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U.S. Defers Sanctions 
On French Oil Firm 

Fearing EU Trade War Over Iran, 
It Asks Joint Action on Terrorism 

Faces Crisis 
Over Failed 
Hamas Hit 

By Serge Schmemann 

New York Tuna Service 

JERUSALEM — After four 
days of holiday-enforced silence 
about charges that Israel had sent 
agents on a botched mission to kill a 
Hamas leader in Jordan, Israeli 
commentators loosed a fierce bar- 
rage of accusations against Prime 
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on 
Sunday for a debacle that stood to 
seriously damage Israel on every 
political and security from. 

The two suspected assailants 
were in custody in Jordan. The au- 
thorities said the two were detained 
by the Jordanian police after at- 
tacking the political leader of 
Hamas on an A mman street on 
Sept 25 with a device that stunned 
him and injected a poison into him. 
They have been identified as agents 
of Mossad, Israel's secret service. 

Separately, there were reports that 
Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, the spiritual 
leader of Hamas who was released 
by Israel last week in an a pparent bid 
to appease a furious King Hussein, 
would return to a triumphant wel- 
come to foe Gaza Strip on Monday. 
There were also reports that Israel 
was under pressure from Jordan to 
release mare Hamas prisoners in ex- 
change Ax' foe two men in custody. 

These reports, wrote Yaacov 
Erez in a bitter article in Ma’ariv 
that was echoed in numerous ed- 
itorials, commentaries and conver- 
sations, demonstrated that foe affair- 
was “one of foe biggest fiascoes 
ever linked to the Mossad in par- 
ticular, and to Israel in general” 

An Israeli official who spoke cm 
foe condition he not be identified, 
asserted Sunday that Israel would 

See ISRAEL, Page 6 

By Thomas . W. Lippman 

Washington Pan Service 

WASHINGTON — Facing foe 
clearest test so far of its commitment to 
punish foreign corporations that invest 
in Tran, foe Clinton administration has 
decided to hold off on sanctions against 
a French energy company to avert a 
trade war with foe European Union. 

Rather than impose sanctions on 
Total SA for signing a $2 billion coo- 
tract to. develop a natural gas field with 

Libya eludes the U.S. embargo. 
Page 6. • Resentment grows against 
a new “Ugly American.” Page 9. 

Iran, the administration is seeking an 
agreement with the EU in which Wash- 
ington would scrap the threat of sanc- 
tions in exchange for increased pressure 
on Iran to curb terrorism, officials said. 

The approach is a shift in emphasis 
for the administration, which has held 
out the prospect of sanctions as a power- 
ful deterrent to investment that, U.S. 
officials contend, would give Iran funds 
for weapons or to promote terrorism. 

The administration endorsed foe 
1996 Iran-Libya Sanctions Act, which 
mandates punitive trade measures 
against any company that invests more 
than $40 milli on a year in those nations’ 
energy sectors. 

But allies in Europe and elsewhere 
have rejected any attempt to apply U.S. 
law to foreign companies. Under the 
agreement being proposed by foe ad- 
ministration, a blanket exemption from 
sanctions would be granted to compa- 
nies based in European Union countries 
if Europe adopts measures aimed at 
demonstrating its support for other U.S. 
efforts to contain Iran. 

A s imilar arrangement in April halted 
temporarily a trade conflict over ap- 
plication to Europe of a U.S. law de- 
signed to head off investment in Cuba. 

But that six-month truce expires Oct 
15 with no final agreement to place, and 
foe Europeans have declared teat failure 
to waive sanctions on Cuba and Iran by 
that date will lead them to reopen a 
formal complaint with the World Trade 

The U.S. proposal, which would in 
effect exonerate a multinational com- 
pany that defied U.S. law to make the 
biggest external investment in Iran since 
the 1979 revolution, will probably be 

See IRAN, Page 6 

Forest Fires Place Strain 
On Asian Neighborliness 

By Michael Richardson 

fmernationd Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — The forest fires ra- 
ging out of control in Indonesia, which 
are shrouding Malaysia, Singapore, 
Brunei and parts of Thailand and the 
Philippines in acrid smoke, have 
prompted some new forms of cooper- 
ation among the members of ASEAN. 

Yet beneath a veneer of cooperation, 
the normally close-knit solidarity of 
ASEAN, the Association of South East 


Asian Nations, is being strained by a 
transborder pollution issue that analysts 
say it seems ill -equipped to cope with. 

In addition, Indonesia — by far the 
hugest member of the group — is suf- 
fering a stinging loss of face because of 
its failure to halt the damage to foe 
health and economic livelihood of mil- 
lions of people in the region. 

In his latest move to atone for the 
harm, President Suharto of Indonesia 
said Sunday that foe thick smoke “not 
only hurts our own community but also 
people from neighboring countries'’ 
and added, “For that, once again. In- 
donesia deeply apologizes.” 

Paris, Monday, October 6, 1997 

dates NcjutfAcmaD Rnmee-Plaac 

ABANDONED SHIP — Fire fighters were still battling Sunday to control a blaze on a cruise liner that 
caught fire off the coast of Cyprus, triggering the dramatic rescue, with no reported injuries;, of almost 700 
people. The Cyprus-registered liner Romantica was being towed to the southern Cyprus port of Limassol. 

Would N. Y. Way Keep Berlin Safer? 

By Alan .Cowell 

' New York Times Service 

BONN — Ever since William Brat- 
ton, New York's former police com- 
missioner, visited Germany this to 
preach a gospel of zero tolerance toward 
crime, foe authorities have been pub- 
licly and divisively pondering a ques- 
tion: Will what is called foe New York 
model of combating crime work in Ger- 
many’s big cities? 

For years Germany's inner-city crime 
figures have been nudging upward. Rail- 
road stations, once the pristine emblems 
of a prosperous country, have become 
havens for addicts, beggars, graffiti 
artists and homeless people. Drags are 
peddled openly at Hamburg’s main rail- 
road station. In Berlin, violent crime 
rose 15 percent from 1994 to 19%. 

tify owners of foe land being burned. 

In an address Sunday to the country's 
armed forces in Jakarta, Mr. Suharto 
issued instructions to “all levels” of the 
military to increase their efforts to fight 
what he called “this fire disaster” oc- 
curring in exceptionally dry conditions. 

But in unusually open and sharp crit- 
icism from countries that normally treat 
Indonesia with deference, officials, the 
media and members of foe public in 
places affected by the smoke and re- 
sulting smog have made it clear that 
they regard Indonesia’s efforts to curb 
foe fires now raging across an estimated 
750,000 hectares ( 1 .88 million acres) of 
scrub and forest land, mainly on the 
islands of Sumatra and Borneo, as too 
little, too late. 

“I hope that foe c ur r en t scale of foe 
problem would have brought foe mes- 
sage home very, very clearly to the In- 
donesians,” Yea Cheow Tong, Singa- 
pore’s health and environment minister, 
said last week. "They need to control foe 
fires when they are small and not let the 
number of fires grow,” he said, ED reach 
“foe stage where it is oat of control/ ’ 

The Malaysian science, technology 

See FIRES, Page 6 

“What I am worried about is the fear 
of many citizens that there are lawless 
areas of our cities,” said Franz-Josef 
Kniola, the interior minister of North 
Rhine- Westphalia, the nation’s most 
populous state. 

Klaus Eisenreich, a spokesman for 
the police union, said: “A lot of people, 
especially older people, don’t dare go 
out on the streets at certain times. People 
don’t let their children go out in some 
areas. The threshold of violence is much 

It was his union that invited Mr. Brat- 
ton for discussions in Berlin and Ham- 
burg in August 

Chi Friday, Germany marked the sev- 
enth anniversary of - its reunification. 
But foe event has forfeited its one-time 
euphoria to a sense that this land of 80 
million is faring poorly in a painful 


Contract Is Awarded 
For Taiwan Rad Link 

BONN (AFP) — Siemens AG, a 
GEC-Als thorn unit and a group of 
Taiwan-based companies won an $11.8 
billion contract to build a high-speed rail 
link between Taipei and Taiwan’s port 
of Kaohsiung, foe Berliner Zeitung 
newspaper said in a report to be pub- 
lished Monday. Siemens and the Belgian 
unit of the French-British GEC-Als thorn 
group beat a Japanese competitor. 

Pierce lost a match Sunday but 
France won the Fed Cup. Page 20 


Page IL 

Pagp 11. 


Pages 18-20. 

The Intermerket 


[ The IHT on-line | 

Ttaeey Anloc/Tte AMDdMd PM« 

PROMISES — Hundreds of 
thousands of Christian men held 
a rally in Washington. Page 3. 

Russia’s Hot Market: Can It Keep It Up? 

By Edmund L. Andrews 

New York Times Service 

MOSCOW — Bill Browder started 
buying Russian stocks before there was 
a stock market here. It was 1993, the 
year President Boris Yeltsin dealt with 
Communist hard-liners by shelling the 
Parliament Industrial output was col- 
lapsing; inflation was rampant 

Investing? Russians with money 
were smuggling billions of dollars out 
of foe country. There were no ex- 
changes, no prospectuses, no earnings 
reports and almost no earnings. 

But there was stock* Under Mr. 
Yeltsin’s privatization program, shares 
in thousands of former government en- 
terprises were auctioned off or given to 

workers and managers. Most people 
thought these shares were worthless: 
Mr. Browder thought they were cheap. 

As Salomon Brothers’ 29-year-old 
manager for Russian equities, and then 
later on his own, be went to places like 
Siberia and Tatarstan to snap up shares 
in oil companies, mines and utilities. 

Today, that looks smart. Wearing 
dollar- sign cufflinks and working a few 
blocks mam the Bolshoi Theater, Mr. 
Browder, now 33, runs what could be 
the most successful investment fund in 
the world this year. 

Shares in the Hermitage Fund, started 
up in April 1996 with $25 million from 
Republic National Bank in New York, 
doubled in 1996 and have nearly tripled 
again since January. With new money 

pouring in from wealthy investors and 
institutions around the world, Mr. 
Browder now manages 51.2 billion in 
Russian stocks. 

Russia is hot Six years after the col- 
lapse of the Soviet Union, -foe land of 
Lanin and Stalin is gripped by stock- 
buying fever. Its nascent stock market 
has shot higher lately than any other, 
tripling in the past 18 months. 

Professional traders now swap shares 
over an electronic trading system. For- 
eign investment funds such as Hermit- 
age, often registered in tax havens such 
as foe Cayman Islands, Cyprus or 
Guernsey, where Hermitage is based, 
have channeled about $3 billion into 

See RUSSIANS, Page 15 

readjustment: No longer is it foe pros- 
perous and protected front-line bastion 
of foe Cold War, but a stumbling giant at 
the heart of Europe, prey to pressures 
and economic disparities once held in 

As foe German authorities seek to 
contain foe fallout of growing jobless- 
ness and of headers open to the much 
greater economic dislocations of East- 
ern Europe — both cited as causes of 
increased crime — they also face the 
problem of combating lawlessness 
wifootit aw akening memories of foe 
Third Reich or of Communist dictat- 

In the former East German state of 
Mecklenburg, for instance, the sate au- 
thorities are seeking to introduce a new 

See GERMANY, Page 6 

No. 35,644 

On Clinton 

Attorney General 
Assailed Over Ruling 
In Campaign Inquiry 

By Brian Knowlton 

International Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — Republican 
leaders of Congress angrily criticized 
Attorney General Janet Reno on Sunday 
for effectively absolving President Bill 
Clinton of many of the allegations of 
illegal campaign fund-raising practices 
against him and his administration. 

The complaints were provoked by a 
letter Ms. Reno sent to Republican leg- 
islators on Friday in which she said that 
only one charge, that Mr. Clinton had 
made fund-raising telephone calls from 
the White House, might yet lead her to 
seek an independent counsel to inves- 

In the letter, she said a preliminary 
investigation had turned up no evidence 
that White House coffees for political 
donors, invitations to major contribut- 
ors to spend foe night at foe White 
House or other such, activities were il- 
legal Nor was there any reason to be- 
lieve, sire said, that Mr. Clinton had 
offered to take any action in exchange 
for a donation. 

Senator Donald Nickles of Oklaho- 
ma, the Republican whip, said that Ms. 
Reno’s rationale for narrowing a pre- 
liminary investigation of Mr. Clinton 
made her sound “like adefense attorney 
for foe ClintonrGore administration.” 
Other Republican legislators used 
nearly identical wording. 

the criticism of Ms. Reno largely 
followed partisan lines. But even Sen- 
ator John MbCain, a moderate Repub- 
lican who is leading an effort for cam- 
paign finance reform, expressed 
exasperation with Ms. Reno. 

“Ihave always voiced myrespect and 
admiration for foeattomey general of the 
United States,” be said Sunday on CBS, 
“but now I think we’re at foe point 
where her credibility is in real, serious 

Speaking of her decision to narrow 
foe investigation of Mr. Clinton, Mr. 
McCain said, “I’ve never seen anything 
like it, and I’m not sore longtime Wash- 
ington observers have since foe firing of 
Archibald Cox. ” In October 1973, Pres- 
ident Richard Nixon ordered foe firing 
of Mr. Cox, who had been named an 
independent counsel to investigate the 
Watergate affair. 

Butin a twist certain to furfoerroil the 
waters, the White House over foe week- 
end began turning over to congressional 
investigators more than three dozen 
videotapes of White House coffees at 
which Mir. Clinton met with major con- 
tributors in 1995 and 1996. 

The tapes might clarify whether die 
events went beyond friendly chatter to 
include possibly illegal fund-raising 

Sane of the tapes are expected to be 
shown Tuesday when Senate hearings 
into the campaign finance imbroglio 
resume trader the gavel of Senator Fred 
Thompson of Tennessee. They are 
likely to fire emotions in a setting that 
some Republicans have said has been 
too lackluster. 

Senator Aden Spector of Pennsyl- 
vania said Sunday that the White House 
might have “crossed foe tine of ob- 
struction of justice,” and referred to Mr. 
Clinton as “an accessory.” 

Representative Dan Burton, Repub- 
lican Of Indiana and chairman of foe 
House Government Reform and Over-' 
sight Committee, said his panel would 
demand complete logs of foe tapes. 

Democratic spokesmen insisted Sun- 
day that tha tapes included no dramatic 

Jack Quinn, a framer White House 
counsel and unofficial spokesman for' 
Vice President AlGore, said Sunday that 
the tapes consisted erf “littk snippets that 
photographers occasionally take at the 
beginning ofevents like the coffees.’ ’ 

See CLINTON, Page 6 

of fire fighters to Indonesia this week to 
replace more than 1,000 dispatched last 
month to battle the flames alongside 
about 40,000 Indonesian troops, forest 
rangers and civilian volunteers. Singa- 
pore is providing Indonesia with daffy 
satellite photographs and other equip- 
ment to help pinpoint the fires and lden- 

Newtttand Prices 

Andorra 10.00 FF Lebanon. 113,000 

AntSes. .riiSOFF Morocco 

OmwoorulfiJOCW Qatar 10.00 OR 

Egypt ££5J50 Rdunten 12^0 FF 

Franca 10X0 FF Saudi Arabia — ID SR 

Gabon 1.100 CFA Senegal — 1.100 CFA 

Italy- 2*00 Lira Spain -225Ptas 

Ivory Coast .1.250 CFA TWaia_1.2SQDfc 

Jordan 1.250 JD UAE. 10X)0Dh 

Kuwait 700 FBb U.S. ML (Bjr.). >H S120 

TV Populism Arrives in South Korea 


A Korean presidential candidate, Kim Jong Pfl, laboring on a TV show. 

By Maiy Jordan 

wfarifriKMff Post Service 

SEOUL — Kim Dae Jung stood on a 
table in foe crowded outdoor market 
and started hawking blouses. “Last 
chance! Last chancer’ the presidential 
«mdiriate shouted, telling foe Crowd of 
shoppers that foe silk tops were a bar- 
gain at $6 each and going fast “You 
can’t buy them tomorrow, so buy them 

To the millions of viewers who tuned 
in to a popular morning television 
show, Mr. Kim looked like any other 
working stiff in South Korea, wearing 
his Los Angeles Dodgers baseball cap 
and a towel shmg around his neck. 
Nothing regal, nothing presidential, 
just one of foe people. 

This is remarkable in a nation where, 
until recently, presidents were military 
dictators who did not give a second 
thought to the man on the street But the 
same morning show has gotten other 
presidential candidates to serve soup as 
waiters or lug boxes of cabbage m a 
field — all in the name of appealing to 
the masses before the Dec. 18 pres- 
idential election. 

That kind of populism signals a his- 
toric shift in SouthKorean politics. The 
ruling party, for decades rich and ar- 
rogant and guaranteed victory, has lost 
its lock on national elections. Observ- 
ers say that is mainly because the public 

central to foe campaign for the first 
time, benefiting opposition candidates, 
who generally have less money than 

Mr. Kim, an opposition leader who 
has been running for president off and 
on for 30 years, is currently leading in 
the polls, thanks in part to television 
appearances that have softened his im- 
age as a radical. 

Another opposition candidate, Rbee 
In Je r also is running ahead of the 
governing New KoreaParty’s Lee Hoi 

Is sick of government leaders bullying 
and coercing rich companies and in- 
dividuals to give them money. And free 
appearances on television have become 

The race is shaping up as what many 
say is tile most democratic election 
since the Republic of Korea was foun- 
ded in 1948. 

' f 

See KOREA, Page 6 

PAGE 14 



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The Sunset Years / A Silent Struggle 

Disease Begins to Silence 
The Great Communicator 

By Lawrence PC. Altman 

Ntw York Times Sen-ire 

N EW YORK — In February 1996. 
George Shultz went to visit his old 
boss, Ronald Reagan, at the former 
president's home in the Bel Air 
neighborhood of Los Angeles. He drank tea 
with Mr. Reagan and his wife, Nancy, and 
talked a little politics. In all, be stayed perhaps 
an hour. 

That night Mr. Shultz, the former secretary 
of state, received a call from Mrs. Reagan, who 
told him that “something poignant happened 
today that you would like to know about.' ' 

At one point in the visit. Mr. Reagan had left 
the room briefly with a nurse. When they came 
back. Mrs. Reagan went on, "he said to the 
nurse: ‘ Who is that man sitting with Nancy on 
the couch? I know him. He is a very famous 
man.’ ” 

It has been almost three years since Mr: 
Reagan disclosed that he had the memory- 
destroying neurological illness known as 
Alzheimer’s disease. And if, at the age of 86, 
the old movie actor still looks the image of 
vigorous good health, the truth is that the man 
behind the firm handshake and barely gray hair 
is steadily, surely ebbing away. 

Mr. Reagan still plays golf, works out 
lightly in his basement and walks amid eu- 
calyptus and day lilies in parks close to home. 
He puts on a suit and is driven to his office in 
nearby Century City. As he rides the elevators 
or walks the corridors, he remains the perfect 
gentleman, sweeping a hand through the air to 
let a woman pass by. 

But the "Great Communicator" of Amer- 
ican politics is mostly silent now. When he 
speaks, it is usually in clipped phrases — rarely 
more than a sentence here or there. 

He appears to recognize few people other 
than his wife, and while he gamely returns the 
nods and salutes of passers-by. on most days 
Mr. Reagan does not seem to know why they 
are hailing him — that for eight years he was 
the most powerful man in the world. 

Mr. Reagan's illness appears to be in the 
middle stages; as it has advanced, he has 
slipped ever further from public view. 

Nearly 70 when he took office in January 
198 1 , Mr. Reagan became the oldest president, 
and throughout his two terms, a series of well- 
publicized memory lapses and a casual ex- 
ecutive style had provoked uncertainty — even 
ridicule — about his mental competence. Just 
when the Alzheimer’s began can never be 
known. But while the line between mere for- 
getfulness and the beginning of Alzheimer’scan 
be fuzzy, a matter of gradation, Mr. Reagan's 
four main White House doctors say they saw no 
evidence that he had crossed it as president 
Mr. Reagan "absolutely" did not "show 
any signs of dementia or Alzheimer’s," said 
John Hfftton, who cared for hirer from 1984 
until the end of the Reagan presidency and 

remains a close family friend. Extensive men- 
tal-status tests did not indicate evidence of 
Alzheimer’s until 1993. more than four years 
after Mr. Reagan left office. Dr. Hatton said. 

Mr. Reagan is believed to be the first pres- 
ident or former president to have Alzheimer's. 
But the disease — a form of dementia, or 
senility, that strikes with increasing frequency as 
people advance beyond their 60s — is a growing 
public health problem in an aging society. 

While Alzheimer’s course varies, it is often 
slow, measured in years; as it advances, ab- 
normal deposits of protein destroy the nerve 
cells in the brain. The two approved drugs can 
do no more than stave off decline for a few 
months, and only for some people. Ultimately, 
Alzheimer’s is fetal, though many people with 
the disease die of other causes. 

The first significant hints that Mr. Reagan 
was crossing that fuzzy line into dementia, his 
doctors said, did not come until September 
1992, three years and eight months after he left 
office. From that point on, they described a 
gradual descent into bewilderment and for- 
getfulness that will be achingly familiar to 
Families and friends of the estimated 4 million 
Americans who share his fate. 

On Sept. 13, 1992, Mr. Reagan made a 
campaign speech for President George Bush in 
Yorba Linda, California. 

Lawrence Mohr, one of the Mr. Reagan’s 
White House doctors, was seeing him for the 
first time in six months, and afterward, the 
doctor and the former president talked. As 
usual, Mr. Reagan asked about Dr. Mohr's 
family. But Mr. Reagan ‘ ’was distant, ' ’ he said, 
and seemed "preoccupied, which was unusual, 
because Ronald Reagan is a person who was 
engaged when he would talk to you.” 

TW Va VwL Titan 

While some critics suspect Ronald Reagan's glaring mental mistakes 
in the 1980s ivere a sign he had Alzheimer's as president, fus 
While Bouse doctors say his competence in office usas never in doubt. 

A T THE END of the conversation, the 
doctor continued, "Mr. Reagan 
asked me, ‘What am I supposed to do 
next?' There was a blank look on his 
face.” Dr. Mohr said he guided Mr. Reagan 
away and wondered “what had caused the 
change and what was going to happen." 

Now, looking back. Dr. Mohr regards that 
change as the first sure warning of Mr. Re- 
agan’s Alzheimer's. It was about a year later, 
in Mr. Reagan's annual check-up at the Mayo 
Clinic, that formal mental-status tests for the 
first time raised questions about his recent- 
memoiy skills. Dr. Hutton said. He said Mrs. 
Reagan would not let him disclose further 
details of the tests, and added that “someday 
they can be documented” by historians. 

But those results led doctors to begin a more 
intensive regimen of mental testing: The med- 
ical statement released along with Mr. Re- 
agan’s Alzheim er's disclosure said the disease 
had been diagnosed through repeated obser- 
vations and testing for a year. 

The Alzheimer's almost became evident in 
an embarrassing way in February 1994 when 
Mr. Reagan spoke to 2,500 people celebrating 

his 83rd birthday in Washington. It is believed 
to have been his last public speech and last visit 
to the capital. 

Before the dinner, Mr. Reagan chatted nor- 
mally with former Prime Minister Margaret 
Thatcher of Britain and had his picture taken 
with several other people. But he had difficulty 
recognizing one of his former Secrer Service 
agents. Dr. Hutton said. 

This left Dr. Hutton and others worried that 
the speech might not go well — that Mr. 
Reagan “might lose his place in the notes and 
that kind of thing,” said Caspar Weinbeiger. 
who was Mr. Reagan's secretary of defense. 

A videotape ot the event shows that after 
Mrs. Thatcher finished her introduction, Mr. 
Reagan hesitated for several seconds as he 
began speaking. 

"I was holding my breath, wondering how 
he would get started,” Dr. Hutton said, "when 
suddenly something switched on, his voice 
resounded, he paused at the right places and he 
was his old self.” 

But after the dinner. Dr. Hutton said, when 
Mr. Reagan returned to his hotel suite, “He 
•hesitated just for a moment and looked to Mrs. 
Reagan and said, ‘Well, 1 have got to wait a 
minute, I am not quite sure where I am.’ ” 

On Nov. 5, in a handwritten letter, Mr. 
ReagairtoJd the publicthat he had entered the 
early stages of Alzheimer's disease. 

He wrote, ‘ T now begin the journey that will 
lead me into the sunset of my life.' ’ 

"When you see him and talk to him. you 
hardly notice any change,” Mr. Shultz said. 
“And his physical behavior — he shakes hands, 
he smiles and his eyes sparkle. It's just that you 
don't wind up in any meaningful conversation. 
But to the casual observer — they don’t detect 
anything happening. It's remarkable.” 

Still, according to Dr. Hutton, the disease 
has advanced since it was diagnosed. Dis- 
orientation to time is common in Alzheimer’s 
patients, and Mr. Reagan has occasionally got 
up at 2 A.M. to look for his breakfast said a 
longtime friend, Walter Annen berg. Drug ther- 
apy was tried but without success. 

In the gathering silence of Mr. Reagan's life 
— as in ms glory days — Mrs. Reagan remains 
voraciously protective of the man she has long 
called her ‘‘roommate.’' She does not sjfcak 
publicly about him, and declined to be in- 
terviewed for this article or to let a reporter 
visit with die former president Indeed, with 
rare exception, she talks about his condition 
only with friends who themselves are caring 
for someone with Alzheimer’s. 

Alzheimer's is often said to involve a family 
of victims: As it inexorably shuts off com- 
munication, the disease breeds loneliness, 
frustration and confusion not just for the- pa- 
tient but for the spouse, relatives and friends. 

By Lawrence K. Alimaifc & 

' Sr* Kirt Iijiks Scn« * — J? 

NEW YORK — When Ronald Reagan dis- 
closed in November 1994 that he hid Alz- - 
heimer's disease, many people could not help ■ . 
suspecting that the illness had begun torob him 
of memory while he was in the White House. ‘ . 

Throughout his years in Washington, Mr. 
Reagan had been portrayed by many pundits 
and political opponents as absent-minded, in- 
attentive. incurious and even lazy. 

His presidency was marked by a succession 
of very public mental stumbles — most no- 
tably his dismal performance in the first debate 
of the 1984 campaign, and his confused and 
forgetful accounting of his role in the Iran- 
Contra affair. 

But his four main White House doctors say 
they never detected any evidence that his for- 
getfulness was more than just that. His mental 
competence in office, they said in a series of 
interviews, was never in doubt. Indeed, they, 
said, tests of his mental status did not begin to 
show evidence of the disease until the summer 
of 1993, more than four years after he left the 
White House. 

‘ There was never anything that would raise 
a question about his ability to function as 
president," said Lawrence Mohr, one of Mr. 
Reagan’s physicians in his second term. 

John Hutton, the chief While House phy- 
sician during Mr. Reagan’s last two years in 
office and a close family friend, said he was 
speaking out with the permission of the former 
president's wife, Nancy, chiefly to rebut pub- 
lished statements questioning Mr. Reagan's 
mental status in office. The doctors said they 
had taken the unusual step of publicly dis- 
cussing their former patient’s medical history 
because neither they nor Mr Reagan hod 
covered up any illness, and because they did not 
wont history to see them as having done so. 

“No question, there were occasional short- 
term memory lapses." Dr. Mohr said, “Were 
they frequent? No. Were they every day 1 ? No.” 

Alzheimer's begins to show itself by causing 
relatively subtle changes in memory, judgment ■ 
and reasoning. People with the disease can dun 
go on to have difficulty remembering what they 
said or read a few minutes earlier; they forget 
the names of relatives and friends. Later, they 
may have difficulty completing simple tasks. 

So in looking for early signs of mental J 
Impairment, doctors generally ask about and ^ 
observe the way a patient transacts the routine . 
business of the day. What makes this early j- 
diagnosis so hard is that these are the same 
things people tend to forget as they age. J 

V^iile certain tests can strongly indicate 
Alzheimer's, there are no specific blood or other 
tests to confirm the diagnosis while the patient is 
alive. Still, his occasional lapses notwithstand- 
ing. the doctors said they had seen no significant 
changes in Mr. Reagan's mental competence in 
the white House. From his election in 1980 
until he retired in January 1989. they said, the 
-president was always well clear of that fuzzy ■■ 
line where forgetting becomes Alzheimer's. 

ii ; f.F i ' 1 

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Palatine Museum Reopens 
After 13 Years of Repairs 

ROME (AP) — Thirteen years after it was closed 
for structural repairs, the museum on the Palatine Hill 
next to the Forum reopened on Saturday. 

The museum contains statues discovered in ex- 
cavations on the Palatine, the ancient heart of Rome. 
They had been held previously in the museum of the 
Baths of Diocletian. 

Sixteenth-century frescoes from the Peruzzi school 
were returned on long-term loan from the Metro- 


politan Museum of Art in New York. The inauguration 
was led by Culture Minister Walter Veltroni. 

Gas Odor Shuts Down O’Hare 

CHICAGO ( AP) — AJ 1 departing flights from Chica- 
go's O'Hare and Midway airports were suspended for 
almost an hour Saturday when a traffic control tower 
was evacuated because of a possible gas leak. 

Officials began smelling gas at the T racon tower in 
the Chicago suburb of Elgin shortly before 5:30 P.M., 
said a spokeswoman for the Chicago City Aviation 
Department Tracon, which stands f orTenninal Radar 
Approach Control, directs traffic to and from Chicago 
while the flights are not controlled by airport towers. 

The building was evacuated for an hour but the 
source of the smell was not definitively found. 


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Australia 1880125944 
Co/cmbta 980120037 
France 0WW90224S 
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Japan 0031126609 

Mexico 958008784178 
Pomeal 050112632 
Spain 900931007 

Thathnut 001600110210013 

Belgium 080015880 
Denmark 80016132 
Greece 0000110213013 
israd 1771000102 
Karra 00 3811 0243 
Selherlondj 0 60Z20657 
Singapore 8001202501 
Stredea 020793158 
15.4 8009045757 

Brazil 0008119215513 
Finland 08001110064 
German 0180829666 
Italy 167875928 

Luxembourg 08004552 
X Zealand 0800441880 
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Sunny and unseasonably 
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Tuesday through Thurs- 
day. Pleasant n tha North- 
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with soaking rain in the 
Cascades Wednesday and 
Thursday. Thunderstorms 
win hre up in the Rockies, 
while the Southwest turns 
cooler with showere tfeety. 


Windy with showers and 
turning coaler m London 
Tuesday through Thurs- 
day. white Scotland wit be 
ehffly with wind-drfvan rain. 
Showers and thunder- 
storms will soak eastern 
France and Germany 
Tuesday: then some sun- 
shine returning. Partly 
sunny and turning warmer 
across eastern Eisope. 


Sunny and coot in Betting 
Tuesday and Wednesday, 
but nrider Thursday. Some 
showers Tuesday n Seoul 
and Tokyo: oooi with some 
sun through Thursday. 
Sumy and nice m Shang- 
hai. but warm and humid 
with showers In Hong 
Kong. Steady rain will 
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Banking and government offices will be closed or 
services curtailed in the following countries and their 
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ligious holidays: 

MONDAY: Aostralia. Barbados. Egypt. Syria 

TUESDAY: Bhutan. 


THURSDAY: Azerbaijan. Ecuador. Uganda. 

FRIDAY: Cuba. Israel. Japan. Kenya. Macau. Taiwan. 

SATURDAY: Bhutan, tend. Macedonia. Nrthntunfc A milks. 

Sources: JF Morgan, Oh/cmhcrg 


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Durins the gathering, men often coiiected in smaUgrtH^'t^ Rally jama area between the Washington Monm^^S^oT 

Christian Men Fill the D.C. Mall and Pray 

By Gabriel Escobar 
and Caryle Murphy 

WatongiPn Past Service 

WASHINGTON — Hundreds of 
thousands of Christian men pro- 
duced one of the biggest religious 
gatherings in U.S. history, convert- 
ing Washington's most important 
open space, the Mall, into a symbolic 
revivalist tent 

The six-hour •‘Sacred Assembly 
of Men,” called by the group known 
as the Promise Keepers, was a sea of 
humanity Saturday, notable not only 
because of its size and purpose but 
also because it was made up almost 
entirely of men. 

The debate over what the gathering 
represented — what it may augur for 
Christians and non-Christians, even 
for the nation as a whole — will 
probably he fueled by the sheer size 
of the crowd, which was believed to 
number about half a million. 

But what was most evident was 
not the larger arguments to come but 
the event itself, a powerful evocation 
of a fervor that is hardly unique in the 
evangelical community but is sel- 
dom displayed so openly, in so cen- 
tral a place and by so many. 

Scenes of hundreds of thousands 
of men obeying the calls of pastors, 
hoisting Bibles, kneeling or lying on 
the ground, singing to the Lord and 

In the principal address of the 
rally, the group’s founder and chief 
executive. Bill McCartney, a former 
football coach at the University of 
Colorado, ' laid out, often in stark 
terms, what was expected of the 
men. Hie organization's aim to in- 
spire “a vibrant church,” Mr. Mc- 
Cartney said, requires that each man 
answer to a pastor and that each 
church answer to other churches. 

•'Nobody can go home without 
the game plan,” Mr. McCartney told 
the crowd of * ‘guys,” as the former 
football coach tends to call men. 

“Every man connected to a 

missive role. Promise Keepers denies 
■ any link to the earlier movement, - 
although Mr. McCartney has ac- 
knowledged being “discipled” in die 
1 970s by one of the leaders of a group 
known as Muscular Christianity, 

The rally was a revival, solemn at 
times but also with the trappings of 
arena gatherings, replete vnth rendi- 
tions of die “wave’ 'group cheer and 
beach balls. Men unabashedly wore 
their faith on their sleeves, on T- 
shirts and on baseball caps. 

What some might calf “ rnnsrular 

Christianity” seemed to be manifes- 
ted physically along the expanse of 

Overshadowing most controversy was the event 
itself, showcasing a fervor that is seldom displayed 
so openly, in so central a place and by so many. 

Capitol and the Washington Monu- 
ment, were often profoundly mov- 

church, every church connected to 
each other." he said. “We propose 
that every man retains home and 
submits to the authority of a local 

He added; “You have to say to 
your pastor, ‘How high, how far and 
how much?’ ” 

The language that Mr. McCartney 
uses, critics say, echoes a contro- 
versial religious movement that 
sained prominence in the 1970s, 
then went underground because of 
the backlash it created. 

Called “shcpherding/disciplc- 
ship,” the movement set up a strict 
hierarchy and gave women a sub- 

the MaLL The effect was palpable. 

“Something like this, men can 
feel,” said Steve Galloway, 40, a 
randier from Gladewater, Texas, 
near Dallas, who had driven to 
Washington with five other mm 
from Calvary Baptist Church. “It is 
a taste of Heaven.” 

[Stung by past controversy over 
crowd counts, public officials re- 
fused to estimate how many men 
attended the rally. The Associated 
Press reported. 

[Predictions raided from 500,000 
to a million or more. About the only 
□ambers came from the Metro trans- 
it system, which reported drat 

702,000 people had passed through 
its turnstiles by 9 P.M. On a typical 
Saturday, ridership for a full day is 
about 200,000. 

[The Million Man March that was 
called by the Nation of Islam leader, 
Louis Farrakhan, in 1995 ended with 
a dispute over the crowd count. The 
U.S. Park Police estimated it at 

400.000, but the Nation of Islam said 
the inarch drew more than 

800.000. ] 

Saturday’s rally may have been 
the last of the large public gatherings 
to be called by Promise Keepers, a 

nonden omi national ministry that has 

experienced remarkable growth 
since h was founded in 1990. 

Organizers said the group would 
no longer charge admission at its 
smaller rallies, ab andoning its prin- 
cipal source of fund-raising, and 
would turn instead to contributions 
from individuals and “Christian cor- 

One sign of this shift came at the 
end of the rally, when participants 
were asked to make donations — in 
cash or with credit cards — by using 
envelopes included in Bibles given 
to the crowd. 

To critics of Promise Keepers, in- 
cluding women’s organizations, 
some religious denominations and 
others who held their own small 
protests yesterday, the shift in 
strategy was interpreted as evidence 
that die men's group had political 
aims and would now rely on dona- 
tions from rightist groups to hold its 

Deciding Affirmative Action: 
Watch the Court’s Swing Vote 

By Joan Biskupic 

Washington Po st Senice 

Supreme Court opens its new 
term Monday with a docket 
highlighted by one of the most 
divisive questions in America 
today; whether affirmative ac- 
tion has gone loo far. 

In a case that began when a 
school board laid off a white 
teacher to save a black teach- 
er’s job, the court could set an 
Important standard for decid- 
ing when racial preferences 
should play a role in the na- 
tion’s workplace. 

For all its potential impact, 
though, the dispute in Piscat- 
away. New Jersey, will prob- 
ably be decided try the views 
of just one justice, Sandra 
Day O’Connor. 

