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- vi 

j.\ V The World’s Daily Newspaper 

'•> - 

Asia on Path 
To Stabilize 
Its Markets, 
Rubin Says 

\p.S. Is Trying to Help 
* Rebuild Confidence, 
Treasury Chief Adds 



'Paris* Monday, October 27, 1997 

No. 35.662 


Bloomberg News 

WASHINGTON — Robert Rubin, 
the U.S. Treasury secretary, said Sun- 
day that Southeast Asian oatioas were 
“well positioned” to regain stability, 
after last week’s slock market rout in 
Hong Kong, which spilled over into 
other parts of Asia, and to Europe and 
the United States 

■■ ‘’They are well positioned to re-es- 
tablish financial stability,” Mr. Rubin 

id on the ABC News program “This 
. feck,” adding, “How loDg it will taW» 
is not a prediction that anybody could 

Mr. Rubin said the United States had 
been in contact with international au- 
thorities like the International Monetary 
Fund to try to re-establish investor con- 
fidence in the region. 

“The key for us is to work with the 
governments and the international finan- 
cial institutions — the IMF and the World 
Bank — to re-establish financial stability 

Asia crisis spoils appetite for risk. 
Page 8. • Profit slump at Peregrine. 
Seoul seeks to arrest market slide. 
Page 11. • Hong Kong moves 
against speculators. Page 12. 

_ Southeast Asia,” Mr. Rubin 
said. "We’ve been very involved, even 
over this weekend, in helping shape 
responses that will re-establish fiscal 
responsibility and financial stability in 
Southeast Asia, which is enormously 
important to us.” 

Still, Mr. Rubin said the main respon- 
sibility for stability lay with the countries 

involved in the crisis. “The key though, 

as always in these kinds of situations, is 
'^ m that the countries themselves have to 
; establish sound policy regimes-” 

• Mr. Rubin also said the U.S. Treasury 

was working closely with individual na- 

— ; tions, and with Indonesia in particular. 
V After Mr. Rubin’s remarks, the 
Treasury declined to say why the United 
... States was working with Indonesia so 
closely. Indonesia has about $20 billion 
? -in private foreign debt maturing before 
j the end of the year. Hubert Neiss, the 

• IMF’s director for Asia and tire Pacific, 
. ' was in Indonesia last week. 

Last week, Indonesia’s trade and in- 
dustry minister, Tunky Ariwibowo, told 
IMF that the country had no plans to 
il its “national car’ ’project, one of 
pending plans analysts say they 
would like to see abandoned. He also 
jjaBtfoe IMF talks had gone “smoothly, 
and progress has been made.” 

President Suharto’s . youngest son, 
fftnomo (Tommy) Mandate Putra, con- 
trols PT Timor Putra Nasional, which 
Wfe given exclusive tax and import-duty 
beaks m 1996 to produce a car that is 
eventually supposed to be entirely loc- 
ally made. For now, the company is still 
selling cars made by Kia of South Korea, 
which are imported duty free. 

Indonesia’ s government cancele d j>17 
billionin projects on Sept. 23 in an effort 
control spending and restore con- 
in the economy. 

... On Thursday, stocks fell in Hong 
L ; Kong and throughout Asia, with Hong 
■' Koog’s index plunging more titan 10 
. percent. Tbs rout spilled over into other 

■ Asian markets, including Japan, where 
theNfldcei index fell 3 percent, triggering 

~ declines in European and U.S. stocks. 
Hong Kong's benchmark Index 
tumbled as global fund managers began 
unloading shares in Asia’s second-largest 
market after the Territory’s chief exec- 
utive, Tung Chee-hwa, said in London 
that interest rates might have to rise to 
. . defend the Hong Kong dollar. 

Mr. Tung’s comments and the seu- 

■ off drove overnight rates as high as 150 
percent while the one-month Hong 
kong Interbank Offered Rate — the rate 

. - banks char ge each other —• rose as high 
: ; as 47.5 percent Higher rates deter bor- 
. rawing andslow apartment sales, which 

* B# ftcls Hong Kong'S stock markei be- 
luse seven out of 10 listed companies 

y invest in property. . __ _ . 

On Friday, however, the Hang Seng 
rallied 6.9 percent reversi— — 

index luiwu v.s" — .- - 4 .* . 

oCThursday’srout U.S. stocks declined 
■ for. a second day Friday as concern 
spread that slowing economies in Asa 
; would hurl semiconductor companies. 


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Jiang Begins Historic U.S. Visit 

Albright Warns That Hell Get an Eatful of Noisy Democracy 

By Brian Knowlton 

International Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — President Jiang 
Zemin of China arrived Sunday in Hon- 
olulu at the beginning of an extraor- 
dinary state visit to the United States 
that both sides hope will help transform 
a strained and prickly relationship into 
one of productive cooperation. 

Mr. Jiang and a large delegation ar- 
rived at Hickman Air Force Base after a 
10-hour flight from Beijing. Protesters 
from Amnesty Internationa] and other 
planned to meet him at his of- 
stops in the islands, a foretaste of 
what tiie leader is likely to 

encounter in six other U.S. cities. . 

Referring to the expected protests. 
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright 

said Sunday that Mr. Jiang would not 
have a "totally fuzzy time.” But she 
added, in an appearance on NBC-TV. 
that * ’it is important for him to see where 
our liberty came from.” 

Mr. Jiang. 71. has been to the United 
States many times, but this is the first state 
visit by a Chinese president in 12 years. 

While neither side expects huge steps 
forward, both hope for some regular- 
ization of a relationship that was de- 
railed by Beijing's violent crackdown 
on pro-democracy protesters in 1989. 

Mr. Jiang, in a rare news conference 
with foreign reporters before leaving 
Beijing, sought to appear conciliatory, 
saying that he personally had approved 
the signing of a United Nations cov- 
enant that would oblige China to protect 
its people from discrimination. He de- 

scribed Chinese-U.S. relations as 
“moving toward a good direction.” 

Washington and Beijing are very- 
close to an agreement that would enable 
President Bill Clinton to allow U.S, 
companies to sell billions of dollars of 
civilian nuclear readers to China, se- 
nior U.S. officials said. Bui Mr. Jiang 
yielded no ground on other issues of 
concern to many in the West, defending 
Chinese rule of Tibet and rebuffing calls 
for the release of jailed dissidents. 

Mr. Jiang’s itinerary, which Mrs. Al- 
bright said was decided entirely by the 
Chinese, includes visits to places that 
Americans view as symbols of their 
nation’s struggle for democracy and 
survival — from Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. 

See CHINA, Page 8 

Risk and Opportunity for Both Sides 

America Pays in Technology For Midwestern Heartland, 
For Foothold in Vast Market Business Builds Chinese Ties 

By Paul Blustein 

Washington Post Service 

By John Pomfret 

Washington Post Service 

President Jiang Zemin of China reviewing an air force honor guard 
Sunday on his arrival in Honolulu, his first stop on American soil. 

For the Peronists, Victory 
Is Far From a Sure Thing 

By Anthony Faiola 

Washington Past Service 

BUENOS AIRES — During the 
1990s, Aigentine politics seemed like a 
one-party system: The Peronists. whose 
legacy dates to the famous — and in- 
famous — former president Juan Peron, 
politically dominated this conn try with 
the divided opposition posing hardly 
any threat. 

But all that has abruptly changed, 
affecting the -voting Sunday in Argen- 
tine congressional elections. An alli- 
ance forroedbetweenthe Peronists’ two 
main political adversaries — the center- 
right Radical Civic Union and the leftist 
Front for a Country in Solidarity (Fre- 
paso) — left the Peronists on the ropes 
m regions that once made up the very 
core of their political power. It caused a 
media frenzy in this nation of 35 mil- 
lion, headaches for President Carlos 
Saul Menem’ s embattled Peronists, and 
a lot of pontificating from political ex- 
perts who view the elections as a virtual 
primary for the presidential race in 

[A leader of the opposition alliance 
predicted the collapse ofPeronistic con- 
trol in the lower house of Congress as 
voting started Sunday, Renters reported 
from Buenos Aires. “An era is def- 
initely coming to an end,” said Senator 
Graciela Fernandez Mcijide, a candi- 
date in tiie crucial district of Buenos 
Aires Province, who is widely touted as 
a candidate in presidential elections. 

[Mr. Menem shrugged off talk of 
defeat, predicting a “brilliant” Feronist 
performance as he cast his vote in his 
borne desert province of La Rioja. But 
he was quick to add that the outcome 

would have no bearing on the pres- 
idential election in 1999.] 

Argentina, with perhaps the highest 
standard of living in Intin America, 
hardly resembles the chaotic, economic 
wreck it was in 1989 — the year Mr. 
Menem and his Peronists woo office. 
Since then, Mr. Menem has carried out 
sweeping economic reforms, including a 
whirlwind of privatizations of state-run 
industries and ibe pegging of the peso id 
the U.S. dollar to end hyperinflation. 

The result has reaffmaed-fois nation, 
onceoneofthe'world’s 10 wealthiest, as 
the economic envy of Latin America. 
Local business is booming, foreign in- 
vestment is soaring and services here 
are running more smoothly than at any 
time in recent history. 

Yet even in this climate. The Al- 
liance, as the Radical Civic Union-Fre- 
paso bloc is called, has scored points 
with the populace. It has done so by 
saying it would keep Mr. Menem ’s eco- 
nomic plan intact while trying to slow 
his rapid pace of privatization and to use 
slate funds to help create badly needed 
jobs for tiie millions left without work 
after government downsizing. 

Indeed, although unemployment is 
falling after reaching a hign of 18 per- 
cent this summer, it still hovers around 
14.5 percent. 

Perhaps The Alliance’s most signif- 
icant success has been labeling Mr. Me- 
nem’s party as controlled by big business 
interests — pitting the Peronists against 
their followers among the lower class, on 
the backs of whom Juan Peron founded 
his party. The cm into the Peronist work- 
er vote comes from tiie influence of 

See ARGENTINA. Page 8 

WASHINGTON — “Whatever it takes.” That, give or take 
a caveat or two, is what many U.S. corporate executives say they 
are willing to'do to lap the vast potential of China's market 

But China runs its economy according to very different 
rules from those prevailing elsewhere in foe world 

And more than ever, foreign companies seeking access ro 
its rapidly growing market of 12 billion people find them- 
selves subjected to extraordinary demands by state planners 
to hand over valuable technology and job-generating in- 
vestments, especially in sectors that Beijing views as stra- 
tegically important such as autos, aerospace and electronics. 
Companies that balk lose out to competitors. 

Therein lies a problem rambling below foe surface of 
Chinese- American relations as China's president, Jiang 
Tamm, heads to Washington feu- a summit meeting this week 
with President Bill Clinton. 

To win foe right to fonn a joint venture with China's 
leading automaker that would make 100,000 care in Shang- 
hai, for example. General Motors Corp. promised this year to 
build a factory featuring “the latest in automotive man- 
ufacturing technology, including flexible tooling and lean 
manufacturing processes.” 

General Motors also pledged to establish five training 

LAWRENCE. Kansas — The Jayhawk Bowling Co. was 
installing a 1 2-lane bowling alley inside a brothel in China Iasi 
year when one of ibe pinsetiers broke. 

As Jayhawk’s owner. Chuck Hardman, tells it, foe Chinese 
manager lost his head His staff couldn't repair the machine. So 
foe brothel-bowling business, which he said was owned by the 
Chinese Army, complained to the local police. They responded 
by throwing one of Jayhawk’s American employees in jail. He 
was released three days later, and the pinsetler was fixed. 

The unsettling experience did not. however, sour the un- 
flappable Midwesterner on foe Chinese market. 

“I like doing business with them,” said Mr. Hardman. 59, 
whose $5 -million-a-y ear company has $1 million in annual 
sales in C hina. “They seem to like us. too. They look to foe 
heartland to get a square deal.” 

Increasingly, foe heartland is looking back. 

On foe eve of the first summit between China and the 
United States since President George Bush's troubled Beijing 
journey in 1989. residents here can testify to the immediacy 
and speed with which China has come to touch the lives of 
average Americans. Once the purview of states on the Pacific 
Rim and the financial and political centers on foe East Coast, 
American ties to China have started to loom large across foe 

See TRADE. Page 8 

See MIDWEST, Page 4 


PULLOUT IN BRAZZAVILLE — Members of the victorious Cobra militia that fought for General 
Denis Sassou-Nguesso waiting Sunday in the Republic of Congo capital, Brazzaville, to be integrated into 
Hie nation’s armed forces. Angola agreed to withdraw its forces from the country. Page 7. 

Italy Embraces ‘Magic 5 of the Euro 

By Celestine Bohlen 

New York Tones Service . 

PERUGIA. Italy — There is a magic 
word in Italian politics, and it is 

Invoked during the brief collapse of 
Prime Minister Romano Prodi’s gov- 
ernment this month , it once again did the 
trick: The center-left government 
bounced back to life, buoyed by foe 
strongest national consensus in Europe 
in favor of taking part in tiie 1999 start of 
a common currency. 

Since the idea of the euro, as the 
sin gle currency is called, emerged from 
foe 1992 Maastricht treaty. Italians 
across the political spectrum have been 

its most fervent supporters, even when 
Italy’s bloated fiscal deficit made it look 
like one of the countries least likely to 

Even now, after feeling the painful 
effects of stringent budget policies that 
have squeezed foe deficit down to the 


level required, for joining foe euro, foe 
pro-Europe mood in Italy remains 
strong. According to polls taken by the 
European Commission last May, 73 
percent of Italians questioned were in 
favor of foe single currency, foe highest 
approval rate of any of the European 
15 members. In contrast, 55 


percent in France- were in favor, com- 
pared with only 39 percem in Ger- 

For workers at the Perugina chocolate 
factory here, “joining Europe” — the 
curious phrase often used by Italians 
when they talk about the fast-approach- 
ing merger of currencies and economic 
policies — is not just an abstract notion 
dreamed up by central bankers and 
politicians. It is a way of life that began 
in 1988 when Nestle, foe Swiss-based 
international conglomerate, bought this 
most Italian of enterprises, maker of the 
famous blue-and-silver- wrapped Baci 
chocolate “kisses.” 

See ITALY, Page 8 

Haze Darkens Mood in Southeast Asia 

Smoke from vast forest fires in 
Indonesia, mingling with urban pol- 
lution, has spread into Malaysia, foe 
Philippines, Singapore, Thai land. 
Brunei and Papua New Guinea. 

Ibe calamity coincides with the 
worst economic crisis to hit the region 
in many years, darkening people's 
spirits even as it shortens their day- 
light hours. Page 4. 

Harmonica Maker Battles the Blues 

By John Schmid 

Imemmioaal Herahl Tribune 

Even before musicians from 22 na- 
tions began arriving in foe German 
village of Trossingen two weeks ago 
for the World Harmonica Festival, 
held every four years, foe town already 
found itself tangled up in blues. 

Trossingen 's main employer, Mat- 
thias Hohner AG, the world's best- 
known harmonica maker, plans to 
eliminate 300 jobs in the coming year 
after having cut 100 in foe past year. 
The moves add up to a slashing offoe 
work fbreeby two-thirds, to 200 trom 
600 , over two years. 

Deepenin g losses and slumping sales 
may seem a surprising fare for a com- 

pany that manufactured the fust har- 
monica 140 years ago and prides itself 
oh laving helped make music history 
on the other side of the Atlantic, where 
American blues and folk music became 
reliant on German instruments. 

Bob Dylan, Neil Young. Stevie 
Wonder, Bruce Springsteen, the 
Beatles and virtually every blues mu- 
sician from Muddy Waters and Big 
Walter Horton to foe less prominent 
acts in Chicago’s smoky blues dubs 
have blown riffs on the narps made in 
this remote town of 1 5,000 on the edge 
of the Black Forest 

Abraham Lincoln, when he was 
U.S. president, wrote a letter to the 
Hohner company describing how he 
relaxed with nis 

“When I began playing 33 years 
ago, there were no other harmonicas.” 
said Peter “Mad Cat” Ruth of Ann 
Arbor, Michigan, named foe 1997 har- 
monica player of foe year by foe So- 
ciety for foe Preservation and Ad- 
vancement of the Harmonica. 
“Hohner had a monopoly.” 

Founded in 1857 by Matthias 
Hohner, a clockmaker, the company's 
experience reflects both the glories of 
German industrial history and the 
fickle forces of today’s global econ- 
omy. in which attributes such as le- 
gendary craftsmanship and near-uni- 
versal brand recognition no longer 
suffice to compete against products 

See BLOW, Page 16 


An Algerian Party 
Charges Vote Fraud 

ALGIERS (AFP) — The National 
Liberation Front, a member of Al- 
geria’s ruling coalition, rejected a 
claim Sunday, by its government allies 
foal last week's local elections were 

The front’s leader, Boualem Ben- 
hamouda, said his party had been 
robbed of victory in Thursday’s vote 
by large-scale fraud. He called for 
legal action against “those respon- 
sible who are hiding behind this se- 
rious political plot against Algeria.” 


A Shaken Italy Holds Its Breath 


IN THE PITS — Michael Schu- 
macher after losing to Jacques 
Villeneuve for the world drivers’ 
title Sunday in Spain. Page 20. 


Black Women March in Philadelphia 

Bwks Page 7. 

Crossword.™ Page 7. 

Opinion Page 6 . 

Sports Pages 18-20. 

Tho int&rmarket 

Pago 10. 

The IHT on-line 

■- ■ . i. 





Digging Out Giotto / Quake Damage Control in Assisi 

Italy Scrambles to Safeguard Treasures 

By Celestme Bohlen 

New font Times Senice 

A SSISI, Italy — It has been a month since a 
devastating earthquake struck central 
Italy on SepL 26, killing four people in- 
side die St Francis basilica here and 
reducing large swatches of its magnificent ceiling 
frescoes to rubble. 

And still the tremors come — more than a hun- 
dred now — striking fear in the hearts of the 
architects, experts and engineers charged with the 
rescue of this region's artistic treasures. 

With every new jolt, Italy holds its breath, fearing 
more trauma for the thousands already homeless, 
and more reports of cracked frescoes, or stricken 
bell towers, like the tower in the Umbrian town of 
Foligno that lost its turret early this month. 

“After every shake, we wait for the latest war 
bulletin/' said Costantino Centroni, the superin- 
tendent of art for Umbria. “We live day by day 
because we never know what's coming. The seis- 
mologists don't have comforting news; they say it 
could last months but they don’t know either. We 
just visir one damaged site after the other in con- 
tinuous apprehension/’ 

And with each new tremor, popular attention is 
drawn back to Assisi — birthplace of St. Francis, 
Italy's patron saint, and crucible of the Italian 

Within days of the initial quake, dozens of ded- 
icated restorers, many of them volunteers, flocked 
here to start piecing together bits of fallen frescoes, 
some the size of bread crumbs, to mend the broken 
faces of saints painted by 13th-century masters like 
Cimabue and Giotto. 

For it is here that the most delicate of rescue and 
restoration efforts has been mounted — a 20th- 
century effort with cranes and support beams and 
plastic foam to hold together me majestic but 
battered basilica of St Francis, and those treasures 
inside that have survived but need protection from 
future shocks. Even the mattresses placed on the 
floor betray lingering fears for the frescoes above. 

For those in Assisi, the night of Oct. 7 was one of 
the worst, when yet another earthquake rippled 
through the rocky ground beneath the basilica, 
sending more chunks of masonry crashing to the 

The jolt — measuring 4.9 on the Richter scale — 
widened and deepened the hole at the triangular 
apex, or tympanum, of the facade of the basilica’s 
left transept, even as the rescue teams were planning 
their latest efforts to shore up what remained in 

“Before Ocl 7, the situation of the tympanum 
was dangerous/' said Giorgio Crori, an Italian 
engineer who has performed expert surgery on 
endangered monuments from Rome to Samarkand. 
“TTien it became tragic/ 7 
Galvanized by the spreading wound on the left 
transept's tympanum, the rescue team met late into 
the night of Ocl 8. By the next morning, they had 
the plan for an elaborate and tricky operation that, 
almost miraculously, would be executed one week 
later, several hours before the next big quake struck 
at 5:25 P.M. on Oct. 14. 

The key to the mission was a triangular structure 
of metal rods and joints, a giant erector set that was 
to be fixed to the wall of the transept's facade, 
shoring up the tympanum. 

Constructing the triangle was the easy part The 

The Reverend Giulio Berrettoni celebrating Mass on Sunday in the crypt of Sl 
F rancis Basilica in Assisi, in front of the tomb of the patron saint of Italy. 

hard part was getting it up off the ground and onto a 
120-foot-high (37-meter) basilica that is surroun- 
ded on its southern flank by a series of cloisters and 
courtyards that would block access for a crane. 

The team considered using helicopters that could 
have lowered the 4.7-ton structure into place. But 
that option was rejected, for fear that the swaying 
metal structure, or the vibrations of the rotor blades, 
would cause further damage. Instead, the team used 
a double-crane approach — a big one parked out- 
side the basilica complex would lift a smaller crane 
over an elegant arcade and deposit it in an inner 

T HE MACHINERY was in place by Ocl 13, 
but on that day Assisi was buffeted by 
driving rains. Mr. Croci, on the roof of the 
basilica, could feel soggy bits of eroding 
mortar blowing in his face. Fearing for the safety of 
the crew, he reluctantly postponed the operation 
until the next day, and even men the crew fought 
strong winds as they slipped die metal structure onto 
brackets on the roof. 

“Had we waited only a few more hours, it is 
likely that the 5:25 earthquake would have de- 
stroyed the tympanum, which would probably have 
fallen into the chapel below, damag in g precious 
works of art,” Mr. Croci said. 

Saving a six-centmies-old church, perched atop a 
rocky hillside in an area traumatized by recurring 
earthquakes, is a precarious business. With the 
metal structure now snuggled in place, and the 
gaping hole in the facade now filled with poly- 
urethane foam, the tympanum is now out of 

- Still, damage control is only now beginning on 

the basilica's famous vaulted ceiling, a glorious 

g&U?, nave, with works by Cimabue and 
Giotto and members of their schools. 

The earthquake on Sept 26 caused the collapse of 
two 360-square-foot ceiling sections — one a fresco 
of SL Jerome, together with parts of an arching band 
of portraits of other saints, attributed to the young 
Giotto or his school The other was a fresco of SL 
Matthew by Cimabue, together with a section of 
decorative starry sky. 

The rescue team has built a narrow wooden 
passageway that will run the length of the nave, 
above the vaulted ceiling, and from it crews have 
been crawling die length of the basilica to carry out 
an inspection of the damage. 

Once the inspection is complete, salvage and 
restoration can begin. 

That work is expected to be finished in five 
months, but the most optimistic predictions for 
reopening the upper basilica is for the year 2000. 
Millions of visitors will celebrate Christianity’s 
third mill ennium that year in Rome and other pil- 
grimage sites such as Assisi 

Mr. Centroni said that the lower basilica, which 
houses the tomb of Sl Frauds and some of the finest 
ait works in Assisi, could reopen within weeks. 

■ Mass Celebrated in Assisi Basilica Again 

Worshipers returned to the Basilica of Sl Francis 
of Assisi on Sunday, exactly a month after it was 
devastated by an earthquake, attending Mass in the 
chapel holding Sl Francis’s body. The Associated 
Press reported from Assisi 

Several hundred people packed the crypt in the 
lower basilica for Sunday’s service. 

By Barbara Crossette 

New York rums Service 


Takeacoantry that has languished under 

a quixotic .colonel for about three de- 
cades; buildi ng up a reputation for ter- 
rorism 'along me way. Put this fair land 

■ «• i*- ■ • “rts? res 

United States, which has proved capable by_ any « WMck ■ ‘'^emdMedg 

since its beaches' are portrayed as a*. I.ljlt 
ceedingly hostile territory in the movie F 
“GI Jane’ 1 with Demi Moore. Iastcad, 

Libya is going for what tourism types ' 

call the high end. ; \ 

“We're not looking atmass tourism' - - 

here," Mr. Fletcher said. "WeVe not 
looking at building mass resorts along . ’ 
the coast We’re talking about a Muslim • 

tourism since Gadhafi took over hearty , 
30 years ago. It is a big step to come iruo 
the 21st century/’ j -- : / . ; 

The Libyans, not unlike the Bhu- 
tanese in their Himalayan isolation, are 
acting on the hunch that older, richer, 
more culturally sensitive travelers are 
the ticket to bigger earnings -with; 
social disruption. 0 

Europeans, whose governments have ■ 
not imposed the same travel restrictions , 
that Americans face, are already _aignihg 


of enforcing them with bombs; No 
planes from the outside world can land 
there legally. Internal flights, with air- 
craft patched together in the absence of 
new spare parts, are risky. Isolation has 
faded the grand old hotels. 

.- What does this country, Colonel 
Moammar Gadhafi ’s Libya, decide to 
invest in? Tourism. 

International travel is a multibilbon- 
dollar business, with nearly 600 million 
people taking pleasure trips every year, 
more than double the number in 1980. 

For Libya, tourism offers a lot, at 
least on paper. A third or more of in- 
ternational travelers visit the Mediter- 
■ ranean area, so why not add on the 
attractions of Libya? It has mirage-like, _ - T 

raud-waUed desert cities, spectacular Q£K tO Lil&YCU 
seaside Roman r uins and (having been * 

an Italian colony) spaghetti. 

Furthermore, tourists often pay in 

to Libya could help the government ST ANDREWS, Scotland Pres- 
soften its pariah image, or so Libyans ident Nelson Mandela of South Africa 
. seem to hope: That was what they had in will shortly visit Libya again, but has no } 
mind last week when Nelson Mandela 

Mandela Is Going 

His Goal Unclear 

of South Africa visited, clearly upset- 
dog Washington. 

But “don't hold your breath waiting 
for Americans’' is the advice to Libya 
from James Rubin, the State Depart- 
ment spokesman. Ordinary Americans 
are barred from travel there. The United 
States, Britain and France accuse Libya 
of blowing up passenger planes — the 
destruction in 1988 of Pan Am Flight 
103 over Scotland, killing 270 people, 
and the explosion that destroyed a 
French airliner over Niger the following 
year, with 171 deaths. 

Libya has refused to extradite sus- 
pects sought by the West, though it has 
contacted relatives of Pan Am victims in 
an effort to reach a settlement 

Yet even if the standoff persists for a 
very long time, there are no international 
sanctions that prohibit Libya from de- 
veloping its tourist industry. 

With the help of the World Tourism 
Organization, a branch of the United 
Nations Development Program based in 
Madrid, Libya has just budgeted 

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Fnmtr 0800902248 (irrra 0800118213013 Germany 0130829608 

Hoar Km 800967200 Israel 1771000102 Italy 187873928 

Japan 0031126609 0038110243 Lweemlmarg 08004552 

J/rrire 0580 08784178 NtAeriamb 060220657 K Zealand 0800441880 
Portugal 0301 12632 Simapatr 6001202501 SAfncm 0800906337 
Spain 900931007 Sweden 020783158 Swfcrrfw/ 08008 07233 
TbaffanJ CtMl00TtWl6Bl3 tSA 8009945757 UK 0800966832 

US-Toll Voice Line +714-376-6020 US-Toll Fax Line +714-376-3025 


Italian Airports Join Schengen 

ROME (Reuters) — Italy began its first day as a full 
member of Europe's open-border -Schengen accord Sunday, 
with passengers at international airports being told their 
passports were no longer needed for air travel between Italy 
and Fiance, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Spain, 
Portugal and Germany. 

Land travel will still be subject to passport checks and 
police border controls until April 

Georgia did uot to put back the clocks Sunday, but 
decided to keep daylight saving tone through the winter to 
conserve energy. (AP) 

BHzzard Hits UJ5. Western Plains 

DENVER. (AP) — The season’s first 
blizzard shutdown much of the Western 
Plains on Sunday. 

Officials barred nonemergency travel 
on 300 miles (500 kilometers) of roads 
from Wyoming to New Mexico. Roads 
also were closed in Nebraska, Wyom- 
ing, Kansas and New Mexico. 

lendel Palmer & Tricon, 
than half a dozen European bidders for 
the contract 

Nobody thinks this will be an easy 
project, least of all Jim Fletcher, who is in 
charge of developing Libya's tourism 
plan for the London consulting company. 
Not only is Libya an outcast, but it is also 
next door to Algeria, home of the world’s 
most violent civil strife lately, where 
scores of innocents are slain regularly. 

Tunisia, wedged between them on the 
Mediterranean coast of North Africa, has 
already found its efforts to expand tour- 
ism haunted by Algeria’s problems. 

A Muslim nation where alcohol is 
forbidden and modesty encouraged, 
Libya does not exactly have beach bums 
in mind, which is probably just as well. 

plans to make any major announcement 
on ending the deadlock over the Lock- ■ 
erbie bombing, his spokesman said Sun- . 

The spokesman. Tony Trew, dis- 
missed as “unreliable" a report from 
Cairo quoting an Egyptian official as ; 
saying that Mr. Mandela, who discussed 
Lockerbie with Prime Minister Tony 
Blair on Sunday, would be making such " 
an announcement in Libya. 

“On his wav back to South Africa, he. ' 
will have a brief meeting in Libya/* the 
spokesman told Reuters by telephone. 

“I’m not aware of any important an- 
nouncements that will be made.’’ Mr. ' 

Mandela is in Scotland for a Common- ' 
wealth summit, which ends Monday. 

He has been trying to help mediate i~ii| 
end to the four-year standoff between* 

Libya on the one hand, and the United ; 

States and Britain on the other, over the 
December 1988 bombing of a Pan Am < 
airliner over the Scottish town of Lock- 
erbie in which 270 people died. 

Mr. Mandela stopped off in Libya on 
the way to the Commonwealth meeting 
for talks with Colonel Moammar 
Gadhafi, who is resisting British and 
U.S. demands that two Libyan suspects xi-iliii-*.' I ; a * ? * : »■- 
in the bombing be handed over for trial f ' 
in Scotland. 

"The idea of a second meeting arose 
out of the. first visit," Mr. Trew said 
"The president has not discussed what - 
it will be about." 

Mr. Mandela supports the stance of . 
the Organization of African Unity and . 
the Arab League, which both say the 
suspects should be handed over to a .... . 
neutral country for trial. 

On Sunday, he urged his Common- 
wealth colleagues to beef up moves de- 
signed to bring Nigeria back into the , 
democratic fold. Sources said Saturday 
thar de legates had endorsed in principle:^ 
ministerial report condemning the Wea£ 

African nation. (Reuters, AFP) 

derail 1 1 


This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government 
offices will be closed or ser- 
vices curtailed in die following 
countries and dependencies 
this week because of national 
and religious holidays: 

MONDAY: Ireland. Ne* Zea- 
land. Turkmenistan, Zaur. 

TUESDAY: Cyprus, Czech 
Republic. Greece. Israel. 

WEDNESDAY: ind^Tur- 



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THURSDAY: India. Malay- 
sia, Mauritius. Singapore, Sri Lanka. 

FRIDAY : Germany. Guatemala. 
India. Singapore, Slovenia, Taiwan. 

SATURDAY: Algeria. An- 
dorra. Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, 
Burkina Faso, Burundi. Cape Verde Is- 
lands, Central African Republic. Chad. 
Chile. Congo, Croatia. Prance, French 
Guiana. Gabon. Germany, Guatemala, 
Haiti, Italy. Ivory Coast. Lebanon. 
Liechtenstein. Lithuania, Luxembourg. 
Madagascar. Mauritius. Monaco, tern, 
Philippines, Poland. Portugal. Rwanda, 
San Marino. Senegal. Seychelles. Slov- 
akia. Slovenia. Spain. Sweden, Switzer- 
land. Togo. Vatican City. Venezuela. 
Virgin Islands. 

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Europe • Asia SiST® %%£ 

Cool in dw Northeast Whh CoU with snow and flurries Chiny in Balling Tuesday, S* 0 * acraa iaw» 
a faw showers Tuesday. Tuesday m Moscow and sunny and ntfder WodnaL' «*** 

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* 0 L ,\ Black Women 
^ Get Their Turn 
At March in 

>: . By Michael A. Fletcher ' 
and DeNeeD L. Brown 

. ’ v. ' . Washington fog Service 

PHILADELPHIA — Hoping to ig- 
nite a renewed sense of unity among 
women of African descent, hundreds of 
thousands of black women rallied here 
over the weekend for the Million Wom- 
. ' an March, an assembly that at once 
■ resembled a family gathering, an intense 
call to duty and a huge open-air bazaar. 

All along the mile-long march site, 

_ ^flowing from the steps of the Museum 
- ,'>. v of Art, marchers ignored the raw, damp 
■ ; weather Saturday to pose for pictures 
' r - • with families, hug old friends and pore 
: over the array of items being hawked by 
n. the scores of vendors who lined die 
. way. 

/.nj. At the same time on the main stage 

™ singeis and poets performed and a long 
line of speakers admonished Mack 
I In women to ignore their differences and 
> unite as one. 

I “From this moment, sister, no longer 

will you walk by your sister and not 
acknowledge her existence,” said Asia 
Coney, one of the two P hila delphia ac- 
tivists who called for the march. 

The bulk of the marchers seemed 
,<-'V disconnected from the intonations of Che 
z\/' eclectic series of speakers, in part be- 
■->' . cause the speakers' platform was barely 
: - sV - visible from many parts of the assembly. 

Also, a faulty, low-tech sound system 
■ \ made it difficult for participants to fol- 
: low events. 

i But those problems seemed second- 
7 • ary to many of the women who 
'• 1 gathered, often with die hope that they 
7 ; • would be a party to history. 

' . “You can tell this was important for a 
lot of women because they came with- 
out knowing a whole lot about it," said 
. Johnnie Gettings of Chicago. “I came 
because I wanted to tune into this. It was 
a sisterhood thing.” 

t . Women flooded into Philadelphia cm 
airplanes, trains, buses, cars and vans, 
filling hotels and doubling up at the 
A. homes of friends for an event that many 
: - 1 hoped would rival the Million Man 
: March, which drew as many as 800,000 
, black men to Washington in 1995. That 






Winnie Madikizela-Mandela responding to the crowd after her speech. 

march two years ago is credited by some 
with sparking a new sense of respon- 
sibility and collective purpose in many 
African-American communities. 

“I love it,” said a smiling Sheryl 
Bundle, as she looked over the crowd 
along Benjamin Franklin Parkway. 
“Pm so excited to see so many positive 
sisters. Everybody’s excited. Every- 
body is friendly.” 

Other women, however, said they 
were disappointed with an atmosphere 
that, in places, mare resembled an or- 
dinary street festival than the solemn 

spmtnal a wakening that was int ended. “I 
actually felt some animosity out here,” 
said Vealiice Blue, 19, who drove from 
Elizabeth, New Jersey, with two friends. 
"You can sense it from some of die 
women. It is a look that they give you. ” * 

While die event was called for black 
women, thousands of black men turned 
out for the march, often escorting then- 
wives, daughters or girlfriends. Men 
from the Nation of Islam provided se- 
curity for the speakers. 

The Million Woman March was the 

idea of Ms. Coney and Phile Chionesu, 
grass-roots activists from Philadelphia. 
Ms. Coney and Ms. Choinesu pot to- 
gether an event that spoke first to the 
needs of women locked in poor neigh- 
borhoods, where they watch too many 
of their men, children and neighbors fall 
victim to drugs, crime or prison. 

The organizers largely excluded 
mainstream groups, including sororities 
that are significant networking groups 
fra black women and many established 
civil rights groups. 

As was the case with the Million Man 
March, foe exact turnout for the Million 
Woman March is likely to be the subject 
of debate. City' officials pegged the 
gathering at anywhere from 300.000 to 
500,000 people, while speaker after 
speaker tola foe crowd that they 
numbered well over foe organizers’ goal 
of 1 million. 

