribbons stretched across rubble- 


29-year-old metal worker, who is is still a matter of guesswork, given shank of a hill, is n 
camping out here with his wife’s fam- the uncounted numbers who have pre- except for the odd cat, 
ily. “It felt as though the ground was ferred to stay close to home in their red ribbons stretched 
dancing below us.'* cars, but on Monday convoys of new strewn intersections. 

The continuing tremora are fewer campers were making the trek to the The only person inj 
now. but the fear remains here and in quake-stricken region. Umbra during Friday*! 

dozens of other villages and towns It took time for the civil protection quake — which mere 
where people are living in tents, cars authorities to reach places like Ac- two jolts, with enouj 
and campers — 'many grouped in ciano, tiny farming communities between them to sent 
makeshift emergency centers set up where the old stone houses are main- running out of their I 
by authorities for the "terremotati” tained by an aging population. The first Angela Armillei, h 
the Italian word for those who have allotment of state-issued blue tents 


campers over the weekend. , 

With two families packed into 
campers built for one, pewple wonder- 
wben die emergency relief will move 
to its next phase, in particular the pro-* 
vision of prefabricated housing thalj 
will get them through the winter. • 

■ Quake Rocks Sicily ; 

An earthquake measuring 3.4 on 
the Richter scale rocked eastern S icily 
on Tuesday as central Italy was still 


The only person injured in Nocera struggling to come to terms with, 
Umbra during Friday’s midda y earth- powerful twin quakes that left a trail 


has set the government on a collision course • and pro-Irish groups recommended Oct. 7 as 


with a key hard-left ally. 

Sergio Cofferati, secretary of the Cgil labor 
confederation, said that rules allowing Italians 
to take early retirement had to be tightened, 
even though exceptions could be made for 
those who started working early in their lives. 

Italians can retire on a full pension in their 
early 50’s if they have paid into the system for 
a minimum of 35 years. 

Mr. Cofferati also criticized the Refounded 
Communist Party for saying it would vote 
against the 1998 budget because it calls for 
cutting 4.5 trillion lire ($2.6 billion) in pen- 
sion spending. ( Reuters 1 

Swiss Warm to the EU 

ZURICH — Most Swiss want their country 
to join the European Union, a poll published 
Tuesday indicated. 

A telephone survey of 2,600 people by the 
Blick newspaper found that 56.4 percent favored 
joining the EU and 40.7 percent did not 


l the s tan-up date, the sources said. ( Renters ) 


been “earthquaked.” 

In many communities in Umbria, 
one of two regions hit by Friday's 
back-to-back earthquakes, the worst in 
Italy since 1980, most houses are still 
standing. While some have gaping 


only arrived here Monday morning. 
“At first they thought of the bigger 


quake — which mercifully came in 
two jolts, with enough of a pause 
between them to send most people 
running out of their houses — was 
Angela Armillei, Mr. Chiocca’s 
wife. 

“There were 25 people in the su- 
permarket where I work and I was the 


towns, and they forgot about us,’ ' said only one hurt,” she said; sitting by the 
Mr. Chiocca. road with a bandaged foot “I felt the 

“Here over half the population is ground shake and as we were running 
made up of old people. These senior for the doors, the cans were popping 


of destruction, Reuters reported from 
Syracuse, Sicily. 

A spokesman for Rome's national. 
Institute of Geophysics said the epi-i 
center was registered in the sea off 
Syracuse at 1:44 A.M. No damage 
was immediately reported. 

He added that a fresh tremor, meas-' 
uring 3.6, was registered in the north- 
eastern town of Dobbiaco, on the 
Austrian border, at 11:01 P.M. Mon-, 
day. . • 


Study Points to Human Infection by 6 Mad Cow 9 Disease 


By Sandra Blakeslee lished m * c Brids |! 

awiwjta,«s t n*v J° u ™‘ , Nan,n ;' re ™ ve dl 
doubts that mad cow disease is 

NEW YORK — Scientists in _ in any way distinct from the dis- 
Scotland say they have found the ease that struck the people who 


first “compelling evidence" 
that “mad cow” disease — a 
mysterious brain ailment that 
has killed thousands of cattle in 
Britain — has been transmitted 
to people who apparently con- 
tracted the disease after eating 
beef or being exposed to cattle. 

Fourteen people have died 
from the cow disease — bovine 


were studied. It resembles an 
ailment called Creutzfeldt Jacob 
disease and has been called a 


ease and that the mice developed 14 ir 
die same pattern of brain damage relati 
they developed when injected venti 
with brain tissue from sick cows, ease 
These findings were regarded as over 
proof that people and cows were with 
afflicted by the same ailment. disci 
Mad cow disease emerged in direc 


14 months and that it might be changed as it passed among spe- 


new variant Creutzfeldt Jacob Britain in the mid-1980s when 
disease. The new experiments cows began to stagger, behave 


joining the EU and 40.7 percent did not. 11001 Vl c cow disease oovme 

But the poll also found that voters in 14 of spongiform encephalopathy. 
Switzerland’s 26 regional cantons — which for the sponge-like holes 

would also have to give majority approval — tiiat it eats into the brain — and 
were opposed. The rejection by canton, seven more are seriously ill and 
however, was much less strong than it had expected to die from iL 
been when voters rejected a plan to strengthen Th e reswrehers said their 
ties with the EU in 1992. (Reuters) findings, which will be pub- 


also strongly suggest that a vi- 
rus-like particle or co-factor is 
involved in the disease, chal- 
lenging a widely held theory (hat 
it is caused by aberrant proteins 
called prioDS. 

The researchers, led by Moira 
Bruce of the Institute of Animal 
Health in Edinburgh, Scotland, 
said they had injected mice with 


weirdly and die by the thousands. 
Autopsies revealed bovine spon- 
giform encephalopathy. Re- 
searchers deduced that cattle had 
gotten the disease from eating 
brains and nerve tissue of sheep 
infected with scrapie. 

In March 1996. the British 
government announced that a 
new variant of Creutzfeldt Jacob 


related to diseased cows. Con- 
ventional Creutzfeldt Jacob dis- 
ease affects older people, mostly 
over age 65, and usually begins 
with dementia and movement 
disorders, said Dr. Robert Will, 
director of the national surveil- 
lance unit for the disease in Ed- 
inburgh. The new variant begins 
with depression and only later 
leads to problems in moving 
arms and legs, he said. 


infected with conventional 
cies. In the experiments de- Creutzfeldt Jacob disease brain- 
scribed in this week’s Nature, the tissue show no clinical signs of. 
researchers took infected human disease. Dr. Bostock said, 
tarn tfsrae. ground it upand B f EU Ban 

injected it into mice. Three 

samples were taken from pa- An influential opinion from 
bents who died from new variant the European Union’s highest 
Creutzfeldt Jacob disease. Six court on Tuesday called the 
were culled from the brains of European Union ban on British 


people who died from conven- beef exports justified because it 
tional Creutzfeldt Jacob disease, countered a “real risk” of mad 
The mice injected with new cow disease. The Associated 
riant Creutzfeldt Jacob dis- Press reported from Luxe ru- 
se tissue are all developing foe bourg. 


arms and legs, he said. 1 be mice injected witn new 

Dr. Bruce and her colleagues variant Creutzfeldt Jacob dis- 
carded out a series of exper- ease tissue are all developing foe 


tissue samples from foe brains of disease had occurred in 10 
people who had died of the dis- young people over foe previous 


merits in which they found that BSE signature, said Dr. Chris- The opinion by the European 
sheep have many different ver- topher Bostock, director of foe Court of Justice’s advocate gen- 
sions of foe disease, while cows Institute of Animal Health, end, Giuseppe Tesauro, came 
have only one. which the re- There is no doubt, he said, that after foe ban was challenged by 
searchers called the “BSE sig- foe mice have mad cow disease the National Fanners Union, a 
nature. ’ ’ They also found that the that was passed on to them British group, with foe British 
cow disease agent was un- through human brains. The mice government’s backing. 


The opinion by the European 
Court of Justice's advocate gen- 
eral, Giuseppe Tesauro, came 
after foe ban was challenged by 







-PAGE 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


ASIA/PACIFIC 



SEARCH FOR ANSWERS — Indonesians hunting Tuesday for the flight 
recorder amid pieces of the Garuda airliner that crashed in Sumatra, killing Z34. 


For Foreign Workers, a Harsh South Korea 


By Velisarios Kattoulas 

Ime milwnal Herald Tribute 

SONG NAM, South Korea 
— Bom and raised in China, 
Suh Bok Jae arrived here in 
June with great expectations. 

His parents. ethnic 
Koreans, had once visited 
South Korea- and returned to 
China with nothing but praise 
for their ancestral home. 

“Perhaps I was unlucky, 
but I ended up at a company 
where they treated me like 
dirt," said Mr. Suh, one of 
thousands of immigrant 
manual laborers working in 
South Korea. “If anybody at 
the company wanted me for 
something, they wouldn't use 
my name. They would just 
shout, ‘ Son of a bitch! 

Moreover, Mr. Suh contin- 
ued, the company put his life 
at risk by assigning him to a 
cable machine with a safety 
catch that management knew 
was broken. 

One morning in mid-Au- 
gust, as he settled down to 
spend the day making cables, 
the machine jammed. An en- 
suing explosion smashed his 
ribs, crushed his right arm and 
broke his skull so badly that 
he needed two brain opera- 
tions to save his life. 

Two months after the ac- 
cident, Mr. Suh, 37, is still 
recuperating and looks angry 
and tired. 

His impression of this 
country? “South Korea is a 
barbaric society." 

Tales like Mr. Suh’s are so 
common that labor activists 
rank South Korea’s work- 
place environment as one of 
the world's least hospitable 
for foreign manual laborers. 


SET ‘They Treated. Me Like Dirt , ; One Complains 

i ute J 


Some contend tharit is among 
the most brutal. 

According to government 
statistics, about 217,000 for- 
eign workers, the bulk from 
China. India, Pakistan and 
Bangladesh, do the dirty and 
dangerous jobs that newly af- 
fluent South Koreans no 
longer want. 

For an average equivalent 
of S800 a month — about a 
third of local wages for com- 
parable jobs — they work 
marathon shifts for small con- 
struction and manufacturing 
companies. Although many 
are treated well, a significant 
portion are said to suffer at the 
hands of unscrupulous em- 
ployers. 

“Most foreigners don't re- 
port attacks against them be- 
cause they are afraid of being 
deported,” said Shin Hong 
Ju, a missionary at the Song 
Nam Migrant Workers 
House, one of 120 migrant- 
worker shelters nationwide 
that are funded by religious 
groups. “It’s only when I go 
out to eat with foreign work- 
ers and they relax that they 
tell me. almost in passing, 
about what happened to them. 
Some have been treated in 
such inhuman ways." 

According to Mr. Shin, for- 
eign workers are beaten, bit- 
ten, burned with cigarettes 
and paid late, if at all. Some 
South Koreans, he said, tor- 
ment Muslims by kicking and 
punching them for not drink- 
ing alcohol, then force them 
to gulp beer or other alcoholic 
beverages. 

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“SS "SS3S3S. 

i, a porn, of both shame and tat p»|«* ■£ J 1 ^, 
gr They point out that as little businesses where violence is 


as 15 years ago. when their 
country was less rich,_ thou- 
sands of South Korean 
flocked overseas looking for 
work. 


rampant, foreign workers 
rurelv last two years. 

Activists point our that U P 
to 1 40.000 of the 2 1 7,000 for- 
eigners in South Korea are 

^ . . . . 'll... ..Ill- I.I'IV- 


Govemment officials insis. waiting here lUegal >. 
that violence against foreign- \ ing them at the men.% ol their 
ers is rare and. thar if there is ' employers, 
any, nobody is lodging com- \ "The 

jeans to see rortign workers 
in terms of economic etii- 
cicnoy rather than as human 


plaints. 

“If rhere are any incidents, 
victims aren't reporting them 
to us." said Kim Jong Yoon, a 
Labor Ministry officiaL 
Earlier this month, the gov- 
ernment moved to strengthen 
foreign workers' rights. Lin- 
der a proposed work permit 
system pending action in Par- 
liament, foreign workers with 
at least two vears in the coun- 
the 


beings," said Mr. Shin at the 
shelter for foreign workers in 
Soil g Nam. 50 kilometers i.iQ 
milW) south of Seoul. 

‘It only calculates the 
costa and benefits for Korea s 
economy of having them 
herc,’\ he added. Mr. Shin is 
now taking care of 20 injured, 
ill or Vinemployed Chinese 
and South Asian workers. 
Some\ South Koreans 


trv would have the same 
rights as their South Korean 

counterparts, starting in Janu- . 

iqgo blame Japan s 35-y lot occu 

in particular, the bill would potion ol\the Korean Pen in - 
provide foreign workers with sular earlier this cemuo.unnl 
identical accident insurance. 1945. for any brutality by 
medical benefits and sever- their comp.*nots. 


North Koreatn educated 
or given good johsty the Jap. 
ancse were purged w fled to 
South Korea, said Han 
Hong Xi. a rowan* f e |i ow ^ 
the LG Economic Research 
Institute, the research arm of a 
major South Korean con- 
glomerate. 

■ 'Those fleeing brought the 
Japanese culture ©f violence 
with them, reinforcing what 
had already taken root in the 
South under the Japanese.” 
Some missionaries and 

academics who have worked 
with brutalized foreign work- 
ers trace the roots of the vi- 
olcnce to subconscious rac- 
ism. which they identify as 
the instinct at the heart of gen- 
ocide in Bosnia and Rwanda 
and of sporadic racial vio- 
lence worldwide.. 

In short, they say, two cen- 
turies after the Industrial Rev- 
olution touched off the 
biggest wave of migration in 
human history, people have 
yet to come even close to con- 
quering feelings of racial su- 
periority. And, they say, that 
seems especially true in 
South Korea, which has a 
long history of isolation anti 
was known as foe Hermit 
Kingdom. 


I 


Kashmir Shelling Kills 18 

Thousands in India Flee Pakistani Artillery Fire 


The Associated Press 

JAMMU. India — Heavy cross-border 
shelling from Pakistan killed 18 civilians 
and wounded 30 others in the Indian Kash- 
mir region Tuesday, defense officials said. 

It was one of the worst civilian tolls in a 
border skirmish between the rivals. 

Shells pummeled the Himalayan border 
town of Kargil starting early Tuesday af- 
ternoon and continued after nightfall. 

Thousands of residents fled the town, 
according to the army spokesman. Anti 
Bhatt. "There is a virtual exodus." he said. 
Mr. Bhart confirmed that 15 people had 
died, but defense officials in the area, 
speaking on condition of anonymity, said 
that initial reports had put the death toll at 


18. It was the third serious incident in the 
area in the last month, although artillery 
shelling across the disputed frontier is 
routine. Pakistan fired on Kargil m June for 
nearlv two days, forcing many residents to 
flee to areas out of the range of the shells. 

Defense and civilian officials in Jammu, 
the capital of the Indian state of Jammu and 
Kashmir, said shells hit a bus stand where 
people were waiting. 

Less than a week ago. the Indian and 
Pakistani prime ministers met in New York 
and promised to keep such incidents under 
controL 

A top Indian official in Jammu said the 
attack shows Pakistan’s * 'insincerity in nor- 
malizing relations with India.” 


BRIEFLY 


China Faults U.S. Move 
To Bolster Broadcasts 

BELTING — China criticized the United 
Slates on Tuesday for what it said was 
meddlesome legislation that would increase 
funding for radio broadcasts to China and step 
up monitoring of human rights. 

"The original intention of setting up Radio 
Free Asia was to use freedom of speech as a 
reason, or excuse, to interfere in the internal 
politics of Asian countries," saidCui Tiankai. 
a spokesman for the Foreign Ministry. 

Radio Free Asia has been championed by 
the U.S. government as a voice for democracy 
since it began broadcasting in 1996. 

“Asia's freedom is fought out by the 
people of Asian countries mid does not depend 
on any larger power," Mr. Cui said. 

The “Radio Free Asia Act of 1997," ap- 
proved Monday by a House committee, would 
increase funding for Radio Free Asia and 
Voice of America broadcasts to China. It 
would require the broadcasters to begin 24- 
hour services in Mandv&n, Cantonese and 
other Chinese dialects, JSd Tibetan j[ R euters) 

2 Taiwan Jar Force Jets 
Crash During Training 

TAIPEI — Two Taiwanese Air Force jets 
crashed into a mountain Tuesday near the 
eastern city of Hualien, killing three crew 
members. 

An air force spokesman said the planes 
were an F-5E single-seater and an F-5F two- 
seat plane. Initial reports said the planes had 
collided. But an investigation showed they 
bad flown separately into a mountain during 
low-altitude training. ( AP ) 


Program; the other half came from such 
donors as China [ 1 27.000 tons). South Korea 
(1 15,000 tons), the European Union (95,000 
tons l and the United States (55.000 tons), 

Washington has been the largest contrib- 
utor of cash to an appeal by the World Food 
Program for $143 million. The United States 
gave S3S million: the EU $24.4 million, and 
South Korea S20.5 million. {AFP) 

Manila Debunks Reports 
Of Marcos Gold Stash 

MANILA — Reports that former President 
Ferdinand Marcos had $13 billion in a Swiss 
bank are nonsense and simply an old yam 
spun into a talc like those in the Arabian 
Nights, the Philippines said Tuesday. 

Court statements about the existence of 
tons of Marcos gold in a Swiss vault are 
nothing more than a rehash of stories already 
debunked by Swiss federal authorities, the 
chief of the presidential commission on good 
government said. 

“This is something out of the Arabian 
Nights, and we have a brand new 
Scheherazade." said Magtanggol Guni- 
gundo. the commission’s chairman. He was 
referring to the heroine storyteller of the Ara- 
bian Nights tale. 

Robert Swift, an American lawyer for vic- 
tims of human-rights abuses during Mr. Mar- 
cos’s rale, told a judge of the Los Angeles 
district court Monday that investigators had 
found close to $13 billion belonging to the 
Marcos estate in the Union Bank of Switzer- 
land. 

The amount was far higher than other es- 
timates of the wealth believed to have been 
amassed by Mr. Marcos during his 20 years in 
power. He was overthrow n in a popular revolt 
in 1986. (Reuters) 


North Korea Food Aid Ramos Signs Measure 
Will Make Up Shortfall Redefining Rape Laws 


GENEVA — International aid will allow 
North Koreans, many of whom are suffering 
from starvation, to survive until the October 
harvest, the United Nations World Food Pro- 
gram said here Tuesday. 

About 750.000 metric tons of food aid will 
have been shipped to North Korea before the 
harvest, largely covering a deficit of .800,000 
tons of food, said Christiane Bertbiaunie, a 
spokeswoman for the World Food Program. 
“Thanks to i ntemational aid w'e will be able to 
cover needs.” 

About half the food has been contributed in 
response to an appeal by the World Food 


MANILA —President Fidel Ramos signed 
a rape bill into law Tuesday that for the rest 
time allows both men and spouses to sue for 
rape. 

“Through this law, we ensure that oowam- 
an — including wives — or man is soyecteo 
to sexual acts against her or his will,' M* 1 - 
Ramos said. . . 

Senator Leticia Shahani. the law’s pntKjpaj 
author, said the law redefined rape as a P| 1 T" 
instead of a private crime, making itnossiole for 
the police or any person to sue I 
behalf of a victim. Rape is now pan 


death under certain conditions. 


on 

_ by 
i AP ) 


■ Is it safe to do business on the Internet? 

■ Are there broadly accepted stiindiirds? 

■ What is the role of banks in electronic 
business? 

If you missed the IHTs recent sponsored page un 

Business to c-Business: 
Banking 

• Rl\ or i-mail for -.i fnee reprint. ' 

ami l«am the in* and oute of un-linr Iraasat-iiun. 

Him 4-33 1 41 43 92 13 / L-Muil: ai|ipkaii>nt«@iliiJ mi 


Satellite Off Course 
After India 

Reuters 

BANGALORE.' y? 
India reported 
Tuesday in Uie . Drt, !! 5. it 
earth-imaging a 

launched MoroW.^Ejit 
locally made ra*?**! 
was taking roiwcrei 

The Indian Spff*’- wfo 
Organization 

Mage of the lautK^JJL ra$. 
for the 1.200 
ID satellite Hid 
formed. Thrusts* a* 

satellite were 0^2^ 
1 7th orbit and rn ? Beu 
vers were planned- 



•era 


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Although everyone has the right 
to Life, Liberty and Security 

No one today can ensure this right 
to the population of Algeria 

We all have a responsability 
in, seeing that this right is respected 


Secretary General Kofi Annan, 

In the name of the mandate the 
peoples of the world have 
entrusted to you, we call on you to 
take immediate action to protect 
life ill Algeria. 
























PAGE 8 


WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 

EDITORIALS/OPINION 


Heralb 



PUBLISHED WITH TUB NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON Ffljjnr 


Iranian Proliferation 

i nereis no caintry that people every- would have to consider bringing its 
whan would rather see without mi ss iles own nuclear deterrent into play, 
and nuclear, chemical or biological war- For several years the United States 
heads than ban. The regime flouts the has been after the R ussians , most re- 
interflanonal rules and menaces other cently last week when Vice President 
states with terrorism, subversion and Ai Gore addressed President Boris 
an a th e m a. Hence the concent heard Yeltsin. Mr. Yeltsin has always “cat- 
fawn Israel, Saadi Arabia and the United egoricaUy" denied charges of anthor- 
S tares about the technology flowing ized proliferation, but his assurances 
fawn Russia that enables Iran to extend dissolve in the corruption of the Rus- 
hs Special-weapons r each well beyond sian mili tary-industrial c omp lex. The 
700 miles (1,130 kilometers). That United States seeks to have Moscow 
would bring Israel, for one, within range halt rocket aid and reduce die pro- 
of a regime sworn to destroy it The liferation potential in its aid to 
Israelis are pressing Washington to ap- Tehran's civ ilian nuclear program, 
ply the e conom ic sanctions on private Pressure to impose economic sanctions 
and state-owned firms that American on the errant R ussian firm;? is rising as 
law requires a g a ins t violators of the diplomacy with a focus on fact-gath- 
anns sellers’ code, the Missile Tech- ering fails to make an ariwnaip. mark, 
oology Control Regime. The many strands of American 

Mention Israel and Iran, and Israel policy toward Russia slow the Clinton 
and Iraq come to many minds. Israel administration's march on Iranian pro- 
waraed repeatedly that Saddam Hus- liferation. This is wrong if it nvans 
sein was putting Iraq into the nuclear American balance is makin g it easier to 
club, ask«i for help, was dismissed and arm provocatively a regime whose 
finally took out Iraq's key facility on hints of domestic moderation have yet 
its own — to the United States' im- to find reflection in its foreign policy, 
mense relief in the Gulf War. Israel’s At some point Israel and nan, like 
current warnings carry the implicit Israel and Iraq, most be brought into 
message that it would act unilaterally the circle of coexistence in the Middle 
again if its vital interests were deemed East Meanwhile, the deterrence of war 
at stake. The situations are different but by the denial of Iranian proliferation — 
not entirely so. Dire crisis sits at the an objective Americans share with Is- 
end of the road of neglect of Iran’s raelis, Saudis, Europeans and many 
special- weapons ambitions. Faced others — comes first 
with Iranian chemical warheads, Israd — the Washington post. 


Don’t Let China’s Dissidents Vanish in the Gulag i 


N EW YORK — As the White House 
prepares to roll out the red carpet 


month, China's most prominent dissi- 
dent, Wei Jingsheng, is dying in prison. 
He has been there since 1994, me year 
President Bill Clinton decided not to 
link most-favored-nation trading stares 
with human-rights conditions in China- 
I am certain that Mr. Wei's pre- 
dicament is directly tied to that de- 
cision. Indeed, I was present at a meet- 
ing that led to his arrest 
It was February 1994. Mr. Wei had 
just been released- from {Bison after 
serving a 1416-year sentence far writing 
and hanging pro-democracy posters. Be- 
cause I was bis interpreter and assistant, 
the American Embassy in Beijing called 
me to arrange a meeting between Mr. 
Wei and John Shattuck, the assistant 
secretary of state far human rights, who 
was in town on an official visit. 

Two days later, Mr. Shattuck met 
with Mr. Wei in the coffee shop of a 
large hotel in Beijing. Six Chinese 
plainclothes police officers hovered 
nearby. During the one-hour meeting, 
Mr. Shattuck asked Mr. Wei to suggest 
how President Clinton should approach 
the issue of human rights in tnma 
Mr. Wej replied, “The United States 
should be at least as firm in its position 
on human rights in China as the 
Chinese government is." 

Mr. Shattuck then went on to ask 
whether Mr. Wei thought the United 
States could best support human rights 
by supporting the Chinese democracy 


By Tong Yi 


movement or by applying direct pres- 
sure on the Chinese government 

“Put pressure on the Chinese gov- 
ernment," Mr. Wei answered. That 
way, the government would be less 
likely to crack down on the democracy 
movement 

Five days after this conversation, 
Mr. Wei was arrested. Shortly after I 
told the international media about his 
arrest, I too was detained. 

Two months later, in a detention 
camp, I heard an announcement over 
the prison loudspeakers that President. 
Clinton bad decided to grant most- 
favored-nation status to China. I said to 
myself, “Now Wei Jingsheng will nev- 
er get out of prison.' 1 

Shortly thereafter, I was sentenced 
to 2 Vi years of “re-education through 
labor" and sent to a labor camp near 
Wuhan, my hometown. 

In December 1995 — after being 
held incommunicado for nearly 20 
months — Mr. Wei was formally tried 
and sentenced to an additional 14 years 
in prison. Since then. President Jiang 
Zemin's government has thrown one 
pro-democracy advocate after another 
info prison, among them Wang Dan, 
the Tiananmen Square student leader, 
and Liu Nianchun, a labor activist • 

In its 1996 annual report on human 
rights, the U.S. State Department itself 
accurately described the problem. 

4 ‘All public dissent against the party 


and government" the report con- 
cluded, "was effectively silenced by 
intimidation, exile, the imposition of 
prison terms, administrative detention 
or house arrest" 

So why is President Jiang being 
honored with a 21-gun salute and a 
state dinner at the White House, while 
the true champions of democracy and 
freedom in China — Wei Jingsheng, 

While Jiang Zemin 
dines at the White ’ 
House, Wei Jingsheng is 
being slowly murdered. 

Wang Dan and thousands of others — 
remain in prison? 

As a survivor of China’s prison- 
labor system, I know firsthand what it 
is like to be a citizen of a country that 
can arbitrarily strip you of your dignity. 
Simply because of my association with 
Mr. Wei, I was forced to work long 
hours under horrific conditions to sew 
garments sold for profit by the camp 
where I served my sentence. When I 

protested, I was beaten. 

Even after my release from prison, I 
was subject to boose arrest and denied 
the chance to find a job and live a 
normal life in my own country. Only 
through the tremendous efforts of many, 
human-rights organizations and con- 
cerned individuals in the United States 
do I find myself now living in New 


York, close to the Statue of Liberty that 
I have always admired from afar. 

Having secured my own freedom, I 
, feel an enormous obligation to try to 
prevent the slow murder of Wei Jing- 
sheng. 1 knew that, during his brief 
months of freedom, Mr. Wei rejected a 
government offer to go into exile. 

All he wants is to speak freely and 
safely in bis own country. 

Instead, after Mr. Wei’s 18 years in 
Ch in ese prisons, his health has been 
virtually destroyed. He suffers from 
life-th reatening heart and nervons- 
system ailments . He is kept in solitary 
confinement He is not allowed to write, 
and his reading materials are restricted. 
His only contact with fellow prisoners 
is when they are encouraged to threaten 
or beat him- Indeed be was severely 
beaten last Juiie by prisoners who were 
incited by prison authorities. 

The summit meeting with President 
Jiang offers President Clinton a chance 
to demonstrate that the best American 
ideals remain vital in his policies. 

By demanding the release of Wei 
Jingsheng and all other political pris- 
oners in China, President Clinton 
would be taking real action toward 
encouraging the growth of a free and 
democratic China. 

He should let President Jiang know 
that America won’t trust a government 
that doesn't trust its own people. 

The writer, a graduate student at 
Columbia University, contributed this 
comment to The New York Times. 


U.S. -Japan Guidelines The Duty of Democracies, or Why Hungary Belongs in NATO 


The new guidelines announced last 
week for U.S.-Japanese military co- 
operation strike many Americans as 
less than a big deaL In Japan and other 
ports of Asia, they were greeted as a 
drastic change. In fact, they represent a 
reasonable affirmation and moderni- 
zation of the U.S. presence in Asia and 
Of Japan’s willingness to support that 
presence. 

' The United States has stationed 
troops in Japan since feat nation's 
World War II defeat more than a half- 
century ago. U.S. occupiers imposed a 
“peace constitution” under which Ja- 
pan promised never again to wage war, 
U.S. forces would defend against ex- 
ternal threats. A lot has changed since 
then. The Soviet Union, seen then as fee 
main threat, is gone. Zones of instability 
include North Korea, where hunger and 
economic failure might trigger military 
adventurism, and, potentially, {‘Sima, 
which might threaten Taiwan sometime 
in fee future. Japan itself is now a rich 
country wife a large trade surplus, lead- 
ing many U.S. critics to demand that it 
contribute more to regional security. 
Japan’s 4 ‘Self-Defense Forces’ ' are still 
prohibited from foreign entanglements, 
but fee natron’s military budget is now 
fee world’s thud hugest. 

To adjust to these new realities, the 
two nations began three years ago ne- 
gotiating new rules for military co- 
operation. It wasn't easy. Americans 
want Japan to shoulder a greater burden 
— butne ifeer Japan’s neighbors nor the 


United States really wants to encourage 
a remilitarization of Japan. Most Asian 
nations want a continued U.S Lpresence 
to counterbalance a growing Cuina, but 
their officials for the most part are too 
nervous about Beijing to say so pub- 
licly. South Korea, a fanner Japanese 
colony, greatly feus a renewed Japan 
but very much wants U.S. forces to 
remain in the neighborhood. And Jap- 
anese themselves are deeply divided 
about any steps that might undermine 
their peace constitution. 

Given those conflicting pressures, fee 
new guidelines are impressive enough. 
Japan commits in dozens of new ways 
to support U.S. missions in fee region, 
including by operating minesweepers, 
resupplying UJS. ships and assisting in 
communications, surveillance and in- 
telligence. In times of war, U.S. forces 
would gain unfettered access to Jap- 
anese ports and other facilities. 

The new guidelines shift fee U.S.- 
Japan security mealy from a Cold War 
pact aimed at self-defense to a cooper- 
ative arrangement focused on regional 
security. Mare important than any of its 
details is the renewed U.S. commitment 
to fee area, which will provide stability 
for Southeast Asia, deterrence to North 
Korea and, if necessary, China and an 
atmosphere conducive to trade, prosper- 
ity and democratization. Japan has not 
and should not usurp the U.S. leadership 
role. But it has committed to support 
feat role more than ever before. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


President Bill Clinton has finally 
rallied to defend the federal judiciary 
and his own record of moderate ju- 
dicial nominations against a Repub- 
lican campaign of fear and delay in 
filling dozens of court vacancies. 

“We can’t let partisan politics shut 
down our courts and gut our judicial 
system," Mr. Clinton declared on Sat- 
urday in a radio address feat broke a 
long silence on the subject. “The in- 
timidation, the delay, fee shrill voices 
must stop so fee unbroken legacy of 
our strong, independent judiciary can 
continue for generations to come." 

The constitution gives fee president 
fee power to appoint judges wife fee 
advice and consent of fee Senate. A few 
months ago conservative senators, led 
by Jon Kyi of Arizona and Slade Gorton 
of Washington, proposed procedural 
changes in the confirmation process to 
increase the direct say of fee Republican 
majority in appointments to fee bench. 
These schemes would have stood fee 
appointment power on its head and 
were narrowly rejected by other Re- 
publicans. But fee Senate Judiciary 


publicans. But fee Senate Judiciary 
Committee, beaded by Orrin Hatch, has 
continued to move at a maddeningly 
slow pace on Mr. Clinton’s nominees. 

In the second session of the last Con- 
gress, the Senate refused to confirm any 
nominations for fee Court of Appeals 
and approved only 17 district judges. 
This dismal record could at least be 
explained by election-year politics. Of 


course there is no presidential election 
this year, but the Senate’s record is little 
better. It has confirmed only 18 of 70 
judicial candidates nominated by Mr. 
Clinton. Three await action by fee full 
S enate , three await a vote by fee Ju- 
diciary Committee and fee rest must 
complete hearings. Meanwhile, wife 
nearly 100 of 845 seats on the federal 
bench now unfilled, the backlog of 
cases continues to grow, damaging lit- 
igants and fee quality of justice. 

President Clinton is hardly blame- 
less. He was slow to send up nom- 
inations early in his first term and slow 
again in the early stages of his second 
term. Moreover, his unwillingness to 
fight for strong nominees whose liberal 
inclinations might arouse fee least bit 
of controversy sent a signal of weak- 
ness that undoubtedly emboldened the 
judge- bashers. It might have helped 
had fee president responded immedi- 
ately to all fee loose talk about his 
“activist" judges, especially fee 
bizarre threat by the House majority 
whip, Tom DeLay, to impeach jurists 
whose decisions offend the Republi- 
can right wing. 

The president has now spoken out, 
correctly labeling Republican obstruc- 
tionism “fee worst of partisan pol- 
itics." Bathe will need to maintain the 
pressure if there is to beany significant 
progress in filling vacancies this ses- 
sion and the next. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES 


B UDAPEST — No one ever 
asked anyone in Hungary 
whether the country wished to 
join the Warsaw Pact, fee mil- 
itary union of fee Eastern bloc. 
Yet on May 14, 1955, Hungary 
became a founding member of 
the pact, membership immedi- 
ately becoming one of the most 
incontrovertible requirements 
of the Communist dictatorship. 

One cannot help but remem- 
ber this today, when the question 
is whether Hungary should join 
NATO — or, rather, whether 
member nations of tire North At- 
lantic Treaty Organization will 
accept Hungary's application. 

One cannot forget Imre 
Nagy, the short man wife the 
pince-nez, fee Communist 
prime minister of fee 1956 rev- 
olution who, on Nov. 1 of that 
year, announced Hungary’s 
unilateral withdrawal from fee 
Warsaw Pact and. “wife the 
most profound sense of respon- 
sibility toward the Hungarian 
people and history,” declared 
fee country’s neutrality. 

The response, in fee form of 
Russian armored divisions, 
came in three days. It took that 
long because the Soviet leader 
Nikita Khrushchev had to con- 
vince Marshal Tito of Yugo- 
slavia that the bloody military 
adventure was imperative. 

They conferred on the island 
of Brioni, where, on top of 
everything else, the weather was 
so stormy that planes could 
neither take off nor land. It also 
became dear, during those three 
days, feat none of the Western 
powers could guarantee the neu- 
trality of the small Central Euro- 

finear of another woridwarf 
So much for the declared 
neutrality. Budapest was laid 
waste. An estimated 2,700 


By Peter Nadas 


people were killed in fee fight- 
lag. Several hundred thousand 
people fled across Hungary’s 
western border. In fee follow- 
ing months. 235 freedom fight- 
ers were executed and thou- 
sands were jailed or thrown into 
detention camps. Imre Nagy 
was condemned to death at a 
secret trial, a sentence made 

It wasn’t only in 
Budapest that 
European ideals of 
liberty ceased to 
breathe in 1956. 


public only after the execution 
had been canted out 

I remember standing on the 
street, the newspaper in my 
hand, under fee leaden sky. 

An old story, someone might 
say, if we didn’t carry our past 
wife us — each of us, ail the 
time — and if stories and events 
did not always have an un-‘ 
broken continuity. Bat it is my 
conviction that, at fee time, it 
was not only in desolated Bud- 
apest that European ideals of 
liberty had ceased to breathe for 
a long time to come, but also in 
the rest of Europe. 

We Hungarians waited in 
vain. The Americans did not 
come, nor could our great Euro- 
pean neighbors do anything ex- 
cept take in fee refugees and 
send us Danish cheese and 
Dutch butter. 

It was during those days, and 
while feeling “humiliated by 
this charity,” that Heinrich B6IL 
fee German novelist, wrote fee 
terrifying words, “There is no 


other possibility, after all," 
which, from fee perspective of 
so many years, is a particularly 
noteworthy admission. 

And for me, today, it still 
means what it did then — that 
citizens of the great democracies 
realized, perhaps for fee first 
time, that responsibility fra: the 
fate of democratic communities 


idation, they also sensed that 
ultimately it would be more rea- 
sonable to adjust their principles 
to the realities of their own so-. 
curity and economic policies. 
They failed to reconcile their 
emotions wife their thinking . 

That is how things stood, un- 
questioned for decades. In 1968 
it was fee Czechs, in 1981 the 
Poles, who, in their respective 
struggles fra independence, 
lived through experiences sim- 
ilar to those of Hungaiy. 

In the political, military and 
diplomatic impotence later dis- 
played by the European democ- 
racies during fee war in 
Yugoslavia, fee same pattern 
prevailed. The pattern did not 
permit thercconciliationofemo- 
tions with thoughts, the common 
interest of democracies wife in- 
dividual national interests. 

Yet, it is precisely in critical 
situations that nations ought to 
understand, usingplain common 
sense, feat in the long run the 
lack cf solidarity will cause suf- 
fering not only to fee country feat 
needs feat solidarity, but also to 
the one that, alleg in g pressing 
national concerns, denies it. 

I fed it is important to men- 
tion all this at the moment when 
the American Senate and the par- 
liaments of member nartnna artip 
considering whether to sop ppm 


Political Ripples in Southeast Asia 


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aaaa^MBsesaaaaa 


H ONG KONG — The cur- 
rency crisis in Southeast 
Asia may have peaked, but 
watch fra the political ripples. 
The links between political pat- 
ronage and business are so 
strong in several nations that 
severe private-sector problems 
tend to have political implica- 
tions. The beginning of Ferdin- 
and Marcos's demise can be 
dated from the time when the 
economic system became un- 
able to keep all his business 
cronies afloat. At a less obvious 
level, the intensity of Malaysia’s 
latc-1980s political infighting 
had its roots in the preceding 
economic boom and bust. 

The Thai Parliament’s vote 
last week for sweeping consti- 
tutional changes can be seen as 
one early (and beneficial) 
ripple. Though such ref ram has 
been on the agenda for a long 
time, fee vote was a direct result 
of fee weakness of the current 
Chaovafit administration and 
fee reputation of its predecessor 
for combining incompetence 
wife corruption. 

The changes are against fee 
interest of most government 
ministers. They aim, inter alia, 
to strengthen political parties, 
bring more technocrats into 
government and redace incen- 
tives fra vote-buying and min - 
is renal corruption. 

Much may yet happen to di- 
lute fee changes. Some, any- 
way, are novel and amount to a 
curious hybrid of a partiamen- 
tary system, with a partial sep- 
aration of legislative and ex- 
ecutive authority. But overall 
they will tend to concentrate as 
well as reduce fee commercial 
rewards of political power. 

