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PAGE 3 



The flfrrid’s Daily Newspaper 


" ;£V 

Almost Normal in Hong Kong 


S'-' 


London, Tuesday, September 30, 1997 






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By Alan Friedman 

• . . ’ • - International Herald Tribune 

" HONG KONG — - Tourism may be down sharply, 
’and dtflge* of political gerrymandering on the rise, 
^ hot its ftr as much of the business community in this 
Oriental bulwark of capitalism is concerned, little has 
really changed here. 

■ ThrWJJBMidis after Britain handed control of Hong 
Kong back to C hin a, signs of oven political repression 

pr mediacensoisbip are hard to detecL 

■ The Ptople’s Liberation Army is housed in the 

Prince of Wales Building, the former British military 
headquarters in the Central business district The name 
of the in hnge lettering, remains intact, and 

locals say they rarely see soldiers venturing into the 
s t r eet s . - 

Although a recent report by the New York-based 
Committee to Protect Journalists alleged that self- 
censorship was growing in Hong Kong newspapers 
owned by powerful business leaders with close eco- 
nomic ties to China, the report also acknowledged that 
even the most critical dailies had continued to be 
published without “overt reprisals.” 

' “My perception is that it is business as usual here." 

t «»irf John Strickland, chairman of Hongkong & Shang- 

*4i* hai Banking Com. . 

~ Mr. Strickland and other executives interviewed for 


this article shrugged off protests from pro-deraocracy 
campaigners that the administration of Hong Kong's 
chief executive, Tung Chee-hwa, aims to shut them out 
or minimize their role in an election next year that will 
be the first since Hong Kong’s return to Chinese 
rule. 

The opposition Democratic Party, led by Martin 
Lee, is fuming about plans for the legislation election 
next May on the grounds that it will curtail democracy 
and disenfranchise about 2 million voters. Mr. Lee and 
his colleagues say it is patently unfair for an unelected 
provisional Parliament to make the rules for next 
year's election and to do so in a manner they say is 
designed to reduce their role in the legislature. 

Business executives respond bluntly that what in- 
terests them most is that the overall economy is 




from 4.9 percent last year. 

With mainland China set for a new round of eco- 
nomic reforms, the Hang Seng stock market index 
riding high and the Hong Kong dollar remaining 
strong, this former crown colony continues to attract 
capital. It has in fact become a safe haven in recent 
weeks for investors streaming out of Thailand, Malay - 

See HONG KONG, Page 8 


NEW MISSILE — An Indian-built satellite 
carrier heading for orbit Monday. Page 2. 


new They 

ppaed ffeljj 


Russian Mobs Form Potent Alliances in West 


By Douglas Farah 

' Wuhbtgmn Post Service 


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J MIAMI — Russian organized crime groups, flush 

■ wife dollars, are fanning alliances with Colombian drug 
. traffickers in the Caribbean, acquiring cocaine for de- 

enforement officials 

; from the United States, Europe and Latin America. 

■ : In interviews in Miami, New York, Puerto Rico and 
Colombia, law enforcement officials and specialists 

. -on Russian crime cautioned that the growing number 
of alliances between Russian and Colombian criminal 


- tar prganizationi it the most dangerous trend in drug combat helicopters, along wi 
- --^oul 6^ 1 BtaMgto in. the hemisphere. General Bany Me- sold to Colombian orgamzati 
..“fascf s: Caflrey, the CUntofl administration's national drug- Access to surface-to-air rr 


policy director, said, “The Russians, along 


with the Nigerians, are the most threatening c riminal 
organizations based in the United Stares." 

This is because, according to General McCaffrey 
and others, the Russian organizations offer drug car- 
tels access to sophisticated weapons that previously 
were beyond their reach. The Russians also provide 
access to new drug markets in Russia and other former 
Soviet republics at a time when consumption is falling 
in the United Stales. 

The sources said recent undercover operations had 
detected attempts by Russian groups to sell Colombian 
drug traffickers a submarine, helicopters and surface- 
to-air missiles. Officials said that at least two Russian 
combat helicopters, along with small arms, had been 
sold to Colombian organizations. 

Access to surface-to-air missiles would give traf- 
fickers on effective method of attacking helicopters, 


iOntroller: Lontirm lumii 


low* / 


Language Mix-Up Led to Jet Crash in Sumatra 


■ \ . The Associated Press 
JAKARTA — In a fatal landii 
inroadi that was to take the lives 




234 people aboard an Airbus jetliner, 
the pilot of the plane and the control 
tower rmscommunicatcd over which 
way to turn as the plane neared the 
airport on Sumatra, according to a tran- 
script of the conversation. 

The last 90 seconds of the conver- 
sation, which was in English, showed 
repeated misunderstandings about 
which direction the pilot was turning 
and what the air traffic controller was 
telling him, according to the transcript 
obtained by The Associated Press. 

Although haze may have been a 
factor, the authorities nave not deter- 
mined the cause of the crash, which 
kiiledall 234 aboard the Garuda jet. It 
was Indonesia’s worst air tragedy 
ever. - 

The final words of the conversation 
were a scream by the pilot, Rachmo 
Wiyogo, in Arabic, his religious lan- 
guage. 

The transcript included the follow- 
ing exchange between the pilot, ‘ 'GIA 
152," and the air traffic controller: 

Air traffic controller. GIA 152 tom 
ri ght heading 046 report established 
localizer. [The controller’s command 
means that the plane should align itself 
with the localizer, the radio beam from 
die runway that indicates the runway’s 




location,] 
Pilot: Turn 


Pilot: Turn right heading 040 GIA 
152 check established. 

Air traffic controller. Turning right 
sir. 

Pilot: Roger 152. 

Air traffic controller: 152 Confirm 


X Hll«ihlnm/ftr ft it Mdilwl ftwi 

Workers shoveling dirt Monday at the mass grave of 48 unidentified victims of the Garuda Airlines crash. 


you’re making turning left now. 

Pilot: We are turning right now. 

Air traffic controller 152 O.K., you 
continue turning left now. 


Pilot: A [pause] confirm turning left? 
We are starting turning right now. 

Air traffic controller: OJC [pause] 
OX 


Air traffic controller: GIA 152 con- 
tinue turn right heading 015. 

Pilot: [Screaming] AUahu akbar! 
[God is great]. 


Author of Diana Tell- All Book Calls Her the Source 


By Warren Hoge 

New York Times Senbt 

: LONDON — The principal sepw of tire 1992 book 
!‘Diana. Her True Story' r disflte«fli details efthe 
Princess of Wales's unhappy marriage to Prmee 
Charles and her troubled refeuens with fee royal 
% family was Diana herself, fee author, Andrew Morton, 
- n said Mosday. 

" According to Mr, Morton, sho gave six lengthy 
interviews m her Kensington Palace apartments, 
provided photos and captions from her family s al- 
bum, read the manuscript arid made revisions m her 


Hra a aa t a nd grtcao 


Bahrain 1.000 BO Malta. £Sc 

Cyprus C £ 1.00 Nigeria-. .12600 Naira 

Denmark .....1400 DKr Oman 1.250 OR 

Finland 12.00 FM Qatar 1000 OR 

flftmM qr e ojBS Rep. Iretand-.IR £ 1.00 
Great Britain.. „£ 090 Saudi Arabia —.10 SR 

Egypt. JEE 5E0 8. Africa— R12 + VAT 

Jordan 1.250 JD UAE. 10.00 Dh 

Kenya _ jc SR 160 U.S. MS. (EUrJ-SliO 
Kuwait— 700 Fte Zlmb*iw..,..ZSmmOO 


own handwriting, personally approved every page of 
the book and Refected the Patrick Dcmarcholier photo 
fra* the cover. 

At the time of publication, Diana de n i ed that sho had 
been a source for fee book but let U be known that she 
was not angry at friends of hers who were sold to have 
cooperated; Mr, Merton sold Monday feat tho friends 
had agreed to provide cover for her so feat Buck- 
ingham Palace could not aceuM hor of having supplied 
fee damaging Information. 

Mr. Morton made Ms disclosure in a forward to a 
new version of the book being rushed out this week, 
with the revised title “Diana, Her Tree Story — In Her 


Own Words." Mr. Morton, 44, a former newspa- 
perman, has already made £4.5 million ($7.3 million) 
from tho book. The forward is boing published by The 
Times of London. 

Mr, Morton told The Times that be was making 
Diana’s involvement Imown now “as a matter or 
historical record," and did not discuss whether the 
action broke any pledges of confidentially. Ho alluded 
only in pawing to tho fact that the competition in books 
about the princess has become intense in tho four 
weeks since her death in a car crash in Paris. 


See DIANA, Page 8 


AGENDA 


Party Keeps Blair Aide Off Ruling Body Jo ^ Boo ^ s ^ ReinUidiflg 


1 '- £ 


BRIGHTON, England (Reuters) — 
Prime Minister Tony Blair was dealt a 
setback Monday when one of his closest 
ai des failed to win a seat on the Labour 
Party 's ruling National Executive Com- 
mittee at fee party conference. 

Peter Mandelson, Mr. Blair's min- 
ister without portfolio in fee cabinet, 
came in eighth in the election for seven 


seats representing local Labour Party 
constituencies on the 29-member body. 


cellor of the Exchequer, Gordon 
Brown, had managed to win electio n to 
the committee on the first attempt. 

Mr. Blair is facing revolts by left- 
wingers over union policy. Page 5. 


Books Page 11. 

Crossword Page 18. 

Opinion Pages 10-11. 

Sports Pages 24-25. 

Bpemorwd Sactkm Pagoa 13-15. 

WORLD WATER 


The IMT uii-iine vv.vvv.ihl com 


No. 35.639 



France Warns U.S. 
Not to Retaliate 
For Iran Gas Deal 

Paris Throws Down the Gauntlet 
Over Firm’s $2 Billion Contract 


which law enforcement agencies use to move troops 
quickly to attack cocaine and heroin laboratories in 
hard-to-reach jungle outposts. Armored helicopters 
would give traffickers a more secure means of trans- 
porting drugs and thwarting raids. 

While Russian organized crime groups have been 
active in die United States for two decades, only 
recently have they become involved in drug traf- 
ficking and money laundering in this hemisphere. In 
the past, the Russians have been linked to kidnapping, 
extortion, prostitution and gambling. 

“We have identified a number of Russian orga- 
nizations in the Caribbean and see a dramatic increase 
In feeir Investments in hotels and gambling,' ' said Felix 
Jimenez, the Drug Enforcement Administration's spe- 

See DRUGS, Page 8 


By Roger Cohen 

Sew York Times Sen-ice 

PARIS — France warned fee United 
States on Monday not to retaliate over a 
$2 billion contract signed with Iran by a 
leading French oil company, but the 
Clinton administration vowed to “take 
whatever action is appropriate under the 
law.” 

The U.S. Congress passed a law last 
year, the Iran-Libya sanctions act, that 
exposes any company that invests more 
than S40 million in Iran to sanctions. At a 
time when the Clinton administration has 
hut expressed concern at what it sees as 
Tehran's efforts to build nuclear weap- 
ons and ballistic missiles to cany them, 
the French decision to pour money into 
the country is particularly sensitive. 

The contract was signed Sunday de- 
spite a formal protest delivered last 
week to the French foreign minister, 
Hubert Vedrine, by the American am- 
bassador to France, Felix Rohatyn, of- 
ficials said. 

Defending the contract signed by 
Total wife the National Iranian Ou 
Company, Jacques Rummelhardt, a For- 
eign Ministry spokesman, said Monday 
that it was ‘ ‘compatible wife our policy 
toward Iran." He described that policy 
as one based on frank political exchange 
and fee conviction tost “it is counter- 
productive to impose restrictions on the 
development of commerce wife Iran.” 

Mr. Rummelhardt added: “Prance 
hopes that the American administration 
will carefully weigh the consequences" 
of applying the sanctions ocl He did not 
say what those consequences might be. 

A spokesman for the European union 
in Brussels said any American retaliation 
would be “illegal and unacceptable." 

The comments underscored the di- 
vergence between Europe and the 
United States over how to approach Iran. 
They also revealed the recurrent French 
irritation — intermittently shared by 
other European states — at what is 
sometimes seen as an American attempt 
to impose policies, rather than consult its 
partners, in the post-Cold War world. 

In Washington, Christopher Bush, a 
State Department spokesman, said fee 
United States intended to apply the law 
fully. "Our position on any investments 
in Iranian gas and oil fields is clear," he 
said. “Sucli investment makes more 
resources available for Iran to use in 
supporting terrorism and pursuing mis- 
siles and nuclear weapons. ' ' 

Officials, speaking cm condition of 
anonymity, said Stuart Eizenstat, tho un- 
dersecretary of state for economics, was 
likely to come to Paris soon to express 
fee Clinton administration's irritation. 


It was also probable that President 
Bill Clinton or Secretary of State 
Madeleine Albright would speak to 
President Jacques Chirac. 

Total, a private company in which the 
French state once held a large stake, and 
even today has a small holding, last 
week sold its largest American unit. 
Total Petrol North America, to Ultramar 
Diamond Shamrock Corp. in exchange 
for an 8 percent stake. 

Thomas Fell, a spokesman for Total, 

See IRAN, Page 8 


French Ready 
To Raise the 
Final Curtain 
On Vichy Era 


By Charles Trueheart 

Washington Post Service 

PARIS — In a belated gesture of 
contrition, the Roman Catholic Church 
in France will repent on Tuesday its 57 
years of official near-silence on fee ar- 
rest and deportation by French author- 
ities of more than 75,000 Jews during 
the German occupation of World War 

n. 


fore a railroad freight car feat serves as a 
memorial in fee Paris suburb of Drancy, 
a site still notorious as the main in- 
ternment center and departure point for 
convoys bound for death camps to the 
east. 

President Jacques Chirac made fee 
secular equivalent of fee church’s apo- 
logy two years ago. But as France tries 
to close the books on an anguishing era, 
it cannot 

To fee contrary, October marks the 
opening of a new season of tortured 
remembrance for fee French people, 
families of wartime victims and feeir 
persecutors alike. 

Next week, the first and probably the 
last trial of a high-ranking official of the 
compliant wartime French government 
will open in Bordeaux. By fee evidence 
of fee debate that has preceded it, fee 

See FRANCE, Page 8 


Singapore Official Wins 
Reduced Libel Damages 


sought from Joshua Jevaretnam, 71 , the 
leader of fee Workers 1 Party, who also 
was ordered to pay only 60 percent of 


Reuters 

SINGAPORE — Prime Minister 
Goh Chok Tong of Singapore won a 
libel suit against an opposition leader 
Monday and was awarded 20,000 
Singapore dollars in damages. 

The award, equivalent to $13,000, 
was one-tenth of what Mr. Goh had 
sought from Joshua Jevaretnam, 71 , the 
leader of fee Workers' Party, who also 
was ordered to pay only 60 percent of 
the legal costs. 

Justice S. Rajendran said Mr. Gob's 
lawyers had overstated their case and 
criticized them for refusing to cut costs 
by reducing the number of lawyers in- 
volved in fee trial 

Mr. Jeyaremam said in an interview 
feat he was disappointed by the verdict, 
issued a month after the trial ended, but 
had not yet decided whether to appeal. 

Mr. uoh and 10 fellow leaders of tho 
governing People's Action Party 
brought eight cases of libel against Mr, 
Jeyaremam. Mr, Goh’s was taken as a 
tost feai would determine fee rulings in 
them all. There will now bo bearings in 
fee othors about damages. 

Justice R^endran said in a 142-page 
verdict that Mr. Jeyaremam had de- 
famed Mr. Goh by announcing to a 
political rally that a Workers’ Party col- 


The Dollar 


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league had filed a police report against 
the prime minister. 

He said the statement gave a “broad, 
negative impression" because it sug- 
gested that Mr. Goh might have done 
something wrong. The justice said there 
was defamation by innuendo become 
Mr. Jeyaremam’s audience would have 
known fee content of the police report. 

Lawyers fix' Mr. Goh, who called Mr. 
Jeyaretnam’s announcement a "Molotov 
cocktail" timed for maximum effect on 
the eve of elections Jan. 2. had demanded 
200,000 dollars in total damages. 

But Mr. Rhjendran questioned some 
of the claims made on Mr. Goh’s behalf. 
“The plaintiff’s case had, in short, been 
overstated," fee judge said. 

Both sides brought in libel lawyers 
from London to argue their cases in a 
widely publicized trial feat was mon- 
itored by international human-rights 
bodies. They said they were concerned 
feat Singapore's leadership was using 
fee courts to crush opposition. 

Mr. Ooh and fee other governing 
party leaden rejected such accusations, 
saying they bad sued to preserve feo 
integrity critical to their ability to gov- 
ern. Mr. Rqfendran said in his ruling feat 

See LIBEL, Page 9 


Mideast Negotiations 
Resume Next Week 

NEW YORK (Reuters) — Israeli 
and Palestinian negotiating committees 
will resume work next week, Secretary 
of State Madeleine Albright said Mon- 
day. Mrs. Albright announced fee 
agreement for fee resumption of talks 
after meeting here wife fee Israeli for- 
eign minister, David Levy, and the Pal- 
estinian negotiator, Mahmoud Abbas. 

Earlier article, Page 2. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER SO, 1997 

PAGE TWO 




Up From the Ashes /The Doomsday Sec* 


Aum Shinrikyo Rebuilds 
Its Following in Japan 


By Kevin Sullivan 

Washington Post Service 


T OKYO — Two-and-a-half years after 
the worst act of terrorism in Japanese 
history — a poison-gas attack on the 
Tokyo subway that killed 12 people and 
injured more than 5,500 others — the religious 
sect charged with carrying out the attack is still 
active and rebuilding its following. 

At least 1,000 people, and perhaps twice that 
many, belong to Aum Shinrikyo and continue 
their devotion to its self-proclaimed guru, Shoko 
Asahara, who is in prison and on trial for mass 
murder in the subway attack. 

The half-blind, bearded guru, who claims to 
be Jesus, is also charged in a series of other gas 
attacks and murders that the police say constitute 
modern Japan’s worst crime spree. 

Even with Mr. Asahara behind bars and facing 
a nearly certain death sentence, his followers 
worship him. They live in communal dorm- 
itories decorated with his photos, meditate to 
recordings of his voice and study videotapes and 
books ofhis speeches and doctrine. 

The authorities say that of the 427 Aum Shin- 
rikyo members arrested after the gas attack, 138 
have rejoined the sect, many after serving prison 
terms. Aum is actively recruiting new members, 
through Internet home pages in Japanese and 
Russian, through sidewalk solicitations of 
strangers and, in at least one case, by passing out 
leaflets in a busy train station. 

The Japanese government revoked Aum’s 
status as a religious corporation last year and 
forced it into bankruptcy, seizing land and other 
assets valued at tens of millions of dollars. But 
the sect is once again operating profitable busi- 
nesses selling computers, bread and other things. 
Aum is probably the most hated group in Japan, 
so it keeps its activities quiet, and awareness that 
ir is still active is not widespread. 

Almost no one believes the group is capable of 
its former violence. Public pressure, prosecutions 
and defections have cut hs membership from a 
high of around 10.000 people. Aum no longer has 
its massive financial assets, which were esti- 
mated at S300 million or more. And the police say 


they are watching its members’ every move. 


Jut the fact that the doomsday sect has sur- 


vived despite the crackdown by the police and 
the government’s seizure of its assets — in- 
cluding Aum’s sprawling main compound near 
Mount Fuji and canisters of VX nerve gas — has 
caused deep embarrassment and frustration 
among some Japanese officials. Some see 
Aum’s survival as evidence of the extent of Mr. 
Asahara’s brainwashing; others say die lost 
souls attracted to his sea simply have nowhere 
else to go, 

“It’s really unbelievable for us,” said Akio 
Kanazawa, a top official of the Public Security 
Investigation Agency, a government body that 
monitors Aum’s activities. 

Several sect members who agreed recently to 
be interviewed professed their unyieldi ng de- 
votion to Mr. Asahara. They were interviewed at 
an Aum apartment in suburban Yokohama, 
south of Tokyo, in a room partially lined with 
metal foil to “keep out electromagnetic 
waves,” 


T HE SECT members sat barefoot in the 
lotus position in white prayer robes, 
beneath a large photo of Mr. Asahara. 
One side of the room was dedicated to 
an altar draped in purple cloth, decorated with 
incense burners and vases of roses beneath 
framed photos of Mr. Asahara’s two young sons. 
For more than three hoars, a tape of Mr. Asahara 
chanting mantras played in the background. 

The sect members said hundreds of Aum 
“monks” and “nuns” still spend several hours a 
day wearing the Perfect Salvation cap, a head- 
piece made of leather straps and electrodes at- 
tached to a six-volt battery. One cultist had two 
severe bums on his forehead caused by the jolts 
from his cap. But he said he and others wear the 
device to receive and understand Mr. Asahara 's 
brain waves. 

“Our believers are sharing a quiet, decent 
life.” said Hiroshi Araki, 29, the sect's chief 
spokesman. 

Mr. Asahara, who claims to be able ft) levitate 


and once was arrested for selling bogus health 

■ of Ai 


tonics, is still the spiritual leader of Aum, al- 
though his sons. 5 mid 3, are the sect’s official 
gurus while he is in prison. A group of five senior 
members are ru nning the group’s day-to-day 
operations. 



Ag-TOr fum P rcmr 


Even as Shoko Asahara sits behind bars > facing a nearly certain death 
sentence. Ids followers worship him and continue to recruit new members. 


Mr. Asahara’s teachings, laid out in his bools, 
which include “Declaring Myself the Christ,” 
emphasize meditation to achieve enlighten- 
ment 

He has praised Hitler as a great man, preached 
that Armageddon is imminent, that the Japanese 
and U.S. governments were p lanning to attack 
Aum and that mass murders were necessary to 
thwart the government and to save the souls of 
those killed. His followers denied in the in- 
terview that Mr. Asahara had ever preached such 
things, despite the overwhelming evidence that 
he did. 


M R. ARAKI, the spokesman, said the 
group no longer adhered to the com- 
plicated teaching dial included die 
notion of killing someone to en- 
hance his or her status in the next world. But that 
doctrine is still clearly highlighted on the group's 
Internet home page. 

Minoru Sugiura, 35, said his devotion to Mr. 
Asahara remained unchanged. * 4 Whether he was 


involved or not in die subway gassing," he said, 
“he is still my spiritual leader.” 

Mr. Kanazawa, the goverranent investigator, 
K ffiri the sect members were too brainwashed to 
doubt Mr. .Asahara. “They think dial if the sub- 
way a mirk was committed under the leadership of 
Mr. Asahara, then their guru must have some deep 
thinking that they can't understand,” he said. 

The Aum members insisted that they posed no 
threat to anyone. But neither did they express 
remorse or sorrow or apologize for Anm’s past 
actions. They refused to acknowledge that any 
Aum memb er committed crimes, despite the 
criminal convictions of 121 members of the 
group — including several for making nerve gas 
and for murder. 

They say the huge stockpiles of chemicals 
seized at foe sect’s headquarters consisted of 
harmless “agricultural chemicals.” The police 
say foe chemicals were the ingredients to make 
70 tons of poison gas. 

“I think foe real truth has not yet been made 
clear,” Mr. Araki said. 



Opens 3«Wa| 
Session on j 


h 




Qxrtp&dbsOvStcgFrmDtspxba ^ 

NEW YORK — Secretary of Site 

Madeleine Albright met.Foi^ 
ister David Levy of Israel on Moajatfa* 
she began talks aimed atreviW-K 
raeli-PSestinian peace negotiafip^.i 
Mire. Albright’s 
meetings with nine regional 
and the bead Palestinian 
Mahmoud Abbas, but die 
was a three-way session to be a 
with Mr. Levy and Mr_Abbis& 

On the eve of die 
Department said Mis. 

“to re-establish direct taScs 

participants very soon.” but dot && 
was “still a great deal of wade fcrfe 
done.” /flv.. 

The talks, aimed , ai carrying oat a 
1995 interim peace accord, weraha&g 
in March after Israel -broke ground &ra 
Jewish housing project in East Jeru- 
salem, which Palestinians w«ntto iri8te 
foe capital of a future state. 

Mrs. Albright’s meeting jrift Jj£ 
Levy was intended in 
to revive another stalled set of 
negotiations — between Israel 
ia. She was due to meet later with 
eign Minister Farouk Shara of 5vn£*f I 
As hopes rose that talks wife ’ fe? 
Palestinians would resume, Pafcstnj&h 
police arrested a dozen IStanfcMfoqfB 
Monday, including a leader af'.'tife 
Ham as group, and Israel ease&'& fcjo- 
sure of Palestinian areas. 

Israel has said that Yasser 
chairman of the Palestinian 
must crush Hamas, which has ehmn^' 
responsibility for more than a da&a 
suicide bombings in three years, beSye 
Israel will fulfill its part of foe—" 1 ’ 
accords, such as a 
troop pullback 
Mr. Arafat’s 
rested dozens of members ofHamas ipfci 
foe smaller Islamic Jihad groupih rec$$ 
days and have closed seVetel 0 f 
institutions. However, Israel . titfio, 
quoting Israeli security sources, safe 
none of foe militants on IsraeTs wfflfted 


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fr 

if 


tl 


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in foe West Bank, 
s security forces havtro- 


I 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


wrail* ~flk /f •! TB rn Tl* TV* list had been detained yet. - - v 

William Miley, Paratroop Pioneer, Dies 


Schiphol Airport Curbs 
Up for Decision Friday 


AMSTERDAM (Reuters) — The 
Dutch Council of Ministers will rule 
Friday on proposals to reduce noise in 
the daytime at Amsterdam’s Schiphol 
Airport, a spokesman for the Trans- 
portation Ministry said Monday. 

Airport officials have proposed clos- 
ing one of the four runways during peak 
hours and restricting traffic on two oth- 
ers, in order to stay within govemment- 


throughout foe 15-nation bloc. A pro- 
posal by the European Commission to 
make it illegal to drive with more than 
0.5 grams of alcohol per liter of blood 
was rejected in 1988. 

“We hope foe climate has changed,” 
a spokesman for Mr. Kinnock said Mon- 
day, adding that there was a “body of 
evidence” showing that 0.5 grams per 
liter was foe safe upper limit and that 
imposing it could save thousands of 
lives per year. Several EU countries, 
including Germany. Britain, Spain and 
Italy, have limits of 0.8. 


imposed noise limits. 
Thesis 


le steps are to be introduced on Oct. 
1, provided foe government approves. 
An airport spokesman said foe steps 
would cut peak-hour capacity in half. 


EU- Wide Rule Sought 
For Drunken Driving 


Russian air traffic controllers went 
on strike Monday for back wages, af- 
fecting dozens of airports and forcing 
some flight delays, bnt foe government 
promised to meet their demands after 
one hour, ending foe walkout (AP) 


BRUSSELS (Reuters) — The Euro- 
pean Union transportation commission- 
er, Neil Kinnock, will seek support for a 
tough limit on drinking before driving 


Officials from eight countries 
began a two-day meeting Monday in 
Kuala Lumpur to examine foe feasi- 
bility of a 4,000-kilometer (2,500-raile) 
trans-Asia railroad between Singapore 
and Kunming. China. (AP) 


New York Times Serv ice 

W illiam Miley, foe acrobatic officer 
who transformed ground troops into foe 
U.S. Army’s first parachute combat unit 
in 1940, then led foe jump across foe 
Rhine in 1945, has died at his home in 
Starkville, Mississippi. He was 99 years 
old. 

The last surviving division com- 
mander from World War H, he was 
known as foe father of army paratroop- 
ers. He died last Wednesday. 

Mr. Miley organized the 501st Para- 
chute Battalion at Fort Benning, Geor- 
gia, in October 1940, based on foe 
anny’s Parachute Test Platoon of 48 
men. A champion gymnast, he had been 
the camp’s athletic officer. 

Making his first jump, he became a 
pioneering commander of a unit of pi- 
oneers. He worked out the myriad de- 
tails of training, equipment and tactics 
that became standard paratroop proce- 
dure. 

He was the first man out of foe first 
plane when the 17th Airborne Division 
dropped into Germany on March 24, 
1945. 


India Uses Own Rocket for Major Launching 


Gustave Freeman, Pathologist 
Who Smog-Tested Animals 

Sew York Times Ser. :ce 

Gustave Freeman, 88, a pathologist 
who used animals ro show how chronic 
exposure to low levels of air pollutants 
can harm foe lungs, died Sept 16 at his 
home in Palo Alto, California. 

His research played a significant role 
in setting national and global s tandar ds 
for human exposure to smog, said 
Robert Dehn, a colleague at Stanford 
Research Institute International, where 
Dr. Freeman was director of foe de- 
partment of medical sciences at his re- 
tirement in 1984. 

General Wego Chiang, Last 
Of Chiang Kai-shek's Line 

Reuters 

TAIPEI — General Wego Chiang, 
81, foe sole surviving son of Taiwan’s 
first Nationalist leader, Chiang Kai- 
shek, has died of various illnesses here, 
doctors said. 

The death of General Chiang. former 
secretary-general of foe country’s Na- 
tional Security Council, virtually ended 
foe legacy of foe Chiang family, which 
ruled Taiwan for three decades. 


Pedro de Castro Van Dunem, 
Angolan Aide and Negotiator 

Sew York Tunes Service 

Pedro de Castro Van Dunem, 55, a 
former Angolan foreign minister who led 
important negotiations for his country’s 
government, died of a heart attack on 
Sept. 23 in Luanda, the Angolan capital 
In 1988. he led a delegation of high- 
ranking officials to Washington to let it 
be known that they were willing to 
negotiate the withdrawal of Cuban 
troops from Angolan territory. 

Murray Burnett, Co-authored 
Play That Became ‘Casablanca’ 

New York Tunes Service 

NEW YORK — Murray Burnett, 86, 
co-author of the play on which foe movie 
“Casablanca” was based, died last 
Tuesday in his apartment in Manhattan _ 
When “Everybody Comes to 
Rick’s,” which Mr. Burnett wrote with 
Joan Alison, could not find a Broadway 
producer, foe play was sold to Warner 
Brothers for $20,000, and foe title was 
changed to “Casablanca.” Starring 
Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, 
it won an Oscar as the best movie of 
1943. 


Salim, r 

leaders of Hamas in foe West Bank wflib 
is also principal of anrivate Islamic 
school in foe town of Nablus. Mr. 
was arrested at the school, his 
said. Ten other Hamas activists,! 


in Nablus, also were detained*. - — 

Prime Minister Benjamin Rettayabfe 
reserved judgment Monday oaMr, Ara- 
fat’s anti-Hamas campaign. “Some ini- 
tial steps have been taken,” he said 
before foe arrests were announced: “Jr’s 
too early for me to say if they are 
consistent and systematic, buttheyare- 
definitely in the right direction.” 

Ahmed Tibi, an adviser to Mr. Arafat, 
said that Israel’s position of condition- 
ing a troop withdrawal on security per- 
formance was unacceptable. “The Pal- 
estinian Authority is committed to the 
agreements,” he said. “It is not ac- 
ceptable that Israel take one article of-j 
foe agreement and demand foal it be foe 
only point, while it ignores foe interim 
agreements which include further re- 
deployment’ ' of troops. 

In another conciliatory gesture, Israel 
announced late Sunday that mote P»il 
estmian workers from tire West -Bank 
and Gaza who had . been batted from 
Israel would be permitted to enter be- 
ginning Monday. 



The Associated Press 

NEW DELHI—*- India has 
used its own domestically 
produced rocket for foe first 
time to launch a major satel- 
lite. marking a turning point in 
the country’s space program. 

The 44.4-meter (,147-foot) 
vehicle blasted off perfectly 


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from Sriharikota, a town in 
foe southern state of Andhra 
Pradesh, and put a 1,200- 
kilogram (2,666-pound) re- 
mote-sensing satellite into 
orbit. 

The launching was tele- 
vised live across the nation. 

“It was a textbook kind of 
launch,” said K. Kasturiran- 
gan, chairman of foe Indian 
Space Research Organiza- 
tion. 

In the past, India has used 


its own rockets to launch 
much smaller satellites but 
relied on the European Space 
Agency to send telecommu- 
nication satellites into orbit.' 

Indian scientists plan to 
make more powerful rockets 
that will carry even heavier 
satellites into higher orbits. 

The satellite launched 
Monday will circle foe earth 
at an altitude of more than 
800 kilometers (500 miles). 
It will send back images of 



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Mexico 958008784178 iVaAnfaiub 060220857 N. Zealand 0800441880 

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earth that can be used, among . 
other things, for crop man- 
agement and town planning. 

Prime Minister Index Ku- 
mar Gujral. who watched foe 
launching, voiced pride in 
foe achievement as India cel- 
ebrates its 50th year of in- 
dependence from British 
rule. 

India says that its space 
program is for peaceful pur- 
poses and is independent of a 
program of medium-range 
and long-range military mis- 
siles. 

India also tested on Mon- 
day a new anti-tank missile, 
called foe Nag, at a range on 
foe east coast The missile is 
part of a military program 
that includes medium-range 
ballistic missiles. 

The agency United News 
of India quoted Prime Min- 
ister Gujral as telling report- 
ers he had urged foe United 
States to revise its policy re- 
stricting foe transfer of mis- 
sile technology to India. 

The country's space pro- 
gram suffered a setback in 
1993 when foe United States 
persuaded Russia to stop 
transferring rocket technof- 
ogy to foe Indians. 


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Forecast tor Wednesday through Friday, as provided by AccuWeathw. Asia 



CHenghU 

Cbbmbo 

Hanoi 

HoCNMrti 

issss 


Today 

Mgb Low* 

OF OF 

etm Vat 

91/88 20881 
33191 24/73 aft 
9088 <081 a 

9088 2088a 
91/88 2373 r 
31/ae 21/70 c 
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98/100 1088 a 


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Asia 


North America 

Windy and rainy In eastern Sunny and nice in France. Belong could have a show 
v y° d ^ aav , T 5* lteJ y Bf * 1 most of Spam, but er Wednesday, then pamy 
Northeast Win be windy western Spain and Portu- sunny and cool Thursday 

w«rtnp.rtJ5", ISSUES 9«jr n hBve r ® ln - MEder In Seoul 

Wednesday, then milder Partly sunny end cool In w/th some aunshlna, but 
wrtn auns hme Thursday London Wednesday cooi with showers Friday. 

I 01 th / ou9h PMay wi,tl the Partly sunny and nloe Si 
nom Texas to California, chance lor a shower. ToKyo Wednesday but 
in ^ § lor ™ v *" Norway and rain wfll arrive by Friday, 
bu t w .ndy and Swadea itfiile HeteWO wfl steamy with showed 
showers In the be windy and cold with across 

showers. China. 


Kochi 
K. Lumpur 
K. Kinabalu 


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~ ' 3WI -24/734H 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1097 

THE AMERICAS 


PAGE 3 


^Fund-Raising Strategy 
Fizzled for Den locrats 

Clinton, and Gore Didn’t Follow Scripts 



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By Don Van Nana Jr. 

Nnr YbrkTuna Strrtcr 

WASHINGTON— The fund-raising 
telephone calls that have touched off a 
Jcgaj and political furor for President 
Bill Clinton and Vice President A1 Gore 

'began as a mulnmillion -d o liar plan that 
.eventually fell far short of the ambitious 
goals established by White House aides 
; and Demo crati c Party officials, accord- 
ing to documents obtained by The New 
>York Times. 

The strategy was a disappointment 
-.simply because Mr. Clinton and Mr. 
Gore ofteafatied to follow the bluntly 
-Worded written instructions supplied by 
jaajty fmai^aal officers. Attorney Gen- 
eral Janet Reno is now considering 
..whether the calls made from the White 
. House warrant the appointment of an 
’ ihdependertt counsel . 

.from October 1994 to August 1996, 

- top officials ar the Democratic National 
-Conunitteqfdrew up hundreds of de- 
' puled scripts that pressed the president 
a^d vice prudent to ask wealthy donors 
'for contributions of as much as $500.- 
0Q0, the documents show. Yet Mr. Clin- 
ipn and Mi Gore rarely used those call 
wheels, preferring to speak m polite eu- 
pBemismsfp would-be donors about the 
yague need for “support'* and “help,” 
several fundraisers recalled, 
f , . Occasionally. Mr. Clinron and Mr. 
Jpore asked donors for specific amounts, 
..officials s&i. but usually neither mas 
uttered oap word about money. 

” .Even when they did mention amounts, 
Mr. Qintqo and Mr. Gore rarely asked 
for the large sums that the fund-raisers 
'bad wan®, die fund-raisers said. 

.'‘‘‘It was a real problem,” said a fund- 
! Rising official who insisted on anonym- 
ity, “The contributors would give what 
they wanted, and it would always be less 
.'than we needed.” 

‘Tn November 1995, Marvin Rosen, 
then the Democratic National Comxnit- 
. tee’s finan ce chairman, estimated that 
.2$ calls by Mr. Clinton and 15 calls by 
fdf. Gore would raise $ 1.2 milli on with- 
jjtf bur weeks. Instead, they raised about 
j $300,000,’ according to charts used to 
Jijack the calls and their results. 

“At that time. Mr. Gore raised most of 
i the contributions. Bui over and over, be 

short of the goals: on the call sheets, 

( be. was nrg§d to ask for $1 00,000, but he 
. was able to get checks only for $25,000 
lijjvin a few Instances, $50,000. 

„|'£be charts and call sheets vividly 
portray tfae.gyerly optimistic hopes that 
.Danocratic^MEcials and White House 


aides had pinned on calls by the pres- 
ident and vice president. Al several key 
moments in Mr. Ctiniim's first term, the 
pressure for quick money was so intense, 
fund-raisers say, that they strongly 
urged Mr. Clinton and Mr. Gore to ask 
for enormous sums of money, even 
drawing up call sheets seeking $1 00,000 
from donors who had previously given 
no more than $1,000 at a time. 

The fund-raisers said they were con- 
vinced that the telephone strategy would 
have met its goals if Mr. Clinton had 
made more calls himself. 

“It was certainly said around the 
building that the vice president was do- 
ing more than his share and that the 
president was the laggard one.” Dick 
Morris, a former close aide to Mr. Clin- 
ton, told Senate investigators recently. 

So fund-raising officials found other 
ways to use the president's charm to 
wrest contributions from reluctant 
donors. The technique became known 
as “touch-up calls." Fund-raisers 
would slip Mr. Clinton notes to call 
donors to wish them happy birthday or 
happy anniversary' <* r •« inquire about 
ailing spouses. He did nor utter a word 
about money. 

But the fund-misers followed up with 
their own calls to ask the donors for 
large contributions. The answer was al- 
most always “yes.” 


POLITICAL 


S*>«J Grat/XruteT' 

WEAK MOMENT — Medical personnel tending to a police officer 
who fainted during U.S.-Canadian memorial services In Ottawa 
honoring policemen who have been killed in the line of duty. 


Hopefuls Upstaged 

ANAHEIM, California — Gov- 
ernor Pete Wilson showed over the 
weekend thai he does not understand 
the first rule of hospitality. 

He invited four of his party's pres- 
idential possibilities to speak, at the 
California Republican Party conven- 
tion here. Then Mr. Wilson, whose 
bid for the 2996 nomination was cut 
short by a severe throat ailment and an 
equally severe shortage of funds, de- 
livered a feisty indictment of Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton and Vice President 
Al Gore that elicited a far stronger 
response from the nearly 1,000 del- 
egates and guests than most of the 
other addresses. 

The governor, whose final term 
ends in I6nx>mhs, also latched onto an 
issue attractive to Republican activists 
across the country by announcing that 
he would lead a drive for a 1998 voter 
initiative to end use of labor dues for 
politics, unless specifically authorized 
by foe union member. 

These who were overshadowed by 
Mr. Wilson’s performance included 
former Vice President Dan Quayle 
and Senators John McCain of Arizona, 
Fred Thompson of Tennessee and 
John Ashcroft of Missouri. fWP) 

Gingrich Faults Ptess 

WASHINGTON — Newt Gin- 
grich has cast recent Republican Party 
difficulties as a matter of mispercep- 
tion generated by a liberal press. 


“We can regain momentum and 
communicate despite the elite media 
by the cheerful, enthusiastic focus on 
clear, vivid differences,” the House 
speaker told the International Con- 
servative Congress. 

First on the Georgian’s list of dif- 
ferences with the Democrats was over- 
hauling the tax code. He said he hoped 
to see legislation introduced next year 
“sufficiently thorough that we can 
abolish foe IRS as we know it.” 

He said the Republican leadership 
was actively encouraging a “Scrap 
the Code” tax tour this autumn by 
leading House members. 

Other key Republican themes foe 
speaker cited included opposition to 
racial quotas, allowing parents to de- 
cide which schools their children at- 
tend and enforcing campaign finance 
laws that he said Democrats violated 
in the 1996 campaign. 

Looking at recent discontent within 
the party, Mr. Gingrich acknowl- 
edged only that “because of the tur- 
moil and confusion of our constitu- 
tional system, we had a certain period 
of confusion trying to communicate 
what we were doing.” (AP) 

Quote I Unquote 

Jan Baron, who advises Republican 
representatives on election fund-rais- 
ing laws: “Whether it’s legal or il- 
legal, the conventional wisdom is that 
you can’t conduct fund-raising of any 
son in the Capitol — not on the 
phone, not in person, not by writing 
letters, not by hosting events.” (WP) 


Doors to U.S. Citizenship Slam Shut in a Staffing Shortage 


By Celia W. Dugger 

Wni* York Turn's Scnur 

NEW YORK — In the midst of a vast 
effort by immigrants to ana in American 
citizenship, the creaky, understaffed 
machinery of naturalization ground vir- 
tually to a halt last week in New York's 
boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, two 
large immigration centers. 

Even as 216.000 applicants in the 
New York metropolitan area await nat- 
uralization — more than the total num- 
ber across the U.S. who sought cit- 
izenship in 1991 — the federal 
courtroom in Brooklyn fell silent 
Wednesday. 

About 1 ,200 immigrants a week had 
been swearing allegiance to the United 
Slates there. 

“Unfortunately, after that date, the 
number of eligible applicants for nat- 
uralization has been exhausted.” an of- 


ficial of foe Immigration and Natur- 
alization Service informed the federal 
court clerk by letter, then expressed 
hope that ceremonies would resume in a 
month or so. 

In New York and other major met- 
ropolitan areas across the United States, 
obsolete computer technology and strict 
new procedures to screen ont applicants 
who have criminal records have slowed 
the naturalization process, but it now 
appears that staff shortages are hobbling 
it even more. 

Immigration officials say staffing 
levels have been eroded by high 
turnover among temporary workers 
hired for yearlong stints, with no health 
benefits, to handle the surge in appli- 
cations. The agency's request to Con- 
gress for authority to hire 400 workers 
for two to four years, with benefits, has 
not been approved. 

. New. York has been particularly hard 


hit by this problem. There, the number 
of workers interviewing citizenship ap- 
plicants and handling their paperwork 
has sunk to 194, from 289 last year. 

In Los Angeles, foe processing staff 
has dropped from 269 to 231. 

In Chicago, the staff has shrunk to 57, 
from 73. 

And in Miami, it has dropped to 1 18, 
from 127. 

The si owing pace of naturalizations is 
occurring at a moment when citizenship 
has become necessary for many im- 
migrants to put food on the table. 

Nationally, federal officials said, 
935,000 poor immigrants are expected 
to lose food stamp benefits under the 
welfare law adopted last year. The law 
made legal immigrants who have not 
become citizens ineligible for food 
stamps. 

As the application procedures re- 
quired to become a citizen have 


stretched from five months Iasi year to 
more than a year, immigrants waiting in 
line, especially the elderly, have be- 
come increasingly nervous. Most of the 
elderly students in a civics class 
sponsored fay University Settlement 
House in Manhattan are taking foe class 
for the second time, trying to refresh 
fragile memories in preparation for foe 
ernes examination they need to pass to 
become citizens. 

