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The World’s Daily Newspaper 




INTERNATIONAL 



ISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Paris, Monday, October 13, 1997 



No. 35,650 


AFP 


Gerry Adams, the Sinn Fein leader. 

Blair Is Likely 
To See Adams 

Rental 

BELFAST — Prime Minister Tony 
£ Blair is expected to meet Gerry Adams. 
* leader of Sinn Fein, the IRA’s political 
aim, during a visit to Northern Ireland 
on Monday, political sources in the 
province said Sunday. 

A British government source con- 
finned the visit, saying: “The prime 
minister will be here tomorrow. He will 
be visiting various parts of die province, 
and will be meeting a fairly wide range 
of people.” 

Political sources said Mr. Blair would 
meet leaders of aU the political parties 
taking part in Northern Ireland peace 
talks. Sinn Fein joined the raIVs two 
weeks ago following a cease-fire dec- 
laration by die Irish Republican Army. 

The visit has generated newspaper 
speculation over whether Mr. Blair will 
{ “■ shake the hand of Mr. Adams, and 
\ thereby infuriate Protestant loyalists 
who want the province to remain Brit- 
ish. 




All Abroad! 
A Surge in 
Expatriate 
Americans 


By Brian Knowlton 

International Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — They are the 
entrepreneurs who rushed to post- 
Co mm unist Poland to test the warns 
of opportunity, the Jewish students 
who went to Israel for junior years 
abroad and could not bring themselves 
to leave, the retirees stretching their 
Social Security dollars in Mexico and 
the Greek- Americans returning to an- 
cestral homes. 

They are the Americans abroad, and 
their number is soaring in a time when 
travel is unblinkingly routine, com- 
munications easy and instant^ anH tele- 
commuting a serious option. They are 
abroad in a world where they can 
watch the Super Bowl live from a 
Moscow sports bar or send an e-mail 
from an Internet cafg in Prague. 

In the last 30 years, their number has 
more than quadrupled. Just since 
1990, the number of civilians abroad 
has risen nearly by half, to 33 million 
from 23 million, according to the 
State Department 

The actual total could be even higher 
— 4 million to 5 millio n, perhaps 
more, according to groups represent- 
ing the interests of Americans abroad. 

The State Department estimate ex- 
cludes U.S. government employees, 
the 400,000 American troops on active 
duty abroad (plus 150,000 afloat) and 
the hundreds of thousands of depend- 
ents and Defense Department civilian 
employees outside the country. There 

See AMERICANS, Page 6 


Americans Abroad 

The number of Americans living 
abroad has more than quadrupled in 
the past 30 years as Americans retire 
in countries where living costs are 
lower, return to their ancestral homes 
or move abroad to do business or 
pursue other activities. Canada and 
Mexico are the countries most favored 
by expatriate Americans, followed by 
Britain, Israel, Poland, Italy and 
Germany. 

Where Most Expatriate 
Americans Live 



Italy 


Germany 


Philippines 


France 


Dominican Republic 


Greece 


Japan 


Australia 


® Ireland 


(© South Korea 

lISSB 

© Switzerland 


{§) Netherlands 

gllll 

(®) Belgium 

SUM 

(H Colombia 

ippisl 

@ Venezuela 

SpB 

0 Costa Rica 

MB 


Spain 


China 


9,890 


Saud Arabia 


Russia 


7,350 


Hong Kong 


Bermuda 


4,250 


Taiwan 


Vietnam 


2,900 


Source: StatB Department estimates based an report? by consulates and embassies. 
Mttary and government personnel not Mudod. 


orr 


A Global Odd Couple at the Table 


By Barry James 

International Herald Tribune 


BRUSSELS — American and Euro- 
pean negotiators will meet in Brussels 
this week to try to solve their dispute 
over “extraterritoriality” — the long 
reach of the U.S. Congress to impose 
sanctions on European companies that 
deal with Cuba and Iran. 

The talks will unfold in the aftennath 
of similarly contentious trans- At la nti c 
issues, including hormone contrail in 
beef, aviation market dominance by 
Boeing and trade in bananas. 

Although the troubles with Washing- 
/ ton have galvanized some unity among 
European nations, they routinely reveal 
how sluggish and bureaucratic the Euro- 
pean foreign policy mechanism can be 
when compared with the way a single 
powerhouse like the United States moves 
diplomatically, experts say. 

With 15 nations looking over its 
shoulder, four virtual “foreign minis- 
ters'' who do not always see eye to eye, 
and a seriously overstretched bureaucra- 


cy, the European Commission, the EU's 
executive body, often has difficulty per- 
suading the rest of the world that Europe 
has a serious foreign policy. 

The European community has always 
been seen as an economic giant but 
lacking political clout. 

The Treaty on European Union in 
1993 endowed Europe with a common 
foreign and security policy, but the treaty 
recognizes that such a policy would not 
be effective until members saw it as a 
means of furthering their own interests 
along with those of die community. 

Officials concede it may be a long time 
before that happens, especially for coun- 
tries such as France and Britain, which 
have lost their cokmies but still have 
global foreign policy pretensions. 

Europe’s foreign-policy successes 
and failures have often been measured 
in comparison with America, its closest 
ally but at times its most irksome rivaL 

Officials on both sides describe the 
trans-Atlantic relationship as extraor- 
dinarily close — far closer, in fact than 
the EU's relations with the countries in 


Eastern and Central Europe that are 
applying for membership. 

Trans-Atlantic trade is measured in 
trillions rather than billions of dollars, 
“and in many respects we have a single 
market with the United States,” a com- 
mission official says. 

TheU.S. effort to sanction companies 
trading with Tehran has been chal- 
lenged by Total S A, the French oil com- 
pany whose $2 billion contract to ex- 
tract natural gas from an Iranian field 
has the support of the government in 
Paris and other EU members. 

They are furious with threats by the 
United States to sanction European 
companies under the D’Amato law, 
which authorizes sanctions against 
American subsidiaries of any company 
that invests more titan $20 million in 
Iran, and tire Helms-Burton Act, which 
calls for punishing foreign companies 
that hold property seized from Amer- 
ican by Cuba. 

Although U.S. officials are re- 
See TALKS, Page 6 


A 


Assassination: Israelis See the Need 


By Barton Gellman 

Washington Post Service 


JERUSALEM — In the national 
mortification over a failed assassina- 
tion attempt in Jordan, Israelis are 
dissecting every tactical, technical and 
procedural flaw in the affair. Strik- 
ingly absent from the debate, 
however, is a question that might be 
expected elsewhere: Should the gov- 
ernment be in the business of dis- 
patching assassins to kill its enemies 
abroad? 

For Israeli Jews, profoundly insec- 
ure in their 50th year of statehood, the 
answer appears to be self-evident. No 
mainstream politician or columnist, 
from right to farthest left, has ques- 
tioned Israel 's entitlement: to hunt 
down accused terrorists such as 
Khaled Meshal, chief of the militant 
Islamic group Hamas's political bu- 
reau in Amman. 

That is unusual among democracies 
with roots in the Western traditions of 
individual rights and the rule of law. In 
England, allegations of a shoot-to-kill 
policy by British troops against the 


Irish Republican Army caused a scan- 
dal in the mid-1980s. In die United 
States, the backlash against CIA abus- 
es unearthed by the Church committee 
led to a legal ban on assassinations in 
1976. 

Israeli law not only sanctions as- 
sassination but has regularized it to 
some extent At roughly tire time that 

NEWS ANALYSIS ~ 

the U.S. Congress passed the assas- 
sination ban, then-Prime Minister 
Golda Meir set up twin committees — 
a forum of secret service chiefs known 
by its Hebrew acronym. Vanish, and a 
panel of government ministers known 
as the X Committee — to vet can- 
didates for assassination by the 
Mossad, Israel's espionage agency. 

What has aroused debate in Israel is 
not tire Sept 25 attempt to poison Mr. 
Meshal but rather its spectacular fail- 
ure. To obtain the freedom of two 
captured Mossad agents, Prime Min- 
ister Benjamin Netanyahu agreed 
to provide the antidote for the nerve 
agent that otherwise would have 


killed Mr. Meshal within two days. 

Relations chilled with Jordan and 
with Canada, whose forged passports 
tire Mossad agents had carried. 
Hamas, the “snake” whose “head” 
Israeli officials said they had been 
trying to cut off, emerged far stronger 
when Mr. Netanyahu was forced to 
release' its founder, Sheikh Ahmed 
Yassin, from an Israeli prison. 

One measure of the Israeli political 
dialogue, and the assumptions shared 
by those who take part in it, was aradio 
interview given by Alex Lubotsky, a 
member of Parliament from tire 
middle-of-the-road Third Way party. 
The issue he was addressing was not 
whether Israel should engage in as- 
sassinations, but whether it should do 
so in friendly countries such as 
Jordan. 

“It’s very easy to say you shouldn’t 
do it in countries with which we have 
relations.” Mr. Lubotsky said. “The 
first commitment of a government is to 
the security of its people. Unfortu- 
nately we don’t live in a normal coun- 


See ISRAEL, Page 11 


AGENDA 

Clinton Inquiry 
Is Now ‘Massive’ 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — 
Attorney General Janet Reno said 
Sunday that she was mounting one 
of tire most complex investigations 
in U.S. history to determine wheth- 
er to seek an independent counsels 
probe President Bill Clinton’s 
fund-raising activities. 

She said she might interview Mr. 
Clinton as part of the “massive 
ongoing c riminal investigation that 
I’m going to see takes us where tire 
evidence is.” 

Ms. Reno said that tire video- 
tapes of Mr. Clinton’s coffee meet- 
ings with supporters had not yet 
yielded evidence of criminal con- 
duct 



Attorney General Reno leaving 
a TV studio interview Sunday. 


Books..... 

Crossword 

Opinion 

Sports 


Page 9. 

— .. Page 9. 

Page 8. 

— Pages 18-20. 


Thelntenrwket 


Page IQ. 


The IHT on-line vvw.v.ihi.com 


With an Eye on Trade, 
Clinton Hits the Road 

Weeklong South America Trip 
Aimed at Broader Economic Ties 


By Paul Blustein 

Washington Post Service 


WASHINGTON — President Bill 
Clinton left here Sunday for Venezuela 
on the start of his first trip to South 
America, a region his aides say is loaded 
with economic potential for the United 
States. 

Mr. Clinton’s weeklong schedule, 
aimed at broadening U.S. economic ties 
in tire region, also includes stops inBrazil 
and Argentina, which have by far tire 
largest economies in South America. 

White House officials are clearly 
eager to showcase a transformed con- 
tinent. South America, they say, has 
become the world’s' fastest-growing 
market for U.S. exports. 

But some economists note that for all 
the recent growth in the region, it ac- 
counts for only 7 percent of U.S. trade if 
Mexico, which has a separate free-trade 
agreement with the United States and 
Canada, is excluded. 

The Clinton aides, for their part, point 
out that South America haa more than 
$1 trillion in gross domestic product and 
a potential consumer market of more 
than 320 milli on people. 

Fueling their enthusiasm is a desire to 
promote the president's bid for anthor- 
■ jty to negotiate new trade agreements. 

Mr. Clinton wants to use that au- 
thority to extend free trade beyond Mex- 
ico and Canada to the rest of Latin 
America and the Caribbean, so admin- 
istration officials are touting South 
America as a lucrative market that the 
United States must embrace before rival 
powers carve it up for themselves. 

“Our exports to the region are grow- 
ing at twice the rate that they are to any 
other region in the world," said Thomas 
McLarty, the president’s special envoy 
for the Americas. 

“The prime minis ters of Japan, 

nim^^jy MpandCanartii. giidltF.nrK- 

idents of South Korea and France, nave 
all traveled to South America this year,” 
Mr. McLarty added. “Our competitors 
are trying to seize markets that are nat- 
urally ours. We will lose if we do not 
engage our neighb ors to the south." 

Such portrayals reflect tire remark- 
able economic revival that Brazil, Ar- 
gentina and many other South American 
nations have staged in the 1990s. But 
other analysts caution that South Amer- 
ica’s importance as a market should not 
be exaggerated, as Mexico’s sometimes 
was by proponents of the North Amer- 


Shell Studies 
Big Gas Line 
Across Iran 


By David B. Ottaway 
and Dan Morgan 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The British 
Dutch energy conglomerate . Royal 
Dutch/Shell is negotiating to build a $23 
billion gas pipeline across northern Iran, 
according to diplomatic sources. 

The project would be the secondreceat 
midtibUlion-dollar project by a European 
oil company involving a large energy 
deal with the Tehran government. 

The project would cany natural gas 
from Turkmenistan, a forma 1 Soviet re- 
public, to Turkey and Western Europe 

U-S. carrier enters Golf. Page 11. 

and would be a breakthrough in efforts 
to export tire vast resources of the Caspi- 
an Sea region. 

Following an announcement Sept- 28 
by tite French oil company Total that it 
planned to join in investing $2 billion in 
Iranian offshore gas fields, the deal rep- 
resents a farther challenge to the Pin ton 
administration’s attem p ts to isolate Tran 

However, Washington decided in Ju- 
ly that a trans-Iranian gas pipeline 
would not be a direct violation of a U.S. 
trade law mandating sanctions against 
companies investing more titan $20 mil- 
lion a year in Iran's energy sector. 

This, officials explained, was because 

See SHELL, Page 15 


jean Bee Trade Agreement during the 

1993 debate over NAFTA. 

A recent study by the Congressional 
Research Service, for example, noted: 
“Latin America is a relatively poor re- 
gion and, excluding Mexico, makes up 
only 7 percent of U.S. trade," even 
though it includes several sizable coun- 
tries that are “considered among the 
more promising emerging markets' ’ in 
the world. 

“I think there's a good case to be 
made for free trade with Latin Amer- 
ica," said Greg Mastel a trade spe- 
cialist with the Economic Strategy In- 
stitute. ‘ ‘But it’s not one that lends itself 
to hyperbole.” 

Indeed, U.S. business has been ad- 
vancing so rapidly into South America 
and the Caribbean that at first blush, 
a free trade agreement might seem 

See CLINTON, Page 6 

New Brazil 
Awaits the 
President 

Nation's Progress 
Promotes Stability 

By Anthony Faiola 

Washington Post Service 

BRASILIA — In the heart of this 
capital city, tire Palace of tire High Plat- 
eau, Brazil's equivalent of the White 
House, has often stood as a national 
monument to dashed hopes. Leaders, 
many of them military dictators, would 
issue bold but empty promises from 
these stark white bulls as rite poor grew 
poorer and corruption infested tire 
palace. 

But as President Bill Clinton prepares 
for his first visit to Brazil, beginning 
Monday, he will find in these same halls 
a new sense of credibility, stability and 
upward mobility taking root in Latin 
America’s largest nation. 

The shift stems, experts say, from a 
good-humored, democratically elected 
intellectual. President Fernando Hen- 
rique Cardoso, who has won domestic 
popularity and international respect for 
tire economic and political transforma- 
tion he has set in motion in Brazil — a 
country bigger than tire continental 
United States and with a population 
greater titan Russia’s. 

Brazil's new order, although still fra- 
gile, holds strong implications for Mr. 
Clinton and the United States, which is 
discovering that this nation is demand- 
ing a more equal footing with Wash- 
ington. Brazil is muscling into the role 
of the hemisphere's second voice on the 
world stage, seeking a permanent sear 
on tire United Nations Security Council. 
And, as the core of a fast-growing trad- 
ing bloc called Mercosur, a South 
American variant of the European Un- 
ion, it has succeeded in influencing pol- 
itics and economics throughout the re- 
gion. 

Indeed, one of Mr. Clinton’s missions 
here will be to sell the Brazilians on a 
Free Trade Area of the Americas, 
something tire Brazilians fear may hurt 
theif economy if put into effect too 
quickly, and, expats say, they could 
easily block. 

“When Nixon came here in the 
1970s, he said, ‘Where Brazil goes, 
Latin America goes,' ” said Alexandre 
Banos, a Brazilian political analyst 
“At tire time, it was just flattery,” but 
“Nowit’s true.” 

Mr. Cardoso, who came to power in 

1994 after a long line of disappointing 
adm i ni strations, -including the im- 
peached Fernando Collor de Mcllo, is 
credited with ending hyperinflation, 
opening np the economy and restoring a 
measure of faith in this country’s 
highest office. His approval rating 
stands above 60 percent, one of the 
highest in South America, and pundits 
say his road to re-election next October 
likely will be softer than the cheese 
bread so popular here. 

See BRAZIL, Page 6 


Newatano Price* 


1000 FF Lebanon LL 3.000 

$ TZ50 FF Morocco.. 16 Dh 

tMl-lJOO c» Q* 1 * ,ao ° 

_£E&S0 Rfcnion 1Z5QFF 

b Z.~10.QQ FF Saudi Aiabia..-...10 SR 
J.100CFA Seneflal...-l.1QQCTf 

800 Lha Spain 225Ptes 

"oast- 1-2500* Tlmtefe 1.250 Dm 

f^ll^SOJD UA E. 10,00 Dh 

a"" —700 fls U-S- MU (Eue)— S1.20 


In Enignwtic North Korea, the Case of the Disappearing Famine 



By Nicholas D. Kristof 

New York Times Sendee 

TOKYO — North Korea is like a 
kaleidoscope. ■ 

Turn the wheel a bit and you see 
horrific images of skeletal children and 
warnings that hundreds of thousands of 
people are dying of starvation. Turn it 
tire other way and you see energetic 
peasants and suggestions that there is no 
famine at all. 

Last week, this kaleidoscopic country 


formally acquired a new leader, Kim 
Jong H, who was name d Wednesday as 
the general secretary of tire ruling 
Workers Party. Mr. Kim is himself a 
cipher, and one of the great puzzles of 
Asia today is simply this: Is he presiding 
over widespread famine? 

It is a subject debated by Korea ex- 
perts, with huge numbers of lives perhaps 
at stake. But one dung that many agree rat 
is that food stocks seem to have improved 
significantly in the last few months. 

There may be pockets of famine, but 


the harvest has begun and hundreds of 
thousands of tons of foreign aid have 
apparently alleviated the worst of the 
suffering — for now. While the public 
perception of North Korea is still of 
starving children in orphanages, that is 



may have in fact helped 

avert one. 

“People are looking much better than 
we .expected," said Namanga N* 
deputy executive director of tire Wt 


Food Program, passing through Japan 
after a visit.ro North Korea. “People are 
not looking in great shape, but they are 
not keeling over, either.” 

Stephen Union, a Korea scholar and 
aid worker who has made about 25 trips 
to North Korea, said that on his latest 
visit, late last raonih, conditions had 
clearly improved. “It was better than 
when I was there in August,” he said. . 
“And August was better than June, and 
June was better than May.” 

“I’ve been kind of bewildered by all 


the attention tire famine has gotte 
lately,” he added, “because this is th 
time of year when tire situation is at ii 
best. Tlus is when they have the mo< 
surplus food.” 

North Korea is ratherbewildering, ] 
may well be tire second most remot 

place in the solar system, after Pluto. 

people are allowed into North Korea c 
to travel around the countryside, so ther 
is no dear reality to this country, only 

See FAMINE, Page 4 





INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, HONDA!', OCTOBER 13, 1997 



PAGE TWO 


‘Be Like Che’ / A Symbol of Unify 


In Guevara, Cubans See 
A Signpost to the Future 


H AVANA — These are times of extreme 
hardship in Cuba. And for Carmen Al- 
meida. the photo image that hangs in her 
bedroom of revolutionary Ernesto (Che) 
Guevara lying dead, his lifeless eyes staring at the 
heavens, heartens her as she deals with die food 
rations, power outages and endless waits for buses 
that are the withering rituals of her existence. 

“In Che, I have found a kind of god because he 
embodies such sacrifice, the ultimate sacrifice, 
which was death," the 33-year-old teacher said. 
“When I seek inspiration to go on, this is what I see 
in his corpse. In mis period of our history, when we 
are facing a tough economic crisis, we need to 
follow his principles of struggle and hope. We need 
the strength of Che." 

In one of the world’s most closed political sys- 
tems and few remaining socialist economies, 
Guevara remains a potent symbol of hope and unity 
— one that the government has tirelessly exploited 
in the post year. 

Hie importance of Guevara's legacy to so many 
Cubans was played out Saturday as hundreds of 
thousands of people such as Mrs. Almeida descended 
on Revolution Square to pay homage to the guerrilla 
icon. He fought alongside Fidel Castro to topple the 
dictator Fulgencio Batista and bring communism to 
this island nation four decades ago. Later he was in 
charge of the army's execution of war criminals. 

Music praising the doctor- turned -rebel was piped 
through large speakers as admirers hoisted Cuban 
flags and banners emblazoned with portraits of 
Guevara and revolutionary slogans. 

Under a towering steel mural depicting the Ar- 
gentine-bom revolutionary with his customary 
flowing hair, beard and beret, throngs of people 
endured long lines to briefly pass by the boxes 
bolding remains of Guevara and six of his comrades. 
The rebels were captured and executed in a moun- 
tain hamlet in Bolivia in 1967 while trying to export 
revolution there and elsewhere in South America. 

Inside the Jose Marti Memorial perched atop 
Revolution Square, a stream of people somberly 
filed past the remains of the seven fighters, which 
were kept in brown wooden boxes and draped with 
flags. Soldiers stood at attention. At one point, a 
weeping woman knelt down and kissed the box 
bearing Guevara's name. All the remains will be 
moved ro a recently completed mausoleum in Che 
Guevara Square in the central town of Santa Clara, 
the site of the decisive battle led by Guevara that 
would overthrow General Batista’s regime. 

After Guevara's body disappeared following his 
death at the age of 39, some of his bones were 
discovered by a forensic team in a secret Bolivian 


By Serge F. Kovaleski 

Wtahingion Pan Service 


grave and returned to Cuba 
in July. Thar set die stage for 
an elaborate stale commem- 
oration of the “30th An- 
niversary of the Death In 
Combat of the Heroic Guer- 
rilla and His Comrades’ ’ that 
was started Saturday and will 
culminate Friday when tbe 
remains are interred. 

The outpouring of rever- 
ence for Guevara comes 
when Cuba is facing pressing 
questions about the future of 
its socialist stale model. A 
severe economic crisis has 
developed because of the fell 
of communism in tbe Soviet, 
bloc and of punitive mea- 
sures imposed on this Carib- 
bean country by die United 
Stales through an embargo 
and the Helms-Bortoo Act. 


B UT THE aura of 
Guevara, who is af- 
fectionately re- 
ferred to simply as 
Che, has been a welcomed 
counterweight in this period 1,1 
of uncertainty. Many Cubans Some of the se i 

say they have found solace 
andreaffinnationiofoeideo- gwi'ipse *>J the 
logical fervor and strong will He 'provided u 

of a man who was a prolific 

writer and a student of eco- 
nomics while also helping peasants cut sugar cane. 

“Che is our guide in work, study and as a 
communist revolutionary." said Maria Gomez, 50, 
holding her 4-year-old grandson, while they waited 
in line to pay their respects. “We all want our 
children to be like Che. 

President Castro has used Guevara's stature as a 
national symbol to his advantage. He opened the 
Fifth Congress of the Communist Party on Wednes- 
day on the anniversary of the rebel’s capture and 
closed foe gathering on foe eve of foe opening of foe 
commemoration. 

Moreover, the government recently initiated a 
“Be Like Che" campaign to counter the lack of 
interest in communism among some Cuban teen- 
agers and displayed a large picture of Guevara 
during the 14th World Festival and Conference of 
Youth and Students held in August 

‘ 'He gave his life in the struggle for foe liberty of 
our people," Elisa Espment 13, an eighth-grader 
and one of many teenagers who turned out at 
Revolution Square. “I wish 'more people around tbe 





Some of the several thousand Cubans waiting to get a 
glimpse of the revolutionary hero’s remains in Havana. 
He 'provided us with a good path to follow one said. 


world would follow his example of how to change 
things for the better. He has provided us with a good 
path to follow.” 


S OME say Guevara’s popularity is, in part, 
because he was a foreigner who devoted 
himself to Cuba’s revolution and foe spread 
of co mmunism worldwide — dying at a 
young age while pursuing those ideals. He was also 
an indefatigable guerrilla despite who suffered from 
asthma and turned to co mmunis m after growing op 
in an eccentric family of Argentine aristocrats. 
Since an extended tribute to Guevara began a 


year ago, the government has saturated foe public 
with news and promotions about him. 


with news and promotions about him. 

In a news conference held this week, Guevera’s 
daughter, Aleida Guevara March, said, * There are 
many opportunists who are exploiting an image, 
and that of course is bothersome. But concerning 
foe young men and women who are wearing shirts 
with his image, we think it means something to them 
that he can stay with them — and that is good." 


Out of Necessity, Cuba Crawls Toward Change 


H AVANA — Faced with tbe uncomfortable 
options of moving ahead or turning back, 
Cuba’s Communist Party has seemingly 
opted to do neither. At a foree-day party 
congress that ended here last week with chants of 
“Fi-del! Fi-del!” President Fidel Castro and his 
advisers and followers endorsed policies intended to 
maintain die status quo for as long as possible. 

Since foe party hierarchy last gathered in 1991, 
sheer necessity has forced Mr. Castro to seek for- 
eign investment in state companies, allow some 
limited seif-employment and permit the use of the 
dollar as a parallel currency. The party congress 
approved all of those moves, but balked at taking 


By Larry Rohter 

iWii »■ York Times Sen-ice 


made it dear that he opposed privatizing state 
enterprises, a step ordered by foe Chinese party at its . 
congress last month, or allowing workers who 
might lose jobs by such an action to set up busi- 
nesses of their own. 

“We have no reason to create millionaires, to 
create enormous inequalities,” Mr. Castro said. As 
Mamst-Leninists, he added, ‘ ‘we fight not to create 
individual millionaires, but to make foe citizenry as 
a whole into millionaires. ’ ' 

At a news conference foe day before the congress 


people of foe modem world.” 

Despite growing concerns outside Cuba about a 


lack of mechanisms to groom possible successors to 
Mr. Castro, the party proved nearly as cautious on 
matters of personnel and leadership as in dealing 
with foe economy. 


Though eight people were dropped in the re- 
taping of foe Politburo, the party’s most powerful 


opened, Esteban Lazo Cardenas, the party secretary 
for Havana and a member of the Politburo, said 
Cuba could not take foe same path as China because 
“conditions are completely different" here. The 
Chinese have “an economy based in foe coun- 
tryside,” he said and “there is also a difference of 
magnitude” that permits China more latitude to 
experiment economically. 

“If we take these steps, bow can we keep health, 
education and public welfare free?" Mr. Lazo asked 
“Thai comes out of foe profits of stale enterprises." 

In addition, he said China does not nave to 
contend with foe hostility of the United States. 
While some economic experimentation is worth 
considering, be said “foe blockade and foe effort to 
drown us don’t permit that right now." 

In Washington, James Rubin, the State Depart- 
ment spokesman, said foe tone of foe party congress 
here conveyed “a sense of a certain time warp.” 
Mr. Rubin said of Mr. Castro’s 6-hour-43-minute 
opening address Wednesday that “no matter how 
many times you play foe same old movie, it’s not 
going to change foe desires and foe needs of foe 


further steps that might open up foe economy or 
reduce government control. 


reduce government control. 

“The slate continues having the guiding capacity 
in directing foe economy, and under any formula, 
therefore, its interests will be adequately repre- 
sented." proclaims foe economic policy statement 
the congress approved. 

The document also supports "space for foe func- 
tioning of market mechanisms under state reg- 
ulation” and speaks of foe need to “avoid mono- 
polistic prices and unjustifiable profits" foal might 
result from a faster economic opening. 

Since returning from a visit to China late in 1995, 
Mr. Castro has spoken admiringly to visitors about 
foe results of economic changes there and the 
prosperity they have generated. 

But in his closing address to foe congress here, he 


shaping of foe Pofitburo, the party’s most powerful 
deliberative body, its ideological composition and 
balance of power remain largely unchanged, polit- 
ical analysts here said. 

Most of those removed are members of the gen- 
eration that took power with Mr. Castro in 1959, so- 
called hisroricos such as Vice President Carlos 
Rafael Rodriguez, 84, and Osmany Cienfuegos, 
another longtime associate. 

But also stripped of their posts were Nelson 
Torres, who as minister of sugar is regarded as 
responsible for the failure of this year’s harvest, and 
•Jorge Lezcano, party secretary in Havana when the 
rafter refugee crisis erupted in 1994. 

The six new members include several such tech- 
nocrats add pony bureaucrats. Jose Luis Sierra, a 
40-ish provincial party secretary who was among 
those promoted, described foe final result as “a 
mixture of generations." But Mr. Castro also re- 
affirmed that his younger brother, Raul 66, the 
minister of defense and foe party's longtime No. 2 
leader, remained his designated successor. 

In an unexpected move, the Central Committee's 
membership was cut to 150 members from 225. Rani 
Castro said foe streamlining, which diplomats said 
would enhance foe Castro brothers’ power, should be 
based “not only on representativeness but skin. ” 


V 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Acapulco’s Poor Clamor^ 
For Basics After Storm 




i Bui 


But President Counsels ‘a Little Patience ’ 


By William Claiborne 

Washington Past Service 


ACAPULCO, Mexico — Recover- 
ing after a hurricane, the poorest res- 
idents of Mexico’s best-known tourist 
resort angrily confronted President Ern- 
esto Zedillo over die weekend, demand- 
ing food and water as beleaguered au- 
thorities tried to explain chaotic relief 
efforts and conflicting fatality reports. . 

Mr. Zedillo cut short an official visit 
to Germany and flew here Saturday — 
three days after foe strongest hurricane 
to hit Mexico ’s Pacific Coast in decades 
struck — to meet with disaster relief 
officials and tour damaged areas. 

When victims from foe poorest 
ne ighb orhoods in foe hills overlooking 
foe prosperous tourist area on foe beach 
begged for water and food; he said: “I 
want to ask you for a little patience. 
We’re taking this step by step. * 

Government food subsidy officials 
saiH they were running out of supplies but 
noted that 30.000 more boxes were due to 
arrive. Officials also promised 12 port- 
able water purification plants would be 
delivered Sunday, but residents at shel- 
ters said that shortages woe still acute. 

After touring the coastline in a pres- 
idential helicopter and meeting with se- 
nior officials at Acapulco’s Municipal 
Building, Mr. Zedillo said foe govern- 
ment was doing everything within its 
power to help victims. 

But about 200 protesters gathered 
outside foe building and demanded 
drinking water, food, blankets and other 
supplies. They held a large banner say- 
ing, “Please, we need drinking water 
and food.” The demonstrators tried to 
press forward to speak with Mr. Zedillo, 
but security guards roughly pushed 


them back as he left the building. 

Mr. Zedillo's meeting was bne 
tempted when an opposition f 


deputy from Acapulco, Alberto 
Rosas, tried to talk with the pr 


Rosas, tried to talk with foe presafcni 
about what he said was foe government’s 
failure to anticipate the effects of the 
hurricane designated Pauline and want 
residents as it approached foe city. % 

JT 1*11 1 J nntH kfr 


Zedillo would not talk with Mr. Lopez. 
A tremors to assess the death toll re- 


Attempcs to assess the death tbU re- 
mained imprecise. Officials said accur- 
ate casualty figures in rural areas might 
not be known for weeks, if even ;• 
The Mexican Red Cross backed away 
from its estimate of 400 dead in Acapulco 

A .Marini KMC cnilth nf ftw ritv UtlnJ. J 



and coastal areas south of foe city, whkfcgj 
was more than double foe . figwe oiig.ijj 
inaUy announced by officials of Guenero 
state, of which Acapulco is apart 

Nonetheless, disaster officials- Said 
that in some remote villages victims 
might have been buried without state 
agencies being notified, or entire fam- 
ilies could have been lost 

But even, taking unreported fatalities 
into account, a spokesman for foe Civil 
Protection Agency called foe Red Cross 
toll a “mistake,” saying that public 
prosecutors’ offices across Guerrero 
had reported 107 confirmed deaths. . 

Authorities in neighboring Oaxaca 
state, where foe hurricane first struck 
Wednesday, with winds foot grew ta 
160 kilometers (100 miles) an hooj 
reported 29 confirmed deaths. 

Acapulco began returning to a semb- 
lance of normalcy over the weekend. 
Quagmires of mud and debris continued 
to make some streets impassable, but 
cleaning crews — augmented by start 
troops using shovels — appeared to be 
makin g headway in reopening major 
thoroughfares. 



Brazzaville Says It Repels du.kii \ 
Invasion From Angola . joi'H " 




CempUrd by Our Staff FaxnDUpatrha 

KINSHASA;, Congo — The Congo 
Republic's military high command said 
Sunday that Angolan troops backing its 
militia rivals had attacked foe country’s 
south, but claimed that they had been 
pushed back. 

“It is true foe Angolan Army invaded 
from Cabinda," a military spokesman 
said. “They were heading toward Loud- 
ima but were scattered by airborne at- 
tacks,” referring to one of two' southern 
towns rebel forces claimed to have 
taken. 

The spokesman, denying other 
claims by the militia of the former mil- 
itary ruler. Denis Sassoa-Nguesso, said 
government troops still controlled the 
international airport in the capital, 
Brazzaville, and mat heavy fighting was 
continuing in foe city center. 

He denied that foe southern towns of 
Loudima and Dolisie had been taken by 
General Sassou-Nguesso’s militia, as 
claimed by its military commander. 

“The progress of the rebels has been 
stopped,” the spokesman, a colonel, 
said. “We have -chased them away on 
several fronts but they have been send- 
ing in a lot of artillery rounds." 

Fighting in tire south, confirmed by 
an Angolan presidential spokesman in 
Luanda, triggered panic in the econom- 
ically strategic region where Western 
companies, led by Elf Aquitaine of 
France, have major investments. Busi- 
nessmen in Congo’s oil capital, Pointe- 
Noire, until now unaffected by a four- 
month ethnic conflict in Brazzaville, 
said they were considering evacuating 
their families. 

Diplomatic sources in Kinshasa, the 
capital of neighboring Congo, previ- 
ously called Zaire, did not confirm foe 
repents of Angolan involvement but 


said that unidentified soldiers had at- 
tacked Dolisie and Loudima late Sat- 
urday night from the Angolan enclave 
of Cabinda, a piece of Angola wedged 
between Congo and Republic of 
Congo. 

. Loudima is about 230 kilometera 
west of Brazzaville, with Dolisie a fur- 
ther 50 kilometers to foe west 

Dolisie is only a little more than 100 
kilometers from Pointe-Noire, the 
Congo Republics major pari city. 

The reports could not immediately be 
confirmed. 

Officials in President Pascal Us- 
souba’s government confirmed, that 
their forces had fought off the attackers. 

It was not immediately clear if foe at- 
tacking soldiers were from General Sas- 
sou-Nguesso’s “Cobra” militia. . 

President Eduardo Dos Santos of An- 
gola is said to be close to General Sas- 
sou-Nguesso. 

The reports came one day after Mr. 
Lissouba spoke briefly to reporters at 
his presidential palace in Brazzaville, to 

S ove to them chat it had not fallen to foy 
obras. w 

“I am home." Mr. Lissouba said in a 
brief interview, standing midway up a 
palace stairway while foe sound of gun- 
fire echoed in foe distance. “You can 

see that I am home,” he said, adding that 

- the airport was under government con- „ 
trol. 

A visit to the airport confirmed that. t 
On Friday, rhe Cobras had claimed to , 


vu ruuajl, me U)DIS 3 uau LUUlUOi W Li J. 

have captured both places. On Sunday, Jfjlp** 1 1 I 
the sounds of battle continued to rage in tl UiJ f | I 1 1 

RrflZTflvillA nc Pnkmc mnfinncd * M 


Brazzaville, as foe Cobras continued 
their offensive there. 

On Saturday, Mr. Lissouba’ s soldiers 
were obviously in fear of another attack, , 
tiie latest in a civil war that hasjdividetl' 
this country since June. (Reuters, A P/ 


* vt i 


WEATHER 


Pilots 9 Risk: Radiation 


5?eritageof 
yesterday.. .today. 


Hotel Softtel 


TOKYO (Reuters) — Pilots and crews on 
international flights are exposed to doses of 
radiation about three times higher than those 
received by workers at nuclear plants, a Jap- 
anese daily reported Sunday. 

The Japanese Federation of Flight Crew 
Unions said that international crews that flew 
between 700 to 800 hours a year were ex- 
posed to an average of three millisieverts of 
radiation. Tbe average exposure for a tech- 
nician at a Japanese nuclear plant is one 
millisievert, foe paper reported. 


15 NuiQi-iln Stmct. Hanol 
Snci «Lai Rmia Of Yiftnam- 
Tu. . iSJ J, S 2 m* 019 

FMnfti.-IjS.Mfc'Kfl 

E-tun. : Sofmct«TiKtnam.[«jvvn 


Lufthansa and British Midland Airways 
announced that they would extend their cow- 


shoring agreement to include flights between 


London and Dresden beginning Oct. 27. 

( Bloomberg ) 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will be 
closed or services curtailed in the following 
countries and their dependencies this week 
because of national and religious holidays: 

MONDAY: Bahamas. Belize. Bhutan. Burundi, 
Canada. Colombia, Guatemala. Honduras. Puerto Rica 
United States. Virgin Islands. 

TUESDAY: Georgia, Malawi. Yemen, Zaire. 
WEDNESDAY : Bukina Faso. French Guiana. Sri 
Lanka. 

THURSDAY: Burma, I$rjd, Vatican Cily. 
FRIDAY: Haiti, Israel. 

SATURDAY : Azerbaijan. 

Sources: JJP. Morgan, Reuters, Bloomberg. 


Europe 


Forecast for Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by AocuWbather. 


«Dunn arra ias3> 


rasa Low w 
OF OF 
B3/73 18/81 S 


Cop(irti»oir 
Coat* Dal SN 

Dii*l 

Rorarieo 

ftankfun 

fienm 

HeMnM 



Km 

Las Maos 



Are You Prepared ? 

1997 & 1998 Will Generate 
Major Currency Moves. 

These moves will directly affect the value of 
your Portfolio. Prepare yourself to take 
advantage of these moves by calling today. 





SUPERIOR Sefecffon of Managed Accounts 
O UTSTAN DING G/ofttf Currency Analysis 
EXCEPTIONAL Execution Forex or Futures 
MINIM UMS 510,000 to $5,000,000 (USD) 

COMMISSION 2-EFXSortuds Fubmt S12S3$ 


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Worm with shows In the 
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cooler through Thursday. 
Sunny, hot and thy wavi- 
er wfl return to [ha South- 
west, white the Northwest 
will be mostly sunryand 
comfortably warm. Sunny 
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showers in me Southeast 


Europe 

Partly sunny and nice in 
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strong storm will bring 
wind-driven ndn n Ireland 
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Thursday- CoW tn Scandi- 
navia end western Russia 
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Sunny and nice In Beiitng 
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* 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, OCTOBER IS, 1997 


PAGE 3 


THE AMERICAS 


^Halving of Burglaries Lowers U.S. Property Crime Rate to a Global Nor: 


By Fox Butterfield. 

New York. Tima Sen-ice 


SAN DIEGO — With little public 
jotoce, property crime in the United 
^tates has fallen sharply since 1980. 
data from the FBI show, with burglary 
rates down by almost half. That gives 
.New York a lower burglary rate than 

. London, and Los Angeles rawer bura- 
. lanes than Sydney. ° 

The drop in property crime — burg- 
. laiy, larceny and auto thefts — has been 
; obscured by the high level of violent 
' cnmes like murder and robbery, which 
spur calls for tougher sentencing laws. 

The drop in property crime — which 
outnumbers violent crime by 7-to-l — 
bas been so large that die Netherlands, 
' Australia, New Zealand and Canada 
. now have overall crime rates as high as 


that .of the United States and just as 
many criminals per capita, said Pro- 
fessor F ranklin Zimrin g, director of the 
Earl Warren Legal Institute at the Uni- 
versity of California at Berkeley. 

Some explanations for the fall In 
property crime are similar to those given 
by law-enforcement officials and crim- 
inologists for the drop in violent crime 
in the past several years — improved 
police tactics, .a decline in the teenage 
population, greater community involve- 
ment and longer prisoo sentences. 

A numbered experts also cite the great- 
eruse of alarm systems and what many 
see as a crucial element: the switch from 
heroin to crack cocaine among street 
criminals. Crack, unlike heroin, produces 
a brief, intense high, creating an incessant 
need for cash, while burglary is time- 
consuming and generates stolen goods 


that must still be sold to get money. 

“One of the most remarkable things 
about the decline in burglary is that it is 
so substantial that it is unprecedented in 
magnitude compared to any other fluc- 
tuation in crime rates over .the last cen- 
tury,” said Scott Decker, a criminologist 
at the University of Missouri 31 Sl Louis 
and an author of “Armed Robbers in 
Action: Stickups and Street Culture.” 

Though the decline in property crime 
has occurred throughout the United 
States, nowhere has it been. greater than 
in San Diego. From 1980 to the end -of 
1996, the burglary rate in San Diego 
plunged 68 percent and the larceny rate 
tell 37 percent, according to police de- 
partment figures. Larceny includes 
petty thefts like shoplifting, pickpock- 
eting and automobile break-ins. 

Motor-vehicle thefts, the third major 


of property crime counted by the 
U in its annual crime reports, have 
declined 61 percent in San Diego since 
reaching a record high in 1989. 

Jerry Sanders. San Diego's police 
chief, is careful not to claim credit for 
the huge drop in crime. “It's happening 
in so many different cities that are doing 
so many different things,”. he said. “I 
think it is hard to put your finger on 
what's causing the decline.” 

But in addition to the oft-cited causes 
for the drop, Chief Sanders has his fa- 
vorite theory: “As the crime rate comes 
down, it is starting to bring people with 
it.” he said. “They are starting to real- 
ize they themselves can do something 
about it, so.we have lots of citizens out 
solving problems on (heir own.” 

Volunteers are essential to Chief 
Sanders's new style of community-ori- 


ented policing, especially because San 
, Diego, with only 1.7 police officers per 
thousand residents, has the lowest ratio' 
of officers per capita in the nation. New 
York, by comparison, has 52 officers 
per thousand and Washington has 6.84. 

In what law-enforcement experts say 
is a major national trend, San Diego has 
8,000 volunteers who assist its 2,036- 
member police force, including 3,000 
people who patrol their neighborhoods 
m their, cars on weekend nights. 

Mr. Zimring said he thought tire drop 
in property crime underscored a fun- 
damental .point about the U-S. crime 
problem that is widely misunderstood. 

“What we have is not a crime prob- 
lem,” he said, “but a problem of lethal 
violence, which is a special issue, ut- 
terly distinct from the processes that 
determine how much car theft or burg- 


lary we have/' 

London and New York have nearly 
the same population, he said, "but Lon- 
don has 66 percent more thefts and 57 
percent more burglaries than New York. 
Yet London has a robbery rate only one- 
fifth that of New York and a murder rate 
only one-tenth of New York’s. 

• Virtually all the industrial democra- 
cies had huge increases in property 
crime from 1960 to 1990. ranging from 
177 percent in Germany to 600 percent 
in Italy, but in several countries the 
homicide rate fell during those decades. 

Among die reasons for die widespread 
upturn in property crime in (hose coun- 
tries, Mr. Zimring said, are rising af- 
fluence. which creates mere property to 
steal, better police reporting, and a larger 
number of women wolfing, leaving 
fewer people at home to deter burglars. 




4? 





x 


Rodney 'Wiate/slic Anodaed Pirn 

TAX MAN — Steve Forbes, who unsuccessfully ran for the 1996 
Republican presidential nomination and whose platform was 
based on a flat tax. speaking at a meeting of lowans for Tax Relief. 

can’t drink Moose Drool/' he wrote, 
“I’ll die/’ With drinkers so loyal, no 
wonder Big Sky decided to fight. 

Short Takes 


AMERICAN 

TOPICS 

Bottling Moose Drool 
Can Get \ou Into Trouble 

Microbreweries bave been busting 
out all over, proving so popular that 
one tongue-in-cheek television ad for 
Miller, one of the nation’s biggest 
brewers, urges viewers to give a 
“good old macrobrew” a chance. 

1 Anyway, with 1,300 microbrew- 
eries across the country, it is getting 
harder to name a beer without hiring 
a lawyer first Consider the case of 
Big Sky Brewing Co. of Missoula, 
Montana, which offered an ale called 
Whistle Pig Red when it opened in 
1995. Oops. There were already two 
Whistling Pig microbrews on the 
market. 

