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The World’s Daily Newspaper 


London, Thursday, October 9, 1997 

No. 35,647 

Greenspan Sees Economy 
On ‘Unsustainable Track 9 

Stock Market Pulls Back, but Without Conviction 

By Brian Knowlton 

International Herald Tribune 

John $dtuWRniirT> 

. Maurice Papon, center, arriving Wednesday at the court in Bordeaux after spending the night in-prison. 

Wounds of Vichy France Reopen 

Papon, 87, Remains Defiant as Trial Begins in Bordeaux 

By Craig R. Whitney 

New York Times Service 

BORDEAUX, France — Maurice Papon, the highest- 
ranking official of occupied France to lace charges of 
complicity in German crimes against humanity, went on 
trial Wednesday behind a bullet-proof plastic shield in a 
Court of Assizes courtroom crowded with lawyers and 
relatives of some of the 1.560 Jews he allegedly sent to 

- “It is not a state that is being judged here,' ' said the chief 
prosecutor, Henri Desclanx. “It is still less a nation or a city 

— it is a man.” 

The 87-year-old defendant, white-haired and wearing a 

blue blazer, sat with his arms defiantly crossed as the 
proceedings slowly got under way in the Palace of Justice. 
He is charged with being all too ready to do the Nazis' 
bidding on Jews in southwestern France, where he was 
secretary-general of the Gironde territorial department and 
in charge of “Jewish questions" between 1942 and 1944, 
during the German occupation. 

Many historians. French and foreign, have concluded 
since the mid-1970s that going too far to meet German 
demands instead of resisting them or resigning was the 
greatest mistake of many officials of the collaborationist 
regime set up in Vichy after the Germans defeated the 

See VICHY, Page 10 

WASHINGTON — Alan Greenspan, 
the Federal Reserve Board chairman, 
warned Wednesday that labor-market 
pressures were mounting inexorably 
and that the U.S. economy was on an 
“unsustainable track," comments that 
stunned stock and bond markets in the 
United States and abroad. 

Amid growing economic uncertain- 
ties, he said, “It clearly would be un- 
realistic to look for a continuation of 
stock-market gains of anything like the 
magnitude of those recorded in the past 
couple of years.” 

The Dow Jones industrial average, 
which reacts speedily to most Fed pro- 
nouncements, promptly sank on Mir. 
Greenspan 's pointed remarks before the 
House of Representatives’ Banking 

But in an unusual show of indecision, 
the blue-chip stock index took almost an 
hour to shed 100 points. The Dow then 
seesawed around its lows for the rest of 
the day and closed at 8,095.06, down 
83.25 points. 

In die credit markets, die 30-year 
Treasury bond dropped 1 20/32 points, 
taking its yield up to 635 percent from 
6.23 percent Tuesday. 

Mr. Greenspan's comments did not 
have quite the impact of his warning 
Dec. 6 of “irrational exuberance" in the 
markets, which briefly goaded the Dow 
down 145 points. 

His latest comments, nevertheless, 
were a “ringing wake-up call,'’ said 
Cary Leahey, U.S. chief economist for 
High-Frequency Economics. 

“He’s sending a school teacher’s 

ruler across the knuckles of investors, 
saying, 'You guys are getting too fat and 
happy,’ ” Mr. Leahey said. 

Alan Leveason, director of research at 
Aubrey Lanston & Co., called Mr. 
Greenspan’s focus on labor market tight- 
ness “hugely new.*’ Only months ago, a 
Greenspan reference before Congress to 
labor tightness was “a footnote,” Mr. 
Levenson said. On Wednesday, the 
problem was '’clearly in the spotlight” 
The message was this, Mr. Levenson 
said: “Employment growth has been in 
excess of population growth, ami in the 
long term it cannot be sustained.” 

In contrast Mr. Greenspan's com- 
ments in his semiannual report to Con- 
gress in July had sent the markets to 
record highs when he said that “im- 
portant pieces of information, while just 
suggestive at this point could be read as 
indicating basic improvement in the 
longer-term efficiency of the econo- 
my.” The market interpreted those 
comments to mean the Fed chairman 
now subscribed to the view that it was 
possible to sustain solid economic 
growth without inflation. 

But on Wednesday, Mr. Greenspan, 
although noting again that the economy 
had exceeded expectations, added that 
the labor market’s performance “sug- 
gests that the economy has been on an 
unsustainable track. * ' 

Part of the country's economic 
health, he said, was a result not of 
“prudent attitudes and actions” but of 
the emergence of '‘benevolent forces 
largely external to die fiscal process.” 

These, he said, included the eud of the 
Cold War, which has allowed military 

See GREENSPAN^ Page 14 

Netanyahu- Arafat Surprise Meeting Is Called ‘Very Good’ 

By Serge Schmemann 

New York Tunes Service 

JERUSALEM — Prime Minister Benjamin 
Netanyahu and Yasir Arafat, chairman of the Pal- 
estinian Authority, met Wednesday in their first 
face-to-face meeting in eight months. 

The meeting, coming amid a mood of crisis, was 
a U.S.-mediated effort to find ways out of a freeze 
in peace efforts. 

The encounter, at a Gaza Strip border check- 
point, lasted two and a half hours. 

Neither leader made a comment on leaving. But 
Dennis Ross, the American peace mediator who set 
up the session, and also attended, described it as a 
* ‘very good meeting. ” 

’ ‘They both reaffirmed the need to continue the 
process.” he said. “I think at some point they 
mentioned this as a new start for both leaders. They 
agreed that they should seek the resumption of 
negotiations on all levels, including the level of 

The surprise meeting was set up after daylong 
shuttling Tuesday by Mr. Ross. 

The negotiator’s latest -mission to die Middle 
East has been overshadowed by a storm over the 
capture of two Israeli secret service "hit men” in 
Jordan, and their subsequent exchange for Sheikh 
Ahmed Yassin, the founder of the Hamas move- 

Mr. Ross's mission grew out of Secretary of 
State Madeleine Albright's visit to the region last 
month, and her subsequent talks with Israeli and 
Palestinian negotiators in New York- 

One result was the resumption of joint com- 
mittee meetings this week on such various out- 

*■> 11 Kim Jong II Assumes Leadership 

TOKYO — Kim Jong II assumed 
North Korea’s top leadership post 
Wednesday, ending a formal three- 
year vacuum of power in his country 
after the death of his father. 

Some experts believe that his el- 
evation creates possibilities for far- 
reaching changes in North Korea that 
could reverberate around the Pacific 
rim. Page 5. 

Koreas 5 Pact Opens Skies 

Use of North’s Airspace to Save Time and Fuel 

By Thomas Crarnpton 

hucrrwtional Herald Tribune 

BANGKOK — A milestone aviation 
agreement signed here Wednesday will 
allow any foreign commercial flight to 
cross North Korea for the first time 
since 1945. 

The deal will bring desperately 
needed cash to the crippled North 
Korean economy as well as alter re- 
gional air routes, saving cost and time 
for airlines. 

■ “This is a landmark accord in non- 
litical relations between the two 

5,” the Ministry of Transporta- 
tion and Construction in Seoul sard. 

' The two Koreas signed the agreement 
on- the same day Kim Jong D was named 
head of die North's ruling party, ending a 
three- year official power vacuum since 
the rfgath of his father, Kim II Sung. It 
marks a literal opening up in what could 
be a longer-term change in the rela- 
tionship between Seoul and Pyongyang. 

At present, apart from the few airlines 
that fly to North Korea, only Russian 
and Chinese airlines fly over the coun- 
try. Other commercial airlines ore 
forced to skirt the airspace when flying 
polar routes between North America and 
some parts of Asia, adding up to three- 
quarters of an hour to some flights. 

The agreement could also cut flight 
times significantly between the Russian 
Far East and the rest of Asia. 

“It’s been a black mark right smack in 
the middle of North Asia for 50 years,” 
said Tom Ballantyne, chief correspon- 
dent of Orient Aviation magazine. “The 
ramifications are significant for the en- 
tire Pacific air trade.” 

The shorter flight time would mean 
annual fuel savings worth 5125 million, 
the International Air Transport Asso- 
ciation has estimated. North Korea 
stands to earn about $5 million a year for 
selling its “overfly” rights. 

The cost and time benefits of flying 
over North Korea would be felt by most 
by Korea Air, Asiana, United Airlines, 
Delta, Northwest Airlines. American 
Airlines, All Nippon Airways and Japan 
Airlines, Mr. Ballantyne said. 

“Carriers like Federal Express and 
Evergreen that .use South Korea as a 
cargo hub will also have considerable 
savings.” he said. 

European airlines serving South 
Korea and some other Asian locations 
likewise could benefit. 

A Korea Air spokesman said that de- 

See KOREA, Page 18 


Bobby Yipffienwn 

A protester outside the Hong Kong legislature. 

Hong Kong Leader Offers 
His Visions for the Future 

After 100 days in office, the first postcolonial leader of 
Hong Kong laid out his vision for a city that will become a 
high-tech service center closely linked with southern 
China, where education and housing will improve and the 
elderly will get more care, but where full democracy must 
wait another decade. Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa’s 
first policy address to the local legislature Wednesday was 
largely bereft of any discussion of politics or civil liberties, 
focusing instead on the social issues that might occupy any 
big city mayor. Page 10. 

White House Denial on Videos 

President Bill Clinton, who denies Republican accu- 
sations that his administration has deliberately withheld 
evidence in the fund-raising investigations, said Wednes- 
day that videotapes of donor events at the White House 
showed that “no one has done anything wrong here.’ ’ 

Mr. Clinton spoke as his former deputy chief of staff, 
Harold Ickes, appeared for a second day before a Senate 
committee looking into campaign fund-raising abuses. 

The hearing Wednesday probed into questions of wheth- 
er the White House knew about an illegal donation scheme 
involving unions. Page 3 


Nature's at Home in No- Man's- Land 

EUROPE Page 6. 

A Ray of Hope b Seen in Rome 


Air Patrols Cher Iraq Stepped Up 

Books.... Pag* 7. 

Crossword Page U. 

Opinion — Pages 8-9. 

Sports Pages 20-21. 

The IHT on-line 

The Dollar 

Naur York 

Wednesday • 4 P.M. 

previous dow 















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Wednesday don 





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Wednesday ©4 PAL 

previous do« 




Q&A: Cohen on China 

The U.S. defense secretary, Wil- 
liam Cohen, visiting Europe for con- 
sultations, tells the International Her- 
ald Tribune that the United States 
hopes to promote stability in Asia 
through recent changes in military ties 
with Japan and continued military 
contacts with China. Especially re- 
garding China, Mr. Cohen says that 
strong militaxy-to-militazy contacts 
and “more transparency in their mil- 
itary programs can solidify relations 
and avoid tensions.’' Page 10. 

standing issues as a Palestinian aiiportiri Gaza and 
a safe-transit route between the Gaza Strip and the 
West Bank. 

The meeting apparently also dealt with issues of 
resuming negotiations on advancing the political 
process. These have been stalled since Israel broke 
ground last March on a new housing project for 
Jews in East Jerusalem. 

Mrs. Albright has urged Israel to take a “time- 
out” from settlement construction while seeking to 

See MIDEAST, Page 10 

Alan Greenspan, who said labor- 
market pressures were mounting. 

Asks IMF 
For Bailout 

Economists Expect 
Request for $10 Billion 

By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE; — In an effort to halt a 
damaging downward spiral in the value 
of its currency, Indonesia said Wednes- 
day that it would seek help from the 
International Monetary Fund and other 
institutions to buttress its foreign-ex- 
change reserves. 

While Indonesian officials did not 
say how much money they would seek, 
bankers and economists expect to see a 
loan package of $5 billion to $ 10 billion 

— much less than the $17.2 billion 
bailout put together for Thailand in Au- 
gust by the IMF, the World Bank, Japan 
and outer Asia-Pacific nations. 

Indonesia is the third country, after 
Thailand and the Philippines, to turn to 
the fund for foreign exchange support 
since Bangkok was forced to let its cur- 
rency, the baht, start to fall July 2, trig- 
gering currency and stock-market tur- 
moil in other Southeast Asian countries. 

Jakarta's decision to seek fund as- 
sistance, including standby credit, is in- 
tended to “break this vicious circle,” 
said Seema Desai, regional economist at 
Schroder Securities Asia Ltd. 

“The more pressure there is on the 
rupiah, the less likely it is that Indone- 
sian companies can service their 
debts,” she said. 

Indonesia’s’ net reserves are not as 
low as Thailand’s. 

But although Jakarta has announced 

various measures to stabilize the rupiah 

and restore business and investor con- 
fidence, its currency has fallen by nearly 
34 percent against the dollar since July 1 

— further than the Thai baht; at 29 
percent, or the Philippine peso, which 
has dropped 26 percent 

Last week alone, the rupiah plunged 
17 percent as Indonesian companies 
scrambled to buy dollars to pay for 
imports and cover their heavy onshore 
borrowings, while exporters withheld 
dollar earnings in anticipation that the 
rupiah would fall further in value. 

In reaction to die government’s move 
Wednesday, the rupiah strengthened, 
with the do liar falling to 3, 640 JO rupiah 
from 3,692J)Q on Tuesday. The Jakarta 
Stock Market Composite Index rose 4.99 
points, or nearly 1 percent, to S 18.94. 

Miss Desai and ocher economists said 
that if the IMF package failed to restore 
confidence, Indonesia would probably 
have to seek negotiations with foreign 
creditors to delay repayment of part of 
its total national debt, which amounted 
to $109 billion at the end March. The 
private sector owes more than $55 bil- 

* See JAKARTA, Page 18 

Newsstand Prices 

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Cyprus .CE 1.00 

Denmark -...1400 DKr 

Finland 1200 FM 

Gibraltar— £0.85 

Great Britain. ~£OJ90 

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Jordan 1.250 JD 

Kenya ...-K. SH 160 
Kuwait 700 FBs 

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Saufi Arabia —10 SR 
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UAE. 1O.00Dh 

U.S. M3.(6jr.)_J5 1.20 

France Faces Isolation in Europe Over 35-Hour Week Proposal 

By Alan Friedman 

Intenutkntal Herald Tribune 

: 111 

9 "770294 


PARIS — As Prime Minister Lionel Jospin, 
trade unions and employers in France prepare to 
meet Friday to discuss reducing the working week 
to 35 hours, the notion that such a move might help 
to cut unemployment is being lambasted across 
much of Europe. 

A workweek reduction, one of the promises 
mode by Mr. Jospin during his election campaign 
last spring, is seen by a number of economists, 
businessmen and European policymakers os a re- 

cipe for disaster. If the 39-hour workweek were to 
be officially shortened, it would not make a dent in 
France’s 12.5 percent jobless rate, they argue. 
Rather, the effects would be to increase businesses’ 


labor costs (ike overtime, reduce productivity and 
profits at many companies, and nuke France a less 
competitive economy. 

By contrast,, its proponents, mainly French and 
Belgian trade unions and Italian Communists, say 
it would preserve existing jobs by reducing the 

hours worked, and would cut unemployment by 
then causing companies to hire new workers who 
would work the remaining time. 

For Mr. Jospin, who on Wednesday watched 
French transportation workers stage a strike aimed 
at pressuring his leftist government to make good 
on the cam paign promise, toe conference On Friday 
will be a major political test 

But tills politically sensitive issue is not re- 
stricted to France. 

through legislation is ffcoom of the key planks of 
the extreme-left Refounded Communists, who have 

been threatening to bringdown the government c 
Prime Minister Romano Prodi. 

Mr. Prodi instead has proposed legislation tht 
would offer tax incentives to companies that at 
able to negotiate, case-by-case, reductions i 
working time. Tiziano Treii, Italy’s employmei 
minister, has said that aiaw forcing all companie 
to reduce (he workweek to 35 hours “would be 

See FRANCE, Page 18 
EU proposes transfers of pensions, 

t . . 



The Korean Front / Nature Reigns as Soldiers Fear to Tread 

Where Wildlife Thrives in No-Man’ s-Land 

By Maty Jordan 

Wtuftifl jtoi Paa Srrvtfc 

T AESONGDONG, South Korea — If the 
elegant Manchurian crane knows that a 
mi ili on soldiers and thousands of pieces of 
artillery are watching him, he doesn’t let on. 
He struts and preens, proud and free among the land 
mines in one of the world’s most dangerous places. 

The Demilitarized Zone that separates Nor* and 
South Korea is deadly for hu mans but has become 
one of Asia’s most hospitable hones for rare plants 
and animals The 3-foot-tall crane and more than 140 
other kinds of wildlife found almost nowhere else on 
the Korean Peninsula live here, and endangered 
migratory birds stop in for a peaceful rest 

Two rival armies snarl at each other across the 
divide, a strip of land 151 miles (242 kilometers) 
long and 2o miles wide. Oblivious, swans and 
geese dive for food in clear rivers and wild purple 
asters bend by the millions in the autumn breeze in 
this scenic no-man’s- land — the unintended 
byproduct of four decades of human hatred. 

As rugged as the Rocky Mountains in the east and 
as wild as a jungle in the center, the DMZ is catchin g 
the attention of many environmentalists who are 
concerned that the two Koreas might unify and the 
bountiful nature preserve could become a crowded 
suburb practically overnight 

“It's ironic it’s so beautiful,” said Lieutenant 
Colonel James Lanfeuburg of the U.S. Army, who 
heads the UN Co mman d’s security battalion at the 

Soldiers are occasionally shot here when they 
step over the line down the middle of the DMZ, or 
even come too dose, as happened to a North Korean 
soldier last month. Many here joke that this kind of 
instant- death is the only thing that keeps developers 
away from what has become known as one or the 
most pristine green spaces left in Aria. 

. A four-story building under construction in Pan- 
munjom, the main South Korean military check- 
point along the DMZ, crystallizes the worry that the 
ho nking sounds of wild geese might soon fade 
away, replaced by honking Hyundai cars. The gov- 
ernment building is to house offices of the Ministry 
of National Unification and the Red Cross, and will 
serve as a site for future peace talks . Those familiar 
with the building plans say it is being configured so 
it also could serve as a checkpoint for passport 
control and visa processing for future travelers 
between North and South Korea. 

What is alarming people is that if peace comes to 
die peninsula, developers pouring concrete will 
come, too. Every month, developmen t creeps nearer 
to the DMZ. The heart of Seoul is about 30 miles to 
the south, but its metropolitan area keeps reaching 
closer to the demarcation line that armistice ne- 
gotiators drew after the Korean War in 1953. One 
area about 15 miles south of the DMZ. called Kimpo 
Peninsula, had about 6,000 residents five years ago. 
Today it has 250,000. 

That kind of building concerns people such as 
Yoon Moo Boo, a renowned South Korean biologist 
and bird specialist. Mr. Yoon is occasionally es- 
corted into the DMZ by UN soldiers stationed at 
Pannnmjom to count endangered birds. He wants 
die area kept as a sanctuary. 

Because the DMZ has been left to nature for 
almost half a century, it has become an important 
stop on what is known as the East Asia Migratory 
Flyway, a place for rare Manchurian cranes. Siberi- 

7 he Demilitarised Zone has become haven for wildlife, including 3-foot-tall 
Manchurian cranes. There is growing concern that if peace comes to the Korean 
Peninsula, one of the most pristine green spaces left in Asia could be lost 

an herons, ducks and geese to stop off and rest. “Of 
course it should be presented,” Mr. Yoon said. 

But he is not optimistic. He says South Korea’s 
ambitious developers and lax environmental pro- 
tection laws are conspiring against the DMZ. 

But there is some action toward preservation. In 
May. the Presidential Commission for Promoting 
Globalization, headed by South Korea's prime min- 
ister. recommended “selectively" preserving the 
“ecological integrity” of the DMZ. 

Na Jung Kyun, a South Korean environmental 
official, said his agency was looking at the com- 
mission’s report and conferring with government 
construction and transportation officials on a co- 
ordinated plan for preserving the DMZ. In the event 
of peace, one immediate problem officials see is that 
there will be an urgent demand for roads and for 
water, sewer and phone installations — and they 
might not be welcome to the Korean tigers, pheas- 
ants and other wildlife that have not been bothered 
by humans since the 1950s. 


very year, in one of the world’s most bizarre 
tours, 180,000 people come to tile DMZ to 
see the “world’s most dangerous border" 
'and the North and South Korean soldiers 
staring at each other, eyeball to eyeball. They are 
often surprised at how pretty it is. 

“Parts of it are spectacular.” said Jim Coles m, 
the spokesman for the U.S. military here. Mr. Coles 
may bold the record for trips to the DMZ — about 
1.500 trips since 1990. He can expound for hours 
about the 11,000 pieces of artillery the North 
Koreans have along die border, much of it encased in 
concrete bunkers or behind metal “blast” doors. 

But he can talk. almost as jjmcb — and did on a 
recent trip here — about the zone's firs, pines and 
aspens, steep ravines and valleys and “gorgeous” 
Siberian geese. 

The only people who live in the DMZ are the 237 

inhabitants of Taesongdong, a fa rming village the 
South Koreans and Americans like to call “Freedom 
Village” as a bit of propaganda against the North. 

Tim village is essentially closed to outsiders, bat 
on a recent, rare visit, there was a brilliant carpet of 
red in front of a military post maybe a nrilHoo or more 
peppers drying in the warm autumn sun. A small boy 
ran aroand' with a toy machine gun, and other children 
played near the village school and its playground. The 
lone church is Presbyterian, with a large spire, and the 
50 houses are small and mostiy brick. 

All of the village’s residents lived here before the 
war or are direct descendants of people who did. 
They have been enticed to stay by an average 
income of $82,000 and no obligation to pay taxes. 
All are farmers, and they tend to their rice paddies, 
ginseng and red peppers under aimed guard. At II 
each night a soldier knocks on their doors to make 
sure they observe the curfew. 

While the money is good here, there are down- 
sides: Laud mines surround the villagers’ paddies. 
One woman was killed four years ago when she left 
the cleared path through the woods and stepped on a 
mine. The vdlagen hear ihree-story-high loudspeak- 
ers blasting propaganda from North Korea, and they 
live with the constant threat of war. They cannot, far 
instance, go swimming in the nearby frnjim River 
nets with metal hooks block the river to snare North 
Korean agents trying to enter Sooth Korea by water. 

Still, it’s a comfortable life for the villagers, who 
say the tension rarely bothers them. They work 
farms many times larger than those in the rest of the 
country. And their produce sells for exceptionally 
high prices, partly because of the novelty and partly 
because the DMZ farmland is considered so pure. 

But no. one. thinks .this. unusual place can last 
forever. Large animals no longer live here because 
anything heavy enough sets off land mines. Now 
[--people worry that when the mines are removed, 
another way of life will be killed. 


French Strike Cuts Public Transport 

PARIS (Reuters) — A 36-hour strike disrupted rail traffic in 
France on Wednesday, causing long waits and packed 

The stoppage, which began Tuesday evening, cut regular 
train andTGV high-speed services from a third and two-thirds 
around France. Eurostar trains between Paris and London via 
the Channel Tunnel were not affected by the strike. 

Parisian suburban train services and the Metro were dis- 
rupted, creating huge traffic jams as more people took their 
cars. Few bus services were affected and a few lines of the 
suburban express trains were running normally. The strike is 
due to aid at 8 A.M. Thursday 

Hurricane Speeds Toward Mexico 

PUERTO ESCONDIDO, Mexico (AP) — Heavy rain 
pelted the southern Mexican Pacific coast Wednesday as a 
hurricane spun toward land with winds of 184 kilometers per 
hour (115 miles per hour). 

Hurricane experts called the storm “very dangerous” and 
said it was expected to hit somewhere along the Oaxaca or 
Guerrero state coast 

Oaxaca state authorities set up 75 emergency shelters and 
federal officials closed six major ports between Acapulco and 
Puerto Madero oo the Pacific coast 

Czechs Need Visas 
To Travel to Canada 

The Associated Press 

OTTAWA — Canada said Tuesday it 
would stan requiring Czech tourists to get 
travel visas because of a surge of Gypsies 
coining from the East European country 
in search of refugee stams. The visa re- 
quirement will take effect Wednesday. 

How the Hit in Jordan! 

► . 

Wounded the Israelis 

By Barton Gellman 

Washington Post Service 

AMMAN — As Khaled Meshal, the 
political leader of the militant Pales- 
tinian group Hamas, drove up to his 
office here on the morning of Sept 25, 
two men were loitering outside the door. 
One was dark and muscular, the other 
bearded and blond. 

The blond man fell in behind Mr. 
Meshal as he left bis car and extended an 
arm to the Hamas leader’s left ear. From 
a lead-colored instrument wrapped in 
tape came a loud popping sound, Mr. 
Meshal said, and a sensation raced down 
his mine “like an electric shock." 

Within minutes of the attack, Mr. 
Meshal’ s bodyguard ran the men down 
and subdued them in a bloody fistfight a 
mile away. And within hours, Mr. Me- 
shal would Lie perilously close to death 
in a military hospital with uncontrol- 
lable vomiting and respiratory arrest 

By tiie following day, U.S. and Jor- 
danian officials said, the two captured 
assailants’ cover identities as Canadian 
tourists had unraveled, and their Jor- 
danian interrogators had recognized 
them as agents of Mossad, the Israeli 
espionage agency. 

The 12 days since have been some of 
the costliest ever for Israel and its stor- 
ied security services. 

King Hussein of Jordan, Israel's 
closest Arab ally, was so enraged by the 
attack in his capital that close confidants 
said he came to toe brink of breaking 
relations with Israel. Canada, protesting 
the breach of previous promises to stop 
forging its passports, recalled its am- 
bassador from Israel. 

According to the Israeli opposition 
leader Ebud Barak, Prime Minister Ben- 
jamin Netanyahu told him that he him- 
self had directed the effort to kill Mr. 
MeshaL Senior American officials con- 
firm that the orders for the attack came 
from the highest levels of the Israeli 

After spraying what American and 
Jordanian officials described as a lethal 
nerve toxin into Mr. Meshal, Israel was 
compelled to meet Jordanian and Amer- 
ican demands to supply the antidote — 
an extraordinary if indirect admission of 
its sponsorship of an assassination at- 

The officials said that Mossad agents 
still in Jordan — participants in toe 
operation who carried the antidote in 
case of accident — turned it over to 
Jordanian doctors the next day. 

American o fficials said the poison, 
which they declined to name, would have 
killed Mr. Mershai within 48 hours. 

The attack on Mr. Meshal had its 
origin, according to Israeli, officials, in 
an emergency cabinet meeting July 30, 
when two Hamas suicide bombers killed 
16 Israelis in the Mahane Yehuda pro- 
duce market in Jerusalem. The cabinet, 
according to two of its members, voted a 
broadly worded authorization to bunt 
down Hamas military leaders wherever 
they could be found. It did not approve 
specific targets or set constraints. 

After shooting the nerve toxin into 
Mr. Meshal, the Israeli agents fled. Mo- 
hammed Abu Saif, the Hamas leader's 
bodyguard, was just arriving in a trail 
car and set off after them on fooL 

The agents jumped into a waiting Hy- 
undai, and Mr. Abo Saif followed after 
flagging down a passing car. The driver 
accelerated after the Hyundai, which 

rounded two curves at high speed hod 
then unexpectedly stoppeato fet tor 
raelis out after less than a mile. Jordanian' 
officials speculated that the Israeli escape 
plan called for a switch to another car. 1 '- ■ 

“I got toe heavily built guy and ’hit! 
him with a right in the face and dropjral; 
him on the ground,'’ Mr. Abu Saif ssuti-- 
“The second guy attacked me, andThit. 
him in toe face. Then the muscular guy; 
got up with a stone in his hand, but I un- 
able to hold his friend, and I used hint as 
a shield.” 

Mr. Abu Saif subdued both agents,- 
and with the help of a passing Jordatiiaif 
security policeman, bundled them into & 
taxi arm took them to toe police station 
at Wadi Seir. When a Canadian consular 
officer arrived some time later, his 
tensible countrymen refused offers to 
provide a lawyer, a doctor or infof^ 
mation to their families in Canada. - : 

Mr. Meshal, meanwhile, soon found; 
he could not stand upright / •" 1 

* Two hours after the attack, be staffed 

with acute vertigo and severe vomiting? 
and he was taken to Islamic Hospital/'; 
said Tshalr Maraqa, a neurosurgeon and 
friend of Mr. Medial's who vfsitecfhis 1 . 
bedside. “While there, he started to hate* 
difficulty breathing. On his majesty V 
orders, he was moved to King Husfeifr 
Medical Center, and there his respiration 
failed.” ■ 

By. the next morning, Friday, Septi; 
26., a fellow member of the Hamas „ 
cabinet, Mousa Abu Maizook, said 
Meshal had a fever of 102 degrees 
did not respond to treatment “The dOfc-^ 
tors analyzed everything,” Mr. Abo 
Maizook. said, “and they couldn’t find, 
what was toe problem.” ' •' 

Jordanian intelligence by this turS? 
knew or surmised teat Mr. Meshal had 
been attacked with some sort of chem- 
ical agent 

In tiie first frantic flurry of telephone 
calls — there were dozens, officials 
said, at every level of both govenunqn^ 
— King Hussein drew the line. If Mr. 
Meshal died, he reportedly told Mr. 
Netanyahu, the Israelis would be tried in 
public and hanged. ' . 

“If the case was not treated and deatfr 
was the result of this attack,” Prime' 
Minister Abdel Salam Majalisaid. “oef- ,• 
tainly things would have developed in 'a r 
very nasty way.’ ' By the end of the day.' 
toe antidote was handed over, appar^ 
ently on orders from Mr. Netanyahu:-* ‘ 

On Sept 27, according to offici&j£ 
from both governments. King Hussein 
telephoned President Bill ClintOll , ttf 
plead for further help in treating-toe 
poison and managing toe crisis. By StnT- 
day, a top-ranking delegation of Israeli 
was in Amman, including Mr. Netati- 
yahu, Defense Minister Yitzhak Mbr- 
decfaai. Infrastructure; Minister Ariel* 
Sharon and the security officials David 
Ivri and Efraim HaJevy. 

Israel wanted its agents’ back. ’ T£er 
king refused to meet Mr. Netanyahu ajftf 
tola toe Israelis through Crown Prince 1 
Hassan that his price would begin with 
the release from prison of Sbeik Ahmetf 
Yassin, toe founder of Hamas — ‘ to’ 
placate Jordan's Islamic opposition.-'- • J 

The crown prince flew to Washingfetti 
on Monday witb a briefcase fell of ttv-' 
idence implicating Israel There,- he 
briefed Mr. Clinton, Vice President- AI 
Gore and Secretary of State Madeleine 1 
Albright, pleading for help to salvage , 
Arab- Israeli relations from what toe J I 
king now regards as a disastrous megs. [ ’ 



Forecast tor Friday through Sunday, as provided by AocdWeather. 




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Eokl- Ups Play Better in Politics Than Cover-Ups 

By R.W. Apple Jr. 

New York limes Soviet 

presidents and their admin- 
istrations would rather spend 
a^jvipter at the South Pole, 
rattier be audited by the In- 
ternal Revenue Service, than 
hare people describe them as 

bubbling and ineffective. 

; , r&tit not Bill Clinton, which 
(spurious and perhaps reveal- 

. 'The president has a grasp 
of Hie details of government 
and, the mechanics of politics 
equaled by no other President 
smpe Lyndon Johnson. He 


Vas formidable memory for 
names, faces and numbers. 
He is, in other words, a thor- 
oughgoing government pro- 

j..Sp when he, and the people 
he.-irusts most; tell the inves- 
tigators hacking through die 
hixuriant undergrowth of 
njpd -raising scandals that 
they, cannot remember ex- 
actly what they said or did. it 

it is when the president 
says blandly, as he aid Mon- 
day, that the failure of die 

ri3eotapes of 44 White 
rtopse coffees in anything ap- 
proaching a timely fashion 
was 1 * 'just an accidenL" 
“-That picture of ineptitude 
is politically highly undesir- 
able, of course. But foul-ups 
still play better in the game of 
pplincs chan do cover-ups. 


Mr. fcfces testifying Wednesday before the Senate panel investigating fund-raising. 

you have a responsibility.’' 

Mr. Thompson added, 
“Clearly, die strategy now is 
to wait this committee out." 

The committee had been 
asking since April whether 
there were tapes of such meet- 
ings, and it had been told no 
again and again. In August, 
the committee specifically 
asked whether the White 
House Communications 
Agency had recorded any 
such events, and again the 
reply was negative. 

That was the agency that 
made the tapes — indeed, it 
tapes large numbers of pres- 
idential events, with a camera 
evident to everyone in the 
room — but when the re- 
quests from the committee 
came in, Mr. Clinton said 
Monday, “probably" 
nobody discussed them with 
the agency. 

For a crucial few days, the 
existence of die tapes was 
hidden even from the attorney 
general. Charles Ruff, the 
White House counsel, knew 
of die tapes when he met with 
Ms. Reno last Thursday, but 
he did not mention them. At 
the time, Ms. Reno was trying 

the tune, Ms. Reno was trying 

Except in die most extreme A1 Gore did anything illegal on Mooday. On Tuesday, he to decide whether Mr. Clin- 
c ire u instances, people do not in raising funds for their 1 996 accused Mr. Clinton of letting ton's participation in the cof- 
accose the president and his re-election campaign. But it Mr. Gore and Attorney Gen- fees constituted grounds to 

* \ \ f it ■v di klhi L'liiT'.l ii. 

l^r:iPrlixfl s’ ^ 

VJ iH'lLril 

Hill, the conviction is wide- 
spread and growing that as a 
conscious policy, the White 
House tells as little as pos- 
sible as late as possible. 

There is nothing necessar- 
ily illegal about that; indeed, 
it is far from clear that either 
Mr. Clinton or Vice President 

look devious, and it prompts 
people to ask whether he is 
hiding things. 

“The defense of incompe- 
tence is wearing thin," said 
Senator Fred Thompson of 
Tennessee', the Republican 
who beads the Governmental 
Affairs Committee. That was 

for things that wots basically 
the president's responsibility, 
in these words: “Much of this 
money that was raised, illegal 
money, was for your campaign 
and for your re-election. This 
is your White House. This is 
your Department of Justice, 
and these are your tapes. And 

Clinton Denies Hiding Video Evidence 

..I The Associated Press 

ident Bill Clinton, brushing 
off;- Republican accusations 
' th|at his administration has de- 
* libcrately withheld evidence 
G} the fund-raising investiga- 
tions. said Wednesday that 
videotapes of donor events at 
the.White House showed that 
‘.‘no one has done anything 
yqong here." 

Clinton spoke as his 
former deputy chief of staff, 
Harold Ickes, appeared for a 
second day before a Senate 
coqjmittee looking into cam- 
paign fund-raising abuses. 
,,:The heating Wednesday 
delved into questions of 
wjwther the White House 
lyKQV about an illegal donation 
scheme involving unions. 

, ;,Mr. Clinton said the White 
ftquse had turned over a hun- 
dred thousand pages of doc- 
uments to the committee, 
caljing »t "a pretty good sign 
of our good faith. ’ ’ 

..-He said he was sure there 
was a logical reason for the 
ntgnths of delay in turning 
qyer the videotapes to the 
^ Senate committee. 

..Senate investigators con- 
fronted Mr. Ickes with doc- 
uments showing that three of- 
ficials implicated in an 
alleged illegal contribution 
swap involving the Teamsters 
union attended a June 1996 
donor event at the White 
House with Mr. Clinton. That 
w as the same month in which 
prosecutors allege Democrat- 
ic officials and Teamsters un- 
ion representatives arranged 
an illegal contribution swap. 

Questioned by the Senate 
committee chairman. Fined 
•’ Thompson, Republican of 
' Tennessee, Mr. Ickes said he 
had “no recollection" of the 
meeting, which White House 
officials said was a luncheon. 

but said he knew nothing 
about die alleged Teamsters’ 
scheme, which is the subject of 
a criminal case in New York. 

Mr. Thompson produced 
White House entry togs 
showing that Martin Davis, a 
consultant to the re-election 
campaign of the Teamsters' 
president, Ron Carey, and 
Clinton-Gore fund-raisers 
Terence Me Auliffe and Laura 
Hartigan entered the White 
House on June 17, 1996, to 
meet the president. 

The meeting was in fact a 
larger donor event that in- 
cluded others, the White 
House said. But Mr. 
Thompson raised the possi- 
bility of an earlier meeting, 
noting that the three .were 
cleared into the White House 
residential quaiters 45 
minutes before the luncheon. 

Nonetheless, four . days 
later, the union honored a re- 
quest by the Democratic Na- 
tional Committee for 
$236,500 in donations to state 
and local parties — an action 
prosecutors alleged were part 
of an illegal swap arrange- 
ment in which the party 
would also find a $100,000 
donor to Mr. Carey's re-elec- 
tion at the union. 

Mr. Ickes said he had no 
recollection ever meeting 
with Mr. Davis. 

The White House special 
counsel, Lanny Davis, asser- 
ted Wednesday that Mr. 
Thompson “deliberately 
misled" the public by failing 
to disclose that the events he 
referred to as meetings with 
Mr. Clinton were, in fact. 
Democratic National Com- 
mittee events that inducted 
other people. 

“Senator Thompson refer- 
ring to these events as ‘meet- 
ings' somehow connected 
with the criminal investigation 

involving the Teamsters is at 
best misleading,'' the special 
counsel said. “It is unfortu- 
nate that Senator Thompson 
does notthink it is necessary to 
tell the complete story during 
his questioning today." 

Mr. Ickes was defiant in his 
opening statement on Tues- 
day, saying has no apologies 
about raising large sums of 
money to stay competitive 
with the Republican Party 
during the 1996 campaign. 

■ 2 Agree lo Testify 

Two Democratic fund- 

raisers have agreed to testily 
in exchange For immunity 
that Mr. Clinton’s presiden- 
tial campaign in 1992 and the 
Democratic Party engaged in 
an array of questionable ac- 
tivities, a House committee 
disclosed Wednesday. 

The two fund-raisers, Gene 
and Nora Lum, will testify 
about a $50,000 donation to 
the Clinton campaign in 
1992. financial help offered 
by the Riady family of In- 
donesia and die Lums' work 
with die Democratic National 

merited court appointment of 
an independent counsel. 

Only after she sent an ex- 
culpatory report to Congress, 
and alter Tune magazine re- 
ported the tapes' existence, 
were they sent to the Justice 

George Stephanopqulous, 
who was a senior adviser in 
the Clinton administration 
during the first term, said the 
delay in disclosing the tapes 
was probably mare a problem 
of poor supervision and in- 
adequate communication be- 
tween the archival staff and 
White House aides than a de- 
liberate cover-up. 

He said the tapes showed 
nothing damaging. “What 
the conspiracy theorists miss 
is a big piece of the puzzle — 
motive. For their point to 
have merit, they have to be 
able to explain why the White 
House would want to cover 
up info rmatio n that would ex- 
onerate the president.” 

But much the same pattern 
of delay has applied all 
through the Clinton admin- 


A missing set of Hillary 
Rodham Clinton's legal 
billing records belatedly ma- 
terialized in the private quar- 
ters at the White House, In 
dribs and drabs, the White 
House put out conflicting ac- 
counts in 1994 of how Mrs. 
Clinton came to make a 
killing in the commodities 
markets more than a decade 

On cam paign finance, the 
White House at first said it 
had never heard of John 
Huang, a major fund-raiser 
for the Democrats, only to 
acknowledge later that be bad 
visited the place 78 times in 
15 months.' 

And only after it was .an- 
nounced that Harold Ickes, 
the former deputy White 
House chief of staff, would 
testify before the Senate com- 
mittee on Tuesday did the 
White House deliver elec- 
tronic-mail messages from 
his files that the committee 
bad been seeking for many 

The question is why all tile 
obfuscation and telling of 

Inevitably, the effort to 
camouflage, to minimize, to 
delay becomes the focus of 

event in question. The tapes 
may show, as Mr. Thompson 
noted, that contrary to re- 
peated White House asser- 
tions, the president met with 
donors not only in the res- 
idential quarters but also in 
the Oval Office itself. 

But that is a detail, and 
Americans have shown them- 
selves to be largely uncon- 
cerned with details, espe- 
cially where no illegality has 
been established. As Mr. 
Thompson suggested, the 
public tends to put much of 
the administration's fund- 
raising frenzy down to ‘ ‘a cer- 
tain exuberance or certain ex- 
cesses or certain things that 
maybe everybody did in fact 
do.' ’ and leave it at thaL 
What exacts & political 
price and slowly erodes any 
president's capacity to lead is 
whal is beginning to happen 
now: fair-minded politicians 
of both parties develop the 
nagging suspicion that the ad- 
ministration does not tell the 
truth — in full, and on time — 
because it cannot afford to. 

Campaign Reform 
Expires in Senate 

By Eric Schmitt 

• .Vw Fart Times Sen ure 

WASHINGTON — The Senate has all but buried a 
overhaul the country's campaign-financing system. 

Ih successive procedural votes Tuesday, senators failed to 
halt debate on two competing proposals. That resulted in a 
stalemate and prevented an up-or-aown decision on the leg- 
* ■ , islation itself. 

\ -Senator Trent Lon of Mississippi, the majority leader and a 
strong opponent of the bill, said the votes showed that there 
u-a& “no consensus" on the issue and then moved the Senate 
on to other business. 

Mr. Lott said he had “held up my end of the bargain" by 
avowing 22 hours of debate on reform legislation. " 

Supporters of the basic bill, most of them Democrats, 
accused Mr. Loti of burying it by rigging debate, barring any 
amendments other than his own and (hen blocking a vote on 
that measure when Democrats and Republican defectors ap- 
peared ready to defeat it. Proponents vowed to continue a 
tong-shot fight this week to keep the bill's faint hopes alive. 

■ “We’re going to prevail sooner or later," said Senator 
Russell Feingold, Democrat of Wisconsin, who sponsored tire 
bill with Senator John McCain, Republican of Arizona. 

- But when Mr. Feingold and the other 44 Democrats needed 

has led the floor fight against the bill for two weeks, declared: 
“McCain-Feingpld is dead." 

; He added: “This effort to put the government in charge of 
political discussion is not going to pass now, is not going to 
pass tomorrow, is not going to pass ever.” 

■ The bill would ban the unlimited and unregulated con- 
tributions known as “soft money" and more clearly define 
advertisements that champion candidates and those that are 
supposed to advocate issues. 

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Court Voids Limits 
On Statehouse Stay 

California’s Cutoff Vote Overruled 

By William Booth 

WuAiff gion Pair Service 

LOS ANGELES — A federal appeals court panel 
overturned California's term limits for state legislators, a 
decision that could transform the political landscape of this 
huge state as politicians scramble for seats they thought must 
be surrendered. 

The appeals court’s decision Tuesday did not address the 
issue of the constitutionality of term limits. Instead the three- 
judge panel, ruling 2 to 1 , found that voters had not been made 
fully aware dial the 1990 referendum would impose lifetime 
bans on officeholders whose terms bad expired. 

Term limits laws have swept much of the country, with 
some 19 states embracing such limits for state legislatures and 
39 imposing restrictions on terms of office for governors. The 
ruling could push the politically potent issue before the U.S. 
Supreme Court, according to legal authorities. 

The ruling profoundly alters the political calculus in Cali- 
fornia and it does so immediately for 26 state legislators who 
were about to be forced from office by term limits. That list 
includes two of the most powerful Democrats in the state, Cruz 
Bustamante, the Assembly speaker, and Bill Lockyer, the 
Senate president pro tern. Both were set to be “termed out" 
next year and had been angling for other offices. 

The filing deadline for the 1998 state races is February. The 
end of term limits could help Democrats maintain their narrow 
majorities in the state Senate and Assembly next year. 

The U.S. Supreme Court in 19 
limit the number of terms their 
served. The justices have not rule 
lawmakers. In 1990, California voters approved Proposition 
140, which limits state Assembly members to three two-year 
tarns and state senators to two four-year terms. 

representatives in Congress 
tied cm term limits for state 

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Affirmative Action: Career Equalizer? 


By Ethan Bronner 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — In a report certain to 
fuel the debate over affirmative action, 
an extensive study of doctors trained at 
the University of California at Davis 
over a 20-year period found that those 
admitted with special consideration for 
factors like race or ethnic origin had 
postgraduate records and careers that 
were remarkably similar to those ad- 
mitted on academic merit alone. 