The case and many others 
this term — from sexual har- 
assment to immi gration and 
property rights — play to in- 
dividual justices’ interests 
and personal conflicts. And 
because of the emerging dy- 
namic among these nine 
justices, how these issues are 
decided could depend on 
which of the court's factions 
— on the left and on the right 
— gets die narrow edge. 

The nine justices who win 
ascend the bench Monday 
have a raze group tenure for 
tiie modem court. 

In the last decade, with re- 
tirements and change, no nine 
justices were together for 
more than two terms. 

■ Now, alliances have 
formed and the ideological 
divide between the justices 
has deepened. 

Key justices, either be- 
cause they hold the crucial 
fifth vote or possess the dom- 
inant voice in a particularly 
knotty area, could pull more 
weight.and be especially crit- 
ical in the new term. 

The dispute in Piscataway 
presents such a scenario, legal 
experts say. Faced with the 
need to lay off staff but mind- 
ful of racial diversity, the 
school board there chose to 
keep a black teacher. Debra 
Williams, over an equally 
qualified white teacher, Shar- 
on Taxman. Ms. Taxman sued 
for reverse discrimination and 
won in lower courts. 

Now, it is Justice O’Con- 
nor, die court's first female 
jurist and thq swing vote on 
race policies, who likely will 
decide whether the board's 
action was legal and if racial 
diversity alone is a valid rea- 
son for an employer to choose 
one person over another. 

The case comes to the court 
at a time when race is high on 
the national agenda, with e£- 
- forts underway in several 
states to ban racial prefer- 

The court will soon an- 
nounce whether it will hear 
another important affirmative 
action dispute this term, a 
constitutional challenge to 
California’s Proposition 209 
law that bans preferences 
based on race in government 
hiring, contracting and col- 
lege admissions.' 

Justice O’Connor is an in- 
triguing jurist to be at the cen- 
ter of an emotionally charged 
discrimination case like the 
one in Piscataway. Although 
she has a conservative ap- 
proach, believing govern- 
ment should have a limited 
role in solving society’s prob- 
lems. she herself has felt the 
sting of bias. She graduated 
from Stanford Law School in 
1952 only to be offered a po- 
sition as a secretary when she 
applied to a prestigious firm. 

“I think irs fair to say that 
one detects an ambivalence in 
how she has written about 
race, and the ambivalence is 
like that in society at-large,” 


9nce 1854 


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said Christopher Edley Jr., a 
Harvard University law pro- 

to 1986, Justice O’Connor 
was in the five-jurist majority 
ruling against a school board 
that laid off white teachers to 
preserve the jobs of blacks 
with less seniority. 

The layoff decision had 
been made without any ev- 
idence of previous discrim- 
ination agains t black teach- 
ers. Justice O’Connor wrote 
separately to say such affirm- 
ative action might have been 
permitted had the board 
shown it was trying to make 
up for past discrimination. 
And, indeed, the next year she 
voted to uphold a voluntary 
affirma tive action plan that 
allowed a woman in a county 
transportation department to 
be promoted over a man who 
scored higher during quali- 
fying tests because the county 
had a wide disparity in the 
numbers of men and women 
in its top ranks. 

The Piscataway case, 
which involves two equally 
credentialed teachers, will 
test whether a school board 
that has no evidence of past 
bias can rely on the goal of 
diversity in using race as die 
deckling factor in deciding 
who gets the job. 


Real Estate 

Appears every Friday 
in The IntermarkeL 
To advertise contact 
Nina Nicli 

in our London office: 
TeL: + 44 1 71 420 0325 
Fax: +44 1 71 4200338 
or your nearest IHT office 
or representative. 

N°1 for executives 

», ' it ’] 

Total executive readers 

Source: JPS05 working e>.ez„ m . ■ - -.1.3. 

N°1 for opinion leaders 

X of opinion leaders questioned who read at least 
3 copies per week. 

Source: 1FDP opimcp ’.esoc-s su'*ej. aprS IS?€. 
cohering I .ICC Frencr. 3*^ ec: r ---c 

scsiim! ii-cs er - tr.iail«staa«*. 

Le Monde also leads the field ir- tenns 
of tota.l circulation 'purchased 
copies' with 367.787 copies, ahead of 
Le Figaro. 364.584 copies. A success 
story that immediately benefits all 

.f r-liil*. Im'-ft'-.' t 
■e * iHirr, iiv> 

N°1 for French decision makers 



An announcement from 
United Saudi Commercial Bank. 

United Saudi Commercial' Bank are. 
plrawH to annnimrj its recent.mager 
with Saudi Cairo Bank. Wfe wish to infonn 
our jn tfrnaripnal business partners that 
all casting contractual arrangements, 
obligations and documentation will 
remain operative and that die new bank 
accepts full halsBtyas the legal successor 

An announcement from 
Saudi Cairo Bank. 

Saudi Cairo Bank are pleased to announce 
its recent merger with United Saudi 
finrnnwrial Rant? Vlfr w j^h tn tnfhnTm nr 
international business partners that 
all existing contractual arrangements, 
obligations and documentation will 

remain npwarro^ and rhar rhe new hanlt 

accepts full liability as the legal 

of United Saudi Commercial Bank. successor of Saudi Cairo Bank 
Shareholders have voted to call the new bank United Saudi Bank. With a paid-up 
capital of SR2,45O f OOO,0O0 (U5J653333333), United Saudi Bank will become 
the 3rd largest bank in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, servicing over 
100,000 customers, through &5 branches and 115 ATMs. The 
merger will tesuk in greater focus on customer needs, added 

for netwotk expansion, and a greater capacity to 
attract local and international business Vfe 
look forward to enjoying a tang and 
prosperous future together. 


Con: ju*. l«- Konar 

u;- : * •’ ■ ■ v* •/ f. 

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jGeJttond# S) ! 

T‘j j. e simply N°1 

II- -»j~ II 

United Saudi Dank 

P U B t f C ! T E 

I V, 

PAGE 14 



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8000 — 



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said Thors 
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ent viola! 


Global Warming Talks 
Put Tokyo in a Bind 

Pact on Emissions May Prove Elusive 

By Nicholas D. Kristof 

Kne Yurk Times Service 

TOKYO — When Japan was chosen 
as the site of this year's conference on 
climate change, it relished the chance to 
play host to a landmark meeting to help 
save the planet from global wanning. 

The meeting, to be held in Kyoto 
from Dec. 1 to 10, was supposed to 
.demonstrate Tokyo’s leadership and 
show chat Japan was ready to achieve its 
' dream of a permanent seat on the United 
Nations Security Council. 

But now, some officials worry that 
the meeting will turn out to be not a 

■ triumph but a fiasco. 

“I'm very worried about it," said 
Knzuo Aichi, a former cabinet minister 
who is now a pro-environment member 
of Parliament "This will be a test not 
only of the environment but also of 
Japanese diplomacy." 

The problem is that the Kyoto con- 
ference was intended to be a historic 
convention that would commit coun- 
tries to cuts in emissions of heat-trap- 
ping greenhouse gases like carbon di- 
oxide, which mainstream scientists 
believe are linked to global wanning. 
But now that the time for sacrifice is 
approaching, some countries, particu- 
larly the United States, are losing their 

There is even some possibility that 
Japan will preside over a conference 
that simply falls apart 

'‘There is that possibility, bnt we 
would like to make utmost efforts to 
avoid the chance that we have no agree- 
ment at all," said a senior Japanese 
government official involved in prep- 
arations for the meeting. 

Prime Minister Ryu taro Hashimoto is 
-caught in a double crossfire on the is- 

One is the international battle over 
whether to require sharp cuts in emis- 
sions and if so. to whom to apply them. 
Any agreement that mandates sharp re- 
strictions or places them only on in- 
dustrialized countries may be torpedoed 
!by Washington, while one that places a 
significant burdeo on poor countries 
may not get their backing. 

The other crossfire is taking place 
among Japanese bureaucrats, who are 

■ telling the country’s leaders what po- 
sitions to adopt The environmental 
! agency is insisting on steep cuts in emis- 
sions, while the Ministry of Interaa- 
itional Trade and Industry says that is 

Mr. Hashimoto reportedly seems to 

be leaning toward a compromise that 
would require industrialized countries 
to cut their carbon dioxide emissions by 
the year 2010 to S percent below their 
1990 level. 

That is much weaker than the Euro- 
pean proposal — for a IS percent cut 
below the 1990 level — but it may still 
be tougher than the United States is 
willing to accept. 

President BUI Clinton is convening a 
major conference on the issue Moray 
and is expected to decide on the U.S. 
position later this month. Some Jap- 
anese are demanding that their gov- 
ernment do more to influence the United 
States now. 

"The Kyoto conference will not suc- 
ceed if Japan simply watches America's 
reaction and follows it,'* the Asahi 
Shimbun, probably Japan's most influ- 
ential newspaper, declared in an ed- 
itorial "The government should 
change its thinking so that it can set a 
higher target and lead America." 

Still, Mr. Hashimoto knows that the 
final treaty needs America's backing to 
be effective. The United States pro- 
duces 22 percent of the world's carbon 
dioxide emissions, far more than any 
other country. 

"Without the United States, we can- 
not make it,” the senior official warned. 
"The U.S. is vital to this negotiation, 
and we- have to find a solution that is 
acceptable to it as well” 

Goh Om Ft*ncc4*«eMe 

HIGH-WIRE REPAIR ACT — A workman fixing electric cables in 
Bering on Sunday as a cyclist with a child rode in the street below. 

India Gives Up 
On Satellite 

fci Ohr SuffFnM OufWtAo 

NEW DELHI — The government 
gave up control of a communications 
satellite Sunday after an outage in its 
power supply caused it to lose, its dir- 
ectional lock to Earth, the United News 
of India news agency reported. 

A power failure Friday disrupted 
trading at the National Stock Exchange 
in Bombay and caused problems for 
India's state-run television and the De- 
partment of Telecommunications. Tele- 
communication services to some parts 
of India were cut off. 

The government said it abandoned 
the satellite Sunday after scientists 
failed to correct die problem. 

.“We have lost the satellite," S. 
Krishnamurthy, a spokesman for In- 
dia’s space agency, the Space Research 
Organization, said of INSAT-2D, the 
country’s most advanced communica- 
tions satellite. 

All 24 transponders, used for com- 
munication and broadcast services on the 
Indian National Satellite system, were 
turned off Wednesday night after the 
satellite suffered a power failure. 

The decision to abandon the satellite 
was made "after it became dear that 
further recovery was not possible,” the 
Indian space agency's director, K. 
Narayanan, said. 

Scientists at the space agency said 
communications services were being 
transferred to three satellites in the IN- 
SAT-2 series. 

The INS AT-2D was launched in June 
by a French Ariane-4 rocket. The satel- 
lite cost India 4 3 billion rupees (SI 19.5 
million). (AP. Reuters) 

Media Hail Kim Jong Il’s Mandate of Heaven 9 


SEOUL — Apricot and pear trees are 
blooming in aut umn at factory sites in 
North Korea, and fishermen have 
caught a rare, albino sea cucumber. 

That can mean only one thing, ac- 
cording to Pyongyang's state media: 
Kim Jong H has the mandate of heaven 
to succeed his father as undisputed lead- 
er of die “Hermit Kingdom. ' ’ 

Mr. Kim has been credited with run- 
ning day-to-day internal affaire since 
Kim H Sung died of a heart attack in 

But the man known as "Dear Lead- 
er” has yet to be formally confirmed in 
two key posts held by his father — 
general secretary of die ruling Workers' 
Party and state president 
A North Korean diplomat in Beijing 
uld be formally el- 

said Mr. Kim woulc 

evated to general secretary on Thurs- 
day. The long-awaited inauguration of 
the troubled Stalinist state's de facto 
ruler would complete the first dynastic 
succession in Communist history. 

The party constitution requires a 
plenary session of the party’s 173-mem- 
ber Central Committee members to 
elect a new general secretary. 

But analysts in Seoul speculated that 
Mr. Kim’s inauguration could be en- 
dorsed through other mechanisms, al- 
though they remained divided over 
whether Mr. Kim might also fill the 
second top post, that of state president 

Trees may be blooming at the factory 
sites, but far too little food is growing 
after a two r year famine, which human- 
itarian agencies estimate has left 80,000 
children malnourished. Published re- 
ports last week said up to a million 

Koreans had starved to death. The hal- 
lelujah chorus for Mr. Kim began on 
Sept 21, when officials in South Py- 
ongan province, surrounding the cap- 
ital Pyongyang, unanimously endorsed 
him as general secretary. 

The following day, the army weighed 
in. saying Mr. Kim inspired soldiers 
with “the spirit of human bombs.” The 
backing of North Korea’s 1.14 million- 
strong army, which Mr. Kim heads as 
supreme commander, was decisive. 

Mystery shrouds the 55-year-old Mr. 

The Korean Central News Agency 
has issued a series of portraits describ- 
ing him as. a wunderkind who writes 
* operas, pilots jet planes and helped his 
father plan battles as a 10-year-old dur- 
ing the Korean War. 

To the outside world, Mr. Kim has a 

reputation as an unstable playboy who 
ordered several violent attacks on South 
Korean targets. (Reuters, AFP) 

■ Torn Newspaper Stalls Survey 

South Korea on Sunday postponed 
the departure of a nuclear reactor survey 
team for North Korea after the North 
angrily demanded an apology for de- 
faming its leader in an incident over a 
discarded newspaper, Agence France- 
Presse reported from Seoul 

The team bad been scheduled to leave 
Monday for the North’s port of Sixmo. 

Work on the reactor site stopped on 
Sept. 30, when a copy of the North’s 
official Rodong Sinmun newspaper 
containing a picture of Kim Jong U was 
found tom up in the dormitory of South 
Korean workers, a South Korean of- 
ficial said. 


Taleban Retreats 
From Key Airport 

KABUL — The Taleban militia 
has confirmed the loss of several 
important areas around the north- 
ern Afghan city of Mazar.i-Sharif. 

The opposition fighting the Is- 
lamic movement said] Sunday that it 
had taken an airport about 15 ki- 
lometers (10 miles) west of the city. 
A Taleban spokesman said that its 
forces had left the airport. 

“We evacuated our forces from 
Mazar airport last night after an 
opposition convoy entered the city 
yesterday from the west direction/' 
a Taleban spokesman said Sunday 

He said the militia was consol- 
idating its positions 40 kilometers 
to the east of Mazar. {Reuters) 

Ramos Addresses 
Huge Manila Rally 

MANILA — President Fidel 
Ramos, apparently referring to the 
influential Roman Catholic 
Church, urged Filipinos on Sunday 
not to allow interest groups to set 
the nation’s political agenda. 

Mr. Ramos said Filipinos “can- 
not allow interest groups, no matter 
how powerful, no matter how well- 
intentioned. to set the nation’s civil 

Mr. Ramos, the country’s first 
Protestant leader, was speaking at a 
huge prayer rally organized by 
Protestant groups that support him. 
The police estimated that 700.000 
people attended it. - (Reuters) 

Australia Changes 
Key Cabinet Jobs 

CANBERRA — Prime Minister 
John Howard announced major 
changes to his cabinet Sunday after 
a damaging scandal on travel al- 
lowances forced three ministers 
from office. 

Amanda Vanstone was replaced 
as employment and education min- 
ister by her former depnty, David 
Kemp. Employment is expected to 
be a key issue in the next election, 
expected late next year. 

In other cabinet changes, the 
workplace relations minister, Peter 
Reith, was given responsibility for 
waterfront reform, and Mark Vaile 
replaced John Slurp as transport 
minister. (Reuters) 


The top 

























35 8* 
































CNN is proud to announce the tenth anniversary of the opening of its news bureau in Paris, 

What’s more, the birthday celebrations coincide with the launch of our new regionalised programme 
schedule, designed specially for Europe, Africa and the Middle East, And with a further 31 news bureaux 
around the globe, the world can continue to count on CNN International for unrivalled news coverage, 
and the best- information programming. 









t History and Heritage Complicate U.S. Envoy’s Swiss Tour 


By Elaine Sciolino 

NwJfoX Times Service 

BURLINGTON, Vermont — In her 
inaugural speech as governor of Ver- 
mont 12 years ago, Madeleine Kunin 
■ proclaimed that her victory had changed 

first woman' to serve as 
governor of Vermont, the third Demo- 
crat since the Civil War and the second 
governor of European birth.” she said. 

It did not occur to her to mention that 
she was also the first Jew. 

But' since her arrival as ambassador 
. last year in Switzerland, the country 
where she was bom 63 years ago, Ms. 
Kunin has had to confront her Jew- 
ishness in new and unsettling ways. 

She had barely settled in Bern when 
diplomatic conflict broke out after the 
United States pressed the Swiss to ac- 
knowledge and publish information 
about bank accounts that had been 
dormant since World War n, some of 
them belonging to Jewish refugees. It 
was Ms. Kunin ’s fate to be the daughter 
of one of them. 

“In America you could break 

through ail that.” she said in an in- 
terview in Bern in August. “In Switzer- 
land my Jewishness is more visible, 
shall we say. 

“Not that I want to hide it. I don't 
But it surprises me when I’m identified 
according to religion. That does not 
happen to American Jews. One of the 
joys of being Jewish in America is that 
it’s part of you, but it’s not a 

Unlike Secretary of State 
Madeleine Albright, whose 
Czech parents hid their Jew- 
ish roots from her, Ms. Kunin 

was raised in the faith. As a 

child she fled Switzerland 

with her mother and brother when the 

Nazis seemed poised to invade. 

Last week she was back in Burlington 
to celebrate Rosh Hashanah with her 

As ambassador, Ms. Kunin spends 73 
percent of her time these days dealing 
with the fallout from Switzerland's re- 
luctant discovery that its neutral role 
was not always a heroic one. She listens 
to the Swiss, coaxing them to face the 
legacy of the Holocaust She encour- 

ages them to identify money ia Swiss 
banks belonging to victims of the Nazis 
and to pay compensation for their loss. 

She is not crucial in making U.S. 
policy, senior administration officials 
say, but rather In explaining America to 
die Swiss. 

Often, she keeps silent. Ever since (he 
Swiss reacted with, fury to a State De- 

‘Some Swiss are convinced I was chosen 
because I am Jewish, which is not true. 
Fve never been the Jewish anything . 9 

partment report issued in May about 
their country's World War n perfor- 
mance, the Clinton administration has 
refrained from criticizing the Swiss on 
the record. 

Ms. -Kunin says bluntly she “is not 
taking a position” when the subject 
turns to a simple question of justice: 
Why not insist that the Swiss comply 
with the 31-year-old Washington Ac- 
cord requiring them to turn over much 
of the Nazi loot that was deposited in 

their banks? 

The consensus in the State Depart- 
ment is that in a country where letters to 
newspapers routinely accuse "Jewish 
circles" of terror, extortion and greed, 
even speculating about such an initi- 
ative would only provoke more out- 

Despite toned-down language, just 
about every article written 
about Ms. Kunin in Switzer- 
land describes the rift and 
refers to her as Jewish. Some 
of her mail lectures her to be 
more loyal to her Swiss roots. 

And there, is a suspicion 

among many Swiss, articd? 
la ted obliquely, that she was given the 
ambassadorship less because of ber 
knowledge of their country and her abil- 
ity to speak German than because of her 

“Some Swiss are convinced that I 
was chosen because I am Jewish, which 
is not true,” she said. ‘Tve never been 
the Jewish anything.” 

The Swiss identification of bar as 
Jewish deepened in July, when the 
Swiss government published in news- 


Agony in Umbria 

Quake Menace Gnaws at Roots 
Of Italy’s Art-Based Culture 

By Michael Kimmelman 

New YorkTmes Service 



along with another ceiling 
fresco of SL Geronimo, a 
work that is sometimes at- 
tributed to Giotto or his fol- 

Aftershocks since then 
have continued to shake the 
church, not to mention every- 
one's sense of security. A 
team of engineers is busily 
deciding how best to secure 
the upper basilica. 

But the basilica is just the 
roost famous monument to 
suffer in the quakes. Large 
chunks of the homely fres- 
coes of saints in the council 
room of city hall in Assisi 
litter the floor, and the build- 
ing is frill of dangerous-look- 
ing fissures. Skittish officials 
scrambling to cope with (he 
damage become apoplectic 
when anyone ventures into 
the shaky hall 

In Follgno. the first quakes 
opened an ugly gash between 
the facade and the rest of San 
Salvatore, a Renaissance 
church. The ghostly town 
center, strewn with bricks, is 

ROME — After the initial 
earthquake on Sept 26 
rocked the gentle Umbrian 
hill town of Montefalco in the 
middle of the night Luigi 
Gambacurta. the mayor and a 
geography teacher there, 
awoke to ensure that the 
schools were safe. Then with 
an engineer he headed for the 
local museum to check its 
precious Renaissance fres- 
coes by Perugino and 
Benozzo GozzolL A few tell- 
tale flakes of plaster pointed 
to a small crack in a rib of the 
vault above the Benozzos, so 
Mr. Gambacurta quickly en- 
listed help to buttress the 
walls with scaffolding. 

The job was barely fin- 
ished when the strong second 
quake struck. Hie frescoes 
were spared. 

“Benozzo Gozzoli is the 
bread of Montefalco because 
be gives an image to our 

products,” Mr. Gambacurta _ 

said. “ But he .is also.our .soul co rdoned off because toetip. . . _ 
because he connects us to our of the cathedral's bell tower 

Two Franciscan monks attending an outdoor Mass honoring Saint Francis of Assisi. 

around the world a list of about 
"l.SOO names of holders of dormant bank 
accounts dating from World War n, a 
move that Ms. Kunin had doggedly pur- 

Sitting behind her desk scanning the 
list in the Financial times, she spotted a 
familiar name: her mother's. 

“May, Renee, New Yoik/^the entry 

Suddenly Ms. Kunin moved from 
policy promoter to plaintiff. 

“The list does show how easy it 
would have been to find some of the 
people," she said. “They had my moth- 
er’s name and New Yoik City. I guess 
they could have started with the tele- 
phone books.” 

She and her brother, Edgar May, a 
Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and 
former Vermont politician, have filed 
their claim to what they believe is their 
late mother's small bank account. 

So is there a conflict of interest? She 
says not 

“This does affect me, and there's no 
sense pretending that it doesn’t,” she 
acknowledged. “But I've learned to 
compartmentalize and put this in one 

Now she veers from praising the 
Swiss for their efforts to revealing 
flashes of impatience. 

At a Rotary Club luncheon in Bur- 
lington last week, she seemed to apo- 
logize for what she called the Swiss 

“Every time somebody praises them, 
somebody else criticizes titan," she 

And she is reluctant to fault tize Swiss 
for scrambling to shorten a long- 
awaited new fist of perhaps 100,000 
dormant accounts belonging to Swiss 
residents and for delaying its release. Or 
to press the Swiss to schedule a na- 
tionwide referendum before 1999 on 
whether to create a $4.7 billion hu- 
manitarian fund. 

Bat at another point during the lunch- 
eon, she openly complained. 

“The Swiss have responded 
slowly,” she said. “That’s probably a 
mild way to put it." 

Among political commentators in 
Switzerland, there is some sympathy for 
the delicate role she plays. 

“That her mother was on the list has 
to make her position more difficult,” 
said Pierre Hazan, a col umnis t for Le 
Nouveau Quotidien. who is Jewish. 

Ms. K unin is deeply concerned that if 
die United States is not careful, all of the 
em phasis on money will burst into a 
new wave of anti-Semitism in a country 
in which only 18,000 of a population of 
seven milli on are Jewish. 

“A lot of us are uncomfortable when 
the focus is exclusively on money,” she 
said. “It fuels the old anti-Semitic 
cliches about Jews and money.” 

Italian Left Leader 
May Support Prodi 

ROME — Italy’s hard-left lead- 
er, Fausto Bertinotti, said in an in- 
terview published Sunday that his 
meeting with Prime Minister Ro- 
mano Prodi on Monday could make 
or break die government. 

Mr. Bertinotti, whose Refoun- 
ded Communist Party supports Mr. 
Prodi ’s center-left administration 
in the Chamber of Deputies, the 
lows’ house of Parliament, told the 
newspaper La Stamps that he 
would propose a one-year pact with 
the government at the meeting, but 
he remained gloomy about the 
prospects of such a’ deal. 

“Let's put it this way,” he said. 
“We're inclined toward pessimism, 
but we’ll do all we can because 
tomogow’s meeting could prevent 

tbe fall of this government. “ 

He said the Communists were 
still unsure whether" differences on 
tbe 1998 budget and welfare reform 
could be patched up. (Reuters) 

U.S. Backs Control 
Of Media in Bosnia 

PALE, Bosnia-Herzegovina — 
The United States special envoy to 
Bosnia, Robert Gelbard, proposed 
Sunday that mediators regulate the 
nation’s media, in effect formal- 
izing de facto international control 
over broadcasting in the Serbian- . 
ruled half of the country. . 

Last week, troops of the NATO- 
led peace force seized four trans- 
mitters broadcasting Bosnian Serb, 
state television bared in Pale, the 
stronghold of Radovan Karadzic 
and his hard-line supporters. 

Mr. Gelbard said me Pale studio 
had continually broadcast “threats, 
lies and distortions” about the in- 
ternational organizations enforcing 
the 1995 peace accord. (AP) 

Yeltsin Ally Falls III 

MOSCOW — Anatoli Sobchak, 
the former mayor of St Petersburg, 
has been hospitalized with heart 
trouble after collapsing during 
questioning about corruption, the 
Itar-Tass news agency said. 

Mr. Sobchak, 60, one of Pres- 
ident Boris Yeltsin’s reformist al- 
lies, was taken to an intensive care 
facility after suffering what was 
suspected to be a heart attack dur- 
ing die questioning. (AP) 


has crumbled. The cracked 
top of the tower of the ancient 
city hall also tilts precari- 
ously. like an overturned cup 
falling from its saucer. Of- 
ficials were planning to 
knock it down. 

Constantino Centroni, the 
superintendent for art in Um- 
bria, who calmly tries to deal 
with the three telephones on 
the desk in his office in Per- 
ugia, which ring off toe hook 
all day and night, said: 
“We’re not talking about 
restoring a fresco here or 
there but about basic damage 
to practically all toe buildings 
in Umbria. 

' ‘They ’re all important be- 
cause they testify to history. 
Each of us, myself included, 
has deep roots in these places 
where we were born, and each 
of us wants his church or bell 
tower because it represents 
his own culture ana herit- 

So when fire fighters in 
Nocera Umbra, a town dev- 
astated by quakes, decided to 
tear down the rickety Church 
of St Peter alcmg with its fres- 
coes without consulting Mr. 
Centroni he was furious, not 
because tbe church has cul- 
tural significance outside 
Umbria, which it does not, but 
because it belongs to a del- 
icate fabric of regional iden- 

“Without their churches 
and towers, many of these 
tiny medieval towns, which 
have few people in them 
already , may simply be aban- 
doned because these monu- 
ments are what ties them to 
(heir homes,” he said. 

There has been a measure 
of toe usual finger pointing 
about possible faulty restor- 
ations from decades ago that 
may have aggravated toe ef- 
fects of the quakes. No one 
can say for sure yet if any- 
thing could have been done, 
the 15th-century pointer or what should be done next 
Benozzo Gozzoli may not be ' More than a dozen teams of 
world famous like Giotto but architects, conservators and 


And on Friday another 
quake, in Umbria, registered 
4.8 on the open-ended Richter 
scale. With toe continuing 
quakes that have caused a re- 
ported 11 deaths and left 
thousands of people home- 
less, countless churches and 
public buildings in toe region 
and in toe adjacent region of 
tbe Marches are now closed, 
and dozens have suffered 
structural problems. 

To travel through the af- 
fected region is not primarily 
to see enormous damage to 
the major monuments, like 
the vast basilica of St Francis 
in AssisC the great pilgrimage 
site and Umbria's artistic 
heart, but to find a broader 
and subtler form of cultural 

“The damage in the ba- 
silica in Assisi is terrible, of 
course, but we must not forget 
that toe earthquakes have 
struck a large zone with lesser 
buildings and art that alto- 
gether characterize toe re- 
gion,” said Giordana 
Benazzi, who is in charge of 
evacuating an from damaged 
buildings around Foligno. 
"To lose them is to lose toe 
region's character.” 

It can sometimes be hard 
for foreigners to grasp toe 
particular, profound connec- 
tion that Italians have be- 
tween their art and their iden- 
tity. Americans tend to 
evaluate a calamity like this 
by trying to put dollar figures 
on die loss. Italians talk about 
cultural patrimony. 

The debate among art 
scholars over whether Giotto, 
a Florentine, or Pietro 
Cavallini, a Roman, painted 
the crucial cycle of frescoes 
of St Francis in Assisi’s ba- 
silica, a touchstone of early 
Italian art. is a matter of re- 
gional pride that has made the 
front pages. A fine artist like 

As Serbs Vote, Milosevic 
Gets Cooperation Pledge 


BELGRADE — The Radical Party leader, Vojislav Seselj, 
promised cooperation with President Slobodan Milosevic of 
Yugoslavia and confrontation with toe West if he won toe 
Serbian presidency Sunday. 

“The Radical Party’s victory would rule out any possibility 
of kneeling to any Western force," Mr. Seselj said after 
voting. “Serbia will focus on its own interests, tbe interests of 
toe Serbian people and all its citizens,” he said. “It won’t be 
anyone’s servant,” ^ 

Mr. Seselj was chaU 
Ltiic. of the Serbian Socialist Party 

Midway through toe voting, the independent election mon- 
itoring body CESID said toe turnout in Belgrade and eight large 
provincial electoral districts averaged 17.25 percent, ranging 
from 16.74 percent in toe capital to 25 percent in Cacak. 

The vote must exceed 50 percent of the 7.2 million elec- 
torate to be valid and avoid another election. There was a 
strong possibility toe threshold would not be reached because 
of a boycott by opposition parties. There was no information 
from the electoral commission, which normally issues turnout 
figures at regular intervals during voting. 

Mr. Milosevic looked grim when he voted with his wife, 
Miijana Markovic, who is leader of tbe powerful neo-Com- 
munist Yugoslav United Left, to which most of Serbia’s non- 
Socialist political and business elite belong. 

Mr. Seselj, a hard-line nationalist ana opponent of the 
Bosnian peace agreement, has at times been an ally of Mr. 
Milosevic’s and at times a foe. Commenting on relations if he 
won tbe presidency, he said: “Our duties are strictly defined 
by toe constitution. I doubt whether he’ll be able prevent me 
from fulfilling mine.” He added, “I have no intention of 
hampering him in fulfilling his either.” 

■ A Top War Crimes Suspect Will Surrender 

A top Bosnian Croat war crimes suspect, Dario Kordic, bias 
agreed to surrender to toe international tribunal in tbe Hague, 
Reuters reported from Zagreb, quoting toe Croatian defense 
minister, Gojko Susak. 

Mr. Kordic joined nine other Bosnian Croats who said 
through one of their lawyers Friday that they would leave for 
toe Hague Monday to face charges. 


nportant to the 

he is as un 

people of Montetoico as 
Giotto is to the people of As- 
sisi or Florence — or New 

International attention has 
inevitably turned to the ba- 
silica in Assisi, where, in a 
sense. Italian Renaissance 
painting began. After the first 
quake on Sept. 26, four 

engineers from Umbria. 
Rome and Florence have 
been sent to assess the dam- 
age to all toe monuments in 
Umbria and the Marches. 

“People are looking to toe 
basilica as a sign." said Nic- 
ola Giandomenico, a friar, 
who saw the damage to toe 
upper basilica -before the 
latest quake. He said that de- 

people inspecting damages to spite the continuing tremors 
the upper part or toe basilica toe hope 

were killed by falling debris 

was to reopen the 
unharmed lower basilica, per- 

from tbe second quake, which haps as early as tois weekend 
intensified toe focus on the intir 

building and the condition of 
its historic frescoes by Cim- 
abue, Giotto and others. A 
fresco by Cimabue of Sr. 
Mark on the ceiling collapsed 

time for the feast day of St. 
Francis, but more likely next 

“To open toe lower ba- 
silica would certainly be a 
sign,” he said. 


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Libya Buys U.S. Goods 
Through NATO Allies 

By Raymond Bonner 

New York Times Service 

. LONDON — In order to elude eco- 
nomic sanctions imposed by Washing- 
ton, Libya is buying U.S.-made goods 
through front companies in Britain and 
other NATO countries, according to in- 
terviews with U.S. and European of- 
ficials, court records and other public 

Colonel Moammar Gadhafi ’s govern- 
ment. long accused of sponsoring ter- 
rorism, has been able to obtain 
everything from U.S.-made computers 
to a portable diesel fuel refinery, fuel 
pumps, pipe-laying machines and well- 
drilling equipment through European 

Much of the equipment has been ac- 
quired for a project designed to move 
water 965 kilometers (600 miles) 
through the Sahara Desert, or so the 
Libyans say. 

U.S. officials say that Colonel 
Gadhafi 's so-called Great Man-Made 
River Project also masks construction of 
a chemical weapons plant at Tarhuna, 
which the CIA watches closely and 
Washington has even threatened to 

Washington's efforts to put a crimp in 
the brisk, sanctions-bustmg trade are 
hampered because U.S. law enforcement 
agencies receive only limited cooper- 
ation from their allies in investigating 
these transactions, American officials in 
Europe and the United States said. 

“Foreign governments, including the 
British, cooperate in helping us make 
. cases against American companies, but 
when it comes to actions against compa- 
nies in their own countries, they are 
reluctant," said Michael Turner, deputy 
director of strategic investigations at the 
U.S. Customs Service, choosing his 
words carefully. 

In what the justice Department says is 
the largest known case of unlawful trad- 
ing with Libya since Washington im- 
posed sanctions a decade ago, a Texas 
company made more than 100 ship- 
ments between 1994 and 1996 of anti- 

corrosive pipe coating, machines and 
parts to a British company, which sent 
them on to Libya for the irrigation proj- 
ect, according to court documents. The 
materials were just the kind that might be 
needed for the water project, but would 
also be ideal for the chemical weapons 
factory, experts say. 

The U.S. company has had its export 
license revoked, arid the U.S. attorney in 
Houston is investigating the matter, 
which could lead to a criminal indict- 
ment, U.S. officials said. 

U.S. officials are guarded when talk- 
ing about the problem of America's al- 
lies serving as conduits, lest they create, 
diplomatic disputes, and because there 
are several active investigations in 
which Washington is hoping for co- 
operation in prosecuting U.S. and for- 
eign participants. 

The United States does not know how 
much equipment destined for Libya 
passes through Britain and Germany, 
countries where the problem seems to be 
the greatest at the moment; the author- 
ities there do not bring suspicious cases 
to the attention of the Americans. 

Sweeping economic sanctions were 
Erst imposed on Libya in 1986 by Pres- 
ident Ronald Reagan, based on charges 
that Colonel Gadhafi was behind. nu- 
merous terrorist acts. 

Washington hoped that the pressure 
would persuade Colonel Gadhafi to 
hand over two suspects in the bombing 
of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, 
Scotland, in 1988. 

Last year, in a farther effort to cripple 
Libya economically. Congress enacted 
the Iran-Ubya Sanctions Act, which al- 
lows Washington to impose sanctions on 
foreign companies doing business with 

Although London has repeatedly 
stressed that Libya must surrender the 
Lockerbie suspects, in Britain, as inmost 
European countries, it is not unlawful to 
trade with Libya if die goods do not have 
a clear military use or if they do not 
violate the limited United Nations sanc- 
tions, which mohitrit arms sales to Libya 
and restrict nights there. 

feta KawnrUmcr. 

The leader of Israel’s Labor Party, Ehud Barak, center, emerging from 
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office Sunday after a briefing on 
the attempted assassination in Jordan of the political leader of Hamas. 

ISRAEL: A Botched Hit Sparks Crisis 

Continued from Page I 

not allow the sheikh to return to Gaza 
unless Jordan released the two detained 
Israelis. Reuters reported. 

Zeev Schiff. a reporter for Ha'aretz, 
was among several voices insisting that 
if Mr. Netanyahu was responsible for the 
debacle, he had to step down. 

For now, Mr. Netanyahu has re- 
mained silent But a statement issued 
after the cabinet's weekly meeting, 
while avoiding direct comment on the 
affair, sought indirectly to defend the 
attempted assassination and to defend 
Mr. Netanyahu against published 
charges that he had ordered the assas- 
sination over the objections of his se- 
curity chiefs. 

The statement described the target of 
the attack, Khaled Meshal. as “respon- 
sible for the murder of innocent Israeli 
civilians.” It also followed Mr. Netan- 
yahu's practice in his many crises of 
attacking the press. 

“False charges are being published, 
thus cynically exploiting a situation in 
which the government is, at present, 
refraining from comment,' ’ it said. 

In Jordan, Ring Hussein also con- 
tinued to refrain from directly accusing 
Israel of the attempted assassination. But 
in an interview with the Arabic daily Al 
Hayat, the king assailed the attempt on 
Mr. Meshal as “an irresponsible act' ' by 
someone determined to undermine the 
process toward peace. 