Big Sky dropped the name. But 
even the improbable name it chose 
for a new brown ale. Moose Drool, 
got it in trouble, reports The New 
York Times. Moosehead Breweries 
Ltd. of Canada informed Big Sky that 
it owns the Moose family of names. 

Big Sky, however, decided to 
draw a line in the suds there and 
defend the trademark. One Drool 
drinker sent a postcard to ask Moose- 
head to leave Big Sky alone. “If 1 


In Arkansas, the cost of a phone 
call — 10 cents for decades — is about 
to rise. Pay phone calls long ago rose to 
a quarter in most of the country. Now 
deregulation of pay phone calls has 
reached Arkansas, and most carriers are 
set to boost rales, saying a dime does not 
cover their costs. But Arkansas is 
poorer than most states, and fewer 
people have cellular phones. No one 
seems happy about the increase. “I 
always earned a dime in my dme," said 
Susan Baugh of Jonesboro. “You can’t 
really carry 35 cents in your shoe.” 

One Stanley Stetzer tells The 
New York Times of this recent 
experience ia a bagel bakery: 
When he entered early one Sunday, 
he did not immediately notice that 
all the customers were bunched 
against the wall until a voice by the 
cash register told him to join them. 
He then noticed a man with a gun in 
one hand and a paper bag filled 
with the cash register money in the 
other. After the man fled, Mr. Stet- 
zler approached tire counter and 
asked if he could still get bagels. “I 
hope," the salesperson replied, 
“you have exact change." 

Brian Knowlton 


Republicans Wary of Spotlight on Finance Reform 


By Richard L. Berke 

New York Times Service 


WASHINGTON — After months of 
tales about how fat-cat donors slept in 
the Lincoln Bedroom and mingled at 
(videotaped) coffees at the White 
House, and how the president and vice 
president played central roles in the 
interminable hunt for donations in the 
1996 campaign, it may seem that Re- 
publicans have the upper hand on the 
issue of campaign finance. 

Instead, many Republicans are in- 
creasingly worried that their public re- 
lations drive to denounce President Bill 
Clinton and his fund-raising tactics could 
backfire and even cause them damage in 
next year's congressional elections. 

That's because they' could end. up 
getting what they wanted: the public's 
attention. 

Struggling to balance two contradic- 
tory goals, Republicans are in a bind. 
They want to tar Mr. Clinton and Vice 
Presidem A1 Gore as having driven the 
Democrats to flagrant campaign abuses. 
Yet many Republicans do not want to 
change a system that they have ex- 
ploited at least as well as the Democrats. 
In any case, they lack consensus over 
which change would be for the better. 

If Republicans spark a public outcry 
against the campaign finance practices 
that the Democrats perfected in 1996. 
they could weaken Mr. Clinton polit- 
ically and, perhaps more important. 


threaten Mr. Gore's presidential pros- 
pects. But that very outcry also could 
create pressure for the Republicans who 
control Congress to change a system 
that has benefited them, too. 

Consider the recent testimony of Ro- 
ger Tamraz, the pipeline promoter who 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

was not shy about testifying that he 
expected to win special treatment for 
contributing hundreds of thousands of 
dollars to Democrats. 

When Mr. Tamraz testified, the public 
finally seemed to be paying attention, 
and his testimony may have prodded 
lawmakers to talk more about reform. 
Though Republicans skillfully used Mr. 
Tamraz to dirty up the White House, they 
risked drawing so much attention that 
more people may want Congress to cor- 
rect the problem than to point fingers. 

And that seems to be the last thing 
Republicans want. Last week, the Senate 
Republican leader, Trent Lott, and his 
allies sounded positively gleeful that they 
had managed to block, at least for now, 
consideration of the leading campaign 
finance bill, sponsored by Senators John 
McCain, Republican of Arizona, and 
Russell Feingold, Democrat of Wiscon- 
sin. The bill would ban unregulated soft 
money, which goes to political parties 
rattier than directly to candidates. 

While Republicans risk looking like 
obstructionists, Democrats — Mr.Gin- 


POLITICAL 


ton included — speak with new passion 
about reform. In part to deflect attention 
from the Democrats’ own practices last 
year, the party has rallied around the 
McCain-rangold bill (though a 
weakened version of it). That's left 
some Republicans wondering whether 
their party missed a prime opportunity. 

“It’s damaging for us to be con- 
demning some practices that are ob- 
viously not just illegal but clearly im- 
proper but not yet attempting to do 
something about it,” Mr. McCain said. 
“In all candor, I think the Democrats 
have positional themselves’ very well." 

Senator Arlen Specter, Republican of 
Pennsylvania, who is seeking re-elec- 
tion next year and who signed onto Mr. 
McCain's bill late last month, said the 
Republican assaults on Mr. Clinton 
properly “elevate the seriousness of the 
issue* * of reform but have the effect of 
creating “a potential political downside 
for Republicans.” 

Linda DiValL a Republican pollster, 
described Mr. McCain's bill as Dra- 
conian yet shared his political concerns. 
“We would have a.mnch greater op- 
portunity to control the agenda and be in 
a much stronger position perceptually.” 
Ms. DiVaU said, “if we had a plan that 
was seen as a serious attempt to clean up 
the system." 

Representative Martin Frost, Repub- 
lican of Texas, chairman of the Demo- 
cratic Congressional Campaign Commit- 
tee, and Representative Vic Fazio, 


Democrat of California, chairman of the 
House Democratic Caucus, are blunt in 
Saying riraf eliminating soft money would 
di minis h the prospects of Democratic 
congressional candidates in many states. 

Mr. Frost declared recently that a ban 
on soft money ‘ 1 would have die ultimate 
effect of destroying the political party 
system in this country/' 

Some Republicans say it doesn’t mat- 
ter. Their hope is that if voters focus on 
the issue, they will punish Democrats 
for their behavior — not Republicans 
for their failure to find a solution. 

'Til put the Clinioa-Gore -Johnny 
Cbung-Buddhist-monk-Chinese-arms- 
dealing-T earns te r money-laundering 
scams up against Republican opposition 
to Feingola-McCain any day/ * said Mi- 
chael Murphy, a Republican strategist. 
“If the public tunes in, we’ll win that 
battle because we're the party of mis- 
demeanors and they're the party of 
felonies on campaign finance/' (Polls 
show that most people think both parties 
are guilty of abuses, though the Demo- 
crats slightly more so.) 

Even as the McCain-Feingo Id mea- 
sure founders, some Democrats are 
seizing on the issue. 

Rick Phelps, who is running in a 
Democratic primary for Congress in 
Wisconsin, trailed on his primary op- 
ponents to ban soft money. “We don’t 
have to wait for Congress to show lead- 
ership/' he said. His opponents have 
opted to play by tire current rules. 


Clinton Vetoes Ban 
On Late Abortions 

WASHINGTON — President BiU 
Clinton has vetoed legislation that would 
ban a form of late-ierm abortion, squaring 
off for a political fight that Republicans 
hope will help sustain their congressional 
' majorities in the 1998 elections. 

Mr. Clinton did not announce the veto, 
but issued a written statement late Fri- 
day. 

Mr. Clinton said that he did not support 
this kind of late-term abortion on an elect- 
ive basis but that women could face situ- 
ations that required it The ban contains an 
exemption to save the life of the mother, 
but Mr. Clinton repealed his previous 
pleas for an exception for women whose 
health is seriously threatened. 

“I understand the desire to eliminate 


the use of a procedure that appears in- 
humane,” he said, “But to eliminate it 
without taking into consideration the rare 
and tragic circumstances in which its use 
may be necessary would be even more 
inhumane." 

He also said the measure was uncon- 
stitutional. (NYT) 

Battle Lines Drawn 
Over Line-Item Veto 

WASHINGTON — Congress depar- 
ted late last week for a 10-day Columbus 
Day recess, leaving behind scores of old 
unresolved spending issues and a big new 
one: President Clinton’s line- item veto 
authority. 

Two weeks into the new fiscal year. 
Congress has cleared only seven of the 13 
annual spending bills. But the congres- 


sional uproar ova Mr. Clinton’s use of 
the line-itemveto last Monday to strike 38 
projects from a $9J2 billion fiscal 1998 
military construction spending bill has 
added a controversial 'and complicated 
new layer to the budget process. 

“Basically, this is a political arms race 
between the two branches,'' said Allen 
Schick, a budget expert with the Brook- 
ings Institution. “It's not clear who will 
win at the end.” 

Quote /Unquote 

Hillary Rodham Clinton, whose 
daughter, Chelsea, started college re- 
cently, and whose schedule calls for her to 
spend just two or three nights at the White 
House in the next month, asked if she was 
avoiding the empty nest at home: “You 
can’t know it's empty if you're not ■ 
there." (WP) 


Resdhgntim. 

REALliSTtTE 

Appears every Friday 
in the Lnlennarket 
To advertise contact 
Nina Nieli 

in our London office: 
Tel.: + 44 I 71 420 0325 
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THE WORL1TS D/Utf NEWSPAPER 


Saturn Probe Set to Rise Above Protests Away From Politics 


- 




By Kathy Sawyer 

msfanyO'/i ftar&TTjrf 

WASHINGTON — A 
campaign by anti-nuclear ac- 
tivists failed to halt plans for 
the launch Monday of a 
plutonium-powered mission 
to explore Saturn, but it re- 
vived public debate on the 
. safety of nuclear-powered 
spacecraft 

Opponents of the launch- 
ing of the National Aeronaut- 
ics and Space Administra- 
tion's Cassini spacecraft 
warned that the mission was 
dangerous. They say that an 
accident could produce lethal 
radioactive debris and that the 
government was not telling 
the truth about the risks. 

The mainstream view ex- 

K sed by many experts, 
ever, was that the risks in 
this case were small. 

"NASA and its interagency 
'■ partners have done an ex- 
tremely thorough job of eval- 
uating and documenting the 
safety of the Cassini mis- 
sion,” said John Gibbons, di- 
rector of the White House sci- 
ence office, who on Friday 
signed the White House ap- 
proval for the launch. 

Cassini, scheduled For 
launching at 4:55 A-M. Mon- 
day, is powered by three Ra- 
dioisotope Thermoelectric 
Generators — devices that 
will rely on the natural ra- 
dioactive decay of 72 pounds 
(33 kilograms) of plutonium- 
238 to provide heat that can 
be converted to electricity. 

The same power systems 
have flown safely on about 
two dozen U.S. missions with 
•the approval of sk adjnm- 
istrations since the 1960s. 
These are not nuclear reactors 
like one aboard a Soviet 

spacecraft ‘ drat crashed in 


Canada years ago, scattering 
radioactive debris. 

The generators provide the 
only power supply that is 
practical for missions far 
from the sun, according to 
space flight engineers. Using 
even the most advanced solar 
power technology, they say, 
would require impossibly 
massive solar “wings” big- 
ger than two tennis courts. 

Although the plutonium 
aboard Cassini is potentially 
toxic, it is not weapons -grade 
plutonium and cannot ex- 
plode. The material could be 
safely'held in your hands, ex- 
perts say. 

Like other radioactive ele- 
ments thar occur naturally in 
soil, rock and food, this type 
of plutonium is relatively 
harmless unless a tiny particle 
is inhaled and lodges in lung 
tissue; or is otherwise trapped 
inside the body where it emits 
radiation for a prolonged 
period, the experts say. Such a 
“hot spot” may increase the 
chance of getting cancer, ac- 
cording to Otto Raabe of the 


University of California at 
Davis. 

John Goftnan, a former as- 
sociate director of the 
Lawrence Livermore Nation- 
al Laboratory and now a lead- 
ing critic of Cassini, however, 
asserted there was no “safe" 
level of radiation and that a 
Cassini accident could in- 
crease cancer deaths by up to 
40,000 over 50 years. 

Concerns like Mr. Gof- 
man’s have prompted public 
protests and are being dis- 
seminated on the Internet. 

Opponents said there were 
three opportunities for a po- 
tentially lethal accident: dur- 
ing launching, right after 
launching and in 1999 when 
Cassini returns for a swing 
past Earth on its looping, sev- 
en-year voyage to Saturn. 

The chances of a launching 
pad accident involving Cas- 
sini’s unmanned Titan boost- 
er rocket are 1 in 20, basal on 
the track record. But NASA 
says the chances are much 
smaller that an accident will 
result in release of plutonium 


in any form. 

Government and inde- 
pendent safety analysts also 
estimated that it is not likely 
that an accident will occur in 
1999, when Cassini is due to 
whiz past Earth at a velocity 
of 43.000 miles pa hour 
(68,000 kilometers pa hour) 
at a distance of at leasr 500 
miles. They estimate there is 
about a one in a million 
chance of a “worst case” ac- 
cidental re-entry into Earth's 
atmosphere in which the 
craft’s shielding would melt 
and )he plutonium -would va- 
porize. 

Numerous steps have been 
taken to try to eliminate the 
chance that inhalable 
particles of the plutonium 
could be released — even in 
an explosion, an inadvertent 
re-entry into the atmosphere 
or a high-speed impact, of- 
ficials said. 


■ Federal prosecutors have arrested the president of a freight 
forwarding company in Miami and accused him of trying to 
illegally ship as passenger baggage 500 pounds (225 kilo- 
grams) of a corrosive pesticide on a passenger jet. (NYT) 

■ The lead investigator in the Christmas Eve murder of 

JooBenet Ramsey, the 6-year-old child beauty pageant star, 
has been removed from the case, Chief Tom Koby of the 
Boulda, Colorado, police announced. (WP) 

• A former FBI official has been sentenced to 18 months in 
prison for destroying an internal critique of the deadly FBI 
siege at Ruby Ridge, ordering an aide to wipe out all traces of 
the report, and then lying about it to investigators. (WP) 


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PAGE 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 

ASIA/PACIFIC 


U.S. Group Urges India 



Scholars Seek an End to Guerrilla War 


By Barbara Crossette 

New York Tunes Service 


UNITED NATIONS, New York — 
India’s seven-year military occupation 
of the mostly Muslim Kashmir Valley 
should be eased as a first step toward 
ending a guerrilla war in the disputed 
territory and reducing tensions with 
Pakistan, a group of American scholars 
and former diplomats has said. 

The group, which recently visited 
Kashmir — the mountainous region that 
the Islamic Mughal emperors once 
called paradise on Earth. — warned in a 
report last week that a pervasive and 
“powerful sense of alienation with In- 
dia’* was gripping die area. 

“From people you could call mem- 
bers of the Kashmir Valley establish- 
ment,” one of the visitors, Howard 
Schaffer, said, “we kept hearing this 
phrase: ‘We're not being treated like 
human beings.’ ” 

Mr. Schaffer, director of studies at 
Georgetown University's Institute for 
the Study of Diplomacy and a former 
State Department official in charge of 
South Asian affairs, made his remarks at 
a news conference here. 

The group’s members called on India 
to reduce its military presence, which is 
estimated at 500,000 to 700,000 army 
grid pa ramilitar y fi ghter s 

They also urged India to begin talking 
with dissident Kashmiris. Some of the 
dissidents have been waging a war for 
independence since late 1989, while 
others have joined unarmed political 
movements demanding greater auton- 
omy within India. 

Over the years, human-rights groups 
have reputed tortures, disappearances 
and killings of dissidents and sometimes 
of bystanders as a result of shootonts 
with Indian troops. Estimates of the 
death toll since 1989 in die region, 
which has a population of about 7 mil- 
lion, range from 20,000 to 60,000. 

The issue of Kashmir is resurfacing in 
part because India wants a permanent 
seat on the UN Security Council. 

President Bill Clinton’s administra- 
tion has said it would like to see the 
council expanded from 15 members to 
perhaps 20, with the number of per- 
manent memberships — which now 
carry a veto power — increased to 10 
from five. 

The current permanent members are 
Britain, China, France, Russia and the 
United States. Plans call for permanent 
memberships to be accorded to Ger- 
many, Japan and three nations from the 
developing world. India believes that it 


should be given die seat informally des- 
ignated for an Asian nation, with the 
others expected to go to an African and 
a Latin American member. 

Predominantly Muslim Pakistan, 
which since the end of British rule on the 
Indian subcontinent in 1947 also has 
occupied part of the former kingdom of 
Kashmir , intends to raise the Kashmir 
issue at die United Nations as it ques- 
tions India’s bid for Security Council 
membership. 

Like Indonesia's Incorporation of 
East Timor in the mid-1970s, India’s 
claim to what it regards as its part of 
Kashmir has never been recognized in- 
ternationally. India has refused to heed 
UN Security Council resolutions passed 
in 1948 and 1949 calling for a plebiscite 
among Kashmiris. 

When the long-simmering Kashmir 



Poor Nations : 



ji 1 '" 1 "’ 


Face Economic 
Enslavement, 
Mahathir Says 


- .. ;- . 




By Thomas Fuller 

International Heruki Tribune 


KUALA LUMPUR — Prime Min- 
ister Mahathir bin Mohamad warned J 
over die weekend that developing coun- . 
tries could be enslaved economically by ' 
their former colonizers, and sought to j 
clarify his remarks about the role of . 
Jews in attacks on his country's cur- i 


Valley erupted in rebellion late in 1989, 
ckty accused Pakistan of fo- 


India quiet 
mi n tin g unrest and arming militants. 
Pakistan has never denied that help was 
crossing its border, but it has denied 
official involvement, maintaining that 
aid has come from Muslims outraged by 
human-rights abuses in the valley. 

In their report, the Americans re- 
commend that the people of Jammu and 
Kashmir, India’s only Mnslim-majcrity 
state and one that also includes a large 
Hindu population and many Buddhists, 
be “formally and meaningfully in- 
cluded in the negotiations.” The report 
says that the government elected in die 
state in 1996 has litde credibility or 
respect in the valley. 

India has refused to talk to die dis- 
sident Kashmiri s and has prevented 
them from traveling abroad to present 
their case, most recently this autumn, 
when a delegation planned to come to 
the United Nations. 

India alsfi bars virtually all human- 
rights groups from the valley. 

Early last week, after receiving the 
report from the American group, India 
announced that it would pull back some 
troops. 

But reports from Kashmir indicated 
that al though an unknown number 
would be withdrawn from towns and 
relocated on their outskirts, they ap- 
parently would not leave die region. 

The American team included Ainslie 
Embree, professor emeritus al 
Columbia University and former direc- 
tor of its Southern Asian Institute, and 
three other professors: Charles Kennedy 
of Wake Forest University, Joseph 
Schwartzberg of the University of Min- 
nesota and Robert WIrsing of the Uni- 
versity of South Carolina. 


NO APOLOGIES — Police firing water cannon in New Delhi at demonstrators who gathered to 
denounce Queen Elizabeth’s visit to India and to demand acknowledgment of a colonial massa c re in 1919. 


.... 


Pyongyang Reneges 
On UN Monitoring 


BRIEFLY 


Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — North Korea has 
not kept its pledge to allow more than a 
dozen UN personnel to monitor how 
foreign food aid is bring distributed in- 
side die jyilafoH country, a circumstance 
thathac forced the Chnton administration 
to threaten to withhold future food aid, 
acconfrnato a senior U.S. rid official. 

The official, Leonard Rogers, an as- 
sistant administrator at die Agency for 
Intern ati onal Development who visited 
North Korea last week, said that neither 
die United Nations nor the United States 
had found evidence that U.S. and UN 
food aid meant to reach starving chil- 
dren or the elderly was being pilfered or 
diverted to the military. 

In response to UN appeals, Wash- 


ington has given or pledged 177,000 
forth Korea 1 


tens of food aid to Norm Korea this year, 
with a final shipment of 25,000 tOflS 
scheduled to arrive by ship Tuesday. Mr. 
Rogers said Pyongyang promised this 
summer that it would allow 17 UN per- 
sonnel and five members of private hu- 
manitarian organizations into the coun- 
try to monitor distribution of the aid. 

But North Korean offidals so for 
have admitted only seven UN monitors, 
hlockedfrill access to kindergartens and 
primaty schools and failed to agree with 
thejrivare monitors “on the duration of 
their stay and access to areas they want 
to work,” Mr. Rogers said. 


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Delhi and Moscow 
Extend Military Pact 


straggle to support a growing number 
of retirees bocn during the population 


explosion under Mao. 

‘‘ China will have hundreds of mfl- 


NEW DELHI — India and Russia 
have agreed to extend a long-term 
program of military and technical co- 
operation, India’s defense minister 
s aid Sunday. 

The official, Mulayam Singh Ya- 


hons of people over the retirement 
age,” John Caldwdl, an Australian 
demographer, said during a demo- 
graphy symposium. (Reuters) 


dav, returning from a five-day trip to 
countries had 


Russia, said the two 
agreed in principle to extend die 
agreement, initially signed in 1994 
and limited to die year 2000, to the 
year 2010. 

The accord covers military sup- 
plies and relations, technical collab- 
oration, exchange of specialists and 
experts. Details are to be i 
later. 


Spain Blocks Visit 
nyTcriwan Official 


made final 
(Reuters) 


China Faces Burden 
Of Many Retirees 


da pressc 
China, Spain has Mocked an unof- 
ficial visit by Taiwan’s vice president 
at the last minute , media here said 
Sunday. 

(Tima, which considers Taiwan a 
rebel province, warned European na- 
tions onTnesday of “very grave con- 
sequences'’ if Vice President lien 
Chan of Taiwan were allowed to visit. 
Mr. Chan is now in Austria after a 
visit to Iceland. (Reuters) 


BEIJING — China wil} face a ma- 
jor problem in the next century when 
the baby-boomers bom under Mao 
Zedong in the 1950s reach retirement 
age, demographers said Sunday. 

A relatively smaller work force 
iced by the one-child policy of 
1970s and 1980s will have to 


16 Die Near Dhaka 


r ue 
IS 


DHAKA, Bangladesh — At least 
16 people were killed Sunday and 
more than 100 others were injured by 
a tornado in the town of Tongi, 20 
kilometers (12 miles) from Dhaka, 
officials said. (Reuters) 


.# A<l"l , ‘ 


-P 


rency. . , . 

Developed countries * try to colonize ( 
by using their economic wealth and 
power to enslave us agmn,’ ' the official ijA 
Bemama news agency quoted the prime 'Y 
minister as saying Sunday. 

“Already many countries have been ( 
forced to give in to this new form of 
colonization, but thank God we have not j 
bowed to them yet,” he said, touching 
cm a theme he lias repeated throughout ( 
the econo mic crisis shaking the region. , 

Also over the weekend, Mr. Ma h at hi r 
$aid his comments on Jews had been , 
misinter preted by the press. 

“I only made a statement, but the j 
press went on to say that I was accusing 
the Jews,” he said. “We cannot make 
wild accusations,” Mr. Mahathir was 
quoted by Bernama as saying. “They.- 

will twistour arms,” he said, apparently - ^ ‘j' » * - 1 a 

referring to Jews. “We are not making ’-«gs .iJu’fl I % 1 tflllj 

any accusations, and will never make t .hvll’U** 11 * *•* 

any accusations.” 

"Please don't make things difficult 
for me,” he told reporters. “If I am in 
di fficulty , T don’t mind; if they attack our 
cmrency, it will fall,” Mb'. Mahathir 
said. “The Jews are a very strong race.. 

They are the strongest race in the " 
world.” 

The prime minis ter said he had 
“merely stated” that the American fin- 
ancier George Soros was Jewish. Mr. : 

Mahathir has repeatedly accused Mr. ' 

Soros of being instrumental in touching . 
off the region's cturency crisis. 1 

In comments carried by Bemama on - 
Friday — and published on the front | 
pages of die country's two hugest 1 
Malay - Lang uage newspapers — Mr. ‘ 

Mahathir was quoted as saying he sus- 
pected there might be a Jewish agenda 
behind the attacks on Malaysia’s cur- “ 
rency and stock market. •" 

“We axe Muslims, and the Jews axe^ 
not happy to see Muslims progress,” : 

Mr. Mahathir was quoted by Bemama 1 
as saying. “We may suspect that they 
have an agenda, but we do not want to 
accuse them.” 1 

Bemama also quoted Mr. Mahathir as 
saying that Jews had robbed Palestra- ' 


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FAMINE: Enigmatic North Korea Proves a Tough Place to Quantify a Crisis 


ians of everything, but tint in Malaysia 
Duld not do 


Continued from Page 1 


million different versions. 

At cme extreme, there are reports filtering out 
of North Korea into China that die famine is so 
severe that people are (tying in huge numbers or 
mining to cannibalism. One informal survey of 
refugees suggested that in some North Korean 
towns 15 percent of the people may already 
have died, and an aid agency extrapolated last 
month that 500.000 may have died of starvation 
and related illnesses. 

At the other extreme, a North Korean de- 
fector charged last month that die famine is a 
sham concocted to get more foreign aid. 

Ethnic Koreans are often the best able to talk 
to ordinary North Koreans and assess conditions 
among their relatives. Many say the situation is 
grim but still for better than the hunger they 
remember in both Koreas during the 1950s. 

* ‘It is a situation that is very bad, but Koreans 
will live, because we’ve gone through the 
war,” said Jung Sook Koh, a Korean- American 
who grew up in Seoul in the postwar years. 
“We were raised in that and here we are.” 

“It's not as if the whole country will die of 
starvation.” she added. Miss Koh delivered 
food aid to North Korea several years ago and 
has visited since, including this year. “Wien I 
visit North Korea, everything reminds me of 
my childhood life, so it’s tod for sure, and 
everything is lacking. But they will live.” 

Kim Myong ChoL, an unofficial North 


Korean spokesman in Tokyo, argues that part 
of the discrepancy is a matter of what one is 
accustomed to. “From an American point of 
view,” he said, “it’s serious, critical, a famine 
situation. By North Korean standards, it’s very 
bad, but stiff not so criticaL” 

There is no doubt that there is some severe 
malnutrition in North Korea, for aid grouf 
have taken wrenching photos of children 
seem to be starving to death, and eveiyone 
acknowledges that there have been some hun- 
ger-related deaths. The uncertainty is about the 
scale and whether it is better or worse than in 
other developing countries. 

Partly because many visitors see no signs of 
hunger, they sometimes say that aid groups are 
exaggerating the crisis to get more contribu- 
tions. But on the other hand, the history of China 
demonstrates that it is possible for a totalitarian 
country to hide a famine from visitors. 

From about 1958 to 1961, China endured the 
worst famine in world history, leading to about 
30 million deaths. Yet a string of visitors at the 
time roamed the country ana concluded that 
there was no famine at alL If that parallel holds, 
then North Korea might be undergoing a crisis 
every bit as severe as the pessimists describe. 

One expl anati on for the different versions of 
reality might be geographic variation. It may be 
that grain is getting to people in most parts of 
the country, those accessible to trucks and aid 
workers, but that there are pockets of famine in 
the mountains, particularly those in the north 


near China. That might also help account for 
why refugees in China describe conditions that 
are so desperate. 

Partly because the evidence of distress is 
anecdotal rather than rooted in statistics, it is 
difficult to compare it with dam from other 
countries. A World Food Program survey of 
4.000 North Korean children, not a represen- 
tative sample, found 17 percent suffering from 
serious malnutrition. By comparison. World 
Bank date suggest that in India in theeariy 1990s, 
43 percent of children were malnourished; some 
visitors say countries like India are chronkalty in 
worse shape than North Korea is now. 

Ellsworth Culver, a senior vice president of 
Mercy Corps, an Oregon-based aid group, just 
emerged from his seventh trip to North Korea, 
where be saw some severely malnourished 
children. But when he was asked to compare 
what be had seen with India, Mr. Culver im- 
mediately responded: “India is for worse.” 

But he then emphasized that it is difficult to 
make such comparisons because so much is 
unknown about North Korea and because it is 
vulnerable to a sharp deterioration. 

By almost ati accounts, tbepresem stocks will 
run out again in the winter or spring, and North 
Korea will then once more need foreign help. 

“It’s not horrible right now b ecam e action is 
being taken,’ ’ Mr. Culver said, referring to the 
roughly 800,000 tons of food aid sent to North 
Korea since earfy this year. “But if action is not 
taken, then it will get visibly worse.” 


they could not do so. and hence they * 
depressed the ringgit, Malaysia's cur- ’’ 
rency. 

The comments were also canted by ' 
the country’s English-language papers, 
with the exception of the broadsheet' 
New Straits Times, which featured a 
front-page story titled: “Tackling * 
Obesity Among Children.” 

Opposition leaders in die country * 
criticized Mr. Mahathir’s comments' 1 
about Jews. “He is treading on dan- 
gerous ground,” Abdul Razak Ahmad, J 
deputy chairman of die Parti Rakyat.. 
Malaysia, an opposition party, toldReu-^ 
ters. “I didn't expect this, coming fromsf 
him. He should be more careful about 
what he says as things may get out of ! 
hand.” 

Mr. Mahathir made the comments to . 
a crowd of about 10,000 supporters in 
Trengganu. a Muslim-dominated state ; 
on the east coast of pe ninsular Malay- ! 
sia. 

Mr. Mahathir’s comments about ‘ 
speculators in general — and Mr. Sorts 
in particular — started in July, after the 
de facto devaluation of the Thai baht, • 
which sent currencies in the region ram- 
bling and knocked the ringgit from its . 
dollar peg. 

In a bid to shore up the stock ma r ke t, 

Mr. Mahath ir imposed restrictions on 0 
trading, announced a $20 billion bail- * 
out fund and, most recently, called for a 
ban on currency transactions not di- ■ 
rectiy related to trade. 


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Afar York Times Sen-Ice 

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PACES 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 


EUROPE 


french Doctors Join 
hi Apologies to Jews 


The Associated Press ' 
I*ARIS —The head of the 
; r reoc ° medical association 
* has apologized for his pro- 
support of wartime 
■ laws during the German oc- 
cupation that barred Jewish 
doctors from practicing, and 
he call ed for freer ar*y ss to 
wartime archives. 

®emard Glorion, president 
of the Order of Doctors, 
wt «ch represents 180,000 
. members nationwide; said the 
physicians regretted “the 
. barbarity some of our col- 
leagues' and their families 
lived through.” 

French Roman Catholic 
leaders, lawyers and a police 
glo rion have apologized for 
fShejx ties with the gove rnmen t 
of Vichy France. 

The apologies preceded the 
current trial of a former Vichy 
police official, Maurice Pa- 
pon, who is accused of hav ing 
ordered the deportation of 
more than 1 ,500 Jews to Nazi 
death camps. 

Dr. Glorion noted Saturday 
that, from 1940 to 1942, most 
Jewish doctors were preven- 
ted from working after they 


were. reported to officials by 
their colleagues. 

In 1941,alawby the Vichy 
regime restricted the -number 
of Jewish physicians who 
could practice to 2 percent of 
all doctors. 

* 2d Lawyer Quits Case 

A second lawyer represent- 
ing Jewish victims has quit 
his role at the trial of Mr. 
Papon in Bordeaux after the 
defendant was ordered freed 
from prison during the pro- 
ceedings. The Associated 
Press reported from Paris. 

Gerald Welzer, who 
resigned Saturday, said the 
families he represented “are 
very shocked and upset by 
what has happened.” 

In freeing Mr. Papon on 
Friday, the third day of trial 
the court cited age, 87, and his 
past heart surgery, and it 
granted him freedom of 
movement. 

Shortly after the court rul- 
ing, Amo KJarsfeld became 
the first lawyer to resign from 
the case. He is the son of a 
noted Nazi-hunter, Serge 
Klaisfeld. 



AGROUND IN FRANCE — A Panamanian cargo ship, the Cape Tanzania, ran 
aground Sunday near Bayonne, in southwestern France. Hie crew was being evacuated. 

Swiss Are Said to Find 800 More Wartime Accounts 


Kohl Faces* Impatience ; 
Of Young Party Members 


Reuters 

GENEVA — A further 800 dormant accounts 
opened by foreigners before the end of World War 
II have come to light during Switzerland's search 
for the lost assets of Jews who fell victim to German 
Holocaust policies, according to a Geneva paper. 

Details of these “newly discovered” accounts 
are to be published Oct 29, along with a second list 


of dormant accounts opened by Swiss citizens 
before the end of 1945, according to the French- 
language Journal de Geneve. 

Thousands of claims poured in after Swiss 
banks, accused by Jewish groups of boarding Holo- 
caust victims’ assets, published in July a first list of 
opened by f 
end of World War 1L 


The Associated Press 

LEIPZIG — Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl's party gathered Sunday to en- 
dorse his quest for a fifth term despite 
attacks by young members chafing un- 
der foe Gennan leader’s 15-year rule. 

As Mr. Kohl brushed off his critics, 
leaders of his Christian Democratic Un- 
ion fell in line behind their 67-year-old 
chairman to focus on a convention that 
will begin the parly’s campaign for par- 
liamentary elections next September. 

Mr. Kohl announced in April that he 
would seek another team, propelled in 
part by foe desire to see through foe 
single European currency due to debut 
in 1999 aha to head the German gov- 
ernment’s move to Berlin, scheduled the 
same year. 

Yet, foe chancellor, who reunited 
Germany in 1990, has been weakened 
by unemployment, which stands at post- 
war highs, and the collapse of an' am- 
bitious tax-cut plan that was a key part of 
his economic refrains. 

A loose group of youthful rebels 
leveled unusually sharp criticism at Mr. 
Kohl before the convention, accusing 
him of stifling new ideas. They urged 
hi m to step aside as party leader after the 
elections. 

Mr. Kohl dismissed the dissenters, 
telling Focus magazine that '‘we will let 


the voters know in time*' when he will 
down and denying that he was too 
for the job. _ . 

Mr. Kohl in power since 1982, is 
" Germany's longest-serving chancellor 
since Otxo von Bismarck in foe late 19th 
century and Europe’s longest-serving 
leader. He has led the party since 1973, 
keeping challengers at bay. 

Erwin Teufel, foe Badeo-Wuerttem- 
berg state premier and a Christian Demo- 
cratic Union deputy chairman, said oa 
German radio that Mr. Kohl remained in 
charge of foe party and that the con- 
vention would strongly endorse him. 

No formal vote was planned on Mr. 
Kohl’s candidacy, biit he told Focus he 
would ask foe 1,000 delegates to place 
their trust in him and anyone opposed 
could then speak up. 

The Christian Democratic party lead- 
ership was meeting Sunday to plot cam- 
paign strategy ana decide how to deal 
with the rebels’ desire to rejuvenate foe 
party for the new millennium. 

Mr. Kohl will make a keynote speech 
Monday. 

The key campaign themes coming out 
of foe convention are the fight against 
rising crime, creating jobs for some 43 
milli on unemployed and blaming foe 
opposition Social Democrats for block- 
ing a tax cut in Parliament. 


^Europe Adopts Plan 
To Strengthen Rights 


Agence France -Presse ■ 

STRASBOURG — The 
Council of Europe wound up 
a 40-nation summit meeting 
with the adoption of a final 
declaration and action plan 
aimed at strengthening demo- 
cratic and human rights for 
800 million Europeans from 
Iceland to Ukraine. 

European leaders agreed 
Saturday to set np a stream- 
lined European court of hu- 
. man rights that would enable 
t citizens to seek legal redress 
1 against their governments, to 
appoint a commissioner to 
promote human rights in in- 
dividual countries and to de- 
cree a ban on human clon- 
ing. 

The texts that identify four 
areas of concern — democ- 
racy and human-rights issues, 
social cohesion, security and 
cultural diversity — are part 
of an effort to establish a dis- 
tinctive European social 
model. 

The two-day summit en- 
dorsed a series of proposals 
including foe promotion of 
social rights, the strengthen- ■ 
ing of minority rights, mea- 
sures to combat corruption 
and organized crime, and the 
promotion of information 
technologies. 

Some initiatives represent- 
ed an extension of the coun- 


cil’s traditional role in pro- 
tecting human rights into 
areas of “new risks” such as 
terrorism, drugs and crimes 
against children. 

The meeting also issued a 
strong call for foe universal 
abolition of foe death pen- 
alty. 

In his closing speech, foe 
host. Prime Minister Lionel 
Jospin of France, stressed 
Europe’s “social dimen- 
sion,” singling out unem- 
ployment, and particularly 
youth unemployment, as 
Europe's .biggest challenge. 

The council’s Social 
Charter “provides a basis for 
guaranteeing social rights,” 
he said. 

The s ummit meeting, only 
the second in foe Council of 
Europe's 48-year history, was 
intended to launch a new 
stage in the organization's ca- 
reer after the near-doubling of 
its membership with- foe ac- 
cession of states created after 
the break-up of the Soviet Un- 
ion and of Y ugoslavia. 

In their final declaration, 
foe 21 presidents and 19 
prime ministers asserted the 
council's “standard-setting” 
role, particularly in consol- 
idating democracy. 

The goal was a “freer, 
more tolerant and just Euro- 
pean society," they said. 


<1 


BRIEFLY 


500 German Extremists Seized 
After Confrontation at Rally 


4 


SAALFELD, Germany — The police said Sunday that 
they had detained nearly 500 leftist and far-right ex- 
tremists over the weekend and seized a large quantity of 
weapons after clashes during a banned rally against 
rightist violence. 

The clashes came after a leftist organization called a 
demonstration against far-right violence in Saalfeld, east- 
ern Germany, and the neo-Nazi NPD party called a 
counteidemonstration in nearby Rudolstadt: 

Both rallies were banned. 

Axes, knives, batons, an irritant gas, gas masks, starter 
pistols and radio broadcasting equipment were seized 
from 56 neo-Nazi demonstrators in a restaurant at Rudol- 
stadL Photographs of Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, were 
hanging on the wall when foe police entered the res- 
taurant (AFP) 

Belgians Jeer Police Reforms 

BRUSSELS — Several thousand police officers, mag- 
istrates and protesters marched in Brussels on Sunday 
against judicial reforms seen as a politically motivated 
muddle following child murder and pornography scan- 
dals. 

With a public address system playing the “Death 
March" and firecrackers exploding, about 3,000 people 
carrying blue and red flags, flaming torches, banners and 
a coffin proclaiming “Democracy” paraded through foe 

%iey were led by the parents of Melissa Russo, one of 
four girls found dead in August last year, and by Marie- 
Noel Bouzet, the mother of Elisabeth Brichei, 12, who has 
been missing since December 1 989. (Reuters) 

Thousands Protest in Minsk 

MINSK — About 3,500 opposition forces rallied Sun- 
day to protest deteriorating living standards under Pres- 
ident Alexander Lukashenko, a hard-liner who was 
burned in effigy. 

Police officers arrested 20 people after foe rally, ac- 
cording to foe Popular Front The authorities refused to 
comment on the arrests and it was not clear what, if any, 
charges were filed against the demonstrators. 

The rally was organized by a coalition of foe Popular 
Front, anti-government trade unionists and represen- 
tatives of- foe Belarus women’s movement 

“No to hunger and cold!” signs declared. (AP) 

For the Record 

President Slobodan Milosevic of Yugoslavia invited 
. _ - —i QiM+t tea/ters ftilinrwPInvsic. who is 



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PAGE 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


Slovakia’s Leader Again Plays Nationalist Card 


By lane Periez 

New York Times Service 


BRATISLAVA, Slovakia — In a 
meeting little noticed at the tune, Prune 
Minister Vladimir Meciar of Slovakia 
made an explosive offer to bis Hun- 
garian counterpart, Gyula Horn, at a 
tense tete-h-t&e in August 
The proposal was this: a huge ex- 
change of the hundreds of thousands of 
ethnic Slovak and Hungarian minorities 
who live in the neighboring Central 
European countries. 

“I was furious that he could make 
such a proposal," the Hungarian leader 
ltlyoftf 


ethnic conflict Hungary, which was in- 
vited along with Poland and die Czech 
Republic, has signed treaties with Ro- 
mania and Slovakia to fix current bor- 
ders and respect minority rights. 

But Mr. Meciar. who is running for re- 
election next year and badly needs the 
support of the far-right Slovak Nation- 
alist Party , has begun to talkat home as if 
the treaty with Hungary never existed. 

Mr. Meciar himself revealed his pro- 
posal, which had remained secret, by 
boasting about it in September before a 
rally of supporters here in die Slovak 


pla 

Gy 


said recently of the meeting, which took 
>lace in the Hungarian industrial town of 
or. “I suggested be forget about iL” 
With his proposal, Mr. Meciar man- 
aged to inflame some of the most sen- 
sitive issues in Central Europe — bor- 
ders and ethnic minorities — just as 
NATO members, including the United 
States, are starting to debate whether to 
approve invitations to countries in the 
region. 

Slovakia, viewed as Central Europe's 
outcast, has not been asked to join the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 
which made its invitations conditional 
on stable borders and an absence of 


! campaign has raised fears in Bud- 
apest that Mr. Meciar will complicate 
Hungary's entry into NATO and is also 
threatening to sour relations between 
minorities in both countries. 

"The most serious danger in ail this is 
that it will get out of control, " said Peter 
Huncik, chairman of the Sandor Marai 
Foundation, a nongovernmental orga- 
nization here that monitors the day-to- 
day relationships between Hungarians 
and Slovaks in Slovakia. 

In remarks laced with innuendo, Mr. 
Meciar told a rally of his supporters Oct. 
1 that minorities living on (he border 
interfered with the "territorial integrity 
of Slovakia." 


"We don't want a repeat of the game 
of 1938-39," he added, referring to 
Hitler's decision, after occupying 
Czechoslovakia, to give Hungary a 
southern swath of Czechoslovak terri- 
tory, which reverted after the war. 

The remarks, as well as the proposed 
population exchange, seemed timed to 
coincide with the 50th anniversary of the 
deportation of more than 70,000 Hun- 
garians from Czechoslovakia to Hun- 
gary after World War IL 

Mr. Huncik said he feared that Mr. 
Meciar, who has appealed mainly to 
less-educated voters and those from rur- 
al and small towns, would succeed in 
polarizing Slovakia, a country of 5 mil- 
lion tbar has become increasingly iso- 
lated in the region since it split peace- 
fully from the Czech Republic in 1993. 

Surveys by Mr. Hundk’s foundation 
have shown that Slovaks are divided into 

three groups on the question of relations 
with the minority of some 600,000 Hun- 
garians who live in their country. One- 
third are for cordial relations, he said, 
one-third are against, and one-third are 
undecided. 

Because Mr. Meciar has hammered so 
hard on historical memories, the 30 
percent of the Slovaks who are gen- 
erally neutral are more likely to be- 


come anti-Hungarian, Mr. Huncik said. 

For fear of losing votes, be said, Slov- 
ak imposition political parties declined 
to officially denounce the proposal for a 
latioo exchange. 

Jniike the leaders of the conservative 
H u n garian government that came to 
jwer after foe collapse of communism, 
Horn has been assiduous at de- 


*GS 



Hungary — more than 2 million live in 
Romania alone — form the largest single 
minority in Europe, aside from Russians 
in the former Soviet Republics. 

■ With the new conciliatory Romanian 
government, Mir. Horn has been suc- 
cessful — with the hostile Slovak gov- 
ernment, less so. 

Many of Mr. Medar’s supporters, 
after listening to their leader at the Oct. I 
rally ofhis political party, foe Movement 
for a Democratic Slovakia, were un- 
flinching in their criticism of Hungari- 
ans and Hungarian politicians. 

"Even England and the United States 
are under the threat of becoming Hun- 
garian," said Andrej Ujcej, 74, a pen- 
sioner. 

And Maria Dubecova, 71, a retired 
accountant, said: "All they do is harm 
and they would never reach the incomes 



UtAnendtW 


Vladimir Meciar, right, the Slovak prime minister, and his Czedi com. 
terpart, Vaclav Klaus, center, during a meeting in Piestany, Slovakia. 


they have here if they went back to 
Hungary-"- . 

In southern Slovakia, where most of 
foe Hungarian minority lives in villages 
along the Hungarian border, Mr. ■ Me- 
ciar’s idea of Hungarians going back to 
Hungary was dismissed as yet another _ 
outrage from Jiiwi. 

"Tbe min dset of most people is that 
it’s up to me where I want to live," said 
Jan Babej, mayor of Samorin, a town of 


Opposition Leader on Italy’s Crisis 


On Monday, Italy 's political crisis will 
enter a critical phase as President Oscar 
Luigi Scatfaro consults the leaders of the 
center- lefi government and center-right 
opposition. Prime Minister Romano 
Prodi and Massimo D'Alema, who 
heads the Democratic Party of the Left, 
appear to favor a snap election. On 
Sunday, former Prime Minister Silvio 
Berlusconi, leader cf the opposition, dis- 
cussed the crisis with Alan Friedman of 
the International Herald Tribune. 

Q. Fausto Bertmotti, the leader of the 
extreme-left Refounded Communists 
who brought down the Prodi govern- 
ment by rejecting foe 1998 budget, now 
says he wants to cut a deal to avoid 
elections. How do you see foe situation 
developing? 

