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INTERNATIONAL 


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fc^ributt^ 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


The World’s Daily Newspaper 


L)0 l 


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New Political Currents 
Help Propel the Euro 

Obstacles Fall in Bonn and Paris 


■ By John Vinocur 

• • - international Her ald Tribune 

PARIS — Quietly, much of the 
hard -edge has come off the politics 
surrounding Europe's future common 
currency. It is now likely that the euro 
will move forward on time, avoiding 
both a German election conflict fo- 
cusing on its possible postponement, 
and an open French-German struggle 
for control of its future policy-making 
mechanism. 

The new circumstances developed 
over the past two weeks with the re- 

- NEWS ANALYSIS 

movaJ of two linked political 
obstacles that could have blocked or 
hampered the start-up of the euro. 

In one case, Gerhard Schroeder, the 
leading Social Democratic candidate 
for the nomination to face Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl in German national elec- 
tions next year, has unmistakably 
played down his willingness to rum his 
doubts about, the common currency 
into a central election theme. With 
Oskar Lafontaine, the other possible 
Social Democratic Party nominee, 
identifying himself as a clear sup- 
porter of the euro, ami the incumbent 
chancellor portraying the currency as 
his symbolic life-work, no major Ger- 
man candidate appeared willing to 
serve as vector for die country’s mis- 
trust about abandoning the Deutsche 
mark during the run-up to the euro. 

In the other development. Prime 
Minister Lionel Jospm of France 
stated his government's willingness 
to respect the full independence of the 


future European Central Bank, put- 
ting aside the French position that a 
■‘Euro Council" or “economic gov- 
ernment” was necessary to serve as 
its political chaperone. 

Taken at its word, Mr. Jospin's 
statement in effect removed a per- 
ceived French challenge to the German 
concept of a hard European currency, 
beyond the reach of political fiddling. 
With the issue of the euro essentially 
dormant in France, and the government 
here commuted to its punctual start, the 
prime minister was clearly seeking to 
eliminate doubts abour French inten- 
tions from the German debate. 

The events were separate from the 
burst of europhoria on London's 
stock market Friday based on re pons 
the Labour government was seeking 
sterling's entry into the European 
monetary union soon after the sched- 
uled start in 1999. But they contrib- 
uted to the same conclusion: that pol- 
itics and market sentiment had 
sufficiently moved so as to ensure the 
currency would start promptly, with 
only the unforeseen remaining as a 
potential source for derailment. 

Mr. Schroeder, who polls indicate 
now stands to beat Mr. Kohl in the 
October 1998 vote, softened his po- 
sition after the defeat in Hamburg re- 
gional elections of his ally Henning 
Voscherau, the city's incumbent may- 
or, who took a line virtually matching 
the national candidate's skeptical po- 
sition on the euro. With a few days to 
consider the results, Mr. Schroeder told 
the weekly DieZeit at the weekend that 
“European policy, the euro included. 

See EURO, Page 9 


As Mine Union Learns , 
It’s Now New Labour 9 


By Warren Hoge 

New York Times Service 

ASFORDBY, England — - The 
three men in blue public- works cov- 
eralls weeding the shoulder of the 
road just up from die clattering con- 
veyer belts of the Asfordby mine were 
asked where the plant entrance was. 

“Next turning on the left, mate," 
one of diem answered, leaning on his 
hoe. “And if you find any jobs down 
there, save one for me. ’ ’ 

The feet is, shortly there will be no 
jobs left even for the people who still 
have them at Asfordby, Britain’s 
most modem colliery and the last 
government-sponsored effort to pro- 
long the future of the country's once 
mighty coal industry. It is due to dose 
by the end of October and the few 
workers left are busy salvaging equip- 
ment, dismantling machinery and 
helping seal the pits. 

Conceived in 1977 under a Labour 
government beholden to unions, it is 
shutting under a new Labour gov- 
ernment with an eye on a collar of a 
different color. 

What is happening at Asfordby and 
what will be evident when the smartly 
turned-out members of "New La- 
bour" gather Monday in Brighton for 
the first annual convention under a 
Labour prime minister since 1978 
shows that the influence of unions that 
diminished dramatically under 18 
years of Conservative rule is continu- 


ing to ebb under the new government 
There was a time when Labour re- 
sponded to mine closings and layoffs 
by supporting national strikes. So 
when the shutdown of Asfordby and 
the layoff of 490 men were announced 
last month, Neil Greatrex, the president 
of the Union of Democratic Mine- 
workers, made the predictable demand 
that Prime Minister Tony Blair “come 
here and pnt things right" 

But when a Daily Telegraph re- 
porter asked the prime minister’s of- 
fice if there were any chance the gov- 
ernment would intervene, a 
spokesman bluntly responded: 
“Wrong decade.” 

"They’re no better than the Tor- 
ies," said Ian Riley, 40, his features 
still covered in coal dust from his 
morning shift 

“Labour should have helped us a lot 
mare than they did,” said Mark Hunt 
35, who, like the three generations of 
his family before him, has spent his 
waking life tearing at a coal face. 

“But once they got our vote, they 
didn’t seem to want us any more." 

The layoffs here are die first since 
the party swept to power in the May 1 
election by positioning itself as New 
Labour representing an aspiring and 
entrepreneurial Britain. It is a country 
with the failing smokestack industries 
that once provided Labour with its core 
constituency written off as its past 

See LABOUR, Page 9 


Paris, Monday, September 29, 1997 

A Golf Strategist’s Sweet Victory 


No. 35.638 



Israel and PLO Seek 
Fresh Start on Peace 

Both Hopeful on Meeting at UN 


Liumu Met, at-, The Av-vijM Prtv. 

Seve Ballesteros kissing the Ryder Cup after the European victory. 

Europe’s Ryder Cup Defenders 
Repel the Marauding Yanks 


By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

SOTOGRANDE, Spain — Golfers 
from a half-dozen European nations, 
fused together by a charismatic captain 
from Spain, held onto the most pres- 
tigious team prize in golf Sunday when 
they resisted a furious final charge by the 
United States to retain the Ryder Cup. 

The U.S. team had been the heavy 
favorite. Under the Stars and Stripes 
was a team of players from the wealth- 
ier, more prestigious and better pub- 
licized U.S. tour and anchored by such 


Recorders Sought 
In Sumatra Crash 

The search for the “black boxes" 
of the Indonesian Airbus that crashed 
in northern Sumatra was delayed 
Sunday because of heavy rains. 

The data and voice recorders will 
be crucial in determining whether 
forest fires in the area played a pan in 
the crash Friday that killed all 234 
people aboard. The pilot had reported 
low visibility due to thick smoke. 

Airline officials said the remains of 
all of the victims had been recovered 
from the wreckage. Page 4. 

Books Page 7. 

Crossword Page 18. 

Opinion Pages 8. 

Sports Pages 18-20. 


famous ‘ young stars such as Tiger 
Woods and Justin Leonard. 

The European team was a mix of 
languages and nationalities, a collection 
of aging stars and youngsters unknown 
outside the European tour. 

By taking eight of the 12 concluding 
points, the U.S. team nearly scored the 
greatest comeback in the histoiy of the 
event But Europe won 1416-1316. 

Ultimately, the finish again , con- 
finned the Ryder Cup as the world's 
most dramatic golf tournament for the 

See CUP, Page 20 


AGENDA 


CunffCttl fr. Oar StgFnm PzftAthn 

JERUSALEM — Israel and the PLO 
said Sunday that they expected a joint 
high-level meeting Monday with the 
U.S. secretary* of state. Madeleine Al- 
bright, to revive stalled committee talks 
on implementing their peace deals. 

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu 
forecast Sunday that both sides would 
agree to restart the negotiations when 
Mrs. Albright met Foreign Minister 
David Levy and the PLO negotiator 
Mahmoud Abbas at the United Nations 
in New York. 

Middle East peacemaking has been in 
crisis for six months over Jewish set- 
tlement building in the West Bank, 
home to more than a million Arabs, and 
over Palestinian suicide attacks in Je- 
rusalem. 

“The Israeli government agreed to 
resume the negotiating committees and 
we see this as a positive step in the right 
direction," said Marwan Kanafani, a 
spokesman for Yasser Arafat, the Pal- 
estinian president. "We welcome their 
resumption." 

The issues for the committees include 
the opening of Gaza air and sea ports, a 
"safe passage** between the West Bank 
and Gaza and the release of Palestinians 
held by Israel. 

In July, Mr. Levy and another PLO 
negotiator, Nabil Shaath, agreed that 
Israeli-PLO committees would renew 
talks on outstanding issues from the 
1 995 peace deal. A suicide bombing two 
days later prevented those talks from 
getting back on track. 

The armed wing of the Hamas group 
that earned out that bombing called 
Sunday on its armed cells to launch new 
attacks in response to what it said was an 
attempt to kill a Hamas political leader 
in Jordan. 

“' We call on all the military branches 
and groups of Izzel Deen al Qassam in 
the homeland to speed up the strong and 
active response for this big crime,” the 
group saia. 

In another statement, the group also 
threatened to cany ont attacks abroad. 

“The attempt by the Zionist Mossad 
to assassinate our brother Khaled Me- 
shaal forces us to take our struggle 
against the Zionist enemy outside the 
frontiers of our country," the statement 
said, referring to the Israeli secret ser- 
vice. 

Hamas, which opposes the peace ac- 



The Intermarket 


Page 4. 


The AnociMnl ftw 

‘PERFECT’ — The 10 crew members of the space shuttle Atlantis and 
the Mir space station after the two ships docked successfully. Atlantis 
brought a replacement U.S. astronaut and a new computer. Page 5. 



Shifting Wind Lowers Malaysian Pollution 


^ Mart KdlawU-rAV Infernal fcjno! 1 braid Tnlitirr 

~ V An Indonesian farmer walking through a field of smoldering peat on Borneo. 


By Thomas Fuller 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

KUCHING, Malaysia — The haze plaguing South- 
east Asia eased Sunday, prompting Malaysian au- 
thorities to lift a week-old state of emergency in 
Sarawak that closed schools and businesses. 

Smog readings also fell in peninsular Malaysia, 
where airports that had been shut because of poor 
visibility resumed operations Sunday. 

But meteorologists attributed lower air-pollution 
levels to shifting wind patterns and said that haze 
caused by forest and paddy fires in Indonesia could 
easily return. 

“If the wind directions change, we could be back to 
square one," a Malaysian government meteorologist 
said in Kuching. 

And square one, everyone agreed, would not be 
welcome. 


State officials said that no official estimates were 
available on the affects of the haze on the local economy, 
bur Malaysia's deputy prime minister, who visited Kuch- 
ing cm Sunday ana announced the lifting of the state of 
emergency, said that the economy was sure to be hit. 

“If you look at tourism, it’s a major factor — not only 
in Sarawak — but the entire country," said Anwar 
Ibrahim, who is also finance minister. “You have 
industrial operations and activities somewhat affected, 
and productivity of course affected." 

Malaysia's favorable winds did little to help res- 
idents in other countries in the region. 

Officials in Singapore reported Sunday that air quality 
there had deteriorated toward very unhealthy levels. 
Repents from both Kalimantan and Sumarra — the two 
main centers of forest and brush fires in the region — said 
that air pollution levels were still very high. An In- 

See SMOG, Page 9 


cords, has claimed responsibility for a 
number of artacks in Israel, including 
suicide bombings on July 30 and Sept 4 
that killed 20 Israelis. The group has 
never claimed responsibility, however, 
for attacks against Israelis outside the 
historical boundaries of Palestine. 

Mr. Netanyahu also said Sunday that 
he had ordered the release of half the tax 
revenues that Israel js withholding from 
the Palestinians — about $17 milb'on. 
Israel cut off tax transfers after the two 
suicide bombings. 

The release of the badly needed 
money came as the Palestinian Author- 
ity stepped up a crackdown on Hamas. 

During the last three days, Mr. Ara- 
fat's forces have rounded up dozens of 
suspected members of the terrorist 
group and closed 16 of its institutions. 

See MIDEAST, Page 9 

CIA Shows 
Egypt Role 
In Death 
Of Libyan 

By Jim Hoagland 

Washington Pan Service 

WASHINGTON — The Central In- 
telligence Agency has developed con- 
vincing evidence that Egyptian agents 
staged the 1993 abduction in Cairo of a 
prominent Libyan dissident and U.S. 
resident, who was then turned over to 
the Libyan regime of Colonel Moammar 
Gadhafi, according to U.S. officials. 

Following a four-year investigation, 
the CIA told the Clinton administration 
this summer that it had confirmed for 
the first time that the dissident, Mansour 
Kikhia, was taken to Libya and executed 
there by the government of Colonel 
Gadhafi, a bitter American adversary 
whom Washington has long accused of 
sponsoring international terrorism. 

Mr. Kikhia’s wife is a U.S. citizen. The 
former Libyan diplomat, who had lived 
in the United States for 1 3 years, was four 
months away from receiving U.S. cit- 
izenship when he was kidnapped. 

The reported participation in die ab- 
duction by Egypt, a key U.S. ally in the 
Middle East and the recipient of $2 bil- 
lion a year in American aid, has roiled 
relations between Washington and the 
government of President Hosni Mubarak, 
although die Clinton administration has 
resisted speaking publicly about the case 
until asked for comment on this article. 

Senior U.S. officials, including Vice 
President Al Gore, demanded privately 
this month that Mr. Mubarak order an 
inquiry into the Egyptian role in Mr. 
Kikhia’s abduction. A U.S. official said 
that previous White House requests for 
information, beginning in 1993, pro- 
duced only “some cooperation." 

Mr. Kikhia, who defected to the 
United States, in 1980, served as Colonel 
Gadhafi 1 s foreign minister and ambas- 
sador to the United Nations before turn- 
ing into a sharp critic of the regime. He 
disappeared from a Cairo hotel on Dec. 
10. 1993, while attending a meeting of 
an Arab human rights organization he 
had helped to found. 

The U.S. investigation concluded that 
Mr. Kikhia was taken to Libya imme- 
diately and killed in early 1994. One 
source said that there are indications in 
the CIA report that Mr. Kikhia ’s body 
was buried in the Libyan desert 

Although it has played a key role in 
the Middle East peace process, Egypt 
has been under growing attack in Con- 
gress for its support of Colonel Gadhafi 
and the violation of United Nations 
sanctions against Libya. Mr. Mubarak's 
government has worked for several 
years to end a UN ban on air travel to 
and from Libya, imposed in 1992 be- 
cause of Libyan involvement in the 
bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over 
Lockerbie, Scotland. Cairo was instru- 
mental in a vote last week by the Arab 
League in Cairo to defy the ban. 

Egypt is regarded as the primary tar- 
get of an amendment recently offered by 
Senator Frank Lautenberg. Democrat of 
New Jersey, that would withhold 5 per- 
cent of U.S. aid from any country that 

See LIBYAN, Page 9 


Newsstand Prices 

Andorra. ..10.00 FF Lebanon.. — LL 3,000 

Arties...- 12.50 FF Morocco 16 Dh 

Camenxjn.-1.600 CFA Qatar 10.00 OR 

Egypt . QE 550 FWunton 1Z50 FF 

France -... 10.00 FF Saucfl Arabia — 10 SR 

Gabon.. —.l. 100 CFA Senega! — 1.100 CFA 

Italy- 2300 Lire Spain 225 Ptas 

hwy Coast . 1250 CFA Tunisia 1250 Din 

Jordan 1250 JD DAE. —10.00 Dh 

Kuwait..... 700 FBs U.S. MU (Eilf.) — SI 20 


For Young Africans, Urban Life Is Eroding Tribal Traditions 

— — — — than a few days in his family's rural hometown, shaped their parents and grandparents. African country and throughout the cc 

Bv Stephen Buckley r™,-. e art nol matter to him. Their parents wony dial a vital part of what it About 75 percent of the population of sub-, 


By Stephen Buckley 

WuxMinglun Posi Service 

NAIROBI — His nickname is Skip. He wears a 
gold stud in his left ear. His school uniform is 
usually a Nike T-shirt, Nike sneakers and loose- 
fitting Levi’s. He listens almost exclusively to hip- 
hop, watches reruns of “The Fresh Prince of Bel 
Air” on television and says basketball is his fa- 
vorite sport. J ,.o. • 

His real name is Mbugua Ngugi, and at 1 8 he is 
a child of urban Africa who has never spent more 


than a few days in his family's rural hometown. 
That fact does not matter to him. 

Asked if he ever wishes he had spent more time 
in the countryside, he shrugged. "I don’t really 
think about it that much,"' he said. 

Mbugua is part of fee First generation of 
Kenyans — indeed, of Africans, as the phenom- 
enon is visible across fee continent — who do not 
really think much about fee countryside. Their 
working-class, middle-class and upper-middle- 
class experiences have anchored them in urban 
centers, pulling them away from fee rural links that 


shaped their parents and grandparents. 

Their parents worry dial a vital part of what it 
means to be African is slipping away, that honored 
traditions will wither and that one of Africa's most 
important institutions, the extended family, will 
begin to drift apart. Meanwhile, these young 
people try to understand and apprec iate a 'life they 
know mainly from photographs and stories. 

The consolation for parents is that their urban 
children are less likely to be trapped by fee tribal 
thinking that has poisoned political discourse and 
made national unity an elusive goal in this East 


African country and throughout the continent. 
About 75 percent of the population of sub-Saharan 
Africa still lives in fee countryside. But the con- 
tinent is becoming urban so rapidly fear within a 
few decades there will be many people — young 
men and women at fee heart of Africa’s economic 
and political life — for whom village life will be 
little more than a history lesson. 

“My children would identify themselves as 
Kenyans first, and then as Nairobians," said 

See AFRICANS, Page .9 








^-^«SWMBOSAL#iWL_*X.-. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY. SEPTEMBER 29, 1997 


PAGE TWO 


Tre asurer-Diplomat / Enorflfafl Capitalism 

Rubin and the Great Wall That Is China 


Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin just spent 10 
days in Asia. In Hong Kong, he wrestled with the 
problems of Southeast Asia's currency crisis, first at 
meetings of the finance ministers of the worlds 
leading industrial nations, then at the annual meet- 
ing of the International Monetary Fund and the 
World Bank. Next he traveled to China s interior to 
assess its cordusing, often contradictory brew of 
economic changes. David E. Sanger, formerly the 
Tokyo bureau chief of The New York Times and now 
Washington economic correspondent, joined the 
tour. Following is his account : 

Sept 19: A Repair Mission Begins 
Up here on Air Force 86971 — the creaky, 
Eisenhower-era plane carrying Treasury Secretary 
Robert Rubin and Federal Reserve Chairman Alan 
Greenspan to Asia — everyone is complaining about 
the pitiful flying range of the plane, which must 
refuel three times between Washington and Hong 
Kong. But that allows time for Mr, Rubin to reflect 
on the fact that this is his first trip to the world’s most 
populous country . 

“When I was ai Goldman,’' he says, referring to 
his 26 years at Goldman, Sachs & Co., “there 
weren’t enough commercial transactions in China 
to even justify a trip. It was all Tokyo, and at the end 
a little Hong Kong.” 

The world looks very different today. Japan can’t 
seem to dig itself out of its hole, and the boom in 
Southeast Asia has hit a brick wall, with the cur- 
rency crisis that started in Thailand spreading like 
jungle thatch. 

So Mr. Rubin's tour is now an urgent repair 
mission. He wants to use the annual meeting of the 
World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to 
make sure countries that are opening their financial i 
markets don't backtrack. In C hina, Ire must pave the 
way for President Jiang Zemin's state visit to Wash- 
ington next month, die first by a Chinese leader in a 
dozen years. 

Mr. Rubin readily acknowledges that the ad- 
ministration’s interactions with C hina over the last 
five years are nothing to crow about. “We can 
properly be faulted,’’ he says, "for vastly un- 
derinvesting in our relationships with Chinese of- 
ficials up and down the line." It’s no surprise, he 
adds, that “we keep having such a hard time un- 
derstanding each other.** 

As the plane circles halfway around the world, Mr. 
Rubin huddles with his staff to discuss how to react 
if anti-Americanism flares in Hong Kong. The prime 
minister of Malaysia, Mahathir bin Mohamad, will 
be Acre, contending anew that American speculators 
victimized his country by borrowing his currency 
and using it to drive down his stock mark et. 

Others do not see an American conspiracy in all 
this, but resent the fact that the United States, while 
not a major contributor to the 520 billion IMF 
bailout of Thailand, nonetheless insisted that the 
Thais endure a strict. Mexico-style austerity plan. 

The Japanese, some Treasury officials warn, may 
try to exploit those emotions to regain influence 
they have lost during their own recession and bank- 
ing crisis. This quiet tug-of-war is a constant subtext 
of relations in the Pacific — and trade deficits, 
interest rates and direct investment are all weapons 
in the struggle. * ‘Hoo, boy,” Mr. Rubin says. “This 
could be a circus.” 

Sept 20: Jet Lag and a Jolt 
It is 8 A.M. in Mr. Rubin’s suite overlooking 
Victoria Harbor, and his prediction is coming true. 
“We’ve just had a dispute,” Mr. Rubin says as his 
jet-iagged aides stumble into a staff meeting. 

The Japanese are floating a proposal for a special 
fund to rescue Asian nations caught in the cycle of 
currency devaluations and stock-market slides. It is 
hardly an act of altruism: Japan’s battered banks 
have lent tens of billions of dollars to build many of 
the projects throughout Asia that are now crashing. 

Mr. Rubin wants to head off the idea fast It could 
amount to an “Asia-for-Asians fund,” he says, 
undercutting American interests. 

His biggest fear is that the mere existence of such 
a huge pool of money could create what bankers call 
a “moral hazard.” Investors could sleep soundly, 
knowing that any Southeast Asian nation that threw 
economic discipline out the window would be 







Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin at the Great Wall during his trip to China. 


lUifc LranjThr Ini Tar** 


bailed out “We need to find a way for investors to 
take a haircut when this kind of thing happens,’ ’ Mr. 
Robin said. 

Sept. 21: Sizing Up Capitalism 

This is supposed to be Hong Kong’s big coming- 
out party as a Chinese city, the first huge inter- 
nationalgathering since the July 1 handover. China’s 
leaders are pouring in to survey their new pearl. 

If during the summer there was speculation that 
Hong Kong would change China more than China 
would change Hong Kong,>here is China’s futnre: 
With 20,000 bankers in town, luxury hotels have 
ratcheted up their rates to more than $500 a night 

Across Victoria Harbor, in Manu Melwani’s nar- 
row tailor shop, the phone rings. “OJC., OJC., OJC.. 
I’ll come to him." Mr. Melwani says, exasperation 
creeping into his voice. 

It is Sunday morning, usually time here for a 
leisurely dim sum brunch, but Mr. Melwani is 
in undared with orders from customers who want 
their suits before the end of the World Bank-IMF 
meetings. 

This banker, Mr. Melwani is told over the phone, 
is special “This fellow — Greenberg, Green tree, 
no here it is, Greenspan — does he run a big bank?” 
he asks a customer. Well, not exactly. But he does 
set interest rates for the United States and, by 
extension, much of the world. 

Mr. Melwani digests these facts for a moment, 
glances at his wall of fabrics, and concludes: “He’ll 
probably want pinstripes.” 

Sept. 23: The Free-Market Waltz 

Mr. Rubin wants the reporters traveling with him 
to understand that he has just won a great diplomatic 
victory, even if the evidence is scarce. A meeting 
with Southeast Asia’s finance ministers that Treas- 
ury officials feared could turn into a debacle ac- 
tually turned out well. 

“They all said the same thing,” Mr. Rubin de- 
clares. 4 ‘ In their view, they have to stay on the path 
to market liberalization.” The ministers agreed to 
hold a meeting somewhere in Asia, with participants 
yet to be named, to talk about what to do next. The 
subtext: America is back in the middle of the game; 
the steam is out of the Japanese bailout plan. 

The session is a reminder that Mr. Rubin and his 
staff spend an enormous amount of time talking to 
other finance ministers and central bankers — most 
of whom, these days, share a relatively common 
world view. With some exceptions — usually to 
protect their own territory — they lean toward open 
markets, competition and deregulation. 

Finance ministers describe the world of cur- 
rencies and fiscal policies the way they would like to 
see it — and then pray that the markets win out over 
political opposition. That is true even for Anwar 


Ibr ahim, tile f inan ce minist er of Malaysia and Mr. 
Mahathir’s p r es um ed successor. 

Meeting with Mr. Rubin, he is backpedaling fast, 
offering assurances that his country — whose cur- 
rency hit a 26-year low after Mr. Mahathir's tirade 
against currency traders — is not about to ban 
currency trading. Mr. Rubin tried to be sympathetic; 
after all, be has been trotted out more than once to 
clean up messes after President Clinton’s in-con- 
sidered comments on currencies. 

“I told him.” he said later, “that the situation is 
not completely unfa miliar to me.” 

Sept 25: Skeptical Students 

In 1989, during the Ti ananme n Square protests. 
People’s University in Beijing was a hotbed of anti- 
government activity. But today, the students are 
questioning not the legitimacy of their government 
but the global push — led by the United States — to 
open C hina ’s markets. 

After listening to a speech by Mr. Rubin, the 
students ask what he would do about shrinking the 
state-owned enterprises, and he responds by talking 
about the need for “a basic safety' net” and a 
program to figure out how workers can “relocate 
themselves in the economy.” 

* 4 We have the same problems, ’ ’ Mr. Rubin notes. 
“But it is the wrong answer to resist change, 
because you will simply stagnate.” 

The students are intrigued, but nor convinced. 
“My professor told me that in Mexico there was a 
lot of suffering a few years ago,” says Ye Bihua.20, 
an economics major. “And I’m afraid that if we let 
foreign banks come to China too soon, ii will cause 
even more troubles, like Mexico had.” 

Sept. 26: A Jovial President 

President Jiang Zemin is waiting for Mr. Rubin in 
the doorway of the Yingtai, the ornate, 300-year-old 
guest house where foreign dignitaries are received. 
“The Treasury Department is always the most 
important in any country.” Mr. Jiang says jovially. 
“Meeting aTreasury secretary makes you think you 
will become rich."’ 

What struck American participants in the meet- 
ing was that Mr. Jiang was so casual, even telling 
self-deprecating jokes about how history may judge 
his move to freer markets. He spoke about bringing 
in newer, younger leaders who understood global 
markets. But he also made it clear that China would 
move on its own schedule. 

“He was often quite philosophical." Mr. Rubin 
said later, “and he clearly had a plan.” 

And then the Treasury secretary’s motorcade 
slipped out of the compound, across Tiananmen 
Square, where crowds watched the sunset lowering 
of the Chinese flag, and Mr. Rubin began the long 
trip back to the Washington fray. 


Algeria 


>nt f r |‘;i\ * 

uce/ l !l ' 


Islamic Group Challenges Regime to Talk 


By Roger Cohen 

Sew tort lanes Service 

PARIS — Pursuing its apparent at- . 
tempt to end six years of fighting in 
Algeria, the Islamic Salvation Front has 
urged all opposition groups to adhere to 
a truce and called for a national peace 
conference involving “all forces in so- 
ciety without exclusion." 

There was no immediate response 
from the military-backed government of 
President Liaminc Zeroual, a retired 
general. The army’s decision to stop an 
election that seemed set to bring the 
Islamic Salvation Front to power in early 
1992 ushered in an undeclared war that 
has taken tens of thousands of lives. 

The Front, which has since been for- 
mally banned in Algeria, issued a state- 


emergency, the release of prisoners, aid 
for victims of the conflict, and a “na- 
tional conference of reconc il i ati on” 
jha-t would involve the government and 
all political parties and movements. 

The statement followed the announce- 
ment of a unilateral and open-ended truce 
by the oarty’s military wing last week- 
' In effect, it amounted to a challenge 
to the government to recognize the party 
openly and to begin negotiations with it. 
Secret taTIcs were held throughout the 
summer between the Islamic Salvation 
Front and the government, le ading to the 
truce, diplomats said. 

If Mr. Zeroual did indeed begin ta l ks 
with die Is lami c Salvation Front, it 
would constitute an astonishing step. 
For several years, the government has 
spoken of “residual terrorism,” has 
claimed the war was won and has de- 
scribed the party as a chapter of Al- 
gerian history that was closed. 

The call Saturday from the party did 
not differ greatly from one issued in 
Rome in early 1995. Then, too, the party 
called for a conference of national re- 
conciliation, suggested it was ready to 


renounce violence and appealed, to ajj 
faces in Algeriaio begin talks, fet 
goveriunent rejected the plan. 

It is likely, however. That tiicfgov-' 
eminent now feels somewhat Stronger 

and in a better position fo negotiate: ~ ' 

Many Algerians have been deqrty 
alienated by the Islamic Salvation 
Front’s campaign of violence, * 4 ^ 
has involved the slaying of writes, jtag-- 
nalists, musicians, intellectuals and oth- 
ers deemed ittoompatibk\wife the 
party’s vision of an Islamic society. 

At die same time, a ruddess military 
campaign by the army has taken aheavy 
toll on the Army of Islamic SafratiooJf 
the party’s military wing;The psrtyV* 
only hope of a revi val may 1 ie njirpeace 
that restores its image and jts 
militants time to regroup. . m ,fS.' m , 

“Nobody sincerely attada&to re- 
ligion and the homeland sbould igaore 
this call,” the party said Saturday m its 
statement, issued by its executive office 
in Germany. 

The party no longer controls several 
of the guerrilla movements, however, 
including the Armed Islamic Group, 
which claimed responsibility oh Friday 
for a recent massacre. The -ratitetfcfcy 
of the c laim was unclear. 

■ Rebels Killed in Army Operation 

Algerian newspapers said Monday 
iliar government forces kilted_ 25 
Muslim rebels in a southwestern 
province and were besiegmg another m 
group of radical guerrillas in an aban 'r 
cloned village near Algiers, Reum re- 
ported. 

Army helicopters were intermittently 
pounding the village of Onted- AIM, . 
emptied of its 12,000 residents race 
1994 when guerrillas from the Armed 
Islamic Group settled in after ordering 
inhabitants to leave or face -death, El 
Watan reported. • 

Twenty-five rebels were killed in an 
army operation in Sidi Meraoug in- the 
.province of Saida, Al Khabardmy said 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


24 Spanish Airlines 
Back Duty Free Shops 

MADRID CAP) — Twenty-four 
Spanish airline companies have called 
on the European Union to bold off on 
plans to eliminate duty free shopping 
within die 15 -nation bloc, saying the 
measure could lead to die loss of thou- 
sands of jobs, news reports have said. 

Felipe Xavio, who heads die Asso- 
ciation of Spanish' Airline Companies 
said he had sent a letter Friday to the EU 
iEging it to postpone plans to scrap duty 
free shopping for internal community 
flights by the end of June 1999. 

Rebellion Shakes 
Tourism in Uganda 

KAMPALA (Reuters) — Attacks by 
anti-government rebels in the north and 
west of Uganda have hit the country’s 
tourist industry, which has been gradu- 
ally recovering from its collapse in the 
1970’s, Tourism Minister Moses Ali 
said Sunday. 

“A number of bookings have been 
canceled," be said. “We do not now 
expect to meet our target of 250,000 
tourists this year.” 


Carter Museum4^petijs . 

PLAINS, Georgia (AP) — Surroun- 
ded by the people in die town he says 
made him pcesidenvTHinny^Cinte. Jk 
opened the door to a musenmat the old . ■ { 
train depot that once served as his cam- 
paign headquarters. ; ..- , 

The tfaree-room,lmrd wood-Soor mu- 
seum spotlights Mr. Carter Wroad from, 
his run for state senate through his efcc- 
tion as governor of Georgia to his in- j 
auguratio%as the 39th U.Sj-jprgadent, ' ¥ 

This Week’s Holidays 

Banking and government offices will 
be closed- or services curtailed in the 
following countries and their depotd- 
enries tius week because of natioaaLand - 
religious holidays; 

MONDAY: Australia, Paraguay, Tiiwjffl 
■TUESDAY: Botswana, Egypt. India. Sib 
Ta me. j 

’WEDNESDAY: China. Cyprus, Aficau. ' l 
-Nigeria, Rwanda, San Marino. - *' \ 

THURSDAY: China, Guinea. Inda/toad. 1 
Macau. ] 

FRIDAY : Germany. Honduras, Israel Swuh 
Korea. i i 

SATURDAY: Lesotho. - 

Sources: JP. Morgan. Reuters. Bloomberg ■■ 




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Reuters 

LONDON — The 
British finance minister, 
Gordon Brown, ruled out 
Sunday a reprieve for the 
royal yacht Britannia, 
which is due to be de- 
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of the year. 

He said on BBC tele- 
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the public mood, as a poll 
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of Britons disapproved 
of using public money 
for a yacht 


WEATHER 


Europe 


Forecast for Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by AccuWeather. Aria 


BudapoM 

coponftagan 

COM DM Sol 

DuDtti 

Ednbwgh 

Hkmnot 

Frank**! 

Gena** 

HeMrto 

Istanbul 

Klov 

Las Patna* 
Lisbon 

London 

Madrid 

Mallorca 

Man 


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3I/7D 14/57 a 
1M1 .Wipe 
33773 14/57 pc 
22/71 16/U1 C 
17/83 SMI pc 
30/68 13/SSpe 
23/73 14ZS7 • 

urea am fic 

17/63 13/65 pc 
2371 16/BI r 
33/73 18/61 pc 
17/82 0148 PC 

23172 14/57 pc 
21/70 1162 a 
33/73 12/53 pc 
12/63 BHfl c 
17*3 8/48 pc 
BM8 3/37 * 
23/73 IB/84 pc 
21/70 14/57 c 
24/75 1BIB1 pc 
34/re 12/53 c 
26*82 17*82 c 
23*73 11/52 pc 
5/41 1*34 sh 

J 8*64 8*43 pc 

35/77 17*63 a 
15/59 8*46 C 

23/73 13*553 
18/84 8*48 3 

7/44 8/43 Ml 

10*60 3*37 «h 

35/77 14*57 a 
8*48 7/44 01 
IB/81 11/6? pc 
ZV73 12/53 8 
10150 4/39 pc 
21/70 14/67 r 
21/70 12/33 c 
17782 area pc 

14/57 7/44 c 

1*88 11/32 pc 


Ftan* 25/77 14/57 a 26/77 17*82 pc 

Si Paiaraburp 8*48 7/44 01 *48 *37 r 

3teMK*n 18/81 11/6? pc 18/84 12/53 pc 

Straatocug 33/73 12/53 a 22/71 18(81 e 

TjBm iQ(50 4/99 pc 11/52 K7e 

Tb*e 21/70 14/67 r IMG 8*48 r 

Venice 21/70 12/53 c 22m mi pe 

Vienna 17*82 wca pc 18*90 11/52 s 

Warsaw 14/57 7<44 c 18/81 043 a 

euftCf! 1*88 11/52 pc 2B*Sa 14/57 pc 

Middle East 

AbuDtHU 4a/lOS 2079s 42/107 25/77S 

Beln« 37.-00 21/70 a 24/75 17*83 pc 

Cano 2*84 16/61 pc 2*82 16*61 pc 

Damascus 31/70 0*48 pc 23/73 *48 a 

JanMUvn 21/70 11/52 4 3*73 12/53 pc 

Luxor 38/100 18/64 s 37/98 18/64 r 

Hwctl 40(104 3271 4 37*98 2271 B 


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OF OF 
33(73 14(57all 
23/73 16*41 pc 
1064 -1/31 pc 
2271 13/55 pc 
3476 18*44 pc 
18/64 0*43 S 
3371 14/57 8 
2475 1091 pc 
20*68 1*65 pc 
2271 14/67 4 
2475 16*51 r 
2170 14/57 pc 
16/61 14/57 e 
2475 *6*61 S 
3271 12/53 a 
2271 13/55 pe 
16*59 9*48 pc 
16*81 7144 pc 

QMS 2*35 Bh 
23*73 1 0*84 pc 
2373 16/61 pc 
24.75 14/57 pc 
2679 13*53 0) 
27*80 17188 sh 
24/re 18*61 pc 

7/44 5*41 c 

1*68 13-53 pc 
2577 18/64 a 
1*88 12/53® 
2*73 13/55 pc 
1*88 13(53 pc 
*48 2*35 r 
1 1(52 5/41 c 

2677 17*82 pc 
*48 3/37 r 
1*84 12/53 pc 
2271 18(81 c 
11/52 337 C 

IMG *48 r 

2271 mi pe 
1M8 11/52 6 
IB/81 *43 1 

2*«a 14/57 pc 




North America Europe 

Win<fy wiih soaking reins Oslo wiH have some sun- 
from New England to New- shins Tuesday. Than 
foundland Tuesday and stormy over much of Scan- 
Wed nesdey. Cool with dine via wfth wind-driven 
some sunshine from the rains through Thursday. 
Midwear lo the Ohio Valley. Comfortable with soma 
Pleasant <n the Northwest sunshine over France and 
Tuesday, then cloudy with Italy, but windy and oooler 
showers through Thursday, from England to Germany 
Sunny and hot from Texas and Poland. Cold in wast- 
to Southern CaBorraa. am Russia; snow is Ukety 
near Moscow. 