Otherwise, fee political im- 
pact of economic turmoil on 


By Philip Bo wring 

Thailand may be less than as- 
sumed. Given its muftiparty sys- 
tem and fee influence of pro- 
vincial business interests, it is 
quite different from its neigh- 
bors. Patronage is widely dis- 
persed, and the central govern- 
ment exercises far less influence 
over most business decisions 
than elsewhere. Government 
may often have been incompe- 
tent and venal, but its reach was 
limited. Thus, though individual 
politicans/businessmen have 
done well from fee system, it is 
much harder to find examples of 
certain big groups being con- 
ristendy favored. 

The Thai boom created many 
new rich, and fee cost of fee 
bust will also be quite widely 
dispersed.il is hard to pin blame 
on a small clique. 

In Indonesia, and to a lesser 
degree Malaysia, however, 
much more power has been 
wielded by central authority for 
fee benefit of family members 
or politically well-connected 
groups. Their identities are well 
eno ug h known, and in many, 
cases they control publicly lis- 
ted companies whose operations 
are reasonably transparent 

However, fee finances of in- 
dividuals behind groups that 
have expanded rapidly on fee 
back of patronage are coming 
under closer scrutiny in the af- 
termath of devaluation and the 
prospect of tower economic 
growth. Their position will not 
have been hewed by the recent 
eagerness of foreign banks 
to make huge offshore loans to 
the politically wdl connected or 
to believe in fee more extra- 
vagant myths of the Midas 


touch of overseas Chinese. 

If at this juncture increas- 
ingly scarce resources are going 
to be diverted to help those who 
may be least deserving, fee 
dangers of political backlash 
are correspondingly increased. 

Already Indonesians are talk- 
ing more openly of the impetus 
thru the economic situation 
should give to political change 
in fee run-op to the new pres- 
idential term next year. 

Previously, the issue was 
how to handle eventual political 
change without damaging fee 
economy. Now the question is: 
How much damage is political 
patronage wreaking on fee 
economy? 

In Malaysia, criticism is more 
directed at Mahathir bin Mo- 
hamad’s handling of fee current 
crisis than at the patronage sys- 
tem per se, from which all 
parties and factions within the 
National Front coalition have 
benefited. The currency and 
stock market may yet recover to 
levels that will ratable individu- 
als and groups to weather fee 
storm. There may anyway be 
enough strong companies to bail 
out fee weak. The reckoning is 
probably a year away. 

At fee macroeconomic level, 
Indonesia and Malaysia are in 
better shape than Thailand. But 
let no cme underestimate die 
scale of private-sector losses 
(for foreigners well as locals) 
resulting from fee region’s asset 
market and currency falls. 

The more political patronage 
was the source of profit, fee 
more intense the infighting will 
be over the distribution of 
losses. From that perspective, 
Thailand may be relatively .bet- 
ter placed than is supposed. 

International Herald Tribune. 


NATO's eastward eaqpansion, 
and when fee Hungarian gov- 
ernment is asking voters whether 
fee country should be a member 
of this mditary organization. 

These questions are far from 
mere formalities. The' answers 
will tell us whether democra- 
cies have a common interest at 
all. and how strong fee interests 
of individual nations are in 
opposing it 

Hungary’s neutrality has 
many supporters at home. Ac- 
cording to a Gallup poll, 27 
percent of those asked are 
against NATO membership. 

That surprisingly hi gh num- 
ber may be explained, in part, 
by the fact feat even in the last 
century, a driving force in the 
war against the Austrian im- 
perial house was fee desire for 
military independence. 

It is also possible that not 
everyone who professes to be 
for fee country^ neutrality is 
necessarily neutral about the 
new democracy. 

Be that as it may, reticence, 
biding one’s time and fear of 
active interference on one’s 
own behalf or of perforating in 
fee international arena are deep- 
seated trails in the Hungarian 
mentality. On the other hand, no 
less deeply embedded in that 
mentality are a good sense fra 
political realities, healthy curi- 
osity, inventiveness and a keen 
ability to recognize situations 
far what they are^ 

The answer of 61 percent of 
those polled offers evidence of 
these latter traits. They think 
Hungary should join NATO. 

This is the majority that 
probably has no faith in dec- 
larations of neutrality, and 
| most likely never believed that 
the coercive Warsaw Pact, 
which it was forced to join, was 
anything like the democratic- 
ally supervised North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization. 

Ana perhaps this majority 
does not want to eat any more 
Danish cheese and Dutch butter 
while cowering in air-raid shel- 
ters resounding wife the noise 
of shelling. Most Hungarians 
support joining NATO not be- 
cause they are insanely mili- 
taristic, but because they be- 
lieve in democracy. 

The supporters of neutrality 
are not nearly as united. Based 
on significantly differing plat- 
forms, 13 civil organizations 
and two extra -parlianaeo tary 
parties would lure to block 
Hungary’s entry into NATO. 
Only five of these organizations 
have attracted genuine paci- 
fists, anti-militarists or anar- 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1897: Cyclist Nuisance 

LONDON — At the meeting of 
the City Corporation yesterday 
[Sept, 30], Mr. Deputy Pearse 
Morrison asked if the police au- 
thorities w ere going to take 
steps to deal wife cycling so as 
to prevent the numerous acci- 
dents which were constantly oc- 
curring in the City. Major 
Woodhouse, tiie Assistant 
Commissioner of Police, said 
feat cyclists gave fee greatest 
amount of trouble erf any kind of 
traffic and feat he could not see 
what stem could be taken to 
remedy fee nuisance. A motion 
to refer the subject to fee Police 
Commission was agreed to. 


1522' Liquor Platform 

; the infighting will SYRACUSE, New York — A 
e distribution of pLatftxm calling for the modifi- ' 
s feat perspective, cation of the Volstead Act, so as 
y be relatively bet- to pramit the manufacture and 
an is supposed. sale of beer and light wines, was 

\aL Herald Tribune. adopted by the Democratic State 


Convention here to-day [Sept 
30], after fee party leaders tiki 
buried personal animosity and 
adopted a compromise slate. 
The plank calling far beer and 
wines says feat the Eighteenth 
Amendment has resulted in 
widespread contempt fra fee law 
and a desire to violate tiie code. 

1947; Delhi Flooding 

NEW DELED — The Jumna 
floods, which have swallowed 
100 villages near New Delhi, 
were termed today [Sept 30] 
“an unparalleled calamity” by 

nrissioner. Mr. Randlbawa esti- 
mated that thousands of cattle 
have been swept away and feat 
fee loss of life was “consid- 
erable." There are still hundreds 

of persons stranded in trees ra on 

housetops. Streams of refugees 

poured all day into the city which 

is already staggering under the 
burden of 500,000 refogees from 
communal rioting. 


chists, the traditional adherents 
of military independence or 
political neutrality. The rest of 
them have managed to recruit 

mainly fee f amiliar en emi es 

of democracy: crypto-Commu- 
nists and crypto-fascists. 

Although they can barely 
communicate even among 
themselves, each of these 
groups hopes that before fee 
plebiscite, scheduled for Nov. 
16, it will be able to sway those 
who are still undecided. 

I have felt duty-bound to re- 
late the above in such detail so 
that everyone might see clearly 
whose position in my country is 
strengthened and whose is 
weakened by the arguments, 
pro and con, now taking place in 
.the international arena. 

But even considering a 
worst-case scenario — rejec- 
tion by NATO — I don’t be- 
lieve that fee democracies of 
the Czech Republic, Poland or 
Hungary would be shaken in 

In ike long run, a 
lack of solidarity 
hurts all free 
societies. 

their foundations. They are all 
too strong fra that. 

My own opinion is the spit- 
ting image of that held by Sir 
Ralf Dabrendorf , former direc- 
tor of fee London School of 
Economics, who approves of 
NATO's eastward expansion, 
though he radges this to be only 
fee second-best solution. . 

The best solution would be for 
us to join fee European Union, 
he believes. Bat, Mr. Dahrea- • 
dorf says, “the European Union 
has been an utter failure, and will 
continue to be one, because, re- 
garding their entry in the near 
failure, it still isn’t telling the 
truth to fee East Europeans.'’ 

Thar truth: “Germany and 
France will block their entry," 
he says. 

“And that is why in the 
meantime we must do every- 
thing to protect and nurture fee 
democratic potentials of these 
countries. And Co do that, we 
have no other possibility but to 
enlarge NATO to the east," - .. 

Clear words. My sentiments, 
exactly. . 

The writer, based in Budapest, 
is anovelistcmd the author of A 
Bookcf Memories/' This article, 
contributed to The New York 
Times, was translated from the 
Hungarian by Imre Goldstein. 


<i :■< 


£ i 


l--- 




i 







INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, 'WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


PAGE 9. 


OPINION/LETTERS 


f 


* 


€ 


Get Off the Phone - 
There’s Real Trouble 

By Michael S. Dukakis 


B oston — i get an odd 

sort of flashback when I 
bear about the uproar over the 
vice president’s fund-raising 
phone calls. I can see him 
reaching for die phone, dialing 
the number, making his pitch. 
I can. see it all because I’ve 
done it myself, under roughly 
similar circumstances. 

When I was running for re- 
election as governor of 
Massachusetts in 1986, 1 had 
two phones on my desk. One 
was white — the state phone. 

The other was red — the 
campaign phone, a separate 
line paid* for entirely by ray 
campaign committee. 

Massachusetts had, and still 
has, a law much like die federal 
one that is now in the news, 
prohibiting fund-raising inside 
a state building. Yet 1 made 
hundreds of camp aign calls on 
that red phone, and it never 
dawned on me or anyone else 
that doing so violated the law. 

It's not that I was cavalier 
about fund-raising — that’s 
why I had the separate phone 
.lines. I tried to set a very 
high standard for my 
gubernatorial campaigns 
when it rami* ■ to raising 
money. We took no contri- 
butions from political action 
committees, corporations or 
registered lobbyists involved 
in the fund-raising process. 

But the red phone never 
made my “mi list That’s 
because the Massachusetts 
law was not intended to 
prohibit such things, and 
neither are its federal cousins. 
Both were part of the civil- 


serVice reform movement of 
the late 19th century that was 
intended to end wholesale 
political patronage, create a 
merit system and protect civil 
servants from being forced by 
their superiors or by party 
bosses to contribute to political 
campaigns. A1 Gore was tread- 
ing on none of that territory 
with his fund-raising calls. 

What do his critics expect 
the vice president — or the 
president, who may also have 
made such calls — to do? Go 
across the street to a pay 
phone? And what if the person 
he rails is not in and mils him 
back at the White House? Is it 
a criminal offense for die vice 
president — or, for that matter, 
a member of Congress — 
while at his or her desk to 
accept a call from a political 
supporter or contributor? 

What troubles me about this 
kind of foolishness is that it is 
diverting our attention from 
the things that really need fix- 
ing. It is nor where the phone 
calls are made that is the prob- 
lem — it is the people and 
organizations that candidates 
are going after and the virtually 
unlimited sums of money that 
foe soft-money loophole per- 
mits them to raise. - 

Millions of special-interest 
dollars continue to flow 
into the coffers of both major 
parties and their candidates. 
The soft-money loophole that 
foe Federal Election Commis- 
sion carved into foe post- 
Watergate campaign reform 
legislation has made a mock- 
ery of our efforts to broaden 



foe base of our 
and restore public 
in the political (access. 

Unfortunately, much of 
what is currently passing for a 
congressional investigation of 
foe subject is blatant hypocrisy 

— many of the lawmakers 
sounding so outraged about 
fund-raising phone rails by Mr. 
Gore and President Bill Clin- 
ton are themselves experts at 
taking special-interest money. 

All of it is a smokescreen for 
congressional inaction. The 
House speaker. Newt Gingrich, 
is leading foe way in tins re- 
gard. Two years ago, he and foe 
president told a New Hamp- 
shire audience that reforming 
U.S. campaign-finance' laws 
deserved the highest priority. 
But last week he pronounced 
a major, bipartisan bill on 
campaign- finance reform — 
the McCain-Feingold bill 

— dead before arrival in 


the House of Representatives. 

We know what foe prob- 
lems are: candidates prostitut- 
ing themselves for big special- 
interest contributions, foe soft- 
money loophole — which 
either the Federal Election 
Commission or Congress 
should close immediately — 
campaigns waged almost ex- 
clusively on radio and televi- 
sion, politicians spending too 
much time with fat cals and not 
enough time in backyards and 
living roams recruiting sup- 
porters from the people who 
ought to count in this country. 

Then there’s the most 
important problem of all: foe 
profound effect all this is 
having on voter turnout and 
foe willingness of ordinary 
citizens to get deeply and ac- 
tively involved in public life. 

The solution is painfully 
simple. Either we decide that 
public financing is the way 


to go — something that is a 
long' way from commanding 
a congressional majority — 
or we get behind the McCain- 
Feingold bill and, to foe 
maximum extent possible, 
limit foe ability of candidates 
to raise large amounts of 
special-interest money. 

In short, we don’t need any 
more educating about what tire 
problems are. Nor do we need 
distracting sideshows or pre- 
emptory blocking maneuvers 
from foe speaker's office. 

We need congressional ac- 
tion, and we need it now. 


The writer, who *wxs gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts for 
three terms and the Democrat- 
ic nominee for president in 
1988, is a professor of polit- 
ical science at Northeastern 
University in Boston. He con- 
tributed this comment to The 
New York Times. 


Why Anne Frank’s Diary 
Is a Book About Hate 


By Richard Cohen 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


\; 


Don’t Abandon Bosnia 

Regarding “Work Out a Partition, 
Then Stand Aside” ( Opinion . Sept. 27) 
by A.M. Rosenthal ; 

Mr. Rosenthal’s argument resembles 
that of the ethnic nationalists who wish to 
continue a war to establish “racially 
pure” ministates in the former 
Yugoslavia. The nationalists are blaming 
NATO allies for having stood by while 
the slaughter of civilians took place, and 


are demanding their withdrawal. 

It is cynical and ignorant to associate 
all Bosnians with foe views of militant 
nationalists who have been allowed to 
exclude others from the political pro- 
cess, and it would be wrong to abandon 
Bosnia before democracy and civil so- 
ciety have had a chance to exist 

5. DIZDAREVJC and A. RHODES. 

Vienna. 

Mr. Dizdarevic is president of the 
Helsinki Committee for Human Rights 


of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Mr. Rhodes 
is executive director of the International 
Helsinki Federation for Human Rights. 

An Endangered Art Market 

Regarding “The Flight of the Euro- 
pean Heritage” {Leisure. Sept. 13): 

The British Antique Dealers’ Asso- 
ciation has long warned of the inevitable 
damage foot the S percent import duty 


imposed by foe EU will inflict on foe 
European art trade. Pushing collectors 
out of Europe will not stop them col- 
lecting. It wUi however, kill foe trade in 
Europe to die certain benefit of the less 
restrictive U.S. market In foe process, 
thousands of European jobs will be lost 
ANTONY PRESTON. 

Loudon. 

The writer is chairman of the British 
Antique Dealers’ Association. 


W ASHINGTON — What are your 
favorite columns? When I am 
asked this. I reply that they are not the 
ones that make people wiser or make me 
look wiser, but the ones in which reader 
after reader exclaims an exultant 
“Yes!” because, somehow, I have 
liberated a thought they already had — 
put into words something they already 
felt but had not articulated. It ’ 
rarely, but it is so sweet when it 
Cynthia Ozick has done precisely that 
for me. Writing this week in The New 

MEANWHILE 

Yorker, the novelis t-cum-essayist said 
of Anne Frank and her famous diary 
what I have felt for so long: This is not 
an optimistic document about love and 
forgiveness, but a deeply pessimistic 
tome about hate and its consequences. 

What’s more, while foe diary may 
have a universal message, the fact re- 
mains that Anne died because she whs 
Jewish. As for her killers, they woe not 
some vague evil force, but Germans 
doing what they were ordered or what 
they chose. For Anne, that distinction — 
later the subject of countless papers and 
books — mattered not at alL 
The diary’s most famous line is 
probably, “In spite of everything I 
still believe that people are really good 
at heart.” It gets quoted often, and 
it somehow makes Anne's offstage 
death not the murder it- was, but an 
operatic closing of the eyes, an angelic 
expiration without pain or degradation. 

In reality, Anne was shipped from her 
family’s hiding place to Westerbork, 
a transit camp, and from there to 
Auschwitz, where she arrived Sept. 6, 
1944. That same night. Ms. Ozick told 
us, 549 people were gassed, ‘ ‘including 
one from the Frank group and every 
child under 15.” With the approach of 
the Soviet Army from foe east, Anne 
and her sister, Margot, were moved to 
Bergen-Belsen, a concentration camp. 

“Margot was foe fust to succumb,” 
Ms. Ozick wrote. “A survivor recalled 
that she fell dead to the ground from 
the wooden slab on which she lay, eaten 
by lice, and that Anne, heartbroken 
and skeletal, naked under a bit of rag, 
died a day or two later.” 

This cannot be & happy, optimistic 
story, and yet it has become one. Its 
message is supposedly hope, those 
celebrated lines about goodness. 

The chief perpetrator of that inven- 
tion was Anne’s father, Otto Frank, 
who was so diligent in his myth-making 
that be even answered foe letters of 
a California woman named Cara 
Wilson, who likened her alienated. 


suffocating but totally safe American 
upbriuging to Anne’s. 

“I was miserable being me 
Dad's whole life was a series of meet- 
ings," wrote Ms. Wilson. Such mind:. 
numb ing banalities followed one after- 
another and to each, it seems, Mr. Frank , 
responded. He never accused Ms- 
Wilson of trivializing his daughter’s life- 
nor, if you will, her death. 

Mr. Frank presided over an odd trans- 
mutation: He helped turn tragedy into, 
kitsch, doing for his daughter what" 

many years later the press in general did 

for Diana. Princess of Wales. 

Ms. Ozick said that Mr. Frank had' 
help — much talented help* as it thins, 
out- Some of foe best minds on Broad- 
way and in Hollywood turned foe diary, 
first into a play and then into a movie,, 
always honoring the unwritten rule of_ 
American entertainment that foe audi- 
ence must not be too discomforted by. 
truth. Some objected, but yon can un- 
derstand. A lot of money was at stake. . 

The fight over Anne Frank and her, 
diary mi ght seem, as Ms. Ozick herself' 
acknowledged, an obscure, esoteric mat->. 
ter, dusty with history and fusty with, 
arcane disputes. But it has an importance 
that Ms. Ozick, for one, recognized. She , 
cited Bruno Bettelheim, who survived 
two concentration camps: “If all men are, 
good, there never was an Auschwitz.” 

Ah, but there was. And a Cambodia, a 
Rwanda, a Bosnia and, not all that long • 

To treat her story as a 
sweet fable is to turn a 
soul-blackening crime 
into a stage killing in 
which the victim and the 
perpetrator take a bow. 


ago here in the United States, lynchings 
of African-Americans. 

Anne Frank would have been 68 by 
now and, as Ms. Ozick maintained, a 
great and acclaimed writer. We argue still 
about her because we argue always about 
who we are and of what we are capable. 

Anne Frank knew the answer, and to 
treat her story as some sort of sweet fable 
is, as Ms. Ozick said much better than I, 
to sicken truth, to make a simpleton out 
of a genius and to turn an immense soul- 
blackening crime into a stage killing in 
which foe victim and the perpetrator 
take a bow at die end of the evening. Ms* 
Ozick, in the audience, will not applaud 
— and the sound is deafening. 

The Washington Post 


BOOKS 


SPACE IS THE PLACE: 
The Lives and Times of 
Sun Ra 

By John F. Szwed. 476 pages. 
$29.95. Pantheon. 

Reviewed by 
Robert G. O’Mealy 

T HOSE coming of age in 
the 1960s may well recall 
. witnessing — on campus or in 
. a local club or on a festival 
stage — the musical spectacle 
called Sun Ra and His 
Arkestra. The story of the ex- 
perimental jazz composer, 
keyboardist and band leader 
Sun Ra (bom, in 1914, Her- 
man P. Blount — 4 ‘Sonny” to 
his friends) is told with bril- 
liance and grace by foe Yale 
anthropologist John Szwed in 
this deeply simpatico new bi- 
ography. 

By foe late ’60s, Sun Ra 
took over performance spaces 
in maltimedia blitzes that 
made foe era’s much-publi- 
cized ‘.‘happenings” shrivel 
' • and wilt by comparison. The 
Arkestra, so named for its 
function as a ship of spiritual 
rescue, came on playing and 
chanting, “Space Is foe 
Place,” the group’s theme 
piece that gives tills book its 
title, while force or four dan- 
cers turned, dipped and moon- 


walked in futuristic chorus- 
line angles. Movies of foe band 
flitted along with strobe lights 
on the walls behind Sun Ra 
himself, berobed and wearing 
dazzling headgear in the shape 
of a miniature solar system. 
Smiling faintly, he indeed 
with his back to a little (but 
load) electric 1 piano, which 
sounded off as he swooped 
across its keys with foe backs 
of his hands and fingers. 

Sod Ra was in foe bouse. 1 
At the climax of these 
“cosmo dramas,” reports 
Szwed, “the Arkestra would 
circle about the stage, making 
eye contact with foe audience, 
talking to them, maybe sur- 
rounding one unlucky person, 
the boros howling all foe 
while, as Sun Ra shouted in 
his or her face, ‘If you 're will- 
ing to give up your life for 
your couotty , will you give up 
your death for me?’ One such 
initiate recalls that at foe peak 
of foe experience “foe entire 
audience was in tears. ... I 
was hopelessly mortified — 
but I will never forget foe look 
Sun Ra gave me that told me it 
just didn’t matter. Transcend. 
I couldn’t quite then, not in 
chose circumstances, but the 
concept was planted and I 
have never heard music the 
same way since.”’ 


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Sun Ra’s invocation to 
transcend, like a preacher's 
invitation to convert, indicat- 
ed this artist's special sense of 
his role on Earth. His mission 
was not merely to entertain 
but to create ritnal encounters 
celebrating a set of values that 
at once looked back to ancient 
Egypt for prophetic signs and 
forward to foe Space Age and 
in tergal actic travel. Those 
wandering into a Sun Ra 
“concert” like someone 
stopping by a gospel tent 
meeting just to check out the 
music, found themselves in a 
charged setting where perfor- 
mance was rituaL 

The achievement of this bi- 
ography is that it carefully 
articu&tes such views of life 
and ait it foe same time that it 
provides hard data and anal- 
ysis to locate Sun Ra’s the- 
ories in historical cootexL For ' 
example, Sun Ra always in- 
sisted he was a visitor from 
Saturn, an emissary from foe 
Creator whose job on Earth 
was to demonstrate, through 
music, a better way of living. 

Without deflating Sun Ra's 
accounts — for these were foe 
terms upon which he built his 
life’s work — Szwed makes 
clear that this type of life his- 
tory was not utterly unique. 
“In another age," he writes, 
“it might be called a vision- 
ary tale, a story ... of a benign 
encounter with an angel or 
some otherworldly beings. 
Bur now we see it as a classic 
UFO- abduction story, from 
the beam of light which trans- 
ported him, to the power and 
wisdom offered him, to foe 
curtain or veil through which 
he passes.” 

Moving to Chicago and 
then to New York and Oak- 
land. California, Sun Ra 
played in many kinds of set- 
tings — from Fletcher Hen- 
derson’s great swing band 
(where for a period be took 


over as pianist) to early 
rhythm-and-blues combos 
and bands of his own. He 
played for dances, churches, 
cabaret shows, comedy clubs, 
stripteases, weddings, hospit- 
als, radio programs, movies 
and eventually concert halls 
and festivals, finally con- 
structing his cosmo dramas. 

On May 30, 1993, “toward 
whatever destiny,” says 
Szwed, Sun Ra “left the plan- 
et" Whai remains, aside from 
some faded space costumes, is 
the recorded music itself — 
much of it taped and released 
on LP by Sun Ra’s company 
and now, at last available on a 
thick row of new CDs. 

In this music one hears Sun 
Ra the sensitive bebop and 
blues-oriented player noodle 
on piano, organ and synthes- 
izer, Ra the student of El- 
lingtonian tone poems and 
mood pieces; Ra the modern- 
ist experimenter with strange- 
ly placed cadences and si- 
lences: Ra foe one-time Hen- 
derson sideman, doing a big- 
band dance number in foe tra- 
dition of foe 1930s. 

D ON’T do just foe pos- 
sible, Ra told one 
Arkestra singer. “The possi- 
ble has been tried and failed; 
now I want to try foe im- 
possible.” Under his tutelage, 
musicians stretched and grew. 
Artists in other media — no- 
tably writers like Amiri 
Baraka, I&hmael Reed and 
Toni Morrison — were 
pressed toward science fic- 
tion, seriocomic experiment- 
alism, high comedy and ma- 
gic realism. And audiences, 
then and now, are urged to 
transcend: Space is foe place. 

Robert C. O' Mealy, editor 
of the forthcoming “The Jan 
Cadence of American Cul- 
ture,” wrote this for The 
Washington Post. 


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utuxuiwuiRi 


Netanyahu Won’t Change Policy 


The Associated Press 

JERUSALEM — Only a 
day after Israel agreed to con- 
sider delaying the construc- 
tion of Jewish settlements in 
Arab areas. Prime Minister 


Benjamin Netanyahu again 
said Tuesday that cons true- 


said Tuesday that construc- 
tion would continue to ac- 
commodate “natural” pop- 
ulation growth. 

The Palestinians, mean- 
while, said peace talks could 
not resume unless Israel 
stopped all building in the 
settlements. 

“This is the bottom line as 
far as all Palestinians are con- 
cerned,** said Han an Ash- ■ 
rawi, a minister in the Pal- 
estinian cabinet. 

The tough words cast 
donbt on whether Israel and 
the Palestinians can emerge 
from their deep crisis. A U.S.- 
brokered agreement reached 
Monday cm the resumption of 
talks simply deferred sticky 
issues, such as settlement 
construction, leaving funda- 
mental disagreements be- 
tween the two sides. 

Under the agreement 
reached in New York on Mon- 
day, Israeli and Palestinian ne- 
gotiators will meet in a week 
to discuss the implementation 
of outstanding issues in the 
interim peace accords, such as 
(he opening of a Palestinian 


air port and of a safe passage 
between the West Bank and 
the Gaza Strip. 

Asked whether Israel was 
ready to suspend construc- 
tion during the negotiations, 
as requested by the United 
States, Mr. Netanyahu said: 
'‘There is an agreement to 
discuss the concept of the 
'time-out,* and each side will 
submit its ideas-' ’ 

But he added: * ‘Yon know 
we are building in the set- 
tlements, and making natural 
growth of the settlements 
possible, and I don’ t intend to 
change our policy.” 

The U.S. secretary of state, 
Madeleine Allnight, said last 
week that it was "very im- 
portant” there be “a time- 
out on actions that make it 
more difficult to have suc- 
cessful negotiations.” 

Mr. Netanyahu said that be 
was wilting to press ahead 
with the peace negotiations 
but that the Palestinians roust 
first prove that they arc com- 
mitted to crushing Islamic 
militant groups responsible 
for more than a dozen suicide 
bombings in Israel since 


don't right terrorism, there 
will not be progress.” 

Yasser Arafat's security 
forces have arrested dozens 
of suspected activists of 
Hamas and other militant Is- 
lamic groups in the past week 
after Israel delivered proof 
that two Jerusalem suicide 
bombings, on July 30 and 
SepL 4, were carried Out by 
Palestinians from the West 
Bank. The blasts killed 20 
Israelis and five assailants. 

A Palestinian security of- 
ficial said Tuesday that the 
police arrested eight Hamas 
activists in RamaUah on the 
West Bank, including mem- 
bers of the group's military 
wing, the Qassam Brigades. 

In another meeting set for 
mid-October in the United 
States, the two sides are to 
discuss settlement construc- 
tion and Israel’s long -over- 
due troop withdrawal from 
large areas of the West Bank. 
Also on the agenda is a start- 
ing for talks on a per- 


Camp David in which Israel 
and Egypt hammered out 
their peace treaty. 

“In the aid, we mil go to 
Camp David, go into seclu- 
sion for a week, or two or 
three, and reach an agree- 
ment,” he said in the inter- 
view. “Peace will come out in 
the end. The two of us know 
there is no other option.” 

He added. “I? anybody 
can attain such an arrange- 
ment with Arafat, it’s me/’ 

But the Palestinians con- 
tend Mr. Netanyahu’s insist- 
ence on pressing ahead to fi- 
nal : status negotiations is a 


militant groups responsible 
for more than a dozen suicide 
bombings in Israel since 
1994. 

“This entire process is 
linked to their fighting ter- 
rorism,” Mr. Netanyahu 
said. “If they fight terrorism, 
there will be progress. If they 


manent peace agreement 
Mr. Netanyahu said in an 
interview published Tuesday 
in the newspaper Yediot 
Ahronot that he hoped the 
negotiators could go into se- 
clusion during final-status 
talks until a deal was reached. 
That approach was used, in 
the 1978 negotiations at 


hand over large parts of the 
West Bank by nub- 1998. 

Skipping the troop with- 
drawal “is entirely unaccept- 
able,” Miss Ashrawi said. 

“The redeployment,” she 
added, “is essential to create 
the conditions for the final- 
status talks and restore con- 
fidence in the process.” 

But the Israeli foreign 
minister. David Levy, sug- 
gested Tuesday that the Pal- 
estinians had agreed to delay 







KnvUMni 

STACKING ARMS FOR DESTRUCTION — A crane moving automatic weapons at a Melbour 
yard, where they were to be melted down. Tuesday was the last day to turn in the illegal arms for; 


the pullback. 

‘There is ai 


‘There is an agreement that 
we will discuss this issue to 
agree chi a date,” he said. “The 
date will be set daring the ne- 
gotiations with die Palestin- 
ians. and they know that." 


Shifting Sands of Caste in - 




By Kenneth J. Cooper 

Washington Post Service 


Blair Appeals for ‘Radical Reform 9 


By Dan Balz 

Washington Post Serice 


proach to governing. “It must be acorn- 
passionate society,” be said. “But it is 


BRIGHTON, England — Prime Min- 
ister Tony Blair exhorted the British 
people on Tuesday to face up to die 
difficult decisions required to reform the 
welfare state, stabilize the economy and 
improve their education system, as he 
sketched out an agenda he said would 
make Britain a model of excellence and 
“a beacon to the world*’ in the next 
century. 

Mr. Blair's speech to the Labour 
Party conference marked the first time 
in two decades that the once -moribund 
party has met while in control of the 
British government, and the prime min- 
ister’s speech was aimed at part in prod- 
ding his party to continue the reforms 
that made their landslide victory pos- 
sible last May. 

But he said the task of reforming the 
party was only die prelude to mod- 


compassion with a hard edge.” 
The prime minister said Britair 


The prime minister said Britain cannot 
become a model for the world in the next 
century “with a welfare state built for tbe 
very different world” of the past when it 
was constructed here. He repeatedly 
talked about choices and tradeoffs, the 
hatanring of “opportunity” and “re- 
sponsibility,” phrases common to the 
rhetoric of President Bill Clinton. 

Calling for an economy of “enter- 


prise and ambition,” Mr. Blair called 
tor peace, not warfare, between the un- 


for peace, not warfare, between tbe un- 
ions that once dominated his party and 
the major businesses of the country. 

“I say to both sides of industry, there 
is no place today for militant trade uni- 
onism or uncaring management." he 
said. “Partnership is the key. That is the 
only language this New Labour gov- 
ernment will respect.” 

The prime minister devoted on a 


emizing die country through political, - small part of his speech to economic 


economic and social reforms. His am- 
bition, he said, was to preside over “one 
of die great radical reforming govern- 
ments” in tbe history of the country. 

“Today I say to the British people, 
the chains of mediocrity have broken, 
the tired days are behind us, we are free 
to excel once more,” Mr. Blair told 
Labour Party delegates, who gave him a 
four-minute standing ovation when be 
concluded. “We are free to build that 


policy. On Monday, the chancellor of 
the Exchequer, Gordon Brown, outlined 
the government's policy as one com- 
mitment to die old values of the Labour 
Party but geared to avoid “boom and 
bust” cycles of tbe past He pledged a 
commitment to “full employment op- 
portunity,” but warned that the days of 
pump-priming and inflated wage con- 
tracts were a thing of the past and de- 
fended the government’s decision to 


model 21st-century nation to become * give the Bank of England the power to 


of his critics say he will not be able to 
keep his promises, particularly on the 
health service, unless he finds more 
money in the future. On Tuesday, Mr. 
Blair sought to reassure the doubters. 

He restated bis commitment to spend 
more than the previous government on 
education and said the country must 
reverse a system that was “content to 
educate the elite and ignore education 
for all.” 

Mr. Blair also sought to bead off 
opposition within his party to the gov- 
ernment's plan to impose tuition on 
college students by promising to open 
up colleges and universities to more 
students in die future and make finance 
tag available to those most in need. 

He renewed his pledges to protect and 
improve the National Health service and 
to reform the welfare system along die 
lines already undertaken in the United 
States, with a program encouraging 
work over dependency . He defended his 
“zero tolerance on crime” program, 
which some critics on die left say 
threatens civil liberties. 

On foreign affairs, Mr. Blair said he 
hoped to make this once-ixnperial power 
“pivotal, a world leader” and a dom- 
inant force in Europe. But on die most 
difficult issue facing him in that arena, 
whether and when Britain will join 
Europe’s single currency scheduled to 
begin in 1999, He offered only a hint of 
where be is beading. 


LUCKNOW, India — Perhaps noth- 
ing better illustrates tbe role drat caste 
plays in the politics of the world's 
largest democracy than recent devel- 
opments here in Uttar Pradesh, India’s 
most populous state. 

Across much of India, the decline of 
the once dominant Congress (I) Party has 

heetri prcam p/miml by me rise of regional 
parties asserting the interests of different 
castes, particularly ones at tbe bottom of 
the traditional Hindu hierarchy and 
largely outside tbe mainstream. 

Hoe in Uttar Pradesh, voting in last 
year’s state legislative election was so 
divided along caste lines that no party 
emerged with a majority, leaving the 
state undo- direct rule from New Delhi 
while the parties wrangled over the 
shape of a coalition government. 

The solution to the stalemate was a 
shaky alliance between parties represent- 
ing opposite ends of the caste division. 

The Bharatiya Janata Party, which 
has strong support among upper castes, 
and the Bahujan Samaj Party, which 
champions the outcasts groups formerly 
known as untouchables, agreed to share 
control of the state on a rotating basis. 

The unusual compromise is signif- 
icant because this northern state, where 
ISO minion of India’s 9S0 million, people 
live, is apolitical bellwether. As the state 
that sends the most members to Par- 
liament, Uttar Pradesh once served as the 

base of the Congress Party and produced 

p rimp, minis ters — including J&waharial 
Nehru gnri Indira Gandhi, his daughter 
— intent on unifying a diverse India. 

But as the coalition built by Nehru 


that beacon to the world.” 

Mr. Blair called on Britain to become 
a giving and compassionate nation, in 
words reminiscent of former President 
John Kennedy of the United States. But 
he used a phrase that offered an insight 
into the young prime minister’s ap- 


raise interest rates. 

Mr. Blair’s government is attempting 
to redirect domestic spending to shift 
more to education and the National 
Health Service while holding itself to the 
overall spending targets set by the pre- 
vious Conservative government Many 


W *"Wccani«rtibape Emope adless we GeOrge COOlt, 
matter in Europe,’ Mr. Blair said. “I " } 

know there will be a hard choice to come A1 J nc ,i. TtM - • 
over a single currency. And our policy, vf 1O.0SL iTl STl 111 
based on British national interest, re- 
mains unchanged. Bat in or out we will 17.-__-l_.__J IT* _ 
be affected by it and we must remain Mlglflll fl. 10S 
able to influence the way it works.” t/ 7 



The Associated Press 

England’s oldest man, George Cook, 
108, who gave up smoking when he was 
97. fought in World War I and lived 
through the reigns of four kings and two 
queens, died Saturday at anureing home 
in Surrey, southwest of London. 

“He was a true gentleman and was 
over the moon when it was announced 
that he was England's oldest man; it 
really made his day,” the home’s mat- 
ron, Jean Painter, said Monday. 

Mr. Cook was bom June 17, 1889, a 
decade before the start of the Boer War 
in southern Africa. In World War I, he 
fought in the battles of Ypres and tbe 
Somme, where be was wounded twice 
and won a bravery award. 

The Guinness Book of Records said 
this summer that Mr. Cook was tbe 


oldest roan in Britain until record keep- 
ers learned that David Henderson, who 
lives in Laurencekirk, Scotland, was 
three days older. 

Mr. Cook was then listed as the oldest 
man in England. 


Ae*cc France -Acne 

LAST VOYAGE HOME — The P&O cruise liner Canberra, now outdated, sailing through fire boat plumes 
at Southampton. England, on Tuesday in the ship's last voyage to home port after 36 years ha service. 


The U.S. Return to Sudan: Not So Fast 


Munir Bashir, 67, 
Iraqi Musician 


By Thomas W. Lippman 

Pint Sen-ti e 


WASHINGTON — An embarrassed 
State Department has backed off from 
its announcement last week that U.S. 
diplomats will soon be returning to the 
U.S. Embassy in Khartoum. Sudan. 

Issuing a rare retraction, the depart- 
ment said no decision about restaffing 
the embassy had been made. 

Last week, a Stale Department 
spokesman. James Rubin, confirmed a 
Washington Post article that officials 
had approved the move. Deputy As- 
sistant Secretary of Slate Gare Smith 
defended the decision at a Senate sub- 
committee hearing, and Ambassador 
Timothy Camey confirmed it in an in- 
terview with The New York Times over 
the weekend. 

“We got ahead of ourseNes," a se- 
nior State Department official said. 

Another official said, “The new 
policy guidance hadn’t been issued 
when Smith testified.” 

As for Mr. Camey, he added, “Tim 
was reading from the old guidance.” 


State Department officials depicted the 
episode as an honest mistake, arising 
from the department’s belief that an 
administration review of Sudan policy 
had authorized sending U.S. diplomats 
back to Khartoum, from which they 
were withdrawn for security reasons in 
January 1996. 

But other administration officials and 
some congressional staff aides who fol- 
low Sudan policy attributed the pre- 
mature announcement to a disagree- 
ment within the foreign policy 


apparatus about how to deal with Sudan. 
The State Department has advocated 
engaging with, rather than ostracizing, 
Sudan's militant Islamic regime. 

Ted Dagne, Congressional Research 
Service analyst, recently described the 
dispute as a “petty turf conflict," in 
which “the stated pol icy objectives of the 
president of the United States have been 
deliberately misinterpreted by mid-level 
officials at the Stale Department.” 

On Sept. 23, a State Department pub- 
lic affairs officer said that eight mid- 
level U.S. diplomats would soon go 
back to Khartoum as pan of an effort to 


increase pressure on the regime. 

Representatives Donald Payne, Dem- 
ocrat of New Jersey, and Frank Wolf, 
Republican of "Virginia, wrote in sep- 
arate tetters to President Bill Clinton 
that they were “extremely disappoint- 
ed” by the decision. 