A We need to be clear. What has 
happened in tbe last few days is not only 
a disagreement over the budget Tbe 
truth is that what we are seeing is a 


Q & A / Silvio Berlusconi 


Struggle for hegemony on the left. The 
alliance between the center- left and 
Communists was only electoral Their 
differences are now irreconcilable. 

Mr. D’Alema wants his parly to be- 
come a social democratic force and has 
always considered tbe Refounded Com- 
munists a small group that should have a 
subordinate role. Mr. Bertmotti instead 
wants to establish his own separate iden- 
tity as the true Voice of the left 

The feet that the Communists have 
brought down a government of tbe left 


A. I will say something very simple, 
namely, that the country is facing an 
emergency, and we should have the 
courage to seek a serious solution. That 
solution is a grand and bipartisan co- 
alition with a program to complete foe 
budget and clean up public-sector fi- 
nances, to lighten the tax burden on 
companies in order to fight unemploy- 
ment and to reform the electoral law to 
achieve a system of majority voting 
rather than proportional representation. 
Q. But Mr. D’Alema has already rc- 


and are now trying to recoup means each jected the idea of a grand coalition, 
side is trying to blame the other, and this A 1 still think it is a generous 


gives our country a comic-opera image 
that can cause grave damage for foe 
stock market and the lira. 

Q. What will you tell President Scal- 
faro when you see him Monday? 


Rome Coalition’s Olive Branch 


The Associated Press 

ROME — Leaders of foe center-left 
coalition forces led by Romano Prodi, 
foe caretaker prime minister of Italy, 
indicated Sunday they were willing to 
consider a deal with Communists to back 
a new government if hard-liners would 
finally co m promise on budget cuts. 

Deputy Prime Minister Walter Vel- 
troni, preparing for a meeting at foe 
prime minister's office Sunday evening 
to map strategy, said pension cuts and 
other budget-slashing measures being 
pushed by Mr, Prodi remained the 
"point of reference for us." 

"Then we’d be willing to introduce 
some modifications to the rest of foe 


program," including a shorter work 
week sought by foe Communists, said 
Mr. Veltroni, a leader of foe Democratic 
Party of the Left, which was formerly 
Communist- 

Leaders of Mr. Prodi’s Olive Tree 
coalition, were due to meet on Monday 
morning with President Oscar Luigi 
Scalfaro, who must decide soon whether 
to call early elections or try to form 
another coalition. 

Mr. Prodi quit on Thursday after 
Fausto BertinottTs Re founded Commu- 
nist Party refused to back budget cuts that 
the government deems vital If Italy is to 
be one of tbe countries in foe first group 
entering the European monetary union. 


U.S. Aide in Turkey for Talks on Cyprus 


Agcnce France-Presse 

ANKARA — The U.S. State De- 
partment’s coordinator for Cyprus, 
Thomas Miller, arrived here Sunday 
for talks with Turkish officials starting 
Monday on advancing peace efforts 
on tbe divided island. 

President Bill Clinton's special en- 
voy for Cyprus, Richard Holbrooke, 
also was expected to arrive in the 
Turkish capital to lead the U.S. team in 
foe talks, American sources said. Mr. 
Holbrooke will be making his first 
visit to Ankara since his appointment 
as envoy for Cyprus earlier this year. 

Mr. Miller will travel to Athens 
after foe meetings in Ankara, but Mr. 


Holbrooke will not take part in (hose 
talks, a State Department spokesman, 
James Rubin, announced in Wash- 
ington on Friday. 

"Let me emphasize, this is not a 
negotiation," Mr. Rubin said "This 
is a continuation of discussions." 

Cyprus has been divided since Tur- 
key invaded the northern third of the 
island in 1974 in reaction to a coup in 
Nicosia aimed at uniting the island 
■with Greece. 

The Turkish Cypriots set up a 
breakaway republic in 1983. but the 
entity is recognized only by Ankara, 
which maintains about 35,000 troops 
there. 


TALKS: A Global Odd Couple at the Table 


j.a. undersecretary or ■ ■■ ■ ■— 

1 “" AMERICANS: Number of Expatriates Soars as Go-Go Economies , Lower Costs and Ethnic Homelands Beckon a 

opeans could not un- Continued from Page 1 The United States has always been Department. A new citizenship law there, been a raoid influx into . ... ■■ ■ 


Continued from Page 1 

portedly eager to avoid a battle over 
sanctions, they have opened an inquiry 
on Total's deal with Iran. 

The European Commission is also 
eager to avoid a larger clash. But it has 
warned that, if foe talks next week break 
down, it will denounce foe United States 
before the World Trade Organization. 

European and U.S. officials have easy 
access to each other. Sir Leon Brittan, 
tbe EU trade commissioner, for ex- 
ample, has a close relationship with Stu- 
art Eizenstat, foe U.S. undersecretary of 
state for economic, 
ri cultural affairs. 

But there are frustrations, 
diplomat said Europeans 
derstand foal "we have a government 
that was designed not to work by people 
who didn't like government." Just when 
they think they have a deal Europeans 
.find themselves undercut by Congress. 

U.S. negotiators, on foe other hand, 
are frustrated by European bureaucracy, 
inflexibility and a seeming lack of polit- 
ical will; they point to foe conflict in 
Bosnia-Herzegovina as an example. 

This seeming indecisiveness is usu- 
ally explained by foe fact the commis- 
sion speaks for all 15 countries, all of 
which must be consulted before any 
initiatives are taken. 

Europe lacks a "Mr. or Mrs. Foreign 
Affairs." The EU’s external relations 
are in the hands of Sir Leon; Joao de 
Deus Pinheiro of Portugal, the com- 
missioner responsible for African af- 


the commissioner in charge of enlarge- 
ment. They do not work as a team, and 
they operate from a different building 


pro- 
posal, since I am thinking of interests of 
die nation and not just my own partisan 
political interests. If foe other side does 
not accept my offer, we will go to elec- 
tions, and the worst that can happen to 
me is that we return as foe opposition. 

Q. If an election is called, would you 
be the candidate of the center-right 
against Mr. Prodi for prime minister? 

A. In Italy there is an anomaly in 
which foe leader of the center- left, Mr. 
D’Alema, chose another candidate as 
minister, and he chose a manager 
state industry. This has implications 
for ns. My decision as opposition leader 
is that I would not be foe candidate. We 
would choose another ca n didate. Only if 
Mr. D’Alema were a candidate himself 
would I be a candidate. 

Q. What are your reasons? 

A. The left has always accused me of 
having a conflict of interest. I created foe 
second-biggest corporate group in this 
country, and now I am being persecuted 
by magistrates and accused mainly of tax 
evasion and other tax-related matters. I 
am accused of knowing every detail of 
what went on in my group, even though 
my group has 1 1 trillion lire ($6 39 bil- 
lion) of revenue and paid 874 billion lire 
in taxes last year. This decision is also a 
way to eliminate such charges of a con- 
flict of interest. 

Q. So if it is not you, who would be the 
center-right candidate? 

A. We are. examining a variety of 
names, but we haven’t yet decided. . 

Q. Is there any chance that you center- 
right parties could form a new coalition 
with foe separatist Northern League led 
by Umberto Bossi? 

A- With Mr. Bossi we would have 55 
percent, but there is no possibility of a 
coalition with his party unless he re- 
nounces his demands for a Northern 
secession. 

Q. What do you think of foe idea of a 
law imposing a 35-hour workweek such 
as the one proposed by Prime Minister 
Lionel Jospin in France and also favored 
by Mr. Beitinotti’s Communists? 

A. It would raise manufacturing costs. 
Italian companies would have to raise 
their prices, and we would lose com- 
petitiveness. Many entrepreneurs would 
have to shift manufacturing but of Italy, 



Ageoecftnec-Pisw 


Quake Imperils 500- Year-Old Italian Tower 

Three powerful jolts on Sunday caused further damage to buddings' in central 
Italy, including foe bell tower of the town hall at Foligno, in Umbria Province. 
There were do reports of deaths. More than 100 aftershocks have battered the 
region since a major temblor on Sept. 26 lolled 12 and caused heavy damage. 


12,000 where 70 percent of the pop- 
ulation are ethnic Hungarian. ^ 

Mr. Babej is Slovak, and bis election 
in a mostly Hungarian community sig- 
nified, be said, the smooth relations be- 
tween Hungarians and Slovaks. His wife 
is Hungarian and they speak each other's 
language s every day, he said. 

In Samorin, students can choose be- 
tween schools that give classes in Hun- 
garian or Slovak. 

CLINTON: 

South America Trip 

Continued from Page 1 


BRAZIL: Clinton to Visit Changed Nation 


than their staffs. Another problem is foe for example to Eastern Europe. 


chronic shortage of staff members to 
deal with global issues. 

Of course, foe commission can and 
does call on the expertise of member 
governments, from which many of its 
officials come. "We borrowed most of 
our financial services legislation from 
the British, but don't tell that to foe 
French," an official said. 


Q. In the present situation, what 
chances exist that Italy can still qualify 
for European monetary union on time? 
A- Maastricht will depend on a serious 


Continued from Page 1 

■ "The people have food in their bel- 
lies," said Roberto Macedo, an econ- 
omist at foe University of Sao Paulo. 
"But they also have refrigerators and 
ovens now, too. In Brazil that’s power- 
ful motivation to like your president.' ’ 

Yet, serious problems continue to 
plague Brazil a country with a Long 
history of poverty and social crises. 
Even as his economic policies have im- 
proved the lives of the poor, critics say 
foe gains may not last because Mr. Car- 
doso is not taking the bold steps nec- 
essary to close foe country's massive gap 
in the distribution of wealth. In Brazil 5 
percent of foe people control 95 percent 
of the land 

There also have been nagging con- 
cerns that Mr. Cardoso has focused more 
on changing the constitution to allow for 
his re-election than an enacting foe social 
security and tax reforms he has promised 
Critics also say he is moving too ' 
to privatize state-run industries 


Mr. Cardoso responds that one must 
look at how much Brazil already has 
changed during Jiis tom. "Not just be- 
cause of die economy," be told a group 
of reporters, "but because we are now 
putting on tbe table our social problems. 
Tbe Brazilian government is not trying 
to cover up what is wrong m Brazil" 


unlikely to make much difference. 
The $52 billion in U.S. goods ex- 

C d to the region in 1996 was more 
double foe 1 990 leveL From 1990 to 
1994, American multinationals poured 
more than $20 billion into factories, 
equipment and other investments — ex- 
tending their historic dominance in the 
region over European and Japanese 
firms, which invested less than half that 
amount 

“It's become an increasingly impor- 
tant market for us," said Tim Richards, 
senior manager for international trade 
and investment at General Electric Co M 
which sells large amounts of U.S. -marie 
locomotives, medical equipment and 
power-generating machinery to Latin 
nations. “In Brazil for example, just in 
the last two years, we’ve seen our rcv-f,| 
enues go up over 70 percent.” 

Powering such growth is foe decision 
by countries throughout the region to 
shed much iff their old, statist economic 
policies in favor of market-oriented re- 
forms, and to pound down inflation 
through discipline over government 
budgets and me money supply. 

"Inflation has come down here from 
levels of SO percent a month to less than 
8 percent a year," said John Edwin 
Mein, executive vice president of foe 
American Chamber of Commerce in Sao 
Paulo. "'And the result of that was that 
people in tbe lower classes whose earn- 
ings had been completely eroded by 
inflation all of a sudden found them- 
selves with additional real income — 
granted, at a very low level, but 30 
percent, to 40 percent additional in- 
come, which is generating tremendous 
demand for consumer goods.' ’ 

But it is a region of countries that have 
signed dozens of crisscrossing trade 
agreements with each other — and that is 
where the argument for a hemisphere- 
wide free trade agreement comes ia- 
because some U.S. companies are find^g 
mg themselves at a disadvantage. 

Consider die case of Stupp Coro., 
based in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Tne 
company, which makes gas pipelines, 
has flourished in tbe Latin market, which 
accounts for the bulk of its exports. But 
earlier this year it lost a $100 million 
contract for an Argentice-Chilean 
pipeline because of a 27 percent tariff 
imposed by Mercosur, tbe biggest Latin 
trade bloc, which encompasses Brazil 
Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. 

* ‘We lost to an Argentinian company. 


I 



lessor who once conducted weekly 
study groups on Marx, he did an about- 
face to embrace free-market thrones by 
offering Brazilians his "Real Plan.” 

Tbe plan opened Brazil to foreign 
investment and linked its currency, 
called the real to the U.S. dollar. The 
plan ended hyperinflation. 

But the plan has come under criticism 
both inside and outside Brazil and from 
both the left and right Affluent Brazili- 
ans have discovered that many of their 
costs, such as real estate and eating in 


company 

rector of marketing. 

But many trade experts scoff at ti 
suggestion by administration officials 
that South America is such a juicy target 
as to tempt European or Asian powers 
into forging their own trade agreements 
with foe region. 

Although European Union officials 
have talked of negotiating a free-trade 
pact with Latin countries, their claims 
are viewed skeptically because of their 
well-known reluctance to expose their 


and rapid solution, and with a grand -administration has become permissive 


coalition we would certainly make the 
grade for Europe, join the single cur- 
rency and stay there. It there are elec- 
tions, we will be a l risk. 


On logging in Hie Ammnn anri fhaf h« hag 
not done enough to curb corruption and 
police brutality, the subject of a number 
of recent human rights reports. 


esto« and eating m fanners to foreign competition, 
w slowly restaurants in posh neighborhoods, have “It would be rafteS,™ Nh.N 

^missive 8 Ml Cardoso is also facme mounting /SL if 


also facing mounting 
pressure from foe Landless Movement 
of foe rural poor — 50,000 of whom 
marched on Brasilia this year to protest 
foe slow pace of land reform. ■ 


Mastel 
w Turin 

America is a good market, maybe not the 
most important, but we ought to take 
advantage of it’ It may not be a i 
that sells well on TV, but it’s 
troth." 


Page 

are more Americans abroad than there 
are people in Norway, or Denmark or 
Finland. Tbe number has been growing 
by more than 250,000 a year. 

The State Department numbers are 
based on admittedly rough estimates from 
U.S. embassies and consulates around the 
world, where officials tally their contacts 
with American expatriates, compare their 
own figures with local government data, 
project trends and then send a number to 
Washington. There is no systematic at- 
tempt, as with the census at home, to 
achieve a complete count. Americans can 
live abroad for years without a single 
contact with embassy or consulate. And 
the closings of some consulates further 
blur the accuracy of estimates. 

‘The numbers are pretty soft," said 


rays b 

more a magnet to immigrants (900,000 
of them last year ) than a source of emig- 
rants. But the lure of fast-developing 
economies in countries from Israel to 
Taiwan, of a dollar that goes far in many 
parts of tbe world, and possibly also 
concerns about crime and insecurity in 


Department- A new citizenship law there, been a rapid influx into Vietnam, to tammebnmenrhsHii^i i , . - 

she said, will no longer require people to 2,900 from almost none in 1990. The BS^ a - bit ? ,I f llof 
renounce U.S. citizenship if they want to number in China has tripled in that Deri- including in foe military. 

od, and father »» «he 

After proximity, the biggest factor in expected there, according S the non. 25? * . overseas, he said. "Few 
foe movement abroad is probably foe end prEfitgloim ArJriSSSzeJ Abroad. andrerirc ovcrse ^ * 

of the Cold War, and foe dramatic way it Many offoe new expatriates areolder ™ wS** 1 * 1 e ;? enence ^ 

has opened former Communist-bloc oa- neode. Thousands of hiiMtuw>i« conditions in countries 



two nearest U.S. neighbors, Canada and 
Mexico. This trend has been magnified, 
trade specialists say. by foe effects of .foe 
North American Free Trade Agreement, 
which links the three nations. 

Many of the 626,000 Americans in 
Canada and the 550,200 in Mexico were 
bom in those countries and hold dual 
citizenship. Perhaps two-thirds of total 
growth is of former immigrants return- 


businesses seeking export mar- 
kets — a foothold in foe European Union 
or a toe in the door of markets in Eastern 
Europe or Asia — has risen rapidly. 

Both of those trends are exemplified 
by Poland, which has gone from just 
over 13.000 Americans in 1990 to 
148.000 last year, according to.foe Stare 
Department. The Polish- American com- 
munity in. the United States is large, 
numbering about 12 million, and has 


Security benefits abroad rose to 380,000 
last month, though not all recipients are 
retirees, and notxtll are even American. 

"There is and will be a continued 
attraction of retirees to overseas retire- 
ment places, where on the same income 
you can afford a maid and some other 
things you couldn't have here. 


i i,ri nnMU — 4 — are clearly 

umig many to return, said Dorothy van 

AteSd. 0f Citizens 

***4 not sdways allow dual 
more flexible ap- 
proach has also been a factor. 

rirJnlLj n . umber Of Americans has 
dropped in a few 


fairs; Manuel Marin of Spain, commis- John Martin, a former Foreign Service mg to home countries, specialists say. -strong ties to the mother country, 
sioner for relations with Asia, the officer who now specializes in immi- “Weexpect more grow* in Mexico,” The new market economies in Central 
Mediterranean and Latin America, and gration questions. "But they're the best said Nyda Novodvorsky Budig, a con- and Eastern Europe have been a magnet 
Hans van den Broek of foe Netherlands, that’s out there." sular affairs spokeswoman for foe State to young business graduates. Thao has 


Charles Longino, a gerontologist at foosTnUr JL few c ° u T tnes '’ 

Wake Forest University in Winston- wheS ^ 

Salem, North Carolina. 

Mr. Longino, who follows immigration d 

nSmnt* deciines m foose couh- 

strik/J^ * e . OVera11 growth even more 
sinking, specialists say. 


“sues, speculated that many Of those re- 
tiring abroad had crane to foe United 
States, gained citizenship and were re- 


V . . 











PAGE 8 


MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 


EDITORIALS /OPINION 


Iteralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



Srtinme. 


PI BUSHED Him THE NK» MIRK TIMES *ND TIIE WASHWPTUN POST 


Dictators’ Tricks 


Only seven months after its great 
triumph, the Serbian democratic op- 
position coalition Zajedno (which 
means .“together") has conclusively 
forsaken its name. Zajedno, princip- 
ally led by Vuk Draskovic and Zoran 
Djindjic, helped organize three months 
of street protests against Serbia's dic- 
tator. Slobodan Milosevic. last winter, 
but now the two men are tearing the 
opposition apart Mr. Draskovic re- 
cently helped oust Mr. Djindjic from, 
his post as mayor of Belgrade, which 
returned control of the city and Bel- 
grade's only independent television 
station to Mr. Milosevic. 

One of the cruder laws of politics, it 
seems, is that when activists finally 
mount a challenge to a dictator, they 
often prove to be petty and oppor- 
tunistic. Exceptions abound, including 
many of South Africa's new leaders 
and ihe coalition in Chile that defeated 
General Augusto Pinochet. But the Za- 
jedno experience is common. The 
political conditions that sustain dic- 
tatorship also poison the opposition. 

After a meeting earlier this year in 
which Mr. Milosevic apparently prom- 
ised Mr. Draskovic a choice political 
post, Mr. Draskovic decided ro run for 
the presidency and enter his party in 
parliamentary elections. Mr. Djindjic, 
furious at not being consulted and un- 
willing to legitimize an election that the 
opposition could not win. decided to 
boycott. Mr. Draskovic has told as- 
sociates that he made his deal for fear 
that Mr. Djindjic would get there first. 

The story is a perfect example of the 


dictator’s tactic of divide and rule. 

South Africa’s apartheid regime cre- 
ated' death squads among a conser- 
vative black faction, sparking black- 
on-black violence that it nsed to justify 
continued white rale. 

In Kenya, the British rulers appoin- 
ted tribal chiefs, who did the colonists' 
work at the local leveL Today Kenya's 
longtime president, Daniel arap Moi, 
maintains the same system, arming tri- 
bal militias and pitting them against 
each other. Although Mr. Moi is 
widely hated, the opposition cannot 
agree on whether to contest a pres- 
idential election this year. 

Dictators can co-opt people because 
they usually run societies in which the 
government controls lucrative jobs, 
contracts, foreign exchange, credit and 
licenses. Opposition leaders are often 
cynics because their supporters de- 
mand it. Many citizens will follow a 
politician not because they like his 
plans for the country but because he 
can bring jobs and money to their eth- 
nic, regional or tribal group. 

Dictatorships, moreover, lack the 
mechanisms to keep the brutal or crim- 
inally greedy out of politics. There are 
no free press to expose them, courts to 
try thent or civil society to mobilize 
public opinion against them. People 
who grow up in a society that rewards 
only opportunism may not have much 
respect for democratic behavior. They 
may not even know what it is. Leaders 
come and go, but dictatorship’s habits 
are harder to break. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


An Important Trip 


President Bill Clinton's first trip to 
Latin America is not only a diplomatic 
catch-up. In its larger dimension it is 
designed to identify the United States 
with the forces of change that are 
sweeping furiously across South Amer- 
ica. This is worth doing, by presidential 
visits and the many other less con- 
spicuous ways in which the nations of 
the hemisphere encounter each other. 

In the '80s. much of South Amer- 
ica's change was obscured in the 
American view by Central America’s 
leftist insurgencies and rightist repres- 
sion and the various political currents 
they stirred in the United States. But 
those days are gone, and now the region 
is, in full view, widening and trying to 
deepen its hold on the institutions of 
market democracy. It is trying to deal 
with (1) competition in a globalizing 
economy. (2) popular pressures to 
share the fruits of economic and social 
change and (3) a striving to define the 

■ kind of country and society Latins 
want. They are tackling this formidable 

■ project, by the way. with notably fewer 
resources, including institutional ones, 
than the United States, which is having 

' its own troubles. Mr. Clinton will in- 
spect the process in Venezuela, Brazil 


and Argentina, three countries where it 
is taking place in a brave but for from 
proven fashioa 

The integration of the hemispheric 
economies has been proceeding apace, 
the more so as democratic procedures 
have been instituted, or at least 
honored in the breach, everywhere in 
the hemisphere but Communist Cuba. 
The results in trade, although nor fric- 
tion-free, have been of large and in- 
creasing benefit to the United States. 
This accounts for the current focus on 
the "fast-track’’ debate particularly as 
it affects trade with Latin America. 

Mr. Clinton will be saying to Latins 
that the U.S. government is ready to 
cooperate in coming to terms with the 
global economy — with promotion of 
trade and investment and with pro- 
tection of the individuals and social 
classes braised by the process. He will 
also be equipping himself to bring back 
a more authoritative grip on the issue to 
an American Congress and public still 
deeply conflicted by it He should be 
able to present himself as an effective 
spokesman for American companies 
and workers. This could be one of his 
more important trips. 

—THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Truths Told in France 


When societies face their participa- 
tion in a crime as overwhelming as the 
Holocaust, it is understandable that 
their memories sharpen, not dim, as 
time passes. In the years just after 
World War D, the nations of Europe 
created exculpatory myths about their 
own complicity. Only now, as untain- 
ted generations arise and study the 
past, ore those illusions giving way to 
truth. Recently in France, a myth was 
felled as France’s Roman Catholic 
bishops gathered in the Paris suburb of 
Drancy — once an internment camp 
from which 76,000 Jews were deponed 
east to their deaths — and made a full 
and anguished apology to the Jewish 
people for the church's silence during 
French collaboration with the Nazis. 

The Declaration of Repentance 
asked forgiveness from the Jewish 
people for the church's silence. "The 
vast majority of Church officials ... 
stuck to an 'attitude of conformism, 
caution and abstention," the declara- 
tion said, in pan because of * ‘constantly 
repeated ami-Jewish stereotypes." 

The Sept. 30 declaration's plain 
truths are all the more remarkable be- 
cause France and the Vatican have 
resisted acknowledging their history 
during the Holocaust. French leaders 
maintained the fiction established by 
Charles de Gaulle that the Vichy gov- ' 
cmcncm was a creation of Germany 
and a small group of French extremists, 
while the French people actively or 
passively supported the Resistance. 
President Francois Mitterrand, who re- 


vealed before his death that he had 
been a minor Vichy bureaucrat before 
he became a Resistance fighter, always 
insisted that France bore no fault for 
Vichy's sins - . It was left to his Gaullist 
successor, Jacques Chirac, to say in 
1995 that France held heavy respon- 
sibility for the depoitation of Jews. 

Last week in Bordeaux, a trial 
opened that may encourage more ex- 
ploration of the French role in Vichy. 
Maurice Papon, accused of ordering 
the deportanon of 1,560 Jews, is the 
highest-ranking French Vichy official 
to be tried for crimes against humanity, 
and only the second since the war. 
After the war his career flourished, and 
he was France’s budget minister in 
1981, when his past was discovered. 

Relations between the church and 
Jews have improved greatly since 
1965, when the Second Vatican Coun- 
cil condemned anti-Semitism and an- 
nounced that the Jews had not killed 
ChrisL Pope John Paul n, who was a 
teenager in Nazi-occupied Poland, has 
worked hard to build ties to Jews. Yet 
he has not yet apologized for the be- 
havior of the church during the war. 
Pope Pius XU kept silent when he was 
given credible repons of the genocide, 
and after the war he helped Nazi war 
criminals escape justice. 

The Vatican has been studying the 
possibility of an apology for some years. 
It is time to follow the French bishops, 
who have honored the truth, and in so 
doing have honored the church. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES 



Wounds in Southeast Asia Are Self-Inflicted 


W ASHINGTON — Money talks in 
economically vibrant America. 
But money moans in Southeast Asia 
today, sobbing out a tale of currency 
convulsions and investor anxiety that 
roils markets and political futures in that 
region and to some extent globally. 

The Indonesian rupiah has fallen 40 
percent in value since June. Malaysia's 
ringgit and stock market have bounced 
and wobbled, declining by up to 20 
percent in recent weeks. The Thai baht 
has been pulverized by poor manage- 
ment and market forces, and has been 
wheeled into the intensive care unit of 
international finance. Across Asia, 
bountiful boom is turning to bitter bust. 

These abrupt changes impose heavy 
new burdens on the region’s inhab- 
itants. Indonesia now owes 40 percent 
more on its doll ar-denomina ted private 
and government foreign debt of $100 
billion than it did four months ago. 
Thailand has been granted conditional 
bailout loam from die International 
Monetary Fund, which invariably call 
for austerity leading to financial pain 
and social unresL Malaysia has had to 
postpone grandiose, job-providing 
construction projects. 

Does this matter to others, and spe- 
cifically to Americans, who remember 
Richard Nixon telling aides that he did 


By Jim Hoagland 

not give a whit about die Italian lira? It 
does. And it matters most of ail how the 
international financial system responds 
to an Asian crisis of market mech- 
anisms and human values. 

The baht, rupiah and other monies 
are not the only casualties of this de- 
cade’s third great currency upheaval 
(after Britain 1992 and Mexico 1994). 
Just as sharply devalued are the political 
hubris and racial conceit known under 
the catch phrase “Asian values.” 

This pseudo-ideology has been 
championed by Prune Minister Ma- 
hathir bin Mohamad of Malaysia to 
explain why his subjects could so 
avidly adopt Western material stan- 
dards and financial systems without 
supposedly being interested in the 
"western” political ideals of demo- 
cracy, the dignity of the individual and 
the rights of free speech and assembly. 

Mr. Mahathir, China's rulers and 
their friends abroad have used the ar- 
gument to drop a curtain between East 
and West, and between ruler and sub- 
jects. In order to get ahead financially, 
Asian workers had to be content with 
traditional — that is, authoritarian — 
political and social structures. 


Mr. Mahathir's savage reaction to 
nervous foreign investors pulling 
money out of Malaysia's slock market 
and currency funds has exposed the 
racist nature, of his political argument. 
He has denounced George Soros and 
other "foreign financiers” for trying to 
destroy Malaysia as punishment for 
being too uppity. "I say openly these 
people are racists," Mr. Mahathir said 
in Kuala Lumpur after making a poin- 
ted if less inflammatory version of this 
argument in Hong Kong during the 
annual World Bank-IMF meeting last 
month. “They are not happy to see us 
prosper. They say we grow too fast; 
they plan to make us poor." 

Listening to Mr. Mahathir in Hong 
Kong, "I suddenly realized it was 
worse than I had thought," says one of 
the world's most influential bankers. 
"He really believes what he says. 
There is no other way to explain why he 
keeps coining back to tins nonsense 
when it damages his country's eco- 
nomy so dramatically." 

Mr. Mahathir and the others seek in 
desperation to hide the self-inflicted 
nature of their wounds. Authoritarian 
Indonesia and nouveau riche Thailand, 
outwardly so different in their political 
systems, are paying the price for the all 
too s imilar cronyism and corruption 


fostered by those systems, which kept 
foreign and domestic investors in the 
dark on key debt and currency reserve 
data as the crisis approached. 

Those investors and their bankers 
now clamor for a no-pain international 
bailout fund for this and future up- 
heavals. Japan's finance minister his 
floated the idea of a S100 billion re- 
gional safety net. Bill Clinton’s money 
aides, not having the luxury of being 
witless about the rupiah, arc huddling, 
electronically, with other financial 
wizards in the Group of Seven to figure 
out how to cope with Asia’s monetary 
whirlwind. They must not overlook the 
self-inflicted nature of the problems of 
the baht, rupiah, ringgit and others. 

Asia’s political structure* are 
already too interconnected with busi- 
ness and finance. They need the trans- 
parency and guardrails that democratic 
freedoms bring with them, in the- West 
and in countries in the East such as 
Japan and South Korea. 

Setting up a new fund even more 
vulnerable to blackmail by the Ma- 
hathirs of Asia is an invitation for more 
corruption, more investor disregard of 
risk, and more upheaval. The wizards 
should have no trouble standing to- 
gether against this proposal. 

The Washinchm Post 




China Policy: Clinton Has Support for Trying Engagement 


W ASHINGTON — Of all 
the large, open questions 
of American foreign policy, 
easily the largest is China: how 
to ensure that its remarkable 
development produces a coun- 
try that can be brought into an 
international system, one that 
will not be free of tension but 
will be ran Ity agreed rules. 

Hie question will get an early 
testing when President Jiang 
Zemin arrives in Washington at 
the end of this month for the 
first Chinese- American summit 
in nearly a decade. 

The Clinton administration, it 
appears, will be ready for him . Ln 
this instance, it has the elements 
ofa coherent policy in place, and 
it has begun explaining its ex- 
pectations for its guest. 

True, it is not clear exactly 
what will be on President Ji- 
ang’s mind. Recent American 
visitors to Beijing have found 
some Chinese cheerfully anti- 
cipating restoration of the 
Chinese- American normaliza- 
tion broken off by the Chinese 
Communist massacre of de- 
mocracy demonstrators at 
Tiananmen Square in 1989. 
Other, more apprehensive 
Chinese seem to rear that the 
United Slates is basically con- 


By Stephen S. Rosenfeld 


cerned to check their country's 
surging growth and power. 

On the American side, 
however, the Clinton adminis- 
tration is already claiming no 
small breakthrough. Although 
the daily static sometimes con- 
ceals it, the administration has 
won a substantial indication of 
bipartisan support that it hopes 
will sustain its chosen China 
policy through the ups and 
downs sure to come. 

While House national secu- 
rity adviser Samuel Berger sees 
American China policy moving 
through stages. From Richard 
Nixon's historic visit of 1972 to 
the Tiananmen massacre of 
1989, it was a renewed love 
affair. After 1989 came es- 
trangement and the partial iso- 
lation of China. The past three 
years have seen a return to 
something called engagement. 

The particular -issue people 
have brawled over most is 
whether or not the bestowal of 
normal trade terms (mislabeled 
as "most-fovored-oation.” or 
MFN, trading status) should be 
linked to Beijing’s performance 
on human rights. 

The human rights wars con- 


tinue, and should as long as 
Chinese abuses go oa But in the 
annual MFN battle this year, 
Mr. Berger now notes, the pres- 
ident's certification of China as 
trade-worthy was sustained by 
80 votes in die Republican 
Hoase and did not even come up 
for a vote in the Senate. You 
could say the president is trying 
to have a strong human rights 
emphasis and' a strong trade 
policy, and Congress is prepared 
to let him try it both ways. 

The American debate on en- 
gagement is over, says Mr. Ber- 
ger, although argument contin- 
ues on "priorities” — human 
rights, Tibet, trade, nonprolif- 
eration and so on. He is at pains 
to avoid indicating which of 
these perennially contentious 
items matters most to the United 
States, presumably for fear of 
having to choose among them. 

The American polity as now 
established plays to the tremen- 
dous political investment the 
Chinese Communist leadership 
has made in continued econom- 
ic growth. This investment asks 
from China not just a regard for 
the agreed terms of international 
trade but a general concern for 


good relations with countries 
like tiie United States. Those 
countries are its markets and its 
sources of investment and much 
else, and will be for a time ex- 
tending far into the future. ■ 

Outsiders cannot contain, 
isolate or turn their backs on 
Chini Mr. Berger says. If they 
treat China like an enemy, they 
will make it an enemy. 

Hence the administration's 
acceptance of "strategic dia- 
logue" with Beijing. 

Mr. Beiger is reluctant to say 
that the dialogue will lead to the 
ultimate and ambitious end 
stage of a strategic "partner- 
' ship. " But meanwhile the com- 
mitment to strategic "dia- 
logue" amounts to an 
acknowledgment of China's 
heavyweight status. 

Hence also the administra- 
tion’s quiet maintenance of the 
traditional U.S. forward military 
position on the Pacific Rim. 

The position includes the cen- 
tral, just refreshed security treaty 
link with Japan. These asser- 
tions of American global power 
may feed Chinese anxieties 
-about -the United States', ppst- 
Cold War purpose in die Pacific, 
but they constitute the essential 
strategic underpinnings of a dip- 


lomatic policy that otherwise in- ^ 
vites foe Chinese to integrate 
into the glottal system. 

The same policy also invites 
them, although of course it can- 
not force foam, to shed foe re- 
maining aspects of their Com- 
munist inheritance in ideology, 
single-party dominance and po- 
lice rale. 

Underneath it all Is a reaf- 
firmed American embrace of 
the original ‘ ‘one China” policy 
with its requirement that any 
change on Taiwan come peace- 
fully. By this turn President 
Nixon paid his dues to Chinese 
nationalism, showed his fidelity 
to Taiwan and won his historic ^ 
way ro Beijing in 1972. Pres- p 
idem Bill Clinton, following 
Mr. Nixon’s policy lead, pre- 
sumably will get his chance to 
moke the same trip in 1998. 

China’s part remains. Mr. 
Berger makes clear, to honor 
the international rules of con- 
duct in economic and political 
affaire alike. This is an oblig- 
ation imposed not only by 
American diplomacy but by 
American politics. The new 
consensus supporting the ad- 
ministration's China policy de- 
mands iL 

The Washington Puxi. 


Politics: When the Fundamental Questions Aren’t Posed 


L OS ANGELES — It is a 
strange and dishonorable 
time in American politics. A 
seemingly historic accord for a 
balanced federal budget, a once 
ballyhooed debate between the 
vice president and the House 
minority leader over the future 
of foe Democratic Party, the 
second-longest state budget 
deadlock in California’s history 
— all are either ignored or 
greeted with yawns. Have we 
reached the end of politics? 

Probably no more than we 
have reached the end of history. 
Yet there is a pervasive — dare 
it be said — malaise hanging 
like smog over the political 
landscape. 

Only the Senate hearings on 
campaign finance abuses 
roused even foe barest hint of 
popular interest, and that only 
with the increased likelihood 
that Attorney General Janet 
Reno will at last accede to foe 
obvious and appoint a special 
prosecutor. The public is dis- 
engaged and disgusted, the pols 


By William Bradley 


mostly jaded or going through 
the motions. 

In the absence of anything 
compelling in a positive sense, 
popular consciousness has be- 
come privatized, dominated by a 
voyeuristic media culture, as 
transfixed today by the spectacle 
of Princess Di as it was tty the 
O. J. Simpson trial before it. 

With the president taking his 
politics of affect onto 1 ‘Siskel & 
Ebert,” is it any wonder that tiie 
strongest images of conviction 
and leadership this year have 
come from better actors, 
namely Harrison Ford and Jodie 
Foster in "Air Force One" and 
"Contact”? 

Of course, there is no civil 
rights movement to infuse pol- 
itics with a deeper sense of 
meaning and morality. Nor, 
from a rightward perspective, is 
there the battle against commun- 
ism. Nothing obvious to bring a 
sense of passion and conviction 
to the political culture. 


Hus is not because there are 
not fundamental problems to be 
solved. It is because funda- 
mental questions are not being 
posed. 

In any tune of great change, 
as Robespierre noted, first prin- 
ciples are essential There are 
two central questions: How do 
we deal with the ascendancy of 
radical capitalism? and how do 
we reverse tiie deterioration of 
the public sphere? 

Radical capitalism is the 
dominant economic approach 
to this accelerative age. A capi- 
‘ talism taken to its root ideology 
of ceaseless change, unfettered 
markets, tax flight and foe ruth- 
less accumulation of wealth and 
power, radical capitalism is a 
logical mode for an era of ever 
advancing though still adoles- 
cent technology. 

That it is logical does not 
make it just, or even all that 
smart, especially when its ideo- 
logical mantra of “efficiency” 


For a Strategy Against Forest Fires 


J AKARTA — The fires ra- 
ging in Indonesia have re- 
sulted in serious air pollution 
not only for some 20 million 
people in Indonesian Kali- 
mantan and Sumatra but also 
for many millions more in 
Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei 
and parts of the southern Phil- 
ippines and Thailan d. 

This year’s outbreak is the 
fifth major annual occurrence 
of fire and smoke haze for 
Kalimantan on the island of 
Borneo. It is the second major 
fire outbreak for Sumatra in 
recent years. 

Thousands of people have 
been hospitalized, and some 
deaths have occurred, as a re- 
sult of the smoke and smog. 
Economic activity, especially 
adversely 


transport, has been 
affected. The losses 


irsely 
to the 


to billions of dollars. The 
fires are also having a cata- 
strophic impact on wildlife 
and biological diversity in Ka- 
limantan and Sumatra. 

The Association of South 
East Asian Nations should 
adopt a systematic control 
strategy to avoid a recurrence 


By Agtis Pumomo 

of the fires and the smoke, 
which traps transport and in- 
dustrial pollution ro create 
smog. A regional solution is 
needed. Government involve- 
ment is essential to ensure that 
the strategy is implemented. 
The international community 
should give financial and 
technical support. 

The strategy should include 
a moratorium on use of fire in 
land clearing by commercial 
timber and plantation estates 
and development projects un- 
til an effective system of fire 
control is in place in Kali- 
mantan and Sumatra. 

Such a system would apply 
strict regulations to burning 
and restrict it in sensitive areas 
and at times of high fire risk. 
Better rales and enforcement 
are needed, backed up by re- 
mote sensing from satellites to 
detect fires and dry areas. 

Local authorities must be 
given powers to enforce the 
regulations and issue permits 
before fire can be used in ag- 
riculture and waste incinera- 
tion. Companies and govern- 


ment agencies that use fire 
must be made financiall y and 


tion and fire fighting, and ap- 


i should be a complete 
review of all policies, regu- 
lations and practices that may 
have contributed to foe fires in 
Indonesia. They include sub- 
sidies and other economic 
policies affecting agricultural 
plantations, internal migra- 
tion, logging, timber planta- 
tions and the plywood, pulp 
and paper industry. 

The way decisions are made 
to change forest areas imo 
plantations has not been trans- 
parent Vast areas of plant- 
ations have been created. 

Integrated fire and land-use . 
management plans are also 
needed to support livelihood 
programs for local communi- 
ties so that they, too. feel they 
have a stake in sustainable ag- 
riculture. 


The writer is the Indonesia 
representative of the World 
Witie Fund for Nature. He 
contributed this comment to 
the International Herald 
Tribune. 


is examined from the standpoint 
of efficient for whom. In a so- 
ciety or at least a media culture 
obsessed with the pursuit of 
wealth, it is ironically telling to 
note that while more than 70 
percent of Americans have es- 
sentially no net worth, the richest 
1 percent own more than 60 per- 
cent of the nation's equity. 

Irony, of course, is best ap- 
preciated by the affluent, who, 
notwithstanding foe ceaseless 
hype emanating from Wall 
Street about the democratiza- 
tion of capital and the vast ex- 
pansion of “wealth" through 
minor investments in mutual 
funds, remain a small minority 
of Americans in this best of aU 
possible worlds. 

We are not going back to the 
past, which is a major reason 
why the AI Gore-Dick Geph- 
ardt debate over the future ofthe 
Democratic Party has been a 
nonstarter. Technological ad- 
vance and greater global eco- 
nomic integration are simply 
realities. To oppose them is to 
oppose foe tide, which worked 
out poorly for King Canute. - 

But to recognize change is 
not the same as patting a smiley 
face on radical capitalism, as 
many acquiescent politicians 
who call themselves Democrats 
now choose to do. The pace and 
direction of change are a pro- 


foundly political and moral 
matter. It remains unraised in 
this time of foolish idolatry of 
foe market 

As for foe second question, .. 
reversing the decline of the pub- £ 
he sphere will not be easy. Mak- 
ing troubled public programs 
like education work is randa- 
meotal, especially after foe de- 
cline and rail of the welfare es- 
tablishment But nothing matters 
more than ending the money- 
soaked culture of lying that has 
come to pervade politics. 

It may well be that, as a 
formerly liberal Democratic 
consultant told me foe other 
day, it won’t matter if foe White 
House is guilty of breaking foe 
law because the public believes 
that everyone does iL ft won’t * 
matter, be meant, in terms of foe m. 
next election. 

Leaving aside foe Fact foal not 
everyone in politics is corrupt, 
this all too typical cynicism 
provides the perfect underpin- 
ning for foe deiegitimization of 
politics and government. A 
wonderful result, at least from a 
right-wing perspective. Think 
of it as politics noir. 

The writer an adviser in sev- 
erer/ Democratic presidential 
and gubernatorial campaigns, 
contributed this comment to the 
Los Angeles Times. 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 
1897: Klondike Plan 


NEW YORK- — The United 
States Government has decided 
to. assist actively foe Govern- 
ment of Canada in foe suppres- 
sion of lawlessness in the 
Klondike region. With' foe first 
rash of goldseekers in foe spring 
a thorough police system will be 
in force. President McKinley 
has sanctioned a plan proposed 
by the Navy Department, which 
-contemplates the establishment 
of several stations on the Yukon 
river. A surgeon will be sta- 
tioned at each post when nav- 
igation opens in foe spring. By 
far the largest-mimber of trav- 
elers to foe Klondike will go bv 
the Yukon. 

1922: Spies Arrested 

■PRAGUE — A spy scandal 
among foe Czecho-Slovakian 
army officers at Brann is de- 
veloping into a political sen- 
sation. Several officers, among 


them the adjutant of General . 
Podhasjsky, the military com- A, 
mander of Moravia, have 
already been arrested on foe 
charge of espionage, it is be- 
lieved that they are members of 
an international spy organiza- 
tion. It is certain that they were 
engaged in work detrimental to 
foe safety of the republic. 

1947: Eva Peron Case 

BUENOS AIRES — Eleven 
men are to be tried in the Ar- 
gentine federal court on conspir- 

d/nrr<h<i mAn ff-11 ■■ r . 



President’s wife. Fed 
Maria Louge said th 

naflnn m.r ■ . . 



*** un “I 

me Presidential palai 
with ber husband fa 
aUon of a law givin, 
women. The judge h« 
assassination had be* 
as a step toward an 
rising against foe gov 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 


PAGE 9 


LANGUAGE 


Wien Potus Met Flotus: A Political Match 


By Will iam Satire 

YXT ASHINGTON — Comroverey 
., 7 . 7 , by a memorandum 

ft?? No r V ‘ 20,-1995, from high of- 
ncials of the Democratic National 
Committee to Harold Ickes, then 

nA ni l fn iih.. r ■ - _ 


Muckraking political pundits and 
nghteously reformist goo-goos were 
mcensed by this fund-raising from the 
federal property that — in less populist 
tunes — used to be known as the 
Executive Mansion, but today's ex- 
cise in irenic scholarship focuses on 
me increasing use of an acronym: 
Potus, which stands for "president of 
the United States." 

As a presidential aide in 1969, 1 first 
noticed this acronym on a label of an 
extension of a five- line telephone 
along the back wail of the West Wing’s 
Cabinet Room. When the button next 
to that label lighted up, the phone was 
answered with special alacrity. A sim- 
ilar button labeled POTUS was on the 
telephone set of H.R. Haldeman, the 
president’s chief-of-staff, and was 
used by him for colls both from and to 
Nixon. 

