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'Hi rUa \ ‘yS & *sF.P "TEMBER 24^1557 







-V. ■ ,-i 

The World’s Daily New spaper R 

After Good-Byes, 

* All Eyes on William 
As Royalty Endures 

By Suzy Menkes- 

"MrnMtontri Hiruld Tribu ne 

LONDON —His resemblance to Diana is so striking — the 
beanpole height, the straw -blond hair flopping over downcast 

n blush and the sudden illuminating 
smile that Pnnce WOham was greeted with murmurs of 
astonishment when he faced the teary, respectful crowds at 
Kensington Palace on Friday. 

As the 15 year-old prince paced his mother's funeral route 
the next day, head down for the 35 minutes to Westminster 
Abbey, the transformation in the public eye of a gan°Iine 
youth in a baseball cap to a gray-suited figure of destiny was 
apparent to the global village. 

Once the mountains of flowers have been removed and the 
i miles of newsprint have yellowed, the tangible legacy of the 

y incandescent, mythical Diana will be her two boys. 

„.A?^ royalty is about dynasty, it is the elder son, 

.William, who now bears the awesome burden of incarnating 
the spin 1 of Diana and of raising the monarchy from the 

• In spile of Earl Spencer’s impassioned plea in his funeral 
address to claim his bereaved nephews for their “blood” 
family, the bloodlines also bind W illiam to the Windsors. If 
the monarchy holds up, it might be 30 or more years before 
William would follow a King Charles (who turns 50 next 

Mourners weepi 

“Die old royal family will gradually slip away, and the as the cortege of 
new royal family will be Prince William,'’ said a royal them Saturday o 
historian, Hugo Vickers, meaning that after the departure of fo, Westminster 
the grand old Queen Mum, now 97, and ultimately Queen t r ftn _i n Qr .„ 
Elizabeth, 71, ancillary figures in the extended family will Jvl, 

fade out, as the focus turns on the new generation. uie nearse win 

_ The question is whether the monarchy, so battered by gales 
of change and discredited by Diana’s expulsion, can really 
sail serenely into the 21st century. Tha Tt/nrlA 

■ Paradoxically, the quasi-mystical response to Diana’s rVUilU 

death, the heartfelt public grief, and the subsequent em- 
I powermcot of the people to write die funeral script, shows not • The silence was 

* the weakness of the royal position, but its innate strength. The tracked Diana’s a 
heart-shaped red balloons floating from the palace railings, 

the iconic photographs of Diana, die improvised shrines and • In the end, Dtani 
mawkish personal messages, suggest a hunger for a figure to in a small and scu 
admire or even worship. 

Who can fathom the feelings of Queen Elizabeth as she • Earl Spencer’s si 
stood in front of Buckingham Palace and read ‘ ‘Diana — you moils break with t 
were our true and lovely Queen" attached to a tiara-cJad 
. - photograph of a radiant.Princess of Wales. Bur the message • Diana’s final hm 
was not anti-royal — rather a rejection of the old protocol- cess’s last day aliv 
bound values dial have been so neatly summed up as “Bai- 
morality.” • A search for thee 

- Ben Pimlott, the leftist historian, called the weekend’s slow down the Me 
scenes “mystifying and slightly spooky.” Yet in his 1996 

• London remains 

See MONARCHY, Page 5 people refuse to !e 

Paris, Monday, September 8, 1997 

No. 35.620 


Agenec ft ai BC-ft ew e 

Mourners weeping In the crowd along Whitehall 
as the cortege of Diana, Princess of Wales, passed 
them Saturday on its way from Kensington Palace 
to Westminster Abbey. Right, Princes William, 
15, and Harry, 12, Diana’s sons, walking beside 
the hearse with their father. Prince Charles. 

In WaUeMgcncc Rancc-Prene 

-♦ JJP*# ' it:. 

: ■ ' V l' f*-; '■ T" '> 

The World Grieves 

• The silence was deafening as 2 million mourners 
tracked Diana’s cortege. Page 2, 

• In the end, Diana came home to rest on a leafy island 
in a small and sculptured lake. Page 2. 

• Earl Spencer's searing address represented an enor- 
mous break with tradition. Page 3. 

• Diana’s final hours: the collision course on the prin- 
cess's last day alive. Page 4. 

• A search for the driver who might have been trying to 
slow down the Mercedes carrying Diana. Page 4. 

• London remains virtually paralyzed as the British 
people refuse to let go of Diana. Page 5. 

••Vi ,**, 

‘What Now?’ Israelis Wonder Amid Latest Carnage 

A Rigid Monarchy 
Confronts the Storm 

By Warren Hoge 

Neva York Tunes Service 

LONDON — Tempests have their origins some distance 
away from where they come crashing down, and so did the 
applause in Westminster Abbey for Earl Spencer’s powerful 
eulogy to bis sister, Diana, Princess of Wales, and its rebuke 
of the royal family. 

A spontaneous burst from some of the teas of thousands of 
people who were following the service from London's streets 
and parks began outside the sanctuaiy, was picked up by 
people at the back, of the great Gothic nave where Britain 
crowns its sovereigns and passed forward to where the 
members of the monarchy were seated. 

In a day full of symbols of Britain's rich history, this was a 
powerful emblem of a present and future that has been 
revealed in its own elaborate richness during this extraor- 
dinary past week. 

Simply stated, the people inside Saturday took their cue 
from those outside, a dramatic reversal of the flow of in- 
fluence and power between Britain's rulers and its ruled. 

The people who gave such sweeping and fervid support to 
Lord Spencer's passionate address said that the line that set 
them off was his recalling his sister as "someone with a 
natural nobility who was classless. and who proved in die last 
year that she needed no royal title to continue to generate her 
particular brand of magic." 

A year ago Queen Elizabeth n said that Diana could no 
longer be called “her royal highness” because of her divorce 
from'Prince Charles. 

The overwhelming outpouring of grief over the death of 
Diana a week ago and the public demand for a proper farewell 
to the woman who the public felt was mistreated by the 
monarchy led to a remarkable confrontation between the 
British public and Buckingham Palace and an even more 
remarkable retreat by royalty. 

Faulted by mourners for being insensitive to the yearning of 
the nation for full state recognition of the life and contribution 
of the princess, the queen agreed first to demands for a public 
funeral including royal flourishes and then made a number of 
belated adjustments to her tradition-bound initial response. 
These included a television address to the country that was die 
most personal communication with her subjects in her 45- 
year reign. 

She said she now realized that there were “lessons to be 
learned’ ’ from the life and legacy of Diana. 

If die queen found herself in an unaccustomed role, so did 
the British themselves as they wept, held one another for 
support, wailed their sorrow and massed by the tens of 
thousands to give vent to their crippling feelings of loss. The 
lip for which this country is famous has never before been the 
trembling lower one. 

The people presented the world with a portrait of Britain 
See FUTURE, Page 5 


! By Serge Schmemann 

f New York Times Sen-ice 

JERUSALEM — From the time the 
Israeli-Palestinian peace was first 

f Launched on the White House lawn four 
years ago, the process has been reg- 
ularly punctuated by the sound of sui- 
cide bombs. 

• The triple attack on the popular Ben 
Yehuda promenade in Jerusalem last 
week brought the number of Islamic 
fanatics who have turned themselves 
imo human bombs since then to 20, with 
many times that number of victims. And 
with every explosion, Israeli reaction 
has gone from a horrified disbelief to 
apgfy demands for vengeance, and fi- 
| nally to the question that predominated 

after carnage Thursday — "What 

It was not surrender. The thousands 
of Israelis who came to the Ben Yehuda 
mall the morning after the attack, in 
which four Israelis died, bore powerful 


testimony to a determination that Israel 
would not be cowed, only strengthened. 

It was not fatalism, either, but a re- 
cognition that neither doves nor hawks, 
neither the Palestinian Authority nor the 
Israeli government has a ready solution. 
(And Washington has been playing 
down Secretary of State Madeleine Al- 
bright’s visit here this week, her first to 
the Middle East, though the shock of 

3 Arab Leaders Consult 
^ As Mideast Tensions Rise 

By John Lancaster 

j Washington Post Service 

■ JERUSALEM — Three days before 
the scheduled arrival here of the U.S. 
Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright, 
the leaders of Jordan, Egypt and the 
Palestinians mane uvered Sunday for the 
moral high ground, calling on Israel to 
fulfill commitments under peace ac- 

Israel has suspended implementation 
of the accords in response to what it says 
are Palestinian failures to crackdown on 

Meeting in Cairo, President Hosni 
Mubarak of Egypt, King Hussein of 
■ y Jordan and Yasser Arafat, head of the 
Palestinian Authority, issued a state- 
ment calling on Israel to refrain from 

activities that undermine "the spirit 
of peace” and to carry out troop with- 
drawals from the West Bank, as spelled 
out in che so-called Oslo accords. 

But the message also was intended 
for Mrs. Albright, whose first trip to the 
region as secretary of state coincides 
with a deepening crisis in Arab- Israeli 

relations. _ ... 

The crisis stems in pan from a suicide 
bombing Thursday in a crowded Je- 
rusalem mall and the killing hours later 
of 11 Israeli commandos and an army 
doctor during a botched raid in Leb- 
anon. , 

In light of the bombing Thursday, 
which killed three Israeli schoolgirls 
and a 20-year-old Israeli man, as well 

See TALKS, Page 14 

zzviolence offered a brief window for 

That matured attitude contrasted 
sharply with reactions to the first bomb 
explosions after the Israeli-Palestinian 
peace began in September 1993. Then, 
each explosion was followed by dismay 
among Israelis who had thought peace 
would bring security, and ever more 
frenzied protests from rightists who saw 
the blood as proof of the perfidy of 
dealing with the Arabs. 

Yet in those days, Prime Minister 
Yitzhak Rabin and his successor, Shi- 
mon Peres, and Yasser Arafat could 
argue that the terror attacks were only a 
rearguard action against peace, that both 
sides had to persevere, with each attack, 
however, tile line began to ring hollow. 

Dozens More 
Slain in Algeria 

CempUrd 6v Our SuffFmn ft jjMrtw 

BENI MESSOUS, Algeria — 
Attackers massacred scores of 
people in this town near Algiers, the 
capital, slashing throats, cutting off 
aims and opening women's stom- 
achs, survivors and hospital offi- 
cials said. 

Sunday newspapers said that be- 
tween 49 and 64 people died in the 
slaughter Friday night and that be- 
tween 20 and 60 people had been 
wounded. At least 15 more bodies 
were reported to have been found in 
a forest not far from Beni Messous, 
20 kilometers (10 miles) west of 

A TTteEI Watan newspaper said six 
more people had been found with 
their throats cut Saturday at Sidi 
Mbarek, 350 kilometers southwest 
of Algiers. (Reuters, AP) 

especially against Benjamin Netan- 
yahu’s promise of “peace with secu- 

But after a year and a half of Mr. 
Netanyahu’s government, that promise 
also began to erode, as the new prime 
minister's combination of reluctant 
concessions to the Oslo process and 
expansion in the West Bank under- 
mined the fledgling partnership with 
Mr. Arafat and the Palestinians' faith in 
the peace.! 

After the start of construction on a 
new Jewish neighborhood in East Je- 
rusalem last March, Mr. Arafat again 
reached out his hand to the Islamic 
militants of Hamas. 

The first suicide bombing on Mr. 
Netanyahu’s watch came in March in 
Tel Aviv. In July came a double bomb- 
ing at the Yehuda Mahane market in 
Jerusalem, and finally the unprecedent- 
ed triple attack last week. This time in 
die immediate aftermath, there were no 
violent demonstrations, no anguished 
demands for action. Just the frustrated 
question, “What now?” 

“The Israeli mentality is that there 
has to be some solution to a problem,” 
said Uri Dromi, who was the govern- 
ment spokesman under the former 
Labor government “That’s why Israel- 
is are so frustrated.” 

“Rabin was the first among Israeli 
leaders to realize that we really have a 
big problem here and that the peace 
process was the only way out," he said. 
“Now many Israelis are coming to 
terms with the fact that there is really no 
easy answer.” 

That conclusion had several compo- 

One was the realization that terror 
was likely to stay with Israel for a long 
time and that none of Israel’s mighty 
weaponry was frilly effective against it. 
The bombing last week came after a 

See MIDEAST, Page 14 

AgCfkx Fmc-FtCM 

MOURNING — Mother Teresa on view Sunday in a church In 
Calcutta. India plans a state funeral Saturday for the nun. Page 9. 

Sir Georg Solti, Conductor, Dies at 84 

Sir Georg Solti, 84, whose con- 
ducting career included 22 years at 
the head of the Chicago Symphony 
Orchestra, died Friday in Antibes, 
France. Sir Georg, who was born in 
Budapest, rose to 'prominence in the 
1950s as music director of the Frank- 

Where’s the Proof? 

Five weeks of hearings in Congress 
have brought to light some shady U.S. 
political fond- raising practices. But 
no public evidence lw substantiated 
Senator Fred Thompson’s high-pro- 
file accusations that the Chinese gov- 
ernment influenced the 1996 pres- 
idential race through illegal foreign 
contributions. Page 8. 

flirt Opera, followed by a decade as 
music director of London's Royal 
Opera. His recording career included 
the first complete studio recording of 
Wagner’s “Ring” cycle, and more 
Grammy awards than any other per- 
former. classical or pop. Page 10. 

Sports Pag* 26. 

Hingis Wins the VS. Open 

Books Page 13. 

Crossword Page 13. 

Opinion Page 12. 

Sports ... — .... Pages 24-26, 


Pages 7, 10. 

The IHT on-line ’ 

An®SS„ 1 „ 
Egypt — 




fowy Coast 


towait ....... 

Newsstand Prices .. ~.Z| 

,..,,10.00 FF Lebanon . LL 3,00C( 

.„,1250 FF Moracao 16Dh ( 

..1.600 CFA Qatar 

JE5.S0 ROuwn 

10.00 FF Saucfi Arabia. -.-/I0 wj 

..1.100 CFA Senegal 1-100 CFA 

... 2,800 lire Spain 

.1250 CFA Tuntaa ijBODjV' 

-.1250 JO LLA.E.— 1000 “[ 

.....700 FrlS Cf-S- hft- (Eur.) SI .20] 

Foreign Investors, Wary of Asian Turmoil, Await Real Reforms 

L/ . _ Jane nf nrrpnoth in irta Tnrinn»eian einrlre iwnrrfod ihfir drttv.cifl. Mfltflvcia and the PhillDnineK Southeast Asia. Indonesia and MalaVSia 

By Michael Richardson 

Muvtuawuil Tnhunc 

withdrawal of foreign money that has 
pushed Southeast Asian stock rnateis 
diarolv lower m recent *eeks is un 
Su.- Jiv. reversed until currencies 
stabilize and governments show they 


cures io cut spending and restore 
fidence, fund manors said Sunday. 

Three consecutive days of strength in ing, Indonesian stocks recorded their donesia, Malaysia and the Philippines 
regional markeis last week prompted a biggest one-day rise ever on Friday, last week to restore credibility and re- 
*L. nf bullish sentiment among some while Malaysia’s gain was the largest build market confidence were “only 

surge of bullish 
local players, 


Malaysia's leader uros ban on 
currency manipulation. Page 15. 

investors said they would continue to 
look for alternatives for at least six 
months. Propelled largely by local buy- 1994. Philippine and Thai stocks 
also were stronger. 

But despite local enthusiasm, foreign 
investors think last week’s rebound will 
unravel on further currency weakness in 
the days ahead. 

The investment firm Deutsche Mor- 
gan Grenfell, in a report to be sent to 
clients Monday, said that steps by In- 

modest policy initiatives." 

The bank said that what was needed 
was “a serious fiscal tightening to re- 
duce the external deficit and reliance on 
overseas capital." 

In the view of many foreign investors, 
large current-account deficits have been 
a major underlying cause of the recent 
currency and stock-market turmoil in - 

Southeast Asia. Indonesia and Malaysia 
have announced measures to cut or post- 
pone spending, while in the Philippines 
the legislature has passed a tax-reform 
bill. But Deutsche Morgan Grenfell said 
that the proposed Indonesian spending 
cuts were *‘ju$t that, proposals, and 
there is no genuine structural reform or 
deregulation in the package." 

It said that the Malaysian government 

See TURMOIL, Page 14 



tkFrrr - 

ence, a 

Nation’s Grief Tracks Diana’s Cortege 

By R.W. Apple Jr. 

New York Tunes Service 

LONDON — The silence — the awe- 
struck, reverent, almost worslupful si- 
lence — was positively deafening. 

Scarcely a sound rose from the mil- 
lions who packed central London for the 
funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales. It 
was a crowd unmat ched at least since the 
end of World War II in this stately old 
city that has known so many moments of 

regal and imperial triumph and tragedy. 

Yet for all the emotion, only the ca- 
dence of the horses' hooves, the thwack- 

thwack- thwack of police helicopters, 
the tolling of church bells and the oc- 

the tolling of church bells and the oc- 
casional wail of agony from a mourner 
pierced the stillness Saturday as the 
cortege wound its slow, sad way to 
Westminster Abbey. 

More than a million bouquets by of- 
ficial count, so many that they were vis- 
ible from an airplane flying at 5,000 feet 
over London, were stacked outside the 
royal palaces. People threw blossoms at 
die princess’s casket as it rolled by on a 
gun carriage, draped in a royal standard 

au J „ 

The crowds stood 10 and 15 deep, 20 
in places, along London’s grand cer- 
emonial boulevards. Necks were 
craned, and people rose onto tiptoes, but 
there was no pushing and shoving. As if 
venerating a saint, mourners in Hyde 
Park and outside Buckingham Palace lit 
candles and improvised Utile shrines. 

People of all classes seemed driven to 
make small gestures of devotion. Some 
made their first-ever trips to London. In 
the chic neighborhood where Diana 
taught kindergarten as a 20-year-old, a 
basket filled with black ribbons had been 
set out, along with a sign urging pass- 
erby to “Take one and remember.” 

There was something more Latin than 
British about die intensity of peoples’ 
words and actions; a largely Protestant 
culture that epitomizes restraint and val- 
ues privacy was galvanized by a need to 
display its powerful emotions publicly, 
if not noisily. Britain discovered feelings 
this week that it never knew it had. 

The American belief in the value of 
Jetting it all Jiang out at moments of 
personal and national -stress, often ri- 
diculed in England in the past as vulgar, 
mock-therapy, suddenly took hold. 

In a typical comment, one of those in 
the crowds, Joe Powell, a 31 -year-old 
restaurant manager, said the pubUc vent- 
ing of grief would be "a bit of a catharsis 
for all the people who are here.” 

Sir Charles Powell, the principal ad- 
viser to Margaret Thatcher when she 
was prime minister, conceded that “the 
whole establishment, including the roy 1 
al family, has been taken completely 
unawares.” Anthony Sampson, author 
of “Anatomy of Britain,” detected “a 
confessional. Catholic mood, with 
people making improbable pilgrimages 
to London, as if Westminster had be- 
come Compostela.” 

Many wept as they watched the ser- 
vice on giant television screens set up in 
public places. But it was as quiet in the 
streets as in the abbey w’hen Diana s 
coffin was borne into the 16th-century 
Gothic nave by eight husky Welsh 
Guards in red tunics, followed by the 
Prince of Wales; their children. Prince 
William and Prince Harry; his father, 
the Duke of Edinburgh, and the prin- 
cess's brother, Earl Spencer. 

All but unbelieving, the crowds 
watched raptlv as the somber service 
unfolded, some people nudging each 
other when Elton John sang “Candle in 
the Wind” with its special new lyrics. 

passion more than you’ll ever know. 

Lord Spencer’s castigation of the news 
media as collaborators in his sister's 
Hrath, relayed by loudspeaker to those 
outside the abbey, brought applause. 

Adoring comments, sotto voce, could 
be heard on all sides everywhere: “She 
was an angeL,” “So royal, so kind. 

Alan Zulman, who journeyed from 
Somerset in the West Country, said the 
funeral was “like a magnet, attracting 
people from the four comers of the 

” lla h.n/linn nnt rrtni« 

kingdom.” He was handing out copies 
nf a nnnn that his wife, distrausht, nad 

of a poem that his wife, distraught, 
written at 2 o’clock in the morning. 

evoking “a country Tost without your 
soul who’ll miss the wings of your com- 

“She cared, you knew she cared, she 
showed she cared,’ ’ said a barrister who 
confessed that he was surprised to find 
himself on the streets for the funeral. 

A couple from Ipswich bore a banner 
that said. “We love you, William and 
Hairy,” in support of the two young 
sons the princess left behind. 

A young woman who like most of the 
mourners had never met or even seen the 
princess said she had felt “a need 10 be 
close to my Diana one more time, to see 
her home, to let her know how much I 
will always love her,” and an American 
visitor spoke with eyes lit by tears of 
“our shining light that has gone out." 

Some people, of course, considered 
the whole thing overdone. Some saw 
Diana as a manipulator of emotions, pub- 
lic and private, and resented the adulation 
heaped on her in death. But they were 
few. If Diana was part glamour figure and 
part social worker — part Madonna and 
part Mother Teresa, as a British politician 

suggested privately — most of the public 
focused clearly upon the latter. 

The extraordinary upwelling of grief 
and affection that followed the prin- 
cess’s death in an automobile accident 
in Paris on Aug. 31 was not simply an 
amplified version of the anguish that 
inevitably follows the death of someone 

AJm Franir- 

The designer Donatella Versace 
and her brother, Santo, top. ar- 
riving for the funeral. Also attend- 
ing were Karl Lagerfeld, bottom 
left, and David Emanuel, co-de- 
signer of Diana's wedding dress. 

young, especially a young mother. 

Nor did it result simply from the 
overwhelming media attention lavished 
on the event: nonstop television cov- 
erage and special newspaper editions 
(1 12 pages in Saturday morning’s Dai jy 
Mail, a tabloid, and no fewer than 60 in 
The Times). 

Diana connected with ordinary 
people to a degree that was fully evident 
only in her death. She shattered the 
confining carapace of fame, as Simon 
Jenkins wrote in The Times, enabling 
her simultaneously to draw strength 
from the people and give it to them. She 

was an aristocrat from one of Britain s 
most noble famili es, but like Churchill 
and Roosevelt, she was an aristocrat 
with a common touch. 

Through her illnesses, her infidel- 
ities, her divorce, her search for a suit- 
able role, her longing for love, she be- 
came a kind of paradigm. 

“Her marriage failed, as mine did, 
said a young blond woman in the throng 
near the abbey. “She couldn't have her 
children all the time, she had to share 
them with her husband, same way I did. 
If she could manage, I could, too.” 

Outside Kensington Palace, Lynn- 
Marie Williams, 33, an elementary 
school teacher, told a questioner "This 
is one of the most tragic things that has 
ever happened to me in my life. I re- 
member so clearly watching her wed- 
ding, and she meant a lot to me because 
shewas so human. She made errors and 
she had weaknesses every woman un- 
derstands. It wasn't good enough to 
watch this on television. 

“It’s strange that we all feel this way 
— not that'we knew her ourselves — but 
that we feel she’s touched us all per- 

It was a notably multiracial, hetero- 
geneous crowd. Tt included significant 
numbers of people from the fringes of 
British society, as well as its main- 
stream. underprivileged and afflicted 
and sometimes scorned people of the 
kind who were championed by Diana. It 
included many who said that they could 
leave the royal family or take it. as well 
as pious middle-aged royalists. 

But women and young people pre- 
dominated. They had idolized the glam- 
orous. warmhearted if troubled young 
women whom Prime Minister Tony 
Blair called “the people's princess,” 
and they were clearly just as determined 
as he said he was that “she will remain in 
our hearts and our memories forever.” 

Elton John Song 
Coming to Stores 

LONDON — Hours after what 
he called the toughest performance 
of his life, Elton John went to a 
studio to record the song that 
prompted countless tears when he 
sang it at the funeral of his friend, 
Diana, Princess of Wales. 

The recording of * ‘Candle in the 
Wind," with lyrics reworked to 
honor the princess as “England's 
Rose,” will be released within a 
week. Proceeds will go to a me- 
morial fund set up to support her 
favorite charities. 

Mr. John said in a BBC interview 
Sunday that he hoped the recording 
would raise as much as £ 10 million 
($16 million). Music industry ex- 
perts predict it could become the 
biggest -selling single of all time. 

During die song, Diana's sons. 
Prince William and Prince Harry, 
lost their composure for the first 
time and went. 

"When 1 started singing and 
playing, I suddenly realized this 
was it,” said Mr. John, whose tenor 
voice caught as he sang. "At the 
beginning of the last verae, my 
voice cracked and I was really 
chock full of emotion, and I bad to 
close my eyes and grit my teeth and 
get through it.” ( AP ) 

Crowd Is Doubled 

A Very Private Resting Place on a Leafy Island 

. j .i .. u .^«Mnrnf»hoivnrM hor Pnri Sr**ncer. then Lord of the Ad- pointed out. another Gracel; 

By Alan Cowell 

Nor York Times Sen ice 


Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip 
returning to Balmoral Castle, 
Scotland, after church on Sunday. 

LONDON — In the end, she came 
home to rest on a leafy island in a small 
and sculptured lake, behind the 
wrought-iron gates and weathered stone 
walls of her family seat well north of 
London, a final haven of privacy and 
exclusion as remote as could be imag- 
ined from the laser-glare of publicity 
that Diana, Princess of Wales, both 
shunned and courted. 

From the ceremonies of Westminster 
Abbey to the Althorp Park estate of the 
Spencer family near the village of Great 
Brington, the coffin bearing Diana 
made its Final journey by road along the 
Ml highway, whose northbound lanes 
were closed to normal traffic. 

After the pomp of Westminster that 

drew the eyes and tears of the world, her 
return to the village and home where 
Diana grew up as Diana Spencer was 
intended by her family to be as ex- 
clusively private as her coffin's pro- 
cession on a gun carriage through cen- 
tral London had been public. 

The public was excluded from the 
burial at Althorp. The authorities ordered 
an air-exclusion zone over the estate to 

Earl Spencer, then Lord of the Ad- 
miralty, restored what is called the 
Pleasure Garden area around the ar- 
tificial lake in the 1 S80s. 

Initially. Diana was to have been bur- 
ied in the honey-colored I3th-cenmry 
church of Sl Mary the Virgin in Great 
Brington, where a family crypt contains 
the remains of 20 generations of Spcn- 

pointed out, another Graceland. Elvis 
Presley's shrine. 

indeed, until Diana's death. Great 
Brington ’s greatest draw for U.S. vis- 
itors was the grave there of Lawrence 
Washington, the great-great-great 
grandfather of George Washington, 
buried in the village in 1616. 

In a statement Friday, Earl Spencer. 
Diana's younger brother, said the move 
to the small island at The Oval had been 

LONDON — Two million 
people attended the funeral, ac- 
cording to the BBC. 

Scotland Yard said that more 
than one million had witnessed the 
funeral cortege pass in central Lon- 
don, and that hundreds of thou- 
sands of others had lined the route 
that the procession took through 
north London to the princess's fam- 
ily home in central England. 

The BBC made its own estimates 
of crowd size by using cameras and 
reporters if deployed along the 
route and across London. (AFP) 


Ashes to Ashes 

LONDON — The British gov- 
ernment said Sunday that it had 

solved the problem of disposing of 
hundreds of thousands of bouquets 
left by mourners outside the royal 
palaces in London. The wilting 
floral tributes will be used as com- 
post in greenhouses at Kensington 
Palace, the princess's last home. 

The government announced that 
parks officials and volunteers 
would start gathering the bouquets 
Tuesday and promised that other 
places would be designated for 
people warning to leave flowers for 
Diana after then. (AFPi 

UUI uU «3l millVilJ. iin/uyitfvnuvMviuwivu v , , r i i> • , 1 . , . * 

an air-exclusion zone over the estate to cers, laid to rest there since the family Diana s younger brother said the move 
prevent photographers and television acquired the estate in 1508. J9 s J nal1 ls,a ™ w ™ ° Val had been 

crews from filming die area. The roads The imposing house at Althorp Park decided on so that her grave could be 

leading to the village of Great Brington was built in 1573 and. these days, is properly looked after by her family 
were sealed off to all except residents open to the public in summer months Tor anti vis.tcd in private by her sons. ” 

and the police on Friday and were not to an entrance fee. . nf ™ (rt/ i eSam ij l u ine ’ ..u he ^*be 

reopen until 6 A.M. on Monday. But the prospect of her grave being so grounds would be open to the public for 

Only close family members attended accessible to the public in the parish -*vera w^eks -j year so the general 

the burial on the small, green island in a church raised fears not only among the publ w. may pay their respects. He also 

lake known as The Oval, surrounded by 200 villagers ofGreal Brington but also width- family -was considermg a per- 

groves of trees planted by royalty and among Diana’s family that it could be- ™ tslde ,he grounds 

Hobdity over the decades since the 5th come? as British commentators have for people to pay the, r respects. 


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Farewell fo a Princess / A Cry of Pain and Anger 

Tha,cher - ,he rormer British prime minis,er ' 

the French president; »veisn uuanis "•«»»« * *■“**■** . 

Earl Spencer Takes Off the Gloves Against Royals and Media 

: A:*- nf lift*. « nn<;- whv her genuinely sood intentions were carefully in every newspaper office in 

i Bv Sarah Lyall 

• Sew r. 'i-t Ttnvs Sen-uv 

' LONDON — Amid the soothing 
pomp and ceremony of the funeral of 
Diana. Princess of Wales, the eulogy of 
tier vounaer brother . Earl S pencer. burst 
forth Saturday as an undiluted cry of 
pain and anger. . . . 

■ His tone was respectful and ms de- 
meanor composed. But Lord Spencer s 
searina address at Westminster Abbey 
tv represented an enormous break with tra- 
.§ dition and a stunning indictment of the 
' wav his sister had been treated bv the 
two forces that had most influenced the 
way she lived her final years: the royal 
family and the news media. 

! His remarks were all the more re- 
markable because, in a sense, he was 
attacking the royal family in their own 
church and at a service they had helped 
plan and were attending as the most 
distinguished guests. Diana's former in- 
laws had apparently made peace with 
her in death. Bur it was as rf me earl 
wanted to say that despite this, he had 
not forgotten the slights she suffered at 
their hands. 

' in a direct reference to the- queen s 

decision last year to strip Diana of the 
x title "Her Royal Highness as ac°°- 
CYdidon of her divorce from Prince 
* Charles, the heir to the throne, Lord 

Spencer said his sister was "classless.” 
She had demonstrated since the divorce 
and her near-ejection from royal status, 
he said pointedly, "that she needed no 
royal title to continue to generate her 
own particular brand of magic.” 

And he went out of his way to em- 
phasize the differences between Diana’s 
warm, spontaneous, sometimes pain- 
fully candid style of living and the royal 
family's grim adherence to tradition, io 
duty'," to keeping emotions in check 
rather than expressing them openly. 

' The Spencers — Diana's “blood 
family,” he called them, making the 
distinction with the family of her former 
in-laws — would do their best to help 
rear her two sons in the way Diana 
would have wanted. Lord Spencer 

^Addressing his remarks to his dead 

sister, the earl said: 

-We will do all we can to continue 
the imaginative and loving way in 
which you were steering these two ex- 
ceptional young raeu so that their souls 
are not siinply immersed by duty and 
tradition, but can sing openly as you 

Pl ^We fully respect the heritage into 
which thev have both been bom and will 
alwavs respect and encourage them m 
their royal role. But we. like you. rec- 
ognize the need for them to experience 

as many different aspects of life as pos- 
sible to arm them spiritually and emo- 
tionally for the years ahead. ' ’ 

In another startling break with tra- 
dition — almost as startling as seeing 
Elton John singing at such a solemn 
service and at such a solemn site — 
some mourners in the abbey burst into 
applause after the earl’s remarks. Out- 
side, thousands of. people watching on 
screens set up in Hyde Park were ap- 
plauding, too; many of them gave the 
earl a standing ovation. 

Lord Spencer and his two sisters all 
spoke at the service, as did Prime Min- 
ister Tony Blair. But it was significant 
that no member of the royal family 
addressed the mourners. Not was any 
member of the family except Prince 
Charles, who was accompanying his 
two sons, present at the' Spencer family 
service on Alihorp Estate, where Diana 
was to be buried. 

Lord Spencer directed his angriest 
comments at the news media, on which 
last week he had placed responsibility 
for Diana's death and which, he said 
Saturday, regularly drover her “to tear- 
ful despair.” His sister, he said, had 
seriously considered moving away from 
Britain "because of the treatment she 
received at the hands of the newspa- 

"I don’t think she ever understood 


why her genuinely good intentions were 
sneered at by the media, why there 
appeared to be a permanent quest on 
their behalf to bri ng her down.' ’ he said. 
"It is baffling. My own and only ex- 
planation is that genuine goodness is 
threatening to those at the opposite end 
of the moral spectrum.” 

Finally, the earl spoke warmly and 
personally of his sister, saying that be- 
yond all her beauty and glamor, she was 
at heart an extremely vulnerable young 
woman with "deep feelings oi unwor- 
thiness of which her eating disorders 
were merely a symptom.” 

Diana herself once said on television 
that her in-laws had never understood 
her eating problems and that, when it 
became clear she suffered from bulimia, 
thev had told her she was wasting food. 
With his remark. Lord Spencer was 
clearly saying that there were people in 
Diana's life who had cared about her 
vulnerabilities — but that the family of 
her former husband had not been among 

■ British Press Is Seif-Critical 

The stinging attack on the media by 
Lord Spencerat her funeral may well 
prove a watershed for the British press, 
Reuters reported from London. 

"Earl Spencer’s words about the 
hounding of his sister should be read 

carefully in every newspaper office in 
the land, including ours,’’ said the In- 
dependent on Sunday. 

"But that also reveals an underlying 
truth- In our dealings with Diana we 
behaved like children and we never had 
enough of her. The paparazzi were chas- 
ing her on our behalf last Sunday morn- 
ing because we did not know when to 
stop,” the newspaper said. 

The Observer said the media could 
nor ignore the impact of Lord Spencer’s 
words. Up to now. Britain’s rules for the 
media had struck a balance which gave 
scant protection against intrusion into 
people's private lives, but this balance, 
"no longer corresponds to the core val- 
ues of British society,” it said. 

A new balance had to be struck. "A 
first move must be regulation of the way 
highly personal, intrusive pictures are 
obtained and published.” 

Indications of how the press may 
change in the wake of Diana's death 
could emerge this week when the chair- 
man of the Press Complaints Commis- 
sion, Lord Wakeham. plans to starr a 
series of discussions with editors. 

The chairman of the self-regulatory 
unit's code committee. Sir David Eng- 
lish. chairman and editor in chief of the 
Associated Newspapers, said the press 
had to heed Lord Spencer’s words. 

In its commentary Sunday, the Ex- 

Eul OrijwrTh,- Pic*. 

A girl pondering events Sunday out- 
side Buckingham Palace. Many are 
wondering about Britain's future. 

press newspaper said the quesrion fa- 
cing editors and journalists was whether 
they had managed to maintain restraint 
and balance in’ their dealings with Di- 

"The devastating thought in the back 
of our minds is that we might have failed 
to do so. for that would indeed be a 
terrible indictment of our profession.” 

4t Funeral Scathing Tribute to ‘Most Hunted Person of the Modern Age’ 

/If A W'I'J ^ «uh,»n rvnirnllv «he was not taking time ing for a new direction in her life at this two exceptional young men so 

^ y .-i „,.r i,-v« tuition, and it was a gift you used when typically she was no tawng & endlesslv of getting their souls are not simply immers. 

The Associated Press 

Tribute bv Ear ! Spence r at the fu- 
neral of Diana . Princess oj 

I stand before you today the rep- 
resentative of a family in gneL »“ 
country' in mourning before a world 

Sh We are all united not OQ J>. 
desire to pay our respects to Dianatm 
rather incur need to ^ so For uch 
was her extraorduiary appeal that tne 

tens of millions of people aLm g P^. 
- this service ail over the world via f 
vSon^id radio who never actually 
met her feel that thev too lost someone 
“se o them in .he early hou« of 

Sundav morning. I> * 

able tribute to Diana than I can 

hope to offer her today. 

Diana was the essence of comj 

pass.on.ofdutv'.of s^.ofbean^i 

Self MS- * .^SSS. 

the last year dial she needed norojat 
title to conrinue to genera P 
ticular brand of magic. . VO u 
Todav is our chance to sa> thank . 

_ «_ hriehtened our lives tuition, and it was a gift you used 

for the way \ ou bngh a a]f a This what underpinned all your 

even though God gramea y wonderful attributes. And if we look to 


We will all feel cheated that you 

— tTeiTo 0 ^' say s 

' Ae p at aij Only now that you 
came along ^ ^ appreciate what 

we are now without^ we want you to 
Sow that life without you is very, very 


over the past you gave ^ 

strength <* giving has af- 

ffiVs'V— g .o m S ove fo, 


“““ stand taUenough as a hu- 

would be to miss «. wonderfully mis- 
Of your bemg. y^^ Xthe laugh 


,S v™s sense cf hnrnorwith the laug 

chievous sense oi j 0 y f 0 

that bent Y° n J 0 T*'J° r V ou took 

life transmuted ^ those 

V T your boundless en- 

^Sch ?on could barely con- 
,a | ut your greatest gift your in- 

wonderful attributes. And if we look to 
analyze what it was about you that had 
such a wide appeal we find it in your 
instinctive feel for what was really 
important: in all our lives- . . . 

without your God-given sensitivity 
we would be immersed in greater ig- 
norance at the anguish of AIDS and 
HIV sufferers, the plight of the home- 
less, the isolation of lepers, the random 
destruction of land mines. 


Diana explained to me once that it 
was her innermost feelings of suffering 
that made it possible for her to connect 
with her constituency of the rejected. 

And here we come to another truth 
about her.. For all the status, the glam- 
our, die applause. Diana remained 
throughout a very insecure person at 
heart almost childlike in her desire to 
do good for others so she could release 
herself from deep feelings of unwor- 
thiness of which her eating disorders 
were merely a symptom. 

The world sensed this part of her 
character and cherished her for her 
vulnerability, whilst admiring her for 
her honesty. 

The last time I saw Diana was on 
July the first, her birthday, in London. 

when typically she was not taking time 
to celebrate * her special day with 
friends but was guest of honor at a 
charity fund-raising evening. 


: sparkled of course, but I would 

ing for a new direction in her life at this 
time. She talked endlessly of gening 
away from England, mainly because of 
the treatment she received at the hands 
of the newspapeis. 

I don’t think she ever understood 
her genuinely good intentions 

why her genuinely go 
were sneered at by the media, why 
there appeared to be a permanent quest 
on their behalf to bring her down. It is 
baffling. My own. and only, explan- 

kllUlgi IV — - - 

moral spectrum. 

It is a point to remember that ot an 
the ironies about Diana, perhaps the 
greatest is this; that a girl given the 
name of the ancient goddess of hunting 
was, in the end, the most hunted person 
of the modem age. 

two exceptional young men so that 
their souls are not simply immersed by 
duty and tradition but can sing openly 
as you planned. 

We fully respect the heritage into 
which they have both been bom. and 
will always respect and encourage 
them in their royal role. But we. like 
you. recognize the need for them to 
experience as many different aspects of 
life as possible to arm them spiritually 
and emotionally for the years ahead. I 

.am*, w^erish the days 1 spent with her 
in March when she came to visit me 
and my children in our home in South 
Africa. .. , - 

I am proud of the fact that apart from 

when she was on public display meel- “J “^'"Vis'Seat- id em'otionallv for the years ahead. I 

ssfs-sft'rff sss sss sssssst. 

paparazzi from getting a single picture 
of her. That meant a lot to her. 

These are days I will always treas- 
ure. It was as if we’d been transported 
back to oiir childhood when we spent 
such an enormous amount of time to- 
gether, the two youngest in the fam- 


Fundamentally she hadn't changed 
at aU from the big sister who mothered 
me as a baby, fought with me at school 
and endured those long train journeys 
between our parents' homes with me at 

It is a tribute to her level-headedness 
and strength that despite the most 
bizarre life imaginable after her child- 
hood, she remained intact, true to her- 

There is no doubt that she was look- 

She would want us today to pledge 
ourselves to protecting her beloved 
boys William and Harry from a similar 
fate. And I do this here, Diana, on your 
behalf. We will not allow them to suf- 
fer the anguish that used regularly to 
drive you to tearful despair. 

Beyond that, on behalf of your moth- 
er and sisters, I pledge that we, your 
blood family, will do all we can to 
continue the imaginative and loving 
way in which you were steering these 

ine less from us. 

William and Harry, we all care des- 
perately for you today. We are all 
chewed up with sadness at the loss of a 
woman who wasn't even our mother. 
How great your suffering is we cannot 
even imagine. 

1 would like to end by thanking God 
for the small mercies he has shown us 
at this dreadful time; for taking Diana 
at her most beautiful and radiant and 
when she had so much joy in her 
private life. 

Above all. we give thanks for the life 
of a woman I am so proud to be able to 
call my sister: the unique the complex, 
the extraordinary - and irreplaceable Di- 
ana, whose beauty, both internal and 
external, will never be extinguished 
from our minds. 












































































Farewell to a Princess /Her Last Day Alive 

Collision Course: Diana’s Final Hours 

New York Times Service 
The following article h ot 
reported by Roger Cohen, 
Mortise Simons and Craig R. 
Whitney, and was written by 
Mr Cohen. 

PARIS — Throughout the 
summer Diana, Princess of 
Wales, and the photographers 
who pursued her were bound 
in a dance of attraction and 
repulsion that reached the 
deadly limit of its contradic- 
tions on the last day of her 

From Saint-Tropez to 
Sardinia to the last ratal visit 
to Paris — the predictable 
summer haunts of die rich and 
famous — the dance had gone 
on, ever more tense and con- 
fused. By the time Diana 
reached a Paris apartment of 
her companion, Dodi al 
Fayed, a week ago Saturday, 
and found the paparazzi 
awaiting her there, the couple 
had had enough. 

Yet just a few weeks earli- 
er, Diana had not been averse 
to using photographers to 
cany die message that she. 
too, had put a loveless mar- 
riage behind her. 

The resulting photographs 

— of Diana swimming, of the 
couple strolling in Saint- 
Tropez, of Mr. al Fayed's 
hand on Diana’s backside as 
they embrace aboard a boat 

— amounted, for Paris 
Match, to “the image of the 
summer of 1997." 

It was far from Paris, on a 
yachr anchored off the coast 
of Sardinia, that the couple's 
last day began. From begin- 
ning to end. their exaspera- 
tion with the photographers 
was clearly mounting. 

Swimming beside the boat 
that morning, at the end of a 
weeklong vacation, the 
couple were photographed. 
There was, according to the al 
Fayed family, an altercation 
with Italian photographers 
who approached on a speed- 
boat and asked them to pose. 

Then, on arriving several 
hours later at Le Bourget air- 
port near Paris at 3:20 P.M. 
aboard a private jet from Ol- 
bia, Sardinia, they found 
more photographers waiting 
for them. On motorbikes, the 
photographers pursued them 
into town. A spokesman for 
the al Fayed family said Fri- 
day that Diana had expressed 
concern that one of the bikers 
might get killed, so recklessly 
were they driving. 

"It's remarkable that in 

Paris, they were photo- 
graphed all day," said Bern- 
ard DarteveUe. a laywer for 
the al Fayed family. "From 
pictures confiscated by the 
police, you can see that they 
were followed constantly, 
that security guards had to 
intervene, that Diana was try- 
ing to avoid the camera, and 
that Dodi was annoyed." 

One of the first Paris pho- 
tographs shows the couple 
disembarking from the plane 
and Henri Paul, the assistant 
chief of security at the Ritz 
Hotel, awaiting them. 

From the airport he drove 
them to Mr. al Fayed’s apart- 
ment in the Rue Arsene- 
Houssaye, less than a block 
from the Arc de Triomphe on 
the corner of the Champs- 
Elysees. Outside the apart- 
ment, shortly after 4 P.M., 
several paparazzi were 

The couple initially spent 
about an hour at the apart- 
ment. Here, Mr. al Fayed’s 
father, Mohamed. later found 
a pair of cuff links that had 
belonged to Diana's late fa- 
ther and a gold cigar clipper 
with a rag inscribed "With 
love from Diana," the al- 
Fayed family said. 

Michael Cole, a spokes- 
man for the elder al Fayed, 

bistro Chez Benoit. But such 
was the crowd surrounding 
them when they left the Ritz 
that this quickly appeared im- 

After returning to fee 
apartment, they decided in- 
stead to go back to the Ritz 
for dinner According to 
film from security cameras 
3 t the hotel, released Friday 
by the al Fayed family, they 
entered the hotel at 9:52 P.M 
to dine. 

It is clear that die couple 
spent all or part of their time 
at the Ritz in privacy, though 
it is not clear whether they did 
so in the Imperial Suite or a 
salon. It is at this time that Mr. 
al Fayed offered a diamond 
ring to Diana. It bad been 
bought at the Respossi Jew- 
elers, on the Place Vendome. 
opposite the Ritz, for 

With photographers ga- 
thered outside die hotel, and 
the couple inside, the hotel 
management decided to call 
back Mr. Paul, who had 
worked at the hotel for 11 
years. A former captain in the 
French Army, he appears to 
have been viewed by some in 
die hotel as a pillar of re- 
liability and by others as a 
swaggering tough guy with a 
weakness for alcohol and a 

back of the Ritz with Mr. Paul 
so as to avoid the dozens of 
photographers gathered at die 
front of the hotel, Mr. Cole 
said. Film released Friday 
shows the couple waiting at 
the back entrance for a car to 
arrive. Mr. al Fayed has an 
arm around Diana. 

The film — jumpy and 
hazy — then shows the 
couple leaving from the back 
door of the Ritz in the Rue 
Catnbon, making their way 
toward a wailing Mercedes S- 
280 sedan, ana driving off. 
Mr. Paul, the driver, accom- 
panies them, as does a se- 
curity agent, Trevor Rees- 
Jones, who takes the seat be- 
side Mr. Paul in the from. The 
time was 12:20 A.M. Sunday 

In die film, there do not 
appear to be any paparazzi at 
the back entrance. But a com- 
mentator said a Ritz guard 
had seen somebody nearby 
with a portable telephone 
who may have callea pho- 

In any event, it is clear that 
by the time the car reached the 
nearby Place de La Concorde, 
several photographers had 
caught up with die couple. 
Among them was Romuald 
Rat of the Gamma agency, 
who was on a motorbike dri v- 

By the tone Diana reached the Paris apartment of 
her companion, Dodi al Fayed, a week ago Saturday, 
and found the paparazzi awaiting her there, the couple 
had clearly had enough. 

said the cuff links were "the 
last gift Qiana received from 
her late father." 

In the late afternoon, the 
couple went shopping on the 
Champs-Elysees, where they 
were followed by photo- 
graphers and chaperoned by 
Mr. Paul. "They were being 
harassed all the time," Mr. 
Cole said. 

Then, at about 6:30 P.M., 
they went to the Ritz Hotel, 
where the Imperial Suite was 
made available to them. 