The report, published Wednesday in 
the Journal of the American Medical 

the first two years of training, were less 
likely to graduate with honors and more 
likely to repeat the certification exam- 
ination to become doctors. 

But the two groups graduated at es- 
sentially the same nigh rate and, after 
graduation, they followed parallel paths, 
completing residency training at the 
same rate, receiving similar evaluations 
by residency directors, selecting Iheir 
specialties in the same percentages and 
ekablishing practices with, almost the. 
same racialmixes. 

Tbe research was undertaken by two 
professors of medicine at the Davis cam- 
pus following tbe California Regents 

*o t 

Affirmative action advocates said 
findings showed that those who Wfefe 
given admission preferences have ca- 
reers that are similar to others. 

But the data contain several ambigu- 
ities. In the group admitted under special 
consideration, only 53.5 percent were 
members of minority groups. The rest 
were beneficiaries of such coasi deration 
because of their previous experience, like 
serving in tbe Peace Craps. 

An editorial in Wednesday’s issue 4f 
the Journal of the American M edifcu 
Association commenting on the study 
hailed the data as evidence that medic& 
schools across the country must nof be 

Association, found that students receiv- r . .. ^ . . . . _ 

ing admissions preferences performed decision two years ago to do away with affected by foe current political climafS 
less well in foe basic science courses of affirmative action in admissions. and should pursue affirmative action^ 


Boh GjibrMtVThc Aanculcd Pm 

Governor Pete Wilson, a Republican, listening to Sec- 
retary of State Bill Jones address the term limits ruling. 

WASHINGTON — Stealing a tech- 
nique from President Bill Clinton, 
Newt Gingrich, the speaker of the 
House, was using an inner-city school 
as a backdrop to promote proposals 
with which Republicans hope to cut 
into the Democratic advantage on the 
vote-rich education issue. 

In the cheerful yellow library of 
Hine Junior High School here, Mr. 
Gingrich posed with teenage girls and 
members of the House Republican 
leadership, then highlighted a series of 
education bills making their way to the 
House flopr. 

“We’re hoe today to say webelieve 
the real learning occurs in the Local 
community.*' he said, his setting a 
school that has shed its reputation as 
Horrible Hine to become an education 
success story. “It’s the local students, 
the local teachers, the local parents." 

Mr. Gingrich’s appearance at the 

school, on Monday, was a vivid 

of how the Republicans have 

readjust their strategy since the days 
when their policy amounted to little 
more than calling for the abolition of the 
Department of Education. (NYT) 

Gay Man Nominated 
To Be Ambassador 


He is on the board of the Humai) ., 
Rights Campaign Foundation. 

“We don’t see this as an effort td^ 
brisg gays into high levels of the ad^ , 
ministration, but as an effort by the" 
president to bring highly talented ufe >; 
dividnals into me administration,', ! 
said David Smith, a spokesman for the! j 
Human Rights Campaign. 

Mr. Hamad, 64, has been a generous^ 
contributor to the Democratic Party! 
donating at least $120,000 to party 

candidates and causes since 199: 
heir to the Honrael Meat Co. fortune, he.,!] 
sits on the boards of foe San Franc iscq 
Symphony and the San Francisco’,),' 
of Commerce. (API J 

WASHINGTON — President Bill 
Clinton has nominated James Hormel, 
a gay San Francisco businessman and 
wealthy Democratic Party donor, to 
become ambassador to Luxembourg. 

If confirmed by the Senate Foreign 
Relations Committee, Mr. Hormel /-* . err . 

would become the first openly homo- vJUOte / UTl-QUOte 
sexual envoy for the United States. ^ A 

Tbe committee, chaired by tbe con- 
servative Senator Jesse Helms, Repub- 
lican of North Carolina, has previously 
confirmed Mr. Hormel as an alternate 
delegate to foe United Nations, accord- 
ing to the Hitman Rights Campaign, the 
nation’s leading gay rights group. 

Harold Ickes,formerClinton aide, ttvj 
senators investigating campaign fir, J 
nance abuses: “I know it is customar&-J 
for witnesses to express their great, ^ 
pleasure to appear before you, bat be^ ;■ 
cause I am under oath, 1 am unable to 
say I share that sentiment.” (NYT) ' 

Army’s Test of Laser Hits Glitches 

By R. Jeffrey Smith 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — A test by foe U.S. 
Army of a powerful laser has been tem- 
porarily blocked by two of foe most routine 
glitches in modem military operations: bad 
weather and computer software problems, the 
Defense Department has disclosed. 

The test, which involved a test firing of the 
laser at an aging Air Force satellite roughly 
260 miles (415 kilometers) above Earth, was 
initially scheduled for Saturday evening. 

But the sky over the White Sands Missile 
Range in New Mexico was filled with clouds. 

Ft per 

By Monday night, the clouds had cleared 
but a software problem caused the laser to 
“recycle,'’ or unexpectedly lose power, dur- 
ing foe brief period in which the satellite was 
within range. Ihe missed opportunities left 
Army technicians with dp-rlining hopes that the 
test can take place. Pentagon officials said. 

But foe target satellite, which was launched 
in May 1996 to survey the Earth’s surface 
with infrared sensors, has a rapidly decaying 
orbit and there is some question that there will 
be any farther opportunities to conduct the 
test, said a Pentagon spokesman. Michael 
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Private Parts 
Of Clinton Stir 
Legal Debate 

By Peter Baker 

Washington Post Service 

ident Bill Clinton’s attorney 
has denied that the president 
has the sort of “distinguish- 
ing characteristics’ ’ that 
Paula Corbin Jones described 
seeing on his body. 

After much delay, Ms. 
Jones last week provided the 
president’s legal team with an 
affidavit identifying the ana- 
tomical features that she has 
said would prove that Mr. 
Clinton propositioned her 
when he was governor by 
dropping bis trousers in an 
Arkansas hotel room in 1991. 
To the contrary, Mr. Clin- 
ton’s lawyer said Tuesday, 
the affidavit shows she does 
not know what she is talking 

“At the appropriate time, 
I’m going to snow that it’s a 
sham.’’ the attorney, Robert 
Bennett said in an interview. 
“I now see why They didn’t 
want to give it to me. It's 
baseless and easily refutable. 
This is just a cynical and out- 
rageous effort to embarrass 
tbep resident.” 

Toe affidavit was not filed 
in court or made public, and 
neither Mr. Bennett nor oth- 
ers in the case would publicly 
disclose its contents. 

But the emergence of foe 
document from die Jones 
camp — where it has been 
held for three yeans — illus- 
trated that as the lawsuit pro- 
ceeds into foe evidence-gath- 
ering phase, tbe two sides are 
dealing with unseemly mat- 
ters that could prove to be 
humiliating to the principal 

Away From ^ 

• A fire at a Goodwill In- 

dustries warehouse jo | 
Washington destroyed mori* f 
than $1 million in donated 
toys collected for childr^ 
this Christmas. (A'fy 

• The superintendent ofthf 
Dallas school system agreed 
toplead guilty to misapplying 
public funds to buy hersep 
bedroom furniture, and 
school board accepted tier 
resignation- The- felony 
charge against the superin- 
tendent. Yvonne Gonzalez, 
carries a maximum sentence 
of five years in prison and a 
$250,000 fine. (NYT) 

• Demolition experts deto- 

nated an old bomb found 
buried at a railroad construc- 
tion site in Roseville, Cali- 
fornia: The bomb’s discovery 
had forced about 400 people 
to leave their homes so that an 
army demolition crew could 
set off foe bomb. The site was 
near an area where a trainload > 
of bombs exploded 24 years * 
ago- (AP) 

Georgian Envoy 
Pleads Guilty in 
Fatal D.C. Crash 

The Associated Press 

lomat from the Caucasian re- 
public of Georgia pleaded 
guilty Wednesday to invol- 
untary manslaughter and oth- 
er charges in tbe drunk-driv- 
ing death of a 16-year-old 
Maryland girl, Joviane Wal- 
trick, in January. 

‘T take full responsibility 
for what happened," said 
Gueorgui Makharadze. 
whose diplomatic immunity 
was waived. 

Mr. Makharadze was held 
without bond pending senten- 
cing on Dec. 19 before a U.S. 
Superior Court judge, Harold 
Ciishenbeny, on the charge of 
involuntary manslaughter 
and four counts of aggravated 
assault. Witnesses said he 
was speeding. 

Mr. Makharadze, who was 
the second-ranking officer in 
Georgia’s Embassy, demon- 
strated “a callous disregard 
for others,” said Judge 

Witnesses told the police 
that Mr. Makharadze was 
weaving in and out of traffic 
when Ms car crashed into a 
line of cars at a stoplight. 


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Sim Jong IPs Ascent 
May Presage a Thaw 

Some See a Less Rigid North Korea 

By Nicholas D. Kristof 

New York Times Service 

TOKYO — Kim Jong n assumed 
North Korea's top leadership post 
Wednesday, ending a formal three- 
year vacuum of power in ids coun- 

yiSome experts believe that his el- 
evation creates possibilities for far- 
reaching changes in North Korea 
that could reverberate around the 
Pacific rim. 

'Mr, Kim now becomes the 
be’s least-understood national 
r, in the world's most mys- 
terious country — presiding over an 
army that is one of the world's 
biggest, with tons of chemical 
Weapons and perhaps a few nuclear 
weapons at its disposal. 

■ Mr. Kim, who is 55 and has never 
traveled outside the Communist 
world, is now in a position to expand 
a gradual opening-up of his country 
and develop ties with America, if as 
some experts believe that is what he 
Wants to do. 

■ “To be hank. North Korea is now 
hehded for a free-market econo- 
my.” said Kim Myong Choi, an 
unofficial spokesman for North 

, Kdrea in Tokyo. “In Kim Jong ITs 
f’miiid, not everything about capi- 
■' lalism is bad.” 

. “He sees that Franklin Roosevelt 
incorporated good ideas of social- 
ism into capitalism,” Mr. Kim ad- 
ded. ‘ ‘In the eyes of Kim Jong XL, the 
Soviet Union failed to incorporate 
the' good ideas of capitalism into 
socialism. In Kim Jong H's eyes. 
North Korea has filings to team 
from America.’ * 

Few'experts agree with Kim My- 
ong Choi that North Korea is headed 
for a market economy anytime soon, 
and presumably no North Korean 
leader would dream of saying so 
openly. But Mr. Kim’s willingness 
to make such comments under- 
scores the new currents of thin icing 
that are stirring in North Korea and 
that may become more evident un- 
der Kim Jong H’s formal leader- 

ms some analysts expect mod- 
est but important changes in the 
years ahead, partly out of desper- 
ation because of the hunger and 
economic catastrophe that grips the 
country, while others emphasize 
that effectively Kim Jong II has 
already been running the country for 
several years and they anticipate 
little or no change. 

At one level, Kim Jong Il’s elec- 
tion to be general secretary of the 
ruling Workers Party changes little, 
for he has been in control of North 
Korea ever since his father, Kim □ 



Kim Jong D, having taken North Korea’s top post, becomes the globe’s least understood leader 

Sung, died in July 1994. 
But the formal ris 

rise to power of 
Kim Jong n suggests that the 
mourning period for the father has 
now ended, and the younger Mr. 
Kim has dropped some tantalizing 
hints that changes may now be in 

The South Korean government 
issued a statement that seemed to 
express a cautious welcome to Mr. 
Kim, voicing hope thaL his election 
would increase stability in North 
Korea and lead to improvements in 
relations between the two Koreas. 

“We've always been aware foal 
North Korea was under foe control 

of Mr. Kim Jong Q before this of- 
ficial announcement,’' a senior 
South Korean government official 
said Wednesday. “But now that be 
will have foe actual post of head of 
foe party, foe North Korean gov- 
ernment may be more stable, more 
responsible, and more predictable.” 

The position of president also has 
been vacant since foe death of Kim H 
Sung, and it is unclear whether Khn 
Jone H will later assume that post as 

North Korea is in many ways less 
a Communist state than a reincarn- 
ation of an ancient Korean kingdom, 
in which foe ruler’s mandate is based 
not on political mechanisms but on 
birthright and Confocian loyalties. 
Thus while it might have seemed 
odd elsewhere in foe Communist 
world for a son to inherit power from 

his father or for foe nation’s top 
leadership posts to be left empty for 
three years after the death of a ruler, 
both patterns are borrowed directly 
from Korean kingdoms. 

Likewise, the Korean press has 
lately described miracles such as 
trees blossoming in September, an 
oddity to Westerners but under- 
standable to Koran traditionalists as 
signs that five Mandate of Heaven is 

“On five morning of Sept 22, fish- 
ermen of foe fishery station in Rajin- 
Sonbong City caught a 10-centimeter 
long white sea cucumber while fish- 
injg onfoe waters off Chongjin,” foe 


come to hail the auspicious event of 
electing comrade Kim Jong D as 
party general secretary.” 

“Seeing foe mysterious natural 
phenomena,” the agency added, 
“Koreans say comrade Kim long II 
is indeed the greatest of great men 
produced by Heaven and that 
flowers come into bloom to mark 
foe great event” 

Mr. Kim has often been por- 
trayed, particularly by South 
Koreans, as little more than a play- 
boy terrorist with a passion for films. 
B ut some scholars say that Kim Jong 
II has a more serious side, and in the 
last few years be has presided over a 
modest economic liberalization, 
with invitations for foreign invest- 
ment and a growing number of 
private markets emerging in foe 
countryside for food and clothing. 

In a remarkable series of tape 
recordings smuggled out of North 
Korea, Mr. Kim can be heard ad- 
mitting that centrally planned econ- 
omies do not work as well as foe 

Smog Hasn’t Dimmed Neighborly Ties, Jakarta Says 

market Moreover, in a major essay 
r. Kim gave 

published in August Mr. 
foe clearest indication that he might 
pursue more flexible policies. 


"JAKARTA — Foreign Minister 
Ali Alatas said Wednesday that the 
Brush and forest fires on Sumatra 
aifd Borneo that are causing smog 
across Southeast Asia had not 
strained Indonesia's ties with its 

'There is no strain between In- 
donesian and neighboring countries 
because there is a mutual under- 
standing between ASEAN coun- 
tries,” Mr. Alatas said before a cab- 

inet meeting. 

The Association of South East 
Asian Nations groups Brunei, 
Burma, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, 
foe Philippines, Singapore, Thail- 
and and Vietnam. 

President Suharto has apologized 
twice publicly for foe fires. Smoke 
from the blazes, caused by foe clear- 
ing of land for fanning or settle- 
ments, has created a blanket of pol- 
lution which has blown over 
neighboring Singapore and Malay- 

sia and even traveled as far as south- 
ern parts of foe Philippines and 

“It is a pity, what has happened 
here also involved our neighboring 
countries,” Mr. Alatas said. “We 
are concerned, but don't forget that 
all the losses, as well as health and 
economic problems, mostly affect 
our country.” 

The government has said more 
than 20 million citizens have been 
affected by foe haze and up to a 

dozen regional airports have been 
closed for significant periods in re- 
cent months because of fire lack of 

In Singapore, meanwhile, heavy 
afternoon rains Wednesday washed 
away the pall of smoky pollution 
over the city, giving citizens there 
decent air to breathe. 

At 6 P.M,, foe Pollutants Stan- 
dard Index was at 33, its lowest level 
in weeks. A level of SO or below is 
considered good. 

“Improving foe relations be- 

tween foe North and foe South is an 
urgent requirement.” Mr. Kim de- 
clared. He called for implementing 
long-frozen accords between the 
two Koreas and expressed willing- 
ness to negotiate with South Korea 
and also improve relations with Ja- 
pan and the United States. 

“We intention to regard 
foe United States as our eternal 
swom enemy.” Mr. Kim wrote. 
“We hope to normalize the Korea- 
U.S. relationship.” 

Pakistan and India Expulsions 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Pakistan and India have 
sent home two diplomats accused of spying in tit-for-tat 
expulsions, officials said Wednesday; 

Indian authorities played down the expulsions and said 
both sides had pledged to keep quiet about the incident 
until a Pakistani daily broke fire news Tuesday. 

The In dian Foreign Ministry said Pakistan asked Mon- 
day that New Delhi withdraw $. K. Chaudhury, anattachd 
in fire embassy in Islamabad, for “activities incompatible 
with his diplomatic status,'' a euphemism for spying. 

‘ ‘These charges against Chaudhury are entirely false,’ ’ 
the ministry said.. 

Later Monday. India asked Pakistan to withdraw 

Murad JBaloch, an attache in its New Delhi embassy, also 
for “activities uKtomoatible with his diplomatic status,” 

for “activities incompatible 
the Tq dign Foreign Ministry 


Malaysia Starts New Capital 

KUALA LUMPUR — Prune Minister Mahathir bin 
Mohamad launched. Wednesday foe project to build 
Malaysia’s $8 billion new federal capital, Putrajaya. 

The 4,580-hectare (II ,300-acre) garden city project 23 
kilometers (15 miles) south of Kuala . Lumpur win com- 
prise 20 precincts, including government, civic and cul- 
tural, commercial and sports districts and a mixed de- 
velopment precinct 

The prime minister's offices and official residence, 
tof phase one of fire construction, are to be completed 
next October, (AP) 

2 Killed in East Timor Clash 

JAKARTA — Two people died in fighting at an East 
Timor mountain shrine, military sources said Wednes- 
day, including a man who tried, to erect a banner bearing 
foe flag of the guerrilla movement Fretilin. 

East Timor's two Roman Catholic bishops canceled a 
pilgrimage to foe top of Mount T atamaileu. also known as 
Kamelau, after the clash. 

Fretilin, or Revolutionary Movement for an Inde- 
pendent East Timor, guerrillas have fought Indonesia’s 
1976 annexation of fire territory. (Reuters) 

Seoul Opposition Plans Suit 

SEOUL — The leading opposition party in South 
Korea said Wednesday that it would file a defamation suit 
against foe governing party over accusations that its 
leader, Kim Dae Jung, had amassed millions of dollars in 
a political slush fond. - 

The National Congress for New Politics rushed to 
defend its presidential candidate after the New Korea 
Party said Tuesday that he had accumulated more than 67 
billion won ($73 million) in slush funds. 

New Korea said foe fund was managed by a nephew of 
Mr. Kim's wife, Lee Hyeong Taek. 

“Our party has decided to report Lee Hoi Chang and 
lion tar defamation and to fire 

Kang Sam Jae to foe prosecution 1 
central election management commission for slandering 
presidential candidates and distributing material con- 
taining false information," National Congress said. 

Mr. Lee is the presidential candidate for New Korea 
while Mr. Kang, as secretary -general of foe governing 
party, announced foe slush-fond allegations. (Reuters) 



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Serbs in Pale 
Are Feeling the 
Political Pinch 

By Lee Hockstader 

WiiihinxiM Past Service 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — Rigid 
Bosnian Serb nationalists blocking the U.S.-me- 
diated peace plan for Bosnia have suffered repeated 
setbacks in recent weeks and are in their weakest 
position since the war ended nearly two years ago, 
analysts say. 

The Serbian hard-liners, based in the village of 
Pale, outside Sarajevo, are hemmed in politically, 
squeezed on one side by the West and NATO 
rmlitaiy forces and on the other by their domestic 
rivals in the Serbian-controlled half of Bosnia. 

Western diplomats and other observers say the 
erosion of Pale's power has generated a ray of hope 
for progress toward a lasting settlement in Bosnia, 
where intransigence, hostility and mistrust have 
marked the postwar period. 

The Serbs in Pale “are in quite a bad position," 
said Hrair Bali an, director of the International 
Crisis Group, an organization that has backed more 
aggressive Western action in Bosnia. "They're 
being pinched from all sides and on different fronts. 
That's when they have sat down and started making 
concessions in the past." 

The Bosnian Serb hard-liners have frustrated 
Western peace efforts by refusing to hand over 
indicted war crimes suspects, including the wartime 
president, Radovan Karadzic, and his military com- 
mander, General Ratko Mladic. They have refused to 
allow refugees to return to their homes, as the peace 
process envisions. And many cling to the idea that the 
Serbian-controlled half of Bosnia might become an 
independent state or be incorporated into “Greater 
Serbia," notions ruled out by peace settlement. 

But in the last six weeks, the Serbian hard-liners 
loyal to Mr. Karadzic have suffered one loss after 
another, these among them: 

•The defection of several police stations, which 
have switched allegiance to Mr. Karadzic's bitter 
rival, Biljana Plavsic, the Bosnian Serb president, 
who is backed by the West. 

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CEMENTING THE PEACE — Bosnian Muslim refugees repairing war-shattered homes 
on Wednesday in Omerbegovaca, a town on the former front line near the city of Brcfco. 

• A disastrous attempt to stage a rally in the town 
of Banja Luka, Mrs. Plavsic's stronghold, which 
ended with its leaders fleeing town under a hail of 
stones and eggs. 

• The voluntary surrender Monday of 10 Bos- 
nian Croat war crimes suspects, which trained the 
spotlight squarely on the remaining indictees at 
large, nearly all of them Serbs. 

• NATO's seizure last week of four television 
transmitters, which shut down Pale's ability to 
broadcast its unyielding propaganda. 

Tlie loss of the television towers was a sharp 
blow for the Bosnian Serb leadership, with political 
implications. Troops of the NATO-led Stabiliz- 
ation Force for Bosnia seized the towers after Pale ’s 
hard-line, state-controlled television station ig- 
nored repeated warnings not to cross the WesL 

On Wednesday, Western officials told Momcilo 
Krajisnik, the hard-line Bosnian Serb member of 
Bosnia's three-member presidency, that if Pale wants 
its television station back, it will have to submit to a 
set of conditions. These include accepting a station 
director from abroad, appointed by the West; dis- 

missing the three members of the board of directors 
from Mr. Karadzic’s party, including Mr. Krajisnik 
himself, and rewriting the station's charier. The new 
Western management would be empowered to hire 
or fire Serbian journalists. 

The loss of the airwaves is of special concern to tbe 
Bosnian Serb leadership in Pale because of elections 
later this fall. Pale had hoped for a reprieve in tbe 
form of a deal brokered last month by me Yugoslav 

{ i resident, Slobodan Milosevic. The hard-liners, be- 
ieving Mrs. Plavsic lacked popular support and a 
party structure of Iter own. agreed to new par- 
liamentary elections in November in return for her 

S e commitment to risk her own position by 
lining to presidential elections in December. 
Part of the deal was that the two sides would 
alternate broadcast time night by night But without 
control of the police and, now, with little access to 
the airwaves. Pale's chances of prevailing in par- 
liamentary elections are diminished. Washington, 
meanwhile, has effectively killed any chance of 
presidential elections taking place this year by 
saying they are logistically impossible. 


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Prodi’s Deputy Sees Hope* 
For an Italian Budget Pac^ 


ROME — The deputy prime minister, Wal- 
ter Veltroni, expressed hope Wednesday that 
Italy’s coalition government could hammer 
out a deal with its Communist allies on the 
1998 budget and that the government would 
present its proposals to Parliament on Thurs- 

The government, Mr. Veltroni said, now 
has “some reasons foe hoping that tomorrow 
will not tum out badly.” 

The issue of pensions is the most sensitive 
one dividing Prime Minister Romano Prpdi 
and the Refounded Communists', a small ex- 
treme-leftist member of his coalition. 

The group wants to protect old-age pen- 
sioners from the government's austerity 
plans, while the government wants to speed 
reform of the state pension system — reform it 
considers vital to cutting Italy's deficit and 
meeting the criteria to join European' eco- 
nomic and monetary union at its scheduled 
start in 1999. 

Massimo D’Alema, leader of the Demo- 
cratic Party of the Left, the biggest party in tbe 
coalition, said Wednesday that the govern- 
ment was studying ways to accept some Of the 
demands of the Refounded Communists to 
alter die budget 

"We are seeking possible ways which do 
not go against the principles of the gov- 
ernment’s general economic policy to come 
even closer to the points raised by the Com- 
munists," Mr. D’Alema said. 

The leader of the Refounded Communists, 
Faus to Bertinotti, responded almost imme- 
diately. He said .that if the government Said 
workers in the private sector could “retire 
according to current laws," this “could break 
the deadlock" in negotiations. 

Mr. Bertinotti’s and Mr. D'Alema’s com- 
ments may be just enough to show they are 
trying to move closer to one. another’s po- 
sitions, not only to save political face but also 
to keep Mr. Prodi’s 17-month -old govern- 
ment from collapsing. 

French Revive 
Murder Case 


PARIS — The unsolved murder of a law- 
maker has returned to haunt the French Par- 
liament as a new book on the case provoked 
accusations of dirty tricks and attempts to 
destabilize the state. 

Francois Bayrou, a conservative deputy in 
the National Assembly, urged the. Socialist 
government on Tuesday to reopen an inquity 
into Yann Pint’s murder after allegations in 
the new book that she was shot by members of 
. ftesecigt service.. 

Mr. Bayrou demanded the fresh investi- 
gation to dear the names of two former con- 
servative- ministers, -FrancoisH^eotard'Und- 
Jean-Claude Gaodin, who were implicated in 
the book as being behind a plot to kill Mrs. 

“This is not an ordinary dirty trick,” Mr. 
Bayrou told the National Assembly. “Beyond 
the men targeted, this is an in-depth attempt to 
destabilize the French Republic and democ- 

His call followed publication of “The 
Yann Piat Case: Murderers at the Heart of 
Power," which said Mrs. Piat was killed three 
years ago because she had uncovered plans to 
sell army land on the French Riviera to the 

Mrs. Piat. who campaigned against Mafia 
drug traffickers in southern France, was shot 
and killed in her car at night on a deserted 
Riviera road by suspected hired gunmen on a 

Small-time criminals are due to stand trial . 
in an assize court next year, but investigations 
have failed to establish who was behind the 

The book, by Andre Rougeoi and Jean- 
Micbel Verne, said two businessmen brothers 
who died two months after Mrs. Piat were 
killed because they knew who ordered tbe 
murder. They died from inhaling car exhaust 
fumes in their garage, and their deaths were 
ruled suicide. 

The book was published last month before 
regional elections in which Mr. Leotard, die 
head of the Union for French Democracy, 
faces a strong challenge on the Riviera from 
the far-right National Front. 

Prime Minister Lionel Jospin, who came to 
power last June, recalled that the Socialists 
were out of power at the time of the killing. He 
said he did not understand why be was being 
asked to act as there had been no fresh evidence 
in the case since Mr. Leotard’s successor at tbe 
Defense Ministry. Charles Millon, denied any 
military involvement. last year. 

Mr. Leotard on Tuesday published an article 
in Le Monde, appealing to the government and 
President Jacques Chirac to act a gainst what be 
called “the ministry of dirt” 

“Who will muster the legal and political 
courage to stop the constant drift in France 
from mockery to slander, from slander to insult, 
and soon from insult to violence?’’ he asked.' 

Mr. Prodi depends on the remnant of Italy’s 
old Communist Party led by Mr. Bertinotti td- 
secure a majority in the lower bouse of Pa£i 
liamenL. Without that support, he has virtu aJ& 
no chance of getting his deficit-cutting budget 
passed into law. - 0 3 

The prime minister also spoke with Pregq 
ident- Oscar Luigi Scalfaro over’ the crijjg 
besetting his government, but no details, 
emerged of their discussions. 

Mr.' Prodi, sensing a chance of a com- 
promise with the Co mmunis ts, called a tiira 
out in a Chamber of Deputies debate T uesdsx 
to allow for more discussions with the haTOr. 
left. ' . ‘ 

He will return Thursday for a' closing, 
speech to the lower house, to be folloWed bj(a; 

vote on the address he gave to the bousr^ 
Tuesday. The motion will not be a confidenegrw; 
vote, but if Mr. Prodi loses, his gov'ernmern: ■ 
may be terminally damaged, 1 

The spokesman on economic matters for { 
the Refounded Communists, Neriofte&usaiaP > 
however, that the chances of resolving tfie* j 

"Discussions are going on,” he said. "Tire . 
situation seems a lot calmer. There's a SO-SO | 
chance” of an agreement. " . ^ j 

■ Assisi Basilica to Be Strengthened ! 

A crane will lift a retaining cap of pipes j 

place to prevent further damage to pan of the | 
quake-shattered exterior of the Bittilica Of Sl ; 
Francis of Assisi, a spokesman for the church 1 { 
in that Italian town said, according to Trap , 
Associated Press. *55 A 

A pair of earthquakes Sept. 26 dfestroyea “ 
ceiling frescoes in. tbe basilica and caused part 1 J 
of the outside of the south transept to crumble, j 
Aftershocks worsened the damage to the e5c tf | 
tenor, a peaked wall called a tympanum, ''hit J 
A larger crane' will lower the crane into tB& 
convent of the Franciscan brothers connectiff 
to the church, the Reverend Nicola Gi&to 
domenico said. The smaller crane will lift ttRP i 
retaining structure on to the transept..- wo | 

i :oa I 


Communists Defy f 

A Yeltsin Warning * 

MOSCOW — Russia's Communist 1 " 1 
led Parliament vowed Wednesday to 
press ahead with a no-confidence vote tip*' 
the government, defying warnings that it[ L< 
could end in a showdown with President? ^ 
Boris Yeltsin. r 1 

Pifrtre Minister Viktor.ChernOmyrd in, ^ 
irf a rare speech to the State Duma, the^ 
lower bouse, pleaded with deputies to^' 
drop their threats aimed at the govern-'®' 
ment’s economic reform progrant — 


Gennadi Seleznyov, said after Mr. 
Chernomyrdin’s speech that faction 
Tetoersin the Duma hatfagreed to meet 
Tuesday to set the date for tire vote and'it 
would go ahead on Oct 15 or 16. 

The Duma is on collision course with 
Mr. Yeltsin, who', "has issued jetted 
threats to dissolve the Duma if it does not 
stop dragging its feet on economic re- 
forms. (Reuters} 

Germans Approve 
The Eurofighter 

BONN- — The German government 
approved aproject with Britain, Italy and 
Spain on Wednesday to build a Euro- 
pean combat jet, removing one of tbe last 
obstacles for the long-delayed project. 

‘ Chancellor Helmut Kohl 's cabinet de- 
cided, it wanted to buy the high-tech 
Eurofighter starting in 2002 to replace 
aging planes. 

The proposal requires the approval of 
Parliament, where scattered members of 
Mr. Kohl’s three-party ruling coalition 
could withhold support. (AP) 

Swiss Challenge 
A Report on Gold 

ZURICH — The Swiss government 
and central bank are questioning the 
results of a report by the World Jewish 
Congress that said Nazi Germany had 
poured more looted gold than previously 
acknowledged into Switzerland. 

Finance Minister Kaspar Villiger said 
the Swiss National Bank had already 
opened its -records and published a de- 
tailed accounting of its gold buying and 
trading' during WorlcJ-War'IL (Reuters) 

For the Record 

( Reuters ) 

David Andrews has been named Ire- 
land’s new foreign, minister, handing 
him responsibility for Northern Ireland 
at a key time in pitace talks, f Reuters ) 

Tory Attacks MulticultUralism 


BLACKPOOL, England — Afbrmer Con- 
servative cabinet minister was at the center of 
a political storm Wednesday after predicting 
Britain would "bvcooic a Yugoslavia” unless 
it stamped out muHi-ulturulism. 

Legislates frum (he governing Labour 
Party and the ru.iiuruy Liberal Democrats said 
the remarks b Gord Norman Tebbit were 
offensive to Bn Min’s ethnic minorities and 
urged the Cons**, vative leader, William Hag- 
ue, to discipline him. 

Mr. Hague quickly attacked Lord Tebbit 's 

S h, which was made Tuesday night to a 
i meeting at the Conservatives’ annual 
reace here. “I want a Conservative Party 
that embraces people, that doesn't attack 
people, that stands for patriotism without 

bigotry,” he said. “If you don't want to be part 
of die team, then get off the field, f hope he will 
bear that in mind in future." 

Mr. Hague is trying to use this week's 
conference to re-establish the Conservatives 
as one of Britain’s two dominant political 

backing of fewer than a quarter of b itons. 

The Conservatives Jost'power u s -‘bour in 
an electoral landslide in.May. ; 

In Jhis speech. Lordlcnbit, a ci - •• ally of 
former Prime Minister Margaret I taichei and 
the Conservative Party a cha;. rrom 1985 
to J 987, .described mumeuituraiism, which 
acknowledges and sometime* celebrates eth- 
nic differences in a populace, as “a divisive 
force” that peipetuated ethnic divisions. 

“Youngsters of all races bom here should 
be taught that British history is their history, 
or they will forever be foreigners holding 
British passports, and this kingdom will be- 
come a Yugoslavia,” he said. 

A Labour member of Parliament, Keith 
Vaz, one of the few ethnic Asian legislators, 
called Lord Tebbit ’s remarks "deeply offen- 
sive, insulting and characteristically stupid.” 

He called on Mr.. Hague' to withdraw the 
partiamentary whip from Lord Tebbit, which 
would in effect throw him out of the party’s 
grouping in the House of Lords. 






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UN Sets Sanctions 
On Sierra Leone 

T" *>y a lack of progress 

m tfislodgmg the troops who S 
ptttro the elected president of Si- 
ora Leone m May, the UN Security 
Council voted Wednesday to iit£ 

p6se sanctions on the West African 

cw®®¥> prohibiting the import of 
pdrowum products, arms and any 
omermilitajy equipment. 

sanctions will also strictly 
n™* uitemationaJ travel of 
n^mbas of the military junta and 
*exr adult family members by ask- 
ing all nations to bar entry or transit 
privileges to them, except in certain 
sweial circumstances. The council 
■^repeated demands that those who 
seized power should take steps to- 
ward relinquishing it. 

• * soldiers and a separate 

militia orgaruzarion calling itself 
the Revolutionary United Front 
overthrew the president. Ahmad 
Tejan Kabbah, on May 25. (NYT) 

Kenyan Teachers 
March in Nairobi 

• NAIROBI — Ignoring an ulti- 
matum to return to work, thousands 
of striking teachers took to the 

« streets of the Kenyan capital 
Wedn e sday to protest the govern- 
ment's refusal to increase salaries. 

More than 287,000 teachers 
walked off the job Oct 1, leaving 7 
million elementary and high school 
students idle. The teachers, whose 
salaries average from $30 to $40 a 
month, are demanding pay in- 
creases of 150 percent to 200 per- 
cent The government says it can- 
not afford the increases. (AP) 


Mars Phones Home 

LOS ANGELES ..tieved 
dial Mars Pathfinder's main trans- 
miner is able to communicate with 
Earth again, mission scientists now 
| plan to do a full run of the space- 
craft's engineering data. 

“We gi - *!k i*na! : jht when we 
expected mun Nluirbead, the 
Pathfinder project - manager at 
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 
said Tuesday after scientists got their 
fust signal m more than a week from 
die main transmitter. The commu- 
nications difficulty stems from 
Pathfinder's aging batteries. (AP) t 


Citing Iraqi Violations, 
U.S. Steps Up Air. Patrols 

By Philip Shenon 

New YorkTiiiua Ser vice 

« — American jet 
lighters have stepped up their patrols 
over the American-enforced no-flight 
zone in southern Iraq after Iraqi planes 
breached the zone several times over the 
BKanfrig to the Pentagon. 

Defease Department officials said 
two Iraqi fighters had violated the area 
Tuesday, apparently to test American 
resolve to enforce die no-flight zone and 
to offer at least a symbolic response to 
Iranian air attacks last week on military 
camps used by Iranian opposition 
groups in southern Iraq. 

Iraqi and Iranian pilots have been put 
on notice by the Pentagon in recent days 
that they risk attack if they continue 
their incursions into the no-flight zone, 
which was established by the United 
States and its allies after the Gulf War in 
1991. The warning to the Iraqis was 
repeated Tuesday at a Defease Depart- 
ment news conference. 

“If they cany out flight operations, 
they risk getting shot down," said Cap- 
tain Michael Doubleday, a Pentagon 
spokesman. “We’ve done that in the 
past. We stand ready to do it in the 
future. But I'm not in a position to 
predict if and when that will occur.” 

Last week, the Pentagon announced 
that Defense Secretary W illiam Cohen 
had ordered the aircraft carrier Nzmitz to 
slap a port call in Singapore and hurry 
from the South China Sea to the Gulf on 
a previously scheduled deployment. 
The earner is expected to arrive in the 
Gulf four or five days ahead of sched- 

In what may be a reflection of the 
Clinton administration’s hopes for im- 
proved relations with the Ir anian gov- 
ernment, Mr. Cohen said that the show 
of strength with the Nimitz was meant 
as a warning to Iraq, not Iran, and his 
spokesmen said Tuesday that the 
Pentagon was far more concerned about 
Iraqi violations of the no-flight zone 
than Iranian violations. 

“I think you need to go back and take 
a look at what the purpose of the no-fly 
zone is, and the no-fly zone is designed 
to keep Iraqi aircraft in check,” Captain 
Doubleday said. 

“I think the signal of the aircraft 
earner going to the region, the con- 
stancy of our flights over there, make i; 
very clear that the Iraqis are very re- 
stricted in their ability to cany out air 

The American aircraft carrier is to 
join several other American ships in the 
Gulf, including five destroyers and 
three guided-ntissile frigates. 

The Pentagon refused to say exactly 

how many times the Iraqi military had 
violated the American-patrolled area 
over the last week, nor would it explain 
why the Iraqi MiG fighters had not been 
shot down. 

Captain Donbleday said there bad 
been * 'several” violations by the Iraqis, 
most of them in daylight, and that Amer- 
ican fighters based in Saudi Arabia and 
Bahrain had stepped up their patrol 
flights as a result 

“I will describe than as being primar- 

of ihe Iraqi moves. On Monday, Iraq 
warned that it would hit back at Iran 
“blow for blow” if it mounted new 
attacks on the bases in southern Iraq used 
by the Iranian opposition. Several Ira- 
nian jet fighters bombed two of the bases 
near the Iran-Iraq bolder on Sept 29. 

Algerian Islamists 
Set Up New Group 

Age nee France-Presse 

LONDON — A member of Algeria’s 
outlawed Islamic Salvation Front has 
announced the creation of a breakaway 
group and renounced a cease-fire de- 
clared by the Front's military wing. 

Ahmed Zaoui, a member of the 
Front's consultative council, said in a 
communiqud seen Wednesday in Lon- 
don that a “coordination council 
abroad” was being set up. 

He also rejected the cease-fire that the 
Islamic Salvation Army began Oct 1. 
after more than five years of conflict 
with Algeria’s secular regime. 

In the communique, written in French 
and Arabic, Mr. Zaoui said: “We con- 
sider that the executive has lost all rea- 
son to be. given its defeatist resignation 
and its flagrant failure in representing 
tiie FIS line.” 

“It has totally failed in unifying FIS 
ranks,” he added. 

Tire Front's executive in Bonn has 
regarded itself as the sole body au- 
thorized to speak on behalf of the front 

The Islamic Salvation Front was out- 
lawed inside Algeria in 1992 after the 
military blocked legislative elections 
that it was poised to win. 

■ 3 Rail Workers Killed 

Three railroad workers in western 
Algeria were killed as the result of a 
bomb explosion as troops, advancing on 
Islamic rebel bases near Algiers, klued 
21 guerrillas, Algerian newspapers said 
on Wednesday, Reuters repeated. It said 
13 workers were injured. 


By Jan McEwan. Jonathan Cape. 247 
pages. £1599. 

Reviewed by Katherine Knorr 

W HAT is it that makes Ian McE- 
wan's terrifying stories so com- 
pelling? His characters are not terribly 
interesting, and his language is plain 
when it isn't bland. But be is a master of 
the ordinary, and the extraordinary 
power of ids books comes from the 
subtle and yet implacable way that 
everyday lives collide with evil. 

In “The Comfort of Strangers,” his 
protagonists stumble to their doom 
throagh a dark tourist-season city, and 
the reader every moment senses that 
something is going to move in that dark- 
ness. In “The Innocent,” his version of a 
divided-Beriin thriller, a rather mournful 
engagement party ends with the studious 
dismemberment of an embarrassing 

In his most recent novel, “Enduring 
Love,” we get a Jesus freak stalker 
whose obsession with the protagonist 
disrupts a number of lives almost ir- 

Clarissa and Joe Rose are a happy 
couple with a comfortable London life. ' 
She is an academic specialist on Keats, 
he a successful science journalist There 
are shadows, of course, Clarissa's in- 
ability to have children, Joe's regrets 
about a scientific career that didn't hap- 
pens, but they seem minor. 

When their lives unravel, however, 
they do so surprisingly quickly. InMcE- 
wan's books, it takes very little for the 
ship to capsize. 

Meeting for a picnic after a long trip 
by Clarissa, they witness a freak balloon 
accident Rose and four others try to save 
a boy in the balloon — who will survive 
— but the rescue goes awry and one of 


the would-be rescuers will fall to this 
death, through no particular fault of any 
other individual. 

Rose, however, will be hounded by 
guilt and by that impossibility to re- 
member that follows so many accidents: 
Who let go of the balloon first? More 
alarmingly, the accident will trigger an 
obsession for Rose by Jed Parry, a nut 
case with money and time on his hands. 
What seems comical at first, or maybe 
just a homosexual crash, gradually be- 
gins to Rose to seem deadly — or has he 
gone mad? Rose’s response to Parry will 
drive Clarissa away and gradually so 
upset the foundations of his posh life that 
he will buy a gun. 

“Enduring Love" turns also on the 
anger of Professor John Logan 's widow, 
who has convinced herself that her hus- 
band was with another woman on the 
day that he died in the balloon rescue. 

Rose will go to some length to straight- 
en out that situation, at least partly be- 
cause of the children. “So when I turned 

children, 1 saw myself configured in their 
eyes — yet one more dull stranger in the 
procession lately filing through their 
home, a large man in a creased blue linen 
suit, the coin of baldness on his crown 
visible from where they stood. His pur- 
pose here would be unintelligible, be- 
yond consideration. Above all, he was yet 
another man who was not their father.” 

McEwan’s opening scene — the few 
moments during which things are still 
uncertain, then the quickening action 
when it is clear thai something is going 
to go terribly wrong — is a masterpiece 
of taut and precise writing. 

Suddenly the action stops, the balloon 
floats away, the man is down: “His 
tweed jacket was unmarked, though it 
(hooped strangely, for his shoulders were 
narrower than they should have been. 
They were narrower than any adult's 


could be. From the base of the neck there 
was no lateral spread. The skeletal struc- 
ture had collapsw internally to produce a 
head on a thickened stick. And seeing 
that, I became aware that what 1 had 
taken for calmness was absence 
Neither absence nor calm will follow. 
After Rose rebuffs Pany’s wish to pray 
with him. Parry will start calling, writ- 
ing, standing vigil outside the Rose 
bouse. Some of the time. Rose is the only 
one who actually sees him. Parry be- 
comes invisible to all but the man he is 
stallring, while Rose seems to others to 
be suffering from an embarrassing dis- 
ease he’s brought on himself. 

Although Rose’s predicament is in- 
creasingly frightening, the circum- 
stances allow for black comedy, as when 
he gets a sometime drug dealer acquaint- 
ance to take him to the home of time- 
warped hippies to buy a gun. 

There he will find perhaps the last 
hippie chick in all of England standing at 
the stove: “In England, hippjedom had 
been largely a boys’ affair. A certain 
kin d of quiet girl sat cross-legged at the 
edges, got stoned and brought the tea. 
And then, just as the Great War emptied 
the stately homes of servants, so these 
girls disappeared overnight at tbe first 
trump from 'the women’s movement.” 

R OSE does what any law-abiding, 
self-confident citizen will do when 
in trouble: He goes to see the police. 
Detective Constable Wallace is not 
without a certain sympathy: “. . . I'm not 
saying you don’t need help,” be will tell 
Rose before waving before him a pack of 
pills. “You know what they are? Me, 1 
take two before breakfast Forty mil- 
ligrams. A double dose, Mr. Rose.' ' 

And that perhaps is when Rose real- 
izes that be has really and truly stepped 
through the mirror. 

Iniemaiionul Herald Tribune 

By Alan Truscott 

L EADING in the race to be 
named busiest bridge 
writer of 1997 is Barry Riga! 
who offered three books to the 
bridge public in the spring. 

