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The World’s Daily Newspapei 


Paris, Friday, October 17, 1997 


No. 35,654 

Contortions Over Sanctions 

Can U.S. Punish Russia’s Gazprom for Deal With Iran? 

By David E. Sanger 

Nr*r Tort Times Service 

WASHINGTON — In the next few weeks the 
qmton administration will face the first test of its 
willingness to make good on a threat to punish 
foreign companies that invest in tun 
But i he State Department is not exactly leaping 
at the chance to teach a lesson to Russia’s premS 
pnvate company Gazprom, for a $2 billion deal 
with French and Malaysian companies to pumD 
natural gas off the Ir anian coast. y 

Instead, officials are discovering anew that im- 
posing sanctions on foreign companies that defy 
American policy — in this case by doing business 
with a country that the United Stales asserts sup- 
ports terrorism — raises numerous unforeseeable 

The issue is not whether Washington can stop the 
investment in Iran. That is clearly beyond its reach 
Instead, it is whether Gazprom should be allowed to 
raise $1 billion in world financial mariraft? in- 
cluding the United States, next month — money 
that will go right into the company's coffers just as 
it is preparing to write the Iranians a fat check. 

But stopping that deal ihrratms to unravel del- 
icate negotiations with European allies over U5. 
sanctions policy and to interfere with Washing- 
ton’s efforts to stabilize tbs rickety Russian econ- 
omy. To make matters worse, it could «i«r« mean 
going up against one of President Bill Hinton 's 
biggest financial supporters in last year’s cam- 
paign: Goldman, Sachs & Co. 

The Wall Street firm, whose former co-chair- 
man, Robert Rabin, is now the Treasury secretary, 
is underwriting the Gazprom bond offering. The- 
company fought Jong and hard to get Gazprom’s 
business, and many European investment houses 
would dance with glee if Washington woe to get in 
Goldman’s way. 

Even Smart Eizenstat, undersecretary of state 
for economics, business a nd agriculture, concedes 
that if America tried to aim at Tran, the b ullet would 
ricochet everywhere. 

"This is a matter which has important im- 
plications for our policy to deter Iran fr o m ac- 
quiring weapons of mass destruction and sup- 
porting cexrmism," be said Wednesday. But it 

See SANCTIONS, Page 12 

Not Your Typical Takeover Fight 

Competing Bids for MCI Pit Cash Offer Against Stock 

By Floyd Norris 

StH’ York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Never has there been a 
takeover battle like die one for MCI Commu- 
nications Corp.. the second-largest long-dis- 
tance U.S. telephone company. In your no rmal 
takeover battle, the price only goes up. In this 
one, the price gyrates in both directions. 

T he lat est offer came Wednesday, with word 
that GTE Corp., the big local telephone com- 
pany, was willing to pay $40 a share to take over 
MCI Communications. Not a bad price, except 
that the highest bid on ihe table now is $41-50 a 
share from WorldCom Inc. 

Would anyone really be willing to consider the 

lower bid? The answer is yes. The GTE i 
may very well be a better offer for all of MCI’s 
shareholders as a group, even though it is almost 
certainly inferior for any individual holder. 

That is because WorldCom is not offering 
cash. It is offering WorldCom stock. It will 
exchange enough of its shares to have a market 
value of $41 .50 for each MCI share — assuming 
that WorldCom stock is trading in a range of $34 
to $40 a share in the days leading up to com- 
pletion of the deal. 

GTE, on die other hand, is offering all cash, 
though it expressed willingness to make the deal 
part cash and part stock, if MG preferred. 

See DEAL, Page 12 

Under Fire: New Museum in Basque Capital 

Sanign LjWIV AmdNcd ftm 

The Guggenheim museum to be inaugurated Saturday in Bilbao has angered everyone 
from separatists to artists and architects, one of whom called it a big cauliflower. Page 2. 



S. Imposes Port Ban 
On Japanese Vessels 

The U.S. Maritime Commission has 
ordered the Coast Guard to ban Japanese cargo 
vessels from American parts and told the 
Customs Service to seize ships currently in 
port. The agency acted after Japan’s three 
international carriers said they would not pay 
$ 100,000-a- voyage fines it had imposed m a 
dispute over what it says are restrictive port 
practices in Japan. Page 15. 

Dmi« Mlfc/n* AaodMrd I 

VICTORY— Jose Mesa, Indians’ reliev- 
er, celebrating the last out as Cleveland 
advanced to the World Series. Page 25. 

CIA Bares Its Big Secret: Costs of Spying 

By Tim Weiner 

Nete York TYmus Service 

WASHINGTON — Abruptly abandoning 50 
years of secrecy, die CIA has disclosed how much 
money the United States is now spending annually 
few intelligence — $26.6 billion. 

With a one-sentence fax message to a lawyer 
who sued to obtain die information, the Central 
Intelligence Agency let fall a pillar of Cold War 
policy, ending its argument that obeying die U.S. 
Constitution’s commands far a public budget 
would irreparably harm national security. 

Before the CLA message sent Wednesday af- 

ternoon, disclosing die sum was legally tan- 
tamount to espionage. * 

The decision ended a 30-year legal battle, fought 
in the courts and in Congress, to compel the agency 
to comply with the constitution, which says the 
government must publish a ‘ ‘regular statement and 
account” of its spending. 

When die agency was founded 50 years ago, the 
Cold War was deemed a valid reason to leap the 
level of spending secret. 

That secrecy persisted well after die hammer 
and sickle came down from die Kremlin at the end 
of 1991, although in truth the spending figure was 
a secret poorly kept 

Today, the agency, which itself spends about $3 
billion a year, presides over a covertly appropriated 
cache of money from which billions are drawn by 
other government intelligence agencies, including 
the National Security Agency, which conducts 
global communication monitoring, and the Na- 
tional Imagery and Mapping Agency, which 
makes photographs and maps from space. 

The director of central intelligence, George Ten- 
et, said President Bill Clinton authorized the dis- 
closure, which an agency spokesman said was 
required by a lawsuit under the Freedom of In- 

See ESPIONAGE, Page 12 

The Victor 
Gloats Over 
Return to 

Has Arsenal of Charm 
And Deadly Ambition 

By Howard W. French 

A/cm- York Tunes Service 

ABIDJAN, Ivory Coast — Declaring 
himself victorious in a five-month civil 
war that ravaged his country’s capital. 
Brazzaville, the Republic of Congo's 
new de facto leader, Denis Sassou- 
Nguesso, on Thursday quicxly took to 
mocking Pascal Lissouba. the sitting 
president whom he had just defeated. 

General Sassou-Nguesso had nothing 
but scorn for his longtime rival’s claim 
that he is still the legal head of state of 
the Republic of Congo, an assertion that 
Mr. Lissouba made Thursday in an in- 
ternational radio interview, supposedly 
from a hiding place somewhere in the 

“Luckily ridicule isn’t lethal,” Gen- 
eral Sassou-Nguesso said, dismissing 
Mr. Lissouba as a man who * ‘has ruined 
his country during five years of rule, 
who has provoked two civil wars and 
has killed thousands of people.” 

What General Sassou-Nguesso, 54, 
left unmentioned was his own dis- 
astrous record in 13 years in power, his 
share of responsibility for the country’s 
history of political violence, or the un- 
certain prospects of his countiy and of 
democratic governance under his rule. 

General Sassou-Nguesso is regarded 
by many of his African peers as a man 
who marries extraordinary charm with 
limitless personal ambition. The tur- 
bulent history of his small nation also 
shows him to be a ruthless survivor in a 
national political scene that has been 
characterized since independence from 
France in 1960 by continual intrigue and 
a quick reflex to violence. 

As a Marxist dictator during 13 years 
of rule that began in 1979, he managed 
where others before him had failed, 
somehow remaining a darling of the 
Soviet Union and an ally of Paris. 

' “Ibis is as smooth an operator as one is 
likely to come across,” said a senior of-, 
fidal of an African government “Some 
people triumph by having others under- 
estimate them. Denis has always managed, 
to survive and rebound even though 
people know he is dead serious." 

Known as a Pierre Cardin Marxist for 

See CONGO, Page 12 

Growth and the Environment Clash 

India 9 s Soaring Energy Needs Pose Global Ecological Dilemma 

By Kenneth J. Cooper 

WashiTrgtoB Post Service 

NEW DELHI — Unexpectedly, on any given day, 
irrigation pumps in agricultural fields run dry, heavy 
machines m factories shut down and lights go out in 
offices. India does not have enough electricity to go 
around, making unscheduled power cuts almost a 
routine part of daily life. 

Experts estimate that this huge countiy needs to 

nearly double its power generation in the next decade to 
meet its goals of accelerating economic growth and 
reducing poverty, which afflicts about 40 percent of 
India’s 950 million people. But die cheapest and most 
available source of fuel for India’s power plants, low- 
grade coal from nationalized mines, also happens to be 
the dirtiest. 

To continue growing, it looks as if the world s 
second-most-populous countiy will have to pollute 

India’s dilemma pats it near the center of an in- 
ternational conflict that pits die global environment 
against development and the prosperous nations of the 
north against the developing countries of die sooth. 

At issue are plans to slow global warming by curbing 
so-called greenhouse gases — mainly emissions of 
carbon dioxide that are spew ed from power plants and 

Many environmentalists from wealthy countries say 
nothing less than the Earth's fotnre is at stake. But for 
poor countries, strict curbs on emissions also reduce the 
possibility that more of their citizens will enjoy anything 
close to the comfortable lifestyles that are taken for 
granted in rich countries. 

The debate has particular significance for India. Eco- 
nomic growth is pulling some of its enormous pop- 
ulation out of poverty ami creating a new middle class, 
but at the same time the country’s increasing need for 

See INDIA, Page 4 

Thi- !\m, VwtTinir, 

Arthur Sulzberger of The Times. 

Times’s Sulzberger 
Is Replaced by Son 

Arthur Ochs Sulzberger. 71, is 
stepping down as chairman and chief 
executive of The New York Times 
Co. after 24 years at its helm, to be 
replaced as chairman by his son, the 
company said Thursday. 

Arthur Sulzberger Jr., 46. will re- 
main publisher of the company ’ s flag- 
ship newspaper in addition to his new 

The company also announced that 
Russell Lewis, company president, 
would add die title of chief executive 
and report to the new chairman. Mi- 
chael Golden.. vice president, was 
named vice chairman and a board 

The changes came on the day that 
The Times displayed color photo- 
graphs on its front page for the first 
time. Also on Thursday, it posted 
. third-quarter profits higher than Wall 
Street’s expectations. Page 15. 

Adriatic Ship of Despair 

Italy Slams the Door on Albania’s ‘Clandestim 

By Richard Boudreaux 

LiB Anpeles Times Service 

Adriatic Sea — Just before 1 j each 
tight, a convoy of police vans rolls into 
" the Italian port of Brindisi and uni 0 ?*® 
Soman cargo onto the gangplank of uus 
triple-decker ferry. One by one. the out- 
*> 8*5 board for the dreaded voyage. 

They are clandestine undocumented 

10.00 FF LflWW* 

..... 12.50 FF Morocco- 


. 2.600 l™ spam - 

Al banian migrants rounded up across 
Italy on a recent evening ana forced 
homeward in an effort to reverse one of 
post-Cold War Europe’s most desperate, 
v olatil e and troublesome migrations. 

Rom Brindisi’s inky harbor across a 
moonlit Adriatic, die Illyria was trailed 
that night by five police vessels and a 
helicopter — a final warning mat Italy 

has ran out of hospitality for these ragged 

refugees from Europe’s poorest country. 
Since Italy began its crackdown last 

month, the Illyria has become as much a 

vessel of despair as one of hope. Longa 
means for job-seeking Albanians to 
reach Italy with false entry visas, it has 
hauled away most of the nearly U)00 
da adesrini expelled so far. 

Afrim Mufaameti. 28, has made foe 
voyage in both directions- Twice de- 
poned from Italy aboard the Dlyna. he 
Sice dove off its upper deck m a futile 
escape attempt. His odyssey sheds light 
on foe Albanians’ grim determination to 
flee and their shrinking odds of making 
it in an Italy now equally determined to 
keep them out. 

See ALBANIA, Page 12 



The Dollar 

TTursday O 4 PA 1 











The Dow 


nuadaydosfl pravtouadoae 



S&P 500 


Thuriitty 9 A PM. pmAamdew 





Romeo and Juliet, in Ulster 


Sudan’s Washington Lobby 


A Link to Sri Lanka Bombing? 


Crossword... — 





Pages 8-9. 

..Pages 26-27. 

The IntBrmaricat 

Page 7. 

The IHT on-line wwiv.ilit.coni 

Now Showing: Clinton Courts Donors 

New Batch of Videotapes Details Extent of the Campaign Cash Pursuit 

By John M. Broder 

New York Tones Service 

WASHINGTON — There was Pres- 
ident Bill Ctinton with his “good friend” 
John Huang saying be was overwhelmed 
by foe outpouring of Asian- American 
support for his campaign. 

And there he was again with Yah Lin 
Trie, the entrepreneurial Little Rock 
restaurant owner, joking that 20 years 
ago neithe r of them could have afforded 
a ticket to foe fund-raising luncheon 
they were attending. 

to another videotape moment, he was 
servingas tour guide in foe Green Room 
of die white House for a group of in- 
fluential viators, including Martin Dav- 
is, who recently pleaded guilty to con- 
spiracy and fraua charges arising bow 
last year’s Teamsters election. 

The snippets are found in 100 hours 
of videotapes turned pver to federal 
investigators that show President Clin- 
ton courting Democratic donors and 
fund-raisers in the 1996 campaign. 
Whether or not they reveal any behavior 
that could prove legally troublesome for 
foe president and Ids advisers, they fiir- 

oms. They provide images of Mr. 
lintofl in foe company of people tore 

foer undercut Mr. Clinton’s claims that 
he was detached from foe details of 
fund-raising and add detail to the un- 
folding tale of foe Democrats' pursuit of 
c am paign cash. 

The tapes show the president chasing 
money in a variety of settings, from 
meals with small groups in the White 
House Blue Room to mass entreaties of 
scores of contributors in hotel ball- 


Mr. Trie and Mr. Huang, who have 
become central characters in the cam- 
paign finance investigation. Much of 
the money the two men raised for foe 
Democrats has been returned because of 
questions- about its origin. 

Of foe thousands of images of Mr. 
Clinton captured over die past five years, 
these routine and redundant moments 
may be among die most enduring. 

Pauline Kanchanalak, a Thai -Amer- 
ican businesswoman suspected of con- 
tributing tainted money to Mr. Clinton’s 
1996 campaign, was greeted this way by 
foe president at an October 1994 White 
House meeting: “Hello, Pauline. How 
are you?" 

“Hi, Johnnie, how you doing?” Mr. 
Clinton asks ar an Ova] Office radio 
address attended by Johnnie Chung, the 
California entrepreneur, who national 
security aides tried to block from White 
House access, but who nonetheless got 
into the Oval Office at around the same 
time he was making big donations to the 
Democratic Party. 

Moments after he enters foe picture, 
Mr. Chung is escorting a stream of 
Chinese officials to meet an awkward- 
looking Mr. Clinton, After one hands him 
a memento from Asia, a rock-like pa- 
perweight bearing the word “Longev- 
ity in Chinese, Mr. Clinton says, 
“Longevity, we need more of that.” 

But perhaps foe most searing image 
for the White House is on a videotape of 
a radio address on Sept 10, 1994. After 
foe speech, Mr. Clinton is seen con- 
ferring closely with foe two central fig- 
ures to foe investigations: Mr. Huang 
and his former employer, James Riady 
Mr. Riady. an Indonesian billionaire 
whose family controls a financial con- 
glomerate, is a longtime friend of Mr. 

See TAPES, Page 12 


























10 - 





























D J 

TZr~7 TT' 


PAGE mo 



Sectarian Violence / An Innocent Victim 

A Tragic Story of Young Lovers in Ulster 

By Warren Hoge 

New York Times Service 

A GH AT.FR , Northern Ireland — 

Drive up and over the bowed 
stone bridge, pass by Bally- 
cairn Road on the left and the 
Lock-Keeper's Inn on the right, and you 
are in a blink's bend in the Jane called 

It has a store, a gas station, a pub and 
the unwanted distinction of being the last 
place where someone died in the sec- 
tarian violence that has cost more than 
3,220 lives since 1969. 

In the early morning of July IS, a man 
presumed to be 'from a Protestant para- 
military group shot and killed Bernadette 
Martin, 1 8, a Catholic, as she slept in the 
farmhouse of the family of Gordon 
Green. 19. her Protestant boyfriend The 
day after her funeral, the Irish Repub- 
lican Army resumed a cease-fire that has 
so far halted the killing ut Ulster. 

With peace talks under way in the 
Castle Buildings in nearby Belfast, this 
village stands a remote chance of be- 
coming the place where the lost person 
ever died in the 28-year “Troubles." 

* 'It would be a fitting tribute to Bemie," 
said Rodney McCafferty. personnel man- 
ager of the food-processing factory in Lur- 
gan, where the teenagers met and fell in 
love. “There are innocent victims and 
innocent victims, bui she was a totally, 
totally innocent victim." 

Bernadette was so detached from the 
violent politics of Northern Ireland that she once 
asked her father whether the IRA were Catholics or 
Protestants. Avondale Foods, where Bernadette 
made sandwiches and Gordon dried vegetables for 
prepared salads, was a “mixed" workplace, an oasis 
from the intolerance outside the plant gates that might 
have bred in them a misleading sense of security. 

There have been four sectarian killings in two 
years now in this pastoral area of cornfields, cows 
and roads flecked with wind-tossed thistledown. 

Hadn't it occurred to Gordon and Bernadette that 
their Romeo and Juliet relationship might provoke 
the paramilitary thugs who are known to inhabit this 
deceptively peaceful region? 

"It never crossed my mind," the sad-eyed young 
man said, sitting in the living room of the house 
where she was shot and killed. He showed a visitor 
a picture of the two of them playfully kissing. 

Five miles (eight kilometers) away, in her house 
with its tidy garden of begonias and roses. Margaret 
Martin said she had been concerned for Gordon 

Cuba K. Lopra BaiflWTV Ke* tort 1W» 

It hadn't occurred to Gordon Green, a Protestant, and 
Bernadette Martin, a Catholic, that their Romeo and 
Juliet relationship might provoke paramilitary killers. 

when he came to their largely Catholic neighborhood 
of Pineside but never for her daughter when she spent 
the night with the Greens in Protestant Aghalee. 


ERNADETTE’S father, Laurence Martin, 
is a long-distance truck driver. Gordon and 
Bernadette had met on a bus going to the 
company dance party last Christmas, and 
those who were there remember it as teenage love at 
first sight. It was a complementary mix, she high- 
spirited and cheerful with tumbling blond curls, he 
quiet and retiring, with dense eyebrows and straight 
black hair combed over his forehead accentuating a 
brooding look. 

“You know, it’s funny to look out there and not 
see them walking around," Mr. McCafferty said, 
glancing toward the window overlooking the park- 
ing lot and loading platform between the two red 
brick buildings of the plant, where Bernadette and 
Gordon would wander hand-in-hand on their way to 
a trailer for their smoking breaks. Mr. McCafferty 

remembered frequently scolding them 
for co ming to wont late and smiled at the 
recollection of what effect his warnings 
bad. “They were so wrapped up together 
that it went in one ear and right out the 
other,” he said. 

On die evening of July 14, Bernadette 
and Gordon left work and went first to her 
bouse, then into the town of Lurgan. They 
later called Gordon’s mother, Josie 
Green, to come fetch them and take them 
to Aghalee, where Bernadette often spent 
the nigh t in the room of Gordon's sister. 

They had a drink and played pool in the 
Lock-Keeper’s Inn and then strolled the 
500 yards up Soldierstown Road to the 
Green house. There they made sandwiches 
and went up to Gordon’s room, where they 
were joined by his sister. They talked, 
smoked and eventually foil asleep without 
undressing sometime after 2 JO AJVL 
At 4 AJVL Gordon woke up to an ex- 
plosive sound. “I asked her what that noise 
was and then I saw the blood,” he said. 

Someone was r unning down the stairs, 
he remembers. The gunman had shot her 
four times in the head point-blank. 

“There was a lot of blood coming out 
of her nose, and her mouth was all clogged 
up with blood," he said. "She'd puther 
hand up to cover her face, and there was 
blood coming out of her fingers.” 

She was unconscious but still breathing 
• when the ambulance took her to Craigh- 
haven Hospital She was transferred to the 
intensive care unit at Royal Victoria Hos- 
pital in Belfast She never regained con- 
sciousness, and at 4 PJML, with members of hers and 
Gordon's family at her bedside, doctors cutoff the 
life-support machine. 

The police have arrested a 36-year-old local man 
in the case and charged him with murder. The crime 
is categorized as political, though a spokesman for 
the Royal Ulster Constabulary in Belfast would not 
release die name of the suspect or confirm whether 
he was a member of a paramilitary force. 

Did Gordon Green think the suspect had been at 
the pubthe night he and Bernadette had their drink? 
“No, there were just friends there," he said. 

What else did he know about him? “I’m not 
allowed ro talk about that," be said. 

Mrs. Martin said that the last dung she wanted 
was revenge. “A lot of people have said they can’t 
understand my feelings," she said. “But I have 
enough to deal with, with my grief, without dealing 
with anger, too." The family’s desire is that Ber- 
nadette's killing be the last. “Thar’s the oaly thing 
that’s keeping her father and me going," she said. 

In the Basque Heartland 

Even Picasso’s ‘Guernica ’ Is Part of the Fight 

art museum in Madrid, which bolds da - 

> . .» 1 — r J m it k. 1 

. AgemxFnmce-Presse . 

BILBAO, Spain — The extravagant 
Guggenheim art museum to be opened 
hereSatnrday in thepresence of Spain s 
royalty is being cast as a symbol of 
Basque economic revival, but already 
separatist violence has cast a shadow 

Scarcely less violent are the attacks 
-from the region's artists, who have de- 
scribed the titanium-covered structure, 
by the California architect Frank Gehry, 
as a Disney-style art museum symbol- 
irmg U.S. cultural colonialism. 

On Monday, the police discovered 
grenades planted .outside the mnsenm, 
thus apparently foiling a plot by tire 
Basque separatist group ETA to set off 
explosives during the inauguration to be 
attended by King Juan Carlos L 

Fierce criticism of -the Guggenheim 
continues, as the artist Jorge Oteiza 
demonstrated when he likened the proj- 
ect to a Disney-style approach to art and 
the? building to “a cheese factory." 

Some critics said they would hold an 
anti-Gug genheim demonstration at the 
opening of the museum, which their 
spokesman, Tnaki Uriarte, a Basque, ar- 
chitect, called “a colossal Californian 
cauliflower" that “has nothing to do 
with the world of culture.” 

Mr. Gehry said he wanted the mu- 
seum, which includes some 10,000 
square meters (90,000 square feet) of 
exhibition space, to be human in scale. 

Defending the project, the director of 
the Guggenheim Foundation in New 
York, Thomas Krais, said the Bilbao 
Guggenheim Museum would be good 
for business, given the revenues it 
would bring die city and the region. 

Bilbao was badly hit by the 1970s 
economic crisis that brought the closure 
of shipyards and steelworks. It received 
a reconversion grant of $1.5 billion, of 
which tire Guggenheim project is one of 
the main beneficiaries. The decision 
was attacked by a city council member, 
Ibon Arbulu, who represents Herri 
Batasuna, the political wing of ETA. 

One factor in the dispute over the 
museum thar seems to unite all sides in 
the region is the plan to house Picasso’s 
masterpiece from tire Spanish civil war, 
“Guernica,” albeit cm a temporary 
basis. But the RemaSofiacootemporary 

painting, has refused to lend it to the; 
Guggenheim, despite a vote in Parlia- 
ment favoring the move. The Madrid 
museum cited the extreme fragility tg r . 
the work, completed in 1937/ _ ' .- v: 

Mr. Krens, a vigorous campaigner^ 
the painting’s display at Bilbao, cob,; 
tested this, saying mat it had been sho*i}J \ 
in 35 cities- since its completion.' vv 
The Guggenheim seems detenmnofr 
to house ‘ ‘Guernica, ' ’ particularly sinoti; 
the museum is planning an exhibition, ■ '* 
“Picasso and the War,” in two. year*, 
and they consider it would be inborn--. 
plete without “Guernica.” • 

Currently, Bilbao's new museum^ 
squeezed between a highway and aadp|: 
road track in the center of the Basque - 
spiral , houses a range of 20th-centoiy 
ait, from the cubists, Picasso, Kand- . 
insfcy and Matisse to experiments in 
technologic ait. The inaugural exhib-1 
itioo includes about 250 wcaks, mostbf - 
which were part of the 6.000 precesteM’ 
by tire foundation in New York. -.= 

Bodyguard Joins ^ 
Suit in Diana CrasU 

The Associated Press J ‘jj 

PARIS — Trevor Rees Jone&f 
the bodyguard who was the sole/ 
survivor of the car crash that killed 
Diana, Princess of Wales, has 
joined the investigation as a civil 
party, allowing him to sue for dam- 
ages, judicial sources said Thurs- 
day. ■. 

By joining the investigation, Mr. -- 
Rees Jones would have access to ail 
court papers. Should criminal 
charges be filed, Mr. Rees Jones, 
could seek damages against any 
future defendant As a civil party to 
the case, Mr. Rees Jones can now 
be questioned by French investi- 
gators only in the presence of his 

Meanwhile, tire leading inves- 
tigating judge has lifted restrictions 
on a photographer, Christian Mar- 
tinez, allowing hhn to work and-' 
leave France. 

Dust Slows Air Traffic in U.S. 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — Dust from a renovation project in a 
Long Island air-traffic control center forced dozens of con- 
trollers to abandon their work stations for almost 10 hours 
Wednesday, setting off cascading delays that disrupted air 
travel around the United Stales. 

The Federal Aviation Administration, concerned both 
about employees ’ health and about the possibility that tire dust 
particles might disable a controller at his console, rotated a 
skeleton crew of controllers through the radar control center in 
brief shifts. The center handles planes for New York’s three 
major airports. 

Disruptions were greatest at Newark International Airport, 
where officials said 150 flights were canceled and arrival delays 
reached five hours. Officials sent the controllers back to work at 
about 3:25 P.M. Wednesday, after tests indicated there was no 
health hazard from the construction work. But officials said the 
backlog of waiting planes took several more hours to clear up. 

TRAVEL UPDATE 6 Wing’ Trouble on Mars Craft Could Be Serious 


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Egypt to Let Tourists Visit Tombs 

GIZA, Egypt (Reuters) — Egypt will open for tourism next 
month four tombs that lay under a mound .of sand near the 
Great Pyramids . of Giza for 4,600 years amtil tirey were 
discovered in the 1930s, an official said Thursday. = 

Zaki Hawass, tire director of tire Giza Plateau, near Cairo, 
said the tombs belonged to officials who served Pharaoh 
Cheops, who built the biggest of the three main pyramids. 

The tombs show scenes from the daily, life of Egyptians at 
the time of the Fifth Dynasty, including what Mr. Hawass said 
was a unique wall painting of a man holding a hoopoe bird. 

Strike Disrupts Paris-Roissy Trains 

PARIS ( AP) — A surprise strike Thursday disrupted train 
service in the northern suburbs of Paris, making it hard for 
passengers to get to Roissy-Charles de Gaulle Airport. 

Service for suburban trains in the northern sector was 
severely interrupted, and buses were put in service to that 
passengers could gel to their destinations. Talks were under 
way to resolve the conflict. 

The workers who maintain the tracks, bridges and elec- 
trical systems for Amtrak could go on strike Wednesday, 
shutting down the railroad, which carries 60,000 passengers a 
day, and possibly the major commuter operations in New York, 
Boston. Philadelphia, Washington and California, which cany 
531.000 commuters daily. Union and management are ne- 
gotiating. (NYT) 

Senator John McCain, Republican of Arizona, a long- 
time proponent of loosening flight restrictions at Wash- 
ington’s National Airport and providing more service to the 
West, is circulating a measure that would allow more small, 
low-cost airlines into the airport and would let them fly to 
more distant destinations. (WP) 

By.Kathy Sawyer 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The Mars Global 
Surveyor spacecraft has suffered a po- 
tentially serious problem with a solar 
“Wing^' prompting a suspension of 
routine operations around Mars for at 
least two weeks while handlers figure 
out what is wrong. 

.U.S. spacecraft managers became 
concerned in recentdays when telemetry 
indicated that one of the two solar panels 
was flapping as it encountered thicker 
Martian atmosphere and might even 
have buckled at some point 

They hope to make a decision about 
how to proceed by Oct. 27. 

Since its arrival in Mars orbit SepL 12, 
on a two-year, $247 million mission to 
map the planet in unprecedented detail, 
the craft has been reshaping its orbital 

track from egg-shaped to circular. 

To do this, it was using a fuel-saving 
technique known as aerobraking, which 
involves dipping repeatedly into denser 
layers of the atmosphere to increase 

drag- . r ‘ 

Its two 11.6-foot (3.5-meter) solar 
panels, extended like wings, must be 
stable and structurally secure to create 
the drag surface that makes aerobraking 

The flapping motion apparently 
began during a pass on Oct. 6, when the 
density of the Martian atmosphere 
doubled suddenly, according to the 
NASA project manager, Glenn Cun- 
ningham of the Jet Propulsion Labo- 
ratory in Pasadena, California. 

However, his team was prepared for 
atmospheric density to fluctuate with 
changing seasons and the spacecraft was 
designed to handle much greater drag 

than it experienced that day, he noted. 

“The solar panel on the other side 
didn't flap at all" » 

Problems with the panel, designed to 
gather power from the sun to generate 
electricity, have had no affect off 'the 
craft's power supply. 

The team "is concerned that there is 
some structural deformation we don't 
understand" that was aggravated by the 
increasing drag of aerobraking, Mr. 
Cunningham said. 

The strategy is to avoid making the' 
situation worse while engineers try to re- 
create the problem, using computer, 
models and ground tests with duplicates 
of the flight hardware. 

The Mars Global Surveyor is the first 
spacecraft in 21 years to orbit Mats; 
successfully. The last attempt, by Mrifs'jJ 
Observer in 1993, failed just three days 
before it was to reach orbit. 

jure I 



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to Aid of Sudan 


hammer on Sudan men drop the 



si At^sscs 

Uol Hill and no lobbying clout. ^ 
lobby betm fte *™ -bic 


nation is the source of 70 percent to 90 
percent of the 'world's supply, with 
neighboring Chad another source. 

Without gum arabic, fruit particles in 
fruit drinks would sink to the bottom of 
the can, a lobbyist warned 

Many soft drinks, candies, printing 
inks, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics 
would just not be the same. 

And so last month, 12 major trade 
associations representing gum arabic 
users wrote to the House International 
Relations Committee; chafrmari ) Ben- 
jamin Gilman, Republican of New 
York, to alert him to the dire con- . 
sequences of a gam arable cutoff. 

A ban “would result immcxEately in a 
black market, raise the costs to Amer- 
ican companies and consumers while 
generating greater opportunities for 
profiteering by local producers and oth- 
ers," they said 

The letter said smugglers would start 
dealing in gum arabic and dealers in 
third countries would merely repackage ’ 
it f°r sale in the United States at higher 
costs to American consumers. 

Among the associations sounding 
that alarm were die National Food Pro- 
cessors Association; Grocery Manufac- 
turers of America, Non prescription 
Drug Manufacturers Association, 
Newspaper Association of America, 
which represents 95 percent of all news-, 
papers, including The Washington Post, 
ana die National Soft Drink Associ- 
ation, which includes such giants as 
Coca-Cola Co. and. PepsiCo Inc. 

■ . The lobbying effort began after a 
newspaper article that mentioned the 
impending trade ban was spotted by 
officials at Importer Service Corp. of 
Jersey City, New Jersey, a small com- 
pany that imports gum arabic from Su- 
dan for resale across the nation. 

The company alerted clients, who 
spread the word. 

“What we did when we found out 
about this was try to identify everybody 
that could be impacted by that legis- 
lation," said Drew Davis, who is lead- 
ingtbe effort for soft-drink producers. 

The impact cannot be measured in 
dollars alone, lobbyists said. Sudan pro- 

AFTER THE SHOCK — Residents of La Chitnba, Chile, sitting: on their beds in the street after their 
home was destroyed by an earthquake that kilted at least eight people and left more than 100 injured. 

duces about 26,000 tons of gum arabic a 
year, of which 4,000 to 5,000 tons are 
exported to the United States. 

The value of that commerce amoun- 
ted to about $9 milli on in 1996; ac- 
cording to the trade associations’ letter 
to Mr. Gilman, “a little of this sniff 
goes a long way," Mr. Davis ob- 

There is no artificial substitute' on the 

Those opposing the trade ban face the 
task of defeating it twice because it is 
included in different forms and for dif- 
* ferent reasons in unrelated pieces of 

One version, included in anti-terror- 
ism legislation sponsored by Represen- 
tatives Bill McCollum, Republican of 
Florida, and Charles Schumer, Demo- 
crat of New York, is included in the 
House version of a landmark bill to 
reorganize the government's foreign 
policy agencies. 

The measure is stalled in a House- 
Senate conference over the unrelated 
issue of abortion. 

Court Orders 
Release of 
Tobacco Files 

Washington PosiService 

WASHINGTON — A federal district 
court in Topeka, Kansas, has ordered 
the release of about 2^00 of the most 
sensitive internal tobacco-industry doc- 
uments held by Liggett Group Inc. 

Hie rest of the tobacco industry has 
vehemently fought the release of the 
documents, which came from Liggett 's 
files but were produced in joint ac- 
tivities with other tobacco companies 
and by industry-financed organizations 
such as the Tobacco Institute and the 
Council for Tobacco Research. 

The ruling was hailed by the Kansas 
attorney general, Carla Stovall, who 
said it “opens the floodgates." 

Tobacco industry lawyers attacked 
the decision and vowed to lodge a quick 

“This is not really a tobacco issue," 
said Greg Little, associate general coun- 
sel for Philip Morris. “This is a rulin g 
that would affect every lawsuit with 
more than one defendant’ ’ 

The ruling calls for the documents to 
be delivered within 30 days. It allows 
the industry 30 days to appeal the de- 

U.S. Says Teamsters 
Still Attract the Mob 

WASHINGTON — The Justice 
Department has warned that continued 
federal government supervision of the 
Teamsters union is needed to keep it 
out of the hands of organized crime. 

John Keeney, the acting head of the 
Justice Department’s criminal divi- 
sion, told a House subcommittee in- 
vestigating financing in the 1996 
Teamsters election that the mob still 
wanted to control the union. 

Mr. Keeney said Wednesday that it 
was important for the government to 
supervise the union's coining rerun 
election for national officers. Failure 
to supervise the election, he said, 
“could serve as a green light to cor- 
ruption and organized crime.” 

He gave no details of what he called 
the latest mob menace to the union. 

Government supervision of the 
Teamsters elections was agreed to as 
part of a 1 989 consent decree between 
the union and the Justice Department 
to settle a civil racketeering case tiled 
by the government, which alleged 
that the Teamsters were controlled by 
the mob. 

The government .supervised both 
the first election in 1&91 and a second 
in 1996. 

The Teamsters paid the costs of the 
first election, but the government 
agreed to pay for the second, and has 
riy $20 milli 

legislation. The 60-second radio spots 
name senators and accuse them of 
standing in the way of changing the 
current system, which allows unlim- 
ited “soft money" donations to polit- 
ical parties from corporations, labor 
unions and individuals. 

“Tell them to stop blocking re- 
form," the ads say. "And ask them, 
whose side are you on?" 

The ads cite both Colorado sen- 
ators, Wayne Allard and Ben 
Nighthorse Campbell; both Indiana 
senators, Don Coats and Richard 
Lugar, both Kansas senators, Sam 
Brown back and Pat Roberts, and Sen- 
ator Chuck Hagel of Nebraska. 

The radio campaign uses a tech- 
nique, known as “issue advocacy," 
that Common Cause criticized in con- 
junction with the 1996 elections and 
that the McCain-Feingold legislation 
would limit. 

Under the bill, groups could not 
name individual candidates within 60 
days of an election unless they com- 
plied with federal election rules re- 
quiring disclosure and restricting 

Common Cause’s president, Ann 
McBride, said there was no contra- 
diction between the group’s criticism 
of issue advocacy ads by the Demo- 
cratic and Republican National Com- 
mittees and others and its use of the 
technique to round up support for 
McCain-Feingold. (WP) 

Hgrcca to pay ror tne second, ana nas /i . /rj , 

spent nearly $20 million. (WP) fJUOtB/ UTUJUO 16 

Reformers on Radio 

Cause and Campaign for America, 
lobbying to change the campaign fi- 
nance system, are launching a 
$50,000 radio advertising effort 
aimed at encouraging Republican 
senators in four states to support the 
McCain-Feingold campaign finance 

Representative John Conyers Jr., 
Democrat of Michigan, taunting Re- 
publicans on the House Judiciary 
Committee as they pressed Attorney 
General Janet Reno to name a special 
prosecutor to look into White House 
fund-raising: “Let’s get another Ken 
Stare! That's just what the nation 
needs, folks. Thirty million dollars 
spent and the only thing he knows is 
Vince Foster has died." (NYT) 

Away From 


• The 44 million Americans getting 

Social Security checks will see them 
grow by only 2.1 percent next year, 
the lowest cost-of-living raise in a 
decade. The adjustment means the 
average monthly check received by 
retired people will rise by $16, to 
$765. ( AP ) 

• A driver's education teacher 
resigned in Durham, North Carolina, 
after he was accused of ordering a 

student driver to chase down a mo- 
torist who had cut them off, inter- 
cepting the driver and then punching 
the man in the face. The teacher, 
David Cline, had been suspended by 
the school over the incident [AP] 

• A 25-year-old woman pleaded 
guilty to charges of selling 
marijuana from die drive-through 
window of the fast-food restaurant in 
Pontiac, Michigan, where she 
worked. The police began investi- 
gating after students from schools 
near the restaurant told them of the 
convenient marijuana outlet (AP) 

Welfare Law Collides With Mississippi Delia Poverty 

By Jason DeParle 

Sere York Times Service 

GREENVILLE, Mississippi — While 
President Bill Clinton has declared “the de- 
bate is over — we know now that welfare 
refrain works." the hard-luck counties of the 
Mississippi Delta show the difficulties that 
con emerge when tough laws collide with a 

V weak economy. 

The welfare rolls have fallen sharply across 
this 200-mile (320-ktf omeier) stretch of cot- 
ton fields and catfish farms, as they have in 
most of the country. But with unemployment 
rates hovering in die Delta at 10 percent or 
more, many of those leaving the rolls are 
failing to find jobs. During one recent period, 
the families dropped from welfare for vi- 
olating the new work rules outnumbered those 
placed in jobs by a margin of nearly two to 

And the penalties in Mississippi are the 
nation's toughest. Those who miss appoint- 
ments or decline work assignments surrender 
not only their entire cash grant, but all of their 
family's food stamps and the medical in- 
surance of adults. Across the Delta, mothers 
\iropped from the welfare rolls axe now turn- ■ 
ing to relatives, boyfriends or other federal 
programs — most notably disability pay- 
ments — or traveling long distances in search 

Maggie Miller lost her benefits and with her 

children moved in with her sister, raising die 
number of children in the two-bedroofn house 
to 15. 

Patricia Watson worked a single day at a 
distant catfish-processing plant but quit after 
returning home to discover that her baby- 
sitter could not find her 6-year-old daughter. 

Curley Barron threw up her hands and 
returned her niece and nephew to foster care. 
Busy caring for her ailing mother, she refused 
to join a work program and therefore lost the 
$435 in cash and food stamps she was re- 
ceiving for the children’s monthly support. 

Scenarios like these are what critics feared 
would happen when die landmark welfare 
reformer was passed last year, ending the 
guarantee of federal welfare aid to the poor 
and transferring money and authority fra: wel- 
fare to die states. While some states might 
make good use of their vast new autonomy, 
they said, others would prove unwilling or 
unable to construct safety nets of their own. 

Mindful of this state's low rankings on 
most socioeconomic scales, they summarized 
their fears with a frequent refrain: “What 
about Mississippi?” 

The same could be asked of other states, 
particularly in the South, that combine, high 
poverty rates with low spending. But the 
poverty in the Delta has historically run the 
highest in the country, and the spending levels 
the lowest. 

Mississippi's Republican governor, Kirk 

Fordice, is known for the vehemence of his 
anti-government .views. And with black fam- 
ilies making up more than 80 percent of case- 
loads, die welfare reductions inevitably re- 
mind critics of the state’s difficult racial past. 

For all its unique regional features, the 
Mississippi Delta — the poorest region in the 
poorest state — may offer broader lessons for 
the nation’s great welfare experiment 
Though many states with robust economies 
are boasting of- early success in cutting wel- 
fare rolls, they could find themselves em- 
broiled in struggles similar to the one in 
Mississippi should their job markets falter. 

Mississippi officials blame the old system 
for letting joblessness and teenage parenthood 
become a norm among the poor in the'Delta, 
and almost everyone agrees that the program 
needed to change. 

Officials here say the tough new rules dis- 
courage those who do not really need the help 
from asking for it 

. Andnot all areas in the state resemble those 
in the Delta. The Guff Coast and Tupelo are 
booming, and the. statewide unemployment 
rate has averaged just 5.6 percent so far this 
year, only slightly higher than the national 
rate of 5 j percent 

Mississippi also has an advantage over its 
neighbors: It has run experimental programs 
fear several years, accumulating what officials 
call a wealth of important lessons. 

Even in the Delta some women say the new 

work rules gave them the push they needed to 
find employment 

“I thought it was going to be hard, but it 
wasn’t,”, said Felicia Fields, 22, the new 
receptionist at C unningham 's Insurance in 
Greenville, who was hired a few weeks after 
taking a job-search class. 

Stiff, the difficulty of putting principle into 
practice is particularly evident in a region like 
this, where jobs and child care are scarce, 
education levels are low, distances are great 
andpublic transportation does not exist 

Though the new watchword is self-suf- 
ficiency, tile region’s plantation economy was 
originally built on the opposite premise. 
Hugely profitable for a handful of white plant- 
ers, it relied on a subjugated army of alack 
sharecroppers kept dependent by design. 

A poverty belt this large would prove vex- 
ing under any circumstances. And Missis- 
sippi’s welfare program also receives the na- 
tion’s smallest annual federal subsidy — about 
$2,100 per family compared with a national 
average of $4,100. It is less than a third of the 
$7,200 per family given to the nation’s most 
heavily subsidized state, Wisconsin. 

The reason for such a huge disparity is that 
under the new federal program, called Tem- 
porary Assistance to Needy Families, federal 
subsidies are tied to past state spending levels, 
and Mississippi’s have been the nation 's low- 
est The state offers a moths- with two chil- 
dren just $120 a month. 





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A U.S. Murder Slows Aids to Israel 

The Associmed Press 

WASHINGTON — Congress is holding 
back some of the $3 billion in foreign aid 
destined for Israel, in part bccanse of faat 

.man of [be House appropnanms sutom- 
■ that oversees foreign aid, said Wedms- 
'day the panel was withholding coMidmnoo 
of 575 million ™ economic 
such rime as we can resolve how Middle East 
funding is going' to be divided. 

The spokesman, Jo Bonner, acknowledged 
thai Mr. Callahan and other members of Con- 
gress were concerned about Israel’s refusal to 
extradite' Samuel Sheinbein, a teenager 
charged in the killing and dismemberment of 
another Maryland teenager. 

Israel is holding Mr. Sheinbein while Dying 
to determine the validity of his claim to Israeli 

Mr. Sheinbein, whose father claims Israeli 
citizenship, had never been to Israel until 
fleeing there after the murder he is accused of 
committing. Israeli law requires that citizens 
be tried in Israel, even for crimes committed 

A Sharp Rise in Genital Herpes 

The As&k'hired Press 


33 ffisds»=* 

other sexual! 

appear to be 

The center 

mi — - — 

,«Sf«ivc ■■. *Sk l HSi 555 - 

£ ‘£lyno, covered by a coodom. 

One reason for concern is that heipes sores 
may make a person more vulnerable to being 
infected by the AIDS virus, the researchers 
said in the study, published Thursday in the 
New Tfrigland Journal of Medicine. 

Experts said it was time to take action on 
herpes. They said new steps could include 
screening for it in patients az clinics for sexu- 
alN transmitted diseases. 

The data were gathered between 1988 and 
1994 and compared with a similar study done 
. from 1976 to 1980. The results [suggest that 45 
million Americans have genitalherpes, in- 
cluding 18 percent ofwhites and 46 percent of 
blacks. People can transmit the virus to a sex 
■ partner even if they do not have symptoms. 


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Tamil Bombing Tied 
To U.S. Terror Listing 

Blast Broke 15-Month Lull in Attacks 

By John F. Bums 

Sew York Tones Srrrke 

COLOMBO — The truck bomb 
that exploded in the centra] business 
district here, killing IS people and 
wounding more than 100 otters, ap- 
peared to end the 15 -month lull in a 
bombing campaign by separatist 
Tamil Tiger guerrillas, Sri La nk a n 
officials and Western diplomats say. 

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil 
Eelam, who were among the 30 
groups identified as terrorist orga- 
nizations by the U.S. State Depart- 
ment last week, issued a statement in 
London denying involvement in the 
attack. In denying responsibility, 
Anton Raja, the group's spokesman, 
said, “We are not foolish enough to 
think that such an attack would ben- 
efit our struggle." 

Bui Sri Lankan government of- 
ficials noted that the rebels routinely 
denied involvement in similar past 
attacks and that the latest incident 
bore “all the hallmarks ” of a Tamil 
Tiger operation. 

After the attack Wednesday, of- 
ficials here said they doubted it was 
a coincidence that the bombing re- 
sumed a week after the U.S. terrorist 
list was published. 

“We were afraid that this would 
happen,” a senior official said. 
“We hoped the Americans would 
include me Tigers on the list, and we 
urged them to do it, but we rec- 
ognized all along that this could 
remove the only reason for suspeod- 
ingthe bombings." 

The attack was the first to cause 
extensive injuries among foreign- 
ers, mainly tourists and business 
travelers staying at two popular 
five-star hotels near the site of the 
explosion. The government said that 
the foreigners taken to hospitals, 
mainly with injuries from flying 
glass, included seven Americans. 

The government said that the 
more than 100 wounded included 
people from Britain. France, Japan. 
Singapore, Jordan. Australia. 
Canada. Cuba. Egypt, India, the 
Netherlands. South Korea. Leba- 
non, Malaysia, Pakistan, Saodi Ara- 
bia and Sweden. 

Western diplomats said that the 
Tamil Tiger leader, Velnpillai Prab- 
hakaran, is dependent on ethnic 
Tamils in Western countries to fi- 
nance the rebels' effort to set up a 
separate Tamil state, and he wished 

to avoid the American terrorist list 
because it would hurt fund-raising 

Another reason suggested by dip- 
lomats for the Tiger; attacking in 
an area where foreigners stay was 
the growing military help being 
offered to the Sri Lankan forces by 
Western countries, including Bri- 
tain and the United States. 

Mr. Prabhakaran, who makes his 
headquarters in the northern jungles 
of the island nation, and other senior 
Tiger officials, have repeatedly 
warned that Western nations provid- 
ing military support to Sri Lanka 
were exposing their citizens to pos- 
sible attack. 

■ President Vows to Press On 
president Chandrika Bandara- 
nalke Kumaratunga vowed Thursday 
that the violence in the capital would 
not affect her quest to end die 14 
i of ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, 
iters reported from Colombo. 
Tie police, meanwhile, said they 
had arrested three people they sus- 
pect were involved in the blast Wed- 
nesday. The three were arrested at 
Colombo’s main railway station as 
.they boarded a train to the northern, 
government-held town of Vavuniya. 

The police said that they were 
being interrogated and that a special 
force was searching for two other 
suspects. They also said that about 
100 people were detained Wednes- 


Buddhist monks carrying the coffin of a fellow monk killed in the bombing attributed to Tamil rebels. 

day for questioning but that most of 
them had been released. 

Army troops set up checkpoints 
and cordoned off die "rnnadiate site 
of the explosion. 

The blast, which- crippled a por- 
tion of the capital’s financial dis- 
trict, severely damaged three hotels 
and several office buildings, includ- 
ing the World Trade Center that 
houses the stock exchange. 

The dead were all Sri Lankans, 
and included five rebels and a sol- 

Bulldozers moved wrecked 
vehicles from the parking lot of die 
Galadari Hotel on Thursday, where 
the bomb was detonated, and work- 
ers were cleaning op around the 
damagwi buildings, while others 
marie arraggiimwiK to Shift offices 
destroyed by the explosion. 

The Defense Ministry, meanwhile, 
said government troops, lolled 13 
rebels Wednesday as figfatiBg esca- 
lated near the town ofKanakanayak- 
nlam, on a cr ucial northern highway 
that the army is trying to recapture. 

The truck, bomb was set off near 
the site of an explosion in January 
1996 that killed 100 people and that 
was also blamed on the Liberation 

INDIA: Global Environmental Concerns Clash With Soaring Energy Needs 

Continued from Page 1 

energy is posing a threat to the en- 

India emits a higher level of 
greenhouse gases than any other de- 
veloping nation except China. But 
both huge nations are way behind 
die world’s biggest pollmer — the 
United States, the source of 22per- 
cent of emissions worldwide. China 
emits 1 1 percent; India 3 percent. 

But China and India rank first and 
second in the world, respectively, in 
the rates at which their emissions are 
increasing. According to one esti- 
mate, developing countries' emis- 
sions may surpass those of the de- 
veloped world in less than three 

In December, representatives of 

more than 130 nations are to meet in 
Kyoto, Japan, to discuss proposed 
targets for reducing emissions in 
developed countries. Pressed by 
Congress, die Clinton administra- 
tion has lobbied for developing na- 
tions also to cut their emissions. 

At previous environmental con- 
ferences riw^ riff Phina anri In- 
dia have resisted malting any bind- 
ing commitments to reduce 

“Any cap on their emissions is a 
rap on their development, which 
they are not willing to accept," said 
Anil AgarwaL India’s leading en- 

In general, Indian conservation- 
ists tend to favor development that 
pr otects the envi ronm ent without 
dampening economic advancement 

igamai Nath, the fo rmer environ- 
ment minis ter who led India’s del- 
egation to foe 1992 Earth Summit in ‘ 
Rjo de Janeiro, argues that a sense of 
global equity requires that devel- 
opment take priority for India. 

“You gbt it all, and you continue 
to do it," Mr. Nath said, referring to 
rich countries, which emit almost 
two-thirds of all greenhouse gases. 
“I took die point of view that de- 
veloping countries cannot subsidize 
the prosperity of developed coun- 
tries." , 

India generates about 70 percent 
of its electricity by burning coaL 
While other, cleaner sources of en- 
ergy could meet its needs and pol- 
lute less, they would cost more or be 
difficult to develop. 