‘ ‘Why are we rewarding the National 
Islamic Front government by reopening 
the embassy without any tangible ev- 
idence of reform?” Mr. Payne wrote. 
“The NIF government continues its war 
policy in southern Sudan, condones 
slavery, targets innocent civilians and 
supports terrorism.” 

But not only members of Congress 
were taken by surprise. At the National 
Security Council in the White House, 
officials said the State Department an- 
nouncement was at best premature, s. 

On Monday, the State Department 
issued a new statement, dated Friday, 
saying. “We have made no decision at 
this lime about possible re-staffing of 
the embassy.” 

The original announcement, one of- 
ficial said, should have been stated in 
the conditional tense. 


The Associated Press 

Munir Bashir, 67, an Iraqi musician 
who used the ood, a pear-shaped 
stringed instrument, to promote Arabic 
music worldwide, died Monday in 
Budapest after heart attack, according to 
tiie official Iraqi press agency, IN A. 

Mr. Bashir was Iraq's top music of- 
ficial for 16 years until he retired in 1993 
as director-general of musical affairs at 
Iraq's Culture Ministry. 

Known as the “emir of the oud," he 
promoted Arabic music as part of Iraq’s 
education system and established a bal- 
let and music school for children. He 
also set up the Iraqi Institute of Melody 
Studies for teenagers. 

Mr. Bashir's father was a famous 
oudist from Mosul in northern Iraq. 
Long used as an accompanying instru- 
ment for singers, the oud waselevated to ' 
the starus of a solo instrument by Mr. 
Bashir, who performed before audi- 
ences in several national capitals. 

Experimenting with the six-string in- 
strument. he added six more strings to 
his oud. 

Mr. Bashir spent his last years of his 
life in Budapest with his wife, Agnes, a 
Hungarian who is a pianist and mu- 
sician. 


and G andhi , which reached across caste 
and communal fines, has fallen apart, 
die collapse is most apparent here. 

Mayawati, the Bahujan Samaj Party 
leader who was born into an outcaste 
group, served the first six-month term as 
chief minister. She was replaced SepL 
21 by die Bharatiya Janata Parry’s 
Kalyan Singh, who will serve the next 
six months. The parties have agreed to 
fpnrntnin their alliance for only a year. 

Miss Mayawati, who uses only one 
name , bad served as chief minist er for 
four months in 1995 at the head of a 
minority government before the Bhar- 
atiya Janata Party withdrew support be- 
cause of her provocative condemnations 
of upper-caste Hindus; she is a Hindu 
convert to Buddhism. This time, given a 
six-month lease on power. Miss May- 
awati toned down her rhetoric but 
stepped up her pace to help the dalits — 
a Hindi word m anning “downtrodden” 
or “oppressed” that has replaced “un- 
touchable.” 

Miss Mayawati poshed money for 
roads, water pumps and electrification 
to villages where dalits make up at least 
30 percent of tbe population. She trans- 
ferred upper-caste bureaucrats out of top 
positions in die government and police 
forces, replacing them with dalits. She 
returned farmland illegally occupied by 
upper and middle castes to dalits. 

“I've finished six years’ work in six 
months,” site asserted in an interview. 
“There’s very little left for the Bhar- 
atiya Janata Party to do.' ' 

In the past, dalits often shied from 
reporting assaults by upper-caste neigh- 
bors or landdisputes with them because 
many upper-caste police officers ig- 
nored then complaints, allowing upper- 


caste landlords to terrorize them. 

But dalits are now going to local 
stations ran by dal it police chiefs. The 
man whom Miss Mayawati made the top 
bureaucrat in the Himalayan foothills 
said he gave priority to dalit applications 
for gun permits. Before he arrived in 
June, Kannaiyalal Manikchand Sant 
said dalits held less than 2 percent of the 
gun permits issued by his locality, bat 
they received more than 80 percent of 
those he issued in two months. 


*' 




Mi *-*'-'**“ 




Having a weapon, they can protect ‘ j 
oselves, their land and their wom- 


themselves, their land and their wom- 
en,” Mr. Sant said. “I believe conflict 
occurs between unequals. Balance of 
power neutralizes war.” 

Miss Mayawati’s assertion of dalit 
rights has. predictably, created a back- 
lash from the higher castes. They have 
accused her of ignoring men? in trans- 
ferring bureaucrats and of favoring dalits 
in criminal cases. Much of the criticism 
has come from members of “back- 
ward” castes who, though they rank 
only one notch above dalits in the tra- 
ditional Hindu hierarchy, have different 
interests because many own. land. 

Mr. Singh, the new chief minister, has 
already transferred some cf the dalit 
bureaucrats whom Miss Mayawati pro- 
moted. He has also shuffled the port- 
folios of herparty members hekeptinhis 
cabinet. But m a bid to expand the Bhar- 
atiya Janata Party’s base, he has prom- 
ised to continue and eveajexpand the 
development programs she accelerated. ' 

Miss Mayawati has additional lever- 
age because Mr. Singh's government 
depends on her party for support. “We'll 
keep a watch so that nobody harms the 
weaker sections* interests and the work 
doesn't come to a stop.” she said. 




,. w r 






• ■. -,i ^ 


ic out pium- ■ ' 

esss£- f 0i: 


hi i tt i 




BRIEFLY 


Shells Hit Kinshasa 
For2dDayina Row 


KINSHASA, Congo — Shells 
fired from tiie capital of the Congo 
Republic, Brazzaville, landed in Kin- 
shasa again Tuesday as die framer 
Zaire held a national day of mourning 
for 17 peoris killed the previous day, 

Witnes*|s said tbe shells that 
landed Tuesday had destroyed some 
bouses in the capital. 

Kinshasha rarw iintlff fire durin g a 
second day of heavy artillery ex- 
changes in Brazzaville between sup- 
porters of President Pascal Lissouba 
and bis predecessor, Denis Sassou- 
Nguesso. Laurent Kabila, tbe president 
of Congo, cut short a visit to Zam bia 
and returned borne to hold an emer- 
gency cabinet meeting. (Reuters) 


dictator General Augusta Pinochet's 
plan to become a senator for fife. 

The presidents of the Christian 
Democratic Party, the Socialist Patty 
of Chile and the Democracy Party 
said they would ask legislators to 
push for a constitutional change. 

Under the Constitution drafted dur- 
ing General Pinochet's 1973-1990 re- 
gime, former presidents have a right 
to occupy a seat in the Senate until 
they die. General Pinochet, 81, said 
last week that he would become a 
senator when he retires as army com- 
mander next year. 

The head of the Christian Demo- 
cratic party, Enrique Krauss, said it 
would be an “aberration “for Mr. 
Pinochet, with his political record, to 
have the chance to join “the core of 
democracy, the Congress. ' '{Reuters) 





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. ^ **-.r 'ft&m-'T 

. ■ Sit:- ^ 

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Turks Put Kurds 9 Toll 
In Iraq at 342 Dead 


Peru Set to Abolish 
Its ‘Faceless 9 Courts 


ANKARA — Turkish troops and 
their Iraqi Kurdish allies have killed 
342 separatist Turkish Kurds in a 
week of military operations inside 
Iraqi territory, the state-run Anatolian 
News Agency said Tuesday. 

There was no information on cas- 
ualties on tiie Turkish side. (AFP) 


3 Governing Parties 
Aim to Bar Pinochet 


SANTIAGO — The main political 
parties in Chile's center-left governing 
coalition say they will try to foil framer 


LIMA — Peru has said it will soon 
abolish its “faceless” courts that have 
imprisoned thousands of leftist guer- 
rillas but also put hundreds of in- 
nocents behind bars. 

President Alberto Fujimori set up 
the courts, in which judges wear 
hoods or bide behind screens to try 
guerrilla suspects, in 1992 toprotect 
judges from reprisals. But with ac- 
tivity by tbe Maoist Shining Path and 
Marxist Tupac Amaru Revolutionary 
Movement greatly reduced since 
then, the state has decided to forgo 
this legal weapon. 

Justice Minister Alfredo Quispe 
Correa said the government would 


• ip*? 

.i> a M 

Ill 


Correa said the government would 
not ask Congress to. extend the ex- 
istence of the courts’ when their au- 
thorization expires Oct. I5.fjtmlers) 


Diana’s Driver Was Alcoholic, Lab Finds 




j t^5- 

V '..fib ft 










Reuters 

PARIS — New laboratory analyses 
have found that Henri Paul, the Ritz 
Hotel security official who was driving 
the limousine in which Diana, Princess 
of Wales, died, was an alcoholic, 
sources close to (he investigation said 
Tuesday.' 

The new tests show he had suffered 
from “moderate alcoholism’ ’ for an un- 
determined period, the sources said. 

A series of earlier tests had detected 
an illegal level of alcohol in the chauf- 
feur's blood and eyeball fluid along wiih 
traces of the prescription drags Prozac 
and Tiapride. both of whose instructions 
for use advise caution in driving. 


The new tests found that Mr. Paul had 
been taking the anti-depressant Prozac 
for about four months and Tiapride, a 
drug used to treat agitation and aggres- 
sive behavior, since July. 

Doctors say the drag combination is 
commonly used in France to treat al- 
coholism. 

. Investigators are leaning toward at- 
tributing the Aug. 31 crash that killed 
Mr. Paul. Diana and her companion 
Dodi al Fayed. io excessive speed and 
alcohol. 

Nine photographers and a motorcyc- 
list who were pursuing the car arc ureter 
formal investigation for manslaughter 
and failure to assist people in danger. 





R 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


PAGE 11 


INTERNATIONAL 



KURDISH CLAMOR — Kurds demonstrating Tuesday outside the 
c h a n ce l lor's office in Bonn against die arrival of the Turkish prune 
minister, Mesut V arna*, who is cm a two-day official visit there. 

TRADES: UK Article Raises Eyebrows 


t » 


Continued from Page 1 

Goldman officials acknowledged that 
die finn had bought in the futures market 
but said that that was not unusual for die 
fern and that no one had had any advance 
knowledge of the market-moving stray . 

Still, the incident underscored the po- 
tential market for EMU-related infor- 
mation. Investors have already made bil- 
lions of dollars by betting that Spain and 
Italy would be charter members of mon- 
etary union and watching stock and bond 
prices soar as that belief has taken hold 
across Europe. Britain “is die last con- 
vergence trade left in Europe/' said 
Robin Marshall, chief- economist at 
Chase Manhattan Bank in London. 

Single-currency speculation suits the 
government because it drives British in- 
terest rales lower, taking them closer to 
the German levels that will set the stan- 
dard for die euro zone. It has also helped 
to bring the pound off its recent highs, a 
trend welcomed by the country’s export 
industry, because most economists and 
industrialists say that Britain yh nnld 


ENVOY: Rohatyn Caught in Crisis in Paris' 


Continued from Page 1 

His perfect French and expertise in the 
world of international finance both 
earned a warm welcome in the dip- 
lomatic and corporate salons of Paris, 
preoccupied more than ever with pre- 
serving French influence in an increas- 
ingly competitive international econo- 
- my the French Think is dominated by 
Anglo-Saxon interests. 

“Globalization doesn’t cany a threat, 
»\ but it carries discipline, and then you 
r' always have a notion that we are im- 
posing an American-style Anglo-Saxon 
capitalism,’’ he said. “People forget that 
10 years ago, we were being written off, 
and Japan and Germany were going to 
take over the world. Now that, like a lot 
of economic predictions, turned out to be 
wrong.” 

Mr. Rohatyn was coolly admonitory 
about the trouble with Total, which was 
once state-owned but is now almost en- 
tirely privately held. One way to view 
the issue, be said, was to see it as “three 
private companies deciding to make an 
investment, recognizing that there are 
risks in this investment because it flies in 
A the face of the law in die U.S.A.” 

• •' “They decided to make the invest- 
ment, presumably because they thought 
the profit was greater than the risk, and 
they clearly knew the risk.” he said. 
“They evaluated it, and now they have 
to deal with it, whatever feat risk turns 
out to be.” 

Mr. Rohatyn would not say what steps 
be thought fee Clinton administration 
would take under fee Iran-Ubya Sanc- 
tions Act, often called the D ’Amato law 
after Senator Alfonse D’ Amato, Repub- 
lican of New York. 

Gazprom, a huge Russian petroleum 


France Hopes to Isolate U.S. on Iran Deal 


By Joseph Fitchett 

tiaematiawJ Herald Tribune 


PARIS — In risking a showdown with 
Washington on fee issue of French in- 
vestments in Iran, Paris is counting on a 
solid front among European govern- 
ments to makf, fee Clinton administra- 
tion compromise, French officials say. 

All fee signs Tnesday seemed to con- 
firm widespread international exasper- 
ation with Washington's attempts to 
limit other countries' commercial re- 
lations wife Iran. 

The European Union warned Wash- 
ington to dunk twice before risking a 
trade dispute over the $2 billion in- 
vestment m Iran by Total SA, a French 
oil company. One partner in the deal, 
Russia’s state-owned Gasprom, said feat 
Moscow supported the French position. 

Official silence by Britain and Ger- 
many amplified fee absence Of any hint 
of support for fee U.S. view. Nor was 
there any official reaction from Japan, a 
country interested in potential supplies 
of energy from Iran. 

Bonn has recently become more re- 
ceptive to concern in Washington that 
inrwnatinnal ffl nta c W have not md- 
lowed the Iranian regime and that 
Tehran could acquire technology for nu- 
clear weapons. 

But German officials, like most of 
their European counterparts, are hopeful 


that the new Iranian leadership may 
gradually change. 

And toy are resentful of the D’ Amato 
law, which they see it as legislation 
passed largely for domestic reasons feat 
reflect voter support for Israel The law 
mandates sanctions against any com- 
pany that invests more than $20 million a 
year in Iran’s energy sector. 

France has taken fee lead in chal- 
lenging U.S. policy in fee Gulf, known 
as Huai c ontainment , which tries to im- 
pose finan cial quarantine on fee regimes 
in Iraq and Iran. While French compa- 
nies still observe fee United Nations’ 
embargo against Iraq, Paris contends 
feat unilateral U.S. prohibitions against 
Iran because of its alleged terrorist ac- 
tivities have no legal basis in interna- 
tional law. 

The French view, expressed privately 
by officials in Paris, is fear the Clinton 
administration has no wish fra a major 
trade dispute, perhaps involving the 
World Trade Organization, and will seek 
to sidestep any implementation of fee 
D ’Amato law's sanctions — just as the 
administration did last year over a sim- 
ilar unilateral U.S. embargo on Cuba. 
The European Union settled that wife a 
verbal compromise. 

The sanctions that could be imposed 
could prevent a violator from doing busi- 
ness in the United States or anywhere 
else with U.S. companies or government 


OIL: Iraq and Iran, Stars of the World 


enter at a more competitive exchange 
rate of 2J0 to 2.60 Deutsche marks. The 
pound was at 2.845 on Tuesday. 

That kind of favorable market reac- 
tion could potentially become self-ful- 
filling, effectively gtagmrblling over 
those in die government who are skep- 
tical about fee single currency, like For- 
eign Secretary Robin Code 

Tim Congdon, chief economist at 
Gerrard & National, said lie worried feat 

a broalexb^d^r the Labour govern- 
ment to shortcut normal governing pro- 
cedures and debate. 

“Government by press release is 
completely wrong/ ’ Mr. Congdon said. 

Mr. Brown’s decision to give the cen- 
tral bank greater indeperatence in setting 
interest rates, taken just ddys after La- 
bour took power in May, was a major 
constitutional change, he said. 

Although widely welcomed in fee 
markets, fee move, he said, “should not 
be done except by announcement in the 
House of Commons and after debate by 
MPa’ ’ or members of Parliament 


Continued from Page 1 

s, mostly from Europe and Asia, 
i themselves. 

industry experts say even though 
the world at the moment is sufficiently 
supplied with oil, the demand curve in 
the future is rising, indicating that soon- 
er, rather than later, a new global short- 
age is likely. 

. This is especially so as large, churn- 
ing, economies such as those of China 
and TnHfa continue (O ex pand, im pl ying 
greater consumption of electricity, new 
cars on the roads and higher standards of 
living with more home appliances con- 
suming more energy. 

It is this knowledge that drives oil 
companies to forge ties wife giants like 
Iran and Iraq. 

Indeed, Total announced Monday that 
it was on the verge of signing an oil 
production agreement wife Iraq to ex- 
ploit the giant Nafar Umar oil field in fee 
south, as soon as fee United Nations lifts 
the embargo imposed on fee country 
after it invaded Kuwait in 1990. 

At last count, Mr. Kbadduri said, 
“Sixty companies are negotiating oil 
deals wife Iraq,” all to be executed fee 
moment the embargo is lifted. 

Last year and this year, Russia and 
China signed deals to tap Iraqi fields, 
wife few objections by the United States, 
presumably because both said they 


company, and Petronas, the Malaysian 
state oil conmany, are also partners with 
Total in the Iranian deal. 

French and other European critics of 
fee D 'Amato law and the Helms-Burton 
law, which permits similar sanctions on 
foreign companies doing business wife 
Cuba, complain that they are examples 
of attempts by Congress to legislate be- 
yond U.S. boundaries, an argument Mr. 
Rohatyn had an answer for. 

“The issue of extraterritoriality, you 
know, that’s a little bit like modem art,” 
he joked. ‘ ‘What is extraterritorial?’ * 

After the European Union's executive 
agency threatened to disapprove Boe- 
ing ’s merger wife McDonnell Douglas 
last summer, he said, Boeing had to 
agree to remove exclusivity provisions 
from 20-year supply contracts wife three 
domestic U.S. airlines: American, Con- 
tinental and Delta. ' 

“A lot of people back holte thought 
that was extraterritorial,” Mr. Rohatyn 
said. “It’s not an open-and-shut issue.” 

Bey cod fee problem of Total’s de- 
cision to put $2 billion into exploitation 
of an Iranian gas field, he said, was a 
more important dilemma facing Wash- 
ington and its European allies. “That is, 
how does fee West, how the European 
Union. France, and fee U.S. deal with the 
behavior of a state that can pose a danger 
to Western society?" 

Washington suspects Iran of trying to 
develop nuclear weapons and missiles to 
deliver them, with help from unem- 
ployed Russian scientists. The European 
union has its own problems with Iran; its 
member states withdrew their ambas- 
sadors from Tehran last summer after a 
German court found Iranian leaders di- 


Deadly Drinking in Russia 


The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — Russians are drink- 
ing themselves to death at a rare rarely 
seen in any society, a team of Russian. 
British and French researchers said 
Tuesday. 

Their study was the latest in a series 
of scientific and medical findings 
about Russian mortality to be issued 
this year. But the researchers also said 
they found signs of hope in recent data 
showing a sharp upswing in Russian 
life expectancy . 

The latest reports differed from pre- 
vious findings in the emphasis they 
pat on alcohol — and binge drinking 
in particular — as the primary cause of 
a shocking decline in life expectancy 
in Russia in fee early 1990s. 

The decline, mainly among men, “is 
the steepest and most severe ever doc- 
umented anywhere in the world,” said 
David Leon, a researcher at the London 
School of Hygiene and Tropical Medi- 
cine who took part in the study. 


“Taking Russian mortality rales as 
they are today, a man aged 20 has only 
just above a 1 in 2 chance of surviving 
to age 60, while in countries such as 
Britain or France nearly 9 out of 10 
men aged 20 will be expected to sur- 
vive to 60 years,” he said. 

Mr. Leon and his British colleagues 
worked on fee study with fee Center of 
Demography and Human Ecology in 
Russia and fee National Institute for 
Demographic Studies in France. 

The gradual decline in health stan- 
dards turned into a free fall in fee early 
1990s, in fee first years of chaos after 
fee breakup of the Soviet Union. The 
researchers said the sharp decline in 
the 1990s could be explained only by 
an increase in alcohol consumption; in . 
particular, heavy binge drinking. 

A Russian researcher, Sergei Za- 
kharov, provided the one bright note, 
reporting that preliminary data show a 
sharp upswing in life expectancy starr- 


FKANCE: Church Apologizes to Jews 


Continued from Page 1 

of the Vichy regime to be judged for 
crimes against the Jews. Mr. Papon, who 
is 87, will face charges related to the 
death of 1 ,560 Jews. 

The word chosen Tuesday by the 
church to describe its failing — faute — 
has a particularly solemn resonance in 
French. It was also the word 




Botha Refusing 
To See Truth Panel 
In South Africa 

Agence Frmce-Prtsse 
CAPE TOWN — The framer 
South African president, Pieter W. 
Botha, has refused an order to ap- 
pear before the Truth and Recon- 
ciliation Commission, which is in- 
vestigating apartheid-era crimes. 

Archbishop Desmond Tutu, who 
leads the provincial commission, 
said Tuesday that Mr. Botha cited 
health reasons for not attending and 
had asked for a subpoena against 
him to be withdrawn. 

Archbishop Tutu said fee com- 
mission would not withdraw fee or- 
der and asked for a full medical 
report, which was supplied by Mr. 
Botha’s doctors earlier in the day. 
The penalty for disobeying fee or- 
der is two years in jail or a fine. 

Mr. Botha, who led the apartheid 
regime from 1978 to 1989, is suf- 
fering complications from a mp rc- 
placement surgery. Archbishop 
Tutu said. 


bombing of 

“One of die unfortunate things about 
the timing of this,” he said of Total’s 
decision, is feat it may get in the way of 
what I think is clearly a more important 
discussion.” That, he said,- would in- 
clude an evaluation of a change in di- 
rection by fee authorities in Iran after last 
summer’s presidential election there. 

Keeping up good U.S- relations with 
France despite continual French suspi- 
cions that America would secretly like to 
relegate its oldest European ally to fee 
rank of a second-rate economic And mil- 
itary power bedevils every American 
ambassador to Paris. One of Mr. Ro- 
hatyn’s jobs has been reassuring bank- 
ing friends and the numerous French 
officials he has been calling on that the 
United States does not oppose die Euro- 
Union plan to create a common 
lean currency, the euro, at the start 
of 1999. 

“We have an interest in a- strong 
Europe, and Europe has an interest in a 
strong U.S./’ he said. “The euro is a 
European construction. The criteria of 
who should join, when, what fee parities 
should be, arc all very important, some- 
what technical issues in which we have 
no say. and no preference.” 

“There is this notion that we arc 
threatened by fee euro, that the dollar is 
threatened by the euro/’ he added. “It is 
absolutely not true.” 


by President Jacques Chirac when in 
1995 he undid decades of equivocation 
by saying feat fee French state had, in his 
words, “committed fee irreparable” 
during World War n. 

His predecessor, Francois Mitterrand, 
bad always refused to apologize in the 
name of France because he held that it 
was the Vichy government, set up after 
France’s defeat by Germany in 1940, 
and not fee French republic feat had 
committed crimes. 

4 The republic had nothing to do with 
this,” Mr. Mitterrand said in 1994. 

“I do not believe France is respon- 
sible.” 

■ Jewish Group Hails Men Culpa 

Henri Hajdenberg, president of fee 
umbrella group for France’s 750,000 
Jews, said the church's mea culpa 
“found a ’ ’ 


apology underlined that, as a body, the 
church had remained silent and that the 
majorily of its nearly 80 bishops at the 
time “went far beyond traditional obe- 
dience, remaining bogged down in a 
conformist, wait-and-see attitude.” 

Historians say that while some bish- 
ops identified wife the French Resis- 
tance, fee huge majority backed Vichy 
policies, which were uitraconservative 
and returned to the church some of the 
powers it lost in the French Revolution 
of 1789. 

‘ ‘The fret is, the bishops of France did 
not speak up and their silence was con- 
strued as acquiescence wife flagrant vi- 
olations of human rights,” fee church 
statement said. 

During a visit to Paris in August, Pope 
John Paul II praised the French bishops’ 
decision to apologize, which was an- 
nounced by fee church in July. 

“Recognizing fee weaknesses of yes- 
terday is an act of loyalty and courage 
feat helps strengthen our faith/* die 
Pope said. 

German and Polish bishops have apo- ■ 
logized for the wartime stance of their 
own churches. 


agencies. la the international oil in- 
dustry, it would be a commercially crip- 
pling blow. 

In a hint that fee administration was 
looking for a way to avoid acting against 
Total, Jamie Rubin, the State Depart- 
ment spokesman, said Tuesday that 
“how we interpret fee law” depended 
on what European governments were ‘ 
willing to do to put pressure on Iran. 

Earner, in Brussels, Leon Brittan, the 
European track commissioner, urged 
Washington to “think long and hard” 
about any punitive action against TotaL 
He said feat fee European Union viewed 
feeD'AmatoI&was ‘’counterproductive 
in political trams because it creates ten- 
sion between Europe and fee United 
States” about the Gulf. 

European governments are unlikely to 
leave the commission in Brussels mnch 
room for c o mpro m ise on the D’ Amato 
law, diplomats said. They noted' feat 
such extraterritorial legislation had al- 
ways been deeply unpopular among 
Europe’s trading nations. 

Wtth wwunff i jal considerations 
already heavily politicized in Europe, 
there is strong resentment against steps by 
the U.S. Congress to legislate rules about 
what foreign countries may and may not- 
do in third countries such as Ran. 

In this dispute, a European ambas- 
sador said in Paris, “I’m afraid that nr 
country and all the other Europeans 


have a Pavloviaa response” in rejecting 
any U.S. attempt to enforce sanctions. t 
“I only hope our governments will be * 
guarded in what they say,” he added, * 
referring to fears among many leaders in 
Europe feat the dispute could fuel a . 
broader backlash in the U.S. Congress 
against trans- Atlantic ties. 

“Ranee has taken a stand on an issue *• 
where other Europeans agree but laid 
low because of Ui>. pressure,” accord- L 
ing to an official in Paris, who asked not 

to be identified because fee French gov-' ' 
ernxnent is oot officially involved. Total *• 

executives have saidpablicly, however, 
feat the contract with Iran had prior 
government approval 
French commentators said Tuesday • 
feat France stood to reap major benefits '■ 

by defying fee United States on Iran. The 

Total deal is fee biggest single invest- *■ 
meat in bran since die 1979 revolution. 

Fra fee French government, which has 1 
been chafing at what Foreign Minister V 

Hubert Vedrine has labeled T^emonic 

behavior” and abuses of power by the 
United S tates, the I ranian dispute could 
buttress French stature in Europe. 

French officials noted that Washington 
found a loophole to accommodate a 
pipeline deal last spring involving Thrioey " 
and Iran. And Washington has not ap- - 
peared to take action against reported 
deals by a Canadian company and a Ger- 
man bank that seemed to violate the ban. 


would respect fee UN embargo. 

Russia will develop fee West Quma 
field, Iraq’s largest China will concen- 
trate on the Ahdab field near Knt, also in 
southern Iraq. But signing a deal means 
experts are working on the fields even if 
production does not actually begin. It 
also means investments flowing into the 
country in hard currency along with 
equipment and employment opportuni- 
ties. 

The principal lure of Iraq, experts 
point oat, is that it possesses 110 billion 
oarrels of proven oil reserves. That puts 
it right behind Saudi Arabia. Similarly, 
oil companies have been swarming all 
over Iran. 

After the Clinton administration 
forced Conoco to cancel a huge deal with 
Iran three years ago over developing fee 
Sirri oil and gas field. Total took it 
over. 

Companies from Austria, Germany, 
Italy, Japan and other countries are most 
active in Iran, driven by the recognition 
that its gas reserves are needed by many 
of its neighbors, including Turkey, 
Pakistan, India and, eventually, 
Europe. 

The Europeans at the momear depend 
on Algerian, Dutch, Norwegian and 
Russian natural gas but axe interested in 
diversifying sources. 

All of which makes the American 
strategy of dual containment against Iraq 


adhab ■ 
IRAQ 

WESTQURNA 


IRAN 



SAUDI 

ARABIA 


BAHRAIN 
QATAR 


and Iran — in addition to fee pressure 
exerted against Libya, another energy 
supplier — appear to be increasingly 
ineffective. 

As more countries, including allies of 
the United States, perceive twwmmie 
sanctions as punishing them, it has be- 
come obvious in the last three years that 
Washington’s dictates have tittle res- 
onance, particularly as they run counter 
to the globalization of the world econ- 
omy, a concept promoted by Washing- 
ton. 

“The thing about this -containment 


MEXICO: Ihe Police Stoke Fears of Crime 


Continued from Page I 

Besides nurturing cynicism a 
the population about “crime busters’ 
who break fee law, fee system encour- 
ages corruption among lower-level po- 
lice officers. Street cops in the capital, 
fra example, often demand kickbacks 
simply to patrol their beats, while traffic 
police routinely stop drivers and demand 
bribes not to ticket them for infractions 
they did not commit. There are 28,100 
officers on Mexico City’s police force, 
and starting pay is about $95 a week. 

Analysts here said a large part of the 
problem is that senior police officials 
demand weekly payments from their un- 
derlings. such as fees for being assigned 
to a good street comer and a portion of 
fee bribes collected there. 

“Autho ri ties have turned the police 
figure into a social criminal by paying 
them low salaries and demanding fees,” 
said Jaime Gonzales Graff, a sociologist 
at fee Mexican Institute of Political 
Studies. 

■ Besides the almost institutionalized 
role the police play in protecting drug 
traffickers, they also are involved in kid- 
napping gangs, stolen car rings and nu- 
merous other organized crime rackets. 

In September. TV Azteca. a national 
network, broadcast a videotape of a youfe 
stripping parts from a car and throwing 
them into a Mexico City police cruiser. 

Last Tuesday, the chics investigator of 
car thefts in Guadalajara, the country’s 
second-largest city, resigned, contend- 
ing dial higher-ups were refusing to 
break stolen-car rings involving state 
police officers. Some senior police of- 
ficials, he said, were getting up to $3,800 
for each stolen auto. 

1 Many people here say they believe 
that fee country’s crime wave has its 
roots in the 1994 peso devaluation, 
which plunged the nation into its worst 
economic recession in 60 years. 

More than a million people lost their 
jobs, and families across die country 
became desperate when soaring interest 
rates and inflation wiped outfeeir sav- 
ings, shrank their incomes and buried 
them under debt. Reported crime in fee 
capital rose 36 percent in 1995 and 14 
percent last year. 

Responding to fee public outcry. Pres- 
ident Zedillo appointed an army general 
Enrique Salgado Cordero, as tire city's 


S^i^l«Ss 1 S^Sted^mPa? KOREA: Cabinet Urges Amnesty for 23 Convicted Businessmen 


OUT 

is. 

“Without erasing the past, without 
allowing us to forget, the pardon being 
asked will allay resentment,” he said in 
a speech prepared for the Drancy cer- 
emony. 

Mr. Hajdenberg, who heads the Rep- 
resentative Council of French Jewish 
Organizations, paid tribute to fee half- 
dozen bishops who spoke up in occupied 
France in mid-1942 to protest fee first 
ma 


Stmitof 

Hormuz 


UNITED ARAB; 

EMIRATES ; The New Yoct Tinas 


/ is feat it is slipping everywhere,” 
d Verzi, senior oil analyst for 
Kleinwort Benson, the London invest- 
ment concern, said in an interview. 

“You cannot ignore a country like 
Iran wife 60 million people and three 
times the proven gas reserves of the 
United States itself,” Mr. Verzi said. 
‘ ‘The sheer economic logic of using Iran 
as a transit route by its neighbors to 
transport oil and gas is overcoming polit- 
ical obstacles caused by U.S. sanctions 
legislation. This will not be the last of 
such projects.” - 


police chief in June 1996. He replaced ’ 
dozens of ranking officers wife serving - 
and retired army officials. . ' 

Crime, however, has shown no sign of - 
abating, and in congressional testimony ' 
this week, fee chief admitted that his 
department was plagued by corruption • 
»nd “ adminis trative anarchy.” 

Gustavo Vega, a political analyst at - 
die College of Mexico, said: “Author- ’ 
ities thought that fee solution was to - 
bring in new cops and fire the old corrupt ; 
ones. But the only thing they got out of 
thin: was former cops now acting as well- 
trained criminals on the streets. They ; 
know exactly how police forces operate, < 
so they have it easier and die/ are mak- ’ 
ing more money.’ ’ . 

Three months ago, fee U.S. Embassy ■ 
here warned Americans not to hail taxi- } 
cabs on the capital's streets because of the ■ 
chance they would be robbed ra assaulted | 
by rogue drivers. In a survey of 300 cab - 
riders by the newspaper Reforma,24 per- • 
cent said they had been assaulted while in * 
a taxi But the drivers were not immune ■ 
either. 57 percent of them said they had i 
been robbed while on the job. 

In July, polls showed that concern - 
about crime was a major factor in the | 
overwhelming vote that made Cuanh- l 
temoc Cardenas modern Mexico City’s ■ 
first popularly elected mayor. Mr. .’ 
Cardenas, who takes office Dec. 5, has > 
made stemming crime and police cor- ; 
raption a top priority, but it is unclear • 
how much he can do since the federal .• 
government retains significant control . 
of the capital’s criminal justice system. * 

Meanwhile, in an attempt to reclaim 
fee streets, fee police began an aggressive ■ 
crackdown a few months ago, sending _ 
teams of elite officers on sweeps through 
the most crime-infested neighborhoods. 

_ The sweeps were welcomed by many ■ 
residents, but others criticized them as 
publicity stunts marked by rampant civil 
rights violations, with police officers 
breaking into homes and indiscriminate- 
ly arresting thousands of people. Abont 
700 people were detained in early Au- 
gust, for instance, but only 12 were 
actually charged wife a crime. 

“The police operations are useless,” - 
said Jose Espina, a member of Congress * 
from' fee opposition National Action * 
Party. “They seem more like shows to 
malre people believe something is being ■ 


yor roundups of Jews. 
The church document 


containing the 


Continued from Page 1 

last year after being convicted of giving 
millions of dollars in bribes to Presidents 
Chun and Roh in the 1980s. 

Also covered by fee amnesty were 14 
executives of fee Hyundai Ctnjx, who 
were convicted either of evading taxes or 
of embezzling company funds to bankroll 
the presidential campaign of their group 
chairman, Chung Ju Yung, in 1991. 

Mr. Chung, founder of Hyundai, fin- 


ished a distant third in fee election. The 
legal action against his aides, all from 
fee company’s subsidiaries, was seen by 
some as a political reprisal. 

The other two businessmen affected 
were implicated in land development 
and maritime corruption cases. 

Mr. Chun and Mr. Roh. framer army 
generals who ruled South Korea from 
1980 to 1992, were sentenced fra fee 
military coup in South Korea in 1979 and 
fra the massacre of hundreds of snti- 


govermnent protesters in 1980. Mr. Chum 
got a life term; Mr. Roh, 17 years. They 
also were found guilty of taking bribes 
while in office; Mr. Chun was fined $270 
million; Mr. Roh, $350 milli on. 

South Korea is in a deep recession and 
its international balance of payments is 
deteriorating. 

Its current account deficit hit a record 
$23.7 billion last year. In the first eight 
fe»s year, the deficit totaled 
Si i . 3 billion. (AP. Reuters. AFP) 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, 
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 
PAGE 12 


STAG E/ENTER TAINMENT 


The $15,000 Digital Piano With No Strings Attached 



r* 


By Edward Rothstein 

N{ w York Tima Service 


N EW YORK — A technological mutant 
has been bom. Its mix of generic 
strands has given it promising abil- 
ities, strange limitations and peculiar 
properties, it conjoins several centuries of evol- 
utionary development with several decades of 
experimentation. 

The mutant is a grand piano without strings — 
the $1 5,495 Yamaha Disklavier Oran Touch Dig- 
ital Grand Piano (see http7Avww.yamaha.com). 

A traditional keyboard and action respond to the 


pulsing impact of the fingers; the touch has 
famili ar contours as the instrument'! 


's hammers 

are tossed toward musical goals. But instead of 


striking strings stretched tautly over an iron plate, 
the hammers pass across optical sensors that are 
used to calculate a nuanced pianolike sound. 

A concert pianist would feel thoroughly com- 
fortable with die keys, though a bit disoriented: 
The sonic results lack the resonance and finely 
grained nap of a traditional instrument. 

But one never expects mutations to take the 
same place in die natural order; here the design 
points in other directions. For its other genetic 
heritage is from die once extinct line of player 
pianos. The ponched-paper rolls that were found 
on half of all pianos made during the mid- 1920s 
— early forms of digital coding — have been 
supplanted by floppy disks read by a computer. 

The instrument can record the pianist's own 
playing and play it back, accompanied by keys 


depressed in a ghostly fashion. It can also be 
programmed to add more than 700 synthesized 
sounds that emerge out of speakers hidden in its 


compressed body. 
This is 


also an instrument that has left the 

siano far behind One can play it while wearing 
headphones. It can receive digital signals from 
across the country, allowing bicoastal duets. It 
can play files downloaded from the Internet (see 
htip://www.globaljukebox_com). It can pass its 
signals along to other instruments that use the 
electronic musical standard known as MIDL Its 
performances can be edited on a personal com- 
puter. And Us results can be piped through dis- 
tant speakers without the use of a microphone. 

Its birth also comes at a peculiar moment in the 
evolution of the species. Though Yamaha says 


the new model is already back -ordered, its an- 
cestral line has been troubled by its changing 
ecological niche. In the early years of this cen- 
tury, mote than 350.000 pianos per year were 
made in the United States by nearly 300 man- 
ufacturers; both numbers have shrunk drastic- 
ally, victim to bankruptcies and cultural change. 
Last year domestic piano sales were the lowest 
since 1978, hovering around 90,000 units, with 
about 40 percent of the dollar sales going to two 
Japanese manufacturers, Yamaha and Kawai 
But beginning in 1988, Yamaha began to have 
unusual success with the first models of 4c 
Disklavier. which were ordinary pianos equipped 
with a computerized player mechanism. 

Disklaviers, in their original acoustic incarn- 
ations, are extraordinary instruments: They re- 


tain ail the possibilities of the a*: , 
dinonal piano, along with the virtues of a 
subtle plover mechanism that can play any 
of 400 prerecorded diskettes or repay one's \ 
own performance with uncanny accwaey. ' 
The latest mutation nudges the Disfchvwr 
more fully toward the electronic piano. Lewis 
foresees “increasing connectivity wife PCs and 
home entertainment systems.' ’ The newest 
prerecorded diskettes also emphasize musical 
accompaniments: an electronic orehtauift brok- 
ing up the Grieg concerto sob, or a synthesized 
drum and hasfi adding pulse to jazz impro- 
visations. ' 


Recent tedmobt 

wh wm 


logy articles: 
'JhU'cmillHVTECf^ 


: • 


A Classic ‘Lear’: Hall’s Finale? 


By Sheridan Morley 

International Herald Tribune 


L ONDON — This seems to be 
the year of King Lear's triple 
crown. Thus far we have had 
Kathryn Hunter playing the 
role in a weird kind of (hag, Ian Holm 
at fee National in Richard Eyre’s stun- 
ning, close-up chamber version, and 
now, at the Old Vic, Peter 
Hall’s admirable, almost oper- 
atic reminder of fee ancient vir- 
tues of fee tragedy when played 
ar frill tilt behind a proscenium 
arch as a classic version of the 
all-time theatrical classic. 