Jack Valenti, an aide to President 
Johnson, recalls the initials appearing 
on phones in that administration, but 
does not recall anyone using the ac- 
ronym in everyday speech, as in 
“What does Potus t hink ?” Hamilton 
Jordan of the Carter administration 
also says the acronym was not bruited 
about in their day; its White House use 
began, it seems, in the 



Nixon era and then disappeared for a 
while. 

In current practice, the acronym is 
not used in direct discourse with the 
president — nobody says, “How are 
you feeling this morning, Potus!" — 
but it is a handy, sassily insidish, be- 
hind- his-back reference to the indi- 
vidual in that office, as in “Is Potus in 
one of those moods where he wants to 
see teeth on the sidewalk?" 

Bert Lance — reached in Rosebud, a 
suburb of Calhoun, Georgia — remem- 
bers the acronym was the Secret Ser- 
vice designation of President Carter on 
the “locator," the device that tells top 
staff members where the president ana 
first family are at every moment Secret 
Service agents were reported to have 


picked up the term in everyday use 
during the Reagan years, and added a 
dimension: "To their Secret Service 
shadows they may be * Potus' and ‘ Flo- 
tus,' " wrote Donnie Radcliffe in The 
Washington Post in a 1983 citation, (he 
first use in the Nexis database. Flotus is 
“first lady of the United States." ah 
informal designation first applied to 
Mary Todd Lincoln that has become a 
quasiofficial title. 

In the Clinton .administration, the 
usage was extended to Vpotus ( pro- 
nounced VEE-po-tus) to refer to the 
vice president. 

This rash of acronym ese ending in 
“us" may have begun in wire-service 
coverage of a different branch of gov- 
ernment, Scotus is “wirespeak" for 
“Supreme Court of the United States." 
In 1983. as the Secret Service usage 

about the president began to appear in 
print, a New York Times editorialist 
took umbrage at rampant acronymiz- 
ation: “Is no Washington name exempt 
from shorthand? The chief magistrate 
responsible for executing the laws is 
sometimes called the Potus (president 
of the United States). The nine men 
who interpret them are often the Scotus.' 
The people who enact them are still, for 
better or worse. Congress.” 

This “nine men" error drew an 
amused retort from Justice Sandra Day 
O'Connor, who noted the need for up- 
dating New York Times files and 
tongue- in-chee Idly added: “If you 
have any contradictory information, I 
would be grateful if you would forward 
it — as I am sure the Potus, the Scotus 
and undersigned (the Fwotsc) would be 
most interested in seeing it" 

New York Times Sen-ice 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Tniscott 

T ENSION at the bridge 
table reaches a maximum 
when the contract is a doubled 
part-score that will produce a 
game if successful. In a pairs 
competition, it is likely that 
theside with a plus will have a 
top score, particularly if the 
declarer is vulnerable. 

On the diagramed deal it 
might appear that South would 
succeed in his contract of two 
spades doubled, reached after 
a Michaels cue-bid by North 
showing spades and a minor. 
Bnt die defense, by Rob Gor- 
don and Peter Bisgeier, in the 
East- West seats, was perfect 
The lead was the singleton 
trump, usually a bad choice 
but appropriate in these cir- 


cumstances. Dummy played 
low, and East won with the 
king and returned a crump. 
Dummy won, and South came 
to his hand with the club king 


NORTH 
♦ A to 9 73 
J3 2 

■> — 

* A8B42 


WEST(D) 

• 5 

A K 10 7 6 
•> A 10 9 8 5 

* J9 


EAST 

* K J82 
<7954 

0 J 6 

* Q 10 7 5 


SOUTH 

*Q«4 

■7Q8 

*KQ7432 

*K3 

North and South were vulnerable. 
The bidding: 

Wot North East Sontb 

1 3 2 C DM. 2 ♦ 

Pass Pass DbL Pass 

Pass Pass 

West fed tbs spade Qve. 


and led the diamond king. 
This was allowed to win, and 
a diamond was ruffed. 

South cashed the club ace, 
ruffed a club and led the heart 
queen. West, who had been 
careful to discard hearts and 
not diamonds, was now on 
lead in die position shown at 
right 

South had six tricks but 
could take only one more, go- 
ing one down. West led the 
diamond ace, and South could 
not afford to ruff in dummy. 

East would have overruffed, 
cashed the club queen and led a 
heart to his partner's ace. Tien 
a diamond lead would have 
promoted the spade eight 
Instead. South threw a club 
from the dummy and East did 
the same. Then another dia- 
mond was led and South was 


WEST 
* — 

9 A 10 
C 1 A 10 9 

*- 


EAST 
♦ J8 
995 
O — 

*Q 


COD 

A Biography of the Fish That 
Changed the World 

By Mark Kurlansky. Illustrated. 294 
pages. $21. Ne w York: Walker & Co. 
Reviewed by Molly Benjamin 

T HIS eminently readable book is a 
new tool for scanning world history. 
It leads to a vastly different perception of 
why folks did what they did. The king of 
Spain married off his son to the royal 
house of Portugal , all right; but what was 
at stake, which nobody in high school 
told us about, was fishing rights — then 
as now, fish meant money. Cod was also 
the original traveling food — dried and 
salted, it was one of the world's first 
nonperishables, making it not ooly an 
excellent trade item but fuel for cen- 
turies of carbo- loaded explorers. 

Historians often paint such exped- 
itions as flag-waving episodes. “Cod: A 
Biography of the Fish That Changed die 
Wand" is history filtered through die 
gills of the fish trade. As Mark Kur- 
lansky, who is also the author of “A 
Continent of Islands,” points out. be- 
tween 985 and 101 1 the Vikings in their 
open sail -and -oar- powered boats 
traveled from Norway to Iceland to 
Greenland to Canada (and probably 
Massachusetts') — the exact range of the 
Atlantic cod. 

Today's fortunes may be built on 
items like software, but for most of our 
histoiy people were very essentially 


helpless. 

Whether he ruffed or threw 
a heart. East would score one 
of his trumps, return a heart to 
the ace and score another 
trump trick at the finish after a 
diamond return. 


NORTH 
♦ A 10 
9 J 3 
0 — 

*8 


ACROSS 
1 " — - Network* 
(1980's comedy 
Benes) 
s False god 
a Phillips head 
item 

M vera 

is Austen's 
Wood house 
ie Mild cigar 
i? Unload, as 
stock 

ia Ruler ’s length 
ia Hammerin' 
Hank 

so ‘Just one 
gosh-dam 
minute!* 


23 Rebel (against) 

24 Vim 

as Part of the Dept 
otTrans. 
a Like a taxi 
Si Scrooge's cry 
84 The "A* m 
James A 
Garfield 
W Tire fill 

37 inter 

4a "Be politer 
4a Actress 
McClurg 

43 Handyman's 
vehicle - 

44 Detail map 
4* Poor grade 
40 Preschooler's 

auto accessory 


SOUTH 

♦ - 

98 

0 Q743 

*- 


Solution to Puzzle of Oct 10 


□□□HOB anDHIDnEI 

□sasHBE nnnnnHa 
EDO □□□□□0 I9SQD 
QQQQ □□an HHEI 

□anna □□□□ anas 
Hnnsan □□□□□□□□ 
□□□□nnaiaa 
□aasiBnina aamnaa 
t§dso □□sa saaan 
non Biaaa ossa 
sass QBanaa aan 

□□□QI3QQ OiEBOUEa 

EQQEJuuu aaaaaaa 

ughjuuuju usaasiB 


BOOKS 


concerned with food: Anyone able to 
know with certainty where the next meal 
was coming from was bound to be 
wealthy and powerful (ordinary people 
in the Middle Ages, for instance, ate a lot 
of salted whale meat). The Norsemen 
discovered that if you hungacodfish out 
to dry in nippy winter air it lost most of 
its weight and turned into something 
nourishing and, when popped into astew 
pot, tasty. The Basques had salt and 
added it to the curing process, an im- 
provement still favored by many cul- 
tures, including that of New Englanders, 
who routinely sit down (usually on 
Wednesdays) to a meal of mashed pota- 
toes mixed with salt cod and call it good. 
(There are recipes in this book, not just 
histoiy.) 

As for history, both Columbus and 
John Gabot were almost undoubtedly 
aware of the Grand Banks. The kings 
and queens who underwrote (heir voy- 
ages were hot for the Asian spice trade 
but were happy when each returned 
with news of riches of another kind: 
teeming schools of codfish almost un- 
imaginable to already depleted Euro- 
pean fisheries. 

If fishermen weren’t fishermen, with 
an intuitive need to not reveal their 
honey holes, the planet might have been 
explored earlier. Some 35 years later, 
Jacques Cartier planted a cross on the 
Gaspe Peninsula, claiming the territory 
for France — even as he noted about a 
thousand Basque fishing boats working- 
just offshore. 


CROSSWORD 


In a way, that fact alone tells us how 
many fish were in those 16 th-century 
seas. For 250years, 60 percent of all die 
fish eaten in Europe was cod. By the late 
1700s, codfish lifted New England from 
a distant colony of starving settlers to an 
international commercial power. The 
American Revolution was about polit- 
ical freedom, but, Kurlansky says, "in 
the minds of its most hard-line revolu- 
tionaries, the New England radicals." it 
was about what all revolutions are about: 
the right to make money. 

T ODAY, the cod stock off the Mas- 
sachusetts coast, once the most 
abundant and meatiest of all, is in trou- 
ble. Fishermen say it's coming back. 
Fishery managers, whose mismanage- 
ment helped create the crash, say things 
are still wobbly. “There’s a big dif- 
ference between living in a society that 
hunts whales and living in one that views 
them,” Kurlansky notes, one where 
nature is reduced to "precious demon- 
strations.” 

Long ago, humans were forced to give 
up hunting, and turn to raising domestic 
mammals - “It’s harder to kill off fish 
than mammals," he says. “But after 
1,000 years of hunting the Atlantic cod, 
we know that it can be done. ” 

Molly Benjamin, a former trawler 
captain who writes about commercial 
and sport fishing for The Cape Cod 
Times, wrote this for The New York 
Times. 


4> opposite nnw 
50 Hockey's 
Bobby 
11 Farm unit 
U'Hushl" 

«o Stocking stutter 
•1 Singer Guthrie 
62 Russia's 

tar- news 

agency 
•3 Musical 
eightsome 
•4 Pater the Great, 

eg- 

•a Nights before 
aa Beach spot 
•7 Chumps 
aa Start all over 


1 Window frame 

2 Nile quean, 
informally 

' a Tunnel fee 
4 South African 
expanse 

■‘Age 

. beauty* 

•Add up (to) 
7'Love. to Uvy 
■ Builder's 
-backing 
• With knees 
knocking 
ia Purse part 

11 Scarce 

12 February 14 
figure 

«3 Triumphed 


*1 Scrumptious 
22 *La Bohamer 
e.fl. 

28 Widely known 
2* Put up with 
2? Golfer with an 
■army* 

2 a Takas home, as 
salary 

JO Basketball 
backboard 
attachment 

31 Hallow 

32 Buenos — 
n Waste maker 

38 Fruit drink 
J7 Landers with 

advice 

39 Egg maker 

40 Former Mideast 
inits. 

41 Explosive, 
informally 

4« Devise 
47 Part of a 
cold -weather 
cap 

4a The ‘A* In 
SAG. 

SO Playful water 
animal 

s 2 *Comelnl* 

83 "Brandenburg 
Concertos’ : 
composer 

84 * each life 

some . . .* 

M Horse's mouthful 
90 Celestial bear . 



naAbrOngoiyLM 

© New York Tunex/Edited by WtQ Shorts. 


97 Donated 
sa Not new 
90 Sindafr rival 
00 “Send help!" 


sCf 

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tP- 

\5> Q 


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22.00 world News Europe 
22.30 insight 



INTERNATIONAL 










«**.v 




THE INTERMARKET 


-o +44 171 420 0348 






RECRUITMENT 


(S 1 * 1 

r t) 4 W 






Our client, the Federal Agency 
for Nuclear Control (F-AJN.C) 
is a new public instituiion 
with autonomous powers. 

The organisation is concerned 
with the regulation, licensing 
and monitoring of nuclear 
activity in the nuclear energy 
sector, with the industrial 
and medical applications of 
ionizing radiation and with 
scientific research and 
development. Environmental 
protection is one of our main 
concerns. 


responsibilities 

sensible for giving lead lo the organisation and 


Tour 

In this key position yog will be responsiL- 0 ... — a - 

for carrying out the decisions of the board; you will represent the organisation at industrial, 
scientific, administrative and public forums and at national and international level; you will also be 
responsible for the internal coordination of the various departments and help establish the broad 

outlines of their action programmes. 




This pioneering task can only be 
accomplished in a well 
organised and coordinated 
environment. Hence the need to 
recruit a fm/f) 


Your background 

This front-line position requires a bom communicator with a university degree, preferably in the 
Sciences or Applied Sciences, who has a Further qualification for the equivalent experience) in 
Nuclear Physics, Health Physics and/or Nuclear Safety. As a result of your experience in the 
sector, you are thoroughly familiar with the relevant legislation. You are creative and totally 
committed, you have a strong sense of responsibility, a been analytical mind, excellent 
management skills and a real Bair for organisation. Whilst attaching great importance to 
teamwork, you can work independently and you relish the chance to use your initiative. 

You have Belgian nationality, your mother tongue is Dutch or French and you are fluent in the 
second national language. You also hove a very good command of English. 




■ i ',V 


'^.Vi 

VM. 



Your future 

In this extremely responsible position, you will actively shape and develop the agency. Your 
creative contribution will, in fact, determine the future of the institution. 


: 4-l3v, 

■ V . 


Your reaction 

If this position appeals to you and you meet all the requirements, we would like to invite you 
for an exploratory talk. Your full curiiailum vitae and covering letter should be addressed to 
Mrs. Inge Egbecghs at Coopers & Lybrand, Organisation & Human Resources Consulting, 
Marcel Thiiylaan 216, \ 200 Brussels and should reach us by 28/1 0/9 7. 

,, Complete discretion is assured. 


.JX* 




r'Vlfi 

ft# 






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P*r. 






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• • . ■ l ■>*; v ■ 
. ! •~y T.# . if 

I'*". -W 



GENERAL MOTORS 


INTCRNATIONAL FINANCE OPPORTUNITIES 

Frankfort based Attractive salary + benefits package 


With a turnover in excess of $164 billion in 1996, General Motors is one 
of the most successful companies in the world. Comprising Opel, 
Vauxhall, Saab, Cadillac and Chevrolet in Europe, the Group has grown 
in sales by over $30 billion in the last four years and is an undisputed* 
market leader in its field. 


Continuing success and international expansion means that several 
opportunities have arisen for ambitious finance professionals to join 
their dynamic international team. You will be performing high-level 
operational audit reviews, examining the effectiveness of management 
systems and internal controls, and carrying out spedal projects as 
requested by management 

These are roles which involve 90% travel primarily to General Motors 
locations in : 

■ Germany ■ Russia ■ Spain 

■ Austria ■ Poland ■ Portugal 

■ Switzerland ■ Czech Republic ■ Greece 

■ Italy ■ Hungary ■ Turkey 

This is an invaluable opportunity to gain international experience in 
a variety of business areas. These openings naturally lead to a range 
of positions in finance and management after around three years. 

You will need: 

• 3-5 years' experience within the audit department of a “Top 6" 
firm of accountants, or 3-5 years' experience within the internal 
audit department of a global company. 

• Fluency in English and German, and good English writing skills. 

• Strong analytical and intellectual skills. 

• Motivation and the ability to work as a team player. 

• A dynamic personality with excellent communication and 
interpersonal skills. 

• Ability to work in a muiti-cultural and rapidly changing 
environment. 


If you can meet this challenge, then please write or fax to Maxwell 
Williamson, quoting Ref: MW/GM. 


CM is an equal opportunity employer, and diversity in the workforce is 
welcomed and encouraged. 


m 


LLOYD MORGAN 


Africa House 64-78 Klngrasy London WC2B 680 
Tctophom: 44 171 404 5S91 Hr. 44 171 430 2393 


'4: 


— 




tM 

ft 


ORGANISATION FOR 
ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION 
i&ND DEVELOPMENT seeks : 

A Telecommunications Engineer to manage its internal 
and international voice and data communications 
networks. 

Applicants should have a university degree in 
telecommunications, or related discipline, at least 5 
years of relevant experience, and full mastery of dgital 
technologies for multimedia communications and 
associated international services. 

Excellent knowledge of one of the two official languages 
of the Organisation (English and French) and a good 
knowledge of the other would be an advantage. 
Fixed-term appointment for an initial period of 2 years. 
Salary ranges between FF309K and FF444 K p.a. 
according to experience plus allowances according to 
family and residence situation. 

'AppScations, (quoting reference IHT/VAC/97/30) from 
nationals of OECD Member countries* should be sent by 
31st October 1997 to: 

OECD - Human Resource Management 
2, rue Andre-Pascal 
75775 Paris Cedex 16 - France. 
Applications from female candidates are encouraged 
Only shortlisted candidates voS receive an admn/ledgement 
For further information and our electronic application - . 
form see our web site www.oecd.org/agp/pers 

'Austria. Australia, Belgium, Canada, Czach Republic, 
Denmark. Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, 
Iceland, hwiand, Italy, Jap®i, Koran, Luxembourg. Mexico, New 
Zaataad, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal. Spain, 
Sweden, Switzerland. Tiatay, United Kingdom, United States. 



WWF - World Wide Fund for Nan r* Is die world's largest 
and most experienced independent cortser vjoun wgakduon. 


DIRECTOR OF 
COMMUNICATIONS 


WWF is seeking w recruit an hwodw »d experimoed professional wfch a. 
comp'-ebeTSve and prug essiue uidemsdqg of global aammunicadons and 
meda refadons to head Its Commurkadons Department at is htErnadonal 
headquarters In Sand, Switz er land. 


The OtreaorwUl have major responsibility for the promotion of WWFs 
corporate ktoxxy and iram a rio n al poddoning.ccigBtherwXh its refations with 
the international media. She/he vrii be responsible for the definition and 
development of cnmrranicadons strategies, gotosetrfog and the knptementadng 
of action pbm. She/he w* osn dot WWFs internal cormuriadons ire both 
eJfecdve and consistent. 


The person a p p oin t ed wdl have srergteadanhip and Interpersonal ddfc. be » 
strange thinker, and be able to modvaee a highly qutefied. mufc+cukwto team of 
oomruacators at WWF Vxemadonat, and help ooordme the communcadotv 
acdviaes of WWF National Or^nsanons. She/he vv£ have a broad underatandkig 
of ojrrent conservation cues and the tac&atian of oantTMtaCaonc, 4n*ahing 
and policy work Into wefl defined and orchestrated campa&ro. 

Apart from flavrtess written and spoken Engjkh. knowledge of other major 
languages would be a distirtet advantage. 

The Director wSt worit doseiy with the Deputy Director General of 
WWF International and report di reedy to him at a member of the senior 
management team. 

App fcario nsi with a fU Curriculum Vitae should be sene to the Hunan 
Resources Department ax WWF Internationa], Aw. du Mont Blanc, 
1 196 GBand, Switzerland by 31 October 1997. 

WWF Is an equal opporoanty employer. 


urticef 



United Nations Children's Fund 


OPERATIONS AND 
SENIOR OPERATIONS OFFICERS 


JOIN THE UNICEF TEAM 
HELPING THE WORLD'S CHILDREN 


Thi- L'niifd ’V.mons Children's Fund (UNICEF) with Headquarters in New 
'-eri. and an annual budget of about SI billion, islhe UN agency that works 
■n tnvr » 50 coun/riw to ensure the 5un.i\al. protection and development of 
children. We seek hitfiSv qualified candidate* for the positions of Operations 
and 5win.li Oper aiions Officer*. Cantkbles must be good team players with 
stron? background in accounung or related discipUne. Major responsibility 
oi the pmt> is to ensure that UNICEF's resources are property managed and 
that I he operational functions which mclude finance, accounts, personnel, 
admim;troifon. and supply are earned out in a cost effective, efficient and 
ir.inrparent manner. 

Qsoliti,-.siinr*- 


• Advanced unnerwlv degree in business administration, accounting, 
finance or equivaieni prorcswonal qualifications, 

• Mmimum ca ”-!0 years or progressive and relevani work experience. 

• Escelfcni management, communications (written and oral) and 
negotiation* ‘kills. 

• Computer kteracy including vise of spreadsheets. 

• Flumes m English required Additional proficiency in French preferred 

• Experience wot mtemaltonal operations and multi-cuhjral environments 
highly de»rabfe. 

Afplicatiuns by r«nate cantidates are especially wdoome. Interested can- 
ddakw sbaufJ send detailed resume, in English, to; Recruitment and 
Placement Section (H- 5F), Division of Human Resources, UNICEF, 3 UN 
flaza. New 'tod. NY 10017, USA. Applications for this position must be 
mcened by October 27, 1997. Acknowledgement wiil be sent ONLY to 
Jicnlifled candidates.' 

UNICEF is a «nofceJree enviroranaiL 


SECRETARIAL POSITIONS 


Secretaire de Direction Ressources Humaines 


Group* intamatvonol, 
nous sornnHf 
orgoaises par 
branches d'oetivit*. 
Notre broncho 
depend de la 
Direction G^nortrte 
bitemotfonole basee 
on Angletena. 


■ POS7E BASi EN FRANCE A SURE5NES (92) 


Ji Au son A une Direction Internationale Ressources Humaines, vous assvrez 
rodminislrofion du service pour le survi des effectih crvec fos etudes des 
saldres, ['evolution de lo masse salariale, la hose de donnees de la aeslion 
des corrieres... 


■ Tr^s & t'aise au niveau infornntique, vous travailterex a partir de directives 
prtdses. Roftde, vous vous organise* avec mfihode en survent fos cfeails et 
S*e reactive face aux situations d'urgence. 


, — franpaisoouront, vowavesune 

bonne connoissance des cultures inanaaise ou ecossatse. Vous sourez 4tabtir 
avec lo structure Europe un Iris bon rdationnel. 

Mend eKadriesser votre dossier aompief errec phato et rfem. s/f*f..HTK/495A, a 
PEREIRECONSSL 62/64 bdPhelre, 7501 7 Paris, ^ 

-PEREIRE CONSEIL 


•w 


JRESSOCSCES HUM/UNES1 


Aslan Delegation to OECD seeks 
BILINGUAL EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 

(EngKsb mother tongue) 

for the Ambassador 

Professional secretarial experience prefer* od, excel lew organizational dulls 
and professional presenuUoa. 

Organizing time scbedole. preparing and assisting in various act! vices. 
hareSine eomspoodme with oecasiooal usaslatioo. ■. - 

Sand CV wfth photo to: 

Hr. LSKJ. 2-4 rua Lotria OavW 75018 Paris 


See Wfednestfar/a htmmm rbet 


for 0UBieH Opportunities, 
Fcanthises. Commercial Real Estate, 
meto— arittlic— . Aatwanthg 

ml RnlntiiamHiI 
To odmtiK ueteet Sarah Washof 
on +44 171 0326 

or lax +44 171 420 0338 
A GREAT DEAL HAPPENS 
AT THE CYTERHARKET 




Executive Positions Available 


BUta/AL EXPBtTS nested, aduettd 
& equrteKed to flnanctf owtets br 
parefaHHB. satarietfbBeeneepe^one 
as transtatOT or «Bkw. ftx M 
reametatey nqteenott to THHWD 
*33 (0)144929310. Td 433 (0)144929311 


Executives Available 


AMERICAN F0RHER UW BHoiianrt 
Connartfer setfs poeBon as es«B su- 
peris* ExtertSKBpenenoahpanon- 
ul raregsroai Pwen skis m secuty 
fcmisScfi. No psogcOica! ras&iclnra. 
r E-rat bdOcapeoxtiMt Also tec 


PARIS-BASED EXECUTIVE, 56. 
cmsuKim. general n atBo an wn anti 
finance industry experience, fluent 
French, ampjat Bento, lop US MBA 
seefcs new ctatonge. Tct. Parts »33 
PI 45897411. Fat +33 R1 45652929 


50 mS EXECUTIVE 12 yrs ksnrtedge 

n *Bct sa&og in nvaial countries. 

bate hr new tete, quick h 8» uptake. 
Buung to en nBfX creatkn. Tgt +49 1 
*171 S«06 Fac +49 (0) 6171 


Genera! Positions Available 


Tin World Asaoctodon of Hc as papcrt 
(torawly REJ) 8 lootong for an 


Ativafelng Projects Kanaget 


The successU canto# wn 
probe Nstoer Input mi expertw 
in a wide tangs ot WAN acNtos 
ant all be responsUe for various 
baking and netwriang projects to 
httnaSorte toveL Kroitedge d 
Gie ethotelns kxhtort. psted 
1 b» in Engeb and French and 
the afrity to writ wOl a smel 
lean ct Vw# mototted paste are 
essenflaL Gras annual satey da 
FF 190000 . AppScatiors 
wtb pMo and CTshodd be sent to: 

Carstantfne Ksmaras, 
QhsckH, Newspaar Maaaeaeflt 
i UukBting Buraai. MflUL 
25 rue cTAatorg, 75000 PARS. 


EUROPEAN FOOD 
OfORJlATlON CWWCfl. SfflCS 


EXPERIENCED ASSISTANT 

Engtsh ntetier tongue, fiuant Fmocti, 


hW tangiMe a +. based in Parts, to a 
5-cronth COD i 


(stetfog niriOecernbar). 
Coraputor Berate. Bnefient coranmuni- 
cation sk3s. Good remuneration 
package. Port or Fax CV to: 
EURC, 1, peace dee P i rated i, 75D0t 
_ l«20«41 


Rate. Fn (0)1 ^ 


PARISIAN TRANSLATION AGENCY 
seeks apafenosd naOw Bij^h speak- 
inn tianten or I preol reader. Fi£Hir» 
preMon. Send CV nr Bn 425, Util. 
92571 Naiy Cede*. France. 


PARS LAW FWI SffiS 

I (Ertfsh-ftendi) 
tagueWme 

TRANSLATOR 
Vdd mteig papm «m«L 




WRITER; BAnguai. Eng Bsft mott ief 

MM**"- "“JSSS 

photomrtfc press agency. Wbrtm 


General Positions Wanted 


NEW YORMASED WEBNUL7BBM 

developer musl relocate W the Lyon « 

Pais me for 1 to 3 pen 

pgiencs in anteraaiivs drector, proved 


nanagamenl, (&flt con&ct^p rodu ctCT 


and fstteui sta*^ Uodast — ... 
npwa soon. ParW) ptrtofio avaiabto 
onSne; Vwafanwbolrarpaalon com . 
E-mat nie^ BH iulmc upo ra do nJan 
Seems kqaries on^. 


MDONESfA 

Buslneas devetopnerr orfanied nurwar, 
technical bariqynund German, stceSers 
ctinaitetobuaneBSOCiwandgovem- 
meat insadtons, lootetg br new chafe 

toige In Jateta aftsr succeteJ propd 

• ml flat 432, HI Friatthstf 15. 

, RartiuMttn Genuanr 


REFBEO BttiNGliAL American yang 

Ove prekion as travel companion o af- 
fluent dgnfisd entrepreneur. IHT, Box 
431, Via cassofc 6, 20122 Man Kety 


BA In TrentotiM / BEP in Secretarial 
Scums, mother tongues English ! 
French, Canadian sates w*fc &» 422. 
LRL 92521 Meiifly Cedes, Ranee 


Secretariat Positions Avattebie 


URGENT ASSISTANT SEARCH 

Smte hvestmml company footed near 
Ctanf^aysses seeks an assttare. 
The posEon B deAen^ng wBi many 
Required preBe: 


motbar ferae, tiers French 
iWfctowai 


■ Conpt*f si*. Wtows 95, Cffice 97.- 
- Basic accovtong nodens b a plus, 
team and mum to: 

BJG, S AwMe Moceau, THIS Poto 

(mh* efigbothoLoim} 


MINER VE 


# 


SES(S for AMERICAN 

FIRMS in PARIS 
mother tongue secretaries, 
of French required. 

422 Rue Saint Honore 
75C08 Pate, France 
Tab (0) 1 42 SI 75 76 


FLUENTLY SSngirti Engbft seaetein. 
oiM ath 2-3 yeae etpantece. 
T ftns. Tit 1 33j0)f -14779150 




I ' r ' 

I ' 


Secretaries AvsSable 


YOUNG EXKUTIYE SECRETARY. UN 
saf acefiert comreuneaw and orna- 
nrationa) sWb. osipim tome, but 
si French. Engfeh and ArattSafiteRo. 
sfiol r« Cara 3310)1 A561G362 




Educational Positions Available 


setose 

COMPUTER SCIENTIST 


OuaBed n leach 
uner4evto undeigodate comes 
in Corrpmer Greptaica 
or 

SotoiEre Engtoeemg 
or 

HasrM . 

or 

DMa Bases and Data Bose 
Turing Teefwjuo. 


; N l-i 


t. 


EEC national or vtofo worii 
pemrt for France mandawy 

Chair. Depritraare of Computer 
and Natural Sohich 
TM American Unrrera# ot Paris 
31 Avenue Bcnquet 
75943 PARS Ceto 07. 


ENGOSN TEACHERS 


Experienced 

tar Btsness Peopte. 

Dynamc, Friend^ Team. 
Immave reaching Uethods. 
Pbo^UxAs Acting Papere 
ConpU&r du LanguHfOl) 45 61 53 58 


tirrf 


CANADIAN FAMLY BASS H PARS, 
Is setting highly quteed natw Engteh 
speaking Goranees to TEACH and 
SUPERVISE Muring ot 3 nouna chtelran 
{ages to. a Q. Bqueta s of at moa 
importanca OW 7 top fovto retarencas ell 
be ccntoderal hi tone podaon. Reptf 
to Bu 420 . IHT. 181 ave Cbaries de 
Ga*42S2i Neuter ntx. Ranee 






• • J ‘s- • 

• • - V-^ 


ENGUSH FOR EUROPEAN BUSHESS 
saeta Engfish language trainers, with 
teacttngitMBiness experience. 10 to 25 
tassteeefc to map fterfli oompanas. 
Ranch mridng papers A car reqtoreri 
Fax name Parts +33 (0)M0 71 63 46 


GENERAL 


MAILED FROM AMERICA 


DISCOUNTS IP Tft 30% 


On abnast any US Book in Print 
NEW WORLD BOOKS 
9735 River And - PO Bus 545 
Marcy. NY I3403-0S45 
315-798-4455 - FAX 315-798-1312 
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ifenilb.a^^eribunc 


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SUBSCRBER CUSTOIER SERVICE: 
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gluoi 0800 17538 France 0800 437437 
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where (+33) 1 41439361 THE AMERI- 
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Elsewhere (+ 1 ) 212 7523890 ASM: 
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Auto Rentals 


fBCT AUTO DERGt PRANCE: Wetorand 
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Business Opportunities 


0ffSH0REC0tePAIKS.Fatoeb(o- 
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U S. Carrier Enters Gulf 
As Iran’s Navy Deploys 

Tehran Says Fleet Starts Sea Exercises 

Tk~ A ...... 


The Associated Press 

DUBAI. Unued Arab Emirates — 
if FCra ? carrier Ni ™tz arrived 
“ * c Gulf , on Sunday, a day after Iran 
began naval maneuvers in the strategic 

w“ii?S h which rauch ^ 

2^Mj d M Gor ‘ don Hume ’ spokesman 

of the U.S. Navy s Fifth Fleet, Chfchbas 
headquarters in Bahrain. 

The United States ordered the Nimitz 
to proceed to the area two weeks ahead 
of schedule after Iranian aircraft bombed 
two Iranian insurgent bases in southern 
a v Iraq on Sept. 29. 

* ’ The.raids violated the Western allies ’ 
•nt^fUfihr’ zone set up in the wake of 
the Gulf War. 

U.S. May Seek UN Ban 
On Travel by Iraqis 

Reuters 

UNITED NATIONS, New York — 
The United Stales intends to circulate a 
resolution this week that may call for 
travel bans on Iraqi officials, although 
diplomats say it is far from terrain that key 
Security Council members will approve. 
Last week, U.S. officials consulted 
A with several council members. They said 
” America was seeking a travel ban mi Iraqi 
officials responsible for obstructing the 
work of UN arms inspectors. 

But with France, Russia and China 
disinclined to approve further measures 
against Iraq, there were doubts whether 
new sanctions would be adopted. 


ijli X&P 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 


INTERNATIONAL 


Washington warned Iran and Iraq, 
which sent up two fighters after die raid, 
against further violations of the zone. 

On Saturday, the Iranian Navy began 
maneuvers, which state-run Tehran tde- 
vision said were meant to “display 
ban's capability and increasing 
strength” in the "face of the ’’onslaught 
of foreigners.” 

The broadcast showed ships, heli- 
copters and submarines moving into 
place for the exercises. 

More than 30 ships, including two 
Russian-built submarines, and scores of 
planes and helicopters will take part in 
die 10-day exercises, the official Islamic 
Republic News Agency said. 

Asked about the possibility of a con- 
flict with the Unitea States, the Iranian 
defense minister, Ali Shamkham, said 
Tuesday: “We don’t see any reason for 
friction, but we cannot speak about the 
belligerence of the other side.” 

On Sunday, a senior Iranian Navy 
official said U.S. warships, helicopters 
and radar were closely mom tearing the 
maneuvers. 

The Iranian news -agency quoted Ad- 
miral Ashkbous Danchkar as saying that 
Iran had “taken all the precautions and 
measures” to ensure "that the latest 
naval combat tactics would not be ex- 
posed to the enemies.” 

Admiral Home said the U.S. Navy 
was aware of the Iranian maneuvers but 
he would not comment on the Iranian 
remarks. 

Iran considers the Gulf its sphere of 
influence and opposes the U.S. military 
' presence in the area. About 20,000 U.S. 
service members and 20 combat and 
support ships are deployed in die Gulf. 


PAGE 11 


Turks Report Killing 
797 Kurds in Iraq 

ANKARA — Turkey said Sunday 
that its troops and Iraqi Kurdish allies 
had killed 797 separatist Turkish Kurds 
and lost 46 men in three weeks of 
fighting inside northern Iraq following 
an army incursion into the area. 

“A total of 797 PKK members have 
been kffled in action and 40 others have 
been captured alive or surrendered,” a 
military official told the state-run Anato- 
lia news agency in northern Iraq, re- 
ferring to the Kurdish Workers Party by 
its mitiala . 

Eleven Turkish soldiers and 35 fight- 
cans from the Kurdistan Democratic Party, 
allied with Ankara, have been killed in 
the campaign since Sept. 23, the official 
said, with 50 soldiers and 140 Kurdistan 
party members wounded. (AFP) 

Winnie Mandela 
Faces Truth Panel 

JOHANNESBURG — Winnie 
Madilrizela-Mandela, former wife of 
President Nelson Mandela, goes before 
the country's Truth Commission cm 
Monday as it probes charges she was 
directly linked to unsolved crimes dat- 
ing back from tire late 1980s. 

Mrs. Madikizela-Mandela was sub- 
poenaed in August to answer allega- 
tions of involvement in murders, ab- 
ductions and torture committed while 
her former husband was serving a 27-. 
year jail term. 

The commission is investigating ac- 
cusations made against her by 45 wit- 
nesses. Bnt the inquiry Monday is ex- 
pected to last only the day, and nothing 
she may say to the panel will be re- 
vealed in public. An open hearing will 
be held in November. (Reuters) 



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BLESSED — A Mass being celebrated Sunday at St. Peter’s for the beatification of Mana Teresa Fasce, 
an Italian nun; EUas Del Socorro.Nieves, a Mexican priest; Maria di Gesu Emile d’OuItremont, a Belgian 
who founded an order of nuns, and two Italian priests, Giovanni Battista Piamarta and Domenico Lentmi. 


Cameroon Begins 
Voting for President 

YAOUNDE, Cameroon — Polling 
opened in Cameroon on Sunday for a 
presidential election being boycotted 
by the main opposition, which has 
urged supporters to disrupt the ballot, 
witnesses said. 

In the capital, Yaounde, a traditional 
stronghold of the long-serving pres- 
ident, Paul Biya. only a handful of 
people had voted at 1 1 polling stations ' 
visited by reporters an hour after polls 
opened at 8 A.M. 


There were no immediate reports of 
trouble or of attempts to stop people 
voting. Polling officials said they ex- 
pected more people to cast their ballots 
after church services. 

The boycott is led by the Social 
Democratic Front of John Nfru Ndi, 
whose base is in the English-speaking 
northwest. (Reuters) 

Doomed Airliner 
Tried to Avoid Storm 

NUEVO BERLIN, Uruguay — The 
Argentine airliner that crashed in Uru- 


guay, killing all 74 people aboard, was 
downed by a violent storm that sent it 
falling like a fireball, officials and wit- 
nesses said over (be weekend. 

Witnesses said the DC-9 Austral air- 
liner plummeted into a marsh late Fri- 
day and was broken into countless 
pieces, making it almost impossible to 
recover the remains of passengers and 
crew. 

Despite the pilot’s attempts to avoid 
an approaching electrical storm by 
rerouting the flight, bound for Buenos 
Aires from Posadas in northeast Ar- 
gentina, the plane was probably caught 
in the eye of the storm and downed, 
officials said. (Reuters) 







'■ 

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ISRAEL: Assassinations Accepted as Necessary 

Continued from Page 1 first time in public that Israeli hit teams hai 


uy, and we don't live in a normal region.” 

Crown Prince Hassan of Jordan, in a long 
conversation last week full of bewilderment 
and barely suppressed rage, put it differently. 
The Jewish state's tradition of glorifying cov- 
jj en killing, he said, “is a part of Israel’s not 
wanting to become a country that is part of the 
region." 

“For a country' (hat is besieged, taking out 
figures in other countries who are actively 
involved in military activities against yon, 
obviously I can see that that is regarded as 
gallant among the general public,” Prince 
Hassan said. But Israel, he said, must grow out 
of that view if it wishes to replace its defiant 
isolation with normalized, peaceful relations 
with its neighbors. 

“If you expect transparent, legally binding 
peace treaties with countries in the region, 
then dearly you can’t move into your neigh- 
bor's turf, a country that entertains open re- 
lations with you,” the mince added, “and 
destroy the credibility of that country by using 
strong-arm methods.’* 

Israelis argue that they are locked in a life 
or death struggle and have no 'practical 
choice of tools. Against hostile govern- 
ments, officials said, they have other means 
of pressure and do not resort to assassi- 
nation. But terrorists, among whom the 
Israelis count Hamas and, at one time, the 
Palestine Liberation Organization, can be 
combated only in kind. 

a Mr. Netanyahu, in his only televised de- 
fense of the assassination mission, said the 
alternative to “brave decisions” like the one 
to target Mr. Meshal is to heed “frightened, 
alarmed voices” that are explaining “why we 
must sit with our hands tied when facing these 
murderers.” - 

“It’s the old-time religion — eye for an 
eve.” said a senior U.S. diplomat. “It’s very 
biblical, and a basic value of post-Holocaust 

JC After the PLO’s Black September arm 
mounted a hostage-taking operation mwhich 
11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich 
Olvmpics were killed. Mrs. Meir 
Mossad to find those responsible and loll 
them. In 1993. a former military mteUigoice 
^ director. Aharon Yariv, acknowledged for the 


first time in public that Israeli hit teams had 
carried out those orders. 

Along the way, in one of the organization’s 
most h umiliatin g mistakes, Mossad assassins 
killed Ahmed Bouchikhi, a Moroccan waiter 
in the Norwegian ski resort of lillehammer. 
The killers mistook him for Ali Hassan 
Salameh, a security aide to the PLO leader, 
Yasser Arafat 

Mr. Salameh, known as Abu Hassan, was 
widely reported to have played a key role in 
organizing the Munich Olympics operation. 
In 1979, the Israelis did catch up with Mr. 
Salameh and killed him in Beirut. 

In 1988 Israeli agents killed Khalil Wazir, 
Mr. Arafat’s senior deputy, known as Abu 
Jihad. In 1995 they killed die Islamic Jihad 
leader, Fatbi Shikaki, in Malta, and the fol- 
lowing year they used a booby-trapped cel- 
lular phone to kill Yehiya Ayash, a Hamas 
bomb maker known as “the Engineer,” in 
GazaGty. 

Even Ha’aretz, Israel’s most left-leaning 
newspaper, justified Mr. Shikaki ’s assassi- 
nation m an editorial “In legal terms,” the 
newspaper wrote, “we are talking here about 
self-defense, of denying the man the capa- 
bility of continuing to initiate acts of mass 
murder.” 

With this history in mind, Mr. Netanyahu’s 
director of communications and policy plan- 
ning, David Bar-Dan, defended the prime 
minister’s decision on Mr. Meshal by saying, 
“He did what every other prime minister 
would have done.” 

Mr. Bar-Dan said be disagreed with ref- 
erences by President Bill Clinton and the U.S. 
State Department spokesman, James Rubin, 
to “political assas s i n a t ion.” 

“We don't consider this political assas- 
sination,” be said, “This is in die same line — 
and I'm not saying we did it, because I cannot 
formally say we did it — as the Yehiya Ayash 
assassination, the Fathi Shikaki assassination 
and the Abu Jihad assassination. The whole 
world cheered the way these assassinations 
were executed and the results. These were 
known terror leaders, people who were re- 
sponsible for the murder of scores if not 
hundreds of civilians.” 

Among Israelis, the only fu n da m ental crit- 
ics of assassination as policy are its Arab 
citizens. 



Athenee Palace Bucharest Hilton, October 29-30, 1 997 

The International Herald Tribune’s Romania Investment Summit promises to provide an 
unparalleled forum for high-level discussion, debate and decision-making. 

Timed to coincide with the anniversaiy of President Emil Constahtinescu’s first year in 
office, the program, for the two days will address both the extraordinary investment 
opportunities and the issues that need to be resolved to further encourage investment 

President Constantinescu will give the opening keynote address and host a special dinner 
for summit participants and speakers at Cotroceni Palace, which houses the presidential 
offices - measures aimed to show the importance Romania accords to this summit. 

The dinner will be sponsored by RJR Romania 


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MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 
A 


International Herald Tribune 



A Special Report 


French Business & Technology 


A New Way 
Across Town 

Transport Project Aims 
To Alleviate Congestion 

By Digby Lamer 


P ARIS — One of the biggest challenges 
facing urban transport designers is to find 
ways of moving people around crowded 
cities quickly, cheaply and with minimal 
impact on the environment. In France, where cer- 
tain car owners recently were prevented from driv- 
ing in central Paris for a day to cut pollution, the 
need for progress is especially great 
From next month, residents in parts of Marne-la- 
Vallee, outside Paris, will be able to try out one 
possible solution. The TVR (Transport sur Voie 
Reserve), part electric tram, part conventional bus, 
is guided by a specially constructed central rail. It 
runs on pneumatic tires and is fed by an overhead 
electric cable. 

The TVR will be tested on an existing bus route 
by the Parisian RATP urban transport authority for 
an indefinite period. With a capacity of up to 200 
passengers, it was originally commissioned for the 
northern French town of Caen where it now op- 
erates on a regular IS-kilometer route. 

Following its successful introduction there, the 
designer and manufacturer. ANF-Bombardier of 
Crespin, France, realized the TVR could be just as 
effective in larger, more congested cities. An ANF- 
Bombardier spokesman, Laurent Lhardit. said the 
main advantage of the new system was that it 
■rovided an efficient rail service without the need 
‘or the expensive infrastructure of traditional rail 
transport. “The single rail used by the TVR is’ 
relatively cheap and easy to install,'' he said. 

He added, "Because the vehicle can climb gradi- 
ents of around 13 percent, compared to about 5 
percent for trains and trams, there is ho need to 
build special bridges or crossings. You simply 
install the track on a normal bos route." 

Although ANF-Bombardier declined to disclose 
the TVR's development costs, Mr. Lhardit said the 
per-kilometer bill for installing TVR track was 30 
percent to SO percent below an average 100 million 
francs (S17 million) for ' conventional tramway 
track. The 1.5 kilometer Transval-de-Mame bus 
route being used to test the TVR was chosen be- 
cause it is isolated from other road traffic. But if the 
RATP does adopt the system, it will be used on city 
bus lanes next to other vehicles, said Mr. Lhardit 
"Using the rail is important psychologically. 
Delivery trucks and cars often park or drive in bus 



The TVR . part electric tram . part bus. operates in Caen and will soon be tested in Paris. 


F< 


lanes because they know that buses can get around 
them. With a track they wouldn’t have the same 
altitude." 