Asia 

Beijing and Seoul wiQ be 
comfortable with some 
sunshine Tuesday through' 
Thursday, though a stray 
shower is possible In Bel- 
ling Cool In Tokyo with 
clouds and limited sun. 
Steamy with showers in 
southeastern China, while 
soaking rains wfi continue 
in Slcnuan and Yunnan 
provinces. 


Banda* ' 
Uftafl 
Bontwy 
Catenas 

CMangMeJ 

Cofcjntjo 

Hand 

HoCHUnh 

Hong Kong 

Wareabad 

Jakarta 

KamM 

K.LU10UT 

KKhnbota 


Phnom Ponh 

Ph*ai r 

Rangoon 

Saod 

Shantfwl 

Stagapere 

Tatid 

Tokyo 

VhMtan* 


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32/89 24/75 r 
. 29(84 17/82 a 
29*84 20*88. 
31/88 247Sc 

29/84 20*68 C - 
29*84 23*73 e- 
29*84 2475 0 
3999 34/79 pc 
.28/82 24/73 . r 
37/99 1MB 1 
31/88 2271 pc 
32/89 2271 s ' 
32/89 2271 d) 
31/88 23/73.E 
31/88 23*73 dl 

■ 36/95 2 170 pc 
31/88 2475 pe 
32/99 24*75 r 

■ 29(84- 2271 r: 
2271 11/528 

.2373 18481 a. 
9088 2V70r 
24/re 2475/ 
21/70 18*81 OO 
29*84 2170 01 


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'.CW ..OF - 
2475 llASa 
28/84 2170* 
3209 3475 pc. 
2079 W/57pc 
29/34 2271B , 

■ 29(34 ZW73C 
2084.2271 e ‘ 
SSH# MTS pc. 

31/98. E67BC 

32/88 2476 pc 
29*84 2577c . 
36/97 17/62 I . 
31/88 23(73 pc 
31(88' 2271 S ■ 
31(98 23(73 r 
30/98 247Se -• 
31/88 £4/76 e'. 
31/B8 18(84 c 
31/B8 2475 c 

asm gun pc' 

28/84 23*73 C 
2271' 11/52 pc 
2973 1804 pc 
30(86 22/71 pe 
-2&B4 3475c . 
19(88 lMipc 
are 4 2271 C • 


North America 


Boston 

Cheapo 

Dotes 

Denver 

□etrot 

Honolulu 

Houston 

Loe. Angeles 

Warn 


Today 

High LowW 

Ctf Of . 

BI48 1/34 pc 
27780 14/57 a 
2271 15/50 01 
19(66 8(48 e 

31(88 17/82 s 
2879 7/44 s 
20*68 8(48 pc 
31/88 2271 pc 
33(91 1 7/82 4 
33/91 18481 a 
3309 2373 r 


Today 

Mgfi LowW 
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ManaepcBa 18/81 7/44 sh 

Montreal 18C4 lOffiOr 

Nbmu 32/80 23/73 pc 
New York 2677 16/81 pc 
Orfando 33/91 21/70 pc 
PtVNrtx 38/100 23735 

San Fran 2082 14/57 a 

Sedfe 2068 1283c 

Toronto 2170 V48 pe 

Vancouver 17/80 3(48 r 

Washington 27*80 1059 pc 


Tocoofiuw 

Mgti LowW 

OF OF 
18*1 8/46 pc 

15/50 SMI e 
3089 "2475 pc 
2170 '12/83 pc 
31/89 21/70 pc 
38/100 2973a 
2475 14/57 pc 
20*68 1063 C 
14 IB 4/39 01 
18/64 3(48 pc 

2373 12/33 pc 


AHw - 3301 19/We- 31/88 10*6 c. 

Cape Town - 19«8 11 /SB pe 2170 10*50 , 
1060 18(81 e 2170 isee-rti 
Harare 27/B0 1VS2 a 287B 12*53* 
Logo* - 2084 23/73 pc 28/82 34750.' 
mJmM. - r2B«! .11/62 pc 27/80 13/56 pc- 
Tunta 3091 20*71 c 30/88 IBflfl c - 


Latin America 

Bumim Afees 13/65 0*32 a 
Q uaere 2094 2271c 
Una- 2170 17762 pc 
Modes cty 18*96 1055 c 
(fedUamto 2SOS 2373pc 
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13*55 3/37 pa 
3066 2271 pe 
2271 17782 pc 
2073 12(53 9. 
'2082 2271 pf 
14/57 MS p& 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1997 


PAGE 3 


THE AMERICAS 


Republicans Now See 


^Entire Tax Code 


• . • 

Gingrich Believes Voters, Disillusioned 
OveagCuts , Want Reform of the System 


Alison Mitchell 


few York Ham St r. ire 


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WA SfNGTON — On the third aa- 
mvast^«f * e * r Contract With Amel- 
ia Jgqpbblican leaders in Congress 
Imvfc^began a concerted drive to move 
l^eyoaddie issue of tax cuts and shift tbe 
national debate to a radical revision of 
the tax code. 

f Jba push toward fundamentally re- 
vising. the progressive income tax, or 
scouring it altogether, conies as the 
Republican Party begins ah intense de- 
bate over a fiscal agenda to follow the 
balancedrtffldget agreement. 

It also reflects the fact that pollsters 
say voters are becoming less responsive 
to simple promises of tax cuts. 

"As we ve talked to citizens in the 
last few months, about where to go be- 
yond the contract, over and over people 
have said to us. ‘Don’t just cut taxes — 
reform die system,”* Newt Gingrich, 
the House speaker, -said in a telephone 
interview. 

To lay the groundwork. Represen- 
tative Dick Armey of Texas, the ma- 
jority leader, and Representative WJ. 
Tauzin of Louisiana announced last 
week that they were embarking on a 
.. three-city "Scrap the Code” tax tour in 
W October. The two - , plan to debate the 
r merits of Mr. Armey’s proposal for a 
flat tax and Mr. Tauzin’ s call' to sub- 
stitute a national retail sales tax for the 
income tax. 

Even inside the Republican Party, 
fhie promises to be a divisive debate. 
House Republican leaders acknowledge 
that no consensus exists among the 
members on what kind of tax revision to 
embrace. 

Some wary Republicans remember 
how tbe c all of Steve Forbes for a flat tax 
came under attack in the 1996 Repub- 
lican presidential primaries by critics 
who said a flat tax would sacrifice bil- 
lions in federal revenue and help the 
wealthy at the expense of the middle 
class. 

And because Mr.. Gingrich has also 
pledged that the party will push for a 
new tax cut every year, his remarks have 
ft sent Republicans^ the House and Sen- 
T 1 ate rushing to promote a favorite idea 
for consideration, even though most tar- 
geted tax breaks would be eviscerated 
under any radical tax revision. 
Republicans are • also split over 


whether to push the tax revision issue 
forward next spring in time for the 1998 
mid-term Congressional elections or 
wait for the presidential campaign two 
years later. 

As a strategy to force the tax issue to 


the top of the presidential agenda, sev- 
eral House Republicans nave intro- 


era! House Republicans nave intro- 
duced bills to let the federal tax code 


simply expire in 2000 or 2001. 
"The ultimate goal, obvious 


"The ultimate goal, obviously, is to 
have radical tax reform." said Rep- 
resentative Tom DeLay of Texas, the 
House whip. "We have not decided 
exactly how you get there.” 

The ferment inside the Republican 
ranks comes ax a time when the nation 
looks toward a balanced budget by cen- 
tury’s end. 

With majorities of both political 
parries in Congress having voted for the 
plan io erase the federal deficit by 2002 
and to trim taxes. Democrats have cut 
into the Republicans' traditional advan- 
tage on fiscal issues. 

Moreover, some Republicans say that 
two decades after Ronald Reagan rode 
into office as the apostle of slashing 
taxes, pollsters are finding high levels of 
cynicism about tax cuts. 

"What pollsters are telling us," a 
House Republican aide said, "is that the 
tax-cut issue doesn’t pack the punch it 
once packed, but Republicans would be 
foolish to walk away from the tax-cut 
issue because it’s ours and we should 
keep it." 

In an advisory manual to Republican 
lawmakers. Frank Luntz, a consultant 
who helped craft the Contract With 
America, called taxes "the perennial 
GOP issue, an issue we can never, ever 
afford to cede to the Democrats." 

Mr. Luntz said he had found enor- 
mous political support for tax reform. 
But he warned that because former Pres- 
ident George Bush and President Bill 
Clinton both made tax pledges that they 
broke, "the public just doesn’t trust 
politicians who promise tax cuts.” 

I. . in, “rtnrciirv’pcchiic 



AMERICAN 

TOPICS 


Cops Now Get a Work Station 

With the Coffee and Doughnuts 


1 


Once it was the free doughnuts that en- 
ticed police officers to spend time at coffee 
shops or diners. Now, convenience stores 
and supermarket chains are offering office 
space to lure men and women in blue. 

In the Washington area, several store 
chains began setting aside space about a year 


ifmpint chains had done for their stomachs. 
That plot, however, has not panned but. 

First came such mall-based bookstores as 
Walden and B. Dalton; then, with dizzying 
speed, such megabookstores as Barnes & 
Noble {which owns B. Dalton), Borders 
{which owns Walden) and Books-a-Million 
spread across the country. 

The amount of space devoted to book- 
selling, The Washington Post reports, has 
doubled or even tripled in the ws. But 


instead of expanding the market, the new 
booksellers have killed the smaller inde- 


pendent shops, industrywide sales have 
stagnated, and the bubble may be about to 
burst. "I don’t see how the whole thing can’t 
collapse.” said Robert Riger, a publishing 
consultant. “The worst is still to come.” 


ago for police officers to make telephone 
calls, fill out reports, sip coffee and, not 


coincidentally, establish a presence in the 
community. 

The New York Times reports that ibe 7- 
Eleven chain — so v ulner able to late-night 
holdups that rulers are placed on the wails 
near the exits so thai cashiers can estimate the 
height of departing robbers for the police — 
now has a spot for police officers in every one 
of its 18 Washington stores; ami McDonald’s 
has opened 33 such work, stations in its 
restaurants in Washington and 27 in Detroit. 

Store managers say the step,. part of a 
return to community policing that has 
helped fight crime in many cities, has re- 
duced robberies and shoplifting and dis- 
couraged panhandlers. 

The police, for their part, are happy to 
have a spot to work and sip coffee. 


In a case that had drawn national at- 
tention, a Viiginia judge reversed himself 
and said that an epileptic man should not 
■ have been found guilty of assault for 
grabbing a woman’s arm during a sciz ureo n 
a Washington subway train. Judge Griffin 
Garnett Jr. dismissed the guilty verdict 
against Scott Vining, 35, after the defen- 
dant’s attorney provided a videotape of Mr. 
V inin g having seizures. 


Short Takes 


Dai 1nalli~tni*TV Aiuulcl ftm 


On your way up the West Coast to 
Oregon, be sure not to overlook the oddly 
pleasing charms of Dorris, California, pop- 
ulation 925. Dorris has its Museum of the 
Unexplained {formerly the Bigfoot Mu- 
seum), including life-size dolls of Moth 
Man. Frogman, Dover Demon and, of 
course, Bigfoot. And then there is the 
world’s tallest flagpole, as high as a 20-story 
building. The town raised $80,000 to erect 
the pole in hopes of drawing tourists.The 
stampede has yet to begin. 


in support oi a weenena meeting m me n>iugu» caucaa guiucu age ui wuwtmug, « 

Klux Klan in Caro, Michigan. No major violence occurred, for Americans’ minds whai fast-food 


Brian Knowlton 



Clinton Visits School 
Of His Political Roots 


"The only thing Tm not sure I like 
about this is I really don’t think I’m old 
enough to have anything named after 
n>e, ,f Mr. Clinton said to die crowd. “I 
thought you had to have at least one leg in 
the grave before they would name any- 
thing for you. But if it helps to raise 
another nickel, I accept." (NYT) 


In addition, he said: "Our success has 
shot us in die foot We did such a good 
job expressing the urgency 0 f balancing 
the federal budget that any talk of tax 
‘cuts’ makes the public think about the 
balanced budget. Where the alleged 
. ‘cub’ are going to come from?’ ' 

Mr. Luntz advised Republicans to 
talk about tax relief instead of tax cuts 
and to cam p ai g n against the IRS. 


HOT-SPRINGS, Arkansas — Bill Clin- 
ton, Hot Springs High Class of 1964, 
returned over the weekend to the building 
where he booed his skills on the tenor 
saxophone, delivered his first political 
speech to a large audience (the graduation 
benediction), played a (small) part in “Ar- 
senic and Old Lace" and lost the election 
for senior class secretary. 

Now that he is president, Mr. Clinton is 
undoubtedly better positioned as he em- 
barks on a challenge that dwarfs all those 
others. “I want to save my high school,’’ 
he said. 

Actually, Hot Springs High closed be- 
fore Mr. Clinton became president because 
of low enrollment He helped start a fund- 
raising drive that seeks to convert it into the 
nonprofit Clinton Cultural Campus. 


line-item veto was designed for. It is 
loaded with a variety of local projects. 

“If you’re looking for Tine-item veto 
bait, they’re in every one of these bills,” 
conceded the Senate Bndger Committee 
chairman, Pete Domenici, Republican of 
New Mexico, who also heads the Ap- 
propriations subcommittee on energy and 
water. (WP) 


Residential 
Reial Estate 


Energy and Water Bill 
Facing Line-Item Veto 


Quote/Unquote 


WASHINGTON — The administra- 
tion and leaders of Congress are eyeing the 
emerging $20.7 billion energy and water 
spending bill as one of the first real tests of 


the president’s line-item veto authority. 

Thar measure - — along .with several 
other major spending bills to fund de- 
fense, militar y construction, and labor and 
health programs — is the type of pork- 
laden legislation that many believe the 


Vice President A1 Gore, addressing a 
gathering of several hundred Democratic 
Party officials, alluding to one of the most 
embarrassing episodes to surface in rite 
Senate campaign-finance inquiry — - his 
attendancelast year at a Buddhist temple 
luncheon in California, which Mr. Gore 
has said he did not realize was a fund- 
raising event: "Before I start my speech, I 
just wanted to check: This is not a fund- 
raiser, is it?" ' (NYT) 


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THE WORLDS DUUf NKWSRAPEB 


A Near Hi 


NEW YORK — TTie Fed- 
eral Aviation Administration 
said over the weekend that 
two jumbo jets had a near-:, 
collision close to New York’s 
John F. Kennedy Internation- 
al airport on Sept. 19. 

The incident involved two 
Boeing 747 jets — Tower Air 
flight 213 and British Air- 
ways flight 177 — as one was 
taking off and the other was 
either circling the airport or 
attempting to land, the avi- 
jy 1 ation agency said. 

" One jet was about 200 feet 


(60 meters) above the other 
and 13 miles (two kilome- 
ters) to one side. 

"That’s not real close,” 
said Les Dorr, an agency 
spokesman. The incident is 
under investigation, he said- 

"Right now it's classified 
as an operational error, which 
means one of the controllers 
may have made a -mistake, 
and a pilot deviation, mean- 
ing one of the pilots did 
something he shouldn’t have 
done,” Mr. Dorr said. 

The New York Post report- 
ed Saturday, however, that 


the two air traffic controllers 
wok a leave of absence over 
the incident .to recover from 
the trauma Of almost seeing 
the planes crash. : 

One controller, Barrett 
Byrnes, told the Post that he 
credited the Tower Air pilot, 
who was taking off for San 
Francisco, with turning his 
plane quickly to the left to 


• ■ • <*< . 




avoid the .BA plane, which 
had just aborted alanding. 

"He cranked dial airplane 
over like !( was an Ft 16, Mr. 
Byrnes said. "He just turned 
it on its side." (Reuters, AP ) 






Away From 
Politics 


v- . • M 

r f r. 

t f 

• 

. i • 

b< • ! 

i 5 


• A chain of weight-loss 
clinics has rankl ed the maker 


of Prozac by promoting a 
combination or tbe antide- 



pressant and another drug, 
phentermine, as a diet aid . to 
replace the blend of fen- 
fluramine and 'phentennine 
that had gained favor before 
fenfluramine was taken off 
the market earlier this month. 
Eli Lilly & Co. warned- the 
Nutri/System Weight Loss 
Centers that it did not endorse 
the new blend for weight loss 
and said the chain’s commer- 
cial references to Prozac vi- 
olated trademark law. (AP.) 


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new archbishop, Francis 
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rowing some' from Latin 

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Africa (NYT). 


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forced to flee their homes in 
the towns' of Dobbins and 
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California, as a wind-driven 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1997 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


Handing Reins of the Military to 2 Allies, Jian 


ns 


By Steven Mufson 

Washington Post Service 


BEIJING — There has been a changing of the 
guard al the top of the Chinese military. 

The recent 13th congress of the Chinese Com- 
munist Party nudged into retirement two aging 
revolutionary war veterans who were close allies 
of the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. They 
have been replaced by two generals, Zhang 
Wiwman and Chi Haotian, both newly elected to 
the parly’s powerful 22-man Politburo and both 
owing their allegiance and recent promotions to 
President Jiang 7 -Rmin, the party's leader. 

The new leadership of China's 3 -million - 
member army will help decide how the country 
tries to fulfill its global ambitions, modernize its 
militar y forces, stem corruption in army ranks, 
maintain party control and deal with continuing 
budget constraints. General Zhang and General 
Chi will be dosely watched as they take control 
of a military that is tied to the stability not only of 
China but also of all East Asia. 

Just as striking as the new positions awarded to 
the pair, however, was the position denied to 
them- Neither secured a spot on the party's elite 
seven-man standing co mmi ttee. The effect will be 
to bolster Mr. Jiang’s role as the spokesman for die 


militar y Though Mr. Jiang, like the otbar mem- 
bra of the newly elected standing committee, has 
never served in the army, he holds die post of 
rharnnan of the central military commission. 

The effect “is to enhance the stature of Bang 
himself,” said Lyman Miller, who teaches 
Chinese politics at Johns Hopkins University's 
School of Advanced and International Studies. 
Mr. Jiang has pnt more “formal distance” be- 
tween him and die next person in the military 
hierarchy, Mr. Miller said. 

Despite the omission of die generals from the 

mnnml th*» mi lira rv remains a 


party’s highest council, the military remains a 
powerful force in national politics and within die 
party. 

For now. General Zhang appears to be the 
most important uniformed leader. He was part of 
the four-member official delegation for the Hong 
Kong handover ceremonies, along with Mr. 
Jiang. Prime Minister Li Peng and Foreign Min- 
ister Qian Qichen. Ax the recent party congress. 
General Zhang also won a spot on the party's 
influential secretariat, responsible for overseeing 
party decisions affecting the military. This is a 
vital role in China, where die People's Liberation 
Army is expected to obey the orders of the 
Communist Party and not save as an inde- 
pendent or strictly professional fighting force. 


“Our army is a people’s army led by the party, 
and upholding the party's absolute leadership 
over the army is our fundamental principle,” 
General Chi was quoted as telling tank com- 
manders in Beijing in the Saturday issue of the 
official People’s Daily. 

“We must study and cany out the spirit of the 
15th party congress, and most importantly study 
the report made by General Secretary Jiang 
Zemin,” the newspaper quoted General Zhang 
as saying in a speech at China's Defense 
Academy. 


While both General Zhang, 69, and General 
li. 68, are war veterans. Western diplomats 


Chi, 68, are war veterans. Western diplomats 
who have met them say the two men have 
contrasting styles and experiences. 

General Zhang, who oversaw die missile tests 
fired off Taiwan's shores dazing the island's free 
presidential elections last year, “comes m from 


eld,” one diplomat said. “He is extremely 
versed in the application of -force ana 


well-versed in the application of -force ana 
power, bat he has almost no experience in what 
we would call grand strategy, in ternati onal re- 
lations or the implications of die use of force.” 

General Chi, by contrast, has worked mostly 
as political commissar within the military. At the 
center of the army bureaucracy for three decades, 
he is better attuned to political nuances. A strong 


supporter of Mr. Jiang. General Qu is also more 
comfortable meeting foreign officials, though fee 
stumbled during a tour of the United States when 
he told a congressional committee that there had 
not been any massacre when troops crushed 
stndem-led protests in Beijing in 1989. 

The - two generals share similar origins. Both 
were bom in Shandong Province, joined the 
Communist Party- as ieenagere and served in the 
People’s Liberation Army toward the end of the 
civil war against the rival Nationalist forces. 

But General Zhang rose hi the ranks through 
combat posts. “Zhang Wannian’s background is 
typical of the new military leadership; he is a 
soldier’s soldier,” said David Shambaugh, polit- 
ical science professor and director of the Sigur 
Center for Asian Studies at George Washington 
University. “His age and career bridge tbe pre- 
and post-1949 periods and make him typical 
the ‘third generation' of military' leadership. ’ 

In 1990, General Zhang was given co mman d 
over the Jman military region, which is re- 
sponsible for reinforcing Beijing if needed. In 
1992, Mr. Bang visited the Jinan military com-, 
mand’ and, in the wake of an army purge that 
year. General Zhang was moved to Beijing to 
head' the general staff department and start his 
final climb to the top. 


the early 1970s, serving in a stasoeaaax of sen- 
sitive political commissar posts-Throughsei^ 

1970s he oversaw propaganda in the regibn. . 

When Mr. Deng nsumedto powe^nd hecaaie 
chief of staff in 1977, General Cfei became 
deputy- In 1987, he was named chief ofgeaoal 
staff and was a staunch defender of the actios 
iaken during the 1989 massacre in Beijing^' 
Even with his allies at the top of then^py^ 
remains to be seen whether Mr. Jiang can a*a- 
mand the military’s loyalty. But he is eying. 

Within 10 months of becoming party&ief, 
Mr. Jiang toured every one of the seven repaaj 
military commands. Many of tbe commander 
he met were promoted. Since Mr. Jiang became 
chairman of the central military commaftqn,^- 
has personally promoted 40 generals. 

As for Generals Zhang ana Chi, Mr. Jfengfesi 



other. Both are deputy chairmen of the Cental 
mili tary commission. 

“Zhang’s position on the Secretariat may give 
him a slight edge, but not by ranch,” sauUaseph 
Fewsmith of Boston University. “A very dip- 
lomatic solution.” 


Earthquake in Indonesia 
Kills 14 and Injures 30 

Tremor on Sulawesi Hits 6.0 on Richter Scale 


Cat^BedbyOv Sag From DhpastKl 

JAKARTA — At least 14 people 
were killed Sunday when an earthquake 
measuring 6.0 on the open-ended 
Richter scale struck the Indonesian is- 
land of Sulawesi, the police said. 

The Meteorological and Geophysics 
Agency said tbe quake, centered 20 
kilometers (13 miles) north of the 
coastal town of Parepare in South Su- 
lawesi Province, hit at 8:30 A.M. 

Officials said 30 houses and build- 
ings were flattened and hundreds were 
damaged in Parepare, 1,400 kilometers 
northeast of die capital, Jakarta. 

The police said eight people were 
reported killed in the town, while six 
died in surrounding villages. At least 30 


people were said to have been injured. 
The epicenter was thought to be near 


The epicenter was thought to be near 
Pinrang, a lowland town set back from 
the Makassar Strait near the mountain- 
ous districts that form Indonesia’s key 
cocoa-growing areas. It is also on the 
road to the spetfacular mountain valleys 


and peaks in the Tanah Toraja area 
further north. 

Most of the dead and injured were hit 
by falling masonry from crumbling 
houses and buildings. Lieutenant Pine 
Peden of the police said. Cars and mo- 
torcycles were also damaged by 
debris. 

. Telephone links to some areas out- 
side Parepare were not working Sunday 
night. 

Witnesses said Sunday's quake 
shook the town for about five seconds. 

“Everyone panicked when they felt 
tile quake,” Lieutenant Peden said. 
“They ran from their homes.” 

Another police officer said many res- 
idents feared aftershocks and were too 
afraid to return to their homes, mainly 
one- or two-story and built of brick and 
concrete. “Many homes have large 
cracks in their walls,” he said. “People 
fear they will fall down.” 

A local hospital building was also 
structurally damaged. ( Reuters , AP) 



Gets Tighter 
Election Rules 



jfofcbt Yip'Rnalm 

Passers-by looking at Chinese flags on display Sunday in Hong Kong before China's National Day on Wednesday. 


Search for ‘Black Box’ 
Delayed on Sumatra 


BRIEFLY 


Toll at 47 in Bangladesh Cyclone 


CarjieaibvOv Staff FwmDtspaicba 

BUAH NADAR, Indone- 
sia — Heavy rains forced a 
delay Sunday in the search for 
the flight recorder of an In- 
donesian Airbus that crashed 
in northern Sumatra, killing 
all 234 people aboard, after 
the pilot reported thick smoke 
in the area. 

Officials from Garuda, In- 
donesia's flagship airline, said 
tiie search for the flight data 
recorder and the cockpit voice 
recorder — the so-called blade 
boxes — of tiie Airbus A300 
B-4 that crashed Friday would 
be resumed at dawn Monday. 

The recorders will be cru- 
cial in determining tbe cause 
of .the crash, and whether the 
haze from forest tires on 
Sumatra played a part. 

"If the weather was clear 
and the pilot could see, I don't 
think it could happen,” said 
Mohammed Chanin, a 
Garuda district manager at 
Medan in northern Sumatra. 

But the head of the Garuda 
Indonesia Communications 


Forum for Pilots, Shadrach 
Nababan, said: “Haze is an 
ordinary thing for pilots. 
There are instruments in the 
plane and on tiie ground that 
can be used.” 

Transport Minister Hary- 
anto Dhanutirto was quoted 
by tiie official Antara news 
agency as saying: “Whether 
the plane flew low because of 
tiie pilot, or because of in- 
structions from air traffic 
control or because of engine 
trouble, all are still being in- 
vestigated. That will be 
looked at by tiie independent 
investigation team.’ ' 

An air force official said 
earlier that the remains of the 
234 victims had beenremoved 
from the wreckage, which is 
strewn across a ravine south of 
Medan. The plane was flying 
from Jakarta to Medan when it 
wait down minutes after the 
pilot reported low visibility. 

Garuda officials said 74 of 
the bodies had been identified 
and 55 had been flown to 
Jakarta. (Reuters, AFP ) 


DHAKA, Bangladesh — Prime Minister Hasina Wazed flew Sun- 
day to Bangladeshi islands where high winds and a tidal wave from a 
cyclone killed at least *7 people and left hundreds injured. 

The prime minister dikributed relief goods and ordered a huge 
rescue and rehabilitation effort, officials accompanying her said. 

The 150 kUometer-per-hour (90 mile-per-hour) cyclone from the 
Bay of Bengal tore across a chain of islands Saturday, leaving tens of 
thousands, homeless. The government started flying relief supplies 
Sunday and said navy ships would assist in the effort (Reuters) 


Pakistan as a threat to peace. “Production of tiie missile has com- 
menced,” India’s Defense Research and Development Organization 
said in a report released, after the Prithvi was rolled out at an exhibition 
of Indian-made weapons. 

The report said two variants of the surface-to-surface ballistic 
missile had been developed. 

The government said'a tonger-ranse version, with a range of 250 
kilometers (155 miles), would be used by the air force, while tiie 150- 
kilometer version would go to tiie army. The missiles are reported to be 
able to carrv conventional bur not nuclear warheads. (Reuters) 


CMyOnl hy OvrSatfFnsm DSlparha 

HONG KONG — Hong Kong’s w- 
elected Parliament passed an election 
law Sunday that critics say [curtails de- 
mocracy in the former British colony. 

Pro-democracy campaigners pro- 
tested tiie move and demanded the ab- 
olition of the Parliament, the Provi- 
sional Legislature created by Beijing. . 

After an 18-hoor debate, legislators 
voted, 29 to 9 with 11 abstentions, to 
pass the Legislative Council bill, which 
establishes the roles for the first election 
in Hong Kong since its return to Chinese 
rule by Britain in July. The election is 
scheduled for May 1 998. 

“We are now in a position to mow 
forward in preparing for the elections to 
be held in May next year,” Secretary for 
Constitutional Affairs Michael Suen 
said after the session. 

Democracy campaigners sharply 
criticized the biU far being undemo- 
cratic by narrowing the franchise.. 

Under the new iaw»30 of 60 seats in 
the legislature will be decided by 30 
business and professional groups known 
as ‘‘fuiKrion^coristimenctes,’’ which 
effectively means voting by companies. 

About 2 millio n people who voted in 
this category in the last election in J995 
will lose their vote, with only 200.000 
people eligible to participate. . - 

Another thud of the seats will be de- 
cided by proportional representation, and 
the remaining 10w2D.be filled by an 800^ 
member college of pro-Chioa groups. 

Supporters of the reduction in fran- 


chise point out that only 1-1 million of 
the 23 million people eligible to vote 


Burma’s Top Dissident Praises Junta 


China Says Missile Passed Muster 


RANGOON — Nobel Peace laureate Daw Aung San Suu Kyi 
praised Burma’s military rulers Sunday for permitting the biggest 
opposition gathering in years and asked them to follow up with 
negotiations and the release of political prisoners. 

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi expressed hope that the gathering of 700 
members of her National League for Democracy would mark a first 
step in the government's easing up on her movement. “Our people are 
happy because we were able to hold a congress, and I think the country 
and tiie international observers will take due note of the fact that the 
authorities have tried to be cooperative.” she said in a short speech. 

Military intelligence agents took pictures of the delegates as they 
came and left Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s residence but otherwise kept 
a relatively low profile. (AP) 


BEIJING — China said Sunday it had successfully tested a new type 
of long-range ground-to-air missile capable of evading radar "de- 
tection. 

In a sign of the importance China was placing on the development, 
state media said the tests at a secret desert air force site were attended 
by the deputy chief of general staff, the deputy director of the general 
political department and the deputy director of the general logistics 
department. 


The three officers praised the successful testing of the new high- 
speed missile “capable of evading electronic interference.” the Lib- 
eration Army Daily said Sunday. “This raises China’s air defense 
ability to a new level,” the newspaper said. (Reuters) 


For the Record 


India Begins Making Prithvi Missile * 2SHSM 

their country. Their drive is bolstered by recent decisions of the World 


xrowrrorm i a- -j c j .u - u j J their country. Their drive is bolstered by recent decisions of the World 

NEW DELHI India sard Sunday that it had started production of Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the United Nations to 
the medium-range Prithvi missile, which has been denounced by rebuff the government of First Prune Minister Hun Sen. (NYT) 


the 23 million people eligible to vote 
for this block of seats even registered for 
the 1995 elections, which they claim 
indicated a lack of interest. 

. . Several demoCTacy_..c|pns3Wgneis_... 
demonstrated outside tiie legislature 
after the vote, stretching a black banner 
across the front door and pasting 

S ' lets on windows denouncing the 
tors. They were quickly taken 
down by security guards. 

“It's an irony that the Provisional \Jt 
Legislature can set the electoral law for -p 
the territory’s 63 million people,”. said 
Andrew Cheng, the group's spokesman. 

“It has no legal basis nor popular sup- 
port from the public.”: 

Hong Kongo's Democratic Party bias- i 
ted the new law, proposed by the China- 
appointed chief executive, Tong Chee- j 
hwa, as undemocratic and unfair. 

“We are in principle against the new 
rules because it is not democratic,” Lee 
Wing-tat, a former Democratic Party 
legislator, said by telephone. “It is also 
not going to be a fair election. ” 

(Reuters, AP) 


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BANGKOK — Thailand adopted a 
new anti-graft constitution over the 
weekend, opening the door for what 
supporters of the charter called a new 
era of politics. 

The new constitution is intended to 
wipe out money politics and increase tbe 
stobility of the country’s short-lived ci- 
vilian governments. 

Also Saturday, the embattled six- 
party coalition government led by Prime 
Minister CJiaovaJit Yongduiyut 
weathered a no-confidence motion 
hours before Parliament approved the 
constitution. 

Support for the constitution and Mr. 
Chaovalit’s government swept aside 
two key factors that had been under- 
mining investor confidence in the coun- 
try’s troubled economy . 

Partners in the coalition government, 
however, are pressing for changes in the 
cabinet, and some people fear that new 
laws may chip away at anti-corruption 
reforms. 

Suffering from its worst economic 
slump in more than a decade, Thailand 
was forced last month to seek a $17.2 
billion bailout package, led by the In- 
ternational Monetary Fund. Since the 
beginning of the year, the stock market 
; index here has lost more than a third of 
its value and the country’s currency, the 
baht, has plunged by more than 40 per- 
cent against the U.S. dollar. 

Disturbed by political bickering over 
management of the crisis, the foreign 
banks and institutions that help to fuel 


portant political change to happen in 
Thailand since the military was thrown 
out of power in May 1992,” he said. 

Thai Rath, the nation's most widely 
read newspaper, said the constitution 
was a “revolution” for Thai politics. 

This elation may translate mto some 
short-term improvement of investor 
sentiment about Thailand, but some 
analysts predicted that the optimism 
would not last. 

“I think there is a lot of wishful 
thinking by tbe elite in Bangkok,” said 
Neil Saker, the Singapore-based head of 
regional economic research at SocGen- 
Crosby securities. “The real hanky- 
panky comes with implementation of 
the constitution.” 

Parliament has 240 days following , 
the vote Saturday to draft laws under the f 
new constitution before the body is dis- ~ 
solved. Some fear Parliament will water 
down reforms, particularly those con- 
cerning the vote-buying system that got 
many lawmakers elected- 

Other provisions under attack include 
limi ts on awarding gov ernm ent contracts 
to legislators, the end of the military’s 
monopoly on television and radio fre- 
quencies and a ce iling on the number of 
cabinet posts governments can create. 

4 1 Since the countdown for a new elec- 
tion has begun, politi cians Will bethink- 
ing of their supporters and electorates, 
not pushing through tough reform,-” a 
political analyst said-’ “fhk » a long 
lame-duck period.” r /J. § 

The danger of political distractions, ' 
some analysts said, is that once again 
tyugh economic choices would be 
delayed. 



Wmawrog/Rcnlcr. 

Mr. Chaovalit in Parliament after 
the no-confidence motion's defeat. 


the economy have limited or even cut 
off credit lines. 

Now the economy will improve be- 
cause people will have the confidence to 
come into the country,” said Vorapol 

foTTt P I ,mo1 ’ a Jeader of Businessmen 
N “ But we still have to 

watch hourthe Parliament drafts the new 

.„k^. r ;..y° rapo1 3X1(1 several thousand 
held an P ^, rters . otthenew constitution 
S‘ d - candlelight vigil in 

This cons!i!utj 0n is the most im- 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29. 1997 

EUROPE 


PAGE .", 


ai Spirits •» 


MASTERPIECES IN RUBBLE — Remains of scciions of the frescoed ceiling 
of the basilica of St. Francis of Assisi, lying near the basilica Sunday. They were 
removed after the two quakes Frida y that hit Assisi and other parts of Umbria, 
causing 11 deaths. Frescoes by Giotto on the side walls sur\ived with cracks. 


BRIEFLY 


Swiss Endorse Anti- Drug Plan 

GENEVA — The Swiss voted Sunday for the gov- 
ernment to continue its anti -drug strategy, which centers 
on a program of controlled handouts of heroin to addicts, 
initial projections indicated. 

Seventy percent of voters rejected an initiative called 
“Youth Without Drugs” that proposed making the dmg 
policy tougher and abandoning the supervised handouts 
of heroin to 800 addicts in about 15 towns, initial polls on 
Swiss television said. 

In another referendum. 56 percent of voters approved 
the government’s proposal to maintain a 3 percent cut in 
unemployment benefits that aims to reduce the spiraling 
national debt, television estimates showed. 

The referendum on drugs showed public support for 
both heroin handouts and methadone treatment for about 

14.000 addicts, roughly half of Switzerland's estimated 

30.000 consumers of hard drugs. (AF Pi 

U.K. Beef Exports Are Reported 

PARIS — At least 10.000 metric tons of British beef 
have been shipped to mainland Europe by way of Ireland 
and Northern Ireland to get around an export ban. a 
French newspaper reported Sunday. 