An hoar later, at 7:30 P.M., 
they left the Ritz, apparently 
with no intention of returning 
there that evening. It was at 
this time that Mr. Paul was 
allowed to leave and told that 
his day was over, officials 
close to the hotel said. 

The couple’s intention. Mr. 
Dartevelle said, had been to 
go to the fashionable Paris 


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Rambo-like machismo. 

"If Mr. Paul had ever be- 
trayed a taste for drink, he 
would have been summarily 
fired," Mr. Cole said. “He 
was dependable." 

It is not clear whether Mr. 
Paul was at his apartment — a 
fifth-floor walk-up on the 
central Rue des Petits- 
Champs — or was reached on 
a cellular phone. He was not, 
according to a waitress, at the 
Bar de Bourgogne, next to his 
home, where he often ate but 
only rarely took a drink. 

What is clear is that the 
security agent would have 
spent more than two hours of 
a Saturday evening con- 
vinced that his work was 
over, before returning by car 
to the Ritz shortly after 10 

If he was indeed extremely 
drunk at the time of the crash 
that killed Diana and Mr. al 
Fayed — and the French po- 
lice have put the alcohol in nis 
blood at a level that equates 
roughly to the consumption 
of a bottle-and-a-half of wine 
— then it appears that he must 
have begun drinking during 
those two hours. 

The al Fayed family insists 
that Mr. Paul showed ho signs 
of drunkenness on his return 
and spent the next two hours 
without drinking in die com- 
pany of British and French 
security agents. On Friday, 
the film released by the fam- 
ily showed him talking to oth- 
er security agents. It was not 
clear how long the conver- 
sation lasted. 

Mr. al Fayed himself made 
the decision ro leave from the 

en by a colleague, Stephane 

Mr. Rat said that before a 
traffic light at the southwest 
comer of the square turned 
green. Mr. Paul gunned the 
car and it veered westward 
into the straight four-lane 
Cours la Reine, running 
alongside the River Seine. 
"We decided not to try to 
catch up with them." Mr. Rat 
said. “It was impossible." 

What was happening in- 
side the speeding car is not 
known. French police de- 
clined to say if autopsies were 
performed on Mr. al Fayed 
and Diana. 

In whai some British cor- 
oners have described as an 
unusual procedure. Mr. ai 
Fayed’s body was immedi- 
ately taken back to London 
for burial after the crash, 
without any post-mortem in 

Mr. Rat’s account is. in es- 
sence, that of all the photo- 
graphers. seven of whom 
were arrested by police in the 
aftermath of the accident and 
three of whom later turned 
themselves in: The Mercedes 
roared away ahead of them 
and was alone as it entered the 
tunnel under the intersection 
at the Alma bridge. 

“Are we the guilty one, or 
is the Ritz?" Nikola Arsov of 
the Sipa photographic agency 
asked Friday. “How could 
they let a driver who was 
drunk get behind the wheel of 
a car carrying the princess, or 
anybody else?” Like Mr. Rat, 
Mr. Arsov was detained by 
police after the accident 

Another, radically differ- 

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ent account — that of the al 
Fayed family and some wit- 
nesses who have talked to the 
police — holds that at least 
one photographer on a mo- 
torbike was next to the car as 
it entered the tunnel, and so 
forced Mr. Paul into a ma- 
neuver that proved fatal. In 
this way, the family contends, 
the paparazzi almost literally 
killed the princess and her 

Mr. DarteveUe, the lawyer, 
said Friday that he had several 
witnesses for this version of 
events. One of the ihern, Fran- 
cois Levy, a unemployed 
maritime pilot from Rouen, 
said he had been driving 
through the tunnel ahead of 
the Mercedes at a speed of 
about 140 kilometers per 
hour, or 84 miles per hour. 

“I was halfway though 
when I saw a convoy enter 
and was on the way up out of 
the tunnel when I saw the 
motorcycle ro the left of ihe 
Mercedes accelerate," he 
said. “It made a fishtail ma - 1 
neuver across the front of the 
Mercedes, and ar that point it 
looked as if a flashbulb went 
off. Then I saw the Mercedes 
veer to the left, to the right, 
and to the left a gain, and I 
heard a big noise." 

Whatever the truth, it was 
in the tunnel, just after the 
road dips and veers left, that 
the car crashed into the 13th 
of a line of columns dividing 
fee two sides of fee highway, 
spun around and hit fee op- 
posite wall. 

Mr. Paul and Mr. al Fayed 
were killed instan tly; Diana 
died later in a hospital; Mr. 
Rees-Jones, severely injured, 
survived, but has not yet been 
able to talk. He was. accord- 
ing to police, the only one 
wearing a seat belt 

Mr. Rat said he reached the 
scene about a minute after the 
accident. He heart what he 
thought was a siren — Mr. 
Paul's body slumped against 
the car horn. The impact had 
jammed the motor and the 
steering column back into the 
passenger compartment. 

The photographer said he 
ran to fee car, took some pic- 
tures and tried to help. He 
opened fee right rear door, on 
Diana's side, and tried to 
determine if she was alive. “I 
said in English to stay calm, 
that I was there, feat help 
would arrive." he said. 

Police officers, firemen, a 
doctor and other onlookers 
arrived very soon afterward. 
Diana was rushed to a hos- 
pital, but it was too late to 
save her. she was already suf- 
fering from heavy internal 

At fee crash site, photo- 
graphers said, fee situation 
seemed "normal" for some 
time: police keeping order, 
firemen cutting fee victims 
loose, ambulances taking 
them away, and photograph- 
ers, behind a makeshift bar- 
rier, taking pictures. 

Several photographers left 
before the mood turned uglier 
and police detained seven 
photographers, later formally 
placing feem under investi- 
gation for being criminally 
responsible for provoking fee 
crash and failing to prove as- 
sistance ar fee scene. 



# ■: ' 



[ijvirf JwWApim ftwrftpn** 1 

Members of the public placing candles and flowers Sunday at Aithorp Park." - 

Paris Police Seek a Driver ' 
Possibly Linked to Crash | 

Car May Have Tried to Slow Mercedes Carrying Diana :v.- 

By Craig R. Whitney 

Stu Yurk Times Smicc 

PARIS — Police and judicial investigators 
continued searching Sunday for fee driver of a 
car they believe might have been trying to 
slow down fee black Mercedes S-280 feat was 
earn ing Diana, Princess of Wales, last Sun- 
day morning so feat photographers pursuing 
on motorcycles could get a shot of her through 
the window, according to lawyers dose to the 

The princess died after fee car went out of 
control at about 1 2:30 AM. on Aug. 31 at high 
speed and rammed a support pillar in a tunnel 
under the Place de I' Alma. The driver, who 
was killed in fee crash along wife Dodi al 
Fayed, Diana's escort in Paris, was legally 
drunk ar the time, prosecutors said. 

Mr. al Fayed's father, the owner of fee Ritz 
Hotel where the driver. Henri Paul, was as- 
sistant director of security, is a civil party to 
the investigation proceedings and requested 
another test of bibod from Mr. Paul's body 
that was taken Friday. Investigators did not 
make the results available Sunday. 

Nine photographers and one of their mo- 
torcycle drivers have been placed under in- 
vestigation for possibly contributing to fee 
causes of the accident and fee deaths by 
reckless driving, and failing to come to the aid 
of fee victims. 

All were released after two days of in- 
terrogation by detectives and prosecutors last 
week bur two had to pay S 16.700 bail and 
were barred from practicing their profession 
as long as the investigation lasts: Romuald Rat 
of fee Gamma agency and Christian Martinez 
of the Angelj agency. 

Mr. Rat has acknowledged being among 
fee first to reach fee scene, opening the righr 
rear door to take Diana's pulse to see if she 
was alive and taking pictures of fee wreck. 



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He and other photographers whom wif--' 
nesses saw snapping scores of pictures of fee: 
wreck said they did try to help, and some said ' 
they tried to dial 15, fee emergency ambulance 
service number in Paris, or 17, the police*-' 
number, to summon emergency crews. ", V 
Serge Arnal, a photographer for fee StillsT-*. 
agency who was chasing Diana’s car thaT ’ > 
night, tried to call but misdialed, according lo 1 - J 
his lawyer, Jean-Marc Coblence. “He parfr ££ 
icked," Mr. Coblence said. 7 

Bur the Paris newspaper Journal daDi* * 
manche said Sunday that investigators’ 1 ' 
checked the billing records for the portable,"’ 
phones of all the photographers under: hf-^' 
vesdgation, including three who turned then^"- 
selves in several days after the accident, -andV 
were unable to find that any of feem had tried',*.--,- 
to report fee accident. Dr. Frederic Mailliez. a f 
doctor who happened on the accident scene" \ • ' 

while on his way back from a private evening^ • l 
said he did. -T\ ■ ' rVi — 

Two unnamed witnesses quoted by fee'V 
newspaper said they had seen the MercedeS- 
accelerate sharply topass a slower car traveling'?'- 
immediately in front of it, wife two people ona 
motorcycle immediately behind. Francois 1 * 

Levy, an unemployed harbor pilot in Rouetf • 
who was further ahead, also said he saw the -’ 
headlights of a car in front of the Mercedes and" ■ 
what appeared to be a motorcycle veer in front ’ 
of it just before it lost controL 
Bernard Dartevelle, a lawyer for fee af' 

Fayed family, said fee police had interviewed"' 
several witnesses who would testify to having" * 
seen a car and one or two motorcycles puP-"' - 
su'mg fee Mercedes in a way that could have - 
caused it to go out of control. ! gj 

A bodyguard in fee car, Trevor Rees-Jones.*" 

29. survived because he was wearing a'sefflfc :* 
belt. But prosecutors said he has been oofibfe-' 
to talk to feem about fee events because of"- 
severe injuries to his jaw. . - 














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Farew ell to a Princess/ The Gri 



ieving Continues 

A Crush of Mourners Paralyzes London the Day After Diana’s Funeral 

play a role as a special ambassador for icized a week ago for attending a service 
the country. He also said a ‘ ‘better, more the morning of Diana’s death in which 

UnKin 1 ’ T L .■ • -«■ 

% Dan Balz and Christine S polar school,” the official was quoted as say- Mr. Blair also said he understood why play a role as a special ambassador for icized a week ago for attending a service 

— w <Hhin sron /><.« w,-. ^ ixig. “The Prince of Wales wants some the family had orefenred to stay in at the country. He also said a better, more the morning of Diana’s death in which 

i-ONDON Th » . . . time and space for ihe boys so they can Balmoral Castle in Scotland in the days compassionate Britain would be her nothing was said about the accident. 

fused Sunriow tn i " e ^ cof™ 1 to terms with their Joss and prepare after Diana's death, rather than returning best legacy- After the service, the Reverend 

oftfralpc 7“^ 10 lel 8° 0‘ Diana, Princess for their future.” immediately to London. The prime minister also announced Robert Sloan said events the previous 

strms mou ^J ds clogged the Meanwhile, Prime Minister Tony “The question was what was best for that he had asked Gordon Brown, the Sunday had been a shock for everyone in 
trooned tn if ns ■ “ lous ands of mourners Blair defended the royal family in a the children. Heaven forbid this ever chancellor of the Exchequer, to lead a the family, particularly Princes William 

ster Abht*v ^ U1 n to ?. Pa if ce * ^estmin- television interview broadcast Sunday, happens, but I know if anything ever committee to consider other ways to and Harry. 

another ■»« , . Buckingham Palace in “The royal family has been through a happened ioCherie.”hesaid of his wife, commemorate the pnneess, who was "We have tried to move the process of 

astonishing snow of emotion. very hard time this week.” he told the “I wouldn’t actually want to have the killed in an automobile accident Aug. 31 grief on a bit more today,” he- said, 

latent Vmu ?* b y the journalist David Frost, “and I think crit- kids in Downing Street. I would want that also took the lives of her companion, Mr. Blair flew to Scotland on. Sunday, 

AiHomnhiw UrU1 ° P“ b,,c sentiment, icism of them is very unfair.” them somewhere where they were re- Dodi al Fayed, and their driver. where be lunched with Queen Elizabeth 

Road ni~lr.iT cra j vled a * on § Kensington “I think that the way they responded moved from it. And so I hope that people The queen and her husband, the Duke at Balmoral. The agenda was expected to 

anil npnl wbere Diana lived, this week showed that they know how do understand that.” of Edinburgh, said prayers for Diana dur- include a discussion of how the monarchy 

frorunf w S P . e “ mto tbe roadway in important it is that they are close with the Mr. Blair also confirmed that, shortly ing morning services at Crathie Church at should respond to the unprecedented 

, ? slITUn 1 sler Abbey, where the country, and they are like that." he said, before Diana'sdeath, he had asked her to Balmoral on Sunday. They were exit- public reaction to Diana's death. Already 

P^^ss funeral service was held Sal- 

FUTURE; The Monarchy Confronts a Storm Unleashed by the Mourning for Diana 

participate in what has become a Continued from Page I they have had a taste of the power of that willing to. The casting of Diana as the ing. He has explored other faiths and 

to flra UVe naUOn ^ experience continued idea, they can be expected to keep press- people's princess and the demonizaiion cultures and receives guests at his High- 
er'' 1 ’ unexpectedly large crowds. that even they did not know existed. A ine for it. of Charles have left the heir apparent to srove estate dressed in a Muslim 

happened loCherie.” he said of his wife. 
“1 wouldn't actually want to have the 
kids in Downing Street I would want 
them somewhere where they were re- 

commetnorate the princess, who was 

lolled in an automobile accident Aug. 3 1 
that also took the lives of her companion, 
Dodi al Fayed, and their driver. 

The queen and her husband, the Duke 
of Edinburgh, said prayers for Diana dur- 

would be her nothing was said about the accident. 

After the service, the Reverend 
so announced Robert Sloan said events the previous 
in Brown, the Sunday had been a shock for everyone in 
|uer, to lead a the family, particularly Princes William 
jther ways to and Harry. 

ess, who was "We have tried to move die process of 

‘idem Aug. 3 1 grief on a bit more today,” he said, 
ler companion, Mr. Blair flew to Scotland on. Sunday, 
iriver. where be lunched with Queen Elizabeth 

land, the Duke at Balmoral. The agenda was expected to 
for Diana dur- include a discussion of how the monarchy 

Continued from Page 1 
that even they did not know existed. A 

they have had a taste of the power of that 
idea, they can be expected to keep press- 
ing for it. 

Prime Minister Tony Blair caught the 
national mood early on, identifying Di- 
ana as the “people's princess” and then 
stepping in to try to translate the new 

... . J ° uwi xvbu uiu mu miuw GxjMeu. rt ing tor n. 

* ne public display of emotion came as society that kept its hands behind its Prime Minister Tony Blair 
Diana's former husband, back or in its pockets was suddenly national mood early on, idem 
appealed for ‘time and space’ ' to give throwing its arms around people. ana as the “people's princess' 

Pr * nce William and Prince “We have become a more emotional, stepping in to try to translat 
i , Opportunity to gneve their less deferential, more plural people.” Bn tain for the court advisers. 
?S er i S 0SS 10 P rivale - said Andrew Man. editor of The In- He has often talked of his 

Charles and the boys were at the dependent. projecting a new, young, vig 

rnnee or Wales s Highgrove estate near “We are not the same ordered society compassionate image of Britai 
i ejbury in Gloucestershire, where they that was built in the postwar period and was the nation that was on 
went immediately after her burial at her which the royal family used to be an Diana's fimeral. 

‘•uhdy estate north of London. emblem of.” It may be that even with th< 

A spobesir^n for Buckingham Palace The people who thought Diana got the of the image-sawy new La 
tola news services that the royal family royal role right and believed the Wind- ernment, the monarchy can n 
wanted me media ro stay away from the sors were out of touch did not know what pete with the style and memor 
boys schools, Eton and Ludgrove. when a multitude they were until the past and will never satisfy the new 
at s ? me P°hit in the future, week. demands of the British peopj 

The last thing they need is to face a They want a monarchy that is more leam to live in an emotional aj 
blast of flashguns when they go back to natural and less remote, and now thar strarive way that it has not be 

w illin g to. The casting of Diana as the 
people's princess and the deraonizatiou 
of Charles have left the heir apparent to 

the British throne holding up the coun- jellaba. 

ing. He has explored other faiths and 
cultures and receives guests at his High- 
grove estate dressed in a Muslim 

MONARCHY: Duma’s Legacy 

terbalancing end of an unhappy equa- 
tion: By tins reckoning, he is heartless 
and out of touch. 

There is an irony in this because many 

He has often talked of his desire of of his interests separate him from the 

projecting a new, young, vigorous and 
compassionate image of Britain, and that 
was the nation that was on display in 
Diana's funeral. 

It may be that even with the prodding 
of the image-sawy new Labour gov- 
ernment, the monarchy can never com- 
pete with the style and memory of Diana 
and will never satisfy the new tastes and 
demands of the British people. It must 
leam to live in an emotional and demon- 
strative way that it has not been able or 

older generation of his family and speak 
to a younger and more experimental 

The focus in recent days has been on 
the charitable undertakings of Diana’s, 
but through his Prince’s Trust, Charles 

There is an awkwardness and shyness 
about him that forestalls his ever being 
an electrifying presence. 

The option of passing the crown di- 
rectly to his son, a staple of gossip 
columns, is unthinkable for someone of 
his training. Of course that training was 
also aimed at a Britain that the events of 
the past week confirmed no longer ex- 

There is some question about how 

has been in touch with the problems of Prince Charles can pull himself up from 

inner cities and the dilemma of unem- 
ployed youth in an economy that ben- 
efits skilled workers. 

He has interests in alternative medi- 
cines, town planning and organic farm- 

his present wretched state. He is sud- 
denly a single father of young boys, 
tormented and guilt-ridden by his treat- 
ment of their mother, whose vast new 
shadow he will never escape. 

the queen has been forced to break pro- 
tocol to reassure the nation that she and 
other members of the royal family were in 
touch with the public mood. 

Mr. Blair has played a crucial, behind- 
the-scenes role in offering advice and 
indicated that he believed the family was 
more prepared to change than they had 
been a week earlier. 

But it was unclear how long it may 
lake Britain to come to terms with the 
loss of the woman who had come ro be 
known as the “people's princess.” 
Judging from scenes around London on 
Sunday, it may take longer than most 
people had anticipated. 

A day after more than 1 million people 
filled the streets ro witness Diana’s fu- 
neral cortege and service — a funeral 
unlike any in British hisroiy — people 
were out in force again. Few were 
merely curious; mosr carried flowers, 
and many held handkerchiefs. 

The route that the cortege had fol- 
lowed through Hyde Park was thick with 
people heading back toward Kensington 
Palace. There was a similar stream of 
people heading toward the palace from 
the Gloucester Road subway station 
about 10 minutes south of the palace. 

People driving to London from the 
south of England said roads were packed 
with cars and most of those cars carried 
bouquets of flowers. 

The gales at Buckingham Palace, 
where Queen Elizabeth lives, were 
jammed with people. Westminster Abbey 
was drowning anew in flowers. And the 
country has never seen the anything like 
the solemn stampede at Kensington that 
has reduced its once-grcen lawn to dust 

Continued from Page 1 

biography of Queen Eliza- 
beth, he describes similar 
hopes and idolatry invested in 
the dutiful 25-year-old at the 
start of her reign in the 

The essence of royalty is 
regeneration. Margaret, 
Queen Elizabeth's sister, de- 
scribed the 1953 coronation 
as t‘Phoenix-tirae." 

It is impossible for anyone 
of ..Diana's generation, or 
even children of the 1 960s, to 
imagine die history-book re- 
ports of the exhilarating re- 
sponse of a postwar public to 
f ‘the beauty, innocence add 
'earnestness" of their fairy- 
tale- “New Elizabethan” 
queen. It is like trying to be- 
lieve in Queen Victoria as a 
shiny new 18-year-old mon- 
arch, instead of a grouchy old 
lady as a figurehead of em- 

The scale of “Diana wor- , 
ship” may be unique in this 
media-saturated age, but ex- 
travagant enthusiasm greeted 
Queen Elizabeth’s accession. 
The Manchester Guardian 
newspaper reported that ‘ ‘the 
inarticulate hopes and fears of 
the masses are centered on her 
person.' ’ They were the same 
feelings that had been inves- 
ted, in die charismatic, for- 
ward-looking Edward VIQ, 
whose abdication in 1936 
rallied the monarchy and has 
cast a baleful shadow to this 

Elizabeth Longford, author 
a 1£83 biography of Queen 
-Elizabeth, even remembers 
.fuijlic sentiments of a “ro- 
mantic prince” attached to 
Charles at his 1969 invest- 
iture as Prince of Wales — a 
20-year-old Cambridge Uni- 
versity student going through 
a medieval ceremony ar the 
height of the hang-loose 

0ne problem, the author 
says, is the change in life ex- 
pectancy that has broken the 
centuries-old tradition that 
“Princes and Princesses 
came to the throne ^when 
young and glamorous.” 

Age will not weary Diana, 
whose face is for ever en- 
shrined in the images shown 
Jver the last week. But time 
and age tend to deal harshly 
with those who outlive the 
public hopes or seem no 
longer to incarnate the spirit 
of their age, such as is ex- 
pressed when “Georgian, 
“Victorian” or “Edwardi- 
an” defines a set of values 
and a cultural context 

Is young William now the 
appropriate figure to take 
over as the royals' new 
“golden child”? 

Bereft of Diana, who had a 
natural empathy with her age, 
the* public will instinctively 
look to William, rather than 
Charles, who is implicated in 
the royal rejection of the Pnn- 
cpss of Wales. Yet Mj"- 
• frplott says that it is "ill- 
biformed fantasizing for 
anyone to suggest that 
‘ thfr‘ young prince should now 

be the heir to the throne. 

“How do you skip a gen- 
eration?" he asks. “The con- 
stitution is quite plain on this 
point — Charles will become 
king when his mother dies, 
unless he is booted our by 
Parliament or abdicates. ' ' 

“People power” may be 
able to bring flags down to 
half staff, but it cannot change 
the essence of the royal hered- 
itary system. 

And that is also, says Mr. 
Pimlot, why the increasing 
number of people who be- 
lieve that Diana's death 
sounds a death-knell for the 
monarchy and that Elizabeth 
will be die last monarch, will 
be proved wrong. 

He says that it would have 
to be "in the interests of two 
political parties" to vote the 
royals out, and the current 
prime minister, Tony Blair, 
has been conspicuously sup- 
portive of the monarchy. 

So what is to be done? Mr. 
Vickers asserts that the mon- 
archy’s position is "recover- 
able” — although Charles is 
likely to find himself inher- 
iting in old age, as a * ‘retired’ ’ 
king.. His immediate role 
should be as a “good friend” 
to the two bereaved teenage 

Miss Longford, who sees 
Diana’s meteoric course 
through the royal family as 
tike a “shooting star.” feels 
that “in one sense she has 
gone and nothing is left be- 
hind-’ ' Elizabeth should try to 
.pick up some shreds of Di- 
ana’s mantle and become the 
“people’s Queen." Charles 
should accept that be may 
have another 20 years in wait- 

And William? 

“He has to think how to 
use his life positively — it has 
to be a preparation for lung- 
ship, but it should also be 
intrinsically valuable,” says 
Miss Longford, who expects 
Tha t William will not be king 
before he is “a mature 

For the public, the next 
great royal event is likely to 
be the passing of the Queen 

For a chastened press. 
Prince William’s choice of a 
bride may be treated with - 
more sensitivity, but it wdl 
still be the royal story of the 
21st century because it will 
secure the dynasty. 

But the inumedjaie legacy 
of Diana to the royal family 
should be, says Mr. Vickers, a 
period of reflection. 

“To pul it *n Diana s 
words,” he says, “TTte mon- 
archy needs some time and 

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U.S. Asks Cuba for Proof on Bombs 

By Steven Erlanger 

foil Ytfft t Tunes Si-nii t 

WASHINGTON - A Stale Venn- 
ment spokesman says that Umced 
States has no idea who waS 
series of bombings in Havana 
and that the Cuban gown^ M* % T 
responded to our repeated wgMO » 
substantive information weuden^to 
support the contention ofl- 

me ^We reiterate our commitment to in- 
vestigate if the Cuban government 

provides substantive inforn1 ^ or ^s 
idence. which they have not doneto dus 
date." said the spokesman, James Fo 

1C> A bomb exploded in oneofHavanas 
hest-known tounst restaurants iaie 
Tliursdav. after three bombs had ^x- 
nloded earlier in the day at three ot the 
city's seafront hotels, killing an Italian 

bU En^loyees at the restaurant, die Bo- 
deeuita del Medio, made tamous by Ern- 
est" Hemingway, said there were no in- 
SriSfiB* 'he small bomb, which 

‘damaged furniture. . 

The Cuban Foreign Ministry said the 
attacks were pan of a campaign of ter- 
rorism aimed at damaging the Cuban 
economy and claimed that they were 
organized by Cuban exiles living m the 

United States. Two luxury hotels in 
Havana were bombed in July as well. 

Another U.S. official said that Wash- 
ington had told Havana chat the United 
States was opposed to terrorism every- 
where, and that it would act to punish 
any Americans responsible if evidence 
were provided backing up Havana s as- 
sertions. . 

There were numerous theories about 
who was behind the bombings, the of- 
ficial said, including dissidents in Cuba 
opposed to the government, nationalist 
Cubans offended by the prostitution and 
olitz of the tourist trade. 

" The Cuban Foreign Ministry blamed 
Miami-based devotees of the ex-dictator 
of Cuba. Fuleencio Batista, who was 
supported bv the United States but was 
overthrown by Fidel Castro in 1959. 

The recent bombings took place on 
the anniversary of a 1933 coup that First 
brought Mr. Batista to power, the Cuban 
Foreign Ministry noted, but U.S. of- 
ficials said the dates could be purely 

Cuba’s tourism industry has become 
its fastest-growing economic sector and 
has attracted foreign investment, over- 
taking sugar exports as the main source 
of hard currency. The bombs clearly 
seemed aimed at damaging Cuba’s ef- 
forts to promote tourism. 

The Interior Ministry', in a statement 

in Havana, said it was “taking the nec- 
essary measures against these cowardly 
and repugnant acts," but provided no 
details. Pope John Paul U is due to visit 
Cuba in January. 

■ Dissident Group Speaks Out 

Cuba's booming tourism industry has 
long frustrated Cuban dissidents who 
see it as a lifeline for Fidel Castro s 
struggling economy. The Associated 
Press reported. _ . „ 

One Miami-based group. Alpha oo, 
said the attacks probably were earned 
out by “clandestine cells' ’ within Cuba. 
The Alpha 66 leader. Nazario Sargen, 
denied a direct role, which would violate 1 
U.S. - law. “There are many clandestine 
cells in Cuba," Mr. Sargen said. 

He shrugged off the death of an Italian 
businessman, Fabio Di Celmo. 32, in 
Thursday's bombing of the Hotel Co- 
pacabana. Mr. Di Celmo was a Montreal 
resident with a Europe-based import- 
export business. ^ . ... 

• ‘The plan is not to kill anybody, ne 
said. "The plan is to destroy the pos- 
sibility that tourists come to Cuba. The 
tourists are helping to maintain the Cu- 
ban economy.' 

Cuba said it expected to gross 3>l. / 
h ill in n this year from 1.3 million tour- 

Uimuu uiu j&ttt * ■- - — 

ists. up from $1.3 billion last year when 
1 milli on tourists visited the island. 

R*vn asWAscnee FiawTr^ 

BEUING HILLBILLIES — Dogs and a goat 
balancing atop a truck on a ring road Sunday. 

Visit us on our site on the 
• • World Wide Web. 



In Beijing ; 

Fights for 

^ rn 


Reuters changes eo- 

BEIJING -ChmasCo^ at congress^ 

tnunist elite has * The fact tha! I the storafe 

three -dav plenum Md the “i „ion had dragged at 

days fete , 

in die pany. pan> solirces congre ss was almost unpnse, 
said Sunday. . . .. _ de nted in the Commuiustera 
The oartv elite, including de , the party s ; ad- 

said Sunday. . . _ rfented in the commurusi era 

The party elite, reflected the party _s ad- 

some 200 nternbe* jnstment from the era of««- 

Central CommtiKe. J ^ ro a more collective ■ : 

tevoIimonanesandtheWU leadership , sources said. | 

buro. opened their meetup ^ past , one person 

Saturday in the party sJin^i lddecidee veryihin& now : 

guest house m western Bei zenun can't do tfes,; 1 ; 

fin* die sources said. nnTnartv source said. He is 

The agenda for ttemsej^ oot a htoo Zedong, he is nou ; 

• includes approvalcrf a b Xiaoping. Jk \. : 

print for policy into *e -is ^ CQngresS W1 n be. «£• \ 

Century for the party chief and ne J y two decadotte , 

state president, Jiang ^ without Deng : 

preset Friday to the op^ng gJP & paiamount j 
of the party’s congress, which death . in Feb- . ! 

•essrsiis ^ 

“jfeESiBg SJSfejKEi 

!. r .-a- 

*&■■■* - • . .«.* 

^ ' < 

r - 

tiff.? ■ ,-r* 

*fi*Zc* ' 

final appreval for the dates or ' Jiang . ©. . 

the congress, to be attendedby c banle over personnel 

2,048 delegates fromMUM? cbange s has traditionally been 
China and expected to ed a f ew weeks before a 

week. It will be follow^ by the party elite 

three days of meetings start ~ j . ^ August at 
urg s epL9t°makefii^pre p - refertof 

aranons for the congress. Reidaihe to hammer out dif- 

faenoes and jostle fm jdhS;_ 


plfS- 61 ’ 



39^ r -~-: ’ - 

I, U also « to J d ^e for jobs. : 

prove the expulsion “Thev have still not de- 

party of the former Beymg personnel 

lion-doLlar corrupnon scandal a, B^5gg le undere cot5 

in China s capital. Tians’s inability to im- 

J£SS?S 3 SS sflrife:- 
sfja‘K p,rois.M “ 

China Ties Still Touchy 

As Hashimoto Leaves 

Cjmpded (n Our Saiff Frew Dispstcha 

DALIAN. China — Prime 
Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto 
of Japan navigated the mine- 
field of Tokyo-Beijing rela- 
tions during a visit to China 
that ended Sunday, officials 
said, adding that ties remain 
touchy between the two coun- 

The four-day tnp con- 
cluded with a visit to Dalian, a 
center for Japanese invest- 
ment in the northeast and a 
region once brutalized by the 
Japanese military. 

The two sides narrowed dif- 
ferences on terms for China s 
entry to the World Trade Or- 
ganization and agreed to co- 
operate on environmental is- 
sues. Mr. Hashimoto invited 
President Jiang Zemin to visit 
Japan next year. 

Japan is China's largest 
trading partner and one of its 
biggest investors, but the 
countries’ relations have been 
clouded for decades by Jap- 
anese reluctance to apologize 
for wartime atrocities. 

On Saturday. Mr. Hashi- 
moto made a symbolically 
important visit to Shenyang, 
becoming the first postwar 
Japanese" leader to visit the 
city where Japan began its 
invasion of China in 1931. 

Mr. H ashim oto, who re- . 
turned to Tokyo late. Sunday, 
defined his mission as bring- 
ing balance to East Asia’s stra- 
■ t eg i c triangle of Japan, China 
and the United States — a tall, 
order given dial Tokyo aajp’ 
Washington are military allia? 
in the midst of strengthening 
their partnership, much to ■ 
Beijing’s discomfort. . • 
Caught between U.S. hopes 
that Tokyo will pull more 
weight in the military alliance " 
and Chinese fears that the- re- 

vamped U.S. -Japan security, 
nact is designed to contain 

pact is designed to contain 
China or thwart its efforts to 
recover Taiwan. Mr. Hashi- 
moto exercised strategic am- 

l: raM • 

biguity. officials said. 

Japan’s role in the alliance. ’ 
he told the Chinese, will be 

constrained by its 
cifist constitution and Tokyo 
will be transparent about the 
redefined security pact. It is 
aimed not at specific coun- 
tries but at threatening situ- 
ations. he told his hosts. 

On Taiwan, which China 
regards as a rebel province, 
and threatens to attack if 
Taipei declares indepen- 
dence, Mr. Hashimoto unde^ 
scored Tokyo's commitme® 
in 1972 to a one-China 


. (Reuters, AP) 

Kenyan Police Block Protest 


- ■ *})• 

- AO-i' in 

KISUMU, Kenya — Kenyan police detained an op- 
position legislator, broke up an open-air market and fired 
tear-gas canisters in the western city of Kisumu on 
Sunday to prevent an anti -government rally from taking 

The police patrolled on trucks and jeeps, and tne 
authorities warned people against gathering at a rally in 
central Kisumu called by groups demanding legal and . 
constitutional reforms before this year’s elections. " 
The rally in Kisumu, an opposition stronghold on Lake 
Victoria. 300 kilometers northwest of the capital, Nairobi, 
was supposed to be the first in a series of demonstrations 
the proresters announced last week. (AP) 

. mrn 'i£ 


1 &' 

Iraq Complains to UN on Oil 


BAGHDAD — Iraq complained Sunday that it was 

beine treated unfairly under the UN-approved oil-for- 
food"deal and blamed the United States and Britain. 

tv :m 

food deal and blamed the United States and Britain. 

The complaint was contained in a letter sent by Foreign 
Minister Mohammed Said Sahhaf to the UN secretary- 
general. Kofi Annan. 

Iraq is upset that it is being limited to selling $1 billion 
worth of crude oil within a 90-day period, while food and 
medicines purchased with the money arrived after 
delavs. (AP) 

"• ll* 4 

, r '.*b£- 

Taiwan Leader Visits Panama 

PANAMA CITY — President Lee Teng-hui of Taiwan 
has arrived here on a visit to take part in an international 
conference on the Panama Canal and shore up support for 
Taiwan in Latin America. 

Panama, a close ally of Taiwan’s, is one of the few 
countries with diplomatic ties to Taipei instead of to 
mainland China. ( Reuters ) 

Rebels to March on Mexico City 

About 1 , 100 Zapatista guerrillas and their supporters plan 
to emerge Monday from the mountains of the southern 
Mate of Chiapas and set off on a long march to Mexico 
Cny. * 

The 1 , 200-kilometer trek will be the boldest step by the 
group since the last shots were fired in an uprising in early 
1993, and their first foray outside Chiapas. ( Reuters ) 

PAGE 3' 

']/l ,Lm K S.A 






^ +44 171 420 0348 

Financial News Reporter - 
Paris Based 

Bloom berg UP. is the 

L^. 3 ™* 1 " 9 global 

PJ^or of mum media real 

S ’? financial information. 

the combination of our 
speed to screen and 

Com P* e * trends 

and data that makes 

Bloomberg so highly valued 

Professionals and major 

Bloomberg is growing across Europe and we are currently 
looking for someone to join the Paris office as a Reporter. To 
the professionals who utilise our information throughout the 
world accurate and in-depth reporting is vital to their 
decisions. Therefore, we are looking for a talented, motivated 
and resourceful reporter who can help us expand our news 

We will expect you to have at least two years experience with 
a major news agency, newspaper or magazine. Additionally 
you will need to demonstrate a high level of understanding of 
international economic matters and the financial markets. 

**tease send your C.V. 
quoting appropriate 
reference to: Sarah Vale, 
Bloomberg I_p^ 

City gate House, 

39-45 Finsbury Square, 

London EC2A IRQ 

or fax to; +44-171 330 7228. 

We work in a real time environment, therefore, you will need 
excellent writing skills and the ability to deliver quality work to 
tight deadlines. As this job is based in France, you will 
naturally have a good working knowledge of French and be 
fluent in written and spoken English. 

Please quote reference IHT/NRPi. 

Hi ■ ■ 

*•- +.' _ . ’ 

1 Nil! Ton* 
^ Hd-usn^in U,J 


Distinguished UJv. 28-10. fully bilingual. French ■ English, to 
Uxe c airgc of Paris office of small 'company. She will be 
responsible /or expansion, profit ami will have also to hire, 
train, and supervise French personnel according to 
company procedures 

The candidate must be a seJf-sismcr. demanding, well 
organized, determined writh strong personality and 
possessing all the required competences. 

Must be at ease in negotiations with top level French 
corporations. Pleasant persorulitv. Anglo- Saxon or Swiss 
candidate preferred. $00/500 FF p!a. 

V/u/ CT It# Aw 394. IHT. 92521 Nettihr OrthLX. Frame. 

4 : 

i ir 

*. m* • 1 


http://www.wash ingtonpost,com 


in- lira! 




Manager of Major Exhibitions 

The candidate will lead the development and orga- 
nization of major public exhibitions in various fields. 


1. Proven experience in the organization and 
management of major exhibitions. 

2. Creative business approach. 

3. Fluency in Greek and willingness to reside 
in Greece. 

4. Age over 32. 

We offer an excellent benefits package and an 
opportunity for a very promising career. 

PUBUGTA5 Hellas sa. 

32, Kifissias Avenue - GR - 151 25 Maroussi 
GREECE / Code: VM.V. 

Australian International Education Foundation 

is recruiting 

2 Education Advisers for its Centers in Paris (full-time) and Milan (part-time) 

Who will be responsible for counselling students and promoting Australian Education in France 
and Italy Personal Knowledge of the Australian education system and experience in counselling 
and telephone contact essential. Experience in marketing, research, reporcwriring and 

in French / Italian and English.These are contract positions to be filled in early October 1 997. 

Candidates for both positions must apply in English to the following addresses 
Before 1 7th September 1997 

Pans: Australian Trade Commission, 4 rue jean Rey - 75724 Paris Cedex 15 - France. FtDc-^3: M 40593122 
Milan: Australian Consulate General, Via Borgogna 2-20122 Mlfano - Italy. Fax; +39 2 77704242 
"The Australian Government is an equal opportunity employer ” 

Employment Services 

Hie answer to your language lasting 
needs. Tel: +33l0|i 44 83 $5 20 Fto 
+33 (Q|1 44 83 W BE 

Secretarial Positions Available 




;; New M.D. Program Accepting 
For the Fall 1998 Class 

i & 

‘ M.D. Pro g ram in International Health 
Ben Gixrion University of the 

in collaboration with 
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s stsisftsr—ss 

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Tel- 0140 62 07 20 " iftmrmmi <fc U pmmtim Kmanemr 



.. I MMU*1 ic m 

Boarding & 


Price Waterhouse ^ 


Director of 

Continuous Operations 

Delivering the best use of technology across Europe 

Six figure salary + benefits Global services organisation 

The Remit 

Ensuring 24 hour delivery of IT operations may sound 

straightforward. The reality ui providing these sen-ices 
within a fast m<'Aing. rcrhn&lojE^caU)' advanced 
services organisation is somewhat different. Particularly 
when you have to take into account the complexities ot" 
operating across the diverse cultures of Europe, providing 
pan of a worldwide IT service. Add .\ demanding customer 
base of over 20000 iin Europe') and the management of 
around 200 start and the scope and challenge of such a role 
begins to become apparent. 

Somewhat daunting? 

Well there's more. When things go well staff forger you exist. 
When things go wrong you will be the first to know. As the 
ultimate diplomat, you will need to balance the needs and 
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(for which you also have responsibility) with initiatives 
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job is to work in a dear, unambiguous environment - if you 
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advertisement as this will not be the job for you. 

What Eire we looking for? 

You will already be at Senior Management/Director level, 
heading up a highly distributed IT operation in a 
technologically advanced service organisation, with 
experience of managing cnd-to-cnd user needs, from network 
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house or outsourced. Well used to handling the complexities 
of work across international boundaries, serving the needs of 
a larger user base, your managerial skills will be finely tuned 
but you will also have your finger on the pulse of 
technological advances. In terms of personality, yours is the 
rare combination of patience, tenacity and resilience. 

This may be a demanding specification, but for the right 
candidate, remuneration will not be a limiting factor, nor will 
location. This has yet to be defined and will be influenced by 
your own circumstances and requirements, but will certainly 
be a major European city. 

So, why bother reading on? 

Because this is one of the most successful organisations in its 
field - its well-known name is synonymous- with high quality. Your 
colleagues are likely to bo some of the best in their 
field, worldwide - thought leaden - winch makes for a highly 
stimulating and intellectually challenging work environment. 
And. simply, this is an exciting and remarkably challenging job that 
provides a European dimension. The organisation concerned 
demands the introduction of new technological initiatives in order 
to keep ahead of the competition. As Director of Continuous 
Operations, you will be at the heart of this. 

II' you fit the bill 

This is a real chance to make a major contribution within a 
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the rest of your life. Write to Michael J Phillips quoting 
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appointment call him on 0171 939 2700. 

Executive Search fa* Selection 
Price Waterhouse 
Southwark Tbwers 
22 London Bridge Street 
London SEl 9SY 
Fax: 01 7 1378 0647 


Ifri^tft.v jfj^ ■iri.' i l ir r^in — .Li.. I7.7L1 . ill *■■■■ ■»<■***' | i'i‘ 




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management Rib assistant wN be In 
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Head, tntonnattoo Programs 
The iraemaiioral Food Policy Raseartii 
Institute ((FPRif is seeking an experi- 
enced. kmmaflve und manager, as pan 
of the Du reach Dim ion. to owriop. 
plan, cowthnale and manage IFPRI’a 
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REQUIREMENTS : spaed, organisation, 
good sense of communicaUon, 
a ratouto n 

EXPERIENCE ' 3 yeare mrnmum in the 
same fonewon. conpnar jrteratp, 
knowtadge ol French. 

MiNtRVc firms m PARIS 
EngHsh noRier loigue sectaries. 
Knowledge oi French required. 

# 422 Rue Saint Horore 
75008 Parte, France 
Tel: (0) 1 42 81 76 76 

Write: Oriental Giner-Dufaxir, 47 Chal 

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the Head will develop communication 
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Executive Positions Available 

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Required Oualfflcatlons: Masters 
Degree or equivalent experience ki 
communicatnns. |oumalism, puOllc 
sffa're. social saence or /ttotea HeU; 
experience In setriafy pdAshing. medti 
WeradlDn. dls^emtnation of research 

based mtormeikm; rffecllve oral, wtnen 
and Meipereonal communkcaHon sUtn 
denonsaaed knoriedge d or Merest n 
developlnpHrourtiy saues: BbHny to, 
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IHT, Box 380, 181 Ava Charles 
de OsuBe, SS21 Wsully CedM 



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Ctmfcal Engneering magazme. pan oi 
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Mediterranean & 
Asian/Pacific Regions 

Litton Guidance & Control Systems, a division of Litton 
Industries. Inc., is an internationally recognized leader 
in military Inertial Navigation, IFF and Integrated System 
solutions. We are seeking world-class international 
Business Development Managers to fill key roles as 
regionally oriented Country Executives. 

You will be responsible for establishing and maintaining 
the business conduits and the necessary-environments ro 
.enable the successful sale of a broad range of sophisticated 
military avionics in one or moie countries within a region. 
Candidates must have a BS'BA or higher degree in 
Business, Political Science or Engineering and 10 years 
of experience in international business development 
relating to sophisticated avionics systems and/or major 
integrated avionics systems marketing A strong 
background in regional cultures, political affairs, military 
operations and national threat scenarios coupled with an 
in-depth ability to implement, maintain and utilize 
effective intelligence networks is required. The positions 
require excellent communication and interpersonal skills 
Successful candidates will be capable of growth to include 
the management of other regional Country Executives. 
Candidates must be willing and free to travel extensively. 

We are an equal opportunity employer with a 
commitment to recruiting and developing the potential 
of individuals from a variety of diverse backgrounds Very 
competitive compensation and impressive benefits await 
you. Interested candidates should mail or FAX resume 
to Litton Guidance to Control Systems, Aten: Human 
Resources, Dept. 1BD/RR, 5500 Canoga Avenue, 
Woodland Hills, CA 91367-6698, U.S.A. FAX (SIS) 
71 5-2488. E-mail: Visit our web 
site at: 


Guidance & Control Systems 


BILMGUAL EXPERTS needed, educated 
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pwrtuWM, satooedtoeelance postons 
as transiaitrt or edtiois Fax futi 
iBEume/sabiy tamremente to TECTRAD 
433 (0(144929310. Tel 433 (0)144329311 

Page 10 


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Applications from male and female nationals of OECD member 
countries (Australia, Austria^ Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, 
Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland* 
Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, LuxemDourg, Mexico, Netherlands, 
New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, 
Turkey, United Kingdom, United States) with curriculum vitae to: 
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Only short-listed candidates will receive a response 




Carnot in Fund-Raising Hearings Fail to Document Chinese Influence 

f & C7 raised and laundered hi 

. — But the hearings have not produced a shred of ‘ ‘just simply laying Jefacts on the table — the 

By David E. Rosenbaum pnblic evidence to substantiate Mr. Thompson’s good, the bad, the indifferent ana if there is a 

N?*- York Twin Sm-iee _ _ charge of Chinese infl uence. jury here, it is the jury of the American people 

“ — . g. t Aav n f the Mr. Thompson has never hacked down from who ultimately decide the significance of this and 
WASHINGTON — On the : ^ ^^ces his opaibg sSem^L He has been unable to what the true facts are so that there can be some 
snare hearings on campaign finance pra? ac * s ' nh irtw inflnenre Ha 9(winBfaWlirv." 

rf „ * vtr Trie, raised and laundered hun- 7 

time financial backers of President Bill Clinton. H^ng and ^ ^ donations 

have left the United States and are outside the Msomonsanos 

reach of the committee's subpoenas. . of the money was overseas com- 

But these people either have no relationship The *. who had been convinced by Mr. 

mith tko n>i n <u!aiTnv«nmu>nt or their connection merctai ttU**ca _____ . Vmv mflnenra 


WASHINGTON - On the ,Ita .day STen"™ble» are so to ther, can te some wit h the ChraWgovem^n t or the, cwra«» g” d ^Trieto. they could buy influx .. 

Senate hearings on campaign fmanee pracnces^ of Chinese influence, he accountabUity.” is so sUght that there is little reason to believe that Huangano^- 

Se ^ r ™ ^SSi aca news conference last month, be- Mr. Thompson hasa pointihar^ hearings the donarions they were involved with came from submitted that Mr. CUmonor * ~ mh _ he |i suggested at a news conference last monm, oe- mt. inompson u** » lucwuauuusuw; 

vestigatuig committee, droppwa wmosiK- ^ ^ important witnesses have refused have been hampered by the refusal of the most Beijing. 

‘‘High-level Chinese nce over t 0 appear at the hearings and because the ev- important witnesses to cooperate. As for the classified material. 

senators from 

No evidence was suDmiocu « 

Mr Gore knew of these donations. But Mr 

ivu. uuis. , i rtmicml amniim nf 

statement. ... .. ._ Bn 

“Our investigations, he said, SU 

affected the 19% presidential race. 

. people snouia not expect every accusation to against compcucu 3 vu-uA. 1 muimuuu. i*u. nuaug u«tc a piau uu uo-umc w.w. resistant inside me mu* nuuaj. 

