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INTERNATIONAL 



Sri bun i? 




. The World’s Daily Newspaper ■ «, ^ 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 
R . Paris, Friday, October 3, 1997 


No. 35,642 


Clinton Sounds Food Safety Alarm, 


He Calls for a Ban on Produce 
Thai Doesn’t Meet U.S. Rules 

By Brian Knowlton 

_ tnrrmaaonal Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — President BBl Clinton urged Con- 
gress on Thursday to ban the importation of fruits and 
vegetables from nations that did not meet U.S. safety 
standards. 

“With these efforts we can make sure that no fruits and 
vegetables cross our borders, enter our ports or reach our 
dinner tables without meeting the - s an n e strict standa rd* as 
those grown here in America,” Mr. Clinton 

The president said he would ask Congress nett year to 
fin ance a Food and Drug Administration corps of in- 
spectors to examine produce safety in other countries. 

The legislation he seeks would give the food agency the 
authority over produce imports that the Agriculture De- 
partment exercises over meat and poultry. The Agriculture 
Department now inspects meat plants in many countries. 


Any country that refuses to allow food agency in- 
spections, Mr. Clinton said, should be bailed from selling 
produce in the United States. 

His announcement, which drew criticism from some 
Latin American exporters, followed a series of scares about 
tainted food in the United States. 

This spring, an outbreak of hepatitis among school- 
children was traced to strawberries imported from Mexico. 
Guatemalan raspberries have been linked to disease out- 
breaks the past two summers. 

In 1993, four Americans died in an outbreak of bacteria 
E. coli from fast-food hamburgers produced domestically, 
and many were sickened by an outbreak last summer. 

Though die U.S. food supply is generally considered to 
be among the safest in the world. Vice President A1 Gore 
said that tainted food causes as many as 33 million illnesses 
and 9,000 deaths each year in the United States. Most are 
linked to improperly cooked chicken, eggs or hamburger. 

Increasingly, however, produce has been involved. Re- 
ports of E. coti outbreaks in vegetables in the United States 
— linked largely to the use of manure as fertilizer — have 

See FOOD, Page 8 


Snag in NATO Expansion 

Europe Resists U.S. Demand to Bear Bulk of Costs 


By William Drozdiak 

Washington Post Service 

MAASTRICHT, Netherlands — A 
fresh conflict between the United States 
and Europe over the costs of NATO 
enlargement threatens to complicate tire 
accession of Poland, Hungary and the 
Czech Republic just as legislatures are 
opening toe Anal debate on whether to 
ratify the alliance's expansion. 

Barely three mouths after Western 
leaders toasted die alliance’s embrace of 
the new democracies at a summit con- 
ference in Madrid, several European gov- 
ernments are voicing serious misgivings 
about the U.S. insistence that they, along 
with the new members, carry the over- 
whelming burden of additional expenses 
related to NATO enlargement 


The gravity of U.S.-Enropean dif- 
ferences became clear Thursday during 
a protracted discussion by alliance de- 
fense ministers on the nuts and bolts of 
the military adaptations necessary to 
carry out the most ambitious territorial 
expansion of the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization in its 48-year history. 

The Clinton administration estimates 
thatNATO expansion should cost about 
$35 billion over the next decade or so 
and that die U.S. share will amount to no 
more than $2 billion. Washington con- 
tends drat the lkm's share of the costs 
should be borne by existing allies and 
the new partners because they need to 
make the biggest investments to adapt 
their nationaTmititary forces to the rapid 
mobility and power projection require- 
ments of the post Cold War era. 


Bat existing members are balking at 
the idea of paying an extra $ 16 billion or 
more to expand die alliance at a time 
when public minion is clamoring far a 
peace dividend. With their economies 
strapped by austerity measures and with 
no visible threat on the horizon, Euro- 
pean governments are loathe to embrace 
the politically unpopular cause of larger 
defense budgets. 

At the same time, there are strong 
doubts that the new members will be 
able to afford die $17 billion investment 
the administration says they must make 
to bring their defenses up to NATO 
standards. The International Monetary 
Fund recently urged Poland, Hungary 
and tiie Grech Republic to avoid ex- 

See NATO, Page 8 


Smog Is Blotting Out Asian Economies, Too ‘ President ’ Blair Rises 

tessaa- T ast,.:,. . . 1 g ~ : I Above Party Restraints 


SINGAPORE — As Southeast Asia 
enters a fourth successive mouth 
shrouded in smoke and smog, it is start- 
ing to count the economic costs in terms 
of falling tourism, disrupted transport, 
damaged oops and diminished investor 





The Singapore government warned 
Thursday teat outdoor work would be 
stopped if air pollntion worsens, while 
poor visibility at Indonesian airports 
caused the latest of a series of canceled 
and delayed flights. 

The smoke from forest fires in In- 
donesia blanketing Malaysia, Singa- 
pore, Brunei and parts of Thailand and 
the Philippines traps pollution from 
transport and industry, creating smog 
that is dangerous to health and dam- 
aging to tiie economy. 

Some factories, schools, airports and 
shipping lanes have been closed, and 
road traffic has been disrupted. 

Tourism — a major foreign exchange 
earner wrath about $26 billion to the 
region in 1996 — is being hit as Euro- 
pean, American, Australian, Hong 
Kong and Japanese visitors cancel trips 
scheduled fra October, travel agencies 


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Further cancellations and deferrals 
are expected by the agencies in Novem- 
ber if pollntion conditions do not im- 
prove. An analyst at Nikko Research 
Center (Singapore) Pte Ltd said Thurs- 
day that slower tourist arrivals would 
affect Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei and 
Malaysia by reducing hotel, restaurant 
and retail earnings. 

Other analysts said they were more 
concerned at the psychological impact 
of the smoke and smog — and the 
inability of Indonesia and its neighbors 
to take effective action to tackle die 
problem — on foreign investors. 

Investment and business confidence 
in Southeast Asia, until recently re- 
garded as an unstoppable economic dy- 
namo, have been undermined by steep 
falls in the value of local currencies and 
stock markets. 

“The timing of the haze is very bad 
See ASIA, Page 4 


Singaporeans fishing Thursday in tire Strait of Johor despite the heavy haze that continued to blanket the area. 

Clinton Tunes TV Onto a Hot Topic 


By James Bennet 

New York Times Senict 

WASHINGTON — It was cloudy and 
cool outside the north portico of the 
White House as Steve Doocy, tbe jovial 
Fox News Channel meteorologist, asked 
A1 Roker. the ebullient NBC meteorol- 
ogist, just why it was that the president of 
the United States had invited them over. 

“Because we promised to bring 
Krispy Kremes!” Mr. Roker chortled, 
serving up the notion that the president 
might enjoy tucking into one of the 
famed sugar-glazed donuts with him. 

Then Mr. Roker sobered up and told 


the Fox viewers watching the live broad- 
cast that President Bill Clinton wanted to 
talk about changes in the global climate. 

“AJ, let me ask you this,” Mr. Doocy 
said. * 'About die global wanning thing 
— we’re against it, right?” 

“We don’t like global wanning," Mr. 
Roker agreed. But be added that, looking 
at tbe bright side, he owned some land in 
Pennsylvania, “and within a few years, I 
may have beachfront property!” 

On the theory that you need a weather 
foreca s ter to know which way the wind 
blows, Mr. Clinton invited more titan 100 
national and local television meteorol- 
ogists to the White House on Wednesday 


for a chat with him and Vice President AI 
Gore and for briefings on climate change 
from government experts. 

The administration hopes' that tbe 
forecasters will influence public opin- 
ion on climate change more than their 
counterparts on the evening news, who 
Clinton aides complain pay scant at- 
tention to tiie issue. 

“You, just in tbe way you comment on 
tiie events that you cover, may have a real 
efifiseton the American people, ’’the pres- 
ident tokl the assembled broadcasters. 

Playing host to television weather 

See CLIMATE, Page 8 


Spain’s ‘Normal’ Royals 

Bourbons Gamer Approval With Simplicity 


By Gary Abramson 

The Associated Press 

MADRID — After the Windsore 
provided a case study in how royalty can 

rub the public the wrong way, the 
world’s blue bloods will get a glimpse 
of how a modern monarchy can work. 

The relaxed yet respected position 
carved out by King Juan Carlos I and his 
famil y is already evident as Spain pre- 
pares fra the wedding Saturday of his 
daughter, Cristina, in a Barcelona ca- 
thedral, with a host of highnesses in 

attendance. 

The abundant profiles, photos and 
commentaries in tbe press about 
Cristina and her fianed, the h and b all star 
Tnalri Urdaagarin, have been totally ab- 
sent of criticism about her choosing a 
commoner three years her junior. 

The kind treatment may partly be a 
function of self-censorship by Spain’s 
a ggre ssive news media and politicians, 
who are quick to launch scandalous ac- 
cusations against other public figures. 

“There’s an unwritten pact here that 


on certain issues, the royal family isn’t 
toadied by press,” said Arsenio Escol- 
ar, an editor at El Pais, Spain's largest 
newspaper. 

Still, the popularity of Spain’s royal 
family is more the result of the way they 
go about their lives. Unlike tiie British 
royal family, who have remained re- 
mote, the Spanish monarchy has moved 
into the public domain. 

What seems to charm Spaniards most 
is Cristina’s independence and inform- 
ality — much as Britons were smitten 
with tire tendency of Diana. Princess of 
Wales, to abandon royal etiquette. The 
31-year-old middle child of Juan Carlos 
and Queen Sofia is admired for her 
decision to move to Barcelona five 

See SPAIN, Page 8 




A huge portrait of Princess Cristina and her fiance, Inaki Urdangarin, 
being hung in Barcelona on Thursday, in preparation for their wedding. 


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Samurai Who Made Amends 

Pilot Who Bombed Oregon Dies at Peace With Himself 



By Nicholas D. Kristof 

New York Times Service 

TOKYO — Nobuo Fujita, 85, a Jap- 
anese pilot who flew bombing runs over 
Oregon in 1942, apparently the only 
time in American history that an eneiqy 
aircraft has bombed the American mainr 
land in war, died of lung cancerTuesday 

at a hospital near Tokyo. 

Mr. Fujita, whose incendiary bombs 
set off forest fires in Oregon’s coastal 
range, played the key role in a quixotic 
plan by Japanese military commanders 
to put pressure on America’s home turf 
in World War H. The idea was thaithe 


U.S. Navy would then be obliged to 
retreat from tiie Pacific to protect the 
West Coast. 

A quiet, humble man who in his later 
years was deeply ashamed of his air 
raids on tbe United States, Mr. Fujita 
eventually forged a remarkable bond of 


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friendshipwifi the people of Brookings, 
the small logging town whose forests he 
had bombed. Last week, as Mr. Fajita 
lay dying, the city council of Brookings 
hailed Mr. Fujita an “ambassador of 
good will” and proclaimed him an 
“honorary citizen’' of the town. 

See PILOT, Page 4 


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A Lone Spotlight Follows the U.K. Leader 


ByDanBalz 

Washington Post Service 

BRIGHTON, England — Tony 
Blair has adopted many personas as 
Britain’s leader, political reformer, 
griever in chief, genial host of Friday 
night town meetings, relentless en- 
forcer of a disciplined message. He is 
called the prime minister, but he plays 
a role more familiar to Ameri cans — 
tbe role of president. 

Both as a candidate and as prime 
minister, Mr. Blair has embraced a 
presidential style of leadership, 
geared for the age of television aod 
the era of declining faith . in political 
parties. 

He knOWS well ho,W DO manipulate. 

the levers of party politics, but his 
soaring popularity has grown more 
out of ms ability to tap the public 
mood and often define it first, un- 
encumbered by party or cabinet 
: At tbe Labour Party’s annual con- 
ference in. tins seaside resorttown, tbe 
difference between Mr. Blair and the 
rest of his new government is clear. 
There are other formidable figures in 
his cabinet and others no less com- 
mitted to the modernizing agenda that 
is tiie hallmark of the Blair govern- 
ment. But more than the others. Mr. 
Blair rises above die restraints and 


boundaries of his party and speaks 
directly to the people. . 

IBs entrance into die hall Tuesday 
afternoon was emblematic of the style 
of politics he practices. A lone spot- 
light in an otherwise darkened arena 
followed Mr. Blair as he made his 
way from a side entrance, down the 
aisles and onto the stage. It was the 
stagecraft of presidential-style pol- 
itics, a single fight concentrating the 
energy of the arena into tiie person- 
ality of a single political leader. 

“He’s moving toward a presiden- 
tial style, and by the time he leaves 
office he will have completed the 
transition,’ ’ said Robert Worcester of 
the polling firm MORI “And it's 
clearly an his mind — on the forefront 
of his mind.” 

’In the British mess, Mr. Blair’s 
keynote speech Tuesday prompted 
many comparisons, most of them to 
American (residents. Some saw John 
F. Kennedy in Mr. Blair’s call for a 
new age of giving in Britain. Others 
compared his caff for Britain to be- 
come “a beacon to the world” to 
Ronald Reagan’s description of the 
United States as “a shining city on a 
hill.” One analyst likened Mr. Blair's 
political agility to that of franklin D. 

See BLAIR, Page 8 


How to Spend $30 Billion 
Without Borrowing Cash 


By Brett D. Fromson 

Washington Post Service 

If all goes according to plan, World- 
Com Inc. will not need to borrow a 
penny to buy MCI Telecommunications 
Crap. for about $30 billion 

The Mississippi-based phone com- 
pany and Intranet service provider 
would simply issue more shares of its 
common stock and then exchange them 
fra all of MCFs shares oatstanding. 

This is a deal for the 1990s, a period 
when tiie high-flying stock market has 
made shares of common stock the cur- 
rency of choice in the mergers and ac- 
quisitions game. 

The key to WorldCom ’s record- 
breaking bid for MCI is the willingness 
of sellers to accept shares in fast-grow- 
ing companies such as WorldCom. Im- 
plicit in this deal is the widespread be- 
lief that common stock is just as good as, 
if not better than, cash. 

' Companies such as WorldCom that 
lave high stock prices are in tiie position 
of Americans in Paris in 1985, when the 
lofty dollar was worth 10 French francs. 
They can affrad to buy almost anything. 

“You can do a deal without any fi- 
nancing as long as you have currency 
that the other company will take, and the 
best telecom currency available today is 
WorldCom stock,” said Raghu Ram, a 
teJecommnnicatiMis-SCTvices analyst in 
New York for Wheal First Securities. 


This has not been lost on WorldCom 
executives and their advisers at Sa- 
lomon Brothers Inc. They are offering 
MCI shareholders an all-stock deal that 
WorldCom values at $41.50 a share. 

. They propose to exchange slightly 
more than one share of WorldCom for 
each share of MCI. If WorldCom stock 
declines before the deal is consum- 
mated, WorldCom would increase the 
number of shares to be traded for each 
share of MCL 

In effect, W orldCom proposes to give 
MCI shareholders 45 percent of the new 
company in exchange for WorldCom ’s 

• Wo rid Coro’s shares rise. • An 
iconoclastic chairman. Page 13 

100 percent ownership in MCL World- 
Com shareholders would own the bal- 
ance of the merged corporation. 

The potential appeal of WorldCom- 
shares stems from the fact that the stock 
has risen about thirtyfold since 1989: 
MCI shares have not even doubled in 
that period, according to Mr. Ram. 

In addition, WorldCom said that if tiie 
deal went through, the combined com- 
pany could see 22 -percent higher earn- ■ 
ings per share. If profits rose by that 
amount, WorldCom stock probably 
would rise farther. Headers noted that 

See DEALS, Page 8 


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AOENPA 

Bodyguard Still Hazy on Diana’s Crash 


PARIS (AFP) — Trevor Rees 
Jones, the bodyguard who survived the 
car crash that killed Diana, Princess of 
Wales, told the police Thursday more 
about emits before tiie accident but 
still could sot remember the crash 
itself, sources saidas he prepared to fly . 


home to Britain on Friday. In his 
second interview since the crash cm 
Aug. 31, Mr; Rees-Jones was more 
“verbose and more exact” in his an- 
swerathan the first time he spoke to an 
examining magistrate about the crash, 
tiie sources added. 


U.S. Prepares Laser Test Against Satellite 

The United States will shoot at an “reduce the vulnerability < 
aging air force space satellite in a test satellite systems*” the militar 
of a go and -based laser, tiie Pentagon Critics of the laser test bavi 


said Thursday. ; 

Defense Secretary William Cohen 
approved the experiment in an effort to 


tat an “reduce the vulnerability of ll.S. 
latest satellite systems*” the military said. 

atagon Critics of the laser test have said it 

could push tiie United Stales further 
Cohen toward approving space-warfare tech- 
ffort to oology. Page 8. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1997 



PAGE TWO 


Traitor or Patriot? / A Cold War Tale 


After Years of Exile, a Polish Spy Wins Redemption 

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By Christine Spolar 

Wtuhin&m Post Service 


W ARSAW — Redemption for Rysz- 
ard K uklinski came on a recent 
September morning in a Washing- 
ton office b uilding. There, the Pol- 
ish Army colonel who had leaked secrets to the 
CIA about how the Soviet bloc would wage 
conventional war in Europe was told he was not 
a traitor after all. 

The pronouncement — the sum of 47 pages of 
evidence and reasoning — was read aloud by a 
Polish military investigator sent from Warsaw. 
Mr. Kuklinski. listening to familiar, formal Pol- 
ish in a quiet room a few blocks from the White 
House, never smiled. 

The officer, now 67, had once thought this day 
would come years ago. as a part of a rich cel- 
ebration after the fall of Communist rule in 
Poland. He said he imagined a countryman would 
shake his hand and say. -‘K uklinski . I know what 


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you did and why you did it” — to ease the pain of 
estrangement from his homeland. 


Instead, it was 1 6 years after the CIA smuggled 
r. Kuklinski out of Poland and eight years after 







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problem," Mr. Walesa said, “Obviously, Kuk- 
tinski gave die chance to the recent Polish gov- 
ernment led by former Communists. He let them 
score die points in this." 

In an interview days before the announcement 
of Mr. Kaklinski’s absolution, Mr. Jaruzelski, 
the last Communist-era leader of Poland, spoke 
philosophically about his former aide, but he 
gave no indication that he thought Mr. Kuklinski 
— whom he described on radio this week as a 
deserter and a spy — would be cleared- 

“I think it's natural that he returns as aPole to 
his country,” Mr. Jaiuzelski said. “Poland has 
changed. Tliis terrible situation has ceased to 
exist” He added: * 'But to consider him, to treat 
him, as a hero woald be a discredit to those who 
served the army at the time." 


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Mr. K uklin ski out of Poland and eight years after 
the country's Communist regime was toppled 
before the Polish leadership finally dropped 
treason and desertion charges against him. 

From 1972 until just before the Communist 
regime declared martial law in 1981. Mr. Kuk- 
linski fed every Soviet military document he 
could to the CIA. 

A former military planner who became a 
misted aide to (he Communist president of Po- 
land, General Wojciech Jaruzelsld, he secretly 
turned over more than 30,000 documents that 
detailed the innermost workings of the Warsaw 
Pact military alliance — including Soviet war 
plans for Europe and details of advanced 
weapons systems. 

His last such act was to inform the CIA in 1981 
that the government intended to impose martial 
law and crush the anti-Communist Solidarity 
movement. Soon afterward, he was spirited bom 
the country by the CLA. 

Mr. Kuklinski supplied the United States with 
crucial information at a crucial time. Relations 
between Washington and Moscow were par- 
ticularly strained, and Western military 
strategists considered a conventional war in 
Europe a distinct possibility. 

In 1984, Mr. Kuklinski was tried in absentia 
by a Polish military court, found guilty of treason 
and desertion and sentenced to death. Six years 
later, as the Commiiriist regime crumbled, his 








Colonel Kuklinski' s lost Polish Army ID card, issued in 1981. "iVoio people 
know. Even if this contribution was a small one. I was on the right side.” 


and Interior Minister Leszek Miller who re- 
visited Mr. Kuklinski’s case as a means of re- 
moving any political obstacles to Poland's join- 
ing NATO. The Clinton administration, the 
strongest proponent of Polish membership in an 
expanded NATO, indicated that it sympathized 
with Mr. Kuklinski, a hero by American stan- 
dards whom supporters had dubbed Poland’s 
first NATO soldier. 


F OR MONTHS, the two former Com- 
munist politicians maneuvered secretly, 
speaking in code with U.S. officials 
about legal procedures and setting in 
motion a mission that brought Polish prosecutors 
from Warsaw to Washington to take testimony 
from Mr. Kuklinski. 

Polish leaders found a passage in the country's 
penal code that allowed for a case review based 
on the proposition that Mr. Kuklinski believed 
he was serving Poland by passing Soviet secrets 
— in legal terms, he had acted “in a state of 


sentence was reduced to 25 years in prison, and 
in 1995 the Polish Supreme Court ordered a oew 
investigation into his case. 

In the end, only as the Polish military shook 
off its Soviet legacy and the prospects of the 
country's joining NATO brightened were se- 
rious steps taken to resolve his case. 

“It is what it is,” Mr. Kuklinski said about the 
decision, read to him the first week of September 
and announced here last week. “It wasn’t a 
—moment of joyr-f had Ioshoo much to be happy, 
—twos, l supposersatis fi e d that it happeaedtiuring 
my lifetime.” 

Ironically, it was two men with ties to the old 
regime — President Aieksander Kwasniewski 


higher necessity." 

Mr. Kuklinski had always maintained that he 
decided, without pay or persuasion, to provide 
documents to the United States to protect Poland 
in case of an East- West conflict in Europe. The 
Soviet Union, he argued, had planned to use 
Poland as a nuclear front line. 

A Polish military court ruled along those lines 
when it dropped all pending espionage charges 
against Mr. Kuklinski. although few details of 
the decision are known beyond a two-pagesom- 
mary. Other-court materials remain sealed be- 
cause they contain security secrets. Polish mil- 
itary prosecutors said. 


Since he and his family defected in November 
1981, Mr. Kuklinski has lived under an assumed 
name at a secret location in the United States. His 
life has been marked by grief since be left Poland; 
both his adult sons have died: one in a car crash, 
die other in an unexplained boating accident 

Although his treason case has finally been 
resolved, his status in Poland has not Just the 
mention of his name stirs hours of debate and 
m usings about what makes a patriot in a nation in 
which history — and loyalties — cut sharp and 
deep, but never along simple, straight lines. 

In a 1992 survey, 46 percent of those questioned 
felt that Mr. Kuklinski had “betrayed the interests 
of the Polish nation.” Sixteen percent said they 
believed he “behaved like a Polish patriot.” 

Three years later, the tide shifted a bit Sur- 
veys found that 16 percent of those polled were 
in favor of full rehabilitation for him, while 35 
percent believed that if he did not take money for 
his actions his’ initial conviction should be ex- 
punged. A quarter of all those surveyed said the 
conviction should stand; die same percentage 
had no opinion. 

Lech Walesa, the Solidarity founder who was 
Poland's first elected. post-Communist pres- 
ident, never moved to clear Mr. K uklins ki during 
his five years in office. Many people, including 
Mr. Kuklinski. said Mr. Walesa's inaction was 
rooted in the president’s ambivalence and a 
desire to curry favor with the military. 

hi an interview recently, Mr. Walesa was 
. clearly riled by Mr. Kuklinski *s new status and ' 
sought to deflect blame for any delay in resolv- 
ing his case. 

“He never gave me the chance to solve the 


S O AN AFFAIR deeply rooted in intrigue, 
ended in intrigue. In February, Interior 
Minister Miller traveled to Washington 
and met privately with Zbigniew Brzez- 
inski, who was President Jimmy Carter’s na- 
tional security adviser and who had been a 
champion of Mr. Kuklinski’s cause. 

Mr. Ku klins ki agreed to face Polish pros- 
ecutors and, with Mr. Brzezinski's aid, the 
ground rules were set. The interview would be 
held on neutral ground, outside any government 
or police agency. Two prosecutors would listen 
to all testimony, and the public would be in- 
formed of the proceedings only after a decision . 
was made. The prosecutors were required to 
follow military protocol and address Mr. Kuk- 
linski as “coloneL” 

“I value my name, not my rank,” Mr. Kuk- 
linski said. “The rank doesn’r make you smart or 
stupid. But there had been a rumor that! no kmger 
was to be called colonel. I asked them, because 
there was never any reference to that in my 
summons. When they said *Yes, you are a col- 
onel,' I wanted that standard. When two military 
men meet, there should not be any offense.” 

The closed-door interrogation — an exhaustive 
session that lasted four days — was held in a sixth- 
floor conference room next to Mr. Brzezinski’s 
office at the Center for Strategic and International 
Studies, a Washington research center. 

Mr. B raezinski was there, as was the Polish 
ambassador, Jerzy Kozminslri. Mr. Ku klins ki 
brought a private attorney; two Polish military 
officers. Major Bogdan Wlodarczyk and Captain 
Jerzy Kwiecinski, asked the questions. 

Throughout the summer, no more than a hand- 
ful of people in Poland were aware of the new 
-investigation. By July, a few days after Poland 
won an invitation to join NATO, the presidents 
of the United States and Poland met in Warsaw. 
Mr. K uklins ki’s case was discussed, high-level 
officials said, but no one could say then how it 
would be resolved. 

The prosecutors made their decision days be- 
fore a scheduled parliamentary election in Poland. 
State-controlled television carried the news of his 
absolution on Sept 22, the night after the voting. 

“I waited eight years for this; I could wait a 
few more days,” Mr. Kuklinski said. “Now 
people know. Even if this contribution was a 
small one. I was on the right side. And even if it 
was a very small one in a large horizon, it was all 
I had. And that, in fact, was one life.” 


JERUSALEM — Yasser Arafat, the . 
Palestinian leader, flew to Jordan on - ; 
Thursday to call on Sheikh Ahmed , ' 
Yassin, the Hamas religions leader who • j 
was released Wednesday from an Israeli •, 
prison — underscoring the potential im- . 1 
pact of the cleric on the . balance of 
Palestinian politics. 

In the Gaza Strip. Abdel Aziz Rands i, . ( 
a leader of Hamas, said that Sheikh , 
Yassin intended to return to Gaza in two j 

weeks. He is certain to be treated as a :■} j 
national hero. 

Although he is paralyzed in his arms 
and legs, near blind and near deaf, the ■ 
61-year-okJ sheikh is among the most-' 


potent symbols of Islamic resistance to 
Israel, and potentially to the Palestinian 


Israel, and potentially to the Palestinian 
Authority of Mr. Arafat. 

The sheikh is a powerful preacher and • 
a founder of Hamas, the Islamic re- 
sistance movement whose military arm • 
is responsible for many of the terror •; 
attacks in Israel. 

Hamas is believed to be split between 
leaders in Gaza prepared to make poht- . 
icai accommodation with Mr. Arafat, 
and more militant leaders abroad, in- . 
eluding those in Jordan, who are firmly : 
opposed to die Palestinian Authority's i, V 
quest for a settlement with Israel 
While Sheikh Yassin has made no * 
political declaration since his release, his ' 
decision on which side of Hamas to (brow j 
his weight behind could have a major ! 
impact on the movement's orientation. ■ 
Testifying to his importance, Mr. 1 
Arafat went to visit the sheikh at the < 
King Hussein Medical Center, accom- ( 
panied by the king. 


:ic$ 


Mr. Arafat said he hoped to see die 
leikh soon in Gaza. “From the be- 


sheikh soon in Gaza. “From the be- • 
ginning, he was a supporter of the peace J 
process, and I hope he will continue to • 
be so," the Palestinian leader said. j 

King Hussein denied that Sheikh . 
Yassin was released in a deal stemming ; 
from a botched attempt by Israeli agents ' 
to assassinate another Hamas leader in ; 
Amman, as alleged in authoritative Is- J 
raeli and Jordanian press accounts. • 

“1 believe there is no deal,” the king \ 
said. “A deal is usually this for that, and • 
none of this happened. I think die issue 2 
was a wish for humanitarian moves to • 
be made." \ 

According to the Israeli and Jordanian . 
accounts, two purported agents of j 
Mossad, the Israeli secret service, at- ! 
tacked the political leader of Hamas, ; 
Khaled Meshal, on SepL 25. sending him 
to the hospital with serious poisoning. 
The attackers, who had Canadian pass- 
ports, were caught and held in Amman. 


r;irrll 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Shuttle Helps Crew on Mir Replace Its Touchy Computer 


No Bias Found in Airport Screening 


WASHINGTON (AP; — A proposed airport screening 
program to identify potential terrorists will not single out 
travelers because of race, ethnicity or religion, a UJ5. Justice. 
Department review found. When fully in use, die screening will 
apply to all domestic flights and some international flights that 
originate in die United States by domestic carriers. 

Middle Eastern groups have raised concerns that the program 
might unfairly target individuals of Arab and Muslim origin. 

The automated profiling system, which the Federal Aviation 
Administration is expected to put into effect Dec. 31, will use 
computers to scan the travel history and any criminal record of 
fliers to identify potential terrorists. Justice’s civil rights di- 
vision found no reason to believe it would discriminate against 
passengers based on race, ethnicity, gender or religion, point- 
ing out. for example, that the screening would not consider a 
person's name or style of dress. 

A spokesman for the Council on American Islamic Re- 
lations said he was “cautiously optimistic" about the report. 


New York City andstate have agreed tobuild arail system 
linking Kennedy International Airport with a rail station in 
Jamaica. Queens, thar could be completed by 2002. (NYT) 


WHEN WAS THE LAST 

TIME YOU WERE 


CuvpUiibr Our Stiff From Duptarha 

MOSCOW — The team 
aboard the Mir space station 
began restarting its orientation 
system Thursday after repla- 
cing the main comparer to give 
the ship a new lease on life. 

If all goes according to 
plan, the gyroscopic devices 
that keep Mir’s solar panels 
facing the sun will be folly 
operational before the U.S. 
space shuttle Atlantis un- 
docks from Mir on Friday. 

The docked shuttle held the 
aging station steady while 
ground controllers beamed up 
software overnight for the 
new computer, a replacement 
for the one that has bedeviled 
Mir’s crew for months. 

Atlantis will cast off Friday 
afternoon. leaving a new 
American astronaut, David 
Wolf, on Mir and taking 
home his predecessor, the 
physicist Michael Foale. 

Mr. Foale and his Russian 
crewmates, Anatoli Solovyov 
and Pavel Vinogradov, 
suffered three computer 
crashes last month alone, in 
addition to myriad other 


problems — all of which 


prompted some politicians to 
urge NASA to stop funding 


urge NASA to stop funding 
the 11-year-old station and 
cancel Mr. Wolfs mission. 

The seventh successful 
docking of Mir and a U.S. 
space shuttle silenced some 
of the critics for now and 
provided the station with 
much needed supplies of wa- 
ter, air and equipment 

The computer brought by 
Atlantis was not new, but it 
had been fully overhauled 
since it was itself brought 
down from Mir after three 
years' service. Reusing old 
equipment is a familiar pro- 
cedure for Russian space of- 
ficials, whose work has been 


dogged by financial woes 
since the Soviet Union col- 
lapsed six years. 

Those woes have been 
blamed in part for a series of 
accidents, including a serious 
fire in February and a near- 
fatal collision on June 25. 


But both crews and ground 
controllers this week stressed 
the advantages offered by Mir 
to rehearse international co- 
operation in orbit before 
launches begin next year of 
components for the interna- 
tional space station. 


In an effort to persuade 
NASA that Mir is still safe to 
fly, Russian officials Thurs- 
day reiterated their ambition 
to send Yuri Baturin, a top 
aide of President Boris Yel- 
tsin's. to the space station 
next year. 


1 Yuri Glazkov, a deputy 
head of the Star City cosmo- 
nauts training center, said Mr. 
Baturin had successfully 
passed all medical checks and 
would stan training soon, the 
ITAR-Tass press agency re- 
ported- (Reuters. AP) 


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MM wth showers in Seoul 
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PAGE 3 


THE AMERICAS 




x | (l ■ J ones Wins a Vow of Aid 
ortl' ^ ® rom Conservative Group 

^ ^ lso ^ lres New Lawyers for Clinton Suit 


By John F. Harris 

VUifomchHt Ai W Srnw 



U ti. 


r. 




'tik^n 


WASHINGTON — Declaring her- 
. self "excited about the future*’ and 
eager foratnal Paula Corbin Jones has 
announced that she has hired a law firm 
. in Dallas and accepted financial suppon 
■. from ■ conservative organization in Vir- 
ginia to pursue her sexual harassment 
case agwast President Bill Clinton, 

Vts. Jones, whose previous lawyers 
dropped out of the case after disagreeing 
with ner over a settlement with the pres- 
ident, said Wednesday that her new 
attorneys would concentrate on getting 
f the case into the courtroom rather than a 
. settlement 

“I have all the faith they’ll give me a 
jury trial. 1 ve been waiting a long time,” 
Ms, Jones said at the home of her spokes- 
woman and adviser, Susan Carpenter- 
• McMillan, in San Marino, California. 

Ms. Carpenter-McMillan said that 

- the Rutherford Institute, a group in 
Charlottesville, Virginia, that has come 

. to the aid of fundamentalist Christians 
in various legal controversies, would 
help Ms. Jones with the case. 

John Whitehead, the group’s founder 
and president, said by telephone that the 

- organization was dedicated to helping 
. people whose religious liberties or hu- 

V man rights have been violated. Ms. 
Jones, he said, met his criteria. 


-■Jhe right of a woman to be free 
“tun sexual harassment is a basic hu- 
man rights issue,’ ’ be said. . ■ 

■ ittHL? 1 * 1 Snrop expected to 
raise 5100,000 or more for MsTjones, 
although the money will go for expenses 
aad not legal fees. Mr. Whitehead said 
he recommended the Dallas law firm of 
Rader, Cambell, Fisher & Pyke, which 
has represented conservatives in anti- 
abortion cases and other causes. ' 

Neither Ms. Jones nor Ms. Caxpenter- 
McMillan would answer . questions 
about their financial arrangements with 
the law firm — whether, for example, 
the lawyers are taking the case on a 
contingency basis or having their fees 
paid by outside parties. 

Mr. Clinton's supporters have 
claimed that conservative activists were 
sponsoring Ms. Jones's case to attack 
the president. 

Ms. Jones has charged that Mr. Clin- 
ton, while be was governor of Arkansas 
in 1991, invited her to a Little Rock 
hotel suite, dropped his trousers and 
requested oral sex. Mr. Clinton’s at- 
torneys have denied this. Numerous set- . 
dement talks have failed, and the case is 
scheduled to go to trial in May. 

At her news conference Wednesday, 
Ms. Jones's role was limited by Ms. 
Carpenter-McMillan, who fielded most 
questions. During her 30 minutes before 
cameras, Ms. Jones smiled and rocked 



FBI Says Russian Gangs 
Replace Moscow as Big 
Nuclear Threat to U.S. 


POLITICAL 


By Douglas Farah 

Washington Post Service 


tUOBtyRnun 

Paula Corbin Jones announcing 

that she has hired a new legal team. 

on her heels, bin did not speak unless 
Ms. Carpenter-McMillan motioned her 
toward me microphones. 

Ms. Jones’s previous attorneys, 
Joseph Ca m marata and Gilbert Davis, 
have asserted that they hold a Hen for 
$800,000 for their fees and would seek 
compensation if Ms. Jones wins any- 
thing from the president 

A settlement remains possible, even 
as depositions go forward over the next 
three months. Ms. Carpenter- Mc Millan 
said that the new lawyers would handle 
litigation, but that work on a potential 
settlement — and the wording of any 
kind of statement or apology from Mr. 
Clinton — would remain the purview of 
William McMillan, her hnshand 


WASHINGTON — . The director of 
the FBI, Louis Freeh, has warned that 
Russian organized crime networks pose 
a menace to U.S. national security and 
has asserted that there is now greater 
danger of a nuclear attack by some 
outlaw group than there was by the 
Soviet Union during the Cold War. 

Testifying before the House Com- 
mittee on International Relations, Mr. 
Freeh said that about' 30 Russian crime 
syndicates were operating in the United 
States, trafficking in drugs, prostitution, 
fraud schemes and' other activities. 

“The size of this problem is really 
immense,” Mr. Freeh said Wednesday, 
and it requires immediate attention. 
“We have identified organized crime 
organizations not just from Russia and 
Eastern Europe, but from Asia, firm 
Africa, from many other parts of the 
world, which are beginning to operate 
very effectively and very dangerously in 
the United States.” 

Mr. Freeh said also that U.S. law 
enforcement agencies took “very se- 
riously” the possibility that nuclear 
weapons could fall into the hands of 
Russian criminal gangs and added, 
“We have to take drastic stq» to pre- 
vent add detect than ” 


Asked if he believed the United 
States was under a greater threat 1 ‘from 
nuclear detonation now than at ihe 
height of the Cold War." Mr. Freeh 
answered: “If yon describe that det- 
onation as a cri minal or terrorist or 
rogue operation, I think the answer 
would be yes.” 

Mr. Freeh said theRussian syndicates 
conducted the most sophisticated crim- 
inal operations ever seen in the United 
States, based on their access to expertise 
in computer technology, encryption 
techniques and money-laundering fa- 
cilities that process hundreds of millions 
of dollars. 

Pan of that expertise, Mr. Freeh said, 
is provided by “former KGB officers 
working directly with some of those 
organized crime groups, and that poses 
an additional level of threat ana so- 
phistication.” 

At the same hearing, a senior Italian 
police official outlined growing ties be- 
tween the traditional Sicilian Mafia and 
Russian organized crime groups whose 
influence is spreading throughout 
Europe. Giovanni de Gennaro, Italy’s 
deputy director for public security, said 
the Russian groups, acting in concert 
with the Mafia, were buying vast 
amounts of real estate in Italy and pour- 
ing millions of dollars into I talian 
banks. 




» v 



Away From 
Politics 

• Governor Pete Wilson of Cali- 
fornia declared a state of emer- 
gency in Yuba County, opening the 
door to federal assistance for res- 
idents and business owners who 
have suffered fire losses. (AP) 

• A bank robber who gunned 

down a businessman while fleeing 
a holdup in 1988 was executed by 
injection m Huntsville. Texas. The 
execution of Dwight Adanandus, 
41, was the 30th this year in Texas, 
a suite record. (AP) 

• The highest-ranking enlisted 
man. Gene McKinney, the sergeant 
major of the army, came a step closer 
to a court-martial after a reviewing 
officer concurred with a recommen- 
dation that he be tried for sexual 
misconduct, officials said. (NYT) 


Candidate for Air Force Post Was Grounded in 9 91 


By Bradley Graham 

Washington Post Service 


WASHINGTON — The Florida state 
legislator in line to become the next 
secretary of the air force was compelled 
to stop flying fighter jets in 1991 as a 
reservist after his commander expressed 


concern that he was compromising 
safety regulations. 

Daryl Jones reluctantly agreed to stay 
out of the cockpit and take a support job 
rather than face a formal move to ground 
him, according to accounts by him and 
his former superiors. 

His uneven performance in the air 


stirred complaints at the time among 
some squadron members, and a series of 
mishaps finally prompted warnings 
from his commander that he was be- 
coming a risk to himself and others. 

Senior White House and Defense De- 
partment officials who signed off an Mr. 
Jones’s expected nomination as secretary 


said they had been unaware of the epis- 
ode until asked about it by a reporter. 

But after looking into the episode. 
Pentagon officials reaffirmed their sup- 
port for Mr. Jones. “He has an out- 
standing record as an air force reserv- 
ist.” said Rudy de Leon, the Defense 
Department’s personnel director. 


Search for Compromise on Tobacco Plan Gets Bipartisan Push 


By Peter Baker 

Past Service 


WASHINGTON — After days of 
squabbling on other topics. President 
Bill Clinton and the speaker of the House 
of Representatives, Newt Gingrich, have 
pat aside their differences and agreed to 
establish an informal joint working 


group to craft a bipartisan compromise 
on tobacco legislation. 

In teaming up, Mr. Clinton and Mr. 
Gingrich hope to replicate the process 
that broke years of partisan gridlock and 
produced this year’s laiK&nark balanced- 
budget legislation, officials said. Such a 
tenewed collaboration, should it. last, 
could augur well for the prospect that a 


tobacco settlement will eventually 
emerge from Congress. 

“There’s a broad consensus that we 
want to make sure that children don’t 
smoke,” Mr. Gingrich said Wednesday 
after a meeting at the White House with 
Mr. Clinton and 18 congressional lead- 
ers. “There’s a broad consensus that we 
want to find a way to pass legislation 


sometime early next year.” But many 
serious obstacles remain, as the meeting 
itself demonstrated 
For all the optimistic talk, participants 
did not resolve major differences over 
the substance of de proposed settlement, 
let alone the timing for consideration or 
even whether it should be advanced as a 
single package or in pieces. 


Democrats ’ Shift 
Of Funds Probed 

WASHINGTON — The JnMice 
Department is investigating the 
. Democratic Party’s transfer of 
campaign donations to state parties 
during the last election, but the de- 
partment decided last fall that an 
independent counsel was not 
needed in the case, Justice officials 
said Thursday. 

The Democratic National Com- 
mittee transferred at least $32 mil- 
lion to stale Democratic parties in 
the 1996 election so the state or- 
ganizations could pay for adver- 
tising campaigns on issues and gen- 
eric party ads. 

Investigators are examining 
these “issue” ads to see if they 
ainfnmted to veiled ads for Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton and Vice Pres- 
ident A1 Gore. 

■ Mr. Clinton said Thursday the 
practice was strictly legal — and 
done by Republicans, too. 

The issue was raised by Common 
Cause, the citizens’ lobby. (AP) 


Clinton Set to Use 
Veto Knife on Pork 

WASHINGTON — The admin- 
istration has signaled to lawmakers 
that it intends to make liberal use of 
its line-item veto authority and po- 
tentially could strike hundreds of 
“pork-barrel” projects from 1998 
spending bills — beginning next 
week with the legislation that funds 
military construction. 

President Bill Clinton signed the 
$9.2 billion mili tary construction 
bOI on Tuesday, the first of 13 
spending bills that must be com- 
pleted before Congress adjourns for 
the year. But he has until Monday to 
invoke the line-item veto, winch 
allows him to strike individual pro- 
grams he disagrees with while leav- 
ing the rest of the bill intact (WP) 

Quote / Unquote 

Michael Dolan, the acting com- 
missioner of the Internal Revenue 
Service, on the mistreatment of tax- 
payers by foe IRS: “The secret for 
the next few weeks is to act upon 
and treat seriously those thin g s that 
were said but not let the entire or- 
ganization be unfairly besmirched 
or shaken at the core from doing die 
kinds of jobs it has been doing." 

(WP) 


Before you buy 
an expensive watch, 


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the small print. 






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chronometer. 

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PAGE 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY OCTOBER 3, 1997 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


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Kashmir Foes Move to Avert Clashes 

Prime Ministers Use Hot Line for ‘Cordial’ Exchange on Crisis 


Qm^HeitlyOir SutfFmm Dbpatcha 

NEW DELHI — The prime ministers 
of India and Pakistan have talked over a 
new hot line to try to end border dashes 
that have killed at least 39 civilians this 
week, officials on both sides said Thurs- 
day. 

. Inder Kumar Gujral of India spoke 
with Nawaz Sharif of Pakistan late 
. Wednesday “to review the situation’ ' in 
the disputed northern territory of Kash- 
mir, said Tariq Altaf, a spokesman for 
the Pakistani Foreign Ministry. 

“The conversation was cordial,” an 
In dian Foreign Ministry said in a state- 
ment on Thursday. The statement said 
Mr. Gujral had repeated his “deep con- 
cern" at the continuing exchange of fire 
* ‘and the loss of civilian lives." 

Artillery battles intensified across the 
Himalayan frontier on Tuesday morn- 
ing. India said 18 civilians had been 
killed and 30 wounded in the border 
town of Kargil on Tuesday, and a girl 
was repotted killed Wednesday. 
Pakistan said seven of its civilians had 
been killed by Indian shelling on Tues- 
day and 13 on Wednesday. Pakistan said 
more than 30 civilians had been 
wounded over the two days. 

Officials on both sides of the tense 
border said no incidents had been re- 
. ported overnight Wednesday or Thurs- 
day morning. 

The two countries exchange gunfire 
frequently, with United Nations observ- 
ers reporting thousands of incidents 
every year. But the intensity of the ex- 
changes this week was unusual and un- 


expected. 
Each sic 


Each side blamed the other for starting 
the recent fighting. Pakistan summoned 


India's ambassador in Islamabad to bear 
a formal complaint Thursday, matching 
India's protest to the Pakistani envoy in 
New Delhi a day earlier. 

The Pioneer, an Indian daily, said in 
an editorial that Pakistan's shelling of 
Kargil on Tuesday was “tantamount to 
an act of war." 

“India cannot allow outrages like the 
one in Kargil to go unanswered," the 
Indian Express wrote. 

In Pakistan, The News wrote: “There 
is a limi t to how much constant bullying 
and blackmail Pakistan can pat up 
with.” 

The News said the firing underscored 
Indian stubbornness over Kashmir, 
adding, ‘‘Pakistan hardly afford to 
let India set the roles of negotiation." 

Mr. Altaf, the Pakistani spokesman, 
warned India that targeting civilians 
could swing public opinion against “the 
government's policy for constructive 
dialogue with India." 

The shelling has resulted in one of the 
worst peacetime civilian tolls ever and 
has dampened hopes of progress in talks 
between the two countries, which were 
revived earlier tins year following a 
three-year interruption. The two leaders 
set up their hot line after their first sum- 
mit meeting in May. 

Mr. Altaf warned that future talks 
could be in danger after the latest clashes 
and called on both countries to ‘ ‘do their 
utmost to maintain a climate of undis- 
turbed peace." 

India and Pakistan have fou ght three 
wars since they became independent of 
Britain in 1947. Two of the wars were 
fought over Kashmir, which each coun- 
try claims as its own. Kashmir was di- 


vided in the first war, with roughly two- 
thirds in Indian hands. 

India has accused Pakistan of arming 
and training Muslim rebels in Kashmir, a 
charge Islamabad denies. 

In an earlier skirmish that began in 
August and continued into early 
September, at least two dozen people 
were killed on cither side of the 720- 
kilometer (450- mile) military control 
line in Kashmir. Hie recent fighting 
flared just a v«*ek after Mr. Gujral and 
Mr. Sharif met for breakfast while at- 
tending the UN General Assembly meet- 
ing in New York. They pledged to quell 
the tension along the border and 
strengthen communications between 
front-line commanders. 

While activity on the border is usually 
unpredictable, there were several the- 
ories for the latest escalation. 

The Pioneer speculated that Pakistan 
decided to heat up the cease-fire line 
after the United States made it clear that 
it would not intervene in the conflict 

“It is a display of pique at having been 
told by President Clinton that matters 
such as Kashmir are best settled in a 
bilateral manner,” the editorial said. 

The paper also speculated that the 
shelling could be cover fire for moving 
more militan ts across the line of control, 
as the border is formally called, before 
au tumn snows block- access routes. 

Pakistan, meanwhile, saw “a pattern of 
incidents" which have occurred since-the 
resumption of dialogue as an Indian plot 
to undermine die talks, Mr. Altaf said. 

Reports that India had moved its 
short-range Prithvi missiles close to the 
bonier caused an uproar in Pakistan 
earlier (his year. (AP, Reuters ) 


Sri Lanka Drafts Power- Sharing Pact 


Agence France-Presse 

COLOMBO — Sri Lanka 
on Thursday unveiled details 
of a power-sharing formula 
aimed at ending the country’s 
long ethnic war. 

Justice Minister GJL Peiris 
said the cabinet had finalized 
plans to grant greater auton- 
omy in a regional council to 
the minority Muslim and 
Tamil communities in ex- 
change for ethnic peace. 

Ami be repeated that the 
government re maine d eager 
to start talks with die sep- 
aratist Liberation Tigers of 
Tamil Eelam, who launched a 
fierce assault on security 
forces in northern Sri Lanka 
on Tuesday 

Brigadier Sarath Munas- 
inghe, a Defense Ministry' 
spokesman, said 37 soldiers 
were killed and another 100 
were wounded in fierce 
clashes near the rebel-held 
town of Puliy anknlam. He es- 
timated Tamil Tiger casual- 
ties at 69 killed and many 
more wounded. 


At the core of the power- 
sharing formula is a Tamil 
demand for a union between 
the Tamil -dn minHtftd north- 
ern provinces and die mul- 
tiethnic eastern provinces. Sri 
Lanka's S inhal ese majority 
opposes the plan; it is backed 
by die influential Buddhist 
clergy, who have already 
staged public protests against 
the peace plan. 

Mr. Peiris said the govern- 
ment had agreed to hold a 
referendum in the multiethnic 
east to allow people to decide 
if they wanted to unite with 
the north. He said that the 
proposal takes into consider- 
ation for the first time a coun- 
cil for, SriLanka’s second- 
largest minority, the Muslim 
community. 

Members of the Sinhalese 
community who live in the 
eastern district of Ampara will 
have the right to go their own 
way if Tamils and Muslims 
press for separate councils. 

The government propos- 
als, however, are subject to 


change because they must be 
first accepted by an all-party 
panel, the Parliamentary Se- 
lect Committee, or PSC, 
which is charged with draft- 
ing a new constitution. 

“As far as we are con- 
cerned, the cabinet has agreed 
on the unit of devolution and I 


will present it to the PSC oq 
Oct 8,” Mr. Peiris said, 
adding that be hoped the com- 
mittee would produce a final 
document before Nov. 5. 

"In the early months of 
□ext year we will be able to 
have the new constitution in 
place,” Mr. Peiris said. 


Hong Kong Flag Trouble 


Reuters 

HONG KONG — The po- 
lice arrested three youths 
Thursday for desecrating the 
Chinese flag a day alter 
China's National Day, a po- 
lice representative said 

The three youths, all of 
whom were 15 or ltiyeareold, 
were charged with criminal 
damage for destroying a flag 
near a village on Lantao, an 
outlying island, the police said. 
The police also were looking 
for five or six foreigners who 
were thought to have tom 
down 12Chinese flags, also on 


Lantao, she said. It is illegal to 
“publicly or willfully bum, 
mutilate scrawl on, defile or 
trample on" China’s red flag 
or Hong Kong's post-colonial 
flag and emblems depicting 
the bauhinia flower. 

Those found guilty of de- 
secrating either flag can be 
jailed for three years and 
fined 50,000 Hong Kong dol- 
lars ($6,500). 

Flags adorned footbridges 
and roadsides in Hong Kong 
this week to mark the 48th 
anniversary of die founding 
of Communist China. 



Taleban Rejects Truce in City 

KABUL — A senior Taleban official rejected Thursday 
a UN call for a temporary cease-fire to evacuate staff from 
the besieged northern Afghan city of Mazar-i-Sharif, but 
said the group would assist in an evacuation. 

The Islamic movement has been besieging the city, the 
last major one held by the opposition, for more than three 
weeks. 

“We are ready to cooperate with the United Nations to 
evacuate their staff from Mazar, by any overland route or 
by air, but there is no need for a cease-fire for that," a 
Taleban spokesman said. “We do not believe that a 
temporary cease-fire would help to bring peace in Af- 
ghanistan/' 

He said the Taleban was also ready to help civilians to 
leave the city. . (Reuters) 

Ramos Meets Church Leaders 

MANILA — President Fidel Ramps met Roman Cath- 
olic bishops Thursday in a continuing attempt to bridge 
differences with church leaders who led a massive rally 
SepL 21 ago against a campaign to extend his term. 