Making clear who he meant. King 
Hussein proceeded to lash at Mr. Net- 
anyahu with unusually blunt terms: “lam 
personally unable to reach a conclusion 
as to how the Israeli prime minister 
thinks. This makes me very worried.’’ 

Experts in Israeli strategic affairs also 
said they were stymied by the thinking 
behind the operation. “It probably 
would have been an even greater disaster 
if they would’ve killed this guy.” said 
Mark Heller, research fellow ai the Jaffee 

U.S. Carrier Move IRAN: U.S. Reconsiders Vow to Punish Total for Iran Investment 

U„* Continued from Page 1 the State Department spokesman, said sore — two New York Republicans 

liaises Tensions, * last week. Senator Alfonse D’Amato and Rep 

criticized by some members of Congress “The objective of the legislation is sentative Benjamin Gilman, sent a lei 

(vlllfPflllPr Afififrtfi an abandonment of U.S. policy. not to impose sanctions. The objective is to President Bill Clinton demanding 

A a " cl w Officials said the decision was con- to get other countries, in Europe in par- tribution against Total. 


DUBAI. United Arab Fanirates 
— The United States has needlessly 
raised tensions in the Gulf by rush- 
ing an aircraft carrier to the region, 
one of the leading newspapers in die 
Gulf said Sunday. 

The U.S. defense secretary, Wil- 
liam Cohen, ordered the carrier 
Nimitz last week to skip a port call 
in Singapore and move to the Gulf 
“at best speed" in response to Ira- 
nian air raids on bases of armed 
opposition exiles in southern Iraq. 

At the same time, Washington 
warned the government in Tehran 
that Iranian aircraft could be shot 
down if they violated the flight ban. 

"The U.S. already has an oper- 
ational force in the region to patrol 
the ‘no-fly zone’ inside Iraq, so Nim- 
itz could have got to the region a few 
days later than planned without cre- 
ating a crisis,” the newspaper Gulf 
News said in an editorial 

The English-language daily said 
the ban on flights in the north, and 
another in southern Iraq, amounted 
to “a questionable curtailment of 
Iraq’s sovereignty." It said the way 
the United States enforced the two 
no-flight zones — one in the north 
declared in 1991 to protect Kurds 
and one in the south imposed in 
1992 after Iraqi Air Force raids on 
Iraqi Shiites — was a major re- 
proach in itself. 

“Why is Turkey being allowed to 
violate Iraq’s sovereignty by flying 
into the ‘no-fly zone* in the north of 
Iraq and attacking its Kurdish rebels 
from the air and on the ground with- 
out any action being taken by the 
U.S.?" the paper asked. 

ticular, to work with us on the subject of 
tightening up the pressure on Iran." 

Continued from Page 1 the State Department spokesman, said 

‘ last week. 

criticized by some members of Congress “The objective of the legislation is 

as an abandonment of U.S. policy. not to impose sanctions. The objective is 

Officials said the decision was con- to get other countries, in Europe in par- tribution against Total, 
sistent with the U.S. commitment to ticular, to work with us on the subject of 
deter terrorism. tightening up the pressure on Iran." 

The objective of die Iran-Libya Sane- He said U.S. negotiators would meet 

tions Act was to encourage other coirn- with EU officials twice this month about 
tries to join the United States in hying to ‘ ‘ways to ratchet up the pressure.” 
isolate Iran economically, administra- After protracted negotiations. Total 
lion officials said. last week joined the Russian gas giant 

If negotiations with the EU lead to Gazprom and the Malaysian state oil 
more vigorous European measures to company Petronas in a $2 billion deal to 
combat Iranian support for terrorism and develop the Iranian offshore gas field 
limit Iran's access to sophisticated known as South Pars, 
weapons, the purpose of the law will Total virtually dared the United States 
have been fulfilled and sanctions will not to act, knowing it had the support of the 
be required, officials said. French government and the European 

"It’s important to bear in mind the Union for its challenge to U.S. efforts to 
reasons why we supported the legis- assert its policies in Europe. 

Iation in the first place,” James Rubin, The sanction legislation's chief spon- 

sors — two New York Republicans — 
Senator Alfonse D’Amato and Repre- 
sentative Benjamin Gilman, sent a letter 
to President Bill Clinton demanding re- 

“If the United States does not take 
swift, decisive action to apply these 

He said U.S. negotiators would meet availabl e sanctions, we will nndercu tour 

“ways to ratchet up the pressure.” 

After protracted negotiations. Total 
last week joined the Russian gas giant 
Gazprom and the Malaysian state oil 
company Petronas in a $2 billion deal to 
develop the Iranian offshore gas field 
known as South Pars. 

Total virtually dared the United States 
to act, knowing it had the support of the 
French government and the European 
Union for its challenge to U.S. efforts to 
assert its policies in Europe. 

Hie sanction legislation 's chief spon- legislation. 

long- standing policy against Iranian ter- 
rorism, a policy which you have ad- 
vocated at the summit level on many 
occasions,” they said. 

. But the EU and France made clear that 
they would support Total and warned 
Washington against any retaliation. 

Total had a legal right to make the 
deal, the European Commission chair- 
man, Sir Leon Brittan, said in a state- 
ment, adding that steps already taken by 
the Europeans to rein in Iran 4 ‘meet the 
terms for a waiver set out" in the U.S. 

KOREA: Presidential Candidates Take to the Television Screen 

Continued from Page 1 the candidate could control his image 

better than on live TV shows, is all but 
“A lot of people are interested in this dead. Television has overtaken the rally 
campaign because we don't know who is as the most important campaign tooL It 
going to win,” said Kim Young Ku, 60, is assuming a central role here because it 
a retired elementary school teacher. In is only in recent years that the media 
the past, she said, people assumed it have been so independent of the gov- 
wouid be the governing party’s can- eminent A package of political reforms 
didate. in 1987 helped make the country more 

Mrs. Kim said she welcomed the new democratic, and every year since then 

with bribes and cash that there is no 
reliable accounting of how much was 
spent although many say more than SI 
billion was spent in file 1992 election. 

Voters were sickened by testimony in 

TV exposure because voters finally have TV stations and newspapers have grown 
a chance to “meet" candidates, see how freer. 

they differ from one another and get a 
glimpse of their personalities. 

She was disappointed, she said, when 
Mr. Lee recently was asked on TV to 
name his three top wishes. 

“All of them were about his own 
family." she said. “We need a strong 

is only in recent years that the media the trials last year of two former pres- 
have been so independent of the gov- idents who tola of amassing hundreds of 
eminent A package of political reforms millions of dollars in political slush 
in 1987 helped make the country more funds. Rob Tae Woo, president from 
democratic, and every year since then 1988 to 1993. publicly apologized for 
TV stations and newspapers have grown collecting $630 million in illicit con- 
freer. tributions. Mr. Roh, and his predecessor 

“Times have changed, and the gov- Chun Doo Hwan, whose slush fund was 
eminent controls much less,” said Shin believed to be even big ge r, remain in 

“Times have changed, and the gov- 
ernment controls much less.” said Shin 

Nakyun, a member of the National As- jail, and public disgust with sleazy 
sembly and of Kim Dae Jung’s National money politics remains high. 

r kt - a I • jTTt-T* . 

Congress for New Politics party. 

Oh Se Eung, deputy speaker of the 
National Assembly and member of the 

leader, somebody with a grand vision for New Korea Party, said the use of free TV 

the country.” 

The campaign this year is also pivotal 
because die outdoor mass rally, where 

has risen alongside the “strong anti- 
comiptioo mood in the country.” 

Past elections have been so soaked 

Rock ’n 5 Roll Toll: Clinton Gets Hearing Aids 

By Peter Baker 

HUsAwxrun Post Sen-ice 

WASHSINGTON — A half-cento ly 
of marching bonds, rock V roll music 
and campaign rallies has taken such a 
toll on President Bill Clinton's ears that 
doctors have fitted him for bearing 

For years. Mr. Clinton has suffered 
from a high-frequency hearing loss that 
makes it difficult to discern what people 
are saying in the din of a crowded room. 
But the condition has worsened to the 
point where the president even com- 
plained that he could not make out what 
hecklers were shouting at him during 
recent speeches. 

“It interferes with his understanding 
of certain words,” said James Suen, the 
hearing specialist who examined Mr. 
Clinton last week during his annual 
physical checkup. “It’s not anything 
likeprofound deafness.” 

• The president will receive one device 
for each ear. but will have to use them 
only in sellings where he typically has 
had trouble hearing, such as receptions 
or political fund-raisers. Unlike older 
models that are easily noticeable, the 
advanced “completely-in-canal” ver- 
sions chosen for Mr. Clinton are so hid- 
den that most people around him will not 
know when he is wearing them. 

While Ronald Reagan used them dur- 
ing his years at the White House, Mr. 

Clinton at 51 is far younger, and the 
image of a baby- boomer president with 
hearing aids could have widespread im- 
pact, medical experts said. Wnai is un- 
usual is that someone of his age would so 
readily accept the inevitability of need- 
ing artificial help. Of 26 million Amer- 
icans with hearing loss, only an esti- 
mated 6 million wear bearing aids. 

“There are a lot of people out there 
who need these but there’s such a stigma 

attached to them,” said Karen Doyle, an 
ear specialist who is a member of the 
American Academy of Otolaryngology- 
Head and Neck Surgery. 

Sales of bearing aids jumped after Mr. 
Reagan began using them, and industry 
representatives predicted that Mr. Clin- 
ton will make it even more socially 
acceptable for a generation that was the 
first raised on rock music and is now 
suffering the consequences. 

CLINTON: Republicans Assail Decision 

Continued from Page 1 inquiry is due Oct IS. On Friday, she 

said that an examination of telephone 
He said Ms. Reno had not known of solicitations by Mr. Gore would be ex- 
rir existence and that die White House tended by up to 60 days. 

)uld have to explain the delay in pro- Before the outburst of criticism on 
ring them, but added. “As yet, there's Sunday, administration officials had 
solutely no reason to believe they said they hoped Ms. Reno’s letter would 
nild change her conclusion whatso- provide sufficient legal and factual sub- 
er.” stance to puncture the charges of some 

The tapes could place Ms. Reno in an Republicans that she was acting purely 

their existence and that die White House 
would have to explain the delay in pro- 
ducing them, but added, "As yet, there’s 
absolutely no reason to believe they 
would change her conclusion whatso- 

The tapes could place Ms. Reno in an 

awkward position, coining so soon after on partisan grounds as the appointee of a 
the letter to legislators, in which she said Democratic presidenL 

As a result, this presidential campaign 
is expected to cost a small fraction of 
what the 1992 campaign did. And as part 
of the effort to curb spending. National 
Assembly members are discussing 
whether to outlaw the mass rally, which 
Mr. Oh called the “base of corrup- 

Some politicians estimate that in the 
past a single outdoor political rally cost 
$20 million. The events were so ex- 
pensive because candidates would gath- 
er as many as a million people, most of 
whom would be given a “daily allow- 
ance" of perhaps $10 for showing up. 
Hundreds of buses would be ordered to 
transport people from all over the coun- 
try. Even hotel rooms had to be 
provided. By a conservative accounting, 
if 500,000 showed up, the rally would 
cost about $5 million. 

In the current campaign, all the tele- 
vision air time used thus far has been 
free, and paid advertisements are limited 
to the final month before the vote. Last 
week, MBC, a major network, gave 90 
■ minutes in prime time to each candidate. 
On successive nights, a panel of scholars 
and journalists questioned each con- 

Lew Hyuk In, chairman of the Korea 
Cable Communications Commission, 
said that even in the 1992 presidential ' 
race, TV campaigning “was not in full 

• “But there has been a huge change" 
this lime around, he said. 

Not surprisingly, some within the rul- 
ing party are critical of the new cam- 
paign. They say the practice of allowing 

Threat to Rare Wildlife 

Fires Hit Protected Areas and Kill Orangutans 

By Michael Richardson 

Ituenuttofuil Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — The Forest fires in 
Indonesia arc threatening some of the 
region’s most vulnerable wildlife, in- 
cluding such rare species as orangutans, 
the Javan and Sumatran rhinoceroses 
and the Sumatran tiger, conservationists 
said Sunday. 

They said that the fires, which started 
in July, were destroying important pro- 
tected areas in the Indonesian provinces 
of Kalimantan, Sumatra, Java and Irian 
Jaya — home to some of the richest and 
most diverse plant, insect and animal life 
on the planet. 

“About 30 female orangutans have 
died as a result of the fires in Kali- 
mantan,” said Willie Smits. coordinator 
of orangutan conservation activities at 
Indonesia’s Environment and Forestry 
Ministry in Jakarta. 

The islands of Borneo — about two- 
thirds of which is Indonesia’s Kali- 
mantan Province — and Sumatra are the 
only places in the world where oran- 
gutans are found in the wild. There are 
estimated to be fewer than 30,000 of the 
orange-haired primates — at least 30 
percent fewer than a decade ago. 

Environmentalists warned that the 
threat to endangered and vulnerable spe- 
cies could become much worse if the 
fires continued to spread. 

“Already, some II protected areas 
are burning in Sumatra. Kalimantan. 
Iran Jaya and Java,” said Darmawan 
Liswanto, who works with the species- 
monitoring project in the Jakarta office 
of the World Wide Fund for Nature. 

He said dial there had been extensive 
destruction of forests in Kalimantan and 
Sumatra, where, even before the fires 
started, only about 2 percent of the or- 
angutans’ original forest habitat re- 
mained. “Much of it was in areas now 
ravaged by fire or affected by the thick * 
smoke,” Mr. Liswanto said. 

Hie orangutan is listed as “vulner- 
able” in wildlife categories established 
by the World Conservation Union. 

Indonesia also is home to a number of 
other rare species whose ability to sur- 
vive, environmentalists say, may be 

threatened by the fires. Three of them — 
the Javan and Sumatran rhinoceroses 
and the Sumatran tiger, have been listed 
as ■'critically endangered” by the Wold 
Conservation Union. 

“Although the main concentrations 
of the Indonesian population of Sumat- 
ran rhinos, some 100 to 200 animals, a re 
still outside the fire areas, there are small 
groups in some of the affected protected 
areas that arc verv threatened,” said 
Elizabeth Kemf of the World Wildlife 
Fund International in Gland. Switzer- 


Solidarity Strained 

Continued from Page 1 

and environment minister. Law Hieng 
Ding, said he had conveyed to Indone- 
sian officials the feelings of Malaysians 
over what they viewed as a lock of 
effective action by Indonesia. 

“We have spent millions and sent our 
fiTe fighters to Indonesia, besides de- 
claring an emergency and enforcing 
strict anti-pollution regulations in the 
country,” he said in an interview with a 
Malaysian newspaper. “Howe via 1 , we 
want to see Indonesia doing more. We 
have been generous in our financial con- 
tributions, but this should not be taken 
advantage of." 

Singapore’s satellite photographs ap- 
pear to confirm claims by officials of the 

New Algeria Raid 
Kills 16 Children 

Cam^itrd In Oar Sttf From DufMUbn 

ALGIERS — Sixteen schoolchil- 
dren and their driver were killed 
Sunday in an ambush near Algiers, 
marking a sharp escalation of sec- 
tarian blood-letting by suspected Is- 
lamic extremists. 

Residents of the Bouinan region 

said thaf the aoailanK ma e hine - 

gunned the van in which the chil- 
dren, aged 12 to 15, were returning 
to their school in the town from a 
mountain outing. 

The Islamic Salvation Army 
began observing a cease-fire it de- 
clared Oct. 1 , but attacks character- 
istic of the rival Armed Islamic 
Group since then illustrated that Al- 
geria’s bloody insurgency is far 
from over. 

In Btida, a garrison town 30 miles 
(50 kilometers) south of Algiers, as- 
sailants attacked with homemade 
rockets and bombs, killing 10 people 
and wounding 20 on Friday, hospital 
sources and witnesses said. 

In Mahelma, a village outside Bl- 
ida. assailants slit the throats or cut 
off the heads of 26 adults and 12 
children in an attack Friday. 

In a similar massacre at the village 
of Ouied Benaissa, 50 kilometers 
south of Blida, armed men killed 37 
people — including 22 children. 

In Khairouba, a village near Oran 
350 kilometers west of Algiers, at- 
tackers broke up a Thursday night 
wedding, killing 20 people aged 15 
to 20 and wounding 30 others, a 
hospital source said. 

Indonesian Environment and. Forestry 
Ministry that much of the b urning, 
aimed at clearing land cheaply; is being 
done by companies that want to expand 
plantations of timber, palm oil. rubber 
and other commercial crops. 

“Hie blame must surely go to the 
logging and plantation companies which 
* callously burn in the name of profit,” 
The Nation newspaper in Thailand said. 
It added that Jakarta must also take re- 
sponsibility for “poor governance.” 

Many of these companies, analysts say, 
have close ties to Indonesia's govern- 
ment, bureaucracy and armed forces. In 
response to such allegations of collusion, 
the Indonesian Environment and Forestry 
Ministry said Friday it would revoke 151 

faded to meet a dcad^e^r^xmdingto 
charges dial they had breached a ban 
imposed by President Suharto last month 
on clearing land by fire. 

The companies were among 176 
placed under official investigation. Un- 
der the new law forbidding burning, the 
government can sentence offenders ro as 
much as 15 years in prison, close their 
commercial operations and seize their 
assets. The official Indonesian news 
agency, Antara, said penalties against 
the 29 companies would depend on the 
extent of their violations. It said other 
companies might be included as die of- 
ficial inquiry proceeded. 

The deputy prime minister of Malay- 
sia, Anwar Ibrahim, welcomed signs of a 
tougher approach by Indonesia. 

“I think there was a communication 
problem in the beginning.’’ he said, * ‘but 
the situation appears more positive now, 
and Indonesia appears to be taking good 

Mr. Yeo, the Singapore minister, said 
his country hoped dial Indonesia would 
take “very firm action” next year to 
“prevent big plantation owners from do- 

(AFP, AP) 

iira controlled burning” of die forests. 
“Hopefully, this way, we will not have a 
repeal in future years of the terrible haze 
we have been having this year, not just in 
Singapore but in the region,” he said. 

The result, analysts said, would be a 
litmus test of how well ASEAN mem- 
bers could wort: together. 

“If there is little or no progress, the 
haze pollution will continue, with the 
threat of returning in fiiture,” Simon 
Tay . who teaches international law at the 
National University of Singapore, said. 

“Such a scenario will strain ties and 
raise a cloud of doobt over the effec- 
tiveness of cooperation in ASEAN.” 

GERMANY: Fighting Crime N.Y.- Style? 

she was aware of no evidence of improper In her lette 

actions during the White House coffees, that the Justice 
Ms. Reno has been overseeing a evidence that 
justice Department inquiry to see to solicit cam 

anocraiic presidenL TV commentators to ask candidates to 

In her letter, Ms. Reno also reported . tie up bunches of cabbage for the cam- 

that the Justice Department had found no 
evidence that Mr. Clinton had attempted 
to solicit campaign contributions in ex- 

wheiher an independent counsel should change for political favors. 

be named to investigate allegations that 
Mr. Clinton improperly made fund-rais- 

She said she was aware of “no ev- 
idence whatsoever” of any “quid pro 

ing phone calls from die White House, quo exchange” of donations for official 
Her decision whether to expand that action. 

era, as one did, or to ask a candidate if his 
wife was his first love, mocks the office 
of die presidenL 

Many others agree that perhaps the 
media have gone too far, but the thinking 
generally is that the growing pains of a 
free press are easier on the public than 
expensive back-room politics. 

Continued from Page 1 

law (hat would give die police much 
greater power to question people on the 
street and gain access to people’s per- 
sonal data. Similar laws are already in 
force in Hamburg, Bavaria and Brand- 

“where a police law like that comes 
into force, people no longer live in a state 
governed by me constitution,” said an 
opponent, Hans Lisken, a constitutional 
expert who was once a senior police 

Not only thaL but the notion of high- 
profile policing in the New York mold 
has raised worries among some senior 
police officers that more intrusive poli- 
cing will create what Dieter Schenk, the 
head of Berlin's plainclothes police 
force, called an explosive situation 
among “the underclass and the ethnic 
minorities” most likely to affected by a 
“zero tolerance” onslaught. 

"Why didn’t we have these ideas 
much earlier?” Mr. Schenk wrote in an 
article published in the news magazine 
Der Spiegel, referring to the idea of 
cracking down on aggressive begging 
sidewalk drunkenness and other minor 
crimes, as suggested by Mr, Bratton. 
“The answer is simple: because it 
doesn't work as easily as ihai.” 

Mr. Schenk said the New York model 
put increasing pressure on individual 
police officers to "clean up’ * their cities, 
setting in motion a growing process of 
confrontation between the police and the 
public, which he blamed for allegations 
of widening police brutality in New 

“The latest repents from New York of 
police excesses and growing protests 
confirm that this process of escalation 
has broken out mightily," he wrote. 

By New York’s standards, the levels 

of crime in Germany seem modest 

The murder rate in Berlin last year 
was 8.8 per 100,000 residents — Ger- 
many’s highest — compared with New 
York's 13.4. 

The 350 robberies per 100,000 res- 
idents in Hamburg — also a German 
record — compared with 588 in New 
York. Rape in Germany was at its 
highest in Munich, with 16.3 per 
100,000, compared with 29 per 1 00.000 
in New York. 

But for many Germans, the most 
telling comparison is not with a distant 
city across the Atlantic, but with the days 
before reunification, when the East Ger- 
man police state kept crime to a min- 
imum and West German prosperity 
offered far greater security and far more 

“After reunification and the opening 
of the borders there was a significant 
increase in crime," said Claus Henning 
Schapper. a senior official in the Lower 
Saxony state Interior Ministry in Han- 

He said in a telephone interview that 
the authorities there had decided on 
more aggressive policing, with 200 more 
officers on foot patrol and an end to 
tolerating what he termed “bagatelle 

He said groups of Albanians and Ro- 
manians were responsible for break-ins, 
an organized market in stolen cars 
destined for Poland and Russia and a 
surge in organized crime. 

Even though statistics show that or- 
ganized crime peaked in 1993. “people 
believe our towns are no longer safe. 
Mr. Schapper said. 

“The worst increase is in crime by 

only get rid of this kind of crui 
giving people jobs and training-” 



M Q 


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years old minimum, b+cubural if possible, graduate, you will have large experience in supervision and exporting in heavy industry, 
capital-goods, or engineering. Fluency in English and if possible □ second language is mandatory. 




Please sendfyour CV with a covering letter in French and/or English and current salary, 
quoting reference GECTR-/AAark.lnLAsie/46HT to our advising Consultant : Richard Benatoufl - GROUPE BBC 
Hsis place de Valois ■ 75001 Peris- Franca. Fax : +33 '0' 1 42 60 38 95. All applications will be treated in the strictest confidence. 



We are a privately held US. corporation headquartered near 
Chicago, Illinois with forty-three food processing operations 
throughout the world. Due ro the rapid expansion of our 
international markets, we have a rewarding opportunity for a 
General Manager ro join our Beijing joint venture. 

As an accomplished Manager experienced with Chinese 
business, you will have responsibility for operations, as well as 
pro lit and loss. As team leader, you have an opportunity to 
coach and develop your group to implement corporate 
initiatives. After orientation to our organization, you will 
serve as our key contact in the development are] management 
of business operations in China. 

We seek a degreed individual with a minimum of ten years 
experience m a western manufacturing environment, 
a strong financial background and familiarity with Chinese 
business culture. For immediate consideration, please send a 
resume and salary history m confidence to: 

F.O. Box 2018 

Aurora, Illin ois 60507-2018 


Equal Opportunity Employer 


QUINTEK SYSTEMS are a Systems House special ising in the implementation of 
computer based EPOS solutions to die retail and leisure sector. 

Continued expansion has lead to the opportunity for the position of 

implementation « EPOS and EROS systems Ihroughotf the U K 
project planning and control 
dienl management 
project profitability 

Candidates must be experienced in large scale EPOS implementations and have 
first class communications skills. The successful applicant will be expected to 
conduct presentations and training courses as well as manage pre and post 
art issues. Technical experience in OS/2, Windows NT, SQL, 
CP/IP and ISON is also a pre requisite. 

Salary to £30,000 m. plus benefits package. 

P/ease apply in writing with full career details to: 

Helen Malian, Systems Director, 

Systems Ltd, Graphic 

with full career details ta- 
rns Director, 

?g5j3S&» Q u'*nKK 

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Executive Positions Available 



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dso required for the above p ostern: 

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' Eastern Engfeti sw ‘ Conptttr Ber- 
ate 1 References reqtired Fat yourC.V. 

to +966 2 663 1209 or mat ter. 
Quote Bie posttn toe applet to 

nas rtfepzn looting tar Engtet nub 
er tongue fownaHtf to etui texts and 
manage wrters. Knwtadne of coqutar 
business, mnazhe production or ten- 
on Ms (German 8 Frendt) a plus. 
Please send CV and sample d work te 
Einpean Saras and News, 18 Boter- 
straat, 3098 Tenruren Belgium, anal: 
100015 t5tOtwi)us8Wcom 

BUNGUAL EXPERTS needed, educated 
8 Experienced in Rnancial markets to 
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resurttisalary requkBtafc to TECTRAD 
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mats experience, fluent FtoncNEmflah/ 
German, hrgh tech Mr. Samatars A 
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Executives Available 

FRStCHMAN, 33, axmetctal exeotire 
in foodstuffs busin8«, Buart Engitii & 
GanBn.iome Spankh. S ys.h Geonany 
& 2 yrs. kt France as export manager. 
Warnt Brat manager no in Ito bod 
Industry. Ti Paris +33 (0)1 42 08 30 75 

50 YRS EXECUTIVE 12 yrs knowledge 
In drecl seMng in several counties, 
loafs for new tote, qtdek h to iptofe 
BJdng teamwork, crettre. Tet +49 (0) 
9171 &0G Fac +49 (Q 6171 580432. 



• Leam French in one of Europe's 
most spectacular cities 
• Bordeaux Wine Courses! 

1 Coots G. Clemen ceau, 

33000 Bordeaux ■ France. 


TdL G315S6 51 00 76 Fax (3SS 56 51 75 15 

Secretaire de Direction Ressources Humaines 


nous sotnmas 
organises par 
branches d' oerfvH A. 
Notre branche 
depend de la 
Direction Generate 
Internationale basee 
en Angfeterre. 

■ Au sein d'une Direction Internationale Ressources Humaines, vous ossurez 
('administration du service pour le sufvi des effectifs avec les eludes des 
sdoires, fterolulion de la masse sola ride, la base de donnAes de la geslion 
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prAoses. Ropide, vous vous organise? avec mtehode en suivant les dfetdls et 
etes reactive face oux situations d'urgence- 

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Merci d'odresser votre dossier complef avec photo et rem s/re f. HTK/495A, d 
PEREIRE GONSBL 62/64 bd Pfermre. 75017 Paris. 

^pereerje cxjnseil 


International Advertising Agency based in Paris seeks 

(English mother tongue) 
for Administrative and Financial Director 
MDunum 5 raw esperiaxs prefoaHi - in a coreulting firm (audit, legaL manageanttl 
Indntkn w mwnafkrtal mrtactfc mature, tfisiwt and used to wrrio^wiBi numbers. 
Crenpater Jdb (\Vwd b ■ Excd 5 an PQ. 

. Send hand written letter with CV& photo to Box 418 
m. 92521 Neuflly c«iex France 

for Busbto! Opportunities. 
Franchise*, lanamorrial Real Estate. 
Ti l eco— lucHon. Automotive 
and Entgrtairuoeni. 

To sifmtiw contort Sarah Werahof 
on +UI71 120 0326 
or fs-\ +-M 171 120 0333 


Fluent in English and French vvitli very good 
knowledge of word processing - For temporary' 
and permanent positions in Paris. 



COME AND SEE US! 12 rue de la Paix. 
/5Q02 Paris (Metro Opera). Tel.: 01 42 61 16 16 

Bilingual English-French 

American or English mother tongue, yuu ha\-e an excellent French and 
over 3 years of successful, high - leva MXTcturul experience. You are 
computer literate iWord 6. fciwcrpoim, Excd You will asstst one of 
the Directors of a well-known iniemational company in hi* daily 
ro minct dal dealings ihroughoui the world, pamculiry iilh the LISA. 
The job is based in Paris. 

Please address, under reference S3, a hand-written letrcr and CV to our 
cnun+el, which wi|] treat vour candidacy confidentially. 

fui X VUIIiH.ll 

j Ris imuwa. nera rwus 

ENGU8HMAN &mg in Pats area, 58, 
Bum French, sx-tneto of French ccr> 
par* to 18 yn, aspatera In ooort and 
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+33K91 an <574 BSpmWdak 

HOTEL DIRECTOR saatts to manage 

upscale Euro HoteVCtatau/Uanor 
House, m optlrrte youth «(h 
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Amahcat chrtsie. WMd aha team-us 
nidi Rtanaoteg-ovner. US/Fiwdi 

consultfrq, general rmageeM am 
finance industry experience, fluent 
French, conyxier Reate, top US IffiA, 
seeks mm ohatange. TeL Paris +33 
K91 45837411 Fas +33 fOp 45052S2S 

General Positions Available 



Sales Coordinators 

Meaty you ate: 

Betoeen 23 and 30 years oh 
Prapeted to total 11 maNv a 
year to iftrart coutotg to 
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of EngU wlfh a good knmtodga 
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photo to Bn 421, LRT, 
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smail: hosta £ vvcrldcom ch 



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Send CV + photo under 
nfmn miter GH7BS2 to: 
NGC, H me Dostoanrih 
75D18 PARS, eta toUfonsml 

LLS. L» Finn seeks 
tfntami 2 years Kperfcnce. 
Rsq^ed: BSnguad Engto+Frerch, 
coporato reprrtru experience, 
nputer stab. Frenrti mtioq pent 

computet shfc. 

Plena fra mine to: PAfflS +33 
(B)1 12 a 56 36 ureter rafareoM NOR. 

'PertBCriy WSnguBl [Engfcft-Ffwich} 
Engiai momer tonm UHtow 

Vafld waking papets rntied. 
LagN badnouid p a nai te 
Cal +33 KM 46 61 51 88, dwtog tike 
taus or fto CV: +33 (91 45 61 51 99. 

General Positions Wanted 

ENOJSH MmiCTOR, eRMrieved it 
Aria, knottedoe ti German. BA Pcfe 
cal Science. ITS. Army vatem Abo ex- 
tensive oforitnee as a sanity officer. 
Avatebla to assignment workhrida, 
■leacMng, Itriortog, security or oilier. 
R. Dartng. Teh 732-774-6SS Fax: 
732531-2^0 USA 

ASSISTANT DHECTOR (French, 44 yrs. 
old), 20 nsstoerienca, speaks BnHi/ 
Chbesa. seeb pcoton T5T+33 m 1 1 
X 11 15 (s reworig matiime) 

BA to Ttoratokn / BEP In Secrtistel 
Science, mother longues Engfish / 
Fresh. Canatian seats wok. Bra 422. 
LH.T, 82521 Neuiy Codas, France. 

X SA Roto Fentiy b NYC ttflB-11. CV 
appotoneres Tit 91+4823260. 

Secretarial Positions Available 

Educational Positions Available 


to Bustoess People 
Dynamic. Rienty fetal 
hnovaHvB reading Methods. 
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Contooirdee Lngi»(IH) 45 51 53 58 

rise 2 year old h dally rourne. lake 
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necessary. Healthy, cheerful, pattern. 
Must love cMdren. Under 50 Able to 
Havel when reqiaed. Fluent Enghsft a 
mush knowledge si Mandarin, music or 
an preferred but not necessary Can#- 
dates should submB aHticaan tot hi 
resume, recent photo & salary ejected 
Fee (8521 2946-1228 tan. Agnes Tng. 

Is neMrg htyty quaBad nates EntiHi 
speaking Gomnass to TEACH AND 
SUPBrelSE ttioou ti 3 young cltiOen 
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importance. Only lop fevei references wi 
be cunskteied Fri time posion. Reply 
to 9os 4® , I iff, 181 ave Claries de 
Gatifr82521 Nauty ah, Fiance 

seeks Engfeh language miners, with 
teadting'bijstmss experisnea 10 to 25 
ho as/ w eek A meja French companies, 
(torch warring papers 8 car required. 
Fax resume Paris +33 [0)UQ 7i 53 46 

WANTS) TEACHERS. Part-time to 
business En^sh, prater American Btev 
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Bosnia and NATO 

Iranian Wedge Between America and France 

Those who find it hard to follow the 
intricacies of NATO expansion and 
peace in Bosnia will be glad to know 
that these two preoccupations of U.S. 
foreign policy are about to be welded 
together to form an even more com- 
plicated mosaic. By chance and cir- 
cumstance. NATO’s plan to expand 
eastward may well rise or fall on de- 
velopments in Bosnia over the next 
nine months. No one in Washington 
planned it this way. and most sup- 
porters of NATO expansion wish it 
were otherwise, because Bosnia is the 
issue that could most easily upend the 
agreement to add three new NATO 
members in 1999. Poland. Hungary 
and the Czech Republic. Bui the 1998 
calendar makes a convergence of the 
two mutters inevitable. 

The Senate, which must approve the 
NATO plan by a two-thirds majority 
for expansion to go forward, will begin 
consideration of the idea this Tuesday 
when the Foreign Relations Committee 
opens hearings. Eventually a resolution 
of ratification will go to the Senate for 
debate and a vote. To minimize elec- 
tion-year complications. Senate lead- 
ers hope to vote by next spring. 

Coincidentally. June 1998 is the 
date President Bill Clinton set for the 
withdrawal of American troops from 
Bosnia. Although he now seems in- 
clined to exiendtiie deadline, Bosnia is 
sure to be a divisive issue in the Senate 
next spring, just as the NATO ex- 
pansion plan moves into the most crit- 
ical phase of consideration. The jux- 
taposition could prove deadly to 
NATO expansion. 

NATO forces, for one thing, are 
keeping the peace in Bosnia, and their 
role there is often cited as a model for 
the kind of joint military operations 
that an expanded NATO might provide 
in Europe. That view could change if 
Bosnia remains unstable and essen- 
tially ungovernable as die June with- 
drawal date nears. Bosnia will cer- 
tainly poison NATO's plans if 
American soldiers start returning 
home in body bags. Hie Senate, for all 
its self-congratulation about high- 
minded debate, is a high-strung polit- 
ical body that will bolt from NATO 
expansion if voters begin to rebel. 

Bosnia is a laboratory for cooper- 
ation between NATO and Russia, with 
a small contingent of Russian forces 
working alongside American troops. 
Any rupture in the relationship in Bos- 
nia would undercut the notion that 
NATO and Russia can work together 
smoothly as NATO moves into Eastern 
Europe. Indeed, Russian acquiescence 
to NATO enlargement would likely be 
endangered by a flare-up over NATO's 
role in Bosnia. 

Bosnia is also an indirect testing 
ground for the financial cost of NATO 
expansion. Even senators who support 
expansion are wary about the uncertain 
expense of adding new members. With 
estimates for Washington's bill vary- 
ing widely, some senators point to the 
actual cost of the Bosnia mission as a 
barometer of administration reliability 
in projecting NATO expenditures. An 
operation that the administration once 
predicted would cost the Pentagon 
S2.5 billion is now expected to cost at 
least $6.5 billion. 

There is talk of truncating Senate 
consideration of NATO expansion to 
get it out of the way before Washington 
engages in a rancorous debate about 
whether to extend NATO peacekeep- 
ing in Bosnia. That would be a terrible 
mistake. The issues swirling around 
NATO expansion are complex and im- 
portant Redrawing the map of Europe 
is not something to be finessed. 

Nor should America's Bosnia 
policy be warped by the potential con- 
sequences for NATO expansion. As 
the two matters merge, the White 
House will be tempted to try to keep 
Bosnia off the television news. That 
means keeping the NATO forces in 
Bosnia close to their barracks and pa- 
pering over problems rather than mak- 
ing a concerted effort to create a viable 
multiethnic state. 

Bosnia and NATO expansion are 
pieces of the same puzzle. The White 
House and the Senate should not be 
afraid to place them on the table at the 
same time. The politicians may not like 
what they see, but it will be a more 
honest picture than trying to isolate the 
pieces or, worse, maneuvering io keep 
them out of sight. 


Put Pressure on Kabila 

President Laurent Kabila's refusal to 
permit a UN team to investigate al- 
leged massacres of refugees in Congo 
has presented the United Nations, the 
United States and others with a new 
danger. Congo should not be isolated 
under its new leadership, with its 
people continuing to languish as they 
did under Mr. Kabila's predecessor, 
longtime dictator Mobutu Sese Seko. 
But the United Nations, the World 
Bank and developed nations must, 
make dear, in unison, that Mr. Kabila 
cannot expect the aid and trade his 
country needs as long as he stonewalls 
on these terrible massacre issues. 