One is an update of “Mas- 
ter Play.” a classic work by 
the late Terence Reese.The 
second is a book on deception 
in defense. And the third is 
“Precision for die 1990s,” an 
account of modern develop- 
ments in one of the world’s 
most popular systems. 

Tbe book has a section on 
Relay Precision, a relay meth- 
od in which one player asks a 
series of questions and his 
partner describes his hand ac- 
cording to predetermined 
rules. In the diagramed deal, 
the relays helped North-South 

avoid the precarious three no- 
trump, which would be de- 
feated easily if played from 
the normal North position. 

The opening one no-trump 
showed 12-15 points, and two 
diamonds was a game -for- 
cing response that asked for a 
description. North's next 
three bids showed that he had 
3-3-3-4 distribution and five 
controls, counting an ace as 
two and a king as one. Then 
South should have settled in 
five diamonds since the 
chance that North held the 
hand that would make a slam 
a good contract was quite 
poor. But South was carried 
away by optimism, relayed 
once too often, and landed in a 
“hopeless” six diamonds. 

The bidding’s meaning 
was fully explained to the op- 
ponents but did not help them 

much. As North had de- 
scribed his hand, the oppo- 
nents knew a great deal about 
the dummy and virtually 
nothing about South's hand. 
Sometimes, it works the other 
way and the defenders have a 
helpful description of the de- 
clarer’s hand. 

The declarer was Ken Bar- 
bour. When the club ten was 
led, he summed up the situ- 
ation quickly and allowed the 
ten to win. West had no rea- 
son to know that a spade shift 
was essential, and played a 
second club. 

Now, South won with the 
club ace, drew trumps and 
played clubs. T hanks to the 
even split, he was able to dis- 
card ms spade loser. When 
the heart jack fell conveni- 
ently, he had made his im- 
possible contract East and 

West should have played the 
club jack on the first trick 
since he would know what to 
do if permitted to win. 

« A J2 
AK86 5 


+ A 10 B 6 2 
V J2 


* J 

VK0 10* 

Both stiles were vulnerable. Tbe 

* KBS4 
*10 9 4 






1 N.T. 








3 ♦ 










8 9 




West fed the club ten. 


•• VnTSi 



fir I 







A Solution for Algeria 

Last weekend was, unfortunately, 
typical for Algeria, these days the 
bloodiest country in the world. In a 
warm-up Thursday night, someone 
killed 20 members of a wedding party. 
Thirty-four children were among the 
75 people killed early on Friday. A 
school bus ambush kilted 16 more chil- 
dren on Sunday. By such increments 
Algeria's five-year war of the army 
versus Islamic gunmen has taken tens 
of thousands of lives. 

There lies the humanitarian magnet 
drawing global attention to the former 
French colony's horrors. And there lies 
the political interest of the cease-fire 
just called by the armed wing of the 
main Islamic political front, the out- 
lawed Islamic Salvation Front. 

The resulting truce leaves uncon- 
strained the rival and more extreme 
Armed Islamic Group, which the gov- 
ernment holds chiefly responsible for 
the appalling village massacres. But 
the (nice has stirred discussion of pos- 
sible political talks between Algerian 
officials and the Islamic Salvation 
Front. This would be a breakthrough. It 
was the army's cancellation of elec- 
tions that this organization was about 
to win in 1991 that touched off the 
violence enveloping the country stilL 

Something ooly diml y understood is 
unfolding in Algeria, where the gov- 
ernment forbids independent inquiry. 
The geographic pattern of the village 
killin gs ana the politically Islamist 
character of some of the victims have 

prompted speculation that the respon- 
sibility should fall not just on the ex- 
treme Armed Islamic Group, which 
does claim some murders and is sus- 
pected of others, but also on the army 
itself. It is noted that ferocious 
slaughters take place ever closer to the 
capital ml closer as well to the mil- 
itary camps that presumably would be 
protecting the target villages. 

Beyond the question of blame for 
war crimes are the faintly emerging 
political possibilities. Some of the 
armed Islamic groups, including the 
largest, seem to be moving toward a 
dialogue with the Algerian authorities. 
That puts a burden on the authorities to 
overcome their own evident hesita- 
tions and differences and to reach out 
to Islamic elements which, if they are 
not '‘moderate,” could be shifted in 
that direction. It is an uncertain pro- 
spect, but there is no other way to 
foresee an end to Algeria’s travails. 

The United States lacks France’s di- 
rect interest, by history and proximity, 
in Algeria, but it has a strong indirect 
interest in the dimensions of strategy, 
stability, energy and, of course, hu- 
manitarian concern. The French gov- 
ernment grants the United States an 
interlocutor's role. The American pur- 
pose must be to reinforce any French 
inclination to bring a rule-abiding Is- 
lamic Salvation Front into what has 
been up to now the dangerously closed 
process of Algerian politics. 


Thunder in the Senate 

In its substance and its drama, Tues- 
day was a climactic day in the Senate's 
yearlong struggle over campaign 
money. The heretofore cocky majority 
leader. Trent Lott, failed in his effort to 
scuttle the McCain-Feingold campaign 
reform bill by attaching an anti-labor 
amendment Meanwhile, at the hear- 
ings cm fund-raising abuses of last year. 
Senator Fred Thompson issued a blis- 
tering challenge to President Bill Clin- 
ton to rip down the investigative block- 
ade erected by his attorney general, 
Janet Reno. And Senator Joseph 
Uebennan, wanning to his role as me 
committee’s most fair-minded Demo- 
crat, said the logical response to White 
House obstruction was to extend the 
committee hearings past the Dec. 31 
deadline. “We’ve got to keep charging 
the wall that’s befog erected to block 
our inquiry,” Mr. Lteberman declared. 

All this upstaged what was to have 
been the day’s top event, the testimony 
of the master of the White House 
money machine, Harold Ickes. Mr. 
Ickes, the president's former deputy 
chief of staff, delivered his most op- 
eratic version of the Democrats’ stan- 
dard tune: We Were Just Copying Ron- 
ald Reagan. But that could not divert 
from twin realities that cut into both 
parties on Tuesday. 

Hie Democrats know that Wash- 
ington is fairly vibrating with con- 
gressional and public rebellion against 
Ms. Reno’s refusal to allow a fair, 
broad investigation of how the Demo- 
crats financed their campaign. Mean- 
while, Republicans are squirming with 
the knowledge that while Republican 
members of the Thompson committee 
are documenting the abject corruption 
of the present campaign system, Mir. 
Lon is plotting madly to preserve it. 

He had assured his colleagues that 
he had the votes to amend the McCain- 
Feingold bill with a poison-pill mea- 
sure curbing labor’s ability to raise 
campaign money. But with at least five 
Republicans prepared to join 45 Demo- 
crats in voting “no,” he withdrew his 
amendment entirely rather than risk 
defeat Then eight Republicans joined 
with the Democrats in an attempt to cut 
off debate and vote. Even though the 
53-vote total was seven sheet of the 60 
needed to end a debate, the lesson was 
that a majority of senators want to 
change the system. 

This means that if Senators John 
McCain and Russell Feingold can keep 
their legislation on the floor, they can 
squeeze Mr. Lott into behaving. In the 
days ahead, he may become as des- 
perate to bury the bill as the Democrats 
are to keep Ms. Reno's stopper in the 
Justice Department bottle. 

On tire latter issue, Mr. Thompson 
has rarely delivered a more focused 
and acerbic performance. He rightly 
depicted Ms. Reno’s plan to inves- 
tigate only Mr. Clinton’s fund-raising 
telephone calls as a dodge to mask 
Justice’s indifference to illegal foreign 
contributions, fleeing witnesses, miss- 
ing documents and undiscovered 
tapes. Senator Pete Domenici weighed 
in with the entirely logical suggestion 
of calling Ms. Reno to explain how she 
could rule out a special prosecutor 
when the FBI had been reined in and 
when her assurances that the inves- 
tigation was proceeding vigorously 
now stand as demonstrably untrue. 

All tire partisan rage did not detract 
from the Republicans' key point 
Based on the work done by the FBI and 
Justice Department prosecutors, Janet 
Reno cannot possibly know at this 
point who was responsible for cam- 
paign law violations. 

In providing the opening shot for his 
long-awaited testimony, Mr. Ickes tried 
to blur the issue. He spoke of Ms. Reno 
as a figure of integrity, and ‘ Mr. 
Clinton’s fund-raising effort ere 
simply an extension of what hxu. gone 
on before. But this scandal, as he surely 
knows, goes way beyond presidential 
telephone calls or whether a reception 
was held in this room or that The ev- 
idence already suggests clear violations 
of law in the harvesting of foreign 
money and the switching of canpeugn 
accounts. The recently revealed White 
House tapes showed people alleged to 
have been involved in these activities 
robbing shoulders with the president. 

All that is to say that Mr. Ickes's 
passionate assurances about Ms. Re- 
no's integrity are beside foe point. It is 
her competence that foe nation has to 
worry about That concern will stand 
out starkly when foe history of this 
period is written. By then, too, we will 
know whether Trent Lott succeeded in 
preserving the law that produced so 
much corruption. 


Other Comment 

Goons Versus Journalists 

Early this year, the handcuffed and 
tortured body of Argentine news pho- 
tographer Jos6 Luis Cabezas was 
dumped inside his car and set afire. He 
had been shot in the head. Enterprising 
crime reporters work daily in the face of 
lethal retaliation in Latin America, and 
as often as not the threat comes from 
thugs allied with foe ruling circles. The 
systematic harassment of reporters and 
editors has allowed democratically 

elected but habitually oppressive gov- 
ernments to work in foe shadows. 

In the last 10 years, 173 journalists 
have been murdered in Latin America. 
The killers are not spumed lovers, loan 
sharks ordesperadoes. They are goons, 
some of them rogue cops, whom you 
will find hanging aro und officials in 
$700 suits who conduct business in the 
halls of power. Sometimes it seems 
that only vigilant journalists can 
change this picture, if they survive. 

— Los Angeles Tunes. 




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Good for Ted Turner, and May He Be Imitated^ 

W •_ i am ml wvirv m 

^TEWYORK — Ted. Turner’s gift to By James Gustave Speth 

1 v the United Nations is a godsend. 

Beyond the tangible benefits that it 

will have for the world's poor and of its personnel are d e d i c ated to as- 
dispossessed , it comes at a tma when si s ting foe poor. 

UN resources for refugees and human For millions in the poor countries, capability to coorainaje numamuuuui ^ ^'ariiies of nations. The 

development are shrinking, even the United Nations is not merely an assistance and to link it to reconstrue- of most countries and mpsi 

though the needs and opportunities are . international forum but the bearer of tion in post-emergency situations, m- pnoruy ■ , evelQnment jj ^ montil 
growing. It is thus a wake-up call to tangible benefits. The blue flag has the eluding foe clearing of landmines. The P^P 1 ® tn activities, foe 

respect it does because it is the symbol 
of people helping other people build a 
just ana sustainable world. 

growing, it is thus a wake-up 
governments which, citing domestic 
priorities, are slashing them 1 develop- 
ment and humanitarian assis tance 

It may even nudge those govern- 
ments that now owe foe United Nations 
some $2J billion (including more than 
$1 billion owed by foe United States) to 
pay their debts. 

Did Mr. Turner make a sound in- 
vestment in focusing his generosity on 
the United Nations 1 / The answer, 1 be- 
lieve, is clearly “yes.” And his ex- 
traordinary gift calls attention to a part 
of the United Nations that works well 
and that is essential to foe rest 

Throughout foe Cold War, when the 
Security Council was often deadlocked, 
another United Nations emerged and 
flourished, a United Nations engaged 
with refugees and the internally dis- 
placed, with foe poor and hungry, with 
child survival and advancement of 
women, with population and environ- 
mental initiatives, with food security 
and programs to strengthen democratic 
governance. Indeed, most of foe United 
Nations’ financ ial resources and most 

In its work in these areas, foe United 
Nations brings special strengths. 

• UN program s focus heavily on the 
neediest countries, and cm foe neediest 
people within those countries. For ex- 
ample, 90 percent of program funds in 
the UN Development Program are al- 
located to some 67 countries that are 
home to 90 percent of the world’s 
people in absolute poverty. 

• The neutrality of foe United Na- 
tions means that it does not represent 
any particular national or commercial 
interest, or interests of “donors” gen- 
erally. It can therefore develop spatial 
relationships of trust with countries and 
their people, and provide long-term ca- 
pacity-building assistance free of short- 
term political or economic objectives. 

• While bilateral aid programs are 
cutting back, foe United Nations’ uni- 
versal presence means that it does not 
overlook any poor country. Through its 
unmatch ed network around the worid, it 

involvement or wnuaumty-uaatu . .. j- „ » 


capability to coordinate humanitarian principle that it sn — * 

foe clearing of land mines, me peoprc « u- 
of theUniled Nations’ work is is not 

unique. It esn link work in peacebuild- political to'* ? ke lv o 

tag? care for refugees and relief, re- organization together is likely ; iq 

construction and development, and it 
provides an ideal base of support for 
early-warning and preventive-devel- 
opment initiatives. 

The great goals for which foe in- 
ternational community has worked — 
peace, democratization and human 
rights, an end to poverty and hunger, 

environmental protection, population 

stabilization, foe control of drags and 
terrorism— can be achieved wily in the 
context of sustainable, people-centered 
development. The United Nations has a 
track record second to none in pro- 
moting that kind of development. 

Also, powerful ethical and political 
considerations underscore why the 
United Nations must keep a balance 
between its peacekeeping and inter- 
national security activities, on the one 
hand, and its activities to promote hu- 
man betterment and help people realize 
their aspirations for decent lives. The 
moral authority of the United Nations 

cnunble. If we want a United Nations 
for peace, we need a United Nations foi 
human development 

In recognizing the importance .0 
these relationships, as well as of the yh 
capacity to turn money into genuuu 
help for foe world's neediest, Ted 
Turner has set an example riot only foil 
increasingly shortsighted donor goy-j 
emments but also for foe world’s 
billionaires, whose collective asset^ 
exceed foe annual incomes of half fori 
world's people. ‘ » 

As important as the gift itself is Mrj 
Turner’s commitment to press fod 
United Nations' case with others, bqfo 
individuals and corporations, who cad 
join with him in securing a better world 
and a better United Nations. , ! 

The writer is administrator of the 
UN Development Program. He con - j 
tributed this comment to ike Internal 
tional Herald Tribune. — 

You Either Hand the Money Out or Give It to the Government 

N EW YORK — I was in 
Dallas on the day Bill 
Gams, foe richest man in 
America, announced he would 
be creating a foundation to 
give 5200 million over five 
years to computerize libraries 
around the country. 

1 happened to be talking with 
another rich man. Raymond 
Nasher, about his contribution 
of $32 milli on to buy and de- 
velop two acres (0.8 hectares) 
of land next to the Dallas Mu- 
seum of Art to create a sculp- 
ture garden. * ‘It’s about time/ ’ 
said Mr. Nasher, who built 
homes and shopping malls. 

By Richard Reeves 

That was in June. Since then 
foe stakes and tempo of Amer- 
ican philanthropy have been 
increased by my frivorite loose 
cannon, Ted Turner. 

Aiming at Redmond, Wash- 
ington, foe fortress of Mr. 
Gates’s company Microsoft, 
the media man from Atlan ta 
announced (hat he planned to 
give $1 billion — one-third of 
his wealth — to the United 
Nations over 10 years. The 
Gates gift, mostly Microsoft 
software and equipment, rep- 
resented about 0.05 percent of 

his 538 billion fortune. “Skin- 
flint,” said Mr. Tomer. 

He said Mr. Gates and oth- 
ers of the new super-rich were 
refusing to give money to 
worthy and needy causes be- 
cause it might drop them lower 
on the Forbes list of foe wealth- 
iest Americans. . 

Although I love Mr. Turner’s 
all-American idiot-savant style, 
he is wrong about Mr. Gates, 
who is 41 years old, more than 
20 years younger than Mr. 
Turner — and more than 30 
years yodnger than Mr. Nasher. 

There is a time for reaping and a 
rime for sowing, even if your 
crop is digits. Mr. Gates is busy 
reaping, but he will sow in time, 
if for no other reason than U.S. 
inheritance law. 

Leonard Riggio, the creator 
of Barnes andNoble’s super- 
stores, who is worth $500 mil- 
lion, put it this way: “You 
either give the money away or 
give it to foe government in 
income taxes and estate taxes. 
But I would rather be an ac- 
tivist than a philanthropist. ’ ’ 

The generous wealthy are 
exceptional Many of their fel- 
lows pul their energies into 

avoiding taxation and res) 
sibility to foe system and na 
foot made their great weajjfo 
possible and protects itagai 
war, pestilence and foe poor^ 
Mr. Turner, marching tefa 
different drummer, is the most 
exceptional of all. But he is, a 
great man in that nutty way tjjai 
made America itself great Jj 
Mr. Turner has a feel for Ms 
country. Magazines are beg fa- 
rting to publish lists of givers. 
One is the “Slate 60” of me 
biggest givers of 1996, pufc 
lisbed on foe Internet py 
Slate's owner, Microsoft. 

Universal Press Syndicate. ^ ^ 




High Time for Human Rights in the Mideast Peace Equation 

S TOCKHOLM — Benjamin 
Netanyahu’s meeting with 
Yasser Arafat on Wednesday 
was a welcome gesture, but was 
it anything more? 

Last week Prime Minister 

By Sten Andersson and Thomas Hammarberg 

tained no hearing for their quest 
for "peace with justice.” That 
certainlyisamistake, if peace is 
indeed wanted. There can be no 


Netanyahu -‘clarified.' ’-that foe^ -lasting -conciliation- as long as 
settlements on occupied tern- the weaker side is humiliated 

and live ammunition, continue. 
Of die 58 people killed during 
as violent shaking and suspend- foe violent unrest in September 
mg shackled prisoners in pain- last year, 15 were 

ice of such 
physical pressure” 


ing interrogation. It is rert&I; 
reported that 15 prisoners Mvi - 
died in custody during foetes 
three years. ,‘- 

Pressure on tbe PaleStrmaj 
Authority to crack down ofrfer 

tdry would continue expanding. 
As long as this position re- 
mains, it is unlikely that talks 
could progress beyond meet- 
ings to discuss meetings. 

The Israeli government con- 
ditions peace talks on security 
for its population. That seems 
logical, but concrete actions 
have almost derailed foe Oslo 
process — and have fostered 
more insecurity. 

Mr. Netanyahu has given the 
potential terrorist a huge carrot 
He has made clear that if a bomb 
explodes again there will be no 
talks and further hardship for 
people in the occupied territo- 
ries — precisely what the ex- 
tremists aim for. 

The Palestinians have ob- 

and collectively punished 6y 
foe side with power. Peace and 
human rights are interrelated. 

Both of us have a long history 
of friendship in Israeli society. 
We have been all more sad to 
learn of tbe gradual undermin- 
ing in Israel of basic human 
rights principles. 

The policy of extrajudicial 
executions abroad is of course 
unacceptable even if seen as a 
means against terrorism. There 
are other examples. 

The ruling by foe High Court 
of Justice late last year to allow 
brutal interrogation methods, 
otherwise called torture, was a 
most disappointing signal- 
What was required instead was 
a clear decision to stop foe 

m “administrative detention” 

sonere m pain- lastyear, id were cniiart 

l positions — The. — . settlement — policy- rorists has JWL contribu 

The number of Palestinians threatens any possibility of human rights atmosphere..Lti 

peaceful solution of the under- 
lying problems, including foe 
issue of Palestinian refugees. 

Already foots are 5,000 settlers 
in Gaza, 150,000 in the West 
Bank and 160,000 to 200,000 in 
East Jerusalem. 

At the same time, foe move- 
ments of Palestinians are re- 
stricted. In the West Bank they 
live in bantustan-Iike areas sur- 

wifoout trial has gone up again 
and is now 420. They are in 
addition to 3,500 sentenced and 
500 others under arrest. 

The occupation policy not 
only violates international law, 
it has serious human rights im- 
plications. Land confiscation 
and what now appears as sys- 
tematic ethnic cleansing in East 
Jerusalem deprive ordinary Pal- 
estinians of their right of res- 
idence and livelihood. 

House demolitions and re- 
peated closures of Gaza and 
other Palestinian areas are noth- 
ing but collective punishments 
of innocents. 

Brutal riot control methods, 
with shooting of rubber bullets 

rounded by Israeli checkpoints. 

Palestinian human rights 
groups have protested against 
all these injustices. However, 
they have had reason also to 
turn against their own admin- 
istration. They have seen un- 
acceptable abuses committed 
by the Palestinian police. Hor- 
rific torture has been used dur- 

The Next ‘Miracle 9 Region Could Re South Asia 

Japanese like to compare 
Asia’s economic development to 
a formation of flying geese, with 
Japan, whose economic miracle 
started in tbe 1950s, at its head. 

Japan was followed by Hong 
Kong, South Korea, Singapore 
and Taiwan. In foe 1970s, In- 
donesia, Malaysia and Thailand 
joined foe flock. In foe 1980s 
came China. 

In recent weeks much of East 
Asia has been* looking much 
less miraculous. But it would be 
wrong to downplay the signif- 
icance of East Asia’s long-term 
achievements, which have re- 
volutionized living standards. 

A much more intersting ques- 
tion than just how quickly foe 
markets will settle down in East 
Asia is whether foe 1990s will 
see some of the countries of 
South Asia join the flock. 

In pans of foe world where 
fast growth spurs a rapid rise in 

for^nve^ntnew supplies of 
cheap labor for labor-intensive 
operations. There are still large 
numbers of low-skilled workers 
in China, Indonesia. Indochina 
and Burma, but it is likely that 
South Asia’s geographical 
proximity will start to make its 
abundant supplies of cheap 
labor an attractive target for 
private business. 

Since foe mid-1980s, South 
Aria has been foe world's second 
fastest growing region, eclipsed 
only tty East Asia itself. 

mdia has grown at an average 
of dose to 7 percent a year for 
foe last four years. Economists 
have traditionally bestowed the 
status of “economic miracle” 
once a country , has grown at 
more than 6 to 7 percent a year 
for more than five years, so In- 
dia is already on the verge of 
being classified as South Asia’s 
first economic miracle. 

By John Williamson 


Perhaps foe most encouraging 
consideration is South Asia’s 
embrace of policy reforms. India 
provides a dramatic example. 

Faced with a balance of pay- 
ments crisis in 1 98 1, it respond- 
ed with much more than just a 
traditional stabilization pro- 
gram by also implementing a 
wide-ranging package of mea- 
sures to liberalize and open up 
foe economy. 

Other countries in the region 
have also been adopting, more 
disciplined economic policies, 
as well as making greater use of 
the market, freeing up trade and 
welcoming foreign investment. 
Pakistan’s new government 
provides a recent case in point 

The long-standing tensions 
among the countries of the re- 
gion, which have in the past pre- 
cluded economic cooperation, 
seezn finally to be subsiding. 

A recent study by foe Asian 
Development Bank and foe 
Harvard Institute for Interna- 
tional Development concludes 
tfwr foe major factor explaining 
why South Asia has lagged so 
for behind East Aria is the past 
policy failures of its commies, 
such as their addiction to import 
substitution rather than export 

While South Asia still suffers 
from the world’s heaviest trade 
protection, its differences with 
East Asia in this regard have 
been shrinking, thus creating 
foe conditions in which it can 
reduce the growth gap. 

Yet another encouraging 
portent is South Asia’s declin- 
ing birthrate. The report esti- 
mates that the other major rea- 
son. dial foe region has lagged 
behind East Asia is that the lat- 
ter made the transition to lower ’ 
birthrates much earlier than 
South Asia, a change which 

brought great economic gains. 

Lower birthrates eventually 
result in a larger proportion of 
depopulation in foe workforce, 
which boosts national savings 
and thus finances foe high levels 
of investment necessary for rap- 
id growth. Birthrates are now 
falling throughout South Asia. 

India’s growth has been aided 
by a series of good monsoons 
and foe absorption of slack cre- 
ated during the 1991-1992 re- 
cession. It is now running op 
against infrastructure bottle- 
necks as a consequence of not 
having invested enoughin trans- 
portation and energy in the re- 
cent past. Removing this 
obstacle to continued high 
growth will take determined ac- 
tion to improve the fiscal situ- 
ation, so that the government 
can afford to maintain foe ex- 
isting infrastructure and build 
new projects, and to open op this 
sector to private investors. 

Infrastructure is only foe most 
immediate of the problems that 
have resulted from weak policies 
in tbe past. Training and edu- 
cating people (“human devel- 
opment’’) is perhaps foe most 
fundamental of all the prerequis- 
ites for rapid growth. It is an area 
in which South Asia lags badly 

widespread poverty in a 
of generations, as much of 
Asia has done, will depend on 
whether democratic govern- 
ments are able to keep up the 
good work of embracing sen- 
sible economic policies. 

At least we now know much 
more about which policies de- 
serve to be called sensible, and 
how they contribute to foe no 
longer miraculous process of 
nurturing economic miracles, 
than we used to. 

distinction has been -made 
tween proven “culprits anr 
people with just general funda.. . 
mentalist and anti-Israeli views •' 
Security courts have been fes" 
tablished and summary proie 
dures introduced that foil shbr - 
of minimum standards for a &i 
trial. These methods create fjir - : 
tber bitterness and of course ri< 
not rid the area of terrorism. 2 
Clearly, the Palestinian 
thority is responsible for 
policy. But those who reco|n i 
mended the “tough action^ • 
should also account for thei 
part of this debacle. We hqp 
that foe time has come for ; 
rethinking of the one-dimin 
sional approach to security. | 

The basic idea behind «h> 
1993 Declaration of Principle: 
was to build confidence stepjb; 
step between foe two peoples’ 
This is still sound thinkingr4u 
it cannot happen withoi& r re 
spect for human rights. 

The point is not new. In the 
Interim Agreement on foe Wes < 
Bank and Gaza signed in Wqsh v 
ington two years ago, tfaeitwj 
sides agreed to show “due r^r- 
gard to internationally acceptec 

norms and principles of h 
rights and the rule of law.’^J 

The writer is chief economist 
for the South Asia region at the 
World Bank in Washington. He 
contributed this comment to the 
International Herald Tribune. 

Mr. Andersson , a former for 
eign minister cf Sweden. ’{ibM 
chairs the Olqf Palme Inter- 
national Center. Thomas Hdm - 
marberg, a former secretary- 
general of Amnesty Intemadbn 
al, advises the Swedish go0$7i- 
meru on humanitarian issues 
They contributed this persettia. 
comment to the lmemaiitha. ■ 
Herald Tribune. 



1897: Boss Assailed 

NEW YORK — The Journal 
makes a terrific onslaught on 
Tammany boss Mr. Croker 
who, tins paper says, was forced 
to nominate a decent ticket by 
foe press of the people. “Public 
indignation,” says the Journal , 
“beat upon Croker’ s head tmrit 
'foe boss,’ brutal unimaginat- 
ive and devoid of moral sense 
though he be, could bear the 
terrific bombardment no longer. 
He permitted die nomination of 
sack a ticket as would have been 
nominated by a city convention 

such movements. Mus 
Kemal is concentrating a 
part of his army toward ~ 
from where, if war is decl 
would seem to be his inten. 
to attack Constantinople. ^Snc 
of Kemal’s most trusted 
erals, together with his st 
troops of all arms, is advaric 
into the district. 

1947: Plea foir Aid 


behind its more dynamic neigh- uarmc oomoaramem no longer. LONDON Sir St 

bos to foe east The region’s He permitted foe nomination of CrimK in his nm*/ mi^ L Tfri- 
record on primary education is sacha ticket as would have been tah?Teconomic boss ^ J - 
particularly Weak, with an es- nominated by a city convention today TOct Ri f«r A,.™, ,., 

jf J}«eHl genius of Taramiffly *35? 

cenu to tamest mtae wodi had stayed m to Eagbst pool- this wiS™ (SuchS ta 

' Child malnutrition is another rooms where he belonged.” 7 y 

disaster area in parts of the re- 
gion, including Bangladesh 
(whereas many as 80 percent of 
the children are to some degree 
malnourished), and one with 
long-cam consequences for the 
future vigor of foe workforce. 
In foe last analysis, whether 

1922: Kemal Advances 

alist troops are making their ap- 
pearance in the neutral zone at 
Ismid. This advance constitutes 
a flagrant violation of Ismet 

South Asia is able to eliminate - Pasha’s promise to forbid all 


urgent terms, appeared to rep- 
resent a worsening in Britain s 
economic crisis. It was also the 
Brat time that a member of foe 
British Cabinet had asked di- 
rectly for interim help from foe 
United States to tide ovej; foe 
period between now .lajid 
whenever foe Marshall 
goes into operation. 





The Heat Is On, but Can Politics Stand It? 

*t > OSTQN — Call it a moment of 
a) enlightenment. You can almost 

t envision a cartoon light bulb going 
1 -on over the White House. 

Searching for a down-home ex- 
sample in the midst of the dire graphs 
/and numbers being bandied about 
K nnd passed around by scientists, the 
p * president brought up (he subject of 
the high-tech light bulb at 1600 
/Pennsylvania Ave. IPs a bulb that 
‘"posts morein the beginning, but lasts 
11 longer in the end. 

Sometimes, the man of the house 
/told the assembled, he wonders why 
/ they haven't installed more. Or for 
“mat matter why the public hasn't 
’/bought more. 

! Tnis electric analogy came Mon- 
Jday at the White House conference 
rra climate change. 

£'? The weather cooperated beauti- 
Tuliy for the event. Washington was 
■in full air-conditioned mode at 90 
.“degrees Fahrenheit while in New 
>1 /England we wens hunting for the 
(! shorts we had just packed away. 

Up and down the East Coast, tele- 
’■ vision weathermen, with their usual 
joviality, reported it as Indian sum- 
| ,,mer. But by now that benign prein- 
’ dustrial label is challenged m our 
''own minds. What should weLcall it? 

By Ellen Goodman 

Greenhouse summer? Caibon emis- 
sions summer? 

The good news is that most Amer- 
icans at last believe in the reality of 
global warming. 

For a long time, doubts were 
fueled, if you will excuse the ex- 
pression, by a coal and oil industry 
campaign to undermine public be- 
lief. But the public has learned 
something from its encounters with 
the tobacco folks. It is a bit of post- 
iodostrial skepticism about industry- 
financed science and corporate di- 
infomercials. So most of us have 
now signed on to the belief honed in 
the title of Ross Gelbspan’s impor- 
tant book “The Heat is On.” 

Bnt die mixed news from the con- 
ference is that the argument has shif- 
ted from science to economics. From 
computer models of climate disaster 
to models of political disaster. The 
difficulty of dealing with global 
wanning rests uneasily on one of the 
toughest questions in American life. 
Can a country with a short attention 
span focus on the long run? What do 
you do when all politics are local and 
wanning is global? 

la less than two months, the 
United States is due to ante up at the 
international table in Kyoto where 
toe world’s communities will try to 
reach agreement on reducing the 
amount of greenhouse gas emissions 
we all pump into the air. The United 
States, which contributes 20 percent 
of the world's emissions with 4 per- 
cent of die world's population, has 
yet to decide its policy. 

At issue is bow quickly to reduce 
emissions below 1990 levels. If this 
is an environmentalist's baby step, it 
is begumiog to look like a politi- 
cian’s paralysis. In Washington, 
where the most important weather 
pattern is foe prevailing wind of pub- 
lic opinion, the uncertainties nave 
delayed decisions. 

Some of foe uncertainties are eco- 
nomic; this is a venture into un- 
known territory. While most experts 
figure that we can conserve energy 
and even improve the economy, 
there is no certainty about the costs 
and benefits of making larger tech- 
nological changes. 

But some of the uncertainties are 
political, in a venture into a much too 
familiar terrain. In what is the most 
important issue of our time, politi- 
cians are being asked to make policy 

at their own high risk. If foe policy 
helps the environment, they won't 
get credit for weather disasters that 
didn't happen. If it harms the eco- 
nomy, they will be duly blamed. 

' In a two-page ad in The Wash- 
ington Post on the day of foe con- 
ference. hundreds of energy compa- 
nies — listed state by state — 
wanted foe government not to 
"rush” into a United Nations agree- 
ment And foe same industry that 
told us that climate change was bunk 
is now shelling out $13 million in 
ads to convince foe public that, even 
if it isn't bunk, it will cost us too 
much to deal with it 

So this is where we stand. The heat 
is on Washington. The public be- 
lieves we are changing foe climate, 
but people are not yet sweating it 
The president believes that “it 
would be a grave mistake to bury our 
beads in the sand.” but be isn’t will- 
ing to take foe heat of leadership. 

On a day when news about the 
presidential coffees all but blotted 
out a conference on climate, our at- 
tention is more fickle than the weath- 
er. Here is foe puzzle: How many 
weather disasters will it take to fi- 
nally change a 'light bulb? 

The Barton Globe. 

Steam From the Killer Mountain 
Is Just the Fairies Baking Bread 

The Chairman Knows Clinton Better Than That 


. , . Everyone, even foe 
Satiate majority leader, Trent 
Lott, thinks Fred Thompson 

has mangled his wmipaign fi- 

yutoce hearings. 

■/But die s enato r from. Ten- 
fr&see was understandably in- 
spired by die discovery of the 
i of White House coffees, 
that ay out far some 
Up, Tiger LBy?” 
subtitles to go with the pictures 
ot.‘BUl Clinton shaking hands 
yiith an Indonesian landscaper 
who says "James Riady sent 
me,” and of foefonner Demo- 
cratic Party chief Donald 
f '—Fowler fending off a man try- 
ing to give him five checks by 
mattering about attorneys and 
setting the money later. 
**Anyhow, Mr. Thompson 
had a new flan on Tuesday, 
foe arousing footage 
speech so sbr- 
jjirig it could have come from 
■^Absolute Power,” Clint 
Eastwood’s Washington con- 
"Jljjjracy thriller. 

By Maureen Dowd 


He said it was unfair to beat 
on A1 Gere and Janet Rena 
'c said the * ‘ mi ssing player” 
should come forward. ‘‘Mr. 
President,” die Republican 
ghamuin sb id in h is plangent 
baritone, “much of this money 
thai was raised, illegal money, 
was for your campaign and for 
your re-election. This is your 
White House ... Now I think 
foe American people expect, 
you to step up to the plate and 
take responsibility, because 
surely nobody wants this to go 
down looking like a successful 
cover-up of much more se- 
rious activities." 

There was only one prob- 
lem with this sermon. It was 
addressed to Bill Clinton. 

Does it make sense to ask 
the man who has won two 
presidential terms 
because he is an ; 
the man whose motto 
Buck Stops There” — does 
Mr. Thompson truly expect 

this man to si _ 

Has the Clinton 
ever forthrightly complied 
with document requests? 

Surely Mr. Thompson has 
not forgotten foe case of foe 
levitating Rose law firm 
billing documents and the 
peripatetic FBI files on top 
officials of the Bush admin- 
istration? Surely he has no- 
ticed that just about everyone 
who is supposed to testify 
ab o ut foe Clintons’ financial 
waywardness either loses his 
memory, destroys documents 
or flees foe country? 

Lanny Davis, the presi- 
dent’s special assistant for ob- 
struction, bounced around 
outside the bearing room try- 
ing to top his explanation of 
why Attorney General Janet 
Reno got hung out to dry , why 
no one at foe White House told 
her about the 44 tapes of cof- 
fees before she issued her ex- 
culpatory report on the coffees 


., n ftX.TO Enlargement, Too 

V ;/' As a retired U.S. Foreign Service officer, I 
^"^uld not quarrel with my former colleague 
hard N. mass's choice of major Issues for 

Richard N. mass s cuoice or major issues tor 
foreign policy concentration (“When Makes a 
JLegend? Some Foreign Policy Tips" Opin- 
i$n. Sept. 26) so long as such concentration 
“does not translate into neglect of other cru- 
/c^lly important issues. 

*. / Most glaringly, Mr. Haass is way off track 
/instating foar "making NATO bigger is not 
' n all that important.' ' The truth underlying foe 
.* sometimes reasoned, sometimes impassioned 
■ 'Sebau on that very matter, in these pages and 
elsewhere, is that the future size and silage of 
‘‘ the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is of 
utmost importance to the United States, other 
members and the potential allies. 

•—The alliance has always been as much a 
{political entity as a military one, certainly 
/-since d6tente joined deterrence and defense as 
its third strategic pillar 30 years ago. Political 
'/qqhesion played every bit as strong a role in 
, y bringing toe Cold War to an end as did mii- 
1 rirary integration or the threat of nuclear re- 
filiation in foe event of armed attack by 
/'numerically superior conventional forces, 
pbe decision to enlarge was sound on stra- 
tegic, political and moral — yes, moral — 
^grounds, and the prospect of tough going in 

* the U.S. Senate is no reason to mm to other, 
less controversial issues. 

Claims that Asia and foe Pacific will dom- 
inate international affairs in the years and 
, decades ahead have become commmonplace. 
/til wager that Europe, NATO and trans- 
/'$tl antic relations in general will continue to 

* occupy primary places in U.S. policy and to 
./'require maximum attention in Washington. 
" well into the 2 1st century and beyond. 


" Couleuvre, France. 

A Trader Who Does Good 

The recent attacks on George Soros, most 
notably by the Malaysian prime minister, Ma- 
hathir bin Mohamad, are patent nonsense. 
Most vile is the attempt to portray Mr. Soros 
as a reverse Robin Hood, preying on the poor 
in developing nations to enrich himself. 

While working m Russia last year, I spent 
some time in Cheboksary, some 700 Solo- 
meters east of Moscow, a town devastated by 
industrial closures and massive unemploy- 
ment. As a native speaker of F-nglish, 1 par- 
ticipated in a weekloug retraining course for 
teachers that was sponsored by Mr. Soros. 

Teachers from all over die republic packed 
foe classrooms. Their enthusiasm was re- 
markable and moving. This very modest in- 
vestment provided an enormous boost to foe 
teachers’ confidence and morale and sent 
them back reinvigorated to share their know- 
ledge with their students. 

I wonder bow many of foe people crit- 
icizing Mr. Soros, many of whom enriched 
themselves during foe boom days in Southeast 
Asia, have used any of their fortunes to help 
i Mr. Soros continues to prom 
ly from his trading activities. I am 
sure that others will benefit as a result 



Campaign Finance 

jn t 


! f 

V * 


r Letters intended for publication should be 
< 'addressed ‘’Letters to the Editor * and contain 
1 the writer’s signature, name and full address. 
■* Letters should be brief and are subject to edit- 
-jing. We cannot be responsblefor the return of 
unsolicited manuscripts. 

Erica Niedowski (“’Who’s Calling the 
Kettle Black?" Opinion, Sept. 25) astutely 
points out that the abuses of foe U.S. cam- 
paign-finance system do not recognize party 
lines. Her call to examine foe transgressions 
of both the executive and legislative brandies 
is urgent. Voter apathy and cynicism are a 
direct result of foe idea that votes and ide- 
ologies don't count as much as money. 

Let elected officials run foe country with- 
out foe warty of campaign financing. Let 
television and radio networks be required to 
iblic air time to candidates. A few weil- 

tuned del 

sbates among candidates will serve 
the voters much better than millions of dollars 
spent on "war chests.” 



on Friday. They couldn't 
reach anyone at the Justice 
Department on Friday be- 
came it was Rosh Hashaoah. 

He offered a more ludicrous 
explanation of why die White 
House couldn't find foe 
videos, taped by the in-house 
archival film crew, for nine 
months after tile committee 
requested them: They were 
typing foe wrong key words 
into the computer. One report- 
er wondered if they had for- 
gotten "coffee” bad two e’s. 

"We were using proper 
nouns, not nouns,” Mr. Davis 
said, justifying foe improper. 

All foe computer searches 
seem beside foe point since 
foe president and other of- 
ficials saw the crew filming. 

"It’s np to you to declare 
us incompetent,” Mr. Davis 
said. “Just don’t declare ns 
venal” Of course, nothing 
serves venality as well as in- 

It was left to Harold Ickesto 
make the everybody-else-did- 


point man in 1996, he said, be 
modeled his office on the one 
established in the Reagan awl 
Bush years by James Baker. 
But Mr. Ickes was being mod- 
est Even the most devious 
Republican, the late Lee At- 
water. would be awed by their 
arrogance, by the scale of il- 
legal milli ons harvested and 
fay their breathtaking tacki- 
ness in selling the Lincoln 
Bedroom, the Oval Office and 
Air Force One. 

The senators were getting 
into a frenzy of outrage at 
being subverted by foe White 
House even as Mr. Lott was 
over on the floor smothering 

M^^Ickes had their hypo- 
critical number when he dryly 
noted: “I respectfully suggest 
that your complaint is with 
foe law, not with us. We 
played by the rales.” 

So that’s it: The law made 
them do it 

The New York Times. 

F airy meadows, 

Pakistan — The tgack that 
leads from these alpine sum- 
mo- pastures to foe camp 
where serious climbers base 
themselves for an assaalt on 
Mount Nanga Parbat winds 
through an aromatic pine 
forest Alter about 20 
minutes, the path reaches foe 
edge of aclin overlooking foe 
Raikot Glacier, then fellows 
foe ridgeline upward. 

It is a walk to be savored 
and taken slowly, partly be- 
cause of the height, about 
3,500 meters above sea-level, 
and partly because there is so 
muefl to see. The glacier 


stretches for about six kilo- 
meters like an enormous 
tongue. At the highest point, it 
is gleaming white. But as it 
descends — devouring 
boulders, rocks, gravel and 
anything else in its path — it 
becomes gray and rather ugly. 

From the path on foe ridge, 
we could bear foe sound of ice 
cracking in the belly of glacier 
and rocks felling down its 
sides. The Shina-speaking 
fanners who bring their 
sheep, cattle and goats from 
the Iowa valleys to the upland 
stores in summer to 

: of the glacier as a si 
ing giant wife indigestion. 

Our guide, Ghulam Nabi 
Raikoti, who spent boyhood 
summers with his family in a 
log cabin at Fairy Meadows, 
tells terrifying tales of local 
encounters with yetis dis- 
guised as old hags, and hap- 
pier stories about meetings 
with fairies in the forest 

"Whom the femes love, is 
well protected. That’s what 
many people here believe,” 
he said. 

The forests do seem en- 
chanted. The pines, firs and 
junipers give way at higher 
altitudes to stands of silver 
birch, their leaves starting to 
display an autumnal tapestry 
of yellow, gold and russet 
Streams of crystal water 
tumble over mossy rocks. 
filling the woods with bell- 
like sound. 

The mountains above the 
forests have a harsh, haunting 

By Michael Richardson 

beauty. Nanga Parbat is foe 
ninth tallest peak in the world 
and the westernmost bastion of 
foe Himalayan chain. It rises in 
a series of ridges to an icecrest 
8,125 meters high. Even on a 
clear summer's day, with its 
massive shoulders draped in 
pe rennial snow, it could (with 
only a little imagination) be 
the brooding, headless torso of 
an outlandish giant No other 
peak within 100 kilometers 
comes anywhere near its size. 

Nanga Parbat means Na- 
ked Mountain. Its southern 
face is so steep feat it is bare 
of vegetation. This southern 
wail, with foe disputed ter- 
ritory of Kashmir at its foot, is 
one of tiie greatest precipices 
in foe world — a drop of 
5,000 meters, or three miles. 

To the east and west, foe 
mountain is bounded by the 
deep narrow gorges ofthe As- 
tor and Bunar valleys. Only 
on its northern side, facing the 
Indus River valley, does 
Nanga Parbat slope steeply 
rather than plunge. 

Nanga Parbat was first 
climbed by a German-Aus- 
trian expedition in 1953. Ithas 
killed more climbers — at 
least 80 so fer — than any 
other mountain. Locals call it 
foe “ ‘mountain with a hundred 
feces” because its mood can 
change so quickly. 

When we arrived at Fairy 
Meadows, parts of Nanga Par- 
bat were visible through the 
mist The next morning it was 
clear, foe mountain gleamin g 

woodroosly in foe sunlight as 
we emerged from our’ tents. 

Local legend has it foar 
when steam rises as the sum-' 
mer sun melts the snow on 
Nanga Parbat’s peaks, it 
shows when the nines are 
cooking their bread. More 
alarmingly, s&ys Isobel Shaw, 
who has written several travel 
and trekking guides to 
Pakistan, the mo untain is also 
believed to be foe home of 
demons, giant frogs and snow 
snakes 30 -meters long. 