-suggest that it be bolstered by a signed confession or a smoking was the Democratic National Committee official and may have actually tried to carry out the plan of &e money may have been foj- 

gun. Mr. Thompson said. 

x™ ~ ~Mr Thompson 's committee “This is a congressional inquiry.” he said in 

12^ SLinJtf ilktd . foreign ta T*m^sf»}On o f ta corammee the 

in charge of fund-raising among Asian-Amer- in some congressional races. 

. . : IT-:- j n... : • j 

wraj^ed up “? oreDared to move on Senate Governmental Affairs Committee. “It is money to theDemocrats in connection w 

political conuib we eks of bearings in- not a trial. We do not have a standard of guilt President A1 Gore's visit to the temple, 

to other tonics, me n*e . , . . , Voh r ;« THo 

icans in the campaign. Ms. Hsia first suggested 
that worshippers at a Buddhist temple donate 
money to the Democrats in connection with Vice 

in nthAr ronics The nve wewa “ — — ~~ — . . : 7 — — 

dudS comoS Maniples of shady fund-raging either in terns of criminal eposes beyond a 
Vnd manv instances of money from reasonable doubt or a civil trial, where the pre- 
JSSfbriS sKd into U.S. campaigns last ponderance of evidence is the standard. ’’ 
aoroaa g The purpose ot his investigation, he added, is 

Others, like Yah Lin Trie, who raised and 
laundered hundreds of thousands of dollars for 
the party in illegal contributions from abroad, and 
members of die Riady family of Indonesia, long- 

But there is no evidence, said Senator Carl 
Levin of Michigan, expressing the unanimous 
view of Democratic members of the investigating 
committee, “that it was aimed at the presidential 
race or that it affected the presidential race.” 

What die evidence produced by the committee 
did prove was that in their frenzy to raise money 
last year. Democratic agents, especially Mr. 

The source ot tne money v 

61 Still the Republicans were unable to find any 
su^Stion Sm the govemm^ 

SMa campaign conffibution. 

All the money the Democrats havebreaable tfj 
identify as having come iUegally from abroad 
SI 6 million, according to die Senate comnuf- f 
tee’s accounting — - has been returned. - * 

Reno Moves Toward Funds Prosecutor 

By David Johnston 

Ne» Y*irk Times Senice 

WASHINGTON — In recent days. 
Attorney General Janet Reno and her 
inner circle have sharply changed their 
attitude and are seriously weighing 
whether to refer the inquiry into Demo- 
cratic campaign fund-raising abuses to 
an independent prosecutor, law enforce-, 
ment officials say. 

The change follows news reports that 
some of the money raised by Vice Pres- 
ident A1 Gore in telephone calls from the 

rr C. 1 1 

White House were improperly fimneled 
directly into President Bill Clinton's re- 
election campaign last year instead of to 
legal party -building activities. 

No one is predicting with certainty 
that Ms. Reno will appoint an inde- 
pendent prosecutor, but Justice Depart- 
ment officials no longer regard such an 
appointment as unlikely. 

“She never regarded this as a slam- 
dunk nonindependenL-counsel case,” 

one government official said. 

For months, however, top advisers to 
Ms. Reno have been dismissing the swirl 
of allegations as insufficient to warrant an 
outside investigation. She herself has said 
the facts did not justify taking the case 
away from the Justice Department team 
conducting the criminal inquiry, prompt- 
ing attacks by Republican lawmakers. 

The certainty that the case could be 
bandied in-house eroded last week, es- 
pecially after Ms. Reno learned from a 
Washington Post report Wednesday that 
some donations might have been im- 

properly directed to the campaign. 

Senate hearings into campaign-fi- 
nance abuses continue to focus on the 
vice president, and congressional inves- 
tigators have begun to examine Mr. 
Gore's recommendation that a Bal- 
timore company, also a Democratic con- 
tributor, receive overseas contracts. 

In a televised interview in New 
Hampshire, the vice president said: 
“Oh, I'm confident that when the re- 

Away From Politics 

• Yale University and Orthodox Jew- 
ish students are In a war of words over 
Yale's requirement that all freshmen and 
sophomores live on campus. The stu- 
dents say their religion’s rules forbid 
them to live where condoms, alcohol and 
shared bathrooms are common. Yale has 
refused to make an exception. fNYT) 

has vastly improved the park over the 
past 17 years. The conservancy already 
pays nearly two-thirds of the park's 
$ 15.9 million operating budget. (NYT) 

• New York City will turn over Cen- 
tral Park maintenance to a private 
group, the Central Park Conservancy. 
By agreeing to a contract, the city is 
acceding to a group that it acknowledges 

• A single-engine plane carrying sky- 
divers crashed during takeoff in Lin- 
coln, Rhode Island, killing five people 
and critically injuring another. (AP) 

• A riot in an Ohio prison’s death row 
unit was brought under control in five 
hours after a tactical team stormed the 
Mansfield facility with tear gas. (AP) 

views are all complete, it will be fully 
shown that what I did was legal and 
appropriate and, of course, we're co- 
operating fully with the review.” 

The belief among Ms. Reno's advisers 
that an independent prosecutor may be 
inevitable, officials said, results less from 
the specifics of Mr. Gore's activities than 
from a growing sense that the department 
wiU never escape accusations of conflict 
of interest in the face of continuing al- 
legations involving high-level officials 
such as the vice president 

If the attorney general goes ahead 
with an independent prosecutor, she will 
ask a three-member panel of appellate 
court judges to select the person to run 
the inquiry. Stiff, Ms. Reno most define 
the scope of the inquiry, which could be 
drawn narrowly to encompass only Mb’. 
Gore's activities or broadly to explore 
possible abuses by both the Democratic 
and the Republican parties. 

More broadly, the attorney general is 
being forced to strike a balance between 
politics and the law as the political at- 
mosphere changes. In this case, Ms. 
Reno must decide whether to expose the 
White House to the protracted embar- 
rassment, costs and possible legal risks 
of another independent prosecutor. 

After months of refusals, Ms. Reno 
took the first step toward such an ap- 
pointment last week, ordering a 30-day 
review of Mr. Gore’s activities as required 
under the indeperxlent-prosecutor statute. 
Because the initial review focuses only on 
whether the allegation is specific and 
credible, she indicated Friday that it was 
almost certain she would take a second 
step, directing a 90-day preliminary in- 
quiry to determine whether Mr. Gore had 
intentionally sought improper donations. 


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School Choice: Republicans 
Call It a 'Can’t Lose’ Issue 

WASHINGTON — Republican leaders have 
found an issue they believe can unite their fractured 
base while broadening the party’s appeal among 
blacks, Hispanics and Catholics: school choice. ^ 
Touted by Republican activists as a "can t lose ^ 
issue, school choice — generally defined as tax 
breaks for parents who send their children ro privaie 
schools -—was given a boost by a recent poll showing 
that support among minorities has increased sig- 
nificantly In the last year and a half. 

The poll taken bv the Joint Center for Political and 
Economic Studies, a black think tank in Washington, 
suggests that 57 percent of blacks, 65 percent of 
Hispanics and 48 percent of whites support publicly 
fundedtuition vouchers to pay for private education. 
The number for blacks represents an increase of 
nearly 1 1 percentage points since January 1996. 

The numbers, some Republican strategists assert, 
make it the perfect issue: Minority parents and Cath- 
olics will be drawn to the Republican Party while the 
Democratic Party — beholden to the teachers unions 
and civil rights organizations that oppose school 
choice — fights to protect the status quo. 

“School choice is an outstanding issue with Re- 
publicans because it resonates with their traditional ] 

white base in the suburbs," said Ralph Reed, who 
deoaned as head of the Christian Coalition (his year 

departed as head of the Christian C 
to form a consulting firm. 

iition this year 

Quote /Unquote 

Bnau SeiJ.-r.ltaam 


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Senator Mitch McConnell, Republican of. Ken - 1 
tucky, on renewed calls by Republicans and Demo- j ] 

*:* .. _ :« 

T r*j . .V 




;> V --vj 

V>i. . 

. V)> 



Singapore Leader 
Reassures on Lee 

SINGAPORE — The hospital- 
ization of Singapore's elder states- 
man. Lee Kuan Yew. for a res- 
piratory infecrion is not acause for 
worn/ Prime Minister Goh Chok 

Tong said Sunday. 

State television said Mr. Goh had 
told reporters that Mr. Lee's ailment 
was sinus-related. Hospital staff said 
Sunday that Mr. Lee had not yet 
been discharged, but no funherword 
was available on his condition. 

The prime minister's office said 
Saturday that Mr. Lee was in stable 
condition after being hospitalized 

She will be buried at the convent m 

......... centra! Calcutta that was 1— - 

State funerals are normally "an honor the headquarters u 
CALCUTTA — The ‘ City of Joy” only for presidents and prime minis- Charity order, according to si 
'is weeping over Mother Teresa. 

On Saturday, the day after the Roman 
Catholic missionary's death of heart 
failure at S7. Hindus. Muslims and 
Christians, women in saris and men in 
wraparounds, filed into the headquar- 
ters of the Missionaries of Charity to 
view her body. Some emerged wiping 
away tears 'at the loss of Calcutta's most just 
famous citizen. 

“I used to love her." said Karuna a 
Mandal, a Hindu who came from 20 
miles away to pay her respects. "I used 
to look at her picture and get strength, so 
her death has depressed me.” 

On Sunday, chureh bells pealed and 
wails rose from mourners as her body 
was carried in a wooden coffin from 
mission headquarters to St. Thomas 
Church here, where it was placed on 

Among the thousands of mourners 
was Prime Minister I. K. Gujrai. who 
placed a large wreath of white flowers on 
the platform, then, standing in front of 
the body, told reporters his country was 
“fortunate that Mother Teresa started 
her mission of compassion in India.” 

India's government declared a day of 
. national mourn in a and. breaking cus- ed.] 

.... her home and 
U11UJ of her Missionaries of 
order, according to Sister Bru- 
ner at rhe mission. . . 

Many of her order s nuns had wanted 

her interred at the headquarters of the 
Missionaries of Charity, wjuch would in 
effect convert the simple four-story 
building into a shrine. “That would be 
in the spirit.” said the Reverend C. 
Bouche. a Jesuit priest who has helped 
train novice nuns for three decades. 

Abroad, Calcutta has long been seen 
narrowly as the home to destitute fam- 
ilies who live grimly on narrow side- 

reshaped a bit in a 
le Lapierre and the 
. both called “The 

B.y Kenneth J. Cooper 


Sources close to the order said the 
funeral, originally scheduled for 
Wednesday, was delayed to give nuns 
who work around the w’orld more time 
to reach Calcutta and also to give both 
the order's members and Mother 
Teresa’s lay devotees more time to ad- 
to her loss. 

The sisters had trouble letting go.” 

source said. 

The frail, slight nun was bom in 
Europe but became an Indian citizen walks, 
during her six decades on the subcon- That image \ 
tinenf. She had suffered heart problems book bv Domu 
and other ailments for years and gave up movie based o 
leadership of her order in March. City of Joy. a 

At St. Thomas Church. Mother his experiences 
Teresa's body is being kept in a glass discovered a re; 
casket until her burial. Funeral music poorest, 
played as Hindus, Moslems and Chris- Mother Tere: 
tians, filed quietly past the body. ar \ e . s of Cham; 

About 35,000 mourners paid homage halt-century ag 
at the church Sunday. A j banian paren 

[Ambrose Anthony from the office of with her comj 
Calcutta’s archbishop said the funeral their culture, 
ceremony would be held at a 15.000- Bengali, the re; 
seat soccer stadium rather than in a came a natural] 
church. Agence France-Presse report- The weeken 

Thai Leader Faces 
No-Confidence Bit 

BANGKOK — The embattled 
prime minister of Thailand. Ch- 
aowalir Yongchaiyudh, fought for 
his political survival Sunday amid a 
bitter debate over a new consutunon 
aimed at wiping out corruption.. 

After months of hedging, Mr. 
Chaowalit has bowed to public and 
military pressure, committing the 
government to qualified support ot 
the new constitution. He said Sun- 
day that he had patched over con- 
flicts over reform in his coalition. 

But a legislator for the oppo- 
sition Democrat Party, Abhisit Vej- 
iajiva, said a no-confidence morion 
would be filed Monday- (AFP) 

No Succession Seen 
At Pyongyang Fete 

TOKYO — Famine-stricken 
North Korea celebrates the 49th 
anniversary of its founding Tues- 
day. with little sign that the de facto 
leader. Kim Jong II. will use the 
occasion to take formal control. 

‘•There are no signs that prep- 
arations for an imminent formal 
power transfer have been under 
way to coincide with the national 
foundation day.'' said Hajime 
Izumi. a Korea analyst at Shizuoka 
Prefectural University near Tokyo. 

Pyongyang ended a three-year 
mourning period for Kim D Sung in 
July, raising speculation that Kim 
Jong D would soon take over his 
Father's posts. [Reuters} 

30 in India Reported Killed 
In Maoist Raid on Rivals 

Dsmgli* E Curran/Apcnc* Foacc-Pfc^r 

watching Sunday from the Calcutta headquarters 
Charity as Mother Teresa was moved to a church. 

Model to All 

Residents of various religions, 
whether interviewed outside her 
headquarters or elsewhere on city 
streets rinsed by monsoon rains, said 
they admired Mother Teresa. 

”She was a poor man's God,’ said 
Mohammed Wasim. a Muslim tailor. 
** She gave them clothes, food and medi- 
cines.” , _ . 

Another Muslim. Mohammed Qasim 
Ali. said: “When someone is so good, 
their religion does not matter. She was a 
foreigner, not even an Indian^ But 
people thought she was one of us. 

Christina Robbi, a Catholic, took a 
four-hour train ride into the city so she 
could view Mother Teresa's body. She 
complained that mourners were not be- 
ins allowed to touch it- 

Even Hindu nationalists who oppose 
conversion and Communists who rule 
West Bengal honored Mother Teresa. 

Pope Honors Nun t 



Pope John Paul II recalled Mother vice 
Teresa on Sunday as a tiny figure 
driven by a love of Jesus to help the 
poorest of the world’s poor. 

In his first Sunday “Angelus ad- 
dress since her death, the pope said 
the revered nun was a tremendous 
example to the people of the world, 
regardless of their religious faith. 

4 ‘Mv dear ones, in this moment or 
prayer", we remember our dear sister. 
Mother Teresa of Calcutta, who two 
days ago concluded her long walk on 

earth, he said. * . , 

-*j met her many times, and she 

lives in my memory as a tiny ngure. 
whose entire existence was the ser- 
of the poorest of the poor, but 
who was always full of an inex- 
haustable spiritual energy, the energy 
of the love of Christ.’ 

In an address devoted almost en- 
tirely to the Nobel peace laureate, 
vhn Pont said Mother Teresa s work 

PAGE 10 



Sir Georg Solti Is Dead, 
Opera and Concert Star 

Conductor Also Led Grammy Winners 

By Allan Kozinn 

Afnr York Times Service 

N£W YORK — Sir Georg SoltUhe 
vigorous and exacting Hungarian-born 
conductor who shaped the Lhtcago 
Symphony Orchestra into a 
virtuoso instrument during lus — yeais 
as its music director and who won more 
Grammy Awards than any other per- 
former. classical or pop- 
while visiting Anobcs, in the south or 
France. He was 84. 

In addition to his Chicago post, which 
he relinquished in 1991. Sir Georg was 
music director of the Royal Opera, Gov- 
ern Garden, for a decade starting m 
1061 chief conductor of the Orchestra 
de Paris from 1972 to 1975 and musical 
adviser of the Paris Opera in the 1970s, 
principal conductor of the London Phil- 
harmonic from 1979 to l98o and di* 
rector of the Salzburg Easter Festival in 
1992-93. He adopted British nationality 
and was made a Knight Commander of 
the British Empire in 1912 for his con- 
tributions to British music. 

On the podium. Sir Georg was full of 
energy and color. Of medium height, 
trim and bald, he tended to sweep into a 
big Romanric symphony with angular, 
slashing gestures that could be taken 
either as pure showmanship or as a way 
of drawing on an orchestra's full reserve 
of energy. On a few occasions he got so 
carried Vway during a performance that 
he injured himself with his baton. 

As a guest conductor he worked with 
virtually all the world's major orches- 
tras and opera companies. Starting in the 
1970s. he occasionally took on a teach- 
ing project, including master classes at 
the Juiiliard School, and conducting 
workshops. He also began a concert 
series in London in 1995, in which he 
personally underwrote the costs of Wig- 
more Hall debut recitals for young mu- 

Sir Georg was the very model of a 
modem conductor. He knew that re- 
cordings were essential, and in the stu- 
dio he was efficient enough to turn out 
hundreds of them and artful enough to 
keep a grip on listeners' attention, even 
in the most frequently recorded rep- 
ertory. His landmark recording of Wag- 
ner’s "Ring des Nibelungen” was not 

only the first complete studio recording 
of the cycle, but was also an audio 
spectacular that set the standard for the 
use of effects and spatial placement in 
stereo opera recordings. 

More than many of his colleagues. Sir 

Georg insisted that the precision and 
bright coloration that could be achieved 

bright coloration that could be achieved 
in the recording studio could be du- 
plicated in the concert hall. Particularly 
during his Chicago years, he prized a 
sizzling brass sound and a rich string 
tone that could be thrilling in Bruckner 
and Mahler, and that also saved him 
well in Beethoven and Mozart. 

Georg Solti was bom in Budapest on 
Ocl 21, 1912. He began studying the 
piano when he was 6 years old, and at 13 
enrolled at the Liszt Academy, where his 
teachers included Bela Bartok. Zoltan 
Kodaly and Ernst von Dohnanyi. 

"One of the luckiest things that 
happened to me was to be bom in a town 
that had the most beautiful and the best 
music academy in the world," he told an 
interviewer in 1987. "We, the students, 
had to play in front of the entire class, 
who sat and listened to the teacher’s 
corrections. It was both cruel and won- 
derful at the same time." 

He began learning the opera repertory 
early in order to accompany his older 
sister, a soprano, in recitals. Soon after 
his graduation from the academy, in 
1930, he became a rehearsal pianist at 
the Budapest Opera. 

In 1937 he received a grant for further 
study at the Salzburg Festival, where he 
worked as an assistant to Arturo To- 

New Republic ; jjf 
Fires Its Editor^ ‘ • 
Over Criticism <* 


Of Democrats 

By Howard Kurtz 

Washington Post Sen ice 

Sir Georg getting birthday greetings from Placido Domingo and Kiri Te Kanawa after a 1992 performance. 

sc arum. 

On March 1 1 , 1938, he got his break: 
conducting Mozart's “Marriage of 
Figaro" at the Budapest Opera without 
, a rehearsal, but historical events over- 
shadowed musical ones. 

“That was quite a night," he later 
recalled "All my friends left at in- 
termission. The news came through that 
Hitler had marched into Vienna, and 
everyone ran home thinking he was 
going to continue the march to Bud- 
apest. This was a damp ending to my 
debut. There was not even a celebration 
after the performance." 

Sir Georg, who was Jewish and had 
already fought anti-Semitism at the op- 
era house, realized that he had no future 

in Hungary. He took refuge in Switzer- 
land after a failed attempt to obtain a 
visa for the United States. He won first 
raize at the Geneva International Piano 
Competition in 1942 and made his way 
through the war years as a pianist. 

In 1945, he learned that Edward Ki- 
lenyi, a friend who had emigrated to the 
United States and joined the U.S. Army, 
was helping to reconstruct musical life 
in Munich. He wrote to Mr. Kilenyi, 
who helped secure him a performance 
of Beethoven’s “Fidetio" at the Bav- 
arian State Opera in Munich. In 1946 Sir 
Georg was appointed music director of 
that company. 

He left Munich in 1952 to become 
general music director of the city of 
Frankfurt, which involved overseeing 
both orchestral and operatic perfor- 

He began a long relationship with 
Decca Records the same year he began 
conducting in Munich. At Decca, too, he 
began as a keyboardist, accompanying 
Georg Kulenkampff in violin sonatas by 
Beethoven, Brahms and Mozart 

He made his U.S. debut conducting 
Strauss’s “Elektra" at the San Fran- 
cisco Opera in 1953. His Chicago Sym- 
phony debut followed the next year, and 
in 1956 he made his first appearance at 
the Lyric Opera of Chicago, conducting 
Wagner’s “Waikuere." In 1960 he 

made his Metropolitan Opera debut 
with Wagner's "Tannhaeuser,” and 
conducted there for four seasons before 
withdrawing after a dispute with Rudolf 
Bing over casting. 

In I960, Sir Georg found himself 
juggling two offers. One was the dir- 

Covent Garden productions of Strauss’s 
“Frau ohne Schatten," ihe Wagner 
“ Ring ** and Britten's "Billy Budd” 

and ''Midsummer Night’s Dream.’ ' 

Sir Georg was also hitting ids snide in 
the recording studio. He won his first 
Grammy Award in 1962 for an "Aida" 
with Leontyne Price, and 29 more 
Grammys followed, the most recent one 
coming’in 1992. 

At the end of the 1960s, Sir Georg 
began to consider limiting his activities 
to a handful of close relationships. He 
took the directorship of the Chicago 
Symphony in 1969 and of the Orchestra 
de Paris in 1972. But he devoted himself 
mainly to Chicago. The Chicago Sym- 
phony had long been one of the finest 
orchestras in the United States and was 
particularly admired during the 10-year 
directorship of Fritz Reiner, who died in 
1963. But the orchestra had lost some of 
its sheen after that and Sir Georg’s man- 
date was to restore it By the mia-1970s, 
the orchestra's seasons were invariably 
sold out before opening night. 

Although he performed and recorded 
many contemporary works, his interest 
was largely in the classics. “For me as a 
conductor, modem music stops around 
1950, with late Stravinsky. Schoenberg 
and Bartok," he said in 1973. “I don’t 
go much farther. I leave it to the next 
generation to explore after 1950.” 

ectorship of London's Royal Opera. 
The other was the directorship of the 
Los Angeles Philharmonic. Bur nego- 
tiations with Los Angeles unraveled 
when the orchestra appointed Zubin 
Mehta co-director, apparently without 
consulting Sir Georg. 

He took the Royal Opera instead, 
declaring chat he would make it the 
finest opera house in the world.’ Al- 
though there was debate about whether 
he succeeded, even Sir Georg's critics 
conceded that he raised the standard of 
the company’s orchestral playing con- 
siderably. He was, however, regarded as 
excessively autocratic by the British 

"It took a while for the English to 
understand that l wasn’t commanding 
people," Sir Georg explained, “but 
rather encouraging them to seek im- 
provement. Initially they found this 
very strange.” 

During his decade at Covent Garden. 
Sir Georg gave the British premiere of 
Schoenberg’s "Moses und Aron" ta 
work he later recorded) and the first 

WASHINGTON — Michael Kelly, 
has been dismissed as editor of the New^ 
Republic after the magazme s owner^ 
Martin Peretz, said he decided he could, 
no longer tolerate Mr. KeUy’s 1 relentless 
attacks on President Bill Clinton and. 
Vice President AI Gore. , ■ . 

"The chasm between Mike s opm-^ 
ions and mine, and Mike’s opinionsand, 
those of other editors, was both wide 
and increasingly deep, said Mr.- 
Peretz, a close fneod of the vice pres- 
ident for three decades. "There was do 
other voice on the Clinton administra- 
tion but his.” , , , - , 

Mr Kelly, 40, said he had been fired 
by phone days after he refused to put* 
lish an unsigned item by Mr. Peretz* 
saying that the latest allegations of im- 
proper fund-raising by Mr. Gore were 
- ‘overblown and old news. 

"I didn’t think that should be our 
editorial position," Mr. Kelly said. "1 
wrote him a memo saying, ‘Heres why - 
I think you’re wrong and I’m right. 

He said that there had also been man-_ 
agement issues on which Mr. Peretz 
"felt I had gone against his will, wheth- , 
er we run this or that.” 

"We have had our disagreements. I 
regarded them as operational and not a! 
big deal, and I guess he didn’t.” 

A former New York Times reported 
and Washington correspondent for The 
New Yorker, Mr. Kelly had been run-, 
firing the magazine for just nine 
months. . ^ , T 

Mr. Peretz named Charles Lane, a 
longtime New Republic writer and 
former Newsweek correspondent, as the. 
new editor. 

Mr. Lane, 35, has worked on and off 
for the magazine for 14- years, wiib a six^ 
vear detour to Newsweek, where he 
covered Central America, served as 
Berlin bureau chief and wrote from New. 
York. . . . ■ 

A specialist in defense and foreign' 
policy, he missed most of Mr. Kelly’s' 

• tenure while he had a journalism fel- r - 
lowship at Yale Law School, which) 
ended in June. r 

lW Sfl 

Ml*’" 1 '' 

9 |,L _ ' ’ 

•• s 


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Setback for Mir as Risky Spacewalk Fails to Find Puncture 


By Michael R. Gordon 

ft ph- YitI; rimes Se rvice 

KOROLYOV, Russia — A six-hour 
spacewalk by a Russian and an Amer- 
ican failed 10 find a puncture in the 
damaged Mir, dealing a major setback 
to efforts to repair the crippled space 

The complicated and risky spacewalk 
had been billed as a reconnaissance mis- 
sion to find a hole or holes punched into 
the hull of Mir during a collision with a 
robot cargo vessel on June 25. 

But after a painstaking and fruitless 
search in which the Mir commander, 
Anatoli Solovyov, was hoisted to the 
damaged section of the space station on 
v a special crane, the spacewalk team was 
I ') ordered to return to the relative safety of 
'• the spacecraft. 

Ulster Stalked 
By a Renewal 
Of Violence 

By James F. Clarity 

•V«nr Tmie.t Sen ice 

-Finish your job and come home.” 
the Mission Control Center in Korolvov 
instructed the men. 

Russian space officials did not con- 
ceal their disappointment that the rwo 
men had been unable to find any punc- 

“We will find some ways to find it.” 
Vladimir Solovyov, head of Mission 
Control, said with more resignation than 
confidence. '“If it is in the“ solar array 
area, it's going to be the most com- 
plicated case." 

Other officials said that dismantling a 
damaged solar array to try io find the 
hole would be an extremely difficult 
operation. Mission Control officials are 
considering a plan to pressurize the 
damaged Spektr module partly and then 
try to locate the source of the leak. 

Another spacewalk will be carried 

out early next month. Russian space 

Mission Control said the three crew 
members were now relaxing, Reuters 
reported. “Sunday and Monday have 
been designated as rest days for the 
crew,” a Mission Control spokeswom- 
an said. No other details were available 
on the crew's activities. 

The collision in June damaged the 
Spektr module, which was used for sci- 
entific research, forcing the crew to seal 
off this section of Mir and curtailing its 

power suLj-.j 
Since then, the Mir crewmen, two of 
whom were replaced, have fought an 
uphill battle, to repair the space station, 
enduring one breakdown after another 
along the way. 

The men had already reconnected 
electrical cables. And despite the day's 

frustrations, the mission on Saturday 
achieved one important goal when the 
Russian cosmonaut in the spacewalk 
team managed to turn two of the four 
solar arrays more directly toward the 

That repair was necessary because 
the crew ot Mir has been unable io direct 
the arrays from inside the station, ham- 
pering the effort to charge their bat- 

Space officials said that Mir had now 
restored most of the power it had before 
its collision. That not only provides 
more power for scientific experiments 
but also it means that the crew will have 
more power in reserve in the event of a 
malfunction or emergency. 

"Unless you can recover power it is 
going to be very difficult to ger pro- 
ductive scientific work done.” said 

— ’3 

BELFAST — Three years ago the Ir- 
ish Republican Army put into effect the 
cease-fire that eventually led to the Brit- 
ish government's historic decision to 
invite Sinn Fein, the Irish Republican 
Army's political wing, to take part in 
formal peace talks. 

The invitation to the talks, which are 
to resume Sept. 15, was immediately 
accepted, raising hopes across the Brit- 
ish province of Northern Ireland for a 


jeaceful settlement of the violence be- 
tween the Protestant majority and the 
ioman Catholic minority that has killed 
•.225 people since 1969. 

There was no overt elation in the 
.treets as the news spread. But many 
nore people than usual seemed to be 
.laying late in central Belfast — shop- 
ping, dining, strolling after pub-closing 
:ime apparently without fear that Prot- 
estant or Catholic marauders would be 
out looking for someone to kill. 

The possibility of renewed violence, 
though, still hovers over Northern Ire- 
land. where historical pessimism often 

People remember that the IRA broke 
its 17-month cease-fire in January 1996 
and did not restore it until July 20 this 
rear. Many are aware that with the 
Jritish invitation, the ERA representa- 
tives will be at the negotiating table for 
the first rime. 

But many also know that the last Irish 
Republican leader to make a deal with 
the British was Michael Collins. He 
masterminded the violent anti-British 
campaign that resulted in the 1921 
treaty that gave southern Ireland in- 
dependence. while leaving the six 
counties of the North under British sov- 

For his troubles, as people here say. 

Dcn> tMk/The A.wunl hw 

PICADOR IN A FOUR-DOOR SEDAN — A motorist cajoling a bull to move toward a bull run in Medina 
del Campo, Spain, after efforts to drive the animals using the more traditional mounts failed Sunday. 


Mr Collins was shot and killed by a 
sniper in the Irish civil war, fought after 
independence, because the Sinn Fein 

leadership felt the treaty establishing 
partition was a sellout 

Today's Sinn Fein president. Gerry- 
Adams, is aware, of course, that if he 
makes a deal with the British this time, 
he may be a target for hard-line Re- 
publicans. They feel he has sold out the 
Republican cause, the ultimate goal of 
which is to force Britain to relinquish 
power here. 

Mr. Adams promises to press at the 
talks for a united Ireland free of British 
control, run bv the Dublin government. 
But he knows that he will not achieve 
this in the coming negotiations. 

In a recent Belfast radio program a 
caller told Mr. Adams that he would be 
“over the moon” with joy if Mr. Adams 
were killed. With gnm humor. Mr. 
Adams responded that the caller would 
have to get in line with other like- 
minded people. 

The task of reconciling the Protestant 
and Republican positions on disarm- 
ament will be the first to confront the 
chairman of the talks, former Senator 
George Mitchell of Maine, w-hen the 

negotiations, which have been blocked 
by the issue for 14 months, resume. 

Protestant unionist leaders say that 
some ERA disarmament must take place 
as the talks progress. The IRA. supported 
by Sinn Fein, holds that disarmament 
can only take place as part of an overall 
settlement, at the end of the talks. 

The leaders of the two largest mod- 
erate Protestant and Catholic political 
lanies disagree sharply on issues of 
>th disarmament and violence. 

David Trimble, leader of the over- 
whelmingly Protestant Ulster Unionist 
Party, said’ after the invitation to Sinn 
Fein. "The Republican movement has 
not changed its character, it will revert 
to violence.” He added that officials 
who hailed the invitation "will end up 
looking very foolish.” 

John Hume, leader of the predom- 
inantly Catholic Social Democratic 
Labor Party, said: "There is no shadow 
of a eun hanging over anyone. Sinn Fein 
can come to the table if, before they 
come, they do exactly what the rest have 
done and that is totally and absolutely 

commit themselves to the Mitchell prin- 
ciples, which are principles of complete 
nonviolence — peaceful and democrat- 
ic methods.” 

Disarmament, many officials and ex- 
perts agree, is a contrived, emotional 
issue used by both sides to gain political 
advantage, to impress their supporters 
and to delay meeting other issues head- 

Mr. Hume and other officials have 
noted that the IRA arsenal is huge, es- 
timated at 100 tons of weapons, including 
several tons of the explosive Semtex. 

To turn in a token amount of 
weaponry would not seriously weaken 
the IRA. so why doesn’t it call the 
Protestant bluff by surrendering some? 
The Sinn Fein answer is that the British 
would then demand more. 

And there is the perennial ERA po- 
sition that it will not surrender "a single 
bullet" as a matter of honor. Any Re- 
publican leader who proposed a 
weapons surrender would be vulnerable 
to hard-liner charges that he is a trait- 

Jerry Linenger, the American astronaur 
who completed a mission on Mir earlier 
this year. 

"Power gives you reserve” he said. 
"It gives you a cushion. The more re- 
serve power you have, the more options 
you have should something fail. If one 
of your oxygen-generating systems 
drops off line ana you have enough 
power you can fire another one back 

Mr. Linenger said the crew still 
needed to restore the ability to direct the 
arrays electronically so that the systems 
can regularly be maneuvered into a 
good position to capture solar energy. 

One problem may be that the motors 
ihar are supposed to drive the arrays do 
not work well in the vacuum now pre- 
vailing in the damaged Spektr module. 

Because the crew cannot automat- 
ically steer the arrays, the manipulation 
of the arrays was a Utile like climbing to 
the roof of a house and fiddling with a 
television antenna to improve recep- 

That is not the only piece of un- 
finished business. Because the search 
for the hole was more time-consuming 
than expecred. several other tasks had to 
be deferred. 

The crew did not install a special 
valve for the carbon dioxide system they 
hope to connect in the future. They also 
did not have time to install a series of 
hand rails along Mir to make Saturday's 
tasks and future missions easier. 

The space walk began about 5 A.M. 
Moscow time. 

The American astronaut, Michael 
Foale, who was wearing a Russian- 
made Orlan spacesuit, was the first to 
move through a hatch in Mir’s Kvant-2 
module and venture into space. He was 
followed by the Mir commander. Mr. 

To move around Mir, Mr. Foale con- 
trolled a special crane to hoist Mr. So- 
lovyov toward what was thought to be 
the damaged section of the Spektr mod- 

American astronauts generally con- 
duct spacewalks within the open bay of 
the Space Shuttle. 

Operating in open space outside Mir 
is a totally different and often unsettling 
experience. Mr. Linenger said. 

He recalled that during his spacewalk 
he. constantly had the sensation that he 
was falling off a cliff. 

"No matter what 1 did, 1 mentally 
could not overcome the sensation of 
' falling," he said at the Mission Control 
Center in Korolyov. 

* 1 just had to do the job and not think 
about it. It was like free-fall parachut- 
ing, only 100 times faster." 

Nor was Mr. Linenger enamored of 
his experience on the crane. He de- 
scribed it as like being a “fish on a long 

“It did not have a good, solid feel to 
it.” he said. “It sways back and 

The main problem Saturday, though, 
was not the crane. It was the search for 
the puncture, which concentrated on an 
area near an externally mounted radiator 
and a damaged solar array. 

At one point, Mr. Solovyov used a 
special knife to slice through the in- 
sulation to try to find a puncture. 

He expressed some frustration when 
the insulation around the module fluffed 
up when he tried to cut it. ‘ ‘I should have 
taken scissors but not a knife," he said 
in comments that were broadcast at the 
Mission Control Center. 

Easing of Security. 
For Bonn Officials 

BONN — The German govern- 
ment has decided to relax security 
for some top politicians, saying the 
threat of terrorist attacks has eased 
significantly in recent years. 

The newsmagazine Der Spiegel 
said some Bonn politicians would 
no longer ride in armored cars with 
a police escort. It did not identify 
which politicians would remain un- 
der protection. 

The decision, reported Saturday, 
came 20 years after the Red Army 
Faction kidnapped and murdered a 
top German industrialist. (AP) 

Ukraine Foresees 
Economic Progress 

KIEV — Ukraine, seeking in- 
tegration with Western organiza- 
tions. said its economic reform pro- 
gram would continue. 

“We will be able to improve all 
our economic and financial indi- 
cators in the near future." Prime 
Minister Valeri Pustovoiienko said 
Saturday after signing a tax accord 
with Luxembourg's prime minister. 
Jean-Claude Juncker. (Reiners l 

5 Killed in France 
In Plane Accidents 

LE-PUY -EN-VELAY . France 
— Five people were killed in 
France’s southeast region of Haute 
Loire in two separare plane acci- 
dents probably because of heavy 
fog, officials said Sunday. 

Three members of a family were 
killed in one crash Saturday and 
two other people died in the second 
one. They occurred 5 kilometers 
apart, the police said. (AFP) 

French RPR Party 
Weighs New Name 

MARSEILLE — The conserva- 
tive Rally for the Republic Party is 
thinking of changing its name after 
its rout "at the polls in June, said its 
new leader. Philippe Seguin. 

"Debate ought to unfold” re- 
garding a name change for France’s 
neo-Gaullist political party, Mr. 
Seguin said Saturday during a visit 
to this Mediterranean city. (AFP I 

Protestants Mark 
Past Persecution 

MIALET, France — More than 
20.000 Protestants gathered in 
Mialet in southeastern France on 
Sunday to remember past religious 
persecution and the Edict of 
Nantes, a royal decree that tem- 
porarily ended the persecution. 

The gathering came in prepa- 
ration for the 400th anniversary 
next year of the Edict of Names, a 
decree signed by King Henri IV in 
1598. (AFP) 

Protests Grow 

* In Spain After 
ETA Slaying 

The Assivuiied Press 
MADRID — A new wave 
of demonstrations by Span- 
iards protesting the violence 
of the Basque separatist 
aroup ETA spread Sunday as 
its latest victim was buried. 

Interior Minister Jaime 
Mayor Oreja said the Basque 
town of Basauri, on the out- 
skins of Bilbao, had provided 
“a masterful lesson" for all 
Spaniards through a march 

* \ Saturday night in which some 
f 20,000 people took part. 

- Authorities blamed ETA for 

the killin g of a national po- 
liceman, Daniel Villar. whose 
cjr blew up when he turned on 
the ignition to drive to work 
Friday night in Basauri. 

Mr. Villar was the EiA s 
1 1th victim this year in its 
violent fight for Basque in- 
dependence, which has tak en 
nearly 800 lives since 1968. 

Hundreds of people fol- 
lowed Mr. Villar's body to 
burial in his hometown ofUr- 
gaz, south of Madrid. Sunday . 
In the Mediterranean city or 
Alicante, a peace group c aUed 
a march for Sunday m £ ht . 

.. .protest the slaying, and the 
U mayor of the southern city o 
Algeciras has called for a si- 
lent vigil Monday nigh 1 - 

A leader of Basque N a- 

tionalist Party, Inaki Mas 
agasti, said Sunday that each 
ETA killing was drawing * 
broader response si 
ETA's or a 
Basque town councilman 
July brought millions into me 
streets across Spain- 

I “Each time, fewer people 

say on the sidelines and mot 
people join the demonstra- 
tions." Mr. Anasagasn told 
tjw state press agency. 

* "Citizens are not willing ^ 

dassiveiv accept even on- 
more ETA arrack," said Nic- 1 
qlas Redondo, a Socialist , 
party official in the Basque j 


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PACE 12 


. H it 


-1 ft* 




Goodness Hailed, and People Want Mor e of It 

I ADIC Tt nut- . R» F • £&«•«* A-nm rhp> itciinf televised toob deliberate^ from Washinfe 

Loving the Unwanted 

• Mnhjil Pt*i7A Ifl v 

“Mother has been made by the me- 
dia,” said the priesf Edward Lc Joly. 
who had worked with her for many 
years. “Without the media she would 
still be a little nun working with a few 
other nuns.” 

It is easy to forget this about Mother 
Teresa: chat she was at her work for a 
very long time before she was well- 
known. that it was not easy or pleasant 
work, and that for quite a*™* if 
people paid any attention to her wane 
at all if was to revile it 

Fifty years ago she persuaded the 
auihonoes in Calcutta to provide a 
building where she and the nuns inner 
order could at least let the city s des- 
titute die in some dignity and comfort. 

awarded a Nobel Prize 10 years later, 
and whose religious order, at her death 
on Friday at the age of 86, operated 
more than 500 homes for the poor in 
more than 100 countries. 

She was an inspiration to millions, a 
byword for altruism, a masterful fund- 
raiser for those in need and a strong 
advocate for her religious principles. 

But, as the priest knew better than 
anyone, the real “Mother" was no 
creature of the media. She was, rather, a 
fascinating puzzle to them and to most 
of the world. Perhaps this was because 
she adhered so firmly to a very simple 
principle, stated in a 1 974 interview: “I 
see God in every human being." 

■ That is, of course, a common enough 

Thev nicked up people off the streets sentiment, easily expressed and rarely 
w carried them m. There was stench lived. In her life it meant a direct daily 

V avnrorcian UlW T C\ Xl/VlCl UlPfP 

4UU V*U — . . , 

and noise, an unremitting atmosphere 
of suffering and pain. The neighbors 
didn’t like having it around. But she 
and her order staved off eviction, and 
their service continued. 

The Mother Teresa about whom 
Father Le Joly spoke was the figure 
who came to international attention 
when a BBC documentary about her 
work appeared in 1969, who was 

expression of love to those who were 
deformed, sick, diseased, mentally ill. 

“all those people who feel unwanted, 
unloved, uncared for throughout so- 
ciety, people that have become a bur- 
den'to the society and are shunned by 
everyone,” as she put it. 

It was this extraordinary ability at 
personal communion that defined her. 


Of all rhe images evoked during the 
past week by the death of Diana, Prin- 
cess of Wales, the one most likely to 
survive the passage of time is the start- 
ling response of the British people. 

The queues of mourners at the con- 
dolence books, the massed bouquets 
outside Kensington Palace, the mil- 
lions who lined the streets and ap- 
plauded spontaneously during tne 
most evocative moments of the ftmeral 
service — all these reflected a col- 
lective surge of national emotion that 
sent rwo clear messages. 

One, of course, was an unmistakable 
message of affection tor Diana. 

The other, perhaps in the long run 
more important, was that while most 
Britons remain loyal to the institution 
of the monarchy, they believe that the 
Windsors need" some instruction in 
how to run it. 

Vox Populi 

to replenish the account of public af- 
fection with which Britons yearn to 
endow their rulers. But instead of re- 
sponding rapidly and in personal 

Queen Elizabeth and her family had 
chance to surmount years of bad 

a chance to surmount years of bad 
publicity by leading the nation in a 
prolonged show of elevated bereave- 
ment. Instead, for most of last week 
they looked dottily remote and badly 
in need of the guidance that flowed 
up from the streets instead of down 
from Balmoral. 

The source of Diana’s remarkable 
hold on the public remains something 
of a mystery. Now, as exaggerated by 
an abrupt and senseless death, the ad- 
oration of Diana certainly partakes of 
the canonization that her devoted 
brother, Earl Spencer, warned against 
in what must surely be one of the most 
scarifying eulogies" in Westminster Ab- 

bey’s long history of royal ceremony. 
In any event, the people seem un< 

In any event, the people seem un- 
likely to dwell on Diana's imperfec- 
tions any time soon, because early 
and late in her streaking course from 
obscurity to madcap destruction she 
connected with the British people in 
a fluid way that the rest of die royals 
cannot master and, indeed, seldom 
bother to fake. 

Queen Elizabeth, scrambling to 
catch up with a public that condemned 
her aloofness and absence from Eng- 
land's mourning capital, had invoked 
Diana's healing common touch in her 
remarks from the palace balcony on 
Friday. She noted Diana’s capacity “to 
inspire others with her warmth and 
kindness.” She ‘'admired and respec- 
ted" her former daughter-in-law, the 
queen allowed. But Elizabeth could 
not quite bring herself to say she ever 
loved the woman. 

Had the Queen made even so con- 
trolled an appearance earlier in the 
week, she might have deflected much 
of the criticism hurled her way in the 
Final two days before the funeral. But 
over the years this particular queen 
had somehow forgotten how her fa- 
ther. King George VI, stabilized the 
House of Windsor by keeping his fam- 
ily in London to share the hazards of 
the Blitz. 

Elizabeth herself began her reign 
with a large bank account of public 
affection. But that account was depleted 
by her zealous quest for privacy, her 
husband's ostentatious crankiness, her 
children's spendthrift indiscretions and 
her son Charles's idiosyncratic ideas 
about private behavior and public duty. 

Diana's death and the immediate 
worldwide audience provided a chance 

terms, the Queen and her family re- 
treated to Balmoral Castle in Scotland, 
itself a historic symbol of royal dis- 
engagement, where Queen Victoria se- 
cluded herself for years following her 
husband's death. 

It was this chilly detachment, as 
much as the family's rough treatment 
of Diana, that turned w'hat could have 
been a moment of healing into a public 
relations hurricane. 

By dawn Saturday, with a crowd of 
millions building in the streets, the 
royal family began to get things right. 
They stood in full public view to watch 
the casket pass bearing its three bou- 
quets and the young princes’ heart- 
breaking card to “Mummy.” 

Prince Philip, unannounced, joined 
his son and grandsons to walk in the 
funeral procession, and for once his 
stem gaze and martial stride seemed 
not remote but of a solemn piece with 
the mood set by a slow-gonging bell 
and the tossing black horses. 

Through Wellington Arch and down 
the Mall, it was at last proper Windsor 
gesture and pageantry. If television 
pictures were anywhere near an ac- 
curate gauge, an anger long pent 
seemed to seep from the crowd. 

But while the streets were com- 
manded in some measure by the Queen 
again, the church that has seen 39 
coronations belonged one last time to 
Diana and the odd-lot congregation left 
by her odd-lot life. 

Britain’s leaders listened with of- 
ficial guests, rockers, models and movie 
folk as Eicon John — a courtier in the 
pop-culture world Diana adored — 
sang a keening ballad he had composed 
for another blond prisoner of fame, 
Marilyn Monroe. As for Lord Spencer's 
raw and passionate eulogy, the British 
press and eventually the historians will 
be chewing it for a long time. 

He strafed nearly everyone except 
the irresponsible driver who sped his 
sister to her death. His flogging of the 
press was predictable, but it was his 
“blood family” challenge to the 
Windsors over the raising of Diana’s 
Spencer sons that will be remembered. 
His meaning, barely veiled, was that 
the royal family has an obligation to 
protect Prince William and Prince 
Harry in a way that it never protected 
Princess Diana. 

It is a warning that Queen Elizabeth 
and Prince Charles would be wise to 
heed. Their belated gestures let them 
squeak through the ftmeral with a fair 
chance to reclaim public affection, if 
not the worship now owned by a Diana 
who is already wrapped in legend. 

Her burial ended one of those weeks 
when the British people seem ro rise up 
as one to deliver an emotional verdict 
that confounds expectations. Perhaps 
Churchill’s defeat after World War II 
was one such moment. 

Bur this one. of course, is more 
primal than political. In the extremity 
of their mourning. Britain's citizens 
were exhibiting their desperate loyalty 
to the royal family and their desperate 
demand that this bunch quit making 
such a hash of the job. 







KATHARINE P. D ARROW. Ik * Chairman 

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P ARIS — The extraordinary out- 
pouring of emotion that swept 
through the world on the death of the 
Princess of Wales contains a message. 
The outpouring was not foreseen. It 
erupted spontaneously, and it is to be 
taken seriously, 

A ravis hing young woman, killed in 
a senseless accident, is of course a 

a sheer coincidence which nonetheless 
gives added meaning. 

The two women had met and seemed 
to understand each other, to have 
something in common. 

Their looks and their lives could not 
have been more different. 