- Hydroelectric dams are India’s 

second-largest source of power, but 
proposals to build hew ones- have 
stalled in a country where rivers are 
worshipped and ownership of farm- 
land, even a tiny plot, is equated 
with economic security. India’s nu- 
clear plants have a poor safely re- 
cord and remain anominal source of 
power at best 

But rather than pursue costly al- 
ternatives, India could continue to 
rely on oral power while reducing 
omissions through improving tech- 
nology, some analysts say. Using 
new technology, the United States 
helped a coal-fired -plant that sup- 
plies half of New Delhi’s electricity 
to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 
18,000 tons last year. The plant’s 
efficiency also rose slightly, by one- 
half of a percentage point 

Americans Meet With Burmese 


A ^e^vernmeotsaid that the four-m^nber delegation, 

led by Michael Annacost, a former U.S. amb^dorto 
Japan and foe Philippines, met for two bouts wifokhm 
Nytot, secretary-general of foe State Law and Order 

on the talks was nwde, but political 
analystsheresaid foe delegation was seeking topersuade 
the junta and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to open talks. 

The delegation met Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on 
Wednesday, according to members of her political party, 
the National League for Democracy. Kent Wiedemann, 
charge d’aftexTof foe U.S. Embassy m Rangoon, fdso 
gtt^rifrri the meeting, they said. (Reuters) 

Fuel Oil Fouls Singapore Strait 

SINGAPORE — An empty Thai supertanker and a ship 
half its size collided Thursday in the Singapore Strait, 
sending 25,000 tons of fuel ofl gushing into foe shipping 
lanes of one of foe world’s most congested routes. 

The authorities said foe Cwms-registered tanker 
Evolkos spilled foe oil after colliding with foe Thai tanker 
OrapinGlobaL . . . 

Some of foe thick oil was said to be washing op on foe 
beaches of three offshore islands, the Singaporean au- 
thorities sa id, but clean-up efforts had kept it from 
reaching the main island of Singapore. (Reuters) 

Suharto Edges Toward 7ihTerm 

JAKARTA — President Suharto of Indonesia moved 
another step Thursday toward certain re-election when 
the governing Golkar Patty said it would nominate me 
retired five-star general for a seventh consecutive term. 

The official Antara news agency quoted party officials 
as saying that choosing Mr. Suharto, who has ruled foe 
nation for 32 years, was the “people’s wish.” 

Mr. Suharto had no comment on the decision, but he 
was scheduled to address the party on Sunday,. when he 
might announce his acceptance of the nomination. (AP) 

China and Selective Abortion 

BEIJING — Some villagers still kill baby girls in 
China, where families see a boy as far more desirable, 
researchers said Thursday at the 23d General Population 

Although female infanticide was increasingly rare, 
they said, foe selective abortion of female fetuses made 
possible by modem technology was becoming far more 
widespread. “Female infanticide is still practiced, but it’s 
not that common," said Zhu Chuzhn, a professor at the 
Center for Women Studies at Xi’an Jiaotong University. 

’ ‘People do not think the act has much to do with the law. 
Others do not care, because usually they regard this as a 
family matter, a private issue,’’ she said. 

“People know killing baby girls is somehow wrong, 
but they don't see it as murder,” said a family planning 
official from an impoverished rural area, who identified 
herself only by her surname, Luo. (Reuters) 



l l 


Special assembly of the minority shareholders of the Hellenic 
Telecommunications Organization SJL 
(Registration number 347/06/Bf 86/ 10). 

Pursuant to the Law and the Company’s Articles of Association and fol- 
lowing decision of the Board of Directors, taken on 16/10/1997, the 
Shareholders of the Societe Anonyme, under the denomination “Hellenic 
Telecommunications Organization S.A." are hereby invited to participate in 
the 2nd Special Assembly, to be held in Athens, on Wednesday, 
19/11/1997, at 12.00 hours in the Holiday Inn Hotel (50 Michalakopoulou 
str.) to discuss and debate upon the following: 

1. Election of one additional minority Shareholders representative 
and deputy representative to the Board of Directors 
of OTE, pursuant to Article 11 of Law 2257/94, 
as modified by Article 2 of Law 2374/96. 

In order to participate, in person or by proxy, in the said Special Assembly 
Shareholders must, in conformance with the Law and the Company’s 
Articles of Association, deposit their share certificates with any bank in 
Greece or abroad; the Consignations and Loans Fund; or OTE’s Treasury 
(99, Kifissias Ave. Maroussi), at least five (5) calendar days before the 
appointed date for the Special Assembly. By the same deadline, 
Shareholders must also deposit the Share Depository Receipts as well as 
the proxy forms with OTE’s Share Registration Office, at 15 Stadiou Street, 

Finally, in view of facilitating the process, Shareholders are requested to 
propose, if so they wish, a candidate for the above-mentioned election. 
Each Shareholder may propose one (1) candidate. 

By authorisation of the Board of Directors 

D. Papoulias 

Athens 16.10.1997 



2d Group Calls Algeria Truce 

PARIS — A militant Muslim , 
become foe second such group to 

in Algeria has 
a temporary 

cease-fire, Algerian newspapers reported Thursday. The 
newspaper Liberte said foe Armed Jihad Islamic Front 
“has just announced in a communique a halt to its 
terrorist actions." The group is also known as foe Al- 
gerian Jihad Islamic Front 

The Front which targeted intellectuals it believed 
shaped Algerian society and thinking, reportedly also 
made several demands, notably for foe release of leaders 
of the Islamic Salvation Front a party that was dissolved 
by the government It gave no time Limit for the cease-fire, 
suggesting it would wait for a response to its demands. 

In September, the main armed wing opposing tire 
government the Islamic Salvation Army, announced a 
cease-fire beginning Oct 1. It said foe move was to 
expose rival guerrillas of the Armed Islamic Group, 
which it blamed for massacres of civilians. (Reuters) 

Panama to Let Journalist Stay 

PANAMA CITY — The Panamanian government has 
decided to allow a Peruvian journalist itonginally wanted 
to deport to stay in the country. Labor Minister Mitchell 
Doens extended the work permit of Gustavo Gorriti, a 
prize-winning investigative jonmalist who is an associate 
editor of La Prensa, a leading Panamanian daily. 

“We have granted a wade permit for one year to 
Gustavo Gorriti," Mr. Doens said. Mr. Gorriti. 49, was 
served deportation papers last month after his one-year 
work permit expired. U.S. officials said his case was 
quietly raised with foe authorities by Hillary Rodham 
Clinton during her visit to Panama last week. 

Human rights groups and politicians had assailed the 
government of wanting to deport Mr. Gorriti. (Reuters) 

First Iraqi Census Since 1987 

BAGHDAD — Iraqis stayed home Thursday as the 
country conducted its first census in 10 years. 

About 150,000 officials fanned out across the country 
to conduct a national census that may shed some light on 
foe toll taken by the Iran-Iraq War, which ended in 1988, 
and the Gulf War, which has brought seven years of 
crippling UN economic sanctions. At the last census, in 
1987, Iraq had a population of J 6.287,3 16. (Reuters) 

For the Record 

The United Nations has approved $2Jj million in 
emergency food aid to 12,200 Nicaraguan foraHias dev- 
astated by a severe drought, UN officials said. (Reuters) 

U.S. Push for Vote 
Hits Serb Defiance 

By Raymond Bonner 

New York Times Service 

VIENNA — Washington’s 
desire for an election in the 
Serb-controlled region of 
Bosnia to shore up relative 
moderates there is facing con- 
tinuing resistance from Mos- 
cow and Belgrade, diplomats 
here said. 

The election has been 
called by foe Bosnian Serb 
president, Biljana Plavsic, 
who is waging a bitter and 
sometimes violent struggle 
for power against foe former 
president, Radovan Karadzic, 
the Serbian hard-liner who 
has been indicted for war 

With strong backing from 
Washington and London, 
Mrs. Plavsic wants foe elec- 
tion limited to foe Parliament, 
believing that she could win 
enough seats to give her con- 
trol over the government, 
which she does not now have. 
Her opponents want a pres- 
idential election as weD, be- 
lieving that Momcilo Krajis- 
nik, a Karadzic loyalist, and 
the Serbian member of Bos- 
nia’s tripartite presidency, 
could best her . 

This latter outcome is just 
what the Clinton administra- 
tion fears, though it is couch- 
ing its opposition to a pres- 
idential election largely on 
constitutional grounds, U.S. 
officials said. 

Russia has indicated that it 
might go along with a leg- 
islative election if there were 
a commitment to a presiden- 
tial election at a de finit e date, 
even if that date was next 
officials involved in 
negotiations said. 

Washington is not enam- 
ored of this idea, but has hot 
rejected it out of hand.' 




Rivo Droifo - Pari» tie 


BOOWNGS: 01 42259610 ^FORMATION: 01 40 76 39 99 MNTTB.3615MOUCHE5 t.27 Fftnn 

As with much of its Balkan 
polity these days, Washing- 
ton is playing a loud, high- 
visibility role. And other than 
Britain, there is not a lot of 
enfousia&n for the idea of 
elections of any kind, Euro- 
pean diplomats here said 

France and Germany have 
been quietly skeptical that 
elections will effectively 
change the political scene in 
Bosnia, though Russia has 
take d foe lead in expressing 
reservations about elections, 

. a senior European diplomat 

Unless a decision is made 
within the next day or two, 
there will not be any elec- 
tions, officials with the Or- 
ganization for Security and 
Cooperation in Europe 

The issue will be taken up 
again Friday in Rome by foe 
so-called Contact Group on 

"It’s up to Pale, ’ ’ a senior 
European diplomat at the or- 
ganization said Thursday 
evening about whether or 
not the elections would go 
forward. Mr. Karadzic. Mr. 
Krajisnik and their hard-line 
backers have their 
headquarters in Pale; Mrs. 
Plavsic, a strong, but some- 
what less strident national- 
ist, operates out of Banja 

Mr. Krajisnik has said that 
he would not cooperate with 
foe assembly election and 
could not guarantee the safety 
of election monitors. If he 
sticks to that position, the 
European security organiza- 
tion could not justify foe ex- 
pense of holding the election, 
organization officials said. 

Whether Mr. Krajisnik can 
be moved depends largely on 
Moscow and Belgrade, U.S. 
and European diplomats said. 
After weeks of balking at any 
elections, Moscow late last 
month agreed ro a parliamen- 
tary election, bur on the con- 
dition that there be a pres- 
idential vote as well. 

Moscow’s position came 
as a surprise to officials of the 
Clinton administration, 
which thought that after many 
weeks of hard diplomacy, it 
had persuaded Moscow to ac- 
cept assembly elections with- 
out conditions. 

pe-, , 

TF ’ 




t Prodi Is Back, 
But Industrial 
Tensions Rise 


■ROME — Prime Minister Romano 
Prodi, ending a political war only to risk 
a potential tattle on the industrial front, 
won a confidence vote in Parliament on 
Thursday to restore his center-left gov- 
ernment to power. 

Mr. Prodi won the vote in the Cham- 
ber of Deputies, the lower house, by a 
vote of 319 to 285, with 2 abstentions, 
formally ending a political crisis that 
could have jeopardized Italy's hopes of 
becoming a founding member of 
Europe's planned single currency. 

A second vote, in the Senate, was due 
later Thursday, but the result was a 
foregone conclusion since Mr. Prodi 's 
1 7-month-old government enjoys a 
comfortable majority there. 

The vote was secured a week after 
Mr. Prodi resigned when the Refounded 
Communists refused to back his deficit- 
cutting budget for 1998. But the crisis 
ended Tuesday when the Communist 
legislators, on whose votes Mr. Prodi 
depends to pass legislation, agreed to a 
revised budget package. 

The biggest government concession 
in the deal was a pledge to introduce a 
draft law in January to cut the workweek 
to 35 hours from 40 by 200 1 . a proposal 

Aptu r Fnum- 

Students marching in Rome on Thursday to back their demands for reforms in the Italian education system. - 

that has drawn criticism from employers 
and unions. In a speech to the chamber 
before the vote, Mr. Prodi appealed to 
unions and employers to keep an open 
mind and begin talks. He said die gov- 
ernment wanted to cooperate with Kith. 

'“We have absolutely no desire to 
reduce their role,” he said. “With them, 
we want to reform the welfare state and 
we want to work out when and how to go 
about reducing the workweek. Nego- 
tiations must start again immediately." 

Unions and the employers federation, 
Confindustria, say that cutting the 
workweek would wreck efforts to re- 
duce (he jobless rate, about 12 percent 
nationwide and 22 percent in the im- 
poverished south. Confindustria also 
has estimated that the reduction would 
increase labor costs as much as 1 1 per- 

On Thursday, the federation said it 
would decide whether to freeze the re- 
newal of current and future contracts 


EU Approves More Talks 
To Settle Sanctions Fight 

only after talks with unions and the 

Unions, normally expected to favor 
shorter working hours, say the issue is 
not a lop priority. “The first is job 
security, the second is salaries," Pietro 
Larizza. secretary-general of the Uil un- 
ion, told the newspaper La Stamps. 

“Cutting the working week is the 
cherry on the cake,” he added. “What I 
see is that we're at risk of losing the cake 
to secure the cherrv." 

In 0» Staff FiriBiDlifMhn 

BRUSSELS — The European Union 
approved on Thursday further negoti- 
ations with the United States to settle 
their dispute over trade with Cuba, 
Libya and Tran. 

After a meeting at EU headquarters, 
envoys from the 15 member nations said 
they were “disappointed" that talks 
Wednesday had railed to resolve dif- 
ferences over U.S. laws that punish for- 
eign companies that trade with the three 

’But European diplomats said the EU 
nations had agreed that the negotiators 
should be given more time to find a 

At issue are two U.S. laws that 
Europe rejects as an illegal effort to 
apply its rules on a global scope: the 
Helras-Burton Act against Cuba, which 
calls for sanctions against any foreign 
company that takes over property ex- 
propriated by the Communist govern- 
ment. and the Iran-Libya sanctions act, 
which seeks to penalize companies that 
trade with those two nations. 

The EU had threatened to lodge a 
formal complaint with the World Trade 
Organization unless an agreement was 
reached by midnight Wednesday. 

But EU negotiators, citing progress, 
said the discussions should resume next 
week in Paris. Union rules dictated that 

the decision to extend the talks need - .! 
backing from the member nations. w >•* 
a statement agreed to bv the EU nw.- 
isters here — which still had to 
approved by each capital — the Uni-». 
expressed frustration that no deal H.m 
been reached by the deadline. 

They statement stopped short, ho.-, 
ever, of suspending the talks, as sot*». 
members had called for. 

The statement said the EU ‘ ‘can on i> 
express its disappointment,’* and went 
on to say: “In these conditions, a periuu 
of reflection is necessary while we aw.»:: 
a more flexible approach fawn f .v 
United States." (AP. Reuters. Ah'> 

■ Nods to Romania and Biiljjarw 

The EU commissioner in charge .«'• 

. enlargement and relations with Eastc:,i 
Europe said he would stress the i'Y. 
portance of membership for BuJgars.. 
and Romania during his trip to the tv • 
countries, which began Tliursday. Rcu 
ters reported. 

“The commission's work will not re- 
done until both Romania and Bulgaiu. 
are full members of the European Un 
ion," Hans van den Broek said. 

The EU executive body left the ti*« 

countries off a list of Eastern states that n 
said in July should be invited to join tin 
EU in a first enlargement wave, arguing 
they were not economically ready. 

Yeltsin Refuses to Fire Liberals 
To Get a Deal With Communists 

MOSCOW — President Boris Yeltsin and Prime Minister 
Viktor Chernomyrdin firmly ruled out on Thursday the 
sacrifice of any liberal cabinet members to appease their 
Communist opponents in a battle in Parliament over eco- 
nomic reforms. 

“The president does not see any need to discuss personnel 
changes in the government," Mr. Yeltsin's press secretary, 
Sergei Yasrzzhembsky, told reporters. He also criticized 
“totally unrealistic demands" being made by some in 

Earlier, a senior Communist legislator said the dismissal 
of First Deputy Prime Minister Anatoli Chubais, architect of 
free market reforms, could well be one of the opposition’s 
demands in return for dropping a no-confidence vote in the 
government. (Reuters) 

Kohl Aims to Hold On Until 2002 

BONN — Helmut Kohl announced his intention Thurs- 
day to become the longest-serving chancellor in German 
history by staying in office until the year 2002. 

Mr. Kohl, who had already said he planed to run for a 
record fifth term in the next general election, in September 
1998, used a television interview to douse speculation that 
he planned to stand down in midterm. 

Mr. Kohl, 67, has already become Germany's longest 
serving chancellor this century by leading his center-right 
coalition since 1982. Staying until 2002 would take him past 
the 19 years that Otto von Bismarck served in the last 

the 19 years 


Nurse Facing a Lighter Sentence 

LONDON — Deborah Parry, a British nurse on trial in the 
killing of an Australian colleague in Saudi Arabia, laces a 
moderate jail sentence now that the victim’s brother has 
waived his right to seek the death penalty, the Saudi am- 
bassador to Britain said Thursday. 

The envoy, Ghazi Algosaibi, also said that Frank Gil- 
ford’s decision to spare Miss Parry, accused of murdering 
his sister. Yvonne, last December, would allow the court to 
review the judgment already passed on her colleague, Lu- 
cille McLauchlan. 

Mr. Gilford said in Adelaide on Wednesday that he had 
waived his right under Saudi law to demand the beheading of 
Miss Parry in exchange for payment of $1.24 million 
donated by British companies. (Reuters) 

Oslo Coalition Vows Moderation 

OSLO — Norway’s next prime minister, Kjell Magne 
Bondevik. presented a three-party coalition government 
Thursday that vows a new political course without dramatic 
policy changes. 

Mr. Bondevik, a Christian Democrat, succeeds Thor- 
bjoem Jagland of the Labor Party on Friday. 

Mr. Jagland resigned because of a disappointing result in 
the September national election, ending seven years of 
Labor minority rule. 

The centrist coalition of the Christian Democrats, the 
Center Party and the Liberals has just 42 seats in the 165-seat 
Parliament. (AP) 

Swiss Account Average: $138 

ZURICH — Swiss investigators confirmed Thursday that 
the latest batch of dormant bank accounts from the Nazi era 
contained only small amounts — on average 200 Swiss 
francs ($138). 

The smallest account contains a mere 1 centime, now 
worth less than a U.S. penny. Nearly 80,000 unclaimed 
accounts — most of them in the names of Swiss citizens — 
have been found in the latest search by Swiss banks. (AP) 


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Turkish F-16s 
Harassed Its 
Military Jet, 
(Greece Says 

i i uptfi iJ tn 4»ur "li.ff Fni u fio|«A An 

! ATHENS — Greece said Thursday 
that Turkish warplanes buzzed a mil- 
itary transport plane carrying Defense 
Minister Akis Tsohatzopoulos over 
lijie Aegean Sea in the second such 
incident this week. 

1 Mr. Tsohatzopoulos. who was re- 
timing home after joint military ex- 
ercises between Greek and Greek 
Cjypriot forces on Cvprus. accused 
Turkey of acting like an ‘’interna- 
t fonal troublemaker. * ’ He said Turkey 
tjiK using “Cold War methods.” 

1 Bui other government officials ap- 
peared keen to play down the in- 
cident. A Greek government spokes- 
man. Dimitris Rcppas. said it was 
important to remain calm and not 
exacerbate the situation. 

, "I hope Turkey overcomes its Cold 
War hang-ups.” he said. “Such pro- 
vpcativc henavior entails dangers to 
human life. We must all be more 
! levelheaded." 

> Athens said the minister's C-130 
Hercules plane, which also carried his 
wile, senior Greek military officers and 
reporters, was harassed by four Turkish 
Fi- 1 os in Greek airspace over the south- 
ern Aegean island of Carpnthcs. 

| "The Turkish fighters came very 
close to the C-130." a Greek Defense 
\1inistry official said. “As close as 
100 meters.” 

He viid Greek fighters intercepted 
the Turks, who eventually withdrew. 

in Ankara, an official at Turkey's 
military headquarters said he had no 
inlonnation about the incident. 

‘ Bui the Turkish press has said 


AUTUMN CLEANING — Villagers in Ernst-Thaelmann-Siedlung, near the East German city of 
Frankfurt an der Oder, clearing rubble Thursday from the summer flood disaster before winter comes. 

Turkish F- 16 jets have begun flying 
over Cyprus armed with live ammuni- 
tion for the first rime in 10 months 
because of the exercises. 

Greece and Turkey. NATO allies, 
have been playing cal-.ind-mousc 
war games in Aegean airspace and 
over Cyprus for the past five days, 
with their fighter planes involved in 
dozens of sorties and mock dog- 

The two countries are at odds over 
territorial differences in the Aegean 
Sea and over the island of Cyprus, 
divided since 1974. when Turkish 
forces occupied its nonhem third. 

Greece said Monday that Mr. Tso- 
hatzopoulos 's plane had been buzzed 
in a region monitored by commercial 
air traffic controllers and in which 
flight plans are required. Turkey con- 
tends that military jets from allied 
countries do not always have to file 
such plans. 

"If Turkey continues such beha- 
vior. it is in danger of sliming into 
practices reminiscent of the Cold War 
period.” Mr. Tsohatzopoulos said 
after landing on the Greek island of 
Crete. "It exposes itself irrevocably 
as an international troublemaker.” 

(Reuters, AP) 

■ Turkey to Ignore Flight Ban 

Turkey said Thursday that it would 
□o longer abide by the U.S.-proposed 
ban on military flights over Cyprus 
because of the Greek military ex- 
ercises. Reuters reported from Ank- 

“The Greek side has ruined the 
moratorium, said Omer Akbel, a For- 
eign Ministry spokesman. "Natur- 
ally, Turkey does not see itself as tied 
to this moratorium.” 

Mr. Akbel was referring -to a year- 
old U.S. effort to have the countries 
halt armed flights over Cyprus. 

TAr A!h*ahra im C rjmjJji 



Iberia offers the greatest choice to Spain with 29 destinations to choose 
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Iberia is the best choice to Spain. For further information on Iberia's services to -'wKm 
Spain contact your local travel agent or call your nearest Iberia office direct. 

Tke Associated Press 

ASSISI, Italy — Sharp, unrelenting af : 
terehocks nearly three weeks after back-to- 
back earthquakes are gnawing at people’s 
. nerves in the lush hills of central Italy. ^ ^ . 
• Newspapers call the phenomenon the "si-' 
lent monster,’ 'and compare it. with .recalling 
malaria. Another strong aftershock — with a 
magnitude of 4.1 on the open-ended Richter 

scale— joited the region Thursday. - 

Authorities have yet to emerge from a crisis 
mode, andmosr thoughts of rebuilding are far 
in the future. 

"We’re leaving to find some calm,” said 
Fiorella Tardioli, 37, whose husband ’s family 
has lived in Assisi for 200 years. Their 18th- 
century palazzo was severely damaged: 
Cracks fan out on wails, and a tiny crevasse 
has formed in their kitchen floor. 

"The house won’t fall down, but we can’t 
live with the anxiety,” she said. 

The pair of earthquakes on SepL 26, 
centered in an area just east of Assisi, hit with a 
magnitude of 5.5 and 5.S on die Richter scale. 
Ten people were killed, and the area’s cultural 
riches were devastated — from anonymous 
medieval to was to the Basilica of Sl Francis in 
Assisi, one of -Italy’s major Christian shrines. 

Tens of thousands of people fled their 
homes — many of which were destroyed — 
and moved into in tents and campers. 

But the shock didn't end there. 

Slight tremors continued for days. Then 
another destructive shock hit Ocl 7, followed 
by one Sunday and another Tuesday. All were 
. above amagnitude of 5, said Massimo Cocco, 
a seismologist at the National Geophysical 
Institute in Rome. Ail of them aggravated 
damage to b uildings and monuments and sent 
more people in search of shelter. 

The earthquake Tuesday was felt in much 
of central and southern Italy, but worst of all 
in Sellano. about 30 kilometers (20 miles) 
southeast of Assisi. 

The township’s medieval cento' was 
severely destroyed. The city hall tower col- 
lapsed. Only half of the church tower remains. 
One two-story building lost most of its upper 
front wall. Virtually every building bad major 

“One day, you have everything, you are 
the master,” said Antonio Antonini, 48, a 
woodworker who lost his house and business. 
“Then you are nothing, and you have noth- 
ing-” . 

As he stood with a dozen dejected residents 
near the nibble of a town that once was home 
to 300 people, he planted his feet wide apart 
“Do you reel it? The earth is vibrating.’ 

The earthquake Thursday also was 
centered near Sellano and woke people in 
Rome, 180 kilometers away. There were no 
immediate reports there of damage. 

Italian seismologists say the pattern is typ- 
ical for the north -central area of the Apen- 
nines Mountains: A moderate earthquake is 
followed by weeks, if not months, of af- 
tershocks. some relatively strong. 

California earthquakes typically follow the 
same pattern. Several aftershocks followed 
the January. 1994 earthquake in Northridge in' 
Southern California, including a tembler with 
a magnitude of 5.6 on the same day and two 
more with magnitudes of 5.0 within two 
weeks. Although most of them have been too 
weak to notice.- the Northridge aftershocks 
continue to this day. 

The recent earthquake activity in Italy is 
concentrated in a band east of Assisi, about 30 
kilometers long and roughly running north 
from Nocera Umbra southeast toward Colfi- 

"It’s a region with a large quantity of 
faults, so it’s easier For energy to be released 
in a large number of small aftershocks.’ ’ said 
Francesco Ponziani. a seismologist at the 
earthquake observatory in the regional cap- 
ital, Perugia. Instruments have recorded more 
than 3,000 aftershocks since SepL 26. 

When one fault releases energy, it passes 
on the stress to a nearby faulL bringing on 

High in 

Unrelenting Aftershocks Unnerve Quake Victims 

another tremor, Mr. Cocco said. That also 
accounts for the changing epicenters. 

The relentless aftershocks can break even 
the toughest of those in this mountainous, 
cold region that breeds a patient, haidy char- 

^Maurizio Orbi, a 35-year-old Assisi po- 
liceman, said he took the tremors in strtdc 

until Sunday- , _ 

“I stayed cool, but for the first tone 1 felt 
my legs trembling” with fear, he said. Y ou 
want it to finish so you can start again and get 
on with your life.” 

After each shock, hospitals report great 
numbers of people coming to their emergency 
rooms with panic attacks. 

"If I’m sitting or lying down, my own 
pulse' scares me,' ’ said Alan Feltus, an Amer- 
ican painter who has lived in the hills near 
Assisifor 10 years. “I wonder if it’s another 

Dark circles under Mrs. Tardioli’s eyes and .. 
lingering nausea attest to her jumpy nerves. . 

“Above aU, we don't sleep. If I hear a - 
noise, I jump immediately.” she said. 

"The stress is continuous these days.” 

., .~i V • =■ r#. -• 

li - 

p J It _ 

Tajik Gunmen 
Kill 14 Guards 
Of the President 

, Campfrd by Our Sx£ Fn«i Disjoin 

DUSHANBE, Tajikistan — Several 

Thursday, killing 14 soldiers in a raid 
that raised questions about the stability 
of the Central Asian nation. 

. A force of more than 70 gunmen 
opened fire on the compound with auto- 
matic weapons and grenade launchers 
shortly beiore 3 A.M., according to the 
guard commander. Major General Gaf- 
far Mirzoyev. 

The gunmen seized two guard posts, 
and then stormed a barracks, shooting 
five sleeping officers at point-blank 
range. General Mirzoyev said. 

■ More than 20 guards were wounded in 
the ensuing battle, which raged for an 
hour and a half before the attackers were 
forced to retreat, he said. 

Some of the attackers were also killed 
and injured, but ' die number is not 

The identity of the gunmen and the 
reason for die attack have not been de- 
termined, General Mirzoyev said. The 
Tajik opposition leader, Davlai Usmon, 
blamed the attack on renegade rebel 
groups that do not recognize the authority 
of the opposition coalition, the Itar-Tass 
news agency reported Thursday. 

President Imomali Rakhmonov’s 
government-signed, a peace accord in 
June with . ■ mainly fundamentalist 
Muslim opposition groups to end a civil 
war that broke out shortly after the 
former Soviet republic became inde- 
pendent in 1991. 

The larger rebel groups have stopped 
fighting and there have been halting 
moves toward national reconciliation. 
However, sporadic clashes have con- 
tinued, mostly involving smaller rebel 
frictions dial refuse to recognize the 
peace dfeal. ' * ' 

Zafar Saidov, spokesman for Mr. 
Rakhmonov. said: "This latest armed 
action has a political aim. It's clear that 
behind diem are forces that want ro de- 
stroy the peace process here.” 

A string of unexplained bombings in 
recent weeks has made the Tajik capital 
tense. (AP. Reuters) 

Ripped Stasi Files Point a Finger 

Probers Patch Together Reports by Police and Informers 

A&ence France-Presse 

ZIRNDORF, Germany — 
Seven years after German re- 
unification. the best-kept 
secrets of the East German 
state security police, called 
the Stasi. are being pieced to- 
gether here by patient and 
committed wo risers. 

They are determined to re- 
trieve what security officials 
had desperately tried to de- 

The 45 people in the group 
are slowly and painstakingly 
reassembling . miles of 
archives tom up as Stasi op- 
eratives rushed to get rid of 
compromising papers as the 
East German regime leader- 
ship was collapsing. 

At first, the Stasi agents 
tried to stuff the documents 
into their shredding ma- 
chines, but the volume of pa- 
per was such that the shred- 
ders broke down and the work 
had to be done by hand. 

But there was' not enough 
time to bum the huge quantity 

of tom paper left behind as the 
Stasi workers fled in panic, 
fearing citizens’ wrath. 

A special commission set 
up to deal with the Stasi 
archives after reunification 
inherited 5,600 sacks full of 
fragments of reports-, letters,' 
transcripts of recordings and 
photographs, most of them 
dating from the final years of 
Communist rule, 1985 to 

About a tenth of the Stasi 
archives were torn up, said 
Johann Legner of the com- 

Documents were ripped 
furiously into dozens of small 
bits, and one sheet was even 
tom into 90 fragments, which 
members managed to sort out 
like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle 
and stick together. 

* ‘If all goes well. I can put 
together up to 30 pages a day, 
but sometimes, we- only man, 
age to do three -pages a 
week,” said Anita Fiessner 
who was seated at a table with 


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a pile of bits and pieces of 
paper that she was sorting into 
neaps according to the type of 
paper and typeface or writ- 

With nimble fingers, she 
was trying to fit together bits 
of a letter postmarked on Dec. 
12, 1980. to an address in 
West Berlin bm was inter- 
cepted by the StaSi. 

"I came across very inti- 
mate things — transcripts of 
telephone conversations, love 
letters,” she said. “It's 
frightening. unbelievable. 
They knew everything about 

The work being done at 
Zimdorf, near Nuremberg, 
has already exposed a bishop. 
Ingo BraeckJein, as a Stasi 
informer who spied on his 
flock for 30 years. 

In the West, a university 
professor in Kassel. Ludwig 
Bress, used to inform on his 
students and on a publishing 
firm, the archives showed. 

To their surprise, the work- 
ers- discovered die signature 
“Adolf Hitler" on an am- 
nesty decree, 

At-the pace the work is now 
going, it could take centuries 
before aii the papers have 
been reassembled. Since the 
beginning of 1995, the 
Zirtdorf team has pieced to- 
gether a little over 267.000 
sheets of paper — an average 
of a sack ana a half per person 
a year. 

In an effort to speed things 
up, a new method using com- 
puters to sort and assemble 
the fragments will shortly be 
tried out, Mr. Legner said, 
adding that if the method was 
a success, it could create new 
job opportunities, not just in 
Germany but abroad as well. 

New Lower 

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Real Estate Services 

^°^APflOPBnv WHUJK0 

M 2«SS?riSII!L <n 1,0,1 atea * 

gaidemg, nan 


W“*35 35 

* DQmSfte <b Cm* F-7416D Bossy 

~™* fheouent travelers nofa - 
Si aMBn * d . "*»y 

steady «* owner) proposes 

T****^ 5 ol resxlcfcB tor g« i®— •»- 

c™«wt to the prepnaoe Vjhe I 

area Far 433 46 45 29 58. 

•Rea! Estate 
ifor Sale 


Tujik t -im,,,.,, 

Kill I ! 

•M'lllr ^rc.iilihj 

coast. tot aipon. Fax 1-212 
Lease ofefs also welcome. 


tor&WT-PA ULOWaiC E 

^^^ft^K T 4bed- 

tafifrteflpert acconia ai on. 

Tel 433 (0)4 92 <Q 12 02 
Ftt t33 (0)4 92 02 » 18 

BeautUatadns PENTHOUSE 
S3 sqa. ■ fadous views orariocking 
*SS * **«k Huge terraces 135 sqm 

+ More* bellies. 

. ttrts&d 

TaHta *33 (0)4 83 64 57 63 

_ NUHARUS France 
$•**»! h real estate hrastmfe 
preposas: Has A BasMes « Prawfice. 
New and oU revenue 


French Provinces 

- f -±fr 


Ytfi. V 

>^;v t- 

•.-■** f 


f t -J-- 


15th cent MANOR HOUSE 

on 3800 sqm treed grounds, 


vrth Chances® matte tecta* w? 
gamens. large tied ttctten on part, 
bureky roan, barroom, 35 sqm 
tartan on part. 1 bedroom on garden. 
Access to 1st FLOOR by period otfrtxr 
33*3) slaktase or Indoor staicase Is 
2 bertooms. bath, wood paneled feay 
bbc to be fined win teptoce. 

TOP FLOOR. attic 4 bedroom Garage 
FF1 ,400800. Fox +33 (0)4 91 60 5374 

Haul Languedoc. 50km bom the 
medtertanean, man house 450 sqm. 

12 aparanerfs or looms in annexes, 

9 helps go# corse (nanxafl, (arts, pool 
22M. mantes hurang etc. $t£50M ml 
O wner Farce 433(0)4 67 37 01 60 

buy wmtouT cotttssxm 
FWRecewe regUarty, at your home,a 
sefecton d real estate c ungp onrtng Id 
kxb demand Le Partanake European 
34297 Mootpallisr cedax 05, France- 

lwfr». ■-= 

»4 tr ':'* ■ 

LOSOM. IB mins tarn canM Geneva 
A 4 bedroom lose, trigonal consbuo- 
um !3» sqm gotten, pod, strife Jbr 
2 homes, 150 sqm of imrtM mra 
F2JS0.000. Tefc *334-50940169 

French Riviera 



,'^r «*.•;* 
K>T HP" ** 

•*‘1 JN+W;V 


3-room Hal m vdape near station, view 
row. TrfF* +33(0)1 40 28 20 74 

655 sqm - M moos - scupartskn 
wires X hotel raodam cototion 
i cordons, hah class tilings, perfect 
cuwSran UnspoW hBbp waw. Nrt*w 
opposde DK09dldtapw«B*ss.Y»lli 
j ha part and 16 ha tea d anund. 
USS1 250800 fB 33 (0)5 53 40 O 92 

4*»m 115 sqm + a sqm. batanes, 
»P floor, oulslandbn pamsmic «m 
over *Baie das Anger very rice Mfcgs, 
ftto d kttdien, cellar, 2 garages. 
FF&300.000. Deed from owner 
ftr +33 <Q}4 93 965158 

GRASSE, In -high dass rosidena, part; 
JmL twrta 75 sqm H, 3 nxme, bdri, 

— , high i 

- „ garage, caflif. Way qwrt 
4th top floor, terraces FB9SXOO. Oner 
433 {Op 60 23 05 05 - (0)1 68 06 04 82 

PROVEICE: All kinds of properties. 
Please ask tor Mrs Winner. Agence 
Auqufer, F-B4210 St DMer. Tel: +33 
(0)4 90 SB 07 S3 Fbk (0)4 90 66 12 35 


ted farmhouse to Ms odrtto Ftescee 
(altitude 2S5 metres, 15 rotates from 
tom carter). Skated In Nstodc complex 
amid oliira graves. Tw Swing irons, 
aurtu. kfcfwn rtitog mom, 3 bertooms, 
3 bathrooms, annates and storage. 
4,000 sqm. Bank wBh graded end 
100 obre trees. Fax: +39 55 46 85281 
Emai tegateOddarsnirUieJ 

TUSCANY: Central Florence. Castle 
4JDOO sqm Print, formal gardens. Cen- 
ter d Tuscany, 139) certuy vftge, cas- 
tie, game reteve, bka, wneyato, oferee, 
IB hole gd coma Rorence, apatraert 
View Duomo. Tel / Fhc +39 577 903008. 

property tor sale, on 2 acres. XVlft 
certuy bdUng ptos 3 aider vitas, 
3 swimming pooh, tentis coul Photos EroftdaisteO 
homeSflUrxroi Tat 0039 63220500 

Paris and Subwbs 

in mm Ox Pntkkot XEMEDY, owner 
nfls apartment, high class buMng. 
100, 4th floor 1406, 3 room, 2 
bats. equb»d Udm balmy. caBar, 
large pafift F 1375M. VWt on spd 
Fdij. Sahadgy, Stoday, Monday 1030 
to tpm and • ftm. see ganftn. ' 


BeeuSd apertote double Mn^ 3 bed- 
Boans, 2 bate, a^ped UdreoRrartr 
to mow In. Td owner 433(0)1 45022135 

2/340CBI 54 sqm., 2nd Boor, 

, dorm. FFlioMoa 
+33 (0)1 43 36 75 32 


njJl * 


Mce 92 sqm. apartment, Mtg 
1 2 hetknns, 7ih floor, on avenue A 
ganfcn, bdctvw. terrace, open dew. 
Tat +33 |W «55 0D 44 
Fax +33(0)1 43 55 41 30 

PARS 16th 

BeamU 2*rm 54 tqn, high Boor. 
partta. JUSTtflH) PRfCE. 
CQGa«(g)14l 05 30 30 


PrasfctaJs 17to cal Paris , 

— -i satoe - uaEng 1200 sqm 
mai, rate,' now vacate. 

5542 18U Fax 5542 1615 

WNniARTnErtBBSSES, ttcapfend 
former artist MaSer on 3 tents etdrab 
and kcairy restored 2 years ago. TO 
eqm. Mng room under dass rod (7m 
Wfft ctebpL 4 badnuna. 2 btto, stody 
mezzame.-blg firepbee, Iddun tdte 
eqratped, very sunny, al shops arronl 
PnS FF4.7U Tat Office +33(0)1 
« 92 44 Of . Hone: +33(0)142 62 65 85 

i GAflE DE LYON rod I 
In baautifU Hassnui styte bidding, 
ini 105 sqm, aotehMBd, Mtg mem 
end (fining room, 2 bedroom, balcony, 
warty, H2.15Q20Q. Tei owner (Gene- 
va) +41 22 799 7815 (vert) and 360 
1321 gioma). E-roat fficanjOfixorg. 

LOCATION. 5-roam apartment as new 
notion + garage + hJy equipped 
shrto. FONCIA +33 (0)1 69 03 73 42 

1^ shed, batartd 65 sqm apartmate 
m diftot Top floor, 2 hadron s . Mg 
1 lares batik equipped kflehan, beams. 
Very bright. fF2.350.000. TaL +33 (0)1 
40 51 09 18 Fac Mr Kahn 42 13 46 85 

RUBL HAUUBON, Berafll hose an 
2jB00 eqm. greasy. Irage tecqdon, 4 
bedrtUTB. Caretaker's house. Ctase HI 
schotee Vay good cnndDoiv FBSM. 
Tel +33(0)1 4B7 B55 Fax 4567 7285 

NEXT TO SFYEL TOWER, Id floor, 93 
sqm, two bertooms, 2 baths, 45 sqm. 
kune, rottn cebr. pMe 130 sqm 
terrace Price mL4M. + peritog. Oner, 
Tat +33 ffll 4734 6681 Fitt 4449 9106 

PAHS 4th, i£ SAIfT LOUIS, 2 i 
c hanteng pied a tarn, qrtet, firopfaca, 
beams, tvtog & bedroom & kitchen, 
shower. Owner. FF90WXH. Tr± +33 (0)1 
44757603 pm ff +33 (0)1 45054082 

314 rooms. VERY htiGH CLASS. 
(DR 43 80 10 17 

Lrage 2-rocm 60 sqm {partners, lice 
tayml bright PftJCE : FFZjSOjOOO. 
A GBKE N 1 (0)1 43 80 10 17 

H PARIS, vie* aid tower Trocadeto 
raid Unteraasse, p pan br- 
ing, 3 bertooms, al carlate. FF2U. 
Tef +33 Ml 4059 9002 mmings 

sefls apartnnte 50 sqm, 7th floor. B. 
newly redone, amazng vow « EBd 
tower. Td 433(0)6 81 31 39 07 

NEWLY ROUE. 50 sqm 2-room 
apartnert, wlh bay wrodows on garden, 
•rth floor. 80 tqm iwtacas, modem 
baking FIWOOaTet 06 5049 58S 

LUXUHOUS Set overtarfttag VaJ de 
Grace gntoos, nera Paitteoa TO sqm, 
any. very quel FF 1 JH c*b parttog 
Tat + 33f»14S 89 49 7lrtni5Ih. 

bateroy, quieL FB5M. TetfFaz. +33 
(0)1 39676 9B • 


38 sqm. sttrio, motfem conrartences. 

1st & fax Owner +33 (0)1 42 33 26 28. 




StDBb see view, 104300 sqm text 

600 sqm house: Uring, dining, 5 bed- 
rooms. 5 matte bate pooL cradatort 
house, garage. $1 ,000,000. TO Pate 
+33(0)1 45538756. F« (0)1 45S3 4053 

top retedenea. Spectacular vtows. 2 
acres. 4 beds, 5 baths, pod. PRIVATE 

SALE. UKE575JOOQ. TEL 046) 648 84 56 

Fa 0^649 73 57 



• L JSatetotoratawsauhonzed 
■ Boar epwcwyaincw 1975 

Atkactoe jxoperttes, overlooking view 

1 to 5 tortoooa, tan SR 2U3 fXJO. 

52, ItoriMteti CH-1211 GBEVA 2 

Tet 4122-734 15 40 Fax 734 12 26 

MOKTREUX ’Pearl of the Swiss RM- 
ea*. several fist ebss apartments. Sale 
to kxtegnos eihotteL FDM SA. Fax 
+41 24 494 2787 

USA Residential 


76 St, 30 EAST CONDO 

Opporte Cartyta Hotel 

Otfafex. 3 bertooms, 2 baths, + mate's 
non & brill Muter bertoom 1 bait on 
tpper Boor. Lage Mng room and dUng 
area, macfcxs 2^62 eq IL Bright & aky. 

One ofated Asking Si .ISM. 

CC ^316fmo; RE taxes Si, 176 mo. 


R> (212)6824481 Fez (212)661-5522 

NYCISMWo0 5th 45 Rooms 

Peried Connate Apartment 

lAssun Tower Condo hoh above and in 
the heart of NYC. Ccrcerge, doorman, 
elevator tnw, valet service avaiable. 
Foreigner ot S15M. 

urmer U Pwz Z12491-72U 


Exclusive waterfront estate wih 700+ 
fart of water ftortage. 100 foot yachts 
accoramodried, fane has te tw amert- 
tiss. Just ledtxaJ to USS8ASIOOO. 

Cd Vtay BuccL arart REMAX Partners 
954-396-5977 USA or E-maU: 

an sqm. 3 bertoom, 1 34 both, pool, 
spa. bepbee, bUK-in BBQ. peach tree & 
ppes. Close to Ft*. Sony t Paanort 
SUSas. US269 JOEL Owner Itowtemd 
to Floridrt. Fax Owner 654-202-0688 or 
cal 95420Z4M33 fcr drtafe 

cM 2300 iq. 1 condomain, 2-3 bed- 
rooms, 3 batimams, Mng. etting, CPW 
& OffS, 2 balconies. 24 how doorman 

US S22B5U negotiable. Owner mtocaf- 
ng Tet 2128861970 Far 2125010680 

■AMI BMC KELL Superb 1680 sqJl. 
3 bedrocras, 3 ba n munis , rt facing wa- 
ter and Key Bscayne. ftorkmg, pod 
USS laoim Pfean conad a RHstei 
Tet 39 55 264201 

PALM BEACH, FL Fatatous tuna, ap- 
prortraHy 5000 sq 1 «ih new kkSm 
marble baths. Largs (150x170) hshiy 
bndsraped w mh wmdarlui pool. 
USS1JI95U. Linde R. Oten. Inc., Fteal- 
tcr 561-6206195 Fee 561-8206253 

W. CHESTER, NY. Tastefufiy restored, 
1902 cemagB house. A bedrooms, 2 1/2 
bate qaeous. (Mi ceings. great pri- 
t NYC. Top ra‘ ’ 

; « nin. to I 
S5 SK. Fbk 9U-7i 

rated school 
■7B12, (tori 

Paradsa! HnrtesCmdos. S. Qper, Ran 
BaMn & Assoc. Toffs* 941-387*7199. 


UWQUE CHATEAU n the heed of Bns- 
stex. surounded by 40,000 «jl land. 
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9ous properties, vte, a palm art s . office 
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sale. Tel & Fax: +32Z646.12.1A 

Real Estate 
for Rent 

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Prestigious apartments, view of EHH 
Tower. AvaiabBy dale beginning 1998. 

5 rooms wfch paittig from FF2M00 + 
charges - 2 dupterc 2Q8 sqm. arte 246 
sqm. Tat +33 (0)1 47 4Z 37 50 

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120 sq.ei 4 bebmy-lenaces, 3 bsd- 
roomsC Whs, equipped Uchen. paridng. 
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+ garage. Tefc +33 (0)1 47 27 51 12. 


mete. From stufos to 4 bedrooms. Tet 
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Townhouse, My umbhed, 2 twrtoonte2 
baths, toundynna Brertroom and den 
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schools. Tends, srwnrrfng. and exadsa 
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Finished 1 bedroom Penthouse wflh 

2500 sq. to terrace, magnificent views, 
dractiy over Hudson River, Doorman, 
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Cal 212-38&-7189. 

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FH/CNqufc 212-4484223, Fac 212- 
4483226 EMaft athomehnOaoLcoBL 



BRAND NEW, 3 Storey IreehoW 
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Serviced Apartments 

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family 01 huunes persua 
Cotopanuiiv rat* pm-ac^ 1 and ideal 
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and tbe Esmbitiutt Halls at Garb 
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THANK YOU JESUS and SaM Aitetor 
answered prayers and hopes renewed 

tor prayers answered. 



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Domestic Positions Available 

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Next Special Headings 
Real Estate in and around Paris 
on October 24 

French Coun 1 

ountry Prop. 
October 3f 


Mountain Chalets & Ski apartments 
on October 31 

For mart details please cmbKt: 
in Pans 

m.- *33 (0)1 41 43 93 R5 Fax: +33(0) I 4143 «3 70 
E-mail: dasafiedeihLcom 


You will find below a selection of employment offers published in last Monday' s International Herald Tribune 
For a copy of last Monday's paper, please contact Sarah ^Cershof, London: 44 171 420 0326 


Director General 

Coopers & Lybrand 

Mrs. Egbergts, Coopcre & Lybrand 
Organisation & Human Resources 
Marcel Hiirylaan 216, 1200 Brussels 
Should be reached by 28/10/97 

International Finance 

Lloyd Morgan 

Africa House, 64^78 Kingsway 
London WC2B6BD ' 

Tel: 44 171 404 5591 

Fax: 44 171 430 2293 




Ret: 1HT/VAC/97/30 OECD 

Human Resource Management 

2, rue Andre- Pascal 

75775 Paris Cedex 16 - France 




World Wide Fund 
for Nature 

Human Resources Department 

WWF 2nt Av. du Moot-Blanc, 

1196 Gland - Switzerland 

Should be reached by 31/10/97 

Operations and Senior 
Operation Officers 


Recruitment and Placement 

Section (H-5F) 

UNICEF 3 UN Plaza, New York. 

NY 10017 -USA 

Should be reached by 27/10/97 

pilmgnaf Executive Secretary 
. (English mother tongue) 

Asia Delegation to OECD 

Mr. Lee HJ 

2~4, roe Louis-David 75016 Paris 


to Unman Resource 

Pereire Conseil 

S/re£ HTK/495A 

Pereire Conseil 

62/64, boulevard Pereire 

75017 Paris 






Fantasies About NATO 

The Senate bas barely begun con- 
'sideradon of NATO's eastward ex- 
pansion plans, and the discussion has 
already drifted into troubling territory. 
Because the Clinton administration has 
■offered no compelling security justi- 
fication for enlargement, a variety of 
dubious rationales are being advanced. 
■The confusion should be a warning that 
the administration's scheme for NATO 
■lacks a core organizing principle. 

The most disturbing articulation of 
NATO's purpose comes from Senator 
Jesse Helms. Republican of North Car- 
olina. the chairman’ of the Foreign Re- 
lations Committee. He would frame 
NATO expansion partly as a means to 
isolate Russia. That Cold-War ap- 
proach is likely to boomerang. 

Russia no longer presents a military 
'or political threat to Europe. It is a 
□ascent democracy with a struggling 
market economy and a hollow con- 
ventional military force. Even under 
the most alarming political realign- 
ment in Moscow, it would take Russia 
years to reconstitute its military ma- 
chine. Positioning NATO today as an 
alliance against a potential Russian 
threat can only strengthen the anti- 
democratic forces in Russia. 

Another proposition would radic- 
ally expand NATO's purpose from the 
territorial defense of Europe to the 
defense of common American and 
European interests anywhere in the 
world. That is a startling idea, with ail 
sorts of implications. 

A NATO claim to conduct military 
operations in the Middle East. Asia or 
Africa would certainly be a surprise to 
countries in those regions. It might also 
alarm Americans, who thought that the 
Atlantic alliance merely obliged them 
to come to the defense of European 

The idea of a global NATO is sup- 
ported by two veterans of President Bill 
Clinton's first-term cabinet, Warren 
Christopher and William Perry, both 
instrumental in designing the expansion 
into Eastern Europe. Although their no- 

tion seems improbable and imperial, it 
warrants discussion at some point. 

The coalition of European and 
Middle Eastern nations that fought 
alongside America in the Gulf War 
offers a model for the kind of military 
cooperation the two men seem to have 
in mind. But the very audacity of their 
idea makes it a mismatch for the en- 
largement plan now before the Senate, 
which would add Poland, Hungary and 
the Czech Republic to NATO by the 
end of the decade. It is hard to see what 
relevance the admission of three or 
more East European nations would 
have ro NATO activity in the Middle 
East or the Far East. The countries have 
neither the money nor the military 
forces to make a meaningful contri- 
bution to such operations. 

It was unnerving to hear the global 
NATO idea casually discussed at the 
Foreign Relations Committee hearing 
by Senator Richard Lugar, Republican 
of .Indiana, Senator John Ashcroft, Re- 
publican of Missouri, and Secretary of 
State Madeleine Albright as though it 
were just another idea floating about 
theCapitoL Its acceptance would mark 
a tectonic shift in international affairs 
and require the negotiation of an en- 
tirely new NATO Charter. 