The report came a day after Saudi Arabia banned beef 
from Germany believed to have come from Britain. where 
the scare over “mad cow" disease prompted the Euro- 
pean Union to ban British beef exports in March 1996. 

_ , Le Journal du Dimancbe said the British farm minister. 

Cunningham, told -ai^ unidentified member of die • 
European Parliament on Aug. 28 that “several tens of 
thousands of tons” were fraudulently exported from 
Britain in the past year. 

A European Commission spokesman in Brussels had 
no immediate comment on the report. (AP) 

Tension Over Turkey’s EU Bid 

MUNICH — Prime Minister Mesul Yilmaz of Turkey 
said he expecred to get little support for his country’s bid 
to enter the European Union during his three-day visit to 
Germany, which begins Monday; 

“Germany has made perfectly clear on all levels that 
Turkey is difficult for the EU to digest in its expansion 
process." Mr. Yilmaz said in an interview in this week’s 
issue of the news magazine Focus. 

The German foreign minister, Klaus Kinkel, said this 
month that Turkey must first resolve its dispute with 
Greece over the divided island of Cyprus and human 
rights concerns stemming from its war with separatist 
Kurds. (AP) 

Charles Plans South Africa Trip 

JOHANNESBURG — Prince Charles will take his 13- 
year-old son. Prince Harry, on a South African tour in 
"October, the director of a game reserve said Sunday. 

Danie Mai an confirmed a Johannesburg newspaper 
report that Charles and Harry would visit the southern 
Shamwari game reserve. They would be joined by Earl 
Spencer, the brother of the late Princess of Wales, who 
lives tn Cape Town. 

Lord Spencer vowed at his sister Diana’s funeral SepL 
6 to see that her sons grow up in as free and wann an 
environment as she wished them to. His inclusion in the 
oroup appeared to indicate that be and Charles were 
cooperating. fSPi 


‘Picture Perfect’ Linkup of Atlantis and Mir 


AVh 

MOSCOW — Ten mhhs eased on 
Sunday alici die L'.S. *pace shuttle 
.-\ibrui?> ducked suivcss'fuffy w’lfh 
Mir. bringing a replacement Amer- 
ican astronaut and a new computer to 
Russia's irnubied urbmng craft. 

The two ships nudged" together in 
whni die American flight "director. 
Paul Dye. ljIIcJ a "picture perfect" 
divknu',.ind the seven crew members 
from Earth cxth.uigcd handshakes 
with the three men on Mir. 

The Atlantis crew includes Dr. 
David Willi. 4 1 . who w ill spend four 
months on Mir after the National 
Aeronautics ami Space Administra- 
tion ruled at (he last minute that it was 
safe despite pressure from skeptical 
U S. politicians. 

Dr, Wolf is replacing Michael 
Foale. a physicist, who has been on 
Imard since May. 

The 1 1 -year-old space station has 
I veil beset by problems this year, in- 
cluding a serious fire, an orbital col- 
lision. life support breakdown., and 
computer failures. 

Tlie first thing James Wetherhce. 
the shuttle commander, did after 
opening the hatch to Mir and shaking 
hands with its commander. Anatoli 
Solovyev, was to hand over a new 
computer for the space station. 


Shortly after The docking, astro- 
nauts on Mir and Atlantis stoned haul- 
ing the computer ^nd other cargo be- 
tween die two 

The cargo includes repair gear, sci- 
entific instruments, fresh drinking 
water, electrical b .iteries, tanks of air. 
and a cap design .-J to plug a leak in 
Mil's Spektr sciv-icc module, which 
was punctured in . crash with a cargo 
ship in June. 

■ *We Gut lL. Hntislmi* 

Katin' Sanya Tin ■ Wasiiw&w 
Past reported Jr- ; Houston: 

After two day - of pursuit, as each 
craft barreled around Earth at 17.000 
mph (27,300 krh «. Mr. Weiherbee 
edged his JflfMor. Atlantis gently up 
to a docking port ttachcd to the 150- 
lon Mir. Flower-'Ae petals on each 
craft gripped eaci other and snapped 
the spacecraft log . iher an they passed 
over central Asia 

“We got n. Hi jston." Mr. Weih- 
erbee said as live television pictures 
of the event were 'earned n> Earth. 

The successful linkup, the seventh 
of nine planned. the stage lor Dr. 
Wolf to move . I vur<J the partly 
crippled Russian .ijtposi for a four- 
month tour of duty. L>r. Wolf, w ho is an 
engineer as v. ell as .-. physician, said he 
hoped to work on about three dozen 


scientific experiments in six fields, 
w :»h particular focus on the growth of 
human cancer tissue, as well as helping 
his Russian crew mares repair and 
maintain their habitat in space. 

The four-monrh stay in orbit of his 
predecessor. Mr. Foale, has been 
plagued with >e: hacks large and 
including a potentially dis- 
astrous June collision that punctured 
his laboratory and cost him most of 
hi> on -board belongings. Mr. Foale 
will return to Earth aboard Atlantis at 
the end its 10-day flight. 

lr. an interview before his flight. 
Dr. Wo if said he hoped he and 'his 
mates aboard Mir, Mr. Solovyev and 
Pavel Vinogradov, the flight engi- 
neer. "will be remembered as the 
ones who completed the repair 
wurk.” He said the Mir mission was 
"like a crystal ball, looking into the 
future 1 0 years. 8 years. J 2 years, into 
the Iite of our next space station.'' 

Critics tn Congress and elsewhere 
have charged that the iong-duration 
sojourns by Americans aboard Mir 
should be terminated because they do 
not produce enough research or other 
results to justify the risks. NASA of- 
ficials have rejected ihjt view . saying 
they are confident that the missions 
pose no unacceptable risks. The ex- 
perience will be invaluable when the 




United States and Russia start build- 
ing and operating a new international 
space station, they say. 

The rendezvous Sunday began 
with the precisely limed launching of 
Atlantis from Kennedy Space Center 
on Thursday night and continued with 
a series of orbiter thruster-firings tha: 
enabled Atlantis io gain on Mir. 

.Arriving at a point a half-mile di- 
rectly beneath Mir. on an imaginary 
line between Mir and the Earth’s cen- 
ter. Mr. Wetlierbee look manual con- 
trol. easing up to Mir at 1 / 1 Oth of a foot 
i3U centimeters! per second to the 
docking bull’s eye on the (install sci- 
ence module, one of five trailer-size 
chambers attached to Mir’s central 
core. 

The It! space fliers aboard the two 
craft will spend the next few day, 
transferring the largest mass of cargo 
ex er front the shuttle to Mir. including 
1 .400 pounds (635 kilograms) of fresh 
water. 1 ,034 pounds of U.S. scientific 
equipment and 4.040 pounds of Rus- 
sian supplies and hardware. 

The Atlantis agenda also include, 
the first shut tie -based joint L'.S.- Rus- 
sian spacewalk, scheduled lor 
Wednesday, and a dose fly -around ol 
Mir lu in&peci and photograph dam- 
age done in the collision, us well a- 
numerous experiments. 


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INTERNATIONAL 


U.S.-Russian Accord Delays 
A Moscow Arms Cut 5 Years 


-By Steven Lee Myers 

Ww York Times Sen-ice 

JhoSTF 5 NATIONS. New York — The 
States signed a package of aims-' 
consol agreements with Russia, poshing back 
n “ie of the major treaties of the 

jr old War but clearing the wav for further cuts 
.in nuclear weapons. 

;■ Jbe sgreemeot would give Russia until the 
jjsnd of 2007 to dismantle launch and delivery 
[systems — missile silos, bombers and sub- 
tnannes — as required by the second Strategic 
.Arms Reduction Talks treaty, known as 
?TART-2. 

t However, those systems must be disabled 
■by 2003. 

The treaty was one of the major arms 
.accords of the Cold War. 

P President Boris Yeltsin has insisted he 
. needs time to win approval of it in the Russian 
Parliament 

_ Ratification of START-2, which was 
'signed in 1993, has become stalled in Mos- 
.cow. The new agreements are meant to break 
the logjam. 

Administration officials said the agree- 
jnents, which were signed Friday, would clear 
"the way for new talks to negotiate further cuts 
" in nuclear weapons. 

I The accords, which were signed with Be- 
larus, Kazakstan and Ukraine as well as with 
Russia, also modified the Ann-Ballistic Mis- 
' Isite Treaty of 1972, reaffirming prohibitions 
on longer-range defensive weapons. 

, . But the accords would give new flexibility 
, Tor the development of short er-range systems 
7mtended to replace weapons like the Patriots 
used in the Gulf War against Iraqi missiles 
.aimed at Israel and bases in Saudi Arabia. 

1 The pact indirectly puis new limits on the 
velocity and range of future missile systems 


by restricting the targets they can be tested 
againsL 

The pact explicitly bars the United Stares 
from testing or deploying any space-based 
missile defense systems, a restriction that has 
already drawn criticism from some circles in 
Congress. 

The delay in the effective date of START- 
2, as well as the modifications to the Anti- 
Ballistic Missile Treaty, were concessions on 
the part of the United States. 

They are meant to reassure Russia that, as 
the two sides move to cut their nuclear ar- 
senals still more under a future START-3, the 
United States would not deploy new missile 
defenses that could counter Russian weapons 
that would remain after negotiated cutbacks. 

The signing of the agreements coincided 
with the first meeting of foreign ministers of 
NATO and Russia, a committee created to 
ease Russia’s fears of an expanded NATO. 

Central to the debate on adding new nations 
to NATO was a concern that Russia would 
feel so threatened that it would dreg its feet on 
further anus-control agreements. 

Secretary of State Madeleine Albright 
signed the accords Friday afternoon during a 
ceremony at the Waldorf-Astoria in Man- 
hattan with Foreign Minister Yevgeni Pri- 
makov of Russia and their counterparts from 
Belarus, Kazakstan and Ukraine. 

She said the agreements would clear the 
way for Russia to ratify the START-2 treaty 
— a step that the U.S. Senate took in 1996 — 
and thus reduce nuclear warheads by roughly 
half — between 3,000 and 3,500. 

The agreements could prove controversial 
in the Senate, where some Republicans have 
opposed efforts to curb the development of 
snorter-range missile defenses. 

Others have proposed scrapping the Anti- 
Ballistic Missile Treaty altogether. 


U.K. Denies 
Reports of 
Poll on EMU 

Refers 

LONDON — Britain 
tweeted on Sunday spec- 
ulation that it was about to 
call a snap referendum on 
British entry into Euro- 
pean economic and mon- 
etary union, insisting that 
its position on the single 
currency was unchanged. 

Finance Minister Gor- 
don Brown described a 
Sunday newspaper re- 
port on a snap vote as 
“nonsense.” Britain will 
make an announcement 
on its European mone- 
tary intentions at die 
“appropriate time,” he 
said on BBC Television, 
adding that a decision 
was likely “about the 
turn of the year.” 

His view was echoed 
by Foreign Secretary 
Robin Cook. “It is un- 
likely Britain will join in 
the first wave,” he said. 
“There are formidable 
obstacles in the way of 
doing so.” 

“If the single currency 
proceeds and if it is a 
success, then in the 
longer term Britain could 
not stay out. But that is in 
the longer term, it is not a 
little after,” be said in 
another BBC interview. 


Chile Prepares for PinoeBet’s Departure 

General’s Retirement Could Signal Decline in Military’s Influence 

shift, all military expenditures fP“ sl ** 


By Calvin Sims 

New York Tunes Sen'iee 


SANTIAGO — Twenty-four years 
after General Augusto Pinochet led a 
coup that began Chile’s transformation 
from a backwater banana republic to the 
economic star of Larin America, the 
country's 82-year-old military com- 
mander is finally preparing to retire. 

During the lavish celebrations and 
violeni protests marking the anniversary 
SepL 1 1 of his coup in 1973 against the 
leftist government of Salvador AUende, 
General Pinochet announced that he 
would step down from his military post 
March 11. 

General Pinochet gave up political 
power in 1990 to a democratically elect- 
ed government, but he continues to serve 
as head of the army. He is required to step 
down by March 1 1 under the constitution 
he wrote when he turned over power. 

He said in his announcement that he 
had sent President Eduardo Frei the 
names of five candidates to succeed 
him. 

Under the constitution, Mr. Frei, 
whose six-year term ends in 2000. must 

C a successor to General Pinochet 
among the five most senior gen- 
erals, who presumably are on General 
Pinochet’s list. 

General Pinochet is widely respected 
in Chile for initiating the social and 
economic changes that have led to the 
country's prosperity. Its free-market 
economy has had 12 consecutive years 
of record growth, with low inflation and 
unemployment. 

But his retirement is generally viewed 
here as a necessary step toward final 
consolidation of democracy in a country 


that suffered atrocities under his mle. 
More than 2,000 political opponents 
were killed or disappeared without a trace 
during his reign, from 1973 to 1990. 

“Pmochet has been the most important 
figure in Chile's history this century, 
said Guillermo Holtzman, a professor & 
political science at tire University of 
Chile. ”His departure will finally allow 
this country to begin io practice democ- 
racy without the (rage shadow that 
Pinochet casts over politics and everyday 
life, whether it be intentional or no L’ ’ 

For many Chileans, General Pinochet 
is a symbol of both pride and pain. 

* T'm sorry to see Pinochet go, because 
he's changed this .country for die better,'* 
said Miguel Tornado, 42, a gardener. 
“But bis soldiers killed my favorite 
uncle, and I don't feel comfortable having 
him remain in such a high position.” 

General Pinochet has tried to ensure 
his continuing role in die government 
through another feature in his consti- 
tution that allows him to assume a Senate 
seat once he retires. 

But political analysts said the gen- 
eral’s departure would almost certainly 
reduce the military’s political and social 
influence in this country of 14 million 
people. 

With General Pinochet in the back- 
ground, Mr. Frei is expected to gain the 
political support needed to eliminate the 
four seats in toe 47-member Senate that 
are currently reserved for the military and 
to replace the generals who retain half the 
seats on the National Security Council. 

The government has already placed 
tighter financial restraints on the mil- 
itary, which automatically receives 10 
percent of die revenue of 



copper-mining company. 


the national 
In a recent 


shift, all military expenditures must De 
approved by the civilian-confrouea De- 
fense Ministry. . , n 

General Rafael Vdlanoel C^ona, 
the army’s chief of staff, who is a leading 
candidate to replace General Pinochet, 
said dial toe relations between toe ci- 
vilian government and the military had 
never been bettefr and that toe military 
had no desire to interfere in politics. 

The military, he added, had a respon- 
sibility to uphold what be called Chile s 
‘‘historical and cultural values- 

Human-rights groups maintain that 
General Pinochet’s retirement will do 
little to change toe privilege and 
from prosecution that they say Chile s 
military enjoys. 

Under a law imposed by General ^ 
Pinochet as a condition for agreeing to v 
democratic elections, amnesty from pros- 
ecution was granted to anyone accused of 
human-rights abuses during his rule. 

In an attempt to discover what 
happened to political opponents, the 
government has permitted court inves- 
tigations of military abuses. But lawyers 
for human-rights groups said General 
Pinochet had succeeded in getting many 
of the investigations transferred from 
civil courts to military tribunals so that 
officers accused of killings, torture, 
rapes and beatings would not have to 
face public scrutiny. 

“The armed forces believe that they 
are the guardians of democracy and Aar 
they are the moral reservoir in Chile,” 
said Nelson Caucoto, a lawyer for the 
Foundation for Social Help, a human- 
rights group supported by churches. 

“But as long as they feel that way and as p 

long as they justify human-rights abuses, 
there's no true reconciliation here.” 


<9 


* 


Southern Africa 
Trade Investment 
Summit 


New Panama Canal Board: 
It's a Lock for Nepotism 


• J f 


0 


By Larry Rohter 

New fork Times Service 


Botswana, November 18-19, 1997 

President Ketumile Masire and fellow heads of state from the region will lead 
discussions at the International Herald Tribune's third Southern Africa Trade ft 
Investment Summit to be held in Gaborone on November 18-19. The Presidents will 
be joined by business and finance leaders from the region, as well as renowned 
international figures and senior representatives from some of the world’s leading 
companies currently investing in Southern Africa. 


Summit Sponsors 



BLACK & VEATCH 


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Corporate Sponsors 



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As last year’s highly successful summit in Harare was oversubscribed, to ensure you arc able to 
take part, we suggest you contact our conference office as soon as possible for further details: 


Fiona Cowan, international Herald Tribune Conference Office, 63 Long Acre v London WC2E 9JH 
Tel (44 171) 836 4802 Fax: (44 171} 836 0717 E-mail: fwwan@iht.com 



THE WORLD'S DAILY NEWSPAPER 


PANAMA CITY — As a 
presidential candidate in 
1994, Ernesto Perez Bal- 
ladares was burdened by 
voters’ misgivings about his 
party’s unsavory ties to the 
deposed dictatorship of Gen- 
eral Manuel Antonio 
Noriega. To allay those fears, 
he promised that, if elected, 
he would treat toe Panama 
Canal not as toe spoils of vic- 
tory, but as the jewel of the 
national patrimony. - 

Now, having denounced 
his choices for the board of 
directors that will run the vital 
waterway after the United 
States hands it over to 
Panam a in 1999, President 
Perez Balladares is being ac- 
cused of breaking his word. 

Among his nominees to 
what will be an 11-member 
board are four members of his 
own or his wife’s family, in- 
cluding a first cousin, a son- 
in-law and the spouses of two 
other cousins. 

In addition, the president 
has appointed one of the chief 
fund-raisers of his election 
campaign, a businessman fa- 
mous for being embroiled in 
lawsuits. 

Other selections include 
two leading members of the 
Revolutionary Democratic 
Party who served Mr. 
Noriega as his foreign min- 
ister and interior minister and 
the son of Mr. Perez Bal- 
ladares ’s former foreign min- 
ister. 

Reaction to the president’s 
appointments among opposi- 
tion groups, unions and the 
press has been caustic and 
angry. A cartoon published in 
the country’s leading news- 
paper, La Prensa. early in 
September showed Mr. Perez 
Balladares greedily stuffing 
himself with pieces of a birth- 
day cake labeled “Canal” as 
a voice calls out, “Darling, 
your relatives have arrived.” 
while four other hands reach 
for portions. 

In an editorial, the news- 
paper reproached the presi- 
dent for violating “a tacit un- 
derstanding among the 
leaders of all parties that the 
C3nal is to be placed above 
and beyond the political 
fray” and ‘ ‘out of toe reach of 
ignoble appetites.” 

With the naming of the new 
board, the newspaper contin- 
ued. “the canal has been con- 
verted into a fount of juicy 
sinecures for the relatives and 
associates of toe president. ” 


As required by a pair of 
treaties signed 20 years ago, 
the waterway is currently 

managed by the P anam a 

Canal Commission, a U.S. 
government agency whose 
board has five American and 
four Panamanian members. 

At noon on Dec. 31. 1999, 
that panel will give way to the 
Panama Canal Authority, to 
be directed by toe all- 
Panamanian board appointed 
by toe government here. 

Shipping companies and 
foreign governments have 
never questioned toe ability 
of 'dftfin&y^anal employees: 
whose professionalism and 
dedication to the waterway 
were demonstrated during the 
Noriega dictatorship. 

Already, more than 92 per- 
cent of the waterway’s 9,800 
workers, including more than 
two-thirds of the pilots who 
steer ships through the canal, 
are Panamanians. 

Nor have the qualifications 
of the Panama Canal’s ad- 
ministrator. Albeno Aleman 
Zubieta, been challenged. A 
Panamanian engineer edu- 
cated in the United States, Mr. 
Aleman was appointed last 
year and has been praised as a 
capable and impartial civil 
servant by shippers con- 
cerned about the canal’s tran- 
sition from U.S. to Panamani- 
an hands. 

But shippers, diplomats, 
canal employees and their un- 
ions have not expressed the 
same confidence in Mr. Perez 
Balladares's decision to turn 
to relatives, friends and polit- 
ical associates to set canal 
policy. 

‘ ‘This sends the wrong sig- 
nal to everyone who uses toe 
canal and wonders if Panama 
can run it as efficiently and 
honestly as the Americans.” 
said a European shipping 
company executive who af- 
tended a congress on the fu- 
ture of toe canal held here 
Sept 7 to 10. 

Jorge Ritter, whom Mr. 
Perez Balladares appointed in 
July as minister of canal af- 
fairs and has named to head 
the future Panama Canal Au- 
thority, did not respond to re- 
quests for an interview re- 
garding the board’s 
composition. 

But in an interview late last 
year, he argued thar while 
“being a friend of the pres- 
ident cannot be toe only cre- 
dential, neither should it be an 
impediment.'' 

In addition. Joe Reeder, an 
American who is chairman of 
the Panama Canal Commis- 


sion, said in early September 
that some of the local crit- 
icism of Mr. Perez Bal- 
ladares's choices was unfair 
and misdirected. 

Several of toe nominees, he 
pointed out, already serve as 
members of toe commission 
or toe technical or legal work- 
ing groups that are overseeing 
toe transition. 

“1 know almost all of 
them, and I couldn’t be more 
pleased.” he said. 

“In a nation of under 3 
million people, there are 
many relationships among 
the established families. But I 
think the key is toe quality 
and background these indi- 
viduals bring as successful 
businessmen and bankers 
already involved intimately 
in toe business of the 
canaL” 

On SepL 15, in a move that 
analysts of canal affairs called 
surprising, Mr. Reeder an- 
nounced that he was resign- 
ing. His successor is expected 
to be named in October. 

The prominence of Mr. 
Ritter, who served firsr as 
Panama’s ambassador to 
Colombia and then as foreign 
minister when Mr. Noriega 
was in power, is itself seen by 
many here as a sign of politi- 
cization of the canal ’s admin- 
istration. Though he is re- 
garded as enjoying the 
president’s confidence, Mr. 
Ritter is neither an engineer 
nor a transportation expert, 
and testimony during Mr. 
Noriega's 1991 trial in Miami 
implicated him in toe sale of a 
car to a member of a Colom- 
bian drug cartel. 

“We still have to show him 
where Miraflores is.” a union 
official said in jesL referring 
to a set of locks just north of 
toe capital. 


* 


Do you live in Austria, 
Belgium, Luxembourg 
or Sweden ? 

For information about subscribing call: 

Austria 01891363830 
Belgium 0800 17538 M-M 
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•tuKTOiinrsmnr veusbihui 


‘No Weather* 
Is the Outlook 
For Bulgaria 

The iXssocioted Press 

SOFIA — Rain or 
shine? Don’t ask Bul- 
garian meteorologists for 
toe next few days. 

Thieves looking for 
copper to sell made off 
with a section of a high- 
voltage cable tout sup- 
plies power to the Met- 
eorological Institute in 
Sofia, leaving the fore- 
casters unable to use 
toeir instruments. 

Bulgarian radiu re- 
ported toe theft Saturday. 
It was the first time in toe 
50 years of the institute 
that toe country had no 
forecast. 

The institute has no 
backup power source be- 
cause fne economically 
struggling state cannon 
afford toe equipment. 

Communications an i 
electricity disruption 
have become comm,, u 
throughout Bulgaria /n 
recent years becaus,- ,,f 
cable thefts. Sev.-ral 
would-be thieves |. av ,. 
been electrocuted a , 
tempting to cut and t ,u\ v 

off with cables. 


r 












INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1997 


PAGE 7 



LANGUAGE 


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When Outreach Becomes Overreaching 


By William S afire 


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W ASHINGTON — When he was 
first asked about his presence at a 
1996 fund-raiser in a California 
Buddhist temple. Vice President A1 
Gore claimed he had no idea it was a 
fund-raiser, which has now become a 
politically diny word. He thought the 

purpose of the gathering was ■‘com- 
munity outreach." 

Alter the election, an aide put out 
word that Gore did know it was a 
"finance-related, event" and added 
with Fervent candor. "If he had the 
opportunity now to not say ‘community 
outreach' and to use a different term of 
art like political outreach or something 
like that ... he probably would have 
done it-” Another anonymous White 
House aide, after the derision directed 
at the euphemism finance-related, tried 
a different compound modifier: it had 
been understood to be a * 'donor main- 
tenance" meeting. 

In all this linguistic bobbing and 
weaving, the key word is outreach. 

Officialdom ’embraces the word: 
"We care about the outreach to small 
business," says a Los Angeles small- 
business agent. So does the charity 
world: A new gymnasium "gave us 
greater outreach into the neighbor- 
hood," says a Memphis philanthropy. 
Churches get with it. too: "We want to 
see our church be the hub of evan- 
gelistic outreach to the community," 
says a Norfolk. Virginia, clergyman 
Where did its cun-ent popularization 
begin? In the labor movement: The 
"Apprenticeship Outreach program" 
was begun by the AFL-CIO in 1969 to 
encourage the hiring of those who were 
then called Negro youths in the con- 
struction trades. Labor's Lane Kirk- 
land and the Nixon labor secretary 
George P. Shultz put the government 
Firmly behind the plan. Arnold Weber, 
then assistant secretary of manpower 
and now chancellor of Northwestern 


University, recalls the word being 
bruited about heavily a t the February 
1970 labor conclave at Bal Harbor. 
Florida. 

“I was probably the passive conduit 
of some flack.” he tells me. 

’ ‘The word was in the bureaucratic 
air at the time." The renowned edu- 
cator t who used to send the While 
House memos stamped "Teeth 
Only" 1 adds: * ‘ Your etymological 
question should be: Whv was the word 
order reversed? Why wasn't it 
reach 011 ft'' (Beats me, chancellor; a 
related formulation, takeout, means 
food "to be consumed off premises.” 
while the reverse, uuttakc, means 
' tape not used in a broadcast." No 
similar split took place with 
reach out.) 

Politics — the business of involving 
voters in a party’s cause — seized on 
the word. In their need to reach out and 
put the touch on someone, politicians 
nave adopted and besmirched a word 
coined in its compassionate sense by 
the poet John Greenleaf Whittier in 
1870: "No proof beyond this yearn- 
ing ,/This out-reach of our hearts, we 
need.” 

Or as the vice chairman of finance. 
Andrea del Sarto, never used to say: 
Man's outreach should exceed his out- 
grasp, or what's a fund-raiser for 1 ? 

□ 

At those hearings examining cam- 
paign finance scandals, a title was in- 
troduced not often heard in Congress. 
Three Buddhist nuns, explaining under 
immunity from prosecution how they 
altered and destroyed incriminating 
checks and documents, were respect- 
fully addressed by their title Vener- 
able. 

What a nice word. Rooted in the 
Latin 1 cnerari, "to worship,” and 
even more deeply in ivrau, "love," 
venerable is a title that is a degree more 
reverent than Reverend. In the Anglic- 
an Church, it is used for an archdeacon; 


in the Catholic Church, u is a title for a 
dead person who may be beatified on 
the way to sainthood, and in Buddhism, 
it is used by nuns, roughly equivalent to 
the litlc Sister. 

As an adjective, venerable means 
"worthy of respect because of age and 
dignity." Its most famous use is titular, 
however; the Venerable Bede was a 
Benedictine monk and scholar who 
lived in seventh-centurv England. He 
was sainted in 1899, and is venerated 
by historians inday because the widely 
read theologian was the first to scru- 
pulously cite his sources. 

□ 

Who was the faiher of paparazzi ]' 

The I960 movie “La Dolce Vita” 
was a drama directed by Federico 
Fellini illuminating the decadence, al- 
coholism, sex-satiation and other non- 
family values prevalent among a 
swinging set in postwar Italy. Marcello 
Maslroianni played a predatory gossip 
columnist and Walter Samesso a side- 
walk photographer called "Signore 
Paparazzo." 

An Economist magazine etymolo- 
gist found That a Fellini writer, Neoen- 
nio Flaiano. took the name from a 19th- 
century hotelier in Catanzaro. Cori- 
olano Paparazzo, mentioned in "By 
the Ionian Sea." by George Gissing. 
Bui it was Fellini's character who gave 
birth 10 an eponym, a word derived 
from the name of* an individual. 

The most famous eponymous char- 
acters arc Amelia Bloomer, a suffragist 
who wore Turkish-style pants. Captain 
Charles Boycott, the shunned British 
land agent in Ireland, and Samuel Mav- 
crick.'ihe Texas rancher who didn't 
brand his caule; less well known are 
Thomas Bowler and John Batterson 
Stetson, the hatmokers; Johannes Gei- 
ger, the counterman: Rudolf Diesel, the 
internal combuster, and King Mausol- 
u.s of Caria, whose tomb was one of the 
seven wonders of the ancient world. 

New Times Service 


BOOKS 


KING SUCKERMAN 
By George P- Pelecanos. 264 pages. 
$22.95. Little. Brow. 

Reviewed by Nelson George 

M IDWAY through George P. Pele- 
canos ‘s "King Suckerman,” three 
decidedly goofy and sadly star-crossed 
teenagers are cruising down a D.C. street 
l in 1976 arguing over rock music. Ref- 
7 erences to "Led Zeppelin in," "Houses 
of the Holy," Uriah Heep and Mahogany 
Rush fill the car. Then there is this choice 
morsel of drugged-out conversation; 

" ‘I am telling yon, man,* said Jerry, 
raising his voice over the music. ‘Frank 
Marino was in this car crash, dude. He 
never sang or played guitar or nothin’ 
before. But after the crash he woke up 
out of his coma and just started playin’. 
They say the spirit of Hendrix entered 
his body.’ " 

If you are unfamiliar with Marino (a 
’70s guitar god), his catalogue of ear- 
splitting solos or the myth of Jlmi 
Hendrix's spirit entering his body, you 
will probably not squeeze much pleasure 
out of this film-noir novel. On one level 


it is a brutal, blood-spattered bit of 
graphically told but not inventively 
structured pulp fiction. 

However, if you have any affection 
for the nitty-gritty of pop culture from 
20-plus years ago. then ‘‘King Suck- 
erman" is a genuine smile inducer. 

Pelecanos, the author of five previous 
novels, has enmeshed himself in the 
nuances of the leisure-suit era. With 
knowing references to the rock band 
Little Feat, Peter Lawford and Sammy 
Davis Jr. movies ("Salt and Pepper," 
"One More Time"). "Marcus Welby, 
MJX” and whether Hendrix's ‘ ‘Band of 
Gypsies" should be stocked as rock or 
funk, the author does a beautiful job of 
lacing the book with an almost giddy 
trail of references. Even Dennis Miller 
would be impressed. 

The book's title comes from a fictional 
blaxploitahoo flick about a dominating 
black pimp whom almost everyone in the 
novel either has seen or warns to see very 
badly. It’s a wonderful conceit, one I wish 
played a larger role in the narrative. 

For while the subtext of * ‘King Suck- 
erman" is a grand celebration of mid- 
1970s pop, the story is full of a dis- 


BRIDGE 


Alan Truscott 


E NGLAND has long had a 
virtual monopoly on the 
7 production of bridge books in 
which excellent bridge hands 
are spiced with wit and hu- 
mor. S. J. Simon began the 
tradition half a century ago, 
and was succeeded by Victor 
Moilo. Now we are fortunate 
to have David Bird. His latest 
effort, in collaboration with 
Simon Cocberae, is "Bridge 
With A Feminine Touch,” 
available from the Bridge 
World, 39 West 94th Street, 
New York. N.Y. 10036, for 
$15.95 including mailing. 

The book recounts the en- 
tertaining adventures of 
Debbie, a young Englishwo- 
• k man who ventures into a local 
bridge club and progresses to 


international class. En route 
she meets some interesting 
men, mostly predatory, and 
forms a partnership with an 
equally lively woman her 
own age. The climax arrives 
when they play for a British 
team against the Polish wom- 
en’s team. Debbie picks up 
the powerful South hand 
shown in the diagram and 
progresses slowly to seven 
spades. Her five no-trump bid 
asks her partner to show a 
specific long, and six dia- 
monds is exactly what she 
hopes to hear. 

west leads the bean king 
and, with the match in the 
balance, Debbie thinks furi- 
ously. She sees thar her task is 
easy with a normal 2-1 trump 
split or a normal 4-3 diamond 
split. In either case, she would 
be able to discard dummy’s 


club losers eventually on dia- 
monds and niff her diamond 
loser. 

She looks for a way to suc- 
ceed if both suits break badly, 
and finds it in a dummy re- 
versal. Her plan is to ruff 
hearts in her hand at every 
opportunity, and she starts by 
ruffing the first trick with the 
trump ace. Then she uses 
dummy's entries, two in 
tramps and one in diamonds, 
to ruff three more hearts. 
Then she raffs a diamond, 
draws the remaining trump 
and claims the grand slam. 
The club ace is the entry to 
cash three diamond winners 
at the finish. 

The match is won, her 
teammates are delighted with 
her decisive grand slam ef- 
fort, and Debine is in bridge 
ecstasy. 


NORTH 

♦ J 98 2 
9108752 
OK 

* J10 7 


VEST 

4- 

0KQJB6 
0 108652 
4K82 


EAST 
*764 
9 A 4 3 
097 

4Q9643 

SOUTH (D) 

* A K Q 10 5 3 
0_ 

OAQJ43 

4A5 

Both skies were vulnerable. The 


bidding: 

South 

West 

North 

East 

2* 

20 

Pass 

Pass 

24 

Pass 

34 

Pass 

44 

Pass 

44 

Pass 

4N.T. 

Pass 

54 

Pass 

5 N.T. 

Pass 

64 

Pass 

7 * 

Pass 

Pass 

Pass 


West led the heart king. 


CROSSWORD 


ACROSS 

1 Response to an 
insult 

a Tibetan monk 
a Snack chip 

14 Prefix with 
dynamic 
is Pastoral poem 

is “Not you 1" 

»7 Expressway 
access 

is Big bag 
is Saltine brand 
20 Attractions near 
the Nile 

23 Doorway 

24 Elderly 

23 Orthodontist's 
org. 


2 a Sights around 
road repairs 

33 ‘Quiet!’ 

38 Fishing 
equipment 

87 Ababa 

aa Rural outing 

41 Fine gold and 
enamelware 

43 Viper 

44 Swiss peak 

48 Question's 
opposite: Abbr. 

461.8. 27. 64. etc. 

Si That Sp. 

sa it’s 21 * oxygen 

S3 Stallone tide 
role 

87 Components of 
some auto 
engines 

ex Screen symbols 


ip to Puzzle of Sept. 26 

‘M'n 1 1 1 1 1 11 Bill 1 I 1 |ii 
1,1 1 1 HPlbACE 


gHnaaglgaaaanozj 



64 Grand Dragon's 
group 

68 Barely passing 
grades 

Ofi* and 

‘ Punishment* 

67 Table ot 
contents, e.g. 

68 — -spumante 
(wine) 

69 18 on a golf 
course 

70 Canyon effect 

71 Distribute, with 
‘out' 

DOWN 

1 ‘Beetle Bailey' 
character 

2 Gain knowledge 

3 Medieval 
helmet 

4 Warhol's genre 

5 Have trouble 
with esses 

8 'An apple 

7 Sherlock 
Holmes's 
brother 

8 Acid neutralizer 

8 -Schindler's 
List' villain 

10 Elderly 

11 Prophetess of 

Greek myth 

12 Strike 

13 ‘Put-— . 
Happy Face • 

zi Scandinavian 
war god 


22 1600 , to Cato 

28 Condescend 

27 Biblical beasts 
of burden 

2 » Common 
conjunction 

30 Finder’s 

31 Taxi 

32 - to the 

West Wind' 

33 Mold 

34 Devil's domain 

35 Swift watercraft 

39 Third man in the 
ring 

40 Anger 

41 Winter bug 

42 Police alert, for 
short 

44 Kind of paint 

47 Convertible or 
coupe, e.g. 

48 Amuse 

48 White-tailed 



€>Neuf York Times/Edited by Will Shorts. 


bo Iraq's Hussem 
54 Reagan Attorney 
General Edwin 
SB Royals great 
George 

58 Actor Davis 


58 ‘This one's 

so Appbes 

SO Whip 


INTERNATIONAL 



Grrera .'ulim'VEite Fnocr-PK** 


tinctively '90s cruelty. A brutal black 
ex -con named Wilton Cooper is headed 
to D.C. to execute a drag deal. Along the 
way he picks up an equally homicidal 
white gunslinger, Bobby Roy Claggett, 
and two other hoodlums. They leave a 
trail of death and dismemberment. 

The nominal heroes of "King Suck- 
erman" — Marcus Clay, owner of a cool 
little record store, and his basketball 
buddy Dimitri Karras, a small-time drag 
dealer — cross paths with Cooper and, 
through bad judgment, become his prey. 
As the Bicentennial celebration builds, 
bullets fly and buckets of blood flow 
from wounds of the bad and good alike. 