The growing waves of new immi- 
grants seeking citizenship in the last few 
years have been driven by a variety of 
factors, including a feared loss of fed- 
eral benefits and concerns about a na- 
tional backlash of resentment against 
immigrants. 

But as the numbers of citizenship 
applications have continued to climb 
mK year, statistics show that the num- 
bers of completed naturalization cases 
have tumbled by almost a third in the 


first three months of this year and by 
more than half front March to June, 
compared with 1996. 

New York City has opened six offices 
■and hired 120 people in the last two 
months in a $10 million rush effort to 
help more people whose food stamps 
are at risk to apply for citizenship. 

This week, only two small citizenship 
ceremonies for a total of 200 immi- 
grants are scheduled at foe Federal Dis- 
trict Court in foe Eastern District of New 
York, which includes Brooklyn and 
Queens. After that, there are no more on 
the calendar. 

The immigration service submitted a 
$150 million request to Congress in July 
for support of its naturalization pro- 
grams in foe federal fiscal year begin- 
ning Wednesday, but the request has 
been bogged down in bitter debate over 
the agency’s failure to screen out ap- 
plicants with criminal records. 






* t - BmaDUonuLJM* . 


• ■-•‘t^y-' > ^ toga ' g -****•- 


PAGE 4 


INT EKWA3IONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 

■ THE AMERICAS 


ig Racial Chasms in America 



By Laurie Goodstein 

Sew York Times Service 

BIRMINGHAM, Alabama — When 
Dale Layton and two friends in the 
suburbs here first heard the call to build 
a movement across the United States 
n niring Christian men of all races, they 
were eager to help. But Mr. Layton said 
there was one obstacle: “we didn’t 
know any blacks." 

One of Mr. -Layton’s friends, 
however, was an exterminator who had 
done some pest control work at a black 
man's bouse. The black man belonged 
to a large church whose pastor was an 
influential black minister. So three 
years « gr» Mr. Layton, a plastic-tubing 
sa lesman , and his two friends met with 
the minis ter, the Reverend Willie 
O'Neal, sitting at a glass-top table in his 
church study and trying to sell him and 
several other wary black church leaders 
on a new national evangelical orga- 
nization called Promise Keepers. 

On Saturday, members of Promise 
Keepers are pl anning to convene on the 
Mali in Washington for what they hope 
will be one of the largest religious rallies 
in modern American history. Like the 
Million Man March, attended by hun- 
dreds of thousands of black men in 
October 1995, the Promise Keepers 
event is for men only. So the gathering 
has come under attack from some fem- 


inists for its exclusiveness and its con- 
servative approach to relations between 
the sexes. , T , 

But leaders of Promise Keepers pre- 
dict that when it comes to racial m- 
clusiveness, their Washington rally will 
showcase a model of black-and-white 
integration, challenging a nation where 
racially segregated churches are still the 

norm 

While the group’s leaders say they 
are responding to a biblical mandate to 
unite the races, the presence of thou- 
sands of black men at the rally wig also 
divert criticism by those who say Prom- 
ise Keepers merely furthers the goals of 

die conservative white evangelical 

movement. Behind the gradual integra- 
tion of Promise Keepers are years of 
halting and sometimes painful local ef- 
forts Like the one in Birmingham- 

Promise Keepers was founded m 
1990 in Boulder, Colorado, by Bill Mc- 
Cartney, who stepped down as the foot- 
ball coach at the University of Colorado 
and who envisioned filling sports sta- 
diums with men cheering for Jesus. At 
the time, Promise Keepers was lily 
white,” said the Reverend Raleigh 
Washington of Chicago, a black min- 
ister who is the group’s vice president 
for reconciliation. 

Promise Keepers has worked at con- 
vincing men that it is not only God s 
mandate but also manly to pray ler- 


vently, to read the Bible regularly, to go 
to church, to stay loyal to their wives 
and to nurture their children. The group 

has also tried to put the same masculine 

imprimatur on making friends with men 
of other races. By Promise Keepers 
count, that formula has drawn 2.6 mil- 
lion men to 61 weekend stadium con- 
ferences around the United States in the 
last seven years. 

When Promise Keepers firet came 
calling on the black churches in Birm- 
ingham, some black men say they were 
suspicious. Most had never heard of fee 
group. Some who knew of Promise 
Keepers associated it with the religious 
right Other black men in Bir mingham 
wore simply cynical about being used as 
tokens. 

“In the black community we re ac- 
customed to the white brothers getting 
excited about a movement and wanting to 
include us for the numbers," said George 
Stewart, a black radio host who runs a 
program for inner-city youth. “After get- 
ting hurt a few times, you think. Til just 
stay here in my comer and not get in- 
volved again with these guys.’ ” 

Three years ago, when the three white 
suburban men promoting Promise 
Keepers sat in the black pastor's study at 
Mount Canaan Full Gospel Church, Mr. 
Stewart remembers studying Mr. Layton 
out of the comer of his eye and thinking, 
“These guys from over the mountain 



F-i.i i- WsuvctoThc Atmaned Pm 


ORTHODOX FAITHFUL —Orthodox Jews in Madison Square Garden in New York, some of a crowd of 
23,000, celebrating along with others worldwide the end of a seven-and-a-half-year reading of the Talmud. 




Privatisation Commission f 

Government of Pakistan 

A FINANCIAL ADVISOR FOR 
THE PRIVATISATION OF 

UNITED BANK LIMITED (UBL) 


The Government of 
Pakistan intends to sell a 
strategic stake in United 
Bank Limited (UBL) 
with management rights 
to a strategic investor. 

A Financial Advisor is 

to be appointed to assist 
the Government of 
Pakistan in this process. 
The Financial Advisor 
will be responsible for all 
activities leading to the 
sale of strategic stake 
and transfer of 
management control to 
a strategic investor. 

Amongst others, the 
responsibilities of 
Financial Advisor will 
include a detailed review 
of present operations of 
UBL, financial 
valuations, structuring 


and the marketing of the 
proposed sale and 
undertaking appropriate 
post sale activities to 
address and close alt 
legal and commercial 
issues of the transaction. 

Expression of interest 
are invited from reputed 
investment banks, 
management 
consultants and 
business houses & 
groups offering financial 
advisory services. 
Application should 
include a brief profile of 
the Institutes/Group and 
a bank draft favouring 
“Privatisation 
Commission, 
Government of 
Pakistan” of Pak 
Rs.1 00,000/- (or its 


Ahmad Waqar 

Joint Secretary 


account of non 
refundable Processing 
Fee. Detailed Terms of 
Reference for the 
assignment will be 
provided to the parties 
submitting their 
Expression of interest. 

For further information, 
please contact 
Shahbaz Jameei, 
Project Manager, at 
(9251) 9201955. 

Proposal duly marked 
“Financial Advisory 
Services for UBL” 
should reach the 
Privatisation 
Commission at the 
following address latest 
byamP--m,(PST) on 
7th October 1997. 


Privatisation Commission, Government of Pakistan 

5-A Constitution Avenue, Islamabad 
Phone: (9251) 9203881/9205146 Fax: (9251) 9203076 


don’t know any thing about OS." 

As the meeting closed, Mr. Stewart 
said, something moved him to put these 
earnest white men to the resL 

“Let’s not play games," he recalled 
telling them. “You say you want to get 
together with us, so invite os our.” 

Mr. Stewart explained, “1 wanted to 
see if they were serious about getting to 
know us.” Mr. Layton said he had 
replied, “You’ll hear from me." 

Unknowingly, Mr. Stewart bad . 
strode a nerve with the men promoting 
Promise Keepers. Where some other 
white-initiated groups with interracial 
intentions talk about “doing outreach” 
to other ethnic groups, or “building 
coalitions,” Promise Keepers talks of 
“forming lasting relationships” be-, 
tween individuals of different races. 
They have avoided altogether taking 
stands on traditional civil rights issues 
like affirmative action, voting rights or 
discrimination in the workplace. 

Two weeks after the meeting in the 
black pastor's study, Mr. Layton tele- 
phoned Mr. Stewart and invited him out 
to lunch. The two men immediately 
found that they spoke the same language 
of s crip t ur e and shared a common past 
in being “bom again.” 

Both sought to unburden themselves 
of past behavior they saw as sinfuL Mr. 
Layton said he had been a drinker, had 
bankrupted his $6 millio n real-estate 


business, had cheated on his wife and 
had contemplated suicide. 

Mr. Stewart said he had wasted years 

smoking marijuana, had developed a 
huge ego as a radio disk jockey and had 
fathere d a child out of wedlock. While 
not everyone would think of such tilings 
as “sins,” the two men found that talk- 
ing about their pasts was therapeutic, 
tvery other Tuesday, they were 

among a group of blade and white mas 

who met in the basement recreation hall 
at Mount C'amtm church with no other 
agenda than confronting the racial di- 
vide. 

Mr. O’Neal, the church’s pastor, test- 
ified about how a white supervisor at his 
farmer job as a sued worker ha d hu- 
miliated him as a young man. The group 
of men cried. They argued over whether 
they should allow their children to 
many “outside the race. ” They shouted 

ax one another. 

One meeting almost dissolved in ac- 

THaMijc did not have a jn^Slem with 
racism, said several participants. Mr. 
Stewart recalled shouting, “If you can't 
tell the truth, don’t say anything." 

Jnst about then, Mr. Layton fell on bis 
knees and said the Holy Spirit had told 
him to wash Mr. Stewart's feet, just as 
Jesus had washed the feet of his dis- 
ciples in an act of humility. Immedi- 
ately, the other white men m the room 


announced that they wotiU wasfa ^.; 
feet of all the blade men. They got out, , 

some mbs and a toweL 

“ Washing my feet!” Mr. O Neain>v . v 
called. “I was very apprehensive. Nofr-v 
that I didn’t want them washing my 

bmlfehliki^ was that nece^iy?B^-, , 

“the room got quiet and fee hostiBj^- 
left I felt that God’s 

As the meetings c°ntmited,fec^^. ... 
bers dwindled, and soon fee basemcm. 
ptg^tmg s ended. But the ralati onstag e 
continued. A white ministCT anda b^^^-. 
minist er took turns preacbmg ^ 

other’s churches. Mr. ; . 

Stewart and other black fncndsj^ - 
spent afternoons sipping wet tea 
fee porch at Mr. Layton s house. 

Promise Keepers' chairman, ^ 

operating officer and three of nu»W_ ; P 
pred deSte are either 
panic descent The group, based m Deg* 
veTsays 37 percent of its more than 368^ 
staff members are from nunorrfg- -- 
groups. At its stadium conferences,^* ;• . 
organization tries to recruit four xfi 

eroy 10 ’ 


‘of 11 ; 




U" : 


groups. Leaders say they have focused 
so far on black-white relations and. , 
only now making inroads into Hispanic 
and Asian- American churches. 

The ultimate goal, said Mr. wash*) 
ington, the vice president for 
dilation, is to undermine the racial dt- 1 
vide in American churches. ; ' i\ • 


Away From Politics 

• Nearly three- quarters of Americans 

believe global warming is happening or 
will happen, and most see it as a serious 
threat, according to a survey made' pub- 
lic by the World Wildlife Fund. Sixry- 
six percent of those polled saw man- 
made changes in the climate as a serious 
threat that is likely to get worse, tire poll 
said. Just 10 percent of the respondents 
doubted that global warming will hap- 
pen. (Reuters) 

• About 275,000 Americans are un- 

aware they are infected with the AIDS 
virus, according to statistics released by 
the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention. Researchers from fee U.S. 
Centers for Disease Control and Pre- 
vention, who made fee estimate, said the 
figures were more optimistic than ex- 
perts had long assumed. (AP) 

• The Massachusetts Institute of 

Technology in Cambridge. Massachu- 
setts. suspended one of its fraternities. 
Phi Gamma Delta, after a freshman 
pledge lapsed into an alcohol-induced 
coma after a party. The police were 
investigating the incident, a common 
one onX’.S. campuses. (APi 

• A commuter train struck and killed 

two joggers in Corona, California, as it 
carried race fans to the California 
Speedway. At least one jogger was 
wearing headphones and may not have 
heard fee train when it came around a 
bend. (API 

• NASA’s Lewis satellite plunged into 
Earth's atmosphere Sunday ana appar- 
ently burned up over fee South Atlantic 
off the coast of Antarctica, fee U.S. 
Space Command reported. The satellite 
was intended for a five-year mission but 
went into an uncontrolled spin four days 
after its launching on Aug. 22. (AP) 


2d Oklahoma Bomb Trial; 
Gets Off to a Quieter Start, 


By Jo Thomas 

York Tima Service 

DENVER — Quietly, wife compar- 
atively little fanfare, jury selection 
began Monday in die trial of Terry 
Nichols, the second man charged wife 
murder and conspiracy in the Oklahoma 
City bombing. 

Graze were fee emotional last-minute 
news conferences fear preceded fee trial 
of Mr. Nichols’s co-defendant, Timofey 
McVeigh, 29. Mr. McVeigh was con- 
victed on identical charges in June and 
sentenced to death for the 1995 bomb- 
ing, which killed 168 people, injured 
850 and was fee worst terrorist attack 
ever on American soiL 

“The boil has been lanced,” said 
Stephen Jones, who was the lead trial 
lawyer for Mr. McVeigh, explaining the 
relative tranquility of the second trial- “I 
don’t drink fee public has near fee in- 
terest or hostility againsrTerryOTTeny’s 
case fear they fed in Tim’s case.” 

Mr. Nichols’s lead lawyer, Michael 
Tigar, a law professor ax the University 
of Texas, has kept a low profile, filing 
motions sealed to fee public and meet- 
ing prosecutors in fee chambers of 
Judge Richard Maxsch, who will hear 
fee case in U.S. District Court. 

Nonetheless, the largely circumstan- 
tial case against Mr. Nichols outlined in 
pretrial hearings raises fee possibility of 

a longer and more complicated trial than 

fear of Mr. McVeigh, which ended in 
just under six weeks and whose defense 
presentation took just three days. 

* ‘This case is different,” James Nich- 
ols, the defendant’s brother, said. 
“Terry’s got a good attorney and a good 


defense team that believes in him. ” - • j- 

Terry Nichols, who is 42 and thei 
father of three, says he is innocent, and] * 
Mr. Tigar has made every effort tomaket - 
the jury see his mild-looking, middle-! 
aged cUent in a favorable light J 

He arranged for Mr. Nichols to be* — . 
introduced tins month to fee hundreds of] 
potential jurors assembled at the Jef-f 
fexson County Faiigrounds to meet Judgd = 
Matscb and ml out questionnaires. { 

Larry Mackey, wno^ replaced Joseph] 
Harder as lead prosecutor, has laid aj 
wide netfbr Mr. Nichols. with evidence] 
and witnesses not introduced at the first 
triaL Still, he will have to-proceed with-! 
out the kind of testimony from wit*. - 
nesses duff linked Mr.McVeigb directlyj JL 
to fee rental track feat earned fee bran o 
to the Oklahoma City federal building. .! v • ? 

Forhispart.Mt’ngarseemsprqpare^ * , 
to argue not only that his client is in- ] 
nocent but also that the bombing was .f i 
carried pot . by Mr. McVeigh a nc^ bg \ 1 
others unknown. Mr. Tigar has a&Sdy 

|S“derick Schtead^febratesmrai 
sold a ton of fertilizer fee government ; 
says was used to make the bomb, did net ^ 

testify at fee McVeigh triaL • . 

Mr. Schiender said at a pretrial he®-^, ' 
ing that one of fee two men who picfaxJ^fc- j 
up fee fertilizer might have been i 

Nichols but that tire other, who has newr^ 1 
been identified, was riot Mr. McV eigfc. fr: 

The Nichols team nay also be able ’WT'- 
call witnesses who have said that they . ; j_. ; 
saw Mr. McVeigh wife others — not Nfc; C. 
Nichols — in fee hours just before the 
April 1995 bombing. At feat time, as Mxv_ - 
Tigar has said repeatedly, Mr. Nichols - 
was at home in Kansas with his family. 


■ Pi -i 
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* NTEk IN AT10N AL HERALD TRIBUNE. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 


PACE 3 


THE AMERICAS 


Fund-Raising Strategy 
Fizzled for Democrats 

Clinton and Gore Didn’t Follow Scripts 


By Don Van Nana Jr. 

Nr w W Twirl Srwu r 


- 'iiruam v.'a& 

:-^S 

in pZl/iQj^ 

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WASHINGTON — The fund-raising 
telephone calls that have touched off a 
..legal and political furor for President 
Bill Clinton and Vice President AI Gore 
-began as a multimillion-dollar plan that 
.•eventually fell far short of the ambitious 
goals established by White House aides 
- and Democratic Party officials, accord - 
.. irig to documents obtained by The New 
.-York Times. 

■. ..The strategy was a disappointment 
.'jumply because Mr. Clinton and Mr. 
Gore often failed to follow the bluntly 
..worded written instructions supplied b\ 

: party financial officers. Attorney Gen- 
eral Janet Reno is now considering 
whether the calls made from the White 
. House warrant the appointment of an 
independent counsel . 

.From October 1994 to August 19%. 
lop officials at the Democratic National 
■ Committee drew up hundreds of de- 
railed scripts that pressed the president 
and vice president to ask u eaJthy donors 
for contributions of as much as $500.- 
0t)0. the documents show. Yet Mr. Clin- 
ion and Mr. Gore rarely used those call 
^sheets, preferring to speak in polite eu- 
phemisms to would-be donors about the 
vague need for "support" and "help." 
several fund-raisers recalled. 

* .Occasionally. Mr. Clinton and Mr. 
'Gore asked donors for specific amounts, 
.officials said, but usually neither man 
littered one word about money. 

7 . -Even when they did mention amounts, 
Mr. Clinton and Mr. Gore rarely asked 
for the large sums that the fund-raisers 
had wanted, the fund-raisers said. 

. ’"It was a real problem." said a fund- 
raising official who insisted on anonym- 
. ity. "The contributors would give what 
. they wanted, and it would always be less 
than we needed." 

In November 1995. Marvin Rosen, 
then the Democratic National Commit- 
. fee's finance chairman, estimated that 
2D calls by Mr. Clinton and 15 calls by 
M[r. Gore would raise S 1 .2 million with- 
jn-four weeks. Instead, they raised about 
; $300,000, according to charts used to 

• track the calls and their results. 

At that time, Mr. Gore raised most of 
the contributions. But over and over, he 
.♦,feil short of the goals; oo the call sheets, 

, he. was urged to ask for $100,000, but he 
was able to gel checks only for $25 ,000 
lijr-‘ in a few instances, $50,000. 
i .The charts and call sheets vividly 
ly the overly optimistic hopes that 
itic officials and White House 


aides had pinned on ...ills by thi- pres- 
ident and vice president. At several key 
moments in Mr. Clint. >n\ Hi^l term, the 
pressure lur quick money wu; vu intense, 
fund-raisers say. ili.u’ they simnglv 
urged Mr. Clinton asut Mr. tuuv n> :isk 
for enormuus suin'. ,>f niciicv. even 
drawing up call .sheet-, -.cckmi* SlUD.nOn 
trum <lnru»rs who lent prcvimtsL given 
no mure than $I,(XN) at time. 

The fund-misers s.nd they were con- 
vinced that the Icleph. -tie siruteps would 
have met its goals it Mr. Clinton had 
made more calls himself. 

"It was certainls s;»id around the 
building that the vite president was do- 
me more than hi.\ share and that the 
president was the laggard mte.” Dick 
Morris, a former do .c aide in Mr. Olin- 
lon. told Senate investigators recently. 

So fund-raising otnci.ils louud other 
ways to use the pi-*.nlem'\ di.mn to 
wrest ctinirihuinm-. from relucianl 
donors. The technique became known 
as "touch-up calls " Fund-raisers 
would slip \li Ciiiiinn notes to call 
donors to wish them happy birthday or 
happy nmmersnri <*r to inquire :tl«out 
ailing spouse^. He did not ulier a word 
about money. 

But the fund-raiseis followed uj» with 
their own calls to .i,k the donors for 
large contributions. Hie answer was al- 
most alwavs "ves." 



;*.«u ijran>. 1 !mtcp. 

WEAK MOMENT — Medical personnel tending to a police officer 
who fainted during (J.S.-Canadtan memorial services in Ottawa 
honoring policemen who have been killed in the line of duty. 


POLITICAL 


Hopefuls Upstaged 

ANAHEIM. California — Gov- 
ernor Pete Wilson showed over the 
weekend that he does not understand 
the first rule of hospitality. 

He invited four of his party 's pres- 
idential possibilities to speak at the 
California Republican Party conven- 
tion here. Then Mr. Wilson, whose 
bid for the 1 996 nomination was cut 
shore by a severe throat ailment and an 
equally severe shortage of funds, de- 
livered a feisty indictment of Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton and Vice President 
AI Gore that elicited a far stronger 
response from the nearly 1,000 del- 
egates and guests than most of the 
other addresses. 

The governor, whose final term 
ends in 16 months, also latched onto an 
issue attractive to Republican activists 
across the country by announcing that 
he would lead a drive for a 1998 voter 
initiative to end use of labor dues for 
politics, unless specifically authorized 
by the union member. 

Those who were overshadowed by 
Mr. Wilson’s performance included 
former Vice President Dan Quayle 
and! Senators John McCain of Arizona, 
Fred Thompson of Tennessee and 
John Ashcroft of Missouri. (WP) 

Gingrich Faults Press 

WASHINGTON — Newt Gin- 
grich has cast recent Republican Party 
difficulties as a matter of mispercep- 
tion generated by a liberal press. 


"We can regain momentum and 
communicate despite the elite media 
by the cheerful, enthusiastic focus on 
clear, vivid differences," the House 
speaker told the International Con- 
servative Congress. 

First on the Georgian’s list of dif- 
ferences with the Democrats was over- 
hauling the tax code. He said he hoped 
to see legislation introduced next year 
"sufficiently thorough that we can 
abolish the IRS as we know it." 

He said the Republican leadership 
was actively encouraging a "Scrap 
the Code" tax tour this autumn by 
leading House members. 

Other key Republican themes the 
speaker cited included opposition to 
racial quotas, allowing parents to de- 
cide which schools their children at- 
tend and enforcing campaign finance 
laws that he said Democrats violated 
in the 1996 campaign. 

Looking at recent discontent within 
the party, Mr. Gingrich acknowl- 
edged only that "because of the tur- 
moil and confusion of our constitu- 
tional system, we had a certain period 
of confusion trying to communicate 
what we were doing.” (API 

Quote/ Unquote 

Jan Banin, who advises Republican 
representatives on election fund-rais- 
ing laws; "Whether it's legal or il- 
legal. the conventional wisdom is that 
you can’t conduct fund-raising of any 
son in the Capitol — not on the 
phone, not in person, not by writing 
letters, not by hosting events." |WP) 


Doors to U.S. Citizenship Slam Shut in a Staffing Shortage 


By Celia W. Dugger 

.V, ii- }.tI lliih'i Vfi f. r 


NEW YORK — In the midst of a vast 
effort by immigrants to attain American 
cilizenship. the creaky, understaffed 
machinery of naturalization ground vir- 
tually to a' halt Iasi week in New York's 
boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, two 
large immigration centers. 

Even as 216,000 applicants in the 
New York metropolitan area await nat- 
uralization — more than the total num- 
ber across the U.S. who sought cit- 
izenship in 1991 — the federal 
courtroom in Brooklyn fell silent 
Wednesday. 

About 1 ,200 immigrants a week had 
been swearing allegiance to the United 
States there. 

"Unfortunately, after that date, the 
number of eligible applicants for nat- 
uralization has been exhausted." an of- 


ficial of the Immigration and Natur- 
alization Service informed the federal 
court clerk by letter, then expressed 
hope that ceremonies would resume in a 
month or so. 

In New York and other major met- 
ropolitan areas across the United States, 
obsolete computer technology and strict 
new procedures to screen out applicants 
who have criminal records have slowed 
the naturalization process, but it now 
appears that staff shortages are hobbling 
it even more. 

Immigration officials say staffing 
levels have been eroded by high 
turnover among temporary workers 
hired for yearlong stints, with no health 
benefits, to handle the surge in appli- 
cations. The agency’s request: to Con- 
gress for authority ro hire 400 workers 
for two to four years, with benefits, has 
not been approved. 

New York has been particularly bard 


hit by this problem. There, the number 
of workers interviewing cilizenship ap- 
plicants and handling their paperwork 
has sunk to 194, from 289 last year. 

In Los Angeles, the processing staff 
has dropped from 269 to 231. 

In Chicago, the staff has shrunk to 57, 
from 73. 

And in Miami, it has dropped to 118. 
from 127. 

The slowing pace of naturalizations is 
occurring at a moment when citizenship 
has become necessary for many im- 
migrants to put food on the table. 

Nationally, federal officials said, 
935,000 poor immigrants are expected 
to lose food stamp benefits under the 
welfare law adopted last year. The law 
made legal immigrants who have not 
become citizens ineligible for food 
stamps. 

As the application procedures re- 
quired to become a citizen have 


stretched from five months last year to 
more than a year, immigrants waiting in 
line, especially the elderly, have be- 
come increasingly nervous. Mosr of the 
elderly students in a civics class 
sponsored by University Settlement 
House in Manhattan are taking the class 
for the second time, trying to refresh 
fragile memories in preparation for the 
civics examination they need to pass to 
become citizens. 

The growing waves of new immi- 
grants seeking citizenship in the last few 
years have been driven by a variety of 
factors, including a feared loss of fed- 
eral benefits and concerns about a na- 
tional backlash of resentment against 
immigrants. 

But as the numbers of citizenship 
applications have continued to climb 
this year, statistics show that the num- 
bers of completed naturalization cases 
have tumbled by almost a third in the 


first three months of this year and by 
more than half from March to June, 
compared with 1 996. 

New Y ork City has opened six offices 
and hired 120 people in the last two 
months in a $10 million rush effort to 
help more people whose food stamps 
are at risk to apply for citizenship. 

This week, only two small citizenship 
ceremonies for a total of 200 immi- 
grants are scheduled at the Federal Dis- 
trict Court in die Eastern District of New 
York, which includes Brooklyn and 
Queens. After that, there are no more on 
the calendar. 

The immigration service submitted a 
$ 1 5 0 million request to Congress in July 
for support of its naturalization pro- 
grams in the federal fiscal year begin- 
ning Wednesday, but the request has 
been bogged down in bitter debate over 
the agency’s failure to screen out ap- 
plicants with criminal records. 














The quality of 
platinum. 



The modesty of 
steel. 



One key to the legendary 
performance of a Rolex 
timepiece is its Oyster 
case; it combines 
with the winding 
crown and 
synthetic sapphire 
crystal to protect 
the Perpetual movement* For 
the Rolex Day-Date pictured 
here, the case is sculpted from 


solid platinum. The subtle 
lustre of platinum belies 
its remarkable 
tensile strength. 

For the 
discriminating 
people who choose 
to invest in this 
special timepiece, this 
understated quality is just one 
more of its distinctive attributes. 


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INTERNATIONAL 


UN Gets No Nearer to a New Security Council 


By John M. Goshko 

Yfashingfon Post Service 

UNTIED NATIONS. New York — Expansion 
of the Security Council was the most talked-about 
subject at the opening of die annual UN General 
Assembly, with foreign ministers from all over 
die world declaring their governments' support 
for adding as many as five permanent seats to the 
15-nation panel. 

The aim is to make the United Nations more 
reflective of world realities by giving permanent 
council memberships to two industrial powers — 
Germany and Japan — and some as-yet-undeter- 
mined countries representing die less developed 
world. 

The intensity of the debate last week under- 
scored the degree to which an apparent majority 
of the 185 members think council enlargement 
should be the top priority of those seeking to 
revitalize the world body. Ironically, this same 
intensity seems likely to ensure that it will not 


Supporters of Security Council reform hope 
that this year's assembly meeting will produce a 
“framework’ ' resolution stating that there should 
be five more permanent seats. But profound dis- 
putes about what powers the new seats should 
have and, more important, what commies should 
fill than, appear to stand in the way of translating 
the framework into reality. 

“My reading is that any attempt to force this 
during the current General Assembly session 


would be very divisive,*' Canada's external af- 
fairs minister. Lloyd Axworthy, said. 

Since the birth of the UN in 1945, the Security 
Council has been its most important body because 
it alone has die power to act against threats to 
world peace by ordering economic and diplomatic 
boycotts, sending peacekeeping missions or, as in 
the 1991 Gulf War, authorizing members to take 
collective military action. 

The council's permanent members — the 
United States, Russia, China, France and Britain 
— were the five principal World War II victors. 
Each of the permanent members has the power to 
veto any council decision. The 10 other seats 
rotate among countries elected for two-year terms 
from the various regional groupings. 

The United Stares long has backed permanent 
membership for Japan and Germany because of 
their enormous industrial and financial power. 
Among other things, Washington hopes that per- 
manent membership would make these countries 
willing to pay more of the organization's costs 
and thus reduce the U.S. share of the budget 

But Thixd World nations, which are a large 
majority of the UN membership, have refused to 
allow what they call an “elitist expansion" of the 
Security Council unless they are included. That 
has led ro the idea, approved in principle by 
President Bill Clinton’s administration, of giving 
one permanent seat each to Latin America, Africa 
and Asia. 

At that point the drive for expansion bogs down 
over two thorny issues: whether the new per- 


manent members should have veto powers, and 
which countries should occupy the seats allocated 
to the three Third World regions. 

Most UN members oppose giving the veto 
power to any newcomers, but Germany and Japan 
insist on having the same powers as the five 
current permanent members. 

As to the seats for the underdeveloped coun- 
tries, intense rivalries among countries in each 
region threaten to overwhelm any consensus 
about who should be chosen. 

In Latin America, die biggest country, Brazil, 
would probably be challenged by Mexico, Ar- 
gentina and others on the grounds that its Por- 
tuguese origins do not make it a suitable rep- 
resentative of the region’s dominant Spanish 
heritage. 

Nigeria, the largest country in black Africa, has 
a repressive regime that has made it an international 
pariah and subject to rival claims from South 
Africa and Egypt. In Asia, India's candidacy would 
be resisted fiercely by Pakistan and Indonesia. 

Some diplomats say the problem could be solved 
by rotating the Third World seals among different 
countries. But many countries regard that as un- 
satisfactory because such seats almost certainly 
would not have the veto and would be indis- 
tinguishable from the 10 seats that rotate now. 

Nor do the problems stop there. 

The Arab countries, spread from Africa to Asia, 
say they should have their own permanent seat So 
do die former Communist countries of Eastern 
Europe. 






ITALIAN IN MOSCOW — Prime Minister Romano Prodi, right, taking a 
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Yeltsin Moves to Cut 
Nuclear Stockpile 


The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — President 
Boris Yeltsin said Monday 
that Russia would make a sig- 
nificant reduction in its stock-. 

cnrichetf uranium as part of an 
overall nuclear cutback. 

I - In a letter tb the Geneva- 
based International Atomic 
Eoeigy Agency, which is 
holding its 41st general ses- 
sion, Mr. Yeltsin said Russia 
would remove 500 tons of 
weapons-grade uranium and 
50 tons of plutonium from its 
military programs. 

* ’The rate and stages of this 
process will, of course, be de- 
pendent on both the dismant- 
ling of-nuclear weapons un- 
der die agreements on nuclear 
disarmament and the con- 
struction of proper storage of 

lic-by-his-press-office?-- 

1 Russia will still retain a 
large nuclear' arsenal. The 
START-2 disarmament 
agreement set a warhead limit 
of 3,500 each for the United 
States and Russia, down from 
about 8.000. . 

Mr. Yeltsin signed the 
agreement with the : United 


States in 1993, but Russia* 
Parliament bas not yet actc 
tb ratify the treaty. ™ 

Last week, the U.S. anify 
Russia agreed to extend ^ 
Russian deadline on dismant- 
ling weapons, but at the sami*^ 
time opened the way to widei^ 
new agreements. 

A recent study concluded.: 
that a total of 1,750 tons cjK 
hi ghl y enriched uranium ana]! 
230 tons of plutonium ha^ 
been produced worldwide fog-) 
military purposes over thjfj. 
last 50 years. w 

In his message to the In^ 
temational Atomic Energ^ 
Agency, President Yells 
said: “I believe this, decision 
will directly contribut 
irreversibility, of the 
disarmament process, 
dence-buiiding and 


- 7£>i Ea£t weex“TOfe'u.». 
-president, Al-Gore? si 
agreement with Russia to 
convert . Russia’s three ^re- 
maining • plutonium-produ- 
cing plants to uranium for ci- 
vilian power plants. 

The plant conversions, tb 
begin in 2000, will take place 
with technical assistance and 
money from Washington. 


BRIEFLY 


12 Killed in Algerian School 

ALGIERS — Militants descended on a village school, 
shooting or slashing to death 1 1 women teachers and a 
male instructor who tried to stop the massacre as students 
watched in horror, witnesses said Monday. 

While militants have singled out schools with bomb- 
ings and killed some schoolgirls who refused to wear 
veils, the massacre at the school Saturday was the first of 
the five-and-a-half-year-old Muslim insurgency. 

The attack at Ain Adden School took plaice in the 
village of Sfisef, 440 kilometers (260 miles) southwest of 
Algiers, reported the independent daily newspapers 
Liberte and Le Matin. (AP). 

Iraq Reports Air Attack by Iran 

' BAGHDAD — Iranian planes bombed two military ' 
bases of an Iranian opposition group inside Iraq on 
Monday, the rebels said. 

The official Iraqi press agency said that the Iraqi Air! 
Fume .scrambled jets to chase off the I ranian planes. The 
agency quoted the Foreign Ministry as having accused Iran 
of violating “Iraq's sovereignty and airspace.’ ’ 

The Mujahidin Khalq said that two Iraqi civilians were 
wounded in the raids but that there were no other cas- 
ualties. A spokesman said that nine Iranian fighter- , i 
bombers attacked two bases, one north of Baghdad and ? 
the other south. 

There was no immediate comment from Iran. (API 3 

Fire at Asylum Kills 31 in Chilel 

SANTIAGO — ■ At least 31 people, most of them 
children, were killed Monday in a fire at a home for th! 
mentally retarded, Chilean officials said. . I 

Guillermo Vidid, the direoor of the foundation thf 
operates the Los Ceibos home in the northern Santjap 
suburb of Colina, said that at least six residents dr 
■ m is sin g and that three were hospitalized with sew 
injuries.. | 

At least 126 residents were evacuated and sent/ 
local school and to homes in Santiago. (ReiM ' 


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9 y\c* 


INTERNATIONAL HERA LD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 

INTERNATIONAL 


PAGE 7 





i Brings Relief, but Asian ToO Rises 

Reopen and Sun Bursts Out, Yet Pessimism Is in the Air 


V AsqgjtFrance-Pnste 

iJAKAgTA — Winds and 
u6ayy ramson the Malaysian 
pcninsnMud Borneo contin- 
ued bringing relief Monday to 
Bullions <^T Southeast A sons 
choking beneath tone smog, 
but the death mil rose from 
forest fire| in Indonesia 
./As Indonesia buried vic- 
tims of ait; airliner crash and 
Malaysian navy divers 
^^arched ft* 29 victims of a 
snip collision in the Strait of 
Malacca — the may 
hfve been factors in both ac- 
cidents — a Jakarta newspa- 
') per r e ported another A»awfi 
the environmental car 


:.Xn die Philippines, die Ori- 
ent Airlines Association, 
«4dch groups most of the re- 
Sfon’s airlines, played down 
the impact of the fires. A 
spokesman said modem nav- 


igational aids had limited the 
adverse effects. 

As a state of emergency 
was lifted after 10 days, 
schools reopened, and resi- 
dents returned to work Mon- 
day. The western half of 
Borneo basked in rare sun- 
shine after heavy rain and 
changing winds lifted the 
haze. Downpours in Kuala 
Lumpur forced the air-pollut- 
ant udex down 30 percent 
Monday, with similar im- 
provements in other cities. 

But a meteorologist 
warned that the ram-laden 

easterly winds from the South 
China Sea were “likely tore- 
vert to southeasterly and 
southerly direction and bring 
back the smoke” after two 
days, and that long-term relief 
was only expected with the 
November monsoons. 

The smog has been blamed 


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Lhina Experiments 
With Lethal Injections 

Room dergoing farther study by the 

BEIJING — China has Supreme Court and the Min- 


Reutcrs 

BEIJING — — China has 
secretly executed more than 
20 death-row convicts by 
{ lethal injection, in experi- 
ments to find an alternative to 
executions by shooting, a 
state newspaper reported. 

Officials were so satisfied 
with the results that China 
olay scrap the use of bullets, 
reported'. Liaoning Daily 
weekend which was avail- 
able in Beijing on Monday. 

Lethal injection was rafi- 
fiifd by a new c riminal Jaw 
that took effect Jan. 1. 

The newspaper said lethal 
injections had been used 22 
tunes since March under die 
a dminis tration of .die Kun- 
nttng Intermediate People’s 
Court in die southwestern 
province of Yunnan. 

The city u a center for a 
flourishing illegal drugs 
trhde, and. many traffickers 
^ hkve been executed there. 
-The paper said the execu- 
tions had*fieen so “success- 
fed” that tfie method was un- 


istry of Health in Beijing. 

It also asserted that the in- 
jections proved far less trau- 
matic than the usual method 
of execution, in which con- 
demned prisoners' hands are 
tied behind their backs, they 
are forced to kneel and are 
shot by a police officer in the 
back of the head or the heart. 

The family must pay for the 
bullet 

“No small number of pris- 
oners under sentence of death 
had raised requests for lethal i 
injection,” the newspaper re- 
ported- It quoted the director 
of the Kunming Inte rmediate 
Court as saying, “This is a 
kind of euthanasia.” 

The paper said that on Aug. 
6, five death-row convicts 
were executed by lethal in- 
jection. AH appeared calm, 
did not have to be tied up and 
voluntarily rolled up their 
sleeves for the needle, it said. 

One even voiced his grat- 
itude, the paper reported. 


* ■. - 

... 

; ' J--T - 


BRIEFLY 


o- - ■ 

Australia Inquiry Is Ruled Out 

CANBERRA — Prime Minister John Howard ruled 
^ut bn Monday appointing a judicial inquiry into the 
^misuse of travel allowances and denied any knowledge of 
ip cover-up that has rocked his governmenL 

“Tbe answer to a judicial inquiry is no, and I would 
renrind the Parliament that iro allegation with any skemck 
rfsoapj of credibility or respectability has been made 
fagainstine, none whatsoever,” Mr. Howard said. 

* The prime minister has been under pressure to call fee 
.-inquiry since his office was implicated in the attempted 
■’ cover-up of thousands of downs of wrongly claimed 
I travel expenses by members of the government 
{ Two ministers resigned and Mr. Howard's senior polit- 
} ical adviser and another staff member were dismissed 
I after the improper claims and.tbe alleged cover-up were 
; revealed. Tbe staff members were allegedly told about ihe 
i improper claims in May, 

!, A third minister resigned after admitting separate 
j wrong claims. ' (AP) 

; U,S. Carrier Visits Hong Kong 

i HONG KONG — The U.S. aircraft earner Nimitz, 


,irt> l‘ r in 




vmtedHcmg Kong on Monday, its first since Beijing took 
control of the territory in My. 

“It's very important for us to encourage the rela- 
I tionships we have with m»rnl*nrf China right now, par- 
] ticularfy economically,” Rear Admiral John Narhman 

! “We have military contacts and those are very im- 
[ portent for us,” be added. “For the obvious reasons, die 
; more we know each other the better our relati o nsh ip will 
! be.” • 

i Ihe Nrmitz heads a battle group of six ships, and many 
{ of its 3,000 personnel are taking shore leave in Hoag 




i President Bill Canton sent the Nimitz to take up a 
[ position off Taiwan in March of last year when China 
[ conducted military exercises, mclnriing the firing of 
i missiles in the region. ( Reuters ) 


Manila Phases OutLeaded Gas 

MANILA — President Hdcl Ramos on Monday 
ordered the use of leaded gasoline phased out over the 
next three years to ease worsening air pollution in the 


} An executive order si gn ed by Mr. Ramos requires that 
! leaded ga* b g - terririi vrri from the marke t in toe Manila area 

[ by Jan. l; 2000; and in the rest of die country a year later, 
j Mr. Ramos called the order “very timely” because of a 
} number of environmental problems confronting toe P hil- 
; » ippines, indaRng haze fr om Indonesian forest fires that 
‘-has enshrouded some areas in the country’s southern 
-region. (AT) 

[Seoul Extends Land Mine Curb 


UNTIED NATIONS, JNew York —The South Korean 
'foreign n" T » gffT said Monday that his country would 
.if' 'extend indefinitely .its nviraffirim n on exporting anP- 
| Vjl personnel mines but cordd^oot accept toe international 

! ^ 1 1 {treaty banning those weapons because of tensi o ns with 

k I , 1 1 t he Nor th 

, •: v j Fo reign Minis ter Yoo Chong Ha acknowledged tbe 
[s uffering earned by anti-personnel mines, which a newly 

. • v ;i (negotiated treaty seeks to baiL.nieUmted States refund 

' * , * 1 fo accept the treaty after foiling to win an exception for the 

* V 1 {Korean Peninsula. . ' 

. ;i-' Ml Yoo said South Korea had decided ‘to extend fiff 

u; ^ I an ind gfjnttr. period its moratorium on the export of anti- 

* ’ . pwsonnel land mines, which was to expire at the end or 


for widespread fires spread- 
ing through some of the 
world's largest tropical rain- 
forests. Tbe fires nave been 
made worse by drought as- 
sociated with the climatic 

S henomenon known as El 
Fino. 

Indonesia's timber barons 
denied responsibility Mon- 
day , even as they announced a 
200 billion rupiah ($65.9 mil- 
lion) fund to combat the fires 
and a separate aid package to 


An Indonesian newspaper 
said drat a 25-year-old man 
died last weekend in foe 
Sumatran city of Pekanbam, 
where more than 500 people 
have flocked to hospitals with 
respiratory problems. 

In Batam, close to Singa- 
pore, the stale hospital report- 
ed a 65 percent rise in cases of 
respiratory problems, foe Me- 
dia Indonesia daily said. 

Amid stinging criticism 
from neighbors, including 
one from Thailand’s Nation 
daily, which described the 
fires as “acts of environmen- 
tal terrorism,” Indonesian of- 
ficials sought to enlist tbe 


country's huge population in 
the battle. 

Environment Minister Sar- 
wono Kmmnaatmadj a called 
for more intense action to 
combat foe fires at “local 
levels.” 

Mr. Sarwono urged farm- 
ers on the island of Sulawesi 
to try an protect key export 
crops such as cacao, vanilla, 
coffee from the fires, state- 
run Antara news agency 
said. 

Barita M&nullang, foe 
World Wide Fund for 
Nature’s project coordinator 
in Indonesia, said that 40,000 
to 60.000 hectares (98,800 
acres to 150.000 acres) of 
protected forests had already 
burned and that foe number erf 
fires had substantially in- 
creased in recent days. 

Sources with access to 
satellite information said the 
fires had devastated 600,000 
to 800,000 hectares on 
Sumatra and Borneo. 

Meanwhile, doctors and 
fire and pollution experts left 
Japan for Malaysia and In- 
donesia to help combat foe 
fires and their damage. 



Taleban Policemen Seize 
EU Official at Gunpoint 

Bonino and 18 Freed After Camera Dispute 


hgrwrc Fr »«r r 

Emma Bonino said Kalashnikovs 
gave her an insight to life in KabuL 


Reuters 

KABUL — Armed religious po- 
licemen of foe Islamic Taleban move- 
ment m Afghanistan detained the 
European Union’s commissioner for 
humanitarian aid and 18 other people 
on Monday. 