Over dinner of mutton 
curry, vegetables and un- 
leavened bread, Mr. Nabi told 
us another haunting story. 

“About 50 years ago, a 
young German couple who 
were engaged to be married 

came to Fairy Meadows, ”.he 
said. “While walking one day 
ou foe Raikot Glacier, the 
man fell into a deqp crevasse 
and couldn’t be rescued.” 

Each summer, for the next 
seven years, foe young wom- 
an returned in a nitile attempt 
to by to recover her fiance's 
body, virtually devoting her 
whole life to foe quest since it 
took months in those days to 
reach Pakistan from Germany 
and then travel overland by 
horse and foot to the northern 
slopes of Nanga Parbat. 

Mr. Nabi’s eyes, above his 
military mustache, were the 
color of pale green tourmaline 

The guide told 
stories of lost 
love and yetis in 

as be told the story by the light 
of apressnre lamp. Whether it 
was feet or felde, I could not 
tell and he did not say. But at 
foe time and in that place, we 
listened spellbound. 

“After die seventh year of 
■mamhing the, young H erman 
woman gave up and did not 
return,” he said. “She only 
came back 17 years later, when 
she looked mnch older and 
was still unmanied" With the 
aid of some porters, foe wom- 
an went up to foe glacier again 
to try to find the body. 

“After several days, she 
found a hand and shirtsleeve 
emerging from foe ice," Mr. 
Nabi said. “It turned out to be 
the frozen corpse of her fi- 
aned, perfectly preserved and 
just as handsome as she re- 
membered him.” 

Looking for some tokens of 
affection, she found a wallet in 
his jacket It contained a letter 
to another woman, telling her 
that she was foe man's true 
love and that he had only be- 
come engaged to someone 
richer for the money. 

''The dead man’s fianed 
flew into a rage and drew his 
body into the nearest cre- 
vasse,” Mr. Nabi said. “That 
was just the first sign of her 

International Herald Tribune. 

'■ !if: IWj i 

Hotel Latex-. Continental, Buis 

Insight into a city takes decades to 
acquire and just a moment to share. 

One World. One Hotel. 

Uniquely Inter-Continental. * 











































A FS 1 CA 










A U.S. Push for Chinese Military Transparency ’ 

Defense Secretary William Cohen . 
visiting Europe for consultations, spoke 
with Joseph F itchett of the International 
Herald Tribune about how NATO en- 
largement will expand European secu- 
rity. He also addressed US. hopes for 
helping stability in Asia through recent 
changes in military ties with Japan and 
continued military contacts with China. 

Q. How has the leadership change in 
Beijing affected China's military? 

A. The military still remains the core of 
power in China, and the source of control 
for the country, but 1 don’t know exactly 
what the new leaders’ position will be vis- 
i-vis the military. 1 will be going there 
peal month as part of our ariministraricm' l s 
con tinuin g policy of strong militaiy-to- 
military contacts. It fits what I’ve been 
saying in my contacts with Chinese for the 
last four or five years that more trans- 
parency in their militaiy programs can 
solidify relations and avoid tensions. 

Q. in military terms, how big a power 
is China really? 

A. It’s big and populous, but its tech- 
nology is not comparable with the West's. 
The Chinese are determined to modernize 
the military , but the Pentagon does not see 

Q&A / William Cohen 

a “pear competitor" forU.S. power until 
2010 or 2015, at the earliest Regionally, 
the Chinese armed forces are obviously 
trying to build up their power projection 
capability, but it will take them some 
years to integrate the technologies in any 
comprehensive military fashion. 


Q. Is China a nuclear proliforator? 

A. We've expressed concern that 
there has been export of technology 
coming out of China to che Middle East 
— to Iran, in particular. A message I've 
conveyed is that China will soon become 
a net oil importer and more dependent on 
supplies from the Middle East, so any- 
thing which contributes to the potential 
for devastating warfare in that region has 
a negative impact on Chinese interests. 

Q. How did Beijing react to the new 
U^. -Japan defense guidelines? 

A. Japan remains a key ally, but we're 
conscious that stability in the region 
depends on the sum of our relations with 
Japan, with Chinn and with the ASEAN 
countries. We’ve worked hard to ensure 

that the g uideline agreement is as trans- 
parent as possible so that Chinese leaders 
can see it is not directed at them. I think- 
they have been relatively calm so for. 
The Chinese are mainly concerned about 
whether it commits the Japanese in any 
way to assist in a conflict with Taiwan. 

Q. Does it? 

A. The guidelines are not defined in 
any way geographically. It deals wife our 
bilateral relations and specifically wife 
help that Japan might be able to give while 
folly respecting its constitution — for 
example, peacekeeping missions, de- 
mining efforts in their own waters or 
support activities for the United Stales, 
principally in foe Korean Peninsula if the 

contingency ever arose. 

Q. Going back to Iran, bow serious is 
the threat? 

A. Tehran used chemical weapons in 
the Iran-lraq War and is hying to develop 
more sophisticated ones, along with bio- 
logical and possibly nuclear warheads. 
On missiles, they would threaten Gulf 
countries — where our forces might be 

stationed — including Saudi Arabia, 
Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, 
O man. Iran is seeking to become a re- 
gional sea power, acquiring Russian sub- 
marines, first surface combatants, longer- 
rance anti-ship cruise missiles. 

Q. France and other European allies 
■seem hopeful that Iranian policy may 
moderate under the new leader? 

A. There's certainly a lot of interest in 
seeing a more moderate face and perhaps 
even more moderate policies. President 
Clinton says that he’s "hopeful but 


Q. NATO enlargement, you regularly 
say, will cost money. What exactly do 
new allies need to buy? 

A. Mainly what it takes to make their 
armed forces inter-operable with NATO 
units: command and control commu- 
nications and intelligence systems. Their 
forces need retraining and restructuring. 
There are not a lot of big-ticket items 
such as supersonic aircraft 

Q. So "inter-operability” does not 
mean “buy American warplanes?" 

A. Exactly. It does not At least not in 
(he reasonably foreseeable future. And 
these countries are probably going to 

Wil^LetfnK AJ« w w « e<> Pio- 

The U.S. defense secretary hopes 
to “solidify relations” with China. 

spend less than they would otherwise. 
Without NATO integration, they might 
get drawn into a regional arms race, with 
one buying U.S. warplanes, its neighbor 
buying another country’s fighters. Part 
of the greater stability (hat comes with 
NATO enlargement should be greater 
sharing of defense expenditures. We 
want budgets to be calibrated to avoid 
unnecessary redundancies, taking into 
account countries’ economic abilities 
and their burdens as NATO members. 

Hong Kong 9 s Leader Looks Ahead 

Cheering 100 Days of Chinese Rule, Tung Maps Out a Future 

By Keith Richbuig 

Wo-ifiuijiron Past Servlet 

HONG KONG — After 100 days in 
office, the first posccolonial leader of 
Hong Kong laid out his vision Wednes- 
day of a city that will become a high-tech 
service center closely linked with south- 
ern C hina, where education and housing 
will improve and the elderly will get 
more care, but where full democracy 
must wait another decade. 

Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa's 
first policy address to the local leg- 
islature was largely bereft of any dis- 
cussion of politics or civil liberties, fo- 
cusing instead on the more mundane 
social issues that might occupy any big 
city mayor. 

But by emphasizing common con- 
cerns, Mr. Tung may have touched a 
chord with average Hong Kong resi- 
dents, who, three months after the 'his- 
toric transition from 1S6 years of British 
rale, seem largely content that the hand- 
over has gone surprisingly smoothly and 
have re turned to more ordinary preoc- 

“Before, I thought there would be 
some changes,” said La Hoi who runs a 
newsstand that stocks 1,000 foreign 
tides as well as flags, postcards and 
souvenirs of old colonial Hong Kong. “I 
thought there would be some restrictions 
in life. I thought there would be more 
rales and regulations, like restricting the 
sale of flags.” But, hesaid, “nothing has 

* ‘I ’m very happy,” he added, “every- 
thing is just the same.” 

Mr. Tung’s two-hour speech was dra- 
matic mainly for the huge change it 

He is the first ethnic Chinese to run 
this predominantly Chinese city that for 
a century and a half was die preserve of 
British governors. Mr. Tung delivered 
his address in Cantonese, without the 
sarcastic asides and literary quotes 
favored by his predecessor, Chris ratten. 
And he spoke in a legislative chambers 
adorned not with the British royal crest, 
but with the bauhinia flower emblem of 
the new “Special Administrative Re- 
gion," as Hong Kong is now known. 

“We, the people of Hong Kong, have 
begun to write our own history.'’ Mr. 
Tung said. “Hong Kong has finally 
broken free of the psychological con- 
straints brought about by the colonial 

There were no members of the pro- 
democracy Democratic Party in the 
chambers to bear the speech — they 
were consigned to the outside, where 
they led a small protest. Mr. Tung de- 
livered his address, which was broadcast 
live on television and radio, to 60 law- 
makers who had been hand-picked by 
Beijing — ■ after China announced that it 
would scrap the legislature chosen in a 
free election set up by Britain. 

Mr. Tung devoted only about two 
minutes to politics. He promised that 
elections for a new legislature would 
take place as planned on May 24, but 
Hong Kongers would have to wait 10 
years, until 2007. for fuller democracy. 

‘ 'There are many details that need to 
be worked out," he said. "We will be 
working out these details in accordance 
whh the principles of democracy and 

He added that his “long-term ob- 
jective” was to have the chief executive 
and the legislature “elected by universal 
suffrage. ” But he gave no hint when that . 
might'’ be, suggesting that democratic 

elections might come well after 2007. 

Mr. Tung also offered reassuring 
words for those who feared that the 
territory’s traditionally free press would 
fell under the type of restrictions and 
censorship common on the Communist 
mainl and. “There was some concern 
that the freedom of the press would be 
curtailed on establishment of the Special 
Administrative Region,” he said. “1 can 
assure everyone mat this government 
will remain an open government, re- 
specting the freedom of the press and of 
fne media.” 

The bulk of the two hour speech was 
devoted to social issues, particularly 
education, housing and care for the el- 

He promised $1 billion worth of new 
initiatives, including a fund to encourage 
innovation and competition in primary 
schools and high schools; an upgrading 
of teacher training; the recruitment of 
700 native English-speaking teachers to 
improve students’ English, and more 
emphasis on using the Chinese language 
in schools. He pledged to undertake a 
wide-ranging review of all aspects of the 
education system at all levels. 

Mr. Tung also vowed to increase 
monthly welfare payments to the el- 
derly, build at least 85,000 new apart- 
ment units each year and increase the 
territory’s home ownership rate to 70 
percent over the next decade. 

He also said Hong Kong’s economic 
development was tied to establishing 
more links with the prosperous 
provinces of southern China, particu- 
larly neighboring Guangdong, and said a 
new “high level framework” would be 
set up to study ways to cooperate across 
the border on everything from environ- 
mental concerns to infrastructure to wa- 
ter supply. 

Opinion polls indicate that Mr. Tung 
now enjoys an approval rating of more 
than 65 percent- That make s him at least 
as popular as his predecessor, Mr. Pat- 
ten, who had widespread support for his 
advocacy of democracy but was also 
vilified in some circles for putting Hong 
Kong on a collision course with Bei- 

Michael DeGolyer, a political scien- 
tist at Hong Kong Baptist University 
who is studying popular attitudes toward 
die transition, said Mr. Tung is popular 


Tung Chee-hwa joking with reporters after his speech to the legislature, 
in which he focused on social issues that might occupy any big city mayor. 

because he has 

in such areas as housing and education. 

“He's talking about all the right 
things,” Mr. DeGolyer said. “He’s pop- 
ular because of what has not happened. 

Hong Kong hasn’t collapsed, the cur- 
rency hasn't collapsed, the stock market 
hasn’t collapsed, the population hasn’t 
ran away. There's nothin g tike relief 
over the worst not occurring. ’ ’ 

Yevgeni Khaidei Dies at 80; 
Photographer Depicted Soviets 

The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — Yevgeni Khaidei, a 
veteran photographer whose pictures of 
Soviet soldiers hoisting the red flag over 
the Reichstag in Berlin are among the 
best-known images of World War II, 
died here Monday. He was 80. 

Mr. Khaidei had long been ill. The 

Fiat Unos Checked 
In Diana Accident 

Agerice France-Presse 

PARIS — Policemen investigat- 
ing the crash that killed Diana, Prin- 
cess of Wales, are checking a list of 
1 12,000 Fiat Unos, the make of car 
that may have collided with Diana’s 
limousine just before the accident, 
sources close to the investigation 
said Wednesday. 

The list includes every Fiat Uno 
registered in the Ile-de-France re- 
gion around Paris from 1983 to 
1994, the entire period when the 
Italian car was manufactured. 

Analysis of evidence found at the 
scene of the Aug. 31 crash in aParis 
underpass has suggested the in- 
volvement of a Fiat Uno, believed to 
be white, just before Diana’s Mer- 
cedes slammed into a concrete pillar 
at high speed. 

In particular, they have found 
traces of paint on the front right wing 
of the Mercedes, as well as on the 
right wing mirror, which was found 
30 meters (108 feet) away from the 
wreck of the limousine, after having 
apparently been rom off. 

Policemen also found fragments 
of a toil light some distance ahead of 
the crash scene, which were also 
found to have come from a Fiat. 
Witnesses said a vehicle may have 
got in the way of the Mercedes. 

Kommersant daily did not specify the 
cause of death in its report Wednesday. 

Mr. Khaidei began his career in 1935 
as a reporter for the Soviet press agency 
Tass. He became well-known as a pho- 
tographer and took his most famous pic- 
tures at the end of World War II in 
Europe, when Soviet forces entered Ber- 

When Stalin ordered an anti-Semitic 
campaign in the late 1940s, Mr. Khaidei 
a Jew, was dismissed from Tass but 
continued to work for various Soviet 

Dr. Hadassah Rosensaft, 85, 
Provided Auschwitz Testimony 

NEW YORK (AP) — Dr. Hadassah 
Rosensaft, 85, a Holocaust survivor who 
saved hundreds of Jewish inmates atAus- 
chwitz and later provided important testi- 
mony against the death camp’s com- 
mandants, died Friday. 

Dr. Rosensaft, who lived in New York, 
died in Tisch Hospital at the New York 
University Medical Center, her sou, 
Menacfaem, said. She had suffered liver 
failure caused by malaria and hepatitis 
she contracted at Auschwitz, he sard. 

Bora in southern Poland. Dr. Ro- 
sensaft became a dentist in 1935. Eight 
years later, along with her parents, her 
husband and their 5-year-okl son, she was 
sent to Auschwitz. Her family members 
soon were killed in the camp's gas cham- 
bers, and Dr. Rosensaft was assigned to 
work in the Auschwitz infirmary. 

Arthur Tracy, 98, ‘Street Singer 7 
Who Was Radio-Era Music Star 

NEW YORK (NYT) — Arthur Tracy, 
the celebrated “Street Singer” on radio 
and recordings in the 1930s and 40s, 
died Sunday. He was 98 and lived in 

With his richly romantic voice, Mr. 
Tracy was a musical star for decades, 
singing his theme song, “Marta, Ram- 
bling Rose of the Wildwood." as well as 

Afcnoe Ftaocc-Prcne 

Soviet soldiers raising their flag after capturing the Reichstag in Berlin 
in the famous 1945 photograph taken by Yevgeni Khaidei for Tass. 

sue* ballads as “When I Grow Too Old 
to Dream,” “I’ll See You Again,” “Red 
Sails in the Sunset” and “Danny Boy.” 

He had a comeback in the early 1980s 
when his 1937 recording of “Pennies 
From Heaven" was heard on the sound 
track of Herbert Ross’s movie of that 
name. The movie starred Steve Martin; 
Mr. Tracy's voice was lip-synched by. 
Vernal Bagneris. 

Bishop Samuel Habib, 69, head of 
the Protestant community in Egypt and 
an advocate of Middle East peace, died 
of a heart attack Tuesday while visiting 
California. (AP) 

Group Captain Desmond James 
Scott, 79, New Zealand's most dec- 
orated World War II fighter pilot, died 
Wednesday in Christchurch. (AP) 

sunrage. »ui ne gave no nint wnen mat . witnesses saia a venicie may nave smging ms tneme song, "Marta, Kam- Mr. Tracy s voice was lip- sync tied by orated World War II fighter i 
might be, suggesting that democratic got in the way of the Mercedes. bling Rose of the Wildwood.” as well as Vernal Bagneris. Wednesday in Christchurch. 

VICHY: Papon Goes on Trial in Bordeaux for Crimes Against Humanity During Nazi Occupation of France 

Continued from Page 1 Presiding Judge Jcan-Louis Castagnede’s pose a danger to his life. The judges also oversaw generation to understand and come to terms with 

routine questions as he was arraigned. “Papon, the selection by lot of nine lay jurors, five men what its predecessors did at a dark time. ' 
French Army in 1940. Mr. Papon has charged his Maurice, 87, retired.” he grunted. and four women, most of them under 35, who in It was only two years ago when Presidenl 

accusers with wanting m put him on trial Tor the Most people tried for felonies are kept in jail to French practice sit and deliberate with the Jacques Chirac first acknowledged the respon- 
sins of the entire regime. assure their presence during trial But Mr. Pa- judges, not independently. sibility of the French nation for the crimes com- 

l-Marc Vai 

3 Israel Troops* 
Die in Attacks 
By Hezbollah 

The Associated Press 

MARKABA, Lebanon — Guerrillas 
detonated roadside bombs near Israeli 
patrols on Wednesday along the border 
m southern Lebanon, killing three sol- 
diers and wounding 10 others, Lebanese 
security officials said. 

Two other people — an Israeli-allied 
militiaman and a civilian — were also 
wounded in guerrilla rocket fire that 
followed the firer roadside bombing. 

The Iranian-backed Hezbollah took 
responsibility for the attacks. There was 
no immediate comment from Israel. 

The first bombing hit an Israeli con- 
voy in the village of Markaba, about 450 
meters (1,500 feet) from the Israeli bor- 1 
der, die security officials said. Two sol- 
diers were wounded, one seriously, in 
the explosion. 

Less than an hour later, another road- 
side bomb blew up near an Israeli unit 
several hundred meters from die first 
attack, killing three soldiers and injuring 
eight, the officials said. 

. Security officials said Israeli troops 
and South Lebanon Army militiamen 
retaliated with artillery fire, targeting 
Hezbollah strongholds facing the Is- 
raeli-occupied enclave in southern Leb- 

The Hezbollah guerrillas fired bar- 
rages of rockets at the site of the roadside 
bombing, causing panic among motor- _ 
ists. Officials said at least 20 guerrilla I 
rockets hit the area, wounding a Leb- 
anese woman and a militiaman from the 
Israeli-allied South Lebanon Army. 

Hezbollah is fighting to dislodge the 
1,500 Israeli soldiers and 2,500 of their 
South Lebanon Army allies from the 
occupied enclave. 


A Surprise Meeting 

Continued from Page 1 

start accelerated negotiations on a final 
peace settlement 

This was evidently what Mr. Ross 
meant in his reference to the “level of 

Officials on both sides cautioned 
against expecting a major breakthrough, 
‘and treated the meeting as a resumption 
of dialogue at die top. 

The search for a new formula is likely 
to continue now with more meetings of 
top negotiators, including discussions 
expected later this month in Washing- 

■ A Shift of Attention 

... .The Nctanyahu-Arafet meeting took 
the spotlight off ah embarrassing Israeli 
attempt to kill a.Hamas leader and the 
return to Gaza of. the Hamas founder. 
Sheikh Yassin. Reuters reported from 

The triumphant return of Sheikh 
Yassin, the revered figurehead of Mr. 
Arafat’s most potent domestic opposi- 
. tion and a symbol for Israelis of Islamist 
extremism, has put pressure on both the 
Palestinian leader and Mr. Netanyahu. 

An adviser to Mr. Arafat, Nabil Abu 
Rdainah, said Israel had recommitted 
itself to implementing interim peace 
deals. The talks, he said, lent new mo- 
mentum to the peace process. 

“It was an important step forward but 
we will have to wait and see for the,, 
results on the ground,' ' he added. 1 1 

Substantive peace talks have been*- 
deadlocked since March when Israel 
broke ground on a Jewish settlement in 
Arab East Jerusalem, seen by Pales- 
tinians as capital of a future state. 

The crisis in the peace effort deepened 
over the months with tire killing of 24 
Israelis in three suicide attacks by mem- 
bers of Hamas, which has opposed PLO 
peace deals with Israel and me existence 
of the Jewish state. 

Mr. Abu Rdainah, the Arafat adviser, - 
said Foreign Minister David Levy of 
Israel and a senior PLO official, Mah- 
moud Abbas (Abu Mazen), would meet 
in the last week of October after the 
Jewish holidays. 

- “Another summit meeting will take 
place if there is a need for it," he ad- 

The meeting capped two stormy 
weeks that began when Israel slipped 
two agents into Jordan to murder the 
Hamas political chief, Khaled Meshal. 
They were arrested after bungling an 
attempt to poison him. 

Mr. Netanyahu persuaded Jordan to 
let the two agents go by agreeing to free 
Sheikh Yassm from a life sentence for 
ordering attacks against Israelis, and 
also to free up to 70 other Arabs 

Cridcs have attacked Mr. Netanyahu 
for poor judgment in sending agents to 
Jordan, Israel’s friendliest Arab ally. 

King Hussein said Wednesday that he 
told Israel two days before tha incident 
that the militant Islamic movement was 
ready to discuss halting its attacks. 

French Army in 1 940. Mr. Pa( 
accusers with wanting to put i 
sins of the entire regime. 

“Half a century after the Nazi barbarity, those 
in power want a guilty verdict whatever the cost, 
to illustrate and confirm the official statements 
they have offered on ‘guilty France,’ ” said a 
statement issued in his name Tuesday by his 
lawyer, Jean-Marc Varaut. 

Mr. Papon said little as prosecutors and law- 
yers argued with his three ermine and red-robed 
judges about whether he, who with support from 
Resistance leaders became the top police official 
in Paris in the 1950s and 1960s and budget 
minister unde - former President Valery Giscard 
d'Estaing, should have to spend his three-month 
trial in custody. 

He spent Tuesday night in Gradignan Prison 
outside Bordeaux, and was curt in his replies to 

’s lawyer, Jean- 

raxaut, said that Mr. 

> apon, who underwent triple heart bypass sur- 
gery last year, was being held in surroundings 
dial exposed him to the risk of more heart trou- 

He was greeted on arrival in die prison, his 
lawyer said, with calls of “death!” from inmates 
who no doubt remembered his past as a Paris 
police official not known fra: tender mercies with ' 

“Having all my life served the law, I am not 
going to start betraying it at my age,” Mr. Papon 
told die three judges, two men and a woman, who 
decided Wednesday to ask a cardiologist and a 
doctor familiar with legal issues to report by 
Thursday whether further incarceration would 

jurors were also selec- 

pose a danger to his life. The judges also oversaw 
the selection by lot of nine lay jurors, five men 
and four women, most of them under 35, who in 
French practice sit and deliberate with the 
judges, not independently. 

Nine other alternate jur 

The Greco-Roman yellow limestone court- 
house in Bordeaux, a city better known for wines 
than for an unglorious past during the occu- 
pation, was too small for the hundreds of law- 
yers, civil parties — Mr. Papoa’s alleged vic tims 
and relatives of victims — and journalists who 
converged on it. 

So only about half those present could actually 
sit in the courtroom. The others watched and 
listened to the proceedings in another large room 
on a computer-driven video that kept turning off 
both sound and pictures. 

The trial has acquired symbolic value in 
France as probably die last time for the younger 

generation to understand and come to terms with 
what its predecessors did at a dark time. ' 

It was only two years ago when President 
Jacques Chirac first acknowledged the respon- 
sibility of the Reach nation for the crimes com- 
mitted by the Vichy regime, which his pre- 
decessors had always argued was illegitimate 
and therefore no stain on toe postwar Fourth and 
Fifth republics. 

Last month, toe French Catholic Church asked 
God and the Jewish people for forgiveness for 
toe silence of most of its bishops on the regime’s 
anti-Semitic measures, and on Tuesday, France's 
biggest police union similarly asked toe 
“Hebrew people” to forgive the French police. 

The only other Vichy figure to have been tried 
for crimes against humanity was Paul Touvier, 
chief 'in Lyon of toe Militia, a thuggish op- 
tion modeled on toe Nazi SS that operated 
rat Ranee during much of toe German 

U.S* Tightens Border 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The government is 
pouring reinforcements into sectors of toe 
southwestern border that have reported sharp 
increases in illegal immigrant traffic from 
Mexico because of crackdowns in more pop- 
ulous areas. 

The effort to plug holes in toe 2,000-mile 
border expands initiatives that began in 1993 
and responds to a congressional mandate to 
tighten control of the border. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service 
announced Tuesday that it was extending "Op- 
eration Gatekeeper” eastward into California's 
Imperial Valley from the area south of San 
Di ego. T he agency said toe move was “aimed 
at crippling toe major alien-smuggling rings 
which have moved their operations to the El 
Centro area in response to increased enforce- 
ment pressure in San Diego.” 





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Cairo Editors Find Way to Elude ‘Noncensorship’ 

By John Lancaster 

W'otf wijjrtM Post Service 

CAIRO — After running afoul of 
Egypt's powerful interior minister recently, 
Ai shnah, die Cairo daily, was barred from 
publishing for two weeks. 

But the editors found a creative way 
around the ban — they arranged to publish 
on the inside pages of a sympathetic rival. 

Such brazen disregard for authority is 
typical of the paper, an outspoken oppo- 
sition weekly whose sensational, if not al- 
ways reliable, accounts of low doings in 
high places have proved as popular with 
readers as they are infuriating to the gov- 

More broadly, the episode sheds light on 
the curious state of press freedom in a 
country tom between the authoritarian in- 
stincts of its rulers and growing public 
pressure for accountable, representative 

As elsewhere in the Arab world, the 
military-backed government of President 
Hosni Mubarak often has tried to silence or 
intimidate internal critics, especially those 
— like the journalists at Al Shaab — who 
take on senior officials and relatives. 

“Our main problem is that we crossed 
this red line.** said the editor, Magdi Hus- 
sein, 46, who will be tried this month on 
criminal charges stemming from a libel case 
brought by Interior Minister Hassan Alfi. 

“It is an unwritten law that the oppo- 
sition cannot speak about corruption in the 

very highest ranks,” he said. 

Perhaps more surprising, however, is that 
newspapers like Al Shaab can publish at all. 
For all the constraints on press freedom in 
Egypt, journalists here enjoy considerably 
more latitude than those in many Arab 
. countries. 

Especially striking is the proliferation of 
stories on the pervasive official corruption 
that is linked in the minds of many Egyp- 
tians to free- market economic reforms ini- 
tiated in the early 1990s. 

of the government’s h uman rights record. 

And they banned an issue of Al Hayat, a 
London-based Arabic daily, for an article 
on a sensitive border dispute between Egypt 
and Sudan. 

Last month, the Interior Ministry barred 
local and foreign media from reporting any 
details of its investigation into tire massacre 
Sept. 18 of nine Gennan tourists by Islamic 
militants in central Cairo. “Any violation 
of this decree will be punished according to 
law,” the government warned. 

‘There is no censorship. If there is something we don’t 
approve of, we say to the people: ‘Don’t write it again.’ Like 
what we do with your newspaper.’ 

The result is a kind of standoff, with 
Egyptian- journalists constantly probing to 
find the limits of press freedom and, not 
infrequently, provoking a backlash from 
government officials. 

Lately, the forces of censorship have 
appeared to gain the upper hand. 

In the last six weeks, authorities have 
sentenced a journalist to six months in jail 
for what they contend was a libelous news- 
paper expos£ on business dealings of Pres- 
ident Mubarak’s two sons. 

They expelled Thomas Cromwell, pub- 
lisher of Tne Middle East Times, an Eng- 
lish-language weekly owned by The Wash- 
ington Times that has been sharply critical 

The Egyptian Constitution guarantees 
freedom of expression, and President 
Mubarak told Egyptian newspaper editors 
two weeks ago that he was unequivocally 
opposed to censorship. 

When asked to explain such contradic- 
tions, officials tend to do so in terms that 
border on the surreal. 

In August, for example, The Middle East 
Times published a transcript of its interview 
with Lutfi Khader, who heads the office 
responsible for reviewing foreign print me- 
dia, and has repeatedly barred the news- 
paper from publishing what he considers 
sensitive material. 

“There is no censorship,” Mr. Khader 

insisted. “If there is something we don’t 
approve of, we say to the people: 'Don’t 
write it again.’ Like what we do with your 

Any criticism of the president or his 
immediate family is off limits. Last year, for 
example, Mr. Mubarak signed a restrictive 
new press law setting harsh criminal pen- 
alties for, among other things, articles that 
“show contempt for state institutions or 

After protests from the journalists’ un- 
ion, he rescinded the provisions of the law 
considered most onerous but left in place 
criminal penalties for insulting the pres- 
ident, his family and foreign heads of 

The provision has been widely inter- 
preted among Egyptian journalists as a di- 
rect response to rumors of shady business 
practices — denied by the government — 
on the part of Mr. Mubarak's two sons, 
Gamai and Aba- 

Few journalists have had as much ex- 
perience with the new press law as Mr. 
Hussein, the editor of Al Shaab. The weekly 
paper is the mouthpiece of the opposition 
Labor Party and is close to the outlawed 
Muslim Brotherhood, the frindameatalist 
group rtiar is the country’s largest political 
opposition movement 

Al Shaab makes no secret of its biases. It 
is anti-government and virulently anti- Is- 
rael. But it also prides itself on muckraking 
journalism, much of h directed at senior 
government ministers. 

Hie Ihe 



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UN Inquiry in U.S. ' 
Stirs Helms’ Anger . , 



By John M. Goshko 

Washington Post Sen-ice 

York — A mission by a 
United Nations human-rights 
expert to investigate capital 
p unis hment practices in the 
United States by interviewing 
death -row inmates has been 
denounced by the chairman 
of the Senate Foreign Rela- 
tions Committee as an “in- 
tentional insult” to the coun- 
try and its legal system. 

Senator Jesse Helms aimed 
his anger at a visit by Bacre 
Waly Ndiaye of Senegal, a 
UN H uman Rights Commis- 
sion special investigator on 
extrajudicial, summary and 
arbitrary executions. 

In a letter sent Monday to 
Bill Richardson, tire chief U.S. 
delegate to the United Nations, 
the North Carolina Republi- 
can called Mr. Ndiaye’s mis- 
sion “an absurd UN charade’" 
and "a perfect example of 
why tire United Nations is 
looted upon with such disdain 
by tire American people." 

Mr. Helms cited a report by 
Mr. Ndiaye last year in which 
the investigator asserted that 
some U.S. death sentences re- 
sult from proceedings ‘ ‘which 
fall short of international 
guarantees for a fair trial.” 

“Bill, is this man confusing 
the United States with some 
other country or is this an in- 
tentional insult to the United 
States and to our nation's legal 
system?” Mr. Helms wrote. 
“It is clear that Mr. Ndiaye’s 
strange ‘investigation’ is in- 
tended to be merely a platform 
for more outrageous accusa- 
tions from U.S. critics at the 
United Nations.” 

Officials at the U.S. Mis- 

sion here said they could noL 
comment until the letter had 
been studied more closely. 

Mr. Ndiaye. whose U.S. 
trip began Sept 21 and was to 
end Wednesday, was in Cali-; 

“1 am very surprised ihat^ 
country that is usually so ope$i 
and has been helpful to me on 
other missions, such as my* 
attempts to investigate human - 
rights abuses in the Congo" - 
should consider ray visit an- 
insult,” Mr. Ndiaye said. 

Mr. Helms’s anger carries i 
special weight because hit 
position as Foreign Relations?' 

Committee chairman puts 
him at the center of efforts by 
Mr. Richardson and the a«£i 
ministration to persuade Con-> 
gross to pay the U.S. debt to ' 
the United Nations. - ■' 

Mr. Helms is an author of 
legislation that would pay 
about $8 19 million of the $ L5 
bOtion US. arrears. But the biH : 
requires tint the world body 
agree to widespread reforms to 
counter what he characterized 
as “a veritable mountain of 
examples of waste, fraud and 
abuse at the Unted Nations.’* 

The senator called on Mr t *“ 1 
Richardson to explain wheth-;IA f y (Ay 
er the admini stration shares 
the view that improper ex- 
ecutions occur ‘ ‘in the context 
of die U.S. judicial system.'-’' • 

He also demanded to know.! ( , 
which American official had ! j ; I : j * 
invited Mr. Ndiaye, whether 4 ‘ " 

his trip was supported by Mr. 

Richardson’s office, how. 
much money the investigation 
would cost the United States 
and what other countries Mr. 

Ndiaye is investigating. 

Mr. Ndiaye is a lawyer and 
a former senior official witfi 
Amnesty International. > 



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Clinton Envoy Will Try 
To End Congo Impasse: 

By Barbara Crossette 

tferr York Tones Service 

York — The Clinton admin- 
istration plans to send a spe- 
cial envoy to Congo, the 
former Zaire, to discuss a 
stalled international invest)- 
ation into allegations that 
wanda n refugees were mas- 
sacred in the eastern part of 
the ■ country during the Last 
year, American officials said 
Tuesday night 

The leading candidate is 
Andrew Young, who was the 
U.S. representative at the 
United Nations from 1977 to 
1979 during the Carter admin- 
istration. tire officials said. 

For more than four months 
the United Nations has been 
trying to investigate reports 
that troops loyal to President 
Laurent Kabila attacked and 
killed Hutu refugees from 
Rwanda as the Kabila forces 
consolidated control over the 
eastern part of the country, 
beginning late last year. 
Twice the Kabila govem- 

The standoff is embarrass- 


not ob- 

The second team was back 
in New York on Tuesday after 
five weeks of being confined 
to Kinshasa, unable to cany 
out its work. 

The suggestion to send an 
American to Congo to try and 
break the impasse between 
Mr. Kabila and Mr. Ann an 
came from Bill Richardson 
the U.S. representative at the 
United Nations, U.S. officials 
said. Mr. Richardson has 
traveled to the Congo and met 
Mr. Kabila as a representative 
of President Bill Clinton. • 

- In addition to the appoint 
ment of the special envoy, the 
White House is planning tc 
appoint the Reverend Jesse 
Jackson as a roving amb&S? 
sador in Africa, officials 

In the past, Mr. Jackson has 
made troubleshooting foreign 
trips cm his own initiative 
some of them to countries 
with which Washington was 
at odds. 

In 1990. Mr. Jacksor 
traveled to Baghdad and ne- 
gotiated with Saddam Hu$ 
sein for the release of 47 
Americans taken hostage dur- 
ing and after the Iraqi inva- 
sion of Kuwait 

After he left office as maycn 
of Atlanta from 1982 to 1990 
Mr. Young formed an orga- 
nization called Young Ideas' 
which was designed to provide 
a link between coroorati 
America and tire devc 
world. He later formed 
Works International, an orga 
nization he still runs. " 




\ The Pistol Star's approximate ' 
location in the sky. Because of 
obscuring dust clouds, it is not 
visible to the naked eye. 

The Pistol Star (white dot in the 
center) and the bright nebula 
surrounding ft The picture was 
taken with an infrared camera. 

The M ilky Way’s Superstar 

Hubble Detects a Body as Bright as 10 Million Suns 


(times as bright as the sun magnitude magnitude 

} The brightness of a star is measured in magnitudes; ( The brigh ter the star, t he tower its magnitude) 

! the brighter the star, the lower its magnitude. The Sun 4.8 -26.72 

! absolute magnitude is how bright a star would be ; 

J from a standard distance (1 0 parsecs or about 32.6 Sinus _ t.4 (23 fane s a s - 

riight-yeara). Apparent magnitude is how bright a star pistol Star -12 l 5 (io mfinonlrnea) '* 35** 

_appears to us in the sky. 



•Ten million 

Source: Space Telescope Science institute; UCLA; NASA. 

The brightest star as seen from Earth. 

** Estimate. 

The New Yuri. Tn 


Packing for 7-Year Trip to Saturn 

By Kathy Sawyer 

Washington Post Service 

W ASHINGTON — Cassini. 

a 6.25-ton, two- story ro- 
botic spacecraft, is ready 
for departure next week on 
a'jDumey of almost seven years to the 
ethereal realm of Saturn and its cel- 
* e^rated ring system. Riding along is a 
1 • smaller probe, called Huygens, wmch is 
to separate from the orbiting mother ship 
and dive to the surface of Saturn’s mys- 
texjoas planet-size moon Titan, into a 
chemical soup similar to the one that 
spawned life on Earth. 

•{The S3 .4 billion mission, 15 years in 
the planning and still at least 1 1 years 
from completion, is the most compre- 
hensive ever undertaken to explore an- 
other planet With a $600 million assist 
from the European Space Agency and 
th£ Italian Space Agency, the jnogram 
has employed mote than 5,000 people, 
including hundreds of scientists and en- 
gineers from 16 European countries and 
3/5 U.S. states. 

tCassini, however, is the last of 
NASA’s interplanetary giants for now. 
This is the era of “smaller, faster, cheap- 

er” missions. Accordingly, the ambi- 
tions Cassini has struggled to survive a 
gauntlet of budget cuts, design revisions, 
glitches and hints of outright cancel- 

It is also under a public relations as- 
sault by anti-nuclear activists who want 
to halt its launch because, like 23 U.S. 
space missions over die last 30 years, the 
craft relies on power packs of potentially 
lethal — but heavily armored — ra- 
dioactive plutonium. The plutonium's 
natural decay provides heat for con- 
version to electrical power where it is not 
feasible to harness energy from die sun. 
The National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, the U.S. Energy Depart- 
ment and a host of independent experts 
have reviewed the system's safety. 

L arge enough to swallow 764 
Earths, Saturn is a photogenic 
gas ball in the perprtual night 
some 890 million miles from 
the sun — twice as far away as Jupiter, 
and so far from Earth that the radio 
signal will take up to 85 minutes to travel 
one way between the two planets at the 
speed of light 

Because of the distances and die mis- 

sion’s complexity, the trip requires a 
daunting amount of energy, said Richard 
Spehalskd of the Jet Propulsion Lab- 
oratory, the Cassini program manager. 
More than half the spacecraft's liftoff 
weight is devoted to liquid propellants. 

But to have enough energy to brake at 
Saturn and carry out its planned four- 
year investigation there, the massive 
craft must also traverse a looping 2.2 
billion-mile course, stealing gravitation- 
al energy from three planets, on four 
occasions, along the way. 

Upon arrival at its destination, 
planned for July 1, 2004, Cassini most 
fire its main engine for 94 minutes to 
slow down and be captured as a Sat- 
urnian satellite. 

The kingdom of Saturn is so beautiful 
it has become the icon of space ex- 

E loration, noted Wesley Huntress Jr., 
FASA chief scientist But the planet, its 
moons and rings also offer scientists a 
rich variety of physics and chemistry, 
which are expected to provide rare in- 
sights into “major scientific questions 
about the creation of the solar system as 
well as conditions on early Earth” and 
how planets might form elsewhere in the 
cosmos. Dr. Huntress said. 

By John Noble WilfoitL 

New York Times Service 

EW YORK — Try to imag- 
ine a star so big that it would 
fill all of the solar system 
within the orbit of Earth, 
which is 93 million miles from the sun. 
A star so turbulent that its eruptions 
would spread a cloud of gases spanning 
four light-years, the distance from the 
sun to the nearest star. A star so power- 
ful that it glows with the energy of 10 
million suns, making it the brightest 
ever observed in our galaxy, the Milky 

Actually, a star so big and bright 
should be unimaginable, according to 
some theories of star formation. But 
there it is, near the center of the Milky 
Way, long hidden from the human eye 
by vast dost clouds and its magnitude 
only now revealed by the Hubble Space 
Telescope, using a camera sensitive to 
the infrared light that penetrates the 

The detection of the luminous star, 
about 25,000 light-years from Earth in 
the direction of the constellation Sagit- 
tarius, was announced by the Space 
Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore 
and theuniveisizy of California at Los 
Angeles. The infrared photograph was 
taken and analyzed by a team of astron- 
omers led by Dr. Don Figer and Dr. 
Mark Morris of die university. 

* “This star may have been more 
massive than any other star, and now it is 
without question still among the most 
massive,” Dr. Figer said. “Its formation 
and life stages will provide important 
tests for new theories about star birth and 

Dr. Bruce Maroon, an astronomer ai 
die University of Washington in Seattle, 
said the discovery demonstrated dm 
ability of the Hobble telescope’s near- 
1 infrared camera and multi-object spec- 

clouds there bad left astronomers walk- 
ing in a virtual fog. The (hist absorbs the 
visible light of stars, even those as bright 
as the one just identified. 

As a result, “we know less about the 
center of our own galaxy than we do 
about the center of other much more 
distant galaxies,” Dr. Margon said. 

The presence of a presumably mam- 
moth star in that dusty region was first 
noted early in this decade by ground- 
based infrared telescopes. 

In research for his doctorate in astron- 
omy, Dr. Figer found reasons to suspect 
that the star was especially powerful and 
that its “past eruptive stages” might 
have created the nebula of dust and gas 
around it 

The Hubble finding;; not only re- 
vealed the full magnitude of the star but 
also confirmed that its eruptions had 
produced the extensive nebula. Astron- 
omers said die shape of the nebula re- 
minded them of a pistol, and named its 
source the Pistol Star. 

F rom the star's brightness and 
prodigious output of gases, 
astronomers have drawn con- 
clusions about its short and 
brilliant career. It probably formed one 
million to three million years ago, a 
brief time in cosmic history. It may 
have weighed up to 200 times the mass 
of the sun before consuming and shed- 
ding so much of its mass in violent 

Star could coalesce without blowing 
itself apart. 

It is also assumed that a nascent star 
would radiate enough energy at some 
point to halt the inward fell of material, 
thus limiting a star’s maximum mass. 
But what is that limit? 

Dr. Margon said that he had not stud- 
ied the date, but that die Hubble tele- 
scope had proved to be highly reliable in 
investigating what lies beyond the dust 
barrier at the galactic core. Theorists, he 
said, will now have to refine or recast 
their ideas of star formation. 

“We don’t really understand the de- 
tails of how stars form out of diffuse 
interstellar gas,” he said. “We don’t 
know what determines the size of the 
proto-stellar clumps, but there must be 
some upper limit to the potential mass of 
a viable star.” 

Dr. Morris of UCLA said, "Current 
evidence leads us to believe that the star 
formation process near the center of the 
galaxy may favor stars much more 
massive than our modest sun.” 

Astronomers analyzing the data es- 
timated the present mass of the star at 
100 solar masses. Twice in the last 6,000 
years, eruptions in the star's atmosphere 
ejected expanding shells of gas equal to 
the mass of several suns, the largest 
being die cloud stretching four light- 

At such a rate of mass loss, die star : 


Dr. Figer and Dr. Moms said die 
Pistol Star was so massive when it was 
bom that it brought into question cur- 
rent thinking about how stars were 
formed. Stars take shape within huge 
dust clouds when interstellar gases con- 
tract under their own gravity, eventually 
condensing into hot clumps that ignite 

three million years to live. Its likely fate.' 
is a spectacularly explosive death in a- 

By contrast, the sun is a star of mod- ' 
est size, a diameter of about 860,000 . 
miles, but much greater longevity. It is 
about five billion years old, astrono- , 
mers estimate, with another five billion 
to go. 


< Not Haute, but Home Couture 

•■i ' 

I- rada Spreads Its Light 

By Suzy Menkes 

Inicrmitionai Herald Tribune 

M ILAN — Prada is light-years ahead of anything 
else on the Italian runways — and “light” was 
the word for its spring-summer collection. The 
play on fabrics and textures that brought gold 
satin illuminating rough hemp, bare skin gleaming through 
translucent latex and bugle beads laid in glassy lines, all had an 
eerie, otherworldy magic. 

Yet in some ways it was a womanly, down-home collection, 
if • where the undulating seams might have been sewn on your 
^ mom's old Singer machine and lumpy hems were caught with 
basting stitches. Think home couture, not haute couture. 