In a five-horn meeting that included Mr. Ramos, several 
cabinet members and leaders of the Catholic Bishops 
Conference of the Philippines, die participants agreed to 
hold future r»Ilcs at the national and local levels to prevent 
friction. 

“The meeting resulted in a very fruitful presentation and 
exchange of views about critical issues,” a joint com- 
munique said. 

On Wednesday, Mr. Ramos gave a dinner for two of the 
organizers of the rally: former President Corazon Aquino 
and the archbishop of Manila, Cardinal Jaime Sin. 

The dinner represented an attempt at reconciliation for 
three of the country’s most influential figures in the wake 
of a stormy rift over proposals to amend the constitution to 
allow presidents a second term. (AP) 

North Korea Political Prisoners 

SEOUL — South Korea said Thursday that the North at 
one time had more than 200,000 political prisoners in 


camps where conditions were so dire dial many froze or 
starved to death. 

The South’s National Unification Ministry, in a report 
based mostly on testimony up to I9S9 from North Korean 
defectors, told the National Assembly that public ex- 
ecutions and death through torture occurred in about 10 of 
the camps. 

A researcher at the ministry said conditions in the camps 
now could be much worse than the report says because of 
the famine that has ravaged the North. 

“The camps have no electricity or heating futilities, and 
many people die from the cold or starve to death,” the 
report said. “Those who attempt escape are executed 
immediately." ( Reuters ) 

Bangladesh Tracks Elephants 

CHITTAGONG, Bangladesh — Police, forest guards 
and villagers began a major campaign in southeast 
Bangladesh on Thursday to drive away wild elephants that 
have killed at least 20 people in recent months. 

They fired gunshots in the air, exploded firecrackers, 
bear drums and lit bonfires to scare off a herd of 14 
elephants that hod stormed a village close to Chittagong 
early Thursday, die police said. 

Police said wild elephants had killed at least 20 villagers 
in the last four months, injured scores more and damaged 
houses and crops. 

14 Executed in China for Crimes 

BERING — Authorities in die restive north w e s tern 
province of Xinjiang have executed 14 people fra eco- 
nomic crimes, armed robbery and drag-related offenses, 
state-run media reported- .. 

The. 14 executions took place last Friday following a 
public rally in the regional capital, Urumqi, the newspaper 
Xinjiang Daily said in a report 

It said Zhao Jianxin, a 30-year-old clerk at a Bank of 
China branch in Urumqi, was executed for embezzling 
more than 3/28 million yuan ($395,000) in public funds. It 
also said Zhu Hoi, a 24-year-old Urumqi man convicted of 
armed robbery, was killed. 

1116 12 others were executed for using or trafficking in 
illegal drugs, the report said. (AP) 


, -n, 

? 1 . ; . } 6 


Ww AhocumI rim 

A Kashmiri boy waiting for prayers to finish at a funeral Thursday for a civilian killed during a border dash. 


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Nationalist Group in India ASIA: Smog Blotting Out Many Economies, Too PILOT: Death of an ‘Ambassador of Goodwill ’ 

Asssails Foreign Comnanies Continued from Page 1 have contributed to Indone- Thursday evening it was Continued from Page 1 of 5,400 on the southern Ore- Fujita oriented hims 
c? JT sia’s worst air disaster, on Fri- 175. eon coast focused on logging with foe Cape Bianco lie 


Reuters 

NEW DELHI — Members of a hard-line nationalist 
organization held a rally here Thursday, attacking foreign 
multinational companies and demanding curbs on the use 
of English. 

The group, the National Volunteers Organization, also 
demanded dial India deport illegal immigrants from 
Bangladesh. 

“World over, wherever the multinational companies 
have succeeded in entrenching themselves, they have 
poked their nose in the economy and foe policies of those 
countries," foe group's chief, Rajendra Singh, told the 
estimated 100,000 people at the rally. It was held to mark 
India's 50th anniversary of independence in August 


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given foe other problems foe 
economies in the region have 
been facing recently," Andy 
Tan, regional economist with 
MM5 Standard & Poor’s, told 
Reuters. "I think if you were 
to look at the direct impact on 
the economies, then foe hit 
might not be that bad. But 
you've got to ask what mes- 
sage this conveys to the in- 
ternational community." 

Already, according to fund 
managers, many billions of 
investment dollars have been 
withdrawn or diverted from 
Southeast Asian stock mar-' 
kets since faltering growth 
and excessive property lend- 
ing forced Thailand to de- 
value the baht on July 2, trig- 
gering a chain reaction of 
instability in other regional 
currencies and shares. 

Bruce Gale, regional man- 
ager of Political and Econom- 
ic Risk Consultancy, said that 
the haze might not prompt 
existing investors in South- 
east Asia to pull out, but could 
cause new investors to recon- 
sider their plans. 

“This is bad for Asia, par- 
ticularly as inward invest- 
ment is desperately needed 
now," he said. 

The haze is reported to 


have contributed to Indone- 
sia's worst air disaster, on Fri- 
day, when an Airbus pasenger 
jet belonging to foe national 
airline, Garuda, crashed 
while trying to land in poor 
visibility near Medan, on the 
island of Sumatra, killing all 
234 passengers and crew. 

The haze has also been 
blamed for a recent collision 
between two cargo shim, re- 
sulting in the loss of 29 sea- 
men, in the busy Strait of 
Malacca, foe main sea lane 
connecting the Indian and Pa- 
cific oceans. 

Traders said that foe fires in 
Indonesia, to clear forest land 
for development in drought 
conditions, were a forest to 
the country's cocoa crop be- 
cause buyers, mostly from the 
United States, would reject 
smoke-affected beans. 

Drought in Indonesia. 
Malaysia and foe Philippines 
is likely to cause substantial 
reductions in other important 
crops, including rice, com 
ana coffee, officials said. 

Singapore's labor ministry 
said that all outdoor work, 
except emergency and essen- 
tial services, should stop if the 
official pollution index 
reached 400. At one point 


REPUBLIC OF LEBANON 
MUNICIPALITY OF TRIPOLI 
COUNCIL FOR DEVELOPMENT AND RECONSTRUCTION 
Notice of rfr-invitation to tender for the 
Build, Operate and Transfer (BOT) contract for ■ 
development project comprising a cultural and commercial complex & car park 
at TaB Square - Tripoli 

The Lebanese Government, represented by the Council for Dgvetopnent and Reconstruction and the Mncndpafity ofTripoK, 
announce the re-tendering of tbe BoBd, Operate and Transfer contract tor the above-UKHttooed project. 

The candidates eligible to bid are the Lebanese or foreign Brens acting alone or In johtt venture with others which are judged suitable 
to carry out this type of project on the basis of tbe criteria set out In tender documents 

The tender document wOJ he available as of Wednesday 1/10/1997 from the Coanefl for Development and Reconstruction, TaBet el 
Serall, Beirut, Lebanon. Candidates may obtain the document against payment of USS2,000 (Two thousand US dollars) by means of a 
certified banker's cheque drawn hi favour of the Conned for Development imd Reconstruction. Bidders who psrduased the fouler 
document for the first invitation to tender wOI receive the new document free of charge. 

Bids should be delivered to the CDR office for receipt of tenders by Monday 1/12/1997 before 12 noon (Beirut time). 

Envelope No. 1 (technical and administrative) wifi be opened in the presence of all bidden wishing to attend in tbe CDR offices at 12 
noon (Beirut ttme) on Monday 1/12/1 997. The tender committee trill evaluate the offers in order to assess the suitahllfty of bidders to 
carry oat the project and wfll then prepare theHstoftbe prequaKfied candidates. Envelope No. 2 (financial) of the c andida t es who do 
not qualify will be returned unopened. 

Envelope NoJ (financial) of prequaHflcd bidders will be opened in the presence of all such bidders wishing to attend on a date to he 
notified. 

For farther mformafion please contact; Tbe Council for Devetopmeni and Reconstruction - Tafiet el Serafl - Beirut Lebanon - Tel: 
+961 1 643981/2/3 - Fax: +961 1 864494 


Thursday evening it was 
175. 

The ministry said that if the 
index reached 300, something 
it has not yet done, all outdoor 
workers should use respirat- 
ors, which employers most 
provide. 

Malaysia, especially foe 
state of Sarawak on foe island 
of Borneo, has been worst hit 
by foe pollution. Sarawak was 
virtually closed for 10 days 
last month as smoke from 
burning forests in neighbor- 
ing Indonesian Kalimantan 
reduced visibility to arm’s 
length in Kuching, foe cap- 
ital. 

Visitor bookings in 
Sarawak are about half of 
their expected level for this 
tune of year, hoteliers say. 

“As far as 1997 is con- 
cerned, business is going to 
be very bad," said Michael 
Hawkins, general manager of 
the Borneo Adventure travel 
firm in Kuching. 

■ Changed Winds Due 

Changing winds will clear 
foe smog covering mach of 
Southeast Asia, the bead of 
the Indonesian meteorologic- 
al service predicted Thurs- 
day, but there is no end in 
sight to the country’s forest 
fires, Agence France-Presse 
reported from Jakarta. 

The head of the Indonesian 
meteorology office, Sri Di- 
harto, said that a change in the 
wind pattern had been detec- 
ted “and this will soon take 
foe smoke away from our 
neighbors." 

The new wind was poshing 
smoke toward foe Indian 
Ocean, away from Malaysia 
and Singapore- 


Continued from Page 1 

On his first postwar visit to 
Brookings in 1962, Mr. Fajita 
carried with him a 400-year- 
old samurai sword that had 
been handed down in his fam- 
ily from generation to gen- 
eration. 

He presented foe sword, 
which he had carried with him 
throughout foe war, to foe city 
of Brookings as a symbol of 
his regret, and it now hangs in 
foe local tibraiy. 

Mr. Fujita's daughter, 
Yoriko Asakura, said Thurs- 
day that there was a bit more 
to foe story. She recalled that 
her father had been very 
anxious before foe visit, fret- 
ting about whether Oregoni- 
ans would be angry at him for 
foe bombing, and so he had 
decided to carry the sword so 
that if necessary he could ap- 
pease foeir fury by commu- 
ting ritual suicide by disem- 
boweling himself with foe 
sword in foe traditional Jap- 
anese method known- as sep- 
puku. 

"He thought perhaps 
people would still be angry 
and would throw eggs at 
him," Mrs. Asakura recalled. 
“And if that happened, as a 
Japanese, he wanted to lake 
responsibility fra what he had 
done” by committing sep- 
puku. 

Mr. Fujita’s grandson, Fu- 
mihiro Asakura, said that his 
grandfather had been deeply 
moved by foe hospitality foe 
people of Brookings had 
shown him, showering him 
with affection and respect 
that be felt he did not de- 
serve. 

Brookings is a remote town ' 


of 5,400 on the southern Ore- 
gon coast, focused on logging 
and farming, but it now has an 
excellent selection of books 
about Japan in its local li- 
brary. 

“He gave $1,000 to tbe li- 
brary to purchase books about 
Japan for children, so foal 
there wouldn’t be another war 
between the United States 
and Japan.” Nancy Brend- 
linger, foe mayor of Brook- 
ings, said by telephone. 

“He was always very 
humble and always promot- 
ing foe idea of peace between 
foe United States and Ja- 
pan.” 

Local churches and busi- 
nesses in Brookings contrib- 
uted $3,000 to pay for Mr. 
Fnjita's trip to Oregon in 
1962; he responded by paying 
for several local people to vis- 
it Japan. 

He also made three more 
visits to Brookings over the 
years, planting trees to mark 
the spot where he had 
dropped foe bombs and par- 
ticipating in a 1994 ceremony 
to dedicate a state historical 
marker near foe site. 

In foe war, Japan bombed 
Hawaii and some islands off 
of Alaska. But the air raids on 
Oregon were the only attarics 
by Japanese airplanes on 
what were states at that time. 

A submarine carrying a 
crew of about 100 and a small 
plane with folded wings 
slipped across the Pacific to 
the unprotected waters off the 
Oregon coast 

In the pre-dawn darkness 
of Sept. 9. '1942, the crew 
assembled the plane and shot 
it into the air with a catapult, 
and Mr. 



Fujita oriented himself 
with foe Cape Bianco light- 
house and flew over the 
coastal range, dropping two 
76-kilogram (168-pound) 
bombs over the forests in the 
hope of setting terrible forest 
fires. 

Mr. Fujita’s plane had been 
spotted from the ground, but 
no one had more than a deer 
rifle to shoot at it with. He 
flew back to the submarine — 
and was horrified to discover 
it was not there. He feared that 
it had been discovered and 
forced to leave him behind, 
but he eventually found it and 
landed in the water on the 
plane's floats. The subma- 
rine’s crew members quickly 
stowed foe plane and dived to 
76 meters (250 feet), while 
the U.S. Navy searched train 
tically for them. 

Three weeks later, Mr. 
Fujita flew an ’almost identic- 
al mission and dropped two 
more bombs. None of the 
bombings, on either mission, 
caused much of a fire, but 
they did provoke alarm up 
ana down foe coast 

Although Mr. Fujita’s were 
foe only air raids on foe 
American mainland, Japan 
did release thousands of bal- 
loons carrying bombs. 

The winds carried foe bal- 
loons across foe ocean to the 
western United States, where 
they landed and set small 
fires. Tbe rally fatalities were 
a group of people on a church 
outing in Oregon and perhaps 
a woman in Montana. 

Mr. Fujita's air raid was 
regarded in Japan as heroic. 
The main front-page story in 
foe Asahi newspaper’s even- 
ing edition on Sept 17. 1942, 
carried the headline: "Incen- 
diary bomb dropped on Ore- 
gon State. 

* ‘first air raid on mainland 

America. Big shock to Amer- 
icans." 

After the war, Mr. Fujita 
started a hardware store in foe 
prefecture of Ibaraki, tusa 
Tokyo, but it eventually went 
bankrupt. 

He later worked at a com- 
pany making wire, and he 
rarely talked of foe war or of 
his younger brother, who was 
killed in the fighting. 





rM 


' ! - ^ 1 *1 iS 


r 





INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE* FRIDAY* OCTOBER 3* 1997 


f EU Signs New Charter 
To Bolster Cooperation 

Rul, Critics Quickly Assail Its Limitations 


EUROPE 


' ' - „ M ** &'*&*"' *?fn ^ - J - - « 


by Oar Staff From Dtipacba 

t AMSTERDAM — Die European 
Umwi moved ahead Thursday with its 
grand plans for consolidation, signing a 
new charter that it called a milestone in 
Uniting the Continent, while acknowl- 
edging the bloc’s shortcomings in get- 
tmgready for 11 newcomers. 

‘Let ns raise our ambitions,” the 
prime minister of Luxembourg, Jean- 
Claude Juncker, said to the EU foreign 
minis t er s who signed the treaty. 

.He said the treaty, adopted at a sum- 
mit meeting in June, was “insufficient" 
to reform the EU’s arcane decision- 
makmg ways and so enable the group to 
comfortably absorb 10 eastern neigh- 
bors and Cyprus. Consequently, foeUu- 
ian is looking at another round of reform 
talks in two or three years before it lets 
in new members. 

Poland, the Czech Republic, Hun- 
gary, Slovenia, Estonia ana Cyprus lead 
the list of new members. Farther behind, 
are Romania, Bulgaria, Lithuania, 
Latvia and Slovakia. The first new- 
comers are unlikely to join before 2004, 
perhaps even before 2003. 

The new treaty lifts internal border 
controls, provides for closer police co- 
operation and uniform visa and asylum 
policies, except for Britain, Ireland and 
Denmark. 

Zt also commits gove rnments to joint 
employment strategies. 

In addition, the treaty makes it harder 
for individual nations to block foreign 
policy decisions and creates a foreign 
policy planning unit at the EU head 
office. 

To take effect, this latest version of 
the treaty must be ratified by the leg- 
islatures of the IS EU nations, which 
will take years. 

Jacques Santer, presklent of the Euro- 
pean Commission, said in a speech at 
the Dutch Royal Palace that the new 


treaty represented progress, but be, too, 
expressed disappointment that the bloc 
had not agreed on more far-reaching 
changes at the June meeting. 

“I don't bide the deficiencies, the 
weaknesses, the gaps," he said, adding-, 
“But let’s be honest: One must rec- 
ognize that important progress has been 
made since foe treaty of Maastricht, 
notably as for as the citizen is con- 
cerned.’’ 

Countering critics who have labeled 
the new treaty a weak compromise, the 
Dutch prime minister, Wim Kok, said it 
contained new provisions in foe areas of 
health and the environment. 

It also has prepared EU leaden for a 
jobs summit meeting in Luxembourg 
next month. 

The treaty’s proponents are already 
calling it<a foundation document and 
acknowledging that further work is nee- 


>, V--' 

.'-x • 



i-aw 




* ’The treaty of Amsterdam will not be 
the last treaty on European coopera- 
tion," Mr. Kok said. “It provides a firm 
basis for the construction of a strong and 
enlarged Europe that can face the chal- 
lenges of the 21st century." 

As the document was signed in an 
ornate hall in (he 17th century Royal 
Palace, the police clashed with about 
100 anarchists on the Dam Square out- 
side, arresting some and using horses to 
drive back others. 

Fearful that enlargement may fall be- 
hind schedule, Belgium, France, Italy 
and the EU executive commission are 
pushing for new talks on reforming the 
union — by t rimming the 20-member 
commission and reallocating votes to 
EU members at ministerial sessions. 

Luxembourg took over the rotating 
presidency from the Dutch in the second 
naif of titis year, with a mission to sort 
out how to proceed with membership 
talks. (AP. Reuters ) 



■ 

Jp™ 


• V'-’ > " ' 











An Annoyed Yeltsin Cancels Visit by Belarus Leader 


waited too long to clear his Russian travel 


Rv Daniel Williams government TV on charges of illegally cross- waited too long to clear his Russian travel 

Washinoion Post Service ing into Belarus from Russian territory. One plans with Mr. Yeltsin. The Belarussians sent 

— journalist remains jailed despite repeated calls a telegram to Moscow only at 9:30 PM. the 

So much for Slavic unity, from Mr. Yeltsin for his release. night before, officials said. In a message de- 

mment kept the president of Russia’s union with Belarus underlined the livered to Minsk at 1:30 AM„ Mr. Yeltsin 


MOSCOW — So much for Slavic unity. 
The Russian government kept the president of 


livered to Minsk at 1:30 AM_ Mr. Yeltsin 
Belarus from visiting Russia on Thursday, the revival of nationalism as an emerging ide- responded that he would be happy to have Mr. 
latest chapter in a series of squabbles between ology in Russia, but the marriage has been Lukashenko visit — but only when the jour- 
tfae neighboring states that only last April rocky from (he start Mr. Lukashenko had nalist, Pavel Sheremet, is released, 
joined together in a loose union. expected virtual integration of the two coun- Mr. Lukashenko answered thar he could not 


joined together in a loose union. expected virtual integration c 

An aircraft carrying the Belarussian pres- tries, but the lack of econorr 
idem, Alexander Lukashenko, was scheduled liberalization ui Belarus frigb 
to fly to Yaroslavl Province on Thursday for in Mr. Yeltsin’s government, 
celebration of a "Belarussian days” festival . . Reformist members of Mr 


expected virtual integration of the two coun- Mr. Lukashenko answered thar he could not 
tries, but the lack of economic and political give into political pressure, bdt he nonetheless 
liberalization in Belarus frightened reformers hoped that friendly relations would develop 


celebration of a “Belarussian days’ \ festival . . Reformist members of Mr. Yeltsin-’s gov- 
Just houi&Jbefore the trip, the government of ..eminent.' notably the deputy prime minister* 


president Boris Yeltsin refused to give the - -Anatoli Chubais, persuaded Mr. Yeltsin to Lukashenko was snubbed by Russians on this ident was dsked if thete^ was any chance he 
plane permission to enter Russian airspace. limit the union to military, economic and eve of a planned visit In August, he was would run again in the year 2000. . 

* . «— ■— * -* social cooperation and to “strengthening scheduled to visit Kaliningrad, which borders m ~ ‘ w 


In general Mr. Lukashenko has irritated social cooperation and to “strengthening 
Mr. Yeltsin by re-establishing a police state in brotherhood.” Mr. Lukashenko’s spokes- 


the former Soviet republic, dismissing Par- 
liament and abusing human rights. In July, 


man, Valeri Tolkachev. said opponents of the 
union have now used the case of the detained 


eve of a planned visit In August he was would ran again in the year 2000. . 
scheduled to visit Kaliningrad, which borders To the surprise of assembled reporters. Mr. 

Belarus, but without warning, the governor Yeltsin avoided repealing the negative line he 


moreover, Mr. Lukashenko detained four journalist as an excuse to make new trouble. 
television crew members working for Russian The Kremlin said that Mr. Lukashenko had 


there urged him to canceL 
Besides unhappiness with Mr. Lukashen- 



Kohl’s Allies Arrange Cut in Special Tax 




Mr. Waigel, who found revalue to offset the tax cut. 


By John Schmid 

International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT. — Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl's coalition struck a deal Thursday 
to put money back into taxpayers’ pock- 
ets by cutting an income tax surcharge 
imposed to keep the East German econ- 
omy afloat 

It was a rare legislative breakthrough 
for Mr. Kohl, as his quarrelsome co- 
alition united to deliver on its twice- 
broken pledge to reduce the nation's 
unpopular “solidarity” tax. 

The agreement by the three-party al- 
liance to cut the 7.5 percent surcharge by 
2 percentage points next year quiets an 
issue that had repeatedly threatened to 
destabilize the coalition. It also allows 
Mr. Kohl to enter an election year with 
an uncommonly peaceful team. 

Thanks to a series of last-minute con- 
cessions by the Finance Ministry, tax- 
payers next year stand to reap the ben- 
efits of the tax break, creating a modest 
economic stimulus in an election year. 

As recently as a few days ago. Finance 
Minister Theo Waigel bad insisted on 
using tax -increases in other areas to 
cover the 7.1 billion Deutsche mark ($4 
billion) the cut would cost. 

With accusations of “accounting 


trickery," opposition leaders and econ- 
omists attacked the agreement’s polit- 
ically painless mechanisms to finance the 
shortfall In parliamentary debate Thurs- 
day, the opposition said the tax break 
would leave a financial harden that would 
have to be addressed after national elec- 
tions in September next year, when Mr. 
Kohl seeks an unprecedented fifth term. 

Bonn will offset some S billion DM 
through deferred repayments on debts in- 
herited from the former East Germany, 
debts that Bonn took over after the 1990 
unification. Mr. Waigel also earmarked 
further funding from privatization of state 
assets and real estate. 

Skirting any meaningful structural re- 
forms, the tax cut deal reinforces the view 
that Bonn instinctively disavows eco- 
nomic modernization, economists said. 

“This solution is just a papering over 
the cracks,” said Adolf Rosenstock, 
chief Germany economist in Frankfort 
for Industrial Bank of Japan. “What we 
do not pay today we have to pay later.” 

Mr. Waigel who said last month that 
chronic budget battles had made him 
weary of his job, is gambling that a 
stronger economy and lower unemploy- 
ment next year will stoke tax revenue and 
help balance the books, economists said. 

Mr. Waigel dismissed accusations 


that the measures offsetting the tax cut 
would push the deficit to more than 3 
percent of national output, topping the 
limit allowed for German participation 
in the single European currency. 

“With the reduction of the solidarity 
surcharge we are not deviating at all 
from our strict coarse of budget con- 
solidation,” he told Parliament 
The cut salvages at least part of the 
economic lift foreseen in the govern- 
ment's sweeping tax reform plan that 
was killed off by die opposition Social 
Democrats last week, Mr. Waigel said. 

More than any other post-unification 
measure, the solidarity levy, which ap- 
pears as a separate item on pay stubs, has 
become a grating monthly reminder of 
the cost of rebuilding Eastern Germany 
and grafting Western Germany’s gen-. 
’ erous welfare state onto the East 

The tax has twice defied reduction 
efforts. It was introduced as a one-year 
measure in 1992, but by 1995 it was 
back. Mr. Kohl trittl to cut it again last 
year but could not finance the shortfall 
Business leaders scoffed at the notion 
that the tax break will provide a mean- 
ingful economic stimulus. Hans-Joachim 
Hass of the German Industry Federation 
said it would allow die average family to 
buy an extra pizza each month. 


PAGE 5 


Italian Party Seeks 
Shelving of Budget 


, Rotten 

ROME — The leader of 
Italy’s hard-left Refounded 
Communist Party said Thurs- 
day that the government’s 
1998 budget should be with- 
drawn. 

The budget “is wrong and 
it must be set aside," said 
Fausto Bertmotti, bead of the 
Refounded Communists, die 
far-left remnant of foe former 
Communist Party, “Discus- 
sions should begin instead on 
giving answers to the prob- 
lems we have posed.” 

The Refounded Commu- 
nist Party, which secures 
Prime Minister Romano 
Prodi's majority in the Cham- 
bet of Deputies, has refused 
to back the budget. It is vehe- 
mently opposed to 5 trillion 
lire ($2.8 billion) of welfare 
and pensions cuts included in 
the package. 

Mr. Bertinotti, who also 
says the budget does not do 
enough to increase jobs, dis- 
missed an overture from a se- 
nior member of the main gov- 
ernment party, the Party of 
the Democratic Left 
(formerly foe mainstream 
Communists), for talks to try 
to break die deadlock. 


passing a deficit-cuitiflg 
budget through foe legislature 
& considered crucial to Italy s 
hopes of joining a European 
single currency in 1999. 

Die European Union com- 
missioner in charge of mon- 
etary affairs, Y ves-Thibaiul 
de Silguy, said in Brussels 
that it would be u n t h i nk able 
for Italy to' give up on Euro- 
pean economic and monetary 
union after its efforts in 
achieving higher growth and 
lower inflation. 

4 The 1998 budget will be 

very decisive,” he said. 

Mr. Ptodi called the situ- 
ation, in which the position of 
die Refounded Communists 
threatens Italy’s first leftist- 
dominated government since 
• World War H, “the maddest 
crisis in foe world.” 

He said some slight 
'changes to foe budget were 
possible but ruled out de- 
mands to rewrite it entirely. 

Mr. PTOdi was (raveling to 
Chambery, France, on Thurs- 
day for talks with President 
Jacques Chirac and Prime 
Minister Lionel Jospin, but 
ministers said efforts to res- 
cue foe go venunent were pro- 
ceeding. 


v '.-'r . ' 

I* • ‘ 


Sjocri*w Dekfcn/Ifcc Amdacd Press 

Plainclothes police arresting an anarchist demonstrator who protested outside the Royal 
Palace in Amkerdam as EU foreign ministers signed the latest version of the Union's charter. 


Lukashenko to Russia on their own. Mr. 
Yeltsin, himself on a provincial visit to 


a telegram to Moscow only at 9:30 PM. the Nizhny Novgorod on Thursday, said: “1 am 
night before, officials said. In a message de- warning the governors about one thing. They 
livered to Minsk at 1:30 AM„ Mr. Yeltsin are forbidden to invite heads of other stales 
responded that he would be happy to have Mr. without the president's permission.” 

iS‘SSs V «| S < tt ,,hei0,,r ' ® feltain Hints at a Third Term 
Mr. Lukashenko answered thar he could not Eleven months after life-saving heart sur-' 
give into political pressure, bdt he nonetheless gery. President Yeltsin dropped a tantalizing 
booed that friendly relations would develop hint Thursday that he might consider running 


hoped that friendly relations would develop hint Thursday that he might consider running 
“irrespective of political games played by for a third term in the Kremlin despite an 
some Kremlin-circles.’' . . earlier flaifdemai. Renters reported. 

-. This’ was -foe second i time ; that Mr. ' • In Nizhny Novgorod, the 66-year-old pres- 


took just a month ago and replied: “My 
friends and colleagues have forbidden me 


ko, Mr. Yeltsin appears to be offended that from talking about this. Why are you pushing 
regional governors have been inviting Mr. me so early?” 


BRIEFLY 


Pope Cites Other Ifolocausts 

ABOARD THE POPE’S PLANE— Pope John Paul H 
en rente to a four-day visit to Brazil, said Thursday that 
Jews were not the only people .to have suffered a holo- 
caust 

Asked about publication of a Vatican document con- 
demning the slaughter of Jews in World War H, the 

S iff said: “The holocaust was clear. We must not 
et that there have been other holocausts in the world, 
we must not forget these other holocausts.” 

The Pope has convened a symposium for foe end of this 
month on Christians and anti-Semitism, which Jewish 
officials hope, will lead .to a church text on foe Nazi 
extenmnatuxrof foe; Jews. '.'.‘IT "\V. 

On Tuesday, . the . Roman Catholic Church in France 
' made its first public confession,’ more than 50 years after 
the event; that it failed to. protest deportations of Jews to 
death camps. 

“It’s interesting to see that it*s always foe Catholic 
Church and the Pope who apologize while others remain 
silent,” foe pontiff said. “Maybe it's right that way,” he 
added. # (AFP) 

Swiss Bonk Won , t Say It , s Sony 

}zuwcir;-4 L A ^ Bem 

J eramenf refused Diii^ray to apologize to a night watblrF 
asm Bounded from Switeeriaod after be revealed that foe 
bank 7 had -shred3«l' N azi-era -gapere -Brat might havtf 


"helped trackJewish assets, 
union Bank of Switzerla 


Union Bank of Switzerland said it regretted any trou- 
bles that foe former night watchman, Christoph Meili, 
went through, but stopped short of formally apologizing. 
Mr. Meili bad demanded an apology after prosecutors 
dropped an investigation into whether he had violated 
banking secrecy laws by blowing the whistle on doc- 
ument-shredding. 

Mr. Meili, 29. received death-threats- after rescuing 
historical documents, including some from the 1930s and 
1940s,'frbm foe bank" s Shredder m'Jahhary and giving 
them to a Jewish group. The incident damaged Swiss 
banks' efforts to 'counter accusations, that they were 
hoarding the wealth of Jewswho were killed in foe 
Holocaust. 

“We regret any unpleasant consequences that have 
arisen for Mr.. Meili. as a result of foe unintentional 
shredding of documents' at UBS,” said a bank spokes- 
woman, Gertrud Erismann. 

Asked if this meant foe bank was apologizing, foe 
spokeswoman said: “Yon can interpret it as yon m ce. I 
will not go further. We regret it” (Reuters) 

Isolation Over , Labour Insists 

BRIGHTON, England — The governing Labour Party 
boasted Thursday that it had ended British “isolation- 
ism” and invited France to join it in a new initiative to 
control Europe's arms trade. - - - 

“We’ve ended foe isolationism of foe Tory years,” 
Foreign Secretary Robin Cook said at foe party's annual 
conference. “We’ve rejoined foe same planet as the rest 
of foe world. And we’ve proved Britain can be a leading 
member of that world.” 

Labour ended 18 years of Conservative rule with a 
landslide victory in foe May 1 general election, and an 
opinion poll published Thursday showed, a big jump in the 
patty’s popularity. The poll in The Times showed Labour 
up 5 points to 59percent and foe Conservatives down 3 at 
25 percent 

Mr. Code has tightened foe rales on arms export 
licenses to ensure that Britain, one of foe world’s four 
largest aims exporters, no longer sends weapons to re- 
pressive regimes. (Reuters) 


Opposition lows to Defy Milosevic 

The Associated Pms nicipal assembly, voting with foe So- foe government of Serbia to “fully re- 

BELGRADE— Defiant opponents of claim Party of Mr. Milosevic and foe spect the rights of citizens to assemble 
President Slobodan Milosevic of ultranationalist Serbian Radical Party to peaceably.” 

Yugoslavia announced Thursday that replace him. Mr. Djindjic was the most popular 

they would hold new demonstrations de- Die tough police response to foe figure of the huge protests last winter 

.. . . . ■ ia. — -C that D4c ll/fit rtnwf/* 'iiv'tJnrt Lfr Lfil/MAVirt «■/«<» 


“The citizens of Belgrade cannot be boos Of the jond last winter ant forced /imaged to oust Mr. Djindjic after per- 
intimidated,” the Democratic Party of him to recognize opposition election vie- suading his former pro-democracy ally, 
foe dismissed mayor of Belgrade, Zoran tones in Belgrade and other large cities. Vuk Draskovic, to turn against him. 
Djindjic, said in a statement. "We will “They clubbed me. kicked me, m Mogcow Raid in Bosnia 

continue our protests as soon as Sat- broughr medown to foe pavement and 

urdav until foe final victory." then handcuffed me, sard Dragu tin Rok- Moscow criticized NATO peacekeep. 

With tensions high ahead of runoff vie, a journalist whose aim was broken, mg troops Thursday for using excessive 
elections Sunday for foe presidency of The police also resorted to force force in arai£ Wednesday on television 
Serbia, any opposition demonstration Wednesday agamst thousands of ethnic tranam^heidbySeibKm nationalists 
otto, 3 uyyw , . .... * its in Serbia s Kosovo m Bosma-Heizegovma, Reuters report- 


mmw 


by riot Albanian 


poilre. riViwu* UU J — — 

Wednesday were broken up by club- 
swinging policemen, and dozens of 
people were arrested Wednesday. 

The protests were generated by foe 
dismissal of Mr. Djindjic, the first non- 
Communist mayor of Belgrade in 50 

years. He was removed Tuesday aftM- an 

allied party switched sides in the mu- 




about 90 percent of foe population in 
Kosovo but only a minority in all of 
Yugoslavia, were de m a ndi ng the right to 
an Al ^ an ' an - l wn g 1M P < * edu c ation. 

The use of police force drew a joint 
protest from the United States and foe 

European Uniofl. Calling the police action 

“unacceptable,” their statement urged 


Several hundred NATO soldiers, includ- 
ing Russians, seized four television trans- 
mitters in the Serb Republic of Bosnia. 

Western officials said that NATO had 
repeatedly warded foe Bosnian Serbs to 
end propaganda broadcasts and that the 
station had broadcast doctored material 
from the UN war-crimes tribunal. 


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EDITORIALS /OPINION 


Herald 


INTERNATIONAL 



PUBLISHED WITH TU£ MEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON HOST 


Not All Boats Are Rising 


^a b « nc If Algeria Won’t Stop the Killing, UN Must Step In 


[ At firsi glance, the laiesr figures on 
•Americans' incomes seem to hold 
mostly good news. For the second 
■straight year, median household in- 
comes went up — by 1.2 percent in 
.1996. Women working full time 
earned 2.4 percent more in 1996 than 
[the previous year, narrowing the gap 
•with men (though they still earned only 
74 percent as much). Hispanic house- 
holds did particularly well, gaining 5.8 
; percent in median income. 

But a second look gives ground for 
[concern. The United States is six years 
into an economic expansion, with low 
■inflation, low unemployment and a 
[famously soaring stock market Yet the 
benefits of economic growth are not 
[filtering down as much as might be 
expected. Median household income 
remains lower than in 1989, before the 
■last recession. The number of poor 
people in the United States did not 
diminish in 1996 from the previous 
year, the poverty rate is still higher than 
[in 1989 and the number of those con- 
sidered very poor — earning less than 
one- half the poverty threshold — ac- 
tually increased. Wages for men work- 
ing full time declined in 1996 by 0.9 
percent from the previous year. 

Beneath these disappointing statis- 
tics is a trend of increasing inequality. 
During the past three decades, the top 
one-fifth of American households has 
seen its income grow by 49 percent, 
while the bottom fifth grew by only 22 
percent. As a result, that top fifth now 
earns nearly half of all income. The 
current expansion hasn't reversed this 
long-term trend. Last year the poorest 
fifth of families saw their income de- 
cline by $210, while the richest 5 per- 
cent gained an average of $6,440 (not 


even counting their capital gains). 

Explaining this widening gap is 
harder than describing it. As the econ- 
omist Paul Krugman and others have 
pointed out, differences have opened 
up not only between groups — college- 
educated vs. high school graduates, for 
example — but also within them; the 
richest lawyers have widened their 
lead over the poorest, for example. 
Among the causes cited by economists 
are globalization, which forces un- 
skilled U.S. workers to compete with 
unskilled workers in poorer countries; 
technological change, which rewards 
higher education and may allow those 
with special skills to market them 
across a wider area, and declining rates 
of unionization. But no one can claim 
to fully understand the phenomenon. 

Not everyone sees widening inequal- 
ity as a problem, either. To some extent, 
it reflects the dynamism of the U.S. 
economy. Income inequality is wider in 
the United States than in any other 
industrialized nation, but the U.S. econ- 
omy also has been growing faster than 
most. There may be some connection. 
All these statistics can be sliced and 
diced in different ways, some of which 
somewhat moderate the inequality, and 
it's also true that America remains a 
mobile society, where many people 
who were in the bottom fifth 10 years 
ago are no longer there today. Bui no 
matter bow you draw and quarter the 
numbers,' the overall picture of a widen- 
ing gap doesn't change; and it seems to 
us mat most Americans aren’t likely to 
be comfortable with an economy mat 
leaves one sector further and further 
behind. It's not a recipe for future steady 
growth, nor for a healthy society. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST 


Nigeria’s Desperate Regime 


The Nigerian government's Rambo- 
like assault on a farewell party for the 
American ambassador last month, 
when heavily armed police burst into 
the room threatening to shoot the 
speakers, was just the latest in a string 
of bizarre acts by an increasingly des- 
perate regime. The televised speech by 
Nigeria’s dictator, Sani Abacha, on the 
country's independence day on 
Wednesday offered further evidence of 
his personal and political weakness. 
General Abacha' s problems provide 
Washington with the opportunity to 
have an unusual impact with a modest 
sanctions bill now in Congress. 

In statements that reveal their own 
cynicism and corruption, Nigerian of- 
ficials assert that criticism of the na- 
tion's human rights abuses by Walter 
Carrington, the Amer ican ambassado r, 
is actually a ploy tp get Nigeria to bribe 
him into silence. Earlier this year, of- 
ficials said they wanted to question Mr. 
Carrington and other embassy staff 
members about several bombings. The 
government has already charged more 
than a dozen prominent dissidents, in- 
cluding the Nobel Prize-winning nov- 
elist Wole Soyinka, with treason for 
supposed complicity in the bombings. 

These are acts of a government in 
trouble. So is General Abacha’s state- 
ment Wednesday that “we have en- 
hanced in no small measure our in- 
ternational image" through new 
friendships with such countries as 
Libya ana North Korea. 


General Abacha is floundering. 
Some in the military are talking about a 
coup. He is losing support in his tra- 
ditional base, the nonh, which has 
suffered more rhan other regions from 
gasoline shortages. There is no better 
proof of bis regime's corruption and 
mismanagement than die fact that Ni- 
geria, one of the world’s largest oil 
producers, cannot keep its cars running 
because it has failed to maintain its 
refineries. General Abacha is also re- 
ported to be ill with cirrhosis of the 
liver and possibly cancer. 

Many Nigerians were hoping he 
would announce changes in Wednes- 
day’s speech, at the very least a release 
of political prisoners. He did not, and 
did not say whether he would be a 
candidate in the elections next year. He 
has set .up a sham process, with five 
invented political parties, all clamor- 
ing for him to be their candidate. 

Washington should take advantage 
of General Abacha’s fragile state. 
Rather than waiting for other countries 
to join in sanctions. Congress should act 
now. It could pass a Mil sponsored by 
Representative Donald Payne, which 
garnered 95 co-sponsors in the last ses- 
sion, Mat would bar new U.S. invest- 
ment. The ban would also be useful in 
the event of General Abacha 1 s death. 
The United States could promise to 
resame investment if a new government 
released political prisoners, permitted 
dissent and held real elections. 

— THE NEW TORK TIMES. 


Assault Weapons 


The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and 
Firearms should not have granted per- 
mission to a munitions manufacturer 
owned by the Israeli government to sell 
two types of semiautomatic weapons, 
the Uzj American and the Galil Spotter, 
in the United States. The prospective 
sales appear to violate the law and in 
any case are dangerous to public safety. 
With police and policymakers strug- 
gling to keep assault weapons off the 
streets, it would be senseless to allow 
more to come in from abroad. 

The 1968 Gun Control Act, which 
should be the governing statute here, 
allows only the import of guns that are 
suitable for. or readily adaptable to, 
sporting purposes. Although the ATF 
did not think to invoke the act in this 
case, it has in the past interpreted 
“sporting purposes" to mean tradition- 
al sports such as hunting, target shooting 
and skeet shooting. The two Israeli 
weapons, created by Israel Military In- 
dustries Lid., are modified versions of 
weapons designed for and used by the 
Israeli military. They are clearly not 
intended for hunting or target shooting. 

The plain language of me 1968 act 


would prohibit these imports, yet the 
ATF appears to be relying instead on 
standards in the 1994 assault weapons 
ban to approve them. The 1994 law 
banned the domestic manufacture, sale 
and possession of 19 kinds of assault 
weapons and barred the manufacture 
and sale of other semiautomatics with 
certain military characteristics such as 
bayonet mounts, grenade launchers and 
flash suppressors. Since the two Israeli 
guns, as modified from the military 
versions, do not have a requisite number 
of the banned characteristics, they were 
approved by the ATF. Indeed the two 
guns could be legally manufactured in 
America, which is testimony to how lax 
the standards are under the 1994 law. 

Even so, there is no indication that 
Congress intended to override the 
tougher import test under die 1968 law 
when it passed the 1994 act. Thirty 
senators have urged President Bill 
Clinton to use his executive authority to 
suspend the import permits. He should 
do so before the Israeli manufacturer 
begins shipping thousands of guns to 
America in the next few months. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


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P ARIS — At long last, international 
concern is stirring at the atrocities 
committed day after day in Algeria. 
Just this week, 1 1 schoolteachers had 
their throats slit in front of their hor- 
rified pupils and a baby was beheaded, 
along with many other barbaric 
murders. 

Mary Robinson, outgoing president 
of Ireland and now UN High Com- 
missioner for Human Rights, had a run- 


Bv Flora Lewis 


action to protect life in Algeria." 

It is Mr. Annan’s right, indeed his 
duty, to present the situation for formal 
consideration by the Security Council. 


to do anything except quietly deplore, seculion and murder of Jews under the 
They will only begin to react when Vichy regime. Where are the Muslim 
public opinion’ becomes noisily insis- prelates now m the lace w all these 
tent, as it was about ending the war in massacres m the name ot Allah. 
Bosnia. There is a mixture of reasons An Egyptian woman who works at a 


tent, as it was about ending the war in 
Bosnia. There is a mixture of reasons 
for this reticence. One, in the words of 
Prime Minister Lionel Jospin of 


It is as hard to understand the Algerian France, is that * 'we don’t really know 
government's position that what is go- how to explain what's happening . . . it 
Lug on is nobody's business but irs own is not like Pinochet ’s Chile where 


as it is to understand the extravagant 


in with the Algerian foreign mini ster in . cruelty and ferocity of the killers. If the 


New York. 

She told him that “human rights 
cannot be contained within frontiers." 
He issued a statement saying her 
protest was “inadmissible” and vi- 
olated his country's “sovereign right" 
to refuse “foreign interference in its 
internal affairs.'’ 

Carol Bellamy, director of Unicef, 
called for a high-level UN official to 
investigate the killing of Algerian chil- 
dren. The Medecins do Monde (Doc- 
tors of the World) organization took 
out full-page ads in leading interna- 
tional newspapers addressed to UN 
Secretary-General Kofi Annan. They 
said, “In the name of the mandate the 
peoples of die world have entrusted to 
you, we call on you to take immediate 


government is unable to protect its 
people, it should welcome outside help 
as it would after an earthquake or other 
natural disaster. 

If it is unwilling to protect them, as 
seems to be the case when the horrors 
go on and on in the neighborhood of 
military posts without any attempt at 
intervention, the international commu- 
nity must put pressure. 

Nobody is suggesting the dispatch of 
armed force. But there are many polit- 
ical and economic measures, partic- 
ularly involving international credits, 
which could be taken to show the Al- 
gerian government that it must take 
seriously these demands that the ab- 
ominations be stopped. 

Bat other governments are reluctant 


democrats were fighting a dictatorial 
power. There is a fanatic and violent 
opposition fighting a power which it- 
self in a certain way uses violence and 
the force of the state. So we are obliged 
to be rather prudent." 

Mr. Jospin was candid enough to 
give another reason as well, the threat 
of a terror campaign on French soil, 
such as took place two years ago. “The 
French population also has to be pro- 
tected. It is a heavy thing to say. but you 
will understand why it is my respon- 
sibility to say it.” 

At least he promised to relax a bit the 
tough French visa policy denying 
asylum to Algerians whose lives have 
been threatened. Just now, over half a 
century later, French Catholic bishops 
have issued a formal confession of guilt 
for silence and indifference to the per- 


UN agency said she wished the of- 
ficials at Cairo's A! Azhar University, 
as close as the Sunni world hits to an 
overall religious authority, would issue 
a fatwa proclaiming these murders a sin 
against Islam. Muslims who rightly 
decry a distorted view of their fiuth as 
inherently bloody and bellicose should 
echo her. Silence carries a responsi- 
bility. Arab regimes hesitate to criticize 
one another, but they all have a stake in 
this and they must recognize it. 

But as' the Medecins du Monde ad 
said: “Although everyone has the right 
to life, liberty and security, no rare 
today can ensure this right to the pop- 
ulation of .Algeria. We all have a re- 
sponsibility in seeing that this right is 
respected." 

That’s what the United Nations is 
supposed to be about- Governments 
that compose it have to be reminded by 
their people, their philosophers, their 
eminent personalities, their religious 
officials that they must respond. 

v Flora Ithm 


Separate Fact From Hype in the Brewing Iran Missile Crisis 


W ASHINGTON— What is 
coming to be known as 
the Iran missile crisis is in many 
ways the quintessential post- 
Cold War foreign policy prob- 
lem. But before we go to war 
with Iran to solve it, let's sort 
out fact from hype. 

Here is what U.S. intelligence 
says: Since the early 1990s, Iran 
(like Syria, Iraq, Egypt and Is- 
rael) bias developed the capa- 
bility to build ana launch short- 
range ( 1 85 to 375 miles, or 300 
to 600 kilometers) liquid-fuel 
Scud-class missiles. At the 
same time Iran has been trying 
to develoD its own version of the 
North Korean “No Dong" 
Scud missile, which has a longer 
range (800 to 925 miles) but is 
highly inaccurate. In 1993 
North Korea provided Iran blue- 
prints, and possibly even a 
single copy, of the No Dong 
missile, but then North Korean 
aid to Iran tailed off. 

Since then the Iranians have 
been trying to obtain the guid- 
ance systems, stainless steel 
sheets and bigger engines to 


By Thomas L. Friedman 


build their own, more accurate 
No Dong. In this search, I ranian 
agents turned to cash-hungry 
Russian universities and 
aerospace companies. The Ira- 
nians acquired enough technol- 
ogy to build and test on the 
ground their own No Dong- 
style engine. 

There is a consensus within 
U.S. intelligence that within a 
year Iran should be able to 
flight- test a No Dong with a 
conventional warhead, but ana- 
lysts are split over how long it 
would take for Iran to actually 
deploy a farce of them with any 
accuracy. Some say two years, 
some say three. Much will de- 
pend on what help comes from 
Russian companies. In a meet- 
ing with U.S. officials on Sept. 
18. the Russians confirmed 
some of tbe U.S. allegations 
against their companies and 
vowed to shut off the sales; oth- 
er allegations they disputed. 
The United States is now 
watching to see if the supplies 


will really be cut off and is 
studying the disputed cases. 

So much for the facts. Now 
for the hard pan. What to do? 
It's absolutely Legitimate for Is- 
rael to wony about Iran’s ac- 
quiring missiles that can hit Tel 
Aviv. But the fact is, Israel has 
been living for years next to 
Syrian Scud missiles, with 
chemical warheads. 

Israel has effectively dealt 
with Syria through deterrence: 
Blow me up, I blow you up. 
Israel may have to deal with 
Iran the same way. 

Some U.S. officials believe 
the Israeli government is high- 
lighting Iran now not only to 
derail its missile program be- 
fore it is too late, but to divert 
U.S. attention and energy from 
the Palestinian-Israeli impasse, 
where the United States and Is- 
rael disagree. There may be no 
real link between die Iran crisis 
and the Palestinian issue. But 
the fact is, neither Israel nor the 
United States will be able to 


enlist any Arab allies in the 
Middle East to deal with Iron 
without giving them the polit- 
ical cover of progress on the 
Palestinian-Israeli front. 

That’s the reality of Middle 
East politics, ithe United 
States can produce that progress 
either by knocking Israeli and 
Palestinian heads together or by 
just walking away and letting 
the pain of armed conflict do it. 
Incrementalism won't work.) 

The United States also can't 
resolve this particular Iran crisis 
at reasonable costs without aid 
from Russia. A military strike 
against Iranian missile factories 
outside Tehran would be very 
difficult for Israel and fraught 
with huge risks for the United 
States and its Gulf allies. “We 
really need the Russians' help 
on this one," says a key U.S. 
official. 

Isn't that ironic. America's 
hairy-chested NATO expanders 
just told us that because we 
Americans won the Cold War 
we didn’t have to heed Russia's 
concerns. Think about the 


His Polls Are Heading South, But Kohl Has Prevailed Before 


B ONN — The German chan- 
cellor may be running be- 
hind all possible rivals in opinion 
polls. The quarreling parties may 
have just, for the umpteenth and 
last time; scotched that urgently 
needed tax reform. Germany, as 
President Roman Herzog and 
German Industry Association 
chief Hans-0 laf Henkel and any 
number of commentators warn, 
may be in crisis as globalization 
hits a creaky consensus system 
that can't adjust fast enough. 

But the wily Kohl has been 
there before. In office for 15 
years, be has already outlasted 
founding father Konrad Ade- 
nauer. If re-elected just a year 
from now, he would by 2001 
surpass even Bismarck. 

Characteristically, in a eu- 
logy the other day to the doy- 
enne of German pollsters, 
Elisabeth Noe lie -Neumann — 


By Elizabeth Pond 


on the 50th anniversary of her 
polling agency — Chancellor 
Kohl basically lauded those 
leaders who ignore public opin- 
ion and do what’s besL Never 
mind educating voters that the 
true conservative is the one dar- 
ing enough to change and there- 
fore preserve. Don't try to 
coddle the opposition with lazy 
compromises. Bash them in- 
stead, and get out die faithful on 
election day. 

Think back to February 
1994. Mr. Kohl was 20 points 
behind his Social Democratic 
challenger in the polls. Demor- 
alization in his own Christian 
Democratic Union was acute. 
Chancellery staff were sniffing 
around for other jobs. The far 
right semi-nasties had won 9 
percent in Baden- Wiirttemberg. 


The black hole of Eastern Ger- 
many was sucking up $100 bil- 
lion per year; the Bundesbank 
had jacked up interest rates to 
brake inflation, and the econ- 
omy was in a trough of absolute 
decline. The chic talk was about 
popular Poliiikverdrossenheii. 
literally, “sullenness about 
politics." 