Other vehicles are able to cross the rail when 
necessary, thereby cutting out the need for special 
junctions. A spokesman for the RATP said it in- 
tended trying out two similar systems before de- 
ciding which to use. The TVR, conceived in 1985, 
is being tried first because ir is the only production 
vehicle currently available. 

A LSO in development is the Translohr 
tram from Lohr of Strasbourg. As with 
the TVR, it is guided by a single ttack and 
fed by overhead electric cables. 

With little to choose between them technically, 
the RATP's choice will be based largely on per- 
formance and cost. 

Not so for the Civis, the product of a combined 
effort by Renault, the French auto manufacturer, 
and Mafra Transport International. 

Matra-Renault designers recognized that, in cre- 
ating ever Larger buses to carry more passengers, they 
needed to install powerful motors that, themselves, 
took up valuable floor spice. The Civis, which can be 
powered by electricity or diesel, has dispensed with 
the cumbersome drive shafts normally used to link 
combustion engines with vehicle wheels. 

Instead, a diesel engine powers two compact 
electric motors sitting behind each of the Civis’s 
rear wheels. This gave vehicle designers greater 
leeway in supplying passenger needs* said Matra- 
Renault spokesman, Patrice Berger-Perrin. 

4 ‘It means we can have floors that are level almost 
throughout the vehicle and which are lower than on 


normal buses. That makes life easier for elderly and 
disabled people to gel on and off," he said. 

While the current Civis prototype carries a max- 
imum 160 passengers, Jess than the TVR, its de- 
signers hope to beat the competition by creating a 
ch eaper- to- install guidance system. 

Instead of using a fixed track, Matra-Renault is 
developing an optical system using cameras. The 
cameras are installed below the Civis's body and 
follow a painted line on the surface of the road, 
making the infrastructural costs lower than for the 
fixed rail TVR and Translohr. 

"The cameras effectively ‘read’ the painted line 
and transmit that information to the steering mech- 
anism.” said Mr. Berger-Perrin. “That means you 
can be very precise about the places where stops are 
situated. The optical system allows drivers to pull 
op within centimeters of a raised platform, just like . 
on a conventional track, making it easier for pas- 
sengers to get on and off. " 

The optica] guidance system is still in prototype 
and not yet ready to be used in a production vehicle. 
Its dependence on a painted line makes it vul- 
nerable to damaged surfaces, or may be affected by 
seasonal problems such as leaves and snow. 

For all three projects most of the cost is being 
bora by the manufacturers although the RATP is 
covering some infrastructural costs. All three 
companies hope to recoup their money from sales 
to towns both in France and abroad. Mr. Lhardit 
said that because problems of congestion and pol- 
lution are common to many countries, he expected 
the market for such vehicles to be very large. 

DIGBY LARNER is a journalist based in Paris. 



Can He Get a Deal From Business and Labor ? j 


By Joseph Fitchett 


P ARIS — Prime Minister Lionel 
Jospin and his Socialist government 
appear convinced thru they need to 
deliver on campaign promises — even 
though the Socialist platform was conceived 
when they seemed to have little chance of 
coining to power. In office, the new gov- 
ernment has had some luck. A spurt of growth, 
the dollar’s rise and U.S. real estate groups’ 
block buys have eased the glut of empty office ■ 
space in Paris. 

Now the Jospin government hopes that this 
promising start can be translated into a for- 
mula for coaxing French employers and un- 
ions — including the largest employer, the 
government and civil servants — into seeking 
compromise rather than confrontation on eco- 
nomic issues. 

For die moment, investors inside and out- 
side France have taken a "wait and see” 
attitude, focusing on three challenges where 
Mr. Jospin may get breakthroughs: 

• Chronic joblessness. 

■ Corruption in government-related busi- 
nesses. 

• Privatization and deregulation to expand 
private initiative. 

A defining moment for the Jospin gov- 
ernment is the national conference on jobs that 
opened last Friday. The negotiations between 
trade unions, the employers’ association and 
the government are aimed at triggering a 
breakthrough on unemployment. The French 
jobless rate is about 12.5 percent, although it 
.is much higher among youth. 

For public opinion, this statistic has be- 
come the main symbol of the country’s eco- 
nomic malaise. 

A plan to create 350,000 entry-level jobs in 
the public sector defied conventional eco- 
nomic wisdom but addressed the pessimism 
of a middle class which fears that its children 
will no longer be able to find secure em- 
ployment 

This 10 billion franc ($1 .7 billion ) program 
is defended privately by the left as a gesture 
tiiat will embarrass businesses and unions into 
iromise on greater flexibility in the labor 
t 

At die jobs conference, the government 
hopes to get agreement on its campaign 
pledge — “a 35-hour workweek paid the 
same as 39" — by finding practical, cost- 
neutral ways to implement it 
Many French managers say die real barrier 


to job creation is the difficulty offering off ; . 
workers. Mr. Jospin has pledged that he wants' J 
to restore a law requiring prior government i 
approval for any layoffs. 

“Even if you could affordthetsiywMSvlht *- 
process takes so long that your executives > 
have no time left to do business," said m * 
executive in a privately owned insurance j 

Deregulating the labor market ts essentially < 
up to Martine Aubry, the employment minister*.* 
Meanwhile, Finance Minister Dominiqtxs»i 
Strauss-Kahn has two priority assignments.^ 
One is the French budget, which he has sue- . 
cessfully crafted to keep France on track for the 1 
single European currency. The other is pri- ‘ 
v anza tion. Although banks and many indus- ■ 
tries have been turned over to the private sector, | 
France’s utilities and defense industry and - 
many minor enterprises are still nationalized. ; 

Mr. Strauss-Kahn seems to be steering a 1 
middle course. Unlike his conservative pre- ; 
decessors, he seems to be making progress in , 
increasing the marker exposure of France • 
Telecom and key defense contractors. 

Privatizing them is "desperately essen- 
tial,” according to a foreign financial analyst 
in Paris, who said the change could "rip open ! 
the network that still controls the command- u 
mg heights of the economy, ensure that these p 
companies become internationally compel- : 
itive and deal a body blow to the incestuous ] 

ties between government and business that are : 

a source of so much corruption." 

1 

T HIS area is the responsibility of; 
Justice Minister Elizabeth Guigou. 

Last week her ministry pressed crim- ■ 
inal investigations against executives , 
of the Bouygiies group, France's leading pub- * 
lie works con tractor and also owner of TF1, the j 
nation’s leading private television network. 

.A growing concern in France focuses on | 
links between companies seeking government • 
contracts and also running powerful media ' 
companies, especially television, that could . 
by to offer influential coverage as a way of ; 
getting business from politicians. , 

“Flexibility,” a taboo word for labor, isj^i 
central to the government’s grammar of ac- A 
rion. Last weekend Mrs. Aubry disclosed that ■ 
she was reconsidering her revenue-saving de- ! 
cision to cut family allowances to well-off ; 
households, another example of government , 
efforts to make a deal and not an enemy. 

JOSEPH FTTCHETT is on the staff of the . 
International Herald Tribune. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 


B 


FRENCH BUSINESS & TECHNOLOGY / A SPECIAL REPORT 



Gerard Dupuis, an artisan at Buffet-Crampon, ensuring that an instrument's internal bore is just right. 


Fine-tuning Clarinet Production 


$ 


By Barry James 


M ANTES-LA-VILLE, 

France — Of all the wind 
instruments, Mozart most 
loved the clarinet Von 
Weber used it to express his most 
sublime passages. Generations of jazz 
players have adopted it for its velvety 
low tones and liquid highs. Intimate as 
the voice and stretching a remarkable 
four octaves, the tone of the clarinet is 
for many musicians as close to per- 
fection as human nature can get 
It’s probable that this tone will have 
been born in Mantes-la-Ville, a small 
town 60 kilometers (37 miles) west of 
Paris, which is home to two of die four 
leading manufacturers of professional 
instruments in the world, Buffet-Cram- 
pon and Henri Selmer. 

Both have their lactones on the 
same nondescript back street Another 
manufacturer. Leblanc, which is now 
American-owned, has its factory in die 
countryside nearby. Die fourth, 
Yamaha, is in Japan. 

The production of a fine clarinet 
relies for the most pan on savoir faire, 
handed down from generation to gen- 
eration. but also on a judicious ad- 
mixture of sophisticated technology. 

At the Buffet-Crampon plant, com- 
puter-aided machine tools shape the 
ebony wood body of the clarinet But 
computers cannot handle nuances. It 
takes die experienced eye and touch of 
two artisans. Philippe Rougier and 
Gerard Dupuis, to ensure that the in- 
ternal bore, which varies along the 
length of the instrument, is exactly the 
right size. They, in effect, give die 
clarinet its soul, because if the bore is 
an almost imperceptible fraction too 
big or too small, an experienced player 
wUl notice it immediately. 

In its 200-year history, the clarinet 
has been an object lesson in the ap- 
plication of technology to basic acous- 
tical design. From its open-hole, 13- 
key design in the eady 19th century, it 
has evolved into a complexity of keys, 
pads, rings and springs. 

The instrument took on its modem 
form in 1939, when Louis-Auguste 
Buffet, with the help of a virtuoso 


named Hyacinthe-Eleonore Klose, in- 
troduced the first Boehm-system cla- 
rinet Diis system of movable rings 
was first devised by Theobold Boehm 
to improve the flexibility of the flute. 

Musicians soon adopted Buffet’s 
new clarinet, and in 1850 the instru- 
ment maker moved out of Paris and 
sought new quarters in Mantes. The 
city was a center of skilled wood turn- 
ers and lathe operators because of the 
presence in the region of large quan- 
tities of box trees, whose wood was 
widely used in furniture making. 

Apart from the addition of an oc- 
casional key, the design of the clarinet 
has not fundamentally changed since 
the time of Buffet and Klose. But Buf- 
fet-Crampon took the market by sur- 
prise a few years ago by introducing 
high quality instruments made of re- 
constituted wood rather than natural 
ebony — a risky move given the con- 
servatism of most classical musicians. 

Paul Baronnat, Buffet-Crampon's 
managing director, said he decided to 
develop the material after attending a 
conference in Japan on exotic wood 
forests, when he became aware of a 
threat to the future supply of ebony. 

“It's my job to think of the future,'' 
hesaid. “If the supply of wood was to 
be restricted, how were we going to be 
able to keep on manufacturing?*’ 

Virtually all of the wood for making 
top-class clarinets and oboes comes 
from dwindling forests in Mozambi- 
que and Tanzania. Because of over- 
cutting. the quality of the wood has 
declined, and the governments of both 
nations have limited logging. 

It takes up to 80 years for a tree to 
produce wood of the right quality, and 
it takes several more years to dry the 
cut wood before manufacturing can 
begin. 

Study instruments are often made of 
plastic or resin, but this would never 
do for a professional instrument in 
which the carefully selected wood 
provides subde and unique sonorit- 
ies. 

Mr. Baronnat invited an engineer to 
study the problem, and a possible solu- 
tion was identified. The engineer 
noted that up to 40 percent of the 
billets from which die clarinet bodies 


and bells are made were rejected be- 
cause of flaws, often so tiny that only 
an expert could spot them. In addition, 
a large amount of wood waste was 
produced as the billets were turned on 
the lathe. If this wood could be re- 
used. it would solve the company's 
supply problem. 

Years of experimentation followed. 
The results either looked wrong, or 
sounded wrong, and on several oc- 
casions. Mr. Baronnat said, he was 
tempted to abandon the project. But 
eventually the company succeeded in 
producing a material — a secret recipe 
of powdered ebony wood, carbon fiber 
ana epoxy — that looks exaedy like 
natural ebony and, more important, 
sounds like it The composite material, 
which includes 95 percent ebony 
powder, is no cheaper than natural 
wood; it is so hard that die company 
had to develop new machine tools to 
handle it 

T HE KEY test for the new in- 
struments, which the com- 
pany calls Greenline, was 
whether they would be ac- 
cepted by musicians. When profes- 
sionals visit the factory to buy a new 
clarinet, they usually try a score of 
instruments. Mr. Baronnat slips two or 
three unlabeled Greenline clarinets in- 
to the mix and, he says, few of the 
players notice the difference. 

The material has caught on with 
players in the United States because it 
seems to resist changes of climate. 
About 10 percent of the clarinets that 
Buffet-Crampon ships to the United 
States next year will be made of the 
composite material, as will all its 
oboes. 

After World War H, musical instru- 
ments were one of France’s main ex- 
pots. and Buffet-Crampon still exports 
most of its production, it has 90 peicm 
of the marker for high-quality clarinets in 
Japan, its main export destination, de- 
spite Yamaha. Mr. Baronnat said he 
already has orders for all of the 20,000 
instruments the company expects to pro- 
duce next year. 


BARRY JAMES is on (he staff of the 
International Herald Tribune. 


The Gamble Over a Shorter Workweek 


By Barry James 


P ARIS — Can a reduction of the 
workweek effectively reduce 
unemployment? French govern- 
ment officials admit privately 
hat they do not know the answer. They 
ay the administration's decision, an- 
lounced Friday, to move to a 3 5- hour 
reek by the end of the century might not 
lave the desired effect on the climbing 
ate of unemployment, now at a postwar 
ecord of about 12.5 percent 
Companies could increase productiv- 
ty to compensate for shorter hours. Or 
hey could remain at 39 hours, paying 
workers a relatively small premium for 
he extra hours. In either case, the effect 
>n jobs would be slight 
The government is hoping, however, 
or a radical restructuring of the way 
:ompanies and people work and a sig- 
lificant fall in the number of jobless. 

Employers don’t like the proffered 
leal. They say it will make France un- 
lompetitive and actually increase un- 
■mployment ■ 

The quid pro quo of a shorter week is 
wage moderation, which is the only way 
ompanies win be persuaded to accept 
be measure. Yet the country has already 
index-gone several years of general 
vage restraint — salaries declined an 
iverage of U percent in 1996 — and 
ome sectors or die labor force are get- 
ing restive as witnessed by last week s 
trike of railroad and Metro workers and 
i protest by steelworkers in Pars. 

A key element in getting the gov- 
mment's proposal accepted is the at- 
itude of the labor unions. 

At first sight, it is difficult to seewhy 
his should be so. Fewer than one French 
worker in 10 is a member ofaumon. hair 

s many as in 19$0. This is partly dueto 

be fragmentation of society into other 
reaniStions dealing with single issues 
uch as feminism or ecology. • 

Nevertheless, governments of both 
berightand the left find it more con- 
Client to deal with the unions onsoc^ 
Sues rather than directly wi th the mass 
rSt^aniKd workers. Along with 


representatives of the employers, lead- 
ers of the main union federations were 
among the principal interlocutors at a 
much-heralded meeting Friday on jobs, 
wages and the shorter workweek. 

Apart from labor organizations rep- 
resenting Christian workers and man- 
agement, the mass of workers form part 
of three umbrella organizations: Com- 
munist, noncommunist left and demo- 
cratic center. 

The Communist-led General Confed- 
eration of Workers (CGT) has been die 
source of much of France’s labor unrest 
over the past couple of years. Yet its 
secretary-general, Louis Viannet, 
proved relatively accommodating at Fri- 
day's meeting, according to officials 
who were there. He said dial if compa- 
nies were ready to compromise, the CGT 
was ready to talk labor “flexibility." 
But he defined the employers bitter op- 
position to the shorter workweek as "ab- 
solutely insu p p or table.” and warned 
that if they persisted, the CGT would be 
“combative in the battle." 

Mr. Viannet had been seeking an 
immediate move toward a 35-hour week 
with do loss in pay, and in this he was 
disappointed. The government’s pro- 
posals are subtler and will depend on a 
great deal of cooperation between em- 
ployers and employees. 

A relatively tough line has emanated 
from Marc Bloudel, the head of Force 
Ouvriere (Workers’ Force), the “mod- 
erate’ ’ union set up with the help of CIA 
funds after the war to counter Com- 
munist influence. He demands an im- 
mediate increase in purchasing power, 
especially for low-paid workers, as a 
means of encouraging consumer con- 
fidence and creating jobs. 

One of the most interesting characters 
on the labor scene is Nicole Notat, sec- 
retary-general of the De mocr atic French 
Labor Confederation (CFDT), a large 
organization with some 700,000 adher- 
ents, which was founded along broadly 
social Christian lines. 

Mrs. Notat says an effective altern- 
ative to the market economy does not 
exist; therefore a union’s role is not to 
resist change but to humanize society 


and to help in its transformation. She 
views die construction of Europe as an 
key element in achieving this change. 

She attracted bitter hostility in 1995 
for supporting the social security aus- 
terity program of Alain Juppe, the 
former conservative prime minister. 
And she is on good terms with members 
of the present government, such as Mar- 
tine Aubrey, the minister in charge of 
employment and solidarity. 

A pragmatist, she has helped shift the 
center ground of French trade unionism. 
She supports the 35-hour week, but un- 
like her fellow union leaders, sbe argues 
for the maximum amount of flexibility 
— for example spreading the number of 
hours worked over a year so that compa- 
nies could be sure of having workers 
when they were needed. 

Jean Gan do is, head of the French 
Employers Council (CNPF), spoke an- 
grily after the unemployment meeting 
of having lost a battle but not the war 
over the 35-hour issue. Yet officials said 
be had been relatively conciliatory at the 
meeting, and that the main opposition 
seemed to have come from his two hard- 
line deputies, Denis Kessler and Didier 
Pineau-Valencienne. In any event, the 
unions derive considerable amusement 
in noting that Mr. Gandois is director of 
a Belgian steel company, Cockerill 
Sambre, that recently adopted a 34-hour 
week in order to preserve jobs. 

The government hopes the shorter 
workweek will be achieved through ne- 
gotiation rather than having to be im- 
posed on companies against their will. 
Government economists cite the ex- 
ample of several companies that have 
reorganized their activities around short- 
er hours with gains in productivity and 
efficiency. Gaz de Bordeaux, a mixed 
privaie/public company, for example, 
put its workers on a four-day week with 
no loss of productivity or profits. 

Mr. Jospin argues drat the time is 
propitious. With the exception of its 
bleak record in creating jobs, Ranee’s 
export-led economy is strong. And de- 
spite concern about labor productivity, 
it is Europe’s second largest destination 
for inward investment after Britai n . 


Over There, the Cash Is Always Greener 


*La Difference 5 Takes Getting Used to When French Buy U.S. Firms 


By Joseph Fitcheit 


P ARIS — While France often 
seems to cringe at the challenge 
of globalization, some major 
French corporations have 
thrived on international liberalization in 
the 1990s, emerging as top investors in 
foreign markets, notably the United 
States. 

The United States is by far the leading 
recipient of these French investments, 
with roughly 200 billion francs there, 
about $34 billion. . . 

Because of their takeovers in the 
United States, French companies hope 
to become world-class competitors by 
gaining market share and sales expert- 
ise, especially in Asia. 

But such trans-Adanric mergers face 
special problems, challenges that a new 
book says require sophisticated adjust- 
ments by Ranee’s top managers. Too 
often, they fail to recognize the gulf be- 
tween the rcsults-oriented U-S. approach 
based on customer satisfaction and an 
elitest management tradition in France. 

“In France, they count on very so- 
phisticated people; in the United States, 
the sophistication is in the system of 
organization,’' said an American who 
knows both sides. 

Die comment appears in a new book, 
“A La Conquete du Marche Ameri- 
can, " analyzing recent major French 
takeovers in the United States. It is 
tentatively tided “Conquering the 
American Market’’ by its Paris pub- 
lisher. Editions Odile Jacob. 

In it, Guilla ume Franck, an industrial 
analyst and business school professor, 
concludes that the biggest challenge for 
French companies is “to get beyond 
their own cult of technological excel- 
lence and recognize die virtues .of pro- 
ducing cheaply in response to changing 
market demand.” 

Mr. Franck has another golden rule: 
“French companies in the United States 
succeed when they are run like U.S. 
companies.” 

For example, Saint-Gobain, whose 
core business is glass and building ma- 
terials, was catapulted to world lead- 
ership in ceramics and abrasives by its 
takeover ofNorton. The success of Jean- 
Louis Beffa. the Saint-Gobain head, 
stemmed partly from his reliance on a 
French executive, Michel Besson, who 
had a flair for managing Americans. 

Id contrast, Thomson Consumer 
Electronics' acquisition of General 
Electric’s RCA consumer products op- 
eration misfired, partly because the new 
French corporate head, Alain Prestat, 
committed the new company to sophis- 
ticated technology to such a degree that 
it disoriented the sales forces and ex- 


ecutives who were tiie backbone of 
RCA’s strength in the U.S. television set 
market 

Both Saint-Gobain, a publicly held 
company, and Thomson, a state-owned 
concern, tried to create a common busi- 
ness culture for their respective new 
ventures. Mr. Besson moved fast, de- 
capitating the old management, then 
moving Norton’s headquarters to Saint- 
Go bain's main American factory in. 
New England to demonstrate the French 
owner's commitment to a bright indus- 
trial future. In turn, the U.S. executives 
helped Saint-Gobain team the value ‘of 
-responsiveness to consumer demand. 

’ ‘The French model involves turning out 
the best technological product and ex- 
pecting customers to buy it, even if the 
old model they have is still functioning 
satisfactorily/* Mr. Franck notes. 

While Saint-Gobain learned lessons 
from the U.S. market, Thomson took 
rime to find its footing — and then 
seemed determined to invent new rotes! 

In both companies, U.S. executives 
were impressed by their French owners’ 
willingness to invest for long-term 
goals, especially cm new technology. 

In addition, executives, especially at 
Norton, were energized by French read- 
iness to go after promising markets any- 
where in the world — in Japan, for 
example, if prospects there were better 
than m Norm America 

“Even though American companies 
sometimes know a great deal more about 
Asia than we do, we are more likely to 
integr ate international maHwtfs in our 
basic strategy," said a French executive 
quoted in the book but not identified. 

Despite such similarities. Saint- 
Gobain’s style proved more productive, 
partly because Mr. Besson was allowed 
to manage Norton and the Saint-Gobain 
abrasives division with the autonomy of 
a chief operating officer. 

“Americans like to work for one per- 
son, with whom they expect to form a 
team, so they needed a structure that 
respected this kind of motivation,” Mr. 
Besson said. 

As a result, the Americans learned to 
put up with French, habits of demanding 
very detailed reporting from subsidi- 
aries. “I kept wanting to send my sub- 
ordinates, who knew more details, to 
give them specific answers,” a Norton 
executive said of the reporting require- 
ments, “but the French seem to think it’s 
a loss of face if you’re not a generalist 
who handles everything yourself.” 

In his conclusions, Mr. Franck por- 
trays the American challenge as essen- 
tial for weaning French companies from 
overindulgence in overly innovative 
design and technology. "The penchant 
is left over from the postwar era and the 
strength of de facto cartels,” he says. 


adding that ft is is becoming danger- 
ously outmoded in the era of global- 
ization. Saint-Gobain, the last French 
company dating from the era of Colbert 
and Lotus XTV. owes much of its ament 
success to its U.S.-style responsiveness 
to consumer preference. 

In contrast, Thomson Multimedia, 
gambled heavily bn technology at the 
risk of ignoring market realities, Mr. 
Franck found. In buying RCA in 1990. 
which General Electric had held indif- 
ferently for two years, Thomson hoped 
to wrest control of die home entertain- 
ment market from Sony, Matsushita,. _ 
Philips and new South Korean com- 
petitors such as S ampling and Daewoo. 

After fumbling, the company was in 
trouble by 1992, when the French gov- 
ernment put it in the hands of Mr. RrestaL 
His plan amounted to abandoning the 
low end of die gigantic U.S. market, then 
recapturing it with a crash program 
aimed at the high-value-added end. 

The idea was to cut costs and to force- 
feed technology by centralizing re- 
search and development in Paris. At 
first, the program seemed to work, 
partly because the development drive 
was put under an American technician 
familar with dig ital-technology patents 

developed by RCA. Enhanced tty 
Thomson, these inventions gave the 
company an early lead in die race to 
develop consumer television based oa 
direct broadcasts from satellites. 

T HAT prospective bonanza re- 
inforced a tendency in Thom-, 
son to neglect die corporate 
strength of RCA’s position in in 
its home market. Some RCA executives 
started feeling neglected. 

Instead of synergy, die effect was 
confusion. “I need to work for some- 
body, and I need to know his vision,” a 
former RCA senior executive com- 
plained. His reaction was typical of 
American executives, who depend 
heavily on big annual bonuses and count 
on their direct superiors to ensure that 
they get theirs.- Mr. Franck points out 
The system of bonues and share op- 
tions is comparatively embryonic in 
France, so the Americans’ expectations 
not only sounded unfamilar in Paris but 
also were difficult to satisfy in some 
cases without distorting the corpor- 
ate wide compensation. 

Wracked .by internal problems and a 
debt burden that the French government 
refused to ease, Thomson was the target 
last year of a takeover bid by Daewoo, a 
South Korean competitor. Nationalistic 
opposition in France blocked Ihe sale, 
and Paris recently set an 11 billion franc 
bailout for die company, effectively end- 
ing Thomson’s chance of becoming a 
global leader in consumer electronics. 





. . J _„ „ - „ f r lWfti ' 


J 


PAGE 12 


ENTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 



CAPITAL MARKETS ON MONDAY 


Rate Riddle: Did Germany Fire a Single Shot or Open a Campaign?, 


By Carl Gewirtz 

hurm/nniul Herald Tribune 


PARIS — Was it a coordinated action 
. aimed at piercing die euphoria building 
in financial markets? Or was it simply 
coincidence that in (he same week that 
the chairman of the Federal Reserve 
Board issued a vigorous warning about 
the risk of inflation, the central banks of 
Germany. France, Austria, Belgium, 
Denmark and the Netherlands raised 
interest rates? 

The answer probably doesn't matter, 
because the outcome was identical — a 
surge of uncertainty, knocking down 
prices of bonds and equities and rattling 
the foreign-exchange market, that is 
likely to bedevil markets well into next 
year. 

The rise in German rates was the most 
controversial element in the assault on 


the markets' glow — which just a week 
ago had driven long-term interest rates 
toa record low in Germany and to a low 
for the year in the United States. 

Was the German move a one-time 
shot, or was it the beginning of a series 
of, actions aimed at normalizing do- 
mestic-monetary conditions? 

The question may sound esoteric, but 
the answer will have a huge impact on 
growth prospects in Europe and asset 
prices in Europe as well as the United 
States because the value of the dollar is 
also at stake. 

Because no one knows the answer, 
prices on stocks, bonds and currencies 
probably are headed for a period of 
considerable volatility. 

Serge Le Gal at Orisse des Depots, 
France's largest institutional investor, is 
among those who say the Bundesbank 
move was a one-time action aimed at 


reassuring German investors that the 
Deutsche mark and its planned suc- 
cessor, the euro, will be strong cur- 
rencies. 

John Llewellyn at Lehman Brothers 
in London, on the other hand, expects a 
series of increases. He figures that Ger- 
man monetary conditions are the most 
lax they have beepsince 1 980 and that it 
is time for them to move still closer to 
neutral. As long as this correction ‘ 'pro- 
ceeds gently ami with an eye on what’s 
happening in the foreign exchange mar- 
ket,” Mr. Llewellyn said, be sees no risk 
to a broad-based economic recovery 
even if German short-term rates over the 
next year rise as high as 4.5 percent and 
the dollar slides to around 1 .60 DM. 

The thrust of his argument is widely 
shared. Analysts at J.P. Morgan put die 
neutral level for short-term rates at 5 
percent, and the view at Morgan Stanley 


Most Active International Bends 


The 250 mast active irtematJonal bonds traded 
through the Eurodear system (or the week end- 
ing Oct 10. Prices supplied by TeJeJajis. 


Rnk N« 


Cpn Maturity Price YieM 


Austrian Schilling 


232 Austria 
22a Austria 


6to 07/15/27 1M200Q 6.1900 
5*1 07/15*07 700.5000 55900 


British Pound 


138 Abbey 
160 BA Credit Card 
209 Britain 
210Fin.For Resld 
71 7 World Bank 
236 EBRO 


& 08/10/99 975942 6.1400 

7ft 10/15/04 99X750 7.1300 
7ft 12/07/07 105X630 6X700 
11.12609/30/50 1444401 7.7000 
zero 0707/00 817500 7X400 
6-200002/14/00 987500 6X1 QQ 


Rnk Name 

97 Germany 
99Tmuhand 
100 Germany 
104 Treuhand 

106 Treuhand 

107 Germany SP 
109 Germany 
115Germany 
116 Germany 

1 1 9 Germany Tbilts 

120 Germany ■ 
122 Germany 
125 Germany 
126Sladtspaifca 

127 Germany FRN 

128 KFW FRN 


cpn Maturity Price Yield .Rnk Nome 


6ft 05/20/99 1037200 5.9300 
6ft 0336/98 101X000 6X500 
aft 08/21/00110X400 7X900 

5 01/14/97101X400 4.9300 
5* 04/29/99 102X500 5X100 
zero 01/04/24 197400 6X700 

6 02/20/98 100X900 5.9500 
6ft 12(02/98 103X200 6X500 

9 01/22/01 113.0700 7-9600 
zero 01/16/98 99.1623 3.1500 
6ft 01/20/98 100X600 6X700 
flft 07/20/00 110.9400 7X900 

7 09/20/99 105X400 6X500 
5ft 10/02/07 994800 5.7800 

3.048009/30/04 99X200 3.0700 
3.135209/23/02 99X500 3.1400 
131 Export Bk FRN 3.9063 lQ/Dfi/00 99X600 3X200 


239 world Bank • 
242 worid Bank 
244 Common wealth 


Cpn Maturity Price YieM 

4ft . 06/30/00 109X250 4.1000 
4ft 03/20/03 115ft 3.8900 

zero 09/206)7 120X533 0X000 


is not much different After last week’s 
rise, the overnight cost of money is 
Germany was set at 3-3 percent, and die 
dollar finished the week at 1.7495 DM. 

The view at Deutsche Bank falls be- 
tween these extremes. “We don’t see a 
major rise in interest rates,” said Chris- 
tophe Hon. “In a worst-case scenario,' 
there might be another half-point in- 
crease next year.” 

But even last week's increase of 03 
percentage point was roundly criticized, 
by Charles Wyplosz, a monetary spe- 
cialist at the Graduate Institute of In- 
ternational Studies in Geneva. “The 
increase was way premature,” he said, 
adding: * ‘It’s typical of what you would 
expect from die Bundesbank. If there is 
a choice between' bong moderate or 
tough, count on them to be tough.” 

He agrees with the general view that a 
rise of 30 basis points is not sufficient to 
damage the economic recovery that is 
just talcin g root in Germany. But tbc 
increase “certainly can't help the re- 
covery,” he said, and if it is the start of 
a bigger move, be fears the authorities 
will be creating unnecessary headwinds 
that will prevent a robust rebound. 

Mr. Wyplosz also dismisses argu- 


ments that the increase was necessary to 
Tw»gin harmonizing $hOtt-teiin mten£St 
rates within the European Union so that 
by the time monetary onion occurs, the 
region's key overnight .cost of money 
will only have risen modestly in die 
low-rate countries and fallen modestly 
in the high-rate states. 

“That is pure rubbish," said Brendan 
Brown at Tokyo-Mitsubishi Bank in 
London. Along with Mr. Wyplosz and 
Mr. le Gal, Mr. Brown argues that Ger- 


thnt the German action was not the start 
of a larger move and shares his view that 
European bonds look like a toy after foe 
setback last week pushed the yield on 
10 -year German govenmem paper up . 
nearly a quarter-point to 5.61 percent 
Both argue that European inflation is 
still headed lower and ft tat long-term 
yields should fall sharply. 

Based on this benign view of Euro- 
pean interest rates aim an expectation 
that the Fed will soon raise U.S. rates, 


man ran? are the benefinark for the they see the doUflrrism|tongh the end 
-m«« ami rhat Mohw ntpc in mnnrries of the Year toward I iW MM. 


zone flnrf that higher nues in countries 
such as Italy, Spain and Portugal are A 
function of die uncertainty about their 
joining the monetary union. ■ 

“There is no reason for this risk 
premium to disappear until the member 
countries are - officially named,” said 
Mr. Brown, ‘ ‘and, as we have seen with 

the convergence in long-term rates, the 


the year toward * . oj jum. 

But for Jan Loeys ai JJP. Morgan, ‘Hi 1 ■, 
very hard to be bullish about bonds.’ 1 . 
With inflation still relatively low in Ger- 
many and the United States; he said, the 
tightening of monetary poticy should 
have only limited adverse impact on 
long-team bonds. But even there, he sees 
yields moving up and prices falling. He 


high-yielders come down to German expects paper in die maturity range of 
l-wic Comton raft-s iwvft not risen two to five years to suffer most 


levels. Gennan mes have ao. risen in ^ 


halfway to meet them.” 

As Mr. Wyplosz said, when rates in 
Germany rise, rates everywhere else in 
the likely euro zone do too — as they did 
last week in Spain, Portugal and Italy. 

ses with Mr. le Gal 


Mr. Brown agrees 


don secs die dollar possibly weakening as 
forasthehigh 1.60s against the mark until 
die Fed raises U3. interest rates, a move 
still widely not widely ejected before 
next year despite last week s warning. 



Italian Lira 


133 Deutsche Bk Fin zero 01/20/32 8ft 7X000 
190 Deutsche Bk Rn zero l VI 5/26 13X900 7.1100 
223 Morgan Guar Ny zero 01/21/27 12ft 7X800 
238 Italy 6ft 07/01/07 1047700 6X400 

New Zealand Dollar 


157 Canada 


6ft 10/03/07 97X000 6.7900 


Whiting for Greenspan: Traders Fret 

New Doubt About How the Fed Chairman Will Move Shakes the Market 


Canadian Dollar 


169 Canada 
222 Canada 


7' 4 
6 


06/01/07 112X000 6X600 
03/15/98 1007650 5.9400 


Danish Krone 


3 Denmark 
5 Denmark 
10 Denmark 
20 Denmark 
28 Denmark 

33 Denmark 

34 Denmark 

43 Denmark 

44 Denmark 
62 Denmark 
66 NykredO 
73 Nykredi) 

82 Denmark 

92 Rea Danmark 
151 Deutsche Rn 
155 Denmark 
235 Retd Kredtt 


7 11/156)7 107X20Q 6X300 

8 03/15/06 113X000 7X400 

7 11/1034 1 05X700 6X300 

8 11/15/01 109.9000 7X800 

6 12/1099 102X000 5X600 

9 11/15/00 111X500 8.0800 

7 12/15/M 107X000 6X200 

6 11/15/02 102X900 5X400 

8 05/1503 11 1X5D0 7.1700 

6 02/15/99 101.9500 5X900 

6 10/01/26 937500 6X000 

7 10/01/29 97X000 7.1600 

9 11/15/981047800 8X900 
7 10/01/29 96X500 7X600 

zero 11/18/26 13ft 7.0200 
7 02/15/98 100.9400 6.9300 
6 10/01/26 93X000 6X200 


137 Germany 
143 Germany 
147Treuhand 
159 Germany 
165 Germany 

171 Germany 

172 Germany 
174 Treuhand 
IBS Germany 

199 Germany SP 

200 Germany 

201 Germany FRN 
204 Germany 
207 Treuhand 

224 Cap CretfR Card 
237 Italy 
.250 Treuhand 


5ft 08/20/98 101.7700 5.6500 
zero 07/04/27 15.90 6X800 

7 11/25/99 105X400 6X300 
6ft 05/20/98 101X900 6X700 
6ft 01/02/99 103.0380 6X100 
6ft 02/24/99 1037900 6X200 
5ft 02/22/99102X316 5X700 
6ft 06/25/98 101.7200 6.0200 
7ft 02/21/00 107X400 7X100 
Zero 07/04/07 587400 5X100 
6ft 02/20/98 100.9700 6.1900 
3ft 045)6/00 997320 3X600 
8ft 05/22/00 110.4750 7.9200 
6 11/12/03 104X000 5.7400 
5ft OV15Z01 102X656 5X900 
5ft 07/1 V07 100X000 5.7200 
6ft 07/29/99 103X800 6X300 


Swedish Krotaa 


110 Sweden 1037 
184 Sweden 
190 Sweden 1036 

193 Sweden 

194 Sweden 
245 Sweden 


B 08/15/07 1137610 7X300 
11 01^1/99 107X440 10X600 
10ft 05/05/00 111X420 9X100 
6 02/09/05 99.7860 6X100 
616 10/25/06 102X340 6X500 
10ft 058)5/03 120X750 8X900 


By SusaQ Kelly 

Bridge Hews 


U.S. Dollar 


Dutch Guilder 


Deutsche Mark 


1 Germany 

6 Germany 

7 Germany 

9 BundesobRgai 
11 Germany 

13 Germany 

14 Germany 

15 Germany 

16 Germany 

18 Treuhand 

19 Treuhand 

22 Germany 

23 Germany 

24 Germany 

25 Germany 
27 Germany 

29 Germany 

30 Germany 94 

31 Germany 

35 Germany 

36 Treuhond 

37 Treuhand 

40 Germany 

41 Germany 

42 Germany 

45 Treuhand 

46 Germany 

47 Germany 

48 Treuhand 

52 Treuhand 

53 Germany 

58 Germany 

59 Treuhand 

60 Germany 

63 Germany 

64 Germany 

65 Germany 
67 Germany 

70 Germany 

71 Germany 

72 Germany 

74 Treuhand 

75 Germany 

76 Germany 

77 Treuhand 

79 Germany 

80 Germany 

81 Germany 
S3 Germany 
85 Treuhand 
S6 Germany 
89 Germany 

93 Germany 

94 Germany 


6 07(04/07 103X329 57900 
6 01AM/07 104.1200 57600 
6ft 07,1)4/27 105.7902 6.1400 
4ft 02/22/02 99X420 4X400 
6ft 04/26/06 105X350 5.9200 
8 07/22/02 113X289 7X700 

8 01/21/02 112X900 7.1200 
6b 1 VI 4/05 107X040 6X600 
4b 05/17/02 98X200 4-5500 
7b 09/09/04 112.7833 6X500 
7ft 12/02/02 110.9400 6X500 

4 09/17/99 99X103 4X1 DO 

9 10/20/00 112X500 8X100 
6’t 05/12/05 107X639 6X100 
7ft 01/03105 109X826 67400 
3b 04/18/99 99X600 3X300 

5 05/21/01 101X946 4.9400 
6ft 01/04/24 99X575 6X000 

6 01/05/06 103.9150 57700 
3*1 03/19/99 997300 37600 
7ft 1Q/DI/D2 111.0994 6.9800 
7ft 01/29/03 109X350 6X000 
8*< 0V2VD1 114X200 7X600 
8tt 09/20/01 112.9711 7X000 
7ft 12/20/02 109.9297 &4800 
6ft 05/13/04 108X700 6X200 
5ft 05.15,00 103X625 5X700 

6 02/16/06 103.9400 5.7700 
6ft 07AJ9/03 107X500 6.1600 
6ft 06/11/03 1087400 6X200 
5ft 08/22/00 103X600 5X500 

5 08/20.01 101X000 4.9400 
6b 04/2103 106.9250 6X800 
71? 111104 113.0160 6X400 
o’; 071503 107X994 6.0500 
6ft 09/1 5/99 103.0621 6X500 
7 'j 10/21,02 109.9800 6X900 

6 06/20/16 100X8*8 5.9500 
4ft 11/2001 999820 4.7500 

6 0*1503 104.7975 5.7300 

7 011300 105X225 6X100 
5 1217,98 101X000 4.9400 
6b 031500 104.9000 6X000 
8ft 05.2101 112.0500 7X700 
6'i 030404 105.9000 5.9000 
6ft 071504 108.6900 6X100 
3’; 121808 99X300 3X100 
3b WK1B/78 99X800 3X000 
8b- 02.20.01 111.7800 7X000 
6ft 070109 103.7300 6.1500 
6ft 04/22,03 108.1350 6X400 
5ft 11,21.00 101.7550 5.M00 
8ft 12/2000 112X700 7X900 
5ft 0221,01 101.9400 5.1500 


54 Netherlands 
56 Netherlands 
78 Netherlands 
84 Netherlands 
94 Netherlands 
98 Netherlands 
103 Netherlands 
105 Netherlands 
T08 Netherlands 
130 Netherlands 
134 Netherlands 
136 Netherlands 
142 Netherlands 
14SNetheriands 
149 Netherlands 
152 Netherlands 
156 Netherlands SP 
158 Netherlands 
142 Netherlands 
168 Netherlands 
178 Netherlands 
185 Netherlands 
196 Netherlands 
204 Netherlands 
208 Netherlands 
21 2 Netherlands . 
218 Netherlands 


514 021 V07 101X000 5X700 
4ft 07/15/98 1017000 6.1500 
5ft 09/1502 102X600 5X900 
7ft 01/15/23 117.70 4X700 

6ft 11/1505 108X000 6X400 
8ft 0315/01 111X000 7X400 
8ft 06/15/02 11X1000 7X900 
9 051500110X300 8.1400 
9 0115OT 112X0 8X100 

7ft 04/15/99 105.0500 7.1400 
7 ,03/15/99 103X000 6.7400 
7ft 04/1 VI 0 115X5 6X000 

zero 10/31/97 99X30713X480 
7 02/15/03 108X300 6X500 
7 06/15/05 109.7000 6X800 
6ft 1001/98 102X000 6X800 
zero 01/15/23 20X500 6X200 
7ft 03/01/05 114X0 67900 
6 01/15(04 103X000 5X100 
5ft 01/15(04 102X500 5X000 
416 07/15(98 101X500 4X800 
616 04/15/03 106X000 6.1100 
816 06(01/06 120.1500 7.0700 
6ft 02/15(99 103X500 6X400 
8ft 09/15/01 113X500 77200 
8ft 06/01/00 109X000 7.9700 
7ft 10(01/04 111 6X300 


2 Brazil Cap S.L 
4 Argentina par L 
8 Brazil 

12 Brazil L FRN 
17 Mexico 
21 Argentina 
26 Argenlfna 
32 Argentina 

38 Venezuela 

39 Brazil par 3 

49 The Russ 

50 Brazil FRN 

55 Venezueio par A 
57 Brazil S3. FRN 
61 MexfooparA 

68 Venezuela FRN 

69 Mexico N 

87 Bulgaria FRN 

88 Brazil SJ_ FRN 

90 Ecuador FRN 

91 Argentina FRN 
95 Canada 

101 MydfO FRN 

102 Brazil ST) FRN 

111 Msdco 

11 2 Mexico 

11 3 Ecuador FRN 

117 Bulgaria FRN 

118 Peru Front 
121 Ecuador par 
123 Brazil 


416 04/15/14 96X757 4X700 
516 0301/23 77X750 7.1100 
10ft 05/15/27103X500 9.7700 
4% 04/1506 93X342 7X400 
11 (A 05/15/26 122X010 9X800 
9ft 09/19/27 101.1119 9X400 
6*» 03/29/05 91X102 7X800 
lift 01/3Q/17 116X258 9.7900 
9ft 09/15/27 94X485 9X100 
5ft 04/15/24 75X805 6.9200 
10 06/2407105X751 9X500 
6V» 01/01/01 99.1875 6X700 
90.1430 7X900 
86X500 8X400 
84X500 7X200 
95.0000 7.1100 
84X500 7X200 
82X294 8.1200 
90X000 7X700 
83X100 79000 
91X500 7X300 


Spanish Peseta 


179 Spain 
205 Spain Banos U 


7.900002/28(02 1095420 7.1900 
5 01/3T/U1 98X080 5.0700 


Finnish Markka 


1 67 Finland Setlals 7ft 04/18/06 110X832 6X600 


French Franc 


51 Cybervol FRN 
129 France OAT 
173 France BTAN 
182 France OAT 
211 France BTAN 


3X47707/0^02 100.0700 3X400 
7ft 10/25/05 115X400 6.7300 
4ft 07/12/02 97X000 4X400 
7ft 04/25/06 112X400 6MOO 
4ft 04/12/99 101.1238 4.7000 


ECU 


114 France OAT 

SVi 

04/25(07 

98X900 

5X700 

144 France OAT 

6 

04/25/04 103X100 

5.8000 

202 France OAT 

7 

04/25/06 109X000 

6.3900 

214 France OAT 

8ft 

04/25/22 1252500 

6X900 

227 France BTAN 

4ta 

07/12/02 

97.1250 

4X300 

248 France OAT 

7V1 

04/25/OS 

112ft 

6X700 


Japanese Yen 


177EIBSrl3 
192 NTT 
21 5 Worid Bank 
225 Worid Bank 
233 Austria 


2ft 09/20/07 100X000 2.1100 
2b 07/25/07 103X750 2.4200 
4ft 12/204)4 120X750 3.9500 
5ft 03/20/02 117ft 4X800 

4b 09/28/05 119ft 3.7700 


6ft 03/31/20 
6>Y* Ot/15/12 
6ft 12/31/19 
6ft 12/18V7 
6ft 12/31/19 
6 Vis 07/28/11 
69W 04/15(09 
4k* 02/28/25 
6ft 05(31/23 

6ft 07/1502 100.1860 6.1100 
09/09/07 87.9140 7X100 
6ft 04/15/24 89X300 7X700 
lift 09/15/16 121X250 9X500 
9ft 01/IV07 108X750 9.1100 
3ft 02/28/15 80X958 4X600 
6V» 07/28/24 83X775 8X200 
3ft 03/07/17 64X750 5X500 
3V6 02/28/25 58.7500 5.9600 
6 09/15/13 84X000 7.1400 
124 Argentines FRN 5X26209/01 121X000 4X700 
132 Menas A FRN 6X67212/31/19 96X500 7.1300 
135 Italy 6ft 09/17/23 997599 6X900 

139 Kazakstan 8ft 10/02/02 101X500 8X700 

140 Medco B FRN 6X35912/31/19 98X092 6.9700 

141 First CM FRN 5X18809/23/02 99.9447 5X20Q 

146 Bayerische LB 6ft 06/2S/O7 100.7500 6X000 
148SEK 6ft 10/02/00 100X000 6.1300 

150Bco Brosfl FRN 6% 1 (VI 4/99 85X513 7X600 

153 Van Kampen 6X188KV0MD7 99X500 6X300 

154 Peru Prfi 4 03/07/17 68X750 5X100 

161 Canada 4ft 08/28/06 103X012 6X300 

163 IAD B 6ft 03/U7/07 101X250 6X200 

164 Poland Infer 4 TO/27/14 90X837 4X100 

166 Mexico D FRN 6** 12/28/19 95X529 7.1400 

170 RUSS 9ft 11/27/01 104X481 8X600 

175Conada 6ft 05/304)0101X701 6X100 

176 Finland 5ft 02/27/06 97.1367 6X500 

181 Medea C FRN 6X20312/31/19 96.0587 7.1000 
183 Argentina FRN 5X562040141 113X572 4.9800 

186 Bulgoria 2ft 07/28/12 69X425 3X400 

187 Argentina 8ft 1ZGW03 100X902 8X400 

1 89 Kellogg 6ft 0tyD641 100X409 6.1100 

191 AfcFRN 5-91951002/02 99.7700 5.9300 

195 Poland FRN 6% 1 0(27/24 98X500 7X600 

197Venezueta par B 6ft 03/31/20 86.9475 7.7600 

198 Brazil 8ft 11/05/01 104X750 8X000 

203 Santander Fin 6X00012/31/99 99.9500 6X000 
213 Ontario 6ft 06/284)0 100X500 6.1100 

216 Imperial 5.707309/05/98 99.9400 5X800 

219 Toyota Motor 6ft 07/22/02 

22QGommeahk 5X93801/29/01 
221 Veba zero 04/06/98 

226 Britain FRN 5b 10/04/01 

228 Philippines Rx 8ft 10/07/16 

229 Brazil SJ. FRN 6V» 04/15/12 

230 Ontario 6 02/2146 

231 Barclays Bank 5X300014648 

240Suedwestdeut 4ft 09/29/99 

241 imper 5X8131245(98 

243 Panama Interest 07/17/14 


NEW YORK — U.S. Treasury bond 
prices took a beating last week after the 
chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, 
Alan Greenspan, reminded the market 
that inflationary pressures were still a 
possibility. And now (hat the Fed chair- 
man has put a possible interest-rate in- 
crease hike back on die table, any un- 
friendly data this week will lead to 
further losses. 