One was a frail, withered lady who 
spent her long years living with the sick 
and the destitute, tending to them with 
limited means but an infinite resource 

^ JL deliberately murdered. A British cor- i 

By Flora Lews ferent ^ “ual t «****f£ Sspondem reported from ^shte,n ; 

scenes — pop concerts, soccer matches v ^ lhe occasion the distraught but \ 

— where the presence of the i ameras eJlse[v dignified widow Jac- / 
gossip, even for prurience. She was the provokes grotesque mugging to 1 ueIine “gave America the one thing it J 
“fairy taJe princess," seemingly de- presence and identity. . p licked — majesty." But the last week / 

fenseless against the starchy Palace and A television commentator in riant* shown that majesty is not what is \ 

the greedy voyeurs, in distress and will- told of the Jong lines of “agonv-mous jacking, what is achingly sought . 

lag to appeal for sympathy. When it people come to sign the British tm- j t j s pulsing, tender humanity. J 

was clear that she could never become bassy's condolence book, riut -nc f or jts own sake. • ~ , 

queen of England, she said she wanted whole point is that ati these r a J" b There is a new trend among phiio- • 
to be a “queen of people’s hearrs.” nor anonymous. They poured out in ica jj v minded intellectuals to talk j 

She looked for ways of being useful protest and frustration with being maa nee df 0 r '‘re-enchamraenL 7 ’ Iazn t 

UJS. glSWJ U 1 UiSiHCM ailU Will- 

ing to appeal for sympathy. When it 
was clear that she could never become 

She looked for ways of being useful 
in her own style, drawing die attention 
she attracted to causes that she chose ro 
promote. It turned out that the human 
warmth she showed in tzying to be 
helpful and comforting was itself the 
greatest gift she bestowed, so that in 
death she became, as Prime Minister 
Tony Blair proclaimed her,' "the 
people’s princess." 

Together, in their contrasting ways. 

whole point is that a U these people are 
nor anonymous. They poured out in 
protest and frustration with being made 
to feel that way — ail ages, colors, 
sexes, social standings, occupations, 
easily mixed together — to express 
silent aratitude for someone who 
seemed to notice the individualness or 
human individuals. 

Mother Teresa had a saintly aura. 

•jJN . i.» 


not sure what it means. It seems to have f 
somethine to do with religion and the , 
loss of secure, revealed foundations for [ 

moral guidance in an age of science ad 1 

social fraementation. ; 'J 

The Ivory Tower had noticed it, ; 

Mother Teresa had a samtiyj aura. a ble to define it very well < 4 

Lady Di was almost mstantly bewdied * sug eestwhat might be done about j * 
by overwhelming vox popuh. Never reverting to old dogmas • 

which can breed hate and destruction | 

p -.1 
-<• '* S' 

UY to*** j £- ■ 

__ c y ^ - ~j~, mind if she dcscived it. or what it 

limited means but an infinite resource the young idol and the old mm became means for traditional institutions like 
of kindness and caring, inspiring many emblems of goodness. Their importance the monarchy. The point is what tne 
to do the same. When she opened her is that the response they drew from so tremendous groundsweU teLs us aoou 
home, she had 10 nuns helping her. By many millions is an urgent signal of ho w our societies, that something crucjai is 
the rime she w«n thi* Nlnhpl Prize there desnerare nennle are in nur time far missins. The calculating, manipulating 

and exploit ignorance. . \ 

And now the multitudes have given a J 
simple answer to the complex feeling i 

* ■ _-*!! mUan rtVitlCIOnl l 

home, she had 10 nuns helping her. By many millions is an urgent signal of how our societies, that something crucial js emptiness still left when physical | 
the time she won the Nobel Prize there desperare people are in our time for missing. The calculanng.manipmanng nee J s nee£ js for distraction and , 
were nearly 2,000 in her order and evidence that simple goodness matters, way public life is organized may oe “^J^L inmenl have been slaked but the 1 
180,000 volunteer workers all around how they yearn for warmth in a cold, democratic but it isn t satisfying oe- public life is chilled, with no ! 

the world, a real legacy. technical bewildering world. cause it is ioo cold. evident purpose but to sustain itself. Ir i 

The other was a beauty, dazi 
with bejeweled elegance, a na 
magnet for attention and fantasy, for 

technical bewildering world. cause it is ioo cold. ^ . ^ UIDQ c e but to sustain itself. Ir i 

dazzling The faces of the people in the crowds The last comparable phenomenon f , r £r^ neet i f or human warmth. ! 
1 natural who turned out to display their feel- was the funeral of John F. Kennedy, is the eternal neMiwn™™ “• ■ 
itasy, for mgs, not only in England, were dif- president of the most powerful countr>, ; 

6 Call Me Diana , 5 She Replied. ‘Everyone in America Does . 5 

and I were improbable 

VV and I were improbable 
friends — women almost two 
generations apart, from dissim- 
ilar backgrounds, working and 
living in different spheres. 

We were certainly not close, 
but we saw each other when she 
came to Washington and when 
I went to London. Over the 
years, friendship and affection 
grew. She quickly realized that 
I would protect her privacy. 

I also spoke my mind pretty 
freely, which amused her ana 
which she liked. 

We first met casually. Di- 
ana's great friends, the Brazili- 
an ambassador and his wife, 
Paulo- Tar so and Lucia Flee ha 
de Lima, were her hosts for a 
summer vacation on Martha's 
Vineyard in 1994, and they 
brought her for a visit to my 
beach one day. 

I went down to say hello and 
was immediately struck by Di- 
ana's natural, low-key charm. 
We seemed to enjoy each other. 

From that point on, we were 
able to have easy and candid 
conversations during long 
walks on the beach. 

One day, she came to fill in at 
my regular tennis game, much 
to the delight of the rest of the 
group, who didn’t know she 
was coming. They asked her 
what they should call her. “Call 
me Diana," she replied. 
“Everyone in America does.” 

She was quite a good player 
and funny with her partners. 
When one disagreed about her 
line call, she exclaimed: 
"Whose side are you on?” 

As l was driving her home 
after the game, she talked lov- 
ingly about her sons. “I want 
them to grow up knowing there 
are poor people as well as 
palaces,” she said. 

As time went on. I observed 
her making great efforts to be 
there for them. In between her 
appearances this spring for the 
Red Cross in Washington and 
the sale of her dresses in New 
York, she returned to England 
ro see them. 

As evervone knows, she 

By Katharine Graham 

played a humanizing, normal- 
izing role in their lives, seek- 
ing to introduce them to as 
many of the experiences of or- 
dinary life as she could. That 
loss is painful to think about, 
even from a distance. 

If you spent time with her, 
you felt Diana’s extraordinary 
strength, as well as her vulner- 
ability and her somewhat mock- 
ing and ever-present humor. 

I asked her if she had ever 
thought of going to college now 
that she was alone. She found 
my question hard to believe, 
and commented with irony: 
"I’ve already had an educa- 
tion.” She was righL Even 
though she lacked degrees, she 
had had a long, excruciating ex- 

It is hard to believe that she 
was barely 20 when she was 
married. I freely admit that I 
was among the millions who 
got up at 5 A.M. to watch her 
going through the huge, public, 
fairy tale-like ceremony. 

She was a star from the be- 
ginning, She brought something 
to royal behavior: touching 
people and speaking frankly, 
both major contributions. But 
we all soon learned that the fairy- 
tale had no happy ending. 

Diana. Princess of Wales, 
evolved from the beautiful 
young bride into someone with 
a mature heart and interests. 
When we first met. she was 
already developing her own 
concerns, which centered on 
children, and people ill with 
AIDS and cancer. 

It was somewhat surprising 
w'hen. at a dinner I gave for her 
a few months later, she brought 
up the question of how she was 
going to focus her energies. 

Another guest that night, Jim 
Lehrer, said. "Well, you must 
have stacks of requests.” She 
said she did. but added, 'Tve 
got to decide." 

■'Make sure it matters to 
you,” Jim responded. "Be- 
cause if it doesn't, you cannot 
make it matter to others.” 

Of course, she did just that. 

She knew she had the power 
to give love and make people 
feel better. But she recently told 
me: “If I’m going to talk on 
behalf of any cause, I want to go 
and see the problem for myself 
and learn about it.” She wanted 
to work only in areas where she 
thought her presence could 
make a difference. 

Diana had the courage to step 
out publicly to support causes 
that were risky and misunder- 
stood. But she related to the 
large issues in 3 very personal 
way. When she was on the 
Vineyard, she discovered that a 
well-known AIDS patient with 
whom she had corresponded, 
Elizabeth Glaser, was also on 
the island Diana immediately 
canceled her social plans for the 

next day so she could pay her a 
long, private visit. 

Diana's position as the di- 
vorced wife of Prince Charles, 
but the mother of the future 
kin g , led to a lonely life. It was 
understandable that her natural 
desire to have some fun led her 
to Paris the night she died. 

She seemed to have a clear 
determination to be her own 
person. A friend at the Vineyard 
once asked her if she gambled. 
“Not with cards,” she replied. 
“But with life.” 

She was pan of a celebrity- 
culture that unfortunately 
breeds people who make money 
by exploiting luminaries such 
as the late Jacqueline Onassis 
(the only parallel ro Diana in 
America). Mrs. Onassis went to 
conn to force one of the 
paparazzi to keep more of a 
distance from her. 

One point we all have to keep J* 
clear is that the paparazzi afe TV- 
different from the news media 
and most other photographed. 

The problem the paparazzi 
present will not be solved ty 
abridging press freedoms in aa 
understandable upsurge of die 
desire to protect privacy. \ 
Diana’s death has brougk 
the problems of celebrity cul- 
ture and its coverage by all of u 
into sharp relief. We all need 0 
think bard about how to solvi 
them. This tragedy need not anl 
should not have happened. Thi 
world should not have had k 
suffer tile sudden extinction o! 
a real star. . • 

Katharine Graham is chair] 
man of the executive committed 
of The Washington Post Co. She j 
contributed this comment to 
The Washington Post. . ’ j 

. V&a 4 
S' ;>*** 


The ‘Firm 5 Was Out of Its Depth 

W ASHINGTON — It is not 
easv to reverse the emo- 

VV easy to reverse the emo- 
tional customs of the ages. To 
share feelings with commoners. 
To bend to the will of the people 
you were bom ro rule. 

As the Queen and Prince 
Philip worked the rope line out- 
side Buckingham Palace on Fri- 
day. like the last ice cubes try- 
ing to melt, a woman called out 
after the queen. “Ma’am, take 
care of the boys. ’ ' Prince Philip 
snipped ai her. “That's what 
we've been doing." As if to 
say. you silly old cow. 

The scene was a weird in- 
version. The throng mourning 
Princess Diana was powerful, 
and the royal family was power- 
less. The’ crowd wanted em- 
pathy from the Crown, and it 
would be obeyed. 

The stiff upper Up may have 
been good enough for the Battle 
of Britain, but for the feel-mv- 
pain age of Lady Diana, some 

Bv Maureen Dowd 

lip biting was required. 
The Firm, as the mora 

The Firm, as the monarch) is 
known, was clearlv out of its 

Britain and France Together 

have been linked for 

▼ V have been linked for 
centuries in what may be the 
globe's most sophisticated 
love-hate relationship of na- 
tions. Now Britain and France 
must sort out together the con- 
sequences and Final meaning 
of the deatii of Diana, Princess 
of Wales, in a Paris car crash. 

Justice in the princess’s 
death will be French justice, 
shaped by the knowledge that 
the world is watching and 
waiting for judgments about 

The inquest and probable 
trials in Paris will be played 
out against the long history of 
two nations that simulta- 
neously admire and disparage 
what is different in their na- 
tional cultures, while cloaking 
s irons, underlying political 

English-speaking foreigners 
tend to see the British and 
French cultural experiences as 
dichotomous: Britain as an op- 
portunity. France as a chal- 
lenge. Rhodes scholars grav- 
itate from Oxford to politics 
and other positions oi com- 
mand back home. American 
students at the Sorbonne ev- 
idence a love of language, in- 
tellectual contrariness and a 
certain style of life (hat has 
nothing to do with back home. 

Thai elegant, pleasurable 
French style of life drew 1 Di- 
ana to France in August, just 
as every year it draws millions 
of tourists. It was as this lux- 
urious playground that France 

By Jim Hoagland 

gained its unenviable task of 
becoming killing ground and 
coroner for the world’s most 
glamorous woman. 

Diana’s final hours were an 
exercise in symbolism run 
amok in a European firma- 
ment that Britain still regards 
warily. Killed in a French road 
runnel in a German sedan, this 
British princess died beside 
her wealthy Arab companion. 
Among the first to reach the 
accident were American tour- 
ists vacationing in Paris, who 
were promptly interviewed on 
American television. 

This scene occurred four 
months after British voters 
had decisively rejected a Con- 
servative Party leadership that 
was widely seen as having iso- 
lated Britain on most Euro- 
pean questions and many 
global ones. Instead, a Labor 
Party’ committed to Britain 
playing a leading role in 
Europe came to power. 

More than either nation 
usually likes to admir, the 
French and British have 
shaped significant pans of 
their individual national char- 
acteristics by nibbing up 
.against each other in conflict 
and cooperation. 

Politically, they express 
their deep respect for democ- 
racy and their own institutions 
in markedly dift'erent ways, but 
together they have anchored 
Europe politically for a cen- 

tury. even when they have 
squabbled with each other. 

In his admirably lucid new- 
book “Europe Adrift,” John 
Newhouse quotes former For- 
eign Secretary Douglas Hurd, 
on that broader point: “In our 
interests, in our assets, in our 
view of Europe, in our hopes 
and fears for the outside 
world, there are not two sub- 
stantial countries as similar as 
France and Britain.” 

Mr. Newhouse adds: Only 
Britain and France have “ se- 
rious traditions of nationhood 
to prorecr" in the negotiations 
over the European Union. 

Tony Blairs Labour gov- 
ernment has been held up as 
an inspiration by the new So- 
cialist prime minister in 
France. Lionel Jospin. These 
rwo centrist social democrats 
will be consulting closely as 
Europe faces key decisions in 
the coming months on inter- 
national forces in Bosnia, the 

depth. (American politicians 
learned to lacrimate. confess 
and trade on family tragedies for 
political gain some time ago.) 

Now the royals were being 
rousted out of their country es- 
tates and forced to publicly 
emote about a young woman 
who had infuriated them with 
her willful refusal to play the 
game, who had tried to destroy 
them with stories about how 
horribly they had treated her. 
who had called herself the Pris- 
oner of Wales, who had tried to 
get them to hire a political 
strategist to recast their image, 
who "had offered luminous 
smiles and beatific good deeds 
that made them look soulless by 
contrast, who had raised the 
specter of making a foreign 
playboy the stepfather of the 
young princes. 

When the Queen. Philip and 
Charles finally appeared for a 
photo op to look at the flowers 
left for Diana outside Balmoral, 
they looked as if they were 
judging a dog show. 

The monarchy has no moral 
suasion and no popular touch. 

Many considered Queen 
Elizabe'th’s delivery of her 
speech eulogizing Diana blood- 
less. But that is precisely why it 
was masterly. The mother of" all 
mothers-in-law. who no doubt 
had a lot of powerful negative 
emotions churning about Di- 
ana, was able to mask them. 

Elizabeth and Philip certainly 
considered the Charles -Diana 
marriage the pod of infection 
from which all their troubles 
flow-ed. So the Prince of Wales 
had a mistress, they must have 

thought, so what? Hadn’t the ' 

girt read.any history? Li 

Prince Charles had once \ 
stewed over changing the mon- i 

archy to reflect more humanity', 
but his family set him straight 

but his family set him straight ) 
on the idea of putting his own 
needs and opinions ahead of the 
Crown’s. "This is the kind of 
selfish irresponsibility that 
ruined your great-uncle,” Lora 
Mountbatten warned Charles', 
referring ro Edward VHTs abr 
dication for love. ' 

So Charles did his duty anq 
married die woman he didn't 
love. He was a one- woman maq 
who failed to marry the one 
woman. And now the othef 
woman has become more 
powerful than them all. j ^ 
As crowds swelled, as news) ip 
paper and magazine sales went ' 
stratospheric, "as television rat 7 
ings soared, the Diana cult was 
born. <She died for our sins.) 
There have even been reported 
sightings of the new saint at St) 
James’ Palace. , 

Even Mother Teresa's death 
was subordinated to the miming 
ous Diana. CNN called the nun 
“another notable and good) 
woman who passed away.” i 
A nightmare awaits the Firm) 
There is no going back. Diana 
has modernized and democra- 1 
tized the monarchy. As royal 
patronage is replaced by royal 
glitz, a terrible fate awaits th^ ■ 
angelic Prince William. 0- 

“Your mother will live on i^ 
your looks forever," one worn-, 
an told the 15-year-old as hej 
accepted flowers from the 
crowd outside Diana’s home at 
Kensington Palace. The! 
paparazzi have his number, and 
their cameras are loaded. | 

The New York Timet. i 



1897: Yellow Fever voiced or granted divorces at the 

shape of defense budgets and 
NATO enlargement, and 

monetary union. 

At the" same time. Germany 
will be absorbed with its 1998 
elections that could bring the 
Social Democrats to power. 

The force of circumstance 
melds the British and French 
in mourning and in weighing 
the death of a princess. 

The process could also re- 
mind them and the world of 
the much broader agenda rhar 
rwo ancient rivals have come 
to share as nations. 

The Wash met, >ii P.iu 

NEW YORK — An epidemic 
of yellow fever has broken out 
in some Southern cities of the 
United States and at some wa- 
tering places on the Gulf of 
Mexico. It is officially an- 
nounced today [Sept. 7] rhar 
yellow fever in an epidemic 
fonn prevails at Ocean Springs, 
Miss. The town has therefore 
been placed in quarantine. Four 
hundred cases of ihe dreaded 
disease have already occurred. 
Every effort is being made to 
stamp out the disease. Drs. 
Guiieras. Murray and Carter, 
experts in yellow fever have 
started out from Washington for 
die scene of the epidemic. 

voiced or granted divorces at the! 
rate of one a day in Cook County 
for the past twenty-five years.! 
Margaret comes second in the 
Usr of unlucky names with 2 18 a 1 
year, Mary next with 192. Lil- 1 , 
ban with 168 and Helen andJi 
Daisy tied at 100 a year. / 

***? ” *W P M 

1947: Permit Denied 

1922: All in a Name? 

CHICAGO — Statisticians have 
here discovered that the name of 
Anna js a bad omen for domestic 
happiness, because women 
bearing this name have been di- 

P/UUS — A French Foreign! 
Ministry spokesman announced 
yesterday France had refused toi 
permit Rabbi Baruch Korff, co-j 
chairman of die Political Action! 
Committee for Palestine, to set! 
up a base of operations here for a 1 
parachute invasion of Palestine! 
by Jewish refugees. Explaining 1 
mat the plan would violate; 
French laws concerning transit! • 
of Jews, the spokesman said the! 
government had declined ta£ 
enter into any discussions with^ 
the American rabbi. Korff had! 
submitted his request to Jean’ 
Letourneau, acting Foreigni 
Minister, on Friday [Sept. 5] 


Wtainhfll 1 eL* 1M7 




f or P 


r n y , - 

''I I ^ Word to the Wired: Watch YourNetspeak 


by *? trici a T. O'Connor 

jw fort r,mn Sen-ire 

■\JEW YORK _ Good English 
' “W 08 * 1 to «n»ive i£ 

h S3 °? ge * *** 

rISff are hopelessly “analog": un- 
cool. fossilized, predigitai. No thev 

revolutioM S r^? Ulenber8 era dem “dsa 
~ n hn8ra «®* 0ne that’s dy- 
namic and rule-averse. So don’t expit 

here , s 3 V,avd to ^ wired. The 
g™mar police are cruising the info 
highway, and they’re writing tickets. 

JSTW-fcSt fomms 
25£®?® just about anything, from 
™ e *o sl eep disorders to Chia 
pets tad English does not go un- 
noticed. Few issues, in fact, inspire 
SS^JEff 0118 * ^ttnoents, or com- 
g“».< flames " » Netspeak), as I 
found in a recent monthlong binge of 
™mg newsgroup postings 

but I can’t stand it any- 
mwe, a defender of proper English 
cried m rec.omdoors.fishins fly a 
newsgroup for anglers. “Ffy is sin- 
gular, buty7rej is plural. There is no 
word m English spelledftyj." 

A golfer in the rough issued a cry for 
help in "What is cor- 
rect- A one-iron sounds right but 
shouldn’t it be an one- iron?" 

“The actual rule,” said a second 
golfer, is to use an when the fol- 
lowing word begins with a vowel 
sound, not necessarily an actual vowel. 
That is why we say an hour and a one- 
iroo." "For me," a third joked, "it’s a 
four-iron because the Lord knows I 
can’t hit a or an one-iron.’ ’ 

In an online culture that has sud- 
denly plunked millions of non writers 


down at keyboards, grammar is often 
conspicuous by its absence. But across 
the Net, lovers of good English aren't 
giving up without a fight. 

A questioner in alLfan.dragoolance 
wondered why a knight was said to 
hwt mustaches. “What's the deal? Do 
these knights have special faces that 
allow them to have multiple mus- 
taches?" A helpful fan suggested: 
"Maybe its just a grammer mistake 
that slipped through," inspiring an- 
other to respond: “Grammar, folks. 
It’s spelled grammar 

Leaving aside the misuse of its. the 
misspelling of grammar seemed to be 
the most common mistake of all. “I 
only take grammar flames seriously 
when they come from people who can 
spell the word grammar,' ’ said a peev- 
ish posting to alt. peeves, echoing sim- 
ilar flames in alt.angst, soc.culture. af- 
cardinals, and other newsgroups. 


Many writers tried to head off 
flames by apologizing beforehand. In 
akufo .reports, someone seeking infor- 
mation on strange happenings over 
Ohio signed off with, “Sony for any 
misspelled word or bad grammar." 

And a contributor to ultsexJcmdom 
commented: “English is nor my orig- 
inal language. Keep that in mind if you 
have a problem with grammar or 
spelling." To which a helpful critic 
responded: "You should use a gram- 
mar checker. As an author who's moth- 
er tongue is English I find this an 
invaluable tool." (Who’sl So much for 
grammar checkers.) 

A grateful note was sounded in 
rec. ails, theatre .musicals. On realizing 
that he'd confused complement and 
compliment in an earlier message, an 
emtnt writer said it was "elegant and 
humane" of bis colleagues to let the 
slip pass unremarked. 

Other newsgroups were more con- 
tentious. ‘Tmgerang pretty sick of the 
way people on newsgroups complain 
about spelling and grammar," said a 
contributor to aluoys. transformers. "I 
mean, come on, this is supposed to be 
fun, isn’t it?" 

“LET IT BE!” shouted a 
sic.beades fan after a discussion of 
grammatical liberties in Beatles lyrics. 
And a writer fumed in altsports.base- 
ball.atlanta-braves: "Why don’t you 
go post in alt english. grammar! This is 
a baseball newsgroup!" 

The sentiment was echoed in drivers: “No one is 
really concerned with grammar or 
proofreading in this newsgroup. But I 
apprecate you cunsem 

Patricia T. O' Conner is the author of 
a grammar book, “ Woe Is l." William 
Sqfire is on vacation. 

By Alan Truscott 

I T is broadly true that short 
auctions tend to lead to 
easy contracts and long auc- 
tions to difficult ones. It is 
'also true that the longer the 
auction, the more likely it is 
that foe defenders will find 
the winning path. 

’ On the diagramed deal 
from a Spingold Knockout 
•Team Championship in 
Miami Beach, North-South 
were using two diamonds as 
an artificial game force after a 
one no-trump rebid. They 
proceeded slowly to foe best 
contract: six spades. But East 
had had an opportu nity to 

double a cue-bid of four 
hearts, which made it easy for 
West to find foe essential 
heart lead. Without it South 
would have succeeded in 
comfort by surrendering a 
trick to the diamond king. 

West was Peter Weichsel 
of Encenitas. California, and 
he had to make two more cru- 
cial plays to defeat the slam. 
South took foe heart ace, led 
to the diamond ace and 
crossed to the spade king. 

He then led foe diamond 
queen and threw his losing 

The obvious play by West 
would have been fatal. If 
Weichsel had taken his king. 
Sooth would have been able to 

draw trumps and claim his 
slam. But Weichsel refused to 
win, and that was an important 

South bad linle choice but 
to repeat his maneuver by 
leading foe diamond ten and 
throwing a club. 

This time Weichsel took 
foe trick with foe king and 
made his second critical play 
by leading his last diamond. 
East ruffed and South over- 
ruffed, hot was now a trick 
short: one of his diamond 
winners had been destroyed. 
Now foe only chance was a 
club finesse, and when that 
failed, foe slam had been de- 
feated by one of foe best de- 
fenses of foe tournament 

* 43 
<710 8 5 
■> K 6 3 2 

<7 A 9 7 2 
■> Q J 10 9 4 

* 107 6 2 
P KQ64 
-> 875 



Ait Intimate History 
of American Girls 

By Joan Jacobs Brumberg. 267 pages. 

$25. Random House. 

Reviewed by Ellen K. Silbergeld 

G irls are in trouble: Not only are 
they faced with difficult personal 
decisions about sexuality and subject to 
foe assaults of advertising; they have 
been largely abandoned by the social 
and familial structures that once pro- 
tected them. Add to this an earlier age of 
sexual maturation — foe age of men- 
arche — and foe American girl is a 
species in danger. 

This is the thesis of * ‘The Body Proj- 
ect," subtitled "An Intimate History of 
American Girls," by Joan Jacobs 
Btumberg, a professor at Cornell. She 
provides compelling anecdotes from foe 
more abysmal side of American culture, 
with its blatant pressures for physical 
perfection, mechanical sexuality, un- 
ending consumerism and social fracture. 
Any parent who reads foe magazines 
directed at teenage girls has seen all of 
this, -and has been appalled. But this 
book raises much more troubling con- 
cerns, at least to this reviewer. 

Much of ‘ ’The Body Project’ ’ is opin- 
ion presented as fact, an epistemological 
confusion that defines much of the dif- 
ference in ways of knowing between Che 
“hard” sciences of biology, medicine, 
chemistry and physics and some but not 

all of foe "social sciences," hisio/v. so- 
ciology and women’s studies. In this 
book, it is apparently sufficient to repeat a 
statement often enough to make it so. 
Thus, Brumberg repeatedly stales that foe 
age of menarche has not only shifted 
downward dramatically over the past 
century, but also that merely moving to 
the United Stales causes earlier metises in 

Now most biologists would give a 
great deal to know if these "facts” are 
true. When girls and women pass vari- 
ous milestones in development — in- , 
eluding menarche and menopause — is 
of considerable interest in foe context of 
understanding changes in patterns of re- 
production and risks of breast cancer. It 
would be important to know if these 
milestones can be influenced by' geog- 
raphy or culture, but we just don't have 
foe data to support this book's asser- 

At a recent conference held at foe 
University of Michigan, experts from 
around the world discussed bow little we 
know abour these complex, important 
topics with none of the confident res- 
olution emanating from this book. "The 
Body Project" is not an academic text 
but a book for popular consumption. 
Nevertheless, foe public needs and de- 
serves to know or our uncertainties as 
well as our opinions. 

The book is haphazard in its doc- 
umentation. Brumberg cites articles and 
books to support her text, but these range 
greatly in date and type from an article 


RAGE 13 

published in 1901 on foe age of men- 
arche in North American girls to so- 
ciological papers that present the opin- 
ions of others. 

Critical to the scientist's way of know- 
ing is a rigorous approach to gener- 
alization: How and when can we extend 
foe results of a specific research study to 
the experience of a population or whole 
group, in this case American girls? 
Brumberg indicates that she advertised 
for and drew upon a set of personal 
diaries sent to her by mostly white 
middle-class women — but how many? 
how many from each generation? how 
reliable as evidence? how generaliz- 

Finally, “The Body Project" ends up 
insulting foe very group it seeks to support 
A nonrandom set of “girls" — young 
women from 16 to 20 — read this book 
with me. Without exception, they were 
enraged by its depiction of themselves as 
helplessly manipulated by cosmetics ad- 
vertisers,* fashion magazines, movies and 
rap songs. Unlike Brumberg, they rec- 
ognize that the privilege of freedom, 
which they have no intention of discarding 
for a new Victorianism, brings the chal- 
lenge of personal responsibility and em- 

EUen K. Silbergeld, professor of epi- 
demiology, toxicology and pathology at 
the University of Maryland School of 
Medicine and a member of its Women's 
Health Research Group, wrote this for 
The Washington Post. 


1 0ne at the 
Three B'e of 
classical music 

to Church recess 
i« Field measure 
ts Nile capital 
is dose, as an 
it -H orse 
Feathers' stare 
so Put *n stitches 

21 Orders to plow 

22 Eagle's nest 

22 Pencif a innards 
M New Yodc nine 

28 Eastern 

22 Scandalous 

20 Getty product 
22 Broadcasts 
M Larger than 

as a-to-5 grind 
as Genre of 17- 
and 56- Across 
so Viet na mese 

41 Picnic places 

42 First murder 
- victim 

43 Gawk at 

44 Prevaricates 

* AQ JB5 
O A 

*A J743 

Both sides were vulnerable. The 

West led die heart five. 

Solution to Puzzle of Sepf. 5 

EoaannmDn HdEoa 
CBDEOEonD oanan 

□qoqe DDQQEaaaa 


45 Placid 
47 Hairless 
44 Stocking flaws 
42 west Indies. 

92 Connect, as 

S3 Where: LaL 
ee The Outlaws is 
Gaming” stars 
so Jacket 
61 Hoi coal 
82 Escape baffle 

es” springs 


64 Like many attics 
*5 Classify, as 

1 Cave dweiers 

2 Feel sore 

3 Rowing sport 

4 Skirt's edge 

5 Reaction one 

e Burdened 

7 Barbecued dish 
slathered with 


■ Court 

10 Cigar residue 

11 Equal 

12 Indian dress 

12 “What is 


ia Long, long time 
10 Skin art 
as Speech problem 

24 Dairy products 

25 Newsman 

29 Flavor 

27 Choreographer 

28 Declaim 

29 Links wtfha 
space station 

90 Diving bird 

51 Poet W. H. 

32 Flair 

37 Quite a 

38 Mermaid 

39 Pathfinder's 

4S Torrid 
4« Inner. Prefix 

47 Divine Miss M 
42 Stopwatch 

4e Compulsive 

so ‘Begone!" 

91 Quantum— — 

52 Insect snares 

53 Hideous 

54 Pager sound 

Net r York Timea/Edited by Will Shorts. 

as Expression of 

*7 Claret color 
ss Ostrich kin 
99 Frequently 





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fc »*■ 

PAGE 14 



NOR p 

Borneo’s Rain Forest Going Up in Smoke 

Fires Smother the Shy There and on Sumatra 

By Robert G. Kaiser 

Washington fan Service 

PONTIANAK. Indonesia — In Borneo this 
month there is no sky and often no hint of the sun. 
The air, heavy with smoke, strains the eyes ana 
limi ts visibility, often to a few hundred yards^ 
Every leaf in the vast tropical rain forest is doneo 
with fine ash. . 

When the sun does »PP ear ;.J* ’ 
the smoky, gray-brown haze like a dinn^ 
plate. Eerily, waves of smoke blow across the 
bright disk, then make it disappear entirely. 

This environmental apocalypse is caused by 
forest fires, some accidental but many delib- 
erately set in Kalimantan, 

Borneo, and on Sumatra, 560 kilometers (350 
miles) to the west. The cloud now spans hundreds 
of kilometers and hovere over about 70 million 
people who live on Borneo, Sumatra and the 
Matey Peninsula, all of whom are mhakngun- 
healthy levels of smoke particles from the fires. 

Because of the smoke, there is only sporadic 
air travel in and out of Pontianak, the capital of 
ihe Indonesian province of West Kal im a n ta n . 
Airports in Malaysia and Sumatra have had to 
interrupt service since early August, and schools 
in many parts of the region have suspended 
outdoor athletic activities. . 

Everywhere, eyes water and throats scratch. 
The acrid smell of wood smoke is ubiquitous. 

Ihe vast smog is a palpable manifestation of 
grave and worsening environmental problems 
that plague most of Asia. 

“It’s a massive environmental tragedy, and 
it's basically man-made, ” said Charles Barber of 
the World Resources Institute, who lives in Ma- 
nila and travels often to Indonesia, woricing on 
projects to try to save the remaining tropical rain 
forests here. 

According to Mr. Barber and others, many of 
the fires are deliberately set to clear land for 
plantations to produce palm oil and pulp for 
paper, enterprises that are encouraged by gov- 
ernment subsidies. Syarifudin Baharsyah, In- 
donesia's minister of agriculture, said recently 

that ‘’plantations caused some 80 percent of the 
forest fires.” 

The governments of Indonesia, Malaysia and 
Singapore, the countries most affected by foe 
haze, have discussed possible remedial action, 
including trying to seed clouds and leasing air- 
craft to bomb the fires with water. The Malaysian 
government has imposed emergency restrictions 
on driving, burning and the outdoor activities of 
schoolchildren. In the Malaysian pan of Borneo, 
schoolchildren are wearing masks to school. Bat 
no action has been taken to put out the fires. 

This is the dry season, but “dry" doesn’t 
adequately describe this year’s conditions. Much 
of Indonesia is suffering from water shortages. 
Here in Pontianak, trucks, bicycles, motorbikes 

aad people are lined up around the clock at the 
main water-pumping station to collect water from 
the last municipal supply in this city of 450,000. 

The dryness exacerbates accidental fires. And 
for centuries rice farmers have used the dry 
season to bum off the stubble of the previous 
season's crop and refertilize their land with die 
ash. Fire also is die basic tool for trash disposal in 
this part of the world. 

So haw in the dry season is normal here, but 
many local residents say it has never been as bad 
.as this year. Travelers (hiving to the airport from 
Pontianak pass dozens of fires along the road and 
cross their fingers that their flights will actually 
take off. 

Traditionally, the coming of the rains has both 
suppressed the fires and cleared the air. Now 
Indonesians fear that the rains, which usually 
come in September, will be late this year, perhaps 
months late. The signs are strong that a terrible 
“El Nino” effect is already building, which for 
Indonesia can mean prolonged drought 

El Nino — a Spanish term for the Christ child, 
a name that Peruvian fishermen gave to the 
phenomenon because it typically materializes in 
December — refers to abnormalities in air cur- 
rents and ocean temperatures in the equatorial 
Pacific that can influence weather patterns 
around the world. In a bad year, El Nino means 
fewer Atlantic hurricanes, drought in Southeast 
Asia and Australia and other disruptions of nor- 
mal weather patterns. 

The United Nations’ World Meteorological 
Organization said last month that exceptionally 


in 1 ' ' 


TV VWCMtrd rw 

Students in Sarawak, on Borneo, wearing masks to guard against heavy air poll 5 

high surface-water temperatures in the tropical * J 

Pacific signal what maybe foe most damaging El of busir^for Indonesia, which is! - 

Pacific signal what maybe foe most damaging El of Ms ®^SwgS»i»«for Indonesia, which irf 0 
Nino phenomenon ever recorded. L SSS5R« hmrt exporter of plywood. The: 

A tod El Nino over the next year would only JejwMj “J?** ^SStinibS concessions; 
aggravate this areals environmental problems. A 8°^™^ ^omoanies years, allowing, 

recent study by the Asian Development Bank in to P nva f ec °^l! Environmentalists, the* 

Manila summarized the situation in these toms: remove* 

“Asia is the world’s most polluted and WoridBankand offlerssay me ^ 

vironmentaily degraded region. Dunng the past 30 any mcenuves for the oggmg mpsm , 
years, Asia has lost half its forest cover, and with R preserve rnS toSaeria to 

countless unique animal and plant species. A third Last year the World ^ rivalries it charees to 1 

of its agricultural tend has been degraded. Fish more chan £nbte royalti« it 
stocks have fallen by 50 percent- No other region concessionaires ramng do^ srate^wneu am. 
has so many heavily polluted cities, and its rivers hei r Forestry ^ster Pprtndm Sngg 
and lakes are among the world’s most polluted. badikusumo rej«ted that idea, s Y g ■ 

The steady depletion of Indonesia’s forests — only encourage Indonesians to go after cheap, 
among the world’s few remaining tropical rain illegally cut timber. j 

30 Said to Die 
In Battle for 
Comoros Isle 

Cump&d by Oar Staff Firm Dupaxita 

MORONL Comoros — More than 30 
people, including soldiers and seces- 
sionists, died in the Comoros during a 
foiled attempt to crash a separatist re- 
bellion on Nzwani island, also known as 
Anjouan, a Comoros Red Crescent of- 
ficial said Sunday. 

The official, who declined to be iden- 
tified, spoke by telephone from the 
nearby island of Mwali, also known as 
Moheli. shortly after a French radio sta- 
tion reported a death toll of 40 Comoran 
soldiers in the fighting. 

The official told Reuters his infor- 
mation was based on radio contacts with 
aid workers on Nzwani. The government 
of embattled President Mohammed Taki 

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MIDEAST: ‘What Now?’ Israelis Wonder ; 

Continued from Page 1 security guarantees in any future ne- 

• Wr.’ ( 

■ kr v 

Jim NtinmSn/TU&r* 

month of stringent military restrictions 
on the Palestinians; it was followed by 
reports of a botched military operation in 
Lebanon in which at least 12 Israeli 
commandos were killed. 

“The events of the past 36 hours 
reinforce that sense, that in the war 
against terrorists and in other low-level 
warfare being visited upon us, there can 
be no decisive strategic battles,” said 
Joseph Alpher, director of the Israel of- 
fice of the American Jewish Committee, 
“and victories will ultimately have to 
take a political, not a military, form.” 

Another conclusion was that 
whatever his motives, Mr. Arafat had 
showed that he was not prepared to curb 
Hamas and that he had not abandoned 
violence as an option. 

Whether Mr. Netanyahu had left him 
no alternative, as some argued on foe 
left, or whether Mr. Arafat never ac- 
cepted his share of foe peace bargain, as 
those on the right charged, many agreed 
that the Israelis, and the Americans, 
would have to seek far more sniDgem 

Continued from Page 1 

as the three suicide bombers, U.S. of- 

has cut direct telephone links with , t ... . ,, . . — <=: o ------ - « 

Nzwani and censored news about the The Palestinian deputy minister for international cooperation. An is Qaq, telling mourners at the funeral that the Israelis, and the American 
fighting on Comoran state radio. Sunday of a bombing victim, Smadar EEhanon, that the attack was an evil thing. “We feel the pain,” be said, would have io seek far more sningei 

“ Asked whether foe figure of 40 was 

?tbie, but ow ran^'hilve S'tLuo, TALKS: Ahead of Albright’s Visit, Arab Leaders Consult on Rising Middle East Tensions 

and we have heard reports of some more „ 

people killed in areas where they could Continued from Page 1 Palestinian officials, with the backing analyst, Zeev Schiff, wrote Friday in foe serious pressure on Mr. N etanyahu a 

not gain access.” B from Egypt and Jordan, would like to see newspaper Ha’aretz. • long as Israelis are regularly being kille 

Tnree hundred Comoran troops were as the three suicide bombers, U.S. of- Secretary of State Albright take an ap- In either case, he wrote, there is no by Palestinians in terrorist attacks, 

sent to Nzwani on Wednesday to put ficials have made it dear that Mrs. Al- p roach in the talks that calls Prime Min- chance that Mrs. Albright “will be able In Cairo, a joint statement issued Sui 

down foe rebel revolt after a monthlong bright would use her visit to press Mr. ister Benjamin Netanyahu to account for to succeed now in her planned visit to the day said: ... 

standoff and mediation attempts by foe Arafat to cooperate more vigorously hard-line Israeli policies that, they say, Middle East" “The leaders urged foe lmplemei 

Organization of African Unity. with Israel in foe fight against terror- create an atmosphere conducive to ter- Some analysts take a more positive ration of foe interim agreement in all t 

Sunday’s reports offered the first con- ism. rorism. view-, suggesting that if Mr. Albright can clauses and foe resumption of neg( 

crete figures to come out after the Co- In an unexplained step, foe Jordanian On both sides, however, expectations secure a commitment on Mr. .Arafat’s tiations on final status as soon as poi 
moran government in Moroni acknowl- security police have arrested Ibrahim for a major breakthrough are low. part to fight terror, then perhaps she can sible." 

edged on Saturday it had suffered a Ghoshe, foe spokesman for the extremist “Collaboration between Israel and perenadeMr. Netanyahu to moderate his Under foe Oslo agreement, Israel 

mili tary defeat there. Hamas group. The Associated Press re- foe Palestinian Authority in the war policies toward the Palestinians. supposed to withdraw its troops step b 

Nzwani on Sunday was “calm and ported from Amman, quoting Mr. against terror has reached foe verge of They acknowledge, however, that it is step from much of foe West Bank, n 

under the control of Anjouan forces,” Ghoshe’s son. bankruptcy,” a respected Israeli military difficult for foe United Slates to exert serving for “final status” talks on th 


And so, what now? 

In foe immediate aftermath of the Ben 
Yehuda attacks, Mr. Netanyahu warned; 
of tougjh measures, including security 
operations inside Palestinian areas and 1 
foe postponement of a scheduled with-, 
drawal m foe West Bank. Mr. Arafat 
rounded up some Hamas leaders. Butj 
neither action changed the existing stale-; 

Some, like Gideon Ezra, a former 
deputy chief of foe intelligence service, 
who advises Mr. Netanyahu on terror- 
ism, called for more pressure on 
Arafat to crack down on Hamas. 

“We have no choice,” he said. “We 
have nothing to give them.” 

From the other side of the political; 
spectrum, Yossi Beilin, a leading Labor} 
strategist, argued that Mr. Arafat could 1 
be effective only if the Palestinians had; 
some hope. .» 

“If Netanyahu doesn’t give the Pal- 
estinians some light at foe end of foe 
tunnel,” he warned, “there will be more 
terror i sm.” ’ 



sent to Nzwani on Wednesday to put ficials have made it clear that Mrs. A1- 

down foe rebel revolt after a monthlong 
standoff and mediation attempts by foe 
Organization of African Unity. 

Sunday’s reports offered the first con- 
crete figures to come out after the Co- 
moran government in Moroni acknowl- 
edged on Saturday it had suffered a 
military defeat there. 

Nzwani on Sunday was “calm and 
under foe control of Anjouan forces,” 
said a separatist source who is in radio 
contact with the island. 

The separatists on Nzwani, a tiny 
tropical island wracked by poverty and 
unemployment, declared independence 
on Aug. 3 from foe Comoros chain, 
which also includes foe islands of 
Njazidja, also known as Grand e-Co- 
more, and Mwali. 

Nzwani separatists want a return to 
the French fold and the benefits provided 
by Paris — as enjoyed on Mayotte, 
which voted to remain French in 1974. 

President Taki went ahead with foe 
military intervention despite calls for 
calm by France, the OAU and several 
senior Comoran military officers, and 
the outcome was seen as a serious re- 
versal for him. {Reuters, A FP) 

bright would use her visit to press Mr. 
Arafat to cooperate more vigorously 
with Israel in foe fight against terror- 

In an unexplained step, foe Jordanian 
security police have arrested Ibrahim 
Ghoshe, foe spokesman For the extremist 
Hamas group. The Associated Press re- 
ported from Amman, quoting Mr. 
Ghoshe’s son. 

analyst, Zeev Schiff, wrote Friday in the 
newspaper Ha’aretz. 

In either case, he wrote, there is no 
chance that Mrs. Albright “will be able 
to succeed now in her planned visit to the 
Middle East” 

Some analysts take a more positive 
view’, suggesting that if Mr. Albright can 
secure a commitment on Mr. .Arafat’s 
part to fight terror, then perhaps she can 
persuade Mr. Netanyahu to moderate his 
policies toward the Palestinians. 

They acknowledge, however, thai it is 
difficult for foe United States to exert 

EU Envoy Ends Tehran Talks With No Progress on Easing Rift 


TEHRAN — A special European Un- 
ion envoy to Iran left on Sunday with no 
sign of progress in talks about tense 
diplomatic relations, European diplo- 
mats said. 

“I can confirm that there is no ev- 
idence of progress,” a diplomat said. 
“The dialogue continues.” 

Ambassadors of foe 15 EU countries 
have been absent from Tehran since 
April, when they were withdrawn for 

Their recall followed a diplomatic 

dispute touched off by a German court’s 
charges of high Iranian involvement in 
political assassinations in Europe in 

Iran said later that foe ambassadors 
could return but foe German envoy must 
be the last to do so. a formula seen by 
Bonn as an attempt to undermine Euro- 
pean solidarity. 

The EU envoy, Paul Meurtz, was sent 
to Tehran on Friday by the bloc's Lux- 
embourg presidency. He left early Sun- 
day following two rounds of talks with 
the Iranian Foreign Ministry’s director- 

general for Western Europe, Aii Ah am. 
diplomats said. 

Mr. Meurtz "s visit was seen a good 
step and proved that the two sides 
wanted to talk, a diplomat here re- 

“If we are talking about technical 
solutions to foe problem of foe ambas- 
sadors, there is no progress,” he said. 

“If we are talking about foe an- 
nouncement of foe dialogue, certainly it 
has been a good step.” 

L ‘This meeting has proved that the two 
sides want to talk.” 

serious pressure on Mr- Netanyahu as 
long as Israelis are regularly being killed 
by Palestinians in terrorist attacks. 

" In Cairo, a joint statement issued Sun- 
day said: 

“The leaders urged foe implemen- 
tation of foe interim agreement in all its 
clauses and foe resumption of nego- 
tiations on final status as soon as pos- 

Under the Oslo agreement, Israel is 
supposed to withdraw its troops step by 
step from much of the West Bank, re- 
serving for “final status” talks on foe 
even-more contentious issues of Pal- 
estinian self-rule and foe future of Je- 

After the suicide bombing on 
crowded Ben Yehuda Street however. 
Prime Minister Netanyahu accused Mr. 
Arafat of failing to control terrorists 
operating from areas under his control 
and. on Friday, his cabinet announced a 
freeze on further troop withdrawals. 

The bombing and Mr. Netanyahu’s 
response has fueled a sense of crisis in 
Middle East diplomacy that was com- 
pounded by news Friday that 12 Israeli 
soldiers — 1 1 naval commandos and an 
army doctor — died in a mission in south 
Lebanon early the same day. 

The raiders were ambushed by Leb- 
anese Armv troops and Shiite Muslim 

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foil 7r-" - ' 
rati:;-- . 
in ?;r- .• • 
terr- . 

Ibrahim Ghoshe, spokesman For 
Hamas, arrested by Jordanians. 

Record l 


Can Analysts Rank Lifestyle? 
New Study Raises Eyebrows 

TRAVEL UPDATE TURMOIL: Investors Await Asia Reform 

By Barbara Crosse tte 16(1 last week ax an inter- 

Nn- York Times Service national conference in Jakarta, Indonesia, 

— and will publish them in a book — Singa- 

UNITED NATIONS, New York — pore and Cuba are almost equal in rank, ai 
le appearance last week of another 51st and 54th place, respectively. 

The appearance last week of another 
index ranking countries by their social 
conditions — a study in which Bulgaria 
outranks foe United States in quality of 
life — raises new questions about how 
and why these surveys are conducted. 

In recent years, reports attempting to 
measure human progress and to evaluate 
the conditions that might indicate 
whether a nation will enjoy economic 

In contrast, the UN index ranks Singa- 
pore 26th and Cuba 86fo. 