One of foe speakers at the rally, Win- 
nie Madikizela-Mandela, former wife 
of President Nelson Mandela of South 
Africa, said, “We a re countless in 

Moderate Republican in a Squeeze 

• ■ Conservatives 9 Coolness Hampers New Jersey Governor’s Re-election Bid 

By Jennifer Preston 

Nm- York Tima Service 

i 1 ' 

TRENTON, New Jersey — After four 
■ 4 years as one of the most prominent mem- 

: i bers of the Republican Party’s moderate 
• • • wing, Govenux Christine Todd Whitman 
. is finding that her politics are teeatening 
to cost her some badly needed support for 
her re-election campaign among more 
- conservative members of her own party. 

With foe election just over a week 
: v away. Whitman campaign officials said 
they were deeply concerned that the 
.. state's Republican base wasuot firmly in 

i Whs. Whitman’s camp, particularly be- 
cause they are feeing a surprisingly 
n* s ' strong challenge from the Democratic 
nominee, state Senator Jim McGreevey. 

During Mrs. Whitman’s 1993 race 
-*■' * againstuovemor Jim Florio, conser- 

vative Republicans rallied around her 
campaign, offering volunteers and 
money. But in interviews over foe past 
week, leaders of various conservative 
groups across New Jersey said they 
were either actively working to defeat 
Mrs. Whitman or unable to generate 
much enthusiasm among their members 
for her c a n did ac y. 

Mrs. Whitman’s decision to veto leg- 
islation this year that would have 
banned certain late-term abortions has 
angered groups opposed to abortion 
rights; her derision to borrow $2.75 
billion for the state pension system has 
troubled fiscal conservatives, even 
though she has cut taxes, and leaders of 
groups opposed to gun control say that 
while they are not opposed to her can- 
didacy, they are finding it difficult to 
drum up support for her re-election. 

In her first term. Mrs. Whitman not 
rally opposed foe abortion ban but also 
did not act to weaken gun-control laws, 
nor did foe push fix school vouchers as an 
alternative to the public-school system. 

Although her moderate Republican 
positions reflect what pollsters describe 
as foe views of most New Jersey voters, 
tiie difficulties foe has faced in her 
campaign could s ign al difficulties for 
other moderate Republicans around the 
country, some strategists say. 

“In 1993, she became a symbol of 
what the Republican Party should be,” 
said Ralph Reed, foe former executive 
director of the Christian Coalition who is 
now a Republican consultant in Atlanta. 
“Now, she is becoming a model of how 
not to be a winning Republican, primarily 
because she has not reached out to build 
bridges to foe social conservatives.” 

■ Away From Politics 

• The U^. Air Force will issue a report this week that 
concludes, largely by process of elimination, that the pilot wbo 
flew his A-l 0 Thuretabolt 800 miles off course cm April 2 and 
crashed into a mountain in Colorado had made a suaoen 
• ^decision to commit suicide, a senior officer said. (NYl ) 

'\ m A jaguar escaped from a cage and kffied_a ^re snow 
leopara in anothS pen before officials at foe 
‘ Purchase Gardens and Zoo were able to recapture it (AT) 

. • A New York City police officer has been ^v^of 
shooting a man to death in a dispute over a delicatessrai 
parking space in a nearby suburb. The officer, RtehardD- 
SGugidTS; 32, an i i -year pohee veteran, 

- life in prison for second-degree murder, ^ 

; indifference to human life. His lawyer said he would appeal 

the conviction. ' ' 

' • A 12-year drive by Prince George’s C onnty , ltoylaad, 
: to pump almost $100 million wrath 
resources into a group of nearly 

■ lift their combined academic standing from 

count?s aventEC, an analysis of test scores foowefo Na- 
systtLtavefeiMrc mmaromidtor 

* troubled schools with similar spending plans. (WP/ 



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WASHINGTON — After a 20-month investigation, the 

panel that has led foe chief congressional inquiry into foe WASHINGTON — After being pmnmeled for weeks by 
illnesses of Guff Warveteinns will ask that the Defense g, e House over their pace in approving nominations, 

Department and the Department of Veterans Affairs be Senate Republicans have started movung quickly to confirm 
stripKl of then luthonty over the issue. a backlog of subcabinet-tevel officers. ambassadors and 

In its final report, the House Committee on Government judges. Hie Senate’s Republican majority leader, Trent 
Reform and Oversight said foe congressional investigation Lott insisted last week tiwl there had been no slowdown, 
showed that "a variety of toxic agents in foe Gulf War,” ^ ^ promised a rapid-fire scries of votes on admin- 

m’s Removal ^ Jn# 

Senate Speed-Up on Nominations 

including Iraqi chemical weapons and pesticides, woe isnation nominees in foe next few weeks, 
probably responsible fra the health problems reported by At foe same time, foe Senate Judiciary Committee has 
thousands of veterans. scheduled hearings to deal with as many as a dozen nora- 

The report, which is expected to be made public this inecs for judgeships. The White House recently mounted a 
week, says that foe Pentagon and the Depamnent of Vet- campaign to demonstrate that foe Republicans’ reluctance 
erans Affairs have so m i sh a n dl e d foe investigation of foe to approve judges had resulted in backlogs in courthouses 
veterans’ health problems that Congress should create or across the nation, affecting foe quality of justice. (NYT) 
designate an agency independent of them to coordinate 
research into the cause of the ailments. ^ 

“Sadly, when it comes to diagnosis, treatment and re- U fllOte / UTlQllOte 
search for Gulf War veterans, we find the federal gov- ^ 1 

emin ent too often has a tin ear, a cold heart and a closed Senator Joseph Biden Jr., Democrat of Delaware, telling 
mind,” said Representative Christopher Shays, Republican an audience- he was still puzzling over foe nomination of 

Quote / Unquote 

of Connecticut, who has overseen the House investigation. 

A copy of the report, which i& expected to have bipartisan 
support and to be approved by the committee in a vote this 
week, was obtained by The New York limes. 

Governor Bill Weld of Massachusetts as ambassador of 
Mexico, which was torpedoed by another Republican, Sen- 
ator Jesse Helms of North Carolina: “It was one of the most 
fascinating fights I’ve ever been engaged in. No one wanted 

The report will be released only days ahead of a separate him to be the ambassador, including him." 



Nicotine’s Cheering Squad 

They can talk in Washington all 
they like about deals between cig- 
arette makers and foe states, or new 
federal legislation to curb tobacco 
marketing and sales, or foe local laws 
that force smokers to huddle furtively 
on the street outside their office 
buildings. But in parts of the South- 
east. tobacco growing is still big busi- 
ness. In fact, at schools like David 
Crockett High School in Jonesboro, 
Tennessee, learning about tobacco — 
not avoiding is, but growing it — is 
part of the daily class load fra many 

Many families in northeastern 
Tennessee, where Crockett High is 
located, grow tobacco to supplement 
their income. Tobacco brought the 
state $225 million last year. 

Mike Garland, a Crockett teacher, 
says that half his students will be 
farmers. They know that their state 
has some of foe best tobacco-growing 
conditions anywhere — and that an 
acre’s worth of burley tobacco can 
fetch $4,000, more than 10 times 
what a farmer can get from com. 

Even the one-time federal subsi- 
dies being considered to entice to- 
bacco fanners to change crops are 
unlikely to work, many Tennesseeans 
say. The reason is simple, said 
Brandon Henley, a Crockett sopho- 
more who hates cigarette smoke but 
plans to grow tobacco: ‘ ‘There’s too 
many people who smoke and 

Short Takes 

The house in Litchfield, Con- 
necticut, where the author Harriet 
Beecher Stowe was born has been 
purchased for a symbolic $ 1 , to be 
moved and reopened as a museum. 
Her 1850 book, “Uncle Tom’s Cab- 
in, or Life Among foe Lowly , 1 * was a 
stirring anti-slavery tract that sold an 
astonishing 300.000 copies, mobil- 
izing opinion in the North against 
slavery while angering the South. 
President Abraham. Lincoln con- 
sidered it a prime factor in bringing 
on the Civil War, the nation's blood- 
iest conflict. The Stowe house, now 
in disrepair, will be opened at an 
undisclosed site after a renovation 
expected to cost $1.5 million. 

At a time when federal immi- 
gratloi) law has made even many 
legal immigrants feel unwanted, a 
look to foe town of Kohler, Wis- 
consin, is edifying. Walter Kohler 
Sr., who owned a bathroom fixture 

manufacturing company, believed 
his immigrant workers deserved “not 
only wages, but roses.” In 1918. he 
built a huge Tu dor-style dormitory, 
foe American Club, to provide them 
with clean, comfortable housing. His- 
toric Traveler magazine reports. 

Mr. Kohler hoped the pleasant liv- 
ing environment would encourage 
foreign-bom employees to become 
American citizens. The 203 bed- 
rooms were outfitted with the best of 
everything — especially bathroom 
fixtures. There was a bowling alley, a 
baseball league, a band and English 
classes. One day each spring, Mr. 
Kohler gave employees full pay and 
transportation to foe county court 
house to take foe citizenship oath. By 
1930, 700 had become citizens. By 
foe 1940s, however, foe club had out- 
lived its purpose. The company no 
longer needed to import workers, and 
there were other housing options. The 
club is now a luxury hotel. 

Another tiny patch of America 
without television service has been 
discovered and promptly invaded. 
Several gas stations in foe Seattle area 
have installed gas pumps equipped 
with small video screens where cus- 
tomers can watch the news or other 
programming during the seconds 
they spend filling their tanks. 

Brian Knowlton 

driver’s cock 



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The Mood Darkens as Haze Spreads Across 


By Seth Mydans 

New York Times Service 

KUALA LUMPUR — Tigers and 
elephants are fleeing the burning 
jungles. Birds are failing from the murky 
skies. Schoolchildren are feinting at 
their desks. Ships are colliding at sea. 

As a filthy haze from vast Indonesian 
forest fires continues to darken the sky 
across seven Southeast Asian nations, 
illness, ecological destruction and eco- 
nomic hardship are growing. 

After four months, the man-made 
fires, set on the heavily forested islands 
of Borneo and Sumatra to clear land for 
crops, are spreading rather than shrink- 
ing. And with Indonesia suffering its 
worst drought in 50 years — a result of 
El Nino weather disturbances — no one 
knows how many weeks or months it 
will be until the monsoon rains finally 
arrive to douse the fires. 

Smoke from the fires, mingling with 
urban pollution, has spread from In- 
donesia into Malaysia, the Philippines, 

Thailand, Brunei and Papua 
New Guinea. 

[A brief downpour brought tempon-Y 
relief to the smoky southern region of 
Indonesia's Kalimantan Province over 
die weekend, but meteorologists said 
that desperately needed rains around the 
country would not begin anytime soon, 
Agence France- Presse reported from 

[Thick smog from rampant forest and 
bush fires spread to more cities in In- 
donesia -on Sunday, Reuters reported. 
Meteorologists said the number of cities 
covered fry the smog had nearly doubled 
to 41 from 22 as of Sunday mornin g , 
while at least four airports were closed 
because of poor visibility.] 

The calamity coincides with the worst 
economic crisis to hit the region in many 
years, darkening people’s spirits even as 
it shortens their daylight hours. 

Like the economic slump, it could 
have been foreseen and perhaps pre- 
vented. In both cases, warnings were 
ignored because the money was just too 

good. With government officials and 
private businesses growing wealthy to- 
gether, the environment got short shrift 

As with the economic crisis, the gov- 
ernment response to the ecological dis- 
aster has been ineffectual and hampered 
by oMTUption. 

Well-connected palm oil plantation 
owners and pulp-and-paper companies 
in Indonesia have continued clearing 
land by burning off vast tracts of jungle, 
seemingly immune to laws or punish- 

Firefighting has been disorganized, 
and villagers in some of Indonesia's 
worst-hit areas say they have received 
little or no help. 

'The way the government is handling 
the forest fires simply shows its inability 
to face such crises.” Emmy Hafield, 
director of Indonesia's leading environ- 
mental group, said last week. "So far, 
the government's commitment is not 
wholehearted; it is only a token.’ ’ 

The immediate effects of the smog 
have been dramatic. Airports have closed 

and flights canceled around the region. 
Uncounted days of work have been lost 
as factories and mines have shut down 
and hundreds of thousands of people 
have fellen ill with respiratory ailments. 

Huge amounts of overseas investment 
are draining away as foreign business- 
men begin to avoid fee region and as 
tourism — a 526 billion industry in 
Southeast Asia — declines sharply. 

“The haze is not only a national dis- 
aster, it has become an international dis- 
aster for fee tourism industry/ ’ said Andi 
Mappi Sammeng, fee director general of 
Indonesia's Tourism Department . 

Smog has dimmed fee sun on beaches 
from Phuket m Thailand to fee east coast 
of Malaysia to the southern Philip 
Hotels, restaurants and retailers in 
pore complain of a fanmg tourist 

The longer-term costs are harder to 

The fires have borrowed deep into 

vast peat bogs and seams of coal, where 
experts say they, may continue to 
smolder for yeans. 

Dragnet in Colombo 


Environmentalists say that if the 
drought and fee forest fires continue for 
much longer, and resume again when the 
next fey season arrives in June, fee haze 
could be a continuing blight. 

Already it has affected agriculture, 
and food shortages and tiring prices are 
predicted. Reduced sunlight is slowing 
fee growth of fruits and vegetables and 
reducing -yields of com and rice. The 
smoke is tainting cocoa crops. Birds, 
bees insects have' disappeared in 
many areas, disrupting pollination. 

Indonesia is fee" world's leading pro- 
ducer of robusta coffee beans, largely 
used for instant coffee. It is fee world's 
second leading producer of cocoa and 

° f Huang Dam Started 

Hundreds of people are reported to ° 

have died from starvation, dysentery and 
influenza. Some doctors say there could 
be a severe long-term toll on health that 
may not show itself for years, partic- 
ularly among fee young, the old and 
people with respiratory problems. 

COLOMBO — Sri Lankan police- 
men have detained 40 suspected Tamil 
rebels out of some 1,000 people briefly 
held for questioning during a huge seal- 
ofi-and-search operation in fee. capital, ■ 
Colombo, officials said Sunday. 

The city was sealed off for. nearly 
eight hours Saturday while about 5,000 
security personnel and police officers; 
conducted a house-to-house search for' 
members of fee Liberation Tigers' of 
Tamil Eelam. 

"The operation was concluded suc- 
cessfully,” said Anuruddha Ratwarte, &• 
Defense Ministry official " ' _ - (AFP). 

Jiang Can Depart From the Script 

By Seth Faison 

New York Times Service 

BEIJING — When President Jiang 
Zemin of China wants to impress 
someone, often he breaks into song. 

At dinner with President Fidel Ramos 
in Manila last year, Mr. Jiang surprised 
fee Philippine president by showing that 
he knew fee words, in English, to ‘ 'Love 
Me Tender.” The two men sang a duet. 
Then Mr. Jiang sang “Swanee River” 
solo, saying afterward fear it was his 
favorite tune. 

Mr. Jiang, 71. lacks the charisma, 
style or authoritative manner that might 
be expected of the man who stands at the 
helm of fee world’s most populous na- 
tion and its fastest-growing economy. In 
public, he appears stiff and awkward, 
and prefers to follow a script 
But his penchant for unexpectedly 
displaying his artistic talents — Mir. Ji- 
ang also likes to play piano and recite 
poetry — points to an unpredictable, 
wacky side as well 
Mr.' Jiang set out Sunday on his first 
state visit to fee United States, a 
weeklong trip feat began in Hawaii. 
Billed as a milestone in U.S. -China re- 
lations, and fee most important visit by a 
Chinese leader since Deng Xiaoping 
went to America in 1979, the trip is also 
a chance for Mr. Jiang to introduce him- 
self on fee world stage now that he has 
consolidated power as China's leader. 

Mr. Jiang is often wooden in official 
gatherings. When he first met President 

Bill Clinton at a conference in Seattle in 
1993, he used up most of fee allotted 60 
minutes for their face-to-face meeting 
by reading from a prepared text. 

By limiting himself to restating po- 
sitions fear have already been worked 
out beforehand, Mr. Jiang suggests an 
unwillingness or a lack of authority, to 
make decisions on his own. Some 
Chinese officials say feat his eagerness 
to sing and play piano in public and 
private settings reflects a desire to show 
off and compensate for his political 

“Jiang has a deep desire to make 
everyone like him," said a Shanghai 
official who served under him when he 
was mayor of Shanghai in the 1980s. 

When Mr. Bang was named general 
secretary of the Communist Party in 
June 1989. the common view in Beijing 
was that' he was a lightweight and he 
would be lucky to last three years. 

In 1997, Mr. Jiang passed his eight- 
year mark, and succeeded Mr. Deng as 
China’s paramount leader when fee pat- 
riarch died in February. Mr. Jiang men 
presided over a smooth transition from 
British rule in Hong Kong and convened 
a Communist Party congress that, by and 
large, went his way. 

During those eight years, Mr. Jiang 
has successfully isolated and controlled 
several potential rivals, including former 
President Yang Shangkun and his broth- 
er. Yang Bathing, who woe building a 
powerful faction in fee army before Mr. 
Jiang neutralized them in 1992. 

It is hard, many Chinese officials ar- 
gue, to identify anything feat Mr. Jiang 
believes in or stands for. He likes to 
recite sections of fee Gettysburg Ad- 
dress and Declaration of Independence 
in English, yet here too he has appeared 
more interested in showing off his know- 
ledge of such texts than in expressing 
any serious opinion about them. 

Bran near Shanghai to an educated 
family, Mr. Jiang was taken into fee care 
of an uncle who was later said to have 
died as a “revolutionary martyr” wife 
the Communist army, where a network 
of revolutionary veterans wouldprove 
instrumental in promoting Mr. Jung's 

As an engineering student in Shang- 
hai in fee years just prior to the Com- 
munist-led revolution in 1949. Mr. Jiang 
was exposed to popular Western music, 
fairing a particular, liking to Benny 

After fee Communist takeover, Mr. 
Jiang first worked in mid-level man- 
agement jobs at a soap factory in Shang- 
hai a sign that Mr. Jiang was unlikely to 
have played a significant role in fee 
Communist underground, which gener- 
ally rewarded its volunteers wife im- 
portant jobs after the revolution. 

Wang Daohan, a comrade of Mr. Ji- 
ang’s stepfather, helped Mr. Jiang win 
fee prestigious job Of mayor of Shan ghai 
in 1985, where he mastered fee art of 
tending to the elder men who ruled 
China and who traditionally came to 
S hanghai for part of the winter. 

Damn WbhendcSUnM 

King Sihanouk and Queen Monin eath bidding farewell to Cam- 
bodia as they boarded a plane for Beijing, where he will be treated. 

Hun Sen Reaffirms Leadership of Party 

hf the Staff Fm* Dispadta 

PHNOM PENH — Hun Sen’s 
Cambodian People's Party held a 
meeting over fee weekend to discuss 
strategy in preparation for elections 
scheduled for May. 

Despite growing dissatisfaction 
wife Mr. Hun Sen since he deposed 
fee first prime minis ter. Prince Noro- 
dom Ranariddh, in a coup tins sum- 
mer, observers said it was unlikely the 

party would change leadership. 

Party insiders say the way to guar- 
antee victory in 1998 is for fee party to 
stay united, and Mr. Hun Sen indi- 
cated that he would stay in control 

The meeting came as King Noro- 
dom Sihanouk bid farewell to Cam- 
bodia for possibly fee last time. He 
flew to C hina on Saturday for medical 
treatment. He said he did not know if 
he would ever return. (AP, AFP) 

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BEIJING — China on Sunday began 
to block the Huang River, known as 
China’s sorrow for its catastrophic* 
floods throughout history feat -have™ 
claimed millions of lives. 

The $4.17 billion Xiaolangdi dam and 
water control project in central Henan 
Province is among fee most technically 
complicated that Ch i n a has ever ua>. 
dertaken, involving an intricate network 
of tunnels threading through the river's 
banks. (Reuters) 

New Bangkok Protests ■ 

BANGKOK — More anti-govern- 
ment demonstrations took place Sunday 
in Bangkok, and protest leaders vowed 
daily pressure for the resignation of 
Prime Minister Chaovalit Yongchaiyut jf 
despite a major cabinet reshuffle. T/ 

About 300 -business people and de- 
mocracy activists protested Sunday in u 
fee Sanam Luang ceremonial park, and 
about 100 students rallied outside Gov- 
ernment House, Thai radio and the po- 
lice reported. 

Fourteen new ministers, including 10 
who were not members of Parliament, 
were sworn in Saturday in a bid to revive 
Mr. Chavalit’s administration, which 1 
has been fee target of daily protests since 
the resignation of fee finance minister 
last week. (AFP)-. 

Malay Law Assailed 

KUALA LUMPUR — Opposition/* 
politicians and activists held a demon- : £ 
stcation Sunday near a detention camp in 
the northern state of Perak, calling for 
the abolishment of fee Internal Security 

* 'We urge the Malaysian government 
to totally repeal the powerful law which 
allows authorities to detain individuals 
without trial", said Sivarasa Rasiafc, a 
spokesman for the organizers. He said 
200 people took part (AFP) j 

MIDWEST: In America’s Heartland, Many People See China as a Land of Economic Opportunity 

Continued from Page X 

country in corporate planning and 
household budgets, from classroom 
lectures to barroom commentary. 

Just 10 years ago, Midwesterners 
from several states said in inter- 
views, China meant little more than 
chow mein, the local Chinese 
takeout joint and dog-eared stories 
by Pearl S. Buck. But today, C hina 
is impinging on American lives as 
never before. Americans hike in 
Chinese-made shoes, ear on 
Chinese-made plates, play wife 
Chinese-made toys, sleep in 
Chinese-made pajamas. Crop prices 
rise and fall because of Chinese 
decisions .• Pens io ners depend in part 
on China’s economic success for 
their monthly checks. 

“China has permeated down to 
small-town America,” says Derek 
Park, the president of PMS Foods 
Inc., a soybean processor located 
behind the country’s second-largest 
gram elevator in Hutchinson, a town 
of 40,000 in central Kansas. 

“And that is a tremendous 
change. We run stories about it in 
the local newspaper, we talk about it 
at the Chamber of Commerce. The 
Chinese send delegations all over 
Kansas. Shoot, 10 years ago folks 

here didn’t know anything about 
foreign countries. Now, folks here 
are curious. And they’re most curi- 
ous about China.” 

In the Midwest, many said they 
were unaware of the Washington 
summit, set for Wednesday, and even 
fewer recognized President Jiang 
Zemin of China by name. Mr. Jiang, 
who arrived in Honolulu on Sunday, 
has bypassed the Midwest on a one- 
week tour of U.S. cities despite the 
urgings of the State Department. But 
many people here expressed interest 
in U.S.-Cnina ties, and only a few 
people seemed to share fee view in 
some Washington circles that China 
is a potential menace. 

It is not hard to find concern here 
about China’s poor human rights 
record, and many in this deeply re- 
ligions region oppose China’s 
policies that limit fee freedom of 
belief. Businesspeople are wary of 
China’s corruption, and several 
have returned from trips there with 
colorful tales of malfeasance. In all ' 
however, the impression Midwest- 
erners recounted was favorable. 

China does not seem to be in- 
heriting the ill will that Japan in- 
spired when, two decades ago, it 
began to have an influence on the 
U.S. economy. Nor, despite fee ef- 

forts of a vocal anti-China lobby, has 
China acquired die deeply menacing 
aspect of fee old Soviet Union. 

The closeness and complexity in 
U.S.-China ties can be illustrated by 
a few figures. 

During the first seven months of 
this year, Chinese exports to the 
U.S-.rose 26 percent, to $27 billion. 
China exports more clothes, shoes 
and toys to the United States than 
any other country. U.S. exports to 
China rose just 0.3 percent over fee 
same period, to $5.8 billion. The 
U.S. trade deficit wife. China is ex- 
pected to reach $44 billion this year, 
second only to that wife Japan. 

Kansas last year exported $53 
million worth of goods to China, 37. 
percent more than in 1994, mir- 
roring strong upsurges from other 
midwestem states. One big growth 
area has been food, especially 
grains, as the Chinese move to a 
meat-rich diet that requires meal for 
their hogs, cattle and chickens. 

But Kansas has also been ex- 
porting machinery, tike boilers and 
energy equipment 

Hoping to acquire an edge in se- 
curing business in China, the state of 
Kansas 10 months ago hired a recent 
Chinese immigrant and Ameri- 
can business school graduate, Al- 

bert Liu. to promote China trade. 

.“I consider myself a Kansan,” 
said Mr. I iu, a father of two who has 
recently moved to Topeka wife bis 
Chinese wife. Mr. Liu said he had 
taken to Kansas because, when 
growing up in China, he loved “The 
Wizard of Oz” and “Little House 
on fee Prairie.” 

“This is'the land of Oz and even 
Oz cares about China,” he said wife 
a smile. 

ican investment firm to buy Mag-, 
oaquench Co. in Anderson, Indiana,- 
from General Motors Crap, for a 
reported $70 million. The company* 
makes industrial magnets for com-' 
puters, automobiles and, potentially, ■ 
military equipment, said Archibald 
Cox Jr., fee company president. 

“Hell, yes!” exclaimed Clyde 
South, a negotiator for United Auto 
Workers Local 662, which repre- 
sents plant workers, when asked if. 

uuut,. aaus plain. wuiiLCia, wuen asicea nr 

Part of Mr. Liu’s job is to cn- he had opposed the sale. “I went tajf 
courage Kansas firms to invest in Washington to try to talk to fee 
China. In 1996, American conxpa- government into stopping it, but we 
nies invested $2.8 billion in China, didn’t get it stopped.” 
according to the Commerce Depart- Mr. South said his big problem! 

meat, a 42 percent increase since 
1994. In addition, a growing amount 
of pension money has poured into 
investment funds active in China. 

Asked if that meant milli ons of 
retired Americans now counted in 
part on China's economic success 
for their monthly check, Ian Wilson, 
fee editor of MicropaTs Emerging 
Market Fund Monitor, replied, 

By comparison with fee volume 
of trade, direct Chinese investment 
in the United States is relatively 
smalL But it too is growing. 

On Oct. l, 1995, two Chinese 
companies teamed up wife an Amer- 

was not politics, or weapons or oth- 
er Washington-related concerns. He . 
was worried about jobs. Union 1 
members feared fee Chinese would, 
buy the plant, close it and ship the 
equipment home. 

“Some people were concerned, 
about woridng for Communists, but 
let me assure yon these people aren’t 
Communists,” he said. “They are 
ca p i t alis ts of the first order. They 
understand malting money. ; Ja 

“Anyway, not everybody fromflp 
China is Co mmunis t it just so hap- 
pens fee government is. We’ve got 
our share of commies in the United 
States, just not as many as them.” : 

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India and Pakistan Vow 
To Restart Negotiations 

ing in Islamabad in June, the 
two sides, set an eight-point 
agenda, including peace and 
security, Kashmir and con- 
fidence-building measures. 

“The two sides have agreed 
to address all issues listed in 
the joint statement” from fee 
June talks. The Times of India 
quoted a press statement as , 
saying., ‘ ‘They actively agreed! 
to continue discussions in this ■ 
regard through diplomatic 
channel s .* 1 

The meeting on Saturday 
between fee two foreign sec- 
retaries followed a 75-minute 
breakfast session between 
Prime Minister Inder Kumar 
Gujral of India and Prime 
Minister Nawaz Sharif of 
Pakistan, at which the Kash- 
mir issue was discussed. 

In a BBC television inter- 
view Saturday, Mr. Gujral 
said his meeting with Mr. 
Sharif had been a success. 

“I am a very 'stout opti- 
mist,’’ he said, adding. “One 
thing Is very clear and that is 
fee foot feat both- the prime 
minister of Pakistan ana my- 
self want to sort things out — % 
Kashmir being one of them.” 

Mr. Sham ’described -fee 
meeting as a “ma jor step for- 
ward.” (AFP, Reuters) 

NEW DELHI — India and 
Pakistan have promised to re- 
sume as soon as possible their 
talks aimed at resolving dis- 
putes over Kashmir and other 
issues, reports said Sunday. 

The foreign secretaries of 
the two rivals met in Edin- 
burgh on the sidelines of fee 
Commonwealth summit 
raee ting and agreed to start a 
new, official dialogue as soon 
™ possible. Talks between 
fee two countries ended in 
deadlock in- September. ■ 
Newspapers in New Delhi 
said that fee Indian foreign 
secretary, K_ Raghnnafe, and 
his Pakistani counterpart 
Shamshad Ahmed, had 
agreed to address all is- 
sues” including Kashmir. 

Of the three wars between 

in 1947, two 
over Kashmir. 


have been 

New Delhi says fee HimaJayl 
an territory is an integral part 
of India, while Islamabad 
wants a UN-brokered refer- 
endum to decide the future of 
toe MusUm-majority state. 

Talks between India and 
Pakistan resumed in March 

aftera fcree-year freeze on 
official relations. At a meet- 


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>EU Fails to Reach Agreement on Welcoming New Members 


By Barry James 

hiienumt.nal HcruU Tribune 

tout? — Governments agree thalVhe 
European Union must take in the forte 
Communist nations of Eastern and Cen- . 
tral Europe, but foreign ministers meet- 
ing here over the weekend could not 
find a way to handle that potentially 
turbulent and costly process. * 

They have only a few weeks to fash- 
ion guidelines for heads of state and 
government, who will meet in Lux- 
embourg in mid- December to decide 
winch countries to invite into the 15 - 
naiion union, and on what basis. 

Eleven countries are waiting for an 
invitation. The European Commission, 
the EU s executive, says that on ob- 
jective economic and political grounds 
only six — Lhe Czech Republic, Estonia, 
‘\Hungary, Poland, Slovenia and Cyprus 
■v— have a chance of qualifying for mem- 
bership within the next four or five 

But some governments are arguing 
that to admit some, while excluding 
Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Rumania 
and Slovakia would be to cast dan- 
gerous new economic and political di- 
visions across the face of Europe. 

Looming over the whole process is 
the question of what to do about Tur- 

For the past quarter of a century, 
Turkey has been trying to get into tie 
European trade bloc, and has achieved a 
comprehensive, association agreement 

Last month. Prime Minister Mesut 
Yilmaz of Turkey started a concerted 
campaign in European capitals to drum 
up support for his country to be accepted 
as a EU candidate. 

But many European governments 
have never, for' complex historical and 
geographical reasons, considered Tur- 
key, which is mostly in Asia, to be part 
of Europe. 

TYutey’s bleak human-rights record, 
its war against the Kurds and its oc- 

cupation of northern Cyprus in defiance 
of Uoited Nations resolutions are also 

among the reasons why Turkey still may 
have a long way to go before being 
accepted as a candidate for EU mem- 

The European Commission says it 
would like to negotiate entry for the 
whole of Cyprus, but will proceed with 
negotiations with the Greek Cypriot gov- 
ernment if it does not get cooperation 
from the Turks. Officials said to delay 
negotiations on Cyprus because of pres- 
sure from Turkey could be seen as tacit 
acceptance of the illegal occupation. 

Jacques Poos, the foreign minister of 
Luxembourg, who chaired the meeting 
here, said that the EU will send three 
missions to Tutkey in November to dis- 
cuss these issues. 

The EU, meanwhile, remains divided 
on whether to invite Turkey to a stand- 
ing conference of candidate nations that 
will be set up next year. 

The Italian foreign minister, Lam- 
berto Dini, said Greece was adamantly 

opposed to allowing Turkey into the 
European Union, and the German for- 
eign minister, Klaus Kinkel, said his 
government would oppose Turkish 
membership until the country solved its 
human-rights problems. 

All 1 1 potential members will be in- 
vited to the standing conference, and ail 
of them will share in 70 billion European 
currency units ($63 billion) of aid that the 
EU will mak e available for the candidate 
nations between 2000 and 2006. 

But Mr. Poos said that- the European 
Union would deal individually with 
each nation, meaning that those that 
most quickly adapt their economic, 
political and legal systems to EU stan- 
dards will be the first to enter. 

Without giving details. Mr. Poos said 
ministers will explore possible “inter- 
mediate ways” between the European 
Commission's recommendation that ac- 
cession negotiations be opened with 
only six countries, and the view of Den- 
mark, Sweden and Greece chat the ne- 
gotiations should simultaneously be 

opened with all candidates to avoid cre- 
ating divisions. 

Proponents of the latter approach, 
however, say they recognize that they 
have a problem with Slovakia, where 
the government is seen as demagogic 
and undemocratic. 

The view that negotiations should 
simultaneously begin with all the can- 
didates is not universally shared in East- 
ern and Central Europe. The Hungarian 
prime minister, Gyula Horn, has argued 
that this would be' unfair to those coun- 
tries that have made the greatest efforts 
to bring their economics and political 
systems up to EU standards, while re- 
moving incentives for the laggards to 
cany out the necessary reforms. 

Prime Minister Janez Dmovsek of 
Slovenia said he could understand the 
frustration of countries excluded from 
the first round of negotiations, but added 
that he would have a hard time ex- 
plaining to his people why they should 
wait for membership until the rest calch 

Ulster Enjoys the Calm 

Peace Talks Bring Cautious Optimism 

By James F. Clarity 

Nr*- York Times Service 

“Hope is a fragile emotion. Acceptance 
yf change will depend on 

' y BELFAST — After 28 years of sec- 


tarian violence in Northern Ireland, 
peace is quietly settling across this Brit- 
ish province. 

The violence — between Roman 
Catholic republicans who want an end 
to British rule and Protestant unionists 
who want Northern Ireland to remain 
pan of Britain — slopped three months 
ago, when the Irish Republican Army 
renewed a cease-fire. More than 3,200 
people have been killed in the conflict in 
Northern Ireland since 1969. 

The July 20 cease-fire cleared the 
way for the IRA's political wing, Sinn 
Fein, to enter formal peace talks here 
with most of the other political parties 
and the British and Irish governments. 
To the cautious relief of officials and 
residents. Protestant and Catholic polit- 
ical leaders are now in their second week 
' of discussing the contentious issues that 
have divided their communities. 

“The war is over," said Mari 
Fitzduff, director of the Initiative cm 
Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity, a 
privately funded peace group. 

"It’s just the compromises that are 
going to take some time.” 

* ‘The anger that stimulated the war in 
the first place is significantly dimin- 
ished,” she added, referring to. the 
grievances of Northern Ireland’s Cath- 
olic minority- against Protestant local 
officials and the British government 
"Most of the inequalities have been 
.dealt with, and Catholic children feel 
they can gain a place in the sun.” 

People are taking heart from the fact 
that Sinn Fein and the Ulster Unionist 
Party, the largest political organization 
in the province, are sitting at the same 
negotiating table. But there are many 
extremely difficult issues on the table, 
and a new outbreak of violence could 
cause the talks to collapse. So people in 
Northern Ireland have their fingers 
•♦crossed in hope, and are waiting to see if 

permanent peace is really coming. 

The streets of Belfast are now of- 
ficially considered safe enough, phys- 
ically and politically, fora visit scheduled 
for Ocl 3 1 by Hillaiy Rodham Clinton. 

The chairman of the talks. Geotge 
Mitchell, a former U.S. senator who has 
been involved in the peace effort for two 
and a half years, said that for Lhe first 
rime in Northern Ireland’s history, 
“there are now serious, responsible, 
regular, daily talks." He added, “That’s 
the stuff of negotiations. I've been very 
much encouraged.” 

Liz O'Donnell, the Irish deputy for- 
eign minister, said: “It's quite exciting, 
•ffhings are going at a steady pace ever y- 
•Jfody is anxious to sustain.” 

Not all Northern Irish are so san- 
guine. The leader of the Protestant 
Church of Ireland, Archbishop Robin 
' Tuesday: 

or rejection ol 
the altitude' of confidence or a* lack of 
confidence of people at the grass roots. 
If that attitude is to be one of never- 
ending suspicion and mistrust, nothing 
will be gained.” 

David McKittrick, author of several 
books on Northern Ireland, said: 
‘ ‘There's an awful lot of haired out there. 
The talks are not driven by reconciliation 
and holding of hands, but by the fact that 
people don’t tike each other.” 