But U.S. fund managers say the eco- 
nomic fundamentals have not rfmngwti 
and view the sell-off as. a buying op- 
portunity. The market* s vulnerability to 
bad news was evident Friday, when 
prices fell further on word of a 0.5 
percent rise in September producer 
prices and a 0.4 percent rise in the core 
producer-price index. 

Analysts said most of the 0.4 percent 
rise in the core rate was due to one-time 
increases in the prices of cars, trucks and 
tobacco. Most doubted the Fed would 
tighten policy as a result of the data. 

But traders said the market was still in 
such bad shape psychologically after Mr. 
Greenspan's comments Wednesday that 
the producer-price report had an impact 
in spite of the miti gating factors. 

The yield on the 30-year Treasury 
bond, which moves in the opposite di- 
rection from its price, ended the week at 
6.43 percent, up from 6.29 percent a 
week earlier. 

“This is the first big surprise we've 
had on inflation,” a bond trader said. 
“On the heels of what Greenspan said, 
it’s a one-two punch.” 

The producer-price data increased 
fears of an unpleasant surprise in the 
September consumer-price index, due 
Thursday, which is already expected to 
show gains of 03 percent on both the 
overall index and the care rate. Such 
readings would be the biggest increases 
in consumer prices since February. 

Nervous traders pointed out that the 
September producer and consumer 


A bond trader argued that the market 
is due for one more decline in prices, 
given the negative tone that has taken f 
hold since Mr. Greenspan's comments. 

But he said buying by hedge funds 
and foreign central banks at the mar- 
ket's low points late last week suggested 
there was support for the market 
Harvey Hirschhom. chief economist 
and investment strategist at Stein Roe & 
Famham, said foe bond market had run 
ahead of itself recently and that Mr. 
Greenspan had intended his remarks to 
“throw a lot of cold water” in par- 
ticipants’ faces. 

He expects the 30-year bond’s yield to 
move in a range of 630 percent U> 6.7S 
percent and stud that while he remained 
sanguine about the bond market, prices 
may retreat more in the near term. 

“Economic growth pressures will 
cause foe bond market to hesitate, fear- 1 , 
ing there might be some inflationary ^ 
pressures developing later,” Mr. 
Hirschhom said. 

But be said he did not think inflation 
would pick up and that he expected U.S. 
economic growth to begin to slow early 
next year. 

David Thompson, director of funds 
management at BankBoston Private 
Bank, also said he remained upbeat on 
bonds and said foe 30-year yield could 
fall to 6.25 percent by year-end. 

“1 don't mink the fundamentals have 
changed dramatically,' ' Mr. Thompson 
said. “I look at tins as an opportunity to 
go back in and buy specific bonds.” 

Mr. Thompson said demand for U.S. 
fixed-income securities could grow as 
fund managers adjusted their asset al- 
locations. The stock market's strong 
performance, he said, has left many with 
a heavier weighting in stocks than they 
had planned on. 

‘ 'People are going to start looking at 
valuations in the context of bringing 
those models back into balance,” Mr. 

_ Thompson said. “To that degree, I think 

sales and a 03 percent increase in sales you’ll see a fair amount of money going A" 
excluding autos. back into the bondmarket” **' • 


price reports were the last monthly in- 
dexes the Fed would see before its next 
policy -making meeting Nov. 12. 

“With die September PPI up. 03 per- 
cent, all Mr. Greenspan needs is one more 
inflation number that's bad and he’s go- 
ing to tighten,” (me bond trader said. 

Many participants say, though, that 
Mr. Greenspan was just trying to cool 
foe bond market’s enthusiasm with his 
testimony, not signaling that he inten- 
ded to raise rates in foe near future. 

Percy Beaumont, senior market 
strategist at Smith Barney, said foe Fed 
chairman wanted to remind foe bond 
market that the Fed was “still in a 

VS. QtEDIT MARKETS 

tightening cycle and that things can 
change and can change quickly.” 

Mr. Greenspan's remarks heightened 
tensions in foe market, meaning foot 
traders will be poring over each eco- 
nomic report for bad news, Mr. Beau- 
mont said. 

But he predicted that foe most im- 
portant events this week would be Mr. 
Greenspan’s two speeches Tuesday, 
both on global issues. He will address a 
Cato Institute gathering in the morning 
and speak at the University of Con- 
necticut in foe afternoon. 

“That’s got to cany more weight than 
a lot. of the economic numbers/' Mr. 
Beaumont said. “It gives him one more 
o pp o rtun ity to clarify, to emphasize or 
to soften what he said last week.” 

Participants said that given Mr. 
Greenspan's comments about inflation, 
the consumer-price index report prob- 
ably would carry more weight than the 
September retail-sales data coming out 
Wednesday. Traders are hoping for a 
friendly sales report, given foe weak- 
ness already shown in car sales, chain- 
store sales and the weekly Red book 
reports last month. The consensus calls 
foraQ.l percent rise in September retail 


■id >' 


246 Panama 
247ToKyn Elec Pwr 
249 First Nat BK 


99X370 6X600 
99X000 5X200 
96X716 7.1100 
99.9800 5X000 
99X750 8X600 
89.7285 7X300 
97X600 6.1400 
99X080 5X600 
97X525 4X100 
99.9100 5.7900 
77X750 4X200 
CW30Q7 100.1500 8X100 
06/13/07 103X750 6X900 
05481)0 101.7500 6X800 


New International Bond Issues 


Compiled by Paul Fforen 


Issuer 


Aimntf 

(mauons) 


Mat. 


CMip. 

% Price 


Price 

end 

week 




Terms 


Floating Rate Notes 

Bank Hapoalim Inti. 


S200 


The Week Ahead: Worid Economic Calendar, Oct. 13-17 

A ss.*. ttV the tree* s tKcvitiiSjrh/ tnancui events, compand tor the kmmafionot Herald nture by Bbambery Business News. 


Oiristionta Bonk 
Christiania Bank - 


$150 

DM400 


2002 

”2002 


Vk 99X0 — Over3-aionttt Ubor. Noncoikttg. Fees 0.15%. (Merrill LynchJ 


aOS 99.978 — Over3-raoii0i Lttw. Noncallable. Fees 0.15%. (Salomon BrottiesJ 


2004 0.10 99.992 — OvmSroonft IXwr. NoncsdaUe. Fees 020%. (Salomon Broths*) 


Expected 
This Week 


Asia-Pacific 

China: 15th World Petroleum Con- 
lerence; until Thursday. 

Hong Kong: Worid Economic Fo- 
rum's 1997 East Asia Economic 
Summit. Includes a full-day session 
on China. Monday to Wednesday. 


Europe 

Amsterdam: F1EJ. the World As- 
sociation of Newspapers, holds a 
conference on electronic publishing; 
Thursday and Friday. 

Madrid: Bank of Spain may release 
September money supply. 

Vienna: Euro Forex conference, Fri- 
day and Saturday. 


Americas 

St Louis: Federal Reserve Bank of 
St Louis’s president Thomas Melz- 
er, delivers introductory remarks at a 
conference on “Lessons from Finan- 
cial History” Thursday and Friday. 
Earnings expected: Coca-Cola 
Co., Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc., 
Travelers Group Inc. 


Fixed-Coupons 

Banco BCN Barclays 


SI 00 
$200 


2005 

w 


8 99X48 — CnOahtaotporinwai, 


7ft 700 — 


Noncaltoble. Fan 040%. (Sodete GemraleJ 


Desc 


SIS) 


2007 

2002 


8ft 99X48 — 


ColtoWeot 104375 In 2002. Fees 0X75%. UJ>. Morgan) 


8 100 — 


Pern Financial Sendees 
Wesfpac Banking 


$350 


2002 9ft 


Noncotabie-Fees 1%. DcnommolkHisSsaajatMentB LyncbJ 


Wartd Bank 
Argentina 


$100 

DM140 


2002 

“mot" 

2009 


6ft 


100 

99X93 


*“ NonaaaW«.F«Bl%.(MentBLyntJiJ 


99X6 Nonarttobte. Foes 1 Wfc. [Nomura InfU 


7.025 101 ft 
8 102X5 


“-CanoWe at par tarn 7998. Fom 2%. (Barclays deZoete WWdJ 


Monday Tokyo: Economic Planning Agency 
Oct. 13 releases data on August machinery 
orders; Finance Ministry releases 
August current-account balance; Au- 
gust data For overseas investments; 
Japan Automobile Dealers Associ- 
ation's September used-car sales. 


Budapest: August industrial output 
Frankfurt: Lufthansa AG holds news 
conference as stock starts trading. 
London: September producer price 
index. 

Oslo: 1998 budget proposal. 


United States: Columbus Day — 
most markets are dosed. 
Washington: U.S. Agriculture De- 
part me ntre leases weekly report on 
planting progress for seven oops. 
Earnings expected: Hughes Bee- 
troot cs Corp., J.P. Morgan & Co. 


Asian Development Bank DM1,500 2007 5ft 

Deutsche Ausgtetehsba DM500 2005 Sft" 


Metro Finance 
Turkey 


DM250 

DM1400 


2007 

'toot 


5ft 

Tft" 


99X94 

101X15 

99X6 


98X5 


WeoffweJ<in00.Nwica>loMfcPeesnutifcclO8ed.(ABN AMRO Home GovetfJ 


Nonaflobta. Fea 0325%. (Dfestfner Ktefnwwt) 


98X5 

99X6 


RaeNteO 99.14. Noncafcbte. Fees 2 ft9b.(DBBBlngrlOeimi(ortBeraonJ 


NonaiBaMe. Fe« 3%. (ABN AMRO Hooro GavetO 


Stagecoach 


Tuesday Tokyo: Japan Development Bank 
Oct. 1 4 announces economic outlook; 

Japan's five brewers, Kirin Brewery 
Co., Asahi Breweries Ltd., Sapporo 
Breweries Lid., Suntory Ltd. and Ori- 
on, release shipment figures for 
September. 


Madrid: September consumer 
prices. 

Rome: August producer and whole- 
sale prices 

Muenster, Germany: Gennan and 
French government and central 
bank officials hold meetings. 


General Maters Acceptance 
Carp. 


£125 

FF2400 


2007 


7ft 

"sr 


NoncoIWaL Few 3%. IDwIkJb Morgan Gmtfeflj 


99.295 

101X04 


— NoncDftabte. Fees 045%. fSBC Warbwg J 


98X5 Reaffered at 99X79. NomsMobfe. Fees 1 Wt (BNPJ 


New York: LJR Rectoook Research 
releases weekly survey of sales at 
more than 20 U.S. department dis- 
count and chain stores. 

Earnings expected: Ameritech 
Corp., Archer Daniels Midland Co., 
General Motors Corp. 


Merrill Lynch FFOOOO 2003 

Achmea HypoltieeUxmk DF200 2007" 


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Wednesday Bangkok: Bank of Thailand reports 
Oct, 15 official foreign reserves. 

Tokyo: Japan Department Store As- 
sociation releases sales figures for 
Tokyo-area stores for September. 
Wellington: Consumer prices in the 
July-September quarter. 


Helsinki: August industrial produc- 
tion and September consumer price 
index. 

Rome: August industrial production 
numbers 

Earnings expected: Bkem ASA, 
Kesko Oy. Oce NV. Raisro Group Oy. 


Atlanta: Federal Reserve Bank of 
Atlanta releases national production 
index for September. 

Washington: Commerce Depart- 
ment reports September retail sales. 
Earnings expected: AMR Corp-, 
BankAmerica Corp. 


S300 2002 4ft 100 





last Week's Markets Euromarts 


Thursday 
Oct. 16 


Manila: ABN-AMRQ Bank hosts 
conference on the new European 
currency. 

Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases pre- 
liminary figures on principal bal- 
ances of Japanese financial Insti- 
tutions. 


Bern: September producer and im- 
port prices. 

London: September public-sector 
borrowing requirement figures. 
Madrid: August retail sales. 
Stockholm: September consumer 
price index. 


Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports September consumer price in- 
dex; September business invento- 
ries and sales; initial weekly state 
unemployment-compensation insur- 
ance claims. 

Earnings expected: Gillette Co. 


Stock Inderas 
United States 

OJInd'a. 

DJ Utfl. 
PJTrara. 

S 4 P 100 

sipsoo 

54 P Ind 
NYSEr 
Nasta 
Japan 
N(Ucd225 

Brito 
FTSE100 


Money Rates 


Eurobond Yields 


oa.3 ftar&e 
8X3858 +0X8 

’ — 1.11 
+ 1X8 
+ 027 
+ 120 
+ 0X7 
+ 021 
♦ US' 


Friday 
OcL 17 


Kuala Lumpur Finance Minister An- 
war ibrahim announces the 1998 
budget in Parliament. 

Tokyo: Revised industrial produc- 
tion figures for August. 

Wellington: WestpacTrust's con- 
sumer-confidence survey. 


Helsinki: September producer price 
index. 

VbOrburg, Netherlands: Third- 
quarter unemployment 
Earnings expected: Dyno fndustri- 
er ASA. 


Washington: Federal Reserve Sys- 
tem reports industrial-production 
and factory-use data for September 
weekly report on commercial and 
industrial loans at U.S. commercial 
banks. 

Warnings expected: Falconbridge. 



Oct. 10 
8X4521 

24023 ~ 24292 
126420 1210.14 
93069 928.18 

966S8 965X3 

1.13086 1,125X4 
506X5 505.79 

1,739X3 1,71183 

17,37652 17X47XS -IX! 

1227X0 133080 -\M 

7,110X0 7.085X0 +035 

2955.11 3X94-01 —4X9 

4,188X2 4273.71 —159 

1427112 15,182.02 . -6X5 

972X7 970X0 +0.18 


Prta»n8a 
wad total mte 

JOPCHI 

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CoS money 
3-toOrtfti Interbank 
BTOata 

BanHaserote 

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3-monflt WaUmk 
Ganawr 

CoS owner 
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Oct 10 

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4X0- 

3X2 

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500 ■ 
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110 

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S.i mdmtem 


item 


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ux. 

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Pounds sterling 
r wntfi Euim 
ItaBonDre 
Danish kroner 
5we£di kronor 

Etus nWmlflnn 
Can.! 

AUS.J 
N i* 

YM 


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6X3 

6X9 

5.95 

6X0 

4X6 

5J9 

526 

A82 

526 

426 

536 

5X9 

6X6 

1X7 


Weekly Sales 

PrtnwjMart*! 


OdF 


6 M 
6.16 
5X6 
7X1 
5X7 
5X3 
5X1 
520 
5X8 
5X4 
530 
5X8 
723 
1-X2 


6X7 

6.17 

5.97 

6X0 

4.9S 

5X7 

5X3 

522 

188 

522 

5X6 

5X4 

721 

128 


7X9 

6X4 

6X1 

725 
5X7 
7.79 
5X3 
5X1 
6X2 
5X3 
6X1 

726 
839 
2.15 


s Nan 

16.0 — 


t 

249 2 


- X 

181.0 1X245 


Seva: Lwumbews stock exchange. 


Straights 

Convert. _ 

FRN 5 3jni mi . 

w wamsi 

SeowtavMmtet 

35nS EmcM 

, « Nan i Mari 
F™9«s27X672 2H974X7 1031 5.1 3424 U 
_141S72 855X 2X58X 2212X 

2Z358X 2,9982 511372 11232.1 
U«40 1&834X 28277X 282175 
6*7692 41X62X1 94X88X 76X08X 
Soore « B«rodrar.teMBanfc. 


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ECP 

ToM 


'to. 


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Worid Index horn Atcvpai Stanley CapM toff Perspective. 


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328X0 33120 -084 


Libor Rates 


l-nona 

UX.S 5ft 5ft 

OeutoSftmarft 3ft 
Pound Cwang 7ft, 7ft 

Sources: Ueyds Bank. Reutau. 


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- i • 





[MTEBNATtONAl, 


BUSINESS/FINANCE 



MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 


PAGE 13 


CYBERSCAPE 







Jm tiffs l 


ft: 



Two monks in Bangkok editing a database of “TipHaka,” a Baddhist text, for its issuance on aC^RDNL^ 

Asia’s Currency Crisis - On-Line 

Spread of Web Sites Allows Access to Markets and Governments 


By Thomas Crampton 

Special fn the Herald Tribune 




B 


? 





ANGKOK — For years, 
predatory reporters have 
pounced on hapless Bank of 
Thailand officials as they 
emerged from the elevator at 3 P.M. on 
the last Thursday of the month after the 
bank's regular meeting. With elbows 
flying, the frenzied pack Fights for the 
first copy of the bank's latest data. 

Now, with the fall of die baht and 
other currencies around the region, the 
crow ds have grown larger and the jab- 
bing fiercer. Last month, however, the 
first word of the status of Thailand’s 
foreign reserves was not shouted Into a 
mobile phone by a journalist staking 
out the bank but was lifted off the 
central bank’s home page on the 
World Wide Web 10 minutes before 
reporters got the news. 

Unremarkable in other pans of die 
world, the dissemination of informa- 
tion by Internet isstiUrarein Southeast 
Asia, The Internet is relatively new in 
most countries, and the region has 
been described as a black hole for 
financial information. 

But there is a rapidly growing num- 
ber of sites that present relevant and 
timely data about the region’s eco- 
nomic crisis. For live quotes, Financial 
Interactive Services Hub (www.in- 
from.com.sg/) carries a selection of 
regional currency movements against 
the dollar as well as a variety of stock 
market indices. Notably absent. 


however, are quotes from Indonesia 
and the Philippines. 

Almost all of Southeast Asia’s local 
papers and their Web sites can easily 
be found through the Asian Mall 
(www.asianmalLccaxtAopncwrs/). The 
Asian Mall also picks up selections of 
stories and creates an on-line regional 
front page. On their own sites, many of 
the papers have systems that allow 
users to search through back issues. 

While live news is a rare commod- 
ity on the web, the Stock Talk page of 
the Singapore Business Times 
(www.asial.cooLsg/btstocks/) offers 

CYBERSCAPE 

regional market news as well as a well- 
attended forum where news updates 
are occasionally dropped into the dis- 
cussion to dispel rumors. 

Volleys of insults ban be read on die 
home pages of adversaries George Sot- 
os (www.soros.org) and Prime Min- 
ister Mahathir bin Mohamad of Malay- 
sia (wwwZjaringjnyAnsia/govi/pm/ 
pm.html ) The two men have been en- 
gaged in a dispute over who is to blame 
tor Malaysia's recent economic woes. 

Web sites operated by government 
news agencies include those of Malay- 
sia's Bexnaxna ' News Agency 
(www.asiapaonet/bernama/ in 
news.html), and Indonesia's official 
Antara News Agency (www.am- 
ara.coid/welcome-engJitml). 

Most Southeast Asian central banks 
also have Web sites where they provide 


comprehensive data The Bank of 
T hailand (www.boLor.th/), Bank Neg- 
ara Malaysia (www.bnm.gov.my5. 
Monetary Authority of Singapore 
(wwwjnas.gov.sg/). Bank Indonesia 
(www.bLgo.id/) and particularly the 
Philippine central bank’s regional of- 
fice Infolink site (www.gsilink.com) 
also present a tremendous amount of 
historic data. 

For a regional outlook, the Asian 
Development Bank’s statistics files 
can be downloaded in spreadsheet 
form (www_asiandevbank-Qrg/). 

Most Southeast Asian stock markets 
offer free but slightly delayed stock 
quotes as well as information on listed 
co mpanie s. The Kuala Lumpur Stock 
Exchange (wwwJdse.camjny/) in- 
cludes a stock-performance calculator. 

The Philippine Stock Exchange 
(www.pse.com.ph/), Singapore Stock 
Exchange (www .ses.conLsg/) and, for 
now, the Stock Exchange of Thailand 
(www.seLor.ih/) all update prices fre- 
quently and provide recent company 
disclosures. 

The Stock Exchange of Thailand, 
however, has announced that it will 
discontinue live quotes this month. 
The Jakarta Stock Exchange 
(www.jsx.co.id/), on the other hand, 
will begin to report live from the trad- 
ing floor by next month. 

Internet address: 

CyberScape@iht.com 


< Recent technology articles: 
wyvwjhi.comJIHTfTECHl 


In Face of Hostility and Questions, 
Paris Defends Plan on Work Hours 


By Barry James 

International Herald Tribune 


PARIS — Government officials de- 
fended the decision to shorten the legal 
working week to 35 horns, with no loss 
of pay, by the year 2000, saying the 
measure would have a minimal effect.on 
productivity and company profits. 

But representatives of employers bit- 
terly attacked the decision, which Prime 
Minister Lionel Jospin announced Fri- 
day at the end of a one-day conference 
on eanploymenL 

Jean Gandois, the head of the em- 
ployers’ national council said he had 
been “duped" by Mr. Jospin and 
warned, “We have lost a battle but we 
have not lost die war." 

Officials present at the meeting said 
they had been taken aback by Mr. Gan- 
dois’ violent reaction, since he had 
seemed conciliatory dining the discus- 
sions. His own position appeared equi- 
vocal, since he is director of a Belgian 
steel company that recently introduced a 
34-hour week. 

The officials said the mood suddenly 
turned sour in the last few minutes of the 
conference as other members of the 
employers council pushed notes across 
the table at Mr. Gandois. “Let’s get oat 
of here," wrote Denis Kessler, the 


council’s economic chief. 

Bat Mr. Gandois later backtracked on 
his allegation that be had been duped, 
and said the council would not withdraw 
from discussions with the government 
and unions. However, he stood by his 
verdict that a shorter workweek would 
be bad for jobs, bad for Europe and bad 
for social dialogue. 

The. measure would introduce the 
biggest reduction in working hours 


is often held up as a model of economic 
efficiency, employees work an average 
1,409 hours a year. 

Government officials over the week- 
end acknowledged that the plan could 
' fail to have the desired effect on lower- 
ing unemployment if employers and 
workers failed to implement iL 

They stressed that companies that 
wish to keep the present 39-hour week 
would be legally able to do so al the cost 


The theory is that the combination of higher 
productivity, wage restraint and government grants will 
cover the cost of the plan. But no one has placed a 
figure on how many jobs it might create. 


since 1936, when Prime Minister Leon 
Blum cut the workweek to 40 hours 
from 48. This was further reduced to 39 
hours in 1982. The move would bring 
France in line with a number of its 
European partners that already work a 
shorter number of hours on an annual 
basis. 

Counting vacations, the average 
French employee works 1,666 hours a 
year compared with 1,744 hours in the 
United States. In the Netherlands, which 


of increased overtime expenses. How 
much more the companies might have to 
pay will be one of the many topics open 
for discussion before the law goes into 
effect 

The government officials, who asked 
not to be identified, said the worst-case 
scenario would be that the 35-hour plan 
created no extra jobs. But if a significant 
number of companies accept govem- 

See LABOR, Page 15 


Thai Bank Reformer Quits Over Politics 


By Thomas Crampton 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

BANGKOK — A top finance official 
quit this weekend, saying his efforts to 
help Thailand's foundering economy 
were facing excessive political inter- 
ference. 

Amaret Sila-on, chairman of the gov- 
ernment-appointed committee oversee- 
ing 58 suspended finance companies, 
resigned Saturday, just days before the 
government was to consider the mea- 
sures he had prepared as part of an eco- 
nomic restructuring package required by 
the International Monetary Fund. 

“Tire 58 suspended finance 
nies have become a political foott 
Mr. Amaret said. 

Political interference in economic af- 
fairs has been an ongoing concern voiced 


by the International Monetary Fund, 
which has arranged a $17.2 billion bail- 
out for Thailand's flagging economy. 

Deputy Prime Minister Virabongsa 
Ramahkura, who is in charge of pre- 
paring the package to be announced 
Tuesday, said it would include sweep- 
ing changes to the Thai economy and 
perhaps require further funding from 
international institutions. 

“Financial-institution restructuring 
is just a part of the plan," Mr. Vira- 
bongsa said in an interview Sunday. 
“We will also have .announcements 
about privatization, industrial restruc- 
turing and civil service reform." 

Hie projects beyond the finance sec- 
tor, which would include training work- 
ers and retooling machines, could re- 
quire Thailand to ask for further 
assistance from the Asian Development 


Bank and World Bank, he said. 

“We will not know how much it will 
cost until we launch the program," he 
said. 

An outsider brought back from re- 
tirement to manage the IMF package, 
Mr. Virabongsa said he would combat 
political interference by making the en- 
tire plan available to the public. 

Thailand will face a tough time meet- 
ing IMF budget constraints, he said. In 
addition to voting on the economic re- 
structuring package, the cabinet is sched- 
uled to debate budget cuts Tuesday. 

Under the financial-restructuring 
package, Mr. Virabongsa said, assets of 
suspended finance companies that did 
not make approved mergers in time 
would be placed under die management 
of two new bodies, which will divide 
their assets according to their viability. 


GPU of U.S. Acquires 
Australian Power Grid 
In $1.99 Billion Deal 


Lufthansa Issue Is Priced to Yield $2.69 Billion 


Reuters 

MELBOURNE — GPU 
Inc., a U.S. energy company, 
acquired Victoria state’s elec- 
tricity-transmission mid, 
PowerNet Victoria, for 2.71 
billion Australian dollars 
($1.99 billion), Jeff Kennett, 
the state's premier, said Sun- 





Reuters 

FRANKFURT — Shares in Bonn’s 
remaining stake in the airline Deutsche 
Lufthansa AG will be issued at 3330 
Deutsche marks ($19.03) each when 
Germany's biggest public offering in 
1 997 kicks off Monday, the coordinating 
banks said Sunday. 

*. The lead coordinators Dresdner 
■^KJeinwort Benson and SBC Warburg 
Dillon Read said in a joint statement that 
the share issue — Germany’s second- 
. biggest ever — would yield around 4.7 
billion DM ($2.69 billion). 

The Lufthansa offer was more than 
two limes oversubscribed, and the spon- 
soring banks said this showed strong 
interest in shares in the flag carrier. More 
than 50 percent of the issue was pur- 
chased bv private investors. 

"The share price is maybe around 30 
lo 50 pfennig lower than we expected, 
but basically the price is no big surprise, 
and the volume levels are good,’ one 
analyst said. 


The share packet, which accounts for 
about 373 percent of the flag carrier, is 
made up .of the German government's 
35.7 percent stake and a 1.77 percent 
stake held by the German credit agency 
Kjreditanstalt fuer Wiederaufbau. 

Private investors who ordered a min- 
imum of 100 shares before Ocl 2 were 
entitled to a discount of 1 DM per share. 

Allocations to investors were based 
on tire size of their bids as well as the 
timing of the bids. For example, an in- 
vestor who ordered 300 shares before 
OcL 2 will receive 250 shares, while an 
investor who ordered 300 shares after 
Ocl 2 will get 125. 

The offer price is 50 pfennig below 
Lufthansa’s closing price Friday of 
33.80 DM a share. 

A total of 143 million shares will be 
issued, comprising 130 million for in- 
vestors and an oversubscription option 
of 1 3 million shares. 

The banks have said that there is a 
good mix of buyers and rhar demand 


from private investors has been better 
than anticipated. 

Banking sources said that the pro- 
cessing of orders was typical of a sec- 
ondary public offering, with the emphasis 
on “genuine orders" rather than on or- 
ders placed by investors seeking to secure 
a certain number of shares by ordering 
more than they actually wanted 

The buying mix for Lufthansa shares 
had to be a predominantly German one 
because the European Commission had 
assurances from Bonn that 
: would be mainly held by Ger- 
mans to meet the requirements of in- 
ternational air legislation. The regula- 
tions require that flag carriers be able to 
show that national shareholders hold a 
majority stake. 

The makeup of the banking consor- 
tium was aime d to ensure that Germans 
would rerain the majority of Lufthansa, 
with Dresdner Kleinwort Benson and 
SBC Warburg Dillon Read chosen as 
global coordinators. 


le sale marked the latest 
stage in the privatization of 
Victoria’s power assets, 
which have been auctioned 
off over the past two years for 
a total of 223 billion dollars. 

PowerNet owns and main- 
tains Victoria's high-voltage 
power lines, which cover 
227,600 square kilometers 
(91,040 square miles) and are 
connected to the power grids 
in the neighboring states of 
New South Wales and South 
Australia. 

GPU agreed to pay 2.55 
billion dollars plus 161 mil- 
lion dollars in licensing fees. 
Its bid beat an offer by Bri- 
tain’s National Grid Co. and 
Itochn Corp. of Japan, which 
had been considered the lead- 
ing contender. Other bidders 
were Singapore Power, 
Macquarie Bank and Consol- 
idated Natural Gas Co., a U.S. 
company. 


David Brauer, GPU’s in- 
ternational vice president, 
called PowerNet an “attract- 
ive and well-run asset.” 

“We will add value to the 
business by identifying and 
pursuing wider opportunities 
involving areas such as tele- 
communications and related 
consulting activities," he 
said 

Rates on the transmission 
network will be regulated by 
Victoria. After the southern 
and eastern Australian states 
join to form an open power 
market next year, each state’s 
power-grid rates will be re- 
viewed by the Australian 
Competition and Consumer 
Commission. 

Along with power plants 
and transmission lines in 
North America, Latin Amer- 
ica, Europe and Asia, GPU 
has a 50 percent stake in Sol- 
aris Power, a Victoria distri- 
bution company that it co- 
owns with Australian Gas 
Light Co., a natural-gas com- 
pany. 

To meet the state’s cross- 
ownership rules, GPU will 
have to reduce its interest in 
Solaris to no more than 20 
percent over the next six 
months. 


CURRENCY RATES U.S. Machine-Tool Orders Post a 10.2% Jump 


Cross Rates 

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OwtMMntrii 1 7405 «73»3 1733? 


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WASHINGTON — Orders for ma- 
chine tools rose 10J2 percent in August 
from the month before, helped by pur- 
chases by Use auto pans a nd aerospace 
industries, an industry survey said. 

Orders from U.S. companies for do- 
mestic and foreign-produced machine 
tools rose to an estimated S703 million in 
August from a revised $638 million in 
July, according © a report from the 
Association for Manufacturing Technol- 
ogy and the American Machine Too! 
Distributors’ Association that was is- 
sued for release Monday. 

“The impact of spending fay the auto- 
motive supply chain as well as the boom 
in aerospace investment has resulted in 
continued growth for machine tool or- 
ders,” said Albert Moore, the associ- 
ation’s presidenL 

Orders in Western states soared, fol- 
lowed try fflms in the. Midwest and 
South, the report showed The Northeast 
and Central regions posted declines. 

August's total also brought orders up 
17 percent to $5.6 billion in the first 
seven months of this year from a year 
earlier. Estimated orders climbed 38.4 
percent this August from $508 million in 


August 1996. The machine-tools report 
— which analysts watch to gauge in- 
dustrial output, consumer demand, and 
business investment — was in line with 
recent government data. 

The industry groups originally report- 
ed that projected orders for machine 
tools — which are used to shape and 
assemble metal in products ranging from 
diesel engines to dishwashers — fell 

13.4 percent in July to $666 million. 
Orders totaled an estimated $769 million 
in June. 

The two associations each month es- 
timate U.S. machine-tool consumption 
based cm (he actual number of orders 
placed by selected American manufac- 
turers with U.S. and foreign companies. 

Exports of machine tools by U.S. 
makers, which are counted separately 
from domestic orders, advanced 33.4 
percent to $45.8 million in August from 

534.4 million the previous month. 

The Commerce Department reported 

that overall orders to U.S. factories rose 
13 percent in August for the third 
monthly increase in a row, helped by the 
strongest rise in demand for electronic 
parts in almost four decades. During 
July, manufacturers’ orders increased 


03 percent. The government also re- 
ported a larger-than-expected 2.7 per- 
cent increase in August orders for dur- 
able goods, big-ticket items designed to 
last three years or more. 

When orders outside the transporta- 
tion industry are excluded, August’s 


total rose 2.0 percent 


(AP. Bloomberg) 


■ Higher Forecast for Germany 

The Welt am Sonntag newspaper said 
Germany’s six leading economic re- 
search institutes had raised their forecasts 
for 1997 economic growth to a range of 
2.75 to 3 percent from 2.25 percent, 
Reuters reported from Hamburg. 

Booming exports and gradually ac- 
celerating investment are the main 
factors behind the higher forecast, which 
compares with an official government 
forecast of 2.5 percent growth in gross 
domestic product, the newspaper said. 

Even consumer demand, which has 
been sluggish for years, has begun to 
show signs of life, it said 

The institutes’ semiannual report on 
the economy is to be released Wednesday. 
Officials at the institutes were not avail- 
able for comment over the weekend 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 


PAGE 15 


4f4 •: 

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A Rule on Mutual Funds: 
♦ All That Glitters Isn’t Gold 


14 


u f! 
Im 


*- 


m 






A Brief Shining Moment 


Gold funds rec en tly, but briefly, outpaced 
afl other stock funds. Returns are for the 
weeks ended or dates shown. 


by Carole Gould 

— Nev fort Times Service 

^ — ■ Lucky you if you 

caught die recent gold run-up * 

As Ihr* nnea i j , “ 


«■ r •uktwiiv ait luafls lor two 

SKSfS?* — then fell bockS 
of *“* week as the metal 
bounced around before ending die week 

Gold-oriented funds rose 3.8 percent 
for the week ended Sept 25, followed 
by a gam of 6.5 percent for the week 

INVESTING 

aided Oct 2, according to Upper Ana- 
lytical Services Inc. 

Last week, they fell from that spot, 
with a decline of 0.7 percent 

That movement is typical of gold’s 
volafthty and should underscore that 
gold funds are not a good investment for 
most people, said Amy Granzin, an ana- 
lyst with Mornings tax Inc., the fund 
researchers. 

Gold has lagged the Standard & 


Poor’s 500-stock index by at least 10 
percentage points over the past 3, 5, 10 
and 15 years, Ms. Granzin said. 
p recent spike notwithstanding, gold 
ftmds are down 18 percent this year, 
while the average diversified equity fund 
is up at 29 percent, through Thursday. 

One of the best performers in the 
recent run-up has been Lexington Stra- 
tegic Divestments, which owns South 
African gold mines, one of die riskiest 
sectors of the metals market 

Its managing director, Larry Kantcff, 
credited tight supply and growing de- 
niand, especially for seasonal jewelry, 
for the gains in gn W 

Other analysts pointed to tension in 
the Middle East, rising oil prices and 
concerns over inflation, especially as 
expressed on Wednesday by Alan 
Greenspan, the Federal Reserve chair- 
man, for supporting the sector. 

But on Thursday, gold prices began 
sliding back. On Thursday, New York 
gold prices for December delivery fell 
$6.00 an ounce, to $329.20. By Friday, 
December gold edged up $2.00 to Close 
at 331.20. Mr. Kantor noted that the 
Fed’s expression of concern about in- 


: Gold funds 



+7% - 
+6 — 
+5 — 
44 — 

43 

+2 — 
14-1 i 


SapL Sept. Sept Sept Oct Oct 
4 11 18 25 2 9 

Source: Upper Analytical Services 


flation was actually bad for gold, which 
is traditionally used as a hedge against 
rising prices. 

“When a Federal Reserve or other 
central bank takes steps to c urb infla- 
tion,” he said, “that’s not necessarily 
positive for gold because it’s an indi- 
cation that inflation will be controlled.” 

Ms. Granzin suggested that investors 
in gold funds use them only to com- 
plement a widely diversified portfolio 
'and limi t them to no more than 10 
percent of assets. 


Calculating a Convertible’s Real Appeal 


By Anne Tergesen 

. New York Tunes Service 

A stock-picker’s work is done after 
comparing a stock’s price to its com- 
pany’s prospects. But buyers of con- 
vertibles securities — those that can be 
convened into stocks — must do some 
extra number-crunching. 

The calculations help show whether a 
company’s stock or the convertible issue 
is die better buy. In addition, they can tell 
you whether the convertible's premium 
can be recouped before the company is 
able to “call' 1 the security — a forced 
exchange into cash or the stock. 

Consider Aetna Inc.’s convertible se- 
curity. Each convertible share is re- 
deemable for 0.S197 of a share of the 


insurer’s common stock. At the price of 
$78.5625 at which Aetna's common 
stock ended foe week, each convertible 
has a conversion value of $64.40. 

The difference between that amount 
and die convertible’s price, $77, is the 
conversion p remium — in this case 
$12.60, or 20 percent over the con- 
version value. That is bow much extra 
an investor pays to secure the convert- 
ible’s higher yield. 

Next, compare the dividends. Aetna 
common stock pays 80 cents in div- 
idends a year; foe convertible pays 
$4.75. So an investor would recoup the 
premium at a rate of $3.95 a yean die 
break-even period, at a premium of 
$12.24, would be a bit over three years. 

Aetna’s 19 percent premium is at the 


high end of low, said Jon Hale, an equity 
fund analyst at Mamingstar Inc. But 
because Aetna’s convertible can be 
called in about two years, the three-year 
break-even period mMiw that investors 
are at risk mat a call will occur before 
they have recovered the premium. 

However, one reason for the con- 
vertible's long break-even period is 
that, given recent cats in analysts' fore- 
casts of Aetna's earnings, foe stock has 
fallen proportionately further in price 
than has the convertible. That is pre- 
cisely foe claimed value of a convert- 
ible: a haven in troubled times. 

Don’t want to crunch die numbers by 
yourself? Then ask your broker to do so. 
or consult the Value Line Convertibles 
Survey, available in some libraries. 


LABOR: Paris Faces Questions Over Plan to Reduce Workweek 


Continued from Page 13 

menr subsidies in return for reducing 
hours and increasing staff, the plan 
could pay for itself, the officials said. 

The gain for the companies, thity said, 
would be a chance to reorganize and 
improve productivity, for foe govern- 
ment. it would be a means of reducing 
unemployment payments and increas- 
ing tax revenue. 

“We think it will be a win-win situ- 
ation." an official said. 

Mr. Jospin said he would introduce a 
bill in Parliament at the end of this year 
containing measures to entice compa- 
nies to reduce hours and increase staff. 
This would include a 9,000-franc 
($1,535) annual subsidy for each work- 
er hired m companies thar reduced hows 
by 10 percent and increased staff by 6 
percent. The subsidy would rise to 
14,000 francs for each new worker hired 
at companies that reduced foe work- 
week to 32 hours. 

The government hopes that enough 
companies will accept foe offer to be 
able to conduct a realistic test of econ- 
omists’ theories that a reduction in 
hours can be accomplished at relatively 
small cost through improvements in 


productivity. 

The corollary would be a commit- 
ment to wage restraint and greater flex- 
ibility by workers, foe officials said. 
Flexibility could including working a 
four-day week, working during vaca- 
tions and weekends or having hours 
calculated on an annual basis. The the- 
ory is that die combination of higher 
productivity, wage restraint and gov- 
ernment giants will cover the cost of the 
plan. But no one has placed a figure on 
now many jobs it might create. 

The experience will be reviewed to- 
ward the end of 1999 and foe gov- 
ernment will then introduce a second 
law for a 35-hour week beginning in 
Jan. 1, 2000, for companies with more 
than 10 employees. The measure will be 
extended ro companies with fewer than 
10 workers before foe end of the gov- 
ernment’s five-year term in 2002. 

Mr. Jospin said foe aim of the mea- 
sure was not only to create more jobs but 
also to improve the quality of life for 
minions of workers, particularly wom- 
en who have to balance foe demands of 
family and work. 

The officials conceded that there 
would be resistance to the proposed 
measure from employers but also from 


workers, who may balk at giving up pay 
demands in return for shorter hours. 

The officials pointed out that the legal 
workweek and foe effective workweek 
were not foe same. 

Many employees work longer than 
foe official 39-hour week. By law, they 
should receive 125 percent of full pay 
for the first 130 hours of overtime on an 
annnai basis. This rises to 50 percent 
alter 130 hours. 

There would be nothing to prevent 
employers retaining their present 
timetables after the law goes into effect, 
bm their wage costs would rise heavily 
if the government adopts an idea to tax 
overtime hours at a higher rate. Econ- 
omists believe that overtime currently 
worked in France is die equivalent of 
700,000 full-time jobs. 

The officials said they doubted foe 
plan would affect France’s standing in 
financial markets, since it had been dis- 
cussed for four months without any ef- 
fect on the franc. 

As for inward investment, which is 
higher in France than any European 
Union member except Britain, foreign 
companies are mostly interested in good 
productivity and acquiring a highly 
skjllad labor force, the officials added. 


S HELL : Pipeline Across Iran for Turkmen Gas Under Discussion 


Continued from Page 1 

foe project had been designed 
to involve only Turkmenistan 
gas in transit to Turkey, rather 
than Iranian production. 