Then came the Christian 
Democratic party convention in 
Hamburg. Mr. Kohl delivered a 
give-’em-hell-Hariy speech. 
Recharged, toe foot soldiers 
fanned out to the provinces. The 
issue of asylum-seekers and ali- 
ens that had fueled the far right 
and topped popular concerns as 
Germany took in half of all 
European immigrants lost its 
salience after the Bundestag cut 
the numbers of newcomers. Un- 


Revamp to Reflect the New World 


N EW YORK — In the past 
few years, members of 
toe United Nations have 
grappled with an ambitious re- 
form agenda that has included 
key institutions such as toe 
Security Council and the of- 
fice of toe secretary-general. 
Bur toe agenda is not exhaus- 
tive and some significant pos- 
sibilities for reform are yet to 
be explored. Foremost among 
them is toe possibility of a 
revamp of die UN regional 
group system. 

Tbe existing system is in- 
tended ro ensure that toe vari- 
ous geographic regions of the 
world are fairly represented 
throughout toe UN. it is built 
on a division of the member- 
ship among five broadly geo- 
graphic groups: Africa, Asia, 
Latin America and toe Carib- 
bean, Eastern Europe, and toe 
Western European and Others 
group. By an inelegant com- 
bination of official and in- 
formal practice, these groups 
are allocated a certain number 
of seats in various UN bodies, 
thus ensuring — in theory at 
least — a healthy, happy and 
geographically heterogeneous 
organization. 

In practice, however, the 
continued effectiveness and 
fairness of the group system is 
questionable. Its structure re- 
flects the Cold War landscape 
in which it was conceiv&r 
East-West tensions, a divided 
Europe and a smaller number 
of African and Asian states 
with limited influence over 
global affairs. Given the pro- 


By Alexander Downer 

The writer is Australia’s 
foreign minister. 

found changes that have oc- 
curred since then, it is not sur- 
prising that anomalies exist in 
toe system. There is now areal 
need for a structure to rep- 
resent the future rather than a 
quickly fading past order. 

One example of this change 
is toe increasing integration of 
Europe, and toe rapid erosion 
of the political imperatives 
that led to its partition for UN 
electoral purposes. With con- 
tinued NATO and EU expan- 
sion set to embrace a growing 
number of Eastern European 
countries, toe electoral distinc- 
tion between Western and 
Eastern Europe may no longer 
be sustainable. Another ex- 
ample is the anomalous po- 
sition of Australia and New 
Zealand. Far historical rea- 
sons, they find themselves in 
(he rather dubious “others" 
category, in a grouping in- 
creasingly subsumed by tbe 
EU, and divorced from their 
natural geographic constituen- 
cies in East Asia and tbe South 
Pacific. 

The disp antics in the sizes of 
the existing groups are also in- 
creasingly untenable, ranging 
from 21 members in tbe East- 
ern European group to 53 in the 
African group. Such discrep- 
ancies have obvious implica- 
tions for members of the larger 
groups, which face intense 
competition for limited oppor- 


tunities to participate more di- 
rectly in the work of the UN. 

Moreover, the sheer di- 
versity of the larger groups 
lessens tbe extent to which 
members can be said to rep- 
resent each other as well as 
themselves. It also contributes 
to toe underrepresentation of 
many significant subregions. 
This diversity is particularly 
evident in toe Asian group, 
whose membership extends 
from East Asia and toe Pacific 
through Central Asia to toe 
Middle East and the Gulf. Tbe 
South Pacific is one subregion 
that often seems underrepres- 
ented in toe UN. Members of 
other subregions, such as the 
Middle East and the Caribbean, 
have voiced similar concerns. 

While the possibility of re- 
configuring tbe groups is 
starting to attract some atten- 
tion, it would be premature to 
propound specific proposals. 
Despite its many flaws, the 
structure is deeply entrenched 
and change will challenge the 
whole UN membership. 

The slow pace of progress 
in the current debate over re- 
form of toe Security Council 
is a warning that devising a 
model that is both genuine and. 
salable will involve complex 
and protracted discussion. 
Nonetheless, a shake-up of the 
existing system is essential to 
the continued credibility and 
effectiveness of the UN. As 
such, it forms an essential 
component of the broader re- 
form agenda. 

International Herald Tribune 


employment replaced foreign-' 
ers at the top of the worry list. 

• Then the economy picked up. 
Both angst about jobs and a 
contrary hope that things were 
getting belter played to Mr. 
Kohl’s advantage, as voters re- 
membered that they trusted the 
Christian Democrats more than 
toe Social Democrats in eco- 
nomic policy. Yet again, the un- 
derdog Kohl won in October. 

But isn’t it different this 
time? Doesn’t 11 percent un- 
employment recall the terrible 
1920s? Won't taxpayers blame 
toe government just as much as 
the opposition for what the tax- 
payers’ association calls the 
“national scandal" of collapse 
of their jpromised tax relief? 
Won’t Mr. Kohl’s junior co- 
alition partner, the Liberals, fi- 
nally succumb to the decade- 
old threat, drop under the 5 
percent minimum needed to 
enter toe Bundestag next year 
and leave a “grand coalition” 
(of left and right) or a “red- 
green” ■ coalition (of Social 
Democrats and Greens) as the 
only options? 

And, more fundamentally ■ — 
Kohl or no Kohl — won't it be 
too late by then to make up for 
tbe structural and institutional 
lags incurred as a sluggish Ger- 
many fell behind Asia and 
America in competitiveness in 
the 1980s? Aren’t Germany's 
timid entrepreneurs, immobile 
labor and onerous social wel- 
fare too great a burden? 

And won’t European mon- 
etary union hit the fan in the 
next few months? Won’t toe 


failure of the European Union 
to revise its institutions block 
EU enlargement'? 

Yes, if you believe all those 
CEOs who think that Mr. Kohl 
is worn out and doesn’t under- 
stand the new world and that it's 
time for fresh blood. Yes, if you 
think that Mr. Kohl has simply 
been lucky enough to be res- 
cued each time he hashit a nadir 
by -some deus ex machina like 
German unification in 1990 — 
seven years ago Friday — or 
that rising economy of 1994. 

No, if you look at toe 
propensity of the Social Demo- 
crats to shoot each other in the 
foot in toe run-up to elections. 
No. if you notice the quiet atk 
justments Germany has finally 
begun to make behind the scrim 
of stagnation. Industrywide 
labor agreements are already, 
de facto, a thing of the past That 
burdensome social welfare 
keeps a resentful underclass 
from developing. And even that 
bastion of trade union ortho- 
doxy, IG Metall , just accepted a 
pilot program of part-time work 
lbr preretirees. 

“This is a country which 1 is 
remaking itself,” asserts^ John 
Komblum, toe new U.S. am- 
bassador to Germany and mare 
of a believer in Germany than., 
many Germans are. like Amer- 
ica, be says, Germany is a coun- 
try inuner im We nden — always 
in the process of becoming, - " ; 

The writer, author of “Beyond 
the Wall: Germany's Rood to. 
Unification " contributed this 
comment to the Herald Tribune* 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 

1897: Spanish Mission spread Bolshevist propaganda. 
L Isadora is a native or California, 

and was married to aCtomnwnist 


MADRID — Senor Sagas ta. the 
new Premier, made no secret 
that his mission would be a ver- 
itable campaign against admin- 
istrative abuses in Spain, in- 
Cuba and in the Philippines, as 
well as a complete modmeatioo. 
of colonial policy. Cuban home 
rule, according to him, would be 
compatible with the mainten- 
ance of Spanish sovereignty 
and with the programme of the 
Cuban autonomists. 

1922; Duncan Detained 

NEW YORK — Uncertainty ex- 
ists as to the reasons for the 
detention of Isadora Duncan, 
ordered by Governmentofficials 
when the dancer and Iter Russian 
husband arrival, ft was sup- 
posed to be due to the fact that 
Isadora has married an alien. It 
was later announced that the ini- 
tiative was taken in the belief 
that Isadora or her husband will 


the Cable Bill, under which ad 
American woman citizen does, 
not lose her citizenship by mar- 
rying an alien, was signed a 
week ago by President Harding. 

1947: Archduke Fined 

NEW YORK — Archduke 
Franz Josef of Austria was ptt 
in jail for three minutes and 
finally saved by a reporter who 
advanced him the $55 fine. Tbe 
archduke was fined in Queens 
traffic court for driving with 
bright lights. The magistrate 
told him in court: “I am tired of 
you so-called celebrities ignor- 
ing our court order s.Two war- 
rants were issued to bring you 
here. You must be .taught, to 
respect the laws of oarcountty 
and appreciate hospitality. 


: «fli* ’ 
•V* . 


, . i .1 




mixed message the Clintonites 
are now sending Moscow: In the 
Middle East you have to behave 
as a strategic partner, but in 
Europe you have to accept that 
you're stiU the main enemy. 

.As Michael Mandelhautn, a 
foreign policy expen at Johns 
Hopkins, points out: “Russia 
still matters. Russia is a big 
country’, it still has a lot of lever- 
age on issues that we care about, 
and it can thwart our designs not 
by military threats or the use of 
force, as in the Cold War, but 
simply by not joining the vol- 
unteer fire department — by 
answering the phone and say- 
ing. ‘Sony. I'd love to help, but 
I just don 't have the time.’ " 

In the post-Cold War wodd 
the combustible cocktail of 
weapons proliferation, reli- 
gious extremism, rogue states 
and free markets is becoming 
the biggest threat to U.S. in- 
terests. We can't cope with this 
threat by ourselves -or in iso- 
lation from other policy goals. 
Neither can our aifies. 

The New Yvrt Tams. 






■■ 

•\£.vr 










z/.no 

’.Vorid Nows Et/fope 


n oo 

News Highlights/ 

'.'Vorlcl Business To do 


international 


piaKuig hure Cuban Crisis 
Is? the Last of Its Kind 

By Stephen S. Rosenield 

Wfr?^ GT0N — Gratitude the impact of the crisis on demo- 
has tn hp rnTfeE 306 WH us crane practice. This convulsive 
KennerfvT ™ sl ,5 eacw *i 10 “The event put into a few hands in die 
IiSiSt!LL a 5 es, « P q L- White House.a constitutionally un- 
Kftnn^H f 68 “ clt J >res ^ CTt F. authorized power to make ultimate 


WMSMSmEE 


With Lives at Stake, 
Moralizing Is Cruel 

By Richard Cohen 


nussile crisis of October 1962. 

rccordin gSi made pre- 
*mnabfy to give Kennedy md- 

maod of the .historical record, bring 
to life the angle episode when 3? 
world teetered on the brink of nu- 
clear war. To remove the missiles 
the Kremlin had sneaked into Fidel 
Castro's Cuba produced the Cold 
War s defining collision of short- 
*** with longer-term 
credibility, prestige and, for 
Kennedy, political survival. To 
read now an unbroken 700-page 
oareative of a sequence heretofore 
well known — but only in bits and 
pieces — makes one wonder the 
more that we survived. 

A pity then that die Harvard 
editors of this remarkable and un- 
precedented exercise in historical 
documentation, Ernest May ?nd 
Philip Zelikow, do not examine it 
in its full dimensions. They make 
of the proceedings a paean to the 
modem-day political science cat- 
egory of crisis management. Their 
focus is not on the larger strategic 
dilemma that framed the instant 
challenge, but on the immediate 
decision-making techniques 
practiced along the way. 

In the process, the reconstruc- 
tion of the missile crisis becomes 
what the editors ' identify as a 
progression from history to drama 
to screenplay. It becomes a 
stage on which to nominate 
Kennedy for greatness. ' 

Missing from this version is 
a full evaluation of the mixed 
political, strategic and psycholo- 
gical results of the missile crisis, 
ft brought the nuclear nonprolif- 
eration treaty and the closure of the 
Berlin crisis. At die same time, it 
brought a farther mutual expan- 
sion of . nuclear arms building, plus 
the early ouster of the ‘'hare- 
brained" Nikita Khrushchev by 
a Kremlin consensus beat on 
competing harder and smarter 
against the United States. 

Although hailed as a Cold War 
victory for the United States, die 
crisis permanently cost Americans 
the sense of invulnerability behind 
two oceans that had been the mark 
of American innocetice until then. 

Missing too is any evaluation of 




decisions affecting not only the 
United Stares and the Soviet Union 
but also the rest of an unconsulted 
world. Later U.S. disputes over 
a president's war powers fade 

into insi gnifi cance against the 

war-and-ruin powers Kennedy 
found it unavoidable to take onto 
himself in the missile crisis. 

The new book's editors find 
Kennedy calm, lucid, making no 
serious raisjudgmems, avoiding 
impulsiveness, sorting skillfully 
through varied interlocutors, fol- 
lowing a more peaceful course than 
anyone else could have done, play- 
ing out some of his finest horns. 

The editors do in fact make a 
convincing case for Kennedy's 
coolness under unimaginable 
pressure. But they do not ask bow 
die system put a president in the 
situation where to defend against 
a genuine strategic threat, he had 
to put at risk the very existence 
ana survival of the United States 
and the rest of the world. 

ft seems to me less important to 
celebrate the high persona! qual- 
ities of one leader in a crisis dial 
passed than to grasp the deadly 
1 systemic qualities of a defense sys- 
tem rfia< remains nnchnngwf in its 
essence do this day. With the Cold 
War behind, America and Russia 
still rely on a model of nuclear 
deterrence that entails the target- 
ing, the keeping on alert and the 
preparing for Armageddon of 
about 10.000 nuclear warheads. 

Ask yourself what kind of de- 
fense you would prefer. One in 
which you must rely as now on die 
sense and nerves of the political 
leader of the day, or one in which 
the system itself — the missiles, 
tiie links, the strategies — might 
spare the country and the world 
the worst consequences of human 
fragility and error? 

* The Kennedy Tapes” with its 
emphasis on the human element 
in crisis management is exactly 
the right book to kick off a ‘ 
vigorous new round of discussion 
in the Clinton administration 
on how to make sure there never 
will be another Cuban missile 
crisis or anything like it. 

The Washington Post. 


W ASHINGTON — My first 
indication that access to 
condoms did not lead to 
increased sexual activity 
occurred when I was a teenager 
and my friend Irv settled a poker 
debt by giving me a condom. 

I placed it in my wallet and 
there it stayed, unused for so long 

MEANWHILE 

that, like the trees of the Petrified 
Forest, it turned to stone. Had I 
not lost that wallet, it would 
today be a tourist attraction. 

Now comes somewhat more 
■scientific evidence that access to 
condoms — a part of AIDS edu- 
cation programs in a few public 
schools — does not increase the 
rate of sexual activity. It does, 
however, increase the rate of 
condom use by teenagers who 
are already sexually active, 
which is, after all. the whole 
point. The study was done in 
New York and Chicago. 

In due course, I expect another 
study to rebut foe one just pub- 
lished, because that, it seems, is 
the way these things go. In the 
meantime, though, attention 
must be paid to what was pub- 
lished Tuesday in the American 
Journal of Public Health. 

The study compared ninth 
graders in New York who 
bad access to condoms in school 
to ninth graders in Chicago who 
did not The Chicago kids were 
just as sexually active — about 
60 percent in each case — but 


the New York kids were more 
likely to use a condom. 

The difference is not dramatic 
— 60.8 percent of the New York- 
ers versus 55.5 percent of foe 
Chicagoans used condoms — but 
that does not mean that it is in- 
significant About 40,000 new 
HTV infections annually occur 
among teenagera, not to mention 
about 3 million infections of 
Other sexually transmitted 
diseases. It is not too much to 
suspect that the condom access 
program, available in an infin- 
itesimal number of schools, has 
already saved some lives. 

The arguments against such 
a program — and they are 
vociferously made — are two: 
It will only increase sexual ac- 
tivity among teenagers, and it 
puts an official imprimatur on 
what, after all, is proscribed ac- 
tivity. As far the first argument, 
foe recent study seems to dis- 
prove iL As for foe second, it is 
essentially a moral argument . 

But even moral beliefs ought 
to make some sense. It stands to 
reason drat condoms will reduce 
AIDS cases and other sexually 
transmitted diseases. Similarly, it 
stands to reason that needle- 
exchange programs also will 
decrease the spread of AIDS. Fi- 
nally. it makes sense 'to allow 
cancer patients and other sick 
people to use marijuana for 
medicinal purposes even though 
the drug itself is illegal. 

Jn all these cases, a zealous 
moralism overwhelms clear 


GO AHEAD, 

TILL ME FREE ■ 

condoms 

ARE A BAD 
IDEA- 
\ 


LoaXageiaaltoos Syndicate 


Study shows that free contraceptives are not related to promiscuity : 


thinking . Just this week, Joseph 
Calif ano Jr., the president of the 
National Center on Addiction and 
Substance Abuse at Columbia 
University, wrote, an op-ed essay 
in The Washington Post pleading 
with foe residents of the District 
of Columbia to reject a proposal 
to make the medicinal use 
of marijuana legal 
Mr. Calif ano is one of the 
smartest men I know, but in not 
one paragraph of his essay does 
he explain why allowing cancer 
patients a medicinal toke is such 
an awful idea. The essay is yet 
another attempt to show that pot 
is a gateway drug — the inch 
that leads to the mile of heroin, 
cocaine and other addictions. 


Well, maybe. But what has 
that to do with an attempt to 
ameliorate the effects of chemo- 
therapy or relieve the pressure of 
glaucoma? Nothing. I would sub- 
mit — except that the drug in 
question is illegal. It apparently 
induces such fervor in some 
people that they lose the capacity 
to distinguish between a teenager 
in a school bathroom and a can- 
cer patient in a hospital room. 

We Americans are a moral lot 
— always have been, probably 
always will be. We are forever 
telling the rest of foe worid what is 
right and wrong — China, for 
instance, on human rights, France 
about whether it should trade with 
ban. China scoffs, the French 


ooze scorn, but more often than 
not, we are right and they are 
wrong, although being right is not 
the same as being practical. Part of 
our charm, 1 think, is our naivete. 

But one cannot be a virgin over 
and over again. Once it is 
established that condom distri- 
bution does not lead to the 
Sodom and Gomorrization of our 
public schools, then it is a bit 
cruel to oppose the program — 
and too bad about foe kids 
who get AIDS. It is the same 
with needle exchanges and (he 
medicinal use of marijuana. 

Sometimes, moral is not the 
same as right — not when people 
suffer or die as a result. 

The Washington Post. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Appraising Burma 

Regarding “ Burmese Foes of 
Junta Given Permit to Hold Party 
Congress" (Sept. 27): 

The Burmese military regime’s 
statement allowing the opposition 
leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's 
National League for Democracy 
to hold a congress — together 
with General Khin Nyunt's at- 
tempt to bring about a dialogue 
with party leaders — may have 
led some to the premature 
conclusion that foe government 
has become more tractable. 


We need to remember that this 
is one of foe few times the National 
League has been able to hold a 
conference, in its nine years of 
existence, that has not been for- 
cibly broken up by the State Law 
and Order Restoration Council. 

Moreover, the SLORC's at- 
tempts to hold a dialogue with the 
National League's chairman, U 
Aung Shwe, is seen by many ob- 
servers as a plot to weaken and 
divide the opposition. It is foe 
party's position that its general 
secretary. Daw Aung San Suu 
Kyi, should always be included 


in any negotiatioo for democracy. 

There is a possibility that the 
government is beginning to en- 
gage in a gradual review of its 
policies, in the face of a foiling 
economy and pressure from the 
international community. But it is 
more likely that the regime is 
merely departing from its usual 
tactics so as to improve its ima g e 
in foe international arena. 

MAUNG MAUNG AYE. 

Ban Mae Sot, Thailand. 

The writer is a National League 
for Democracy member. 


On Market Rules 

If countries such as Malaysia 
want foe benefits of international 
capital markets, they also have to 
accept one simple^ but immutable 
face They have to play by the 
markets' rules. To lode for a 
“Western conspiracy” attempting 
to “destabilize" Asian values is 
pointless and counterproductive . 
Britain, France, Spain, Italy, 
Sweden and Mexico have allhad to 
Jeam foe same lesson as Malaysia. 

ANANTSUNDARAM. 

Glendale. Arizona. 


Not Unconstitutional 

William Pfaff ("When Science 
Is Wrong and Theory Is Deadly." 
Opinion, Aug: 30) wrote that in 
foe 1946s, tiie United States “wa£ 
unconstitutionally interning its 
Japanese citizens* in concentration 
comps." In fact, in Korematsu v. 
the United States, foe Supreme 
Court upheld in 1944 the con- 
stitutionality of foe internment of 
U.S. citizens of Japanese descent, 
in the name of national security.' 

MICHAEL ALCAMO. 

Helsinki. ' 


.(■ •irfrUru. <;(!• 


on Cabl? and Satellite 


I 



•- i 


PAGES 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


NATO Agrees on Plans 
For Troops in Bosnia 

Partial Pullout Won’t Bar Extended Stay 


is*; 


u£S 






By William Drozdiak 

Washington Post Service 


MAASTRICHT, Netherlands — 
NATO defense ministers agree that die 
alliance most sustain its military pres- 
ence in Bosnia well beyond the peace- 
keeping mission's scheduled conclusion 
neat June. 

U.S. Defense Secretary William Co- 
hen, at aclosed ‘ ‘brainstorming session” 
here Wednesday, warned his colleagues 
in die North Atlantic Treaty Organi- 
j g-irinn that it woold be difficult to per- 

• suade Congress to approve a new mis- 
. sion that involves American soldiers. He 

• also emphasized the need to stick to 

• deadlines to prevent a “dependency cul- 
ture” in which civilian agencies and the 
Bos nia n s themselves become too at- 

' tached to the presence of NATO troops. 

But Mr. Cohen agreed with other al- 
lied ministers who stressed that the al- 
liance must sustain its militar y involve- 
ment in Bosnia because a sudden pullout 
would leave a security void that could 
lead to a slide toward violence and 
chaos, a senior NATO official said. 

The White House is facing strong re- 
sistance to an extended military presence 
■ in Bosnia from Congress, which opposes 
deployment of U.S. troops beyond the 
deadline. But the allies say they will not 
keep their troops in Bosnia without U.S. 
leadership that includes ground forces. 

“We went in together, and we will 
come out together,” the German defense 
minister, Volker Ruebe, said. “We 
learned our lessons daring the Bosnian 
war that the only way to maintain NATO 
unity is by sharing risks on the ground.” 


In response to this stand — and to die 
logic behind it — the dm ton admin- 
istration has been preparing the American 
public for a possible extension of the U.S. 
military presence, while carefully avoid- 
ing any commitment. Samuel Berger, 
President Bill Clinton’s national security 
adviser, said Sept 23 that an extended 
U.S. military role was a possibility, but 
that no decision had been made. Mr. 
Cohen’s reported discussions Wednesday 
seemed to walk the same narro w line. 

The ministers here agreed that the first 
withdrawals of U.S. and other allied 
soldiers from the 36,000-strong NATO- 
led Stabilization Force should start early 
next year to reassure Congress that the 
current mission will conclude on sched- 
ule by June. But they also emphasized 
that NATO must play a long-term peace- 
keeping role in Bosnia because its own 
credibility is now closely intertwined 
with deterring future Balkan wars. 

That consensus represented an effort 
to cope with conflicting pressures to 
make an early exit from Bosnia without 
triggering a new outbreak of war. 












TP? 






'Ur- 


mr. 




& 


Sw- 




Rririk-J \entrr Ffaao-IVw 

William Cohen listening to the Turkish defense minister, Ismet Sczgin, at the NATO conference Thursday. 


to accompUshas man y politicaLmd mil- NATO: Growth Snagged by U.S. Demand That Europe Bear Costs 

itary objectives as possible in Bosnia ** 


within the next three months so that 
NATO troops can trim back their force 
levels without seriously endangering 
chances for peace and undercutting the 
possibility of extending the force. 

NATO officials said three battalions 
— American, French and Spanish — of 
up to 5,000 soldiers would almost cer- 
tainly be palled out of Bosnia early next 
year to show good faith in sticking to die 
Stabilization Force timetable. 


BLAIR: Adopting a Presidential Style 


Continued from Page 1 

Roosevelt. And throughout his rapid rise 
to power, the parallels with President 
Bill Clinton have become common- 
place; two younger men who brought 
their parties back to power by embracing 
centrist policies and new rhetoric. 

Mr. Blair is not the first Br itish prime 
minister to act presidentially. Harold 
Wilson, whose first Labour government 
was elected in die mid-1960s, openly 
attempted to imitate President 
Kennedy's use of language and inform- 
ality. Margaret Thatcher, the dominant 
Conservative prime minister of the 
1980s, combined force of personality 
and a strong ideological edge to project 
herself above her own cabinet Even 
John Major, who succeeded Mrs. 


has become the personal embodiment of 
what he calls “New Labour," bis de- 
scription of a political party that has shed 
the nn attractive features of its past and 
recast itself very much in his image. And 
yet, he almost floats above his party, 
some say even disdains iL Facing an 
unfriendly resolution urging renation- 
alization of the railroads, Mr. Blair went 
on radio and warned that, tf the vote went 
against him, “it ain't going tn happen.” 
He did not lose. 

He similarly floats around his own 
government, in the way a president does. 
He sets the tone, focuses on big-picture 
issues and w alks away from squabbles 
among his cabinet ministers. When Di- 
ana, Princess of Wales, was killed, it was 
Mr. Blair, not Queen Elizabeth H, as 
head of state, who defined die country's 


Continued from Page I 

orbitant defense costs that could damage 
their fragile economies. 

The discord surfaced ahead of key 
Senate hearings next week that could tip 
the balance in a vote next year on wheth- 
er to ratify expansion. Most NATO gov- 
ernments say they expect no problems in 
securing a final stamp of approval. But 
the United States requires endorsement 
by two-thirds of the Senate, which is not 
yet assured because some legislators 
harbor doubts about long-term expan- 
sion costs, the dilution of the allian ce 
and potential security risks of commit- 
ting U.S. troops and nuclear weapons to 
the defense of Eastern Europe. 

Daring the meeting Thursday, De- 
fense Secretary William Cohen insisted 
that the cost factor would play an im- 
portant role in convincing Congress that 
European allies are witting to assume 
greater responsibility for their conti- 
nent's defense. He also stressed that new 


leagues, who gathered in this southern 
Dutch city for a two days of brainstorm- 
ing on security issues, that any short- 
changing cm military investments by ex- 
isting members or new partners would 
lead to “a hollow alliance” and ulti- 
mately erode confidence in future rounds 
of enlargement to include Romania, Slov- 
enia and perhaps other eastern states. 

But the U.S. view did not appear to 
carry much weight with the Europeans. 
Defense ministers from Germany, Bri- 
tain, France and the Netherlands took 
exception to U.S. demands for higher 
European military spending and insisted 
that the burden-sharing debate should be 
viewed in a wider context. 

Germany warned that investing in ul- 
tra-modern, American-made weaponry 
would sap defense budgets and detract 
from Europe’s ability to pay for well- 
trained sqldiers. The Netherlands said 
U.S. calls to spend money fulfilling ob- 
solete farce goals when no enemy looms 


enlargement. And Britain complained 
that die United States was overlooking 
Europe’s greater contributions in civil- 
ian and development aid that also serve 
the Atlantic partnership's aims of pro- 
moting security and stability. 

Several pointed to the fact that Euro- 
pean government spend five times more 
than the United States in economic and 
militar y assistance to Russia, Ukraine and 
Bosnia. They noted, with some testiness, 
that such investments could do more to 
secure peace in Europe in the post-Gold 
War era than buying the latest models of 
American-made fighter jets and tanks. 

Washington has been accused by 
some European governments of pushing 
the enlargement agenda to benefit such 
defense industry giants as Boeing. Ray- 
theon and Lockheed-Martin Marietta. 

But Mr. Cohen sought to dampen such 
criticism by saying the United States did 
not see enlargement as “an arms soles 
bonanza” for its defense industry but 
only wanted to ensure NATO’s future 
military credibility. 

Defense ministers from Poland, Hun- 
gary and the Czech Republic also sought 


on the horizon could undermine public 
members must prove they were willing to support for the alliance if voters grew 
pay their fair share to join the alliance. angry with a perceived waste of money. 

“There can be no free lunch,” he France did not budge from President 
said. Jacques Chirac's repeated vow not to to dispel any fears that public support to 

Mr. Cohen warned his NATO col- spend one extra cent on behalf of NATO join NATO might be flagging. 


BRIEFLY 


Thatcher before losing, his post -to Mr*... grief and gave. voice.to the loss many hr 
Blair, employed personal - touches > to- .Britain were feeling. 


already an area of high homan -elephant conflict. Without 

11 become very difficult to 


connect with voters. 

But what Mr. Blair has done is es- 
pecially notable given die way past La- 
bour leaders have operated, according to 
Michael Foley, author of “The Rise of 
the British Presidency." 

“In British politics, the ethos is on the 
collective and the corporate, with party 
control based on solid party allegiance," 
Mr. Foley said. In past Labour gov- 
ernments, other cabinet members had 
significant powers, making the prune 
minister merely “first among equals.” 
Mr. Blair, be said, has centralized 
powers that go well beyond a party lead- 
er’s previous grasp. 

The breadth of Mr. Blair's embrace of 
the presidential style is significant He 


DEALS: 

Here’s One for the ’90s admire. 

** Mr. Blair may want devolution for 


His performance that week, both as a 
public politician and a behind-the- 
scenes adviser to. Buckingham Palace, 
helped propel his approval ratings into 
the stratosphere. 

Labour Party polls put his approval 
rating at 93 percent two weeks ago, 
although the rail results of the survey 
have not been released. 

But a new MORI poll published in 
Thursday’s editions of The Tunes of 
London confirmed how successful he 
has been. It found that 75 percent of 
those questioned approved of Mr. 
Blair's performance, a record for a Brit- 
ish prime minister, while 57 percent 
approved of his government 

Mr. Blair appears open and modem in 
his public guise, and his political agenda 
includes shifting power away from the 
central government, but as prime min- 
ister, he has centralized power in a way 
any White House would recognize and 


the forest it will be very bad. It will 
contain the elephant population. 


(. AP ) 


Russia Says Its Agents Curbed 
Iran- Bound Missile Technology 

MOSCOW — Russia's domestic intelligence service It’ll Stay * Mother ’ Teresa for Now 

said Thursday that it had thwarted attempts to give Iran the ^ J 

RIO DE JANEIRO — Pope John Paul H ruled out 
Thursday any special intervention to speed up possible 
sainthood for Mother Teresa. 

Speaking aboard die papal plane as he flew to Brazil, John 
Paul was asked whether he planned to change the Roman 
Catholic Church's rules for canonization. Five years must 
pass after death before die process can begin. 

**I think it is necessary to follow the normal way,” John 
Paul said. After Mother Teresa died last month, there was 
widespread speculation over whether the process would be 
speeded up. (AP) 

Mars Spacecraft Losing Battery 


Continued from Page 1 

WorldCom slock declined only SI 
Wednesday, a small drop that suggests 
investors are optimistic that the com- 
pany's earnings projections are realistic. 
On Thursday, WorldCom shares rose 
sharply on optimism dial the deal would 
go through. In late trading, the company’s, 
shares were quoted at $37.75, up $3 .375. 


Scotland and Wales, but he has drawn 
power tightly into No. 10 Downing Sl 
T here his small circle of advisers en- 
forces relentless discipline on the gov- 
ernment’s message, leaving cabinet 
ministers less freedom than in the past to 
do and say as they please. 


wherewithal to make nuclear missiles, but an Israeli official 
said the highly coveted technology was still getting 
through. 

Israeli intelligence sources have been quoted as saying 
Russia and China are helping Iran to design its own ballistic 
nuclear missiles. Washington and Israel have expressed 
their concern about die reports, which the Kremlin has 
dismissed. 

The Itar-Tass press agency quoted a senior Federal 
Security Service official as saying his organization “had 
detected separate cases of cooperation with Iran as a result 
of which Russian deliveries could have conflicted with 
international treaties on missile technology transfers.” 

“But they were all revealed and prevented,” he ad- 
ded. ( Reuters ) 

PASADENA, California — Nearly three months after 
F--™ r* ___ landing on Mars, the Pathfinder spacecraft’s battery may be 

Kenya r ires Mjnuanger KlepnaatS running down, causing a communications blackout, U.S. 

A space officials said. 

They said a brief two-way communication was re-es- 
tablished Tuesday using the lander's auxiliary transmitter 
after three days without signals. 

The problems began Saturday and could be related to 
‘ ‘degradation of the spacecraft’s battery,” said a statement- 
from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 

The last successful data transmission cycle had been on' 
Friday night, the 83d day of the mission that landed on the 
red planet on July 4. (Reuters) 


NAIROBI — Fires set by squatters clearing land for 
crops continued to rage east of Mount Kenya on Thursday, 
destroying more than BOO hectares of forests and 'driving 
elephants toward villages. 

More than 300 elephants believed to be in the thick forest 
may flee die flames into surrounding villages, said Patrick 
Omondi, an elephant expert with the Kenya Wildlife Ser- 
vice. 

“Human life will be lost,” Mr. Omondi said. “This is 


ares were quoted at $37.75, up $3,375. CD A TTV* n 1 9 C m I* *, rp o * 

While itdoes not have a triple-A credit OlilJIi • MXOyalS »J?17 JipllClty EhOmS iJllppOTt 
rating, WorldCom is financially sound, ■' x ** 11 


CLIMATE: Clinton Woos TV Forecasters 


according to Wall Street analysts. Earn- 
ings before interest costs, taxes, depre- 
ciation and amortization are healthy and 
growing. The company reported assets of 
nearly $20 billion and long-term debt of 
nearly $5 billion as of the end of 1996. 

WorldCom, of course, has a rival for 
MCI's affections. British Telecommu- 
nications PLC has made a cash and stock 
offer for MCI. Wail Street analysts value 
the BT bid at about $32 a share — $7.75 
in cash and the rest in stock. If BT wants 
to match WorldCom’ s bid, it will have to 
come up with more cash or more stock. 

Many Wall Street analysts predict, 
however, that WorldCom will prevail. 

BT is not helped in the bidding by its 
stock, which trades at a far lower mul- 
tiple to earnings because investors see 
the company as a slow -growth utility. 

Investors with stakes in MCI say they 
are inclined to sell to WorldCom, not 
BT. Many lost hundreds of millions of 
dollars thus year when BT lowered its bid 
for MCI after the U.S. company reported 
lower-than-expected earnings. 

Noting that MCI shares rose when the 
WorldCom bid was announced Wednes- 
day, one New York arbitrageur, or high- 
stakes stock speculator, said, “There 
would be many happy sellers looking to 
sell their MCI shares to WorldCom.” 
MCI was at $36.75 late Thursday, up 
$1.4375. 

A source close to the Soros Orga- 
nization, which took a $ 100 million loss 
when BT lowered its bid for MCI, said, 
“The people who own the big stakes in 
MCI now are not investors. They are 
arbs” — short for arbitragers — “who 
have lost hundreds of millions of dollars. 
If ever there was a good time for World- 
Com to find willing sellers, it is now.” 


Continued from Page 1 

years ago to become the first member of 
the Spanish royal family to have a salar- 
ied job. She also broke new ground in 
1989 when she became the first royal to 
earn a university degree, in political sci- 
ence in Madrid. 

Her work in the exhibitions depart- 
ment of a cultural foundation has enabled 
Spaniards to rub elbows with a royal who 
strolls about in sprats clothes, lives in an 
unremarkable apartment and even shops 
like anyone else — except for the secret 
service agents trailing behind. 

Both Cristina’s lifestyle and marriage 
fit the rest of her family ' s casual approach 
to monarchy in a country that has twice 
deposed kings in favor of a republic. 

In fact, the public disliked Juan Carlos 
when he became the handpicked suc- 
cessor to General Francisco Franco, who 
died in 1975. 

Juan Carlos is widely credited with 
quashing an attempted militar y coup in 
1981 by appearing on television in uni- 
form and ordering the putschists to sur- 
render. He also is praised for backing 
reforms that in their day were contro- 
versial, including the legalization of the 
Communist Party. 


Cristina herself is an avid sailor and 
was a member of Spain’s national yacht- 
ing team in the 1988 Olympics. 

While Queen Elizabeth II and Prince 
Charles of Britain are trying to rebound 
after being tarred as cold and aloof fol- 
lowing Diana's death, opinion polls 
show the Spanish monarchy as the most 
respected of Spain's institutions, Mr. 
Estevez said. 

“There is no comparison with British 
royal family, which has had so many 
scandals,' ’ be said. 


Continued from Page 1 

forecasters was the most innovative step 
in a White House campaign to rally 
public support for new binding global 
targets for restricting greenhouse gases. 

A coalition of industry and labor 
groups is spending some $13 million on 
advertising opposing such targets, which 
will be considered and may be adopted at 
an international conference in December 
in Kyoto, Japan. 

“I don’t ask for you to advocate or do 
anything outside of whatever your own 
convictions are/ ’ Mr. Clinton said as the 
afternoon skies cleared and the East 


Juan Carlos: A Frugal Monarch 

Juan Carlos has also contributed to the 

royal family's popularity by portraying Room brightened. “But I do think it's 
the Bourbons of Spain as a simple and very important, since you have more 

influence than anybody does on how the 


modem royal family, Agence France- 
Presse reprated. 

Lavish displays are rare — the royal 
family's budget is one of the smallest 
among European monarchies. 

In 1997, the royal family will have 
cost Spanish taxpayers 990 million pe- 
setas ($6.6 million), half the £7 .9 million 
($12.8 million) the British Parliament 
allocates to Queen Elizabeth, her hus- 
band and her mother alone. 

The Spanish royal family’s budget is 
equivalent to that of the Dutch royal 


American people think about this, that at 
least you know what you believe and 
how you think we should proceed.” 

As the 5 o’clock broadcasts rolled 
around, dozens of meteorologists milled 
about on the north lawn of the White 
House, straightening their hair, consult- 
ing notes, muttering lines. 

While others waited their turns, about 
six stood bathed in white lights before 
cameras, speaking to the folks back home 
or standing, faces blank and microphones 


distance themselves from the White 
.House’s arguments. Global wanning is 
“a theory that is widely accepted, but 
it's still under debate in the scientific 
community , ’ ’ Cecily Tynan told viewers 
of WPVI in Philadelphia. “Judging by 
the PR event that was orchestrated here, 
it's certainly become a very hot topic in 
the Clinton administration.” 

Other forecasters confessed to view- 
ers that they were thrilled to be there. 

“To be honest with you. I’m just like 
a little kid," said Bob Kovachick of 
WNYT in Albany, New York, adding 
that he had shaken the president’s hand. 

Bryan Noccross of WBRY in Miami 
told his viewers about the detailed 
presentations from Mr. Clinton and Mr. 
Gore. “Everyone in the room came away 
impressed that they know what they're 
talking about, that this Isn't just a polit- 
ical event, even though the vice president 
is going to run for president,” he said. 

Pronouncing the day a success, Mi- 
chael McCurry, the White House press 
secretary, said .that the meteorologists 
had “appreciated being treated as 
something other than airheads.” 

Gail MacDonald, president of the 
Global Climate Coalition, which is made 
up of business and trade groups opposed 


U.S. Is Set , 
To Target 
Satellite in 
Laser Test 


(hr ttyvt to 

MAASTRICHT, Netherlands — An 
aging U.S. Air Force space satellite will 
be used as a target in a test of a ground- 
based laser, the Pentagon said Thursday. 

Defease Secretary William Cohen ap- 
proved the test in an effort to 4 "reduce the 
vulnerability of U.S. satellite systems.” 
said a Pentagon spokesman, Kenneth 
Bacon. “The purpose of die experiment 
is to collect data that wilt help improve 
computer models used for planning pm- d 
tection measures for U.S. satellites, * ’ 

The announcement was made at the 
end of a meeting of NATO defease 
ministers here that Mr. Cohen attended. 

Critics of the test have said it could 
push the United States further toward 
approving space- warfare technology. But 
supporters argue that the United States, 
increasingly dependent upon satellite 
communications, must take steps to pro- 
tect satellite systems from laser attacks. 

Mr. Bacon said the experiment would 
be conducted within a tew days and 
emphasized that it '‘is not designed to 
knock a satellite out of the sky. 

The experiment will use die army's 
Mid-Infrared Advance Chemical Ij sct 
at White Sands Missile Range in New 
Mexico. The satellite will be illuminated 
twice, for one second and that 10 
seconds. 

“The experiment is fully consistent 
with U.S. policy and U.S. and inter- 
national law.” Mr. Bacon said “It will 
not destroy the craft or result in any 
orbital debris or pose any risk to other 
satellites.” 

The test would be a major step toward 
perfecting a weapon that could demolish 
satellites and other spacecraft, an ability 
that the Pentagon regards as crucial in 
time of war. 

But advocates of arms control say the 
U.S. test is likely to set off a race for new 
space weapons that will ultimately en- 
danger the nation’s own satellites. 

The maker of the satellite, which is 
owned by the air force, says that die craft 
still has years of useful life and that its 
destruction would be a foolish waste. 

The military wants an anti-satellite 
weapon mainly to stop enemies with 
orbital cameras from spying on U.S. 
weapons and troops during combat. 

In the test, the laser is to strike the 
satellite, an experimental craft designed 
to improve ways to track missiles, to see 
what it takes to destroy it The air force 
has said it no longer needs the satellite 


• , , . • { / 1 * * 

i 1 


and had been planning to switch it off, 
: maker's ora 


despite the i 


i protests.. (AP, NYT) 


"Spaniards have come to trust the family ($6.8 million) and less than those at the ready, as they listened for their cues to binding targets for reducing emis- 
king, not because they are monarchists, of monarchic in smaller countries such in the distant chatter among the anchors, sions . said she did not object tn w>> it* 

As they talked about the chill in Buf- 


but because they think he did what he 
should during the transition to democ- 
racy." said Carmen Estevez, who has 
covered the royal family for state tele- 
vision for two decades. 


as Sweden ($9.6 million) or Denmark 
($8.5 million). 

Popularity polls are flattering to the 
Bourbon family. 

The latest, in September 1996, 


»ut the chm in Buf- House’s tactics. "We think that any kind 
falo. New York, or the pleasant weather of any increased public discourse is 


In recent years, Spaniards have come showed that 83.6 percent of the pop- 
to identify with the family, which has ulation judged King Juan Carlos' actions 
been seen skiing in the Pyrfnfies, sailing to be “good” or “veiy good” while 
in the Mediterranean or dining at an only 3 percent said they were “bad 
outdoor restaurant “very bad." 


or 


in Washington, the forecasters also de- 
scribed the concerns of the president 
about climate change. 

“He wants all of us to think about 
what is happening to our climate,” said 
Chuck Gaidica Jr. of WDFV in Detroit 
Several took note of the surreal scene 
on the lawn, and some were careful to 


good,” she said. 

Beyond their skepticism, some of the 
forecasters took advantage of their ap- 
pearance to attach a few barbs to their 
chipper chatter. "We got here real early 
this morning,” Mr. Doocy dead panned 
on Fox. “It was just me, the crew and the 
special prosecutors. 1 " 


FOOD: 

Clinton Calls for Ban 

Continued from Page 1 

tied in recent years, federal health 
trials said. 

Imports of produce have risen stead- 
ily, last year accounting for 12 parent of 
the vegetables and 38 percent of the fruit 
consumed by Americans. Federal reg- 
ulation of such produce has fallen off. 

Some affected parties accused Mr. 
Clinton of practicing a form of cam- 
ouflaged protectionism on behalf of U.S. 
food producers. 

“It is very clear to us that behind all 
this are economic interests that want to 
prevent Mexican vegetables from en- 
tering die U.S.,” a Mexican farm of- 
ficial, Luis Cardenas, said in an inter- 
view with The Associated Press. 

A spokesman for the United Fresh 
Fruit and Vegetable Association, John 
Aguirre, was also critical, “dearly, be- 
ing the world food police complicates 
the trade environment we operate in,” 
he said. . . 

But officials in Chile, one of the 
biggest fruit and vegetable exporters to 
the United States, said they were un- 
concerned by Mr. Clinton’s remarks. 
Inspectors of the Animal and Plant 
Health Inspection Service, a branch of 
the U.S. Agriculture Department, 
already have an office in Chile. 

‘ "Chile has less fear than Guatemala 
or some other countries," said Odette 
Magnet, a spokesman at the Chilean 
Embassy in Washington. “It does meet 
the sanitary standards." 

Chile, which hopes to join the North 
American Free Trade Agreement, join- 
ing the United States, Canada and Mex- 
ico, sent $525 million in fresh fruits and 
vegetables to the United States in 1995, 
more than one-fifth its total exports of 
those foodstuffs. 

A spokesman for the European Com- 
mission had no' immediate . comment, 
though Agriculture Department inspec- 
tion practices have caused friction in the 
past, and a new crackdown might revive 
tensions. Washington is already in- 
volved in a dispute with Europe over the 
“extratemtoriality" of U.S. laws that, 
seek to limit trade with such countries as 

Iran and Cuba. 

Some critics said that Mr. Clinton 
might be seeking to appease fears in the 
farm lobby and that the push for freer 
trade could Ruse Americans' exposure to 
the risks of. tainted foods. 

Mr. Clinton also said that he would 
order his secretaries of Health and Hu- 
man Services and Agriculture to draw up 

guidelines on growing, processing, ship- 
ping and selling fruit and vegetables. 

An administration official said the 
new corps of international inspectors 
would cost up to $24 million. 

Budget cuts have caused the agency s 
inspections of domestic food SUpphKto 
drop from 21,000 in 1981 to just 5, OOP 
last year. Foreign food imports have 
doubled to 2.2 million shipnvstfs a 
since 1992. 



* 


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PAGE 9 



couting Greek Isles 

fc, TT 

ror a Dream Home 

TheDelights ofTihos and Syr os 


)|B AYBE it was when we 
were sitting in Ulis's Tav- 
■VI relishing a spicy Io- 
""" sansage called louza 
mkI looking down a long, steepish hill to 
™5 port and the sea, that we came to 
what felt very much like a decision. Or 
maybe uhttusatDelphm’s, which is on 
m ? J^tty on the other side of the 
tT island and, serves rranarkably delicate 
stuffed aubergines. 

On what must have been oar 20th 
vtsjt to Greece, my wife, AnneRedmon, 
ana I knew where we wanted to buy a 
house for our holidays and, one distant 
day, our retirement No, not on Patmos, 
Chios or any of the famously wonderful 
islands, but on the far lesser-known 
Syros. The reason wasn’t die Syriote 
food, though that was a lot better than 
the Greek.' average. It was the island’s 
peculiar blend of 19th-century eleg- 
ance, medieval mystery and prehistoric 
wildness, combined with its prime po- 
sition in the Aegean and its total failure 
to pander to foreign tourism. 

Actually, our choice could well have 


ict Nightingale 


into their lintels and fanlights. Tinos has 
long been famous for its sculptors and 
marble-carvers, and some still Inns and 
woto to and around what the guidebooks 
call the “outdoor museum" of Pyrgos. 

Tinos is the island of Boreas, the 
north wind, and of Poseidon. Drive to 
the wild, bare northwest of the island, 
and watch a red sun fall over toe dark- 
ening silhouette of Andros, just across 
toe narrow, violet-colored straits ahead, 
and you’ll believe it. 

You'll be in even less doubt if you go 
southeast, and toe narrow, stone-hooted 
terraces on which the farmers grow their 
vegetables give way to toe sheer slopes of 
Tsirmias, Tinos's highest mountain. 
Those aren’t just spiky black crags above 
you. They’re toe stones Hercules placed 
on the tombs of Calais and Zetes, 
Boreas’s sons, after he lolled diem in 
reprisal for creating a sea breeze strong 
enough to prevent Jason’s argonauts from 
resetting turn from Mysia. That primeval 
atrocity explains why an aggrieved north 
wind blows across linos to this day, 
keeping it cod even in high summer. 


to pander to foreign tourism. potint euuc Yet the same wind is 

Actually, our choice could well have said to invigorate sickly visitors. Even 
been Tinos, which we visited just af- the peculiarly pungent local garlic was 
terward and in toe same bullish dream- said by toe dramatist Aristophanes to be 
house mood. This is another island that good for .eyesight. Poseidon was wor- 
does not enjoy toe international repute it shiped here, not just because he pro- 
merits and whose appeal is in part that tected sailors, tat because be sent storks 


very obscurity. With Mykonos, Tinos toe 
and Syros form a triangle roughly and 
around Delos, a great religious aim as* 
political center 4500 years ago; and I’d t 
rather live in either of them than in sbri 
Mykonos, packed as it is with nudist of 1 
beaches, suck Western bars and fun- to 1 
loving visitors. wh< 

Mykonos is assiduously avoided by alcn 
most Greeks; on toe other hand, Syros bad 
was once Greece’s most important port seh 
and when the nation achieved indepen- i«l« 
dence in 1830, was a prime candidate to Dm 
be its capitaL And Tinos can claim to be Gre 
the modem Deios, for it surpasses even Syr 
Patmos as a place of pilgrimage for and 
religious Greeks. Together, Tinos and you 
Syros are the heart and soul of the Vei 
Cyclades — and they’re only a mom- dec 
tog’s journey -from Athens. kno 

Some Greeks, mostly women, be- that 
have in a disconcertingly archaic way ball 
when they debark at Tinos’s eponymous ’) 

port and capital. They fall to the ground ors 
and begin to crawl toe quarter mile np to clas 
toe Church of- toe An- 
nunciation of toe Vir- 
gin Mary. We watched 
them one day, pads on 
their hands ana knees. 

Up and up they went, 
past a booth selling 
seven-foot-high 
candles, up steps and 
more steps, across pat- 
terned pebbles, until, 
exhausted and sweat- 
ing, they entered the 
church, stumbled to 
their feet and kissed an 
icon so thickly encrus- 
ted in jewels that 
Mary's fbee consists 
only of a tiny wedge of 
blackened paint And 
above them hong 
scores of silver lamps A church on Syros. 
from which dangle im- 
ages of a foot a hand, a head, even a prin 
fish, boat or truck. These were toe ates 
t hankf ul offerings of pilgrims who had fam 
made successful trips to the Madonna in cart] 
search of cures for themselves or others ant 
or for prosperity. 

The Madonna is Greece’s most ft- M 
mous “miraculous’’ icon, discovered in W 
1 823 after a mm called Pelagia, now an ■■ 
Orthodox saint dreamed that it was bur- sacr 
ied at the site of what had been a temple 1821 


said by toe dramatist Aristophanes to be 
good for. eyesight. Poseidon was wor- 
shiped here, not just because he pro- 
tected sailors, tat because be sent storks 
to ear toe vipers that once infested Tinos 
and because local legend regarded him 
as * ‘the great doctor. ’ 

At one of the most important of his 
shrines, at Krona, on the coast northwest 
of Tinos Town, are remnants of temples 
to Poseidon and his wife, Amphitrite, 
who was believed to cure infertility, 
along with stone seats and bits of toe 
baths in which pilgrims purified them- 
selves before going to tie still holier 
island of Delos. If Tinos is, in Lawrence 
DunelTs words, * ‘the Lourdes of modem 
Greece.’ ’ what’s toe best comparison for 
Syros. some 10 miles southwest? Its port 
and capital, Hennonpolis, is likely to put 
you in mind of Paris, Genoa, maybe even 
Venice. The travel writer Robert Liddell 
declares in “Aegean Greece" that be 
knows no city square “except Sl Mark’s 
that more gives toe effect of a huge 
ballroom, open by accident to toe sky." 