Last May Mr. Kabila and his troops 
completed an astonishingly swift 
march across Zaire, as the country was 
then known, and toppled the corrupt 
and rotting dictatorship of Mr. Mo- 
butu. who has since died. Most of the 
world's leaders welcomed Mr. Kab- 
ila's success, grudgingly at first and 
then more effusively once his victory 
appeared inevitable. Much help was 
promised for the rebuilding of Congo, 
which is rich in natural resources but 
poor by almost every other measure. 

But much alarm also was expressed 
at well-documented reports of ethnic- 
ally generated massacres that had 
taken place during Mr. Kabila's cam- 
paign. Aid would depend on the new 
government's cooperation with inves- 
tigations and humanitarian missions to 
remaining refugees, thought to number 
200.1 HX) or more. 

Since then, however, the United Na- 
tions has met with nothing but 
obstacles. Secretary -General Kofi An- 
nan has gone a long way to accom- 
modate Mr. Kabila's concerns — too 
long, in the view of some critics. The 
United Nations replaced the leader of 
its human rights mission at Mr. Kab- 
ila's insistence, and broadened the mis- 
sion's mandate to include alleged 
crimes by Mr. Kabila's vanquished foes 
as well as by his own troops. Yet even 
so. Mr. Kabila has kept the team bottled 
up in the capital — while evidence is 
reportedly erased. He now threatens to 
expel the UN team altogether. 

Apart front his troops’ alleged com- 
plicity in the massacres. Mr. Kabila has 
some understandable reasons to stiff 
the international community. The 

world's rich countries ignored him and 
propped up Mr. Mobutu all these years, 
he may well feel: why should he play 
ball now? In addition, Congo’s new 
president can be seen as one of a new, 
post-postcolonial generation of Afri- 
can leaders who are determined to es- 
tablish true independence. The heads 
of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Uganda and 
Rwanda likewise see that dependence 
on foreign aid has got their countries 
nowhere, and they want to be more 
self-supporting. It is a trend chat should 
be welcomed, one that offers real hope 
for long-postponed development in 
central ana southern Africa. 

StilL, all these countries remain poor 
and dependent on outside help — if not 
traditional foreign aid. then invest- 
ment. debt forgiveness and trade. The 
United Nations, the World Bank and 
major donor nations need to work to- 
gether to convince Mr. Kabila that he 
will not get such help if he does not 
cooperate on human rights and hu- 
manitarian aid. But, as Oxfam Inter- 
national points out in a new report, that 
kind of threat will not mean a thing 
unless the donors also are prepared to 
offer substantial aid and incentives. If 
Mr. Kabila insists on isolating Congo, 
no one can stop him, but a united 
international community can make it 
very, very tough for him to do so. 

— the Washington post 

Other Comment 

Cleaning Up the Market 

In the aftermath of the haze. South- 
east Asians will rightly demand clean- 
er air and water. All human action 
produces waste, notwithstanding all 
the glorification of the "environment- 
ally friendly’’ practices of tribal 
peoples. If industries produce more 
waste, it is because of their scale. But 
even this can be managed if the focus is 
squarely on reducing pollutants — and 
if the actions taken are not simply 
disguised attacks on businesses for be- 
ing businesses. There is no reason that 
the market should be incompatible 
with a healthy environment. 

— Far Eastern Economic Review 
f Hong Kong). 

— r* imikmthiwi.*** * * 

iicralo ^y^ fcnbitnc 



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W ASHINGTON — The great 
streams of international com- 
merce flowing from growth and glob- 
alization keep exposing the United 
States to a political trap. The latest is 
the dispute over France’s determina- 
tion to support a S2 billion private 
natural gas investment in Iran — a deal 
that the United Stares had denied to an 
American company, Conoco, out of 
concern for the ayatollahs’ rule-break- 
ing foreign policy. Washington takes 
the high ground, Paris rakes in the 
chips. Tehran grins. 

Not that the French and their Russian 
and Malaysian partners in this deal, and 
the makers of other deals in other 
miscreant states, are entirely indiffer- 
ent to the obligations of international 
citizenship. But they are only select- 
ively attentive. United Nations sanc- 
tions hold on Iraq. Thus Iran, which 
only Washington has sanctioned, be- 
comes in dollar potential the largest 
single economic wedge between the 
United. States and its allies. 

A wedge between America and 
France is not about to lead to the whole 
unraveling of an ancient and durable 
friendship. But it colors the climate in 
which other issues are treated. Most 
important, it undercuts American efforts 
to address Iran's serious and continuing 

By Stephen S. Rosenfeld 

misconduct — hs support of terrorism 
and subversion and its harassment of 
Arab-Israeli peace prospects. 

France, with its air of nationalistic 
taunting of the United States, is an easy 
and tempting target for American re- 
buke. what is especially troubling 
these days, however, is a drift of Amer- 
ican opinion suggesting that the United 
States should accommodate the rev- 
olutionary regime in Tehran — early 
and with few conditions. 

The drift comes from country spe- 
cialists who are expens on Iran and 
from strategic thinkers who are eyeing 
the new “great game” shaping up over 
energy resources and strategic pres- 
ence in post-Cold War Central Asia. To 
these folks a promising new day was 
foreshadowed by last May's election 
victory of Mohammed Khatami, who. 
according to Robin Wright and Shaui 
Bakhash in Foreign Policy magazine, 
campaigned on a platform stressing 
pluralism and the rule of law. 

Those who saw the Khatami sweep 
as opening a window of opportunity 1 
were further encouraged when the 
Clinton administration said it would 
not oppose a new natural gas pipeline 

that is to cross Iran from Turkmenistan 
to Turkey. 

In facL what is missing from the 
more sanguine American projections is 
a coming to terms with die ayatollahs, 
who outrank Mr. Khatami and wbo 
appear to command the ramparts of 
Iranian foreign policy. 

It is true that many Americans retain a 
bitter memory of Iran’s capture of the 
U.S. Embassy in Tehran in 1979. But the 
bombings in Europe and elsewhere 
abroad, subversion in the Gulf region 
and Sudan, attempts to sabotage Pal- 
estinian- Arab talks, death threats against 
Salman Rushdie — these concrete deeds 
continue. Last year's Khobar bombing 
in Saudi Arabia, which took 19 Amer- 
ican lives, also apparently must go on 
the Iranian account. 

Iran, it is pointed out. has its own 
perhaps even more deeply felt histor- 
ical grievance against the United States 
— the American CIA intervention of 
the 1950s that deposed a popularly 
elected leader, saved the then young 
shah and subsequently brought Amer- 
ica the “great Satan” tag. 

To cite this now unimaginable Cold 
War episode is not to excuse the Iranian 
regime’s misconduct in more recent 
years. We are all necessarily living now 
by the code of 1997, not 1954. 

At some point America may be led to 
review its own historical record in deal- 
ing with Iran. That will take a complex 
political transaction whose elements 
arc not yet in place. In the meantime, 
there caii be no compromising with an 
Iranian foreign policy that undercuts the 
post-Cold War code of respect for the 
legitimate and fair interests of others. 

On the evidence. Iran's foreign 
policy is likely to be among life last 
things (hat a reforming Tehran lead- 
ership would touch. Argument goes on 
over whether foreign policy reform m 
Iran will get a boost from international 
interaction, domestic reform, social 
change, revolutionary fatigue, leader- 
ship turnover or whatever. The best 
answer is perhaps all oF the above but 
variously and slowly. 

The offering or denying of the mani- 
fest benefits of participation in the in- 
ternational economy promises loo 
much potential leverage not to be in- 
telligent iy used. That should be the cen- 
tral consideration in the bargaining with 
France and others over common terms 
of trade with revolutionary regimes. 

France should be strengthening, not 
weakening, a standard of law-respect- 
ing international conduct that serves all 
nations well. 

The n\ahmjtf"> Post 

Why Invest in Companies That Violate American Law? 

P ARIS — President Jacques 
Chirac met with President 
Boris Yeltsin in Moscow to 
cook up an Iranian natural gas 
deal that wpuld enrich their 
business interests, gain a dip- 
lomatic foothold in the Gulf by 
helping terrorists obtain mis- 
siles, and distract their restive 
unemployed by sticking a 
thumb in the U.S. eye. 

When Vice President A1 
Gore tried to brief his coun- 
terpart, Prime Minister Viktor 
Chernomyrdin, on solid U.S. 
intelligence that Russian sci- 
entists were secretly helping 
the terrorist state of Iran build a 
2, 000-kilometer missile that 
would hold hostage the pop- 
ulations of Tel Aviv, Ankara 
and Riyadh, the American was 
tartly rebuffed. 

Then Boris and Jacques 
sprang their surprise: a $2 bil- 
lion deal undercutting U.S. at- 
tempts to hold back me spread 
of nuclear missiles. They ac- 
companied this with dire warn- 
ings that America had better 
not enforce its laws against 

By William S afire , 

companies that do business 
with rogue states. 

By what right, they deman- 
ded, could the United States 
penalize European companies 
that flouted U.S. law? Thai was 
4 ‘extrateniioriaL ” 

The new U.S. ambassador to 
France, Felix Rohatyn, dared to 
point out that the recent demand 
by die European Union that 
Boeing break its deals with U.S. 
airlines was ‘ “extraterritorial,'' 
too. But such tortious interfer- 
ence was OJC. with Europe 
when directed at America. 

How will the Clinton ad- 
ministration respond to this 
thumb in its eye and setback to 
its dual containment of Iran 
and Iraq — a sensible, tough- 
minded strategy that could 
save tens of milli ons of lives? 
In matters Russian, doughty 
Secretary of State Madeleine 
Albright is manipulated by her 
doughy deputy, Strobe Talbott. 
Figure Bill Clinton to settle for 
gentle finger-wagging at Iran. 

This will win the applause of 
the blame-America-firsr, busi- 
ness-is-business, forgei-hu- 
man-righrs lobby such as is 
centered in Washington's Nix- 
on Center for Peace Through 

James Schlesinger, Jimmy 
Carter’s energy secretary, leads 
its business-i s-business charge. 
Maurice Greenberg, whose in- 
surance companies make huge 
profits in China and who is an 
acolyte of Singapore’s Lee 
Kuan Yew, wields die back- 
stairs influence with die for- 
eign policy establishment. 

Here is evidence of that in- 
fluence. Mr. Greenberg, Chi- 
na's insurance broker, hired 
Rank Wisner. the disappoint- 
ed seeker of the Paris embassy 
post, to be his vice chaizman. 
And whom do you suppose 
Clinton-Gore just chose to 
“investigate” the Russian sci- 
entists' aid to Iran's missile- 
builders? Mr. Wisner, along 
with Yuri Koptev, a Russian 

bureaucrat. That will be some 

Mr. Clinton is actually try- 
ing to balance cordial relations 
with cocky Boris and Jacques 
against the safety of Israel. Tur- 
key. Egypt and Saudi Arabia. 
But muddling through won’r 
do; backbone is required. 

Beyond urging Mr. Clinton 
to enforce the law, what can 
Congress do? Do not overlook 
the power of public oversight. 

Just before Russia’s Gaz- 
prom (which enriches the 
Chernomyrdin family) and 
France's Total made their 52 
billion deal with Iran, Total 
limited its exposure to U.S. re- 
taliati on by selling its 1.600 
gas stations to Ultramar Dia- 
mond Shamrock of San Ant- 
onio, Texas, taking back an 8 
percent stake in that company. 

Perhaps Congress’s banking 
committees can bring in Joe 
Kerry of Merrill Lynch, who 
doesn't return my calls, and 
Total's deal maker at First 
Boston and ask them publicly 
if they knew of the Iran deal 

beforehand. Roger Hemming- 
haus. the CEO of Diamond 
Shamrock, which provided the 
cover for Total's maneuver, 
tells me he hud “no know- 
ledge. to my knowledge” of 
die impending huge Iran deal. 

A consumer boycott may be 
difficult against on ail com- 
pany. as (he sly French knew, 
but the average person with 
mutual funds can legitimately 
ask. what institutions hold big 
chunks of Total's American 
front-company stock. 

According to Bloomberg 
News, the biggest are Brinson 
Partners, Equitable's Alliance 
Capital Management. Wel- 
lington Management, and Cap- 
ital Research and ..Manage- 
ment. Divestiture is always 
an option. 

And then, while we’re at it. 
let's find out which mutual 
funds have how many billions 
of private American money in 
Gazprom. They took a risk- Ac- 
tions have consequences. As 
they say, business is business. 

The Sex r York Times 

Prospering Poles Look Back at the Past and Vote Accordingly 

W ARSAW — Ten years 
ago, when I worked as a 
correspondent in Warsaw, my 
friends included an unem- 
ployed poet and a struggling 
psychologist, a banned journa- 
list and a frustrated physicist. 
None was willing to cooperate 
with the Communist Party or its 
bankrupt economic system, and 
□one seemed to have any pros- 
pect of a conventional career. 

The psychologist supported 
his family by slipping into Nor- 
way every summer on a tourist 
visa and working as a minim- 
um-wage pest exterminator. 

Today those friends live the 
kind of lives that university- 
educated professionals in the 
West usually take for granted. 

tor Jacek Michaiowski is direc- 
tor of the research office of the 

By Jackson Diehl 

This is the first of two articles. 

Polish Parliament. Once-banned 
journalist Andrzej Krajewski oc- 
cupies a plus b office as editor-in- 
chief of Poland’s Reader’s Di- 
gest The poet was recently 
named as one of the top ad- 
vertising copywriters in Poland. 

The physicist has become a 
business executive. He and his 
wife live in an exquisitely dec- 
orated four-bedroom town 
house, drive two Western cars 
and send their children to a new 
semi-private school. 

When these Poles talk about 
their children, it is to marvel that 
they find their parents’ trans- 
formed lives so utterly unre- 
markable, so like tiie middle- 
class norm they see portrayed on 
Western television programs. 

What is astounding to a Pol- 
ish teenager is not the trappings 
of the new economy, from mi- 
crowaves to McDonald's. It is 
the notion that the bizarre by- 
gone era of ration coupons, pro- 
paganda and police informers 
could ever have existed. 

The children are right, of 
course. This is what Poland, a 
European nation with a vibrant 
Western culture, should have 
been like all along. 

And yet. the key foot of pol- 
itics in* this post-Communist 
country is that even the new 
professionals, who have gained 
the most from the return to capi- 
talism and democracy, are 
moved less by their bright fu- 
tures than by the past. 

No, Conservatism Is Winning 

Bv Charles Krauthammer 

international conserva- 
tive conference held in Wash- 
ington late last mouth featured 
not just the usual high-level 
debate that confirms conser- 
vatives as the party of ideas, 
but more gloom and doom 
than you'll find in a global 
warming conclave. 

The first morning was de- 
voted to "Why Conservatism 
is Failing,” followed by 
“Diagnosis of Defeat” My 
panel was entitled “Need 
Conservatism Crack Up?” 

The answer, of course, is 
“no.” Conservatism is not 
failing. It is actually winning. 
Leave aside for a moment the 
epochal victory in the Cold 
War that has assured the 
worldwide ascendancy of 
democratic capitalism. Con- 
sider just the domestic scene in 
America this past year alone. 

The 60-year-old entitle- 
ment to welfare has been abol- 
ished. The most populous state 
in the union has outlawed af- 
firmative action. Perhaps most 
important the courts have up- 
held tills remarkable conser- 
vative counterrevolution. 

One reason why conserva- 
tives believe they are failing is 
that they see in Britain and 
France and the Uoited States 
conservative governments be- 
ing replaced by nonconserva- 
tive ones. 

But it is simpleminded in 
the extreme to measure the 

success of a movement by the 
fortunes of certain politicians, 
such as George Bush and Bob 
Dole and John Major. 

Loss of the executive 
branch does not mean failure. 
Indeed, in the United States 
major conservative victories 
have been won under a Demo- 
cratic president — in feet, they 
could only have occurred un- 
der a Democratic president. 
Both free trade (NAFTA and 
GATT) and welfare reform 
could probably only have 
been passed as the acts of a 
Democratic president 

The fact that both in Britain 
and in the United States the 
liberal party has shed its lib- 
eralism in order to win elec- 
toral office is a gain for con- 
servatism. Bill Clinton and 
Tony Blair’s ideological pla- 
giarism is not just the tribute 
political vice pays to virtue. It 
is an excellent way to con- 
solidate conservative gains. 

It took a Clinton, for ex- 
ample, to make the balanced 
budget a bipartisan national 
issue. And it takes a Blair to 
legitimize for all the Thatcher- 
ite revolution. 

So where is conservatism 
failing? There is frustration in 
the r anks that, the -first con- 
servative Congress in 40 years 
failed between January 1995 
' and today to undo 60 years' 
growth of the welfare stare. 
But there is a difference be- 
tween frustration and failure. 

The expectations that were 
frustrated were wildly unreal- 
istic to begin with. First, be- 
cause conservatives did nor 
control all branches of gov- 
ernment. You do not, in the 
American system, ran a rev- 
olution our of the House of 
Representatives. Second, be- 
cause the elite media were 
quite hostile both to the Re- 
publican Congress and to its 

And third because the 
American people are simply 
not in a revolutionary mood. 
And why should they be? This 
is an era of profound political 
and social quietude. We've 
earned it. Sixty years of up- 
heaval, of fighting mortal glob- 
al enemies, is quite enough. 

Even in the midst of this 
quietude, we have just wit- 
nessed the end of the welfare 
entitlement and the beginning 
of the end of racial and ethnic 

Hie diagnosis for the mal- 
aise that grips conservatism 
today is obvious: postpartum 
depression. We've had our 
splendid baby: an ast onish ing, 
world-historical victory over 
the Evil Empire, and universal 
acceptance of the free market 
system. And now that it is over, 
we cannot abide the letdown. 

We are living in the safe, 
normal, humdrum, bourgeois, 
unheroic, postwar world, and 
we’re asking: Is that all there 
is? Cheer ap, comrades. 
That’s what we fought for. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 

They thrive in a booming 
economy, yet speak bitterly of 
the “Communists’’ (now called 
Social Democrats) who have 
managed the miracle for the 
past four years. They count on 
Poland's admission by the turn 
of the century into NATO and 
the European Union, yet are 
even more eager for their Par- 
liament to take up “lustration” 
— the exposure and sanction of 
those who once worked for the 
Communist secret police. 

Two weeks ago, when Po- 
land held its third free elections 
for Parliament in this decade, 
not a few of my friends found 
themselves voting for the major 
party that most resents their 
success — and most resists fur- 
ther modernization of the eco- 
nomy and political Ufe. 

“I know it’s not in my own 
best interest,'’ said one newly 
minted banker, but he was go- 
ing to vote that way anyway. 
Why? The party is called Soli- 
darity. and so bears the banner 
of the mass .movement that 
broke Communist rule here in 
the 1980s. 

In fact. Solidarity is not what 
it was a decade ago, any more 
than are the Communists, and 
the issues that the country faces 
today are utterly different. 

As in most of Europe, the 
dominant question now con- 
fronting Poland is bow much to 
open its economy to the new 
world order of global trade, and 
how much of its sovereignty 
and cultural identity to sacrifice 

for the sake of integration with a 
larger European Union. 

La that debate, the party now 
called Solidarity Electoral Ac- 
tion (AWS», which finished 
first in the SepL 2 1 election with 
33 percent of the vote, repre- 
sents a conservative, even re- 
actionary, point of view. Its 
leader is an outspoken nation- 
alist who would like to prop up 
ailing state-owned shipyards 
and steel mills, save inefficient 
small farms and blur the dis- 
tinction between the Polish 
government and the country's 
Roman Catholic Church. 

The former Communists, in 
contrast, now profess eagerness 
to make Poland into a secular, 
urbanized European Union 
member — the kind of country _ 
where educated professionals, as _ 
well as pragmatic ex-Commu- 
nisr technocrats, can flourish. - 

In most European countries*! 
as in the United States, such prdH 
modernization politics are-oosU 
sistemly winning the electing 
of the 1990s. But m Poland, asqS 
Hungary and other former Easfl 
bloc states, the conflict 29 
clouded by history, by what thd| 
journalist Konstanty Gebern 
calls “biographical politics.” 1 
Urban professionals vote for the 
reactionary opposition, because 
of what it did 10 years ago. 

The writer, now The Wash- 
ington Post's assistant man- 
aging ediror for foreign news, 
was the paper's Warsaw bureau 
chief from 1985 to 1989. 



1897: Silverites* Man 

LONDON — The Times, on the 
election of the Mayor of New 
York, says : “It is matter for 
alarm that there should be a pos- 
sibility of seeing Mr. George at 
fee head of fee government of a 
ciiy wife an annual budget of 
some millions sterling. He is the 
nominee of fee Silverites, and, 
he can be returned only by win- 
ning the support of some of the 
dangerous classes in New York, 
including people who would nor 
stop at a point which Mr. George 
himself deems expedient in the 
war against property.’’ 

1922: Theatre Strike 

VIENNA ■— A novel kind of 
strike surprised theatre-goers, 
when fee musicians at the 
Theatre an der Wien, where 
“Frasquita,” Lehajr’s latest 
operetta, is personally conduc- 
ted by the composer every 
night, suddenly began to play 

exactly fee opposite of what fee 
orchestra leader wanted. This 
was a demonstration to force 
the management to make new 
advances in wages. 

1947: Physicist Dies 

PARIS — Professor Max 
Planck, whose discovery of 
quanta in 1 900 opened up a new 
era in physical research and laid 
the foundations of all that the 
world has learned about fee 
atom since, died in Goettingen. 
Germany. He was eighty-nine 
years old. Professor Planck, who 
was awarded the Nobel Prize for 
Physics in 1918 for his work on 
fee quantum theory, was con- 
sidered by scientists as fee ‘ga- 
ther' ’ of nuclear physics. Plan® 
made fee discovery dud W* , 
action in the realm of 
timate constituents of matter 
was not continuous, as science 
had assumed for 300 yj^ts* 
took place in "jumps, wlucn 
he called quanta of action. 


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K m . 

u. ; 

' — ^ 



r *•’ 

1 T' 


4 ***41 




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ran i 

tw+i*-. - 

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5.. .&*•«■ 




As Princess Is Married, 
A Nod to All of Spain 

Languages Galore in Cristina’s Wedding 

By Laurie Goodman 

-V,h )■■>* finu\ \ nn v 

. BARCELONA — Princess Cristina, 
the tluixi m ime to the Spanish throne 
married a Rumiuc commoner, who is a 
jitoleNNhWiil athlete, in a ceremony that 
n „ lfc *° ^in's* diverse regions. 
i ,?° ,a ! n Catholic service Satur- 
iw\ in Barcelona s 13ih-ecntury cathe- 
itral principally in Spanish, but also 
m Catalan, the regional language 
i'.pukcu in Barcelona, where the bride 
yi' 1 ***, anti hi the Basque lang ua ge the 

««¥*«■ Crowds lining 
the 16-kilometer 1 10-mile) procession 
route waved little blue flags that read 

Best W Kites in ihe three languages 

Princess Cristina Federicade Borbon 
v ttnvui. 52. in the first member of the 
Spanish family ever to hold a 
salaried job; she prepares photographic 
exhibitions for a savings bank foun- 
dation. The groom, Inaki Uidangarin 
29. is u professional handball player. 

They met last year at the Atlanta 

The wedding of the middle child of 
K mg Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia was 
in step with the royal family's efforts to 
strengthen links to all the country's re- 
gions. It is a style that has helped make 
the royal family enormously popular 
since the monarchy was restored in 
1975 after the death of the right-wing 
dictator. General Francisco Franco. 

The televised storybook images from 
the Catalonian capital of the smiling 
princess in a long white gown did not 
show a growing undercurrent of polit- 
ical tension between Spain's regions 
and Madrid. 

The wedding served as a weekend 
pause in the battle of words. 

The minority conservative govem- 
mem of Prime Minister Jose Maria Am- 
ar controls Parliament thanks to support 
trom the Barcelona-based Catalonian 
natio nalist coalition, which in return has 
sxtTacted concessions for greater con- 
Ir °'r? V o re Sional budget. 

The Catalonian political leader, Jordi 
Pujol, was seated one row behind the 
prime minister in the cathedral Satur- 
day. Mr. Pujol has been staying at aim's 
length from the government, partly be- 
cause of incidents like the one at a recent 
concert in Madrid that was supported by 
die central government in which a per- " 
former was loudly heckled for singing 
in a dialect of Catalan. 

But Mr. Aznar's relations are even 
worse - with the Basque Nationalist 
Party, which withdrew its support for 
him last month after failing to win con- 
trol over regional unemployment 
policy. The party leader declined an 
invitation to the wedding. 

The Catalonian and Basque regions 
have been the traditional economic 
powerhouses of Spain, attracting job- 
seekers from poorer regions. They are 
also the two regions that have voiced 
support loudest for independence. The 
Basque region has an active separatist 
group that for years has used bomb 
attacks and kidnappings to fight Mad- 

The history of the regions made the 
match of the Spanish princess, who has 
lived in Barcelona for five years, and die 
tall Basque athlete all the more en- 
grossing for ordinary Spaniards. 

“Just because we have our own lan- 
guage and culture doesn’t mean thar we 
reject Spain," said Alicia Ruiz, 22, a 
waitress at a hotel near the cathedral. 
“It's a shame how they think of us.” 



v , 1 


Ugly American Returns 

Resentment Against the U.S. Resurrects Cliche 

: m . • i. 

jpKfe if'. m,-- 

tM: .J- i; ■gr- 

\faux Fmr-Fnv 

Princess Cristina and Mr. Urdangarin being married in Barcelona's 
13th-century cathedral. The Roman Catholic service was celebrated in 
Spanish, Catalan and Basque, and was broadcast on Spanish television. 

By David E. Sanger 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON— The Ugly Amer- 
ican has a new look around the world. 

The first image, drawn from the best- 
selling 1958 novel and the subsequent 
movie starring Marlon Brando, was of 
the meddling, culturally obtuse ambas- 
sador in Southeast Asia, although the 
Ugly American of the title is an engineer 
who helps the common people. Soon the 
archetype had metamorphosed to the 

overfed, camera-laden tourist, loudly de- 
manding a cheeseburger in a Paris caff. 

But if you are Malaysian these days, 
there is nothing uglier than an American 
currency trader — the breed that 


Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad 
assailed as “morons" who triggered a 
36 percent decrease in his nation’s cur- 
rency and shattered bis dreams of build- 
ing an Asian Silicon Valley. 

If you are French, the ugliest Amer- 
icans reside in the Senaie — Alfonse 
D’ Amato and Jesse Helms are fre- 
quently named — and believe that 
America has the right to reach beyond 
its borders to punish companies that fail 
to obey U.S. dictates about dealing with 
such rpgue states as Iran or anyone 

That explains why France, and the 
rest of the European Union, cheered last 
week when the French oil company 
Total SA said it would risk U.S. sanc- 
tions and invest $2 billion in an Iranian 
gas project, along with the Russian oil 
giant Gazprom and — no coincidence 
here — Malaysia's state oil concern. 

In Canada, where proximity can cer- 
tainly make die heart grow less fond, 
hardly a day passes when the airwaves 
are not popping with denunciations of 
the next-door neighbor's latest in- 
solence. The latest was the U.S. demand 

for a special exemption for the Korean 
Peninsula from the Canadian-inspired 
treaty to ban the use of land mines. 
When other nations refused to go along. 
President Bill Clinton declined to sign. 
And now the usual trade and fishing 
disputes have escalated into some of the 
nastiest political spats in years. 

Casting America as arrogant — even 
vilifying U.S. power to suit a domestic 
audience ; — is old sport around the 
world. Bui in the past few months, it has 
taken a new turn. 

The coraplainr these days is that 
America's remarkable run of prosperity 
has made it unbearable. Its detractors 
complain that the United States not only 
wants to set the rules for the world ( often 
in the guise of letting maiket forces 
reign), it also wants to use its power to 
dictate exceptions to those rules. More 
than a few see conspiracies at work. 

Fuming Asians like Mr. Mahathir 
charge that the real U.S. aim is to crush 
rising competitors and the French see an 
effort to shove American-style capital- 
ism down Europe's throat. 

The pushed are starting to push back. 
Prime Minister Lionel Jospin of France 
said last week that he “rejoiced” at the 
news that Total had decided to thumb its 
nose at the lran-Libya Sanctions Act. an 
extraterritorial inspiration of Mr. 
D’ Amato’s that became law last year. 

“No one accepts the idea the Amer- 
icans can make laws that apply on a 
global scale," Mr. Jospin said. “If not, 
die planet would be a different place and 
we would not be the old. independent 
nation that we are." 

President Boris Yeltsin of Russia 
could not resist joining in. saying on 
television: “Thank God that Russia, 
France and Iran are independent, free- 
dom-loving states, and interference 
from any other state is not to be tol- 
erated." It is hard to remember the last 
time a major leader described Iran in 
quite those terms. 




$ Gunmen Attach Office 
| lltf the UN in Baghdad 

CAIRO — Four unidentified gunmen 
hurled grenades and fired bullets at an of- 
fice ol the I'N oil-for-food program in 
Baghdad, destroying and damaging at least 
three vehicles in the compound, officials 
said Sunday. 

No one was hurt except one of the at- 
tackers. w ho was overpowered and taken 
into custody hy the Iraqi Army, said a UN 
statement sent here. The other three gun- 
men fled, it said. 

No one immediately claimed responsi- 
bility for the attack. It was not clear how the 
attacker was injured. 

The attack happened Saturday night at 
the World Health Organization’s headquar- 
ters in Baghdad, when there were no 
staffers in the building except guards, f A/* J 

In Brazil , Pope Says 
Mass for 1.5 Million 

RIO PL JANEIRO — Pope John Paul tl 
I said Mass on Sunday for more than 1-5 
| million people on a Rio beachfront, wrap- 
i pmg up a trip in which he sounded a battle 
j cry for the family. 

“The family ri the fundamental com- 
munity of love and of life," he said in his 
homily- before the crowd. “All other com- 
munities and societies ore based on 
H.“ (Renters) 

Yemen Arms Crackdown 

SAN 1 A. Yemen — Yemen began a na- 
tion-wide campaign Sunday io disarm its 
citizens, who own 50 million firearms — 
three guns for every person in the nation. 

Witnesses in San* a. the capital, said se- 
curity forces patrolled the streets and set up 
checkpoints in search for unlicensed arms. 

“We have orders from the Interior Min- 
istry to impound unlicensed weapons." 
said a security officer ai one of the check- 

Illicit guts, predominantly Kalashnikov 
afeomark rifles, are openly carri ed in Ye- 
men, one of the Arab world's poorest coun- 
tries. (Raders) 

28 Killed in Colombia 

BOGOTA — Two attacks, one blamed 
on leftist guerrillas and the other on para- 
military gunmen, have left at least 28 po- 


,N ^0,T(<f 0 

v Wo 

military gunmen, have ten at least 28 po- 
lice. soldiers and prosecutors in Colombia 
dead, the authorities said over die week- 

The authorities blamed guerrillas for the 
second of the attacks, which wiped out a 
two- vehicle police patrol Saturday, killing 
17 officers and wounding four others in 
Alto de Bodega, about 150 kilometers (95 
miles) south of Bogota. 

On Friday, gunmen ambushed a convoy 
carrying law enforcement officials south- 
east of the capital. Eleven members of the 
convoy, including a half-dozen soldiers, 
were killed, as were two assailants. General 
Alfredo Salgado of the police said. lAPt 

■lit | — 

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"Foreign Trade Development in Emerging Countries 
Tbe role of Countertrade and Offset ” 

Oixnting ceremony and welcoming address 

H.E, Soeharto . 

| Prcwlcnl of the Republic of Indonesia 

Prominent Indonesian and International Speakers. 
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% H.L Socdndjad Dfiwndono, Governor. Bank Indonesia 
Mr Ahurizal Bakric, Chairman. Chamber of Commerce 
Mr Ilishfan S. ntaJohadUcusumo, Chairman. APCA *5T 
Mr! Jeffrey T. Griffin. MV.. Washington 
Mr. PomplUw Vcrrariu, CS iVpanmcnt nt Commerce 
Mr. IVu-r IL Avon. President, Alfa Bank. Moscow 
Dnt hri^^b Kamm, Prcsdcnl of APCA 

Presentations by tbe Trade and Finance Specialists; 

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„ v (6M,) 57i - 90o&9 


PAGE 10 



Some Bones 
Named ‘Sue’ 
Go to Bidder 
For $8 Million 

By Malcolm W. Browne 

^ f>1 ' Tbrk Times Service 

NEW YORK — The Tyrannosaurus 
fossil named “Sue," considered io 
pe the most complete ever found, has 
Been auctioned for $8 J6 million to the 
rieln Museum of Natural History in 

The auction, which involved nine bid- 
took nine minutes Saturday to 
achieve a record price for the sale of a 
fossil. The auctioneer at Sotheby's who 
‘Officiated, David Redden, called the win- 
ning bid an “incredibly strong price." 

Many scientists expressed relief that 
.me fossil would remain in the United 
States in an educational institution. 

The actual bid for the fossil was $7.6 
million, but with a 10 percent buyer’s 
premium, the total came to $8.36 mil- 

Speaking for the Field Museum, John 
McCarter Jr. said money for the fossil 
had been provided by McDonald’s 
Coip., Ronald McDonald House Char- 
ities, Walt Disney World Resort, the 
California State University System and 
private individuals. 

The fossil was discovered in 1990 by 
Susan Hendrickson, who was working 
for the Black Hills Institute of Geo- 
logical Research, a commercial fossil 
dealer in Hill City, South Dakota. The 
Black Hills fossil prospectors had 
sought and received permission from a 
landowner. Maurice W illiam s, a Sioux 
Indian, to scout his badlands property 
for bones, knowing it to be a rich site of 
late Cretaceous treasure. 

By federal consent, Sotheby's was 
selected to dispose of Sue on behalf of 
Mr. Williams, who will receive the bulk 
of the proceeds. 

The new owner will receive a rich 
fossil bonus in addition to Sue herself. 
The Black Hills Institute preserved even 
the matrix rock removed from the di- 
nosaur fossil, and this rock is rich in the 
fossils of other animals, including a 
well-preserved Cretaceous turtle that 
lived at the time of Sue. 

Other fossils of great scientific in- 
terest include material believed to have 
been Sue’s stomach contents from her 
last meaL 

Sue's remains have yet to be studied 
in detail, but gashes by serrated dinosaur 
teeth blemishing her skull and some of 
her bones are evidence of mortal battles, 
one of which may have ended Sue's life 
some 65 million years ago. 



In California, a New Tack 
On Single-Sex Education 

. In the classrooms of Brookside 
Middle School in Stockton, California, 
girls huddle around tables and computer 
terminals. Down the hall, in other 
rooms, boys work quietly on their his- 
tory and science assignments. Only dur- 
ing the recess period are the boys and 
girls allowed to mix on the playground, 
where they eye one another, whispering 
and giggling. 

The unusual approach in Stockton is 
pan of a $5 million pilot program to 
test single-sex education in California 
schools as a way to expand choices and 
improve chances for students at risk. 
Single-sex settings, supporters be- 
lieve, encourage girls to feel more con- 
fident and be more vocal in class, while 

keeping boys more focused and better 

Under U.S. law, federal funding can 
be denied to schools that set up single- 
sex classes. To get around that. Brook- 
side and other schools have set up 
separate and entirely optional 
“academies'* within schools, provid- 
ing them with strictly identical re- 
sources. Some critics, however, say the 
real need is for coeducational classes 
where a greater effort is made to identi- 
fy and confront gender-based prob- 

Although classroom segregation 
has been practiced in private schools 
and in other countries for years, there 
are few studies documenting the sup- 
posed benefits. The kids at Brookside, 
however, seem unconcerned with that 
and appear happy. 

“You do get embarrassed in front of 
all the boys,' ' Emilie Bigo, 1 3, told the 
Philadelphia Inquirer. And Michael 
Bricka, 1 2, is happy not to have girls in 
physical education class. “They say: 
‘No, I don't want to do that I’ll break 
my nails.' ’’ 

Short Takes 

As much as Americans like to bash 
the U-S. Postal Service, only a minus- 
cule portion of the billions of - letters 
sent annually are lost in transit The 
amount of e-mail, on the other hand, 
that disappears into cyberspace ap- 
pears to be unacceptably high, reports 
The Hanford Couranr of Connecticut 

Inverse Network Technology, a 
California company, in August fired 
off 52,700 messages from a dozen of 
the country's largest Internet-access 
providers, but not the two biggest. 
AOL and CompuServe. 

Eighty-seven percent of the e-mail 
reached its destination within five 
minutes of being sent, with most of the 
rest tricklin g in within 12 houns. But an 
estimated 0-5 percent never arrived. 
The Postal Service does it better. 
About one of every 22500 letters it 
handles is undelivered. 