From the opening outfits with bust darts worked in scallops, 
Miuccia Praoa’s imaginative message came through: Seams 
are not only about cut and sew, but also decoration. Crisp 
fabrics like cotton poplin were shaped roughly to the body, the 
bias seams creating wavy lines. Although some of the clothes 
looked like sewing experiments, they were not weird: sleeve- 
less tops with cropped pants (a current Milan trend) and dresses 
bloused before gripping the narrow hips were normal pieces. 

.•The show seemed like a celebration of a forgotten world, 
when home dressmaking was part of growing up. Thai is a 
smart intellectual take when fashion is focused on craft and 
couture detail. 

•The point of Prada's show was to make the ordinary special. 
So- a meadow-sweet print of wheat ears was enhanced by 
computer for a sci-fi look. Or translucent latex, rather than 
chiffon, was used for sheer effects. The latex was also em- 
broidered. while other modernist decoration included glass 
beads gleaming on a gray-cloud print and shoe heels glowing 
radioactive pink. 

A lot of work, a lot of fantasy — and going on doing new 
■ thfags,” said Prada backstage of a show that projected fashion 
*■' fast forward. It received a well-deserved ovation. 

,Al his Fendi show, Karl Lagerfeld seemed to be groping 
toward the same futuristic fashion beacon, bat he left his 
audience in the dork. Why was a designer known for couture 
cutting showing square, shapeless, waistiess dresses? In beige 
knit, they looked literally like sacks. 

,What was the unfathomable geometry: black leather with 
awkward, angular straps or draped crepe apparently bursting 
open across the curves? 

.The only clothes that made sense were the so-called “sum- 
mer funs” — using tufts of feathers, Mongolian lamb and 
goatskin as primitive decoration. And the sleek men's jeans, 
made from tbe Fendi-logo fabric and shown with a fresh white 
shot Now what sexist plot is this that women get to wear boxy 
dresses splattered with sequins like the packaging for kiddies’ 
candies — and men get the streamlined, luxurious clothes that 
Fendi stands for? 

Etro's show proved bow fast the fabric house is finding its 
fashio n feet. From looking like a romp through the sample 
room, tbe Etro look has developed as casual, upbeat, even 
larky pieces, with ethnic overtones in the long, light skirts, the 
. bl$ached-out paisley patterns and in the glitter worked into 
\ . textiles. Some of (he clothes still looked in need of design 
' inspiration, but the presentation was first class, with its movie 

backdrop of flowing water echoed in the liquid drape of fabric 
and the sequined droplets on the models hair. 

Practical Tricks to Help Memory 

By Susan Gilbert 

New York Tunes Service 

EW YORK — Gabriel Ab- 
binanti had always taken 
pride in his sharp memory, 
but when he reached his early 
60s, he started forgetting things: the car 
keys, his glasses, people’s names. Last 
fell, he heard about a memory enhance- 
ment coarse given at Mount Sinai Med- 
ical Center in New York, and he decided 
togiveitaoy. ■ iiir _, .. 

“Everyone in the group was ^con- 
cerned that they were developing 
Alzheimer’s,” said Mr. Abbinanti, 62, a 
retired New York City firefighter who 
lives on Long Island. All die students 
were healthy, bat their memories were 
slipping with age and they wanted help. 

The Mount Sinai course is designed 
for people like Mr. Abbinanti, who are 
experiencing the sorts of memory prob- 
lems that often start in the 50s or 60s, like 
difficulty absorbing new information or 
connecting names with feces, said Dr. 
Cynthia Green, who teaches die course 
and is director of the Memory Enhance- 
ment Program at Mount Sinai. 

Tbe course draws on techniques that 
were used in a study conducted last year 
at Mount Sinai and four other institutions. 
The techniques proved successful in im- 
proving memory immediately after the 
subjects learned diem. In tbe long term, 
the subjects had improved confidence in 
their memory, even though their gains, as 
measured by the study, had been lost 

Dr. Green said one of tbe reasons for 
giving the course was that a lack of 
confidence could make memory prob- 
lems worse. If someone misses an ap- 
pointment or forgets a personal iden- 
tification number, for example, then 
worries that his memory is felling, the 
problem snowballs, she said. 

The techniques used in the study are 
simpler and more practical than those 
outlined in how-to books on memory 
enhancement, said Dr. Richard Mohs, a 
psychologist at Mo ant Sinai and the 
Bronx Veterans Affairs Medical Center 
who directed the study. 

The how-to books tend to teach men- 
tal games for remembering large 
volumes of data, like long lists or entire 
books. Many of these strategies, known 
as mnemonics, were devised by the an- 
cient Greeks. They involve giving words 
extra meaning — by, for example, as- 
sociating them with vivid images or us- 
ing them to make up stories — so they 
can be remembered more easily. 

“The problem with memory-enhan- 
cing strategies is that . they’re bard to 
team so they tend not to be used without 
practice,” Dr. Mohs said. “In studies, 
people using these strategies were 
helped for a while, but over time, with- 
out additional reinforcement, the im- 
provement went away.” 

Dr. Barry Gordon, author of 
“Memory” (MastermediaLtd,, 1995), a 

Why go to all the 
trouble of memorizing 
a list whenyou can 
write it down? 

popular book on memory enhancement, 
knows all too well the limitations of 

“I tried some of the methods I learned 
in writing my book, and they worked 
beautifully,” said Dr. Gordon, who is 
director of the Cognitive Neurology, 
Neuropsychology and Memory Dis- 
orders Clinic at the Johns Hortons Uni- 
versity School of Medicine in Baltimore. 
“1 went from remembering no one’s 
name at a party to remembering every- 
one’s name. But mnemonics is a lot of 
bard work, and at scone point, you just 
have to enjoy the party.” 

Rather than focusing exclusively on 
mnemonics, the memory -enhancement 
coarse in Dr. Mohs’s study included in- 
formation about how memory wades, 
how memory changes with age and how 
factors tike anxiety, lack of sleep and 
alcohol can temporarily impair memory. 


The researchers recruited 142 people 
60 to 90 years old who had some mem- 
ory loss bat were otherwise healthy. . 

. They were divided into two groups. One 
attended die memory course, which met 
once a week for eight weeks. The other 
people, who served as a control group, 1 
simply watched videos of a public tele- • 
vision series on the mind. 

Before the study began, immediately ; 
afterward and six months later, all the 
particiremtswere given a memory test . 
Ri^tal fe'^e gtudyi Ifig'bfcojjle who had^ 
'fafcEff improvemenf ; 

on. the test T|gey also had more con?- 
fidence in their memories. But those who 
had watched tbe videos showed no im- 
provement on either of these measures. . 

Six months later, memory test scares 
for the group who had taken the course 
were back where they started. But their 
confidence in their memories remained 

Dr. Mohs said he thought that in some 
ways, the improved confidence of the 
people who had taken the course was 
more relevant to everyday life than their 
scores on the memory test 

The Mount Sinai course is a modified 
version of the course char Dr. Mohs’s 
study tested. It started last fall in re- 
sponse to what Dr. Green described as an 
increase in the number of people who 
were coming to her far memory tots. 

On a recent Monday evening. Dr. 
Green outlined various tools fra 1 enhan- 
cing memory performance, ranging 
from electronic personal organizers to 
more basic things like appointment 
books and Post-It notes. There were nine 
students in the room, ranging from their 
20s to their 80s. Their response to the 
mnemonic techniques was lukewarm: 
They wondered why they should go to 
all the trouble of memorizing a list when 
they could write it down. 

Practical ways to fix specific 
memory problems got a more enthu- 
siastic reaction. If you have trouble 
remembering what the doctor said 
hours after a checkup, take notes on a 
notepad that you always cany with you. 
Dr. Green said. 


Prada's bugle beads on a computer-print dress. - 

Genny had earned itself a superb venue. Us chairman Dona- 
tella Gtrombelli had contributed to the restoration of the 
Rotonda della Besana — a 17th-century structure where tbe 
models paraded gracefully among the stone pillars, topped by 
carved skulls. It would have been good to see those textures of 
ancient stones included in tbe collection. Instead, Gezmy 
presented a bright contrast to the surroundings, with shocking- 
pink and chrome-yellow tailoring, which looked like a renin of 
the in-your-face 1980s. Quilted piqud decoration and mermaid 
evening dresses were more subtle, but tbe show missed tbe 
fabric innovation so crucial to modem fashion. 

Laurel showed how to make a simple collection shine by 
using innovative fabrics, from crumpled suede, though com- 
puter-enlarged prints to Versace-style metal mesh. The sil- 
houette was streamlined and slim, making the line look 
modem in its commercial way. Iceberg put together the trends 
of the Milan season in its collection of saleable items: spark- 
ling knitwear, Capri pants, openwork decoration and lots of 
shiny stiver. 


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through it 
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14 Base 

19 Angelic symbol 

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34 Ramsay Lewis 
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40 film about 


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Solution to Puzzle of Oct 8 

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saenssag gaaa 
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□Ha snunau guana 
nan qqqhu aaa 



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31 Florists' needs 

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32 Cubic meter 

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Video Game 
Master Dies 
;In Japan 

■ Gumpei Yokoi , 56, 
[Created Gameboy 

By Velisarios Kattoulas 

> International Herald Tribune 

• TOKYO — Gumpei Yokoi will be 
. remembered as a man who with an 
-^improbable stroke of genius in the late 
. ■ 1980s mesmerized more than SO mil- 
lion people around the worid. 

■; Mr. Yokoi, 56. who was buried in 
-Kyoto on Wednesday after dying in a 
'’traffic accident Saturday, was a mas- 

• ter toy designer who led a team of 
■engineers at the Japanese video-game 
-■maker Nintendo Co. that unveiled 
I- Gameboy in 1989 — the world’s first 

and best-selling palm-sized video- 
- .game machine. 

'• Perhaps more important, Mr. 
' Yokoi, known as the “Father of 
/Gameboy,” was at the vanguard of a 
w group of pioneering Japanese engi- 
neers who specialized m consumer 
electronics in the 1980s. 

Together, engineers from such 
"companies as Nintendo, Sony Corp., 
..Toshiba Corp. and Sharp Corp. 
. pushed the boundaries of technology 
'and enlivened the daily routines of 
more than a billion people. 

* At the same time, the shift in focus 
' in Japan Grom heavy industry to con- 
' sumption that Mr. Yokoi and his con- 

• temporaries embodied highlighted Ja- 
'■ pan's metamorphosis into the world's 

second most powerful economy, and 

> into a significant cultural force. 

1 “By the early 1980s, Japan had 
' long been swayed by Hollywood 
■ movies and other foreign influences,” 
: said Hidehiko Sekizawa, executive 
; director at Hakuhodo Institute of Life 
. and Living, the research arm of a top 
: Japanese advertising agency. “Bur for 

* the first time, we saw Japan exerting a 
strong influence on the United Stales 

* and other nations.” With its universal 
' popularity, Mr. Yokoi’s Gameboy be- 

UninnBl Picunl IV«h 

Virtual Boy, a Yokoi creation, offers 3-D games and a special headseL 

came a symbol of that influence. 

Bom in Kyoto, the nation’s ancient 
capital in western Japan, Mr. Yokoi 
was interested in electronics from his 
youth and took up electrical studies in 
his university days. After he gradu- 
ated in 1 965, he joined Nintendo when 
the company was still only a maker of 
playing cards. 

Mr. Yokoi started in the electric 
maintenance department. But he was 
quickly promoted because in his spare 
time he created toys from his own 
designs and they had then gone on to 
sell well 

“Mr. Yokoi was a tremendously 
talented and kind person and was 
loved and admired by everybody at 
Nintendo,” said Yasuhiro Minagawa. 
a spokesman at Nintendo headquar- 
ters in Kyoto. 

By the mid- 1 980s, be was in charge 
of development at Nintendo and 
headed the team that developed 
Gameboy. With a price tag below 
$100 and small enough to fit into a 
pocket, it became an instant hit, and in 

the past eight years more than 55 
million have been sold. 

Its price bas been halved and Game- 
boy remains Nintendo’s best-selling 
product, playing a big role in taking 
the company to the top of the multi- 
bilUon-aoUar video game market 
Gameboy is best known for dis- 
tracting schoolchildren from their 
homework with around 300 different 
fighting, motor raring and mathematics 

gorillas and fantastic explosions set 
against psychedelic cityscapes. 

In August last year, Mr. Yokoi, who 
in recent years had acquired a taste for 
sports cars, left Nintendo to run his 
own electronics company. 

Initial press reports said he had left 
to take responsibility for the sluggish 
sales of the Virtual Boy video ma- 
chine. which he also helped develop. 
But Mr. Minagawa, the Nintendo 
spokesman, said that was not the case, 
and Mr. Yokoi wrote in a weekly 
magazine in November that he had left 
in search of new challenges. 


By Floyd Norris 

JVw York runes Service 

N EW YORK — Will Republic 
National Bank of New York 
still be around in 2997? It 
appears that bond investors 
are confident it will. Lehman Brothers is 
offering $250 million in 1,000-year 
■fl bonds for Safra Republic Holdings SA, 
' a' European subsidiary of Republic's 
holding company. 

A Lehman executive said this week 
that the offering was selling well. 

The bonds, with a coupon rate of 
7. 125 percent annually, were priced to 
yield about 7.21 percent, or about 0.9 
percentage point more than 30-year 
Treasury bonds. 

If all goes well for bondholders, they 
will get that amount of interest each year 
for the next 1 ,000 years and then will get 
their money bock. Given that no cur- 
rency in the world has yet endured for 
1.0W years, it is not easy to estimate 
, what a dollar will then be worth. 
fV' ; There is no guarantee that the bonds 
will stay outstanding for anything like 
that long. The bonds can be bought back 
by Republic at any time, Lehman said, 
bat that call provision is a reJarively 
harsh one, with Republic having to buy 
back the bonds at a price that would give 
the investors a yield of 25 basis points 
— a quarter of a percentage point — 
more than the yield on the 30-year 
Treasury bond at the time of the call. 

In essence. Republic sold a security 
that will be viewed by investors as sim- 
ilar to a preferred stock, which has no 
stated maturity date. It is likely that 
banking regulators will view the bonds 
as- equal to preferred stock when as- 

sessing the company’s capital struc- 

But Republic will be able to deduct 
the interest payments it makes from its 
taxable income, as it can deduct any 
interest payments. 

Dividend payments on preferred 
stock are not deductible. 

President Bill Clinton’s administra- 
tion, worried about a number of 100- 
year bond issues by corporations. 

If all goes well for 
bondholders, they will get 
their interest each year 
for the next 1,000 years 
and then will get their 
money back. 

proposed last year that interest not be 
deductible on bonds with a final ma- 
turity of more than 40 years after is- 
suance. But Congress rejected the pro- 
posal. Still, many lawyers say the 
Treasury would reject deductions by a 
U.5. company on bonds with a maturity 
of more than 100 years. 

Republic National Bank itself has 
only a minority interest in the European 
subsidiary, which is based in Luxem- 
bourg, and it predicts that under Lux- 
embourg law the interest payments will 
be deductible. 

The fact that the bonds did not sell out 
on the fust day of the offering Tuesday 
shows that investors needed some per- 
suading, as they did a few years ago 
when 100-year bonds returned for die 




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NA 332X7 +057 
33150 33240 -065 
How r<Kt 13340 33520 *2X0 
. US. tataaptrmma. Lautoo official 
SluMi and Near York t 

U.S. Presses China on Trade Gap 

Issue Emerges as 2 Sides Lay Groundwork for State Visit 

By Seth Faison 

New York Times Service 

BEIJING — The U.S. commerce sec- 
retary, William Daley, apparently trying 
his best to sound angry, on Wednesday 
attacked China's growing trade imbal- 
ance with the United States. 

Visiting Beijing for trade talks, Mr. 
Daley said he had tried to put pressure 
on Cnina’s’Ieaders to open their markets 
further or to do anything that would 
reverse the widening gap between what 
China sells to America and what it buys 
from America. 

* ‘The trends have just got to change, ’ * 
Mr. Daley said after meeting President 
Jiang Zemin. “It’s just unacceptable for 
them to continue this way.” 

His tough-sounding words, however, 
were essentially a replay of complaints 
that U.S. officials have made over the 
past 10 years with little discernible ef- 
fect, since the imbalance bas grown ever 
larger during that time. The Commerce 
Department estimates that the trade gap 
will grow to $44 billion this year. 

With his trip aimed partly at laying 
some groundwork for President Jiang’s 
meeting with President Clint on jn 
Washington at the end of this month, 
Mr. Daley also was engaged in some 
multi sided diplomacy that reflects tire 
tricky position the Clinton administra- 
tion faces in China. 

On one side, acting as American busi- 
ness’s best advocate, Mr. Daley en- 
couraged Chinese officials to buy 
American and, more specifically, to 
commit to a pending deal for up to $2 

billion of Boeing aircraft 

At the same time, with the Clinton 
administration sensitive to accusations 
that it is somehow caving into Chinese 
demands to make sales here, Mr. Daley, 
went out of his way to sound tough by 
aggressively a tt acking Beijing for keep- 
ing Oflt U.S. goods. 

“When they’re growing at the pathet- 
ic pace that they are today,” Mr. Daley 
said, referring to U.S. exports to China, 
“we need to see significant change.” 

China’s market is hardly open — on 
Wednesday Mr. Daley pointed to dis- 
tribution controls, import licenses and 
special product standards as typical bar- 
riers — bat as a poor country, it is 
debatable how many Chinese customers 
could afford U.S. products even if ac- 
cess were greater. 

Over the years, when Chinese of- 
ficials have heard complaints about 
trade they often answer that the im- 
balance comes mostly from the huge 
U.S. demand for China’s cheaply-made 
goods, like shoes and toys and elec- 
tronics, and less from Chinese govern- 
ment policy. 

To appease die Americans a bit. 
Trade Munster Wu Yi announced 
Wednesday that China would soon send 
a mission to the United States to sign 
what she called “substantial economic 
contracts” to help narrow the imbal- 
ance. Failing to identify the timing., 
value or kind of goods involved,' 
however, suggested that the announce- 
ment was more symbol than substance. 

But Mr. Daley insisted that the Clin- 
ton administration would continue to 

pursue more trade and cooperation with 
China, not less. “Ignoring reality by 
retreating from the global economy and 
China’s expanding role in it is not an 
option,’ * Mr. Daley said. 

Asked about the possibility that 
China might win permanent most- 
favored -nation trade status — which 
Beijing has repeatedly demanded ■ — 
Mr. Daley said it was unlikely to occur 
until “we see progress on a whole host 
of other issues.” 

■ Boeing Nears $2 Billion Sale 

Boeing Co. is close to signing a final 
contract to sell 30 jets valued at $2 
billion to China in the largest such deal 
between Beijing and a U.S. aircraft 
maker in recent years, aviation sources 
at an air show said, according to news 
agency reports. 

The contract should be signed during 
President Jiang’s visit to the United 
States, the sources said. 

The president of Boeing, Ron Wood- 
ard, who attended the air show's open- 
ing alongside Deputy Prime Minister 
Wu Bangguo, refused to comment on 
die deaL Over the past two years, Boe- 
ing has sold only 12 planes to China. 
Airbus Industrie, however, has sold 60 
aircraft to China since April 1996. 

Meanwhile, Turkish Airlines said it 
had agreed to pay Boeing $854 million 
for 26 new 737-800 aircraft The order 
bent out a rival bid from Airbus, which 
was trying to sell Turkish Airlines its 
A321 model. 

Both are smaller jets used for shorter 
flights. ( Bloomberg , AFP) 

EU Acts on Transfers of Pensions 

If 15 Members Approve, Labor Flexibility Will Get a Boost 

By Barry James 

International Herald Tribune 

With New Bond, Republic Looks Ahead 

first time since the late 19th century. 

Those old 100-year bonds were sold 
primarily by railroads, with investors 
taking comfort in the fact they were 
being sold in “gold dollars,” which 
guaranteed investors that they would be 
compensated if the dollar was devalued 
relative to gold. 

Alas, that promise was outlawed by 
Congress in the 1930s, an act that was 
upheld by the Supreme Court on a 5-to- 
4 vote, and those 100-year bonds proved 
to be poor investments as interest rates 
rose well above the low levels at which 
they were issued. 

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, 
owners of 30-year Treasury bonds 
suffered big losses if they sold, because 
rapidly rising interest rates had driven 
down the bonds’ value. Those bonds 
carried the assurance that investors 
would get their principal back, in nom- 
inal dollars, in three decades, a fact that 
helped to hold down the losses. 

Republic’s bonds will take 100 de- 
cades to mature and thus would be ex- 
pected to perform even worse if rates 
did soar. 

It is obvious that no buyer of 1,000- 
year bonds will be around at maturity, 
and institutions that buy bonds tend to 
assume that they will be able to sell the 
bonds in time if it appears that interest 
nates are soaring, as would be likely to 
happen if inflation were to recur. At the 
moment, inflation is quiet, and few ex- 
pect it to revive in the near future. 

In the early 1980s, investors would 
have laughed at the idea of such bonds. 
Now, the fact that such bonds can be 
issued is yet another indication of how 
little worry there is that inflation could 
ever come back. 

BRUSSELS — The European Com- 
mission acted Wednesday to remove 
one of the biggest impediments to labor 
flexibility in the European Union: the 
inability to transfer occupational and 
company pensions from one country to 

If adopted by the 15 member ‘gov- 
ernments, the proposal by the EU’s ex- 
ecutive body would enable employees 
and self-employed workers to keep the 
same pension rights as though they had 
remained in their own countries. 

They would preserve acquired rights, 
be able to receive payments across bor- 
ders and have the right to remain af- 
filiated to a pension plan in one country 
while temporarily posted to another. 

The measure would go some way to 
removing a grass-roots criticism of the 
EU’s single market: that it eases the 
flow of capital and goods, but still re- 
tains barriers to the movement of 

Experts said the introduction of a 
single currency in 1999 would make it 
easier to organize pension plans across 

State pensions and social security 
benefits already are transferable from 
one member country to another. But the 
commission noted that many workers 
depend more on company and supple- 
mentary pensions than they do on state 
benefits, which in several countries 
have been capped or cut as a result of 
austerity measures. 

The present situation, the commis- 
sion said, “penalizes individual work- 
ers. it affects in a negative way the EU 
economy as a whole, and it goes against 
die fundamental principle of free move- 
ment of people within the EU.' ’ 

Mario Monti, the c ommiss ioner in 
charge of implementing the single mar- 
ket, said the flexibility of pensions was 
essential to (he “unimpeded and ef- 
fective functioning” of monetary un- 

Padraig Flynn, the commissioner in 
charge of social policy, said the com- 
mission would later examine other pen- 
sion restrictions that make it difficult for 
many workers to move to a different 

These include the long periods that 
some companies require before workers 
become vested in a pension plan. This 
can be as long as 10 years in Germany, 
meaning that a worker would acquire 
rights to apensiononly after 10 years of 
contributions. Anyone leaving such a 
plan before the 10 years had passed 
would get nothing. 

Only about 3 million Europeans work 
outside their home countries. 

Commission experts believe that the 
difficulty in transferring pension rights 
is an important cause of labor immob- 

In several countries, including Bri- 
tain, France, Denmark and the Neth- 
erlands, more workers depend qn oc- 
cupational pension plans than on the 
dwindling state provisions. 

In another move, the commission 
warned Wednesday that it was planning 

legal measures against countries that 
have not properly opened their tele- 
communications markets to competi- 

The commission did not name which 
countries it had in mind. But Karel Van 
Mien, the commissioner in charge of 
applying competition rules, said Greece 
was the “champion” among those that 
had failed to open tbeir markets. 

Experts said Belgium could also face 
legal action. 

Mr. Van Miert said, however, that 
most countries were on track to meet 
tbeir commitment to deregulate tele- 
coms markets by January next year. 

■ The Great Heathrow Slot Game 

Mr. Van Miert also indicated 
Wednesday that be might be willing to 
negotiate on the crucial issue of how 
many slots British Airways and Amer- 
ican Airlines would have to release at 
London’s Heathrow Airport in return 
for approval of their alliance, Reuters 
reported from Brussels. 

But he warned that he would not 
engage in a “horse- trading” session on 
the issue. 

Acknowledging for the first time that 
the commission wanted the two airlines 
to surrender 350 landing and take-off 
rights at the congested airport, he added 
that the figure was the result of cal- 
culations by the commission aimed at 
ensuring fair competition. 

“Of course it's not an absolute fig- 
ure," he said. “If there are good reasons 
why we should modify it slightly, then 
we could discuss that” 

Germany and Mexico 
Sign Investment Pact 

The Associated Press 

BONN — Germany and 
Mexico signed a treaty 
Wednesday to promote and 
protect bilateral investment 
and trade. 

Helmut Kohl, the Goman 
chancellor, and President 
Ernesto Zedillo of Mexico at- 
tended tire treaty signing by 
both countries’ economics 
ministers in Bonn. 

“The treaty creates a 
stable, long-term reliable 
basis for the further expan- 
sion of German-Mexican in- 
vestment relations,” Guemer 
Rexrodt, Germany’s eco- 
nomics minister, said. 

_ Germany is Mexico’s 
biggest market in Europe, 
while Mexico is Germany’s 
second-largest Latin Americ- 
an trading partner, after 

In talks with Mr. KohL Mr. 

Zedillo said he would wel- 
come more German invest- 
ment in transportation, petro- 
chemicals and other 
infrastructure projects in 
Mexico, Peter Haiumnann, a 
government spokesman, said. 

A German trade center, the 
first in Latin America, will be 
opened in Mexico soon to 
help small and medium-sized 
German companies gain busi- 
ness, Mr. Hausanann said. 

Both leaders also said they 
wanted to expand relations. 

Germany has direct invest- 
ment of more than $1.7 billion 
in Mexico. It added $86 mil- 
lion in new investment there 
in the first half of 1997. 

The treaty contains legal 
protection in casts of domes- 
tic favoritism in the allocation 
of contracts and is designed to 
protect property and the trans- 
fer of capital and profits. 

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lift at Tokyo-MlfiublihL 


To Our Readers 

To present the New York 
Stock Exchange tables more 
/, the International Her- 
Tribune has begun pub- 
lishing a redesigned list of 
NYSE share prices. (Page 12) 
The type size has been en- 
larged said the space between 
linos widened. This has been 
achieved by eliminating 
shares that seldom trade and 
by dropping shares not avail- 
able to most investors. In lim- 
iting the list to the 2,600 most 
traded shares, tire new table 

nonetheless represents about 
99 percent of all NYSE mar- 
ket value daily. 

This is the first in a series of 
revisions aimed at malting the 
share prices in all of our U.S. 
market tables more readable. 
We invite your comments and 
suggestions (e-mail to or write to the 
editor. International Herald 
Tribune, 181 Ave. Charles de 
Gaulle. 92521 Neuilly-sur- 
Seine, France). Full daily 
U.S. share-price information 
remains available at tire 
BIT’S site on the Internet: 


The Corum Gold Coin Watch. An 
authentic $20 U5. gold piece, first min- 
ted more than 100 years ago, is halved 
and an ultra-flat mechanical or quartz 
movement is cushioned inside. Heralded 
as one of the world’s great timepieces, it 
is prized as an heirloom to be passed on 
from generation to generation. 

Mafires Artisans d'Horiogerie 
s trass 

Foe tafommiop write to Conan, 23QI La ChaK*Uc-T6»Kb. 

>1 . 

- PAGE 14 


| |ji If I i 


30-Year T-Bond Yield 

8100 — 

7500 — : 

6 J» 

AT&T and GTE Exploring Huge Merger 

By Seth Schiesel 

Sew YortTbna Service 


1JS V/ih 

-i-A s 0 ": 



r 7. 



WSE - :-i- 


.■ cotnpoba...^.; .--.jj 

Tbfopta"." " 

NEW YORK — Seeking a 
ner to invigorate its torpid 

telephone strategy, AT&T Com. is 
discussing a merger with GTE 

' m j j a s O 

discussing a merger with GTE 
Corp., executives close to the talks 
have said. 

A deal to merge the two compa- 
nies could be worth $48 billion or 

more and would be the largest such 
transaction in American history. 

Memtf T r ; ■ ■ n 

Sdmfcgo • '•'/JPSA^ia^'i.i 

dwarfing WorldCom Inc.’s $30 
billion bid, announced last week, to 
acquire MCI Communications 

AT&T, America’s largest long- 
distance telephone earner, and 
GTE, one of the biggest local-tele- 
phone companies, have been dis- 
cussing a potential merger intemrit- 
tentiy for at least a year, according to 

analysts and executives familiar 
with the two companies. 

But WorldCom 's stunning bid 
for MCI last week increased the 
pressure on AT&T to find a mate to 
increase its presence in local mar- 
kets and on the Internet. 

A published report on the talks 
Tuesday sent shares of both compa- 
nies higher in heavy trading on the 
New York Stock Exchange. Ex- 
ecutives of die companies declined 
to comment on the report GTE 
gained a further $125 Wednesday 
to close at $51,875. while AT&T 
rose $1.0625 to $4650. 

The talks, however, are not yet 
definitive, executives familiar with 
tiie companies said, and any an- 
nouncement about a dal, if one 
materializes, may not come soon. 

In addition to casting about for a 
partner to help it offer local tele- 

phone service, AT&T is looking 
for at least one executive to suc- 
ceed Robert Allen, its chairman 
and chief executive, who plans to 
step down soon- 

AT&Ts succession and acqui- 
sition strategies have become in- 
tertwined, accord ing t o analysts, 
and Charles Lee, GTE’s chairman 
and chief executive, almost surely 
would not agree to a merger unless 
he could assume Mr. Allen’s posts. 

GTE would not necessarily be 
AT&T’s first choice for a merger 
partner. AT&T also has -held ne- 
gotiations this year on a merger 
with SBC Communications Inc., 
which comprises the former South- 
western Bell and Pacific Bell 
phone operating companies. 

Those negotiations, which con- 
tributed to the departure from 
AT&T of John Waller, its second- 

ranking executive who had been 
brought in to succeed Mr. Allea, fell 
apart after the chairman of the Fed- 
eral Communications Commission, 
Reed Hundt, called such adeal ’ ‘un- 
thinkable.*' And before negotiating 
with SBC, AT&T made an overture 
to BellSouth Carp-, executives 
close to both companies have said. 

Evea now, AT&T may not be 
limiting its focus to GTE.- 

Unlike the five regional Bell 
companies, GTE offers local tele- 
phone service in across the United 
States. Also unlike the regional 
Bells — Ameritech Corp., Bell At- 
lantic Casp., BellSouth Corp., SBC 
and U S West Inc. —GTE has been 
free to offer long-distance telephone 
service without geographic restric- 
tion. Over the year tha t it has offered 
long-distance service, GTE has won 
about a million customers. 

Greenspan >V 
And German '• 


Rate Report ; . 
Hit Dollar : 

Source: Bloomberg, Reuters 

Champion Aims to Upgrade Paper-Product Line 


NEW YORK — The dollar fell 
against -the Deutsche mark and Other 
major currencies Wednesday as com- 
ments on inflation by Alan Green- 
roan, the Federal Reserve Board 
chairman, upset financial markets. 

The dollar was also under pres- 
sure after a German newspaper 
fanned concern that the Bundesbank 
may soon raise interest rates. 

The U.S. currency also slumped 
against the yen in Asian trading after - 
Japanese officials proposed tax cuttf 
aimed at stimulating the domestic* 

In testimony to the House of Rep- 
resentatives’ Budget Committee, 
Mr. Greenspan said the U.S. econ- 
omy may be unable to keep growing 
at itscurrent pace without setting-off 


Very briefly: 

' Marvel Entertainment Group said its latest attempt to 

satisfy bank lenders and emerge from Chapter 11 reorgan- 
ization collapsed when the company failed to get two-thirds of 
the banks to go along with the plan. The comic-book publisher 

said it would attempt to get more financing from High River 
LP and Westgate International UP, its bondholders despite, 
the opposition of the banks to such a plan. 

• Jostens Inc. warned that it would have a wider third-quarter 
loss than expected because of costs related to expanding two 
plants and switching compensation for some salespeople. The 

OmeUat by Ow Sniff FrvmDimadiei 

STAMFORD, Connecticut — 
Champion International said 
Wednesday that it would sell its 
newsprint, paper recycling and oth- 
er businesses along with timberland 
in the Northeast mod cat 2,000 jobs 
to try to reverse a pattern of sagging 

maker of class rings, school diplomas and yearbooks said it 
expected a loss of 15 cents to 20 cents a share, compared with 

Champion plans to focus on pro- 
ducing more expensive paper 
products, including ma gazine and 
catalog paper and paper for copy 

machines, a company spokeswom- 
an, Gael Doar, said. 

Champion’s shares eased 43.75 
cents to close at $64.0625 on the 
New York Stock Exchange. 

The businesses to be sold employ 
about 6,200 people, or 26 percent of 
its work force, and last year ac- 
counted for $1.4 billion in net 

The company plans to cut 2,000 
jobs from its remaining businesses 
by the end of 1999, a reduction of 

about U percent. The cuts include a 
reduction in manufacturing jobs as 
well in corporate and other jobs at its 
Stamford headquarters and a facility 
in Knightsbridge, Ohio. 

Champion said the restructuring 
moves would result in a charge 
against earnings of $553 million, or 
$5.77 a share, in the fourth quarter. 

The chairman and chief execu- 
tive, Richard Olson, said the moves 
would mean more focused attention 
on core businesses, profitable 

growth and a stronger company. 

Champi on has struggled financial- 
ly. In the second quarter, toe com- 
pany had a loss of 12 cents a share, in 
contrast to a profit of 16 cents a share 

in the second quarter of 1996. 

For all of 1996, Champion re- 
ported net income of $141 .3 million, 
or $1.40 a share, on sales of $5.88 
billion, down from profit of $771.8 
million, or $ 8.01 a share, on sales of 
$6.97 billion in 1995. 

(AP. Bloomberg) 


expected a loss of 15 cents to 20 cents a share, compared with 
analysts' expectations of a loss of 3 cents a share. 

• Neiman Marcus Group, a retailer, said it planned to open 
three stores focusing on jewelry , gifts and home accessories as 
a first step toward creating a chain of retailers devoted to those 

• PepsiCo Inc.’s Frito-Lay unit said it agreed to buy the 
Cracker Jack snacks line from Borden Foods Corp. Financial 
terms of the purchase were not disclosed. 

• Dow Jones & Co. said third-quarter earnings fell 34 percent 
from the year-earlier quarter, to $26.8 million, as investment 
spending on its Dow Jones Markets information service 
continued to hurt results. 

GREENSPAN: Fed Chairman Sees U.S . Economy on < Unsustainable Track 9 

Continued from Page 1 

■ • Netscape Communications Corp. said the U.S. Defense 
- Department had agreed to license its software, expanding the 
!. Internet software company’s push to gain customers among 
* corporations and big institutions. Terms of the deal were not 

• Yahoo! Inc. agreed to buy Fourll Corp, an on-line com- 
munications and directory company, for $92 million in stock, 
expanding its offerings of Internet content and services. 

• Motorola Inc said it planned to expand its Chandler, 

Arizona, semiconductor-products plant with a $1.1 billion 
addition that will house a silicon fabrication facility and 
support operations. Bloomberg. Reuters 

spending, as a percentage of gross 
national product, to be cot nearly by 
half since 1985. 

Factors sach as the strengthened 
exchange value of the dollar had 
helped forestall inflation by making 
imports cheaper. Many workers, in- 
secure about now new technologies 
might affect them, feared for their 
jobs and were moderating their 
wage demands. 

Mr. Levenson said that the mar- 
kets Wednesday had reacted 
“broadly appropriately” to Mr. 
Greenspan’s comments. 

hi the longer term, he said: 
“Greenspan’s comments have 
changed the psychological back- 
drop. Whereas previously, the 
thinkin g was that with strong but 
n oninflatio nary growth, the market 
■ • * ■ .. • : . 

could do better, now it would be 
hard to think fa those terms.” 

Mr. Greenspan left little doubt 
that the Federal Reserve remained 
ready to raise interest rates, if in- 
creasing wage demands lead to re- 
surgent inflati on 

‘ ‘A re-emergence of inflation is, 
without question, the greatest threat 

Nov. 12. Mr. Greenspan noted that 
job growth had slowed significantly 
in August and September, a fact that 

produced a stock-market rally. But 
he added that “it did not slow 


be added that “it did not slow 

Mr. Leahey said, “He is really 
warning the markets that they’ve 
gone too far, too fasti” 

The duration of the economic ex- 
pansion, now in its seventh year, has 

to sustaining what has been a bal- 
anced economic expansion virtually 
without parallel in recent decades,” 
he said. 

With inflation at its lowest level 
in more than three decades, the Fed 
has raised interest rates by only 0.25 
percentage point over the past 18 
months. Fed policymakers declined 
to raise interest rates when they met 
•last week. Their next meeting is 

new paradigm, a notion that today's 
economy does not follow the old • 
rules. As the Fed chairman described 
the paradigm, “price pressures need 
rarely ever arise because low-cost 
capacity, both here and abroad, can 
be brought on sufficiently rapidly 
when demand accelerates. ’" 

. Mr. Greenspan’s co mments also 

dragged down many European mar- 
kets. In London, toe benchmark FT- 
SE 100-share index fell 435 points, 
or 0.82 percent, to 5,262.1. . 

G erman shar es fell as U.S. bonds 
posted die biggest decline in two 
months after Mr. Greenspan raised 
concern interest rates might rise. 
The DAX Ibis Index fell 43.74 
points, or 1.01 percent, to 4,26759. 

In toe broad U.S. market, toe 
Standard & Poor’s 500 Index 
dropped 9.28 points, or 1 percent, to 
973.84, but the Nasdaq composite 
index turned around to close up 4.50 
points at 1,741.77. 

Oil, telephone and bank shares — 
stocks that tend to perform best 
when interest rates are falling — 
were among die biggest dec liners. 
Chase Manhattan fell 1 1/16 to 125 
5/16, Bell Atlantic fell % to 84, and 
Exxon fell 214 to.64 1 1/16.. 

i nflati on- That sent bonds and stocks 
tumbling and raised concern that 
global investors selling U.S. assets 
would sell dollars as well. 

The dollar extended its loss after 
the German newspaper Handelsblatt 
said it would report in Thursday’s 
editions that a majority of Bundes- j 
bank council members were pre- 
pared to raise interest rates as early 
as Thursday. ! 

“Until we bear differently from 
the Bundesbank, the report leaves a 
mystique in the marketplace abopt a 
rate rise,” said Domeoick Presa, 
chief currency trader at Dresdner 

“That adds to what happened 
after Greenspan’s comments. A lot 
of people bought marks today. ’ ’ ; 

The dollar was at 1.7488 
Deutsche marks in 4 P.M. trading, 
down from 1.7577 DM on Tuesday, 
and at 121.10 yen, down from 
122.55 yen. ; 

It also was at 1 .4430 Swiss francs, 
down from 1.4485 francs, and at 
5.8754 French francs, down from 
5.9060 francs. But the pound 
slipped to $1.6220 from $1.6225. 

“Greenspan’ s comments are hav- 
ing a negative effect on toe dollar.” 
said Stephen Gallagher, an econ- 
omist at Societe Generate. "Tbpe 
are global flows out of the dollar.” 

While most traders don’t see' an _ 
imminent move by tire Bundesbank 
to raise interest rates, many said they 
expected an increase by toe end of 
toe year. (Bloomberg, AFP) + : 

% \(| ( *I » 



* ><*-: --4B 

!" ■V- 1 * 



Wednesday's 4 P.M. Close “ 

The 300mos» haded stocks of foefty, gg 

op to the dosing on Wall StreeL 

The Assoamd Press. S5S 

son n» um um cm* indexes 

Mast Actives 

Oct. 8, 1997 


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IndasMofc 1146J3 113167 114&82 
Tramp: 703.19 69026 70106 

UUWK 209.13 20008 209.13 

Finance 11(104 1(&a 11604 

SP500 983.12 97155 98112 

5P100 946^3 93444 94637 

61417 IM in* 

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5X00 bu ittwovceSi per bustwl 
Dec 97 2*5 27716 282ft +3 201186 

Mar9l 293ft 28Sft 291 ft +3 69,106 

Mai-98 299 291ft 297ft +3 18472 

-M*B 302 295 300ft +2ft 30M6 

Sep *8 292 286ft 291 +114 2J42 

Dec 98 290 284 288ft -1ft 19449 

M99 300 2*5 300 +214 148 

E*L eelei NJk. Ten We 120854 
Tows open Int 344234 up 4448 



Ho* 97 7340 7125 7155 -100 17.711 

MM 7640 7X25 7S4S -105 11.383 

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Jun 98 95.16 95.07 9507 -006 9&S07 

FF5O0JKO -at * Of WOpct SqiM 9544 95.16 95.16 —OOi 42416 

Dec 97 101)44 100JO 10008 -006 15X182 Dec 98 9544 95.15 9115 -0.05 50349 

MorW 99.72 *940 9900-00* 6687 Mar** 95.13 9504 9505 -0.03 2t512 

j?” "■ 12_IU>4 0 Eat Btflas: 90.740. Pnv.iatau 129,728 

Eat sties: 10Z54S. 

Open tnt:15A86* off Mil. 

Plwv.openlnL: 4434M up 16.923 



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Oct 97 71940 71150 Z17.90 +2-50 9J3D 

Dec 97 71550 30*00 71400 +Z20 41480 

Jan IB 2163X3 208330 71X00 +300 1&436 

Mar*8 211X0 20650 71040 +190 16225 


174IJ7 1228X34 17410k 
1407.10 1396X34 1407.04 
1*6086 1*903* \VDSl 
1B8632 T 85232 116197 


44447 IPft 



MS 34ft 

S0*S 80*4 
21W 27ft 
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97W 100ft 
32W IS*. 
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Mo*9B 210X10 JO650 20*40 +4.10 15960 
JM98 212X30 208X30 21050 +2J0 %4Sf 
EiLaMeeKA. Tun iato 31114 
Ttos open HIlASaeff 223 

Oct 97 32U0 332^0 352.90 +1-90 146 

N0»97 33180 +1X30 1 

Dec 97 336X30 33140 33530 +2X30 96^*0 

Hi* 335-50 +2X30 OJ83 

Apr 98 339X30 33750 338-10 +100 5924 

Jun *8 340J0 339X30 339.90 +100 9,942 

» ** 341 JO +100 4664 

*8 34340 +2X10 484 

»■ 34580 34450 34&40 +100 8U97 

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DecJV 11112 11145 11153 -022 124.784 
Mar98 11180 11155 11148 -0J7 1A3* 

Jun 98 ILT. NX 112^8 —022 13A128 

EMeetae; 79.508. Piev.aMeK 110298 
PlBV.OpBilnt; 126128 up 19*5 


OtJ97 9438 8436 84X6 -0X31 24545 

New 97 9437 8433 8434 -002 31882 

Dec 97 9425 8417 8418 -0X36 9M3 

EeLaolee 12,384 Tue* eotaLUi 
Ton apwi U 7U456, up 138 



50000 ■&- cent* per lh. 