Last week, foe Turkmen 
foreign minister, Boris ShUch- 
mnradov. received what he 
described in an interview as a 
“greenish" light for die 
pipeline project during meet- 
ings in Washington with the 
deputy secretary’ of state. 
Strobe Talbott, and the un- 
dersecretary of state for busi- 
ness and economic affairs, 
Stuart Eizenstau 

“Wc would like this green- 
ish signal to become realty 
green. Mr. Shikhmuradov 
•AM 

In response to the an- 
nouncement last month by 
Total, President Bill Clin- 
ton’s administration is hold- 
ing talks with European gov- 
ernments to explore ways of 
avoiding a bruising confron- 
tation over U.S- saw* 101 * 
called for by foe 1996 Iran- 
Ubya Sanctions Act 
But there are mounting 
signs that the U.S. policy 
which is aimed at denying 
Tehran money that could be 
used to support international 
terrorism and develop 
weapons of mass destruction 
— is unraveling. 

A growing web of deals is 
drawing Iran in as a central 
actor in the rush by oil compa- 
nies and governments to ac- 
celerate foe development of 

the region's energy resources, 

in response to huge new de- 
mand in the East and South 

Asia, Turkey and other de- 
veloping areas. 

In the next few weeks, 
Turkmenistan plans to open a 
separate pipeline that initially 
wmcarry f billion cubic me- 
ters of natural gas a year to 

power plants and refineries in 

northern Iran. _. ilolKl 

Shipments ewniugy 

couM reach six ltmes 
volume, according to tw*- 


xnen officials. In addition to 
these projects, Iran is sched- 
uled next year to begin a con- 
troversial U.S.-opposed proj- 
ect under which it initially 
would provide 3 billion cubic 
meters of gas annually to 
Turkish power plants, accord- 
ing to Iranian and Turkish 
diplomatic sources. 

Both countries are extend- 
ing their gas pipelines to 
handle these deliveries, the 
sources said. 

However, U.S. officials 
continue to insist that Iran, 
despite its huge gas reserves, 
has not developed them ad- 
equately to meet its commit- 
ment to Turkey. 

And despite foe evidence 
of plans to develop energy 
links between Iran and Tur- 
key, Washington maintains 
that Turkey has assured U.S- 
officials it will not buy Ira- 
nian gas. 

In another example of die 
expanding web of economic 
relationships involving Ban, 
Kazakstan is shipping 50,000 

to 40,000 barrels ofcmde ml a 
day from its Caspian Sea port 
of Aqtau via coastal barges 
and tankers to small pons in 
northern Iran. 

Under a complicated 
“swap** arrangement re- 
portedly worked out by Swiss 
commodity traders, Iran uses 
foe Kazakstan oil in its north- 
ern refineries. 

It then exports an equiv- 
alent amount of its own oil 
from Gulf terminals m the 
south, crediting the accounts 
of foe Kazak shippers. 

In August, Mr. Omron is- 
sued an executive order cla- 
rifying rules governing U.S. 

Sanctions. 

Claiming to tighten the 

economic noose around Iran, 
the order specifically exemp- 
ted oil swaps between Iran 
and its Caspian Sea neighbors 
from the sanctions. 

In an interview this mourn 
m New York, Hossem 
Kazeropour Ardcbili, energy 


adviser to foe Banian foreign 
minister , Kama! Kharrazi, es- 
timated that Iran could take as 
mnch as 700,000 barrels a day 
of Caspian oil through such 
swap arrangements. 

A si an companies, which 
have been increasing their in- 
vestments in Caspian oil and 
gas projects, also want to use 
Iran as a transit route to Gulf 
terminals. 

Late last month, foe 
Chinese prime minister, Li 
Peng, and Kazakstan’s pres- 
ident, Nursultan Nazarbayev, 
signed a $9.5 billion agree- 
ment to develop a major 
Kazak oO field and build oil 
pipelines both to western 
f*m na and south through Iran 
to foe Gulf. 

Kazak officials said they 
regarded foe pipeline across 
Iran as a priority. 

In an interview, Mr. Shikh- 
rrwradov said his country had 
stopped shipping gas north- 
ward because Russia and sev- 
eral other former Soviet re- 
publics owed $3 billion for 
past deliveries. 

“No mare complimentary 


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Zurich Insurance Looks to BAT 

Companies Hold Talks to Create a Financial- Services Giant 


Bloomberg News 

LONDON — Zurich Insurance Co., 
Switzerland’s biggest insurer, said Son- 
day it was in talks with BAT Industries 
PLC. a British tobacco and financial 
services group, to create a new company 
valued at £22 billion ($35.7 billion). 

Discussions are at an "advanced 
stage," though no agreement has been 
concluded, Zurich said after British 
newspapers reported that foe two were 
in folks. 

“Zurich and foe board of BAT In- 
dustries confirm that they are in dis- 
cussions which may or may not lead to a 
merger of BAT Industries* interests in 
financial services with the Zorich 
Group," the statement said. 

Zurich said its shareholders, through 
a Swiss holding company, would own 
55 percent of foe new company and 
BAT shareholders, through a British 
holding company, would own 45 per- 
cent 

The transaction would come as a 
growing number of financial services 
companies unite in a bid to increase 
assets under management and to raise 
foe stable earnings money management 
tends to generate. Insurers in Europe, 
meanwhile, are uniting as competition 
he ightens and marg ins shrink 

The Sunday Times reported that U.S. 
investment bank Goldman, Sachs & Co. 
was acting as adviser. But a spokesman 


Finmsh-Swedish link 
Seen In Bank Sector 

STOCKHOLM (Reuters) — The 
boards of Merita Bank Ltd. of Finland 
and Nordbankeo AB of Sweden met 
Sunday to finalize details of a planned 
link that would create the Nordic re- 
gion’s largest bank, wrath more than $10 
billion, according to Famish reports. 

But executives at Finland’s biggest 
bank and Sweden’s stale-controlled 
bank and government officials refused 
to comment On foe report in foe Heisin- 
genSanomaL 

The newspaper, without naming its 
sources, said foe alliance could be an- 
nounced as soon as Monday. 

HSBC Holdings 
Shuffles Management 

LONDON (Bloomberg) — HSBC 
Holdings PLC. Britain’s largest bank, 
said Sunday that its chairman. Sir Wil- 
liam Purves, would retire May 31 and be 
succeeded by the chief executive, John 
Bond, as part of a wide-ranging man- 


for Goldman declined to comment 


expected to spin off its financial ser- 
vices division, which includes insurers 
Eagle Star and Allied Dunbar in Britain 
and Fanners Insurance Group in foe 
United Slates, and merge them with 
Zurich on an equal basis. 

BAT has said in die past it wanted 
break off its financial services division 
if it could find a large insurance partner. 
It cried Iasi year to merge it with Com- 
mercial Union PLC. bat talks broke 
down when the companies could not 
agree on a management structure. 

On June 27, Zurich said it bought 
Scndder. Stevens & Clark Inc. for 
$1,667 billion in cash and stock, cre- 
ating one of foe 10 largest U.S. fond 
managers, and already owned another 
fund manager, Kemper Crap. 

At foe end of June, Zurich had 218 
billion Swiss francs ($150 billion) in total 
assets under management, a number that 
will swell to more than $300 billion once 
its planned $1.7 billion acquisition of 
New York-based Scudder is completed. 
Mare than $200 billion will be managed 
fra third parties, Zurich has 1 said. 

These U.S. businesses could use Fann- 
ers as a distribution network for their 
products. The Sunday Telegraph said. 

The merger could take about a year to 
complete because of regulatory com- 
plexities, including the problems as- 


SHORT COVER 

agement shake-up. 

Keith Whitson, chief executive of 
British subsidiary Midland Bank, will 
become the new HSBC chief executive; 
William Dalton, chief executive of 
Hongkong Bank of Canada, will move 
to London to head Midland. 

In die United States. Jim Cleave will 
retire as chief executive of HSBC 
Americas, which includes Marine Mid- 
land Banks Ltd., and will be succeeded 
by Marine Midland’s chief operating 
officer, Malcolm BumetL 

MCI Pursues Details 
Of WorldCom’s Bid 

NEW YORK (Reuters) — MCI Com- 
munications Corp. is keeping its options 
open by asking for more details about 
WorldCom Inc.*s proposed $35 billion 
takeover, while moving ahead on its deal 
to be acquired by British Telecommu- 
nications PLC. 

MCI’s directors met Friday to discuss 
foe WorldCom bid in Washington. 

BT conceded that MCI had a duty to its 
shareholders to consider a takeover offer 
that outstrips BT’s own of about $20 
billion. MCI has so far neither recom- 


sociated with having the shares trade on 
two exchanges, foe reports said. 

In 1996, Zorich’s premium volume 
amounted to 31.8 billion Swiss francs, 
with about one-third of premiums gen- 
erated in the United States. In Britain, 
Zurich’s gross premiums totaled 1-66 
billion francs, making it Zurich's 
founh-biggest market behind foe United 
States, Switzerland and Germany. 

The Scudder purchase was one in a 
series Chief Executive Rolf Hoeppi has 
carried out since he assumed his post in 
1991. Mr. Hueppi, 54, is credited with 
masterminding the Zurich-based general 
insurer's move into fund management 

Last year, Zurich bought Chicago- 
based Kemper Corp. for about $2 bil- 
lion. On the insurance side, it also took 
over foe policies of Home Holdings Inc. 
in 1995, and this year offered more than 
$300 milli on for the 34 percent in of 
Zurich Reinsurance Center Holdings 
Inc. it does not already own. 

This year, Zurich completed a 105 
million Swiss-franc purchase of Pro- 
tector Forsikrmg ASA of Norway, to 
expand its share in the Nordic markets. 

In other insurance mergers, Axa SA 
and Union des Assurances de Paris of 
France completed a $8.67 billion stock 
swap in May to form Axa-UAP., cre- 
ating the world's second-biggest insur- 
ance company behind Nippon Life In- 
surance of Japan. 


mended nor rejected WoridCom’s ad- 
vance. MCI’s board is planning to meet 
■ again next week to further consider 
WorldCom’ s bid. 

Foreigners Invested 
$1.22 Billion in Israel 


JERUSALEM (Reuters) — Foreign 
investors put $1.22 billion into the Is- 
raeli economy in the third quarter, mark- 
ing a sharp nse from the first half, the 
Bank of Israel said .Sunday. 

At the same time the Israeli private 
sector exported $389 million in capital, 
marking a turnaround from a huge flow 
of capital imports in foe previous two- 
and-a-half years. In foe first half alone, 
capital imports tty Israelis reached 
55.34 billion. 

For the Record 

Maple Leaf Foods Inc.’s Toronto- 
area hog slaughterers have voted to 
strike Canada’ s largest food processor in 
Nov. 15 because of cost-cutting efforts 
to become competitive with U.S. pro-, 
ducers. (Bloomberg) 


Your Guide Tb 
129 Ibpitench Companies 


COMP 



BOOK 


gas," he said. 

He stressed, therefore, that 
foe alternative export route 1 
through Iran “is a matter of 
survival fra us.” 

Turkmen and Iranian dip- 
lomats described the Shell 
pipeline proposal as partic- 
ularly attractive because it re- j 
portedly would not involve I 
financing through interna - 1 
tional hanks or leading in- 
stitutions, forums in which 
foe U.S. government might be 
able to exercise a veto. 

It is unclear how much Iran 
would profit directly. 

■ French Deal Proceeds 

A senior Iranian official i 
said Saturday that a $2 billion 
gas deal with France’s oil gi- 
ant Total SA had entered the 
implementation phase, Reu- 
ters reprated from Tehran. 

•“The South Pars gas deal 
with Total has been in effect 
as of OcL 7, and foe imple- 
mentation of Phases 2 arai 3 
has begun,” Iranian televi- 
sion quoted Hadi Nejad 
Hossenian, a deputy oil min- 
ister, as saying. 


Published by the International Herald Tribune, the 1997 edition includes detailed 
profiles of all the companies in the SBF f 20 Index. 

The SBF 1 20 Index includes the CAC 40 plus other major firms. These are the 
companies to watch in the coming yearn. 

Each profile includes: head office, CEO, investor relations manager, company 
background and major activities, recent developments, sales breakdown, shareholders, 
subsidiaries and holdings in France and internationally; 1992-1996 financial performance, 
and recent stock trading history. 

Updated annually, the Handbook is indispensable for anyone who needs to know 
about the leading companies in the world’s fourth-Iangest economy. 


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SPORTS 


Rome Police 
Say Tactics 
Thwarted 
Hooligans 

Reuters 

ROME — The police said Sunday 
they had used farce against English soc- 
cer fans during a World Cup match here 
to prevent more serious violence. 

The police said it had been impossible 
to keep opposing fans apart because 
thousands of En glan d supporters had 
bought tickets on a thriving black mar- 
ket outside the Olympic stadium for 

seats in sections reserved for Italians. ■ 

The trouble at the World Cup qual- 
ifying game started when Italian and 
English supporters in the southern end 
of the ground hurled plastic seats at one 
another across an empty section 
guarded by police. When a handful of 
England supporters edged toward the 
Italians, police officers in riot gear 
pushed them back. 

The pattern was repeated throughout 
the first half of the match, with police 
wading into die English fans each time 
they encroached the buffer zone sep- 
arating them from the I talians . 

“The incidents in the southern area of 
the ground occurred because of repealed 
attempts by hooligans, all of them under 
the influence of alcohol, to get across to 
the southern curve" where the I talians 
fans were, said Rino Monaco, a senior 
police officer. 'To stop them, we had to 
take measures to relieve the situation, 
and they had the desired effect. They 
prevented more serious incidents, and as 
a result, things returned to normal” 

“The Italians should be ashamed of 
themselves for the manner in which they 
reacted,” said DavidMellor, head of the 
British government's Football Task 
Force. ‘ ‘Swinging their batons, bashing 
people while they were on the ground — 
that was not the behavior of a civilized 
police force." 

Monaco said there were 15,000 to 
16,000 English fans in the stadium, rather 
than the 9,000 who had bought tickets 
through official channels in Britain. 

Police said 28 people, 24 of them 
English, had been arrested between Fri- 
day and Sunday morning. Police said 69 
people, 33 of them English, were injured 
in die same period. They included an 
English fan stabbed in Rome early Sun- 
day. Sixteen officers and three members 
of die Carabinieri paramilitary police 
were injured. 



tans 



Geri 

Win Without Genius 


n 


By Ian Thomsen 

Intemekmal Herald Tribune 


of goals at the end of Germany victory 


utrifUir AffwiMn! 1 Vpw 


England’s Paul Gascoigne tackling Italy’s Dino Baggio during their qualifying match, which ended in a draw. 

England Battles Italy to a Cup Draw 


By Peter Berlin 

international Herald Tribune 


ROME — England advanced to the 
World Cup finals in France after an ugly 
and nerve-racking 0-0 draw with Italy, 
on a tense and ugly night in Rome. 

F.n gtanri needed only to draw to finish 
first in European qualifying in Group 2. 
The Italians mJgj to win. En gland 
gained die result it needed after a mean- 
spirited and disjointed game. For most of 
the first half, while the players kicked 
each other on the field, the Italian police 
and a section of England’s fans battled for 
control of a small patch of the stands. 

All week the two coaches had engaged 
in a war of words. Glenn Hoddle. Eng- 
land's coach, insisted that his team knew 
only bow to attack. Cesare MaJdxni, his 
Italian counterpart, said dial his 
would wait for the English to press for- 
ward and score on the coant erattack. 

In the end, Hoddle adopted a tra- 
ditionally Italian approach, opting for a 


five-man defense screen and adding two 
defense-minded midfielders. 
Meanwhile, Maldini, a naturally cau- 



pairtng 
Zola and Christian Vied. 

Early on, Italy threatened most when 
defender Paolo Maldini galloped for- 
ward. But Maldini injured himself kick- 
ing Paul Ince, who was already 
spattered in blood from a head wound 
After Maldini left, the creative weight 
fell entirely on Zola's small shoulders. 

England was content to contain, but 
created the only two clear scoring 
chances of the first 90 minutes: Ince 
smashed his shot straight at Angelo Per- 
nzzi and David Beckham curled his shot 
just high. 

Mano van derEnde, the Dutch referee, 
produced his yellow card nin e times. The 
most notable offender was Angelo Di 
- Livio. He received a yellow card in the 
first half andplayed most of the second in 


a barely controlled fury, arguing re- 
peatedly with van da - Ende. Finally be 
leaped at Sol Campbell England’s im- 
mense central defender, apparently intent 
on kicking with both feet at once and was 
thrown out of the game. 

As the teams tired, attacking players 
finally found a little space. As Del Piero 
burst into the England penalty area, Tony 
Adams appeared to tnp him. Instead of 
calling a penalty. Van der Ende showed 
Del Piero a yellow card for diving. 

While the game was rarely graceful it 
was always engrossing and ended in 
heart-stopping theater. 

In injury time, Ian Wright, the Eng- 
land striker broke clear, beat Pemzzi, 
steadied hims elf and fired the ball 
against the post. 

Within seconds Vieri was free in 
front of England's goal He guided his 
header past the flatfooted Seaman but 
also just past the post, and now Italy 
most win a playoff to go to the World 
Cup finals next s umm er. 


French officials, who are still arguing 
over whether to remove fences from 
their stadiums for the 1998 World Cup, 
Learned Saturday that their security 
forces will be distressed by more than 
just foe English fens. 

The Germans and the Dutch also ad- 
vanced, and if their supporters should 
meet during foe 32-team World Cup 
finals - next June and July, the result 

WokipCof Soccm 

could be violent Another jackpot of bad 
moods could develop if Yugoslavia and 
Croatia meet either in foe European 
playoff round, for which both qualified 
this weekend, or in France. 

Twenty of the World Cup finalists are 
now known. Eleven of them are from 
Europe. An additional four European 
finalists will be derived from a horoe- 
and-away playoff in the next month 
involving the second-place teams from 
the nine European qualifying groups. 
The draw for those playoffs will be held 
Monday in Zurich. 

The leading European soccer powers, 
with the exception of Italy, assured their 
places in foe finals as the 18 -month 
qualifying tournament ended Saturday. 
The Germans, the Dutch and the Span- 
ish, like Italy, looked fairly miserable in 
their final match. Most worried of all 
was Germany, which almost failed to 
advance during its outrageous 4-3 vic- 
tory over Albania, foe last-place team in 
Group 9, which arrived in Hannover 
with Just four goals in nine games. 

Juergen Klinsmann and Matthias 
S umm er were both sidelined for Ger- 
many, which needed only a draw to 
qualify for France. In their place as 
captain was Juergen Kohler, who in- 
tercepted an enemy cross with a diving 
header (the first own-goal of his in- 
ternational career ) to give Albania foe 
opening lead in foe 55fo minute. 

Thomas Helmer and Oliver Bierhoff 
put Germany ahead, only to see Kohler 
present Albania’s Igli Tare with the 
equalizer with 10 minutes left With 
four minutes remaining, foe Germans 
were celebrating a go-ahead goal by 
■Olaf Marschall; two minutes later the 
Albanians scored to make it 3-3. Usu- 
ally, matches like this only happen in foe 
comic books. In the final minute, Bier- 
hoff produced foe clincher, much as he 
had done two summers ago with a pair 



because it. . 

was just like tor tne i «u World Cup," 
said Bierhoff, recalling Germany’s 
comeback, 2-1 qualifying victory over 
Wales. Gennany won foe Work! Cup 
that year. This team seems more prone 
to lapses. 

“The important thing is that we have 
qualified,” foe injured Klinsmann said 
after watching from foe stands. “Other 
nations such as Italy or England would 
have been just too happy if we had 
not.” , 

like its German rivals, the Neth- 
erlands barely made it through with a , . 
scoreless draw over visiting Turkey. A. . 
Spain also qualified with a cautious 3- ? 
win over the nonraally unobtrusive 
Faroe Islands. 

Denmark and Austria each won their 
groups Saturday to qualify for the finals. 
Denmark advanced via a scoreless draw 
in Athens, which dropped the Greeks to 
third place. They were overtaken by 
Croatia, which advances to the playoffs. 

Another victim of heartbreak was Fin- 
land, which lost its place in the upcoming 
playoff to Hungary on an equalizing goal 
m injury time by Vilmos Sebok. 

In Group 4, Scotland finished behind 
Austria, but the Scots had foe best record 
of the European second-place teams and 
thus qualified outright for foe finals. 

Scotland's decisive 2-0 victory in^.- 
Glasgow over Latvia served as sad con- * - 
firmation for Sweden. The Swedes 
placed third at foe 1994 World Cup in 
tire United States, but they won’t appear 
in France next summer. 

In Asia, meanwhile, nothing has yet 
been decided in foe two final qualifying 
groups. 

On Saturday, Fahd Muhalel scored in 
the 66fo minute to give Saudi Arabia a 1- 
0 victory over Qatar. The victory left the 
Saudis a point behind Iran, the group A 
leader, ana level with China. 

In Group B. Wagnar Lopes scored 
with a minute remaining to give Japan a 
1-1 draw in Uzbekistan. Japan, which 
fired manager Shu Kamo on Ocl 5 after 
a 1-1 draw in Kazakstan, remained in 
third place in foe group, a point behind. . 
the United Arab Emirates. South Korea'! 
leads the group. * T;Jr 

The two Asian group winners qualify 
for foe World Cup. The runners-up meet 
in a playoff with foe winner qualifying 
and foe loser having to play Australia 
for one last chance at the 32-team 
field. 


nr 

ilk « ! 

IS* 

!>* 



Scoreboard 


BASEBALL 


MLCmMPIOHSHff 

wmr* uwwon 
AJfanfn 000 in 000-2 A 1 

Ftartto 100 114 OOR-S I 1 

Smote Cottier (7). Ligtenberg (8) ood J. 
Lopes Sounder* LHemandez (A). Cook (8), 
Men TO andC Johnson. WML Hernandez |. 
0. L— Smoltz 0-1 . So— Nen Q). HR— Florida 

Sheffield (1). 

SJOWSiri UKMCOMS 
Atlanta in no 000-4 it o 

Florida BOO 000 000— 0 4 0 

Neagle and JL Lapec A-Lotter. F. Hererfa 
(7). Vnsberg (V) and CJehnson. W— Neagta 
1-a L-A. Letta 0-1. HR— Atlanta. Bln user 
(1). 

Sorias Sod 2-2. 

AL CHAMPIONSHIP 


CE HOCKEY 


NHL Standings 


Washington 
PMadHpfiki 
New Jersey 

M. Y. Rangers 
TanpaBay 

N. Y. islanders 
Florida 


IMIM COMfWNCK 

ATLANTIC DtVmON 
f L T Ph 

5 


GF GA 
25 13 
19 13 

13 12 

14 11 
12 11 

9 11 
9 11 


NORIHEASr DMUON 


W L T Ph GF GA 


Ottawa 

2 

1 

2 

6 

10 

10 

Montreal 

2 

1 

1 

5 

11 

9 

BuCJo 

2 

3 

1 

5 

IS 

17 

Pittsburgh 

2 

3 

1 

5 

15 

18 

Boston 

2 

3 

0 

4 

1J 

19 

Carolna 

1 

4 

1 

3 

13 

19 


Btdtfanare no 000 001 000-1 0 1 
Clowhnd OH BOO 100 001-2 A 0 
(12 k>i|ngs)‘JU\usslna A. BenAez (8), 
Orosco m. MBs (9). Rhodes (1(0. RaMyws 
(111 and Holies. Webster (91; HeralUser. As- 
senmacher 181. MJachsan IB}. Mesa (91, Ju- 
defl (111, Mormon (II). Plunk 02) andS-Akt- 
mar. W— Plunk. 1-0. L—Ra Myers, 0-1. 

Oevefcmd leads series 2 - 1 . 

Japanese Leagues 
cwnuu. umui 


CENTRAL OMSIOH 

W L T Pb GF GA 


Detroit 

4 

0 

0 

8 

17 

4 

SI Louis 

4 

1 

0 

8 

18 

It 

Dohas 

2 

2 

1 

5 

15 

9 

Phoenix 

2 

2 

1 

5 

15 

16 

Toronto 

1 

3 

1 

3 

6 

12 

Chicago 

0 

4 

0 

0 

S 

20 



w 

L 

T 

Pet £H 

Yakut! 

83 

SI 

2 

419 — 

Yokohama 

72 

63 

— 

sa n j 

Hiroshima 

65 

69 

— 

-4C5 18J) 

Yomiori 

63 

72 

— 

467 2QJ 

Hcn*hta 

62 

73 

1 

459 2U 

Chualchf 

S9 

76 

I 

437 24-5 



x-CHtxhcd league pennant 



W 

L 

T 

PCL 


Settro 

76 

56 

3 

JT76 

— 

Orix 

71 

SI 

3 

J38 

5.0 

Kintetsu 

68 

63 

4 

.519 

7.5 

Nippon Ham 

63 

71 

1 

470 

140 

Data 

63 

71 

1 

470 

14JI 

Lotte 

57 

» 

2 

429 

19JS 


x-cKnched league pennant 


CENTRAL LEAGUE 
Yakut! 4 Hiroshima 4 
HorsJhi lft Yokohama 2 

Mcmc LEAGUE 

Orth 7, Lode 3 

saaumntiiM 

CENTRAL LEAGUE 
Yokohama A Hamhbil 

PACIFIC LEAGUE 
Seflw 11. Ortx 3 
Odd 4 Lotte Z first gome 
Lolle 9, Dalci a second game 


Now Jersey 0 0 I— 1 

CanSaa I 0 1—2 

First Period: Carofina Sanderson 2 
(Kapanen, OTMO Second Period: None. 
TUrd Period: NJ. -McKay 4 (Ntedermcrync 
Andreychuk), 1 CctoSna Leocti j (Kroa 
Wester) Stub on goal: NJ.- 44-9-17. 
Carolina 13-9-5—27. GoaHes: N J.-Brodtur. 
Cdroana. Kidd. 

Tampa Bay 0 0 0-0 

Detroit 0 1 2-2 

Rral Porto* None Stand Period: D- 
Kocurl (Gttchrist) Tbhd Period: D-Lorionov 
1 (Udstrora. Murphy] (pp). Z D- McCarty 1 
(Shanahan) (enj. Shots on goal: T- 10-9- 
10-29. 0- 10-12-14-36. Goodes: T-Schwob. 
□ Osgood. 

Qdcogo 0 a o— o 

(mas l a l-r 

First Period: D-Mevweadyk 2 (Haney, 
Zubov) Second Ported: D-Harvcy I (Hogue). 
1 D-i Modono 1 [BO. 4. D-Nlemmutyfc 3 
(Sydor. Modano) (pp). & O-Mackmo 4 
(Lehflne* Sydor) TMid Period: D-Madmo 5 
(Adorns! 7, D-. LonganbrumKr 1 (Bassen) 
Shots so goat: C- 2-4-8-14. D- 7-13-5— 2S 
PowCT-ploy Opportunities— C- 0 of ft D- 1 of 
S. Codes: C-TenwL D-BeNour. 


Ottawa ft 1 0 0-1 

Anatwhn 0 0 10-1 

First period: None. Second Ported: o- 
Bai* 3 (Anmbsaro HO) TVM Period: Ar 
Kn irisen 1 (Setannc. Daigneault) (pp). 
Overftoie: None. Shots on grab O- 7-12-4- 

I— 24. A-6-4-5-1— 14. GoaltassO-Tugnult. A- 
Kebert. 

uaouunr's results 
CarcCna 1 o O-l 

PHtotatgt 2 1 1—4 

First Period: P-Frands 2 Ltagc Shota) 
Ml. 2, P-Jogr 2 (Fronds. Baiassa) 1 
Candna Priraeoa 2 (Roberts. Kronl (pp). 
Second Period: P-Bames 1 (CFarora 
Kasparatfg] (pp). tldrd Period: P-Bames 2 
(Broonv Stagri (pp). Sturts on god: CaroRna 
4-7-8 — 21. P- 11-15-8—34. Codes: Carolina, 
Burke. P-Bamoso. 

N.Y. Istonden 0 1 0-1 

Washington 0 3 0-2 

First Period: None. Second Period: W- 
Bufis l (Cote. Zednft) l W-Sveikoveky 3 
(WH, Juneau) X New York, Barred 2 
(ReidieO (pp). A W-Gondwr 1 (Juneaa) 
(pp). TbM Period: Nona Stab on goat 
N.Y.- 1-9-0— 18. W- 6-7-7-20. Cadies: N.Y.- 
Sato. W-Kotzfg. 

PtiOadetptiia 1 4 1-4 

Montreal 0 2 0-2 

FH Ported: P-LeCkw Z Second Period 
M-ReaJd 5 (Caraan. KohrvJ (pp). ft M-Bure 2 
(Rudnsky, Brfsebao) 4, P-, Zuhras 2 
(LeOair, Oes|anfins) 5. P-LeCloir3 (Undro& 
Zebras} 6. P -LeOair 4 (Sanweissarv 
Undros] 7, P-LMras 4 (LeOair, Zuhras) 
Ttad Poriort P-Kordlc 1 (PmspoL Lacroix) 
Stab on god: P- 12-12-8-32. M- 7-88—23. 
GeaOos: P-HeddL W-Mooft Ttribaun. 
Baffdo 1 1 0-2 

New Jersey 0 1 3-3 

FW Period: B-Gmek 1 (Brown, 
Rasmussen) Second Poriort NJ.- 
Nledermayer I (Aodrerduifc, CAmour) (pp). 
X B-Oowe 5 (Zhitnft. Shannon) (pp). Ttdrd 
Period: NJ.-Hoflk 2 (Andirychuk) s. New 
Jersey, Andreychuk 1 (GAnoor, Hook} (pp). 
Stab an go at B- 11-5-10-26. NJ.- M3- 

II— 30. Gadtas: B-SWeWs. NJ^Brodeur. 

Toronto 10 0-1 

Edmonton 1 1 0—2 

Fieri Ported: E-Whttney 1 (McAmmond. 
Beretumsky) Z T-Wontner2 (Hendrickson) 
Second Period: E-Undgren L (sh). TUrd 
Ported: None. Stab ea god: T- 11-8-10—29. 
E- IT-9-10— 30. Codtas: T-Patwv E- 
JoscplL 

Florida t 1 1-3 

St Loots 2 1 2-5 

FW Ported: 5X.-Tuiart1e 1 (Yoke, 
Macfrmta) (pp). Z SX.-Madnnis 4 (Murphy. 
OeroRra) X F, Wens I (FBzgenrid, Lindsay) 
Socond Period: F-Murphy 1 (MeOanby. 
Jawnovskl) (pp). & S.U-HaB A (Canrobefl. 
Duchesne) (pp). ThH Period: Si_-Hu0 7, 7, 
F-Mdanby 1 (Tlklaoien. SveMa) (pa). & 
S.L-Demttra l (AtdieynunO (sh). Stab an 
goal: F- 7-5-8—20. Si_- 7-12-10-29. 
GoaSes: F-FttzpatridL SJL-Fohr. 

Phoenix 0 0 I 0-3 

Coterab 0 2 1 0-3 


Rnt Ported: None. Second Period: C- 
SaMc 3 (Krupp) Z C . Doadmnsh 3 
Oemteus. 5oWO (pp). ThM Period: 
Phoenix Drake 3 (Itochu k. Janmy) 4. 
Phoenix Janney 2 (Quint Drake) & C - 
Messlerl (SaMcCatan&PlMenhi Roenkk 
2 (lshMer, Boron) Ov w ttuix None. Stab oa 
god: Phoenix 5-12-12-2-31. C- 16-13-18- 

I— «. GoaHes: Phoenbt, Khabibu Bn. C-Roy. 

N.Y. Rnagen 1 ■ 4 V-4 

Vancoaror 0 2 o— 3 

Rnt Period: New York, Ditwr 1 (Gretzky. 
Sundstrom) Second Period: V -Messier 2 
(Bure Ledyanfl X New York, Graves 2 
(LoFontane. Keane) A. New Yoric Driver 2 
(Sandshnm. Gretzky) & New York; Gretzky l 
(Seodstrem, Sanweissan) 6, V-Stafas l 
(Buie. Uoden) 7, New York, Gretzky 2 
(Stevens. Samuebsan) TUrd Parted: New 
York. Gretzky 3 (Stevens) 9, V-GeOnts l 
(Wafiwx Ohlund) Stats aa ged: N.Y.- 11-10- 

I I— 32. V- 7-1 (M— 21 Goofies: N.Y.-R)chter. 
V-MCLeaa 

Boston 1 a 1—2 

Sen Jaw 1 j 1—5 

Fhsl Parted: SJ.-Zyuwi l (Granola 
NkhotlsJ z B-Baoipue 1 (DIMaia McLaren) 
(pp). Second Ported: SJ.-GUI 1 (Sturm, 
Frtesen). A San Jose. Sturm 2 (Nolan) & 5 J.- 
Kaitev3 (Marteau) TUrd Petted: B-Axeknon 
1 (Taylor; Elletf) (pp). j, SJ.-Cravwi 1 
(Moulder, Rottije) Stab an god: B- 5-7- 
4-18. SJ.- 6-14-5-25. Goatas: B-Dufoe. 
SJ^Vemon. 


FOOTBALL 


Major College Scores 

Air Faroe ia Navy 7 
Bucknefl2& Yale 24 
Colgate 44 Lafayette* 

Dartmouth 31, Fordharn 10 
Haroad 34. Cornell 9 
Holy Cross 4& Columbia IA 
Lehigh 24 Ptero 7 
Note Dome 45, Pttbboigh21 
Penn St. 31, Ofda St 27 
Princeton 30, Brawn 13 
Rhode Island 2X Boston U. 17 
V3kinava4a Massachusetts 27 
Alcorn St 24 Profile View 9 
Auburn 49, Louisiana Tech 13 
Florida St 51, Duke 27 
Georgia Tech 27, N. Carolina St 17 
Grorahlng SI. 2X Mbs. Vdtey St 13 

LSU » Florida 21 
MashaBSX Akron 17 
Mississippi 51 24, NE Louisiana 70 
North CoroSna 3a Woke Forest 12 
South CaoTma 3& Kentucky 24 
Tennessw 38, Georgia 13 
Virginia 21, aerraon 7 
VkBhrta Tech 17, Boston College 7 
Kansas St 41. Mbsourlll 
Michigan 21 NorthwestemA 
MkMgan St 3& IraSana A 
Purriue 59, Minnesota 43 
Vanderbilt T7.N. B3noil7 


Wbconsta31,llkiab7 
Nebraska 4ft Baylor 21 
Oktdwmo St 3X Cotorado 29 
Rice 27. Brigham Young 14 
Terns 27. Oklahoma 34 
Texas A&M 56, Iowa St 17 
Terns Tech 17, Kansas 7 
Arizona 2& Stanford 22 
Arizona SL 3£ Southern Cd 7 
Oregon St 24, Utah St- 16 
Southern Mrth. 2a Utah 19 
UCLA 39, Oregon 31 
UNLV21,TeJSBOs«lml9 
Washington 3a Codforato 3 

Top 25 College Results 

Haw lap 25 loans In The A wnri wo rt 
Prose' coftege footbaS poll brad Ian week: 

I. Florida CM) last to No. 14 UU 28-21. 
Neat at No. 8 Auburn, Saturday. 2. Peiui 
Stale beat No. 7 Ohio Slate 31 -27. Next 
vs. Minnesota. Saturday. X Nebraska (5-0) 
beat Baylor 49-21. N«± vs. Texas TeduSd- 
wday.4. Honda State (5-0) beat Duke 57 -27. 
Next vs. No. 25 Georgia Tech, Saturday. 5. 
North Carolna (63) bed Wdse Forest 30-11 
Next at North Carolina State Saturday. 

6. Michigan (5-0) beat Northwestern 23-A. 
Next vs. No. 17 Iowa Saturday. 7. OHo State 
CS-I) tod to No. 2 Perai State 31-27. Nad: vs. 
incBona Saturday. 8- Aeborn (6-0) beat 
Louisiana Tedi 49-13. Nest vs- No, 1 Fterida 
Saturday. '9. Tennessee (4-1) bod Na 13 
Georgia 38-71 Next at Alabama Saturday. 
11 Washington (4-1) beat CaHomta 30-1 
Next: at Arizona Saturday. 

II. Michigan State (5-0) beat Imfiana 386. 
Next at Northwestern, Saturday. 12. Wash- 
Icgten State (WJ) ffld not ploy, next »v Coi- 
Bbmto, Saturday. IX Georgia (4-1) tost No. 9 
Tennessee 38-11 Next: at VaxtcrbU. Sat- 
urday. 14. LSU (5-1] beat No. 1 Florida 28-21. 
Nat vs. MbstaJppl Saturday. IX Teas 
ARM (5-0) beat Iowa State5A-17. Next of No. 
22 Kansas State, Saturday. 

16. Stanford (43) test to Arizona 28-22. 
Next: vs. Arizona State Saturday. 17. Iowa M- 
1) did not play. Next at No. 6 Mkhigaa 
Saturday. 18. UCLA (4>2) beat Oregon 39-31. 
Not «5. Oregon State Saturday. 19. Atr 
Fan* 0-3) beat Navy 10-7. Next vs. Fresno 
State Saturday. 28. Ofctotana State (4-fl) 
beat No. 24 Colorado 3339. Next n. Mb- 
sauri, Oct 25. 

21 . Brigton Yoaag CM] testlo Rk» 27-1 4. 
Next vs. Hawaft Saturday. 22. Kansas Shite 
(4-1) bad Missouri 41-11. Next vs. No. 15 
Texas AML Saturday JX Vtrgtato Tech (S-U 
beat Boston Coftege 17-7. Next at West Vir- 
ginia Od. 25. Z4. Colorado (2-3) last to No. 20 
Oklahoma Slate 33-29. Noxt w. Kansas. Sat- 
urday. 25LGeoida Tech (4-1) beat North Cm^ 
oftna State 27-1 7. Next: at Nol 4 Florida State 
Saturday. 

CFLStandmos 


h. 29 m.4844A s 207 JOB kpWT29ri93 mph. 
Z Hr-H. Frerdzerv Gar« WBtoms d 1J78 x 

3. Edffie Inrilte BlBoftv Ferrari, 263*4 

4. Mbn Hdddnen, Fbt. Mdjareru 27.129 

5. Jacques \4Deneuvx Caru WHom 39J76 
A. Jean Alesi, Fiance, Benetton, 40403 

7. Johnny Herbert BritateSaubex 41430 
S.Gkmcarto'HsIchalx Italy, Jordan, SAB2S 
9. G. Beroer, Austrkv Benetton 1JXL429 
l(k Halt Schuraachex Ger- Jordarv T32JJ36 
nwvm y s n uxiiiKai l.VHeneavw79 
points Z Schumacher, 7b X Hefnz-Hmdd 
Frwdzoa 41,- 4. Alete 3S 5. David CouBhard, 
Britain. AScLarerv 3ft 6. Gerhard Berger: 2* 7. 
lrvtte2ZZ FMdieBx2ft9. Haiddmrvl7;ia. 
QMer Panh. Fr, ProstMugen-Honda 74. 

coNsntucTona’ enuniase l. 
Wfflknro-RunoaX 120 painlsZFenarf, 10ft 
1 Benetton-Renoutt fib 4. McLaren-Mer- 
cedea, 4» 5. Jmdan-Peugeat 33r 6. Pro st- 
Mugen Honda 21,-7. SauheMteironax 7SZ 
Airaws-Yamaha 9 : 9. Stewart-Ford, it 1ft 
TyrreU-FontZ 


CRICKET 


ZIMBABWE VJL BANOLADeSH 
BATUROiOr. H RAETOBJ. KENYA 
Zbntiabwe: 305-4 In 50 oven 
Bangladesh TSl ttt oat In 48.7 oven 
Ztmbabwe wan by 48 ronx 

KENYA VS. ZIMBABWE 
SUHMXMNABIOBI 
Kenya: 249-8 in 50 overs 
Zbnbdiwe: 242-4 In 47 avers (revised tagat 
otter rain) 

Zimbabwe won by A wickets. 


RUGBY UNION 


NIOIUII WOMENDI CUP 

OROUPA 

Toulouse 3& Ldnster 1ft 
MHon2», Leteasta-37 
final snuawns: x-Toukmse 10 
potntb r-Lekzstor ft Ulnster4 Milan Z 
OROUPB 

Wasps 29, Swansea 28 
Glasgow 3ft Ulster 15 
FWAL stm u ob x-Wasps 12 pdnb; 
y-Gla&gow & Swansea 4s UbterZ 

GROUP C 

Both 23, Pontypridd 10 
Sartthh Borders 29, Brin 39 
FINAL eTANDMOS: X-Battl 10 paMB f- 
Briwr ft y-Pantypridd&'ScsIttsh Barden Ol 

QROUPD 

CardW 2A, Baergain A 
Munster 23. Harlequins IA 
FINAL STANDwease X-Hmtequins 8 
points y- Cardiff ft Munster* Bourpair 4. 
CROUP E 

Llanelli 37, Ctriedonia 10 
Pau 5& Trevbo 7 

FM4AL STANDuease x-Pau 8 potato y- 
Uandl ft Trevtao A- Cdedania 4. 
x-qudMes tor quarteritods 
y-enterz playoff far quorterfinol place 
PLAYOFFS DRAW 

Bitw vs. Pontypridd 
Leicester vs. Gasgow 
Cardiff vs. Listen 

Matches to be ptayed an November 1 or 2. 
Draw far the quarterfinals to be made In 
Dubfinon Tuesday. 


points p-frekmd 1ft LUhaanla 17 1 Macedo- 
nia lft loeftmd ft Ueddensteta 0. 

GROUP 9 

Armenia ft Ukraine 2 
Germany 4. Afaarria 3 
Partugall, Northern Ireland 0 
final standi NWS: ^Germany 22 
patas ftUkndne 2Cb Portugal lft Armenia ft 
N. trdond 7; Albania 4. 

O-doafiflcd for World Cop 
p-adwnced to ptoyofls 

AHAZORt 

SECOND ROUND 
OROUPA 

Saadi Arabia 1, Qatar 0 
stakoumsi Iron 8 potato- Saudi Arofaia 
7; China 7j Kuwait 4,- Qatar 1 . 

GROUPS 
Kazakstan 1, South Korea 1 
Uzbekistan 1, Japan l 
STAMDMaSi Soulh Kona 13 potato- Utd 
Aril Emrts 7} Japan Ai Kazakstan 3; Uzbek- 
Wan 2. 

R1IHDI.T rNTIKNATIONAL f 

France Z Sarto Africa l J J 


TENNIS 


Latl 


IN SINGAPORE 


NkokB Kiefer, (8) Gerroany, del. Mikael 
THWrom. Swederv A-7 (7-1). 6-3, 6-3. 

Miaows Gustabsan, (7) Swe, def. Thomas 
Johansson, (5) Swe.7-6 (7-3), 4-6, 7-A (10-8). 
FINAL 

Gostobson dei Kiefer 4-4 6-3. 6-1 



ADVERTISEMENT 


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TU THERMAL. m 
VICTORY. 


x-Edmanton 9 A 0 18 388 372 

x-Calgary 8 7 0 IA 428 373 

X-Brit.Cohffldria 8 8 0 16 413 4512 

Saskatchewan 7 9 Q 14 382 405 

Adtachedptoraff berth 

Fridays Routt 
SaskatdiniQn2ft BC79 

Satwdors ResaD 
Toronto 28, Montreal 21 


BASKETBALL 


NBA PHE3HEASON 

nmdnintBii 

ABanto HZ Barton 89 
Ctevskmd 105, Indiana 98 
Nttamsalo 81. Detroit 79 
Houston 9ft Orlando J2 
Seattle 10ft Oriaigo 79 
Phoenh93L LA. Lakers 91 
Portland 107, SaamiNntoM 
Charidte 109, Gokfen State 98 


1 HOCH' 


MOXTY THE HERO OF THE HOUR AS SEVERE1GNS UU SPAIN. ' 

Hnflfft ftith ttniurd Siamtm. lienprd & tiimbiutd br limr t'Smth C inkmatiosml HrruU Tribune 


IP " 97 1 

JOHNNIE flF^WMJOEH 


LA. CEppets 9ft Vancouver 94 . 
Indiana 104. Toronto 100 
Detroit 99. Oriaada 77 
Srei Antonia 99, Wa sh ingt o n 87 
Odcogo 101, Seattle 92 
Attenta 10ft Boston 9T 
Houston KM, DcdkB 103 
Utah lOi Charlotte 86 


AUTO RACING 


JkMIgtfCRAHPPmX . 

8tfHUKr.nSAXaiKA.4AFM 

3iaJ8SXLONETERSCltL7nn£E) 

1. Michael Schumacher, Genremy, Formii 1 


CYCLING 


WwtLD Road Ch a— *iowshbp 

BAR SEBASTIAN. SWUM 

ma'sieaua 

2SU4CH(1Se-MB£S) COURSE 

1 . Laurent BrochortlFb 6 FLlAm. 48 s. 

Z Bo Hambargen Denmark, sJ. 