Tbe Afghans held the 19 for three 
and a half boors before releasing them 
and apologizing. 

“I was scared because they were 
fully armed and had Kalashnikovs 
pointed at us,” said the commissioner, 

Emma Bonino. 

Mrs. Bonino was arrested during a 
visit to a women's hospital. The Tale- 
ban accused journalists with her of 
taking photographs of women, which 
is an offense under Taleban regula- 
tions. 

Sbe said that foe experience had 
given her a taste of the tension in 
Afghanistan. 

“This is an example of how people 
live here every day: in a situation of 
random terra'.” she said. 

Mrs. Bonino said she had been men- 
aced during the incident. 

“I have been threatened by a guy 
with a Kalashnikov,” she said. “The 


situation was very tense for some 
time.” 

Mrs. Bonino' s spokesman said foe 
journalists accompanying hex were un- 
aware of foe ban -on cameras and 
stopped filming when asked. 

Mrs. Bonino went up die stairs to 
talk to foe directrarof the clinic, said foe 
spokesman, Filippo di Robilant. 

‘ ‘Meanwhile, he added, “the press 
had entered foe wards — no one had 
told her not to — they had been filming 
for 10 minutes and when they were 
told to stop they packed up.” 

Mrs. Bonino was in Kabul for a 24- 
hour visit to assess foe effect of die $40 
million foe European Union has given 
in aid. 

■ Taleban Takes Key Airport 

The Taleban milit ia captured foe 
airport of Mazar-i-Sharif, the capital of 
the opposition coalition in foe north of 
Afghanistan, on Monday, according to 
an Agence France-Press dispatch from 
Islamabad, Pakistan. 

The agency attributed the informa- 
tion to foe Afghan Islamic Press, a 
private agency based in Peshawar, in 
northwestern Pakistan- 


,ep. 


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PAGE 8 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 36, 1997 



INTERNA TI ONAL 



More 

Imports 

mmQRons 

800 _ 

Foreign 

0 # potatds 

600 _ 

Produce 


400. 

At Local 


200_ 

Markets 


0_ 

■1 


cucum- 

bers 


water- 

melons 


GRAPE- 

Fnurr 


KnfflFRurr papayas 


straw- 

berries 


sweet 

CORN 


CAULI- 

FLOWER 


MANGO ONIONS 


SELL 

PEPPERS 


ASPARA- 

GUS 


LEMONS GRAPES 


i The amount of fruits 
■ and vegetables 
' imported to tire 
' United States has 
risen in recent years, 
: although tests of 
1 imported foods by 
toe FDA have been 
' cut nearly m half. 


Imports as 
a percentage 
of total supply 
In last year for 
which data was 
available 



—I T — 

*97 ‘90 '97 -90 


jU 



»HUi- 



'97 '90 ’37 '90 *97 "90 


: 188 T; 




’97 ’90 '97 

||p 







; Here are examples of 
‘ rising imports. 



Food-Safety System Is Swamped by Booming Global Imports 

— ■ _ _ 1 t / I t *iM«in llninf^nWwl ktmpnWurf ika tiAAm Tk« vwAklAMn »h«» man IvlpaTli fn tiovd «n in f- m if inn TTTmflrt r»n QAlft * 'Yoil doll t have poll 


'-'-rt 


By Jeff Gerth and Tim Weiner 

New York Times Service 


WASHINGTON — Since the 1980s. 
food imports to the United States have 
doubled. But federal inspections of those 
imports by the Food and Drug Admin- 
istration have dropped to less than half 
what they were five years ago. 

Now, public-health scientists say the)' 
are seeing more outbreaks of disease 
linked to imported food, particularly 
fresh fruit and vegetables. 

These are known to have sickened 
thousands of Americans, and the report- 
ed cases are a small fraction of the actual 
number of people made ill, according to 
scientists at the Centers for Disease Con- 
trol and Prevention in Atlanta. 

The scientists' list of outbreaks in the 
1990s implicates imported foods — in- 
cluding raspberries from Guatemala and 
carrots from Peru; strawberries, scallions 


and cantaloupes from Mexico; coconut 
milk from Thailand: canned mushrooms 
from China; an Israeli snack food, and a 
multinational batch of alfalfa sprouts — 
in a variety of infectious diseases. 

The increase in imports has strained the 
nation's food-safety system, said David 
Kessler, commissioner of the Food and 
Drug Administration from 1990 through 
February 1997. *‘We built a system back 
100 years ago that served us very well for 
a world within our borders," he said in an 
interview. “We didn't build a system for 
the global marketplace." 

Most of the food imported to the 
United States is wholesome. 

Millions of consumers, knowing that 
fresh produce is good for their health, 
now buy fruits and vegetables imported 
from around the world, regardless of the 
season, and without ill effect. 

But the illnesses that have been im- 
ported along with some of the produce 


are an unintended byproduct of the boom 
in international trade. 

There is "a tension between the two 
goals of safety and trade," said Mickey 
Kantor, President Bill Clinton's first 
trade representative, who helped posh 
global trade to the top of the admin- 
istration's agenda. “You want to open 
markets but not lower standards. And 
that's easy to say. but very, very difficult 
to carry oul” 

Scientists are recognizing that “free 
trade may present problems that are as- 
sociated with food poisoning." said 
Marguerite Neill, a specialist in infec- 
tious diseases and a member of a federal 
advisory panel drafting new food-safety 
standards. 

These problems cut both ways: radish 
sprouts from Oregon seeds sickened 
people in Japan in March, and South 
Korea said it detected E. coli bacteria in a 
shipment of frozen U.S. beef last week. 


The problems that imports may pose 
for American consumers include pol- 
luted water used to grow food in Third 
World nations, faulty safety systems in 
countries where the foods are produced 
and a lack of natural immunity to exotic 
microbes rarely if ever seen in this conn- 
try. 

“Certain viruses, bactena and para- 
sites may be posing a unique problem in 
the U.S. because we haven’t tended to be 
exposed to them," Dr. Neill said. 

Yasmine Motarjemi, a food-safety 
scientist for the World Health Orga- 
nization, said it, too, believed that global 
trade ‘ ‘brings new pathogens into coun- 
tries which are not immune." 

Those problems were foreseeable — 
and foreseen. 

In 1 994, a Centers for Disease Control 
report said. “As trade and economic 
developments like NAFTA take place, 
the globalization of food supplies is 


likely to have an increasing impact on 
foodbome illnesses." 

In 1993, the Food and Drug Admin- 
istration, in a memorandum citing 
“enormous inefficiencies in the c orient 
food-protection system" and die “ever- 
increasing challenges' ’ posed by rapidly 
growing imports, asked die Clinton ad- 
ministration for legislation giving it 
power to bar all food — including fruits, 
grains, vegetables and fish — imported 
from any country with an inferior food- 
safety system. 

The Agriculture Department has such 
amhority over imported meat and 
poultry. Bnt the Food and Drug Ad- 
ministration did not acquire that power. 

Dr. Kessler said that he told die Bush 
and Clinton administrations that the 
safety system for imported food was 
inadsouate and outdated. 


i 


“How is il physically possible to in- 
sure the safety of imported food?" he 


said. “You don't have police power, 
throughout the world. Inspecting^ ai the**. 
border has a limited value. You’re lor!, 
with real risks.’ ’ 

Now these risks figure in the pohfipar 
debate about free trade. The admass^ . . 
nation wants the power to sign new free- . 
trade pacts without Congress changing 

the language of the agreements. . r - 

Opponents of that “fast track” an-l 
thority raise the food-safety flag, while j 
some food growers say that the risks * 
from imports are insignificant, and that r 
the Centers for Disease Control exag- ; 
gerate them. ; . 

The disease control agency says dis- • 
eases borne by domestic and foreign 1 ■; 
foods kill thousands of Americans and > .. 
sicken millions, perhaps tens of mil- 1 /. 
lions, every year — mostly die very { - 
young, the very old and die very ilL I» <- • 
scientists say that almost none of those j 
cases are traced back to their cause. . - j .. 

— j# 


HONG KONG: Not Much Has Changed FRANCE: Church Apology and Papon Trial to Offer a Last Re-examination of Vichy Eral 


Continued from Page 1 


sia and other markets hit by the recent 
currency turmoil in East Asia 

If there is disquiet among Hong 
Kong's 6.5 million residents, they are 
not declaring it either. In a poll con- 
ducted last month, the approval rating 
for Mr. Tung had risen to a startling 82 
percent from 57 percent at the time of the 
handover July 1. 

“I have considerable faith in Mr. 
Tung,” Mr. Strickland said. “He lived 
in New York City for 15 years. His 
secondary and tertiary education took 
place in Britain, and he is no stranger to 
the rest of the world. We trust him.” 

The bottom line, it appears, is that 
most bankers and executives take a fairly 
cynical view of the political scene. 

“People don't see the arrangements 
for the election next May as being ideal, 
but let us say that they are within the 
range of the acceptable,” said William 
Overholt, a longtime Hong Kong res- 
ident who is managing director of 
Bankers Trust here. 

“No reporters have been put in jail,” 
he added. “Martin Lee has a demon- 
stration every day, but so far he has been 
unable to attract any repression. It's nor 
even an issue here.” 

If there i s one issue that is being talked 
about over lunch by bankers and busi- 
ness people, here it is not politics, but 
Hong Kcmg’s slump in tourism. 

Last year, more than 1 1 milli on vis- 
itors came to Hong Kong, including the 
many Japanese tourists who help to sus- 
tain the island’s glitzy shops and res- 
taurants. This year, the total number of 
visitors during July, immediately after 
the handover, fell 35.2 percent, accord- 
ing to the Hong Kong Tourist Asso- 
ciation, and the number of Japanese 
tourists was down 62 percent from a year 
earlier. Tbe general decline continued in 
August 


Apart from the immediate impact on 
the retail sector, the most noticeable 
impact was at Hong Kong’s expensive 
hotels, where occupancy rates dropped 
to just 58 percent in July from 87 percent 
a year earlier. 

While some in Hong Kong say Jap- 
anese tourists may have curtailed their 
shopping trips here because of fears 
about instability after the handover, 
there are other, more explicitly econom- 
ic reasons for the general slump. 

For one thing, the Japanese people are 
facing hard times and are spending less, 
both at home and abroad. In addition, 
Hong Kong's retail and hotel prices are 
extremely high, and several business 
people and even government officials 
said that in the buildup (o the handover to 
Beijing, actions by the hotel industry had 
discouraged tourists. 

“There was an element of greed by 
hoteliers," Donald Tsang, Hong Kong's 
financial secretary, conceded. He said 
some hotels bad demanded a minimum 
five-day stay or set prices too high. 

Another factor contributing to the 
hotel and retail slump was the East Asian 
currency crisis, which has meant that 
visitors from Southeast Asia, faced with 
the strong Hong Kong dollar, simply 
find it too expensive to come. 

Airlines have suffered too. On Mon- 
day, David Turnbull, managing director 
of Cathay Pacific Airways, said the air- 
line bad experienced its “worst situation 
for passenger revenue in decades" and 
added, “our load factors are appalling 
and have been so since May." 

In addition, a number of local officials 
are calling on hotels to cut prices and 
offer other initiatives to spur tourism. 
Aray Chan, executive director of die 
Hong Kong Tourist Association, has 
said that a new task force — including 
airlines, hotels, tour operators, travel 
agents and retailers — should examine 
the reasons for the decline in visitors. 


Continued from Page 1 


DIANA: She Told All, British Writer Says 


Continued from Page X 


“The world and his wife are now 
writing books and memoirs,” he said. 

A spokesman for Buckingham Palace 
condemned the decision to publish a new 
edition, saying, “The book is nothing 
new, bat the timing of its re-release is 
particularly sad, coming as it does so 
soon after the princess's death." 

Teresa Gorman, a Conservative mem- 
ber of Parliament, said that Mr. Morton 
had “plainly breached the trust of the 
princess who obviously wanted her part 
in this affair to remain secreL" 

Mr. Morton said Earl Spencer, who in 
his eulogy at Diana's funeral described 
his sister as a woman hunted down by the 
press, had spoken to him at length about 
the princess’s childhood to the age of 18, 
though not about her marriage. 

At the time that Mr. Morton's book 
came out, there was widespread public 
suspicion that the fabled marriage had 
come undone. But the book supplied 
detailed accounts of Diana's suspicions 
that Charles had returned to his first love, 
Camilla Parker Bowles, and of Diana's 
eating disorders and suicide attempts. 

The Tunes published pictures Mon- 
day of several pages of the original 
manuscript with self-protective annota- 
tions made by the princess. In one case, 
she revised a reference to Charles as the 


man she “longed to many" by crossing 
out those words and writing in “was in 
love with." 

Next to a passage saying that her early 
job working at a dance school for youths 
consisted of “basically playing Ring-a- 
Ringo’ Roses” she wrote, “ballet teacher 
course too.’ ’ and at apoint where the book 
said that as a teenager she had “no burn- 
ing ambitions," she penned in “Did !” 

Mr. Morton said he was asked to be- 
come the conduit for her story after Di- 
ana learned he was preparing a biog- 
raphy of her. A friend of Diana’s told him 
the princess been impressed by his fair- 
ness to her in articles and books he had 
written during his years as die royal 
correspondent for two tabloids, the News 
of the World and ihe Daily Mail. 

He said he had never talked to Diana in 
person, using someone he identified only 
as “a trusted intermediary" to cany 
questions from him to Kensington Palace 
in the summer and fall of 1991 and to 
return with transcripts of her answers. 

M Memorial Is Planned 


Diana’s brother said Monday that a 
permanent memorial would be set up for 
her at the family home in Althorp, central 
England, Reuters reported from London. 
Lend Spencer said details of the me- 
morial, which would be open to the pub- 
lic, would be announced in October. 


trial oT Maurice Papon will reflect 
France's continuing struggle between 
the therapeutic amnesia that prevailed 
here long after the war ended and the 
forced recovery of facts that the nation 
has endured as a younger generation 
came of age. 

When Mr. Papon, 87. and still defiant, 
takes the stand to face charges of crimes 
against humanity in the deaths of 1 ,560 
Jews, the nation looking on will be ex- 
pecting — with dread, with relief — 
more than a determination of guilt or 
innocence about his behavior from 1942 
to 1944. 

That was when Mr. Papon was the 
second-highest official in Bordeaux, ful- 
filling the orders of the wartime gov- 
ernment in Vichy, which pledged itself 
to “collaborate honorably” with the 
German occupiers by administering the 
conquered land 

His responsibilities included enfor- 
cing die range of laws pertaining to 
Jews: their identification, their compuls- 
ory wearing of the Star of David, the 
requisitioning of their property, the strict 
control of their coming and going and 
ultimately their arrest and deportation. 

Through Mr. Papon, the French 
people of 1997 will be getting a judg- 
ment on the behavior of an earlier gen- 
eration not long dead or living its last 
years. 

It was a generation demoralized by a 
crushing defeat at the hands of the Ger- 
mans in 1940, yearning for normalcy, 
the basic requirements of life and a 
semblance of harmony with the con- 
querors they believed would be dom- 
inating Europe for a long time. 

Those who chose to collaborate, in 
minor ways and major, may have be- 
lieved that they were “preparing a new 
French renaissance," in me words of 
Francois Lehideux, the last surviving 
member of the cabinet of Marshal Phil- 
ippe Petain, the Vichy leader. 

Except in his indignation, Mr. Papon 
is not far from the view of his accusers, 
of whom he said in a recent interview 
with a sympathetic historical journal: 
“Upon the person that I was, they want 
to graft a trial of as administration and of 
France itself. They want to implicate the 
country as a co-author of genocide. 

“I am tbe designated victim." 

In that interview as elsewhere, Mr. 
Papon has compared his alleged per- 
secution (by “Communists” and “left- 
wing lobbies of the press and the ju- 
diciary”) to that of France’s most fa- 
mous Jewish scapegoat. Captain Alfred 
Dreyfus, whose case at the turn of the 
last century divided France and marked 
it with the stain of anti-Semitism. 

What is most likely to emerge from 
the tiial in Bordeaux, which is expected 
to last into December, is a portrait of a 
pluperfect French civil servant, one 
who, in his own words, though not in 
reference to the Vichy period, “has no 
crisis of conscience when he is obeying 
the orders of the state.” 

According to a French historian, Mare 
Olivier Baruch, the wartime function- 
aries who obeyed the orders of the state 
“were apparently neither anti-Semites 
nor xenophobes,” 

They were, he told Le Nouvel Ob- 
servateur magazine, seized by the chal- 
lenge “to innovate, to test their ima- 
ginations." 

They were preoccupied with such 
technical questions as “what to do with 


Jews on sick leave or the problem of 
non-Jews living apart from their Jewish 
spouses.” 

- Mr. Papon * s career of service after the 
war is perhaps the most striking emblem 
of France’s wifi to forger in the decades 
after the Liberation. 

In 1944, only days after the Germans 
had been driven from France under Al- 
lied assault. General Charles de Gaulle 
arrived in Bordeaux to greet his people. 
At his side on the steps of City HalL 
preparing to assume his new position in 
the Bordeaux government of Free 
France, was Mr. Papon, the embodiment 
of a dark page in history’ newly and 
neatly ruroed. 

Far from having been stigmatized by 
his punctilious observance of Nazi or- 
ders, Mr. Papon was promoted at once to 
a position of authority in the region. That 
is evidence, he says now. that he had 
been a member of the Resistance all 
along. 

There followed postings of increasing 
responsibility in Paris. Corsica and Al- 
geria. 

In 1958, just before de Gaulle re- 


turned to power under the newly pro- 
mulgated Fifth Republic, Mr. Papon be- 
came the police chief of Paris. De Gaulle 
retained him, and Mr. Papon served nine 
years, through the turbulent period of 
Algeria's independence movement and 
of die terrorism it sparked at home as a 
violent French underground sought to 
maintain Algeria as part of France. 

Under Mr. Papon as police chief, as 
many 2 s 200 .Algerians were pat to their 
unrecorded deaths in the Seine River 
during street demonstrations in 1961. 
The following year, eight French dem- 
onstrators protesting anti-independence 
terrorism were crushed to death in a 
police action at a Paris subway station. It 
was in a letter at that time that Mr. Papon 
offered his dictum about conscience 
having no place in the service of tbe 
state. 

That period was no constraint on Mr. 
Papon’s subsequent career. He was 
briefly an aerospace executive, then a 
member of the National Assembly and 
treasurer of the Gaullist party under 
President Georges Pompidou. 

Finally, from 1978 to 1981, be was 


budget minister in the cabinet under J- r 
President Valery Giscard d’Estaiog ~ A 

Mr. Papon's service as a youngi»-J ' .. 
reaucrat in Bordeaux looked to be barife^. , 
forever — until May 6. 1981. In the he&V- 
of the presidential campaign that would 
dislodge Mr. Giscard d’Estaing and 
bring Francois Mitterrand to the pres- , 
i deucy, Le Canard Enchaine, tbe French 
satirical paper, published tbe Gist doc= .__ I 
uments indicating Mr. Papon’srole 
the arrest and deportation of Bordeaux- 
areaJews. 

Mr. Papon and his lawyers insist that - 
the publication was a political dirty trick. ’ ; 
Mr. Mitterrand, in a 1988 meeting with 
Mr. Papon’s supporters, judged me af- 
fair a matter of “settling scores,” they 
said. ' 

Whatever the case, he was pushed into. 
the protracted final actofhislife: the l6- 
year defense of his reputation that comes 
to trial on Ocl 8. 


“Because this is a political trial, the 
lie is cast in advance," he told the 


die 

magazine Enquete sur t'Histoire. “I 
have no confidence in this sad era. His- 
torians, later, will establish the truth." . 


IRAN: France Warns U.S. Not to Apply Sanctions for Gas Deal 


Continued from Page 1 

said the sale had long been planned and 
the fact it happened on the eve of the 
signing of the Iranian contract was a 
coincidence. Whatever the reasons for 
the sale, it appeared certain to make it 
more difficult for any eventual sanctions 
to be applied. 

The sanctions law. pushed through by 
Senator AJfonse D ’Amato, Republican 
of New York, and Senator Edward 
Kennedy, Democrat of Massachusetts, 
has never been applied 

The president has a maximum of 1 80 
days to review the situation. He may 
decide to waive sanctions in certain lim- 
ited conditions, but he would have to 
demonstrate to Congress that France's 
policies toward Iran are acceptable. 

The Russian gas company, Gazprom, 
and the Malaysian state oil company, 
Petronas, also have stakes in the project to 
exploit large offshore gas reserves in the 


Pars-e Jonubi field. Each has a 30 percent 
share, while Total has 40 percent. Thus 
Russia and Malaysia are also vulnerable 
to sanctions. 

As with the Heims-Burton Act that 
calls for sanctions against foreign compa- 
nies doing business in Cuba, Mr. Clinton 
will be faced with the delicate task of 
steering a course between tbe outrage of 
European allies opposed to any extension 
of American law to their companies and 
the broadsides from U.S. qnarters. 

In a statement Monday, Mr. D’ Amato 
said Total was trying to “precipitate a 
dispute” and “should be sanctioned to 
the fullest extent of the law.” Under the 
law. Total could be denied credits, pub- 
lic contracts and the right to export to the 
United States, among other measures. 

The contract was signed less than a 
week after Vice President A1 Gore said a 
U.S. intelligence report on Iran showed 
“a vigorous effort by Iran to obtain the 
technologies it needs to build a ballistic 


missile and to build nuclear weapons." . 

In an interview Monday with the', 
aewspaper Le Monde, the president of. 
Total, Thierry Desmarest, said the com- 
pany had the full support of the gov- 
ernment and scorned the American ar- 
gument that the contract could help Iran 
sponsor terrorism or develop weapons. - 

“These stories about financing ter- 
rorism are absurd,” he said. “Iran pro- 
duces 3.6 million barrels of oil a day. ‘To 


say that the complementary production 
that will come from this new field in fo 


ieldinfpur 
years will permit Iran to finance terrorist 
actions, while the country gets most of 
its revenue form current production, has 
no sense whatsoever." 

Iran, Mr. Desmarest said, has about 10 
percent of the world's proven reserves of 
oil, and 20 percent or gas reserves, and 
Total planned to develop its activities 
there. “According to French, European 
and international law, we have a perfect 
right to invest in Iran,” he said. 


DRUGS: Russian Gangsters Trade Weapons for Dope in the Wfest 

Continued from Page I 


cial agent in charge of the Caribbean, 
based in San Juan, Puerto Rico. 

“There are Russian organized crime 
families based in Miami and New York 
that have strong ties to Puerto Rico,” he 
said. “They are very tight organizations, 

very difficult to penetrate, and they 
present us with language problems. 
Gathering intelligence is a problem." 

The Caribbean, with strict bank 
secrecy laws and lax financial-enf orce - 
ment mechanisms, is especially attract- 
ive to Russian criminal syndicates 
already entrenched in Europe, where 
there is a lucrative, growing market for 
cocaine in the former Soviet bloc na- 
tions, law enforcement sources say. 

“What makes the Russians so dan- 
gerous is that they are capable of so 
much: they are so sophisticated," said a 
senior Russia specialist with the DEA 
* We are talking about people with PhDs, 
former senior KGB agents with access to 


sophisticated weapons, people who have 
already laundered billions of dollars.” 

“The Colombian groups are one-di- 
mensional — drugs," one investigator 
said. ‘ ‘The traditional mafia is limited, but 
the Russians have hundreds of gangs with 
thousands of people around the world.” 

American and European intelligence 
officials said they had reports of recent 
meetings between Russian organized 
crime figures and representatives of the 
Cali cocaine cartel on the islands of 
Arnba, Sl Vincent and Antigua. 

The officials said the meetings ap- 
peared to be aimed at laying a foundation 
for long-term deals to supply weapons to 
tne Colombians in exchange for cocaine 
£ ;, S “P P I y rapidly crowing nuuie, in 
Russia and the rest ofthe former Soviet 
Bloc nations. 

In the last three months, the officials 
J* USSian vessels have 
TnS? ^ no ^ ern Colombian port of 
Turbo and are believed to have unloaded 
shipments of AK^7 assault rifles aS 


rocket-propelled grenades in exchange 
for drugs. It is perhaps a measure of the 
general level of violence in Colombia 
that authorities do not know whether. the 
weapons went to Marxist guerrillas, 
rightist paramilitary organizations or the 
Cali drug cartel. V ' 

Tun Moody, who investigated Russian 
organized crime for the FBI from 1971 
until retiring as deputy assistant director 
of the criminal division last year, said 
that what is striking about- the Russian 
organizations is that they, unlike other, 
crime groups, appear to bp'willing.to 
make deals with anyone. • , • 

“When they overlap wSi other crim- 
inal groups, they tend to setup cooper- 
ative efforts,” Mr. Moody and. “They, 
leant from the other gronp£, .and they 
work together. No one else does that M 
Mr. Moody said that more than 30 
Russian criminal or ganisati ons were 
now operating in the United States, In- 
cluding several that simp ly transplanted 
themselves from Russia taMiamL . 


e 








u * - ; t-._ 


DNTERNATIONAJL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 30, 1907 


PAGE 9 


INTERNATIONAL 



.oran Throwback to Colonialisi 

on Island Giddily Grid for Further Violence 


yBy Suzanne Daley 

V" New York Times Srrvic e 


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MUTSAMUDU, Comoros — The 
French flag can be seen these days all 
over the tiny island of Nzwani, flying 
high above this almost deserted port, 

havjfsa^atle cash that most exchanges 
are in barter.. 

Not long ago, the green and white 
crescent ipoon and stars of the Comoros 
hung on these flagpoles. But the people 
of this Indian Ocean island became 
something of a global oddity this year. 
They announced that they had had 
enough of independence and wished to 
be a French colony again. 

It is not hard to see why. Less than 40 
kilometers (25 miles) away is Mayotte, 
the only island in the Comoran ar- 
chipelago that voted in 1976 to stay 
French. .The people of Mayotte enjoy 
free education, health benefits and a 
m inimum wage. 

Nzwanis regularly brave sharks and 
stormy seas to sneak: over there. In 
Nzwani, which with Njazidja and Mwaii 
is part of the Islamic Republic of the 
ml hovers around 


them back, though. Njazidja is deter- 
mined to keep them in the fold. 

The Nzwani separatists repelled a 
government invasion early this month, 
beating back a force of 300 poorly or- 
ganized, hungry soldiers equipped with 
machine guns and rocket launchers. 

Hie attack was so badly planned that 
citizens all over the islands are snick- 
ering at the incompetence of President 
Mohammed Taki’s government. By the 
time the fight was over, dozens of the 
soldiers had deserted. Many of them 
were of Nzwani parentage and had had 
no idea they were being sent to do any- 
thing more than take down barricades. 

The separatists captured 100 of the 
soldiers, most of whom remain locked in 
a dilapidated former museum, where 
they will speak to journalists in ex- 
change for cigarettes. 

Few Nzwanis believe the fight is over. 
Paris is publicly taking an aims-length 
attitude, saying, that for now it continues 
to recognize Mr.Taki's authority over the 
island. France says political dialogue, not 
force, is the solution. The Organization of 
African Unity and the Arab League are 
Dying lo mediate a settlement. 


are so 
must 


Separatist leaders say they will not 
: finished with the 


Comoros, unemployment 

90 percent The rutted streets are clog g ed compromise — they are 
with rusting car carcasses. When the republic. “We will talk , we will discuss, 
rains come, overwhelming the water dis- we will explain, we will explain again,” 
tribution system, so does typhoid fever, said Mohammed Abdou Mhedi, a 
Njazidja, the capital island, is slightly spokesman for the movement ‘‘But we 
better oft. Nzwani and Mwaii, which cannot go back to the way things were,” 


also wants to secede, resent that. 

Nzwanis say that over the years the 
government has directed little develop- 
ment money here and that they have 
been unfairly taxed in subtle ways. For 
instance, they must go to Njazidja to get 
official documents, an expensive trip 
across the 80-kilometer strait. 

The French have not agreed to take 


go back to the way things 
Many islanders say that even if then- 
leaders tried to back down now, the 
people would not stand for it. They shrug 
off discomforts of the blackout caused by 
the government's refusal to deliver oil. 

Along the mazelike streets of Nzwani's 
capital, Mutsamudu, founded in 1482, it 
Is hard to find anyone who is not giddy 
with the victory and willing to fight again. 


U.S. Embassy in Kiev on Alert 


The Associated Proa 

KIEV — The U.S. Embassy here 
has stepped up security measures after 
receiving a warning of a terrorist risk, 
the embassy said Monday. 

"On Sept 26, the U.S. Embassy 
was notified by Ukrainian authorities 
' of a potential terrorist threat against 
U.S. government facilities in 
Ukraine,” the embassy said in a brief 
statement. 

“Over die weekend, the Ukrainian 
government took steps to deal with the 
situation, and the embassy has j>ut into 
effect the appropriate security pre 
caniiDpJk” . . 


Embassy officials did not make 
public details of the possible threat or 
of the additional security precautions. 

They made public the two-sentence 
announcement amid rumors that the 
Ukrainian Security Service had 
thwarted a terrorist plot against Amer- 
ican and Israeli diplomats. 

A spokesman for the service, the 
successor to the KGB in the former 
Soviet republic, said it had not 
thwarted an actual terrorist act against 
the U.S. or Israel recently. 

‘‘No act as such has been thwarted, 
because there was no such act,” said 
the spokesman, Anatoli Sakhno. . 


Even those whose bones were damaged 
in the assault nppiaiiH fhr separatists. 

Assiati. Said All Bocar, who is eight 
months pregnant and was showered with 
plaster when a rocket came through her 
kitchen ceiling, is convinced that 
Nzwani must fight on. “Things 
difficult here," she said. “We 
fight We need aid.” 

Political instability is not really new to 
(he Comoros. The heavily Muslim is- 
lands are overpopulated, rely heavily on 
French aid — even under independence 
— and earn only a bit of foreign ex- 
change from vanilla, yiang-ylang 
flowers used for perfume and a few 
tourists. In 22 years of independent in- 
digence, there have been 17 coups or 
attempts, often involving mercenaries. 

There were riots in the capital, Mor- 
oni, last week because of canceled stu- 
dent exams. The students marched and 
burned tires and pelted soldiers with 
stones. Tbs soldiers, unwillingto shoot, 
could do little but move back. The coun- 
try ran out of tear gas months ago 
quelling demonstrations in Nzwani. 

The invasion of Nzwani began in tbe 
early morning of Sept 3 with two boat- 
loads of soldiers disembarking near the 
airport, more than four miles from Mur- 
samudu. The soldiers were in civilian 
boars that had been commandeered in 
broad daylight in full view of the port of 
Moroni. They had not eaten for more 
than 24 hours, and some were seasick. 
They had not been told what their mis- 
sion was. 

In Mutsamudu, the separatists used 
the loudspeaker at the mosque to rally 
support Those who did not want to fight 
were asked to leave any weapons they 
owned on their doorsteps for others. 
When the soldiers arrived, they met a 
hail of ballets. 

“It became dear to us that this was 
not a movement but it was the will of the 
people,” said Ibrahim Djae, one of the 
imprisoned officers. “We realized we 
would have had to kill everybody, which 
we did not want to do, so we just tried to 
retreat But the boats were not there.” 

The defeat was so embarrassing that 
die government has failed to give an 
accounting of the fighting. It says that 
only two people died. Early on, the Co- 
moros Rea Crescent said that 56 people, 
40 of them soldiers, had been killed. 

The island’s nervous defenders have 
no idea what to expect now. At die airport 
recently, dozens of young separatists 
stood tensely on guard. Their weapons 
were a hodgepodge — from pistols stuck 
into ragged waistbands to AK-47s con- 
fiscated from government soldiers. 

“Yon have to understand,” Mr. 
Mhedi said. “We are just trying to pro- 
tect oortelve£’" 



T.TTtFJ,; 

Damages Reduced 

Continued from Page 1 

the courts were independent and free of 
political pressures. 

Mr. Jeyaretnazn and his lawyer, 
George Carman, charged that die case 
was entirely political and aimed ai bank- 


ftcagiAUaM* 

Mr. Jeyaretnam receiving a garland from a Singapore supporter Monday. 


Italy Seeking to Sue a Hijacker 

stir,” said Massimo Brachetti, a lawyer 
for the Italian government. 

Mr. Molky was sentenced to 30 years 
in prison for shooting Leon Klingh offer, 
a 69-year-old American tourist in a 
wheelchair, and dumping his body off 
tire Achille L&uro. 

tThe cruise ship had been hijacked by a 
hard-line faction of tire PLO. 

Mr. Molky was arrested after a month 
in Spain and was returned to Italy late 
last year. He went on trial last week. 


The Associated Press 

ROME — Italy was embarrassed 
when a Palestinian convicted in the 1985 
Achille Lanro hijacking did not ret ur n 
from a brief furlough granted for good 
behavior. 

Now Rome is taking it out on the 
terrorist himself, seeking permission 
Monday to sue him for harm to its image 
abroad. 

Majed Youssef Molky’s escape in 
February 1996 “created an international 


thus disqualifying hurt from Parliament. 

The defendant said be would fight the 
claims for damages brought by the other 
governing party leaders. 

“It could have been worse,” Mr. Je- 
yaretnam said. “So to that extent, of 
course, I am not that upset.’’ The case 
stemmed from an election campaign in 
which the governing party focused oo a 
Workers' Party candidate, Tam 
Hong, railing him as “anri-C 
Chinese chauvinist” who endangered 
racial harmony in Singapore. 

The People's Action Party, which has 
governed Singapore since 1959, won 81 
of Parliament's 83 seats in the election. 

MT. Tang filed police reports accusing 
Mr. Goh and his colleagues of criminal 
conspiracy and lying. lie left Singapore 
after he lost in the election, saying bis 
life bad been threatened, and has not 
returned. 

Mr. Goh and his colleagues sued him 
successfully for libel this year. They 
were awarded 8.08 million dollars in ^ 
damages, a Singapore record. Mr. Goh ’ 
was awarded 600,000 dollars. A verdict 
is pending in Mr. Tang's appeal against 
the awards. 

Mr. Jeyaretnam was given a parlia- 
mentary seat as the highest vote-getter . 
among losing candidates, under a con- 
stitutional rule that there must be at least _ 
three opposition members in Parlia- 
ment. 


COUNCIL FOR DEVELOPMENT AND RECONSTRUCTION 
BEIRUT - LEBANON 

Instttnttonal SptctaU to Ma na ge SnltnUnlq; 
of the Water ndWatemkr Sector to Lebanon 
Invitation of A ppB c a tt orn 

The G oran — r ofl thara tat itrrli nl ■ Ifiin flrnra Am Tiifi in eflnnri Ttenlf fm Prrnnitmrrinn A P ert hf — t (TITBIT) Inward fhr 
hm( of the Coastal PoDntioa Control A. Water Supply Project. Part of the proceeds of theloaavrIH bcappHed tofoMndngthe 
bsstttnttonaa SpnrlaHst (15), that wnbeappohded tomaaageareBtgnciiatogofllniwaicraad w aste w ater sector. The m i nfo a l i n of 
appfcatjom wtmld he open to ladivfifnnli or organ Isotfon* 

The Cavemen* of Lebanon has a pproved a poKcy and strategy framework for water and wastewater sector refbnu. The 
ft— rwoek jadndei the cataUhhment offlve regional water and, wastewater companies sad the hwleprat of i 
regn la to t y, hw rifea t pis 


To ■■■y the p roc es s of sector reforms the Gov unina t has established a Steering Co eaai Kfu (SC) with a Tadadkal Secretariat 
(IS) to act as Its execatfve aim. The IS wfll nonage the TS and report dlrecty to the chairperson of the SC Mitfor tactions of the IS 
wooll be tot identity md— nageafr actMttesawder sector reftems; prepare TORs snd contract dotnuarale for fte s pp idat s a tnt of 
c onsa hawtr , manage the roemdtant woria; prepare work program and progress reports; oi g a sda c work Aops and dlssu n hurtt 
kfonaattoa; and co o r d lmd e with GavenmMntanthorfttes and flaandat agendo. The XS Is schedaled to be appointed by December 
1997 for a 3 year period. 

The IS shoadd have a l ele v a a t a cad in de degree ( E a g fo eei t ag or Dmilmi Management) and at least 10 years experience at 
mana g eria l level In ri mfr a r posMuns, The IS dnsU beftanlllai with the water aad wastewater sector and ta cpaanrrrlalsatinn of 
wafer ntWfaa. The IS Aaidd be float In En0hdi mi Freock and profenVy have some woridag koowkdge fa Arabic. 

The Gomel for ITrrrlopmnit and Brninstrnrtlnn (Tim) torttrt appHratlnax hirhnffin; CVi A rrfHmrrs for ftir Iff nrtHnr *- Tt 
sent before October 30, 1997 to i The CouadI for Development A Reco tsU mlloa - Mr. Nabfl El-JIsr, Preridqd - Talct El Sdral - 
Beirut Ceatnd District -Lebanon -Telephone : (961-1) 64398Q/V2/3 - Fax : (961-1) 864494- 647947 
The CDR, (Mix. Wafa CharaMdtee), can abo be cansritpd for provWtag any additional hrfbnnettoa. 


-fc-.t v. 


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PAGE 10 


TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 



EDITORIALS/OPINION 


Jteralfc 


INTERNATIONAL 



tribune. 


PUBLISHED WITH THE N*W YORK TW« AND THE WSHWCTO* «BT 


Promise for Ulster 


Fifteen months of talks about talks 
made it possible for die Catholic and 
Protestant communities in British 
Northern Ireland and the governments 
of Britain and Ireland to start sub- 
stantive discussions in Belfast on 
Monday. Nothing faintly this prom- 
ising has happened in the better part of 
a centaryTm the most recent phase, 
since an Irish rebellion to force Britain 
out of Northern Ireland began 28 years 
ago, more than 3,000 people on the 
various sides have died. 

To get to Belfast some painful con- 
cessions had to be made all around. 
S inn Fein, die Catholic Northern Ire- 
land party dial fronts for the terrorists 
of the IRA, had to proclaim a cease-fire 
— that is, to acknowledge violence had 
failed to force the British out — in 
order to claim a seat at the table. 
Whether Sinn Fein baa made a tem- 
porary tactical retreat or a permanent 
strategic one is, of course, perhaps the 
darkest question hang in g over the 
talks Sinn Fein also has had to stom- 
ach a reassertion by the British and 
Irish governments that no new con- 
stitutional arrangements can be made 
without the consent of a majority, 
which means die Protestant majority, 
of Northern Ireland. This position re- 
pudiates the priority Catholic demand 
for the goal of unifying die North with 
the Irish state. 


The leading Protestant party in 
Northern Ireland, fearing that anypar- 
ticipation in talks would put the Prot- 
estant community on a slippery slope 
to a sellout, hung back, was squeered 
from both sides and finally agreed to 
fafrf! part even though Sinn Fein also 
would be there. The Protestant com- 
munity, or die largest port of it, also 
agreed to put aside its successive de- 
mands for the paramilitaries to disarm 
before and then during the talks. This 
leaves Sinn Fein and the IRA in re- 
tention of a military card at least until 
the » a tire have plainly succeeded or 
failed. This was no doubt a blow for the 
Protestant community but one 
softened by the awareness that the 
Protestant paramilitaries, no less vi- 
cious, will retain their weapons, too. 

The tenacity of the parties and their 
negotiators has been much in evidence 
in these ratir* about talks. Less con- 
spicuously but more significantly in 
evidence has been the thrust of solid 
majorities of both Northern Ireland 
communities for a peacefiil resolution 
to their centuries-old dispute. There 
has been too much history and too 
much killing for anyone to imagine the 
way is now clear. But now, when the 
faUrs are beginning, you should hold 
your breath in hopes that it will be a 
new day for all the Irish. 

— THE Vi -ASHINCTON POST. 


Staying On in Bosnia 


The term “exit strategy” has come 
into vogue in discussions of American 
Bo snia policy. It is impossible to imag- 
ine the great military enterprises of the 
past being weighted down with such an 
anxious declaration. No one’s clear ex- 
actly what it means, but many are con- 
fident the United States doesn’t have 
one. Actually, it's no big secret. An exit 
strategy is die opposite of a quagmire: 
from fear of out-of-controf involve- 
ment to an assertion of certain dis- 
engagement An exit strategy is the 
answer to the needs, even prayers, of a 
president caught between the tugs of 


politics and foreign policy. For some of 
President Bill Clinton’s Bosnia critics. 


it is enough to set a deadline — say, 
□ext June, when the current peacekeep- 
ing force comes to the end of its man- 


date — and simply to call that rii»adlim» 
sey. That 


an exit strategy. That might ease some 
of the president’s political problems, 
but whether it serves the national in- 
terest is something else again. 

It is said, and fairly, that the pres- 
ident brought much of this trouble 
upon himself by not being clearer 
about either his Bosnia objectives or 
the tactics he was pursuing to achieve 
them. But the Clinton administration is 
trying to rectify that error these days in 
order to dear a little political space for 
Staying on in Bosnia after next June — 


not an exit strategy but a staying-on 
strategy. Officials have been enunci- 
ating not only humanitarian require- 
ments bat strategic ones: to keep the 
United States engaged in Europe and to 
proride leadership for NATO at a del- 
icate time of alliance enlargement 
Otherwise, the administration argues, 
the “mixed” and incomplete peace 
gains made so far in Bosnia will be 
lost the war there may resume and 
widen and a whole new Balkan in- 
flammation may ensue, with con- 
sequential damage to NATO and the 
American position in Europe. 

The administration is right Pulling 
out on an arbitrary date when the gains 
are incomplete and still reversible is a 
recipe for unraveling. Such an “exit 
strategy” would condone “ethnic 
cleansing, ’ ’ invite others to revise bor- 
ders by force, end the Dayton accord’s 
faint but valuable promise of restoring 
someday a workable Bosnia and trig- 
ger new- warfare there. 

Staying on with the NATO-led allies 
(including Russia) has its costs — for- 
tunately. these have not included cas- 
ualties among the peacekeepers. But 
staying on also has its benefits for 
Bosnia and the United States. It may 
take, says the administration, “a good 
while to come.” And for a good end. 

— THE i WASHINGTON POST. 


Unfair Immigration Law 


; The U.S. Illegal Immigration Re- 
form and Immigrant Responsibility 
Act of 1996 is a morass of technical 
Complexity that has yet to be fully 
explicated by either the law’s drafters 
or fee immigration officers who are 
Supposed to carry it out But it is 
already apparent that at least two ele- 
ifcems need immediate correction. 

5 One provision unfairly punishes 
refugees from Nicaragua, EJ Salvador 
&d Guatemala who fled civil wars in 
the 1980s and were given temporary 
protection from deportation. Under 
prior law, these refugees, totaling 
about 300,000, could have become 


permanent residents by showing that 
i Uni 


tjvey had lived in the United States for 
seven years and had good moral 
character, and that deportation would 
cause them and their family mem- 
bers extreme hardship. The 1996 act 
increased the residency requirement 
to 10 years, eliminated hardship to 
the refugee himself as a basis to fight 
deportation and limited the number 
of immigrants who could seek per- 
manent residency through this avenue 
tb 4,000. 

- These Central Americans played by 
an earlier set of rules endorsed by both 
Republican and Democratic adminis- 
trations but are now being unjustly 
penalized. The White House supports, 
.and Congress should pass, a bill in- 


troduced by Senator Connie Mack, Re- 


l by senator 

publican of Florida, that would exempt 
this 


; group from provisions of the new 
law. allowing the prior legal standards 
to apply. 

A second provision would actually 
encourage illegals to stay underground 


rather than risk going abroad, as they 
might soon have to, to obtain immi- 
grant visas. The new law imposes a 
three-year bar to re-entry on illegals 
who leave the country today and a 10- 
year bar on those who leave after April 
l. If a key provision in current im- 
migration law is allowed to expire on 
Tuesday, as scheduled, they will have 
to return to their home countries to 
obtain permanent visas. 