He also pointed out that plausible re- 
cent reports have said that some officials 
of the IRA — which has not permanently 
renounced violence — are unhappy with 
the pace of die negotiations. 

The most difficult issue, die disarm- 
ament of the IRA and Protestant para- 
military groups, has been laid aside for 
now. The subjects under discussion in- 
clude a perennial demand of Sinn Fein 
and die IRA: a united Ireland free of 
British control, run from Dublin, the cap- 
ital of the overwhelmingly Catholic Irish 
Republic. That concept is an abomin- 
ation to Protestant unionist leaders. 

The Irish and British governments 
have both stated that there will be no 
change in the political status of Northern 
Ireland without die consent of the ma- 
jority, which will probably remain Prot- 
estant well into the new century. More 
likely would be agreernent_pn the cre- 
ation of cross-border commissions, made 
up of officials from Northern Ireland and 
; the Irish Republic, that might administer 
such matters as fisheries or tourism. 

But achieving this would still be a 


FLOCKING TO THE CAPITAL — Thousands of sheep passing through the streets of Madrid on Sunday 
as part of a demonstration by Spanish shepherds in support of the right to use ancient transhum ance routes. 

challenge, as Protestants have said they 
will fight any institutions that seem to 
erode British sovereignty. 

A related issue is the Irish Republic’s 
constitutional claim of sovereignty over 
the North, which was broken off from 
what is now the Irish Republic 75 years 
ago. Last week Foreign Minister David 
Andrews of Ireland tried to explain his 

g overnment’s policy on this issue: that 

te republic would modify its claim of 
sovereignty as part of an overall agree- 
ment on the North’s future and would 
put this change to a referendum. The 

Ulster Unionists temporarily walked 
out, disputing Ireland’s seriousness in 
submitting thus for negotiation. 

“Nobody wants die final compromise 
to come too quickly,” said Ms. Fitzduff, 
the peace group director, "because it’s 
the end of the dream for both sides. It 
will have to be a perforated border as 
opposed to a united Ireland. And uni- 
onists will have to abandon dreams of 
unity forever with the motherland.” 

As for the republicans’ goal of a united 
Ireland, she added: “Sinn Fein will sell 
the compromise cm the basis of its being 

a transitional agreement. People really 
are quite weary of the war.” 

■ Booby-Trapped Car Kills Driver 

A booby-trap bomb killed the driver of 
a car in a Protestant area of Northern 
Ireland on Saturday, but officials said the 
attack did not appear to be part of the 
province’s long-running Protestant- 
CathoJic strife. Reuters reported. Sources 
said the bombing, on the Kilcooley hous- 

ing project in the town of Bangor, might 


have been linked to crime or to riv 
between Protestant factions, 

Truckers in France 
Threaten to Strike 

BAYONNE. France — Trackers 
in southwest France handed out 
leaflets ahead of a planned nation- 
wide strike beginning next Manilas 
as talks with management hogged 
down one year after a crippling 

Talks arc to resume in Paris on 
Tuesday between unions, trucking 
companies and the Transport Min- 
istry on fulfilling an agreement that 
ended last year's strike. Unions 
threaten a walkout unless the meet- 
ing is successful. 

"Everything’s ready for the 
roadblocks,” said Roger Polclii, 
secretary general of the Workers 
Force-Transport union, among the 
country 's leading unions demand- 
ing immediate 5-to- 7- percent 
raises for the truckers. i . I/ 1 : 

Poll Says Jospin 
Is Not So Popular 

PARIS — Voter discontent u ith 
Prime Minister Lionel Jospin is 
rising, and the Socialist is almost 
□eck-and-ncek with President 
Jacques Chirac.;! poll showed Sun- 

Mr. Jospin is still more popular 
than Mr. Chirac, with 4^ percent 
support compared with 45 percent 
for the president who called the 
snap parliamentary election in June 
that the left unexpectedly won. ac- 
cording to the I FOP poll for die 
Journal du Dimnnche new -.paper. 

But the level ol discontent w ith 
Mr. Jospin has risen simply. from 
31 percent in September to -JO jvr- 
cent in October. Mi. Chirac fared 
slightly better, with \oier dissat- 
isfaction rising from 3b to 4 1 per- 
cent. (Rati \r.\i 

Kohl Defends 

Picking Schaeuble 

MAGDEBURG. Germany — 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl on’ Sun- 
day defended his decision to nom- 
inate Wolfgang Schaeuble. the par- 
liamentary leader of the governing 
Christian Democratic Union, a-, his 
designated successor. 

Speaking to a rally of the youth 
wing of the Christian Democrats. 
Mr. Kohl said he understood the 
criticism from within the three - 

party coalition for publicly slating 
for the first time that he wanted Mr. 

Schaeuble to succeed him us chan- 
cellor. Mr. Kohl. 67. said: "Bui I 
still consider it to be the right thing. 
Schaeuble is a man who truly de- 
serves to be chancellor." t Renters i 

Its Troops Still in Iraq, Turkey Is Caught Up in Kurdish Infighting 

By Kelly Couturier 

Washington Post Sen-ice 

Eamcs, said in a speech 

ANKARA — The Turkish military, 
determined to crush Kurdish separatists, 
has deepened and prolonged its involve- 
ment in northern Iraq, in the process 
taking a role in the continual infighting 
among Iraqi Kurds. 

Turkish officials dismissed news re- 
ports that the army had set up a full-time 
' security zone inside Iraq, tike the strip of 
southern Lebanon that Israel occupies. 

But Western sources said Turkish 
troops bad maintained a presence across 
the border since May, with troop es- 
timates varying between several hun- 
dred and tens of thousands during of- 

In May, Turkey began a major of- 
fensive against rear bases of the sep- 
aratist Kurdish Workers Party, a Syrian- 
based guerrilla organization that has 
waged an armed insurgency in south- 
eastern Turkey since 1984. 

Since then, Turkey has allied itself 

with the Kurdistan Democratic Party, an 
Iraqi Kurdish group led by Massoud 
Barzani, which controls the bonier. 

Together, Turkish troops and Mr. 
Barzani 's group have worked against 
the Kurdish Workers Party, which for 
years has used bases in the Iraqi border 
region to stage attacks into Turkey. 

Turkish and Western sources say 
Ankara has no plans to keep its troops 
permanently stationed in Iraq. Ins teal, 
Turkey plans to supply Mr. Barzani’s 
Iraqi faction with weapons and cash to 
be used to repopulate villages along the 
border and create a village guard system 
that would work to keep the region clear 
of the Kurdish Workers Party, the 
sources said. 

Turkish efforts over the years to keep 
the Kurdish Workers Party our of Kurd- 
ish-beld northern Iraq have failed, with 
many rebels fleeing cross-border Turk- 
ish. assaults and eventually filtering 
back into the area. But the government 
in Ankara appears convinced that clear- 
ing northern Iraq of Kurdish Workers 

Party rebels is the key to ending the 
Ins urgency, in which more than 26,000 
people have died. 

As a result, Turkey has increasingly 
asserted its right, as a matter of national 
security, to operate in northern Iraq, 
despite harsh criticism from Syria and 
Iran as well as from Iraq, which has been 
denied authority over die Kurdish en- 
clave by U.S.-led air patrols enforcing a 
“no-fly” zone. 

Tin-key's recent alliance with Mr. 
Barzani ’s group led a Western source to 
say that conditions in northern Iraq were 
“moving closer to the situation in 
southern Lebanon," where Israel has 
engaged a local militia in its efforts to 
counter attacks from anti- Israeli 
Hezbollah forces. 

Another Turkish analyst disagreed, 
saying that neither Baghdad, which still 
wields influence in the Kurdish enclave 
despite the no-fly zone, nor Mr. Bar- 
zani’s group would allow a southern 
Lebanon- type situation to emerge. 

The status of Turkey ’s presence in the 

area is difficult to discern since the 
military has barred journalists from the 
zone since May. 

Ankara’s hopes that its alliance with 
Mr. Barzani would produce a more ef- 
fective effort against the Kurdish Work- 
ers Party have been complicated by the 
renewal of fighting on Oct. 12 between 
Mr. Barzani’s Kurdistan Democratic 
Part}' and the rival Patriotic Union of 
Kurdistan led by Jalal Talabani. 

The two groups have administered 
the Kurdish enclave in northern Iraq 
since the no-fly zone was set up by the 
allies after the 1991 Gulf War to protect 
the population from President Saddam 
Hussein of Iraq. 

The two Kurdish groups have clashed 
intermittently since 1994. and they re- 
sumed fighting two weeks ago. break- 
ing a U.S. -brokered yearlong cease- 

Now Turkey, which over the past 
week and a half has bombed what it says 
are Kurdish Workers Party positions and 
what Mr. Talabani says are his group’s 

positions, is being accused of taking 
sides in The Iraqi Kurdish infighting. 

Turkish and Western sources say. the 
Kurdish Workers Party is collaborating 
with Mr. Talabani ’s faction in the latest 
Turkish offensive, creating huge dif- 
ficulties for the Ankara government, 
which had been working wirh the 
United States and Britain to broker a 
peace agreement between the rival Iraqi 
Kurdish groups. 

After the bombing raids Thursday in 
northern Iraq, a spokesman for Mr. 
Talabani told the Reuters news agency 
that "essentially, the Turks have turned 
from a sponsor of the peace process to a 
party to the conflict." 

The Turkish Foreign ; Ministry re- 
peated that the Turkish air raids were 
targeting Kurdish Workers Party po- 
sitions and denied that Turkey was tak- 
ing sides in the Iraqi-Kurdish fighting. 

Ankara, a ministry spokesman said, 
remains committed to promoting peace 
among Iraqi Kurds to bring stability and 
security to die region. 

jit uihI 



SINCE 10 81 









Working With China 

President Jiang Zemin of China ar- 
rived in the United States Sunday for 
the first state visit by a Chinese leader 
since the 1 989 massacre at Tiananmen 
Square. The long gap between high- 
level meetings inevitably imbues this 
week's events with significance. What 
is important is not to burden the meet- 
ings also with undue expectations. 

Mr. Jiang and President Bill Clinton 
meet at a time when there is no short- 
age of sources of friction between the 
world's lone superpower and its most 
rapidly emerging potential rival. 
China’s relatively closed markets con- 
tribute to a growing U.S. trade deficit, 
likely to hit $50 billion this year — 
second only to the U.S. deficit with 
Japan. China continues to arouse sus- 
picions with its supplying of missiles, 
chemicals and other weapon compon- 
ents to what the United States rea- 
sonably enough considers rogue re- 
gimes. Its episodic bullying of Taiwan, 
its continuing brutalization of Tibet 
and its uncertain intentions toward 
Hong Kong all command attention. 
Allegations of illegal Chinese inter- 
ference in U.S. domestic politics still 
are being investigated. Mr. Jiang’s re- 
gime continues to stifle religious and 
political freedom. And there is a long- 
term question of whether the emerging 
Chinese supeipower, led as ever by a 
Communist dictatorship, is gathering 
strength in order to challenge both 
America’s standing in Asia and the 
world and the democratic values 
Americans associate with their world 

It's quite a list But President Clin- 
ton, after a journey of many way sta- 
tions, has formulated a policy that ar- 
gues for continued engagement despite 
these tensions. It's a policy that ac- 
knowledges the long-term risks, but 
also argues that China could evolve 
differently — as a cooperative super- 
power with a gradually liberalizing 
political system. The choice is China's, 
Mr. Clinton argues, but the United 
States should do what it can to en- 
courage a favorable outcome. That calls 
for dealing frankly on issues such as 
trade and human rights without making 
any single issue a litmus test or a basis 
for cutting off contact. It also calls for 
promoting cooperation in areas where 

the two nations may share interests, 
such as promoting stability in Korea. 

This is a policy of some coherence, 
and Mr. Clinton has enhanced its cred- 
ibility in die past couple of years by 
firmly pursuing another aspect of it, 
less spoken of but equally important: 
the maintenance of a strong U.S. pres- 
ence in Asia. By sending aircraft car- 
riers to the Taiwan Strait when they 
were needed, by strengthening this 
year the U.S. -Japan security alliance, 
by firmly supporting South Korea and 
in other ways, the United States re- 
assures China's neighbors in Asia — 
and reminds China — that the United 
States intends to counterbalance 
China’s growing strength, now and in 
the tore. 

Still, the administration’s zigzag 
course to its current policy and sus- 
picions of its susceptibility to pressure 
from commercial interests will con- 
tinue to provoke anxiety about its abil- 
ity to maintain a steadfast policy of 
engagement without appeasement. The 
mythical lure of the Chinese market has 
clouded more than one policymaker's 
vision, and most Americans will recoil 
if Mr. Clinton does not accord sufficient 
weight to the thousands of prisoners of 
conscience suffering in Mr. Jiang’s gu- 
lag today. Thus, if Mr. Clinton uses the 
occasion of the summit meeting to cer- 
tify, as expected, that China now is 
meeting its obligations not to promote 
the spread of nuclear weapons and so 
may purchase U.S.-made nuclear re- 
actors, his evidence will be judged cau- 
tiously. The administration is collect 
that China has cornea long way from its 
days as a proud and avowal prolifcrator 
to its current status as signatory of non- 
proliferation and test-ban treaties. But 
Congress will be correct to examine the 
substance of C hina ’s new promises and 
its recent record. 

For the most part, the administration 
rightly has avoided what national se- 
curity adviser Sandy Berger calls the 
“trap” of big-power summitry: the 
pressure to sign agreements, even ill- 
considered ones, so the summit will be 
judged a success. It will be more dif- 
ficult, but just as important, to avoid that 
trap as the two presidents make plans 
for a Clinton visit to China next year. 


Turkey and the Kurds 

Efforts to take political advantage of 
political prisoners are an old story. Die 
current case in Washington involves 
Leyla Zana, an internationally known 
advocate of self-determination, or 
statehood, for Kurds in Turkey. Elected 
lo the Turkish Parliament in 1991, she 
was sentenced three years later to 15 
years in prison for separatism and pro- 
moting the destruction of Turkey’s ter- 
ritorial integrity. She is 36, the mother 
of two, articulate, courageous and cul- 
turally at home in a Western setting. A 
campaign to free her is on now. 

There seems little doubt that Ms. 
Zana is a separatist: That is what her 
bold advocacy of Kurdish self-deter- 
mination is about Kurds, who also live 
in Iraq. Iran and Syria, pose achallenge 
to all of their hosts but nowhere so 
keenly as in Turkey, where a no-holds- 
harred war is being waged by Turkish 
armed forces and the avowedly sep- 
aratist Kurdish Workers Party, or 
PKK. TheTurits identify the PKK as a 
terrorist organization; on this point the 
last three American presidents have 
agreed with their NATO ally. 

For the Turkish authorities, a seam- 
less web connects Kurdish political ad- 
vocates to military rebels to outright 
terrorists. In the official view, separ- 
atism and terrorism are synonyms, and 

Ms. Zana is, if not a terrorist, then 
someone who “serves the agenda of a 
terrorist organization.” But this goes 
way too far. The parliamentarian and 
the PKK may share an agenda of Kurd- 
ish self-deterrainationL But the one ap- 
proaches if politically and the other by 
violence. In a democracy, which Tur- 
key professes to be, this is a crucial 
difference. A democracy worthy of the 
name cannot simply categorize its polit- 
ical opponents as criminals, jail them 
and refuse to discuss their grievances. 

The current and recent Turkish gov- 
ernments have put the very great prob- 
lem of the Kurds in the tends of a 
Turkish military often insensitive to 
human rights. Earlier leaders, includ- 
ing Turgut Ozal, bad hinted at a ci- 
vilian solution. It is a fair question 
whether the rush of military events 
may not have diminished the possi- 
bility of political compromise between 
the side insisting on Turkey's unbreak- 
able territorial integrity and the side 
demanding full Kurdish sovereignty. 
Remote as it may be. however, a 
middle way dealing with cultural and 
economic rights as well as political 
ones offers the only practical altern- 
ative to permanent conflict. Politicians 
like Leyla Zana could yet have a role. 


Privacy Code 

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control 
and Prevention mokes a good case for 
mandatory reporting of all cases of HIV 
infection. Bui any reporting plan must 
protect the privacy of infected indi- 
viduals. Although every state requires 
that AIDS cases be reported to health 
authorities, only 26 states collect such 
data on individuals Infected with HIV 
who have not yet developed AIDS. 
New York, Tor example, does not re- 
quire HIV reporting. 

New medical advances that delay 
the onset of symptoms and reduce 
death rales have so altered the epi- 
demic that collecting data on only 
those in the advanced stages of the 
disease is now inadequate. A national 
reporting requirement would allow au- 
thorities to track the disease better. 

target prevention services to vulner- 
able populations and allocate medical 
resources more effectively. 

Even so. great care must be taken to 
protect individual privacy. Many fear 
that their HTV status, if it became 
known, could be used against them In 
employment, bousing and health in- 
surance. Unless confidentiality can be 
guaranteed, a reporting requirement 
will very likely deter people from be- 
ing tested and seeking medical care. 

One way to avoid unauthorized dis- 
closure of sensitive information is to use 
anonymous coded identifiers in repeat- 
ing HIV patients instead of their names. 
This approach may be more costly to set 
up and manage, but it would ensure 
strict security of reported information. 


America Must Stay the 

- < 



ill’' 1 

W ASHINGTON — The issue of 
human rights always figures 
prominently in American foreign policy 
discourse. This year, the sustained fo- 
cus on China — now culminating with 
the visit of President Jiang Zemin — 
has given it a particular salience and 
intensity. Many, perhaps most, Amer- 
icans or all political persuasions believe 
profoundly that it is their nation’s right 
and duty — indeed its destiny — to 
promote freedom, justice and democ- 
racy in the world. As President Bill 
Clinton said in his speech on China 
Friday, “to do otherwise would run 
counter to everything we stand for.'* 

It is a noble and powerful impulse, 
one not casually to be ridiculed or 
dismissed. But acting on it — if one is 
concerned to be effective and not 
merely to feel virtuous — is more com- 
plicated and difficult than many human 
rights activists will allow. 

Typically, the proponents of human 
rights see things in straightforward 
terms. They regard those rights as 
absolute and demand consistency in 
their application, denouncing anything 
less as hypocrisy and cynicism. These 
denunciations are given some plaus- 
ibility by the failure of administrations 
to live up to inflated official rhetoric on 
the subject 

But the truth is that while individuals 
and special-interest groups are free to 
give human rights absolute and unqual- 
ified priority, governments are not. 

For the activist human rights are a 
cause. But when they are incorporated 
into a government's foreign policy, they 
become an interest, one among many. 
Their claims have to be balanced against 
those other interests, many of which — 
apart from having a compelling practical 
importance — have moral content and 
moral claims of their own (for example, 
peace, security, order, prosperity). 

The place thar human rights will 
occupy in the hierarchy of interests 
will necessarily vary from occasion to 

Sometimes, as when the violation of 
rights is horrendous and no other vital 

By Owen Harries 

interest is at risk, they will rank very 
hig h ; sometimes they will have to give 
way to other compelling interests. 
America’s wartime alliance with Stal- 
in’s Soviet Union is a striking example 
of such a subordination- 

It would be convenient if all one’s 
interests always pointed in the souk: 
direction, but they don't. In his cel- 
ebrated essay, “Two Concepts of 
Liberty,” Sir Isaiah Berlin makes this 
point in somber terms: 

“If, as I believe, the ends of men are 
many and not all of them are in principle 
compatible with each other, then the 
possibility of conflict — and of tragedy 

— can never be wholly ftEroinared mom 
human life, either personal or social 
The necessity of choosing between ab- 
solute claims is then an inescapable 
characteristic of the human condition.” 

Not hypocrisy or cynicism, note, but 
“an inescapable characteristic of the 
human condition.** 

The .other factor that complicates 
the application of human rights policy 

— what makes it not a simple matter 
of consistency but a compbcated one 
of judgment and discrimination - — is 
the variability and particularity of 

What makes good sense in one set 
of circumstances may well be futile 
in another — and positively disastrous 
Ln a third 

Consider some of the “circum- 
stances” that are relevant in the current 
case of China. . 

First, the population of China is great- 
er than the combined populations of 
North America, Europe and Russia. 
Imagine tire task of governing all three of 
these vast territories from one center. 

You may then begin to appreciate 
the problem that the governing of 
China would present even to the 
smartest of governments — let alone to 
a bunch of elderly men saddled with 
very bad and outdated political habits 
and a distorting ideology. 

It will also help to keep some num- 
bers in perspective -— and while for the 
moralist every individual counts, in 
politics numbers master. 

According to human rights activists,, 
the number of political prisoners in 
China currently is 3,000 — about 
0.00023 percent of the total population. 

Second, in this century, China has 
experienced the collapse of a tradi- 
tional regime, warloroism, civil war, 
invasion, famine and mass terror. A 
mere quarter-cenuuy ago it was still 
experiencing a massive convulsion 
brought about by the manipulations of 
a megalomaniac. 

A counny with that abysmal record 
is likely to putan unusually high premi- 

In its policy toward 
China, America must 
balance human rights 
concerns with other 
interests, many of which 
have moral content of 
their own* 

um on maintainin g order and stability, 
and be willing to subordinate much to 
achieve those ends. 

Third, for the last two decades or so 
China has been experiencing what is 
probably tbe fastest rate of economic 
growth and transformation in hum a n 
history. In the late 1970s, Deng Xiao- 
ping declared that the Chinese economy 

would quadruple in size by the end of the 

century. At the time it seemed just an- 
other extravagant Communist boast, but 
f!hina has already passed that target 
The effects of this extraordinary pro- 
gress are complex. On the one hand, the 
present must seem like a golden age for 
most Chinese: There is order, there is 
peace, there is unprecedented prosper- 
ity, and the state weighs less heavily on 
their backs rhan at any time in the last 
48 years. 

On the other hand, the frantic grow th 
has also created serious strains and 
problems, among them pervasive' cor-- 
ru prion, environmental . devastation,' 
unemploy menr in stole enterprises ate 
a failure to develop institutions- essen- 
tial to the new economy (including . 
. legal and banking systems). • 

For the ruling elite these ate other 
problems raise serious uncertainty 
about control and stability. Fete 1 of 
things getting completely out of hand — 
what Resident Clinton rightly referred 
to as China’s * ’historical fears of chaos ' 
and disintegration" — .must be real. 

Urgent domestic pressures and 
opportunities are what will deter- 
mine the behavior of the Chinese 
leaders in the foreseeable future, not 
outside influences. 

Still, the United Suites will have to 
decide on a policy toward this increas- 
ingly important country. Thediscussioq 
has been framed in terms of a choice 
between containment and engagement. : 
They are inadequate terms. But it 
should be noted that we teveiwntething 
better than abstract speculation Hugo on i 
concerning their respective merits. 

For over the last half-century the 
United States has tried bath. 

From 1949 until 1972 it opted for 
containment, nonrecognition and vir- 
tually nil engagement — and thatperiod 
was one of almost uninterrupted disaster 
and misery for the Chinese people. 

Starting in 1972 the United Stares 
has opted for active engagement — 
and, despite occasional setbacks, those 
years have been ones of spectacular 
improvements both in economic con- 
ditions and, yes, human rights. 

This, of course, does not establish a 
direct causal relationship between en- 
gagement and improvement. But the 
two are surely not entirely unrelated, 
and the president is right when he in- 
sists that America must now stay on 
that course of engagement 

The writer, editor of The National 
Interest, contributed this comment to 
The New York Times. 


,1,1. i;- 1 


Currency Crisis Spells a Greater Beijing Role in Hong Kong 

JJONG KONG — The crisis 

.that is only just beginning 
to unfold wiU severely test 
Hong Kong’s internal cohesion 
and its financial autonomy vis- 
it-vis Beijing. The Hong Kong 
dollar peg to the U.S. dollar can 
hold just as the Argentine peso 
— likewise subject to a cur- 
rency board system — held 
after the Mexican debacle. But 
die cost will be much higher 
than many of Hong Kong’s 
riches tcitizeas will be prepaite 
to bear. Meanwhile, China 
seems of two minds about Hong 
Kong’s predicament. 

The crisis should not be seen 
as surprising or irrational. Hong 
Kong does not have a current 
account deficit, but it does have 
all the other woes that have un- 
dermined the currencies and 
markets of Southeast Asia, no- 

By Philip Bowring 

tably excessive credit growth to 
finance and property sectors 
fueled by massive capital in- 
flow. Seven years of credit 
growing at twice the rate of GDP 
had driven Hong Kong property 
prices to levels that exceeded 
Japan's peaks. A squeeze on 
supply coinciding with a surge 
in credit has meant that more 
than 5 percent of GDP has been 
going straight into the pockets of 
a cartel of developers. They 
were worried already by Chief 
Executive Tung Chee-hwa’s 
plans for increased housing sup- 
ply. Now tile reckoning for than 
has just begun. 

Die authorities here now real- 
ize that Hong Kong does not just 
face the problem of descending 
asset prices. In the wake of tbe 

regional devaluations it now 
finds the broader economy is in 
danger from cost excesses. 
Tourism has slumped and many 
service industries may shift to 
Singapore, Tokyo, Shanghai, 
Sydney, Bangkok and elsewhere 
where costs are much lower. 

Hong Kong must deflate. 
The only question is whether 

currency and low inflation. 

However, the developers and 
a significant part of the new 
property-owning — but mort- 
gage-paying — middle class, 
which have both benefited in- 
ordinately from asset escalation 
and iow to negative real interest 
rates, would prefer the currency 
to fall than their asset values to 
be crippled by deflation and 
high interest rates. Likewise, 

this is achieved by abandoning . . businesses /such as tourism and 
the peg 0 * maintaining it . manufacturing are desperate for 

through high interest rates and a 
massive reduction in asset 
prices. Most savers would 
prefer a stable currency. 

Small savers who own neither 
property nor shares and must 
save for retirement have for 
years seen the real value of their 
savings eroded to the benefit of 
asset owners. Most want a stable 

a devaluation. 

- Beijing is tom. It seems to 
.recognize that Hong-Kong has 
had a bubble that needed de- 
flating, is conscious of failures 
elsewhere to fend off currency 
pressures and would be loath to 
commit its own resources to de- 
fend the wealth of its tittle en- 
clave, which boasts financial 

Battle of the Airwaves: India Invokes Asian Values 

N EW DELHI — It is now 
India's turn to invoke the 
sacred cow of Asian values to 
consolidate the government's 
political and financial authority. 
Behind the action against Star 
TV’s Rupert Murdoch; his In- 
dian chief executive. Rathikanta 
Basil, and 26 others — who have 
been summoned to appear in a 
New Delhi court Monday on 
charges of broadcasting four 
“obscene" films — Lies a much 
more portentous battle for con- 
trol of the airwaves. 

Of course. Star's immensely 
popular music program, MTV. is 
loud and brash. Of course, V. N. 
GadgiL a former information and 
broadcasting minister, is right to 
complain that young Indians — 
though only the urban well-to-do 
— are addicted ro “watching 
MTV and buying jeans. Coca- 
Cola and hambuigers." But they 
would have capitulated to the 
Zeitgeist anyway. 

Star’s local rival. Zee TV, in 
which Mr. Murdoch also owns a 
substantial chunk of shares, cap- 
tivates millions of viewers with 
very similar lyrics, rhythms and 
gyrations, except that it broad- 
casts in Hindi With even the 
offspring of orthodox Hindu 
politicians succumbing to the 
lure of jeans and Coke, the com- 
plaint of cultural contamination 
is only a red herring. Deep- 
seared political and economic 
concerns underlie the charge 
that foreigners are undermining 
India's moral values. 

By Sunanda K. Datta-Ray 

mosque that a Mogul emperor 
had built on the site of an ancient 
temple. Prime Minister P.V. 
Narasimha Rao grumbled that 
the protest riots across the sub- 
continent had been sparked by 
the BBC's instant reporting, 
which was part of the Star pack- 
age. But Mr. Rao and his finance 
minister, Manmohan Singh, 
were committed to deregulation 
in ail fields. The broadcasting 
revamp had to wait until Inder 
Kumar Gujral became prime 
minister this year at die head of 
an uneasy minority coalition. 

His is a dual approach. He has 
dusted off a bill mat was passed 
in 1 990, but not enforced, sanc- 
tioning an autonomous corpo- 
ration for Doordarshan and All 

Yes, young Indians 
are addicted to 
Murdoch's TV 
programs and to 
jeans. Coke and 
hamburgers . But 
they would have 
capitulated to the 
Zeitgeist anyway. 

India Radio. At the same time, 
he has introduced legislation to 
license private broadcasters and 

rally to the call of Asian values, 
India thrashed out the modem/ 
Western debate in the 19th cen- 
tury to produce a harmonious 
cultural synthesis known as the 
Bengal Renaissance. But this 
was an elite phenomenon. The 
same interaction at the popular 
level can mdeed produce the 
infelicitous hybrid of which Mr. 
Gadgjl and others complain. It 
should be a matter of serious 
concern that this seems likely to 
happen anyway, not only be- 
cause of the all-pervasive West- 
ern entertainment industry, but 
because Indian films and music 
videos are no better. 

But no one is too bothered 
.about unhealthy social trends. 
The real battle is not over cul- 
ture but for control of a power- 
ful medium that spells money 
and influence. 

dia’s newspaper tycoons are 
anxious to fend off outsiders. 

The core controversy . goes 
back to 1955 when Prime Min- 
ister Jawaharlal Nehru himself 
■ vetoed a New York Times ^pro- 
posal for an Indian edition. That 
42-year-old ban was dredged-up 
in 1991 when London’s Finan- 
cial Tunes signed a memor- 
andum of understanding with 
the Calcutta-based Business 
Standard, and the fortnightly In- 
dia Today wanted to print Time 

Mr. Singh felt that a liberal 
democracy like India, with a 
vigorous tradition of literary 
and intellectual pursuits, a free 
press and fluency in English, 
should be the region's commu- 
nications hub. But Mr. Rao the 
politician was not prepared to 
take on Indian media magnates 
who feared that professionally 
managed competitors would 
run them out of business. At the 
veiy least, they stood to lose a 
large slice of the burgeoning 
advertising cake. 

Of course, there was never a 
whisper of commercial interests 
in their campaign. The arg um ent 
was conducted in a lofty tone. 

faostife 1 W§tSTint^tefTh5 Aoy<: ^J^xusn Hopes an ultimatum from 

would sabotage political stabfl- MADRID — General Wood- 2f.f^‘ s ^fhreaiemngUtemo- 
ity. Worse, they- would corrupt ford, the United States £ S22K ^,*9 fhe 
the new generation of Indians, to Spain, has received the reniv ™. Ita, y unless theif 

b new generation of Indians, to Spain, has received the renhi U1 . “aiy unless theiwf 

The misleading nationalist ar- of the Spanish Government* to ^ rned,ale partici- 

xnenf is heino tmttrrl nnt aoain th(* Nntr> cvhi^t, u.-. ■ . potion in tne Government 

The writer, formerly editor of 
The Statesman (India), is now 
aneditoriai consultant with The 
Straits Times ( Singapore ). He 
contributed this comment to the 
International Herald Tribune. - 

autonomy. On the otlier hand .a 
abandoning the peg under pres-y • 
sure and so soon after the 
handover would be a loss of 
face. It would also probably un- 
dermine Hong Kong's use in 
raising foreign capital for 
mainland enterprises. 

Beijing will emerge as 
more involved in Hong Kong 
affaire, whether it wants 
to or not If the peg holds, 
that will be partly attribu- 
ted 1 to support from China's ■ 
own reserves. If it does go, it 
witi be assumed that this was 
done with Beijing's approval. 

In the end. it is Hong Kong’s 
people, not speculators or 
Beijing, who — for once — will 
have the biggest say in the cur- 
rency. Will they keep faith with 
a Hong Kong dollar that can 
only go one way against the U.S. 
currency? Local tanks have im- 
posed huge penalties on those 
switching Hong Kong deposits 
into U.S. dollars. But what will 
happen when those Hong KoniJ 
deposits mature? What interest 
rate will be needed to keep local 

If Hong Kong dollars are in 
short supply, how many will 
now be wiling to lake an ex- 
change risk and borrow foreign 
currency instead? Southeast 
Asia is a tale of mammoth losses 
from currency mismatch. Hong 
Kong already has much bigger 
exposure than most imagine. 
Foreign currency lending for 
use in Hong Kong totals over 
U.S. $45 billion, similar to 
Thailand’s, and banks' Hong 
Kong dollar loans- to-deposi 
ratio is 1 10 percent. W 

If the peg falls, stand by for 
massive losses by international 
banks, already facing a moun- 
tain of nonperforming loans in 
Southeast Asia. If it doesn’t, 
watch the crumbling of de- 
velopers’ worth. 

Hong Kong may have an in- 
terlude of relative quiet, helped 
by officio] support while Pres- 
ident Jiang Zemin is in the 
United States. Bui so far we have 
seen only Act One of the play. 

inter notiuruil Herald Tribune. 


1897: Spanish Hopes 

MADRID — General Wood- 
ford, the United States Minister 



a- . 

ft . 

**■? * 
■v ' ft - - 

i ■ ft ... 


livety alternative to the dull fare 
dished out until then by Door- 
darshan, the government TV 
monopoly, there were no curbs 
on foreign ownership of satellite 
networks, ft was not that the 
government of the day had made 
a conscious decision to open tbe 
skies. But. politically, it was an 
unsettled time, and while New 
Delhi hesitated, enterprising 
businessmen took advantage of 
the vacuum to put up satellite 
dishes and canvass subscribers. 
The response was immediate 
and enthusiastic. Mr. Murdoch 
and Star ruled the Indian sky. 

In December 1992, when 
Hindu militants demolished a 

mem on the draft bill's earlier 
ceiling of 25 percent, but some 
legislators, are pushing for a 
total ban. 

With aboui half the popula- 
tion unable to read or write, 
television is a major force in 
India. More than 27 million ur- 
ban households have sets, and 
21 percent of them have cable 
links. In addition, government 
community sets in the villages 
ensure that about 90 percent of 
the people are 1 * covered. No 
wonder advertisers are now 
flocking to the small screen. 
Having also boarded the band- 
wagon with software compa- 
nies to supply Doordarshan, m- 

uuqmty. Demanding an even expresses regret that the Cuban „ 

more sweeping ban, an influen- insurrection should receive sup- 1947: GaulJist Sucrass V 

ual arm of the Hindu nationalist port from frequent American dadip V : - 

Bharatiya Janata. Party accuses filibustering expeditions, be- KrTf S , --General Charles de 

multinationals of seducing Iudi- lieving that otherwise the re- d » * Rally of the French 

an youth with such high wages beilion would perhaps not ex. 15 expected to hold its 

that they mm their tecks on isL The Spanish Government lr ? second route ol’mu- 
worthy professions like the mil- hoped, however, that bv the e ^ ecuons lodav [Oct 

itary, medicine and engineering, granting of autonomy and want second poll is required 4 " 

Public opinion is drvided A of American support, the in- f or .j owns where absolute mi- fe w. 

recent survey .in . New Delhi, sunection will very shortly he 4°™^ we necessary under voi- * 

Bombay, Calcutta' and Ban- . brought to an end regulations. General de 

galore showed that while 77 Gaulle’s probable continued 

^^^"percent favor^^ulatioh. 1922: Italian Cabinet 

Overseas channels harm Indian ROME — The Cabinet fwi of anj 

culture, said 58 percent, while 

39 percent said they do not. __ ^ 

UnKke other countries - that by Signor FacS, thePreite^™ 2”U ly has been teste! on M 

common espousal of Marxism. 

. < 







Derailed on the Slippery Fast Track 

By William Safi 


t “* , w »5 r «*" wriuTSS 

to show how language illuminates The 

«£Ufe, settles fwfeeSS 
mg of a. word. 