Almost half of new marriages end 
in divorce in the United States. Now, 
reports George magazine, as many as 

20 states are devising ways to make 
divorce more difficult. In Indiana, 
which has the second-highest divorce 
rate in the country — trailing only 
Nevada, home of the quickie divorce 
— there is a push to increase the cur- 
rent 60-day waiting period before a 
divorce is granted. Other states are 
considering a requirement that couples 
receive counseling before a marriage 
license is granted. The states with the 
lowest divorce rates are Pennsylvania, 
Maryland and Massachusetts. 

Genius, someone said, is the abil- 
ity to constructively combine two 
quite unrelated ideas. And some geni- 
us in the Texas Transportation De- 
partment has come up with a doozy: 
using waste toner fluid from copy ma- 
chines and printers to make better 
roads. Toner, made mostly of styrene 
polymer and carbon black, improves 
asphalt's high- temperature properties 
and increases its durability. Popular 
Mechanics reports. 

Brian Knowlton 

Away From Politics 

• Twenty-seven anti-nuclear activists 

were arrested at the Cape Canaveral Air 
Station during a protest against NASA 's 
plan to launch a spacecraft to Saturn that 
will carry radioactive fuel. The police 
said up to 1 ,'200 protesters demonstrated 
outside the air force base. The White 
House last week approved the planned 
OcL 13 launch of the space probe on an 
1 1-year mission. (Reuters) 

• The musicians of the Chicago Sym- 

phony Orchestra agreed to a three-year 
contract that allowed the orchestra to 
open its 107th season as planned in a 
newly refurbished concert hall. Sym- 
phony Center, formerly called Orches- 
tra Hall. " (Reuters) 

• An inquiry into what caused an air 

force F-117 Stealth jet fighter to fall 
from the sky on Sept. 14 near Baltimore f 
has discovered that a metal brace in the * 
left wing was improperly installed and - 
gave way, precipitating the crash during 
an air show performance, air force of- 
ficials said. (WP) 


Gore in Reno Land 

TAMPA. Florida — When Senator 
Bob Graham introduced Vice Pres- 
ident AJ Gore at a convention of the 
Florida Democratic Party this week- 
end, the last person anyone expected 
the senator to mention was Attorney 
General Janet Reno. 

After all, Mr. Gore tried throughout 
his two-day crip to talk about 
everything except Ms. Reno's de- 
cision Friday to extend her inquiry 
into bis campaign-finance practices in 
the 1996 election. 

But in praising the Clinton admin- 
istration for identifying the “quality 
and talent of Floridians” in making 
major appointments, Mr. Graham 
could not easily exclude the best 
known of them all: Ms. Reno, a 
graduate of Coral Gabies High 

Even so, the boisterous crowd of 
about 1,400 partisans did not take 
sides: They cheered for Ms. Reno and 
they greeted Mr. Gore enthusiastic- 
ally, waving placards that pro- 
claimed, “Florida Loves Gore." 

Beneath the partisan cheer, 
however, many delegates expressed 
nervousness about Ms. Reno's ex- 
amination of the vice president, and 
raised questions about the implica- 
tions for Mr. Gore’s White House 
ambitions in 2000. 

“I think it will hurt him tremend- 
ously,’" said Cynthia Tumi. 47, a high 
school language teacher from Fort 

Lauderdale. “He’s the focus of at- 
tention; he's the vice president. And 
no one can walk away clean from all 
these allegations." (NYT) 

Perot People Reform 

SCHAUMBURG, Illinois — They 
helped Ross Perot start his political 
organization. United We Stand 

They went door-to-door for him in 
1992 and suffered for him again in 
1996. For 2000, they will have an- 
other horse. 

Dissidents from Mr. Perot's Re- 
form Party formed a new national 
patty over the weekend. For now, they 
are calling it the National Reform 
Party, though they are looking for a 
name that does not remind them, and 
voters, of a certain Dallas billionaire. 


Quote I Unquote 

Amy Weiss Tobe. communications 
director of the Democratic National 
Committee, objecting to any sugges- 
tion that contributors had paid their 
way into the Lincoln Bedroom of the 
White House: “It’s simply an urban 
myth that people paid to stay in the 
Lincoln Bedroom. Did we reward 
supporters and contributors? Abso- 
lutely. But as we have said before, 
there were no price tags on events at 
the White House.” (NYT) 





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PAGE 11 

i roi. 



Its Not Only the Men in Black: These Days If a Film Isn’t Noir, It’s Nowhere 

% William Satire 

Wio^: NGT ,? N ~ Whatever happened 
1-Ved ( WM ‘ 1,n rom US ' ,he downca *i broker of 
!wi,"SV ' 1 ■ 04 canoon cl >^«er, Happy 

I >n the comics pages. tiiat pionecrine svm- 

h! HW JS? hv r ^ pa D V s a 

m • • ? 1 Wi* 01 ®* Baker * Sad Sack *®d 

1,IU ‘ ,n L d Ahncr bv A1 Capp’s bleaklv 
..npnvnoun.vaWe Joe Bf.splk. who VS 

X ,V C P? vhcre i?* a dart cloud: 

neu V ^ i , ? my Guscs have foa “ d a bright. 

an ? now the cnwwiw. yw»- 

lls f- rr ^ nd . ,n, i ri of/a» «*: These 
lL *> s - ' •* *»*"» lsn 1 Nnir - it's nowhere. 

laCanada taxi year. Butch Vig, of amusical 
group oepa-KHingly named Garbage, told The 
\mnmr bun: “We had Wetier Herzog 
i i n« v >^ running in the studio all day, so we felt 
T , , ha ‘ # r f ^hience.*’ About the same time in 
London. Ine Independent wrote that “Kim 
Bramtsmip sArc Dance Company dances his 
Uillet /lair, ‘Crime Fictions.' . . . inspired by 
Raymond Chandler." 

Chandler was a master of metaphor (“She 
was blond enough to make a bishop kick a 
hole through a stained-glass window”) who 
competed with Dashiell Hammett and James 
M. Cain in the heyday of the hard-boiled 
u nove I- He wrote in Los Angeles in 
the 40s and '50s, a locale of sunshine and 
deep shadow recollected through a ptngg 
darkly as an era of noir. 

The new movie set in that scene of crime, 
prostitution, glitz, and dreary fun, “LA. Con- 
c n enda t based on the 1 990 book by James 
cllroy, has occasioned a spate of citations of 
the French word for “black.” 

“Imagine a film set in the exotic past,” 
wrote Richard Schickel in Tune “Los Angeles 
in the noirish ’50s.” Daily Variety called it 

Warner Brothers’ period noir thriller.” 
Newsday’s Jack Mathews called it “an often 
funny pulp noir that grabs you by the throat.” 

Where did the vogue use of this word — 
now surpassing luminous, gritty, unsettling, 
rive ling, stylish, steamy and resonant in the 
ambience-chasing vocabulary of film crit- 
icism — have its origin? 

The earliest use found so far of film noir in 

the OED is from a 1958 review in The Spec- 
tator about a play that “tries to be a parody of 
a film noir." 

In the 70s, the French adjective appeared 
in pied noir, a disease that atiacks grapevines, 
and in the plural pieds noirs. Algerian 
refugees resettled by the French. 

But the meaning of noir that took hold in 
the ’80s departed from the color black to the 
metaphor of blackness, as in black comedy, 
amusement in morbidity that goes one step 
beyond mordant wit. ( Black comedy has been 
updated to comic-noir.) 

Mark Kemis caught the new meaning in a 
1978 Washington Post review of a Torn Waits 
recording: It is “the aural equivalent of a 

Raymond Chandler novel He draws scenes 

from dark alleys and pool halls, and the am- 
bience he creates forms a type of music noir.” 
A decade later, the New Yorker film critic 
Pauline Kael wrote of Kenneth Branagh's 
“Henry V”: “He’s trying to make it into an 
antiwar film, an epic noir.” In 1986, the nov- 
elist James Robert Baker had a disk-jockey 
character say: “This is Scott Cochran, macho 
nmijx a»ui/iht superstud, male feminist, and unbeatable 

schizophrenic. You're listening to Radio 
Noir.” In the ’90s. the French word took off. 
The Filmy novel was blurbed as “not imitation 
noir, but neo-noir. ” The Thomas Berger re- 
telling of the “Oresreia” was reviewed in The 
New York Times with; “His Clytemnestra is a 
classic nympho of: the noir imagination.” 

What’s the meaning of the new noir? One 
sense is “gloom inspired by fatalism,” a char- 
acteristic of Chandler's private eye, Philip Mar- 
lowe: a more recent and less profound sense is 
“overtones of menace and criminality.” That 
scary sense is embodied in boudoir noir, de- 
scribed by The Toronto Star as “the newly 
mains tream leather-fetish-consensual S/M 
lobby.” (When did sadomasochism become 
mainstream? Is nothing kinky anymore?) 

In the old days, the villains in the sagebrush 
epics were the black hats ; now, thanks to the 
reviewing community, they are the stars of 
cowbnv noir. 

Reading the future is easy. We can trust the 
critics of the next generation to look back on 
our prosperous fin-de-nuilenaire period as a 
time of Mane. 

New York Times Service 

A Hmong Child, Her American 
Doctors and the Collision of Two 

By Anne Fadiman. 339 pages. $24. 

Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 

Reviewed by Richard Bernstein 

I N the standard scenario of cultural 
collision, a Western rationalist — a 
missionary doctor, say, or an explorer 
— travels far away to a society of 
strange customs and tries to convert it to 
a different system of belief, with results 
that are sometimes comic, sometimes 

There is, for example, the story of the 
American missionary in China who 
showed movies of grotesquely enlarged 
flies, trying to convince the local people 
of the need to exterminate them. The 
local response: The flies in America, as 
big as tigers, are terrifying and dan- 
gerous, but here in China die flies are 
very small and harmless. 

In “The Spirit Catches You and You 
Fall Down,*' Anne Fadiman writes of a 
reverse situation, showing what can hap- 
pen when the bearers of an animist, 
nonrationalist, nonscientific culture 
come to the United States and collide 
with local customs and assumptions. 
Fadiman. a free-lance writer who was 
recently named editor of the journal The 
American Scholar, describes the rich 
and absorbing case of a family of 
Hmong refugees in Merced, California. 
The family, whose surname is Lee. have 
a severely epileptic baby daughter, Lia. 
When the desperately sick baby is taken 
in hand by the system of Western medi- 
cine, two worlds of almost supreme in- 
compatibility collide, with heart- 
wrenching consequences. 

"P ADIMAN tells her story with a nov- 
JT elist’s grace, playing the role of cul- 
tural broker, comprehending those who 
do not comprehend each other and per- 
ceiving what might have been done or 
said to make the outcome different. She 
has read widely in the anthropological 
literature on the Hmong. the mountain 
people of Laos who, having fought oo 
the American side during the Vietnam 
War, ended up fleeing their homes when 
the war was lost. 

The Lee family thought that their 


daughter's epileptic seizures had been 
caused by spirits called dabs who had 
caught her and made her fall down. The 
cure for this condition, they believed, 
lay in animal sacrifices to persuade the 
spirit to give the soul back. When 
Merced's Western doctors, not realiz- 
ing “that diseases are caused by fu- 
gitive souls and cured by jugulated 
chickens,” insisted on a complicated 
regimen of drugs to stop Lia's dev- 
astating seizures, the family balked at 
giving the medication. When Lia's 
seizures got worse, and she suffered 
irreparable brain damage, the doctors 
thought the Lees’ noncompliance with 
their medical regime was responsible. 
The Lees believed that the doctors, by 
giving Lia too much medicine, had 
caused her to get worse. 

As she tells this sad story, Fadiman 
emerges as a champion of the Hmong, a 
brave and independent people who have 
struggled for centuries to maintain their 
identity and way of life. She devotes 
chapters to Hmong history’ and the 
Hmong cosmology as well as the various 
difficulties the Hmong have en- 
countered in settling in the United 
States. But Fadiman is not mawkish 
about them. She understands that West- 
ern medicine, though unadorned by the 
charm of a spirit-filled invisible world, 
is a more reliable way of curing disease 
than sacrificing pigs or chickens. Her 
argument is that a better understanding 
of the Hmong culture might have en- 
abled the Western doctors to overcome 
the family’s resistance to science and 
lead them toward a more cooperative 

“Western medicine saves fives,” 
Fadiman remembers being told by a 
Minnesota epidemiologist, and that fact 
pulls her back from the brink of a kind of 
anthropological sentimentality accord- 
ing to which all beliefs are equaL “I had 
to keep reminding myself of that,” Fadi- 
man continues. “It was all that cold 
linear, Cartesian. non-Hmong-like 
thinking which saved my father from 
colon cancer, saved my husband and me 
from infertility, and, if she had swal- 
lowed her anticonvulsants from the start, 
might have saved Lia from brain dam- 

That is Fadiman 's bedrock position, 
even if here and there her affection for 
tbe Hmong leads her to an excess of 
cultural relativism. She understands, for 
example, why the Merced doctors were 

prone to see the Hmong taboo against 
most forms of treatment as “self-de- 
feating ignorance,” but sbe flirts with 
the idea that the Hmong view is not 
ignorance so much as another kind of 
knowledge. Lia's “life was ruined not 
by septic shock or noncompliant parents 
bmby crosscultural misunderstanding,” 
Fadiman concludes. 

To be sure, misunderstanding 
hindered the cure and Fadiman's rec- 
ommendation that we study other cul- 
tures makes sense. But her own evidence 
is that the Hmong’s ignorance was the 
fundamental cause of Ua’s fate. 

The value of Fadiman's book is its 
clarity about just how vast is the dif- 
ference between Hmong animism and 
Western science. Her story is a gripping 
and poignant one at the center of which 
is an exceedingly likable and honorable 
family, the Lees, whose love for their 
afflicted daughter is wondrous ly un- 
conditional but whose superstitious 
world view maintains an iron grip on 
their minds. Surrounding them is a 
group of individuals — doctors and 
nurses, social workers and foster-care 
parents — all striving valiantly to 

T HE twisting and distressing tale of 
little Lia, her family and her doctors 
reminds us of how colossal the struggles 
of ordinary fife can be. “You can’t tell 
them that somebody Is diabetic because 
their pancreas doesn't work,” one doc- 
tor tells Fadiman, illustrating the mag- 
nitude of the gap between Western sci- 
ence and the Hmong worldview. “They 
don’t have a word for pancreas. They 
don’t have an idea for pancreas.” 

And yet despite that seemingly un- 
bridgeable gap, there was a commitment 
to Lia's well-being shared by every- 
body. The doctors showed it by ad- 
mitting her to the local hospital 17 times 
even though hex parents were too poor to 
pay a penny of the cost. The parents 
showed it by sleeping next to their sick 
daughter's side every night she was in 
the hospital and by treasuring her after 
she had been returned to them in a 

The shared sadness over Lia gave the 
two sides a narrow margin of common 
ground, although it was too narrow for 
the Hmong to understand what Lia's 
doctors were trying to do or to believe 
even that they were of good faith. 

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(IBRD) towards the cost of the “Emergency Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Project for Lebanon / Solid Waite" 
and it is intended that parts of tbe proceeds of this loan will be applied to eligible payments for the ahmr 
mentioned contract for the caza of TripolL *®ove 

The Council for Development and Reconstruction (CDR) invites sealed bids from eligible bidden for the snnntv 
landfill mobile equipment, namely 1 landfill compactor, 1 track loader, 1 wheel loader, and 1 water tank trndL °* 
Bidden can present offers for one, two, three, or the whole set of the required mobile equipment 
This project wffl be administrated by CDR, based upon the World Bank’s guidelines. 

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md be subject to post-quelfficutim eccordiug to the criteria to be stated ia the bidding 
bidding documents are available for collection at CDR offices against the sum of USSMii/w 1.^.4 jTT ite ® 
form of a banker*, certified check In the name of tbe Council foT^eiT^ 

Wednesday August 20“ 1»7. The Tender Documents that were retrieved by biddersIh^Lut 1997*^!^ 
valid. 6 » *re stm 

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following address: Tbe Council for Development and Reconstruction - TaHet el Serafl lLimt t ?* ’ ^7** the 

The bid opening will take place at the CDR ou Friday October 24*, 1»7 « , 

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PAGE uf 

Dismay in China Firms 
As Privatization Looms 

State Companies Are Unprepared for Change 

By Seth Faison 

WfH 1 York Tunes Service 

SHANGHAI — Lu Yaqin cheer- 
fully admits that, for a chairwoman of 

the board, she does not know much 
about business. 

Miss Lu’s position, running a com- 
pany newly need from government 
ownership, right in the heart of China’s 
largest city, might seem an enviable 
spot for finding opportunity in die 
world's fastest -gro w ing economy. 

But Miss Lu, like so many managers 
in China who came of age under cen- 
tral planning, has more experience fol- 
lowing Communist Patty instructions 
than making business decisions. At her 
cramped, back-alley factory, where 
159 workers make industrial sewing 
machines, she seems a bit perplexed in 
her search for new sources of income. 

“The leadership is encouraging us 
to explore new solutions," said Miss 
Lu, a portly wo man of 49, whose com- 
pany nas retained its Communist-era 
name, Shanghai No. 2 Textile Ma- 
chine™ Factory. “I thought maybe we 
should start a laundry delivery service. 
What do yon think?" 

The vast majority of China’s 
300,000 state-run enterprises are 
small, inefficient and now, under pres- 
sure to reform, grasping at almost any- 
thing for a way to stay alive. The 
business climate has become treach- 
erously unstable, and many managers 
like Miss Lu are party operatives with 
little experience or understanding of 

At the Communist Party congress 
last month in Beijing, the party ap- 
proved a plan to shift the ownership of 
all but 3,000 or so enterprises away 
from the state, through mergers, public 
sale of shares or transferring control to 
management and workers. 

The state press has hailed the move 
as a crucial step forward in China’s 
economic reform. 

The idea, in essence, is to shed the 
state's burden of money-losing busi- 
nesses. While dismantling the last pil- 
lar of China's communist economy, 
leaders say they must stop paying huge 
subsidies to lagging enterprises that 
cannot compete with newer, private 
companies that are fueling China's 
swift economic growth. 

The reality, as seen at a factory like 

Miss Lu's, is a mishmash of good 
intentions, murky finances, political 
deal-making and “Chinese character- 
istics,” as politicians here call 
nomena they cannot easily e: 

The outcome, though still up in the air, 
appears likely to be a messy mixture of 
state and private control. 

Chinese officials hope that over the 
long run, releasing state companies 
into the free market will force a natural 
selection of viable businesses. 

“We must have a system where the 
strong survive and the weak fail," said 
Wang Zhongyu, mini ster of the state 
Economic and Trade Commission, 
during the party congress. 

The grave risk is that unrest will 
erupt among workers, since more than 
100 million jobs are at stake in the 
state-owned businesses that will be up 
for sale. Workers at many companies 
are suddenly finding themselves 
obliged to buy shares if they want to 
keep their jobs, and once government 
support disappears they could be left 
with nothing if their factories col- 

An even greater concern, dramat- 
ized in small but ominous worker 
protests across the country in recent 
months, is the danger of corrupt factory 
managers who fail to pay workers and. 
taking advantage of the disorder as 
ownership is shifting, abscond with a 
company’s assets. 

For any enterprise, especially one in 
transition, choosing managers is 
clearly a critical issue. Theoretically, 
adopting a shareholding system means 
giving shareholders the right to select a 
company's directors. 

The reality may not be so simple. In 
Miss Lu’s factory, for instance, the 
same four leaders who ran the factory 
before it shifted from state ownership 
to a shareholding system last year were 
“elected” a gain at a first meeting of 
shareholders, with a new fifth member 

“It was unanimous,” Miss La said 
proudly. “It feels much better to be 
chosen by everyone than appointed by 
one or two people up above.” 

Miss Lu has been the factory’s Com- 
munist Party secretary since 1973, 
when fanatical leftists were in charge 
and the main requirement for the job, as 
Miss Lu remembers it, was organizing 
and chanting political slogans of the 

Snh RumbAIk Nf. Vbrk 

Lu Yaquin is one of many managers who plan to diversify. 

Cultural Revolution. She became the 
factory’s general manager in 1989. 

Mirroring the kind of elections held 
at various levels of the Chinese gov- 
ernment, voting at enterprises like 
Miss Lu’s may sometimes offer a few 
genuine choices, but only within para- 
meters chat the relevant authorities 
have set Miss Lu said as much when 
she described the process at her fac- 

A few months before the directors 
were chosen. Miss Lu said she held 
staff meetings to talk about switching 
to a shareholding system. The workers 
were each asked to put up $500, about 
triple die average monthly salary, for a 

stake in the company. 

Snch a price is affordable, in part, 
because the country's savings rate is so 
high. Inexpensive housing still allows 
a typical urban worker to bank 40 
percent of a salary, and in addition to 
China's cultural tradition of thrift, 
(here are few investment choices better 
than a savings account 

* *1 bought because it’s a good deal,", 
said a 32-year-old machinis t at the 
factory, keeping an eye on Miss Lu. 

“Everyone had a strong desire for 
the new system," Miss Ln said. 
“There were no objections. Every- 
one’s thinking was in line with the 

European TV Scrambles in Rapidly Shifting Market 

International Herald Tribune 

CANNES — As the international 
television market here wound up, it was 
clear that European television was in 
t ( greater flux than ever. 

% In Germany, a proposed partnership 
’ among Kirch Group, Bertels m a n n 
GmbH and Deutsche Telekom for the 
delivery of digital programming is be- 
ing vigorously challenged as a mono- 
poly by government media authorities 
and public broadcasters. 

“Kirch and Bertelsmann have inves- 
ted so much in buying programs and 
developing decoders that they have to 

keep out free television broadcasters and 
preserve a monopoly,” said Hans Hegc, 
director of the media authority for Berlin 
and the Brandenburg region. Jan Mojto, 
managing director of Kirch Group. 


countered that the proposed digital sys- 
tem would be "completely open.” 

Meanwhile, in Italy, authorities are 
moving to impose quotas on foreign 
programs and to require the country’s 
main broadcasters, Silvio Berluscooi's 
Mediaset SpA and the public network 

RAL to devote more than 30 percent of 
their budgets to local production. 

And in Spain, a bitter rivalry con- 
tinues between two digital satellite pro- 
viders over rights to Hollywood films 
and series. 

Sogecable SA’s Canal Satellite Dig- 
ital, a partnership between the French 
pay-television network Canal Plus SA 
and the Spanish media concern Grupo 
Prisa, has signed up 125,000 subscribers 
and has commitments from Walt Disney 
Co., PolyGram Filmed Entertainment. 
DreamWorks SKG, Universal Pictures 
and Time Warner Inc. for studio films 

and for television programs. 

Russian broadcasters also were out in 
force at Mipcom, the media market that 
closed here last week, tzying to convince 
Western investors that the country’s 
media, tainted by corruption and piracy 
scandals, were on (he road to reform. 

"There’s a giant question mark over 
Russia,” said Harry Evans Sloan, chief 
executive officer of SBS Inc., a Lux- 
embourg-based media company that is 
staying out of Russia for now. 

Richard Covington 

As Dollar Vies With Yen, 
The Mark Pushes Ahead 

Traders Say Politics did Japan’s Currency 

By Carl Gewirtz 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The Deutsche mark and 
neighboring currencies closely linked to 
it are emerging as the big winners in the 
standoff between the dollar and the yen. 

The yen, by all accounts, should be 
weak across the board. The Japanese 
economy is in a deflationary rut, the 
stock market is in a rut, and with do- 
mestic interest rates at historic lows and 
unlikely to rise soon, investment capital 
should be pouring out in search of high- 
er returns than can be found at home. 

Money does seem to be moving. The 
yen last week lost 1.26 percent against 
the marie, bringing its decline to 4.5 
percent over the past 30 days. In sharp 
contras); however, the dollar has been 
nearly immobile. It gained 03 percent 
against the yen last week and a mere 1 
percent in the past month. 

For Simon Crane, a London-based 
trading adviser, the yen’s virtual sta- 
bility against the dollar is nothing short 
of “ remarkable,” and he concludes that 
Japanese officials are “massaging” the 
rate. The only point on which analysts 
differ is whether the stability is the 
result of hidden intervention by some 
public body or of official advice to 
Japanese financial institutions not to 
buy dollars. 

Analysts say the dollar/yen rate is too 
politicized, with neither die Japanese 
nor the Americans wanting to see a 
weak yen adding to the Japanese trade 
surplus or the U.S. trade deficit 

“There’s fear of an official am- 
bush,” John Lipsky at Chase Manhattan 
Bank in New York said. Through either 
verbal exhortations dr actual interven- 
tion, he said, Japanese officials will do 
all they can to keep die dollar from 
challenging the year's high of 12730 
yen set May 1. 

Since mid-September, the dollar has 
drifted between a low of 1 19.20 yen and 
a high of 122.99 yen. It ended last week 
at 122.10 yea. 

“The fundamentals point to a weak- 
ening yen,” Mr. Lipsky said, “espe- 
cially as we approach next spring's mar- 
ket deregulation, which will make it 
easier for individual investors to obtain 
foreign currency.” 

Gerard Lyons, London -based analyst 
at DKB International, the investment 
banking arm of one of Japan’s largest 
banks, Dai-Ichi Kangyo Ltd., concurs. 
Noting that “something has to give” in 
the absence of faster domestic growth, 
be forecast that the dollar would reach 
125 yen by year-end and 133 yen by 
mid- 1998. 

For the same reasons, Ron Leven at 
J. P. Morgan & Co. in New York expects 
to see the dollar at 130 yen before the 
cad of Japan's fiscal year March 3 1. 

Meanwhile, the dollar is facing a 
shaky period against the mark. It skid- 
ded almost 1 percent Friday, to 1.7560 
DM, although for the week 4 was vir- 
tually unchanged. News of slower-than- 
expected job creation in the U.S. em- 
ployment report for September virtually 
wiped out expectations of a rise in U.S. 
interest rates this year. In addition, ex- 
pectations still run high that German 
rates will rise. 

Paul Cberdcow at UBS Securities in 
London said the dollar could yet re- 
bound, perhaps to 1.80 DM, before be- 
ginning a "cyclical decline” against 
“core' European currencies around the 
end. of the year. By late next year, he 
sees the dollar at 1.70 DM. 

But for Mr. Lipslty at Chase, “ex- 
pectations of rising German interest 
rates are overstated." When it becomes 
clear that rates in Europe will not rise so 
quickly, be said, die dollar will keep 
tr ading in a range around 1.80 DM. 

Braving Critics, Italy Sets Sale 
Of Stake in Telecom Concern 

,CtMq)Hed bj OurSutfJFmm DUptndn 

ROME — The Italian government, 
shrugging off political tensions, will put 
its remaining stake in Telecom Italia 
SpA on the market this month in the 
biggest operation of its kind in Europe. 

Mario .Draghi, director-general of tbe 
Treasury, said Rome would offer 32.8 
percent of Telecom’s ordinary shares to 
institutional and retail investors around 
the world. At current market prices, the 
privatization is worth about 163 trillion 
lire ($9.49 billion). 

“This will be tire largest share of- 
fering carried out is Europe on the sec- 
ondary market,”. Mr. Draghi said Sat- 
urday. He added that dissension over 
cutbacks in the 1998 budget within 
Prime Minister Romano Prcdi’s center- 
left coalition government, which many 
investors had speculated might derail the 
sale, would not affect the placement. 

The Treasury said ordinary investors 
would be able to buy Telecom shares at 
a discount of 3 percent to market price. 
Telecom Italia employees will get a 

discount of 4 percent, though they can- 
not buy more than 25 percent of the 
shares on offer, the Treasury said. 

Telecom’s share price dropped more 
than 5 percent in three days last week as 
investors sold out of the Milan bourse, 
worried that the Refounded Communist 
Party would cany out its threat to bring 
down the government. 

On Friday, Telecom’s shares closed 
at 10,860 lire, down 0.7 percent 

Mr. Draghi said the Treasury had dis- 
cussed the situation with its privatization 
advisers and had decided to press ahead 
wife the sell-off plans, but added that they 
would continue to monitor fee situation. 

* The state is going to withdraw from 
Telecom completely, so political events 
should not have an impact,” he said. 
“Of course, if we should see a major 
collapse on the whole market ’ ’ then fee 
government would re-evaluate tbe sale. 

In spite of the political problems, a 
Treasury official said there was strong 
demand for Telecom stock among in- 
stitutions. (Reuters, Bloomberg) 

Internet’s Data Growth Confronts Providers With a New ‘Dinosaur Challenge’ 


(mmuttional Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — When demand for digital lines led telephone 
companies to upgrade their connections to fiber optics 
almost a decade ago, they poured billions of dollars 
into fee task, and those (hat could not make such an 
i n vestment became the dinosaurs of the industry. 

Now. telecommunications companies are facing a similar 
infrastructure challenge because of the Internet. Right now, 
traffic over phone lines is 99 percent voice traffic and 1 
percent data. But in the next few years, data will overtake 
voice, according to industry analysts. 

The thrust of investment will be to adapt the existing 
infrastructure. Some estimates say the Internet will grow from 
30 million users in 1997 to an estimated 300 million by 2006 

— and users are going to expect greater speed from fee service 


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at fee same time. As those customers start to use more data- 
hungry applications, including music and video, analysts say, 
the amount of information tbe lines must cany will leap to 100 
megabits an hour from the 1.7 megabits now used in an 
Internet linkup. 

Transporting large amounts of data is fundamentally dif- 
ferent from domg so with analog, or voice, traffic because it is 
sent in “packets” from many different sources to a variety of 
destinations, all jumbied together on one telephone line. 

To keep up, telecommunications companies will have to 


spread their capital-improvement budgets all across the spec- 
trum, from haniware and software to cable and engineering. 

network depends upon, for starters, the available bandwidth 
— fiber-optic cables ore on the high end, and traditional 
copper cables are at the low — the processing power of fee 
computers, and the quality of software that compresses and 
decompresses information. Some analysts question the ability 
of telephone companies to meet fee demand, and they are 
already warning of service outages. 

“In general, we probably have sufficient long-haul capacity 
for fee next five years,” said John Gantz, senior vice president 



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at International Data Consultants, an information-technology 
research company in Cambridge, Massachusetts. “Compa- 
nies that upgrade their capacity will be able to differentiate 
themselves by avoiding outages during periods of growth.” 

Chris Earnshaw, managing director of the network and 
systems division at British Telecommunications PLC, said, 
“We are evolving structure to eliminate the possibility of 
these things.” 

BT and other leading telecommunications companies 
already upgrade their networks- routinely, but Mr. Earnshaw 
said fee difference now was that the pace was increasing at 
“an exponential rate.” 

In the past year, British Telecom has invested more than £2 
billion ($3.22 billion) in its core networking system. 

MCI Communications Coro, says its network is 100 percent 
digital; in other words, its equipment now allows the company 
to handle high-speed data traffic over its entire network. 

Helen Pickens, a telecomm umcations-mdus try analyst 
wife Dataquest Inc. in London, said this also was true of 
France Telecom. Carriers such as Deutsche Telekom that are 



2, boulevard Royal, 



Notice is hereby riven that an Extraordinary General Meeting 
of shareholders snail be held at the registered office on 16th 
October, 1997 al 10:00 sun. for the purpose of considering the 
following agenda: . 

' L To resolve on tbelupudalloii of the Fond; 

2. To appoint a liquidator. 

' In order to deliberate validly on the items of the agenda, at 
least 50% of the shares issued must be represented at the 
meeting, and a decision in favour of the resolutions must be 
approved by shareholder! holding at least 2/3 of the shares 
represented atvhe meeting 

Proxy forms are available at the Fund's registered office. 

In order to be valid proxies duly executed by shareholders 
should be mailed to Baocruc Internationale a Luxembourg, art: 
Mrs- Muller, 69, route tTEsch, L-29S3 Luxembourg so as to be 
received the business day preceding the Meeting at 5.-00 pan. at 
the latest. 

By ord er ofthe Bound of Directors. 

not yet at 100 percent, she said, 1 ‘are quickly upgrading.” 

MCI just last week began guaranteeing high-speed data 
services for large business customers that used its local 

Internet address: 

• Other recent technology articles: 



Soci6t6 d'lnvestissement a Capital Variable 
Registered Office: 

26, route d*Arion • L-1140 Luxembourg 
R.C Luxembourg B 26149 


An extraordinary meeting of shareholders of Alfred 
Berg Norden (the 'Corporation'’) will be held at 

11 a.m. on October 14, 1997 at the registered office 
of the Corporation, 26, route d’Arion, Luxembourg, 
with the following agenda: 

To amend articles 5, 8, 16, 21, 23, 25 and 27 of the 
Articles of Incorporation mainly to change the 
reference currency of the -Corporation from the 
United Slates Dollar to the Swedish Crown and 
amend certain valuation rules. 

The fuU text ofthe proposed amendments is available 
at the registered office of the Corporation. 

Shareholders are advised that a quorum of 50% of 
the shares outstanding is required and that the 
resolutions must be earned by a majority of 2/3 of 
the shares represented at the meeting. 

If fee quorum is nqt reached, it is expected that a 
further meeting wilf be convened at which no 
quorum will be required. 

September 22, 1 997 The Board of Directors 

Holders of bearer shares wishing to attend the 
extraordinary general meeting have to deposit their 
. shares, at least 24 hours before the meeting, wife 
Swiss Bank Corporation (Luxembourg) Ltd,, where 
proxy forms may be obtained. ■* 

page u 


Ronds' 1 Rally Gathers Momentum as Short- Sellers Surrender 

By Carl Gewiitz 

Internationa l Herald Tribune 

around world last 

to be worsening, desperation drove the 
^■y® ar government paper down to a 
rewrd low of 1.75 percent. ^ 

Xnthe Itehed States and Europe, the drop came 
no® a different kind of desperation — that of 

wort-sellers, speculators who had bet on foiling 
prices and rising yields, throwing in the towel and 
n|£ing to close positions an d mmimiTif losses in 

■ iri C rising prices and foiling 


The latest data showing moderating growth in 
employment in die United States and still mod- 
estly expanding industrial output in Germany are 
driving analysts and investors to push still further 
into the future the next expected increase in 

official interest rates. At their lowest level Fri- 
day, a day of hectic trading, 10-year U.S. Treas- 
ury notes were yielding 5.89 percent, a low for 
the year. But by the close, after a bout of Mideast 
tensions had sent spot and futures prices for oil to 
an eight-month high and fueled fears of inflation, 
the yield was back to 6 percent — unchanged for 
the day and down eight basis points, or 0.08 
percentage point, on the week. 

Although Germany's market was officially 
closed for a holiday Friday, its 10-year gov- 
ernment bonds — Europe’s benchmark issue — 
ended the week at a historic low of 5-39 percent 

The reaction to foe surge in oil prices 'il- 
lustrated foe fragility of the view that inflation is 
not a near-term threat in North America and 
Europe. But assuming that foe tensions between 
Iran and Iraq do not lead to a disruption in the 
flow of oil, analysis say the momentum that is 
building will continue to drive bond prices up and 
yields down. 

Stilt it was not just short-sellers buying back 
borrowed bonds they had unwisely sold that drove 

foe market In the United Stales, analysts note that 
such a decline in long-term rates, which are down 
a third of a percentage point so for this year, often 

S ts a surge in mortgage repayments — 
obliges holders of mortgage-backed .se- 
curities to move back into foe Treasury market 
In addition, with foe second half of Japan's 
fiscal year having started Wednesday, bankers 
reported sizable outflows from Japan in search of 
foe higher yields on U.S. and European brads. 
The outflow has had only a minimal impact on 
exchange rates, bankers said, because Japanese 
institutions are buying bonds with cash borrowed 

But on bond prices in general, even Steven 
Roach, an outspoken skeptic at Morgan Stanley, 
is giving ground. 

“The bear in me says ‘no.' but the momentum 
of the market is sow screaming ’yes.' ” be said. 

Against foe background of low and falling 
benchmark yields, bankers repon no .letup indie 
demand for “spread product” or riskier paper that 
yields a hefty premium over benchmark levels. 

particularly brads from foe so- called emerging 
markets in Latin America and Easton Europe. 

Thus, Argentina issued 350 billion lire ($203.1 
million) of seven-year notes whose coupon rate for 
the first two years is 350 basis points above 

finalPfiye years, which will coincide with foe 
anticipated start of European monetary union, tire 
annual coupon rate drops from 9 percent to 7 

The dollar sector last week, meanwhile, saw 
the first corporate issues from Russia and foe 
Commonwealth of Independent States. Mosen- 
ergo, a relatively debt-free Russian power com- 
pany, sold $200 million of five-year notes priced 
to yield 250 basis points over benchmark levels 
that aided foe week trading at a spread of 238 
basis points. Managers said the issue was five 
times oversubscribed and was distributed half in 
the United States as a private placement and half 
to retail and institutional customers in Europe. 

TatnCft, an oil company owned by the Russian 
republic of Tatarstan, increased its five-year note 

issue io $300 million from the. initially plaitf 1 ^ 
$200 million and was twice oversubscribed ai 
offering spread of 310 basis points. It ended ‘be 
week trading at a spread of 290 basis poi n,!> 
Distribution was identical to Mosenergo’s. 