Under the current rule, people who 
qualify for permanent residency can 
have their applications for immigrant 
visas, or “green cards,” processed in 
the United States rather than through 
American consulates in their home 
countries. This does not give them any 
preference. But it reduces paperwork 
at consulate offices abroad, and gen- 
erates S200 million a year in revenues 
from applicants who pay Si, 000 each 
to have their papers processed in the 
United States. 

The Senate has voted to make the 
provision permanent, but the House is 
expected to vote only on a three-week 
extension. If Congress does not renew 
the provision, hundreds of thousands of 
people will have to go abroad for green 
cards. Thousands who have met the 
criteria for permanent residency but are 
technically illegal in status would be 
barred from coming back for years. 

Fighting illegal immigration is a dif- 
ficult and important job. But Congress 
should do it in a way that will deter 
illegal entry at the bolder. Deporting 
Central American war refugees and 
those who are on the verge of getting 
green cards will not achieve that goal. 

—THE NEW YORK TIMES 


mWVmONAL 


. ESTABLISHED 1887 

KATHARINE GRAHAM, ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 


Co-Chairmen 
KATHARINE P. D ARROW, Vice Chairman 


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CARL GEW1RTZ, Associau Edam * ROBERT J. YXNPdSU&Etfartf the Edaaria! Pages 
* Business and Fnvmce Ettitor 

• RENE BONDY, Depots Publisher 

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Quit the Whining! Globalization Isn t a Choice 

’L. . _ . . . ir«rr nfferme vou all this cheap m° 


W 


ASHINGTON — Malaysia’s 


prime minister, Mahathir bin 
Mohamad, used the latest World Bank 
meeting in Hong Kong to denounce 
the evils of globalization, after Malay- 
sia’s stocks and currency were ravaged 
by global traders. 

Mr. Mahathir blasted “morons” 
like George Soros, who speculate in 
currencies, and be criticized the “great 
powers,” accusing them of forcing 
Asians to open their domestic markets 
to global traders and then manipulating 
their currencies to destroy mem as 
competitors. 

U.S. Treasury Secretary Robert Ru- 
bin listened diplomatically to this out- 
burst. But here’s what 1 suspect Mr. 
Rubin would have liked to have said to 
Mr. Mahathir 

“Excuse me, Mohamad, but what 
placet are you living on? You talk 
about participating in globalization as 
if it were a choice you had. 

“Globalization isn't a choice. It's a 
reality. There is just one global market 
today, and the only way you can grow 
is by tapping the global stock and bond 
markets for investment and selling into 
the global trading system what your 
factories produce. And the most fun- 
damental truth about globalization is 
this: No one is in charge, you moron! 
Global markets are just like the Internet 
— every day these markets become 
more widespread, every day they 


By Thomas L. Friedman 


The herd feeds in 180 countries, so 
it doesn’t have time to look at you m 


kept offering you an this ch^pm^ 
and you took it and then ovabudt 


weave os more tightly together and 
no one is in charge — not George 
Soros, not ‘great powers’ and not 1. 1 
didn't start it, I can’t stop it and neither 
canyon. 

“You keep looking for someone to 
complain to, someone to take the heat 
off your markets. Well guess what, 
Mohamad, there’s no one on the other 
end of the phone! The global market 
today is an electronic held of anony- 
mous stock, bond and currency traders, 
sitting behind computer screens. The 
members of this hero live everywhere 
there is a trading floor, everywhere 
there is a Bloomberg machine, every- 
where that someone with a computer 
screen and modem can bay ana sell 
Malaysian ringgits, stocks and bonds. 
(And don’t play dumb with me, Mo- 
hamad. We both know your govern- 
ment lost S3 billion speculating on the 
British pound in the early 1990s.) 

“The electronic herd cuts no one any 
slack. It does not recognize anyone’s 
unique circumstances. The herd only 
recognizes its own rules. 

“But the rules of the herd are pretty 
consistent — they stipulate what sav- 
ings rate your country should have, 
what level of interest rates, what def- 
icit-to-GDP ratio and what level of 
current account deficit. 



u rewards those countries feat are 
transparent about what they are dorng. 
The herd hates surprises. 

4 ‘For years Malaysia lived by these 
roles and yon attracted massive 


The 


The global market is an 
electronic herd of 
anonymous stock, bond 
and currency traders . 
No one is in charge. 


aimmis of foreign investment. which 
enabled you to raise your per 
income from S350 to 55,000 in 


capita 


decad es But when yon started to break 
the rules by overspending, the herd sold 
you out. It stampeded yon and left you 
as electronic roatflriU. The KLCI Index, 
your Dow Jones, fell 48 percent this 


year and your currency hit a 26-year 


low. But when that happens you < 
ask the herd for mercy, you don’t de- 
nounce the herd, you just get up, dust 
yourself off and get back with the flow 
of tile herd. 

“Sure, this is unfair . In some ways 
, the herd hired you into this problem: li 


Ss mistakes, too. Bat if your ft®-^ 
damentals are basically sound, the beni^ 
will eventually recognize that «g. 
come back. The held is never stupid par 
long. In the end, it always responds 

goodgve^nca Alternating^ 

when we were an emerging manpe^ 
with our railroad busts and booms. Yog; . . 
iost have to manage them and : v. 

as many shock absorbers as 

“I know you think that I m 

all-powerful U.S. Treasury secretary,^ 
but Mohamad, I live just like you 
in tenor of the herd. I track its ^ 

meats all day on the Bloomberg 
chine next to my desk. Those idiots 
Tune and Newsweek keep potnn 
on the cover, as if I’m act ually a ; 
charge, and I’m sittin’ here terrified 
that if Congress refuses to grant 
president ‘fast track’ authority to ex-j 
pand free trade, tire herd is going toBaa ., 
against me and trample the dollar aads 
the Dow. ‘ . 

“And let me tell you a little secret, 
Mohamad: I don’t even keep a pbone^.- 
cm my desk anymore, because Z know 
better than anyone — there’s nobody 
tocalL” V: 

The New York Times. 




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If Anything Can Save Russia, It’s the Rise of a Middle Class j , 


M OSCOW — A business- 
man friend here reports 
that hiring criminal gangs for 
protection is no longer in style. 
Instead, more and more Russian 
companies are contracting di- 
rectly with the police or the in- 
ternal security agency — the old 
KGB — for their muscle. This is 
an improvement, the business- 
man explains, because the po- 
lice -for-hire don’t by to move in 
and take over entire enterprises 
as criminal gangs often do. 

It's hard to imagine another 
country where such systemic 
corruption, with law enforce- 
ment agencies free-lancing as 
mafia gangs, could be seen as 
progress. But the gradual de- 
criminalization of the criminal 
business is one sign of a larger 
trend that is striking to a visitor 
returning after only two years 
— a trend of increasing stability 
throughout much of Russian 
life. These still fragile sprouts 
of normalcy, of regularization 
after a half-decade of upheaval, 
cany- important consequences 
for the great choice still facing 
Russia, now that the Commu- 
nist option has been decisively 
rejected: the choice between ah 
open rule of law and a corrupt 
rule by the strongest 
No one would suggest that 
Russia's economy is now nor- 
mal, or its society stable or its 
transition even halfway com- 
plete. Uncertainty runs so high 
that young couples remain re- 
luctant to have even one child. 
Fundamental issues, such as the 
right to own land, remain un- 
resolved. If you drive along the 


By Fred Hiatt 


potholed highways of Russia’s 
hinterland, yon can tell which 
factories are nearby by the 
workers who still line die road 
selling the bicycles or electric 
drills or panties that they re- 
ceive in lieu of ruble wages. 

But few big-city dwellers any 
longer bother hunting for those 
road-shoulder bargains. They 
can use their time more wisely, 
they've learned, working in 
town and buying thing s in the 
many stores that have appeared 
just in the past year or two. This 
is especially true in Moscow, 
where the number of shops and 
restaurants has exploded, and 
no longer io serve only expat- 
riate foreigners and goon-shiel- 
ded nouveaux riches. 

The “New Russians" who 
appeared in the early 1990s — 
in other words, the obscenely 
rich first beneficiaries of pri- 
vatization — are now being 
joined by a “New Middle." It is 
their automobiles — Ladas. 
Zhigulis. used Volkswagens 
and Toyotas — that now clog 
Moscow’s streets. This rising 
middle class is beginning to 
find its place in a new order 
where hard work and profes- 
sionalism — rather than simply 
connections and brute force — 
bring some reward. 

The shift is especially no- 
ticeable among the young, who 
suddenly realize that they need 
an education after all. When the 
old order collapsed in 1991, 
many young people gave up on 
studies and exams. Only money 


mattered, and the best way to 
get it was through deals and 
trade and more deals. Money is 
still the top value for many, to 
tiie disgust of Soviet-era intel- 
ligentsia, but now it has some 
connection to skill, initiative 
and competence. So young 
Russians are returning tb uni- 
versities and ingrimtes to study 
management, computers, for- 
eign languages. 

Even outside Moscow, tins 
adjustment to new realities is 


The number of 
shops and 
restaurants has 
exploded and no 
longer to serve 
only foreigners 
and goon-shielded 
nouveaux riches . 


taking place. Three years ago. 
the Red Baltic Sailor collective 
farm west of Moscow, with 500 
workers, was in a state of col- 
lapse, although nominally ii had 
turned itself into a private com- 
pany. Today, the farm remains 
in dreary shape — but 400 of its 
workers’ have gone off and 
found themselves jobs in 
nearby Mozhaisk or other 
towns. With private gardens 
and a privately owned cow or 
two. most families are now bet- 


ter off than before- The farm 
chairman is too busy complain- 
ing about the lack of subsidies 
arm the decline of collectivism 
to notice, but his hopeless Red 
Baltic Sailor farm is turning 
itself gradually into a self- 
supporting Red Baltic Sailor 
village. 

One reason for the new equi- 
librium is the end of the brutal, 
and brutalizing, war in 
Chechnya. Another is the tam- 
ing of inflation; at more than 
300 percent in 1994, it left 
people breathless and panicked, 
unable to think of much else. 
Now President Boris Yeltsin’s 
team of economic reformers 
has reduced inflation to 15 per- 
cent or so, allowing people to 
plan for the future with more 
confidence. 

Political calm also is a factor. 
Russia survived a near-civil war 
in 1993. with tanks blasting 
Moscow’s riverfront Parlia- 
ment, and then endured two par- 
liamentary elections and a pres- 
idential race during the course 
of the next two and a half years. 
Each time, the most basic rules 
were at stake, the fundamental 
legitimacy of die new state un- 
der challenge. 

Now virtually everyone has 
accepted those basic rules: the 
constitution, the role of elec- 
tions as the only means to seize 
power, the end of communism 
and the permanence of private 
enterprise. The question now, 
as President Yeltsin said in a 
speech last week, is what kind 
of capitalism Russia will build. 

One possible outcome is a 


kind of mafia state, where j 
eminent serves only the 
and collects taxes only firoeg 
the poor, where there is no En^ - 
between officials and 
nessmen and media. Another ~ 
vision is of a state where ta&y . 
apply equally R> alL The pttiKO' ' y 
for-hire, in other words, coulg 
tins into simply one morecrim^ 

Loal gang, or they could e ^ ’ 
into legitimately moor” 
security services — wt 
providing law enfbn 


even on behalf of those who 
notpay. . 

Inis is not a choice tins 
will be resolved tins year cg - 
next. but it is a struggle that 
will define Russian pobtici 
And in that straggle, tiie emer- 
gence of a New Middle is cnis 
rial. The constituency for X 
corrupt stale is," by definition, 
close to power it is 
bankers and industrialists 
have benefited from govern* 
meat favors and hope to coe^ 
tinue doing so. £ ~ 

The constituency for a finfeof 
law is the emergmg^miMr 
class, the people who see stare , 
future for themselves in' tin 
new society, who expect no ftp 
vors on the way to success fauf 


c=;- 


sev -- 


re:-' 

&■-- 

- •• r. 


;4 ; - : ' 




Sr 

sv 




want at least no handicaps. This 
1 — according 


group is still small - 
to thepoUster Alexander Osloai 
only 20 percent of Russians an t : 
optimistic about the future ' 
and it is far more diffuse. Bar 
it is also disproportionately 
young, and it is growing. X 
few years ago, it hardly existed 
at all ^ 

The Washington Post. jj . 



R: 

T:r 




Britain’s Eurodinosaurs Are Becoming an Endangered Specie^' $ 


% S- 


B russels — Bad news is 

coming for the British 
Eurodinosaurs. People are be- 
ginning to talk of them as an 
endangered species. For half a 
century now the dinosaurs have 
been insisting that European 
unification was simply a pipe 
dream. 

The Goal and Steel Commu- 
nity would never happen, 
neither in turn would the Euro- 
pean Common Market And if, 
by some extraordinary fluke, 
they did, then they would never 
work. The same applies to the 
project for a single European 
currency. The dinosaurs have 
been proven wrong on the first 
two prophecies. They are about 
to be proven wrong on the 
third. 

For after all the doubts of the 
last few years — not limited to 
Britain — the signs are now 
increasingly that European 
economic and monetary union 
will happen on schedule on Jan. 

1, 1999 — only 15 months 

away. 

Economic growth in Europe 
is picking up, European econ- 
omies are converging — infla- 
tion at 2 percent is the lowest in 
almost 20 years. Fiscal conver- 
gence is almost as impressive: 
All member states, except 
Greece, will be under or near 
the deficit target of 3 percent of 
GDP. Italy, long the subject of 
doubt, has brought its debt 
down to the lowest level since 
1971. And EU finance minis- 
ters decided in mid-September 
to move forward the fixing of 
bilateral exchange rates to next 
May, eight months before the 
start of EMU. 

Monetary union will start, on 
time, not as a small hard core 
but as a broadly based group. In 
fact all member states will join 
except Britain, Sweden and 
Denmark, which do not want to 
— bring northern, ex-European 
Free ’Dade Area and Euroskep- 
tic — and Greece, which would 
like to but is an economic basket 


By Roy Denman 


midabie new, more closely 
integrated grouping will enter 
the world scene, the Europe of 
the 11. led by France and Ger- 
many, with a population of 277 
million and a GDP of $5.4 
trillion. 

Some in Britain begin to be 
alarmed by the prospect of ex- 
closion from this powerful new 
grouping. Outside it Britain 
would face: 

• The probability, if sterling 
were forced to devalue, of a 
retaliatory surcharge by the new 
grouping against British ex- 
ports. 

• A major switch of inward 
investment from Britain to the 
Continent to avoid this, as 
Toyota and Siemens have 
already warned. 

• The brake on investment of 
interest rates nearly 4 percent 
higher than in Britain’s con- 
tinental competitors. 

• A loss of business from the 

city of London to Frankfurt. 

• A dramatic further mar- 
g in a l i z a ti oo of British influence 
in the world. On economic and 
monetary affairs, the Europe of 
the 1 1 wifi speak with one voice 
to the other big players, the 
United States and Japan. The 
G-7 will become the G-3. Bri- 
tain on its own wiJl be excluded 
as not in the big league. Fur- 
thermore, the leaders of the 
Europe of the II will talk 
among themselves not only 
about EMU business but, in- 
evitably. about wider issues, in- 
cluding foreign affairs and de- 
fense. 

• A British presidency in the 
first half of next year, which 


case. 

So on Jan. I, 1999, a for- 


Letters intended for publi- 
cation should be addressed 
“Letters to the Editor “ and 
contain the writer’s signature, 
name and full address. Letters 


should be brief and are subject 
tiling. We cannot be re- 


to editing. _ 

sponsible for the return of un- 
solicited manuscripts. 


will have all the makings of a 
farce. The main business of the 
presidency will be to prepare 
for monetary union. But who 
will listen to Tony Blair when 
they know he is out of the 
game? The British prime min- 
ister and his colleagues will re- 
semble the orchestra at the end 
of the Marx Brothers' “A 
Night at the Opera." On a 
barge moored to the pier it 
began to play. But someone had 
cut the mooring line and the 
barge drifted steadily out to sea, 
the orchestra increasingly in- 
audible. 

• A United States that will 
pay more and more attention to 
Bonn/Beriin. Paris and Brussels 
and less and less to London. 

It seems that Mr. Blair and 
his cabinet have begun to see 
this and are privately asking not 
if Britain should join monetary 
union, but when. The option of 

joining on Jan. 1, 1999, is 
closed if only for one reason. 
Article 109j of the Maastricht 
treaty stipulates as one of the 
criteria for entry “the observ- 
ance of the normal fluctuation 
margins provided for by the 
exchange rate mechanism of 
the European Monetary Sys- 
tem for at least two years, with- 
out devaluing agains t the cur- 
rency of any other Member 
Stare. 

The current margin is 15 per- 
cent. Sterling has fluctuated 
against the Deutsche mark over 
the last year by more than 30 
percent and has now begun to 
fall, unlike the franc and the 
peseta, which have remained 
stable against the mark. 

So if not Jan. 1, 1999. what 
later date? Mr. Blair will need 
the explicit assent of the people. 
This will present him with great 
difficulties. The dinosaurs have 
done their work welL The opin- 
ion polls show two-thirds of the 
British public opposed to EMU 
Memories of Britain's humili- 

SgSJ :xit Jr£L me ERM m 

1992 are soil fresh. Two- thirds 


of the British press, most of the 
Conservative Party and many in 
business will be opposed to 
what is undeniably a major loss 
of British sovereignty and a fur- 
ther step to merging Britain into 
a federal Europe. 

So the safest course would be 
for Mr. Blair to put the question 
to the country, either in a ref- 
erendum or as the main theme 
of a general election, at the end 
of his first term in 2002. But this 
would mean Britain staying out 
for nearly four years. A lot 
could go wrong in this time, If a 
forced devaluation of sterling 
triggered a surcharge on B ritish 
exports, the resultant row, 
fanned exultantly by most of the 
British press, could keep Bri- 
tain out of Europe for years 
beyond 2002. 

So Mr. Blair has a historic 
opportunity. Supposing he were 
to say before the end of this 


year. ‘ ‘Britain cannot join EMt£ 
at the outset if only because ooc 
economic cycles are too far ou| 
of line. But we shall work with 
you to make EMU a success and 
we intend to join at the firsflf 
opportunity, hopefully ar .th^ 
beginning of die year 2000. T<x 
that end we shall be seeking the 
consent of the British people in. 
a referendum next year”? This 
would be a great ride. But wi% 
out risks there will never be 
great adventures. Mr. Blare 
could change the history tit 
Europe, make Britain at long 
last one of its central player^ 
and be on course to become its 
leading statesman. Can bel 


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sentacfve in Wash ^ „ 

European Commission, coni 
tribuied this comment to the lri^ 
le /national Herald Tribune. 


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IN OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO? 


K.. 


1897: Britain Eyes Isle 

SAN FRANCISCO— Accord- 
ing to advice from Honolulu, it 
is asserted that when the ques- 
tion of the annexation of Hawaii 
comes before the United States 
Senate it is the intention of 


that the moment Germany ask?, 
for membership, she admits her 
responsibility for the war-anq 
accepts fee Versailles Treaty/ 
The “Hamburger Nachricbrl 
en” declares any nation ough? 
to have too much self-respect tp 
belong to “tins league of rob? 

bery and de famation ” j* 


7> 


Great Britain to protest, not in a 
belligerent spirit, but only as a 
preliminary step to a scheme for iaw r . . 

obtaining control over Necfcar ittme L^plosioit: 

Island. It is believed that it will TRIESTE — Three men werc 


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be readily ceded in order to 
please Great Britain. 


1922: League Assailed 


BERLIN — Ge rmany has 
dropped her attitude of passiv- 
ity toward the question of ap- 
plying for membership in the 
League of Nations, and the 
press to-day [Sept. 29] is 
rampant with declarations that 
acceptance of a seat in the As- 
sembly would put the country’s 
head in the Allied noose. One 
paper declares it is plain now 


• I10W MIWJ WWv 

killed and twelve others injured; 
when the U.S. Navy destroyed 
Douglas R Fox struck a mine 
today [Sept. 29] off Trieste ona 
routine trip from Venice. Gn£ 
roan died immediately in the ex,-! 
plosion, and two others died as a 
second U.S. destroyer raced 
Trieste to assist- the damaged^ 
ship. It was the first naval mis^ 
hap to an Ameri can warship iq, 
these waters sincetia end of the,' 
war. The still heavily-mined waj 
ters have caused other disasters 
to merc hant vessels, however^ 
including several sinkings. * 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 30. 1997 


PAGE 11. 


OPINION/ LETTERS 


4 Don’t Encourage America 
I To Give Up on Bosnia 

By Anthony Lewis 




OSTON -— The performance with their long history of conflict, 
of American soldiers in Fortunately, statesmen worked to 


Bosnia should be a reason for 
national pride. U.S. leadership 
tnade possible an international 
farce . including units from NATO 
Countries and Russia, that has kept 
die peace there for nearly two 
years. Not one American life 
pas been lost in combat. 

I Recently, after far too slow a 
Man. progress has been made 
pn the political objectives of 
Ihe Dayton agreement After a 
I Jfww of strength by the interna- 
tional force. Radovan Karadzic, 
the accused war criminal, is 
increasingly isolated and is losing 
support among Bosnian Serbs. 

! Yet at this moment a chorus of 
fVmerican voices i& calling for 
abandonment of the U.S. leader- 
ship role in carrying out Dayton. 
The most important such call was 
8 piece Sept. 2 1 in the Los Angeles 
Times written by Henry Kissinger. 

| ' was a remarkable combination 
of ignorance and gloom. 

\ “For the Bosnians,” Mr. Kis- 
singer wrote, “the overwhelming 
reality is their historical memory. 
Which has sustained their inerad- 
icable hatreds ... for centuries." 

That is the Ancient Hatreds 
argument, always produced by 
(hose who want' to write Bosnia 
and its people off as hopeless. It 
ignores the fact that by the 1 990s, 
urban Bosnia had a cosmopolitan 
society with a large degree of in- 
termarriage. What broke the 
country apart was the war of 
aggression started by Serbian 
politicians who aroused nation- 
alist hatred to build their power. 

, “Once passions were unleashed 
by the civil war,*’ Mr. Kissinger 
said, “each group committed 
unspeakable cruelties in the pro- 
cess of expelling the other groups 
Bom die regions that they con- 
trolled — the ethnic cleansing," 

There is another familiar argu- 
ment: They all do it. But “ethnic 
cleansing” was invented fay Ser- 
bian paramilitaries and gangsters 
who went from village to village 
murdering and expelling Muslims 
and Croats. And it was Bosnian 
Serb soldiers who killed thou- 
sands of civilians in Srebrenica. 

/ Writing people off as so 
gripped by history that nothing 
can help is a terrible idea. It is the 
function of diplomacy and politics 
to change history. . / 

^ .Think of France and Germany, 


bind the two countries together in 
the Common Market and North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization, in- 
stitutions that have made Western 
Europe prosperous and peaceful. 

Mr. Kissinger understands 
the importance of NATO as 
well as anyone. Indeed, at one 
point in his Bosnia article he 
powerfully articulated what 
NATO's role should have been 
when Yugoslavia broke up and 
Serbs began using force: 

“The NATO allies would have 
done well to stop the killing 
six years ago. in its incipient 
phase. They could have taken the 
position that they would not tol- 
erate such outrages within reach 
of NATO forces and on the con- 
tinent where the political concept 
of human dignity originated and 
is now institutionalize.' 1 

Exactly. Yet Mr. Kissinger 
calls for the United States — and 
that means NATO — to abandon 
the commitment it has made in 
Bosnia, which is to help bring that 
fractured country together. 

What a message that would send 
at a time when NATO, under U.S. 
leadership, is expanding its mem- 
bership, enlarging iisjjromise of 
security and freedom. The message 
would be: Don’t believe us. 

Mr. Kissinger called for U.S. 
forces to do no more than main- 
tain cease-fire lines, leaving 
“political evolution to the 
parties." Bui there can be no 
“political evolution” unless the 
international community keeps 
the criminal forces that started the 
Bosnian war from continuing to 
stoke the fires of hatred. 

Others have taken a more drastic 
view than Mr. Kissinger, calling 
for the United States to cut and run 
when its current troop comnutmem 
ends next June. Then Bosnia could 
be partitioned, some say — as if 
that would be a neat, bloodless 
event Or the job of implementing 
Dayton could be left lo European 
members of NATO — when we 
know they will not act without 
American leadership. 

Exactly what form the American 
and international presence should 
take after June will have to be 
decided closer to that time. But it 
would be folly to abandon an effort 
that means so much to the peace of 
Europe Justus it is taking hold 

The New York Times. , . 


SOIL GOING... 




A Round of Applause 
For Happy Landings 


Bv Dan Levine 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Moore’s Law Explained 

Regarding “Intel Trashes an 
Axiom of .the Computer Age" 
{ Sept . I8i and "IBM Welds New 
Power Onto Its Semiconductors ” 
(Sept. 23): 

It is not entirely connect to say 
that Moore's law, which bolds 
that the performance of semicon- 
ductor chips doubles every 18 
months, “must be rewritten.” In 
truth, the growth rate of perfor- 
mance in a technology is due to a 
balance between innovation and 
the ability of that technology to 
attract development capital. A 
particular “breakthrough” will 
only lead to a change in growth 
rate if it dramatically increases the 
capital available for development, 
or the efficiency of that capital. 

Moore’s law is a manifestation 
of an empirical phenomenon 
known as the S curve. Techno- 
logical innovation is an accumu- 
lation of smaller innovations, 
each of which is, in turn, an 
accumulation of even smaller 
innovations. Mathematically, 
the distribution of these accumu- 
lations resembles an “S.” 
At some point the potential of 
the innovation approaches satur- 
ation, the S changes direction, 
and the growth in performance 
gradually diminishes. 

-For years scientists have spec- . 
ulated that the saturation point for ‘ 


integrated circuits would be 
reached when semiconductor fea- 
ture sizes approached quantum 
mechanical limits. 

What Intel Corp, has done is to 
show that the exponential phase of 
the S can be maintain ed by lay- 
ering the circuits. This will not 
actually change the exponent of 
the growth rate, but will simply 
conserve the phase of exponential 
growth. IBM's development 
would seem to be a minor con- 
tribution in the same sense. 

In any case, Moore’s law is 
a statistical observation. We 
will need several years to know 
if these latest advances have 
attracted additional development 
capital or rendered the existing 
capita] more efficient It is too 
soon to pretend that Moore's 
law no longer applies. 

JAMES CROWLEY. 

Grenoble, France. 

The writer is a professor of 
computer science. 

Solutions for Peace? 

As one of the first Jewish set- 
tiers to enter the housing project in 
Ras al Amud in Jerusalem last 
week, 1 am outraged at the world’s 
condemnation of the settlement 
and tacit approval of threats of 
Palestinian violence. Why is there 
outrage when three families move 


into a legally purchased home in 
Jerusalem? 

The true test of peace in the 
Middle East is in enabling Jews 
and Arabs lo live together, not 
separated by fences and walls. 

Those of us in Ras al .Amud 
understand the meaning of peace- 
ful coexistence and seek to test it. 
For if we as Jews cannot live 
alongside the Arabs, then what 
good are the Oslo accords and 
continued peace negotiations? 

ROW D. TOROSS1AN. 

Tel Aviv. 

The writer is spokesman 
for Yt’rusluiiayim Shelanu 
{Our Jerusalem], 

Recent editorials and letters to 
the editor constantly refer to the 
establishment of a Palestinian 
state as the solution for peace in 
the Middle East. One writer {Let- 
ters. Sept. 26 1 even went 
so far as to suggest that Israel 
should pay for a social security 
system for Palestinians. 

But what about all the Pales- 
tinians' wealthy Arab neighbors? 
Isn’t it about time they ceased 
spending so much on weapons 
and spread some of their wealth 
to provide the son of social and 
economic structure that a Pales- 
tinian state would require? 

CLIVE NATHAN.’ 

* ■ Undau, Germany- ' : 


N EW YORK — Landing 
in Suo Paulo recently, I was 
stunned by the intensity of 
the applause that rumbled through 
the plane's cabin upon touching 
down at Guarulhos International 
Airport. 

It's a curious thing, that 
seemingly spontaneous ovation 

MEAISWHILE 

that often accompanies an 
aircraft's safe return to terra 
fuma. 1 call it the Landing Clap, 
a common yet enigmatic phenom- 
enon of modem air travel. 

The Landing Clap doesn’t fol- 
low every touchdown. In fact, 
with extremely few exceptions, it 
is rarely heard on domestic routes 
at ail. The precious few times 1 
have witnessed the Landing Clap 
on internal flights, it was at the 
end of a journey plagued by 
seriously heavy 'turbulence or 
obvious mechanical difficulties. 

This leads me to conclude that, 
first and foremost, the Landing 
Clap is a joyful sigh of relief, a 
cathartic public celebration at 
the conclusion of a particularly 
disquieting flight 
Above and beyond the fear 
factor, however, the Landing Clap 
is a peculiar expression of love 
for one's home and country. I 
have noticed that the salvo is 
always heartiest on national air- 
lines and. with few exceptions, 
the applauders are always return- 
ing to their native soil. Spaniards 
on Iberia Air Lines who sit 
on their hands when the plane 
lands at New York’s John F. 
Kennedy International Airport 
will clap heartily when arriving 
at Madrid's Barajas. 

Scattered applause always 
means that a majority of a 
plane's passengers are on an 
outbound flight. 

Hundreds of hours of 
subjective study have also proved 
that the length of any given flight 
is directly proportional to 
the heartiness of the applause. 
For example, the Landing Clap 
at the termination of a journey 
from London to Hong Kong 
(13 hours) is distinctly heartier 
than, say, on a flight from New 
York to Prague (8 hours). 

Furthermore, the relative en- 
thusiasm of any given Landing 
Clap is commensurate with ‘the - 
.“cultural passion” of the dap-' 


pers. Extroverts like the Spanish 
— or in my recent case, the 
Brazilians — clap with far more" 
zed than the relatively restrained' 
English or Argentines. 

But no culture is immune from; 
participating in this curious rituaL' 
Jordanians, Indians, Kenyans — < 
I have heard ovations from 
them all. Even the famously- 
unemotional Japanese engage 
in the Landing Clap. : 

The heartiest clap? That, 
distinction goes to El Al passen- 
gers from New York Touching^ 
down at Israel’s Ben Gurion In- 
ternational Airport. Because - 
the plane is often filled with 
Brooklynites, this is one of (her 
rare occasions where the majority 


IVo culture is 
immune from 
participating in that 
spontaneous ovation 
that often 

accompanies a safe 
touchdown* 


of passengers applaud at the 
end of an outbound flight 

As for myself, I must admit 
to having literally kissed the 
ground when returning from 
particularly wretched places, but 
1 have never participated in the 
Landing Clap. To me the display 
suggests a lack of sophistication 
that only serves to identify the 
infrequent flyers on board. 

More importantly, the I binding 1 
Clap has a displeasing national- 
istic sound, as unpleasant as 
Olympic medal counts and just a 
notch above soccer hooliganism. 

Passionate applause is de 
rigueur when planeloads of 
Russians, Germans, Italians - 
and others from flag-waving 
cultures return safely to their; 
motherland. 

Never mind that, statistically, 
it's far more risky to drive a car — ' 
and landing actually signifies that 
the most dangerous part of the 
journey is about to begin. 

The writer, a free-lance author 
who has written guidebooks 
for Frommers. contributed this 
•Comment ;io the International 
HeraTdTtibm.;;'' 

Mfwr.h cut • fa 


BOOKS 


THE DANCING GIRL OF IZU: 
And Other Stories 

By Yasunari Kawabata. Translated from 
Japanese by J. Martin Holman. 160 
pages. $22. Counterpoint. 

Reviewed by 
Thomas J. Rimer 

S death approaches, memory 
oV erodes,” writes Kawabata in one of 
the graceful and often unsettling stories 
contained in this new collection. These 
few words reveal the themes that pervade 
these diverse tales, but can only begin to 
suggest their range and subtlety. 

Kawabata (1899-1972), the first Jap- 
anese writer to receive the Nobel Prize, 
m 1968, has long been known in the 
United States and Europe for such nov- 
els as “The Sound of the Mountain,” 
f* Snow. Country” and others that often 
hark back to the traditions of classical 
Japanese literature. He employs devices 
from those long poetic traditions in order 
to create in modera prose his remarkable 


terword, however, he acknowledges 
that “sincel wrote that first afterword as 
fiction, there are some parts that differ 
from the truth.” He proceeds to make 
further corrections and suggestions, 
then makes the following statement, 
which goes to the core of his ambitions 
in this short but remarkable work: 

“I cannot simply imagine that 
something has ‘vanished’ or ‘been lost* 
in the past just because 1 do not recall it. 
This work was not meant to resolve the 
puzzle of forgetfulness and memory. 
Neither was it intended to answer the 
questions of time and life. But it is 
certain that it offers a clue, some piece of 
evidence.” 

In resolutely seeking for such clues, 
Kawabata removes “Diary” from that 
genre of nihilistic literary game so much 


practiced in the West in the postwar 
years. For Kawabata, the fact that we 
cannot know is perhaps more an oc- 
casion for chagrin, fra 1 humility. 

The book’s second section contains a 
number of brief stories that reveal 
Kawabata’s ability to put a moment of 
poetic vision into a page or two of 
striking prose. 

Given the difficulties of Kawabata’s 
subtle and difficult language, the trans- 
lator, J. Martin Holman, has generally 
struck an excellent balance between ac- 
curacy and the need to create a certain 
level of evocative possibility. 

Thomas J. Rimer, a translator and a 
teacher of Japanese literature at the 
University of Pittsburgh, wrote this for 
The Washington Post. 


CHESS 



By Robert Byrne 




\ vfr 


forking behind placid surface reality. 
These stories, most of them composed 
when he was a young writer, serve as a 
reminder that be was then fascinated by 
die work of the European imagists and 
ibolists. who often used similar tech- 
ies to move from fact to suggestion. 
Many of the 20-odd stories that make 
up this collection are only a few pages in 
length.- A number of them are justly 
famous in Japan, but only one, “The 
Dancing Girl of Izu,” has received wide 
circulation in translation. “The Dancing 
Girl/' like many other stories included 
here, contain strong autobiographical 
elements, but these are used not for their 
own sake, as possible self- revelations, 
but as a means to suggest (he difficulties 
of penetrating toward any kind of ul- 
timate truth. 

This conviction, so important to an 
ifaderstanding of Kawabata ’s basic artist- 
i stance, is most clearly revealed in the 
second stray, “Diary of My Sixteenth 
Year.” The stray contains three layers- 
the narrative, an afterword appended in 
1 925, and a second afterword attached 
still later. The material presented in the 
rale itself. Kawabata tells his readers in 
the first afterword, is taken from his 
teenage diary and concerns his attempts 
to care for his dying grandfather, by then 
his only close relative. The old man 
grows weaker as die stray progresses. 
Kawabata tells us in the second afterword 
that be was to die some eight days later. 

' It is easy to see why he was regarded 
£ such a precocious writer, for the 
description of the old man, from his 
incoherent mumblings to his seemingly 
Constant need to urinate, is gripping to 
read, particularly when experienced 
through the consciousness of die young 

Boy. who is forced to help the situation 
along as best he can. According to the 
first afterword, in his published version 
Jfawabata added only an occasional par- 
feftesis to the original text, in order to 
identify persons and places and, oc- 
casionally, to augment his memories of 
‘ ins pwn responses. In die second af- 


T HE 1997 U. 5. Invitational title 
sponsored by Interplay Productions, 
and a $10,000 prize are now in the 
possession of Joel Benjamin, a Man- 
hattan grandmaster. He won the final 
■ match by 316-216 against Larry Chris- 
tiansen of Seattle on September 12 in 
Chandler, Arizona. 

In the Slav Defense, the seemingly 
timid but subtle 4e3 lets Black develop 
his problem queen bishop immediately 
with 4..J3f5, the hope being that after 5 
cd cd 6 Qb3, White can take advantage 
of the bishop’s absence from (He 
quennside to launch attacks in that sec- 
tor. 

It is not dear why Christiansen pre- 
ferred 6...Qc8?!, which soon loses a 
tempo, to 6...Qc7, which has been the 
only move used fra - years. Perhaps he 
had forgotten this line of play, which has 
not appeared much in recent tournament 
practice. 

The transaction with 11 Qa3 Bb4 12 
Qb4 exchanged off the better of Black’s 
bishops for the lesser of White’s, and by 
blocking of 12...0-0, pressed Black to 
play I2...Qe7, when 13 Bc6 be 14 Qe7 
Ke7 burdened him with a backward c6 

CHraSTlAMSEWOACK 


pawn on a half-open file. 

After 15 Ne5 Rhc8 16 Rfcl, the only 
move to save that pawn would have 
been 16...Ng4, when 17 Nc6? loses a 
piece to 17..JCd6. Instead, Benjamin 
would have played for clear positional 
superiority with 17 Ng4Bg4 1 8Nd2 and 
19 Nb3 to follow. Christiansen, 
however, erred with 16...Nd77, missing 
(be tactical point that after l6...Nd7 17 
Nc6! Kd6, Benjamin’s resource, 18 
Na3 !, would prevent 1 8—Rc6 in view of 
19Nh5Ke7 20Rc6. 

Benjamin had a winning, pawn-ahead 
endgame, and in the sequel he did not let 
up. Moreover, Christiansen had no 
counterplay and no weaknesses in the 
enemy formation to play against Per- 

not simply blundering a pawn by over- 
looking that 22 Na5 Rb2? 23 N5c4! dc 
24 Nc4 costs him more material 

Christiansen still did not surrender, 
even after Benjamin trapped his rook 
with 36 Nc7. After 36..Jlc4 37 Na6 
NdZ, Christiansen hoped he could pro- 
duce a miracle by getting his bishop to 

a perpetual check with.. ^3. But it all 
came to a quick end when 38 Ne5 f6 39 
Ng6 reduced the material beyond die 
point of any black counterattack, and 
Christiansen gave up. 



SLAV DEFENSE 


C d B 

bcmuamnmhite 
Position after 16 . . . Nd7 


VUte 
D w rtnl u 
1 d4 
2C4 
3 N(3 
4e3 

5 cd 

6 Qb3 

7 Bd2 

8 Bb5 
8 0-0 

10 Bb* 
U Q83 

12 QM 

13 Bc6 
M Q67 

15 Ne5 

16 Rcl 

17 NcB 

18 Na3 

19 Na5 


titeck 

Cbria’sen 

dS 
efi 
Nfe 
BfS . 
cd 

83 

e6 

BdS 


sr 

Ke7 

RbcB 

Nd7 

KdB 

b6 


Whitt 

Beoaftnbi 


Black 

Cbrts'san 


20 

Nb3 

Rcl 

21 

Rcl 

aS 

22 

NaS 

85 

23 

Rc3 

«4 . 

24 

Rb3 

Ra8 

25 

Nb5 

Ke7 

28 

Ra3 

Kffi 

27 

NcB 

Rc8 

28 

Rc3 

RaS 

29 

a3 

h5 

30 

t>3 

M 

32 

*4 

h3 

32 

NdG 

Bgfi 

33 

83 

Rafi 

34 

a5 

Nfa6 

35 

Ncfi 

KgS 

36 

Nc7 

Nc4 

37 

Nafi 

Nd2 

38 

Nc5 

n 

39 

NgS 

Resigns 



./ . ; irli.-fa*- 

••• '' .*■!*’ 

• - V A<L.V 



A little learning 
is a dangerous tiling. 



Milliyet gives you a more complete and detailed 
coverage of all news concerning the worlds of 
Turkish politics, business and economy than any 
other daily publication. To get a correct and full 
grasp of everything happening in Turkey, 
refer to Milliyet, the country’s most trusted 
newspaper, first. 


^Milliyet 




iwraafflow.®*, 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, 
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 
PAGE 12 


Shock! Sensation! Brit/Fash Mirrors the World of Art 


<* 

rf- 






tu*' 09* 


#** 


^*0** 





as*. 








* • 


'V: 



Bv Suzv Menkes 




MwfcTVr.- 


From left: Clements Rihciros striped knit and lace skirt (top), and Sonja Nutt all's artistic splotch dress : 
Alexander McQueen's draped dress under a rain shower, and two-r one-fabric jumpsuit: Hussein Chalayan s 
open-circle dress, and Matthew Williamson's dragonfly-embroidered top and suit. 


EXHIBITION C E N TJ1 E 


PARIS-NORD 
Villepinte 


THE PARISIAN 
MONUMENT WORLD-CLASS 
BUSINESSMEN VISIT FIRST... 



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EQUIP'AUTO - 13“ International Exhibition of New Technologies of Orignal Equipment. Spare Pars. 


Accessories and Garage Equipment 


IS -20 

October 97 

B ATI MAT - International Building Exhibition 


3-8 

November 97 

INTERCLIMA - international Heating. Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Exhibition 


3-8 

November 97 

INTERSELECTION - The International Exhibition far Volume Retail Fashion 


18-21 

November 97 

NOUVEAU REGARD - The Exhibition for Fabric Quick Response 


20-21 

November 97 

EUROPLAST - lO" International Exhibition for Plastics, Rubber and Composite Materials 


24-28 

November 97 

MIDEST - The International Subcontracting Exhibition 


24-28 

November 97 

MAISON&OBJET -The International Home Decoration. Giftware and Tableware Exhibition 


9-13 

January 98 

CONFORTEC INTERNATIONAL - Trade Show far Household Appliances 


25-28 

January 98 

JOUET - International Toy Fair 

29 January - 

2 February 98 

EXPOBOIS - International Exhibition of Woodworking Machinery Manufacturers and Timber Industries 

20-24 

February 98 

PREMIERE VISION - LE SALON - The Worlds premier Fabric Show © 


« - 9 

March 98 

INDIGO - International Exhibition of Creation and Design for Fashion and Decoration 


4-9 

March 98 

MOD'AMONT - Fashion Supplies and Trimming Trade Fair 


6-9 

March 98 

MIDEC - International Shoe Fashion - Paris 


8. 10 

March 98 

SITL . International Week of Transport and Logistics 


17-20 

March 98 

LOGIBOX - Solutions for logistics Facilities 


17 - 20 

March 98 


MACHINE OUTIL ■ International Exhibition of Production Equipment for the Mechanical Industries 30 Mahch - 3 April 9B 

EURO ASSEMBLAGE - In ter nat ional Exhibition on Industrial Assembly Machwes. Equipment and Components 30 MARCH - 3 April 98 
INTEROUTIL ■ hirc ma ti o n a l Ex hfa d o n on CutUngfShaping Toots far Metah. Planus and Compoate Materials 30 Mahch - 3 April 98 


INTERQUAUTE - international ExhAstion of Equipment far Measwing and Gontroffing Quality of Production. 


Software. Consultancy and Services in the field of Quality and Quality Asstffance 


30 March - 3 April 98 


THERMIC - International Industrial Heat Equipment Exhibition 


30 March - 3 April 98 


MECANELEM-MECATRONIC - Inte rnati onal Exhibition of Mechanical. Hydraulic, Od-Hydraufic. Pneumatic. Electric and Beoronic 
Rawer. Drive and Servo Componeno and Systems far Desim, Manufecture. kicEMtion and Maintenance 30 March - 3 April 98 


HOPITAL EXPO 

30 March 

- 3 April 98 

INTERSELECTION • The International Exhibition far Volume Retail Fashion 

12-15 

May 98 

NOUVEAU REGARD > The Exhibition far Fabric Quick Response 

14- 15 

May 98 

GRAPHITEC - The Exhibition far Design. Processing Transmission. Printing and Distribution of Information 

12- 16 

May 98 

EDITION PC - The Exhibition far Computer Assisted Publishing Solutions Applied to Business 

12- 16 

MAY 98 

CORRUGATED - Corrugated Board Manufacturing and Converting Exhibition 

4-9 

June 98 



PARIS-NORD Mepime ; Tel: 33(0)t 49 63 30 30 - Foe 33 (0)1 4863 33 70 

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L ondon* — wiu*. a rasp of co*.- 

lon wadding, the dress was tom 
open — and out from the mod- 
el's latevencased body flew a 
cloud of bugs. 