Other equally inappropriate security 
constructs are bound to appear in the 
weeks ahead because there is no sen- 
sible and suitable military reason to 
expand NATO eastward at this time. 
The expansion plan is a poor substitute 
for the economic and political inte- 
gration of Europe that ought to be 
taking place under the leadership of the 
European Union. 

As the Senate weighs expansion, 
which must be approved by a two- 
thirds majority to become effective, it 
should concentrate on practical security 
questions, and related matters Like the 
unknown costs of enlargement. It ought 
not to dwell on the prophecies of Mr. 
Helms or expansive theories about die 
global projection of American power. 


Mayhem in Colombia 

It is hard to think of any country 
anywhere that spells more trouble for 
the United States than Colombia, 
which produces most of the heroin and 
cocaine that Americans voraciously 
consume. Yet few countries are harder 
for the United States to deal with. 

Hie problem is not simply that some 
Colombians are corrupt. (The pres- 
ident’s cartel dealings led Washington 
to ‘’decertify" his country as an anti- 
drug partner.! The problem is that even 
when a branch of the government — 
the Colombian police — earns its 
spurs, the rest of the government, in- 
cluding (he military, cannot cope with 
large and expanding threats to public 
order, to control of the national ter- 
ritory and to the rule of law. A strong 

J government the United States could at 
east address and hold accountable. A 
weak government slides away. 

What is going on in Colombia is a 
peculiar, sprawling crisis. Its players 
include officers and branches of the 
government, the drag cartels, the guer- 
rillas they hire and pay off, other guer- 
rillas whose priority is political power, 
and assorted paramilitary bands that 
are either in conflict or in cahoots with 
the above. Recently, the government 
has been pressing a' quest for political 
accommodation with the guerrillas, 
who have been in rebellion against 
the state for more than 30 years. Suc- 
cess in that effort could produce great 
rewards on the front against drags 

and throughout Colombian society. 

Hie nature and flux of the Colom- 
bian situation have complicated the 
usual American attempt to locate an 
interlocutor, friendly or otherwise. 
President Ernesto Samper is kepi at a 
distance for his personal corruption, 
although the anti-drag agenda he has 
nonetheless pursued has just earned 
him a meeting with the top Clinton 
anti-drug official. The police are in. to 
a point. The military are out. 

In Washington, the Colombia ques- 
tion is more than a little political. The 
Republican right suggests tunneling 
more aid to the army and helping some 
paramilitaries. But the army is not re- 
liable, and to pump up paramilitaries 
that are out of official control and 
notorious for human rights violations 
is a nonstarter. American law requires 
the U.S. government to take up the 
decertification question again next 
March: it is a case of attempting very 
delicate political surgery with a very 
blunt legal instrument. 

If the How of thugs did not impart 
urgency, the United States might better 
concentrate on helping Colombia ac- 
complish the great national reconcili- 
ation that its fractured society requires. 
But there is the drug urgency. Amer- 
ican policies and programs are inev- 
itably the second or third line of de- 
fense. Colombia's own political pro- 
cess is necessarily ihe first. 


Other Comment 

Guevara the Symbol 

Che Guevara is a cultural icon today 
largely because the era lie typified left 
cultural tracks, in the '60s. politics and 
culture converged, but culture lasted 
and politics did not. The 'bOs mainly 
affected those meandering channels of 
power beyond the state that circum- 
scribe, order, classify and delineate 
human lives in modern societies. 

The ’60s arc still with us today be- 
cause they brought about an irrevers- 
ible cultural insurrection in the ‘■mod- 
em" pan of the globe. Something 
changed in 1968. and ihe world would 
never again be the same. 

The upheaval affected relations be- 
tween young and old. men and women, 
sanity and madness, health and illness; 
between subjects and objects of power, 
teachers and the taught, black and 

white, even rich and poor. Liberation 
of sexual mores, dress habits, musical 
and visual tastes. Irreverence in the 
face of authority and. beyond, the re- 
cognition.of otherness of all persua- 
sions remain today the most outstand- 
ing bequests of the '60s. 

Che then finds himself just where he 
belongs; in the niches reserved for cul- 
tural icons, for symbols of social up- 
risings that filter down deep into the 
soil of society, that settle in its most 
intimate nooks and crannies. For many 
today, we owe the few attractive and 
redeeming features of our daily ex- 
istence to the '60s. and Che Guevara 
personifies the era better than anyone. 

— Jorge Ci Castaneda. author of 
"CompaTiem: The Life i ind Dead* of 
Che Guevara ." in an oracle 
distributed /nr JVcu York Times 
' Special Features. 

licralb ."fct„ (bnbunc 

nm«ra mini ii» •» mm' w m ■imm.i-*' n-i 



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* $1997. ImrrwOuitzi Herald Inhme. AU n'^to rtvrvrd. ISS.Y (2W-SK 

Politics and Economics Go Togethe 

H ONG KONG — Political leaders 
and official boosters insist that the 
sudden Southeast Asia currency crisis 
is only a temporary serback. But high- 
level government, business and aca- 
demic participants at the East Asia 
World Economic Forum here focused 
on the lessons to be learned if the region 
as a whole is to resume robust growth 
and the promise of steadily, enhanced 
weight in the world. 

Filipino President Fidel Ramos said 
the sharp drop in the value of his coun- 
try's peso, Hiailand’s baht. Malaysia’s 
ringgit and Indonesia's rupiah was a 
"wake-up call." Nobody echoed 
Malaysian President Mahathir bin Mo- 
hamad’s charges of a Western con- 
spiracy mounted by speculators to de- 
stroy * poor countries’ hopes for 
prosperity , or. for that matter, his ar- 
gument that "Asian values" tire 
preferable to and incompatible with 
Western ideas of individual freedom. 

The gathering produced strong un- 
dertones of awareness that a lot more 
reform is needed if Asian societies are 
to continue their phenomenal rise in 
living standards. At the same time, 
there was considerable skepticism 
about whether they are politically cap- 
able of doing whar is needed. 

Thereis a reluctance to talk about the 
political implications of the economic 
shock. It is impolite here to cause ent- 

ity Flora Lewis 

harassment, so people avoid critici- 
zing publicly. Nonetheless, discussion 
of the causes of the crisis and its rapid 
contagion subtly emphasized an un- 
derlying political fragility. 

It was another demonstration that the 
notion of keeping economic and polit- 
ical systems in separate categories, of 
liberalizing one without opening the 
other, cannot be sustained indefinitely. 

To work well, free markets require 
good governance. Ultimately, that 
means democracy. Transparency, pre- 
dictability, full information are the 
words the market-minded use instead. 
But it comes to the same need forpublic 
control to forestall corruption, cro- 
nyism. abuse of power. 

Rudi Dorobusch of the Massachu- 
setts Institute for Technology was one 
of the few voices to proclaim a * ‘ lack of 
realism" in the belief that Asians have 
found a special, almost magic formula 
for going on and on to produce eco- 
nomic growth. He was blunt, and pes- 
simistic about the willingness of es- 
tablishments to make the necessary 
changes in the way they operate before 
they bring more and- bigger shocks. 

His harshness provoked uneasy 
laughter, a way of avoiding the issue. 
"Japan is basically half dead," he said. 

‘‘Crisis exists in Cb* n3 but it is hidden- 
If we get finan cial trouble in China, 
then the world will shake." 

. He reminded the assembly that it 

isn’t easy to clean up a banking system, 

particularly if yon don't try ... The crisis 
isn’t over because it isn’t clear whether 
governments can react. In Thailand, 
every politician owns a bank and every 
hank owns two politicians.” 

There are vast amounts of money 
available now in the world, looking for 
opportunities to make a profit Every- 
body wants to attract some, including 
nearly sealed North Korea, which sent 
a middle-level official to urge foreign 
investment in his country. . 

But the money that flows in can flow 
out, or money can refuse to arrive at all, 
if the risks look excessive or conditions 
uncertain and onerous. In that' way, 
globalization is creating new political 
needs in the countries which have ben- 
efited the most , so far, just as it .is 
creating political pain in mature eco- 
nomies striving to compete for jobs. 

China, whose President Jiang Zemin 
is about to. leave on a triumphal state 
visit to tire United States, appears con- 
fident that it can escape this pressure. 
One Chinese speaker boasted that in 
recent yeans it has drawn in more for- 
eign investment than any country ex- 
cept the United States. * 

"China is on a one-way street to 

development and modernization,' ’ be 
said But there was pointedly no answer 
when his promise that investors would 
be able to gel reliable information pro- 
voked a question about whether that 
would include foil disclosure from 
state-owned enterprises. That street 
will have to lead further than China 

EOr now, China s event-less take- 
over of Hong Kong.has helped Beijing 
^viinmin its economic magnetism. 
Hong Kong residents talk of an anti- 
climax, and the Beijing-picked chief- 
executive, Tong Chee-hwa is soon off 
to spread his bland reassurance mes- 
sage to Japan and Europe- 

Among the consequences of tire end 
of dhe Cold War has been to turn polit- 
ical leaders who used to talk about se- 
curity and ideology ever more into trav- 
eling salesmen. That is what President. 
Bill Clinton’s trip to Latin America is 
about The idea isn’t all that new, 
though- President Calvin Coolidge said 
in the 1920s that "the business of this 
country is business." But economics 
cannot be divorced from politics. They 
are becoming as linked internationally, 
as they are in national and local affairs. 

Theold phrase “political economy” 
had it right. The market leads glob- 
alization, but globalization is much 
more than the market. 

© Flora Lewis. 

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Israelis Set the Pace, and They Don’t Like Suicide Bombings 

Benjamin Netanyahu had 
good news and bad news this 
week. The good news- was that 
he made the worldwide cover of 
The Economist. The bad news 
was that The Economist labeled 
him "Israel's Serial Bungler" 
and said he should resign. 

That misses the point. The 
most important political fact to 
emerge after Israel's bungled 
assassination attempt of a Ha- 
mas activist in Jordan is that Mr. 
Netanyahu's popularity in Is- 
raeli polls has gone up. Israel’s 
call-in radio shows overwhelm- 
ingly support BibL 
Now that is interesting. We all 
have to think about that. It tells 
us something very important 
A rage lurks beneath the sur- 
face in Israel today over the feet 
that Israel not only has not got 
the peace it expected from rec- 
ognizing the PLO and giving 
back pans of the West Bank and 

By Thomas L. Friedman 

Gaza, but it has been treated to a 
form of terrorism, suicide bomb- 
ing, that is more pernicious and 
terrifying than any form of ter- 
rorism ever encountered by a 
modem democracy. 

This suicide terrorism in- 
vades every aspect of daily life. 
Do I ride the bus or not? Do Igo 
downtown or nor? Do I let my 
kids go downtown or not? I was 
just in Jerusalem. I walked a 
mile out of my way to get to the 
Lufthansa airline office so that 
I wouldn’t have to walkthrough 
the city center. 

What would The Economist 
say if, after a peace accord be- 
tween Britain and the IRA. 126 
British citizens were killed and 
500 wounded in 10 separate IRA 
suicide. bombings in the heart of 
London, Manchester and Edin- 
burgh? And if Prime Minister 
Tony Blair then ordered MI6 to 

assassinate an IRA agent in 
France, but die operation was 
bungled? Would Britain's polls 
turn against him? 

There is an attitude among 
Arab leaders today that goes 
like this: "Yes, we condemn the 
latest suicide bombing, but 
could Israel now get on with its 
withdrawals?" Well, they may 
condemn that terrorism, but Is- 
raelis are still living with it 
every day in every decision they 
make about where to walk. 

The silent majority in Israel 
stopped caring a long time ago 
about Nablus or Hebron or Ga- 
za or a Palestinian state. As far 
as the silent majority is con- 
cerned, the Palestinians can 
have them all. But Israelis still 
care intensely about being able 
to eat in the Apropos Cafe in Tel 
Ayiv without being blown 
apart, and about being able to 

shop on the mall in West Je- 
rusalem without being -blown 
apart, and about being able to 
take the No. 18 bus to Mount 
Scopus without being blown 

apart And if they can’t do those 
things, then no amount of serial 
bungling by Mr. Netanyahu 
will -tom the silent majority 
against him. 

- If you want Mr. Netanyahu 
out of office, of if you just want 
him to do the right thing on the 
peace process, you have to un- 
derstand that tire only effective 
lever on him Is tire Israeli public. 
Right now that lever is working 
for him and not against him. 

Terrorism neutralizes the Is- 
raeli people. It depoliticizes 
them. It silences the opposition. 
It freezes Israeli politics. 

There are three views of Mr. 
Netanyahu. One is that he is an 
utter incompetent, buffeted 
around by larger political forces. 
Another is that he is a dangerous 

ideologue who has maliciously 
aggravated the peace process. 
The third is that he is a prag- 
matic politician who will give, 
back 75 percent of the west 
Bank if that is what it takes to 
make peace and get re-elected. 

He moves back and forth 
among all these images, and he 
exploits Palestinian terrorismto 
. avoid having to decide who he - 
really is aim where he really 
wants to lead. Only the Israeli 
public can corner him and force - 
him to choose. And the Israeli 
public will do that, it will act on 
its instinct for a settlement, only : 
ifthis threat of suicide terrorism . 
is removed. | 

- These suicide bombings •, 
started before Mr. Netanyahu 
came to power, they continued 
■after he came to power, and as 
long as they don't stop, Israeli . 
politics can never start. And that 
is tire point 

. The New York Tones. 

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Mystery: If NATO Is to Grow Bigger and Bigger^ What For? 

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P RAGUE — The enlarge- 
ment process is moving 
ahead rapidly at NATO, in the 
capitals of the present members 
and in the three invited countries 
(Poland, Hungary, the Czech 
Republic) to meet the deadline 
of April 1999, Behind this well- 
organized effort, pressure is 
building from other countries to 
ensure an im itation then. 

The danger arises of seeing 
the present organization of 16 
members increase not only to 
19 by 1999 but ro 25 and "per- 
haps 30 a few years later. 

NATO declared early on that 
it was changing, and change is 
now in full swing, yet no plan 
appears to exist for financing, 
decision-making and above all 
tire new direction of this 
changed organization. 

The timetable is tight. The 

By Frederick Bonn art 

three invited countries are con- 
cluding their individual acces- 
sion meetings with NATO to 
enable them to adapt their de- 
fense machinery. The talks cov- 
er the legal, military and finan- 
cial aspects of membership that 
must be in place before the 
NATO Council can certify their 
suitability. That report has to be 
sent to the member countries by 
the end of the year for the re- 
quired ratification process by 
their Parliaments. 

Parliamentary preparations 
are moving ahead. This is par- 
ticularly important in the U.S. 
Senate,' where tire administra- 
tion's request to approve the 
accessions is likely to encounter 
most opposition. It is, never- 
theless, likely to be the quick- 

est. Approval is expected by 
next spring. Most European 
Parliaments will take longer. 

The biggest challenge will be 
for the three applicant coun- 
tries. They will have to under- 
take considerable changes, not 
only to harmonize their military 
forces with those of NATO — 
which involves organization, 
equipment and above all pro- 
cedures — but in the method of 
their democratic control. 

They have benefitted consid- 
erably from several years of in- 
creasingly close association 
with NATO, but on the political 
as well as on the military level 
big obstacles still remain to be 

Nevertheless, the energy and 
enthusiasm with which these 

Thoughts on Europe’s Jobs Crisis 

N EW YOR K — America’s 
ability to reduce unem- 
ployment to less than half the 
rate in Europe without causing 
inflation is w’idely attributed 
to wretched low-end wages. 
But Alan Krueger, a labor 
economist at Princeton Uni- 
versity who never misses a 
chance to debunk convention- 
al wisdom, isn’t so sure. 

His fresh examination of 
"the U.S. employment mir- 
acle." written with Jom-Stef- 
Fen Pischke of MIT and avail- 
able as National Bureau of 
Economic Research Working 
Paper 6146 ( 
Ls no defense of rigid European 
labor policies. But h suggests 
that the success of the Amer- 
ican jobs machine has much to 
do with the vitality of small 
and medium-size business. 

The OECD estimates that 
unemployment in France 
reached 12.6 percent in 
September, almost triple the 
U.S. rate. Germany (9.7 per- 
cent) and Sweden flO.5.) were 
not much better. 

One popular explanation is 
tiiat minimum wages, which 
exceed S 1 0 an hour in affluent 
Northern Europe when social 
insurance taxes are included, 
deter employment of the un- 
skilled. If the minimum wage 
does not scare off employers, 
powerful unions do. 

Outside Britain and the 
Netherlands, free-market pol- 
iticians despair of breaking 
labor market rigidity. The ma- 
jority, who are employed, are 
unwilling to accept pay cuts. 
The substantial minority who 

Bv Peter Passell 

arc shut out have been pacified 
with generous welfare checks 
and free public services rang- 
ing from high-quality child 
core to pensions at age 60. 

But Mr. Krueger and Mr. 
Pischke point out that the ev- 
idence linking regulation to 
unemployment is weaker than 
the commonsense appeal of 
the hypothesis. Until the 
1970s, unemployment was 
generally lower in Europe 
than in the United States. 

Besides. unemployment 
among highly educated Euro- 
pean workers has risen 
roughly in proportion to un- 
employment at the bottom. 

The two economists argue 
that there i$ scant evidence 
that the U.S. labor market ad- 
justs to changes in the supply 
of workers by raising and 
lowering wages. Unskilled 
wages were depressed by the 
flood of baby boomers into 
jobs in the 1970s. But the 
"baby bust" of the late 1980s, 
which many economists ex- 
pected would elevate wages, 
coincided with a steep decline 
in low-end compensation. 

Mr. Krueger is not con- 
vinced that the key to full em- 
ployment in Europe is Amer- 
ican-style labor policy. He 
conjectures that a different 
strength of American capital- 
ism helps explain job growth. 

In Europe, he suggests, jobs 
are created from the top down 
as big business and big gov- 
ernment mobilize scarce cap- 

ital and expand production ca- 
pacity. In the United States, 
where virtually all employ- 
ment growth in recent decades 
has come from small .and me- 
dium-size service businesses, 
the key to expansion has been 
individual enterprise. 

Do Europeans lack, entre- 
preneurial skills? Entrepre- 
neurs certainly have not tra- 
ditionally been honored in 
classrooms or glorified in the 
European media the way they 
are in the United States. 

More tangibly, Mr. Krueger 
says. U.S. entrepreneurs fade 
lower hurdles. Shops and oth- 
er small businesses are less 
likely .to be hemmed in by 
regulations — zoning, licens- 
ing, hours of operation — de- 
signed for the most part in 
Europe to guarantee incum- 
bents a comfortable livin g 

Venture capital is easier to 
obtain in America for small 
businesses. Banks and spe- 
cialty lenders are more likely 
to provide credit for businesses 
with strong track records. 

The hypothesis (Mr. Krue- 
ger calls it a conjecture) is 
good and bad news. There 
may be softer variations on the 

U.S. capitalist model that gen- . 

crate higher employment and 
stable prices without shred- 
ding the safety net. 

On the other hand, indi- 
vidual initiative is not so eas- 
ily grafted onto old corporatist 
welfare states. ■ “Shedding- 
regulation might not get 
Europe where it needs to go," 
Mr. Krueger concludes. 

The New York Times. 

problems are being addressed 
are evident, bo* at NATO and 
•in the countries themselves. So 
it would be little short of dis- 
astrous if ratification were not 
forthcoming, or were delayed 
beyond the target date. 

The blow would inflict in- 
estimable damage not only to 
the process of democratic re- 
newal of the three prospective 
members, but to foe credibility 
of NATO and foe ability of the 
old democracies to influence 
the world. 

The lesson here is that once a 
formal invitation is issued, foe 
process has to be seen through to 
foe end. Decisions made by the 
national executives will have to 
be ratified by legislators. 

NATO’s leaders have stated 
that they will review the farther 
invitation process at foe next 
summit meeting, and have 
singled out Romania and Slov- 
enia for praise. That is being 
interpreted by these countries as 
a firm engagement; they expea a 
formal invitation in April 1999. 

At foe same time, Austria is 
examining accession. At NA- 
TO, Austria’s candidacy would 
be well received. Austria’s de- 
fense effort is weak (militar y 
spending, at 0.9 percent of 
GDP, is well below NATO av- 
erages), but foe country is po- 
litically, economically and cul- 
pnally part of Western Europe; 
its geographic position is also a 
point in favor. 

So there could be at least 
three new candidates in 1999. 

But loud protests would 
come from Europe’s north and 


south. The Baltic states 
moving rapidly toward mem- 
bership in the European Union, 
which, they will claim, will put 
them on foe same footing as 
Austria. Balkan candidates are 
favored by the southeastern 
NATO allies, while the Baltic 
peoples are well represented in 
foe United States. 

Strains on the newly harmo- 
nious NATO-Russian relation- 
ship need to be considered, bufi i . 
there is a prospect of NATO#' 
membership reaching 30 before' 
many years pass. 

With even only 25 members, 
will the Article 5 guarantee — 
the common defense commit- 
ment — apply? If so, will the ; 
new members be provided with 
standard radar, integrated air 
defease systems, extended air- : 
field runways, eventually road, ' 
rail and pipeline links , as is in- 
tended for foe presently invited - 
three? Have cost estimates been 
made, and has anyone dared to 
t h i nk where foe money is to 
come from? jU:.[ . 

If not, then surely iris time.*"* 
And then there is the more fun- «?.» 
damental question: What, when .. 
all that happens, will be the pur- ■> *JT' 
pose of the organization? A v. 
declaration of the members' in- 
tent is long overdue. It should '.~ - ; 
not have to wait for the next 
summit meeting. 

The writer is editorial direc- ' •' 
tor qf NATO's Sixteen Nations. ■, j 
an independent military jour- 
nal. He contributed this com- .••'V'. 
ment to the International Her- 
ald Tribune . 


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1897: A Superior Slate 

PARIS — The last proposition 
seriously made for foe creation 
of a new American State em- 
anates from those who propose 
a subdivision of foe State of 
Michigan into two States by set- 
ting apart the northern peninsula 
as foe State of Superior. The 
propraal is to take the northern 
counties of Wisconsin and add 
them to (he detached portion of 
Michigan and include the city of 
Superior. The State of Superior 
would be one of the richest parts 
of the country in woods and 
ores, a nd it may be that with a 
separate State Gove rnmen t its 
material interests would be ad- 
vanced more effectively than 
under the present conditions. 

1922: Electron Tube 

NEW YORK — It may some 
day be possible to bring power 
from Niagara to New York by 
wireless, according to Dr. Ernst 

Fredrik Alexanderson, the well 
known electrical inventor. He 
says that the election tube has 
now been perfected, and he re- 
gards this advance as as im- 
portant a step in applied science 
as the- invention of foe steam- 
engine and the dynamo. 

1947: Indian Protest 

NEW DELHI — The India De- 
fense Ministry announced that 
additional detachments of 
troops are being landpri by foe 
Royal Indian Navy at Jafarabad, 
the seaport near the predomiu- 
andy Hindu state of Jonagadh, 
whose Moslem -ruler Has ac- 

wishes. Junagadh is sunoonded 
and ent up by other Princely ' 
states which have acceded to foe . 
India D ominio n India has pro- 
tested against Junagadh’s action r 
and has s ugg ested* to Pakis tan 
foot aptebiserfe be held to lei the ■ 
800,000 population of Jimagadb 
decide foe issuel 



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* ^ en Will Clinton Start 
Thinking About Future? 

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id Bigger. ^ bat V 

% Ellen Goo dman 

:BOf ON -My apologies 
ij * n thu-drow jnthe 
i A ^ £Ton « Ohio, last week. He 
asked a good question and got a 
glib answer. & ot a 

* Eon do you think Clin- 

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mends and foes, but 1 wasn't ex- 
actly avoiding the question. In one 
‘2 , or f another, even those who 
v otud for him have come to see 
/ him as a seat-wanner. a fdJ-ia-the- 
f Wank-years sort of president. 

■ ,..^"5 111311 who came in sin gin g 
■ Let s start thinking about tomor- 
row has been living in the now. 

He is working within the narrow 
constraints of today, doing a bit of 
renovation here, reconstruction 
there, patching and fi lling but not 
much building. 

When future students run down 
the presidential ranks, what will 
they remember? That he was the 
first president to have been sued 
for sexual harassment? That he 
dismantled welfare? That he 
presided over a boomin g eco- 
nomy in which working people 
.. became less secure? Or that he 
W was the post-Cold War super- 
I power leader who let America 
drag its heels behind the great 
international movements? 

It is this last question that I have 
been thinking about since the No- 
bel Peace Prize was awarded to 
the International Campaign to- 
Ban Land Mines. Last Friday, 

Jody Williams, die indomitable 
leader of this grass-roots human- 
itarian movement, stood appro- 
priately barefoot in her Vermont 
yard and invited the president to 
“join the tide of history.*’ 

In less than six years, the cam- 
paign has gone from idea to real- 
ity. The idea belonged to a Vi- 
etnam veteran. Bobby Muller, 

^ who lost his legs in the war. When 
v he returned to Vietnam in 1991 to 
help veterans there get prosthetics, 
hb found that the new victims were 
civilians and the enemy was old 
land mines littering the country. 

• Since then, with Ms. Williams af 
the helm, an international coalition 
of 1 .000 groups in 60 countries has 
focused attention on the dangers of 
simply walking the earth. Land 
mines have become targeted as die 
lethal leftover crop of war. A hun- 

dred million mines are planted lil»» 
poisonous roots throughout the 
world. Idling or maiming an es- 
timated 26,000 civ ilians a year. 

From 1991 to 1997, the cam- 
paign created a draft treaty signed 
by nearly 100 governments, 
which will be formalized next 
month in Ottawa. But not by die 
United States. 

Ms. Williams said the Nobel 
co mm ittee had recognized that 
* "in the post-Cold War world you 
•can do diplomacy differently. 
You don't have to rely on the 
superpowers to make a decision 
and address a humanitarian crisis 
with rapidity.” 

But yon do need superpowers 
to sign on. After Russia agreed to 
the treaty last Friday, the United 
States and China are die only ma- 
jor powers who have said “no.” 

America has gone from being a 
leader on thi« issue — banning the 
sale of land mines , beginning to 
destroy its own stockpile and de- 
voting $153 million to removing 
others across the world — to being 
an outlaw. Die United State s is 
raising the issue of “smart” 
mines (those that self-destruct) 
and “dumb” mines. And it is in- 
sisting on a single exception — for 
the demilitarized zone between 
North and South Korea. We de- 
mur dial “our” land mines save 
our soldiers’ lives. But none of 
these issues holds water against 
the humanitarian arguments. 

The reluctance to sigatbe ban is 
pan of an unhappy patters of a 
president who campaigned as a 
national dad He talks of die en- 
vironment as the foreign policy • 
issue of our time, but the United 
States has yet to agree to an in- 
ternational treaty on global warm- 
ing. He talks about the importance 
of banning land mines, but Amer- 
ica trims and refuses to sign on. 

In The New Yorker tins week, 
with mare than two years left of the 
Clinton presidency, a writer spec- 
ulates about what this energetic, 
young president will do next Talk 
radio? Teaching? The Senate? 
Meanwhile, the roundtables and 
experts — like our man in Akron 
— already wonder what President 
William Jefferson Clinton, 1992- 
2000, wall leave behind. 

A dangerous future is now 
spewed into the air and sown un- 
derground. It is time, at last, to 
start thinking about tomorrow. 

The Boston Globe 

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Aboard Cassini, the Stuff 
Of Our Hopes and Fears 

By Verlyn KHofconborg 


‘Sensible Uses’ for Mir 

Regarding '"The Weightless- 
ness of Space - Policy" (Opinion, 
Oct. 2). by Daniel S. Greenberg: 

With Mir mishaps daily in the 
news, it is tempting to believe that 
cooperation with Russia is at best 
anti -terrorist insurance and at 
worst merely charitable. But the 
writer misses most of the fun- 
damental points about what the 
United Stales can learn in its sup- 
port for Mir. 

Although much is known about 
weightlessness, much remains to 
be discovered about the psycho- 
logical aspects of people from dif- 
ferent cultures working together in 
space under pressure, whether to 
conduct scientific experiments or 
to fix life-threatening problems. 

Also, the art of improvising re- 
pair, which one could call the Rus- 
sian national pastime, has, sadly, 
nearly vanished in America. And 
make no mistake, the U.S. space 
shuttle Challenger, with its brittle 
CLrings, was far more dangerous 
than Mir has ever been. 

In fact. Mir is not “ram- 
shackle” in the traditional sense; 
it is a, collection of modules and 
components, some old, some new, 
constantly under inspection and 
revision, much like today’s jet air- 
liners. Like an old Boeing whose 
main tenance threshold has been 
reached. Mir will be abandoned 
when its inhabitants spend more 

time fixing than experimenting, 
which is not yet the case. 

To say that no “sensible use'* 
has been identified for the inter- 
national space station project is to 
ignore that in the 21st century 
satellites will be assembled, de- 
ployed and serviced from this sta- 
tion, not because UJ3. congress- 
men want pork in their districts, 
but because worldwide clients of 
U.S. companies — telecom users 
wanting more bandwidth, con- 
sumers wanting more media 
choice, investors trading a round 
the clock in worldwide exchanges 
— will pay for the satellite avail- 
ability that only space-based 
maintenance will ensure. 



Expatriates Count, Too 

There is indeed no systematic 
attempt, such as the census at 
home, to achieve a complete 
count of Americans living abroad. 
(“Ail Abroad! A Surge in Expa- 
triate Americans Oct. 13) This 
is most unfortunate. The psycho- 
logical and political impact of in- 
cluding Americans abroad in the 
national census cannot be over- 

It is difficult to address specific 
concerns of Americans abroad, or 
to recognize them as a valuable 
national asset, when statistical in- 
formation is not available about 

location, gender, age, family 
status, occupation, and socioeco- 
nomic conditions. Such informa- 
tion would also help Americans 
abroad present issues to Congress 
and the administration with more 
authority and credibility. 

If the government is able to tax 
Americans abroad, it should be 
able to count them. 


Associate Executive Director. 

American Citizens Abroad. 


A More Deadly Peak 

Regarding " Steam From the 
Killer Mountain Is Just the Fair- 
ies Baking Bread " (Oct. 9): 

The article states that the Hi- 
malayan peak Nang a Parbat “has 
killed more climbers — at least 80 
so far — than any other moun- 
tain.” Sadly, this is not so. In the 
Alps. Mont Blanc averages 100 
fatalities every year. 


Nyon. Switzerland. 

Look in the Mirror 

Perhaps we should view the 
scandals and ensuing inquiries in 
the White House from an entirely 
different angle; There are many 
minors in that house, all offering os 
a reflection of our society at large. 


Tucson. Arizona. 

N EW YORK — My genera- 
tion grew up pinioned be- 
tween two technological tensions: 
the patriotic optiraisni of Pres- 
ident Kennedy s manned space 
program and the fear of nuclear 
war — epitomized, when I was 
too young to understand it, by the 
Cuban missile crisis in 1962. 

Nuclear fear was. perhaps, the 
more realistic of these two emo- 
tions. It conjured up a terrible 


post-conflict America that wasn't 
actual, but that could become ac- 
tual at any moment With a few 
stunning exceptions — Alan 
Shepard's flight. John Glenn *s or- 
bit the moon landing — the op- 
timism evoked by the space pro- 
gram was always being deferred. 
Even its long-range rationale — 
the future colonization of space — 
was a deferral of sorts. 

The future that the National 
Aeronautics and Space Admin- 
istration envisioned had to be 
imagined to be believed, as did the 
future envisioned by the most per- 
suasive of anti-nuclear activists. 
But for some reason it is nearly 
always easier to imagine your 
fears than your hopes. 

These two tensions converge in 
a single NASA mission, which 
began Wednesday with the launch 
of the Samm -bound Cassini 
spacecraft. NASA calls Cassini 
“the largest, heaviest and most 
complex interplanetary spacecraft 
ever built.” It is carrying 72 
pounds (32 kilograms) of plutoni- 
um to power the probe. 

In scale alone, Cassini is 
something of a relic, a reminder of 
a more politically solvent NASA. 
The furor surrounding its plutoni- 
um is also something of a relic, 
harking back to a time not long ago 
when the thought of nuclear war 
was the gold standard of sobriety. 

Critics of Cassini worry, in the 
words of Karl Grossman, author of 
“The Wrong Stuff,” that “if the 
Cassini probe blows up, we will be 
in a heap of trouble, as plutonium 
could rain from the skies.” NASA 
claims tha t the potential dangftr 
posed by the plutonium is not 
large. The White House Office of 
Science and Technology Policy 
agrees, arguing that “the important 
benefits of this scientific mission 
outweigh the potential risks.” 

I prefer even the soft patter of 

anti-nuclear rhetoric to plutonium 
rain but 1 also want to know what 
Cassini will be able to tell sci- 
entists when it finally reaches Sat- 
urn seven years from now. 

The kind of conflict surround- 
ing Cassini is nearly always read 
by one side os the struggle be- 
tween democracy and institutional 
science. But the struggle really lies 
between the democratic right of 
oversight in technological matters, 
which has been grievously neg- 
lected in die past, and the scientific 
impulse, a restless, altogether hu- 
man curiosity about the physical 
universe. Democracy and science 
are not antithetical Both work best 
when practiced skeptically, in 
company with each other. 

.Science can be simple, and it 
can be complex. It can be per- 
formed- by individuals on tiny 
budgets and by bureaucracies as 
curiously intricate as NASA and 
the Department of Defense. Some 
of the scientific enterprises that lie 
ahead of humanity, like many in 
the -past, will merit more than 
scrutiny; they will deserve re- 
buke. All of them wifi require risk 
assessment and oversight. 

But to assess risk you must be 
able to gauge the value of the 
knowledge — always an unknown 
— for which risk is undertaken. 

■ Thai is the hard part — imagining 
hope and fear with equal realism. 
It's easier to weigh the danger in 
Cassini than what it may reveal 
about Saturn. But that’s no reason 
Cassini shouldn’t fiy. 

* 'Long before a thousand years 
have passed,” Freeman Dyson 
writes in “Imagined Worlds.” 
“life will have spread over the 
solar system.” 1 had hoped, when 
I was a third grader, to be on Mars 
by the time 1 was 24, an age that 
seemed to me then to Lie deep in 
the beyond of time. Oddly, the 
future I imagined at age 8 was one 
in which humans were merely 
more widely distributed across the 
planets. But almost a whole new 
cosmology has materialized since 
then, revealing a universe that is 
older, larger, stranger and more 
dynamic than anyone could have 
guessed in 1960. 

Thanks in part to missions like 
Cassini and the Hubble Space 
Telescope, I live in a completely 
different universe than 1 did when 
I was a kid, and that may be space 
travel enough for me. 

New York Times Service 


'Cifrh* 1 '- >•* 



By Deu Birkett. 296 pages. S23.95. 

Reviewed by Jonathan Yardley 

I T WAS to Pitcairn Island in the South 
Pacific — as every schoolchild not so 
long ago knew — that Fletcher Christian 
and his men fled in 1789 with their 
» Polynesian inamoratas. They had rau- 
% tinted against Captain Bligh of HMS 
Bounty .sent him off in a longboat with a 
tew loyal subordinates, and bumbled 
their way to the minuscule rock island in 
the middle of nowhere. In no time at all 
they and their place of refuge became the 
stuff of romantic legend; though all the 
evidence suggests that their life there 
was anything except idyllic, Pitcairn be- 
came. for millions who never had a hope 
of seeing it. what Dea Birkett c all s our 
island, everyone’s island, anyone's is- 
’ land ... the garden of Eden.” 

Birkett, a British journalist, was one 
of those who fell under Pitcairn’s spelL 
“Thirty years old and unmanned, ” die 
jk decided a few years ago to see if she 
™ could go there, to live among the few 
dozen descendants of Christian and tus 
men. Presumably she had this book in 
mind from the outset, which as in all 
such ventures lends a calculated air to 
what purports to be an escape and an 
adventure, bw that does not significantly 
diminish the many pleasures that Ser- 
pent in Paradise affords. . 

Whatever she may have meant ms 
book to become as she set off on her 
joumev. Birkett has written a cautionary 
talc, the moral of which is: if yo ^ have a 

romantic dream, keep it a dream, weap 

hold a place within our hearts -— a pertect 
place which is in the shape of an 
Island," she writes. -It provutenrfege 
.and streneth: we can always retreat roitt 
perfection. My mistake was to go there. 
Dreams should be nurtured and. dots- 
orated upon: they should never be visited. 

By going to Pitcairn, I had vanquished 
die perfect place within myself.” 

Getting there was no easier than being 
there. To begin with, Pitcairn is deeply 
suspicious of outsiders and requires a 
“license to land” of any visitor. A li- 
cense is hard to come by; only by using 
tire rase that she wanted to study their 
postal service was Birkett able to per- 
suade the islanders to let her join them. 

That accomplished, she then had to 
get there, which is exceedingly difficulL 
No ships or airplanes make scheduled 
stops at Pitcairn. By luck Birkett was 
able to book passage on a Norwegian 
tanker bound from Houston to New Zea- 

“I’d have a stress-free time among 
these South Pacific people, observing, 
listening, joining in and then recording 
my impressions in my journal each 
night, rd live as they did, and I saw 
waves of lazy days stretching out before 
me as I dabbled in the island’s crafts — 
making bundles of putty-colored paste 
known as-pilhi, weaving baskets, paint- 
ing faattie leaves and engaging in the 
other gentle arts I’d read about in books. 
If the weather was fine, 1 could go for a 

swim or fish from the rocks, take a walk 
to Ate other side of the island, and settle 
under a pandanus tree to read or write in 
my journal.” 

For a while that seemed a reasonable 
expectation. Birkett was welcomed 
warmly by her hosts, Ben and Irma 
Christian, and their son, Dennis, who 
cast a longing eye at her. She was given 
jobs to do ami ‘began to make her way 
into the tiny community. She learned to 
understand and even to speak the pidgin 
Englis h the natives spoke. She felt some- 
what suffocated by the Seventh Day 
Adventism to which the island had con- 
verted in 1886 — no drinking, no dan- 
cing, no smoking — but soon found that 
younger people took it lightly and had 
established a means of escape. She be- 
came adept at cooking withm the limits 


imposed by the island's food supply. She 
also came to appreciate the all-ior-one, 
one-for-all system by which the isolated 
little community lived and the “gen- 
erosity of spirit” this reflected. 

But within that very system lay the 
seeds of her rejection by the island. She 
had a brief tryst with a handsome young 
islander and was immediately found out, 
indeed presumably was observed in the 
act People who had been friendly to her 
now declined to speak, or spoke rudely: 

“Whenever I left my room, I never 
knew how I would be greeted. Neither 
Dennis nor Irma had spoken to me for 
two days, and when I’d seen Alison in 
the store, she had ignored me, too. When 
1 cracked ajoke, I didn’t know if it would 
be received with silence or a hearty 
laugh. When I cooked a meal, I didn’t 
know if it would be welcomed with faint 
praise or, as Irma had done the night 
before, with a damning remark: ‘Not 
even this lettuce is wash. It dirty as a 
brute!’ ” 

N OT merely bad she had an assig- 
nation with a native, learning in the 
aftermath that this was permitted only to 
natives themselves, but she had inad- 
vertently revealed herself as a writer. 
Writing, to the islanders, was the equiv- 
alent of spying, and implicit in it was the 
certainty of betrayal, of telling the is- 
land’s secrets to the world, “making 
public very personal things about a Pit- 
cairner, and Pitcairn itself — the 38 
knitted souls — would feel offended and 
intruded upon.” 

It seems to safe to assume that this is 
how Pitcairn feels now, if its residents 
have had the opportunity to read “Ser- 
pent in Paradise.” Yet it is a portrait, not 
an expose, and is written with far more 
sympathy than disdain. It hardly will 
hurt the islanders, and to the extent that it 
helps outsiders understand them, it may 
even help them. 

Washington Post Service 

Alan Truscou 



Gilbert would have called 
"a most ingenious paradox 
occur occasionally at 

iHidgc table, in thed^granred 

deal notice that North-South 

have slightly bencr pro^ 

.in six hearts, a 
- than in six diQmonds.a9^jra 
.fir. Oddly, the partnerehip 
that had room to maneuver m 
-the bidding 

* wrong fit. if* diagramed 
auction. South made a 
■ overall of one heart 
club, confident that ti«b£ 
. ding would not die, and East 
.* West bid spades to the four 

t ^VhenNonh supported^ 

moods auhe five ievcLS^uh 

continued « slam. When a 

club was led, he was Sony he 
had not bid six hearts. In that 
contract be would have been 
able to reach dummy with the 

third round of trumps and take 

the indicated diamond fin- 
esse: a doubleton king with 
fc»st was more than three 
times as likely as a singleton 

king with WesL 

When East won the nrst 
trick and led a second club. 
South had no choice. He 
ruffed, shrugged, and pteyed 
the ace of diamonds, when 
the iHng appeared he claimed 
his slam happily and his op- 
ponents silently cursed the 
cods of the game. 

He would have been sub- 
jected to a small temptation if 
East had returned a spade at 
the second trick, giving S with 
the entry he warned. But 
South would have resisted the 

temptation, knowing that Easr 
would not give him a chance 
to finesse in diamonds if the 
finesse was going to suc- 

In the replay. West con- 
fused the issue by opening 
two diamonds. This was a 
Multi bid, showing a weak 
two-bid in a major suit This 
had a doable impact: East had 
do opportunity to bid his 
clubs, and South had no oc- 
casion to Bin with diamonds. 
East responded two hearts, 
the normal action with neither 
a heart fit nora strong hand, 
and the South player. Mats 
Nilsland of Sweden, leaped to 
six hearts. 

This was a reasonable 
gamble, and West, with' little 
clue, led a spade. 

Dummy’s ace took care of 
the club loser, and South drew 

trumps. Now the slam was 
safe, and the play of the dia- 
monds simply decided an 

* A 10 S 
0 J762 


♦ Q98712 
<7 J4 


* 9 3 5 3 


* K J 83 

0 10 S 3 

* A KQ72 


O A Q 984 


East amt West were vulnerable 
The bidding: 





• Pass 




2 * 



A 0 








West fed the chib mac. 

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\t»I l^t* 11 * 


PAGE 10 

African Adventures: Train Rides and Sunset Cruises 

Living Large on Rovos Rail , 
Luxury in a Rolling Museum 

By Donald G. McNeil Jr. 

AVh" York Tunes Service 

P RETORIA, South Africa — 
We've all known him. The 
little boy whose devotion to 
the details of his 1:87 scale 
model steam train is so obsessive that he 
paints the microscopic leases of its tiny 
lamps just the right shade of amber. 
Now imagine that little boy at about 2: 1 
scale, and 51 years old. 

Now imagine that his train is a full- 
grown one, too, though it’s a good deal 
older than he is, a rolling museum of the 
glory days of the cbemin de fer. And 
imagine that you can buy a ticket on it, 
and sleep inside its rumbling coaches of 
polished mahogany, or watch the starlit 
savanna roll by from the observation car 
while dignified waiters hand you flutes 
of Champagne, your children play board 
games with new friends at your feet, and 
grass fires started by cinders from the 
locomotive leap into the African night. 

That's what it's like to ride Rovos 

The train starts in Cape Town, one of 
the world’s loveliest cities, traverses the 
length of South Africa, following the 
tracks that Cecil Rhodes once dreamed 
would stretch the British Empire from 
the Cape to Cairo, makes a left at Pre- 
toria (capital of the Boers, one of the 
major stumbling blocks to Rhodes’s 
dream), slips into Botswana and Zim- 
babwe and ends at Victoria Falls. 

A Full-Size Tot 

Rovos Rail is not the only luxury train 
prowling South Africa's rails. Trie re- 
cently refurbished govemmenr-owned 
Blue Train, which also runs from Cape 
Town to Pretoria to Victoria Falls, is 
certainly the most famous. But none so 
completely reflect the personality of its 
owner as Rovos, the full-size toy of 
Rohan Vos, a former auto parts magnate 
from the rown of Witbank whose hobby, 
restoring old railway carriages, turned 
into a career after lie was snubbed by 
South African Railways. According to 
one of his train managers, Paul O'Con- 
nell. he asked the railroad how much it 
would charge him to use its tracks to 
take his family on vacation on a small 
train he had restored. "They named 
some extortionate sum.” O’Connell 
said. “He said it was ridiculous. They 
said, 'So sell tickets.* So he did. That 
was eight years ago — and he’s been 
losing money ever since.” 

If Vos is indeed losing money, it is 
perhaps because of his sparc-no-expense 
attention to details, his appetite for more 
trains — he now has two. the Edwardian 
Pride of Africa and the Classic Pride of 
Africa — and the expensive delays 
caused by government bureaucracies. 

He has put together his long green- 

and-gold trains — ours, the Classic, bad 
21 cars — by buying diem from scrap 
yards, little railway museums, private 
collectors and other sources. Most were 
built between 1919 and 1970. but he 
even has an 1893 locomotive. They are 
refurbished at his sheds in Pretoria, re- 
built in a way that blends traditional 
woods and fixtures with modem con- 
veniences like hidden minibars and 
roomy bathrooms. 

The two Rovos Rail trains run several 
routes, with the trip from Cape Town to 
Pretoria to Victoria Falls the most pop- 
ular. There are also two 24-hour trips: 
one from Pretoria to the Mozambique 
border, with a stop for a safari in Kruger 
Park; another from Cape Town along 
the mountainous southern coast to 
Knysna. Next year there will be an 
experimental jaunt through the Nam- 
ibian desert to Swakopmnnd. Most pas- 
sengers ride one way, or even one leg of 
a trip, and fly back. 

CMAKY kotil For my family — my 
wife, Suzanne Daley, and our daughters 
Avery, II, and Galen, 7 — the trip 
began in Pretoria, where we gathered ai 
9 AM. one Monday in early August in a 
creaky but charming 1892 hotel, the 
Victoria, right across from the elegant 
old Pretoria Station designed by Sir 
Herbert Baker, architect of many of 
South Africa’s best civic buildings. 

Even the 1 1-room hotel, which also 
houses the company headquarters, is a 
train bufF s delight. While porters strap 
nametags onto your luggage, you can 
wander halls illuminated by stained- 
glass windows and peek into rooms with 
pressed-tin ceilings, claw-footed 
bathtubs and brass beds. 

Passengers — a maximum of 72 — 
gather in the dining room for a short 
speech by Vos, which combines a wel- 
come, a history of the train and the rules 
of the rails: Don't pull the emergency 
brake for fun. Do shut your windows 
when not in your carriage, since some 
thieves can run as fast as the train. Don't 
throw cigarettes out the windows. Do 
dress for dinner — black tie optional — 
which will be announced by a gentle 

And keep a sense of humor about 
delays. There are two customs posts and 
seven engine changes on the Prctoria- 
Victoria Falls leg, and sometimes the 
locomotive hasn’t arrived yet. "It's not 
easy running a Swiss- watch train ser- 
vice through Africa.” Vos said. 

Rovos Rail claims to have the world’s 
biggest compartments; there were only 
three in our car, and two in the fanciest 
one. Ours measured about 18 feet by 6 
feet — large enough so that the double 
beds don't fold away. Each carpeted 
room is paneled in beautiful West Af- 
rican sapele mahogany and has a writing 
table, mini bar. air-conditioner, etched- 

Victoria Falls Is Booming, 
Perhaps a Bit Too Much 


By Suzanne Daley 

New York Times Service 

we — A sunset cruise on the 
Zambezi? Who with $25 to 
spare could resist? And for 
die first hour it delivers all die magic the 
name implies — a languid ride along a 
seemingly pristine African river. 

There is nothing too dreamy about the 
boat — bare wood-plank floors set on 
two pontoons, plastic chairs, drinks 
stored in rusting coolers and offered in 
well-scratched plastic tumblers. But the 
water is calm and the banks are lnsh.Ob 
oat side, we pass a crocodile catching 
the last bit of warmth, bring on some 
rocks. On the other, there are three hip- 
pos, submerged to die eyeballs but oc- 
casionally yawning for our entertain- 
ment. Strange birds swoop and call over 
our heads. 

Then, as die hour of -sunset draws 
closer, so do the other boats. At first 
there are two behind us. Then one on the 
left And there, to the right; another one. 
By the time that huge, flaming -orange 
ball of a sun melts behind the palm trees 
on the horizon, we are surrounded. 
There are more than a dozen boats lined 
op to see the event — all shapes and 
sizes, all powered by outboard motors. 

The signs of a booming tourist in- 
dustry in Victoria Falls are easy to see, 
from the crowd around the Wimpy's 
fast-food restaurant which charges a 
minimum to sit at its tables, to the 
packed zebra-striped tour buses whizz- 
ing past (he dusty four-block area some 
might refer to as downtown. 

The main draw, of course, is down- 
stream from the sunset cruises: The 
world's biggest waterfall crashing into 
die gorges between Zimbabwe and 
Zambia and kicking up a mist that rises 
1,000 feet (300 meters) into the air and 
can be seen from miles away. 

It is a spectacular sight and re mains 
relatively unscathed, apart from the nar- 
row concrete path bunt so tourists can 
meander through the miniature rain 
forest created, by the mist. The only 
fence that keeps you from plummeting 
over the cliff is a thigh-high tangle of 
bra n ches, in some places, not even that 
exists. An untended child can walk right 

All aboard for a trip on the restored trains of Rovos Rail; the Victoria 
Hotel in Pretoria , and one of the Victoria F alls chasms. 

glass reading lamps, electric outlets and 
real closets. la the closets. were bath- 
robes and, in case one wan ted to lean out 
the window, a pair of plastic goggles, as 
a protection against cinders. Each also 
has, by railway standards, a huge bath- 
room, with a real glass-and-mahogany 
shower. The bigger compartments have 
tubs. The only thing I missed on tbe train 
was any sense of connection to the out- 
side world. There is one cellular tele- 
phone for emergencies, bat otherwise 
the lack of television, phones and the 
like is deliberate, in keeping with die 
spirit of old-time travel 
Remembering the one train ride of 
my youth, I gave my daughters die only 
warning I could remember “Don’t 
flush the toilet when we’re in a station.” 
“Oh, it’s all right,” Karien Coetzer, our 
hostess, said instantly. “Go ahead. 
They fine us, but we pay. We want our 
guests to be comfortable." 

That was my introduction to the 
slightly cavalier attitude that being a 
passenger in a tolling cocoon of wealth 
and finery traversing Africa's poverty 
inevitably makes one a party to. 