In the equity-linked sector. Daewoo Corp 
issued $100 million of 10-year bonds canyu^ ^ 
annual coupon of 0-5 percent In light of fo c 
financial turmoil gripping Southeast Asia. fl* 
feared spillover and South Korea's own finaiH |J i 
problems. The bonds are convertible into foe 
South Korean company's stock at a rate equal “> 
the prevailing quote, 6,381 won ($6.99), rather 
than the 10 percent to 15 percent premium to for 
current price that is traditional. 

In addition, bondholders are offered protection 
against the stock price not appreciating and have 
foe right to request redemption at foe end of foe 
fifth year at a premium of 39.83 percent over the 
issue price of par. Currently, mis premium ,s 
equal to 125 basis points over U.S/ Treasui* 
notes, but what the premium will be worth in 
spread terms in five years is guesswork. 

Most Active International Bonds 

The 250 most active inlemafional bonds traded 
through the Euroctear system for the week efxJ- 

"0 Oct 3. Prices suppled by Telekure. 

Rak No 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Australian Dollar 

203 Austro fa 

6ft 11/1506 1015500 64400 

British Pound 

741 Abbey NsflTS 6 Oano/99 97JS00 6.1400 

l58Rn Resld Hous 8369 09TXUSQ 143*000 ££300 

Canadian Dollar 

222 Canada 

714 0401/07 110.7200 65500 

Danish Krone 

6 Denmark 
12 DemrKHfc 
16 Denmark 
22 Denmotk . 

27 Denmark 
34 Denmark 

44 Denmark 

45 Denmark 

46 Denmark 
48 Denmark 

106 NytOttflt 
133 Denmark 

137 Redkradtt 

138 Denmark 

221 Denmafc TMIs 
223 Denmark 

7 11/1 Stiff 

8 <0/1 506 

8 11/1501 

9 11/1500 
7 11/1Q04 

6 12WV99 

7 12/1504 

8 03/1503 

6 11/1502 

zero 020208 
4 02/1300 

7 1001/26 





































Rt* None 

95 Treuhand 
99 Germany SP 
101 Germany 
103 Germany 
105 Trraj hand 
107 Germany 
11 3 Germany 
116 Germany 
721 Germany FRN 
124 Germany 
126 Deutsche Bohn 
129 Germany 
131 Germany 
134 Germany 
157 Germany 

160 Germany 

161 Treuhand 
168 Germany 

173 LB 8ertn FRN 

176 Germany 




202 Treuhand 

206 Germany 


226 Germany 

233 Italy 


248 Germany 

cpn Maturity Price Yield Rnk Name 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

7 11/25/99 
zero 0704/27 
7 01/1200 
6 0600/16 

5 12/17/98 
616 07/1504 
6ft 050009 
5)6 O80Q08 
zero 010404 
8048 09/3004 

7 1202/97 
516 i an Q07 
8ft 080100 
616 0709999 
8* 0502/00 

6 110203 
6ft 010098 
516 040909 
516 100098 
5ft 020998 

5 01/1409 
516 050809 
zero 0*2505 
5V6 110097 
5ft 08/1501 
6ft 060998 
616 09/1909 
6ft a%2W6 

6 020098 
7ft 102007 
6V6 020008 
516 07/1007 
5ft 1 VI 703 

7 040009 













































521 00 








102 Sweden 
109 Sweden 1036 
184 Sweden 1037 
188 Sweden 
240 Sweden 

U$. Dollar 

Dutch Guilder 

Deutsche Hark 

1 Germany 6 

2 Germany 6 

3 Germany &Vk 

5 BundesoUgaflon 4ft 

7 Germany 6ft 

8 Germany 

9 Treuhand 

10 Germany 

11 Germany 
15 Germany 

17 Germany 

18 Germany 

19 Germany 

20 Germany 

23 Germany 

24 Treuhand 
25 Germany 94 
28 Germany 

31 Germany 

32 Germany 

33 Treuhand 

36 Germany 

37 Treuhand 
39 Germany 

41 Germany 

42 Germany 

43 Treuhand 
47 Treuhand 
51 Germany 
53 Germany 
55 Germany 

58 Germany 

59 Germany 

60 Germany 
41 Germany . 

64 Germany 

65 Treuhand 

66 Germany Tbits zero 

67 Treuhand 6ft 

68 Treuhand 

70 Germany 

71 Germany 

72 Germany 
74 Germany 

76 Germany 

77 Germany 

79 Germany 

80 Germany 

81 Germany 


83 Germany 

84 Germany 

85 Treuhand 

86 Germany 

87 Treuhand 

88 Germany 
94 Germany 




































XI 35 
. 6ft 

1 00102 

10151 OD 
T1 25992 












50 Netherlands 
62 Netherlands 
69 Netherlands 
93 Netherlands 
97 Netherlands 

nil Hmrii _ _r\m 

108 Netherlands 
111 Nelheriands 
1T8 Netherlands 
127 Netherlands 
12B Netherlands 
135 Netherlands 
145 Netherlands 
147 Nelheriands 
149 Netherla nd s 
150 Netherlands 
155 Netherlands 
162 Netherlands 
166 Netherlands 
10 Nelheriands 
1 72 Netherlands 
179 Netherlands 
186 Netherlands 
209 Nelheriands SP 
211 Netherlands 
214 Netherlands 
224 Netherlands 

5ft 02/1507 
6ft 07/15/98 
7ft 01/1503 
8ft <0/1507 
8ft 09/1501 
5ft 09/1502 
zero 1Q0107 
7ft 04/15/10 
7ft 030105 
7 06/1505 
7ft 01/1500 
7 02/1503 
Sft 01/1504 
6ft 04/1503 
6ft 47/1508 
zero 01/1503 
8ft 02/1500 
9 05/1500 
8ft OW1507 

























































56 Franca OAT 
144 France OAT 
164 France BTAN 
190 France OAT 
212 France BTAN 
238 France OAT 
249 France BTAN 








04/2507 97.9800 
04/2504 104.1000 
07/1202 974000 
03/1601 1034250 
040506 1093500 
00/1 V99 1004250 








French Franc 

180 France OAT 7ft 

205 France OAT 6ft 

210 France OAT 6ft 

230 France OAT 7ft 

250 Fiance BTAN 4ft 

040506 11X2600 64000 
10/2503 109 3600 6.1700 
1 Q/2504 1094100 61600 
1Q0505 1163400 64600 
04/1209 101.1700 47000 

Italian Lira 

178 Italy 

6ft 03010210X8100 60600 

1 85 Morgan Gty zero 010107 124250 7J100 
217 Deutsche BK Ftn zero 1*15/26 127500 73400 

Japanese Yen 

91 MTI Capital 040 1*01071007500 04900 

194 Mitsui MblSmel 075 09/3*0) 1074000 03300 

195 MTI Capital 040 1*01071004292 04900 

204 Rolan 140 1*0*01 99.9072 14000 

216 Japan Dew Bk 6ft 090*01 120.7500 53800 

4 Brazil Cop XL 4ft 

13 Venezuela 9ft 

14 Argentina par L 5ft 

21 Brazil 10ft 

26 Argentina 9ft 

29 Mexico lift 

30 Argentina lift 

38 Brazil L FRN 6ft . 
40 Venezuela par A 6ft 
49 Argentina FRN 6ft 
52 Brazil par Zl 5ft 
54 Brazil XL FRN 6*1* 
57 Venezuela FRN 6ft 
63 Brazil FRN 6W» 
73 Venezuela par B 6ft 
75 Mexico par B 6M 
78 Russia 10 

89 Madcopor A • 6ft 

90 Brazil S2i FRN 6ft 

92 Mexico 9ft 

96 Argentina FRN 6ft 
100 Bulgaria FRN 6fti 
1*4 Canada 6ft 

110 Brazil XL FRN &*k 
112 Bulgaria FRN 6ft* 

114 DU FRN 5.984 

115 Ecuador par 3ft 

119 Poland Inter 4 

120 Turkey 10 

122 Italy FRN 5494 
T25M0dco lift 

136 Canada FRN 5M 
139 Ecuador FRN 3ft 
143 Poland FRN 6 ft. 
146 Ecuador FRN 6fti 
148Panomo Sft 

151 Italy 6ft 

156 SBC Qoc FRN X879 
159 Kellogg 6ft 

163 Mexico D FRN 6We 
165 Argentina FRN 5ft 
167Sbc Gtcder FRN 5.909 
169N Bread St FRN zero 
171 world Bank 548 
174Va11entalTsy zero 
1 75 Mesdco A FRN 6867 

181 Russia 9ft 

182 Brazil 8ft 

183 Argentina 11 

187 Mexico B FRN 6836 

191 Toyota Motor 6ft 

192 Peru 3ft 

193BGB Fin Ireland 6ft 
197EIB Zero 

199 Peru Pd! 4 

200 Korea Dew Bk 7ft 

201 Brazil XL FRN 6 ft* 

207 Bulgaria 2K 

208 Mexico par A 6ft 

Zl 3 CADES FRN 5431 
215MydfcFRN 6ft* 
220 Bankers Tr FRN 5471 
225 Mexico C FRN 682 
227 Pernor X85 

229 Brazil CDondS.L 4ft 
231 Common FRN 5494 
234ADB 672 

235 Quebec FRN 5449 
236BTMFRN 6219 
237 Mexico 9ft 

239 Philippines Fix Sft 

241 Mexico par B 6U 

242 Argentina 8ft 

244 Bayerisdie LB 6ft 

245 Philippines 6K 

247 Ontario 6 

0 * 1*01 
1 *07/16 



























B 6f U» 8 
















































The Week Ahead; World Economic Calendar, OcL 6-10 

A schedule at dug week’s ecenonuc and financial events compare far the tafemorixiaf Here*! Tntuie try Btoombvg Busttoss News. 

Asia- Pacific 

Expected Beijing: William Daley, the U.S. sec- 
ThisWeek retary of commerce, visits China. 

Tokyo: Prime Minister Chavalit 
Yongchaiyudh of Thailand visits, is 
expected to see Prime Minister Ryu- 
taro Hashimoto and executives of 
major Japanese companies. 


Pads: Conference on investment in 
Central and Eastern Europe. Lead- 
ing finance and banking officials 
from Latvia, Estonia, Belarus, 

Czech Republic, Croatia, Moldova, 
Albania. Ukraine, Hungary, Mace- 
donia and Ukraine participate. Thurs- 
day and Friday. 


Lake Buena Vista, Florida: “Sym- 
posiunVfTxpo '97: The Future ot IT" 
Speakers indude Bill Gates of Mi- 
crosoft Corp., Michael Dell of Dell 
Computer Corp., Scott McNealy of 
Sun Microsystems Inc. end James 
Barksdale of Netscape Communi- 
cations Corp. . 

Monday Manila: September inflation figures. 
Oct. 6 Taipei: Consumer price index tor 

Tokyo: Japan Automobile Importers 
Association releases September im- 
port figures. 

Moscow: London Club of commer- 
cial bank creditors scheduled to 
sign agreement restructuring $35 bil- 
lion of debt 

Paris: France Telecom investors 
must confirm their offers for shares. 

New York: Japan Society hosts 
meeting. Makoto loWbe, professor 
of political and diplomatic history at 
Kobe University, speaks about 
Japan's policy toward East Asia. 
Ottawa: Statistics Canada releases 
August buikfing’-permit figures. 

Tuesday Taipei: Trade data for September. 
Oct 7 Tokyo: Machine Tool Builders As- 
sociation reports on orders for Au- 

Nuremberg: Federal Labor Office 
releases September unemployment 

Rome: August trade figures. 

Wednesday Tokyo: Central Japan Railway Co. 

lists shares on the first section of 
the Tokyo Stock Exchange. 

Tokyo: Electronic Industry Associ- 
ation releases figures on domestic 
shipments of TVs and videocassette 
recorders lor August. 

Copenhagen: July current account 
and trade balance. 

Prague: September consumer 

Sao Paulo: Automakers association 
announces September production 
and sales figures. 


Oct 9 

Sydney: September employment 

Tokyo: Bankers' federation releas- 
es figures on bank deposits and lend- 
ing for September and the first half 
of the fiscal year. 

Frankfurt Bundesbank policy coun- 
cil meets to set Interest rates. 

Paris: Government, union and em- 
ployer representatives hold jobs 

Mexico City: Central bank releases 
September inflation data. Finance 
Ministry releases August trade bal- 

Ottawa: Statistics Canada releases 
August vehicle sales. 


Oct. 10 

Bangkok: Last day for 16 closed 
finance companies to submit reha- 
bilitation plans. 

Manila: Financial Executives Insti- 
tute holds a special meeting to dis- 
cuss the outlook for the peso and 
interest rates. 

Prague: Final August Industrial out- 
put figures. 

Rome: Transportation Ministry re- 
leases September new-car registra- 

Stockholm: September unemploy- 
ment figures. 

Ottawa: Statistics Canada releases 
new housing price index for August 
Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports producer price index for 

Why Treasury Issues Are Riding High 

278Wortd Bank 4ft 060000 110*000 4*900 
228 Exlm Bk Japan 2ft 070*05 1066750 26900 

Portuguese Escudo 

123 Boo Inv lm FRN zero 120*06 110.1500 

Spanish Peseta 

142 Spain 735 0*3107 11X1450 66700 

152 Spain 7.90 020*02 110*960 7.1600 

154 Spain 6ft 04/1500 1044180 64600 

232 Spain 5 010101 98.7010 5*700 

Swedish Krona 

11 010109107.7120102100 
10ft 050500 111.9560 9.1600 
8 0*1*07 1126240 7*900 
5ft 04/1202 996500 56200 
10ft 0*0503 121.1280 84600 

4 A’WQ 



By Timothy Middleton 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Correctly anticip- 
ating that interest rates would decline 
this year, Steve Savage took a plunge 
into the riskiest type of government bond 
mutual funds — and it paid off. 

“When rates got down to 630 per- 
cent, I was up 30 percent,” said the 
investor, who is also editor of the- Value 
Line Mutual Fond Survey newsletter. 

Long-term interest rates did not stay 
that low, rising to 6.39 percent at foe end 
of the third quarter. But that still 
provided handsome profits for those 
who, like Mr. Savage, took big risks and 
good returns for investors in the less 
exciting, less risky, more typical bond 
funds. Rates slipped a gain to just below 
630 percent by me end of last week on 
reassuring U.S. economic reports. 

The average mnmai fund that invests 
strictly in U.S. Treasury securities re- 
turned 9.5 percent in foe year that ended 
Tuesday, according to Upper Analytical 
Services. That is not . much by some 
standards: Funds that invest in a mix of 
U.S. stocks were up 32 percent 

But while for more money goes into 
stock mutual funds than into bond funds, 
foe latter. group seems to be gaining 
appeal after years of watching cash move 
to the greener pastures of equities. 

. Over foe past couple of months. 
Treasury-only bond funds have seen 
good cash flows, said Robert Adler, 
president of AMG Data Services. 
1 ‘Clearly, Treasury-only funds are the 
beneficiary of some reallocation that 
may be occurring from stock, funds,” he 
said. Various industry data indicate that 

foe quarter just ended will be the first one 
since 1993 in which government bond 
funds had a net inflow of cash. 

Far most bond investors, there are two 
main types of risk. The first, known as 
credit risk, is the risk that foe borrower 
will not pay. Buying government se- 
curities eliminates that concern. The 
second is interest-rate risk, reflecting the 
feet that existing bonds will fall in price if 
interest rates rise. In general, the longer 
the term of the bond, foe greater that risk. 


The flip ride, of coarse, is that if rates fall, 
foe value of existing bonds will rise. That 
is what has happened in foe past year. 

Stock fund investors, on foe other 
hand, always face foe risk that foe entire 
market could collapse, as happened 
briefly almost 10 years ago. Watching 
foe recent climb in stock prices, some 
recent buyers of bond fluids may be 
fearing a repeat of that scenario. 

But many fixed-income analysts say 
bonds arc particularly attractive right 
now regardless of what one thinks about 
foe stock market and that government 
bonds are the favorite. 

“I’ve been in foe market for 17 years, 
and I’ve never seen a better market for 
bonds than foe one that exists today,'' said 
Robert Kapito, vice chairman of Black- 
rock Financial Management He said 
"the high-quality bonds, the government 
bonds” probably would be foe best per- 
formers over the next few months. 

Mr. Kapito, whose firm runs foe Com- 
pass Capital mutual funds, cites four 
reasons that foe bond market is strong 
and likely to remain so for some time: 

• Rate increases seem highly un- 
likely, as foe Federal Reserve Board 
appears satisfied that the current level of . 
U.S. economic growth will not ignite 
serious inflation. 

• The dollar is strong, attracting in- . 
texnational investors who prefer Treas- 
ury issues to corporate debt 

• The shrinking federal budget deficit 
requires less issuance of new bonds. . 
driving up the value of existing ones. 

• Spreads between Treasury and other 
bonds, from gilt-edged corporate to junk 
and .emerging-market debt, are among 
foe narrowest in recent history, so in- 
vestors do not have to give up as much - 
yield to enjoy the freedom from credit* 
risk that Treasury securities offer. 

David Homer, a senior financial 
strategist at Merrill Lynch & Co., said be 
would not be surprised to see long-term ■ 
rates fall below 5 percent " 

■ Prospect of Rate Rise Recedes 

Even bond bears are coming around to . 
foe view that foe Fed won't raise interest ; 
rates soon after a report Friday showed ; 
the economy added fewer jobs than ex- - 
pec ted last month, Bloomberg News re- j 
ported from New York. 

“This probably pats the Fed on bold ‘ 
through toe rest of the year,” said Robert 
Airwaerto-, who helps manage $78 billion , 
in fixed-income securities for Vanguard 
Group in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania 

Bond prices ended tittle changed last . 
week, however, as an increase in tensions 
in foe Middle East sent oil prices surging, , 
overshadowing foe jobs report. The yield 
on the benchmark 30-yearTreasuiy bond 
finished at 6.29 percent, compared with* 
636 percent a week earlier. * 

Buenos Aires: Trade figures for Au- 

Mexico City: Central bank releases 
foreign-reserve levels. 

Washington: Federal Reserve Sys- 
tem reports August consumer credit 

■' a „ 

■ ■ 

■ ■ . 

new invernanonai none issues 

Compiled by Laurence Desvilettes 


UnMii nil 








. Tern 

Floating Rate Notes 

Bank of Western Australia 






B«tow3-<nonte Libor. Noocotoble prteota ptacoment. Foes 0.10%. Dmomtaafions S100000. 
(Mocgrai Stanley InHJ 

First Security Bank 






OmrXmontti Libor. NoncaRobta. F«s 020%. (Dartadw Morrjtw GrwtteflJ 

Platinum Conunerool Loan 
Master Trust 



issue spate 4 teunches. motoring In 20CO ora) 2004 poytag 0.13 to 0J0 tnr 3-mortJiUbo*- 
tonmge nte 2*3 to 564 yams. Prfrate ptoceraate. Faea 0275 Jo U2S9L (GoMmsn Socte InHJ 

PNC Bank 






Oma+oonth Libor. Noftotriobte. Fees 020%. DenonUnoHmsKMOa. (Gotamra Soths lnri.1 







Ovwl2-mortti Lbor. Nonoaflitele.FeKX15%.OeitaminirionsS1(U)Oa. (SocieteGeneraleJ 

WGZ Ireland 






Ow3-mrrtb Ubor. NoncaBabta. Few 0.15ft. (OpramerzbanU 

Rock Funding 





Otcr3-awrlh Plxir. Awraoe Bte 14S yens. Also two ISD^nlSon ftana natete paying .0135 and 
021 ovraPtaorraspedlvely. Fees 0.1SSL {QHbankinfU 

Bayerisdie Vereinsbank 





tetaiestiril be 040 owr^monte Ubor unffl 2008 when tone b arioMe ot per, itwreolterffnft. 
Fungtate wWi oetetandlag tain raising taM amount to Wt bMon Bre. Few 2ft. tCrwfita 

EXE Finance 





Wert5twfflb»1t»3-monB»LJbor.Raoffera«)a)por.NoncoOoWe.F«e»069K>. UP. Morgan 


Abbey National Treasury 

5300 ■ 





Reolteed 0t9948 Noncailable.F8as1ftl%.{5BCWarbuipJ " 

Brtflsh Columbia 






ScratannuoOy. Nonariabte private piaoaMnt Fe« 020ft. (YtemOcN IntU 






— ' 

Sefflfimnwriy- NoocaDoUe. Faa OJSft. Ojaterm Broteeis IrOL) 

Mosenergo Finance 






Sawtannooey. NancaflaMe. Fees 1ft. (Satamon Bririrers IrrtU 

Pycsa Panama 






Senrionnuafly. Nonariabte private plooemenL Fees 3W3fc.(CS First BostoaJ - 

Tatneff Finance 






SecriOTMaft.NanaaObte. Fees \ft. tDresdnerraeinwwU 

World Bank 






Calotte at par ban 1998. Faa 2%. tBordoys deZoeteWeddJ 

WesBand Utrecht 

Hypottieken Bank 






Reoftend <09974 Noncnflobte. Foes 3ft. 0 NG Barinss3 

31 Group 






NanaAiMe. Fees 035ft. (HSBC MarinriO 

Asset Backed Capital 






NsnaAibte. Fees 0273ft. (BoarSfeonis IrOlj 

BBV inh Finance 






Roorfeted at99689. NoncoBabte. Fees 2%. (Monraa Slanley lr#t) 






taterest wM be 9ft «nW 1999, thereafter 7%. Reoflered at 99ft. Noncaflable. Issw may be 
radenandnated In euras after EMU and uril be fondle will outstaiHSnstem&iatsIngtaM 1 

anovnlta 1.1 tfflton Bra. Fees iteft, (Bamjae Paribov) 

BGB Finance 





Intertst aril be a fted TDft unfll 1999> ttwieofler 16ft less Mce tee<rii Ubor. Reofteivd 
at97ft.Noaailotte.FMS 2ft (CariptaJ 

World Bank 



70% 100465 


IrMmtwtabe IDftft inriMW^ ttioncrfterldft ten twice tee J2-«onft> Libor. Reoflered at 

98H. NoneoflaMe. Foss IWft. (Banco CommoRMe ttnaanaj 

Lease Asset Backed 






SNS Bank Nederland 






itaoWared si 999S3L HwcaWte. Fe»2%. IABN-AMRO HooreGcwdU 

Inti Finance Corp. 






YleM 1X79%. Rearisred rt471%. NonadlaWe. Proceeds 98 mfflioa nmd. Fees 039ft (JJ». 
Morgan SecortBwJ 

Work) Bank 






^ 13.07%, Rwflend alXll Nonariabie. Praeeeds Sr mffian rand. Fees 040ft. Nominal 
ramnt taa«nedtajm2 bfflion rand, toerischc Morgai GranfeXj 


Daewoo Corp. 





Redsemabfe at 1 3963 in 20(0. Cornriritele at 6*81 won per stnift a 0% ererriura. Fees not 
owBobte. fBorokrys deZoeteWoddJ 

Last Week's Markets 


Stock Indexes 

Money Rates 

Uriftd State 




SAP 100 


SI Find 












Septa* ftCtfga 
7,92118 +14/ 




Prime rota 
Federal funds rate 

00.3 Sept2& 
560 560 





94520 +2.10 

1,10533 +163 





GoB money 
3-iHfflPh interbank 

1 225 



tissa£ as 

Ho do Sang 

_ — — irate 
Cal money 
3-mon8i interbank 

Intenwrisn rate 
Cal money 
Smooth Mata* 

1764745 17,99431 -1.93 

533060 522620 +2*0 

7*8550 5971 JO +164 

1094*1 198563 +lfl 

427371 4*8078 +4.73 ^ 

3-monte Interta* 

15128*2 14,710*7 +2*4 


97060 95586 +166 London wn.fl*_S 


Wtete Mr (tarn Morgan Stanley GoaMfaNAaZiKdfte. 

060 060 

038 044 

048 064 

7*0 7*0 

7ft TV* 

7ft 7ft 

X10 X10 

3fts 3ft. 

3ft Vf* 

460 450 

U 2X 

Od.3 5ept2S%Origo 

331 JO 32446 + T 65 

Eurobond Yields 

«■» tesrite Ytmv 

U*. 4 tang terra 647 660 7*9 447 

UXlmdraterai 6.17 426 584 509 

U6.8 ri>orttem 5*7 X99 461 595 

Pounds sterlns 690 7.11 773 6*0 

Frandifoga 495 4*6 56S 464 

ttofeo Brc 567 564 779 579 

DorMitaWW XS3 554 5*3 526 

Swtfsftkrenor 522 506 561 482 

ECO*, toira term 568 5*2 642 574 

ECUs, rndra term 532 , 530 553 478 
Can. 3 546 565 451 546 

ft os. 5 534 £55 764 559 

Nil 721 7.1 S 839 6*6 

Yen 128 143 2.15 128 

jflprar U iMH ftou ipsteefca aftw SA. 

Weekly Sates 



CaMBk EarecW” 

8 Mens S MM 
ShrigWs 3046 351.7 9292 1J7 j 

Convert. — 242 j; 

FRN* 1,120* 12914 14774 « 

1X291* 142007 WAfiU ll.jS 
fatal 146147 15843* 19,1 19* 1344 
Secondary Marist 

jsssni nsssr 

■ . * N« * h, 

SjrAflMs2&694d' 348349 09380* 3 X 39 ; 
OWjert. 8388 8624 8W82 3 j£S 

S2* 113124 480351 IS46{ 

if jfll K* 06 * 324597 343* 
Total 694696 5941 8417X9736 B 4 SqJ 
Scarcer EwDcteec Mel Sank. 

Libor Rates 

UXS Site SV» 

Oedsdienari 3tt Sft 

Povna waring 7ft - 7v» 

Seorau: Ltayrii Sari. Renters. 

Sft FreraJl bone 
3ft. ECU 
Tfk Yon 




■H 3L 

■r tt 


SufTPillltf Greenspan 

tirges Caution 

On Bank Law 


BOSTON Alan Greenspan 
saui Sunday that policymakers 
should move dimly when lowering 
the legal walk that separate US 
hunks and noufinaneial companies' 

’’If we dramatically change the 
rules mw about banking and com- 
merce, wuh what is great uncertainty 
about future synergies between fi- 
nance and nonfinance, we may well 
end updoing more harm than good.” 
Mr. Greenspan. chairman of the U S 
Federal Reserve Board, joid. 

“We are likely to find it im- 
possible to correct our errors 
promptly, if at all." he warned in an 
address prepared for delivery to the 
lAmmean Bankers Association's 
Tuuuial — * ■ ~ 

Riding 1{ 

.ft V , 


> iv . 


■ w ‘ 'i 


'• *T*. 






» ini. 

• • v-.x • 


JliW il 

conference in Boston. 

s Congress is again struggling to 
. j overhaul the Depression-era laws 
i ’jl that govern die banking industry A 
* i[ key issue is how far to go in allowing 
tanks to own nonfmancial commer- 

cial companies and vice versa.' 
Mr. G recast 

jreenspan's text made no 
mention of the state erf the U.S. econ- 
omy, financial markets or the Fed’s 
interest-rate policy. 

He predicted that the walls be- 
tween different financial sectors 
would Fall. “Change will, I believe, 
ultimately occur because the pres- 
sures unleashed by technology, 
globalization and deregulation have 
inexorably eroded the traditional in- 
stitutional differences among finan- 
cial firms.” he said. 


PAGE 15 

A Pay off for Those Who Could Whit 

By Edward Wyatt 

_ fay fori Times Service 

Pa!d^ck? 0RK D ° es remember 

st00t ^ as a ^otossus in the 
mutual-fund industry, boasting, as manager of 
2 e “S m g° Communications & Information 
nind. the best investment returns among all 
ninds over the previous one, five and 10 

Funds Trail the S&P 

■One of the best domestic performers in the 


-Alb. • 

JS*!^** peerless performance attracted 
billion from new investors in 1995 — four 


times the assets already in the fund Mr. Wick 

rouanivl V...: > . 

reverted to being a mere mortal A slump in 
25 percent off tl 

New Tork Tones Service 

NEW YORK — Among the 10 American 
stock binds that performed best in the year 
ended Sept. 30, 1 987, only three have managed 
to beat the Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index 
over the past decade. 

Of the seven that underperformed the S&P 
500, three have been merged out of existence. 

The picture is even bleaker for die top 10 
funds overall in that year just ’before the stock 
market’s 22.6 percent tumble on Oct. 19, 1987. 
Gold funds were die stars then, benefiting from 
inflation fears. The only nongold entry among 
the top 10, DFA United Kingdom Small Co. 



most recent quaner was BT Investment Small 
Cap, managed by Bankers Trust. 

In August 1996, Mary Dugan and Timothy 
Woods were given the task of filling the shoes 
of Mary Usanti as stewards of die BT Small 
Cap fund after Ms. Usanti left Bankers Trust to 
join Strong Funds in Milwaukee. 

Two weeks before she announced her de- 
parture, she was ranked as the No. 1 fund 
manager in the country by Barron’s Financial 
Weekly, partly on the basis of the 32 percent 
average annual gains recorded by the Small 
ap fund 


oyer the previous three years. When 
she departed, so aid thousands of investors, 

returned an average 4.2 percent a year Over the 
, far below the average American 

technology stocks lopped 25 percent off the 
rand s value, and cash that had been str eamin g 
into the fund began flowing out again last 

Stock indexes have tripled over the past 10 years, 
Seugman shareholders who stuck around, while gold has fallen more than 25 percent 
however, have reaped ample rewards. Over die 

10 mAntWc f 1 n /v. 

past decade, 

stock fund biit better than any of the gold funds. 

12 months ended in September, the Cotxunu- 
ion fund rose 58.6 percent. 

mentions & Information t , 

including more than 24 percent in the most 
recent quarter, making it one of the best per- 
formers among all stock funds in each period. 

Seligman is but one of several equity funds 
that, after being written off by thousands of 
investors during last year’s slump in small-cap 
stocks, re-emerged in recent mo nths as .a top 

The turnarounds have come as s mall er 
stocks, and the funds that specialize in them, 
have reasserted their dominance over blue-chip 
stocks and index funds. According to Morn- 
ings tar Inc., the Chicago-based fund-tracking 
company, more than go percent of the funds 
that invest primarily in American slocks, many 
of them the shares of smaller companies, out- 
paced the Standard & Poor’s index of 500 large 
stocks in the third quarter. 

Tbe average domestic U.S. equity fund 

gained 10.9 percent in die three months ended 
in September, compared with a gain of 75 
percent, including reinvested dividends, for the 
S&P 500. 

Combined with their 14.2 percent gain in the 
second quarter, domestic stock funds have put 

together their first back-to-back double-digit 


quarterly gains in more than a decade. Over the 
past 12 months, however, the average Amer- 
ican stock fund, which gained 3 1.8 percent, still 

* lAperce 

trails the S&P’s total return of 40.4 percent 
International stock funds manag ed a gain of 
0.8 percent, on average, in the quarter, although 
diversified global funds gain ed nearly 5 per- 
cent Tbe former, group’s performance was 
dragged down by heavy losses among port- 
folios concentrated in Pacific Basin markets 
such as Thailand and Japan. Over the past year, 
international funds have fared much better, 
gaming 17.8 percent on average. 

along with $47 million of die fund’s $245 
million in assets. 

As the new managers took over, small stocks 
were in a deep slump — the fund lost 24 percent 
of its value from September 1996 through 
March of this year, compared with a decline of 
0.3 percent in tbe Russell 2000 index of small- 
company stocks. 

Since then, however, BT Small Cap has 
come roaring back, along with the small-cap 
market The fund gained 30.1 percent in the 
most recent quarter and 55.2 percent in the most 
recent six months. 

“There’s really not a lot of difference in tbe 
fund since before Tim and I took over,” Ms. 
Dugan said. “We had worked for three to four 
years as part of the team that managed die fund, 
and we nave stuck with the process that has 
always worked — looking at companies that 
trade at a discount to their growth rate with 
accelerating earnings, low debt and good cash 

A shareholder of BT Small Cap who stayed 
pat when Ms. l-iamri left the fund would have 
earned 18 percent over the past 12 months — 
nearly three times the 6J. percent return during 
the same period for the Strong S mall Cap fund 
that Ms. l-isanii took over in late August 1996. 

At Strong. Ms. lisanti said, “there's no 
question we bad a bit of a rough start.” 


Kia Refuses to Bow to Creditors 

SEOUL (Reuters) — Kia Group said Sunday it would not 
Accept a recommendation by creditors to seek court re- 
ceivership for its two caimaking units by a Monday deadline 
set by the creditors. 

“There’s no change in our stance, a spokesman for the 
conglomerate said. “We are still seeking special protection.” 

iGa Group applied last month for court protection from 
creditors for its flagship Kia Motors Corp. and 10 other units. 
Special court protection would allow the businesses to res- 
chedule debts and keep their current manag ers. Kia s creditors 
are p ressing for court receivership, which would result in tbe 
appoin tment of new managers. 

Greece Sets Sale of State Oil Firm 

ATHENS (Bloomberg) — Greece has approved the sale to 
investors of 20 percent of Public Petroleum Corp., the national 
petroleum-products company and refinery operator, to raise as 
much as $285 million. 

The stake in die company, known as DEP, would be sold to 
domestic and foreign investors, the government said, in its 
largest sale of state assets since the privatization of 1 2 percent 

of Hellenic Telecommunications Organization in June. 

Failed Satellite Halts India Trading 

BOMBAY (Bloomberg) — The National Stock Exchange 
will be closed until Thursday because of tbe failure of tbe 
satellite that it uses for electronic trading. 

The government told the exchange that the satellite, the 
IN SAT- 2D, had stopped tr ansmitting data. It is expected to 
take until Thursday to switch the exchange’s trading network 
to another satellite. Trading was disrupted Friday after many 
exchange members lost contact with the trading system. 

Official Warns of German Inflation 

' FRANKFURT (Reuters) — Edgar Meister, a Bundesbank 
council member, said Sunday that German inflation was going 
in the wrong direction and that the country’s phase of low 
interest rates appeared to be over. 

Mr. Meister said in a radio interview that the drop in 
Western German inflation to a 1.8 percent annual rare in 
September from 2.0 percent in August, based on preliminary 
figures, represented no change in the recent trend. 

RUSSIANS: Low Prices and Confidence in Capitalism Fired Stock-Market Fever , but Can It Last? 

Kuwait Oil Union Threatens Strike 

Continued from Page 1 

Russian stocks. Moscow's top ho- 
tels are swarming with Western 
bankers, brokers and dealmakers. 

“Almost every major emerging- 
market slock fund is here.” said 

Dirk Damrau. head of research at 
Renaissance Capital Group, one of 
Moscow’s biggest investment 
firms. “Anyone who was in Latin 
America or Asia or Central Europe 
is now here." 

The boom has been driven by two 
things: a conviction (hat Mr. 
Yeltsin's economic changes are 
making Russia safe for capitalism 
and. more opportunistically, the lure 
of incredibly cheap assets — the 
upshot of privatization plans that 

bore little resemblance to capitalism 
as practiced in tbe West 

Russian companies control some 
of the world's bi gg est oil reserves, 
its biggest supplier of natural gas, its 
biggest nickel and platinum mines 
ana thousands of huge if decrepit 
factories. Yet even today, the com- 
bined stock value of Russia’s 50 
biggest companies is less than $150 
billion — about the same as that of 
Exxon Corp. or Coca-Cola Co. 

The big debate is over whether 
Russia is still cheap after this leap in 
its stock prices. Many investors ac- 
knowledge that the easy money has 
already been made. But they dis- 

shocking state of disrepair, needing 
either billions of dollars of recon- 
struction aid or outright demoli- 
‘ non. 

Only a few companies report 
audited financial results; many re- 
prat almost nothing at all. And many 
stocks trade so rarely that h can take 
weeks to buy or sell them. 

Many Russian companies are 
very real — and huge. The money 
pouring into Russian stocks has 
come overwhelmingly from invest- 
ment funds whose investors come 
from Wall Street, London. Hong 
Kong and elsewhere. While Russia 
remains too wild for most mutual 
funds or for institutional investors 
such as insurance companies, its 
sheer immensity has marfg it im- 

possible to ignore. Still, the stock 
boom here is curiously disconnected 
from tbe real economy. Most of the 
trading is between offshore hedge 
funds. Little money has actually 
flowed into the companies them- 
selves because only a handful have 
raised capital by selling new 

So how surreal is investing in 
Russia? Consider Unified Energy 
System, the country’s main electric 
utility and its most active stock. Its 
shares soared nearly 500 percent, 
from 7 cents to 40 cents, after the 
company reported a modest profit 
for last year on revenue of about 
$1.7 billion. But dial reported rev- 
enue includes several hundred mil- 
lion dollars' in unpaid customer bills 

— and investors do not know how 
much is unpaid or whether Unified 
Energy System will be able to col- 
lect much of the money. 