Tn!!or2SJS?^ Finds Tast Track' 
Too Slippery- is the Washington Post 

**** hy Pet » Baker. 
Hk lead- Attention White House 
peech writers: The tennfasrtrackisao 
fonfeer m v ogue. ‘NAFTA expansion' 
if. b S e<L ^ As / resideal ClintonOTens 
his drive for free- trade legislationTthe 
ptoase of choiee is 'Renewal of Tra- 
ditional Trading Authority.' " 

Just as many of yon were getting 
your engines steamed up to take the 
your gets renamed. 
Why? Fast-track legislation” made 
its burst for fame in the mid- 70s, as 
Congress gave the president a right that 
stretched to 20 years to negotiate trade 
treaties with other nations without hav- 
ing to face amendments back home; 
as a result, subsequent treaties like 
NAFTA would be ratified or turned 
down, aU-er-nn thin * 

Now that presidential authority to 
zip a treaty through has expired, a 
Republican Congress is not so eager to 
hand that power back to Democrat 
Clinton. That's the reason White 
House wordmeisters are derailing the 
use of fast track (too hasty-sounding) 
and NAFTA expansion (too Beltway- 
bloviated) in favor of the solid, stodgy, 
nothing-new-here “Renewal of Tra- 
ditional Trading Authority,” as if 
George Washington had been bom 
with the old fast track in his crib. 

Part of this first step in building a 

language column is to find somebody 
taking a potshot at the evasive device. 
No expensive database search neces- 
sary; here cranes another fanner White 
House denizen, Pai Buchanan, syn- 
dicated in The Washington Times, 
writing: “BUI Clinton is putting a new 
label on the political rat poison he 
wants Republicans to swallow.” 

That gives os topicality and tnrmoiL 
Now to 2) Involve the reader. Here is a 
postcard from a slum dweller in Grosse 
Pointe, Michigan, with an incompre- 
hensible scrawl for a name, asking: 
“What’s with fast track? Whatever 
ledio ‘life in ihsfast lane’ ?”• 
fow our linguistic train begins to 
leave the station, and we 3) Follow the 
usage trail. 

The fast lane comes from auto ra- 
cing. The trasty Oxford English Dic- 
tionary has a 1966 citation from 

Not to mention, 
satisfying the slavering 
etymological urge in 
roots-deprived readers. 

Thomas Henry Wisdom’s “High Per- 
formance Driving”: ‘ ‘One is frustrated 
on a motorway by the driver ahead in 
the fast lane (if only he understoodit is 
the overtaking lane).” 

How did the tens get popularized in 
its metaphorically broadened form? A 
1972 novel by Douglas Rutherford was 
tided “Clear the Fast Lane" but that 
was still about an to racing. Thrat, in 
1976, a rock group iwrrmt the Eagles 
put out an album, “Hotel California,” 
that included the .tingle “Life in the 
Fast Lane,” by Joe Walsh, Don Hai- 
ley, and Glenn Frey. 

“They knew all the right people/ 
They took all the right pills/niey threw 
outrageous parties/They paid heavenly 
bills/There were lines on the mirror, 
lines on her face/She pretended not to 

notice she was caught up in the race. . . 

The chorus: “Life in the fast land 
Surely make you lose your mind. . . ." 

Since that song, the fast lane has had 
overtones of the drug culture and im- 
pending disaster, a speeded-up, sin- 
ister, modem version of Shakespeare’s 
“primrose path of dalliance.” 

At tins point, the language columnist 
tirinkg has come to the fundament of 
it all, fal fillin g his obligation to 4) 
Satisfy the slavering etymological urge 
in roots-deprived readers. We have 
seen the OED make clear that the de- 
rivation is from highway driving. In 
Britain, the fast lane is the overtaking 
lane;, in the united States, it is usually 
officially called the “passing lane.” 
And as fast lane was being adopted, it 
spawned, or influenced,.^? track. 

Not so fast. The phrase/ayr track has 
a long history in horse racing, to mean 
“dry, conducive to speed.” On the oth- 
er hand, if it has been raining, the wet 
(rack is described as “slow,” and the 
toms race about urging you to put your 
money on a “mudder,” a horse that digs 
slogging. Count on some reader to find a 
metaphoric extension of fast track in a 
Jane Austen or Henry James novel. 

. Nor is that the only untapped root 
Soon the vast legion of railroad buffs 
will check in with yards of lore about 
fast railroad tracks, where expresses 
roar past with whistles in the night. 

. And so the column falls together, re- 
quiring the writer only to 5) Leave with a 
snapper, or sometimes a peroration. 
When next you hear of Congress dis- 
puting the president’s bid for fast-track 
authority, think of the wefl-meotored 
business executives and political loners 
on the rise, following the racing drivers 
careening around the speedways, fol- 
lowing tie jockeys booting their mounts 
home on a sunny day, following John 
Luther (Casey) Jones, the hero engineer, 
slamming on the brakes and giving up his - 
life to save his passengers from deamon 
foe fast track 

New York Tuna Service 


SHTETL: The life and Death of 
a Small Town and the World of 
Polish Jews 

By Eva Hoffman. 269 pages. $25. 

& Houghton Mifflin.. 

Reviewed by Richard Bernstein 

I T is the * ’life’ * in her subtitle as much 
as the “death” that interests Eva 
Hoffman in “Shtetl,” her history of 
Poles and Jews in Poland as seen through 
the history of a small town near foe 
border with the former Soviet Union. 

Hoffman, an American writer who 
was bom in Poland, wants, as she puts it, 
* ’not only to remember but to remember 
strenuously.” In so doing, she aims to 
rescue the complicated relations be- 
tween Poles and Jews from the ag- 
grieved cliches that tend to do minat e 
. contemporary images. 

Especially since the Holocaust, Jews 
have, Hoffman says, seen Poland as 
‘ ’the very heart of darkness, the central 
symbol of the inferno.” But this way of 
looking at things is simply not tine, she 
argues, presenting her took as a kind of 
' inverse of what may be the most 
heatedly debated book of the past couple 
of years. Daniel Jonah Goldbagen’s 

“Hitler’s Willing Executioners.” 
Goldhagen’s thesis is that the Holocaust 
was thelogical result of German culture 
itself, which took Jew hating as a central 

Hoffman’s main point is, by contrast, 
to demonstrate the falseness of a related 
notion: “That ordinary Poles were nat- 
urally inclined, by virtue of their con- 
genital anti-Semitism, to participate in 
the genocide, and that Poles even today 
must be viewed with extreme suspicion 
or condemned as guilty for die fate of the 
Jews in their country.” 

To accomplish her purpose, Hoffman, 
a former editor at The New York Times 
Book Review, visited Bransk, a town in 
eastern Poland that was the subject of a 
documentary film, also called “Shied,” 
produced and directed by Marian Mar- 

Hoffman spoke to people in Bransk. 
She read its Yizkor book, a Jewish Book 
of Memory, written two years after 
World War IL She spent time with Zbig- 
niew Romamuk, a young resident of die 
town who took it on himself to research 
its Jewish history. He and some other 
young men, none of them Jews, even 
created a memorial Jewish cemetery 
made out of gravestones that they un- 


By Alan Truscott 

T HE two United States 
squads, both loaded with 
former world titleholders 
surged ro the top in the Ber- 
muda Bowl at the world team 
championships in Hamma- 
met, Tunisia, on Oct. 22: With 
half the qualifying play com- 
pleted, they seem sure to 
reach the playoffs, which be- 
. gin Sunday. 

/ The busiest person at these 
championships may be San- 
tanuGhose of India. He and 
his partner, Jaggy Shivdasam, 
are the anchors tor the Indian 
team, playing nearly every 
deal, and be is writing a daily 
column for The Telegraph in 

On the diagramed deal, m 
the fourth round against Po- 

land, he had an agonizing de- 
cision to make as West 

This is a hard hand to bid. 
Looking at all die cards, one 
would choose to play three 
no-trump. The Polish North- 
South players overbid as 
shown to a dreadful contract 
of six spades. East doubled to 
ask his partner for an unusual 
lead, which gave Ghose 
plenty to think about And 
think he did. knowing the re- 
sult of the match might well 
hinge on his decision. 

A Lightner double suggests 
the lead of dummy’s first suit, 

and it was possible, barely, that 

East was void in hearts. It was 
clear that East did not want a 
dub lead, the unbki suit, bathe 
might well want a diamond. 

The Vugraph audience 
suffered with Ghose. who fi- 
nally led a heart Disaster. 

South won with the heart 
queen, throwing a diamond, 
and drew trumps. He crossed 
to the club king, threw two 
more diamonds on the top 
hearts, and ruffed a heart He 
then took a club finesse, and 
scored his last club at the fin- 
ish. T hanks to the miraculous 
tie of die cards, he had made 
an overtrick for a score of 

This was a rare hand, for it 
maA» 9 tricks or 13 tricks de- 
pending on the lead. In the 
replay, foe Indian North- 
South partnership reached 
four spades, very reasonably. 
But foe Polish defender hit on 
a diamond lead, and the result 
was down one. The fourth 
round of diam onds promoted 
a trump trick for the defense. 

Poland gained 18 imps but 
would have lost 12 if 

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York Thnea/Edited by Will Shorts. 

Terrorists Thriving on Congo Border 

Region of Uganda in Turmoil After Murderous Attacks 

earthed and restored. Hoffman, who is 
Jewish, also interviewed the few Jews 
who survived in a town that once had 
about 4,000 of them, mare than half the 
total population. And She examined 
scattered documents that complete a his- 
tory of Jewish life in Bransk that goes 
bade to the 18th centiny. 

Hoffman’s project is " certainly 
worthy, and the book she has produced 
amply proves her point, that the history 
of the Poles and the Jews is morally 

Bnt foe solidity of the argument does 
not rescue “Shtetl” (the word means 
small town in Yiddish) from dryness and 
abstraction. Ii is not an easy task to put 
flesh and blood into the history of a 
small, obscure place that produced no 
famous people or notable local chron- 
iclers, and Hoffman, while dutifully re- 
cording what information she obtained, 
does not manage to surmount the lim- 
itations she faced. One feels at the end 
that Hoffman’s historical lesson has been 
achieved, but for the feel of the shtetl — 
a sense of its richness and poverty, its 
eccentric threadbarepiety, its truculence 
and struggle — Hoffman does not add a 
great deal to our knowledge. 

New York Tima Service 

had guessed to lead diamond. 
That would have made the 
match a virtual tie, but as it 
was the Poles prevailed 22-8. 


♦ t 

0 10953 

By James C. McKinley Jr. 

New York Tunes Service 

KASESE, Uganda — It was mid- 
night She was in bed when she brand the 
angry voices outside the one-room 
apartment she and her husband lived in 
on tiie outskirts of this defunct mining 
town near the border with Congo. Then 
machine-gun fire hammered, and* there 
were screams. 

Theresa Kabahuma hurried into her 
dress while her husband scrambled to 
his feet A ragged man with an auto- 
matic rifle kicked down their wooden 

She pleaded for her life and for the 
life of the baby she was carrying in her 
belly. She said she knew nothing about 
politics, cared nothing for the govern- 
ment of President Yoweri Museveni. 

“He said, ‘We have come to take 
nothing but your lives,’ ” recalled Mrs. 
Kabahuma. 21, as she lay in a hospital 
bed recently, recovering from wounds. 

The attacker apparently did not try to 
kill her, but shot her in both legs — first 
‘ the right, then the left — spraying short 
bursts of bullets. As she was losing 
consciousness, the gunman turned his 
weapon and blew a hole in her hus- 
band's head. 

Her husband was one of 13 people 
who died that night, when a small band 
of self-styled rebels who call themselves 
the Allied Democratic Forces crept 
down from die Ruwenzori Mountains to 
terrorize this town. 

The massacre, on Sept. 23, was part of 
a terrorist campaign that has taken at 
least ISO civilian lives since June, mil- 
itary leaders said, in western Uganda 
near the border with Congo, the former 

In the most recent incident, on Oct. 
19, rebels herded about 30 villagers out 
of a remote mountain community into a 
field, separated 14 men from the rest and 
shot foe men dead, Agence France- 
Presse reported. Two weeks earlier, 
rebels northwest of Kasese killed 18 
people, authorities said. 

The rebel attacks have scared nearly 
80,000 people off their farms and into 
shelters in trading centers, severely 
damaging the agricultural economy 
here. United Nations officials said. 

The violence underscores the per- 
sistence of armed rebellions in the re- 
gion and fee use of border areas like the 
Ruwenzori as rear bases. 

When Uganda and Rwanda helped a 
predominantly Tutsi rebel army under 
Laurent Kabila last year in his move to 
take over Zaire, their primary aim was to 
stop rebel groups tike this rate from 
using staging areas in that country, 
which he has renamed Congo. 

But so far Mr. Kabila has been unable 
to gain military control in fee mountains 
and rain forests in fee eastern part of his 
conntry. Not only have tire rebels of the 
Allied Democratic Forces managed to 
continue terrorist attacks in Uganda 
from the safety of the bordering moun- 
tains, bnt Rwandan Hutu guerrilla 
groups have stepped up their brutal on- 
slaughts in western Rwanda as well, 
retreating among the volcanoes strad- 
dling their border. 

Ctae problem is feat Mr. Kabila’s 
army is stretched thin, diplomats and 
military officials say. His soldiers in 
eastern Congo are battling uprisings 
there among several ethnic groups, all of 
which resent fee political ascendancy of 
Congolese Tutsi resulting from Mr. 
Kabila’s victory. 

These rebel ethnic groups sometimes 
join forces wife what is left of Hum 
guerrilla bands from Rwanda and Bu- 
rundi, many of which are still hiding in 
Congo, as well as wife various other 
armed groups, like fee Ugandan rebels 
operating here. 

The Hutu guerrillas fled Rwanda 
fearing retribution after their tribal kins- 
men slaughtered hundreds of thousands 
of Tutsi, and they are fighting to end 
what they see as a Tutsi oligarchy. But 
fee Ugandan rebels appear to have tittle 
in the way of a coherent ideology. 

Some of fee propaganda found in 
their camps suggests that they want to 
establish an Islamic state in Uganda. 
Other leaflets left near their victims sug- 
gest that they believe Mr. Museveni, a 
former rebel leader who took power in 
1986, is a Rwandan native who has 
‘ 'confiscated oar motherland.” 

Ugandan military officials say there 
is no doubt feat fee rebels include scores 
of Islamic fundamentalists from 
Uganda, who have been supplied with 
military hardware by the Islamic gov- 
ernment in Sudan. 

But these Muslim fighters have 
joined forces wife the remnants of an 
older guerrilla band based in fee moun- 
tains. That group, called the National 
Army for the Liberation of Uganda, was 

originally Christian and supported 
Milton Obote, the dictator who lost 
power in fee 1980s during Uganda’s 
civil war. 

When fee Zairian rebellion erupted a 
year ago, Mr. Kabila’s advance 
threatened the Ugandan rebel headquar- 
ters ai the town of Beni, inside Zaire. To 
escape Mr. Kabila’s forces, fee 
Ugandan rebels invaded fee area near 
Kasese last November, briefly capturing 
two border towns. 

Ugandan troops drove the rebels back 
over the border after heavy fighting. For 
several months, the group appeared to 
have been routed. 

But on June 16 it resurfaced high in 
the mountains on fee Ugandan side, 
taking fee town of Bundibugyo with a 
force of about 600 men and holding it 
for three days before being forced to 

Since then, the group has sown terror 
throughout the mountains and foothills. 

attacking civilians on their farms and 
leaving beheaded bodies behind. There 
have also been numerous repons of ab- 
ductions and rapes by members of the 
group, Ugandan officials said. 

The attackers often leave evidence 
stuffed in the pockets of the dead: pro- 
paganda identifying the killings as the 
work of the Allied Democratic Forces. 

“The ADF came to stay,” reads one 
bloodstained letter feat Ugandan wi- 
thers found on a corpse. “There is no 
way you can survive us. However, if* 
never too late to pray." 


been' unsuccessful. 

“It’s terrorism,” said Yorokaniu 
Kamacerere, the regional district com- 
missioner. "They think they are fight- 
ing a guerrilla war. but it’s real In ter- 
rorism. The idea is to terrorize the 

Art Wiiter Thinks 
Famous Van Gogh 
Is $40 Million Fake 


LONDON — A Van Gogh “Sun- 
flowers” bought in 1987 by a Jap- 
anese insurance company for a record 
sum is probably a fake, a British press 
report said Sunday. 

The unsigned work is “almost cer- 
tainly” fee work of Claude-Emile 
Schuffeoecker, a Parisian admirer of 
Vincent Van Gogh who made several 
copies of fee master’s works in the 
early 1900s. according to an article in 
The Sunday Times by the an writer 
Geraldine Norman. 

When the canvas was sold in 1987 
by Christie’s auction house for 
£24.75 million ($40.44 million) to the 
Tokyo-based Yasuda Fire & Marine 
Insurance Co., it became fee world's 
most expensive painting. It had been 
owned by fee Chester Beatty family. 

It is fee only one of three paintings 
of 14 sunflowers in a vase not bearing 
Van Gogh's signature. 

The first was painted in August 
1888, and five months later Van Gogh 
made a copy for his friend Paul 
Gauguin, hi a letter to his brother 
Theo, Van Gogh wrote feat fee two 
canvases were “absolutely equiva- 
lent and similar.” 

There is no mention of a third 
painting in any of the artist's ex- 
tensive correspondence and other 

This $40 million still, life of sun- 
flowers may not be by Van Gogh. 


“Schuffenecker is our prime sus- 
pect” because he was responsible for 
restoring one of fee sunflower can- 
vasses for an exhibition in Paris in 
1901, Mrs. Norman wrote. 

Schuffenecker “had fee classic 
psychological profile of a faker: an 
artist so resentful of his own lack of 
recognition feat he made fakes to 
prove that connoisseurs cannoi tell 
the difference,” she wrote. 

Other works attributed to Van 
Gogh may also be fakes, including 
some held by fee Musee d'Orsay in 
Paris, fee article said. 

The Ait Newspaper reported in Ju- 
ly feat the picture, as well as 1 00 other 
paintings and drawings by Van Gogh, 
might be fakes. (AFP. AP i 

Angola to Withdraw Forces 
From the Republic of Congo 

CMfCed bs Oar Serf Fran Dapatrhcs 

LUANDA. Angola — The govern- 
ment agreed Sunday to withdraw its 
troops from fee Republic of Congo, 
where it helped Denis Sassou-Nguesso 
return to power this month, fee U.S. 
envoy to fee United Nations. Bill 
Richardson, said. 

Mr. Richardson, here on the second leg 
of a six-nation African tour, also an- 
nounced that a regional summit meeting 
would be held in Luanda on Monday to 

Richardson Gives 
Savimbi a Deadline 


LUANDA, Angola — The U.S. en- 
voy to the United Nations, Bill Richard- 
son, on fee second leg of a six-capital 
African tour, gave Angola’s rebel leader 
Jonas Savimbi five days Sunday to 
prove his commitment to a 1994 peace 
deal with fee government. 

Mr. Richardson said in Luanda, be- 
fore flying on to Mr. Savimbi's central 
stronghold of Andula, that UN sanctions 
against Mr. Savimbi’s former guerrilla 
army, tire National Union for the Total 
Independence of Angola, could be im- 
plemented by next weekend. 

“Unless we see some serious pro- 
gress," Mr. Richardson said, “some dra- 
matic steps taken by UN2TA in fee next 
few days, I expect to see fee sanctions 
take effect at fee end of fee month.” 

The United Nations voted in August 
to impose sanctions on UNITA if there 
was no immediate progress toward a 
lasting peace. 

discuss fee situation in the Republic of 
Congo after fee four-momh civil war 
there. Angolan troops helped General 
Sassou-Nguesso's militiamen capture fee 
airport in Congo's capital. Brazzaville. 
on Oct 14 during an offensive against the 
last positions held by supporters of 
former President Pascal Lissouha. 

The following day. the Angolan 
forces helped General Sassou-Nguesso 
take fee oil-producing city of Poinie- 
No ire in fee southwest. 

Mr. Richardson said Monday's meet- 
ing would be attended by General Sas- 
sou-Nguesso, President Omar Bongo of 
Gabon. President Laurent Kabila of the 
Democratic Republic of fee Congo and 
President Eduardo dos Santos of An- 

Meanwhile, residents streamed back 
to Brazzaville on Sunday, a day after fee 
inauguration of General Sassou- 
Nguesso as president 

Hundreds crossed the Congo River 
by dugout canoe from Kinshasa, capital 
of fee Democratic Republic of the 
Congo, where they had taken refuge 
during more than four months of fight- 
ing that killed thousands of people, 
many of them civilians. 

They joined thousands who returned 
home from outside Brazzaville at the 
end of last week, bringing life to streets 
that had remained largely deserted 
throughout the fighting. 

But relief workers say fee city is far 
from ready to cope with a mass "return, 
and the future for many is uncertain. 

General Sassou-Nguesso. 54. who 
ruled from 1979 to 1991, appealed for 
national reconciliation at nis inaugu- 
ration. (AFP. Reuters i 

Congo to Let UN Team Roam Country 


KINSHASA. Congo — President 
Laurent Kabila has struck a deal wife 
fee Uoited Nations, panting it fee right 
to investigate , allegations of massacres 
throughout fee country without inter- 

The U.S. special envoy Bill Richard- 
son and Mr. Kabila announced the deal 
Saturday; it also extends the mandate of 
the investigation until the end of 1997. 

Mr. Richardson, Washington’s chief 
delegate to fee United Nations, said at a 
news conference that fee UN inves- 
tigators would begin work by the end of 
first week of November and aim to 
complete their inquiry by Feb. 28. 

“we want to see action and not 
words, and this is a good start,” he said, 
^adding that he was “cautiously opti- 

The UN team, which arrived in Kin- 
shasa on Aug. 24. was set up to in- 
vestigate allegations by relief workers 

feat Mr. Kabila’s forces or his Rwandan 
allies massacred thousands of Hutu 
refugees during fee revolt that brought 
him to power. 

Mr. Kabila has repeatedly professed 
his army’s innocence. 

“The government of fee Democratic 
Republic of the Congo confirms ac- 
ceptance of fee team,” said a joint com- 
munique, ’read by Mr. Richardson. 
“The team is free to deploy wherever it 
wishes without any interference. The 
mandate of the team covers fee period 
March I, 1993 to December 31, 

Mr. Kabila had earlier insisted that 
the inquiry should not extend beyond 
May 17, the date on which he deposed 
the late dictator Mobutu Sese Seko after 
a seven-month rebellion. 

“I agree absolutely wife fee contents 
of Ambassador Richardson’s state- 
ment,” he said, adding, "This is a big 

change by US.” ' 

Mr. Richardson, who met Mr. Kabila 
earlier in the day in a final effort to save 
. the inquiry, said that if fee team needed 
extra time, fee UN secretary-general. 
Kofi Annan, would have fee right to 
extend its mandate beyond Feb. 28. 

“If the team has been unable to com- 
plete its work by then fee secreiarv- 
general may extend this period in con- 
sultation wife fee government.” the 
statement said. 

Disputes over details and the breadth 
of fee inquiry have kept fee team in 
Kinshasa. Mr. Kabila had insisted thai 
fee inquiry be restricted to fee eastern 
Kivu region. 

The team wanted to begin its in- 
vestigation in Mbandaka in fee north- 
west, where massacres were reported in 

Mr. Richardson arrived in Kinshasa 
On Friday on a trip that will also lake him 
to Rwanda, Angola, Eritrea, Uganda 
and Ethiopia. 


'PAGE 8 

■ " \r • • *' / .V. - V. , 



oil in 


By Carl Gewirtz 

Iniernaiionat Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Curdled by the financial turmoil in 
Asia, the global taste for risk has soured — ex- 
posing world financial markets to a sick perfor- 
mance at least until the end of the year. 

After Dec. 3 1 , experts say, with a new 12-xnonth 
horizon to manage exposures, institutional in- 
vestors, who are now cutting losses or cashing in' 
profits before they evaporate, will again become 
more venturesome. 

But the dangerous period between now and then is 
not a function of what occurs in Asia. Specialists say 
that the reverberating upsets in Asia, and the in- 
evitable slowdown in regional growth resulting from 
high and, in some places, rising interest rates, are not 
powerful enough to derail the world economy. 
Rather, it is the lost appetite for risk that could 

because “there is ft sense that we are near a turning 
point — one of those rare cyclical events, which in 
this case would be an end to the extraordinary 
period of growth without inflation," said Charles 
Wyplosz, a monetary specialist at the Graduate 
Insutute of International Studies in Geneva. 

“Everyone is bewildered by the absence of in- 
flation in the United States," he said. “No one really 
understands why, and no one really believes in iL 
And in Europe, no one believes a pick-up in growth 
without inflation is possible." The result he said, is 
“a recognition that interest rates are not going lower 
from here but higher,” bringing to an end the bull 
markets that have sent stock prices to record highs 
this year in North Americaand Europe. 

Aitbough fast growth should be good for business, 
Mr. Wyplosz said, “the focus now is on how rising 
interest rates will crimp spending and investment." 
Sharing the concern about the potential for a 

Moreover, because the key determinant of U.S. 
growth now is domestic monetary policy, Mr. 
Llewellyn said, “die Fed can certainly be relied 
upon to be alert to any possible excessive weak- 
ening of the U.S. economy — which is scarcely its 
problem at the moment." 

The markets will also be calmed by die mech- 
anics of the flight away from risk to greater safety 

year bonds, was obliged to price thepaper at a ! . 
of 334 basis points dyer comparably dated U-5. 
government paper. Before the upset. the RusSian 
paper outstanding had been trading ara spread of 290 
basis points. 

In the secondary market, spreads on even top- 
quality paper widened by around five basis points 
amid the scramble to move into U.S. and German 

— a rush to buy triple-A-rared government je- 

govemment issues. 

At first glance, die dollar should be die big winner. 
The U.S. government bond market is die largest and 
most liquid in the world and the traditional first 
resort in troubled times. The U.S. cuucpcy. 
est rates should help stabilize stock prices. however, feces some hurdles of its own. 

Still, share prices in New York — widely viewed . On Tuesday, the government reports the em- 
overvalued — continued to fall, pulling down ploymcnt cost index for the third quarter a 

measure so essential to assessing the inflationary 
imnact of falling U.S. unemployment that the Fed- 
Reserve Board chairman, Alan Greenspan, 

curities, notably U.S. and German bonds. The 
weight of this demand last week drove market 
interest rates down by just over one-cighih of a 
percentage point in both markets. De clining in- 
terest rates should help stabilize stock 

as overvalued — continued to fall, pulling 
some major European exchanges that initially ral- 
lied after Friday’s partial recovery in Hong Kong. 
Along with equities, the instruments most 

become destabilizing. The nightmare scenario is a global plunge in stock prices, John Llewellyn at by the flight to quality include all types of risky reportedly has asked to reschedule his appearance 

mpltrinwn In olnhnl ctnrlr nrirpe fhsr co damages Lehman Brothers makes the more unheat ohser- assets — narriculariv bonds from low-rated issuers. • before the Joint Economic Committee of Congress 

meltdown in global stock prices that so damages 
consumer confidence that slumping demand trig- 
gers a worldwide economic slowdown. 

The potential for trouble is great. In part that is 
because U.S- stock prices — the bellwether for 
world markets — have risen to levels that many 
analysts consider unsustainably high, and in part it’s 

Lehman Brothers makes the more upbeat obser- 
vation that “neither die 33 percent fail in die 
Standard & Poor's index in 1987 nor the 8 percent 
and 10 percent fells in 1994 and 1997, respectively, 
caused U.S. growth to falter." The S&P index 
ended the week at 94 1 .64. down 1.9 percent from its 
early August high. 

assets — particularly bonds from low-rated issuers. 
Prices on such paper are falling , increasing the 
yield and, in effect, raising risk premiums. 

JJP. Morgan's index of emerging-market bonds 
suffered its biggest one-day fall of the year Thursday 
after the 10 percent plunge in Hong Kong stocks. 

Russia, which last week sold $400 million of 10- 

before the Joint Economic Committee of Congress 
to Wednesday, the day after die data's release. 

Were tbe data -to signal a worrisome rise in labor 
costs, the dollar could run into trouble, as it is a 
fpregone conclusion that the Fed will not raise 
.interest rates at its Nov. 12 policy mectingso long as 
financial markets remain so jittery. 

UN Leader’s Grand Plans 
For Reform Hit Obstacles 

By Barbara Crossette 

New York Times Service 

Secretary-General Kofi Annan's plans 
to make major changes in the way the 
United Nations works have run into se- 
rious trouble in General Assembly com- 
mittees, where they are being buried in a 
blizzard of questions and objections. 

From the creation of the post of a 
deputy secretary-general to the stream- 
lining of top-level management to a 
budget based on departmental results, 
the measures — totaling more than 70 
large and small ones — are being dis- 
sected by national delegations. 

The fate of Mr. Annan's plans, which 
critics in Congress have dismissed as not 
bold enough, will reflect on tbe sec- 
retary-general’s reputation as an insider 
who knows how to get things done. A 
failure or long delay in making sig- 

A Million Children 
To Have AIDS Virus 
This Year, UN Says 

Agence Frunce-Presse ' 

MANILA — About one million chil- 
dren around the world are expected to be 
living with the HIV virus by the end of 
this year, tbe United Nations AIDS 
agency said Sunday. 

* ‘The number of kids living with HIV, 
the virus that causes AIDS, will reach 
one million by the end of 1997," and 
infected Third World children are ex- 
pected to die sooner than their Western 
counterparts, the monitoring agency said 
in a report to a regional AIDS conference 

"Of the one-and-a-half-million 
people who died of AIDS in 1996, 
350.000 were under the age of 15," the 
report added. 

Children in poor countries are at 
greater risk of contracting HTV and 
eventually dying of AIDS, it said. 
“AIDS kills children much faster in 
developing countries than in industri- 
alized countries of the West.” 

In Europe. 80 percent of HIV-infected 
children survive at least until their thud 
birthday and 20 percent reach the ace of 
10 . 

In Zambia, however, studies suggest 
that HIV-infected children are dead by 
the age of two, the agency added. 

“Poverty is the main reason why chil- 
dren die more quickly of AIDS in de- 
veloping countries," the report said. It 
pointed to the high cost of drugs, over- 
crowding that promotes the spread of 
diseases, and small government health 
budgets in poor countries. 

Most children who contract the dis- 
ease get it through their HIV-positive 
mothers, the agency added. 

“About 90 percent of children under 
the age of 15 years who become infected 
with HIV acquire the virus from their 
HTV-posilive mothers, usually during 
pregnancy, delivery or breast-feeding,’ 
it said. 

nificant changes would also further 
damage the chances Of ge tting the 
United States to pay overdue bills. 

“If the present trend continues, it will 
have a measurable, adverse effect in 
Washington," said John Bolton, a former 
assistant secretary of state for interna- 
tional organization affairs and now se- 
nior vice president of the American En- 
terprise Institute, a research group in 
Washington. “People will say the place 
is just not susceptible to change." 

Mr. Annan took office on Jan. 1 with 
the backing of the Clinton administra- 
tion, which presented him to Congress as 
a reformer who would be more effective 
than his predecessor, Boutros Boutros 
Ghati, whose bid for a second term was 
vetoed by Washington. 

UN as well as American and European 
diplomats were reasonably confident in 
July, when the heart of Mr. Annan's 
reform package was presented, that the 
popular secretary-general would not face 
serious hurdles in the General Assembly, 
whose approval is needed for some — 
though not all — of the proposals. 

But what is happening now in the 
General Assembly shows the near-im- 
possibility of quick action from the 185- 
member body, where every proposal is 
scrutinized for any number of reasons by 
one or more national delegations or 
groups of countries. 

“The process of review is taking 
longer than expected,” Fred Eckhard, 
Mr. Annan's spokesman, said at a brief- 
ing last week. "But we are still hoping 
that we will have a package soon.” 

Some diplomats nave begun to crit- 
icize Mr. Annan for spending a number 
of weeks this year, including much of die 
summer, away from New York, where he 
could have lobbied national delegations. 

Offic ials say that t h i s is exactly what 
Mr. Annan does on his trips to foreign 

Mr. Bolton, often a critic of the United 

Jaaul SaMi/Roacn 

BEKAA PROTEST — Shiite Muslims shouting at a protest Sunday 
called by the former Hezbollah leader Sheikh Sobhi Tlifalfi In Baal- 
beck, Lebanon. He urged continuation of a “hunger revolt" he began 
there July 4. A Lebanese soldier was wounded by the protesters. 


No ‘Fuzzy’ Time 

Continued from Page 1 

to the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia. 

But Mr. Jiang, in his news conference, 
sought to give the subject a Chinese 
twist. “U.S. democracy and freedom are 
not absolute concepts," he said. 
‘ ‘People of different countries should be 
allowed to have their own perceptions 
and own understandings.” 

Mrs. Albright said that President Clin- 
ton would raise U.S. concerns about 
h uman rights with Mr. Jiang. But she 
added, “the important part here for ns is 
to engage with China, but not endorse 
everything that they’re doing." 

She said the United Stares would 
“never have a completely normal re- 
lationship with them until they have a 
better hitman rights policy." 

Mrs. Albright em phasize d that rights 
would be only one of many important 
issues on the agenda, including trade, the 
environment and regional security. 

Much of the media focus, however, is 
likely to be on the protests planned by 
human rights activists, advocates of 
Tibetan autonomy, labor unions, abor- 
tion foes and environmentalists. 

Mrs. Albright said the Chinese del- 
egation was likely to get a real taste for 
American-style freedom of expression. 
“And if they’re not prepared for it,” she 
said, “they ought to be.” 

■ Vexing Talks on Setting Venue 

The New York Times reported from 

U.S. and Chinese negotiators have 
gone head to head on many things, but the 
summit meeting issue most particularly 
vexing was failed talks over me tent 

At issue was a healed, circus-like 
white tent with a hardwood floor that 
would have been pitched on die South 
Lawn, allowing 400 guests to attend tbe 
state dinner Wednesday night 

The Chinese rejected the idea. Mr. 
Jiang wanted an elegant venue, like tbe 
one in the East Room, where Deng 
Xiaoping was feted 18 years ago. 

Russian Has Talks 
In Syria and Israel 

DAMASCUS — Foreign Min- 
ister Yevgeni Primakov of Russia 
said Sunday that he hoped to .narrow 
differences between Syria and Is- 
rael over the peace process. 

Mr. Primakov, speaking to re- 
porters before leaving Damascus 
for Jerusalem, said, “The purpose 
of my visit is to bring closer together 
the viewpoints of the two parties." 

But he said he would “not reveal 
tbe contents of my discussions with 
Syrian President Hafez Assad," 
which lasted almost three hours. 

A senior member of the Russian 
delegation said Mr. Primakov was 
bringing “new Syrian ideas" to Is- 
rael on how to resume the talks, 
which have run aground over Is- 
rael's refusal to withdraw from the 
Golan Heights, occupied in 1967. 


Mubarak Launches 
Irrigation Project 

RAS EL-ISH, Egypt— President 
Hosni Mubarak inaugurated a huge 
irrigation project Sunday designed 
to bring Nile water to 400,000 acres 
of desert land. 

On Sunday, water began flowing 
into four tunnels under the Suez 
Canal, opening the second phase of 
a project that will channel water 
from the Nile through the Salaam 
ranat and into the S inai Peninsula. 
The entire canal is 262 kilometers 
(162 miles) long. 

Mr. Mubarak ruled out the pos- 
sibility of supplying Israel with wa- 
ter after it reaches Sinai. 

“This is an Egyptian project, and 
we will give no water to anyone," 
he told reporters at Ras el-Ish, 27 
kilometers south of the Mediter- 
ranean city of Pott Said. (AP) 

Abstentions Hi 



In Colombian Vote 

BOGOTA — Colombian voters 
stayed home in droves Sunday as 
leftist rebels enforced a boy con 
amid rightist retaliation, making tbe 
vote possibly the most ignored in 
the nation’s history. 