Sadly, this "King Lear" may 
well prove to be Hall's farewell pro- 
duction at fee Vic, which faces closure 
in December and sale by the Mirvishes 
to anyone willing to part wife £7 mil- 
lion for a theater building that, happily, 
can be put to no other use. 

Though there are munnurings feat 
fee beleaguered Royal Shakespeare 
Company could take up some kind of 
residence there, it is unlikely that any 
theatrical management can meet fee 
price. 

We should, therefore, not mourn the 
Hall farewell but actively try to make 
sure that money is raisea to allow him 
to stay put For what is demonstrated, 
not just by the new “King Lear" but 
also by such other productions of his in 
fee current season as “Waste” and 
“Waiting for Godot," is that in less 
than nine months Hall has set up one of 
fee great repertory companies of the 
world, offering a roster of stars and 
shows that challenges even fee Na- 
tional Theatre in its prime, and cer- 
tainly outstrips fee RSC wife its recent 
shaky record. We simply cannot afford 
to let the Hall company disintegrate. 


L O N D O M 


THE ATE R 



nor is there effectively another West 
End theater, except maybe fee Hay- 
market, where it would be so suitably 
site! 

This “Lear” is nouin any sense 
revolutionary, nor is it especially top- 
ical; it is, simply and superbly, a re- 
minder of the timeless majesty of fee 
play. Alan Howard’s unusually 
Christ-like Lear. Denis Quilley's 
sturdy, sterling Gloucester, 
Greg Hicks's noble Edgar, 
Alan Dobie’s weary Fool, 
Jenny Quayle and Anna 
Carteret as a brace of won- 
dr ou sly wicked sisters ami, 
perhaps above all , Victoria 
Hamilton's infinitely touch- 
ing, Saint Joan-like Cordelia are all 
performances to treasure, and there are 
still more where these came from. Hall 
and Howard’s “Lear” heroic, main- 
stream, heartbreaking anH dazzling in 
its confidence. Unlike many other re- 
cent revivals, there is never a moment 
when the production, on a brilliantly 
jagged set by John Gunter, seems in 
conflict wife the text The fidelity is 
all, and it is more than enough. 

At the Duke of York’s, still one of 
fee homes of the Royal Court in exile, 
Caryl Churchill’s “Blue Heart” is a 
double bill heavily indebted to the N. 
F. Simpson tradition of 1960s exper- 
imental eccentricity, the world of 
“One Way Pendulum” and other 
long-lost homages to Ionesco. Here we 
have a kind of elongated curtain-raiser 
in which a family awaits the return of 
their daughter from Australia, tying 
themselves up in increasingly circular 
detours as they restart the homecom- 
ing dialogue over and over again , in 
the hope that it might shed some kind 
of light, however oblique, on die trav- 
eler and fee actual desirability of hav- 


ing her in the homestead alongside a 


hopelessly surreal ostrich. 
The se 


second and vastly better play 
concerns a confidence trickster who 
pretends to be fee long-lost son of dozy 
old bats, until he and his girlfriend are 
struck down by an inability to utter any 
words other than “blue” and 


“kettle." Thirty years ago, fee likes of 
Spike Milligan, peter 


Sellers and Al- 
ison Leggact might have had some 
bizarre fun with all this, but Max 
Stafford-Clark's oddly humorless 
s taging leaves a large and talented cast 
at a loss for words. Not for the first 
time, a production heralded in the 
blazing hot-house of fee Edinburgh 
Festival looks a lot thinn er in fee 
colder, clearer light of the West End. 

Speaking of Ionesco, we should at 
this point note the opening in London 
this week of fee most ambitious 
French Theatre Season ever on this 
side of EurotunneL From now until fee 
middle of December it will be possible 
to see, albeit often only for five or six 
performances, fee Comedie Francaise 
(at fee National this week wife 
Marivaux ’s “Les Fansses Confi- 
dences”), a new play season at fee 
Royal Court, more Marivaux at 
Sadlers Wells, some Beckett ■shorts at 
Stratford, a Michel Vinaver season at 
fee Orange Tree, Ionesco at the Court 
and, in late November, Peter Brook’s 
s taging of Beckett's “Oh! Les Beaux 
Jours” at Riverside. Details of all 
these productions and many more can 
be had on (44-17 1) 420-0070. 

If I fail to review them here, it is not 
for lack of interest or admiration, 
merely that I know from past expe- 
rience of very short seasons how ir- 
ritated readers can be made by reading 
reviews of shows that have already 
closed. 


a 



•VS'/a v ' 


PamfU Q«a Cur The few YofcTotti 

Cruz and Juarez Espinosa, founders of a Mexican theater group that has won worldwide notice. 


Mayan Women Find a New Role 


By Robert Myers 


S AN CRISTOBAL DE LAS CA- 
SAS, Mexico — Half a dozen 
blocks from the central square 
of San Cristobal de las Casas, a 
colonial town of 70,000 nestled in fee 
mountains of Chiapas in southern Mex- 
ico, two Mayan women are engaged in 
their own social and artistic revolution. 

The women, Petrona de la Cruz Cruz, 
32, and Isabel Juarez Espinosa, 39, are 
the founders of Fomma, which stands 


for Fortaleza de la Mujer Maya (Mayan 


many of them young, unmarried mothers 
— learn how to survive in a society where 
women have traditionally beat so sub- 
servient that until recently wives walked 
several steps behind their husbands. 

Cruz’s writing tends toward hard- 
boiled realism. Cruz, who is part of fee 
Tzotzii ethnic group, was inspired by 
television as a girl and dreamed of be- 
coming an actress. But girls in her cul- 
ture were expected to learn skills like 
weaving and cooking. “My parents, 
didn't want me to study." she said, 
although her mother eventually let her 
attend fee local school. 


after finishing high school, she married 
a young man who was sooa murdered in 


a land dispute, leaving her pregnant with 
rst child. 


her first child. She took a job as a cashier 
until, in 1983, she was invited to join 
Sna Jtz’ibajom, which offered its mem- 
bers modest stipends. 

There she learned to write in her own 
language, Tzeltal, and began recording 
and transcribing legends and oral tales 
from elders. She eventually collected 


Women's Strength, or Fortress), a theat- 
er troupe and community center that has 
attracted worldwide attention. 

Although they are acknowledged to 
be their country’s first female Indian 
playwrights, their own lives read more 
like the gritty plots of naturalistic nov- 
els. Their experiences and the quiet the- 
atrical revolution they have spawned, 
however, are grounded in the din poor 
highlands of Chiapas, the site of an 
armed uprising by the Zapatista Lib- 
eration Army in 1994. 

The four-year-old company has 

S led plays in the United States. 

a and Australia and throughout 
Mexico. Among fee productions were 
“H Abuso" (The Abuse), a pu 
about peasants who migrate to 
“El Mundo al Reves” (The Topsy- 
Turvy World), a fable about nature, in 
which the earth is allegorized as a dragon, 
and “Almas Enjauladas” (Caged Souk), 


When she was 17, as part of apolitical 
her father, Cruz was 


vendetta against 
kidnapped and raped, becoming pregnant 
as a result. “The rape changed my whole 
life,” she said, her jaw becoming taut “I 
didn’t care about fee difficulties I had to 
OTdirre to go to school But being violated 
like that made me want to give up." 


i poet play 
i fee city; 


Cruz's most personal weak, about the 
fed. Now then 


rape of a girl. Now the &cupe is preparing 
for an international tour next year. 

Through literacy classes and woric- 
shops in theater, sewing and job skills, 
fee wo women have created a com- 
munity center that helps poor women — 


S HE eventually returned to her 
studies and was offered a part in 
a play entitled “Entre Menos 
Burros, Mas Elotes” (Fewer 
Donkeys Mean More Cora), about birth 
control. It was on this production that 
she met Juarez Espinosa, who was a 
member of a San Cristobal theater col- 
lective called Sna Jtz’ibajom (Tzotzii 
for Writers* House). 

Juarez Espinosa, a member of fee 
Tkeltal ethnic groupwho comes from a 
family of 10 children, also encountered 
violence and domestic turbulence. * ‘My 
father beat my mother, so she left him,” 
site said, her face betraying only a flick- 
er of emotion as she sat in Fomina's tiny 
one-room library, her 4-year-old son, 
Esteban, at her side. 

Like Cruz, she fed not be gin formal 
schooling until her early teens. At 21, 


jrs, in a bilingual 
y Teatro 

Tzel tales” (Tzeltal Stories and Theat- 
er). She made her acting debut in the 
1988 production of “El Haragon y el 
Zopilote” (The Loafer and fee Buz- 
zard), a reworking of a folk tale about a 
lazy husband who changes places wife a 
buzzard. 

Last month, the group, which is com- 
posed of eight women and their chil- 
dren, presented its most recent play, 
which was collectively written, as are 
most of its works. Called “Ideas Para el 
Cambio” (Ideas for Change), it is a 
didactic tale, with a sophisticated twist, 
about two female coffee pickers who are 
directed to Fomma after being dismissed 


from their jobs by their indolent boss, 
i in all fee group’s productions, fee 


As b 


male roles, including a peasant wife a 
fish sticking through his head and fee 
mustachioed plantation owner, all were 
performed by women. “Many men see 
women acting the roles of men,” said 
Juarez Espinosa, “and their response is, 
these women want to become men. 
We’ve invited men to be in our pro- 
ductions, but they don't want to.” 


Robert Mvers. a playwright whose 
works include “Atwater: Firin' to Die," 
wrote this for The New York Times. 


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Married five times, Harlan Howard has been writing country songs about love and heartache for nearly 60 years. 


Harlan Howard , the Love Junkie 




By Bruce Weber 

New York Times Service 


N ASHVILLE, Tennessee — 
After all these years, Harlan 
Howard is still a love junkie. 
He can’t get enough. Parental 
■love, filial love, but most of all the 
intense, chaotic, all-consuming, in- 
sanely happy-making kind that draws 
men and women together and can go 
bad really bad, at any moment — be 
needs it all. 

No surprise, really. He has been mar- 
ried five times, after all And beyond 
that, he has been writing songs about it 
for nearly 60 years, since he first beard 
Ernest Tubb singing on the radio during 
his boyhood farm days in Michigan. 
Before he even knew what he was .writ- 
ing about. 

“At 12, I really got into the man- 
woman drama,” he said over screw- 
drivers and barbecued chicken at the 
Nashville Country Club, his regular 
midday spot near Music Row. “It 
moved me, and it touched me. The 
amazement is I had so many years to be 
a virgin. I’d never even held a girl’s 
hand. What did I know about ‘those 
sleepless nights'? ‘How I’d love to hold 
you again, ray dear' ... My God! ” He 
cackled with laughter. 


A friendly, grizzled man with a rap of 

drinker 


white hair, the veiny nose of a 
and an ever-present cigarette, Howard, 
the giant of country songwriters, turned 
70 this month. After six operations for a 
variety of ailments in the last three 
years, he’s a bit stooped wife ill-healfo, 
and he walks wife a cane because of a 
circulation problem in his legs. But he 
spoke about his troubles wife the 
grumpy good cheer of a man on the 


was honored for fee wry, workingman’s 
patois of his lyrics and his twangy three- 
chord melodies by being inducted into 
fee Country Music Hall of Fame. 

Among his songs are “I Fall to 
Pieces,” fee Palsy Cline classic; 
“Heartaches by the Number,” which 
was recorded in 1 959 both as a country 
song by Ray Price and as a pop song by 
Guy Mitchell and has had more than a 
million air plays in both versions; 
“Busted,” famously recorded by Ray 
Charles; “Why Not Me?’ ’ by the Judds, 
and “Down to My Last Cigarette.” 
sung by k.d. lang. He wrote hits for Mel 
Tillis and, a generation later, for Tiltis’s 
daughter Pam. Even a trimmed down 
discography has a country Who’s Who 
quality to it George Jones, Waylon 
Jennings, Dolly Parton, Hank Snow, 
Brenda Lee. 

“He is the songwriter’s song leader, 
fee guru, the guy every body, looks up 
to,” said Willie Nelson, who has known 
Howard since 1959. And that assess- 
ment is echoed by a younger generation 
of songwriters. 

“He calls us ‘juveniles,’ ” said Ma- 
traca Berg, whose song “Strawberry 
Wine," recorded by Deana Carter, was 
named Song of the Year last week. 
"He’s always had an amazing ability to 
write tike he talks. It's a form of genius 
to be so plain-spoken and get a point 
across so straightforwardly. That’s 
something to aspire to.” She paused, 
before adding, “And he bought me my 
first shot of tequila.” 


more than 40 years. “Give it fee punch, 
the drive." -_ 7 

Until you sing the songs, Tillis said, 
“you forget how funny Harlan is," 
adding that they have a great sense of 
comedy and tragedy but that both come 
across in an unaffected wav. 

He’s unaffected about ois life, too, 
though in its own right it has fee ele- 
ments of a good, heartrending country 
ballad feat, begins sadly and turns out 
well. 

He spent his childhood under fee su- 
pervision of the Michigan Children’s 


sr 


Aid Society, going from farm family to 


rociety, _ 

farm family after bis mother, left, his 
father, an abusive, drunk.' “It wasn’t 
tragic,” he said. “I never missed a 
meal” 

He served in the army, worked in 
factories, traveled a lot and finally 
settled in Southern California, where in 
L954 he was introduced to a Bakersfield 
singer named Buck Owens. The two 
began writing together and not long 
afterward their first song, "Mommy for 
a Day,” was recorded by Kitty Wells. 
Howard started sending songs to J 
Nashville, but he was still working a 1 
factory job in March I960 when a check ; - 

came in the mail from the publisher of j : 
“Heartaches by the Number” — far 
$48,000. Shortly afterward came an- 
other check for $52,000. ' 

“The biggest check I'd ever gotten 
before that was for $27,” he fad. With 
that money he moved to Nashville, - 
where he has. stayed. 

Howard has an ego about his work 
but shrugs off serious questions about r 
“craft" with the explanation that he • v- 
was given a gift and has worked hard. A 
good song, he said, is one feat makes ■ *r 
you stop and do something — him up ai 
the radio, maybe, or call up a lover and 
apologize. That’s why “No Charge,” a W 
1974 song about a parent’s love for a 
child is his personal favorite. 

‘ ‘I had fathers come up to me and say, 

4 I almost wrecked my car when I beard 
that on fee radio,’ ” he said. “I raised 
the hair on a lot of people’s arms with 
that song, and writers like to do feat now 
and then.” 


V 


He is a revered figure in fee world of 
country music. And even if he isn’t 
terribly well known anywhere else — he 
says he never gets recognized on fee 
street outside of this neighborhood 
which is the heart of the music business 
here — his songs are. There are about 
4.Q0Q of them. And last week, at fee 
Country Music Association Awards, he 


A drian Howard song, 
all of country music, is 
out to wring fee guts, but it’s 
often marked by an under- 
cutting self-effacemenL Somehow in its 
rhymes, its sweet-sour melody and its 
rhythmic pulse it makes fun of itself — 
“I’ve got heartaches by fee number, 
troubles by fee score'/ Every day you 
love me less, each day 1 love you 
more." 

“He’d say, ‘There’s fee song, now 
put that Hydromatic to it,' ” recalled 
Bock Owens, the legendary singer- 
songwriter, who has known Howard for 


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Bundesbank Is Ready to Yield Its Autonomy, Issing Says 


AgeuccYnaerVitmt 


By John Sc hmid 

International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — After years of jeal- 
ously guarding its autonomy, the 
Bundesbank stands ready to coordinate 
policy with other European central 
banks as soon as the founding nations of 
the new single currency are chosen next 
May, the German central bank's chief 
economist said Tuesday. 

Already, in its cuixent interest-rate 
deliberations, the Bundesbank has be- 
gun to take account of its European 
partners, the official, Otmar Issing, said 
in an interview. 

“Our monetary policy today already 
recognizes our European responsibil- 
ity,” be said. 


Forfeiting its prized independence 
“is not a reason to complain,” Mr. 
Issing said. 

“If currency union is a success/' he 
said, “then the disappearance of the 
Bundesbank as an independent insti- 
tution will come in the service of a good 
thing.” 

ms comments indicated that the 
Bundesbank was prepared to relinquish 

much of the independence on which it 
had historically insisted and to do so 
ahead of schedule — more than seven 
months before the official Jan. 1, 1999, 
inauguration of monetary union. 

A decision last month by European 
finance ministers to fix conversion rates 
between national currencies next May, 

riift tfrtv» Hyaf riw nations that giil 


start the euro are chosen, automatically 
means the Bundesbank must coordinate 
each move with its new partners, Mr. 
Issing said. 

“The maneuvering room fra: national 
monetary poKcy will become much nar- 
rower,” he said, continuously shrinking 
. until it reached “zero” Dec. 31, 1998. 

“In May next year begins a period of 
stronger coordination of monetary 
policy among the member nations of the 
coming monetary union,” he said. 

‘‘The notion that coordination will be 
difficult is exaggerated.” 

Mr. Issing also dismissed concerns 
that some nations included in the single 
currency would be lax in their anti- 
inflation policies. 

“The worry that some nations will 


conduct a less than responsible policy, 1 
consider that fully - unfounded," he 
said. 

Mr. Issing, often portrayed as a hawk 
on German interest-rate policy, ap- 
peared to throw cold water on heated 
financial-market expectations that the 
Bundesbank would soon raise' Ger- 
many’s record-low interest rates, which 
act as the benchmaricforother European 
economies. 

While inflat ion remains a distinct, 
worry and must be monitored, die central 
banker said, he does not expect an “ac- 
celeration of inflation” in the “several 
craning months.” He warned against 
“dramatizing” the inflation picture, and 
although Germany’s economic upswing 
has taken root more broadly and solidly 


than was the case at the start of the year, 
be said such critical sectors as capital 
investment and consumer demand still 
suffered, partly because of what he 
called persistent mistrust of Germany's 
ability torefonn its economy. 

Bonn’s recent failure to promote a 
sweeping tax reform also thwarted 
growth, Mr. Issing said. - 
‘ ‘For the German economy, this un- 
certainty lies like a fringes blight on the 

growth of a garden,” he said. 

Economists have argued that an early 
German interest-rate move could cause 
tensions in some nations, such as 
France, which -reluctantly would have 
need to match the German increase. 

See MEDIA, Page 15 


Judge Faults Toys R’ Us Bangkok Puts Brakes on Mass-Transit Project 


U.S. Panel Says Retailer Broke Antitrust Law 


Bloomberg News 

WASHINGTON — Toys *R’ Us 
Inc. violated antitrust laws by pres- 
suring toy manufacturers to keep 
some hot-iselting products out of die 
hands of discount retailers, a Federal 
Trade Commission administrative 
lawjudge ruled Tuesday. 

The decision upholds commission 
charges that the largest U.S. toy re- 
tailer illegally used its market power 
to thwart competition from low- 
priced warehouse clubs. 

The Federal Trade Commission 
udge, James Timony, issued an order 
sohibiting Toys *R’ Us from taking 
ictions to restrict the ability, of toy 
narmfactnrcra to sell their products to 
jther retailers. The judge also barred 
Toys TS.’ Us for five years from re- 
fusing to deal with a manufacturer 
because of sales to discount retailers. 

The ruling caps an administrative 
rial that started in March. .The Fed- 
eral Trade Commission filed its case 
* against Toys ’R’UsinMay 1996. Mr. 
Timony’s ruling, dated last Thursday, 
was made public Tuesday. 

Toys It 1 Us win appeal die ruling, 
a company spokeswoman said. The 
company can initially appeal to the 
agency's five-member commission. 

Toys *R* Us shares rose 25 cents to 
close at $35 JO. 

The case centered on allegations 


am : rc,K 


that the toy retailer violated antitrust 
laws by tailing manufacturers that it 
would rut sell toys that were also 
being offered by deep-discount 
stores, such as ftic&Costco foe. Toys 
*R* Us, the agency said, pressured 
Mattel Inc. ana other manufacturers 
to only offer popular toys to the dis- 
count retailers in more expensive 

r fwnhinafinti paplragag . 

The demands by Toys ’R’ Us, the 
trade commission alleged, unfeirfy 
hindered competition and resulted in 
higher prices tor consumers. 

For its part. Toys ’R* Us never 
denied dial it refused to sell toys 
offered at warehouse clubs. Instead, 
the retailer argued that the policy did 
not violate antitrust laws because 
Toys ’R" Us had a right to decide what 
it would sell in its stores. 

The company said dial it offered a 
full range of services that promoted 
the interests of toy manufacturers all 
year, and that it did not want its ad- 
vertising and other efforts to benefit 
competitors who were interested in 
selling only a few hot toys during die 
holiday shopping season. 

The administrative law judge re- 
jected that argument, saying that ad- 
vertising by manufacturers is die 
biggest factor in creating demand for 
toys, and that Toys/R’ Us received 
other benefits from its status. 


By Thomas Crampton 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

BANGKOK — The Thai capital's 
troubled mass-t ransi t project, an elev- 
ated road and rail network that would 
have relieved the city’s traffic-snoried 
streets, has readied the end of the road, 
Thailand’s .cabinet decided Tuesday. 

The g ov e rnm ent will cancel the $3.2 
billion contract it had with Gordon Wu, 
a Hong Kong ent repreneur, to boikl the 
network because his company, 
Hopewell Holdings Ltd., is over budget 
ana behind schedule, said Transport 

“Under the rontra^^opeweE has 
eight years to complete the project, 1 ’ Mr. 
Suwat said. “It is now the seventh year, 
and it is only lOjjercent complete.” 

The cancellation will be a blow not 
only to Mr. Wu, who is reported to have 
invested $500 milli on in the project, but 
to Bangkok's 10 million residents, who 
may remain without a mass-transit sys- 
tem. 

Mr. Suwat said Hopewell would be 
given notice of tee cancellation of the 
contract within two or three days. When 
threatened with cancellation of the proj- 
ect in the past, Hopewell has said it 
would sue for compensation. 

Investors were encouraged by 
Hopewell’s removal from tee tang-run- 
ning project that many see as an im- 
possible dream. The company's shares, 
which have lan guish ed in recent months, 
rose 22 J cents in Hong Kang, to close at 


4.70 Hong Kong dollars (61 cents). 

Mr. Wu, 6 1, the son of a Hong Koog 
taxi driver, has cultivated political con- 
nections and managed to create a re- 
gional infrastructure company that has 
put up power plants in the Philippines 
and built super-highways in China. 

At its peak, Hopewell had a reputation 


as a company that could complete in- 
frastructure projects anywhere m Asia. 

With the hart of work in Bangkok, 
however, tee company's greatest re- 
maining asset is the Guangzhou to 
Shenzen toll road in southern China. 

Mr. Wu, who promised to swim in 
Hong Kong harbor if one of his projects 
was not completed on time, enjoys fa- 
cing tremble with bravado. 

In Bangkok, however, even non-Eng- 
lish speaking residents trade bitter jibes 
about “Hopeless” Holdings as traffic 
sits bumper-to-bumper below tee proj- 
ect’s incomplete skeleton. 

A sprawling city with few streets and 
a fast-growing number of cars, 
Bangkok’s legendary traffic can turn a 
twenty -minute drive into a three-hour 
expedition. 

It was during a particularly slow trip 
from the airport to tee city center that 
Mr. Wu says he found inspiration for the 
elevated road and rail project While his 
car took longer to reach the city center 
than his Hong Kong flight took to reach 
Thailand, trains zipped past the 
crowded road. 

Following his vision, Mr. Wu asked 
for, and received, quick approval to 


construct, cm a build-operate-transfer 
basis, a 41-kilometer (25 .4-mile) elev- 
ated road and railroad running from the 
airport to tee city. . 

Eager to increase its popularity 
urmnn g the traffic jam-bound middle 
class, the government approved the proj- 
ect without demanding engineering fea- 
sibility studies, cost-benefit analyses 
and environmental-inmact assessments. 

The government mat approved the 
deal — and which later lost power in a 
corruption scandal • — warded the con- 
tract m loose toms that gave Mr. Wu'a 
‘great deal of negotiating power. 
Hopewell was allowed to start work 
without having secured complete own- 
ership of tee land and there was no strict 
timetable, as long as tee project was 
completed within five years. 

During r unning disputes over tee 
route of the project ana speed of con- 
struction, tee project turned into a long 
«aga of rinimg and counter- claims be- 
tween Mr. Wu and the government Mr. 
Wu blamed government instability for 
the delays. 

On his visits to Bangkok, Mr. Wu 
enjoyed counting the successive gov- 
ernments he had negotiated with. 

Since 1990, Thailand has had one 
coup and an average of one government 
per year, as well as numerous reshuffles 
at the head of the Ministry of Transport 
and Communication. 

No government has managed to re- 
move Mr. Wu from tee project, and last 
week, Mr. Wu slid he was not aware of 


any plans by tee Thai government to 
cancel Hopewell's contract 

“Unless I see it in writing, there is no 
cancellation. If they warn to cancel our 
contract they’re going to have to. send 
me & letter, he said. 

With Mr. Wu removed from tee pic- 
ture, tee Thai government could seek 
other ways to complete tire project 
But even if the government allowed 
the project to go forward under new 
terms, it would be difficult to ’complete 
the system in time for it to fulfill its 
int e nde d irrigainn as the mam transpor- 
tation hub for next year's Asian Games, 
which will be held in Bangkok. 

Mr. Suwat said some of the options 
being considered for the completion of 
the project included allowing Hopewell 
to seek new investors for tec system, or 
letting new investors begin negotiations 
with Hopewell. 

Alternatively, the government could 
allow the project to go forward on a 
turn-key basis, or let tee State Railways 
of Thailand assume responsibility for it, 
said Mr. Suwat 

The director-general of the Highways 
Department, Sateien Wongvichien, said 
Hopewell would be given 90 days to 
respond to tee cabinet's decision. * 

As for Hopewell, “this project has 
been a big blade hole,” Eddie Lan, a 
Hong Kong- analyst at ABN- AMRO 
Hoare -Govett Aria, told Bloomberg 
News. “Writing off 4 billion dollars 
could be a small price to pay if it brings 
investors back to HopewelL” 


Magazines Battle Advertisers 9 Arm-Twisting 


By Robin Pogrebin 

New York Times Service 


N EW YORK — Admittedly, 
Fortune magazine’s cover 
story about IBM’s Chairman 
and chief executive, Louis 
Gerstner Jr., described him as arrogant, 
brusque and obsessed with status. But 
it also hailed him for doing the job at 
IBM “better than anyone expected” 
and repositioning the company 
“against all odds.” 

Apparently, though, tee chief did not 
like the piece. And in perhaps tee most 
extreme example of what many 
magazine executives see as a troubling 
trend toward heavy editorial pressure 
from big advertisers, IBM struck back. 

In the months since the April article, 
IBM and its software subsidiary Lotus 
Development Corp. have pulled all 
their advertising, valued at $6 million a 
year, from Fortune. The company also 
has refused to return telephone calls 
from reporters at the m aga z ine. For- 
tune is frozen out. 

‘ * We hope that IBM comes back as a 
customer of Fortune,” said Don Logan, 
president and chief executive of Time 
Inc., which publishes the magazine. 
“IBM is a good customer of Time Inc., 
and Time Inc. and Time Warner are 
good customers of IBM; and we need 
access to tee people at CBM to get their 
views on technology coverage?’ 

But Mr. Logan would not tack down. 
“Fortune magazine’s mission is to cov- 
er tee world of business,” he said. 



The 

Holy Terror ~ 
Who’s 
Saving 

IBM 


-by £>?ty Mcsri 


IBM declined to comment 
This kind of advertiser strong-arm- 
ing has so concerned tee magazine 
industry that editors and publishers 
have united in protest 
Last week, the Magazine Publishers 
of America, the trade group that rep- 
resents nearly 1,200 titles, and the 
American Society of Magazine Ed- 
itors, which represents editors of more 
than 860 magazines, issued a joint 
statement urging magazines not to 
“submit table ofcoutents, text or pho- 
tos from upcoming issues to advert- 
isers for prior review.” 

Such practices, the statement 
wanted, may “at die very least create 


timately could undermine editorial in- 
dependence.” 

Concerns about advertiser interfer- 
ence have been mounting since at least 
February, when Esquire magazine re- 
portedly pulled a piece of fiction by 
David Leavitt from its April issue, 
fearing teat tee story’s description of 
gay sex would offend Chrysler Cozp. 
and prompt tee company to pull four 

. Pa ^squireVtaIitorm chief at tee time, 
Edward Kosncr, said he had killed tee 
story as a matter of taste. But Esquire’s 
literary editor. Will Blythe, resigned in 
protest, saying the magazine had caved 
in to corporate concerns. 

In a subsequent article about tee 
Esquire controversy. The Wall Street 
Journal cited a letter sent to 100 major 
magazines last year by Chrysler’s me- 
dia-buying agency, Pentacom, requir- 
ing advance notice of “any ana all 
editorial content teat encompasses 
sexual, political, social issues or any 
editorial that might be construed as 
provocative or offensive.” 

The letter — which demanded a 
magazine’s signature of acknowledg- 
ment — went .on to ask that editorial 
summaries outlining coming themes 
and articles be sent to the company 
before a publication went to press “to 
give Chrysler ample time to review and 
reschedule if desired.” 

Most of the recipients denied having 

See MEDIA, Page 19 




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Sept. 30 


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1-T«» Sn*»-4 3Wk-3>VWl'1ta-19i>7V>f7V«m-3Vii K-U 4U-4U 

Sources: Riutin Unfits Bans. 

tote ajvAaiMi fa Uerbank deposits of St aOtiaa mMmum (oreouMenO. 


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tafcft NX 33250 +550 

Leaden XXJS 332.10 +550 

NewTo* 33040 33450- +650 

tm&mg prices; WewTWcCtwier 
tOccJ 

SaunxRcvkn. I 


Global Private Banking 


SPECIALIZE IN 


RELATIONSHIP BANKING. 
THE LONG-TERM KIND. 


In this age of electronic mail and digital 
everything, private tanking Ly Republic is still a 
matter of personal relationships. 

W* believe, and kave always believed, tk at our 
numker one job is to build a close, enduring 
relationship with each private hanking client. 

In fact, it's one of the main reasons for 
NuiZwhtlJl Republic's success, worldwide. 

S..I. n# (wfiTU. » n If. «,1 I- 1. 

As a Republic private banking client 
you bave your own personal Account Officer, someone 
you can count on to look after your interests. He's 
there to evaluate investment opportunities, warn you 
against pitfalls, and make certain your instructions. 
are carried out to the letter. 

It is a long-term relationship based on genuine 
concern and commitment - the rare combination 
that makes Republic a truly one-of-a-kind bank. 



VorU lU'uJifuartm of 
KepulJh- •Vrtlhmir/ Itoob of 

New Imi ft in .V«r Yurie. 


HI Republic National Bank of Neiw York” 

Strength. Security. Service. 

A Sifn llinh • Nm Yurt ■ li'iiwj * I juidmi ■ llvipii^ • IWrul • IWrl; I IUU • Hikihm ASnv • L'jyiiun ltLiuh » C<ifwiiilvi|fan ■ Oiliwlur 
L<inwni*cy - lliiihi * lw Au^S-kv - - l,u^fiilMMir<S • M+uiU . Mnin, I'ilv - M*m m i . Milan • > 1110 !+' I'+rlti - Miiiilrviclvn ' 

MihiIivjI * Minim • Njkiii • JVrin • IVrtli • I'tinU il <4 liulf ■ Kin 1 I 0 iHiirim - SuiiIm#, ■ Sin^ipiirv * Sytlmr\ • Tji|M * Tnlm, ■ 'IimihIo - Xurv,-I, 


*'K>t<iU> Xdfc-fi.il lunt .4 Nm 


1 






PAGE 14 


30-Year T-Bond Yield 





u - ■ 120 



A M J J A S 
1997 

' * a»' 


r 110 A M J J A S 
, 1997 


, r'&Vir . x r-v 









'figjpjfp*, V 9:'^ W-- ¥i 

W*-* 









9 rg, Reuters 


|B | fi| f9t ii^ j| Hcfki Tri|y|f 



.JS**"* 


HVTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 

THE AMERICAS 


Hilton Wins a Round in Takeover Attempt 

JTTs Stock Rises After Court Says Shareholders Must Vote on Proposals 


{..H- j | l 


Bloomberg News 

NEW YORK — rrr Cmp/s 
shares jumped after Hilton Hotels 
Corp., which has made a hostile bid 
for the company, won a key coon 
decision, potting press ore on ITT’s 
chairman, Rand Ara&kog. to put up 
more money to sway investors. 

Late Monday, a judge blocked 
ITT ’s plan to split into three compa- 
nies without getting shareholder ap- 
proval, a pivotal component of its 
defense against Hilton’s $11 .5 bil- 
lion takeover attempt ITT is re- 

a uired to hold a shareholder vote by 
fov. 14. 

Mr. Araskog needs to devise a 
new plan that is more attractive to 
investors than the $70 a share 
offered by Stephen Bollenbach, 
Hilton’s chief executive. He could 
increase ITTs stock tender offer to 


as much as $80 a share and raise 
cash by selling assets such as HTs 
telephone-book business, investors 
and analysts said 

“ITT will work like beavers to 
come up with a new proposal," said 
Jim Muiren, analyst at Deutsche 
Morgan GrenfeLL which owned 
about 31,800 shares of ITT at the 
end of June. "It’s a good day for 
sh areh olders." 

ITT shares closed at $67.75, np 
$5.25. The shares traded as high as 
$68 during the day. Hilton’s shares 
rose $1.5625, to $33.6825. 

ITT bad hoped its breakup plan 
would keep Hilton at bay in a bitter 
fight that is stretching into its ninth 
month. U.S. District Judge Philip 
Pro. however, said ITT was vio- 
lating its responsibility to investors 
by denying mem a vote. 


ITT could appeal the decision, 
although analysts said it was un- 
likely to do so because it would 
make ITT appear it were running 
from shareholders. Moreover, TIT 
said it respected the judge’s ruling. 

Hilton, which operates hotels and 
Bally ’s casinos, offered $55 a share, 
or $1 0 J5 billion, in January. In Au- 
gust, it raised its bid to $70 a share 
in cash arid stock, or SI 1.5 billion 
with assumed debt 

ITT has refused to negotiate with 
Hilton, In July, ITT said it planned 
to raise the value of its shares by 
separating its botel-casino, techni- 
cal-school and international-tele- 
phonc-directoiy businesses. 

ITT also said it would bay back a 

quarter of its shares at $70 each for 
$2.1 billion and about half of its 
debt for another $2 billion. 


The plan also called for the mem- 
bers of die board of the hotel and 
gaming company to serve staggered 
terms, making it more difficult to 
win a takeover battle by defeating 
incumbent board members in a 

proxy fight 

To woo investors, il l could 
choose to sell assets such as its tele- 


Regis hotel. Mr. Muiren said. 

In April, ITT received an offer 
from a Dutch publishing company 
to buy its phone-book unit for as 
much as $2.2 billion, an amount 
investors said was significantly 
above what they had expected. 

Hilton has been wanting to ac- 
quire rrrs Sheraton Hotels and 
Caesars World casinos. 


Chain Serving Pulchritude Must Hire Men 


Very briefly; 

• WorldCom Inc. is holding talks to buy a local telephone 
company, Brooks Fiber Properties Inc., for mare than $1.9 
billion, or $50 a share, according to people familiar with the 
negotiations. The transaction, which could be announced this 
week, would mark the latest effort by WorldCom, the fourth- 
largest long-distance telephone company in the United States, 
to expand through acquisitions. The company agreed last 
month to buy CompuServe Corp. ’s on-line service for almost 
$ 1.2 billion in stock. 

• Motorola Inc. said it had developed a technique that re- 
placed aluminum wiring with copper interconnects in in- 
tegrated circuits, resulting in smaller and faster chips. In- 
ternational Business Machines Corp. recently said it had 
developed a way to wire computer chips with copper instead 
of aluminum. 

■ Canada’s output of goods and services expanded a larger- 
than-expected 0.8 percent in July because of strong gains by the 
mining, manufacturing and retail industries. Real, tff inflation- 
adjusted, gross domestic product expanded to 57S.4 billion 
C anadian dollars ($416.8 billion) from June’s revised figure of 
570.7 billion dollars and rose 4.4 percent from a year eariier. 

• Brazil’s trade deficit almost crip led to $1.1 billion in the first 
four weeks of September because of declining soybean ex- 
ports, the Trade Ministry said. The September trade shortfall 
rose from $315 million in August The trade gap was in line 
with economists’ expectations. 

• Donna Karan International Inc. said it planned to take a 
fourth-quarter pretax charge of about $30 milli on and to license 
cosmetics to Estee Lauder Cos. in apian to restructure its ailing 
beauty business. Donna Karan said dial without the restruc- 
turing, its beauty company would lose $7 million next year. 

• Global TeleSystems Group Inc. said it had filed a re- 

gistration statement with the U.S. Securities and Exchange 
Commission for an initial public offering to sell $200 million 
of its common stock. Underwriters have an option to buy as 
much as an additional $30 millio n to cover overallotments, if 
any. the company said. (Bloomberg, Reuters} 


AMEX 


The Associated Press 


CHICAGO — The restaurant ported Tuesday. 


taurams, the Chicago Sun-Times re- Dec. 25, 1990, and June 1 this 


chain Hooters has agreed to 
$3.75 million to settle a lawsuit 


Three Chicago-area men sued 
Hooters after being denied employ- 


by men who wens denied employ- meat at an Orland Park, Illinois, 
meat by the restaurant chain, which is restaurant They will each receive 
known forits voluptuous and scantily $19,100 in the settlement. 


Dec. 25, 1990, and June 1 this year, quietly dropped its own four-year 
. Hooters also agreed to pay $1.75 investigation of the complaints, say- 
million to the plaintiffs’ lawyers in ing it ted better cases to purs ue, 
the class-action case and will create Hooters originally defended its 
two positions at its restaurants that failure to hire men in the contested 
can be filled by either men or worn- positions, saying it was "providing 


dad female bartenders and servers. Four men who filed a similar law- what sort of unfform male employ- addin g that 

while there will be men waiting suit in Maryland will be awarded ees would wear.- Female employees bona fide act 
on Hooters customers in die future, $10,350 each. The rest of a $2 mil- wear halter tops and short mods. It cited all 
tiie agreement also provides that lion stun will be split among men The settlement comes mere than a boy bunnies 
women will still makeup the bulk of who sought hosting, bartending or year after the federal Equal Em- high-kicking 
the serving staff at the chain’s res- serving jobs with Hooters between ployment Opportunity Commission Rockettes. 


en. The newspaper did not indicate vicarious sexual recreation" and 
what sort of uniform male employ- adding that "female sexuality is a 
ees would wear. - Female employees bona fide occupation. ’ * 
wear halier tops short shorts. It cited all-female jobs like Play- 

The settlement comes mere than a boy bunnies and members of the 
ar after the federal Equal Em- high-kicking dance troupe the 


Dollar Extends Slide Against the Yen on Trade Fears 


Cteifaiaf tf OurStoffFnmt Dufmbet 

NEW YORK — The dollar ex- 
tended its slide against the yen Tues- 
day on speculation that a closely 
watched survey of business senti- 
ment may show Japanese manufac- 
turers more confident titan previ- 
ously expected and on concern over 
Japan's trade surplus. 