Shock! Horror! Make that "Sensa- 
tion*' — the name of the Brit/An show 
currently packing them in at the Royal 
Academy, where Damien Hirst’s bugs 
circle a decaying cow 's head. 

The bug dress was shown in a buzzy 
London fashion week, in which the cut- 
ting-edge designers minor avant-garde 
axFin their obsession with sex. death, 
leather, rubber, metal — and publicity. 
Alexander McQueen is on the cover of 
Tune Out and Hirst graces "Dazed and 
Confused.” 

But the real sensation of London 
fashion week was not how shocking 
designers could be — but how fast and 
far the event has grown since the city 
was the lame duck of fashion capitals in 
the early 1990s. 

The Brit/Fash energy was summed up 
by the forward thrust of McQueen. His 
show, which opened with lightning 
flashes and a thunderous sound track, 
was like a hip art installation. The run- 
way was Plexiglas water tanks that 
clouded over as a rain shower fell on the 
models. 

"I wanted to enjoy what I was doing, 
to have fun again,” McQueen said 
backstage. But he did more than that: He 
proved that he has already created a 
signature style. It is based on scalpel- 
sharp cutting (.like tailoring made in a 
marquetry of pinstripes and checks) and 
on cowl drapes. They swooped front and 
back on skinny dresses and jumpsuits, 
which often had a zipper circling the 
hips to suggest an imminent striptease. 

There was plenty of that, too. For the 
other side of McQueen — the one that 
gets him his "bad boy” title — is the 
use of images associated with hard-core 
sex and S & M. Skirts rise rudely at the 
rear, leather straps bandage bared 
breasts or Chinese- lantern ribbons open 


a reeo show cs the body. Add to that 
ssal':: mouth braces or silver ribs 
caging the chest. 

Ail this is discomforting and distaste- 
ful • which is the general idea). Yet Mc- 
Queen was always in control of his show', 
drawing back from excess to send oul 
under the rain shower, fresh white cotton 
dresses with delicate embroidery. Even 
the darker ideas have a silver lining, like 
leather prettily perforated or fretted. It 
w as not a ground-breaking show, in that 
it purified and even commercialized Mc- 
Queen's essential looks, tat the fabulous 
presentation lived up to the hype. 

If you want fashion as art. Hussein 
Chalayan *s \ is ion was powerful and 
personal — a compass-turn around a 
woman's body. That meant open circles 
at the sides of soft jersey' dresses or 
twirls of decorative stitching. The 
show's finale seemed like a political 
statement: veiled women whose gar- 
ments were chopped to give varying 
degrees of body exposure. 

Such conceptual shows are difficult, 
not least because Chalayan’s territory 
— fragile arms bound by the clothing to 
the body — has already been explored 
by avant-garde designers like Corame 
des Garcons. But there was a beauty, a 
sincerity and a. modernity at the bean of 
the collection that made it seem worth- 
while. 

In general, London designers have 
spent too much time and energy on 
sheer and asymmetric clothes, reiter- 
ating what no one out there is wearing. 
Tie shows are often over-styled and 
way too long. And McQueen has had a 
baleful effect on new designers trying to 
be the “next big thing.** Saint Martin's 
graduate Tristan Webber followed the 
leather and fishtail trail, and Andrew 
Groves (Tie of the bug dress) traced a 
sharp-shouldered silhouette, but 
couldn’t quite cut it. 

But Matthew Williamson had a real 
hit with a tightly edited collection. His 
pretty, unpretentious clothes in deli- 
rious colors, with subtle dragonfly or 
peacock-feather embroidery, made a 
very fine impression. 


Ah. editing? It is the one ihing thejr/jL' 
don’t seem to teach in fashion school/ 
Clements Ribeiro makes graphic kmtsj 
and has a succulent sense of color. Thera^ 
were excellent pieces, nicely property.* 
booed, and widi intriguing contrasts of.. ' 
texture — but overelaborated witb anist-., 
ic tattoos and the familiar sheer tom. 

Other knitwear specialists found if ' 
hard to stick to plain and purl. Lain*#' 
Keogh’s seaweed beds of knitting 
works of art, tat she sank her show of 
delicate mermaid dresses in aquatic col- _ 
ors by showing it in the half-dark. Joiufe . . 
Rocha had got on tire worldwide wdC5 
with spidery knits. that seemed, as heP 
showed them, too gossamer-fine for the 
real world. 'P 

What is modernist decoration — tfaS* 
fashion story emerging from the Lod~- 
don shows, which close Taesday? Sonja 
Nnttall did a good job of adding texture ^ 
and pattern by a judicious choice of. 
fabrics or with splotch prints. Flower*;. 


f 


AV'« 


pot and orchid prints on simple wrapped' » 
to Mark Whi?"-; 


clothes gave a freshness 
taker’s well-focused presentation. At:- 
Workers for Freedom, star-flower decri 
oration ran riot, although the apphqufis : , 
and cutouts were deftly done. -l&T 


Jean Muir's pretty collection Mon-- 
‘ ash . 


»!i\. 


day introduced fresh colors like coraF; 
and peach, with decoration as just a :: 
subtle square of sequins or a chrysan-. 
themum flower in damask The late 7 / 
designer would be gratified to see how ’ 
the team has given her classic silk jersey ', 
a contemporary spin. 




ri • . ,r' 

:■ j 


S OME shows were just fun,' 
catching London’s upbeat spir- 
it Owen Gaster showed his in- 
ventive, if tricksy, cutting, 
among billiard tables in apool hall. The 
shoe designer Patrick Cox staged a 
show like a 1960’s photo shoot For 
Katharine Hamnett, the “show” was a 
sex-charged video of her clothes shot is 
the desert Screened in an (empty) me- 
dieval prison, it .turned the show into a 




“happening” — another example of 
odern fashion ii 


m 

modem art 


imitating the world of 


CROSSWORD 


ACROSS 


i Follower of 

Mary 

8 Return to base 
before 
proceeding 


23 Dagger handle 
a« Close 

23 In 

(intrinsically) 


10 Hot springs 
13 Resort town 
near Santa 
Barbara 


2B Comedy 
■ brothers ol 
60'9-70'sTV 

32 Satirist Mcrt 


4i Bargain with the 
prosecutor 
48 Jumpy 
45 Signals at 
Sotheby's 

4« item on a 

cowboy boot 

47 Slightly bounce 


10 Caught sight of 

1 1 Lima's land 

12 Each 
is Luke 

Skywaiker's 

father 


14 'You — — 

Beautiful’ (1975 

Joe Cocker hit) 
13 Hard to 
comprehend 


33 Set in ’Die 
Fledermaus’ 

34 Prez's stand-in 
*5 Skater's 

maneuver 


50 ‘Pardon me" 

51 Draft org. 

5* Double-reed 

instrument 


17 Russia's 

Mountains 
22 Not at home 



3 


J— 

TT 




* 




i5” 



■ 


16 5neaky thief 

18 Flying-relaied 

19 Mined metal 

20 Real howler 

21 In shreds 


as Carlo 

37 Spanish 

general Duke of 


55 Theme of this 
puzzle 

36 Ship’s spine 
a Chrlssie of 
tennis 


23 Member of a 
notorious biker 
gang 

24 Will of 

5 5- Across 

25 Writer Asimtw 


38 A very good pair 
30 Egyptian cross 
40 Cherished 


ao Jei 

81 U.F.O. crew 

82 Old yet new 
again 

63 Teas ty 


2« Tourist mecca 
near Mexico 
City 

27 Blind followers 


28 The daddy of 
decafs 


Solution to Puzzle of Sept. 29 


0gnn nano □□ana 
□bqh naan naana 
gogQ gaga aaaaa 
gaggoQaaa-uaaa 
Banna ana aan 
□□□QQnsaaaaa 
□ga mao naaua 
QDQQU0Q aaaaaaa 
OCDQI3S aaa □□□ 
□SQQassaaaiDaa a 
Qss nnm oaaaa 
QGiiDQanBnaaaaa 
naans aass 

□anas ansa 

□BQQS QBE3B SSHS 


DOWN 


1 Nuts or crackers 

2 Slightly open 


29 Went congenng 
ao Pack again, as 
groceries 
*i Fifth wheel 



The 

°rde 


MHitriwarUuw 


GNew York Tuna/Edited by Will Shorts. 


3 Aussie buddy 

4 It's usually 
served with 
lobster 


33 Tommy Lae of 
55- Across 
38 Seagoer's woe 
42 Campaigner, for 
short 


a import duty 
• Shoptelk 

7 Moolah 

8 ft's a free 
, country 

9 Window onto 
the ocean 


1 Not rejecting 
Out of hand 


48 "Yeah, sure!" 

48 Proceeds 
80 Work without 
(be daring) 

*1 Hacienda room 
■“ Wound reminder 


44 Not foaling 

48 Bake, as eggs 
47 Speachmaker'8 

Opening 


“Dairy-case 

choice 


6* Adam's mate 
87 Jurisprudence 


£ c 


ti 







SPONSORED SECTION 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 


RAGE 13 


°f An 


WORLD WATER 



: C- % 


M 



^ How cm the world ensure 

adequate and 
safe water supplies for 

-■ « i -n (I MM-M9 

n cvMicmg ana samzanon, 

9 4$M(nntffadkisfiy7 

B 5dtffio»JbdM»fb» 

|F 

P- aappBes, tanking 

ICS msanokaaodaaadldams 

fac a te t ffPB ^ wcto^tf 
aqatfon, protecting 

j — i — i— 

Murmaamn* 
cyeiaf unto water fa 
- indusbyanda&tctittum. 

* These ataasures must bm 
4 P)»m mm raynon, 

; howevar. Countries 
faaUag to Increase water 

4- 

fuppBes often rwi the risk 
■ of upsetting toe balance 
of local ecosystems. 




S’S- .' - ,r- uSStlS^-- 

S ^ 

A * 1- 


'f~ - v-' '’■ 



IThe World’s Freshwater Supplies: The Crunch Is Here 


Ste eartfc & population faces a serious shortage of safe water for drinking sanitation and irrigation. 


SPONSORED SECTION 



Wanted: Political . 
Will and Private 
Invesment : 


President Suleyman De- 
mirei of Turkey presents 
the keynote address today 
at '‘World Water: Financ- 
ing for the Future,” a con- 
ference in Istanbul Io the 
following interview, he 
makes a passionate plea to 
all governments to make 
the provision of safe drink- 
ing water a priority and 
asks for greater encourage- 
ment from international fi- 
nancial institutions. 

About 90 percent of the 
worlds population is said to 
be without potable drinking 
water, and millions die each 
year because of u bad" water. 
Can more be done to focus 
5 attention on this problem and 
| if so, how? Where should the 
~ financing come from — the 
state or the private sector? 

In today's world, access to 
safe water occupies a very 
important place in human de- 
velopment. The most recent 
figures published by the 


have an emergency that re- 
quires special attention. 

I believe it is all a matter of 
priority. Access to safe water 
should be a number one pri- 
ority for governments. If not, 
millions will continue to die, 
and tens of millions will need 
treatment for unsafe water- 
related sickness. All this 
means considerable social 
cost Moreover, preserving, 
sustainable water resources 
is one of die world’s main 
problems. It is our duty to do 
this for future generations. 

Taking action requires 
political will on the part of 
governments as well as fur- 
ther encouragement from in- 
ternational financial institu- 
tions. This drastic problem is 
a matter of policy, not charity. 
The private sector will only 
take an interest and mobilize 
financial resources if govern- 
ments stand firm. 

The CAP project is one of 
the most ambitious in the 


T he world currently consumes about 5 trillion cubic 
meters of fresh water a year. During the 20th century, 
this figure has risen at an average rate of 3.6 percent, or 
more than twice as fast as the world’s population, 
i The original source of virtually all this freshwater is rain 
rtmoff. The portion of that actually available for human use 
amounts to an unchanging 14,000 trillion cubic meters a 
yjear. 

j In 2025, should present rates be maintained, strongly 
rising demand will, for foe first time, equal this unchanging 
sjipply. After that date, the world's 8 billion people will be 
^ consuming more water than nature supplies, with all the 
attendant impact on freshwater-storage areas — lakes, rivers 
and groundwater tables. 


v Neffher wisely nor well 

r — rn -n .1 J 


■ Hit" _ _ _ _ 

. _ L. ^ around the globe. Furthermore, what is actually available to 
focal residents and corporations is not being used either 
rJ, wisely or well. Humankind wastes much of its shrinking 
supplyof freshwater and pollutes an ever greater portion of 
v- y the rest As a result 2025 has already Tong been upon us in 
V. '-iTdlj many parts of foe world, — with catastrophic effects on 
r 

: '1 si'zz 1 


The supply of and demand for water is not evenly distributed 


human health, economic growth, political stability and the 
world’s environment 

According to foe United Nations' Comprehensive As- 
sessment of the Freshwater Resources of foe World, one-fifth 
of the world's population docs not have access to safe 
drinking water, and folly half lacks water for proper san- 
itation. As a result, some 50 percent of foe population of 
developing countries is afflicted with an illness arising from 
or associated with these lacks. These illnesses kill some 5 
million people a year. 

Many of these people live in foe teeming cities of East and 
Southeast Asia and m Latin America. With 300 muni- 
cipalities in China alone now reporting serious shortages, the 
growing lack of water threatens to deprive these cities’ 
thriving business communities — the engines of their con- 
tinents’ strong economic growth. 

To meet tins need, several cities in the developing world 
(including, notably, Beijing) arc resorting to building long- 
distance pipelines. Long in wide use in the world's ag- 
riculture sectors, foe pipelines help explain why 60 percent of 
the sector's water never reaches its destination: the pipelines 
are prone to evaporation and “trickle of! ” 

Because much of the world’s soil is not suited tolong-ttim 


irrigation, the water that arrives in foe fields contributes to foe 
destruction of the soil’s stability. The result is “salinization,” 
which afflicts one-fifth of foe world’s 250 million hectares of 
irrigated land; this figure is increasing at a rate of 1 .5 million 
hectares of land a year. 

Politics and ecology 

In addition to foe ecological problems it causes, this trend 
toward building long-distance water-supply systems gives 
rise to another kind of peril. The sharing of water among 
regions and states sooner or later produces conflicts. This 
sharing has most often taken place in the world’s inter- 
regional and transnational river basins. According to foe 
United Nation, some 3,000 of these basins are foe scenes of 
current conflicts. Once foe various “water mining” practices 
currently being used start to fail and the level of need rises to 
desperate levels, these conflicts could escalate from ac- 
rimonious squabbling — their current status — into pitched 
battles. 

“Water mining” refers to all practices of water extraction 
that are unsustainable in the long run. “Short-stopping” river 

Continued on page IS 



United Nations Environment 
Program draw attention to a 
very tragic fact Each day 
25,000 people die due to poor 
water quality, and 1.7 billion 
people — more than one- 
third of foe world's popu- 
lation — are without a safe 
water supply. This means we 


Turkey’s President Stdeyman 
Demirei: Taking action 
requires poMori wS on foe 
part of governments as weBaa 
further encouragement from 
International financial 
institutions. This drastic 
problem is a matter of 
policy, not charity. ' 


world. Can others learn from 
Turkey's experience? 

Certainly. Again, it was a 
matter of priority and was 
considered a viral investment 
in Turkey’s future. We de- 
cided to go ahead, and we. 

Continued on page 14 x 


t itil 


■ .'-.VC32 


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The new world 

j & Y* ■ I" "The i more your bank gets 

V ^ # globalized, the more you 

| get dose to them." 

f As a State- Bank our aim is not only to finance new projects but to help 
\ them expand upon their successes worldwide. This is the foothold of 
T globalization that we believe. We are committed to incorporating a 
f global dimension into our strategical thinking throughout our 
* u representatives. Consequently, we provide our clients a wide range of 
[ import and export services. And we are always in charge with our 
expertised personnel. ' 


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News of our success as an 
international water services 
company is spreading 


The reason why is crystal clear. Thames Water is 
’exporting excellence" and/)Rering countries the world 
over its expertise In the management and development 
of water systems. 

In the UK, we serve London ' 
and the Thames Valley. Our . ! 
extensive operational . • ' . = 7 


We understand both sectors. Until 1989, we were, in 
fact, publicly owned. Thames Water operates world- 
wide. but on every major project, we work alongside a 
local partner and employ local people. 

A world leader 

'v ° peratins * n p artneishi p wifo 
MmBBBfr Turkish organisations, at 


skills have been . 
gained by running / 
a high-quality /■ r '’ 
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Recently, we have won 
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Working in partnership 
Every country is totally different That's why we have 
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Tblk to Thames Water 
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'SUfc aa wrawBiiasw®*--, 


WORLD WATER 


International 
Rescue Effort to 
Save the Aral Sea 






Groundbreaking ^ 

Water Projects |r 




The disaster has been compared to Chernobyl. 


w&' - L 


*■- ■ i ■ifiaff--'* ■■ 




nn^ey’s water 




■»■..., . ■ ■« j ' 


A ccording to the old 
adage, “oil and water 
don’t mix.” Bui in 
the case of the Aral Sea in 
Central Asia, scene of the 
world’s worst ecological dis- 
aster, Central Asian govern- 
ments are hoping that private 
oil companies will become 
more involved as an inter- 
national rescue operation 
gets under way. 

The drying up of the Aral 
Sea is a disaster “comparable 
with that of Chernobyl,” says 
the Russian scientist V. 

Perevedensev, 

The shrinking sea and pol- 
lution now affect a surround- 
ing population of more than 
20 million people, who face 
an almost total lack of safe 
drinking water. 


Uzbekistan's minister of 
health, says that “the ma- 
jority of children are weak 
and vulnerable to infections, 
and many suffer anemia and 
rickets during the first year of 
life.” 

Tuberculosis, viral hepat- 
itis and throat cancer are 
common. In Kazakhstan’s 
Kyzyl-Orda region, 80 per- 
cent of the 660,000 popu- 
lation are said to be iiL 








E*/:* jp* ■ 

mza&m. 




— beginv^#, 

S32biltfon^ Southeast Anatolian (GAP) . 

gram in the area around the southeastern crtjrofAdaMtTO 
Reject began in the 1950s and will not be completed firig ;/ 

2005. -Ml#: 

TVansformarion in sight . . D , .... . _i,v. 

The GAP project will eventually irrigate 8.5 million nrewea . 
(20 million acres), equal to 19 percent ofTurkey’s cultxvsifc 
area, and provide 22 percent of its hydroelectricity. Jl . 

The project is designed to transform what is now one ot ran 
. j <* tkriinnn fltmn tlniral and nn 


The shrinking sea 
The Aral Sea, once the 
fburth-Iargest lake on earth, 
has shrunk by more than 70 
percent since I960. 

The sea is now only about 
14,000 square miles (36,260 
square kilometers) and has 
split into two smaller lakes, 
leaving fishing boats, small 
towns and villages high and 
diy some 20 miles (32 ki- 
lometers) or more from the 
original water’s edge. 

Thousands of tons of salt 
from the 12,741 miles of ex- 
posed sea bed are blown by 
the wind hundreds of miles 
away, according to a recent 
report financed by the World 
Bank and the United Nations 
Development Program. 
Combined with saturation 
levels of fertilizers, pesti- 
cides. phenyls, mineral salts 
and petroleum residues, this 
has left an almost lethal 
“cocktail” in surrounding 
land areas. 

Drinking water supplies, 
such as they are, have been 
contaminated. S. Karimov. 


Diverting the flow 
The Aral Sea is drying up 
primarily because the inflow 
from two rivers, the Amu 
Darya and Syr Darya, was 
diverted by the building of 
the 800-mile Kara Kum ir- 
rigation canal. Consequently, 
the annual flow of water into 
the Aral Sea dropped from 55 
cubic kilometers to 4 cubic 
kilometers. 

Scientists fear that the ef- 
fects of the disappearance of 
the Aral Sea on the Central 
Asian climate could lead to 
serious global climatic 
changes. 

Kazak hstan’s president, 
N. Nazarbaev, who heads the 
Aral Sea Rescue Fund, says 
that Central Asia's water 
problem could have “de- 
structive global con- 
sequences Even now. this 

disaster has subjected the 
people of the wide Central 
Asian region to incalculable 
suffering.” 


Getting attention 
The leaders of the five main 
countries forming the Inter- 
state Council on the .Aral Sea 
Basin — Kazakhstan, 
Uzbekistan. Turkmenistan. 
Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan 
— are now giving maxim- 
um priority to focusing world 
attention on their environ- 
mental and water problems. 

Johannes Lynn, vice pres- 




EIWIT A-5. 


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The project is designed to transform what is now oneot ap 
. ■; . '• •“■i./V- ' : '*v* country's poorest areas into a thriving agricultural raid * 

% ^ • rSaj ESSafg'*. dustrial area. _ , .V'.^ 

^ A'J- 1 1 gap involves 495 separate projects. By the time it|i 

• - fsSiL* . ‘ r •• *"“5^7. ^ .■•< **■, 1 completed, it will include 22 dams on toe Tfens raid & 

’•* — ?***». § phrates rivers and their tributaries; more than LOCK) kt; 

~ ^ » ;-v‘ -r - -- :;r -^-i •• ~ ^^llometeis (620 miles) of irrigation canals, feeders and <%* 

gtrilniiion networks; and 19 power stations. • 1: 


• . Jr.-f 






l *'v 

v...,4 A 




■*?> 


7he shrink^ Aal sea am/poflWkw ffwaalm more than 20 mflton people, who ftce an aknc^ total fack of safe dhrifciTgiiirtK 


idem of the World Bank, has 
said: “With clear objectives 
and priorities and sound 
management of available 
sources, you can count on 
future support of the World 
Bank and other international 
financial institutions.” 

The World Bank has 
already pledged support of 
8380 million before the end 
of the century. 

The Aral Sea Rescue Fund 
has raised more than $4 1 mil- 
lion from donor countries 
and international organiza- 
tions. 

Last year, the World Bank 
approved a SS million facility 
to Uzbekistan to help finance 
a pilot water-supply project 
in Karakalpakstan, part of the 
disaster zone. 

Japan’s International Co- 
operation Agency (JICA) is 
studying an estimated $600 
million water management 
and land recovery program 
covering nearly 350 square 
miles alongside the Aral 
Sea. 

The Kuwait Fund for Arab 


Economic Development has 
also given more than S2 mil- 
lion to Kazakhstan and 
Uzbekistan for potable water 
and sanitation systems in toe 
Aral Sea basin. It has also 
reportedly pledged further fi- 
nancial support 


fund water and land reha- 
bilitation schemes as well as 
to exploit possible oil re- 
sources. 

Hurricane has bought out 
toe local state-controlled oil 
company, Yuzhneftegaz, for 
SI 20 million. 


Tapping the oil companies 
The Asian states are also 
looking to toe oil companies 
for help. 

Serikbek Daukiev, Kaza- 
khstan's deputy minister for 
mineral and energy re- 
sources. says there are hopes 
that oil can be found in the 
Aral Sea basin. 

An oil exploration consor- 
tium is being established to 
carry out geophysical tests 
beginning next year. Con- 
tracts have been signed with 
Plain Resources of the 
United States and with a Jap- 
anese company. 

It is hoped that companies 
like Hurricane Hydrocarbons 
Ltd. of Alberta. "Canada can 
be persuaded to use offset 
deals in their negotiations to 


Special economic zone 
Kyzyl-Orda. which Kes on 
the Syr Darya river, has been 
declared Kazakhstan's first 
special economic zone, with 
a package of incentives for 
foreign investors. 

Hurricane is one of toe 
first foreign companies to es- 
tablish itself there and has 
promised to spend some 
S280 million over the next 
six years on oil infrastructure 
and social projects. 

It has been quietly drilling 
for oil in the Kumkol oil 
fields in the South Tuigai 
Basin of central Kazakhstan. 
One field alone produced 
48.000 barrels of oil a day in 
August 

fat addition to taking over 
an company with more 


than 5,000 employees. Hur- 
ricane now runs a farm, trad- 
tog bouse, 1 ] gas stations — 
and a soccer team. 

Although toe Aral Sea it- 
self is not directly within toe 
scope of Hurricane’s oper- 
ations, John Komamicki, 
president and chief executive 
officer of the company, says: 
“The area in which we op- 
erate is bring affected by toe 
erosion of toe Aral Sea. Salt 
carried off toe drying shore is 
having an effect on agricul- 
ture and local water quality. 

“As we have been in op- 
eration ax Kumkol for less 
than one year, we have fo- 
cused on improving working 
and Irving conditions on our 
site.” he continues. “We 
have implemented some sig- 
nificant changes, which have 
had a positive effect on toe 
health and safety of our em- 
ployees. We monitor the 
quality of drinking water on 
site and are investigating a 
filtration system for 
KrnnkoL” 

Michael Frenchman 


The heart of GAP , : 

At the heart of the project is the $2.5 billion Ataturk dam i 
the Tigris river, which was competed in 1990, and toe ri 
Sanburfe tunnels, the longest of their kind in toe world. Sin 
toe end of 1 994, they have been carrying water to irrigate* 
formerly arid plains along Turkey’s border with Syria. _ ; 

Turkish President Suleyman Demirel says toe GAP pri 
ect “will be a success story when completed and is afrea 
referred to as toe ‘Eighth Wonder of the World.’ We ta 
great pride in GAP and have every reason to do so. GJ 
stands as a successful example of an integrated developme 
project in an underdeveloped region." He adds that GAP w 
increase regional income levels five-fold and will create 3 
million jobs. — : 


Political Will, Private Investment 


Continued from page 13 


proceeded with our own resources — 
finance, know-how, manpower and all. 
As we say in Turkish; “To start is 
halfway to a conclusion,” 

We have come a long way, and we 
have proved our point To meet the 
expectations of people in toe region, we 
will continue to deploy alt our efforts to 
complete toe project 

Turkey 's involvement with GAP 
mokes it one of the biggest players in the 
Middle East water game. Are politics 
and water inseparable, oris there now a 
chance for greater cooperation over 
water resources? 

Politics and water are not insepar- 
able. In feet toe two should be sep- 
arated. It is normal that the interests of 
states should clash from time to time. 
But toe bottom line is that neighbors 
have to live together. Thus, in toe long 


term, cooperation is for toe benefit of 
everyone. Contrary to what many think, 
toe utilization of water resources in the 
region may actually provide an op- 
portunity for cooperation rather than 
confrontation if we develop a common 
vision for the future. 

The key is toe realization that a 
scarce, yet ultimately vital, resource 
such as water can only be efficiently 
used when managed on a regional scale. 
For a long time, Turkey has proposed 
such a scheme. This is toe “Three-stage 
Plan for Optimal. Equitable and Rea- 
sonable Utilization of the Transbound- 
ary Watercourses of toe Euphrates- 
Tigris Basin.” We believe that focusing 
on the mutually beneficial effects of 
regional cooperation would turn an oth- 
erwise “zero-sum” game into a “win- 
win” situation. 

In the final analysis, experts say that 
the developing world must face the truth 


— that water is not * ‘free. "It has to be 
paid for. Do you agree? 

When water is used for agriculture 
and industry, it is a raw material and, in 
toe case of urban water supply, it is a 
consumable item. Like any other com- 
modity, it has a cost when supplied to 
toe consumer. Therefore, everyone 
should be aware that it is not free and 
unlimited. 

Water has a price, whether it is paid 
for or not When the consumer does not 
pay, someone else does. In most cases, it 
is paid for by the whole of society. In 
that case, the price paid is much higher 
than the simple costs of supplying wa- 
ter. As a result, there are great economic 
distortions. This is a reality, and toe 
sooner we fece up to it, the better. 
Already some countries have carried 
out new projects for effective use of 
their internal water resources. 

Interview by MJR. 


Sticky issues 

The GAP project is a source of enormous pride for Turkey 
but it has drawn criticism both at home and abroad. LocallfP 
there are worries about its impact on toe environment raxF 
about issues of land ownership and distribution. Turkey^ 
neighbors Syria and Iraq are concerned about their share of 
the river waters, although Turkey has consistently stated fi§* 
intention to honor a 1987 agreement that guarantees a flow bf 
500 cubic meters of water per second in the Euphrates as*#* 
crosses toe Syrian border. :f*? ; 

These unresolved environmental and water-sharing issuj# 
have made international funders reluctant to support GA£* 
and Turkey has had to finance most of toe work itsel£ 
prompting it to tackle toe issues bolding back private jP 
trancing both for components of GAP and for other majtSF 
projects. ’** 

So far, the country has had striking successes in launchUjg; . 
two projects on a build-operatc - t ran sfer (BOT) basis, eiP 
abfing it to attract international finance and technical anS 7 

nran^^nent expertise. . ... y 

A venture headed by Germany’s Philipp Holzmann w«fr • 
local partner Gama Endustri has put together a package for? 
one of the projects in GAP, the 672-MW Birecik hy-| 
droelectric dam on the Euphrates river. . _ ’ 

The package indudes equity contributions from venture j 
members together with export credits fromGenmany, France, | 
Belgium and Austria, and a substantial syndicated Joan from f 
44 banks. The dam will produce 2.500 kWofpoweranmiafly j 
and irrigate 70,000 hectares of land in toe Gaziantep and j 
Araban plains areas. 


“World Water” 

was produced in Us entirety by the Advertising Department of the International Herald Tribune, 
it was sponsored by ENKA, Yapi Kredi and the display advertisers. 

Writers: Pam Dougherty in Jordan. Michael Frenchman in London and Terry Sweolzberg in Munich. 

Program Director: Bill Mahder 


In private hands ; 

On the other side ofTurkey, toe Izmit domestic and industrial I 
water supply project is the largest privately financed water j 
supply scheme in the world. It will bring water to 1 .5 million 2 
consumers in the area of Izmit, a coastal town 100 kilometers i 
southeast of Istanbul. The Izmit project will utilize water’ 
from toe Kixazdere springs, which rise in toe mountains’ 
southeast of toe city. A 60-imllion-cubic-meter capacity dam ; ^ 
will be used to provide 140 million cubic meters of water*™ 
annually to the system, which will serve Izmit and itsl 
surrounding areas. The leading investor in the scheme is j 
Thames Water, which is working with two local companies, j 
Gama Endustri and Guns Insaat & Muhendislflc, together! 
with Japan’s Mitsui and Sumitomo. . , " ) 

The Birecik and Izmit projects have done much to clear } 
away the legal hurdles that have prevented Turkey, a pioneer) 
of toe BOT approach in toe 1980s, from getting projects) 
under way until now. Two key issues — toe adequate 
guarantees for repayment of construction financing and toe 
treatment of ventures as commercial contracts rather than 
concessions so that foreign partners can go to international 
arbitration in case of disputes — have now been resolved. 

Progress on toe projects is expected to open the way for a 
rush of new BOT projects in Turkey, which has an estimated 
1 1 5 schemes in power and transport as well as water on toe 
drawing board. . . ' a 

Pam Dougherty ™ 


> IT- 


r ' 



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international herald tribune, Tuesday; September 30, 1997 


RAGE 15 


[Choice ! 

t§s§ 5 §s 

> he rd l ^ ,t 's Z*™ y* 

e nniali? S ^ all V in.1 ?*** tJ 


RLD WATER 


’First Priority: Finding the Funding 


Providing finance for water projects and supplies may be the next global bonanza 


,v erna^ nal »ays^Pid5 

’ vreS ***»<£ 
* ■ 


A ccording to the Worid 
Bank, developing 
crannies will need to 
spend $690 billion to beat die 
>poridwi&. water crisis. It 
says rhflf .^ 0 percent of the 
pppulatiog do not have ac- 
cess to dfen waio; and 40 
percent &&s “doomc water 
shortages.^ 

.. “There.'* enomous po- 
tential fo& water supplies, 
qomparafde to the demand 
for oil and gas," declares 
t*' Marion Price; head of project 
finance at London-based 


•erful ft STS***?- 


co ;^«a* fe®* O 

SfiJSS 

'! IE? tall . ^ 


spending. Between 15 per- 
cent and 20 percent of die 


cent and 20 percent of die 
total comes from the private 
sector, which, says Marion 
Price, has so far been less 
involved. 


The Cinderella of utilities 
“Water has always been mis- 
takenly regarded as the 
Cinderella of the utility 
companies,” says Ricardo 
Barcelona, director of global 
utilities for ABN-AMRO 
Hoare Govett and an expert 
on raising equity ami invest- 


let use fcU v * 

“ k ,dnn “i 5 SS #i ^- 

£- jk anymore a Phi 


•^^Vwiru, 


tiddle CJasi 


'*^ oi mafia sla* ^ 


^cials and t 

- *•••*« and media. An* 

' -r^ecaaUytoalLThepfc 

: -^s. ut other words * 

; ®3) amply one oor» 

they could a* 
“Sitonately moonlit. 

- ^-irv services — ^ 

f; ? :jv: *£g law enfon* 
•; oa behalf of those 

“+• 73* . 

" ;s not a choice t 
^ resolved this yea 
’ ~V- ?'■** ^ a struggle t 

- _i iefae Russian pdt 
i -“- :n tha: struggle, the® 

: — -sj?: a New Middle iic. ( 

- :r.e constituency fe ' 
" -Tjp: site is, by defim 
:c power — it g 
; .■ r^iiers ar.i industrialists: 

- '::;e benefited from gw 

filers aid hope to 
::“-c -t?e:s so. 

i .*.? zer.snmency for a ni 
::w •/, vie emerging mi 
r- ;:i.- s. ±: people who see s 
v-:tf ter themselves in 
-x who expect a 

• r. cs the way to succat 
. * ir; least no handicaps.! 

is sit! snail— accoE 
-• ■ : z: register Alexander^ 
of Rosass 

_ *. .Vmii 4io fim 



initiates the project and runs 
it for a period of perhaps 20 
years, and then hands the 
whole operation over to the 
host government. 

David Suratgar. deputy 
chairman of die merchant 
bankers Morgan Grenfell In- 
ternational of London, iden- 
tifies dozens of sources of 
financing water projects, 
from the IFC and various 
credit agencies (“usually a 
little more expensive”) to bi- 
lateral aid agencies, commer- 
cial banks and debt-funding 
operations. “But raising 
money for water is a relat- 
ively new idea in the private 
sector," says Mr. Suratgar. 
The World Bank estimates 
that only 5 percent of finan- 
cial assistance comes from 
the private sector. 


Thames Water says raising 
the financing was a complex 
operation, involving 27 
banks. Mitsui and Sumitomo 
took 15 percent of the equity, 
and arranged some $1 80 mil- 
lion in debt to be repaid in flic 
form of untied aid (goods and 
services) from Japan and 
elsewhere. The municipality 
took another 15 percent as a 
S2Q million share of the 
equity. A special feature of 
the operation was foe close 




cooperation of foe export 
credit agencies coordinated 




credit agencies coordinated 
by foe ECDG (Britain’s Ex- 




DevetoptagcoutihmrmdSeoObBSon to beet the water crisis. 


Coopers & Lybrand. “We 
h^ve to have water before we 
Ijave electricity or power; 
qyen before food,” . 

■* f She adds foot a major 
problem in some parts of foe 
wpld is putting across , foe 
qiessage to authorities, who 
accept foe need for treated, 
clean water but may fee re- 
luctant to pay for it 
•j;The Internat i onal F inanc e 
Corporation estimates : foot 
worldwide, spending on wa- 
ter projects' in foe public and 
private seefore is about $30 
rep res e nt in g 12 per- 
qgnt ofrfobd,. infrastructure’. 


ing in water projects. “Most 
of foe focus on privatization 
of utilities has been on foe 
electricity industry.” 

Funding water projects is a 
slow and complex business 
involving months and often 
years of negotiations, as most 
countries regard water as a 
“sovereign renewable re- 
source” not to be handed 
over to foreign developers or 
financiers. This is why some 
major water projects are be- 
ing run on a bmld-operate- 
transfer (BOT) basis. A 
private company, perhaps in 
conjunction- with foe state, . 


The major players 
Just how complex foe issues 
can become may be gauged 
by Thames Water’s involve- 
ment in a number of world- 
wide projects. Thames Water 
is one of the leading private 
operators in this field There 
are two French companies, 
Compagnie G6n6rale des 
Eaux and Lyonnaise des 
Eaux, and force other British 
companies — United Util- 
ities, Biwater and Anglian 
water; 

Initial negotiations had be- 
gun between Thames Water 
and die Turkish go v er n ment 
in 1 989-90 on a BOT project 
for Izmit, located near Istan- 
bul on foe Asian side of die 
Bosphorus. It was not until 
October 1995 that foe S864 
million contract for Izmit, foe 
first water-sector BOT proj- 
ect in Turkey, was signed. 
The 15-year joint venture in- 
volves foe Izmit Municipal- 
ity; two local contractors, 
f»«m a and Guris; and Japan’s 
Sumitomo and Mitsui. The 
Turkish government is guar- 
anteeing payment of foe wa- 
ter price. Hie project will 
save a population of 1 3. mil- 
lion. 

A spokesperson , for . 


involving COFACE (Com- 
pagnie Frangaise d* Assur- 
ance pour Ie Commerce Ex- 
tericur), JEXIM (Japan’s 
Export-Import Bank) and 
M1TI (Japan's Ministry of 
International Trade and In- 
dustry), an all-time first. 

“The strength of Thames 
Water’s balance sheet and its 
own banking relationships 
meant that the loan could be 
syndicated very quickly at a 
time when Turkey’s credit 
rating was slipping," says foe 
Thames Wetter spokesper- 
son. 

Last June, Thames Water 
also signed a 25-year deal to 
manage and improve a wa- 
ter-supply system for 5 mil- 
lion people in Jakarta, In- 
donesia, which is expected to 
get under way next year. The 
project is being financed by 
30 percent equity and 70 per- 
cent borrowing. Thames Wa- 
ter, as foe majority share- 
holder, will invest about S70 
million, which win be raised 
from outside foe utility busi- 


PT Kekarpola Airindo. the 
principal partner, and others 
will fund foe remaining 
equity, and foe rest of foe 
financing will come from in- 
ternational commercial 
banks. 

“This project is amost sig- 
nificant win for Thames Wa- 
ter," says David Luffrum, fi- 
nance and planning director. 

Michacj Fbenyhjnan 


-t 


Hii'fcjl a'-: 


• •• -!»«•»■ .>1 • 


rt* • rt> I'CV. ’ ; ; : 


; j GtsprapfflHJC 

2Z- si is gns* 
• -* ■ j '-~ 220, ithinlli® 


M 

CEYLAN 

INTER-CONTINENTAL 

ISTANBUL 


r-» 


ngered Sp m i 


'gSiS* 

-/■.CM lisaa* 

.■i — ' '-tcS*' 


\ - 

.TVJ‘ fs tf 3 

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.1 , J 

1 “ . 1- 




The city is, magical 
The hotel is magnificent . 




Thr Crykn Inter-ContiiKiibil if an exquisite combination of 
{locurious rn tenors and impeccable service. For those who 
know t be best, it is the emfyeboier in Istanbul . . 






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U.K: London (o I8i) 817 2277, outside London 034S SBim 
USA. i 800 327 0200 toll-free. 




f r/ f 


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' • : ^ F 

n 


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Uniquely Inter-ContmentaL 




ChkWs Ymgtu Ptwn The Thne Gorges dam wttbe #» worifsbiggatt, but observes* wony about damage to fte ecosystem. 


The World’s Freshwater Supplies 


Continued from page 13 


water is prime among them. In addition 
to foe political inpact of depriving the 
neighboring countries downstream of 
their share of foe water, short-stopping 
reduces the river's flow speed, causmg a 
higher rate of evaporation. Many of foe 
rivers ofNarfo America and Asia suffer 
from this problem, which also destroys 
aquatic ecosystems. 

The number one method of short- 
stopping is foe building of dams. Ac- 
cording to a recent article in der Spiegel, 
36,000 dams now grace the world’s 
bodies of water. 

The other popular method of water 
mining is “over-tapping" foe local 
groundwater. This causes foe ground- 
water table to sink, drying up local 
wetlands and forcing residents to dig 
ever-deeper wells. This problem is now 
being faced in eastern China, southern 
India and other areas responsible for 
feeding much of foe world’s popula- 
tion. 


problems, this ever-growing concen- 
tration of residence and economic activ- 
ity in foe world’s metropolises offers, 
paradoxically enough, foe best long- 
term prospects for postponing a crunch 
in 2025. 

“Water s a finite resource that can be 
used a large number of times, given the 
proper investment in infrastructure and 
equipment,” points out Roland Har- 
tung, head of the Mannheimer Ver- 
sorgungs- und Veikehisgesellschaft 
m.b.FL, the provider of public services 


in the western German city. “The pre- 
condition for doing so is an agglom- 
eration of consumers and corporations 
large and dense enough to justify the 
size of foe investment" 

The developing world’s metropolises 
have these agglomerations. But is there 
sufficient money? The price tags for the 
upgrading of the sewage treatment sys- 
tems of a single city — such as Hong 
Kong, Dacca or Bombay — range from 
S4 billion to $10 billion. 

Terry Swartzberg 


Urban trends 

For the first time in human history, more 
thaD 50 percent of foe worlds residents 
live in cities, a figure rising at about one 
percentage point a year. The source of a 
range . of .horrendous, environmental 


Turkey’s President Suleyman Demirel 
wfU open an international conference on 
water and finance at the - Ceylan Inter- 
Continental Hotel in Istanbul today. 
Hundreds of experts and delegates will 
be attending the conference, which 
lasts until Oct 2. 

There will be a wide range of cor- 
porate, financial and government 
speakers, including JeanClaude Vil- 
liard. director. Infrastructure Develop- 
ment Group, North Africa Region, World 
Bank; Bill Alexander, the newly appoin- 


ted chief executive of Thames Water; 
and David Suratgar. deputy chairman of 
Morgan Grenfell International. 

One of the highlights of the meeting 
will be a visit to foe GAP project in 
Southeast Anatolia. 

The sponsors for foe conference, 
which has been convened by foe In- 
ternational Herald Tribune, include 
Thames Water. Emlak Bankas:, ENKA, 
EMT, ICOC, Ceylan InterContinental 
(Istanbul) and Yapi Kredi. 

M.F. 




XappiffienH Kasa^CTama 
93 ymnneri flefi ce 3 me fli 


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between the government of Kazakhstan and western companies. 


In 1996, we solidified our commitment and investment in 
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Hurricane’s assets include 340 million barrels in proven 
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47,000 barrels, and a skilled workforce. 


Our goal is to continue to bring together the natural and 
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A Global 1*1 1 


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BUSINESS/FINANCE 


TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 


PAGE r 


> 

(Germans May Fret, but the Outlook Is Improving 


By Reginald Dale 

Inimvaiomi Herald Tribmt 


4 


W HILE an agile America 
prospers in die global 
economy, the once 
widely envied German 
economic model looks plodding, con- 
strictive and out of date, m Bonn, potit- 
idal deadlock over much-needed tax 
reform is raising doubts as to whether 
the country has the willpower to adapt 
tp international competition, 
f With its burdensome welfare sys- 
tem, sclerotic labor market and record 
unemployment, Germany has become, 
in the eyes of many Americans, a sym- 
bol of all that is wrong with Europe. 

' Germany's partners in the European 
Union, long irritated by German lec- 
turing about their economic inadequa- 
cies, have greeted Germany’s fall from 
grace with a certain relish. 

Of course, they would prefer a 
! healthy Germany. But a senior German 


official says he had never seen so many 
smiling faces around an EU meeting 
table as when Germany first told the 
other members it might fail to meet the 
budgetary requirements for joining the 
planned European single cur- 

renc y- THINKING 


Germans themselves, ever ahead 
prone to self-doubt, have 
heightened the anxiety by 
openly questioning whether they will 
be able to compete with low-wage 
countries in Latin America and Central 
Europe, or to keep up with world tech- 
nological change. 