The United Nations says Singapore 
has nearly seven times the per capita 
gross domestic product of Cuba and 
slightly higher rates of life expectancy 
and school attendance. 

At foe American Enterprise Institute 
in Washington. Nicholas Eberstadt. who 

Vietnam Idles Tupolevs 

HANOI — Vietnam Airlines will 
ground its Tupolev aircraft as of Monday 
pending an inquiry into the crash of one 
of its Tu-i 34Bs in Cambodia, an official 
at foe national carrier said Sunday. 

The airline still had four of foe Soviet- 
made planes in service following foe 
crash Wednesday near foe Phnom Penh 
airport that killed all but two of the 66 
people on board. f Reuters) 

Continued from Page 1 

A hurricane churned Caribbean 
waters Sunday, but its worst force faced 
the open Atlantic. Many islands escaped 

was still “far from embracing the aus- 
terity measures which would convince 
investors of more balanced growth.” 
while additional revenue from the Phil- 
ippine tax -reform package was equiv- 
alent to only 0.5 percent of current total 
tax revenue. 

According to foe most recent official 
figures. Thailand had an annual current 
deficit of $14.7 billion. But the value of 
imported goods and services also far 
exceeded export earnings in Indonesia, 
Malaysia ana the Philippines. 

For foe latest year, Indonesia’s annual 

with strong gusts and brief bursts of current account deficit was 58. S billion. 

and social growth have been compiled studies demographic surveys, is critical 

by several international organizations, of most attempts to measure social con- 

Among foe most widely noted are ditions and human progress. 

surveys from Unicef, foe World Bank 
and foe United Nations Development 
Program, which publishes an annual Hu- 
man Development Index. 

“Human-development indices are 
black boxes, and the people who put 
them together can use any criteria they 
choose, and thus they can get almost any 

torrential rain. While its winds remained 
steady at 85 miles (135 kilometers) per 
hour, the storm slowed movement Of- 
ficials warned Virgin Islands and Puerto 
Rico residents to expect heavy rain, 
coastal flooding and beach erosion. (AP) 

The latest report is by a scholar of results they wish,” Mr. Eberstadt said in 
social work, Richard Estes, chairman of an interview Thursday. 

The San Francisco Bay Area Rapid 
Transit commuter rail system shut 

foe program in social and economic de- “For example, there was a time v 

.velopmern at the University of some specialists on workers’ rights 
Pennsylvania’s School of Social Work, gested using foe number of strike* 
Estes's study, using much of foe same year as an index of labor freedom, 
data available to UN agencies, never- said. 

down after contract talks focused on pay 
“For example, there was a time when raises collapsed and 2,600 train oper- 
some specialists on workers’ rights sug- ators, mechanics and other personnel 
gested using foe number of strikes per went on strike this weekend. (AP) 
year as an index of labor freedom,” he „ 

saii This Week s Holidays 

“The lower foe number of strikes, the „ , 

more satisfied foe workers. Banking and government c 

“Of course. Communist Czechoslo- ke , c losed or services cunai 

theless arrives at vastly different con- 

Denmark ranks highest among na- 
tions in the ability “to provide for the 
basic social and materia! needs of their 
citizens” in Mr. Estes’S survey, it is 
ranked 18th in the UN Human Devel- 
opment Index. 

Mr. Estes ranks the United States 27 
out of 1 60 countries, whereas foe Human 
Development Index places it fourth out 
of 175. 

According to Mr. Estes — who presen- 

Banking and government offices will 
be closed or services curtailed in the 

vakia turned out to be the country with Stowing countries and their depend 

i i ■ . m m J Annac vnic ix'oalr Kornnca r\F nitlcvnil am/ 

almost complete labor freedom. The 
workers were so satisfied they never 

* ‘The scope for error, both inadvertent 
and agenda driven, is vast in construct- 
ing human development indexes, be- 
cause at the bottom they pivot on ar- 
bitrary evaluations about which there is 
no universal consensus,” he said. 

encies this week because of national and 
religious holidays:. 

MONDAY: LMCtuenstrm. Macedonia. Malu. 
TUESDAY: Tajikistan. 

W EDN ESDAY : Belize. Gibraltar. 
THURSDAY : Chile. Ethiopia. Pakistan. 
FRIDAY: Israel. Mauritius. 

Sources: J.P. Morgan. 
Reuters. Bloomberg 

Malaysia’s was $4.4 billion, and the 
Philippines' was $2 billion. 

All four countries have relied heavily 
on foreign capital to bridge the deficit. 

Regional currency turmoil, sparked 
by Thailand’ s de facto devaluation of the 
baht on July 2, will worsen over the next 
few months as foe region’s central 
bankers struggle to manage newly flex- 
ible exchange rates and more skeletons 
emerge from foe macroeconomic closet, 
Robert Rountree, regional strategist at 
Nomura Research Institute, said. 

“Even if currency speculators leave, 
these regional economies are still re- 
cording current-account deficits into 
1998 that need to be financed.” he said, 
according to a Reuters report Sunday 
from Hong Kong. 

“Now foreign investors are painfully 
aware of that fact, any enthusiasm will 
be tempered until they see those current 
accounts move towards a balance, and 
preferably a surplus. Until now. little 
attention has been drawn to them, but 
currencies are always susceptible to 
pressure under those circumstances.” 

There is no hard evidence yet that 

foreign direct investment in such areas 
as manufacturing has fallen in Southeast 
Asia because of the shakeout on finan- 
cial markets, although some analysts 
said that a decline was likely. 

Trevor Rowe, chairman of Salomon 
Brothers' Asia-Pacific operations, said 
Sunday that U.S. mutual funds, which 
had provided the region with net new 
equity capital of $4 billion to $5 billion a 
year since 1992, were now pulling 
money out. 

Interviewed on Australia's Channel 9 
television in Sydney, Mr. Rowe said that 
the redemptions had “compounded the 
problem we see today because not only 
are we having currency instability and 
high interest rates, but the markets are 
becoming illiquid, and foal's one of the 
factors that has caused this volatility.” 

High interest rates were imposed bv 
Southeast Asian monetary authorities to 
try to prevent their currencies from fall- 
ing too quickly in value against foe dol- 
lar. But the high interest rares have 
curbed local investment in stoefe, as well 
as foe outlook for corporate earnings. As 
a result, on many occasions recently 
there have been far fewer buyers than 
sellers on the region's stock markets. 

Mr. Rowe said the countries most 
seriously affected would face a severe 
contraction in their previously high eco- 
nomic growth. Buf he added that they 
would have some control over how 
quickly they emerged from any down- 

“Whether there’s a recession, that 
will depend on how well they manage 
the process.” he said. In Mexico, for 

guerrillas near the port city of Sidon. It 
was the worst defeat for Israeli forces iff 
Lebanon in more than a decade. 

The unaccustomed loss has rekindled 
a fierce national debate over foe coring 
try’s Lebanon policy, with even some 
rightist politicians — such as Minister of 
Infrastructure Ariel Sharon — suggest- 
ing that Israel should consider a uni-; 
lateral withdrawal from the strip of south 
Lebanon it occupies as a buffer againsf 
attacks on northern Israel. " 

During her visit to foe region, Mrs. 
Albright is scheduled to meet in Dairri 
ascus with President Hafez Assad, who 
is seen as holding the key to a Lebanon 
settlement because of Syria’s support for 
Shiite Muslim guerrillas fighting to eject 
Israel from south Lebanon. 

But foe main focus of her trip is likely 
to be foe troubled Pales Ojxian-Israeli re- 
lationship. Cooperation between the two 
has been frozen since March, when Mr. 
Netanyahu decided to go ahead with a 
huge Jewish housing project ir. East Je- 
rusalem, over fierce Palestinian objec- 
tions. .. 

Since foe bombing. U.S. officials 
have made it clear that Mrs. Albright 
will concentrate on persuading Mr. Ara-: 
rat to improve cooperation in foe fight 
against terrorism, - 

That is likely to come as a disap- 
pomtmem to Mr. Arafat, who is seeking 
U.S. support for his view that Mr. Net- 
anyahu s hard-line policies have created ^ 
a dangerous atmosphere. 

■The mini-summit in Cairo endorsed 
foal view and allowed foe Arab leaders 
to present a united front in advance of 
Mrs. Albright’s visit. 

The leaders called on Israel to pre- 
serve that "spirit of peace” bv refrain- 
ing from settlement building, collective 
punishment and other activities they 
They also 



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A second opinion is aln avs smart. 

From a major German bank with international experience. 





An Unlikely Story , 

A Runaway Success 

Virtual Pet Beeps, Bothers — and Sells 

By Sheryl WitEXuuT 

Nrn-yor*-, TmnSgykr 

~ Aspiration came to 

iS£SL??S °? e w hen he was 
watetung a television commercial A 

boy wanted to take his pet turtle with 
{jjj? b** scolded 

to leave it at home. 
}jr: J?J 01 bought how nice it 
w^d be if people had pets that were 
more portable. The result was the 
Tamagotchi, a toy that has become a 
sensation around the world, with or- 
de ^s year alone of 70 million. 
oa J”® « m electronic 

gadget, half the size of a cigarette 
pack, that sounds something like a 
baby chick. It eats, sleeps, defecates 
gets cranky, and screeches — actually 
““P 3 — for attention. If the owner 
intervene electronically to 
coddle it or clean up its messes, the 
creature dies. 

The surprise was that people would 
pay good money — about $17, de- 
pending on die store and the country 
* 7 " to be bothered every few hours 
feeding and caring for a pet that exists 
only in a liquid crystal display. But 
Mr. Yokoi realized it would sell. 

“Pets are only cute 20 to 30 percent 
of the time, and the rest is a tot of 
trouble, a lot of work,” be said as he 
sat in his company’s tiny conference 
room with his pet fish, coral and 
turtles, whose rock-garden cage he 
was cleaning until 2 AM. the other 
day. ‘ ‘I wanted to incorporate this kind 
of idea into a toy, for pets these days 
are only considered cute. But I think 
that yon also start to love them when 
yoo take care of them. ” 

In New York, people lined up to buy 
the toy when it was introduced, and at 
many stores there were waiting lists to 
get it In fact, the Tamagotchi has 
become so popular that schoolteach- 

ers, camp counselors, employers and 
even some parents have banned it. so 
children and young workers excuse 
themselves to go to the bathroom so 
that they can tend surreptitiously ro 
theur beeping pets. 

But although the Tamagotchi was a 
rnt tins year, it was originally rejected 
by Japanese stores and even by sales- 
men at Bandai Co., which makes it. 

“Their reaction was dull — like. 

What’s so fiin about this?’ ” Aki 
Malta, a Bandai marketer who was on 
the team launching the toy. said about 
her company’s sales force. “In fact, 
we had difficulty marketing it to toy 
shops. Not all of them placed orders 
with us.” 

Mr. Yokoi, 42, a talkative, energetic 
man. who has not taken a vacation 
since development of the Tamagotchi 
began two years ago, has been dream- 
ing up toys for more than a decade in 
an overstuffed three-floor office in an 
old part of Tokyo. He owns and runs 
Wiz Co., which does nothing bur 
design toys for other companies to 
make. It employs 42 people, most of 
whom are under 25. 

The company has earned “several 
tens of millions of dollars’* from the 
Tamagotchi, he said, although it is 
unclear how much has gone to him 
personally. The success has meant that 
bankers, car salesmen and real estate 
agents all come knocking on his door. 
But although he dreamed up one of the 
great toy-marketing successes of the 
past few years, Mr. Yokoi seems to 
live pretty much as before. 

The only major new purchase Mr. 
Yokoi made was a larger tank for his 
pec fish. He hopes to find time to look 
fora new spacious home. But for now, 
he still commutes an hour each way ro 
the office by car from his old and boxy 
1,000-square-foot house in the nearby 
city of Chiba, a densely populated. 

Fumrro AuhnV V« lurk TW 

Akihiro Yokoi, creator of the Tamagotchi electronic pet, at his office 
in Tokyo. “Pets are only cute 20 to 30 percent of the time,” he says. 

working-class industrial sprawl. 

And that home is filled with, not 
surprisingly, pets — a dog, three cats, 
two parrots and several beetles and 
other insects. 

The conference room for entertain- 
ing guests is the ve/y one in which the 
Tamagotchi idea came to life. Mr. 

Yokoi and his colleagues were dis- 
cussing the idea and in 15 minutes one 
of his toy designers drew a sketch of a 
clumsy, blobhke pet in an eggshell 
that fit on top of a watch, which was 
the original setting for the toy. 

For lack of a better name, they 
called it Tamagotchi, which combines 
the Japanese word for egg, tomago. 
with die Japanese version of the Eng- 
lish word “watch.” 

When he first told his friends about 
the idea, most said it would not sell, for 
it was not really a game. Mr. Yokoi 
took the idea to his former company. 

Bandai, and approached some former 
colleagues who worked in the toy di- 

Bandai conducted sample surveys 

with pre-teenage girls, who have be- 
come the marketing pulse of the na- 
tion. They said they liked both the 
name and the somewhat shapeless 
sketch of the pet, and it quickly be- 
came a hit. 

“In this industry, the difference be- 
tween success and failure is as thin as 
a sheet of paper, and you can't really 
get it by aiming for it,” Mr. Yokoi 
said. “I had a lot of luck.’ ’ 

“If you sell 100,000 to 200,000 
toys, that’s a moderate success,” he 
said, describing the 1 industry stan- 
dards. “If you sell a million of the 
toys, it’s a big hit. With the Tamag- 
otchi, we’ve sold 10 million to 20 
million in Japan alone.” 

Then a beep went off and Mr. 
Yokoi’s assistant, Ruko Yamaki, 
pulled the company's next-generation 
pet out of her pockeL The Digital 
Monster needs to be fed and looked 
after, like the little chick, but it fights 
Other animals 

“This is going to be the next 
Tamagotchi,” she said. 

Currency Manipulation 
Should Be Outlawed, 
Malaysia Leader Urges 

♦44 I7l 420034? 

EU Calls on Rome to Open Italy’s Cellular Market 


CERNOBBIO, Italy — The Euro- 
pean Union’s competition commission- 
er, Karel Van Miert, said Sunday the 
Italian government must react “imme- 
diately” to introduce more competition 
into the cellular phone market, or face 
unspecified EU sanctions. 

“The conditions negotiated by the 
previous government have still not been 
delivered,” be said. “Unless this is cor- 
rected immediately, we’ll take action,” 
he said at a business conference. 

Mr. Van Miert said he would demand 
that Telecom Italia SpA speed up a 
refund of 60 billion lire ($33.9 million) 
in excessive charges paid by Qmnitel 
Tfalia pronto SpA, a cellular phone com- 
pany controlled by Olivetti SpA, for 

connection to Italy's national telephone 
system, the Italian business daily D 
Sole/24 Ore reported. 

Telecom Italia, which controls Om- 
nirel’s only competitor, Telecom Italia 
Mobile SpA, wffl have to extend Om- 
niiel’s Global System for Mobile Com- 
munications, or GSM, band frequency 
and pay the cellular phone company in- 
terest on the late refund, the report said. 

Mr. Van Mien said that time was 
running out for Italy to create the con- 
ditions for greater competition in fixed- 
line telephone services. “The goods 
have to be delivered by the end of the 
year,” he said, when the telecommu- 
nications industry across the EU is due to 
be fully opai to competition. If this does 
not happen, theEU will oppose any link- 

up between Telecom Italia and a foreign 

company, such as AT&T Cotp., Mr. Van 
Mien said, according to II Sole/24 Ore. 

Mannesmann AG of Germany and 
Olivetti joined forces Friday to chal- 
lenge Telecom Italia’s dominance of the 
Italian fixed-line telephone market. 
Mannesmann will buy in two stages a 
total 49.9 percent stake in OMTS, a new 
venture with Olivetti that includes the 
latter's mobile phone operator Omnitel 
Pronto Italia and the fixed-line venture 

But Carlo De Benedetti, the former 
chairman of Olivetti, said the company 
was vulnerable to a hostile takeover 
because of the high value of its tele- 
communications assets and its low mar- 
ket capitalization. 

* ‘There are two scenarios for Olivetti. 
It can remain a public company con- 
trolled by a group of important- share- 
holders, or it can be taken over by a 
telecommunications group,” he said. 
“If I were Mannesmann, I would have 
protected myself better at the bolding 
company level.” 

Mr. De Benedetti, who owns up ro 6 
percent of Olivetti, said he was “very 
satisfied” with the Mannesmann agree- 
ment, which paves the way for Olivetti *s 
transformation from a loss-making in- 
formation technology company id a tele- 
communications provider. Mr. De 
Benedetti cut his Olivetti stake after be 
resigned last year when it became ev- 
ident it would post its sixth consecutiv 
annual loss. ( Bloomberg, Reuters ) 

CcttpiM M iV SHjfFnvi Dis/xmtn 

KUALA LUMPUR — Prime Min- 
ister Mahathir bin Mohamad of Malay- 
sia urged the world community Sunday 
to outlaw currency manipulation — but 
not speculation — following recent 
plunges in Southeast Asian currency 

“Die world does not benefit from 
currency manipulation,* ’ be said at the 
annual congress of die country’s dom- 
inant ruling party. 

* ’ll is time that the international com- 
munity stop it, make it illegal, so that 
countries like Malaysia and other 
emerging economies will be safe.” 

Deputy Prime Minister Korn Dab- 
baransi of Thailand reportedly said Sun- 
day that finance ministers from the As- 
sociation of South East Asian Nations, 
or ASEAN, would take a common stand 
on regional currencies at the annual 
meetings of the International Monetary 
Fund and the World Bank in Hong Kong 
this month. 

_ The Bemama news agency said Mr. 
Korn disclosed the plan after meeting 
with Deputy Prime Minister Anwar 
Ibrahim of Malaysia, who also is his 
country’s finance minister. 

‘ ‘We will have our own meeting first 
in Bangkok and take a stand on the 
currency issue. We will decide on 
ASEAN’s position,” Mr. Kom was 
quoted as saying. 

Thailand is to host a meeting of Asian 
and European finance ministers on Sept 
18 and 19 in Bangkok. The ministers 
will that fly to Hong Kong for the IMF- 
World Bank annual gathering, which 
brings together finance ministers and 
central-bank governors from around the 

Mr. Mahathir’s appeal also coincided 
with a call from a framer Malaysian 
finance ministry official, Ramon Nav- 
aratnam, for the IMF to “accept re- 
sponsibility to solve the problems of 
currency attacks” by using its reserves 
and special drawing rights to “monitor, 
alert and ward off” such problems. 

The Malaysian currency, the ringgit, 
has tumbled as much as 20 percent over 
die past two months amid heavy selling 
of regional currencies after Thailand’s 
decision in July to float the baht, which 
has declined even more steeply. The 
Indonesian and Philippine currencies 
also have been hit hard. 

But Mr. Anwar said Sunday that the 
drop in the ringgit had nor undermined 
the country's economic fundamentals, 
and that growth would still top 8 percent 
this year “even with the attack on our 
economy and the attack of conspirators 
from outside.” 

Malaysia’s gross domestic product 
has expanded ar an average of more than 
8 percent for the past nine years, and the 
government has forecast the same pace 
of growth for 1997. 

But economists have said that a slow- 
down is almost certain, especially after 
the sharp sell-off by foreign investors in 
the country’s currency and stock mar- 

kets since early July. 

Mr. Mahaihir met Saturday with for- 
eign fund managers to try to ease some 
of their concerns. The prime minister 
declined to identify the managers, but he 
stressed that his meeting was with “se- 
rious investors” and not the alleged 
“manipulators" behind the recent tur- 
moil. The prime minister has called the 
financier George Soros a “moron” and 
accused foreign speculators of being 
“wild beasts” and “racists” for dump- 
ing Malaysian shares and currency. 

In calling Sunday for a ban .on cur- 
rency manipulation! he said other coun- 
tries ' ‘should rake into consideration the 
problems of poor couniries like us. If 
one system is abused blatantly, it should 
be stopped legally.” 

“Malaysia believes world markets 
should be open to speculation but not 
manipulation,” he said, adding that the 
latter “does not create jobs or create 
goods.” I AFP. Reuters) 

Sime Darby 
Wary About 
Future Profit 

CciHftkil bv iv Stuff- Fnni Diqvabn 

KUALA LUMPUR — Sime Darby 
Bhd., the biggest conglomerate in 
Malaysia, posted record profit for the 
year to June 30. but warned the feat 
would be difficult to repeat in the wake 
of Southeast Asia’s currency and stock 
market turmoil. 

“Given that most of our operations 
are in Malaysia and Southeast Asia, it’ll 
be hard to achieve our growth rate,” 
said Chief Executive Nik Mohamed 
Yaacob on Saturday. “We'll be work- 
ing very bard. We don't want to be 
responsible for breaking our tenth year 
of record profits.” 

Sime posted a pretax profit of 1.68 
billion ringgit ($573.4 million ) fra the 
year, up 26 percent from a year ago. 

Sime Darby said its sales grew 23 
percent, to 13.2 billion ringgit, while 
earnings were lifted by its banking di- 
vision, Sime Bank Bhd., which con- 
tributed 507.5 million ringgit to pretax 

The company, which has manufac- 
turing, finance, 'plantation and other ac- 
tivities on five continents, said oper- 
ating profit grew 25 percent, to 1.42 
billion ringgit 

Mr. Nik Mohamed said two subsi- 
diaries — the industrial equipment and 
auto firm Malaysia Holdings Bhd. and 
the tire manufacturer DM3B Bhd, — 
could be affected by the Malaysia cur- 
rency’s decline. 

Malaysia's ringgit has fallen 18 per- 
cent against the dollar since July 10, 
dropping to a 26-year low last week. 

(Reuters, AFP. Bloomberg I 

Record Labels Put New Music on Sale on Net 



. i. 



■ * Tf 



' LOS ANGELES — In an- 
other example of the music 
industry's growing link with 
technology, Capitol Records 
on Monday will announce 
plans to sell a song directly to 
customers on-line before of- 
fering it in retail stores. 

“We’ll be selling Duran 
Duran’s single ‘Electric Bar- 
barella’ as a promotional ef- 
fort to increase awareness of 
the upcoming album 
•Medazzsdand,' ’’ said Robin 
A Bechtel, senior director for 

< new media at Capitol, which is 

owned by EMI Group EEC. 

Capitol collaborated in the 
project with the Redwood 
City, Califo rnia-based Liquid 
Audio Inc., which provides 
software for encryption, 
copyright and tracking of roy- 

alties for on-line songs. 

“We’re taking with other 
labels, and we anticipate other 
labels will adopt the technol- 
ogy for Internet promotion and 
sales of singles,” said Scott 
Burnett, vice president of mar- 
keting for liquid Audio. 

America Online Inc., the 
Internet access provider, is 
also teaming up with Liquid 
Audio to begin selling down- 
loadable music next week 
through a Web site, the Los 
Angeles Tunes reported Sat- 

• ‘liquid Audio solved a lot 
of problems and turned the 
Web into a vital means of 
distribution by offering good 
sound quality while protect- 
intellectual property,” 
Bechtel of Capitol said. 
Other labels, such Sony 


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Masic and Time Warner 
Inc.’s Warner Music have 
laanched on-line ventures 
where consumers can order 
albums to be shipped through 
the mail 

But Capitol is the first of 
the six major labels world- 
wide to sell a CD-quality 
single first on the Internet. 
Customers will pay a fee to 
digitally download the sang 
on their computers. 

Capitol will charge 99 
cents for a download of tire 
single and $1.99 for an In- 
temet-only version. The 
single will go oa sale on-line 
Tuesday, a month before it 
hits retail stores. 

Major labels have been 
hesitant to sell directly on the 
Internet for fear of alienating 

* ‘You have to be careful of 
protecting the retail relation- 
ship,” one record company 
executive said. 

But Capitol sees digital 
downloading as incremental 
to traditional retail. 

“We don’t see this as 
threatening, and we are work- 
ing with retailers who are par- 
ticipating with this promo- 
tion,” Ms. Bechtel said. She 
said Capitol would offer links 
to on-line retailers such as 
CDNow, N2K’s Music 
Boulevard and Tower Re- 
cords’ Tower Online. 

Many industry analysis 
said labels had been slow to 
jump on the bandwagon be- 
cau« *e on-line market is 
negligible since most people 
prefer shopping for records ai 
a store. 

Also, customers need to 
have sound cards on their 
computers and the appropri- 
ate. software. 

• - Right now, the on-line re- 
tailinfl business is a relative 
drop in *e bucket, ^ 
Bruce Haring, author of Off 
The Charts.” a book about 
the music industry. 

-‘But as soon as consumers 

can easily download songs and 
enjoy them in a quality fidel- 
ity. we’re going to see things 
change,” Mr. Haring said. 

Analysts estimate that the 
on-line music market could 
expand to about $500 million 
a year in sales by 2000 from 
about $47 million in 1997. 

“It’s a way to reach those 
consumers who don’t have 


time to get to die music 
store,” Ms. Bechtel said. 

Depending on a person’s 
modem speed or bandwidth, 
an on-line customer could 
download the Duran Duran 
single, which is a Little longer 
than three minutes, in any 
time between under a minute 
to up to 15 minutes, Ms. 
Bechtel said. 

While Capitol is the first 
record label to sell a digital 
downloaded single, the on- 
line retailer N2K Music, 
which is based in New York, 
has been doing this since July. 
N2K also used Liquid Au- 
dio’s technology. 

liquid Audio assigns a 
one-to-one relationship of the 
digital music file to tne con- 
sumer. “We actually encrypt 
due digital file, which forbids 
the consumer to pirate or dis- 
tribute the music,” Mr. Bur- 
nett said. 

Ms. Bechtel said Capitol 
planned to offer six more 
singles in the same way. 

■ Screen for Cell Phone 

A thimble- sized display 
screen planned for Motorola 
lnc.’s cellular phones takes 
downsizing to new heights. 
The Associated Press report- 
ed from Boston. 

After 12 years and $100 
million in the making, Cy- 
berDisplay will enable callers 
to get a full page of electronic 
mail, or view a Web site, 
without lugging around a 
laptop computer. 

Motorola plans to begin at- 
taching the screen to phones, 
pagers and other products by 
. It w 

next year. It was de- 
veloped by Kopin Corp. 

Several analysts said the 
tiny screen’s high quality, 
low cost and miserly power 
consumption could inspire in- 
ventors to use it fra a wide 
range of other applications . 

But, as with everything in 
the budding field of portable 
computing, iris unclear how 
many people will actually 
buy the “smart phones” — 
wireless phones that allow 
people to access address 
books, die Internet and other 
digital data 

The device, which looks 
like the viewfinder on a video 
camera, is built around a li- 
quid crystal display screen 
slightly larger than a grain of 
rice — 0.28 inch (0.71 cen- 
timeter) in diameter. 

Looking through die view- 
finder from a few inches 
away, a user sees an image 
equivalent to one oit a much 
larger screen. A full-page fax 
or e-mail message is readable, 
as is a graphics-rich Web 

“It’s not bad at all,” said 
Diana Hwang, a senior in- 
dustry analyst with Interna- 
tional Data Corp. of Mas- 
sachusetts, who has seen the 

Someone can simulta- 
neously talk on a phone at- 
tached to the device and read 
an incoming fax, she said. 

Ms. Hwang said Intrana- 
tional Data projected strong 
growth in die demand for 
smart phones. 

The estimated 577,000 
smart phones sold around the 
world this year will grow to 
8.8 million units in the year 
2002, she said. 

Internet address r Cyber* 

Recent technology articles: 
www.iht.coml IHTfJECHI 


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PAGE 16 


Fear of Robust Data to Cool Securities 

Bridge New s 

NEW YORK — After a batch of 
relatively strong economic statistics, 
fears 'that retail sales data for August, 
due Friday, will exhibit more of the 
same robust growth should keep 
Treasury bond prices from going 
much higher this week. 

Traders also worry that rising energy 
prices will inflate producer and con- 
sumer price indexes for August, which 
will be released this week and n®* 1 - 

The vield on the benchmark 30- 
year Treasury bond finished last week 
at 6.64 percent, up from 6.61 percent 
the previous week. 

Traders and investors have had to 
remake their views of the U.S. econ- 
omy after the government said Aug. 
29 that gross domestic product grew at 
a 3.6 percent annual rate in the second 

quarter. GDP grew at a4.9 percent rate 
in the first three months of the year. 

The persistent strength has in- 
creased investors’ concerns that the 
Federal Reserve Board may raise in- 
terest rates this year, although the wor- 


~ . . Europe Bonds Play Waiting Game 

™ UrltieS Divergent Fmvs on Interest Rotes Keep Buyers on Sidelines 

* m 


ries are centered on a November in- 
crease rather than a move this month, 

“The thing that bothers me the 
most is the economy.” said Hugh 
Whelan, a vice president in the fixed- 
income group at Aeltus Investment 
Management. “I think, it is on fire at 
this point.” He said that if the second 
quarter was .slowdown — and it was 
not much of a slowdown — the third 
quarter was a bounce-back. 

Some analysis say the currency 

crisis in Southeast Asia may dampen 
growth there, with the weakness spill- 
ing over into the U.S. economy by 
slowing exports to the region. But Mr. 
Whelan said he was uncomfortable 
depending on the situation in South- 
east Asia to rescue the bond market. 

"People assume a slowing impact, 
but there are no real numbers.” he 
said. “And we do have real numbers 
that things are hot here.” 

Jeff Schoenfeld of Brown Brother 
Harriman. also questioned whether an 
Asian slowdown would cap export 

Strong auto sales reported last week 
have raised anxiety about die retail 
sales report for August. Traders said 
the Fed justified its rate increase in 
March with a reference to the strength 
of consumer spending. 

By Carl Gewirtz 

Imenmutikil Herald Tribune 

auon on where mtere_strates_nreh«ded. 

PARIS — The summer vacation may 
be over, but investors — institutional as 
well as retail — are in no hurry to rush 
back into business. Their timidity is 
caused by worries about official interest 
rates, whose movements drive prices in 
bond and currency markets. 

At present there is an unusual ca- 
cophony of views on whether rates are 
headed higher. 

Although many analysts insist that 

centage point this year, followed b> a a forecast nervous “rang e-trad- 
rise of another 125 percentage points in “gS* and bonds. The only 

the first half of next year. Mention is the yen. which is widely 

the first half of next year. 

In contrast, Brendan Brown at 
Tokyo-Mitsubishi International said 
that “the next major move in core Euro- 

e m x !e P tio~^. which is widely 

f0 ^rdo 0 J^SFndayinN=wY 0 4 

at 121.125 yen. and Jesper Koll al J.P. 

stronger-than-expected growth in the 
United States will soon force the Federal 

Most Active International Bends 

’ The 250 motf active international bonds traded 
\ through the Eurodear system for the week end- 
ing Sept. 5. Prices supplied by Tefekurs. 

Cpn Maturity Price 

Cpn Maturity Price Yield 

cpn Maturity Price Yield 

Argentine Peso 

114 Argentina a** 12/1K98 100.7645 8.6800 

Austrian Schilling 

203 Austria 
219 Austria 

did! 05/23/02 98.9000 4.6800 
J^s 07/15/07 99JOOO 55600- 

Belgian Franc 

206 Belgium 7 

04/29,79 1043600 &.69O0 

British Pound 

1 29 Abbey Not/ TS 6 OaTO/99 97.5000 6.1500 

163 Britain 9 V; 1045/04 1133940 B3400 

197 World Bank o.lO 03/17/00 97.8750 6.2300 

224 Fin Res Housg 8J56P 09/30/50 1 37.7500 6.0800 

Canadian Dollar 

06/01/07 109.1000 63500 

79 Germany 
83 Germany 
87 Germany SP 
66 Treuhand 
89 Germany 
93 Germany 
95 Germany 
98 Germany 
102 Germany 
I 06 Germany 
10? Treuhand 
IQS Germany 
109 Treuhand 
ill Germany 
113 Treuhand 

122 Germany 

123 Treuhand 
126 Germany 
132 Treuhand 
136 Germany FRN 
139 Germany 

144 Treuhand 
148 Germany 
1 50 Germany 
1 55 Germany 
157 Germany 
165 Belgium 
167 Germany 
169 Germany 

7 01/13/00 106-2300 6-5900 
64. 07/15/04 108.1100 64400 
zero 01/04/24 18.0000 6.7200 

5 12/17/98 101-5200 4.9300 
51* 02/22/9 9 1023200 5.2600 
5U. 02/21,-01 102.1983 5.1400 

6 02/20/98 101. 1500 5.9300 
815 08/21/00 111.0600 7.6500 
8*> 05/21/01 112-4750 7-4500 
8*j 05/22/00 111.1000 7.8800 
S 01,14/99 1013700 4.9200 

67* 12/02/98 103.7500 6.6300 
6'» 06125/98 ICQ. 0300 6.0000 
.6'/* 05/20/99 103.6200 5.9100 

6 >* 03/26/98 101-4800 64400 
514 02/25/98 100.9400 5-2000 
5*. 08/20/98 102.0695 545300 

09/24/98 1023100 53100 
8U 07/2QV0 111-5200 7.8500 
6k, 03/04/04 1053600 5.9300 
2.95 04/06/00 99.7200 2.9600 
64* 01/20/98 101.7800 6-5500 
6'- 07/29/99 104.0500 6.0100 

7 09/20/99 105.6800 6.6200 

6V. 06/21/99 104.8582 6.4400 
6V 01/02/99 103.4500 6.2SOO 

7 12/22/97 101.0500 6.9300 
zero 10/22/97 98.9909 7.8500 
SU. 0528/99 102.9900 53800 
7V. 02/21/00 108.0400 7.1700 

151 Spam 
154 World Bank 

158 World Bank 

159 Japan Dev 8k 

3.10 09/20/06 106.6250 2.9100 
51s. 03/20/02 1 17.1250 4.4800 
4 Vs 03/20/03 1152500 3.9000 
61} 09/20/01 7203000 5.39 00 

lB7ExlmBk Japan .2** 07/28AJ5 105.8750 2.7200 

196 World Bank 
222 Mitsubishi Fin 
238 Italy Class B 
248 World Bank 

415 06/20/00 1093750 4.1000 
135 OSAO/99 701.2416 13300 
5 12/15/04 1193750 4.1900 

44t 1 2/20614 1192500 3.9800 

United States will soon force the Federal 
Reserve Board to raise rates, die .Fed 
chairman, .Alan Greenspan, indicated in 
a speech late Friday that there was no 
pressing need to act. Price stability, he 
said, may be “on die horizon,” because 
of productivity gains that are under- 
stated in official statistics. 

. In Europe, the debate is no. less in- 
tense about the intentions of the 
Bundesbank. George Magnus, an ana- 
lyst at UBS, said he expected “no shift 
in monetary policy this year,” while 
Scuart Thomson at Banque Indosuez 
said the German' central bank would 
raise rates by at least a quarter per- 

Japan in the IS 
for the world 

increases in German ra tes m ®e near ^ othereslo fAsiainthewal«of 
term to ensure that inflation remains in ibe region, 

below 2 percent. . cu £“ ' nalvsts warned that there was 

But elaborating on his long-held view Bu > ^ after tfa e ■ 

that Europe's large current-account sur- hk of the Group of Seven 

plus will ensure that the earo, the future Sp. - ^ and centra i bankers in 

common currency, will be strong, he _ 

now projects that Emope's agin g po^ Hc ?S ^’activity in the international, J 
ulanon, raced with future cutbacks in A slow l0 ^ 0 ff, f , 
srate retirement plans, will massively gP™. „ a ^ calendar taM- ■' 

” § *e future will look like ing, In the final tptti ** ‘ «“■“*** 
1980s, a supplier of capital bdhon in existing bo 
Id economy?' Mr. Brown That is a recori far ou g 

mates a savin®, surolus in previous high of $72 billion set m me 



increase savings. 

“Europe in the future will look like 
Japan in the 1980s, a supplier of capital 

billion, which he thinks will keep in- 
terest rates within the area low. This 
compares to w hat he estimated would be 
a S100 billion surplus in Japan and a 
deficit in the United States “of over 
S200 billion.’* 

In the meantime, pending clarific- 

lssues. , , , ‘ 

Bankers also reported only lukewarm - 
investor interest in fixed-rate paper and 
a greater preference for floating-rate 
notes, which offer greater protection 
against a rise in interest rates. 

Spanish Peseta 

92 Spain 
171 Spain 

7.90 02/28/02 109.2750 70300 
(At IWlSm 1033340 63000 

The Dollar Heads for a Bullish Week 

Swedish Krona 

82 Sweden 
231 Sweden 1037 
237 Sweden 1036 

U 01/21/99 107-8730 102000 
8 08/1 S/07 110.2456 72600 
70V. 0VO5/W 111.7520 9.1700 

(J.S. Dollar 

Danish Krone 

173 Cop Credit Cord 54* 0015/01 102-5375 5.4900 

8 Denmark 

14 Denmark 

19 Denmark 

20 Denmark 
23 Denmark 
28 Denmark 
36 Denmark 
39 Denmark 
43 Denmark 
60 Denmark 

71 Nykredil 3 Cs 
75 Real Kredit 
99 Denmark 
100 Nykredil 
161 Denmaik 
170 Nykredil Bank 

03/1506 112.6200 7.1000 
1 1/1 5/07 105.5400 66300 
11,15/01 110.5800 7Q300 
11/15/98 105.3500 85400 
1 2-15/04 1066500 65600 
1210/99 102.9300 55300 
11/10/24 100.6100 6.9600 
11/15/00 111.7800 8.0500 
05,15/03 112.1100 7.U00 
11/15:02 103.1700 5.8200 
10/01/26 91 5000 65500 
10/01/2 6 91.4000 6 5600 
02,15,98 101.3000 6.9100 
10/01/39 965000 75800 
02/15/99 1025000 5.8700 
10/01/26 97.9000 7.1500 

■174 Germany 67* 02/24/99 1045300 66000 

184 Germany 63* 05/20,98 102.0100 65500 

188 Germany FRN 2-871 09/30/04 99.2100 25900 

193 Gtlbank CCMT 5%, 07,16/07 1006062 5.7300 

204 Italy Ski 07/10/07 99.3100 5.7900 

205 Treuhand ■ 7 11.0 5/9? 1060400 6.6000 

208 Germany SP zero 01/04/07 58.7000 5.8500 

210 Credit Local 5.15 12TO4/00 1 00.3556 5.1300 

2)8 Germany 63* 08/14/98 102-5400 65200 

204 Italy 

205 Treuhand 
208 Germany SP 
210 Credit Local 
218 Germany 

240 German Slates 

01/29/07 101.6000 5.9100 

63 Brazil FRN 
74 Mexico 
77 Russia 
80 Mexico 

Dutch Guilder 

Deutsche Mark 

1 Germany 

2 Germany 

3 Germany 
5 Germany 
7 Germany 
9 Germany 

10 Germany 

11 Treuhand 

6 07/04 07 102.0135 55800 
6 01/04/07 1026200 5.8600 
8 01/21/02 1)25000 7.7100 
4'^ 05/17/02 98.7775 45600 
3 1 : 06.18-99 995400 15300 
6b 07/04/27 101.7533 65900 
8 07/2202 113.1865 7.0700 

7<; 09/09/04 1123200 6.6B00 

21 Netherlands 
46 Netherlands 

84 Netherlands 

85 Netherlands 
90 Netherlands 
96 Netherionds 
105 Netherlands 

115 Netherlands 

116 Netherlands 
12! Netherlands 
127 Netherlands 
133 Netherlands 
1 38 Netherlands 
Ul Netherionds 

SL, 02/15)07 100.9000 5.7000 
6'u 07/15/96 102.0500 6.1200 
7b 07/1 5/23 115.1500 6-5100 
8*i 06*15/02 114.0000 75400 
6t> 07/15/9 8 1025000 6.3600 
5V 09,15,02 1034000 5.5600 
71-s 06,15,79 105.7000 7.1000 

6 01.15-06 1035000 5.6100 
T/i 04.15/10 1145000 65300 
SU 01,15/04 1 02.9000 5.5900 
8'6 03,15.01 112.3000 7S700 
9 0115/01 113.4000 7.9400 

7 06/15/05 109.7500 65800 
6 14 02/1 S/99 103.7200 6.5100 
7 03,15/79 1045500 6.7100 
8b 06/01 ,06 1 20.1 500 7.0700 

T42 Netherlands SP zero 0T/1S/23 119000 6.'7*w 

13 Germany 

15 Germany 

16 Germany w 

17 Treuhand 

18 Germany 
22 Germany 

26 Germany 

27 Germany 
29 Germany 
32 Germany 

34 Germany 

35 Germany 
38 Germany 

40 Treuhand 

41 Germany 

42 Treuhand 

44 Germany 

45 Germany 

49 Treuhand 

50 Germany 

51 Treuhand 

52 Germany 

53 Germany 

54 Germany 

55 Germany 

56 Treuhand 

57 Germany 

58 Germany 

61 Germany 

62 Germany 

64 Germany 

65 Germany 

66 Germany 

67 Treuhand 

68 Germany 

69 Germany 

70 Treuhand 

72 Germany 5 P 

73 Treuhand 
76 Germany 
78 Germany 

04/26.-06 104.3683 5.9900 
6»» 05/12/05 108.4377 65400 
6't 01/04724 98.7300 6.3300 
71* 1272/02 108.8805 6.7700 
6b 10/14/05 106.1217 6.1300 
3 ; " 03-1*79 **8500 3.7600 

5 08/20,-01 1015800 4.9400 
8’. 12W00 112.9900 7.8500 
73* 01/03/05 109.3030 6.7500 

6 01 B5/06 102.7800 5.3400 
3b 091478 99.8600 3.5000 
6*7 07A3/03 106.7400 6.0900 
6b 0315,-00 1053522 6.1700 
7 i 01/29/03 1093450 63000 
4 3 u 11/2001 98.0095 4.8500 
7b 10/01/02 112.0500 6.9200 

5 05/21,01 101.3850 4.9300 
8': 02/70/01 1125400 75700 
(■’•> 0411,03 10E4900 6.3400 

6 k 08/20/01 114-5100 7.6400 
6 s * 07'094 73 1072900 6.1700 

9 10/20/00 112.90 7.9700 

6% 0915,79 1055600 6.4100 
8'. 09/20/01 1 12.6300 7.3200 
57* 05/15/00 1 03.9200 5.6500 
6b 04,73/03 106.7150 6.0900 
6 09,1 5/03 102-3404 5.8600 

6 021 6/06 98.9874 6.0600 
T/t 10/21,02 109.9500 6.5900 
Sk 08/22/00 103.7000 55400 
9 01/22,71 1 1 3-5900 7.9200 
5b 11/21/00 998271 5.1300 
77- I T/T 1/04 110.1767 6.8100 
6V» 07/01,79 104.1300 6.1200 
3b 1218/98 99.7200 3.5100 
6/a 04/22,03 107.9900 6 5500 
bit 05/13/04 107.9133 6 5600 
zero 07/04/27 14.3200 6.7300 
6 1112-03 104.1800 5.7600 

6 06/20,16 975200 6.1300 
7b 12/20/02 109.6162 63000 

172 Netherlands 

178 Netherlands 

1 79 Netherlands 
191 Netherlands 
195 Netherlands 

212 Netherlands 

213 Netherionds 
215 Netherlands 
221 Nefheriands 
233 Netherlands 

235 Netherionds 

236 Netherionds 

05/01/00 no 7000 7.9000 
6W 0415/03 106.B500 6.0800 
7/ i 0 1,151)0 I07-5500 75100 
9 051 5/00 111 -5000 8.0700 

7 0215.03 109.1500 6.4100 
6^ 1115,05 I OS. 1000 65400 
9 07/01 ,00 111.9000 8.CU00 
P* 03-0 1,1)5 1145300 6.7800 
8*i 0915/01 U4J000 7.6500 
7b 11.15/99 106.7500 7.0300 
Bb 0215/00 108.9000 7.5800 
6' : 01.15-99 103.2400 6.3000 

4 Argentina par L SVi 03/31/23 74.3494 74000 

6 Brazil Cap S.L 4'A 041514 92.5033 4X600 

24 Mexico 11 V? 0515/26 1194652 9X300 

25 Brazil L FRN 6** .04/1506 91.6146 7-5000 

30 Argentina FRN 6 la 03/29/05 925761 7.3200 

31 Brazil 10V* 051527 98.0357 105300 

33 Argentina 11=H 01/301 7 117.7749 9.6600 

37 Mexico 6U> 12/3119 835387 75100 

47 Brazil par Zl 5W 0415/24 70.3750 75600 

48 Venezuela FRN 6* 121 8/07 93.8800 7.1900 

59 Venezuela par A 616 03/31/20 83.4338 8.0900 

63 Brazil FRN 6*Vi» 01/01.4)1 99.1875 6.8700 

74 Mexico 6*4 12/3119 805590 7.7600 

77 Russia 10 04264)7 102.6481 9.7400 

80 Mexico 9 7 -« 01154)7 106.1762 9.3000 

81 Venezuela par B 6k, 03/31/20 83.5999 *0700 

86 Brazil S.ZJ FRN 6 T -I 04/1524 86.1300 7.9B00 

91 Brazil S3. FRN 6*-* 04154)9 884421 7.8400 

94 Argentina FRN 67« 03,3123 90.8120 7.5700 

97 Brazil S.L FRN 6*’+ 041512 82.4600 84100 

101 Bulgaria FRN 6"-i» 07/2811 77.4670 8.6300 

103 Toyota Motor 6b 07/22/02 99.0113 63 100 

110 Mexico A FRN 6.867 12/3119 94.7294 75500 

119Commerz0kfrn 5594 01/29, D1 995600 54200 

124 Ecuador FP.N b*. ‘* 02/2815 725697 *5500 

125 Lehman Brofffl 6.023 09/03/02 99.7500 6.0400 

128 Bulgaria FRN 6". » 07/2824 78.9370 8.4700 
lJQMydta FRN 6^» 09.1)9/07 88.1791 7.4400 

134 Kellogg 6^* WUd-Ol 995000 6.1600 

135ltaty 6-e (W/27.23 965169 7.1500 

140BCO Cam Ext. 7b 02.-02^4 934000 7.7500 

143 Mexico D FRN 61« 122819 945000 75300 

145Vat1enfall zero 08,05-98 94.B544 54900 

146 Peru Pdl 4 03^)7,17 65.6558 6.0900 

147 Bulgaria 2'i 07/28,12 625574 3.6000 

149 Mexico lU* 0915/16 H65500 9.7800 

1 52 BT Secs FRN 5.781 08/06TO0 99.7800 5.7900 

156 Ecuador par 3b 02/2825 52.5000 64700 

BltHxnherg News 

NEW YORK — The dollar is ex- 
pected to rise againsi other major cur- 
rencies this week as signs of U.S. eco- 
nomic vigor and lingering Asian turmoil 
outweigh concern over a German in- 
terest-rate rise and looming U.S.-Japan 
trade tension. 

An August jobs report on Friday and 
other recent figures showed the U.S. 
economy continues to grow while in- 
flation remains muted, a climate that 
will keep luring global investors to U.S. 
assets and the dollars needed to pay for 
them, traders said. 