The quarterly tankan survey, to 
be released Wednesday, is expected 
to show that managers are becoming 
more pessimistic about their pros- 
pects. Still, some traders were bet- 
ting the report might counter that 


Meanwhile, the U.S. Treasury 
secretary. Robert Rubin, told a con- 
gressional meeting Tuesday that Ja- 
pan's swelling trade surplus re- 
mained a “problem’ ’ for the United 
States, keeping alive concern that 


administration officials might soon 
soften their support for the dollar's 
strength. 

"Some traders were nervous and 
protected themselves against -the 

possibility the Tankan will be 

stronger than expected," said Seth 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE 

Garrett, director of foreign ex- 
change and chief currency trader at 
Credit Suisse First Boston. Also, "if 
not far trade friction, dollar-yen 
would be higher," he said. 

Mr. Rubin also said he saw no 
signs of inflation reigniting in the 
United States, though he added that 
there was “always a danger of com- 
placency." Federal Reserve Board 
policymakers, meeting Tuesday, 
fulfilled market expectations and 


left U.S. interest rates unchanged. 

In late New York trading die dol- 
lar was at 120375 yen, down from 
120.820 yen Monday. 

The dollar slipped to 1.7601 
Deutsche marks from 1.7620 DM on 
speculation that the Bundesbank 
migh t raise interest rates in coming 
weeks, even as it left them un- 
changed Tuesday. 

"The knee-jerk reaction to no ac- 
tion by the Bundesbank was to buy 
dollars," said Kevin Lawrie, man- 
ager of foreign exchange at Mellon 
Bank in Pittsburgh. "But it’s still 
going to happen. The fact that it 
hasn’t makes a rate rise more likely 
next time." 

Higher German interest rates tend 
to hurt the dollar by making mark 
deposits and bonds more attractive. , 

Mr. Lawrie also said that the tim- 


ing of his statement had exacerbated 
fears of a sharply weaker tankan 
survey. 

"It’s really just played on (hose 
fears," he said, "and while we’ve 
been edging lower in dollar-yen nil 
day as tankan overshadows the mar- 
ket, tins seems to have caused a 
negative turn in sentiment." 

Against the French franc, the dol- 
lar eased to 5.9084 francs from 
5.9170. Against die Swiss franc, it 
slipped to 1.4480 from 1.4540. The 
pound rose to $1.6190 from $1.6100 
the day before. 

The Australian dollar rose after 
government reports showed the 
economy may be improving fast 
enough to keep the central bank 
from cutting interest rates. 

(AFX, Bloomberg J 


As Fed Leases 
Rates Intaet 


c.mfd*ito&*snrFK*a*mk j. 

NEW YORK— Share prices fefl- 
Toesday after the Federal Reserve 
Board, as expected, dccided m* to 
combat inflationary premies by 
raising interest rates to .dbw the 
economy. . 

The Dow Jones inauitiaLaver- 
age fell 46.17 points to dose at 
7,945.26 after having bobbed above 
the 8,000 mark. The 30-stock nutex 

quickly pulled back in the Rfifcnuon 
after the Fed m e eting ended with no 

us.stocksY 

change in the central bftjik’g key 
lending rates. Advancing issues 
outnumbered dechners by* 4-to-3 
ratio on the New Yak Seek Ex- 
change. The Standard;. 9s ■. Poor’s 
500-stock index fell 6.06 Wclosq at 
947.28. 

The technology-heavy Nasdaq 
composite index iost9.30aj close at 
1,685.68 as all tech stocks were 
pressured by warnings lateMooday 
about disappointing profits ar As- 
cend Communications and Western 
Digital. 

Ascend, a computer networking 
concern, was down sharply as the 
most active Nasdaq issue. Western 
Digital, a manufacturer of computer 
disk drives, also was down on the 
Big Board. 

Few analysts had expected a 
change in monetary policy by die 
Fed, which has not raised any of its 
key lending rates since March, 
when it was feared that the econ- 
omy was expanding at an infla- 
tionary pace. 

fri a report that supp orted argu- 
ments that economic growth may be 
easing enough to keep inflation in 
check, the Commerce Department 
said new-home sales fell 23 per- 
cent in August, a drop that was 
somewhat larger than expected. A 
business research group, however. ‘ 
reported that consumer confidence 
edged higher in September. 

The report by the Conference 
Board suggested continued demand 
pressures that could posh factory 
wages — and retail prices — high- 
er. Bonds fell as traders locked past 
the Fed's decision and looked in- 
stead to reports this week on jobs 
and manufacturing that may show 
die economy remains robust 

The benchmark bond fell 11/32, 
or $3.44 per $1,000 bond, to 99 18/ 
32, pushing its yield up to 6.41 
percent from 638 percent 

(AP, Market News, Bloomberg) 


. , 

Yi, r,ik- 


, i * 1 


Ml MtJ 




'.mAii.:.' ; 


U. S. STOCK MARKET DIARY 


INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 


Tuesday's 4 P.M. Close 

The top 300 most odfw shores 
up to the dosing on WaH Street 

The Associated Press. 


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1 Q .18 10-1 10-13 

orp Q .10 10-15 10-31 

d Q J18 10-17 71-1 

. . C J3 10-15 , 11-1 

■oud Wfli ana uuuimI to 


S -155 10-18 11-15 
.10 11-15 IMS 

O JQ 10-10 10-24 
0 .0825 10-6 10.14 
Q .155 10-9 10-24 
Q .13 10-3 10-17 

Manaaalpar 

htGanMnBlandv 


OLS Asia fa .1264 10-2 10-24 

HMgiADR 

STOCKSPUT 
Haftsr Marine Gcp 3 for 2 «p«L 
Integral Inc 2 far lipBL 
Total Ranai Core 5 tar 3 *p8L 
Vknfen Corp 3 far2 apnr. 

REVERSE STOCK SPUT 
BMh HokOnvs 1 tar lOwrerw spltt. 

INCREASED 

FejCarSuftelfoMa 0 JSS 10-1S 10J1 

Fortune Brands 0 21 11-12 12-1 

INITIAL 

InlB^Telliicrt - .01 12-31 MS 


Stock Tables Explained 

Sales egures an uoofWoL Ywrty Mghs aid lam rafled the pmtaos S2 weens pfuk Ihe 
ai/rant week, but ntfttw lete« treduip day. WMfeasp(5ord{x3<iMI«nboriiocrrTtfoolo25 
peiceirt or mom (us been paid, the yean MgtHcwranse mid OhMend are stxTMrnfarttw new 
stadts only. Untmothefwbe noted, rips of dMdeods are mmuatdisbuisemiTita based on 
thetoMdeckiRdlon. 

a-dMderm oboebro Cs).b-urmioliTrteoftWderel ptusslodiiflvWinde-BouklotiTifl 
•IMdindes- PE ew*eds99^W -ajUed.il- new yeariylow 88 -hBftl the hal 12 moolfis. 
■ ■ dividend dedorad or paid M preceding 12 month*, f* annual ratG iaaeoMd on tat 
dedamflan. g - iflvktettd in Ouadan fundi, iubfedlo 1 5% nofwesldenctfiK. i 'dMdud 
dedarad after spUnip orstodtCMdamL | -dMdend paid ItUfl yem ondiM deferred or no 
acdon tnJwi at kdect dtvWend meeting, k . dhridend dedand or paid this year, an 
twwnukitftia issue with dMdands kianeocs.m-Bmwfl rate, reduced on tat dgdMBtkm. 
n -new issue in the pad 52 weeks. Tlw MgtHaw range baflln* wflfa fhe start of trodlnfl. 
nd -next day delivery, p - MMol dMdend amod mbs udmown. pyu- ptloManttiss ratio, 
q -doscdwnd nurtualfuad. r- dhridend dedared orpoW in precedng 13 monthfc plus stock 
dMdemts- stock spm.OMdandboRrawim dBt8flfipB.db-ale&1-iiMdand paktin 
stock In pieeedlnB 12 monftA tsUmded cash value on aiHMdend oriowitetrlbiitlondote. 
8-newyeartyhlBKV'tnidbiolKiltod.irt-lnboiiknipteyariweelveniilporbebHiinHRantied 
underlie 8onkniptcyAd. orseaiittfes attumed by such companies, wd - when dwtlbutad. 
wl - Whm lauwV ww - wtti wanwita- x - ewdhMend or anlaMs. sis - BHbMbufefl. 
sw - withe irt wamnits. y- es-tfivUend and sales to loll |W - yloUL I - solas En ML 


Sept. 30, 1997 

H0 Law Infest Cfage OpH 

Grains 

comitcBon 

&000 Mi mUMoa- cenh perfauahW 
OtcfT 2 59ft 257ft 257k -1 194622 

MorOB 2681* 286M 266U -It 63896 

Mayto 273 271ft 271ft -1 UM8 

MR 277 275ft 27Sft -ft 27,753 
Sep 98 -272 2701* 271ft unetL Z06S 

DtcW 271ft 270ft 271 Uldl 17328 

Jul9f 284 mdt 124 

EsL takes 5M00 Monk sate 57,125 
Mote opwi M 3224IIV up Ufi 

SOYBEAN MEAL (CBOn 
TOO k»B- <fc*ara per ton 
0097 2KL40 20400 20540 -410 1&875 

D«97 20040 196* 19705 J.10 4U84 
Jon 99 197 JO 195* I9S.7B -3.10 14375 
Mar 98 195 JO 19280 192.90 -Z40 11299 
Mar W 19480 19100 192J0 -250 14170 
JW9S 190.00 19450 19480 -120 4513 

EsL ten 34000 Mm sate 2ft418 
Mm open Mil 4844 up 142S 

SOYBEAN OIL tCHOT) 

«aoo B»- ends a*r ■> 

Od97 2384 2335 2380 *OJ* 4142 

Dec 97 2417 2157 2387 *0.13 54429 

Jan 98 2135 23L76 2405 +089 14914 

MarM 2448 33.94 3422 4080 9,123 

Mot5W 3455 23-99 2432 +0.14 4946 

JefW 24*0 2409 2435 *0.13 5.173 

EsL sate 24000 Mm irtes 2M06 
Mm open M 99 J» up 9M89 

SOYBEANS (CBOTl 

MOO bu nktet. aom, pw faUhet 

Nov 97 at OO 621ft -5ft 104266 

Jon VH 631U 635 62514 -SW 2A4U 

Mnrw 637 *31 ft 633 -Sft 13173 

May98 645 641 641ft -5 11J35 

8498 652 648 ■ 649 -4ft 10429 

EsL sate 40000 Man sate 4U» 

Mote open hi 164164 ep £820 

WHEAT (CBOTl 

4000 W mteanm- cants pwbnsM 
Dec 97 361 354 3S4ft -4ft 62818 

Mar 98 374 360 368ft -4 2457B 

MorW 301 375M 37611 -3ft 4118 

Jut 98 381 375 377 -» 11,123 

Est sate 14000 Mm sate 14444 
Mars open U 107,454 up 355 

Uvastock 

CATTLE tCMHB 
4CW00 te- cate per ib. 

00 97 68A2 6740 67* 4L5B 14*1 

Dee 97 60.10 67JB7 *7.10 -077 37.WB 

Feb 98 *67 69-77 6965 -0* 16.157 

AJX"* 7X32 72JH 72.95 -052 10216 

Joe 98 7035 6930 6937 -0.42 4823 

Aug9B 70.1 S 89J90 W30 -450 £100 

Est sites 14228 Mate sate 14173 
Mm open IM92J8& up 145 

FEEDER CATTUI (CMER) 

SUMO Mr cants per fe. 

Od 97 7X40 77AS 7795 -OJ7 4316 

Nov 97 7940 JttJS 7832 -072 +189 

JDD98 8060 7960 7947 -037 1473 

Mur 98 8037 7935 79X7 4187 1,743 

Aar 93 «U5 7960 79M 4J.TO 660 

May9S 81.15 8050 8040 -050 683 

Est tote 4655 Mott softs 147 4 
Mote open H 1437ft Dp 113 

HOGMjmtCMER) 

4MOO rWL- cants per to. 

Oct 97 4857 67* 6750 -752 MS 

Dec 97 6555 6342 6X4Z -250 TV246 

FefaSB 6435 6150 6150 -250 4347 

Apr 98 60.95 S9X® 99M 1-75 U91 

Junto 6759 6543 65* -1.12 1403 

Est tees 12.942 Mon soles 4756 
Mon. open H2M5* up 699 

PORK BELLIES (CMER) 

4M00 8*b- Gents per 14 

M>90 6450 62.00 6X53 +057 4456 

Marne 63J5 61.95 6Xa2 +0L2I SIS 

May 98 64* 6X40 64.90 +1* 114 

E*. tee* X57S Mote sales 19SS 

Mm opto M 42VL Up 3H 

Pood 

COCOA (NCSE) 

lOmelrtcMnftSpertDn 

Dee 97 1*» 76SS 1679 -3 40889 

MIT98 1721 1686 1711 -1 24478 

» M 1740 1710 1731 -1 1X034 

I 1762 IMS 1750 -1 1X75 

Sep 98 1775 1767 1767 -1 45U 

Dec98 1790 1784 1784 -I 4716 

EM. sate 4536 Mars scOm 4613 
MmaptnlntlOUUup439 


37,900 Hu- oats par II 
Dec 97 16L5D U0J» 16130 +1* 11618 
Mom 15250 14950 15150 +150 4449 
May98 14475 14400 14440 +1 A L954 
Mto 141* 13MS 141* -9140 UK 
Sep 98 137* 13500 13440 +1* SOB 
Estates 4336 Mon softs 9,491 
Mom open tat 2X734 up 268 

5UCARW0RLD 11 (MCSE) 

UXOOOBhl- cart* peril. 

Mar 90 1140 11J0 I1JM unch. 94241 

May98 11* 1142 1148 *01 24260 

Julto 11-57 1147 1141 4M 14105 

0098 1146 1149 1140 4US 14991 

EM. tees 21446 Mm nte 34919 
Momepen IM16X304 0EX369 


Mgft Lflei Latest Chge OpM 

OSANCE JUICE OtCTIO 
lfLODO fa|A mils EMT Bl 
MB* 97 7410 7145 7Z10 +040 17,919 

Jem to 7475 7455 7500 +040 10.142 

Morn 7940 7740 77 JS +0JS 7423 

May 98 81.90 8000 8040 +048 1.714 

Est sate 4000 Mars rate X184 
Moteepai W37JBL up 148 

Metals 

BOLD (NCMJQ 

100 tray ot- dalas per nmrcc. 

0097 33540 32&00 31430 +620 4993 
Hot 97 +t_50 

Dec 77 337* 3*U!Q 33690 +450 114008 

Fe698 33940 33140 338* +6AP 14884 

Apr 98 34140 33160 34800 +440 4825 

Junto 34240 31940 34X00 +440 4*51 

Ate 98 343* +640 4705 

<W9B 34400 +640 470 

Deere 34940 347* 348.10 +640 4377 

Est tees 84000 Atom sate 34195 
MBte open bit 197442, off 864 

HI ®«ADE COPPER WCNUa 

14000 R&- oats pv b. 

od 97 98* 9545 9545 040 3*1 

No* 97 99* 9540 9445 -245 L946 

Dec 97 9940 9490 97* -245 24618 

Jap 98 98.90 9440 97.00 -245 1*0 

Feb 98 9945 97* 97* -2.15 U79 

Mor 96 99.1S 96* 97* -2* 4.927 

Aprto 9480 -1*1 919 

Mor98 98* 9465 9465 -1.9* 2463 

Junto. 98* 9640 9440 -l.-S 869 

Est teas 18*0 Mate sdes 21497'™ 

A»OW open 011 4964k op 47424 

SILVER (NCM70 

softer <Kr ants per tray bl 

0097 S2SM0 51430 5UL70+12* 78 

HowW 521* +11* 

Dec 97 533* 507* 52X* +12* 64137 
Jan re 53400 524* 52170 +U* 23 

Morn 5alM» 51M0 529-90 +1190 VL541 

IVtayre 542* 53340 53340+12* 1261 

J«49B SOM 535* 5X7.10 +11* 2*6 

Sep 98 540* 537* 540* +11* 648 

EM tees 35*0 66m soles 44368 
Mote open M 90*4 up 8*4 


PLATINUM CNNIERJ 
50 troy tsu- damn jar boy at 
Ocf 97 435* 428* 43X50 +1* 

Jm98 434* 427.10 431J0 +4* 
Apr* 424* 421* 426* +4* 
Jeito 420* +4* 

Estates TLA. Mom safe 7*4 
Mm open let U98X up sn 

Him Pi 

LONDON METALS 060} 
□oOtepernskfctaa 


163916 1633* 1634* 
wwwl 1MH4 1641ft 1640* 1641* 
COMST Odfewte (HU Srato) 

SOT 712100 3134* 2145* 7144* 

fttwrt 2153* 2154* 2166* 2167* 

£** . 640JJ 641ft 644* 641* 

Farten t 645* 646* «»<« 662* 

Sprt^ 6770* 6780* 6950* 6980* 

ranted 6860* 6870* 7040* 7060* 

3“* »35* 5440* 5640* 5650* 

Fjkvanl 5675* SCIO* 5680* 9690* 

ZbcOpeclalHMi Crape) 

Spot 1435* 1438* 1604* 1609* 

ranted 1357* 1358* 1424* 1425* 

High Low c tee Chge OpM 

Financial 

UITBaUQCMEiO 
SI raBao- pis ef MOOT. 

Ose?7 94* 9497 94* undL 4*0 

94* 9497 9497 -OOl XID4 

JunM 9490 undL 152 

Est sate 384 Men tees <38 
Mom opn lit 4304 up 44 

SYRTREASURYtCaon 

naa*0 prtvpla 4 648ft of WO pd 

Dec 97 W7-K 10748 107-26 -04 232*7 

FM s at es 4X865 Mm stes 14568 

M«r» open tat 23KW, off 4296 

li YR TREASURY (CBOTl 


pecw iiD-13 nwo nw»* -04399*3 

MarM MMl 109-21 109dS -06 12*3 

Junto 109-14 -04 1 

EsL sate 64565 Man tew 27J10 
Mm open W 3*1734 01110581 

III TREASURY BONK KRtfn 
a jxMlMMOLpts ARM Ml* pd) 

Dec 77 115-26 11504 115* -11 61X310 

MVM 11523 11427 115* -10 3 1436 

. u«p -n 2 m 

SM9B 114-14 -11 1.906 

M teat 285*0 Mate idfsUUM 
Mote open int *59,1 94 off 17,711 

LONftSUJaiPFQ 

+0*173*8 

MarM 11909 11571 UfOf +006 M 
77*1 Pm. softs 84211 
Pie*, open ML: 171262 Ml 4713 

OERMAN SOV. BUND (UPPB1 
DM2500* -plsaliqOpd 

Dec 77 10X01 1ISJ2 HD* +021 284216 

Mor 98 mat us* +033 mu 

». softs: lXUte nwcsMM 100762 
Ptet. apse tat- J9IA94 up 4786 


mgfa LOT Ltest Chge optnt 

18-YEAR FRENCH 60V. BONDS (MATIR 
FESDOOU - Dhd 100 OT 
Dec 97 99* 99* 99J4 +036 13X833 

Morto 99.14 98.90 99.12 +036 W 
Eta. sate; 89,433. 

Open 64:137*0 alf 7*1. 

rTAJJAN GOVERNMENT BOND (UFFEl 
m.2* nMon - pbadWpd 
Dec 97 11X16 111* 111* +032 11X9* 
Mar 98 112* 112* 111* +032 . L3W 
EsL sales: 57,453. Prsv. teen 57*9 
Pie*, open te: 120210 off 7,154 

LIBOR 1-660 NTH (CMER) 

s3mMM-phanoapd. 

Od97 906 9434 9435 With. 2X456 

NO* 97 9432 9431 9432 WKh. 31*1 

Dec 97 9414 9414 9415 andt 8*0 

EsL stes 7338 Mm stes 4014 
Mote open tat 72AI9, off 180 

EURODOLLARS (CMER) 
nirtte+otsaneiijict 
Od 97 9424 9422 9423 unch. 2X539 

Dec 97 9418 9415 9417 each. 590553 

Mar* 9412 9409 9410 -0.01 402,178 

Jen 98 9403 9199 Psm -0jJi 314323 

top* 9195 9190 9192 -OOl 240.100 

Dec 98 9183 9179 9160 -OXB 214956 

Mor 99 9182 9377 9339 -0* 147872 

Junto 9178 9X73 9X74 4UD 11X110 
Sep 99 9174 9330 9171 -002 9X523 

Dec 99 9168 9343 9X64 -002 84383 

Mar* 91* 9363 9X64 -0-02 7X092 

Am* 9X65 9X60 93* 41* 59319 

EsL sate 43X931 Mm sate 1 9X755 
Mate open tat X69XS41, up 7*6 

BRITISH POUND (CMER) 

6X500 pound* * per pound 

pec 97 14120 14042 14114+0*42 2X097 

Mar* 14030+0*42 235 

■kmw 1*88+0*42 27 

EsL stes 4839 Mam tees 4J72 

Mote open M 2X359, off 145 

CANADIAN DOLLAR (CMER) 
law* dates, t per CM. tar 
©3-9? ,m& J2 60 JVtMSXm 44X18 

Mar 9 b J322 -7290 7302+0*08 1461 

J*M 91 jxa 33X3 J324+OJW7 429 

Est. sate X141 Aim sales 4096 
Mm open bi 4X*l. off 4* 

OERMAH MARK (CMER) 

"Ml * » per w* 

-SS -SS -SK+2® 1 5Mn 

M*W JS/36 -5717 A736+OJXI01 1334 

AM* -5766 J754 J766+OJN0I Z5U 

». softs 1X8* Mens sate 11451 
Mom open W 61.137, off 2*9 

JAPANESE YEN (CMER) 

7X341 

Morto JM84 JUa ASSM+OiSMO 790 

Am 98 *18+0*41 165 

Bd. staes HUB! Mom stes 4059 
Mm open W 74297, off 1 23 

SWISS FRANC (CMER) 

jaWMWfcSperftwK 

DK97 4968 4918 4*6+0*17 34124 

A*1 98 .7092+0*17 175 

EH. Ste s 7JP9 Man teas 5440 

Mm open tat 37421 off 1,158 

MEMCAN PESO (CMER) 

50X000 pesew S per peM 

S«g JJ® .1£»+*349 24130 

MflrjB .12195 .12070 .12T07 +j 00461 iip 
AM 98 .117* .11700 .11735+ *461 U74 

gdjolas 7jRMon sate 4136 
Mm open Inf 3X68Xoff39 

EJWaJNC (UPFD 

ESOttOW-phOf lOOpd 

.K is %% S3 tsssss 

SB p 83 S?S!!E!iK 

^ to ^ s 

AMW ^3J0 93J4 9X26 —0,04 ]uu 

S*99 93M 93* 9140 

EM- sales: 12Xf2a Prav.sate: m w o 
Phi*, open let; M9Jse arr xaii**^ 


si « If SS ds *28 

BS » P SS 3SS8S 

I IP ill 
&wWjP-“ 

ss m I 8 ss 

«:a a 

Open tat: 214914 up 2^85, 

98*1 


High Low LoM Chge OpM 

Morto 9449 9460 MAS +402 97428 

Am H 9S.11 95* 95A7 +0* 1X988 
SspM 9X22 9S.H 9117 +0* 5*473 
Dec 90 9SJ0 9X10 9X15 +0* 4X135 
Mor99 9X10 95* 9X07 +0.04 24013 
Estates: 5X99L Pte. stes: 8L354 
Prsw. open BA: 416*4 off 4663 

Industrial! 

COTTON 2 CNCm 
scum te- certs per ft. 

Ota 97 7090 6940 6940 -!.M 67 

Dec 97 73* 71 JO 71* -1J4 47^49 

Morto 7425 73.10 73.16 -1.14 15*3 

Mm to 7485 73* 73* -1.10 4691 

Julto 7X35 7455 7457 -1* 4348 

EsL tees 35*0 Mote Met 4196 
Ato m open M8476X up 434 

HEATING OIL (MMER) 

4X000 ooL csoft oer Dot 
Mm 97^5970 *51140 5X77 -048 47*8 
Dec 97 6040 59* 59 JO 41* 2X212 

Junto 60* 6X10 6025 4U5 31*0 

Fei> 98 60JB5 60* 60* 41* 1X557 

Morto 5995 59* 5945 4L15 X551 

A-98 5X10 57AS 5725 4L15 4*8 

98 5645 5450 56JD -X15 1901 

EsL state ltA. Mono sdes 5X010 
MORS OpM M15Q40X Off 4*4 

UCHT 5WEET CRUDE 0I3KR) 
umwUdaBanperbbL 
Hw 97 21* 21.15 21.11 -0*10X947 

Dec77 31* 21 AS 21.12 4LSS 78*4 

Jan 98 2128 21* Z1A4 4L06 414* 

Feb 98 21.14 2X9! 2XM 4L08- 30*5 

Morto 21 JM 3X85 2X87 4L05 TX783 

Aprto 31 AO 3036 20* -XII W444 

EsL ste* N A Mm soles 16X775 
AAom open M 415*B. up 2UR 

NATURAL BAS WMEE) 

10*0 nw bfcrw s per an tan 

Ho* 97 X190 iWO XM3+X867 523*1 


ara~ OT a 


iwno mn bm. x par nm ton 
Mm 97 lire vm 3412 9X867 5X797 

Dec 97 3250 3.020 3.156 +«ASB 31^4 

JOito 2215 2006 112O+X036 J7J» 

Feb to 2A60 2490 2272+0*8 T&734 

Morto 2J9S 2470 254+0X16 124« 

A*r98 1270 2270 223X+0A20 7*5 

EsL tote NA Mote tees 72216 
Mom open lot 232AM off 7448 

UNLEADED GASOLINE MMER 
42*0 goL cm per OT 
Nov97 <51* 60* 6046 4L11 42653 

Dec 97 6X50 59 JO 5951 4L06 14151 

Junto 6020 5940 5PJ6 -008 1X]» 

FebflB 6025 39.99 5959 -X08 4425 

Mar9* 4030 4059 6059 4L0B XSl? 

JffN 6350 6119 4119 -OOB J9« 

Morto *259 -one 2*5 

Junto S2J9 ft* WB4 

&t softs N*. Mm Sote 4X411 
Mm open MmM up 9« 

GASOIL OPS 

UA-tatewporinoWclun-loliar iu»™» 
OtaW 18155 177J5 18X75 +X2 S fllMg 

Hw97 18175 moo 1B125 +SAB 20*7 

Dec 97 1M.OO IK* 18150 +A25 WA77 

*n» IBS* 18175 18475 +4JS IX2» 

Fob 98 18S* 18L25 18*75 +42S 74£ 

Jtarto 18X50 18X25 18250 +4* *929 

Muto NT. N.T- 18075 +375 4471 

Bit softs: 21*1. Prav. rate :1L471 
Pnw. qw) M: 9*113 Up 1*0 

BRENT 01 LOPE) 

UA. M ow perbonel • lots ofLOWtawte _ 
N™*7 20.13 19* 1950 -fAS M4I7 

DteJ M.11 19* 1951 JMgJ- 3**« 

Awto 204M 19.75 19* unte 3*m 

ftfato 19.92 1948 19.74 +X01 MM 

Mrato »» 1958 1946 W*; 

Apr 98 1945 19* 19* -MS M® 

EsL softs: 4A106. Pray, softs 

Pm. openhL: 131.139 off 49* 

Stock inkuM 
xp cow, indqcicmem" 

SOOrtode* 

WMO 9SX10 9S7JD. 18*06 
Morto 974* 96550 969* -M5 3517 
Junto 983* TO* 977* -i» 751 

softs NA Mote sate 50*3 

Mem open M 188J36.off2*S 
PTSEltotUFFQ 

Sl7 ‘'gSIS^anj £3264 +330 6*118 
Mor?8 N.T N.T 3373* L973 

softs: 9.9SX Peav. saft« *!» 

Pler.apMKX: 6*091 aR «K 


MQXO 380M~-*!M 211*0 
WW 303X0 3007ft 30113 +144 BJB 
»J»W 30325 3014 30?&t +J4S W 
0sc97 30420 w]J swil +1X5 1X362 

Morto snren mg ifl 30534 +W4 ILUd 

Eta- softs: 4X139. 

Open ML; 10X945 up R3IX 


Commodity iridtBM 

cm' Pmftte 

Moody 4 ! LSCMO 

jgj. vgg 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


PAGE 15 


EUROPE 


Jobless Rolls ] ” 

(Grow Before TV Licenses Spark Battle in Hungary 

French Talks Ex-U.S. Envoy’s Firm Sues Over Alleged Politicization of Contract Awards 


. . . ' "**'**1. 

Investor’s Europe I 




PARIS — France’s unemploy- 
“drolls rose by 19,600 in August, 
jhe government said Tuesday, as a 
economic recovery failed to 
absorb all tbe workers entering the 
labor force, heightening tensions 
before a jobs conference. 

The unemployment rate was un- 
changed from July at 12L5. percent, 
the Employment Ministry said. Ex- 

fnr «)» /■ 1 ■ • < 


of June, the rate has been at 12L5 
percent for, the last 12 months. 

The number of people soaking 
employment and claiming benefits 


rose by 0.6 percent, to 3.13 million, 
in August, the ministry said. 

“We re main in a situ ation where 
the economy is improving, espe- 
cially business confidence,” said 
Emmanuel Ferry of Credit Com- 
rarardal de France, “but it’s insuf- 
ficient to lower the unemployment 
rate. The debate over jobs between 
government and employers carries 
the risk of more uncertainty." 

The government has called em- 
ployers and onions to a conference 
Oct. 10 to discuss job creation and 
implementation of a cut in the work- 
week to 35 hours foam 39 with no 
loss in pay. The government main- 
tains that the redaction will create 
private demand for more jobs. 

To persuade reluctant employers 
to attend the conference. Prime Min- 
ister Lionel Jospin has held out the 
possibility of tax breaks for compa- 
nies that implement the shortened 
workweek, which he said would be 
introduced gradually. 

Companies are expressing unhap- 
piness about the jobs plan and its 
potential higher costs, especially 
after the government raised the cor- 
porate profit tax. 

Justifying the need for govern- 
ment action on jobs, Mr. Jospin said 
economic growth of 3 percent a year 
over the next five years would reduce 
joblessness by only 70,000 people a 
year. Tbe government estimates that 
the economy will grow 23 percent 
this year and 3.0 percent next year. 

The unemployment news had 
little impact on French markets, 
where the yield on the b enchmark 
10-year government bond fell to 
5.47 percent from 55 1 percent Mon- 
day and the benchmark CAC-40 
stock index rose 19 JO points to dose 
at 3,008.26. ( Bloomberg , AFP) 


By Christine Spolar 

Washington Post Service 

BUDAPEST — A pioneer of 
coqrmercial television in Eastern 
Europe has gone to court to lay bare 
just bow and why broadcast li- 
censes were handed out in the re- 
gion's last untested market. 

The court battle pits Central 
European. Media Enterprises — 
controlled by Ronald Lauder, heir 
to the Estee Lander cosmetics for- 
tune and former U.S. ambassador to 
Austria — against Hungary’s 
newly established broadcasting 
board in a highly public dispute 
over privatization of the airwaves 
in this former Communist country. 

.The debate ova- television 
broadcasting in Eastern Europe — 
particularly over how to open the 
state-run airwaves to private en- 
terprise — has led to bitter battles 
over who manages state television, 
who sits on regulatory boards and 
who decides how uukpendent the 
broadcasts will be. 

CME, as the Lauder enterprise is 
known, says the National Radio and 
Televirion Commission broke the 
law by giving broadcast licenses to 
two European media groups that 
had made far lower bids. 

CME alleges, in essence, that 
board members — politicians rep- 
resenting every major party in 
Hungary — decided which compa- 


nies would receive licenses and 
then rearranged scorecards to fit 
their votes. The panel also ignored 
competition deadlines and allowed 
one of the companies to submit a 
late bid, CME contends. 

If the board's votes were cast 
solely on- the basis of money, the 
Lauder group would appear to have 
a strong argument. CME bid $20 
milli on more than its competitors 
for the 10-year licenses. But broad- 
cast commissi<Mers said in court this 
month that they were looking for 
more than just money in creating the 
first private stations in Hungary. 

"This is Eastern Europe, and 
here people are always suspecting- 
politics or corruption to explain 
things,” said Mihaly Revesz, the 
head of the seven-member com- 
mission and a former adviser to 
Prime Minister Gyula Horn. “In 
this case, I’m comfortable with tbe 
broadcast landscape." 

CME’s challenge could result in 
a trial. This month, a judge entered 
the broadcast board to submit 
minutes of its meetings concerning 
the licenses and all applications. 

Hungary has been bedeviled by 
politics in its efforts to expand 
broadcasting into the private sec- 
tor. It toc^c for longer than its neigh- 
bors to approve a media law that set 
up the broadcast board and foe 
rules for bow licenses for private 
nurinrmi stations — tough com- 


petition for stare-run televirion — 
could be sold. 

But reports of the contract award 
this summer — and in particular 
the discrepancy in bids — spawned 


about possible political deals with- 
in the commission and the integrity 
of die licensing process. 

“The media law has loop- 
holes,” said Marton Kozak, a so- 

a media newsletter. “The rules of 
the game weren’t clear, and foe law 
allowed questions to be raised.” 

The broadcasting battle also has 
reinforced broader concerns about 
doing business in a country that has 
lured more Western investment 
than any other Eastern European 
nation — arid, at times, been tainted 
by claims of government finagling. 

The licenses, awarded after two 
rounds of voting, went to CLT- 
Ufa, Europe’s biggest broadcast- 
ing group in which the Ge rman 
media group Bertelsmann AG is a 
large investor, and to a media con- 
sortium headed by Scan dinav ian 
Broadcasting System, which in- 
cludes MTM Communications, the 
largest television-production com- 
pany in Hungary. 

Representatives of both compa- 
nies rebuffed suggestions of fa- 
voritism and pointed out that, on 
paper, they had promised more 
public-service programs. 


Butitis unclear from a review of 
the applications just what consti- 
tuted poblic-sexvice programming, 
and station chiefs said they woe 
still trying to pull together their 
programs and could not discuss 
specific shows. 

CME is often regarded as the 
most experienced operator in East- 
ern Europe — and at times one of 
the most criticized. 

With local partners, it runs tele- 
vision stations in the Czech Re- 
public, Slovakia, Romania, 
Ukraine and Slovenia, and it plans 
to launch one in Poland in October. 
Its track record in the Czech Re- 
public and Romania, plus reports of 
a questionable local partnership in 
Ukraine, intensified scrutiny hoe. 

' In Romania, CME’s independent 
station was linked to foe election 
last year of the first non-Commo- 
nist government since the collapse 
of communism in foe region. In the 
Czech Republic, foe popular CME 
station has been chastised for car- 
tying frivolous American fore and 
for producing a misleading docu- 
mentary on Gypsies that set off a 
wave of emigration to Canada. 

Mr. Revesz said he had had long 
talks with the Czech television 
chair man before he reviewed the 
applications. He said he was aware 
of foe Romanian experience. 

“I feel quite sure that we made 
die right decision,” he said. 


BUNDESBANK: Official Says It Will Yield Autonomy in Coordinating Euro 


Continued from Page 13 

The comments by Mr. Issing. 
considered a potential candidate to 
serve as a director at foe proposed 
European central bank, add to the 
momentum that recently has 
emerged behind foe single-currency 
project and help to rescue foe euro 
from months of distrust. 

It long has been suspected that the 
Bundesbank privately takes the rest 
of Europe into consideration in its 
deliberations, although it seldom 
has conceded publicly that it looks 
beyond the German border. Mr. Us- 
ing’s comments contrast sharply 
with Bundesbank pronouncements 
and interest-rate moves in past years 
that have raised political and eco- 
nomic tensions in Europe. 


Increases in interest rates, co- 
ordinated among Europe’s central 
hankers, will be vital to building the 
credibility of the new central bank, 
Mr. Issing said, leaving no doubt 
that the Bundesbank will maintain 
its vigilance against infla tion in the 
run-up to the euro's inauguration. 

A too-easy monetary policy in the 
May-December period could dam- 
age tbe credibility of the European 
central bank in its critical starting 
phase, he said. 

“In no case can inflation poten- 
tial be allowed during this time,” he 
said. “Otherwise the European cen- 
tral bank, just as it starts its op- 
nations, will need to fight inflation 

E tial that the national central 
i have created.” 

“The goal of the national central 


banks in this intermediate period of 
May to December must be directed 
very exactly at helping the European 
central bank to a good start,” he 
added. 

Investors who have been con- 
founded by foe outlook for foe 
Bundesbank’s next interest-rate in- 
crease most cope with a period of 
continued nervousness, Mr. Issing 's 
comments made clear. He said he 
agreed with some Bundesbank ob- 
servers that German monetary 
policy at the moment was “clearly 
expansive.” While saying German 
inflati on would not worsen in the 
coming months, he warned that “the 
entire inflation trend no longer is 
correct.” 

“We have already reached the 
bottom of the inflation trough, and 



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that period for the foreseeable future 
lies behind ns,” he said. 

The increase in prices of imported 
goods in August, the sharpest in 
eight years, is worrisome, he said. 

“One cannot overlook that these 
eventually feed through into con- 
sumer prices and are an advance 
indicator for foe consumer price in- 
dex,” Mr. Issing said. 

Asked whether the Bundesbank 
intended to raise German interest 
rates slowly and smoothly when it 
did decide to move or whether it 
favored fast and steep increases, Mr. 
Issing replied: “If we act and how 
we act depends on the situation. We 
act according to foe situation. In the 
past, whether we were moving up or 
down, we took strong steps if that is 
what foe situation required.” 


Very briefly; 

• Banco. Ambrosiano Veneto SpA’s chief executive, Cor- 
rado Passera, resigned and will be succeeded by Carlo Sal- 
vatori, currently director-general of Cariplo SpA, Italy’s fifths 
largest bank, the Italian wire service Ansa reported. 

• Italy’s economy grew more than expected in the second 
quarter, drives by a surge in car sales resulting from a 
government incentive program, the national statistics office 
Is tat said. Gross domestic product between April and Jane 
jumped 1.6 percent from the first quarter and 1 .9 percent from 
a year earlier. 

• Parmalat SpA’s first-half pretaxprofit rose 14 percent from 
a year earlier, to 167 billion lire ($98 million). Sales rose 19 
percent, to 3.19 trillion lire. 

• Royal Dutch/Shell Group will reduce the work force in its 
European oil-products division by as much as 15 percent as 
part of a restructuring. As many as 2J50 jobs in the division 
could be lost within three years. Shell said. 

• Cor di ant PLC, a British advertising company, said first- 
half net income rose 31 percent, to £11.8 million ($19 mil- 
lion), or 2. 7 pence a share. Cardiant also said it would split into 
Saatehi & SaatchiPLCand Confianl Communications Group 
PLC, which will jointly own Zenith Media Worldwide. 