Pelecanos ’s prose is taut and in- 
volving. This is a damn good book. But I 
wish the playfulness of his cultnral ref- 
erences had spilled over into his 
storytelling. The shifts between the two 
suggest that a beoer. less grim tale re- 
mains just a few steps from where 
‘‘King Suckerman" finally lands. 

Nelson George, author of several 
books and consulting producer of “ The 
Chris Rock Show" on HBO television, 
wrote this for The Washington Post. 


BLOWIN* IN THE WIND — Bob Dylan singing in Bologna on 
Saturday for a crowd put at 350,000, including Pope John Paul II, in 
background. The concert was part of the church’s outreach to youth. 


Striving for Euro , Prodi 
Adopts 1998 Deficit Cuts 


Reuters 

ROME — Prime Minister Romano 
Prodi’s cabinet approved the 1998 
budget on Sunday, which should ensure 
Italian membership in the single Euro- 
pean currency but could stir fierce dis- 
sent within the center-left coalition. 

A government spokesman said the 
cabinet approved the deficit-cutting 
package after a nine-hour session. 

The budget aims to cut 25 trillion lire 
($14.6 billion) from next year’s public- 
sector deficit and includes controversial 
cuts in welfare spending and increases in 
value-added taxes. 

Mr. Prodi’s far-left parliamentary 
ally, the Refounded Communist Party, 
has repeatedly threatened to withdraw 
its support for the government if the 
budget includes pension cuts. 

Government officials said the treas- 
ury was looking for about 5 trillion lire 
in savings next year from its social ex- 
penditure bill. 

Although they did not specify the 
breakdown of the cuts, pending the con- 
clusion of long-standing negotiations 
with trade union leaders, government 
sources indicated that up to 4 3 trillion 
lire in savings might crane from pen- 
sions. 

This prospect has put the Refounded 


BRIEFLY 


Communists, who safeguard • Mr. 
Prodi’s majority in the lower house, on a 
war footing. ‘‘Unfortunately there will 
be a government crisis," , the party's 
economic spokesman, Nerio Nesi, said 
Saturday. 

Mr. Prodi has sought to lessen hos- 
tility to the welfare cats by including 
some 5 trillion lire for incentive schemes 
designed to increase employment and 
development in the south, the poorest 
part of Italy. 

Labor Minister Tiziano Treu said the 
budget would help revitalize the south’s 
sluggish economy and he urged the Re- 
founded Communists not to withdraw 
support for the coalition — which could 
lead to early elections. 

"We’re going to stick to our guns. If 
they bring down the government then it 
will mark the end of our march to 
Europe," Mr. Treu said during a visit to 
Sicily. 

To be enacted, the bill has to be 
approved by both houses of Parliament 
before the end of 1997. 

Italian governments in recent years 
have embarked on a dramatic fight 
against the state deficit to prepare the 
economy for the adoption of die single 
currency, the euro; scheduled for Jan. 1, 
1999. 


Real Work 
On Ulster 
Starts Now 


By James F. Clarity 

New Yarl Vanes Sen itf 

DUBLIN — After 75 years of sporadic 
sectarian violence between Northern Ire- 
land’s Protestant majority and its Roman 
Catholic minority, political leaders from 
both sides will face each other in formal 
negotiations for die first time Monday. 

The delegates entered the same room 
last week, a historic and histrionic event, 
and engaged in politically motivated 
squabbles over procedure. But the real 
work on substantive issues begins Mon- 
’ day in the drab Castle Buildings office in 
the Stormont area of Belfast, Northern 
Ireland's capital. Progress is not expec- 
ted to be swift. 

The last obstacles to the opening of the 
peace talks were overcome- in the last 
two weeks. Sinn Fein, the political wing 
of the predominantly Catholic Irish Re- 
publican Army, was admitted to the talks 
on the basis of its pledge of nonviolence 
after the IRA called a cease-fire in July. 

The predominantly Protestant Ulster 
Unionist Party, the largest political 
group in the North, also entered the talks 
after failin g in a last-ditch attempt 10 
have Sinn Fein expelled. Eight other 
parties and the Irish and British gov-' 
emments also plan to take pan. The goal 
is an agreement, by next May. to put a • 
permanent end to the violence that has 
killed 3.225 people since 1S69. 

"We are leaving behind us the bit- 
terness of history," Ray Burke, the Irish 
foreign minister, said last week. 

The negotiations are likely to come 
under strain on matters that have been 
pushed aside by disputes over disarm- 
ament of the IRA and Prorestam para- 
military groups. 

When the talks began in June 1996;, 
they slid immediately into a dispute over 
disarmament. Now that issue has been 
pigeonholed, at least temporarily, by a 
resolution approved Wednesday night 
This opens the way for the discussion of 
otter basic disagreements. Among these 
are Sinn Fein's objective of creating a 
united Ireland, free of British control, 
run by the Irish Republic. 

While Geny Adams, the Sinn Fein 
president will argue for a united Ireland 
and British withdrawal from the North, be 
will have to settle for closer adminis- 
trative links between Dublin and Belfast; 

The official policy of Ireland and Bri- 
tain, affirmed in three formal documents 
and repeated by the prime ministers of 
both countries in recent weeks, is that 
there will be no change in the status of 
the British province without the consent 
of the majority, which is likely to remain 
Protestant well into the new century. • 

Most specialists agree that Mr. Adam$ 
will have to be given some concessions 
on the issue, some indication that even- 
tually Britain will consider withdrawing 
its troops and relinquishing power. Oth- 
erwise he will be vulnerable to attacks by 
IRA hard-liners, who already fear that he 
will not defend the traditional Repute 
lican objective of unification. 

The other issues before the negotiators 
include proposals for a provincial legr. 
islature to rrolace direct British rale from 
London, which has administered the 
province since 1974. Any agreement 
would require the approval of die two 
Pa rliaments and referendums in Ulster 
and the Irish Republic. 


Iraq Lays 1.2 Million Deaths 
To UN Sanctions on Trade 

BAGHDAD — Iraq asserted Sunday that more than 
1.2 million people had died as a result of medical 
shortages during more than seven years of United Na- 
tions trade sanctions. 

Health Minister Umeed Madhat Mubarak told Arab 
and Western reporters attending a cultural festival that 
about 6,500 children under the age of 5 bad died in Iraq 
each month, compared with 506 a month before the 1 990- 
91 Gulf War. Deaths among people over 5 have risen to 
8,000 a month from 1,600, he said. 

Hospitals lacked medical supplies such as anesthetics, 
analgesics and spare parts for medical equipment and can 
operate at only 30 percent of capacity. 

The sanctions, imposed after Iraq’s 1990 invasion of 
Kuwait, do not prohibit medical imports, but with oil 
exports blocked the government lacks the money to pay 
for them. (Reuters) 

Jerusalem’s Mayor Is Cleared 

JERUSALEM — An Israeli coun Sunday cleared 
Jerusalem’s mayor of charges that he gave out false tax 
receipts to illegal campaign contributors almost 10 years 
ago. 

Israeli Army radio said the Tel Aviv District Court 
found that the prosecution did not prove Mayor Ehud 
Olmert was involved in the scheme. 

Mr. Olmert has professed his innocence since the 
opening of the trial in January. He was charged with 
falsifying documents, aggravated fraud and knowingly 
giving false statements. 

Prosecutors alleged that Mr. Olmert, as Likud party 
treasurer in 1988. helped set up a fake advertising agency 
to give false receipts to advertisers and businessmen wbo 
donated to the party. fAP) 

Taleban Offers an Amnesty 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — The Taleban Islamic mi- 
litia in Afghanistan offered amnesty Sunday to the de- 
fenders of die main northern city of Mazar-i-Sbarif, 
which iesays it has had under siege for several days. 

"If the opponents lay down arms voluntarily, their 
heads and property will be safe and the fate of those 
captured in fighting will be decided in court,” the Tale- 
ban leader Mullah Mohammad Omar, said in a statement 
quoted by the Pakistan-based Afghan Islamic Press. 

The statement, issued from the southern Afghan town 
of Kandahar, urged opposition fighters to “lay down 
arms to stop further bloodshed and not to compel the 
Taleban to more fighting. ’ ’ ( Reuters l 




editorials/opinion 


I 


Hcralb 


WITH THE NEW WWK TOMS AND TIIE WASHINGTON POST 


tribune 


An Opening in Algeria 


For foe first time in years, there is a 
small bui significant opening for peace 
in Algeria, if successfully exploited, it 
could eventually bring an end to the 
horrific violence that has been tearing 
that country apart since 1992 and has 
so far cost 60,000 lives. But this pre- 
cious opportunity will likely be lost 
unless France, which provides Alger- 
ia’s military-backed government with 
diplomatic support in Europe and SI 
billion a year in subsidized loans, uses 
its leverage ro insist on a serious gov- 
ernment effort to negotiate a compro- 
mise peace. 

The opportunity comes with the an- 
nouncement that the armed wing of 
Algeria’s main Muslim political party, 
the Islamic Salvation Front, will halt all 
terrorist attacks as of Tuesday. That 
will not bring an immediate end to the 
violence, since armed backers of the 
Salvation Front are responsible for only 
a small share of terrorist incidents. 

But it is significant because it was the 
Algerian army’s intervention to pre- 
vent a Front victory in parliamentary 
elections five years ago that ignited the 
conflict. A compromise solution re- 
turning the Front to peaceful political 
life would deprive Algeria's main ter- 
rorist organization, the Armed Islamic 
Group, of its most potent cause. 

Significantly, the Salvation Front's 
cease-fire announcement was broad- 


and imposed an authoritarian consti- 
that ba 


tution that bans Islamic party candi- 
dates from running for office. On the 
Islamic side, there also are extremists 
opposed to compromise. 

With the cease-fire announcement, 
and its positive reception by the gov- 
ernment, the moderates on both sides 
have stepped forward — and onto a 
political limb. That limb will likely be 
sawed off unless Paris insists the army 
allow peace negotiations or face an end 
to French subsidies and support. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES 


Smoky Southeast Asia 


The thick smoke spreading 
throughout Southeast Asia apparently 
claimed 234 additional lives on Friday, 
when an Indonesian airliner lost its way 
in the haze and crashed. The smoke, 
coming from forest fires on the In- 
donesian island of Sumatra and the In- 
donesian part of Borneo, now blankets 
Singapore. Brunei and parts of Malay- 
sia, the Philippines and Thailand. 

The fires are accelerated by drought 
but were set by man. In its headlong rush 
to cut down its timber and sell it, Asia 
has saddled itself with the worst de- 
forestation problem of any continent 

Environmentalists have long 
warned of the consequences. Asian 
leaders have dismissed the critics as 
subversives inspired by the West to try 
to stop Southeast Asia’s dazzling eco- 
nomic growth. But w hile previous fires 
have not persuaded governments to 
halt deforestation. Asia's leaders 
should now realize that growth is fleet- 
ing when based on the wanton de- 
struction of natural resources. 

The Indonesian government has at- 
tributed previous fires to farmers clear- 
ing their land for crops. This time, be- 
cause the fires have been burning for 
months and satellite data are being made 
public, the government has been forced 
ro acknowledge that the fires coincide 
mainly with areas of commercial log- 
ging on Borneo and Sumatra. 

Indigenous farmers use the same en- 
vironmentally sound fanning methods 
they have for centuries, rotating be- 
tween plots of family land. The problem 
is the logging companies, which often 
show up unannounced, cut the trees, 
bum the stumps and set up plantations 
of oil palms or eucalyptus and acacia 
trees for paper and pulp — usually ail 
without compensating the farmers. 

To compound the tragedy, the pre- 
cious tropical hardwood is then turned 
into virtual garbage. Most of it is milled 
into plywood and particle board, largely 
used in Japanese construction sites as a 


disposable mold for concrete. About 10 
percent of Indonesia's plywood comes 
to North America, where ir is used in 
construction and cheap shelving. 

The export of logs is illegal in In- 
donesia, so they are milled first The 
plywood trade is a cartel controlled by 
Mohamad (Bob) Hasan, a billionaire 
who is President Suharto’s golf part- 
ner. Though the government has 
vowed to prosecute the companies that 
set the fires, the record is not prom- 
ising. Loggers can pay local forestry 
officials (0 look the other w'ay. and 
powerful friends of the Suharto family 
have remarkably few legal problems. 

Indonesia is not alone. Deforesta- 
tion is more pronounced on the Malay- 
sian part of Borneo, and is widespread 
in Cambodia. Thailand and other coun- 
tries. In Indonesia, however, the dev- 
astation of commercial logging is com- 
pounded by the government's policy of 
subsidizing migration, which until 
1986 was supported by the World 
Bank. Farmers from the crowded is- 
land of Java are encouraged to move to 
the forests of Borneo and Sumatra. 
Unfortunately, they bring their old 
techniques, which do not work outside 
Java's rich volcanic soil and are eating 
up the forest. 

Some good can come of these tragic 
fires if they persuade Southeast Asia and 
the nations that import their products to 
take forest protection seriously. The 
United States should begin by banning 
plywood made of tropical hardwood, or 
requiring country-of-origin labeling on 
wood products so consumers can refuse 
to buy them. Japan also needs to rethink 
its import policies. In the end, however. 
Southeast Asia’s environmental prac- 
tices will not greatly improve until cor- 
ruption and authoritarianism diminish. 
There is too much money to be made by 
powerful people, and too little attention 
paid to those groups trying to bring 
sanity to reckless growth. 

—THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


The Generals Disapprove 


The VS. ambassador in Nigeria the 
past four years has been Walter Car- 
rington, who by almost all accounts has 
done an effective job representing the 
U.S. determination to have the military 
rulers allow a return to democracy. We 
say “almost” because there is an ex- 
ception, the Lagos military government 
itself. It has been conducting a campaign 
of political intimidation and personal 
harassment against Mr. Carrington. This 
came to a climax recently when police 
barged into a farewell reception he was 
being tendered by human rights ad- 
vocates, threatened to shoot a speaker 
and shut the meeting down. 

That the generals would not be fans 
of American policy is no surprise, is 
even a tribute of sorts and proof that the 
message is getting through. But that the 
generals would think they can get away 
with breaking the diplomatic rules in 
their persecution of a U.S. ambassador 
is not only insulting but absurd. The 
United States already has imposed 
sanctions against Nigeria for a series of 


other reasons related to its record on 
annulment of elections, human rights, 
the safety of its air flights and failings 
in anti-narcotics cooperation. Cutting 
further the American contacts of Ni- 
gerian officials would seem a minimal 
response until the security and dignity 
of the U.S. Embassy can be ensured. 

Through it all, Mr. Carrington has 
kept his faith in the capacity of Nigeria 

and to fulfill its promise as nt^ondyfoe 
most populous state in Africa but po- 
tentially one of die most prosperous and 
responsible. Chido Nwangwu, the 
Houston-based Nigerian publisher of 
the on-line USAfrica newspaper, be- 
lieves die U.S. interest in democra- 
tization has been overshadowed by a 
concent for U.S. investments, African- 
American heritage and “the strategic 
value of oil-rich Nigeria in die geometry 
of international economic relations.” 
But you couldn't prove that from the 
way Mr. Carrington has done his job. 

—THE WASHINGTON POST. 


LVtWiAmtUL 


aim ft* ' 


■ imbi nnh m ifc "uurwn ■ 


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cast on government television and radio 
stations and favorably commented on 
in trie pro-government press. Usually, 
these outlets give only negative cov- 
erage of the Front. But the cease-fire is 
a direct result of the government s de- 
cision in July to release Abnssi Madam, 
a Front leader and relative moderate, 
from prison. Thar conciliatory gKnne 
— and negotiations that preceded and 
followed ir — was the work of the 
Algerian government's more concui- 
atory wing, which understands that 
force alone cannot crush Algeria s 
deeply rooted Islamic movement 

The moderate faction, which in- 
cludes President Liamine Zeroual, has 
’been repeatedly thwarted by generals 
determined to block any compromise 
with Islamic parties. These generals 
have spumed previous peace proposals 

■ ■ r j 4 mncflv 


Reassess Russian Priority in Light of Iran Ties 


W ASHINGTON — In the ’80s, Is- 
rael’s Mossad warned of nuclear 
weaponry being developed secretly by 
Saddam Hussein. The CIA disagreed; 
"not for 10 years” was its complacent 
judgment, which warped Bush admin- 
istration policy. Now everyone admits 
that Mossad had it right. 

One year ago, Israel shared with the 
U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency 
Mossad’s evidence and conclusions 
about a new proliferation Threat from a 
supporter of terrorism, We already knew' 
that Iran was developing nuclear, bio- 
logical and chemical weapons. What we 
did not know was this: "Massive Rus- 
sian assistance and close cooperation 
with Iran are enabling the Iranian regime 
to develop independent capabilities to 
produce medium-range ballistic missile 
systems within a very short time.” 

Every nation in the Near East uses a 
simple test to determine Iran’s military 
intentions: the range of the missiles it 
seeks to build. As long as that range 
stayed short of 700 miles (1,130 ki- 
lometers 7 , Saudis, Turks and Israelis 
did not become unduly alarmed. But 
technical and humint sources revealed 
Shahab-3 and -4. missiles ranging up to 
1 ,240 miles and threatening many cap- 
itals (not to mention 20,000 U.S. mii- 


By William Safi re 


Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin about onh« offered totej 

Iran's W 

buildup. Privately the Ru*»ans r* Africa ^ 

itaiy personnel in the vicinity). Thus minded foe Americans that the> wa of our concerns, 

did Iran signal aggressive intentions. fired Alexander Kotellcm Set aside differences about West 

Early this year, mindful of past com- head of the nation s aims export agency. dealing that dominate the head- 

placency , the DIA confirmed Mossad’s Rosvooruzhenie, identified by w estem ® developing afundameh* 

infonnarion. Itdidnot dispute the pre- agencies as riddkd with corruption m lines, tteseeoe p _ 
diction that midrange missiles were the transfer of missile technology. 

■ - Mr. Gore thinks the threat is being 

countered by an investigating team 
headed by die U.S. diplomat Frank 
Wisner and Russia’s space agency 


within 18 months to two years of pro- 
duction inside Iran. And it agreed that 
in many ways, Russians under loose 

Moscow control were making the new >•<««> — ~ . .— , - iwrtwi ud win us ewi uc^» iou * w “““ 

threat possible. head, Yuri Koptev. The trouble is that ^ ^ ^ 

Boris Yeltsin, atthe June G-8 meet- Mr. Koptev — woose control over Rus- roj* Aviv ^ Israel’s gravest 

ing in Denver, denied all. sia’s space tectaiology is symbolized by «nerate ^ vfews the VS. ] 

the condition of the Mir space station— Ria_with usmiclear 

is suspected of being pan of the prob- relationship wifoRussra.^^.^ unA' 


lines- n * SV*. w- r « Icm-I 

tal split in the strategic views of bradl 
and me Clinton administration over 

maners affecting national survival. 
Israel's Benjamin Netanyahu views - 

Iran, with its inflammatory rhetoric ww 

teckrfupvrithte^l tosjoototaU 




Because President Bill Clinton did 
not want ro use space aid or IMF support 
for coercion, he could only warn that 
Congress would cut back aid if Moscow 
persisted in its Tehran adventure. 

Israel then went public. Bill Gertz of 
The Washington Times wrote an ex- 
clusive series this month detailing some 
of Mossad 's findings corroborated by 
U.S. intelligence. Congress is now 
awake to Russia's breach of its arms 
proliferation agreement, despite the 
State Department's admonition to Is- 
rael not to take its case there. 

In Moscow last week. Vice President 
AI Gore had to publicly remind Prime 


Iem. Russian scientists are desperate for 
money, which Iran offers under the 
table. The trick for Mr. Koptev would 
be to keep America's financial support 
while turning a blind eye to the money 
seeping up from Tehran. 

In addition to the secret missile help, 
hundreds of Russian scientists are 
openly in Iran building its Bushehr 
“civilian*' reactor. But Iran sits on a 
sea of cheap oil energy; its only reason 
ucles 


capacitv and internal instability and 
democratic potential, as America s top 
priority; accordingly, he tolerates Rus- 
sia’s open and secret support of Iran s 
bid for nuclear missile coverage ot Is- 
rael Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. . 

America sometimes must act uni- 
laterally and trust that its allies will 
understand. Sflxne with IsnicL Before 
preempt grows 
: should sit 


for a nuclear reactor is to produce 
plutonium isotopes for bombs. 

Mr. Chernomyrdin would not budge 


Iran’s invitation to . 
more blatant, Mr. Gore should sit down 
with President Clinton to reassess his 
Russian priority. 

The New York Times. 


irTTV" 


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fr* 


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ni 


Only India Can Rescue Itself From Its Own Foolish Behavior 


Kfllil L 


auiK' 




N EW DELHI — India is at 
risk of being its own worst 
enemy. Just at the moment when 
many East Asian economies are 
faltering and India has the op- 
portunity to tom its availability 
as the new giant tiger economy. 
New Delhi is doing its best ro 
damage its new reformist repu- 
tation. Higher import taxes to 
pay for higher salaries for 5.3 
million inefficient government 
workers is only the latest amber 
light on the read to reform. 

Indian officials and intellec- 
tuals — as articulate and in- 
telligent a cohort as you will 
find anywhere in the develop- 
ing world — say the problem is 
that the outside world does not 
take India seriously and support 
its reforms. But the reality is 
that until India takes itself se- 
riously and engages in far more 
sustained reform, the outside 
world will feel free to ignore 
the world’s second most pop- 
ulous country land sixth largest 
economy). 

Indians often produce a demo- 
cratic alibi for their nation's stut- 
tering reforms. But new public 
opinion poll data, presented by 
the political scientist Yogendra 
Yadav to an International Insti- 
tute for Strategic Studies con- 
ference. demonstrate that there is 


By Gerald Segal 


no constraint on reforms from 
the public. In this, the world's 
largest democracy, the problem 
is with narrow-minded bureau- 
crats. elite factionalism and the 
Jack of bold leadership. If Indian 
reforms are io succeed, they will 
have to take place in something 
like an Italian form, where gov- 
ernments can change every year 
and where the political traditions 
will always be more raucous 
than in authoritarian China. 

The real problem with the In- 
dian reforms lies with the basic 
compromise agreed on at their 
inception in 1991. As the Indian 
economist Swaminathan Aiyar 
argues. India began io liberalize 
its economy jnd open up ;o the 
outside world because of im- 
minent bankruptcy, not because 
of an ideological commitment 
to liberal izatson. Ln what passed 
for an economic strategy, re- 
forms would be matched by in- 
creased subsidies. 

The result was a centra! gov- 
ernment unable to aff ord the in- 
vestment in mirastnjcture. 
health and education that is so 
crucial to the success of reforms 
in East Asian economies. .Al- 
though India has demonstrated 
that it can crow faster than the 4 


to 5 percent so-called Hindu rate 
of growth, it cannot climb above 
6 to 7 percent nnril the gov- 
ernment can afford more pro- 
ductive investment in the un- 
derpinnings of growth. 

India's success in attracting 
Western investment is far better 
than conventional wisdom sug- 
gests. Remember that 85 per- 
cent of investment in China 
comes from ethnic Chinese and 
that India does better than 
China in attracting Western 
portfolio investment In terms 
of enticing Western investment. 
India is ahead of where China 
w as six years into its reform, in 
! 986. Indian savings razes are 
rising and investment is becom- 
ing more efficient. Tbe ratio of 
exports to GDP is also increas- 
ing. Bn: Indians, unlike 
Chinese, still do not accept mat 
"it is glorious to be rich.’ ' Tbetr 
capacity for seif-denigration is 
matched by China's capacity 
for seif-aggrandizemera. 

One positive fsaase of tile 
stammering growth and weak 
central government is that the 
states, particularly on the coast. 
are freer to experiment and w el- 
come foreign investment. 
Orissa and Andhra Pradesh are 


pioneering privatization (called 
“disinvestment” in India) in 
the power sector. Maharashtra, 
invited P&O to set up a biliion- 
dollar port, thereby undermin- 
ing conservative workers and 
officials at the federal level 

As a result of these successful 
reforms, tbe sate governments 
from various parties become 
stakeholders in reforms and 
cany their new zeal to the federal 
level thereby entrenching foe 
reformist coalition. But so long 
as central government subsidies 
(defined as foe unrecovered cost 
of services provided by foe state) 
remain at I5percent of GDP (as 
high as in 1987-88) and tax rev- 
enue remains around 16 percent 
of GDP. virtually foe entire tax 
rev enue is wasted on subsidies . 

No foreigner is going to save 
India from its Own foolishness. 
The problem, as in foe case of 
Russia, is in part an incomplete 
sense of die failure of the old 
system. India, like Russia, 
haps never fell far or 
enough to know, like China, 
that it has no choice but to pick 
itseif up by its own bootstraps. 
No one owes it a living. 

Perhaps foe best thing for In- 
dia would be another bout of 
bankruptcy, if only to demon- 
strate to complacent politicians 


r- 


and bureaucrats that they have 
to do much more. Their democ- 
racy, rule of law, federalism and 
use of the English language are 
all necessary but far from suf- , 
ficienr conditions for intenia-' 
tional economic success. Time 
is short East Asia’s woes 
provide India with a window of 
opportunity, as international in- ■ 
vestore seek new opportunities. 
The Indian stock market is up 
18 percent this year, compared 
to falls of 20 to 40 percent in 
Southeast Asia. 

There is also a new wilting- 
ness in.foe United States to take 
India seriously. The Americans 
seem prepared to pal squabbles 
over nuclear weapons to one side 
and to enco urag e India to turn its : 
back, at least for the time being, 
on Kashmir, Pakistan and South . 
Asia in general. There is a re- 
cognition that only when Indiais 
richer and more confident be- 
cause of successful economic re- 
form will it be able to be mag- 
nanimous and creative in its: 
home region. 


p. : 9 


■I' * 


The writer is director of stud- 
ies or the International Institute 
for Strategic Studies and direct 
tor of Britain’s Pacific Asm Pro- 
gram. He contributed this com- 
ment to the Herald Tribune, . 


EURO; 


Dividing Up the World: A New Approach to Global Warming 


N EW YORK — If global 
wanning were a Commu- 
nist plot, there would be a treaty 
to combat foe peril by now. In- 
stead, only two months before 
representatives from industrial 
and developing nations are to 
meet in Kyoto, Japan, to agree 
on steps to counter foe threat of 
climate change, it is becoming 
ever more clear that five years 


By Eugene Linden 


of negotiations have produced 
little mat is 


is meaningful. 

In a last-ditch attempt to de- 
velop a U.S. consensus on ac- 
tion, President Bill Clinton plans 
to hold a White House confer- 
ence on Oct. 6. Given the pros- 
pects for foe Kyoto treaty, it is 
time to consider creative altern- 
atives for reducing the so-called 
greenhouse gases — byproducts 
of combustion — that arc linked 
to climate change. 


A solution outside the frame- 
work of the negotiations for the 
Kyoto agreement max- be the 
only way to resolve foe impasse 
between economically ad- 
vanced nations and those that are 
trying to catch up. 

The industrial nations that 
account for most emissions can- 
not agree among themselves on 
a way ro address global warm- 
ing. They are reluctant to com- 
mit to freezing or reducing 
emissions, mainly because of 
concern about the possible eco- 
nomic costs of such actions. 
Meanwhile, countries with 
emerging economies worry that 
curbs on emissions will imperil 
economic development 

Yet nobody wants to admit 
total failure, particularly since 


with every passing year, new 
information emerges about cli- 
mate changes, underlining the 
risks of human tampering with 
foe atmosphere. The latest sur- 
prise is new evidence that cli- 
mate changes may not be gradu- 
al but more rapid and extreme. 

The reason for such flips isn't 
clear, but most scientists rec- 
ognize that the more carbon di- 
oxide dumped into the atmo- 
sphere, the more likely it is that 
the climate will change. 

What to do? Earlier this year, 
a delegation from the European 
Union may have inadvertently 
offered the kernel of a solution. 
The delegates proposed that na- 
tions commit to a 15 percent 
reduction from 1990 levels of 
greenhouse gases by 2010. 


More ‘Dear Jack' Letters Found! 


W ASHINGTON — Peter 
Jennings and Seymour 
Hersh have ears full of cider. 

They did not follow the Sky 
Masterson rule: ' ‘One of these 
days ... a guy is going to offer 
to bet you that he can make foe 
jack of spades jump out of this 
brand-new deck of cards and 
squirt cider in your ear. Bui 
son, do not accept this bet, 
because as sure as you stand 
there, you’re going to wind up 
with an ear full of cider.” 

Mr. Jennings and Mr. Hersh 
fell for some hokum about 
newly discovered documents, 
including one “agreement" 
showing that Jack Kennedy 
hied to keep Marilyn Monroe 
quiet about their rumored af- 
fair by promising to give her 
mother a $600,000 trust fund. 
How on earth did these two 
geniuses believe for a second- 
that he would put something 
like that on paper? 

It would seem Mr. Jennings 
and Mr. Hersh, who were 
working on a documentary 
based on Mr. Heish’s upcom- 
ing bode, “The Dark Side of 
Camelot," could have figured 
out many millions ago that the 
typewriter used to type foe 
1960 Monroe “contract" was 
a model made after 1970. And 
that a letter dated 1961 had a 
ZIP axle, although ZIP codes 
weren’t announced until 1962. 


By Maureen Dowd 


The poor schnooks. Why 
didn't they call me? I live in a 
house John Kennedy lived in 
from 1 951 until he was elected 
to the Senate in 1952, Only foe 
other day 1 was poking under 

some floorboards and found an 
old shoebox filled with “Dear 
Jack” letters! Here is some of 
what I read: 

Dear President Kennedy: 

I wanted to thank you for 
sending me that picture of us 
shaking hands at the Boys’ 
Nation event. I’m sorry if my 
hand was a little moist. Call 
me a blue goose, but I have a 
feeling that someday I might 
need to document this mo- 
ment with the greatest pos- 
sible clarity. So I’m just won- 
dering if you could have foe 
White House photographers 
look through their negatives 
and see if there's another shot 
of our handshake where- you 
look a whole lot more inter- 
ested in what I’m saying? 

Really, really sincerely. 

Billy Clinton 


ness, my battle to be heard and 
loved and my struggle to get 
closure on my obsession with 
you. My therapist says I have a 
right to be happy. 

Best wishes, 

Dick Nixon 


Dear Mr. President, 

Call off Giancana. My beard 

isn’t falling out, but my cigars 
are exploding. You can reach 
me at www.commie.com. 
Fidel 


Dear Mr. President: 

Maybe serving in Vietnam 
is making me paranoid, but I 
think a lot of people are out to 
get you. Watch out for Nixon, 
LBJ, Goldwater, the CIA, foe 
FBI the Mafia, shady Cubans, 
New Orleans homosexuals, 
foe Cigarette Man, the mil- 
itary-industrial complex and 
foe cruel media. Those guvs 
play rough. 

The truth is out foere, 
Oliver Stone 


Dear Jack: 

Thank you for that note 
about how your father did, in 
fact, buy you foe election. My 
therapist says that will help a 
great deal with my wounded- 


Dear Jack: 

I wonder if you could put in 
a good word for me with Jack- 
ie. I m just dying to borrow 
that slinky fuchsia Oleg Cas- 
sini she was wearing foe other 
night. Also, you forgot to re- 
turn foe King File. 

J. Edgar Hoover 


The New York Times 


It was a cynical suggestion 
because foe Europeans knew 
foe United States would never 
accept those lenns. It was also 
hypocritical because Europe 
his aa easy way of achieving 
greenhouse reductions: inviting 
foe former Communist states 
into the EU. As they modernize 
their antiquated, coal-fired in- 
dustries, Eastern European na- 
tions like Poland and Hungary 
will be m akin g significant re- 
ductions in foe emissions that 
cause global warning. By bring- 
ing these nations into foe EU, 
the economically mature coun- 
tries of Europe could more than 
offset their own increases in 
greenhouse gas emissions. 

But foe idea of Unking in- 
dustrial and emerging econo- 
mies offers a way out of foe 
impasse that has paralyzed foe 
talks on global warming. 

Why not divide foe world in- 
to three giant regions and bold 
each to an agreed-upon target 
for reducing greenhouse gases 
that foe regions could achieve 
any way they wanted? 

North and South America 
could be one region, foe slice of 
foe globe from Northern Europe 
(including Russia) through 
Africa could be another, and 
Asia and Oceania could make 
up foe third. With industrial 
powers and emerging econo- 


mies in each region, countries 
could trade emission rigits and 
share new technologies. . . 

This plan could also help 
solve a Knotty political prob- 
lem. By shifting responsibility 
for reducing greenhouse gases 
from individual nations to a lar- 
ger unit, no country would need 
to fear being placed at an eco- 
nomic disadvantage by a cli- 
mate treaty. The goals for each 
region should be different since 
foe biggest reductions in green- - 
house gases will come in foe 
modernizing economies of foe 
former Communist states, 
while developing -nations, es-' ; 
pecialiy in Asia and Latin 
America, will have more dif- * 
ficulty limiting emissions. 

Rewards for success and pen- 
alties for failure could be based - 
on regional tariffs. That's a 
tricky concept in an era of free - 
trade, but no one has proposed a : • 
better enforcement alternative 
for foe treaty being negotiated 
now. After years of talk about a 
solution, foe problem of global - 
warming looms ever more om- 
inously. It’s time for a new” 
approach. 






The writer is the author cf 
"Silent Partners" and the forth- 
coming "The Future in Plain 
Sight.’ He contributed this com- 
ment to The New York Times, 



IN OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1897: Spanish Allies 

BERLIN — It is said that foe 
. Emperor William and the Em- 
peror Francis Joseph, in their 
recent interview in Hungary, 
came to an agreement to en- 
ergetically oppose the interven- 
tion of the United States in Cu- 
ban affairs. It will be 
remembered that Austria had de- 
cided, on account of foe Queen 
Regent of Spain, who is an Aus- 
trian archduchess, to espouse the 
cause of Spain if a conflict 
should break out between that 
country and the United States. 


izqIos resigned his post, follow- 
ing the plebiscite that resulted 
in foe recall of King Con- 
stantine. “If foe people unan- 
imously ask for the return of M. 
Venizelos, I am certain he will 
return, as I shall also do,” he 
said. “What we need in Greece 
is a Republic like foe one you 
have in America.” 


Ci)V 






1922: Greek General 


P ARIS — Greece is ready for a 
Republican form of Govern- 
ment. according to General 
Paraskeropoulos, former gene- 
ralissimo of foe Greek amiies 
under M. Venizelos, when foe 
l^ter was last Premier. General 
PMtwkeropouIos resigned from 
the army at the time M. Ven- 


1947: ‘Quit Palestine 

LONDON — ■ Winston Chur- 
chill, in a political attack in his 
familiar manner on “incompe- 
tence, arrogance, malice, squal- 
or, interference indaily life and 
class jealousy,” called on the 
Labor government-" ‘to quit Pal- 
estine as quickly as possible.” 
In the last two years, the gov- 
ernment has wasted 100 or 150 
million pounds' and foe services 
of 100,000 of “bur finest troops 
fo Palestine,” ' be continued. 

They have gained us nothin* 
but ill will foere and In every 
quarter of foe world.” 




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INTERNATIO NAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1997 

INTERNATIONAL 


PAGE 9 


Top Testing Firm Is Tainted by Cheating Scandals, Critics Say 


: •' •' 

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*9 By Douglas Frantz 

ana Ion Nordheimcr 

rVm Yii'L Tunes Sen iee 

NEW YORK — Richard Weston was 
skeptical- The nun on the telephone said 
he was a Louisiana teacher and bad a 
Stolen copy of the standardized test that 
Mr. Weston’s company. Educational 
Testing Service, administers lo teachers 
who want to be school principals. 

But as dw caller read off question after 
question, Mr. Weston's skepticism 
turned to alarm. 

Mr. Weston, a security manager for 
the world's largest and most influential 
testing organization , said a security team 
from the service would come to see the 
teacher as soon as possible. 

Three days later, Mr. Weston and two 
other senior managers of the testing ser- 
% vice were in Louisiana confronting a 
situation that was even worse than they 
had thought. 

Copies of the test's 14? multiple- 
choice questions, along with correct an- 


swers, had circulated among teachers 
throughout southern Louisiana, prob- 
ably for years. In a state near the bottom 
of almost every educational ranking, 
teachers had cheated iheir way into run- 
ning public schools. 