L IFE in South Africa is one long 
study in that difference, of course, 
but most whites never roll through 
black shantytowns as this train does. On 
our trip, the people we passed generally 
smiled and waved and, when tbe train 
was stopped at a border post, walked up 
to the observation car’s deck to say 
hello. Most riders — 90 percent of 
whom were European, American or 
Australian — responded in friendly 

The scenery from the train is vast and 
romantic, but a bit monotonous, on the 
central African plateau — consisting of 
dry farmland and dry savanna with 
thorn trees twisted into ghostly shapes. 
The mountains around Cape Town are 
stunning, and the Maropo Hills and bal- 
ancing rocks of Zimbabwe are pretty, 
but there are long stretches of flatland in 

Once yon are settled in, there isn’t too 
much to do except read, talk, eat and 
drink, so meals take on great impor- 
tance. There were two dining cars, 
enough for all the passengers, so there 
was no rushing through a first sittingor 
waiting hungrily for a second. The 
“Letaba” was particularly beautiful a 
1924 car with seven pairs of carved-roof 

arches and graceful al umin um fans. Un- 
like other care Vos rescued from scrap 
yards, it was part of a museum and then 
used for VIP dinners by a brandy dis- 
tillery. Even tbe mismatched cutlery on 
the white linen was intriguing — each 
piece bore die initials of a railway line. 
“That butter dish is older than I am,” - 
the wine steward, Bruce Parkinson, said 
appreciatively, translating its initials as - 
foe Afrikaans ones for South African 
Railways Catering. 

HVK-COUBSBMIALS Each meal was a 
set menu, five courses with a choice of 
two entities, and if one didn’t like foe - 
grilled duck breast in an orange liqueur 
sauce, one would probably like foe por- 
tobello mushroom in a tomato cooks or 
foe rainbow trout with hollandaise. 
There were two sparkling wines, two 
whites and two reds, ports and brandies, 
all South African — surprisingly good, 
middle-priced wines. 

There were two club cars, each until 
comfortable couches and a convivial 
barman. A few guests overdid it with foe 
free drinks, but in a dignified way — 
and frankly, you stagger so much hying 
to walk the length of a moving train that 
it's hard to tell. 

There were several delays. We were 
never individually questioned at cus- 
toms, and foe Botswanan crossing was 
fairly quick, but theZimbabwean agents 
decided to count every bottle of wine for 
tax purposes and held us up for four 
hours, which meant our three-hour tour 
of Bulawayo had to be canceled 

Nonetheless, we made it to our last 
stop 10 minutes early, gliding into foe 
front yard of foe Victoria Falls HoteL 

“That was great,” was Avery’s ver- 
dict- .“It was uke a hotel only better, 
because tbe scenery kept cha ng in g ” 

The 48-hour Pretoria- Victoria leg 
costs Sl 200 a person, sharing a deluxe 
room ( three per sleeping car) and 
$1 630 for a royal room (two per car). 
There are also two 24-hour trips, leav- 
ing once every ruw weeks. One goes from 
Pretoria to the Mozambique border, with 
an overnight stop near Kruger Park at 
which a night at a game lodge and 
optional safari can be arranged. It costs 
$493 deluxe . $664 royal. The lodge is 
extra. Another goes from Cape Town 
along the southern coast to Knysna, on a 
lagoon between ocean and forest. It 
costs $6/5 deluxe and $840 royal. 

For Oyster Lovers, a Feast With the Growers 

By Patricia Wells 

IflUm.sti.'Ml Tribune 

P ARIS — “Oysters,” says 
Yvon Madec. skillfully forc- 
ing a knife between the shells 
of a tiny Breton oyster, “are 
like wine. They owe everything to their 
terrthr." But in this case, it is foe sea, its 
salinity, temperature and plankton, and 
not foe soil, that gives each oyster its 
special iodine-infused aroma, flavor. 
Texture and color. 

Madec is a passionate, successful, 
and ambitious oyster grower who has 
made a name for himself in recent years 
with his tiny crinkle-shelled oysters 
known as boudeuses. from the north- 
B ret on port of Prat-au-Coum, which 
produces some of the brightest, most 
saline oysters to be found in this land. 
He was holding court last Saturday in 
front of the stylish, popular brasserie 
Cap Vernei, one of chef Guy Savoy’s 
satellite restaurants and one of foe best. 

Beginning last weekend and every 
other Samrdav through Nov. 22, the Cap 
Vemet will be hosting various oyster 
growers from Brittany and Normandy, 

pairing them op with 

wine growers from 

throughout France. 

For oyster and wine 

lovers, there is no bet- 

ter way to understand " tiJ I I 

the products and foe - — — Y V/\ \ 

marriage of foe two ' 

than to meet foe — — yl 1 

maker face to face. *— V 

Madec was teamed up — _ " 

with foe Alsatian ^ 

winemaker Andre Os- = f 
tertag, whose bone- -^.1 

dry white Sylvaner ==r* gw 

stood shoulder-to- of 

shoulder with Ma- . — ~ 

dec’s remarkable w 

oysters: They’re h 

called boudeuses. or HjjTT f 
pouters, because their gj Hsl 
shells will grow only 
so big. The shell of a nTuMiniiiS 
three-year-old bou- 
deuse is about a third 
the size of any other “full grown” 
oyster, but foe meat inside is as plump 
and generous os its full-sized 'counter- 

i While other grow- 
ers may raise the 
boudeuses, no one 
has oyster beds as 
rich, cold and saline 
as Madec’s, and so 
throughout France his 
name has become 
linked with the deli- 
ciously rich curiosity, 
well worth seeking 
oul While it is early 
in foe oyster-eating 
season (colder waters 
make for better 
oysters) Madec noted 
that the recent lack 
of rain has made for 
particularly intense, 
full-flavored oysters. 

Throughout fo e 
“oyster market” pro- 
motion, which runs 

DandSMomn- (T 1 ?? A.M. to 1 
P.M. evoy Other Sat- 
urday, guests are welcome to chat with 
foe growers, sample both products, and 
can either dine in or take home both foe 
sparkling fresh oysters and wine. 

But there are more than oysters and 
platters of fresh fish and shellfish at Cap 
vemet, where chef Stephane P errand 
and sous-chef Emmanuel Leblay — 
both youthful and ambitious perfection- 
ists — offer an appealing creative mean 
that features everything from a snappy 
and modem miDe-feu iUe of fresh mar- 
inated sardines enlivened with a touch 
of balsamic vinegar and a confit of 
tomatoes, to an earthy casserole of fra- 
grant Lyonnaise pork sausage teamed 
up with potatoes and mushrooms. 
Equally delicious and fresh is foe cap- 
pelletti of langoustines floating in a 
creamy crab-meat soup, or foe ethereal 
parfait of tomato, caviar, embellished 
with a crunchy cabbage salad. 

The Cap Vemet wine list includes 
Ostertag’s 1995 Sylvaner (130 francs), 
and the dry sauvignon blanc Quincy 
from foe Loire (foe 1995 Domains Mar- 
don at 142 francs), but could use some 
beefing up in Us selection of reds. 

Cap Vemet, 82 Avenue Marceau. 
75008 Paris: tel: 01 -47-20-20-40: fax: 
01-47-20-95-36. Open daily. All major 
credit cards. About 200 francs a la 
carte . including service but not nine. 

exists. An untended child can walk right 
over the edge. 

A Prkk Ovei the Edge 

But lie down not on foe flowers, 
please, tike some people — and peek 
over dial edge, into foe Boiling Pot 
below foe falls. Yon will likely see 
swarms of orange life jackets and blue 
helmets far below — tourists clamber- 
ing onto rafts to ride foe Whitewater. Or 
roll over and look up, and any time after 
7 AJVL you may see two helicopters 
criss-crossing the sky. It’s $65 for a 1 5- 
xninute ride. And what a ride. But when 
it dips sideways to afford a stomach- 
churning view straight down into foe 
cauldron, foe thwok-thwok of the rotors 
carries for miles. 

A Victoria Falls vacation these days 
is a cross between visiting a nature 
preserve and an amusement park. You 
can jump off a 93-year-old bridge tied to 
a bungee cord. You can take a short, 
thrilling Whitewater ride or make it a 
three-day expedition downstream. You 
can go “river boarding”— shooting foe 
rapids on a surfboard. In addition to 
taking a helicopter ride, yon can fly over 
foe falls in a small plane or even a one- ■ 
passenger ultralight that boasts “low 
noise pollution.” And, of course, there 
are a range of Land Rover safaris 
through foe nearby parks. Most of foe 
hotels have activity desks, with staff 
ready to sign you up depending on your 
degree of common sense. 

In the last few years, the number of 
tourists visiting Victoria Falls has 
skyrocketed to about 400,000, roughly 
twice as many as in the late 1980s. They 
come from all over the worid,'but there 
has been an influx of Sooth Africans 
since the collapse of apartheid has im- 
proved relations between the two coun- 
tries. A sporty lot, they tend to head to 
foe line at die bungee-jumping booth. 
Still, my husband, foe fellow with foe 
wire-rimmed glasses who studied foe 
classics at Berkeley, did it too, so you 
just can't depend on stereotypes. 

To anyone who has seen foe crowds 

and parking lots at American or Euro- 
pean tourist destinations, it is hard to 
-. conclude that tourism is “ruining” Vic- 
toria Falls. But conservationists have 
begun sounding foe alarm, warning that 
• the thousands of visitors flocking to see 
the area’s natural beauty could well end 
up destroying it “It’s all gening rather 
, out of hand,” said Dick Pitman, the 
head of foe Zambezi Society, a non- 
profit conservation group based in Har- 
are, the capitaL “It’s an unplanned free- 
for-all up there, and that’s not good.” 

To be sure, this is not yet Niagara 
Falls. No spotlights. No neon signs. No 
malls. No discount outlets. No billboards. 
And no row of smelly chemical factories, 
a less-foan-pleasam feature of Niagara 
Falls just upstream from foe cataract 
It’s not even close. In feel foe stores 
in Victoria Falls have only a few local 
crafts and some safari-style clothing for 
sale. By Western standards, foe place is 
kill pretty raw. But Pitman ana others 
have called for a moratorium on new 
development until a regional plan, is 
agreed to. Some of the concern is over 
issues tourists are hardly aware of, like 
foe major expansion needed to foe 
sewage system. The town of Victoria 
Falls has nearly doubled in size in foe 
1990s to about 25,000 people today. 

Zimbabwe officials, however, have 
declined to put foe brakes on all de- 
velopment and have instead asked each 
potential builder to submit an environ- 
mental impact statement until a master, 
plan is developed. Zimbabwe remains a ' 
poor country, and Victoria Falls has foe 
country’s fastest-growing local econ- 
omy at the moment 

T HE first tourists arrived at foe turn 
of foe century. The original Vic- 
toria Falls Hotel was begun in 
1904, and it is still possible to enjoy a 
gin fizz on foe back veranda of foe brick 
Edwardian structure, which has 185 
rooms. Thanks to a recent renovation in 
foe British Empire style, it is even pos- 
sible to raise your glass in a toast to King 
George V and Queen Mary, whose por- 
traits now hang in foe lobby. 

But foe guards are always on watch 
for campers from the trailer park nearby 
who, as one hotel administrator put it, 
‘‘try to sneak in in their grubby shorts 
and filthy socks and use the swimming 
pool with our guests or do their laundry 1 
in our bathrooms.” 

Since part of our vacation was the 
ride there by steam train, we only stayed 
in Vic Falls two days with our two 
children — and we went in for foe 
amusement park aspects. Tbe first day 
we were in line at foe helicopter pad by 
9 A.M. — a minibus fetches you from 
your hotel — ■ and didn’t regret it a bit 
. It’s over in 15 minutes. Tbe pilot 
doesn’t even say hello. But you get a far 
better understanding of foe size of foe 
fissures in the earth that created the falls 
and the gorges around it than you ever 
co uld by wallring foe rims of them. 

From inside the gardens of foe Vic- 
toria Falls Hotelone would never know 
there is another building in town. The 
view over, foe back lawn is of the Bat- 
orika Gorge below the fells and the 
graceful railroad bridge crossing iL One 
could argue that foe bridge, built on the 
orders of Cecil Rhodes, the diamond ! 
magnate and empire-builder, to further 
his dream of linking the Cape to Cairo, 
was foe first manmade object to ruin foe 
view. But gin-sippers are more likely to 
grumble about the sight of bungee- 
jumpears bopping off it every 20 minutes 
or so, despite foe fact that , even wifo 
binoculars, they are mere specks at the 
ends, of threads. 

Some things about the area haven't 
changed in centuries. On the path be- 
tween the fence surrounding the Vic- 
toria Falls Hotel and the fence surround- , 
mg foe park around the falls, one steps ■ 
over what sure looks like elephant dung. • 
A hotel security guard on the path coo- ; 
ysitis it — not only elephants but buf- 
falo, two of the most danserousannnals 
in Africa, regularly wander through. 

If you get stomped, it’s largely your ? 

Shearwater Adventures in Victoria . 
Falls. (263-13) 4471, can arrange 
Whitewater rafting ($85 a person for a ; 
half day), bungee jumping ($90) and 
helicopter flights ($65 for 12 to 15 ‘ 


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PAGE 11 




^San Agustin: An Archaeological Trek in a Troubled Land 

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"L J^ atlon destina ^on, not only be- 

caiS nf Tenf ^- Vi0 - ,ence but bL 

SSfL f ^ nwdiocnty of most hotels 
ami restaurants outside the big cities 
Yet, this visitor found an abundance of 
spectacular vtews and historical creas- 
~ Ihankfully ' wilness ed no vi- 

Jl*}™* wi f h a len er from Medellin- 
Fnends were planning a trip to the south- 
western archaeological site of San 
* Agustin; would I join them? I landed in 
«f Bogota, officially Santa Fe de Bogota. 

fr£n n .hi tltUd - e ,° f 2,650 raeUirs (8,700 
feet), the capital is famous for its traffic 

and its and 
emerald peddling. An alarming shortage 
of water is announced for the year 9 OOD 
and water restrictions are already en- 
forced. But Bogota also has a wealth of 
we -preserved historic buildings, espe- 
cially in and around La Candelaria, the 
oldest pan of the city, with its cobbled 
streets of pink, yellow and green houses 
and carved wooden balconies. After 
some sleuthing in halting Sp anish I dis- 
covered, in the vault of a private libnuy. 


Directed by Xavier Durringer. France. 
They hug and kiss at family reunions, but 
kill ar a cross word. They are goodfellas, 
French style, with their macbo jokes, 
sentimental bonding rituals and cruel or- 
gies. Francois { Amaud Giovaninetti), an- 
gelic looks, is the son of a severe and 
teirible godfather (Daniel Duval) and part 
of the life until he looses his buddies, one 
by one, and learns that there is no honor 
among thieves. He falls in love with 
Claire (Claire Keim), who tries to steer 
him toward redemption and good works. 
Xavier Durringer, who wrote the script 
with the ex-convict Jean Miez. may well 
A have been inspired by Martin Scorsese, 
’ but he comes up with something original 
in his excavation of a barren, ugly un- 
derworld. Each short scene is set like a 
right to the jaw; brutal faces are shot close 
up. mouths spewing tough talk. Miez is 
also a force in the part of an aging drug, 
a father figure to wayward kids. Duval 
as the bad father is a study in aridity; 
Gerald Laroche as a schizoid who has not 
a gram of feeling for human life, in- 
cluding his own, is blood-curdling good, 
but baby-faced Giovaninetti seems to 
lack the sniff of heroes. Most of the 
movie is, if bumpy going, convincing, 
except when we get’to the redemption, for 
Durringer has based young Francois’ ad- 
ventures on Francis of Assisi, the saint 
who gave up his father’s fortune to devote 
himself to the poor. During the last half 
hour, the director loses his momentum — 
would that his intentions bad been less 
good. {Joan Dupont, IHT) 

Seven Years in Tibjet 

Directed bv Jean-Jacques Annaud. 

On the topic of "Seven Years in Tibet,” 
4 which marks Brad Pin’s blest movie, 
y accent and hairdo, let’s get to the polit- 
ical stuff. Ultimately, it’s the only thing 
that matters in this fanciful account of die 
Austrian mountaineer and Nazi party 
member Heinrich Harrer. Late in the 
storv. which takes Harrer to Tibet in the 
latter stages of World War EL, Mao 
Zedong's troops invade the mountainous 
nation with unequivocal and unprovoked 
brutality. There is nothing fictional about 
this 1949 invasion, or China’s sub- 
sequent rape and desecration of the cul- 
ture. its Buddhist beliefs and its people, 
which continues today. In 1939, leaving 
his pregnant wife behind, the arrogant, 

. self-obsessed Harrer decides to conquer 
wi _ r»_ .1 am nf ttu> Himalavas 

US. -J»- 

ife 'A.r-. 

nujuwn ■ - . - 

Thewlis), he immediately runs into set- 
backs; an injured ankle, an avalanche 
and — after World War U breaks out — 
capture by the British in northern India. 
After several botched escape attempts, 
Harrer and Aufschnaiter finally break 
free. Dressed in rags, they head toward 
Lhasa, the holy city of the Dalai Lama. 

the Lechuga (The Lettuce), an 18th- 
centmy monstrance. The five-kilogram 
(1 1 -pound) vessel of gold and enamel is 
inlaid with 168 amethysts, 28 diamonds, 

13 rubies and a mesmerizing 1,485 em- 
eralds — thus its intriguing name. 

The Plaza Bolivar is the heart of the 
capital, with the cathedral (closed, alas, 
for repairs) and the 17tb-centmy chapel 
of El Sagrario along one side. Also on 
the plaza is the Palacio de Justicia, which 
was stormed by the police in 1985 after 
guerrillas had taken the Supreme Court 
hostage. The Palacio, which was gutted 
by fire, is now under reconstruction. 

The colonial churches nearby con- 
trast the austerity of their exteriors with 
the opulent decoration of their interiors; 
The baroque altarpiecesand the realistic 
statuaiy, including “Cristos Caidos," 
unusual representations of a fallen 
Christ, form a rich backdrop to the re- 
ligious devotion which we observed 
throughout the country. Nearby, the 
Moseo del Oro’s 30,000 gold pieces 
attest to the artistic sophistication 
reached by the ind^ ar i pop ulatio ns be- 
fore they were decimated in the v ain 
Spanish quest for El Dorado. 

National, a former panopticon built in 
1874, a copy of a Philadelphia pen- 
itentiary, holds "the largest collection 
of Fernando Bolero's paintings." And 
in Medellin, the Museo de Antioquia i 
boasts the largest collection of the 
artist’s work. Both museums' claims 


\ ■ ■■■' •' VvjUjfi 

m?**- •«*-**■■ 'tBIm 

The guardians of the tombs at San Agustin. 

EUiahelh lUipijxu 

are accurate since the Medellin col- 
lection also includes a dozen sculp- 

Medellin, best known as home to the 
declining, eponymous drug cartel and 
its late leader, Pablo Escobar, presents 
little of interest for the tourist* A dy- 
namic industrial center, it has replaced 
most of its colonial architecture with a 
cluster of skyscrapers. 

From Medellin to San Agustin we 
woold have to drive 900 kilometers (560 

As Harrer trudges ever nearer to his 
meeting with the 14-year-old Dalai 
Lama (flayed by 'delightful Bhutanese 
actor Jarayang Jamtsho Wangchuk), he 
mopes about the son, Rolf, whom he has 
never seen. Pitt, whose attempts to sound 
Irish in “The Devil’s Own" ought to be 
used to cheer op terminal patients, dives 
headlong into the goofy accent abyss 
again. Imagine a California beach bum 
trying to sound Teutonic. Yon’d be able 
to forget this if the movie allowed you to 
lose yourself in the story. But this hap- 
pens niegularly. Screenwriter Becky 
Johnston and director Jean-Jacques An- 
naud (who made “The Name of the 
Rose" and “The Bear") get lost in the 
dull snows of an overblown would-be 
epic. And apart from some passing ref- 
erences at the beginning, the film all but 
glosses over Harrer’? association with 
the Nazis. (Desson Howe, WP) 

The Locusts 

Directed by John Patrick Kelley. US. 

In the late 1960s, Clay Hewitt (Vince 
Vaughn), a handsome drifter, gets work 
cm a cattle ranch in Kansas. While there, 
he starts an affair with die local beamy, 
Kitty (Ashley Judd), gets into fights with 
ranch buQy Joel (Daniel Meyer) and lib- 
erates the soul of Flyboy (Jeremy Dav- 
ies), the emotionally withdrawn son of 
ranch owner Delilah Ashford Potts (Kale 
Capshaw). But Clay meets opposition 
from Delilah, who has her reasons for 
keeping Flyboy a quivering wreck. De- 
lilah, a laughable vamp who lingers in the 
shadows, stalks cowhands and has no 
problems gelding her bulls, is one of the 
movie’s more ridiculous elements. "The 
Locusts" also suffers irreparably from a 
lazily imagined conclusion, full of cheap 
pop-psychological clichfis. But this psy- 


miles). We decided to pay no heed to 
alarmists. We drove through the warm, 
humid zona cafetera. with shiny coffee 
plants growing in the shade of banana 
trees, up the Central Cordillera to a pass 
at 3,100 meters, in fog, wind and cold. 
From the pass down to the Magdalena 
valley, we followed La Lines, a 30- 
kilometer portion of the main thorough- 
fare for trucks traveling Between the 
Pacific coast and Bogota. Its hairpin 
turns are punctuated by small white 

crosses: They commemorate the acci- 
dental deaths of the men and boys who 
fly down the road at breakneck speed on 
jerry-built wagons trying to make a poor 
living by standing guard next to an 
overturned truck or bringing a jerrican 
of gasoline to a negligent driver. 

The southern part of the Magdalena 
valley has Jong been the stage for the 
battle between guerrillas and the shad- 
owy paramilitaries, but its villages were 
all dusty sleepiness when we drove 
through. The landscape is breathtaking: 
grazing pastures dotted with zebus, blue 
mountains in the distance closing in on 
you, and the lazy ocher flow of the 
Magdalena narrowing to tumultuous 
waters as we got closer to its source. 

Discovered in the late 1750s, but first 
scientifically explored only just before 
World War I, the San Agustin area 
contains a treasure of fascinating and 
baffling sculptures. About 500 statues 
have been excavated so far at three sites. 
They are now sprinkled around on 
close-cropped grass, a surprising fea- 
ture in this land of luxuriant vegetation. 
The area was declared a World Heritage 
Sire by Unesco in 1995. Little is yet 
known about the culture that created — 
and buried — the enigmatic monolithic 
statues. It is estimated, with carbon dat- 
ing, that the San Agustinians started 
their development in the sixth or sev- 
enth century B.C. and that the statuary’s 
golden age took place several centuries 
before the Spanish Conquest 

Artificial mounds and esplanades 


sheltered the sarcophaguses of 
Agustinian leaders, and the tombs were 
guarded by anthropomorphic and 
zoomorphic statues. The human statues 

male and female — often bear an 

aggressive expression, with grimacing, 
jaguar teeth. Explorers have associated 
them with "Chatmans." the religious 
figures who were said to transform 
themselves into felines. 

The village of San Agustin is a cluster 
of low white houses and cavernous tien- 
das, or stores, at street level. Mule-drawn 
carls feny .canons of eggs piled high, 
bunches of green bananas and whole 
families; noisy buses spit their smelly 
black exhaust fumes right in your face 
and music blasts out from everywhere. 

More Than Archaeology 

In San Agustin, we met our first tour- 
ists: Cheap food and lodgings can be a 
greater lure than archaeology. Indeed, it 
was hard to spend more than S5 or $6 for 
the menu of soup, beans, rice, meat and 
fried plantains that is served for lunch 
and dinner and seems to be the ubi- 
quitous trademark of rural Colombia’s 
gastronomy. We stayed at the Central 
Hotel with monastic rooms opening on a 
disorderly but floweiy patio. A room for 
two with private, cold shower cost $8. 
The hostess kindly provided the imple- 
ments for a hot shower an old point 
bucket filled with warm water and a blue 
plastic bowl to scoop it over your body. 
There was no additional charge. 


Brad Pitt in a scene from Jean-Jacques Annaud s ~ Seven Years in Tibet." 

cbodrama about sexuality, secrets, tor- 
ment, desire and spiritual captivity, is too 
good in other places to dismiss. Paced 
fike a languid dream, it collects detail 
with an unhurried but deeply engrossing 
air. (Desson Howe, WP) 

Gang Related 

Directed by Jim Kouf. US. 

"Gang Related" — Tupac Shakur’s last 
fjjxn — may have story problems, but it 
has no problems in the performance de- 
partment. As with "Gridlock’d" — 
Sbakur’s other posthumous film — Jim 
Kouf s "Gang Related" shows the per- 
former's fragile but powerful charisma, 
rare in this era of beefy supermen. He 
plays a conscience-haunted LA. hom- 
icide detective named Rodriguez who, 
with his comically brutal partner, Di- 
vinci (Jim Belushi), have hit on a neat 
scam. They set up dope dealers, sell them 
heroin, tben murder them, keeping both 
heroin and money. Things go wrong 
when one of their victims turns out to be 
not a drug dealer, but an undercover 
DEA agent- This leads to a lively — if 
not entirely new — premise: the cops in 
charge of catching themselves. They 
choose a homeless alcoholic as their fall 
guy and he turns out to be more than easy 
prey. Shakur is superb, and so is Belushi. 
As a kind of glowering Bozo whose very 
sleaze is seductive and whose efficiency 
is attractive, Divinci drifts off, almost 
ban ally, into the most repellent of all 
evils, the criminal sociopath masquer- 
ading under the flag of authority and 
using the system to hide his tracks. Fi- 
nally. the film makes a nice point about 
law, order and society: When in an ex- 
cess of moral indignation and superiority 
we turn to vigil antism, chaos is never far 
behind. (Stephen Hunter. WP) 



Hayward Gallery, tel: (171) 928- 
3144, open dally. Continuing/ To 
Jan. 4: “Objects of Desire: The 
Modem Stiff Life." Traces the 
evolving language of modem art 
through still lifes. 

National Gallery, tel: (171) 747- 
2885, open daily. To Jan. 1 8: "Hog- 
arth's 'Marriage A-te-Mode.'" Six 
paintings that form a narrative se- 
quence about money, lolly, dis- 
ease and death. The exhibition 
also features 20 engravings and 
six other paintings. 

Tate Gallery, tel; (171) 887-6000, 
open daily. To Jan. 4: "The Age of 
Rossetti, Burne-Jones and Watts: 
Symbofism in Britain, 1860-1910." 
The works of Rossetti. Burne- 
Jones and Aubrey Beardsley are 
d splayed alongside paintings by 
their European contemporaries. 
Odilon Redon. Gustave Moreau. 
Fernand Khnopff and others. The 
exhibition will travel to Munich and 
Amsterdam. Also, to Nov. 30: 
"Mondrian: Nature to Abstraction.” 
More than 80 works tracing the 
artist's evolution from his early at~ 
mospheriepainfiings to full abstrac- 
tion in the 1920s. 



Art Gallery of Ontario, lei: (416) 
977-0414, dosed Mondays and 
Tuesdays. To Jan. 18: "Keith Har- 
ing." Keith Haring was pre-emin- 
ent among a group of young artists 
who emerged when punk. New 
Wave music and graffiti were back- 
ground and source for art in New 
York in the 1 980s. The retrospect- 
ive explores Haring's work and de- 
tails his concern with social Issues, 
such as racism, AIDS and the me- 


Gateriee Rationales do Grand 
Palais, tel: 01-44-13-17-17. 
closed Tuesdays. To Jan. 5: "Les 
[bores.” Contemporary of the 
Phenidans and tire Greeks, the 
Iberian civilization developed on 
the western side of the Mediter- 
ranean from the 6th to the 1 st cen- 
tury B.C. The exhibition features 
sculptures, ceramics, gold jewelry, 
silver plates and bronze ex-votos. 
Also, to Jan. 26: "Georges de La 
Tour, 1593-1652." A survey of the 
French painter's works. 

Louvre, tel: 01-40-20-51-51. 
dosed Tuesdays. To Jan. 5: 
“Graveura en TaillB-Douce des An- 
dens Pays-Bas, XVe-XVIe 
Steeles." Woodcuts and copper 
engravings appeared in Europe, 
early in the 15th century, shortly 
before Gutenberg. The exhibition 
features 110 engravings by Flem- 
ish masters, inducing works by Lu- 
cas van Leyden 11494-1533). 

Mona Bismarck Foundation, tel: 
01-47-23-38-88, dosed Mondays 
and Tuesdays. To Nov. 29: “Ar- 
tistes Americains en France, 1 947- 


v -Ml 

* . «# 

Spencer's “Self-Portrait” in Washington exhibition. 

1997.” Works by 40 American 
artists who are living, or lived, in 
France. Paintings by Joan Mitchell 
and Sam Francis, photographs by 
Bob Bishop, and sculptures by 
Otto Fried are among the exhibits. 



Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle 
der Bundesrepubllck Deutsch- 
land, lei: (228) 9171-200, dosed 
Mondays. To Jan. 11: "Master- 
pieces of Six Centuries." A selec- 
tion of works from the Kunsttialte in 
Bremen, inducing more than 140 
paintings and sculptures, and 
more than 200 copper engravings, 
if features Dutch paintings of the 
17th century, oD sketches o> the 
I9thcenturyanda glimpse into the 
work of modem media artists such 
as Nam June Palk. 



Megaron, The Athens Concert 
Hall, tel: (1) 72-82.000. open daily. 
To Nov. 7: “EJ Greco In Greece." 
Five icons by Domenico Theotoko- 
poiilos, belter known as El Greco 
(1541-1614). Also features post- 
ByzanBne icons from the 15th to 
19th centuries. 



Palazzo Grass!, tel; (41) 522- 
1375, open daily. Contfnuingf To 
Jan. 11: "Expression ismo Te* 
desco: Arte e Sodeta, 1909- 
1923.” German Expressionists In- 
duding Beckmann. Dix, Grosz. 
Kokoschka, Klrchner. Pechstein 
and SchmWt-RoMuf. 


Musee National cTHistoire et 
d'Art, tef: (352) 47-93-301 , dosed 
Mondays. To Dec. 15: ‘Tresors 
d'Ukralne.” On loan from a Kiev 
museum.' a collection of gold and 
silver pieces, dating back to the 
Cimmerian, Scythian and Sarma- 
tian civilizations several centuries 
before Christ. Also features jew- 
elry. weapons and religious Items 
from Ukrainian Orthodox 
churches, and 1 Bth- and 1 9th -cen- 
tury Judaica. 

B nethTrlah ps 

Van Gogh Museum, tel: tel: (20) 
570-5252, open daily. To Jan. 11: 
“Auguste Praault 1809-1879." A 
comprehensive survey of the 
works of the Romantic sculptor of 

the 1830s and '40s. His work in- 
cludes funeral sculptures, portraits 
and medallions. 


Kunsthal. tel: (10) 44-00-321, 
dosed Mondays. To Jan. 18: The 
School of The Hague: A Retro- 
spective." More than 300 Dutch 
paintings by the marine painter 
Mesdag (1831-1915). Joseph Is- 
raels (1824-1911). known as the 
“Dutch Millet" and Anton Mauve 
(1838-1888), among others. 
Themes favored by the 19th-cen- 
tury artists who worked around The 
Hague, were realistic portraits o( 
peasants and fishermen, as well as 
landscapes and interiors. 


Museu d'Art Con tempo rani, tel: 
(93) 412-08-10. closed Mondays. 
To Jan. 6: "The Last Gaze — Self- 
Portraits From Bonnard to Bacon." 
Fifteen self-portraits by Picasso, 
Matisse, Bacon and Bedtmann. 


Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, 
tel: (4) 435-9000, closed Mondays. 
Opening Oct 18: "The Guggen- 
heim Museums and the Art of This 
Century" The inaugural exhtoition 
In the new museum designed by 
American architect Frank O. Gehry 
surveys 20th-century art, from the 
two-dimensional Cubist innova- 
tions to recent experiments with 
media-based technologies. Fea- 
tures works by Chagall. Kandinsky. 
Matisse and Picasso; American 
Abstract Expressionists and ait of 
the tour past decades, with ex- 
amples of Pop Art, Minimalism. 
Arte Povera and Conceptual Art. 



Hirsh horn Museum, tel: (202) 
357-2700, open daily. To Jan. 11: 
“Stanley Spencer. An English Vi- 
sion." More than 60 paintings by Sir 
Stanley Spencer (1891 -1 959). The 
artist is represented by biblical and 
allegorical paintings, nudes, por- 
traits, domestic scenes and land- 
scapes. The exhibition will travel to 
Mexico City and San Francisco. 


Oct 1 9: “Gold und Silber aus Mex- 
ico." Kunsthlstorisches Mu- 
seum, Vienna. 

Oct 19: “Cesar: Retrospective." 
Jeu de Paume, Paris. 

Oct. 19: “Sigmar Polke: Die Drei 
Lugen der Malerei (The Three Lies 
of Painting)." Kunst- und Aus- 
stellungshalle der Bundesrep- 
ubllk Deutschland, Bonn. 

OcL 19: Tart Faberge: Goldsmith 
to the Czars." Natlonalmuseum, 

Oct 19: "Treasures from Ter- 
vuren.” National Museum of Af- 
rican Art, Washington. 

Oct. 20: “Des Modemes aux 
Avant-Gardes.” Musee d'Art Mo- 
deme et d'Art Contemporafn, 
Nice, France. 


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©JYew York Times/Edited by Will Shorts. 

Productions at some of the 
world's major opera houses this 


Hot Muriekthoater, Do Neder- 
landse Opera, tel: (20) 625-5455. 
The new productions of the season 
include "Das Rheingoid”: 
Poulenc's "Dialogue des CarmeF 
ites." directed by Robert Carsen 
with Joan Rodgers; “Die Walkure" 
and “Siegfried" under Hartmut 
Haenchen’s baton, and "Tosca" 
conducted by Riccardo Chailly 
with Catherine Maffitano in the title 


La Monnate/De llfunt tel; (32) 2* 
229-1 2-11. The season opens with 
a new production of “Otello," con- 
ducted by Antonio Pappano. Other 
new productions include Bartok’s 
“Bluebeard's Castle": Mon- 
teverdi's "H Ritomo tfUllsse" and 
“L'Orteo"; and Britten's ‘Turn of 
the Screw." The orchestra and 
choir perform at the Teatro Real m 
Madrid In November. 

Buenos Awes 

Teatro Colon, tel: 1 -35-66-32. Be- 
fore the season ends In December, 
the Argentine composer Gerardo 
GandSni conducts Ns own “La 
Ciudad Ausente. " Mark Ermler 
conducts "Eugene Onegin ” with 
Dmitri Hvorostovsky singing One- 

gin and Adrtanne Pieczonka, Ta- 


Teatro Comunale, tel: (39) 277- 
9303. During the winter season, 
Alexander Antsslmov conducts 
Rimsky-Korsakovs “The Tsar's 
Bride.” It is -followed by Puccini's 
“La Fanciulla del West" and Mon- 
teverdi’s “Orfeo." 


Teatro Real, tel: (34) 1-558-8787. 
After ten years of renovation, the 
Royal Opera reopens with Luis 
Antonio Garcia Navarro as musical 
and artistic director. The season is 
launched with Manuel de Falla's 
"El Sombrero de Tres Plcos" and 
"La Vida Breve." Performances of 
Britten's "Peter Grimes," “Porgy 
and Bess," “Le Nozze di Figaro.” 
“Turandot" “Un Bailo in 
Maschera,’ 1 Janacek's “Cunning 
Little Vixen," and “L'Elisr 
tfAmore." Guest conductors in- 
clude Antonio Pappano and Vladi- 
mir Jurowskl. The roster of singers 
features Piacido Domingo in Anton 
Garda Abril's "DJvinas Paiabras,” 
Willard White, Carlos Chausson, 
and Juan Pons. 

New York 

Metropolitan Opera, tel: (212) 
362-60-00. Valeri Gergiev has 
been appointed principal guest 
conductor of the Metropolitan Op- 

era. During the 30-week season, 
the Opera presents Met premieres 
of Rossini's “La Cenerentota" and 
Strauss's “Capricdo" and new 
productions of "The Rake’s Pro- 
gress," conducted by James Lev- 
ins; “Samson et Dali la." with Wal- 
traud Meier, and “Lohengrin," 

directed by Robert Wilson, with 
Levine conducting, Deborah Voigt 
as Elsa and Ben Heppner as Lo- 


Opera Comique, tel: 01-42-44- 
45-46 . The season offers two oper- 
ettas: Johann Strauss's “Etna 
Nacht in Venedig" and Christina's 
“DStte." Also on the program, 
CavaJk’s “La Dldone." Viktor UW- 
mann'a “Der Kaiser von Atlantis'' 
and Mozart’s first opera, “La Flnta 
Semplice"; Debussy's "Pelleas el 
Melisancte," Beflini's "La Sonnam- 
bula." Ermanno WoH-Ferrari’s "I 
Quatro Rusteghi" based on a Gol- 
doni play, and “La Boheme." The 
season also Includes the world 
premiere of the French composer 
Gardane Finzi's “La Mort de So- 


Washington Opera at the John F. 

Kennedy Center tel: (202) 416- 
7800. Under artistic director Pta- 
odo Domingo, the Washington 
Opera offers eight productions, 
nve of which are new. The curtain 

rises on “Paggliad," directed by 
Franco Zeffirelli, conducted by Le- 
onard Siatkin, wim Domingo in the 
down’s role. Also on the program, 
“Romeo et Juliette," "L'Eltelr 
d'Amore," "The Magic Flute," 
“Don Giovanni," PuccinPs "La 
Rending," Amadeo Vtves's zar- 
zuela “Dona Frandsqutta," and 
"The Dangerous Liaisons," a new 
American opera by Conrad Susa, 
directed by Colin Graham, with Fe- 
derica von Stade. 




Appears every Saturday. 
To advertise contact 
Sarah Uiershol 
in our I/indon office: 
TeL: + 44 1 71 420 0326 
Fax: + 44 171 420 0338 
or your nearest IHT office 
or representative. 

the TOnurs haim ; newspaper 

PAGE 12 



Lauding Its Peacekeeping, Clinton Offers Special Ally Status to Argentina ^ 

Cmtp&d hf Oar Staff Fmm Dtspaain 

BUENOS AIRES — Fifteen years after [he 
Falkland* war was set off by Argentine military 
leaders trying to preserve dictatorial power at 
home. President Bill Clinton said Thursday he 
would seek special non-NATO ally status for 
Argentina to honor its role as a peacekeeper. 

“As close to home as Guatemala and Haiti, as 
far away as Bosnia, Cyprus and Mozambique, 
Argentina has answered the call to peace." Mr. 
C Unton said. 

The move represented a big step forward for 
Argentina, which IS years ago was mired in 
conflict with the West after trying unsuccessfully 
to end British control of die F alklan d Islands, off 
the Argentine coast 

Before a monument honoring General Jose de 
San Martin, die Argentine liberator, Mr. Clinton 

said he had already notified Congress of plans to 
give Argentina special standing as a non-NATO 
military ally. While largely a symbolic gesture, 
die designation would give Argentina access to 
surplus NATO hardware and facilitate congres- 
sional approval for it to buy U.S. weapons. 

The designation, to the consternation of some if 
its South American neighbors, would also make 
Argentina eligible for economic development pro- 
grams and other assistance, r anking the nation 
alongside Israel, Egypt, Japan, South Korea and 
Jordan. Congtess can object within 30 days. 

“Our a ll ian ce and values go beyond our ef- 
forts against threats to peace and security, but it 
begins there," Mr. Clinton said. 

Borrowing the words of the Argentine hero — 
“All progress is the child of time" — he added 
that General San Martin won Id be proud to see his 

nation champion peace. “He would remind us of 
the work still undone, die challenges still unmet 
He would urge usto press on to make progress the 
child of this time," Mr. Clinton said. 

President Carlos Saul Menem '-said General 
San Martin's legacy lives in the Argentine troop 
who have gone to the world's hot spots for the 
cause of pace. “When we pay tribute to our 
liberator," he said, “we are at the same time 
paying tribute to these men who are working in 
die world to further peace." 

Argentina, which has taken part in more than 12 
UN peacekeeping missions over die past decade, 
is the first nation to win special ally status from the 
United States since the end of the Cold War. 

Argentina has been seeking to reassure its 
partners in. the Mercosur trade bloc — Brazil, 
Uruguay, Paraguay, Chile and Bolivia — that it 

will not have an advantage over than. “This will 
not only not affect relations with Mercosur, but 
rather will boost them,” Defense Minister Jorge 
Do ming uez said this week. 

But both Chile and Brazil are suspicious. For- 
eign Minis ter Jose Miguel fosuba of Chile said 
recently. What worries us are decisions that can 
alter the balance and introduce suspicions in die 

^The U.S. secretary of state, Madeleine Al- 
bright, has said that other Latin American coun- 
tries, such , as Chile, may be granted si mil ar 

But opposition parties in Argentina predicted 
that regional tensions would rise if Argentina got 
such status ahead of its neighbors. “This new 
link with the United States is not necessary and 
can complicate relations with third countries," 

said Antonio VUlalba, a legislator^ the center- 
left Frepaso coalition. . . 

A former Brazilian president, Jose Sareey, 
accused the United Sates of - undermining re- 
gidnal stability and Mercosur. He said the mow 
had “serious implications’ ’ and sowed the “seed 
of division and mistrust” . • 

Mr Clinton voiced support for Mr. Menem, 
who abandoned his populist rhetoric against foe 
United States after becoming present iri.1989 
and is now a staunch promoter of U.S. investment 
in the region. “ 

■ But Mr. Menem’s Pexomst party feces 
midterm elections in two weeks and could lose its 
majority. While praising Mr. Menem’s style, Mr. . 
Clinton also planned to meet wife opposition 
leaders to show neutrality in the elections. ■ 

r (AP. Reuters} 

Papon Is Evicted Again, 
This Time From a House 
Rented Near French Trial 

By Anne Swardson 

HluAin^wn Post Service 

PARIS — Maurice Papon, a high-level 
prefect oral official in the collaborationist 
Vichy government who is on trial in 
Bordeaux for crimes against humanity, 
was asked Thursday to leave his third 
residence since the trial began last week. 

The judge in the case freed him from 
detention Friday on grounds that remain- 
ing in prison would damage his health. 

Since then, Mr. Papon, 87, and his 
entourage have tried two luxury hotels 
and a four-bedroom rental house. He 
was asked to leave the hotels because 
they were receiving threatening tele- 
phone calls. 

On Thursday, the family that owns the 

house asked him to vacate for the same 
reason: Members were receiving death 
threats at their home in Paris. 

The town council of Castres-Gironde, 
the Bordeaux suburb close to foe res- 
idence he had rented, passed a resolution 
Wednesday “deploring" Mr. Papon’s 
presence, which it called a “dishonor" 
for the community and its members. 

The first witnesses were heard Thurs- 
day. Mr. Papon is accused of signing 
deportation orders for 1.690 Jews, most 
of whom were sent to German con- 
centration camps. 

Pierre Messmer, a former prime min- 
ister and a leader in the French Re- 
sistance, rebuked Mr. Papon on Thurs- 
day, saying in his testimony. “Many 
members of the prefectoral administra- 
tion should have resigned when acts 
which went against their conscience 
were ordered.*' 

He said, however, that it was time far 


j j D . jt TkMi**Y French citizens to begin forgiving them- 

Uaa Jtiummg tor ifftl selves for Vichy’s actions during the war. 

° ° Some 76,000 Jews were deported from 

TAPES: Batch of Videos Details Extent of Campaign Cash Pursuit 

Continued from Page 1 

To win this battle, GTE may have to 
sweeten the price or convince a lot of 
MCI shareholders that WorldCom stock 
is funny money not worth its cuirent 
price. This could become very, nasty. 

The latest developments come on the 
heels of foe first two offers for MCL 
First, British Telecommunications PLC 
agreed to pay $3534 a share in cash and 
stock. Not expecting other bidders, and 
under pressure from British sharehold- 
ers who thought MCI was overvalued, 
British Telecom cut that price by a 
couple of dollars a share, valuing its bid 
at around $18 billion. MCI went along, 
but the new bids appear to have left 
British Telecom ou t of th e running. 

In evaluating the GTE and WorldCom 
bids, the important issue for investors is 
one of stock versus cash. Any individual 
investor can, of course, readily convert tire 
WorldCom shares into cash. Such a hold- 
er presumably would not be interested in 
the GTE offer because the investor can 
sell foe Wo rldCo m shares and get cash 
greater than Git’s all-cash offer. 

Moreover, if that individual investor 
likes WorldCom stock, he could hold it 
and would not have to pay capital-gains 
taxes on the profit from the transaction. 

But this deal is so huge — the World- 
Com offer values MCI at $30 billion — 
that most MCI investors could not sell 
their WorldCom stock without putting 
heavy pressure on the price or those 
shares. MCI holders would end up own- 
ing 45 percent of the outstanding World- 
Com shares. 

So what it comes down to is this: Is 
WorldCom a good long-term invest- 
ment? Are its shares fairly priced? If 
they are overpriced, then most MCI 
shareholders are likely to be disappoint- 
ed in the long term. 

To hear much of Wall Street teU it. 
WorldCom is a great investment, ready to 
benefit from all kinds of things that will 
happen, from international deregulation 
to the rapid growth of foe Internet. 

It certainly has been an excellent per- 
former in the stock market. A little more 
than five years ago, you would havepaid 
less than $ I for a share of WorldCom, 
then known as LDDS Communications, 
that now costs more than $35. The com- 
pany has grown rapidly through acqui- 

But the share price growth has far 
outstepped the company’s earnings. Its 
anticipated earnings for 1997 come to 37 
cents a share, according to 03 ES In- 
ternational Inc., which tallies consensus 
earnings estimates from brokerage 
firms. MCI, on foe other hand, is ex- 
pected to earn $1.13 a share. 

If a shareholder of MCI exchanges a 
share for the WorldCom stock being 
offered, the investor would be exchan- 
ging a claim on that $1.13 a share for 
stock in WorldCom with a claim on 38 
cents to 45 cents of profits, depending on 
the exchange ratio ultimately used. 

If WorldCom does make the deal, its 
earnings per share would zip up, simply 
because MCI's profit would be spread 
over existing WorldCom shares as well 
as the new ones to be issued in the 
acquisition. And Wall Street analysts 
who have been pushing WorldCom 
could point to the growing earnings to 
vindicate their bullishness. 

There have been Wall Street favori tes 
in (he past whose high values turned out 
to be justified, but many proved to be 
overvalued. If WorldCom turns out to be 
overvalued, then MCI shareholders 
might rue the day they took its offer over 
GTE’s. But that could easily happen if 
GTE cannot damage WorldCom’s 
standing with investors. 

In late New York trading, WorldCom 
share prices were down 43.75 cents at 
$35, GTE fell S2.8125 to $45.1875, but 
MCI climbed 1.0625 to $37.9375. 

France in all; about 2300 returned. 

■ Anger Over Testimony 

Mr. Papon s t ir red a firestorm of crit- 
icism for saying in court that hehad tried 
to help Jews, Agence France-Presse re- 
ported from Bordeaux. 

French Jews especially were angered 
by his assertion Wednesday that he con- 

Continued from Page 1 

Clinton's. As foe president is casually 
leaning on his desk, Mr. Riady has his 
arm around Mr. Huang. Little can be 
heard of the conversation, although Mr. 
Clinton at one point is heard to say 
“important issues," and at another time, 
“I think it will be big." 

The tape contains two abrupt breaks, 
but White House aides said the tape had 
not been edited. Rather, they sard, foe 

tinued to mourn Jews whose deportation breaks were tire result of a cameraman 

orders be signed and that he had risked 
his life to help many. 

He also provoked a denial from a 
Jewish official who Mr. Papon said had 
congratulated him for actions to help 
Jews. Mr. Papon said that between 1947 
and 1949 he p erformed a secret mission 
and that later he was congratulated by 
Israeli officials, including a former am- 
bassador, Walter Eytan. 

Mr. Eytan. now retired in Israel, denied 
that. “I have absolutely no memory of 
having congratulated him in the name of 
foe Israeli government," he said. 
Speaking of the “catastrophic and 

starting and stopping foe taping. The 
tape is to be analyzed by technical ex- 
perts retained by Congress. i 
White House officials assured report- 

ers assembled to watch the latest video 
release that the tapes contain nothing 
incriminating. “These events, all or 
them, including those' in tire White 
House, confirm what we have always 
said," Laimy Da vis, a White House spe- 
cial counsel, said Wednesday in intro- 
ducing the tapes. “These events were 
legal and appropriate." 

Attorney General Janet Reno, ques- 
tioned about the tapes during testimony 
Wednesday on Capitol Hill, said she bad 
seen no thing in mem to alter her pre- 
liminary opinion that the White House 
fund-raising events violated no law. 

Mr. Davis said that previous presidents 
entertained donors in similar ways and 

s imilar settings, and there is much ev- 
idence to s upp o r t his assertion. But foe 
Clinton money operation has been cap 
tmed on tape in vastly greater volume 
than that of any of his predecessors. ■ 

At a Democratic National Committee 
dinner in May 1996 in Washington, Mr. 
Clinton acknowledges the presence of 
Mr. Trie, who produced hundreds of 
thousands of dollars in demotions, from 
Asian- American sources. 

“It’s been almost 20 years since I had 
my first meal with Charlie Trie,” the 
president says on tape No. 6. “At the 
time, neither of us could have afforded' a 
ticket to this dinner .” Such affairs typ- 
ically cost donors $10,000 a head. 

CONGO: Sassou-Nguesso Gloats Over Return to Brazzaville 

Continued from Page 1 

his fondness for luxury. General Sassou- 
Nguesso is reported to have dipped 
deeply into receipts paid to his gov- 
ernment by the French oil company Elf 

unhappy lot of the Jewish community," Aquitaine, which, despite his regime’s 
Mr. Papon also said Wednesday that his “anti-imperii 

"heart was torn by the Nazi repression 
of the Jews.” 

“It is infamy to say I was heartless 
about foe calamities that befell the Jew- 
ish community ’ he said. 

But Simone Veil, a former French 
government minister who survived the 
death camp at Auschwitz, said: 
"Maurice Papon has no regrets." 

She also expressed outrage at the 
court's decision to free Mr. Papon, say- 
ing it was like "spit in foe face." 

“It was like being back in foe years 
when I felt no one had understood, that in 
reality all that had no importance," she 

-imperialist" rhetoric, has always 
dominated foe oil production in Africa's 
fourtfa-Iar-gest producer of crude. 

Despite overseeing a huge increase in 
oil production. General Sassou-Ngues- 
so’s years in power, marked by runaway 
borrowing and high-level corruption, 
proved ruinous for his country. By 1990, 
his country was bankrupt 

Underpressure from trade unions and 
other opponents to open the political 
system. General Sassou-Nguesso agreed 
in 1991 to foe convening of a “national 
conference," a reform-minded deliber- 
ative gathering of leading citizens that 
stripped him of most of his power and 
organized national elections. 

Having been disavowed by foe pop- 
ulation, General Sassou-Nguesso, a 
northerner, threw his support to a co- 
alition backing Mr. Lissouba, a south- 
erner and farmer prime minister who 
won the presidency in the country’s first 
democratic election in 1992. 