You can stroll along its shiny paving, 
or sit at a cafe looking at a massive neo- 
classical town hall on one side, a fine 
marble bandstand on 
the other. There are el- 
egant balconies, 
graceful fanlights, 
wrought-iron filigree 
and wooden shutters 
on the silvery-gold 
houses and mansions 
in toe narrow streets. 

Homer would have 
been delighted by this 
curious flowering, for 
one of his most at- 
tractive characters 
came from Syros and 
spoke rapturously of 
iL Eumaeus, the 
swineherd who gave 
sanctuary to the re- 

taming Odysseus and 

m. cartxsan/Exptorcr helped him defeat 
>ros. Penelope’s • suitors, 

wa s actually a Syriote 
princeling abducted by Phoenician pir- 
ates from an island where, he says, 
famine and plague are unknown but 
cattle, sheep, grapes and grain abund- 
ant 

B UT Syros did not have real im- 
portance until thousa n ds of 
refugees from the Turkish mas- 
sacres in Chios settled there in toe 
1820s. They brought merchant skills 


church and is now the Annunciation. 
The date coincided with toe stare of toe 
struggle against Turkish rule and the 
1 iwm itself became and remains a symbol 
of nationhood, “the protectress of 
Greece" as well as a source of healing. 

A few miles from Tinos Town is the 
nunnery where Pelagia had her vision, 
and her simple room, with a tiny- 
wooden bed and a chesi stud to contain 
(though I can’t personally confirm this) 
her head. Nunnery, do I say? Kecfaro- 
vouni Convent is more like a village, 
with five icon-filled churches and 
streets of white-painted cells. 

750 Chumchis and Chahu 

But then Tinos teems with religious 
architecture, both Orthodox and, since 
the inland spent centuries in Venetian 
bond* Roman Catholic. There are 750 
* -• — ■ — ** — — 1 which 




to transform Hermoupoiis into a 
wealthy city and a great port In the mid- 
19th century, 5,000 vessels were reg- 
istered there, and toe town could boast 
of having Greece’s finest theater, a 
small replica of La Seals. But wife fee 
opening of the Corinth Canal in 1893, 
Piraeus became toe nation’s premier 
port, leaving Hermoupolis to decline 
into what we found, a beguiling mixture 
of the genteel and toe decaying, through 
whose big open windows came fee 
sound, unusual in the Levant, of people 
storing Handel and Mozart 

The island is both smaller and more 
populous than Tinos, yet yon need drive 
only a few kilometers out of Hennou- 
polis to feel infinitely distant from it 
The sooth of toe island, where the rich 
built their villas, has a serene charm. 

But maybe the most striking place on 
Syros is Ano Syros, toe village on toe 
higher of fee two pyramid-shaped hills 


witotoeAnmmdatioii, distantly from Tinos, and as we ap- 
j^cbed by boaut began to a 

M toweathat might have beat carved colossal sugariraf. Thai s the de- 
tan kiM-sagar-. others, like the 17tb- scnpbonofflennanMelwDe, who made 
SSmTjSuit church in Lotto. in the several marts to Syros m 1856 and once 
island’s mostly Catholic center, radiate a damtared u pthe 870 cobbled steps to 

P Beyond the churches, the amedons seet^ clm^gromd ra top astfte- 

sasssass 

have been cut triangles, stars, suns, for 

* 0 mboids.andpaae^r|»me^rf 

i mm mmm 

solved which 

SStomake™ ' 

MASSES: SliaS »** rtoj far&Mnr 


Benedict Nightingale, 
drama critic of The Tim, 
wrote this far The New Yo> 


'ghtingaie, the chief 
The Times af London, 
he New York limes. 





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ffcUwwjEipfctinfltftfcV.lUviCTriBqilPiw 

The ravages of war in Croatia fiave been repaired and tourists are returning: left, a street scene in Split: Place Milicevia in Dubrovnik. 

On Dalmatia Coast, a Time of Peace 


By Perri Klass 

S PLIT, Croatia — Everyone in Split comes out 
to walk at dusk, and fee broad esplanade 
along the Adriatic fills up wife groups of 
teenagers, courting couples, young families 
equipped with tricycles, and well-dressed grandpar- 
ents. This is fee korso, the local version of the Italian 
passeggiata, the ritualized stroll by evening past toe 
palm trees and through the warm seaside night along 
the harbor, or into the old town,.through fee gates of 
Diocletian’s Palace and on into toe medieval town 
squares, where ice cream is sold, where outdoor caffe 
are tucked to among the medieval buildings. 

Split feels like toe seaside resort town that it is and 
has been probably since the third century AD., when 
toe Roman emperor Diocletian built the massive 
palace to which be retired- The town of Split grew up 
both inside and around this enormous palace com- 
plex. 

Before Yugoslavia fell apart, the Dalmatian coast 
was toe center of a thriving tourist industry. During 
the recent war, some of the cities on the coast — most 
famously Dubrovnik, but also Zadar — suffered 
heavy shelling. Hie Croatian military is still a visible 
presence, ana Bosnian refugees are still writing in 
some Dalmatian towns for their next destinations, but 
much of toe war damage has been repaired, and fee 
country is eager, to the point, perhaps, of economic 
desperation, for fee return of fee tourists. We were 
making a slightly eccentric two-week trip in May, 
because Larry, my traveling companion, is a historian 
interested in fee Venetian imperial adventure in Dal- 
matia — between 1409 and 1797, when Napoleon 
abolished the Venetian Republic, Venice ruled this 
strip of land directly across fee Adriatic. 

What you do in Split is walk around fee old town, 
enjoying tiny and peculiarly angled streets, and stop- 

£ ing as often as possible to sit at an outdoor table and 
ave a drink. We started at Diocletian's Palace, an 
enormous third-century structure built on the four- 
quadrant plan of a Roman fort Entering at a gate 
across from the harbor, you wander through the 
largely empty echoing vestibule and the basement 
chambers. Then you come out into toe sun in toe 
palace courtyard, toe peristyle, grandly lined wife . 
columns, leading to fee emperor’s mausoleum. The 
varying historical tides of religion and commerce 
have made their inexorable changes to the emperor’s 
grand design; he may have deified himself during his 
lifetime, but his mausoleum has been aimed into a 


Slav martyred in fee fourth ceatury. probably by order looks breath takingly beautiful as it waits for toe 


of the emperor Diocletian himself. 

The massive ninth-century circular church of St 


tourists to return. 

Unlike Split and the islands. Dubrovnik was not ' 


Donat is built on toe remnants of toe Roman forum, part of the Venetian empire to Dalmatia. On the • 
where toe groutid is scattered with fragments of contrary , this free city-state, known as Ragusa. was a 
classical buildings and columns. In fret, pieces of rival Adriatic power, trading east and west, and 
Roman buildings were incorporated into the church, balancing among the larger, stronger states (toe 1 


and can clearly be seen embedded to the walls. It is a Venetians, the Turks) by means of naval power, i 
large heavy building, famous for its solidity and financial acumen and diplomacy, until Napoleon; j 
endurance; overthecentiiries,ithas$eeaserviceasan conquered toe city. Ragusa was a republic ruled by~a' 
arsenal, a shop and a museum. Now it is empty, and Grand Council -of nobkr faHslj es; W by a reenny- 
you can climb a spiral staircase-up to a high balcraiy-vchosen from amtmgfeeGrand Gewralmembers. Th^' 
and look down on toe strange half-light filling' to? 1 chosenwoe went toliwto the^tecror’s-Palace; he was^ 
white cylinder shape. ' ' 1 ' ,n ’ 7U fdrbidd<^i to take along any family -members, fiRT* 

We left Split by ferry. The two-hour voyage took ' dwelt there in solitary splendor for his one-month 
us out of the dramatic harbor of Split, still dominated term. The palace is now a museum, and toe exhibits ; 
by Diocletian’s Palace, and across toe glittering blue include paintings of the Ragman nobility in their lace. ' 
Adriatic to toe island ofHvar, where we arrived in yet and brocade finery. 


another spectacular harbor, golden houses sloping 
down a hill to the sea, wife a backdrop of pine woods 
and occasional cypress trees. 


Honey and Lavender 

Hvar is a renowned resort, famous for its idyllic ‘ Bmltbetween'toe 13th and fee 16th centuries, the 
climate, its honey, and its wild lavender, which is sold walls -are intact, and the one-mile circuit takes you out 
at tables along toe harbor, made into sachets or into above fee sea, looking down fee sheer drop at crash- 
mi that, its vendors claim, will insure sound sleep and tog waves, and then to around fee harbor, where you 


BtotitefiratferQgtodoinDuhiovnikistowalkfee ' 
ramparts; if you come to at fee Pile gate, passing 
under the carving of fee city's patron saint, St Blaise 
(Sveti Vlaho. who warned fee Council of a Venetian 
attack), you come almost immediately to steps lead- 


ing up to fee walk along fee walls. 

■ Bmlrbetween'fee 13to and fee l 


long life. Under the Venetians, the island prospered, can see fee old breakwater built to protect the ships, 
and the town is frill of Venetian-style palaces, lining and then under the looming roountam, where you can 
streets feat lead down to a glorious piazza appreciate how vulnerable this extraordinary city was 
ed by the cathedral, fee clock tower and loggia, to attack from inland, and imagine toe red tiled roofs 
ie 16th-century Arsenal. We climbed fee hill under bombardment. 

I the town to toe fort at fee summit. The sun was The churches and monasteries, streets and houses 

and the air smelled of pine and ocean. of Dubrovnik are made from a light-colored stone 


and toe 16th-century Arsenal. We climbed toe hill 
behind the town to fee fort at the summit. The sun was 
setting, and the air smelled of pine and ocean. 


We ate at fee Macondo, .one of several outdoor quarried on Korcula, and the red roofs, white build- 
restaurants wedged into the steep and narrow streets; togs-, and dark blue sea together in the. son offer a 
after some taxonomic discussion wife the waiter prospect of stone and light and water as balanced and 
about fee different kinds of Adriatic crustaceans, we as graceful as the intricately carved Venetian loggias 
had excellent spaghetti wife locally caught lobster on fee main square. 

and white wine and garlic. The food tasted pro- Later we strolled the great broad Placa, the main 
foundly Venetian — or maybe a little better. street that traverses the city. At the far end, in front of 

We spent the next morning visiting the Franciscan fee Baroque church of S v. Vlaho, stands fee Orlando 
church and monastery at one end of fee harbor. Id the column, a monument to freedom decorated with a ■ 
refectory is a painting of the Last Supper attributed to gentle- faced statue of the legendary knight Orlando ' 
a Florentine painter, Matteo Rosselli, who sup- to armor. 


drink and gaze at toe black granite Egyptian sphinx 
fin: which it is named; the sphinx was already 1,500 
years old when Diocletian put it -there. 

In order to shoehorn a cathedral into toe emperor’s 
octagonal mausoleum, various devotional objects in 
toe styles of various centuries are jumbled together to 
very close quarters. The carved wooden doors of toe 
sanctuary, 13th-century pieces done by a local artist, 
show 28 scenes from toe life of Jesus. The lower 
scenes are very worn, and toe upper scenes hard to 
see, but fee doors are a wonderful example of me- 
dieval biblical storytelling in wood 

bAYTMM From Split there are several possible day 
trips to towns of historic importance. Trogir, about 12 
miles np the coast, is easily reached by bus. Situated 
on a very small island, just off the mainland, the 
medieval town was once a small autonomous city- 
state; later conquerors came and went, and it was 
ruled successively by fee Venetians, fee French, fee 
Austrians, and tire Italians. Its cathedral, built in the 
13th century, boasts another notable entrance, this 
one carved to stone and featuring scenes freon rural 
life and a remarkable bestiary of carved animals. 

It is a longer and more ambitious trip to go from 
Split to Zadar, but since Zadar was the principal city 
and administrative center of Venetian Dalmatia, it 
was on oar agenda. We set out very early fra; a four- 
hour ride; fee multiple bus lines, all operating oat of 
the main bus station in Split, seem to reflect the heady 
free-market days of post-communist competition. Za- 
dar was badly damaged by shelling in 1§91, and the 
town’s historic sites arc still being repaired. The many 
interesting churches include a closed-up Serbian Or- 
thodox church, St Elijah, externally undamaged but 
abandoned, a towering remind er of fee cultural corn- 
plenty that used to be Yugoslavia. The imposing 
Romanesque cathedral is dedicated to St Anastasia, a- 


posedly was on bis way to Dubrovnik when he fell ill Beyond it is fee Piece Gate, wife a clock tower 

and was taken to by fee monks. There was a great deal where green bronze knights strike the hour. And in 
of artistic travel back and forth between Italy and front, of the church are more outdoor cafes, more 
Dalmatia. In the afternoon, we waited ar the ferry places to sit and watch the evening korso. 
dock until another Jadrolinlja boat took us to thie One sightseeing day in Dubrovnik we visited the 
island of Korcula, about three hours away. We cathedral, and found a treasury' that seemed to be ihe 
docked at Stari Grad, and immediately got onto a bus wotk of some slightly demented genius anatomist 
to take us to Korcula town, another important Vene- Jeweled reliquaries containing many body parts of 
tian city, another beautiful medieval town. many saints are collected here, with a honeycomb or 

We found a room at a relatively charmless but shelves covering the walls; tall thin spaces for Ieo* 
comfortable resort hotel a little way away down fee shorter spaces foe arms and hands, and small snug slou 
beach, toe Hotel Libuma. The tiny red-roofed old for heads. The head of SL Lawrence is there, the hand 
town, surrounded by impressive fortifications, is of Sl Peter — all encased to richly worked precious 
bulli on a windy pramontoiy, and toe streets are laid metaL The effect is of a fabulous, bizarre cabinet J 
out like a fish’s skeleton. Again, at Korcula, it is die curios assembled by a member of another species wh/ 
town itself that is fee great work of art, aiul walking its specialized to collecting bits of human beings. m 

cobbled fishbone streets will take you from art mu- 

seum to cathedral (where there are a couple of |£ VENING in Dubrovnik seems made for s i~y- 
Tintorettos hidden in dark comas) to a small mu- ping brandy or aperitifs at outdoor tables in ni 

seum of Byzantine icons maintained by a broth- or another spectacular town square. I hud -u 

eihood of flagellants. The carved stone doorway to veJqped a taste for an herbal brandy called tro\ u n L 
this cathedral features statues of Adam and Eve, and Lany liked the sweet wine, prosek serv^ LUm 


of Bp VENING in Dubrovnik seems made for si> 
ra- V ping brandy or aperitifs at outdoor tables in oL 
to- or another spectacular town square I hud -i 

■i: 


if they’ve seen trouble and toil in their time. Korcula feen we would wander up to a street called t 
town also lays claim to Marco Polo’s birth (Venice Prijeko, which runs parallel to Placa. Thei ,Ca 
disagrees), pointing to an entry to fee cathedral's numerous restaurants here, all of which set om i ^ 
baptismal register, and you can visit Marco Polo's tables, so that fee whole street becomes on^ 
house and climb up to the roof for a view of toe city, unbroken row of tablecloth-covered tables - 

Gradski podium, a restaurant with outdoor tables twtocantWabra, others with lamps. The oro™ 
placednear the 16fe-cennny town hall loggia, served invite — OTimportune---feesomewhatscanhfv e ^ Kr<i 
small briny local oysters, caagy and redolent of fee pfekingB. These restaurants offer similar ml’ tr,Un;t 

And so, at last, by Jadroiinija feny to Dubrovnik. It or risotto. ^ UOOJ pa*;^ , 

was an afternoon’s journey among fee many tret- And then, after dinner, we would simii ,h 
covered islands, some low to the water, others moon- again , walking those polished whit* 1116 ' 

tainous. respects to the statue S knight t>£,dn S' NSk 

We had wondered how much war damage we wandering back through fee strw** w J - 
would see to fee old city. • feedraL crowded mostly wife young iSfA l 'iKP 

During the siege, toe Yugoslav Federal forces beer and eating ice cream. The dev iHi™ 6 
pounded the city for eight months from land and sea. can only feel, as travelers have fob f ve J« 

As yon walk the ancient ramparts, you can stiff see tacky to be there, lucky to be able tn 

repairs under way on fee city’s red tile roofs, and and stroll fee streets in a tin** 

bullet holes and other war damage are visible. StEU fee beauty. 1 P eace - 

overwhelming majority of the damage has been - — |HI 

painstaking repaired, using fee same Korcula stone Perri Klass, a pediairicin* 

and traditional building techniques, and yoti do not most recent book is "BahyDnr tn - 

feel you are looking at a devastated city. Dubrovnik. New York Times. y cmr ‘ lr7w '^^r 






PAGE 10 


3GSTERKATIOKAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1997 


RECORDINGS 


MOVIE GUIDE 


Echoes of Miles, Polyphonic Liturgy 


• PHILIP CATHERINE "Live” (Drey- 
fus): The guitarist Catherine recalls the 
postwar decades when Belgian jazz mu- 
sicians were as good as any in the world. 
This mixed Belgian/Dutch quartet bal- 
ances the African element of swing with 
European harmonic investigations. 
They sometimes sound like Django 
Reinhardt with an organ trio. 

• AFlurm “Passione” (Olivi Mu- 
sic): Ten male voices accompanied by 
celli and an organ present polyphonic 
liturgical music of the rocky Mediter- 
ranean island of Corsica. Ancient con- 
sonance punctuated by the occasional 
modernizing dissonance. And Latin and 
Arabic influences are laced together. 

• WALLACE RONEY " Village” 
(Warner Brothers): Of all those who 
might aspire to be post-Miles heroes, 
Roney is closest to pulling something 


really new together. His Milesian sense 
of melody is without cloning. The tunes 
and the harmonies are exquisite and 
performed without a flaw. Geri Allen 
and Chick Corea set an imaginative 
chordal foundation. 

• tony LAKATOS “Generation X” 
(Jazzline): A Hungarian Gypsy with a 
Goman twist reconiing with a New York 
quintet including Randy Brecker and the 
under-known pianist Dave KikoskL 

• pat methent oroUp “Imagin- 
ary Day” (Warner Brothers): This is 
about as much complexity and culture as 
you will find in that category of music 
known as easy listening or New Age. 
The guitarist Metbeny keeps fin ding 
new ways to construct likable and in- 
telligent commercial mnsic. 



Mike Zwerin/IHT Pot Metheny: Likable, commercial. 


Nicole Kidman and George Clooney in "The Peacemaker," the first film from DreamWorks SKG. 

this crowded flat Aristotelian, but 


ARTS GUIDE 


AUSTRIA 


Vienna 

Kunsthistorisches Museum, tel: (1) 525-24- 
403. closed Mondays. Contfnulngffo Oct 19: 
“Gold und Silberaus Mexico." Pre-Columbian 
gold and silver artifacts. 


BELGIUM 


Ghent 

Musee des Baa ux -Arts, tel: (9) 222-1703, 
closed Mondays. Continulngrio Dec. 14: 
“Paris-Bnjxelles/BnjxsSes-Parta." A confron- 
tation of French and Belgian artistic disciplines 
in Tie second half of the 1 9th century: painting 
and sculpture, graphic art, literature, theater 
and music, photography, architecture and dec- 
orative arts. Victor Hugo, Baudelaire, Courbet, 
Zola, Manet, Ensor, Seurat. Van Ryssel- 
berghe. Khnopff. Redon, Gauguin. Rodin, 
Horta and Lalique played leadtag roles. 


BRITAIN 


London 

British Museum, tel: (171) 323-B525, open 
daBy. To Feb. 1: “Cartier 1800-1039.” The 
creative years covered by the exhibition wit- 
nessed some of Cartier's most original 
designs, Including Individual creations In the 
Egyptian, Indian, Chinese and Japanese 
styles, as well as the famous docks. 
European Academy & Accademia ttafiana, 
teb (171) 235-03-03, open daily. To Nov. 16: 
“The Sacred and the Profane: Josefa de 

S os of Portugal, 1630-1684." The lifelong 
ition of the Portuguese artist with the mon- 
orders, their liturgy, dally rituals and spir- 
itual IHe is reflected in the symbolism of her stiB 
lifes and religious paintings. 

Museum of Mankind, tel: (171) 323-8525, 
opfcn daily. To Dec. 31: “Patagonia.'' Drawing 
upon textual and photographic evidence, the 
exhibition reconstitutes a world that has nearly 
vanished, ded mated by disease, alcohol and 
cattle ranchers. 

National Portrait Gaflery, tel: (171) 306-0055. 




A Miro painting shown in Martigny. 

open dally. To Jan. 11: “Glenys Barton: Por- 
traits." Barton's ceramic heads and portraits 
exploit her use of cotar. texture and an unusual 
medium to suggest nuances ot mood and at- 
mosphere. 

Tate Gallery, tel: (171) 887-8000, open daily. 
To Feb. 15: 'Turner on the Loire." In 1826, 
Turner made an extensive tour of northern 
France and the Loire valley, during which he 
drew numerous sketches ol the small towns, 
chateaux and ruins that adorn the region. Also, 
to Nov. 30: "Mondrian: Nature to Abstraction." 
More than 80 works tracing the artist's evo- 
lution from his early atmospheric paintings to 
tuH abstraction in the 1920s. 

^FRANCE 

Paris 

FI AC, tei: 01 -44-1 8-41 -41 . To Oct. 8: A fair that 
promotes 20th-century art works. More than 
130 French and International galleries exhibit 
the works of modem artists. One-man shows 
this year are devoted to Bonnefoi. Matts, Soto. 
Uta Barth, Nam June Paik and Jeff Koorts. 
among others. One gallery brings together, 
under the “Essence ol Humor" theme, works 
by-Basquiat, Botero, Grosz and Saint-PhaJle. 
Another gallery features Dada and Surrealist 
portraits and landscapes, with works by 
BeUmer, Dali, Duchamp, Man Ray, Magritte 
and Tanguy. 

FNAC Salnt-Lazare, tel: 01-55-31-20-00, 
dosed Sundays. To Nov. 1: “Gisele Freund: 
Portraits dtcnvatas." Approximately 40 color 
photographs of writers from the 1930s and 
'40s. Joyce, Yourcenar, Sartre, Zweig. Beckett 
are among the personalities Freund photo- 
graphed in their homes or at their working 
tables. 

Musee-QaJerie de la Seita, tel: 01 -45-56-60- 
18, closed Sundays. To Nov. 22: “Alfred Hrd- 
licRa: Sculptures et Oeuvres sur Papier.' 1 Hrd- 
hcka (bom 1 928 in Austria) finds his Inspiration 
in War and violence, thus creating portraits that 
are realistic and expressive. The exhibition 
Features drawings, watercolors and pastels. 
Museedu Louvre, tel: 01 -40-20-51 -51. dosed 
Tuesdays. Continuing/ To Oct. 13: “Kudara 
Kajinon: Line Sculpture du Japon Anden." A 
representation of the Boddisattva Kannon, that 
is a Japanese National Treasure and usually 
kept in a temple in Nara. 

■ OERMANY 

FriOMKFURT 

Schim Kunsthalle Frankfurt, tei: (69) 29-98- 
82-11. dosed Mondays. To Nov. 30: "Modem 
Artin Portugal." The objective of this exhibition 
is to underline the similarities between the 
efforts of the artists that undertook the difficult 
task of introducing new aesthetic prinripfss in 
Portugal and similar efforts by the Portuguese 
poet, Fernando Pessoa- The exhibition will 
travel to Lisbon, 
i 

Stuttgart 

Staatsgalerie, tel: (711) 212-4050. dosed 
Mqndays. To Jan. 11 : "Johann Heinrich Fussll: 



From Tervuren: A Zaire figure of a 
drummer, in a Washington show. 

Catalan Peasant With Guitar, 1924." Focuses 
on the portrait of a Catalan peasant that Is part 
of a series produced by the artist in 1 924-1 825. 
It Is shown together with preparatory drawings 
and earlier oil paintings on the same subject 
The years 1924-1925 represent the beginning 
of Miro’s adherence to Surrealism. 

i SWITZERLAND 

Geneva 

Musee Bartier-Mueller, tel: (22) 312-0270, 


A meditative Virginia Woolf por- 
trayed by Gisele Freund. 

Das Verlorene Paradies." Fussll (1741-1825) 
was educated In Italy and worked mainly In 
England and his art is poised between beauty 
and horror. The exhibition features, among 
others, a series of 40 paintings illustrating 
Milton's “Paradse Lost" 

M ITALY 

Milan 

Milan Royal Palace, tel: (39) 2375401 , dosed 
Mondays. To Feb 1 : “The Maya of Copan: The 
Athens of Central America." High&ghting the 
period of greatest splendor of the Maya people 
and the city of Copan (250-900 A.D.), the ex- 
hibition showcases pottery, tods, wall mosa- 
ics. jewelry and anthropomorphic figures. 


ItoME-- 

V GapftoQfld Museum,' -Piazza del Camp-, 
j • fdoglfo^ tef^.f6) 6740-2071, closed Mondays* 
-■■To Janr20:“HenrtMabsseLLa ReveJatioom'est 
■ Venue de I'Orient" Documents the influence of 
Oriental art in Matisse's work. Over 250 of the 
artist’s paintings, drawings and prints can be 
seen alongside rare Islamic. Coptic and Byz- 
antine art which Matisse discovered during his 
extensive travels. 

Venice 

Palazzo Grassi, tel: (41 ) 522-1 375, open daily. 
Contbiuingrro Jan. 11: “Expressionismo Te- 
desco: Arte e Sodeta, 1909-1923." German 
Expressionists including Beckmann, Dix, 
Grosz, Kokoschka, Ki refiner, Pechstein and 
Schmldt-RottiuH. 

Tokyo 

Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photo- 
graphy, tel: (3) 3280-0031, dosed Mondays. 
To Nov. 3: "Alfred S&egtitz and His Contem- 
poraries." More than 150 photographs that 
span the entire career of the American pho- 
tographer (1864-1946). The founder of the 
Photo-Secesaon group. Stieglitz fought for the 
recognition of photography as a creative art 
meefium. He is best known for the 400-prfnt 
series of his wife Georgia O'Keeffe, and his 
studies of doud patterns. 

■ SPAIN 

Madrb 

Fundacton Juan March, tel: (1) 435-4240, 
open daily. To Dec. 30: "NokJe: Nature and 
Religion." An exhibition of 38 oil paintings and 
23 watercolors by the German artist (1867- 
1 956). Apart from the re&gious motifs tor which 
he Is famous, N Okies other subjects indude 
views of fields, flowers and still lifes. He also 
painted images inspired by Scandnavtan le- 
gends. 

MuseoThyssen-Bomemisza, tel: (1)420-39- 
44, dosed Mondays. To Jan. 11: “Joan Miro: 


open daily. To April 15: “Arts Rituels cTOceanie: 
NouveHe-lriande." More than 40 statues. 
maBks and objects from New Ireland, the group 
of islands that are part of the Bismarck ar- 
chipelago, north east of Australia. 

Musee Rath, tel: (22) 310-52-70, dosed Mon- 
days. To Jan. 11 : “Egypte: Moments <f Etem- 
Ite.” The exhibition highlights the different 
genres and periods of Egyptian art from the 4th 
millennium B.C.tothe Roman occupation, with 
200 works of art created by the Egyptians as a 
means of attaining the world beyond. 

Lausanne 

Musee Cantonal des Beaux-Arts, tel: (21) 
312-83-32, dosed Mondays. To- Jan. 11: “La 
MlrofrVivant." The exhibition explores the con- 
tradiction between reality and the art it inspires, 
through the works of Magritte, Broodthaers, 
Bruce Naum an and Markus Raetz. 

Lugano 

VDia Favorite, tei: (91 ) 972-1741 , dosed Mon- 
days. Continuing/To Nov. 2: “60th An- 
niversary Pinacoteca Villa Favorite: Master- 
works from the Carmen Thyssen-Bomemisza 
Collection.” 120 works from the collection, in- 
duefing paintings by Giordano, Guardi, 
Canaletto, Boucher, Fragonard. Goya and 
20th-century artists. 

Marti ony 

Fondation Pferre GJanedda, tel: (26) 22-39- 
78, open daily. CondnutngfTo Nov. 11: “Joan 
Miro.” A retrospective of paintings, gouaches 
and watercolors, sculptures and ceramics cre- 
ated by the Spanish painter (1893-1983). 


NewYohk 

M etropo litan Museum of Art, tel: (1) 212- 
570-3791, dosed Mondays. To Jan. 11: "The 
Private Collection of Edgar Degas." The col- 
lection of art acquired by Edgar Degas (1834- 
191 7). It brings together more than 200 paint- 
ings, pastels, drawings, and prints by major 
1 9th-century French artists that had long since 
been dispersed. Also, to March 1: "Master 
Hand: Individuality and Creativity among Yor- 
uba Sculptors." Masks, free-standing figures, 
containers and architectural posts attributed to 
Yoruba masters from Nigeria and the Republic 
of Benin, who were active from the mld-19th 
through the first haff of the 20th century. 

, Museum of Modem Art,' tef:‘ (212) 7083)400, 
' dosed Wsdnesdays-ToJan. 20: “On the Edge: 
. Contemporary Artfrom th^ Wecnerand Bedne 
Dannheisser Collection." More than 80 part- 
ings, sculptures, video installations, photo- 
graphs and drawings by European and Amer- 
ican artists are Included in this recent donation. 
Features works by Cart Andre, Joseph Beuys. 
Tony Cragg, Jell Kocns. Robert Gober and 
Slgmar Polite, among many others. 

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, tel: (212) 
423-3840, dosed Thursdays and Guggen- 
heim Museum SoHo, tel: (212) 42338-40, 
dosed Mondays and Tuesdays: To Jan. 7: 
“Robert Rauschenberg: A Retrospective." The 
complementary exhibitions unfold the works of 
the American artist (bom 1925) chronologic- 
ally, highlighting his painting and sculpture 
while capturing his practice of working simul- 
taneously in diverse mediums. The downtown 
exhibition focuses on the work of the last de- 
cade. and indudes selections of the artisfs 
•paintings on metal. The exhibition will travel to 
Houston, Cologne and Bilbao. 

Washington 

National Gallery of Art, tel: (202) 737-4215, 
open daily. To Jan. 11 : Thomas Moran." Ap- 
proximately 100 of the American painter's wa- 
tercolors and oil paintings, including views of 
the American West The paintings of Yellow- 
stone by Moran (1837-1926) inspired Con- 
gress to establish the first national park In the 
United States. Alsolnduded tn the exhibition 
are Italian, English and Mexican scenes, as 
well as his little known pre-Raphaelite-style 
landscapes. 

National Museum of African Art, tel: (202) 
357-2700, open dally. To Oct 19: "Treasures 
from Tervuren." From the Belgian collection of 
Central African art collected by government 
officials and missionaries, more than 120 ar- 
tifacts induding objects of royal regalia, masks, 
figures that hold meefldne, and figures rep- 
resenting kings and chiefs. The exhibition will 
travel to New York, Dusseldorf and Bar- 
celona- 

National Portrait Gallery, tel: (202) 357-2700, 
open daBy. To Jan. 25: “Edith Wharton's World: 
Portraits of People and Places." More than 100 
paintings, miniatures, manuscripts and mem- 
orabilia from the author's life (1862-1937). In- 
cludes portraits of her contemporaries; paint- 
ings by Pissarro and Childs Hassam that 
capture the places Wharton loved such as 
Newport, Rhode island, and Venice; and the 
journal of her visits to the front In World War I. 


Nkttoyaoe a Sec 

Directed by Anne Fontaine. France. 
Just think of all dial must go on m the 
provinces, that s tifling territory of small- 
town values where, in today’s world, 
even Charles Bovaiy mi gh t respond to 
strange s tirrings . Jean-Marie (Grades 
Berling) and his wife, Nicole (Miou- 
Mion), live in Belfort, where the sun does 
oot shin e everyday and horizons are lim- 
ited They run — ami are ran by — a dry- 
cleaning establishment, waricing mir- 
acles upon soiled finery and mopping op 
the blood and grime from hospital sheers. 
Jean-Marie, in thrall to cleanliness and 
order, is proud of his suave way with a 
pleat Nicole is ready for something else. 
Her eye falls on Loic (Stanislas Merhar), 
a lost boy whose unbridled blood beauty 
sends out mixed signals. Loic and his 
sister Marilyn (Mathilde Seigner), are 
cross-dressers — Loic plays Sylvie 
Vartan to Marilyn’s Johnny Kallyday. 
Jean-Marie and Nicole, sucked in by the 
allure of transgression, go with die tide. 
They end up adopting Loic, who be- 
comes their pet and apprentice. As in 
Pasolini’s ‘Theorem,’^ die angel-face 
stranger explodes the myth of the tight 
little family. Mion-Mum, who has 
played many a liberated women, is in her 
element as the child- wife who springs to 
life at the call of sex. Berling is trans- 
formed in his struggle with inner demons 
and disorder; he becomes more pinched 
and perturbed, lor he has fallen in love 
with the outsider. This is nor a brand-new 
story, yet Anne Fontaine’s script, written 
with Gilles Taurand. her vivid sense of 
characters in free-fall set this provincial 
house on fire. (Joan Dupont. IHT) 

The Peacemaker 

Directed by Mimi Leder. US. 

It would be unfair to prematurely dismiss 
DreamWorks SKG, die new mega-en- 
tertainment venture founded by Steven 
Spielberg (Mr. S). ex-Disney animation 
czar Jeffrey Kaizen berg (Mr. K) and 
music mogul David Geffen (Mr. G). But 


three years after its over-rrumpeted birth, 
DreamWorks has only just started to 
show its face. The gains are modest, thus 
far. The biggest successes are the TV 
show “Spin City,” and the company’s 
line of computer games. Now comes 
“The Peacemaker,” the film division's 
much-anticipated debut, produced by 
Mr. Sand directed by Mhxu Leder. Let’s 
just say, it isn't die greatest movie to 
launch a would-be media empire. In fact, 
this thriller about a renegade missile 
terrorist, starring George Clooney and 
Nicole Kidman, never leaves the silo. 
The $50 million budget may not be much 
by Hollywood standards. But surely 
some of it should be apparent on screen. 
The movie is dull, murky and — despite 
enough locales for a James Bond film — 
looks cheap, tentative and small-scale. 
And director Leder, who made “ER” 
episodes before this, imposes such slug- 
gishness (xi her action scenes, she should 
have retitled this “The Pacemaker. ’’ For 
all its surface attention to nuclear-thriller 
cliches, the movie has no central human 
spark. Between them, Clooney and Kid- 
man would still need a third party to 
work up a personality. In fairness to 
them, they aren’t given much to work 
with. (Desson How, WP) 

When We Were in Love 

Directed by Joji Matsuoka. Japan. 

Joji Matsuoka is the director of the bril- 
liant “Twinkle” (1992), and while his 
new film is not guile that good, it is 
better than most Japanese commercial 
films these days. This director creates 
ensemble pieces chat examine relation- 
ships with insight and honesty. He may 
start with all die pieces of a genre film 
but the results are always happily sui 
generis. Two trendy thirtysomething 
guys celebrate their getting a new apart- 
ment by meeting two trendy twenty- 
something girls. In the morning the girls 
move into the new pad though the boys 
didn't know they were coming. Before 
long what started as platonic becomes in 


things 

never go the way you think they wxU. 


Pairoff the quartet may. but happiness is 
a long way off and much of the pleasure ] 
of this beautifully crafted film is watch- 5 
ing just how the director and writer, ) 
Hisashi Nozawa. manage to thwart your 
expectations. (Donald Richie. IHT) * 

Excess Baooaw 

Directed by Marco Brambilla. U.S. 
Looking a few pounds heavier and war- « 
ing more eye makeup in “Excess Bag-1 
gage 1 ' than in he r s t ar -making hit, “One-* 
less.” Alicia Silverstone suggests ani 
Aubrey Beardsley caricature oia Valley-? 
Girl with a touch of Bn mnhilde. Tte j 

asculptored cleft And tbebSaages are 
enough to have altered Sttveratone’s 
idealized evjayteen image. Now she is a 
surreal, zaftig everyteen who seems eer- ^ 
ily larger chan life. The star’s character in 4 
“Excess Bajggage,” Emily T.Hroe, alas;.' 
isn’t a fraction as charming as Cher, her 
Beverty Hills teenage busybody' m • 
*‘Cluefcss.”Theonlychildafawidowed3 
financier. Emily is an unhappy 18-year- J 
old heiress who fakes her own Id 
ping to get the attention of her coft, 4 
selfish fattier. (When we Jeam that she , 
once set fire to her preparatory school, her 
impulsiveness seems ora simphr madcap 
but possibly psychotic.) EarityS scheme i 
goes like clockwork until the BMW in I 
whose trunk she has been hiding, bound i 
and handcuffed in expectation of an bn- * 
minent rescue, is stolen by an oafish 
young thief named Vincent Roche (Ben- 
icio Del Toro). Silveistone’s pouty all- 
American brashness counts for little in a 
film whose flat screenplay doesn't give 
her a single funny line. Robbed of wit, her 
character is simply a whining pain in die - 
neck. Del Toro turns in a mumbled raspy 
performance that is so knotted in af- - 
Sedation (warmed-over Marlon Brando . 
meets Jack Nicholson with laryngitis)-, 
that his character doesn’t connect to any- 
body. (Stephen Holden. NYT ) 


* 


BOOKS 


UTERATUSELOST: 

Social Agendas and the 
Corruption of the Humanities 

By John M. Ellis. $25. Yale University 
Press. 

Reviewed by Jonathan Yardley 

J OHN M. ELLIS has written, in “Lit- 
erature Lost,” a trenchant if upon 
occasion bombastic account of bow 
“political correctness” rose from the 
ashes of the 1960s and a lucid analysis 
of its effects on academia. “Literature 
Lost' ' is an eloquent, passionate plea for 
the “wider world” to engage itself with 
academia and bring it to its senses, lest 
literature and the arts be trampled be- 
yond recognition by the armies of the 
alienated professorial. 

This is a closely argued book, but the 
general reader will rarely find -it dense; 
the exception is a chapter about literary 
theory, though Ellis is far more com- 
prehensible than any of the theorists 
whose work he attempts to explain. Oth- 
erwise, his line of reasoning is clear and 
the arguments he assembles in support of 
his broad positions are tight. A professor 
emeritus of German literature at the Uni- 
versity of California. Santa Cruz, EDis 
has spent his life in academia; he knows 
whereof he writes. 

The essence of Ellis’s argument — 
some of which, to be sure, is familiar — 
is that in the space of barely a couple of 
decades “academic literary criticism 
has been transformed,” from traditional 
inquiry into the meaning and impor- 
tance of works of literature and “the 
profundity of the questions they 
raised,” to an obsession with political 
power, a conviction that “the universit- 
ies should have an overtly political func- 
tion, work directly for social and polit- 
ical change, and inculcate a particular 

political viewpoint in their students.” 

__ . This obsession takes various forms: an 

became its music director, the orchestra per- * bteratm ^ ^ c ^f s i_ a 

forms in Germany. Austria, The Netherlands. 

France and England until Oct 17. The rep- 
ertoire Includes a number of works by Amer- 
ican composers Copland, Gershwin and Ives. 

Emmanuel Ax is the soloist in Beethoven's 
Piano Concertos No. 3 and 5. 

CLOSING SOPH 

Oct. 5: “Jordan is: Sur les Pas des Arche- 
ologues." institut du Monde Arabs, Paris. 

OcL 5: “Ruskin in Japan, 1890-1 940." Mu- 
seum of Modem Art, Kamakura, Japan. 

OcL 5: “Monet van Gogh. Picasso and Others: 

Highlights from a Collection In The Hague." 

Kunsthal, Rotterdam. 

Oct 5: “The Barbizon School." Museum of 
Fine Arts, Gifu, Japan. 

Oct. 5: "Raeburn." Royal Scottish Academy, 

Edinburgh. 

OcL 5: Stuart Daws retrospective. Peggy Gug- 
genheim Collection, Venice. 

OcL 5: "RusWn in Japan, 1890-1940." Mu- 
seum of Modem Art, Kamakura, Japan. 

Oct 5: "Charles Camoin, 1879-1965: Sous le 
Signs de Cezanne et du Fauvisme." Fond- 
ation de I’Harmitage, Lausanne. 

Oct. 5: “Jeff Vtfafl." Museum of Contemporary 
Art, Los Angeles. 

OcL 6: "L’lmperatrice Josephine et les Sci- 
ences Natu relies.” Musee National du Chat- 
eau de Maknafson, Rueil-Maimaisort, 

France. 


fbrtunates whose causes they allegedly 
espouse, and a vehement hostility not 
merely to what they see as imperialist 
America but also to “business and the 
middle class.” All of this got started 
daring the 1960s. What is relatively new, 
and intellectually calamitous, is that it 
now dictates the way literature is read and 
taught in American higher education. 

Ellis catches the new academic critics 
in a telling hypocrisy: An academic cul- 
ture that claims to foster "diversity” 
within itself and society is implacably 
antagonistic to literature's diversity, in- 
sisting that it can only be read with 
regard to race, gender and class and has 
merit only as it advances the. academy’s 
ideology. “If we are determined to take 
from literature only the attitudes that we 
.bring to it,” Ellis writes, “it ceases to 
have any point" But then it may never 
have had any point for many in die new 
generation of scholars, for much ev- 
idence suggests not that they love lir- 
eratnre — with its unanswerable ques- 
tions posed with such ardor and 
eloquence — but that they “lave qo real 
interest in what literature might say, only 
an interest in what they tan use it for.” 

F OR ail their agility in debate and for 
all ihetr impenetrable, indigestible jar- 
gon, these critics know surprisingly hale. 
They pontificate about politics, science, 
criminology and economics, yet few with 
serious knowledge of these matters are 
known to read them with interest or re- 
spect. Their naivete can be sublime; they 
seem unaware that the business of civ- 
ilization “is to find a way to keep human 
nastiness in check, not to avoid interfe ring 
with the natural occurrence of human 
sweetness,” so they inhabit “a fantasy 
world in which good intentions and moral 


I -i 


paranoid sense of victimization and op- 
pression, the victims including the pro- 
fessors themselves as well as those un- 


superiarity should be enough to make any 
society just and to abolish the barriers to 
equal outcomes.” Knowing so little as 
they do, they are prone to reductionism at 
every turn, “isolating a s ingl e factor 
among many in a given situation and then 
ignoring aQ the others in order to reduce 
— and so distort — a complex state of 
affairs to that single factor.” 


To be precise: race, gender and class. g 
These are the near horizons beyond j 
which foe critics cannot see. One by one, J 
Ellis examines them, and one by one be 
destroys them. Feminism, a necessary 
and legitimate movement, has been sab- 
otaged by academic radicals who make 
“destructive attacks on foe allegedly ex- , ; 
ploitative character of the traditional faro- 
ily and of male-female relationships,” 
with the result that it “is losing support ( • , 
among men and women alike and is in \ t* • 
dang er of isolating itself in an gr y campus * 
enclaves, where its slide into ever greater j 
unreality can continue unchecked." , 

Race, foe most important and trou- j 
bting question on the American agenda, , 
becomes, “in the upside-down world of 1 
race-gender-class scholars.’ ’ an issue of . 
foe moral culpability of “the North \ 
Americans who tore their society apart , 
to fight what proved to be the decisive ^ 
battle in foe defeat of slavery, foe Amer- 
ican Civil War”; the remedy given for t 
inequities that persist is affirmative ac- , 
tion. which “encourages people to see j 
themselves primarily as members of a _ 
group” and thus encourages “tribal * 
t hinki ng, with all of its destructive- jl 
ness,” and which, alas, prompts Ellis to 
some rather excessive tirades about a 4 
subject that is more complex than he ( 
seems to understand. \ 

As for class, these critics’ understand- 
ing of it is rooted firmly in .Marxism, 
which they are drawn to “because it j 
offers classifications for victim and vie- j 
timizer, but the fluid structure of modem ‘ 
America looks very different from foe - 
rigid 19th-century European class sys- 
tem that Marx made die basis of his 
political theory.” 

Ellis is given, unfortunately, to in- 
vective, which is to say that from time he 
gets into the mud with the opposition. 

But that must not distract us from what 
he has written, an acute analysis of “a 
startling decline in the intellectual qual- 
ity of work in foe humanities and a 1 
descent to intellectual triviality and ir- 
relevance that amounts to a betrayal of 
the university as an institution.” 

Washington Post Service 


5 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 

I N play and defense, most 
of us think in terms of solv- 
ing problems. Bat great play- 
ers think in another dimen- 
sion: How can problems be 
created for foe opposition? 

A simple bat elegant ex- 
ample is foe diagramed deal, 
played in the 1997 Cap 
Gemini World Top tourna- 
ment in The Netherlands. 
The North-South hands of- 
fer a fair play for six spades. 
The slam needs a winning 
heart finesse and a 2-1 tramp 
split. Some pairs bid six 
spades and were duly de- 
feated. 


The top Dutch partnership 
of Beni Westra and Enri 
Lenfkens sat North-South 
and did well, as shown, to put 
on foe brakes in five spades. 
Sooth’s cue-bid- of five dia- 
monds alerted North to foe 
likelihood of duplicated val- 
ues and therefore the prospect 
of losers in the unh id suits It 
seems easy to make 1 1 
tricks. 

Unluckily for North- 
South, their East-West op- 
lents were Gabriel 
jas and Marceio Branco 
of Brazil, who were en route 
to victory in the tourna- 
ment. 

A club was led to the ace, 
and Chagas shifted shrewdly 


to the heart jack. This created 
an unpleasant dilemma for 
South: Anything he did could 
be wrong. It was extremely 
likely that East held either a 
singleton heart or a doubleton 
king-jack. If foe former, it 
was vital to take foe ace, 
averting a niff, and hope for a 
normal 2-1 trump split. 
Leufkens quite reasonably 
followed this course and was 
defeated. 

With foe actual layout — 
with the heart finesse suc- 
ceeding but the trumps not 
splitting — foe w inning play 
was to finesse. Chagas was 
happy to collect 50 points and 
then endorse his opponent's 
playing decision. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1997 


PAGE U 


LEISURE 


* sjn Paris, a Muted Season Ranges From Verdi to Germania 




. By Craig R. Whitney ships in Europe, the one between France years, is at the Grand Palais until Jam 26. the Louvre, Notre-Dame or the Eiffel 

_ 2 and Germany. The exhibition includes some long-lost Tower, but it has its quiet, contemplative 

^ AR| „ ^ “Marianne et Germania” exhibits works recently acquired by museums 

~~ As the cooling 350 paintings, sculptures, documents, from private collations. Information: 

swec P and graphic and decorative artworks on (33-1) 44-13-17-30: reservations, 49- 


ARES — 


side, away from the Place 


live Sunday 
and is then 


takes place Saturday and 
the hill behind the vineyard 


ftti y IS™ 5 * blowing the the passions, for good and ill, that France 87-54-54. 
leawp« “d plane-tree and Germany aroused in each other from A retrospective of Pierre-Paul 

' acJm ' "* stt ? cts once the* French Revolution through die end Prad’hon’s allegorical pflinrinw of the 

’ and the city comes out of the 19th century. It opens Nov. 8 in the Revolution and fee Empire eras, also at 

Peril Palais. the Grand Palais, runsunhJ Jan. 12 be- 

tvvKma been an especially la its first Paris appearance in two fore moving to the Metropolitan Mu- 

shadowed by the death on years, the Berlin Philharmonic under setrm of Art in New York in March. 
nnrTw 5*"*^ the Princess of Wales, Claudio Abbado wfll perform Verdi’s Ddjussy’s “PelleasetMelisande,” in 
her Companion, Dodi al Fayed, in a “Reauiem” Oct 20 and 23. Mahler’s Robert Wilson’s snare nrodnetion in 


basilica. The painters flogging canvases 


nnH “^J^mcess of Wales, Cla u dio Abbado will perform Verdi’s Debussy's “PeUeasetMelisande,” in Lamarck-CaulaiDCOurt Metro statit 

rr“ Dodi al Rwed, in a “Requiem” Oca. 20 and 23, Mahler's Robert Wilson’s spare production in Rue Saint- Vincent, which brings 

ousn m aroad tunnel under the Place de “Resurrection” Symphony on Oct 21, which die lovers never touch, not even directly to the Lapin Agile bistro 


ii A t iuh, 1uwub «.wuiictuuu aywpuuuy uu wuita me never louco, noi even 

B J® 0mera have created a me- and a program of Schubert's Symphony once, returned to the Opera Gamier to 

in C major and Schumann’s Piano Con- open the season under James Cordon's 
»mic at meseane, strewing flowers on certo with Murray Perahia on Oct. 24 at direction. A new Jorge Lavelli produc- 
me embankm^ta leading into the tunnel toe Salle Pleyel (33-1) 45-61-53-00. don of Franz Lehar’s “Merry Widow” 
hfe-size copy of Tickets: $11 8 to $200 for Verdi, S 105 to has its premiere on Dec. 1. Tickets: 

the Statue of liberty's torch that stands $171 for Mahler and the Schubert-Schn- $10.45 to $1 11. Tel: (33-8) 36-69-78- 

over its western end. mann program; all performances at 8:30 68. 


' . the Mar- 

the Louvre, Notre-Dame or the Eiffel ceremony, takes place Saturday and ' In the 16A 
Tower, but it has its quiet, contemplative Sunday. Up the hill behind the vineyard mottan Museum, W4-1J v *- _ * g ol § 
side, away frenn the FTace Pigafle and is the ramming Mnsee de Montmartre, a leafy alcove at the edge . rtl iwtioD 
what Henry Miller called the “heavy, the bouse at 12 Rue Cortot where the Boulogne, has an lastonisning g u j 
somnolent whiteness” of Sacre-Cocnr painter Earile Bernard had his studio of hundreds of meaievaimmi»iu 
basilica. The painters flogging canvases upstairs; (33-1) 46-06-61-11. The orig- die museumis mos t worth '^~p^ onc t, 
around the nearby Place du Tfcrtre inal rabbit in a stewpot that gave the collection w 100 paintings ny Sufl 
nowadays obscure the feet that there Lapin Agile hs name is on display, along (Me of which ( valley oraas - 
once was a real artistic and literary life with other memorabilia. A feist for the Effect, 1884 ) is on loan to 
on the hill named for three early Chris- eyes, finally, is available free on die show opening Oct, 10 at tne ^ 
dan martyrs. Some idea of it can be seen esplanade in front of Sacrc-Coeravwith Museumof Art. Anexmoinonc®, 
by wallring up the steps behind the alf Paris spread before you: and waricof Ae paintcrBcrttieMorwo 

t jimar ric- T’-Mnininm iirt Metro station to On die Left Bank, behind fee Pan- scheduled to open at 
Rue Saint- Vincent, which brings (me theon, is a jewel of the late Middle Ages Friday and is to run to Feb- _ . v 
directly to the Lapin Agile bistro and, and the French Renaissance — the The Buddha Bar, 8-12 KueBc^ 
rmnnsife it the last wnrkine vinevanl in Chnrch of Saint-Etienne-du-Mont on d* Angles near the Place de la V 0 ™?™!’ 