Defense Minister Gilberto 
Echevem acknowledged “isolated 
incidents’' Sunday. An electrical 
tower at the western port of 
Buenaventura was bombed, four 
electoral officials were kidnapped 
in the east, a civilian helicopter fer- 
rying electoral officials was shot at 
and four soldiers were wounded ina 
clash with leftist rebels. (AFP) 

For the Record 

_ Cuba will bold legislative elec- 
tions in January, less than two 
weeks before the arrival of Pope 
John Paul n, Cuban officials said. 




earlier. “There was a missed oppra> TRADE: China’s Demands for Jobs and Technology Trouble the Clinton Administration 

tuniry at the outset of the secretary- ^ °* / 

tunny at the outset of the secretary 
general's term when he failed to propose 
mote dramatic changes,” Mr. Bolton 

Mr. Annan's hope of naming a deputy 
secretary-general by the end of the year 
was dealt another setback recently when 
the leading candidate, Sadako Ogata of 
Japan, the UN high commissioner for 
refugees, withdrew her name. Mr. An- 
nan has made it known that he would like 
to choose a woman for the job. Officials 
say there are no other leading candi- 

Some members of tbe Security Coun- 
cil have expressed concern that a deputy 
secretary-general would have too much 
power, considering that she would not be 
chosen by the Security Council or the 
General Assembly and would therefore 
be beyond their control. 

Among developing nations, a large 
majority opposes the creation of the po- 

Ahmad Kamal, Pakistan’s represen- 
tative at the United Nations and one of 
the most active participants in reform 
discussions, said in an interview that 
there were “wide divergences" among 
countries on the dozens of measures they 
are considering. 


Continued from Page 1 

institutes for Chinese automotive en- 
gineers and to buy mosr of the pans for 
its Chinese venture locally after five 

Such deals trouble many U.S. analysts 
■ and policymakers, wbo fear that Amer- 
ican companies are being coerced — in a 
process contrary to free-market prin- 
ciples — into sacrificing good U.S. Jobs, 
or helping to establish formidable 
Chinese competitors, or putting their 
technology at risk of being stolen. 

Consider an account by Clyde 
Prestowitz, president of the Economic 
Strategy Institute in Washington, of a 
discussion he witnessed a few months 
ago among top executives at a company 
he would identify only as one of the 50 
largest U.S. manufacturers, a company 
that was planning to build a major facility 
in China instead of in the United States. 

Production would not be cheaper 
overall in China, the executives con- 
cluded; in fact, it would be more ex- 
pensive. The quality would not be better; 
it would be worse. The products would 
not be sold to Chinese buyers; they 
would be exported. 

“So the obvious question was, ‘Why 
put it in China?' " Mr. Prestowitz re- 
called. “And the answer was, ‘Well, 
because we’ve got big plans for China, 
and the Chinese want this kind of in- 
vestment, and they’re pressuring us.’ ” 

Such pressures might be expected to 
ease as China grows more prosperous 
and is integrated into the global econ- 
omy. But so far, they are still intensi- 
fying, according to business represen- 
tatives who negotiate with Beijing. 

The Chinese authorities “have taken 
a markedly harder line than in previous 
years” in insisting on sfate-of-tiie-an 
technology from foreign companies, ac- 
cording to an article published this year 
.in the China Business Review by two 
Beijing-based lawyers, Douglas Marked 
ana Randy Peerenboom. 

Beijing’s “increasihg inflexibility" 
stems from the fact that China has been 
“showered with billions of dollars in 
foreign investment over die past few 
years and overrun with multinational 
corporations" eager to enter its mariew, 
they wrote. 

Yet to hear many U.S. executives tell 
it. China’s demands, for technology are 
simply a part of doing business in a 

country that is determined to develop as tend that economic globalization is not 
rapidly as possible and the risks of supposed to work This way. 

"vmoiiHno or " wn ~ h America’s overall economic interests 

complying are well worth taking. 

George Fisher, chairman of Eastman 
Kodak, sounds almost giddy as he runs 
through some simple arithmetic about 
how the Chinese market could enrich his 
company. If China’s 1.2 billion people 
bought as much film per household as 
their shntterbug cousins in Taiwan, for 
example, “use of film in the world 
would rise 50 percent,” he said. 

Thus; on top of the three facilities 
Kodak has built in China, the company 

can and do benefit when U.S. multina- 
tionals build factories abroad on their 
own initiative, many economists say, 
because companies almost invariably 
keep their highest-skilled jobs at home. 

Moreover, the closer that multination- 
als get to their overseas customers, the 
belter they usually become at generating 
exports from their U.S. operations. 

Die gains are far less clear when a 
government such as China ’s demands 


technology ends up falling jrno the hands 
of competitors or potential competitors as 
a result, so be it, he said — adding that 
these days, technology quickly becomes 
outdated anyway. 

“You’ve got to go for it,” he said. 
4 ‘You 've got to assume you'll lose some 
technology. But my assumption is, the 
technology goes, and meanwhile, 
you’ve got to keep running.” 

But others — including people who 
generally favor the free movement of 
goods across borders and oceans — con- 

It troubles me a lot," said a senior 
official in Mr. Clinton's administration, 
speaking on condition of anonymity. 
' fi’. s °ue thing if I’m, say, Boeing, and I 
decide to manufacture in a forei gn coun- 
ay on a consensual basis for purely 
commercial reasons. 

“But when it’s a matter of govern- 
ment policy, where the government of 
the country involved is saying that to sell 
here yon have to locate here and give us 
technology — then I’m concerned. It’s 

ITALY: Despite Economic Squeeze, Nation Rallies Behind 6 Magic 9 of Joining the Euro 


Continued from Page 1 

So far. Italy's drive to qualify for the 
euro has meant a steady drop in full- 
time jobs to 1 ,600 at the factory, com- 
pared with a high of more than 4.000 in 
the 1970s, and an increasing reliance 
on seasonal workers. But the cutbacks 
also have meant survival in an in- 
creasingly ruthless marketplace. 

“Our factory is part of a multina- 
tional, so we know what it is like to be 
competitive at a European level,’ ’ said 
Vincenzo Sgallo, 30. a union leader 
who was 18 when he started work at 
Perugina.- following in his father’s 
footsteps. "Nonetheless, we are 

The uncertainties of life after the 
euro are very much on the minds of 
Perugina's workers. They want to 
be able to compete internationally, 
but. too. they fear losing their local 

They also fear further cuts in Italy's 
pension benefits, which remain the 
most generous in Europe, particularly 
the uniquely Italian plan that allows a 
worker to start collecting retirement 
henefits after 35 years of work, re- 
gardless of age. 

“Pensions are the heart and soul of 
the workers." Mr. Sgallo said. 

Despite these fears and uncertain- 
ties, most workers at the Peragina fac- 
tory — like a majority of I talians — 
rallied to the side of the Prodi gov- 
ernment even though it has pushed 
ahead with cuts to the country's ample 
social security system, regarded by the 
Italian left as its principal political 
achievement in fee post-world War II 

Mr. Prodi was forced to submit his 
resignation after a small party of 
former Communists, the Refounded 
Communist Party, which is outside 
the governing coalition but gives it 
critical support in Parliament, balked 
at further pension and health care cuts 
in the 1998 budget. The party even- 
tually backed off and agreed to help 
restore Mr. Prodi to office in return for 
a pledge to support separate legis- 
lation for a 35-hour-workweek by 

Here in Umbria, at the heart of 
Italy's so-called red triangle, where 
voters have long favored leftist parties 
in local and national elections, the 
paradox of Italy’s unwavering support 
for “joining Europe" is mostapparent. 

Workers at Peragina, for instance, 
were appalled at the prospect of losing 
Italy's first governing center-left co- 
alition in five decades, and if defending 
that government meant defending its 
stringent budget policies, they were 
ready to do it 

“The workers understand that 
Europe is a necessity, one that is no 
longer even open to discussion," Mr. 
Sgallo said, “without a united Europe, 
it would be difficult to maintain a com- 
petitive position against North Amer- 
ica, Asia." 

Many of Italy's political leaden, 
Mr. Prodi in particular, credit Europe 
wife pulling Italy out of its political and 
economic slump after World War H 
and now with forcing it to put its ficra! 
house in order. 

_ As a country of small- and medium- 

sized manufacturers that export 70 per- 
cent of their exports to neighboring 
European countries, it has strong eco- 
nomic reasons for not wanting to be left 
outside of monetary union. 

And many Italians believe that drop- 
ping out of the race for the euro now, 
after all the sacrifices already made! 
would be devastating. 

"We were the country in fee worst 

condition to fit within the Maastricht 
parameters,” said Sergio Coflerati. 
leader of Italy’s largest labor union. 

“For that reason, having invested so 
much in this effort, having made tbe 
biggest sacrifices, we have the biggest 
reason to enter into monetary un- 

The urgency to join the euro is par- 
ticularly acute in northern Italy, where 
Umberto Bossi and his secessionist 
Northern League accuse Rome, and tbe 
Italian south, of damaging Italy’s polit- 
ical reputation and dragging down fee 
economy. If Italy were to be left out of 
the euro-zone in 1999, mainstream 
politicians agree that it would only 
give Ml Bossi more support. 

On the Italian left, where fee cut- 
backs in social programs are felt fee 
hardest, the notion of Europe has taken 
on another meaning, that of a bulwark 
against what it sees as fee creeping rise 
of American-style capitalism. 
"Europe developed as a kind of de- 
fease — an antithesis to the North 
American model," said Nerio Nesi, a 
top leader in tbe hard-line Refounded 
Communist Party, which' is the 
political movement feat disagrees 
the government's pro-euro policies. 


Peronists on the Ropes 

Continued from Page 1 
WaS COm, P d "S 

JSS? ^£f nc f las the support of the 


EL?* . comi ? 0n ground by attacking Mr 

Umberto Bossi on Sunday after 
his party conducted elections 
on setting up a separate state. 

force. - — r 

into the First World®? °^ bnn g | ng the country 

asSr/s sssssss: 





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Lucent Technologies 
Consumer Products 


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"PAGE 10 


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■7? +44 171 420 0348 

‘.t* 1 ! i fc * 

s;K v 

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Pharmaceutical Company 

located near Paris/La Defense seeks: 

Medical editor 

MD or degree in life sciences 
native English speaker 

The successful applicant will join an international 
editorial team in a leading, research -based French 
pharmaceutical company, and work in a stimulating and 
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distinct advantages. 

Full-time position. Working papers required. 

Attractive salary package available. 

Please send a letter of application, a curriculum vitae 
and a photo to: ORS, C. Clarke. 14 rue de Bezons. 

92400 Courbevoie - France. 

International Consulting Co in Petroleum 
Engineering seeks personnel with the following 

QUALIFICATIONS: I) Mudlogging Technicians, 2) Pore 
Pressure Engineers, 3) Well Site Geologists with experience doing 
quality control work of contractors, writing end-of-weil reports 
and evaluations. Must have experience reading wireline logs and 
mud logs. Ail candidates must be bilingual (FrendVEngHsh) and have 
at least 5 years experience. Ability to speak Italian a plus. 
Experience In W. Africa sub-region beneficial. 

Mall rksumi and salary requirements to: 

The Manager, Dept. IHT-OOI, 

PO Box 570728-253, Houston, Texas 77257 
FAX to: 713/961-3845 USA 
e-mail to: 75 

Find AJohFast! 





-■ ' 0 SEEK5 . : -' : . 




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Oil Starts Flowing Again From Caspian to 

Azeris Open New Pipeline 


By David Hoffman 

Washington Post Service 

^ a ^ arge w ^ te valve handle, oil 

M c55.rr“ •■ h ? *** known ~n« has be£m 
SSSSmSL wif ^SEf" ?* Te ^ on ** through Russiafor 
553E Ue te cvcn,naU y wDl become a torrent 

duK/SS’ president of the State Oil Co. of Azerbaijan, 

viUage - ^ s hiivanovka, op the border 

2S, ESffa2fi*5 ,ed stretching hundreds of miles 

northwest from Baku on the Caspian Sea to the Russian port of 
Novorossiysk on the Black Sea. ^ 

thrIw,Ti y fl °r of u oiI ~ about 120.000 tons are expected 

~ wxupanies ana uaspian Sea countries have 

££ sshes?* fw ycare 10 ™ ct oa - p*-*** 

The route opened Saturday runs through war-devastated 
2? weakaway Russian region. Only recently did 
Russia and Chechnya reach an agreement on repairs of the 150- 
kilorneter ^ (95-mile) segment through Chechnya fey was 
wedrnd during the war. The Azeri leg of the pipeline was 
rerurbisnea nearly seven months ago. 

At the ceremony, Mr. Aliyev said Azerbaijan, a fanner Soviet 
republic, was resuming export of its own oil to Western markets 
for the first time in 65 years “in the most reliable and profitable 
y a y. by pipeline.” Azeri oil once was exported through a line 
ftom Baku, the Azeri capital, to Batumi, a Georgian port on die 
Black Sea, but it was sbut down in 1932. 

The first 40,000 tons of Azeri export oil were bought by die 
Russian oil giant, Lukoil. 

TTie quickened pace of Caspian oil development thrMtwnc to 

See OIL, Page 16 

The New Y.nk Tone* 

Seoul Seeking to Arrest 
The Steep Market Slide 

Kim Summons Advisers After Meltdown 

Cmptn! ta Qjr Sugff&m i bu^ain 

SEOUL — President Kim Young Sam 
has summoned his top economic advisers 
to a meeting Monday to devise ways to 
stabilize South Korea’s shaky financial 
markets after the stock market hit a five- 
year low following last week’s bartering 
of the won and the stock market. 

“The cabinet meeting Monday will 
be devoted to working out government 
measures against a financial crisis in our 
stock and currency' markets,” an of- 
ficial at the presidential palace told 
Yonhap news agency. 

The meeting was called after the 
Stock Exchange of Korea’s composite 
index fell 3.93 percent Saturday, to close 
at 545.47, a five-year low. The plunge 
followed a 5.5 percent dip on Friday. 

The weakening of the South Korean 
currency added to the gloom. The won 
tumbled to an all-time low of 929 JO to 
the U .S. dollar on Friday, despite central 
bank intervention. 

Both markets were affected by Stan- 
dard & Poor’s Corp.’s downgrading of 
South Korea’s foreign debt, which the 

agency said was largely prompted by 
lization” of Kia Group, a 


Can Tiny Cymer Inc. Keep Beaming Its Sales Up? 

die ’’nationalization’ 
technically-bankrupt automaker. 

Kia’s bailout by die government, 
though salutary in the short term, would 
have “unambiguously negative” long- 
term effects. Standard and Poor’s said. 

On Sunday, business circles were 
anxiously watching the continuing fight 
between the government and Kia’s 
management — the main underlying 
factor dragging down the bourse — 
after Kia’s management took the gov- 
ernment to court Saturday. 

In addition, Kia workers took to the 
streets of Seoul over the weekend, call- 

ing for the resignation of the finance and 
economy minister, Kang Kyong Shik.’ 

Mr. Kang tried Sunday to pour oil on 
troubled waters, saying that the gov- 
ernment now felt there was no need to 
hand Kia Motors Corp. over to a third 
party. Kia management charges that Mf. 
Kang wants to hand Kia Motors to Sam* 
sungGroup. I 

’"There is no need to turn Kia Motors 
over to a third party since we can suc- 
cessfully revive it os a state-controlled 
company under the command of new 
and reliable board members, 1 * Mr. Kang 
said on a television program. 

His comment marked a departure from 
an earlier government plan to let the state- 
financed Korea Development Bank man- 
age the troubled car firm by convening its 
debt into equity and selling it later. 

Investors were also anxiously watch- 
ing a second major development in- 
volving another debt-ridden South 
Korean corporate giant, Ssangyoog 
Group. Ssangyong, the country’s sixth- 
largest conglomerate, agreed Saturday to 
sell its lucrative paper-making unit to a 
U.S. company in a $69 million deal that 
could pave the way for more foreign 
acquisitions in South Korea. (Page 16.) 

South Korean shares fell sharply Sat- 
urday for the second day os the turmoil 
in other Asian currency and equities 
markets made itself felt. 

“There is a strong possibility that 
share prices will frill further in the weeks 
ahead because of continuing jitters over 
the currency turmoil and the carnage on 
overseas markets.” said Ko Soon Shik 
of LG Securities. 

Almost all sectors fell on continued 

eign investors. 

Bloomberg I 

1 To 

By Andrew Pollack 

New York Times Service 

* s -m 



K. »* 


,:.f :wU4'!' 

AN DIEGO — It is not enough 
that tiny Cymer Inc. holds the 
progress of the entire semicon- 
ductor and computer industries 
in its hands. Now, it also has short- 
sellers and rumor mongers on its taiL 
t The explosively growing company is 
>' basically the only manufacturer of an 
‘ exotic laser needed to make the next few 
S generations of computer chips. 

’■ This near-monopoly on important 
~ / technology made Cymer ’s stock the most 
. ^ successful initial public offering of 1996. 
*; The company went public in September 
\ 1996 at $9.50 a share and by the end of 
> the year was trading above $48. By Au- 
»; gust this year, the shares reached $9830 
} before a 2-for-l stock split 
i But since September the stock has 
fallen fast closing Friday at $28.0625, 
or $56. 1 25 on a pre-split basis. 

One reason is that analysts have 
downgraded die stock, saying Cymer’s 
customers were likely to slow their or- 
J. ders. On top of that came wild — and 
false — rumors. One was that Cymer’s 
factory had been firebombed. 

The most serious rumor, however, is 
'T that the lasers are not working well. If 

true, dial would be a big problem not only 
for Cymer and its stockholders but also 
for the whole semiconductor industry. 

But while there have been some re- 
liability problems with its lasers, .Cymer 
says the rumors are exaggerations. If so, 
some investors may sense a buying op- 

Although same analysts say the stock 
is still high-priced, it is trading at about 
34 times 1998 estimated ea rnings — 
lower than the ratios of many small 
high-technology companies that do not, 
like Cymer, do mina te a business. 

Cymer was founded in 1986 by 
Robert Akins and two other researchers • 
■who left aSan Diego military contractor 
to find industrial uses for the lasers they 
had worked on for the “Star Wars” 
missile defense program. 

For many years, Cymer barely sur- 
vived. “We’ve bear down to the last ' 
dollar historically many, many times,” 
said Mr. Akins, the president, who has a 
doctorate in physics. 

Now, however, the semiconductor 
industry has advanced to the point 
where it needs Cymer’s lasers — des- 
perately — to continue to make tran- 
sistors smaller, which allows more tran- 
sistors to be put cm a single chip. 

Imprinting circuit patterns on silicon 

chips is done by machines eallffd wafer 
steppers; the process is similar to the 
way ligjht is projected through a negative 
and lenses to develop a photograph. 
However, as the circuitry wires get 
smaller, the wavelength of die light used 
to print them must also decrease. 

Cymer’s lasers produce deep ultra- 
violet light with a wavelength of about 
0.25 micron, just the right size for the 
now-emerging generation of chips. (A 
micron is one-tmllionfe of a meter.) 

Two other companies trying to make 
similar lasers — Komatsu Ltd., a Jap- 
anese bulldozer manufacturer, and 
Lambda-Fhysik, a German subsidiary 
of Coherent Inc. of San Jose, California 

— have not shipped in volume yet. 
Cymer’s revenue rose to $65 million 

in 1996-from $18.8 million in 1995. In 
the first nine months of 1997. revenue 
hit $144.6 million, nearly quadruple the 
level of the period a year earlier. Profit 
has been climbing, too. and the coro- 

tba?some have had ©work hi the hall- 
ways. If Cymer continues to dominate 
its industry, it could doable its sales in 
tiie next few years. 

All was rosy until September, when a 
customer — Cymer can't say which one 

— asked Cymer to postpone delivery of 

some lasers, causing the laser maker to 
cancel its appearance at the investment 
conference and setting off rumors. 

Chuck Goto, an analyst for Smith 
Barney in Tokyo who follows Nikon 

Coro., the largest stepper manufacturer, 
da ti 

said the Japanese company was having 
problems with Cymer’s lasers. 

Brett Hodess, an analyst with Mont- 
gomery Securities, one of the under- 
writers of Cymer’s public offering, said 
Cymer’s lasers were not the problem. 
Rather. Nikon and Canon Inc., another 
stepper maker, are having trouble mak- 

Peregrine Tallies Asia Damage 

Bank Says Stock Unit's Profit Slumped 58 % This Year 

mg the steppers and newer machines 

scanners that use the Cymer 
lasers, he said. 

That caused Mr. Hodess to down- 
grade his rating on Cymer stock from 
“buy” to “hold’ ’ last month. 

While there seem to be soitie problems 
with both the lasers and the steppers, 
many experts say problems are to be 

i Cymer lasers had vibration problems 
but that they had been fixed. 

Internet address: 

Recent technology articles: 
www.iht.coml I HTITECHI 

Bloomberg News 

HONG KONG — Peregrine Invest- 
ments Holdings Ltd., one of Asia’s 
biggest investment banks outside Japan, 
said Sunday its equity and bond profits 
had slumped as Asian markets sank 
since July. 

Peregrine said pretax profit in its 
equities division dropped 58 percent, to 
an unaudited 124 million Hong Kong 
dollars ($16 million) between Jan. 1 and 
Oct. 24. Pretax profit in the fixed-in- 
come group fell 42 percent, to 108-5 
million dollars, in the same period 

Peregrine, the first international se- 
curities firm to calculate the damage 
from Asia's market meltdown, said it 
would still earn a profit for the year. The 
firm said ir was responding to persistent 
speculation that it would lose between 
$300 million and $1 billion this year. 

“It's dear to us that we were not the 
only one hurt by the very rapid fall in 
Hong Kong." said Alan Mercer, group 

legal counsel at Peregrine. ‘ ‘It was a very 
big fall, and we have taken losses, bur I 
would suggest others have as well” 

The majority of Peregrine's losses in 
equities, which includes derivative 
products, came as Hong Kong stocks 
dropped last week, the firm said Such 
positions have been reduced or hedged 
so that further losses are not likely, it 

’ ‘Rumors of losses by Peregrine run- 
ning into hundreds of millions of U.S. 
dollars and of Peregrine’s financial de- 
mise are completely false,” the firm 

Preparing for possible further losses 
in bond trading, the firm also set aside 
271.25 million dollars against possible 
write-offs in its fixed-income division, 
which includes foreign-exchange trad- 
ing. It set aside reserves of 193.75 mil- 
lion dollars in the first half of 1997. 

Peregrine said its banks had increased 
their credit lines in recent months. 

Vi S3’ 

For Now, Japan Calmly Watches an Asian Stori 

By Stephanie Strom 

New York Tunes Service 

TOKYO — For the past few years. 
Ja pan has sat on the sidelines while 
much of the rest of the world lived the 
financial and economic equivalent of 
a giddy New Year’s Eve party. 

' The upside is that now that the 
hangover has come on with a global 
vengeance, causing markets to heave 
and currencies to plummet, Japan looks 
equally likely to sit out the malaise. 

Japan’s exposure to Southeast 
Asia's troubles is minimal — al- 
though if property values in Hong 
Kong should come back to earth, 
some of Japan’s already troubled 
banks may have another worry. 

“The countries experiencing the 
difficulties are not a huge share of the 
overall Japanese economy in terms of 
exports, which has been the one strong 
area of the Japanese economy, said 

Richard Jerrem, an economist at ING 
Barings Securities (Japan) Ltd. 

One sign of Japan's relative sta- 
bility was that despite losing 192.21 
points in die first 15 minutes .of trad- 
ing Friday, the Nikkei stock average 
ultimately rose 212.19 to close at 
1 7,363.74 as Hong Kong’s stock mar- 
ket regained its footing. 

Another reason for the relative calm 
here is that an ever-increasing amount 
of Japanese production is based out- 
side Japan, and that lessens fee impact 
of sudden swings in currencies. 

For example, 70 percent of the parts 
and components in Toyota Motor 
Corp. ’s new Solana sedan are made in 
Thailand, where the car is sold. Be- 
cause fee company is using baht to 
buy those parts and receiving baht 
when it sells fee cars, its exposure to 
the currency’s devaluation is 
lessened. Should the company choose 
to export fee vehicles from Thailand, 

it could sell them more competitively 
because its costs were lower. 

“This is not going to affect our 
bottom line, not at aU,” Harold Arch- 
er, a spokesman for Toyota, said. 
“Psychologically, though, that’s an- 
other thin g. 

Sony Corp. has the same practice of 
scattering its production, which it 
calls “global localization,” to cush- 
ion itself against currency jolts. 

“Our main concern is feat people 
will lose confidence in these coun- 
tries. and that would cause a slump in 
those markets, which would have an 
impact on our bottom line from a sales 
standpoint,” Andy Bubala, a Sony 
spokesman, said. 

Banks are not able to cushion them- 
selves in quite fee same way. but 
Southeast Asia accounts for only 3 
percent, or roughly 143 trillion yen 
($117.2 billion), of Japanese bank 
loans outstanding — and a large ma- 

jority of feat exposure is to subsi- 
diaries of major Japanese corporations 
that are not likely to go bust soon. 

Japanese banks do account for shout 
45 percent of foreign lending in Hong 
Kong, but the amount, about 10 trillion 
yen, again is not large compared with 
overall Japanese lending. Nonetheless, 
if Hong Kong’s astronomical property 
values were to fall, it would add to the 
Japanese banking system’s already 
heavy burden of bed loans. 

Har uhilrn Kirm ira, a senior manager 
at Sanwa Bank Ltd., said fee possibility 
of large-scale defaults in the short team 
was minimal because economic 
growth in Hong Kong was strong. 

“We are convinced Southeast Asia 
will continue to be one of the fastest- 
growing regions in fee world,” Mr. 
Kimura said. ‘ ‘Therefore, we have no 
■plans to change our policy toward 
either Hone Kong or Southeast 

*ww» r ’ 


Cross Rates 



Oct. 24 

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12 More Firms Linked to Payoffs 

10 Hitachi Units Said to Have Paid Account Tied to Gangster 

|HH U34.7D 1B&J0 W6 

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- - — — * * 33B 

MS a* 

12734 HOT 

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ComitiedtpOwSufFiiMi Dhfmchn 

TOKYO — Japan’s latest gangster payoff 
scandal, which threatens to engulf the Mit- 
subishi group, has spread, wife reports feat 12 
more companies allegedly deposited money 
into an illicit bank account 
A wave of gangster payoff scandals, in- 
volving more man a quarter of a billion dol- 
lars, have led to the airest of more than rwo 

dozen top executives at some of Japan's best- 
n financial and retail companies. 

y- • 
v, -• 

Other Dollar Values 

Argntpno aWfc » 735 

AwtratiaflS 1-025 

Auatmrtft. IMS yrtfi 

T.10M 359M 

OKhkaww 3321 

Enpt,pm<l 3S993 jjji 

rto BimMn 5J 337 


MaptH 2792 

fVLpmo 34 JS 

sir- -s 






TM built 




929 JO 
7 £3& 


f ' 



SMof «HJnr . 

121 DO OM7 UW8 
IjITTZ 14 J 59 IMS* 

Forward Rates 

amaev 38 - d0T W * r _, japaoaoY” 

PWMStm m ;■*“{ JjjJJ iaS 

iTtk Mk 


The 12 conqsanies newly implicated include 
10 of fee Hitachi group, as well as Asahi Bank 
Ltd. and Dai Nippon Printing Co„ Japan’s top 
printer, raxxts said, quoting police sources. 

Hitachi Ltd. , an electronic machinery maker, 
and Hitachi Metals Ltd., a maker of specialty 
steel, acknowledged feat they had paid money 
into fee account of a company linked to two 
arrested racketeers. The two allegedly black- 
mailed Mitsubishi Motors Crap. 

“If we’d known fee company was l inked 
wife corporate blackmailers, we wouldn’t have 
had dealings wife it,” said a Hitachi Metals 
spokesman, who asked to not be identified. 
Tejji Nakamoto, also known as Tei Terubo 

and Kaorn Hamada were arrested Wednesday 
on suspicion of extorting 23.S million yen 
($192,465) from Mitsubishi Motors. The 
money, which was paid into the account of a 
company of Mr. Nakamoto’s wife's, Honma 
International of Tokyo, was disguised as foes 
for fee rental of a seaside villa, Mitsubishi 
Motors said. 

The two Hitachi companies, as well as Asahi 
Bank and Dai Nippon, denied feat they bad 
acted illegally, saying fee payments were to 
cover employees' use of a villa in Fujisawa, 
about two hours west of Tokyo. The villa, 
called Utashima after a fairy tale about a 
kingdom beneath fee sea, probably never ex- 
isted. fee Mainichi newspaper reported. But fee 
Hitachi Metals spokesimui said, “I heard from 
our employees mar fee villa is really dirty.” 

No one was available to comment imme- 
diately at the other Hitachi companies, which 
newspapers identified as Hitachi Chemical 
Co.. Hitachi Cable Ltd., Hitachi Credit Corp., 
Hitachi Plant Engineering & Construction 
Co., Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., 
Hitachi Koki Co„ Hitachi Electronics Ltd. and 
Nissei Sangyo Ltd. (Bloomberg, AP) 


Michael ! 


Thank you for a superbly exciting Formula 1 season. 

OMEGA Speedmaster Automatic. Day-Date. AM/PM. in 18 k red gold. 
Designed for OMEGA’s ambassador of speed. 



The sign of excellence 

‘PAGE 12 



Gearing Up for New Attacks on Its Dollar, Hong Ko 

Cvmplrdbv Oar Safi From Dapaschn 

HONG KONG — The Hong Kong 
Monetaiy Authority has made it more 
expensive for h anks to borrow money to 
try to keep currency speculators at bay, 
analysts said. 

The authority, which acts as a central 
bank, on Saturday widened the band 
within which it can set a key interest rate. 
Hie widening of the band could mean the 
monetary authority foresees further spec- 
ulative attacks on the Hong Kong dollar's 
peg to the U.S. dollar, analysts said. 

"It's a cautionary measure to fend off 
speculators," said Edward Chan, head 
of research at Amsteel Securities. 

Effective Saturday, the bid and offer 
rates under the authority's so-called li- 
quidity adjustment facility are 4 percent 
and 7 percent, changed from 4.25 per- 
cent and 6.25 percent 

"For banks trying to borrow money, 
the cost would be slightly higher," Al- 

bert Chan, a spokesman for the Hong 
Kong Monetaiy Authority, said. 

As Hong Kong interbank races rise, 
local banks may prefer to borrow from 
the authority. Saturday’s move was de- 
signed to discourage this. 

"If hanks manage their finances 
properly, they shouldn’t need to come to 
us repeatedly,” Mr. Chan said. 

Because of the Hong Kong cur- 
rency’s peg to the U.S. dollar, die Mon- 
etary Authority looks to the U.S. federal 
funds rate in managing its liquidity ad- 
justment facility. 

The latest adjustment makes the mid- 
point of the band match the U.S. federal 
funds rate at 5.5 percent Previously, 
there was a quarter-point difference. 

“To widen the spread so banks will 
have to borrow from the HKMA at 75 
basis points higher than before will im- 
ply that Hong Kong dollar interest rates 
will be maintained at a higher level for a 

prolonged period." one analyst said. 

Analysts said Hong Kong dollar in- 
terest rates would stay in double digits 
this week as policymakers and investors 
watched for any signs that speculators 
have abandoned the market 

“The market was much more volatile 
this week in terms of interest rates," 
Stanley Wong, regional treasurer for 
Standard Chattered iBank, told die South 
China Morning Post at the end of last 
week, "so widening the bid and offer 
spread of the LAF will allow a certain 
flexibility for the HKMA to maneuver 
die interest rates in an indirect way." 

The liquidity adjustment facility al- 
lows banks to add to their liquidity 
positions after the close of the interbank 
market and enables the authority to sup- 
ply additional money or absorb money 
from the banking system. It is also sup- 
posed to set a floor and ceiling for the 
Hong Kong interbank offered rate. 

On Friday, the interbank rate was 20 

Many analysts said the Hong Kong 
Monetary Authority’s move to widen 
the baud was unlikely to have a direct 
impact on the stock: market. 

The monetary authority effectively 
declared war on speculators last week, 
intervening actively in the currency and 
interest-rare markets to raise the cost of 
attacking the Hong Kong dollar. 

The Hong Kong currency is the last 

Asian currency pegged to the U.S. dol- 
lar. and the latest regional currency to 
come undo 1 attack in die financial tur- 
moil that has swept East Asia since 

Overnight rates rocketed to 300 per- 
cent Thursday at the peak of the crisis, 
then fell to 6 percent die next day. 

■ The benchmark Hang Seng stock- 
market index plunged more than 10 
percent Thursday as interest rates 
surged, then bounced back nearly 7 per- 

cent Friday as rates eased. 

Some analysts said the government’s 
defense of the currency was sound and 
that the stock exchange would even- 
tually recover because of Hong Kong’s 
fundamental economic strength: ■* 
"The HKMA looks as if it has won 
the battle, if not the war, against the 
currency speculators." said Husan Pai, 
associate director at todosuez Asset 
Management Asia Ltd. 

(Reuters Bioombcrg, AFP ) 

Most Active International Bends 

The 250 moss active international bonds traded 
through the Euro clear system far the week end- 
ing Oct. 24. Prices suppGed by Tetekurs: 

Hitt None 

Cpa Maturity Price YteM 

Austrian Schilling 

I 90 Austria 
232 Austria 

5 Vi 07/1*07 99 JO 00 5.6600 
5*4 04/1 1/07 100.1000 5.7400 

Belgian Franc 

223 Belgium 
226 Belgium 

03/28/1 S 1T9J3500 6.6800 
05/14D6 1084400 64600 

British Pound 

106 Pin Resid Houa 1 1.1 26 09/30V50 1444217 7.7000 

119 BA Credit Card 7to 10/15/04 99.7500 7.1600 

145 Abbey NaltTS 6 08/10(99 97.7500 6.1400 

192 World Bank 7 06/07/02 1005000 6.9700 

Canadian Dollar 

147 Canada 


03/1*98 1005500 


159 Canada 


12/01/03 1105490 


Danish Krone 

12 Denmark 


11/1*07 105.7500 


17 Denmark 


11/15/00 110.1100 


20 Denmark 


11/1Q/24 1044000 


22 Denmark 


00/1 5AM 1124500 


25 Denmark 


11/15/98 1045000 


36 Denmark 


11/1*01 109.0700 


40 Denmark 


12/15/04 1060300 


53 Denmark 


11/1*02 1014400 


62 Denmark 


12/10/99 1015000 


79 Denmark 


0*1*03 1105000 


92 Denmark 


02/1*99 1015700 


94 Nykredit 


10/01/29 96.5500 


111 Nykredit 


10/01/26 92.1000 


1 1 7 Realkredtt 


10/01/29 965000 


120 Denmark 


02/1*98 1005100 


174 Real Kredlt 


10/01/26 924500 


201 Denmark 


02/15AM 98.0700 


Deutsche Mark 

Rnk Nome 

80 Germany 

81 Germany 
B5 Germany 
86 Treuhand 

89 Germany 

90 Germany 
96 Germany 

100 Treuhand 
103 Treuhand 
107 Germany 
109 Germany 

112 Germany 

11 3 Germany SP 

1 18 Germany 
122 Tree hand 

127 Germany 

128 Germany 

132 Germany 

133 Germany 
135 Germany 
141 Germany 
144 Germany 
146 Tree hand 
15T Germany 
152 Germany 
168 CADES 
177 Treuhand 
179 Germany 
183 Germany 
193 Bank Austria 

Cpa Maturity Price Yield Rnk Name 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

































197 Cap Credit Card 54k 

204 Germany 64k 

212 Germany 616 

215 Christiana Bk fm 3.768 
222 Germany 54k 

233 Germany FRN 3 H 

238 Turkey 8 to 

245 Treuhand 6V> 

248 Germany SP zero 

lltfl/00 1007000 
07/2<V00 1094100 
12/17/98 100.8200 
09/18/98 99-5000 
07/01/99 1019700 
03/15/00 103.9500 
01/22/01 1117500 
01/16/98 997651 
04/29/99 101.9200 
IT/25/99 1044600 
12/22/97 1004100 
12AI2/98 1018100 
02/21/01 1003260 
07/04/27 15J100 
09/24/98 1017100 
05/28/99 101.9500 
11/12/03 10X0275 
05/22/00 1077561 
08/21/00 1094000 
01AQ/98 100.6600 
08/20/98 1017700 
01/02/99 1014800 
05/20/79 102-5300 
02/21/00 1067700 
06/25/98 1017700 
02/24/99 10X1600 
■01/20/98 1004000 
04/17/98 977377 
0*2*98 100.9400 
02/20/98 1004700 
02/22/99 1017233 
10/23417 977200 
08/15/01 957043 
0*14/90 101.7900 
02/201/98 100.7500 
10/23/04 99.7600 
09/20/16 957000 
04/06/00 99.7000 
1 0/22/07 98.1500 
07/29/99 1019250 
01/04/24 197000 









South African Rand 

741 DBSA 

zero 12/31/77 17500116300 

Spanish Peseta 

134 Spain 5 01/31/01 984870 5.1000 

148 Spain 61* 04/1 S/001 03-5330 67200 

182 Spain 775 03/31/07 109.1370 6.7300 

189 Spain 7.90 02/28/02 1087940 77500 

250 Spain 1110 02/28411 1147460 87400 

Swedish Krona 

71 Sweden 1037 
93 Sweden 1036 
114 Sweden 
165 Sweden 

8 08/15417 111.1866 77000 
10M 05/05/00 1107850 97900 
5M 04/12/02 97.7910 5 4200 
11 01/21/99 1064330107200 

U.S. Dollar 

2 Brazil Cap S.L 
11 Brazil 

4to 04/1 VI 4 977390 44000 
10M 0V1 5/27 100.1590 10.1100 

14 Argentina parL 5Vk 03/31/23 757463 77000 

31 Mexico 
34 Argentina 
39 Brazil FRN 

41 Argentina 

42 Brazil L FRN 

44 Brazil parZl 

45 Venezuela 

56 Argentina FRN 
60 Russia 
63 Brazil S.L FRN 

llto 0*1*26 1207347 97400 
9U 09/19/27 1017500 94300 
6% 01/01/01 997750 67600 
114k 01/3Q/I7 1157834 97200 
6V» 04/15/06 927349 77300 
516 04/15/24 747774 77600 
916 09/1587 947168 9.7500 
6% 03/29/05 917567 77300 
10 06/24/07104.7268 97500 
616 04/15/12 854367 77800 

Bonds Get a Lift From Asia’s Difficulties 


NEW YORK — Bad news for Hong 
Kong may be good news for the $3.6 
trillion U.S. Treasury bond market, 
some investors say. 