It is widely understood that Mr. Lis- 
souba, 65, had promised General Sas- 
sou-Nguesso and his supporters a sub- 
stantial place in his government in 
exchange for his support. The new pres- 
ident, however, quickly cut ties to his 
erstwhile ally, and Western diplomats 
say Geaeral Sassou-Nguesso has been 
plotting his revenge ever since. 

If General Sassou-Nguesso felt be- 
trayed by Mr. Lissouba, it would none- 
theless be hard for him to portray himself 
as a victim in a game of national politics 
that has been consistently characterized 
by treachery. 

While a colonel in charge of state 
security. General Sassou-Nguesso be- 

came a leading figure in Congolese pol- 
itics in foe mid-1970s. At foe time, he 
was considered an ideological hard-liner 
who was dose to the country’s first 
military leader, a young Marxist para- 


Gazprom Is a Test 

Continued from Page 1 ; 

quickly becomes enmeshed, he added; in : 
“oar broader relationship', with .otff. 
European allies, the Russian govern- 
ment and the government of Malaysia," 
to ray nothing of the impact on Wall 

■The origins of the diplomatic morass - 
are relatively simple. 

When Conoco Inc. tried to invest in an 
Iranian oil field two years ago, foeCtia- 
ton adminis tration stepped in, issuing an 
order barring American companies from 
major investments in Iran as tong as 
Tehran sponsored terrorism and was ait- \ 
tempting to acquire nuclear w e apons.. ~ 

Thai foe French company Total SA 
swept in and signed the deal Conoco was 
farced to abandon. 

The outrage in Congress over Total’s 
action led to foe passage last year of fee 
Iran and Libya sanctions act Like the 
Helms-Burton act, which is aimed at 
companies investing in Cuba, fosItSL 
law laid out sanctions that foe presided! 
can impose against foreign firms feat 
invest more than $20 million in Iran’&ral 
and gas industries, its mam source of 
revenue. ; 

They range from minor punishments: 
— cutting off low-cost loans through the 
government’s Export-Import Bank — to . . . 
far nastier sanctions, including cutting 
off American bank loans exceeding $10 u 
million, in an effort to make sure >foar 
companies flouting foe investment ban. 
in Iran do not raise their funds in Amer- 
ica. Until now, foe law has not been 

But two weeks ago. Total announced 
that it was teaming up with Gazprom and 
Malaysia’s stale-owned oil firm, Petro- 
nas, in the $2 billion gas project in Iran. 

It was an important step: Iran's proven 
gas reserves represent about 15 percent 
of the world's total, second only to Rus- 
sia’s. “Clearly, this is a. big test far us.’ - 
a senior administration official said.' “If 
Total and its partners get away with it, 
every non-American energy firm on the 
globe is going to race in after them.” 

The administration's reaction was de- 
liberately mated. Mr. Eizenstat — fully 
aware of the explosive nature of any 
sanctions threat m Europe — said foe 
would t 


er all the feci 

take time to 

ALBANIA: Italy Slams the Door on a Post - Cold War Migration 

Continued from Page 1 

“Life is too dangerous to hope for a 
future in my country,” said Mr. Muha- 
meti, a former police officer and body- 
guard. “I see people who have made a tot 
of money leaving for good. I am a poor 
man. Why shouldn't I get out wo?’’ 

About 40,000 Albanians stormed 
ashore in Italy in two mass landings in 
mid- 1991, followed by 17,000 in March, 
when Albania exploded in rebellion and 
banditry after thousands tost their life's 
savings in investment schemes. 

Most of foe migrants are drawn to 
undocumented work as dishwashers, 
maids, construction workers and tomato 
pickers at the bottom of the world's fifth - 
richest economy. 

The Italian authorities say Albanians 
have been smuggling hashish, cocaine 
and assault weapons and setting up pros- 
titution and then rings in scattered cities. 
One prosecutor estimated that 100 Al- 
banians entered Italy illegally each night 
during the summer 
were involved in criminal 

On the pier where the Illyria docks 
Italy is a plaque from the United Nations 
to foe generous citizens of Brindisi, It 
was nailed there in 1991 when Albani- 
ans, spilling through the par by the 
thousands, could find bread, lea and hot 
food in nearly every doorway. 

The compassion is gone now. After an 
Italian-led Multinational Protection 

deport clandestini, bringing Italian bor- 
der controls into line with those of 
stricter neighbors in an increasingly har- 
monized Western Europe. The bid would 
allow quotas for legal immigrants from 
Albania and other specified countries — 
a system used by the United Stales and in 
much of Europe, but not yet in Italy. 

No other wealthy industrialized na- 
tion besides Japan has as few immigrants 
per native as Italy. Conspicuous by their 
darker complexions and distinct lan- 
guage, Albanians are often taunted on 
the street with demands to “go home." 
One Italian mayor branded the new- 
comers, many of whom are Islamic, as 
“ugly, dirty and ferocious by nature." 

Mr. Muhameti had no illusion of a 
warm welcome when be swam ashore 
from a drag trafficking boat one Septem- 
berdawn. He splirfrom the other migrants 
and hiked 16 hours (town back roads to the 

ider Ngouabi was mysteri- 
ously murdered in 1977, shortly after 
large oil exports began to flow. Al- 
though General Sassou-Nguesso always 
has denied any responsibility, it is still 
widely suspected that he helped plan the 
assassination. Mr. lissouba was also 
implicated in foe killing. 

Once President Ngouabi was killed, 
General Sassou-Nguesso set about elim- 
inating other potential rivals in his push 
for the presidency. 

When Mr. Ussonba was elected pres- 
ident in 1992, it quickly became dear 
feat he intended to hold onto power. 
Relations with France were quickly 
strained when Mr. Lissouba negotiated a 
$150 million oil deal with foe American 
company Occidental Petroleum, threat- 
ening to break Paris’s lock an foe coun- 
try's economy. 

So with help from Israel in s t ead , the 
new leader began forming a presidential 
m ili t ia, the Aoberviilois, that was drawn 
from southern ethnic groups. 

Sensing that Mr. Lissouba wanted to 
e lim i na te him, General Sassou-Ngues- 
so, formed a northern militia of his own, 
known as the Cobras. He then reportedly 

“gather allthe facts" on foe gas deaL 

Others hinted that sanctions might be 
waived if France and theother countries 
made ofeercommiLments to fight Iranian 
terrorism. A team of experts was sent to 
Paris, Moscow and Kuala Lumpur. 

Meanwhile foe Iranians declared that 
the gas field will earn them $450 billion 
over fee next 30 years, and said that tire 
contract with Total, the lead partner, 
went into effect Oct 7. 

The State Department’s caution is un- 
derstandable, but the $1 billion debt deal 
scans likely to force its hand. The trans- 
action is Gazprom’s first venture into the 
world's capital markets with a major 
bond issue, though it has sold its stock on 
markets around the world and borrowed 
from Western banks. 

Goldman, Sachs says foe $ 1 billion it 
is raising is for "general purposes,” 
chiefly a major pipeline project already 
under way in Russia. Bur clearly, any 
cash the company can raise frees up 
money it can invest in Iran. 

While Go Idman, Sachs will say noth- 
ing publicly about foe debt offering, a 
company official said feat “this is a very 
important deal for us" and that Gold- 
man's lawyers believe that the bond 

Brindisi rail station. He made it to Pisa, 
hoping to be sheltered by an Albanian 
friend there. But foe friend rebuffed him 
Fearful and alone, Mr. Muhameti 
wandered foie streets until he found an- 
other Albanian, who agreed to share his 

lodgings in an abandoned boxcar. . used his large private fortune and help offering does not violate the Iran-Libva 
A reversal of foe migration is ex- from France and Gabon, foe neighbor to sanctions act. which „„ —..X 

to take years.- Albania’s new foe north, whose 

elected government is starting to gam Bongo,, is mantedto hkdanghter. to arm sumingiiisnotgomgtoteanSsu^fo^ 

and maintain his force. 

The feared, showdown came this sum- 

Lissouba refSSTto^ow deetc^^- 
forms that would help ensure a fair vote 
and moved, in Jane, to arrest his rival. 

Iran-Libya - act, Reotere 

caught, an Albanjaffrvolved in S'pS'sS •^o^’po^'S IS™?- S?. Wa alnngon. “On the 
ticking said. ;Of course, there are still never been very forgiving, and having 
determined enough to swim tost power race already, this guy is 

control of highways from aimed 
And many cities, like Dtures, where i 
Illyria calls, have calmed down some. 

And, for now, tighter controls on both 
sides have cut foe movement of 
refugees. The speedboat runs from Al- 
bania have diminished in recent weeks 

against the tide." 

sumlng ir is not going to be an issue,’ 
official said. 

• State Department Investigates 

The State Department said Thursday 
that it was investigating whether foe 
bond offering may be subject to sane- 

«w vs uiAivum woo IU UdVC -v - - — — 

jway in June," a Western 

diptomaisakL'-Cpngplese politics have question of underwrite, our lawyers 

• playing for keeps.’ 

nght now are looking at the issue” of 
whether foe offering violates the law, a 
deputy spokesman said. 


H5£§”* ESPIONAGE: Under Legal Pressure, CIA Divulges Its Biggest Secret - Cost of -Spying 

-SB&teS!® Continued from Page 1 of the intelligfmce budget The CIA’s billion in 1987 from about $12 bOiion a mhtmt nr* , 


formation Act brought by the Federation 
of American Scientists, which focuses 
on science in public policy. 

Mr. Tenet said the disclosure “does 
not jeopardize "security and “serves to 
inform the American people." 

That was foe precise position argued 
Force returned from Albania this year, . by the opponents of secrecy who sued 

having restored a semblance of order. 
Prime Minister Romano Prodi’s govern- 
ment ordered more than 10,000 refugees 
who were given temporary entry permits 
last spring to go home by November. 

Mayors across Italy, alarmed by a 
summer wave of crimes by immigrants, 
demanded and got foe emergency police 
sweeps now being directed from Rome. 

Parliament began debating a bill to 
give the police more power to detain and 

for disclosure of the sura. To defend the 
agency against foe lawsuit, Mr. Tenet 
would have had to submit a sworn af- 
fidavit saying that disclosure would se- 
riously damage national security. 

That was “something that would be 
difficult to say" under oath, said the 
agency spokesman. Bill Harlow. 

Kate Martin, foe lawyer who filed foe 
suit, said: “Now we can begin to have 
some real democratic debate on the size 

refusal to disclose the figure did not 
protea foe national security. It shut cit- 
izens out of the debate about foe use- 
fulness and future of die CIA." 

Ms. Martin directs the Center for Na- 
tional Security Studies, a civil liberties 
group concerned with security issues. 

Secraspending by the Pentagon dales 
back at last to foe Manhattan Project, 
which developed foe atomic bomb from 
1941 to 1945 with $2.19 billion in cov- 
ertly appropriated money, and the war- 
time Office of Strategic Services, which 
spent unaccounted millions. 

With the creation of the CIA In 1947, 
secret spending was approved by Con- 
gress. A few powerful committee chair- 
men kept an eye on intelligence accounts 
as they grew to contain oil lions in the 
1950s and 1960s. They rose to about $36 

about $12 billion a 

year in 1977. 

Since the mid-1980s, foe Federation 
of American Scientists has tried to track 
that secret spending by carefully study- 
ing foe Pentagon's budget, where in- 
telligence programs and secret weapons 
projects are hidden, like the Manhattan 
Project, in falsely, labeled accounts. 

Its estimates were fairly accurate, as 
an accidental disclosure of $26.7 billion asmne ror a mm, .i,. rn* 

mmtlita ty^^ti^jprograroby Rebuffed. he suefffou SDMocSt 
a owgessional subcommittee showed Rqeaed, hejappesded! ‘ U L 

Citizens' challenges to secret spend- 
ing by foe government dare bade to 
February 1967, when William Richard- 
son, an insurance claims adjuster in 
Greensburg. Pennsylvania, picked up 
his newspaper and read one of foe first 
investigative articles ever published 

about the CIA. Mr. Richardson, a mil- 
itary intelligence veteran, read font the 
agency was secretly financing trade un- 
tons student groups and publishers. . 

oon 9^ Moored me," he said in a 
1989 interview. "I thought foe Amer- 
ican taxpayer , if he believed in the con- 
stimtion, didn’t want his money spent to 
v! pol ? t,C!lJ wars in this country." 

wrote to the Treasury. 



On July 2b, (972, foe 3d U.S.Circnir 
SKr Appeals said Mr. Richardson 
had the. nght “to know how. his tax - 
money is spent" 

r °* J » “2S. 1974, before the Supreme 
Court, Mr. Richardson lost 5-4. 

courT 8aid he had no standing to 
sue foe government 

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Continued on Page 18 



F °'>«‘~»'U°,so„ eyayia y 





FREDA); OCTOBER 17, 1997 

PAGE 15 

lam tmm (!*■ nwnm com/ 

^ans Japan Ships 

Cargo Vessels to Be Seized in Port Dispute 

WASHINGTON — in a mai „ 


Maritime Commission orrit»n-H ,r- 
Coast Guard on TTtuSa y 0 ^ C 
anese cargo ships from if s 
told the Custom^ Service tofi w 
Japanese ship in an American port ^ 
The commission, an independent 
agency, acted after receiving Sfrom 
^>an«e shipping companL 2 *5 

do not plan to pay an estimated $4 
mUlion in fmes levied by the United 

ri Sf 8 Wer f im P»ed after nego- 
tiates between the two countries were 
unable to reach agreement on American 
demands for freer access to Japanese 

ders to the Coast Guard and the Customs 
Service were being prepared. He said 
toe agencies would not begin carrying 
out the orders until they are formally 
received, either late Thursday or Fri- 

President Bill Clinton could have 
used his national security powers to 
block the order from taking effect, but 
an administration official, speaking on 
condition he not be identified, stud Mr. 
Clinton would not do so. 

The sanctions, which amount to 
$100,000 per vessel, were levied on 
Japanese cargo ships entering UjS. ports 
beginning Sept. 4. 

However, the three major Japanese 
shipping companies involved had until 
Wednesday to actually pay the fines. 
Mr. Dombrowski said the commission 

EU Again Checking 
Microsoft’s Practices 


Rnir** Mr- Dombrowski said the commission 

e * ^aAerreceivingwofdfr^Sip- 

«: Manaroe commission, said the or- ping lines they did not intend to pay. 

Sulzberger Steps Down 
For Son at The Times 


BRUSSELS — The European Union 
is again investigating trade practices of 
Microsoft Corp., the U.S. software gi- 
ant, a European Commission official 
said Thursday. 

The commission is evaluating toe 
software maker’s response to a state- 
ment of objections in a case involving 
licensing rights, said the official, who 
asked not to be named. 

The commission will bold hearings 
this year so Microsoft and other compa- 
nies can express their views, the Official 

The moves by the EU’s executive 
branch follow long investigations by the 
U.S. government of assertions of anti- 

competitive practices by Microsoft, the 
world's largest maker of so' 

Tto» New Y«k Time* 

GwjpUrti bvOvr Suffitm Daparha 

NEW YORK — Arthur Ochs 
Sulzberger is stepping down as chair- 
man and chief executive of The New 
York Times Co. after 24 years at its 
helm, to be replaced as chairman by 
his son. the company said Thursday. 

Arthur Sulzberger Jr., 46, will re- 
main publisher of the company’s flag- 
ship newspaper in addition to his new 

“Today’s announcement is the cul- 
mination of a transition period that the 
board set in motion several years 
ago," the elder Mr. Sulzberger, 71, 

third-quarter profits higher than Wall 
Street’s expectations. 

The new color is part of a revamp ing 

of the newspaper under the direction of 
the younger Mr. Sulzberger. 

His ferber will assume the title of 
chairman emeritus awd remain on toe 
company’s board. He also remains co- 
chairman of the board of the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune, which is 
owned by The New York Times Co. 
and The Washington Post Co. 

The elder Mr. Sulzberger served as 
chairman since 1973, overseeing an 
expansion that included purchasing 

Hal Rosenblatti, the chairman of Rosenblutb International who turned 
his great-grandfather's small company into a corporate travel giant. 

An Agency With Focus 

Rosenbluth Courts Corporate Travelers 

By Edwin McDowell 

New York Times Service 

said in a statement. “I am proud ro The Boston Globe and adding region- 

turn over the company to Arthur and a 
new generation of leadership.” 

The company also announced that 
Russell Lewis, company president, 
will add the title of chief executive and 
report to the new chairman. Michael 
Golden, vice president, was named 
vice chairman and a board member. 

The changes came on the day that 
The Times displayed color photo- 
graphs on its front page for toe first 
rime. Also on Thursday, it posted 

al newspapers, magazines, and tele- 
vision and radio stations. 

Since 1963, when he first became 
publisher of The Times, the com- 
pany's revenue rose from $101 mil- 
lion to $2.6 billion last year. 

The younger Mr. Sulzberger has 
been publisher of The Times since 
1992. He went to the paper in 1978 as 
a Washington correspondent and has 
held several news and business po- 
sitions. (AP, Bloomberg ) 

bluth International opened an office in 
Atlanta 12 years ago, it heralded its. 
arrival with a billboard proclaiming, 
“Rosenbluth has landed!’* 

“We landed all right — with a thud,” 
said Hal Rosenbluth, 45, chairman of 
the travel-services company. “As far as 
I know, nobody in Atlan ta knew or 
cared what Rosenblath was. *' 

Not many Atlantans know even 
today, nor many Philadelphians, for that 
matter, though Rosenbluth has been 
here for more than a century. 

Indeed, Rosenbluth is the travel 

agency the public has not beard of — and 
that has turned out to be just fine. Faced 
with yawns in the streets of Atlanta and 
elsewhere, the company redoubled its 
efforts in toe nation's executive suites. 

Putting together one of the most high- 
tech reservation and pricing systems in 
the industry, toe company worked hard 
ro attract corporate customers with 
promises of big savings and smooth 
service. The effort has paid off: Still 
relatively obscure, Rosenbluth, which is 
privately held, is thriving as a travel 
agent to big business — with clients like 
Du Pont Co., Wal-Mart Stores Inc., 
Nike Inc. and Chevron Corp. 

See TRAVEL, Page 16 

world's largest maker of software for 
personal computers. 

They also follow investigations of 
Microsoft business practices by toe 
European Commission in the early 

“It’s parallel to what is being done in 
toe U.S.” said Karel van Miert, the EU 
competition commissioner, who was at- 
tending an international antitrust law 
conference in New York. The compa- 
nies lodging the complaints are mainly 
European, though some are American, 
he said. 

At its headquarters in Redmond, 
Washington. Microsoft was not avail- 
able for comment. 

It is toe world’s largest developer, 
maker and supplier of personal com- 
puter software, its MS-DOS and Win- 
dows operating systems are used in 
more than 120 million personal com- 

In 1990, toe U.S. Federal Trade Com- 
mission looked into alleged unfair busi- 
ness practices. The Justice Department 
took over the case in 1993, and the next 
year negotiated a consent agreement 
with Microsoft, settling charges that the 
company used unfair licensing terms for 
its software, stifling competition. 

At about that time, toe European 
Commission settled a similar investi- 
gation of Microsoft on substantially the 
same terms. 

Microsoft was forced to end some 
disputed practices, such as making man- 
ufacturers of personal computers pay it 
a fee for every machine they sold, re- 
gardless of whether it contained Mi- 
crosoft software. 

In 1995, Microsoft scrapped its pro- 
ed $2. 1 billion acquisition of Intuit 
rather than fight a Justice Depart- 
ment antitrust lawsuit. 

HU officials said the complaints 
against Microsoft did not touch on its 
purchase of a minority stake in Apple 

The Justice Department is examining 
that venture as well as Microsoft’ s prac- 
tices in Internet software generally. 

It also is examining three investments 
in the infant market for video tech- 
nology on the World Wide Web. 

Microsoft's shares closed down 
$1.75 at $134 on the Nasdaq stock mar- 

A group known as toe Committee to 
Fight Microsoft petitioned the Justice 

' 1 1 ft t » 1 1 ■ • T l f I 7W U < 

crosofi’s investment in Apple. 

The group contends that the two 
companies are direct competitors be- 
cause Apple’s Macintosh operating sys- 
tem is toe only rival to Microsoft sys- 
tems. (AP. Bloomberg) 

Swiss Insurer 
Accepts Deal 

The Associated Press 

ZURICH — Switzerland’s 
biggest insurance company has 
agreed in principle to merge with 
the financial services division of 
toe British tobacco company BAT 
Industries PLC, toe companies said 

Zurich Insurance Co. and BAT 
said the resulting company would be 
one of the world’s largest insurance 
and asset management groups. 

The company, to be known as 
Zurich Financial Services Group, 
or ZF Group, will be based in 
Zurich. It will be owned through a 
dual holding structure, with current 
Zurich shareholders owning 55 
percent and BAT shareholders 
owning 45 percent. 

The remaining part of toe British 
company will be independent and 
listed separately as British Amer- 
ican Tobacco. 

Iflinkiltg Ahead /Commentary 

On Worrying All the Way to the Bank 

By Reginald Dale 

Inicriuiional Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — Here is an in- 
triguing question that is asked increas- 
ingly often in Washington: If Amer- 
icans are doing so well economically, 
why arc they so worried? 

The answer is of interest not just to 
American politicians and economists, 
bur ro all those around the world who 
wonder how far their countries should 
adopt toe fire-market American mod- 

What is toe use of making big sac- 
rifices to imitate America if Americans 
themselves are dissatisfied with their 
lor? Why, in other words, should Euro- 
peans give up toeir cushy welfare 
states, and Latin Americans open toeir 
bordera, if peace of mind is nor to be toe 
reward? . _ 

The U.S. model has, at least for 
now, delivered the world’s most com- 
petitive economy, a booming stock 
market, spectacular corporate profits, 
low inflation and virtually full em- 

Bui numerous opinion surveys show 
a puzzling conflict between Americ- 
ans’ recognition of toeir good fortune 
irnt nHiimtine anxietv — an under- 

work. But many of the sanrepeople say 
they lack confidence in then financial 
future, fear losing and gen- 
erally lead more stressful lives than 

Some people have inevitably 
jumped to toe conclusion that econom- 
ic globalization must be to blame. If 
Americans were worried about in- 
creasing competition from abroad, it 
might help to explain why President 
Bill Clinton’s request last month for 
new “Cast-track’ * trade negotiating au- 
thority is in such trouble on Capitol 

But that does not appear to be so. 
Opposition to “fast-track” comes 
from a narrow group of Labor and en- 
vironmental activists, not from the 
general public, which remains as dis- 
inclined as ever to make trade a major 
political issue. 

Some of America’s current anxiety 
is not economic at all, but reflects toe 
belief that moral and family values are 
decl ining , according to Karlyn Bow- 
man, a polling expert at the American 
Enterprise Institute. It is true that some 
of toe economic anxiety is exagger- 

Times of rapid change breed nos- 
talgia for a past that seems in memory 

the polls suggest that most people do 
not mind the extravagant remuneration 
of top business executives, despite 
some commentators' efforts to stir up 

Some worries, on toe other hand, are 
clearly reasonable. Research among 
factory workers has revealed great 
anxiety over low wages and toe work- 
ers’ own lack of skillk 

If is obvious that technological in- 
novation is eliminating entire categor- 
ies of jobs and leaving some people 

In some ways such worry is good It 

is driving people to stay longer in 
school and seek other forms of txain- 

The roles of supply and demand 
suggest that at some stage there will be 
a shortage of unskilled workers, who 
will then be paid more. 

Alan Greenspan, chairman of the 
Federal Reserve Board has suggested 
that economic insecurity is actually 
one of toe reasons for continuing low 
inflation, because it discourages work- 
ers from pressing too hard for big pay 

The counterpart of insecurity is op- 
portunity. According to a poll by 
Money magazine, nearly one-third of 

current or gioom uw* j r’-iU 

Republican candidate, tned ana tauea 
to tap in last year’s presidential elec- 

U °Mosi people say they are satisfied 
with toeir financial situation and reel 
they are fairly compensated for their 

simply do not know how well the econ- 
omy is doing — just as they are un- 
aware that crime is tolling. 

The recent outcry over corporate 
“downsizing'’ was one-sided — it did 
not take job creation into account. And 

lost their jobs they could find another 
at least as good in a month or less, a 
huge jump from last year’s 1 8 percent. 
It is hard to imagine one-third of Euro- 
peans — or Latin Americans — say- 
ing that. 


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Sam Ream. 

PAGE 16 




| The Dow 

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'■ t06aadO, KS7A57: ^044=; 

Source: Bloomberg, Routers 

latk-raatuiOTl HcnU Tribune 

Very briefly: 

CmpScdbif Om-baffFmmDbpaKba 

NEW YORK — Stocks fell 
Thursday, with the Dow Jones in- 
dustrial average Ming mote than 
100 points after Merck’s third- 
quarter profit fell short of estimates 
and Sears, Roebuck issued a gloomy 
forecast about its future earnings. 

The Dow finished down 119.10 
points at 7,938.88. Declining issues 
outpaced gainers by a 9-to-5 ratio on 
the New York Stock Exchange. 

Investors are concerned that the 
fuel for higher share prices — robust 
profit growth — is being siphoned 
away as more companies warn that 
earnings may nor grow as fast as 
previously expected. 

“U.S. stock investors are Ming 
out of love,” said J. Thomas Mad- 
den, chief investment officer at Fed- 

erated Investors in Pittsburgh. “If 
their confidence is shaken in any 
signifirant way, they’re cutting their 
position quickly.” 

Sears finished down 5% at 4816 
after warning dial increasing con- 


sumer credit delinquencies were 
likely to dent its earnings during the 
holiday shopping period. 

The second-largest U.S. retailer’s 
stock was battered despite reporting 
a 26 percent increase in quarterly net 
profit, to $353 million. 

Merck-finished down 4 9/16 at 97 
11/16 after reporting a 19 percent 
increase in .profit, to $1.2 billion. 
Analysts were expecting more. 

‘’Merck has a Jot of big block- 

buster drugs like Zocor that are 
coming under attack,” said Carl 
Seideh, an analyst at LP- Morgan 
Securities Inc. 

‘‘They're defending themselves 
on so many fronts ag ains t so many 
good weiMieeled competitors,” he 

Merck and Sears together ac- 
counted for a quarter of die drop in 
the Dow. 

Coca-Cola lost 7/16 to 59% after 
reporting a 5 parent increase in 
profit, to $1.01 billion, as sales rose 
6 percent, to $4.95 billion. 

“Any sign of a disappointment in 
earnings these days and investors sell 
the stock down,” said Daniel Eagan, 
a money manager at Provident Cap- 
ital Management in Philadelphia. 

The earnings jitters overshad- 

owed any optimism generated by a 
tame inflation reading. 

The. government said consumer 
pices rose a smaUer-than-expected 
0-2 percent in September. 

Still, some investors remain wary 
that robust economic growth and a 
straog jobs market will eventually 
quicken inflation, prompting die 
Federal Reserve Board to raise bor- 
rowing costs again. 

‘ “The market is vulnerable, said 
35m Somers at Martindale Andres & 
Co. “We’re going to get smacked 
by surprise inflation numbers, and 
it’s just a question of when." 

TTie price of die benchmark 30- 
year Treasury bond finished up 1/32 
point, at 99 24/32, leaving the yield 
steady at 6 39 percent 

(Bloomberg. AP) 

Profit Up 42%, Compaq to Pay First Dividend 

■ LIN Television Corp. said it was negotiating with an 
unidentified company that had made a takeover offer topping 
the $1.71 billion bid by Hicks, Muse, Tate & Furst Inc. 
Following the announcement, LIN's shares rose £3.8125 to 
S50.375 in late trading in New York. 

• BTR PLC has agreed lo buy Exide Electronics Group 1 
North Carolina for $585 million in cash and assumed del 

i Inc. of 
Jebt as it 

continues its growth in the market for equipment that prevents 
interruptions in electrical supplies during power outages. 

• Raytheon Co.'s third-quarter net profit rose 12 percent, to 
52 1 1 .2 million, on sales of $3.45 billion, up 14 percent from the 
third quarter of 1996. But since the third quarter profit report last 
year included a large one-time write-off. the defense con- 
tractor's net profit in the quarter this year rose only slightly. 

• Sun Microsystems Inc. is seeking $35 million damages in 
its lawsuit against Microsoft Corp., accusing Microsoft of 
hijacking a key Sun software technology. Sun, which licenses 
its Java programming language to Microsoft, posted its de- 
mands on its Web site: 

• Excite Inc. has agreed to buy Netbot Inc., which makes 

software for finding and buying products on the Internet, for 
$35 million in Stock. Bloomberg, Reuters. AP 

ITT Industries Cutting 1,900 Jobs 

Bloomberg News 

WHITE PLAINS, New York — ITT Industries Inc. said 
Thursday it would eliminate 1,900 jobs, or 3 percent of its 
work force, and take a $145.8 million charge in the third 
quarter, as it seeks to increase its auto parts profits. 

Before the $ 1 .20-a -share charge, the manufacturer of anti- 
lock braking systems and military communications systems 
had a profit of $54.7 million, or 45 cents a share, up 25 percent 

Conynlftf fy Oar Sa^Frnm Dispatcher 

HOUSTON — Compaq Com- 
puter Corp. said Thursday that its 
third-quarter earnings had surged 42 
percent on solid sales growth and 
wider profit margins, as it an- 
nounced another stock split and said 
it would pay the first cash dividend 
in its history. 

The chief executive, Eckhard 
Pfeiffer, said Compaq also expected 
“a strong fourth -quarter perfor- 
mance, with a healthy outlook for 

The 2-for-l stock split follows a 
5 -for- 2 split only three months ago, 
as Compaq's share price more titan 
doubled since ApnL The world's 

mal computer maker 
said it decided to begin paying a 
dividend to give shareholders some 
of its growing pile of cash — $6 
billion at the end of the quarter. 

Compaq earned $517 million, up 
from $365 milli on a year ago. The 
results were held back by a $44 
milli on charge for the acquisition of 
Tandem Computers. 

Revenue rose 31 percent to $6.47 
billion from $4.95 billion. 

Compaq shares closed down 
$4.0625 at $73.1875 because its 
earnings trailed the most aggressive 

Among other technology compa- 
nies reporting earnings. Digital 

Equipment Corp. reported a $25 
million profit for the quarter, re- 
versing last year’s loss with help 
from stronger sales of computers 
based on Intel Corp. chips. 

Digital’s loss in the July-Septem- 
ber quarter of 1996 was $66 mil- 

Digital, which is in a patent fight 
with Intel, said sales of its server 
computers using its rival’s 
rose more than 140 percent in 
quarter. Sales of computers based on 
Digital's own Alpha chip were up 
nearly 30 percent. Its shares fell 
$1.50 to $48,875. 

Late Wednesday, Apple Com- 
puter Inc. posted a loss of $161 

milli on for the July-SepCember peri- 
od, its fiscal fourth quarter. Apple 
earned $25 milli on a year earlier. 

The loss was wider than expected, 
and Apple shares fell Thursday to 
$21.50, down $23125. 

Revenue fell 30 percent to $1.6 
billion from $2~? billion. It is during 
the fourth quarter that Apple nor- 
mally makes the bulk of its sales to 

“For them to be down during the 
quarter is quite telling. This is sup- 
posed to be their big quarter,” said 
Kevin Haase, an analyst with In- 
ternational Data Corp. in Mountain 
View, California, 

(Bloomberg. AP) 

TRAVEL: Focusing on High-Tech Corporate Bookings, Rosenbluth Rides High 


13.7 million, or 36 cents a share, a year earlier." 

Continued from Page 15 

Rosenbluth’s corporate focus and 
cutting-edge technology have paid 
off in another way as well. The com- 
pany has managed to ride above the 
changes roiling other agencies, in- 
cluding reduced airline commissions 
and an increasing number of trav- 
elers who bode through the Internet. 

From a handful of offices in Phil- 
adelphia 20 years ago, Rosenbluth is 
now in 46 states and 43 countries, 
from Chile to China. Its 1996 sales of 
$25 billion in die United Sates tied 
it with BTI Americas for third place 
in Travel Weekly’s ranking of travel 
agencies. American Express Co. is 
first, with $9.1 billion in sales, fol- 
lowed by Carlson Wagonlit Travel, 
with 53.2 billion. Rosenbluth ’s 
worldwide sales last year totaled $3 

billion, and this year the company is 
projecting revenues of $3 J billion. 

Almost 98 percent, of the com- 
pany's revenue derives from man- 
aging the travel needs of its 1,500 or 
so corporate clients. Its advertising 
budget, a paltry $150,000 this year, 
is directed not at consumers but at 
executives and corporate travel man- 
agers who read trade publications. 

Rosenbluth has come a long, long 
way from its beginnings in 1892, 
when Marcus Rosenbluth, the 
founding great-grandfather, hit on 
file idea of charging European im- 
migrants $50 for steamship passage 
to New York and transportation 
from Ellis Island to Philadelphia. 

The agency stayed close to home 
for three generations, booking the 
usual range of cruises and plane 
trips for customers, until Hal Rosen- 

blutfa became president in 1985. 

He joined the agency in 1974 and 
began working his way up the fam- 
ily corporate ladder. But in 1978, the 
year airlines were deregulated, he 
wandered into the area where re- 
servation agents were working on 
the company’s few corporate ac- 
counts, which represented just $5 
million or so in bookings. 

“ After a couple of day s.” he said, 
“I demoted myself from, vice pres- 
ident to reservations agent and went 
into business travel full time.” 

The key to Rosenbluth’s success 
was its mastery of compotes. 

The company developed a reser- 
vation data system that listed flights 
by price, thus enabling the company 
to guarantee corporate travel man- 
agers the lowest fore on every route. 
Next, it promised to reduce corporate 

travel budgets in return for fees from 
clients instead of commissions from 
wttIiiwh Then it demonstrated how 
airline s could increase revenue by 
cutting fares to Rosenbluth clients on 
certain routes, in return for tbe cli- 
ents’ guarantee to fill more seats. 

The technology department, 
which now accounts for one-fifth of 
the 500 employees at headquarters, 
has since turned out an array of soft- 
ware wizardry, including an on-line 
system that allows travelers to book 
flights, hotels and rental cars from 
their personal computers, using a list 
of options that ranks the best deal for 
the company and ensures compliance 
with corporate policy on costs and 
other travel concerns. Another pro- 
gram enables employees to submit 
expense reports using a company’s 
existing electronic maul network. 

For Japan 
The Dollar 


NEW YORK — The dollar 
feJ I against che yen Thursday on 

pose a big tax cut next week to 
bolster its sagging economy. 

Japan's governing Liberal 
Democratic Parry will unveil a 
stimulus package that may in- 
clude a corporate tax cot aimed 
at saving companies as much as 
$8.2 billion, party officials 

"Anything that appears to 
help the economy is going to be 

foreign exchange 

good for the yen,” said Elliott 
Dix. chief currency trader at 
Signet Bank in Richmond, Vir- 

In 4 PJM. trading, the dollar 
fell to 119,470 yen from 
121 .075 yen Wednesday. 

The dollar slipped against the 
Deutsche mark after a report of 
fame U.S. inflation doused ex- 
pectations that tbe Federal Re- 
serve Board might raise interest 
rates sooner than the Bundes- 
bank raises German rates. 

While U.S. interest rates are 
higher than those in Germany, 
the spread between them is ex- 
pected to narrow by May, when 
the founding members of 
Europe’s single currency are 

The dollar edged down to 
1.7465 DM from 1.7472 DM 
Wednesday, to 5.8556 French 
francs from 5.8610 francs and 
to 1.4555 Swiss francs from 
1 .4585 francs. The pound foil to 
$1.6177 from $1.6238. 

“The good CPI implies the 
Fed has some room to wait, so 
U.S. rates may not keep pace 
with rates in Germany,” Mr. 
Dix said “Rates in Germany 
went up once and they might go 
up again.” 

The government said its con- 
sumer price index rose 0.2 per- 
cent in September, a smaller 
rise than forecast. 

In Japan, economic weak- 
ness sours investors on the 
country’s assets and the yen 
needed to pay for them. 

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932.11 92241 92545 914.24 

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71854 70829 10831 -596 

Daw Jones Bond 



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1167 l« 
67717 3714 
59602 45* 
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42281 2096 
40421 4114 
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107930 34 
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93777 9716 95 9W8. 

14529 *% It H 

13880 7». 64% £6. 

7445 14W 14V* |«* 

7423 76W SW 251% 

MU 2M 81 29*% 

















ii>% i. - ** 

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-■? NYSE 



Tcao nun 










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lo mates. 

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1OT2 Z364 

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186 279 

42 44 

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3803 3845 

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Cotes MycrLM b 607B 10-21 12-2 

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Brnllnjton Nthn 

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Dun BracURet 
Fst AmSMPmi hnr 
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Fart Janes 


Da ne Frac a od 0 .1? TM 11-18 

PPG Induct O 341M0 12-12 


. M 10-31 11-14 
. £619-31 11-28 




Compaq Computer _ .03 12-31 1-20 

Mercantile Bncp - 28712-10 1-2 

VF Capo . 20 12-9 12-19 

MCE Pdrwtindg 
08- Dll Carp 


. JMdwit 
Susqnahanna BKs 

Par Ant Roc Pay 

Q .1311-17 12-8 
.12 12-12 12-26 
JO 12-10 1-2 

JO 12-3 1-2 

.14 11-19 12-17 
2210-31 11-14 
2010-28 11-11 
.33S 12-1 12-15 
2JS 12-1 12-15 
■22 11-20 12-10 
.09 10-31 11-14 
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M 10-23 10-31 
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.165 124 12-31 
JfflO-ll 11-14 
.1911-24 12-4 
.06 10-22 10-31 
J» 11-14 12-16 
X 10-31 11-28 
i JO 11-28 12-15 
O JOB 10-31 11>12 
M .1575 11-3 11.17 
Q .10 10-31 11-13 
0 .125 10-27 11-14 
Q 31 10-28 11-20 

Oct. 16, 1997 

HW> Law Latest dig* OpW 



A00Q bu irttemun- conic par ImmImI 
Dec 97 290d 2MM 287 -3 207404 

Mar 98 mvi 396 296% .291 B&462 

May 98 XMW 300N 30IH -216 2&179 

A498 3UPA 305 305V. -2 31650 

Sap 98 294h 292 292 -216 1555 

Dk«8 291V* 288W 28W -2 Vl 21.938 

J«I99 301 W -2» 192 

Est SOtm 454)00 W«r» Mies 5&5B3 
Wetfs open M 279400. vp 4322 

100 tom- ODlara per ten 

Oct 97 2345D 22900 22920 -520 3.972 

Dec 97 22POO 224.50 22490 -4J0 47.751 
Jan 98 22X30 22390 22190 -4JD 20336 
Mar 98 22590 22050 22140 -170 10571 

M O 223JO 219.00 219.90 -140 16442 
22450 22140 22140 -350 10464 

ED. utos 20000 Wotfs sd« 71590 
Wad* span H I22A4A up 471 


AOOOO lbs- certs per 1b 

Del 97 2440 2437 2447 *028 85B 

Dec 97 2118 2456 2498 *024 56546 

Jon 98 2U6 2494 2521 *035 20965 

Mar 98 2540 2522 2145 +022 1U22 

M0998 25L70 2545 2557 +017 7.197 

Juire 2540 2540 2570 +015 7,548 

Est sates 1 7400 Weds nates 11533 
Wotfs open M 105991 up 1420 


iooo tw minimum, certs per busM 

Noe 97 711 7D1 TOd .2(6 B2JX5 

Jon 98 715te 706 706 VS -2d 41410 

Mar 98 77119 71316 7V04 -3d 18,936 

Mar 98 728 717VJ 71BW -3 146SZ 

JD98 733 724 724 -5 I24TO 

Est sates 47400 Waft sates 61,109 

Wotfs dwn M 1791292, up 1130 


5400 bn ratahnam- cents per ImhM 

Dec 97 37216 365 36514 -4W 61125 

Mar 98 38416 377ft 378ft ~f* 27400 

May 98 390 385 385d -3d 1255 

-M98 390 386 38716 -2ft 12478 

ED. sates 17400 WKtfS Mias 11192 

VMS opon M 1 1 1621 tp 829 



40400 Ms.- cents per ft. 

0ct97 63.10 6742 6842 +0.92 

D#C 97 66.97 4635 4645 +865 

Feb 90 6945 6890 69.17 +040 

Apr 98 7240 7142 TUJ *1L2S 

Jon 98 70.15 6945 7041 +0.17 

Aug9e 7040 6945 6940 +0.10 

ED. solas 1 1497 Wetfs sales 1X834 
Wotfs open H 95J12, op L242 


SMOO Bs.- oats parte. 

0097 7745 7695 7740 +080 

No* 97 77 AS 7440 7745 +042 

Am 90 78.15 7740 7107 +QJJ2 

Mar 98 7840 77AS 77.90 +(X« 

Apr 98 7845 7745 7620 +037 

May 98 7940 7050 78.92 +027 

EsL sates 2464 Won sates 1141 
WWi open Ini 10186 up 146 


40400 BlA-CBltS pte b 
OD97 47X2 imeh. 

Dec *7 62X5 6142 6240 *020 

Feb 98 6027 6142 61.70 +020 

Apr 98 4022 59 JO 59X5 +Ol32 

ion 98 6670 6580 66.17 +050 

ED srtasAJOOWMh sates 7471 
Wetfs open tel 38J13. up 127 

40400 Bn- auH par ft. 

Fab 98 6070 5900 £063 +1J2 

Mar 98 6045 59.10 40X7 +1.22 

May 98 6230 6040 4230 +130 

Eti. Irtes 2J» WhR cates 33U 
Went* open U 7.9SL op 218 

Mgb Low LateD Chge Opint 

■iMOOBisj- certs park. 

No* 97 <840 6740 6830 +035 H7X7 

Jan 98 7145 7045 7140 +075 14384 

Mar 98 7X45 7440 7440 +070 8490 

May 98 7790 77.10 7740 +070 2.140 

ED srta HA. wetfs sales 2930 
Wetfs open U 41 432, up 125 



1H0 boy nSrdoRora per troy or. 

0097 35X90 -130 135 

Dec 97 329.10 32440 32640 -130 BA307 

Fib 99 33050 32730 328.10 -130 22,153 

Apr 98 33130 32930 32930 -130 0989 

AM 98 33330 33U0 33130 -130 10453 

Align 33440 m» 33330 -l.W 4391 

Oct 98 335X0 33X00 335X0 -1.10 X86 

Dec 98 339.10 337 JO 33730 -130 IL793 

ED irtas 4A000 Watfs sotes 35385 
wotfs open W 173X12. rtl 1518 

25400 lbs.- carts pert. 

Oct 97 8830 9440 9435 -135 

No* 97 97.10 9473 9440 -135 

Dec 97 97 JO 94J0 9S.4S -145 

JOP98 9530 9530 9530 -1J5 

Feb 98 96.10 9550 9530 -L7S 

Mar 98 97X0 9530 93J5 -140 

tarn 95X0 -146 

Morn 9340 9540 9535 -135 

Ann 9540 9440 9440 -130 

ED srtns 12400 Wads sates 1A703 
Wetfs open fed 50441 up 665 




0097 50840 48740 48740 -1530 

Dec 97 51130 48930 49140 -1530 

Jm98 49230 -1180 

Mar 98 31640 49550 49630 -16.00 

Morn 51840 49940 49940 46.10 

Jrt» 502X0 -1630 

Sep 98 53640 SQ5J0 505.10 -16X0 

ED 8rt«s 2 14 00 Wetf8 sates 15X93 
WwfsapM tat 1018iA op 858 


50 tmy at- dam per tra* ol 
0097 43550 42730 42730 -10X0 

AW 98 44140 42640 42930 -10X0 

Apr 98 42640 42430 4U5D -10.40 

Jrtn 42730 42140 42140 -10X0 

ED sates NA Wetfs sates UM 
Wetfs iwenktflil9Aep 277 


16040 140440 1608ft 

162440 102540 1624ft 


209040 Sanaa 20774a 

211040 211140 212040 






















648500 649540 641040 
6STO40 698040 651040 

561540 562040 561540 
— 566040 566500 566540 

129tfft 1299ft T3O&0Q 
ntO 131540 131600 137140 




















sbon/UUb gi»|nm fat Coaortsi foods 
■maRMr; mroamtuc wmlnnnistflr. 


10 wattle taw- S per tea 

mi% in 

HV, Ite: 

ran m* 


i!% r% 

il>% ii% 

Stock Tables Expiamed 

Sales VsesaeunrtSdcLYeartyhigtisaKi Inn Rfled8K|Mevtaus52 weeks ptuslheajsenhieek, 
brt n rt tie latest Bntft ^tto r.VVtwe a »8t er sto ck dWapiitgraaManj a g parol* it.wtt*iyw 
been paid tbe yen hfobtaa range end dMdand ae stnwn for 2 » new Docks ortr. Untess 
CBr«rt»notett mm rtiSrttends toe awaaicastwnemenh based wnwHesdedtHnSw, 
u - (flrtJeiitl a*so earn (s).b-oanoal rateoldtrtjend ptes stock SMdenfl. c - liquidcfinq 

- ffiyioend deoare a w e ew tn prp c edwg 12 momtts. 1 - armed Mb Inacasetl on tost 
a w L M il lrt H-Meiilwia'mCMitiiBanfBnOfcsutHeqin 15% non-tesltfenceftBL i - dMdwid 
lft ?”. d . 0 ^^y^ l ^^^! fll,M ^t: dlyt *! lw P n l< >tt >toyeo6analttediletoiT«iLorna 
adlan M» at ttt* fiMentf w eenwp. R - QWtfend tfectofed or paid Itib year, an oc- 

am 8 fltrtnlsnteirtmaMaena 5 miMea 15 .a-armua 1 gte.iRtfuBMionlBDtfaid o 1 alfan.B- 

new issue m me post 53 weeks. Tlw Mgti-taw range begins wUi ftw start at lmdlin. 

ad -neDtieYOeH*ery.p-inrtialOMtlendanmiiil rale unknown, P/E -price^onfausMto^ 

MmSSXs Stott 

OivioemLs -sJntt8p«r.O*fMetKt begins wimiiafcofipjit. ib- sales, t- dividenl oe« in Stott 
® Prtttding 12 mentis, mfllra Med emb «rtue «<=wfi*itten0 orex^PDratrt^ 

Yea^Wg*i-v-inia«glwta«l. vl-kibc8D rupley<irraaiyeishtp gr bring reorganized ormrlhn 
Bataniaev AttorsecwnBotiumM suen ompatMD irt - ertien tfishtbuteDn - wtan 
tssoed' ww - *«i wonmte. * - e*-tfi»ideatf or ex-rigtits. 
am- wfltnulwewnflis. ^ es-dMdand and sales in ha. yM -ySd. i -»Ss 

Dec 97 






Mar 98 






May 98 












Sap 98 












ED Ktfes 9460 Wad* sates 5610 
Wetfs BDB1 inti 11391 ofl 8*7 


37300 bs.- cents per Rt. 

Doc 97 168J5 157.00 I57JS -430 1L72* 

Mv98 152.95 14*40 U*15 -AM 6495 

Moy«8 14130 14045 140J0 -6J0 2413 

Aflft 1X125 13640 13840 -540 2J5S 

Sep 98 13540 13245 13245 *U0 533 

ED srtet 1 2336 Watf* sates 1719 
Wetfs open K 24775, op 281 


112400 bs-eMtlPteb 

Marts 1147 1174 11.78 4147 92469 

May 98 1148 1178 1180 -047 247W 

Jut 96 1130 1171 11.72 -047 148*1 

Odn 1176 1138 1139 448 16X98 

ED sola 1 U» WWTS MlU 1 5X61 

Vtetfe open H 156J1 2, up 2321 

Hfab Law dose Cbge OpH 



S~W «4* #501 9543 UK3L 4409 

Morn 9547 9542 954* +041 *0*9 

-Ml 98 8540 9540 9*98 mdL 23* 

EDLMtas 7MJ HUN srtM 381 

smm rate- pb* 64RB <tf 100 pd 
DnW 107-M107-U 107-22 track 22U65 
JwW .14 BPC b, 

«J8«*M00 Wotfs srtes 40,93* 

Wwfs open fed 22UA up 3787 


•lOMOO ptav ph i, 32ndt rt tOO pel 

StS 1>M0 1,M * « 378908 
Mrt» 11041 109-22 109-27 bwD 19423 
* B > W 109-lf BDdL 2 

ED B8« I HOOP Wetfs wtesTLSS* 

Weds open tel 797.93% aHI758 

lltS 1B - M «■*. *32X93 

tSS ,MI 1,431 1,M * W8 *8X0* 

Sep98 115*53 114-17 llt^ tm LM6 

-«9 182X84 
118-28 118-31 -009 2X62 
Jann H.T. N.T. 118-26 -009 0 

E iLNu: 146705. Prev.tates 92.196 

Prte.apenMLiaUMrtl A3S 

DAUSUnO-ptsot lOOpcr 

SE2 15- W -4X5 29x932 

Mar 98 10138 101 J 4 10140 —OX* U57 

EDHfleE mis*. PravLsrtw 19X081 
Fie*, open taL- 302.989 «m« 

_Hfah Lon Latest Cbge Opint 

Dec 97 #182 9846 9830 - 0X8 138.782 

Mar 98 9876 97X4 97.78 - 0X6 6435 

-ten 98 9744 97X4 9734 -0X8 0 

ED sates: 246173. 

Optra teL; 1X5*01 7 art S2S. 


ITL 200 mMon - pis at 100 pd 
Doc 97 HUB 111.92 11217 -037113X70 
Morn 11238 11238 11112 -037 1X37 

Ain 98 N.T. N.T. 11112 -037 0 

ED. sates 614*1. Piw. sales: 50345 
Piev.apanlnL- 114907 up 147 

S3nflten-ptaa(100 pd. 

No* 97 9433 94J0 9430 -041 36X18 

Dec97 9414 9410 9411 imch. 10668 

Jon 98 9424 9422 9423 uncb. 1717 

Est. sates MU Wetfs sales 10163 
Wotfs open bit 51534 afl 20009 


*1 ndjBan-pts aflOO pd. 

NwW 9420 9416 9418 ladL 18466 

Oecw 9416 9411 9413 unch. 605X26 

Mar 98 9411 7403 9406 anctL 447X63 

Junn 9404 9X96 9X98 unai. 341174 

Sepn 9197 93X8 9191 undL 264561 

Decn 93X8 9X79 93X2 -O01 221*24 

Mar 99 91X6 9177 9181 inch. 160558 

Jun 99 93X2 9174 9177 -0X1 127X48 

tap 9® 9178 9171 9174 undL 102X50 

Doc 99 9171 9164 9167 undL B473S 

Mar 00 9X71 9X64 9167 unch. 70435 

JimOQ 93X8 9141 93X4 unch 50722 

ED ^sates 51 1580 Weds sates 45SXD7 
Ytetfs open btf 2X3S.160 oH Ujn 


60OT pounds, s par pound 

Dec 97 1X200 1X130 1X150-00034 29X77 

Maf9B 1XW0 1X090 lXOW-OOBM 257 

JOT 98 1X034-0X034 27 

Est. Dries 4233 Weds sates 4221 

Wetfs Optra H 20861, op 141 


1 00000 doBars.S per Cdn dir 

J222 .7233 undL 49X17 
MrtW .7273 .7260 J36* unch 2141 

Jm, 98 .7290 unch 518 

ED sotes 4260 Wats sains 20268 
Wstfscpeawsasa off 1X00 . 