There are real reasons for concern. 

But Germans and outsiders are ex- 
aggerating the gloom. Far too much 
attention is being paid to Germany's 
current problems of political and eco- 
nomic management and far too little to 
the major restructuring of German 
business and industry that is now well 
underway. 

hi sectors ranging from textiles and 


chemicals to autos and insurance, Ger- 
man companies are focusing on core 
activities, merging, cost-cutting, shed- 
ding surplus labor and adopting more 
flexible working practices, just as 
American corporations start- 
ed doing in the 1980s. This 
shakeout is one reason un- 
employment is so high. 
Helped by a lower ex- 
change rate against the dollar, mod- 
erate wage increases and big gains in 
productivity. German business has 
been regaining its competitiveness, ac- 
cording to experts at the Organization 
for Economic Cooperation and De- 
velopment in Paris. 

Just as in the United States, it will 
take some time for the full con- 
sequences to be felL Only a few years 
ago, critics were telling America it was 
in decline — even as the restructuring 
that would restore U.S. economic su- 
premacy was in full swing. 

It will not be so easy for Germany to 


follow the American path from re- 
structuring to faster economic growth 
to full employment. Germans must 
break die habit of awarding themselves 
big pay increases every time unem- 
ployment starts to fell — which it will 
do as the current economic recovery 
gathers pace. 

* Above all. they must tackle the se- 
rious structural problems that are stunt- 
ing growth and hindering job creation. 
That means deregulating markets for 
labor, capital and goods, trimming so- 
cial-security costs and generally fos- 
tering entrepreneurial activity. 

The prospects of that happening are 
not as remote as the pessimists think . 

While they differ on the details, all 
main political parties agree that a se- 
rious effort must be made to restore 
Germany’s competitive position. If 
they succeed in that effort, Gomans in 
a few years' time, like Americans 
today, could be debating what is going 
right, not what has gone wrong. 


IG Metall Signs Accord 
On Shorter Workweek 

German Pali Covers Those Over 61 


CarpilaJ by Otr Staff From Dtipaaches 

FRANKFURT — Germany’s largest 
union and metal-industry employers in 
the southwestern part of the country 
agreed Monday to give older workers 
the chance to work a shorter week in a 
pact that was hailed by industry as a 
model for the rest of the country, 
i 1G Metall, which represents workers 
in the engineering, caxmaking and 
metals industries, and the employers 
group Gesamtmetall agreed that work- 
ers over the age of 61 should have the 
right to work about half (he normal 
workweek for 82 percent of full-time 
net wages. 

A s imilar arrangement for workers 55 
and older would be voluntary for 


Truce Fails to End Paris-Borm Dispute on European Central Bank 


By Barry James 

Intermltiimal Herald Tribune 


BRUSSELS — France and Germany 
n&ay have publicly put aside their dis- 
agreement over the independence of the 
future central bank, but neither has ac- 
tually abandoned its position, and the 
underlying philosophical differences 
remain, European Union officials and 
diplomats say. 

Although it concedes that the bank 
ijsdf should be independent, Paris still 
insists on an informal but “visible and 
legitimate" political council to coordin- 


ate the economies of the countries in the 
future European single currency bloc. 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Germany 
said a "reasonable solution" would be 
found to the demand, even though Bonn 
has made it clear on numerous occa- 
sions that it does not like the idea. Other 
countries may take a far tougher stand if 
the issue survives until the EU summit 
meeting in December in Luxembourg. 

Just as crucially, Paris and Bonn have 
not ruled out a potential dispute over 
who will become president of the cen- 
tral bank, which will be the guardian of 
the single currency, (he euro, after 


comes into being in January 1999. 

The presumed front-runner is Wim 
Duisenberg of the Netherlands, pres- 
ident of the European Monetary Insti- 
tute, a tough monetarist who would in- 
sist on the central bank being at least as 
independent and rigorous as the 
Bundesbank, a necessary condition for 
the Germans to accept the euro. 

But the Socialists in France, who 
railed while in opposition against "tri- 
umphant monetarism" and the economic 
rigor imposed by die Bundesbank, may 
oppose Mr. Duisenberg and insist on a 
French-speaking candidate, according to 


A Global Phone Clicks on Wall Street 


By Jeny Knight 

Washington Past Service 


WASHINGTON — How much 
\ ould you be willing to pay for a pon- 
a >le telephone that will work anywhere 
i i the world so that people could dial 
< ie number and get yon whether you 
were ip Washington, Walla Walla or the 
&lds of Borneo? 

If $3,000 for the phone and $5 a 
t linnte for calls sounds reasonable, you 
a e a potential customer for Iridium, the 
r lultinationa! partnership that is leading 
t « .race to build the first “works-any- 
\ here-in-the-world" phone system. 

And how much would you be willing 
t » pay for stock in that company? 

If 520 a share sounds good, you are 
too late. Stock in Iridium World Com- 
thunications Ltd. sold for that amount 
\ hen the company went public June 10. 
‘the stock, traded as IR1DF, has taken 
dff since its initial public offering and 
dose Monday at $42 a share on the New 
York Stock Exchange, down S1.3125. 

{ Iridium World Communications has 
gone up faster than the Delta rocket that 
(fasted five Iridium communications 
satellites into orbit Friday night from 
Tandenbexg Air Force base in Califor- 
. It was the sixth successful launching 
■ Iridium this year, giving the venture 
orbiting satellites, a little more than 
the constellation of 66 needed for 
worldwide phone system. 

Iridium World Communications 
dwns almost 9 percent of Iridium LLC, 
tne multinational enterprise behind the 
Venture. The other owners include Lock- 


Flying High 

Iridium World 
Communications Ltd., 
based in Bermuda, is 
traded on NASDAQ. 
Daily dosings 
in U.S. dollars 


$50 



A constellation ol 66 Iridium satellites, 
each weighing 1.500 pounds, witi orbit the 
earth at an altitude of 420 nautical miles 
projecting tightly focused beams over the 
ground- The low earth orbit allows 
communications with hand -held phones. 


Battery module 


June 10, 

1997 

Source Bloomberg 


Sept. 29 



Gateway 
antenna; - 6 ° • 


Command module 

, Communication 
section 


Mam mission 
antenna 

Crosslink antennas 


heed Man in Corp., with about 1 percent 
Motorola Inc., which is supplying the 
satellites and other gear, and owns about 
19 percent; and phone companies in 
several countries that will run the system 
in their parts of the world. Both Iridium 
World, the U.5. partner, and Iridium 
LLC are based in Washington. 

Costing almost S5 billion to get off 
the ground, the Iridium network gives a 
whole new meaning to the idea of a 
“start-up company.” Iridium went inio 
business in 1991. but the roots of the 
company date from a decade ago. when 


Jnlirrbhuul HmU Thhrnnr 

three Motorola scientists came up with 
the idea of a global satellite phone net- 
work a decade ago. 

If Motorola is the mother of this in- 
vention. the father is Robert Kinzie.63, a 
veteran of the satellite industry. Mr. Kin- 
zie went to work for what is now Comsat 
Corp. in 1 966. He served as president of 
two Comsat divisions and was director of 
strategic planning for Intelsat, (he in- 
ternational satellite communications con- 
sortium, before joining Iridium in 1991 as 

See IRIDIUM, Page 21 


U.S. Approves Glaxo’s 2-Drug AIDS Tablet 


Blotunberg Nnra 

LONDON — Glaxo Wellcome PLC said its new com- 
1 ination treatment for AIDS had been approved for marketing 
i i the United States, combining (wo approved drugs in a 
s Kgk tablet. 

■file drug, called Combivir. contains two commonly pre- 
s rribed AIDS treatments, Epivirand Retrovir. Glaxo said the 
i jmbination would allow patients to reduce the number of 
I ills they take daily, helping them to maintain compliance 
\ ijh the drug regimen. 

"The likelihood of adherence to a prescribed therapy is less 
i hen a regimen involves a high number of tablets and/or high 
frequency of dosing," Glaxo said. 


Retrovir was developed by Wellcome Group PLC, which 
Glaxo bought in 1995. Epivir was developed by BioChem 
Pharma Inc. of Canada ana licensed to Glaxo. 

Meanwhile, Merck & Co. and Agouron Pharmaceuticals 
Inc. showcased study results at a conference Monday in 
Toronto that each company hopes will give it a leg up in the 
growing 51 billion market for protease inhibitors. 

Merck cited preliminary research indicating that its AIDS 
drug Crixivan would work just as well or better when taken 
two times a day. instead of three, as is now the practice. 
Agouron presented early Findings of a small study indicating 
that Viracept had been effective for 1 2 months in suppressing 
the virus that causes AIDS. Viracept is taken twice a day. 



CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


(fro&s Rates 

Sept. 29 Ubfd-Ubor Rates 

Sapt 29 


S I OdL M. ltd Bfl IF- u. Tn b mm 

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; iiatesi*3PM. 

Tobuyoicpount k To brrorK donor. T/rjffy of 100: N.Qj not qoctNt NAj not tneOabte. 



6ther Dollar Values 


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OrftoKY 

hfl 

Cwmcy 

PwS 

Cmihkt 

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4r9«tteo awn 

fimfcdroc. 

37045 

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7913 

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44485 

WBftWat 73893 

MwgXaogS 7.7381 

N.Zrt«4S 

1.5476 

5.K0T.VM 

914.90 

■“Waiisdi. 11407 

IIm» lariat 

19X97 

Nww.lnn 

7105 

SvnLhraM 

75939 

glWI l.CK« 

1— MWPH 

36. 175 

PML pen 

3140 

Iterant 

3840 

rlwiw 8J1S 

iMtenteii 

31010 

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341 

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34.90 

9" d,k OTM 3044 
fehlwo. &7083 

(lUC 

0.6*78 

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17944 

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173Q2S. 

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3-5045 

ten rate 

5346.0 

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3471 

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■^mmg $26U 

Bwdter 

Mrtqr.rf** 

0JOI4 

3.1WS 

SttMflrfrri 

ftra-S 

3.75 

1.5322 

VmhlMt. 

497.10 

forward Rates 

T*n«t St tVf f 


cmrutef 

tettqr **»■» 


U131 Will 
1.3825 U8W 
1.78) IJ551 

1 .4090 
1.2790 
1.7514 

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12056 12099 
14533 1A5T9 

119 JO 

14504 


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Key Money Hates 

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HW TnassiT WB 
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4-noatti Ucrtwnk 
Ift-yaar Band 


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Pra* 

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544 

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557 

5 50 

4-aMBfh Moftwnfc 

7^ 

7U 

AM 

4.84 

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647 

440 

5.17 

5.17 




5.78 

578 

Branco 



5.98 

5.98 

latowntioa rota 

3.10 

110 

503 

402 

Call manor 

3*-4 

3 v» 

509 

4.08 

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3»V 

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538 

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3V» 

5JJB 

508 

4-aoMtti IntoiMnk 

3N 

35V 



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551 

548 

050 

050 

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Lyncti, Bank at Tatye-Mitiublshi. 

045 

044 

Comtmlxx*. QwdB twmwni 


0-52 

054 

Gold 



0J4 

054 

PAL 


054 

054 

JUUL 

CVjo 


lurids 327 -00 327.00 +«S 

London yffM 327.1S *0J(2 

NawYMk 779M 33040 +060 

US. Man per ounce. LonOanaOtM 
flora Terttftonrf Mm York opening 
sntf dKkn prfM Haw Vivk OMini 
(Dec) 

Souroefltoflm 


some European officials. Otherwise the 
Socialist prime minister, Lionel Jospin, 
who is already lacing labor unrest at 
borne, could find himself accused of 
capitulating to the German conditions. 

But for the time being. France and 
Germany, as one EU official put it, have 
agreed to "airbrush out" their differ- 
ences, which this s umm er threatened to 
blow the euro off course. 

The apparent harmony has been aided 
by an upturn in the economy and the fact 
that both France and Germany seem 
certain to meet the economic perfor- 
mance criteria necessary to join mon- 
etary union when members are selected 
in spring. There is also a general re- 
cognition among European govern- 
ments, according to EU officials, that 
not to proceed with monetary union as 
planned from the start of 1999 would be 
an unmitigated disaster for the EU. 

Mr. Jospin made it clear at the French- 
German summit meeting at Weimar. 
Germany, this month tint foe economic 
council he has in mind would in no way 
interfere with foe independent central 
bank. But what kind of procedure such a 
council would adopt and which policy 
areas it would be concerned with have 
been left vague, perhaps intentionally. 

Germany, and other countries, would 


prefer to leave economic coordination 
m the hands of foe finance ministers of 
all 15 member countries. One fear is that 
a body limited to the countries that form 
foe single currency would create a di- 
visive, two-speed Europe. 

But even the Germans concede that 
some degree of economic cooperation 
will be necessary to prevent currency 
speculation and arbitraging during a win- 
dow of uncertainty next year.. This is foe 
period between foe announcement of the 
rates at which national currencies will be 
converted into foe euro, in April or May, 
and foe formal start of monetary union. 

The prospect of monetary union 
already is generating economic con- 
sultation between governments in areas, 
such as fiscal policy, that would have 
been considered national matters until 
quite recently. That foe French-German 
confrontation could so quickly evap- 
orate is an example of bow national 
priorities get subordinated in a com- 
promise at the supranational leveL 

But for going along with die German 
insistence on the central bank's inde- 
pendence, officials say , Paris clearly will 
want something in return. Whether itis a 
counterbalancing economic .coopditiat- gross wages tp qualify, and not all era- 
ing body ■ OTv^rahcfe’S rifan an the top of - "ployccs wilF take up foe option of l 
the central bankTemamsLto be seen. "shorter week. (Bloomberg. Reuters) 


companies and not conopolsoiy, as the 
union wanted. • , 

The plan affects 550,000 worker* in 
the region of Nordwuerttemberg/Nord- 
baden and is expected to be adopted 
eventually by the entire 3.4 million- 
member engineering industry. 

The pact, which still needs the ap- 
proval of foe union’s management 
board, averted a strike in the region and 
was praised by the president of Ges- 
amtmetaU, Werner Stumpfe, as an ac- 
cord drat should be adopted by other 
regions. Labor Minister Norbert Bluem 
urged other industries to come to similar 
agreements. 

“It is a pretty good compromise and 
should have a pilot function for other 
industries,” Peter Meistar, an econo- 
mist at BHF Bank AG, said. 

German unions are struggling to find 
ways to alleviate record unemployment, 
while companies are trying to lower 
labor costs, which are among foe highest 
in foe industrialized world. The union 
hopes that by allowing older workers to 
work fewer hours, companies will take 
on more young employees, a move for 
which they would be compensated by 
the Federal Labor Office. 

For foe region concerned, the pact 
replaces a law passed in August 1996 to 
promote part-time work. Under that 
law, workers opting for a shorter woik- 
week had to receive 70 percent of their 
previous full-time salary, although 
companies were not required to lei them 
work shorter hours in the first place. 

The earlier law applied only foi five 
years, regardless of foe age of the work- 
er, whereas foe IG Metall pact coders 
staff from age 55 until they retire, 
pending company approval The new 
accord also gives older workers J5 per- 
cent of full-time pensions, instead of the 
90 percent legal minimum. 

The accord will not cost companies 
much more, analysts said. The Federal 
Labor Office wifi continue to pay 20 
percent of an older worker’s wages if 
companies take on an entry-level work- 
er instead. 

In addition, they said, workers will 
have to pay two and one-half months’ 


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Hong Kong tel. 851- 28 02 28 88 . Singapore tel U , 535 94 ^ V ‘ M!am l 305/ 375 78 M 


13 










PACE 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 




THE AMERICAS 


Investor’s America 


The Dow 


30-Year T-Bond Yield 



mnnsmsEEnm \ 


: ue 

—Ati r- • 

130 



ipn/^r : 

Iff 9 j|. Ar. 

ttr 


■“ A M 
1997 

&&&&■[ 

J J A S v 

mitex':’ ■ ... 

ThtiDar;.-'::-: 

A M T" j i 

1997 

•Mowfey 

«4PM *’-Ckm ■ ■■Ctefrge 

hwe;v: 

s&P 500 ... • 


Iwfey. 

..S&P 100 . . . 

..9&M3 . ..«3^9--- +089- 

#ivse- 

Compasfl» v ' 

498JSB ■. +0.76 

WSL 

Nasdaq OWtsmte - 1694^8 . -16^.15 ' +0.761 

*WE3C->--. 

MiMlMr. 

89*M . S8&84 . +0.70 

Tarentq 

TSE fadex 

. 7B12J50 .6071 30 . +059 

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Bowaspa- '' 

TISW^SL flStOfil +0.53 

•faudcdpity 

Batsa 

■ S0SBM . ss«>*2 - +046 

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«244» 026.08 ' -0.15 


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S48&29 5483.16 +0.04 

CetHKM 

Ceptt&l General 

ftiu- 1Q50WB - 

Source: Bkxxnberg, Reuters 

lotcnuoiteal HoaU Tntuac 

Very briefly: 


Leritech Buys Republic Security 


The Associated Press 

FORT LAUDERDALE, Florida 
— Republic Industries Inc. said 
Monday it would sell its security 
business io Ameriiech Cotp. for 
$6 1 0 million to focus on its used-car 
and waste-hauling operations. 

Chairman Wayne Huizenga said 
he had decided not to dedicate the 
time and money needed to build 
Republic Security Co. Holdings into 
an industry leader, even though it 
has been growing. 

The sale of the business, which 
mainly provides home security sys- 
tems, comes a year after Republic's 


failed attempt to buy the leader in 
the burglar alarm business, ADT 
Ltd. Republic called off the $4.3 
billion stock deal for ADT, which 
also has a growing business in used- 
car auctions, last September. 

Since Mr. Huizenga bought Re- 
public — then just a waste-hauling 
company — in 1995, he has gone on 
a buying binge to build the world's 
largest chain of new-car dealer- 
ships. 

Republic also operates AutoNa- 
tion USA used-ear superstores and 
owns the National and Alamo car- 
rental chains, among others. 


For Anted tech, the Chicago- 
based telecommunications com- 
pany, the deal increases the r mm ber 
of potential customers for its Se- 
curity Link business by 54 percent, 
to nearly 900,000. 

The Republic security business 
has 3,000 employees and posted rev- 
enue of $100 million last year. The 
business serves markets in the South- 
east, the Middle Atlantic states, the 
Rocky Mountains and the Midwest 
News of the deal pushed Republic 
shares up $1.87$ to close at 
S32.3125, while Ameritecb shares 
fell 68.75 cents to $66,125. 


Coke Sees Higher Growth 


Bloomberg News 

. ATLANTA — Coca-Cola Co. 

said Monday it expected third- 
quarter case sales or its beverages 
to rise 9 percent to 10 percent 
worldwide, led by stronger-than- 
expected growth in Europe and 
Latin America- 


percent, in line with earlier fore- 
casts. 

The resumption of strong 
growth may offset some investor 
concerns that Coke’ s revenue will 

be diluted by weak foreign cur- 
rencies, especially in Asia- The 
currency problems, which mean 
foreign revenue translates into 


The company will exceed ex- — • ... 

pectations of about 8 patent to 9 fewer U.S. dollars, will 
percent growth, and will beat the third-quarter earnings m lme 

weak 7 percent growth reported in 

the second quarter. In the mature 
North American market, case 
sales are expected to rise about 6 


expectations, analysts said. 

Coke's shares rose 75 cents to 
close in New York trading at 
$62.6875. 


Technology Stocks Help Market Rise Above Rate Anxiety 


CmiMbTOwStfFim\Di*>&bB mains extremely strong for latest 
NEW YORK — Stocks rose technology in computers and com- 
Monday on optimism that third- muni cations,” said Douglas 
quarter earnings reports for com- Raborn, president of Raboro & Co. 
puter-related companies would be in Delray Beach, Florida. 


• Suiza Foods Corp. said it would acquire the Morningstar 
Group Inc. for about $960 in stock and assumed debt to create 
the largest U.S. dairy company. 

• U.S. consumers increased spending by just 0 3 percent in 
August despite a healthy 0.6 percent gain in personal income, the 
C om merce Department reported. 

• Vanguard Group, the big U.S. mutual fund company, has 
hired Heidi Stam, 40, an official from the U.S. Securities and 
Exchange Commission. She will be in charge of securities 
regulation at Vanguard, a newly created position. 

• Post Properties Inc^ a real estate investment trust that 
specializes upscale apartments in the Southeast, filed along 
with an affiliated company with the Securities and Exchange 
Commission to sell as much as $600 million in securities. 

• BankBoston Corp. will buy Deutsche Bank AG's com- 

mercial bank operations in Argentina for $250 million. Bank- 
Boston will gain 48 branches and $2.6 billion in assets from 
Deutsche Bank Argentina SA. adding to its 43 Argentina 
branches and $5.0 billion in assets. Bloomberg, ap 


Weekend Box Office 

The Au.vitMj Press 

LOS ANGELES — “The Peacemaker” dominated the U.S. 
box office over the weekend, with a gross of $125 million. 
Following are the Top 10 moneymakers, based on Saturday’s 
ticket sales and estimated sales for Sunday. 


stronger than expected. 

The Dow Jones industrial average 
rose 69.25 points to close at 
7,991.43, with advancing issues 
outnumbering declining ones by a6- 
to 5 ratio on the New York Stock 
Exchange. Among broader market 

IIS. STOCKS 

indexes, the Standard & Poor’s 500 
gained 8.11 points to close at 
953.33. while the Nasdaq composite 
index rose 12.76 to 1.695.00. 

Technology issues led the charge, 
with Intel, the most active S&P 500 
stock, rising along with Microsoft, 
Bay Networks. Compaq. Texas In- 
struments and Dell Computer. 

“A lot of people are counting on 
technology stocks to come in with 
good earnings because demand re- 


Alcoa was the Dow's biggest 
gainer, rising alter an Oppenheimer 
& Co. metals analyst said aluminum 
prices could rise more chan 25 per- 


cent next year as builders, auto- Investors also will be watching 
makers and industrial users buy this week's economic reports, in- 
more of the metaL eluding those on consumer confi- 

Prevcnting stocks from rising fur- deuce, manufacturing orders and 
ther was uneasiness about tire di- employment for indications on the 
rectionof interest rates. Federal Re- strength of the economy and the 
serve Board officials will meet prospects for faster growth. 
Tuesday to decide whether rates “we’ve got a ton of economic 
should be raised or kept steady. news this week, and people are act- 


Currency Trading Slows Ahead of Data 


Cattfilcd by Ow Staff Free, Dispose Us 

NEW YORK — The dollar 
gained against the Deutsche mark 
but slipped against the yen Mon- 
day as traders awaited announce- 
ment of a key German interest rate 
and a closely watched report on 
Japanese economic conditions. 

Traders said they were holding 
off on buying marks out of worry 
that the ctnreacy might be vul- 


nerable if, as some analysts pre- 
dict, the Bundesbank shifts Tues- 
day from fixed repurchase rates 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE 

to variable ones. The repo rate is 
considered a signal as to the di- 
rection of other rates. Yen trading 
also was quiet, they said, ahead of 
the release Wednesday of the Bank 


of Japan's quarterly tankan survey 
of business sentiment. 

In late trading the dollar was at 
1.7620 DM, up from 1.7588 on 
Friday, and at 120.925 yen, down 
from 121.225 yen. Itrose to 5.9170 
French francs from 5.9055 francs 
and to 1.4540 Swiss francs from 
1.4505 francs. The pound rose to 
$1.6100 from $1.6092. 

(Market News, AFP) 


ing a bit skittish ahead of it,” said j 
Michael Bird, managing director of j 
equity trading at Dain Bos worth Inc. i 
in Minneapolis. j 

Shares of financial companies j 
slumped as the yield on the bench- i 
mark 30-year Treasury bond rose to { 
638 percent from 6.37 percent • 
Citicorp, First Union, and U-S. Ban- 
corp. all were lower. j 

Travelers Group slipped. Last i 
week, the insurer said it would buy j 
Salomon Inc. fox $9 billion. Sa-J 
lomoa’s securities unit lost as much > 
as $300 milli on before tax in its | 
investment banking and equities di- j 
visions in the last 12 months, ac- \ 
cording to a newspaper report j 

Aetna Inc. tumbled after the in- j 
surer warned that thud-quarter re- ! 
suits would be below expectations [ 
becauseof higher costs in its health S J 
maintenance organization business, j 
General Mills rose. The No. 2j 
U.S. cereal-maker said it would cut ( 
about 235 jobs and take a charge in j 
its second quarter. (Bloomberg, AP) j 


TrizecHahn to Acquire 
Washington Properties 


I.ThoPcacemoKer 

fOmnnlVDrfta' 

SI 2 J million 

X Soul Food 

(TwraeffiCrrAffy-ft*) 

Si 1.4 million 

X IntOut 

(RmsMiO 

SI 1 J minkm 

iThcEdqe 

iTiwrfiefli CcrtwvfiaJ 

SUbbUoa 

XTbeGame 

iPoirgrum) 

SS.1 million 

d-LA-Canfidealw 

(Warner Bros.) 

M-SmiScn 

7. Wo DavefTs WWnnater 

(LArAMliteteMOrfs) 

SX3m*on 

X The Fun Monty 

(TnaHchCertoyfoO 

SlAmfllton 

9.ATboasaod Acm 

fToudtrfonpPtetoics) 

SUralHIon 

1Q.GJ. Jaw 

(HoffyvraodPaKKOs) 

51 4 mi Item 


Bloomberg News 

TORONTO— TrizecHahn 
Corp. said Monday it had 
agreed to pay more than $5 00 
million for JBG Cos.’ Wash- 
ington-area office properties, 
including the Watergate com- 
plex, to expand its presence in 
the recovering North Amer- 
ican real estate market. 

The purchase involves 
about 4 million square feet 
(360,000 square meters) of 
office space and more than 2 
million square feet of land, 
said Greg Sullivan, chief fi- 
nancial officer of 
TrizecHahn. 


TrizecHahn, which is based 
in Toronto, is North Amer- 
ica's second-biggest real es- 
tate company based on market 
capitalization after the mall 
owner DeBartolo Realty 
Corp. TrizecHahn ’s market 
capital is about 5. 1 billion Ca- 
nadian dollars ($3.68 billion). 

In addition to the Water- 
gate complex, the properties 
include other well known 
Washington locales such as 
2000 L Street and 500 North 
Capital, and are TrizecHahn’s 
first holdings in the area. The 
buildings have an average oc- 
cupancy rate of 90 percent. 


AMEX 


Monday's 4 P.M. Close 

The 300 mast odh* stores, 

up to the doang on Wtfl Sheet 
VtBAaeodugdPnus. 


INTERNATIONAL FUTURES 


Sept. 29. 1997 

High Low u tos f Otoe Onto 

Grains 

COSH (COOT) 

5.000 to nMnum- cafe per bmM 


men MR? 
More ar- auu 

MWM OT- TBT- 

jm to otj im 

S4p9B 372 26T* 
OK 98 271 U 26 

jmtr 


267V! 
373'* 
276M 
771 Vi 
271 
2B4 


-11. 194406 

♦ II* 61471 
«U* 15J45 

♦ 111 77AM 

*7. 24136 

*2 17-M0 

-r? i2j 


EH. iota. SUMO Frtv iota 41 1 07 
Frf* opm M 3IO40L US STB 

SBYBIAN MEALtCBOTl 
100 lens- dcAon per ton 
Oet97 711 JO 30900 209 JO 
Dec 97 301.90 19900 200.10 
UnW 199 JO 197 JO 19880 
Mot 98 19600 19*50 I9SJ0 
»0|r98 19SJ0 184.10 T9SJ0 
J098 19BJ» 19630 19800 

EfL rates SOW Fth rates I8J72 
Fifs open rm 9MU *110531 


-&70 2IJ90 
150 4&4IS 
-140 1X779 
-140 11404 
-100 1X423 
4X70 02» 


High Low Latest Chgo Opbrt 

ORANGE JUKE (NCTN1 
ISflOO lbs.- cents p« to. 

Nov 97 7375 71 M3 71J0 -130 17.970 

ten 93 76J0 74.70 7*80 -130 10007 

MOT 99 7090 77 JO 77 JO -1-40 7.018 

May 98 81 JO 80.10 1010 -1J0 1,670 

Ed. icfcs NA Fill tales 4.749 
Fils open w 37.701 b« 593 

Metals 

COLDINCMX) 
lOOlroi a: oaten 67 

0(797 37830 376J0 33810 *1 JO 4.000 

No, 97 33880 -I JO 

Dec 97 33100 33830 33040 *1-40 116449 

F«09B 32360 330 49 33180 -140 1L617 

Apr9B 335 JO 332 40 33160 .140 5.725 

Jun 93 337 43 134 80 335 JO -L30 fW 34 

Aug 99 337-40 -I JO 4.70S 

Od 98 339 JO * 1 JO 350 

OK 98 14140 -110 8387 

EM. (da 50.000 Ffls sates 39.03? 

Firs esen Ini 198J06. off I860 


HI GRADE COPPER (NCMJO 
75000 &» - cento por to 


SOYBEAN OIL KBOT1 




00 97 

08» 

91 90 

08.05 

♦4.15 





Nov 07 

09 10 

9S7& 

9900 

-420 

0097 

354 

2175 

2336 

*176 


Dec 07 

90 80 

9S3 

0945 

•435 

Dk97 

390 

360 

37* 

-073 

S4S17 

Jcnra 

09 J5 

993 

0935 

• 185 

■MB 98 

2808 

383 

7198 

-03 1 

15-57* 

MSS 



WI5 

-170 

Mar 98 

7*3 

2*00 

7*1* 

-074 

8888 

.‘.ter S3 

99*0 

9580 

coco 

-X60 

Mayte 

:oo 

:*08 

7*15 

-03 

4813 

JprOS 



98 70 

.135 

J0 98 

UN 

mi: 

2825 

■017 

5711 

M« 93 

93 60 

0930 

OSAO 

*130 

Erf ratal 19JOO Fits ratal 15.009 


Jun 98 



9830 

• 120 


XM 

US3 

32.583 

1.050 

1.019 

4818 

919 

2-440 

069 


439 

622 

627 

4-8 

«usa 

LOCO Kv ar • cwi oer uur a: 



676 


-a 


3d«7 

51050 50650 50650 -2110 



675 

6381* 

-A 

njoi 

NC*97 

soajo -ax 


6J9-- 

6C“ 

616-4 

4: 

10239 

D«cO- 

51700 4C7X 5I05C -78- XI 

5685* 

6S6 

6SJ^ 

6ST* 

■*: 

10*77 

Jen 99 

51700 5C400 51700 >2130 

22 


Frfs open to 1. cfl 100476 

SOYBEANS KNOT) 

5000 Ou nunmav cm 
Ho* 97 
Jon 98 
Man 
Mat 98 
Jut 98 

Eft x*n 36000 Fm total 3L766 
F<fs open trS 16X3*4 up 2.9C8 

WHEAT tCOOTl 

5000 Hi lewaounv «k» aw tustei 

Dec *7 360 35*'7 3S9 •!». 6X8*4 

9* 171V? 368 377>. .1*. 25278 

May 98 380? 375 : 1 38C *2-« 5IU 

J098 281 374 380- -I 11JS3 

Erf fates 21000 FrTs rates 2XI« 

Rif open tat 107,098. cp 2827 


Livestock 

CATTLE (CMER) 

40000 tes.- onto Off to 
00 97 6US 68.17 68JS 

OK 97 6502 6742 4787 

FrflVS 71 J5 71LSS nus 

Apr 98 7405 7X45 73-67 

J«l08 TUI THIS 7020 

Aug 98 73 JO 7000 7000 


Est. sain 1S.-J00 Fm rales 7J17 
Fm open Bit 1325 Off 50^71 


SILVER (NCMX) 


94J3 4L01 24808 
9417 undu 59X508 
9411 uadi. 403J18 
94JO untt. 310482 
9393 -0J1 235278 
9X82 +001 210274 
9081 -O01 146.901 
9X76 *-001 117-400 
9173 .001 97-648 
9166 +4181 85449 
9X66 +005 7X506 
9X63 -081 58.904 


■OK 3L671 
■023 35596 
■037 15896 
-OJO 10.131 
OJ7 4742 
OI0 L0S0 


Eit ntet 1469 Fits fain 1 1062 
Ftf* open M *2.140 off 658 

FEEDER CATTLE (CJ4ER3 
SQ000 OB.- cate D« Rk 
0097 79 JO 78.17 7832 -045 

Nov 97 W.47 79 JO 7955 -097 

Jot 98 B16D 80 JO 80J5 -045 

Mar 98 81 25 8035 90.75 432 

Apr 98 8140 8050 1090 -0.15 

Moy98 8282 8140 8160 -CJ0 

Eft. sate* LS69 Gift s0es 10(1 

F+t? open M182S7.ua 251 


HOBS- law (CME IQ 
40000 to*. -coin per m 
0097 69.75 6920 

UK»7 «-5 AJ05 
Feb 88 6510 4X80 

Apr91 61.4S 4030 
JwW M91 6640 
£« Intel 7.099 F« *M 
Frfs open M 7U59. art 798 


Mar 91 51400 A480 51700 .2840 1X433 
May 98 510 50 49700 57050-2X40 X2M 
JullS 52470 S17C0 57*20 -7X40 2J69 

S*p 98 52790 51000 57790 -7S40 647 

EM saw C.W Frfs sates 14.S51 
Frf? open IM 8L530 up 3817 

PLATINUM (NMER) 

50 tore.- Ocllire perircv« 

00 97 4S3O0 47350 431 JO -150 5225 

Jan 93 CISC 47030 *7730 .680 7J74 

Apr 93 4I9JC 41700 419J0 .'80 738 

3m 98 4)550 .780 3 

EM ratosNA HlfUteLIH 
Frfscpcn Ini 113*0 01417 

Ocie Previous 

LONDON METALS (LME) 

Ootari per metric ’m 

AteUnme (High Gretel 

SCO) 163X00 1(3400 162600 167700 

FonwfS 1 64900 164100 163680 16361? 

Capper Canutes (Him Crate) 

Sea 714500 514600 7057^ 2058<ft 

Fcrpcrfl 21(400 316700 20S500 70700 


6962 

6542 


•QJ7 
.002 
6450 4)07 
6077 41J0 

6645 .042 
5892 


&S01 

X9S3 

X4» 

1.733 

624 

660 


9J97 

war 

4096 

1.794 

1.158 


S13 

479 

K2 


spa 

Foraa iO 

Ntotel 

W 

Penan) 

n> 

5tW 

r~ ■ 

namJij 


646C8 
650 00 


6JXU0 
652 DO 


65200 

65100 


65100 

65(00 


695800 6958.00 66*500 665580 
TZeOOO 705080 674000 675000 


s&ara sesooo 560080 5*1000 
566000 569800 56*500 565500 


Sac nptcM HM Crate) 

Sper 160401 
Pcraard 1 C*C 0 


160900 

142500 


1613 00 1*2300 
i4iaoa U1980 


ino 

1*71 

1687 

♦ 14 

«L«I 

1740 

1704 

1713 

-12 

JDS* 

1745 

1777 

1732 

.17 

IZJS3 

1771 

1746 

1751 

.IS 

1586 


1760 

1768 

• 12 

4.510 

1788 

I78S 

1785 

.1* 

6:699 


PORREEUlESKMEto 
40800 to* centi perm 
M« 6115 0288 6315 -050 

Mar 98 6410 bX20 4L20 

May 98 4170 6190 6190 -027 

Eft M 3461 FTH sales 995 
F4500MM581Xup39 


Food 

COCOA (NCIE) 

10 ntolitt ton- 8 per ton 
D ra •? 

Mm n 

Morn 
Jvito 
«P« 

Dee 98 

EM latei 4819 Fits sataA.729 
RteOMBbi raildcJTTJSl 


COFFEE COfCSB 

37J00to*- cents o*f Rt 

0*C 97 17250 16050 16075 -485 1U38 

Uo r9l 15908 I4»50 14980 -43) «1B 

May 98 15100 14580 14500 -ITS 1.972 

JM98 14673 14080 16100 -150 1805 

5*098 14080 U580 13500 -385 503 

Ed ate* 9,281 Fifsstea*0S6 

F*fi open H TIM*, up 1(0 

SUGARWORLD II (NCSEl 
115800 ft*.- cmOs per to. 

0097 1187 1083 1184 14J6I 

MDN 11J 11 a UJA eOll 91.768 

Mar 98 1170 1142 Ufl9 .002 H779 

MM 1155 1151 U53 -085 IUU 

Est ate* 2U63 Fits sates 2&IS6 
FlN open H> 16*877. od 742 


H+qn Loh aou Qipe OpM 

Financial 

US T MLLS (CMER) 

51 nUSon-phoMOapd 

Dec 97 9500 9498 9499 urdi 4913 

Mow 9*99 9*98 «490 unctv 1079 

Jun 93 94.90 .001 150 

EsListeiNA Frfs sales 562 
pfrsapen.nl 61 * 2 . up 190 

SYR TREASURY (COOT) 

SIOOOOO PA). PB 4 64UB 0 100 pd 
Ok97 107-31 107-21 107-80 0KH SUSG 
EM. sales 11200 pits sates 31685 
Ffh open latSttK all 18 » 

10 YR TREASURY (C80T3 

S1COCOO enn- ptsL J2nte ollOOpd 

Dec 97 110-10 1 10-02 1104B -02 371930 

Mar9e 109 X 109-28 109-29 - 03 11380 

jun98 109-10 -03 1 

E« SCfn 57889 FrTt ates 44057 

Frfs epon U9 392344 up 166 

US TREASURY BONDS (CBOT1 

i b pef-fioaaaofte & nmh 0100 pcfl 

Dec 97 115-27 115-11 115-30 -<U61V>99 

Morn 115-11 115-02 115.10 -06 38593 

Jun 98 114-31 114-30 ll*-3l -04 1113 

5*pW ll+n -04 1,906 

Eft imm 170800 Frfs ides 334530 
Frfs open M 676904. up 4X6 

LONG CILT flJFFE) 

151000 -pis 5 320010100 pci 
Doc 97 119-2 118-29 119-04^0-14 177.078 
EM sten 7728* Pnv mtn- 191343 
PKt. Ecai ml- 177.103 off 9.109 

GERMAN GOV. BUND OJFFE1 
□VJiCOOO - els 0 IQOocJ 
Dec 97 10288 10261 10173 -087 &QJU 
Mo-99 1C2JJ0 10187 101.96 -009 44Q 

sa bte* 9L69Q Pfte. iotas- 130376 
PfeacpeiiM- 235X8 up 1268 


Mgfi Lot Lafesf CJtge Opto 

10-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS OiATIF) 
FF5HU0Q ■ pta 0 1 00 p0 
D*e97 99 M 99/C 9988— 0.18 141 J16 

Mflr9* 99.17 9900 9886-0.18 1435 

Eft fate 6(9.100. 

Open Ini. 14*951 off I8B4 

ITALIAN GOVERNMENT BOND flJFFE) 
ITL 200 mteoa - (As 0 100 p0 
Dec 97 11130 11140 11164-075 126,184 
Mar 98 11140 11160 111J9 -068 1,180 

Eli lain 55121 Pit*, sates: *1405 A 
Pie*. open biL IZ7J64 up 2,9*3 

LIBOR 1-MONTH (CMER) 

S3 mihon- ph 0 100 pet 

0097 9436 9435 9415 Midi. 28804 

No* 97 9432 9481 9432 unefe 31646 

OK 97 9415 9*15 9415 UB0L 1735 

E*L sites HA Fits soles 4166 

Fits open M 71799, up 277 

EURODOLLARS (CMER) 

SI mUmn-ptJtrf 100 pa. 

0097 94J4 94J3 

Dec 77 9*|| 9416 

Mtete 9412 9*09 

Jun 98 9403 9199 

Sep 90 9194 7190 

Dec 90 9X83 9379 

Mar 97 9X82 7178 

Jun 99 9)77 93 73 

Sep 97 9174 9170 

D0CT» 91*7 9X63 

MoiOO 93*7 9143 

Jun CO 9X64 9160 

Es>. ales NA Frfs sales 304X53 
Frfs open M 2608775. pfl 2JC5 

BRITISH POUND (CMER] 

6X500 pound* 5 por sound 

Dec 97 1 6154 1 6030 1 4077-4X0044 28J37 

Mar 98 18100 16000 1 603*000*4 238 

Jun 98 1J946*IUXH7 27 

Eft sates NA Frfs sales 14804 

Fits open ln» 21504 off 500 

CANADIAN DOLLAR (CMER! 

100000 tefen. t Pte can- te 

Dec 77 7262 J249 7261*00009 47.202 

Mar 98 7195 .77B3 7294*00007 1889 

ten 98 7317 7310 7317-00009 429 

Est sates N A Fits sales 7.229 

Frfs open W 4X451. up 

GERMAN MARK (CMER) 

U&QQQ mortis. SPer mart, 

Dec 97 5740 sm J704 4I0007 54225 

7.V098 57*7 5732 J735 410007 2428 

Jon98 J773 5765 5765410007 2J13 

EsL iotas KA. Frfs sales 2UM1 
Frfs Open H 61166, US 236 

JAPANESE YEN (CMER! 

125 mJBcnyen. S per 100 an 

Dec 97 5325 8353*00014 71460 

Mar 78 8467 8457 84*4 *0.0014 794 

Jun 76 8577*00014 165 

EsL sate, NA. Frfs ate* 18022 

Fits even W 74431 up 1859 

SWISS FRANC (CMER) 

1 24000 Ilona, s per tee* 

Dec 97 6970 6932 6939 4)0012 37880 

Mar 98 7CQ8 7007 7008 4)0012 V430 

Jun 98 7075-00012 175 

E0 sales N JL Frfs sates 1*735 
Frfs open W 38.981. 01 752 

MEXICAN PESO (CMER) 

5X1000 pesos, s per peso 

Dec 97 17430 .12420 .12475-00*36 24J48 

MarW .12042 .12005 .12042*80389 BL398 

Jun 98 11670 .11640 .116X1*80355 1882 

EsL salei NA Frfs sdtat 1807 

Fits Mien M 35 732. up 453 

J-MOHTH STERLING OJFFE) 

£500000 -ph 0100 pa 
Dec 77 9256 9254 9256 Undl 12&170 

Mar 98 9XS2 9287 9251 -4W3 104.1713 

Jun 78 9260 9250 925S -087 91879 

tepto 9276 926V 9272 -4U3B 61429 

Dec 98 91H 9190 9191 -H.16 6X5*5 

Mar 99 9119 9111 9112 — 4L11 C1746 

Jail 99 9138 9137 9130 -010 *0717 

Eft mbs; 154065 Ptm Mu- 234499 
Pter. open lrt_ 6*8871 up 7537 


H^i Low Latest Chge Opto 

Sep 98 9551 9S.11 *5.14 — 0.10 5*934 
Dec 98 95.11 9109 95.12 -009 44B56 
Erf. rates: 80.741 Pree. laier 47.906 
Pre*. open tot; 423537 up Mil 


Industrial 

COTTON 2 (NCTN) 

50000 tes.- cento per ip. 