The IS percent swoon in Hong 
Kong’s Hang Seng stock index last 
week persuaded money managers that 
the Federal Reserve Board was likely 
to hold off raising U.S. interest rates 
again this year, leaving room fra: Treas- 
ury bonds to rally. 

"With tie Asian meltdown, Green- 
span ma^ backoff because of the need to 
provide some stability on a global 
basis," said Hugh Whelan, a manager at 
Aeltus Investment Management in 
Hartford, Connecticut, referring to Alan 
Greenspan, chairman of the Federal Re- 
serve Board. "It was a close call anyway 

about whether they’d do anything.” 

Before Thursday, Mr. Whelan and 
other investors were divided about 
whether the Fed would raise interest 
rates at its next meeting Nov. 12 to 
slow growth and stave off inflation. 
Now, he does not see that happening. 

Bond prices last week posted their 
biggest gains in five weeks after the 
Hang Seng index foil 10 percent Thurs- 

day, sending world stock markets reel- 
ing and promptmg investors to buy U.S. 
Treasury issues as a haven. 'Hie bench- 
mark 30-year Treasury bond closed the 
week at a yield of 6.28 percent, com- 
pared with 6.44 percent a week ago. 

Traders and investors who view 
Asia’s problems as positive for U.S. 
Treasury bonds say mat because Asia 
is a lag market for U.S. exports, a 
slowdown in growth there should keep 


a lid on prices in the United States and 
contribute to a # slowing in U.S. eco- 
nomic growth — and slow, noninfla- 
tionary growth is what most pleases 
investors in bonds. 

‘‘Forty percent of our exports go to 
the Pacific Rim,” said Hank Herrmann, 
chief investment officer at Waddell & 
Reed. “I think the whole area from 
north to south has got a slowdown mes- 
sage, including C hina. Forty percent of 
our exports therefore will be slowing." 

Mr. Herrmann said a slowdown in 
Asian economies would also put down- 
ward pressure on prices the United 
States paid for imported goods and 

keep inflation worries at bay. 

U.S. investors, though, are fretting 
over this week’s quarterly report on 
labor costs and congressional testi- 
mony from Mr. Greenspan and are 
bracing for about $64 hillion in new 
government debt sales expected in the 
next two weeks. 

The employment cost index, a gauge 
of wages, salaries and benefits, "will be 
a very critical number,’ ’ said Ben May- 
er, who manages $1.3 billion at AMR 
Investments in Fort Worth, Texas. 

He said he bought asset-backed 
bonds due in one year, however, be- 
cause he thinks the Fed will leave rates 
alone in the next few months. 

“The events in the Far East created a 
very widespread feeling that the Fed 
won’t want to be disruptive." he said. 

Fed officials have said they look at 
the U.S. economy, not internationally, 
when they make rate decisions. But 
traders say that slower growth in Asia 
could hurt demand for U.S. exports, 
slowing the economy and deterring the 
Fed from raising rates, and that the 
drop in Asian currencies will restrain 
U.S. inflation by making imports 
cheaper. ( Bloomberg ■ Bridge News) 




New International Bond Issues 

Compiled by Laurence Desvitettes 

Dutch Guilder 

1 Germany 


3 Germany 


4 Germany 


5 Germany 


6 Germany 


7 Germany 


B Germany 


9 Germany 


10 Germany 

4 V? 



15 Germany 


16 Germany TbiUs 


18 Germany 


19 Bundesobiigaiian 4^1 

21 Treuhand 


23 Germany 


2J Germany 


26 Treuhand 


27 Germany 


28 Germany 


29 Treuhand 


30 Germany 


32 Germany 


33 Germany 


35 Federal Tsy 


37 Germany 


38 Treuhand 

47 Germany 


J8 Treuhand 


49 Germany 


50 Germany 


51 Treuhand 


52 Germany 


54 Gcimony 


55 Germany 


57 Germany 


58 Germany 

8 ? < 

5° Germany 


61 Germany 


6* Germany 


67 Treuhand 


63 Germany 


70 Germany 


72 Germany 

A J , 

73 Germany 

5 ? « 

74 Treuhand 


75 Treuhand 


7o Germany 

6' j 

77 Germany 


7B Germany 


1 0/14/05 
02-16/0 6 
05-1 MW 
09 H 5199 





T 12-5200 
T 03.2400 

1 054322 






















43 Natherfands 
46 Netherlands 
98 Netherlands 
102 Netherlands 

104 Netherlands 

105 Netherlands 
123 Netherlands 
136 Netherlands 
140 Netherlands 
150 Netherlands 
153 Netherlands 

155 Netherlands 

156 Netherlands 

157 Netherlands 

158 Netherlands 

171 Netherlands 

172 Netherlands 
176 Netherlands 
1 98 Netherlands 
203 Netherlands 
205 Netherlands 
207 Netherlands 
235 Netherlands 




02/15/07 1005000 
07/15/98 1014200 
07/15/23 1166500 
516 09/1*02 102.1000 
9 01/15/01 Til 7000 
0*1*01 1104500 
11/15/05 1077500 
06/1*02 112.2000 
03/1*99 1037500 
zero 11/2*97 99.6661 
7Vi 11/1*991054000 
8tt 09/15/01 '1 124500 
6Vfc 04/1*03 1054500 
07/1*98 1014000 
0*15/05 108-7500 
04/15/10 1147000 
01/15/06 1027000 
7% 0*01/05 113.1500 
514 01 /I SAM 1017000 
01/15/00 1061500 
06/15/99 1044000 
0*1*03 107.7000 
05/1*00 1097000 
02/1*99 1027500 






































64 Venezuela par A 614 03/31/20 863750 77100 

69 Brazil S2I FRN 
82 Bulgaria FRN 
87 Mexico FRN 
B8 Bulgaria FRN 
91 Salne Mae 
95 Medea 
97 Venezuela FRN 
99 Bayertsdw LB 
101 Brazil 


6% 10/22/07 99.9933 67800 
6% 0*1504 877846 74600 
6VU 07/28/11 80.1756 87400 
616 12/31/19 82.9167 77400 
6V» 07/28/24 847276 7.9400 
4Vk 08/02/99 977000 44200 
616 13/31/19 82.9167 77400 
614 12/1*07 947200 7.1200 
10/16/00 994537 67300 

Amount Coup. Price 

(HnKens} Mat. % Price end 



Floating Rate Notes 

Ca|ade Madrid Inti 

DM500 ■ 2002 DbOT 100.068 — Interest wSI be the 3-monfo Libor. NoncaBaWe. Fees. 020“6 [Ntoigon Stanley InrtJ 

Renault Ore<8t Infl 

DM300 2000 0-05 99.938 — OwrXmwVti Ubcr. NoncalloWe. Fees 0.125%. (CnijimenbanlU 


84 France OAT 

04/25/07 97.6500 


110 France OAT 


04/2*06 1085000 


173 Britain T-nate 


01/26/99 100.0625 


199 France OAT 


04/25/04 102-5500 


221 France BTAN 


0*16/01 10X4800 


247 Fra nee OAT 


04/2*05 1114)000 


French Franc 

Sto 11/0*01 1047750 87000 
106 Hokurfku El Pwr 61k 10/1*07 997492 66400 
115 Poland FRN 69V 1*27/24 1017306 67100 
121 Ecuador FRN 3U 0*2*15 75.0379 47300 
124 Brazil Cbond S.L 4Vk 04/1*14 97.7539 44000 
126 Ecuador par 3*4 02/28/25 567989 61800 
129 CADES zero 07/1*98 957388 69000 

131 DepfaFRN 5.716 01/22/99 1007000 57200 
137 Brazil SJ. FRN 614 04/1*09 897000 77400 
139M«dCO 1Uk 09/15/16 117.0000 97200 

143 Bayertsche LB 64k 0*2*07101.0449 67600 

149 Canada 6Vk 07/1*02 99-9428 6.1300 

154 la FRN 5781 09/05/98 99.9400 57BOO 

161 Russia 9U 11/27/01 10X9478 87000 

162 Mexico 99k 01/15/071063750 97800 

163 Italy 69k 09/27/23 99.9271 68800 

166BradlLFRN 6¥» 04/1*06 927130 77300 
167 Argentina 81k 12/20/03 99.9021 8JS00 

169 Mexico B FRN 6836 12/31/19 960000 7.1200 

170 Brazil 6 09/15/13 837750 77000 

175 Petronas 7Vk 1*1*06 1(07744 6.9000 

178 Argentina FRN 5456 04AHAI1 11X0321 57100 

184 Venezuela pars 614 0*31/20 868125 77800 

185 Argentina FRN 69k 0*01/23 897450 77000 

514 IQ/14/99 99-8700 57500 

614 0*1*07 95.1875 77900 

6Vfc 02/28/25 79.9322 87700 

zero 11/2*97 99-5597 57300 

5VS 02/1099 997900 57100 

Sunamerico Institutional 

DM200 2002 Vk 99.99 — . OvwS-iiMrth I7>«r. Narwoflable. Fees 0.15%. (Deutsche Morgan Grenfell.) 

Baden Werttemberg L- 

F FI ,000 2007 0.90 101725 

Beta* 3-month TEC 10 Ind«. Roofhrad at 9956 NoncoBobta. Issue may be redenominated in 
auras eftar EMU. Fees 2%. (Sodete GeneraleJ 

La Defense 

FFZ020 2009 plbor 100.00 — 

in ue sputlnto tour tranches: 400 mil Bon francs paytog 052 arar3-raonth Plber, 800 mWton 
tames paying 020 over Mboc 525 mlBten Ifencs paying 072 awer Plbor and 29S mWlon femes 
paying UOO over Pibor. Average Be 5.92 to 7 yean. Foes 020 to 075%. (embank IntLl 

Lehman Brathen Holdings FFi,ooo 2002 to 99.771 — 

Over 3-month Plbor. NoncMaMe. Fees 0.35%. Denominations 100.000 Cranes. (Lehman 
Brothers lntU 


Banco ABN— AMRO Brasil 


1998 7Vk 1004M - — Semiannually. NoneoflaWe. Fees 0.125%. (ABN-AMRO Home Govern 



2002 61k 9946 99.15 SemtantwaDy. NaocoHable. Fees 0.15%. IMenffl Lynch IntTJ 



2027 TVx 98.673 — Semkmreratty. Nancaflatrie. Fees 042%. (Merrill Lynch Inttl 

Energie Betieer Nederland 


2002 6 Vi 101.185 10070 Reoffend at 9946 Nonca&iMe. Fees 1W&. (Bank ol Tokyo-MIfaiWshl Inttl 

Export-Import Bank of 


2002 64fc 101485 10075 Reoffend of 9946 NancoBoble. Fees V.V%. (Goldman Sachs Inti) 

125 France BTAN 
130 FranceOAT 
138 France OAT SP 
142 France OAT 
160 France OAT 
164 France OAT 

180 France BTAN 

181 Francs OAT SP 
200 France BTAN 
213 France BTAN 
228 France FRN 
234 France OAT 
239 France OAT 

4*i 04/12/99 
5to 10/25/07 
zero IQ/25/19 
6W 10/25/04 
6 1*2*25 

7Mi 04/2*05 
4to 10/12/98 
zero 10/25/25 
4to 07/12/02 
5to 10/12/01 
449 10/25/06 
8to 0*25/99 
71. 142*05 



























186 Un BkNomfm 

187 Venezuela FRN 

188 Ecuador FRN 
194 Denmark 
196 Commerzbk fm 5794 01/29/01 
202 CADES 
206 Argentina 
208 SEK 
209 ICI FRN 

210 Ontario 

211 SI Gahaln 
214 Mexico D FRN 

Federal Farm Credit Bank 


2000 6 33 99.986 

GaOaNcal porta 1998 Fees 0.15%. (Morgan Stanley fnflj 



2007 Mfc 9941 9770 Nancdlahle. Fees 0775Sfc. (CS First BastonJ 



2007 10 10370 

994000 54200 

— NoncartaWe.Fungtbtew«ioutsiondtaB issue, rafedng tow amount to S24blWon- Fees 1%. 
(JP. Morgan Securities.) 

Japanese Yen 

191 Exlm Bk Japan 2-i 07/ 28-05 1087500 24600 
21 7 NTT 2'k 07/25/07 1047500 24000 

242 World Bank 41* 062000 109.7500 4.1000 

zero 12/2*97 997515 57900 
IT KWW06 112.9635 9.7400 
6to 10/02/00 99.8750 6.1300 
6781 12/05/98 99.9100 57900 
6 02/21/06 977414 61500 
6to 10/17/02 997500 64200 
6% 12/28/19 947157 7.1800 
69k 03/07/07 10X0187 64900 

218 BGB Fin Ireland 6W 03/19/01 100.0000 62500 

219 Westpcc BWng 64k 10/16/02 100.0748 63700 

220 Mexico C FRN 682 12/31/19 95.9793 7.T100 

224TMCC 7 0*11/0710X1929 6.7800 

225 Canada 6* 0*28/06 102.7013 67700 

227 ICI FRN 5.781 03/0*99 997900 67900 

229 Korea Dev Bk VA 05/1*06 987426 77700 

231 Peru Pdi 4 0*07/17 67.9963 57800 

236 Panama 3« 07/17/14 78.0000 47100 

237MBL Inti Fin 3 11/30412 1047000 27800 

240 Argentina FRN 5456 09/01/02 1204000 4.7000 

243 Denmark zero 11/24/97 997286 63700 

244 Ahhey Natl TS 6 1*1*00 99.7692 60100 

246IADB 6to 0*0*06 987500 62300 

249 Bulgaria 2U 07/2*12 660325 14100 

Tohoku Electric Power 


2002 6Vk 101.453 10024 Reoffered at 99.S5X Nanaoltabte. Fees Tto%. (GoWman Sachs Inti) 


*150 2007 IZVk 100.00 — Swntanmmly. CotaWeatlOfiMi in 2002. Fees ml avallohle. (BT Securities.) 

Turkiye Emlak Banfcasi 


2000 8U 9948 

— . NonanioWe. Fees (UBS J 

Banco Bazana Simonsen 

DM500 2005 8V6 101475 — Ruotfered at 9940. NoncnBobte. Fees JWfe. ICommerTtoonkJ 

European Investment Bank DMl^GO 2004 516 100471 

— Rnffered (499771. Issue may be redenominated In evros after EMU, in which case it *111 be 
fongtote with outstanding tone. Nona-liable. Fees JW*&. (Banque Nationalo de Paris.) 



DM2700 2004 5W 101716 — Reaffered at 99766 Nonailabte. Fees 2 taflb. (Deutsche Morgan GiwfeUJ 



DM500 2002 514 101.99 100.10 Reoffered at 99.76 NoncallabJe. Fees 2%. (Bayertsche VerelnsfcmkJ 

SuedwestLB Capital 


2004 51k 101.71 — Reaffered of 99J6 Nancnlabla. Fees 2W%. (Barclays Capitol Groups 

Trtakaus & Burkhardf 


DM300 2002 51k 10146 — Nonadtabte. Fees 2%. (HSBC Trinkous.1 





\ L 



t #4 



k . 




r ^ 



Canadian Imperial Bank of 

£70 2002 748 100V4 Intoresl may become 'A over3-month Libor at issuers option. NoncnDoWe. Fees 025%. 


The Week Ahead; World Economic Calendar. Oct. 27-31 

4 cifM »we* S(h»ii^ri:^finjrca/wans comstisd !cf tfw bKemoana! Hama Tnbm by Bknn&wg Busnoss Nows. 

Hypothekenbankln Essen 


2004 Oh 99.73 — NorrcoftoWe. Fees 070%. (Commnbanig 



Midlands Electricity 


2007 7% 101705 — Reoffered OI997SS. NonaiBabie. Feee 2%. (Bredays BankJ 

Rail track 


2022 TVs 99.001 — NonoadaWe. Fees 0425%. (HSBC Markets.) 



This Week 

Manila: President Fidel Ramos Madrid: Current-account and trade 
speaks at the 16th National Quality balance figures for August and 
and Productivity Congress, Dus it Ho- September budget dencit figures ex- 
tel Nlkko. Monday and Tuesday. pected. 

Shanghai: China Metals Confer- 
ence. through Tuesday, J.C. Man- 
darin Hotel. 


Albuquerque, New Mexico: Utility 
Photovoltaic Group sponsors con- 
ference on solar energy, Tuesday 
through Thursday. 

San Jose, California: National 
Computer Security Association con- 
ference, “Network Security and Flre- 

Bayerisdw Hypotheken 

FF1000 2003 5% 101.11 9970 Reoffend at 99736 NoncaBabte. F«b I W%. (Banqua NaOanata de Partsj 


Deutsche Finance 

ITL3OOO0O 2009 8M 1029k 

99-88 until 199g, thereafter 5ti%. NancolUble. Fens 2M/36 (Dwtsdn Morgan - 

Europeon Investment Bank ITL75^»0 2007 10% 100745 

Korea Electric Power 
Narddeutsche Landesbank 

ITL20OO00 2000 

rrumooa 2000 

6 VS 100775 
Sto 101.038 

"VT* Ih write 16 % lew feto tho 12-month Libor. 


^offered at 99 46 Noncnttabte. Foes 075%. (Caitplat 
Noneolloble. Fe 



Tokyo: Bank of Japan releases quar- London: Parliament resumes ses- 

Kalamazoo, Michigan: Michael 







£?lj r,fa unTlt Reofferei] b 1 , 99. Noneolloble. Fees 2%. (Choie 

Oct. 27 

terty report on the state of the econ- sions. 

omy; Japan Automobile Marmfactur- Paris: World Congress of Accoun- 
ers Association releases figures on tants holds forum on the euro, 
vehicle production in September. Guests include Jean-Claude 

Trichet, governor of the Bank of 

Moskow, president of the Federal 
Reserve Bank of Chicago, speaks 
on the economy. 

New York; Council on Foreign Re- 
lations meeting. Treasury Secretary 
Robert Rubin speaks about China. 







5VS - 



99 SO 

SaniaiintHilly. Noncallabte. F«s 0625%. (Men* Lynch lntU 

Banco Safra 

Banco Sofra 








_ Semiannoally. Nancmiahle. F«, oWuj=. Morgan Seeurmw.1 

Oct 28 

Bangkok: Foreign Banks’ Assoti- Oslo: August current-account fix- 
ation holds an economic confer- ures. 

Washington: Federal Reserve 
Chairman Alan Greenspan sched- 
uled to begin congressional testi- 
mony on economic outlook and mon- 

Credit Suisse 





. — 

SemianmnBy. NamafaWe. 0625% (J,p. Mof^an SccurittosJ 

enca. Grand Hyatt Erawan Hotel. Stockholm: September producer- 

Tokyo: Japan Automobile Manufac- price index. 

Lu Klnter Finance 






tuners Association releases figures 
on vehicle exports in September. 

etary policy. 

2Sfa5teK^ L -«'5=S!»«-. , 

DM250 2004 31& IOOjOO — 

Wednesday Tokyo: Ministry of International 
OcL 29 Trade and Industry releases indus- 
trial production figures for Septem- 
ber and sales figures for large retail 
stores in September. 

Parte: -Bank of France monetary pah Ottawa: Statistics Canada to re- 
icy council meeting. lease September Industrial product 

Prague: Statistical Office releases price index and raw materials price 
preliminary September sold indus- Index, 

trial output figures. 

Rome: June industrial production fig- 

satg asaiar^ P 12% premium. 

l«» Week's Markets Euromarts 







i >• 


Stock Indexes 

UrfflPd SWM OcL 24 OcL 17 %Ch*g» 

Money Rates 

Eurobond Yields 

Thursday Canberra: Department of Employ- 
Oct 30 merit, Education, Training and 

Youth Affairs releases Its skilled va- 
cancy report for October. 

Sydney: Trade balance on goods 
and services for September. 

Bern: Federal Statistics Office re- 
leases October consumer price in- 

Copenhagen: September jobless 

Oslo: Labor directorate releases Oc- 
tober Jobless figures. 

New York: Americas Society con- 
ference, "The Politics and Economy 
of Argentina." Speakers include 
H.E. Carlos Ruckauf, vice president 
of Argentina. 

DJ Turns. 


7,71541 - 744743 -14B 

24656 24276 +1J7 

aMii 3 4525 -047 

89659 90193 
94144. 94117 

149537 1,09974 -040 

49177 49656 -616 

145092 14088 -076 

(225 1776174 1747842 -046 


inTTWO 197020 *27140 —871 


Frldav Bangkok: Bank of Thailand an- 

Gct 31 nounces monthly trade, Investment 
and money-market figures and for- 
eign-currency reserves. 

Tokyo: Construction Ministry releas- 
es figures on housing starts and 
construction orders in September. 

• Helsinki: Gross domestic product 
figures for August 
Rome: September and October ho- 
tel stays. 

Ottawa: Statistics Canada releases 
August inflation-adjusted gross do- 
mestic product figures. 

TSE Indus. 


Gai money 

3-flttnffi Interbank 

box* rata 
Co9 money 
3-morab intartank 

mrwvenfkm rate 
un money 

Hang Seng 


743X50 743X90 +G4T 

244943 245842 -448 

445047 406140 -426 cM mohay 

Xmorth rntertiank 

11,14444 1340141 -1846 


Oct 24 










OCt 17 
5 K 




■ 7U 



FlMdlfranq SJ4 

at. ts 

et d 

Yen 156 

OttM 0«tl7y» Ugh Yr 

6g 7.09 643 
«7 644 649 

7-02 7JS 6J3Q 
552 554 446 

i i 
i u a 

65? SJ4 


1-40 X15 156 

Weekly Sales 

Primary Morfart 

Oct. 23 

Straight! 2153 
Convert. lNi 
FRNi 9264 


s Mom 

123.1 1,0594 
— 764 — 

iHJH 164045 

11,1494 102735 1X3815 164644 

450 450 

345 345 

670 170 

0*624 Ocf.17 

Ubar Rates 

96X25 967.12 —040 Uonfon I«n, 0x5 31645 324J0 -256 

»«_ 'IT 

SanttB UuydsBmK Routes. 


™ isr* 1 ™' 

7to Y« 

'■*?** *rnm 
4 % 122 av» 

■5* 49W 4V! 

Vi -.j 



PAGE 13 

, . . 
h s;;H' * 


irisl I 



• ;; ' 


/ 1 ; //,( 


Mi’" : 

j., ftf 



ozarf would approve of the way 
we conduct business in Chicago. 

The arts have always flourished in Chicago. And always will. 

Thanks to the passionate civic commitment of Chicago's corporate leaders and the city’s three largest charitable foundations, an unparalleled investment has been 
made in the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Lyric Opera of Chicago. With the establishment of the Facilities Fund, $100 million has been raised to help enlarge 
and enhance both Orchestra Hall and the Civic Opera House to retain these classic spaces for the next century. 

This is one venture in the continuing renaissance that helps mark this city as a world cultural leader. In all, $513 million is currently being invested in Chicago's 
* vast landscape of world-class museums, theaters and music venues of all sizes. 

Never before in history has a corporate community responded like this to a cultural need. Chicago's corporations are proud to be an integral part of this flourishing 
, * creative environment. In partnership with the city of Chicago and the state of 
■\ Illinois, they are ensuring cultural excellence remains the hallmark of this 

great city for generations to come. 

Major Donors 

Abbott Laboratories 
Ameritech Corporation 
Amoco Corporation 
Aon Corporation 

Arthur Andersen and 1 

Andersen Consulting 

Baxter International Inc. 

The Chicago Community Trust 

R.R. Donnelley & Sons ' 


The First National Bank of Chicago 

The John D.& Catherine! 
MacArthur Foundation 

Robert R. McCormick Tribune 

Sara Lee Corporation 
United Airlines 
Waste Management 



American National Can Company 

Brinson Partners, Inc. 

Chicago Mercantile Exchange 

Coopers & Lybrand LLP 

DeloitteS Touche LLP and 
Deloitte & Touche Consulting Group 
Fruit of the Loom, Inc. 

Goldman, Sachs & Co. 

Harris Bankcorp, Inc. 

Household International, Inc. 

KPMG Peat Marwick LLP 
Merrill Lynch & Co. . 

Morgan Stanley & Co. Incorporated 
The Northern Trust Company 
The John Nuveen Company 

price Waterhouse LLP 

The Quaker Oats Company 

Sears, Roebuck and Co. 

The Stone Container Foundation 
Unicom Corporation .. . 

In aooreciation of the Facilities Fund donors, 
this advertisement is being underwritten by Amopo 
Corporation, Aon Corporation, The First National 
Bank of Chicago, Sara Lee Corporation Lyric- Opera . 
of Chicago and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. 

PAGE 16 


Ssangyong to Sell 
Paper Unit to P&G 

Agence France-Presse 

SEOUL — The Ssangyong 
group of companies, strug- 
gling under a heavy load of 
debt, has agreed to sell con- 
trol of its lucrative paper- 
making subsidiary to Procter 
& Gamble Co. in a deal that 
could pave the way for more 
foreign acquisitions in South 
Korea, officials said Sunday. 

In an deal announced Sat- 
urday, the U.S. consumer 
pnxhicis giant agreed to buy 
24.99 percent of Ssangyong 
Paper Co.’s shares for $69 mil- 
lion and to raise its stake to 51 
percent by the end of the 

“It was part of our restruc- 

turing program to ease 
Ssangyong Motors' cash-flow 
problems.” a spokesman for 
the South Korean group said. 

The daily Chosun II bo said 
the deal would mark the first 
time a foreign company had. 
bought a major South Korean 
one. “Business circles are 
now waiting to see if the gov- 
ernment will approve it or 
not.” Chosun added, reflect- 
ing a widely held opinion here 
that such acquisitions could 
help more South Korean 
companies out of their finan- 
cial woes. 

Ssangyong Motor Co. has 
about 2.69 trillion won ($2.89 
billion) of debt . 

Mutual Funds Succumb to Options 

A Lipperf Salomon Contract Is Coming Soon to Chicago Exchange 

By David J. Morrow 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — For better or for 
worse, investors will soon be able to 
buy options contracts based on mutual 
funds' performances. 

Introduced by Upper Analytical Ser- 
vices and Salomon Brothers, the options 
will begin trading Dec. 3 on the Chicago 
Board Options Exchange. The options 
are based on two new indexes, the Lip- 
per/Salomon Growth Mutual Fund In- 
dex and the Lipper/Salomon Growth 
and Income Mutual Fund Index. 

“Options on the Lipper/Salomon in- 
dices are the first and only derivatives 
based on the performance of mutual 
funds,” said William J. Brodsky, 

chairman and chief executive of the 
Chicago Board Options Exchange. 
“Individual investors will now be able 
to adjust their mutual-fund exposure 
during the trading day without having 
to actually buy and sell fund shares. 


while fund managers will be able to 
more effectively manage risk and cash 

Some financial planners also saw ad- 
vantages. The Lipper/Salomon Growth 
Index, made up of the 30 largest growth- 
oriented stock funds, includes eight Fi- 
delity funds, so investors could use the 

options 3S a way to bet on Fidelity's 1 
mu dial-fund performance, they said. ■ 

The options also allow .-some fond 
managers to change their mutual-fond 
exposure quickly or for a brief time. 

“A portfolio manager who ischan- 
ging his strategy from value to growth 
could buy the a way to do 
that.” Richard Lee, president of Lee 
Financial in Dallas, said. 

“These options and these new in- 
dexes all come from the yearlong craze 
of index mania.” said Lewis. Altfest, 
president of LJ. Altfest & Co., a New 
York-based financial planner. If he be- 
lieved the market was going to decline. 
Mr. Altfest said, he would not recom- 
mend that his clients buy put options on 
this index. 

. “There are contrarian funds,” he 

said. . 


Deutsche Denies Tax Allegation 

BLOW: Hohner Harmonicas Struggle to Survive in Global Market 

CampUnl fc» Oar Suff From Dispauim 


Deutsche Bank AG, Ger- 
many's largest bank, rejected 
a report Sunday in the 
magazine Der Spiegel that it 
might have to pay hundreds of 
millions of Deutsche marks in 
back taxes. 

Der Spiegel reported in this 
week's edition that the bank 
had received no final tax state- 
ments since 1985 because of 
disagreements over the bank ' s 
treatment in the late 1980s of 
bad loans to Eastern European 
and developing countries. The 

bank wrote off some loans on 
the grounds that there was no 
hope of foil repayment, the 
magazine said, but could now 
face a bill because auditors 
believed the write-downs had 
been too large. 

The magazine also said in- 
vestigators searching for ev- 
idence of tax fraud by Com- 
merzbank AG, Germany's 
fourth -largest b ank, had con- 
fiscated incriminating docu- 
ments from Commerzbank 
headquarters as well as from 
bank officials 1 homes. 

( Reuters . AP) 



Continued from Page 11 

from China and Japan. 

The company waited two 
days after the end of the 
Trossingen music festival be- 
fore it published its somber 
report for the year ended 
March 3 1. It said its loss had 
widened to 27.3 million 
Deutsche marks ($15.4 mil- 
lion) from 4 J5 million DM a 
year earlier, while sales 
dropped 14 percent to 67 mil- 
lion DM. 

Shareholders who have 
gone without a dividend since 
1895 have begun to demand 
radical steps to jazz up the 
results. Hohner' s shares, 
traded in Stuttgart, slumped 
12 percent to 35 DM last 

Ulrich Heine, Hohner's 
chief financial officer, said 
the company was looking to 

Asia, .where its rivals have 
emerged, to find sources for 
many of the ports now made 
in Trass ingen. 

The magnitude of the job 
cuts prompted the head of the 
company's workers' council, 
Willi Messner, to seek assur- 
ances that Hohner would not 
shutter the Trossingen works 
entirely. Mr. Heine dismissed 
those fears, saying Hohner 
could never survive as a pure 
marketing firm that licensed 
all the work to Asia and relied 
solely on its brand nam e. 

“We have to keep the core 
skills in Germany because we 
absolutely must be able to 
print ‘Made in Germany' on 
the instruments,” Mr. Heine 
said. Above all, the supple 
brass tuning reeds sand- 
wiched inside the instru- 
ment’s cover plates — die 
part of a harmonica that de- 

prime example of Germany's 
Mittelstand , the sort of inno- 

mands the most precision — 
are likely to be made, in 
Trossingen, he said. 

Hohner once ranked as a 
vative medium-sized busi- 
ness that dominated narrow 
market niches with high- 
quality products, often with 
impressive export success. 

Even amid Germany's 
painful economic restructur- 
ing, such firms remain the 
backbone of the German 
economy. Collectively they 
account for more than half of 
Germany's gross domestic 
product, employ two-thirds of 
its work force and have three- 
quarters of all its registered 

By 1880. Mr. Hohner be- 
came a pioneer exporter, dis- 
covering overwhelming ac- 
ceptance in freewheeling 

America for his instruments 
even as they failed to catch on 
in Europe's musical estab- 
lishment, according to Steve 
Baker,, a harmonica musician 
and author of several books 
on the instrument. 1 

“It is a very democratic 
instrument,” Mr. Baker said. 
“It is affordable, relatively 
easy to play, at least for simple 
pieces, ana accessible to the 
common man.” Tapping the.’ 
American export market, the 
Hohner company prospered, 
holding a global monopoly for 
more than a century. 

But over the past two de- 
cades, lower-priced rivals 
have arrived from China and 
Japan, and a decade ago the 
company decided on its first 
layoffs in Trossingen. Har- 
monica sales slid 5 percent 
last year, and accordion sales- 
fell 3 1 percent. 

World Bank Grants Aid to India 

HYDERABAD. India < Reuters) — The World Bank will 
provide $2 billion in aid to the southern Indian stare of Andlva 
Pradesh for development projects, Chandrababu Naidu, the . 
state's chief minister, said. .. . .. , . ■ 

The state, which is rich in agricultural resources and coal, 
has been a leader among provincial governments in India at Us. 
efforts to implement the details of an economic liberalization. 

pr Mr U Ncddil C S ^amrdav that half. of the aid would be 
devoted to three projects focusing on roads, disaster man- 
. agement and irrigation. 

Dutch Officials Raid 4 Brokerages 

AMSTERDAM, (Reuters) ~ Dutch justice officiaKiden- 
tified four brokerage firms whose offices had been searched in 
a major investigation into suspected money- laundwing and 
said the Amsterdam exchange was not blamed Rtf-any- 

‘^wr^uched ithe offices of Van Meer James Capel. 
Leemhuis & Van Loon, NIB Securities and Gestipn NV, ' 
Jeroen Steenbrink, a spokesman for the Amsterdam pros-.. 

ecutor, said Saturday. - ... 

Some 200 investigators raided the four brokers offices and ; . 
the stock exchange itself late Friday in the culmination of a 
six-month probe that also extended to Britain, Switzerland and 
the Caribbean island of Curacao. 

Three people were arrested on suspicion of belonging to a: < 
criminal organization involved in insider trading, bribery.; 
fraud, forgery and tax violations. 


4- * 


Telecom Italia a Bonanza for Rome 

• ROME (Reuters) — The government said it had raised 
almost $12 billion from the final sale of shares in Telecom 
Italia, with small investors sweeping up most of the stock in 
the country's biggest privatization. 

Treasury Minister Carlo Azeglio Ciampi said Saturday that 
just over 2 million Italians had signed up to buy into the., 
-world’s fifth -largest telecomm uni cations concern during last 
week's sale of 34 percent of the company. 

Even so, about 660,000 people will be left empty-handed as . 
banks draw names from a hat to see who will receive stock. 