• Friends Provident of Britain was fined a record £450,000 
for “serious failings” linked to selling of pensions by the 
insurer in the late 1980s and early 1990s. 

• Britain’s international development secretary, Clare Short, 
called on European consumers to continue baying b ananas 
from Caribbean rather than Central American producers, 
despite a World Trade Organization ruling against the Euro- 
pean Union policy favoring imports from foe Caribbean. 

• ABB AG, one of foe parents of Asea Brown Boveri, said it 
had won a contract valued at about $500 millio n from Yanbu 
Petrochemical Co. to build an ethylene plant in Saudi Arabia. 

Bloomberg , Renters 


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AGF 

At Unride 
AfcaMAMb 
AtehUAP 
Bmoabe 

Sic 

BNP 

CdnriPha 

Cenafcwr 

Casino 

CCF 

Cetefe* 

dvMknDtar 

CLFCexinFfrai 

CndBAgriarie 

Damon* 

El-Aquttotoe 

BktaataBS 

Euratfisney 

Eurotunnel 

Gen. Eon 


Lotaiga 

Unrand 

LOwd 

LVMH 

MkMnB 

ParibasA 

n _ u*j ni M . , 1 

rdlHJU KJCUlu 

PeageatOI 

Ptooud-Prtnt 

Promode* 

Renault 

Rrefe 

Rb-PoutancA 

Sown 

Sd raetarr 

SEB 

SGSTfewm 
Sta Generate 
Sodexho 
HGabaln 
Suez Lyon Earn 


1109 1084 
240 «2 

976 943 

792 778 

402 39690 
773 755 

44490 43120 
29950 297 

1067 1019 
3714 3450 

366 35720 
3SJ 34130 
684 666 

796 
571 SHI 
13B6 1306 

938 m 
m 792 
m B90 
835 8.15 
680 £30 

784 698 

« 402 

764 754 

44160 43410 
1258 1232 

2385 2351 
12 © 1256 
331® 333 

444 44) 


2844 2774 

234V 2306 

177 17460 
1718 1690 

239.90 236 

556 547 

37660 365 

899 846 

575 555 


2970 2863 

924 911 

666 655 

710 700 

194 187.10 
05 676 

121 11S88 

39850 38620 


IBM T09T 

235 239 

976 947 

789 773 

398 39430 
756 748 

439 .443 
29830 29BJO 

1054. 1019 
3697 3625 
361 33110 
348 341.10 
676 673 

• 801 SI 7 
562 561 

1306 1305 
935 910 

792 796 

920 880 

115 835 

635 625 

m m 
m.n 405 
764 757 

43400 437-50 
1246 1240 
2375 2336 

1261 1286 
337 33148 

440 1/6 
296 29180 

• 761 
2783 2790 
2316 2320 
175L90 175J1 
1703 1693 

236 2« 
SI 545 

37450 36130 
883 849 

559 551 

899 854 

2951 2830 

915 910 

662 656 

702 707 

-M 19350 
679 674 

11950 11950 
38940 393 


EtadnriwB , 

Ericsson B 

HeanesB 

ImuflmA 

bwestarB 

M 0 D 0 B 

Nantamkai 

PharayUalahn 

SanMiB 

ScaataB 

SCAB 

S-EBankenA 
ggmdla FBti 
Sknnsfca B 
SKFB 

Spartwnken A 
skraA 
SvHaaddsA 
VUmB 


Sydney 

Amcor 
AKZBUng 
BMP 
Bora) 

Brambles M. 
CBA 

CCAonfll 
QflesMy er 
Coraafco 
CSS 
RrienBraw 
Goodman Hd 
IdAulrala 
Lend Lew 
MIMHdgs 
NatAusBanfc 
Nat Mutual Hrig 
News Carp 

PodQc Dunlop 
Ptonrerlari 
PubBrooriouf 
HSsTWO 
StGeaigaBank 
WMC 

!M i" 

WOtJaKH rtn 

WnhnrttH 


597 580 

36850 36450 
335 33850 
'738 721 

410 m 
207 282 

25950 25750 
275 272 

265 162 

23350 230 

194 198 

9250 9150 
33950 337 

33350 378 

226 221 
IBS 182 
131 129 

265 . M 
21850 215 


593 575 

36450 36150 
33150 33050 
723 735 

406 40450 
2RS 283 
m m 
275 27250 
26350 261 

230 23150 
19150 194 

92 9150 
339 33750 
330 32859 
221 22150 
183 18350 
130 12950 
263 26850 
21750 21650 


Ainn— Hi. 276498 
naerow 277468 


890 846 
11.42 11J0 
1445 1£9B 
421 413 

29 2753 

17.15 1£9I 
15J5 1440 

£69 657 
655 £75 

£70 543 

194 188 

124 120 

1118 1193 
3112 3240 
1-71 157 

2155 21 JO 
136 2J3 

7.13 7JH 
.355 187 
472 453 

9.15 891 
2083 2045 

885 841 

642 646 

8J5 837 

13-25 

440 449 


859 846 

11-28 1154 
1658 1450 
418 418 
2BJ3 29 J5 
1754 17.11 
1477 1£18 

458 £62 

£81 460 

£66 £68 
191 252 

213 122 

1114 13 

32J9 3250 
159 156 

2112 V JS 
133 135 

750 7.15 

352 359 

459 473 

9.10 9.15 

2075 2877 
851 850 

£48 £46 
BJ0 848 
1117 lira 
45V 456 


Mexico 

Alfa A 

Banocd B 

Cemex CPO 

ObaC 

Emp Modems 

GpoCanoAl 

GaaFSconer 

GpoFtahibma 

Sab dork Men 

TetenteaCPO 

TNMcxL 


Baba kutac 529137 
Prevk»cS2C944 

7150 7190 7400 
2195 2430 2400 
3940 40* 39JS 
M58 1490 1478 
4245 4245 4190 
63.20 6150 6150 
147 152 149 

3400 3435 3400 
3950 3950 3955 
13&JRS 13340 14040 
1954 nas 1958 


las 13150 130 13050 131 

Bk 106 103 1(050 104 

BK 76 73 7450 75-50 

10450 1D1 10150 106 

2740 27 27 27J0 

106 103 103 10447- 

59 a SB 5BJ0 

115 1T2 111 113 

57 K 56 5650 

70 « 6850 6950 

86 84 84 85 

13950 134 137 139-50 

3540 35.10 3530 2540 


C3ST 


RA3 

Rota Bomb 
SP oota Torino 
Tefeaxnitatei 

TIM 


Mia TMraaBow 1585958 
PmtaraUBUM 
16450 16415 16650 16650 
SB30 4825 4960 4060 

7325 7075 7200 7290 
1798 1720 1780 1737 

29250 284S0 28050 28750 

un em am zm 

9300 9160 9290 9260 

10995 10760 10870 10790 
61260 6140 4160 6230 

39200 38600 39000 MOD 
SVM8 18330 18520 IS®} 
2735 M9S 2755 2720 
6140 5930 6095 5920 

9050 8680 8900 B92S 
13660 13325 13500 13450 
1275 1260 7260 1267 
960 925 950 930 

2960 2900 2960 2W5 

5170 5029 5010 SSS 
15485 15268 15390 15400 
25300 24900 25300 25» 
13600 13420 13680 134% 
11720 11450 11500 11600 
70S0 6810 6890 6935 


Sio Paulo B-rasjjugttiiKg Taipei Stod ‘* ta &*£ESgj« 

BrariestaPM 1745 11 JO 1150 1140 

BotMoPfd 04803 83800 83800 830JD 

“ ‘ 4050 5950 6040 S9,?S 

. - 9800 88J0 9150 87.19 

Copel l£Bt 16.70 liSJi 1*59 

Etebobnis 58000 572i» mm m.m 

DoubmooPM 71 £00 6TO.00 JO5X0 685X0 

UgWSrakJoi 469.99 461X0 462X0 461X0 

Lighted 391X2 385X0 390.00 3*5JX) 

PmbrasPfd 312X0 305X0 311X0 304X0 

19999 194.06 19999 193X0 
4250 4140 4140 42X0 

1045 1845 1045 1040 imaXJ—cw i** 

TefebnsPU 142X9 139X0 14240 13940 JXJfiSfS 5 5 SS 

Totamta 1*2X1 161X0 16140 16140 .W*"«arin 61 62 6240 6850 

152X0 14EJKI 152X0 150X0 
mao 333X0 337iffl 330X1 — ■ 

40X0 38X1 39X1 3840 TotCVO mu 2281788791 

IModnsPH 1197 1190 1196 1198 lo «yo 



&*W II 

Ejdcwod Heavy 
Korea EI Pw 

KonaudiBk 
LGSearicaa 
Pdnag Iran St 
Samsung DMay 


Montreal mriro wrouoaBe apsi 

Pmteesc 368141 


Shtahrate 

SK Telecom 


Astaire Brow 
CombniPac 
g^.Oafe 


2740 2£61 2661 2690 


GaoteMBetodec447.il 
Pmtaes: 625J7 

80000 78100 7800Q 77000 
7m . 7040 73M »40 
18400 17300 10000 17500 
5830 5450 5070 54® 

20500 19600 20300 19900 
4990 4730 4920 4W 
32000 30600 30800 30000 
56200 54400 56200 5«« 
44400 42500 44300 43500 
*** > ism 66500 65000 
7680 7220 76SS1 7120 

435000 421000 430000 416000 


Bee Mob Core 
Ota Tire A 
CdoUflA 
CTFWSuc 
Gar Metro 
Gt-lteri Uteco 

ImesknGip 
IxbkMCos 
tMBkCmata 
Power Cara 
PramrFinl 
QuebearB 
RagaQranB 
Royal 8k Cda 


4790 4745 
3815 299S 
m.m 38ss 
48 4798 
1IM 1820 
33 3290 
a 4UH 
4595 448. 
2295 2295 
1935 19.10 
43 42 

41 4030 
2535 1495 
830 130 
045 6815 


4755 4795 
30. HJ 30*4 

“2 "S 
,a 5 ^ 

2295 22 

23 S3 



Aker A 134 

2^3 

Oeanonke Bk 3858 
EBarn^^ 17690 

KneraerAH 42150 

Mi i 

SagaPattaA 155 
S msM 124 

sSSfee 5250 


OBXfedraa 70948 
Plwte«K7UXS 

133 133 13250 

216 218 216 
2440 2450 24X0 
29 JO 29 JO 3030 
124 126 124 

a 43 44 

416 419 41450 

422 42350 <850 
265 267 265 

151 161 16150 

S60 628 600 

470 47950 470 

150 150 151 

123 124 124 

345 345 340 

51 51 52 



PmtodKlfMTS 

£30 

£30 

£30 

520 

£38 

525 

533 

£25 

10 

9X6 

9.90 

950 

925 

9.15 

925 

9.15 

025 

054 

0-95 

£95 

1578 

1450 

15X0 

1470 

3J2 

148 

173 

168 

£75 

£56 

£75 

£60 

146 

322 

140 

1X4 

£20 

7X0 

£10 

7X0 

322 

3X6 

192 

3X8 

£10 

4 

610 

6X5 

3.14 

3X8 

114 

108 

458 

4X0 

450 

426 

3X4 

174 

3X4 

174 

1040 

1029 

1W0 

18.10 

69S 

£75 

&S3 

£65 

£20 

4 

420 

4X5 

7.15 

4X5 

7.10 

7 

11X0 

1120 

11X0 

11X0 

£80 

£45 

£80 

4X5 

22X0 

21X0 

2250 

21.78 

279 

222 

177 

2X9 

259 

2X7 

259 

2X9 

2X2 

2JB 

2X1 

2X8 

1X7 

1X2 

1X4 

1X1 

11X0 

10X0 

1120 

10.90 

3.18 

112 

114 

3.12 


OSUntanflkF 
Partwa y Hdgs 


.....Air 
Sing Land 
aroPiemF 
Sfeg TbA fed 
Sag Teheran* 

TtanxeBank 

UUtadnbU 

UtriOSeaBkF 

WngTalHdgs 

^ht/JLdMn 


Stockholm “JifiSESSS 

rnnamxnus 

AGAB 122 11950 to 12850 

ABBA 10950 107 10750 108 

AsriOeman 259 ' 255 259 257 

Asha A 14350 139 140 139 

Altai CepaiA 366 35850 299 US 

AO Mb 31450 32050 322 322 


Tokyo 

Mnomelo 
ABNippaaAIr 
Arawmr 
'Asstri Bank 
Anti Own 
AsdriGtoss 
BkTakyaMfteu 
Bk Yokohama 

Canon 
QMJfejEtac 
Chviooku Etec 
Dal Hfep Print 
Dald 

OoHdrilCana 

Poten Barit 

MwaHaum 

DahniSae 

DDI 

Demo 

gaUromRy 


Fuibu 

HachiuniBk 

HOochi 

Itanda Motor 

®J 

IHI 

ndctKf 

Bto-Yafcada 

Mi. 

Japan Tobacco 

Jusen 

Karina 

KarnalEtec 

Kao 

KamiMHvy 

KdwdSM 

KWJHtepftr 

KHnBmiar 

Kobe Steel 

Kfenrint 

Smn 

Mraubenl 

Marai 

Maker Goan 

Maliu Elec bid 

NtataiBecWV 

MmMiM 

MIInbbMCh 

MNwbbMB . 

MteubtelriEd 

MJIsmteMHvy 

MljubtehlM* 

MmubabiTr 

MBteri 


MU 228 17887 Jl 
Pnttan: 1798731 

1000 1060 1060 1060 

616 674 675 6B6 

353JU TWW 3460 3463 

3X0 *95 

609 606 

948 ?X 738 936 

2340 2295 Z»: 2310 

484 475 4BD 477 

2920 2800 2900 2900 

3610 3533 3530 3500 

205E zno 2B0 OTS 

1970 1930 I960 1930 

2610 2570 2580 2560 

670 665 666 6» 

m3 050 1370 T3B0 

539 529 533 539 

1160 1100 1200 1260 


6160a 6050a 

2960 2890 

18 118 
4620 4570 
1350 1320 

5930 4980 
1568 1500 

1190 1170 


asm racoa 
2930 2910 
5660a 5590a 
2160 2160 


1510 1520 
1180 1170 


The THb Index p*mMoi*u pm ».***.. 

Jan. 1, 1992-100. Level Change % change yenrlodoM 

% change 

World MBX ■ ■ 178.07 -»0.69 +0.38 +20.07 

Regional lodtoma 

AsWPadBc 121.80 +1.15 +0.85 -1.24 

Europe 186.65 +1.01 +0.52 +21.99 

N. America 20929 -054 -026 +2926 

S. America 1T\M +2.15 +1-27 +49^2 

mduatrlanndoaie 

Capital goods 226.73 +1.06 +0.47 +32.65 

Consumer goods 1B6J30 . -0.08 -0.05 +21.60 

Energy 209.95 +0.44 +021 +22.89 

Finance 13428 +0.83 ' +0.70 +1520 

Miscellaneous 193.59 +323 +2.02 +19.66 

Raw Materials 187-47 +022 +0.48 +629 

Service 16723 +0.72 +0-43 +2222 

Utmes 173.11 +122 +0.71 +20.67 

The Momabormi HenU Tribune World Soc* MwC tracks no U.S. dobarvaboa ol 
230 Internationally tjvoatablB stocks tmm ZS countries. For morn tnfofmatlon. a tree 
bockhl Is ava/tabki by writing to The Trib Index, 131 Avenue Chaiioo Ue GauSa. 

B2521 NouOy Codex. Franca. CornpflBtf ty Btao rafcwi p IVawa. 


MMFudnn 
OUfldTrast 
Manta Mfg 
NEC 
NBiksSec 
Mam 
Nfetmdo 

rar 
®s , “ 

NKK 
HamuaSec 
NTT 

NTT ftrti 
Qi Paper 


Sankya 
Soma Bank 
SranoBec 
Secan 

iS&%. 

StUsol House 
Smen-Elewi 
Sharp 

SMtokvSPwr 
Shtadzu 
suMbua 
Shtadda 
SHzuataiBk 
Suflbank 
S«V. 




SwnBamo Efcc 1740 
Strata MeW 251 

1X3Q 

3190 


TDK 
TeMkuEJPn- 
TOM Bank 
ToUd Marias 
Tokyo El Pwr 
Tctejn Etedqon 
Tokyo Gas 

TokruCnp. 

Tanea 

TapponMnl 

loteua 
Tostmn 
Tbyx Troll 

Toyota Molar 
Yknanoudri 

axmtnrlMB 




Mgb Law Close Prat. 

1490 1460 1470 1500 

5160 5160 5160 51 
1490 1470 1470 1 

1960 1840 19» 1 

513 518 

11500 11X0 11501 109X8 
' 704 718 


161 166 
1570 1580 

1118b 1100b 
5470b 5640b 
50 • 550 
188 279 

1810 1810 
14200 13900 
577 590 

4180 4180 

1480 15(» 
370 375 

8150 8150 

4790 4790 

909 906 

1150 1130 
9060 tom 
1100 1130 

1930 1910 
540 545 

3320 1330 
1940 1890 

1290 124} 

em 4630 
114W 11200 
900 901 

1820 1B50 

443 436 

1730 1720 

251 243 

1200 17® 

3190 3120 

3620 3530 
loom won 
1950 1920 

999 980 

1450 1460 

2320 2290 
7370 7250 

286 284 


Nava 

One* 

PancdaPethn 

PebaGda 

RoeerDoaie 

Pood Pitta 

Potash Sort 

Renotaance 

mrnrm 

Rogers QaiMB 

SeraumCo 

SMOiA 

Sunoor 

Taflnhan Eny 

TertB 

Tetagtobe 

TUot 

Thomson 

TorDaraBank 

Traanda 

TrausCda Pipe 

TifmortFW 

Trine Halm 

TVXGcM 

WestcoaetEny 


High Lew Com Pm. 

27 2£20 26K 26.90 

8316 81 8215 81X0 

2795 27 M 27M 77 JO 
34H 3W 34X5 343S 
14670 144.10 144-65 144* 
11 JO life 11JB 11X5 
3645 TAHl 36J0 3630 
25» 2 4M 24J5 24.9S 
25X0 2£10 25J5 2£10 
2660 2615 26J5 25J0 
14 13X0 1365 13X0 
1S8J0 10625 107X0 107 

35 34-10 34X5 34J0 
31M 30*4 30te 30.15 

24V, 2115 24H 2416 

58 4920 49.90 

24U 23K 24H 2350 

52J0 48J5 50V, 43.15 

47.95 i&i 47Vi 46k 
MM 27 28J0 26M 

49,90 49 JO 4955 4916 

. » 2BM 2895 » 

300 34 34 34X 

47X0 47.10 47.15 47.30 
18X5 18 JO lfl-70 18-45 
26X5 26X0 26X5 2690 
80-® 7914 7W 7944 

35Vl 34X5 35W 34.95 

8X0 £15 8 Mr 7* 

2BX0 28X5 2BJ0 2865 
106U 106 10630 10514 


Vienna 

Boetater-Uddeft 1045 
CrodtantPM 65090 
EA^nerad 3419 
EVN 152895 

RughOten'MH) 516 
ON 5 1861 

OodBeklilz 881 
VAStaN 60425 

VATodl 2683 

Wenobag Boo 2514 


ATXlDrtBB I4ZL77 
naetaH! 1<13X3 i 
1030 1D4510335D / 
m 648 641X0 ; 

3300 3372 3315 - 
1488 1521 1481.60 ’ 

510 514X5 51150 ■. 
1824 1855 1824 . 

877 B80XII 876X0 J 
600 «H 59850 .« 
3664 . 2666266450 i 
2575 2593 25B2 


Toronto 


580 566 

11U0 1090 

KJ® 1630 
713 720 

<12 633 

1920 1880 

— 

3700 jnau 
2980 2900 


TSE IrolntrialE T8S0J6 
Prevton; 7812-46 


1880 

ran 

iow 

tva 

4280 

42W 

4218 


1530 

1500 

1500 

1400 

382 

261 

261 

286 

418 

407 

418 

mi 

4570 

63311 

6640 

am 

445 

436 

43? 

AO 

9398a 9240a 9390a 

9B0a 

3840 

3750 

7750 

2810 

547 

531 

tM 

544 

21 SO 

21M 

2130 

1700 

1740 

179 


472 

416 

417 

434 

331 

229 

231 

211 

409 

672 

<09 

672 

1010 

992 

994 

990 

164 

150 

1.63 

1.63 

714 

671 

<75 

720 

470 

457 

470 

«0 

7W0 

7S0 

im 

im 

2030 

1990 

1990 

2010 

572 

537 

SU. 

555 


,U» 1170 Alberta Energy 

0S0 1050 Mam ASM 


p: 


tu 30 4H 
2010 1940 1990 
39S0 3840 3ED 
2200 21» 2110 
1260 T230 T2H 
1190 1170 1170 
279 271 279 

477 46S 475 

1780 1790 1740 
680 440 661 

430 <15 620 
1940 1840 \M§ 
960 945 949 






ftoKSMeinta 
Gita Cda Ref 
Imp taBlMi 

Inca^ran 

iplH 

Laitejl 
Unren Group 
MmtaBldM 


1 


or 


ZL65 23-40 
33K H 
49X5 48X0 
1735 1690 
5930 &70 
*M <5H 
34W 34.15 
41X5 41M 

3£B0 35M 

4140 4340 
28X5 2750 
51X0 51.10 

40.10 sni 
72 TIM 
IU 40X0 

37» 3690 
41 JO 4065 

35 m 

«X8 2&10 
11 J 0 im 
31 JO 31 
34X5 33fe 
3105 23fe 
25 2170 
J88 313 

■MX 25JO 
2M 22.10 
3L15 30X0 
13J0 1255 
79X0 7930 
3£90 3180 
54M 54 

11.10 20L65 
38.15 37M 
2035 19X0 

QfU MU* 
WTO Wrl 

11 . 9 s nu 


2140 23X0 
33X0 3311 

485S 48X0 
17X5 1735 
50X0 5930 
6670 6» 

3120 33J0 
4135 41V 
3SM 35fe 
43X0 42.1 
2&» 27. 

51 JO 
39M 40 

71X5 7150 
4135 40X0 
37* 37 

4055 40X0 
34ft 33ft 
2630 2640 
11X5 life 
31X0 31.10 
3155 34M 
24 2X45 
24fe 


2X15 223. 

SS W 

79fe 79X5 
3190 

5115 . .. 
2079 21.10 
38.15 - 

2035 
9615 

life 11.90 


Wellington n2s&«mr25S7jh 

AfrHZaaldB 102 199 102 199 

Briefer fend 136 134 135 133 

Carter HaB evd 3X0 138 339 3X2 

S-’S 108 

g*b g»Enr. 7.J2 7X4 7XS 7.10 

Fterch Ch Foot 1X6 1.94 1.95 1X5 

Ra re Q Pa per . 108 105 108 106 

UonNaftrai 3X5 178 1X2 3XS 

Td««.NZ 7» 7X5 7.92 7X2 

WfannHartn 11X5 11X0 11X4 11X0 


Zurich 

ABBB 
Adeem B 
AlmutaeR 
Ans-SeramB 
AtatR 
Baer! 

Bekrin 
BKVHon 
QbaSpecOmi 
OartntR 
OP Suisse Go R 

EkMawaflB 
Eara-Oienfe 

nOaBlXK_ 

UeddmNLBB 
NfdWR 
NawrtsR ' 
OertaBueliR . 
PmgnaMdB 
u-» PtwraVta B 

ranri nil litem a t I 

JW KQMflQnA 

mw Piroferc 

SdrindterPC 
SGSB 


IMrGreupR 


S PI tadteC 3624X7 

PmtMSia64U0 

JIM 2142 2123 

»7 585 579 

1392 1425 1364 

2550 3620 2SU 
860 870 860 

2ZB 2235 2215 
2196 2250 2196 
.1205 1228 1205 
.139.50 14B5Q 140 

1170 1170 1140 
19650 19650 20850 
534 535 S3S 

<B» <925 tm 

WS fS2 3,0 
'S ’SS ’5? 

370 510 570 

SE- S 21 

2231 ms TLB 
18533 18150 187.75 
WOO 1900 1920 
892 900 898 

'Si ’SS ’SS 

329 335 335 

12900 12900 13090 
W 393 39S 

i2§* 121? I 730 

WO aw 2509 
8 ® 866 867 

1095 lift* hot 

?is as ™ 

1932 1946 1930 

g* 1«? 1690 

429 633 <23 






PAGE 16 


Tuesday’s 4 P.M. Close 

Nationwide pricES no} reflecSng late trades elsewhere. 
UvAssxtaSBdPrsss, 


engn in iwm am 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER L, 1997 


NYSE 



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One World. O ne Hotel. 
Uniquely InterContinental. 

M 

INTER-CONTINENTAL, 


HOTELS AND RESORTS 

More than 1/5 hotels and resorts throughout 
Europe • Americas • Asia Pacific * Middle East • .Africa 

www.interconti.com 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


PAGE 17 


M f 1 & a | * THE INTERMARKET 


TT +44 171 420 0348 




READERS ARE ADVISED 

ft* hfamaffancrf HnU 
Mum cannot bo bold iwp^ 
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ktamvd ai a result of tnm mK - 
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Manta whkh appear in our 


nmndmd that readers make 
approp riate inquiries before 
fn&Vanytnoacy or entering 
"do any binding rnmrnJiiinrfi. 




1 


liS 





■ 




Gated State Ho far tonrafriB 
««»S & company DrcOwt 
HAGS LTD, Ftaom 1108, Atton PbZH 
2-6 Grands Roaa TST, Ko»*m 
Hong Kong. <hibI nacsflHtsupetM 
t± tamnm f*x shot 


tad PASSPORTS / Driving Ucaxss / 
Degrees/CamotfofK Pasixirts/Secral 
Bank Accounts, rail, P O. Box 70302, 
ASMS 16610. Greece. F® 8862152. 
hOpArm.^absknan^xzim 


Banking 


EUTORAN BANKS tea EOT you l/Ds, 
SBLCs Paymafli/FkBnciai Guarantees 

Proof of raids & Rnftig GorthsaSon 
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Capital Wanted 


SWISS HfraEPBBOJR M POUND is 
taokhg lor USS1 H cap** On the Pot- 
tsti martet sacs 2 wars. successful & 
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rope ance 15 yeas. Svtaantfa) items 
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plan in co-op vritti "Hg Six' accoumng 
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Financial Services 



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OF ASH 

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LARGE GflADBl OF USED CLOTHHG 
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tearing taialy magazine, afco astrology 
books. 5 yeas esobfisiwl Contact l 
Baer 212-7588116 Tel/Fax USA 


PARTIERS - SPONSORS WANTS) to 
help excavate large World War B trea- 
sure. Reply to Box 419, ITT, Friedridar. 
15. 1» FffiMta. Fomany. 


OFFSHORE CONPAMES. For tSB bro- 
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1224 Fax 44 181 748 <358/6338 
wnuppleuuxMk 


SINGLE USX software m* enter U.S. 
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2ND PASSPORT 51 OX Also EU, 
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Anglo Ambrican Croup 
plc * - — 

PROJECT FNANCE 
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GLOBAL COVERAGE 
NO MAXMAI 
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CAPITAL C0RP. 

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Tel: +44 113 27Z7 SO Far +44 113 
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FUNDS AVALABLE 
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Attorney's & Brotats hrted 
375 Part Are, NY, NY 10152 USA 


EARN MONEY, SAVE TAXES, 

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NR ca EXPAWHiG HTO AEU 
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BUSINESS ADVISORY 
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7 Rue Muzy. 1207 GStEVA 

T«J 736 (B 40. TH 413222, Fa 786 06 44 


r is bring tor 
OF 


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Babnhofshasse 44 - Ou/Swizeftand 
Tet +4181 2553K5 Fat ->4181 255 3344 


YOUR OFFICE IN NEW YORK 
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Fax: (212) 756-1221 
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www-jdhrebaneyizri 

Rehndshie Retainer 
Sometkies Required. 


Hjto YUd fnvestmai Programei 
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imerasl Rata - 5V 
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USS 300D00 bases USS 10M 
tor 15 ttys 

Fax: Mr Gany Ctoik +44 1904 330 960 


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Far 561-998-3226 USA 
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suiimary to tax +33 (0)1 42 27 10 26 or 
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Diamonds 


ROUGH DUKNiDS. We ufl pay tostrai 
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COUIB1C1AL FUMBNG AVAILABLE 
Buaness France * Venue Capa 
WortMda ‘ Brokae wefcome 




FAX +44 (0)115 942 7646 


"UyfHATE I IMUUIIED ** 
TTim avatobb tor 
ALL business prajecto! 

MW U.S. Si mUno max 
Ui Business ConsuGng 
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hlpjiiwBJriliiVicrxLgxn (liluiwQ 


MW 


SWISS FRANCS A VALABLf. Ixm In- 
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MAKE OFFER on Fax +33(0)4 93520092 


■LAN NOTH. FOR BUSWESSU3/I in 
strategic poritxm, tne stare. 52 rooms, 
4 suites, restaivant scats 300, gerdan. 
tew parttog. posstoie motet buUng 
vrirntMtoori manageineiit lor sab Fox 
+39886013354 


SERVICED OFFICES 
DIRECTORY 


■AUKS LETS by Boger & Company 
European bustaen and consumer data 
Tel 44 1312362996 Fax 44 1312267901 


SECRETARIAL SERVICES: Mac/PC. 
wort process™, oanstafloos (En$sh- 
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YOUR OFFICE H LONDON 
Bond 9raet - llatt, Phone, Fax, Telex 
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PAGE 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 2997 


Tuesday's 4 P.M. 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


PAGE 19 


TECHNOLOGY AND MEDIA 



c 


U.S. to Foster Training 
Of High-Tech Workers 


By Rajiv Chandrasekaran 

Washington Post Sen-ice 


WASHINGTON ~ The Com- 
merce Department, joining a chorus 
of technology industry leaders, has 
issued its first warning that a growing 
shortage of workers with cutting-edge 
computer skills could hinder the na- 
tion s economic growth. 

Officials said the Commerce and 
Education departments would take the 
unusual step of working with the tech- 
nology industry to propose joint solu- 
tions to the labor shortage through a 
series of task forces and a national 
cordexeocc to be held early next year. 

‘ We clearly have a very significant 
suppl y prob lem,” said Andrew Pincus. 
the Commerce general counsel, which 
is increasing the cost of doing busi- 
ness throughout this country and re- 
ducing our global co mpeti tiveness and 
constraining our economic growth.” 

The ctaartroent did not specify the 
cost of me shortage, but its report, 
“America’s New Deficit The Short- 
age of Information Technology Work- 
ers." repeated statistics produced by 
other CHgaiuzatioQS. includin g the In- 
formation Technology Association of 
America, which estimates that about 
1 90,000 information technology jobs 
nationwide are going unfilled. 

The report also cited Labor Depart- 
ment projections that through 2005, an 
average of 95,000 new computer sci- 
entists, systems analysts and program- 
mers will be needed every year. In 
1994, Labor said. 24,553 Americans 
earned bachelor's degrees in computer 
or information sciences fields. 

“Our skilled-worker shortage is a 
crisis,” said Harris Miller, president 
of the technology association, which 


is working with Commerce and Edu- 
cation on the task forces and con- 
ference. “This is as if we had run out 
of iron ore in the middle of the second 
industrial revolution. Today, informa- 
tion technology workers are the equiv- 
alent of iron ore. They’re the crucial 
raw materials of our economy.” 

Critics suggest that the group has 
inflated its shortage estimates both to 
justify its call to relax immigration 
restrictions on temporary technology 
workers and to compel the govern- 
ment to pay for training programs. 

“This report is a tool of special 
interests.” said Norm Matioff, a pro- 
fessor of computer science at the Uni- 
versity of California at Davis. “Sure, 
there are a lot of unfilled positions. 
That's because the industry wants 
workers with a laundry list of skills, 
but they're not willing to train people 


or give them a chance to pick up those 
ills on the job.” 


ski 


The technology association denies 
that its data are inflated or connected 
with its immigration-lobbying efforts. 

The task forces will focus on such 
issues as recruiting minority groups 
into technology careers, improving 
math and science education in primary 
and secondary schools, spicing up die 
image of information- techno logy jobs 


A Crowded Road to Riches in the Movies 

Many Try the Independent-Distributor Route, but There’s Still Only One Miramax 


By Linda Lee 

New York Times Sen-ice 


Here is the no-risk formula for an 
independent film-distribution com- 
pany: Find a small gem like “Sling 
Blade” or “Breaking the Waves” at a 
festival. Pick it up cheaply. Release it in 
movie theaters. Keep the overhead low 
— then make a bundle by selling the 
company to a major Hollywood studio. 

It sounds so easy that a number of 
new independent distributors are sud- 


denly appearing — including one in 

oik disclo 


where you’re buying distressed securi- 
ties, instead of buying in at the top.” 

Mr. Icahn added, “If it does build up 
into something, it’s better than paying 
55 billion for a film company,” as 
Seagram Co. did in 1995 when it paid 
$5.7 billion for MCA Inc„ which owns 
Universal Pictures. 

Mr. Icahn, 61, is now collecting en- 
tertainment properties. Last summer he 
put $81 million into Strarospbere Corp., 
which owns a bankrupt casino in Las 
Vegas, and then led a group that ac- 


16 next-largest independent releasing 
companies combined took in just $241 
million, according to Variety, a 
magazine that covets the entertainment 
industry. So, while aiming to be 
Miramax, a lot of independent distrib- 
utors bave fallen short of the mark. 

“A lot of smart people with money 
have tried the business — people pas- 
sionately involved in film — and they 
couldn’t make it.” Mr. Vogel said. 

Mr. Icahn contends that his eye for 
value will turn Stratosphere Entertain- 


and upgrading skills of people in the 
iic£ The arc 


work force, officials said. The groups, 
which will start meeting this autumn, 
will have representatives from Com- 
merce and Education, the information 
industry and educational institutions. 
The meetings will culminate in a na- 
tional conference in January at the 
University of California at Berkeley. 


Recent technology articles: 
www.iht.com/fHTfTt EC HI 


New York disclosed last week by Carl 
Icahn, the financier. 

Another recent start-up is Banner En- 
tertainment in Los Angeles. According 
to industry executives, six or seven oth- 
er independent distributors are now in 
various stages of planning. 

With the so-called independent com- 
pany Miramax Film Corp. — “so- 
called” because it is now owned by 
Walt Disney Co. — dominating the 
Academy Awards last spring, and with 
the stock market strong, the combin- 
ation of small films and big finance was 
probably inevitable. 

It happened in the 1980s, when new 
companies sprang up to feed the bur- 
geoning video industry. It is happening 
again as major studios eat up little out- 
fits like October and Orion and form 
independent distribution units of their 
own, and as cable channels such as 
Sundance and Bravo, which specialize 
in showing small films, are added. 

“There’s too much capital around, in 
banks and the stock market," Harold 
Vogel, analyst for Cowen & Co., said. 
“People have money to have fun 
with/* 

Mr. Icahn, who said last week that he 
was putting up $50 milli on to start a New 
York-based film distributor. Stratosphere 
Enter tainmen t, said creating the com- 
pany was “a way to enter the business 


They all want to be me,’ Harvey Weinstein, co- 
chairman of Miramax Films said. ‘But imitation, while 
the highest form of flattery, is also a recipe for failure. 9 


quired Marvel Entertainment Group 
Inc., the comics and trading-card gianL 

He intends to create a distribution 
company in the same league as 
Miramax, which dominates the field of 
independent distributors. 

“They all want to be me," Harvey 
Weinstein, the co-chairman of Miramax 
Films, said. "But imitation, while the 
highest form of flattery, is also a recipe 
for failure." 

Despite now being owned by Disney 
and having started to produce some of 
its own films, Miramax remains the 
leading distributor of independent 
films. Last year its 45 independent films 
took in $250 million at the box office in 
North America alone: the distributor 
usually receives about half of the box- 
office receipts. 

Much of Miramax's take came from 
films such as “The English Patient” 
and ‘ ‘Scream.” which it produced from 
the time it was just a script; most in- 
dependent companies merely pick up 
completed movies. 

By contrast with Miramax’s total, the 


ment — to be run by Paul Cohen, a 
longtime distributor — into a money- 
maker. “I see there’s an opportunity in 
films,” Mr. Icahn said. 

Though he is best-known for his in- 
vestments in real estate and his ag- 
gressive raids on Trans World Airlines 
Inc. and RJR Nabisco Holding Corp., 
Mr. Icahn has been in foe entertainment 
business before. He was once the largest 
investor in the conglomerate Gulf & 
Western, which then owned Paramount 
Pictures, and in Viacom Inc. before it 
acquired Paramount. 

But be pointed outfoat he did not need 
to know much about films to make 
money at them. Mr. Icahn also owns a 
Kentucky horse breeder, Foxfields Thor- 
oughbreds, and, as he said, “I don’t know 
a hell of a lot about horses, but I make a 
hell of a lot of money breeding'foem. It's 
better if you don't know anything.” 

He is leaving it up to Mr. Cohen, 49, 
who recently has been teaching about 
film in Florida, to buy small movies that 
“fall through the cracks,” Mr. Icahn said. 
“Paul is going to run with the ball" 


Mr. Cohen, who once ran Anes Re- 
leasing and Analysis Films, two inde- 
pendent distributors that have since 
closed, is settling Stratosphere into of- 
fices space adjoining Mr. Icahn ’s on 
Fifth Avenue in New York. 

“We're using foe common reception 
areas," he said, while conceding that 
the sight of the Monet and other ex- 
pensive artworks in Mr. Icahn's part of 
the bunding might inspire independent 
producers to raise their asking prices for 
their films. 

Mr. Cohen was introduced to Mr. 
Icahn seven months ago by a mutual 
friend, Herbert Beigel, a lawyer. 

“I really believe Carl is taking pnde 
in this company as his company," Mr. 
Cohen said. “It sets the right stage for 
anything else he might want to do.” 

Mr. Cohen’s greatest successes were 
“The Bad Lieutenant," which took in 
$2.7 million in North America and did 
well on video; “The Chosen,” and 
“My Brilliant Career,” which made 
between $4 milli on and $8 million. 


Now he says he hopes to buy films for 
$5 million to $10 million 


lion and is eager to 

work with directors such as Charles 
Burnett (“To Sleep With Anger") and 
producers such as Edward Pressman 
(who, as an independent, made “Bad- 
lands" and “Plenty"). He admits that 
being set up in a new company by Mr. 
Icahn feels like w innin g foe lottery- 

“What matters is what we do in terms 
of marketing,” Mr. Cohen said. Stra- 
tosphere, he added, will need to spend a 
great deal oq advertising. The $50 mil- 
lion that Mr. Icahn is putting up will go 
a long way toward releasing 12 films 
each year, he said. 

Mr. Cohen says he has a fallback plan 
as he begins work for a once-notonous 
corporate raider. The Stratosphere of- 
fice has a separate door leading straight 
to the elevators, he noted: “I have that 
exit in case Carl starts chasing me.” 