Ae ^old-leaf fife-size copy of Tickets: $1 18 to $200 for Verdi, $105 to 
the Statue of Liberty's torch that stands $171 for Mahler and the Schubert-Schu- 
•.OVer Its western end. mann nmoram: all oerforraances at 8:30 


on [be bill named for three early Chris- eyes, finally, is available free on me 
ban martyrs. Some idea of it can be seen esplanade in front of Sacte-Coetny with 
by walking up the steps behind the all Paris spread before you: 
t jimar ric- T’-Miiininm nrt Metro station to On die Left Bank, behind fee Pan- 
Rue Saint- Vincent, which brings (me theon, is a jewel of the late Middle Ages 
directly to the Lapin Agile bistro and, and the French Renaissance — the 
opposite it, the Last working vineyard in Chnrch of Saint-Etienne-du-Mont on 
Paris. The long-undrinkable wine. Place Sainte-Genevieve* The church, 
which has been improving, can be begun in 1492 and finished in 1626, is 
bought in the Maine (City Hall) of the Gothic in floor plan but exquisitely 
18th arrondissement. Renaissance in execution, all in cream- 


all Paris spread before you.- andwoAof rite painter 

On the Left Bank, behind fee Pan* scheduled to open at the Mannottan on 
theon, is a jewel of the late Middle Ages Friday and is to run j*- _ . cV 
and the french Renaissance — the The Buddha Bar, 8-12 Rue Bossy 
Church of Saint-Etienne-du-Mont on d’Anglas near the Place de la Concorde, 
Place Sainte-Genevieve- The church, (33-1) 53-05-90-00, is the hot wru 


t n So, too, the fell cultural season is 
unusually reflective on several levels, 
some of it centered in erne way or another 
around what has been and continues to 
be one of toe most important r elatio n. 


Pht 

An exhibition of 42 works of the 17th- 
century painter Georges de La Tour, 
practically his entire known oeuvre and 
toe biggest such retrospective in 25 


At toe Opera Bastille, a hi g hli g ht of 
the season is a new Francesca Zambello 
production of Puccini’s “Turandot.” 
Tickets: $10.45 to $111. 


A Rural Oasis 


be begun in 1492 and finished in 1626, is place of toe moment, its enormoos two- 
he Gothic in floor plan but exquisitely .story downstairs room dominated oy a 
Renaissance in execution, all in cream- huge statue of Buddha in the m e ditating 
cofeed stone. Its rood screen, the only position. The food is somewhere be- 


surviving example in Paris.is a 
nrwtn Taring stone construction 


tween Asian and French, wife spring 

rolls, ^ashimi, marinat ed beef grilled 


The vineyard is a rural oasis that in- the nave and toe choir that looks almost Korean style, and plain Western 


spired artists like Modigliani and Utrillo, 
who used to hang out in the bistro. The 


biggest such retrospective in 25 Montmartre is as big a tourist draw as grape festival, with a colorful outdoor 


like an Art Deco bracelet The church like lafob chops, tat p( 
also has sp lend id original Renaissance ambiance, the later the 
stained glaaa two with wine, $157. 


better. Dinner for 


THE CAR COLUMN 


';.v- v -4 



Citroen Xsara: The Legend Ends 


. By Gavin Green 

I F toe new Xsara weren’t a Citroen, 
I’d like it a lot more. But toe Cit- 
roen brand breeds expectations, 
based on past models that were 
indubitably among die world’s most 
innovative cars. And when your cur- 
riculum vitae includes the 1934 Trac- 
tion Avant (toe world’s first mass-pro- 
duced front-wheef-drive car, mono- 
coque construction, radial tires), the 
shark-shaped 1955 DS (very possibly 
the biggest single leap in motoring his- 
tory) and toe GS (which, when launched 
in 1971, set a standard for ride comfort 
and braking ability that is still largely 
unmatched in toe EscmVGolf class), 
there are bound to be problems in trying 
to keep up the pace. 

Unfortunately, toe new Xsara fails to 
i make the list of legends. Even worse, 
r ''.this time Citroen wasn’t even trying. 

^ The new-look Citroen, now owned by 
its eretwhile rival Peugeot, is a wholly 
different company from Andre Citroen's 
band of pioneering idealists. While the 
rest of the auto industry seems hell-bent 
on serving up more interesting shapes 
and more distinctive cars — and b acks 
that up with aspirational advertising that 
rants on about sex appeal and individu- 
ality — Citroen is going the other way. A 
company that once nude toe most in- 
dividual and intelligently conceived cars 
in the world, is now prostrating itself 
before the alter of conventionality. 

One in the Crowd 

i 

There is absolutely nothing wrong 
with the new Xsara. If it were made by a 
Japanese company or one of the less 
distinguished European makers (and toe, 
truth is, such is its want of individuality, 
it could be), then it would be lauded as a 
spacious, comfortable, soft-riding small 
hatchback, not toe best car in the class. 


but not far behind. As with its equally 
unadventurous predecessor, the ZX, on 
which it is closely based, toe Xsara will 
undoubtedly be reliable and easy to 
own. 

Individuality can work two ways, of 
course, and it’s true that many motorists 
could never get along with those older 
Citroens, which, while historically sig- 
nificant in toe evolution of toe car, could 
sometimes be irritatingly quirky. It was a 
bit like living with a slightly eccentric 
gains: uplifting one moment, frustrat- 
ingty unconventional the next 

muoELis in the market This av- 
ant-gardism never really bothered the 
French, who are probably die most so- 
phisticated car buyers in toe world. But it 
was a major turn-off in less cultured car 
markets, where what really was wanted 
was a reliable set of wheels. Citroen, ‘ 
predictably, floundered in the United 
States (nowadays, it isn’t even sold 
there), and, more worrying for the 
maker, straggled in major northern 
European markets such as Britain and 
Germany. 

So, voilal About-face! Recent Ci- 
troens have been utterly conventional, 
both mechanically and stylistically, 
about as adventurous as a red-brick 
bungalow. They are cars that reassure 
owners with their familiarity rather 
than motiyate rivals with their far- 
sightedness, cars that conform rather 
than challenge. 

Unfortunately for Citroen, just as it is 
winning its spurs for honesty and 
straight-forwardness, buyers are de- 
manding that extra something. Reliab- 
ility and good quality are now givens; 
that little bit of extra style and per- 
sonality is what’s needed. 

Which is not to say that toe Xsara 
isn’t your kind of car. It handles tidily, 
goes briskly, is not extravagant with 
fuel, and is one of toe roomiest in toe 
sector. The trunk is large and has at least 


CROSSWORD 


two bright ideas that prove that toe 
spark of creativity, once Citroen’s 
trademark, hasn’t been completely ex- 
tinguished. The trunk lid has toe best 
designed handle I’ve ever used, and the 
rear parcel shelf has an ideal home: 
upright, slotted behind toe rear seats. 
Those folding rear seals can also be 
locked in place, to isolate toe frank and 
thus prevent thievery. Another nice 
touch: There are big red indicators in 
toe rear doors when toe child locks are 
not in place. 

The anonymous exterior — it could 
so easily wear Nissan or Hyundai or 
Toyota emblems — is matched by an 
interior that is so free of imagination 
that it almost looks like an afterthought, 
as though a couple of Peugeot part- 
timers designed it on toe cheap. At a 
time when most rival makers — not 
least VW, Ford and Rat — consistently 
display at least one big idea in cabin 
design for new models, toe Xsara’s in- 
terior is totally underwhelming. As with 
toe rest of toe car, it does the job — but 
nothing else. 

E VEN toe turbodiesel engine in the 
test car was disappointingly or- 
dinary. Citroen, along with its 
Peugeot masters, once mastered the art 
of diesel motors. No longer. Newer, 
more hi-tech offerings — not least from 
Volkswagen — have forged ahead. 

These days, average just isn't good 
enough. 

• Citroen Xsara 1.9TD. About 
$22,000. Four-cylinder, turbocharged* 
diesel engine, 1905cc, 90 BHP at 4,000. 
rpm. (1.4, 1.6, 1.8 gasoline engines 
available). Top speed: 177 kph (110 
mph). Acceleration: 0-100 kph in 11.7 
seconds. Average fuel consumption: 6.6 
liters/100 km. 

Next: The Seat Arosa 

Gavin Green is the editor in chief of 
Car magazine. 


ACROSS 

f It wortar Ikea 
divn 
a Undertone 
is Former Big 
Apple mayor 
ii Drill WH- 
IT Saskatchewan 
dty 

/ fiNemofWWkal 
aB * r * 

i ■ i* Touchdown 

I poM?:Ab(x. 
aoPofflyandban 
22 Foreign VJ>. 
as Recreation 
center staple 
ae Loudness una 
27 Ariz. neighbor 
is Mude sheet . 
abbr. 


30 Comedian 
Howard 
si Tercel 
27 An angry 
spaaker might 
make it 
3a Two-time 

Masters champ 
33 PaErxfromisfs 
prepos iti on 
4ti CM Dodge 

41 BankaccnjaL 

Abbr. 

MMoreihana 

rate 

«4 Marshlands 
41 Baltimore team, 
inaportspeak 
47 Large copier 
4»mrschofTa*r 

4* Actress Meyers 

ae Polar wear 
as Christopher 
Marlows drama 


Solution to Puzzle of Oct 2 


□ □[BE30 

mum □□nnanga 
□god naa gang 

nnn0 □UBOIQ LDQQQ 

||%^ a 3 SlB aaa 

0Ha g^a E1 D“nn a “aa 
nnmaaaQ ssanana 

aog°^gl aa 


*7 Game keeper? 
sa Western Sahara, 
once 

» They're great on 
Triple Letter 
Scores 
ee Drummer 


* Skye cap 

* Blood tetters 
SConsMBtiOfl 

near Hydra 
4 'Ghosts’ writer 
3 Mind 

* Goya depiction 
7HeBtih-csre 

lobby grp. 

■ St John's 

0900(8 

•aterd stroke 
ie 1945 Roy 
Rogare-CMe 
Evans western 
11 Haffacartoon 

duo 

11 1943 Greer 
Garaon title rale 
latatfcographara 
concern 
i 4 -Chinr 
tf Caicutator 
djsoiay 

*3See24-Oovm 
24W&1 23-Down, 
‘ZOrbethe 
Greek" octrees 

tt-SeoyaT 


ts Out erf harm's 

way 

*7*0 & A* star 

29 Sp. trie 
eoTrestletraeaite 

33 R tor 
asKOOarof 

-Welcome Back. 
KotteT 

34 Ending with 
song 

jBTownNEet 

Bangor 

ae Coveys 

« Two-mito-high 
capital 

43 Not counting, 
with from- 

44 They maybe 
blown m botes 

48 Casing 
4s Dad's rival 
4B Nephrite 

4 * In trouble, in the 
Army 

si Kan , 

ssCfncodeMeyo, 

ag- 

94 Moulds tne 



GiVew York Tunes/EdUed by Will Shorts. 


rsvotutionary 

song) 

» Charged oh 


A Pilgrim’s Path in Norway 


F day trip along the southeastern 

coast of Norway in the foot- ’v-f : ; - 

steps of to 18*-cemmy Britito teititor 

Though she is best koown for her ardent BH| • ' 

craft was also a's^pCTb travel writer, .'.S 

fordgn correspondent and novelist. In- M8 felpl ' 

spired by the Enlightenment, she em- ( i " , ; h > , , . , lp 1 Ji , 

braced toe ideals of the French Rev- 

torchbearer for the En gl^h Romantics 
including her own daughter MaiyWoll- 

Mpy Wollstonecraft in Nor- 

way in early July 1795 disillusioned by Nan^omTmn 

the last stages of toe Frendi Revolution In old Fredrikstad, a preserved 16th-century island town. 
and literally sick with love for an un- 
faithful man, the American writer and artifacts. We were not disappointed. I sunflowers and overgrown grass pok- 
bosinessman Gilbert Imlay. She had quickly found a portrait of red-nosed ing up between may and red boulders, 
agreed to go to Scandinavia on a buai- , Jkxto Wulfeberg, toe Tonsberg maj^ffjartoer out are tysds and black ever- 
ness missfonfwlml^,!®^ whp n |pr Wollstooecif^^c^zg^Jrerp gn&ts and pelting mountains, 

was to tegainxhe passiontawrice:^,^-. Norway’s cgahtanan^uuT»yt5rW«0oijPf vhich Wollstoneauft wrote effus- 

diSoOvered a plaqng tatth la ptianai uivety: “With whafjflgftffiable pleasure 
landed in Norway and spent my 'first ' bowl - from St Aorta’s Chnrch (no’ have I not gazed -^rra^^azed again, - 
morning in an Oslo health clinic, where longer standing), where the author at- losing my breatfc.throogb my eyes.’’ 
a doctor wielding state-of-the-art cal- tended services. But when we’d ex- Her love of nature as well as ideas was 
ibrators and pincers restored my ability hausted toe treasures of toe mnseum, I bringing her back to life, 
to hear. The clinic was well staffed, was at a loss about how to proceed. She had sat daydreaming on this 
attractive and free for all Norwegians. Where was toe stream that Wollstone- hilltop, so we feltit was improper when 
(L however, was charged $145.) craft swam in daily to restore her jtoys- we rushed off to catch a 5 P.M. train. 

I was traveling with a friend who had ic&l strength? Where were toe homes We wished we could have stayed a day 
no particular interest in Wollstonecraft she visited when she overcame her longer, and promised to compensate 
but was eager to exploreNorway’s less- fevers and began making friends? And for the deprivation With a leisurely^ 
er-known southeastern coast Together, what of the little house where she '.dinner when we roached the restaurant' 
we spent our fkst afternoon sightseemg stayed for nearly a month, regaining- - in our hotel m.hsrvife some 40-odd 
m Oslo under a bright May sort. ‘ her confidence and producing some of miles south. 

1 toe most lucid and elegiac writing. of; ’ • 

South to History hex career? Wollstonecraft’s letters ■ mtE remains of Wollstone- 

gave me few geographic clues. . craft’s - 18th-century world in 

By toe next day toe weather had Wondering where to . go next, we Hi large, modem Larvik. After 


1 


By Diane Jacobs 


a doctor wielding state-of-the-art cal- 
ibrators and pincers restored my ability 
to hear. The clinic was well staffed, 
attractive and free for all Norwegians. 
(L however, was charged $145.) 


we spent our first afternoon sightseemg 
in Oslo under a bright May suit. ' 

South to History 


She had sat daydreaming on this 
hilltop, so we fehh was improper when 
we rushed off to catch a 5 P.M train. 
We wished we could have stayed a day 


By toe next day toe weather had 


TITLE remains of Wollstone- 
craft’s -18th-century world in 
large, modem Larvik. After 


turned cold. But wrapped in down par- wandered into toe museum bookshop, Tonsberg, she found her brief stay here 
kas, we boarded a comfortable train for where a serendipitous event occurred, disillusioning “My head turned 
the hoor-and-a-quaiter ride to Fred- My friend called to me, “Look, I’ve round, my heart grew sick, as I re- 
rikstad, where Wollstonecraft had found a book on Mary Wollstone- garded visages deformed by vice,” she 
stopped for the night on her way south, craft!” Just then a petite, white-haired wrote of the lawyers she’d been sent to 
The train sped smoothly past green woman walked in toe door. Her name do business with. She was similarly 


farmland and dense forests of aspens 
and evergreens. 


was Ursula Honge, and she was a tour- disdainful of Hot 
ist guide who had recently created an tate built in -1677 


The meticulously preserved island itinerary for Swedish feminists want- 


disdainful of Hetregarden, a grand es- 
tate built in -1677 for toe Danish gov- 
ernor Gyldenlove. The exterior is 


town of old Fredrikstad is worth a visit ing to see toe sites Wollstonecraft vis- simple wood and looks Norwegian, 


on its own account. Three minutes by bed during her Tonsberg stay. Houg 
ferry from the modem city, this 16th- had spent six months researching a 


while toe inside is a hodgepodge of 
Continental styles. Wollstonecraft dis- 


century fortress retains its moat, draw- the local history about the author’s paraged Herregarden as the overly op- 
bridges and barracks. Around the • visit. nlent estate of indifferent foreign 


cobblestoned central square stand toe 
sort of traditional shingled wood 
Norwegian homes, capped with 
jaunty red-tile roofs, that toe author 
admired. 

A shopkeeper explained that 
Fredrikstad looks much as it did in 
Wollstonecraft’s era, when mer- 
chants lived in the stone houses by 
the ferry stop. And while we seemed 
to be toe only visitors this windy , 
afternoon, Fredrikstad is a favorite 
summer tourist stop. Hence, a 1567 
stone wine cellar has been trans- 
formed into Peppe's. Pizzeria, with 
children’s toys lurking in its ancient 
niches and “Real American Pizza” 
emblazoned on the menu. The goat 
cheese special was first rate. 

The next day we headed off on the 


So we saw everything — from Wall- rulers. But I was amused by this < 
: — -. -:vro\ , manmad e showpiece, boldly 


NORWAY 


.Bergen- 
^ ✓ t 


\ 


off the serene fjords down the road. 
. A guide in peasant costume led os 
. through the grand halls and bed- 
, zooms filled with marble and gold, 
■ which in fact area ’tmarble and gold 
• at all, but wood cleverly finished. 


s s*: 

" Rtoori 


mf ■« ’ A _ GYa? h . ZRRCEACULAR TRAIN RIDE LcaV- 

Wsotr ‘ r r». * ing Larvik, we sped toward our final 

.f v v ■ two days ofrestmraral tranquillity, 

i M The farther south we traveled, toe 

more extreme the Norwegian land- 
^ scape became. This last train ride 
'-V Vr: was our most spectacular. Rocks 
jutted higher,, toe trees grew taller, 
.. The New yo* "nines the Qczds clamored more tinmder- 
sranecraft’s swimming rivulet, on toe ously as we headed down the coast Of 


The next day we headed off on the outskirts of town, where residents still her voyage from Larvik to Risor, Woll- 
longest leg of our journey, from Bed- travel to collect the best-water, to the stoneoaxt wrote two centuries ago: 
rikstad to Tonsberg. ft’s no distance at great yellow mansion of the Earl of ‘The view of this wild coast, as we 
all as the crow flies, but toe train, boat Jarisberg, who invited toe author id sailed along it, afforded me a continual 
and bus ride required took half the day. dine. I was j^articnlariy pleased when subject for meditation. I anticipated toe 
Gearing around on toe tourist-friendly Houge identified a beautiful, old red future improvement of toe world and 
west coast is considerably simpler, but wooden building as toe home of Woll- observed how much man had still to do, 
we enjoyed being pioneers — partic- stonecraft’s Bench expatriate friends, to obtain of toe earth all it could 


all as the crow flies, but toe train, boat Jarisberg, who invited toe author id 
and bos ride required took half the day. dine. I was particularly pleased when 


Gating around on toe tourist-friendly 
west coast is considerably simpler, but 
we enjoyed being pioneers — partic- 
ularly when our rickety bus took a sud- 
(fcnmrdi, revealing a coastline of jutting 
rocks and logs swooshing down a fien»- 
blne §ord toward a paper factory. 


wooden building as the home of Woll- observed how much man had still to do, 
stonecraft’s Bench expatriate friends, to obfain of the earth all it could 
who sat with her on their porch wist- yield.” 

folly singing songs of the French Rev- Now a popular summer resort, Risor 
ohition. But the high point of the af- consists of about a hundred houses, all 
temoon came when we parked in toe white, that twist through toe boulder- 

a. .1 a fin. j i.. j ti „.l — * ” r a • 


poorer section of town and wandered filled land like bleachers. We arrived on 
ONSBERG, Norway's oldest along the water to toe oldest house in . a cold, clear nighLWe draped our bags 


settlement, was where Woll- Tonsberg (circa 1720). 


at ora hotel and began climbing a steep 


pies? weeks 


stonecraft spent her three hap- Houge toki us this was thought to be embankment, then stopped at a large, 
weeks in Scandinavia. “Yon wrn Wollstonecraft’s wooden cottage. The rock painted whiteintoe 27to century to 


be surprised to hear me talk of liberty," _ . 

she wrote Imlay, “yet toe Norwegians original building, and gazing at toe The fjord below was intensely b 

appear to me to be toe most freecom- long, white-trimmed windows, I could We^ wereencircled by tiny islands. " 
m uni ty I have ever observed.” There nearly imagine her writing inside. boats and browxr-fedbexed swans" 
was no primogeniture, no feudalism; Ora final stop was at Slotisfjcllet in toe harbor. Here I felt toe pj 
all the fanners tilled their own y ma li Park where Wollstonecraft sat and imagine Maty Woflaonecrafy found, 
plots of land, and imprisonment was mused near tire battered remains of a escaping ev eryda y ftfe and 
crimes only, she r ep or t e d ' 13tb-centuiy castle. The rare regional - toe larger picture. 


thick logs at toe bade are from the show saifes toe way to the port 
original building, and goring at toe The fjord below was intensely b 


plots of land, and imp risonment was mused near the battered remains of a esc 
for major crimes only, sire reported ' 13th-century castle. The rare regional - toe 


The Vestfold FyDcesmuseum (Folk laced with leafiike marks, from an an- 
Museum), 1 had been told, contained a dent volcano. The sweeping park is 
superb collection of Norwegian art and filled with dandelions the size of email 


Diane Jacobs, who is 
*iis%rThe NewYork 7i 













PAGE 12 


1NTERNAXI0XAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY. OCTOBER 3, 1997 


faumf 2 


2„|.j ft ft THE INTERMARKET 


-S' +44 171 420 0348 




RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE 


SPAIN 


Real Estate Services 


Stf (33^330(3 



87 Ft / 26.50 M PILOTHOUSE CUTTER 

Dfilened In Roa Holland & built of Aluminium. regtteiwi in 1986. 

1 \hq Detroit 1 19 Hp Diesels aith bundersiad variable pitch propellers 
Tm \ortbern Lights Generaiore 
Arran • 9 In three cabins plus 3 crew in two cabins 
Aim ndl-eqaipped ocean cruising yarhL lying for sale in Mallorca. Spain 

Fur marv information please imlact: 

Hit Network Group 

Tel: (IH 71) -W3HU3 - Pax: 13-1 71) 400216 
, E-Mail: ndwnrk@aHas4ap.i.y . 


YOU OWN A PROPERTY H FRANCE! 
Ora senna s cower in y« absence 
. Maintenance, cteartng, gardening, repairs 
MbiHV d Uk. government taes-ftc 
PLEASE DO AOT HESTATE TO 
CONTACT US FOR MORE DETAILS 
FAX +33 {DM GO SG 94 34 
Ttt -133 m 50 85 35 35 
7 Domains da Cram F>74iffl Bosssy 


FOR FREQUENT TRAVELERS wishing 
to lam their hose attended, mffiaiy 
engineer (already Hal owner) proposes 
periods of reskfercs tor any taogft, 
canvsrm to Die pnpriaus in tin fats 
area Fax: -33 (0)1 46 45 29 58. 

ARE YOU LOOKING FOR PROPERTY 
to the Cattmkfc? Contact Associated 
Real Estate Tot +44 (0) 1242 238 670 
or +44 fO) 973 721 427 


LHHJHLA - ALA5SN3. H A H1LY AREA 
a prestigious 1920 English vlBa Of 350 
sqm win aaaarfar panoramic newol 
the lay. Lounge, studio, dHng room, 
unity mom, liveable idelwn, 3 bath- 
rooms, 6 bedrooms. Spactoos mem 

garden of abaft 1700 sq.ni. Price USS 
i HOODOO. Direa deaton rib owner (tax 
otfy) 00 39 2 <98 38 80. 

NORTH OF ITALY, 00 tan ban VentaaT" 
Luuy vfls. sal In the cam d a 3.COO 
san part. 350 sqm. of firing area Tel 


GREAT BRITAIN 


Collingham 
Serviced Apartments 

are simaicd fa a qtrfca Residential 
stmt in South Kensington. 

We ufln i+ jpattreem*' ranging 
Irrun to IxdnxHns. 

Lrch jjtinroent ha» u fullv enuippoi 
kiiiiwa reception Mufc) 
K+vK-oJirlliit: TV. 

2a h'Xir reccrtion «ilh fax 
and Liunarv service. 

The perfect aftenuinv to Hold 
accommodation lor ihe v biting 
family nr businos person. 
O.imparaibe raievpnvtty and ideal 
locution. Krtichbbndfle. Museums. | 
and the Extilbiim Halls at Eads 
court Olympia make Collingham I 
Gardens die ideal home from home. 

for rate and famdm please cneact 
2M7 Collmtam GsderoUndaa SWS OHN 
Teh 01 71 -2444677 . f JE 01 71-244-7331 


SWITZERLAND 


UniqM opportunity 
for sal*.. V].'" 

GSTAAD 

150 ra next to the 
Gstaad Palace Hotel 

CHALET 

4 bedrooms independent apt. 
for staff. Very ww-keat large 
garden with beautiful trees. 
Totally 2,295 m 2 of land. 

Rir further Infmwztliu phwf* cnnbtct 

Agency CAE Ihdtjbal Estate/ 

Pnkjce-strtasa, 3^90 Gsfciad. 

id. 033 744 26 . 


FRANCE 


PRESTIGIOUS ADDRESS in PARIS 

fy/tMV <_ "kvMUe 
(private lane) 

LUXURIOUS RENOVATIONS in 
HISTORICAL TOWNHOUSE 
120 sq.m, apartment 
160 sqjn. apartment 

lid + 33 (0> 1 44 55 50 00 
Fax + 33 (O) 1 42 60 55 91 


GERMANY 


Manor House near DOsmUxI. appr. 400 
sqm. firing spam t various arras, rep. 
»DOO sqm pkxolland Ideal tar lw» breed- 
ing. Price DU 3D MB. 

Country Home on fte Rhine. near Duesetaort. 
appr. 400 sqm fivng space, 1.000 sqm pM 
at land, houy dscor. Price 0U 2D ML 
Luxurious VBa new gol couse with annex 
buMig, near OsnabtOck. appr. 288 sqm Iv- 
ng space, IOjOOO sqm ptot of land. Wee 
DM 1 JH ML Afpfces +345 % carmsskn 
Rflhl Rael Esteln, Fox +49-2836-79 EG — 


SWITZER LAN D 


GRYON/SWITZERLAND 


FOR RENT, 
big and friendly 
CHALET, 

_ ... 24 beds.. . 


Real Estate 
for Sale 


RfO DE JANBR0, BRAZIL 

GATH) COMKMTY ESTATE 
2 acre boms, exthaive nagHwhood 
adjaesnt bom goll couse. Han resi- 
dence. 3 bedrwmsfoaths. firing mom. 
dining mom. modem uchen, large 
covered patio with bartreque, pool & 
ganta Separate guesthouse w#h 3 tod- 
rooml 2 bath, sauna, bar. Separate 
biding has t bedroonVbaih tar lue-tn 
beta- irmnerSata occupancy. Contiguous 

S ett fruit trees and law 
tar adtSrionsi horns. Contact 
Krista in U.S. 1202) 659-3000 ExL 11. 
or by FAX £02) 2234108 USA 


French Provinces 


LOIRE vafey-CASTlE COUNTRY 

In a darning viage wih al amentias, 
tffffl CENT. HOME rift 2 living roams 
(800 sqJU study, 3 bedrooms. >2 Mrs. 
central heaim mini condition, tasteta* 
dnmrrisiL Can be sail finished or 
partially funded. MUST SEE Enclosed 
garden rift nortond trees bebtag a 
French Iran gas. Owner FF1D5QD00. 
Tel/Fax +33 (Op 54 20 19 74 
ask tor Claude 


BURGUNDY 

AUXERRE REGION (FRANCE) 

160 km from PARIS 
Siq»t> XVhBi certuy properly a 
700 sqm firing space an 6 he land, 
swkreiriig pod. tenw, pah. SOtMrae 
orchard. oaJ^ra^XBhra^d^a 1 

Ptaa caretakers' oottage and ouftukfings. 
_ . ■ Price F 3.000,00a Wile to: 
Doctor EnJmy, Usrry, 

88230 MONTTGWYtA-flESLE(FR4NCE) 
<•- or 4 *one alter flpm^+33 (0)3 8641 8528 


VaiCE DrightM spadous brigM 8a on 
he Grudecca Top 2r«Od Bans, inctad- 
ing shyEgfre studo + private real terrace 
overtaking lagoon. Antique furnished. 
Fax +3941 714 571 Em* 
r.maflveneitiroi 

VOICE - Apertnert on fflAMJ CANAL 
between Accademta Bridge & Palazzo 
Grass! - 145 sqm - USS500.000. Bffi. 
0404, IHT. 92521 Nasty Cadet, Franca 

London 

BEAUX ARTS BUILDING, IsHigtan ft?. 
1st toar maisonette 2 double bertooms. 
2 britnoms, dressing room, drug, 2 ra- 
ceplkHi rooms, fitted kflehen. covered 
parking, porter, gymnasium and fits , 
commmal gardens. 1042 sq fL 123 yre 
lease. £ 24&000 1-44) 0171 286 3975 

HOHESEAHCti LONDON Let us 
search tor you. Wb And homes l fiats 
to buy and rent and pmtie corporate 
relocation services. For individuals 
and companies. Tet +44 171 B38 
1066 Fax + 44 171 838 1077 
npi/wm.tKirnesearctun uk/hom 


Paris aid Suburbs 


18th ETOLE KLEBER 
Stado. uraca balcony. 
latlETOlE GRANDE ARIfEE 
5 moms, balcony. 140 sqm 
IttETOILE VBTOn HUGO 
5 me ins, balcony, 165 sqm 
16th QUA) l&WCDT 
105 sqm. 7th Boor, balcony 
lethQUAI KENNEDY 
7 moms, 210 sqm., neriy redone 
18th BONTMAHTHE 
Duta, 80 sqm terrace, view Paris 
18tti nSCE du TBrntE 
2 moms, 40 sqm RARE 

biuno Prestige 

Tat (tyl 44 69 07 37 Fax 44 6B 87 38 


15 NX i 15 KM WEST OF PARIS by 
Ihe A14. 2D mfii St Lazare statroa Very 
bearaiki 1958 UOOBWET house. 240 
sqm hug space on 2,000 sqm. garden 
ft private domain LuxwtausMrns 60 
sqm bug targe Septa, bay wraows 
taring South, terraces, 4 bedrooms, 2 
bafts. 2 dmera. Offlce. Room wih ja- 
cuzzt i sauna. Outdoor heated swim- 
ming poaL Private quy on Seine. Water 
string, god. OuoL GrBerwy. QuaSty 
Be styte. Near shops. USSB50.000. Tet 
NY 2U 219 8565 Fax NY 212 965 1346 
Rk Pars 01 39 75 74 94 


AVE GEORGE V 

,. VERY HIGH CLASS 255 SQJL 
Triple receplon, 3 beftooms. 
paring, makfs mom. ExcbsMy 
Atma Immo Tut (0)1 40 70 95 10 
Rax +33 (0)1 40 70 95 20 



THE 

FRENCH 

MAGAZINE 

FOR 

PRESTIGIOUS 
REAL ESTATE 


1) l\ M K i: II E s & 


FOR SALE, all over France: more than 300 
chateaux, residences, vineyards, houses with 
character, estates on the French Riviera. 

For each advertisement: 

- a minimum of one color photo. I 

- a detailed description in French and English. i 

You will receive the last issue by air mail by 
sending your business card and check for US$15 or 
£8 to: 

DEMEURES ET CHATEAUX 
19230 POMPADOUR - FRANCE 


SALES | COTE D'AZUR 

■ ■ ■ — Owner sds bukfinq preiecl wUi 

autturtz&on lor 27 note GOLF on 
84 hectares & real eorae on 38 nectaras 
wih 20500 sqm Mng specs 
URGENT - SEEK EXCLUStVE AGENTS 
bi Swtositand. Austria, Germany, 

FRENCH ra VIERA Benelux. Engtand, Sweden. 

500 m allude T«t +33 (C ; 94 6B 77 91. 

dose to (Brian border Fac +33 ^4 94 69 77 19. 

EXCffTlONAL LOCATION 

FACWG SOUTH 

OLD FARMHOUSE Cannes ■ south of France 

entirehr renovated 160 sqm + 50 aqm. BaaraM spadous PENTHOUSE, 

sutnria lor renovawi. 2 hectares aft» 253 sqm. - ftbutous views ovataokkig 

trees, fcuK trees. vhByanfc, qrtiq sea 8 stands Huge terraces 135 sqm 

Uoumaxi landscape Bid forests. Inckring partly covered area, bfa garage 

T4L +33 (£1)4 83 04 42 16 ♦ storage facSBes. FrajBO.ffiO 

Wh independent studio: FfiLGOO,OOQ 
Tslfix 433 (0)4 93 M 67 63 


NICE, near UNIVERSITY and Sophia 
Anftnls freeway. Chartered accauBan 
sefis 200 sq.m pretriset. Vary Mgh 
class (air conditioning, wleo security, 
network cable + Nomas and Monel) 
For financial investment or shov-wto- 
dowtffos. tto Cota d’Azur haadquar- 
lerasubskfciy location lor mtamatnnal 
company USSTOQ.OOO. Very reduced 
fees possWe. on location management. 
MAKE OFFER cn Fax +33|0)4 93520092 

HtSTOBC RIVERA GARDEN QA9S 20 
mm Monaco. 15 min Italy. 15 acres * 
Rmera's most tearful botated gankn 
& pool aisa SiqKib 4-tetihmm 18th 
cent. mas. 2 -bedoom guest house 
Ottered al 30% below value lor rapxl 
salt Tet 377 93 50 5fl 31 

GRASSE, n hkft ctats residBve, pari, 
pool term 75 sqm. fiat, 3 rooms, baft, 
IVC. equipped ttften. hgh dass Kings, 
ar condtamg, greaga, cater. Very qitat 
4ft no floor, terraces. F695D00. Owe’ 
+330)660230585- (Oil 69060482 

RIVERA'S MOST ELEGANT HOME 
nan Royals S Opto gof. Estop Grasse's 
18ft cent 6-berioom pafazzn dcmlrratag 
to Bop site, serene untoucha ble vie ws. 
Lovely pool S gaiden Tel 377 93508931 

HAUTS DE ST PAUL DE VENCE. dom- 
nariwrg estate. 300 sqm, 2,600 sqm. 
pan Pod. wih mependanl apanmen. 


CAP FERRAT 

Modem nb, pool terraces - FFHl 

wator^ rite gy^FFitii 

Magnfod water edge «w vlfrfF32M 

HAUSSKANN Group 

Tut +33 (0)4 82 00 49 45 
Fta+33 (0)4 8389 40 86 


CAP FERRAT, supertfy ptscad beautful 
vfe epartmert. 3 0e4Miis, 3 baths, big 
string S dning, fireptace, tody garden, 
paws Huge partdng, conciaga. Rem 
posJria Tat owner +33 (0)4 937b 1028. 


FRENCH RIVEiA 

ta Fiance dose to Monaco and 200m 
Irom Ihe MortfrCarto Casino Ganfent 
New apafloHfs ■ Direct davetapsr Iran 
FF969500 tor 1-bedoom ftat to 
FF2J60JXM tar a 2-tadroom penftousa 
Tet +377 83 30 52 26 
Fffl +377 93 15 92 OB 


5 onto MCE AKPOfTT, ST. IT. labour 
French banker owner sefis luxurious 
4-room 96 Bqm fid + 300 sq.m, su- 
mming exotic garden, 2 baths, lags 
equipped Idtchen. -cellar. 2 garages. 
FFI.7M. Tet +33 [0)4 93 07 50 42. 
AflUble NOW, QUIET LOVELY PLACE 


FR9SOQOO LVC Tefox M 33202244 

CANNES, seafront 130 sqjn luxunous 
fiat -.raw. pod. tar trig Brace s, presti - 
gets residence. Td'Fax (DM 91227927 


SOUTH PEfBGORD 
UDftJRY MANOR HOUSE 
655 sqm. - 14 moms - scufttedreone 
window & fireptace, modem consbuctior 
& cartons, fsgh class filing*, perfect 
condfion. Unspded Mop view. Noftln 
appoete. Drsaed heficapter access. Wm 
4 ha pari and 16 ha fares all arand. 
USS1250D00. Fex 33 WS 53 « 63 92 


NUMARIUS France 
Specataed In rea aaas toettments 
proposes- Mas 8 BasUdes in Provence. 
New and ok) revenua 
g en erati ng buttns. 

Fax +33(OHM7B0138Td 0)460780797 


MEHHtBES LUBERON 
Unique tocatton ffastarfcai alto, 160 sqm. 
living space. Landscaped garden. Pool 
For detata fat owner +33M4422S&14. 


PROVENCE: AD Write <jt. piOPflllK. 
Please ask tar Mrs Wagner Agent* 
Auqufer. F-S4210 St Dllsr. Tel: +33 
(0)4 90 68 07 53 Fax (0)4 90 M 12 35 

VAR : Large vfBa under GORstructian 
(260 sqm), super b tocatto n. quin, SW 
rttads, 6D00 sqm gardens, 5 inn vfiago 
30 mfal coast EES.000 +33(®4 942B44W 


Monaco 


MONACO NEW LUXUFfY BULDK 
Large 2 -tadroom apartment wkh top 
dass anwttes & treanathg saws. 

FFlljOQDOQ al Industve 

TN +377 93 30 52 28 Fta 93 15 92 09 


PRMOPALJTY OF MONACO 
The puftcBl retd socai stabfly. 

fte geographic straon. 
tie etfWerri prosedton d both 
people and assets as ml as 
attain lax taw make Monaco 

THE DEAL LOCATION FOR LUXURY 
UVKG AND NTERNAT10NAL 
BUSINESS ACTIVITIES 

R> more ftfamwitan ai 
REAL ESTATE NVESTMEfflS, 
and SET7TC UP BU3NES5 
please carriad : 

BJWW TASCffi - QNOCONTACT 
Tet +377 93 S 51 22 
Fax +377 92 18 17 00 


SUPERB APARTMENT, 240 Sail.. 
Parftous e duple x, pct otamic se a view 
and mountains, large reception room, 

3 bedrooms, 3 bafts, age My 
Wed kfchen. partly, dirty room, 
guest dressing room, targe tenace and 
loggias 140 sqm, 2 raters, 2 garages. 

BtreaiEDiA 
Tet +377 93 50 66 84 
Fare +37793 50 45 52 


HHACULATELY REFURBISHED at a 
cost d FF7 Mrifion - SPECTACULAR 
APARTliarT - 388 sqm nth p ano ra mic 
vfew ot the MrefiMraneen, mountains 
and Monaco. Ample preMng and storage: 
ONE OF THE PREMIER PROPERTIES 
AVAILABLE FOR SALE IN MONACO 
TODAY. Reduced transfer faea. Fa sale 
by owner at a reafette price. Cat +33 
(0)6 OB 37 03 04 or (D)6 60 96 08 00 
or Fax +377 93 25 75 36. 


MONACO, RARE FOR SALE Vfe 350 
sqm, 3 Bvfng rooms. 4 bedrooms, 4 
baths, stuty, kfchen. hdretendent studo, 
200 sqm garden, barbecue, bar, 2-car 
parage, new on pad- sunny. AG. 
LE ZDDIAQUE Tet +377 S3 50 53 02 
Fax +37? 92 16 14 6G 


RENTALS 


COTE D'AZUR NEAR CANNES 

Magnrifcert Ittqp vHa. 

Sea trim. 3 dnftte & 2 akngfe tietf- 
raoms, al nm bah. Saloq arisfB 
studo, play room ate. Pool and targe 
gadn Separate staff cottage, 
fine +33 (D}4 B3 64 54 87 for Drachm. 


ANTIBES, funsted, Inin Jan. 1st 1998. 
ctomiig via. Easy access A8 1 Sophia 
Arftpoto. 4 bedraomsM bafts, huge 
American ktehen, lenucos. pool/sA 
FFI5fl30SJO. Tflffia +33(0)4 93679065 


CAP CANTBES - Naer teaches & gotif. 
Outstanding vita wttl pod. Sleeps 7, 
4 bedrooms, 2 bafts. Air conflbning. 
sun%, garden. Al year rantaL T* owner 
+33 |0)493816Q21. Far (0)483617863. 


PARIS Wft ■ HEAR RADIO FRANCE & 
5 tons to K6c hCN 4 3sua ci 'JXfS. 
6ft tor. 79 sqm. tfctite arag. 2 tad- 
rates, sroa terrace & treaty Brrcp- 
Itonai '.331 budang and 
•Paousccf athJectafa. Lsed fzssrcs 
moitumeni US3E-.3M. fto wsri cas‘ 
owrer on +33 |0;i 4233 7933 alter 7 jD 
pm or Fax +33 ®i 45 23 25 30 
afleiftav Fr&sas Soutfter 

MONTMARn&AaBESSES. scmcra 
tanner anH aefer on 3 terefa entirety 
and faBU 7 restores 2 yeas ago. 70 
sqm. fivmg room mater glass roof (7m 
hgh caring), i tartans 2 ta3s study 
mezzaute. big firreriace. uchea lute 
equiHKd. very steny. afi STOSS axuna 
Fnee: rFA.m. Te+ Office: -33011 
•0 52 44 01 Kane +3K,JC62ee 


PARIS 16th 

Near TROCADERO i PLACE VICTOH 
HUGO 7CW - VSTY F6GH CLASS 
Beautful 2-room 54 sqm., Inch tor 
DEAL TIED A TBffiP. CAar and 
parking JUSTIFIED PRICE 
C0GB3U(O)1 41 OS 30 30 

MAGNfRCENT txxsa 320 sqm, daubte 
faring room, fireplace 5 bedrooms. 3 
bafts, fitness roan, spa, sauna. ferp^O 
sqm pool 35 min sorth d Pars, cfcse 
to Foniansbleaii. sn 4 800 sq m trad- 
ed property wih cetnn otobees. pri- 
vate quays d Sene n 3 04. Private 
owner Tet * 33 (Oil 60 69 17 17 

PO HT MARL Y - 78. school tas rfctti lo~ 
Memauonat lyceom. sefc charming an- 
pert 200 sqm house, renovated. 2200 
sqm tfucea. Living, riming room, 
equipped kitchen, tag wrinw. 4 bed- 
rooms. 2 baths. 2 Wfcs, 1 finen room, 
rater, s to reroom. 70 sqm. oribukfing to 
renovate. FF2.7M. Teh +33<?13SIHS55 


CfiOGSYSUR SEINE 

11 new houses 3 S 4 bedrooms, wfii 
garden, near center and RER. high dass 

a Fron FF IJBtyjQB 
ID. Tet fWl 3 76 59 65 


LOUVRE - RIVCMJ 

(PARIS 1st) bong museira. dh too®, 
race 7-room, goad lay-out, charm, sun. 
NOTAHE (BI 44 77 37 63 


EJKSTIOfIMEL MONTPARNASSE 
224 earn. rteplBx wih artist’s teeter, 
txigrt, Hie garden + feme maxTs room, 
quite Tetpi 42 56 07 14 


01 EXCEPTIONAL SURROUNDINGS, an 
greenery. HOUSE IN PARIS facing 
soidi. 10D sqm, 2 bedrooms, acetert 
condfton + private courtyard + cater 
BuUngof 1 more lard posetate FF3M. 
Tel +33 (ffll 45 80 46 40 Vttn avrtMe 

SAMT MAUDE, Metro fine 1. 100 sqm 
tet character, simy. fldy renovteBd and 
decorated, targe living. 2 bedrooms, 
equtoed Uchen. TetFax +33 10)1 43 74 
15 79 EmaA rnrardutfckAHreaneUr 

NEULLY - BARRES. 25 sqm STUDO” 
wth smri ranted, aaixftoor N^i dass 
boldng wijn goardbr & security, quite 
FF7SO.OOO. OWCR +33 pi 4256 3707 
Fax +33 pi 45612596 law 47571400 

NEUtliY HOULE, 2 roams, with bay 
wnfcms on gataen. 4ft Ika. terraces + 
parking, modem buifng. FFl.ffi0.000. 
Tet 06 60 49 58 52 

LUXURIOUS Rat overicoJong Val de 
Grace gardens, near PartlBon. TO sqm, 
sury, very quite FF i JM plus parting. 
Tet + 33 (0) 1 45 89 4 9 7a Pse 5th 

16th, LONGCHAHP-VICTOR HUGO, 
wel toertad, brighl 4th fioor apartment in 
doracter brrifing. dorfe fining room, 2 
bedrooms (postoe 3), Wrftervbraatei 
room & bath Maids room & cedar. 
FF2590.00Q Tet pi 44 05 14 50 

16th NORTH Trocadero, ave Georges 
Mendel. Presdgjou* beaUW townhouse 
+ garden, garages - pi 47 04 44 55 

7th Mo BAC, atxxi 75 sqm, 15 beds on 
ooutyste Hgh erdtogs. beams, chamtog 
saw S420C Tetter +33 pi 4555 4456 

CHAMPS aYSEES, LARGE STUDIO, 
comfotiabia. high floor, new, sumy. 
Tat + 33 P i 45 62 93 3Z 

NEAR DSNEYUUD, 158 sqm house. 
976 sqm. land Soto by owner. FI EM 
Tet +33 pi 60 48 32 88, Per 8pm 


GENERAL 


See Saturday’s Interxmrt-fcc* 

for Arts, Friendships, Internal] unal 
Meeting Paint, Nannies A Domesdcs. 
To advtrtitr contact Sarah Wcnbol 
no +44 171 420 0326 
or Tax +44 171 420 0338 
A CHEAT DEAL HAPPENS 
AT T11E INTER MARKET 


Personals 


THANKS to the Sacred Heal at Jesus 
and Saint Jude (or Prayara Answered. 
RFK + ANK& 


URGENT: US gkl to RantuiRte France 
seeks recontact wtai Fkxfafai man met 
h London 24109. Fte +33(0)1 3483 2449 


Announcements 


- BARBIE ASM 

AU 3 OCTOBRE 1997 
Pitx Hors TVA en devise bate 
(traduction daponlfe eurdenande) 
Ranttecs tas bmemes anuriwc 

FRANCE (zona C) en FH - TVA 20G% 
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SW; 5,38 SC8P: 5^4 

IK (zone Bj an 71 • TVA 173% (tot 8%) 
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ALLE1UGNE (zona I) DUI -TVA 15% 
ZONE 7 • G : 

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BINE II -F: 

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20NE7V-F: 

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BELGIQUE M Wl -TVA 21% 

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SCOT. 1,968 SCSP: 1,915 

LUXEMBOURG enLUFA- TVA 1» 

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SCOT: 103,45 SCSP 107-59 
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top residence. Spectacular news. 2 
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Switzerland 


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3 bedrooms, 3 bafts, mut condition. 
Baautltirt and private pool & patio. Cal 
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USA or E-Mat bmhassocCaoLoom 


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Real Estate 
for Rent 


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* FRIDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1997 RACE 18 



WorldCom Chief: 
The Next Telecom 
Revolutionary? . 


By Steve Lohr 

New York Tuna Service 


«,i^L YQRK — ® e niardEbbas, die blunt, folksy 54-year- 
-S1S2 c ?« , *ive of WoddCom Inc. is an entrepreneurial 
ot the telccommonications revolution setoff by tbe 
breakup of AT&T Cop. just over a dozen years ago. 

- 1150 ,*° become had of die foarth-Iargcst U.S. long- 
5 s ™* telephone company is a testimony to the oppeff- 

by opening die long-distance HiaAfi 

, die unlikely trajectory of Mr. Ebbers’s careen A 

high school basketball coach in the early 1970s, he went into 
mote l business and then invested in a email . nearly 

- bankrupt long-distance reseller in the mid-1980s. 

Since then, Mr. Ebbers has strong together roughly 50 
acquisitions to make WorldCom a $ 7 billion ^a-year company 
— - one in a powerful position to compete m the current 
* telephone business and poised for the fatane as the I nterne t an d 
_ telephone communications converge. 

Now, with his $30 bflHon bid for MCI Communications 
Carp., Mr. Ebbers is pursuing the second-biggest km g -dis- 
tom* carrier — and the company that forced die AT&T 
breakup. The antitrust suit brought in 1974 by MCI and its 
founder, William McGowan, and later joined by the Justice 
. ' Department eventually brought about tbe dismantling of the 
X 1 —Bell telephone system and opened, up the long-distance market 
to competition. 

At mat time, MCE was the revolntionary of the tele- 
communications industry. 

Today, WorldCom has a similar look, though in a dif fe rent 
-context 



executives regard as the future — die inevitable push of die 
digital technology of the Inter net fnm die traditional tele- 
communications business. 

That is why WorldCom, as a fast-moving company on the 
. frontiers of telecn mnmnieatin iM, has been caQedby analysts 
“the communications company of the future” and it is why 
Mr. Ebbers has been compared to MCTs Mr. McGowan, who 
died in 1992. 

“Bemie Ebbers is the Bill McGowan of today,” said 
Howard Anderson, managing director of foe Yankee Group, a 
research firm in Boston. 

The early signs of die digitization of telecommunications 
are already evident, mainly in the business market Companies 
are big buyers of so-called data services, in which electronic 

See EBBERS, Page 14 


Still No. 2 

Based on 1997 first- 
quarter revenues, MC! 
Communications and 
WorldCom would 
together control a 
quarter of the tong- 
Ostance telephone 
market, but MCI would 
remain a distance 
second to AT&T. 

Some: Fedenl Conm un c a bonB Commis s ion 



Sprint 9% 


WorldCom’s Shares Rise on Bid for MCI 


CtH^tdbjOvSt^Fn^Dbpadia 

NEW YORK — Shares of World- 
Can Inc. were sharply higher Thursday 
on optimism that the company’s $33.88 
billion offer, for MCI Communications 
Cop. would be accepted. 

WoridCom’s shares were at $37.75, 
up $3375. Investors expect Worid- 
Com’s offer, which surpasses a com- 
r- peting agreement between MCI and 
British Telecommunications PLC by al- 
• _ most $10 a share, to be completed. 

“There’s no one in the world who 
^ wouldn’t want to trade in a pig for a 
stallion,” said William Vogel, analyst 
"at Montgomery Securities Inc. “The 
deal stands on its own two feet” 

In Singapore, meanwhile, a World- 
Com executive said the company's am- 
bitions extended further than the MCI 
deal and could encompass aggressive 
expansion in Asia, which foe executive 
described as “our new playground.” 

The company’s deputy chairman, 
John Porter, was in Singapore to an- 


nounce a partnership with SembCoip., a 
local conglomerate, and the state- 
owned railway system Singapore MRT 
Ltd. to bid for a license to operate a 
national fixed-line telephone network 
beginning in April 200(1 

He said WorldCom would grow 
quickly and would consider invest- 
ments in all Asian markets. 

“We look at Asia as a major growth 
region in the telecommunications in- 
dustry, if not the major growth region,’’ 
Mr. Porter said. 

Cohn Williams, bead of WorldCom’s 
international division, said the company 
expected to move into many Asian mar- 
kets over the coming years, using what 
he described as its lead in data com- 
munications and the Internet. 

WorldCom owns UUNet Technol- 
ogies, die world’s biggest Internet ser- 
vice provider, and recently bought 
CompuServe Corp. 

Neither BT nor MCI has said bow it 
will respond to Wednesday’s offer. 