But when Educational Testing Ser- 
vice faced this situatiun last fall, in what 
could have been one of the worst public 
scandals ot its history, the service de- 
cided zo keep it quiet. 

Stale and local education officials 
said they were refused information on 
the extent of the cheating. Instead of 
publicly disclosing the possibility that 
unqualified cheaters were running 
schools in southern Louisiana, the test- 
ing service quietly iold at least 200 
teachers who had passed the exam that 
they had to take the test again to ■•con- 
firm” their earlier scores." 

. Rather than an isolated incident, the 
situation that the sere ice found in Louisi- 
ana and how it reacted to it fits a pattern 
uncovered in a four-month examination 
by The New York Times of the huge 


nonprofiJ company that runs most edu- 
cational testing in the United States, 
from the college-entrance exams to tests 
lor licenses for 34 professions. 

In numerous instances across the 
country. Educational Testing Service 
has confronted case after case of cheat- 
ing but withheld information from the 
public and failed to take aggressive steps 
to ensure the integrity of its tests, ac- 
cording to internal documents and in- 
terviews with current and former of- 
ficials there. 

The questions about Educational 
Testing Service come at a time when 
Americans scent obsessed with testing. 

President Bill Clinton is pushing na- 
tional testing for millions of students, 
competition is increasing for admission 
to the best universities and a growing 
number of people must pass a test to gel 
a job or win a promotion. 

The ease with which teachers ac- 
quired tests in Louisiana illustrate how 
difficult it is. even for such a dominant 
company, to police cheating in this 


golden age of testing- 

While the organization professes zero 
tolerance when it comes to suspected 
cheating, its critics, including officials 
who once worked for the service, say die 
company is all too eager to sweep its din 
under the nig to protect its lion’s share of 
the testing business instead of spending 
money to tighten security. 

“The tendency has been to lean over 
backwards to keep matters pertaining to 
test security sort of under wraps.” said 
Win ton Manning, a former senior vice 
president who retired in 1 995 after more 
than 25 years at Educational Testing 
Service. 

Senior officials at the service defen- 
ded their handling of cheating incidents 
and said they had been as forthcoming as 
possible.given the constraints of privacy 
and test integrity involved. In the Louisi- 
ana case, they said that they provided 
state officials with as much information 
as they could, but acknowledged that 
they were unable to answer their most 
pressing questions. 


While the company's administration 
of the widely used college-entrance ex- 
ams has not been marred by major cheat- 
ing episodes, its handling of the federal 
government’s test for immigrants who 
want to become citizens has been riddled 
with fraud and abuse, according to doc- 
uments and interviews. 

People who cannot speak English 
have appeared at offices of the Immi- 
gration and Naturalization Service 
across the country with certificates say- 
ing they bad passed English tests give by 
affiliates of the service, raising the pos- 
sibility that independent contractors 
hired as test superv isors may have taken 
bribes. 

The company’s push into the new 
world of computerized testing also has 
suffered a serious security lapse. In 
1993, its new computerized lest for 
graduate-school admission was found to 
be vulnerable to one of the oldest cheat- 
ing techniques: People who had taken 
the test were able to remember enough 
questions to reconstruct almost the en- 


tire examination. 

Internal records of die testing service 
show that in the rush to gain an early 
foothold in the field of compmaized 
testing, company executives ignored 
warnings from their own experts about 
the risk of using a single set or questions, 
and later misled New York legislators by 
saying the service was using multiple 
sets of questions. 

Cheating problems have also plagued 
the tests for graduate school and for 
Englis h proficiency that were admin- 
istered by Educational Testing Service. 

Three years ago. in its biggest security 
breach, the company canceled the scares 
of 30.000 students in China on entry 
tests for graduate schools, after the dis- 
covery of a ring that was selling the 
examinations. And last month, federal 
prosecutors in New York unsealed doc- 
uments describing a nationwide cheat- 
ing operation in which hundreds of stu- 
dents paid as much as $9,000 for 
answers to graduate-school and Englisb- 
proficiency tests. 


Talking Tough on Crime, 

! - {l ^ehavio, Kohl Launches Campaign 


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Chancellor to Seek Unprecedented 5th Term 


By Alan Cowell 

New York Times Sen u c 

BONN — Chancellor Helmut Kohl 


the opposition Social Democrats for the 
collapse last Friday of tax-reform ne- 
gotiations that Mr. Kohl considered the 
key to reducing his country’s record 


sought Sunday to define the agenda for joblessness, which stands at more than 
national elections in one year in terms of 4.4. million people. 


promises to fight crime and to lower Mr. Kohl seemed to be signaling 
taxes, using both issues to campaign for start of an election campaign foughi 
an unparalleled fifth term of office. the narrower issues of jobs and cr 
Mr. Kohl, who has been in office for an rather than on the big themes — sue 
uninterrupted 15 years, already ranks as European integration and German 
Europe's longest-serving political leader unification, 
and as the most durable German chan- Crime is a delicate issue becz 
cellor this centuiy. many Germans blame an influx of 

But he has served notice that he feels eigners from Eastern Europe and 
obliged to seek another term to guide the veloping countries for a recent inert 
reunified Germany into a new millen- in offenses, particularly drug-rel; 
niutn in a united Europe. ones. Thus, to satisfy voters in an e 

In published interviews and public tion period, the Boon govemmen 
speeches Sunday, Mr. Kohl said Ger- almost certain to want to clamp dowi 
many's mounting preoccupation with illegal immigration from outside 
crime ‘’belongs to the top one or two European Union, without encourag 
issues” during the elections, which are right-wing xenophobia, 
already mesmerizing the country's polit- On Sunday, government officials c 

ical elite. firmed newspaper reports that the 

He also urged his party, the Christian thorities were discussing ways to Li 
Democrats, to “go from door to door the number of foreign workers with k 
and from village to village” and blame status in Germany. 

EURO: New Currents to Propel Currency 



Mr. Kohl seemed io be signaling the 
start of an election campaign fought on 
the narrower issues of jobs and crime 
rather than on the big themes — such as 
European integration and German re- 
unification. 

Crime is a delicate issue because 
many Germans blame an influx of for- 
eigners from Eastern Europe and de- 
veloping countries for a recent increase 
in offenses, particularly drug-related 
ones. Thus, to satisfy voters in an elec- 
tion period, the Boon government is 
almost certain to want to clamp down on 
illegal immigration from outside the 
European Union, without encouraging Prime Minister Blair and his wife attending church in Brighton, site of the party conference, 
right-wing xenophobia. 

On Sunday, government officials con- ~~ ~ ~ ~ ' ' ~ ~~ ~ 

thorities wer^d&russing ways to limit MIDEAST: Israel and PLO See Fresh Start to Peace 

the number of foreign workers with legal 

status in Germany. Continued from Page 1 be discussed later,” Mr. Netan- calling for further Israeli wi 




including a kindergarten and a 
television station. 


prefers accelerated talks on a fi- 
nal peace deal rather than im- 


Continued from Page 1 somewhat more like that of Fiance. 

In ftnnce, opposition to the euro, has 
will not be the dominant theme" in the been largely marginalized with Philippe 


fa! \\ aruim 


national election, and that “nobody has 
caught me putting out the line that I'm 
basically against toe new currency." 

Tins constituted a palpable climb- 
down. It compared with Mr. Schroeder's 
previous ease in discussing what be 
called a “reasonable" delay in starting 
the euro, and his remark in June that “this 
problem is not only going to dominate the 
political debate” in Germany “but in 
France, too." Instead, what had become 
apparent was that there was very little 
correlation between voting behavior and 
chose poll results in Germany that showed 
general reluctance to trade the Deutsche 
mark for an untried currency . An exit poll 
reported in Hamburg by the 2DF tele- 
vision network showed that the euro 


In ftunce, opposition to toe euro, has that talks could resume after meet- 
been largely marginalized with Philippe ings that his cabinet secretary, 
Seguin. now head of the Gaullist Rally for Danny Naveh, had in Washington 
toe Republic parry, moving almost com- last week and initial Palestinian 
pletely away from his previous anti-Euro- steps to battle Muslim militants, 
pean activism, and the field left to the Mr. Kanafani, Mr. Arafai’s 
Communist Party and the extreme right, spokesman, said toe Palestinians 
Mr. Jospin's willingness to abandon expected the resumed talks to be 
what his finance minister, Dominique complemented by discussions of 
Strauss-Kaftn, had described at toe EU Israeli settlement policies on land 
summit meeting in Amsterdam in June occupied in the 1967 war and 
as a necessary political ‘ 'counterweight further Israeli handovers of West 
to the European Centra] Bank” reflected Bank land to Palestinian self- 
bo th the prime minister’s strong hand role. 

and popularity in French domestic pol- The Israeli statement stressed. 


An Israeli cabinet statement piemen cation of interim deals 
said Mr. Netanyahu had decided 


that talks could resume after meet- © I| nnr Skti'ilrp 
ings that his cabinet secretary, ©“JJAPI** DUlhc 
Danny Naveh, had in Washington t\» T 1 

last week and initial Palestinian LHSFUDtS ISTflCl 
steps to battle Muslim militants. * 

Mr. Kanafani, Mr. Arafai’s The Associated Press 

spokesman, said toe Palestinians JERUSALEM — More than 
expected the resumed talks to be half a million Israeli workers re- 
complemented by discussions of turned to work Sunday after an 
Israeli .settlement policies on land eight-hour strike that closed toe 
occupied in the 1967 war and international airport, shut down 


further Israeli handovers of West 
Bank land to Palestinian self- 
rule. 

The Israeli statement stressed. 


toe stock market and halted ser- drew a rebuke from her for saying 


vices and railroads. 


and popularity in French domestic pol- The Israeli statement stressed, Histadrui Trade Union a permit 
ides, and toe euro's acceptance in France however, that toe agreement was to strike from 6 AJVL to 2 P.M. 


as a fait accompli. 

Mr. Jospin could not have been un- 
aware that h is new phrasing was sim- 
plifying the task of ah of toe euro’s sup- 


to resume talks on the joint com- 
mittees. 

’ ’Other manera, headed by the 
need to accelerate negotiations 
on the permanent agreement, will 


Jewish settlements in those areas 
dial Israel occupied in the 1967 
The Histadrut called the strike war. 
after overnight negotiations Mrs. Albright had called for a 
failed to reach a compromise on “time out" in settlements per- 
attempts by the Finance Ministry ceived by Palestinians as a pro- 


to retreat on a pension accord. 


( Reuters , AFP. AP ) 


sonal security heading the list instead. 

Apparent, too, was that nowhere in 
Europe since toe drafting of the 
Maastricht treaty in 1989 had a can- 
didate won an election because of his 
rejection of toe common currency or lost 
a vote because of his support of iL 

In signaling that be accepted this fact, 
Mr. Schroeder was, in effect, removing 
his populist skills from a potential move- 


toe beads of toe European CemrapBank LIBYAN: CIA Finds Egypt Role in Dissident's Death 

an incitement to Germany's euro-skeptics 

— exemplified by Mr. Schroeder’s re- Continued from Page 1 Mubarak within the patt month. of safe passage and gut himself in 
mark in June that such a panel was “a 1 


a vote because of his support of iL French attempt to turn the European Bank violated sanctions against Libya. 

In signaling that be accepted this fact, into a vassal" of politics. The amendment is in a House- 

Mr. Schroeder was, in effect, removing In May, before his election, Mr. Senate conference committee, 
his populist skills from a potential move- Jospin, described toe addenda to U.S. officials have attributed 
meat to galvanize German discomfort Maastricht called the Stability Pact — their reluctance to discuss Mr. 
with the earo io an open battle that would which maintains tight debt, deficit and Kikhia’s tote to toe extremely 
destabilize the country. German leaders inflation targets indefinitely beyond toe sensitive intelligence the case in- 
such as Kurt Biedenkopf, the premier euro's installation — “a concession that volves. But some acknowledged 
of Saxony, and Edmund Stotber, toe toe French government absurdly made that sensitivity over criticizing 
Christian Social Union chief in Bavaria, to toe Germans or certain German Egypt now is also a factor in the 


The embassy urged that “any their bands, ace 


Egyptian officials involved in the 
crime be held accountable.” Mr. 
Gore reinforced toe request in a 


ad put turns 
oraing to 


sources. 

He was seen having coffee 
with two identified Egyptian se- 


ll. S. officials have attributed conversation with Mr. Mubarak curity agents in toe Safir Hotel on 
sir reluctance to discuss Mr. last week, a U.S; official said. toe night of Dec. 10, and leaving 


destabilize toe country. German leaders 
such as Kurt Biedenkopf, toe premier 
of Saxony, and Edmund Scorber, toe 
Christian Social Union chief in Bavaria, 
were expected to continue their oppo- 
sition to toe euro, but Mr. Schroeder’s 


President Bill Clinton person- shortly afterward in a car bearing 
ally raised the Kikhia kidnapping license plates belonging to 


to toe Germans or certain German Egypt now is also a factor in toe 
circles.” In June, he put his initials on government- wide reticence. 


toe pact, and, in the last .two weeks. 


apparent de-emphasizing of the theme moved to make its enforcement more 


brought Germany 


situation reassuring to toe German voting public. 


SMOG: Changed Winds Help Malaysia 


Continued from Page 1 

douesian official defended his country’s 
handling of toe fires, attributing toe un- 
usually widespread blazes to freak weath- 
er patterns in the region that have caused 
water shortages and have provided ideal 
conditions for forest fires. 

“We are not late in anticipating toe 
problem," Azwar Anas, toe head of In- 
donesia’s National Disaster Manage- 
ment Coordinating Agency, told toe Am- 


Secretary of State Madeleine 
Albright favored taking a new, 
no-holds-barred look at toe 
Kikhia case, and blaming Egypt 
publicly for failing to cooperate 
fully if that was justified, when 
she was first told of toe new CIA 
data in early August. 

But as she moved closer to 


often and slept little. “We closed all toe But as she moved closer 
windows and doors.” said Hatta Mor- makingherfirst trip to tfaeMidd 
sidi, one of nine children in toe family. East on Sept 9, which includec 
Venturing out of toe house meant stopover in Egypt, discussions 
navigating a thick, yellowish haze, making a public statement we 
‘ ‘Even from across the road we couldn ’t dropped, several officials said, 
see toe house.” James Rubin, a State Depa 

But with the improvement in air qual- meat spokesman, confirmed to 
iry during toe weekend, normalcy re- the department received “ere 
tamed to the family's home. Mr. Hatta ible information this summer th 
n laved soccer in toe village with friends Mr. Kikhia was murdered by t3 

■ ■ a - ...... ia tha nanvkii Y iKi mlini We infAmb 


with Mr. Mubarak in a secret Egypt's secret police, 
telegram several days after die Mr. Kikhia, then 62 and a dia- 
1993 abduction occurred. That betic, left his insulin syringe and 
message, which has now been pajamas by his bedside, indica- 
partialiy declassified, told Mr. ting he expected to return to toe 
Mubarak: “I am sure we would hotel shortly, 
both want to prevent any harm Information given to the U.S. 
from coming to Mr. Kikhia.” authorities three years ago poin- 
The Egyptian response then ted to Mr. Kikhia' s having been 
and over toe past four years is taken against his will to the Cairo 
characterized by some U.S. of- home of Ibrahim Bishari, Libya's 
ficials as reluctant and evasive. ambassador to toe Arab League, 
“It is hard to fix exactly where where he was interrogated by Ab- 
yptian responsibility lies, dullah Senoussi, Colonel 
lether it is with Mubarak, his Gadhafi’s brother-in-law and 
uet police or only toe two guys head of Libya's most notorious 
to took Kikhia from his hotel,” intelligence unit, 
id one U.S. official, who in- Mr. Kikhia was reportedly 
ted he not be identified. “But seen alive in Libya shortly af- 
i intelligence removes any toward, and then disappeared 


maki ng her first trip to the Middle Egyptian responsibility lies, dullah Senoussi, Coll 
East on Sept 9, which included a whether it is with Mubarak, his Gadhafi’s brother-in-law 
stopover in Egypt, discussions of secret police or only toe two guys head of Libya's most notori 
making a public statement were who took Kikhia from his hotel,” intelligence unit, 
dropped, several officials said. said one U.S. official, who in- Mr. Kikhia was report* 
James Rubin, a State Depart- sisted he not be identified. "But seen alive in Libya shortly 
meat spokesman, confirmed that the intelligence removes any terward, and then disappet 


doubt that there was Egyptian from view. 


n this summer that involvement in his abduction. 


Mr. Kikhia was murdered by toe 


and his parents went to the nearby Libyan government. We informed 


^newTage^-'Tt’saiatural disaster mosque witoout having to wear pro- 


which no cme could have prevented. ’ ’ tec ^® 


For more than a week, families stayed 
indoors here, hiding from toe oppressive 
pollution that sent thousands to climes 
and hospitals, complaining of breathing 
troubles and eye irritations. 


toe family of what we knew.” But 
he denied that there had been any 

" "We prayed for the rain to come and ‘ ‘policy reasons for not discussing portent ally in their fight agair 
for toe haze to go away," said Mr. UnaL toe case publicly. The problem Islamic fundamentalists. 

On Sunday, some normalcy also re- was the nature of toe information In addition, there are imports 
turned in Kuching, where Vincent Wee, that was developed.” financial ties between the tv 

who owns a food stall on the banks of the Mr. Rubin declined to comment countries. Libya s oil rndust 


Egyptian officials have ex- 
plained their links to Tripoli by 
arguing that Colonel Gadhafi has 


Mr. -Kikhia's wife, Baha 
Omary Kikhia, who lives in Vi- 
enna, Virginia, has conducted her 
own inquiry, and is unwilling to 


abandoned terrorism and is an im- believe the State Department no- 
portant ally in their fight against tification of her husband's ex- 


Islamic fundamentalists. 

In addition, there are im 
financial ties between tf 


Sarawak River, said he saw his shadow 


“We had to go to die clinic because Sarawak Kiyer, sunm** 
ars were running down our cheeks,” for toe fust tune m | weeks. 


tears were running uown our cnee its, 
said Hadiah binti Nasir, whose one-story 
home is 20 kilometers (12 miles) from 
Kuching. "We kept all the children in- 
side the house.” . . _ . 

Her husband, Unai bin Gani, a man- 
ager at a nearby plantation, said work had 
stopped during toe state of emergency . as 
hnA ' him toe olantation s bananas. 


As the sun peeked through a milky 

sky Mr. Wee returned to his job. “Last 

night I looked up and saw the stars, ’ ’ Mr. 
Wee said. "We hadn’t seen that for 
nearly two weeks.” 

■ Survivors of Collision Sought 


ecution, which was given to her 
on Aug. 26. 

She went last Monday to 
Libya, where she is demanding to 
see Colonel Gadhafi, apparently 
to confront him with toe U.S. 


on other aspects of this article, as provides Egyptian workers with- see Colonel Gadhafi, apparently 
did the White House national se- money that is repatriated, and re- to confront him with toe U.S. 
curity adviser, Samuel Berger, and ports in toe Egyptian and inter- report. 

the CIA director, George Tenet. national press have linked toe "She considers this as one 

The Egyptian Embassy also families of Mr. Mubarak and se- more rumor," her daughter, 
would notcomment. nior figures in his establishment Maya Omary, said Friday. "All 


to confront him with toe U.S. 
report. 

“She considers this as one 


But an authorized statement by 
a U.S. official confirmed that the Libyans. was one miserable piece of paper 

"information that raised the pos- Mr. Kikhia had traveled to with nothing real on iL That was 
sibility of toe involvement of Cairo to attend an annual meeting just not right, even if they meant 
some individuals within toe ofthe Arab Organization for Hu- weU." 

Egyptian government in the man Rights. Aware that Libyan Colonel Gadhafi has denied to 
Kikhia disappearance” led- the dissidents had disappeared in Baha Kikhia and in public state- 
State Deaaronem to instruct the Cairo in 1990 and been turned menus that Libya was involved m 


nior figures in his establishment Maya Omary, said Friday. “All 
to lucrative business deals with we got from the State Department 


was one miserable piece of paper 
with nothing real on iL That was 


stopped during the state or emergency. « Ma | aV sian rescuers searched Sunday sibility of toe involvement of Cairo to attend an annual meeting 

haasales of toe plantations bantuMs, ^ a two-year- some individuals within toe of toeArab Orgamzaaon forHu- 

pineapnles and durian font. “We Malacca after a Egyptian government in the no RitfdL Awye toat Libyan 

couffiT go out to work, so we didn t old toy nm^ ^ collision with an- Kikhia disappearance led- the dissuleats ted 

t have any income,” Mr. Unai said. Swf? JeJd Reuters reported. The ac- State Department to instruct the Cairo in 1990 and been i [tuned 

For Mr. Unai and Mrs. Hadiah. toe occurred late Friday night in low U.S. Embassy in Cairo to raise over to Libya, he asked Egypt s 

nuuTafltets of toe haze were dost* ;to - -^-matter directly with Mr. security services for guarantees 

home. A 3 -month-o!d grandson cried visimmy u 


Colonel Gadhafi has denied to 
Baha Kikhia and in public state- 
ments that Libya was involved in 
Mr. Kikhia's kidnapping or de- 
tention. 


LABOUR: Unions Are the Past 


(on VjJdir/tlraM, 


be discussed later,” Mr. Naan- calling for further Israeli witb- 
yahu said. He has said that he drawals on the West Bank. 


The Netanyahu statement said 
toat Israel had decided to release 
more frozen tax money to the 
Palestinians because Mr. Ara- 
fat’s forces had begun "proper 
steps in the struggle against ter- 
rorism.” 

Israeli spokesmen originally 
had been warning people not to 
expect any breakthroughs at toe 
meeting Monday, which was 
scheduled by Mrs. Albright dur- 
ing her trip to toe Midd le East this 
month. 

Last week Mr. Netanyahu 


that he would build hundreds 


Continued from Page 1 

On SepL 9 Mr. Blair be- 
came toe first Labour prime 
minister in two decades to ad- 
dress the Trades Union Con- 
gress at its annual convention 
in Brighton, and he upbraided 
his listeners with a warning 
that they “modernize' ’ — Mr. 
Blair's favorite verb these 
days — or expire. He told his 
aging audience that today's 
British economy is one toat 
sells more rock music than 
steel abroad, employs more 
people in design than in auto- 
mobile construction at home. 

The unions’ role, he said, 
was to work in partnership 
with employers and business 
to win “the crusade for com- 
petitiveness.” Recalling La- 
bour's past, he said, * L We will 
not go back to toe days of 
industrial warfare, strikes 
without ballots, mass and fly- 
ing pickets, secondary action 
and all the rest of iL” 

And in a conclusion toat 
sounded like an opening day 
admonition to a freshman 
class, be told them, “I will 
watch very carefully to see 
how the culture of modem 
trade unionism develops.” 

His listeners, a more 
grizzled group than the men 
and women who will occupy 
the delegates’ seats at die 
four-day annual conference 
opening Monday in toe same 
English Channel resort, had a 
compliant reaction. John 
Monks, toe general secretary 
of the Trades Union Congress, 
acknowledged unprotesdngly 
that Mr. Blair had delivered 
"some hard messages.” 

The union movement, 
which contributed 77 percent 
of toe Labour party's budget 
just a decade ago, will see that 


figure reduced to about 40 
percent this year as the party - 
continues its rapid growth in . 
membership from other sec- 
tors of society. 

The unions’ influence in 
the party has waned as it has 
in the country with a decline 
in union membership from 13 
mi llion at the beginning of the 
Conservative years in 1979 to 
less than 7 million now. In the 
coal industry alone, where 
there were 1.2 million work- . 
ers in 1978, there are now • 
fewer than 13,000. 

The unions would like to - 
see Labour roll back legis- 
lation curbing their rights to ■ 
strike, passed during the years 
Margaret Thatcher was prime . 
minister. 

But all that Mr. Blair has 
committed himself to are 
three modest legislative pro- 
posals that would secure a na- • 
tional minim um wage, ben- 
efits for part-time workers 
and the right of representation 
for union* in individual in- . 
dustries where a majority of 
the employees wants it 

The British coal industry • 
entered terminal decline in _■ 
the 1980s, victim of an eco- .* 
nomic move to natural gas - 
and a political shift away . 
from toe ideological activism 
associated with the mining 
unions. 

Its hope for government . 
backing collides with two • 
New Labour priorities — a 
commitment to reduce carbon . 
emissions by 20 percent from 
their 1990 level and an in- , 
dustrial policy pledged to fol- - 
low toe lead of toe markets, 
which these days favor coal . 
imports toat are cheaper and ; 
lower in sulphur and gas. ’ 
rather than coal, as toe fuel for 
electricity generation plants. . 


A labor court had given the more homes in Efrat and other 


AFRICANS: Traditions Erode 


Continued from Page 1 

Casper Awuondo, a soci- 
ology professor at the Uni- 
versity of Nairobi. “That is 
concrete. Their rural home is 
abstract" 

Kenyans began to pour into 
urban areas during toe 1950s, 
drawn mainly by jobs and the 
surge toward independence. 
Over the next four decades, 
urban hobs such as toe cap- 
ital, Nairobi, in central 
Kenya, and Mombasa, on toe 
coast, experienced explosive 
population growth. 

Nairobi became toe flag- 
ship city of one of sub-Saha- 
ran Africa ’5 more stable 
countries. Roughly 830,000 
people lived in Nairobi in 
1979; today the population 
has soared to more than 2 
million. 

At toe same time, popu- 
lation pressures grew in rural 
areas. Kenyans found they 
had smaller slices of land to 
cultivate as toe country's 
population rose by a stagger- 
ing annual rate of 3.6 per- 
cent 

The rapid population growth 
wore down infrastructure in 
rural areas, overwhelmed pub- 
lic health facilities, left schools 
underequipped and teachers 
underpaid. Those factors, com- 
bined with toe distance many 
urban Kenyans must cover to 
reach their rural homes, have 
only deepened toe disconnec- 
tion between city dwellers and 
die countryside. 

Some urban dwellers stay 
away from toe countryside 
because of their children. 
They fear disease and worry 
that rural relatives will foist 
superstitious teachings on 
their youngsters. 

Sometimes the children 
themselves, spoiled by the 
relative ease of urban Irving, 
cannot abide sleeping in huts, 
eating unfamiliar food, listen- 
ing to an unfamiliar language, 
fetching water, using pit lat- 
rines or trudging long dis- 
tances on foot 

Some urban youths, Mr. 
Awuondo said, "don't know 
the difference between a 
sheep and a goat.” 


Kenyans who have grown 
up in Nairobi are often 
stunned by toe tribalism in 
rural areas, where sometimes 
one’s whole life revolves 
around tribal identity. In 
some places one’s neighbors, 
colleagues at work, toe busi- 
ness owners and the govern- 
ment administrators are all 
members of toe same tribe. 

In Kenya, and throughout 
Africa, tribes tend to dom- 
inate specific regions of the 
country. That means out- 
siders are spotted quickly and 
often viewed suspiciously. 

Robert Odongo, 20, said 
that recently he visited a town 
outside Nairobi, “and J start- 
ed talking to people, and I 
would tell them my name, and 
they would immediately say, 
‘You’re a Luo.’ ” 

Mr. Odongo actually be- 
longs to two tribes, toe Luo 
and the Kikuyu. His father, a 
Luo, and his mother, a 
Kikuyu, married during an 
era when intertribal unions 
were rare. 

Mr. Odongo's uncles os- 
tracized his father, a senior 
government engineer, be- 
cause he had married outside 
the tribe. In part because of 
that, Mr. Odongo spent little 
time in western Kenya, where 
his father's family is from. 

"I didn’t get to know any 
of my cousins,” Mr. Odongo 
said. “If they passed me on 
that street, I wouldn’t know 
who they were.” 

Mr. Odongo does not speak 
his tribal tongue, does not eat 
Luo food, does not listen to 
Luo music. Neither does he 
speak Kikuyu or listen to 
Kikuyu music. He said be has 
spent a little more time with 
his Kikuyu relatives in recent 
years, but does not consider 
himself close to any of them. 

In school, Mr. Odongo was 
teased by fellow students who 
did not believe he was Luo. 
“They didn’t see how I 
wouldn’t know ray mother 
tongue, ” said the shy, gentle- 
mannered young man. 
“People would start talking 
in Luo, and 1 would have to 
stop them and say, ’Sony, I 
don't speak Luo.’” 








fgjt. — BgmmKMM. — — -. 




PAGE 10 


H Q 


RECRUITMENT 


The United Nations headq^cM ^J^ 

employment as Security Officers In New York Ofiy- natrols and 

indude Reality screening, pretedtaj 

responding to emergencies. 

{Qualifications: 

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4. Experience. ^J|t[|J|| , ^fcror^^rel^md^lHUiry wedeiKcc Indfe 

5. Languages: Excellent working j m ®] ,le ^g| f , E Jg l 1 ^ 5 S^ntehMsan^L 

siSsSS^-- 

outlays to relocate will be reimbursed t fe security officers. Inter- 

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views, medical examination and ps/c^g® 1 ^jl^SSdemploymentls subject to obtaining 

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given to equally qualified women candidates. Should your appointment be 

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supplemented ' [,eWb]e ‘ by pe ncy 

S£g S£S - — mqelmne n.shomd app ly ,n pe.cn to: 
nvm Qfftce of Human Resources Management 

One United Nations! PUa 
Room DC 1-200 - New York, N.Y. 10017 

Koom uvi *vu , ii on nmn or hv lax— 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY. SEPTEMBER 29, 1997 


THE INTERMARKE 




,-c^' 




Wt&i 


■ur !<.✓. 


cst 


Celebrates 
its 18 th 
Anniversary 


SSMKSwS^ 

tfon of: Ms. Gunda Narang. 

Deadline for applications: 7 November 1997 

Note: THe United Notions Secretariat is a NoH-Swofang EnctronnenL 


tntarjuuiimal speaker bureau 

'M Expanding its coverage in Europe 
]jr and the rest of the world 

W* wish to develop In depth coverage in: 

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•working in a structured manner with international personalties 

Write to: The Managing Director 
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ensnU cslQsptakers.co.uk see: www.speakars.co.uk 


EDUCATIONAL POSITIONS 


— OVERSEAS JOB OPPORTUNITY— 

FITNESS EDUCATION INSTRUCTOR 
(GYMNASIUM DEPARTMENT) 

The Jerudong Pork Medical Centre is c private health 
care facility located in Brunei (Southeast Asia). 

A mqjor expansion is underway and when completed 
in 1998. the Centre win be a 100 bed hospital. 
The Centre is ccmmited to provide quality hectfh care to 
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• Graduate in Sport and Exerciee Science 
or related cffsdpfin* 

• Experience playing and teaching or coaching 
a variety of sports 

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• UnderstancSng of basic canfiology (Including FCG 

Interpretation) ts highly desirable 
• Knowledge of exercise equipment operation 
and maintenance h also desfcable 

• Minimum of five (5) years gymnasium experience 

An attractive remuneration Dockage includes tax-free 
salary, accomodation medico! care, bonus vacation 
and cn annual leave air ticket 

Interested candidates are invited to tax a full 
curriculum vitae outlining .the names, addresses, 
fax and phone numbers of three (3) professional 
references to the Head of the Gymnasium 
at Fax No (673-2) 692 217 or mail to | 

THE HEAD OF THE GYMNASIUM 
Jerudong Park Medical Centre, Royal Brunei Polo Club 
Jerudong Park 2021, Brunei Darassaham 

“ONLY SHORTUSTED CANDIDATES Will BE NOTIFIED" 


International Textile Manufacturers Federation 

1 Economist 

This is a challenging carreer opportunity for an Economist to join 
the small staff of this leadmg international trade association at its 
modem headquarters in Zurich. 

RBSpons&ffity wffl be for running the Federation’s statistical ser- 
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duties. There will be limited foreign travel. 

Candidates, in their late twentios/eariy thirties, must have an 
excellent command of English and a good working knowledge of 
German and French. Familiarity with computer techniques is 
desirable. 

Excellent working conditions. Terms of employment by mutual 
agreement. Please send fun curriculum vitae, including salary and 
contact telephone number, marked ‘private and conridentiar to: 
The Director General, ITMF, P.O. Box - CH4039 Zorich. Switzerland. 


FmdAJoWast! 

http://www.washingtonpost.com 


Q^etoosljmgfcmpost 

CareerjBost 




^ H i [ iT7 


i'll A* 


T t ! 

’ ; ') i \ j 



relations 

successful apptaahtwil be a mature and 

inspfefional administrator wtio can teed 1C into toe next centuy, 
fluent In English and with a strong command of French and Arabic. 
A competitive salary and benefits package is offered. 

Please send a covering letter, curriculum vitas and ti\e names of 
5 professional references to: 

Mr John G McCarthy, Jr 
Trustee and Chairman of the Search Committee 
International College 

do 6 avenue de Front enex, 1207 Geneva - Switzerland 
Deadline for receipt of applications: 26 November 1997 


International 
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PAGE 11 : 


European “Sell Phones’ 
Ring a Bell With Users 

Ads Don’t Seem to Put Ojf Subscribers 


\ « i 


F&E5H 

PIZZA 

call 


Beijing Wins Support 
For Bid to Join WTO 

Japan Backs Entry as EU and U.S. Balk 


By John Tagliabue 

New York Times Servic e 

VIAREGGIO, Italy — Filippo Si- 
monclli lifts the receiver of his phone 
and pooches some buttons. A voice 
baiks into his ean “Fresh pizza? Ris- 
torante Buon Amico. Via dei Cam pi, 
24.” No, he did not call a pizza parlor. 
He is part of a curious experiment in 
which some Europeans are being 
offered free calls if they will also listen 
to commercials. 

Mr. Simonelli, who runs an insur- 
ance business on the main boulevard of 
this Mediterranean resort, listens to the 
ad with the same aplomb shown by 
local pedestrians when sidestepping 


Is nothing safe from advertising clut- 
ter? Apparently not, judging from the 


A UNIVERSITY) 

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everyone about it,’* Mr. SimooelD 
said, as gleeful as a child getting free 
ice cream. The only drawback, be said, 
is that at peak horns the phone system 
becomes overloaded. And that, said 
Paolo Bales tri, the advertising and 
television executive who introduced 
the service to Viareggio, is because 
“we have not been able to get equip- 
ment fast enough to meet demand" 
after announcing the free service in 
local newspapers this summer. 

Mr. Balestri’s company. Promotion- 
al System Phone, has 12,000 sub- 
scribers in Viareggio and two neigh- 
boring communities on the west coast 
of Italy north of Pisa. By next year, it 
expects to spread to more than 100 cities 
and to sign op 700,000 customers. 

Italians are not the only ones toying 
with phone ads. In Sweden, a company 
called Gratistelefon, which says it in- 
vented die idea, has 30,000 sub- 
scribers, with more signing up every 
day. In Norway, the national phone 
company, Telenor, is testing the idea. 

In Germany, 0.tel.o, a joint venture 


jMfo utilities, VEBA AG and 
RWE AG, plans to start a pilot project 
ut October ui Berlin, where, after sign- 
ing up 5,000 users, it had to turn thou- 
sands more away. 

The big national phone companies, 
which provide the lines, are wafting to 
see whether free calls increase 
volume. 

“Sounds like a nightmare” — that 
was the first reaction of Marina Mar- 
chetti, a spokeswoman for Telecom 
Italia, Italy’s national phone company. 
Bui if it catches on. she said. Telecom 
will not rule out starting a system of its 
own. 

Some big corporations, with huge 
advertising budgets, are taking a wait- 
and-see approach. 

Procter & Gamble Co.’s large Ger- 
man unit, for example, agreed at first to 
take pan in the Berlin experiment But 
even though a company spokeswom- 
an, Christina Jacob, described the new 
service as “for sure, a very interesting 
tool" for advertising, Procter & 
Gamble withdrew, preferring to await 
the results of the Berlin test before 
deciding whether to buy ad time. 

The executives of some ad agencies 
are also cautious. Marco Testa, pres- 
ident of Armando Testa SpA in Milan , a 
leading Italian agency, said he feared 
that primarily low-income families 
would be interested, offering an un- 
promising population sample to poten- 
tial advertisers. Moreover, he said, the 
phone ads’ lack of visual images poses 
creative limitations, as does their brev- 
ity. Most ads average 3 to 10 seconds. 

‘ ‘From an advertising point of view, 
it’s in a very experimental phase.” he 
said. “At best they are usenil for very 
local businesses, for the moment at 
least.” 

Could such phone ads travel to the 
United Stares? David Frail, a spokes- 
man for Bell Atlantic Corp. in New 
York, speculated that the Federal 
Communications Commission might 


fv ~. -i ■■ 


'■<H . - 




not approve them, given its past re- 
luctance to allow broadcasting over 
phone lines. 