On-Line Books: Click to Page One 
Of a Brave New Business Story 


■■■■■■■■■■ 


By Beth Berselli 

Washington Post Sen-ice 




WASHINGTON — Intu- 
itively, it doesn’t make sense. 
A Washington publisher. Na- 
tional Academy Press, posted 
1,700 of its current titles on 
foe Internet, thereby letting 
everyone read books for free, 
and foe next year its sales 
increased by 17 percent. 

What about that saying that 
no one wants to buy foe cow if 
they can get the milk for 
free? 

Well,- in foe case of cy- 
berspace. National Academy 
Press, primarily an academic 
publisher, has found that of- 
fering to quench the reader’s 
thirst is good business. Most 
readers don't gulp down foe 
entire book on-line '■ — after 
ail, reading off a computer 
screen is hardly a pleasurable 
experience — but instead sip 
slowly, skimming certain sec- 
tions much as they would 
browse at a bookstore. Once 
their appetite is whetted, they 
offer up their credit cards ana 
buy foe book. And foe com- 
pany rings up another sale. 


Electronic book publishing 
is largely an infant business, 
accounting for a tiny part of 
the S20 billion-a-year pub- 
lishing industiy. Publishers 
may be rushing to sell their 
books on-line, but few have 
embraced the idea of offering 
foe actual goods on their Web 
sites — a chapter or two, 
maybe, but not the whole 
book. They cite a variety of 
reasons for their resistance, 
including excessive start-up 
costs, copyright concerns and 
the belief that such freebies 
will hurt sales. 

But publishers who have 
ventured on-line say those 
fears are unfounded. Mostly 
nonprofit operations like Na- 
tional Academy Press and 
university presses, these pub- 
lishers say foe cost — on av- 
erage $250,000 to $400,000 a 
year — is reasonable when 
foe eventual payoff is con- 
sidered. Copyright issues can 
be easily navigated — indeed, 
many authors request foe ad- 
ditional exposure. They fur- 
ther praise the new medium as 
a marketing tool foal helps 
titles stand out amid foe 


50.000 books published each 
year in foe United States. 

But most important, they 
say, readers will benefit. 
“They will never have to 
worry that a book won't be 
available,” said Scott Lubeck, 
National Academy Press’s 
former director, who initiated 
foe on-line project in 1994. 

Charged since 1863 with 
disseminating foe works of 
the National Academy of Sci- 
ences, National Academy 
Press publishes about 200 
books each year, primarily on 
science, technology and 
health issues. The books are. 
in fact, policy reports by Na- 
tional Academy of Science 
scholars — for example. Na- 
tional Science Education 
Standards. which sold 

150.000 copies. 

National Academy Press’s 
book sales for foe 1997 fiscal 
year, which ended in June, 
were $5.5 million, with 5 per- 
cent, or $275,000, coming 
from orders placed over the 
Internet Company officials 
say, though, that foe Web 
project has also increased 
phone sales of books. 


MEDIA: Battle Over Advertisers 9 Arpi-Twisting 


Continued from Page 13 


.1 


signed the letter. But Steve 
Harris, a Chrysler spokes- 
man, said, “To the best of my 
knowledge, everybody 
a agreed” and added that foe 
company had been using foe 
letter since 1994. 

Mr. Harris also said the let- 
ter had been blown out of 
proportion. “We never asked 
for table of contents, never 
asked for editorial copy, nev- 
er asked for photographs." he 
said. "We simply wanted to 
make sure our advertising 
was not placed next to ed- 
itorial that might run against 
our guidelines, such as ma- 
terial with strong, graphic 
sexual content. 

“That has been taken and 
misinterpreted.” he contin- 
ued, “as trying to exert ed- 
itorial control over these 
magazines.” 

Without referring directly 
to the Chrysler letter, foe 
I American Society of 
v Magazine Editors issued a 
statement U) June expressing 


concern "that some advert- 
isers may mistake an early 
warning as an open invitation 
to pressure foe publisher or 
editor to alter, or even kill, foe 
article in question.” 

Two months later, foe So- 
ciety of Publication Design- 
ers wrote directly to Chrysler, 
calling foe automobile com- 
pany’s requirements “at foe 
very least, arrogance in foe 
extreme" and at worst, 
“blatant censorship." 

Last week's statement, 
demonstrating that publishers 
and editors have now joined 
forces, should put advertisers 
on notice, some industry ex- 
ecutives said. 

“It’s saying to the advert- 
isers: It’s not just those crazy 
editors hiding behind editor- 
ial integrity and foe First 
Amendment,” said Stephen 
Shepard, editor of Business 
Week. “The publishers who 
represent the business side of 
these magazines are making a 
strong statement. ’ 1 

But others see the state- 
ment as largely symbolic — 


and something of a luxury. 

“It’s one tiling to make 
high moral pronouncements 
when the money's rolling 
in,” said John Huey, man- 
aging editor of Fortune. "But 
things get a little quieter when 
foe bucks dry up.” 


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PAGE 20 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


2 Who Fell Off Planet Hollywood 


T he Malaysian princess and the one- 
time national security adviser to Pres- 
ident Ronald Reagan spent hours 
talking business at tfie Sl Regis Hotel 
in New York City. 

■ Before that day in January 1994 was over,' 
Princess Zarina Zainal signed a single-page 


By Charles V. Bagli 

Sew York Times Service 


i iub-vm ” - — o — r-o- 

document prepared by the former adviser, 
Richard Alien, that expressed an “intent to 


Richard Alien, that expressed an “intent to 
enter into a joint venture” to develop a Planet 
Hollywood franchise in Kuala Lumpur. She 
also wired SI million to his company's ac- 
count. Now. more than three years later, Ku- 
ala Lumpur is still without one of the glitzy 
Planet Hollywood restaurants. 

Mr. Allen’s company, which was supposed 
to have developed a dozen restaurants by now, 
wound up opening just one, in Seoul, which 
closed within months. 

■ What is more, his company's franchise 
rights — and by extension, the princess' — 
were sold back to Planet Hollywood Inter- 
national Inc. in late 1995 for an indefinite 
amount that could turn out to be zero, and Mr. 
Allen's role is now largely filled by Ong Beng 
Seng, a Singapore bilUonaire. 

As for Princess Zarina, she is still out SI 
million. 

■ In short, the only talking that the princess 
and the former White House aide are doing 
these days is through their lawyers, in a 
tangled suit now making its way through State 
Supreme Court in New York City. 

The court battle offers a bare-knuckles ac- 
count of the early days of Planet Hollywood. It 
also gives a flavor of the complex entan- 
glements and embarrassing problems that can 
confront any company trying to grow quickly, 
especially outside its home country. 

In her suit, the princess is seeking $16 
million in damages. 

Accusing Mr. Allen of fraud, she says he 
sold her interest in the venture without her 
permission to get out from under his mounting 
financial obligations. She also accuses Mr. 
Ong and Robert Earl, Planet Hollywood's 
chief executive, of scheming with Mr. Allen 
to take away her stake. 

“I am angry and disgusted.” the princess 
said recently. “Never in a million years did I 
think someone from such an impressive back- 
ground would stoop to this level/' 

The allegations are hotly disputed by Mr. 
Allen, Mr. Ong and Mr. EarL 

In court papers, Mr. Allen contends, among 
other things, that “no binding contractual 
relationship was created” with the princess. 
But while he has been unclear about the nature 
of the relationship, he says in the legal papers 
that the princess knew of the sale of their 
rights back to the company and failed to object 
and that she “would be expected to share” in 
the proceeds of that sale. Mr. Earl says he did 
not know of any arrangement with the prin- 
cess. Mr. Ong has been dropped from the suit 


on jurisdictional grounds, 
There was plenty of 


There was plenty of need for investors 
when Planet Hollywood was bom in October 
1991. Mr. Earl founded the company while 


still pinning the Hard Rock Cafe chain. 

Once on his own, Mr. Earl put into motion 
ambitious plans for a global presence. This 
included the marketing gimmick of having 
stars such as Bruce Willis. Sylvester Stallone 
and Arnold Schwarzenegger attend openings 
in return for stock. It also included a pressing 
need for money. 

Princess Zarina, who is 50 and has been 
divorced for a decade from Prince Idris Shah 
of Selangor, one of the nine states that make 
up Malaysia, leads an international life, with 
homes in London, New York City and 
Southampton. New York. She saw the Planet 
Hollywood deal as a golden opportunity. 

“I just tone w it would make money,” the 

princess said. ‘ ‘Malaysia was up and coining. 
Everything there is Americanized. The pop 
stars and the film stars would be sucb an 
attraction.” 

With his White House background and 
international political and corporate contacts, 
Mr. Allen. 61. seemed the perfect ally. He and 
his partner. William Nicholson, the former 
chief operating officer of Amway Corp., 
scored a coup in November 1992 when they 
signed a master agreement with Mr. Earl for 
Planet Hollywood franchises in 12 cities, 
mainly in Asia. 

But the agreement, the biggest granted by 
Mr. Earl at that point was an opportunity 
woven with enormous risks because of its 
relentless schedule and demand for capital. 
The deal eventually threatened Planet Hol- 
lywood’s reputation for success just when it 
intended to make a public stock offering. 

Every three or four months, Mr. Allen's 
company had to select a city in which to open 
a restaurant, and pay a $2 million fee, until it 
had filled its- 12-city roster. If the company 
failed to meet two consecutive deadlines. Plan- 
et Hollywood could revoke ail its future rights. 
Other penalties applied if it faded to open a 
restaurant within three years of paying a fee. 

A dding to the pressure was Planet 
Hollywood's growing relationship 
with Mr. Ong. A month after Mr. 
Earl's deal with Mr. Alien, Planet 
Hollywood solidified its links to the wealthier 
and better-connected Mr. Ong, forming Plan- 
et Hollywood- Asia, a joint venture to develop 
restaurants in much of Asia. Although Mr. 
Allen’s list of cities was supposed to be off 
limits, Mr. Allen learned, according to a vari- 
ety of documents, that Mr. Ong’s people were 
scouting in Bangkok, where Mr. Allen had 
exclusive rights. 

Mr. Allen was quickly struggling to meet 
his company's deadlines. 

Faced with the need to come up with another 
$2 million by Jan. 20, 1994, Mr. Allen arranged 
in late 1993 to meet Princess Zarina to discuss 
Kuala Lumpur, where Mr. Allen said in a letter 
to her that “we have already located a fine site 
with an excellent partner.” That afternoon, 
they signed the document at the core of the case. 
The single page provided that each side invest 
half of the $2 million fee. It also envisioned a 
possible third partner agreeable to both. 

For the next two years, the princess kept op 
a cheery correspondence with Mr. Allen, ob- 
livious to the difficulties his company was 


facing. In May 1994, Mr. Allen, whose 
company had by then put up $S millio n 
for the rights to open restaurants in 
Seoul, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and 
Taipei, failed to meet the next S2 mil- 
lion deadline. 

That month, at the urging of Mr. 

Earl, Mr. Allen met with Mr. Ong and 
an associate to discuss a possible sale 
of his company's franchise rights. The 
associate turned out to be Prince Idris, 
the princess' ex-husband. 

Princess Zarina said she was unaware 
of these contacts but had made it clear in 
earlier discussions with Mr. Allen that 
she had no desire to become partners 
with either the prince or Mr. Ong. Prin- 
cess Zarina also contends that she had 
rebuffed repeated offers from Mr. Ong 
to buy her interest She continued, she 
said, to seek out investors in Malaysia 
for the Kuala Lumpur project 

Mr. Allen managed to put down $2 
million for a franchise in Vancouver, in 
September 1994, but another deadline 
was looming in December. 

Mr. Allen's company missed that 
deadline and another the following 
March, forfeiting its rights to any ad- h, 
ditional cities. Not long after, in May 
1995, Mr. Allen was strug glin g with ^ 
the only opening he had managed to g* 
pull off, in Seoul 

Mr. Earl said his view of Mr. Allen p . 
shifted sharply as reports came in thar rr,n 
the Seoul franchise was having trouble 
paying bills and that die local partners were 
squabbling. 

“It was one of the most serious incidents in 
Planet Hollywood’s entire history,” Mr. Earl 
said through his lawyer. 



Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 

• fflSG 

1 W» , 

15350 kfi 

14000 /r 

13000 J ■ 


Singapore 
Straits Times 


Tokyo 

N&kaRS 



Ml** — “ - 1 

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12311 A M JJ AS 


1997 

Exchange 


. ... . 

A M J J A S 
1397 


Tuesday Prau. ■.* 

Ctoae Close- Change! 
1*04930 T4.6843? +1.24 ; 
ijBSASt f.334.fc *1.03 ; 
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22*57.08- 23 3863 *0.14 ! 

330233 . -020 ; 

l:<U'huhPW< Her A) Tnhuiv * 


Hong Kong Hang Sang 

Singapore Shafts Ttmas 

Sydney AH Onknaries 

Tokyo ” f'Stkei 225 
Kuala Uanpw Composite < 


Bangkok 

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Manila 


Jakarta 


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Woffington 
Bombay ~ 


SET 

“Composite; fficiax 
"StockMarket Index 
PSE 

"Composite Index 

"nzse3o“ 
Sensitive Index 


Source: Telekurs 


T - tE- 
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Very briefly: 


Thi- V, fcrk Tirar, 


Princess Zarina, litigant and former investor. 


besides failing to obtain her consent, had sold 
her interest for essentially nothing because 
“no Planet Hollywood restaurant has ever 
earned a profit in "its first year.” 

However the litigation sorts itself out, Plan- 


In July 1995, Planet Hollywood notified et Hollywood is still grappling with the pace 
Mr. Allen's company that it had breached its of its growth. 


agreement by falling to pay its suppliers and 
its continuing fees and by failing to “preserve 
the goodwill and reputation associated with 
the Planet Hollywood trademarks." 

Tense negotiations continued for months, 
cul minating in a deal Nov. 28, 1995, in which 
Mr. Allen’s company forfeited $8 million in 
fees. In return. Planet Hollywood agreed to 
buy back the rights to open restaurants in 
Taipei, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and Van- 
couver for six times each restaurant's first- 


In just six years, Mr. Earl can point ro 63 
>mDanv -owned or franchised Planet Hol- 


company -o w ned or franchised Planet Hol- 
ly-woods in 23 countries plus 10 Official All- 
Star Cafes. 

Overall financial results are up strongly, 
with net earnings of S77 million expected this 
year, more than double last year’s $37.7 mil- 
lion, on sales of S532 million, compared with 
$373 million in 1996. 

Ominously, though, average sales at ex- 
isting restaurants fell 13.8 percent last year 


year net income, minus the cost of developing and may be off a further i 0 percent this year, 
and one nine the sites. Mr. Allen's company according to an analysis by PaineWebber. 


and opening the sites. Mr. Allen's company 
lost its $2 million fee in Seoul with the col- 
lapse of the restaurant there. 

Two weeks later, Mr. Allen responded to a 
series of frantic notes from Princess Zarina 
asking about reports from Malaysia that Mr. 
Ong had been ^boosting” that "he will get 
our stakes for literally free.” In a letter dated 
Dec. 15, 1995, Mr. Allen denied having had 
any “contact” with Mr. Ong and, despite 
signing the Nov. 28 agreement, said he did not 
have “anything final to share” regarding his 
discussions with Mr. Earl about “folding our 
franchises in Asia into Planet Hollywood’s-on 
a very interesting basis.” 

In her suit. Princess Zarina contends that 
the letter was deceptive. She said Mr. Allen, 


according to an analysis by PaineWebber. 

Planet Hollywood stock has cooled off, too. 
Offered at $1.8 a share in April 1996, it ended 
its first day of trading at $26,875. In afternoon 
trading Tuesday, the stock was quoted at $19, 
down 25 cents from Monday’s close. 

“The drop-off in existing- store sales,” said 
Craig Bibb, an analyst with PaineWebber, 
“has only increased concerns” about the 
longevity of the Planet Hollywood concept. 

Mr. Allen may soon get his own sense of 
bow strong the concept is. 

This year. Planet Hollywood opened in two 
cities where he once held franchises: Bangkok 
and Vancouver. Sometime next year, he win 
learn whether six times net income amounts to 
anything at alL 


• Sony Corp. and Toyota Motor Corp. will invest 50 billion ; 

yen {$412.2 million) in a venture to make liquid-crystal- i 
display panels. ; 

• Bankers Trust New York Corp. agreed to buy call options • 
on 15 billion yen of Nippon Credit Bank Ltd- stock over the; 
next three years. Hie options, if exercised, would raise the U.S. - 
company's eqiiTty stoke in Nippon Credit to nearly 4 percent.’ 

• Japan’s vehicle exports rose 42 percent in August from a\ 

year earlier, to 369,659. helped by a combination of a weaker . IS 
yen and strong demand for sport-utility vehicles. It was the - * 
15th consecutive monthly increase. ! 

• Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Corp. and Hong Kong' 
Telecommunications Ltd. plan to extend their newly launched 
experimental high-speed line to Thailand in November. 

• Matsushita Electric Philippines Corp. will begin increas-; 

mg the local content of its products because of concerns over; 
the weakness of the Philippine peso. 1 

• Fletcher Challenge Ltd. of New Zealand's Canadian sub-] 

sidiary sold its U.S. paper mill. Blandin Paper Co., to UPM-. 
Kymmene Corp. of Finland for $650 million. ; 

• Cable & Wireless PLC bought an additional 5.75 percent* 

stake in Asia Satellite Telecommunications Holdings Ltd.; 
from Hutchison Whampoa Ltd. for 458.6 million Hong. 
Kong dollars {$59.3 million). Bhmmberjt. Rnum . a FP. afx | 


• ' jtf 
■ ...?*• 
: * 


Li Raises Hongkong Land Slake: r 


Bfuomhert’ News ~ 

HONG KONG — Li Ka-shing, the billionaire property- 
developer. raised his stake in Hongkong Land Holdings Ltd. to; 
about 4 percent, giving him more leverage over one of Hong." 
Kong’s biggest landlords. 

The move was disclosed less than a week after Mr. Li raised I 
his stake in Jardine Motheson Holdings Ltd., Hongkong- 
Land's parent company. Shares in Hongkong Land, which is] 
listed in Singapore, rose 6 cents to close at $3.40. 



Thailand Central Bank: Not So Open 

Report on Exports Omits Promised Data on Currency Positions 


- 


rm 


By Thomas Crampton 


Special to the Herald Tribune 


BANGKOK — In the first snapshot 
of the Thai economy since the notation 
of the baht in July led to a wave of 
currency instability in the region, the 
central bank said Tuesday that exports 
surged in August and early September 
but that the country’s net capital out- 
flow continued. 

While the figures were in line with 
expectations, analysts expressed con- 
cern over the central bank's reluctance 
to follow through on government 
promises of increased transparency 
about foreign reserves. 

The bank said cash foreign currency 
reserves were $28.4 billion on SepL 15, 


up $2.5 billion from the end of August 
“The increase reflected a $2.4 billion 


“The increase reflected a $2.4 billion 
drawing on a $17.2 billion Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund credit line set up 
to maintain Thailand's reserves. 

But. contrary to officials' promises, 
the report did not disclose the central 
bank's forward currency position. 

Analysts saw this as contradictoiy to 
the government’s stated policy on im- 


proving the transparency of its finan- 
cial reporting. Throughout the cur- 
rency crisis that swept across Southeast 
Asia after the flotation of the baht, the 


IMF has been urging central banks to 
practice more complete disclosure. 

Private estimates suggest the central 
bank has been buying forward oblig- 
ations to cushion the fell of the baht. 
The last official disclosure put the 
bank's forward obligations at $23.4 
billion as of July 2. According to a 
briefing by the Foreign Bankers As- 
sociation, these obligations could have 
risen to $27.9 billion by Aug. 14. 

Last week. Deputy Prime Minister 
Virabongse Ramangkura told the For- 
eign Correspondent’s Club of Thai- 
land, “We will disclose our foreign- 
exchange cash reserve position and fu- 
ture complements twice a month.” 

On Tufejday, however, Kleothong 
HetrakuL bead of the central bank’s 
research department, said the bank 
would only release the forward po- 
sition when the bank deemed it worth- 
while to do so. 

“ It is not required by the IMF, so we 
reserve the right to release it when 
there is a significant change,” Miss 
Kleothong said. 

The report said that exports rose 
24.2 percent in July from a year earlier, 
speeding up sharply from a 93 percent 
year-on-year increase in June. Factor- 
ing in the fell of the baht, however, 
Miss Kleothong. said the actual in- 


crease in dollar terms was about 8 


percent. 

Miss Kleothong also acknowledged 
that, because of the climate of political 
and economic uncertainty, net capital 
outflow from the counter continued, 
with 49.8 billion baht {$1.43 billion! 
leaving the country in July. The net 
capital outflow of the nonbank sector 
for the fust seven months of the year 
was 127.2 billion bahL 

Separately, Deputy Finance Minis- 
ter Chaturon Chaiseng warned that the 
government might not meet an IMF 
requirement to deliver a budget surplus 
of 1 percent of gross domestic product, 
or more than 50 billion baht, for the 
year ending in September 1998. 

■ Dollar Demand Hits Rupiah 

Southeast Asian currencies tumbled, 
with the Indonesian rupiah down 


-* - j*,**- 




,:r v 


•' .Vf V 


nearly 2 percent at one point as debt- 
laden Indonesian companies rushed to 
buy the dollars, Bloomberg News re- 
ported from Kuala Lumpur. 

“Things are still looking very bear- 
ish because of corporate demand" for 
dollars, said Owen Wong, manager for 
regional currencies at Tokai Bank in 
Singapore. The rupiah was quoted as 
low as 3385 to the dollar, compared 
with 3,223 the day before. 


Broken Hilt Tightens Reins to Lift Profit 


Piaget Citea 


Exceptional character. 


Cmfibd hy Our Frvtn Dtxpartrs 

MELBOURNE — Broken Hill Pro- 
prietary Co. said Tuesday it had shuffled 
its management, giving top executives a 
tighter rein on the sprawling company to 


erais and coaL BHP Steel will be split 


into integrated steel and steel products. 
The BHP Petroleum, BHP Cooper and 


help raise its profit and its share price. 
BHP. struggling to retain the mantii 


In 18 cam vcDnw or white gnkl ihe Piaget C 1 *** affirms its 


ctuterafvra} sis k- ailh its distinctive flange, choice of dials 


and rounded sapphire cryaaL With a leather strap or gold 


taaceta. the ladies" models arc also set with diamonds. 


PiageT 


BHP. struggling to retain the mantle 
of Australia’s largest company, will cre- 
ate eight businesses from the previous 
five, splitting its steel unit in two and its 
minerals businesses into three parts and 
putting 17 executives into new roles. 

The changes are a response to the 
company's falling earnings and stock 
price, ballooning costs of its major proj- 
ects and the resignation of three senior 
executives in August 
. BHP Minerals will be split into di- 
visions for ferrous minerals, world min- 


Tbe BHP Petroleum, BHP Copper and 
BHP Service Cos. units are unchanged. 

BHP’s previous structure did not 
make executives accountable enough for 
their actions, the company’s managing 
director, John Prescott, said. 

Although BHP’s decentralized man- 
agement structure served it well in the 
past two decades, Mr. Prescon said in his 
announcement, “It has allowed patterns 
of behavior to evolve which have un- 
dermined that success.” 

■ The new structure includes a three- 
member office of the chief executive, 
bringing in a -former BHP Steel chief 
executive. Ron McNeilly, and a former 
executive general, manager of finance 


for the company, Graeme McGregor. * 
BHP’s profit fell 1 percent in its first ; 
quarter from the year-earlier period, and i 
the company had a loss of 712 million; 
Australian dol lars ($5 1 2.2 million) in the ] 
previous quarter as the company slashed * 
the value of its steel and copper units. ! 
It recently said the cost of a hot bri-* 


quetted iron plant in Western Australia;-^ 
stare had nearly doubled to as much as > T 


stare had nearly doubled to as much as • 
2.45 billion dollars. ; 

BHP’s shares fell 19 percent in less I 
than three months to reach a 12-month* 
low of 15.44 dollars on Sept. 9. This! 
allowed National Australia Bank Ltd.] 
briefly to surpass it as Australia's largest; 
company, a spot BHP has held far 17 , 
years. BHP closed Tuesday at 16.08/ 
down 0.12. ( Bloomberg . AFX)] 


Japan’s Output Slump Is Deeper Than Expected 

CdhvMI At fh* KbiB Frryrt Dnud he 1 : : * .■ « • ■ ■ . . 


JOAILL1ER EN HORLOGER1E DEPUIS 1874 


PIAGET Boutiques : Geneva - Paris - Monaco - Barcelona - London - New York 
Hong Kong - Singapore - Kuala Lumpur and at the best jewellers throughout the world. 


ft, Ow Frpm Papufchn 

TOKYO — Industrial production fell 
more than expected in August from July, 
the Ministry of International Trade and 
Industry said Tuesday, and sluggish 
growth was forecast for die coming 
months- 


sales and rising inventories, triggered by 
a series of tax increases this year, drove 
companies to slash output, the ministry 
said. The August decline was worse than 
the ministry's forecast of 0.9 percent Its 
forecasters expect production to remain 
weak in the months ahead, with increases 


business sentiment, and analysts predict; 
it will show thar managers have become, 
more cautious about their prospects. * 
A tankan survey released in June! 


showed feat companies expected capital’ 
spending to decline an average of 2.6; 


■ ■■w— — M* wrnwnm mwumw i linwi, wim UIU LdJWJ 

Industrial production, a key measure of only 0.7 percent in September and 0.8 
of manufacturing, declined 2.2 percent in percent in October. 

InWaAai-ncm. 1 *7 T, , I . . T. /V. < i. . , 


August after rising 1 .7 percent m July. It 
was fee fifth slide in seven months. Slow 


On Wednesday, Japan’s central bank 


percent daring the year ending in March.* 
1998. Small companies expected to spend; 
12.6 percent less, while large companies' 
expected spending to grow 4.6 percent.; 


is to release its quarterly tankan survey of fee survey said. (Bloomberg. Reuters )' 












































































































rld Roundup 


Fines for 4 Chibs 

RUGBY UNION European Cup or- 
ganizers fined two Welsh clubs and 
two French clubs a total of 
£100,000 ($180,000) on Tuesday 
over violent clashes in, and after, 
matches in France. But Llanelli of 
Wales refused to pay die fine. 

European Cup Rugby fined 
Brive or France and Pontypridd of 
Wales Pontypridd £30,000 each 
and warned them about their future 
conduct. 

i.ii ure fli ami Pau were fined 
£20,000 each. ERC ordered the two 
clubs topay £10,000 each within 21 
days. The balance was suspended 
and payable only if either of the 
clubs committed a further offense 
before the end of the season. 

But Llanelli team said it would 
not pay die fine until ERC could 
prove that it was lawful. ( Reuters ) 

White Sox Fire Manager 

baseball Terry Bevington was 
fired Tuesday as manager of the 
Chicago White Sox following an 
80-8 1 season in which his team had 
one of baseball's highest payrolls. 

The club also signed Frank 
Thomas, 29, to a six-year contract 
extension that will keep him at the 
club until 2006. Terms of the deal 
were not revealed. His previous 
con tract guaranteed him $29 million 
for four years from 1995-98. (AP) 

Royals Are for Sale 


bawtuli The Kansas City 
Royals are officially for sale. The 
board of directors reversed its de- 
cision to wait another year and 
voted to begin the bidding process. 

Three groups are known to have 
interest. One includes George Brett, 
who retired in 1993 after a 20-year 
career with the Royals. The others 
are headed by Jerry Green, a local 
banker and car dealer, and David 
Oddo, a Kansas City businessman. 

David Glass, the chai rman of the 
Royals board who is also the chair- 
man. of Wal-Mart, Inc., said he 
would not be a bidder. (AP) 

The Cursed dub 

soccer The president of 
Colombian first division side De- 
portes Pereira said Tuesday that his 
relegation-threatened club had 
been victims of witchcraft after a 
dead black chicken was found a 
directors’ box. 

Augusto Ramirez said (he an- 
imal was found strung up with 
lighting cable at the club’s Human 
Ramirez stadium. He added that 
three bags containing earth from a 
nearby cemetery were also found 
arranged in a line together with 
“some markings which we could 
not understand." 

Ramirez said that club directors 
and supporters would organize a 
ceremony to ward off evil spirits 
which he said had been responsible 
for Pereira's disappointing cam- 
paign. (Reuters) 


Karol Kucera serving to Gor- 
an IvanBevic on Tuesday in the 
first round of the Swiss Indoor 
tournament in Basel. Kucera 
beat the No. 3 seed, 6-4, 6-3 


Scoreboard 

Irtdtanopofis 


Japanese Leagues 


W L T Pet 
79 49 2 jAI5 


X.YofcutT 79 49 2 415 

Yokohama 69 57 D SB 

Hmtama 64 43 Q StJft 

YonWeri AO 71 0 .458 

Mansion 57 72 1 .442 

ChunlcN 56 74 1 xn 

x-cflncfied league Hie 


Jcdcsomflto 
Ball more 

Ptoshomti 

OndmaM 
. GB Tennessee 

9 Denver 
U Karoos Oty 
2DK Oakland 
22% Son Diego 
24 Seattle 


W L T Pci .G« 
Seibu 73 S3 3 J78 -» 

Orix 65 57 3 £32 6 

Kintetsu £5 61 4 J1S 8 

DqW 59 M 1 469 14 

Nippon Kom 61 71 I 462 is 

Lone SS 69 2 444 17 

rawer* hotus 

CEMTAAL LEAGUE 
OrenichtA Yakvfil 
Yokohama 6. Yandwl 4 
Honhta 4. Hiroshima 3 

mane league 
O rfe&SefeaS 
Lotte 6 Nippon Ham 4 


NFL STANDwas 


EAST 

w it pa pf pa 

New England 4 0 CM .000 130 40 

N.Y.Jets 3 2 0 MO 141 94 

Buffalo 2 2 0 J00 94 M3 

Miami 2 2 0 J00 71 77 


1 » j 

r#i 

» jm 


■ 





B ’WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1/ . , }( \ 


' V- • ' . 

... . ^ >> ' 


u "V.. '** . * 4 


Hi -_3- 

•■r 

7 * 






Braves Win Opener 
Over the Astros, 2-1 

Atlanta Makes Its 2 Hits Count 


% -T# 


* i 





■> > '.‘-i » V 

' - - o 

■■■■*&.:/ •• *><*** 

•s 

***' **»■ . 

V ** . v. - - • 


The Associated Press 

ATLANTA — Greg Maddux limited 
the Houston Astros to just seven singles 
Tuesday as Atlanta won dm first game 
of the National League playoffs, 2-1. 

Kenny Lofton, hampered most of the 
season by a pulled groin muscle, created 
a first- inning run with his daring on die 
basepaths. 

Darryl Kile and two relievers held the 
Braves to only two hits — none after die 
first pitch in the second inning — but 

Atlanta scored a run off each one, show- 
ing the experience of making an un- 
precedented sixth straight postseason 


~ ~.y , . *•< •• .. 

. • . • * >• ■ ■ .. 

... - * ■ - 
V- .■ '*• *• . '• 


Bow Witnitllx Am tirtorll Pnm 

Johan de Koch of Schalke, left, and Kazimir Vulic of Hajduk battling for the ball Tuesday in the UEFA Cup. 

Bierhoff ’s Goal Is a Double First 

Neither His Grandmother Nor His Chib Had Seen Its Like Before 


Houston, making its first postseason 
appearance since 1986, has played the 
Braves close all year. The 11 regular- 
season games were decided by one or 
two runs, with Atlanta winning seven. 

Atlanta, a one-base-at-a-dme teem 
(hiring most of its run as the team of die 
1990s, acquired Lofton in a blockbuster 
trade with Cleveland during training 
camp. But the injury and his tmramiliarity 
with National League pitchers held him 
to 27 stolen bases, the lowest output of his 
major league career in a full season. 



# ' 


CoapBedhfOwSioffFwmDi^aicfta 

Oliver Bieihoff scored Udinese’s 
first goal in European competition on 
Tuesday to set the Italian team on hs 
way to a 3-0 victory over Widzew Lodz 
of Poland and a place in die second 
round of the UEFA Cup. 

The Italian club had lost 1-0 in Poland 
in its first European match two weeks 
earlier. In the return match, Bierhoff, a 
German international, struck in the 

UIFACupSoccib 

Opening minute, st mlring hnum his i hi i ri 
goal of the season after the Poles had 
failed to clear a deep cross from the left 

BietfaoETs early strike was a perfect 
present for his 86-year-old Italian-born 
grandmother, who was watching her 
grandson play for the first time. 

The Goman’s maternal family hails 
from the Udine region, near Italy’s bor- 
ders with Slovenia and Austria, and his 
grandmother, who lives in Germany, 
decided to take in the match during a 
nostalgic trip to her birthplace. 

Udinese took an aggregate lead in just 
six minutes after a fine ran and left-foot 
strike from Paolo PoggL 

The Italians dominated the rest of the 
match, but found the crucial third goal 
only after 89 minutes, when Thomas 
Locate Ui sewed his second of the sea- 
son. 

I860 Munich a, Jm Pori 1 After a 28- 
year absence 1860 Munich celebrated its 
first home game in European competition 
by demolishing Jazz Pori of Finland. 

The * ‘other’ ’ Munich club, older, but 
less glamorous, than German champion 
Bayern, progressed to the second round 
7-1 on aggregate. 

In its first home European outing 
since 1969, Munich produced an im- 
pressive display of attacking football. 

Veteran striker Bernhard Winkler put 
Munich in front from close range in die 
34th minute and completed the scoring in 
the 7 1st. In between. HaraklCerny.Joerg 
Boefame, Peter Nowak and Matthias 
Hamann were on target while Uruguay- 
an striker Alvaro Mendez scored a late 
consolation for the Finns — who cel- 
ebrated as if they had won the match. 

tin t ta l i! Mo a lo w 2 , sion 2 Spartak, the 
Russian champion, struggled against 
feisty Sion of Switzerland, but stm ad- 
vanced to the second round. 

Denis Lota, a Zambian international, 
scored twice for Sion. But the Russians 
advanced 3-2 on aggregate following 
their 1-0 victory in Switzerland in the 
first match. Lota scored his first goal 
after just four minutes. Alexander 
Shirko leveled after 19 minutes, and 
both teams had opportunities to go 
ahead. 

Numerous chances went begging for 
Spartak until Dmitri Alenichev slotted 


the ball past onrushing keeper Fabrice 
Borer in die 54th minute. 

Lota bagged his second go the break 
with 17 minutes remaining and Sion 
pressed forward looking for a winner. 

film! — I— jfcMlg-fKMttpUR 

MTK withstood 90 minutes of frantic 
but wayward pressure in Vladikavkaz, 
Russia, to secure a draw with Alania and 
reach the second round. 

MTK led 3-0 from the first leg. Yuri 
Moroz, a Ukrainian defender, pulled a 
goal back for Alania in the 17th minute. 
But the Russian team could not scare 
again and Gabor Halmai replied for die 
Hungarians with a close-range header in 
the 85th minute. 

A »iuti» o« th is i,k— Iwm HhI InLaiuaca, 
Cyprus, Karlsruhe of Germany 
squeaked through to the second round 
with a 3-2 aggregate victory. 

Vesco Mihail ovic, the star striker for 
the Cypriot team, hit the crossbar in the 
fifth minute and opened the scaring 
eight minutes later with a powerful drive 
into the right-hand annex of the goal. 

Guenther Schepens equalized in the 
41st minute. 

Ftn orf ui h c a l.StHauaBn chwit 2 In 
Istanbul, Steaua Bucharest silenced the 
Fenerbahce’s fans with two first half 
goals, then weathered the home side’s 
second half fightback to win 2-1 on the 
nigfrt and on aggregate. 

The first leg of this first round tie had 
ended in a goalless draw. 

Damian Militaru scored the first from 
a free kick. Christian Ciocoiu grabbed 
the second just at half time, faking goal- 
keeper Ruscu Rencber and hitting die 
open goaL 

Bosnian striker Elvir Bolic headed a 
goal back but sustained periods of pres- 
sure from the Turkish side came to 
nothing 

Dawnc Ttri&sJ 1, Mozyr P a li n 0 

After a dour first half in Tblisi, Dinamo 
seized the initiative when Kakha Goge- 
chaishvili hit the Mozyr crossbar. 

In the 73d minute. Rati AJeksidze, a 
68th minute substitute, scored with a 
strong and precise strike to give Dinamo 
a 2-1 aggregate victory. 

>W» 3> Bailar Janualam O In Bel- 
gium. Bruges wore down Beitar Je- 
rusalem and scored three second-half 
goals to win 4-2 on aggregate. 

Bruges broke through in the 67th . 
minute when Nordin Jbari finished off a 
smooth move with a low shot. 

After holding out so long against 
favored Bruges, Beitar came Mart Sene- 
galese KbalBou Fadiga added a second 
three minutes later when he was given 
two open shots at goaL Gert Verheyen 
tapped in die third in the 79th minute. 

Braga 2, Vttasaa Amhant O In Por- 
tugal, Artur Jorge converted penalties in 
the 14th and 26th minutes as Braga beat 
Vitesse Arnhem of die Netherlands and 


Dafts 
W o gM n gton 
H.Y. Giants 
Arizona 


Tampa Bar 
DdreS 
Green Bay 
Mbmesata 
CUcaga 

S«i Frandsco 

C&roBrs 

Sf.Loab 

New Orleans 
Attonta 


MDJ» 54 115 
camiM. 

3 l 0 J50 no 85 

3 2 0 .600 127 92 

2 2 0 .500 79 104 

1 3 0 3S0 60 113 

1 3 a -250 71 110 

won 

5 0 QUMO 156 72 

4 i o sat iw vs 

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India wan by low widwts. Safes 1*1. 


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New J#f«r 

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TUESDAY. M MRACHU PAB8I4H 

Peftten: 265-4 in 472 own 


Manfred 

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Boston 

PtHStOTUtl 

Ottawa 

SetUo 


CENTRAL DIHSKM 
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Chicago 4 3 1 9 

Datran 4 4 1 9 

Ptwarti 4 4 1 9 

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■eno'iMmr 

NawJaser+N.Y. Wonders 3, OT 
End el Premason 


UEFA Cw 

1ST ftOUNa HAW LBO 

AnorJhBsls Fmnog, Cyp- 1, Kartsmhn Ser, I 
Kaifanitre won 3-2 an aggregate. 

Atado VtacL Rio. 1. MTX Budapest Hung, l 
MTKwon4-l an aggregate. 

Dynamo TUBA Gwagta. 1 Maz»n Betares. 0 
Dynamo TbOsf mm *-i oaaagiegata. 

Hoidrtt SpBt Cnnfia 1 Scttaka 04 Ger- 3 
5dafce won 5-2 an aggregate. 

Spate MdkoWt Rus. 2 Sknv Swfa. 2 
Spate Moscow won 3-2 on aggregate. 

IWOMuids Ger, & Jazz Part, PWcna I 
1860 ManlcD won 7-1 on ogregata. 

Udmesft Italr. X Wlrizaw Utdt. Poiand 0 
Udtaese ran 3-1 an ogongale. 