Dee 97 7157 71-21 TUB +019 50255 

Mew 98 72.95 72A8 7230 *020 14506 

Mo* 88 7X75 7X50 7X43 +0.18 7.862 

Jl4 98 7435 7430 7440 +0.17 7.063 

DU 98 75.65 7X30 7530 +023 769 

EsL sates NA Tun sUee 10242 
Tubs open M 80200 off 46 

40000 b*-cMiti perB 

0097 2402 2175 2X81 -015 2478 

Doc 97 2442 24X36 2415 -Oil 54585 

Jan9B 2455 2426 2438 -OXB 19^95 

Mar 98 24J3 2448 2459 +0.19 11409 

MCT9B 2483 2458 2472 +002 4809 

JU98 2492 2465 2487 +007 7314 

Ert. tales ha. Um soles 3X974 
Tun Open H H33L420 19 395 

72103 71638 71830 

Daw Jones Bond 

VUSB* V* ft W .ft 

4MM WH 96ft. 97W .ft 

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10453 10454 

102X14 1 02X14 

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No* 97 <70 6571* 44711 +3W 97450 

Jon 98 47216 66 OW 67DM +4U 34238 

Mar 98 680 667W 677 +3W 14723 

Mor9t 60S 675 68316 ♦» 14104 

-MW 690W 680U 68716 +1M 1X335 

EsL safes N J*. Ton toes 96407 

Tbnwmrt 180236, up X231 

25X300 bs, anti per Bl 
OU 97 8430 9X00 9X00 
No* 97 9490 9X75 9X75 

Doc 97 BL90 8415 8425 
Jan 98 8X20 8455 94SS 

***« 8475 

Mer98 9SJ0 95X30 95X30 
A»r98 8475 

Mar98 9SJ0 8475 9475 
Jan 98 9450 

EsL sue* N A Tun eatei 5*420 
Tun open H 5U5tt off 65 

-070 U729 

-065 X450 

-060 27.848 
-040 1067 

-080 1.122 
-055 SAO 
-040 1X3(71 

-080 Z54J 
-090 966 

Trading Activity 


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% V 


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Dec 97 368 36116 362ft -3 44478 

Mar *« 380 374W 37SV6 -3*6 26623 

Me*98 388 3K 383*6 -2ft S271 

Ju)98 390 384ft 386U -2ft 11786 

Eat sola KA. Tun vto 32^44 

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OU97 519X30 SI MO 519.00 

No* 97 521-33 

Dec 97 53X00 51450 52X00 
Jm98 52440 

M»98 538X30 527X30 539.10 
Mo*98 537X30 52X10 53X10 
Jiri98 53X20 

Sep 98 538-40 

6*L Kkn N JL Ton onto 0744 
Tun apM tat 104480 up 646 

si wnoitpts at 100 pa. 

Od 97 9428 9424 8425 

HW97 8427 9422 8422 
Dee 97 9416 8418 8419 

MorW 9426 9412 8413 
Jun 98 9421 8405 8406 

Sep J* 8416 8189 9400 
Dec 98 9406 9189 9X91 

Mar 99 9405 9187 8X89 

Jun 99 8400 9X83 9386 

Sep 99 9X96 9X79 9X80 

Dee 99 9189 9X72 9173 

Mar 00 9X0 9X72 9X73 

Erf. *ato 9349B Tubs sales 338. 
Tun open W X79X36& eff 9,132 

-OXB 25215 
-0X34 1X034 
■0.11 444357 
-0.13 31490 
■0.13 261.231 
-0.12 234498 
-aia 151421 
-0.13 12L34B 
-X13 9X185 
-0-13 84X154 
■0.13 7058* 


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No* 97 4070 59.40 6X16 +0-56 47498 

Dec 97 61 JO 60.50 61-26 +0J6 36193 

Jt»W 4X10 61.05 61 J6 +056 22.105 

FAN OSD 61 XU 6186 +051 11,166 

MorW 61.10 60 JO 60-84 +016 7.980 

torW 59X15 5X30 5886 +0J1 &083 

Morn 57 J6 57 JO S7J6 +051 1350 

EsL rales NJL Tun nto 2404 

Tun open Ml 14421 A off 719 


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No* 97 2X34 21J7 22.18 +022 8M49 

Dec 97 2X30 2U7 2X13 +0.18 0818 

Jan 98 2X15 2145 2187 +0.16 4X397 

FrfiW 21.90 21 -SO 2176 +0.13 25808 

MorW 2188 21J4 2TJ7 +0.11 14J90 

AprW 21A7 2172 2180 +X10 11.214 

Erf. idee NA. Tun nto 1(37,979 
TUn Open M 437.7B& up 180 


62803 poumH s per pound 

Dee W 14198 18120 18168+aoooe 29865 

MmW 18130 18060 18106 4X0(312 248 

JunW 180444X0012 27 

&».iuto 5874 TWsvdos 9.396 

Tun open H 29.74ft UP 332 

50 Ira* dotes per I 

Mtrav (k+ dollars per trap a. 

Oct *7 437X30 429X30 4X5.00 +780 

Market Sates 

56X06 67414 

41-65 5880 

700.15 77730 



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OU97 6680 6477 4457 +025 1030 

Dec 97 6680 66J2 6687 +025 43811 

FebW 4037 6492 S9J2 +G17 1X672 

Apr* 7285 72.10 7X30 +015 11814 

Jun 98 085 69X15 69JS +0.17 8X344 

tog 98 49X30 68*2 68AS +0.10 XIW- 

Estniei 11882 Tun sato 24436 
TWs open W 9&8SX up LS24 

Jan ft 437X30 <29X30 436X10 +BJ0 

AprW 42980 43580 429J0 +9.10 

JrfW 42150 +9.10 

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TUnapan to 1X577, aft 221 


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JanW .7388 7364 736C -0X3002 506 

Eat srfas 4384 Tun sdso 12849 
Ton open M 5X958. up 2142 


10X300 wei tsfcrx Swim bhi 
No* 97 2960 2840 2.930 +0X343 5X190 

Dec 97 3JH0 2.940 1010 +0.029 34866 

*3H98 3X320 two 1985 +0X00 27,713 

PrflW 2J10 1630 2875 +0X125 19J1S 

MorW 2890 1430 2865 +0X120 1X904 

AprW 2-275 1235 2J70 +0X230 &168 

Erf. srfas NA Tun Mies M7I2 
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Q .17 11-3 
Q .23 11-28 
M X1782 10-16 
M -07 10-16 
0 .17 10-31 

a 5SU-10 
m xma ic -16 


50J300 Oft- cents per ft. 

Da 97 7670 7633 7627 4L12 X572 

No* 97 77.12 7680 7680 unctl. 65S0 

JanW 78.10 7785 77 JO -4LQ5 X836 

MOT’S 77 JC 7735 7782 Midi XI39 

AprW 7125 7780 7752 -007 796 

Mayw 7880 7880 7875 undi 735 

&t sates 2861 Tun sola &T74 
Tun open n 17809, Ml *17 

Doran per awMcian 
Spat 161955 16201* 

WWN 1 63600 1636V* 

cepptrQrttades oflefeGrais 

Spat 206600 2067X30 
FarWMd 20*400 2095X30 

WTWwd 603X30 60400 


1 75XWJ marts, s par anli 
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MraW 8780 8737 8773+00036 X39fi 
■NTnW J8D1+OOOZ7 2816 

Erf Mhe M891TVm softs 3X503 
Tun open M 67J9X op 281 1 

Spot 6580X30 6SB5L00 
Husrard 66aoxia msm 



Oecg -8173 8330+0X091 87,176 

H5 -MO 8427 8441 + 0X092 540 

J*™ 98 8564+0X093 143 

Erf sates 2* WO Urn soles 1&301 
TUn open M 88188 up 5689 

4X000 grf ends per grf 
No* 97 61.90 603 o 6180 +089 

Dec 97 6175 60.05 4186 +088 

JanW 6176 60.10 6184 +065 

WH8 6185 6135 6171 +067 

MdrW 6X16 6185 6116 +872 

AprW 6481 4450 6461 +072 

MorW 6471 6270 6431 +061 

-KmW 6384 +072 

Erf soto N A TUn Sato 2X01 5 
Tun open M 96851 ep 556 


8UXD Im.- cent! par ft. 

Od77 6875 6005 68.15 4L5B 4974 

Dec 97 6X90 61.97 62JM JU2 10282 

MW 6X32 6140 61^5 -080 447k 

Ap-98 59 JO 5875 5880 047 1124 

Junn 65X30 6405 6467 4.10 LCD 

Erf sates 6845 Ttan sate 7842 
Tun open M 3489X up 592 

5*80 8730X0 
5750X10 5760X30 
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1296X0 1297X30 
1306X0 1307X0 


1 25.000 fronci Spsrftunc 

EJ?2 -25! -SK 1+0X3016 4X4ii 

Mor98 7060 7QQ5 70SO+0X018 1,452 

*»» 7117+0X018 263 

EsL Mies VZ321 Ton safes 17,379 
Tun open Ira 44422, op 1015 


)&£ a ^iF!!. a !2! e *>» 

Od97 18425 183X0 185J0 +1X0 1SX15 

No* 97 18775 18450 187X0 +050 31826 

Dec 97 I88J0 18425 IsaXS +075 11004 

JanW 18975 18750 18950 +475 14733 

Febw 18825 18875 38975 +075 7*462 

MlffW 186J1 19650 186X0 +073 S128 

Ap«W N.T. N.T. 18275 +075 X421 

Erf safe*: 20X00. Pm. safes 34777 
Pm. open 101:109X86 off 650 

KlgN Law Ouse Oiga Opftr 

SWBM8 is Mi fund* 

ei ra a nll il *: R-quartaHn r n e rf a mi at 


fUMOftb- onto per Ift 

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Mar 98 6273 6X00 6X10 -050 636 

Moyn 64.17 ELM 6120 JU2 134 

Erf sales 1X65 Tun safe* 1X77 

Ton open Int 6962. up 61 

U5TBILL5 (CM^S ar7Cl *^ . 


Dec 57 95.11 95.05 95X6 -0X4 &2T6 

MwW 95.10 95X8 9SX8 ^)X8 3XS9 

•ACT 98 95X3 -0.10 IS* 

Erf ados 2M Tun sah*54Z 
1UnapSDlnlU34aff6B . 

M ift 

m e,\ 

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lift nw -ft 

£ 55 

R1 W m 2 -ft 

i» » w n -M 

un sift jpft n -vs 

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ft 1*H MVi m -ft 

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M 1A M 1ft 

^ n 

325 17A 16ft lift -W 

in m in w 


s *a t * tis 

413 17W 17ft 17ft -ft 

281 IW 8W BN +ft 

lfk Ift 17ft 18W -ft 

hsS ft w w Jk 

Stack Tobies Expiomed 

SMb flgms ora inoBUrfYnirl^s and ions nSocttOe pmious S weeks pfi* the cuimtf 
•wfc b ohnll rab 8e M>ntaB d8r.WhraoBapeordodeawtftnJ8niaurfnstB25 p ercen h» usee 
tasbern poutfwjroi* b#t*nr range mi Mdend ow shown SarOse am rfodo onJjr. Uiftw 
ofte n afa c noted rateanrtaftendsuraraMii nl i flBra HBntods Iraeed an fee inferf ripriii i ndi »i 
a - dvidend alto atra W. b - cnmnri rate of iMdend pbs stock ifiridemL c ■ liquidating 
tirttoxi. cc- PE aceecto 99xld -am«j. 4 - new party •»- * - *o** talheMt 1 2 months. 
• - dividend dedaicd v pad in pncHBip 12 morfhs. f - amuaJ raft increased od last 
dedonriran- 9 ^ - iflsUand in Conodion funds- suofad to 15% non-fesld«ce fax. i^ - dMdtod 
dedomt oflvsp&up ardocfcdMdead.| - dMdrnd paid Ifab mGamitled defetred or no 
ocfwi Wken or West dMdend meethm. k - dMdend dsdarad or paid ms year, an 
acnmnilafte hsuawWi <fi«idendt a arreoa. a -snud rate, reduced on tat dodoralfon. 

n - um issue in Hn past Q fetota. The Mah-tow range begin wHi lift stal oMiwSnB. 

nd - ned tloydrfhreiT. p - irutial (HrWenrfxninicl rate unknnm. P/E - prloo-eornrafis nrite. 
q -dosedend maiadfuDd. r-tfvfdwid dadtandorpaid (n praceding 12manttu. plus stock 
(Setdend. s - rfock spflLDMdeRd begito wtfli dole of spiR. its -soles, t • dMdend paid in 

stock in pRcedho 12 moattu estfenrfed cosh whra an es-dMdend oiowflrfiEwSon dale, 
o-newyeortyhlgh. v-tiwfins hoBed.v|-in benkreptay orfocetradiip orbefno reoipaoUed 
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wl - when Issued/ m - srflti wanonts. x - «-dMdead or ex-righti. *Es - es-dfaMbalan. 

3M-wiltiai)t iinmmlL*-e>-Mdefltf and soles mfiriL iW-yUdr-iolu in fud 


ip metric lens- S per tan 
Dec *7 1739 1704 1706 -19 

MorW 1770 1735 1737 -18 

Mm W 1788 1751 ITS' -IS 

A8W 17*7 1771 1773 -18 

*■* *8 1800 1789 1789 -13 

Dac W 1820 1805 1805 -IB 

Erf ral«*U01 Ten srfes 12A15 
Tun upon felt 11 W 1 B, op 2 AM 

SI aarao pffn- pis L64ths arm pet 
□*97 mis 107-28 107-3J -40 234021 

Erfsrfet MA. Tun safes 27,969 
Ttofe open M S4494. eff 1X39 



saoM pews, S per peso 

Dec 97 J 261(3 J2S33 .12560^00191 2S245 

MvW .12180 .12125 .12142 -X0191 9.9)6 

Jen 98 .11820 .11760 .11780-32)191 1120 

&Lwte 5500 Tun Mto A010 

Tun open (rd 39X3a op LQS7 


£504000 -pbeflNpd 
Dec 97 9158 9354 9254 -054 125X83 

tojj 9256 9250 9250 —0.05 104834 

JunW 92JB 9251 9251 —046 y yfLtfi 

. StpW 92X9 9253 9163 — 006 &%1M 

Dec 98 92X4 7X76 9X76 Zoxg 59534 

Mar 99 93U03 9193 9293 -410 545M 

JunW 9X20 93X39 93X9 — 0.11 34587 

Erf*** Wm- Pm. safe® 81,194 
Pmopmint: 621540 off 1973 


U5. da naiper braret - Ms of 1X00 berets 
No«97 71X30 2055 2082 +0.13 SZX92 

2095 2046 2080 +017 48,973 J 
AWB 2M4 2058 2058 +0.17 31177 5 

f«W8 nu 20M 10 a +014 1ZB36 

MorW 2045 2013 2034 +014 5544 

AprW 2022 19X7 2017 +015 1641 

Erf sofas: 6X250. Pro*, safes : 48,1 71 

Plrav. am lot: t«J5B off 164 

H8»- pb 8. junto allOO pd 
OeeW m-M UM9 110-13 - *600018 

Marw 111-43 110X0 1 10-03 -SB M594 
Jun98 I09-Z7 - -29 42 

Erf srfB NJL TUnxota 54031 
Ton open M 41A4Bftaff 2X57 


37500 feo- crob per Hl 
pee 97 17050 1414» 167X0 +48S 
JtarW 155X30 14775 151X0 +340 
MorW 1«J» 144X10 14675 +1Z 
*496 14173 138X0 14175 +150 

£*P 9* 137570 137X30 T37XD +373 
Erf tries 6403 Tun safes 9527 
um open 024066, Off 413 



Dec ?7 117-24 115-8 115-29 -1 17 09£64 

MorW I1M4 115-13 115-1* -1 IS 58,157 

JunW 115X7 -118 6.786 

£^« 114-29 -118 L9S6 

Erf Sdee NJL Dm wdes 36X577 
Tunepen W 75U» up X203 


hS % 9L50 9630 9630 wSdi 

Dec 97 96ft 9641 96X2 -SS Jill 00 
MBr» «a 96.18 96.18 -0X0 MUW 
*MW K.97 95.93 9593 -4X0 25&309 
SapW W79 9S74 9575 -0X3 19X237 
Dec 98 9540 95X4 9555 tSSx 

Mar 99 9544 95J9 9SJ9 HoX4 177JT8 

*1099 9S70 9SL25 95L26 -OJU MB 

Sup » 9S.18 9&13 95. U -004 fu?4 

Erf koto- 1 46^93. Pnrr. safes: 16X511 
Pree.apMUx U92402 up «4a 

Stock indexes 


500 8 fades 

99 W-2S 97450 9ST75 -A3S 189420 - 

iwao 9K30 992X30 -8.10 3J95 '- 

XmW 100370100X20 10EUD -740 90S 

&L safes NA Tun sale* 5&411 N 

TUn open laM«416& up 2100 **- 


CU per fads paU 

2*2 5““ 539911 _8Sil 7i3u 

Iftrw 5497X3 5461X3 53488 -B7JJ L968 

Erf arte* 1L781. Rev. safes: 10665 
Pie*, open Urf; 74236 up 1478 


FF200 per fade* pcW 

212 DOIZjO 3088X1 -43X) 31464 

tor W 3096X) 3056.0 3Q3L0 -4X0 7449 
Dec 97 31064 30420 304X5 —415 16,926 
Erf safes: 15059. 

Open Hj 00461 aft 239. 


MOOOO - Bfe L3bds at 100 pd 
2*2 IS 1 ’ 119-19 -1-01 19740 
Mir 98 120-15 120-14 119.18 —1410 1442 

M. rate in.748. Pmcsate 87ft9 
Prev opon N_- 199X170 up 2X392 

DM2SUO0- abut TOO pd 
Dec 97 10374 10122 10X29 —032 315891 
MtfW NQJO 10JJ7 102J2 -4U2 .9475 
Erf**** 20X460. Pm soles: 22X093 
Pre*.apente 324,966 up 4039 


112400 te- Gtes per Bi. 

MorW 11.91 1172 11.90 +411 91.536 

MorW IIJM 1175 11.90 +4XB 22479 

Jut 98 1177 1143 1177 +048 17740 

OetW 1175 1142 1175 +0.09 14632 

Es. sates 16*423 Tunsatfes 1342 
7W» open W 149,948, off LKM 

FPSmBBw- ptsadOOud 

Dac 97 9645 96« 9643 Undl + SW 

Mor« 96J W.19 9&20 UrS ^ 

JunW 95.96 9594 9595 Unde 27717 

SepW 9578 9575 9574 -oSl jo+S 

DecW 9562 95J9 *559-001 25713 

Erf rate 434S6, 

Open Mf2M4fS up 1459. 

Commoffity Indexes 


ITL1 raWan-ptseflOOpd 

Dec 97 9346 9374 93JQ _oj» imu* 

MorW 9468 9457 9462 lo^ IMW 





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PAGE 15 

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2 Telecoms 
See a Net 
In the Old 
Wall Plug 


LONDON — Northern Tele- 
com Lid. of Canada and Nor- 
wcd Communications Ltd. of 
oniam unveiled new technol- 
oey Wednesday that will allow 
reliable, low-cost, high-speed 
access io the Internet computer 
network, through the domestic 
electricity grid. 

In a move heralding the first 
competition between electricity 
companies and telecommuni- 
cations carriers, the two compa- 
nies said their patented tech- 
nology would allow power 
firms to convert their infra- 
structures into information ac- 
cess networks. 

Having “fixed the fuzz” of 
electrical interference on power 
lines, the companies said they 
could shunt data — and pos- 
sibly voice — over power Lines 
into the home at up to l megabit 
per second. This is up to 10 
times faster than ISDN, the fast- 
est currently available speed for 
domestic users. 

Although slower than ADSL 
technology being developed by 
British Telecommunications 
PLC, Norweb and Nortel’s tech- 
nology is cheaper to install. 

Consumers would need the 
equipment developed by Nortel 
and Norweb — an extra card for 
personal computers, some soft- 
ware to handle subscription, se- 
curity and authentication ser- 
vices and a small box that is 
installed next to the electricity 
meter. This will send and re- 
ceive data and is in mm linked 
to a personal computer through 
an ordinary coaxial cable. 

Peter Dudley, vice president 
of Nortel, said the groups had 
had an “absolutely spectacu- 
lar” amount of interest from 
electricity companies in Britain 
and abroad who are keen to 
offer the service to consumers. 

Norweb hopes to attract 
around 200 customers in a mar- 
keting pilot in England in the 
second quarter of 1998. 

Thomson-CSF Issues a Profit Warning 

— Thomson-CSF, which 
may hear a government decision on 
its privatization as early as next 
week said Wednesday its net profit 
jumped 39 percent in the first half of 
the year. 

But the state-controlled defense- 
electronics company warned that 
tougher competition and continued 
defense cuts in Europe will put pres- 
sure on its future performance. 

It is this wider question of the 
fixture of die French and European 
defense industry that is causing the 
government problems in rWiHing 
how best to reduce its stake in 
Thomson-CSF while leaving it bet- 
ter equipped to cope with a rapidly 
changing sector. 

The maker of radar, missile-guid- 
ance and satellite technology gamed 
551 million francs ($93.4 million), 
up from 396 million francs a year 
earlier. Earnings for the year will 

rise “strongly” because of a 2.5 
billion-franc capital gain from last 
month’s sale of shares in SGS- 
Thomson, a semiconductor maker, 
tire company said. 

Earnings of European defense 
companies have shrunk in recent 
years amid declining orders from 
governments. Thomson-CSF said its 
European sales outside France ex- 
ceeded sales in its home market for 
the first time in its history. That is 
likely to add to the pressure cm the 

son-Csf with other French defense 

The company said in a statement 
that further reorganization efforts 
were “essential to the company’s 
competitiveness, in the face of in- 
tensifying in ternational competi- 

The six-months results were en- 
couraging after a turbulent 1 8 months 
during which the company was all 

but sold twice by the conservative 
government of Pnme Minister Alain 
Juppe, then was taken back halfway 
through the bidding process 3fier the 
Socialist government of Prime Min- 
ister Lionel Jospin came to power in 

Since then, the government has 
been trying to find a solution that 
would leave it as the largest share- 
holder while bringing in partners 
with complementary activities in the 
defense sector. 

A decision had been promised by 
the end of September, nut govern- 
ment and industry sources said this 
week that because of the complex 
issues involved, no announcement 
was expected before next week. 

(AFP, Bloomberg ) 

I Publisher’s Earnings Fall 

Hacbette Filip acchi Modi as SA, 
one of the world's biggest magazine 
publishers, said first-half earnings 

Norway Finds a Major Gas Field 

Bloomberg News 

OSLO — The government said 
Wednesday that a natural-g as dis- 
covery in waters off Norway’s coun- 
try’s northwestern coast could con- 
tain as much as 300 billion cubic 
meters (392 billion cubic yards) of 
gas, which would have been enough 
to meet all of Continental Europe’s 
needs last year. 

Drilling by Norsk Hydro A/S has 
confirmed that the field holds 100 
billion cubic meters that can be ex- 
tracted, it said, and further wok 
may confirm the full potential of 
300 billion cubic meters. 

If the field yields the full amount. 

Norway’s proven reserves would be 
increased by 20 percent When pro- 
duction starts, possibly as early as 
2005, the gas is likely to secure 
Norway's position as Europe’s 
largest exporter of natural gas. 

“Norway never ceases to amaze 
me, the potential is so vast,” said 
Howard Marshall, manager of oil 
and gas research with Robert Flem- 
ing Securities Ltd. in London. “It’s 
unfortunate that it's gas, but it’s only 
a matter of time before they hit a big 
oil field too.” 

Norway exports its gas mainl y to 
Germany, Britain, France, Italy and 
die Benelux countries. It opened a 

new pipeline to France about two 
months ago. 

The Norwegian government has 
been managing oil and gas devel- 
opment in the hopes of providing 
sustained supplies into the next cen- 
tury, rather than sprinting to develop 
as much potential oil-bearing land 
as possible, as many feel that Britain 
has done. As a result, and with the 
help of new technology, promising 
areas such as the Norwegian Sea are 
only now being opened to oil and 
gas extraction. 

Wendy Anderson, an energy ana- 
lyst at Lehman Brothers, called the 
find “significant.” 

SAir Group Snaps Up BA’s Catering Units 

Bloomberg News 

ZURICH — SAir Group, the op- 
erator of Swissair AG, said Wednes- 
day that its catering division had 
agreed to buy British Airways PLC’s 
catering units for £65 million 
($105.5 million) as part of an ex- 
pansion strategy. 

SAir said it expected the acqui- 
sition to be completed by year-end. 
British Airways is selling its carering 
operations at Heathrow airport and is 
awarding S Air’s Gate Gourmet unit 

a 10-year contract to cater for BA. 

The chief executive of SAir 
Group, Philippe Bruggisser, called 
the acquisition an “important stra- 
tegic move” that showed the com- 
pany’s commitment to “broadening 
hs activities and strengthening its 
travel-related business.” 

Gate Gourmet is part of SAir Re- 
lations, which agreed this year to 
boy U.K. -based European Rail Ca- 
tering. In March, SAir Relations, 
which posted sales of 2.6 billion 

Swiss francs ($1.8 billion) in 1996, 
also bought the Belgium-based 
Restobel/Restorai! carering group. 

SAir Group said in April that its 
1996 operating profit rose 100 mil- 
lion francs, to 344 million francs, 
because of acquisitions in the SAir 
Relations division. The airline group 
had been posting losses for several 
years. The acquisition includes BA's 
long-haul catering operations at 
Heathrow, which has 1,200 employ- 
ees, and its short-haul catering unit 

fell 6.9 percent and pm part of the 
blame on higher corporate taxes, 
Bloomberg News repented. 

The company, formed this year 
by the merger of the Lagardere SCA 
unit Hacbette with Fib pace hi Me- 
' dias, earned 182.4 million francs in 
the period. It did not give com- 
parable figures for the first six 
months of 1996, nor any details on 
its taxes. 

The publisher of Elle and Car & 
Driver magazines said it expected 
full-year earnings to be “slightly 
higher' * than lacr year. 

* ‘The second half looks more fa- 
vorable, even with threats of a new 
increase in paper prices.” it said. 

To comply with media-concen- 
tration laws in France, the company 
also said it had put its Parisian radio 
station Chante France up for sale. It is 
also considering selling shares in its 
Vortex unit, which runs the Skyrock 
radio network, on the market. 

On the Net 
In Germany 


FRANKFURT — Deutsche 
Bank AG said Wednesday it 
would begin a market rest of a 
“virtual shopping’ ’ project that 
the bank has been testing in- 
ternally since late last year. 

It would be the first test in 
Germany of consumer readi- 
ness to buy goods and services 
over the Internet using an elec- 
tronic form of currency, and 
some said it could be a welcome 
alternative to the country's still 
- restrictive shopping hours. 

In tile test, about 1,500 
Deutsche Bank customers are 
to be allowed to choose goods 
and services from about 35 sup- 
pliers of goods and services on 
the Internet, the worldwide 
computer network. 

Using software provided by 
the bank, customers will be able 
to open an “electronic purse” 
and use it to buy goods around 
the clock. Deutsche Bank said it 
had installed security proce- 
dures ro protect customers and 
the system against unauthorized 
use. It said the test phase would 
run through the end of January. 


Wednesday, Oct. 8 

— McnlntocsicwRncfa. 


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205 20* 20* 204* 

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37* 3725 3725 3675 
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Kuala Lumpur r owg at wr nfc * 

M alMSfHgF 470 A* 460 4* 

OetaMsGas 10 * urn 10.10 io 


RetorSwerW 7.15 

Rotimans PM 27* 

SlraeDortjr 7.M 

TektanAU 10* 

Tenaga VS 

IMd Enginecn 11 JO 

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AMevtWI 9* 

ASadDeroecq 499 

Aa08nWBkr 837 

AnocBrracfe SM 

Ban 8*9 

BAT bid 562 

Bar*Scn8aaJ 521 

BJucClrete 195 

SOCGom 17-13 

Baris 9.17 

BPB Ind 167 

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3470 3420 8420 

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775 725 750 725 

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nX 2075 2150 2rt0 
39S0 3600 3950 3825 

990 9100 9475 9^ 

8550 580 5475 5*0 

7*0 7650 2775 2775 

3700 3400 3425 2550 




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6710 26710 27*0 
W90 1900 1955 
59* <010 &090 

8560 8600 8760 
U50 4490 4630 
U30 1430 1475 
8360 8480 8590 

5990 <0* 6140 
9150 9220 9460 

4540 4625 <745 

4600 4660 4590 
2980 3005 3060 
80* 80* 8MD 
2990 3000 3085 

1205 1210 1225 
7150 71* 7650 
T7S5 1740 1795 
2640 24* 2720 
6550 6600 6560 

1365 1365 1395 

9650 9710 9900 
6445 4475 6495 
1280 1290 1300 

2975 2975 2990 

PSE Mac 194681 
Praviwse 192943 

12J5 13 12J5 

1125 15* 15* 
99 H)1 98* 

3 120 105 

70 70 70 

261 248 239 

195 405 410 

1* 141 141 

910 9» 895 

52* 53 52* 

410 4* 410 

Saha Mae 5267.14 
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71 JO a* 7330 
2245 22* 2155 
3480 3a* 39.90 
14.18 1420 1464 

40* ** 41* 
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136 119 3* 

32* 32* 3110 
39.90 40JO 60* 
152* 152.90 153* 
20.15 2D.1S 2040 


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CLF- Dexia Fren 
Credil Agrictrie 

Gen. Eon 



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1167 UK 11* 1111 
36430 239.90 243* 239.90 
1017 978 980 1006 

nr 79B 000 804 

415* *9 409.10 405* 

7S4 738 738 744 

458.90 439 439.70 454 

31970 309 312* 311* 

1099 1060 1071 1073 
3710 3564 3576 3&60 
360* 359.10 360 360.90 

363 35230 257.60 361* 
697 665 679 674 

792 795 802 

600 5B4 586 578 

1311 1311 1311 1311 
976 958 960 969 

796 760 7B0 790 

B60 875 9tM 

8.10 B 8 835 

6* 6.15 420 6* 

7* rt8 725 734 

401 404* 411* 

761 752 757 7<D 

646 43450 439.70 441* 
1263 1231 1231 1266 

2648 2331 2338 2427 

1269 1234 1238 1252 

372 350 361 370 

44650 4* 441.10 438.90 

292* 285* 28690 288.10 

sis m m m 

2850 2790 2809 ““ 

2200 2090 2100 

184* 17490 179* 182* 


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Hermes B 
IncenOve A 
Investor B 
M 0 D 0 B 
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Sparbaoten A 













f». | M iMlitor 

377. P0 

365 36410 





SGS Thomson 




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1685 15X5 1585 1585 
664 642 <47 <61 

695 676 681 695 

193* 187* 18880 190 

685 65S 664 679 

12640 122.10 12450 122* 
412 396 398.10 407* 

sao Paulo -xSEfSK 






ttooboncu ptd 
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> &S 

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7130 Z3 n 23M 
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139 SSS 31 

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887 8* 

iS9 587 
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3J8 328 

691 5* 

7.15 7.19 

7 37 7SB 
19.97 7039 
9.94 1006 

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107 2-91 

1057 10* 

285 281 


7.91 887 

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636 6$ 

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2* 2* 
5* 559 

9J4 986 
787 786 

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135 131 

715 frS? 

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642 sa 

6.92 6* 

988 9J9 
04B 384 

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248 2M 
587 583 

2J8 2* 

784 784 

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982 9* 

136 All 

1 36 2J? 

386 179 
AA5 48 
2083 201 
785 732 
487 454 

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6S7 687 

946 9* 

8» 4J9 
6J4 <88 

829 820 

4* AS 
465 441 

an 812 
622 S2B 
6J8 <J7 

342 387 

1909 X63i 
6 495 

785 782 

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Tl l W K " 

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OndaAso A 
Petal GocSk 
P etal A 

skcados Aso 

MrBTManaflCK 1551780 
Piwwuk 15431* 

16580 16120 16410 16010 
5025 «35 4910 47* 

7240 7010 7010 7100 

1749 ,1701 1702 1 710 

2S00D 26950 26950 27550 
4450 4325 4365 4425 

9135 B85D 8850 8070 

10660 10510 10560 10475 
6170 020 <050 6010 
■mih mtff> • armn nagn 
17490 167* 16810 17200 
2665 2610 2610 2640 

6335 6140 6180 6200 
8830 8525 8525 8650 

13160 12850 12900 12800 
1345 1323 1330 1315 
960 945 945 946 

S843 2770 2780 2810 
5073 4990 5075 4935 

15340 15010 15010 15070 
25100 26400 24*0 24900 
13450 13100 1 3258 13340 
1M» 11156 11190 11030 
6995 <710 095 <780 

Sid Nodanal 



Korea BPwr 





Samsung Elec 



11J0 12.10 
82080 Basnn 
59* 59* 
93* 95* 
1490 1749 

602.99 600* 
700* 72DJOO 
483JH 481* 

605.99 406* 
313* 31401 
19410 196* 

42* <L20 
1056 10* 

15440 15520 
1W.11 182520 
163* 166* 
370* 380* 
<240 42.95 
11-37 1145 
26X5 27 JTl 

Cegwita Mac <10* 
PrewBC 636J3 

B2000 75000 75000 76500 
6990 67M 6810 6990 

17800 16800 16800 17900 
6910 69* 6900 7500 

184* 175* 177* IBS* 
6680 4550 4600 £60 
317* 293* 297* 21700 
532* 492* <9200 53400 
£2000 40 600 406* 42600 
60* MDO0 602* 643* 
7150 69* 7090 721D 

4250* 386SX) 4030* 4200* 






Bramble* Ind. 

Cotas Myer 

Fasten Blew 
Goodman Rd 
a AustraBc 
Lend Lease 

Nal AustBonk 
Not MukrtHdp 
Potfflc Dimlop 
Pioneer InN 
Pub Broadcast 
Sf George B ink 





dang HwaBk 
China Devetamt 
Orina Stool 
Rref Bon* 
Fomaso Pteflc 
Hud Ron Bk 
Ml Comm Bk 
Nan Ya Plasflcs 
Sirin Kong Uta 
UW World Q*i 



As Nippon ^ 

Singapore s *™5U2«'SS 

Pmrioau 3701* 

Mto 45.95 
» „ 29 
39* 3945 
4640 4W 
1870 1B40 
3X70 33J5 
4Sto 4490 
4185 4185 
2)45 2119 
20H 19.9S 

m 45.10 

44 43JS 
3240 31* 
845 840 

71.15 » 

45* 4640 

29.15 29* 
39* 39ft 
46* 46* 
1819 IBM 
33* 3170 

45.15 45* 
*85 <195 
?1» 21V5 

» 20 * 
45* 44* 
4140 4316 

3105 27 

140 BK 

71.15 70.90 



143 1* 14450 

217 717 719* 

BJ0 26* 26J0 
«J0 31.10 31* 
125 125* 130 

42 42* 42* 
427 433 43b 

425 429 425 

260 261 261 
I* M2* 160* 
<25 627 625 

429 491 5* 

148 1* 152* 

131 132 135 

^ 1 sS 

Asia Poe Brew 5 

Cerates Poe SJO 

QtyDote 9* 

Crete Cwr*« 8J5 

DtaryFimnl* 055 

DBS ' 

DBS --- 

Fitaer&Neow 845 

Jori 5tnrieg)c ‘ 4* 


OS Union __ 

PuiMf Hdgs 570 
Sa u krntaig 6.10 
SM^ftniOn 1170 
StogLona 6* 
5iflS Press F 2290 
Sng Tech tad 160 
5toaTeteaa» 2* 
TtaleeBm#; 2* 
WBlndteMfll 1 
UUOSeaBkF 1070 
Wtog TalHdos 122 

Stockholm «£ 5S ln* 

AGAB 121* 117* JJ9 1» 

ABBA 112 1* 1«* 111 

AMiOORim 2S3* 251* 2g 

Astro A 135 127* TO 132 

AOs copra A 259* 255 257* 258* 

Antoftr™ S* 31» 319 320* 


5 5 494 

10 5.10 5.10 

S5 975 985 

55 845 6^5 

91 091 0.96 

35 IS* 14* 
38 3* 338 

30 8* 835 

U 334 120 

85 745 7* 

* 406 198 

» US S75 
|< IK IK 
n 4* 4* 

22 334 136 

65 950 9* 

M 425 635 

S5 570 5* 

35 5.90 5l95 

» 11* 1130 
35 6JS 630 
20 2130 22* 
65 24< 245 

16 237 241 

18 278 279 

IB 059 0.99 

» 1040 >030 
S 118 308 

Amriri Bonk 
Altai Cheni 
AstfU Glass 
» Tokyo MtSU 
Bk Yokohama 
Canon _ 
Dta fepp Prim 

Dot- 104 Kang 
Da two Bank 
Da No House 






hoct^urt Bk 


Hondo Motor 






Japan Tobocra 





Kawa Steel 


Brin Brewery 

Knt w B fd 








Malm Comm 
Matsu Elec Ind 
Mitsubishi Or 
MittuMshl Eet 


Mlsubshl IWcn 













































3900 3830 
ZOO 2230 
1710 1190 
1120 1090 
262 2SD 
464 453 
1800 1780 
<46 637 
613 60S 

2260 2210 

1110 10 m 

251 256 

45S 453 

18» 1790 
639 647 

6M 608 

'Cm '**"'' 1 km ■— - — -v- 3250 . 

■ 4300 j5u_4_? 5250 3100- -ju ~~JT 

1 4100 — r\jr~i 5000 • — : 

< 3900 — l — if — 4750 2800 t.-<F- — V — 

i 3700 -j/^ } mP^ - J 

t ^S'TT^aTo * 4250 M-'ml o? a~s o 

Source: Telekurs 

1997 if 1997 

S ' 5.305^60 

at’ i-' '. v ;: ^';iS517-^ •4543l...:." '»0#6 

: - '^eoa 


iDKrnaliona] Herehl Ttaunc 

High Low Oow Prw. 

688 663 <73 <64 

384 368 371* 371* 

342 327 330 335 

707 698 701 <99 

416 • 403 405 - ' 411 

283 770 282 269 

274 271 274 272 

262 7 5650 258 256* 

278 266* 270 273* 

239* 235 237 234* 

189* 186 186* 187 

95* 93 94 94* 

370 3* 360 364 

335 322 324* 330 

4 242 230* 238* 233 

7 193 IBB 192 194 

129* 127* 128 127 

778 268 273 274 

232* 227* 229* 227 

PnviMB 225430 

B48 B* 8.60 

I 11J7 1144 11-41 
i I £03 1 607 16X7 

I 427 446 437 

27* 2831 27J4 
; 17 JS 17* 17J6 
1170 1391 14.13 
I 6J5 6* 6* 

! 6J0 £72 6J0 

I £X S39 5JD 

1 187 2J9 2J6 

, 2J0 225 218 

12* 1226 1221 
, 3205 3239 XLS5 
I 1* 1^2 1-61 

i 21* 2121 21J1 

225 227 228 

6.92 6.96 6.94 

188 192 3* 

455 458 456 

185 Ml 187 

1 2021 2105 2105 

15! 145 840 

I <44 <44 <51 

8* 8253 8* 

1285 1105 1285 
4-48 4* 4* 

Stock Mnket tadac 825502 
Prarrtocs: 8221.2 

124 122 122 123 

96 94 94 94 

71 69 70 68* 

96 91* 93 94 

24* 23* 24.10 24 

fiS* 94 94* 94 

5150 53 S3 53 

100 98 98 98 

S3* 52 52 52* 

62 <0 60* 60* 
78 76* 77* 77 

142 138 141* 139 

3230 31* 31,90 31.90 
Q* 77 79 82* 

56 55 55 55 

Nlrtel 225: 17419J0 

1060 1070 HtSD 

<16 <19 <19 

3530 3610 3530 
727 730 

503 502 

899 902 897 

2210 2210 2250 
4* 490 477 

2970 29* 2940 

3460 3530 3490 
3000 2020 2010 

1850 I860 1850 

2570 3610 29W 
642 642 640 

1210 1220 1260 
533 546 533 

it* IT* iiw 
720 734 767 

535ta 5450a 5500a 
26* 2680 2670 

5500a 5510a 551 Oa 
21* 2200 2210 
4880 5110 4830 

1300 1310 1320 
4960 *00 4970 
1560 1560 1570 

1210 1230 1210 
1110 1130 1160 
4330 4360 4335 
14* 14* 13* 


6630 6640 6620 
409 499 412 

96*o 9750a 9710a 

Very briefly: 

• Federal Express Corp. will add 100 jobs at the Frankfurt 
airport, where the second-biggest U.S. express-package com- 
pany is building a European hub. 

• Dexia SA, the French-Belgian bank that was created by last 
year’s merger of .Credit Local de France SA and Credit 
Communal de Belgique SA, said its first-half profit rose 23 
percent, to 2.1 billion French francs ($3S6 million), as it 
increased loans to finance public-works contracts. 

• The European Commission plans to close its inquiry into 
subsidies for Credit Lyonnais SA, the ailing French bank, by 
the end of the yean the commission said Credit Lyonnais haa 
received roughly 100 billion francs in state aid, more than 
twice the 45 billion francs originally authorized by the EU two 
years ago. 

• Etectricite de France, the state-owned utility, said it would 
buy a 55 percent stake in Elektrocieplownia Krakow SA of 
Poland for $79.75 million. 

• SAP AG of Germany and Microsoft Corp. said they were 
collaborating closely and jointly demonstrated a piece of 
software designed to facilitate Internet commerce. 

• Russia's first deputy prime minister. Boris Nemtsov, said 
visa problems suffered by the American chief of Russia’s 
largest investment bank were due to rivalries between banks 
and would soon be settled. 

• Allianz AG announced plans to expand its asset-man- 
agement business with a fully owned investment-funds unit, 
marking its first direct step into traditional banking territory. 

• Arabsat, an Arab satellite operator, agreed to lease trans- 
mission time to France's TV5 channel to prepare “special 
programs that conform with Arab and Islamic codes of 

• Electrolux AB said it would close its freezer factory in 
Hungary as part of a restructuring plan. Bloomberg. Reuters, afx 

The Trib Index Press as of 3^X P.M. New York Dme. 