Or consider AvtoVaz. which ac- 
counts for 70 percent of all car pro- 
duction in Russia. Despite tough 
import restrictions that protect it 
from competition, the company re- 
ported a loss of $442 million for last 
year and owes $500 milli on in back 
taxes. Its cars roll out of the factory 
with an average of 42 defects each 
and are widely loathed by Russian 

But the stock has climbed tenfold, 
from $1.60 to $16 in the past year, 
because investors do not believe that 
the government will shut down the 

KUWAIT (Bloomberg) — The Association of Oil Unions 
of Kuwait threatened Sunday to call a full-scale strike by oil 
export terminal workers after talks with Kuwait National 
Petroleum Co. broke down. 

“Today's talks were an absolute failure.” said Sand Far- 
han, a spokesman for the union, which was holding a board 
meeting Sunday evening. 

• Members Of the governing Labor Party in New South 
Wales rejected a proposal to sell the state’s electricity industry 
that could have generated as much as 25 billion Australian 
dollars ($ 1 8. 19 billion) for the state. 

• China plans to invest 60 billion yuan ($7.22 billion) in- an 
electricity-distribution network from the planned Three 
Gorges dam, an official newspaper said. 

• Malaysia posted a trade surplus of 1-2 billion ringgit 
($355.9 million) in August, helped by a drop in the country's 
currency. The surplus followed deficits of 900 million ringgit 
in July and 2.8 billion ringgit June. 

• Continental Airlines Inc.’s pilots union have rejected the 
latest contract offer from the carrier. Bloomberg, ap. Reuters 




PAGE 14 

PAGE 18 



I Invesl 

§400 --- — 


Source: Btoorr 

Very t 


eral Motor* 
approval T 
largest def< 
for a comi 
of any of t 
sidered to l 

Ford I 

in souther 
cosur free 
The nei 
would be 
would brii 
in Brazil l 

• MobilC 
of Gennai 
in Venezu 
nation's C 

• U.S. fa< 
strong dra 
mercial ai 

• Fujitsu 
Inc-, havi 
ent violai 


The top 
up to th 






Mexico thrashed El Sal- 
vador 5-0 Sunday in a World 
Cup qualifying match. 

Benjamin Galindo scored 
twice for Mexico as it won 
comfortably in front of a 

World CupSocceb 

crowd of 120,000 in Mexico 
City to go top of the final 
regional qualifying group. 

Jamaica, which gained a 1- 
1 tie with the United Stares in 
Washington on Friday, is 
second and the United States 
third, a point ahead of El Sal- 
vador which has played one 
game more. The top three 
teams in the group advance. 

Japanese officials dis- 
missed the national team 
manager, Shu Kamo, after a 
1-1 draw with Kazakstan. 

Japanese Football Associ- 
ation officials made the de- 
cision after the match in Al- 
maty on Saturday, with 
Japan's hopes for its first 
World Cup berth hanging by a 

"I believe this move is the 
best way to turn things 
around,” said Ken Na ganum a, 
the JFA president. Takeshi 
Okada. the assistant national 
team coach, will take control 
of the team, which plays in 
Uzbekistan on Saturday. 

Naganuma said JFA offi- 
cials were disappointed in 
substitutions made by Kamo 
in all four qualifying gamas 
and in the team's squandering 
leads to South Korea last week 
and to Kazakstan in the final 
seconds of play Saturday. 

Japan, which will stage the 
2002 World Cup with South 
Korea, is third place in Asian 
zone Group B. South Korea 
beat die United Arab Emirates, 
3-0, in Seoul and leads the 
group- (My the top two teams 
have a chance of qualifying for 
die finals. ( Reuters . AP) 

Cnmpdedby OtrShtfFn tn Dbptarha 

Patrik Berger scored a hat-trick Sun- 
day as Liverpool overwhelmed visiting 
Chelsea, 4-2, in the English premier 

The game swung Liverpool’s way in 
the 26th minute when, with the score at 
1-1, the Chelsea defender Bernard Lam- 
bouerde was sent off. 

Berger, who scored twice when Liv- 
erpool beat Chelsea, 5-1, at Airfield last 
season, had put Liverpool ahead in the 

Soccer Rounddp 

20th minute with his first goal of the ’ 
season — a cool lob over Ed de Goey, . 
the Chelsea goalie. 

Two minutes later Gianfranco Zola 
brought Chelsea level with a contro- 
versial score after Marie Hughes flattened 
the Liverpool defender Bjorn Tore 
Kvarme, leaving Zola dear to round 
David James, the Liverpool goalie. 

It was Zola's last contribution to the 
game. Ruud Gullitt, the Chelsea man- 
ager, removed the Italian striker and 
came on himself to play in central defense 
after Lambourde was sent off. It was 
Gullitt’s first appearance since March. 

He could do little about Berger's 
second in the 35th minute. The Czech 
broke clear on the left and scored with a 
low shot In the 57th minute, Berger 
collected a long ball and scored with 
ease. Robbie Fowler scored Liverpool's 
fourth before Gustavo Poyet scored 
from a penalty. 

On Saturday, Dennis Bergkamp 
scored the first two goals as Arsenal, the 
Premier League leader, overwhelmed 
stragglers Barnsley, 5-0. The loss 
pushed Barnsley into last place. 

Arsenal remained a point clear .of 
champion Manchester United, which 
beat Crystal Palace in Manchester, 2-0. 

Netherlands Brian Landrup scored 
the only goal of the match after 12 
minutes as Ajax gained its ninth victory 
in nine league games, beating Willem H 
Tilburg on Sunday, 1-0. 

Second-place PSV Eindhoven had 
closed the gap Saturday with a 3-1 vic- 
tory at home to third-place Heerenveen. 

Germany Bayern Munich kept tire 
pressure on leader Kaiserslautern by win- 
ning at Bochum, on Saturday, 3-2. 

The German champion stayed second, 
two points behind promoted Kaiser- 
slautern, which won at I860 Munich on 



Majow League Playoffs 



Aflnnta 110 000 110-4 I 2 

Hinton 000 U00 100-1 3 1 

Smottr cmd J. Lopec Reynolds, R_ Springer 
(7). T. Martin (ffl, R-Gardo (81, Magna rite fW 
and Ausmus. Pena (91. W— Smote 1-0 
L— Reynolds 0-1. HRs— Attaitn ChJones 
(11. Houston Carr (11. 

(Atlanta wins series 3-0) 

Florida 000 004 020-0 10 2 

San Francisco 000 101 000—2 7 0 

LFemandH, Cook (8), Nen (0) and C 

Johnson; Alvarez. Tovarez (7), R. Hernandez 
Iff). RJtodriguez (8). Beck IB) and B. John- 
son. W—A. Fernandez 1-0. L— Alvarez 0-1. 
HRs — Florida a Write (1). San Francfaca 
Ken)2 GO. 

(Florida Hfns series 3-0) 



Seattle 001 >10 002-4 II 0 

Rtottmore 000 000 003—2 S 0 

Fassens Stocumb (9) and Da-WRson Key. 
Mills (5). Rhodes (A), TeJUattrews (9) and 
HoOes, W-Fassera, 1-0. L— Key, 0-1. 
HRs— Seattle; Buhner (2), Sorrento (11. 
(Battfanm toads scries 2*1) 

How York 101 400 000-4 4 1 

Qt f elte d 010 000 000—1 S I 

DWefcond Gknrdb Nagy, Ogeo (41 and S. 
Alomar. W— O, Wells 1-0. L— Nogy 0-1. 
HR — New York, CTNeffl (2). 

(Now York toads Mftos 2-1) 

Japanese Leagues 

Daiei L SeOiu 3 
Orix 5. Kintetsu 1 



































Ctnmkhl 58 

x<8nched tongue Ittte 


76 1 

































Nippon Ham 












x-dlncried league Bite 


Hiroshima 6. Yomiuri 13 
Henshln m Yokohama, ppd. rdti 
KWotSu V. Ortxl 
DaW 4 Setau 16 innings, ndn 

HORSlrin Z Yakut! 1 
Yamkiri 7, Hiroshima 0 
Yakohamo 2. ChunkM 1 


• Major College Scores 

Brown 45. Ford ham 14 
Bvcknefl 24, Harvard 20 
Dartmouth 24. Cornel 20 
Dekwwe 49. Boston U. 17 
Georgia Tech 41 Boston CoBege 14 
Laforette 31 , Columbia 3 
New Hampshire 21 Massachusetts 10 
Northeastern 31 WMam & Maty 12 
Penn 26. Taman U 
Princeton 21, Holy Cross 7 
Syracuse 55, East Carolina 0 
Temple 17. Pittsburgh 13 
West VkgMn 4& Rutgeis 0 
Auburn 73, South Carolina 6 
Ctemsan 39. Tean-EI Paso 7 
Florida 5& Ariumsas 7 
Florida St. 47. Miami 0 
Georgia 47, Mississippi St 0 
Kentucky 4a Alabama 34 OT 
LSU 7, Vanderbilt* 

Lotostaia Tech 41, CalRoroia 34 
Maryland 14 Duke 10 
Miami. Ohio 34 Virginia Tech 17 
Tennessee 31. Mississippi 17 
Tulatie 47, Army 0 
Virginia 21. Wake Forest 13 
Kansas 21 Oklahoma 17 
Michigan 37. Indiana 0 
Middgan 51.31. Minnesota 10 
Missouri 45, Iowa St 21 
Nebraska 54 Kansas SL 24 
PeroiSt.41, IPmot.6 
Wisconsin 2A Northwestern 25 
Gram bfi ng SI. 33. Prairie View 4 
North CaroSna 31, Texas Christian 10 
Oklahoma St 41 Texas 16 

Rice 42, Tulsa 24 

Texas Tech 35^ Baylor 14 
Air Force 1 7, Citadel 3 
Arizona 31, San Diego SL 2B 
Colorado St 61 Hawaii 0 
Oregon St. 24 San Jose St. 12 
Sou1hem Co< 31 UNLV 21 
Stanford 31 Notre Dame IS 
Taros ASJM 14 Colorado 10 
UCLA 64 Houston 10 
Washington 24 Arizona SL 14 
Washington st. 74 Oregon 13 
Wyoming 21 Montano 13 

Top 25 College Resulsts 

Haw the tap 25 toon In Trio Associated 
Prose' Coflego football poB hmS tart metric 

No. 1 Florida (5-b) beat Arkansas 56-7. 
Next: at No. 13 LSU. Set. NolI Pe o n Stat u (4- 
S) beat IIDnais 41 -4 Next: us. No. 7 Ohio State 
Sat No. 3 Nebraska (441) beolNo. 17 Kansas 
Slate 56-24 Noxt: at Baylor, Sal. No. 4 Florida 
State (4-0 beat Mkrni 47-0. Next at Duke. 
Sat. No. S North Carolina (5-8) beat Texas 

Christian 31-10. Next Wake Forest SaL 
No. 6 Mldrigan 144) beat Indtanp 37-0. 
Next: Northwestern SaL No. 7 ONo Stale (5- 
0) beat No. 1 1 tovra 23-7. Next at Na 2 Penn 
State Sat. No. S Aetwrn (5-0) beat Sooth 
Coro bra 23-4 Next us. Louisiana Tedv Sat 
No. 9 TeanesMO (3-1) beatMissisaippI 31 -1 7. 
Noxt vs. No. IB Georgia SaL No. 10 Wash- 
ington £3-1) heat Na. 25 Arizona State 26-14. 
Next at CoBfarate SaL 
Nn.ll Iowa {4-DlasttoNa 70hto State 23- 
7 Next at Na« Michigan, Oct. II Na 12 
Michigan State (441 beat Minnesota 31-1 a 
Next, at Indiana SaL Na 13 LSU (4-11 beat 
Vanderbilt 7-4 Next k; Na 1 Florida SaL 
Na 14 Virginia Ter* (4-11 latoto Miami Ohio 
34-17. Next vs. Boston College. Sat. Na 15 
Washington Stale (54) beat Oregon 24-13. 
Next vs. California Oct 18. 

Na 16 Colorado (2-2) lost toNa 21 Texas 
A&M 16-10. Next at Okkdmiu State SaL Na 
17 Kansas State (3-1) tost to Na. 3 Nebraska 
56-24 Next vs. Missouri SaL Na IBGeangla 
(44) beat Mississippi State 47-0. Next at No. 
9 Tennessee. 5aL Na 19 Stanford (4-1) beat 
Notre Dame 33-15. Next at Arizona SaL Na 
20 Alabama (3-2) tost to Kentucky 40-34 in 
overtime. Next VS. Na 9 Tennessee. QdL It 
Na 21 Texas AAM (44) beat No. 16 Cot- 
arodo 16-10. Next vs. lavra Slate Sat. Na22 
UOA (3-2) beat Houston 66- 10. Next atQre- 
goa Sat- Na 23 Atr Force (6-0) beat Ota del 
17-1 Next at Navy. Sat. Na M Brigham 
Young (3-1) beat Utah Stale 42-35, Friday. 
Next at Rk» SOL No. 25 Alton Stale (3-2) 
tost to Na ID Washington 24-14. Next vs. 

■ Southern CMHomia, Sat. 

CFL Standings 

















































wmmi COMM 















St. Lotos 































































Son Jose 




























x-Toronto 13 2 0 26 

x-Montreol 11 4 0 22 

Winnipeg 3 11 0 6 

Hamffton l 13 0 2 

wismui MVmON 

x-Catgory 8 6 0 16 

Edmonton 8 6 0 16 

British Columbia 8 7 0 16 

Saskatchewan 6 9 0 12 

x-dinched playoff both 

Fridays Rase It 
Moirtred 3a Saskatchewan 29 
Saturdays Result 
Toronto 46, British COktrobia 3 


NHL Standings 


Washington 3 0 0 6 14 4 

Phitadefpbia 2 0 0 4 8 4 

N.Y. Islanders 10 1 3 5 2 

New Jersey 1 1 0 2 5 7 

Tampa Bay 1 1 0 2 7 6 

N.Y. Rangers 0 0 1 12 2 

Florida I I 0 2 6 6 


Pittsburgh 1 3 8-4 

CmaDao T > 2-3 

First Period: Ptztsburgto Wright l (Otemsan, 
Johansson) (ppl- 1 CreoBna, Emerson 2 
(Kapanea Roberts) (pp). Second Period; 
Pittsburgh, Wright 2 (Tamer! 1144. 4 P- 
(Mczyk 1 (Johansson) & Pittsburgh, Francis 1 
KHayfcl Third Period— 4 Carotea Emerson 
3 (OcGDoe) :27. 7, Cantina Primeau I 
(Emerson Wesley) (pp). Shots an god: P- 7- 
114—27. Carolina 10-5-13-28. Gvrfiw P- 
Borrassa. Carolina Burke. 

RY. Maiden 110 0-2 

RY. Rangers 18 10-2 

First Period: N.Y. Madders. Borard 1 
[RdChel Pdffy) (ppl. Z RY.-Graves 1 
(Kavotev, Driver! 1049 (pp). Second Ported; 
N.Y. I sia riders. Berhuzl 1 (Green, Chaske) 
Third Parted: N.Y. Rangers. La Fontaine 1 
(Karpavtsav) (ppl .OwiHwr None. Shots on 
goat RY. bta riders 7-9-11-2-29. RY. 
Rangers 7-15-9-0-31. Goatat: RY.-Sote 
Now Ybrk, Rldder. 

Ottawa 10 1-3 

PhSadeipNci 2 1 2-5 

First Portal: Philadelphia. Falknn 2 
(Grattan) 133. 1 P-Lmdros I (Zubrus, 
Thorton) X O-Dalgto 1 (Conneywarttb 
Kravchuk) 4 O-Bonk 1 (Canneyworth. Yak) 
Second Period: PhffadeJphta. LoOair ] 
(Lindras) 1136. Third Period; PMadetpNa 
Ktaft ] (LeCtair, BraxtAmni! 7. O-Bonk 2 
(Curmoywonh, YoriO (pp). & P-Undras 2 
(Zubrus. Ledairi Shots m god: O- 11-9- 
12-32. P- 12-6-14—32. Gordas: O-Rhades. 

BofMo 1 | 0-2 

Washington 1 1 4—6 

First Period: B -Rasmussen I (Dana 

Gmsekl Z W-Berube 1 (Hunter! Second 
Period; Buffalo. Andette 1 (HoUnger! 1:1 Z 
4, W- Johansson 1 (Sveikmsky. Oates) (pp). 
Third Period: Washington. Banda 1 

(PtaMikD) M. 7, W-Bondra 2 (Phanka 
Johansson) & W-.Koostoyl (Oates. Juneau] 
2^3 (shj. 9, W-Zednfck 2 (BuSs, Hausteyl 
(ppl- Shots on goat B- 12-8-3—23. W- 13-10- 

9- 32- Gaates : B-Hosek. W-KoWg. 

New Jersey 2 1 1-4 

Tampa Bay 0 I 2-3 

Rist Period: New Jersey, McKay I OCroapa) 
X New Jeraey, Thomas 1 (Gftnoat Syknro) 
(pp). Second Period: Tampa Bay. Zamunerl 
(Andersson) 73J8 (oh). 4, NJ-Sykora 1. 
1 435. Third Period; New Jersey, MacLeroi I 
(Pederson. Zetaputdn) 4 T-Wiemer 1 
(Langkow.ClccareiB) 7, Tampa Bay, Wlemer 
2 (Lang Low, Ckrareffi) Shots op goat: New 
Jersey 9-7-11—27. T- 5-10-6-31. Godtasc 
NJ.-Bradeur. T-Puppa. 

Phoenix 8 0 2-2 

SI. Lods 2 2 3-7 

First Period: S-L-Htrtl i (Duchesne) (PP). 2, 
SL Loute Modmis 2 (Turgooa Duchesne) 
(pp). Second Period: SL Uels Chase I 
(York. Prongei) 4. SJ_-Holl 2 (Tuigeon, 
Duchesne) Third Period: $.|_-Madnnls 1 
(pp)-4 St Louis, Cowtnaill (CatnpbefO 1J4 
7. Phoenix. Tocdwt 1 (Nomminea RaenkM 
&' SL Louis. Bergeron 1 (Paescheck, 
Turarite) 9, Phoenix. Nmnnlnon 2 Uaimey. 
Doan) 1422. Starts an goal: Phoenix 9-10- 

10- 29. SJL- 7-5-12—24 Goalies: Phoealx. 
KhabfeuRn, Waite. S.Lrfohr. 

Colorado 1 1 2-4 

Calgary 0 1 0— I 

first Period: C-Forsbaig 1 (Deadmarsii) 
935. Second Period: Calgary, Dingmon 1 n 1 
Colorado, Deodmaisti 1, Third Ported: 
Colorado, Krapp 1 [Farsberg, Satdcl (pp).4 
C-Korrl 1 (Yrte, Lefebwe) Starts oa goto: C- 
634-32. C- 4-13-1 0-27. Goafies: C-Roy. C- 

Detroit 2 4 2-8 

F rtii nsi twi 0 0 2—2 

first Period: D-D roper 1 (Knubte GOdwislJ 
145)4 X D-Shanahan 2 (Lapointe. Murphy) 
(pp). Second Ported: D-Marphy I (Udstrarn. 
Larionov) lpp>. 4 D- Brown 2 (Rouse. 
Holmstrom) & D-, Udotram 1 (Mmphy. 
McCarty) 4 D-Lopobde 2 (Larionov; 
Shanahan) 1620- TOrf Period: D-Knzkw I 
(Yrerrnan, Udstrom) (pp). & E-Weight 2 
(Smyth, Morctanentl (pp). 9, D -Fetisov 1 
(Shanahan. Larionov) 1<V E-, Arnatt 3 
CMarehato) 1422. Shots on goal: D- 11-14- 
9-34 E- 7-1 0-l 3 — 30. Gototes: OOsgood. E- 
Joseph. Esserua. 

AntoHtn g 3 0-2 

Vnocoovor 1 2 0-3 

first Ported: Vancouver, Walker 1, second 
Period: Antorofen, Young l (Prongw, 
Sandstrom) (pp). 3, V-Messkr 1 OtosJund. 
Babydi) 11i«. 4 V-Bore 1 (LedyanL 
Nartund) i A-Antoskl 1 (RydieL Janssens) 
Third Ported: None. Starts an goat A- 703- 
1 4—34 V- 10-1 44-^32. Gototel: A-HebeitV- 

Tchmil Wins Paris-Tours* 
In Head-to-Head Finish 


Gianfranco Zola of Chelsea pushing the ball past David Janies, the Liverpool goalie, before scoring Sunday. 

Berger Mauls Weakened Chelsea 

Friday, 3- 1 , with two goals by the striker 
Olaf Marschall. 

Borussia Dortmund, the European 
champion, lost at Arminia Bielfeld, 3-1. 
to slide to 16th in the IS-team division. 

SCOTLAND Rangers, the Scottish 
champion, scored three goals in seven 
minutes to overturn a two-goal deficit 
and win at Hibernian on Saturday, 4-3. 

Rangers trailed 3-1 after 46 minutes. 
Paul Gascoigne began fightback with a 
5 1 st-minute goal, German Jo erg AJbertz 
scored the equalizer a minute later and 
six minutes after that Paulo Negri 
grabbed his second of the game. 

France Victor flepeba helped cham- 
pions Monaco avoid defeat at bottom- 
of- the- table Le Havre when he scored an 
equalizer with five minutes left Saturday 
to secure a 1-1 draw. 

Le Havre opened the scoring through 
Cyril Pouget in the 75th minute before 
lkpeba saved his side. 

jamm Jubilo Iwata took the J. 
League’s second stage soccer crown late 
Saturday, with a 2-0 victory over Shim- 
izu S-Pulse. 

Jubilo will take on Kashima Antlers, 
winners of the first stage, in a December 
playoff. (Reuters , AP, AFP) 

By Samuel Abt 

h aeriuaitinal Herald Tribute 

TOURS, France — Be- 
cause the course is so fiat, the 
long and venerable Paris- 
Tours bicycle race almost al- 
ways holds a big pack of 
riders together ana ends in a 
sprint, as it did Sunday. 

Usually it is a mass sprint 
— 30 or 40 riders digging 
together for the finish — not 
simply two men, head to head. 
But Andrei Tchmil, a Ukrain- 
ian who rides for the Lotto 
team, and Max Sciandri, a 
Briton wbo rides for La Fran- 
caise des Jeux, managed the 
rare feat of breaking away 
from the pack with a few ki- 
lometers to go and staying 
away from the express train 
behind them. Tc hmil stayed 
away better, easily winning 
the 101st edition of the race. 

He lurked behind Sciandri 
until the last 120 meters and 
then burst past. After 264 ki- 
lometers (164 miles), the Bri- 
ton seemed drained and was 
unable to respond. No wonder, 
since the speed of the race was 
a record 48.9 kilometers an 
hour, more than 2 kph foster 
than the standard set m 1992. 

"I never doubted I would 
win a World Cup classic again, 
even though it has been three 
years since the last one," said 
Tchmil, 34. "If I thought l 
couldn’t win again. I'd lung 
up my bicycle in the garage.' ' 

Aided by a tailwind at the 
start, he was timed in 5 hours 
23 minutes 44 seconds on a 
wonderful Indian summer 
day. Sciandri was one second 
slower and the chasing pack 
four seconds behind. Third 
was Henk Vogels, an Aus- 
tralian with Gan , with Claudio 
Camin, an Italian with Bres- 
c talar, fourth andJan Svorada. 
a Czech with Mapei. fifth. 

Of that group, only Svorada 
is a sprinter, and not one of the 
best Even though the world 
championships are still to 
come this week, the season is 
growing late and many top 
riders have stopped racing: Of 
the top 20. as ranked by the 
computer, just nine entered. 
That would have been 10 but 
Johan Museeuw. a Belgian 
with Mapei and the world 
road-race champion, had the 
flu and could not race. 

Tchmil, a winner of Paris- 
Roubaix, is always a contender 
in one-day classics like Poris- 

Tnurs- Usually, tho ug h, hjj 
gets submerged in the tsunasfe 
of sprinters and leadout foS 
storming to the finish hue. 

On Sunday he took steps to 
prevent that. On the Iasi smafl 
hill, about free kitometcri 
from the end. he waited until 
the pack had caught foe maa 
alone at the front, Maurizto 
Fondriesr, an Italian win 
Co Fid is. Then Tchmil accel- 
erated. was Joined by Sciandri 
and rode with him up the tong- 
final straightway, 2 A kilome- 
ters into the center of foe 
Loire Valley city of Tours. 

In die World Cup compe- 
tin an — the 10 classics that ate 
lumped together to count for a 
modicum of glory. — Tchrrta 
moved up to fifth place behind 
foe leader. Rolf Sorensen, a 
Dane with Rabobank. 

The Dane has finished ra- 
cing this year — ■ in his case, 
because of a broken hand. 
With only the Tour of Lam. 
banly left, Sorensen is 
threatened mainly by Michele 
Bartoli, an Italian with MG, 
who was 14th in Paris -Tours. 

if Bartoli finishes in the 
first five in Lombardy, two 
weeks from now, the World 
Cup crown will be his. 

Deja fit at the Arc de Triomphe 


PARIS — Olivier Peslier, riding the 
French Derby winner Peintre Celebre, won 

early running of the 2.4- kilometer ( 1 .6-mile) 
race at the Longchamp course, but the coll 
never dominated as he did in 1996, and when 

the Prix de 1’ Arc de Triomphe for the second challenged by Peintre Celebre, he was 

straight year Sunday. 

Peslier extricated himself from trouble 
turning into the straightaway and sprinted 
clear for a five-length victory in a record time 
that shattered the old mark by 1-7 seconds. 

PtisudskL an English trained horse ridden 
by Michael Kinane, finished second for the 
second year running. 

Borgia, trained in Germany by Bruno 
Schulz but ridden by Kieren Fallon, took 
third place, just a head in front of an Irish 
challotger, Oscar Schindler. 

swiftly swallowed by the pack and finished 
sixth of the 18 entries. 

Peintre Celebre earned his owner Daniel 
Wildenstein, who is an ait dealer, about 
$700,000. It was the first time a jockey had 
ridden successive Arc winners since Pat 
Eddery won three in a row from 198S to. 
1987. Other horses owned by Wildenstein, 
also have won the Arc de Triomphe: Allez 
France (1974), All Along (1983) and 
Sagace (1984). 

Andre Fabre, Peintre Celebre ‘s trainer. 

Helissio, so impressive for Peslier a year trained the previous record holder Trem- 

•L* ** * _ .■ .11 8 _ 15 A.1 _ _ ---■ « I #>0-7 P.. 

ago, this time was ridden by Dominique 
Boeuf. Helissio was a strong contender m foe 

polino, the winner in 1987, as well as Su- 
botica ( 1992) and Carnegie (1994). 


-Memorable Moment from Johnnie Walker: IftTJER C L P mth iWnmd CMn - hn - 




1991 - Stockton fa uns the tUe tn America’s favorer* 

Brian trilh Hifhnrd Simouos. Unipted A lUustivleJ ly Dole b' Smith C Intmalitumi Herald Tribune 

RYDER Kyp-97 


NnJonejr a 7 8—1 

WaKngtM 2 2 tt— 4 

first Period: Washington. Xanmraktaik 
(Bondra, Bulls) X W-H urter 1. 17:14 Sound 
Ptatod: WaslUngtaa Ttaotto T (Ptoonku. 
Bondra) 4 W-Zednik 3 (Benda) 5. RJ.- 
McKay 2 (HaW TbM Parted: None. Shots 
M gator New Jeisav 9-8-7-24. W- 617- 
11—29. Goaflto: RX-Brodeat Dunham. 
Woahingtoa Koblg. 

Florida 0 2 3-5 

POttongn 0 2 1—3 

Frret Parted: None. Second Parted: 

Pittsburgh. CFerraro 1 (P.Ferrara, StroKa) 2> 
F4fvll 1 (Muller) (sh). 1 PftMwigh, Jogr 1 
(Hatchet Brawn) (pp) . 4 F-Gognerl (Lons) 
WO. PenaH tos — W onenc t Fla 

(Interference); Murphy, Fla double minor 
Third Period- S. PStfcburgh. Straka 1 
KMoussoa Ko5parafHs} 4 F-Gogner 2 
(Morphy, Dvorak) 7, F> Lindsay i (Lous) & 
F-Gagner 3 (Murphy! 1W8 (en). Shall on 
g«& F- 5-10-7-23. P- 7-13-10-3a Gatotas: 
F-Vanblesbrouck. P-WroggeL 
Montreal 12 1-4 

Boston 8 j 8—1 

Hnt Period: M-Matakhovt DCtovu. Conan) 
7:11 (pp). Second Period- X NHtocchi, 1 
CKotvu, Moaeoii) X M-Rerxhi 2 (Korin, 
Corson) 4 B-OIMato 2 (Krfeflch) Ttart 
Ported: M-Reccht 3 (Conan. Korin) (pp). 
Shirts on goat M- 6-11-6-23. B- 5-9-12— 2S. 
Mlssod penalty shot-OiMate. Bos- ft M 
period. Goafies: M-Moog. E -Carey. 

CaraBna 0 2 0—2 

Ottarrn 0 2 1—3 

first Ptofe* None. Second Parted: Carolina. 
Sanderson l (Emereon) Ml (ppl-i O-Dtfgle 
2 (York. LduUamen) (pp). X Cdtofata, 
Ktonmen 1 (Htoto Kron) 4 0-K. Zholtok. 2, 
Ttenl P erio d. O-Latodwen ! (ZhoUato 
Bank) (pp). Starts en goat Corofina 4-13- 
1-1&. 0-12-7-8-27. Godtes: CaraBna Kidd. 
O-Tug mitt 

Taranto 0 0 8-0 

RY.iskradHS 8 2 1—3 

first Period: None. Saeoad Period New 
Yartb NenxMnau l (Benid, Janaan) & New 
Yota, Lapointe 1 (Hough. PBan) Tbirt 
Period: New Yak, Lapofete 2 (Jenssav 
RtocheO Starts ae goal: T- 8-9-11— 28 New 
York 1M-9-2S. Gatotes: T-Hatoy. New 
York. Safa. 

SL Leon 2 0 8-2 

Dtotas I o 0-T 

Fhst Period: D-Nierrwendyk 1, (pp). % SA--, 

Duchesne T (DemtatTwgeon) (pp).3,SJL- 
Carapbefl 1 (Twgeoa Hull) Second Petted: 
Nm Third Period None. Shaft ea go to: 
5, L^ 8-4-5— 17, D- 5-8-15— 28. GoafitiiSi.- 

McLennan 1-04LD-Bc(tour 0-1-1. 

aricngo I 1 0-2 

SanJesa 2 1 0-3 

First Partod c-Afixmte l (Zhamnov. Stack} 
423. 2, San Jme. Moulder 1 (Craven) 5te4 X 
SJ.-Korotyuk 1 (HaukteK Ragnaissan) (pp). 
Second Ported: Chlcoga Moraou 1 (Cttdtov 
Amo rite) (pp). & SJ.-Starra 1 (McSaley) 
Thlrt Period: None. Shota an gaoL-C- 7-14- 
6-27. SJ^ 11-4-5-20 Gatotes: C-Hoctett 
TonerL S J.-Vernon. 

Vanceouer 1 1 0-2 

An abater 1 I 1-3 

find Period: A-Setame 1 CP ranger, Vtan 
impel 2, V-BureZ Second Ported: Anahekn, 
Sandstrem 1 {Sekmna Mironov) 4 V-Unden 
1 (LedpaxL Ge liras) (pp). TUMI Ported: 
Anaheim, Dtognaauit l (Somtafront, 
Satam) Stalls « goat: V- 7-7-10—27. A- 9- 
11-4—24 Gatotes: VJdd^nn. A- 



KD 1-06Y HimUinOfUU. 
New Zealand: 185-7 (50 overs) 

Zhnbaburo: 188-7 (48J) 

Zimbabwe wun by ttwee whtatos. 

New Zealand: 294-7 In 50 oven 
Zhnbahwe: 211 all out In 441 ovets. 

New Zealand wan by 83 runs. 

Series ended l-l with first match beeing 


WouldCw • 

MRta-TOURS, SM A ton (1 SK2 mta, 

1. Andrei TdmH Ukr. Lotto 5 h. 23 m. 44 s. 
ZM. Sctamtri.Brtt.Frmxxu des Jew atl ■. 
X Henk Vogels, A astro Ba GAN at 4 seconds 
4 Claudta Canrlrv ttoy, Bmdalat sX 
5- Jan Svorada Czech Repubfic Mapei sJ. 

6. Mirko RosGokv Italy. Sdgna si 

7. Btaggio Conte. Holy, Scrigna si 

8. A«t Vtorhouten. Nettu Rodobante si 

9. Leon Van Bon, Ntherferufa, Radobank, sj. 
la Luca Geffl. ttnty, Bresdatat si 

VTAHDiNO&l.RairSoiensea Denmark, 
Rabtonnk 275 points: 2. Mbriete BartoS, 
Italy. MG-Techagym24* 3. DovMe RebeHn, 
Htoy, Fnnctose des Jeux Z1 4 4 Andna TaR 
Maty, Mrarai 212; 5. TchmB, Ukraine, 212 6. 
adone13S;8. Alberto Eft I taly. Carina 120: 9. 
Laurent Jalabet France, ONCE 1 74 10. 




Leicester 22. Tau(ouse23 
Leinster 23, MOan 6 

STJunmoGHh Toutouse, France, 8 
potontv Leicester, England, 6; Labiates, lie- 


Swrorsea 3ft Glasgow 22 
Ulster 21. Wasps 38 

STANDI NOS: Wasps. England, 10 paMK 
Swamea, Woles, A Glasgow. Scatkmd 4 
Ulster. iretamL Z 


Pontypridd 44 Scottish Barden 26 

STAM04N0SC Bam. Engtand, 8 points; 
Brfee, France, 2 Pontypridd, Wales, & Scat- 
tbh Benton 0. 


Borngoln 21, Munster6 
. Hariequlna 31. CaidHf 32 
STJumisot: Harlequins. England, 8 
points; Cardiff, Wtoas 6/ Bourpom, Franca A 
Munster, IratanckZ 


Treviso 42 Uonefll 25 

•nuumoGe Pou, Franca 6 paints; 
Ltaneft, Woles, 6,-Travtaa Htoy, 4; Caledonia, 


Bristol 24 Agen 42 
Ebbw Vale 21, La Rodtefis 19 

Montferrand 54 AtantaeSer 10 
Newport 17. Sate 11 


Dax 2ft Stode Francois 35 
Londori Irish 46, Fanil Constanta 10 

ConrracW 22, Begles 15 
Nice ia Northampton 26 
Ctoortoere 69, Bridgend 20 
Grenoble T&, Richmond 29 

Gloucester 3& Beziers 17 
Toulon 2a Padova 20 


Perpignan 4ft BkuiOz 6 
Newcastle 72, Edfahargtl 24 

Ncrborme 14 Cashes 25 
Neath 1£ Saracens 26 


Zaragoza 6 Ovieda 6 AiNedc BObao k Do- 
portfwConmoi- Real Betts&Salmanco4; 
Vtoencta 3; Martda 2 Sportfeg Gfion ft VM- 

— — »— r ■■■*"■ 
Arsenal & Barnsley 0 
Bolton a Aston Vila 1 
Coventry a Leeds 0 
Manc h ester United 2. Crystal Ptoace 0 
Newca s tle L Tottenham 0 
Sheffield Wednesday X Evertan 1 
Southampton X West Ham 0 
WMrtedoii a BkRktaim I 
Liverpool 4, Chelsea 2 
SW UM, Anento 22 pomta Manch- 
ester United 21; Blackburn 19: Leicester l& 
Chelsea 16- Liverpool IS.- Newcastle li Leeds 
1 A Aston VWo 1% west Ham 11 Derby 1£ 
Coventry 12; Crystal Palace ll;Tattenhani lft 
Wlmbtedoa ft Sheffield Wednesday ft Botai 
ft Ewrtoaft Southampton 7; Bansiey 6. 


I860 Munich 1, FC Katatoitautsm 3 
Werter Brearen i, EL MoendieigkidbachO 
Arminia Bieieteid 1 B. Dortmund 1 
Bayer Leverkusen Z M5V Dutabug I 
VR. Bocfwm X Bayern Munich 3 
Hansa Rostock 1, FC Ctoogne 2 
Kartsraher SC X VIL WoHshorg l 
Schtoke 1, Herfho Berfln 0 
vre Stuttgart 5, Hamburg SV2 
srAMNNMs FC Kateenlairfern 22 
points; Bayern Mutden 2ft MSV Dtosfamg 1 ft 
Sdialke lft Vffl Stuttgart 14 Hansa Rostock 
14- Wenter Bremen 14 Arminia BJetefeM 1ft. 
Hamburg SV 1ft Kaibroher SC 12; Bayer 
Leverkusen 11; VtL Wotfsburg 11; 1860 Mo- 
nichlftMoenchengkidbadi 1ft FCCtoogm 
1ft Borussia Dortmund 9t VtL Bochum 7; 
Heriha Bertin 5. 