•25X00 marks, s per mark 

-SS? -Sf JTS2*Oll(n7 64988 

* S -25 1 Sm 3780+0X017 2X50 

-ten 98 -5806 J806 X806+OOOI7 2*17 

atsutes uxwwetfs scries 11791 
Wbtfs open lid 72254 up L0B1 


13J nriUen m s per loo yen 

DlieW -SS 3 ■ 8U0 X419+0X09S Den 

ffSJ ■5?5- f<L0WS 

*m« X647 X&22 X647+OX097 163 

weds open btf 81621 oH LZti 


IKXKI bones. S per franc 

Han -JSS ■SU +a00,a 37 < M8 

' Vm Jfin ^WL«>17 1X74 

JWW J03B+00017 267 

ED sates &086 wetfs sales 10489 
Wetfs apes tat 30691 an 1.102 


wawii 5 off 

m£« IwS S »197 

™rw .12785 .12200 J 2340-JB83S 9.7BB 

JunflB .lifts) .11860 .11875 unch. 2 AM 

ED srtg 7X94 Wetfs sates 6JI4 

Wetfs Open W 41 J40 up 527 


£2)0X00 -oh of ! 00 pd 

P * C ” oHS Si? ’ 0,n 

MM 120195 

KtS S'? S 1 * 4 ♦O- 8 ' 85X59 

£S M -?-21 »«» 

JOT9? os is S 101 aSL3ST 

£?!L_ KLn 9117 ?1 ' 7 “ COfl 

"w- 131X* 

rw*-«WfiinL 65(178 1 up 1CLS04 


□Ml mtBan-pMrilCOpc) 

NorW 9634 9X24 96J4 —OX* 1,292 

^ Jtw ^ 

- 95B4 9491 94,97 otQTI mnn 

lw» W.W 9480 9434 HU Tim 

Law LateD Chge OpH 

Jun 98 
Sap 98 
Dec 98 

ED sales: 91.780 Pie*, striae: 121122 
Pie*, open bit: 471816 up llflll 

95X5 9495 95X1 -4UD 94X84 

95X5 9696 95X2 —004 61246 

9498 S*X9 94X3 -0X8 54461 

94X7 9*79 94X2 —OX9 27X67 

— -^r*- — - 

■ r •< 

i- r 

" !W 

r r- 




50000 bs^ cents per lb. 

Dec 97 71X5 71X6 71X8 +016 

6ter98 72X5 71X0 72X2 +0.17 

May 98 7179 73X5 73J5 +026 

■I ul 98 7450 7435 74X7 *017 

Oct 98 7410 75X8 76.10 +042 

ED sdes MA. Wetfs sates 7X73 
Wtah op« btf 92X77, up 982 


Apr 91 














No* 97 5045 56-Si 5001 +1X7 

Dec 97 59X0 57X5 5098 +UD 

Jot 98 59.95 58X5 99X8 +092 

Feb 98 *0X0 58X5 59-78 +083 

Mar 98 59.15 50X5 5098 +072 

r98 57X5 57X0 5723 +0*3 

f 98 56X5 55X0 55X8 +052 

ED sales N A Wads, sales 31X68 
Weds open bit 140800 off 2227 


1X00 bbL- daflan per bbL 
No* 97 21X2 20X7 20.97 +040 59X96 

Dec97 21.14 2067 21X9 +039100790 

Jon 98 21.10 20-74 21X8 +038 491,994 

Fab 98 21X2 20X9 20.99 +4L34 27X43 

Mur 98 2052 2063 2090 +002 14989 

Apt-98 20X1 28X7 20X1 +031 12XS3 

ED sates NA. wotfs sates 1 19X79 
Warn open H 426X56. afl 1X06X42 


10000 nun Mv% S par ran Mu 
1*0*9 T 1275 3X70 1247+0008 441*2 

Dec 97 33S5 1130 1329+0198 39J26 

Jan 98 1264 1110 1264 +0130 27X01 

Feb9B 1955 2X00 1941 +0133 wSo 

Mar 98 2.660 isso 2*40+0100 14155 

Apr 98 1400 2X60 2-375 +0059 1421 

ED sates NA. Wetfs sates 2&2S6 
Wetfs open krt 231282. up 584 




59X8 +1X8 
99X5 +1.18 
59X5 +1X3 
59X0 +093 
6010 +0X3 
42X0 +073 
62X5 +0X3 
61X3 +0*1 









NO* 97 57.95 

Dec 97 59X5 

Jan 98 59X0 58X5 

F*98 59 JS 59.40 

Mar 98 6010 59X0 

AgrW^ 62X0 6115 

Jun98 . 

ED sales NA. Weth sates 210*6 

WMSapm tat 90331, all 8S2 


UX.MhnperaiOTicnn- lots ol ioo taas 

N»97 180.25 177.75 180X0 *125 34319 
Dac97 IBIifl )39jU 181X5 + 2X0 106*1 

12 ,OT 18US * ,J3 UU7 

FebJB 182-50 181X0 183X0 +2X0 
Mor 98 180X0 179X0 180X0 + 1X0 

t! *’• 








JOT 98 
tap 98 
Dec 96 

Mar 98 
JOT 98 


DOC 98 



DfC» 9419 9412 9415 — 005 »», 

"erg 95X4 95.73 9577 -0M Sml 

Jun 98 95X7 95X6 9550 -no? Sil? 

DotM 9523 M>3 9515^ft» MM 

ED later 104051. 

Op«i inL: 2*1X93 up 4622. 


ITL Iranian -ah aflOO pd 

Dec97 919 b 9191 939* -0X2 latrtg 

M»« 94JO 9*62 94*5 -* )S iSw 

ff**8 " N.T. Mt: 178X0 +1JO 

»tay«8 17400 17400 175X0 +1X0 

ED sates: 11,975. Pro*, sates : 11*71 
ftw. open ML 97X47 afl L404 


• W» °l UXB bOIMH 

Jte*W 19X2 19X3 19J9 + 028 MU77 

JJ-JJ J9*6 19.92 +037 84175 

J®W 19.91 19J>3 19X5 +027 3U28 

RsbW 19X5 T9XS 19.78 *126 U764 

MtrW 19-75 193 19X5 +02* " ~ 

Apr9B 19X3 19J5 19X3 +025 

Estscries: 37X02. Pro*. salai : 53X59 
Pm. open inL- i71J27offZX47 

Slock Indexes 


SJS z mttex * 

SS2 2!““ ’a*- 50 

JOT98 991X0 991X0 991X0 14*8 

Ed. sates N A Wotfs sola 53X53 
**H*oponW 1915*1 off 576 


05 par tada paled 

DecW 53900 S307.0 53BSX *595 71727 
Mar 98 5*145 5370X 5*315 +«U> 2X27 

EsLstiau 10500 PTmtateR T2X2B 
Prw.oprailnL 7S.7S4 up 5*9 



22.« ST 1 ? 2771 -° 3009b +18X 30031 
No* ?7 30I6X 29810 3DIU +U0 1L75B 
0*n Agio m&O M24S tlTX 17XU 
Mar9B 30310 3027X 3049J +I8X 10793 
ED sates.- 17X17. 

Open InL 83X74 up 41 


Commodity tadexes 

Oasa Fmieis 

1X27X0 1X34X0 

1X8220. 1XSSJS 

1*427 147 J* 

2*3X3 244J5 

.Jgwpts: Maw Assodai^ Pirns. Laafaa 
'^Fmaac^FatuKstjcdKtasjbhtil ■ 

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OJ, Futures 


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llu ‘ »"L 

'Offers Bolster MCI 

Someone Will Buy It, Investors Trust 



PAGE 17 

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NEW YORK — Shares of MCI 
Communications Com. and BritiVh 
Telecommunications ** 

Thursday amid confidence chat M§ 
will accept a bid from one of its 
suitors. ,ls 

MCI stock finished np $1 \ok at 

U.S. exchanges. BT s American de- 
S£ , ?H raapfs rose $1,125 to 
576.125, while ns shares closed uo 
at 473J 

Analysts said that GTE Com ’s 
surmise bid to buy MO for cSsh 
bolstered investors confidence that 
«“ Jfcwnpanies trying to purchase 
dw No. - U.S. long -distan ce com- 
pany will succeed. GTE’s $40-a- 

^« cas \ ofFer WoridCom»s 
$4 130-a-share stock bid have cut the 
risk that MCI s shares could fall back 
to where they were before the offers 
were made, they said. 

“People are confident somebody 
will buy them.” said Anna-Maria 
Kovacs of Janney Montgomery 
Scott Inc. “The GTE offer puts a 
floor under MCI’s stock. ” 

GTE unveiled its bid, which is 
worth at least $28 billion, on 
Wednesday, two weeks after World- 
Com made its stock offer, worth at 
$30 billion. Both bids were 
made after BT, which already owns 
Ji percent of MCI, renegotiated its 
agreement in August to buy the re- 
? am ipg 80 percent of die company. 
Based on Wednesday’s closing 
price of $75 for American depos- 
itary receipts representing shares in 
BT, BT’s cash and stock bid valued 
MCI at $35.88 a share. 

Some investors expect even more 
bids, analysts said. “The market’s 
saying there’s going to be somebody 
who will push die bid even above 
WorldCom’s,” said Guy Woodlief 
of Prudential Securities Try. 

While GTE’s offer all but kills off 
BT’s agreed offer for MCI, it could 
pave the way for a powerful three- 
way alliance that saves BT from 
having to rebuild its international 

PTMncmft efratemi 

McGraw-Hill Purchases 
Funds Researcher Micropal 

to British Telecom,’’ said Grant Col - 
lens of Hill Samuel Asset Manage- 
ment “From a commercial point of 

view, the two of them could sit down 
far more easily than WorldCom and 
B T and thrash something out* * - 

GTE’s bid also gives BT the op- 
tion of walking away with $5.6 bul- 
lion in cash for its 20 percent stake in 
MCI, instead of getting WorldCom 
shares. WorldCom shares have risen 
10-foki indie past five years, but are 
vulnerable if the U.S. bull market 
comes to a halt, analysts said. 

BT opened the door for World- 
Com by lowering its offer for MCI 
by about $5 billion in August, after 
MCI said local operations would 
lose $800 million mis year and pos- 
sibly more in 19 98. 

CaBpMbr<krSsfFna DitpaHn 

LONDON — McGraw-Hill Cos. 
said Thursday that it would buy Mi- 
cropal, Europe’s largest investment 
fond researcher, for an undisclosed 
price and would make it part of its 
Standard & Poor’s Corp.’s infor- 
mation-services business. 

The purchase comes five months 
after Standard & Poor’s bought 
Fund Research Inc., the largest fund 
researcher in Britain, to raise its 
international coverage and to add 
stock-fund analysis to its fixed-in- 
come expertise. 

“When combined, we will be a 
powerhouse in the mutual-funds in- 
dustry,” said Robert Hunter, pres- 
ident of S&P Finan cial Information 
Services. “Micropal offers the most 
comprehensive performance meas- 
urement system in mutual funds 

More than 30,000 mutual funds 
outside the United States have col- 
lective assets of roughly $3 trillion, 
McGraw-Hill said. 

Mr. Hunter, who refused to com- 
ment on die purchase price, said it 
was a cash offer. S&P said Mi- 
cropal’s directors and other share- 

GM Said to Weigh Plan for Sharp Cuts in Europe Work Force 

holders, who own tbe overwhelming 
majority of outstanding shares, had 
agreed to the terms of the sale. 

Micropal, which was established 
in 1995 and employs 150 people in 
11 countries, has data cm more than 
38,000 funds. 

S&P provides financial informa- 
tion and credit ratings for countries, 
companies and institutions world- 

Standard & Poor's Micropal will 
be run by Mark A dorian, who has 
managed Micropal ‘s day-to-day ac- 
tivities. Christopher Poll, the 
founder and 50 percent stakeholder 
of Micropal, said he would retire. 

Last year Micropal earned 
£380,000 ($616,855) before taxes 
on sales of £1 IS) million. This year, 
revenue will be around £13.6 mil- 
lion, Mr. Poll said. 

Separately, the parent of tbe rat- 
ing agency IBCA, the French-based 
Financiere Marc de Lacharierre S A, 
said it had acquired Fitch Investors 
Service for $175 million and would 
combine it with IBCA. Fimalac said 
tbe move would create the thirti- 
largest rating agency in the world. 

(Bloomberg, Reuiefs) 

-4 3250 - 

v 4300 — 1 \ - -+■ * 5250 — -t*? 3100 . ~jr i 

4100 —f-hAi 5000 rftf-! 

* JW-- /-If— J«0 f »](]#■—* j 

> 3700 iv4500 ™— \ ; 

SI CMpiMbyOurSafFnaaDapuKlin 

’ RUESSELSHEIM, Germany — 
Geueral Motors Corp. may reduce its 
European work force between 10 per- 
cent and 15 percent as part of a cost- 

has most of its European factories, plan. “The cost reduction program and “focus more on the challenges reason to participate in such spec- 
aboot 6,000 to 8,000 jobs could go. will end up costing the workera more of tbe European car market” ulation.” Earlier this year, Mr. Her- 

Opel Belgium said Thursday that than anyone edse/’he said. Adding to the uncertainty over man’s contraci as chairman was re- 

it would cut 1,900 jobs at its An- GM declined to confirm tbe extent Opel’s future was a report in tbe newed for a further five years. 

****<*'*-• - 

cutting plan, the chairman of die planned restructuring, 
workers council for tbe company’s GM had a loss of 3 
Adam Opel unit said Thursday. Europe in the third q 
Rudolf Mueller, chief of the work- looking for ways to € 
ers council, said an efficiency study billion plan to expand 
of the carmaker’s European oper- Asia, Eastern Europ 
ation was expected to recommend America, 
carting 10,000 to 12,000 jobs across Mr. Mueller said be' 

twerp assembly plant as -part of the of die job cuts. “The 10 percent to 15 

parent number is pure speculation,’ ’ 
GM had a loss of $21 million in said a GM spokesman in Europe. 
Europe in the third quarter and is “Much of die study has not yet been 
looking for ways to finance a $2.7 completed and has not even started in 
billion plan to expand production in our largest site in Germany.” 

Asia, Eastern Europe and South Mr. Mueller, who has responsi- 
America. bilities for GM workers across 

Mr. MueDer said be would not rule Europe, demanded that GM discon- 

German magazine Manager saying 
that tbe chairman of Adam Opel AG, 
David Herman, would be replaced by 

Europe over the next two to five out a strike by die 45,000 workers in tinue the study, which will be 
years. In Germany alone, where GM Germany if GM went ahead with the presented to management Oct 28, 

said a UM spokesman m Europe. David Herman, would be replaced by 
“Much of die study has not yet been Gary Cowger, managing director of 
completed and has not even started in GM’s Mexico operation. Opel re- 
cur largest site in Germany.” sponded by saying it saw no reason 

Mr. Mueller, who has responsi- Mr. Herman should be replaced, 
bilities for GM workers across “Herman was properly appointed 

Europe, demanded that GM discon- by the supervisory board and is dis- 
tinue the study, which will be charging his duties with full corn- 
presented to management Oct 28, mitment,” Opel said. “We see no 

New registrations of Opel cars in 
the European Union fell 0-5 percent 
in tbe first nine months of 1997, and 
in June die company said increased 
competition in the moribund Euro- 
pean market could soften earnings for 
the year, f-ast year, it had a profit of 
314 million Deutsche marks ($197 
million). Opel is losing market share 
to its main rival, Volkswagen AG. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters. AFX) 

g^ggnBsg 1 


Source: Telekurs htawfliwal HmHTiihw 

Very briefly; 

e WJH. Smith Group PLC plans to spin off its Waieretone's 
book unit and sell its recorded music businesses. The company 
also said it had rejected a second takeover proposal in two weeks 
by Tun Waters tone, a former Smith executive who founded the 
Waterstone's chain before selling it to Smith in 1989. Analysts 
value Waterstone’s at about £210 milli on ($340.9 million). 

• T&N PLC, a British car-parts maker, advised shareholders 
to accept a revised £1.5 billion, 260 pence-per-share bid from 
Federal-Mogul Corp. of the Unitea States. 

• Assurances Generates de France SA rejected an un- 
solicited 55 billion franc ($936 billion) takeover bid by 
Assieurazioni Generali SpA of Italy, saying it was too low 
and could lead to tbe dismantling of AGF. 

• The Loudon Metal Exchange appointed Alan Whiting as its 
first director of regulation and compliance in a move aimed at 
improving its policing of the exchange 16 months after Sum- 
itomo Corp. lost $2.6 billion in a copper-trading scandal. Mr. 
Whiting has been responsible for regulation at the Treasury. 

• President Jacques Chirac of France, in an apparent crit- 
icism of leftist government policy, said changes in working 
hours could not be imposed from above. B/oombern. Reuers 


■n t 


■ Mr - - 

i: • 


• ~ .Hipi — 

f -35 a- " 

**•'*>• ■ v 

t > V 

p- m-t-V ’ 


' v 

I P 

k Thursday, Oct. 16 

* Prices in local currencies. 


Higti Low Ctac* Prev. 

Amsterdam abwemb 


ASM -AMRO 4040 39 JO 3940 4070 

Aegon 149-10 144JQ 16440 14940 

AlMid 5130 50.90 51 JO 5130 

AkzoNoM 3SS 351 JO 353 3S7 

BoonCo. 146 141 JO 141 J0 14140 

Bob Wesson 300 SOD 300 300 

CSMCVO 9330 91. 7D 9140 9130 

DonDsdiePrt 11196 111 11UQ 11150 

DSM 18450 182JQ 18150 18540 

EbCMier 33J0 32J0 33 3190 

Forfts Amev 8110 81.70 8150 83J0 

GttaHCS 7150 6SJ0 7158 71 JO 

& Bnc on 5840 5740 SL20 58.70 

99.40 NJD 97 99 

346 34DJD 343 346JQ 
HOMWmcn 1WJ0 114JD 11830 118JQ 
90 87 JO 88 90 

9080 89 JD 89.90 PO» 
71 JO 6950 7040 7080 
5050 4980 SB 5030 
7540 7430 7430 7540 
71 JO 7030 7130 7% 

59 JO 5830 » 5*30 

□exunraen 451-90 244 244 251 JO 

Write Elec 14180 JgJO MM 

Prtywwn 12130 11940 i»J0 124, 

RW&OrilWq m K110 81 B040 

Roteco 193JB 193 1M 193J0 

"140 60 60.10 60JB 

M2 1*150 192 192J0 

UO 45 45 45JB 

WMknKTOM 265J0 2S9 26140 261J0 







Write Elec 


Springer (Anri) 


494 499 JO 
17530 175-JO 
262 263 

13040 171 JO 
1540 1540 

880 880 
41250 41250 
99J0 9940 
570 570 

84SJ0 849 

1165 1165 

Wg& Law Close Pm. 

BSkvB 434 A53 462 457 

SrtSW Ui JJ2 1J4 1£S 

BritTriecon 4* 446 4J0 447 

BTR 238 2J8 134 237 

BunaahCodral 11.25 U.10 11-17 11-09 

BwtmGp US 133 134 134 


Carton Comm 

Law data Prav. 

Hlgti Low cam Pm. 

High Low a use Pm. 

Bar dl R obb 
B eaetton 

5390 SttO 5315 5335 

72SD 7360 7320 7235 

1749 1720 1735 1720 

29100 2B550 98W1 28700 





27W 2740 2740 2798 
2084 2055 2084 2060 
173 167 JO 168.10 17240 
1668 1650 1651 1658 

Row* Do** 




WMkn KI on 

$ Bangkok 

Ariv brio Swc 

Bangkok BiF 






TM AB*m 
UM Conan 


SET Mk 52U8 


















97 JO 











99 JO 


ftwK l tl lM g 

6)435 59$ 605J5 96 

506 493 499J5 JW 

10150 KUJO 103 1 CELTS 
593^ 60035 393 

272 26935 270JD 26975 
411 40050 40435 4W 
791 280 28875 »9J5 

35CL50 34335 

m asm 

MW WS U* Kg 

7600 72W 7M0 ^ 

9400 9190 9400 WOO 

3295 3205 3290 3300 

20000 19450 20000 20075 
1745 17*5 1760 

7420 7400 7410 7410 

So 3440 3490 3^0 

72*0 7150 7240 7290 

1580 JU0 1630 
egoo 5630 5710 5630 

uw 14^ 1^ M 



3315 3305 5 3140 

3040 3025 3036 30* 

131U0 128500 130300 131700 

Copenhagen “gSSSS 

cSnftU 1M0 51 ™ © 

fWurn 384 X» 

QnOonakfSk 730 709 

UKShnOMB 460000 

a g % & 

% $ s | 






Tata Eog Loco 













Helsinki hex* 

EbsoA 58 

HtMonwidl 217 
Knorira 57 JO . 

Koto 7450 

Marta A >460 

MsbuB 149JD 
Meho-SadoB »A) 
tele 135 

NoUaA 517 JO 

CrtovYWjunor )M 

Outokumpu A *1 
UPMKTwmtlW 150 
Votawl *6 

Hong Kong 

AawPmfK 7 JO 
Bk Bid Asia 2SJ0 

Cjrtwry*: WS 

Chewig Knoq 77 
CKtafrasMid 2035 


DooHtnc Bk 29 
RWPocMc 7.10 
Hang Lung De* 1X65 
• SengBk 87 

maa Hw 7J5 

. cwJmonLd S7J5 

» J 

HoWtenVm S6.5 

Wan* Si 
ffl ® 

SHK Props. » 

stunTakHrigs 463 

S too Land to. 433 
Sth Chino Pud 640 
SotePDCA 5675 
WtartHdgs 2S2S 
Wteetak 1415 












56 5738 
288 216 
. 54J8 57 JO 
7330 74 

26 26-50 

148 149 JO 

49 5030 
134 135 

510 512 

192 193 

*0 *050 

149 14930 
94 95J0 

Ha^Srag : 1256736 
PlWtaM; 1228436 

7 JO 7 JO 7 JO 
2i20 2SJB 25JD 
840 965 HJ0 

74 76 78 

19 2DJ0 19 JO 
39 38J0 
..’.10 3R» 38.10 
27J0 2865 2&30 
675 7 630 

1110 1340 13J0 
84 86JS 8SJ5 

7.10 745 7 JO 

55 S7J5 56J0 

1455 1490 1470 
USD 28J0 27 JO 
15J0 16J5 16.10 
133 XS2 342 
327 73* tn 

63J0 6450 6635 
20l70 2130 21 

21.10 21.10 22 

1760 17 JO 1740 

40 41.40 4130 
2.17 US 2.13 
068 0J7 DJ2 

83 86 K 

4J8 463 453 

6J0 <35 665 

630 660 6J0 

53 5635 5435 
2445 2SJ5 BL25 
1X30 14 1X60 

2600 2525 
800 775 

730 775 

8880 9C75 

1 I 

3625 3575 

2600 2400 
WO 750 
SOS 750 
0900 B6D0 
2000 1900 

3950 3850 

9050 8900 

6050 5750 

3300 3175 

3625 3550 

Johannesburg *»»3£ggi 

31 J8 JIX 3335 3160 
* 25830 25930 25ag 


87 84.40 B7 8460 
11 JO 1130 1130 fLW 
VI'P 52-10 5330 5U0 
24 035 24 23.15 

U360 14X80 14X40 14330 
B50 3X2S 33J0 
Ilk 42.10 41.10 42 41.80 

1135 11-TO 1130 1L90 
GF5A 1 CO 10160 JO JO 

as '“a s« 

103 103 XM 

6050 O MX 
356 3S6 354 3S5J0 

13SJ0 13480 13530 135. 2D 
’ulo 1U5 1630 1635 
101 10030 10060 10O 

1730 ES IMS 17« 

EwmCram w, 

Erterortera 7i* 

FomtoooU 1J4 

GmrtAoMert 1133 

SEC 40? 

GKN 1480 

GkneMeBcoiae 1S34 
GranodoGp 8J3 

Grand M« 6-30 

GRE 146 

GwrafcGp 180 

Grtwec 63V 

GUS 7.14 

Han 7J4 

HSBCHMgi 19.95 

tO 960 

bnpITabacm 191 

,n ~- 444 


Land Sac 1030 

Lojmo Z85 

L«Wi Gad Gip S-U 

Lk>r*TS8Gg 9HK 

UaaVmtty 238 

Moris Spacer 6X7 

MEPC 538 

MwcsiyAtuM 1407 

HtUtonedGrid 2J9 

NaHPom S68 

MoflVefJ 940 

Med 730 

Norwich Urion 164 

Otnga 2J3 

P&O 7 JO 


BSfr* ifi 

RrfltmdcGfl HUP 

RonkGnwp 245 

ReddHCnta 9.99 

Rartond 147 

ReadtaS LSD 

Ro**9toaoi 268 

fiaotenHrigi 732 

RBWn 343 

RleTJfltoiBB 9M 

RMCGraup 937 

%%%&* ss 


S<tetWT 437 

Schraders _ . 2030 
Seal Newcastta 7.10 

Sad Pom 5JJ1 

Seaifcor 2J0 

Seram Two# 9^2 

ShrtTlWBpR .471 

Bffir 'S 

Srnfltatod 9^ 

SmenBnc 438 

Stogeanch 7.m 

fassr 5 § 

Tesco 469 

TtvewtWakr 9 JO 

31 G raw 5.16 

Tl Group 6J0 

Torattas 341 

Unflew 4» 

LKd Aisiruncr 4JS 

UtdHw ow 


Irt n d nnp Uofc 444 

““ 3JS? 


vntanHdgs 3JB 


Zeroes 2010 















269 245,50 








91 SO 



















37150 365X0 36030 371.90 























SGiS Thomson 

508 *56X0 



































































Soez Lyon Enos 





























179 JO 


177X0 18QJ0 










Total B 





11X3 1132 1131 RreS 
402 406 402 HAS 
1445 1470 1448 Roto Ba«S 
1X43 H5B 1156 5 PootoTortoo 
8.83 8.87 BJ1 TdeoamUoia 

624 636 625 T1U 

33S X42 344 

■IS- 176- 175 ■ ■ 

43 439 Montreal 

5200 5130 5175 5095 
15690 15465 IS40 15450 
25400 25000 25200 24950 
14O00 13820 139S0 14000 
11520 11200 11240 11505 
7130 4990 7010 7035 

119 11*30 12030 
37* 365JB 383 

7 09 7.13 mul1 

7J1 744 

VU9 1*45 Bee Mr 
9J4 9J6 CdoTIr 

637 *43 CTFW 

102 2J8 GczMi 

10^ 1035 OMIta 
245 2J1 hnasco 

508 5J9 tnasto 

7JT 7J1 Lofatow 
235 233 rtdBt 

627 6X6 Powwl 

5X3 538 Power. 

*23* UB Rogen 

fSS 15 

736 730 



741 742 

axa 832 , w . 

163 165 

7J9 7J4 a 

512 531 Vk 

6J1 699 1C 

9.93 1002 

3X9 137 

9J2 9J3 

340 338 

646 6X0 

264 266 

735 735 ■ 

X39 3J8 

981 9-80 

937 960 

2X2 2X6 

605 6*6 

624 605 

332 XM 
458 460 

20.18 2620 
7.10 7J33 

491 491 

288 282 
940 9X9 

466 420 

12X0 1XB2 
LB* 136 
415 414 

9X1 947 

428 475 

7X3 637 

735 796 

672 470 

440 468 

9J33 BJ3 
510 5X9 

671 6J0 

2X9 3X7 

480 439 

480 47B 

8 7J2 

746 746 

435 433 

3JS 347 
738 733 

X88 335 

S3 531 
277 2X0 

2056 2076 

Beta Wee 5*492 
PmfMK 58XM 

IrdtiaririC 369442 
Piemufc 36*547 

Bet Mob Can 
ton USA 

Gcc Metro 







Power Bai 
Rogers Coon B 

4SM 4516 
291* 28* 

3985 3135 
4560 45.10 
18X0 18X5 
32* 32V» 

4*45 4530 
44 4385 
yix mk 
TO* 1*40 

U 4360 
42 V* 42 

S1J0 31.10 
8.95 8* 

71 TOM 

45* 45.10 
29B 28V. 

3935 39.90 
4660 45V* 

1830 7XJ0 
3260 3280 
4620 4170 
4385 4180 
20X5 2045 
1940 1965 
4W 43V5 
42.20 42 

31.10 31.15 
8M 835 
7W KM 

Sao Paulo 

BindasoPfd 1 

BmtooPfd K 
CteaPM ( 


Copd 1 

EWmhnis 46 
rtouboiKsPU 71 
LigtdSamete 4( 
LtgWpar 4t 
FftaSwPH 35 
PacffeftiUn IS 
Sd Nndonal 
Souza Ovz 
TdebraiPfd 1 
Teteralfl 1 

Teferi 1 


1L90 12X0 
780X0 785X0 
59-50 6000 
96X0 9*50 
1690 1690 
637X0 638X0 

7X5X0 705X0 
485.10 488.00 
4D2X0 402X0 
317X0 312X0 
189 JO 1*080 
40JD 4140 
10X5 10X5 
15540 15570 
18600 186X0 
17490 17650 
4MX0 411X0 
42JQ 4620 
1140 1140 
2660 2661 




ASas Copco A 








ILrAnnl 1 11 

Sconki B 

SE BankenA 
SkancOa Fora 



SpcrbarJteo A 

704 10650 
Z38 244 

127 129 

245 250 

319 32650 
663 670 

361 367J0 
711 314J0 
7X2 702 

306 3B9 

278.50 282-50 
251 257 

253 25650 

249 2S5JQ 
225 JO 226 
182-SO 18150 

90J0 9CL50 
352 3*6 

3U6J0 307-50 
230 231.50 
171 177 JO 

250 256 
225J0 22650 

OBXndflC 74178 
ft ei lm. 73611 

141 1 a 140 140 

OffirBe tortw 579X5 
Piramc 48674 

73000 47200 47200 73000 


Amcor LIB 8X1 8X9 880 

ANZBJ2ng 10.92 1065 1092 1073 

BHP 1540 15X5 15.19 1546 

Bod 621 412 416 422 

Bnmbteslod. 2645 25.90 26X2 2641 

CfiA 1678 1665 1477 1680 

OCAraaO 13 '12 13 11-95 

Coles Myer 699 681 68B 6BS 

Ovnoto 4J9 647 648 659 

CSR 5X5 410 5X2 5X6 

FcrieraBraw 281 176 231 179 

Goodman Hd 2X4 215 2X2 219 

•a Autfrala 12-52 12X3 1ZJ2 12J0 

Lend Lease 2954 28X0 29X9 J9J5 

M1M HdB . 1-56 1J3 US 1J5 . 

Hat Amt Bon* '2040 19J3 20X3 20.10 

Mat Mutual Hdg 248 236 246 2^ 

Mews top 631 673 630 630 

The Trib Index Ptemriwop.LteMw.. 

Jen. 1, 1993=100. Laval Change % Chang* ynartodte 


World Index 177.85 -0-24 -0.13 -419-25 

Regional hidcxu 

As&Poafk: 117.45 +2.74 +2.39 ' -4-84 

Europe 196.98 +0-20 +0.13 + 22-20 

N. America 207.47 -3.40 -1.61 +28.14 

& America 17826 -129 -0.72 +55.78 

IndustrM Indexes 

Capital goods 222.36 -1.61 -0.72 +30.10 

Consumer goods 198.65 -1.01 -0.51 +23.06 

Energy 208.49 -1.09 -0.52 +22.13 

Finance 130.78 +1.12 +028 +12-30 

Miscellaneous 168.53 +1.01 +024 +1523 

RawMaterials 182.45 +0.14 +0.08 +423 

Service 170.73 -0.73 -0.43 +2423 

Umes 17121 -026 -021 +1924 

77VXrtmwbna7«watf 74m Worid Srock Max C trades tte U.& (talar retain ef 

Zaoevsmaiionaiylnvastabtasso&s iron 2S countries. For mom intormalKn, a tree 
booktat ta MdoM» by martg to Tie Tib toaut.181 Arena Cterira da Gauria, 

92531 NauBy Cedar, Fane*. Coupled by Ooanbeig Name. 







196 £8 

































□ate Sac 





Royalty, writers and luminaries of every hue and 
description have graced the historic Hotel Le Royal, 
Phnom Penh, for much of the early part of this 
century. Names like Somerset Maugham and 
Jacqueline Kennedy who will forever be immortalised 
in our suites. Now lovingly restored. Hotel Le 
Royal, once again, reclaims its rightful pride 

of place 
world’s great 
old, offering 
the weary 
haven for the 



istmi j»k» oau ini. ajm+evrve cvd iw. 

amongst the 
hotels. As of 
respite for 
traveller, a 

gp - *g gg *2 $3 

220 SI 6 220 21* 
fSooh 76J» « 7660 7450 


mss is 



BASF 61.70 

8ai wHipa_B8. 

sSnaort «30 

IS? ,4» 

OA&toKM l» 
t a nmo w nf *5* 
DankeBcM 13480 

H b um ib I* 


IX 1“ % 
74* m 30 

Ottt Vi 

OtotrtwrBoaX >1 JJ 

n««*» W 
FrtMnte 134^ 

asjr w’8 

HtW 4W 

Mwrtal 7*70 

i n— wo 

MAM ® 

iiinrmm 8U 


V*St 8> 

UdmARmcMI » 

temt sol 

7*3 55 

ini Mis 1436 

■SS ’3S .J 
■g-S 'S3 ’SS 

saw 81 57X0 

« JB 137 2 ! 


i« ^ AS 

«^ ,0 S W 4g 

i % 1 

^ n 

re ow » 

SS 33 

™ a»(s 

Kuala Lumpur 


HUtoditt 1440 

SS» « 

SSL 3 


fcg IS -IS 

1S» » IMS 

6 6 6X5 

9X0 9 JO Mg 

BJff * 9 

aw i4J us 

111 330 m 

4J5 6J0 W0 

3440 25J8 24J0 
6X5 6X0 6X5 

MO 10 ll 5 

BSD SJ5 8X0 
(0X0 «L« Ifg 
6X0 432 440 










Ga> Noted 

Mm d ata 



Union Fwosa 




An pt 






FT-SE IlfcgPJ* 

Pra m — canx B 
,71 4AC 9X4 9X7 

528 5X0 521 532 

Jn U0 BB 

jj) 6X7 6X1 6X8 

1JS 1J6 I-* 

S3 SB 5J Jg 

,6J6 16X4 ll| 1^ 
S 1X5 -BX7 8X8 


4 195 196 1» 

"£ "*9 W 
Sfl S3 M IS 

1 v « 

% a s a 

9J7 9X0 9X7 9.19 

Metro Sank 










26000 26000 
1845 18tf> 

5880 5860 
8450 8500 
4345 4325 

M10 1415 
8030 *140 
2830 2850 
8390 8590 

4+C 442S 

4510 4460 

mo rm 

7U0 7680 
2800 2865 
1195 1175 
7170 7160 

1770 1770 

2S40 2515 
6660 6700 
1345 13*5 
H7T0C 9880 
434) <200 

1365 1360 

200 2870 


14 1175 14 13X5 

1650 15-93 14 1650 

107 101 101 Idf 

3X0 1X0 3X5 3X5 

7650 74 TiS 7350 

285 27250 27750 285 

445 4XS 4XS 445 
140 Ml 144 142 

*40 925 935 925 

SDLSO 4950 50 » 

6X0 420 6X0 6X0 

-|*U MO: 537BXB 
Pmtora 53*5.18 

7X80 7H» 73X0 7270 
2410 &50 23X0 ZISD 
40.15 39.00 39 J* 39X0 
16X4 1448 I&4 16X4 
39XD 3190 37X0 39X5 
6X38 6X8B 63J0 64W 
345 ZXB 140 3X0 

3SLSD 34AS 25X0 3*45 
40 ARI 40X0 0X0 
15X00 15QJ0. 151.10 151X0 
2050 3000 20X0 19X8 

and a destination for romantics in Quest of history and 
charm. Hotel Le Royal, a hotel of timeless civilised 
style where history has a knack for repeating itself. 

For ittmnuora fa (855) 23-722-571 n (65) 33*170 »<n>4 ntfTfcjh*r£ife0b<gp(ni«cmij,oi 
itoVMwraflfeanVny A Mw*w d DaSral Lima* How* o( ihe WorU 













B fC 

C ocMPte 









Eridonio BS 

Milan "■ 1 9SESiS 

^UMron Asdc 16700 16400 16M0 16605 





Penrod Itori 

219 218 

»J0 2750 

3350 32.90 

12650 13650 
4350 44 

446 435 

417 409 

2S2 251 

176 177 

655 650 

435 469 

151.50 150 

133 1 30 

390 370 

56 55 

CAC4B: 299X17 
PiralraB 299 X 16 

1106 lias 1155 
Son. Sras. 239X0 
?il 962 *61 

802 810 810 
399 JO 40550 40190 
783 796 m 

416X0 425 422X0 

30750 311 311 

1067 1080 1069 
3S15 3538 3530 
339.10 356 340 

367 374X0 371 JO 
443 659 679 

736 742 741 

59* 603 59* 

1311 1311 1325 
909 926 9» 

748 75* 750 

m m pm 
0 a» no 
605 6.10 6X0 
706 710 7I> 

402 407 JQ 405 
725 725 740 

40330 407 JO 
1182 1W2 

2251 2379 3406 

1169 1173 1184 

344.1Q 353 856 

462J0 470 45170 

28530 290 295 

769 772 786 

Daewao Heavy 

Korea EKfaW 
rang Iron Si 
Saoewng DfcJoy 



5900 5620 
16700 15800 
6SOO 6400 
17800 17300 
4450 41 SI 
28400 «» 
50000 43000 
earn 30000 

60000 55700 
6990 6750 
423000 407000 

5620 6100 
16600 14000 
64» 6000 

17700 18000 
4300 4460 
26600 28900 
49000 50600 
39100 40300 
56200 66500 
6300 7000 
407500 443000 

Pacific Duntop 
Pioneer Wl 
Pub Broadens* 
Si George Bank 


AM toe Brew 



• ^Cnnta* 
_ FamW 


Fraser A Nea*e 


Partway Hdgs 
Sing Air in 



Whig T«d Hdgs 


3X0 5X0 

430 4J6 

9 6,70 

8X0 7X5 
0J4 0J3 
16 15X0 
144 170 

120 7J5 

124 3L06 

l a. In 


120 4X0 
134 120 

10 9X0 

6XO 6XS 
530 5.K 

5X0 540 

11X0 11.10 
6l55 6.15 
22X0 2X10 
2X1 2X8 

ua 2J7 
2X7 279 

S 0J7 
104 339 

520 5X0 

4X2 480 

690 9.10 
UO 670 
0J4 0.94 
15X0 15J0 
126 140 
7.95 620 

114 116 

7 JO 7X5 
194 4M 
595 6 

110 113 
460 515 

112 136 
10 9X5 
6X5 430 

5J5 5X5 

5X0 5X0 

11X0 11X0 
6.15 6X0 

22J0 22.90 
2X9 2J1 

2X5 2X8 

2L8) 7X3 

0.98 1 

11 JO 10X0 
3 3X& 


AGAB 119 JO 118 119JSJ 119 


1 ■ F 1 1 fc« .iter 



China Sled 
Formosa PlasSc 
Hue Non Bk 
SUn Kang Ufc 
Totem Sew 

UM Micro Bee 



Aten Bant 




Dote Bank 

3X4 3J7 3X4 3X0 

440 434 4J7 4A 

8X0 615 1 8X0 8J9 

19X9 19J4 19X4 19J0 
632 113 BJ6 8X6 

5-90 5X* 5J1 5J1 

BX9 662 8X6 8X6 

1150 12,10 1X50 1117 
4S7 4X7. 457 4J6 

Stud UroWredec 7997X1 

Piratee 82(2X0 

122 120 17Q50 JXL5P 

91 89 89 91 JO 

69 46 6B 49 

92J0 00 89 JO 93 

24 212fl 2L» 23 

91 89 B9J0 91X0 

52J0 51 51 51 

93 91 92 94 

SI 5050 50JC 5150 
56J0 55 55 5550 

77 JO 75 75 76 

149 JO 142 145 1S2 

3050 30 3030 3610 

79 JO 7550 75J0 51 

SI 52J0 52JP SS 

Ebol 2170 

Fonuc 5030 

Full Bank 1280 

Fufi Photo 5250 

Fofitel 1540 

Hod#JNBk 1180 

HttacM 1090 

Hondo Motor *590 

IB-1 1350 

Ml 262 

ItadM 425 

Bo-YntodD 6690 

JAL 406 

Japan Tobacco 1010b 

JustD 2770 

<i#na • 555 

totffliaBC 2070 

KM 1740 

KiwraakiHvr 353 

KowoSM 210 

Khtn Brewery 1020 

KobuSte 137 

Komatsu W5 


Kyushu Else )?» 

LTCB 500 

Marobwl 358 

Itoni! 2200 

Matsu Comm *370 

Motea Bee lad 2290 

Matsu Elec Wit 1220 

MflsubfcW 1150 

MRsubfaMCh 269 

MtsuribtUB 468 

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’1. A ill r*.. t ,'Sa 

*China Says 
It Will Buy 
30 Boeings 

Other U.S. Deals 
Likely Next Week 

Bhwnfcrg AVkj 

i China wiH b °y ai 

kasl Si: 7 billion worth of planes 
from Boeing Co. when a trade del- 
egation visits the United Stales next 
week, the deputy manager of China 
Avzanon Supplies Corp., the agency 
tha A2? lp0 !i ls P^es. said Thuredav. 

Omer .American companies that 
could kmd big orders from China 

j? ,ectric Co. and 
^Fwter Wheeler Corp., which are 
vying to supply equipment for a 
power plant. 

TlJe announcement of the Boeing 

deal came two weeks before Pre£ 
ldent Jiang Zemin makes a state visit 
to Washington, and suggested that 
Baying was dying to mure criticism 
of us mounting trade surplus with 
the United States. 

The deputy manager of China 
Aviation Supplies, Xu Decaying, 
said the order would be for 30 
planes, mainly single-aisle 737s. 
They sell for between $40 million 
and $50 million each. He said more 
orders might be in the works. 
k\ The sale, the subject of speculation 
W for weeks, would help blunt Airbus 
Industrie's inroads in the world's 
fastest-growing aviation market 

Boeing, the world’s biggest com- 
mercial plane maker, has 70 percent 
to 80 percent of the Chinese market 
Airbus, the European consortium, 
won a $1.5 billion order. in May. 

Chen Jiande. a Boeing spokesman 
in Beijing, said, “All 1 can say is that 
nothing has been signed yeL” 

Boeing’s dominance notwith- 
standing. China's trade surplus dur- 
ing the first seven months of 1997 
topped $25.9 billion, a third larger 
than in the like period last year. Only 
Japan has a larger trade imbalance 
with the United States. 

General Electric Co. and Foster 
Aj Wheeler Corp., meanwhile, are vy- 
* ing to supply turbines and boiler 
equipment respectively, for the 
third phase of the Dezhou power 
plant which is owned by Shangdong 
Huaneng Power Development Co. 

Senior officials in Beijing of the 
Anglo-French GEC-AIs thorn con- 
sortium and Deutsche Babcock AG 
of Germany said they had been el- 
bowed out of the running for the 
$300 million-plus project 


Korean Grads Give Job Market a ‘D’ 

Bloomberg Nnvs 

SEOUL — Song Shi Hyuk will 
i uush college this year and is get- 
ting a lough lesson in Economics 
101, Korean-style: He is one erf 
hundreds of applicants for a job in 

Mr. Song, 23, knows be will be 
lucky to get through the door at the 
Shinsegae Department Store Co. 

. * At first I thought they were 
joking,' ’ said Mr. Song, who is still 
waiting to hear if he will get an 

Corporate Korea cannot afford 
jokes these days. A slack economy, 
spreading bankruptcies and what 
some analysts say is a hanking 
crisis are causing South Korean 
companies to tighten their belts. 

In a country where many people 
expect to land and keep a job for 
life, jobs are suddenly scarce. 
Rising unemployment has 
blanketed South Korea with job 
anxiety unseen in almost a gen- 

Prospective new graduates like 
Mr. Song face the toughest job 
market in 17 years, economists say. 
Worse, these young people must 
compete with thousands put out of 
work by a string of bankruptcies 
among the country’s big industrial 
groups, or chaebol. 

With the economy growing at its 
slowest pace in four years, Korean 
companies are taking steps that 
would have been unheard-of a de- 
cade ago. Among them are hiring 

pan-time workers, forcing people 
to retire early and dismissing work- 
ers outright. 

Instead of written tests — the 
standard way to select new gradu- 
ates — companies are spending 
more time in interviews to recruit 

Right now, it is a buyer's mar- 

South Korea’s unemployment 
rate may rise to about 3.2 percent 
Ihis year, topping the government's 
forecast of 2.8 percent, economists 

That may seen low for some 
Western countries, where unem- 
ployment can top 10 percent, hut 
for many Koreans the notion that 
they may have trouble finding and 
keyring a job is a shock. 

At tire heart of the problem is tbe 
slowest economic growth in four 
years. A spate of bankruptcies 
saddled banks with billions of dol- 
lars in bad debts, making them 
even mare reluctant to lend to- 
companies in trouble. 

Just this week, Hanbo Group 
dismissed some 2,000 workers, 
two-fifths of its force. The steel- 
maker collapsed this year under 
$6.4 billion of debt. 

At Kia Group, another troubled 
chaebol, thousands more have quit 
in search of a secure future else- 
where. About 12 percent of Kia’s 
60,000 workers quit since July, a 
spokesman said. 

For many of these people, job 
security may be elnsive. 

fluctuated between 1.8 percent and 
3.4 percent. Yet the combined total 
of new job openings for college 
graduates is about 80,000 — while 
324,000 graduates will pour out of 
universities this year, up 20 percent 
from last year. 

Tbe number of job-seekers 
jumps to 600,000. considering 
those trying for a second post. 

The 30 largest industrial groups, 
meantime, will offer 13,680 to 
13,780 jobs, down as much as 13.2 
percent from a year earlier. 

And the chaebol' say they will 

“We’ve never had so many 
phone calk and visits,” said Yeom 
Sang Hun, a human resources of- 
ficial at Shinsegae. “We never had 
to reprint applications forms so 
many times. ” 

New graduates are having the 
toughest time. 

According to a report by the 
employment agency Recruit, three 
out of four university graduates 
will not find a job by the end of the 
year. Last year, two out of three 
graduates could not find work that 

Last week, 50,000 job-seekers 
turned up at a two-day job fair in 

Kim Hyun Sang, a job counselor 
at Chungnam National University, 
summed up the job market this 
way: "We re in an ice age.” 

lo the past six years, South the 
Korean unemployment rate has 

keep cutting back. 
Eighteen out of I 

Eighteen out of the top 30 chae- 
bol, including seven in the top 10, 
said they would reduce new hires 
this year. Tbe top 30 chaebol ac- 
count for more than half the coun- 
try's economy. 

Dismissals will not help. Five of 
Korea’s top 30 chaebol, including 
Hanbo Group and Sammi Group, 
either went bankrupt this year or 
are on the brink. 

For Seoul's leaders, all this is a 
political hot potato, especially with 
elections due in December. 

Korea’s young people, mean- 
time, must try to get along in the 
new downsized economy. 

Lee Jung Hwa, a senior at Duk- 
s ung Women's University who is 
majoring in math, said she hoped to 
land a job at Daewoo Motors Ser- 
vice Co. 

“It’s a mission impossible,” 
Miss Lee said. 

Tung Pitches Privatization to Japanese Porsche Cuts Out 

Hong Kong Leader Asks for Help in China ’$ Sale of State Companies Jop Oft Importer 

CnmpBrd by OurSsoffFmwi Dbpadta 

TOKYO — The Hong Kong leader, Tung Chee-hwa, 
asked Japan on Thursday to join forces with Hong 
Kong to speed up China's ambitious plan to privatize 
350,000 state-run businesses. 

Mr. Tung said that reforming government-owned 
enterprises “obvionsly is a tremendous undertaking by 
the People's Republic of China, and there will re- 
quirements from the point of view of fresh capital and 

“Hong Kong certainly looks forward to participat- 
ing and I imagine that the Japanese companies will be 
very interested in this,” Mr. Tung said here after 
meetings with Japanese business and political leaders. 

Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto agreed that Ja- 
pan should play a major role in' China’s economic 
reforms, but he also said China should speed efforts to 
join the World Trade Organization, which would help 
its drive toward market reforms. 

China has been trying for more than a decade to gain 
access to reduced tariffs under roles governing the 

WTO and its predecessor, the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade. The United States and the European 
Union say China should be denied entry until it opens 
its markets more. 

Japan’s position has been ambiguous. At times it has 
insisted that China agree to open its markets wider to 
foreign competition as a condition for admission. At 
other times, it has ‘implied that it is prepared to accept 
the concessions Beijing has already offered to gain 
entry. (Reuters. AFP. Bloomberg) 

■ Chirm Telecom Sale Closes 

Hong Kong’s biggest share flotation, a spin-off of 
Beijing’s state-owned China Telecom (Hong Kong) 
Ltd., closed Thursday, Agence France- Presse reported 
from Hong Kong. 

The sale could raise up to 32 billion Hong Kong 
dollars ($4. 14 billion), with the listing to start Wednes- 
day. But it comes as Hong Kong-listed shares of 
Chinese companies, known as red chips, have been 


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Bloomberg News 

TOKYO — Porsche AG said 
Thursday that it would take control 
of die shipping of its cars into Japan, 
severing a 45-year agreement with 
its Japanese importer, Mizwa Mo- 
tors Corp., and that it aimed to 
double its Japanese sales. 

Mizwa, which Porsche hopes will 
continue to distribute its cars in Ja- 
pan, said it would sue the German 
luxury sports car maker for breaking 
the “spirit* of their contract, though 
not its actual terms. 

Porsche said it would take over 
delivery of its cars in Japan starting 
Jan. 1 and would expand its show- 
room network in its third-Iargest 
market after Germany and the 
United States. The company is hop- 
ing Japanese sales will exceed 4,000 
units a year within four years. 

WefSdgtori -■«»? 

Sourt a- Telekurs hacitwamal HenU Tramc 

Very brief ya 

• Taiwan increased the amount of stocks foreigners can own 
to" 30 percent from 25 percent and cut banks’ reserve re- 
quirement ratios up to 1 .5 percentage points in a bid to shore 
up the island’s slumping stock market. 