0097 71.10 7050 7054 and* 120 

D« 97 7115 7780 7X09 8.15 47829 

Marte 7435 7410 7430 4LI0 14900 

MO»98 7448 7480 7498 -ail 4573 

J09S 7580 7550 7440 -003 4342 

EH -Mrs NA Frfs rates 4703 
Frfs spell to 8*3*4 0f 16 

HEATING OIL (NMER) 

42.000 got ewits per g0 
0097 5130 57. X) 5822 *030 17J03 

Nte*7 59J0 58.05 5925 *038 44162 

Oee97 6000 5885 6000 *0*3 3982S 

J0198 6050 5950 6050 *048 211 49 

Fee 78 6055 9*55 £056 *-041 12537 

Mar 98 5950 5866 5950 *043 87(6 

Apr 98 58QS 5710 5800 *043 4700 

EsL sates HA Frfs S0ns 74937 
Frt* open W 154621 up 1013 

UCNT SWEET CRUOE (NMER) 

1800 bM.- tenant per ML 
Nor 97 2IJ0 2071 2126 *039 96219 

Dec 97 71 JO 3074 21.17 - 029 7*849 

Jan 98 21.10 2070 31.10 -026 19.196 

FeaOS 21 JD 2054 21JD *0 J5 18231 

Atar98 3097 2057 2097 *0.3* 11410 

Apr 98 2091 2050 20.91 *033 10002 

Erf Met NA FrfS Ufa 139227 
Frfs open W 39*051. up 11,706 

NATURAL GAS (NMER) 

1 0000 ant HVS. * Per mm Mb 
N o*97 1130 2-920 1015 -02*9 54058 

Dec 97 3200 HOT 1098 -0206 31714 

Jan 98 1170 3000 1084 -0186 29/257 

Fe098 2800 25*0 1754 0.116 198(9 

M«r9B 2520 2850 1505 -00*5 12829 

Apr 98 2230 1255 2205 -0055 7800 

Erf. rates NA Frfs i0as 168057 
Frfs OPM M 2*8286. off 8619 

UNLEADED GASOLINE (NMER) 

42200 gto cent* p*r g0 
00 97 6320 6090 6110 *IJ6 1X577 

Noe 97 60.95 5*20 6050 *0*2 38957 

(tec 9) »fiO 5850 5980 *055 15.17* 

Jon 98 5950 5550 50.50 *035 15195 

Feb 98 925 59.10 59.10 033 4583 

M»98 59JS 59.75 te.73 030 4837 

Apr 98 6380 61*0 6100 *0*0 4075 

Mor98 6165 undi 15*0 

Est S0C9 KA Frfs sales *0898 
Fits Often U 1(0.941. up 1.1S8 

GASOIL OPE) 

U8. telan pra mtertc toa - tab 0 1 00 tans 
0097 I76JD 17425 17150 *225 30*54 

17B2S 17600 1772S *100 18355 

179.73 177.75 17923 *225 14958 

181.00 17920 1*0-50 *280 1198* 

1B1 » 17950 18050 *123 7393 

I79J5 17850 17850 *150 4826 

17875 17873 17850 *125 1331 

22JXK Pnv. rates: 18977 


No* 97 
Dec 97 
Jon 98 
Feb 18 
Mar 98 
ap m 

Erf .10 

Pm. open fcO: 92N63 up U63 


BRENT OIL DPE) 

UA teban per ban« - tots 0 LOOO (wrrfi 
NOV97 19.97 19X1 19.9S *039 81939 

Dk97 19.93 1929 19.91 *031 38110 

Jaito 1923 19*8 19X2 *030 24136 

Feb90 I9J6 19 At 19 75 *017 92W 

M«r9B 1953 19.40 19A6 -0.14 *262 

Apr«9 N.T. N.T. I960 *013 2202 

Erf. rata* swoc. Pnv. S0n: 47410 
Piev. open InL: 1 51X37 Bp 4305 


3-MONTH EURO MARK (UfTO 
OMi^Han-0i0mpa 
0097 9838 9857 9858 -002 8779 

Nor 97 NT. NT. 98*8 —002 692 

0bc97 98*3 9839 98*0 -002 288.943 

Mar98 9819 9815 9816 -002 300,191 

jun 98 9495 9191 9193 -4JD 2S3LR13 

5ep98 9477 9573 9174 -003 184273 

P»c 9* 9557 9554 9555 -001 1(0034 

Alar 99 9441 9538 95JS -OQ2 161 JOB 

Junes 9525 9123 9524 -001 74999 

Sep 99 9111 9109 1911 -001 64798 

EsL sates 1146*8. Piev sates. 204156 
Piter ppenlaL U21^M up 29J96 

3-MONTH PI 80S (MATIFl 
FFSnBklt-ptsrflOapd 
Deed/ 9840 0838 9830 -OXB 37210 

Morn 9819 9813 9815 — 007 34068 

Jun 98 9196 9991 9592 - 003 24627 

sepia 9179 9524 9576 -002 22240 

Dec 98 9461 9158 9460 —003 21746 

MarW «*8 9545 75*5-010 34050 

Est rates: 31127. 

Open Int, 714*29 up 76l. 

J-MONTH EUROURA OJFFE) 

irLiDUBn-issrfiaopa 

Dec 97 9401 9190 9191 -Oil 101556 
Mar 98 9 471 0460 94*3 -O10 90615 
Jua98 9110 9100 9104 -OI0 81*ZJ 


Stock Indexes 

SPCDMF INDEX (CMER) 

£10 states 

Dec 97 9600 93025 96120 *8.10 187.253 
Mo-98 97100 961*0 971*0 *8.90 XOOE 
Jui«8 97175 undL 733 

Erf. sates NA Fits ratal 51*92 
Frfs OpW W 171,154 off 732 

FT8E IBS (UFFCl 
{35 per tadffii pelirf 

DM97 53450 53180 53040 —320 (4012 
M*to N.T N.T 5)510 -300 1.973 

EsL totes: 7-554 Pnv. sates: I4J19 
Piw opanM.- 6&res up 1125 

«£«(MAT1F) 

FF?OOp*f Index poW 

54097 29910 29530 29900 Uadi. 24923 
0d97 30020 39S9A 29985 *050 2100 
«0V 97 LOO 0.00 30040 UndL 4435 
(Men 30110 29740 20120 *100 11,91) 
Mar 98 30110 30130 30X50-100 11,105 
Erf. sate* 64)07. 

Open lnU 9X650 Dp 1,779. 


Commodity tndeocn 


Moody's 
fteotea 
D-J. Futures 
CRB 


Om 

toeuo 

l^aoo 

14487 

24X47 


PTVlIWB 

U50J0 

L883J0 

1-85-53 

74X72 


boMon 



iff 

Aid buahsPigu et 

-Our aim is to create 

THE FINEST WATCHES IN THE WORLD.* 

Jnles-lmSs rfuJanm. 
• — - Edoord-AwjuaeP&tt. 1875. 



Millenary 


tetetelinc^qctenwU.AiteJggte. *cp. f. 

nq**~*_nc* ficnmiC. Tter^ktebn ^-re 




U. S. STOCK MARKET DIARY 


Indexes 

Dew Jones 

IBS 
& 

Standard & Poors 


Most Actives 
NYSE 




um atm 

—110433 1115.94 

— 6K.14 60055 
— MSJ4 20410 

— 11159 11X15 

— 94522 95X34 

— 91362 97123 


NYSE 


Nasdaq 


all 



Trading Activity 


NYSE 


Nasdaq 


SS S5? 


teas 

AMEX 

§8385 



SBL_ 

ae 

Market Sales 




Dividends 

Co mp any 

LL&E Royalty 


Par Amt Roc Pny Company 


IRREGULAR 


_ JU39 104 10-15 


STOCK SPLIT 
QmIobHpM UM 1 shore or atotoe Hoteta 

SSSWiteSfr^ 

Sloncmm Resorts 3 for2i 

INCREASED 

Wes! Coast Bq> Q .10 10-7 1041 

REGULAR 

Q M 10-10 10-24 
CmwoqFlldCp a sn 10-10 1027 
CnaxteNsBGss 0 34 IMS 11-14 


nail ten Restaur 
FrfMufl Bncp 
Hancock Poise 
HtaphoRiln 
Monrmuiti( „ 
Mora Stan Am 
Marg Stan Am 
Mara S(an WWde 
Mora Stan WWite 
Mwn&anWWBo 
NowVoik Boncotp 
Pier 1 Imparts 
Ptftsbura*i Hoate 
SLInduSfa* 
SowtopBncp 
HbsMnaten Fed) 

W oodward Govet 


ie 

Par Aarf Rrc Ptn^ 

S J4 10-10 114^: 
9 iwo lo-ia? 
m .uni im lojrai 
9 -WIMO s 8 - 30-1 
11-17 12-15,. 
.035 9-26 9-30- 
■01 ’ 76 MOi 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 


PAGE 19 


EUROPE 


* 


Clicking a Path Around Censors 

Arab Internet Users Outfox States to Reach Banned Web Sites 


Endesa Sale Begins 
Amid Rosy Outlook 


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By Tarek Al-Issawi 

"7ftr AsuKUUtl Press 

DUBAI. United Arab Emirates 
— Badr&nows his way around the 
Internet He easily sidesteps gov- 
ernment attempts to block access 
to the pornographic sites that hove 
lured nip and other young Arabs to 
the infor mation superhighway. 

‘They close doors, but T can get 
jn through windows^' ’ said Badr, a 
20-ycarotd who scoffs at die 
struggles of conservative Arab 
governments to police cyberspace. 

Wfthvttemei popularity grow- 
ing, Go# sheikdoms are becoming 
. like Western parents trying to keep 

‘-’pornography from children. 

All the region’s Arab states ex- 
cept impoverished Yemen, which 
cannot afford an effort to police the 
* Web, are working to limit access to 
'Internes sires. 

•’ EtisafaO, the only Internet pro- 
vider to the seven states of the 
I 'United Arab Emirates, set up soft- 
ware blockades after government 
•officials complained about free ac- 
cess to (he Web. A “proxy cache 
-Server'* cuts out sites deemed of- 
fensive by Etisalat, which is partly 
*owned by the government. 

-' Khaidoon Tabbaza, publisher of 
the Jordan-based Arabia Online 
service, said some attempts at cen- 
"sorshipbad become ridiculous. 

“There is software pro gr ammed 
e to block sites which contain certain 
'keywords such as node, sex and 
■breast,’’ he said. “So if you’re in- 
-terested m getting access to in- 
1 •formation aboutMiddiesex Coaaty 
"In the United Kingdom, research 
‘ about breast cancer or a chicken 
Jireast recipe, you cannot" 


Despite the government efforts, 
many Arab youths search out ma- 
terial on the Internet virtually un- 
challenged. 

Badr, who showed off his In- 
ternet skills on the condition that 
only his first name was used, is 
evidence the system does not 
work. Clicking cut his mouse, he 
moved through a series of sites, 
and soon he was looking at por- 

They dose doors, but 
I can get in through 
windows, 1 said a 20- 
year-old who scoffs at 
government efforts to 
police cyberspace. 

nographic video images, complete 
with sound effects. 

Robert, a Lebanese who also 
insisted on using only his first 
name, thwarts an Arab taboo al- 
most as strong as that against por- 
nography. 

“I spend two to three hours on- 
line chatting with people in Israel’’ 
each week, the 24-year-old sales 
executive based in Dubai said 
“It’s very interesting for me to 
exchange thoughts and opinions 
with the people I was brought up to 
view as my enemies. We do ex- 
change some tough words when 
some sort of violence erupts in the 
region, but I think that is part of 
getting to know each other. 1 
Qatar and Oman are the only 
Gulf states with even fledgling ties 
with Israel. The other countries 
have no telecommunications or 


mail links with the Jewish state, 
but electronic mail via the Internet 
sidesteps that. 

Qatar and Oman both try to 
block access to pornographic sites, 
using such software as Cyber 
Patrol and Net Nanny. Kuwait’s 
Communications Ministry is 
working on a system to block ac- 
cess to proscribed Internet sites. 

Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia, one 
of the most conservative Muslim 
countries, has yet to officially join 
the cyberspace age. It has set up a 
committee to oversee introduction 
of the Intemer, but — with the 
wide range of Saudi taboos — few 
expect the system to enter every- 
day life in the kingdom soon. 

Still, even in Saudi Arabia, 
people find ways to track down 
saucy Internet sites. Saudis who 
can afford it make long-distance 
telephone calls to Internet net- 
works in other countries, mainly in 
the Emirates and Bahrain but also 
in Britain. 

The problems of censorship 
grow with the Internet's popular- 
ity. Etisalat has 20,000 subscribers 
and an estimated 100,000 users. 
Internet cafes have opened in 
Oman and Qatar and DubaL 

An executive at QatarTeiecom- 
munications Corp., speaking on 
condition that he not be identified, 
conceded that access to offensive 
material on the Internet could not 
be completely blocked. But he in- 
sisted it could be controlled. 

Others dismiss the issue. 

“Most of our customers come 
here for the fun of it,” said Ah 
Mohammed, a manager at a Qatar 
Internet cafe. “They are not in- 
terested in pornography.” 


Bloomberg New 

MADRID — Spain began the 
world's fifth- largest sale of state as- 
sets Monday, valued at about $7.4 
billion . as it look orders for shares of 
Endesa, the power company dial is 
using its dominant positron m Spain 
to move into Latin American power 
markets. 

Shares in the company, whose 
full name is Empresa National de 
Elec trie idad SA, closed at 3, 195 pe- 
setas ($21.54). op 10, as Spanish 
stocks closed at a record for a second 
day. The benchmark Bolsa index 
rose to 630.95 from 62935 

The government is selling as 
much as 35 percent of Spain's 
biggest company for about 1.1 tril- 
lion pesetas, unloading a ronent of 
paper on the stock market. 

The Endesa sale ranks behind the 
German government's $13 billion 
sale of Deutsche Telekom AG, Bri- 
tain's sales of British Telecommu- 
nications PLC ($9.27 billion) and 
British Gas PLC (S7.92 billion) and 


according to Securities Data Co.. 
based in New Jersey. 

Endesa's recent revamping of its 
growth and its diversification 
strategies have won approvals from 
many fund managers and analysts. 

“Despite the volume, I think the 
issue is going to go very well,” said 
Rupert Morrell, a European utility 
fund manager at Johnson Fry Asset 
Management in London, which 
already holds £4 million ($6.4 mil- 
lion) of Endesa shares and plans to 
increase that stake. 

On the first day of the two-week 
order period, individual investors 
signed up for 376 billion pesetas of 
Endesa shares, about 88 percent of 
those initially available to them. 


Cutting ties to Endesa is part of 
the government’s effort to reform 
the Spanish electricity industry in 
keeping with European Union dir- 
ectives to end regulation and to open 
utility markets to increased com- 
petition. 

The sale is Spain's largest, ex- 
ceeding die more than 900 billion 
pesetas gained from the combined 
sales of the government’s remaining 
stakes in Telefonica de Espana SA 
and the oil and gas company Repsol 
S A this year. 

Endesa earned 1 65 billion pesetas 
on sales of 3.7 trillion pesetas in 
1996, nearly double Telefonica’s 
1996 revenue of 2 trillion pesetas 
and more than Repsol 's 2.7 trillion 
pesetas in revenue last year. 

“Endesa is a quality electricity 
company which has moved more 
into distribution and has been mak- 
ing acquisitions in Latin America,” 
Mr. Monell of Johnson Fiy said. “I 
think it's a good strategy.” 

Endesa shares have risen 38 per- 


wiih gains of about 40 percent for 
Spain s leading stock indexes. 

Demand for Endesa shares is ex- 
pected to far outstrip the amount on 
sale, a tribute to efforts of man- 
agement and (he government to re- 
tool the power company to prepare it 
for competition on both the domes- 
tic and international level, fund 
managers said. 

Endesa is by far Spain’s biggest 
power company, controlling 47 per- 
cent of Spain's electricity-genera- 
tion market The company has 
grown to control 43 percent of the 
Spanish distribution markets by tak- 
ing control of the distributors Sevil- 
lana de Electricidad SA and Fecsa 
SA last year. 


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$ 2.5 Billion Sale of Germany’s Remaining Lufthansa Shares Begins 


V ComptMbyOrSmffFmDdpacIa ■ 

•FRANKFURT — Germany’s 
sale of shares in Lufthansa AG, 
which is expected to raise more than 
$3-5 billion, got under way Monday 
a$ the subscription period began for 
the sale of the state's remaining 373 
percent stake in the airline. 

.‘“Our Lufthansa is fit,” Jnergen 
Weber, Lufthansa ’s' chi cf executive 
officer, said at a news conference. 
“All the indicators, from traffic in- 


come to turnover figures, are on an 
upward path.” 

The news conference marked the 
start of a “road show” aimed at 
promoting the airline’s offering in 
financial capitals around the world. 

. The placement is for as many as 
143 million shares, comprising 130 
million shares in the basic trans- 
action and an oversubscription op- 
tion of 13 million shares. 

Based on Lufthansa's current 


share price, the offering is expected 
to raise about 43 billion Deutsche 
marks ($2.56 billion). 

Lufthansa's shares closed in 
Frankfurt at 33.90 DM, up 0.40. 

The airline has said it will offer 
new shares to individual investors at 
a discount of 1 DM a share. Luf- 
thansa expects to place two-thirds of 
the shares with Goman investors, 
said Hans Georg Hofmann, a mem- 
ber of the manag ement board of 


Dresdner Bank AG, which is lead- 
ing the share sale along with SBC 
Warburg. 

The share price for both indi- 
vidual and institutional investors is 
to be set Oct. 12, after a so-called 
book-building phase that began 
Monday and will last until Oct. 10. 

At the news conference, Mr. 
Weber also said Lufthansa’s third- 
quarter earnings were above target 
and would substantially exceed die 


company’s year-earlier results. 

He repeated his forecast that Luf- 
thansa would post record group 
pretax earnings for 1997 and said 
shareholders could expect a higher 
dividend if earnings improved. 

For the first half of 1997. Luf- 
thansa's net income almost doubled, 
to 157 million DM. For 1996, 
Lufthansa paid a dividend of 030 
DM a share. (Reuters, Bloomberg) 


•British Petroleum PLC signed an agreement with 
Granada Group PLC to supply more than £1 billion ($1.6 
billion) in gasoline to its highway service areas in Britain over 
a 10-year period. 

• Volkswagen AG plans to rebuild a passenger-car plant near 
Sarajevo that was destroyed in the Bosnian conflict; plans call 
for the factory to assemble as many as 40,000 Skoda Felicia 
compact cars annually by 2000. 

• Carrefour S A, France’s largest publicly traded retailer, said 
Guyenne & Gascogne SA's Mammouth stores would now 
buy from its central purchasing group and cany the name 
Carrefour, abandoning Auchan SA, a Carrefour rival. 

• Midland Bank PLC, the British retail-banking unit of 
HSBC Holdings PLC, was fined £150,000 by Britain's 
Investment Management Regulatory Organization over ir- 
regularities in its pensions-transfer business between May 
1990 and September 1992. 

• Borders Group Inc. signed an agreement to ptochase 
Books Etc., a London-based independent book chain that 
operates 22 stores in the United Kingdom; terms were not 
disclosed. 

• Asahi Breweries Ltd. plans to sell its Super Dry brand, 
Japan's most popular beer, in Germany as put of a plan to 
eapand overseas sales. 

• Switzerland named Markus Rauh, a corporate turnaround 
specialist who heads the optical group Leica International 
AG, to be the first chairman of the board of the telecom- 
munications group Swisscom AG. 

• Bayerische Vereinsbank AG along with other Bavarian 
investors are p lanning to take over the troubled electronics 
firm Gnu) dig AG, the magazine Der Spiegel reported. 

AP, Bloomberg, AFP. Reuters 


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GcMno 1SL® 

Md Banking 1630 

MW Inti Ship F 62S 

PetronosGat 965 

Proton 9 

PuWcBk 3M 

Ranng 111 

RmwIvWorid 720 

MhmanPM 2625 

SkuDat* 6.65 

TaMmnJVbri 960 

Ts tmg 820 

London 

AhhwNtM 960 

AUert Donna) 4JS 

Aaghm Water 826 

Aim - 6.95 

Ana Croup 166 

AsncBrFaadt 5L4B 

BAA 522 

BaKtan 1620 

Ban • 82* 

BATlnd 525 

BankScofend SM 

Btoeanh 4M 

BOC Group 1125 

!«A 8JI 

BPBInd • 142 

BiflAansp 1662 

BiOAImays 695 

BG 2 M 

BittLnnd 669 

0(0 Psfins 920 

BStofl 422 

BlttSM U8 

BrttTrtecom 420 

BTR 157 

BurnnhCBsM 10-95 

oStelMRlan 539 

Cei&ujy 5dw 5J2 

CarOon Canai 507 

Carooii Union >23 

CanpossGp 472 

Coriotfdt 353 

Dteoas 642 

Badncomponantt 440 

HWCIWP 6« 

Foro^tonM S 

GgrtAcddMrt 11.10 

GEC 193 

GKN 1461 

GtatoVMknme 1327 

GnnadaGp BJB 

Grand MW 590 

G«E 119 

GroanafcGp 196 

Gtfnua 579 

GUS 625 

Mm 697 

roBCHMp 2BJ0 

K3 . 1022 

lnpi Tobacco 323 

S3& HI 

Land See 922 

■ — - t 181 . 

UgolGenlGro 695 

LioydtTSBGp 827 

Loom Verity 265 

Mala Spencer 626 

MtEK 525 

MwcwyAtid 1123 

tWtonalGrid 2J2 

NOI Power 567 

MM 967 

Nad 7J4 

MnrtdilMon 117 

□RTOQfl 225 

ESran 

ZSL. i 

W5T- S 

RnVnckGp ' 9.V6 

Rank Group in 

Racks Coin 9J5 

Redkaid 222 

Read Wl ^ «« 

RenkHttalU 2 £ 

g 

WU 1 

a 

SatesbWV 

Scbwdo n _ 1« 

ScotNewanfle 7.15 

SasiPoww 373 

§ 

Sete 11® 

SrthMaplww 121 

SmHM3ne 4 

SadOulBd 924 

sum Elec 671 

Sto o » rn peh 6J5 

sstiT a 

T^es Water |K 

3) Group SJP 

K SB ,S 

unflmr is® 

UMAssunet flO 

IWNcws 727 


1060 10.10 1020 10.10 
1630 15J0 1620 1620 


6X5 

6X5 

6X0 

9X5 

VJ5 

960 

8X0 

9 

880 

2J0 

280 

223 

3.14 

118 

3X0 

/ 

; 

7.10 

26 

26 

26 

6X5 

AM 

660 

»6i 

960 

9J5 

Oi 

mu 

875 

10.10 

10.10 

10.10 

3X8 

402 

A 


FT-4EW8: 522020 

PlWtOIW! 522630 

925 927 964 

477 4J3 4J2 

8.15 619 8.16 

683 687 687 

157 162 165 

538 529 566 

5J2 5J0 522 

1663 1660 1663 
£30 133 134 

523 531 522 

£15 530 

193 197 421 

11.16 11.19 1123 
872 173 887 
138 141 140 

1118 1668 1131 

677 691 683 

ZJ5 247 263 

638 663 648 

968 9J6 965 

462 466 471 

lJl 124 127 

612 613 621 

261 152 2.45 

1023 1027 1029 
134. 13S 138 

533 536 549 

573 579 5J5 

5 -506 S.SS 
72S 8.16 725 

662 660 665 

362 364 150 

634 625 635 

657 657 458 

610 615 609 

665 654 668 

666 681 663 

178 179 179 

1020 10.94 1048 
1B4 185 IM 

3&SS 1466 1610 
1158 1147 1160 
871 825 828 

522 525 523 

328 118 111 

190 ISO 193 
566 573 572 

673 685 677 

627- 697 629 

2064 2020 2024- 
9J* 1007 1007 
168 368 374 

825 865 862 

245 275 268 
963 969 972 

271 172 276- 

678 685 4.91 

BJ06 8,18 119 

-260 144 134 

610 621 623 

5.W 522 515 

1325 1123 1115 
276 276 223 

554 565 557 

9JJI 930 9.40 

739 733 J*2 

129 134 137 

2.39 272 236 

662 662 685 

7J4 7.91 7J2 

1J1 1J3 IJ4 

766 771 772 

532 5U 533 
686 692 666 
IBS 188 9.11 

a® 172 348 

9J0 154 978 

258 277 272 

5.02 505 . '537 

2JB 260 266 
7J5 7.11 7.10 

360 367 360 

972 974 W 

966 971 9J8 

239 265 260 

7 7 • 7J» 

577 591 574 

198 606 194 

A S3 4J8 661 

7970 79>g 1965 
7J5 7J5 771 

451 671 658 

249 269 270 

9.01 970 937 

467 4J5 656 

1220 1275 1277 
1J9 1.90 170 

5J2 595 585 
9JI1 977 9J1 

664 665 464 

67$ 6J5 676 

BJD U8 8J4 
635 478 637 

672-471 681 

862 174 B58 
518 519 522 

462 675 664 

142 365 362 

17J1 1774 1775 
695 510 472 

770 774 7 JO 


Acerinox 

ACE5A 

Agwa Barceton 
Ai peutorio 
BBV _ 

BffllESto 

RanSdotof 

Bco Centro Hisp 

BaPnwIar 

Bco Santander 

CEPSA 

CaWnente 

CBroMapira 

Enaua 

FECSA . 

GaNatund 

Ibenbuia 

Pnrai 

Rnul 

SeSnEiK 
Tn b oadcM 
Tetefanicn 
Union Fmasa 
VMaacCenwiit 


Manila 


fTnau » 

Awta Land 

ttPWpW 

C84>Ha*M 

MaaRaElecA 

Metro Bank 

Pet ro rt 

peso* 

mi Lang DM 

SmMgSalB 

SM Prim Hdg 


D « b * tedao <38 7 5 
Pierian: 62975 

27510 27700 27320 
1935 19S 1965 
6000 6050 6060 

8750 am mo 

4475 . 4500 4500 

1510 1520 1530 

8500 Ban 

6170 6180 6220 
9510 9600 9490 

4720 4800 4745 
4750 4830 4810 

3145 3210 2158 
8340 8350 8400 

3185 3195 3185 
1215 1245 1270 

7520 7700 775C 

1800 1825 1800 

2735 1770 2725 

6420 6450 648® 

1405 143! 1410 

10420 10450 10520 
.Si® 4660 4675 

1275 1285 1285 

2905 2960 2960 


Accor 

AGF 

Air Unite 
Alcatel Atath 
AW-UAP 
Bolen Ire 
BIC 
BNP 

Canal Ptui 

Conefaar 

Carina 

CCF 

Catalan 

Christian Dior 

CLF-Dada Fm 

OntaAoriate 

Danone • 

EV-Aqritaine 

ErtdaniaBS 


1375 U 
16J0 16® 
101 104 

150 165 

75 75 

315 32150 
630 640 

143 143 

935 925 

57JB 5153 
670 630 


GeaEaux 

Haras 

knaM 

LcdfHW 

iSSf 

LVMH 
MidHlkB 
PoribosA 
Pernod Rtcord 
Peugeot Clt 

nvutaMri 

Promotes 

Rwwutf 

Rnrt 

Rh-PouleacA 

Sanoii 

Schnetter 

SEB 

SGSTbonsea 

steGawnte 

Tnilnitia 

aaoamo 

SSGabatl 

SuezLMMEow 


1MB 1061 
239 23530 
950 940 

776 752 

39970 39110 
748 738 

449 43630 
291-a 294 

1B2B 1010 
3625 3555 
stool step. 
34351 3K30 
OS 668 
828 817 

562 552 

1305 1305 

Hi 189 


900 B7Z 
875 L15 

645 670 

702 696 

407.10 40070 
753 755 

440 434 

1255 1232 
2341 2293 

1295 1257 
334 32570 
44090 new 
29L90 20610 
770 755 

2m 2723 
2328 2264 

176 17110 
1695 1670 
241 23670 
548 53? 

369 JO 361 


MOT 1090 

239 24270 

947 956 

773 766 

39670 39690 
748 779 

443 442J0 
29870 29090 
1019 1025 
3625 3551 
MML 33110 
341.10 341 

573 685 

817 825 

561 562 

1305 1305 
910 906 

796 799 

880 872 

875 JOB 

675 648 

788 788 

«5 40680 
757 759 

437-50 441 

IS! 

2336 2330 

1286 1260 
331* 33053 
440 439 JO 
291 JO 2W40 
«1 777 

275S! 2783 

2320 2320 
175731 17630 
1693 1685 

240 239 JO 

545 542 

36370 37030 


Aster A 
- AtinsCopaiA 
Autoliv 
Secfrofa* B 
Ericsson B 
Henries B 
tocenfve A 
Inwskr B 
MoOoB 
Norribonkm 

sar” 

ScnniaB 

SCAB 

S-EBankanA 

StamSaFon 

SkaosUB 

5XFB 

SpofbankenA 
pen A 
Sv Handels A 
VoKdB 


Higb 

Lew 

dOM 

Pi«k. 

M3 

137 JO 

139 

142 

265 

254 

. 245 

255 

328 

318 

'322 3Z7JD 

577 

565 

575 

567 

367 361 JO 362J0 

365 

334 

328 33050 

330 

750 

734 

735 

749 

413 40450 40450 407 JO 

283 278JD 

283 

2» 

260 

257 

260 

260 

274J0 

272 

772J0 27450 

263 

2» 

261 

262 

235 

231 

231 JO 

2% 

196 

191 

194 

m 

92J0 

91 

91 JO 

91 JO 


337 JO 33650 337 JO 33650 
337 335 32B5D 329 JO 

224 21750 221.50 22150 
185 182JD 18350 185 

133 129 129 JO 132 

26150 252 MU0 2S9 

21650 211 21650 211 


Mexico M* 


Ate A _ 
BaucdB 
CamexCPO 
CHroC 

I*-.-,,, JUUbateaWS 

dnpMumiMu 
GpoQnoAl 
Gpa F P fMwr 
Gao BnJnbuati 
KU Onrti Max 
TetarinCPO 
TelMraL 


7190 7180 7300 
2375 2175 2190 
39 JO 40J8 JUS 
1670 1678 16@a 
<7.90 <2.90 43JS 
6170 6150 njg 

3600 3610 3620 
39J5 40JO 0.10 
141SD 14260 145JB 
1962 19JB 19 JO 


Ml— M ptWUJI 
nariora: 1405968 


AOeana Asaic 

BcoCDmnU 

BcoRdmnn 

GcadtRsan 

Benetton 

CredltortotonD 


TIM 


Montreal 

Ota IMA 
CTRnlSvc 
Gaz Metro 
Gt-WatUhaa 


16790 16530 
5040 4830 

7890 7240 
1723 
28750 
4360 
921 a 
10670 

6205 

39800 38800 
19170 18520 
2730 7700 

5940 5710 

9080 8900 

13890 13340 
120# 1258 

939 916 

2945 2875 

5140 5020 

15360 

24930 

13950 13300 

"tR ^ 


16650 16705 
4860 5000 

7290 8100 

1717 1786 

28750 29100 
4400 4415 
9260 9485 

10790 10980 
6230 6420 

39050 4 
1M1 1 
2720 


557 546 551 5S9 

858 834 854 B45 

2899 2802 2830 2B14 

OTt 906 910 918 

657 642 656 641 

712 702 707 712 

193L9B 191.10 19350 ifljjo 

688 674 674 679 

m 116.10 19JD 118.10 

395 37920 393 380 


sao Paulo — «!SEUSS 

BrotesonPId 1129 HAS 1125 11 M 
‘ - — 830L0O 815J0 83000 8HJ0 

99 JO 58.480 5950 5820 

8730 8630 8738 5730 

1699 1699 16.99 1790 

57000 566J0 J67J0 S47JOO 

Pfd 69000 665.00 68009 67017) 

-- ■" “ "«<■ "" 

rtw 371' 0 
Pa 30500 301X0 30400 30509 

194X0 192X0 192X0 19200 

42X0 41 JO 42SS 42X0 

1040 1040 1040 1040 

139X0 137 JO 139.00 13820 

163JD 16109 16199 16199 

14800 14SX0 147X0 14760 

325X0 321X0 325X0 321X0 

37X0 37X0 37X0 3860 

1198 1190 1192 1192 

26X5 2660 2660 2695 


Sydney 

Amcor 

ANZBking 

BHP 

Borai 

Bromides IhL 
CBA 

CC AmotO 
C MeaMy er 
Ce m oloo 
CSR 

Fosters Brow 
Goodman Rd 
la AtntraBa 
Land Laos* 
MIMKdra 
NotAostBonk 

MatMTOuWHdg 
Neva Cap 
PBdScDuriop 
Pioneer 1 tel 
Pub Broadcast 
RtoTlnta 
St George Bonk 
WMC 

WcstpacBUng 

VSwa&htaW 

Woohrorths 


AlOnfiaatek 277460 
PnriOOK 277568 

I 861 866 164 

I 1124 1124 1145 
16.14 1620 16X5 

4.1 0 4J8 4.15 

I 29.10 2925 29 JO 
I 17X5 17.11 17X7 
1 15 15.10 1526 

• 667 662 661 

i 655 660 669 

I SL57 568 5.7S 

2X9 292 2J8 

2.16 222 2.14 

12J7 13 13 

i 3267 3390 3265 
166 166 164 

i 21 JO 21 J5 22J6 
223 225 223 

7X9 7J5 7.11 

352 399 3.83 

4J2 473 424 

9.10 9.15 9.14 

2065 2077 2043 

BJ9 890 6VB 
661 666 642 

859 868 8.74 

1269 1290 1265 
448 456 456 


The Trib Index 

Pikas as at 3M) PM New Yu* torn. 

Jan l. ta&.lM 


Change 

% change 

year to <He 



%cbenga 

Wbitdlndn 

17838 

-tO.92 

+0.52 

+1901 

Regional Indroaas 





Asa/Pacfflc 

120.75 

+0.21 

+0.17 

-2.17 

Europe 

195.84 

-0.09 

-0.05 

+2106 

N. America 

209.83 

+2^9 

+1.40 

+29.60 

3. America 

InrtUatrtailniSBxn 

169^9 

+1.02 

+0.61 

+4734 

Capital goods 

225.67 

+2J15 

+1.28 

+32.03 

Consumer goods 

196.39 

+1.52 

+0.78 

+2106 

Energy 

209.51 

+1.40 

+0.67 

+22.73 

Finance 

133.35 

+0.14 

+0.11 

+1400 

MsceBaneous 

189.76 

+1.49 

+0.79 

+1700 

Raw Materials 

18&55 

-0-30 

-0.16 

+607 

Santee 

167.11 

+0.04 

+002 

+2109 

utmes 

171^9 

+0-31 

+0.18 

+1902 

ThatotsmaOamlHerMTnbuna Wuid Sack Max O tracks Bio U.S.doBar values d f 
280 limmationaBy investa&a stocks trim 25 countries. Formoraintaimmian. atree [■ 
boohm a avBiaMe by writing to 77w Trib (ndax. 1B1 Awntie Ctmkss de QmAo, r 

[ aeSStt NmuOyCmdtx, Franca. 


CampDmd by Blootnbaro Now*. J 


High Law Close Pro*. 

1490 1450 14V 1470 

1930 1840 1930 1B70 

527 512 510 529 

11200 10900 10900 11200 


Newbridge Net 8495 BUS Blit 14X5 
NorandOBK 27.10 2620 27X5 2661b 


Ndkbi Energy 
NtwroTakami 


35 34H 3420 3418. 

144*4 142 14440 142J0. 




Market Closed 

The Taipei stock market 
was closed Monday for a hol- 
iday. 



Nippon Steel 
Noun Motor 
NKK 

NaronroSac 

NTT 

NTT Dote 

OJPtW 

Rolen 

SoknroBk 

Sankfo 

ei? 

Sacan 

Sakhu! House 
Seven- Eleetn 

Mimp 

Shiuriu El Pwr 

SDiroizti 

SSwHrtBnOi 

smmMo 

StdmokaBk 

Sodbank 


731 

711 

718 

734 

Nora 

11JD 

11X0 

11X0 

11X&- 

500 

490 

499 

500 

Oner 

36X5 

36.15 

36X5 

36X0, 

267 

255 

267 

260 

PorataPritoi 

25ft 

24X5 

2495 

2490. 

725 

703 

730 

715 

Pehn Cdn 

25 

24ft 

2490 

24X8. 


164 

166 

171 

PtaasrDome 

25ft 

2455 

25X0 

24X0 

1580 

1530 

IS® 

1580 

PocoPemi 

7X60 

1X« 

13ft 

73ft 


1110b 1080b 1100b 1110b Patoril Sask 

5450b 5320b 5440b 5410b RenabsroX£ 

552 537 550 551 RtaAJgaro 

2» 273 279 277 Rogers CantelB 

1810 1770 1S» lgeo Snogram Co 

13900 13900 13900 14100 StaflCctaA 

618 587 590 618 Sonar 

4240 4100 4180 4230 TafismonEny 

ma 1460 1500 1530 T«*B 

400 370 375 383 TetogtoOe 

8150 8000 8150 7770 Telus 

■«20 *790 4JW 4840 Thmsan 

910 B9B 906 B99 TwDomBank 

H30 mo n» T120 TratwoBo 

9110 8900 9080 9110 TransCda Pipe 

1130 1110 1130 1130 Trimark Fid 

1950 1910 191® 1950 Trine Hahn 

545 537 545 551 TVXGotd 

3330 3220 3330 3250 Westerns! Eny 

1920 I860 1890 1910 Weston 

1250 1230 1240 1270 

.<®S0 4600 -M38 4860 

11300 11000 11200 11300 


104 107 Write' 

34 34W MAS 

29te Sffl 2960. 

2420 2420 
4RJ0 49X0 
23X) 2360 2360 
4760 48l35 fTfi 
4514 46JQ5 4595 
2514 2M4 25X5 

49W 4965 4914 

2855 2B.9S 

34 34X0 MU 
47 47X5 47.10 
18.10 18X0 18X8 
2665 2655 265* 
7914 ID 7994. 
3414 34X5 3465. 
760 714 7W 

2&55 2BJ0 28JB 


U 

CVRD PM 


Tokyo 

AfaOMto 
Ai Nippon 4 


5055 
15400 1 
25000 2 
13480 1 
11600 11840 
6935 7075 


Seoul rn aga tj ta ted ar 4 25.8 7 

nWWCHJXl 

79800 76000 77000 78500 

Heavy 7110 6620 7040 7110 

EflO- 191 SO 17100 17500 17900 

WIG 5440 5*40 6430 

20000 19600 19900 19600 
4780 4500 4703 6490 

36000 30000 30800 3990(1 

ton SI 54600 53200 54200 W P 

BDMot 4350® 41800 43500 43000 

bEIk 65600 640GC S5W mm 

7180 6720 7120 6800 

433000 415000 416000 441500 




AKMdxen 
AtaMGtaK 
Bk Tokyo Mini 
Bk Yokohama 
Bridgestone 
Canon 
ChubuElec 
Cbugaku Etac 
Do^iiwPriTO 

Dat-ldilKbag 
DafwaBaik 
DakraHaae 
Mum Sec 
DDI 
Da mo 

Bent JomnRy 


Investors Grp 
LoHnwCbs I 
NaOBkCoMd 

SSSSm 

OwbearB 




DannoafceBfc 
Ettod H 
HatatawiAte 
Kra mer tea 
Mask rarad 

iSsS 

PaRroGacfircl 


TnrcrooaanOft 
Storebrand Ata 


rtatatadwcXSMM 

P iertwn .W8f . 7 1 

** 

L55 3165 3870 
4Vi 47 4660 
1X5 ISM 1814 
JO 32X 33 

.90 41.M 41X5 
» 44J0 4414 

22 22 22 
X5 19.10 19.10 
JO 4160 4070 
.10 40.10 40X0 
JO 25X0 2560 
XS 8X5 0X5 

714 68 6714 


OBXtarttKTMJB 

P wriaa si 7t8.lt 

130 132J0 . 131 
215 216 218 

(60 2460 24X0 
J.I0 30X0 30 

UD 124 12&5D 
44 44 4250 

LS0 41450 415 

L58 42050 42050 
257 265 258 

161 16U0 M2 
595 500 500 

463 470 461 

IK Ml 151M 
150 124 124J0 

340 380 360 

52 52 52 


Singapore 

If* 

tec-1 

-=~ [i 

kg^ F 

--lntJ3. donas. 


Strotte Timas: I934JS 
PwriNB 1922X5 
5X0 SXO 5X0 
520 5X5 5X0 

9X5 9 JO 9J5 

9.10 9.15 9X0 

092 0l»4 0X4 

1460 14X0 14JQ 
368 368 348 

860 860 840 

3X0 134 3X2 

52 If 51 

ill 

9JS tit & 
665 665 665 

S* 60S 6 

11X0 11X0 12 

20J0 OTJ0 20X0 

i i 

1X1 TXT 1X5 
1060 1090 1050 
3X0 3.12 3.10 


^nlBk 

tonte Motor 

BJ 

IHI 

Itociia 

(to-Yokodo 



LTCB 

Manbanl 

Moral 

Mate) Cam 

MetauBeeted 

Mam Bee Wk 

Mtatibfadii 

Mttwbfc&jCb 

HteMwEI 

MHsaUd4Est 


Stockholm 

AGAB 

ABBA 

AssiDoam 


121 119 12050 12060 
110 1 07 JO 100 ft? 
257 251 257 25SJ0 


Mitsubishi Tr 
MBsri^ ^ 

MDsuiFudoan 
MBsaf Trial 
MuratoMtg 


HMWi 27?- 17987X1 
Prarione 17998X1 

1020 1060 1030 
677 686 688 

34D0 3460 3520 

695 744 

406 


1111 1 


2310 2300 
477 482 

mo 2950 
358# 3540 

2ES> 2030 
1930 1950 

2500 2570 

680 690 

1380 1380 

539 549 

im 1210 

720 705 

ooooa sues 

2910 2810 

5590a 5490a 
2160 2180 
4540 4000 

1310 1380 

5030 5070 

15J0 1530 

TO® 1180 
1050 1030 

4260 4280 

'470 

296 
407 392 

6260 6240 

443 450 

9250a ,9250a 
3810 2840 
544 540 

2130 2130 

1740 1740 
424 418 

230 230 

672 675 

990 900 

— 150 

701 
450 445 

7740 7700 

2010 2040 

555 565 

398 384 

1940 1950 

3890 3950 
2150 2120 
1220 1230 

1220 1140 
276 265 

473 482 

1750 1730 
661 661 
627 
1900 1830 
Ml 937 
1500 1540 
591 
3130 5110 


SanltemBk 
Sunt Onto 
S umitomo Elec 1730 

SwnBMeU 249 

5umit Trust 1200 

TaWnPhana 3130 

TakodoQwat 3550 

TDK 10900 

Tofaoku El Pwr 1950 

Total Bank — 

TcWo Marine 
TokjmElPwr 2300 

Tokyo Etodron 7300 

Tokyo Gas 284 

TotyuCorp. 575 

Timm iwa 

Tappan Print TOO 

HSS - S 

Tostem 1900 

TbyaTitMl 952 

Toyota Motor 3650 

HbdooimcM 2900 

ccxItttbrxhOOO 


1050 1830 
434 435 
172 1720 
243 249 
1200 117B 
313® 3130 
3530 35S-B 


1440 1430 

ma 2sc« 

7250 7370 

254 282 

564 572 

1090 1040 

1430 1630 

720 727 

633 ~617 
1880 1890 

925 950 

36® 3640 
2900 2890 


Vienna ‘KXCEJSiS 

BoehfcMJ Odell 1036 1028103150 1030 
Croritefflt Ptd 645 622 64IJD 626X0 

EA-Gerverrii 3339 3300 3315 3331 

EVN 1500 1474148160 1478 

FhMtKrtanWIafl 513 509 51U0 512JO 

DMV 183190 1803 1824 1828 

oast BokMz 877 873JD 87)480 877X0 

V A SloW 600 S92J0 59550 S97JQ 

V A Tack 2678 2651 JO 2670 3480 

WtaaartmaBou 2582 2564 2582 2582 


■ r ■ ra v' 



Toronto 

AMMCens. 
AJbarto 
AtemA 

Bk Kora Scoria 
BoffldtGold 
BCE 
BCToteamia 
BtadMoPtwim 
BatnbanBerB 
Canwcn 
CISC 




EmNevMnoi 


Fletcher Otari A 
Fra nco Retcdo 


SI 

jsa^i 

stsra 


TSElKtestrlob: 7888X1 
Pnefcm: 4975J8 

2180 W.M is ac 2180 
3145 3115 33^9 31X5 
47 Mik 47 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


oistralia Beckons 
6 Small Investors 

tyberra Touts Telstra Issue 


~^^t v C^SKfFmRMti)ackai 

DNEY — Australia's largest 
.osi popular sock issue moved 

ts final stages Monday as the 

nment announced measures 
1 at making shares in Telstra 
attractive to millions of small 
arc. 

iberra hopes the sale of its one- 
stake in the telecommunica- 
it will fetch 14.2 billion 
dollars ($10.27 billion), 
comparison, Rome's planned 
af its remaining stake in Tele- 
Italia SpA in October is hoped 
ing in more than $17 billion, 
he Telstra shares are expected to 
ffered to Australian investors at 
ice of 2.80 dollars to 3 JO dol- 
. the government said. 