Asterix Raises 325 Million Francs 

PARIS (Bloomberg) — - Parc Asterix SA, a theme park 
company based on the adventures of Asterix. a feisty Gallic 
cartoon character, raised 325 million francs ($54.6 million) 
from selling shares that will begin trading Monday. 

The success of Pqxc Asterix 's sale of 63.2 percent of its 
shares reflects the confidence investors have that the expected 
economic recovery m. France will help theme parks' profits, 
analysts said. 

OIL: Caspian Is Linked to West 


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Continued from Page 11 multiple pipeline routes out 

of the Caspian. 

® G® 8 Consortium Set Up 

Kazakhstan and Turk- The American energy com- 

menistan claim the bulk of pany Unocal has the largest 
Caspian oil and gas resources, stake in an international 
but they have to contend with pipeline consortium aiming to 
Russia, which still considers deliver gas from Turk- 
the region its sphere of in- menistan to Pakistan across 
fluence. Afghanistan, a Turkmen gas 

Hie United States has been official said Sunday, Reuters 
seeking to loosen defuse Rus- reported from Ashkhabad, 
sia’s control over the future Central Asia Gas Pipeline 
oil exports by encouraging Ltd. was set up Saturday. 



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•PAGE 18 



Arsenal Is Thwarted by Villa 

Manchester United Takes Over First Place With 7-0 Victory 


Arsenal failed to gain the victory it 
needed to go back on top of the English 
Premier League on Sunday as it drew. 
0-0, at home against Aston Villa. 

Arsenal finished the weekend a (Mint 
■behind the leader, Manchester United, 
which beat Barnsley 7-0 on Saturday. 

Villa was without Stan Collymore, 
who is suspended, and the Irishman 


Steve Staunton and the Serb Savo Mi- 
losevic, who are with their national 

Arsenal created the best of the 
chances, although Villa’s Dwight 
Yorke wasted a breakaway opportunity 
when he shot straight at David Seaman, 
the Arsenal goalkeeper. 

Emmanuel Petit, an Arsenal mid- 
fielder, was sent in the 82d minute for 
pushing the referee. Villa pressed in the 
final five minutes, but Arsenal held on. 

- Earlier on Sunday, Bolton Wanderers 
moved off the bottom of the Premier 
League with a 1-0 victory over fourth- 
place Chelsea. In the 71st minute, Scott 
Sellars whipped in a cross from the left 
for Dean Holdsworth to score his first 
goal for the club since his £2 million 
(S3.3 million) move from Wimbledon 
three matches ago. 

Argentina Diego Maradona re- 
turned after nearly one month out 
through injury as Boca Juniors bear 

archrival River Plate 2-1 with a con- 
troversial goal Saturday. 

But Maradona's contribution was 
slight. He only played for die first half, 
which ended with River deservedly 
leading 1-0. Boca turned the game 
around after Maradona had been re- 

Maradona, who failed a drug test this 
season, was allowed to resume playing 
after his lawyers contested the exam. He 
was again picked for the doping test 
after the game. 

Martin Palermo’s 67th-minute win- 
ner was greeted with furious protests as 
River players surrounded the referee, 
claiming that the goalkeeper, German 
Burgos, had been fouled by Boca's 
Colombian defender, Jorge Bermudez. 

Maradona had said he might retire 
after Saturday ’s game. 

France Paris Sl Germain beat Lens 
2-0 at home to go four points clear at the 
top of the French First Division on Sat- 

In Paris, Bruno N’Gotty scored from 
a 23d-minute free kick, and Rai back- 
heeled a brilliant second in the 47th. A 
Lens striker, Tony Vairelles, was sent 
off for a second yellow-card offense in 
the 37th minute. 

Metz, in second place, lost 1-0 at 
home to Montpellier. A 75th-minnte 
goal by Montpellier's Mahouve sent 
Metz to its fourth defeat in five games. 

Germany Bayern Munich extended 
its unbeaten streak to 11 games with a 2 - 

0 victory over Werder Bremen on Sat- 
urday. Carsteo Jancker, who struck 
twice in Bayern’s 5-1 demolition of 
Paris Sl Germain in the Champions’ 
League on Wednesday, put the German * 
champions in from from dose range in 
the 33d minute. 

Bayern closed to within four points of 
leader Kaiserslautern, which beat MSV 
Duisburg 1-0 on Friday. 

Borussia Dortmund, die European 
champion, ended a worrying run of sev- 
en league matches without a victory by 
beating Hansa Rostock 3-2. 

SCOTLAND Struggling Dundee 
United handed Glasgow Rangers their 
first league defeat of the season Sat- 
urday, allowing Celtic to leapfrog the 
champion into top spot with a 2-0 vic- 
tory over St.; Johnstone. 

United, second from the bottom with 
just one victory in nine games, won by 
2-1 at Tannadice. 

Robbie Winters put Dundee United 
ahead at 1 7 minutes after catching Andy 
Goram, die Rangers’ keeper, in pos- 
session as he tried to control a back- 

Marco Negri equalized after an hour. 
He has scored in nine successive league 
games, beating die 1977-78 record of 
eight held by Hibernian's Ally 

The hosts went back into the lead 
after 73 minutes when Goram brought 
down Steven Pressley in the box and 
Pressley himself scored from the spot 

Chelsea’s Tore Andre Flo sitting cm Bolton's Gerry Taggart as Bolton's Mark Fish piggybacked on 


Mark Hughes. 

Yon Gruenigen 
Takes Opening 
Giant Slalom 


TTGNES, France — Michael Von 
Gruenigen, the reigning world cham- 
pion, rallied in the second run on Sun- 
day to win the opening men’s giant 
slalom of the World Cup season. 

The Swiss skier competed the two 
legs in a total time of 2 minutes 24.29 

WoKlPCllH Klimt 

■ seconds on a course that dropped 400 
meters and is on a glacier more than 
3,000 meters above sea level. He was 
beaten by Hans Knauss of Austria in the 
first run and by another Austrian, Stefan 
Eberharter, in the second. But be made 
up enough time ou Knauss to win. 

Knauss led Von Gruenigen by 0.14 
seconds halfway down the second leg. 
But a mistake cost him more than a 

hand fi m— Prrwr 

MJcheal Von Gruenigen negotiating a turn in the giant slalom in Tignes. 

second, and be finished sixth. 

Eberharter clocked the 12th fastest 
time in the first run despite starting 42d. 
Eberharter was a double world cham- 
pion in 1991 but has since slumped. He 
finished fourth, 0.02 seconds behind 
Hermann Maier of Austria. 

Steve Locher of Switzerland, the 
winner of last season's opening giant 
slalom, had to be content with second 
place with a total tune of 2:24.86. Swiss 
and Austrian skiers took the first eight 
laces. Alberto Tomba of Italy placed 
"th, at 2:28.03. (Reuters. AP J 

Ewan Wins With Dazzling Free Skate 


The Associated Press 

DETROIT — Maybe Michelle Kwan 
thought she was Sleeping Beauty last 
year. Not so now. 

“I can say I came out of my coma 
everyone was saying I was in,” she said 
after beating rival Tara Lipinski at Skate 
America on Saturday night “This year, 
I have so much more love for the sr 
Last year, I went through a period wt 
I didn’t enjoy it as much. * 

Kwan, 17, couldn't have performed 
much better. She swept the judges’ pan- 
el with a flawless free skate. 

Lipinski, who deposed Kwan as U.S. 
and world champion last year, fell on a 
triple lutz, but her program didn’t have 
the overall artistry to match Kwan, who 
got all 5.8s for technical merit and 5.9s 
for artistic impression. 

“Even in warmups, I thought, This 
is really going well,’ ” Kwan said. “I 
couldn’t ask for more.” 

Todd Eldredge could He could have 
asked to stay upright in warmups and 
avoid spraining his shoulder in a nasty 
falL The four-time U.S. . champion 
crashed to die ice near the sideboards. 

He lay flat on the ice after breaking his 
fall with his right arm while his coach, 
Richard Callaghan, and a doctor tended 
to him. 

After nearly four minutes, he slowly 

got up and left the ice on his own. 
“There was a chunk of ice frozen to the 
surface, and I was just trying to. steer 
away when I hit it/’ he said. “I felt my 
shoulder go out right away. And then I 
turned over and felt it slip right back 

As the world junior champion Evgeni 
Plushenko finished his routine — he 
finished second — Scott Davis, who 
was next after Eldredge in the skating 
order, waited to go on the ice. 

Bat Eldredge, who trains nearby and 
was slcaring before a hometown audi- 
ence, suddenly burst through the cur- 
tains leading under the stands and 
moved past Davis. 

He snook his right arm continually as 
he warmed up while Plushenko's marks 
were being announced. Thai, to a huge 
ovation, the 1996 world champion hit 
five triple jumps in a somewhat con- 
servative but definitely courageous pro- 

gram. The Canadian judge was so im- 
pressed that she gave him a perfect 6.0 
for artistry, and Eldredge won his fifth 
Skate America and fourth in a row. 

“That's my first 6.0 in competition,” 
he said after returning from taking X- 
rays at Henry Ford HospitaL “Whan I 
went backstage, die doctors did some 
mobilization exercises to check my 
range of motion. Obviously, it hurt a 
great deal to move iL I was just going to 
try it anyway. If it hurt too much, I was 
going to stop.” 

The competition between the U.S. 
skating divas will continue to the end of 
the season, which culminates with the 
Nagano Olympics. Their first duel 
wasn’t close. 

“The mistake I made was not a big 
deal,” said Lipinski, 15, who became 
the youngest world and U.S. national 
champion last winter. ‘Tm .glad h 
didn't come from doubting myself. It 
gives me something to work for and 
keep motivated. 

Lipinski was second, and Russia's 
Elena Sokolova edged another Amer- 
ican, Angela Nikodwov, for third. 




MBA Phejeasow 

nuDAY** mum 
MHqwukoellXL Boston 98 
Now Jersey 101, Cleveland 100, OT 
Denver 114 Toronto 100 
Chicago 113, PtrikxMpNa 101 
Scene 11 4, Washington 73 
Detroit 83. Miami 78 
Charlotte 125. Mtanesrrta 100 
Indiana 101, Sacramento 71 
Golden Stole 107, Vancouver 100 
Porttand 97, LA. Cltopen SS 
LA. Lotos 93. Atlanta W 


Dcttott 92. Denver 88 . 
PMtwMphta lit Boston toi 
Washington 102, Atlanta 9420T 
Indiana SB, Chartotta 01 
Sacramento 87. CHcogo 81 
.MDwaokM 81, Miami 66 
San Antonia 89, New York CL OT 
Phoenix *V. Dalai 75 
■Utah 98. Portland 77 
■LA. Lotos BS. Seattle 79 


NHL Standings 





























Las Angeles 














San Jose 














Atlantic orvrswn 

W L T Pit OF GA 























N.Y. Rangers 







N.Y. biamtets 














Tampa Bay 

























































Tampa Bay 1 3 8—8 

N.Y.Ranatn 0 3 1—4 

First Psriodr T-Scflvonov 2 (Norton. 

VuitatO Second Period; T-PouBn 1 

(CIcaueflL Shaw). 3. New York, Sundstrom 3 
(Stevens, Driver! 4 T-Wlemer 3 (Ssttvanov) 
5, New York, La Fontaine 7 (Sweeney, Keane) 
4 Now York. Keane 1 (penally shat) TIM 
Period: New York, Gretzky « (Sundstrom, 
Stevens) Shots ea goaf: T- 11-9-7—27. New 
York 8-12-11-31. GsaUsK T-Schwoh 0-3-1 
(31 shots-27 saves). New York, Richter 3-3-3 

Dalkis 8 0 2-2 

Chicago 0 B 0—0 

Rnd Period: None. Second Period: None. 
TUrd Period: D-Nteuwsndyk 4 (Zubov) 2. D- 
. Verbeeh 3 (Chambers. Zubov) (pp>- Shots 
ea goal: D- 8-10-P-27. C- 7-10-5-22. 
Goattot: D-8dbur. C-TenvrL 
CaraSaa 1)10-3 

Cota rada 0 1 1 0-3 

First Period: Carolina ONeB 1 (Rice. 
Burt) top). Second Period: Cantona Kron 2 
(Brawn, Prlmeau) (pal. 3. Colorado, 
Foisted 4 CSckJc Deadmarsh) top): TUrd 
Period: Cantona Kaponea 4 (Wesley, Hafiarl 
(Pt». ft Colorado Messier 2 (Forsbstg, 
Lentous); 4 C-Oeodroonft 8 (Farebeig, 
Kunfl Overtime: None. Shed os goat 
Cantona 6-8-14-2-30. C- 11-10-12-3-31 
Gstoi**: Cantona Burke. C-Ray. 

Pittsburgh 8 2 1-2 

Edroaatea 8 2 2-4 

FW Period: Nooe. Second Period: P- 
Johonseonl (Francs. Otausson) 1 P-Okzyk 
4 (Jok Francis) up). 1 E -DeVries i (Kefiy, 
Gricrt A E -Murray 1 (Wright) ThM Period: 
E-Bodtoergrr 1 (Smith. Amort) & P-Frands 
6 (Jadamson Jogrt 7. E> MeGfife 1 
(Weight Mironov) (pp). Shots an goat p. 10- 
13-6—39. E- 13-6-9-28. Goritec P-Barrron 
6-3-1 G» shots- 24 Hvcs). E-Joseph 4-4-1 

W L T Ptf GF GA 

St. Louts 









































AmdMim 2 1 1—4 

N.Y. Islanders 0 j 1—2 

FbsT Period: A-Sandrinm 3 (Young. 

N Mironov) 2 A -Mirant™ 1 dm). Second 

Period: A-Setaane 4 (Nocetiia Sales 4 New 
York, Batted 4 (Berrozzi, Jonssan) Third 
4 n 30 Period: New York. Rrichri 5 (CzetkawsM) 4 

A- Young 2 (RuceNn Mfeamw) Csh-en). 
Shots sr geat A. 5^3-7-15. New York 17-9- 
13—39- Oodles: A-SMatentov. New York, 

Florida 2 1 2-5 

Boston 1 | 2-4 

First Period: F-Fltzgendd 2 (Undsay, 
SvehlqJ. 2 B-Corier 1 (Samsonov) 3, F- 
Sbeppanl 1 (Lous, HUonen) (pp). Second 
Period: B- Bourque 4 (Donato, McLaren) 
(pp). & Meftmby 4 (Motor. Gagner) Third 
Period: B-Samsonov 1 (KMsflch, Sweeney). 
7, B-Taytord (Bourque, DtMab) Ml). & F- 
Shepport 2 (Web WorrenerJ ft F-LIndsoy 2 
(TMamen, Morphy) Shots en goat: F- 11-7- 
11-29. B- 9-154-32. Goodes: F- 
VfmbiesbfDiick 3-4-1. B-Caroy 3-2-4. 
Montreal 2 2 0-4 

Ottawa 2 8 0—2 

First Period: O-YasMn S (Laukkanetv 
Rhodes) 2 M-Maman 2 (Brbetab 
DaraphMssc) (pp).3,M-, Rudniky3 (Bun) 
4 O-AMedseon 5 (PltoBps) Secmd Period: 
M-WDdel (Conan. Kotvu) 4 M-Rudnsky 3 
(Damphaum Bure) topi. Third P eriod No 
scoring. Starts on goto M- 6-12-3-3). 0-12- 
99-31 GeaHes: M-Moog 3-3-1. O-Rhodes 

San Jose 3 10-4 

New Jersey 1 3 0—3 

F*nt Porta* KJ.-McXay 7 (Odeieto 
Gibnouri (pp). 2, SJ.-GM 3 (Bodgert (pp).l 
SJ.- Nolan 1 (Hovtder); 4 SJrGranato 2 
(Friaen. Sturm) Second Petted: NJ.- 
Nledennaysr2(SyfcaraOddstn) (pp).9SJ.- 
Frisson 3 (Statoto Nolan) (pp). 7, NJ.- 
Wedamoyer 3 (GftiMK MadLean) (pp). 
Third Period: None. Shots on goat: SJ.- B-ll- 
3-22. NJ.- 911-4-24 Goalies: SJ.-Vemon 
3-4-CL N J.-D«nhani 1-1-0. 

CnJgary i l 1—3 

Toronto 2 2 0-4 

First Period: C-BowcHonl l (SOfanan 
Ftauiy). 2 T-Johnson 3 CSunfln, SdineMer) 
(pp). 3, T> Berezin 3 (Suntan) Second 
Period: T-DJdng 1 (Johmarv Korolev) 5, T- 
Sem8n24 C-Hostoad I (Govew Titov) TUrd 
Period: C-SflRman 6 (Fteaiy: Mctnnb) Shat* 
en goat: C- 15-199-34 T- 12-5-4—21. 
Goatfts: C-TabaraocL T-Pohrtn. 

Ceterado 1 ■ o~i 

Dales 0 1 2-3 

Fkst Period: C-Somtt 1 (Deodmatsta 
Gmrov) Second P tried: D-Adame 3 
(Modena Lengard m inact) Third Period; D- 
Vntwek 4 Ottaewendyk) 4 D> Modarta 9, 
Shots ea goto: C- 11-96—34 D- 15-8-6—29. 
Goatee C-IIay. D-Turok. 

Washington 1 8 1-2 

SL Lotos 1 2 2-5 

Mnt Period: SX--Hu« 8 (Yktoa CamptxD 
2 W-WB 1, Second Period: S-L-OemBro 4 
(PoesdMk, CowtardO 4 S-L-Yake 3. Third 

Period: SJ^-Pelerin 2 (Atcheynom, Conroy); 
& W-Cote 1 (Juneau, Johansson) 7, 5JL-, 
Madmis 6 (Conroy) SMi oa float: W- 5-10- 
3-18. Si-- 8-10-7-25 GaaHes: W-K0W9. 

Ptttahaitfi 0 111-3 

VenaHiMr 118 0-2 

Fkst ported: V-SOnger 1 (Nostund) 
Second Ported: V-ScnWmrd I (Hedkan 
SMngeri X P -Barnes 1 (Morozov. Brown) 
ThM Period: P-Otayk 5 (WMnsaiv 
P.Fenon) 0*Hthne:& P-HotcherJ (Slraka 
Fronds}. Shots en goal: P- 6-1 3-1 5-1— 35 V- 
10-6-5-0—19. Gaafless P-Wiegget Barrasso 
7-3-1 . V-McLean 2-5-2. 


— auow Coii-EQE Scores 

Army 35 Cotgale 27 
BocknM 18 Holy Cross 6 
Columbia 21, YnlelD 
Corned 45 Fotrihotn 13 
Delaware 4a MassafihusaHs 9 
Harvard 14 Princeton 12 
LeMflh4& Dartmouto 26 
Pwm 31, Brown 10 
Pdistnngh 55, Rutflecs 40. 2QT 
Wat Vlqrinht SIVVhginia Tech 17 
Atabomo 29, Mississippi 20 
Qeroson 2A Maryland 9 
Florida St 47. Virginia 21 
Georgia 2XKentocKjl 13 
Houston 36. LouisvBe 22 
Jackson St 23, Grambtato St 0 
MonhaH48, E.MkNflan25 
Miami 47, Temple 15 
Mississippi St. 35 Cent: Florida 28 
South Cantona 35 Vanderttot 3 
SauttKin Mis. 34 Tukme 13 
Indiana SL 14 HBnois St. U 20T 
lawa6Z ImSanaO 
tawaSL 24 Baylor 17 
Mfchfgan 24 Michigan SL 7 
Nebraska 35 Kansas a 
Notre Dame 52. Boston CoBege 20 
Ohio St 49, Northwe s tern 6 
Purdue 48. Moots 3 
Toledo 35 Bawfing Green 20 
Wisconsin 22. Minnesota 21 
Aabem 24 Aitronros 21 
Colorado 47, T«as30 
Kansas St 24 Oktaheam 7 
Mtasoorl 51, OMahoma St 5a 2OT 
Tame Tech 14 Texas A4M 13 
Brigham Young 31. Texas Christian 1 0 
Sob Jose St 25, Ah- Force 22 
Southern Cd 24. Oregon 22 
Tulsa at Cotoada SL pprL snow 
UCLA 3i California 17 
UWillNew Mexico 10 


~ Memorable Moments from Johnnie Walker: DhK (1 P u iih lirnmni C< 


_ '971 


Utah SL 63, Idaho 17 
Washington 45, Oregon St. 17 
WasWngton SL 35 Arizona 34 OT 

Top 25 Comae Results 

How tap 2S teams in The As e oci atari 
Praeo' ertoege looibetl poll fnri Setraxtey: 

No. i Nebraska D-49 beat Kansas 35-0. 
Nerd: vs. OkJattoma Saturday- Ns. 2 Penn 
State (6-o) did not play. Nest at Northwest- 
anv Saturday. No. 3 Florida State (7-Q beat 
Vhgtala 47-21 . Nah es. Nortti Cantona State, 
Saturday. No. 4 North CoiAh U-V did not 
play- Next at Georgia Tech, Oct 30. Ns, 5 
Michigan (M) beat No. 15 Michigan State 
23-7. Next: es. Minnesota. Saturday. 

No. 6 FtotUa (6-1) dU nut play. Nad: vs. 
No. 16 Georgia Stfuntoy. No. 7 WosUagtoa 
(6-1) beat Oregon State 45-17. Next vs. 
Southern 04 Saturday. No. 8 Thnnessee (5- 
1) dd not play. Next vs. South Caraana, Sat- 
urday. No. 9 Otto) State CM) beat Nortti- 
western 494 Next at No. 15 Michigan Stato 
Saturday. Na.ll WashtaQtan Stcde D-d) beat 
Aitama 35-34 OT. Next at No. 23 Arizona 
Stato Saturday. 

Na.ll Auburn C7-I) beat Ariuatsas 26-21. 
Nrofc vs. Mississippi Stato Saturday. No. 12 
Ofttahenro State (6-1) tost to Missouri 51-54 
20T. Next: at No. 20 Texas A&M. Saturday. 
No. 13 UCLA (6-2) beat Csttonda 35-17. 
Next at Stanford, Saturday, No. 14 Kaasas 
State (6-1) boot Oklahoma 26-7. Next: at 
Texas Tech, Saturday. No. lS AUdrigon state 
CKO lost to N& 5 Michigan 23-7. Next w. No. 
9 Ohio Stato Saturday. 

No. 16 Geor^a (6-1) beat Kentucky 23-13. 
Next at No. 6 Florida, Sahnday. No. 77 LSU 
(5*2) did mri play. Next at Kerdudcy. Sat- 
urday. No. 18 lata B-O beat Indana 624 
Next; vs. No. 22 Purdue. Saturday. Ha. 19 
Vhgtela Tech C5-2) last to No. 21 Went Vk- 
gtnla 30-17. Nod: «. Atabama-Blrraintfwm. 
Saturday. No. 28 Itens AIM (5-2) lost to 
Texas Tech 16-13. Next: vs. No. 12 OMatioma 
Stato Saturday. 

No. 21 West Vkgtata (6-1) benl No. 19 
Vbgbiia Tech 30-17. Next: rri Syracuse, Sal- 
mday. No. 22 Purdes (6-1) beat iBnais 48-3. 
Next at NkL 18 laeva; Saturday. No. 23 Ar|- 
xono State C5-2) did not ploy. Next vs. No. 10 
Wta shto g hn State. No- 24 Thlerie (748. beat 
Bawflng Green 35-20. Nexbve. ABair40Ma 
abmna 2920. Next vs. Artamsas. Nov. 4 

CFL Standi mcs 

W L TPts. PF PA 
x-Toronto ' 15 2 0 30 822 284 
^Montreal 12 5 0 24 466 494 

Whanpeg 4 14 0 S 443 548 

Hontoton 2 16 0 4 362 549 

x -Edmonton 13 6 0 24 479 400 

x-Catgroy 9 10 D 18 476 434 

x-Brtt. Ctfamtta 8 9 0 16 420 493 

SaskrtMtawan 8 10 0 16 413 479 

x-dbiched playoff berth 

Fridays Reson 
Wbirtpeg 55 Saskaktewan 9 
Soturdar* Result 


European Grand Pmx 

80U32 KUNEramriauu Buaq 

l. MAfl Hflfldtirttft FMand McUawiih.» 
IB. &TJ72 s. (18SJM0 ktWl 15.14S OVphJ 
2 DavM Coullfaato BrtL Mdjnea at 1 A54 s. 

3. Jacques vnammrCaa. WSSaiH I JW ' 

4. Gerhard Bargee Aariria BeneAoa 1 J919 

5. Eddie Irvine, Ferrari 3J89 


7. Ofivler Prods, France, Pran-J.MS 

8. Johnny Herbert Gasouher 1:12561 - 

9. Jan Mag mw eftFtoi Stewart YJ1JB/ 

1<L ShlnpNekana Japan. Proct 1:15215 - 

DfHVEnP mAL flNteenL- L VB- 
teneuveai pobdji'Z Mkhod Schunwhet 
Germany Funari 78i 3. Frenlzen 42:4 eauaL 
Jean AiesL Franca Beneffon, 34? 4 
CouBhart 36; 6 ecjoaL Gerhard »r 6.eaeaL 
HoMdnen 27 1 & Urine 24r 9. Gtamirto- 
Franca. Prost 16; 1 


MCS: l.WWoms IB potato 2 Ferrari 102: 
1 Benetton 6»X- McLaren <& 5 Jadmi33;4 
Prost?!; 7.Soubwlfi8. Arrows fcB.Stewnrt- 
4KLTymei2. . 

South Africa: 239 ond 214 


Loedlng scores Sunday in 120 raBBon yen 
(S9B8JHM) Bridgeeuoa Open on 7,131-yard 
(5BD7-4MK0I), par-72 Sottegaws Country 
CWb coma In CNIm. Jism 
M."JurnboTtad4 Jap. 66-70-71-66—273 

5MaruyamarJap 71-796669-274 

Tate) "Jar OznkL Jap 686668-72-274 

Frankie Mbusa PhS. 72-6468-72-276 

Shingo Katayama Jap 6970-7267-278 

Berntwd Langec Gar. 6970-7967—278 

Tore Natamura, Jap 71-7067-70—278 

Kaz-HosakowaJap 69796970-278 

Yostunari Kanaka Jap 706967-72-278 

Stewart Girm, Australia 71697366-279 

Brian Watts. U5. 69706972-279 

Kftnwhi Marta Jup 72676972-279 

K. Mlyumota Jap 68696973— Z79 

OKI Pbo-Am 

LaetSog scoiee Sunday eltar (tael round 
at 8724JM0 ON ProAn on pen-72, 8JB1- 
yard (5JH9mater) U Horalafa God Club 
courea In Madrid. 5pabu 
Paul McGWoy, Ireland 66676469-266 

lain Pymaa England 68696964-270 

Greg G.Tumer, N. Zed. 696867-69-273 

Raymond RussdLScut. 66696971—274 

Howard dark. Eng. . 7067-7266-275 

Jose Rivera Spain 65-736869-275 

Jonathmi Lomas, Eng. 67696970-275 

M. Mackenzie, Eng. ‘ 70696869-276 

Peter Baton; England 69726868-277 

MA. Jbnenca. Spain 676972-70-277 

5 Ames, Trfn. and Tab. 71676970-277 

France 32. Argenltaa 27 
Italy 55 Romania 32 

raw. mNDmeec France 9 potato Ai^ 
genflna 6c Italy 6f Romania 3. 

TuarmanliAastroSa». ' ' 
Western Province 14, Free Stole 12 

Kovmcuu CBAMPKHm 

Sunday mcHnaTmmcH ■ 
Cwtetbur/ 44, Cobn&s-MnDofccra 13 

ttwmkjiitem i, DobburgO 
Schulte 04 2 Bochum 0 
Wotfefcuig 2, Arrairta BlefcWd 0 

Borweia Dortmund a Hansa Rostock 2 
Heitha Beribi 3, KartsmherSC i 
Bayam Mardch 2 Werder Bremen 0 
Hamburger), I860 Munich 2 
MoendwnyitKiboiJi 5. Bayar Levetkosoa 2 

Cologne 4, Shrtigait2 

stmonnqsi Kohemloutera 39 points 
Baywo Munich 25; Sctidw 04 21; Hoar 
R«fodt » Stuttgart ]&- Wolfsburg lli Duis- 
«H9 17) Bayer Leverkusen Ifi; Hamburger 
16i Arm bdo Btetefrin tSr I860 Monlcb lSc 
Wertler B remen IS,- Mosneheng k id bo d h 14 
Coteflne ,3i ***■ 

WttfterSC 11 Bochum 11; HerttnBerifai9. 

Coventry 0. BierionO 

Mowhtater Untted 7. Barnsley o 
Newowto L Blackburn 1, fie 
Sht jBtM We dnesday l,CryslolPalQcg3 
Tritenhom 3 
Wbohltetoni. Leeds 0 

Arsonold AstanVlBao 
Botton LChefccoO 

' tolANMioiUi Manchester U. 23 pokris 
Arscrd 24 Btacttwn 21 Chabca lfclS 
Tft Leeds 1ft- 
WW Ham 1& 

CtygnlPeio ee 15; Aston VOa 14,- Tottenham 
liooven tty llEwrton il Ballun 1 ft Sout- 
bamphn life Sheffield Wed. 9: BrensieyO. 

■H u am msTHrtBow 

Deportiw Coruna l,C0ta Vigo 1 
ReolBrtfs). CompostetaO 
SakUBoncn 1, Zaragoza 2 
Real Sodedad 2 Merida 1 
GQonl, AMeticBto)oo2 
BarcrionaZ Radng Santander 0 

Banzkma 22 potato Real 
Morbid 1ft Real Sodedad 14 Crita Vigo 11 
Attettco MadrMIAMatocca 1* Esponyol 11 
Real Betts 11 Afdettc Bffim 11; Radng San- 
tander Ufe Oviedo 10c Zaragan life Deporitvo 
Coruna Teneriteft Compasteia ft Vdterda St 
Marido & Sakananca 4 VdSadoBd 4- Gfon 1. 

Paris St Gemrata 2 Lens 0 
Metz Z MontpeBer 1 
Bosttal, OtympIqaeMraseOel 
OlymplQue Lyon a-Toukwse 0 
Ramos 1 Strasbourg l 
ChoteouimK Z En AwntGutagomp 2 
Cannes 1. Ls Havre 1 
Monaco a Amaral 

STAND MOSi PSG 30 potato Metz 2 Or 
Bordeaux 2& MuraeBte 24- Aunrre 21; Las 
21; Monacs 2ft Bastfa 1ft Toulouse T9t Monh 
peffiar 17; Lyon 16; Gotagamp 15; Strasbourg 
II Rennes 11 Nantes llOutaauroux HLe 
Havre! Cannes 8. 

SaurH Arabia I, limo '* 

i ^ 1 P 0 ** 1 **- Soodl Arobla 

life Kuwait ft Chha 77 Oatu-4. 


ItebekWan 4 Kazakhstan 0 
Jopon 1, Arab Emirates drew l 

tow W potato Un8 
rt Artoi Ett rirotes ft Japan ft Kaznkhslcmft 
Uzbekistan 5. 

World Cup 

«n»DAY a nans, faance 

i.omoraft cornprrononL IWy. two minutes 

Erif *52i'5y WW * Z «»«na 

ErtL Germany, 17L73, 1:1KWI:1X6* 1 

Fortkord. Sweden, 227 30, 
^ toln Rolen SWttecritxKt, 
Z27J& l :12Wl:144ft 5. Kflflg Sd *££, 

Otoron &teden,12m i ii^ftl:^ 7. 

^rtet. 9 w,uaL Arrtt0 

Ylva Nowcn, Sweden. 12931 
1:14,9^1:1435. ^ 

WMtoD oupsrAMMMa*: LENIN 
P^a-CamaBrnyH 114 ,- 1 ujfa PtcainL 
Ftaitt,lia4 Yhro Nw ren. Swedwi WJftS. 

SJ®" 1 " TWNtta. FRANCE 


Sjritatatad. 23486. IdMvSSfe I hS 

EBortwtiBii Austria Msjr 

l:lOJ8n:l45tfe S. Urx KocOa IwBMtiu 


ealgefl 129 potato 2 equaL Hermann Motor, 
Austria 121 2 equal. Josef Strata, Austria 
12ft 4 Aomodt 109: 5. Locher 91 6 squat 
Slogfried Vogbetter, Austria 51 6 equal Al- 
berto Tomba Italy, 51 ft ScMffimr 5ft 9. 
Knauss 54- 10. EbertuitarSO. 


m aruTTOAnr. aemiANv 


Park* Ratter (3), Ausfrafe def. Todd 
Marita, UA. 46. 76 (97), 66. 

RMtatd Kraflcek 061. Netherlands. deL .. 
Magnus Union Sweden 6-Z 7-5. ' 

Petr Korda (15), Czech Repubfc, del 
Ratter 66, 76 (7-3). 

Krafrcek deL Janos Bforianan 03), Swe- 
den 66, 36. 93. 


Korda def. Kntfcek 76 (86), 6-Z 6-4 

PSV Etadhovenft MW Moasriricht 0 
Gmnfsehap Doednchem 1. Heerenveen 2 
Utrecht ZNECNffroegen 4 
Sparta Rotterdam 1, Groningen 1 
RKC Watawtlk V Votendam 1 
Twente Enschede 1, Rada JC Katande 2 
VBesse Arnhem 1. Forhrna stttaid a 
Ajax Amsterdam 4 Ftryenoard 0 
stamjmomi Ajax Amsterdom 33 potato . 
PSV EhdhowBD 2ft Heerenveen 24 Vitesse 
Arnhem 21; Feyenoatd 2ft Twente Easched* 
1ft I hxta JC Kerkrade 1ft Sparta Rotterdam 
1* 14 ? Prootsxtmp Daennehem 

Breda 11 Wffiem 
II TBburs 11 Fortune Stttaid 11; RKC Waal- 

vrfk 1 ft irtmetrt ft Votendam ftMaostridit 4 
VMenmgo 4 Slra msfloifaa ia 



Juan Albert VBoca, Spain def. Juart-An- 
tanta Marin Spain, 6-4 6-2. 

Frsndsa) CJovet Spain 01 def. Andre Sa 

Btazft6-1 76 D-4). 

Nladn Lapenttl Ecuador, def. Emflio AF 
vam, Spota, 6-Z4-ft 7-5- 

Fernando MefigenL Brazfi, cteL Lucas 
AmoU, Argentina 2 -ft 76 D- 4 ), 90. 

Ctavrrl det Lapenttl 7-5, 76 (7-51. 

Vitocn del. MeOgeni 81 6-1. 



Amanda CoetwrniS. Africa def. MWom 
Orarwro Nettmtands, 7-S 6-7 (4-n. 6-4 
9mFMAL8 ' 

Cotarer def. Katarina Sludenffcova Slo- 
vaMa.81,36 6-0. 

Brebara Pauius (51 Austria de£ Anpe- 
Gaette SMat Franca 6-1 6-4. 


Coetzer def. Paatas 6-4 3-97-5. 


Van Roost (4), Belgium, del 
Jotene Wbntoba U^, 6 - 1 , 6-1 

Rubin IS). UA. def. Alafandro 
Vento Venezuela 6-4 6-1. 


dot Corino Atorariuu UJL 16, 6-Z 6 - 1 . 

Lba Raymond, (2) def. Mogdetena 
Gnytwwsha Potantt ( 7 ), s-2 76 

Bchuttz -McCarthy def. Rubin 91 66. 

Von Roost def. Raymond 6-Z 36 6-1. 

“r™ hfffitttortloW boxer AndrewC 
S5SW tar using 0 potn kttter before Ws 1 
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PAGE 19 

*° T(A6 Interceptions 
. ' Power Michigan 

State Rival Crushed, 23-7 


The Associated Press 

Michigan used six inter- 
. options, including two each 
■* fay Charles Woodson and 
Marcus Ray, to beat No. 15 
- Michigan State, 23-7. 