MCTs board discussed the WorldCom 
offer at its regular meeting Wednesday , 
but the directors have not said when 
they will next meet, said Judith Whit- 
taker, Hallmark Cards Inc/’s general 
counsel and an MCI director.' 

Shares of other telecommunications 
companies also rose as investors took an 
optimistic view of how a WorldCom- 
MCI merger would affect competition 
in the global industry. 

France Telecom, Deutsche Telekom 
AG and Sprint Corp. of the United 
States are linked in foe Global One 
alliance, which competes with AT&T 
Corp.’s Worldpanneis and would be a 
rival of tiie proposed MC3-BT link. 

If the WorldCom offer for MCI suc- 
ceeds, it would dwarf Global One in foe 
United States. But if foe merger broke 
the MCI link with BT, Global One 
would have better coverage of two key 
European markets, France and Ger- 
many, analysts said. 

( Reuters, Bloomberg, AFX) 


Risk Arb itragers Are Lying Low on This Deal 


By Sharon R. King 

New York Timer Service 


NEW YORK — Speculators who bet 
on takeovers are usually gleeful when 

■ they see a new deal, and their reaction to 
WorldCom ’s surprising $30 billion bid 
for MCI Communications was no ex- 

r ceptjon. 

Their glee helped push shares of both 

. _ MCI and WorldCom higher Thursday, a 
day after the bid 

But this group of high-stakes in- 
vestors, who are known on Wall Street 
as risk arbitragers, also reacted cau- 
tiously as they assessed the deal. 

One reason, several said, was that 
there were still doubts about the vi- 
ability of the offer, especially since it 

■ could take some time before it was clear 
tf WorldCom can wrest MCI away from 


British Telec ommuni cations PLC. 

Bat another reason is that many spec- 
ulators apparently lost a lot of money 
when they bet on foe successful 
takeover of MCI by British Telecom 
and were then upended when the British 
company reduced its bid for MCI in 
August by 22 percent. 

“A lot of times when arbs get burned, 
they don’t want to see a dal again,” 
said Eric Longmire, research director at 
Wyser-Pratte & Co., a longtime player 
in takeover stocks. 

“Let’s just say you’re XYZ invest- 
ment banker and yon took a $100 mil- 
lion loss on MCI, and you're fighting for 
your job,” Mr. Longmire said. “Do you 
think you can go back to your boss and 
say, ‘We should buy it again’? No, 
fie going to lay low.” He said his 
did not boy MCI shares after 


Wednesday’s bid by WorldCom. 

Arbitragers buy tbe stocks of target 
companies after a takeover has bon 
announced, but while there is some 
doubt whether the deal will be com- 
pleted. They hope to make money as the 
shares of the target rises. They can also 
try to profit on a decline in the stock of 
the would-be acquirer. 

“If s still a proposal, not a deal,” said 
a risk arbitrager who spoke on the con- 
dition that neither be nor his firm be 
identified, “ft could take up to six 
months to consummate the deal,” he 
added, and the final price “will depend 
on where WorldCom is trading six 
months from now.” 

Instead of betting heavily on foe latest 
offer, his finnpurchased only a small 
number of MCI shares Wednesday, he 
said. 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


Cross Rates 

s 

Mil 
3U3 

iw 

London (S) Ulfl 

Madrid 

MIH U3U» 

dwYarttU — 

Paris 

Tttp nx 

Toronto 

zortefr use 

I ECU U« 

I SDR >38 


Oct. 2 LibfeHJborRates 


lira uas 
an sups 
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2BC3B MUB 
uwa un 
ise a®? 
msi <ui 
z rat (787 
un ami 
am un 
sm im 


tr. i*o M 

ana in*- — 
oe ita* n a 
am nor un 

MWJ2J00JB 13171 

kip w ran 
ma — nus 

MB U*M IJBS 
— OCT 1*7 

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raa unr ww 

UM IttH UW 
UD uuu tm 


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MBS' 

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03NS 1 

35K' 


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unis 

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UK7 

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am 

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0X17 SB JUT 

unr um iw 
num uzasum 
mar met — 
um ujuo iijm 

mas UM 14MS 

am* *ns un* 
va um 
— on* 
us! ana* 

uun U*5 MUK 
MM UM7 tout 


LOT- 

US" 


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AlfOatporo 09998 
AntrMcwS 

IraiS not IPWI 
rammi — * um* 
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Em*- P"* “2 

Ro-tata aim 


OHnaqr rwrs 

erookew. sin 

HMOKMfS 7J3SS 
HDMtoNI 1 WS 
I n dn noiM XM 

UMta-rosU 

MAC ttdSO 

MolddL 3-5057 
KawMow OHM 
MotM-riot- UW 


NTS 

MKim 7J43 
HZoolrodS 1.5574 
Nonblmao 7 OK 
PM. poM 3130 

max M r xe 

PootoMBdo 19X04 
RownMo s UU 
soudtrtrd 3js 

sms 


Tors 

S. Afr.nnd 4M6 
S.K0T.M 913X0 
Molta 7.5343 
Tdmi moo 

1MMM 3553 

TwUAba 173970. 

DAEA0M 3X71 
. 49700 


Forward Rates 


Oct 2 


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Seoul Helps Out Securities Firms 

$373 Million Capital Injection Also Will Aid Investment Banks 


Bloomberg News 

SEOUL — The central bank said 
Thursday it would inject money into 
local securities companies for the first 
time, extending a helping hand it had 
already offered to Smith Korea’s 
battered banks and investment banks. 

The central bank agreed to buy 340 
'billion won ($372.6 million) of bonds 
that the companies will have to buy back 
later, a move triggered by investors who 
have emptied their brokerage accounts as 
stocks prices have plummeted this year. 

By aiding companies that otherwise 
would have to tap money markets for 
funding, <be central bank will indirectly 
be helping investment banks as well. In- 
vestment banks have been hit the most by 
a string of recent bankruptcies in South 
Korea because they often lead money to 
inks without securing collateral 


comfKmb 


main beneficiaries will be in- 
vestment banks, not brokerage firms,” 
said Park Ki Sim, a bond trader at Hanwha 
Securities Co. in Seoul, “ft^ will eliminate 
major borrowers in the money market, 
encouraging banks to lend money to cash- 
s tapped investment banks.” 

In a separate development. Standard 
& Poor’s Corp. cut credit ratings for 
three South Korean commercial b anks 
— Hanil Bank, Shinhan Bank and Korea 
Exchange Bank — citing declining prof- 
itability , insufficient loan provisions and 


bclow-average capital ratios. 

“The rating actions reflect the 
heightened dries resulting from a series 
of large-scale bankruptcies and the on- 
stress faced by foe largest Korean 
S&P said. 

Five of South Korea’s top 40 'con- 
glomerates i^ent bankrupt or were 
placed under bankruptcy protection Ibis 
year amid slow economic growth caused 
by sltnmupg exports and squeezed cash 
flows after years of expansion. 

‘ The old saying was that the big horse 
doesn’t die,” said Hank Morris ofCoryo 
Research Institute. “That old paradigm 
is breaking down.” 

S&P estimated that as many as 14 
percent of the loans at South Korea’s 

right leading nwwnwrial hanks might-ha 
bad. Recent measures by Seoul to reduce 
bad loans improve h«»k 
“alleviate to some extent the pressures 
faced by banks,” the American credit- 
rating company said. 

The central bank’s' decision to inject 
money into securities, firms comes as 
deposits at brokerages, a key source of 
their funding, declined to X5 trillion won 
this week from as high as 3.5 trillion Won 
in late June. The wave of bankruptcies 
culminating in the problems at ;K£h 
Group has shaved 20 percent off - the 
benchmark stock index m three months. 

“We decided to take an extraord i nary 


acti on to curb rismglenditig rates, * Seo 
Young Sbik, an official at the central 
tout, said. “Kia’scrisis is distmbing foe 
1 capital markets, pushing np lending rates 
»n<i plaiting the -stock marke t* 

The cash injection will be through the 
Bank of Korea’s purchase of public 
bonds with a nine-day repurchase agree- 
ment from local brokerage houses in an 
open bid, the central bank said. 

Ov ernight lending rates, a benchmark 
indicator of short-term lending costs, 
were at 14.2 percent Thursday, nearing 
the year's faign. 

“There are securities firms that took it 
on the chin by guaranteeing bonds issuwi 
by Hanbo, Kia and the like,” Mr. Morris 
said. 

Seoul also relaxed regulations for buy- 
ing stocks an credit to protect investors 
from sudden declines. 

Starting this month, investors who 
buy shares on margin, or with loans from 
thdr brokers, will beable to sell them the 
same day, said Chung Wood Yong. an 
official at die Securities Supervisory 
Board. In the past, investors who bought 
shares on manrin had to^ waitaday before 
they could sell them. 

Because stocks can rise or fall as 
much as 8 percent a day under stock 
exchange rules, margin investors stood 
to lose as much 16 percent before they 
could sell their holdings. 


ffYT 

M^UMaullariblMdaedPni 

WorldCom chief Bernard Ebbers after 50 acquisitions 


Dubai Traders Get U.S. Goods to Iran 


By Barry May 

Reuters 


DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — 
By day and by night, men sweat under 
the weight of cargo being loaded 
aboard small wooden dhows on tbe 
creek that nms through tfain Arabian 
desert city, preparing far the few hours’ 
passage across the Gulf to ban. 

Persian chatter mixes with Arabic 
and South Asian dialects as laborers 
load crates, cartons and gunny sacks 
containing everything from co m p ute r s 
and electronics to textiles, machinery 
and foodstuffs. 

Much of the re-export trade from foe 
Gulfs main entrepot is of U.S. goods 
that reach Iran despite Washington’s 
policies aimed at curbing trade and 
isolating the Islamic repablic. 

U.S. government sanctions prevent 
ban from buying' directly foom Amer- 
ican suppliers, but Dubai-based traders 
say the port is a major source of Amer- 
ican goods fra Iran, whose population 
of 60 million make it by far the Gulfs 
largest market 

Among its other complaints, Wash- 
ington accuses Iran of sponsoring ter- 
rorism, which Tehran denies. The 


United States is the largest exporter to 
Dubai, supplying goods valued at 6-86 
billion ($1.87 billion) in 1996, 

according to the emirate’s figures. 

China, Japan, Britain, India, South 
Korea, Germany, Italy, Taiwan and 
Indonesia were also rag exporters to 
Dubai. 

In 1996, ban took re-eroorts valued 
at 2.87 billion dirhams from Dubai, 
which is foe co mm ercial center of the 
oil-rich United Arab Emirates, thegov- 
emment said. 

Traders say that such is the amount 
going to Iran via Dubai that they have 
often been able to secure volume dis- 
counts on shi p rnffl ix from the United 
States and other exporters. This has 
also reduced the prices of some 
products on Dpbai shelves. • 

Traders s^r that some of the Apior - 
ican goodsire dripped to Dutai wiftr 
theimowledgd rftheir-prodDoeES ead . 
Dubai agents, .while other s6-called ‘ 
parallel imports crane directly. 

While American businesses are ef- 
fectively frozen from trading with Iran 
directly by a 1994 U.S. government 
ban, other countries are making the 
most of exploiting the market. 

Germany is the chief industrial and 


communications exporter with Sie- 
mens, Daimler-Benz and Alcatel all 
doing business. 

Japan builds power stations and 
dams, with Mitsubishi, Ishikawajima 
and Nissan all present 

Italy has a steel mill in Isfahan, 
France sells industrial goods and food, 
arid South Korea sends cars made by 
Daewoo and household appliances in 
Jtitfbnn for local assembly. . 

The French car maker Peugeot Cit- 
roen last year resumed sales of Peugeot 
405 kits to its banian partner, ban 
Kbodro, for local assembly after a one- 
year snqiension over debts. 

Australia, Iran's largest wheat snp- 
r, exported goods worth 650 md- 
Australian dollars ($468 million) 
to Tehran in 1996.; .. . 

A nine-day international trade show, 
inangm^ed President Mohammed 
Khatami in Tehran on Wednesday, fea- c 
torts* fttaridssefllp fry T40Q companies 
from 78 countries as well as 1,720 
banian ones. 

Mr. Khatami criticized attempts by 
some countries to monopolize science 
and technology, and called for foreign 
investment and technology transfers to 
ban, state-run Tehran radio said. 


U.S. Sanctions Are Gunboat Diplomacy 


By Reginald Dale 

fiuenuttional Herald Tribune 


W ASHINGTON — Amer- 
ican world leadership 
may be unchallenged po- 
litically and militarily, but 
commercially the United States is not 
the sole superpower. The European 
Union is America’s equal in economic 
weight, and other big new trading 
powers, especially in Asia, are fast 
emerging 00 foe scene. 

That reality is appreciated by many 
policymakers in Washington, fait not 
sufficiently by foe U.S. Congress, 
which thinks it can force other coun- 
tries to do its bidding by threatening 
their companies with punitive econom- 
ic sanctions. 

This modem equivalent of 1 9th-cen- 
tury gunboat diplomacy is not rally 
unacceptable to America’s allies; it is 
damaging to U.S. long-term interests. 

As Prime Minister Lionel Jospin of 
France put it succinctly this week, 
“Nobody accepts that the United 
States can pass a law on a global 
scale.” He is right. That is why every 
major European government is back- 
ing Total S A, the French oil company, 
in its decision to defy U.S. sanctions by 
signing a $2 billion contract with ban. 

Dtere is a great deal wrong with foe 
unilateral sanctions enacted by Con- 
gress last year against energy compa- 
nies investing in Libya and ban and 
those it earlier decreed against compa- 


nies “trafficking” in assets confis- 
cated by Cuba- 

The sanctions will not bring down 
the regimes in the targeted countries; 
they are liable to end up hurting U.S. 
businesses more than anyone else, and 
they unite America’s allies against it 
In Total’s case, the threat of sanc- 
tions also has thrown a spanner into the 
works of Western efforts to agree on a 
more effective joint policy toward the 
new Iranian government It is actually 
: Tehran to divide foe West 
fat the fundamental point is that this 


THINKING AHEAD 



multipolar world of the Zlst century. 
Rather than set dangerous precedents 
for unilateral action by others, Wash- 
ington should be s t r e ngth ening foe 
rules of the multilateral trading sys- 
tem. 

Rather than antagonizing its allies,, 
who most closely share American cul- 
tural, moral and economic values, 
Washington should be watkrug vfith 
them to promote common interests as 
other regions grow more powerful. . 

Americans and Europeans are 
bound to dash as the United States 
becomes ever more dependent on ex- 
panding trade to create wealth andjobs 
and the EU extends its global reach. 
But most trans-Atlantic trade disputes 
are manageable. 


The gro wing U.S. appetite for uni- 
lateral sanctions is more problematic. 
Tins year, a nasty trans- Atlantic clash 
over Cuba threatened to shake foe 
foundations of the World Trade Or- 
ganization in Geneva, to which foe EU 
unwisely referred foe dispute, before a 
temporary trace was agreed. The Total 
affair risks reopening those wounds. 

. In theory, it should be possible to 
contain the problem. The amount of 
business involved in the disputes over 
Cuba and ban is stiU relatively small. 
The number of other “rogue states” 
that might be candidates for sanctions 
is limited, and Congress has shnink 
from penalizing major U.S. trading 
partners such as Mexico and China. 
The disagreements with die Europeans 
are more over means than ends. 

But fundamental principles are at 
stake. Europeans are right to resist U.S. 
attempts to dictate foe rules unilat- 
erally. Americans, on foe other hand, 
.are right to complain that Europeans 
are too often guided by commercial 
rather than strategic, let alone moral, 
considerations. 

: It is important that Western nations 
settle these differences calmly and 
qukddy as they seek to integrate China. 
Russia and others into the multilateral 
.China has shown itself adept at 
st Euro- 


playing off Americans against 

peans and vice versa. If the West wants 
the emerging powers to play by its 
rules, it should at least agree on what 
they are. 


Seoul Hits Back at U.S. on Car-Trade Dispute 


Cnupdedky Ow StrfFro* Dbpcwius 

SEOUL — South Korea and foe 
United States went head to head in a 
trade dispute Thursday, with Seoul 
threatening to complain to foe World 
Trade Organization if Washington im- 
posed sanctions over car imports. 

Seoul's Ministry of Trade, Industry 
and Energy was responding to an an- 
nouncement by foe U-S. trade repre- 
sentative, Charlene Barsbefsky, that 
Washington was initiating a procedure 
dial could lead to sanctions. 

The United States has cited Korea 
under foe so-called Super 301 provi- 
sions of U.S. trade law, which directs 
the government to identify foreign trade 
practices that hurt U.S. exports. 

U.S. and European carmakers say im- 
ports constitute less than 1 percent of 
South Korea's auto market, and Wash- 
ington says this shows that foe market 
remains essentially closed. 


A Trade Ministry statement said that 
if Washington maintaine d its “unreas- 
onable demands” and initiated unilat- 
eral sanctions, Seoul would take “vari- 
ous steps” including com plaining to the 
WTO. 

A ministry official said a WTO panel 
would rule as to who was at fault if foe 
United Stator imposed sanctions. He 
said that if Washington were found at 
fault and refused to withdraw sanctions, 
the ruling wotild allow Seoul to impose 
countefsanctioos. ■■ f 

The ministry said bilateral talks wtmld 
continue far another 12 to 18moofos3n 

titt^is reactatLfoe United States could 
then dedde-to impose sanctions foap 
would take effect within 30 days. 

South Korea's Foreign Min 
it regretted Ifte U.S. action 
Washington had not property evalt 
Seoul’s efforts to resolve the 


and was only representing the interests 
of the U.S. car industry. (Reuters, NYT) 

■ ILS. Telecom Ruling Assailed 

Four telecommunications companies 
have filed a suit against a U.S. ruling 
that lowers rates for international calls, a 
Federal Communications Commission 
official said Thursday, Ageuce Frnnce- 
Presse reported from Manila. 

, TtoyTannersaidfoatGabte&Wire- 
less PLC, Hong Kong Telecommuni- 
«foons Ufo, KDD Co. of Japan and 
Guyana Telephone filed the suit Mon- 
day. Mr. Tanner also said foe Philin- 
W"* 4 “ a Petition for re*o£ 
situation of foe same ruling. He said he 
could not give details on the suit, which 
seeks class-action status. 

“contravenes established practicesMd 
international comity.” an “ 




-4*- 


I 









PAGE 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1997 


THE AMERICAS 


— an » l * w | 

Investor’s America j 



Management Shake-Up at Kodak 


Bloomberg News 

ROCHESTER, New York — 
Eastman Kodak Co. replaced the 
head of its consumer business, the 
company's largest, as its chairman 
began an overhaul designed to lift 
profit at the struggling photography 
company. 

Company officials said David 
Biehn, 54, the senior vice president, 
would retire early next year, mak- 
ing him the last of the top three 
officials of the consumer unit to 
leave their jobs in recent months. 
They said he would be replaced Oct. 
1 3 by Robert Keegan, 50, who now 
runs Kodak's professional uniL 

A week ago, Kodak said it would 
trim its management staff by about 
20 percent and consolidate as- 
sembly plants as the chairman. 


George Fisher, cuts costs in re- 
sponse to the deepest crisis in his 
four-year tenure. 

Kodak's U.S. market share is 
shrinking, its losses from digital 
imaging are widening, and its film 
is more expensive than that of its 
rival, Fuji Kioto Film Co. 

"This is obviously the start of 
those changes,” said Michael Ell- 
man, an analyst at Schroder & Co. 

"The company has not been suc- 
cessful in maintaining the profit- 
ability of this most important busi- 
ness unit,” he said. 

Kodak's shares fell SI. 625 to 
close Thursday at $64,375 on the 
New York Stock Exchange. 

The consumer unit accounted for 
48 percent of Kodak’s $16 billion in 
revenue last year. Although the 


unit’s revenue rose 12 percent last 
year, its profit fell 9penrenL 

The consumer unit sells amateur 
films and cameras, produces pho- 
tographic paper and develops pic- 
tures. 

The unit is also responsible for 
Kodak’s Advantix brand of Ad- 
vanced Photo Cameras, which were 
put on the market lost year. Con- 
sumer interest has not matched the 
company's expectations, however. 

The consumer unit will now be 
run by two people instead of three, 
according to the Kodak spokesman 
Charles Smith. 

The new top executives in the 
unit wOl be Mr. Keegan, the new 
senior vice president, and Henri 
Petit, 49, who was named chief op- 
erating officer of the unit in June. 


EBBERS: WorldCom Chief, a Down-Home Revolutionary 


Source: Bloomberg, Reuters 


Very brieflys 

Raytheon-Hughes Gets U.S. Nod 

WASHINGTON (Bloomberg) — Raytheon Co. and Gen- 
eral Motors Corp.'s Hughes Electronics won federal antitrust 
approval Thursday for their $9 .5 billion combination, bring- 
ing the companies one step closer to creating America's third- 
latest defense and aerospace company. 

Raytheon and Hughes agreed to sell two defense-electronics 
businesses and to erect a firewall that preserved competition 
for a coming bid on a new missile for die U.S. Army. The 
settlement does not require the companies to divest themselves 
of any of their missile production operations, which is con- 
sidered to be Hie area with the biggest antitrust concerns. 

Ford Plans to Expand in Brazil 

PORTO ALEGRE, Brazil (Bloomberg) — Ford Motor Co. 
said Thursday it planned to spend $1 billion to build a factory 
in southern Brazil, at the heart of the rapidly growing Mer- 
cosur free trade area. 

The new plant will produce 100.000 units of a yet-to-be- 
identified model by 2001, Ford said. The company said the car 
would be a ' ‘multiple-activity vehicle.” The investment 
would bring to at least $3 billion the amount Ford is spending 
in Brazil between 1995 and 2000. 

• Mobil Corp.’s joint-venture agreement with VEB A Oel AG 
of Germany to produce and upgrade heavy crude-oil deposits 
in Venezuela's Orinoco Belt received final approval from the 
nation's Congress, the last hurdle for the $2.5 billion project 

• VS. factory orders rose 13 percent in August reflecting 
strong demand for electronics and costly goods such as com- 
mercial airplanes. Orders rose a revised 03 percent in July. 

• Fujitsu Ltd. and its U.S. unit Fujitsu Microelectronics 
Idl, have filed a complaint with the U.S. International Trade 
Commission against Samsung Electronics Co. alleging pat- 
ent violation on integrated circuits. . Return. Bloomberg, afx 


AMEX 


Continued from Page 13 

mall, reports, computer files, graph- 
ics and video are translated into the 
digital language of ones and zeroes 
used in computing. Someday, voice 
communications may be routinely 
sent the same way. bundled in data 
packets like e-mail, at a fraction of 
the cost of conventional phone 
calls. 

Bnt the voice-traffic market re- 
mains in the Internet's future. Just 
when the nascent technology of In- 
ternet telephony will seriously eat 
inti) the mainstream voice business 
is a subject of spirited debate. So far, 
the quality of Internet phone calls is 
poor, like early phone service, 
crackly and broken. The pace of 
improvement will depend on tech- 
nology, investment schedules and 
market forces. 

For the next tew years. WorldCom 
and other big carriers are focusing on 
supplying data services to compa- 
nies. It promises to be a rapidly ex- 
panding market worldwide, doubling 
to $200 billion by 2005, according to 
an estimate by David Cooperstein, an 
analyst at Forrester Research Inc. in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

A crucial part of WorldCom’s 
recent buying spree has been to 
build up its digital network. Last 
year, as part of its $14 billion pur- 
chase of MFS Communications Co., 
WorldCom picked up Uunet Tech- 
nologies Inc., the largest provider of 
high-speed hookups to the Internet 

Last month, WorldCom bought 
the Internet networks — the hard- 
ware backbone of routers, optical- 
fiber cables, and wires — of both 
CompuServe Inc. and America On- 
line Inc. 

WorldCom’s long-term strategy 
is to be an "integrated supercanier,” 


a one-stop supplier of all maimer of 
telecommunications services. Mr. 
Ebbers is fond of repeating World- 
Corn's slogan: “Voice, data, 
video.” In the not-too-distant future, 
he says, cu stomer s will not buy local, 
long-distance and data services sep- 
arately. Instead, he says, they will be 
purchasing different levels of capa- 
city, or band width, on an integrated 
network that can handle all three. 

The MCI deal, if completed, 
would provide WorldCom with a 
wealth of band width. In addition, 
WorldCom Wednesday 

that it had reached an agreement to 
buy Brooks Fiber Properties Inc., 
which provides local telecommu- 
nications services to companies, for 
$2.4 billion in stock. 

Together, the two acquisitions 
would more than doable foe size of 
WorldCom’s long-distance network 
and give it local fiber-optic net- 
works in an additional 34 cities. 

“The Internet is foe future, bur 
these deals are not driven by foe 
Internet,” said John Sidgmore, foe 
chief executive of Uunet, who has 
also become foe chief operating of- 
ficer of WorldCom. ‘These deals 
are driven by foe networks and band 
width we get in the United States 
and internationally.” 

Expansion has been Mr. Ebbers’s 
credo since 1983 when he and three 
other investors bought LDDS Com- 
munications Inc., a tiny reseller of 
long-distance phone service. 

Mr. Ebbers soon became pres- 
ident of the struggling company, 
though he was a newcomer to foe 
phone business. 

By the late 1980s, Mr. Ebbers 
made a series of acquisitions of oth- 
er long-distance resellers, which 
bought unused network capacity 
from AT&T and other network op- 


erators and sold long-distance ser- 
vice to companies. 

In those days, his company fo- 
cused on small and medium-sized 
businesses, a niche largely neglected 
by foe big long-distance companies. 
In the 1990s, Mr. Ebbers started 
acquiring companies with local and 
national fiber-optic networks, seek- 
ing the higher profits of integrated 

telcco mrnnrri catk ins companies. 

Since its early days, WoridCom, 
which switched its name from 
LDDS Communications in 1995, 
has been a lean operation. One way 
it has achieved that is by forming out 
its back-office daia-processing and 
billing operations to Electronic Data 
Systems Corp. 

Mr. Ebbers seems an unlikely fig- 
ure to be beading a leading ’ tele- 
comm uni canoos company. He may 
be a telecommunications trailblazer, 
bnt he does not cany a cellular 
phone or pager. WorldCom may be 
a fast-moving company of foe fu- 
ture, but its boss eschews e-mail. 

Mr. Ebbers grew up in a working- 
class family in Edmonton, Alberta, 
and won a basketball scholarship to 
Mississippi College. He now lives in 
a small town near Jackson. Mis- 
sissippi, where WorldCom is 
based. 

At a news conference Wednesday 
at the Pierre Hotel in Manhattan, Mr. 
Ebbers was asked about MCI’s “data 
assets.” Mr. Ebbers replied, “What? 

I didn't know data had assets.” 

Behind the homespun style, 
though, is an astute business mind . 
and a driving ambition. William Vo- 
gel, an analyst with NationsBank 
Montgomery Securities, called Mr. 
Ebbers a “country-bred genius who 
took an also-ran long-distance re- 
seller and built a telecommunica- 
tions giant.” 


Mixed Signals for Stocks 

Rosy Inflation Data Override Profit Pessimism 


GnpfeM) Or Sb$, Fhm Osparks 

NEW YORK — Stocks rwc 
Thursday as investors largely dis- 
counted profit warnings and re- 
acted positively to rqiorts show- 
ing factory orders and worker 
demand strong but below infla- 
tionary levels. 

Bonds climbed for a second 
day, driving yields to 19-roonth 
lows, amid optimism that Fri- 
day's employment report would 
provide more evidence of steady 
growth with little inflation. 

The Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage closed at 8,02733, up 
12.03. Advancing issues out- 
numbered declining ones by a 5- 
ro-4 margin on foe New York 
Stock Exchange, with many 
traders abandoning Wall Street 
for foe Rosh Hashanah holiday. 

Six of the 30 Dow industrial 
issues moved more than a point, 
with Disney and American Ex- 
press foe leading gamers and Boe- 
ing leading the declarers. 

The Standard & Poor's 500- 
stock index rose 5.05 to close at 
960.46. 

The technology-laden Nasdaq 
composite index rose 12.07 to 


1,70237. retaining its strength 
after WorldCom helped bolster 
foe market Wednesday with its 
surprise bid for MCI Communi- 
cations. 

Cigna shares tumbled, one of a 
number of companies to warn that 
third -quarter earnings would fall 

US. STOCKS 

short of expectations. Harmonic 
lightwaves, a fiber optics con- 
cern. and SeaChange Internation- 
al. a software company, also fell. 

‘The unsettling earnings re- 
ports that have come out cast a bit 
of a pall over the market,’ 1 said 
Richard Qardullo. head trader at 
Liberty Asset Management. - 

Financial shares, however, 
gained on the outlook of low in- 
flation, which would mean interest 
rates would not rise soon. J.P. 
Morgan, Citicorp, Chase Manhat- 
tan and BuftkAmerica were up. 

The benchmark 30-year Treas- 
ury bond rose 12/32 to 101 3/32, 
pushing its yield down to 6.30 
percent from 6.32 percent, the 
lowest since February 1996. 

('AP, Bloomberg) 


Dollar Gains Against Yen 


Bloomberg News 

NEW YORK — The dollar was 
mixed late Thursday, climbing- 
against die yen on signs that Ja- 
pan’s economy was continuing to 
falter but foiling against the 
Deutsche mark on renewed spec- 
ulation that Germany may soon 
raise interest rates. 

Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 22S 
stock average plunged 2.17 per- 
cent to an eight-month low a day 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE 

after a closely watched survey 
showed that a growing number of 
Japanese manufacturers think 
business conditions will worsen. 

‘ ‘It’s hard not to be bullish on 
foe dollar and bearish on the 
yea,” said Robert Houck, a cur- 
rency salesman at Norwest Bank 
in Minneapolis. “Traders focused 
on foe Japanese economy and 
said, ‘Let’s buy dollars.’ ” 

The dollar rose to 121.605 yen 
in late trading from 120.905 yen 
Wednesday. Btit it fell to 1.7730 
DM from 1.7745 DM after a 
Bundesbank official hinted that 
German rates could head higher. 


Against other currencies, the 
dollar fell to 5.9580 French francs 
from 5.9605 francs and to 1.4545 
Swiss francs from 1.4600 francs. 
The pound rose to $1.6159 from 
$1.6158. In Japan, hints of eco- 
nomic weakness can sour investors 
oh the nation’s financial assets and 
foe yen needed to pay for them. 
They also cement expectations that 
Japanese interest rates will remain 
at historic lows for the foreseeable 
future. Low rates in Japan prompt 
global investors to seek higho- re- 
turns elsewhere. 

The dollar also was helped 
against foe yen by sales of yen for 
marks. Many mark-yen trades are 
conducted through foe dollar, so 
traders sold yen for dollars, then 
sold the dollars for marks. 

Also propelling the U3. cur- 
rency was arise in U.S. bonds, as 
non-U.S. investors snapping up 
’Treasury issues bought dollars to 
pay for them. The U.S. Trade 
Re pr e s e n t a tive’s Office said 
Wednesday that access to Japan’s 
markets remained a “priority” is- 
sue, suggesting tensions may es- 
calate if foe trade balance did not 
improve soon. 


U. S. STOCK MARKKT DIARY 


INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 


Thursday’s 4 P.M. Close 

The top 300 most active shares, 
up to Ihe dosing on Wal Street 
The AsaodatBb Press. 


MW Mb h# lk m aw 


»*■ iw ami indexes 

S uS 3 Dow Jones 


Most Actives 


Oct 2, 1997 


06 

Uta 

m* 

7U 

121* 

IT* 


n 

DM 

10ft 

NS 

WI 

IM 


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sm »w 
m m 

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MW to 
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£ £ 
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HU 71*1 

M* a? 

£ SL 

1 tv. 

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7* TS 

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I IV. 

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1WW 111, 
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IW 18M 
n iw 
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lift 12H 
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nth tnw 

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21ft 21 


SH 

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ntw 

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h 



THUS 320040 3227.95 3171 -SB 3277 Jn +24.19 
U11 24601 24112 239.9* 24174 .3,40 

Com 2559 -SS 2574.12 255153 2574.12 +1147 


Standard^ Poors 


Industrials 1119.051106371117.44 
Tiwsp- 69140 68509 69077 

UtWies 206.72 205.15 20608 

Finance 11206 111.61 11204 

SPSOO 9S6J1 947.28 95541 

SP 100 92208 91X99 921.58 


H«* LM LM a, 

WU4 499.87 50143 +X3S 
433J4 (52108 63234 .139 

44557 441.1* 46620 +174 

30404 30173 30L4S +14* 

<7755 473.12 47H8S *196 


Nasdaq 


Nasdaq 


170237 1692.11 170137 +1187 
138*23 137720 138423 +7X7 

191388 1903358 190480 +162 

18MJ5 181154 1BJ423 .126 

2779. 17 2257.95 2T7JJ7 +21.45 
113133 1117.05 113050 +1271 


vw him 
52574 54 
50995 44ft 

SSI* 

442*4 rot 
44238 43V, 
405D 1BH 

38688 177th 

35 3% 

34035 34H 
34282 3SH 
34006 4891* 
3372B 35 
80157 409* 


4595*9 37V, 
289015 2*H 
771 ca lpth 


5X2? 

519*2 7Mt 
474B9 21H 

£13 ft 

439*0 55H 
41359 m 
411*1 37H 
402*3 12ft 


«• W Cft 

si sa 

271k 28H +l{k 

se -? 

+ ss 

2M 38M 1> 

33^ ^ £ 

SIS 55 +% 


»s + +\ 

1S9W lift +H 

919> 93ft -ft 

tg 

ft TlS 4k 


»SSS 

35ft, T7M +lftk 


*«te 

taw un 

a* 

row 

70X06 7049* 

-16* 

Dow Jones Bond 

Ctas* 

<*9- 

20 Bonds 

10634 

•006 

10 UflHtta 

10X1B 

-610 

lOIndusWab 

106*9 

-003 


ss r* m + +s 

]*' r ts •» 

8594 10»W 9ft 10ft -ft* 

8188 Ok ft ft 4« 

ft & + J5 

ft M Hft 13HW +<Vw 


Trading Activity 


Ded nod 
Unonned 
ToW ina 

KmLhs 


Dividends 

Company 


Nasdaq 

1647 1927 AOwncaa 

“j? ^ h&t 

<o ra mwlSS* 

Market Soles 

°i ”1 

iM U9 Amex 

^ 7 S ***** ' 

* 8 InmOam. 


P«r Amt Rac Pay Company 


1890 219* 

ft ft 

5448 5734 


4765C 72TJ6 
TLX 44.17 
65aS4 97068 


IRRECULAR 

BhjrCtdp Vahtc _ M 10-15 103! 

STOCK SPUT 
BtotkiNSferl soa. 

Florida Rocklnd 2 fw 1 spot. 

INCREASED 

Cathay Bancorp 0 .175 1*14 10-21 
Indismo) Bncp O .14 10-2? 71-5 

PNC Ba* Q J9 10-14 10-24 

povdwtlnc 0 j 09 10-27 11-2* 

REGULAR 

Centura Banks Q J7 n-28 12-15 

Community Svas Q 225 10-15 11-3 
Dtagn^lcPtlcts Q .12 11-5 11-19 

Engel h au l Cora a .1012-12 12-31 

Grant Indus Q SB 10-24 11-6 


Hancock PaJGOv « .0875 70-10 1<M 
Kemper HancoTr M JJ75 10-15 1CM 
Kemper InteiraGvt M JH5 10-15 nw 
Kemper Mu BMW M JI75 10-15 11M 
KemperManlliico M .0725 10-15 104 
Kern per StreOtnCD M .1510-15 103 
Kemper StratMvni M J36S 10-15 103 
McGrath Rent-Corn Q te 1017 103 
M«^r IncomeRf . M AT 1015 10^ 

Newcor Inc 
Wertxmk Cora 
WlmW3We5ta 
Winn-OWe 5ta 

wimvOWeSM 

WacaBananp 
ZwelBTotWef 

m raenHU y. g+nrarterty; i nai m n wri 


Per Amt Rec Pay 

M JJ875 7010 1031 
M JJ7S 1015 10-31 
M .055 10-15 1031 
M JJ75 10-15 1031 
M .0725 1015 1031 
M .151015 1031 
M .068 1015 1031 
Q JW1017 1031 
M AT 10-15 1031 
Q 35 11-14 12-1 
0 30-76 11-7 

Q 3175 10-15 1OJ0 
M 385 10-15 HO 
M M5 1M4 12-1 
M ABS 12-15 1-2 

0 .10 10-15 1029 

M •07' 1014 1027 


Stock TaWes Explained 

Sales figures are unoffldaL Yearty highs and tom felled Hie raevkws 52 vieeis pbs Kw 
ament mek. bW natttw latest fraiSng day. Wherea spU or stock dividend amounting lo25 
perantormwe has been paid. ttwyrareMgtMowrarMteand tflyMend are shown forme new 
stoCtaanly^l^Mierwtse natea rales of dividends are annual disbursements based an 

a-dwMendtisaatfra tsl. _ p-InHaldivUend annual rate untouwn. 

b- annual rote of dlvfdend plus stock c8u- P/E - pttce-eamhias rafla 
Wend..... _. . q-dosed-endmutuolfumt 

r- (fivtdend dodaredar paid 


a - dividend ofao eitrn Csl. p-lnJHgl dividend, annual rate untouwn. 

b- annual rote of dividend plus stock c8v- P/E - pttce-eambws rafla 
Wend. q-dosed-end mutual fund, 

e- liwjdattng ifl*Wond. r-iSvWniddecioridorpgUinprece<finBl2 

*-PEe«a«dsW. momtephn stock dMoend 

cM-CDlfed. s-stock spROMdendMgliBarBt date of 

d- new yearly low. spfiL 

(M-tasslnVielQsl 12 mantis. sis- sales. 

•- «Mend declared orpafd in procetfng 12 t - dividend paid in stodc In preadbig 12 


norths. 

f - annual rate, mowed on last deda- 
ratloa 

g - iftridemt In Canadon hmds, subjea to 
t5*> non-residence fax. 
i - dhfdend declared after spftt-up or slock 
dividend. 


i-iSndeftdpoidlteywoiiTiWettitefefTedor wd -when cBstttute 
nooiSMliiiKnatlolHWdendineeAr^ wi- when issued/ 

k - Aridend declared v paid tin yeat an ww-trith warrants. 
oaninuUireisuwflhdMdarafekisiean. x-ex-<fi«Uetida a- 


months. esHmatid cosh vtflue on ex-dt*. 
idend orex-dtsMbutlon date, 
u - new yuarty high, 
v- trading halted 

ii - ki bankruptcy nr reahreraWp or being 
mrigsnind under the BanJwpfcy Act or 
secvffies assumed bywch con^cnieo 
wd -when iSsMbuled. 


x - ex-cfivUend armwlgMi. 


a - mud rotft reduced on tost dedora- 3a»-exKilstribwfloa 
Ooa at - without warrants 

n- new lssueinltrep(Bt52imeks. The high- y-etHflvtdenlandsalesInML 
low range begms with the start of trading. ytd-yWd. 

ad -nod day delivery. z-salmnfufl. 


Hgh Law Lntat Chge OpH 

Grains 

CORNiOMT) 

soao bu oMmurn- owrn per bmhel 
Dec 97 ZSBft JSSVl 257ft +1 202337 

Mar 90 267 204H 265ft +45 4&400 

Moy98 272 269ft 271ft +ft 17.145 

Jot 98 276 273ft 274ft +ft 28.779 

Sep 98 271116 269ft 270ft +ft £128 

Doc 96 269ft 268 219 *16 18083 

JOI99 282 2M 282 Unde 134 

Est sales NJ*. Wmtt salt* 41504 
Weds open M 234348 op &261 

SOYBEAN MBALCCBOn 
laakra- dates per Ion 
Od97 20730 20400 20190 +150 14873 

Dec 97 20000 197 JO 199 JO +2.10 4SJ43 

Jan 98 197JD 19560 197.10 +2.10 15206 

Mar 98 19450 19260 19450 +100 1 4266 

May 91 193J0 19160 !91« +100 1&43Z 

Jd 98 19560 19360 195J0 4150 73S3 

Cst tea NAWftfs ate 21574 
Weds open M 115.737, up U8S 

SOYBEAN OIL {CBOTI 
40000 8 b- cants per 0) 

Od97 2362 2336 2155 +014 1717 

Dec 97 2407 2166 23J5 +0.09 55673 

Jan 98 2423 2388 2408 +013 16516 

Mar 98 246S 2408 3436 +012 %X9S 

May 98 3445 2430 2437 +4X10 7346 

Julie 2455 2428 2430 +004 6019' 

Est. sides NJL Weds solas 17537 
Weds upon M 100331 up 1*2 

SOYBEANS (CBOTI 
5500 bu cdnbwjnv certs per b«Sel 
KM97 628ft 620ft 627ft *7 10L458 

98 630ft 623ft 629ft +4U 29341 

ffac 98 635 628ft 634ft +6fc 11901 

Mar 98 643ft 638 642ft +5 12394 

JU98 649 643M 648ft +5 11404 

Ed. steNA Weds sate 44Z45 
Weds open M 171161. op 4896 

WHEAT (OOT) 

5000 bu mlteeu- cunfc par OusfM 

Dec 97 3S7 348ft 354ft +4 61948 

Mar 98 369ft 363 348 +314 26145 

May 98 376ft 371ft 375 +7ft 1123 

.M98 379 373ft 377ft +2H 11536 

EsL tees N A Wetfs sates 1H332 

VMS Open M 101131 UP 785 

Livestock 
CATTLE (CMEIO 
401000 lbs.- cm par fc. 

Od97 6646 6657 6647 -0.10 1&S87 

Dec97 6472 6430 6AM +4X22 42,138 

F0b98 6953 *9 JO 6950 +042 liSJS 

Apr 98 73.10 7255 7172 +4X25 11947 

Jon 98 70X0 6950 69.70 +4X3} A 968 

Aug 9* 69 JD 69 JO 69 JO +030 1441 

Est sate 11718 Weds teas 39.741 
Weds open U 191391. up 181,739 

FEEDER CATTLE (CMEIO 
AOOOte.- cents pvfc 
0097 7HL0Q 7787 7740 4X02 &1I9 

KoeW 7847 TTJS 7755 4X17 4906 

Jan 98 7975 79.15 79 J7 +4X05 1728 

MOTH 7*40 7890 78.95 4XP5 7,908 

Apr 98 7942 79J5 7917 +Q.I7 714 

May 98 B0L3O 7972 7950 4X12 718 

Est tees X2S7 IMtfs sales &*B8 
Weds open IK 17565.0*1312 

HOSS-Le— tCMERJ 
40000 te- cents per b. 

0097 *835 6747 68JS +4X67 &9S3 

Dec 97 6390 005 6147 +OJ2 145*4 

7=#ti9B 62-95 42J5 6275 *4X32 4885 

Apr 98 »45 7J.03 59.05 *0 05 1589 

Jon 98 66.10 6550 6552 +055 1431 

EsL tees A4(o wads sate 1&757 
NMs open W 33L069. up 152) 

PORK BELLIES (CMEIO 

41000 par St 

Feb98 6350 6110 <347 +155 sm 

Mar 98 6353 6250 6147 +197 532 

May 98 6450 6440 6455 4X15 135 

Est tees L36i Weds sates 1561 

teds open M 6747, up 170 

Food 

COCOA atCSQ 
10 nseirtc tens- Spar ton 
OK 97 1*06 16*6 1667 -11 41J21 

Marts 17L5 1677 1700 4 UMS 

May 98 1725 1719 1721 -4 11,988 

JultB 1741 1733 1741 * 1578 

Sap 98 1770 1739 1739 -6 4510 

Dec 98 1771 -7 6.715 

Est seta 12.776 VMs rates 1408 
VMS Open lot HUSH, up 365 

COFFEE CCHC5B 
37500 te.- cm perfc. 

Dec 97 16450 15913 16155 -130 12409 

Mar 98 15340 14950 15055 155 4729 

Moy98 14*50 14S50 145.15 155 2512 

JU98 14300 13915 13915 -155 1109 

Sap 98 13850 134J5 13A75 -1JS 516 

Est sate 49(3 Wstfs srtm 4706 
Wkds apan M 24104 up S2 

SIIGARWORID 11 OKIE) 

112500 ter certs aer to. 

Mai 98 1151 11 JO 1157 +0.18 91285 

May 98 1154 11JT4 1153 +0.07 Z4524 

Js(98 1148 1157 1147 +0.11 1&148 

Od 98 1140 1146 1140 +4L04 14564 

EsL sates 34393 Weds sate 21,9*0 
Wed* open ltd lS*m off 6596 



High Low Latest Oige Oplrt 

ORANGE JUKI (NCTTO 
155008a.- certs per to. 

Nor 97 7170 7150 7355 +1.15 14227 

Jon 98 7640 75.00 75.95 +155 10627 

M»98 7940 7750 7890 +150 7,104 

May 98 8125 8145 8145 +150 1,731 

Est steslLA. Weds rates 1,953 
MWsopanW3K74op4> 

Metals 

GOLD (NCMX1 

100 tray ccr doflon per may «. 

0097 333.10 331.00 33150 -240 210 

Nor97 331.90 -160 1 

Dec 97 33650 33240 33150 -240 94373 

Feb 98 33750 334J0 31450 -240 20440 

Apr 98 339-50 33650 33650 -U0 6805 

Jon 98 34060 33850 33450 -2.70 9439 

AOfl 98 34040 -2.70 4663 

Ocf98 WZ40 -250 483 

Dec 98 34690 34450 34450 -250 4522 

Est sales NA Weds sates 86629 
Wed* apra M 18247& up 391 

HI GRADE COPPER (NCMX) 

24000 te- certs per ft. 

Od97 9130 9250 9255 -2JS 1439 

No* 97 9450 9350 93J5 -175 2500 

Dac97 9670 9310 93J5 i85 26593 

Joe 90 9125 9615 9615 -255 1477 

R*9B 9SJ0 9635 9635 -2J5 1574 

ter 98 95JD 9600 96*0 -2.10 4977 

Apr98 9SJ0 9655 9655 -1.9S 919 

May 98 9540 9650 9660 -1.75 2509 

Jwi98 9570 9650 9660 -150 871 

Est srtM N A Weds sate 6731 
Wteds open H 44211. aft 4S3 

SILVER (NCM70 

4000 boy at- certs per fmy at 

0097 SI 600 51290 512.90 -1J0 1 

Nov 97 515J0 -150 

Dec 97 52340 51600 517X10 -150 70716 

J* 98 51840 -150 21 

Mar 98 52990 51190 523J0 -140 16699 

May9B 533J0 SUjOO 52670 -1J0 0312 

A498 53430 -IA3 2517 

Sap9B 533.90 -MO 62* 

EsL sates NA Wetfs teas 148Z3 

Weds open tot 974IZ op 2J23 

PLATINUM (NMER) 

50 troy tor daBars per troy az. 

03 97 431 JM -07.00 43040 +050 UJ12 

-tan 98 43100 42550 42950 +1J0 11JP8 

Aor98 4ZXOO 42000 42030 +1J0 745 

M98 41830 +1J0 3 

EsL sales NA Weds rate 2,136 
Wedvapen tot 14654 aft 281 

Close - P revio u s 
LOMPO te METALS (LMO 
MksspwiaWrtctaa 
AtenJoam DM Grade] 

Spo» liteoo 1667.00 1*81 ft 1662ft 

Ic rw on l 1ST6M 1677JX 1473ft JST4M 

SWPW C l Wa j as Weft erode) 

Spot 20*050 SoliX) 209250 209400 

fto to drt 2087 JB 208400 211640 211750 

Lea* 

Spot 634ft *25ft 642.00 64400 

Fftmara 63600 63700 64LOO 65000 


tent 671000 672000 
nmiwif *87000 683000 

Tte 

bat 579000 579580 
fatted 5B3400 583500 

rate d 135000 135100 


M^i Low, Ogee Q«* OpM 

FlnancW 

(1ST BILLS KME (0 
81 m B tai ptsctlOOpcS. 

DecW I 154 «S02 9502 +401 5031 

Mar 90 9504 9503 9504 +1X01 3462 

*"» 9496 Bach. 152 

Est sales NA Wteds satoe 638 
W«M apeak* 8445. up 770 


SYR TREASURY (CBOTI 

s oaopo ate- pts 4 *4tta of 100 pet 

Dec 97 107-60 107-44 107-52 4-05 236938' 

Est. sate NA Wads sidos njffl 

Wetfs open W 235+001 .up 4 195 

» YR TREASURY (CBOTI 

8104000 prtv- pH & 32nds ol IDO pd 
OX” JJMO 110-18 JIMS +85 377^87 

1,MS +0i w» 

Am 98 110-00 lUMn 11040 +01 2 

&4 rate N A Weds tees 104903 
WadsopteU 294519, op MR 

US TREASURY BONOS (CBOTI 

wnwH^ 

ssssniu ti? 3 ^ 

115-11 HK2L 1.956 
bLtees NA Wads tees 996423 
Weds open bit 69X984 spJL*y» 

LONG GILT (LtFFE) 

Sc97 f&Vw&raiES +04* 179.51* 
Ed. sales.- 9X656 Pm*, sdte 11S980 
Prw. open hL; 12Ma up 5J00 

GERMAN GOV. BOND (UPFE7 
DM254400 - pts a* 1 00 pd 
2*2 rOJP 304752 

Mar 98 1(036 10256 10265 +407 4898 

E«.sc6s>. 132J16 Pn**. sate; OW* 
Prav.cpental: UX6S0 ep 14583 


«9b Lam Latte Oge OpM 

10-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS (OMTIF) 
FF50aoOQ-jdsa(100pct 

Dec 77 lOuCS 9964 99.96 — 064 13430 
Mar 98 9444 99J4 99J4-0JM 6365 
Est sate 127J11 
Open laL 129660 up 1.934 

(TAUAHGaVEHHMETn BOND (UFFE3 
ITL 300 dBBan - pis 9*100 Pd 
Dec 97 11213 11121 11163 +0.19 124119 

Mar 98 N.T. NT. 11127 +0.18 1J26 

Est sate 74352 Pie*, sate 106059 
Prav.apanb*: 12VA4S up 851 

UBOR 1-MONTH (CMER9 

S3 aMan- pts onOOtKt 

Od97 94J7 9426 9637 uadi. 27^32 

No* 97 9634 9633 9633 undL 32267 

Dec 97 9618 9617 9618 +001 4977 

Est sate NAWtes teas 4Z74 

WMS open m 7X5Sft w> 793 

EURODOLLARS (CMERJ 
SI mWwvptsrtlOOpd 
0097 94J5 9624 9*25 OPCtv 26890 

Ma*»7 9622 94-21 9622 +061 12J62 

Doc 97 9621 9619 9620 +001 589653 

Mar 90 9617 9614 9616 +001 426920 

Jur 98 9610 9605 9609 +003 314650 

Sep 98 960 9U0 9601 +043 243.990 

Dae 98 93.92 93J6 9X91 +004 22X182 

Mo-99 93.91 9X85 9X89 +004 1SX575 

JOB 99 9X8* 9X81 9X05 +004 119048 

Sep 99 9X83 9X78 9X81 +003 94*21 

Dec 99 9X76 9X71 9X75 +004 84455 

MorOO 9176 9X72 9X73 +004 7L511 
EsL sate KA Wsds sate 449JS23 
Wtes WMM H X73X87& W 2X111 

BRmSH POUND (CMERJ 

42JOO pnndn S par pewnd 

Doc 97 U140 1.6060 1A1 10+00006 27JB1 

Mar 98 1/10*0 jqch. 234 

Jon 98 1J978 anch. 27 

EsL sate NA Wads sate 1211 

Wetfs open tot 24046 up 4 

CANADIAN DOLLAR (CMERJ 

lOOiOOO dotkn. s purCda dir 

Ora: 97 .7318 J283 .7306+00018 4X7*9 

Mar 98 .7350 J322 .7339+00017 1781 

Jan 98 1370 1350 1 370+00036 443 

EsL sate NA Wads rate 1*100 

Wads apan tol 4414X off U36 

GERMAN MARK (CMERJ 

121000 mate Spar mart 

Dec 97 Jim JU7 9667*00302 56036 

MraW 0716 0693 -£93-00003 X349 

•te 90 0725 undL 1511 

EsL sides NA Weds teen 19083 

Wads open tot 64994 off 23 

JAPANESE YEN (CMERJ 
TX5 ndtoao ran S par TOO yen 

DK77 0368 0282 0301^X0060 71626 

MarSf 0465 0400 0400-00072 807 

tel 98 0505 05BS 0505 undk. 165 

BL sate NA BUS sate 14922 . 