LteOanv Nor, l. Two* Enschede, ton. 2 
Agg2-2£isdieile wan on away gods rule. 

H. Pdah TBan. Isr. 1. fiapd Vienna, An* 1 
KngM Vienn a won 2-1 an aggregate. 

Peneteie* TW. 1. S. Bacharest Ron 2 
Steaaa Bodnesf wan 2-1 an aggregate. 

&Srag» Pat Z Vttesse Anriww Neta. 0 
Sporting Braga wta M an aggregate. 

W U — HMTHIOfi 

Espaayal a Merida 0 


wnuwxMM 

1. Mate Hlngifc SwOiBiaid. 6976 pts 
iJanoNowdna Czech RepoMc 3881 


reached the second round 3-2 on ag- 
gregate. 

Mats 4, ExcaWer Houscron 1 Metz of 
France crushed Excelsior Mouscron of 
Belgium to advance 6-1 on aggregate. 

Orafaro 1, Rotor Volgograd 4 Rotor 
Volgograd of Russia won comfortably 
in Sweden to advance 6-1 overalL 

Hajdidc Spot 2 , schadko 3 In Split, 
Croatia, Rene Eijkelkamp scored twice 
in the late stages as Scaalke of Ger- 
many, the defending UEFA Cup cham- 
pion, beat Hajduk 5-2 on aggregate. 

Trailing 2-0 from the first leg, the 
Cro atian*: twice led wife goals by Kazi- 
mir Vulic and Dejan Raoutica. Marc 
Wilmots, a Belgian international striker, 
replied for the visitor. (AP, Reuters) 

■ Reds Are in the Black 

Manchester United reported a record 
79 percent increase in pre-tax profits 
Tuesday £27.6 million, up from £15.4 
million in 1996, Reuters reported from 
Loudon. Turnover rose 65 percent to 
£87.9 million in fee 12 months to the end 
of July. The club made a net profit of 
£300,000 in buying and selling players. 


ing into the postseason, demonstrated 
that in the first inning. He blooped a hit 
just inside the left-field line and turned 
on fee speed to stretch it to a double. 

Lofton tagged and sprinted for third 
on a fly to medium right, sliding in just 
ahead of fee throw from Derek Bell- 
Chipper Jones brought home fee run 
wim another fly to left. 

' Ryan Klesko Led off the second wife a 
homer to right, giving the Braves a 2-0 
lead. Thai would be their final hi toffee 
day, but that was all they needed with 
Maddux on the mound. 

Working on eight days’ rest, the four- 
time Cy Young Award winner allowed 
more than one hit in only one inning and 
shutdown the top three hitters in Hous- 
ton’s order. Craig Biggio, Bell and Jeff 
Bagwell were a combined 0-for- 12 wife 
three strikeouts. 

Bagwell, who had 43 homos and 135 
runs batted in, struck out swinging in fee 
eighth wife & runner at second. Mad- 
dux's 1 14-pitch complete game ensured 
that the Braves did not have to go to their 
shaky bullpen. 

The Astros scored a most unlikely run 
in fee fifth. Wife one out, Tony Eusebio 
singled and stunned fee Braves wife fee 
first stolen base of his major league 
career. The slow-running catcher has 
gone 296 regular-season games without 
swiping a base. 

Eusebio moved to third on a groun- 
dour and scored on Kile’s single up the 


IWB 

Darryl Kyle of the Astros after 
giving up a homer to Ryan Klesko. ^ 

middle. Kile, who hit .124 wife 38 
strikeouts in 89 at-bats this season, was 
2-for-2 against Maddux. 

Fans in Atlanta have apparently grown 
so accustomed to postseason baseball 
fear the Braves failed to sell out a division 
playoff game for fee second year in a 
row. Attendance at Turner Field was 
46,467 — about 3,000 skirt of capacity. 

■ Attendance Rises Slowly 

Baseball attendance rose 5.2 percent ' 
this season » its third-highest average, 
bur remained 10.5 percent below its level 
before fee 1994-95 strike. The Asso- 
ciated Press reported from New York. 

Major league teams finished with an 
average of 28,288, up from 26.889 last 
year and an increase of 12 percent from | 
the 25,260 in 1995, fee first season 
following fee 7V6-monfe strike. 

Last raring, owners hadjxedicted a 9 
percent increase, to 29,300, 


fee increase, wife interlt^ue games 
averaging 33,407. 20.4 percent more 
than fee mtraleague average of 27,746. 

Baseball’s record average was 
31,612 in 1994, when players walked 
out in August. 

Total attendance of 63,196,222 for 
1997 was the second-highest, trailing- 
only fee 70.256,459 in 1993. Colorado 
led the majors wife 3,888,453, tying fee 
record of five consecutive seasons 
above 3 million, a mark set by Los 
Angeles from 1982 to l986andmatched 
by Toronto from 1989 to 1993. 





Fans Stone the Indians, 
But Pakistan Still Loses 


L. °>V.- 

» £- 





Reuters 

KARACHI, Pakistan — India 
beat Pakistan with three balls to 
spare Tuesday to level their 
series of three one-day matches 
at 1-1, but the match was marred 
by crowd trouble feat brought a 
premature end to the Pakistan 

inning s 

Pakistan batted first but only 
completed 48 of its allotted 50 
overs. Sachin Tendulkar, fee In- 
dian captain, led his players 

Crickit 

from the field in fee 48th over 
after several of his players had 
been hit by stones thrown from 
the stands. Pakistan had reached 
265 runs for four wickets. 

Ranjam Madugalle, fee match 
referee from Sri Lanka, then set 
India a target of 266 runs in 47 
overs. 

Tendulkar took his side off 
when Debahish Mohanty be- 
came the fourth victim of the 
stone-throwing. Abey Kur- 
il villa, Nilesh Kulkami and 
Sanrav Ganguly were also hit by 
stones thrown mainly from the 


general and students’ enclos- 
ures. The police ejected three 
spectators. 

“The main problem was that 
tickets had beat oversold and 
spectators got restless and threw 
something big at Ganguly,” said 
Haroon Rashrad, the Pakistan 
coach. 

A total of 19 minutes were 
lost during four stoppages. 

On India’s last tour of 
Pakistan in fee 1989-90 season, 
similar violence erapted in 
Karachi daring the second one- 
day international 

Pakistan’s total of 265 was 
built around an unbeaten 74 by 
Inzamam-ul-Haq and 72 by 
Shahid Afridi. 

. When India batted, Saurav 
Ganguly hit a superb 89, and 
Vinod Kambli scored 53 as India 
reached 169 for one wicket after 
just 28 overs. •" 

India slumped to 195 for five, . 
however, and needed a late on- 
slaught by Robin Singh, who 4 
made 31 not out, and the wick- 'Z.ky-riuiei 
ctkeeper Saba Karim, who hit Mm-iiMtet. 

26, to regain control and win by Shahid Afridi of Pakistan flicking a shot past 
four wickets- stooping Indian wicketkeeper Saba Karim. 


1 


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. .. ?—„•>< .■ ** 


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•** n r fill n 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1997 


PAGE 23 


SPORTS 


(She Man Who Keeps the Mariners Loose 

Piniella Shepherds Seattle, Weak Bullpen and All, Into the AL Playoffs 


By Mike DiGiovaxma 

Los Angela Taut Service 


inera’ manager made it through a 
stress-free spring training without 
\ lighting up, as well Butfour days into 
regular season, the habit came 

I ft was Ap^ 5 in tlte Kingdoms, and 
ia 6-4 ninth-inning lead over the Bos- 
ton Red Sox had suddenly turned into 
An 8-6 loss when Pinidla’s closer, 
iNonn Charlton, gave up a two-run 
' I home run to Nomar Garciaparra. 

1 Reporters filed into the manager's 
r ^office and there was Piniella, wiring a 
tfLTdrag from his first cigarette in more 
' < than five months. 

‘‘This is not the right kind of job to 
quit smoking on," Piniella said last 
week, rec allin g his early season 
lapse. 

■ Little did Piniella know that he 
would eventually need a blindfold to 
go with that cigarette. The Mariner 
bullpen tormented P iniella all season, 
blowing a major league-high 27 save 
opportunities and getting cuffed 
around fora 5.48 earned run aver- 
age. 

While his relievers squirmed, Pini- 
ella’s stomach churned, and the man- 
ager wore a path on the Mariner 
i dugout floor with his late-irming pa- 
il j'cing. 

When a new closer, HeathclifF Slo- 
cumb, walked two batters in die ninth 
inning with a two-run lead against the 
Oakland Athletics last week, the tele- 
vision camera focused on a rare sight 
— Piniella actually on the bench as 
things began to crumble. 

“Lou may be sitting down," the 
announcer said, “but his stomach is 
still up and pacing." 

That is the kind of season it has been 
for Piniella, who now has the third- 
best winning percentage, .526, among 
active managers, b ehind the Baltimore 
Orioles’ Davey Johnson and the At- 
lanta Braves* Bobby Cox, and whose 
Mariners were to open the American 


League division series against Bal- 
timore Wednesday night in Seattle. 

The Mariners were overwhelming 
favorites to win the division title ana 
were picked by many to reach the 
World Series, but because of their 
weak bullpen, they couldn't put away 

23. instead of drenching 8 PinieUa^n 
champagn e after Seattle clinched 
Mariner relievers should have doused 
him with Pepto-BismoL 
“I don't fed bad about what he 
puts up with — he’s the manager, and 
that's what he’s paid for," said 
Chariton, who has 11 blown saves. 

“Then again, it's hard for us to see 
him put us out there time after time 
and not get the job done, because be 
has confidence m us. I do feel bad for 
what he’s gone through. A lot of it 
falls on my shoulders, because I’ve 
bad the worst year of my career." 

C harlton and his bullpen mates 
are also primarily responsible 
for a tradition that evolved last 
season. Normally candid and access- 
ible to reporters, Piniella has taken to 
closing his office door after partic- 
ularly tough losses, not to be seen or 
heard from until the next day. 

“When I’m upset, I might say 
something foolish that I may regret 
Utter," be said. “The press has a way 
of asking telling questions and I have 
to be careful So I just close the door, 
have a beer, talk with a coach or two. 

“Then I'll go home, do a cross- 
word puzzle, read the Bible or spend 
time with my family, and come back 
fresh the next day. I've learned more 
and more to leave this at the park. 
When I started, I was more of a what- 
coWd-I-have-done-differently kind of 
guy. But if.you’re a worry wart, you’ll 
bave something to worry about every 
day in this job." 

When Piniella managed at Cincin- 
nati, he once got into a clubhouse fight 
with reliever Rob Dibble. And this 
season, after the left-handed reliever 
Mark Holzemer had walked a left- 
handed batter, Piniella chewed out 
Holzemer on the mound, for fans and 


television viewers to see. A few days 
later. Holzemer was sent down. 

“He expects you to do your job, 
and I didn't do it," said Holzemer, 
who later was recalled. “It’s not like 
you don’t know where he’s coming 
from or where you stand. You’ll know 
how well you’re doing ty the way he’s 
reacting. He wants to win every game. 
He does not like it when he kxses." 


M ARINER players, even 
those on the receiving end of 
one of Piniella’ s tirades, say 
his explosive reactions are part of his 


The biggest thing with him is, 
everything is black and white — 
there's no gray area,” said Jamie 
Moyer, a Seattle pitcher. “To me, 
that’s a breath of fresh air. If he likes 
or dislikes something, be tells you to 
your face, not behind your back. He 
treats you like a professional." 

* Piniella manages the way he played 
— with passion, grit and determi- 
nation. He was not one of the game’s 
most gifted players, but he made the 
most of his talents, bitting .291 over 
16 years with the Kansas City Royals 
and Yankees, helping New York win 
World Series titles in 1977 and ’78. 

“He made himself into a quality 
hitter,” Johnny Oates, the Texas 
Rangers’ manager, told die Seattle 
Tunes last year. “And he was one of 
the toughest outs. Every at-bat was a 
battle with him. every pitch a fight. 
He’d bite and spit and snarL" 

Off the field, though, Piniella de- 
scribed himself as “a cut-up. ’ ’ 

“I had fun," be said. “ I wasn’t 
astute. I would have been the, last 
managerial candidate in our club- 
house.” 

But the Yankees’ owner, George 
Stembrenner, saw something Piniella 
didn’t see in the mirr or and hired him 
as manager in 1986. Piniella guided 
New Y one to 90-72 and 89-73 seasons 
in '86 and *87 but finished second and 
fourth, and you know what that gets 
you in the Bronx — fired. 

Piniella was named Yankee general 
manager in October 1987, replacing 



RsySaAblebtae/Raaeim 

I FIELD OF DREAMS — Workers preparing Yankee Stadium on Tuesday 
rnoming for the club’s opening playoff game against the Cleveland Indians. 


Wolves Offer to Pay 
Garnett $120 Million 


The Associated Press 

MINNEAPOLIS — The Minnesota Timberwoives 
have increased their contract offer from $ 103.5 million to 
$120 milli on over six years for forward Kevin Garnett, a 
report said Tuesday. 

An unidentified team official said the proposed con- 
tract may allow Garnett to opt out before six yeara are up. 
the Saint Paul Pioneer Press reported. 

The team has until midnight Wednesday to sign Garnett 
or he will became a free agent after the coming season. The 
Wolves originally thought die deadline was Tuesday. 

More talks between Glea Taylor, the team ’s owner, and 
Garnett’s agent, Eric Fleisher, were set for Tuesday. 

Garnett, 21, will earn about $1.8 million this season in 
the final year of his three-year rookie contract He turned 
dowp — or Fleisher rejected — a six-year offer worth 
$103.5 million. That deal’s $17.25 million annual av- 
erage would have made it the richest long-term contract in 
NBA history. 

• Rasheed Wallace signed a six-year contract with the 
Portland Trail Blazers worth $80 million, the biggest deal 
ever by the. ream. 

The 6-foot- 11 forward is expected to remain with the 
Blazers through the 2003-04 season. However, a source 
familiar with the contract said there was flexibility that 
could allow the contract to be reopened in a few years. 




his current general manager, Woody 
Woodward, but he returned to foe 
field midway through 1988 to replace 
Billy Martin as manager. He was 
canned ag ain after that season. ‘‘I’ve 
always been appreciative of Mr. 
Steinbrenner hiring me, even though 
he fired me twice," Piniella said. 

He movedon to Cincincati-in 1990, 
where a three-year stint included a 
stunning four-game sweep of Oak- 
land in the 1990 World Series. Bat 
when the owner. Marge Schott, 

dr a gged her feet on a contract renewal 

after the 1992 season, Piniella left to 
join Woodward in Seattle. 

“A lot of people told me not to 
come to Seattle, that it was a big 
mistake," Piniella said. “This club 
had no history, no tradition of win- 
ning. But I saw it as a big chal- 
lenge." 

“It proved to be quite fruitful/’ he 
said. “This is a great baseball 
town.” 

The Mariners drew 12 million fans 
in Pinielk’s first season, but four years 
and two division titles later, Seattle 
topped the 3 milli on mark this season. 

T HE MARINERS have the 
game’s best all-around player 
in center fielder Ken Griffey, 
one of the best pitchers in Randy 
Johnson, one of the best young play- 
ers in shortstop Alex Rodriguez, the 
league's best designated hitter in 
Edgar Martinez, and a prolific power 
hitter in right fielder Jay Buhner. 

“This is a type of team you try to 
keep loose, ana our clubhouse is as 
loose as any in baseball," Piniella 
said. “I expect the guys to play hard, 
and I have very few rules. I believe in 
discipline, but at foe same time, you > 
have to let them play.’’ 

And that, though it may seem 
simple, is not easy. “He has a lotto do 
with the types of players who are 
here," Charlton said. “Lou has man- 
aged to assemble people who are not 
only superstars, but they have a knack 
for playing well together as a team. 
Yes, we have one of foe best lineups in 
baseball but Lou manages it well’’ 


I 

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Carolina’s Mark Carrier being brought down by San Francisco’s Lee Woodall, 
top, and Merton Hanks during second-quarter action on Monday night. 

49ers Make It Look Easy, 
Drubbing Panthers, 34-21 


By Mike Freeman 

New York Times Service 

CHARLOTTE, North Carolina — San 
Francisco picked apart foe Carolina Panthers’ 
once vaunted defense twice in foe first 
quarter, scoring two touchdowns and taking 
command of foe game. 

The 49ers made it look easy as they beat foe 
Panthers, 34-21. It was not a nice way to treat 
a team playing host to its first Monday night 
game. Carolina, 9-0 at home last season, has 
lost all three of its home games this year. 

In a strange way, die absence of Jerry Rice, 
out with tom knee ligaments, may bave rallied, 
die 49ers’ offense. His loss forced San Fran- 
cisco to spread the work, instead of relying ou 
Rice to pat on his ewe and win the games by 
himself. Thus, the 49ers offense is back. 

But it is more varied, more precise and quite 
deadly. 

Behind the running of Garrison Hearstand 
William Floyd and foe pinpoint passing of 
Steve Young, the 49ers moved the ball with 
ease early, building a 20-7 cushion by half- 
time. 

The 49cra carved foe Panthers the way an 
artist makes an ice sculpture. The 70,972 fans 
watched quietly, appreciating the careful 
touch of a surgeon. 

Hears t carried 28 times for 143 yards. 
Young finished 16 of 24 passing for 152 
yards. 

The 49ers now command foe National 
Football Conference West with a 4-2 record 
and re-established themselves as one of the 
league’s elite teams. 

The Panthers fell to 2-3, and though it is far 
too early to count them out of the division title 


hunt — two of their next four games are 
against the doormats Atlanta and New Or- 
leans — the loss is definitely a blow to their 
chances of winning back-to-back division 
titles. 

San Francisco’s defense, already among 
the league’s best, was not too shabby, either. 
Carolina’s quarterback, Kerry .Collins, bad 
three passes intercepted, two of those by Mer- 
ton Hanks. 

Hanks' third-quarter interception helped 
put the game away. The ensuing drive ended 
when Hearn ran 3 yards for a touchdown, 
putting San Francisco ahead by 27-7 with 1 
minute 35 seconds left in the quarter. 

Collins was shaky all night and even more 
so after a hit early in foe fourth quarter that 
forced him out of foe game. He spent most of 
the final period watching Steve Beueriein lead 
the team to a late touchdown. 

Collins will most likely be the starter when 
the Panthers play Minnesota on Oct 12, but 
there could be a quarterback controversy in 
Carolina. 

The 49ers’ moved ahead in the first quarter 
with a drive thar covered 79 yards in 12 plays 
and ended with an 8-yard touchdown catch by 
Terrell Owens. Their second touchdown, 
early in the second quarter, covered 46 yards 
in seven plays as Young scrambled 1 yard for 
the touchdown to make the score 14-0. 

After field goals of 25 and 48 yards by Gary 
Anderson, the rout was on. 

The Panthers scored their lone first-half 
touchdown on a 17-yard pass from Collins to 
RaeCanuth. 

The first quarter statistics told the story of 
this game: foe 49ers had 131 total yards of 
offense and the Panthers had zero. 


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PAGE 24 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER L 3991 


OBSERVER 


Drowned in Exhaust 


Roy Lichtenstein: The Master of Pop Painting 


lie 


By Russell Baker 


N EW YORK — It was 
practically empty here is 


practically empty here is 
the United States in 1930, at 
least by today's standards. I 
was one of only 123,202,624 
people that year. 

There’s a Beatles song 
about a man depressed be- 
cause he suddenly finds he’s 
only half the man he used to 
be. I know that feeling. The 
U.S. population today is more 
than 260 million. I am now 
less than half the man 1 used 
to be. 

But wait, it gets worse. Here 
are the latest figures on the 
motor vehicle population: As 
of 1995 there were 176 million 
of these machines in the coun- 
try. Here is population explo- 
sion indeed. The country now 
has 53 million more motor 
vehicles than it had people in 
1930. 

Even worse, the govern- 
ment reports that since 1969 
the American motor-vehicle 
population has grown six 
times as fast as the human 
population. In other words, the 
average couple producing 
three children during that peri- 
od also produced 18 cars, 
trucks, vans, sport-utility 
vehicles and motorcycles. 


sons who want public office 
will raise that money me way 
or another. If excessively scru- 
pulous, they are doomed to re- 
main unheard of by millions of 
voters and unelected They are 
victims, poor devils, of our rol- 
licking population growth. 

Here is another product of 
the population boom: “road 
rage." This melodramatic 
term refers to the increasingly 
common tendency for a mo- 
torist to drive dangerously 
when displeased with another 
motorist’s driving. Some- 
times the displeased motorist 
may express himself with 
firearms or demand satisfac- 
tion with bare knuckles. 


By Michael Kimmelman 

New York Tones Service 


a He was bom on Oct. 27. 1923. on the 

Upper West Side of Manhattan, the only 
son of a prosperous realtor. He began taking 
art courses at 16 and in the summer of 1940 
attended Reginald Marsh’s life class at the 
Art Students League. “1 did son of ap- 
palling painting?.’’ he once remembered. 
"A kind of Reginald Marsh realism." 

He enrolled at Ohio State University in 
Columbus to study ait. then was drafted in 
1943 andserved with the engineerbatiaiion 
of the 69th Infantry Division in Europe 
during World War EL 

• After the war, he returned to Ohio State, 

completed his master’s degree in 1951 . and 
taught an. But after being denied tenure, be 

. 4 . moved from Columbus to Cleveland.where 

"• he’d already met his wife, Isabel Wilson, a 

. . co-director of an art gallery there. 

Lichtenstein took with him the lessons 
. t v that he acquired from Hoyt Sherman at 
. • / 4r • : ip .-r *<; Ohio State, his teacher and a late Fauvist 

.. .f. who insisted that even representational art 
' "• 4* be regarded, not as a true minor of life, but 

•' '.'V;;.. Jy as fundamentally formal and abstract. 

... • • - ' Lichtenstein remained strongly influenced 

his comic book-style images, by Sherman. Through the 1950s, he painted 

and made sculptures m a variety of modes. 


T^TEW YORK — Roy Lichtenstein, the 
quintessential master of Pop painting 


These population figures 
explain a lot about why so 
many of the country's worst 
problems are insoluble. The 
effort to end political corrup- 
tion, for example, cannot suc- 
ceed, no matter how many 
campaign fund reforms are 
enacted. 

There are simply too many 
— far, far too many — people 
for traditional political meth- 
ods to work anymore. Reach- 
ing a significant number of 
voters requires modem tech- 
nology. Modem technology re- 
quires unlimited money. Per- 


A glance at the population 
figures affords the obvious 
explanation for this irrational 
behavior. There are too many 
people in too many cars. In 
one short lifetime each of us 
has been whittled down to a 
trivial 1 in more chan 260 mil- 
lion. Now each is hemmed in 
by 175,9993)99 motorized 
exhaust-fume spewers. 

This breeds smoldering 
rage, which is made worse by 
the sensible fear that every 
other driver out there may be 
insane or packing a gun. 

Younger drivers are differ- 
ent Too inexperienced to be 
melancholy about being 
whittled away by population 
growth, they attack the high- 
way as a great beast to be 
overpowered by courage, dar- 
ing, brutality and c unning . 

Often these sufferers can 
safely discharge their rage by 
shouting coarse language. 
Lately, 1 have twice been 
verbally roughed up. once by 
a woman, once by a man. Each 
shouted the same trite epithet 
involving reproductive and al- 
imentary-canal systems. Has 


X i quintessential master of Pop painting 
and a major figure in American art since he fLJ 

began scavenging comic strips like ‘‘Win- #* » 

nie Winkle,” “GJL Combat* and ‘‘Secret / V j 
Hearts” (‘‘I don’t care! I’d rather sink — yrvLe 
than call Brad for help! ”), died Monday at II Mj 
New York University Medical Center in ja p 

Manhattan. He was 73. . rWi 

He died of complications resulting from 
a lengthy bout with pneumonia, said his ‘ ilipi li 
wife, Dorothy. .. ^|t|p||ja| 

Lichtenstein gained attention at his debut 
in 1962 at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New 
York with work that seemed to critics ro be 
the equivalent of a giant pin aimed at the 
hot-air balloon of Abstract Expressionism, am - ^ 
with its grand soul-searching claims and 
emphasis on. die necessary eloquence of 
touch. By contrast. Lichtenstein’ s an looked 
wickedly ironic and freeze-dried, as if man- 
u factored, because it mimicked in stream- 
lined form the black outlines, flat vivid 
colors and Ben Day dots of the funny pages. Lichtenstein. 
He managed to take an essentially anonym- 
ous style and make it into something unmistakably his own. 

“Roy got die hand out of ait. and put die brain in,” was 
how die painter Larry Rivera described Lichtenstein's ac- 
complishment. He was a provocateur, a saboteur, doing 
1990s irony in the 1960s. And if, in later years, he was 
somewhat taken for granted it was partly because, by then, 
his ideas had so infiltrated an that they were no longer only 




* ■ 


SllllLr 


^ : i~ 




Lichtenstein, who died at age 73, was best known for his comic book-slyte images, 


Castelli debut, that his interests extended far 




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Tbr tacnunlhm 




‘f 


beyond just often tongue-in-cbeek. sometimes influenced bv Picasso, 
»ka Bubble Klee, Fragonard, or the Abstract Expressionists. He painted 


end of the 60s, m tact, be quit using comic dock sources. 
Working in one basic mode for the better part of 40 years, he 
turned our paintings that mimicked Picasso, Cezanne and 
Mondrian, treating them in much the same way that Andy 


Leutze’s familiar "Washington Crossing the Delaware." So 
he wasn’t actually taking a big leap to his paintings of the 


his. His mixing of text and image, of high and low, his whole Warhol treated Marilyn Monroe and Elvis Presley: as brand 
strategy of appropriating images, bad paved the way for a names of popular culture. 


early ’60s based on comic books and advertisements. 

But what was important in all these cases was his stress on 
art as a variable system of conventions, essentially abstract 


generation of artists not yet boro or at least not yet out of 
elementary school when he cribbed a picture of a girl holding 
aloft a beach ball from a newspaper advertisement for Mount 
Airy Lodge in the Poconos. 


I wasn’t putting down Picasso or Mondrian or Cezanne Tbe paradox of his work remained the fact that its outward 
or Monet or anyone else.” he later explained. ‘‘What I think embrace of images of everyday life I belied an inward stress 


I was doing was to take a kind of idiot’s view of, say, Picasso, 
and make a painting of that. The subject for me wasn’t 


In an interview in 1963, Lichtenstein joked that he wanted Picasso, but someone’s funny idea of Cubism. 

. .. ... k... i» At- tka hma I iohrpnctjin minft*,-) Ml 


to make an art so “despicable" that no one would hang it. 
Probably not even he dreamed at the tune that collectors 


At the same time, Lichtenstein painted landscapes, in- 
teriors and nudes, even images of pyramids whose geometry 


on an as arrangements of colors and shapes. 

In 1957, Lichtenstein left Cleveland with his wife and 
their two sons and accepted a variety of teaching jobs in New 
York and New Jersey until his career caught on. He soon 
became so famous, or rather notorious, that by 1964, Life 


was hang ing everything. It was almost acceptable to hang a 
dripping paint rag. Everyone was accustomed to this. The 
one tiling everyone bated was commercial an." 

As a consequence, his own ait, he said, was “anti- 
contemplatiye, anti-nuance, anti-gettiog-away-from-the- 
ryranny-of-the- rectangle, anti-movement and anti-light, 
anti-mystery, anti-paint-quality , anti-Zen, and anti-all of 


with Bine Brushstrokes ” for the lobby of the Equitable Center society. But Lichtenstein was reluctant to interpret his own 
in Manh attan In later decades, he exhibited drawings that had art in those terms. 


been mostly his private exercises and preparatory studies, 
drawings that had about them a feathery, almost hesitant 


In the late 1960s. when he began to parody Abstract 
xoressionist paintings bv making works of flat, anonymous 


touch very different from his bold and assertive paintings. 
On what had seemed a one-liner of an idea, Lichtenste 


those brilliant ideas of preceding movements which every- composed countless unforeseen variations. They tumbled 
one understands so thorou ghl y." out like circus clowns from a Volkswagen. The criticism of 


Expressionist paintings by making works of flat, anonymous 
and cartoonlike brushstrokes that were the antithesisof the 
brushstroke as a kind of expressive fingerprint, he explained 
the works by saying, “actually I love the Abstract Ex- 


overpopulation also put an 
end to colorful enssins? 


end to colorful cussing? 

New York Times Sen-ice 


Still, it was never easy to know just how seriously to take 
Lichtenstein. Years later, he also said: “I wouldn't believe 
anything I tell you.” And it quickly became clear, after his 


out like circus clowns from a Volkswagen. The criticism of pressionists, or I like the ones I like, anyway. My work is, 
his art that resulted was, in fact, tHar he turned everything into after all, a kind of straitjacket. 1 did those pictures because it 
the same essential cryogenic image: He became an industry was my way of saying, ‘You see, painting is a tree made out 
of his own skillful pastiches. of brushstrokes.’ ” ■- ■ ■ 


jeli.* Iri'i' 
aili hn 1 


MOVIES 


PEOPLE 


sfcwnjail 


The Other Rupert: Acting Across the Class Divide 


B EFORE be became prime 
minister of Ireland. Ber- 


By Sarah Lyall 

New York Tunes Service 


L ONDON — No. Rupert Graves is 
not Rupert Everett, and he did not 


J-# not Rupert Everett, and he did not 
appear in “My Best Friend’s Wed- 
ding" (please don’t ask). But al- 
though the chameleonlike Graves, 
who made his screen debut 12 years 
ago playing Helena Bonham Carter’s 
younger brother in “A Room With a 
View,’ ’ seems currently to be the Oth- 
er Rupert of British films, he doesn’t 
really mind. 

For one thing, he has been an enor- 
mous hit here recently in a revival of 
the David Rabe play “Huriyburly.” 
(“It is worth crawling over broken 
glass to get to this production,’’ con- 
cluded the radio arts program “Kal- 
eidoscope.”) 

At the same time. Graves is in three 
films — each wildly different from 
the others — that are in theaters now 


or opening soon, 

hi “Different for Girls,” he plays 
Paul Prentice, a loud, crude motor- 
cycle messenger who finds himself 
inexorably drawn to an old school 
friend who has become a woman. 

in “Intimate Relations," which is 
based on the events leading to a real- 
life murder trial in 1956, he plays the 
hapless lodger Harold Guppy, whose 
twisted relationship with a' mother 
and her daughter, combined with a 
tendency to violence, leads to tragedy 
all around. 

And in a film version of Virginia 
Woolfs “Mrs. Dalloway,” starring 


“If I look haggard, it’s 
because of this play," he 
explained. “I’m abso- 
lutely sawn off at the 
knees. It’s a huge, mon- 
strous. unwieldy play. 

You don’t play it; you 
wrestle it. Sometimes the 
play wins, and some- 
times you win.” 

In Britain, an accent 
often gives away a per- 
son's background right 
away, but Graves, who is 
34, has a strangely hard- 
to-ptn-down voice, the 
result of elocution les- 
sons he took long ago to 
cure a childish stutter. 

His real accent, he says, 
is pure West Country, 
with the nasal vowels and 
slurred together words 
that are prevalent among 
lower-middle-class fam- 
ilies in his hometown, 
Weston-Super-Mare. 

It was there that he 
sang in a punk band called 
A New Lumbago aad Rupert G 
worked at his first jobs: as 
a dishwasher in a fish-and-chip shop 
and as a down named Tomato in a 






z&.S'Aj&S' 


Fir» Loot Kciium 

Rupert Grave, an aging punk in “Different for Girls.” 


Speaking of his character in "In- 
timate Relations," Whose infuriating 


circus. At the age of IS, he auditioned passivity lands him in the most se- 


for and woo his first pan on the Lon- nous kind of trouble. Graves said he 


him “one of the dishiest 
and most exciting English 
actors today." 

“Mrs. Dalloway," too, 
is set in England after 
World War I, when 
Graves's character comes 
home with thousands of 
other soldiers and finds 
that he cannot shake off 
the horrors he has appar- 
ently survived. At first. 
Graves found this char- 
acter a tortured cipher. 

“When I read the 
screenplay, I thought, *[ 
just don’t understand my 
part; I don’t know how to 
play this,’ ’’ Graves said. 
* And then I began to read 
a lot of Virginia Woolf, 
and I was struck by how 
much of her own private 
psychoses and neuroses 
went into this male char- 
acter of Septimus.' ’ 
“Different for Girls,” 

with its contemporary set- 

.bwiFWn ting, called for a com- 
r Girls.” pletely different approach. 

Graves plays an aging 
punk who finds himself falling in love, 
awkwardly and unexpectedly, with a 
transsexuaL And Steven Mackintosh, 
the actor who plays Kim, the friend 


D minister of Ireland. Ber- 
tie Ahern’s flair was always 
more political than sartorial, 
but he has undergone a 
makeover, and his 26 female 
parliamentary colleagues 
have voted him Ireland’s 
best-dressed man. Dressed 
for the part in an Irish-made 
suit. Ahern accepted his prize 
of 2.500 punts ($3,650), 
which will go to charity. 


Geraldine Chaplin is the 
star of a TV bio-pic of the late 
Mother Teresa to be released 
this weekend. "Mother SHADOW A 
Teresa: in the Name of God’s National Thi 
Poor.” completed at the be- 
ginning of this year, was directed by Kevin 
Connor. Chaplin, who was at a television 
industry festival in Cannes, France, to pro- 
mote the film, said Mother Teresa was for her 



folk 


:h>' : . ' 

iUr «■ 


David v*i Dcr VmMpMvFHDa-Pmr 

SHADOW AND LIGHT — Members of the Cambodia 
National Theater in Phnom Penh giving a puppet show. 


or recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. 
"Within an hour of taking this drug, he started 
getting his fingers back," Mrs. Kesey said. 
“Before the night was over, he could grasp. 


a “romantic rebeL” But Mother Teresa, who Now he can lift his arm. They consider he wffl- 
died on SepL 5, disliked the film and said it either have a full recovery or come very close! 


"violated the sacred nature” of her work. The 


film will premiere on the U.S. Family Channel 
on S unday. It is based on a book by the French 


on S unday. It is based on a book by the French 
author Dominique Lapierre, who said all 
profit would go to charity. 


Oliver Stone, in Syracuse, New York, to 
promote his new Ixjbk. apologized again — 
this time publicly — for his depiction of toe 


Hie soprano Renee Fleming had harsh 
words for Pasha, the Russian wolfhound who 
was to have appeared on stage during this 
season’s Metropolitan Opera production of 
Massenet's "Manon.” Fleming, ifl the tide 
role, was singing her most demanding and 
dramatic aria when, she said, "I beard an 


don stage, playing the unhappy son of had sought to portray Harold, whose and eventual lover, said Graves had 


Kenneth Grahame, the author of “The violent nature is triggered by imbal- 


Wind in die Willows,” in “The ances in his blood sugar levels, sym- 


Vanessa Redgrave, he plays Septimus 
Warren Smith, the shell-shocked vet- 


Warren Smith, the shell-shocked vet- 
eran of World War I whose downward 
spiral into suicidal madness forms tbe 
moral center of the story. 

For the last few months, though. 
Graves's mind has been on "Hurly- 


made what could have been an ex- 
tremely awkward situation delightful- 
“It could have been a nightmare if 
it weren't for the fact that Rupert had 
a really good sense of humor," he 


city’s police in Ms film “Boro on the Fourth uncanny sound, as if someone was singing 
of July.’’ The director said the police were along with me backstage. Tbe audience start- 
wrongfully portrayed as behaving brutally ed to titter and I couldn’t imagine what it 


toward students at a 1970 anti-war demon- 


ea to utter ana l coolan t imagine wnai u 
was.” It was Pasha, part of a crowd scene in 


Killing of Mr. Toad.” pathetically, but only up to a point. “It could have been a nightmare if 

His success as Freddie Honey- "I worried that I was too sympath- it weren’t for the fact that Rupert had 
church in "A Room With a View" etic,” he said. “Here is a person who a really good sense of humor," he 
resulted in tbe typecasting of Graves has no ability to think on his own and said. “When we were in mid-embrace 
as something he decidedly is not: a toff can't pursue his wjlL I wanted to show and I was wearing my skirt, he was 
from a posh background. But he has that us violence isn’t a machismo; it making jokes. It diffused any kind of 
fought valiantly against this typecast- really is a monstrous tiling. People tension there could have been, 
ing. and an array of roles has followed, who have monsters inside themselves “He was aware of all of the sen- 


stration. Stone sent a letter of apology to city the second act “T told the director, ‘It's the 


and police officials shortly after the movie's dog or me.’ ” For 

release in 1990, saying police “did not, in will be no Pasha. 

fact hit any stndents over the bead." The 

scene so rankled police officials that former 

Chief Thomas Sardlno, who was in com- Bill Wyman, i 


dog or me.’ ” For the next performance, there 


Bill Wyman, the Roiling Stones' former 


fought valiantly against this typecast- 
ing. and an array of roles has followed. 


burly.” Rabe’s punishing play about 
Hollywood (he plays Eddie, the cruel 
and manipulative casting director). A 
midnm series of rehearsals for the 
play, on the occasion of its moving to 
foe’Wesc End from the Old Vic, all but 
exhausted him. 


on stage and on screen. Among other hate it; they want to say. ‘I’m a good 

ikinoc Ka KuC rtl fha rarlnAffitia navOAM na/i nA<nA ta Ua ’ Dn» 


things, he has played the seductive 
gamekeeper in the movie “Maurice”; 


person, and I'm goi 
they’re not, especia 


Antony Sher’s boyfriend in “Torch kind of illness he does. 


g to be good. ’But 
iy if they have the 


Song Trilogy" In London; Jeremy Though the film had mixed reviews 


Irons’s son in the film “Damage,” and here and in the United States, 


GreviUe, the king ’s equerry, in the film 
1 ’The Madness of King George.” 


Graves’s performance came in for 
praise. The Sunday Telegraph calling 


tension there could have been. 

“He was aware of all of the sen- 
sitive issues in foe film — he's a 
highly intelligent guy — but the great 
thing about turn, for me, is that he can 
see the funny side of things too. And 
since Rupert bad played gay men and 
transvestites, he was able to bring his 
knowledge of that to provide me with 
a lot of reassurance." 


mand during foe protest, threatened to take bass guitarist, 60, announced Tuesday that he 
Jegal action against Universal Studios. was to be a father again W yman and his wife. 

j— , Suzanne, 38, have two daughters, Katie, 3, 


Jegal action against Universal Studios. 

□ 

Ken Kesey, who suffered a stroke last 
week, is recovering after treatment .with a 
clot-dissolving drug. The author’s wife, Faye, 
said he was able to walk around and has 


and Jessie, 2. He also has a 36 -year-old son, 
Stephen, from a first marriage. The musician, 
who hag three homes, said h»g famil y was now 
complete, unless he makes more cash. "If my 
fortune improves, we might be able to afford 


••••• " M 

■' .If Y>« 


regained much of the use of his right arm, to have another one," he said. He has juS 
which went numb during the stroke. Doctors recorded an album with Eric Clapton and 


decided to give Kesey a drug known as t-PA, Albert Lee. 


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