But in Washington, a spokeswoman 
for the regulatory body’s common car- 
rier office said she knew of no ruling 
that would apply. If such service was 
restricted to local calls, she said, as it 
generally is in Europe, regulation 
would be up to the states. 

Kevin Doyle, a spokesman for Bell- 
South Corp., the telecommunications 
company in Atlanta.' said that he had 
read recently about free phone systems 
but that they “might take some getting 
used to.” 

But he was definitely interested, 
saying, "Certainly, as a going busi- 
ness, we would look at anything that 
would prove to be a money maker.” 

Mitch Burg, executive vice president 
of the Media Edge, a unit of Young & 
Rubicam Inc. in New York, said the 
group had been approached about pro- 
ducing such ads and was intrigued. 

Meanwhile, the companies that pi- 
oneered the system are pushing ahead 


with fresh investment to expand ser- 
vice and are aggressively seeking ro 
sell their systems abroad. 

Gratistelefon has sold its software in 
Australia and the Philippines and is 
talking with potential partners in the 
United States. Mr. Balestri said he was 
negotiating with a potential panner in 
Washington. 

Europe’s free phone systems differ 
from country to country, but in Vi- 
areggio, subscribers pay 35,000 lire 
(about $20), for a three-year contract 
for the service. After they provide Mr. 
Balestri’s company with such personal 
data as age, sex. size of family, type of 
automobile and living quarters, cus- 
tomers are issued personal identific- 
ation numbers. 

To make a call, subscribers dial a 
roll-free number and are welcomed by 
a five-second commercial. After 
p unchin g in their identification num- 
ber, callers hear a second commercial, 
after which they make the call. Calls 

See PHONES, Page 16 


iru‘>. ( -J 'I!? Fr.tr T kyar . hei 

MAKUHARI, Japan — Japan is push- 
ing for China’s quick admission to the 
World Tirade Organization. Prime Min- 
ister Ryutaro Hashimoto told a meeting 
of Asian and European trade ministers 
Sunday, while the' United States and 
European Union want to delay its entry. 

“i have been taking the initiative 
toward achieving the early accession of 
China to the WTO," Mr. Hashimoto 
said at the first A&ia-Europe Economic 
Ministers Meeting. 

The European Union’s top trade of- 
ficial. Sir Leon Britian. echoing the U.S. 
treasury' secretary, Robert Rubin, said 
Sunday that China had not gone far 
enough to satisfy the conditions for join- 
ing the WTO. 

“Progress has been made, there is no 
question about that, but 1 think we still 
have a long way to go." Sir Leon said. 

China has been trying to gain access 
to reduced tariffs under world trade 
rules for more than a decade. Entry' to 
the WTO would entitle Chinese ex- 
porters to reduced tariffs worldwide. 
WTO membership would also entitle it 
to file grievances when other countries 
broke the rules. 

Mr. Rubin said Friday in China that 
the United States was “a very, very 
strong advocate of China becoming a 
member of the WTO. but we believe it 
must be on commercially viable terms, 
which means real opening of China’s 
markets. In our judgment, that’s what 
the WTO is all about." 


Starting Oct. I. China will cut av- 
erage tariffs on imports to 17 percent 
from 23 percent. The details of the cuts, 
announced last week, were designed to 
piacaie critics of its trade policies. 

China has become more accommod- , 
a ting “in areas such as market access, 
tariffs, services, the role of state en- 
terprises," Sir Leon said. “There is 
substantial progress still to be made 
before we can bring it to a close.” 

Remaining barriers include a judicial 
system that discriminates against for- 
eign companies and hurdles to foreign 
involvement in the re tailin g and 
wholesaling industries. 

Partly because of obstacles to imports, 
China piled up a record S25.5 billion 
trade surplus in the first eight months of 
this year, more than double the 512^ 
billion surplus it recorded in 1996. 

China fears exposing local markets to 
more advanced competitors from the 
West and wants to open markets slowly. 
Sir Leon said the EU would accept 
' 'transitional arrangements and phasing 
in of commitments, but the commit-' 
ments have to be strong enough.” 

Sir Leon said Europe also would lobby “ 
the 10 Asian countries taking pan in- 
Sunday’s talks to pledge to open up their ~ 

hanking and insurance mar kets ahead of' 

a December deadline fa a WTO finan- 
cial-services trade agreement. The pros- 
pects for an agreement were dimmed by : 
turmoil in Southeast Asian currency mar- : 
kets, Mr. Rubin said in Hong Kong last 
week. (Bloomberg, AFP) 



Plans Indexes to Rival London 


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U.S.fc. 


1 S.MA.MBA.K 

I±=\ A DEGRE 
^ . , . fa as: 


‘Perverse’ Strengthening Belies Storm Awaiting Yen 



By Carl Gewiitz 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — A calm so unnatural that itcan only signal 
the approach of a terrible storm has enveloped die 
yen. 

Despite Japan’s performance as the weakest econ- 
omy among die major industrialized countries and its 
record-low interest rates — which logically should 
translate into a weak currency — the yen last week 
rose 0.8 percent versus the dollar and slipped a mere 
03. percent against the Deutsche mark. 

“It’s madness,” said Richard Koo of Nomura Re- 
search Institute in Tokyo. 

Jesper KoU at the Tokyo office of JP. Morgan & Co. 
called it “upside down economics, a very perverse 
state of affairs.” 


What logically should be happening with Japan's 
short-term interest rates at a mere 0.5 percent and long- 
term rates at only 1.88 percent is atidai wave of capital 
outflow, weakening the yen, toward North America or 
Europe, where both short- and long-term rates are 
substantially higher. 

But a weakening yen against the dollar is not 
politically acceptable. Not to the Americans, who have 
been privately highly critical of Japan's decision to 
raise domestic taxes and publicly hostile to Japan’s 
relying on a cheap currency to export its way to better 
growth. 

On the back of the sharp depreciation of the yen 
from its record high set in early 1995, Japanese exports 
— now rising at their strongest rate since 1984 — are 
already a growing political issue. 

In volume terms, said Mr. Koo, ’ ’Japan’s surplus is 


nearly at the record level seen in 1992.” 

Jim O’Neil] ar Goldman Sachs & Co. in London 
said the current exchange rate, with the dollar at 
121 .225 yen, is unsustainable, unless the United States 
and Europe are prepared to become service economies 
and allow Japan to produce all the manufactured 
goods. A fair value for the dollar, he estimated, is 100 
yen. 

Nor is a weakening yen — approaching 130 to the 
dollar — acceptable to the Japanese. They do not want 
a fight with Washington, and they continue to insist 
that their policy mix is correct and that domestic- 
demand-led growth is just around the comer. 

This week’s quarterly tankem report, die most au- 
thoritative survey of business sentiment in Japan, how 

See YEN, Page 16 


Reuters 

FRANKFURT — The German stock 
exchange announced Sunday that it 
planned to introduce pan-European 
stock indexes to compete with the Lon- 
don stock market after the introduction 
of the single European currency. 

Joerg Franke, a member of the board 
of Deutsche Boerse AG, the exchange's 
bolding company, said in an interview 
with a German newspaper that the 
bourse would start one index covering 
stocks in the monetary union area and a 
broader index of about 50 stocks from 
all over Europe. 

“We want to set the benchmark, to 
provide the product accepted by the 
market,” Mr. Franke told Welt am 
Soon tag. 

The bourse will also offer Europe- 
wide sector indexes and develop equity 
derivatives based on them, he said. 

“On the fixed-income side, a future 
on a basket of European government 
bonds would also be conceivable,’ ’ Mr. 
Franke said. 

He did not say exactly when the new 
products would be offered. 


Europe’s bourses are scrambling to 
prepare for the inevitable consolidation 
in their markets ahead of the planned 
Jan. 1, 1999, launch of the euro. Mon- 
etary union will lessen the need fa , 
national exchanges as stocks, debt and • 
derivatives will be denominated in just 
one currency. 

The German, Swiss and French 
bourses announced plans this month to 
link up their derivatives exchanges in a 
bid to challenge die London Interna- 
tional F inancial Futures . Exchange, or 
LIFFE, which dominates European de- 
rivatives trading. 

The increasingly fierce competition 
between London and Continental 
Europe has been reflected in lough talk. 

The chairman of Deutsche Boerse, 
Werner Seifert, said this month that it 
was time for die “crazy world of ex- 
changes to stop their national chauvin- 
ism.” 

Daniel Hodson, chief executive of the 
London futures exchange, has said that 
Europe’s bourses could not hope to 
match London’s dominance in short- 
term interest-rate products. 


M i 


TTTT 




* Psion Shirt-Pocket Computer Does It AH (Almost) 


By Stephen Manes 

New York Tones Service 


- : .v-“Vs? 


F ORGET pocket pro- 
tectors. You can tell 
modem nerds by the 
computers sticking 
out of their pockets. 

New, pocket-sized devices 
have so tar been most useful 
as repositories of personal 
data. But none has managed 
to take the place of a typical 

— •~’~uter because 

s (when they 

have them) have been finger- 
busters and their screens can 
induce permanent squints. 

The British-made Series 5 
model from Psion Inc. comes 
so close to solving those prob- 
lems that its shortcomings are 
particularly frustrating. At 




about $700 for an 8-megabyte 
model, it is not cheap; neither 
is a 4-megabyte model for 
$100 less, which has been an- 
nounced but remains unavail- 
able. 

In a package of 12 ounces 
(335 grams) no bigger than a 
typical pocket organizer, it 
packs not only an electronic 
address book and calendar but 
also a decent word processor, 
spreadsheet and calculator, 
not to mention a drawing pro- 
gram complete with handy 
icons of things like street in- 
tersections and snowmen. 

None of that would be of 
much consequence were it 
not for a screen you can read 
without going blind and a 
keyboard you may actually be 
able to type on. 


CURRENCY RATES 


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nrimn In other centers! New York 


Some of the unit's quirks 
must be mastered, but u you 
have used any standard com- 
puter, figuring this one out is 
fairly simple, thanks to in- 
telligent design. 

Icons arrayed around the 
touchscreen let you switch in- 
stantly between one applica- 
tion and another. A handy 
zoom icon lets you work with 
big, clear text or sacrifice 
readability for more informa- 
tion. Menus remember where 
you were the last time you 
used than. 

Though tiny, the keyboard’s 
sculptured keys give you a 
fighting chance of being able 
to hit diem accurately, after an 
hour or so of practice. 

The sharp, clear mono- 
chrome touchscreen is 
propped at a fixed angle, 
which keeps it from flopping 
back when you press it. But 
that also keeps you from ad- 
justing it when reflections ob- 
scure your view. The feeble 
but battery-eating backlight 
can help in some low-light 
situations. 

An AC adapter is an op- 
tional extra, but because tne 


machine runs quite a while on 
two AA cells, it makes more 
sense to throw a spare pair 
into the briefcase. Battery life 
is nowhere near the 35 hours 
the company claims; after a 
bit over six hours of use, the 
juice ran low enough to make 
the built-in voice recorder 
quit in protest 

Removable memory comes 
in the form of standard com- 
pact flash disks; a 4-megabyte 
wafer costs about $100. The 
infrared port is about as useful 
as most which is to say not 
very. One nice engineering 
touch is that the little doors for 
things like batteries do not fall 
off so cannot get lost 
The software engineering 
is not quite as successful. For 
“Psion,” the' sluggish 
spelling checker suggests die 
alternative “Poison.” The 
software that lets you connect 
the device to a Windows 95 
computer is less amusing. The 
British-accented documenta- 
tion is so wretched that it for- 
gets to mention that once you 
get the supplied serial cable 
connected, you have to adjust 
a setting on the Psion in order 


for the link to work at all, and 
the program’s way of making 
docking automatic may cause 
hiccups with other software. 

The glaring omission in the 
built-in hardware is a modem. 
An outboard adapter that ac- 
cepts standard Type n PC 
Cards and uses four AA cells 
for power is available for about 
$140, but not all modems will 
work with it and the commu- 
nications software built into 
die unit is hopeless for most 
users. Fax, Web browser and 
E-mail software will not be 
available until October. 

Still, this little behemoth 
points ro a day when ourcoxn- 

f uters will live in our pockets. 

artorial note: the pocket of 
the expensive shirt 1 wore on 
my return flight was neatly 
divided into a part for a pen 
and a part into which this 
device would not fit 
Tailors to nerds: Consider 
yourselves warned. 

Internet address: 
CyberScape@ihi.com 

- Other recent technology ar- 
ticles: 

www.iht.comJ/HT/TECH/ 


Michael 

Schumacher’s Choice 


SBC Cuts Cord on Cable Business 


To her an,*** ‘Un** 7* **■’ "* 

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B/oombtrn News 

SAN ANTONIO, Texas — The first Baby 
Bell telecommunications company to branch 
out into cable television has decided to leave 
the business — at a loss. 

SBC Communications Inc. agreed Satur- 
day to sell two cable television systems in the 
Washington area to a partnership of Prime 
Cable and Carlyle Group for $637 million, 
less than it paid for the systems four years 
ago. 

SBC, the parent company of Southwestern 
Bell Telephone and Pacific Bell, said it was 
selling the cable systems as pan of a program 
to shed video investments and to focus on its 
telephone business. 

SBC bought the systems for $650 million 
from Hauser Communications Jnc. in 1993, 


amid a flurry of similar transactions as local 
telephone companies sought to enter the cable 
business. 

Prime Cable paid $20 million fora minority 
interest in the properties in 1995 and has been 
operating them since. The cable operator, 
with financial backing from Carlyle, also 
agreed to buy SBC's option to buy a 75 
percent interest in Prime Cable of Chicago for 
an undisclosed price. 

SBC quickly followed up with a proposed 
$4.9 bilnoo partnership with Cox Commu- 
nications Inc. that would have created the 
ihird-biggest cable system in the United 
States. SBC shelved the transaction after Con- 
gress passed strict new regulations on the 
cable industry. It has been reducing its tele- 
vision and video investments ever since. 



Q 

OMEGA 

The sign of excellence 





































































































































































































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 199! 


I 


Kia’s Chiefs 
Seek to Avert 

Receivership 

Cunr ^ gencrFr,u,e *^e5se 

ftitoe of their automaking b^iMs 
as the company's uni^biSfar 
an indefinite strike “ for 

“M directors arc up here for a 
mapthon session to cope wi* 
sible court receivership ” a 
spokesman said. a ^ Ia 

The directors decided to fight i 

move byc ^ t 0 p u t^eghta 

under court receivershin w h ich 
^ey said could come anytime aftera 
^cepenod for loan repayments 
expired on Monday, he said/ 

% - B °l they a 8 re « I to dissuade uni- 
onists from launching the strike, 
^bmay *he situation into 
^tj^trophe, the spokesman said. 

Ine move followed a court order 

S? t Sa 5S a L ro free » debt pay- 
ments of Kia Motors Com. and three 
other units, which filed for court 
protection from creditors last- week. 

Kia Motors’s 15,000 workers 
walked out Saturday and called for a 
strike to begin Monday. Prosecuiors 
warned that strike leaders would be 
arrested. 

Kia has come near bankruptcy 
since it was put under an anti-in- 
solvency pact in July. Its Kia Motors 
unit has 8.5 trillion won (S9.29 bil- 
lion) of debt. 



Peugeot Puts New Hands Behind the Wheel 

Oatspoben Chairman Calvet, 66, Will Be Replaced Wednesday by Little-Known Folz 

Reuters 


PARIS — After 13 years of steering the 
Peugeot car company, Jacques Calvet, one of 
France's most outspoken business leaders, will 
hand over the wheel Wednesday to the new 
c hair man. Jean-MaitinFolz. 

Mr. Folz. 50. inherits a difficult job. He needs 
to tuip PSA Peugeot Cnroen and its aging high- 
cost force into a Jean, globally competitive 
company in less than* three years — the date 
when the last European trade barriers against 
Asian carmakers are removed. 

Investors, auto industry analysts and parts 
suppliers are waiting to meet the new chairman, 
who has kept a low profile since he joined the 
company two years ago as rumored heir-ap- 
parent. 

'‘Nobody s met him,’* said a Salomon 
Brothers analyst, John Lawson. “He has not 
seen absolutely anyone either in his role as 
dauphinor as head of the auto division.” 

Mr. Folz s discretion partly reflects the re- 
luctance with which Mr. Calvet is stepping 

down. 

As recently as die auto show this month in 
FranJaurt. Mr. Calvet refused to confirm that he 
would leave at the end of the month. 

His term expires at midnight Tuesday under 
company bylaws setting a maximum retirement 
age of 66 for the chai rman 

Trade newspapers have reported that Mr. 
Calvet, still trim and energetic, lobbied the 
Peugeot family to change the rules but they 
declined. The family, which controls 35 percent 
of the voting rights, recruited Mr. Folz, who was 
managing director of the big food company 
Eridania Beghin-Say SA. 

A graduate of France’s Ecole des Mines 
engineering school, Mr. Folz has held jobs at 
die Industry Ministry, the chemicals company 



P. fWi|*vL' \pwr l tJlJir*fVrw 


Jean-Martin Folz, in the driver's seat. 

Rhone-Poulenc SA and the aluminum company 
Pechiney SA. 

Mr. Calvet also came to Peugeot in 1 982 with 
no experience in the auto business and is cred- 
ited with turning the company around and with 
cleaning up its balance sheet. 

“Calvet has done a magnificent job of shor- 
ing up the PSA group in terms of sales, in- 
novation and finances.” said Noel Goutard. 
chairman of the company’s largest pans sup- 
plier, Valeo SA. 

He also succeeded in warding off foreign 
bids for important French parts suppliers, in- 
cluding Valeo, which was briefly eyed by Gen- 
eral Motors Corp. 


To most French people, Mr. Calvet was best 
known for his attacks on environmentalists. 
European Union bureaucrats, Japanese and 
South Korean carmakers and oil refiners. 

“It is my nature to be noisy.” he once said. 

A tall, distinguished man with a droll sense of 
humor, Mr. Calvet is the only business per- 
sonality to he regularly caricatured on French 
television's ‘satirical puppet show, “Les 
Guignols de L’lnfo.” 

He began his career in 1957 as a government- 
appointed auditor after attending the Ecole Na- 
tional d' Administration, regarded as turning 
out the cream of France’s civil service. 

He was chief of staff in 1970 to Valery 
Giscard d’Estaing, the conservative finance 
minister who later became president 

Mr. Calvet was given a job at the Banque 
Nationale de Paris, then owned by the state, in 
1974 and became chairman in 1979. He quit 
three years later when the Socialists came to 
power and joined Peugeot 

He had big dreams for the company — he 
talked of a triumphant return to the United 
States and he wanted to pass GM to take second 
place in Europe after Volkswagen AG. 

Neither came to pass, but he left on a strong 
□ole after reporting a be tter-than -expected 
profit of 564 milli on francs ($95.6 million) for 
the first six months of 1997. 

Analysts say that Mr. Folz has a tough ride 
ahead of him. 

"There are expectations that he will lead an 
acceleration of internal cost-reduction efforts 
that the company has embarked upon," said 
Mr. Lawson, the Salomon analyst. 

Mr. Folz is also expected to have his hands 
full managing labor relations, particularly 
touchy in France now, and developing cooper- 
ative partnerships, a key to controlling coses. 


A Revitalized Oshkosh Looks Overseas and to Licensing 


By Richard Korman The tide may be turning. A few 

York Times Scn ice V**™ ago. C.F. Hyde’s son, 

“ T Douglas, 47, took over as chief ex- 

The name Oshkosh B’Gosh con- ecutive: another Hyde family me in- 
jures up images of toddlers dressed ber. Michael Wachtel.43, is now the 
like fannhands, clambering around chief operating officer. The two 
the swing set in overalls. Behind that have improved the company's ef- 
look is a 102-year-old, family-run ficiency and have recently been 
Wisconsin company that rode the seeking licensees, 
affluence of the 1980s to become the The price of the company’s class 

biggest and best-known brand in A shares has risen substantially, 
, children’s clothing. from about $15 in mid-April to 

| Late in that decade, however. $26.7? on Friday. 

, Oshkosh B 'Gosh ’s magic faded like The founding families, the Hydes 
I often-washed denim. Led until the and the Wymans, hold about 17 per- 
| early 1990s by C.F. Hyde, a member cent of the A shares, along with 87 
of one of its founding families, the percent of the class B shares, which 
’ company failed to capitalize fully on control seven of the nine board 
its powerful brand name. seats. 

It was also slow to move pro- To be sure, Oshkosh B'Gosh, 
j duction overseas and to update its which gets its name from an old 

■ shipping — and the stock price me- vaudeville line, has a long way to go. 

■ andered for years in the mid-teens. The recovery efforts, for instance. 


have produced only modest profits 
— $3.7 million in the first naif of 
1997, in contrast to a loss of $6.4 
million a year earlier. Because of 
store closings and other initiatives, 
sales fell to $168 million, from $203 
million. 

And the apparel industry has 
changed greatly in recent years, with 


INVESTING 

lighefisted consumers refusing to 
buy until retailers put up the sale 
signs. 

Because children's clothing is of- 
ten bought as gifts, Oshkosh may be 
less sensitive to this price pressure, 
yet its emphasis on high-quality, 
fairly expensive goods — a pair of 
toddler's overalls costs about $26 at 
full price — makes it vulnerable. 

In many other ways, however. 


Oshkosh has become stronger. By 
closing two domestic sewing plants, 
moving much production overseas, 
increasing reliance on subcontract- 
ors and cutting inventoiy through 
the use of more precise shipping 
systems, it has trimmed expenses. 

Based on such efforts. Amor 
Towles, an analyst at Select Equity 
Group, estimated that Oshkosh's 
per-snare earnings would rise 23 
percent, from $ 1 .65 in 1997 to $2.03 
in I99S. 

Mr. Towles offers a different rea- 
son for the underpricing. He says the 
Oshkosh recovery has gone partly 
unnoticed because many analysts 
and brokers stopped following the 
company during its troubled years. 

An industry pattern of steady 
sales growth should also help 
Oshkosh. Domestic sales of chil- 
dren’s apparel rose from about $22 


billion in 1992 to about $28 billion 
in 1996. 

Oshkosh is making an interna- 
tional push, too. Foreign sales ac- 
count for about 25 percent of rev- 
enue but could reach 50 percent by 
2002, Mr. Hyde said. 

In a 1996 survey by the Total 
Research Corp., 2,000 consumers 
were asked to rank 1S2 brands of 
varying kinds of products in terms 
of quality. Oshkosh ranked ninth in 
the poll, ahead of household names 
like Lego. Nike and IBM. 

“The brand has exceptional 
equity and people would kill to have 
it, ’ said John Morton, senior vice 
president of Total Research. 

Oshkosh wants to license die use 
of its name for such products as 
strollers, toys, books and videos, an 
arrangement with the potential to 
produce cash with little investment 


PAGE 15l 


SHORT COVER 

U.K. Supermarkets Call Off Talks 

LONDON (Bloomberg) — Asda Group 
PLC said Sunday that they had discontinued exploratory 
merger talks that would have created Britain s largest 

pe ^esmt^^t came after the Sunday Telegraphjewswer 


Rexrodt Pushes Taiwan Train Bid 

MAKUHARL Japan (Bloomberg) — Economics 
Guenter Rexrodt of Germany said Sunday that he would g 
Taiwan on Monday to help Siemens AG and GKAls thorn e 
narr of a hish-soeed train project worth about $ 17 punon- . 


Ford Gets New Chief Auto Designer 

DEARBORN, Michigan (NYD — One of Detroit’s most, 
influential auto designers of recent times is retiring, and rora 
Motor Co. will hand over his responsibilities to a promising 
young designer. „ . , , . 

Jade Telnack, 60, Ford's Yice president for global design 
since 1987 and a designer at the company for nearly 40 years, 
will leave Ford ai year-end. He is credited with the acclaimed 1 
des ign of the original 1986 Taurus, which helped to rescue the 
then-struggling company and established a trend toward sleek. 



pRiMi wRu n 

The Volkswagen Concept 1, designed by J.C. Mays. 


aerodynamic styling that has been widely copied in the 

industry. 

His replacement will be J.C. Mays. 42, an American who is 
credited with creating the Volkswagen Concept 1, the pro- 
totype for the revived Volkswagen Beetle that will go on sale 
early next year. 

Most recently, Mr. Mays was vice president for design 
development at SHR Perceptual Management, an Arizona 
design consulting firm that has worked with Ford. 

MGM Creates ‘Independent’ Unit 

LOS ANGELES (AP) — Metro- Goldwyn-Mayer Inc. is 
fonning a unit to acquire and produce independent films. 

The company said Friday that Goldwyn Films would be 
charged with finding movies made outside the Hollywood 
system. It will be based in London and. will distribute its 
movies through MGM's existing distribution and marketing 

ream 

British Soccer Is Going Global 

LONDON (Reuters) — The British premier league soccer 
club Manchester United PLC is in talks with Far Eastern 
licensees to build a chain of up to 50 company stores 
throughout the region, the Sunday Telegraph reported. 



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PHONES: The Sell ffersion 


Continued from Page 11 

can last only 15 minutes, but 
subscribers pay nothing to 
dial a local number, with die 
cost covered by advertisers' 
fees. Domestic long-distance 
calls cost 70 percent of the 
usual rate; international calls 
are not included. 

Mr. Balestri acknowledges 
char he was inspired, at least in 
part, by Gratistelefon and its 


founder, Carl Ander. who 
says he came up with the idea 
about two years ago. 

*'I always thought that 
somehow, in the future, tele- 
communications and the me- 
dia would be increasingly 
closely linked,” Mr. Ander 
said. 

* ‘So 1 thought that if people 
call in and hear a message, 
maybe they could get, say, 10 
minutes for free.” 


MEDIOLANUM SELECTIVE FUND - 

Unit trust In liquidation 
Luxembourg. 1 1 , rue Aldnngen 

NOTICE TO UNITHOLDERS 

The Management Company as liquidator of the above 
mentioned investment fund resolved on 2 September 1 997 to 
declare a final liquidation dividend of ECU 2,03 per unit class 
B (capitalisation) of the sub-fund-ECU. payable as from 
B October 1997, against presentation of the unit certificate at 
Kred let bank SA Luxembourgeoise, 43, boulevard Roval 
L-2955 LUXEMBOURG 1 

The Unitholders of Mediolanum Selective Fund (in liquidation) 
are hereby informed that the following reports are or will be 
available upon request at the registered office of Mediolanum 
Management -Company S.A. (11. rue Aldringen L-1118 
Luxembourg) 

The financial statements and audit report of the 
investment fund as at 31 December 1 996 
The liquidation report of the investment fund as ai 
31 December 1996; 

The audit report of the investment fund covering the period 
from 1st January 1997 to 2nd September 1997; 

"me annual report and the report of the' auditor -j 

Company S.A a5 „ 

^ Procedure on 10 November iw 

any balance of liquidation proceeds will be deposiw 

,**. Consignations in lKI? 
records of Mediolanum sSSeFund ' mil th ‘ 




■ 


PAGE 16 


CAREERS 


Late Bloomers Drop Out of the Rat Race to Plunge Into Teaching 




By Sana Siwolop 

Fin- fort Times Sen-ice 


D AVE Moss bad just received a pro- 
motion and a 19 percent increase in 
salary when he quit his banking career 
age 35. Instead, Mr. Moss, who had 
been working as a commercial loan officer, 
ocgau pursuing a 15-year dream; becoming a 
teacher.- * 

He had three teenage children at the time, and 

he needed 18 months to obtain his teacher's 
certificate. The switch also meant a 60 percent 
ait in pay, to a starting salary of $18,500. But 
y 63 ** he does not regret iL 
“I’ll never make the money in education that 
I probably could have made as a banker,” said 
Mr. Moss, who lives in Sandy. Utah, and teaches 
the fourth grade. “But after I found something 
that I really enjoyed doing, our family realized, 
amazingly, that we didn’t miss die money.” 

Career switching is not new to the teaching 
business. But it has become more popular lately, 
amid growing concerns over teacher shortages in 
some areas. And teachers* pay is starting to keep 
pace with inflation. 

Today, the typical career switcher into teach- 
ing has been out of college for 8 to 10 years. But 
more of these new teachers are men, and more 
are people in their late 50s or their 60s. And 
while new teachers still tend to come directly out 
of college, the number of career switchers has 
probably doubled in the last 15 years, to perhaps 
50,000, education experts said. 

People who want to make the switch can 
choose among 300 programs across the United 
States, half of them created since 1990. The 
largest is the Troops to Teachers program, for 
military personnel; it has produced 2 300 teach- 
ers since 1994. There are also programs for 
physicists, retired engineers, returning Peace 
Corps volunteers and “para-educators” like 
teacher's aides. 


Some people are still enrolling in alternative 
certification programs that take just a few weeks; 
school districts started offering more of these 
programs in the early (990s to deal with teacher 
shortages. 

But about three-quarters of the career switch- 
ers, education experts say. are turning to pro- 
grams that are usually considerably longer and 
often exhaustingiy intense, but that steep stu- 
dents in teaching theory, child-development 
courses and classroom experience. 

Educators applaud the interest. They say 
many school districts prefer career switchers as 
teachers, and for several reasons: They tend to 
bring more maturity, self-confidence and self- 
discipline to the job, and they are less likely to 
leave the profession. 

Still educators caution, a career as a teacher is 
not for everyone. Those who are happiest with 
die change, they say, have usually made a real- 
istic assessment of their skills and have some 
experience working with children or schools. 

“People often think that just because they’re 
good at working with people that they're right 
for this.” said Michael Andrew, director of 
teacher education at the University of New 
Hampshire. “But they often underestimate the 
emotional and mental stress of the job, and often 
they don’t have the abilities 10 relate effectively 
with today’s multicultural. pluralistic 
classroom.” 

Mr. Moss said; “If large purchases, money 
and titles are important to you, teaching is not the 
way to go. People who are stuck in a 9-co-5 habit 
or who look at it as just a job shouldn't consider 
it too strongly, either. In my case. I'm working 
with 26 difrerent personalities during the day, 
and I have to take the time to deal with each 
personality individually. ” 

For David Krone, an elementary-school teach- 
er in Lexington. Massachusetts, the decision to 
switch careers also took a big bite out of his 
family’s income. 


Mr. Krane, 43, had worked as a carpenter and 
building contractor for almost 20 years before 
September 1996, when he became a full-time 
student in an intensive yearlong teacher training 
course at the Shady Hill School in Cambridge. 
Massachusetts. He had run a successful business, 
but found himself “running from job to job, 
doing more management and less hands-on 
building.” 

Luckily, Mr. Krane's wife was able to increase 
her earnings, to help offset the loss of income. But 
Mr. Krane, who has two daughters. 5 and S. still 
had to borrow al- 
most $8,000, as 
well as tap into 
his savings for a 
few thousand 
dollars a month. 

“It began to get 
quite dicey to- 
ward the end,” 
he said. 

Pablo Mil- 
lares encountered some of the same difficulties. 
Once a bill collector for American Express Co., 
Mr. Millares, 35, is now happily teaching kinder- 
garten in North Miami Beach, Florida. 


‘If large purchases, money and tides are 
important to you, teaching is not the 
way to go. People who are stuck in a 9- 
to-5 habit or who look at it as just a job 
shouldn't consider it too strongly, either. 9 


UT to reach his goal. Mr. Millares had 
to obtain an $8 .TOO education loan and 
spend three years going to school on 
Saturdays and in the evenings. Even 
after he finished his courses, he still had to take a 
leave of absence from his collection job to finish 
a nine-month internship. 

Now, rather than spending his day on the 
phone, Mr. Millares teaches up to 44 kinder- 
garteners at a time. 

“The biggest change I had was suddenly 
becoming my own boss, " he said. “ I was the one 
running the factory, so to speak, and to these 
kids, I was a friend, a psychiatrist and Mom and 
Dad all rolled into one. 


* ‘I didn't have gray hair when I started teach- 
ing,” he added. 

Mr. Millares was lucky in finding a job: Just 
three weeks into his internship, he was hired by 
the school where he was working; But Mr. Krane 
had a tougher task. While interviewing for a job 
in a multi-age classroom — a teaching approach 
that mixes students of slightly different ages — 
he discovered that there were 350 td 500 ap- 
plicants for each job . 

After sending oat more than 100 Jetiers, Mr. 
Krane eventually landed a job, teaching* class of 

first and second 
graders. But 
many of his 
friends, he said, 
had to workout- 
side of Mas- 
sachusetts, be- 
came so many 
universities in 
the Boston area 

“ chum out new 

teachers each year. 

Education experts advise career switchers to 
assess training programs carefully. David 
Haselkorn, president of Recruiting New Teach- 
ers, a nonprofit group in Belmont, Massachu- 
setts, said that more than 40 states offer al- 
ternative certification programs intended to 
license teaching candidates who already hold 
bachelor’s degrees and have expertise in a par- 
ticular subject. 

But, he added, these programs vary -widely. 
Some require just nine additional hours of gradu- 
ate course work, while others require obtaining a 
master's degree and extensive field work. 

“Some of these programs are just emergency 
programs with fig leaves.” he said. 

Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor at 
Teachers College at Columbia University, said: 
“ We’ve found that the programs that are the most 
successful are those that are usually launched by 


Mi 


universities and that have created strong patl-1 
nerships with local schools. These programs 
combine intensive course work in learning the- 
ory. child cognition and development 
temships with master teachers at local schools. ’ 
Sheadded: “The programs dial fail are the 
four- to six-week summer programs, where 
there's just enough time for orientation and 
learning tricks of the trade. With these programs 
students often obtain very little knowledge of 
bow kids develop, and they also get no special- 
education training, even though classrooms now 
average two students with learning disabilities 
apiece. As a result, students usually run out of 
teaching tools by die second week ot school. 

•S. DARLING-HAMMOND said 

career switchers who com pleted 
longer, more intense certification 
w . programs were about three times as 

likely to stay in teaching as new college gradu-g| 
ates But career switchers who chose the quick 
nroerams had a higher dropout rate; 20 percent to 
50 percent leave after the first year- By contrast; 
career switchers who train well have an attrition 
rate of about 5 percent. 

“School districts think they re saving money 
with these programs, but a lot of them arc penny 
wise and pound foolish. Ms. Darling-Ham- 

mond said. . . „ . 

Still, for many switchers, training well can be 
taxing. At the teaching training program at the 
University of New Hampshire, students first 
endure a wilderness week in the White Moun- 
tains that, like many Outward Bound programs, 
helps them adapt problem-solving methods to 

the classroom. _ . 

After that, they are required to run a five-week 
summer school for elementary and secondary 
students and complete a yearlong internship. ^ 
“This is basically a full-time commitment, 

Mr. Andrew said. “Most mid-career people have ^ 
saved up to do this. ' ' W 


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program gives you free travel to where you really 


Continued from Page 11 

looms as a major test of this 
thesis, and analysts expect it 
to be gloomy. 

The report will also coin- 
cide with the start of the 
second half of the year for 
Japanese companies. The 
run-up to the SepL 30 closing 
for first-half reports is tradi- 
tionally a tune of yen strength 
as companies repatriate over- 
seas profits to enhance results 
— and may . account for the 
recent calm in the foreign- 
exchange market. 

While a weaker yen would 
clearly exacerbate trade re- 
lations with Washington, a 
stronger yen would clearly 
damage the Japanese econ- 
omy. since rising exports are 
tte only buoyant sector of the 
ireconontiL 

But without a change in 
fiscal policy — deemed un- 
likely as the- Japanese gov- 
ernment has staked its repu- 
tation on reducing its deficit, 
the largest among the major 
industrialized countries — 
“the only way to kick-start an 
economy already on its knees 
is to allow the currency to 
depreciate,” said Mr. KolJ. 
“The choice is capital out- 
flow and currency depreci- 
ation or an implosion of the 
economy.” 

Mr. Koo sees the same 
stark choice, but be fears im- 
plosion. He reports hearing 
that Japanese officials are 
quietly telling investors not to 
buy dollars because the yen is 
headed higher. “In addition 
to talking up the yen,” be said 
that officials were “said to be 
considering outright inter- 
vention.” 


YEN: Currency Heads for Storm 


The real danger in this 
■ policy of discouraging invest- 
ment outflows, said Mr. Koo, 
is that the ever increasing in- 
flow of dollars earned via die 
trade surplus and brought 
home could drive the yen sig- 
nificantly higher — back to 
the 1995 high of 80 yen per 
dollar. With the dollar below 
104 yen, Japanese manufac- 
turers lose money on exports, 
many analysts say. 