• Southeast Asian economic officials said their countries 
would emerge from the currency turmoil more powerful than 
before and with stronger economic foundations. Trade min- 
isters from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations said 
they were confident of their prospects because they still 
enjoyed strong economic fundamentals, abundant investment- 
opportunities and sound economic policies. 

• Hitachi Ltd. raised its consumer electronics prices by 5 
percent to 15 percent in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand to 
counter losses arising from the countries' weakened cur- 
rencies. Prices for Matsushita Electric Industrial Co-’s 
consumer goods will increase in Indonesia, Thailand and tbe 

•Defense Asia '97, a military trade showdrawing regional top 
brass, opened in Bangkok amid hopes of expansion of defense 
spending in Asia despite an economic slowdown. 

• Aristocrat Leisure said its chairman and chief executive, 
John DougalL would leave the troubled Australian maker of 
gaming machin es Oct 3 1 due to Colorado Gaming Commission 
allegations, which he denied. Tbe allegations include unsuitable 
pomes having an influence on die company, Aristocat has said, 
and irregularities relating to South American sales. 

• VSL1 Technology and BI Walden International of the 
United States have joined Khazanah Nasional Bhd. and Bank 
Industri Bhd. of Malaysia in a joint venture to build a $121 
billion silicon-wafer fabrication plant in northern Malaysia. 

• Temasek Holdings Pte.,a Singapore government investment 
arm. and China Everbright Holdings Co., an investment arm 
of the Chinese government, have started a (Urea investment 
fund to put money into major industrial enterprises in China. 

• 7-Eleven Japan Co.’s current, or pretax, profit rose 7 
percent, to 59.15 billion yen ($486.8 million), for the six 
months ended August, as it shrugged off a sales slump that has 
battered Other retailers’ profits. AP. AFP. Bloomberg Reuters 

(•(•Geneva’s Private Bankers 
did not just improve the 
profession. They created it. / *) 


( 1844) 

W e, the Private Bankers of Geneva, are proud to have cre- 
ated, two centuries ago, a vocation that continues to bring 
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Genevas Private Bankers 




In Geneva; 


( 1798 ) 






International Herald Tribune 

A Special Report 


Voyage Round the Female Body for Fashion’s New Blood 

By Suzy Menkes 

P ARIS — Two stories are dom- 
inating the new fashion season: 
a fresh take on the female body 
and the regeneration game. 

Guy Laroche had a hit Thursday with 
the whimsical, feminine collection of 
Alber Elbaz. In his second season, the 
designer blew out toe dust of the couture 
) house with a show that was spiring 

And now another French couture 
house, Jeanne Lanvin, will announce 
Friday its new designer, poached from 
Prada. Spanish-born Christina Orri? 3 1 1 
trained at the Paris fashion school, and 
• Miuccia Prada’ s right hand for the last 
two years, will show her first collection 
next season. 

So much expectation is res ting on the 
new generation, and it is agood moment 
for fashion when hopes are fulfilled. It 
happened at Laroche. Every thing about 
. the show was right, from the moment 
that sweetly s miling models, faces 
gleaming with good health, circulated 
the cylinder! ike, backcloth of white- as- 
a-bandage fabric. 

Elbaz said that his inspiration was 
Saint Moritz spa in spring, and his show 
captured precisely a chilly prettiness and 
a sanitarium cleanliness in the crisp cot- 
ton shirts and the gentian-embroidered 
camisoles that went with youthful tail- 
oring. That meant regular jackets with 
perky pleated skirts or cropped pants 
that are this season’s story. 

Those mountain flowers also grew 
from the hems of dainty mile dresses 
that were stars of the show. The way that 
Elbaz used vertical decoration like 
flower stems or a line of sparkles to give ‘ 
an axe to the body was well done. 

But then Elbaz was trained by a mas- 
ter. Fragile, higb-waist dresses showed 
the seven years the designer spent with 
Geoffrey Beene. But mostly it was his 
own light-hearted take on the woman's 
body — never overtly- revealed, but al- 
ways suggested under the spun-sugar 
layers, worn over delicate slips. A palette 
of spring green, lilac and edelweiss blue 
was well chosen and cotton evening 
dresses struck a high note at night. 

From Issey Miyake’s mummified 
swathes of gauze through Ann De- 
meulemecster’s block letters on the calf 
announcing, Magritte-style, 4 ‘left leg” 

From left. Demeulcester's swathed dress and 'right arm message; flower-embroidery and tailoring from Guy Laroche , Miyake's fabric invention. 

— there is one uniting theme of the 
disparate spring shows: a voyage round 
the body. Getting close to the female 
form with drapes, slithers of jersey, slits, 
wraps or cut-away backs is the essence 
of modernity. Stiff clothes with their 
own sculpted forms are out 
The key to all this is the dress. When 
Issey Miyake, a designer known for 
inventive sportswear, changes tack and 
envelops women gracefully in gossamer 
shrouds and filmy layers, it marks fash- 
ion's change of pace. 

Miyake is the originator of the current 
fashion aesthetic that innovation can be 
in fabric rather than changing forms. 
This season materials were sometimes 
futuristic, resembling bubble-pack- 
aging, cellophane candy wraps or the 
cratered surface of the moon — but used 
simply as slender, swathed dresses spun 
round the body in a silken cocoon. 

Or, conversely the fabrics were plain 
Indian cottons, bat padded at the round- 
ed points of the female anatomy or the 
bump of shoulder bone or rib cage. The 

former was easier to take. Who needs 
buttock-enhancing or tricksy effects of 
arms apparently growing out of the 
thighs like some sci-fi skin graft? 

Bat the show was clear in its message 
and poetic in its vision, especially its 
pale stucco tints like dawn-pink or 
apricot, with other bright .hues. It 
maiked a forward step for Miyake. 

Ann Demeulemeester’s show also 
had some weird contrivances: shirts that 
unfurled from the side of another gar- 
ment, doubling over at the froot and 

baring the back in a fashion conjuring 
trick. It was part of the designer’s con- 
tinuing dialogue with modem desha- 
bille — a slouchy elegance that comes 
from the off-key neckline (a jagged cut- 
out on a sweater), the deliberately- 
snagged mesh sweater or the low-slung 
pants. Sometimes the sweet disorder 
turned into disarray, as the soft jersey 
skirts slipped down mid-runway. 

But the body language was well ex- 
pressed in Demeu lemeester ’ s fluid mix 
of sloppy tailoring and soft dresses. She 

cuts inimitable pants, low-slung, twin- 
zippers showing whena jacket or shirt 
was splitar the back. And justin case we 
hadn’t got . tire message that her soft 
clothes were creating liquid geometry 
. across the body, the designer spelled it 
out, with “right aim” or “left leg 
written on nude gauze or skin. 

The off-key- look was also theme or 
GiUes Roster's collection of easy knit- 
wear pieces slopped off the shoulder or 
dresses literally cut with a twist. Here, 
too. the effects were often contrived, but 
Rosier is an inventive cutter, and when 
the pieces worked they slithered neatly 
in their asymmetry. His use of latex and 
diagonal zippers also had a spunky 

From the moment that Claude 
Montana’s first model came out in a 
perspex baseball rap, you knew that the 
designer was still into grand gestures in 
luxury sportswear. Ana if you judged 
the collection as that — without ques- 
tioning who still Hkes the look — the 
show was elegantly done. 

Montana had attenuated the silhou- 
. ette and by adding slender dresses to his 
repertoire, caught up with modem fash- 
ion. Sort of. His favored fabrics are still 
leather and crepe, and however sleekly 
cut, seem to sculpt the body rather than 
lap it The best of the show were fluid 
tunics and pants that Sylviane Jospin, 
wife of France’s prime minister, ticked 
on her program. 

With Montana’s habitual attention to 
detail, a silver snake tourniquet or leather 
wrist band matched silvered dresses and 
a magenta hand-piece went with a cut- 
with-a -scalpel people dress. You could 
describe it as the diametric opposite of 
modem fashion’s body-caressing ease. 

A bundh of trade models suddenly 
appeared at the end of Sonia Rykiel's 
runway. Shock! Consternation! Cam- 
era! But relax — it was just Rykiel's 
sancy way of showing that she is up to 
speed with the current focus on the 
body, the dress and her favorite knit- 
wear. The models were wearing nude- 
colored sweater dresses, while others 
wore hug-me-tigju jersey jeans, cropped 
St la mode. Oversize rapper pants from 
Rykiel? An old trick, but they sei off a 
treat her taut and tiny signature sweaters 
that are again so hot. 

[ 5 VZY MENKES is fashion editor of the 
International Herald Tribune. 

High Heels and American Blues 

By Robin Givhan 

— The shoes 
looked positive- 
ly threatening on 
tire Gucci runway. The toe- 
box came to a sharp, unfor- 
giving point If it weren’t for 
the pounding soundtrack that 
accompanied the models and 
those shoes down the cat- 
walk, one suspected it would 
be possible lo hear bones be- 
ing crushed inside those evil 

But that was merely the be- 

The heels on those shoes 
were like shiny, angry, silver 
needles. If they went on for 4 
inches, they might as well have 
gone on for a mile. They were 
spikes, instruments of torture 
and impossible to walk in. 

Indeed, professional mod- 
els teetered as they carefully 
picked their way down the 
runway. They tried to swing Gucci j 
their hips. They tried to ex- 
hibit a bit of sensual nonchalance. But 
they could not. All they could do was 
focus on trying to keep (heir balance. 

Ah, but those shoes were so sexy. 
They didn’t speak of practicality, of 
office work or of dashing for the sub- 
way. They were completely ridiculous, 
fabulously inappropriate and that was 
the beauty of them . . . and also the 

The shoes might go over well in the 
old country, butrn die United States? 

American women have an ambival- 
ent relationship with high heels. 

‘ People say to me Patti 
i You don't sing the blues. 

■ ( tell them they're wrong 

Cause I sing the blues each time 
I wear these shoes. * 

I love to wear some high heel 

Gucci spikes: A love-hate affair for American 

just bind our feet!” There even seems to 
be trepidation in distant admiration. It is 
as if the mere hint of approval will result 
in a woman being lashed into a pair of 
death-defying Manolo Blahniks. 

In Europe, it is possible to spot wom- 
en dashing across cobblestone roads in 
the spindliest of heels. In Washington, 
women tie chi the Niices and Reeboks for 
all of their dashing needs. But lest one 
assume that high heels are merely un- 
comfortable shoes, understand that to 
American women they are much more. 

‘‘High heels connote victim,” says 
Valerie Steele, author of “Fetish” and 
professor at New York’s Fashion In- 
stitute of Technology. 

“It's not just a question of comfort or 
practicality, I thick all of what Amer- 
icans perceive as issues of comfort is 
inextricably mixed up with issues of 
sexuality . . . and the idea that things like 
high heels and short skirts are turning 
women into sex objects and making you 
vulnerable,” Steele says. “Most Amer- 
icans see it as a choice between being 
taken seriously or being sexual.” 

Without doubt, a pair of extremely 
high heels conjure up a sort of overt, - 
aggressive sexuality that is sneered at in 
die United States. Stilettos turn the 
American imagination, accompanied by 
on almost adolescent giggle, toward the 
domineering women of Helmut Newton 
photographs, the dominatrix, the pros- 
titute, the “loose” woman. Could this 

Any podiatrist will explain the high heels conjure up a sort of c 
dangers Swearing high heels. They aggressive sexuaUty^at is sneered 
the toes, the legs and can put the United States, Stilettos turn 
strainon the back. They throw the pos- American imagination, accompany 
ture out of alignment They make the an almost adolescent giggle, towar 
derriere protrude. They prevent most domineering women of Helmut Ne 
women fioffl walking briskly and con- photographs, the dominatrix the j 
fidenilv instead forcing them to shorten titute, the loose woman. Conic 

their stride and concentrate on remain- — — 

im» nnricht on treacherous pavements. / walked into the store. 
course. are all reasonable nv ■ 

, ex?— Sr^yawom^ woddn't The man came up to me 
/ i vrearhigh heels on a regular basis. They J told him to bring me all 
SAaS&tf The high heel shoes my eyes 

be a reflection of a nation that 
still approaches issues of 
sexuality with one eye closed 
out of embarrassment? 

“It’s an incredibly coded 
debate about sexuality,” 
Steele says. “It used to be 
about should women be al- 
lowed to be sexual Now it’s 
should women permit them- 
selves to look sexual.” 

The rising tide of conser- 
vativeness in the United 
States also raises a debate 
about how obviously sexu- 
ally powerful a woman 
should be. Some see high 
bee Is as a symbol of how 
women are manipulated and 
controlled: others read the 
high heel as a virtual symbol 
of female sexual potency. 

Despite the angry letters to 
fashion magazines and the 
harrumphs of disgusted 
callers, though, high heels 
never disappear. Whether the 
height of fashion as they are 
now, or a stubborn trend, they 
women . can always be found on 
American streets. Bat not 
without apology or disclaimer. Many 
short women explain that they wear 
heels to give themselves a little boost in 
height. Other women do it because they 
are from the old school of femininity, 
heels simply are what one wears with a 
dress. Elizabeth Dole, for instance, is a 
diehard wearer of heels. 

And then there is that vast middle 
group of women. They are conflicted. 
They will admire the shoes' from afar, 
until they can resist the temptation no 
longer. They buy them, wear them, and 
then complain about them.. 

'He brought me out those shoes 
And I pul them on my feet. 

And the minute 1 stood up 
l knew that this was no place 
for my poor . ; poor feet to be. ' 

From “ High Heel Blues’* 
by Tuck# Paul 

“I just bought my first pair of Manolo 
Blahniks,” says Ann Cochran, of Mary- 
land. “Ah, they were beautifiiL When I 
saw them, I went ‘Wow!’ ” 

The objects of Cochran’s desire, pur- 
chased for a bargain oa a trip to Chica- 
go, were 3-inch high, spindle-heeled 
slingbacks. “To wear a stiletto, well 
everyone wants to look sexy. And 
there’s nothing like a sexy high heel to 
transform your leg. You look different 
You feel different.” 

“I wore them to dinner," Cochran 
says. “I was tortured.” 

ROBIN GlfflAN writes about fashion 
for The Washington Post. 

deM c 



In Italy, a New Generation of Women Shows 

As designers and business managers. Italian women are creating a new. more feminine mood in fashion. From left, Donatella Versace, Miuccia Prada, Alberta Ferretti. Mariuccia Mandelli and Angela Missoni raking a bow. 

By Lucie Muir 

M ILAN — According to 
Donatella Versace. “Be- 
hind every great woman 
there's another great wom- 
an.'' She might be right, in Italy at least, 
where a band of sassy signoras have 
taken the leading positions in design, 
retail and marketing. It's been a long 
struggle over 10 years but today it fi- 
nally seems the girls are gening what 
they want, what they really, really want. 
Girl power. 

Thanks to Miuccia Prada. Miss Ver- 
sace. Mariuccia Mandelli of Krizia, 
Laura BiaggottL Alberta Ferretti, Dona- 
tella Girombelli of Genny to name a 
few, Italian womenswear is in pole po- 
sition. According to results published 
by Moda Industria. Italy's knitwear and 
clothing manufacturers association, 
total sales of womenswear in 1996 
amounted to 20.2 trillion lira (SI 1.7 
billion) up 4 percent on 1995. 

As to the rise of women designers. 
Franca Sozzani. editor in chief for Itali- 
an Vogue, says. “Women in the design 
field have developed great business 
minds. They have become a lot more 
oriented in finding solutions to the prob- 

lems.” In Donatella Versace's case, 
quick solutions have been found after 
the murder of her brother Gianni in July. 
She has proved herself to be more than 
capable in her new position as creative 
director for the company. All eyes were 
on her during the Versus and Versace 
runway shows earlier this month in Mi- 
lan. where just a day before schedule she 
admitted to being “terrified.'' and to be 
missing her brother more than ever. 
■“Gianni always listened to what I had to 
say when designing a collection. He saw 
me as a voice for all women. We worked 
as a team and inspired each other.'* 

As part of the company's new di- 
rection. four graduates from London's 
Central St. Martins College of Art & 
Design have been picked to work along- 
side Donatella Versace on the Versus 
and Versace lines. “Gianni loved to 
hear what those around him thought as 
he believed strongly in an exchange of 
creative ideas. Now 1*11 have to leam to 
confront my work through my designers 
and exchange my own ideas within a 
new team.” she says. 

Her forthcoming designs will portray 
a new woman. 

“I’ll be following the new feminine 
way in which women are dressing.” she 
says. “Women don’t want to look like 

dolls anymore, they want to look sen- 
sual without looking brash. They want 
less color, even better cuts for more 
comfort and, in the case of the career 
woman, clothes which can work 
through from day to evening.” 

“I’m inspired by everyday women. 
Women with families, women out at 
work in the city. My brother always said 
that one day women will rule die world. 
He may have been right!” she laughs. 

After 40 years in the business, Kr- 
izia’s Mariuccia Mandelli also has a 
new dynamic woman in mind. She was 
one of the first women designers, amid 
Giorgio Armani and Gianfranco Ferre, 
to launch Italian ready-to-wear at the 
beginning of the 1970s. “Women have 
come a long way since then,” says 

“Today I design for active women 
who like myself are always on the go, 
who travel, who hurry in and out of 

E lanes and cars. They have an intense 
festyle, and they like to look good in 
practical clothes which are comfortable 
andpleasant to wear but also fun.” 

The 1980s also saw the rise of women 
designers as businesswomen. Donatella 
Girombelli, president of the Genny 
group which owns Genny, Complice 
and Byblos labels, gained a reputation 

for being a fierce businesswoman who’s 
known to make sharp decisions. She 
recently signed die American Richard 
Tyler to design Byblos. 

“It’s clear to see how women have 
changed over the years through oar dif- 
ferent designers,” says Girombelli. “I 
remember, when Claude Montana de- 
signed for Complice in the ’80s. the 
large shoulders and androgynous 
shapes which reflected an aggressive 
woman of the time. Then in 1987, Com- 
plice went to Dolce & Gabbana who 
showed that women could be sexy and 

Girombelli notes how Genny ’s cur- 
rent (designer Rebecca Moses keeps 
things simple. ' 4 Ofall the movements so 
far I like mis minimalist look the best 
Rebecca is very now in her interpre- 
tation of today’s woman. Through 
simple cuts and subtle colors, she shows 
a new intelligent person who has aiot to 
say from wi thin . 1 

Some attribute the rise of women in 
fashion to this new sense and sensibility 
such as Danielia Pnppa, an es tablishe d 
industrial designer and architect who 
also designs accessories for Gianfranco 
Ferre. “Nowadays a collection de- 
signed by a woman has such deep fem- 
ininity within it’s almost as if it contains 

a female DNA winch instantly makes a 
woman want to buy it,” says Puprpa. 

And r etailer s agree. Pupa Solan, who 
was die first to stock Antonio Fusco in. 
hex’ high -end Milan boutique, adds, * ‘It 
seems that women have learned to ac- 
cept their flaws and are buying softer 
clothes which compliment their spirit 
and personality. ” ■•••.' 

A LBERTA FenettiV delicate 
dresses sum up die new mood. 
“I have always believed in 
having the capacity to balance 
fashion with what women desire, so I 
always let my feminine instinct guide 
me,” she says. 

Putting the feminine touch to clothes 
runs in the family at Missoni, where 
Angela Missoni, daughter of the design 
duo Ottavio and Rosita, has taken over as 
design director of the fabled knitwear 
house. “Working with my mother gave 
me insight into the construction of cloth- 
ing and how vital it is for a w oman to feel 
and look special,” says Missoni, who has 
given the label a fresher edge. 

It’s a family affair at Armani, where 
Giorgio’s women include sis ter Rosanna 
and nieces Sylvana and Roberta. As 
brad designer for Emporio Ar mani and 
Armani jeans, Sylvana notes. “Men and 

women are now considered even in the 
creative field. The barriers and pressures 
we once faced have now come down. ’ ' 

' While Rosanna, who is responsible 
for the Armani image, adds, ‘ “As wom- 
en in fashion we do everything we can to 
give others a sense of modernity and at . 
die sarae time protect them from the 
aggressive rim e in which we live. ’ * 

. Things are looking good for women 
in fashion promotion. As one of die ' 
roughest PRs around. German-bom 
Karla Otto took charge of Prada’s global 
image in 1992. She opened her Milan 
office in 1978. Today she is responsible 
for Prada in Fiance and Jil Sander and 
Alberta' Ferretti in Italy. “When I first A,. 
started, most designers had internal Tt- 
public ‘relations offices which were 
mostly run by men. Now die majority of 
free agents in Italy are women.” 

Oil: fashion she says. “Today Italian 
design is run by a new generation of 
women led by Miuccia Prada, who 
design for those who appreciate fashion 
but also, want traditional elements at the 
base of a garment Prada instinctively 
knows that women want beautiful fab- 
rics, great cuts and all things feminine.” ■ - 

LUQJEMUIR is a fashion writer based 
in Milan . . 

Competition is fierce among the fragrance makers . Among their products, clockwise from top left, a Corner 
purse spray, a Givenchy selection, Paloma Picasso's Reine de Noel and Jean-raul Gaultier’s Lace Corset. 


Synthetic Ingredients Increasingly Part of the Mix l ■ 



By Michele Loyer 

P ARIS — The most neglected 
sense, the sense of smell, is also 
the most intriguing. Smells can 
trigger very remote, sometimes 
forgotten, memories buried in the un- 
conscious. Each person's sense of smell 
and taste in perfume is unique. Creating 
a “universal” perfume which resonates 
in the “collective unconscious” re- 
mains a marketing dream. 

“A woman who does not wear per- 
fume has no future! ” said Coco Chanel 
who, in 1921, created her first perfume 
— No. 5 — a sophisticated '“juice” 
signed by Ernest Beaux. Besides tra- 
ditional ingredients such as Grasse jas- 
min, May rose, and ylang-ylang, the 
perfumer used, for the first time in the 
history of perfumes, a synthetic mol- 
ecule called aldehyde. It's that molecule 
which gives No. 5 its unique person- 
ality. By relying on chemistry instead of 
nature, Ernest Beaux started a revo- 
lution. Increasingly, synthetic mole- 
cules are replacing natural ingredients. 

“It's a question of price and ecology, 
but, above all, synthetic molecules give 
perfumers endless creative possibilit- 
ies,” says Pierre Bourdon, perfumer 
and owner of Fragrance Resources, a 
perfume company. Seventy-five years 
later, thanks to its creator’s avant-garde 
imagination, and Marilyn Monroe's fa- 
mous repartee, Chanel No. 5 continues 
to be the world's best-selling fragrance. 
Every 30 seconds there is a bottle of No. 

5 sold somewhere in the world. 

Although it seems absurd to talk in 
terms of trends about something as per- ' 
manent as one’s sense of smell, a per- 
fume’s turnover is incredibly rapid. Per- 
fumes. like fashion, become obsolete or 
too popular. “Today, too much success 
can kill a perfume almost as surely as no 
success at all," says Bourdon. Few of 
the hundreds of perfumes launched 
every year can count on more than a 
two-year lifespan. 

W OMEN are lost in the maze 
of new perfumes which in- 
vade cosmetic counters. 
“All perfumes smell alike ! 
You can’t tell one from another” is the 
most common remark heard by per- 
fumes sales clerks these days. Some of 
the blame can be put on the fierce com- 
petition between cosmetic groups to 
find the miracle “global" formula. 

Bourdon says, “Hie stakes have be- 
come so high — a perfume launch costs 
around $30 million to $50 million — 
that no one wants to take a chance and be 
different It's easier robe a follower than* . 
a precursor.” The catch-22 is that, pne- 


Yvresse by Yves Saint Laurent. 

cisely because of die saturation of the 
market originality has become the key 
factor in the success of a perfume. Yet 
many cosmetic companies continue to 
ape the latest successful fragrance, hop- 
ing to reap some of its mark er shares. 

Second only to Chanel No. 5 in sales 
figures on the French market Angel — 
designer Thierry Mugler’s unusual anri 
extremely successful concoction — has 
generated a flock of s imilar fragrances. 

L aunched in 1992, Angel’s 

composition is based on 
vanilla, chocolate and caramel, 
with a touch of a “dewberry” 
synthetic molecule. Hie novelty of its 
fragrance struck the market as. no less 
than revolutionary. Its strong and sweet 
undertone started a new trend defined as 

Festive packaging by Arpege . 

^gourmand” or “figurative” by the 
trade. Far from a traditional image of 
luxury and sophistication, the gour- 
mand perfumes evoke a famili ar world 
of simple pleasures and casual sensu- 

S ABINE Chabert, editor in chief 
of the trade magazine Cosmetic 
, News, says, “For teenagers, the 
smells of chocolate, coffee or 
apple pie have the same emotional con- 
notation as the smell of rose or jasmin 
have for their mothers. They re min d 
them of their childhood. It’s a kind of 
security blanket” 

Hie same emotional response can be 
triggered by fruit smells such as black- ji \ j 
beny, apple orfig and a few ingredients & | I / v i - } 
like patchouli, a favorite of the '70s V * t } 

“flower children.'' The composition of 
tfre gourmand perfumes tends to be 
simple. Preference is given to stroog 
olfactory effects with long-lasting . 

The ecological movement has been 
credited for the arrival five years ago of 
a new trend in perfumes: often unis ex. I 
light and fresh ‘green” waters, whose 
most successful example is F-gf ee Laud- 
er’s Alliage and Ean o’Issey created by 
the Japanese fashion des ign er Issey 
Miyake. Colorless, their fragrance 
evokes fresh spring water and sea mist. 1 
On. its way out in Europe, the green 
bend is still strong in a modified, more 
floral and feminine version in the 
United States. Pleasures by Estee Laud- 
er and CKl by Calvin Klein, both ex- 
tremely successful at the international 
level, belong to the green family. 

After country and kitcheo smells, Jb : 
what will die next perfume industry's f ! ■ Perhaps a return to a 
more classic femininity. Hie gou rman d 
stwy is already being tampered with to ! 
become a light and sophisticated “Neo- 
OnentaL," a trend originated a few years 
ago by Dior’s Dolce Vita or Givenchy’s 
urganz a. The fashion designer Lolita 
Lcmpicka's recent perfume epitomizes 
this hew spirit. Half floral, with violeL 
anti- iris essences, and half gourmand, 
with vanilla, licorice and amar ena 
cnenyy its fragrance evokes a youthful 
femininity. It brilliantly answers the 
tnaAeong briefs recommendations for 
a feiry talc for grown-up women.” 

^Unperturbed, Shalimar, the ancestor 
of thegouimand perfumes launched by - 
Guerlam in 1925 — a heady fragrance 
or vamfla, tonka bean, iris, opoponax 
arul benzoin — continues to be a best- 
seller with teenagers as well as with j 
then mothers and grandmothers. . * 

MlfHETE LOYER is a freelance jour- 
nalist based in Paris. 


PAGE 23 ' 

/£■ blouse, left, or even a total look, center, are among the wide range ofwomt^swear. and accessories offered by Mango at Us Paris boutiques. At right, a Zara boutique shopfront in Paris, where first Zara store opened in 1 989. - 


Ready-to-Wear Labels From Spain Quietly Infiltrate Paris 

By Pat McColl • . • . 

P ARIS — “Without trumpets or 
drum rolls' ’ — as the French say 
— Spanish ready-to-wear has 
quietly and quickly become a 
fashion force here with, in the vanguard, 
the Zara boutiques. 

The first Zara opened in Paris in 1989 
on the Avenue de F Opera. Today, there 
i>a Zara on theRue de Rivoli. the Rue de 
assy, in the Passage da Havre and one 
under construction on the Rue de Rennes, 
kitty-comer from Giorgio Armani's En> 
porio Armani, also under construction. 
An in-store Zara at Au Prin temps is one 
of that store's best-selling lines. 

“Even though they are all around 
us,” said Catherine Royer, fashipn di- 
rector of Au Printemps. “we’ve never 
been bothered and while our customers 
are more or less the same, there is no 

competition.’ ’ She-a [tributes Zara's suc- 
j^ess tofts twice weekly deliveries which 
' allow it to keep on top of fashion as well 
as its quality and competitive pricing. 

As Maria Jesus Garcia, a spokes- 
person for the Inditex group which owns 
Zara explains from company headquar- 
ters in La Coruna, Spain: “We don’t do 
advertising or marketing. We don’t do 
runway shows. We have a team of 40 
designers who travel constantly to keep 
on top of trends, new fabrics.” 

About 65,000 meters (200,000 feet) 
of fabric are cut daily in Zara's Spanish 
' factories. 

Zara boutiques carry no backup 
stocks; instead they' rely on twice 
weekly deliveries that allow slow mov- 
ing items to be quickly replaced with 
faster moving ones. 

“We can change literally to give cus- 
tomers what they are asking for,” said 
Garcia. "One week, it’s beige wool suits 

tjut, if all of a sudden, customers ask for 
orange with Rowers, we can do that, 

•' From its beginnings as a factory 
workshop in a northwestern comer of 
Spain in 1963 to the first Zara boutique 
12 years later, the group now known as 
Inditex Holding Company/Zara b as be- 
come the largest ready-to-wear man- 
ufacturer in Spain, employing more 
than 5,000 workers and with consol- 
idated 1996 sales of $1.19 billion. 

] “In the beginning, we just did one- 
size-Fits-all," said Garcia. “Now, 
^e’ve augmented our size range from 
^8 to 44. Our boutiques have changed, 
t6o, from a rather casual approach to the 
oirrent upmarket loot” 

1 Upmarket, too, is the “face” of Zara, 
the model Amber Vaietta. more often 
associated with Prada or Giorgio Ar- 
lnani advertising campaigns. Poster- 
size images of Valetta are used in store 

displays by Zara. Mango, with more 
than 278 shops worldwide, from Peru to 
Dubai, is a more recent addition to the 
Spanish boutique scene in Paris, open- 
. ing its 1 ,500-square-meter (16,000- 
square-foot) flagship on the Boulevard 
des Capucines in February of this year, 
its 26th boutique in France. 

Like Zara, Mango has an in-store 
boutique at Au Printemps which the 
department store opened before 
Mango’s own Boulevard des Capucines 

Unlike Zara which also bas collec- 
tions for menswear and children. 
Mango is uniquely womenswear and 
accessories, from sunglasses to shoes to 
handbags. A total look can be had for 
under $300. Stocks are changed every 
six weeks. 

To appeal to the trendy customer it 
wants. Mango advertises in magazines 
like Vingt Ans and Elle and fills its 

catalogues with supermodels photo- 
graphed by such top fashion photo- 
graphers as Mario Testino or Marc His- 

Founded in 1984 in Barcelona, 
Mango now ranks fourth in the Spanish 
textile hierarchy. 

Long before Zara and Mango came to 
Paris, there was Adolfo Dominguez 
who, in 1968 at the age of 18. created La 
Societe Adolfo Dominguez with his fa- 
ther and brother. Dominguez opened his 
first Paris boutique just off die Place des 
Victoires 12 years ago on the Rue Cat- 


After a long hiatus, a three-level 
boutique for menswear and wo- 
menswear, designed by Richard Bofils, 
opened on the Place de la Madeleine in 
the summer of 1996. This summer a 
third boutique opened with a fourth un- 
der construction. In Spain, there are now 
80 Adolfo Dominguez boutiques and 

since March of this year, he has been 
listed on the Spanish stock market. 

Dominguez describes his style as 
“seasonless and in afunctional tradition 
as originated by Chanel and followed by 
Balenciaga.” (Balenciaga, the Paris 
couturier who died in 1992 , was also 
Spanish.) Dominguez gave up on run- 
way shows years ago but is planning to 
present his new collection in his Place 
de la Madeleine boutique on Sunday. 
Also in foe works are fragrances and a 
line of cosmetics. 

Another hot Spanish label that has yet 
to find its own boutique is Cimarron, 
with sbops-wi thin -shops on the junior 
Boots at Au Printemps and Galeries 
Lafayette. This season, Galeries Lafay- 
ette tripled its Cimarron space. 

PAT MCCOLL is it Paris-based jour- 
nalist who specializes in shopping and 
fashion topics. 

New York Buyers Go Upmarket 

By Jennifer Steinhauer 

N EW YORK — Fashion never 
really dies in New York retail 
stores, though it has been 
known to go on an extended 
holiday. When high-end goods were 
taking a sales breather in recent seasons, 
bridge lines were more than happy to fill 
in. Suddenly, it seemed that every de- 
signer had a lower priced line, and de : 
partmenf stores reported their bridge 
lines were flying out of foe stores. 

Now, it seems, the tables have 

Price fashion is once again offering 
something new. and even foe die-hard 
Gap girls are crawling out of foeircasual 
cocoons to buy a little something in 
tashmere, a single high-slit skirt, or one 
4, ir of knee-high boots. 

“ True fashion victims are in their ele- 
ment women making $24*000 are put- 
ting together three paychecks for a pair 
of foot-fracturing Manola Blaniks. and 
if a designer only makes four of one 
dress, vou can be sure one of them will 
be sold in New York City. Further, the 
key high-end suit designers, serving up 
uniforms to women who work, are also 

enjoying strong autumns. 

Conversely, many bridge collections 
have been struggling, perhaps because 
women with money to bum are finding 
more basics .among foe high-end col- 
lections, and those who do not have 
grown weary of foe cheap fobnes and 
short-term life spans that many bridge 
collections 1 offer, ‘ ' . 

“Sometimes foe relationship be- 
tween quality and price are not what 
jfoey should* be vmh bridge," said; 

1 iseph Boitano, foe executive vice pres- 
Meatof ready-to-wear, at Bergdorf 

more retailers are fomingto 

their own private label lines to generate 

sales. Because these lines eliminate the 
middle man, they tend to be more prof- 
itable. Often too. retail executives say, 
they are able to develop and market their 
in-house labels as true brands, with a 
collection feel and a target customer 
who is reached through extensive mar- 
keting campaigns once reserved only 
' for foe Ralph’s and Calvin’s. 

Some of the private labels sold in finer 
stores are made in foe same factories as 
Prada or other high-end labels, so foe 
quality of foe goods lends to be higher 
than that of a designer’s second line. 

For' example, at Barneys New York, 
private label now makes up more than 
30 percent of women's apparel sales. 
Bergdorf Goodman started its own 
women’s collection this year, and Fed- 
erated Department Stores has put a lot of 
resources into its private label lines, 
which represent 1 8 percent of women’s 
sales now, up from about 5 percent five 
years ago. 

Saks Fifth Avenue dumped much of 
its career clothes a few years ago, opting 
to beef up its own lines instead. 

So while high-end lines drive traffic 
in foe stores, much of it lands at die 
cosmetics’ counter and never makes it 
into foe designer salons. A booming 
stock market has kept the designer busi- 
ness popping this full, but retailers are 
smart enough to realize that should the 
market bottom out, so too shall their 
sales of high-end apparel. 

Private and.small labels can pick up 
foe difference, '- 

Also, many women feel confident 
enough about their personal style to 
cherry-pick their way through private 
label and designer 'merchandise, and 
New York retailers say that high-end 
suits aredrawing customers, as ore a few 
key designers. 

. At Barneys New York, for example, 
which hod suffered several quartets of 
sluggish sales, fall has ushered in a 

me business, said Bonnie Pressman, (he 
company's fashion director. "So far, 
‘this season has been amazing,” said 
■ Pressman. “Everything from the 
highest-priced designer goods to basic 
shirts have been having impressive sell- 

, While the suit business is clearly 
strong, the 1980s shoulder padding is 
clearly not attracting as many shoppers 
bs foe looser fits and more conventional 
ruts. “Shapes foal don't hug foe body 
are doing very well,” said Kal Rut- 
tenstein, the fashion director at Bloom- 
ingdale’s. “The whole power suit was a 
pretty silly thing I think." 
i Several New York retailers cited Jil 
Sander, Giorgio Armani and Ralph 
Lauren’s Purple Label as leading the 
sales in high-end suits. Cashmere, knits 
apd other comfort fabrics are also 
selling smartly. 

A N interesting trend is the 
emergence of a strong follow- 
ing of Dolce & Gabbana in the 
specialty stores that cany the 
line. "This has been explosive," said 
Pressman. “They definitely have a cli- 
entele committed to them now. Al- 
lhough they still do a lot of feminine 
pieces, they have some of foe best jack- 
ets on foe market.” 

' While fashion magazines are press- 
ihg the notions that sleepwear is great 
Ipr the office if worn beneath a jacket 
and that frothy, over-foe-top dressing is 
foe height of modernity, these trends 
fave yet to be borne out on foe retail 
jelling floor. • 

f “We are doing very well with dressed 

up, elegant, clothes,” said Boitano of 
^ergdorf Goodman. “And when trends 
»re done beautifully, they sell well.” 

tail for The New York Times. 

New Protocole gold on gold. 

Sculpted and priUodii ki 18 carat yellow 
or white g <M, the Promote oh gold 
bracelet disdagnitbu itself by a choice 
of five different (bait It is available 
wfth ■ mechanical or electronic movement. 



PIAGET Boutiques : Geneva - Paris - Monaco - Barcelona - London. - New York 
Hong Kong - Singapore - Kuala Lumpur and at the best jewellers throughout the world. 



.-*■ . 

RAGE 24 



Two displays from a Paris exhibition to celebrate 100 years of creations from Shiseido. Japans biggest cosmetics maker; at right, foreign cosmetics, such cts Guerlain and Chanel, on sale in Tokyo m here prices i emain high. 

Why Making Up Is Hard to 


By Velisarios Kattoulas 

T OK YU — Tell almost any Jap- 
anese woman about an immin- 
ent trip overseas, and one of her 
first responses — alter a sigh 
tinged w ith envy — is likely to be a coy 
request: “Could you perhaps bring me 
back some perfume, cleansers, eyeliners 
and lipsticks?" 

No. Japan is not North Korea, Bhutan 
or any other hermetic kingdom where 
cosmetics are virtually unheard of. To 
buy anything from die latest vitamin- 
enriched face creams to classic lip- 
sticks. eye shadows and perfumes from 
the world's top cosmetics makers, 
women need only visit the cosmetics 
halls at department stores across Ja- 

Yet nearly five years after Japan's 
towering cosmetics prices were sup- 
posed to sum sliding into line with the 
rest of the world, prices here remain 
stubbornly high — by some estimates 

expensive foreign lines sell for as much 
as double what they cost in Europe, the 
United States and other pans of Asia. 
Worse, after falling in 1993. prices of 
both foreign and Japanese cosmetics 
have started to creep back up again. 

“The drop in cosmetics prices [in 
1993] was trumpeted as a symbol of 
deregulation in Japan," said Keiko Sa- 
saki. who follows Japan’s 1.4 trillion 

Prices of cosmetics 
stay stubbornly high. 

yen ($113 billion) cosmetics market for 
ING Barings Securities in Tokyo. "But 
prices haven't fallen as expected be- 
cause Japanese cosmetics companies 
still retain tremendous influence on re- 
tail prices." • 

For Japanese women. 1993 looked 
like a landmark year. Hie planned ab- 
olition of tariffs aimed at imported cos- 

metics coincided with a court ruling 
clamping down on price-rigging by Jap- 
anese cosmetics makers . Together, the 
two events seemed to herald the end of 
sky-high prices for everything from the 
latest face cream from Japan's biggest 
cosmetics maker. Shiseido. to perfumes 
and lipsticks from Chanel and Revlon. 1 

But the Japanese government, under 
pressure from the nation's biggest cos- 
metics makers, backtracked on plans to 
lift a ban on a slew of chemical com- 
pounds commonly used in cheaper for- 
eign cosmetics. That effectively de- 
railed plans to impart cheaper foreign 
cosmetics to Japan, and, by stifling fresh 
competition, helped Japanese cosmetics 
makers keep prices high. 

At the same time, Japan’s lingering 
economic woes prompted discount 
stores selling cosmetics cheaply to raise 

For years, Japan’s top cosmetics 
makers maintained high profits by set- 
ting suggested retail prices, and tacitly 
threatening to cut supplies to stores that 

undercut those prices. As Japanese au-j 
thorities looked the other way, Shiseido; 
Kancbo and Kosethe, which dominate 
the Japan's cosmetics market eamep 
hefty profits at the expense of Japanese 
women. ~!j 

That only started to change in did 
early 1990s, when discount retailers 
opened in Japan for the first time. Th 
carve themselves a slice of what is the 
world's second biggest cosmetics maiA 
ket some discount stores undercut cos! 
me tic companies' suggested retail 
prices by as much as 40 percent. .1 

M oreover, when cosmeU 
ics makers halted deliveruU 
to them in protest, die dtij 
count stores took their wir 
for market share to the courts. And after 
one messy battle that included abegij 
tions of bribery by a top executive jit 
Shiseido. the courts upheld the discount 
stores' rights to set cosmetics prices 
freely. 'j 

To Japanese women tired of bein^ 

squeezed by behemoth cosmetics 
companies and department store chains, 
the end of high prices appeared nigh. 
But the intransigent weakness of Ja- 
pan's economy since that court victory 
in 1993 hurt sales at discount retailers, 
and they cut discounts on cosmetics 
almost as quickly os they had introduced 
diem to protect their own floundering 
profits. “These days the biggest dis 

Women buy overseas 
to get better bargains. 

count, from, the suggested retail price of . 
cosmetics . is around 20 percent, and 
that's only on cheaper items,"Sasakiof 
ING Barings said. . 

Last month.- Maki . Uematsu, who 
manages a bar and restaurant in central 
Tokyo, visited Hong Kong. In less than 
a week, she had spent die equivalent of 
1 00,000 yen on cosmetics, and returned 

home with a suitcase-full of perfumes, 
creams, lotions and cleansers. She gave 
away a third as gifts, and kept the rest, 
which she said should last her for two to 
three months. “I use a lot of body care 
products," she said and laughed. 

S HE said that at the very most 
cosmetics in Hong Kong cost 
three-quarters what they cost in 
Japan, , and that items on sale 
cost less than half what they cost here. 

. “Buying cosmetics in Japan is .ri- 
diculously expensive," said Uematsu, 
27, who often asks friends working fey 
airlines to bring cosmetics back for 
from overseas. 

• “For a while, it was fairly chtiap 
buying . cosmetics at discount stores 
here, but they’re expensive again, and 
it's become cheaper shopping overseas 
again.’* • ■ ' 

respondent in Tokyo for the Interna- 
tional Herald Tribune. " 


‘Red Scnib’ Enjoys a Revival 

T OKYO — Beauty treatment . 

fads come and go in Japan like ‘ ■ j^^k f i||l| 

the seasons: with heady fanfare Mil II 1 1 

when thev arrive and barely a t ' • HI! |||| 

T OKYO — Beauty treatment 
fads come and go in Japan like 
the seasons: with heady fanfare 
when they arrive and barely ^ 
whisper when the next one overtake^ 
them. This decade alone, Indian and 
Thai massage, and a plethora of otheii 
treatments have come and been and 
slipped away. j 

Yet in the midst of rhe perennial 
change, a beauty treatment first popular, 
here in feudal times has weathered the. 
shifting winds of popularity. Moreover* 
in ihepasl three years, akusuri — a fulU 
body massage- cum-body-rub which lit-, 
erally means "red scrub’’ — has un-J 
dergone a small revival. 

“Akasuri is supposed to make your;, 
body red," said Hiroshi Kiyotake. an’j 
akasuri expert at Gaien. a beauty treat- 1 : 
ment salon in central Tokyo. “You ] 
clean and warm up your body by bathing' 
and taking a sauna and then have any! 
remaining dirt, bacteria and dead skin, 
removed with an abrasive cloth. Ir 
makes you feel unbelievably clean." 

Long-time practitioners like Kiyotake^ 
are slightly puzzled by akasuri 's roj 
no wed 'popularity. Bur they say that its 
different components tic in strongly with 
Japan’s centuries-old love of decadensi 
bathing and painstaking cleanliness. : ."j 
At the same time, akasuri. which tij 
supposed to combat low blood pressure 
and bad circulation, has undergone a 
revival among men and women hit by. 
Japun’s weak economy, practitionerj 
say. At 5300 yen ($45) for a 30-minuhy 
rubdown and unlimited use of the sauna 
and baths, akasuri is markedly cheaper 
than Western beauty treatments fir 
women and massages for men. |[ 
The first record of akasuri in Japai 
dates to the 19th century, when woo# 
block artists depicted it in contemporary 
bathhouse scenes. Typically, one styl- 
ized male figure sat on a low woodil 
stool in a spacious bathhouse while an- 
other wearing a loincloth stood overhim 
and scrubbed his back. \ ; 

Nonetheless. like many other ele| 
merits of Japan's cultural heritage, akaip 
uri is thought to have originated on thiij 
Korean peninsular. Partly as a result, and 
partly because of a recent string of In- 
dian, Chinese and other ethnic fads hen 
these days, akasuri in Japan is almos 
always billed as Korean-style akasuri - 
although the two are identical. 

The Gaien beauty treatment saloi 
where Kiyotake works is an ugly five 
story building overlooking one of the. 
expressways that twist through central 
Tokyo. Once in die' basement bartii 
sauna or adjacent massage room* 
however, the roar of expressway traffic 
is supplanted by the sounds of running! 
water and masseurs scrubbing weaty 
salarymen and tired office ladies. if 
For people reluctant to leave behind 
the bliss of the bathhouse, a- Koreaa 
restaurant on Gaien 's upper floors offen 
a last, fleeting respite from the mack! 
dening crowds of urban Japan. • | 

Velisarios Kattoula^ 

'*» "I Vm-n 


PAGE 26 

Sergi Braguera hitting to Jeff 
Tarango at the Czech Open. 


World Roundup 

Williams Drops 
Villeneuve Appeal 

. fohmula one The Williams 
warn on Thursday dropped its appeal 
against the one-race ban for its driver 
Jacques Villeneuve, giving Michael 
Schumacher a one-point lead going 
into the season's final race. 

The action came one day after 
Max Mosley, the president of the 
International Automobile Federa- 
tion, said the Canadian driver could 
be banned from the season-ending 
European Grand Prix in Jerez, 

. Spain, on Oct. 26 unless Williams 
' withdrew its appeal 
. .Villeneuve raced in the Japanese 
Grand Prix in Suzuka last Sunday 
under an appeal against a one-race 
ban for ignoring a yellow flag dur- 
ing practice for the race. He gained 
two points for finishing fifth, giving 
him a one-point lead over Schu- 
macher, who won the race. Villen- 
euve now loses those two points. 

• Gerhard Berger. 38, said Thurs- 

day that he will retire after the Euro- 
pean Grand Prix. Berger has made 
209 Formula One starts, second only 
to Ricardo Patrese, (AP) 

Armstrong Goes Postal 

cycling A’little over a year after 
he announced that he had testicular 
cancer and -that it had spread to his 
lungs and brain, Lance Armstrong 
said Thursday that he had signed 
with the U.S. Postal Service bicycle 
team to make his conjeback. 

“I’m OJC., I'm recovered and 
I’m healthy," he said in New York. 
“I’m in remission. I'm not in the 
clear yet; that will come five years 
from the date of diagnosis.’ ' 

Armstrong, the top U.S. bicycle 
racer before he fell ill and missed the 
1997 season, signed a one-year con- 
tract He did not yet know his sched- 
ule for next year but said. “I’d like to 
start racing at the stan of the season 
in February." He said he was train- 
ing two to four hours a day. (IHT) 

Raymond Upsets Coetzer 

tennis Lisa Raymond toppled 
Amanda Coetzer, the world No. 5. 
7-6, 6-3, Thursday at the European 
Indoor Championships in Zurich. 

“Today was a great day," said 
Raymond, looking for her first ca- 
reer title. “I was forced to play 
some of my best tennis ever." 

Venus Williams reached the 
quarterfinals without playing when 
Anke Huber dropped out of the tour- 
nament with back spasms. (AP) 

• Thomas Muster, Magnus Nor- 
man and Goran Ivanisevic all 
gained comfortable victories to 
move into the quarterfinals of die 
Czech Open in Ostrava. 

Muster, seeded fourth, beat Paul 
Haarhuis, 6-3 7-6.Norman, seeded 
seventh, beat defending champion 
David Prinosil 6-2 6-4. Sergi 
Brugucra made harder work of 
bearing Jeff Tarango. The Spaniard 
won 7-6, 3-6. 6-4. ( Reuters ) 

A Surprise Ending 
In Basketball B-Movie 

But Fans Would Rather See Bulls 

By Ian Thomsen 

Inicnuttiondl Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — The blood-red seats of the 
Berry arena were splattered with a 
few thousand spectators Thursday, 
the night before Michael Jordan showed 
up. A major difference between Euro- 
pean basketball and the NBA version is 
that the top clubs from Italy and South 
America couldn’t generate anything like 
the full bouse that-will surround Jordan 
and the Chicago Bulls' on Friday when 
they make their debut in the McDonald's 

The opening game was a disaster for 
Benetton Treviso, the I talian champion, 
which was upset, 87-78, by the South 
American champion, Alenas de Cor- 
doba. The Argentine club played the 
more fluid game and will provide an 
interesting foil for the European cham- 
pion, Olympiakos Piraeus of Greece, in 
the semifinal Friday. 

The crowd grew slightly before the 
other first-round game between the 
home team, PSG Racing, the French 
champion, and FC Barcelona, which 
won the Spanish championship last sea- 
son. The winner of that game will meet 
the Bulls in the semifinal of this ex- 
hibition tournament which claims, for 
lack of any better alternative, to be a 
world championship for clubs. 

Barring one of the biggest upsets in 
the history of the game, the Bulls will 
advance to the final Saturday night No 
team of NBA players in seven previous 
McDonald’s Championships or in the 
last three Olympics has lost in 44 in- 
ternational games. The .teams in the 
McDonald's are playing to a combin- 
ation of NBA ana international rules. 

The general tone of questioning by 
reporters Thursday was whether any of 
the five non-NBA teams could possibly 
upset the Bulls. 

“No one expects us to beat Chica- 
go," said Jerrod Mustaf, the former 
NBA forward who plays for the Spanish 
champion, Barcelona. “We just lost to 
Manresa" — a typical Spanish club — 
“a couple of days ago. so we think we 
can beat Chicago?" 

The NBA teams generate greater in- 
terest in these tournaments because their 
league is all about marketing and pro- 
motion, whereas the European clubs are 
run under the umbrella of FIB A. the 

international basketball federation, 
which is just beginning to think in com- 
mercial terms. The other differences, 
which FIB A won't be able to solve with 
a beefier marketing department, are 
America's superior talent and Europe’s 
lack of native enthusiasm for the game. 

Jordan — and the thousands of his 
fellow Americans who play profession- 
ally around the world — grew up play- 
ing on driveways and playgrounds, 
mostly without parental supervision. 
Their ambition for the game is unpar- 
alleled. In Europe most young players 
are members of clubs, and coo much of 
their basketball is played in front of 
coaches with referees restricting the 
contact For American players the game 
is instinctive; for the Europeans it is 
learned, in much the same way that 
American youngsters are taught to play 
soccer rather than learning it themselves 
in alleys or at pick-up games. 