Wads apaa u 74599, aM 981 

SWISS FRANC (CMERJ 
1 21000 fiana, S per franc 
Dac97 0952 0892 0922+4X0011 31759 
MOO undL X401 
JW19B JVU7 undL 299 

EsL sate NA IMhIS rate llofiD 
Wtes open in* 37.721 up 354 

MEXICAN PBO (CMERJ 

500000 pusas. 5 per peso 

Dec 97 .12590 .12560 .12170+011005026346 

Mar 98- .121*7 .12145 .I71B+JJ0071 uS 

■tel 98 .11790 .11798 .11790+4X00105 1.907 

EsL sate NA Weds srtra 4376 

Wsdsapan lot 34434 up 157 

3-MONTH STEOJNG OJFFS 
cnaooo - pH or i oo pd 
OacV7. 9U9 92J6 9X57 — OJB 13X7162 
KT5 |«5-(xmw«s4 

15 nst OS7 -am 8*427 

Sep 98 9171 9X66 9X48 —OJO 64373 

Dec 90 9Z89 91S KM -OJB 59^ 

Mar 99 9109 9104 9107 UuH 54693 

Jun 99 9X28 9125 9328 Iftm 36898 

Sap99 9145 9141 9344 -002 24229 

Ed. solas: 515*9. Pis*, sate.- «+,W 
Pray, dmi tot-- 634872 an 1344 


7-MONTH BUROMARKOiFFE) 

DM1 mmon ■ ph of 100 pd 
OCI97 tom 96.57 9648 Undk 9A73 

Na*97 NT. NT. 9649 UndV 712 

Dec 97 9644 94*1 9643 UndL 30X433 

Mar9l 9425 96.17 96.19 —001 29X990 

Jon 2 95.93 95.95 -Ml IXU37 

S*p98 9180 9474 9SJ7 -001 

Oec««94t 955* SUB ^001 iSSn 

MW99 9544 953? 95A -082 imU 

Jan99 9SJ0 9425 9527 740 

5*099 9416 9413 95L14 -Ml 

Ed. sate: 1791476 Pm. sate; 2H.916 
Prau.qtelrt4 4647,571 up 17» 

MMJNTH PIBOR (MAT1FJ 
^«M»-pt*«100pd 
DKS7 96.43 9640 9641 UrKh. 35443 

S- 20 “- 16 ,A - 17 — ^ Ml 36691 
£52 95,97 9i93 95.94— Ml 2&7S7 

BSD 95.76 »5J7 — Ml n »* T 

MraW 9S48-M2 27047 

Mar 99 lUB 9546 9447 —001 sun 

EsL taler 38481 
Open tot: 22t*C up 6931. 

XMONTH EURDURA (UffEl 
•U-lmBw-BUoMOOpd 

SSS Sra 9174 107406 

Mor9B 96S9 9645 9654 UndL 100911 


High Lew LrtesT digs OpW 

Jon 98 9503 9690 94.98 UndL 86101 

5#p 90 9412 9100 9400 UndL 55 788 

Draft 9411 9698 9507 UactL 47J13 

Mar 99 9500 9610 9697 UndL 36589 

Jun 99 0406 9675 9682 UndL 166S4 

Sep 99 9672 9659 9660 -4L0I XMB 

Est site: 119,433. Pie*, soles; 176527 
An*, open ML- 436510 up (657V 

Industrials 

COTTON 2 WCTN) 

50000 Rk.- certs par Rl 
O d97 7000 *901 *926 +841 38 

Dec 97 71-90 7140 7140 -004 56463 

Mar 90 7X35 7300 7X00 -610 15001 

Moy9B 7610 7171 7X75 AID 7.734 

A* 98 7675 7640 7441 4L09 4*63 

EsL sate NA Wsrf* tote 1X212 
Weds open ht 86176 off U74 


4LOOO aaL crads per art 
N0»97 6675 5710 5905 +146 46943 

Dec 97 4090 5840 *040 +U7 36834 

Jan 98 <140 5945 61.10 +127 2L223 

Feb 98 61.10 5940 6100 +102 1X970 

Mar 98 *0X0 900 *030 +1.17 7036 

—98 5845 5740 5840 +4X87 6405 

98 5640 5640 5640 +622 1*06 

EsL srtoi NA Weds rate 27.993 
Wed's open H L14492X up 9974B9 

UGHT SWEET CRUDE OtMERJ 
1000 bbL-iMan per bbt 
NO* 97 7105 2007 7IJ4 +049106155 

Dec 97 21.72 2006 2143 +041 86441 

JM98 2147 2001 Z1J0 +OSS 4X381 

Feb 98 2140 2675 2133 +045 2X929 

Mw98 7135 2070 2135 +644 1X010 

Apr 90 71.13 3043 31.13 +69 16696 

EsL sete NA Weds sate 9,13* 

WtehapM H 426*66 op XTOO 

NATURAL GAS (NMEIO 

16000 ran U6 s per am Mu 

No* 97 AMO ±020 11 OS 41019 51,3*7 

Dec 77 iiw noo xm +oan txsm 

JanfS X150 30*0 1150 +000* 27034 

Feb 98 2005 17*0 2000 0005 16361 

Mar 98 2400 2425 . 2050 4020 1X53* 

Apr 98 1340 1210 1330 40*0 7.903 

EaL sate N A Wads sate 46469 

Weds upon tot 226496 00 81 7 

UNLEADED GASOUNE (NMER) - • 
4M)0g4cMKipargal 
Nov 97 4140 59.15 4135 *135 4X667 

Dec 97 6100 5835 4055 +L23 16489 

Jan 98 6005 5B0O *048 +1JB 16713 

Feb 98 6035 59.10 *035 +448 6701 

MB* 98 4035 +OOB 5033 

Apr 98 6340 6X95 *140 +043 X776 

May 98 6X57 JtodL 1785 

Jun 98 5137 undL 1J02 

Ert. sate HA Wads sate 16754 

Wsdsapsa fed 96671 off 4012 


UA dallanpar matok tan - lots a* Mo tons 
Od 77 17175 17635 178J0 +035 26202 

No* 97 I80J5 17600 1803S *040 23007 
Dec 97 18135 17933 18135 +625 17.121 
J® 98 18X75 18100 18X00 -625 11900 
Fd»98 18200 18135 Jffl.00 -650 7J05 

Mra98 17900 17900 18035 -625 2421 

EsL salts: 12000. Pro*, sate : 17023 
Pie*, open InL: 99406 up 1481 


BRENT OIL OPE) 

U.5. Mors per bond -lot* ofl0OO tends 
Na*97 7050 1943 7048 +A*6 6X422 

DeC97 2000 1943 2049 +6*1 37003 

JanfB 3637 1941 2038 +661 2*093 

FBW8 2620 19.62 2035 +053 10167 

MV98 2005 190* 20.10 +000 6490 

Apr 98 19.90 1947 19.97 +047 Z147 

EsL ste: 5123? . fter. sales: 3X239 
Pro*, open taL: 153347 off 2097 

Stock Indexes 
SF COMP INDEX (CMERJ 
soostadex 

Dec 97 96000 961.10 96540 +230 1060*0 

Mar 98 97800 97100 97740 +170 KB 

Jan 98 98740 98740 90740 +US 751 

Eat sate NA Weds sate 6*217 
Wads apsnlrt 18X136 rtf U8 

FTSE las CUFPEJ 

£25 ptf Maoc poktf 

0*C 97 54400 544M 53750 -170 67.408 
Mar 99 S4680 54*60 54330 -150 1.973 

Ed. sates: 11357. Pro*, tote: 103*8 
PnKapsnM; *0581 up 40$ 

CAC40 (MATtF) 

FF200 pur todn pant 

Od 97 30140 30565 30590-600 33.974 
N0*97 30870 30430 30470 -400 6736 
0«; 97 3097.0 3070.0 30744 -UO 15.773 
Mur 98 31055 31000 30990-600 11323 
Est sate: 14321. 

Open OIL: 7X897 ud 210*8. 


CommcnSty todexes 

Out Pnvten 

Moodyla 103650 . 1037.20 

Routes 108230 108200 

OAFuluns 14408 14504 

CRB 243.40 24208 

SvmsMdg, Affoctotri Pms. London 
IftilRrKBKtot Fo/ures ExcTunge, Ion 
Permleom Exchange. 














“ q 


INTERNAIIONAl HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1997 

EUROPE 


PAGE 15 



foland Agrees on Free Market 

Differenc e in New Coalition Appear Not to Run Deep 


By Peters. Green 


Po£hlLr ,m,;r5 <* 

dOM taf J 2 0lemiBy elecd< « s ^ 
Jtown tohantaMsr out the details of 

SE P ro « tam ’ officials 

SS 3 K 2 S 

‘ough, fflariaa-onented restmctur- 
program despite con tinuin g dif- 
™^ 0ver to fill dj iop 


Instead, the miners and other un- 
ions that support Solidarity have 
■ been remarkably quiet, and Mr. 
Grabowski, the Solidarity econo- 


mist, sounds the same themes as the 
Freedom Union’s strong-willed 
leader, Leszek Balcerowicz. 

It isn't that there are no differences 
Of opinion. The Solidarity coalition 
leader, Marian Krcaklewski,47, said 
tins week that his party wanted 


■fi 


i-usT- 4 ccon 0 *mc posts. 

Section 

Acton, which won 201 seals in the 
W-seat Sejm, or lower house of the 

ri^tTL^ SSembly ’ Center- 
ngM freedom Union, which has 60 

say they see nearly eye-to-eye. 

, 1 566 we have common opinions 

on_ the vast majority of economic 
•*ffaus, and we can form a govern- 
ment which can be rather liberal and 

t£25?*£3 ,,a ' n Anctaq 

Pototckz, a Freedom. Union Spokes- 
man c 

“Personally I think it’s 100 per- 
cent certain” that Solidarity and 
Freedom Union will agree onafree- 
“ancet economic platfonn, said 
Bogus law Grabowski, an economic 
specialist with Solidarity who is tak- 
ing part in. the coalition talks: 

Before the elections Sept 21, 
many analysts worried that a victory 
Sohdarity over the Democratic 
Lett Alliance would lead to a gov- 
ernment cave-in to demands from 
•'(Solidarity’s blue-collar trade union ' 
supporters, rising budget deficits 
and social spending, and a slow- 
down of privatization plans. 


Now they must 
compromise on top 
cabinet posts. 


the Treasury Ministry, which over- 
sees privatization, and a top Soli- 
darity aide said “it would be good’’ 
if the Finance Ministry also went to 
a Solidarity loyalist 
Earlier, Mr. Pbtotcki of the Free- 
dom Union said his party would 
insist on at least one of these posts. 
Mr. Balcerowicz was finance min- 
ister in the early 1990s, and his 
economic shock therapy is generally 
credited with producing Poland's 
current growth, but Solidarity op- 
poses giving him a cabinet post 
Analysts, economists and in- 
vestors say Poland must continue to 
take a hard line on soaring current- 
account and trade deficits, keep 
hacking away at its budget deficit, 
revive the stalled privatization pro- 
cess and reform the pay-as-yoa go 
health-care and pension systems. 
Poland also must maintain rapid 


growth to qualify for entry into the 
European Union early next century 
and avoid the kind of recession (hat 
has hit the Czech Republic. 

Solidarity's economic reform 
program has four parts, Mr. Grabow- 
ski said: Stabilize growth, including 
cutting the budget deficit from its 
projected 1.8 percent of gross do- 
mestic product to 1.6 percent or 1.5 
percent this year; reform the pension 
and health-care systems; decentral- 
ize public spending and give taxing 
authority to local government, and 
revive privatization. * 

Although he said the government 
was prepared to push this program 
through the National Assembly 
when its next session started Oct. 20, 
Mr. Grabowski conceded that it 
would not be that easy for Solidarity , 
a disparate coalition of 36 parties, 
and the belt-tightening may offend 
Solidarity's blue-collar supporters. 

“It’s easy to say, but not easy to 
decide, how to cut spending without 
raising taxes,’’ Mr. Grabowski said. 

Both Solidarity and the Freedom 
Union also favor a strong zloty. 

The two sides also want to use 
proceeds from future privatizations 
to fond the new retirement and 
health-insurance plans, although 
they still differ over details. 

So for, the markets have reacted 
favorably. 

“There’s been no rapid move- 
ment of the indices, as the outcome 
of tiie election was in line with ex- 
pectations,’* said Marcia Mroz, an 
economist at Wood-Comroerz in 
Warsaw. “Foreign investors came 



SE Banken 


To Acquire 
Trygg-Hansa 


Jiiwk NumjmdaMgnier Rucr-hewr 

Leszek Balcerowicz, leader of 

Poland's Freedom Union party. 


back to T-bill auctions this week. 
We’ve noticed a big demand.” 

Tomasz Berent, an analyst at IB 
Austria, said the first things he 
would look for were whether the 
new government would keep to the 
tight 1998 budget it inherited from 
the former Communists and wheth- 
er it speeded up privatization. 

T d ekom tmikaqa Polska SA, the 
country’s monopoly fixed-line 
phone company, is valued at about 
$20 billion. Steel mills, coal mines 
and tbe petroleum and electric- 
power industries still need to be 
privatized. “If Telekom goes ahead 
in whatever way they wish, then they 
would jprove that they are credible for 
equity investors,” Mr. Berent said. 

“If Poland wants to be in the EU, it 
will have to make these reforms 
now,” said Martin Taylor, who man- 
ages Eastern European foods for Bar- 
ing Asset Management in London. 
“As a foreign investor, the elections 
give me confidence it will happen.” 


MAID to Buy Knight-Bidder’s On-Line Database Unit 


it 


Coo^Otdbr Om-SkffFumDh^ttd^a 

LONDON — MAID PLC said 
Thursday that it would buy Knight- 
Ridder Information Inc. for $420 mil- 
lion to create a busmess-info nnation 
service that would control about 25 
percent of die on-line mark-af 
The takeover will combine 
MAID’s InfoSort search software 
with Knight-Ridder’s collection of 
business, technical and scientific 
databases in a c hallenge to Lexis- 
Nexis, owned by Reed Elsevier PLC, 
a British-Dutch publisher, for lead- 
ership of a $135billion market 
Dan Wagner, the 34-year-old en- 
trepreneur who created MAID in 
1985, expressed great hopes for the 
combination, winch will be named 
The Dialog Carp. 


“We can leverage the technol- 
ogy',” he said. “It’s a quantum leap 
for InfoSort to become a standard in 
the market.” 

For Knight-Ridder, the sale 
comes as (he company digests the 
purchase in April fori 1 .65 billion of 
four newspapers belonging to Walt 
Disney Co. 

“This is a business we did not 
want to lose” but “the sale is nec- 
essary,” said Knight-Ridder Inc.’s 
chairman and chief executive, Tony 
Ridder. 

Lacking cutting-edge database 
technology, Knight-Ridder had long 
wanted to focus on making its news- 
paper business more profitable, ana- 
lysts said. 

The on-line information industry 


is consolidating amid demands for 
new technology that can allow easy 
access to tire growing mass of data 
available electronically. Competit- 
ors include Reuters Holdings PLC’s 
Business Briefing, Dow femes & 
Co.’s News/Retrieval, and tbe FT 
Profile by tiie Financial Times, a 
unit of Pearson PLC. 

Knight-Ridder Information had 
sales of $289.8 million in 1996. 
MAID, which stands for Market 
Analysis and Information Database, 
had sales of $41 .6 million in the year 
ended June 30. 

Knight-Ridder owns some of the 
on-line information business' best- 
known brands, including Dialog and 
Datastar, and has about 160,000 
customers, including more than half 


of the Fortune 500 companies. 

“MAID is buying a great col- 
lection of databases” bot has been 
losing market share among new cus- 
tomers, said Catherine Stanley, a 
fund manager at Framlineton In- 
vestment Management Ltd. and a 
MAID shareholder. “They are re- 
lying on MAID technology to re- 
vitalize that” 

MAID will raise £118 million 
($190.4 million) by seltiqg new 
shares, $180 million from subordin- 
ated notes, and will take a $90 mil- 
lion loan to finance the acquisition. 

MAID’s shares, which were sus- 
pended from trading for Thursday’s 
announcement closed Wednesday 
at 215 pence, unchanged. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 


Ceeftinlby Par Sa# Fn*a Dtpxka 

STOCKHOLM — Skandinaviska 
Enskflda Banken AB, Sweden’s 
foirti-laigest bank, said Thursday it 
had agreed to buy Trygg-Hansa AB, 
the country’ 's No. 2 insurer, to expand 
its fundrmanagerant business. 

The deal, in cash or new shares, 
would make SE Banken tbe hugest 
private-capital investor in Sweden 
as it gave Che bank access to (he 
insurer's growing pension fund. To 
getber, the two banks would manage 
300 htilion kronor ($39.69 billion) 
of assets. 

SE Banken will offer Trygg- 
Hansa shareholders 244 kronor a 
share in cash or allow them to ex- 
change five Trygg-Hansa shares for. 
13 new shares inSE Banken. Under 
the first option, the offer would total 
16.8 billion kronor. 

The cash bid is 30 percent above 
market value, while the share ex- 
change is 27 percent higher, accord- 
ing to a share price average for the 
past 10 days, the bank said. 

SE Banken and Trygg-Hansa said 
they expected the merger to result in 
annual pretax savings of 775 million 
kronor. Restructuring costs would 
amount to around 500 milli on 
kronor before tax, the bank said. 

SE Banken said it intended to 
nominate its chief executive, Jacob 
Wallenberg, as chairman, and Tiygg- 
Hansa’s chief executive, Lars' Thnn- 
ell, as president and chief executive. 

The deal extends a consolidation 
in the Nordic banking and m-qnranra* 
industries as the European Union en- 
courages cross-bonder competition. 

In March, Den Danske Bank AS, 
Denmark's largest bank, bought 
Oestgoeta Enskilda Bank* AB of 
Sweden from Landbezggruppen AB 
for about 2.8 billion kronor. 

Trygg-Hansa’s board said it 
would recommend SE Banken’s of- 
fer to Tiygg shareholders. The 
Tiygg Foundation, which owns 39 
percent of tbe company’s voting 
rights and 24 percent of its capital, 
has said it will accept the offer. 

SE Banken’s shares rose 3 kronor 
to close at 94.50, giving the stock 
offer a value of 246.5 kronor a share. 
Trygg’s shares rose 49, to 246. 

Trading in the bank’s shares was 
suspended on Stockholm’s stock ex- 
change for part of Thursday, 
pending the announcement Trygg- 
Hansa’s shares had been suspended 
since Wednesday. 

(Bloomberg, AFP, Reuters) 



Source: Tetehns 


hiKnariond Herald Triboac 


Very briefly: 


• Italy’s stock market may soften a rule that requires companies 
pi aiming a public share offering to demonstrate they have made 
a profit for three consecutive years, said Tommaso Padoa 
Scbioppa, chairman of Consob, the stock market regulator. The 
rale has been criticized for detesting companies from listing. 

• Turkey’s Communications Ministry fired the general 
manager of the state telephone monopoly, Turk Tele- 
komunUrasyon AS, as the state prepares to sell up to 20 
percent of the company in the first months of 1998. 

• German authorities said they had given approval for Ber- 
telsmann AG and Kirch Group to begin chgi tal-televis ion 
broadcasts this month on the cable network of Deutsche 
Telekom AG. 


• Russia’s consumer pices fell in September, bringing the 
inflation rate to 9.1 percent over (he first nine months of the 
year, compared with 16.5 percent a year earlier. 

• Rhone-Poulenc S A said it owned 98.6 percent of Rhone- 
Poulenc Rover Inc, a U.S. drags company, after receiving 
acceptances for 95.9 percent of foe shares in Rorer it did not 
yet own. 

• Hyder PLC, Wales* largest company, said it would unite its 
water, electricity and gas services under single management, 
in an effort to cut £15 million ($24.2 milli on) in operating 
costs in three years. 

• Volkswagen AG has received 50,000 firm orders for its 
fourth-generation Golf model, which will be put on sale Oct 
10, foe company said. The company expects to sell 150,000of 
the vehicles this year and 700,000 next year. 

• ABB Asea Brown Boveri Ltd. said it formed two joint- 
venture companies in Poland as part of its strategy to increase 
its electrical-indmtrial-equipment services there. 

• De Beers of South Africa will sign an agreement to buy up 
to $550 million per jrear of uncut diamonds from Almazy 
Rossn-Safclta, a Russian state-owned diamond marketer. 


Reuters, Bloomberg, AFP 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


Um Cbm pmr. 


HBgti Low Oom Pm. 


Wgb Low dm Pm. 


High Low Ooom Pm. 


Thursday^ Oct. 2 

Prtces in bail currencies. 

7fcfetore 

fflgb Low don Pm. 


Amsterdam 


AEXMwcMQJf 

PlWrtMKOCUS 


ABN-AMJ® 

A*So» 

Ahokt 
Man NoM 
Boon Co. 

Bate Wfen era 
CSMan 
DonBsdiePet 
OS* 

Ebarter 
F ortfrAw w 
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G-Ilracan 

' hSBSST 

naneKEfi 

Hwwwbcw 

HwriDopgtas 

INGGrw* 

KLM 

SS BT 

OaGrinten 

PMBpiEte 


42J0 

166X0 

5530 

35330 

149 

3100 


119 

IftLtt 

2950 

8530 

turn 

5650 


Rabeco 


Hdg 


RoAncQ 


ffiSK 

Umdatafl 
VNU _ 
Wonn Klara 


WM 

asm 

9630 

7070 

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UJ D 
25930 
17180 
1154) 
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11830 
118.10 
437 JO 
119.10 
4831 
27X40 


4130 41 JO 42 

W 16540 16150 
50 1 55 55 

34830 350 3S0® 

14630 14L30 141® 
, K 3530 3530 
91* WJ0 9C3B 
11530 11530 11630 
IMJO 19530 I9S.T0 
2HJ0 3LB0 2930 
0430 84.90 8440 
61.90 6UB 4130 
5530 35JB • 56 
102-10 10230 101S8 
34830 352 353 

126 12630 12830 
8430 8430 85 

9330 9530 93JO 
4840 70.10 6930 
5140 54 54.5® 

7740 77 JO 7930 
67 JO 6730 67.10 
4090 fl® 6140 
255351 256 259 

17070 17130 17640 
115 )M 11630 
01-60 8780 8330 
196 196 19530 

*060 _ 4i mm 
19*50.19630 197 

11130 11838 118J0 


High Low 

CKAGCofcnta 161 160 

C bm* ra n* 6180 6530 

Drt Drier Bora 147.10 144 

OegKH 97 9530 

DcoMmBanfc 12730 12175 

DeutTeMam 3535 3430 

DnsdnerBa* SS^so 8230 

Frauntoi kb m 

FiesmtaiMed 125 124 

Fried. Kropp 266 36430 


Oom Pnw. 


G«li* 
HddcftgZnd 
Henkel pH 
HEW 

HocMIrf • 

HoadHt 

Kmtadl 

Lolenow 

Unde 

UiflhmaR 

MAM 


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153 150 

10190 10110 
463 463 

M 83 
7998 7930 
637 425 

9850 9650 

1252 1230 

37 3630 

5B330 574 

837 831 

M*UgenlKMt3950 3935 
Mete. _ 8430 8180 

WundiRwckR 622 40830 

PibbsoB 500 470 

RWE BTM mm 


SAPpM 


SGLC 
Stamens 


46730 
18990 11730 


MAS- 


SE" 


VEW 

Vi 




11930 
1500 1500 

898 894 

423 41738 
109 JO 106.20 
580 580 

821 

1262124330 


160 15930 
6530 64.10 
14535 14540 
9630 97 

126 126.90 
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8377! 81® 
297 290 

13490 12330 
36430 363 

W 94.70 
153 146 

10390 10130 
463 466 

84 8158 
79 JO 79 JB 
636 616 

97 

1252 1240 
3490 35.75 
STS 56830 
835 81138 
3935 3935 
8425 n.90 

67150 598 

500 488 

0730 asm 

46990 44130 
18890 18430 
260 25950 
12025 119.10 
1500 1516 

895 092 

41990 41450 
10030 10435 
580 571 

821 79SJM 
1260 1229 


WMer 


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Assoc Or Rwds 
BAA 
Borctars 
Ben 
BAT lad 


835 833 835 827 

*3 632 435 637 

1-99 133 1J5 138 

ST® 539 534 S48 

i-i 537 538 599 


18jK 1740 1730 1723 


MpriOrcfe 
BOC Group 
Sorts 
BPBInd 
BrtAerasp 

omuanrs 

BG 

am Load 

BrtPMhn 


Big 

snrTi 
BTR 
BwwofcCoJtol 


Burton Gp 

!WHM 


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Co*w*Sdiw 
CorttanConftn 
ComralUrtan 


71440 77430 11530 
429.10 


4323D 433S» 

SIS 11830 118JD 
440 4630 4UD 
270 270 2030 


Helsinki 


HEX G4MM) tatafc 378547 
Pmtaeu 375394 


EM I Group 

IS|3 

FamCotonlol 

GartAodriert 

CEC 

GKH 

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Granada Go 
Grand MW 
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PranaeKf 


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252 248 252 242 

192 187 187 190 

25M 7*» 2425 25 

40 390 408 388 

592 500 580 590 

122 m m 729 

W M 30 - 30 

59.50 57 59 56 

737 725 737 727 

no 107 no iw 


tiuhtanrtil 

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0 5450 57 JO 5450 
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7450 75 


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2550 2430 2530 2470 
10 15350 15350 15450 
51 *!.■$ 49.18 5030 
140 136 13950 144 

513 607.10 512 an 


18S IB0.10 11450 179 


99 95 95 

151 1.58 14850 15050 

92JD 0950 9250 90 


Markets Oosed 


The stock markets in Bom- 
bay and Hong Kong were 
closed Thursday for a hol- 
iday. 


Jakarta 

Coropatlta Wee 53497 
Puritan 336X9 

After tof 

2800 

2S25 

2 STS 

3K50 

BkUlbta^i 

075 

8» 

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Bktegara 

900 

m 

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875 

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MOD 

9)75 

9550 


tmtomifi} 

2350 - 

7.100 

7350 

739) 

IndrtOod 

4150 

3950 

4150 

3925 

Indpwt 

8725 

8650 

8700 

1700 

Sampwma HM 

6375 

6075 

637S 

6660 

SriJntmGfiiS. 

3075 

2975 

79/5 

‘iino 

TeManunBraB 

3550 

3450 

3525 

3S30 


1 ^ 
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Kfeio&her 

LadbrohE 

Land See 

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276 275 274 274 

24625 242.75 246 243 

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353 353 340 

3330 3330 3400 
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14550 15X40 147.10 
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2845 28.14 26 
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1521 1490 

665 651 

745 6.85 635 

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209.75 

+1.60 

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177.74 

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biduttrlal tnctarwra 





Capital goods 

225.65 

+0.65 

+059 

+32.02 

Consumer goods 

197.83 

+0.80 

+041 

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21054 

■0.47 

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finance 

134^8 

■0.15 

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193.12 

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188.74 

•0.47 

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171.04 

+1.70 

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174.86 . 

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page r 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


Thai Bond Sale Faces 
Skeptical Audience 

Downgrade Imperils $10 Billion Plan 


(■ 




■e 

21 

It 

S 

\ 

e 


s 


Cim V^hOw Staff From DupauAtt 

i*nrv r~ Hit by severe cur* 
“wey turmoil and downgradings of 
its credit, T ha i lan d may have dif- 
umty proceeding with its plan to 
oner bonds to Japanese and U.S 

SSvmjgf" 1 *" “ Toky ° 

. A senior Finance Ministry source 

in Bangkok said Wednesday that 
Thailand planned to issue $10 bil- 
lion of bonds in Japan and the 
United States to create an agency to 
handle domestic asset-quality prob- 

But Moody’s Investors Service 
.Ape. said Thursday it had lowered its 
anng on Thailand’s long-term for- 
eign-cnrnaKy debt to Baa-1 from A- 
3 and that its outlook on those ob- 
ligations was still negative. 

A senior underwriter at a Jap- 
anese brokerage said: “In these cir- 
cumstances, it will be very difficult 
to attract interest from Japanese in- 
vestors. Also, I think not many 
brokerages will be brave enough to 
underwrite the Thai issues.” 

Underwriters said the Thai gov- 
ernment had been showing interest in 
issuing samurai bonds — as yen- 
denominated bonds issued in Japan 
by foreigners are called — since the 
currency turmoil broke out after its de 
facto devaluation of the baht July Z 
“We’ve been told by Thailand 
that it has been eager to raise funds 
in Japan since the turmoil broke 
out,” a second underwriter said. 
“Basically, oar view on Thailand 
has not changed, and Japanese in- 
vestors remain very cautious.” 

The source at the Thai Finance 
Ministry said the issue would be 
brought out by two key state en- 
terprises, Exim Bank and Industrial 
Finance Carp., this mouth or next 
Thai stock and foreign exchange 
markets shrugged off the down- 
grades. Bangkok’s benchmark SET 
stock index closed at 550.86 points, 
up 3.06. The dollar closed at 3635 
baht, down from 3635 baht at the 
close of trading Wednesday. 

Analysts said die debt down- 
grades had been anticipated and dis- 
counted by die markets, but they 
said die announcement would fur- 
ther erode Thailand’s image. 

“Thailand needs to work out a way 
to regain investors’ confidence,” one 
trader said. “At this point, there are 
too many uncertainties.** 

Deputy Prime Minister Thaksin 
Shinawatra said the downgrade was 


not surprising but that the govern- 
ment would work to restore order to 
bring the credit rating back up. 

The government is to unveil a 
plan Oct. 15 to strengthen financial 
institutions. Finance Ministry offi- 
cials said the package would prob- 
ably require banks and finance 
companies to raise pro visions for 
deteriorating assets and their stricter 
qnality classification. 

Also on Thursday, Prime Min- 
ister Chavalit Yoncbaiyudh said the 
government was considering slash- 
ing an additional 140 billion baht 
($3.9 billion) — or 15 percrar — 
from its 1998 budget. 

Spending cuts are needed to en- 
sure a budget surplus of 1 percent of 
gross domestic product, a require- 
ment of a Si 7 billion bailout pack- 
age arranged by the International 
Monetary Fund in August, he said. 

The government also is likely to 
allow 100 percent foreign owner- 
ship of finance companies as part of 
its effort to rehabilitate insolvent 
lenders, the prime minister said. 

(Reuters. Bloomberg ) 

■ An Asian Monetary Fund? 

Despite U.S. criticism, Asian na- 
tions are moving ahead with plans to 
set up a regional monetary fund 
modeled on the $173 billion Jap- 
anese-led rescue package cobbled 
together In August for the Thai 
economy, the Los Angeles Times 

E i senior Japanese Finance 
try officials as saying. 

A proposal for an “Asian Mon- 
etary Fund” of as. much as $100 
billion was a hot topic of discussion 
at the International Monetary Fund 
meeting in Hong Kong last month. 
But the apparent opposition of the 
United States led some to conclude 
that the establishment of the fund 
was unlikely. 

U.S. criticism was based largely 
on fears that such a fund might un- 
dercut the tough conditions the IMF 
attaches to bailouts, as well as on 
concerns that a Japanese-led region- 
al organization might freeze out the 
United Stales, analysts said. 

But in a briefing for reporters 
Wednesday in Tokyo, a Finance 
Ministry official, speaking on con- 
dition of anonymity, said plans for a 
regional fund were moving forward. 

He insisted, however, that the 
new organization would supplement 
and support IMF activities, not un- 
dermine them. 


Defaults Drain Manila Bank 

Shares of PNB Tumble, and Investors Are Warned Off 


Bloomberg News 

MANILA — Philippine National Bank, once the 
country's largest and most profitable bank, is in its 
annus horribilis. 

As disclosure after disclosure places the 81 •year- 
old bank at tbe epicenter of borrower defaults, its 
share price has plummeted to about one-fifth of what 
it was in mid-1996. 

“You need to change something at PNB, and it’s 
not the decor,” stud Noel Reyes, vice president for 
research or Anscor Hagedom Securities Inc. 

Even with the stock, which closed at 74 pesos 
($2.16) Thursday, down 430, trading at half its 
break-up value — unbeard of for a company that is 
still its country's second-largest bank — few are 
recommending it Analysts say a slowing economy 
and more expensive credit may damage its earnings 
and that the falling peso could cause more defaults, 
because a third of its loans are dollar-denominated. 

"’Since potential losses from bad loans axe in- 
creasing, write-offs are inevitable,” Mary Karen 
Torres, an analyst at Sapphire Securities Inc., said. 
She said she recommended avoiding the stock. 

It wasn't supposed to be this way. 

In December 1995, the government sold shares in 
the company, reducing its stake to 47 percent and 
turning the state-owned bank into a private concern. 

In theory, that was the start of its turnaround: Free 
of bureaucrats and the rules that hobble state compa- 
nies, tbe bank would turn into a lean competitor for 
the industry’s best b anking concerns. 

For a time, investors agreed. The stock doubled 
from December 1995, reaching 350.91 pesos in July 
1996, its peak for the year. 

But then came a string of headline-grabbing de- 
faults, starting in March when Victorias Milling Co., 
the country's largest sugar refiner, declared a mor- 
atorium on debts totaling 4.4 billion pesos. 

Last month, EYCO Group, an appliance maker that 
bad moved into property development, said it could 
no longer service its debts. On Wednesday, Eduarosa 
Realty & Development Corp. threw in the towel on 
half a billion pesos of loans. 

Philippine National Bank has exposure to the three 
totaling about 1 .5 billion pesos, or three-fourths of its 


expected earnings for this year. “When anyone 
doesn't pay his bills in the Philippines, it shows up on 
PNB’s balance sheet,” John Mangun, a portfolio 
strategist at LB. Gimraez Securities Inc., said. 

A bigger worry is that its largest loan, to RJ Ventures 
Realty & Development Coip ? came near tire brink this 
week. Only an unidentified rescuer's investment in RJ 
Ventures allowed tbe developer, which hopes to build 
Manila’s tallest office building, to meet a payment 
deadline on its 3 billion-peso loon to the company. 

It’s not all PNB ’s fault, analysts say. The currency 
turmoil sweeping Southeast Asia has led to higher 
interest rates that are clobbering growth and pushing 
borrowers to the brink. 

Reflecting moves by the central bank to tighten 
regulations and push banks to set aside more foods 
against bad debts, the Manila exchange’s 1 0-com- 
pany finance index has plunged 37 percent since the 
peso’s devaluation July 11, worse than the bench- 
mark index’s 25 percent slide. 

The central bank's directive ordering banks to have 
at least 2 percent of loans as a buffer will hit Philippine 

Securities says earaii^^his year could be^vripecPout 

""Loan-loss reserves are not considered to be ad- 
equate, especially in light of a general rising trend in 
nonperforming loans in the Philippine banking in- 
dustry because of competition," Moody’s Investors 
Service Inc. said. 

Still, PNB does have its strengths. 

For one, it has a network of 320 branches, almost as 
big as that of Metropolitan Bank & Trust Co., which 
is needed to gather cheap deposits. 

And it is still the biggest in the $6 billion-a-year 
remittance business, the economy’s lifeline of dollars 
from overseas Filipinos. 

This year, it expects to handle $3 billion sent home 
by Philippine workers in Hong Kong and the Middle 
East. 

Those attributes could be attractive to other banks, 
especially foreign ones that might want to build a 
presence in the Philippines quickly. 

“The only thing l see," said Carlos Jalmdooi, 
banking analyst at UBS Securities (East Asia) Ltd., 
"’is you buy this for a possible buyout” 


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Very briefly: 


• Sembawang Corp., the Singapore-based ship repairer, said 
it would buy a 5 1 percent stake in the bakery chain Delifrance 
Asia Ltd. for 165.8 million Singapore dollars ($108 million). 

• Ford Motor Co. failed in a bid to persuade the South Korean 
ovemment to protect its investment in debt-ridden Kia 

otors Corp. “There cannot be any favors for a particular 
shareholder or for'Foid” said a Finance Ministry official. 

• Merrill Lynch & Co. bought Centaurus Corporate Fi- 
nance, an adviser to m any of Australia's top companies, and 
said it planned to buy a local fund-management business. 


M 


Dismal Japan Sentiment Pummels Stocks 


Bloomberg News 

TOKYO — The economy is sputtering, and the 
question is no longer when it will nun around, analysts 
said Thursday, but how low it can go. 

Stocks tumbled to their Ipwest levels in eight months 
and bonds rose to record highs a day after the nation's 
broadest business survey, the Bank of Japan's tankan, 
showed that executives throughout Japanese industry 
expected conditions to deteriorate further this year. 

As a result, both manufacturers and service compa- 
nies slashed sales and profit growth projections for the 
year. 

"‘I was hesitant before,” Mlneko Sasaki-Smith, an 
economist at Credit Suisse First Boston, said of the 
survey, ""but it made me certain we’re facing a steeper 


downturn.” With sales slumping, prices are likely to 
remain static or fall as retailers struggle to attract busi- 
ness. That means tbe central bank could keep interest 
rates at historical lows of 03 percent until 1 999, Michael 
Hartnett of Merrill Lynch Japan said. 

Lower sales and profits could mean that companies 
also will put the brakes on hiring, pushing op un- 
employment to record levels. Many other companies 
could collapse or find it far more difficult to dispose of 
trillions of yen of debt 

The continued fallout over the tankan results sent the 
benchmark Nikkei 225-stock index plummeting 387.12 
points, or 2.17 percent, to 17,455.04. The yield on-foe 
benchmark government bond fell to 1.755 percent, its 
lowest close ever, from 1.790 percent Wednesday. 


• Vietnam's new prime minister, Phan Van Khai, told the 
official Saigon Tunes Daily that the state sector would have to 
compete on even terms with private and foreign firms. 

• Vietnam has cleared foreign investment projects worth $2.9 
billion since the beginning of the year, 25 percent less than in 
the first nine months of 1996, Saigon Tunes Daily said. 

• Unilever NV, the Anglo-Dutch consumer-products concern, 
plans to sell its coffee business in Australia mid New Zealand 

• Chichi bu Onoda Cement Corp. is to merge with Nihon 

Cement Co. on Oct 1, 1998, creating Japan's largest cement 
Company. Bloomberg, Reuters 

Nomura Down, Maybe Not Out 

Reuters 

TOKYO — Nomura Securities Co. tumbled from its po- 
sition as Japan’s top stock trader because of its involvement in 
a racketeer pay-off scandal, but the damage to its standing may 
be only temporary, analysts said Thursday. 

“Institutional investors have started to place their orders at 
foreign securities houses,” said a manager at another major 
Japanese brokerage. “But whether foreign brokerages will 
further expand their share depends on whether they can respond 
to sometimes unreasonable requests from investors.” 


Virus Stalls Compaq in Japan 


<* • 


Reuters 

TOKYO — Compaq Com- 
puter Corp., the world’s lead- 
ing personal computer maker, 
said Thursday that its plans to 
attack the Japanese market 
with an inexpensive model 
had been set back by a virus 
that came from the manufac- 
turing plant 

Compaq’s Japanese subsi- 
. diary, Compaq KK, said 
ibout 10 percent of a new line 
'of low-rad PCs shipped to 
Japan last month had been 
infected with the virus at a' 
plant in Taiwan. 

It said only about 20 to 30 
of the infected computers had 
reached consumers since go- 
ing on sale Sept 1Z 

The Presario 2210 PCs are 
made by an outside manu- 
facturer and are priced at 
around $1,000. 

Since the virus was found 
in die Japanese- langu age soft- 
ware, models sold elsewhere 
. have not been found to have 
< the virus, the company said. 
v PC makers seldom have vi- 


rus infection problems during 
foe manufacturing ■ process. 
The manufacturers, however, 
are being exposed to higher 
risks of viruses because of the 
increasing use of foe Internet 
to install software. 


Residential 
Real Estate 

Appears every Friday 
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To advertise contact 
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Tel.: + 44 I 71 420 0325 
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or your nearest IHT office 
or representative. 

KAgSVI 



the woRurs Dun nm shaper 


ASIAN CAPITAL HOLDINGS FUND 

20, Boulevard Emmanuel Servais, L-25J5 Luxembourg 
R.C. Luxembourg B 43 100 

NOTICE TO THE SHAREHOLDERS 

Notice is hereby given due an Extraordinary General Meeting of die 
Shareholders of ASIAN CAPITAL HOLDINGS FUND WI be held at 
the registered office of die Company on 14th October 1997 at 4:00 pm 
with the folloving agenda: 

1. To consider and if though fit to resolve that the coordinated version of 
the Articles of Incorporation dared April 29, 1996, be amended » that 
tbe first line of Article 17 must read ts More 

"Tbe corporation shall indemnify any Director or 

2. Translation of die first line of Article 17 of the Articles of Incorporation 
into French. 

3. Any other business. 

The shareholders are advised that a quorum nf 50 % is required for the item 
of the agenda of the Extraordinary General Meeting and char decision trill 
br taken at the majority of the two thirds of the shares present or 
represented ar die meeting. Each share is entitled to one vote. A 
shareholder may act u any meeting by prosy. 

For the Fund 

de Gestion Edmond de Rothschild Luxembourg 
Anonyms 
20, Bd F.mmamirl Servais 
L-2535 Luxembourg 


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PAGE 14 


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PAGE 20 


World Roundup 


Swiss Want Spartak 
Barred From Cup 

SOCCER Sion, the Swiss cham- 
pion, said Thursday it would not 
replay its UEFA Cup against Spar- 
tak Moscow after protesting that 
the goals were too small. 

Sion protested to UEFA when it 
discovered the goal crossbars in the 
Lokomotiv Stadium for its first- 
round 2-2 draw with Spartak were 12 
centimeters (4.7 inches) too low. 

Spartak advanced to the second 
round 3-2 on aggregate. 

“We’ll appeal if ordered to re- 
play,” said Christian Constantin, the 
Sion president “There is no reason 
to replay a match simply because the 
hosts didn't respect the rules. The 
sanction is very clear. The result 
must be annulled, and replaced by a 
3-0 result in favor of FC Sion.” 

Constantin, a former goalkeeper, 
noticed the discrepancy 20 minutes 
before kickoff. 

"They had half an hour to raise 
the crossbars, butthey just wouldn’t 
do it,” he said. Spartak led 1 -0 from 
the first leg in Switzerland. “Smal- 
ler goals means it's harder for both 
teams to score,” Constantin said. 
“Smaller goals favor a team that 
doesn’t need to score and Spartak 
didn’t need to. But were trailing.” 

Constantin said the Russian club 
had been “very attentive” to the 
size of the goals in the first match 
and had demanded a goal width be 
corrected by 2 millimeters. 

Vyacheslav Koloskov, head of 
die Russian soccer union, said Sion 
was attempting to “win the match 
at the table.’ (AP) 

Ijaz Blasts India 

cricket Ijaz Ahmed hita68-ball 
century on Thursday as Pakistan 
thrashed arch rivals India in Lahore 
to win a three-match series of one- 
day internationals, 2-1. 

Pakistan bowled India out for a 
- modest 216 in 49.2 overs and passed 
that total in a mere 26.2 overs. 

Ijaz and his hard-hitting partner 
Shahid Afiridi gave the home side a 
rousing start of 80 in 49 balls. Afridi 
crocked 47 off 23 balls, hitting five 
fours and three sixes. Ijaz hit six 
sixes and seven fours. (Reuters) 

Henman Advances 

Jt '- TENNIS Tim Henman, of Britain 
exploited poor- : seIving , by Karol 
-•Ktfcera of Slovakia dh Thursday, Co “ 
•Win, 6-4, 6-1, and move info the 
quarterfinals of the $1 million 
' Swiss Indoor in Basel 

Russian Yevgeni Kafelnikov, the 
No. 1 seed, beat Ivo Heuberger of 
Switzerland, 6-2, 4-6, 6-3, but other 
seeds fell. Lionel Roux of France 
beat Carlos Moya, the Spanish No. 2 
seed, 6-3, 3-6, 7-6. Magnus Norman i 
beat fellow Swede, Jonas Bjorkman, , 
seeded No. 5,6-1, 6-4. ( Reuters ) I 





Yevgeni Kafelnikov hitting to 
Ivo Heuberger on Thursday. 


^ ItcrdbSSribune 

Sports 


FRIDAY. OCTOBER 3, U 


Manchester United 
Gets By Juventus, 3-2 


The Associated Press 

LONDON — Juventus scored after 
24 seconds and again in the final minute 
of its Champions Cup match in 
Manchester, but in the 90 minutes be- 
tween the two goals everything went 
wrong fen- the I talian champion, which 
•lost, 3-2. 

Alessandro Del Piero gave Juventus 
the lead when he popped up all alone in 
the otherwise deserted Manchester 
United penalty area and easily beat 
goalkeeper Peter SchmeicheL 

Teddy Sheringbaxn equalized for the 
English champion with a powerful 
downward header. Alter D idler 
Deschamps, Jove’s midfield work- 
horse, was ejected in the second half, 

Champions CupSoccik 

United scored twice. Paul Scboles burst 
through die Italian defense, skipped 
around goalkeeper Angelo Peruzzi and 
put United ahead. In the 90th minute, 
Ryan Giggs increased the lead when he 
flashed a shot past Peruzzi from a nar- 
row angle but there was still time for 
Zinedine Zidane to curl a precise free 
kick over the United defensive wall and 
past SchmeicheL 

United has a maximum six points 
from two games in Group B. three ahead 
of Juventus and Dutch club Feyenoord, 
which beat Kosice of Slovakia, 2-0, in 
Rotterdam. 

The result gave United a measure of 
revenge for past results and England 
encouragement for a future encounter 
with Italy. Juventus and United were 
also in the same Champions League 
group last season when the I talians won 
both matches, 1-0. Seven members of 
the United team are in the English squad 
for the World Cup qualifying match 
against Italy in Rome on Oct 11. Eng- 
land needs to win or draw to win the 
qualifying group. Italy must win to 
overtake England Up to four members 
of Wednesday ’s Juventus team could be 
picked for Italy. 

In Rotterdam, Jean-Paul Van Gas tel 
gave Feyenoord a 26th-minute lead with 
a penalty kick that sneaked through 
goalkeeper Ladislav Molnar’s fingers. 
Julio Cruz added the second goal eight 
minutes later when he headed home 
after Van Gastel’s free kick hit die bar. 

Group A Stephane Chapuisat scored 
twice as Borussia Dortmund, the de- 
fending champion, beat Sparta Prague. 
4-1, in Germany to stay atop its group. 

in ltaly. Panm climbed to second 
with'a 2<) victory over Galatasaray of- - 
Turkey.' . 

Group b Barcelona, one of the fa- 
vorites in the competition, stumbled 
again Wednesday. 

Barcelona drew, 2-2, at home against 
PSV Eindhoven, even though the vis- 
itors played most of the match with 10 
men. 

Chris Van der Weerder, a PSV de- 
fender. was ejected in the 37th minute. 

Luis Enrique headed Barcelona into 
tiie lead in the 60th minute, but PSV’s 
midfielder Philip- Cocu leveled nine 
minutes later. 


Garnett Signs Record Contract 


The Associated Press 

MINNEAPOLIS — Kevin Garnett 
surpassed Shaquilie O'Neal as the owner 
of the richest contract in professional 
sports, agreeing with the NBA’s Min- 
nesota Timberwolves on a six-year ex- 
tension worth more than $121 million. 

The deal which some reports priced 
as high as S125 million, surpassed 
O’Neal’s seven-year, $120 million con- 
tract with the Los Angeles Lakers in 
total value, annual value and shock 
value. Michael Jordan has the richest 
one-year deal at an estimated S36 mil- 
lion for the 1997-98 season. 

“We all had slicker shock on the 
whole thing,” Kevin Me Hale, Min- 


nesota’s rice president of basketball op- 
erations, said Wednesday. “We put 
Kerin in the category of ‘future elite 
player.’ ” Garnett, 21, has only played 
two seasons in the NBA. 

While neither side would confirm the 
exact contract figure, Garnett’s agent, 
Eric Fleisher, called it “a precedent- 
setting” pact and acknowledged that it 
eclipsed O’Neal’s. 

Trie Wolves managed to persuade 
Garnett to sign without an “opt-out” 
clause, a provision which would have 
allowed him to leave before 2004, when 
the extension expires. 

“It’s not about the loot,” said Gar- 
nett. 



Slovenians Stop 
Solna With Draw 

The Associated Press 

Mladen Rudonja scored in extra 
time Thursday to give NX Primorje 
of Slovenia a 1-1 draw in the Cup 
Winners Cup and a 2-1 aggregate 
victory over AIK Solna of 
Sweden. 

Even though it was playing at 
home in Ajdovscina, Primage 
seemed content to guard its one- 
goal advantage, but Nebojsa 
Novakovic leveled for Solna in the 
77th minute and forced the match 
into overtime. 

The Swedes missed a penalty, hit 
a post and squandered a host of other 
chances before Rudonja headed the 
winner for the home team after a 
comer in the 1 10th minute. 

Copenhagen won 2-0 in the 
pouring rain in Armenia, to elim- 
inate Ararat Yerevan 5-0 on ag- 
gregate. 

In Moscow, Lokomotiv of Mos- 
cow outplayed and dominated 
B els hina Belarus en route to a 3-0 
Victory to advance to the second 
round 5-1 on aggregate. 


In the 73d min ute, Luis Enrique 
tinned sweetly on the edge of die PSV 
penalty area to score his second. 

But Peter Moller scored PSV’s 
second equalizer with five minutes 
left 

PSV and Barcelona remain three 
points behind Dynamo Kiev and New- 
castle United, which drew, 2-2, in 
Kiev. 

Serguei Rebrov shot Kiev ahead in 
the fourth minute. The English team 
then lost its star striker, Faustino As- 
prilla, to a knee injury and fell behind. 2- 
0, in the 28th minute when Andriy 
Shevchenko scored with a low cross 
shot 

Bat tiie bounce of the ball favored 
Newcastle in the second half as de- 
fender John Beresford scored twice. 