•Tm bullish on the dollar." said El- 
lion Dix. chief currency trader at Signet 
Bank in Richmond, Virginia. ‘ ‘The U.S. 
economy is strong. scT the dollar will 
continue to be boughL’* 

The dollar closed at 1.8035 Deutsche 
marks Friday in New York, down from 
1.8175 DM on Thursday. 

Those losses rounded out a week that 
saw the dollar lose 0.25 percent of its 
value a gains t the German currency, buf- 
feted by conflicting signals over wheth- 
er the Bundesbank is likely to raise 
lending rates soon. 

Traders now are taming their attention 
to reports on U.S. August producer prices 
and retail sales due Late this week for 
si gns on whether inflati on is still under 
wraps. Added signs of U.S. health will 
help lift tfae dollar further, traders said. 

The turmoil in Southeast Asian 
stocks, bonds and currencies will take a 
toll on the Japanese economy and con- 
tribute to further yen weakness, analysts 

Tumbling currencies and slowing 
economies throughout the region could 
crimp Japanese exports and make it v 
harder for companies in the region to 
repay billions in debt owed to Japanese 
banks. That would be bad news for 
Japan ’s export-led recovery from a five- 
year economic slump. 

But potentially weighing on the dol- 
lar will be the continuing speculation 
thar German interest rates may rise be- 
fore long. Swiss National Bank Pres- 
ident Hans Meyer kindled that concern 
last week by suggesting Swiss interest 
rates may head higher. 

His comments, coupled with recent 
signs that Germany's economy is im- 
proving, were enough to keep alive talk 
that the Bundesbank may lift rates down 
the road. 

•- wM 

• 4*. 


■* A 
r H-ffrtii 

7 *i 

New International Bend Issues 

Compiled by Laurence Desvilettes 

UQMydta FRN 

134 Kellogg 

135 Italy 

l40Bco Cam Ext. 
143 Mexico D FRN 

145 Vattenfall 

146 Peru Pdl 

147 Bulgaria 
149 Mexico 

152 BT Secs FRN 
156 Ecuador par 



Floating Rate Notes 



0.15 99 £1 
0.30 99.63 

— Qvw 3-nttiiBti Libor. Nancoflabla. Fees 055*^. Dcno f iUnationaaiaQOQ. (Gold man Sachs InMj 

■Air Fran,- 

Over S^nordh Libor. Callable at par In 2001 . Fees 035%. Denominations It GOOO. (Bear Steams 

162 Argentina FRN 5.641 04/01/01 116.0320 43600 Fuji R nance 

164 World Bank 
166 Brazil 
168 Bays rise lie LB 
175 TorOom Bkfm 
177 Argentina 
180 Nigeria FRN 
183 Ontario 

V* 01/2116 128.3750 75900 
8 Vs 11/05-01 1010000 8.6200 
6S* 06/25/07 99.9125 6 jS 300 
5.66 09/03 99 99.9100 5.6700 
8li 05-09.02 101.3167 8.6400 
5.092 01/05.10 56.1267 9.0700 

perpt o.8o ioaoo — 

Imerest will be O.BO ewer 6-mortti Ubarurrrfl 2002, when Issue is callable at par. IhmallwUO 
over. Fees 0J5RL (Salomon Brothecs InMO 

KooKinin Bank 

Over3^noath Lbor. Reoffered at 99.9S. Redeemable andadkriHeal porln 1998. Fees 0085%. 
Oensminatans 5250000. (ABN -AMRO Hoore Gcmtt.l 

117 France OAT 5ii 04^5/07 97.0000 5.6700 

120 France B.TJV.N. 4b 07,12/02 97.1000 4.6300 

131 France OAT 
160 Britain 
185 France OAT 
2U France BTAN 
220 France OAT 
242 Britain T-bllls 
245 France B.TAN. 

6 04/25/04 102.7000 5.8400 

4 01/28/00 98.2375 4-0700 

7V I 04/25/05 111.0600 6.7500 

5 03/1699 100.7000 4.9700 
8<m 04/25/22 119.3600 6.9100 
zero 09/11/97 99 2496 34.6800 

6 031601 103.5000 5.BOOO 

zero 0628, 98 93.6691 6 8800 
6' s 07.15-02 99.1250 6.1800 

Finnish Markka 

183 Ontario 6 02,-21 U6 95.3942 65900 

186 Christiana Bkfm 5*4 07/1500 99.7700 5.7600 

189 SEK zero 05-28,98 93.6691 6 8800 

190 Canada 6's 07/15-02 99.1250 6.1800 

192Pononra FRN 4 071 716 90.12BD 4 MOO 

194 Italy FRN 5 J94 051202 99^800 5.6000 

198 EdF 6S* 100.6250 6.5800 

)99MexfcaCFRN 622 J2G1T9 94.2000 7.2400 

200 Poland Inter 4 10/27.14 38.9TO 4.5000 

201 Finland 6k, 11,74.-97 100.1250 6.7400 

202 Ecuador FRN 6*-» 02,75 -25 77.6900 8.6100 

207Conada FRN S' - 0210/99 99.8200 5^100 

209 Argentina 87* 1270,03 995569 8^900 

211 SEK 6.01 Q6A9/00 992500 6M00 

216 Korea Dev Bank 7' - 0515,-06 99.8634 7/2600 

217 Brazil 6 091 513 79.3500 7-5600 

223IADB 64* 03/07/07 1002500 65100 

225 Ml FRN 6J04 03/28,09 99.8540 62100 

MBNA Master Credit Card 
Trust 2 

0.12 700.00 

Over l-raartfi Ub or. Noncoltatrte. Fees 0.35%. (Lehman Brothers fnft) 

Meridian Funding Co. 
Santander Inti" ~ 

s 99.90 - 

libor 1C0JJ74 — 

•— CrerS^runttiUbar-Catobleotpartti 1998. Fees 020%. (Menffl Lynch Inft) 

interest srni be the 3-month Libor. NonooBoWe. Fungible wtth outstanding Issue, raidng total 
amount to 5750 mfflon. Fees 0JD%. (Morgan Stanley Inti J 



Interest vriti be 0375 over 3-month Libor uatfl 2004 when issue is callable at par. ttwreofler l** 
c-,er. Fees 056%. UP. MrHganSecurttiBj . . 

Irish Permanent Treasury 

0.10 99.33 — 

Over 3-aicnm Libor. Koncanable. Fees 025%. Denomi nations £10000. (Bardays de ZoHe 

Midland Bank 

European Mortgage 



libor 100.00 

Too ^ 

— Imerest win be the 3-nnmh Libor. NorcaUable. Fees 0.15%. (HSBC Markets.) 

Over IJHTOnth Aibor. Issue sp8t tnta 4 extendable tranches, due 1999 to 2007 and offered at 
1 00£5S to 1 01 -444. Fees l to 2%. (ABN-AMRO Hoore Govetro 

181 Finland Seflals 
229 Finland 
243 Finland srl999 

7V* 04/18/06 108.9086 6.6600 
9'* 0315/04 120^556 7.8600 
11 0115/99 1093257 10.0600 

226 Mexico B FRN 6.836 1231 19 943500 72500 

European Community 

227 ING Bonk 

228 Philippines Fix 
230 British Telecom 

61 k 08/07,00 99.3750 6.1600 
8U 10/071 6 98J500 S.9100 
7 05/23/07 101-4330 6.9000 

Beta-.-* 6-rrantn Libor. NoncollatHe. Fees 0.1 75%. Denominatlans 100,000 Ecu*. (CrecEt 
Commercial de FranceJ 

Bank of Nova 5cotla 

French Franc 

232 Tokyo Elec Pwr ?'■'» 06.1^07 1022500 6-9700 

Interest villi be the 3-month Bonkers AczEptonces rote. Norvco (table. Fees 0.1875%. (Boretays 
de Zoete Wedd.) 

,-Macliifir y .. 

176 France OAT 
182 France BTAN 

7Yi 04/25,'OS 113.7700 65900 
41* 04/12/99 101.3200 4.6900 

234 Canada 
239 Chrysler Rnl 
241 World Bank 
244 Mexico par B 

61* 08/28/06 1013)330 6.6800 
6*« Ou^b-OO 1002500 6.6100 
5.68 09/27/79 99.2500 5.7200 
6‘i 12/31/19 80 7688 7.7200 

Japanese Yen 

104 NTT 2 Vi 07/25/07 101.3750 2,4700 

246 J P Morgon Aust Zero 10-28/97 99.1837 5.5900 


249 Russia 

250 Mexico 

06-TI/D7 1014250 6.S9O0 
11/27/01 101.8750 9.0800 

9% 02TC6/01 10631738 9.1700 

The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, Sept. 8-1 2 

A schedule at mis week s economy ana firunosi events, cammed tor me Intemaranei Herald TrSxjne ay Bloomberg Business News 






British Columbia 
Ford Motor Credit 
Helaba Inti Finance 

European Investment Bank 

6U 101.142 99.60 

6.16 100.00 

5** 98,934 

6.55 99.807 

99.60 Reoffered at 99.767. Ntmcolloble. Fees 1 V*%. (ABN-AMRO Hoore GovetU 
1 00.1 0 NoncollabVe. Fees not disclosed. Denominatlans 5100,000. U.P. Morgan Securttle&o 
99.70 Reofteren at 99.905. NoncaHabie- Fe« lM^(CommwzbantaV 

1 00.1 0 SemfonnuoBy. Noncolloble private placement. Fees 020%. (YamalcK intil 
99.50 Semtareiuatly. NoncaBabte. Fees 0358b. (Goldman Sachs Inti.) 

99 JO Reoffered ot 99 885. Noncollabl e. Fees 1 *6%. (Bonque Generate du Luxembourg.) 
99.30 Nancnltable. Fees tL451fc. (Goldman Sachs InHJ ~ 

CL;;-. . 

T;.: ; . 

Reoffered at 99393. NoncaHabie. Fungible with outstanding Issue, raising total amount to 750 
million marks. Fees IMfo. (ABN-AMRO Home GovetL) 

Expected Seoul: International Herald Tribune 
This Week hosts “Korea Summit” on Korea's 

role in world economy. Wednesday 
and Thursday. 

Singapore: “Power-Gen Asia 

1997,” conference on electric power and Saturday. 

Echternach, Luxembourg: Euro- 
pean Union agriculture ministers 
meet. Monday and Tuesday. 
Mondorf-les-Bains, Luxembourg: 
EU finance ministers meet. Friday 

transmission and automation. Tues- 
day through Thursday. 

Geneva: ITU sponsors “Interactive 
97." Monday through Sunday 

Mexico City: Mexico's Coordinating 
Business Council hosts seminar on 
the country's economic develop- 
ment. Speakers include Finance Min- 
ister Guillermo Ortiz and Central 
Bank Governor MigueJ Mancera. 
Monday and Tuesday. 



53 i 102.15 

Reoffered ot 99.725. NoncaHobto. Fees (Deutsche Morgan GrenfelLI 

v ) 


1 imib 

County Hotels Group 

SemlonnualMloncoltabfe Abo ElS million flue 2004 omJ paring 5* over Libor. Fees 1%. 
(Salomon Brenners inn.) 

Electric Power Development 

General Electric Capital 



6H 99374 

Noncolloble. Fees 0325%. (Banque Ponbos.) 
NoncaHabie. Fe» R32S%. (Banque Paribas, i' 

Sept. 8 

Taipei: Taiwan reports trade statis- 
tics for August. 

Sydney: New South Wales Cham- 
ber of Commerce and Seven Net- 
work hold briefing on neiwork's prep- 
arations for 2000 Olympic Games. 

Basel, Switzerland: Hans Tietmey- 
er. president of the Bundesbank, 
heads a monthly meeting of Group 
of Ten central-bank governors. 
Bern, Switzerland: Unemployment 
figures for August. 

Prague: August consumer prices. 

Brasilia: Telecommunications Min- 
istry expected to release bidding doc- 
uments tor cable TV broadcasting 

Washington: Federal Reserve Sys- 
tem reports July consumer credit. 

Abbey National Treasury 


i ”» ^ “ — *» SM w™ F« W 

Credit Local de France 

5TS 100.585 

General Electric Capital 


oinstenmn 9 ^9 ratal amounf »j SOT bOllon Ore. Fees 

NoncoitabVe. F« i CDeufeche Maroon Grenfell) - 

Merrill Lynch & Co. 



6>'4 101A53 99.75 
~9 T0L5S 99.65 



Darwin, Australia: OECD hosts Bonn: Finance Minister Theo 

conference on indigenous economic Waigel opens debate in Bundestag 
development, in cooperation with De- about 1997 supplementary budget 

partmant of Employment. Education 
and Youth Affaire, and Aboriginal 
and Torres Strait islander Commis- 

and 1998 budget 
Nuremberg: Federal Labor Office 
to publish report on August unem- 

Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports productivity and costs for the 
second quarter. Commerce Depart- 
ment reports July wholesale trade. 
Mexico City: Mexico central bank 
releases foreign-reserve levels and 
August inflation rate. 

World Bank 


9.30 100*1 

ING Insurance 

Nederlandse Gasunie 

5^ 101.601 

Credit Local de France 

ECU! 00 

54k 101.30 

Wednesday Canberra: Bureau of Agriculture 

Sept 10 

and Resource Economics publishes 
quarterly mineral statistics for' Aus- 

Wellington: New Zealand releases 
preliminary figures on teims of trade 
for April-June quarter. 

Madrid: National Statistics Institute 
releases industrial production fig- 
ures for June. 

Oslo: Statistics Norway releases 
consumer-price figures for August. 
Paris: Insee releases definitive fig- 
ures for second-quarter GOP. 

Ottawa: Statistics Canada releases 
July new motor vehicle sales report. 
Washington: Department of Ener- 
gy weeldy report on U.S. petroleum 
stocks, production, imports and re- 
finery utilization. 

Equity- Linked 

MTI Capital 

NonooU gble. Fees I -Vy (Merrill Lyndi intL) 

Reoffered al 99 S3. Nonc nngble. Fees 2%. (IMG Barings!) — 

Reoffered at 99.926. NoncoHoMe . Fee, 2%. (ABW-AMRO Hoore Gmee.i — 

NorKdilabte. Fees llifit. (Banque Intlea Luxembourg.) — — - 

! * * 


- — 

Yt 00,000 

05Q 100.00 — 

I, r UT( 

Last Week's Markets Euremarts 

Stock Indexes 

United Stale? Seal. 5 Auq. 29 *„ Oi'ae 

Money Rates 

Eurobond Yields 


Sept. 11 

Wellington: New Zealand reports 
manufacturing sales for April-June 
quarter and food prices for August. 
Earnings expected: Bums, Rio 
Tinto Ltd.. Wrighison Ltd. 

Frankfurt:Chance(for Helmut Kohl 
opens the IAA Frankfurt Auto Show. 
Paris: Ministry of Labor releases fi- 
nal second-quarter figures for non- 
farm /ob creation. 

Stockholm: National Audit Bureau 
releases budget forecast. 

Mexico City: Finance Ministry re- 
leases official July trade balance. 
Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports initial weekly stale unemploy- 
ment compensation insurance 

Sept 12 

Tokyo: Economic Planning Agency 
may release its monthly outlook af- 
ter the morning cabinet meeting. 
Earnings expected: Pacific Dunlop 
Ltd.. Thakrai Holdings Ltd. 

Paris: Insee releases balance of 
payment figures for June and pro- 

□j maw 

DJ Uill 

OJ 3mns, 
Ngsdaq Cp 








231 77 

-1 02 
+ 3.74 



ia6S0.17 18.739.42 

♦ Z3T 





* 3t7 

Cana Do 

T5E Indus. 



-2 0J 

Ffdefsrf h/nds tale 

A«(.2miHp r, In 

Weekly Sales 

Primary Mortet 

Can money 

j- month Interbank 

tM is IS is 


bar* mw rare 
Call monov 
3-manlh interbank 

Pounds sterling 
French francs 
ttallon lire 
Danish kroner 
5nv£sb kronor 
ECU?, locq term 


x Naas 
623 81.7 

IS tJS 7.00 

6-W f-97 5 05 466 

636 646 7.70 son 
536 552 5.03 


fSSST — 
3 ’1^ 1SJ| 

In n ?2-2 

® issytouKltA 

Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of 
Michigan releases its index of con- 

visional consume r -pnce index for Au- sumer sentiment for September. 


Rome: Istat releases June trade 
with European Union and July trade 
figures with rest of the world. 

Washington: Labor Department re- 
ports producer price index for Au- 
gust. Commerce Department re- 
ports retaiJ sales for August. 


LAC 40 



Hong ana 


2.92451 2770.49 


Intwvtnttan rate 
Call inone)! 
3-mMitti interbank 

sweasn ttranor sm F.r 

SHSIS-'E- «2 ISi if. 

ECU| rm»ra term 539 539 

5®?-* 576 5.74 621 5^ 

& ts % in i 

^ are 

" 1J» 158 2.15 iSS 

Soarm Luvembouig sloe k exchange. 

4.iO0.a7 2906.03 

Total 626714 39^&^i 21331.9 

Sourer. Eumdear. Cede! Bon? ^ 

U56335 14.13535 

Call money 
3- mo nth interbank 

Ubor Rates 

■°rig Gold SepLS Aug. 29 Oi’gc 

WCiP 03732 92315 - 145 London p.m. tlxS 32135 324.W .1.12 

Asddtede* front .'Aaraon Stanley Capital tnh Perspective 

uss ‘™ nft 

Deutsche mark 

Pound stertter, ^ 

Sovm/Lhrts Bony. Routes 

Pwjch franc 




^SEPTEMBER 34, 1997 




PAGE 17 

U % W ®rIdCom Set to Buy CompuServe 

< --'f I: 

} YOU _ .:iN 



9 r,/ 

irvfcV:- AVsT- 

. 4 *■ 

A/ucimftmt iVfwj ip 

co^ A f s ™jr b 7v^r JWsksssesss 

E?*™ P*- H&R Block Inc.W Si .^ Sm " SK i! for 

- The transaction, which values Cn,™ ^ , ° rldCom were not immediately 

’poServe at about $13 a share was S ( ^ ament CompuSetve of- 

pected to be announced Mn ^ * ey were « “active dis- 

JSSilSSi , W »S, a “^«“ comply. ,0 ‘ he C0lumbu5 ' 0hi °- 

■company, a bigge^customer base fr^T ™ sale . , ^ sub J ect 10 approval by the 
r UUnei T«cbSL£? fiSS?!!!? lts c °2P an,cs boards. whicS were schcd- 

iSSLi':^ 0 . !* h&r Block JF. ”l' 0 FHL Su ^iiU“ u i““i., 

... — nocis. DiOCk exit a 

.busmess that it has been trying to jet- 

tison for more than a year. J 
' “That's great news,” said Jeffrey 

_ , Frida >’' WorldCom shares fell 
31.25 cents to $31.50. CompuServe ad- 
vanced 62.5 cents to $13.50 and H&R 
Block declined 56.25 cents to $40.1875. 

Wien if sells CompuServe. H&R 
Block will concentrate on its main tax- 
preparation business, analysts said. It 
plans to expand its profitable services 
tor higher-income customers, provide 
mortgages and increase its international 
business, they said. 

WorldCom wants to buy Com- 
puServe for its network of business cus- 
tomers, who generally pay higher fees 
than individuals, sources said. 

When H&R Block first took Com- 
puServe public in April 1996, it 
wagered on investors' fascination with 
Internet and online stocks. That gamble 
failed as lower-priced services offered 
by America Online be. and Microsoft 
C’orp. stole customers. 

A Fast Track Open to Everyone 

Exchanges to Offer Futures and Options for the Small Investor 

Apple to Keep and Expand Newton 

By John Markoff 

, New fort Tiun x Servic e 

.reversal. Apple Computer 
'Inc. has decided not to spin off 
its Newton division and will 

* instead develop a generai- 
! purpose version of the com- 
* party's eMare portable, which 
?is now sold only to schools. 

The move is one of several 
changes that Steve Jobs has 
made at Apple since taking 
over as the company's un- 
official chief executive lasr 
month. Last week, Mr. Jobs 
announced that Apple would 
.not expand its licenses with 
‘clone makers and that it was 
i buying out the license of its 
‘largest competitor. Power 
■Computing Corp. 

< Apple, based in Cupertino, 
-California, had been planning 
to spin off the Newton hand- 
held computer division and 
.sell the eMate 300 under a 
-licensing agreement with a 
-newly independent Newton. 

• But Thursday, Apple de- 
cided to rein in the Newton 
team and create an Apple 
JeMare division, several exec- 
-urives close to Apple said. The 
‘decision came during meeting 
.at which Newton executives 
presented their business plan 
to Mr. Jobs. Apple’s co- 

“founder who is now a board 
member, the executives said. 

Mr. Jobs rejected the New- 

ton business plan and the 
company’s charter to build 
the hand-held computers, 
which are known as personal 
digital assistants. 

Apple executives refused 
to comment. “We cannot 
comment on rumors or spec- 
ulation,” said Katie Cotton, a 
spokeswoman for Apple. 

Hand-held computers were 
part of the vision of Apple’s 
former chief executive. John 
ScaHey. for the future of com- 
puting. Mr. Sculley had 
backed the Newton idea, in 
which users wrote on a screen 
with a penlike device, after 
winning a corporate power 
struggle with Mr. Jobs in 
1985. But the machines failed 
in the marketplace when they 
were introduced in 1993 be- 
cause of faulty handwriting 
recognition capabilities. 

Mr. Jobs went on to found 
Next Computer be., originally 
founded to develop education- 
al computer systems, which 
was later sold to Apple. 

He turned down the idea of 
building hand-held com- 
puters soon after leaving 
Apple, even after a small 
group of the company's lead- 
ing Macintosh software de- 
signers approached him with 
the idea. Members of that 
group went on to develop the 
General Magic and the New- 
ton computers. 

The eMare, however, was 

the first Newton to come with 
a full keyboard in addition to 
the penlike stylus. The $700 
computer was designed spe- 
cifically for the education mar- 
ket. The lightweight computer 
is radically styled with a car- 
rying handle. The computer 
has won several industrial 
design awards but has not been 
available for retail purchase. 

When they announced the 
eMate earlier this year. Apple 
executives hinted that there 

might be furure versions of 
the product for broader mar- 
kets as well as versions with 
color displays. The current 
version has a black -and -whire 

Since returning to Apple as 
a board member last month 
and informally assuming con- 
trol of the company while it 
searches for a chief executive, 
Mr. Jobs has begun to reshape 
the computer maker's 
product strategy. 

By Bamaby J. Feder 

fitv York runes S en ice 

CHICAGO — The futures and op- 
tions industry’s biggest push ever to 
court stock investors is in full swing, 
as three exchanges here prepare to 
trade new contracts aimed at investors 
with stock portfolios as small as 
$ 10 , 000 . 

But while these poducts and the 
marketing push behind them are cer- 
tain to make such trading more ac- 
cessible and attractive — one ex- 
change is even offering practice 
trading sessions on the btemet for the 
nervous novice — many advisers have 
deep misgivings about their value for 
the average investor. 

The new contracts are linked to the 
Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index, 
long the most popular broad proxy for 
the American stock market, and to the 
Dow Jones index of 30 industrial 
stocks, the most widely followed 
stock barometer in the world. New 
products tied to the Dow Jones in- 
dustrial and utilities indexes are also 
in the pipeline, although their starting 
dates nave not been set. 

Hist up is the Chicago Mercantile 
Exchange, which will begin trading a 
baby-sized version of its futures on the 
Standard & Poor's 500 on Tuesday. 
As with other futures, investors play 

the popular S&P futures to get a broad 
exposure to the market without buying 
individual stocks or investing in mu- 
tual funds. They use these and other 
index futures, as well as index options, 
either as profit makers or as hedges for 
their other investments. 

As of Friday, the huge run-up in the 
S&Psbce 1990 had sent the value of a 
current contract, or $500 times the 
index, to $464,525. As a result, the 
margin payment an investor must put 


up as security — more than $21,000 
for a single contract to start and higher 
if the market begins to move against 
you — is out of reach for many in- 
dividual investors. 

The new S&P mini-future is just 50 
times the value of the index, makin g 
its cost one-tenth that of the current 
futures contract. 

To further encourage nonprofes- 
sional investors to trade the new E- 
mini. as the Mercantile Exchange con- 
tract is called, the exchange has signed 
an agreement with Auditrack Inc. to 
allow investor to sign up for sim- 
ulated trading sessions on the Internet 
The cost is just $10 for access to the 

Of course, big traders will still have 
access to technical analysis, auto- 

mated trading programs, volume dis- 
counts and other advantages that 
might make small investors leery. 

In addition, most futures and op- 
tions expire in a matter of months, so 
that investing in them is like trying to 
time swings in the stock market itself, 
a strategy widely seen as foolhardy for 
the average investor. 

Still, both tools can be used con- 
servatively by investors who want in- 
surance against short-term volatility 
without selling stocks. They also make 
it possible to speculate on tile direction 
of the stock market without buying and 
selling index mutual funds. 

In another innovation, the Chicago 
Board of Trade, the world’s largest 
futures exchange, will begin trading a 
futures contract on Oct. 6 that will be 
based on the Dow Jones industrial 
average and will be equal to $ 10 times 
the average's level. With the Dow 
closing Friday at 7,822.41, each of 
these futures contracts would be equal 
to a $78.224. 10 portfolio of the blue- 
chip index. 

The real options action for small 
investors, though, will probably be 
across the street at the Chicago Board 
Options Exchange. The board, which 
is already the home of two options on 
the S&P 500, will introduce an option 
on the Dow Jones average on Ocl 6 
that will carer to the average investor. 


-Air France Chief to Be Named Soon 

1 PARIS (Bloomberg) — The French prime minister’s office 
plans to name the new chief executive of AirFrance in the Dexr > 
"fevTdays after Christian B lane’ sdecision last week to leave 
the post by October, a government spokesman said Sunday. 

Mr. Blanc resigned after die government said it would not 
privatize the airline. 

The spokesman said no final decision on a successor has 
been reached. 

-TRW to Build Satellite System 

REDONDO BEACH, California (Bloomberg) — TRW 
Inc. plans to build a $3.4 billion global satellite system capable 
of transmitting and receiving digital data 100,000 times faster 
than today’s personal-computer modems. 

The network, which will be made up of 19 satellites, will be 
used far broadband data transport, multimedia services and 
"private networks. Telephone companies and multinational cor- 
porations are expected to be the biggest customers, TRW said. 

^Machine Tool Demand Declines 

) WASHINGTON (Renters) — U.S. machine tool demand 
"fell in July from the previous month but was higherfromayear 
.earlier two industry groups said in a joint report Sunday. 

The American Machine Tool Distributors’ Association and 
"the Association for Manufacturing Technology sai d Jul y 
.- machine tool demand fell 13.4 percent ro $666 million from a 
. -revised $769 million in June. 

The July result was up 4.5 percent from $637 million a year 
“earlier and for the first seven months of this ywr, machine tool 
"demand was estimated at $4.93 billion, up 15.9 percent 

Computer-Chip Sales Climb 13% 

SAN JOSE. California (Reuters) — Worldwide sales of 
coraputerchips jumped 13 percent in July on strong skpments 
in the United States, the Semiconductor Industry Association 

industry’s biggest trade group said sales rose to SI 11 .61 
"billion in July from $10.24 billion a year ^CT Sales m^e 
} - Americas in July surged 19.4 percent to $3.85 bdbon from 
' $3.22 billion. In the Asian-Pacific market, sales rose si 
'percent to $2.18 billion, while European sales rose 1- percent 
to $2.04 billion. 

Israel Sells 43% of Bank Hapoalim 

" TEL AVIV fBlooraberg) - Agroup 

-won a auction to buy a controlling steke Hapoalim 

Ltd. of Israel from the government for $L37biUira. 

- ShlomoNehama, who oversees the executive sh^dmgs in 

Israel said Sunday that the Anson group paid a goodie 
Tor its 43 percent stake and that the group -. sees the 
a “long-term” investment. The Anson group also nas 
“option on an additional 21.5 percent. 

-For the Record 

- • Cowles Media Co., which 

Minnesota's largest newspaper^asw :U as magazi 
'books, has said it is reviewing suategic alteman ^ 
r“ ^chiding a possible sale of the company. _ h 1 ~~~ 


Do you uve in Austria, 

I Belgium, Luxembourg 

! or Sweden ? 

for information about subscribing tall: j 

i Austria 01891363330 j 

! ■ Bebpim 0800 17538 MJ«) J 

. . . i^uig 0800 BOS MW 

y ■ Sweden 020 791039 ftoll-ftre)- ; 

& froftasgas"* H 

summary of the financial year 1996 

Generali Group in figures 

101 insurance companies operating in 50 

61 Consolidated financial real estate and 
agricultural companies 
126 i arions non consolidated subsidiary 

15 S 22,820 million of premiums /+ 10. 7% on 1995) 

USS 73,400 million of proi'isions for insurance liabilities 

L5S 79,515 million investments 

ISS 940 million consolidated profit 

40,000 insurance experts working for customers 



niiUhm ISS 

I - 


■ - . ■ ' . 

' ... ' •- " 

. • •• 

■ • ... 


The result of the consoli- 
dated halance sheet reflects 
ihe gain on toe sale of toe 
AXA shores: without con- 
sidering such effect, the 
profit would be In the 
order of USS 522 million 
with an increase of H.3%. 

the Generati Group strengthens its position tvorldunde 
US$22,820 mUHcm of premiums, USS 940 nnOian profit 

Group Business 

In 1996, Assicurazioni Generali continued its policy of expanding the breadth 
of its operations in various primary’ markets. The acquisition of Group Prime, 
and their widespread network of producers specializing in financial and 
retirement product distribution, has established a substantial presence in the 
Italian financial services market. Integrated management of customer insur- 
ance and financial needs was further enhanced by directly establishing 
sophisticated online communications between the Groups Italian sales 
offices and its computer network . New’ joint marketing agreements have 
been entered into with certain financial institutions which, in addition to the 
existing agreements with primary banks, substantially expand the distribution 
capacity’ of the Company and the Group. 

In France, a subsidiary' company has sold its stake in AXA. which no longer 
held any strategic interest, thus obtaining a strong surplus value and an ele- 
vated liquidity which will be used for international expansion of the Group. 

In the French market, the structural reorganization of the dif- 
ferent companies has continued and a decision has been 
made to merge France LARD into Concorde. 

An important acquisition was completed at the 
beginning of the year in Israel, when the market 
leader Migdal, which in cum controls four 
other insurance Companies, joined the Gen- 
erali Group. 

In Austria, due to the impossibility of par- 
ticipating in the privatization of Credi- 
tanstalt. EA-Generali arranged for the sale 
of the Group’s produers through three 
major regional banks. Another undertak- 
ing initiated in the insurance banking 
field occurred in Brazil with Banco 
Sudameris, with the establishment of a 
company to operate in the Life and pen- 
sion field tlirough die Bank’s branches. 

The expansion of the Parent Company’ and 
the Group has continued in those areas 
offering the best prospects for growth. Two 
new companies were added to the Group's 
existing presence in Middle and Eastern Euro- 
pean Countries, one during 1996 in Slovenia and 
the other during the first months of the year in the Slo- 
vac Republic. In the Far East, a representative office has 
been opened in Peking, a preliminary’ step to obtain the autho- 
rization for insurance activity in China. 


win mi 




aitthon l S$ 


fru/r 4,191 

i F rance £636 

Austria 1,081 
Spain 1.077 
Germany 913 
Others 1,764 

Italy 2.689 

i = ' ?.> 

France 2,195 
Aiisnit j 1,624 
Spam 1.080 
Germany 1,194 
Others 2385 

All figures have teen convened 
at the rate of exchange of Lire 1.530.57 to the USS 

Parent Company Results 

The Annual Meeting of Assicurazioni Generali S.p.a., leader of the Gener- 
ali Group, held in Trieste on June 28th, approved the 1996 financial state- 
ment. which showed a net profit of USS 339.5 million (304.6 million in 3995L 
with a dividend of 375 lire OJSS.25) per share (+10% considering the stock 
dividend in 1 996); the dividend, before taxes, is 585.9 lire i.US$.3ZJ. Pursu- 
ing the traditional strategy for the consolidation of assets. Shareholders 
approved to appropriate USS 105 million, taken from die profit, to the extra- 
ordinary reserve. 

Hie Board of Directors, which met after the Annual Meeting, confirmed as 
Chairman Mr. Antoine Bemheim, Vice Chairman and Managing Director Mr. 
Gianfranco Gutty and Vice Chairman Mr. Francesco Cingano. 

The Generali Group operates in Italy and also in: Argentina, Australia, Aus- 
tria. Belgium. Brazil, Canada. Colombia. Czech Republic. Denmark. 
Ecuador. Egypt. France. Germany. Gibraltar. Great Britain. Greece. 
Guatemala. Guernsey. Hong Kong. Hungary. Ireland. Israel. Japan, Jersey. 
Lebanon. Liechtenstein. Luxemburg. Malta. Mexico. Morocco. Netherlands. 
Niger. Panama. Peru. Poland, Portugal. Romania. San Marino, Singapore. 
Slovac Republic. Slovenia. South Africa. Spain. Switzerland, Tunisia. 
Turkey. United Arab Emirates, United Suites. Virgin Islands. 

Central Head Office in Trieste (Italy) 

The Generali Group also operates in the United States through: 
Assicurazioni Generali U.S. Branch. BMA-Business Men's Assurance Com- 
pany of America and Jones Babson Inc. 




THE i nteractive industry 

Where Telecoms, Computers and Mewa Meet 

Digitalization and glohdifation are bringing about a netw orked society " and a ma< he, » o, thS ^ ^ ^ ^ 

rTNcleconm,unic..ion>. Aim* _ are deploying ^fricTK SS 

T elecommunication)** 
computer and nwdia 
companies an; cross- 
ing over into each other n 
markets and forming a single 

America, are deploying ana mrarpcopiewiu ^ u^. £ ------ ineers are 

state-of-the art technologies three things: They vnH be comp idc nncal signals, 
to install millions of new buying, selling and freely ex- "I*!” 1 - i v t,e differen- 
lines each year. changing information ^ h h ^r content." 

In developed economies He states that about half ot nal ^^. >-p evv could have 

I-hape 'of telcos buying out 
cable companies, which was 
all the rage three* four years 

mariiets and forming wh ™S an v S55T h He ad*. -& ***£* ^epoTnts to the fiascos 

“in^-nAe opened up u> new servi« generated by office workers. fof*e rounding the proposal Imer- 

J and Will providers, alternative info- This, plus the “new net- [of dvrta ' » ■ , gerofU.S. telco Bell Atot.= 

!*S> ,'h 3 ean inn-*- structure is being put in place worked society.” he says, compute^ and aud.ovisua * ^ winthe threes rfnwpng 

i m et on to compete with and supple- will amount to a marke. ntdustttes. with neighbor Nynex and 

ing, fundamental impiicr on 
our business and personal 

75 million new phone lines 
Some idea of the scale ot this 

to compete w ith and supple- 
ment existing networks. 

According to the BT/MCl 
Global Telecommunications 
Report, published in the fell 
of 1996. 75 million new 

will amount to a market industries 
worth around 59 trillion. 


There are two main drivers 
for this convergence. 

The first is digitalization. 

xvmi neignwi , + 

Globalization . 

The second driver is die spffiesB 1 ^ do with its 2 0 
globalization of industry. sure J\ n h ,j jng ; n Time 

IgtftZZ’FZ e S 6 specially 

made by Loopeis ^ 4 . Wamer - S pur- 

SSSSha aarjss -SEES saa- " 

BHHKlp 49 

Trade Organization reckons 
that the global market tor 
telecommunications equip- 
ment and sen ice> alone 
stands at around S800 billion. 

And telecommunication-s in- 
frastructure is being rolled 
out faster than ever before. 

Developing countries, 
particularly in Asia and Latin 

worldwide in the previous 1 2 In the worts of the inter- chase of CNN. 

mont h s national Telecommunication mes in the Americas wui 

Michael Dertouzos. direc- Union's (ITU) secretary- mk or acquire? 

tor of the Library tor Com- general. Tekka Tarjanne. operanoiis b> - * J= yin Kelly thinks that in the 

puter Science at the Mas- “Digitalization has literally Fm^the future, telecommunications 

sachusetts Institute of revolutionized the whole Forcompamesin^rop - compan ies and entertam- 

Tcchnolouv. savs. “I believe transmission and switching Middk. East fnd Amca. men [providers arc likely to 

we are heading for about half chain bv standardizing the percentage mil nst m ^ ^ ^ trough alliances rather 

a billion to 1 billion inter- once different analog signals percent to - p lhan acquisition, especially 

connected computers by into individual! v indisnn- s ^ ce ^ y g Telecommu- 

2007. All these computers guishable bits and bytes, ror nications Act of February 

into individually indistin- 
guishable bits and bytes. For 

The Web and Intranets: What’s in It for Business? 

** billboard *» *. — «—* — — 

ii ■ f-.rm tViom No wonder that almost all coming vears w ill be “to develop an organization^* business 

L J wu-hiv! millions of dollars ago: Electronic commerce 9 U percent orme «- - commerce. 

k-/ reached mi n io . - the end of tins year. Marketsruce i< cenainlv bis enough to accommodate 3 


?J=S*^ras SSStb 3*S?&«* 

mcrcc js “the carrying out of business activities that lead to 
an exchange of value across telecommunications net- 

" Andersen Consulting, an international management and 
technology consultancy, estimates that the busincss-to-busi- 
ness segment of electronic commerce today is w orth about 
S50*i million worldw ide. 

How to design a site „ a . 

The increase in sites and traffic has focused attention on the 
development of effective Web sites in the commercial arena 
now known as marketspace. 

Forrester Research, an information-technology con- 

CUVCIII ii. Ii.-iin- .1*^.- _ , - 

train inu programs and meetings, run by more than - .HL 
organizations. Inventory Locator Service Inc. otters 16 r?.\- 
Jion airline pans on line and processes over 4?.U0u rar:- 
nuinbcr inquiries per dav from its worldw ide customer ^ase. 
Commerce Business Daily OnLine reports on more man 
20i ».< H id upcoming gov emment procurement d fennas worm 
more than S400 bilfion. 

“f bcBevo we are 
heatfing for about half 
a biWon to 1 bilBon 

computers by 2007/’ 
says Michael 
Dertouzos, director 
of the Library for 

Computer Science 
at MIT 

same period, while for or- 
ganizations in the Asia-Pa- 
cific region, it will rise from 
$2 'percent to 92 percent 
the BT MCI Report 
found that onlv two factors 

than acquisition, especially 
since the U.S. Telecommu- 
nications Act of February 
1996. which allows cable 
companies to enter the tele- 
phone market and vice 
versa. * 

Telecom companies have 
become for more cautious 
about buying companies in 
the IT sector, haying suffered 
burnt fingers on a number of 

Some of the most notable 
disasters include IBM’s ac- 
quisition of swttchmaker 
Rolm. AT&T’s purchase of 
NCR and the merger of 
former UK. computer man- 
ufacturer ICL with its com- 
patriot telephone-equipment 
maker STC (now part of 

Mr. Kelly says. “They 

LH> million worldwide. oredicts ud to sultancv. suggests in a 1 997 report that rich, dynamic ‘cement 

AC jeorgia Infinite t f fg. , attracufvisitors. but that site developers need to keep m mind 

A VlCOISia IIISHIWW k'l IVVIM.v.vpj r ------ ■- 

.S I tit i billion in electronic commerce by the end ofthe decade. 
IBM nroieets that tlur growing demand for electronic com- 
merce applications will add S266 billion to global ex- 
penditures for information technology ( IT l in the same tunc 

frame. , . . 

Electronic commerce is theretore much more man elec- 
tronic brochures or catalogues. A business site on the World 
Wide Web — the most obvious representation — does serve 
this purpose, but it can be used to target, educate and involve 

attracts* visitors, but that site developers need to keep in mind 
language. legalities, culture and technical considerations and 
to periodically update material to ensure repeat visits. 

The visitor or user for whom the site is intended should be 
the major consideration, however. Web sites for business-to- 
business commerce look and feel different from those geared 

to final consumers. ■ . . 

A 1997 report from the Gartner Uroup. an IT research and 
consultancy group, notes that the challenge for enterprises in 

Business models , . telecommunications ii 

Three types of intcracme-Web-sue business m*.ae.s are s|njclurs when companies 
emerging. say> Forrester Research m a 199 sraay oi ^ choosing location sites: 

nancial sen ices on the Web. . noimcal stabilin and the 

A basic site retains existing customers by providing ^ vailabi!itv 0 f a skilled work- 
information and basic transactions. Forrester estimate, ftrrt- - 

y ear start-up and operating costs at 5? million. Most hem*.- 

banking sues fall into this category. Repositioning 

A basic transacnon site already represents a bigjump o v a ^ J bia that has yet 

the testing- the- water sites, which are little more than elev.- ^ ^ ~ ddressed bv cernpa- 
tronic billboards and cost halt a million doUars. or J^- n ies in the information tech- 
1 A sales site, aimed at attracting new customers, n - nologv ( IT), telecommur 

found that only two factors have learned that computer- 
rate higher than a developed company culture is very dif- 
telecommunications infra- ferent from that of telcos. 

w hich is very' different from 
that of television firms.” 

The Web and TV 
“The newest area of 
convergence is most prom- 
ising, between television 
and the Internet.” he adds. 
” WebTV ’s technology al- 
lows you to use the TV as 

Have you missed any of the 
International Herald Tribune’s 

Sponsored Sections 

this year? 

“VIII* — . * h-tc a UI uiv* miv»ni»«w 1UW3 *uu IV UOV. LI I w I v a*> 

A sales site, aimed at attracting new h . a , , T) te iecommumca- norma l or to browse the In- 
higher level of transactions, and the tions and audiovisual temei. while CNET offers a 

higher 3 more than SI 1 milho "_ F f 1 r y est namC5 » dls is bo w to develop the nec- \v e b site that looks like a 

nigner — more man ji / . , s how t0 develop tne nec- \ve b site that looks like a 

broker Charles Schwab as an example. , essarv expertise in the other TV channel. CNET origi- 

An ad\ isory site is targeted to areas'. There is no simple an- na ll y produced a television 

prospects, lunng them with personal interaction m^ cn^ ^ ebanne! about computers 

opportunities and data conferencing. Forrester camntes m Kelly, head ot oper- for cable television, and 

cost as S23 million in the first year and notes that no firm ^ at ^ 1TU> t ^ t0 

currently offers this capability. . savs . "Every company has a 

Beyond Web sites themselves, the interactive capabilmes wa ., G f diversify ing, 

inherent in both the Internet and business intranets l the ^ { thar com panies 

private networks set up within enterpnses) can expand n vv j[j ^ | nt0 each other's sec- 

Auctions in France 

Built for Business: Bangladesh 
Built for Business: China 
Built for Business: Indonesia 
Built for Business: Japan 
Built for Business: Philippines 
Built for Business: Singapore 
Built for Business: South Korea 
Built for Business: Thailand 
Business Education in France 
Business Education in the US 
Business Locations in Germany 
Business Locations in Vienna 
By Spain: Cathedrals 

By Spain: Gastronomic Bounty of the North 

By Spain: Museums 

By Spain: World Heritage Cities 

California Wines 

Czech Republic 


EcoEfficiency: Business and the Environment 

Emerging Markets in Central & Eastern Europe 

Euro & Financial Markets 

European Fine Arts 

Fast Track 97: Asia Business Outlook 

Frankfurt's New Congress Center 

Greek Telecommunications 

Holidays in Europe: European Drive Around 

Holidays in Europe: London & Paris Shopping Breaks 

Holidays in Europe: UK Fly and Drive 

Hotel Renaissance 


IFA: Advanced Electronics Showcase 

international Business Education 

International Education in Benelux 

Internationa Education in Germany and Austria 

International Education in Switzerland 

International Franchising 

Investing in Austria 

Investing in Austria: Vienna 

Investing in Poland 

Luxury Real Estate 



Mobile Communications: GSM and Beyond 
Multilingualism in Europe 
North America Summer Camps 
Office Equipment 

Portugal Update: Lisbon Stock Exchange 
Portugal Update: Telecom 
Summer in New York 

Technology & The Environment 

Trade Fairs & Congresses in Germany 

Travel for Knowledge 

Travel in Asia: Best Beaches 

Travel in Asia: Festivals 

Travel in Asia: Golf 


Now available on the IHT Web site: 


inncrem in win — - — . ' 4 . 

private networks set up within enterpnses) can expand the 
reach of a business, facilitate communications within an 

Andersen Consulting estimates that the 

busines&to-business segment of electronic 
commerce today is worth about $500 milSon 
worldwide. A Geor0a Institute of Technology study 
presets up to $160 billion in electronic commerce 
by the end of the decade 

organization, reduce the time-to-market of a new product or 
sen ice and reduce costs. The networks are both marketing 
tools and marketing channels, for business-to-busmess in- 
terchange as well as business-to-eonsumer interactivity. 

Business-to-business commerce 

The oldest example of business-to-business e-conunerce is 
EDI t Electronic Data Interchange), which has been in use tor 
o\er tw o decades. Technological advances and the Internet 
arc* transforming this vehicle for message exchange into a 
fully integrated supply-chain process, facilitating the creation 
of "the extended enterprise.” 

Texas Instruments, a major supplier of semiconductor 
products, has a long tradition of EDI applications. “Today we 
arc using EDI to make just-in-time deliver)' a reality for our 
major customers around the globe." says Nicolas de Lom- 
Kirdon. customer satisfaction center manager for T1 in 

Until recently, more than two-thirds of all Tls business 
documents were paper-based, with inevitable human errors. 
Now well over half of all order items from European 
customers are processed electronically. The former flow of 
paperwork is eliminated because the classic ’’order" as such 
ha ceased to exist: the order has become an intrinsic part of 
the EDI information flow. 

The advantages tor T Is customers? Inventory costs are 
reduced, lead time is shortened, errors minimized and rush 
shipments accelerated. 

Intranet savings 

British Telecom set up its own intranet two years ago. 
investing 1 10 million (SH» million!. The company calculates 
its 19oh savings at £Niv? million. 10 times its original 
estimate. Return over two years is more than 1 .500 percent, 
with more efficient use of managerial resources and taster 
response times to customers. 

Sjvings on costs and speedier processes are additional 
benefits. "Texas Instruments saves about S 1 million per month 
m paper, printing and distribution costs by publishing its 
technical and support documents on the Internet. Andersen 
Consulting estimates that direct marketing channels can 
potentially reduce a manufacturer's ini estmeiu by 40 percent 
to of percent. 

In ihc longer Term, disintermediation, or elimination ofthe 
middleman "from the distribution chain, may have a sig- 
nificant impact on a wide range ot industries, including 
computers and software, publishing, finance, travel, ad- 
vertising and consumer products. 

L\ ciui conserv jti' c source like the European Information 
Technology Observatory predicts that "e-commercc will 
cli.iiiee the nature oTbusiness itself.” Companies that dismiss 
it as tile techno flavor of the month Jo so at their own peril. 