“Some of these coaches, you see 
them carrying books around," said 
Steve Rich, a forward from the Uni- 
versity of Miami who played in France 
and Puerto Rico in the last year before 
helping Cordoba with 13 points and 9 
rebounds Thursday. “They learn of- 
fense from books. I’ve seen the books. 
You see a big basketball on the front and 
the word ’coaching’ or something like it 
in another language.” 

Phil Jackson, the Bulls coach, majored 
in philosophy, psychology and religious 
in college, but he refused to study bas- 
ketball from an intellectual perspective. 

“Then a former coach I had. Red 
Holzman, said, ‘You’d better under- 
stand some of the theory of the game,’ 
because he thought I would make a good 
coach," Jackson said. “So I read John 
Wooden and I read a coach who is an 
assistant on my bench, Tex Winter, who 
has been in the business for 50 years." 

Jackson’s triangle offense is one of 
die most sophisticated systems in the 
NBA, and it isn’t learned easily. De- 
fensively he defnands discipline' of the 
highest order from his players. But in 
other ways he abides by a sense of 
respect for his players' talents, as if each 
man’s unique skills are a matter of per- 
sonal expression. “A lot of die skills are 
taught by the players themselves while 
they’re developing their love for the 
game," Jackson said. “It's really a rel- 
atively simple game — like soccer." 


GOING HOME — Justin Leonard driving at the clubhouse on the Old Course at St. Andrews on Thursday 
in the first round of the Dunhill Cup. Leonard made-nine birdies as the United States began Its defense of the 
Alfred D unhill Cup with a 2-1 victory over Argentina. Leonard beat Jose Coceres, 65-72, and Angel Cabrera 
beat American Brad Faxon, 68-72, before Mark O’Meara beat Eduardo Romero on the first extra hole in 
the final match. France upset fourth seeded Australia, 2-1. Zimbabwe, the No. 2 seed, beat South Korea, 2-1: 

Raul Lifts Madrid to 2d Place in Spain 

Gmqilrd br Our Saqf Frau Dkpaiehts 

A superb lobbed goal by Raul helped 
Real Madrid to a 2-0 victory at Sportmg 
Gijon — lifting the Spanish champions 
to second in the top league behind their 
arch-rivals from Barcelona. 

Rani’s goal, which came after a fine 
move by Clarence Seedorf, was the 

World Soccer Roundup 

highlight of a dull game against the only 
side in the first division still without a 
point after six games. The newly signed 
striker Fernando Morientes had beaded 
home the opening goal. 

Atletico Madrid beat Merida, 4-0, 
Wednesday to move into third place, 
three points behind ReaL 

The second division match between 
Rayo Vallecano of Madrid and Lleida 
was brought to a premature end in the 

86th minute when Rayo was reduced to 
just sixplayers after having four players 
sent off ana, finally, another injured. 

According to FIFA rules, teams can- 
not play with fewer than seven players. 

Rayo lost 3-1. 

iils Chris Henderson soared with 
three minutes left to lift the Colorado 
Rapids to a 2-1 victory over the Dallas 
Bum to reach the Major League Soccer 
championship game. 

The Rapids, who entered the post- 
season with the worst record of any 
playoff team (14-18) in the two-year 
history of the league, will meet the de- 
fending champ ions D.C. United at MLS 
Cup '97 on Oct. 26 in Washington. - 

United clinched a spot in the final 
earlier Wednesday, blanking the 
Columbus Crew in (be Eastern Con- 
ference championship match in Colum- 
bus, Ohio, 1-0. 

GERMANY Marcell Fensch learned 
the hard way to dress properly. Fensch 
was fined by his club Thursday for an 
embarrassing incident two days earlier. 

Fensch, a Cologne substitute, leaped 
to his feet eager to take the field m a 
German first division match against 
Schalke. Then he realized he had left his 
shirt back in the team’s dressing room. 

While anofrer substitute raced off to 
get it, die depleted Cologne side con 
ceded a goal, eventually losing, 2-0. 

brazil A busload of Corinthians fans 
blocked one of the main highways into 
Sao Paulo, then ambushed and stoned 
the bus of then own team as it was 
returning from a game, players said. 

Corinthians midfielder Neto said 
Wednesday that after fencing the team 
bus to step, the fans attacked it with sticks 
and threw stones. The team had lost, L-0, 
to Santos in a game played Tuesday. \ 

For This Top Female Cyclist, Manhattan Is the Place to Be 

By Samuel Abt 

Iruenuitimutl Herald Tribune 

S AN SEBASTIAN, Spain — With 
its roads resurfaced for the world 
championships, its small climbs 
affording a view of the surf in the' Bay of 
Biscay and its general air of soft com- 
fort. San Sebastian is a nice place to ride 
a bicycle, Elizabeth Emery would cer- 
tainly agree. 

But, as the song goes, she'll take 

“It's not for every racer, but I think 
it’s perfect,” she said about New Yoric 
as she stood by the side of the road here 
last weekend, holding out water bottles 
to her American teammates in the wom- 
en's road race. Emery, who finished a 
splendid fifth in the time trial last week 
— the best U.S. performance at the 
championships — was the alternate for 
the six-woman road team. 

“I love New York for training," she 
continued. “The only drawback for me 
is the winter." 

Traffic? Nah. “The roads are wide — 
there’s room for a bicycle and all the cars. 

You have to be careful, you have to be 
attentive, but it’s the same anywhere. " 

Potholes? “The roads are great. We 
ride a lot in New Jersey on 9W, and it has 
a huge shoulder, you just ride out ” 

Bicycle theft? “I've had two three- 
speed bikes stolen,” she admitted. “In 
my apartment building, believe it or not 
In the lobby. But 1 now use two locks, so 
I'm not worried.” 

Emery, 33, is happy to count the ways 
in which she loves living and training in 
Manhattan for races around the world. 
She is the national time-trial champion 
and says of racing, “Thai’s my job. 
Full-time.” Her husband, Evan Wachs, 
is a computer programmer for 
Bloomberg, the financial news service. 

Neither is a native New Yorker: He 
comes from Cleveland and she was 
born in Boston and reared in and around 

“I went to the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and when I got out of school, I 
wanted to live in New York, so I moved 
there,” she said. “I always thought it 
was so exciting, and I still really like 

Emery arrived in 1987 with a degree 
in art history and Italian and found a job 
in, she says, the rag trade: “I worked 
there for five years, designing textiles 
for a company that sola to clothing 
manufacturers. * The job led her into 
bicycle racing in a course as circuitous 
as any at the world championships. 

“I was biking to work,” she said 
“and beginning not to like my job so' 
much and wondering what I could do to 
meet people, and I realized that the part 
of the day I really liked best was riding 
to and from work. 

“So I joined the New York Cycle 
Club and hooked up with an awesome 
group of people. 1 discovered the sport 
through them. Somebody convinced me 
then to join the Century Road Club 
Association in Manhattan too, and I got 
incredible support from them. 

“I started gening better and better, 
and the women I was riding with — 
there were four of us — decided to form 
a team,- and we got sponsorship, and 
there you go.” After riding for the LA. 
Sheriff and Saturn teams, she competes 
now for the Klein team. 


Emery has had a busy year, riding in- 
New Zealand, where she finished fifth, 
with a daily stage victory,' in the Street 
Skills Women's Cycle Classic and then 
for six weeks in Switzerland and in the 
Women’s Tour de France, where she 
finished second in one stage, was the 
highest-placed American in both time 
trials and ultimately finished 39th. 

The problem- was the mountains. “I 
climb well," she said, “but I’m never 
going to climb with the superctimbers. 
The time trial is my strength, but the 
other strength I have is my strength. I 
can do team work.' ’ 

In U.S. competition this year, she was 
third' in the Fitchburg Longsjo Classic, 
where she won a stage, fourth in the 
Tour de Toona and 14th in the Red- 
lands Bicycle Classic. 

All of this is far from her earlier sports 
experience, which consisted in junior 
high school of soccer and riding her 
bicycle seven miles from home to 
school each day. 

Nowadays, a seven-mile ride is vir- 
tually a sprint, even if she is simply on 
her three-speed bicycle on her way 

shopping or going to a gym. 

She calls that "commuting.” Her 
bigger bicycles are for training. 

“I ride in Central Park when I’m. 
doing an easy day, mainly an hour or ah 
hour and a half,” she said. “Central 
Park is great for shorter rides. Mostly t 
go over the George Washington Bridge^, 
end up in Fort Lee and go into the road# \ 
of New Jersey. 

“The. best racing is outside Central 
Park, like Hardman State Forest If you 
want to, in New Yotk you can race 
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Sat- 
urday and Sunday.” 

Winter weather is a problem she 
avoids by going to Carmel, California, 
where her parents live, and training 
there for two or three months. After- 
ward, she said, she’s ready again for the 
excitement and activity of New York. 

“There are races now with 40 people 
on the line,” she said, “and when I 
started, I was lucky to have eight. New 
York is where the racing is supercom-z 
petitive and strong, and I always hav& 
training partners to ride with. Where can 
you beat that?" 

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NBA Preseason 


W L T Pfe GF GA 








Vancouver ' 














Los Angeles 







San Jose 







Ana mint 














Toronto 124. PhBodetoWo 118 
Now Jenny 123, Bogdan 115 
Phoenix ill, Houston 100 
VknaurrerSft Date 79 


NHL Standings 

Atlantic dwwwh 
w l t Pfa 

■61.0 12 
l 5 2 I II 

3 2 0 6 

S 12 4 6 

2 2 1' 5 

• 2 3 1 5 

it 12 2 4 

New Jersey 
N.Y. Rangers 
Florida - 

Tampa Bay 

W L T Pb 







comtAL omstoN 

W L T Pts CF -GA 



















Buffalo 1 I o 0-3 

Carolina 1 0 2 0-3 

Fto Period: C~Prtmeou 3 (Roberts, Burin) 
(sti). 2. B-Pkmte 1 (SrneMIk. 5faMaon) (pp). 
ft B- Plante 2 (Shannon McKee) (pp). 
Second Parted: B-Graek 2 (Ptanfa McKee) 
(pp). Third Period: C-Kopanen 2-(DbTecn, 
Roberts) (pp). 6. C- Sanderson 3 (Emerson, 
Ch lesson) (pp). Overflow: None. Shots on 
goat B- 10*1 0-5-3—28. C- 9-L2-13-3 — 37. 
Goafles: B-Hasete G-Burfte. 

N-Y. Kongers 0 1.M 

Ottawa 13 1-5 

First Period: O-OotKdl 1 (Laukfcancn) 
Second Period: CMtedden 1 [Zhotlc*, 
AHTedsson) X O-YasMn 1 (McEccton. 
LnoWunen) 4. K.Y.- Bag 1 (Gnbflf, 
Graves) & O-Pfflfck 1 (AHredsaoiv Philips) 
Third Period: 0-YasWn 2 (Amdssoa 
Redden) Shots so god: N.Y, M 3-8— 29. 0- 
12-8-5—25. Cooks: N.Y.- MoaottL 0- 

Pittsburgh ‘ V 9 • 8-1 

Montreal 1 I I H 

First Period: M-BortJeteou 1 (Brunet) (sh). 
Z P-Vafc i (Hicks) Second Period: None. 
Tlitnl Period: None. Overflm: None. Shots 
aa god: P-104-2-0— K. M- 8-T0-1 3-4-15. 
GotSom P-Wmgget M-TMKUItt. 

Tempo Bar 0 1 •— 1 

Honda 0 2 8-3 

First Period: None. Stand Period: T- 
Dyfchubi (Ftouhn. Crass) 2, F-NenrirawkY 1 
(Washtwm, Tkfcarien) (pp). 3. F-, Gogner4 
(Nemhuvskv) Third Period: None. Stats on 
go^ T- 50-13.26. F- 8-1M-27- SodlomT- 
Hippa. F-Vdjibtoibfou*. ' 

Toronto 2 1 1-* 

Detnfl 8 2 1-3 

And Period T*HendrfctaonT (Sdmdderi 
Z T-darfc 2 (Sdmddac GustpfSswi) (pp). 
Second Period: &GBcMsl 3 (Wait Rouse) 
4,D-Wnnll (Kozhw, Lapointe) &T-Knn1ev2- 
(Benaln) Third Period: T-McCadw 1 
(Sdmdderi 7, D-Urttrcni 3 (LorimoK 
Murphy) (sh). Shots M gook T- B-15S-® 
D- 155-10-34. Oodles: T-PoMn. D- 
Osgaad. , 

WaMtgfoa 8 8 2-2 

Chicago 8 9 0-8 

First Period Hone. Second Period None. 
TUrd Period W-Stman T (Bondra) Z W- 
Jatnrman 3 (Ptwonka) (on). Sfceti on pod: 
W- 4-8-11—23. C- 12-8-TO — 30. Codies: W- 
KoUg. C-TeneiL 

Cefarado 3 i 2-« 

Edmonton 9 1 1— Z 

First Period C-Oeodmanb 4 (Fmbag, . 
Gusarov) 2, C-Rnbeig 3 (Foote) % C- 
OzoBnshl (Kuril Fwsberg) Second Period 
E-Mironov 1, & C-, Kamensky 2 (QzoGnsta, 
SakkJ (pp). TWrd Period: E-Sitiytti- 2 
(Wright AmotO (pp). 7. C-Safdc4 [Fotsbeg, 
Kamensky) (pp). X C-, Kurd 2 CForeborp, 
Ozsflnsh) (pp). Shots aa goal: C- 10-2-7—19. 
E- 5-1 7-24—50. Goafles: C-Rov. E-Jaaeph. 
Boston 12 1-5 

Los Anodes . o i 2-3 

Hnt Period B-Oamto 3 (Bourque)' 

Second Period LA^Perreaelt 4 (RdrtWBa ; 
ODonrwU) 1 &-KIirt*lfcti 3 f5iumonov) 4, B- 
Anton 2 (Carter, EDett) & B-SuMvan 1 
(Toyhm Axeteon) Hard Period LA- 
OOaurtefll axipnrhHm5my(h)(pp).7,LA- 
Mimny 3 CShrmpeO dB-,Tiiy1or4 (Axdnoa 
SuIRvan) ten). Shots on goat: B- ll-ll -S^-27. 
LA. ie-13-14— 41. GaaBoE B-Oafo*. LA- 
flsd.. . 

PtdledeipMa e g 2 g-2 

Annhehn 6 11 0—2 

First Period None. Second Period A- 

RvcbeM ttanssan&Dnny) Third Period P- 
LBOtalrd (Coffey, Undos) (pp).& P-LMres 
4 (Coffey. PrapoO 4, A-Sandstnxn 2 
(Mbonov, Young) (pp): Overthne: None. 
Shots on god: P- 9-11-9-3—32. A-. 9-14-12- 
6—35. C od ta: P+twdafl. A-SMatankov. 


Espdnyol 1. Compostela 0 
Afleflao Madrid 4, MerldaO • 

S a lamanca ft Ortedo 2 - 
Real Soriedad 2, Celia Vlgel 
Daporttn Coruna 1, VaHodolkl 3 
Sparring G$on ft Real Madrid 1 
Valencia 1, Alhtetfc Bilbao 1 
RaalBefli&ZaragmtiS . 

W A MP Itt a tL ' Barcelona 18 points ReaT 
Madrid 16 AHaUoo Madrid 11. MaHorca 11, 
Celia Vigo Hi. Espanyol 1ft Racing San- 
tander 1ft Real Sodedad id Rent Bells ft 
Oviedo ft Tenerife ft Zaragoza i. Afetoflc 
Valenda * SatofltoKSd VaOodoM3: Meri- 
da 2? Sporting C%jnO. 

FC Katoerslairtom 3. Aimbda BMafdd I 
Bayern Mimtoh ft VIB Stuttgart ft tie 
Bor. Momchcngtadbadi 5, 1 BfiO Munich 1 
STUBHOft FCKataenkwlBm 25 ports 
Bayem Munich 71j Schalke 1ft Nona Ro- 
otodclftMSVOutabuigldi HamburgSVlft 
VfB Stuitflort 15? Bayer Leuetfwsen K 
Wenfcr Bremen 14. VTL Wotfefauig 14; 
Moenehengtarttwch 1 3r Armtnia BMefeU l a 
Kortnutwr SC 11; FC Cologne 1ft Bwussfa 
Dortmund ft I860 Muddift WL Bochom ft 

- nrnwiueoiarv 

Chotoo 1, BkKfctKJRI 1 
•. (Chotooa'4-1 on penarty kWc*) 


Mlddleebroogh 2. Sundertand 0 ’ 

Newcastle 2. Hall 0 

Stake 1, Leeds 3 

Tottenham 1, Deity 2 

West Bramwfch ABrian ft Liverpool 2 

West Ham ft Aston VUlal 

HomMuuoiaip a 


Aberdeon 1. Dundee United 3 



BAeraw convbiscc 

DX.l. Columbus 0 
(DX. win s series 2-0) 

Colorado 3, Dottnsl 
IColorado wins series 2-0) 


Kenya 2074 hi 50 oven 
Ztababwa21ft3 Indiaoven 


^rawed Detroit Tlgess from ALEaata^ 


. K WN*» BIJ . 

MSVOu'abvfB ft Hansa Rostock 1 

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 17, W9jj*. j 

(H«»r a \j 

»|IM‘ H('; lrt |,'"S tars Shine 

• ' f - As Colorado 


PAGE 27 



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The Associated Prrss 

■ , For ^ ber g and Patrick Roy. the 
two Colorado Avalanche stars, dom- 
- loafed as their team beat the Edmonton 

. “I’ve been struggling the last couple 
of games, but I felt good tonight Mid 

‘ • C '!? I Y^ ng W f 1 A" Mid Fwsbere, 
who had a goal and four ass ists in the £. 
2 victory Wednesday. 

Meanwhile, Roy made sure that just 
. jpbout everything stayed out — of tlw 

} NHUq bndbp 

•- Avalanche net He made 48 saves. His 
team was on the short end of a 50-19 
. count in shots on goal 

The Avalanche remained the only 
unbeaten team in the NHL 
Forsberg set up Adam Deadmareh for 
~~ .Colorado’s opening goal, redirected 

Homer in 11th Sends 
Indians to the Series 

Fernandez Hit Beats Orioles , 1-0 

BnhwM Bow/lbr W m iidi U Pfm 

Mike Mussina, the Orioles’ star pitcher, forcing the Indians 4 Omar Vizquel on a grounder to first in Game 6. 

Marlins Spent Their Way to the Top 

Shifting Strategies Finally Settled on Big Free- Agent Signings 

By Buster OIney 

New York Times Service 




ftX-nf *-• 


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■iir" A:- . 1 

*£_*.' t 

I • Adam Foote's point shot for Forsberg ’ 
third goal of the season, then assisted ol 
U ii ’>» /linn, i three other goals for a five-point night 
’ 3 *’-U I ft 4 ‘When he’s controlling the puckfit's 
like it’s on a string,” said Marc Craw- 
ford, the Colorado coach. 

Map!* Lmafe <1 Rod Wings 3 Felix 
'otvin stopped 30 shots, and Mathieu 
Ichneider had three assists as Toronto 
handed Detroit its first Ices. 

Senators 5, Ra ng e rs 1 Daniel Al- 
fredsson's return to the Ottawa lineup 
-sparked the Senators to their biggest 
score of the season. 

Alexei Yashin, the Ottawa center, 
scored his first two goals of the season, 
and Alfreds son had two assists while 
playing on what amounted to the Sen- 
ators’ third line. 

Panthem 2, Lightning 1 In Miami. 
Dave Nemirovsky had a goal and as- 
sisted on the winning score, and John 
Vanbiesbrouck stopped 24 shots to lift 
Florida over Tampa Bay. With the game 
tied 1-1 in the second period, 
Nemirovsky backhanded a pass to Dave 
Gagner in the slot Gagner whirled and 
-«• ; - (flipped the puck over Daren Puppa for 

, ,-•••-■ the go-ahead goal with 32 seconds left 

: Sabraa 3, Hurricams 3 Geoff Sander- 

son scored a power-play goal with 1:59 

: • left in regulation to give Carolina a tie 

jjtL £ » till w * visiting Buffalo. . 

iff ft till lit I ft 1 . (TiK C n n n dw w 1 , Panguina 1 1n Montreal, 
*1 ■ Ken Wregget made 34 saves to give 

. . . Pittsburgh a tie in Montreal. 

Gary Valk of Pittsburgh took a pass 
from Alex Hicks in front of the 
Montreal net and beat Jocelyn Thibault 
on a wrist shot just before the end of the 
first period. 

Capitals 2, Biackhawki o Chris Si- 
mon scored with 11:54 to play, con- 
verting a pass from Peter Bondra, and 
Oiaf Kolag made 30 saves as Wash- 
ington kept Chicago winless. 

The smallest regular-season crowd in 
the United Center’s four seasons, 
14,240, watched the Blackhawks fall to 
0-6, their worst start in 30 years. Wash- 
ington improved to 6-1, matching the 
best start m the team's 24-year history. 

Brains 5, Kings 3 Dmitri Khristich 
kqyed a three-goal barrage in the second 
•period, and Byron Dafoe stopped 38 
jflhots os the two ex-Kings helped Boston 
win at Los Angeles. 

■ Flym 2 , Mighty Ducks 2 Tomas Sand- 

strom scored with 4:32 left in the thud 
period to give Anaheim a tie with vis- 
iting Philadelphia. 

(-•**P* : ,f 


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ys . . 

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»■ *• 

ATLANTA — With a giddy entour- 
age surrounding him, R. Wayne Huiz- 
enga, owner of the Florida Marlins, 
tumbled out of the visitors’ dugout at 
Turner Field almost an hour after the 
Marlins had eliminated the Atlanta 

Huizenga and his friends, wearing 
Champagne-soaked T-shirts over their 
shirts, ties and sweaters, did what every 
kid would have done. They took a vic- 
tory lap around the bases Tuesday, in 
joyous disorder, the fastest among them 
stumbling across home plate, the slow- 
est making the trek with a cane, Huiz- 
enga in the middle of the pack. 

The Marlins’ route to the National 
League title, from their birth as an ex- 
pansion team in 1993, was as circuitous 
as the path of some of those circling the 

They will play host to Cleveland in 
Game 1 of the World Series on Saturday. 
They have come this far in only their 
fifth year of existence, the fastest ascent 
of any expansion team, which suggests a 
straight line from top to bottom. 

But the MarGns, in fact, have had a - 
strange five-year history, seemingly 
adopting and then discarding organiz- 
ational strategies as quickly as their 
fretful manager, Jim Ley land, changes 
pitchers in die late innings. 

Entering the National League the 
same season as die Colorado Rockies, 
the Marlins were once considered the 
wore conservative of the two fran- 
chises . While the Rockies immediately 
filled their roster with older, more es- 
tablished players, Florida's strategy for 
die 1992 expansion draft was to pluck 
young prospects from the minor league 
systems of other teams. 

The Marlins also concentrated on ac- 
quiring Latin American players to ap- 
peal to the Spanish-speakmg population 
around MiamL 

However, the Marlins’ selections in 
the expansion draft provided little long- ■ 
term dividend. 

The Marlins won 64 games in their 
first season and drew more than 3 million 
fans. But while the Rockies qniddy es- 
tablished themselves as an exciting of- 
fensive team that hit a lot of home runs, 
the Marlins were a work in progress. 

Interest in diem in South Florida 
waned somewhat in 1994, when the 
Marlins went 51-64 before the labor 
wars between owners and players wiped 
out the rest of that season. 

The labor struggle seemed to hurt the 
Marlins more than most teams. 

Colorado continued to fill its ballpark 
and qualified for the playoffs in 1995; the 
Marlins drew only 1.7 million in 1995, 
and the team continued to play sub- .5 00 
baseball. The same trend continued in 
1996, with the Marlins' season-ticket 
base plummeting to 12JXX), a nearly 50 
percent drop from the first year. 

Fed up with the slow decline, Huiz- 
enga became determined to alter the 
team’s direction after the 1996 season. 
The Marlins tried and failed to sign 
Albert Belle, offering die free agent 
outfielder S10 million a season. But they 
did land a handful of other stars, signing 
Bobby Bonilla to a four-year, $233 
milli on deal, pitcher Alex Fernandez to 
a five-year, $35 million contract and 
Moises Alon to a five-year. $25 milli on 

In all, the Marlins spent $89 million 
on free agents. In addition, they gave 
Leyland a $73 million contract to man- 
age and gave Gary Sheffield a $60 mil- 
lion extension. If it worked for George 
Stcdnbrenner and the Yankees, Huiz- 
enga’s logic seemed to be, ihen it would 

work for the Florida Marlins. But the 
strategy did not work, at first. 

Rather than abandoning the beaches 
and flocking to Pro Player Stadium, 
South Floridians ' interest in the Marlins 
was lukewarm at first this season. 

The team did not really perform to 
expectations, either. 

His patience at an end, Huizenga an- 
nounced in June that he was selling the 
team. “We have lost money every 
year," be said at the time. "The simple 
answer is, we are not willing to sustain 
the losses.’’ 

The Marlins began playing better, 
however. They clinched a wild-card 
playoff berth, finishing second to the 
Braves in theNational League East, and 
soon Huizenga was running around the 
bases at Turner Field with his friends. 
Interest in the Marlins has never been 
higher, their season-ticket base is sore to 

And what of the sale? "We’ll have to. 
think that thin g through later,* ’ Huiz- 
enga said in the Marlins* clubhouse, 
through streams of Champagne. Like 
the victory lap, yet another 90-degree 
turn for the Marlins’ franchise. 

AL Team to Switch Leagues 

By Mark Maske 

Washington Post Service 

BALTIMORE — Baseball’s team 
owners approved a small-scale, com- 
promise realignment plan by which 
one American League club, probably 
the Kansas City Royals or the Mil- 
waukee Brewers, will move to the 
National League next season. 

ltwas the first time in Major League 
histoiy that owners had voted to move 
a team from one league to the other, 
lay Devil 


The Tampa Bay Devil Rays were 
laced in the AL East as a result of 
ednesday’s telephone vote. The 
other 1998 expansion franchise, the 
Arizona Diamondbacks, was pat into 
the NL West. The Detroit Tigers will 
shift from the AL East to the AL 
Central next year, and the AL will be 
left with 14 teams and the NL 16. 

Each league will continue to have 
three divisions, with the NL Central 
expanding to six teams. The Royals 
have been given the option of moving 
from the AL Central to the NL Cen- 
tral, baseball officials said. The Brew- 
ers apparently will shift leagues if the 

Royals don’t, although the Minnesota 
Twins also have been mentioned as an 
outside possibility. 

Acting Commissioner Bad Selig, 
owner of the Brewers, said there 
would be further realignment of the 
Major League teams but not in time 
for next season. 

"What we have accomplished 
today is only the first step,' 1 Mr. Selig 
said in a written statement “We have 
taken care of the two most immediate, 
concerns — moving Tampa Bay into a 
more agreeable geographical division 
and creating a 16-14 league align- 

Mr. Sdig said that there are “a 
number of options” regarding which 
team will shift to the NL That de- 
termination will be made following 
the World Series, the owners an- 
nounced. The owners also extended 
the deadline for approving realign- 
ment by a majority vote in each 
league, rather than the customary 
three-quarters, to Oct 31, 1998. The 
Devil Kays and Diamondbacks can be 
moved without their consent follow- 
ing the 1999 season. 

By Mike DiGiovanna 

Los Angeles Timet 

BALTIMORE — The Cleveland In- 
dians completed a stunning run to the 
World Series with another w$»can’t- 
make-this- stuff-up stray line, beating 
the Baltimore Orioles, 1-0, in an li- 
mning thriller to clinch the American 
League championship series, four 
games to two. 

• A Camden Yards crowd of 49.075, on 
their feet and roaring throughout a 
drama-drenched, overcast, 57-degree 
afternoon, fell silent when Tony 
Fernandez, a last-minute addition to the 
lineup, homered over the right-field 
wall with two outs in the 11th off re- 
liever Armando Benitez. 

The homer was Fernandez’s second 
big bit of the day. His first was a batting- 
practice liner that drilled teammate Bip 
Roberts on the left thumb and knocked 
the Indian second baseman out of die 
game — and Fernandez into it. 

"I’m not even going to try to explain 
it any more,” Roberts said, noting the 
irony of his injury and a series in which 
just about every fluke play and weird 
bounce went the Indians’ way. “I know 
die Lord works in mysterious ways, but 
today He was at an all-time high.” 

In typical Indian fashion, their win- 
ning pitcher Wednesday was Brian An- 
derson, a reliever who was not on the 
team’s division series roster and was 
activated as an 11th pitcher for the 
league championship series. 

Anderson struck out two of four bat- 
ters in the 10th, and Jose Mesa caught 
Roberto Alomar looking at a third strike 
with a runner on first in the bottom of the 
1 1th to end the game. 

"Does this even surprise you any 
more?” Anderson said amid a some- 
what controlled postgame celebration. 
"Bip takes' a liner off the hand from 
Fernandez, Tony replaces him and hits 
the game- winning home run. I’m won- 
dering, ‘What in me world am I doing in 
a 0-0 game in the 10th inning ?* No thin g 
surprises me with this team.” 

ft should come as no surprise that 
.Cleveland won Game 6 despite being 
thoroughly dominated for die second 
time tills series by Mike Mussina, who 
gave up one hit and struck out 1 0 in eight 

Or that they won despite being outhit, 
10-3. Or that they won a 
World Series berth opposite 
the Florida Marlins even 
though they hit .193 with 62 
strikeouts in six games 
against the Orioles. 

Call it fate, call it destiny, 
call it what you want, but the 
bottom line is the Indians 
came through in clutch situ- 
ations time after time, win- 
ning all four league cham- 
pionship series g ames — 
and two of three in the di-’ 
vision series oyer the New 
York Yankees — by one 
run. They will face the Flor- 
ida Marlins in the Series, 
starting" Saturday. 

“Man, my hair is falling 
off,” said Omar VizqueC' 
the Cleveland shortstop. 

“This has been an unbeliev- 
able series. I’m getting tired 
of suffering. Every game 
has come down to one pitch, 
one play, one hit.” 

Cleveland’s starter, Charles Nagy, 
fought off early control problems to 
pitch 7 Vj scoreless innings, giving up 
nin e hits, but he said it was “easier 
pitching in that game than sitting on rbe 
bench for the last three innings. ’ 

While some teammates prayed in the 
dugout during the tense 11 th inning, 
Roberts resorted* to an unprecedented 

"1 have never in my life smoked a 
cigarette, but T smoked one in the iitit 
inning — all of it,” Roberts said. “It 
was the nerves, man. I’ll probably never 
do that again. ” 

Cleveland's manager, Mike Har- 
grove, also had a smoke, but his was a 
big fat victory cigar, one that was well- 
deserved. It was Hargrove who called a 
rare defensive play in the seventh inning 
that helped thwart a Baltimore rally. 

The Orioles, who went 0 for 12 with 
runners in scoring position, threatened 
in the seventh when Mike Bordick and 
Brady Anderson singled. Alomar 
dropped a bunt to third, but the Indians 
put on the "wheel” play, where third 
baseman Man Williams charges and 
Vizquel covers third. 

williams fielded the bunt and threw 
to third in time to force Bordick, and 
Nagy got Geronimo Berroa to ground 
into an inning-ending double play. 

The Indians had only five baserun- 
ners when Fernandez went up against 
Benitez in the 1 1th.' Benitez, who gave 
up a game-winning homer to Marquis 
Grissom, the series most valuable play- 
er, in Game 2 and a game-winning 
single to Sandy Alomar in Game 4, 
threw a 2-0 split-finger fastball that 
Fernandez hit over the wall. 

"Asa little kid you see yourself win- 
ning a big game with a home run,” 
Fernandez said. "Gosh, what a feel- 

”1 don’t believe in destiny, but I 
believe the Lord wanted me to be in the 
game for some reason.” 

■ Caban Defector to Start 

The youngest millionaire in a club- 
house full of them will pitch for the 
Marlins in Game 1 of the world Series, 
The Associated Press reported from 

Livan Hernandez, a 22-year-old Cu- 
ban defector, gets the start Saturday 
against the Indians. 

[X*ig Milh/Thc AwoJalrd Pl«« 

The Indians’’ David Justice looking downcast 
after he struck out with two men on base. 




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PAGE 28 


'• 4ft 

A Space Odyssey 

By Mitchell Owens 

- New Yvrk Tuwej Service 

N EW YORK — It is im- 
possible to climb the 
staors of the 1997 French De- 
signer Showhouse and 1 not 
imagine that you have stepped 
into a three-dimensional ver- 
sion of a brain-teaser cartoon 
for Sunday-bored children. 

Remember, this is a show 
house, so what is wrong with 
tbis picture? Con-Tact paper 
posing as bird’s-eye maple. 
Place mats turned into lamp- 
shades. Terrazzo floor tiles on 
a kitchen counter top, and 
Corian, that ubiquitous coun- 
ter material from DuPont, 
transformed into Mondrian- 

mosaic walls. 

And what about that bed in 
Jane Victor’s and Jennifer El- 
len berg’s fifth-floor aerie, a 
steel platform eerily suspen- 
ded by industrial-strength 
cables like something out of 
“2001: A Space Odyssey”? 

• □ 

The French Designer 
Showhouse, r unnin g through 
Nov. 16, is not the typical 
show house. The trompe 
l’oeil finishes alone tell the 
story. Unlike the laborious 
fool -th e-eye surfaces that 
have been a show-house 
cliche, the “tortoise-shell” 
pilasters in Odile de Schi- 
etere’s dining room are not 
trying to fool anyone. Though 
wonderfully executed, their 
essential humbleness is from 
and center: wood boards cas- 
ually tacked into place. 

This straightforward appli- 
cation gives de Schietere’s 
room — where a wrinkly, 
rudely nailed canvas floor 
cloth cuts die Russian neo- 
classical chairs and marble- 
top consoles down to size — 
an appealingly temporary, d£- 
gagd air, like a party tent 
pitched for just one night. 

It is a neat trick, and more 

important, an apt symbol for a 
showhouse that is perhaps die 
most innovative in America, 
where fantasy and accessib- 
ility come together in one tidy 

First, an explanation. The 
title of the show house, held 
this year in. an 1878 town 
house on 67th Street is some- 
what misleading. Of the 20 
designers and 17 artisans, 
only three — Jacques Grange, 
Odette Boulenger and Paul 
Mafeien — live and work in 
France. The rest are Amer- 
icans, though some are 

The cultural designation of 
the show house derives 
largely from the name of its 
beneficiary: the American 
Hospital of Paris Foundation. 
But then there is the invention 
that the word “French” im- 

These designers seem well 
aware that a majority of 
show-house visitors never 
hire decorators — magazines, 
not show houses, attract more 
new clients — and so they 
have tried nothing blatantly 
commercial. Which means no 
chintz, no antiques with stel- 
lar provenance, no robber- 
baron grandeur. 

Instead, the designers have 
had fun, offering settings, de- 
tails and solutions that ought 
to remind decorators and cli- 
ents alike that the designer 
wrath hiring is the one with a 
nimble mind, not just a busi- 
ness card. 

What these shopper- 
friendly settings mean to the 
rarefied genre of decorator 
show houses will cause se- 
rious debate in some circles, 
outrage in others. Bnt the 
ramparts have been breached: 
Merchandising in show 
houses is here. Get used to 

Public vs. Private: Testing a Collector’s Will 

By Sarah Lyall 

New York Timer Service 

G LASGOW, Scotland — This scrappy 
city owes a great deal to Sir William 

VJcity owes a great deal to Sir William 
Burrell, a very rich and somewhat cranky 
shipping mognaift best known for the ex- 
traordinary collection -of art be amassed 
with wuminasa and taste during his long 
life. In 1944, 14 years before he died at age 
96, Burrell donated his eclectic collection 
of more than 8.000 works to Glasgow, no 
questions asked (well, almost none). 

In 1983, after years of wrangling, the city 
boused the Burrell Collection — ranging 
from paintings by Degas and Rembrandt to 
exquisite medieval tapestries and Chinese 
antiquities — in a specially built mu seam in 
a rolling country park that helped put Glas- 
gow on the world’s artistic map. But with 
attention waning recently (last year, 

300.000 people visited the Burrell, down 

from 1 milli on in the mid-1980s), the city is 

eager to raise the collection’s profile again, 
specifically by allowing the art to travel to 
exhibitions around the world. A view of part of the Burrell collection in its Glasgow home. 

In an awkward development, however, 

the city's wishes have come smack up against the wishes of Art Collections Fund, an art charity in London that 
BuireU hims elf, who was very strict about where he wanted museums acquire art and handles gifts and bequests, 
his collection to go. ‘ ‘The Donees,” Burrell stipulated in believe that a donor’s wishes have to be respected unle 
1944, referring to Glasgow, “shall be entitled from time to absolutely impossible to fulfill the conditions.” 
time to lend temporarily to responsible bodies any article or Julian Spalding, the director of Glasgow’s Departxn 

articles forming part of the collection as they may think fit 
for exhibition in any public gallery in Great Britain.” 


museums acquire art and handles gifts and bequests. “We 
believe that a donor’s wishes have to be respected unless it’s 
absolutely impossible to fulfill tbe conditions.” 

Julian Spalding, the director of Glasgow’s Department of 
Museums and Galleries, argues that it is essential for Glas- 
gow to be allowed to -lend its art overseas. The issue is 

Significantly, he made no mention of lending to anyone particularly relevant now because the city is reding from 

else. extensive budget cuts, of which $3.6 million has come from 

Fifty-three years later, that requirement has become the Spalding’s budget over the last two years. Tbe department 
focus of a bitter dispute over what Burrell’s intentions really has already laid off a number of workers- and closed most of 
were and how to infapret them today. With the trustees of its museums every Tuesday, in order to save money without 
the Burrell Fund, which administers the money he left along having to impose a dmissi on charges. 

with his collection, implacably opposed to the city’s efforts, 
Glasgow is seeking to get parliamentary permission to break 
the terms of the trust ana free the art for travel. The case, 
which is costing hundreds of thousands of dollars on both 
sides, is being heard now by a special par liamentar y com- 
mission, a four-member, quasi-judicial body that will re- 
commend a course of action to Parliament as a whole. 

In 1985, Parliament gave Scotland’s national collections 
the right to alter terms of bequests after 25 years; Britain’s 
national collections got the same right, extended to 50 years, 
in 1992. But museums have exercised the right only cau- 

Unless the city can alter the trust, the Burrell and all its art 
— the Rembrandt self-portrait, the 23 works by Degas, the 
150 medieval tapestries, the ancieat Grecian urns and 
Chinese ceramics, the 14 Rodin bronzes — will become 
“increasingly marginalized as a collection, increasingly 
sidelined as far as public awareness and scholarly awareness 
is concerned,” Spalding told the commission. “We have a 
responsibility, as a public collection, to enable the foreign 
cultures of the world to see their past, as well as for them to 
be enjoyed within Britain. ” 

But what right does the city have to alter the terms of 

tiously, and now museums, galleries and art philanthropists Burrell's gift? Spalding says it all has to do with context, 
are looking closely at what happens in Glasgow, saying that Because Burrell laid out his conditions decades ago, when 
the outcome of the case could afreet the way institutions and sea travel was risky and air travel even riskier, he was 
donors deal with each other in the future. understandably concerned about letting his precious col-. 

“If the conditions were overturned, we’re worried that the lection travel overseas. But the world is a different place now, 

city of Glasgow and other institutions would lose potential 
donors,’ ’ stuid Alison Cole, a spokeswoman for the National 

Spalding argues: travel, packing, shipping and transporting 
art are all much more sophisticated and much safer. 

“I think t hat frad he known about the 
developments in handling of art and in safe 
transport around the world, Burrell would 
.have been delighted,” he said in an in- 
terview. “If we wanted to change the wu 
against the spirit of the will — say, by 
selling tbe Burrell Collection — it would be 
one thing . But all we’re trying to do is 
extend tbe wilL” 

The conditions seem absurd at times, ne 
said, using as an example a high-profile 
internatio nal Cezanne exhibition, in which 
one of the Burrell’s Cezanncs — “Le Cha- 
teau de Medan,” which the artist painted in 
about 1880 while staying with a friend, the 
writer Emile Zola — was included, bnt only 
fleetingly. ' „ 

“It is, honestly, banny that I could put 
one of the masterpieces of the collection on 
' an airplane totally legitimately to go fr? m 
~ ' Glasgow to London, where fee exhibition 
was seen by 300,000 people, but I couldn t 

send it on a plane to Paris, where the same 

exhibition was seen by 600,000 people, 
he said. ' „ , 

But the trustees of the Burrell Fund, 
whose job is to buy new art for the col- 
lection from money that Burrell left, say that however 
sympathetic they are to the city’s predicament, they are 
obligated to follow Burrell’s wishes. 

None of the trustees would agree to be interviewed, saying 
that there would be no comment until the commission had 
finished hearing tbe case. Bnt a supporter of their views, who 
spoke on condition of anonymity, said that they bad no room 
to maneuver. 

“The trustees don’t have a lot of choice," he said. 
“Burrell never changed his stipulation about lending- You 
can’t guess what Burrell would have said; all you can say is 
what he did say. And throughout his life, he was saying, ‘Do 
not lend beyond GreatBritain.’ The condition is not illegal or 
even impractical; it’s merely awkward for the city.” 

He continued: “There is a message here for those who 
wish to see it. If you are a benefactor, and you give to a 
municipal authority ami the authority agrees to your con- 
ditions and then waits until you die before setting aside those 
conditions — well, that’s cheating. 

Would-be benefactors might be less keen to give after 

Burrell was so proud of his collection — now including 
close to 9,000 works of art, of which only about a third are cm 
display at any one time — that he would truly want it to be 

“He was an avief ooUector,‘ and he knew that he was 
amassing a public collection,” Spalding said. ‘ ‘ He wanted to 
give it to Glasgow, and he wanted it to be seen by as many 
people as possible. If the director of the Louvre had had him 
to a banquet and said he wanted to include his tapestries in an 
exhibition, he would have been delighted.” * 


Reason and Revelation: The ‘Destiny’ of Youssef Chahine 

J j f 

?< < *i . ' 

By Joan Dupont 

Intern ation al Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — Youssef (Joe) Chahine, the 
leading filmmaker of the Arab world, 
has spent a lifetime linking East to West, 
mixing his own blend of musical romance 
wife historic themes and hidden messages. 

“People look at ray movies as if they were 
contemporary,” he says. 

“Destiny,” which won fee Cannes film 
festival's 50th anniversary award, is set in 
12th-century Andalusia, with the Arab phl- 
losopher Averroes, a harbinger of the En- 
lightenment, .as hero, surrounded by 
sheikhs and caliphs, and disciples with 
significant names — the exiled Joseph, 
faithful Nasser, and rebellious Abdallah. 

The film opens on an auto-da-fe and ends 
on book burning, but the manuscripts are 
copied, the word is spread, and only 
Chahine could create a philosopher who 
dances when he gets a good idea. 

“Maybe part of die picture's success.” 
he said, “is that I’m laying om a thorny 
question — the issue of fundamentalism — 
on the table, and having studied in Amer- 
ica, I wanted to do it in an entertaining way. A scene from “Destiny,” set in 12th-century Andalusia. 
Don’t bore people, give them adventure. 

but make them think. So I found Averroes, the view, make another film. My movie is not chro- 

■ * , 

Hk * 

inspired by the Old Testament, those j uicy 
stories? It's like saying, ‘Stop thinking!' 
But I have to thank feat lawyer because he 
gave me ray new movie, which is about 
someone who stops thinking.” 

Destiny tells fee story of Abdallah, 
brainwashed by religious zealots. 

“But fanatics are not just in Arab coun- 
tries,” he said. “We should stop talking 
about Islamic terrorism; what about Cath- 
olic terrorism or Judaic terrorism? What 
about those conservative white men in 
Washington or Le Pen here? People are 
becoming more ethnic, more religious, 
more fundamentalist and more terrorist, 
and sects are everywhere.” 

The Joseph of * ‘The Emigrant' ’ and the 
Joseph of - Destiny” have things in com- 
mon with Joe Chahine, fee freewheeling 
director who studied at fee Pasadena Play- 
house and learned about entertainment in 
fee '40s, when he went to Hollywood and 
saw all those lash musicals. 

His describes his own family — his 
father’s side is from Lebanon, his mother's 
from Greece — as a fantastic mess of 
Christian, Greek. Muslim and Draze. “I 

ica, I wanted to do it in an entertaining way. A scene from “Destiny,” set in 12th-century Andalusia. . just don’t get it when people talk about 
Don’t bore people, give them adventure. religious frontiers and I don’t see God as 

but make them think. So I found Averroes, fee view, make another film. My movie is not chro- frightening; he’s a pal. I read the Torah, the Koran 
philosopher who believed in fee coexistence of nological, it's not a thesis. ' ’ Nor is it set in Spain: and fee Bible — and a lot of their philosophy comes 
reason and revelation.” Andalusia, too tourist-ridden, was replaced by set- from Akhenaton. fee Egyptian sun king. I mew up 

The Egyptian director, a boyish 71, is trim and tings in Syria and Lebanon. speaking five' languages and went to an English 

athletic in faded jeans. He chain smokes through In his 46 years of directing, Chahine has had his school for rich boys, although we weren’t rich.” 
breakfast, and peppers bis conversation wife ex- troubles wife regimes and censorship; he has gone His father was a lawyer who cared more about 
pressions like, “OJC., kiddo,” and “For Pete’s on strike — “I handcuffed, myself to tbe prime principles than getting ahead, he said. “I learned 
sake.” He describes “Destiny” (which just opened minister's gate,” he said. “All my projects are high about honesty, transparency, from him. The mo- 
in France) as perhaps his most complex film. “But risk, and I fight like mad. I spend 80 percent of my mem you he, you can't be a filmmaker or a (se- 
rve been making erforte to be better understood by time on politics, 20 percent making movies. Rais- ator.” 

the public, especially in Egypt,” he said. “Not Hut ing money is politics; every penny I make goes Id 1951, Chahine went to Venice “carrying 1 1 
I make different movies for different audiences, bnt back into cinema. I can’t afford to stop. And fee reels of film on my head.” The movie was “The 
wife a public that is not always educated, yon want government is hying to kill cinema by taxing us. Nile's Son.” He was 25. “Of course, nobody came, 
to avoid being too intellectual, a monopolist of They care only about television.” but miraculously, there was a storm and people 

knowledge — fee monopolists of God, only they Perhaps his most grading moment was during rushed off the beach to see my movie in bathrng 
can read what God said, fee monopolists of power, fee release of ‘ “The Emigrant,” (1994) based on the suits! Since, I’ve been making movies for peonies, 

: monopolists of power, fee release of 

Perhaps his most grading moment was during rushed off the beach to see my movie in bathing 
s release of “The Emigrant,” (1994) based on the suits! Since, I've been making movies for peonies, 

all our mass politicians, and now we have mono- story-of Joseph the prophet and his flight to Egypt compared 
polists of knowledge. After nine weeks on fee boards in Cairo, the movie “It tool 

“When I decided to do a movie on fee golden age was banned. win at Ca 

compared to American or French films. 

“It took 30 years to get French help and longer to 
win at Cannes. When fee Cannes public gave me 

of Islam, it was because 12th-century Cordoba The director prefers to minimize the searing their hearts, fee ovation took so long, I tamed red, 
looked like my Ale xandri a, where everybody experience although he lost money and received and blue, and green. But I have a split personality 

talked to everybody, and everybody made love to death threats. 

— Joe, who went up to get fee prize, is 

everybody, no tbe religion or creed. But in “All because a bearded lawyer said it was illegal — if yon want to crack fee Western world, youd 

— . J J .!-■ ..J. ..... „_U C 1 _ »TtLU1.b. Lvh. U. .....1. If.. .....J ..U . ..J 


A N obscure English au- 
thor has become an in- 
stant millionaire at the Frank- 
furt Book Fair with 
publishers clamoring for fee 
rights to a manuscript he 
handed in only two weeks 
ago. The center of this ex- 
citement is “The Lazarus 
Child” by Robert Mawson, 
a former pilot and advertising 
copywriter. It tells the tale of a 
couple's desperate attempt to 
bring their daughter out of a 
coma. “I haven’t had time to 
tot them all up, but he will 
make easily £2 million ($32 
million) from book rights and 
advances alone,” said 
Mawson ’s literary agent, 
Christopher HilL Mawson ’s 
first effort, "A Ship called 
Hope,' ’ never caught on wife 
critics or readers. 

The American guitarist and FtaimowotaHof^ 

composer Jim Hall won the EVENING STAR — Burt Reynolds with Pam Seals at ■ 
200,000 kroner ($28,500) In- the Hollywood premiere of hk film “Boogie Nights.” 
temational Jazzpar Prize on 

Thursday. The award was created in 1989 by Siscby, editor in chief of Interview magazine 
fee Danish Jazz Center. Hall win receive a Bud contributing editor to Vanity Fair, 
check and statuette at a ceremony in Copen- 

hagen in April. u . 

composer Jim 
200,000 kroner 

fee Danish Jazz Center. Hall will receive a Bud contributing editor to Vanity Fair, 
check and statuette at a ceremony in Copen- 

hagen in ApriL u . 

• The heirs of fee Three Stooges have taken 
U . a Web site to court, claiming feat fee pub- 

The couturier Paco Rabanne paid tribute Usher, Comedy IQ Productions, uses iinau- 
to his father — a Communist fighting wife the thorized photos, videos and other collectibles. 
Republicans in fee Spanish Civil War, who They also seek to block fee unauthorized use 
was shot by a fixing squad in 1937 — at a of Curly’s trademark pronunciation of fee 

ceremony in Santona, ipam. to commemorate 
victims of fee war. ‘T came wife no bit- 
terness,” he said. “I never knew my father. I 
was only 3 when he died. I came hoping to 
meet someone who could tell mq about him. ” 

in, to commemorate word “certainly.” Web surfers are urged to 
came wife no bit- click a button labeled “Soitenly!' 7 

The National Book Foundation has an- 

Rabanne has lived in France ever since his notmeed the finalists for the 1997 National 

mother fled Spain with her children.. 


Elton John is going to write his memoirs. 

Book Awards, which will be presented Nov. 
18 in New York: 

FICTION: “Underworld” by Doo EtelJllo; “Cold Moun- 
tain," Cbarld Frazier. “Le Divorce, " Diane Johnson; "Echo 


about writing a memoir, but the time never 
seemed right,” he said, noting feat be had just 

NONFICTION! “My Brother" by Jamaica Kincaid; 
“American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson." 

celebrated his 50fe birthday. ‘ ‘These and otfa- - David 

w mtlrctnnrr nmfageinnai tn ^ Kertzett The Undertaking; Lift St ud ie s Pram tbe Dismal 
er milestones, professional and personal rn Trade.” Thomas LynchTiud ■■Whitaker Chamber* ’■ Sam 
nature, lead me to think that fee time hat Teaeabaus. 

finally come.” The singer, who has sold more POETRY: ■ 'Locum; at tbe Edge of Summer” by John 
than 200 million records worldwide, said he ?££“: VJSSK 1 

would collaborate on fee book wife Ingrid 31x1 T* 


i 7 ** s" ' 

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