Jm. 1 . »992 = IOO. Lam Change % change year to dote 

% change 

World index 181 Jl -0.69 -0J8 +2157 

Regional Indexes 

Asa/Padbc 120.66 +1.17 +0.98 -2 24 

Europe 199.73 -0.84 -0.42 +23.90 

N. America 213.18 -1.79 -0.83 +31.67 

S. America 174.07 -2-37 -1.34 +62.91 

Industrial Indexes 

capita! goods 229.90 -1.16 -0-50 +34.51 

Consumer goods 199.76 -0.66 -0.33 +23.74 

Energy 211.26 -2.38 -1.11 +23.75 

Finance 135.08 -039 -031 +15.90 

MlsceSaneous 193.39 +1.15 +0.60 +19.54 

Raw Materials 190.48 +0.64 +0.34 +8.61 

Service 17133 -0.86 -0.50 +24.77 

UiMes 173.47 +036 +0.15 +20.92 

77» ktlarmbonel HoraU Tr&une wforto Stock Ibtta © racks the U.S. dollar values ot ' 

260 internationally inveemble stocks imm 25 countries. For more information, a trse \ 

booklet ts amBabteoy writing to The Tri b index. 181 Avenue Charles tie OeuBe, 

B25S1 NewBy Cede*. France. CHigMM by Bloomberg News I 

Mitsubishi Tr 

Mitsui Fudocn 

Mitsui Trust 





Nintendo 1 


Ntppon Stool 
Nissan Motor 

Naraura Sec 

im i 

NTT Data J 

Osaka Gas 

Rortn l 

5rawa Bank 
Sanyo Elec 
Sekbul Chare 
Sefcfaof House 

Seven- Eleven 

Shikoku El Per 




Shizuoka Bk 


Sony 1 

Sumitomo Bee 
Suita Metal 
Sum« Trod 
TDK 1 

Total Bank 
TiriJo Marine 
Tokyo Ef Per 
Tokyo Etodran 
Tokyo Gas 


Toppan Print 
Tayu Trust 
Toyota Motor 

HJgh Low 
1910 IB* 
958 940 

1590 1560 
5BS 570 
54» 5450 

1520 1 5* 

I960 19* 

5)6 506 

Magw Irril A 

Newbridge Nd 
hmxti Energy 
Niton Tdecooi 

Hlrfi Low dose 
19* 1945 19J&S 
lotto 99to 100.15 
*“20 12 1205 

25 2460 34.70 
95 89 89** 

2M 26* 26* 
3435 34* 34* 
155to 150W 150.70 
Uto 1U5 1165 













Ponam Peltai 
















Placer Dome 












1630 16* 1620 16* 
1110b 108* no* 109* 
605* 5940b 605* 592* 
590 573 575 579 

275 260 27! 275 

1840 1790 1810 1770 

14500 145* 14500 148* 
560 549 SSS 555 

4070 4020 4060 4000 

1510 14* 1500 1510 

383 375 37S 379 

B540 8450 B450 8430 

4900 47* 4900 4690 

826 799 B10 832 

1090 1070 1090 1000 

9m 9280 9410 9180 

10* 1050 1070 1070 

I860 IS* 1860 1860 

525 508 SOB 506 

3S90 35* 3SS0 3460 

19* 19* 1950 1980 

1290 1270 1270 7270 

5120 4760 51* 4760 

120* 118* 119* 118* 
881 855 857 865 

1850 1820 18* 1850 

425 419 <21 418 

18* 17* 17* 1760 

278 275 276 274 

1250 1220 12S0 1220 

32* 32* 3220 3140 

3670 36* 3670 35* 

113 * lino Iran iran 

1890 i860 1870 1860 
Ml 924 926 944 

1470 1450 1460 1460 

7250 2250 2250 
BZ20 0380 8130 
4 268 270 

-J8 529 529 

1050 1030 1040 1C00 
1680 1640 1660 1640 

7* 683 694 <83 

SK 583 597 599 

19* 1880 1910 1910 

9M 970 973 969 

3720 3670 3690 3640 

3100 3050 3070 3050 




Regere Court B 

Seagram Co 

store* A 


Tafaman Eny 





TarDom Bank 


TionsCda Pipe 




Weskxasl Eny 
»- - 

115 112% 
2300 23VS 
4840 4745 
2605 2605 
5230 52J0 
S3V5 52.15 
26K 254 

SJto Slto 
3835 2755 
35V. 34.10 
51.70 5035 
1930 19 

7735 76.90 
37>» 37 

830 ais 
2940 29.10 
107 106 


BoeNer-Uddeh 1064 
CiedtonsIPfd 673 

EAJSanuraS 3350 

BnT 1 600 

FhnhafenWlen 518 
OMV 1934 

Oest BeWrtr 925 
VA Staid 601 JO 

VATedl 2630.95 
Wlenerberg Bov 2610 

ATX totoc 144031 
Prerwm: VMtoM 

1050105750 1058 
662.95 673 667 

3190 3704 3305 

1540 1560 1572 

512 513 514 

law 1909 1925 

90330 91 830 90845 

593J0 600 m 

2557255850 2603 
2550 2566 2578 

Wellington NzsE^omiin:259iji 


Air N Zeofel B 405 103 405 405 

Bifartyirwt 138 137 1 J 7 os 

Carter Hot) ord 352 350 352 352 

grtrtgjBWfl 5.13 110 5.13 iio 

RetdlChEny 608 603 606 600 

HegaiFonl 1.94 -1.92 192 1.94 

FWdiOi Paper 123 121 122 124 

W 379 S 175 
Tgem mHZ 8.17 8.12 8.16 8,16 

WleonHorton 1135 1135 1135 1135 


Abnri Core. 
Alberto Energy 

Borri dcGoU 


Cdn Mart Raff 
Un Nat Res 



DuSS ltaluA 


Fa ilfax R nt 

Franco Kewr 

La e w en Group 

TSE tado drtahi 717457 
PrwbW: 720903 

2» 22to 2240 2214 

23 to 3105 33.45 3345 
■B0O 44.95 45.10 4500 

In’lS ’IS IS 55 17 - 10 
6050 5914 59JS <055 

6605 6545 6605 6605 
3350 32* 3195 3Z0D 
44to 4150 4120 4<H 
36 2» 3505 35* 

SS to 5414 
<145 4SM 
7<H 7355 
Q 42to 
-.15 3930 
<55 41 Vi 
U« 1150 
,31 3Bk> 
,3414 3405 
2620 25V4 

2540 2430 
379 37S 

25 2A60 
2314 2214 
3445 3314 

13 1170 


55 5405 
«« 41* 

7SW 73* 


3935 WIU 
£5 5 41i0 
32.95 33 

2U5 2555 
3090 31 

3445 34to 
_ 26 26.10 
252 2170 
,379 379 

2405 2470 
2200 2205 
3105 33 

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Seoul to Rescue Investment Banks 

Government Plans Loans for Firms Exposed to Kia’s Debt 

PAGE 17 

Investor’s Asia 

BUumherjf News 

SEOUL — The central bank said 
Wednesday ir would lend 1 trillion 
won (SI .09 billion) to struggling in- 
vestment banks, the first such bailout 
in the bank's history, because of a 
funding crisis caused by the collapse 
of Kia Group. 

The amount may not be enough to 
help companies that are exposed to a 
combined 3.9 trillion won of debt 
racked up by the automaker. That debt 
is a mixture of Loans and loan guar- 
antees in the form of commercial pa- 

Kia’s bankruptcy dealt a blow to 

the banks’ already wobbly finances. 
Their paid-in capital averages be- 
tween just 200 billion won and 400 
billion won, and many have already 
been stung by other bad loans in 
Korea caused by a slowing economy, 
and fixed -income investments in 
Southeast Asia that turned sour. 

Kim Hak Kyu, a central bank of- 
ficial, said the loans would be ex- 
tended next week to 19 investment 
banks, provided executives agreed to 
surrender management control and 
offer their equity holdings in affiliates 

and public companies as collateral. 
The one-year loans cany an 8 percent 
annual interest rate, weli below the 12 
percent benchmark lending rate. 

“It will be helpful to ease the short- 
age of their liquidity upon the pro- 
longed financial problems of Kia 
Group,” Mr. Kim said. 

The central bank will allocate the 
money in a meeting of its monetary 
operation commission next Thursday. 
Last week, 16 investment banks sub- 
mitted documents surrendering man- 
agement control. They were among 
19 chosen by the central bank because 
their bad loans exceeded 50 percent of 
their capital. 

Mr. Kim said the names of the 
banks would not be released. 

Last week, the central bank said it 
would inject money into local secu- 
rities firms for the first time. By aiding 
securities firms, the central bank 
aimed to indirectly help the invest- 
ment banks. 

Rising default risks on loans to 
Southeast Asian companies also 
rattled the operations of South Korean 
investment banks, together with tum- 
bling currencies in Thailand, Indone- 

sia, Malaysia and the Philippines. 

In the markets. South Korean stocks 
tumbled 3. 1 percent to a four-year low 
on concent that Moody’s Investors 
Service Inc. would cut the country’s 
debt rating, inflating borrowing costs. 

The ruling party’s accusation that 
Kim Dae Jung, an apposition party 
presidential candidate, laundered 
money through companies and 
amassed $74 million in secret funds 
compounded tike rout as five shares 
fell for every one that rose. 

"Foreigners are growing increas- 
ingly afraid of political risks and sov- 
ereign rating cuts,” said Lee Ju Ahn, a 
fund manager at Daehan Investment 

Asian Currencies Bolster a Market Rally 

A Cd^MbyOarSutfFmiDoiMiKkn 

V HONG KONG — Most Asian 
stock markets rallied Wednesday on 
better regional currency news and 
other factors, including successful 
new listings and a business-friendly 
policy speech in Hong Kong by its 
new leader. Tung Chee-hwa. 

Indonesian stocks rose after Fi- 
nance Minister Mar'ie Mohammad 
said the country would seek advice 
from the World Bank and the In- 
ternational Monetary Fund to help 
stem the slide in (he rupiah. 

“Indonesia is trying to restore 
investors' confidence,'' said Vivek 
Gandhi, who helps manage $1 bil- 
lion at Aberdeen Asset Management 
Ltd. in Singapore. “Although it wili 
jjf - take some time for them to decide 
* what to do, the market was trying to 
anticipate what's down the road in 
six months' time.” 

The Jakarta Stock Market Com- 
posite Index rose 4.99 points to 
518.94. PT Telkom, the domestic 
phone company that accounts for 18 
percent of the index, rose 75 rupiah 
to 3,625 rupiah, leading the gains. 

The dollar was quoted at 3.640 JO 
rupiah, down from 3,692.50 rupiah. 

Malaysia’s key stock index 
surged 4.1 percent on a pre-budget 
rally and was lifted by a recovery in 
the ringgit 

“The rally can also be attributed 
to players exporting some goodies 
such as incentives for export in the 
1998 budget” said Danny Ooi. an 
analyst with Inter-Pacific Securi- 
ties. The Kuala Lumpur Stock Ex- 

change's 100-share weighted com- 
posite index soared 33.15 points to 
end at 836.60. 

Foreign funds, however, were ex- 
pected to remain on the sidelines for 
the next few months, another analyst 
said, adding that it would probably 
be local investors supporting the 
market until then. 

Deputy Prime Minister Anwar 

Mahathir Whnts a Currency Market 

Agence Fnmce-Presse 

Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad of 
Malaysia called Wednesday for a 
single currency market to curb what 
he called manipulation and spec- 
ulation in the current system. 

Mr. Mahathir said ihe establish- 
ment of a specific market for cur- 
rency trading was vital to ensure 
transparency and eliminate abuses in 
the trading system. 

“We know that all trading has 
specific markets.' ' he was quoted as 
saying by the Beraama press 
agency. "There is a place to sell 

shares as well as commodities, there 
is a place to sell anything, and 
traders must be registered. But we 
find that in currency trading, there is 
no specific market, and we do noi 
know who is trading. ” 

The prime minister said the In- 
ternational Monetary Fund and the 
World Bank had given Malaysia a 
mandate to try to introduce 
“prudential regulations” for cur- 
rency trading. In response, he said, 
Malaysia will propose that a single 
currency market be established 
where “traders can register them- 
selves and get a seat number.” 

Ibrahim is scheduled to unveil the 
1998 budget in Malaysia’s Parlia- 
ment on Oct. 17. 

Singapore stocks rose for the first 
time in six days. Led by banks and 
property shares, as concern about 
the regional currency turmoil re- 
ceded after the ringgit rose for a 
second day. 

The Straits Times Industrial In- 
dex rose 1 .69 points to 1 882.03. 

“The rebound is a reaction to the 
more stable regional currencies,” 
said Chua Sue Wan, a hind manager 
at Yamaichi Capital Management, 
which manages more than 51 billion 
in assets. 

The dollar was trading at 3.1775 
ringgit, down from 3.2875. The 
ringgit’s gains lifted Singapore 
stocks because many Singapore 
companies, including banks, have 
operations in Malaysia and have 
sales in ringgit. 

Hong Kong’s Hang Seng Index 
was buffeted ahead of Mr. Tung’s 
policy speech, but the 33-stuck 
benchmark index finished higher, 
gaining 27.76 to end the trading 
session at 14,838.52. 

(AFP. Bloomberg) 

Trust Co. ‘They are basically selling 

The benchmark Korean Composite 
Index fell 19.59 points, to 610.44. 

Korea Electric Power Corp.. a 
state-owned company that accounts 
for 12 percent of trie benchmark stock 
index, fell 4.86 percent to 17,600, its 
lowest price in four years. 

A cut in South Korea’s sovereign- 
debt rating would drive upthe cost of 
servicing the company's $7 billion of 
foreign debt 

Papers Ponder 
Raising Prices 
bi Hong Kong 

Bloomberg, News 

HONG KONG — Pressed by 
newspaper vendors to help 
them increase their profits, the 
territory's newspapers said 
Wednesday they were consid- 
ering raising cover prices by as 
much as 40 percent. 

Coming less than two years 
after a round of price-cutting 
forced several papers to close, 
the increases also might help 
publishers lift their own profits. 

Newspaper stocks rose on re- 
ports that the publishers of 
Hong Kong's Chinese-lan- 
guage papers planned to meet 
soon to discuss whether to raise 
prices. The South China Morn- 
ing Post, the Chinese territory's 
largest English-language news- 
paper, said it also might raise its 
cover price. 

Publishers in much of Asia 
are being squeezed by rising 
newsprint costs caused by the 
region’s weakening currencies. 

6 ; ’'•‘''■air-*:- ■* wpv 'T ; . ■ 


urce : Telekurs 

International Herald Tribune 

Very brieflys 

• Coles Myer Ltd.’s second-half profit rose a larger- than - 
expected 34.8 percent, to 2 25.8 million Australian dollars 
($83.8 million), as the retailer cut back on discounting. 

• Telstra Corp-, the Australian government’s telecommu- 
nications company, will face a 24-hour strike Oct. 17, the 
Community and Public Sector Union said after union mem- 
bers rejected management's offer of a pay increase . 

• Seven Network Ltd-, an Australian television network, said 
its investment in Metro Goldwyn-Mayer Inc, a U.S. film 
studio, was worth 335.7 million dollars, or 20 percent of the 
network's total assets of 1.69 billion dollars. 

• Australia will remove restrictions on imports of compact 
disks to try to reduce prices that consumers pay for the 
recordings. Communications Minister Richard Alston said. 

• Jusco Co., Japan’s third-largest supermarket operator, said 
it would open Rooms to Go furniture stores in Japan under a 
licensing agreement with the U.S. retailer. 

• Central Japan Railway Co.’s shares rose 26,000 yen, or 
7.24 percent, to 385,000 yen ($3,148), in their trading debut on 
the Tokyo Stock Exchange. 

• Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Corp. will cut the price of 
local calls in half in December to try to undercut its rival. 
Tokyo Telecommunication Network Co. 

• KDD Co-, Japan’s largest international phone company, will 
begin offering phone service via the Internet in December. 

• China’s computer industry sold 1.4 million personal com- 
puters valued at more than 49 billion yuan ($5.89 billion) in the 
fust half of 1997. surpassing full-year sales for 1996 of slightly 
over 1 million units, the official China Daily reported. 

• Newcrest Mining Ltd. said it would keep its 1 1.8 percent 
stake in Normandy Mining Ltd. after a global offer for the 
unit's shares failed to bring a high enough price. 

• South Korea said U.S. beef inspectors had confirmed the 

discovery of bacteria in a shipment of beef from Nebraska, 
ending a feud over alleged contamination that had threatened 
to reduce U.S. beef exports to Seoul, its fouith-biggest market, 
with sales of $244 million last year. Bloomberg, afp 

Pact Is Reached on New Airport’s Fees 

I jKpInlln Oar Staff fnm> I>d/wi bn 

HONG KONG — The airport au- 
thority here and international airlines 
settled a yearlong dispute Wednesday 
over lees al the territory's new $20 bil- 
lion airpurl. 

The charges agreed upon are its much 
as 40 percent below what the authority 
originally sought but about 40 percent 
more than those at Hong Kong's over- 
crowded existing airport, Kai Tak, ac- 
cording to the airport authority, which 
will run the new facility. 

Clinton Leeks, the authority’s cor- 
porate development director, estimated 
that under the new fee scale, it would 
cost about S45.000 to land a Boeing 747 
canying about 400 passengers and to 
park it for four hours. 

At Kai Tak, he said, that would now 
cost about $32,000. 

The International Air Transport As- 
sociation and the airlines said the 
charges the airport had wanted to levy 
would have made it the world's third 
roost expensive airport. 

Representatives of the Aii Transport 
Association, who w».re negotiating lm 
the airlines, were not available for com- 
ment. But Gilbert Chow, vice chairman 
of the board of airline representatives 
and a senior executive of Northwest 
Airlines, described the new fees as 
“much improved.” They still represent 
“quite a substantial increase from Kai 
Tak.” he said, “but it is better than we 
had a few months ago. '* 

Lower fees would be good news for 

airlines, especially Cathay Pacific Air- 
ways Ltd., Hong Kong's biggest carrier, 
which is suffering from a decline in 
visitor 1 * to the territory. 

Chum N.ti tonal Aviation Co., which 
owns 43.4 percent of second ranked 
Honv! Kong Dragon Airlines Ltd. and 
lu> lust M»l«i 'hares publicly tor the first 
nine, also ,'ould Ifc-netiL 

Hong Kong’s new airport is the ter- 
ritory’s largest construction project. It is 
to have two runways, and its location on 
relatively remote reclaimed land around 
Chek Lap Kok island means flights will 
be able to land around the clock." Kai Tak 
has one runway and is in the heart of 
densely populated Kowloon, where 
noise restrictions mean a nighttime 
curfew on flights. (Bloomberg, Reuters ) 

Bre-X Inquiry 
Says Geologist 
iLed the Fraud 


TORONTO — Investiga- 
tors hired by Brc-X Minerals 
Lid. of Canada have con- 
cluded that its late chief geo- 
logist, Michael dc Guzman, 
orchestrated the world's 
biggesi-ever gold swindle 
deep in the jungles of Indone- 

The investigators' report, 
released Tuesday, said that 
Mr. de Guzman, who died in 
on apparent suicide shortly 
before the fraud was exposed, 
led a small group of Bre-X 

samples from the Busang 
mining site in Borneo over a 
four-year period. 

Brc-X hired Forensic In- 
A vcsiigative Associates Inc. to 
" examine the mining scandal 
last spring, when the 6 billion 
Canadian dollar tS4.37 bil- 
lion) stock-market darling 
was ruined after Busang was 
found to be a fraud. 

The investigators’ report 
absol ved the company ’s chief 
executive. David Walsh, and 
several other key players in 
the Busang debacle of any 
wrongdoing. But it said the 
role of John Felderhof, the 
firm's exploration chief, was 
“still an open question.” 

The investigators said they 
had “reasonable and prob- 
able grounds** to believe that 
Mr. de Guzman and a Bre-X 
employee. Cesar Puspos, had 
conspired with others "to de- 
} fraud Bre-X and the public in 
' Canada and elsewhere’’ 
through -a “deceitful” 
scheme of tampering with the 
Busang mineral samples. 



100 % Public Share in 
ETiBANK Bankacilik A.O. 
Will be Privatized 

Paid-up Capital 
Number of Branches 
Temporary Collateral 

TL 2.300.000.000.000 

USD 3.000.000 

1 . 100 % public share in Eubank Bankacilik AO. (ttanfcf shall be privatized, through, “block sale’ 
method, by the Privatization Administration, Prime Ministry, the Republic of Turkey (Administration). 

2. Tender shall be perforated by the bargaining method consisting of receiving the bids in dosed 
envelopes and negotiations afterwards. In case Tender Commission deems so necessary, the tender 
might be finalized by open auction method through participation of bidders with which bargaining 
negotiations are continued. 

3. Specifications for Tender and Promotion Document issued for the Bank subject to privatization 
may be obtained, against TL 75.000.000 (seventy Five millionl, from the address of the 
Administration stated below as from 15 October 1<*J7. Specifications for Tender and Promotions 
Document must be obtained in order to participate in the lender concerned. 

4. Bids shall be prepared m consideration with lemis and conditions stated in the specifications 
for Tender and I’romoiion Document, and submined to the address uf the Administration stared 
below not later than 3 November (097 by 17.01) hours. Bids which shall be delivered to the 
Administration after the latest date and time oi bidding will not be considered. 

5. Administration is not subject to the Law on State Tenders No. 2886, and it is free whether or 
not to execute the tender or to award the tender on any body it deems so or to extend the period 
granted for bidding. 




Hfitefln bhmi I'nip-Jiar Vfek No 2 i.ankira WWW ANKARA. T IRKEY Tet |Q03I2|44I IS 00 

New Protocole gold on gold 

SciilpKd and guillocM in IS cam yeOow 
or white gold, die Protocols on gold 
bracelet distinguishes itself by a choice 
or five different dials, k is available 
with a mechanical or electro n ic movement. 


PIAGET Boutiques : Geneva - Paris - Monaco - Barcelona - London - New York 
Hong Kong - Singapore - Kuala Lumpur and at the best jewellers throughout the world. 

Page is 


JAKARTA: Aid Request Brakes Rupiah 9 s Slide 

FRANCE: Mart in EU Oppose a 35-Hour Week 

Continued from Page I 

lion of the total; the rest is 
owed by the government 
With bank interest rates for 
corporate borrowers at about 
36 percent to support the rupi- 
ah and the counpy facing a 
sharp slowdown in economic 
growth, analysts said some 
creditors were refusing to roll 
over loans. 

Indonesian officials sought 
to play down the emergency 
nature of the assistance they 
were seeking. 

Finance Minister Mar'ie 
Muhammad, who announced 
the decision after a cabinet 
meeting, said Indonesia’s for- 
eign-exchange reserves re- 
mained at a safe level. 

“Nevertheless, in onto to 
safeguard the situation, the 
government is sounding out 
long-tom support fends from 
internatio nal insrinrtinnq in. 

eluding the IMF,” he said. 
“The government will con- 
tinue to make all efforts to 
avoid excessive exchange-rate 
volatility and depredation." 

KOREA: North Allows Flights 

Continued from Page 1 

spite fuel savings, ticket 
prices would not come down. 

* ‘This is very big, big polit- 
ical news, but it will not affect 
the feres of our airlines,’' he 

North and South Korea are 
still technically at war, since 
the 1950-53 conflict ended in 
the signing of a trace rather 
than a peace agreement 

Gary Dennison of die In- 
ternational Air Transport As- 
sociation said the airspace 
agreement would also have fee 
effect of relieving North 
Asia's congested airports, es- 
pecially in Japan, because 
Southeast Asian flights to the 
United States could fly non- 

“Skipping a stop in Japan 
would free up the spot far other 
users,” he said. “The direct 
flights would save time as well 

as free up equipment and crew 
to work on other routes.” 

A South Korean aviation 
official said Sights could be- 
gin using North Korean air- 
space as early as April, once 
the two countries can test air- 
traffic coordination systems. 

“The main obstacle in the 
talks was how to communicate 
for air-traffic control,” said 
Kwu Hyung Lee, a Sooth 
Korean Foreign Ministry 
spokesman. ‘Today North 
Korea agreed to use land- 
based telephone communica- 
tion instead of relying on 

The inter-Korean talks were 
held under the auspices of the 
International Civil Aviation 
Organization in Bangkok. 
Pyongyang’s embassy here, 
one efits most important in the 
region, is staffed by higher- 
ranking diplomats than its oth- 
er missions. 

Schroder Securities esti- 
mates that Indonesian compa- 
nies have $34 billion in debts 
(hat must be repaid within a 
year, compared with the 
country’s total foreign re- 
serves of $25 billion. 

Only about half of this 
short-term private debt has 
been hedged, according to 

Dennis de Tray, die World 
Bank’s chief representative in 
Indonesia, said that the gov- 
ernment had asked die bank 
and the Fund to assess the 
situation and help develop a 
package of reforms and fi- 
nancing to restore confi- 

“It’s a financial package, 
but it’s probably more im- 
portant in delivering a mes- 
sage of confidence than it is in 
actually providing financ- 
ing,” he told Reuters. “In- 
donesia is still quite well fin- 

A foreign-exchange sup- 
port fond for Indonesia would 
be in exchange for IMF su- 
pervision of its reform 
policies, as in Thailand, said 
Jimmy Koh, regional econo- 
mist at Independent Econom- 
ic Analysis (Holdings) Pte. 

Banking reform might be 
high on its list 

As a result of a deregu- 
lation program starting in the 
1980s, Indonesia has nearly 
240 banks. They have pro- 
liferated so fast under little 
official supervision, that 
many are in financial trouble 
and need to be liquidated or 
combined with stronger 
banks, analysts said. 

Continued from Page 1 

Dennis de Tray of the World Bank, who described the 
assistance package as “a message of confidence.’ 1 ! 

Soviet-type decision that is The case most frequently 
unacce ptable and would ere- cited by economists is when 
ate a lot of problems for in- Volkswagen of Germany, 
tinc try and the u n ions. M ' .faced with a slumping car 
During a French-Italian market in 1994, cut a deal 
summit meeting last week, . wife its onions to reduce the 
Mr. Prodi and Mr. Jospin, number of hours worked. But 
each keening a weather eye wages were also reduced 
on their domestic constituen- along with working time, and 
cies, agreed rim the reduction die company was able to ro- 
of working hours was in prin- strict the number of layoffs, 
dole a good idea. Equally, in the often-cited 

But at the Europe-wide case of the Netherlands, 
level, where plans are going where the . consumer elec- 
aheadfbr a special unemploy- ponies maker Philips ' and 
meat conference to take place other companies have intro- 
in Luxembourg next month, duced flexible working 
France appears fairly iso- hoars, pay is generally ad- 
Iflterf . justed accordingly so that 

According to a European . production costs are kept un- 
official who spoke on con- der controL . 
dition of anonymity, when J. .Paul Home, an ecorio- 
Employment Minister Mar- mist at 'the Paris office of in- 
line Aubry raised the 35-bour vestment bankers Smith 
workweek proposal during a — 

meeting with hex European c cv ? 
Union! on Mon- Some Ot r ram.CC S 

on their domestic constituen- 
cies, agreed that the reduction 
of working hours was in prin- 
ciple a good idea. 

But at the Europe-wide 
level, where plans are going 
ahead for a special unemploy- 
ment conference to take place 
in Luxembourg next month, 
France appears fairly iso- 

• ‘Indonesia is grossly over- 
banked,” Mr.. Koh said. 
“Back Indonesia, the central 
bank, has been frying to re- 
duce die number, and this 
may help hasten the pro- 

Mr. Mar’ie said that the 
government would continue 
to let the rupiah float freely 
and would strictly enforce 
previously announced spend- 
ing cuts. 

Analysts warned that the 
Indonesian market’s rally 
might be short-lived if 
Wednesday's statement were 

not followed up by more con- 
crete action. 

“Indonesia will continue 
to pursue prudent economic 
management,” Mr. Mar’ie 
said, “and will undertake 
structural adjustments needed 
to enhanrf! the efficiency; and 
competitiveness of the econ* 
omy in the face of global 

Meanwhile, he addbd, all 
government departments 
have been instructed to safe- 
guard stocks of essential 
commodities and ensure that 
prices are kept stable. 

traditionally " 

workweek “is certainly not a militant unions 

panacea or a universal rero- . - . . i * 

edy against unemployment,” r e m am skeptical. 

said Padraig Flynn, the Euro- — 77 ^ 

pean social affairs cotnmis- Barney, noted that a cut in the 
si oner in a recent interview, standard Continental Euro- 
‘Tf it were adopted as a gen- pean workweek, which is 39 
eral policy, it would create ’ to40 hours, would be positive 

difficulties for companies, in- 
creasing their costs.” 

Mr. Flynn noted that “re- 
ducing working hours can be 
useful only in very specific 
cases, and where there is 
agreement between compa- 
nies and. trade unions, and al- 
ways faking into account the 

consequences on compctit- that high labor cwts andajL 
ivenessV overly rigid labor mark# 

The case most frequently were the real reasons Franc- 
cited by economists is when appears unable to create new 
Volkswagen of Germany, jobs^ ■ 

faced with a. slumping car The view of both econo- 
maricet in 1994, cut a deal mists and political observers 
with its unions to reduce the in France is that at Friday s 
hours worked. But conference here, Mr. Jospin 
»re also reduced will have to backtrack on nti 
working time, and campaign promise. The signs* 
ny was able to re- are already there, since Mr- 
umber of layoffs. Jospin has recently denied hq 
, in the often-cited gave a firm pledge, saying 
the Netherlands, instead ir was merely 1 *q sug^ 

1 consumer elec- gestion.” • 

aker Philips ' and Mr. Jospin has also opened 
sanies have intro- the door to proposing a loose 
cxible working legislative framework that 
• is generally ad- would leave it to individual 
ordiugly so that companies and unions to ne-i 
costs are kept un- gotiate workweek reduc- 

Home, an econo- In addition, if the work-- 
Paris office of in- week were actually cut in 
bankers Smith France, it would most likely- 
be phased in over a long peri-' 
od of time, and might contair# 
if France S enough caveats to avoid caus-~ 
■1 ine damage to French in-! 

inally dustiy.' 

t unions On Tuesday, Mr. Jospin re- 

. . , leased a statement saying thar 

skeptical. every thing must be done “to 

— obtain the highest possible 

ed that a cut in the growth but also to find new 
‘nnrini.jital Euro- and bold solutions so it is 
reek, which is 39 richer in jobs.” 
would be positive But some of France’s tra- 
'ere accompanied ditionally militant unions re- 

Some of France’s 

only if it were accompanied ditionally militant unions ru- 
by- much more job flexibility main skeptical. Bernard 
smH higher productivity. Thibault, secretary-general of 

. Mr.’Horne said that a 35- the Communist-led CGT un- 
hour workweek on its own ion's rail workers, told 
would not create new em- French radio Wednesday that , 
ployment and would increase “a leftist government in itself A 

company costs “because is not necessarily a guarantee T 

where the working week is of significant improvement 
reduced, the workers would for labor." 
work more overtime at higher If the 35-hour workweek 

pay.'. He dismissed the idea idea were to go ahead, adding 
as “mainly a ploy by the un- more costs to companies . 
ions to strengthen their already saddled by some or 
power, enhance their earnings the world's highest corporate 
and obtain more vacation tax rates and onerous employ- 
time.” er contribution charges, some 

' Eric Chaney, a senior econ; companies might even make 
omist at Morgan Stanley’s good on threats to leave 
Paris office, stressed that “it France, 
is not possible to reduce the “I would go elsewhere.” 
working time without hurting said Noel Goulard, chairman 
French companies’ compet- of the auto components 
itiveness unless real wages maker Valeo. “If legislation 
are cut” were imposed making us un-' 

Jean.Gandois, chairman qf competitive ■ and within the » 
the French CNPF employers’ European Union there were y 


federation, has warned re- 

environments which, for fis-. 
cal. social or economic rea- 
sons. were more favorable 
for our company, we would, 
have an obligation to oup 
shareholders to go to those 
environments and leave the; 

A Ballesteros Nod 
To Qosterhuis 

colf Seve Ballesteros, hoping 
to be in Europe's next Ryder Cup as 
a player ana not the captain, said 
Wednesday that Peter Oosterhuis 
should take over for the 1 999 match 

in the United States. 

Ballesteros said that Oostertrais, 
an Englishman who was the Euro- 
pean No. 1 from 1971 to 1974anda 
member of six Ryder Cup teams, 
would be the ideal man. 

1 ‘Peter was a great player, played 
many times in the Ryder Cup and 
now, as a TV commentator, sees all 
the players week by week,” said 
Ballesteros. (Reuters) 


! Pip pen Is Sidelined 

basketball Scottie Pippen, the 
Chicago Bulls forward, had foot 
surgery and will miss the first two to 
three months of the NBA season. 

The Bulls said their star forward 
iiad an outpatient operation Mon- 
[ day in New York. Pippen hurt his 
1 left l oot last season in Game 5 of the 
I Eastern Conference finals. 

| In another development, the 
Hulls reportedly agreed a one-year 
contract with Dennis Rodman. The 
sports network ESPN said the con- 
tract would pay the forward $4 mil- 
lion, with incentives dial could 
raise his pay to $10 million. (AP) 

King Denies Cheating 

boxing Don king, the pro- 
moter. denied he had cheated any- 
one and testified that Mitch Green 
agreed to a relatively light purse for 
a 1986 bout with Mike Tyson be- 
i cause it was a career opportunity. 

■ Green is suing Tyson for $25 
| million for beating him up in a street 
> fight. He said King cheated him and 
! contributed to his losing a 1 0-round 
! decision to Tyson. 

King arranged for Green to fight 
i - \ son and receive a $30,000 purse, 
j Orceu said be felt cheated when he 
teamed that Tyson would get at least 
$650,000. He said his manager, Carl 
King, Don King's stepson, had not 
represented him properly. 

Green says he tried to back out, 
but officials ordered him to box or 

risk losing his license. (AP) 
* • « 

J Football Beats Basebail 

television American viewers 
picfer the National Football League 
»• • the national pastime. The deriding 
game in the American League play- 
• -ffs between the New York Yankees 
.md Cleveland Indians on Monday 
night was up against the NFL game 
tclweon the Denver Broncos and the 
i .New England Patriots. Football 
won. 13.9 to 9.8. in rating points, 
each point representing I percent of 
98 million TV households. (AP) 


The Associated Press 

RAWALPINDI. Pakistan — Azhar 
Mehmood, who is making his test match 
debut, and Mushtaq Ahmed combined 
Wednesday for a record-equaling I Oth- 
wicket partnership of 15 1. 

' The pair helped Pakistan's cricket 
team reach 456 all out in its first innings 
on the third day of the first test against 
South Africa. 

South Africa began its first innings 
confidently, moving comfortably to 139 
runs for one wicket by the end of play. 

Mehmood and Ahmed resumed their 
stand on Wednesday morning with 
Pakistan on 345 for nine wickets'. 
Mehmood added another 56 runs and 
Ahmed 53 to match the record part- 
nership mark set by New Zealand's Brian 
Hastings and Richard Collinge against 
Pakistan in Auckland in February 1973. 


NL Championship 


Florida 302 ON 0 MS 6 0 

Atlanta 1ST 001 000-3 S 2 

K-‘ Bu-n. Cot* (7). PmwO IB). Men (9) 
and c. Jotjiiwi, G-Moddu* Neagh! (7) and 
Edd J L.-'pe* (2). W—KJ, Brown. 141. 
L-G. ■'.'.■ijdui 0-1 Sv-Nen (1). HR*— At- 
lanta CT. ones -.11. Klesko II). 

(Florida Nad* struts 1-8) 

Japanese Leagues 


W L T Pis GF GA 



1 1 






0 1 






1 1 






2 1 






2 0 






3 1 




v Ye* oil 


Hon* Inn 

W L T 

8! 51 3 

71 61 0 

65 67 0 

63 72 0 

60 72 1 

50 76 1 

l-dmdied league HOe 


W L T 

Pel ,CB 
.614 - 

SX 10 
j«n 16 
M7 19'» 
A 55 21 
.437 23". 

Pci .68 

.571 - 
S3) PS 
.511 8 

xn its 
An its 
438 17V. 

Las Angeles 
San Jose 




wintni co HF i u ne t 


2 0 0 J II 3 
i 2 I 0 4 10 10 

0 2 1 0 4 10 6 

111 37 6 

1 1 2 0 3 3 8 

j 0 2 0 0 4 9 



301 7 12 5 

0 13 3 13 14 

1 1 0 2 5 5 

v-Seibu 75 56 3 

On* 60 60 3 

MntaBu 66 63 4 

□a>ei 62 68 1 

Nippon Main 63 71 t 

Latte 56 72 2 

i-chnctml league file 


Yrtoit 1. YomiifnO 
Yc flnuino A. Hiroshima 2 

No games scheduled 


NHL Standings 


















N.Y. (slanders 





Tanga Boy 










New Jew? 





nr .Rangera 





Eteantm 1 2 0 3 7 14 

Ca«orr 0 3 0 0 3 9 

nMMr'i inuin 
Data 3 l <L-« 

BufMa 1 0 1-2 

Flnl Period: 0- Modena 2 (Zubov. Sydor}. 
Z D-, Adams 2 (Mariana Zubov) X B Satan 2 
(Brown SmtthW 4. D-Uhbnen 1 (penalty 
shot) (sh). Second Period: O-lehtinen 2 
■(Sydori Third Period: B-Prtaieou I (Wart 
Audefle) Stats an goat: 0- 13-7-10-30 B- 8- 
3-6-17. C e taer: D-. B-Hcsek 1-2-1. 

Lox A og eH s l i i 0—3 

Carolina 2 0 10-3 

Rnt Period: CarnSno, Kran 1 (Rico 
Leach) Z Carolina Wesley I (Murray. 
ManderriOel X LA.-. Stumpel 2 (Smyth) 
Strand Period: LA.-BtoLa I (Moger. 
MJohnson) Third Period: LA-MacLean 2 
INontmn Ganey) A Carolina Roberts ! 
(Emerson Priracoul Oentbno: Nano. Stab 
an goat LA.- 15-8-7-0-30. Carolina 6-9-1 1- 
3—29. Gotaac LA. ChaboL Carolina 

Boston 0 1 1-2 

Cabrada I 2 0—3 

FW Parted: C-Satoc 1 IDradroorah) 
Second Period: B-Oarato 1 (Hctazel X C-. 
Marta 1 flOcmnw lenwx) 4. CD wn li uar t h 2 
(Kant Marta) (pp). Third Period: B-Toyta2 
(KhittcM Stab an goat* B- S- 13- 12 — 30. C- 
6-1 1 -6—23. Powe<-piay Opport u nitie s B 0 
«U C- 1 ol l. GMtira-. B-Dafoe. C- 

Toronto 0 0 2-2 

C a tg er y 0 l 0-1 

First Period: None Second Period: C- 
Fleury l (PatrkJO Third Period TCIartt 1 
(Sutovanl. XT. Woirincr 1 (McCauley. 
Hendridisoni Stab an gaol: T- 1 OS-8— 76. 
C- 7-12-7—26 Powpf-ptayOpporhintttes— T- 
OoC 10: C- 0 0(6. GacritetaT Potato 1-141 (26 
Shob-25 saves) C . Tobanxcl 0X0 06-24). 
Ottawa 0 1 0—1 

c,p Jose 0 0 o—o 

FM Period: Nana Second Period: O- 
McEochern I (Zhdtota Yashin) (pp). Ttari 
Period: None. Stab an goal: O- 3-6-5-14. 
SJ.- 136-4-21 Power-ptay 

Opportunittes-O- 1 ot X S J.- 0 of X Grata: 
O- Rhodes. 1-1-1 (23 shob-J3 saws). 5J.-, 
Hrudey. 0-1-0 (14-13). 


Pakistan; 456 all oat 
South Africa 139-1 




aanLOMETER. T 7 ABLE, course 
I . Jea rode Longa Franca 39 m. 15 s. 
ZZautfla Zabirova Russia at 1X85 s. 

X Jadith Arndt Gciroany, 29 secs 
A Manta Kvpteroogel Germany, 39 

5. Elizabeth Emery. UA, 57 

6. Catherine Mcnal France. IUB 

7. Mart Holden. US, 1:17 

& Undo Jachsoa Canada 131 

9. Zina|da Stogoursknia Beta* Ul 

10. Aiessandra Coppeflotta Italy* 


1. FaUo Malbertt, Italy. 40 n. 41 9. 

2. Lnszto Bodrogl Hungary at 26 s. 

3 DavM G««ga Sooth A Me* 38 
4. Rahrts BaWtvoscScL Latvia 34 
X GeMaon* Auger. Franca 47 

6. Oleg Jouknv, Russia 1:03 

7. Andress Kkeden, Germany. 1:06 
& Bert Grotact* Gormuir, 1:13 

9. hron FtaDr Colombia 1:19 

10. CMstan VandeveWt US. it 


The French Rugby Union has made avail' 
able to professional agencies (travel agencies, 
communication agencies and public relation 
agencies) a number of seats for the games 
organised at the Slade de France in 1998. 

The agencies interested are invited to contact 
the French Rugby Union, Communication and 
Marketing Department, 9 rue de liege, 75009 
Paris (by mail only) before October 24. 

An application form vnU be sent immediazely. 



Monaco I, Bosta 0 

stand I NOS: Metz 23 potato; PSG 2 ); 
Monaco 2 ft Bordeaux 20 ; Lens lfc Bosta lft 
Marsel He 17 ; Aumrro l& Lyon IS* Toulouse 
IX Gdtagarop 1 * Strasbourg lft Noroes 9 : 
R unites 9. MaatpclBer ft Chatawrouv & Le 
Havre 7; Cannes 7 . 


Davis Cup 


Germany vs. Saudi Africa 
Brazil vs. Spain 

Svrttzeriand vs. Ouch Republic 
Haty vs. Indio 
Australia vs ZbnbfSroe 
Btaghmi vs. Nettterionds 
Untad States vs. Russia 
Home taana ftst Matriws to be ptared 
April 3 to 5. 

Yet Another Comeback for Longa 

French Cyclist Wins 3d Straight Wbmen’s Time Trial Crown ~~ 

V> '<■ . 
k^y. \ ix 

***>« XX 

Sew lYiiu/RuBtn* 

Jeannie Loo go en route Wednesday to her third consecutive world title 
in the women's time trial at the World Cycling Championships in Spain. 

Tailenders Equal Cricket Record 

Finland vs. Croaba 
Ukraine vs. Denmark 
Byes: Fnnce. Romania Nofway, IsraeL 
Austria Britain. MaWies ta be played Febro- 

Morocco vs. Bulgaria 
Belarus vs. Lukcmbaura 
Senegal vs. Poland 
Ivory Coast vs. Egypt 
Latvia vs. Yugostorio 
Portugal vs. GcmyM 
fAanora vs. Slovenia 
MaW»« to be played May 1 to 3. 

Argentina vs. Cotombia 
Bahamas vs. Ecuador 
Canada vs. Meslco 

Bye: Chllo. Matches to deployed Fcbraory 


Venezuela vs. Guatemala 
Haiti vs. Cuba 
Pen: vl Jamaica 
Uruguay vs. Paragoay 
Matches to be played April 3^. 

Uzbekistan vs. China 
Japan vs. Indonesia 
Lebanon w New Zealand 
Bye South Korea. Matches to be played 
Fetauary 13-15. 


PhSpptnes vs. ThaBand 
Taiwan vs. Hong Kong 
Pakistan n. Podfic Oceonto 

Matches to be ployed April 3-5. 



OU C AAO Announced Iheb-new Doubta-A 
aflMato wfl be West Tenn Diamond Jcsa. SL 
ewamun-Sent Pete Rose Jr. outright ta 
fndtanopafis. AA. RecnJtad RHP Todd 
warants frora IndtaopoKs. Churned RHP 
Donna Wall Oil wahecs from Houston, An- 
nog need LHP Pedro A. Martins refused as- 
signment hi IndtanopoBs and be c ame bee 

san piEoo-fked Lory Duertsing. trainer. 
Promoted todd Hutcheson bom assistant la 
head trainer. 


bAUAS-Signed G Kevin OTe to 1-year 

SEATTLE— Wohed C Marti Btaunf and F 
Derrick Battle. 


NFi— Fined Detroit S Mark Carrier 17.500 
tor Mttlna Green Bay WR Robert Breaks with 
his hebnet in o gome SepL 21 
DENVSR-Wdved K ScalT Bertley. Re- 
signed WR WUUe Andenan. 

green UY-Tredad LB Wayne Sanmona to 
Karans dly tor 1998 (NHMnd ftaft choke. 
KARJAS CTTY— Waived WR Brntt Pentawn, 

AhAH Ei M— A ss i g ned G Tom Askey la 

BU FFALO — Signed D Alexei ZtiKnBi to 1* 
yew contract 

9am JOSE-Agreed to Ihtth wWi c Jeff 


hcaa— A nnounced Sunday Adebayo fe eL 
IgSMe to play bastetaon at Aria»nm ttris 

PUWDA STATE-Announced that fresh- 
man K Bffl Gramatka has led tooBral loom. 

south Alabama— Announced the resigna- 
tion of Bfll Musseknan mens basketball 

By Samuel Abt 

International Herald Tribune 

S AN SEBASTIAN, Spain — Re- 
sponding to a clamor that is aud- 
ible only to her, Jeannie Longo 
renounces her latest retirement My 
fans, she says vaguely, the Fteocb pub- 
lic. She owes it to her fans to continue. 
Listen to their protests. 

Besides, she was misunderstood. 
Again. As usual When she announced 
her latest retirement early last month, 
people read more into her words than 
she intended. She did not mean this was 
the end, finite. She meant this was the 
end until she won her next bicycle race 
and found motivation to keep going. 

Luckily for ber public — which is 
basically her husband and coach, Patrice 
Ciprelli — motivation arrived only a few 
weeks after her final curtain call. The 
Frenchwoman won the Grand Prix des 
Nations, a long time trial, on Sept. 21, 
and her 19-year career was on again. 

So she will turn 39 on Oct. 3 1? So she 
is old enough to be the mother of some 
of her rivals? So what if she has retired 
and unretired at least twice previously? 

* * Everybody is trying to put me out to 
pasture,” she said with a sly smile on 
Wednesday. ‘‘Maybe I just haven't 
found the right field yet.” 

La Longo had reason to feel playfuL 
By 85 hundredths of a second on 
Wednesday morning, she had won her 
third consecutive world championship 
in the women's time trial. That made an 
even dozen bicycle world champion- 
ships — in the race against die clock, on 
the road, in pursuit ami in the points race 
— that she has won since 1985. plus the 
Olympic tide on the road last year in 

“Is this the end?” a reporter asked at 
a news conference later. “Will we see 
you again at the world champion- 
ships?” Longo gave him a sweet look. 
“Yes, of course,” she replied- “Be- 
cause l have to race again Saturday” 

when the women tide for the road cham- 
pionship. “So, yes, you'll see me again 
at the world championships.” 