? . Michigan State's only 
points Saturday came on a 
fake field goal, when holder 
Bill Burke threw a 22-yard 

touchdown pass to Sedrick 
A. Irvin in the first quarter, 
fl Michigan, ranked No. 5, still 
has not given up a point in the 
fourth quarter this season. 

Brian Griese and Chris 
Howard ran for touchdowns 
* for the Wolverines (7-0, 4-0 
Big Ten), who have a show- 
; down date Nov. 8 with No. 2 
Penn State. The host Spartans 
(5-2, 2-2) lost their second in 
a rojv after opening the season 
with five victories. 

Mmouri 51, No. 12 Oklaho- 
ma State 50 In Stillwater, 
Oklahoma, Corby Jones 
scored on a 1 5-yard run in the 
second overtime as Missouri 
recovered after blowing a 23- 
point lead. Jones's touch- 
down and the point-after kick 
by Scott Knickman gave Mis- 
souri(5-3,3-2Big 12)a51-44 
lead. Oklahoma State (6-1,3- 
2) got within a point on a six- 
yard keeper by Tony Lindsay, 
the Cowboys' quarterback, 

~ but he was stopped well short 
of die goal line on a two-point 
conversion attempt 

No. 1 Nebraska 35, Kansas 

o In Lawrence. Kansas. Scott 
Frost rushed for 12) yards 
and two touchdowns as Neb- 
raska overcame a brief power 
failure and a cold, driving rain 
to beat Kansas (4-4, 2-3 Big 

* 12) for the 29th time in a 

Ahman Green bad 123 


yards and one score, and full- 
back Jod Makovjcka scored 
two touchdowns for Neb- 
raska (7-0, 44)), which is off 
to a 7-0 start fa- the 10th time 
in Tom Osborne's 25 years as 

No. 3 Florida St. 47, Virginia 

21 In Charlottesville, Virgin- 
ia, Florida State scored touch- 
downs on three of its first five 
plays from scri mmag e a nd 
avenged its only Atlantic 
Coast Conference loss in 45 
games. The No. 3 Seminoles 
(7-0, 5-0 Atlantic Coast Con- 
ference) lost in Charlottes- 
ville two years ago. 

Travis Minor ran 87 yards 
for a score on die Seminoles' 
first play from scrimmage. 

No. 7 Washington 45, Oro. 
gon State 17 In Cor vallis . 

Oregon, Rashaan Shehee 
rushed for 169 yards and two 
touchdowns, his fourth con- 
secutive 100-yard game, as 
Washington (6-1, 4-0 Pae- 1 0) 
scored 35 unanswered points 
in the second half to beat Ore- 
gon State (3-4, 0-4). 

No. 9 Ohio St. 49, North- 
western s In Columbus, 
Ohio, Joe Germaine threw 
three touchdown passes, in- 
cluding two to Dee Miller, as 
Ohio State (7-1, 3-1 Big Ten) 
rolled over Northwestern (3- 
6. 1-4). 

No. 10 Washington St. 35, 
Arizona 34 In Pullman, Wash- 
ington, Ryan Leafs one-yard 
touchdown dive gave Wash- 
ington State (7-0, 5-0 Pac- 10) 
the overtime victory over Ari- 
zona (3-5, 1-4). Leaf, the top- 
rated passer in the nation, 
threw for a career-high 384 
yards and three TDs. 

No. 1 1 Auburn 26, Arkansas 
21 In Fayetteville, Arkansas, 
Dameyurie Craig burned an 
Arkansas blitz for a 70-yard 
touchdown pass and Jaret 

Eagles Stop Dallas 
With a Late TD 

>n Kflfc-hAwTV luM-Minl IV- 

The Wolverines' Chris Howard, left, trying to escape the hot pursuit of Michigan State's Courtney Ledyard. 

Holmes kicked four field 

f oals as Auburn (7-1, 4-1 
outheastem Conference) 
built a 1 9-point lead and hung 
on to beat stubborn Arkansas 
(3-4, 1-3) 

No. 13 UCLA 35, California 

17 In Pasadena, California, 
Jim McELroy caught two 
touchdown passes from Cade 
McNcrwn and ran for another 
score as UCLA (6-2, 4-1 Pac- 
10) won its sixth in a row. 
McNown threw for 259 yards 
to become UCLA's career 
leader in passing yardage 
with 6,261. 

No. 14 Kansas St. 28, Okla- 
homa 7 In Norman, Oklaho- 
ma, Michael Bishop ran for 
one touchdown and passed 
for. another as Kansas State 
(6-1, 3-1 Big 12) beat Okla- 
homa (3-5, 1-3) for the fifth 
straight time. 

No. 16 Georg ia 23, Ken- 
tucky is In Athens, Georgia, 
Robert Edwards rushed for a 
career-high 186 yards as 

Georgia (6-1, 4-1 SEC) shut 
down Kentucky. 

Ho. 18 Iowa 62, Indiana O In 

Iowa City, Randy Reiners ran 
fa- a touchdown and threw for 
two in his first start and Tim 
Dwight scored on a 92-yard 

S unt return as Iowa (5-2, 2-2 
Ten) routed Indiana (1-7, 

No. 21 W4st Virginia 30, No. 
19 Virginia Teeft 17 hr Mor- 
gantown, West Virginia, 
Marc Bulger threw for one 
touchdown and ran for an- 
other and Amos Zereoue 
rushed for 153 yards and a 
score to lead West Virginia 
(6-1, 3-1 Big East) over Vir- 
ginia Tech (5-2, 4-1). 

Taxas Tech 16, No. 20 Texas 

ash is Tony Rogers won it 
for Texas Tech (4-3, 3-1 Big 
12) with a 47-yard field goal 
that hit the left upright and 
bounced through with 19 
seconds left in Lubbock 
against A&M (5-2, 2-2). 

No. 22 Purdue 48, Illinois 3 

For Ogea, Beginner’s Luck With a Bat 


Washington Post Service 
TAM3 — Chad Ogea, the Clev- 
eland Indians' pitcher whose 
.last base hit. came in high 
’ school, beat Kevin Brown, the Marlins’ 
ace, all by himself with a bases-loaded 
- single and a leadoff double that led to a 
total of three runs. ■ 

In Game 2, Ogea also outpitched 
Brown, winning, 6-1. So. the Martins’ 
$13 ntiltion free agent was beaten head- 
. to-head twice by a 26-year-old with an 8- 
9 record and a 4.99 earned-run average. 

In Game 2, Ogea was performing at 
the high end of nis professional talent, 
r proving that, on his best night, he could 
go 636 innings in the World Series and 
* aflow only one run. That was pitching. 

Saturday night was something else 
- -w entir ely. Ogea lasted five innings and 
• allowed one run. He got the victory. But 
every soul in Pro Player Stadium knew 
the truth. Ogea might-as well have won 
a uniform stitched out- of rabbits’ feet 
Jeff Conine was the perfect symbolic 
Marlin against Ogea. He may not have 
hit two h alls harder all season than his 
towering fly to center and bis too-fast- 
for-the-eye-to-see line drive to left. Both 
were caught Even Brown barely missed 
a retaliatory homer of his own, his long 
fly dying at the left-field wall. 

Sometimes, die fetes touch the 
shoulder of a humble big leaguer of 
normal ability and every act he attempts 
, is blessed. His mistakes are forgiven. 
That was Ogea on Saturday. 

As he left the mound, Ogea leaped 
over the third-base line — so be 
wouldn’t touch it and get bad luck. Son, 
don’t press »l Y on ’ ve used up a career of 

Vantage Point/ Thomas Bos well 


Perhaps the longest lasting image in 
this game will be Ogea at bat in the 
second inning. With the bases loaded 

and one out, the correct strategy was 
simple: strike out That is to say, don’t 
ground into an double play against 
Brown’s sinkerbaU. Make sure that Bip 
Roberts, in the on-deck circle, gets to 

Ogea battled through seven pitches. 
He stood so far from the plate that he 
looked like he needed a lawn tool, not a 
mere bat, to reach the outside comer. 

Pitchers no longer bat in college or in 
the minors. As an American Leaguer, 
Ogea had only four career plate ap- 
pearances — ail this year in interleaf 
play. He was 0 for 2 with two " ' ' 

There’s oily one pitcher 
whom Ogea had any experience: 

Brown three times in Game 2. At the 
moment, be has actually seen Brown 
five times and all the other pitchers on 
Earth four times. “The hitters will laugh 
at me, but I actually saw the ball good 
against him last time," Ogea said. “Fm 
glad he didn’t throw me any breaking 
balls tonight I probably wouldn't have 
had too much luck." 

Baseball may have no more stubborn 
player than Brown. It has always been 
his clubhouse trademark. Nobody can 
tell Kevin Brown anything. His eight 
straight fastballs to Ogea were right in 
character. As his at-bat progressed, 
Ogea actually seemed to gain confi- 
dence. He ticked four pitches. The fourth 
bounced up and smacked him in the face. 
On the next pitch, he smacked Brown. 

All night, Ogea had hung sliders and 
left his modest fastball in the center of 

bal/with erronnous! swings or crush it 
directly at fielders. Now, Brown threw a 

textbook 2-2 fastball exactly on the low- 
outside comer. 

. Ogea poked at the blur with his garden 
rake and caught the ball squarely on the 
last inch of the bal For an instant, it 
seemed that his tine drive to first would 
end up in Conine’s glove for an easy 
double play with the runner trapped off 
first base. Conine’s lunge was inches 

“This was one of those freak games," 
said Jim Ley land, the Florida manager. 
Ley land also said that Ogea’s pitching 
“impressed" him. The alternative? Ad- 
mit how much his Marlins were pressing 
and overswinging- You don’t say that 
before Game 7. 


(ERHAPS Brown did not truly be- 
lieve fee freak hit that had wounded 
him so badly. The Marlins’ right- 
hander, besides his 17-11 record, has a 
degree in chemical engineering from 
Georgia Tech. He clearly needed more 
evidence feat a pitcher with a .060 career 
average could whack fee great Brown. 
The experiment had to be duplicated. 

So, when Ogea led off fee fifth inning, 
Brown started him with exactly fee same 
pitch — a fastball low and away. And 
Ogea did exactly the same thing — poke 
a lino: to Conine's left Conine dived. 
Nada. Zip. After a death-ktefyihg slide, 
Ogea got nis double as fee ball rattled in 
the right field comer. 

Before the inning was done; Ogea 
scored on a long sacrifice fly. Back in fee 
dngout, teammates poured water over 
his head to revive him and pressed com- 
pacts on his neck to prepare him for fee 
next inning . All that was missing was a 
ring girl and a cut man. 

Penguins Rslly in OX to Dcfcflt Canucks^ 3-2 

The Associated Press 

The Pittsburgh Penguins 
continued to make the best of 
the longest road trip in fran- 
chise history, rallying to beat 
fee Vancouver Canucks, 3-2, 
on Kevin Hatcher's overtime 

Hatcher scored 42 seconds 
into overtime on Saturday 
night, ! skating around a 
sprawling Vancouver de- 
fenseman, Brel Hedican, be- 


fore lifting a backhander over 
the right shoulder of Kirk 
McLean in goal. 

The Canucks blew a two- 
goal lead Mid wasted a bril- 
liant 32-save effort from 
McLean as they were outshot. 
35-19, by a Penguins team 
that was playing its seventh 
road game in 1 1 nights. 

Ken Wregget, who had to 
leave early because of an in- 
jury, and Tom Barrasso com - 
bitted for 17 saves for the Pen- 
. guins. 

Mighty Ducks 4, l*t***"™* 

Teemu Selanne scored tire 

game-winning goal on a 

second-penod breakaway 
and Mikhail Shtalenkov 

made 37 saves as visiting 
Anaheim beat the New York 
Islanders. . 

Tomas SaDdstrom, Dmitn 
Mironov and Scott Young 
also scored for the Mighty 
Ducks, who evened their re- 
cord at 4-4-2. Bryan Berard 
and Robert Rdchel scored for 
fee Islanders. 

Panther* 5, Bruins 4 Bdl 

Lindsay broke a tie late in the 
third period to lead Florida to 
victory in Boston, ending the 
Bruins’ undefeated streak at 

six games. , . 

Ray Sheppard scored twice 
for the Panthers — his first 
two goals of the season -- to 
run his career total to 306 in 
his 1 1th NHL campaign. 

Canadians 4, StWlfl" 2 

Martin Rucinsky, scored ^ 
goals as Montreal handed Ot- 
tawa its first home defeat of 
fee season and its first m iu 
games going back to last sea- 

S °Shartai 4, D«vN 3 Todd 

Gill, Owen Nolan and Tony 
Gianato scored in a span of 
2:33 late in the first period to 

spark San Jose to victory in 
New Jersey. Jeff Friesen also 
scored for fee Sharks, who 
ended a four-game losing 

Hapla Leafs 4* Flames 3 

Mats Sundin, the Toronto 
captain, scored one goal and 
contributed assists on 1 two 
others to lead the Maple Leafs 
to their first home victory of 
fee seasoa- 

Stars 3, Avalanche 1 In 

Dallas, Pat Verbeek and Mike 
Modano scored third-period 
goals, handing goaltender 
Patrick Roy his first loss of 
fee season. 

Bines 5, Capitals 2 In St. 

Louis, Brett Hull scored his 
eighth goal and Grant Fuhr 
stopped 16 shots to lead fee 
Blues to their first vietoiy 
over Washington since 1992. 

Don't miss (ho upcoming 
Sponsored Section on 

Travel for Knowledge 

on November H). 1 99 , 



In Champaign, Illinois, Billy 
Dicken threw for two touch- 
downs and ran for one as 
Purdue (6-1, 4-0 Big Ten) 
won its sixth straight game. 

Alabama 29, No. 25 Mfsaw* 

mippi 20 In Oxford, Missis- 



Curtis Alexander 
for 141 yards, includ- 
ing a 56-yard touchdown 
scamper in fee third quarter, 
as Alabama (4-3, 2-3 SEC) 
rallied to beat Mississippi (4- 
3. 2-3). 

Kicker Lifts Crimson 

Carf/iM trr Ow Sioff Fm* Dejxa.iVrr 

Princeton prevented Harvard's high-scoring offense 
from scoring a touchdown, but still lost Mike Giampaoio 
kicked four field goals to lift the Crimson (5-1, 3-0 Ivy 
League) to a 14-12 victory over Princeton (4-2, 1-2) before 
a rain-drenched crowd of about 2,000 at Harvard Stadium 
in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Princeton grabbed a 12-8 lead in fee fourth quarter, 
thanks to a 65-yard pass from Harry Nakielny to Ryan 
Crowley, but Harvard rallied wife two field goals. The 
first one, a 2l-yarder, was tipped by a Princeton tackle, 
Dave Ferrara, and barely made it over fee crossbar. The 
last one, a 43-yarder, also just cleared fee bar. 

Cotuntbia 21, Yale io Columbia streaked to a 21-0 lead 
in the opening period, then hung on for victory over Yale 
( 1-5, 0-3) before a homecoming crowd of 4,665 at Baker 
Field in Manhattan. 

Penn 31, Brown io James Finn rushed for 94 yards and 
scored three touchdowns as Penn beat Brown in Phil- 
adelphia. Matt Rader, die quarterback for Penn (3-3, 2- 1 Ivy 
League), completed 19 of 30 passes for 334 yards and a 
touchdown. Doug O’Neil caught four passes for 93 yards. 

Lehigh 46, Dartmouth 28 Rabfe Abdullah of Lehigh 
ground our 186 yards rushing and scored four times as 
Lehigh snapped Dartmouth's unbeaten streak at 22 
games. (AP, NIT) 

The AssoeiJKti Press 

The Philadelphia Eagles 
scored fee game ’s only touch- 
down with 45 seconds to play 
on Sunday io beat fee Dallas 
Cowboys 13-12. 

The Eagles defense also 
played its pan. sacking the 
Dallas quarterbacks ~ five 

NFL Roundup 

times and keeping the Cow- 
boys out of fee end zone. 

The Eagles didn't find the 
end zone themselves until fee 
final minute when Rodney 
Peete, the Eagles quarterback, 
threw an 8-yard touchdown 
pass to Chad Lewis to earn 
Philadelphia fee victory. 

Lewis's only catch of fee 
game ended a 10-play. 74-yard 
drive sustained by a 27-yard 
pass to Kevin Turner and an 
1 1-yard completion to Irving 
Fryar on fouife-and- 11. 

The Eagles knocked out 
Troy Aikman, the Cowboys 
starting quarterback, early in 
the first quarter. Aikman" left 
fee game with a strained neck 
and mild concussion. 

Dallas could muster only 
Richie Cunningham's four 
field goals. Emmiti Smith ran 
25 times for 126 yards, only 
his second 1 00-yard game of 
fee season. Aikman' s re- 
placement, Wade Wilson, fin- 
ished 1 l-of-16 for 108 yards. 

Chiefs 28, Rams 20 Pete 
Stoyanovich kicked four field 
goals as Kansas City beat the 
error-prone Rams in Sr. 
Louis, Missouri. 

It was fee first regular-sea- 
son meeting between fee 
teams since the Rams moved 
to Missouri from California, 
in 1995. 

The Chiefs converted three 
lost fumbles and an intercep- 
tion into 14 points. 

Elvis Grbac threw a 21- 
yard touchdown pass to Lake 
Dawson and completed a pair 
of 2-point conversion passes. 

Stoyanovich connected 
from 25, 52. 41 and 39 yards 
for his seventh career four- 
field goal game. Marcus Allen 
added his 1 17th career touch- 
down, extending his NFL re- 
cord on a 2-yaSnd run in the 
third quarter to make it 28- 14, 
and fee Chiefs ran out fee final 
5:07 after Jeff Wilkins’s field 

goal cut fee gap to eight. 

Rawitt 20, RadaMns 17 
The Washington Redskins' 
unbeaten run at their new sta- 
dium ended in a driving rain 
under a barrage of carries by 
Bam Morris. 

Morris ran 36 times for 176 
yards, both career highs, as 
the Baltimore Ravens handed 
the Redskins feeir first defeat 
at Jack Kent Cooke Stadium. 

Morris gained 1 05 yards on 
19 attempts in fee first half 

The Ravens fumbled five 
times but recovered four of 
them and never trailed in fee 
first meeting between Mary- 
land's two NFL teams. The 
Redskins were 3-0 since 
moving from Washington to 
feeir new home in Landover. 

Morris started the season 
serving a four-week suspen- 
sion for violating the NFL 
policy on substance abuse. 
Morris also served time in jail 
two weeks ago for violating 
probation on bis arrest last 
year for drug possession. 

Vinny Testaveide, fee 
Ravens quarterback, content 
to spend most of the soggy 
afternoon handing the ball to 
Morris, was lO-for-21 for 142 
yards. Redskins quarterback 
Gus Frerone went 17-for-33 
for 199 yards and two touch- 

49an 23, Saints O Son 
Francisco continued to plow 
through its weak schedule 
with a lackluster victory over 
New Orleans. Son Francisco 
holding the Saints to 142 

Steve Young passed for 
two touchdowns, and Gary 
Anderson kicked three field 
goals for fee 49ers* points. 

■ Too Many Miami Fish 

Because of Sunday night 
baseball there will be a double 
dose of Monday night foot- 
ball. The Associated Press re- 
ported from Miami. 

After Cleveland forced its 
World Series against fee Mar- 
lins to a seventh game, in 
Miami on Sunday, the Sun- 
day football game between 
the Miami Dolphins and fee 
Chicago Bears, also sched- 
uled for Pro Player Stadium, 
was postponed until Mon- 

Ifs the last chance 
football as the play-o 
the disappointment 
travel to Russia ? 


29 October, World Cup play- 
off, Russia v Italy 
The first leg of the knock-out 
encounter to decide which of 
these teams goes through to the 
World Cup Finals 


27 Oct - 2 November, LIVE, 
The Open de ta Vffle de Paris 

The final Mercedes Super 9 
of the year comes from Paris 
and provides not just $2.3m 
prize money but a last 
chance to qualify for the 
World Championship 


28 October, LIVE, AC Mian v 
The Rest of the World 

Franco BaresPs testimonial 
game features Eric Cantona. 
Maradona, George Weah and 
Rudd GtiBt amongst a host of 
international stars 


2 November, LIVE, The New 

York Cay Marathon 

One of the most spectacular 
races in the wortd sees 29,000 
runners racing through all five 
boroughs of New York 


PAGE 20 

World Roundup 

Petr Korda serving to Richard 
Krajicek in Sunday's final. 

Victory for Korda 

tennis Petr Korda won his first 
title in nearly two years Sunday 
with a tidy 7-6. 6-2, 6-4 victory 
over Richard Krajicek at the Euro- 
card Open in Stuttgart. 

The victory wili move Korda, 
29. back into the top lOof the world 
rankings. "The way 1 played this 
week is a dream come true," said 
Korda, who be in the top 10 for the 
firsttime since August 1993. "This 
is what I’m living for.” (Reuters) 

McGinley Wins by 4 

golf Paul McG inley chalked up 
his second European Tour victory 
in a six -year career on Sunday as he 
won the OKI Pro-Am in Madrid. 
The Irishman finished four strokes 
ahead of England's Iain Pyman 
after a 3- under- par final round of 69 
for a 22-under-par 26 6. (Reuters) 

France Fights Back 

RUGBY union France came 
from behind in the final minutes on 
Sunday to beat /ygenrina. 32-27, in 
Tarbes and retain the Latin Cup. 

Lisandro Arbizu, who plays 
dub rugby in France, put Argen- 
tina ahead, 27-22, with a drop goal 
and a penalty before Christian 
Califano gave France victory with 
a try. ( Reuters ) 

Lightning Strikes Crisp 

ICE HOCKEY The Tampa Bay 
Lightning on Sunday dismissed 
Terry Crisp, the only coach it has 
ever had and the longest tenured 
coach in the NHL. 

Phil Esposito, the general man- 
ager, told the players before the 
morning skate, "if a coach can’t 
get through to them, you .change 
the coach." Esposito said. "I'm 
not sure that's the case, but I can't 
take the chance anymore.” { AP) 

Female Kicker Is a Miss 

football Liz Heaslon, the 
first woman kicker in college foot- 
ball. missed on two extra point 
attempts as Willamette beat South- 
ern Oregon. 41-27, Saturday. 

• ‘Tm still a little rattled." Hea- 
ston said. "Obviously. I need a lot 
of practice. ” Heaston was not ex- 
pected to play, said Dan Hawkins, 
the Willamette coach. He turned 
to her after Gordon Thomas, 
missed two attempts. tAP) 

Barkley Is Arrested 

BASKETBALL Charles Barkley, 
the Houston Rockets forward, was 
arrested early Sunday in Orlando 
for hurling a bar patron through a 
plate-glass window after the man 
tossed a glass of ice at him. 

The police said Barkley told the 
victim as he lay on the ground: 
“You got what you deserve. You 
don’t respect me. 1 hope you're 
hurt.” Jorge Lugo. 20. was treated 
for a minor laceration to his arm. 

Barkley, who was in Orlando for 
a preseason game, was charged 
with aggravated barrery and resist- 
ing arrest without violence. (AP) 




Villeneuve Survives Bump to Win Formula One Title 

The Associated Press 

JEREZ, Spain — Jacques Villeneuve won his 
first world drivers ’ championship Sunday when he 
came in third in the final Grand Prix of die season 
despite colliding with Michael Schumacher on die 
4Sth lap. 

Schumacher, who started the European Grand 
Prix here one point ahead of Villeneuve, bounced 
off the track wnen he collided with the challenger. 
Mika Hakkinen in a McLaren Mercedes won his 
first career Formula One victory. His teammate, 
David Coulthard, was second and Villeneuve third. 
Villeneuve finished the season with 81 points to 
Schumacher’s 78. 

Schumacher, driving a Ferrari, needed only to 
finish ahead of Villeneuve to win his third world 
title. Schumacher was leading when the Canadian 
passed on the inside going into a right-hand comer. 
As Schumacher turned, he hit ViUeoeuve’s car and 

then ricocheted off die hack. Both dp vers were 
both called before stewards after the race, but the 
officials decided to take no action after hearing 
from both sides. 

As far as Villeneuve was concerned, the stiff 
bump by Schumacher was intentionaL 

“I really wasn’t surprised when he tried to run in 
to me,” he said. “It was a little expected. I knew 1 
was taking a big risk, but when he turned in on me 
and we banged wheels, 1 jumped in the air. I really 
felt I'd broken the car. Luckny, he went off.” 

“The way he hit me was really, really hard,’* 
Villeneuve added. “I’m surprised I finished the 
race. Either Michael had his eyes closed or his 
hands slid on the steering wheel or something;” 

Schumacher, who won world titles in 1994 and 
1995, faced similar accusations in the final race of 
1994 when holed Damon HOI by a point. His car hit 
a wall, and as he recovered from the error. Hill tried 

to pass. They collided and neither finished the race 

— giving Schumacher the title. 

On Sunday, Villeheuve’s car was more than 
halfway past when Schumacher seemed tony to cut 
him off. The German’s wheel knocked into.Vii- 
leneuve's chassis, and his car bounced into a gravel 
trap used to slow be cars if they miss tight curves. 

when Schumacher tried to rejoin the race, his 
wheels simply spun in the graveL 
Villeoeuve’s victory also spelled defeat for Fer- 
rari, which was trying fo win its first world title since 
Jody Scheckter of South Africa won it in 1979. 

Schumacher had seemed en route to to 28th 
, career victory and his sixth this year. Villeneuve 
satrted in pole posithion but Schumacher jumped 
ahead at the start from his No. 2 root on the gnd 
Before a pit stop on the 22U lap, Schumacher had 
a 5.2-second lead on the Canadian. He was back in 
die lead by the 28th after VUleneruve’s first pit stop 

and held it until he pitted after 42 taps. - 

Villeneuve went into the pit on the 43d lap, and 
when he came out Schumacher was 2.6 seconds 
But Villeneuve ’s Williams Renault was the 
quicker car and be quickly caugnt Schun^riter. 

Villeneuve took the lead but to car faded near 
the end with bad tires as the two McLaren Mar. 
cedes cars of Hakkinen and Coulthard passed 
Villeneuve on the final lap. It didn’t matter, for 
ViUeneuve, who needed only to finish inone uftfce; 
top six places ro assure to first world title.-. - 
Villeneuve missed a chance to win the world 
title two weeks ago in the Japanese Grand Pit*, 
when he needed only to finish ahead <jf Schu- 
macher in one of the top-six point-scoring spots. 
Instead he was disqualified in the Saturday practice 
run for failing to yield to a yellow caution flag- L 
Schumacher went on to win the race and take the 

one-point lead into the final. 

'>■ 0 



Indians Hang Tough 
To Reach Game 7 

4-1 Victory Sets Up Series Finale 

By Mark Maske 

Washington Post Service 

MIAMI — Once again, the Clev- 
eland Indians refused to go away 
quietly. Chad Ogea was the pitching and 
hitting hero as the resilient Indians 
forced a winner-take-all seventh game 
in die 93d World Series by beating the 
Florida Marlins, 4-1, on a steamy even- 
ing at Pro Player Stadium. 

Baseball has its first World Series 
Game 7 since 199 1 , when the Minnesota 
Twins beat the Atlanta Braves, 1-0, in 
10 innings behind the pitching of Jack 

A series that had been decidedly un- 
derwhelming through five games fi- 
nally produced some elegant, riveting 
baseball on Saturday. 

The Marlins had Kevin Brown on the 
mound with an opportunity to win the 
World Series in only their fifth year of 
existence. But the Indians hung on. 

Chad Ogea, the Cleveland starter, 
beat Brown for the second time in the 
series, limiting the Malms to four hits 
and one run in five-plus innin gs. 

And Ogea had plenty of defensive 

Indians 4, Marlins 1 







SO Ava. 

Roberts 2b 
























Ramirez rf 








Justice if 








MoWIJ Items 3b 








Thome lb 
















Grissom ef 































— * 









Mesa p 






















SO Ava. 

D White cf 
























Bonilla 3b 








Con tea lb 








b-Eisenreich ph-lb 
































KJ Brown p 








o-DouHon pii 
















c Cangetosi pH 























e-Floyd ph 

















010 i 

MO-4 : 

1 0 



no ooo-i i 

1 0 

o-hilo sacrifice By fur Brawn hr the 5th. b-wnftedfw 
Connie in (Ik Alti. c-singled for Heredia In the 7th. d- 
giwnded out ter Asaenmadier In Die 9th. enroll nded 
avf for VostMrg in me 9m. 

LOB — Cleveland 5. RodCa 11. 2B — VtzqmHCU.MaW- 
apoimdj, Ogea (0.38— DWhtteCTJ.RBIs— Ramirez 
2 (6). Ogea 2 (2). Dauttan CD. SB-Vtequel 2 O). 
O White (1). CS— Roberts (O. SF-Ramliez Z 

GIDP— Roberts. 

Runners left in scoring position— Ctevekmd 2 Uusflca 


OgeaW,2-Q 5 4 11 2 I 71 1.54 

Miachsan 2 2 0 0 2 2 39 225 

Aswranocher t l 0 o 0 1 12 000 

MenS, 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 11 MO 


KJBiwnL.0-2 5 5 4 4 3 2 89 LIB 

F Heredia 2000 0 425000 

PoweB 1 2 0 0 0 1 22 10.13 

Vosberg 1 0 0 0 I i 13 &00 

Ogea pBcfted tal bolter in the fith. PcmH pffeted to 1 ' 
baffler m the 9th. 

inherited ronnerv scored — NUocJkJonl-O, VOsberg 1-0. 
IBB— off Vosberg (SAtomol 1. 

Umpires— Home. Kobec Fust Montague Second, 
Font Third, West Left Kew Rfflht Mash. 

T — 115. A — 47.498 Ml .8551. 

Series tied 3-3. 

help in this one. Center fielder Marquis 
Grissom and left fielder David Justice 
made superb catches to rob the Marlins’ 
Jeff Conine of hits, and shortstop Omar 
Vizquel provided an otherworldly play 
to steal a two-run single from Charles 
Johnson in the sixth inning 

“I thought Cleveland played pretty 
much a perfect ball game," said Jim 
Leyland, the Marlins' manag er, 

Florida left the bases loaded in the 
seventh inning and stranded 1 1 runners, 
bre akin g through only on Darren 
Dauiton’s sacrifice fly in the fifth. 

Ogea, who said that his last hit had 
come in high school, victimized Brown 
for a two-run single in the second in- 
ning, and had a leadoff double and 
scored a ran in the fifth. (Page 19). 
Manny Ramirez drove in a pair of runs 
for the Indians with sacrifice flies. 

Brown yielded five hits and four runs 
in to five innings before Leyland lifted 
him for a pinch-hitter, Daulton, in the 
bottom of the fifth. 

Matt Williams led off the second in- 
ning with a bouncer to third baseman 
Bobby Bonilla’s left. The ball clanked 
off Bonilla’s glove, and W illiams was 
given an infield single. Brown then 
walked Jim Thome on a full-count pitch 
and, after Sandy Alomar's fly out, 
walked Grissom, the No. 8 hitter, to load 
the bases. Up stepped Ogea, who lined a 
shot into right field for a base hit, scor- 
ing Williams and Thome. ■ 

Cleveland made it 3-0 in the third. 
Vizquel led off with a double on a 
ground ball, then made a daring play, - 
taking off for third base against John- 
son, the rifle- armed Florida catcher. 
Baseball's commandments dictate that 
you never make the fust or third out of 
an inning at third base. But Vizquel got 
a tremendous jump against Brown and 
stole the base. Ramirez’s fly ball to 
Devon White in center field on the next 
pitch scored VjjzqueL 

Ogea struck again in the fifth. He 
smacked Brown’s first pitch of the in- 
ning between Conine and the first base 
bag for a double. It was the first double 
for a pitcher in World Series compe- 
tition since A1 Lei ter had one for the 
Toronto Blue Jays in 1993. Ogea was 
using the bats of Orel Hershiser, who 
went 3 for 3 in a World Series game for 
the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1988. 

"It looks like he’s had a bat in his 
hands before,” Leyland said. "He's 
very aggressive, almost like a regular 

Ogea moved to third base when Bip 
Roberts lined a single to left field, then 
scored on Ramirez's one-out fly to 
White in medium-deep center. 

lain 1’*’-' 

P i " r •’ 

: u ' : '‘ 





The Marlins’ Edgar Renteria putting a late tag on the Indians’ Chad Ogea, who was safe with a double. 

The lead.was 4-1 when the Cleveland 
manager. Mike Hargrove, went to his 
bullpen after Ogea walked Gary Shef- 
field to open the sixth. 

Reliever Mike Jackson issued a one- 
out walk to pinch hitter Jim Eisenreich. 
and the runners advanced to second and 
third on Alou's groundouL 
Vizquel then demonstrated why he’s 
the sport’s best defensive shortstop. 

Johnson pulled a grounder toward the 
hole on the left side of the infield. 
Vizquel mode a diving, backhanded 
grab on the outfield grass, popped to his 
feet and threw out the plodding catcher 

feet and threw out the plodding catcher 
by a comfortable margin at first base. 

‘*1 think this was the most important 
play I ever made in my career,” Vizquel 

*T knew if I dove, I was going to have 

a good chance to catch it I didn't know 
if I was going to throw the guy out at 
first base." 

Florida loaded the bases against Jack- 
son in the seventh. Craig Counsel! and 
John Cangelosi, pinch-hitting, opened $ 
the inning with base hits, and Sheffield 
drew a two-out walk. But Bonilla 
couldn't capitalize, hitting a fly out to 
Grissom in shallow center field. 

A Tie Dulls Japan’s World, Cup Hopes 

C rllHntfA flla/Wgoiffg'mren m hre-tai l.A Y . T » A .1 w . _ 


Japan could only scrape a 1-1 draw 
Sunday against toe United Arab Emir- 
ates in a match it needed to win to 
revive its hopes of qualifying for next 
summer's world Cup. 

The result left Japan third in Asian 
qualifying Group B, a point behind 

Arsenal thwarted. Page 18 

UAE. It also ensured that South Korea, 
Japan's joint Jhosts for the 2002 finals, 
would finish first in toe group and 
qualify for the World Cup. 

Japan needs to overtake the UAE to 
gain a place in a play-off between toe 
runners up in Asia’s two qualifying 
groups, notch for the two group run- 
ners-up. Both teams have two matches 

left Japan plays in South Korea and 
then hosts fourth-place Kazakhstan. 
UAE hosts bo ttom-of- the- table 
Uzbekistan and then South Korea. 

On Sunday, Japan took the lead in 
third minute with a goal by Braziiian- 
bom striker Wagnar Lopes. 

But as toe half wore on Japan be- 
came careless and after 36 minutes 
UAE defender Suhail TTiabet Mubarak 
rose to head a free kick past Yoshikatsu 
Kawaguchi toe Japanese goalkeeper: 

Japan created several chances in the 
second half but could not score. 

shun Barcelona took a five-po int 
lead at toe lop of toe Spanish first 
division Sunday when it beat Racing 
Santander 2-0 in Barcelona. Real 
Madrid, which is second, plays Mal- 
lorca on Monday. 

Barcelona failed to hit top form but 

goals from Luis Enrique and Oscar 
Garcia gave it victory. 

At the other end of toe table dis- 
gruntled Valencia fans applauded 
Oviedo’s equalizer In the 1-1 draw. 
Valencia’s Brazilian striker Romano 
scored his first league goal since re- 
turning. to Spain. 

Netherlands Ajax kept its grip on 
the top of the Dutch league Sunday ’ 
when it beat Feyenoord Rotterdam, 4- 
0. Ajax’s 11th straight league victory 
kept it five points ahead of PS V Eind- 
hoven,, which thrashed MW 
Maastricht by 5-0 on Saturday. 

.Ajax took toe lead with a penalty in 
after Shota Arveladze was pulled down 
by Feyenoord’s Bernard Schuiteman. 
Jari JUtmanen scored. Arveladze scored 
the second, created toe third for Dani 
and the fourth for Ronald de Boer. 




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