Claudia Flisi 

tors through joint ventures, 
mergers, acquisitions or al- 
liances? All of the above. 
There will be every v ariation. 
There will be competition 
between companies whose 
origins are in the different 
areas as well as cooperation 
with partners to expand into 
new markets." 

He adds. "There has been 

for cable television, and 
they’ve transferred this to 
the Web.” This potentially 
brings the best of all three 
worlds together. 

Ultimately, the Internet — 
the global mesh of computer 
networks — will have to find 
a way of financing itself. Mr. 
Kelly concludes. "Being 
funded by advertising on 
Web sites is a far more logical 
model for the Internet than 
that of telco pricing, which 
charges for usage based on 
miles, minutes and mega- 
bytes.” Annie Turner 

Selling Travel On-Line 

Travel is already both the world’s largest business and the 
largest in electronic commerce. Last year it represented 
50 percent of all business on the Internet. 

The integration of travel and technology predates the 
Web. however. Computerized reservation systems (CRSs) 
have been handling air ticket sales for two decades. What 
is Networthy about them is that they are expanding from 
airline offices and travel agents onto the Internet to reach 
their clients directly. More than 150 airlines offer realtime 
scheduling and booking capabilities either through soft- 
ware that gives the user direct access to the CRS or 
through 3 Web site. 

Last year some $1 

billion m revenue was Travel is already both 
generated through , 

80.000 travel Web *** world's largest 

sites. But generating business and the 

sales is not the same as . . 

making the sales on the ‘orgest m electronic 

Web - commerce 

One Link, for example 
(at http://www.sysl.- 

com), allows visitors to access the Amadeus CRS to book 
acomp^ete itinerary, but sales are not yet carried out over 

United Airlines’ Connection software connects users 
with a U.S. billing address to the Apollo CRS, for in- 
teractive booking opportunities on 380 airlines, 30 OOO 
hotels and 50 car rental companies. Sales through' ttZ 
channel last year were estimated to be $25 million 

l .„? ABRE ' owned by American Aiilines. handled' kin 
billion in air-travel purchases last year. It has two Wpk 
sites for selling travel products. Sam Gilliland, vice 

IS' manager ' SABRE Travel formation 

Network, USA. says. "The travel business it _ 0n 

Dimon m air-travel purchases last year. It has two Wr»h 
sites for selling travel products. Sam Gilliland, vice nJL 

IS' S.FcS' manSger ' SABRE Travel '"formation 

Networi-, USA. says. "The travel business is very 
ducive to e-commerce and is growing rapidly " 
h« BRE ’ customers can make their own i\ im 
hotel and car reservations. Previously available onlv ^ 
online services, the text-based service is now on the w T 
at http: • , ne 

On SABRE's Travelocity Web site (http:/ /WWvv tra>. visitors can request routing alt^rr-,^ 1 ’ 
check prices and follow links to airlines and destin ‘ Ves - 
The home page is geared to North America huT^ tl0ns - 
like the one that searches for worldwide discount ! ? Ces 
offer choices, in several languages. dlr far *s 



ALL'.-- ' ■ " 

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CH> \ -5JZ VAX. SEPTEMBER ?4«_1 W* 


si*o\soki:i> SIC I ION 

PAGE 21 


the interactive industry 

J (J rPol 

^ Pushing Personalized Content on the Web 

Recent technology' directs content to users without them hewing to seek it actively : 

D octor Doolittle’s 
has come to life ... on 
the Web. The fictional 
creature with heads in front 
and back so it could move in 
either direction has its In- 
ternet equivalent in software 
that makes content as ‘'push- 
able" to Web users as it has 
heretofore been “pull-able" 
by them. 

Currently, most of the 46- 
50 million people (the Gart- 
ner Group's estimate) who 
use the Web “pull” the in- 
formation or services they 
want by typing in an address 
or requesting a topic from an 
Internet search engine. 

More like TV 
But as more and more people 
go on-line in the next few 
years (Gartner predicts up to 
140 million within three 
years), this expanded audi- 
ence is expected to behave 
more and more like the tele- 
vision audience of today. 
• which is receptive to infor- 
mation that is “pushed" to 
them without any effort on 
their part. 

At the same time, advert- 
isers will become even more 
interested than they are now' 

her interests and then the in- 
formation. tailored to the 
user, is delivered onto the 
screen as a screen saver, pop- 
up box, “wallpaper” (the 
desktop showing behind 
open windows), banner or 
ticker tape (similar to what 
stockbrokers see today). 

Stockbrokers and others in 
the financial industry are 
among the most likely cus- 
tomers for push technology 
in its first generation. An- 
drew Cruse, European soft- 
ware analyst for Datapro In- 
formation Service, a Gartner 
Group company, names 
brokers, agents and 
salespeople paid on commis- 
sion as the best prospects. 

Companies first 
Push will arrive in the home 
in the second generation, he 
believes. For now, the sales 
are mainly business-to-busi- 
ness and located in the 
United States. Push isn’t yet 
practical as a personal infor- 
mation service in Europe, he 
explains, “because you need 
continuous linkup to take ad- 
vantage of it. and phone costs 
in Europe preclude that.” He 
estimates that 99 percent of 
push business to date is done 

Web to increase the 
productivity of rheir know- 
ledge workers. Nerwork 
managers can distribute cus- 
tomized data from news ser- 
vices or their own databases 
and send messages or mul- 
timedia files to individuals or 
groups of users. Users can 
receive marketing data on 
their own products and those 
of their competitors. Person- 
nel announcements, open po- 
sitions within the organiza- 
tion. timetables or meeting 
schedules can be distributed 
quickly and easily. Some 
products have automatic-re- 
sponse messages that can be 
compiled, eliminating fol- 
low-up phone calls or mul- 
tiple e-mail messages. 

Last March. Ford Motor 
Co. launched a push-based 
information delivery service 
to its 15,000 dealers. A For- 
rester Research report that 
month said approvingly. “If 
you have to educate a field 

sales force or support an ex- 
tended distribution network, 
consider push technology. 
Push is proactive content dis- 
tribution coupled with dy- 
namic presentation — with 
minimal user/client interven- 

Distributing software 
Another application for the 
corporate environment is up- 
daring software. On Aug. 14. 
Microsoft Corp. and 
Marimba Inc. agreed to work 
on a technology that will 
make it easier for large or- 
ganizations to push new 1 soft- 
ware updates onto their cor- 
porate networks. The new 
standard, called Open Soft- 
ware Description, will enable 
a company's PCs to auto- 
matically update basic soft- 
ware programs like word 
processors and Internet 

However attractive the 
corporate market, push tech- 

nology to the consumer mar- 
ket is what really has infor- 
mation purveyore salivating. 
Last year, advertising reven- 
ues on the Web totaled 5266 
million, according to Open- 
market, a technology com- 

Web-banner advertising 
alone will be worth over 52 
billion in the year 2000. 
claims Daramonitor. an in- 
dustry research group. The 
four current leading navig- 
ation service networks (Ya- 
hoo!. Lycos, Excite and In- 
foSeek) will have 21 percent 
of revenues in that year, al- 
though their relative share of 
market will have declined. 

Will push technology take 
a significant portion of the 
rest? “It's hard to say at this 
point,” admits Datapro ’s Mr. 
Cruse, echoing Doctor 
Doolittle's uncertainty about 
where the Push-me-pull-you 
was actually heading. 


a 1 

in this affluent target group of in the United States. “I'd 
Internet users and will be us- guess 90 percent of that is 
ing all the technology at their business-to-business rather 
disposal to reach them. Ad- than to individuals." 
vertisers view “push" fea- Corporations buy push 
tines as manna from heaven, products from market pace- 
How do they work? The setters like PointCast, Way- 
user writes a profile of his or farer. Marimba and Back- 

Alliances Chase 
The Business of 
Big Global Firms 

The major telecom companies are teaming up. 

T he teaming up of the world's most powerful telecom 
operators to form so-called global alliances has gen- 
erated much interest Why are they doing it and what 
do they hope to achieve? In part it is a defensive action ro 
protect them against new competitors m owm Ifo- 
L. . erilized back yards and also a way of cashing m on ithe 
-- fastest-growing segment of the telecoms market, multma- 

J I "TccoXg “Vernon tab.; eqohy research tean, 

“Lame carriers [are seeking] to establish global asset bases m 
. order to service the top 5.000 muMnaticmal customers. We 
- - estimate that these customers account for perhaps 15 percent 

of global telecom revenues and a much higher percentage of 
global profits [for carriers].” 

• - 4 Integrated services worldwide j 

- The oremise is that multinationals want integrated, desktop- 

•-? ; »&aaaa:as!(B»; 

W solidated when the proposed 

to be called Concert - as if it 

; The merger has had a tortuouspassa^ summer 

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’■ in the merger. , ^ vyjl] pay for the 

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% $1-9 billion, a discountof 22 percent onm s merger will 

‘ A.i; ithas provided, as ^^J^^aTad verse change” clause 
iF 5 go through, removing foe ma 5750 million in 

1 ■ that was in the ^jE al £j de KSareh° ld eis s°up 

S November or December operators of France 

i jsssristss^” 33 ?*— 

Switzerland a f ld , th T !^?^ of Concert. Unisource is 
►: fonica, recently WorldPartnets orga- 

\ ££ ^ThSudc KDD of - 

I- to deal with a single supp some influential user 

i consolidated bUlin l^° d I flSrional Telecomraumcations 

, m 

, •! ' ££*$£'£****'* dUnks between the 

< services. ^ of t^hnology and telecommunications 

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A Boon to the 
Third World: 

Pivblems due to poor infrastructure are alleviated 

T elemedicine, or the 
provision of medical 
services and health 
care via telecomm unica- 
tions-based systems, holds 
great promise for developing 
regions, where much basic 
infrastructure is lacking. 

The potential was illus- 
trated when a patient in a 
remote Zimbabwe hospital 
was featured at Telecom 95. 
the high-powered quadren- 
nial telecommunications 
gathering in Geneva. In his 
keynote address. Andrew 
Grove, president of Intel, in- 
cluded a live demonstration 
of two doctors in Johannes- 
burg and Zimbabwe discuss- 
ing a patient, examining rel- 
evant X-ray and EKG results 
as well as medical records. 
South Africa was selected as 
the venue partly because u is 
u developing country, and be- 
cause the hospital link being 
demonstrated really exists. 

The range of such services 
may include dramatic "dial- 
up” medical consultations 
such as .those demonstrated 
by Mr. Grove, or more 
mundane but equally valu- 
able ventures such as patho- 
logy diagnosis, education 
and emergency serv ices. 

Two years later, from June 
30 to July 4. IW. in Estoril. 
Portugal, the International 
Telecommunication Union 
(ITU) sponsored the first 
World Telemedicine Sym- 
posium for dev eloping coun- 
tries. Attending were J7.S 
delegates from 51 countries 
and lour international orga- 
nizations. representing 1 S in- 
dustrialized nations and 35 
developing countries. 

Guy Rossignol. who is in 
charge of information sys- 
tems for hospitals in the 
French Ministry' of Health 
and attended the Symposium 
as a session leader, reports. 

“It was a great success. We 
were especially pleased at the 
number of participants from 
developing countries. ” Most 
delegations consisted of a 
doctor representing the health 
ministry and an engineer rep- 
resenting the telecommuni- 
cations sector. 

Start with small trials 
lit its recommendations at the 
close of the symposium, the 
ITU advocated a testing of 
rhe telemedicine waters with 
small pilots rather than 
sweeping projects so that 
everyone, doctors and engi- 
neers alike, can get a better 
feel for the potential in this 
new arena. “Trials are 
needed to evaluate the most 
effective ways of delivering 
telemedicine serv ices in the 
developing world, as well as 
to evaluate which services 
and technologies would be 
most appropriate." say’s Am- 
lied Laouyane. director ofthe 
ITU's Telecommunications 
Development Board. 

The ITU is promoting col- 
laboration with the World 
Health Organization, nation- 
al ministries of health and 
telecommunications, tele- 
communications operators 
and telemedicine experts, 
suppliers and service pro- 

The European Commis- 
sion is also exploring the ap- 
plication of telemedicine in 
its member states through its 
Health Care Telematics ini- 
tiative. Jean-Claude Healy of 
the commission’s section on 
Telecommunications. Infor- 
mation Market and Exploi- 
tation of Research says drat a 
call for proposals elicited 800 
replies, of which 120 have 
been funded. “We are stress- 
ing practical applications, not 
basic research.” he emphas- 
izes. “with projects that are 

Where Is TV’s Killer Ap? 

People want video-on-demand, but they * are not willing to pay pi u. 

X nteractive television has been promised how they I Morris showed that 

user-oriented, taking into ac- 
count the needs of doctors, 
health care managers and pa- 

From the private sector, 
the Midjan Group was 
formed in 1996 to promote 
information technology and 
telecommunications for 
health care, health preven- 
tion and the training ofhealth 
professionals. It is an ad hoc 
association of 30 European 
commercial, governmental, 
industrial and academic or- 
ganizations whose expertise 
covets both telecommunica- 
tions and health care. 

Mr. Rossignol of the 
French Ministry of Health is 
also chairman ofMidjan. The 
first activities of the group, he 
says, have been to raise the 
level of a wareness of national 
authorities in the developing 
world and the telecommuni- 
cations industry at a number 
of international conferences. 

As an example, a 
telemedicine session was 
held in Beirut during the 
.Arab States Regional Con- 
ference on Telecommunica- 
tions in November 1996, 
showing cardiac surgery re- 
motely assisted by cardiolo- 
gists in Toulouse. Other 
demonstrations were pro- 

duced in Abidjan. Ivory 
Coast (sessions with Milan 
and Toulouse. May 1996); 
Midrand, South Africa (ses- 
sions with die French over- 
seas department of Reunion 
and Toulouse. May 1996); 
Brazil (July 1996); and Es- 
toril, Portugal (July 3997). 

The second phase started 
during the Wond Telemedi- 
cine Symposium held in Es- 
toril. Founding members of 
the Midjan Group decided to 
form a nonprofit association 
under French law', open to 
participants from European 
Union states. European Free 
Trade Area countries, 
Switzerland and Malta, as 
well as observers from other 

Members of the Midjan 
Group are involved in con- 
crete applications that show 
evidence of telecommunica- 
tions and information-tech- 
nology advantages for health 
care delivery, public health 
organizations and the train- 
ing ofhealth professionals. 

One major milestone of the 
work plan will be the World 
Telecommunication Develop- 
ment Conference, to be held in 
Malta from March 23 to April 
1. 1 998. The conference is 
expected to attract about l .200 


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senior telecommunications 
■ officials from government and 
industry. It will be followed 
later next year by a second 
World Telemedicine Sym- 
posium in Buenos Aires. Ap- 
plications for telemedicine 
will also be shown at the 
ITU's Telecom Interactive 97 
exhibition, which begins 
today in Geneva. 

The promise held by 
telemedicine was summed 
up by one participant at the 
Portuguese meeting, who ob- 
served that 10 communicable 
diseases are responsible for 
80 percent of the health care 
problems in developing 
countries. “It would be use- 
ful to focus on how telemedi- 
cine and the ITU could con- 
tribute to efforts to control 
those diseases.” the sym- 
posium report noted 


I nteractive television nas oeen premia * . records showed tnai . 

for a long time, but has yet to amve. mfonnanon. ' b < ^ rime playing 

There are multiple reasons for the delay, they d 3* nt mav c i a f m they want etlu- 
one of them being that the so-called killer games. information services, but in feet 
application has proved elusive. _ for entertain- 

Serace providers thought that video-on- they are more ~ 
demand - which allows users to choose a meat- ^ nor willing to pay ’. 

movie at any time and watch it — would Nevertheless. enouah to make it ' 

bring in the lion’s share of the revenue, enough or use* nroviders can't charge 
enabling them to expand into other ser- cost a viewer to rent . 

V1C fo ‘l9 95. more than 50 videoon-demand the movie from their ^ ans wer 

( VOD) trials were taking place around the Where do we And. jn which 

worid VOD promised to usher in other seems to be near ^ , 

interactive television services, including the hlms begin e\ er> 1 .3 - . couU ^ 

games, banking and personal finance, shop- viewers never have l on t ’ . ^ 

ping, gambling and education services. Our provided cheaply by satelliM smd 
metamorphosis from couch potatoes to ac- companies on existing spare P 
five, intelligent viewers of material of our 

choice seemed just a step away. So what went \icbe applications . j 

wrone-i J The International Telecommunication Un- 

S ' ion’s World Development Report suggests 

It's the content, not the technology that niche applications will develop first- tor 

John Matthews, principal consultant with entertainment in aircraft and hotels. r " 
London-based consultancy Ovum says, ample, or in schools, universities and outer 
“The failure of VOD wasn't really down to educational establishments to extend tne 
technical problems, although -there were range of materials available to students at a 

some limitations, but To customers’ reluc- time that suits them. VOD cpuld also be used 
/• .i _ . -ti TnrI art theme narKs 

It's the content, not the technology 
John Matthews, principal consultant with 
London-based consultancy Ovum says, 
“The failure of VOD wasn't really down to 

tance to pay for the content. Customers will in museums and an galleries, theme parks 
pay to watch live sports or first-run movies, and bars, 
but not for movies that have been released for 

some time.” Web TV ...... , . e 

He adds, “As yet no one has had the The ITU’s Tim Kelly thinks the synthesis ot 
courage to lay out enough cash on content to TV and the Internet has tremendous im- 
attractT paying customers, because they - are plications for redefining the meaning or m- 
not at all sure thev would recoup their in- inactive TV 

vestment ” ' Ovum's Mr. Matthews takes the argument 

No wonder would-be service providers are one stage further. He says, "Hie future of 
hesitant A multimedia poll carried out by interactive TV will be primarily entertain- 
MCI in 1995 found that three-quarters of menl-oriented. but the combination of the 
those surveyed said they wanted access to set-top box and remote control device will 
libraries and educational programs most and allow the viewer to move seamlessly be- 
would also like video-on-demand. travel- tween ordinary broadcast TV' channels, pay- 

reservation services and videophones. 

Experience showed this was not the case. 
An AT&T interactive trial found that the 
most popular channels they offered provided 
entertainment, not information. 

per-view TV. Web surfing, and home shop- 
ping and other personal services." 

Given the number of disparate technol- 
ogies and providers involved to achieve this 
lev el of integration, it looks as if interactive 

\iUW.ll»UUIIWU^ UUL Ullvt | U0UV;Ui U 1 UUV.^1 0UU|L fcl IWIW W ■ * 

An AT&T spokesperson commented at TV could still be some time away, despite the 
the time. “We'd listen to people talking about progress of the interactive industry. A.T. 

The Next Challenge: Faster Access 

The bottleneck in the interactive-communications infrastructure is the “last mile " to homes and offices. 

T he tremendous growth 
in the interactive in- 
dustry has left the un- 
derlying infrastructure strug- 
gling to keep up. The problem 
docs not Jie so much with ihe 
long-distance links as with 
the “last mile” from the local 
telephone exchange to the 
home or office. 

In the developed world, 
the vast investments made in 
the 1980s by telephone 
companies have really paid 
off; they collectively spent 
many millions on digital 
switches and fiberoptic cable 
in their trunk networks. 

An unprecedented number 
of international links are be ing 
put in place at die moment, 
and the imminent widespread 
deployment of .Asynchronous 
Transfer Mode (ATM) by 
telecommunications compa- 
nies will enable them to ex- 
ploit infrastructure more fully. 
Meanwhile, in die last mile, 
comparatively little progress 
has been made, and down- 
loading anything beyond 
simple text and graphics usu- 
ally means a long and frus- 
trating vvaiL 

The access hurdle must be 
cleared if the interactive in- 
dusoy is to forge ahead. In 
the foreseeable future, taking 
fiber optics to homes and of- 
fices is not economically vi- 

able: it will take -many years 
to replace the estimated SI 
trillion worth of ordinary 
copper telephone wire in the 
world's access networks. 

Phone-line technologies 
In the face of such odds, tel- 
cos have looked to other tech- 
nologies. Integrated Service 
Digital Network (ISDN) is a 
means of providing a digital 
subscriber line that offers two 
channels, each of 64 kilobits 
per second. These can be ag- 
gregated to accommodate 
traffic, such as video, that is 
bandwidth-hungry: ISDN is 
being widely implemented by 

greater than that of the so- 
called return channel, by 
which users submit their or- 
ders for pizza or a movie or 
requests for information. 

Tim Kelly of the interna- 
tional Telecommunication 
Union ( ITU) says. “The vari- 
ous Digital Subscriber Line 
(xDSL) technologies cer- 
tainly have a. future, but we 
need to think about it being 
rolled out in the same way as 
ISDN. ISDN was defined in 
the 1970s and is only now- 
being widely deployed. Big- 
scale implementations within 
public networks are bound to 
be slow because ofthe scale 

operators, but it is expensive and complexity involved." 

to deploy and, until recently, 
equipment that could use it 
was prohibitively expensive. 
There are also questions now 
whether even 128 kbit/s is 
adequate, given applications 
that are demanding ever- 
greater line capacity.' 

Asymmetrical Digital Sub- 
scriber Line (ADSL), de- 
veloped and supplied by firms 
such as Alcatel. Amati. 
Globespan. Netspeed. Orckit 
and Westell, is another ap- 
proach to using the existing 
plant in the ground while rad- 
ically increasing capacity and 
improving performance. With 
.ADSL. line capacity into the 
home computer is much 

He adds. “It is not possible 
for telcos to replace existing 
access lines much faster than 
around 7 percent annually." 

Paula Uselis. a consultant 
for xDSL specialist Westell 
International. based in 
Chicago, says industry con- 
sensus reckons there will be 
about 200.000 lines using 
ADSL in 1998, but this will 
rise to around a million by 
200 1 . In short, this is a prom- 
ising technology, but not a 
quick-fix solution. 


Another solution that has 
been touted as the answer to 
access-nerwork bottlenecks 

The International Herald Tribune 
plan to publish a Sponsored Section in early 1998 on: 

Trade In 

Telecomm uintcahoivs 

• Trade in telecom equipment 

• Trade in telecom services 

• PTOs for sale: privatization and alliances 

• Accounting rates and alternative calling procedures 
(callback, internet telephony, voice over data networks) 

• Electronic commerce 

• New telecom players 

• Implications of the WTO agreement on basic telecom- 

• Results of the World Telecommunication Policy Forum 
on Trade in Telecommunications 

• Preview of the ITU plenipotentiary conference. 

This section is a joint initiative of 

the International Herald Tribune and the International Telecommunication Union 
For further information, contact your local IHT representative or Bill Mahdcr at the 
1HT in Paris. Fax; +33 1 41 43 92 |3 ore-mail: supplements^ 


> is the galaxy of new tech- 
iv nology — including Low 
r- Earth Orbit ( Leo) — satellite 
?r networks that are due to be 

launched in die next few 
i- years. They include Teledes- 
n ic (brainchild of billionaires 

- Craig McCaw and Bill 
e Gates). Odyssey, Iridium, 

- ICO, Globalstar and Astra, It 
e has been suggested that they 
i could provide high-speed In- 
s temet and other links. 

i John Matthews, principal 
t consultant with London- 

- based Ovum, is skeptical. He 
i comments, “Leos could fee 

> used to provide broadband 
i services to the home, but it 

will be at least five years 
‘ before such services could be 
j> offered. To begin with, only 
i ordinary narrowband will be 
available — the same as 
t offered by the phone network 
1 now. In addition, anything 
i could happen. It is by no 
■ means certain that Teledesic 
—or any ofthe others — will 
: go ahead, even.'' 


Market analysts Salomon 
Brothers favor another solu- 
tion — the use of cable tele- 
vision networks for two-way. 
multimedia traffic. Britain 
blazed the trail in allowing 
the cable companies to de- 
liver telephony as well as en- 
tertainment. In a report pub- 
lished in June concerning 
British cable operator Cable 
& tireless Communica- 
tions, Salomon Brothers' 
analysts wrote. “Our asser- 
tion [is] that a cable network 
is able to provide multichan- 
nel TV and telephony with a 
significant competitive ad- 
vantages against other pro- 
viders of these serv ices. This 
is possible due to its unique 
ability to bundle fcJdi 
products across one net- - 

There 1S n 0 doubt that • 

linn ,l a,ready P ,a y in gand ! 
will play an increasingly sie- • 

m beam role in supporting in- \ 

teractive services in the “ * 

nZZ™?!*- but il is not a : 
panacea. Many countries do ’ 
not have a highly developed • 
^ b,c " clx Jf rk - and countries 1 
hke the United States ani ! 
Belgium that have then, So 
not necessarily gain an ad- 
vantage because the h 
works are based on m l 
O lder technologies that ^ 5 

not easily be upgraded. 

Increasing capacitv in .l * 

; Se a : 
gradual process U sin7 " 
patchwork of tcchnoi? 3 * 

but there is no doubt th’fi 8 ' : 
access network is the * 

challenge. It is the kevtn th^ L 
interactive indiis trv ^ the ■’ 
the success of plavL • d to * 
industry. p ln thar * 
A.T. ! 

ull &&L 


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PAGE 24 



‘Alone’ in Locker Room 

Former NFL Back Who Wed’ Himself 
Laments Closeted Gays in Team Sports 

By Robert Lipsyte 

New Yori Tunes Sen ice 

D ave Kopay turned 55 dus year 
and began collecting his Nation- 
al Football League pension, an- 
other reminder, along with constant sci- 
atica and a knee that needs to t* 
replaced, of nine years as a running 

^•T didn’t put up big numbers, he 
said recently, "bur I protected the i passer 
and I cracked the linebacker in the ja»- 

I was known for that- . . 

He is better known for a more lastin = 

hit. In 1975, thinking he might crack a 
hole in the sporting world’s consouacy 
of silence, he publicly declared that he 
was gay. Twenty-two years later, he is 
still the only major team athlete in North 
America to come out so openly. 

-I feel frustrated because l still 
haven't figured out how to helpoiake 
more change,” Kopay said. "There s 
still so much gay-bashing in the country. 
The young gay athlete feels isolated, 
there's no network to reassure him he s 
not unique. I think some of the fights we 
hear about among pro football players 
have to do with one calling the other 
•fag. ’ The word still causes a panic. Y ou 
feel you have to fight, whether or not 
you’re gay. , . • 

"And you have to wonder about me 
gang rapes, all the sexual assaults in- 
volving groups of football players. Are 
they trying to prove their masculinity to 
each other? Are they using women as an 
excuse to have sexual experiences with 
each other? When I was in the NFL, I 
had group sex involving women as a 
way to have sex with men. often other 

Kopay, who reached across the years 
to initiate this conversation, lives in Los 
Angeles and works in a family-owned 
business, a supplier of flooring to movie 
studios. He is still an avid fan. 

Kopay was raised in Chicago and Los 
Angeles, and attended a Roman Cath- 
olic seminary before starring at the Uni- 
versity of Washington. In 1964, he was 
drafted by the San Francisco 49ers. 
where quarterback John Brodie dubbed 
him "psych" for his intensity. He also 
plaved for Washington. Green Bay. De- 
troit and New Orleans. 

Kopay was "out" to many of his 
teammates; black players in particular, 
he sensed, were willing to judge him on 
his value to the team. But he remembers . 
how close he came to fighting one of the 
Redskins' defensive linemen. 

"A total jerk, a big queer-basher and 
naturally a favorite of Coach George 
Allen." Kopay said. "He was a drunk, 
he did drugs, and he took money from 
homosexuals for sex. He had a couple of 
local queens as sugar daddies, but he 

never considered himself homosexual. 

**He started giving me A hard tune. 
We would have fought, but Leonard 
Hauss. the great center and a team lead- 
er stepped in. He told the guy to shut up, 
that I was a productive member of the 
team. The guy shut up." ... 

In 1975, two yearc after being cut 
from the Oakland Raiders taxi squad. 
Kopay read Lynn Roselliru s ground- 
breaking Washington Star senes about 
gay athletes and recognized an anonym- 
ous gav source as his former teammate, 
Jerry Smith, who would die of AIDS L 1 
yeah later without ever publicly corning 
out. Kopay and Smith had often talked 
about writing a book together. 

Kopay called Rosellini and became 
the kev" public name in her senes. In 
1977 he published a book, ' 'The David 
Kopay Story.” with Perry Deane 
Young. Bui in the 20 years since, there 
has been linle open discussion of big- 
leasue eay male athletes. 

"Ii's" so sad in this age of so many 
productive gavs. of such progress in th& 
courts, in human rights, that sports 
should lag so far behind," Kopay said. 
“Sports could be leading the way. 

‘■The main problem is with the own- 
ers. It's not necessarily homophobia, it’s 
their fear of losing money. These are 
ou vs who have gays in their front offices, 
who have gays plan and run their parties. 

I don’t think fans care, and players aon U 
certain Iv not on a winning team. " 

Koptiv has always been something of 
a football conservative, contemptuous 
of “in your face” on-field antics. He 

speaks sentimentally of having played 
for Vince Lombardi: he admires such 
hard-line coaches as Bill Parcells and 
Mike Ditka. He is also still circumspect; 
Kopav refuses to discuss the rumors, 
some 'published, about the sexuality of 
past and current stars. 

-You’ve aoi some beautiful men out 
there who fuel other men's fantasies." 
Kopay said. "A lot of those stories are 
just that fantasies. And some are true. 
But outins people is not the point. I'd 
like to see the league or the players 
association issue a human rights state- 
ment in support of gay athletes. I’d like 
to see some way to reach out to all those 
hifih school and college athletes who 
need to talk to someone about their 
feelings. There’s a reason there's so 
much "suicide among young gay men. 
Thev feel so alone.” 

Kopay says he is happy and healthy, 
despite his aching old NFL bones. He 
misses athletic competition — the bad 
knee has canceled "psych’s" racquetball 
matches — and he misses the game. 

"If some pro or top college team 
called me to coach their running 
backs,” he said. "I'd be there m a 

Norway Books Its Passage to Finals 


Norway became the ninth nation to 
book its place in next year's World Cup 
finals, and the Netherlands all but joined 
it when both countries won important 
qualifying matches on Saturday. 

Ausnia took a decisive step toward 
the finals — or ar the least the runners- 
up playoffs — by beating Sweden. 1-0. 
in Vienna in a Group Four match that 
saw three players sent off. 

The victory, thanks to a blistering 
76th minute goal from Andreas Herzog, 
moved Austria to the top of the stand- 
ings. but the team slipped back to 
second when Scotland beat Belarus. 4- 
1. on Sunday. 

Anton Pfeffer and goalkeeper Mi- 
chael Konsel of Austria, and Roland 
Nilsson of Sweden, were all sent off. 

In Group One. Greece celebrated Fri- 
day’s announcement that Athens h3d 
been awarded the Olympic Gaines of 
2004 with an emphatic 3-0 win over 
Slovenia in Ljubljana that put it back on 
top of the standings ahead of Den- 

Croatia remained a point behind 
Greece and Denmark with a hard-fought 
3-2 victory over Bosnia, leaving all to be 
decided in the remaining few matches. 

The upset of the night came in the 

Group Three match in Lausanne, where important victory. 
Finland beat Switzerland, 2-1. to keep 
alive its hopes for a first-ever appear- 
ance in the finals. 

Finland moved into second place be- 
hind Norway with reasonable hopes of 
staying there. 

Jari Litmanen and Antu Sumiala 
scored for F inlan d, with Adrian Kunz's 


The jostling forposinons behind Ko- 

Woiri p Cup Qualifiers 

90th minute goal proving too little too 
late for the Swiss. 

Norway clinched its place in France 
in 1998 when it won. 1-0, in Azerbaijan, 
thanks to a 43d minute long-range goal 
from Chelsea’s Tore Andre Flo. Norway 
joins the world champion, Brazil, as 
well as France. Nigeria, Morocco, 
Tunisia, South Africa. Cameroon and 
Romania in the finals. 

While Norway wrapped up Group 
Three, the Dutch virtually wrapped up 
Group Seven with a 3-1 ctiumpn over 
Belgium, the nation with whom they are 
co-hosting the 2000 European cham- 

But there was no sharing of the spoils 
in Rotterdam, as the Dutch won with a 
solo effort from Dennis Bergkamp late 
in the game, which wrapped up the 

k I IV- — 7 . 

mania in Group Eight continued with 
Ireland winning, 4-2, in Iceland, and 
Lithuania bearing Macedonia. 2-0. 

Romania, which qualified for the fi- 
nals last month, won S-I in Liecht- 
enstein to maintain its perfect record, 
leaving Ireland. Lithuania and Mace- 
donia To fight for second place. Ireland 
meets Lithuania on Wednesday, and 
both teams go into die match with 14 

Germany, which has lost only one 
World Cup qualifier ever — to Portugal 
in i 9 g 5 — appeared to be headed for 
another defeat, also against the Por- 
tuguese. after Pedro Barbosa scored for 
the visitors in the 71s: minute. But Por- 
tugal lost its momentum when Rui 
Costa was sens off five minmes later and 
Kirsen equalized for the Germans nine 
minutes from rime. 

Germany and Portugal now both have 
16 points, one point behind Ukraine, but 
Portugal has played one more game than 
the European champions. 

Germany needs to win its last two 
home sanies. against Armenia on 
Wednesday in Dortmund, and against 
Albania next month, to ensure a trip to 
France next year. 

Gogean Grabs 
Brace of Gold, 
Then Quits 


Reuters . • 

manta s Otna e matchiiK 

thelndividual ap- 
world gymnast 

wg. S outta blare of gkg ■; 

JSTher final wo events -the 

Ter^o^Us enough to vault, 
Romania past Rnssia m lhe . rmal '■ 

S, Ttedfy rounded off a brilHrun we* 
fnr the 19-year-old who began the 
eL^orcbips by leading Romany 

t^d consecutive women * ♦£ • 

Thursday. She also won a bronze on the 
Va ‘‘li is the right time ro retire after 

these gold medlls ” said Goge^who 
nlans to start a university course shortly. 
“Idfda'twSnt to retire without winning- 

3 ^Tdon't have the same confident . 
that I can still compete at this level m 
two years when the championships wUI 
£ Orina, so it is the right rime to 

ret Gogean was helped through her final 
routine by a sellout crowd at the Majjey 
arena, who clapped along to music from 
Zorba the Greek during her enure floor 
exercise. , ^ , 

The judges appreciated the pertor- 
mance as much as the audience, award- 
ing her a mark of 9.800. 

Thar was just enough to allow her to 
edge her Russian rival. Svetlana Khoric- 
ina, who received the same score for her 
elegant effort. . ’ 

Gogean successfully defended .her 
world title on the strength of her su- 
perior qualifying mark. 

Khorkina’s silver was her second of 
the day, bringing the willowy Russian’s 
world championship medal haul to five 
— two gold, including the coveted all- 
round title, and three silver. 

Gogean began the day by winning the 
beamTagain getting the better of Khork- 
ina this time by 0.13 of a point. - 
Khorkina finished second with 
China's Kui Yuanyuan, with both re- 
gistering marks of 9.787, but was able to 
hold on to her position in the tie-break. 

Sergei Fedorchenko gave Kazakh- 
stan their first world championship gold 
medal by winning the vault. 

The 22-year-old from Issyk edged out 
Nikolai Krukov of Russia and Adrian 
Ianculescu of Romania, who also 
picked up their first world champion- 
ship individual medals, taking the silver 
and bronze. 


\ - 



Major League Standings 


W L 

Pd. GB 






New Yoik 














21 'v 
















4 V: 






Kansas Oly 















































New York 


























St. Louis 
















Los Angeles 





San Frandsco 78 









San Diego 







Anaheim BOO 000 010-1 S 0 

DaTroit 100 310 01X-4 4 0 

□.Springer, DeLucta (7) end lumen 
Ju.TMunpwn and Casanova Jenson 19). 
W-JuJhompsoti 13-10. L— D. Springer, 8- 
8. HP-Oetreit Hlgginson 124). 

Milwaukee 330 010 000-7 14 0 

Boston 100 000 000-1 7 0 

Eld red, Davis (81 and Levfa; Support 
Waidlri 121, D.Lowe (4), Hudson (81, MatKiV 
fV) and Hatteherg. W— Eld red. 12-12. 
L— Suppart 6-2- 

Chicago 000 000 100-1 6 1 

daw land 430 001 30fr-11 18 0 

Bora N. Can (1). Fordham (2). J. Dmwin 
(7) and Fobregas. Machado 13): Nagy, 
Shuey (9) and 5. Alomar. w-Nagy. 14-9. 

L— Bere. 3-1. HRs-Chicogo. Cameron U3». 
Cleveland. Roberts .2:, •-•iwjuei *4- 
Texas 000 001 000-1 4 1 

Toronto 012 002 OOfr-S 9 0 

Pa will. Santana (5). W-Heredla 17), Moody 
(B) and I. Rodriguez; '.V.WBllams, QuonhUI 
171, Piesoc (Bi, Escobar (9) and B-Santwgo. 
W-W. Williams, B-13. L— PovW- 2-4. 

Seattle 130 030 300-10 15 2 

Minnesota 200 020 200- 4 10 0 

Mayer, B. Wells (7). Timlin (9) and 
Da.WSson, Radke. Tra-MiHerfS). Nautty (7). 
Guardado (9). Aguilero 19) and Stembacti. 
W-Moyer. 15-4. L— Rodke, 18-8- 
HR&— Seattle. Ducey (31. Gnffev Jr (49). 

E -Martinez 125). Sheets (3). 

Oakland 002 022 021-9 14 0 

Kansas Gtv 310 000 110-4 15 0 

Qquist A. Small (7), Kirtinskl (81. Tauter 
(9) and Molina; Rusdv Canoscg (5), Service 
17), WWsenam (8), Bert (8) and 
MLSweeney. W — Qgulst. 3-5. L— Carrasco, 1- 

5. Sv— Taylor (22). HRs-OoMand, Lesher 
(41, Molina (1 1. Kansas City, J. King (21). 

BDltlmoro 111 310 411—12 15 0 

New York 200 110 401-9 14 3 

Key, Boskie (61. Orosco (7), Mills (7), 
Ra .Myers 191 and Hoiles Pettitte, Irabu (2), 
Rios (7). Lloyd (8) and Posada. W— Key. 15- 
B. L— Irabu, 4*1. HRs — Baltimore. R. 
Palmeiro (33). He* York, Stanley (14). 

New York 200 100 000-3 4 1 

Chicago 000 110 OOs-B 8 0 

Bohonon, McMtehod (71. Udle |7>. Y. 
Peroz (8) and Hundley: Tapani Phsdotta (S). 
Patterson (9) and Servo Is. W— Tapani 5-3. 
L-Bohanon, 4-4. HRs— New York, Hundlev 
(29), Huskey (19). 

Pittsburgh 001 102 020-4 13 3 

OKhiati 200 112 02 *— 8 10 0 

SchmWt Peters C61, WLWIlklns (7), Rincon 
(B) and Kendall; G.WhIJe, Sullivan (71. Shaw 
(91 and J. Oliver. W— SulBvan. 2-3. L — M. 
Wilkins. B-5 l 5v— Shaw (371. 
HRs— Pittsburgh F - Garcia 2 (21. Kendall 
(71. ClnannatL Reese (4), W. Greene CJ3i. 
Philadelphia 000 010 000— I 4 0 

Montreal 000 320 02X-7 11 0 

M.LeJter, Ryan (8) and UeberthaL- 
MUahnson, Tel fort (8) and Wktger. W— 
MUohnsaru 2-1 L— M. Letter. 9-15. HRs — 
Montreal. V.Guerrera (11), Strange (ill. 

SI. Louis 100 030 000-4 7 2 

Colorado 010 310 33K-I1 14 0 

Osborne. Fnsscatare CS>. C-Kinq (7). 
Bautista (8) and Pagnont F.CasWIo, S. 
Reed (7). DeJean 18) and Manwailng. W— F. 
Castilla 11-11. L-Osboma 3-7. HRs— St. 
Loute. McGwire 2 (121. Coloroda Burks 2 

Florida 201 010 000—4 4 0 

Los Angeles 101 120 20*— 7 1 0 0 

A.Femondez, Powell 1 7i, Staffer (8) and 
C Johnson; RMaitlnez, Qsuna (6), Guthrie 
CS), To.Wonell (9) and Piazza W—R. 
Martinez, 9-3. L-A. Fernandez, 17-10. 
Su-To. Worrell (34). HRs— Florida. Renteria 
(J). Los Angeles Piazza (33). 

Houston OOP 000 100—1 5 1 

San Fnmdsro 010 000 12*— » 9 0 

Reynolds. Magnetite 17], R-Springer (71. T. 
Martin (8), Hudek (8! and Pena Estes. R. 
Hernandez (71 Beck (9) and B. Johnson. 
W—R. Hernandez, 2-1. L — Reynolds. 6-10. 
Sv— Beck (35). HRs— San Frardsca Snow 
(25), B Johnson (9). 

Atlanta 000 000 002-2 2 0 

San Diego 101 180 30K-4 12 1 

Giavine, Gontz (71, Byrd (8) and J. Lopez, 
Edd. Perez (B); Ashby and C Hernandez. 
W— Ashby, 8-10. L-Glavine, 12-7. 
HRs— Atlanta McGrtff (21). San Diega 
Caminltl (22), C. Hernamtez (3)£ND 
Lbwcores: Ml, sag BC-BBO-- 




Baltimore 010 012 000—4 8 1 

New York W0 008 801— 1 4 0 

Erickson and Webslw; Mendaza 
Boeh ringer (71, MJRIvero (9) and Posoda 
W— Erickson. 16-5. L-Mendoza 3-a. 
HR— Baltimore, Berroa 04). 

Anaheim 001 030 010—5 9 1 

Detroit 120 400 00*-7 10 0 

Watson, Chavez (41, P.Horris (7) and 
Kreutec Moehler, Soger (6), M. Myers 17), 
Brocnll (SI, ToJanes 19) and Wateeck. 
W— Moehler. 10-10. L-Wcrtson, 11-10. 
Sv— ToJanes (27). HRs— Anaheim. Salmon 
129). Edmonds (22). Detroit Higglnson (25), 
Encamadan (1). 

Chicago 003 200 110-7 11 0 

dew land OM 140 10*-9 12 2 

Baldwin, McElroy i5). Levine (7), T. 
Castillo (7) and Karkavtce. Machado (81; 
Calon, A.Lopez (61. Mormon (7), MJocksan 

(7), Assenmacher (8), Mesa (81 and S. 
Alomar. W-Calon, 3-6. L-BoWwin, 11-14. 
Sv-Mesa (11). HRs-CWajga F. Thomas 
(31 1. M. Ordonez 131. Cleveland, Ma-YiraUams 
2 (31), Grissom (11). 

Texas 000 000 010—1 6 0 

Toronto tOO 010 00*-2 8 0 

Burkett Whiteside (7), Babes (8), 

Patterson (B) and I.Rodriguez; Hentgen, 
Escobar (9) and B. Scmtegc. W— Hentgen, 
15-9 L— Burkett, 7-12. Sv— Escobar (in. 
HRs— Texas. Ju-Gonzalez (34). Toronto. T. 
Evans O). „ „ 

MDwaufcee 001 001 000— 2 8 0 

Boston 007 110 Oix— 10 11 0 

Hamisdv Adamson (3), Villa ne [61. Fetters 
(81 and Mattieny. Levis (7); Wakefield, torsi 
(91 and Hatteberg. W— WokefleW. 10-15. 


L— Horn Isch, 0-1. HRs — Bostoa Garcia parra 
(26), M. Vaughn (32), Cordero (16). 

Seattle 814 201 100-9 10 0 

Minnesota 000 000 000-0 4 2 

Fassero and Da.WIbore Robertson, 
Fr.Rodriguez (3). Trombley (5), RllcWe (7) 
and O-MKer. W-Fassero 15-B. L— Ro- 
bertson B-12. HR— Seattle. Buhner (33). 
Oakland 010 330 200-9 IS 1 

Kansas City 000 002 001-3 12 0 

Lorraine. Wengert (7) and Mayner Appier, 
J. Walker (5). Bones 17) and Macfariant 
Stewart (9). W— Lorraine. 3-1. L— Appier, B- 
12. Sv— Wengert (2).HRs-Oakland. Splezlo 
(ID. Kansas Oly, Macftirtone (8). 


Pittsburgh 211 200 043-13 IS 1 

Qnchati OM 220 000— 4 II 4 

F.Cardava, WaHace (6), M.WBWre (81, 
Rtncan (8), Lobelle (9) and Kendall; 
Rem linger, Fe.Rodrtguez (4), Graves (5), 
PAJIAartlnez (8) and Taubensee. W— F. 
Cordova 10-7. L— Remllnger, 6-8. HRs — 
Pittsburgh- Dunslon (13). F. Garcia (3). 
NewYerfe 010 0M 121-5 9 i 

Chicago 001 000 lSx-7 10 1 

R-Reed, Wendell (7). Ro|as (81. Jo.Fronco 
IB) and Hundley, A-CashHo (8); Battste, 
H Tatis (B). Pisdotta IB), TAdams 19) and 
S enrols. W— Pisdotta 3-0. L— JoJ=ronca 4- 

3. Sv— T. Adams (14). HRs— New York, 
Huskey (20). Chkaga L Johneon (4). 
Servals (61. Sandberg (11). 

Rortda 003 200 000-5 10 0 

Los Angeles 000 040 T4x-9 12 0 

LHcmandez, Alfonseca (6). K. Miller (8). 
Cook (8) and Zaun: Park. D. Reyes (51, 
DreHorl (6), Hall (8), Radinsky (9) and 
Piazza. W — Hull 3-2. L— K. MflJer, 0-1. 
HR&— Florida Floyd 2 (5), Bonilla (16). Los 
Angeles. Zetle (251. 

SI. Louis 101 101 110 Ml 3—10 16 1 
Colorado 4M 0M 020 Ml 0—7 9 0 
13 innings 

Moms.C king r9l, Beltran (9). Rogg to (lit. 

E there ley (12), Petkavsek (13) and CWHice, 
Marrero (11). Pagnozzl (131; R-BoUey. 
MJMunaz (8). Leskanic 191 Dlpata (10). S. 
Rood (121. McCuny U3i, Beckett (131 and 
Marrjartng. Je.Reed (9). W-Eckerstey l- 

4. L— McCurry. I -4Av — PethovsekG] . HRs- 
-«t. Louis. McGwire (13), Planfier (41. Co- 
toroda Burks (2B),L. Walker (421 Helton (5). 