Group d Real Madrid, which has won 
the competition a record six times, 
scored an impressive 2-0 victory in 
Oporto against FC Porto, the Por- 
tuguese champion. 

Rosenborg of Norway thrashed 
Olympiakos, the Greek champion, 5-1, 
in Trondheim and lies, second in the 
group. 

Group E Bayern Munich, tiie German 
champion, beat Gothenburg, 3-1, in 
Sweden to pull clear at the head of its 
group. . 

Group f Two goals each by Thierry 
Henry and Nigerian star Victor Ikpeba 
gave Monaco a 4-0 home victory over 
Bayer Leverkusen of Germany. 

Sporting Lisbon, which drew, 1-1, in 
Ghent against Lierse, the Belgian cham- 

E ion, leads the group with four points, 
lonaco and Leverkusen have three and 
the Belgians one. 


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Paul Scholes of Manchester United bearing Angelo Peruzzi, the Juventus goalie, to score his team’s second goal. : 

New Beatles Inspire Reggae Boyz 


By Jere Longman 

Ne*- York Times Sen-ice 

While surfing the World Wide Web 
earlier this year, U.S. - Coach Steve 
Sampson came across a German soccer 
player named Michael Mason. 

The midfielder spoke little English 
and had never set foot in America, but 
Mason’s father was a retired serviceman 
bom in Philadelphia. Thus, under soc- 
cer’s liberal roles, the son was eligible 
for the U.S. national team. Mason was 
signed up and, given his Internet con- 
nection. was nicknamed Dotcom. 

It is a common practice for national . 
soccer teams to cast a wide net for 
players. Jack Charlton, who coached 
Ireland during die World Cop in 1990’ 
and 1994, was an acknowledged master. 
If a player had ever vacationed on tiie 
Emerald Isle, or stopped in to buy a 
wool sweater, Chariton seemed to find a 
way to make him eligible. 

And, after struggling early in the final 
round of qualifying for the 1998 World 
Cup, Jamaica took a plunge into the 
international talent pool 

Friday, when .Jamaica' plays the 
United States in Washington, its squad 
will feature four players from England 
who have revival a ragged, deflated 
team and given it a chance to become the 
first World Cup qualifier from the 
Caribbean since Haiti in 1974. 

Collectively, these British sons of Ja- 
maican immigrants have been labeled 
the Fab Four or the Beaties. One of 
them, Deon Burton, scored the winning 
goal for Jamaica in both of its recent 1-0 
victories over Canada and Costa Rica. 

A victory Friday would vault the 
Reggae Boyz, as the ream is known, to 


Scoreboard 


the top of the North American. Central 
American and Caribbean region with 
two games left. The top three teams in 
the six-team final qualifying group will 
advance to the World Cup in France. 

Rene Simoes, the Brazilian who has 
coached Jamaica to the verge of its first 
World Cup appearance, wanted players 
who were born in Jamaica and who 
played in Jamaica. He changed his mind 
after his team scored two goals in its first 
five qualifying games. The Reggae Boyz 
had wasted a chance at victory in a 0-0 
draw at home against an unprepared U.S. 
team in March. Then Jamaica lost 64) in 
Mexico after brawling with a Mexican 
clnb team during an earlier scrimmage. 

Onandi Lowe, one of Jamaica’s top 
players, walked off the field during tiie 
Mexico game after refusing Simoes’ 
order to switch positions. He was later 
suspended for four years. 

Simoes needed to make changes. 

“I knew there were more than 100 
players in the United Kingdom who have 
parents from Jamaica,” be raid. “My 
first attitude was to build a Jamaican 
product But we needed more- experi- 
ence, a more professional attitude.’ ’ - 

For a couple of years, Paul Hall and 
Fitzroy Simpson, had been sending let- 
ters and press dippings to tiie Jamaican 
federation from their playing base in 
Portsmouth, England. 

When they came to Kingston for a 
tryout in June, they asked a teammate, 
the Burton, 20, to join them. 

“There didn't seem to be any harm in 
him coming, so we said OK,” said 
Horace Reid, general secretary of the 
Jamaican federation. 

Burton, whose father is from Ja- 
maica, didn’t have any high hopes. 


*T was just going there to get fit for '■ 
the English season. ’ he said. “This is 
all a big surprise.” 

The last three months have been a 
splendid blur. Burton was sold by Ports-' ! 
mouth, of the English fust division, to* 
Derby County which plays a division * 
higher in the Premier League. In Ja- 
maica, he has gone from afterthought to 
national hero after his winning goals 1 
against Canada and Costa Rica. His 
shaved-head brilliance and cafe-au-lait 
skin have brought him the nickname of 
Ronaldo, after the Brazilian star. 

“From the looks of it, he’s a bit better 
than me, and he has a lot more money.” 
Burton said. 

Paired at forward with Burton. Hall 
has scored six goals in eight ^ames since 
joining the Jamaican team. Simpson has 
helped build cohesion in the midfield. 
Robbie Earie, 32, who: plays for 
Wimbledon in the Premier League, has 
come off the bench to relieve Burton. 

The English presence has allowed 
Simoes to dismiss another dissident, 
striker Walter Boyd, who criticized the [ 
coach for “wanting to be God”. 

“They bave-the English mentality, a 
high work rate,” said Steve Sampson, 
the U.S. coach. “In the past. Jamaica 
was criticized for a lack oi organization 
and work rate.” - 

A berth in the World Cup would have 
implications beyond soccer. 

“It would be a welcome push to the 
Jamaican psyche.” said Reid, general 
secretary of the soccer federation. 
“Each day in Jamaica and the Carib- 
bean we wake up to face the difficulties 
of the economy and employment. This 
would give us added incentive to go out 
and put in hard work.” 



Major League Playoffs 

wnmssDAY'sinrocoMs 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 

Bdttaore 001 044 000-9 13 0 
Seattle 000 100 101-3 71 

Mussina Orosco Cffl, A.Borntaz (9) and 
Hallea Webster (63; RaJahnsoa Timlin (A), 
SpaRarfc (A), B. Wefts (73. Chariton (Q raid 
Da.wason.W- Mussina 1-0. L— RaJotmson 
0-1. HRs— Boltfmore, Berroa O), HoSes (13- 
Seatfe E. Martinez fl), AJtodrtawz C1L 
Buhner 03. 

(Batflmareleah series 1-fl) 

NATIONAL LEAOUH 

Houston 001 300 000-3 6 2 

Atlanta 003 03S 020-13 10 1 

Hampton. Moanonte (5). R-Gcnda (a, Li- 
ma C7),.B.Wagner (87 and Ausmus. Pena £83.- 
Gtovtoe, Cottier (71. Written (9Hmd J. Lopez. 
W — Gkrvlrm 1-0. L— Hampton. 0-1. HR—AJ- 
kmta Blausarfl). 

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San Frnnctsco 111 100 104— 4 11 0 
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Hour (4). Tsnnz (6), R. Rodrtouez (B). 
tLHemandez (W and EL Johnson: Aletteb L. 
Hernandez 153, Nen (93 and CJohnson. 
W— Nen 1-0. L— R. Hernandez 0-1. 
HRs— San Fmndsm BJahnsan ( 1}. Florida, 
Sheffield (11. Banma C1J. 

(Florida toads series 2-0} 

Japanese Leagues 


Edmonton 

Cotonxta 

Las Angeles 

Anaheim 

Vancouver 

Calgary 

Sat Jose 


1 0 0 2 6 2 

0 0 1 . 1 2 2 

0 1 0 0 2 6 

0 10 0 13 

0 10 0 1 A 

Mancon/wofi 

W L T Pts GF GA 

1 0 0 2 5 3 


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Yokohama 69 58 

Hiroshima 6A 63 

Yam rurt 60 71 

HansNht 58 72 

OlimleN 59 74 

x-dndted league We 

lacmciiM 
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KWeteu 65 61 

Nippon Ham 63 71 

Dale! 59 67 

Lotte 55 71 


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1 MR T4M 

2 438 1054 


CENTRAL LEAGUE 

Chunictii 4 Yo kohama 3 
Hiroshima vs. Yotouft ppd, min 
nUSRCLfABUE 

Nippon Horn 1 alette 2 


ICE HOCKEY 


NHLStandihqs 


Aiuumc DIVISION 



W 

L 

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Pts 

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GA 

Phfladeiphki 

1 

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0 

2 

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Tampa Bay 

1 

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2 

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1 

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0 

2 

4 

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New Jersey 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

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a 

0 

0 

0 

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0 

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w 

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0 

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0 

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Ptttsburrii 

0 

0 

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0 

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0 

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CENTRAL DMSWH 

W L T Pis GF GA 
1 0 0 2 3 1 


Los Angeles. 2 10 0-3 

POtsburgh 2 10 0-3 

first Prato* P-Holdnr 1 (Brown, Jagi) 
(pp).Z P -Morozov l (Jagr, Frauds) 3> LArv 
Gatey 1 CSmytti. SturapeO (pp). A, LJL- 
GaOey 2. (op) . Second Period: UL-RoWtaHle 
T (Go Her. Smyth) (pp).A, P- Hatcher 2 (Jagr. 
aknisscn} (pp). Ttabd Period: None. 
Overton: Mono. Shits on god: LA- B-8-12- 
1-29. P- 8-7-13-1-39 Grafes Hurt. p. 
Banassa. 

Ottawa. 1 I o 0-2 

Montreal 2 0 0 0-2 

Hist Period: AMOdwr 1 (Malakhov, 
Rmrfll} (pp). Z O-Zhoilok 1 (Bonk, 
Kravchuk) (pp). 1 M- Richer 2 (Thornton. 
TOdrar) Second Period— O-Krowhuk 1 
(Dackeffl fsh). TtaH Period: None. 
Overti me: None. Shots on gold-. 0-8-11-10- 
1—30. M- 7-4-12-2— 2S. Goatee O- Rhodes. 
M-Moag. 

Florida 10 0—1 

PUtadotoHa 1 2 0 — 3 

Prat Period: P -Grafton i (Therten, 
ProspaO Z F-Ntedernwyer 1 (Meflanby) 
Second Period: P-Zubn» 1 (LeOato Coffey) 
(pp). 4. P-Faftoon 1 (Prospat, Grafton) (pp). 
ThrtP«tad:NoTje-Miss«lponaB>shat—P- 
Klatt third. Shots oa goat F- 10-08-24. P-8- - 
12-9—29. G Ba tes. P-Vanfatestmwck. P- 
HadaU. 

Caroftaa T 1 g_j 

TPapofloy 2 1 t_4 

First Ported: T-Ocaseftl 1, Z T-, Ronberg 
1 (DccareA Bnsdtoy) (pp). & Carolina. 
Dhteen 1 (ONefll) Second Period: Caroflna 
Emerson l (Cftkssaa Primcau) (pp). 5, T- 
CIocoreH 2 (Ysebaeri HamrlH (pp). TIM 
Period: T-Rnberg 2 (Bradley, Zamimer) 
(en). Shots on goal: Carolina 13-11-5—29. T- 
9-6-12—77 C oalloc Cantina, Wdd. T- 
Pappa. 

***Ngloa 4 0 0-4 

Toronto j g g_i 

first Period: W-Sveffanrskyl (J ohan sso n, 
Junear) (pp). Z W -Reekie 1 Wanownfchufc, 
Butts) IT- Korolev 1 (Jotmsaaaratd(pp).4, 
W% Juneau t (Oates, Johaimon] & W- 
z«Wk l (KonosrolehulO Second Period: 
None. 7Wd Period: None. SMs on goal: W- 
9-10-9—78. T- 17-11-8-36. BoaBes: W- 

Roaftrd KoLrig-T-Potwin. 

Befldto 1 j 0-2 

SLLeets 1 o 0-1 

first Period: B-Daraj i (McKee) Z S.L-, 
Modnniel (Duchesne) (pp). Second Period: 
a-Stttan ) (Hoizioger. Shannon) 4 B-Wdrd 1 
(5dton.WltaraOTUd Period: None. Shots an 
got* B- 7-10-2-19. SJ_- 15-8-11-36. 
GeaSes: B’Hasek.S.L-Fuhr. 

Do*® 10 10-2 

Coteredo 0 1 1 0—2 

FM Period: o-Mottaw 1 (Zubov, 

Nhoewmyk) (pp). Second Period: C- 
Komemkyi (Fombet^LaeietBd (ptf.TMrd 
Period: OAdrans I, 4 G-Wemm 1 (Yefle, 
KunO Overtime: None. Shots en good: D- u- 
8-5-2—26. C- M-ll-Hl. GaofiaR D- 
Beftwr. C-ftoy. 

DotroU 1 i i_3 

Cotgery 0 0 1—1 

first Period: D-Bmm 1 (Kadav) (pp). 
Second Period: D-S Iteration l (Udetrom, 
Lnpolnte) (fit). TMrd P tried: C-l#nto 1 
(SffltmarvHulse) 4rD-Lapafnh 1 (Shanahan^ 


LMstrom) (en). Shots on goal: D- 7-4-7— 2a 
C- 6-10-10-26. Grades: D -Osgood. C- 
Tabmacd. 

Chicago 1 0 1—2 

Pboentt 1 i 4—6 

first Period: C-Prabert 1 ISytora, Sutari 
(pp). Z Phoenix, Numminen 1 (RoenfckJ 
Second Period: Pimento Cortatml (Roadck) 
(sh). Third Period: Phoenix. Drake l 
(Ranting, Gartner) 5. C-Kitvokroiov 1 
(Shantz, Proberi) 6. Phoenix, Madver 1 
Uormey, Gwtner) T, Ptraento, Roenick I, & 
Phoenix, McKenzie 1 (Tocdwt Ranting) 
Shots rat graft C- 8-11-11 — 30. Phoentt 8-5- 
12—25. Ganges: C-Hadert. Phoenix, 
Khablbufin. 

Edmmtoo 1 a 3-5 

SonJou 0 3 0-3 

First Ported: E-McAnunond 1 (Bannister, 
WMtney) Socond Perio* SJ.-McSortey 7 
(Bum Ragnorason} 3, E-Anwtt 1 (WhBner, 
Weight) (pp). < SJ/> Kozlov 1 [Noton. 
Badger) (pp),5.SJ.-Kartav2(Nichote)^E- 
Araatt 2 (Weight Mardment) Third Porto* 
E-Borohoorsky 1 (KovOtenkn, Bantota) 
(PP). & E-Weight l (Machard, Kovalenko) 
(pp). Shots an gnat: E- 5-15-7—27. SJ.- 1 5-9- 
14—38. Goaftos.- E-Jaseph. SJ.-Veman. 


■TAMDfNase Spading Lisbon 4 points: 
Morraca 3i Bayer Leveriusen 3.- Ltese 1. 

Cup Winners Cup 

Ararat Yerevan. AimeniaaCaponhogen2 
FC Copenhagen wan 549 on aggregate. 
Prtmeuie Atdovsdna, Stovenia ,1 AIK Shxk- 
hoftn 1 , 

Primoriemn 2-1 an aggregate. 

Latanrativ Moscow 3, Bohnrtsk, BetarmC 
Lckoraativ Moscow won 5-1 an aggregate. 1 
VtB Stuttgart, 2 Vestmannaeyian loriand 1 ■ 
Stuttgart won 5-2 an aggregate. 


TRANSITIONS 


BASKETBALL 


EuroLeaoue 

anowB 

PAOK Salonika 72. Extudtontes Madrid 76 

aitaupc 

Ulkerepor, Tuttay 67, Pau Orthez, France 64. 

. GROUP D 

Teransyetem Botogwr7a AEK Athens 67 


CRICKET 


MKmj|NVS.IMMA 
3D AND FINAL 1 -BAY 
THUR8DAV. IN LAHORE. PAIOSTWt . 

India: 216hi 49J oven 

PoWstan:219 for one in 26i overs 
Pakistan won by 9 wtetetx wins series 2-1. 

MnmiianvisoinHmKx 

«*Y MATCOf. 30 DAT 

South Africa: 305-7 dadoed and 152-5 
Pakistan Cricket Board X): 132. 


SOCCER 


Champions’ League • 

QROIIP A 

fionnla Dortmund. 4 Sparta Prague, i 
Parma, £ Gakrtasoray. Thfftey 0 

Dortmund 6 poWsrPanM 
4’Sporta Prague I; Galatasaray 0 
GROUPS 

Feyraroard Rotherdom £ Kosice, Slovakia 0 
Manchester United 3. Juventus 2 
ctamhmosi Mdnchoater United 6 
porar Juventus 1 Feyenoord 1 Kosice 0 
anowc 

Daicetona £ Psv Ebidhowa NeftHttanis 2 
Dynamo Oev£ Newcastle United 2 
■nworaicte Dynamo IOev4poinb:Nnr- 
ensfle LlnitBd 4- BaraeioM 1; Eindhovm 1 . 

GROUP 0 

Prate URta Madrid 2 

Rosenborg, Hanwy i OtympkJios Piraeus 1 

Real Madrid 6 potnfe 
Rrawteorgl Otympiakos PwtoQ. 
OROUPH 

IRCMtiOThwg i, Baywn Mudeh 3 

BoMtn. Turkey £ Parts 5t Germain 1 

Bayern Munich ft poftns 

Prate SttSermoto 3fBeslWas 3®altoUjurii a 

onouPF 

Ltarea Brighnn 1, Sporting Lisbon 1 
Monaw At Boyer Lovericusen 0 


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CHICAGO— Signed G Dante Catabria. F 
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a ra vowe-SigrMd G Pete Myets. 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1997 


PAGE 21* 


SPORTS 


Romp, Beating 
Juni U!1 Johnson for 4th Time 

" Vi ctor y Trumps the Mariners’ Ace 


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-SEATTLE The Baltimore Orioles made 
il 4*for-4 agajftst Randy JohnwM in J 997 and 
wg«l playoffs on an overwhelmingly 
. successful note. ** v 

They roughed up baseball’s dominant 
• pitcher this year once more, and they rode the 
handiwork of their own pitching acc, Mike 
Mussina, W a lopsided 9-3 triumph over John- 
son and the Seattle Mariners at the Kingdome 
m Game 1 of their first-round series. 

, The Orioles got home runs from Geronimo 
lima and Chris Hoiles. Mike Bordick, Eric 
. Oavis and B.J. Surhoff each batted in two 
nms. 

*Tm not someone to think of sending 

messages and how a series might turn on one 

game,” the Orioles third baseman Cai Ri pken 
said. “These are two great teams. But the fear 
going in is that Randy is going to have a big 
' influence on the series. For us to win the first 
. game makes you feel a lot better. But you still 
have to win two more.” 

Davey Johnson, the Orioles* manager, 
again went to his right-handed-hitting lineup 
— minus Rafael Palmeiro, Surhoff and 
■ Roberto Alomar — against the left-handed 
Randy Johnson. And again it worked. 

_ Johnson surrendered five nms on seven 
Juts and four walks in five innings, and Pal- 
laeiro, Alomar and Surhoff were in the game 
oy the sixth. Johnson was 0-3 with a 638 
earned run average in four starts against the 
Orioles this year, and the Mariners lost all 
four games. He had a 20-2 record against 
everyone else in ’97. 

Mussina was. by far. the better pitcher. 

He served up homers to Edgar Martinez in 
the fourth and Jay Buhner in the seventh. But 
he limited the Mariners to five hits and two 
runs over seven innings for the biggest victory 
of his career. He didn’t issue a walk and struck 
our nine. 

Bordick got the Orioles going with a run- 
sconng double in the third inning. The Ori- 
oles then had a four-run fifth against Johnson 
’ and added four in the sixth against relievers 
Mike Timlin and Paul Spoijaric. 

Brady Anderson provided a tie-breaking 
•run-scoring single in the fifth after Paul Sor- 
'renlo, the Seattle first baseman, helped out 
with a throwing error. Davis had a two-run 
single in the inning, and Berroa left the King- 


dome s largest-ever baseball crowd — 
« £ l 9 — vzrtaa tfy silent with an opposite- 
n«Jd home run. Hoiles opened the sixth with a 
homer off Timlin. Bonuck aAfcd a run-scor- 
tng single, and Surhoff capped the inning with 
a two-run pinch-hit double off SpoKaric to 
make it 9-1. • . . . 

Ripken finished the night with th****- Mr s, 

• while Anderson and Bordick had two each. 
Bordick and Jeffrey Hammonds scored two 
runs apiece. 

Alex Rodriguez hit a nin th- inning hrwnnr 

off reliever Armando Benitez farSeattle’s 
third run. 

Davey Johnson, as promised, had Jeff Re-, 
boulet at second base, Jerome Walton at first 
base and Hammonds in left field in the start- 
ing lineup. 

“I’ll just sleep better tonight,” the man- 
ager said. “A lot of timas you have to take a 
gamble that’s calculated. Ifelt like lhad to put 
my neck on the chopping block. But it’s not 
really a risk when you have great players. ” 

The Orioles broke through in the third. Ham- 
monds drew a one-out walk mi four pitches. 
No. 9 hitter Bordick fooled off two pitches after 
the count reached 0-2, then doubled into die left 
field comer, scoring Hammonds. 

Hammonds got the Orioles going in the 
fifthby drawing a leadoff walk. Randy John- 
son had him picked off as Hammonds broke 
for second rase. But Sorrento got his feet 
tangled and made an off-balance, low throw 
to second. The ball struck Ha mmo nds and 
bounced into left field. Bordick drew a walk, 
and Anderson squeezed abase hit through the 
middle to put the Orioles in front, 2-1. 

Reboulet fouled off two bunt attempts but 
got down a two-strike bunt to advance die 
runners. Davis had struck oat in his previous 
two at-bats and fell behind in the count again, 
but on a 1-2 pitch he pulled a chopper over 
third baseman Mike Blowers to get both 
runners home. Davis was thrown out trying to 
steal second base, butBenoa sent a drive over 
the right field fence to make it S-l. 

Piniclla went to T imlin in the sixth, and 
Hoiles deposited his third pitch beyond die 
wall in left-center field. Palmeiro, hitting for 
Walton, yanked a shot to right-center for a 
double and scored one out later when Bordick 
grounded a single into center field. Alomar, . 
batting for Reboulet, was walked intention- 
ally with two out, and Surhoff, hitting for 
Davis, singled to score Bordick and Alomar. 



Alou’s Clutch Hit 
Gives Marlins . 

-« 

2d Late Victory 


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Jeff Blanser of the Braves connecting for a three-run homer off Mike Hampton. 

Braves, Up 2-0, Aren’t Partying Yet 


By Ray Glier 

Washington Post Service 


ATLANTA — The Atlanta Braves have a 
lead of two games to zero over die Houston 
Astros in their National League Division 
Series and can wrap up the best-of-five series 
on Friday in Houston. 

The Braves know what you’re thinking: 
They embarrassed the Yankees in the first two 
games of the 1996 World Series, looked un- 
beatable and were proclaimed a lock for the 

tide. BmNew York retaliated with fourstraight 

victories to shock die Braves and everyone 
who had thought the Braves were in. That’s 
why die Braves assumed nothing after they 
crushed the Astros, 13-3, on Wednesday. 

“It’s not over,” said Jeff Blaus er, the 
Braves' shortstop. “We know dial better than 
anyone. We've been through enough of these 
postseason series to know you can never 
relax. Ask the Gan-fmak about that” The 


Cardinals led the Braves by three games to 
one last year before losing the National 
League Championship Series. 

However, if Houston’s pitching remains as 
shaky as it was Wednesday, there is no way 
the Astros will gather momentum. The Braves 
drew 10 walks, including eight issued by 
Houston's starting pitcher, Mike Hampton. 

The Braves took control of what was a 3-3 
in the fifth inning when the southpaw 
lpton walked four consecutive batters. 
There were two out in the inning when be lost 
all command. Of his next 18 pitches, 16 were 
balls. After Hampton walked Andrew Jones 
to force in area with die bases loaded, pinch- 
hitter Greg Colbrunn bounced a single into 
right field to score two runs off reliever Mike 
Magnante, and it was 6-3. 

The Braves ended all drama in the sixth 
inning by scaring five runs, four of diem 
unearned, after an error by Houston's first 
baseman. Jeff Bagwell. 


By Charlie Nobles 
New York Tones Service 

MIAMI — Standing in the 
batters box with the game on 
the line, facing a man with a 
100-nrile-an-bour fastball, 
Moises Alon had to cast aside 
the fact that he had no hits in 
eight playoff at-bats. 

“Those last at-bats really 
didn’t mean anything,” Alou 
said. “My thought was, ‘I 
have everything to gain and 
nothing to lose.’” 

“Actually I was 0 for 0 in 
my mind.” the Marlins left 
fielder said in the afterglow 
of a 7-6 victory over the San 
Francisco Giants, made pos- 
sible by his single with two 
out in the ninth against re- 
liever Roberto Hernandez. 

•The dramatic finish gave 
Florida a 2-0 lead in the best- 
of-5 Division Series, with the 
teams resuming play on Fri- 
day in San Francisco. 

Alou's hit up the middle 
scored Gary Sheffield, who 
had singled to open the ninth 
inning and stole second. 
Dante Powell's throw from 
center field appeared to have 
a chance to get Sheffield — 
who had got a slow start on 
Alou's hit — but it hit the 
mound and bounced up. 

“It looked like it had a 
good chance of getting him,” 
Giants manager Dusty Baker 
said, “ft’s a game of inches,” 
he added ruefully. 

For the Giants, a major 
league best 43-28 in games 
decided by one or two runs in 
the regular season, this was 
their second straight playoff 
loss in that category. 

Jim Ley land, the Marlins 
manager, marveled at how his 
club pot together a rally 
against Hernandez after San. 
Francisco had tied the game 
in the top of die ninth on two 


errors. “It’s the most amaz- • 
mg f fting to me that agny can - 
even throw a ball 100 miles an ' 
. hour,” Lcyland said. “That’s . 
hard enough. But then to be * 
able to hit it hard somewhere, . 
that’s just as amazing.” j 

After a pause, he added,! 
“Basically I’m telling you • 
why I started managing at age ; 
26." 

Bobby B onilla and Sbef- • 
field each bad three hits for the j 
Marlins. Bonilla drove in three ; 
tuns and Sheffield one — with .' 
a home run. Rookie pitcher ■ 
Li van Hernandez, 9-3 in the \ 
regular season but demoted to . 
the bullpen for the playoffs, ; 
surrendered three bits and a.’ 
run over four innings. 

A1 Lei ter started for Flor- ; 
.ida, but he never developed • 
any consistency, allowing \ 
four runs and seven hits, with • 
three walks, over four in-] 
rungs. Fellow lefty Shawn! 
Estes didn’t fare any better. * 
The Giants starter left after a 
shaky three-plus innings. 

The Giants were down by a 
run in the ninth. Danyl ■ 
Hamilton reached first on an , 
error by first baseman Jeff. 
Conine. Then Stan Javier, 
who had four hits, in the 
game, managed a broken- bat 
single that barely reached the ' 
outfield grass. Jose Vizcaino 
struck out trying to bunt ; 
Then Barry Bonds strode to ■ 
the plate to face reliever Robb 
Nen. Power against power. 

Nen won the battle by get- • 
ting Bonds to hit a routine . 
bouncer to shortstop. But in 
seeking to turn an inning- 
ending double play, second • 
baseman Craig Counsel! ■ 
threw wildly to first, allowing • 
the tying run to score. 

“This victory was huge*” . 
a smiling; Alou said. ‘*The’ 
way we’re playing, I like our ! 
chances against anybody.". • 


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Hasek , With 33 Saves , Leads Sabres to Victory 


The Associated Press 

Domimk Hasek picked up where he 
left off last season, making 33 saves as die 
Buffalo Sabres beat die Sl Louis Blues, 
3-1, on opening night in the National 
Hockey League. 

“The same old tricks.” his teammate 
Dixoa Ward said of Hasek. “He doesn’t 


ranxise us anymore.' 
Last i 


xr KS33 C b53B 1S 


Theorem Henry, left, of Calgary checking Doug Brown of Detroit. 


season Hasek became die first 
goal tender since Jacques Plante in 1962 

WHUewF 

to be named die NHL’s Most Valuable 
Player. On Wednesday night he stopped 
several poim-blank sfaots. 

*T thought we outplayed them, out- 
gunned diem and just couldn’t buy one,” 
said Brett HuU of the Blues who was 
blanked on six shots. 

The Sabres made it a successful debut 
for Lindy Ruff. one of eight coaches who 
started with new teams Wednesday. The 


coaches had a combined 4-2-2 record. 

Miroslav Satan. Jason Dawe and Dix- 
on Ward scored fra the Sabres. 

A1 Maclnnis scored for St Louis. * 
lightning*, H«irr<ci n« 2 In TampO; the* 
renamed and relocated Hartford Whalers 
lost their first game as die Carolina Hur- 
ricanes. Dino Ciccarelli had two goals 
and an assist fra the Lightning. Mikael 
Renberg also scored two goals for Tampa 
Bay , die second into an empty net with 3 1 
seconds left Kevin Dineen and Nelson 
Emerson scored fra the Hurricanes. 

King* 3, Pangums 3 Garry Galley 
scored twice in his return to the Los 
Angeles lineup and as the Kings rallied 
from a two-goal deficit to tie in Pitts- 
burgh. It was die Penguins’ first game 
since Mario Lemieux’s retirement. 

Luc Robitaille, also on his second tour 
with the Kings, put Los Angeles ahead 3- 
2 at 4:04 of the second. Kevin Hatcher's 
second power-play goal made it 3-3 at 
14:31 of the second. Alexi Morozov 


scored his first NHL goal for Pittsburgh, 
playing its first game under coach Kevin 
Constantine. 

Fiyar*3, Panthers t Chris Grattan, the 
former Tdmpa Bay cehtePWho signed'^" 
five-year, $163 million contract with-*’ 
Philadelphia, had a goal and an assist as 
the Flyers brat visiting Florida. 

Darnins Zubrus and Pat FaUoon also 
scored and Ron Hextall made 23 saves in 
the Flyers’ first game under coach Wayne 
Cashman. 

Capitals 4, kfapta Loaf* i In Toronto, 
Bill Ranford and Olaf Kolzig combined 
to make 35 saves and Washington scored 
four first-period goals against the Maple 
Leafs. • ; 

■ CanatBan* 2, S an at o r* 2 lgOT Kravchuk 
scored a sborthanded goal midway 
through the third period as Ottawa tied in 
Montreal. 

Stephane Richer scored both goals for 
Montreal, playing its first game under 
coach Alain Vigncanlt 


star* 2, Avatanche 2 fid Belfour, mak- ! 
ing his debut for Dallas after leaving San ,• 
Jose as a.freeagenLiroade 29 saves ip the ( 
St?rs^yvi$ CoJotJo,* . qz , j 
Rm< .Wigiis*. 3T JPtwwwr. i In Calgf0|r,{ 
Brendan Shanahan and. Martin Lapointe j. 
each had a goal and an assist and Chris • 
Osgood made 25 saves as Detroit opened ] 
its Stanley Cup title defense with a vie- • 
tray over Calgary. ‘ 

Coyotax 6, Btaokhawtc* 2 Jeremy Roen- . 
ick scored a goal and had two assists to ; 
lead the Coyotes to victory in Tim ! 
SchoenfeJd’s debut as coach. 

on*m 5, Shark* 3 In San Jose, Jason 
Amott scored two goals and Edmonton 1 
goalie Curtis Joseph made 35 saves to !. 
improve to 19-3 agalhsfthe Sharks. 

Drake Berdbowsky broke a 3-3 tie on a * 
two-man advantage at 7:55 of the third - 
period, and Doug Weight and Dean ; 
McAmmond also scored for the OQeis. ! 
Mike Vernon, the playoff MVP last season ■ 
fra Detroit, made 22 saves fra the Shades. ! 


— ^ DENNIS THE MENACE PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 




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A Clockwork Crime 


The Soul of Polish Jazz and the Free Market 


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By Ronald Smothers 

York Tima Service 

C AMDEN, New Jersey — 
Francis X. Vitale Jr. was 
undone by time. 

It all started, he said, with 
his passion for antique clocks, 
a passion that became an ob- 
session and led him to em- 
bezzle more than $12.4 mil- 
lion from Engelhard Corp., 
where he was a senior vice 
president with the power to 
approve expenditures of up to 
$1 million. 

He said in federal district 
court here this week that he 
used the money to build what 
became known as one of the 
world's finest collections of 
18th- and 19th-century Euro- 
pean clocks. Like most col- 
lectors. it was not just the 
intricate meshing of gears and 
inner w orkings, or the beauty 
and ornate craftsmanship of 
the casings, that fascinated 
him. It was, he once wrote, 
"the fine art of time" itself. 

Vitale, 53, in on agreement 
with the U.S. attorney's office 
in New Jersey, pleaded guilty 
to one count of wire fraud and 
one count of tax evasion, and 
faces up to five years in pris- 
on. He will be sentenced in 
January. His muitimiliion- 
dollar clock collection was 
auctioned off to help make 
restitution to Engelhard, a 
specialty chemical and metal 
products maker, and pay the 
Internal Revenue Service. 

In the year after his em- 
bezzlement was discovered, 
Vitale has lost his job, lost his 
antique clock shop in his 
hometown of Spring -Lake, 
put his million -dollar home 
on the market, entered ther- 
apy and volunteered for com- 
munity service. He has over- 
seen the auctioning off of the 
objects of his desire without 
the slightest hint to the world 
that it was a sale ordered by 
his accusers to make resti- 


tution and by prosecutors as a 
condition for leniency. 

Vitale, slightly built, gray- 
haired and somber in a slate- 
gray suit, was mostly silent 
during the half-hour proceed- 
ing before Judge Joseph H. 
Rodriguez. His lawyer, Justin 
P. Walder, emphasized that 
the money was not stolen to 
"support a lifestyle of fast 
women and slow horses." 

“He was obsessed to the 
point that it interfered with bis 
judgment," Walder said. 
"The money was used to pur- 
chase and resell antioue 
clocks, because he marveled at 
their creation and was in awe 
of their creators. This isn't an 
excuse or defense for what be 
did. Just an explanation.’ ' 

Many of (he docks wound up 
in a museumlike antique shop 
owned by Vitale and nis wife, 
Linda, in a white stucco budd- 
ing with large arched windows 
in downtown Spring Lake. 


"They dealt in absolutely 
exquisite clocks, and people 
would fly in from Europe to 
buy their clocks," said Rose- 
mary Morrissey, co-owner of 
the Village Clock Shop in ad- 
jacent Spring Lake Heights. 
"The cheapest thing I saw 
there was $17,000." 

Faith S. Hochberg, the U.S. 
attorney for New Jersey, said 
that the case came under fed- 
eral jurisdiction because it in- 
volved a multinational, pub- 
licly held corporation and a 
series of international trans- 
actions and wire transfers. 

"We've seen straight-out 
embezzlement cases and there 
have been crimes of fraud 
which involved more money," 
she said in a telephone inter- 
view. "But rarely have we seen 
a high-level corporate executive 
earning an enormous salary in 
the high six figures breach a 
trust in order to support an ob- 
session with clocks.” 


By Mike Zwerin 

International Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — For all you nostalgia 
nuts out there we herein pro- 
claim the renaissance of Polish 
jazz. 

Hie first European jazz festival 
was in Sopot, a beach resort near 
Gdansk. It was August 1956, only 
two years after the first American 
jazz festival in Newport. 

Pianist Krzysztof Komeda 
topped the bill. His was die first 
Polish band to play modem jazz. 
The next year Roman Polanski 
commissioned Komeda to write the 
music for his film “Two Men and a 
Wardrobe." It was the first film for 
both of them. 

They would go on to make 
"Knife in the Water,” “Cul de 
Sac" and “Rosemary's Baby" to- 
gether. They were pals. Komeda 
also wrote music for Andrzej Wa- 
jda films, among others — more 
than 40 in alL 

Tomas z Stanko, Komeda *s 
trumpeter, has just released an al- 
bum of his music called "Litania" 
(ECM). And he'll be playing 
Komeda on tour this fall in London, 
Stockholm, Copenhagen, and the 
Nancy and Berlin jazz festivals. 

A group named after Komeda 
that Billboard magazine described 
as a “surreal Swedish pop band" 
released a record tided ‘ ‘The Geni- 
us of Komeda. ’ ’ The magazine said 
that Komeda the composer was 
"known for his elemental and of- 
ten jazz-oriented music for the 
movies.” And the band's leader 
says that Komeda "used rhythm 
and melodies in unexpected ways 
to form a nice mood." 

"Nice moods" were not exactly 
what Krzysztof Komeda was look- 
ing for, but never mind. "You use 
what situations you get.' ' as Stanko 
says. 

In 1969 in Hollywood, just as it 
was beginning to look like he would 
have a career there, Komeda fell 
down, hit his head, went into a 
coma and died. “The success of 
‘Rosemary’s Baby,”’ says Po- 
lanski, "owed much to Komeda's 


empathy and creative imagina- 
tion." 

Komeda’s lyrical music has 
been more accurately described as 
"Slavic soul.” And Stanko is one 
soulful Pole, a funky Slav indeed. 

“I use situations,” he says. "I 
respect commercial laws. The law 
of the marketplace. I have to re- 
spect ic. If I have jazz to sell. I must 
know that it is difficult to selL” 

Ironically, it was easy to sell 
under the Communist dictatorship, 
even though there was only one 
client The state bought pretty 
much all of it The Polish Jazz 
Society had perfected many ways 
to obtain subsidies from the state to 
make music that expressed the mu- 
sicians* hatred of it. 

It was a wonderful joke. Polish 
jazz players were heroes behind the 
Iron Curtain. The audience loved 
the joke even when they, did not 
quite get the music. Hie system, 
however, did not seem to.get any of 
it. The money kept coming in. 

Without the political metaphor, 
however, Polish jazz had to stand in 
line with everyone else. Stanko 
quickly understood that the secret 
was to be “independent I don’t 
need much money. I don't have 
family. My girlfriend has her own 
money. I have this loft I bought 15 
years ago in cheap times. One hun- 
dred square meters, good neigh- 
borhood in Warsaw. You don ’t find 
that any more. 

"I don't go out much. I don't 
drive a car. I don't have a hobby, 
like golf. Only music. I stopped 
drinking and I stopped doping. 1 
stopped for financial reasons, to be 
independent, not for health. I am a 
strong guy. 

“The record business is also get- 
ting privatized now. I get very small 
money for reissues. Drop by drop. 
To live, Poland is maybe 40 percent 
cheaper than France. Restaurants 
are expensive, but I don't need res- 
taurants. The food is bad anyway. I 
wait for better times. I cook myself 
macrobiotic food. I use the situation 
to learn codring.” 

Stanko 's Komeda project was 
the idea of Manfred Eicher, pres 



Tomasz Stanko respects “the law of the marketplace. 


idem of ECM Records. Stanko 
says: "I trust Manfred. Bui il was 
difficult to figure how important is 
Komeda. I looked into it deeper. I 
think it is a good idea, musically 
and commercially. So I try. 1 do the 
best I can." 

To begin to understand how the 
free musical market hit Poland you 


should know that Polish bands got 
gigs on German cruise ships, be- 
cause they were cheaper than Ger- 
man bands and just as good: 
“Everybody was afraid what would 
happen to jazz in a free market, 
afraid it would get more commer- 
cial. It's hard for people to adjust 
"But,” Stanko continues, 


"there was more work. More fail i 
rivals, small Polish festivals 'gf \ 
small towns. Before it was just the 
state. There are a lot of promoters I 
now., in each city there is a 05: \ 
mater. There is lots of competing j 
But I do O.K, I have a very pod 1 
band and a very low overhead. '* 

Looking bade now, Stanko real- 
izes that bad Komeda not died h 
Hollywood, he might very wefl 
have wound up there himself. Ac- 
tually. Komeda had promised him. 
As it was. Stanko formed his own 
band in Warsaw: *T never cnag* 
rased because it's a tough life ut 
America and I'm a lazy car. Now l 
work harder, 1 work the telephone. 
Terrible. But what 10 do? 

"I have a problem with Ian. 
guages It’s difficult forme to learn. 

1 only speak Polish and very bad 
English. Sometimes that is better. 
You can say to a promoter: 'Som, 

I don’t understand.' '* . 

He lost his reetha few years agof* 
Developing a new embouchure has4 
been a slow process: He’s lucky ' 
because his ’.'dirty sound"' was 
already his ti^demariL So it can 
stay dirty. He has a good dentist, 
and his new teeth can wfthstand'ihe , 
pressure of a mouthpiece. No im- 
plants. howeven "With implants, 
you are never sure what will break 
first.” 

Hehadunly been breaking in his 
new teeth for two months when the 
French director Louis Malle called 
to offer him $3,000 to play on tie 
sound track of. his latest movie. . - 

"O.K." Stanko told Malle 
* * Right away. No hesitation,* ' even 
though his lip was still getting tired & 
quickly. Luckily it was only half an * 
hour of music and kk iqy sound 'was 
just as dirty as ever.”;; / ... 

He practices long tones. Hours 
and hours of long tone&evexy day. 
Hiey are so very, veiy boring. But - 
thanks 10 Long tones his lip is strong 
again — even stronger titan with 
real teeth. He practices long tones 
while watching televirion: -'Bor- 
ing television makes .long tones 
less boring. Stupid soap operas. 
Football. The Tour de France is 
very good. Tennis is best' 1 


THE MEDIUM IS THE MESSAGE 


PEOPLE 


An Enfant Not-So-Terrible in Britain’s House of Poetry 

J from his pedestal in central Berlin to undergo 


By Warren Hoge 

AVir York Tima Service 

L ONDON — The coming act is an- 
nounced, and the crowd begins to quiet f. 
down. It’s Murray Lachlan Young, who is % 
going 10 recite his own work. 

Quieter still. 

It's poetry. 

- Dead silence. 

A tall man in drainpipe trousers, quilted vest* 
velvet Regency frock coat and lank Byronic 
locks strides purposefully onto the stage. The 
applause is strained. He stands and glowers. 

‘ ‘They're chinking to themselves, ‘Oh my God, 

Oh my God this is really terrible, how long is 
he going to go on for. what am 1 going to have 
to do. am I going to have to pretend to like this, 
this is going to be dreadful,’ said Young. “And 
all this before I have said a single worcL" 

Over coffee in his Soho arts club. Young was 
describing his nightly encounters with the shud- 
dering fear induced in audiences by the mere 
mention of the word poetry. "We do associate 
the idea of a person standing up in a room about 
to recite his poetry with an element of tenor, and 
I play on that a little bit at the start of my show Mi 
when I just stand there and look very correct." 

.And he heightens the bar for himself by versifying in 
places where people dare not utter the dreaded p-word 
— places like nightclubs in the West Ena film 
premiere ponies, rock concert arenas, bikers' pubs, 
discotheques and television show launches. 

"Poetry clubs would be preaching to the con- 
vened. and that’ s not my scene.’ ’ he said. “I like to 
go places where there’s" the danger that something 
could go horribly wrong." 

No mailer how much he ups the peril factor, little 
goes wrong these days for Young. Billed as a 
“performance poet." he has captured the attention 
of people who never paid attention to poetry, 
indeed has achieved rock star status in Britain. 
Commercial confirmation has come with a $1.8- 
million package deal with EMI. which has re- 
corded “Vice & Verse." a disk of his readings to 
jazz backgrounds, and a $400,000 contract with 
MTV for a series of 90-second cameos now airing 
in Britain and the United States. 

.As the audience cowers, he speaks. The attitude is 
superior, snarly, mischievous, with lots of theatrical 
pauses, angular glances and bitten consonants that 
carve sharp edges on his words. “Half man. half 
prawn, reclining on a corned beef chaise longue/ Yes. 
contemporary art is what I speak of, " and Young is off 
on a wicked tear sending up conceptual ait. 

The poem talks of a gallery opening where the 



gallery opening where the 


Murray Lachlan Young, master of performance poetry. 

\ in buzz of anxious anticipation is interrupted by a bet 
3rd miniature breed dog who squats and defecates at 
ilm the entrance. “Hence a group from die art school/ wc 
bs. Had left their depression/ Declaring a spontaneous he! 

act of expression. " ach 

>n- Young. 28, writes of a video generation world of cot 
to consumers of hip, an brats, ravers, faux aristocrats and Sh: 
ng soi-disam sophisticates be has inhabited in his own foi 
louche periods. He actually studied the subject wc 
rle through a remarkable college major at Salford Uni- sty 
< a versiry in Manchester that announced itself as the first- huj 
on ever degree course in media performance. The tide of I 
ly. Young’s thesis? “The Sociology of Stardom." est 

in. The titles of his poems are less self-conscious, ant 
,8- more playful There are "The Closet Heterosexual,’’ Ho 
ne- “I'm Being Followed by the Rolling Stones," "The yei 
to Boy Wbo Struck the Recxnxling Deal” and "Simply po< 
ith Everyone's Taking Cocaine,” his signature work, rec 
ng which be declaims in a tone of affectation pitched gre 
somewhere between Ascot and Healey. cal 

‘ is Surprisingly, they are morality fables, with vague stri 
cal cultural links going back to the "Cautionary Tales" of i 
tar of the British writer Hilaire Belloc 80 years ago and of 1 
alf the whimsical social pamphleteering of the Vic- 1 
es. torians. He may have dressed in white and doused sou 

aff himself with talcum powder for the reading of his rati 
most famous piece, but he is not making die decadent ize 
be demimonde activity he lampoons sound Hushing tha 


“Oh haw gay it all seems! And how bright 
we all are! How much fun we are having! And 
oh what a lark! To have blistering jousting! 
And sharp repartee! Oh please less less! less 
about you! And please more . more! Mon, 
more about me" 

He chose a recent well-tailored gathering of 
Britain's glitterati at an elegant lawn party in 
southern England to declaim his “Casual 
Sex," in which people giddily shout out the 
brand names of designer luxury goods at 
moments of ecstasy. 

His young fans respond enthusiastically 
even when they’re not clear exactly what you, 
.am, call it. "I played a comedy club last 
night,’ ' he said, "and afterwards these people 
came up to me and said, ‘I don't like poetry, 
but I thought what you did was great' " 
Young was bom in Washington, where his 
Scottish father, a British Ministry of Defense 
representative, was posted, but be was reared in 
Kent Dyslexic, he had trouble reading words, so 
he compensated by saying them. "I come from a 
rugby-playing family, and I went to a tough, 
rugby-playing school and I was tall and very fain. 
I learned to be a fast talker because it was a way of 
try* staying in one piece in school. You either fought 
or you talked or you withdrew, and I’ve never 
been a sort of withdrawing person.” 

An underachiever in school, he aimlessly 
worked as a bicycle courier, a pizza cook, a farm 
helper, and a gardening assistant until he spotted an 
advertisement in a newspaper for the sui generis 
course at Salford. He auditioned with some 
Shakespeare readings, earned a spot, and soon 
found himself writing, performing, and having his 
work recognized. * ‘When someone first mentioned 
style in conjunction with writing with me, it was a 
huge shock," he said. 

Praise for his style is not what he hears from more 
established poets. "The medium is his message, 
and in this case the medium is hype," said Michael 
Horovitz, a pioneer of jazz poetry in Britain 30 
years ago and organizer of periodic marathons of 
poetry readings. Stephen Trousse, publications di- 
rector of the Poetry Society, wrote an article in the 
group’s newsletter with a bemused view of whar he 
calico the “vituperative” reaction to Young’s 
striking it rich. "It seems to'have been the temerity 
of assuming the title of poet that incurred the wrath 
of the Guardians of Literature," he said. 

Young said be would like to be valued as 
someone who is acting as a missionary for poetry 
rather than trivializing it. "Don't these poets real- 
ize they’re busy guarding the entrance to a room 
that nobody wants to go into?" 


from his pedestal in central Berlin to undergo 
a face-lift. Hundreds of people watched as the 
equestrian statue was hoisted into a truck and 
taken off for a 1.6 million Deutsche mark 
($900,000) clean-up. The sculptor .Christian 
Daniel Rauch in 1840 began the statue to 
commemorate the Prussian king’s rule from 
1740 to 1 786. At the time, the i 3.5-meter (44- 
foot) work was the largest bronze statue in 
northern Europe. It is expected that two years 
will be needed to repair the ravages of time 
and of assailants, such as the radical Sparta- 
cists. who fired shots at the statue early in this 
century. 


The Somali-born model Iman, the wife of 
the rock star David Bowie, says she has 
frequently been the victim of racial discrim- 
ination. In an interview published Thursday 
in die Daily Telegraph, Iman said* "In New 
York if I try to hail a taxi up- town at five or six 
in the evening, no one will take me. They 
think I want to go to Harlem. Sometimes I get 
into a lift and 1 see an old white lady clutch her 
handbag to her." Iman said she had also 
experienced discrimination in her career. "In 
my worst year as a model — 1982 — I earned 
S2 million. O.K., 52 million sounds enough, 
but what matters is getting the same as others. 
And 1 got less. The white women in my league 
were earning $8 milli on ” 


Prince Charles plans to see the Spice Girls 
during a visit to South Africa next month. But 
that's about as much as British officials were 
saying regarding the official visit They con- 
finned only that Charles would visit the coun- 
try from Nov. 1 to. 5 at the invitation of 
President Nelson Mandela, and that his 
agenda would include attending a concert 
featuring the popular British pop group. 




Bill Cosby’s wife. Camille, has pledged 
$20,000 to help buy and preserve a tract of 
land in Greenfield, Massachusetts, that is an 
ancient Indian burial ground "It was really a 
prayer answered," said Jani Leverett, pres- 
ident of the group. Friends of the Mohawk 
Trail. Conservationists and Indians say the 
land served as a burial ground for some of the 
more than 300 victims of a 1676 massacre by 
colonists during King Philip’s War. 

□ 

When Ray Bradbury speaks at the Uni- 


* Agensc Fiaace-fttvc 

NIGHT OUT — Gary Oldman and 
wife, Donya, at the London premiere of 
“Nil by Mouth,” his directing debuU 

versify of Evansville in Indiana on Nov. 12p 
the audience shouldn't expect any friendly 
chitchat afterward. "I don't allow ques- 
tions,” Bradbury said. "They’re always 
dumb. ’ ’ The 77-year-old Bradbury, author of 
"The Martian Chronicles." “Fahrenheit 
451" and other fantasy classics, said that he 
did not plan to retire soon and that he would 
continue writing "at least until I'm 99." 


Morgan Freeman is miffed about the com- 
parison of his role in the new thriller ' ’Kiss the 
Girls’’ to his role in "Seven.” because in both 
movies he plays a police officer seeking a 
serial killer. “It’s like comparing ‘Seven -tv* 
‘Funny Girl,’ they are such different char? 
acters," Freeman protests. “It’s an insult.” 
Then, Freeman smiled. “Hell, I could put on a 
dress and do it in drag and be a detective in a 
serial killer situation," he said “Are they still 
going to make that comparison?” 

□ 

The legendary Argentine tango singer 
Carlos Gardel will have a Los Angeles in- 
tersection named after him. Carlos Gardel 
Square will be at the comer of Gower Street 
and Waring Avenue. Gardel was bom- in 
France in 1890. After becoming the most 
famous tango singer of his day, he starred in 
several Hollywood films between 1931 and 
1935, when he died 






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