“It's only thanks to foreign 
investors that the yen has not 
appreciated so far’" Mr. Koo 
said. 

International investors are 
big players of the “carry 
trade” — borrowing yen at 
0.5 percent and investing the 
money abroad. Analysts re- 
port this trade is rising, cur- 
rently estimated at just under 
$40.billion, but still below the 
record levels seen early 'this 
year. 

The dilemma for Japan, 
Mr. Koo says, is that the gov- 
ernment is intent on justifying 
its decision to raise taxes this 
year to reduce the budget def- 
icit 

“It’s nuts, but one silly po- 
sition leads to another,” he 
said, alluding to threat of gov- 
ernment intervention to push 
up the yen to placate Wash- 
ington. “If the fiscal policy is 
totally out of step with what’s 
needed, and if they can’t fix 
fiscal policy 10 something 
that is needed, then one mis- 
step leads to another.” 

Gloomily, he predicted that * 
it would take a collapse of the y 
stock market — devastated 
by a runaway appreciation of 
the yen — to get the gov- 
ernment to reconsider its fis- 
cal restraint 




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■PAGE 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1997 

SPORTS 


$ i -* 


Koreans Surge Past 
Flatfooted Japan, 2-1 


CongArt far ftu- Sa&Fiaa Digurfer 

South Korea scored twice in the final 
five minutes to beat Japan, 2-1, on Sun- 
day in Tokyo in the final s tag e of Asia's 
last qualifying round for next year’s 
; World Cup finals in France. 

The two countries will be co-hosts of ■ 
the 2002 World Cup. 

The match, played before a capacity 
crowd of 57,000 at Tokyo’s National 
.Stadium, left Sooth Korea with a max- 
imum nine points from its three matches 
in Group B, five points ahead of Japan 
and two points ahead of the second 
place United Arab Emirates. 

Japan took the lead in the 68th minute 
when Motohiro Yamagnchi dribbled 
'past two defenders and lobbed the ball 
into the net over o crushing goalie, Kim 
Bynng JL 

A substitute, Seo Jung Won, tied it in 
tlx: 85th minute, heading home a shot 
during a melee in front of the goal. Three 
minutes later, the midfielder Lee Min 
.Sung raced down the left side and rock- 
eted a shot from 25 meters (27 yards) 
past the goalie Toshikaxsu Kawaguchi 
1 On Saturday in Tashkent, Uzbekistan 
lost to the United Arab Emirates, 3-2, in 
another Asian Group B match. 

England Blackburn Rovers, one of 
the early season pacemakers in the 
Premier League, drew against Coventry 
on Sunday, 0-0. Neither team could 
score, but both had a player sent off. 

Coventry's Dion Dublin was ordered 
off in the 42d minute after apparently 
elbowing Blackburn’s Colin Hendry as 
they jumped for a header. 

But the home team failed to take 
advantage of its numerical superiority, 
and in the 69th minute the were 
back on an even footing when Jason 
Wilcox received a red card for kicking 
Michael O’Neill in an off-the-ball in- 
cident. Blackburn is three points behind 
Arsenal, the leader, which drew 2-2 at 
Everton. 

The Arsenal striker Ian Wright scored 


Scoreboard 


his eighth goal of the season, in the 32d 
minute, and seven minutes later set up a 
goal for Marc Overmais. 

But two 17-year-old strikers, Michael 
Ball and Danny Cadamarteri. scored in 
the second half to earn Everton a draw. 

Manchester United, the reigning 
champion, is a point behind Arsenal 
after losing at Leeds, 1-0. David Weth- 
erall scored the winner in the 34tb 
minute. 

ITALY Silvio Berlusconi, the presi- 
dent of AC Milan, was despairing Sun- 
day after he watched his club lose at 
home, 1-0, to Vicenza in serie A. 

“What do you want? To show my 
tears on live television," he said, fend- 
ing off journalists immediately after the 
former European champion’s second 
successive league defeat 

Anuro Di Napoli’s superbly flighted 
free kick, scored in the 50th minute 
against die run of play, meant Fabio 
Capello’s team has yet to win a serie A 
match this season. 

Despite rebuilding at great expense 
over the close season, Milan, four times 
champions in the past six years, lan- 
guish fifth from bottom with two points 
from four matches. 

They ate already 10 points adrift of 
arch-rivals Inter Milan, on top with a 
maximum 12 points, following Satur- 
day’s impressive 5-1 victory at Lecce. 

Milan had dominated, wife the 
Brazilian midfielder Leonardo hitting 
the bar with a free kick in the eighth 
minute and Paolo Maldini 's 40th minute 
header tipped over by Pierluigi Brivio. 
But after conceding a set-piece goal for 
the fourth match in succession, Milan 
never recovered its composure. 

The contrast with Inter, which won 
with two goals each from Ronaldo and 
Youri DjorkaefF on Saturday, was strik- 
ing. Inter is two points clear of Parma, 4- 
0 winners over udinese on Satnrday. 

SPAM Barcelona maintained its two- 
point lead over Rekl Madrid on Sat- 





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Redskins’ Cornerbacks Shine 

In 24-12 Victory Over Jaguars i 

Giants DefeatSaintsasWheatleyR 

The Associated Press 

Thwarted by a pair of aging comer- c!oser after a turnover, but 

backs, Marie BraneU had nowhere to me or c ^ ^ zone< 

throw toe ban. *2.® The Giants’ new 

With 37-year-old Dairen Green and u S siU hasn’t been able 

32-year-old Cris Dishman balling balls completely un- 

away from Jacksonville’s top receivers, to get 

the Washington Redskins heW toe toe New Orleans Saints, 

league’s top-sconng offense without a wo touchdown passes 

touchdown and halted the Jaguars Dave Brown s ^ Tyrone 

eight-game regular-season winning and some clutoi allowed 

streak with a 24- 12 victory on Sunday in Wheadeytokill losing 

Landover, Maryland. t _ *e ? u? 9 JSySSi*J in 

Green held Jimmy Smith, who had streak witha 1 Jersey 

100-plus yards receiving in each of his East RufoerfoKU 0 f 25 for 194 
first three games this season, to four Brown, wb ha|f touC hdown 
catches for 52 yards. Green fought off yards, tojw J . 

Smith and used his left hand to knock passes of 32 y, 

toe ball in the air, causing the inter- and 14 to Chns CaUo way asNew iotk 
ception that led to the go-ahead touch- (2-3) edged 0 f 36 

d5ra in the second qu^ter for toe Red- DoufcBneu^ tadnd goa^W M 

skins (3-1). 32 and 39 jraflto. the later bnnwng me 

Then, late in toe game, with toe score Saints within five points 
17-12 and Brunell hoping for a come- play. rn rake the 

from-behind fourth-quarter drive, Dish- New Orleans badachanc . 

man punched a pass away from Keenan lead when come ituck A1 _ , 
McCardell to cause an interception that sacked Brown on a blitt aiKl 
set up an insurance TD. fumble. Defensive end Etarren 

While Brunell struggled for Jackson- ■ returned it 11 yards to the Giants 35 with 

ville (3-1), completing 16 of 31 passes 5:44 to play. , , nf a i r nr 

c ico HmHi Shnler. who was 1 6 or j 1 ror 


Auuhi TtolxJafThr AwM ftn 

Korea’s Ko Jung Wood, left, trying to get around a Japanese defender. 


urday as both sides scored comfortable 
away wins. 

Luis Enrique and Rivaldo scored 
twice each, to give Barcelona a 4-1 win 
at Sporting Gijon, while Raul and Pre- 
drag Mijatovic scored for Real in the 2- 
0 victory at Valencia. 

Another title contender, Atletico 
Madrid, struggled to a 3-3 draw at home 
to Celta Vigo. 

GERMANY Kaiserslautern's seven- 
game unbeaten streak was halted Sat- 


urday when visiting Wader Bremen 
upset toe Bandesliga’s top team , 3-1. hi 
another surprise, champion Borussia 
Dortmund lost at borne to 1860 Munich, 
3-2. Kaiserslautern stayed on top of the 
league, two points ahead of Bayern Mu- 
nich, which drew, 1-1, at home Friday 
against Schalke. 

Netherlands Tijjani Babangida’s 
seventh goal of toe season gave Ajax 
Amsterdam a 1-0 victory over second- 
place Heerenveenon. (AP, Reuters) 


for 153 yards and two interceptions, 
Washington's Gus Frerotte survived a 
shaky start to have one of the best games 
of his career. 

Frerotte lost a fumble on toe first play 
from scrimmage and later threw an in- 
terception deep in his own territory, but 
he threw two -touchdown passes to 
Leslie Shepherd and one to Jamie Ash- 
er. He finished 16-for-24 for 244 
yards. 

Washington's Terry Allen, playing 
with a cast on his broken left thumb, 
rushed for 122 yards on 36 carries. 

The Jaguars came in averaging 32.7 
points per game, but BraneU frequently 
had to forgo attempts to Smith and Mc- 
Cardell and instead dump the ball off 
over toe middle or eat h for a sack. 

Jacksonville had its opportunities 


Heath Sbnler, who was 16 of 31 for 
203 yards, moved New Orleans to the 
Giants 24. However, coroerback Jason 
Sehorn blitzed and tackled Mano Bates 
fora 2-yard loss on a run, and linebacker 
Corey Widmer sacked Shuler for an 8- 
yard loss on a blitz on toe next play. 

After an incomplete pass, the Saints' 
coach, Mike Ditka, elected to punt on 
fourfo-and-20. and Mark Royals backed 
up the Giants to their 3. 

Wheatley, who got playing time be- 
cause TDri Baiba sprained his right knee 

in the second half , men killed the Saints. 
Herippedoffrunsofl5, 13and9yandsto 
help New York run out the final 3:38. 

The Giants 1995 first-round draft 
pick finished with 11 carries for 60 
yards. He had 49 yards on 19 carries in 
toe first four games. 


BASEBALL 


Major League Standings 


AM— CAM 1 




EASTDnSStON 




W 

L 

PcL 

GB 

k-B<dbnore 

97 

64 

402 



w- New York 

95 

66 

590 

2 

.Detroit 

79 

82 

491 

18 

.Boston 

78 

83 

484 

19 

Toronto 

75 

86 

466 

22 


CBfTRAL OMnON 



xOevefand 

86 

74 

538 



Chicago 

79 

81 

494 

7 

Milwaukee 

78 

82 

488 

8 

Kansas City 

67 

93 

419 

19 

Mtonesoia 

67 

94 

416 

m 


WEST DIVISION 



x -Seattle 

90 

71 

559 

— 

Anaheim 

84 

77 

.522 

6 

Ten 

76 

85 

472 

14 

Oakland 

64 

97 

-398 

26 

x-d inched dtvfston title 




W-d Inched «M cart 





mnoH i iunK 
EAST DIVISION 



W 

L 

Pet 

6B 

x-Attanta 

101 

60 

427 



w- Florida 

92 

69 

-571 

9 

Hew York 

87 

74 

440 

14 

Montreal 

78 

83 

484 

23 

PhBadcfohio 

67 

94 

416 

34 

CENTRAL DIVaraN 



x -Houston 

84 

77 

422 

— 

Pittsburgh 

78 

83 

484 

6 

Gndmtofl 

7S 

86 

466 

9 

St. Louis 

72 

89 

447 

12 

CTricngo 

68 

93 

422 

16 

WEsronnscoN 



v-San Fronosco 

90 

71 

459 


Los Angeles 

88 

73 

447 

2 

Coiorcdo 

82 

79 

409 

8 

San Diego 

75 

86 

466 

15 

w-cEndwd wid cart 




irdinched dMsion IWe 





AMERICAN LEAGUE 

Mtottun oio ooo 100-2 12 0 

Ormond 3M 121 OQj— 7 a 1 

Fwke. Swindell (51. Guardado (7). RtfcMa 
18: and Steinbadi- Oqea Jacotne (i). 
A'j umaa <71. Plunk (81, Mesa 19} and 
5 Alomar W-Ogec 8-9. L-Rotfe 20-ia 
HRs— Clevetaut S Alomar 2 Ql>. 

J .Fernandez (1 1) 

Button MO 000 000-4 10 0 

Toronto 000 012 OOx— 3 4 0 

A lien n r. D. Lowe (6), Money (81 and 
HaJWw® W.WBMmfc Pfesac (81. Esatbar 
19: ana A Soidtogo W— W wamn 9-14. 
L— B. Henry 7-1 

New Yarn Ml 008 076-8 TO 1 

D«M4 002 000 000—1 1 O 

PrfMte. Bodirtiaer {SI. M-Rmera (8). 
Neteen SOI and ftrnrcft Posada (71; 
Ju. Thompson. Bracail (81. TaJones <8X 
M Myers (9), Mice* 191 and Casanova 
Wdbeek. 191. W—M. Rivera W. L— To Jones 
W. HR-New York. Stonier (1S1 
Kansas aty ON 2M 000-2 7 1 

accon 09 een oa»— 7 ? i 

Appier. De to man (61. Cotrasai (81 and 
Kadxtine Siratta N.Cmz (B) and 
Kariurvice. Rawoas (81. W-Sirotkn 341. 
L— Appier 9 13. HRs— Kansas Cifir. JJtttO 
OS'. CtiKoga Durham (I II. Kartmnce (6). 
Ml inure 800 IN 1BO-2 6 8 

MtaariH 301 000 OCX— 4 10 0 

■ Krivda Rhodes (6L TeJUUdhews (81 and 

Hofei Webster (61; Hcmtach. A. Reres (61. 
WKkman (81. DaJones (91 ard SUnnefl. 
W — Handseh M L-Krteda 4-i 
Sv— DaJones 136). HRs— BaBUMRL 

Ledesma (21. Baines (16). M8waelw& 
Bum* QS). 

Taws 000 1M 700—0 12 0 

Bo alnim 000 022 800— • 7 1 

■ Hcfl.no. Baiks (7L PaRersoa <81 and I. 

Rodrtqoec D^onnaeo HaBz (7). P. Harris 


(7). Pertsho (9) and Kreater. W— HdBim 3-1 
L— Holtz 34. HRs— Taras, JujGonnte (421, 
L Stevens (21), F. Tails CO, Oka CO. 
Andieiia Krealor ®. 

OaUad 014 030 OHM 12 I 

Seattle 013 ON 010-5 7 1 

Ocpdst Groom (D. Taylor (83, T. 
J .Mathews (9) and Mayns Mayer, B.Wels 

(4) , Chartton Cfi). Spafcrtc (71. Ayafo C8). 
Stoaimh (9) and Manana. W— Oqutat 4-6. 
L— Mayer 17i Sv-T. J Mathews (3). 
Hte— OoBond, Sptefio 041. Seattle, (banez 
nUWUBlI). 

NATIONAL LEAOUE 

Godnafl 101 4M 901—7 11 1 

Montreal 001 ON 000-1 3 I 

Morgan and J. OBvecMUohnsoa Bennett 

(5) . DeHart (9) and Vfidger, Chavez (9). 
W— Moroni 9-12. L— MLMasan 2-5. 
HRs— Ondnnoa DmJodaon O). Normally 
03. 

Ftartda - ON MO 010-3 3 1 

PHaMptda ON 010 4N-S 10 0 

Ojahv Altonseca (71 Stamfer (7) and C 
Johnson, MM (81; SdrDIIng. SpradDn (8). 
BattaGcD (9) and UaberthaL W— SdiUfrrg 1 7- 

II. L— AHunsaca 1-3. Sv-BattaBco 031. 
HR— PhBadeMda KJordon (51. 

Ptttsborgh 000 ON 000-0 6 2 

Houston ON 010 IN-2 3 0 

Looton Onbdansen (8) and OsSo 
R. Garda Henriqoez C®. B.Wogner (9) aid 
Knan. Peno (51. W— (LGada9-B. L— Loatao 
11-11. Sv— B. Wagner 03}. HR-Haustoa 
RuJohMon CO. 

ddcaga 3N IN IN-5 14 0 

SL Louis IN ON 001—3 « 0 

Tapani Pbdatto (91 Bid Houston Bushy, 
Fassas (6). SXawe (7), Ragglo (9) and 
Marrero. W— Tapani 9-3. L— Busty 0-2. 
Altanla 120 IN 200 01—7 12 1 

NOW York 400 002 ON 00-4 7 2 

11 hrntojl 

Brock. C Far (7). Embree (83, LeRay (9). 
Uotenberp (11) and EddJVtez. Spehr (4J; 
Batmaa McMldioel (8L Rofos (IQ and 
AXnsMo. W— LeRov 1-0. L— Ro)as 0-6. 
Sw-UBtonfaerg (11. HRs-Aflonto. Ild B unl 

III. GniitanhM (8). 

Las Angeles 400 012 120— 10 IS 4 

Comrade ON IN 030-4 7 0 

I.VUdes. RatflnskT (8) and Piazzs 

Jm Wrtoht Hotroes (61. McCuny (HI. Beckett 
(9) and Je.Reed. lAtammq (91. W-|. 
Valdes 10-11. L—Jra. Wright 8-1 2 HRs-Los 
Angeles. EcYaang (8L Pkaza D8L Karros 
GU. Mondesi 2 GO). Gogne (91. Cotorada 
LWt*er(49). 

Son Dtege IN 010 020-4 6 3 

Sen FroKfcco 302 102 IOe-17 IS 2 

P.Smttn. H Murray ML Cunnane (SL 
BnrsAe (5L Erdos (5L Bergman (7X Kroon 
(81 and C Hernandez. Romero (7); Emat D. 
Henry (8), Beck (9) and B. Johnson. Berryhai 
(71. W— Eskes 19-5 L-P. Smith 7-6 
HRs— Son Froncsca Bonds (401. Kent 
091. 

MMMrSIIMHMH 

AMeroCAMLEAOM! 

Boston 230 ON 000-5 103 

Tomato 22T (W0 43S-12 15 3 

Sole. Wakefield CD. Wastfn tSL 
Brendenborg (6). Cant (7). Support (&> and 
Hattctwg; Hentgen. Janzen (TLOoanMB (9) 
and asonHogo. W-Jdnzen. 2 1. L-Caroi 5 
3. HR— Boston Gor o gpcr ro (301. 

Mtonesoia 002 Ni 021—614 1 

devetand ON 214 Ole— 10 14 0 

TroMIOec Trombley (61. Mautty (6L 
Robertson (8) and SMnbach; JtWrtgnt 
Colon (4L Plunk (7L Ass ero nocher (81. 
MJocksan (9) and Borders. W-Cotoa 4-7. 
L— TraMifer. 1-5 HR— Oevefcjnd. Ramirez 
(36). 

Stand Gone 

Minnesota 001 012 ON 2-6 12 • 

Oevetond ON ON 002 0-4 12 1 

5erafinL SoMdl 161. Ago Hero (9) and 
Valentina Juden. Joanne (7L A Lopez (91. 
Merman (IQ and Ocz, Borders (10). 
W— Aguilera 5-4. L— A. Lopez 3-7. 


HRs M i nnesota Lawton (143. Cleveland 
Justice Q3). 

New York on 020 040-6 71 0 

Detroit ON NO 18B— 1 6 0 

D.Weflfc Lloyd (Q, Mendaza (9) and 
GhardL Posada (7L Madder. M. Myers (7L 
GaJBad (8L Duran (8L BroaW (BL Jrovis (91 
and Walbeck. W— D. WeN. 16-10. 
L— MoeMen 11-12. HRs — New York. FUder 
03). DetroA Hunt (1). 

ONfend 200 NO Nl— 3 10 1 

Seattle 410 211 Ms-9 0 

Rigby, Lorraine (4). Ludwkk (4). Mahler 
(6L C Reyes (6) and Moyne OSroes. 
RaJatntan (SL TlmBn C7L Spoljartc {83, 
Ayaki (9) and DaWBson. W— RaJotmsaiv 
20-4. L-Rloby, 1-7. HRs-SerfBe RJCeOy 
D2L Griffey Jr (56), Sorrento G1). 

Kansas OTr NO 036 010-18 12 1 
Ctdeoge IN 118 810-4 11 0 

Banes, Oban (71 and MUwe n ew 
Koron i u J. Darwin I6L Levine C7L Fordham 
(91 raid Machoda W— Banes 4-7. 
L— Navarro 9-14. Sv— Oban Cl). 
HRs— Kansas aty, JJGng Q7L MLSweeney 
O). 

Batfiroore 801 IN 083-5 14 1 

NUhrautote 3N IN 100-4 8 0 
Ertdaon. Mils (7L A Benitez (7), 
TeMothews CQ. RnMyen (9) md HoOes. C 
Groene (4L Rosarto (73; OAortcn, Fetters (4), 
Dovto (7L Widanan (8). Do Jones (9) and 
L»M. Y(— 1 TeMothews 4-4. L-Oo Jones 6- 
6 Sv-RaMyers MSI. H Rs D trtB ro ot e, R. 
Alainar (14. E-Davb (8). MRwaukee, BumBz 
06). 

Terms 018 202 280-7 12 0 

Anaheim NO 011 141-8 12 1 

PavSk, Bodes (81, Wldfeskie (81. Patterson 
(8L Santana (91 and l. Rsdrtouee Hascgawa 
DaJMay (6). Chavez (7). Petcbal (9) card 
E n aa nmdmL W— Perdvol 5-5. L— Santana 
4-6. HRs— Terras. I. Rodriguez (2Q. 
Anaheea Hofl Ins (161. Eenhoom (1), 
MOIOMAL LEAOUC 

Odeago 004 ON 000-4 7 0 

SI. Louis 130 300 05*— 12 12 1 

RMm D. Stevens CD. Footer Q), Batista 
(S). T Adana (8). Morel (8) and Houston; 
Morris and Ditto*. W— Monts. 12-9. 
L-Fostt 10-7. HRs— St Louis. McGwire 7 
03). 

Attanta 900 HO 910-1 5 0 

MewYmk BN BN BH— 1 4 1 

Smoltz. C other (7). woMero (II and J. 
Lopez. Edd. Perez (7); RAeed Crawford (9) 
and AXoshBa. W-Crawford. 4-3. 
L— Wohlers. 5-7. 

Las An g r ie r ill OM UQ— * t 1 

Otarfde on oil 000-1 7 2 

RMorSnea Dredort (Bl. Hall (9) and 
ftazBL Mice (9L F.CasaDa Leskanic (83, 
Dipc*r (91 and Mtnrwaring, JeJIeed (81. 
W-R. Martinez. 10-5 L— F. CasMa 12-12. 
SOODiega BN 000 010-1 4 1 

San Francisco OM 102 30s— 6 7 0 

HMcheock. TlWone* (61. H Murray (71, 
Menhart(7). Kroon (Q and FUhcfty; AJvaiu 
RXenundez (8L Beck (9) and B. Johnson. 
BerryldO (8). W-Atvarez. 4-1 L-Hdehcocfc, 
ID-11. 

Rortda 102 001 300-7 8 0 

PBBadNphtO OM 420 011-8 14 2 

LHemroidez. K. MDer (4). Cook (61, 
Po»N (7). Vosherg (83, Stanlfer 19) and C. 
Joltosea Zaun (6); T Green. Karp (7), 
SprwKn <93 and EstafeOa. W— SproNn 4-8 
L— Slender 1-1 HRv-Rorida. Dauitaa (14). 
PltBaiMphla Rolen 2 Oil- 
andttt in ioi 200-5 to o 

Mealreal 902 <04 00* -8 14 0 

CroweL Craves (6L Wlndiestor (Bl and 
Fentyas Tharmors D. Veres 161 Kline (7), 
TeHord (B) and Chovra. W-Thurroan 1-0. 
L-Crewefl 0-1. Sv— Telford DI. 

HRs— Gndrmafi. W. Green* (26). MenheaL 
Meulens CO. R-WfUte CQ. 

Ptttvhurgti 1M OM 900 — 1 8 1 

Houston ON 020 2fe-8 12 9 

Schmidt Dessens (51. J Johnson <6L 
Peters 18) and KendMl Osik (83; Reynolds, 


Mognanle (61, R. Springer (81, TMmtto (91 
and Pena Knarr (6). W— Reynolds 9-1 a 
L— SctimWMD-9. 

Japanese Leagues 



W 

L 

T 

Pet 

.GB 

x- Yakub 

79 

48 

3 

422 



Yokohama 

68 

57 

0 

444 

ID 

Hiroshima 

64 

61 

0 

412 

14 

Yomfurl 

60 

70 

0 

462 

m 

Hanshin 

56 

72 

1 

438 

23% 

Qumichl 

55 

74 

1 

426 

25 

x-clndied 
league We 

MORCI 

W 

luaai 

L T 

Pd 

.66 

Sefoa 

72 

52 

3 

481 



Orix 

64 

57 

3 

429 

6M 

Kfnteteu 

65 

61 

4 

416 

8 

Nippon Ham 

61 

V> 

1 

MB 

14 

Dalei 

59 

67 

1 

468 

14 

Lotto 

54 

69 

2 

439 

1716 


unoutfinioin 

CENTRAL LEAGUE 
YakettS. HansMn 4 
Yottdurfl OnrokU 1 
Hiroshima 10k Yokohama 6 

• MCfflC LEAGUE 
SeBru 5. Nippon Ham 4 
Kkltetoo 9. Ddei 3 
QrinS. Lot to 3 

B Wi M TI MIUL T O 
CENTRAL LEAGUE 
Ybfcuit 16. Hanshbi 1 
Yokohama 9, Hiros him a 4 
Yoroluri 1 Chutddil 0 

PACne LEAGUE 
Nippon Ham 3. Seiba 2 
Lanes, Ortu 
KHeho&DolelO 


ICE HOCKEY 


HHL Preseasoh 

mOAY'SOAMU 

Detroit*. Boston 0 

Toronto 2. Florida I 

N.Y. Rangers 1, New Jersey 0 

Washington A Philadetphto 1 OT 

Ottawa 1 Buffalo 2 

CNcogo 1 Montreal 2 

Las Angeles A Anaheim 1 

irons ay's tLMn 
PhitoddplHa 1, Piltshurgh 0 
Boston iOrtrort 3 
Washington 6, Cotomda 1 
Montreal 4. Chicago 3 
New Jorocy 3. N.Y. hJanden 2 
Florida 4 Toronto 6 tie 
Carolina 1 Buffalo 2 
DattosAPhoemr J 
Los Angeles S. Anoheim 2 
CoigaiV A Edmonton 2 
Son Jose 5. Vancouver 4 


FOOTBALL 


Ma job College Scores 

Amherst 30. BowdomO 
Brown 3& Lafayette 77 
Buckne82lLPcnnl6 
CIncinneti24 Boston Coaeqeo 
Colgete 4*. Corned 3& OT 
Columbia 16 Towsond 
Cannecticat 28. Yale 0 
Dartmouth 3& Holy Cross 6 
Detowme 3& Noriheastem 1 4 
Hampton U. 42, Grombtng St. 7 
Homed 35. Letogh 3D 
Maryland 26 Temple 71 


-Mrmopable Moments (Wim .lolmnic Malker: U\ 1)1, K ( l l‘ <cir/i tu-munl CulUu-hor 


Mnssodarsetto IB Rhode (stand M 

Miami Ohio 3& Army 14 

Princeton 9. Fordham 7 

Atabana 77, Southern Miss. 13 

Auburn 41, Cent Florida 14 

Duke 26. Navy 17 

Hortda 55, Kentucky 28 

Florida A8M 24 Howard U. 15 

Georgia Tedi 23. Owraon 20 

LSU54AknmQ 

Mertseippi 15. \fande*bQ3 

Mississippi St. 37, Saufi CaraSno 17 

North Corofind *& Virginia 20 

West Vbglnio 281 Miami 17 

WiSom & Mary 2a Boston U. 17 

Houston 45. Minnesota 43 

kwo3& IHMs 10 

Kansas St 54 Bowling Green 0 

MarahN 4Z Bal SL 16 

AMcWgon 31, Nabe Dome M 

OHoS131,MinoorilO 

Purdue 21, Northwestern 9 

Wisconsin 27, Indkwa 26 

Arkansas 17, LouWano Tech 13 

Brigham Young 1 9, Southern Math. 1 4 OT 

Oklahoma 35, Louisville 14 

OkWmna St. 3& NE Loottm 7 

Tesos34Rioe31 

Texas AIM 3& North Terns ID 

Air Forae 24, San Diego St 18, OT 

Arizona St IX Oregon St 10 

Colorado 7a Wyoming 19 

Southern Cot 27, CaBtornfo 17 

Stanford 58, Oregon 49 

UCLA4dA*ono27 

UNLV4I, l(8nolsSL6 

Washington SL SB. Balsa St. 0 

Top 25 College Results 

How die top 25 teems In Urn irenrimrt 
Press' coOege football pod IvsdUet week: 

Ne. t Hart* (4-0) beat Kentucky 55-28. 
Nest vs.AfkansaSatunkry.Ne.2Fmn State 
O-Q dkl not play. Ned; t* lltnolL Satardoy. 
Na.2Nebrra)n (3Q did natpkry. Nest vs. No. 
1 8 Kansas Skde> Saturday. Ne. 4 Hartto State 
0-9) did not ploy. Meet vs. Mkant, Saturday- 
Ns. 5 North CernfiM (4-0) berd Virginia 48- 2a 
Nat at Terns OeWfaa Saturday. 

Na.6 Mletogan P-01 t»oct Notre Dame 21- 
14 Ned: at Indiana. Saturday. Ne. 7 OMe 
State (4-91 beat Missouri 31-ia Ne* vs. No. 
11 fawa Saturday. No. 8 Aebum (4-ej beat 
Central Ftorido41 04 Nest at South Carofmc. 
No. 9 Teimessee Q-i) did not play. Next vs. 
Mtsstsdppl Saturday. No. 10 Wastongfm Q* 
11 did not play. Next vs, Na 25 Arizona State 
Saturday. 

No. lllavra (A4D beat UBnois 38-ia NeXT, 
at Na 7 Ohio State Saturday. No. 12 Mle«- 
gon Slate 04) did not pkry. Next vs. Min- 
nesota, Saturday. No. 13 LSU (3-D beat 
Akron 564. Next Q VandertrBL Satardoy. No. 
14 VirgiBfa Tech (40 beat Arkansas State 
SIM Next vs. Miami Ohla Saturday. No. 15 
WmMogtaa Stale (440 beat BotoeSlore5UL 
Next at Oregoa Saturday. 

No. H Celormte Q-I) beat Wyoming 20-19. 
Meet vs. No. 22 Texas asm. Sotaidey.No. 17 
Oensen P-2J kstto Georgia Tech 23-20.Next 
vs. Tews ELPasa Saturday. No. is Kamcs 
Stole (34Q beat Bavding Green S84L Ned: at 
No.3Nebnska Saturday. No. 17 Getrglo (3- 
Q did not ploy. Not vs. Mississippi State 
Saturday. He. 20 Stanford 0-1) beat Oregon 
5849. Not vs. Notre Dana Saturday. 

Ne. 21 Alabama (3-1) beat Southern Mis- 
sissippi 27-13. Not: at Kentucky, Satardoy. 
Na-Z2T«sas ASM (3-Q beat NaRhTons36- 
ia Nat at No. lACotoroda Saturday. Ne. 22 
Brtgbom Yeung Q-I) beat Southern 
Methodist 19-16 OT. Not vs. Utt State 
Friday Ne. 24 UCLA (2-21 beat Arizona 40- 
27. Not; vs. Houston. Saturday. No. 25 Art- 
zena Stale (3-1) beat Oregon Slate 13-10. 
Noth at No. 10 Wtelttagtorv Saturday. 

CFL Standings 


Edrifa Irvine. Brttaltv Ferrari, 1%9. Ponte 16; 
10 Mika HaMJnea Ffikxid, McLaren. H- he 
Herbert 14 

c o onu i uusksuniieiaf. 1.WK 
8ams 1 1 2 petals 2. Feraxf 86t 3. Benetton 62; 
4McLaren44S.Jofdan32;6.Prast2l;7.So- 
ubo li 8. Arrows 9s 9. Stewart 6c 1 (LTynal 1 


CRICKET 


lOTt-DAY MTERNAnOIIAL 
SUNDAY. II HYDERABAD. PAKISTAN 
Indie 170 (49ovm<s} 

Pakistan 171 for five On 443). 

PMUor won by five wfcteb and leads 3 
match series 1 -a 

H88NA8W1 V. mw HAUUZP 
8» AND VMAL TEST, 4TM DAY 
SUNDAt, M RULANATO, ZMBMBWS. 
Zh tt aeNl and 152-3 
Now Zealand: 403 


CYCLING 


TourofSwum 

Piedtogs in 21s) stage, 48.7 knvlndhifauel 
ttmalrfal In Ateobondee on Saturday: 

1. Ain ZueBe. SwUzsrtoiKt ONCE 51 itl 3S s 

2. Sergei GontahaL Ukraine, AH at 31 s. 

3. Afoorto Lfianbtownrtte Spate ONCE M 
4 Loaront Jataberb Franca, ONCE 51 

5. Meichor Mauri Spoa ONCE 56 

6. Tony Romlnget SwttzertarKt Cottah 136 

7. Juan Carta Dominguez. Spl, Kefcne 130 
& Crtstlan Solvate Holy, Refln Z13 

9. Enrico Zatna Italy, Asks 2: 19 
10 l Fernando Escnrlte Spate Kdmo 231 
Ptacing s In 145J kea. Staid and final 
ataga in and wound Madrid on Sunday: 

1. Mm von HecswEc Netherkante 
Rdbobardt3h.29m.42s 

2. Jan Svaroda. tech RepubBc. JMapaLsJ. 

3. Moroel Wust Germony, Lirtus, *x 
4 Ctoucfio Comte I tote Bresdalot, sJ: 

5. Lms Mkhoehea Denmark, TVM sJL 

6. FabrtzioGaidL Itaty, Scrigno. sJ. 

7. AartVlertiavtero NeduRifoifoaiik. sx 
& Aiessio m Basas Italy. SaeciL sx 

9. Bkrglo Conte Italy, Scrigna sX 

10. Gtantuca Gorinl Italy, AKI 

rmal ovxxajll tXTwu- Aiuh l. ZueBe. 
91 h.l5m.S5vXEscartlaat5d>7;X Laurent 
Dufaux. SwitzeriarxL Lotos 6:11; 4 Zldna 
724 S. Roberto Heras, Spate KMaie ftO* 6. 
DmdelCiavenLSpateEstaponailk02;7.Ja1. 
obert lOria 8.Maics5 Serrana Spate Kekne 
HMCfc 9. Gianm Faeste My, MapM 13^3; 
ia Yvon Ledancte France. GAN 15:40. 


RUGBY UNION 


OROUPA 

Ltacester, England 47, Letroter, Iretand. 22 
TooIobsw France 69, Milan. Italy, 19 
GROUP B 

Wasp* England, 43, Glasgow, Scotland, 5 
Ulster, North lit, 28. Suransea Wales, 20 
GROUP C 

Pontypridd Wales, 29 Brire Franot 29 
Bate England 27. Border*. Scotland. 23 
GROUP D 

Muister, Ireland 32 Canfifi, Wales 37 
Bouigain, Francrs 1& HmteqiwK Eng. 30 

GROUPS 

Trevfsa,lfcdy, 52, Caledonia Scotland. 6 
Uoraft Wales, 14 Pau, Franca 10 

■NaHMCONNUKI 

GROUP A 

Bristol England Id EbbwWateWote*. 16 
Agon, Froiiite 21, La Rodieite From IS 
anouPB 

Newport Wala, 2d MonHenand Fr. 31 
Sate England 43, Montpafiiec Firaice 3 
GROUP C 

London Irish, England 24 Oat France 11 
Constanta Ram. 2& Slade Francois. Fr* 85 

GROUP d i 

Connacht Iretand 2d Nice France 2S 
Bankaux, Ft. 21 NoritaBoptoro Eng. 16 
GROUP E 

Bridgend Vtales. 12, Rktenand Eng. 44 
Grerrabte Fnmce 24 Cotornfars, France 29 
GROUP F 

Padova hat* 26. Bez'm Franca, 26 
Toulon. Fra. 16, Gloucester, Engkmd13 
GROUP a 

Btanttz, France, 2d Edinburgh, Sarttaid. 27 
Perpignmu Fr. IX Newcastle England 27 
GROUP H 

Cashes. France. 32, SaracenL England 18 
Norbanne France. 52. Neath, Wales, 21 


Washington D.C & Tampa Bay 1 
Kansas Qty 5, Cofarada 2 
Eastern Conference: x-DX. 55 points; y- 
Tompo Bay 45. y-Cohimbus 3&- y-New Eng- 
land 37; NY-WJ 31 Western Conference: xy- 
Kamas aty 49 pabdu yOaBos 42- y-Las Aiv- 
getes4l;y-CataRido3S; San Jose 30, 
x-dbidud conference fine 
y-dnehad ptoyaff spal 
World Cup 

ABMHZOia 

SECOND ROUND 
OROUPA 

KuwnOl, Irani 
Qatari, China 1 

VTAHOMOCc Irani- Kuwait 4- Soudl Ara- 
bia 4 Chino 1; Onto 1. 