Second game 

5L Louis 100 OM 230L-4 12 0 

Colorado 100 3M 111 — 7 13 0 

S.Lowe. Fossa? (4j, Raggto (71. Froscatore 
IB). Painter (81. C.King rB) and Marrero, 
Lnmpkln (4), Difellce (8b Thomson. DeJean 

(8). M. Munoz (81. Leskomc (Bj, Holmes (9) 
and JaReed. W-Herfmes 7-2. L-C. Kmg 3- 

1. HRs— St. Louis, Lnmpkln (71. Coloroda 
Bichette (22j, Castilla (38). je.Reed nsj. 




oioo& PEimanhEiwo 


QjT/mfE. ON-m &C£Mti6m>W 
OFSOMZPAFriCUl/V®/ Mb rfe Te 
1 fiat W ^ ^ 

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WZKIll 0FH&&N&& 

cmmMmYtm/m;. m ^ 

&CW&& WmA$PU£HM>Aj. 
emervrroN NOF&mz'rm^ 

i\voHoi0,pmPBrp^N^>y r 

W XB&nrt UBA'9-5, GB£l-2-5. m 

Houston 0M 020 001-3 8 2 

San Francisco 100 000 04*— 5 5 1 

Holt, B. Wagner IB), Magnante (8) and 
Ausmus; Alvarez, Tavorez (7), Beck (9), R. 
Hernandez 19) and BenytiflL W— Tavorez. 6- 
A L— 6. Wagner, 7-7. Sv— R. Hernandez (2). 
HR— Houston. Bagwell (38). 

PMhnMpMa OOD 301 010-S S 0 
Monireal 000 TOO 200-3 8 1 

Schilling and Lieberthal; M-VolOes. 
DeHart (61. Wine (7). Bennetl (B>, BulTInger 

(9) and Wktfler. W— Schflling 15-10. L— M. 
Valdes A4. 

Attantu 311 300 100-9 11 0 

San Diego 0M 000 001—1 5 1 
G Maddux. Cottier (8), Ligtenberg (9) and 
EddPereu Hitchcock, Beigmon (4), H. 
Murray (4). Kroon (6), Curowno (9) and 
Flaherty, Romero (6). W— G. Maddux, 18-4. 
L— Hitchcock, 10-9. HRs-Allanta Ch Jones 
(19). A. Jones (171, G ioff a nhio (6). San 
Diega sntotoy (5). 

Japanese Leagues 

























Hans hin 
















































Nippon Ham 













If rir/rtt mth it ymmnns. Dnipi*! & Bki*trw»l In fhue F Smith i- tirmuinuriit/ Hmihl Tnlvm Pnmmltijn Ud. 




Saturdays Games ° 

Yomiuri 6, Chunlctii 2 
Yokohama 1, HonshinO 
Hiroshima vs. Yokult ppd. rain. 


Onx 5 Dalei 0 
Seibu 5. Lotte 2 
Kintetsu A Nippon Ham 1 



Hiroshima 4 Yakutt 1. 7 Innings, rain 
Yokohama 5. Hanshhi 2 
Yomiuri & Chunlctii 4 

Lotte 2 Seibu I 
Datel S Orix 3 
Kintetsu 6, Nippon Ham 3 


Major College Scores 

Alfred 3ft Kings Po.O 
Budmell 23. Duquesne 16 
Hortwick 42, Muhlenberg 17 
Hofstra 24 Boston U.14 
Malm 30, Rhode Island 14 
Marshall 35, Amy 25 
Pew St. ll Pittsburgh 17 
OoddSl Newberry 13 
Clemson 23. Apaalachian St. 12 
LSU 55. Tmms-El Paso 3 
Lambutti 36. Malone lo 
Mississippi 23, Southern Mettv 15 
Mississippi St. 35. Kentucky 27 
N. Carolina St. 45. Duke V 
North Carolina 23, Indiana 6 
Ohio U. 21, Maryland 14 
Oklahoma St. 31, SW Louisiana 7 
S. Carolina St. 11 Oiaiteston Southern 12 
South Carafmo 31 Cent. Ftettda 31 
Tukme 31, Cincinnati 17 
Utah 27. Louisville 21 
Wake Forest 27. Northwestern 20 
Wiffain S. M»y 29, Georgia Southern 28 
Iowa 44, N. Iowa Q 
Kansas 17, Texas Christian ID 
Kansas St. 47, N. Ilflnols 7 
Michigan SL 42, W. MWiigon 10 
Missouri 44, E Michigan 24 
Notre Dame 17. Georgia Tech 13 
Qberiin 14 Thiel 17 
Tohdo 36, Purdue 22 
Wisconsin 28. Botee ST. 24 
Wittenberg S2. Bhrffhm 0 
Abilene Christian 25, SWOMahomo ft 
, A* Forte Jl. Rice 12 
Arkansas 2& NE Loutelona 16 
Oklahoma 34. Synsevse 34 
Texas 4B. Rutgerel 4 

Texas AiM 59, Sam Houston SI. 6 
Tons Southern 31. Alabama St. 6 
Baylor37. Fresno St. 35 
Col Poly-SL02aUC Davis 19 
Ptarida St. 14 Southern Cal 7 
Idaho 44 Portland 51. 0 
Nevada 31, UNLV 14 
New Mexico 61, New Mexico St. 24 
Northeastern 24 51. Marys, CaL 16 
Oregon St. 3i North Texas 7 
Stanford 28, San Jose St 12 
Tennessee 3d UCLA 24 
Utah St 41, Idaho St. 7 
Washington 42. Brigham Young 20 
Weber St. 29, Western St^Cota. 13 
Wyoming 54 Iowa St. 10 



Toronto B 2 0 16 334 170 

Montreal 8 3 0 16 2te 310 

Winnipeg 2 8 0 4 239 301 

Hamaron 1 10 0 2 221 34a 

Edmonton B 3 0 1 6 30a 259 

British Columbia 6 4 0 12 304 274 

Calgary 5 6 o 10 300 Jte 

Saskatchewan 4 6 0 8 206 277 

Edmonton 24 Calgary 20 

Montreal 30. Hamilton 18 


Italian Grand Prix 

30 6. TUG lam. !M.»e-iiittM. 

1 . David Coutthard. Britain, McLaren, 1 h. 1 7 
m. and 4609 seconds (238.036 kpht 

2. Jean Alesi France, Berwtlon at 1.937 s 

3. H-H. Frontzea Germany. Williams 4343 

4. Gtancorlo Fteldiella. linty. Joraon 5571 

5. Jacques Vllleneuve. Can. Williams 6.416 

6. Michael Sdiumocher. Ger. Ferrari 1 1481 

7. Gerhard Berger. Austria Benetton 12471 
& Eddie I mine, Bnlala Ferrari 17439 

9. Mika Hakkinea Finland. McLoren 49J73 

10. Jama Truitt. Italy, Prost 1:02.706 


after 13 rounds: 1 . Schumacher. 67 points.- 2. 
Vilteneuva 57; 3. Alesi 28; 4. Hahu-HaraM 
Frenaea 27; 5. Coutthard. 24 6. Berger. 21; 7. 
Irvine, 18; B. Flskholla 17; 9. ORvier Paris, 
France. Prast 15; 10. HakUnca 14- tie Johnny 
Herbert Brttnlrv Sauber 14. 

rari 85 palms 2. wnuams 84 3. Benetton 53.-4. 
AAcLaren 3& 5. Jordan 28; 6. Prosl 2tt 7. Sou- 
ber 1 5i a Arrows 7; 9. Stewo rt & 10. Tyrrell 2. 



Leicester 26, TABan 10 
Leinster 25. Toulouse 34 

Swansea 25. Waspe3) 


Brive 54 Scottish Borders IB 
Pontypridd 15, BaTh21 

Harlequins 48, M unster 40 
Bouigoln 24 Cardiff 25 


Caledonia 14 Llanelli 23 
Treviso 18. Pav 19 


Dax 32, Fanil Conslanta 20 

Nkej4. Begles- Bordeaux 25 

Toulon 19, Bezieis 14 


U.S. Open 

World Cup 


Tour of Spain 

Leading results Saturday of let stage of 
22 -stage. 3, 784 km (2332 mles) Tour of 
Spain cycling race —« igo km (96-mlto) leg 
from Lisbon to Eutorti: 

1 Lor Mlchae/seri Den. TVM, 4 M JTlJ2 S 
2. Claudia CWaoucd, Italy. Aaks-Cga, SJ. 

1 Laurent Jatobert. France, ONCE, s.t. 

4 Fabrizki Guldl Inly. Scrigno-Gaeme. si 

5. Maura Benin, Italy. Refin-Mobllvetta. s.L 

6. Roberto Pettta Italy. Saeco. s.t. 

7. Maunzto Fandriesl Italy, Cofidls. sJ. 

8 Eddy Modzolenl Italy. Saeco. si 

9. Massimtfiano GonNIL it. Cantina Totta, s.t. 

10. Abraham Otom. Spain, Bartesla s.I. 
Sunday rasulu ol 2d 225-kIlomotor (139- 

ntale) stage from Event tg VBomoure: 

1 , Marcel Wust Ger. Lotus, 5 h .42 m, 14 s. 

2. Jan Svarada. Czech R. MapeWJB. s.t. 

1 Guldl s.t. 

4 Endrio Lcwil Italy, Aki-Safl s.1. 

5, Aieesto Di Basea Italy, Saem it. 

4 A, PeMcchl Italy, Scriqno-Gaemo, s.1. 

7, G. Ralmon* It. Brescialat-Oyste s.t. 

& Frederica Cokmna Italy, Asics-Cga s.1. 

9, A. Vlerhoutea Neth. Ned-Pabobank. s.t. 
Id Jans Kooris, NettL Ned -Rabobank, si 
ovraall; 1, Midiaelsen. 9 h. 43m. 31 s. 
Z Chlapuccl of 4 s- 1 Jalabart at 7 s. 4 
Angela Canzontefl I (ah’, Saaca s.t. 5. Guldl 
at l0s-4 FrandscaCereza Spain, Esteoana- 
Tswrt, 9i 7, Eieuterio Angutta, Spain, Es- 
topona-TOKol, at 13 s. B. Andrea Vatleronl 
Italy, Sofgnii-Gaente. s.t.9, Peifte. of 1 4 s. ia 
Abraham Olano. Spain. Bateste. '.t. 


Croatia 3, Bosnia 2 
Slovenia d Greece 3 

standings: Greece 13, points; Denmark 
11 Croatia 1Z Bosnia 4' Slovenia 1. 

Switzerland 1, Finland 2 
Azerbaijan 0. Norway 1 
standings: v -Norway 17 palms; Fin- 
land I Ot Hungary 4 Switzerland 7; Azerbal|an 


t -qualified toriwg finals in Frees. 

Latvia 1, Estonia 0 
Austria 1, Sweden 0 
Scotland 4 Betonnl 

STANDINGS: Scotland 20 paints; Austria 
Id Sweden IS- Latvia Itt Belarus * Estonia 


Luxembourg 1, Cvaras 3 
STANDINGS: Bulgaria IS points; Russia 
14 Israel 13s Cypres 7; Luxembourg 0. 


Faroe Islands a Czech Republic 2 
standings: Spain 20 points; Yugoslavia 
19) Slovakia 15. Czecn Republic Kfc Faroe 
Islands 4' Malta 0. 

Netherlands 3. Belgium 1 
STANDINGS; Netherlands 1 B points- Bel- 
gium 15: Turkey itt Wales 7; San Marino 0. 

Iceland 2 Ireland 4 
Lithuania 2 Macedonia 0 
Liechtenstein I , Romania 8 
STANDINGS: x-Romanta 24 ooints: Ire- 
land 14' Lithuania 14 Macedonia 11 ketond 
6i Liechtenstein 0. 
x-d uplifted far 1 99B finals in Frace. 

Armenia 1 Albania 0 
Germany 1, Portugal l 
STANDINGS: Ukraine 1 7 points; Germany 
14 Portugal 14 Armenia fe Northern Ireland 
7; Albania 1 . 


South Korea 1 Kazakhstan 0 
japan 4 Uzebektetan 3 
STANDINGS; Japan 3 oalrtts; South Ko- 
rea 3: Uzbekistan a- Kazakhstan t United 
Arab Emirates fl 


Sri Lanka 2, Pakistan 0 

Potond 1. Hungary 0 
Colombia 2 El Salvador 2 

Dados 1 Columbus 0 
Kansas City 2, Colorado 1 
San Jose4 New York-New Jersey 0 
standings: Eastern Conference x- 
D.C. 48 pointy Tampa Bay 39; Columbus 32; 
NY-NJ 2® New England 28. WftMern Om- 
terenee x-kansos City 46 points; DoBas 3 4 
Coterado 3Si Los Angeles 24 San Jose 27. 
x-dinched playoff spat 


Real Bette 1. AIMeHe Bilbao 1 
Attetwe Madna S, ValladeiKl 0 




Venus Williams. UJ. def. Irma Spfrtw 
(11). Romania, 7-6 (7-5), 4^, 7-6 (9-71. • . 




Greg Rusedski Britain, def. Jonas Bjortc- 
man. Sweden 6-1. 3-4 3-4 6-1 7-5. 

Patrick Rafter (13). Australia, def. Mkhoei 
Chang (2). U5. 6-3. 6-3, 6-4 



Lindsay Davenport, U.S. and Jana Novot- 
na. Czech (31, def. Gigi Fernandez, U.S. anb 
Natasha Zvereva Betarw (1 1,6-16-4. j 



Martssa lrvfa\ and Alexandra Stwensan. 
U5. (6), def. Caro Black, Zimbabwe, and 
Irina 5el|irtina Kazaljrtnn (1|, 6-2 7-6 (7-31 1 



Fernanda Gonzalez and Nicolas Massd. 
Chile (1), def. Jean-Rene U&nard and 
Michael Uodro, France. 44 6-4. [ 




Caro Black (1), Zimbabwe, def. KUrfine 
Chevalier, Franca 6-7 (5-7), 6-1, 6-3. 



A maud di Posauaie i4), Fr. def. Wesley 
Whttehouse (3l, 5. Africa 6-7 (4-7), 6-4 6-1. 

European Mastebs 

Final tending scorns Sunday of the $1.28 
mimon European Masters on ■ 6.747-yard. 
par-71 Crena-Sup-Bterra. Swttwrfand: 

Castnnttno Rocca. it. 
Robert Kurtewn, Swe. 
Scott Hennerum, Scot. 
Potrik S jo land. Sire. 
Peter Lnnartl AusfL 
Zhang Uan-WeL Tat 
Ronan Rafferty, N. Iri. 
Darren Clarka N.lrf. 
Nick Faldo, England 
Sczrtt Hacte U.S. 

C Marttgomeria Scot. 


Daman three garr 

from Buffalo, aa. 

lunta for player 

Javier Valentin In 


Calirmbus, I L 




Wtlng Kansas C 
Aug. 30 game. 

Charlotte, IL 

iium i 

fram Las vega 

- — 

contract with 

LOS ANgel 
15 2 -year com 




, OMiojtati 
S tanemok » 
1 997.98 sasi 


72-64-68-«— 266 
71-66-65-66 — 268 

66- 07-67-68— 268 

67- 67-67-oS — 269 
67-606769— 269 
*6-6568-71)— 2£9 
73666765— 271 

EMBER 24. 1997 



PAGE 25: 


Clemens 5 2-Hitter Blanks Rangers 

The Associated Press 

Roger Clemens pitched a two-hitter 
on Sunday, tying Jack Morris’s Toronto 
club record for victories in a season with 
his 21st, leading the Toronto Blue Jays 
to a 4-0 triumph over the visiting Texas 

Clemens (21-5) struck out 14, his 

12th time this season with 10 or more 
strikeouts and the 80th in his career. He 
struck out six of the last nine batters, 
including the side in the ninth. 

. He didn’t walk anyone in what was 
his third shutout of the season and 41st 
of his career. The complete game was 
his ninth of the year, tying him with 
teammate Pat Hentgen for the American 
League lead, and the shutout lowered 
his ERA to 1.85, best in the AL. 
i The only hits off Clemens were 
singles by Juan Gonzalez in the fourth 
and Rusty Greer in the sixth. 

Clemens got into trouble only once, 
but got Gonzalez to ground out weakly 
to second with two out and runners at 
first and third in the sixth. 

In the seventh, Clemens came up 
limping after covering first on a ground- 
oul Clemens lay on the turf while the 
trainer examined his right leg, which he 

Orioles beat the Y ankees for the seventh 
time without a loss this season, 4-1, to 
increase their AL East lead to 91* games 
over New York. 

(Jeronimo Berroa homered as Bal- 
timore sent the Yankees to their sixth 
straight loss Saturday — their worst 
skid since an eight-game slide in August 
1995 — and ninth defeat in 10 games. A 

Baseball Bound 


• appeared to jam into die bag. However, 

got up after about a minute, 
Jhen proceeded to strike out the next two 
batters to end the innin g. 

Red Sox 11, Browers 2 Troy O’Leary 
hit his first career grand slam. John 
Valentin homered twice and Bill Hasel- 
-man, Jeff Frye and Wilfredo Cordero 
also homered for host Boston. 

The Red Sox tied a season-high with 
six home runs and avoided elimination 
in the AL East for the second con- 
secutive day. 

Milwaukee fell five games behind 
Cleveland in the AL Central- The In- 
dians played Chicago at night 

Butch Henry (6-2) earned his first 
victory as a starter since Aug. 10, 1995. 
He missed all of last season after having 
tendon transplant surgery in his left el- 
bow, then pitched out of the bullpen 
before being added to the rotation Sept 

.' Henry allowed one ran on six hits and 
two walks in five innings, striking out 
two. In two starts lasting 10 innings, he 
has an ERA of 1.80. 

, Jeff D’Amico (8-5) allowed seven 
runs on eight hits in four innings, f ailing 
to make it through the fifth for the first 
time in 16 starts. 

; In games played Saturday : 

OriolM 4, YanL n an 1 ScOtt Erickson 
pitched a four-hitter, and the Baltimore 

crowd of 52,535 saw the Orioles match 
their biggest lead of the season, winning 
for the third straight day at Yankee 

Indians 9, White Sox 7 Man Williams 

hit two homers, including a go-ahead, 
two-run shot in a four-run fifth as host 
Cleveland won for the seventh time in 
nine games. 

Tigers 7, Angola 5 Bobby Hi gg in son's 
third grand slam of the season and rook- 
ie Juan Encarnacion’s first career homer 
powered host Detroit. 

Rod Sox 10 , Browers 2 Making his 
first start for the Brewers since a bitter 
departure from the Mets, Pete Hamisch 
gave up seven runs in the third innin g . 

Reggie Jefferson, Wilfredo Cordero 
and Scott Haneberg all bit two-run 
doubles in the third. Cordero, Mo 
Vaughn and Nomar Garciaparra also hit 
solo homers for host Boston, which 
snapped a seven-game losing streak. 

Blue Jays 2 , Ranger* 1 1n Toronto, Pat 
Hentgen allowed six hits in eight in- 
nings for the Blue Jays. 

Hentgen ( J5-9) struck out six and 
walked three. The right-hander lost his 
shutout bid with two outs in the eighth 
when Juan Gonzalez hit a solo homer, 
his 34th. 

Mariners 9, Twins O Jeff Fassero won 
his 15th game with a four-hitter and Jay 
Buhner hit his 33d borne ran, leading 
visiting Seattle over Minnesota. 

Athletics 9, Royals 3 Scott Spiezo hit a 
two-run homer and matched a career 
high with four RBIs. leading visiting 
Oakland over Kansas City. 

Giants 5, Astros 3 A throwing error by 

Jeff Bagwell, who earlier hit his 38th 
homer, gave die host Giants the go-ahead 
run in the eighth inning as San Francisco 
defeated the Houston Astros. 5-3. 

The Giants, who began the eighth 
trailing 2-1 in Saturday’s game, scored 
four runs to win in their last at-bat for the 
I8tfa time this season. The Astros' lead 
dropped to games over second-place 
Pittsburgh in the NL Central. The Giants 
stayed two games behind NL West- 
leader Los Angeles. 

Dodgers 9, Martin* 5 Todd Zeiie hit a 
tie-breaking homer in the eighth, and 
Eric Young tripled home three runs for 
host Los Angeles. 

Cliff Floyd hit a pair of two-run 
homers and Bobby Bonilla hit a solo 
home run to give the Marlins a 5-0 lead 
after four innings. 

Pirates 13. Reds 4 Shawon DunSlOO 
homered and drove in three runs, ex- 
tending his remarkable start with Pitts- 
burgh, and Tony Womack had four hits 
and four steals. Visiting Pittsburgh won 
for only the fourth time in 13 games. 

Dunston, recently acquired from die 
Chicago Cubs, had a sacrifice fly, a solo 
bomer and an RBI single as the Pirates 
jumped out to a 6-0 lead against Mike 
Remlinger (6-8). 

Cub* 7, Mats 5 Scott Servais hit a 
three-run homer and Ryne Sandberg ad- 
ded a solo shot in a five- run eighth inning 
as host Chicago won its fourth straight. 

Sandberg hit his 1 1th home run lead- 
ing off the eighth against former Cub 
Mel Rojas to trim Mets lead to 4-3. 
Doug GlanviUe singled and Mark Grace 
greeted John Franco (4-3) with a game- 
tying double. 

Cadmab 10, Rockies 7; Rockies 7, 
canbuisB Willie McGee's sacrifice fly 
and pinch-hitrer Tom Pagnozzi’s two- 
run double in the 13th gave visiting St. 
Louis the win in the first game of a split 
doubleheader, snapping Colorado's 
nine-game winning streak. 

Dennis Eckersley (1-4) got his first 
NL win in more than 11 years and 
Deliso DeShields went 4-for-6 for Sl 
L ouis. Mark McGwire also hit another 
long homer for the Cardinals. Jeff Mc- 
Curry (1-4) took the loss. 

Braves 9, Padres 1 Greg Maddux al- 
lowed four hits in seven innings as he 
won his 18th game to lead visiting At- 
lanta over San Diego. 

Maddnx (18-4) allowed only four 
singles and struck out five. Maddux, who 
did not walk a batter for the 16th time in 
his 30 starts this season, was lifted for a 
pinch-hitter in the eighth inning. 

The Braves put Maddux ahead with 
three runs in the first inning and added 
solo homers by Tony Graffinmo, Chip- 
per Jones and Andraw Jones. Andrew 
Jones, who had three RBL also added a 
two-run double. 

Ph HBc* 5, Expos 3 Curt Schilling 
pitched an eight-hitter with 10 strikeouts 
to increase his major-league lead as 
Philadelphia beat host Montreal. 

Mike Lieberthal drove in three runs 
as Philadelphia won for the fifth time in 
six games. 


kin kulUi/fcniif* 

Southern California’s Chris Claiborne sac Wag Florida State’s Thad Busby. The Seminoles triumphed. 14-7. 

f Notre Dame Wins One for New Coach 


i ,L 

7 The Associated Press 

Bob Davie promised to raise the en- 
ergy level at Notre Dame. Instead be 
raised the pulse rate of Fighting Irish 
fans everywhere. 

Autry Denson scored from a yard out 
with 2-37 left as the llth-ranked Irish 
made Davie sweat out his coaching de- 
but before beating Georgia Tech, 17-13, 
on Saturday. 

fourth quarter following Tech intercep- 
tions of Powlus passes. 

No, 1 Poitn St. 34, Pittsbiwgb 17 Mike 
McQueary threw for a school-record 
366 yards and two touchdowns as host 
Penn State won its season opener. Mc- 
Queary, a fifth-year senior who was a 

when safety Dexter Jackson stopped Tro- 
jans receiver Billy Miller for no gain after 
_ .knrt wunnlMinn AH fiUITllv4irui/ St 

a short completion on fourth-and-6 at the 
' 1 26 with 2:20 remaining. 

“We didn’t play as well as we could 
; didn't 

«have and we didn't play as well as we 
[Should -have,” the relieved Davie said 
just outside the new locker room at 
renovated Notre Dame Stadium. And 
'we’re going to have to play a lot better in 
the future.” 


It was supposed to be a perfect day for 
i, playing before a crowd of 



Jhe Irish, playing befot- 
80,225 — about 21 ,000 more than the 
,old stadium held. But just like the past 
few years under Lou Holtz, the Irish 

^showed they are still slow starters. 

* Last season, Ron Powlus rallied the 
I 'Irish to a 14-7 season-opening victory 
’Over Vanderbilt. Two years ago, Notre 
JDame lost its opener, at home, to Nortn- 

■ western 17-15. . , . 

■ "■ . Again, this time with Denson picking 

Up most of the yardage, Powlus helped 
rescue the Irish on the winning drive. 

' “On the sidelines, we made up our 

minds, death before defeat, said Den- 
.son. who accounted for 44 yards on the 
' 70-yard drive that had the fans cheering 
’ . L for the rest of the game. ‘ ‘It was now or 

' never, but we chose now.” 

. ‘ A good thing, too, since Georgia 

Tech nearly pulled-off the upset as n led 
13-10. at the time. However, Dave 
Frakes missed two Field goals in the 


backup the last four years, also set a 
school record with 370 yards in total 
offense. .1 

No. 2 Florida 82, Central J 

Doug Johnson tied a school record with 
seven touchdown passes in the first hall, 
and host Florida set a modem school 
record for points in a game. Freshman 
Bo Carroll rushed for 159 yards and two 
touchdowns on just seven cames. 

No. 3 Tonne**** 30, UCLA 84 Peyton 
Manning passed for 341 yards and two 
touchdowns as visiting Tennessee held 
off UCLA despite Cade McNown s 
400-yard passing performance. Man- 
ning^ the preseason Heisman Trophy 
favorite, completed 28 of 49 passes. 

No. 4Ufci*hington42, No- 1987X1 20 At 

Provo. Utah, Rashaan Sfaehee ran for 
171 yards and scored two touchdowns 
as Washington ended BYU s nauon- 
best 1 2-game winning streak. Brock 
JhLd threw for 285 yards and three 


T Dee Feaster scored on a ^-yarf run widi 

ICbtt left ra give visil . in S 

iB first mee.ingw^Soulhem 

Cal. The Seminoles clinched the 

Seminoles __ 

No. 7 North Carotin* 23, Imfian* 6 At 

Chapel Hill, Jonathan Linton rushed for 
a career-high 121 yards and North Car- 
olina’s defense had five first-half sacks 
to spoil On" Cameron's debut as In- 
diana coach. 

No. 8 Colorado 31 , No. 84 Colorado St. 

21 Interceptions by Rashidi Barnes and 
cus Was " 

Marcus Washington early in the third 
quarter helped Colorado rally to beat 
Colorado State at Boulder. Colorado 
was trailing 14-7 when Barnes re tinned 
his theft 26 yards for a ty ing touchdown 
with 13:58 left in the period. 

No, 10 LSU 55, Ttexsa-El 3 Kevin 

Faulk scored three touchdowns in the 
first half as host LSU overcame numer- 
ous penalties and mistakes to rout Texas- 
El Paso. Faulk, who gained 84 yards on 
12 cames, left the game two minutes into 
the third quarter after pulling his left 

hamstring on a 40-yard run. 

No. 12 Ibxas 48, Rat9* r * 44 Ricky 
Williams ran for 155 yards and three 
touchdowns and Aaron Humphrey had 
three interceptions for the host Long- 
horns who overcame a turnover-filled 
first half and the loss of quarterback 
James Brown. Brown left the game late 
in the first half with a sprained left ankle 
and didn't return. 

No. 1 7 Stanford 28, San Jose SL 1 2 At 

Stanford, linebacker Jon Haskins re- 
turned an interception 22 yards for a 
touchdown and the Cardinals remained 
undefeated in 16 season openers against 
San Jose State. 

V.*n i -impliril V^-itei li 

The Buccaneers" John Lynch tackling the Lions" Barry Sanders. Tampa Bay won, 24-17, over Detroit on Sunday. 

Bettis Powers Steelers Over Redskins 

The Associated Press 

The Pittsburgh Steelers got back to 
what they do best — giving the ball 
Jerome Bettis and getting out of his way 
— while Gus Frerorte kept doing what 
he does worst 

Bettis, the focal point of the Steelers' 
offense again after being virtually ig- 
nored last week in a 37-7 loss to Dallas, 
carried on all but two plays on a 72-yard 
fourth-quarter scoring drive, rallying 
host Pittsburgh past the mistake-riddled 
Washington Redskins, 14-13. on Sun- 

Bettis ran for 134 yards against what 
was the NFL’s worst rushing defense 
last season. He accounted for nearly all 
of Pittsburgh’s offense on its two scor- 
ing drives. 

New starting quarterback KoideU 
Stewart again was erratic, going 8-of- 17 
for 82 yards, but rushing for 70 yards 
and a I -yard touchdown on Pittsburgh's 
first possession. 

With the Steelers in danger of starting 
a season 0-2 for the first time since 
1993, Bettis ran for 46 yards on the 72- 
yard drive finished off by his 1-yard TD 
ran with 13:27 to play. 

The Redskins, playing without hol- 
dout nose tackle Sean Gilbert, gave up 

223 rushing yards and now have al- 
lowed 381 yards on the gronnd in their 
first two games. 

The Steelers (1-1) trailed 13-7 after 
Scon Blanton's two field goals — of 36 
and 28 yards — and Brian Mitchell's 
97-yard touchdown return of the 
second-half kickoff. 

Freroae, whose father, Gus Sr., 
watched him play in person for the first 
time since undergoing a heart transplant 
last spring, shredded the Steelers’ free 

NFL Roundup 

agent-depleted secondary for six com- 
pletions of 20 yards or more and 270 
yards on a 19-of-35 game. 

But Frerotte, again showing the up- 
and-down side he frequently displayed 
while trying to win the starting job last 
season as the Redskins faltered follow- 
ing a 7-1 start, twice halted long drives 
by throwing interceptions in the end 
zone following long drives. 

Frerotte was intercepted a third time 
near midfield by Chris Oldham with 23 
seconds remaining when a field goal 
would have won it for the Redskins ( 1- 

49a rs 15, Rams 12 No, Jim Druck- 

enmiller isn’t Steve Young. 

But he still did what San Francisco 
quarterbacks have done all decade — 
beat the Rams. 

Druckenmiller, who reported to the 
49ers just four weeks ago after being 
their No. 1 pick in the April draft, threw 
two TD passes as the visiting 49ers won 
their 14th straight game over the Rams. 

Druckenmiller's second TD pass was 
a 35-yard flip that Garrison Hearst ran 
into the end zone with 7:50 left in the 
game. It came after the fourth Sl Louis 
turnover, a fumble by Lawrence Phillips 
recovered by Tim McDonald at the 
Rams' 47. 

The 49ers, with Jerry Rice gone for 
the season with a knee injury, also had 
four turnovers, three on interceptions by 
Druckenmiller, in one of the sloppiest 
games these two teams have played in a 
rivalry that covers 96 games over 48 

But San Francisco ( 1-1} still found a 
way to win without Rice; Young, who 
sat out with a concussion, and backup 
quarterback Jeff Brohm. who has a 
broken finger on his throwing hand. 

It was the first victory for new 49ers 
coach, Steve Mariucci. 


BASEBALL Blue Jays Fly p. 25 SOCCER Norway Gains a Trip to France P. 24 FOOTBALL Steelers Down Redskins p. 25 

PAGE 26 

World Roundup 

Rocca Captures 
European Masters 

GOLF Constantino Rocca of 
Italy fired the lowest round of his 
career, a 9-under-par 62, to win 
the European Masters by one shot 
Sunday in Crans-sur-Sierre. 

Starting the final 18 holes tied 
for 18th place and five strokes off 
the lead, the European Ryder Cup 
player had a flawless round with 
an eagle and seven birdies. He 
finished at 18-under 266. 

Rocca then sat in the clubhouse 
for rwo hours before the rest of the 
Field finished. Nick Faldo, the 
third-round leader, carded a 70 
and shared sixth place at 269. 

It was Rocca 's first European 
Tour triumph since the Volvo 
PGA in May 1996. 

A 1 0-foot eagle pun at the first 
put him on his way and he col- 
lected birdies at seven holes 
through 15. Tied for second at 267 
were Scott Henderson of Scotland 
and Robert' Karlsson of Sweden, 
winner of last week's BMW Open 
at Munich. (AP) 

Michaelsen Increases 
Lead in Tour of Spain 

cycling Lars Michaelsen ex- 
tended his lead in the Tour of 
Spain on Sunday after escaping 
injury in a high-speed crash 500 
meters from the finish of the 
second stage. 

As a strung-out field of more 
than 170 riders swept through a 
long curve into the finish, the 
Dane and five others piled into the 
spectator barriers. 

Michaelsen made it to die finish 
line on the team’s spare bike be- 
cause his was damaged. Since he 
had fallen inside the final kilo- 
meter, he was credited with the 
same time as the winner, Ger- 
many’s Marcel Wust. 

So, too, were the other victims of 
the crash. Only Gabriele Balducci 
and Mirko Rossato of Italy needed 
treatment for slight injuries. 

Wusi’s victory did not disturb 
the top overall standings where 
Michaelsen opened his advantage 
ro six seconds over Claudio 
Chiappucci of Italy. Michaelsen 
had earned a deduction of two 
seconds for taking second place in 
one of the day’s three intermediate 
sprints. f Reuters ) 

Gunfire at Birthday Bash 
For Magic’s Dennis Scott 

basketball A gunman 
opened fire at a hotel during a 29th 
birthday party for an NBA player, 
Dennis Scott, early Sunday, leav- 
ing two guests hospitalized in se- 
rious condition. 

Police said the party for the 
Orlando Magic forward, which 
was attended by some 1,000 rev- 
elers, was held Saturday night at 
the Sheraton Premiere Hotel in 
Tysons Corner, Virginia, outside 
Washington D.C. 

A 2 1 -year-old woman and a 26- 
year-old man from Oxon mil, 
Maryland, were wounded in the 
shooting and admitted to Fairfax 
Hospital. Authorities have no de- 
scription of the gunman, and Scott 
was not charged. (AP) 

U.S. Triumphs in France 

rowing A young and inexper- 
ienced United States crew woa the 
premier men’s eight event on Sun- 
day, the final day of die World 
Rowing Championships in 
Chambery, France. The team of 
Garrett Miller, Robert Cummins, 
Timothy Richter, Robert Kaehier, 
Michael Wherley, Philip Henry, 
Sebastian Bea, Christian Ahrens 
and Pete Cipollone beat Ro- 
mania. (AP) 


It i 



Hingis Glides to Victory, 6-0, 6-4 

Swiss Powerhouse Storms to 3d Grand Slam Title of Year 

By Christopher Clarey 

Special ru the Herat d Tribune 

NEW YORK — Early in the first set 
of the women's singles final at the 
United States Open, Venus Williams sat 
on her chair at a changeover and ear- 
nestly read and re-read her list of tennis 
reminders. Twenty feet away, Martina 
Hingis blew her nose and took a sip from 
her water bottle. 

It was an image that neatly summed 
up what took place between the white 
lines at Arthur Ashe Stadium on Sun- 
day. Williams is still learning how to 
play this tricky, technical game. Hingis 
already knows. 

Her 6-0, 6-4 victory over Williams 
was more than a tennis lesson; it was a 
striking reminder of just how polished 
and accomplished Hingis is at 16 years 
and 1 1 months old. Before this season 
began, the Swiss enfant terrible had not 
won a Grand Slam singles title. She has 
now won three: the Australian Open, 
Wimbledon and the U.S. Open. Her 
only loss in a major this year came in the 

Slam this year, but I think I’m going to 
have many more tries in front of me,” 
Hingis said. 

Her overall record this season is 63-2, 
which is the sort of record her namesake 
Martina Navratilova was compiling in 
her halcyon days in the mid-1980s. 

“The scary thing is that she is going 
to get stronger and better,” said Lindsay 
Davenport after losing to Hingis in the 
semifinals in straight sets. 

Williams, the unseeded 6-foot-2-inch 
American who is three and a half 
months older than Hingis, will get 
stronger and better, too, but the gap 
between her and her fellow teenager is 
unquestionably large. 

The crowd was still settling in when 
Hingis broke Williams in the opening 
service game when the American 
shanked a backhand after a baseline 
exchange. It was a pattern that would be 

repeated often throughout the first set. 

final of the French Open to Iva Majoti, 


when she was still recovering her form 
after a horseback-riding accident re- 
quired her to undergo minor knee sur- 

“I could have gone for the Grand 

fill jams already had played Hingis 
twice this year on hardcourts similar to 
the DecoTurf II surface in use at the 
Open and had lost both times in straight 
sets because of her lack of consistency. 

Sunday brought more of the same, as 
she finished with 16 winners and 38 
unforced errors. She served well enough 
to trouble most players, knocking in 69 
percent of her first serves, but Hingis 

seemed to have little difficulty reading 
her speedy deliveries, and with Williams 
serving at 0-4 and 0-30, she knocked a 
backhand long past the baseline and 
Hingis took a playful swing at it as it 
sailed by, missing it intentionally. She 
was clearly feeling confident and when 
the first set ended in 22 minutes, the 
energy and bonhomie that Williams had 
sparked in Ashe Stadium with her emo- 
tional three-set victory over Irina Spirlea 
in Friday’s semifinals had been replaced 
by an awkward calm. 

It was as if the Swiss star was intent 
on sending a message to the promising 
Williams, who unlike Hingis has been a 
part-time pro for most of the last three 
years. Hingis was less sharp throughout 
the second set, but after Williams broke 
her for the first time to even the score at 
4-4, Hingis broke right back and then 
held her serve with ease. About the only 
time she looked awkward all afternoon 
was when she stood on a chair un- 
derneath the players' box and stretched 
to plant a kiss on her mother’s cheek. 

u Anyone who thinks tennis is strug- 
gling. should look at these two great 
young competitors,” said Hany 
Marmion, the president of the United 
States Tennis Association. “They are 
going to carry us for a decade or 

Top seeded Martina Hingis of Switzerland powering a return to Venus 
Williams of the United States in the U.S. Open final. Hingis won, 6-0, 6-4. 

Greece’s New Goddess: The Woman Who Got the Games 

Iniermuiorul Herald Tribune 

L AUSANNE, Switzerland — As 
Diana was being paraded through 
the tragic quiet of London, an- 
other kind of procession, a joyous re- 
incarnation of the finest Greek tradition, 
was being prepared in the opposite 
comer of Europe. 

It was to honor Gianna Angelo- 
poulos-Daskaiaki. the 41 -year-old 
woman who did what all the men in 
Greece failed to do seven years ago. She 
convinced the International Olympic 
Committee to award the 2004 Summer 
Olympics to Athens. At the same time, 
she peisuaded her countrymen to co- 
operate with each other, to continue 
trying to modernize their institutions 
and, most important, to let her do all the 
talking. On Friday night, her name 
could be heard in song throughout the 
Greek capital — Gianna. Gianna — like 
a transcendent echo of prayers being 
whispered elsewhere. 

“From what people have told me. the 
church bells have been ringing, there are 
people in die streets,” said Angelo- 
pouios. She was speaking of Athens. She 
explained, “Throughout the centuries 
we have thought of the Olympics as a 
way of life, as die way one lives. There is 
always enthusiasm for the Olympics. 

Vantage Poinf/l an Thomsen 

Everyone in Greece can feel it — they 
feel so proud, so proud and so happy.” 

Just as die British see themselves his- 
torically through their monarchy, the 
Greeks understand that they created the 
ancient Olympic Games and, centuries 
later, at Athens in 1 896, revived them for 
the modern world. The Games were the 
Greeks’ original idea, and yet in 1990 
they weren't deemed worthy of hosting 
the Centennial Olympics, which were 
held instead in Atlanta last summer. 

In April 1996. the Greek prime min- 
ister asked Angelopoulos, although she 
represented an opposition party, to 
oversee the latest Olympic bid for 
Athens. Angelopoulos is married to the 
Greek steel and shipping magnate, 
Theodore Angelopoulos. She is a law- 
yer, a former member of Parliament, 
and vice chairwoman of the John F. 
Kennedy School of Government at Har- 
vard. Within 17 months, learning how to 
deal with the IOC as she went along, she 
won a landslide 66-41 victory for 
Athens over Rome on the final ballot of 
the election Friday. 

She was the first woman to head an 
Olympic bid. and — if she accepts — 

will be the First woman to organize an 
Olympic Games. In a telephone inter- 
view Sunday, before her triumphant 
flight home to Athens, she refused to say 
whether she would oversee the new 
Athens Olympic organizing committee. 
By holding back, she will be able ro use 
her enormous popularity to negotiate 
concessions from government and busi- 
ness leaders in Greece. 

There seemed to be two phases to the 
Athens victory. After three rounds of 
secret ballots by the 107 IOC delegates. 
Athens had already won 52 votes, just 
two short of the "necessary majority. 
Many of those voters were sympathetic 
to the idea of returning the Olympics to 
Greece, especially after Atlanta had re- 
sulted in such an organizational, overtly 
commercial disaster. Angelopoulos 
won them over by emphasizing the in- 
frastructure improvements of her city, 
which is constructing a new airport, 
subway system and highways to alle- 
viate traffic and pollution. 

The second phase involved Primo 
Nebiolo, the controversial Italian who 
spoke on behalf of Rome during its 
presentation to the IOC Friday. Let no 

one ever again suggest that the 74-year- 
old Nebiolo holds power within the 
Olympic movement He may preside 
over international track and field, which 
is the most important Olympic feder- 
ation. bot in this election Nebiolo was 
plainly squashed by the 77 -year-old IOC 
president Juan Antonio Samaranch. 

Athens w on the final ballot in a land- 
slide because of a meeting on the eve of 
the vote between Angelopoulos and 
President Nelson Mandela of South 
Africa, who promised that most of his 
supporters would jump to Athens as 
soon as Cape Town was knocked out of 
the election. 

“There’s talk about a deal being 
struck between Greece and the Afri- 
cans." Nebiolo said afterward. “But 
how can they [Greece] guarantee South 
Africa gets die Olympics in 2008?” 

A fellow Italian member of the bid- 

ding^comminee answered the question 

for Nebiolo. The Italians believe that 
Samaranch arranged the Mandela- An- 
gelopoulos meeting. In return, appar- 
ently. Samaranch has promised to sup- 
port Cape Town should it bid for the 
Summer Olympics next time. 

“If they are running again, the bid for 
Cape Town can be very strong for 
2008." Samaranch said at a news con- 

ference Saturday. 

If Samaranch did influence this elec- 
tion, then a larger plan seems to be taking 
shape. In the last decade, the IOC has 
secured itself financially by choosing the 
Olympic cities that would provide the: 
safest, most efficient, functional — and, 
in the cases of Barcelona and Sydney — 
beautiful settings. Now, a different pri- 
ority has taken hold. Samaranch has 
renewed the IOC with 22 new members i j 
in the last four years, including several * 
former athletes. No longer is the IOC 
wedded to the most conservative choice, 
which in this election would have meant. 
Stockholm or Rome. 

Instead, the 2004 Olympics could af- 
ford to go to Athens, certainly in part 
because Samaranch wishes to link his 
administration with the roots of the 
Olympic movement. From there the - 
Olympics can expand to the uncharted 
commercial markets of Africa, South 
America and — in large part depending 
on its management of Hong Kong — ' 
China. . ' 

The next Summer Olympics election 
will take place in four years, at the end of 
Samaranch's tenure. All bids will be 
accepted, but everyone in the Olympic 
movement seems to realize that Europe 
and the United States need not apply. 


cam;-; ‘ n 

Pit- Stop Skill Helps Coultbard Capture Italian Prix 

Ccranl MienfAgcru Fnwe-Prc»« 

David Couithard of Britain hold- 

ing aloft his trophy after winning 
the Italian Grand Prix at Monza 
on Sunday. Jean Alesi was second. 


MONZA, Italy — David .Couithard 
of Britain won the Italian Grand Prix on 
Sunday and then dedicated his victory to 
the memory of Diana, Princess of 
Wales, whose funeral was held in Lon- 
don on Saturday. 

The 25-year-old Scot, who admitted 
to fighting with his emotions as the 
British anthem was played and the na- 
tional union was flag raised behind him 
while he stood on the victor’s rostrum, 
won the race in a McLaren car powered 
by a Mercedes-Benz engine. 

Asked if he dedicated his triumph to 
the late princess, Couithard said: “Yes, 
I am dedicating it to her memory. I was 
very aware of the mood of the country 
back home. 

“I had the pleasure of meeting her at 
Silverstone in 1995, when I finished 
second in the British Grand Prix, and 1 
still have a picture of her and the princes 
up at home. 

“For me, it was a very emotional 
moment today when the anthem was 
playing and the crowd was there on the 
track below me, the flag was being 
raised behind me,” he said “It all made 
me feel very emotional. 

“I felt very awkward about the idea 
of spraying the victor’s champagne on 
the podium and talked to the team about 
it during the final laps before the finish. 
In the end, we decided we should as it 
was the thing to do. but it was not 

Couithard 's victory was his second of 
the season and the third of his career, 
and the 10 points he won lifted him to 
fifth place in the drivers’ standings on 
24 points, 43 behind the leader. Michael 

Couithard came home 1.9 seconds 
ahead of Jean Alesi of France in a Be- 
netton, having made a brilliant start to 
the race, which lifted him from sixth to 
third on the opening lap. and then 
passing both Alesi and Heinz-Harald 
Frentzen of Germany in a Williams after 
a perfect pit-stop. 

He came in at the same time as Alesi 
at the end of the 32d lap and pitted in 7.4 
seconds compared to Alesi’s 8.7 and 
this advantage proved decisive. 
Couithard soon swept into the lead and 
stayed there to the finish. 

He came home ahead of Alesi with 
Frentzen third, Giancarlo Fisichella of 
Italy fourth in a Jordan, Jacques Vil- 

leneuve of Canada fifth in a Williams 
and the world championship leader, 
Schumacher, sboh in a Ferrari. 

Both Schumacher and Vilieneuve 
were unable to make any impression on 
the race, and the result left the German 
10 points ahead of the Canadian in the 
tide race with four of this year’s 1 7 races 

In the constructors* championship, 
Ferrari lead by only one point ahead of 

Coulthard's start and the McLaren 
team’s strategy and pit-stop speed com- 
bined to win him the race — and 
provided the only real passing move on 
a processional afternoon that ended with 
a somber podium. 

Apart from the pit-stops, between 
laps 28 and 36 of the 53-laps contest, 
there was little action to entertain the 
vast Italian crowd. 

Johnny Herbert of Britain, in a Sauber. 
who was forced off the circuit and into a 
high-speed collision with a wall of tires 
at the first chicane after a spill with Ralf 
Schumacher of Germany in a Jordan on 
lap 39. The driver was uninjured. 

Damon Hill of Britain, the defending 
world champion, also failed to finish the 

race after suffering engine failure in his 
Arrows car on lap 47. 

Alesi said he was annoyed at being 
beaten in the pits after leading the race 
for more than half of its distance. 

“It is just one of those racing things. 

My car was fast, but after the pit-stops I 
could not get past him again." 

■ Vilieneuve Gets Suspended Ban 

Jacques Vilieneuve was given a one- 
race ban, suspended for nine races, just 
three hours before the srarr of the Italian 
Grand Prix, Reuters reported. 

Vilieneuve was alleged to have ig- 
nored yellow warning flags during Sun- 
day morning’s warm-up session. 

The race stewards said in a statement 
that it was Vilieneuve *s third such of- 
fense this year. JV 

The statement said: * ‘A one-race sus- V‘ 
pension, itself suspended for the rest of 
the F 1 1 997 season and for the first four 
races of the 1998 season" would be his 

Vilieneuve can appeal but the timing 
of this heavy sanction, shortly before a 
race he needed to win to maintain his 

championship hopes, was bound to have 
t his concentration. 


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