Then she looked around tee room for 
the next question. Nobody had the nerve 
Jo bring up her retirement again and, for 
tire moment, she was not mentioning it 
either. Once more, she had found mo- 

She covered tee 28-kilometer (17- 
mile) course from San Sebastian into the 
hills and back again to tee shores of the 
Bay of Biscay in 39. minutes 15.21 
seconds on Wednesday. That was 85 
hundredths of a second faster than 
Zoulfia Zabirova of Russia, tee Olympic 
champion, and 29 seconds faster than 
Judith Arndt of Germany, in third place. 
The winner's time in the race a gains t the 
clod: translated into a brisk 42.7 ki- 
lometers an hour (26 miles an hour). 

’Tm a little sad for Zoulfia, because 
she’s one of my best friends,” Longo 
said later. But, she added quickly, she 
herself had sometimes lost close races. 
One of them, she did not point out, was 
at Atlanta, when she finished second to 
tee Russian in the time trial. 

Fourth among 39 riders on Wednes- 
day was Hanka Kupfemagel of Ger- 
many, with Elizabeth Emery of tee 
United States finishing fifth. 

If Longo was sugar and spice and 
everything nice after the time trial, she 
was edgy beforehand. This was her big 
test; When she was warming up for the 
French championships in July, a young 
rider crashed into her, badly injuring 
Longo. Her collarbone and several ribs 
were broken and ber stomach was punc- 
tured bv the handlebar of her bicycle. 

She looked thinner, more drawn and, 
yes, much older than usual. As is her 
custom, she was nowhere to be found in 
or near tee tent where tee French team 
was assembled in a welter of bicycles, 
wheels and gears spilled, on the ground. 
Longo trains alone — or with nobody 
other than Ciprelli — and has sometimes 
even refused to stay at tee team hotel. 

But she has mellowed somewhat. 
This year she does share the team hotel/ 
even if she and her husband stay apatt - 
from tee other riders, and she ev#rr 
addresses a few of her colleagues 1&: 
their first names. 

After about an hour of warm-ups on 
tee roads, sbe showed up at tee Frenefe 
tent half an hour before her starting- 
time. Her uniform jersey was pullei 
down to her waist, revealing a blue Tr . 
shirt with Snoopy bearing the Olympic** 
torch and the logo of tee U.S. Olympic. 
Training Center in Colorado. She likes 
to train in that state, for from home. - 
Moving her bicycle here and there 
nervously, ber husband was careful not, 
to say much to her. He also wore -a’ 
Colorado T-shirt, a black one with-.* 
stagecoach driving through a storm. 

Longo mounted a stationary bicycle 
and began doing intervals — so many 
minutes at a high tempo to get he£ 
muscles heated, so many more at a high: 
er speed to get her heart rate up, teen a. 
few minutes of jumps, or quick accqlf; 
erations. to bring her engine to a peak:--: 

The noise of ber rear wheel on 
rollers was thunderous. Once or twice. , 
she reached down to massage her left- 0i 
thigh, kneading the muscle just above, 
the knee. Behind her, Ciprelli was busy 
securing her number to her jersey. :-i., 
The piece of plastic with No. 1 prin- 
ted on it already had six safety pins in ife 
but they were not enough for him. Aa 
she hunched over, working up a stormy 
be pushed in two more pins. Finally, be 
was satisfied. 

So was Longo. She wiped her face, 
with a towel, passed behind a flap of; 
canvas to dry her body, pulled up bet, 
jersey, got on her bicycle and beaded fop 
the starting platform. ;'-u 

The next time Ciprelli saw her, stag, 
was on tee platform, then down the 
ramp and on her way to another title.' 

At least until Saturday, when she goes, 
for another road championship, all talk* k 
of retirement was over. . j r 

Mehmood finished with 128 to set 
another record with Ali Naqvi, who 
made 155 ou tee first day. They are the 
first pair of debutantes to score centuries 
in the same test innings in cricket’s 121- 
year history. 

Mehmood also became only the fifth 
batsmen in test history to score a century 
while batting eighth or lower in the 

Ahmed and Mehmood. who batted 
together for 182 minutes, missed their 
chance of breaking the record when, 
immediately before lunch, Ahmed went 
for a big hit against the bowling of 
Hansie Cronje and dragged the ball back 
onto his wicket. 

When South Africa batted, Adam 
Bacher fell with tee score at 107. At the 
close, Gary Kirsten was on 62 and 
Jacques Kail is was on 20. 

Thanks to Murdoch, Soccer Gets 
A Shiny New Image in England 

International Hp’atd Trii/tuie . ,, ; , . - r . ■ 

E NGLAND goes to Rome this week needing a draw to 
qualify ahead of Italy for soccer's World Cup finals 
next summer. A few days ago, Manchester United, 
without its captain, upset dominant Juventus; last monte 
Newcastle, without Alan Shearer, overwhelmed Barcelona. 

If English soccer succeeds in recovering its lost 1980s’ 
morale, will tee thanks go to Rupert Murdoch? 

A statue ought to be considered. Or at least name a trophy 
after him — The Murdoch Foreign Player Come-to-Eng- 
land-for-the-Money of the Year award — given not by a 
vote of peers (most of whom would probably be envious) 
but according to a mathematical formula. Divide the annual 
salary by his goals scored plus other statistics, incorporating 
the club's improvements in tee standings and attendance, 
number of replica uniform shirts sold and so forth. 

It is hard to recall a single individual who has so 
revolutionized an important national league. In the United 
States tee late Pete Rozelle, the first great commissioner of 
the National Football League, is a demigod because he 
recognized the power of television to create what is now 
America's most popular spectator sport. 

Murdoch didn’t recognize tee power he is tee power. 
For the selfish interests of his own satellite-television 
monopoly in Britain be hijacked the English Premier 
League with a £214 million ($347.4 million) contract for 
tee five-year period beginning in 1992. Hie new four-year 
contract for exclusive television rights to tee Premiership 
is now earning a startling £670 million fromMurdoch. who 
in return is televising a much-improved product starring 
Italian and Brazilian players who grew up never imagining 
visits to Southampton or tiny Barnsley. 

Until recently Euglish clubs tended to be humbled or 
embarrassed when they returned to European competition 
after the five-year ban for violence by Liverpool fans at tee 
Heysel Stadium in Brussels in 1985, as a result of which 39 
fans died. Under such close examination the teams were os 
irrelevant and backward in their play as the monarchy 
seemed during tee Diana tragedy. 

Now their energy and heart is being wedded to mer- 
cenary skills. Even the improvement in England’s national 
team can be traced back to tee infusion of foreign talents 
bankrolled by Murdoch. Since some foreign voices have 
come to Chelsea and Arsenal, tee English players no longer 
perform like victims of inbreeding. 

Murdoch won’t receive the credit because he’s largely 
the villain in the British media war, and his payments to the 
English game surely aren't benevolent what’s more, the 
majority of fans can’t afford or refuse to buy subscriptions 
to his television channels — but teen this is one of the 
reasons they are packing the stadiums full and loud. The 
new financial standards might crash 1929-style anyway, 
should Manchester United and other clubs realize with 
Murdochian logic that tee digital-TV revolution can earn 
them many times more profit just by starting up their own 
exclusive television channels, which may yet lead to an 
exclusive European league against other giants. 

In truth no one can say how it will all play out. But it 
might be, for these few glorious years be has given teem, 
that the British fans will someday look bade on Murdoch 
rather fondly. 

But probably they will blame him for everything. 

ZJNZAN BROOKE has announced his retirement this 
year, at 32, from New Zealand rugby. The All Black coach, 
John Hart, said, “There is uo other player that hastee range 
of skills, including drop-kicking, in the loose forwards mat 
this fellow has. He’s one of the hardest men you could get; 
you don’t often get the mixture of absolute hardness and 
flair. The other unique issue is his tactical appreciation. He 
has an unbelievable grasp of the game.” 

Brooke is planning to play in England, where the rugby 
union clubs also are buying up tee world’s most famous 
(and often aged) talent with money consigned by, in- 
evitably. Murdoch's Sky TV network. The anachronistic 
all-around talents of someone like Brooke would amaze 
American football fans. From tee No. 8 position Brooke is 
expected to scrum (like an offensive lineman), create (like 
a quarterback on tee option}, run with tee ball (like a 

Vantage "Point/ Ian Thomsen • 

DAVIS LOVE 3d took a. phone call in his hotel roonx^; 
Saturday night teat he should never forget. It was his..- 
American Ryder Cup teammate Justin Leonard. “He just' 1 
told me to quit taking ali tee blame for us losing,” Love. 
said. --i 

Love was the worst of tee 24 professionals at the Ryder . , 
Cup. losing all four of his matches in Europe's 14V4 -13!4r!' 
victory on tee last weekend of September, in recovering arf. 
few days later to win tee Buick Challenge in his native. >r 
Georgia, Love might be taking upa precedent established in .- 
1991 by Bernhard Langer, who in teat year missed the pun « :3 
at Kiawah Island that gave the Ryder Cup to the Americans. • 1 

In the following week Langer flew home and won the,i ' 
German Masters — an act of incredible resilience. -„ 

“I have no special secret,” Langer said. “I am one of.^j 
those people who is able to forget what is behind me and ■-.< 
focus on what is ahead. That is what everybody should do. .> 

You cannot live in tee past.” 

The . link came up because Langer won tbe German "" 
Masters again Sunday with a third round of 60. He would , 
have broken the European golf sound barrier if he hadn’t 4 - 
three-putted the 6th or lipped out a three-footer for birdie at-, 
the 14th. Langer won in 21 -under par, tee same winning J 
score as Love. ■ 


IT WAS FUNNY to see how the American press (this J 
reporter included) decided that Seve Ballesteros’s non-, « 
playing captaincy won the Ryder Cup for Europe, while in 
Europe tee writers wondered if it happened in spite of his^r / , 
meddling. But then we Americans are always accused ofi?< * ' 
being star-struck. r J 

By tee way, did anyone else think Ballesteros with his ; 
graying temples and Mediterranean tan looked a bit like.* 

Cary Grant? I’m flunking of “To Catch a Thief," pre- *; 
cisely. *■ 


REST IN PEACE, momentarily. Notre Dame (l-4;,4; 
Alabama (3-2) and Miami (1-4) — for the first time in 15 :■ 
years none of you is mentioned in the Top 25 college** 
football poll Dozing off alongside you is Enunitt Smith,..* 
tee Dallas Cowboy who hasn't scored a touchdown in five 
weeks. It’s enough to make' one believe in reincarnation. 

inverted a spur-of-the-moment droplock from < 
Perhaps Jim Thorpe accomplished as much. 

knti7 RiHprW Kruir-r, 

Zinzan Brooke during 1995 rugby match in Sydney. 



PAGE 21 


•The Marlins’ Wild Man 
Tames the Braves, 5-3 

Brown Wins, Helped by Atlanta Errors 

By Blister Olney 

New York Tones Service 

‘^ATLANTA — The Florida 

M a rtins spent $50 millio n on 
latent and hired the National 
league’s most renowned 
mana ger, Jim Leyhuxi But 
die club's fate is in the hands 
6f~ a wild card — Kevin 
Bfbwn, the temperamental 
etcher who beat die Atlanta 
Braves and Greg Maddox, 5- 
. 3,'in Game 1 of the National, 
if League Championship Series 
v off Tuesday night 

^'’Wearing what one team- 
mate referred to as his “death 
stare,” Brown, who will get 
two more starts and stands to 
be the senes’ most pivotal 
player if it extends to a seventh 
game, allowed five hits and 
three runs over six innings. 
That was just enough to get by. 
as his ffammatwf scored five 
unearned runs against Maddux 
fallowing defensive lapses by 
the Braves’ first baseman, 
Fred McGriff, and the center 
fidder, Kenny Lofton. 
j '-Maddux pitches with die 
qr efficiency and detached de- 
meanor of an accountant. 
Brown has die subtle ap- 
proach of a pro wrestler. A 
National League umpire once 
said Maddux never sweats. 
Brown’s face glimmers with 
perspiration before he takes 
the mrararl 

He squeezes the ball as if he 
is -applying a beadQock, and 
pitches at one speed, throwing 
everything as hard as he can. 
Brown constantly berates him- 
self when allowing even fluke 
hits, his head bobbing with 
every other syllable. 

No one doubts Brown's 
. awesome ability; his sinking 
A fastball is responsible fra 
anywhere from 5 to 10 broken 
bats when he starts. Leo 
Mazzone, the Braves’ pitch- 
ing coach, said Tuesday that 
Brown “is one of the greatest 
pitchers I’ve ever seen.” 

. But Brown has always 
fought a battle within himself, 
frying to contain his emotions, 
his temper. He is amazing, a 
teammate, Jim Eisenreich, 
said before Tuesday’s game, 
“even a little crazy.” 

| “There’s no way anyone 
could talk to him before a 
game like this,” Eisenreich 
Said. “He's in foe clubhouse 
fight now, with smoke com- 
ing out of his eyes.” 

■ when Brown loses control 
of his temper, he often over- 
throws ana his fastball loses 
its sinking action, instead 
floating and spinning like a 
Frisbee, and he tangled with 
his emotions in Game 1. Mak- 
ing his first appearance in a 
/ league championship series. 
*.„■ Brown carried a surprising 3- 
1 dead to foe mound in foe fust 
inning after the Marlins cap- 
italized on a first-inning error. 
McGriff hobbled Jeff Con- 
ine's sharp grounder to load 

foe bases with two outs. 

Moises Alou then bounced 
a ball toward foe third base- 
man, Chipper Jones, who, 
tike a matador, carefully ap- 
proached foe chopper. And 
like a matador, let foe ball go 
by with a wave of his glove, a 
doable — and foe first hit 
allowed all year by Maddux 
with foe bases loaded. 

During foe regular season. 
Maddux suffered a total of one 
unearned run. The Martin* 
scared three unearned tuns 
with AIou’s bouncing double. 
Aloe drove in four of the Mar- 
tins’ five runs. He bit .292 dur- 
ing the regular season with 23 
home inns and 1 15 runs batted 
in. Against the Braves, he bat- 
ted rady J231 with no home 
runs and six runs batted in, 
none against Greg Maddux. 

Even with foe lead. Brown 
stalked around foe mound ex- 
citedly tike a 3-year-old on a 
sugar fix. barely pausing fra 
his catcher’s sign before 
flinging his next pitch. Facing 
Keith Lockhart, Atlanta's 
second hitter, this was foe 
elapsed time between bis four 
pitches: 10 seconds, IS 
seconds, 14 seconds. 

Lockhart doubled, and 
scored when McGriff singled. 
Brown, his face contorted 
with fury, began throwing his 

c inVrw hftpri- hi gh, w allring Ry- 

an Klesko and then Michael 
Tucker, loading foe bases. 
Larry Rothschild, the Florida 
pitching coach, went to calm 
Brown. Bobby Bonilla yelled 
to him with encouragement. 
Perhaps sensing Brown’s vul- 
nerability, Bobby Cox, foe At- 
lanta manager, made a stun- 
ning switch: he inserted the 
heavy-hitting catcher Javy 
Lopez as a pinch-hitter for Ed- 

die Perez, Maddux’s personal 
catcher. In die first inning. 
“Down foe amount of nuts we 
were.” Cox said, “who 
knows if you are going to get 
another chance to do that" 

But Lopez grounded out, 
and Brown escaped. “I guess 
I made a couple of big pitches 
when I had to,” Brown said. 

Hie Marlins added two 
more runs in foe third, set up 
when Lofton dropped Gary 
Sheffield's deep fly ball. 
Brown continued to labor, 
giving up homers to Jones on 
the first pitch of the third, and 
to Klesko on the first pitch in 
foe sixth. He had thrown 101 
pitches at that point. Ley land, 
needing Brown for Game 4, 
replaced him for foe seventh. 

“A gutsy performance,” 
Ley land said of Brown. 4 ‘He 
probably was a little loo 
strong. This is foe second 
time in a row he’s pitched 
with a week’s rest” 

The Marlins benefited 
from a blown call in foe bot- 
tom of foe seventh. With a 
runner at first and one out; 
D ennis Cook hit McGriff in 
tile left forearm with a pitch 
(as replays would show 
clearly). Bruce Ftoenurang. 
foe home plate umpire, in- 
sisted McGriff had fouled foe 
pitch with his bat McGriff 
grounded out, stifling the 
Braves’ final threat 

“Believe me," Cox said, 
“that’s not the reason why we 

Somebody asked the Cox 
what he thought of Brown’s 
performance. Cox smiled 
wryly and said, “We picked a 
bad night to kick foe ball 
around.” Translated: foe 
Braves missed a good chance 
to beat foe Florida wild card. 

RdlMhWThr Phm 

The Mariners’ Jeff Conine sliding past Eddie Perez, the Braves’ catcher, to score in the first inning. 

Quirky Field May Hold Key to NL Series 

By Buster Olney 

New York Tunes Service 

ATLANTA — From Camden Yards 
to Jacobs Field to Coors Field, foe ma- 
jority of the ball parks that have opened 
this decade have been hitters’ parks, 
aiding and abetting batters with their 
short dimensions. 

Turner Held, home of foe Atlanta 
Braves, is a departure from this trend, 
and in foe minds of some in the National 
League, it presents quirky conditions that 
are not suited to foe home team, as the 
visiting Florida Marlins demonstrated 
Tnesday night in foe first inning in Game 
1 of the National League Championship 
Series, which they won 5-3. The dis- 
tances to the alleys are long and foe ball 
does not carry well an advantage to 
pitchers. But the infield dirt here is. in 
some minds, the hardest and foe worst 
surface in basebalL 

“Tbe Braves, they’re going to have a 
little trouble with that infield,” Carlos 
Baerga, the New York Mets’ second 

baseman, said in the final weekend of foe 
regular season. “Maybe it’s going to be 
a problem for both teams, but that infield 
is foe hardest in the league. It surprised 
me, because it’s a new ball park.” 

Baerga demonstrated us point at 
Turner Field earlier this season, taking a 
baseball and bouncing it tike a basketball 
on the dirt in front of home plate; he 
swiped a foot across foe loose dirt on foe 
surrace and nudged the packed com- 
position underneath. Baerga feels in- 
ti elders with good range can thrive on 
the infield. But the Braves, he added, 
don’t have infielders like this. . 

* ‘They catch foe ball, but Jeff Blauser 
is not a shortstop like Rey Ordonez,” 
Baerga said. “Mark Lemke is O.K. as a 
second baseman, bat 1 don't compare 
him to Robbie Alomar or other players 
like that. Rey said foe surface was one of 
the worst he’s ever seen.” 

In foe opening innin g Tuesday. Edgar 
Renteria opened a rally with a bouncing 
single through foe middle, with neither 
the second baseman. Keith Lockhart 

nor Blauser, the shortstop, having a 
chance to reach foe ball, with two out 
and runners on first and second, Jeff 
Conine slapped another bouncer, this 
toward first base, where Fred McGriff 
leaned back and allowed the ball to hit 
his glove and roll behind him for an 

The bases were loaded when Moises 
Alou smashed a hopper off the dirt in 
front of foe plate. The third baseman. 
Chipper Jones, moved to cut the ball off, 
but it took a quick and wicked hop past 
him toward the left-field comer for a 
three-run double. Jones’s cautious ap- 
proach might have resulted from months 
of playing on the bone-hard infield. 

f Tt’s tough to swallow.” he said, 
“because I know if I make the play, 
we’re in foe game.” 

“I caught a break,” Alou said. “It had 
a bad hop, and it was a tough play for 
Chipper Jones. Maddux pitched good in 
that inning even though he threw a lot of 
pitches, so we definitely caught a 

Rebuilt Indians Bring a Warmer Feeling to Playoffs 

By Ross Newhan 

Los Armeies Times 

BALTIMORE — The chill in 
foe Cleveland Indians’ clubhouse 
went beyond Albert Belle’s insist- 
ence that it be that way, and his 
periodic demolishing of foe ther- 
mostat to prevent teammates from 
raising foe temperature. 

That contributed to a frosty 
dressing room, but the icy air that 
enveloped foe team stemmed also 
from Belle's belligerence, the often 
surly Kenny Lofton and the un- 
communicative Eddie Murray. 

The powerhouse Indians of 1995 
and '96 intimidated people on and 
off tiie field. 

Belle, Lofton and Murray are 
gone and the Indians are different — 
in personnel and personality. 

“When you look at the people we 

brought in, we knew we had a 
chance to win again.” shortstop 

Omar Vizquel said of David 
Justice, Marquis Grissom and Matt 
Williams. “They were successful 
players with postseason experience, 
so the numbers are pretty much the 
same. But personality-wise we’re 
also a little better. The media isn’t 
focused on troubled players or what 
Albert did or didn’t do.’ * 

The Indians have won three con- 
secutive Central Division titles, 
twice with Belle & Co., and now 
with the new faces of ’97. 

Asked to compare the character 
of the two teams, Mike Hargrove, 
the manager, said. “Did you say 
character or characters?” 

“The *95 and ’96 groups weren’t 
as media friendly,” he said. “But 
they weren’t as rowdy and uncon- 
trollable as people were led to be- 
lieve. This team doesn’t have the 
same swagger and arrogance, but 
it’s just as confident 

“I’ve really enjoyed this club. 

and I’d have to admit that there’s 
just a better feeling in foe club- 
house among the players.’’ 

The Indians eliminated foe New 
York Yankees on Monday and 
began their series against foe Bal- 
timore Orioles for foe American 
League title on Wednesday night 

Even though they lost Belle and 
Lofton they are still powerful of- 
fensively, said John Hart, the gen- 
eral manager, but better defensively, 
with foe financial future stabilized. 

“Albert Belle legitimized our 
lineup, but we weren’t going to pay 
him SI 1 million,” Hart said. “We 
could have afforded to do it but we 
sent a message to baseball, to our 
players and to our fans. Were the 
off-foe-field distractions a factor? 
Absolutely. If there had been fewer 
distractions, might we have reacted 
differently? Absolutely." 

Belle left as a free agent last 
winter. Justice and Grissom were 

acquired from Atlanta for Lofton in 
March. Lofton, Hart says, would 
have left after this season when be 
became a free agent “I think it was 
pretty shrewd,” Hart said. 

Having already made thfe trade 
with San Francisco for third base- 
man Williams as the first step in 
replacing Belle's offense. Hart re- 
built foe Indians the old fashioned 
way — with two big trades. 

“My one regret was not being 
able to acquire a front-line starting 
pitcher hist winter,” he said 
“People forget that we had the 
league’s best eamed-run average in 
’95 and ’96. Of course, we couldn't 
have anticipated the number of 
pitching injuries we had tills year.” 

Williams will soon be signed to a 
multiyear contract Justice and 
Grissom already have been, as have 
most of foe team’s best players. 

Four yeais of Jacobs Held sell- 
outs have permitted the Indians to 

sustain baseball’s thiid-highest 
payroll, a long way from the $8 
million when Hart took over in 
1991. The payroll is likely to climb 
in ’98 as they weigh acquisition of a 
No. t pitcher and pursuit of second 
baseman Chuck Knoblauch, who 
wants to leave Minnesota. 

“You can’t have an all-star at 
every position.” Hart said. “We 
don’t have an unlimited budget” 

What foe Indians do have is a new 
demeanor and what newcomer Bip 
Roberts described as intensity, 
toughness and character. 

“The Indians have all foe in- 
gredients now, and Justice, Gris- 
som and Williams helped bring it 
together,” said Roberts, whose 
August acquisition provided a 
lead off spark in Lofton’s absence. 

Speaking of Hargrove, Hart said: 
“Both Grover and I have had more 
fun with this team than any of our 

A Long 
For Sabre 

The Associated Press 

DominikHasek, foe Buffalo 
Sabres goalie, was booed by 
die hometown fens, foco bom- 
barded by the Dallas Stars. 

Hasck’s miserable night 
concluded with a 4-2 loss rai 

Despite backstopping foe 
Sabres to the Northeast Di- 
vision tide and winning the 
National Hockey League’s 
most valuable player award 
last season, Hasek became a 

villain to many fans — and 
some teammates — when ire 
said he did not want coach 
Ted Nolan to return. When 
the team failed to offer Nolan 

— foe NHL coach of the year 

— a long-term contract, he 
left and was replaced by 
Lindy Ruff. 

During foe third period 
Tuesday, H&sek was booed 
when several of his saves were 
replayed on the scoreboard. 

* ‘I’m baffled,’ ’ said Dixon 
Ward, one of the Sabres’ for- 
wards. “Dorn brought this 
t*tam from nowhere to some- 
where in an awfully big hurry. 
He deserves a little mote re- 

Jere Lehtinen scored two 
goals, including one on a pen- 
alty shot, to lead Dallas to its 
first victory in three games. 
Mike Modano scored 55 
seconds into the game on a 
breakaway, andhe setup Greg 
Adams’s goal less titan three 
minutes later for the Stan. 

On the penalty shot, Le- 
htinen faked Hasek to the ice 
and beat him with a back- 

lOnw 3, llufrle— ■■ 3 Gary 
Roberts scored his first goal 
since returning to hockey 
after a serious neck injury as 
Carolina tied Los Angeles. 

It was the Kings’ third draw 
in four games — all on the 
road — while the Hurricanes 
are winless this season. 

Roberts, acquired in the 
offseason from Calgary after 
coming out of retirement fol- 
lowing the 1996-97 season, 
tied the scorewith 9:13 left on 
a rebound. Donald MacLcan 
gave the Kings a 3-2 lead 3:39 
into foe final period. 

AnhndM 3, Brain* 2 In 
Denver, Josef Marha scored 
his first NHL goal and added 
an assist, and Joe Sakic had 
his first goal of the season as 
Colorado remained unbeaten 
with a victory over Boston. 

■Mpie LaA 2 , Flam** 1 In 
Calgary, Todd Waniner 
scored foe winning goal with 
58 seconds left as Toronto won 
its first game of die season- 

S a n f oc a 1, Shades D 

Shawn McEachem scored his 
first goal of foe season and 
Damian Rhodes had 23 saves 
for his fourth career shutout 
as Ottawa won at San Jose. 


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If I Were a Rich Man 

may have noticed that 
Forbes magazine just came 
out with its list cu the 400 
richest people in America. 

You may also have noticed 
that 1 didn't make the list 
Before you come to any 
conclusions. I’ll tell you why 
1 was excluded. I asked Steve 
Forbes to leave 
my name off it 
Getting on a 
list of this kind 
can cause a 
person more 
trouble than 
it's worth. 

First of all, as 

soon as the bU- Buchwald 
lionaues find 
oat how much you've got they 
all want to borrow money. 

The last thing I need is a 
call from Bill Gates or War- 
ren Buffett saying, “We’re 
thinking of buying the Coca- 
Cola Company and wondered 
if you could get us over the 
hump until Tuesday.” 

Then I'll hear from Ted 
Turner, who'll say something 
like, “Look I gave one billion 
dollars to the United Nations. 
Jane drought you might be 
interested in throwing in a bil- 
lion for the Atlanta Blood 

Chri stie’s Exhibits 
Works in Kremlin 

Agence France-Prcsse 

MOSCOW — The auction 
house Christie's has exhibited 
selected art works from its 
next New York auction in 
Moscow for the first time in a 
bid to encourage the devel- 
opment of Russia’s art mar- 
ket. a company official said. 

The exhibition, largely fin- 
anced by the Russian oil com- 
pany Lukoil, is taking place 
for two days at the Patnarch 
Palace in the Kremlin. 

So I told Forbes, “What I 
don't like about your list is 
that you always get my total 
assets wrong. You figure in 
my sister’s home in New Jer- 
sey along with my oil and gas 
reserves in Oklahoma, and 
what have we got? An IRS 

Forbes was not sympath- 
etic. “The public has a right 
to know what you're worth. If 
yop're going to eat Perdue 
chicken, our readers should 
be informed about who gets 
die white meat and who gets 
the dark. You can’t hide your 
rich and famous lifestyle 
from our reporters." 

It bothers me because I 
don’t own a lot of homes 
around the world — I don’t 
even have a yacht. It’s not 
easy tt> spend a billion dollars, 
even in good times, partic- 
ularly if you shop at a dis- 
count grocery. 

Once you buy a power 
lawn mower and a pair of 
Nike sneakers, there's noth- 
ing left to spend money on. 


Ever since the list was pub- 
lished. I’ve been getting calls 
from people who wens on it. 
They all call to say how sorry 
they are that I wasn’t in- 
cluded. They are treating it 
like a major tragedy. 

I also got a call from a 
credit card company spokes- 
man who said they were can- 
celing my credit card because 
I was a risk. I told them I 
couldn't care (ess. 

I only mention all this be- 
cause I don’t want the readers 
to think that my omission 
from the 400 list means that I 
am fiat broke. 

I could buy and sell Ross 
Perot and Rupert Murdoch 
any day, bat I don ’t want to as 
billionaires hate competition. 
Besides, there’s plenty of 
room on my private 747 for 
all of us. 

Will the Show Still Go On at London’s Old Yic? 

By Sarah Lyall 

Nrw VorA Times Servfce 

L ONDON — Built 180 years 
ago in an attempt to spruce up 
the dank and wild South Bank, the 
Old Vic theater has as rich and 
varied a history as they come, hav- 
ing beat used over the years as an 
opera house, a music hall, a col- 
lege. a temperance hall, and a ven- 
ue for some of the most distin- 
guished acting seen here tins 

The Old Vic, near Waterloo Sta- 
tion, is where Lilian Baylis am- 
bitiously staged all of Shake- 
speare's plays some 80 years ago. Jl 
is where Sir John Gielgpid made his 
modest London debut in 1921, ap- 
pearing as a herald in “Henry V, ’ 
and where, almost 35 years ago, Sir 
Laurence Olivier directed the Na- 
tional Theatre. And it is where, for 
10 months. Sir Peter Hall’s ac- 
claimed repertory company has in- 
jected more than a frisson of ex- 
citement into the London theater 
world with its productions of 13 
plays, including Beckett’s “Wait- 
ing for Godot,” David Rabe’s 
“Horiy burly.” and Harley Gran- 
ville-Barker's classic political and 
sexual morality tale, “Waste." 

But in August, the theater’s Ca- 
nadian owner, Mirvish Corp., an- 
nounced that it was putting the Old 
Vic up for sale and, as of Decem- 
ber, effectively evicting Hall and 
his company. Nelson Bakewell. the 
mariewring consultants handlin g the 
sale with Sotheby’s, has announced 
that on Nov. 14, it will accept in- 
formal bids from potential buyers. 
(These include, said Tracy Collins, 
an agent at Nelson Bakewell, de- 
velopers, theater companies, and 
“interested wealthy individuals.") 

One group mentioned as a pos- 
sible buyer, the National Theatre, 
has said it is not interested. But 
Richard Eyre, the National's out- 
going director, said recently drat 
the company would like to hold on 
to the Old Vic’s modem annex next 
door, which it uses as a studio for 
developing new plays. “What the 
National Theatre would like to do is 

preserve the annex without taking 
over the Old Vic," he said. 

Ed Mirvish. Mirvish Corp.’s 83- 
year-old president, said he had come 
to the decision to sell with great 
reluctance, and only because his 
business holdings in Toronto, where 
his company owns theaters, depart- 
ment stores, and restaurants, were 
absorbing his time and attention. 

“For 15 years, we’ve had the 
theater, and I used to get over there 
every two months,” be said. “But I 
haven't b een there for a year. The 
theater needs the close attention of 
the owners, and we can't give it that 

Hall has been crying, without suc- 
cess, to find a new home for his 
company. “We’ve been talking to a 
lot of West End theaters, aixj most of 
them say they don’t want us because 

repertory theater doesn’t woi in the 
West End, ’ 1 be said. “But that’s not 
true. 1 ran the Aldwych Theatre very 
successfully in repertory. What they 
m«in is that they frnnk they’ll make 
more money 

ertory, which is fair. because 
businesses. Butthatisn'tthesameas 
saying that repertory doesn't work 
in the West End.” 

What will happen to the theater 
seems to be anybody’s guess. The 
Old Vic is a Grade II listed building, 
which means that it cannot be torn 
down or substantially changed with- 
out a lengthy bureaucratic process. 
Although ir is zoned for use as a 
theater, the definition of “theater” 
is quite bread: it could, theoretically, 
be used as a nightclub, music ball or 
movie theater. 

“It’s a one-of-a-kind place be- 
came of its history and tradition, 
and I don ’t see any likelihood of its 
being kept going as it’s been,” said 
Michael Billington, chief drama 
critic for The Guardian. “Anyone 
who wanted to turn it into a disco 
could do so quite easily." 

And tire announcement comes at 
a particularly unfortunate juncture. 
Hall is just f inishing his ac claimed 
first season at the Old Vic, which 
featured an ambitious repertory of 
13 plays in 10 months, performed 
by a cast Including Felicity Kendal, 




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Peter Hall, whose company has been at the Old Vic for 10 months. 

Michael Pennington, 1 and Alan 
Howard. Six of the plays were clas- 
sics and seven were new works, 
under the directorship of Dominic 
Dromgoole. The general feeling, 
critics said, was that Hall made a 
success of what was surely a 

4 ‘He is a fabulous adventurer, and 
there's no missing the sense of ex- 
citement and vitality he has restored 
to die Old Vic,” wrote Nicholas de 
Jongh, describing Hall in The Evert- 
ing Standard in June. “He has 
dreamed up just the sort of program 
— a mix between tile classic and the 
new — which the Vic needs at a 
time when the West End is men- 
acingly dull and predictable,” 

The Old Vic, or the Royal Vic- 
toria HalL which was named afro: 
Princess Victoria before she as- 
sumed the throne, was dilapidated 

when the Mirvishes bought it for 
£550,000 (about $880,000) in 1982. 
They bad outbid their nearest com- 
petitor, Andrew Lloyd Webber, by 
about 580,000. Eight or rune months 
of lavish restoration work followed, 
at a cost of more than $4 million. 
The theater has appreciated so much 
in value — partly, his supporters 
say, because of the new attention 
arm prestige Hail has brought to it — 
that the Mirvishes are now asking 
something around £7 million, 

Mirvish said he hoped a new 
owner would. respect me theater’s 
long tradition. “We’re looking for 
a person who’s rich, has lots of 
money, and loves the theater,” he 
said. “We’re looking for someone 
who will use it as the Old Vic. We 
don’t want it to be used for any- 
thing else.” 

Beyond the questions it raises 

about the long-term future of thtf- •* 
theater, the sale presents HaU, ' - 
founder of the Royal Shakespeare, 
Company and a specialist in m*' y 
ertory theater, with an • >n 

crisis. His plans for next season al*’ - L 
beginning to unravel and he doe£V » 
not know what will happen to hj * 
company, which was to be led by’ * I 
Daroe Judi Dench next year, or 
the productions be and his actor*. |*‘* 
ore already committed to. » 

Hall’s company has found crit- [ L’ 
ical and popular success, but 'not- ,' [i« 
financial success. It is' not cleaf 
how much money it has 1 ost ia the y 
last 10 months, though some- re- fV* 
ports have- estimated that the tbeat- ! 
er is .facing a deficit of well overr' 1 
$16 million. Billington, who said/ 
he believed that if Hail continued^ 4 
he could break even or turn a profit ; “ 
in a year or two, added: “It realty is ; . 
tragic that they want to sell -it; 


Among other things, he said; - 
h«ii bod proved successful at get- 
ting people to come to the theater i 
on Sunday afternoons. 4 

“To break even in a first season 
is almost insuperably difficult,” he 
said. **I think we will look back od 
this Peter HaU season as a landmark 
season. He has proved there is a' 
public appetite for repertory tiieatef . 
and company theater of this kind; - 
and at the very moment he's done ■ 
that, be loses the building.” 

Indeed, HaU asserts that when he 
first discussed the idea of joining 
the Old Vic with the Mirvishes. he 
was asked if he would stay on for 
five years. “I said. 4 Absolutely, yes . 

— it will take five years, ’ "hesaid. 

“I was totally taken by surprise by 
this. They told me a week before if 
was announced publicly." 

But HaU never signed a contract, 
and Mirvish said that he had always 
made it clear that the agreement - 
was flexible. “When we spoke to 
him, we said that if it breaks even or 
makes a little it will continue into, 
another year, but if he does not- 
make it this year we will not go into ' 
a second year,” Mirvish said. 

“That was the understanding up 



Julia Child: All the Ingredients for a Biography 

By Frank J. Prial 

New York Times Service 

C AMBRIDGE, Massachusetts — “It reads as if 
I'm dead," Julia Child said of “Appetite for 

Life," a new biography of her by Noel Riley Fitch. 
“But then, I guess I always assumed I would be by 
the time it came out.” 

Child, who turned 85 on Aug. 15, was making 
coffee in die kitchen of her big, old clapboard house 
behind Harvard Square. She was also making haste 
to distance herself from her first authorized bi- 
ography, which was published this month by 
Doubleday ($25.95). 

Although she chose the author and agreed to 
hours of interviews for the book, “I had nothing to 
do with it." she insisted. 

Child, who is known for guarding her private 
life, might be forgiven her restraint. Fitch, whose 
earlier work included biographies of Sylvia Beach 
and Anais Nin, has left nothing out. 

Working with Child’s papers, including diaries, 
which are available at Harvard University’s Schle- 
singer Library, she has catalogued. Boswell-like, 
even the most trivial events in her subject’s life, 
from the names of her childhood friends through 
the name of the speakeasy near Smith College to 
which Chi id drove her friends in her 1929 Fond. Not 
even Child 's many injuries, her mastectomy or her 
face-lifts escape Fitch's pen. 

The narrative often reads like a succession of 

In 1965, the Childs settled in the Cambridge 
house in which she still lives. 

“We loved Boston,” shesaid, “and it turned out 


newspaper clips, but to her credit she re-creates 
Child’s life with Paul Child, her great love. This is 
done with insight and tenderness, and eventually, 
Fitch manages to show that the genial, slightly 
klutzy star of the television kitchen is in fact a 
driven, complicated woman, who has had a re- 
markable life. 

The professional part of that life is well known to 
generations of fans. Her first cookbook, “Mas- 
tering the Art of French Cooking.” in 1961, started 
a career that led to nine more books and 329 
television shows, including die “French Chef’ 
series on PBS that started in 1963. She has also 
written numerous articles on cooking for Parade, 
McCall’s. Food & Wine and The Boston Globe. 

In all, it has been a prodigious amount of work 

J«o Bwwj-Thr N-w lark Tim*/ l<W 

Julia Child making lobster soup at home. 

“It was courage and love for Paul to marry J ulia 
whom everybody noticed. He never wanted to be 
noticed. It was not just that be was shy, but he loved 
Julia and wanted the tight on her." 

Julia McWilliams met Paul Child in what was 
then Ceylon during World War II when both were 
in the Office of Strategic Services, the predecessor 
of the Central Intelligence Agency. 

He was an artist, a writer, a linguist, a teacher, a 
polo player, a photographer, a former lumbajack 
and furniture maker. It was he who first stirred her 
interest in food when he took her to restaurants in 

Provence in France. Her January 1966 book roy- 
alties of $19,000 for “Mastering die Art of French 
Cooking” paid for half of it 

For the next 20 years, they spent six months each 
year in France. 

Now, she spends the winter in Santa Barbara, 
California, an hour or so north of Pasadena, where 
she was bom and raised. The couple had once 
planned to retire to Santa Barbara. Now, she has no 
plans to retire — ever. “Retired- people are bor- 
ing,” she said. 

A friend described her attitude toward work 
more starkly in the biography: “Julia is afraid of 
death. She thinks that if she retires she’ll die.” 

Indeed, by using the past tense throughout the 
book, Fitch does indeed give the impression that 
Child is no longer with us. 

But Julia Child is very much alive. Slightly bent 
now, she no longer stands at the commanding 6 feet 
2 inches (184 centimeters) she once did, and she 
moves more slowly from catting board to table to 
sink. But her mind is as alert, and her engagement 
book is fuller than it was a decade or two ago. 

“I seem to have less time to myself than J ever 
did," she said, ‘Everyone seems to want me.” 

She has been on the road for months, promoting 
her current television series for PBS, “Baking with 
Julia. ” She is spending part of October in Naples on 
a brief break before going to Venice to give a 
cooking course at the Cipriani HoteL 

“I still travel,” she said. “But it’s not much fiin 
doing it alone, certainly not as much as when Paul 
was alive.” During their life together, the Childs 
were rarely separated. 

Part of her immense appeal has always been her 
lack of pretension, her willingness to make mis- 
i. “It’s OX ‘ 

B USINESS has been boom- 
ing in Wahoo, Nebraska, 
since late-night talk show host 
David Letterman decided last 
year to move his fictional 
home office from Grand Rap- 
ids, Michigan, to the town of 
about 4,000 people. “We ac- 
tually have tourists now,” said 
Helen Skxip, manager of a 
surplus store that sells Letter- 
man T-shirts . and bumper 
stickers. A must-see site is the 
official home office: a phone 
booth on die comer of Fifth 
and Broadway. 


Jane Alexander, the chair- 
man of the National Endow- 
ment for the Arts, is expected 
to announce this week that she 
is leaving the embattled 
agency. The announcement, 
sources said, might happen as 
early as Wednesday, the fourth 
anniversary of the actress’s 
swearing-in as bead of the cul- 
tural agency and jurt days after 
it was spared a promised death 
by its opponents on Capitol 
HflL Alexander has been Letterman, the man who put Wahoo on the map. 

takes. “It’s OX,” she will say, fumbling before a 
television audience of millions, “no one is look- 
ing.” In person, she sums up her attitude this way: 
“If I can do it, you can do it.” 

Which is not quite true. No demonstration, no 

Ceylon and later in China when they were stationed 

, . ■ . , _ , - . _ - there - And it was his interest in French food that , M^muuouauuu, ao sians oi 

for a woituin from a privileged California back- prompted her to learn to cook when they were television show, no cooking class takes place with- African 

“SSjiW?-. ...... out meticulous preparation Jfer firet bewk took 10 


praised during her tenure by 
supporters of the agency as one who rallied the 
disparate American arts co mmuni ty in the face 
of claims of elitism and immorality. 


Of the “65 men and women who shape and 
rale the world,” 29 are Americans, according 
to a list in the October issue of Vanity Fair 
magazine. President Bill Clinton is on the 
list, along with Vice President AI Gore, 
Sandy Berger, the national security adviser, 
and General John Shalikashvili, the forma: 
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Tycoons 
do well, including George Soros, Rupert 
Murdoch, BUI Gates, Warren Buffett and 
Michael Eisner. The classification also in- 
cludes 13 Europeans, eight Latin Americans, 
six Middle Easterners, four Asians, two Rus- 
sians, one Canadian, an Australian and an 

had no plans for her life until she met Paul Child. 
Their 48-year marriage, which ended at his death in 
May 1994. was a true love story, and her husband's 
influence on her is made clear in the book. 

A friend from the couple's Paris days told Fitch: 

In I960, he retired from the Foreign Service and 
gradually became his wife's road manager, agent, 
traveling companion and general factotum, wash- 
ing dishes at her demonstrations if no one else was 

years to produce with her French co-authors, Si- 
mone Beck and Louisette Bertfaolle. Recipes were 
tested over and over. 

“It had to be,” Child said the other day. “A 
cookbook is only as good as its poorest recipe.” 


After two years in hiding, the Spanish film 
maker Pedro Almodovar has come out with 
‘'Live Flesh,” a thriller about a triangle of 
passion between a paraplegic policeman, his 

Every country has its own AT&T Access Number which 
makes calling home or to other oountries really easy, 
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Calling Card. It’ll help you avoid outrageous phone 
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wife and an ex-con. "This is the most dis- 
turbing film I have made, and it is the one that 
has distuibed me the most.” he said. 1 


Danielle House, a former Miss Ca nad a Io- ’ 
teraationaJ who was stripped of her title in July 
after her conviction on charges relating to a : 
barroom brawl that left another woman with a s, 
broken nose, will grace the cover of Playboy’s * 
December issue. House, 20, was given a sus-p 
pended sentence and a year’s probation for. the 1,1 
attack on a former boyfriend’s new girifrieod. 


Mc, er names like Antosha and 
Man Without Spleen. But his real name was v 
Anton Chekhov, and the November issue of 
Harper ’s.magazine will feature nine so-called ' ~ 
lost stones by the Russian playwright and 
novelist that have never been published in 
English. The stories were unearthed by Peter » 
Constantine, a Chekhov expert, while poring : 
over yellowed volumes of late 19 th-century 
Russian literary journals, where be recog* 
mzed the bylines as Chekhov pen names. 

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