CROUP g 

Uzbekistan 2. Unrted Arab Enrirafes 3 
Japan 1 . South Korea 2 
CTw e ias! South Koraa9 potnte Unit- 
ed Arab Emirates 7; Japan 4. Uzbekistan i; 
Kazakhstani. 


TENNIS 


SOCCER 



iToreato 

x-AAontreal 

.Winnipeg 

Hamilton 


W L T PF PA Pis. 

tl 2 0 22 459 234 
10 3 0 20 352 360 
3 10 0 6 318 410 
1 13 0 2-284 441 


Edmonton 8 5 0 

BrMshCoforebia 8 6 0 

Calgary 7 6 0 

Sos kUKJ i LvM i 5 8 0 

i-dtoehed playoff berth 

Friday* Game 
B.C. 34 Hamilton 33 


0 16 331 311 
0 16 391 380 
0 14 30 309 
0 10 298 341 


AUTO RACING 


Luxeibroiiiio grand Pmx 

MHMV. M ■UERBMiaMn.GCNMANV 
NUXteHfai 

1. Jacques Vdfanem Canada Wtafams I to 
31 m.77A34s, average speed 200222kph 

2. Jean Alesl France Boiefton at 1 1 .770* 

X H.-H. Frantzen. Ger. WBDgms 13A80 

4 Gerhard Betgez. Aoslna Benetton 14416 

5. Pedro Knit Biazd Arrows 41147 

6. aimer Pond, France Pros) 43.750 

7. Johnny Habai BritateSovbw 44356 

8. Daman HA Britain, Arrows 44777 

9. GtarvU Marhktete Italy, Saubarone lap 

10. Mika sate FMand Tynel one lap 
DMVBBf fTAMMNMH 1 

1. VSenwvt V pm» 2. Michael SdM- 

maclior, Germaiy, Femnitt 3. Hefaz-Har- 
aid PicntniL 35; 4 Alesl 34 5. David 
CasOianL Britain. McLaren. 30C 6. Betget 
34 7. Gxmcmto FfatteOa Italy. Jordan 2(b 8. 


BypebCup 

MSOTOGRANDE.SPAW 

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ssnus 

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(7-fl, 6ft 

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UP 














PAGE-19 


SPORTS 


Giants Complete 
Unlikely Dream 

.L Maris of the Yankees sei [he 
San Francisco Giants record with 61 in 1961. 

^ ^ est The homers put McGwire 
«« since 1989, becoming the two ahead of Seattle's Ken 
roorth team unhis century to Griffey Jr. for the major- 
go trom last to first in one league lead. 

Sason, with a 6-1 victory 
over the San Diego Padres in 
San Francisco. 

Wilson Alvarez combined 
w hh two relievers on a four- 
hitter Saturday for his first 
victory since Aug. 26. Al- 
varez allowed two hits and 


NL Roundup 


McGwire hit a 1-0 pitch in 
the fourth off Kevin Foster 
(10-7), a shot that slammed 
off a concrete facade beyond 
the left-field fence. In the 
eighth, McGwire fell behind 
Ramon Morel 0-2. worked 
die count to 2-2 and hit a 
towering homer well beyond 
the fence in left 
H«ta 2, Brave* 1 In New 
York. Alberto Castillo bit a 
one-out double in the ninth 
inning off Atlanta's closer, 


lJ^Wruck out nine in seven in- 
nings. Roberto Hernandez al- 
lowed a run on two hits in the „ , 

ojghth, and Rod Beck pitched Mark Wohlers, to drive in the 
the ninth. winning run. 

Beck struck out Greg Astras a. Pirates i Shane 
Vaughn for the final out. Reynolds beat visiting Pitts- 
touching off a wild celebra- ' 


tion near the mound. 

J.T. Snow hit a two-run 
double. Glenallen Hill and 
Darryl Hamilton had run- 
scoring singles and Brian 
Johnson added a sacrifice fly 
for the Giants. 

San Francisco, which has 
won three straight and eight 
of 10, became the last team to 
qualify for postseason play. It 
was die Giants' fifth title 
since moving to San Fran- 
cisco in 1958. They won the 
NL pennant in 1962 and 1989. 
and claimed division cham- 
pionships in 1971 and 1987. 

The Giants, who open the 
playoffs Tuesday at Florida, 
joined the 1990-91 Min- 
nesota Twins, the 1990-91 
Atlanta Braves and the 1992- 
93 Philadelphia Phillies as the 
only teams of the century to 
go from last place one season 
to first place the following 
year. 

Dodgm 6, Rockies 1 The 

Dodgers were eliminated 
from the NL West race de- 
spite beating host Colorado. 

Ramon Martinez shut 
down the Rockies for seven 
innings and Otis Nixon drove 
in two runs for Los Angeles. 
About 20 minutes after the 
victory, San Francisco 
wrapped up the division title. 

Cardinals 12, Cubs 4 In St 
Louis, Mark McGwire hit his 
56th and 57th home runs, the 
most in a season since Roger 


burgh for the seventh time in 
eight decisions and Bob Ab- 
reu had a two-run double. 

Reynolds (9-10). sched- 
uled to pitch Game 3 of the 
playoffs against Atlanta, al- 
lowed one run and six hits in 
five innings. 

Abreu hit an RBI double 
off Jason Schmidt in a three- 
run fifth that put Houston 
ahead, 6- 1 . Sean Berry's sac- 
rifice fly and Luis Gonzalez's 
pinch-single added runs in the 
seventh. *" 

Expos 8, Bads 5 Hensley 
Meulens home red and 
matched a career high with 
four RBIs. and Mike Thur- 
man got his first major-league 
victory. 

Meulens gave host 
Montreal a 2-1 lead with a 
two-run single in the third and 
homered leading off the fifth 
to make it 3-2. He hit on RBI 
double as Montreal took a 8-3 
lead with a four-run sixth off 
Jim Crowell, who was mak- 
ing his first major-league 
start. 

Phidias 8, Martins 7 Scott 
Rolen hit his second homer of 
the game with one out in the 
bottom of the ninth for Phil- 
adelphia. 

Rolen, the likely NL Rook- 
ie of the Year, hit his 21st 
homer on a 2-2 pitch from 
Rob Stanifer (1-2). Rolen's 
first homer, a two-run shot, 
gave the Phillies a 6-3 lead in 
the fifth. 



Ul Wig A/Iv J JJ 

(And Bet on the Braves) 


putting it into a team-wide slump that worsens 
as the series progresses. This happens often. 
And it should be the case when the Yankees 


By Thomas Boswell 

Washington Rost Service ( 

HAS been a baseball season of meet “the imdetanned Indians. Andy Pettite 
IMS and David Cone. back, ftom shoulder prob; 


IfnrFmirrnnr 

Barry Bonds waving to a joyous home crowd after the Giants clinched the NL West. 

Mariners’ Griffey Bags No. 56 


The Associated Press 

Ken Griffey Jr. returned after a night off to 
hit his 56th home run and Randy Johnson 
came out of the bullpen to become Seattle’s 
first 20-game winner, as the Mariners beat the 
Oakland Athletics, 9-3, in Seattle. 

The Mariners hit three homers in Satur- 
day's game, increasing their major-league re- 
cord total to 264. and reached 90 victories for 
the first time. 

Griffey, returning to center field for the first 
time since the Mariners clinched the AL West 
last Tuesday, hit a solo shot off Brad Rigby ( 1- 
7) in the second for a 5-2 lead. 

Griffey, who asked to sit out Friday night’s 
game to get some rest in preparation for the 
AL playoffs that begin this week, went 3-fov- 
5 and increased his major- league-leading 
RBIs total to 147. 

YankM*6, Tiger* 1 1n Detroit, Wade Boggs 
reached 2,800 career hits with an RBI triple 
and David Wells had a good audition for New 
York's postseason rotation. 

Cecil Fielder added a three-run homer and 
Bemie Williams hit an RBI triple in New 
York’s fourth straight victoiy. 

EDu* Jay* 12 , Red Sox 5 In Toronto, Rich 
Butler had three hits, including his first major- 
league RBI on a tiebreaking single, in a four- 
run seventh inning. 


Oriole* s, Brewers 4 In Milwaukee, Eric 
Davis homered for the first time since un- 
dergoing surgery for colon cancer and 
Roberto Alomar erased a 4-2 Orioles’ deficit 
with a three-run homer in the ninth off Doug 

AL Roundup 

Jones (6-61. Davis, who underwent surgery on 
June 13 and returned to the lineup on SepL 15, 
went 4-fbr-5 and hit a drive into the left-field 
seats in the third. 

Royals io, whita Sox 4 Jeff King hit a grand 
slam to cap a six-run sixth inning as visiting 
Kansas City beat a Chicago team for the first 
time in 14 games this season. 

Kansas City had been 0-10 against the 
White Sox and was swept in a three-game 
interleague series by the Cubs. 

Indians 10, Twins 6; Twins 6, Indians 4 In 

Cleveland, Jaret Wright, the 21 -year-old 
Cleveland rookie, allowed two runs and 
struck out six in three innings as the Indians 
beat Minnesota in the first game of a double- 
header. 

In the second game. Matt Lawton homered 
in the top of the 10th after David Justice hit a 
tiebreaking, two-run homer in the bottom of 
the ninth as the Twins earned a split with a 6- 
4 victory. 


T colossal individual deeds, from Marie and David 

McGwire’s and Ken Griffey’s homers lesns> look , WrihL skiooeda 

SatBSSSSSSE; 

start the championship portion of the en- you — so they wish th y y 

missing in this year of '‘ S Thiid, if a sencs toks d.® by nc^d 
- * -- - -- measurements, check the bullpens. If one is 

clearly superior, you’ve got your answer. • 
That's what will happen when the Onoles 
meet the Mariners. Both have fine pedi^ees. 
Baltimore won seven of 1 1 meetings and has a 
better regular-season record. The Manner?* 
just set the all-time season home-run record 
and have the most superstars. The Orioles, 
however, play better as a team. So, plenty of 
these contests should be nip and tuefc 

Don’t wear yourself out thinking, however. 
The Orioles will win the close games because 
you’ll never see a bigger bullpen gap than this 
in the playoffs. The Orioles deserve to win and 
they know it That helps make it happen. , 
That leaves the Florida Marlins against San 
Francisco as our mystery series. The Marlins 
have more talent, better starting pitching, a 
bigger payroll and little clubhouse chemistry. 
The Giants are scrappers who’ve gotten 
Bonds to embrace the program. The pick here 
is the Giants, wholeheartedly. That probably 
means the Marlins are a lock. 

The one certainty of this postseason is if the 
Braves don’t' reach the Series, they will be 
branded chokers. How unfair. Just because 
the only way they can lose is if they gag their 
brains out 

This is a team thar will start three Cy Young 
winners against Houston. But not this year’s 
probable Cy Young winner — Denny Neagle 
(20-4). He’s not good enough to crack their 
playoff rotation. Now that's baseball history. 

The only team with a prayer against the 
Braves is Florida. But the Giants are going to 
them. So, Atlanta's got a bye to the 


monumental stats. Big games. Because of die 
division-race-deflating influenceof wild cards, 
the game managed to have a season without a 
single contest that will be pan of baseball lore. 
The two best teams in each league were in the 
East. We knew everybody wowd go to the M 
party.. So, why worry? Or care? 

Now, we’ve got nothing but big games. 
This wildcard deal is a trade-off. The sea- 
son’s sleepier. But October's even crazier, 
especially the five-game division series that 
are set to start Tuesday and Wednesday. 

In one month, we’U have a new king. Along 
that championship trail, -Randy Johnson may 
strike out 16. Tmo Martinez could drive in a 
dozen runs in a series. Barry Bonds probably 
will play like his godfather, Willie Mays. And 
Bobby Bonilla is agood bet to go i for 20. 

But, in the end, the title will go to Atlanta. 
Because it should. The Braves still don't 
know how they lost to the Yankees last year. 
And they're still mad about it. As they should 
be. So, they'll beat the Baltimore Orioles in 
die World Series in six games. Occasionally, 
the two best teams really do go all die way, 
that the better one actually wins the Series. 
That’s how it’ll be this year. 

- For the next few days, we will be inundated 
with dubious playoff analysis. We’ll see hitter 
vs. pitcher matchups. Who won the bead-to- 


season series? Who couldn’t hit south- 
paw starters? We'll even get those ludicrous 
charts that compare teams position by po- 
sition as. if baseball were a series of head-to- 
head Ryder Cup matches. 

Mostly, this is bunk, though we engage in it 
because it’s also fun. The gap between top 
teams is narrower in baseball than in any 
major sport. Upsets, and sudden midseries 
momentum shins, are in character. That’s the 
kick of it. But some analytical stuff does 
matter. To die degree it’s possible, here’s how 
you dope out October baseball. 

First, is one team miles better than another 
by every measure? 

You don’t see this often. But you will in the 
first round. The stumblin’ and staggerin' 
Houston Astros don’t belong on the samefiekl 
with die Braves. They know iL “We’II have 
fun,” Craig Biggio predicted. Until die games 
start, anyway. 

Second, you see if one team’s rotation can 
dominate, smothering the other offense and 


The American League is the complete op- 
posite. Every series is up for grabs. The Mar- 
iners have a gargantuan offense that'll ex- 
haust anybody they play. The Yankees have 
been underrated all year. It's no accident they 
finished fas t. c losing their division ga p behind 
the Orioles — just as Baltimore did to diem 
last year. There’s not much air between New 
York, rich in starters but an arm shy in the 
bullpen, and Baltimore, rich in the pen but an 
arm shy in the rotation. 

Whoever comes out of the AL — and h 
won’t be Cleveland — will look like they've 
survived a death march. If die Braves lose 
their fourth Series of die ’90s, Bobby Cox has 
to go. But they won't. 


The Luck of the Irish? Not This Year 

Notre Dame Loses 3d Straight as Michigan Comes Back in 2d Half 


The Asst\iaicJ Press 

An improved performance by Notre 
Dame still wasn’t good enough to beat 
Michigan. 

The" Fighting Irish lost their third 
straight game Saturday, falling to sixth- 
ranked Michigan. 2 1 - i4. Notre Dame is 
mired in its longest losing streak since 
1 985. when Gerry Faust \ lust Irish team 
dropped its final three games. 

Brian Griese. the Michigan quarter- 
back, threw a 41 -yard touchdown pass 
. i to Tai Sheets, and Chris Floyd scored on 
• a 14-yard run as Michigan (3-0) over- 
came a 14-7 hal/time deficit at home. 

It has been a rough start for Bob Davie, 
Notre Dame's new coach. His team has 
faltered since opening with a victory 
oicr Georgia Tech. The Irish ( 1-3 1 lost to 
Purdue and Michigan Stale before falling 
to Michigan. It won't get much easier 
next week at No. 20 Stanford. 

The Irish blew several late scoring 
chances. They recovered three fumbles 
in Wolverines' territory in the fourth 
quarter, but failed to score each time. 

Gnese was Ifi-of-22 for 177 yards, 
while Notre D;ime's quarterback'. Ron 
Powlus. was 20-of-27 for 205 yards. 

No. 1 Florida 55, Kentucky 28 In Lex- 
ington, Doug Johnson threw five TD 
passes, including three to Jacquez Green 
in the first quarter, as the Gators i-M). 2- 
0 SEC) overwhelmed the Wildcats t2-2. 
0-2 J. Kentucky's Tim Couch who 
entered the game with a nation- leading 
1 5 TD passes, was 33-of-59 for 54S yards 
and two scores. But he was sacked four 
times and bad three passes intercepted. 

No. 5 North CaraOna 48, Virginia 20 In 
Chapel Hill, North Carolina scored 45 
straight points. The Cavaliers (1-2. G-I 
ACC \ took a 20-3 lead late in the first half 


before the Tar Heels (4-0, 2-0) rallied. 

No. 7 Ohio St. 31, Missouri 10 In 
Columbia, Missouri, backup quarter- 
back Joe Germaine threw two touch- 
down passes to David Boston and dir- 
ected a third scoring drive as Ohio State 
(4-0) recovered from a sluggish start to 
beat Missouri (2-2). 

No. 8 Auburn 41, Central Florida 1 4 At 

Auburn. Dnmeyune Craig passed for 

Collioi Football Roundup 

360 yards and two touchdowns as Au- 
burn (4-0) beat Central Florida 1 1 -4). 

No. 11 Iowa 38, Illinois 10 In Iowa 
City.Tavian Banks rushed for 191 yards 
and two TDs as Iowa t4-0) rolled over 
Illinois 1 0-4 1 . 

No. 18 Colorado 20, Wyoming 19 In 
Boulder. Colorado, Ben Kelly returned 
a kickoff 99 yards for a touchdown and 
Jeremy Aldrich kicked an 18-yard field 
goal with three seconds left os Colorado 
(2- 1 1 rallied to beat Wyoming (3-2). 

Georgia Tach 23, No. 17 Clsmson 20 In 
Atlanta. Brad Chambers kicked two field 
goats for Georgia Tech after the regular 
kicker was injured. He booled the win- 
ning 2U-y order with 1:54 remaining. 

No. 23 Brigham Young 19, Southern 
Mothodist 18 In Dallas. Brian Mc- 
Kenzie’s 15-yard TD run on BYU’s 
third overtime play won it for the Cou- 
gars (2-1. 1-OWAC). 

No. 24 UCLA 40, Arizona 27 In Pas- 
adena, Skip Hicks tied a school record 
with four touchdowns and became 
UCLA’s career TD leader. 

No. 25 Arizona State 13, Oregon State 
io In Corvallis. Oregon, Robert Nycz 
kicked two second -ha If field goals and 
Arizona State (3-1, 1-0 Pac-IO) sur- 



Jr-huC. HillaviUnom 

A puck of Michigan's offensive linemen celebrating as the clock runs out 
in the fourth quarter of the Wolverines’ 21-14 victory over Notre Dame. 


vived 14 penalties to prevail against 
Oregon State. 

Colgate 44, Comal 1 38 Ryan Vena, the 
Colgate quarterback, ran nine yards for 
an overtime touchdown to earn bis team 
a victory at ComelL 

Cornell (1-1) evened the score with 
24 seconds left in regulation rime when 
Scon Carroll threw a seven-yard touch- 
down pass to Eric Krawzyck. The Big 
Red then had a chance to win in over- 
time, but John McCombs missed a field- 
goal from 42 yards. 

Priocoton 9, Fordham 7 AJex Sierk 
kicked a 42-vard field goal to give Prince- 
ton a victoiy over visiting Fordham. 

Sierk was 3 for 3, making him the 
only perfect pan of a shaky first victory 
of the season for Princeton (1-1). The 
Tigers turned the bail over four times. 

The Rams (2-2) could have topped the 
two-victory mark forjust the second time 
since joining Division 1-AA in 1989. 

Dartmouth 35, Hedy Cross 6 Pete 
Sellers, the Dartmouth quarterback, 
fired three touchdown passes as the Big 
Green beat Holy Cross. 

Dartmouth (2-0) took advantage of 
penalties and turnovers by the Cru- 
saders to win its 19th consecutive game. 
Holy Cross fell to 1-2. 

Harvard 39, La high 30 Harvard ( 1-0) 
took a 35-6 lead at Lehigh, then with- 
stood a 24-point fourth quarter rally by 
the Engineers to bold on for the victory. 
Down 35-6 at the end of three quarters, 
Lehigh ( 1 -1 ) scored four touchdowns in 
less than 10 minutes. 

Brawn 35, Lafaystts 27 James Perry, 
the Brown quarterback, recovered from 
three third -quarter interceptions to con- 
nect for two fourth-quarter touchdowns 
and lead Brown over Lafayette. 

On Confederate Turf, 
A Flap Over a Flag 

The Associated Press 

OXFORD, Mississippi — Despite a 
plea from Tommy Tuberville, the Uni- 
versity of Mississippi’s football coach. 
Confederate flags flew in the students’ 
cheering section for the Rebels’ home- 
coming game — a 15-3 victory over 
Vanderbilt. 

Students waved the stars and bars on 
Saturday and wore hats and shirts bear- 
ing die nag. Some female students wore 
skirts in the design of the flag. 

‘ 'It is up to the student body to decide 
— it is not up to the chancellor, the 
football coach or a dictator," said Greg 
Brown, a graduate student, as he and a 
female companion entered the student 
section carrying several Confederate 
flags. Coaches at several southern 
schools have said the flag hampers the 
recruitment of black athletes. - 

Tim Jumper, a former Mississippi 
basketball player who is black, said the 
flag “really hurts the schooL" 




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PAGE 20 


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Alex Zulie winning the three- 
week Vuelta race on Sunday. 


Zuelle Wins Vuelta 


CYCUNG Alex Zuelle, riding 
for die Spanish Once team, won 
the Tour of Spain on Sunday for 
the second consecutive year. It 
was the fifth Swiss triumph in the 
Vuelta in the last six. years. 

Zuelle Finished the 22-day tour 
five minutes and seven seconds 
ahead of Spain's Fernando Es- 
cartin with the Swiss Laurent Du- 
faux third, 6:1 1 in arrears. 

It was the fastest of 52 tours, 
averaging more than 4! kilome- 
ters (24.5 miles! an hour. 

The final stage over 14S.5 ki- 
lometers through the suburbs of 
Madrid was won by Max van 
Heeswijk in a finish on the 
boulevard outside Real Madrid 
soccer stadium. 

The Dutchman broke clear in 
the last kilometer to hold off a late 
charge by the Czech Jan Svorada, 
who was second ahead of the Ger- 
man Marcel Wust. (Reiners) 


Sampras Crushes Rafter 


tennis Pete Sampras crushed 
Patrick- Rafter, the U.S. Open 
champion, in straight sets Sunday 
in the final of the Grand Slam 


Sampras secured the prize of $2 
million with a fine display of at- 
tacking tennis to beat Rafter. 6-2. 
6-4, 7-5, in a one-sided final that 
lasted 95 minutes. 


Sampras, the Australian Open 
id Wimbledon champion, col- 


lected SI .5 million for his victory 
and a S500.000 bonus for his two 
grand slam triumphs. 

Rafter, making his debut in the 
tournament for the top performers 
in all four grand slams, earned SI 
million — S750.000 for appearing 
in the final and $250,000 for win- 
ning the U.S. Open. 

• Jana Novotna, the world's 
second-ranked player, beat 
Amanda Coetzer of South Africa 
in three hard-fought sets to win the 
Leipzig Open for the second 
time. 

Coetzer had knocked out top- 
ranked Martina Hingis in the 
semifinals of the S450,000 tour- 
nament, handing the Swiss teen- 
ager only her third loss this year. 

Novotna beat Coetzer, ranked 
fourth in the world, 6-2, 4-6, 6-3, 
in just under two hours. 

(Reuters, API 


India Folds in Pakistan 


cricket Aqib Javed, a 
Pakistan pace bowler, took four 
wickets in eight balls Sunday as 
India collapsed to 170 all out in a 
one-day international in Is- 
lamabad. Pakistan then cruised to 
a five-wicket victory. 

The Indians batted first and 
were well placed at 166 runs for 
four wickets before collapsing. 

Pakistan romped home in 44.3 
overs after opening batsmen 
Saeed Anwar and Shahid Afridi 
laid the foundation of victory with 
a partnership of 70 from 78 
balls. (Reuters) 


Kcralb^^^ribunc. 

Sports 


MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1997 




Villeneuve Wins as Sibling Rivalry Dooms Schumacher 


The Associated Press 

NURBURGRING, Germany — 
Jacques Villeneuve benefited from the 
failings of others as he captured the 
Luxembourg Grand Prix and seized the 
lead in the Formula One standings on 
Sunday. 

Michael Schumacher, who started the 
day at the top of the drivers' rankings, 
collided with his brother, Ralf, on the 
first lap. Both had to abandon the race. 

Mika Hakkinen of Finland, who had 
started from the first pole position of his 
94-race career, seemed headed for an 
easy victory on his 29th birthday. But 
the engine of his McLaren-Mercedes 
gave out on lap 43, giving Villeneuve 
the lead. 

Hakkinen was leading by nearly 18 
seconds when he pulled off the track just 
one lap after his McLaren teammate, 
David Coulthard, had blown his engine 
at the same spot 

“I couldn't have caught the McLar- 
ens. they were flying,” Villeneuve 
said. 

The Canadian steered his Williams- 
Renault to his seventh victory of the 
season and a 9-point lead over Schu- 
macher with two races left Villeneuve 
slowed down in the last lap but still 
finished nearly 12 seconds ahead of 
Jean Aiesi of France, who drove a Be- 
netton -Renault. 

Heinz-Harald Frentzen of Germany, 
in the second Williams-Renault, was 


CUP: 


Europe Keeps Ryder 


Continued from Page 1 


ed having his way. 
“I don’t think I < 


were especially disappointed in theplay 
of their young major champions. Tiger 
Woods, Justin Leonard and Davis Love 
HI. Altogether, they played in 13 
matches and won just one of them, losing 
nine. Love, who won the PGA Cham- 
pionship last month, lost all three of his 
doubles matches Friday and Saturday 
and lost again in the singles Sunday. 

“For me to get only l‘/5 points out of 
five is very disappointing, ’ ' said Woods, 
21, who won his opening match in the 


third for the fourth race in a row. 

‘T was hearing strange noises in the 
car, so I didn't want to risk anything," 
Villeneuve said. 

“Now all I have to do is stay ahead of 
Michael.” 

Aiesi had battled to the front after 
starting 1 0th, while Frentzen, who start- 
ed third, had fallen to 13th early on. 

“I was dropping behind, 1 didn’t 
know why, then I saw that the ignition 
switch was off. I managed to get it on 
again,” said Frentzen, the only one of 
the three German drivers to finish the 


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race. 

Gerhard Berger of Austria, in the 
second Benetton-Renault, was fourth, 
giving the Renault engines the top four 
places. 

Michael Coulthard, in his McLaren, 
had a blazing start to zoom from sixth to 
second before he was forced to puli 
up. 

It was also the third race in a row in 
which Hakkinen’s victory hopes were 
blown by engine problems. 

Michael Schumacher's 100th Grand 
Prix ended in disappointment wheat he 
was pushed off the course by his young- 
er brother, Ralf. Coming off the start 
straight, Michael Schumacher was 
sandwiched between the two Jordan - 
Peugeot cars, one driven by Ralf, and 
the other by Giancarlo Fisichella of 
Italy. 

Going into the curve, Fisichella and 



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Michael Schumacher’s Ferrari spinning off course Sunday after a collision with his brother's Jordan-Peugeot 


1 

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Ralf Schumacher touched, sending 
RalTs car flying over the right front 
wheel of Michael Schumacher's Fer- 
rari. Michael returned to the track from 
the gravel, but went into the pit after the 
second lap and never came back. The 


two Jordan cars also were forced to 
stop. 


total of 305 kilometers (189 miles}, in 
one hour, 31 minutes, 27.84 seconds. 


.. >: 
" - 


Ferrari lost its second car when Eddi clocking an average speed of 200.232 
Irvine pulled up on lap 23 while in 10th kilometers (126 miles) per hour. s . 


place. 

Villeneuve covered the 67 laps — a 


Only 10 cars of die 22 finished jje 
race. 


o ... - 


unique pressures created when indi- 
viduals play for their country or con- 
tinent, with no prize money involved. 

The Americans will spend the next two 
years trying to work out tow they lost 
lost, but then they never have understood 
Severiano Ballesteros, Europe's non- 
playing captain, and they probably never 
will. The 40-year-old Spaniard was in- 
volved in all sorts of ways. 

- The three-day tournament was played 
in his country for the first time, on the 
Valderrama course he helped redesign. 

The senior players on die team had 
learnt from Ballesteros how to beat the 
Americans. At the end of doubles play 
Sunday morning, Europe had seized the 
enormous advantage of a 1016-5V6 lead. 

Over the closing holes of singles play 
Europe held on barely, as if no longer 
hearing their captain’s words but trying 
to relive his actions, which included win- 
ning the British Open with a shot from 
parking lot and other such escapes. 

When Bernhard Longer of Germany 
won his match, 2 and 1, after Brad 
Faxon missed a putt for birdie on the 
17th hole, the Europeans had the 14 
points necessary for the draw they 
needed to keep the cup. But Ballesteros 
wanted victory, and on die 18th hole of 
the final match he took it 

This probably should have been 
Colin Montgomerie’s duty, but Balles- 
teros didn’t want to wait. He strode onto 
die green and conceded a long par putt to 
Montgomerie’s opponent, Scott Hoch, 
halving their match and finishing off 
Europe's 1416-13^ victory. 

Europe has won or retained the Ryder 
Cup five of the last seven times. Over 
the preceding 56 years, the United 
States owned the cup all but three times 
— but that was before Ballesteros start- 





U.S. Players 
Knew They 
NeededHelp 


kjian Mo 


By Ian Thomsen 

Intemadarul Herald Tribune 


SOTOGRANDE, Spain — The 
Americans went to their beds Saturday 
night realizing that only a miracle would 
save them Sunday morning. Thor ex- 
pressions betrayed any of their 
faith. . ■ ■ : V 

The Ryder Cup was decided ife laj 
morning when Tom Kite, the U& noo- ^ 
playing captain, sent out his best p^; z 
mgs — a day too late, as it raroedontrBy - 
then, the Europeans’ confidence was. 
already established. FeUowm&^delay 
by rain, they won sixof seven potQts'to 
take a 9-4' lead into Sunday morning, 
when three leftover doubles matches 
still had to be completed.' 

The UnitedStales went on tosptittfe. 

remaining three points Sunday nwroing - 

as Tiger Woods and Justin Leonard 
halved their fbursonKS (altemaC&-sbo!) 
match with Jespier Fainevik of Sweden; 
who had tost tito British Open to fe- 
onard in July, and the h^tofore rar- 
heand-of Ignacio Ganido of Spain. Giv- 
en the chance to take the lead at J7 r 








0 , 7 . 


langua; 


•: ASAr.T* — 


^nr.rnu'rnw 

Two members of Europe's Ryder Cup team, Costantino Rocca. left, and Jose Maria Olazabal, celebrating. 


Woods ran a long eagle putt 15 feettoo- 
far and Leonard failed as well. 


•i- - . . 


fourballs with Mark O'Meara on Friday 
morning and didn't win again. “I just 
couldn’t get any momentum going. To 
be honest, f felt so much pressure out 
there. I felt it on the first day. Z felt it 
again on the second day and even more 
today. I have fell it so much all week. U 


is so hard to play for the Ryder Cup 
when you're playing for your country as 


“I don’t think I can have anymore,” 
said Ballesteros, who became the first 
European to win Ryder Cups as both a 
player and captain. He said he would not 
captain Europe at the next Ryder Cup in 
Boston in 1999, even though he has 
revolutionized the position. “I’ve won 
the British Open, the Masters, a lot of 
tournaments around the world, but 
there’s nothing like this,” he said. 

Virtually every European played well, 
most notably Colin Montgomerie, 
Bernhard Langer, Jose Maria Olazabal 
and Costantino Rocca. The Americans 


when you’re playing for your country as 
well as yourself.” 

Tom Kite, the U.S. non-playing cap- 
tain, said he should have “requested a 


little stronger” that all of his players 
attend a practice session at Valderrama 


attena a practice session at vaiaerrama 
in July. The host team had been superior 


around the greens, he said, because they 
were so well acquainted with the narrow 
course on the Costa del SoL the site for 
the European Masters each season. 

“I don't think that local knowledge 
made the difference,” Ballesteros said. 
“I honestly don't think the American 
team lost the Ryder Cup. I think the 
European team won.” 

Kite is sure to face criticism back 
home for ceding the initiative to Balles- 
teros over the first two days of doubles 
play. Ballesteros had a plan and he saw 
ir through like a contractor, driving his 
cart from site to site, predicting trouble 
and arriving on the scene in time to solve 
it. Kite will be remembered, and not 
unfairly, for giving Michael Jordan a lift 
around the course on Saturday. 

If the Americans are going to be un- 
happy about Kite 's failure to motivate his 


players, then the blame should go entirely 
to the PGA of America for giving him the 
responsibility almost two years ago. Kite 
has never been the inspirational type. 

In hindsight, a telling moment came 
during practice last Wednesday when a 
U.S. foursome arrived at the fearsome 
17th, where Tiger Woods took to copying 
Phil Mickelson's flop shots and Mick- 
elson hit a chip from a steep hill straight 
up over his head, landing it on the green 
directly behind him. Then, behind them, 
came four Europeans who 'provided no 
such entertainment for the gallery. The 
Europeans were playing a serious match 
against each other and that was Seve’s 
doing. Two days before the tournament, 
and they were concentrating already. 

Ballesteros was unquestionably the 
boss, and as of Friday morning he was 
fighting for every point as if it were 
Sunday afternoon. He put together his 
strongest reams as often as he could, 
forcing the best players — Nick Faldo, 
Langer, Montgomerie, Olazabal and 
Jesper Pamevik — to take on a sense of 
responsibility for the entire team. 

No one let him down. As soon as any 
of his troops appeared to be breaking 
down, Ballesteros seemed to drive up in 
his cart like a handy roadside mechanic. 
He permitted them no chance to feel 
sorry for themselves. He focused them 
on malting the most from every shot, and 
players such as Ignacio Ganido of Spain 
(who halved all three of his doubles 


matches). Darren Clarke of Northern 
Ireland (who won his fourballs with 
Montgomerie) and Thomas Bjorn of 
Denmark (who won his fourballs with 
Jan W oosnam), did more with their 
chances than they have all year on the 
relatively meek European Tour. 

The .Americans may have been lacking 
in interpersonal skills, resulting in their 
five-point deficit: at the end of doubles 
play. But when they were sent out as a 
team of 12 individuals on Sunday, af- 
ternoon there was little slopping them. 

The first four singles matches were 
divided hopscotch. Couples, in the 
opening match, went 7-under for an 8- 
and-7 beating of Woosnam, who re- 


far and Leonard failed as well. 

Saturday amounted to a coronation 
for Nick Faldo, the 40-year-old ’Eng- . 
lishman who had apparently lost Ms 
way on the U.S. Tour this summer. He • 
and his countryman rookie, Lee West- 
wood, finished off their suspended 
foursomes match in the morning; then 
went out again and beat Woods and 
Mark O ’Meara. 2 and 1 , in the fourballs. 
By then, Faldo had become the leading U 


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scorer in Ryder Cup histoiy with 24 *■ 
points, a half-point better than the re- 


-A 


mains winless in Ryder Cup singles, handling c 
O’Meara beat Pamevik, 5 ana 4. who harin 


Crucially, the top Americans, Love 
id Woods, were beaten by Per-Ulrik 


and Woods, were beaten by Per-Ulrik 
Johansson of Sweden (3 and 2) and by 
Rocca (4 and 2J. When he was Woods's 
age, Rocca was working in a factory. 

Never mind their problems over the 
first two days. If Love and Woods had 
just won their singles matches, the 
Americans would have been on a run. 
Instead, Rocca, who was blamed for 
missing a putt that led to Europe’s loss 
in 1993, finished with three victories 
from his four matches. 

Europe was leading by 12V6-7V*. But 
the scoreboards 'round rfae course were 
being dominated by the Americans, 
who were leading six matches. 


points, a half-point better than the re- 
cord of America’s BUly Casper. 

Faldo owns or shares 10 Ryder Cup 
records, including the most appear- 
ances: 11 in a row dating back to his 
debut 20 years ago. Crucial to thrlop- 
sided European victory was Faldo’s 
handling of Westwood, the 24-year-old 
who hadn’t won on the European Tour 
this. year. Faldo carried him entirely 
over the last 12 holes of their opening 
fourballs on Friday before losing to Fred 
Couples and Brad Faxon on the 18th, 
bur men Westwood lived up to his du ties 
while continuing to partner Faldo aver 
the next three rounds. 

Altogether Saturday, the U.S.- teams _ 
of Fred Couples and Davis Love HL $1: 
Justin Leonard and Brad Faxon. Tiger * 
Woods and Mark O’Meara, and Phil 
Mickelson and Tom Lehman were able 
to earn a half-point from their fourballs 
matches. In three of them, they were 
leading at the cum. In three of them, they 
were 5-under par or better, and still 
lost. 


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