Qbuiaw Masthw 

final scores Sunday to Gorman Hows 
to ft84fty*d (SJCO-mowr) par-72 Golf and 
Country dub Hoferan couree in Baton: 
Bemhoid Lrragoo Ger. 684940-70.267 

C. Montgomerie, Scut. 71484648-273 

Thomas Bforn, Den. 71484649-274 

Patrik SfakMd, Swe. 714847-70-276 

J. Marta OkaabalSp. 694946-72-276 

Cartanttna Rocca, tt 75-714644-276 

JamfeSpence, Eng. 714847-71-277 

Gary Or, Scotland 69-714948.277 

Darren Oorke. R Irt 734945-78-277 

Andrea CotlarL Scat. 7148-7048-277 


•«»«• Sunday In 120 mlOon yen 
(W82J»q Japan Open Golf Chomptonehip 
on 8.782-yanL par-71 Koga Col Club cotaea 

Cmtg Pony. Austnda 73-73-70-70—386 

"Jamba" OzakL Jap. 67-72-77-71—287 

FitoiUeMinam PI*. 67-74-73-73-287 

SeWaamaJap 78-72-70-75-287 

T-Jet" OraH Jap. 69-71 -75-73-288 

HpM&agucftL Jgp, 70-7748-74-2W 

PC.Kowahoro.Jflp. 73-73-71-73-290 

s. Kowrtflrtv Jap. 74-7548-74—291 

S.ManiyambJap. 76-70-7670-292 

HtfmeMeshlalJap. 73-75-72-72-293 

Masai* Itoh, Jap. 7649-73-74-292 




Wigan, Eng. lftHiKtterMartnmiAustL.22 
Brisbane Atntmnn 6ft St. Helens. Er^. 12 
Uwton Engfland iftCronuHa, Auriratki,40 
Audtkmd Warriors, New Zealand, 62, Brad- 

tort Butts, Engtaut 14 


Brisbane n. Aocktand an OetotMf 10 

Cmnu«q vs Hunter Mariners on October 1 1 

j^ muM nesTPivwori 

A5 Rotna ft NapcS 2 
U Gtews ftS omm lorta2 

*WU*DIM«*S Inter 12 p oin t s ; Rama 11; 
Parma 11; Jnentes Ur Udlnese ft Samp- 
dorta » Vicerun Si Lazio T, Atalanfe 7; Bte»- 
da ft Florenlina ft Empofl ft Mtem ft Naptol 
4,- Bari 4r Btoogna ft Piacenza ft Lecce 0. 

PSV EAtemen X Heerenveen 1 
NEC NQmegen 4, Vtoendare 
MW Maastricht X Sparta Rotterdam 2 
TteWlte Enschede 1 Groningen 0 
Grnaischap Daettnchem ft Utrecht 1 
Vitesse Arnhem X RKC WaahvBk 2 
FeyenoordX NAC Breda 1 
Wteam I) TDfaurg ft Afax Amsterdam 
•WMMHOG: AkB( 27 poMs PSV Etad- 
hoven 21; Tteente Enschede 1ft r eyen o oid 
1 7i Vttesse Arnhem 17; Heerenveen 17; Rada 
JC totawte 1ft Sparta Rattentam lft 
Gronlnpen lft Gratsdiap Doelfeidiem 1L- 
NM! Breda ft NEC Nftnegen ft WUVtra it 
TWnffg ft RKC VVbalw^ ft Utrecht ft Fortuna 
Sited ft Voiendam ft MW Maastricht 4 
Sasha 5. Cannes 1 


Lent 1. Chateau rouxO 
Marseile 2. Toulouse 0 
Le Havre l.Monacnl 
Auxwre 4 Rennes 0 
MontpetOer ft Bordeaux 1 
•WMDiNaGi Metz 23 pokdB Part* 2ft 
Bordeam 3ft Baste lft Lens l&Mmco )7; 
Mcreefc 17) Toulouse Jft Lynn IS 
M ; Awam lft Rennes ft Morte 
polfiefft Nantes ftChatenoroux ft Strasbourg 

Aftiietfc Bfflxro 1, Real Sodedod 1 
Zaragoza I. Espanyto 1 

Oviedo ft AiMiea Madrid 2 
Celta A Salamanca 1 
Racing Santander ft Sporting Gfion 1 
BarcefenaX Tenerife 2 

Compasteia X Molotca 2 

smNDmaft. Barcetana 15 pointer Mto- 
lorq ll;Ce tta vjgo 11: Rmi Madrid lft Rnc- 

InaSantaider ft Aiteflco Madrid ft EspaiMi 

7; Tenerife 7; Rato Sodedod 7i Compostela ta 

Colorado X Kansas Ctty 0 

World Cup 


Kazakstan 1, Japcei 1 
Sotoh Kano X Utoted Arab Emlratea 0 
tonutoMos: South Korea 12 pottos: Unti- 
ed Arab Emirates 7; Japan 5; Kaztocstartft 

Utoted Slates 1, Jamaica I 
Mexico ft El Stovodor 0 
stahdmgg: AtoUco M potato; Janokn 
lft United States lft El Stovodor ft Casta 
Rica & Canada 5. 



Mark PIUUppowseR Austrtfla def. YOvg*- 
ny KateMco* D). Russia 6ft 6-7 £5-7). 64 
■mrnrvrni *1 

Greg Rusedski (4), Britton, dsf. Ptor Korda 
(7), Czech Republic, 6-7 (5-7). 6-1 7-5. 

PhHppoussisdef. Tim Henaran, Britain, 7- 


RnsedsM def. PWUppowsis 6ft 74 (641. 
74 (7-3). 



Alberta B e ras n teg u l (2), Spam det. Kata 
Ataml m. Morocco. 74. 6-2, 7-1 

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PAGE 19 


ers Win 
l H The Battle 
Of the Bays, 
But Barely 

The Associated Press 

The Green Bay Packers halted their 
slide and thwarted Tampa Bay’s as- 
tonishing ascent with a 21-16 victory 
Sunday .It was Green Bay ’s 22d st raiphr 
victory u Lambeau Field. 

The Packers (4-2) survived a second- 
half scare when Trent Dilfer, the Tampa 
Bay quarterback, twice missed to Warr- 

Buckeyes Shut Down 
The Potent Hawkeyes 

ifi ?■*.. 

Ducks and Canucks Dazzle Tokyo 

tic'll fr Tri 


ick Dunn from the Green Bay 42 with 
less than two minutes left 
The Bucs, trying for their first 6-0 
start, got one more shot But with no 
timeouts and 38 seconds left, the game 
ended with Tampa Bay at its 46 after a 4- 

yard pass to Dunn. _ 

blocked* Green bT Uollas, left, an Anaheim defender, firing a shot past Scott Walker of Vancouver on Sunday in Tokyo. 

kicker Ryan Longwell’s field goal at- 
tempt, Dilfer led the Bucs on scoring 
•• drives of 63 and 90 yards. 

Dunn finished with 125 yards on 16 
carries and Alston had 56 yards on 17 

- rushes. The Packers managed just 64 
yards rushing. 44 by Dorsey Levens. 

- ^ Brett Favre. the Green Bay quarter- 
ttbadc, hocked up with Antonio Praeman 
for touchdown throws of 31 and 6 yards 
and defensive end Gabe Wilkins returned 
an interception 77 yards for a score as the 
Packers built a 21-3 halftime lead. 

last** 24, RwMdna io Phil- 
adelphia's Ricky Watters. Charlie 
Garner and Kevin Tomer combined for 
202 rushing yards against the league’s 
29th-ranked run defense as the Eagles 
beat visiting Washington. 

Watters had 104 yards and two touch- 
downs on 3 1 carries, while Turner ran 
for 38 yards and added 43 receiving 
yards. Gamer had 60 yards on 12 car- 

Ty Detmer rebounded from two in- 
terceptions last week and completed 17- 
af-27 for 246 yards and ran for a touch- 

The Eagles* defense sacked Gus 
Frerone. the Redskins quarterback, 
twice, intercepted him once and limited 
the Redskins to 30 rushing yards. 

Frerone. harried all game, wobbled 
off the field late in die fourth quarter 

after being hit by Richard Dent. Frerone 
finished 16-of-37 f 

The Associated Press 

The Mighty Ducks probably couldn’t 
read the Japanese signs in the stands 
proclaiming 4 ‘Dudes must win.” 

But in a game on bumpy ice that had 
to be repaired in the last 2Vi minutes 
Sunday, they obliged their Japanese 

J. J. Daigneault scored from about 10 
feet off a perfect pass from Tomas Sand- 
strom with 6:22 left, giving Anaheim a 
3-2 victory over the Vancouver Ca- 
nucks and a split in their season-opening 

“He was really wide open. 1 locked at 
him for two or three seconds,” Sand- 
strom said. 

Because of the ice conditions, Sand- 
strom said, “You sometimes make the 
simple plays. There’s not going to be 
that much stick-handling. You try to 
play safe.” 

After a 10-minute delay for repairs on 
a broken pipe under the rink's surface, 
the Canucks had a power play for the 
game's final 1:19 but could not tie die 
score. Anaheim’s Richard Park was sit- 
ting out for hooking Marie Messier as he 
tried to break down the middle. 

Messier was back in action despite a 
bruised thigh suffered at the end of the 
second period Saturday, when he scored 
a goal in the Canucks’ 3-2 victory in die 

first National Hockey League regular 
season game outside North America. 

. For the second consecutive day. a 
capacity crowd of 10,500 turned out and 
cheered nearly everything. But the signs 
and a preponderance of Ducks’ jerseys 

NHL Roundup 

indicated a slight leaning toward Ana- 
heim in the hall where the ice was laid 
down atop Tokyo’s 1964 Olympic 
swimming pooL Warm weather outside 
put a strain on the refrigeration system. 

The Ducks-Canucks season openers 
were scheduled to stir excitement in 
Japan about the NHL players’ Olympic 
debut in die games next February in 
Nagano, Japan. 

Capitals 4, Devils i Steve Konowal- 
chuk. Dale Hunter, Mark Tinordi and 
Richard Zednik scored a goal apiece 
Saturday night as the Capitals improved 
to 3-0, their best start since opening the 
1991-92 season with a club-record four 
straight victories. 

p ub ws 5, p e ng u ins 3 Dave Gagner 
had three goals and Bill Lindsay scored 
the tie breaker with 18 seconds left in 
the third period to lead visiting Florida 
over Pittsburgh. The Panthers scored 
three goals in the last 2:29. Gagner tied 
the score 3-3 ai 17:31. Lindsay’s wrap- 

for 216 yards and a 


Dolphins it, cMofs 14 CHindo Mare 
kicked the only points of the second 

half, a 26-yard field goal with 5:40, to 

give Miami victoty over visiting Kansas * v 

SSSflii SSSsss Braves Will Face Marlins 

goals were also the difference in _ 

Miami's other two victories, missed a c^pMbr Ow s^fwm Dunwrfe 

41-vaid attempt in the third period, but HOUSTON — There was cham- 
is U -for-34 this season. pagne in the Atlanta Braves’ clubhouse, 

aim they plan to drink more in the near 

After beating the Houston Astros on 
Friday to sweep their divisional playoff 
series, the Braves have their sights ser on 

around attempt on the goal failed, but he 
was in position to tap in Paul Laos’s pass 
for a 4-3 Pittsburgh lead. Gagner com- 
pleted his hat trick with a goal into an 
empty net 

lalandan 3, Maple Leafs O Tommy 
Salo stopped all 28 shots he faced and 
Claude Lapointe scored twice as New 
York beat visiting Toronto. Sergei 
Nemchinov also scored for the Is- 

Senators 3, CaraSna 2 Janne 
Laukkanen’s power-play goal at 8: 13 of 
the third period lifted Ottawa over Car- 
olina in the Senators' home opener in 
Kanata, Ontario. 

Canadians 4, Bruins 1 Mark Recchi 
scored three goals and Saku Koivu as- 
sisted on four as visiting Montreal easily 
handled Boston. 

Blues 2 , stars 1 Jamie McLennan had 
27 saves to make Jim Campbell’s tie- 
breaking goal in the first period hold up 
as Sl Louis spoiled Dallas’s home 

Sharks 3, Blacfchawfcs 2 In San Jose, 
California, Marco Sturm scored the tie- 
breaking goal near the end of the second 
period, leading San Jose over Chicago. 

Bill Houlder and Alexander Koro- 
lyuk scored the Sharks’ other goals. 
Tony Amonte and Ethan Moreau scored 
for Chicago. 

The Associated Press 

The linebacker Andy Katzenmoyer 
put on a one-man show, intercepting a 
pass, making 11 tackles and moving to 
rollback to throw a key block as No. 7 
Ohio State shutdown No. 1 1 Iowa, which 
had averaged 55 points a game, 23-7. 

In Columbus, Ohio, the Hawkeyes. 
who had previously beaten four weaker 

opponents, 221-46, found out what it’s 
luce to play a Top 25 team. 

Tavian Banks, the nation's leading 
rusher with 209 yards a game, had 84 
yards on 22 carries. The Hawkeyes (4- 
1 J, averaging 568 yards, had 308 against 
the Buckeyes (5-0), and (heir scoring 
average went down to 45.6 points. . 

Of Katzenmoyer, Banks sai± “He 
was all over the field. He’s the real deal 
He was probably in our backfield more 
than 1 wa$.” 

With Ohio State ahead 3-0, Katzen- 
moyer came in at fullback and threw a 
block on Eric Thigpen that allowed Mi- 
chael Wiley to cap a 66-yard drive with 
a 1-yard TD run for 10-0 halftime lead. 

Stanley Jackson, the Ohio State quar- 
terback, sprained an ankle early in the 
second quarter and was replaced by Joe 
Germaine. Jackson returned in the third 
quarter and hit David Boston 'with a 6- 
yard scoring pass to make it 16-0. 

Matt Sherman, 18 of 37 for 1 89 yards, 
threw a 6-yard scoring pass later in the 
third quarter for the Hawkeyes’ only 

No. 1 Florida 56, Arkansas 7 In 

Gainesville, Florida, Bo Carroll re- 
turned die opening kickoff 94 yards for 
a score and Doug Johnson threw three 
TD passes for the Gators (5-0, 3-0 
Southeastern Conference). The Gators 
held die Razorbacks to minus-56 yards 
rushing, a Florida school record. 

No. 2 Pann State 41, IIEsmms 6 In 

Champaign, Illinois, Penn State’s Mike 
McQueary had three TD passes and 
Curtis Eitis had two TDs and his first 
100-yard game of the season. 

No. 3 Nebraska 56, No. 17 Kansas 
State 26 Ahman Green ran for 1 93 yards 
and four TDs — three within six 
minutes of the third quarter — as the 
Comhuskers (4-0, 1-0 Big 12) beat vis- 
iting Kansas State (3-1) for the 29th 
straight time. 

No.4 Florida State 47, Miami O In Tal- 
lahassee. Florida State (4-0) handed the 
Hurricanes (1-4) their worst loss in 53 
years. The loss gave Miami its first four- 
game losing streak since 1977. 

No. 5 North Carolina 31, 7CU 10 Chris 

Keldorf threw far a school-record 415 

yards and three TDs — two in the fourth 
quarter — to lead the Tar Heels (5-0) in 
Fort Worth, Texas. 

No. 6 ificWaan 37, Imfianao The Wol- 
verines (4-0. 1-0 Big Ten) scored four 
TDs in the second quarter to rout the 
Hoosiers. Brian Griese passed for 204 
yards and one TD before leaving early 
in the second half. 

No. a Aobum 23, South CaroBna 6 The 
visiting Tigers (5-0. 3-0 SEC) led by 
only 7-6 at the half before the quar- 
terback Dameyune Craig wanned up and 
finished with 321 yards and two TDs. 

No. 9 Tennessee 31, Mississippi 17 In' 
Knoxville, Tennessee, Peyton Manning 
threw for 324 yards and two TDs and die 
freshman Jamal Lewis ran for 155 yards 
for the Vols (3-1, 1-1 SEC). 

No. 10 Washington 26, No- 25 Arizona 

State 14 Rasbaan Shehee ran for 146 
yards and a touchdown, and Brock 
Huard passed for two scores to lead the 
Huskies (3-1, 1-0 Pac- 10) in Seattle. 

No. 1 3 IJSU 7, Vanderbilt 6 In Nashville, 

Tennessee, Kenny Mixon blocked John 
Markham’s long extra-point attempt 
with 12 seconds left as the Tigers (4-1,2- 
1 SEC) held off the Commodores, who 
planned to go for the victoty with a 2- 
point conversion but twice were pen- 
alized for delaying the game. 

Miami, Ohio, 24, No. 14 Virginia Toch 

17 Travis Prentice ran for two TDs and 
die Red Hawks (4- 1 ), who were 20-point 
underdogs, sacked Al Clark six times to 
end the Holies’ 1 2-game home winning 
streak in Blacksburg, Virginia. 

No. 15 Washington State 24, Oregon 

13 In Eugene, Oregon, Michael Black 
scored two TDs and Rian Lindell kicked 
a 28-yard field goal with 316 minutes left 
for the Cougars (5-0. 3-0 Pac-10). 

No. 21 Texas A&M 16, No. 16 Colorado 

io Siir Parker scored Texas A&M’s 
lone touchdown, Kyle Bryant kicked 
three field goals and the Aggies (4-0) 
held off the Buffaloes (2-2) in Boulder, 

Kentucky 40, No. 20 Alabama 34 In 

Lexington, Kentucky, Tim Couch threw 
a 26-yard TD pass to Craig Yeast in 
overtime as Kentucky beat Alabama for 
the Wildcats' first victory over die 
Crimson Tide since 1922. 

No. 23 Air Force 17, Citadel 3 The 

Falcons, playing at home, moved to 6-0 
as Steve Pipes set up Spanky Gilliam’s 
3-yard TD run with a 45-yard inter- 
ception return and forced a fumble to 
prevent a score. The Citadel is 2-3. 

Stanford 22, Notre Danse 15 Hie Car- 
dinal topped visiting Notre Dame as the 
Irish (1-4) lost their fourth straight under 
a new coach. Bob Davie — the school’s 
longest losing streak since 1963. 

Kansas City reached Miami’s45 with 
two minutes left, but Tim Bowens 
sacked Elvis Grbac, and Anthony Harris 
tackled Marcus Alien following a re- 
ception 2 yards short of a first down at 
the Miami 38 on fourth-and-3. 

Marino completed 19 of 31 attempts 
for 259 yards and had four passes 
dropped. Drayton emerged as a new 
weapon with four catches for 80 yards. 

Grbac threw for 177 yards and two 
touchdown* for Kansas City. 

22, Uom 13 Brace Smith tnppcd 

.i*«* f ** 

up Barry Sanders, the Detroit Lions 
naming back, and Phil Hansen (added 
him for a safety with 2:12 remaining 
Sunday to lift Buffalo to victory over 
visiting Detroit. 

Rookie running back Ant o wain 
Smith put the game away with a 56-yard 
run after the Bills got the ball bade 
following Detroit's kickoff. 

Braves-Marlins 4-of-7-game 
National League Championship Series 
will begin Tuesday in Atlanta. 

Florida was 8-4 against Atlanta this 
season, and after sweeping the San 
Francisco Giants in a divisional playoff 
series, the Marlins have as modi mo- 
mentum as the Braves. 

The Marlins, meanwhile, beat the Gi- 
ants 6-2 in San Francisco fora sweep of 
their series. Devon White hit a grand 
slam home run in the sixth inning to 
break the Giants' backs. 

But confidence oozed from the 
Braves after their 4-1 victory oyer 
Houston that clinched their dale with 

Florida. The Braves walked and talked 
like a team that was headed to its sixth 
consecutive league championship 
series. And the Braves expect to return 
to the World Series, regardless of who 
stands in their way. 

“At this point, we could play the 
Chicago Bulls, I don't care," said 
Kenny Lofton, Atlanta’s centerfielder. 
“When you look az us and Honda, you 
can’t look at the regular season. It's the 
playoffs, baby. It’s a whole different 
baUgame. You can’t Io ok at what’s been 
done in the past.” 

“I don’t know how good we are and 
whether we can play with the Braves,” 
said Jim Leyfenct tire Marlins' manager. 
“But I know that we just bear a very 
good team in the Giants. The Braves are 
die team of the decade. We’ll just have 
to see if the time is right for us." - 

Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine, John 
Smoltz, and Denny Neagle give Atlanta 
the best staff in baseball and it was in 
top form against Houston. 

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PAGE 20 

MkflKl KqlfendBiiiVAP 

Greg Rusedski smashing Sun- 
day to Mark Philippoussis. 

Rusedski Blasts 
To Swiss Title 

tennis Greg Rusedski won the 
battle of the big serves Sunday, 
blasting 22 aces past Mark Phil- 
ippoussis on the way to a straight- 
sets victory in the men’s singles 
final at the Swiss indoor cham- 
pionships in Basel. 

Rusedski, a Briton, pounded 
out a 6-3, 7-6 (8-6), 7-6 (7-3) 
victory over the 20- year-old Aus- 
tralian to collect his second tour- 
nament title of the season. 

In the fourth game, Philip- 
poussis dropped his service for the 
first time in the tournament He 
was out-aced 22 to 9. 

“What can you do when 
someone is serving like that?* ‘ 
asked Philippoussis. 

Rusedski, the first British play- 
er to crack the top 10. will rise into 
the top five in the world rankings 

• Jim Courier beat Sweden's 
Magnus Gustafsson in three sets 
to win the final of the China Open 
in Beijing. Courier won 7-6, 3-6, 
6-3 in a match slugged out from 
the baselines. 

Langer Wins Home Title 

GOLF Germany's Bernhard 
Langer shot a final-round, 2- un- 
der-par 70 to win die German 
Masters for die third time. 

Langer. who shot a course re- 
cord 60 on Saturday, finished at 
267, 21 under par and six sendees 
clear of Colin Montgomerie. 

Langer ’s 60 matched the lowest 
round ever shot on the PGA Euro- 
pean Tour. ( Reuters ) 

Lewis Stops Golota 

boxing Lennox Lewis stopped 
Andrew Golota with a brutal 
knockout 1:35 into the first round 
Saturday night to defend his 
World Boxing Council title at the 
Atlanta Convention Center. 

Lewis improved to 32-1 with 26 
KO’s. ‘ ‘I wanted to get rid of all of 
the misfits in the heavyweight 
world," said Lewis, who connec- 
ted on 30 of 36 punches. “Golota 
was the last on my list.” 

From the opening bell, Lewis 
hit Golota at will. He used a vari- 
ety of punches, with his first dam- 
aging blow being an overhand 

It was the first time in his career 
that Golota had been knocked out. 
After the fight, he was taken to a 
local hospital on a stretcher and 
was expected to be kept overnight 
because of a panic attack, accord- 
ing to his trainer, Lou Duvsl(LAT) 

Howe Totters to Record 

ICE hockey Gordie Howe 
skated the first shift with the De- 
troit Vipers in their International 
Hockey League opener, becoming 
the only professional in his sport 
to compete in six decades. 

The 69-year-old Hall of Fame 
player, wearing his familiar No. 9, 
did not touch the puck with his 
stick in his 47 seconds on ice. But 
a shot by teammate Brad Shaw hit . 
Howe on the leg and deflecred 
toward Jon Casey, the Kansas City 
Blades goaltender. Casey made 
the save. The game drew a ca- 
pacity crowd of 20,182 to the 
Palace in Auburn Hills. (AP) 

■7 » | k ivnimn<i>i] me • 4 

lifral o„y^f- fcnbunc 



France Wins Fed Cup 
As Test ud Stays Cool 

Women Join Men in Noah’s Ark 

DEN BOSCH. Netherlands — 
France won the Fed Cup for the first 
time Sunday when Sandrine Testud 
fought back to beat Miriam Ore mans to 
secure an unbeatable 3-1 lead. 

Tesrnd was outplayed in the first set 
but won 0-6, 6-3, 6-3. 

The French then won the final 
doubles for a 4-1 winning margin. 

Yannick Noah, the nonplaying cap- 
tain, won the title in his season outing as 
Fed Cup coach after guiding France's 
men's team to two Davis Cup titles. 

Noah bounced up and down in cel- 
ebration at courtside as Testud took 
advantage of her third match point to 
win the title. 

* ‘This is a great moment,’ ’ Noah said. 
“It was difficult with such a fast court. I 
was a little scared in the fourth match. 
The Dutch really posed some difficult 
questions for us." 

“He' really pushed me to give my 
best, "Testud said. “He always believed 
in me and that is what 1 needed." 

The French led 2-0 after the singles 

But Brenda Schuitz-McCarthy beat 
Mary Pierce, the world No. 8, 4-6, 6-3, 
6-4, in the opening match Sunday to put- 
the Netherlands back in the final. 

Playing poised and controlled tennis. 
Pierce took the first set with a single 
service break in the ninth game. 

But with the increasingly noisy 8,000- 
strong crowd lifting her, and her power- 
ful service be ginnin g to find its range, 
Schulte -McCarthy battled back to win a 
see-saw second set, 6-3, before wrap- 
ping up the match with a 6-4 final set 

“To be able to do it in front of this 
public makes this my best win of the 
year," she said. 

Pierce, who was clearly unhappy 
with some line calls in the closing stages 
of the final set, hit a forehand marginally 

wide on Schultz-McCarthy’s second 
match point. 

“It’s difficult to accept that I did what 
I could and still lost but sometimes that 
happens -when the other girl plays un- 
believably well,” Pierce said. 

She said Schultz's booming serve had 
made it difficult for her to find her 

Pierce held breakpoints in the sixth and 
eighth games of the final set but saw them 
go to waste either through Schuliz-Mc- 
Carthy’s thunderous serves or her own 
lackluster play on some crucial points. 

She saved first match point in the 
10th game but again wasted two break- 
points before succumbing on the second 
match point 

O remans, ranked No. 50 in the world, 
made a flying start against Testud, 
ranked No. 14, taking the first set 6-0 in 
just 23 minutes. 

Testud calmed herself and broke 
Oremans’s serve at the start of the 
second seL 

She kept her cool despite several dis- 
puted line calls in the eighth game and 
broke again for the set in the ninth. 

Testud quickly carved out a 4-1 lead 
in the final set after saving two break- 
points by Oremans, who twice threw 
down her racket in disgust over missed 

Testud saved another Oremans break 
point in the seventh game and converted 
her third match point when Oremans hit 
a forehand into the net 

“We never expected to reach the 
final," Oremans said. “But once we 
reached it we wanted more so it was 
very disappointing to see die French 

With victory already assured, Nath- 
alie Tauziat and Alexandra Fusai easily 
beat a Dutch pair, Manon BoUegraf and 
Caroline Vis, 6-3, 6-4, in the final 
doubles match. 


Snips IYihwTW WkuvdlV, 

Mary Pierce of France brought to her knees in her match against Brenda Schuitz-McCarthy on Sunday. 


Juventus Rallies Past Fiorentina, 2-1 

h our So? fk* Daiunte second place with Roma and Parma. vision last year. •" ■ 

Filippo Inzaghi and Alessandro Del Roma routed visiting Napoli, 6-2, as Spain Oscar Garcia scored twice 
Piero, who are competing for starting the Argentine striker Abel Balbo Sunday to give Barcelona a hard- 
spots on Italy’s team for the crucial scored three times to raise his career fought 3-2 victray over Tenerife and a 
World Cup qualifier agains t- En gland four-point lead in the first divisiOQ. 

next weekend, scored three minutes M - American* Pace 18 „ MaUorca * “ l . sec °!“ i P 1 *** tied at 

apart Sunday to rally Juventus to a 2-1 Menco ael P s Americans, rage Compostela, 2-2, while Atteftco M ad- 

victory over Fiorentina in Turin. rid jumped to sixth with a convincing 

Juventus, the reigning Italian cham- total to 102, a record for a foreigner in 2-0 vietoiy at Oviedo. Real Madrid 
pion, trailed 1-0 after the goal by Luis Serie A. Parma drew, 0-0, at Vicenza, was held 0-0 at home by Deportivo La 
Oliveria. inraghi tied the score in the AC Milan got its first victory, beat- Coruna and lies fourth. 

33d minute and then set up Del Piero's ing host Empoli, 1-0, on a goal by After Barcelona fell behind 2-1 and 
winning shot three minutes later. Gab- Andreas Andersson in the 68th minute, the crowd booed coach, Louis van 
riel Batistuta failed to score' for Milan pot an end to its worst season Gaal. Garcia tied the game before half- 
Fiorentina for the first time this season, start in 50 years but had trouble against time and Luis Enrique won it in die 
Juventus moved into a share of Empoli. which was in the second di- second half. (AP, Reuters! 

second place with Roma and Parma. 

Roma routed visiting Napoli, 6-2, as 
the Argentine striker Abel Balbo 
scored three times to raise his career 

Mexico Helps Americans. Page 18 

total to 102, a record for a foreigner in 
Serie A. Parma drew, 0-0, at Vicenza. 

AC Milan got its first victory, beat- 
ing host Empoli, 1-0, on a goal by 
Andreas Andersson in the 68th minute. 
Milan pat an end to its worst season 
start in 50 years but had trouble against 
Empoli. which was in the second di- 

Mariners Stay Alive in Playoffs With 4-2 Victory in Baltimore 

By Buster Olney 

New York Times Service 

BALTIMORE — Lon Piniella, the Seattle Mar- 
iners’ manager, stepped through the back doors at 
Camden Yards, his team one defeat away from 

“You make any plans for tomorrow?’ ’ he asked 
the attendant, John Grand. 

Well, Grand said, wearing his black-and-orange 

Braves to face Marlins for NL title. Page 19. 

vest, he intended to take the day off if the Orioles 
won Game 3 of the American League division 
series Saturday and completed a sweep. 

“Don’t make any plans," Piniella said, a 
twinkle in his eye. . 

Grand was back at work Sunday for Game 4, 
forced by Jeff Fassero's extraordinary 4-2 victory 
against Baltimore. Fassero lasted into the ninth 
inning, throwing 136 pitches and giving the Mar- 

iners at least one more day of life in the playoffs. 

Fassero threw a whopping 70 pitches in the first 
three innings but held Ore Orioles off through the 
middle innings as be tired. 

No credible reinforcement was available from die 
notorious Seattle bullpen, which allowed 15 hits and 
10 runs in 8 16 innings in the first two games of the 
series. Fassero's pitch count mounted, beyond 100 
in the sixth, approaching 1 30 in the eighth. He clung 
to a 2-0 lead through eight innings, having retired 1 8 
straight batters, having thrown 132 pitches. But 
there was no action in the Seattle bullpen. 

What occurred next, as the Mariners prepared to 
bat in the top of the ninth, infuriated Piniella. 

The Baltimore reliever, Arthur Rhodes, who had 
pitched in the seventh and eighth, went to the 
mound to warm up for the ninth and immediately 
complained of soreness in his arm, pointing to his 
left biceps. 

Davey Johnson, the Orioles ' manager, called for 
Teny Mathews, a reliever who had been sitting in . 
the bullpen. 

Piniella stalked out of the dugout, convinced that 

die Orioles were merely trying to delay the game 
and allow more time for Fassero's arm to stiffen as 
he sat on the bench, and Piniella yelled from a 
distance at Johnson. 

"I don’t know if the young man was hurt or 
not,” Piniella said later, “but I thought it was a 
ploy to keep my pitcher sitting for an extra 1 0 or 15 

Johnson said, “I wish I was that smart” 

If that was Johnson's strategy, it backfired when 
Mathews gave up back-to-back homers to Jay 
Buhner ana Paul Sorrento, extending Seattle's lead 
to 4-0. 

But when Fassero came out to pitch the bottom 
of the ninth, he walked Gerooimo Berroa on four 
pitches and was too stiff to continue. 

Heathcliff Slocumb took over on the mound for 
Seattle, and Baltimore mounted a rally. Jeffrey 
Hammonds hit a two-run double, and pinch hitler 
Harold Baines came to the place as the potential 
tying ran. But Baines popped out, leaving Fassero 
to proclaim this was “the biggest day of my life so 

One can only imagine what Piniella was think- 
ing in the first inning, when the Orioles forced 
Fassero to throw a staggering 30 pitches — 15 of 
them after the second baseman Joey Cora botched 
a potential doable play with a poor throw. 

With two out in the second, Baltimore's 
shortstop Mike Bordick fouled off five two-strike 
pitches before drawing a walk. The Orioles had 14 
two- strike foul balls in the first five innings, and 
Fassero’s pitch count rocketed. 

But the Orioles could not push any runs across. 
They loaded the bases with two outs in the first 
inning, before Fassero saved himself by stopping 
B J. SurhofPs grounder with his right foot. They 
bad runners at second and third and nobody out in 
the third, but got nothing. 

Fassero got through the fifth inning with only 
seven pitches. Finally, a breather. 

Fassero kept going into the ninth, insuring that . 
John Grund and all the other Baltimore stadium J 
workers would report for work again Sunday — 
hoping, like all Baltimore fans, for a day off 

O’Neill’s Grand Slam Gives Yankees a 2-1 Edge 

hm Moor/nic Awuacd Pr*i 

Charles Nagy pitching for the In- 
dians, who lost Game 3 at home. 

By Jack Curry 

New Yort Times Service 

CLEVELAND — Paul O’Neill 
shouted “Get out, get out" and flailed 
his arms forward to tzy to nudge the ball 
over the center-field fence as he jogged 
toward first base. 

He stayed focused on the ball that was 
about to become a grand slam, but it did 
not need extra guidance. It left Jacobs 
Field and put the Yankees one triumph 
away from the American League Cham- 
pionship Series. 

O’Neill's slam came off the reliever 
Chad Ogea and made Charles Nagy feel 
queasy for loading the bases in the fourth 
inning cm walks and leaving the mess for 
someone else to try and tidy up. 

But Ogea could not find the broom 
because he could not find foe proper 
pitch to throttle O'NeilL So the Yankees 
scampered to a 6-1 victory over the 
Indians in Game 3 of the division series 
in Cleveland. 

Because David Wells held onto the 
cushion O'Neill provided, the Yanks 
took a 2-1 edge in the best of five series. 
Now the Yankees hope that Dwight 
Gooden can outduel Orel Heishisher in 
Game 4 on Sunday night and secure the 

Even before his £rand slam, O’Neill 
figured the defending champion Yan- 
kees would enjoy a sweet weekend in 

“I think everybody packed for a week 
thinking that we're going to win here 
and then go on to Baltimore,” O’Neill 
said before the game. 4 ‘If you come here 
thinking you’re going to lose, why even 
get in foe playoffs? You get into the 

§ layoffs so you can get to the World 
cries and win the World Series.” 
O'Neill was confident before facing 
Nagy, who has performed like one of 
New York's batting practice pitchers 
this season, and his confidence was ob- 
viously well-founded since he also 
drove in a ran with a single in the first to 

give him five runs batted in for the 
game. It was the most by a Yankee in the 
postseason since Thurman Munson de- 
livered five in Game 5 of die 1978 
World Series. 

Nagy allowed two hits in 3 % innings, 
but four of foe six Yankees he waited 
scored on a depressing but hardly sur- 
prising night for die right-hander. He 
was 0-2 and gave up 18 earned runs in 
nine inning s to the Yankees in three 
starts this year. This time the Yankees 
rally had four hits but won. 

Unlike Nagy, Wells was sharp while 
limiting foe Indians to one run and five 
hits in pitching a complete game. While 
he had only one strikeout, be allowed no 

O’Neill ripped New Yotfc’s eighth 
grand slam in postseason history to cli- 
max an aggravating inning that will 
probably haunt foe Indians. 

After run-scoring singles from 
O’Neill in the first and Tino Martinez in 
the third, the Yanks led, 2-1, in the 

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fourth. Joe Girardi, who had walked, 
was cm second with two outs as Nagy 
fell behind 2-0 to Tim Raines. 

The Cleveland manager, Mike Har- 
grove, instructed Nagy to walk Raines. 
It was a curious decision. Raines was 14 
for 32 lifetime against Nagy, but why 
did Hargrove want to put another runner j 
on with a pitcher who had already been 
so erratic? 

Nagy jumped ahead of Derek Jeter (3 
for 12 off Nagy) with a 1-2 count, but 
threw three straight balls to walk him, till 
the bases and begin to spoil the strategy. 

Hargrove summoned Ogea, a right- 
hander who had retired O'Neill all five 
times he had opposed him in his career. 
Ogea mimicked Nagy by working foe 
count to 3-2 before tossing a 1 pitch foal 
was chest high and down the middle. 
O’Neill slashed the ball and watched if 
Bail toward center. 

“I don't think anyone in here has lost 
any confidence that we can't win this 
series,” O’Neill said. 

AT&T Access Numbers 

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