1 Loon Vm Bon Netherlands, sJ. 

4-Udo Bolts, Germany, sJ. 

5. Mekior Mauri Spain sJ. 

A. Laurent Datoax, Sviflzeriand, sA. 

7. Lowf Aus, Estonia, af9 s. 

B. Johan Museeuw, Bdghim, at 16 s. 

9. Gten Magnusson Sweden, si. 

10. MR*eleB«toB.IM*BJ. 

oNOteMBwuowun 

1XU0H (100 HXJS) COURSE * 

1. Kurt Aste-Anresen, Nor* 3 h.46 m. 28 %. 

Z Osair Frafae, Spain si 

3. Gentt Gfamseb Austria. sJ. 

4 . Rwre Hasefbachte Austria it. 

5 Andre} Hauptam Stovdda si. 

A-Oaido DI Luca Ikdy, si. 

7. Francboo /Mamba Spate si. 
aserguel BoradoaSa Bdvua U. 

9. Solratore Comroesia Kate at 

lft Raids Betohvoscbaa, Latvia si. . 

wonupsioHua 

10OKN (87 MNEq COURSE 

1. Alessandro Cappottota It, 2 ft 44 in.37 s. 
Z erisabeto Tadcft Audrafia si 
Z Catherine Mmsak Frarca si. 

4. Jolanta Poflkeviciote LMhuama sJ. 

5. Qndy Pirbro. BeiBkiiaZ44J39. 
A.KOEnB8ss-LMngstoa U^.2N4J0. 

7. Hanfca Kupfernagte Germany, at 

6 Debby MaiwreM, NettwrtandG at 

9. Rftke Scndtiol Otserv Denmark, si. 

10. Sbnona Parente Itote si- 


TokaiCla— 1C 

LeNtngBnelfleorex Sunday in TIOmBBon 
yen (S909JX70) Tokoi Ctesste an 7,050-yard, 
PmT 2 UyosH Cnumry Ctafs wed course 
to MsHkamn, Japan: 

x-Bmndt Jobe, U5. 68-72-69-69-778 

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Stow Jones, UA 7B-WM7-71-286 

HajhrwMeshMJap. 71-75-70-71—287 

X-woti on tot find layoff hate. 


RUGBY LEAGUE 


OROUPA 

AgenSl, EbbwVdel 2 
La RnctaBs 3 & Bristol 7 
OROUPB 

Sde 2 ft Mont f emaid 15 
MontpeBer 14 , Newport 28 
GROUP C 

Corertanzal 7 ,Dcn 23 
5 tade Franaris 2 & London Irish 29 
QROUPD 

Northampton 15, Connacht 20 
Begies-Bonteaox 27 , Niot B 

GROUP E 

Bridgend 25 . Groretoto 21 
Rtebraaod2ftCotomlBs49 
GROUP F 

Bezfem 2 ft Taaloa 12 
Padova 14 Gloucester 29 
GROUP a 

Btanttz 3 Z N e wc as tle 28 
Edtaborgh lft Perpignan IS 

GROUP H 

Cashes 6 & Neath 8 
Sarocats 4 ft Nortwnne 19 


World Cup * 


WVIEtBIA, AUSTRIA 


Greg Rusedski (4), Brttobv def. Tim Hon- 
raaa Britain. 6-4, 6-4. 

Goran Ivanisevic CD, Croatia def. Richard 
Krafla*, Netttflrtands. 5-7, 6~L 7-6 (OA). 


Ivanbevic def. Rusedski 04 A-7 (4-7), 7-6 
(7-4). 6-2, 6-3. tL ■ 

POUOffiCOT 

« FTLOemTAOT, QfiiUlAHV 
S 9 NRNALS 

Ura Raymoml, U&, deL trim SpWea (B), 
Romania A-3 4-1. 

Marttaa Hinds (1). Switzerland, dak 
Amanda Coetzer (5), South Africa 42 6 - 1 . 

PINAL 

Hlngb def. Raymond 6-4, 6-Z 


TRANSITIONS 


Brbhane Broncos U Aoddand WantorelA 
CronuSa Sharks 18 HonterMartneo 22 

ORAMOFMAL 

■ OCT. 17 XT AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND 

Brisbane vs. Hunter 


GROUP 1 

Slovenia l, Croatia 3 
Greece ft DenmatkO 

HHAL 8TAMMMSS: q-Deiunark 17 
Ctadjf P*ooHa tft Greece 14i Bosnia ft 
Slovenia 1. 

GROUPS 

Georgia % Pokmd 0 
Hnty ft England 0 

™*al mww» q-Engiand 19 
ftota P-itafy lft Poland lft Georgia lft 
nuiMDva IL 

GROUPS 

Finland 1, Hungary 1 
SwOtoiImkI & Azerbaftm 0 
nHALKTAMStotoo*, qJtoivwyWpoIntw 
P4iwigary lft Finland 11 ; Swrboriand lft 
AzierttefoaZ 

Qnaupj 

Austria 4. Bslaroso 
ScolkvtdZ Latvia 0 
Sweden l.EstontoO 

‘HW«Mfl2Spotots 

thSorttarnfZft Sweden 21j Latvia lft Estonki 

4? Beianift4. 

GROUPS 

Cyprus Z Luxembourg 0 
Russia ZBdlgartal 

™*L rtTAtomwesz . q-Bukjuria IS 

paWsp-Ru»stflT7;lsiBai1ftCyOTslfcLuK. 

emboutgO. - 

GROUP'S 

. Czech Repubfie 1 Slovakia 0 
Malta ft Yugoslavia 5 
Spate ft- Faeroe Islands) 

FINAL otAimwqa: q^paln 36 pobrist 
P^ogwtavta2ftCrochftep. 74 Slovakia lft 
Faaroe ntanrb ft Malta 0. 

OEROUP7 

Betgturaft Watox2 
Noflwrtands ft Turkey 0 
nuLSTMmnn q-Netherlands 19 
potata pJte^lftTlRtey lft vitatesTi San 
Mortnoft 

group e 
lesfand 4 UedHenstoin 0 
Ireland 1, Raraanto 1 
Macedonia LUitloonhi 2 

ChRomonfa 28 


AMERICAN LEAGUE - 

Anaheim — A nnounced INF Craig Grebeck 
and LHP Greg Carteret have etearod vrobere 
and beans free agents. Activated RHP 
Mark Gutoian and INF Randy VStanto from 
60-day disabled Hst. 

Minnesota— A cquired RHP Joe Mays and 
RHP Jeromy PcM from Seartto to comptate 
trade fdr OF Roberto KeBy. 

. N cw roe K—Dedned to exercise their 1998 
apflon an OF Tkn Rohes. 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 

NEWTORK-Rsteosad LHP TakashI Kashi- 
wada. 

phuadklphia— A rmouncsd OF Darery 
TartabuH. RHP Scott Ruffcom and LHP Bitty 
Brower refused minor league assignments 
and become free agents. 

ft. L ouis— Announced they wffl not renen 
ttfitroeh of Gene Giescbnaim, trainee and 
AMw Gtobans, strength and comMtonlno 
coodi. Signed INF-OF Mfte Harriga. . 

SMt OlEflO -Homed Jim Dantet assistant 
trainer. 

BASKITBAU. 

NATIONAL BASKETS AU ASGOCMTHN 
OUCAGO-Agfead to terms irtto F Oenrts 
Noarnan an i-yaar contract 
DETROIT— Wrrived G Randolph ChBdresc. 

_ ^■ttJWBS-Watved F Ooitm Hqrwaoft 
F-GMatadra Look and F-G Mark Young. 
ESOTA-Sgned G Reggie Jordan. 
NEW J OBEY— Waived G KontCuluko and F 

JhwnyCamrih. 

c S 5" TO ' Walwd F stoeev KIn9 wd 

jEAms-s^ g Greg Anthony to I- 
■mir contract 

motwujl 

FOOT « a ^ ueaoue 

‘ , S cott Ptocwl S Kevin Rats an inivfed 
Retaaed LB Bobby Houston. 

Bern Bnstek on Wo red 
<w»ve. Activated PR DavW Thompson (mm 
practice squad, 

^TltoPA MY— Signed P Sam Lonriefa. pm 
P Bwnt »dt^ on Inured reserve. 

ffAWttncrgn-signed DT Dan Sosa. 




national hockev league 

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ft*" Clam, — 

ifter S[J>P atriots 

*•« i, Rebound 

And Beat 

W Bills, 33-6 


INTEKNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 


PAGE 19 


SPORTS 




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The Associated Press 

BufMo Bills, 33-6, Sunday, six days 
ate* losing their first game of Ac season 
to Denver. 

A year ago after being roughed up by 
the Broncos, the Patriots won four of 
their last five regular-season games and 
reached the Super Bowl. 

Place-kicker Adam Vinatieri also has 
. rallied since missing a 40-yard field 

NriftouMPUi. 

goal attempt in last year’s defeat to 
Denver. He has made all 20 since then, 

the longest current streak in the National 

Football League, and went 4-for-4 Sun- 
day, including a career-best 52-yarder. 

And Drew Bledsoe, who struggled in 
; both those games with Denver, threw 
touchdown passes Sunday of 20 yards to 
Ben Coates and 4 yards to Keith 
‘ Byars. 

The Bills (3-3) couldn’t stop the run 
: either. They allowed Curtis Martin to 
run for 99 yards and a 26-yard much- 
down. Buffalo managed to avoid its 

• second shutout since Marv Levy be- 
came coach in 1986 when Darick 
Holmes scored on a 1-yard run with 
13:59 left in the game. 

The Patriots (5-1) won their first four 
games this season, ootscoring mostly 
weak opponents, 1 30-40. Then they ran 
into the unbeaten Broncos, losing 34- 
13. On Sunday, with first place in the 
American Football Conference Easr at 
stake, they ran over the Bills. 

Buffalo’s chances dropped drastic- 
ally after quarterback Todd Collins left 
the game with a'bruised left shoulder on 
its second possession when he was 
f r sacked by Tedy Bmschi. 

\ Billy Joe Hobert took over, and the 
‘ Patriots took advantage. On Hobert’s 
first play, he threw an interception to 

• Wilke Clay, who had two against Den- 
ver last week. He returned it to the 
Buffalo 20-yard line, but the Patriots 
couldn't get’ past the 6, and Vinatieri 
kicked a 20-yard field goal for a 10-0 
lead. 

Hobert threw another interception on 
the second play of the second quarter 
that led to Vinatieri ’s 23-varder. Buf- 
falo punted on its next series and Vin- 
atien hit a 41-yarder for a 16-0 halftime 
lead. 

The Bills kept the Patriots from scor- 
ing a touchdown again on the firs! pos- 
session of the second half, but Vinatieri 
came through again, from 52 yards as he' • 
extended his team record to 20 straight 
field goals. 

Uwi»2T,»Hccwnf»Bany Sanders 
ran for 215 and scored three touch- 
downs as Detroit ended Tampa Bay's 
eight-game home winning streak. 

Sanders, a three-time NFL rushing 
champion, scored on runs erf 80 and 82 
yards and caught a 7-yard TD pass from 
Scott MitchellT 

Scores in other early games: Atlanta 
23, New Orleans 17; Tennessee 30, Cin- 
cinnati 7; Green Bay 24, Chicago 23; 
Jacksonville 38, Philadelphia 21; 

' Miami 31. New York Jets 20. 








A Bad Memory Helps 
Neagle Snag Marlins 


_ _ m syiiif too n«w iv » 

Fallback Tony Banks slipping away from Florida safety Teako Brown and diving for LSU’s second touchdown. 

LSUOp ens the Door for Penn State 

No. 1 Florida Falls as Nittany Lions Beat Ohio State, 31-27 


• The Associated Press 
Top-ranked Florida lost to No. 14 
Louisiana State University to clear the 
way for No. 2 Penn State to regain the 
No. 1 spot in college footbalL 
Earlier Saturday, the Nittany lions 
beat No. 7 Ohio State, 31-27. 

Penn State started the season No. 1 but 
fell to No. 2 on Sept. 21 after Florida beat 
then-No. 4 Tennessee. But (he Gators’ 

Co HE oi Footbali Boonpcp 

stunning 28-21 loss Saturday to LSU 
should vault the Lions back to No. 1. 
Cedric Donaldson returned an inter- 

S ition 3 1 yards for a touchdown for 
U and Herb Tyler, the LSU quar- 
terback, scored on an 1 1-yard run during 
a 93-second span in the fourth quarter in 
Baton Rouge, Louisiana. 

The Tigers (5-1, 3-1 Southeastern 
Conference) beat Florida (5-1, 3-1), the 
defending national champion, for the first 
time since 1987 and avenged last year's 
embarrassing 56-13 loss to the Gains. 

“The team’s probably not quite near 
as good as everybody thought a No. 1 
team should be,” said Steve Spurrier, 
flie Ftortte coach. 

The Tigers snapped the Gators’ two 
long SEC winning streaks: 25 games 
overall and 19 straight on the road. 

In Stare College, Pennsylvania, Curtis 
Enis, Penn State running back Curtis 
Enis rushed for 21 1 yards and a fourth- 
quarter touchdown as the Nittany Lions 
(5-0, 2-0 Big Ten) avenged last year’s 
38-7 loss at Ohio State (5-1, 1-1). 

No. 3 Nebraska 49, Baylor 21 In Waco, 
Texas, Ahman Green scored four touch- 
downs and rushed for 158 yards as Neb- 
raska (5-0, 2-0 Big 12) beat Baylor (1-4, 
0-2) in a rain-drenched game. 

No. 4 Florida State 51, Dteca 27 In 


Durham, North Carolina, Thad Busby 
ran for two touchdowns and threw for a 
score, and Honda State (5-0, 3-0 At- 
lantic Coast Conference) took advan- 
tage of turnovers by Duke (2-4. 0-3). 

No. 5 North Carolina 30, Wake Forest 

12 In Chapel Hill, North Carolina , the 
Tar Heels (6-0, 3-0 ACC) converted a 
Wake Forest fumble and a blocked punt 
into two quick third-quarter scores. 

No. O Michigan 23, Northwortora B In 

Ann Arbor, Michigan, Brian Griese 
threw two TD passes to Jerame Toman 
and Michigan (5-0, 2-0 Big Ten) held an 
opponent without a touchdown for the 
fourth time in five games. 

No. 9 Tmosooa 38, No. 13 Georgia 13 
Tennessee freshman J amal Lewis 
gained 232 yards and Peyton Manning 
threw for 343 yards and four touch- 
downs to lead Tennessee (4-1, 2-1 SEC) 
over visiting Georgia (4-1. 2-1). 

No. 10 Washington 30, California 3 In 

Berkeley, California, Rashaan Sbehee 
ran for 123 yards and two scores and 
Washington (4-1, 2-0 Pac- 10) held Cali- 
fornia (2-3, 0-2) without a touchdown. 

Arizona 28, No. IS Stafford 22 In Tuc- 
son, Arizona, Onege Jenkins, a red- 
sbiited freshman making his second ca- 
reer start for Arizona, threw four 
touchdown passes as Arizona (3-3, 1-2 
in Pac-10) teat Stanford (4-2, 2-1). 

No. 1SUCLA39, Oregon 31 In Eugene, 
Oregon, JimMcElroy came back from a 
first-quarter concussion to catch a 40- 
yaxdpass for the go-ahead touchdown in 
the third quarter. Cade McNowo rushed 
for two touchdowns and passed for one 
as UCLA (4-2, 2-1 Pac-10) won. 

No. 19 Air Forco 10, Navy 7 In An- 
napolis, Maryland, Tim Curry re- 
covered a blocked punt for a touchdown 
and stopped a late Navy (2-3) threat 
with a fumble recover/ as Air Force 


improved to 7-0. 

No. 20 Oklahoma State 33, No. 24 Col- 
orado 29 In Stillwater, Oklahoma, Tony 
Lindsay threw a 19-yard TD pass to 
Alonzo Mayes with 1:56 left to lift 
Oklahoma Stale, which improved to 6- 
0. Colorado (2-3, 0-2 Big 12) had beaten 
the Cowboys eight straight times. 

Rico 27, No. 21 BYtf 14 In Houston, 
Benji Wood ran for 167 yards and two 
touchdowns as Rice (4-2, 2-1 WAC) 
snapped Brigham Young's 11-game 
w inning streak. 

■ Harvard Beats Cornell, 34-9 

Harvard scored on all three of its 
possessions in the third quarter to win, 
34-9, on Saturday at Cornell. 

At Yale. Sean Thompson's blocked 

S unt set op the go-ahead score, and the 
uckneli defense stopped a two-point 
conversion late in the fourth quarter as 
the Bison held on for a 25-24 victory. 

Columbia fumbled cm its first two 
snaps and went on to lose, 45-16, to 
Holy Cross in New York. 


By Busier Olney 

New York Tones Service 

MIAMI — For months, Denny 
Neagle tried forgetting Game 4 of last 
year’s World Series, tried ignoring the 
memory of blowing a 6-0 lead to the 
Yankees in the pivotal innin g of the 
entire postseason. Lately, however, 
Neagle, the Braves’ left-hander, had 
been thinking about that game again, for 
motivational purposes. 

On Saturday night, Neagle pitched a 
four-hitter for a 4-0 victory over the 
Florida Marlins in Game 4 of the. Na- 
tional League Championship Series, a 
victory that squared the 4-of-7-game 
series at two games apiece and ensured 
that the series will end in Atlanta. 

Greg Maddux pitches here for At- 
lanta on Sunday in Game 5, against 
Florida’s Kevin Brown. 

This was Neagle’s first postseason 
start since Game 4 of last year's World 
Series. 

“Obviously, you can look at my 
game and say it was the turning point of 
the series,” Neagle said. “I had a lot of 
time to think about tha t game this 
winter, and if I had just gone one more 
inning, I could have set up our bullpen a 
lot better. Who knows? We win that 
game, we’re up, 3-1, and it would be a 
whole different story.” 

The Braves, Neagle said recently, 
talked about that game in team meet- 
ings, trying to erase its memory. But 
these days, he said, “would be a good 
time to think about that, to use that as 
motivational force.” 

Neagle, an expert impressionist, eas- 
ily passes for someone completely 
harmless as a person and pitcher. He can 
imitate a train whistle perfectly, laughs 
and jokes a lot and does not throw very 
hard. Facing a hard thrower like the 
Expos’ Pedro Martinez can be fright- 
ening; going hitless against Neagle and 
his soft change-ups is merely annoying. 

But Neagle has developed into an 
excellent pitcher, able to change speeds 
as well as any pitcher in the game. He 
was the league’s only 20-game winner, 
and if it were not for a late-season injury 
to his DOuthrowing shoulder, Neagle 
might have won a couple of more games 
and the NL Cy Young Award. 

There was some question about 
Neagle as he started Saturday night, 
because he had made only one start 
since Sept. 21, and in that game — on 
SepL 28, against the New York Mets at 
Shea Stadium — Neagle allowed five 
hits and five runs in five innings. As 
Atlanta’s No. 4 starter, he was not 
needed in the three-game sweep of 


Houston in the division series, and he 
acknowledged that he felt concern about 
whether his command would suffer. 

No need for worry. Neagle stifled the 
Marlins expertly , Ms change-up nipping 
the strike zone low and -outside enough 
that die Marlins could not take many 
pitches; rather, the Marlins had to be 
aggressive early in die count, a tactic 
that plays into die bands of a pitcher like 
Neagle. 

He threw first-pitch strikes to nme of 
10 hitters in one stretch and did not fell 
into his first three-ball count until the fifth 

inning . Kurt Abbott had die Marlins' only 
hit in the first five innings, a bunt single 
pushed to the right side of the infield. 

Trailing, 4-0, in the bottom of the 
sixth, the Marlins had runners at first 
and second and two out, the first tune 
they bad advanced a runner into scoring 
position. Gary Sheffield smashed a hard 
shot past Neagle, toward center field — 
hit right to second baseman Tony Graf- 
fanino, who was positioned near second 
base against Sheffield, normally a dead- 
pull hitter. Neagle needed only four 
pitches to get through the seventh in- 
ning. 

■ Florida Rally Wins Game 3 

The Marlins used a four-run sixth 
inning — punctuated by Charles John- 
son’s bases -clearing double — to rally 
for a 5-2 victory over the Atlanta Braves 
in Game 3 of the National League cham- 
pionship series Friday night, the Los 
Angeles Times reported. 

The Marlins took a 2-1 lead in the 
best-of-seven series on Johnson's two- 
out double to left-center against right- 
hander John Smoltz. The hit broke a 2-2 
tie. 

Gary Sheffield hit a solo home run 
against Smoltz to tie the score, 1- 1 , with 
two out in the fourth inning. The Braves 
took a 1-0 lead in the top of the inning 
when Kenny Lofton scored on Fred 
McGrifTs sacrifice fly. 

Honda began the sixth trailing, 2-1, 
after Jeff Blauser scored on Javy 
Lopez’s sacrifice fly in the top of the 
innin g. 

With one out in the sixth, Edgar 
Renteria doubled to left-center and 
Sheffield walked. Renteria scored and 
Sheffield went to third when Dairen 
Daulton doubled to right Right fielder 
Andrew Jones misjudged the ball and it 
sailed over his head and to the wall. 

After Bobby Bonilla flied to left for 
the second out, the Braves walked 
Devon White to load the bases. 

With the count at 2-and-2, Johnson 
doubled, scoring Sheffield, Daulton and 
White to give Florida a 5-2 lead. 


+ y.-. 




§***f*-," 


Gretzky Performs His 50th Hat Trick 


3* ****#• 7 












'*** 




The Associated Press 

Wayne Gretzky’s 50th 
three-goal game, a five-point 
night and the New York 
Rangers' first victory of the 
season — against the Ca- 
nucks in Vancouver — ■ wer- 
en’t enough to make Gretzky 
feel better over the departure 
5 of his friend Mark Messier, 
who left the Rangers for the 
Canucks during the summer. 
y “To be quite honest with 
yon, it’s kind of sad.” Gret- 

HH1»oiiwdo> 

' zky said Saturday night after 
fee Rangers 1 6-3 victory over 
feeCsnocks. 

“1 don’t really know what 
to say. Nobody’s moping 
■ around. We hope he does 
great, brn on the other side of 
4 we wish he was still with us. 
That’s not a lie, that’s the 

mnh." . , 

Gretzky, fee National 
Hockey League's all-time 
leading scorer, recorded the 




FMfeWM* 




66fe fivc-pofer game of bis 
career with three goals and 
f two assists. „ . 

. After scoring twice in the 
second period to gte J* 

Ran g ers a comfortable 5-2 
margin, Gretzky capped the 
night with a masterful goal 
eight minutes into the third. 

Carrying the puck into fee 
Vancouver end, Gretzky cut 
across fee ice and went to the 
net. Circling the goal and 
pulling goallender Kirk 
McLean out of position. Gret- 
zky came out the other aid 
and flipped the puck over dc- 
iensemao Dana Murzyn. 

. The crowd celebrated 

Gretzky's feat wife a standing 

ovation. 

“ft’s always fun to play in 
Canada. I've always enjoyed 
- Paying here. I almost ended 
up here. It’s kind of a special 
ovation.” said Gretzky, who 
was on fee verge of joming 
(he Canucks before getting a 


call from the Rangers in fee 
summer of 1996. 

The Rangers' victory, 
coming after fee team set an 
NHL record by tying its first 
four games of the season, 
came in their first meeting 
against Messier, their former 
captain and spiritual leader 
who ended a six-year career 
in New York to sign as an 
unrestricted free agent wife 
the Canucks last July. 

Messier continued to play 
down fee significance of fe- 
eing his former team. _ 

“I was looking at this game 
to see how we would measure 
up against a team that is one 
of the favorites to win the 
Stanley Cup. That was the 
only way I was approaching 
fee game,” said Messier, who 
led fee Rangers to their last 
Cup victory in 1994. 

Messier tied fee game 1-1, 
scoring a minute into fee 
second period when he con- 
verted Pavel Bure's pass to 
complete a 2-on-l break. 

But fee Canucks* play was 

not impressive. 

Vancouver’s coach, Tom 
Renney, said he was embar- 
rassed by fee performance. 

Blues 5, P 4«thw « 3 In SL 
Louis. Brea Hull scored his 
league-leading sixth and sev- 
enth goals as St. Louis beat 
Florida. 

Hull's hard shot from fee 
slot gave the Blues a 3-2 lead 
at 1 2:58 of fee second penoa 

.. .. il:. omilsF 


Marco Sturm and Viktor 
Kozlov sparked host San Jose 
as fee Sharks beat Boston for 
fee first time in their history. 

Flyers 6, Canadians 2 In 

Montreal John LeClair 
scored three goals and set up 
two others to _ lead Phil- 
adelphia to victory over 
Montreal. It was the first loss 
for the Canadiens’ new head 
coach, Alain VigneaulL 

LeClair assisted on goals 
by Eric Lindros and Dainius 
Zuhras as Philadelphia’s Le- 
gion of Doom line accounted 
for 1 1 points in an impressive 
display of forecheckmg. 

Oiler* 2, Man ia Leafs 1 

Mats Lindgren scored wife a 
perfectly executed steal to 
cnap a tie and boost Edmon- 
ton over visiting Toronto. 

'With 16 seconds left in a 
penalty to Ryan Smyth, Lind- 
gren snipped fee defens eman 
Jamie Macoun of the puck in 
front of the Edmonton bench, 
then raced into tire Leafs’ 
zone and beat goaltender Fe- 
lix Potvin wife a wrist shot. 

It was Undgrec’s first goal 
and Edmonton’s first short- 
handed goal of fee season. 


itevas 3, Satee* 2 Dave An- 
dreychuk assisted on two 
goals and scored the game- 
winner on a power play at 
7:36 of fee third period to lead 
New Jersey in a home victory 
over Buffalo. 

Bobby Hotik and Scott 
Niedermayer also scored for 
New Jersey. 

Michal Grosek and Jason 
Dawe scored for Buffalo, 
who got an excellent perfor- 
mance from Steve Shields in 
his first start of fee year wife 
27 saves. 

Penguins 4, Humcanu 1 1n 

Pittsburgh, Jaromir Jagr set 
up one goal and scored an- 
other in the first five minutes 
as fee Penguins beat Carolina 
and ended a three-game los- 
ing streak. 

Capitals 3, Islanders 1 In 

Landover, Maryland. Jan 
Bnlis and Yogi Svejkovsky 
scored 1:26 apart early in the 
second period and Washing- 
ton defeated New York to im- 
prove to 3-0-0 at home. 

Defenseman Sereei Gon- 
char, playing in his first game 
of the season, also scored for 
the Capitals. 



pileup in front ot tne net. 

Avataoch* 3, Coyote* 3 

Jeremy Roenick beat Patn« 
Roy with a backhander wife 
4-40 left in the game to cap a 
three-goal Phoenix feird- 
period spurt and lift the vis- 
iting Coyotes into a tie with 
CotoraS. DrfteDjte and 
Deron Quint added third- 

i-s-afaste-. 

period goals by Todd GUL 


federation 

FRANgAISE 
DE RUGBY 


The F rench Rugby Union has made avail- 
able to professional agencies (travel agencies, 
communication agencies and public relation 
amides} a number of seats for the games 
organised at the Stade de France in 1998. 

The agencies interested are invited to contact 
the French Rugby Union, C ommun i ca tion and 
Marketing Department, 9 rue de Liege, 75009 
Paris (by mail only) before October 24. 

An appKcotumjorm rmll be sera immediately. 






PAGE 20 


Sports 



V 


MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1997 



Singh Slops Els 

eoi* Vijay Singh of Fiji de- 
posed Ernie Els. as the World 
Match Play champioo S unday 
when he took advantage of the 
Sooth African's erratic play to win 
their final by one hole at 
Wentworth, England 

Els had won the title the pre- 
vious three years. He beat Singh 3 
and 2 in last year's final, 

. Singh led by three holes after 
the morning round- drew even 
at the 10th hole in the afternoon. 
But at the 15th he found a green- 
side bunker to slip one down 
again, and Singh halved the three 
remaining holes. 

• Duffy Waldorf putted bril- 
liantly in tough conditions to ex- 
tend his lead to three strokes after 
the third round of the Micbelob 
Championship in Williamsburg, 


Virginia, on Saturday. Waldorf 
shot a 2-uuder-par 69 for a 12- 
under total of 201 and a 3-shot 
lead over Fred Funk, Kirk Triplett, 
David Duval and Grant 
Waite. (Reuters). 

Hingis Crashes Raymond 

TENNIS Martina Hingis , the 
world No.l, easily beat unseeded 
Lisa Raymond of the United 
Stales, 6-4, 6-2, Sunday to win the 
$450,000 Porsche Cup in Filder- 
stadt, Germany, for the second 
year in a row. 

Raymond interrupted the first 
set at 5-4 to have a thigh injury 
treated. Hingis used me short 
break to play against a ball-boy. 

• Magnus Gustafsson beat Nic- 
olas Kiefer, 4-6, 6-3, 6-3. to win 
the Singapore Open after being 
roused by a series of disputed line 
calls against him. Gustafsson, a 
30-year-old Swede, was incensed 
by a series of calls early in the 
second set at a time when Kiefer, 
20, was clearly in control. 

• Goran Ivanisevic came from 
two sets down Sunday to beat 
Greg Rusedski of Britain in a five- 
set battle in the final of the CA 
Trophy in Vienna. In a battle of big 
savers, the Croat triumphed, 3-6, 
6-7 (4-7), 7-6 (7-5), 6-2, 6-3, over 
the work! No. 4 and moves from 
ninth to fifth in the rankings. 

Broncos Face Mariners 

RUGBY league Ihe Brisbane 
Broncos will meet die Hunter 
Mariners in the first Super League 
world club final. The Broncos 
fought back to beat the Auckland 
Warriors, 22-16. The Mariners 
scored a try four minutes from the 
end of regulation time to upset 
fellow Australians, Cronulla, 22- 
18. ( Reuters ) 


y& ! ' x 



up *, m* ■ ■ 



EYES ON THE BALL — 
Martin Johnson of Leicester 
ou tleap in g Milan's Mastro- 
domenico in a European Cup 
rugby union game Sunday. 
Leicester won the game 37-29. 


Brochard Breezes In 
As King of the Road 

Frenchman Wins World, Title 




By Samuel Abt 

International Herald Tribune 

SAN SEBASTIAN, Spain — With his 
big earrings, blood ponytail and colorful 
bandanna, around his forehead, Laurent 
Brochard looks more like a mountain- 
bike racer than a member of the road 
fraternity, which tends to regard a two- 
day stubble as a daring fashion state- 
ment. Yet Sunday afternoon, Brochard. a 
29-year-old Frenchman, found himself 
crowned king of the road. 

Riding strongly and smartly, he won 
the world championship elite road race 
in San Sebastian in a six-man sprint into 

World Cycling 

a brisk wind. Brochard kept sheltered in 
the lee of another rider until the last 100 
meters, then passed on die left dug deep 
and crossed me line a clear winner in the 
final race of the World Championships. 

The man he came around, Leon van 
Bon, a Dutchman, was the first to com- 
pliment the winner. 

“He played a very smart game, ’’said 
van Bon, who finished third in the 
256-5-kdlometer (160-mile) race. 

The rider who finished second. Bo 
Hamburger, a Dane, was equally gra- 
cious. 

“It was a strong wind, " he said, “and 
Brochard was just a Tittle bit stronger 
than me." 

Brochard was timed in 6 hoars 16 
minutes 48 seconds, an average speed of 
38.6 kilometers (24 miles per hour) in 
cool and occasionally squally weather. 
This was die biggest triumph by far in 
his six-year professional career, which 
includes a daily stage victory this year in 
the Tour de France. He ranks 63d in the 
computerized standings of die world’s 
top 800 riders. 

Udo Bolts, a German, was fourth; 
Melchior Maori, a Spaniard, was fifth 
and Lament Dufaux, a Swiss, was sixth. 
All six participants in die sprint were 
given the same ti™ in what was 
Kumoly known as the professional road 
race but now includes professionals and 
amateurs over the age of 23. 

The three medal winners are out of the 
same mold: aggressive support riders, 


attackers and punchers, as the tom goes, 

but not leaders or big winners. 

Those people — like Johan Museeow, 

the Belgian who was the defending road 
champion; Lament Jakbert, the Hench- 
man who ranks first in the world, and 
such stars as Michele Bartoli, Francesco 
Casagrande and Da vide Rebellin, all 
fra Hans — finish ed in the main chasing 
group, 16 seconds be hind 

So the riders who complained that the 
mainly flat course was too easy could 
support their case by noting that 14 of 
the 161 starters from 25 countries were 
separated by those 16 seconds. Forty- 
four other riders finished within a 
minute of Brochard. 

In all, 87 men, who usually race for 
trade teams, not national ones, crossed 
the final line to the load drumming of 
Spanish fans who beat on the tin s idin g 
of the crowd barriers. 

For a fellow who possibly practices 
body piercing to go with his look, 
Brochard was notably reserved at a 
news conference afterward — so re- 
served that he was asked if he realized 
that he was now world champion, as 
most of the great riders have been. 

“I keep my emotions inside," he 
replied. “I'm really quite reserved but 
that doesn’t mean I'm not thrilled." 

He had another surprise in store. 
When he was asked to whom he ded- 
icated his victory, he replied, “First, to 
me, since I did the work. ” 

Then he remembered foe script far 
foe world championship acceptance 
speech and added that be included his 
wife, Veronique, and their 5-year-old 
daughter, Lolita. 

Clutching the third gold medal 
France won in foe 10-event champi- 
onships, Brochard acknowledged that 
his role had been, as usual, to work for a 
leader. 

“I was supposed to neutralize any 
breakaways and work for Jalabert,’’ he 
said, meaning that he was meant to track 
down attacks by rivals and let Jalabert 
go for a gold medal to match foe one he 
took in foe time trial on Thursday. “At 
foe end. I saw that I was the only French- 
man at the front, so I rode for myself. 
Van Bon stayed with me but I saw that 
he was at his limit, so I accelerated one 





- «** 



i*iiiiMiirtiilT«nrVThi fluniidril ]*»■ 

Brochard crossing the finish line ahead of Hamburger, left, and Bolts. 


mare time and that was it" 

Brochard was part of various leading 
groups much of the afternoon as con- 
tinuous attacks were mounted and foiled 
on foe nndamanHing terrain and its turns 
made slick by rain. 

The American team of six riders had a 
fine day, as five finished the grinding 
race of 19 laps of 13.5 kilometers each. 
Chris Horner was foe highest ranked 
American, in 28fo place, followed by 
Chaim McRae in 31st, Tyler Hamilton 
in 39th, Marty Jexnison in 68fo and 
Frank McCormack in 70th. Jon 
Vaughters did not finish. 

“We didn't have foe strength or the 
experience to go on the offensive, ’* said 
foe team’s coach, Tim Oc ho wicz. “I told 
them to play foe survival game until foe 
last two laps, stay on the right wheel and 
tty to get a top-20 finish. ’ r 

A mass crash three laps from foe end 
thwarted that plan for Homer, who was 


After 12 Unforgettable Innings, Indians Win 


By Thomas Boswell 

Washington Post Service 

C LEVELAND — Ladies and gen- 
tlemen, we have a new candidate 
far Most Amazing Baseball 
Game Ever Played- 
Granted, this category might have a 
1,000-way tie for first place. Still, Game 
3 of foe American League Championship 
Series between the Baltimore Orioles 

Braves shut out Marlins. Page 19. 

and Cleveland Indians on Saturday will 

year, wdHnta the game’s next century. 

In foeend, after four hours 51 minutes 
nnH 12 innings, foe Indians won, 2-1, in 
the only way that would have been 
appropriate to this staggeringly bizarre 
series — in an amalgam of excitement, 
controversy, confusion, unthinkable 
mistakes and inside basebalL 
Maquis Grissom scored on a passed 
ball by Orioles catcher Lenny Webster 
as the Indians attempted, and botched, a 
suicide squeeze play. Omar Vizquel 
missed the bunt, Webster missed the 
ball and, as Webster stood with the ball 
in his hand a few feet from home plate, 
Grissom raced across foe base. 

“I missed foe bunt. 1 was ready to kill 
myself, because Marquis would have 
been out at the plate, said VizqueL 
“Then 1 saw Marquis run across the 
plate and 1 just started jumping." 

The Orioles jumped, too — screaming 
in rage on foe field. They thought 


Vizquel had foul-tipped his bunt attempt, 
which would have nullified foe play. 

The umpire who made the catt, which 
looked correct to many people on re- 
play, was John HIrschbeck. Yes. the 
same umpire into whose face the Ori- 
oles’ Roberto Alomar spat last season. 

“He definitely tipped foe ball and it 
deflected off my glove,” said Webster. 
“All I could do was get a bit of my glove 
on it I definitely saw contact I beard 
contact” ' 

He said when Hirschbeck gestured 
with his arm, he thought it meant foul 
ball 

“I didn't run and get foe ball Ah 1 that 
reason,” he said. 

But what if he had run after the ball? 
Would he have gotten Grissom. 

‘ T don't think so. If I dash. I'd have to 
dive back for him,” said Webster. “I 
don’t know." 

Davey Johnson, the Orioles manager, 
said, “1 thought I heard a tick.' ” 

“Maybe mat’s wishful hearing," he 
said. “And I saw foe ball change di- 
rection. To me, that means a foul tip. 
When my catcher doesn’t go after the 
ball, I figure it’s a foul ball." 

“I did not hear anything,” said 
Hirschbeck “If I had ruled a foul ball, I 
would have screamed foul — loud. And 
waved emphatically." 

That final play brought together 
many of the protagonists in a series that 
the underdog Indians fcaij, 2-1. 

Grissom, standing on third base, was 
both hero and goal. His three-run, 
eighth-inning homer in Game 2 gave 
Cleveland a 5-4 comeback victory. Yet, 


with (me out in foe oinfo inning Sat- 
urday and an Oriole on second base, 
Brady Anderson hit a fly to center. 
Grissom, who was playing with flu 
symptoms and, at times, has taken fluids 
intravenously in recent days for dehyd- 
ration, never saw die balL 

The fluke fly fell to the turf as foe 
Orioles tied foe score, 1-L 

“So far, destiny has smiled” on Gris- 
son twice and dumped on him once, Mike 
Hargrove, foe Cleveland manager said. 

Inis series has already provided a 
winter of fodder for debate. Everybody 
bad chances to win. Rafael Palmeiro 
strode out with the bases fell in the 1 lfo 
inning . Sandy Alomar Jr. struck oat 
with the bases loaded in the bottom half 
of foe inning. Three batters earlier. Cal 
Ripken had saved foe game for the Ori- 
oles, temporarily at least, with a diving 
stop behind third base. 

For the first seven innings of this 
battle, Orel Hershiser and Mike Mussina 
staged one of the best postseason pitch- 
ing duels ever seen. The Orioles’ Muss- 
ina struck out 15 in his seven innings, the 
most in a League Championship Series 
game — or by any Oriole ever. 

Mussina allowed three singles. He 
left trailing, 1-0. 

Hershiser, 39, thought to be Marly a 
decade past his prime, was better. The 
sinker ball specialist faced only one 
batter more than the minim um in his 
seven innings and allowed no Oriole 
past first base. 

But few pitchers have ever battled 
more gloriously than Mussina, who beat 
Randy Johnson in back-to-back playoff 


starts against the Seattle Mariners last 
week in their first-round divisional 
playoff series. This time, Mussina 
struck out foe side in foe first, third and 
sixth innings. But Hershiser matched 
him, zero for zero. 

Finally, in the seventh inning, the 
Indians staged a pitched battle with 
Mussina worthy of any sports dime nov- 
el Leadoff man Manny Ramirez might 
have given the Indians a chance to win 
by leading off foe inning with a 
strikeout But what a strikeout 

Ramirez battled foe Orioles right- 
hander through 13 pitches. 

Next Jim Thome, foe cleanup man, 
drew a full-count walk on a borderline 
slider at the top of the strike zone. David 
Justice pushed Thome to second base 
with a line-drive single to center. 

Again, the moment was rich. Center 
fielder Brady Anderson got a terrible 
jump. Replays showed that the ball bad 
cleared the infield and Anderson still 
hadn’tmoved either foot Anderson, one 
of the toughest players in the sport, was 
playing despite a pulled groin muscle. 

Mussina looked cooked. He’d thrown 
’ 22 pitches in the inning and 116 for foe 
game, his third-highest total of foe sea- 
son. The Indians’ Matt Williams groun- 
ded foe first pitch he saw back through 
foe box and into center field for an RBI 
hit Shortstop Mike Bordick “barely 
missed a diving stop that would have 
gotten a force out at second base. 

The Orioles eventually tied the.score 
in the ninth inning on Anderson’s fly 
balL But they weren't able to-hold off 
foe Indians. 


trapped behind riders stopped by fallen 
bikes and colleagues. . 

Hie race was watched by a startlingly 
small crowd all along the route out of 
and back into San Sebastian. Basques 
from this region routinely flow by foe 
hundreds of thousands aaosk the nearby 
border to watch stages of the Tour de 
France and the city is a hotbed of cycling 
clubs and races. 

But most people stayed safely home 
after a car bomb exploded just off the 
course Saturday during the women’s 
elite road race. Basque nationalists were 
blamed for the attack, which injured 
three civilians, none seriously, and 
which occurred as a police patrol neared 
foe booby trap. 

The ext remis ts, who seek separation 
from Spain, staged a short demonstration 

■Sunday, blockin g % .mad and hatting foe 

race in its third lap. The police quickly 
cleared the course of all but racers. 


Schumacher 
Wins While 
ViUeneuve 
Is in Limbo 


Reuters 

SUZUKA, Japan — Michael Schu- 
macher, with some help from Formula 
One's administrators, ensured that foe 
world drivers' championship would not 
be decided until the last race of foe 
season when he won in the Japanese 
Grand Prix on Sunday. 

The 28-year-old Goman, drove his 
Ferrari with measured aplomb to finish 
foe 53-lap race 13 seconds ahead of his 

compatriot Heioz-Haraid Frentzen. 
Freaizen gained six points for second 
place to ensure that his Williams team 
won a record ninth constructors' cham- 
pionship. But W illiams ' chances of 
winning the drivers championship were 
dented when Jacques ViUeneuve of 
Canada, the team’s No. 1 driver, was 
disqualified before foe race and allowed 
to drive only under appeal 

ViUeneuve finished fifth behind 
third-placed Eddie Irvine of Britain, in a 
Ferrari, and Mika Hakkinen of Finland, 
in a McLaren. Jean Alesi of France in a 
Benetton was sixth. 

ViUeneuve was disqualified after fi- 
nal practice on Saturday for ignoring a 
yellow caution flag. Vilkneove was one 
of six drivers to ignore the caution flag 
— the others included Sch umache r — 
but the Canadian had received a sus- 
pended sentence for ignoring caution 
flags earlier in foe season. 

ViUeneuve was the fastest in practice, 
and after his team appealed the decision, 
ViUeneuve was reinstated to die pole. 
Any penalties mast be decided by For- 
mula One’s governing body, the In- 
ternational Federation of Automobile 
Sport Possible penalties include foe 
loss of the two points ViUeneuve gained 
for fifth cm Sunday or even suspension 
for the final race. 

VUleneuve had started the weekend 
nine points ahead of Schumacher in foe 
drivers’ ctianapiooship and could have 
clinched the title Sunday. Instead, foe 
Canadian driver came out just ahead of 
foe German, 79-78. If VQleaeuve is 
stripped of foe points he gained Sunday 
as punishment for the flag violation, 
Schumacher will be ahead 78-77. 

ViUeneuve roared into the first comer 
Sunday after switching to the right lane 
to block Schumacher’s attempt to over- 
take him. Schumacher, who started 
from die second grid, almost collided 
with VUleneove. 

“He wanted to make me lose as many 
points as he could, which meant slowing 
me down and arranging for other carsrfo 
get in front of me, Schumacher ^cL 
■ Irvine, who started from fotirfoplace 
on foe grid, led after foe first roudd of pit 
stops, bat be obeyed team orders and 
slowed down to let Schumacher — who 
had passed ViUeneuve in foe pit stops — , 
to take the lead. Irvine, in second place, ' 
blocked ViUeneuve’s counterattack. 

In the standings, it was worth 10 
points. If Schumacher and ViUeneuve 
end the season tied in points, ViUeneuve 
would be foe champion because he has 
won more races so far this season — 
seven to Schumacher's five. 



V ?} 


' - 



Deoil PttpmTOe Aandued rtwn 

Michael Schumacher piloting his 
Ferrarri to a victory in Japan. 



1 love 0-800-99-0011 


in the springtime. 


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