►omestic investors have been 
ranteed at least 70 percent of the 
n-, with a price cap of 3.30 dollars 
sven if demand poshes the price 
wr — for notunstimtioiiai in- 
ters who agree to hold on to their 
'res for at least 12 months, 
rhe final price will be set by 
titutional demand during the of- 
period and is ejected to be 
jounced Nov. 16. The retail offer 
jet for Oct. 1 5 to Nov. 3, while the 
stitutional offer is to run from Ocl 
1 to Nov. 14. 

Launching the float in Mel- 
oume, Finance Minister John Fa- 
ey said Telstra was expected to 
ink in market capitalization along- 
ide Australia's largest companies 
vhen it was formally listed on Nov. 
*7. The shares are to trade in Aus- 
tralia and New York. 

Mr. Fahey said the measures were 
intended to encourage private Aus- 
tralian citizens to participate in Tel- 
stra's future as shareholders. 

Millions of Australian investors 
have already reserved options to buy 
the shares, a phenomenon Mr. Fa- 
hey described as "a magnificent in- 
duration of the interest ' ' in Telstra’s 
share offer. 

“It is testament to the desire of 
the so-called mums-and-dads in- 
vestors. ordinary, everyday Aus- 
tralians. to assess Telstra on its mer- 
its,” he said. 

Telstra's chief executive, Frank 
Blount, said he hoped the com- 
pany's employees would buy shares 
because that might encourage diem 
to work harder toward making it 
more profitable. 


“There is no doubt that the dis- 
ciplines of being a publicly listed 
company, owned by and responsible 
to a broad cross-section of share- 
holders. will help drive Telstra to 
deliver ever-better service, products 
and performance for all of our stake- 
holders,” he said. 

A letter to prospective sharehold- 
ers from Mr. Fahey reiterated that 
Telstra would remain majority Aus- 
tralian-owned, with overseas invest- 
ment capped at 1 1 .67 percent. 

Telstra has forecast that its net 
profit will rise to 2.8 billion dollars 
for the year ending June 30, 1998. 
compared with 1.62 billion dollars 
last year. 

(AFP. Reuters. Bloomberg) 

■ Foreigners May Lose Out 

"• Global investors hungry for 
shares in Telstra may be left with 
just the crumbs from one of the 
world's biggest privatizations this 
year, Reuters reported. 

Foreign institutions are likely to 
be elbowed aside in the rush for the 
30 percent of shares that are not 
reserved for domestic buyers, a 
source close to die issue said. 

“If the Australian institutions bid 
aggressively, there is no guarantee 
that they will get 30 percent,’' the 
source said, referring to foreign in- 
vestors. 

The brokerage firms marketing 
the global offer of Telstra shares are 
planning a major “road show'' to 
promote the offering in the world’s 
major financial centers. 


Big 3 Fault Seoul Over Sales 


Bloomberg News 

SEOUL — American 
automakers are finding 
that South Korean trade 
barriers stand up a lot bet- 
ter than their own crash- 
test dummies. 

From offering deep dis- 
counts to lodging diplo- 
matic protests, Ford Mo- 
tor Co., General Motors 
Corp. and Chrysler Corp. 
have been colliding head- 
on with South Korean 
automakers loathe to share 
their $16 J billion market. 

Worse, the Americans 
contend that Seoul has be- 
trayed its 1 995 initiative to 
encourage foreign invest- 
ment and actually harasses 

buyers of overseas cars. 

“Sales are 50 percent of what they should be,” 
said James Tessada, president of Ford Co. of Korea, 
who pointed to a smorgasbord of import tariffs that 
keep customers from his dealers. “Every time we 
turn around, the Korean government always has 
something new.” 

With the impending bankruptcy of Kin Motors 


South Korea, which rep- 

15,000 Strike at Kia Motors «K ffc-SSS 


.Motors Co.', 

Motors Co. and their af- 
filiates, suggested that 
the Americans were 
kicking its members 
while they were down. 

“It is outrageous that 
the U.S. talks about sanc- 
tions when the Korean 
auto industry struggles to 
survive,” said Huh Wan, 
the group's general man- 
ager. “We have no dis- 
crimination against im- 
ported cars.” 

Imports, however, do 
face a daunting array of 
taxes that create a sig- 
nificant price differential 
I with domestic cars. That may explain why 
South Korea imported 25,248 cars last year while 
exporting 1-2 million. In addition- to an 8 percent 
tariff, Seoul levies higher taxes on cars with bigger 
engines that strikes at the typically large U.S. models. 
Comparing the Ford Moudeo with the Hyundai Son- 
ata is an instructive example. In America, the Ford 


Agcncc Francc-Prax 

SEOUL — Kia Motors Corp. workers went cm 
strike Monday as creditor banks presented an ul- 
timatum for the company and an affiliate. Asia 
Motors Co., to seek court receivership. 

Creditors stepped up pressure on the nearly bank- 
rupt Kia Group to file for receivership by next Mon- 
day, declaring an end to a rwo-month grace period for 
loan repayments. The ultimatum coincided with the 
start of i two-day strike by about 15,000 Kia Motors 
workers to fight the demand for receivership. 

Kia’s troubles hurt the Seoul stock maifcet, which 
closed 4.35 points lower at 625.07. Kia Motors fell 470 
won (52 U.S. cents), or 8 percent to close at 5,440. 

The governing New Korea Party called on Kia, its 
creditors and the government to “take a step back 
and compromise to avoid an economic crisis. ' 


Corp., the U.S. Big Three may sense an opportunity costs $73 more. In Britain, the price gap is $240. In 

1 mem to 1 j South Korea, it is $2,600. 


to overcome the hurdles that have limited 
percent of the South Korean market. But at the same 
time, the current hard times for South Korea's econ- 
omy could spur a renewal of protectionism designed 
to keep the world’s fifth- largest auto industry com- 
fortably on the road. 

Seoul officials recoiled at allegations of unfair 
trade practices made last week by the American 
Automobile Manufacturers Association, which de- 
manded a formal congressional inquiry. The action 
could lead to U.S. trade sanctions. 

* ‘They are not in a position to point their fingers at 
us,” said Chu Young Joon of the Ministry of Trade, 
Industry and Energy. “We’ve given them a fair 
chance, but their cars just didn't sell. They should be 
blaming the slowing economy instead of the Korean 
government” 

The Automobile Manufacturers Association of 


Detroit automakers are not die only ones having 
difficulties in the South Korea. The unpopularity of 
is evident along Shinsa-dong, the 16-lane 
way south of Seoul where foreign car dealerships, 
movie megaplexes and hot new restaurants are 
clustered. 7 

At Fiat SpA’s outlet, a Lancia goes for 36 million 
won ($39,340), 30 percent off tile sticker price. 

“The point was to reduce inventory, not to make 
money,” said Bae Min Oh, a sales representative. 
“Still, we sold only a dozen so far.” The dealership 
plans to shut down. 

Mercedes-Benz Korea has taken the unprecedent- 
ed step of delivering its luxury for 10 percent 

down. The buyer then pays 45 percent of the sticker 
price over the next three years, with an option to pay 
the rest or return the vehicle. 



Source: 


llHfti urin aal Herald HHHiM 


Very briefly: 


Vietnamese Assembly Ousts Central Bank Chief 


Cam&dbyOMSuffFmmDapoKia 

HANOI — The central bank gov- 
ernor, Cao Sy Kiem, was removed 
from his post Monday after failing 
to win the support of the National 
Assembly in a vote that reflected 
concern about Vietnam's banking 
system. 

Mr. Kiem, who received only 195 
of a possible 450 votes from as- 
sembly deputies voting on the new 
prime minister’s cabinet lineup, will 
be succeeded temporarily by a 
deputy governor until the assembly 


bolds the second part of its session in 
mid-November, a source said. 

Mr. Kiem, who was first appoin- 
ted in 1989, has come under in- 
creasing pressure as the banking sec- 
tor has been rocked by scandals and 
defaults. He also has come under 
attack by foreign business executives 
over the central bank's handling of 
foreign exchange and a series of de- 
faults on letters of credit. 

The World Bank and other in- 
ternational donors have said that 
cleaning up the banking industry 


should be at the top of Vietnam's list 
of priorities. 

“The system is in tatters," said 
one foreign banker who asked not to 
be identified. "This is a clear in- 
dication of the failings of the sys- 
tem." The government came under 
heavy criticism during the last ses- 
sion of the assembly for dr ag gin g its 
feel on financial reforms and delay- 
ing proposed banking laws. 

Meanwhile, Prime Minister Phan 
Van Khai called on the country to 
upgrade its economic competitive- 


ness and advocated some cautious 
reforms of the state sector. 

In a speech to National Assembly 
deputies, Mr. Khai spoke of a “de- 
termined policy” to ensure that 
state-owned enterprises follow the 
rigors of die market economy. 

But he cautioned that cutbacks at 
state-owned companies had to be 
carried out carefully and stressed the 
need for “methods to deal with con- 
sequences so as to ensure economic 
and social stability." 

(AFP, Reusers) 


• Sony Music Entertainment (Japan) Inc. said its first-half 
net profit would be 17 percent higher than forecast becauseof 
high sales of an album by the pop group Dreams Come True. 
The company, 71 percent-owned by Sony Coro., raised its 
profit forecast to 2.7 billion yen ($22.3 million) for the six 
months ending Tuesday. 

•The Tokyo Commodity Exchange, Japan’s largest com- 
modity exchange, said it had failed to report 143 million yen in 
income to Tokyo tax authorities over the past four years. It also 
said it had paid about 24 million yen far tickets to fund-raising 
parties for 49 local political groups. 

• Hitachi Ltd. said it and Legend Group Co. of China would 
jointly develop personal computers for the Chinese market. 

• Toyota Motor CorpL, the world's third- largest automaker, 
said it would raise its stake in Hino Motors LtdL, its truck- 
making affiliate, to 20.1 percent from 16.4 percent 

• South Korea's central bank. Bank of Korea, said die 
nation’s current-account deficit narrowed shandy to $714 
million in August from $3.62 billion a year earlier and that 
industrial output rose 8.6 percent from August 1996. 

Bloomberg, Reuters, AFP 

Great Eagle Holdings to Grow 

Bloomberg News 

HONG KONG — Great Eagle Holdings Ltd. said Monday it 
would raise 1.08 billion Hoag Kong dollars ($140 milli on) 
through share sales to expand its U.S. luxury-hotel interests. 

The pr op erty company will pay $100 million to Swig 
Investment Co. for a half-interest in Fairmont Hotel Man- 
agement Co. and in the Fairmont hotels in Dallas, San Fran- 
cisco and New Orleans. It also signed a letter of understanding 
with the Saudi royal family to buy half of the family’s stake in 
New York’s Plaza Hotel Great Eagle's shares closed at 22JZ0 
Hong Kong dollars, down 0.70. 


I 7 


Southeast Asian Currencies Get Pummeled Anew 


Bloomberg News 

KUALA LUMPUR — Southeast Asian 
currencies tumbled Monday amid continuing 
concern about the economic health of Malay- 
sia. Indonesia and the Philippines. 

The ringgit's fall was attributed to concern 
that the government was not doing enough to 
Shrink Malaysia's current-account deficit, 
while the rupiah dropped on fears that rating 
companies such as Standard & Poor’s Chip, 
will cut Indonesia's credit ratings after down- 
grading other countries in the region. The 


tine peso, meanwhile, fell on concern 
that banks will be faced with more bad loans. 

"There is still a lot of stress and strain in 
these countries' economies,” said Song Seng 
Wun, regional economist at ABN-AMRO 
Hoare Govett in Singapore. 

The rupiah fell for a fourth day, losing 3.6 
percent to trade at 3,223 to the dollar at one 
point, while the ringgit dropped 2. 2 percent, to 
3.2015 to the dollar. In the Philippines, the 
peso also weakened, losing 1.7 percent, to 
33.935 to the dollar. 


IRIDIUM: Go-Anywkere Phone Lures Investors 


Continued from Page 17 

one of the first three people on the payroll. 

Mr. Kinzie is chairman of Iridium. The vice 
chairman and chief executive is Edward Stai- 
ano, who also is chairman and chief executive 
officer of Iridium World Communications. 
Before going to Iridium in January. Mr. Stai- 
ano, 60. was president of Motorola's General 
Systems Division, which includes that com- 
pany's cellular phone operations. 

Iridium will run the satellite system from a 
control center at Landsdowne. Maryland, but 
customers will buy the service through their 
local phone companies around the world. 

When Iridium begins operating next spring, 
it will offer four kinds of service: satellite 
phone sen 1 ice, universal service that com- 
bines the satellite-phone link with the local 
cellular network if there is one. cellular-only 
service, and satellite paging. 

Prototypes of the Iridium phone are built 
around a shirt-pocket-size cell phone, which 
slips into a clunkier unit for making satellite 
calls. A little bigger than the first-generation 
cellular phones, Iridium's satellite phone is 
hand-held, unlike existing satellite phones 
that are the size of a briefcase. Iridium's cell 
phone is designed to work in the United 
States, Europe and Japan, which use three 
different cellular phone technologies. 

Each user will nave a "smart card” with a 
built-in computer chip that slips into the phone. 


programming it with the user’s home phone 
number. That makes possible one of Iridium’s 
big selling points: one phone, one number, one 
bill, for calls anywhere in the world. 

Under a $3 billion-plus contract. Motorola 
is building and launching the satellites using 
U.S., Chinese and Russian rockets. 

Elegant and ambitious as Iridium's tech- 
nolog)' may be. it does not guarantee that the 
business will succeed. The company has 
changed iis strategy since the system was con- 
ceived. Originally viewed as strictly a satellite 
phone system targeted to vast parts of the world 
that did not have cellular, it now links up with 
local cellular systems to save the cost of using 
die satellite system when it is not needed. 

The service will be marketed primarily to 
international business and government trav- 
elers, people who travel overseas half a dozen 
times a year and to places where there is no 
cellular service. 

By 2002, Iridium projects customer counts 
of 700,000 for satellite-only service, 2.6 mil- 
lion for universal service, 1.6 million for 
cellular service and 500.000 for paging. Com- 
mercial testing of the system is scheduled to 
start next spring and customers will be billed 
for service starting in September 1998. 

According to a recent research report by 
Merrill Lynch & Co., one of the firms that 
handled the company's IPO, revenue it is 
likely to grow to more than $4 billion a year by 
2002 and almost S8 billion by 2006. 


Arts 

& 

Antiques 

\ppeap! every Saturday. 
T«> advertise contact 
Sarah 'Wershof 
in nur London office: 
ieL: -14 1 71 4211 (1326 
Fax: + 14 1 71 420 0338 
or ynur nearest 1HT office 
or representative. 



nn ■.pruts duu xcvsrxnjt 


See our 

Bodaem Opportunities 

even, Wednesday 
in The lntennarket 


ARGENTINE REPUBLIC 
FEDERAL ADMINISTRATION OF PUBLIC INCOMES 
GENERAL TAX DIRECTORATE 


INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVE BIDDING 


An I n ter nat ional Competitive BMtting tor purchase of 

80 Personal Computers 

•ea Da carted out by The Federal Admini s tration o> PubBc Incomes 
ot Argentina financed by The Second Tax Administration Project 
UNDP AAG MA32. Loan BiflF 3460- AR 
interested tfglbto bidders should be aunortzed mpreaenMives or 
its designate nvtti extensive technical support coverage. Duly 

appointed representation In Argentina for any brand offered Is 
mandatory. 

Quean*} btador* stoutf notify their expression of iraamsi 
in writing ttx 

Second Tax Administration Project 
UNDP ARQ 84/032, Loan BIRF 3460-AR 
Att Sr. Coord In ador General 
H. Yrlgoyen 370 1* ptio Baterta da Ascensoras N* 1 
1088 Buenoa AJres, Argentina 
Fad (541) 347-3818 



^KlLud Idler- Con tinenial, SKw&izigtoij D.C. * 


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dK^JTnttlttTKSAl. 


PAGE 22 


For 


„^ „y t T,nNAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUE SDAY SEPTEMBER 30. 1997^ 

technology 



Special-Effects Houses, a Summer oflmplosi™ 

L visions ft., sometimes ar* real- P^c. 


ESTfS 


<i.‘" ". . ' 


By Kris Goodfellow •• ■. 

New YorkTums Service ~ ' 

' In Hollywood, where art and wph- 
oology intersect with commerce, »°™e 
looks twice when a sp««raft<^ 
across the horizon or a ship is gored tby 
an iceberg. In ^ “mtortri reaWy ^ 
what threatens life is a dearth of spec- 
tabular events. „ 

The everyday reality of «ono™cS' 
though, dealt devastating bl °^“ 
community of special-«ft^s 
this summer, despite record box-office 

'Wording to The Hollywood Report- 

er, this year’s crop of summer m0 ™f 
£* in a record $2,246 billion, cog- 
pared with S2.166 billion last yrarJBu' 
to has not prevented 
effects houses that worked on toe gbro 
from being crippled by 
In several cases, mexpenenireandovw 
reaching led companies to promise tar 
S they were able to dehver 
to spend than they could afford 
trying to meet their obligations 

In June, Warner. Digital Studios 


,-JLdl 7 . . " u * ^ost impossible to 

‘ . . *uat somedraes are real- they believed that the pnee of the effects what a film is going 10 

- sMsswssgL a"JS3it?feK 
vX«»y“gr. i r“ ssssrsssssg- stssssr-"' . 

dred and fifty jobs were eliminated. ■*?? C fo2shave caprized or are trim- In the end, * ‘Titanic ” set off a painful be*^ effects houses, most of 

In AoeusuDigUal Domain, known for Me otirerenave caps chain reaction at the effects house It w^ privately held enritres. 

tsworic^n“ApoUo 13” and‘‘ Dantes rang e Diptal Domain. In the world of forced to dole outshots to their profit margins h°v=J 

said it wk laying off 31 peopl^ effects, Industrial Ugbt and Ma- Light and others. ™e;novie s release 5 In a rare gjxxi 

Canuine the summer implosion. Boss vis kingdom of live action, but was delayed from July to Dec. 19. effects studio might 

known for its work on gc ™les >he kmgoon. o For iB snfierin „ Digital Donum is V™, “ J^, EvenInilll stnal 


U LU VUUUUV.IAL w- 

s until after its release. 





Film Studios, mown ™ it _i Domain has been me nn»u rw a ““ v * “‘ 2 ’. , r _ make lOperceni-i^iaiAuu— 

"Ghostbusters” and “Air Force One *L®!_ ive untender to the throne. said to have lost 54 million, a £ 3 kc andNIagic has had >'« 

announced just before Labor Day that it gr ^ a| ^ asl with -Titanic,” its latest cording to competitors. The c °ropan> S& ^ Ml t^eafc even. 
JS closing after 14 years, eliminating But a Doma in has faltered has confirmed thattt vnfi notmake any Digital, die new 

90 jobs. , 5n SJhen it came to backing up its brag- money from itsjork on tnovie. vision ^ Warner Bros., v." 

‘‘It has been a quirky business, in rac ^ on-time, or on-budget. The only good news is that ijjooksas to foondcred- 

ft^ynotbeab^at all s^Jmi S“ complete to effects 





The invent that you havetomakem man. inoo^ lo ^ ot ^ ^ 100 The 
animators and computer hardware an “ for <*Titaaic” which Mr. Camer- not ui 
software has gouen exorbitant. directing. effects 

perhaps the shakeout wa ? jhe dSat&at time, was rumored to vertinf 

a^aic^t Digi^Doraain. They also said aoybv 



:kulg up 115 Drag- muuey uuut ua wuia wu - ■_ Q f WameT OTOS-. ‘ 

... .■■•..irtTim 2 aaociowiu. u «u..-iimc, or on-budget. The only good news is ifaal it Ir^s as ™ ^ to foraidered. un- 

it mav not be a business at alL said Jun gacme ^ though the movie will not sink the effects “f, in rom nlete the effects for ' ' 

Mon^, who as president of Luc^sDigi^ d oi^Ual Domain was founded in 1993 house. "Titanic” has all *emaifangsrf ^viesSc^n studio released. 

is responsible for Indusmal U^it and . s ® RoS5 now chief executive; Stan a hit, and the company has announced mo q ._ v jn^eworks, in con- “ p j^3§ t 

Magic^dforSkywaJkerSooML tato James Cameron, *e chair- te it wall work on a MreleasecaUed ^^SofSonyKcmres ^ rampaging T-rex of “JuraMiC 

dayl ^nd age, the overhead costs ^e ndge. No one was muc h surprised when it R^i Corner w^Richaid Gere- E”^ nment Inc., has proved ine ^ . .m 

The investment that you haveio ^id to work on more than 100 The problem with accurate biddrng sur^i^or, growing from imnoeworks "The industry' 

w '•"Ttnuter hardware and won ^ » wbich Mr. Camer- rrot unique to Digital Domain. Every ^.^ 0^,300 Seople in the last ywr. w ^‘ die industrv- exhaled..^ ; . 

effects house faces the challenge of con- ^“^^beinihSrocky business for ^en’t willing^ . 

ue was rumored to verting an artist's conception into a dol- sso. s business w b - dose or yon an. - 

lillion, according 10 lar figure. Still, accurate bidding on what die J°g|b2nL^ work,” said keepon brealhm^y ou *- TS 

who have often bid it wS cost to complete a prqjea is, as u vice president of not be ready for the next o ^ 

ain. They also said any business, of paramount importance. Tim S arno ♦ 

Microsoft and Netscape Face Off f 

This Week, Each Plans a Fresh Move Onto the Other s Turf 

. r. - lames LoveJ* 


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0 

CEYIAN 

INTER-CONTINENTAL 

ISTANBUL 


Conference Convenor 


YAPI -i? KREDi 


THE WORLD'S DAILY NEWSPAPER 


By John Markoff 

Sc H- York Tunes Serrice 

SAN FRANCISCO — The software war between Mi- 
crosoft and Netscape is escalating this week, as each 
company moves more aggressively onto the other s tech- 
nological turf. . , . . 

Microsoft Corp. plans 10 ship to customers the iong- 

delayed fourth version of its In- 

ternet Explorer browser soft- _ 

ware. The program is designed Some See tTOUDli 
to give users almost seamless 1 . MJi^ncnft 5 

intesration between the World a^OUt >bCTOSOtT 
Wide Web and the desktop dis- 

play of ■ . Mrrrreofr software lid 


Project onTedmologJ. wU1 be distributed by.flp 

Microsoft s Internet Explorer d will 


Some see troubling new questions 
about Microsoft^ economic power. 


IjUIL LPiuxi-J _ - - 

which is to integrate tne d^ctoR ^ 
personal computer and the ta-. ■ 
ttmet completely. Altjrough, 
Netscape still has a significant^ 
lead, controlling as much as /5,j 
percent of the brow ser market. , 
Microsoft is intent on shippinfi.:^ 


.Mrctosoft software Unk 

the Internet to the PC’s hard disk lhat ^ on J|L^i st 2 Microsoft calls toe Active Desktop, which adds an arrav of 30 J 
executives and consumer advocates see die pre^am ^ ^ locotypes to the basic control panel, or dash- -ij 
raising troubling new questions about the economic power compute r. The feature makes it possible- ^ 

of the software giant , ,, rrvh manv oooular Internet locations with a single mouse ^ 

cHck. W&d 42SL.9££Sbl 


sirauon iviunu^j w -- -=v, «___ ,k® Crv-i«tv -ind Intuit Inc. — ana L-arous, u« _ 

31 an industry trade show here. Code-namedAmora, *e bv Microsoft’s chairman. Bill Gates- . 

program is designed as a componem of Neis^^ s Com- ip^* ^ve compntCT screens, tanlamonnr ; . 

mumcator Web-brow ser software and is miended toofta Such pn m „ mean that the Web sites or.;: ff 
users a smoother ride between me Internet and files smred J eD heavier traffic - j 

on their own computers. - nkJ Microsoftexecutives said the company had not charged^ 

Microsoft, the dominant provicU 0 ;°|^ n ^ s o ^ m^Kvfor placement on the Active Desktop and to ai^; 


makeo^'rating a personal computer virtnaHy syrtommous 

cemed about Microsoft s poww m me softw^e bmgs ^ p“ b ij^s 0 ftware Institute, a public-interest group. "Doy on. 

the producers of info^nr 

ssasaasaaasg; •*—- -kss™-. m» ' 

• : We think it’s an outrage to the Jusuce Department w ■ & 

Elle Offers Women an On-Line Home | 


By Daniel Tilles 

Specif fo the Herald Tribune 

PARIS — On-line service providers 
grappling wiih how to attract women to 
the Internet may get a few clues from an 
offering that made its debut Monday. 

Elle Channel, a product of the multi- 
media subsidiary of the magazine’s pub- 
lisher, Hachene" Filipacchi, allows sub- 
scribers access to the content of any of 
the magazine’s 29 editions in their orig- 
inal language. . 

It does this by grouping nine hue 
servers into a master server that down- 
loads content in real time to any sub- 
scriber’s PC using push technology . 

“We are trying to harness the di- 
versity of the Elle world in one loca- 
tion,” said Cynthia Durcanin. editor of 
Elle International On-Line. 

Users will be able to retrieve articles 
from the original-language Elle editions 
in Belgium, French-speaking Canada, 


France. Germany. Japan, Spain. Taiwan 
and the United States. _ Ken Fraser, an 
analyst for Dataquest in London, said 
EUe’Channel was unique in being both 
multilingual and in read time. 

“It is without a doubt the way things 
are evolving” in sending primed content 
over the Internet, he said. “It is so much 
more convenient to have this sort of 
material pushed at you." He added: 
“It's interesting to see a mainstream 
magazine doing this, as opposed to a 
technical one." 

Patrice Schneider, deputy managing di- 
rector of Hachene Filipacchi Grolier, said 
Elle Channel hoped to address a persistent 
problem for women on-line: getting easy 
access to information they want 

“Though studies show that the per- 
centage of women using the Internet has 
grown to around 40 percent, research says 
that many still complain that a lack of 
operational transparency and relevant and 
practical content keep them from logging 


on as often as they might,' she said. 

Elle Channel will also down toad 3o 
users footage from fashion shows hf; a 
department called Webwalk. Screerf- 
saver programs from the different sett- 
ers also will be automatically updated™ 
users’ computers on a weekly basis. -- i m 
Hachette Filipacchi Grolier. the nuflr* 
timedia unit of Lagardere SA that de- 
veloped Elle Channel, worked with Mi- 
crosoft Corp. and a company based in 
San Jose, California, called Backwebio 
develop the system. 

Versions of the new release of Mi- 
crosoft Internet Explorer 4.0 in Belgium. 
France, Japan and Spain will include 411 
icon for the Elle Channel. 'i. 

A subscription to Elle Channel can .be 
had free by downloading the required 
software from the general Elle magazine 
web site — http://www.elle.com/- 

- Recent technology articles: :2‘ 
www.iht.coml 1 HT/TECHf 


y. 






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PAGE 24 


Sports 


TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 


Kiwis Fall Short 

CRICKET New Zealand narrowly 
failed to seize victory Monday as its 
second and final rest match against 
Zimbabwe at home ended in a tense 
draw in Bulawayo. 

Zimbabwe declared its second in- 
nings closed at 227 runs for eight 
u ickels, setting New 7*^\hrvj a vic- 
tory target of 286 runs from 68 overs, 
j Nw Zealand started well, reac hing 

I 202 in 53 overs for just the wickets 

I but faltered in the final hour and 
! finished on 275 for eight wickets. 

■ The first test was also a 
1 draw. (Reuters) 

| Swede Wins B.C. Open 

golf Gabriel Hjertstedt birdied 
; i in.* 1 6th hole to break a five-way tie 
l«*r the lead and win the B.C. Open 
in Endicoa, New York. 

On a day when better-known 
, Scandinavian players were beating 
: im* best American golfers as part of 
i the European Ryder Cup team, 
j Hjertstedt, 26, became the first 
I iv.ede to win on the PGA Tour. 

His $234,000 winner's prize, 
-.aul'.ed him from 226th on the U.S. 
money list to 84th. More import- 
• antiy. though, it gave him his tour 
: card for two more years, qualified 
him for the Masters and provided 
him with some rent money — for 
the time being, at least. 

Hjertstedt finished at 13-under 
275. one shot better than Andrew 
Magee, who led by one shot with 
j three holes to play. Lee R inker and 
I Chris Peny. ( AP ) 



Hjertstedt lining up a [Hitt on 
the last green at the B.C. Open. 

Bebeto Returns 

soccer Rebeto. the Brazilian 
World Cup striker, has rejoined Dc- 
ourn\o Coruna, the Spanish club's 
president. Augusto Cesar Lendoiro. 
said Monday. Lendoiro said Bebeto 
had signed a two-year contract and 
had received a fax from Brazilian 
club Vitoria confirming the 
move. t Reuters i 


Bucs Down 
Cards to Stay 
Undefeated 

Packers Fall to Lions 
And Slide 2 Games 
Behind Tampa Bay 

The Associated Press 

The Green Bay Packers suddenly find 
themselves looking up at an unlikely 
rival: the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. 

While the Packers were losing, 26- 
15. in Detroit on Sunday, the Bucs re- 
mained one of the NFL’s three unbeaten 
teams by holding off Arizona, 19-18. 
That gave Tampa Bay a two-game lead 

NFL Roundup 

over the Packers in the NFC Central 
going into this week's showdown with 
the Packers at Lambeau Field. 

Green Bay (3-2} had all kinds of 
trouble with Detroit, which had pre- 
viously lost to lowly New Orleans. 

Brett Favre threw three interceptions, 
one of which was returned 45 yards for a 
touchdown by Reggie Brown, a line- 
backer. Barry Sanders ran for 1 39 yards 
on 28 carries. 14 in the fourth quarter, as 
the Lions (3-2) controlled the bail to run 
out the clock. 

“After a game like New Orleans, it 
was very important for us to turn it 
around and have a good game,*’ said 
Detroit's quarterback. Scott Mitchell. 

The Lions got a lift when, trailing by 
6-0, Favre tried to throw from the 
ground and threw toward Brown, who 
deflected the ball, grabbed it in the air 
and rumbled toward the end zone. 

Mitchell was 17 of 27 for 215 yards 
and a touchdown, and Jason Hanson 
kicked four field goals. Favre. mean- 
while. was just 22 of 43 for 295 yards 
and was under heavy pressure for most 
of the game. 

“When you've won a Super Bowl, 
every game' is going to be a battle,’* said 
Green Bay's coach, Mike Holmgren. 

Bucs 19, Canfinals 18 Trent Dilfer's 
31 -yard touchdown pass to Karl Wil- 
liams on fourth-and-6 with 4:48 to go 
won the game for Tampa after the Car- 
dinals took the lead on Aeneas Wil- 
liams's 42-yaixl interception return and 
a 2-point conversion late in the third 
quarter. Kevin Butler missed a 47-yard 
field goal in the final seconds for Ari- 
zona. 

Broncos 29 , Falcon* 21 Dan Reeves, in 
his first season as head coach in Atlanta, 
faced his former team, the Denver Bron- 
cos for the first time. The Broncos were 
coached by Mike Shanahan, who Reeves 
once dismissed, and were quarterbacked 
by John Elway. who resents the way he 
was handled by Reeves. 

Shanahan and Reeves gave each oth- 
er cursory handshakes at the end of the 
game. Elwav and Reeves didn’t speak at 
all. 

After ihe same, in w hich Elwav threw 



Jeff TqdMfftcufcn 

Greg Hill of the Chiefs fighting to escape the clutches or the Seahawks' 
Shawn Springs in the first quarter. Kansas City won, 20-17, in overtime. 


three touchdown passes. Reeves 
wandered around the field in an un- 
successful search for Elway. the quar- 
terback who said playing for Reeves 
was “hell.'' 

“I saw him heading off. but he was a 
long distance away,*' Elway said. “If 
the'opportunity had presented itself. I 
would have said hello.*' 

Denver took a 23-0 first half lead. It 
jumped ahead less than rwo minutes into 
the game. Elway connected with Shan- 
non Sharpe on a 65-yard touchdown, the 
longest play of the tight end's career. 

Sharpe finished with 1 19 yards on six 
receptions, but Terrell Davis couldn't 
extend his streak of four straight 100- 
sard games. The NFL’s leading rusher 
was held to 78 yards on 22 carries. 

J*t* 31, Bengal* 14 Neil O'Donnell 
threw three touchdown passes as New 
York handed the Bengais their first 
home loss under their new coach, Bruce 
Coslet. 

O'Donnell, who as a Pittsburgh 
Steeler was 8-1 against Cincinnati, got 
plenty of help. Adrian Murrell carri«i a 
career-high 40 times for 156 yards 
against the NFL's second- worst defense 
against the run. The Jets (3-2) made few 
mistakes against Coslet, a former head 
coach of the Jets. 

“This is ridiculous, and I am em- 
barrassed." said ihe Bengais* quarter- 
back. Jeff Blake, who was IO-oi-2 1 for 
1 66 yards with two touchdown^ and one 
interception. 

"We're emotionless." Coslet .said. 
"We’re awful." 


Face-Off for League With a New Face 

\HL Season Wi II Include Olympic Break and 3 Games in Japan 


l 1 €. • Mla'il P'fW 

The Mario Lemieux era 
has ended m Pittsburgh: ihe 
Mark Messier era is jiisi be- 
ginning in Vancouver, and 
there’s a new era in inter- 
national relations. 

They .Are only some of the 
changes for die National 
Hockey League’s 81st season, 
which begins Wednesday. 
More than 60 players and nine 
coaches changed teams, and 
for the third straight year, a 
franchise moved. 

Then there is the league's 
first-time participation in the 
Olympics, a way for the 
league to increase exposure 
by show casing the world's 
best players. Teams will break 
for two’ and a half weeks in 
February , and the league's 
stars will play for their coun- 
tries — and in many cases 
against their NHL teammates 
— in Nagano. Japan. 

The Winter Games have 
raided concerns about injur- 
ies. divided locker rooms and 
life*, momentum for teams two 
months before the playoffs 

“You might nave three 
American*, three Canadians 
and two Russians on your 
team who played in the Olym- 
pic >.*’ said Shawn Chambers, 
a Dallas Stars defenseman. 
' 'There might be bad blood, 
and now you've got to be 
teammates again. It could be a 
little iffy.” 

The season begins less than 
tear months after the Detroit 
Kcd Wings ended 42 years of 
irastration by winning the 
Stanley Cup. Triumph turned 
to tragedy six days later, the 
star defenseman Vladimir 
Konstantinov and the team 
masseur. Sergei Mnalsakan- 
ov, were in a limosine acci- 
dent. Both have emerged from 
conus and are undergoing re- 
nabiliiation. Konstantinov's 
locker is still filled with his 
equipment, but it's doubtful 
he will ever play again. 

Ht> low will make it es- 
oeciallv difficult for the 


champs to repeat, something a 
team hasn’t done since 
Lemieux led the Penguins to 
two straight Cups in 1991-92. 

In the last six years, six 
different teams have won the 
championship, and 1 1 teams 
have made it to the cham- 
pionship round. 

The parity is a result of sev- 
eral of the influx of talent from 
abroad, plenty of good goal- 
tending and free-agency that 
has allowed more movement 
of players. 

Witness Messier, who 
moved from New Yoik to 
Vancouver and suddenly 
made the Canucks a team to 
watch. The free-agent center, 
who has won six Stanley 
Cups, signed a three-year, 
S21 million deal with the Ca- 
nucks in July and has been 
making the transition since. 

Some other notable free- 
agent signings: the goaltender 
Ed Belfour left San Jose to join 
Dallas: the goaltender Andy 
Moog left Dallas for Montreal: 
the forward Tomas Sandstrom 
left Detroit for Anaheim: the 
forward Mike Keane left Col- 


BED # 


orado and the forward Brian 
Skrudland left Florida for the 
New York Rangers: the for- 
ward Rick Tocchel left Wash- 
ington for Phoenix, and Esa 
Tikannen signed with Florida 
alter a second stint with the 
Rangers. 

Among the trades during 
the offseason, the Red Wings 
sent Mike Vernon, a goalie, to 
San Jose for draft picks. Ver- 
non. the most valuable player 
in the playoffs, was deemed 
expendable by Detroit with 
Chris Osgood as the No I 
goalie and Kevin Hodson as 
his backup. 

Gary Roberts, a two-time 
All-Star continuing a 
comeback from a neck injury, 
was traded by Calgary to the 
Carolina Hurricanes. 

The NHL continued to 
move into the Sun Belt w hen 
the Hanford Whalers became 
the Hurricanes, who wifi play 
for two seasons in Greenstxiro. 
North Carolina, before mov- 
ing to Raleigh. Whether 
hockey will succeed in an area 
known for its rabid football 
fans remains to be seen. 


T. 


Ss 


Ton BiiyfcflThf .\nu»’l I’it.' 


Chicago's Tony Amonte, right, tripping Jamie Rivers 
of St Louis, in the final exhibition game for both teams. 


"The game w ill sell itself." 
said Siu Crimson, a Carolina 
forward. “We’ve talked a lot 
about the logo and the new- 
ness of our game to the market, 
and 1 really think the guys have 
to look at it as a challenge. Our 
success first and last wifi 
determine how we’re going to 
go over in this area.” 

Nine teams have new 
coaches: Pat Bums replaced 
Steve Kasper in Boston: Bri- 
an Sutter replaced Pierre Page 
in Calgary : Jim Schocnfcld 
moved from Washington to 
Phoenix, replacing Don Hay; 
Kevin Constantine took over 
in Pittsburgh, and Darryl Sut- 
ter took over for Al Sims in 
San Jose. 

Despite leading Phil- 
adelphia to the Stanley Cup 
finals. Teny Murray was re- 
placed by Wavne Cashman. 
Winning the Coach of the 
Year award did not help Ted 
Nolan. He was replaced in 
Buffalo by Lindy Ruff. 

Ron Wilson w'as kicked out 
after taking Anaheim to the 
playoffs for the first time. He 
landed in Washington. Page 
replaced Wilson in Anaheim. 

Constantine has taken over 
a Pittsburgh team missing the 
retired Lemieux, who made 
the Penguins one of the most 
feared teams in the NHL. 

The NHL has scheduled 
regular* season games in Ja- 
pan. The first weekend of the 
season includes a twn-game 
series in Tokyo between Van- 
couver and Anaheim. 

To make up for the Olympic 
break, from Feb.8 to 24, each 
team will play an extra game 
even seven weeks. Opening 
night, featuring an unusually 
full .schedule of 10 games, will 
is earlier than normal. 

In keeping with the inter- 
national flavor of the season, 
the NHL has also switched 
the format of its All-Star 
Game. The North -American 
AJ1 -Suits wifi take on the 
World All-Stars on Jan. 18 in 
Vancouver. 


Ryder Cup Outcome: 
Teamwork Triumphs 


Cowboys 27, Boars 3 Troy Aikman 
threw two touchdown passes, and Deion 
Sanders returned a punt 83 yards for a 
score for Dallas, which pulled away in 
the second half. 

votings 28 , Eagles 19 Robert Smith, 
the Minnesota ru nning back, scored two 
touchdowns in a game for the first time 
in his career, including his first TD 
reception. Smith, the NFC's leading 
rusher, carried 22 times for 125 yards. 

Chiofs 20, Saahawks 17 Pete Stoy- 
anovich kicked a 41-yard field goal for 
the Chiefs with 1 :56 left in overtime in 
Kansas City, after Jerome Woods in- 
tercepted a Warren Moon pass. 

Marcus Allen had two tDs for Kan- 
sas City, raising his NFL career record 
for rushing touchdowns to 1 15. 

Steelers 37, Oilers 24 Kordell Stewart 
threw for 244 yards, ran for two touch- 
downs and threw for another for Pitts- 
burgh. Jason Gildon scored on a fumble 
return as the Steelers opened up a 37-9 
lead over visiting Tennessee. 

The Steelers limited Eddie George, 
who was averaging 1 2 1 yards a game, to 
29 yards on 12 carries. 

Chargors 21, Ramons 17 Tony Martin 
caught touchdown passes of 36, 72 and 
38 yards from Stan Humphries for San 
Diego. Martin finished with four 
catches for 1 55 yards. Dwayne Harper's 
interception with 1:40 to go ended the 
last Baltimore threat. 

Raiders 35, Roms 17 Jeff George 
threw four touchdown passes as the 
Raiders came back from a 1 4-0deficit in 
the first appearance by the Rams in 
Oakland since 1972. 

In games reported in Monday's late 
editions: 

Giants 14, Saints 9 At the Meadow- 
lands, Dave Brown threw touchdown 
passes to Kevin Alexander and Chris 
Calloway, and little-used Tyrone 
Wheatley helped kill the clock with 
three big rushes after the Giants were 
backed up to their own 3-yard line late in 
the game. 

Redskins 24, Jaguars 12 Two aging 
cornerbacks, Darrell Green and Cris 
Dishman, shut down Jacksonville's 
quarterback, Mark Bruneli. Gus 
Frerone overcame a shaky start to throw 
for two touchdowns as Washington 
handed the Jaguars their first loss of the 
season. 


By Ian Thomsen 

ImenuawHcd Herald Tribune 


S OTOGRANDE, Spain — Tom 
Kile went home from the 32d Ry- 
der Cup no wiser than he had 
arrived. “ 'The only reason we got beat is 
they knew the golf course and the weath- 
er conditions better than we did,’’ be 
said after ra nmining die United States to 
a 1416-1316 loss to Europe on Sunday. 

Kite will be roasted in America for 
being outwitted by the European non- 
playing captain Seve Ballesteros, who 
maneuvered the host continent to a huge 
1016-5V6 lead in doubles play, and then 
survived the U.S. charge in the con- 
cluding round of singles. 

For all of us who predicted a thorough 
U.S. victory, the larger moral can be 
found in America’s failure to find its 
own Ballesteros — the great player who 
also carries the qualities of leadership. ' 
Can you imagine if Kite had tried be- 
having like Ballesteros last weekend? 
He would have had a player revolt on his 
hands. 

Because he is what he is and they are 
what they are. Kite took the only ap- 
proach he could imagine. By malting 
sure all 12 of his players played every 
day, he was making sure of avoiding 
hurt feelings. A goal of his was to treat 
them all like equals. “When I’m trying 
to decide who my strong players are, I 
can almost flip coins,” Kite said after 
the loss. 

His strategy betrayed an American 
arrogance — an encrypted belief that 
they were all equal in their superiority to 
the Europeans. 


RBeonkotBMWantt ■lU'sSMRydwCup. 

Europe ban the United Sam UK- 13>*- 


Wm List Pb . 


Cafln Montgomerie 3 

CosftHifino Rocca 3 

Bernhard Longer 3 

J. Maria Otazobal 2 

Lm Westwood 1 

NkkFafdo 2 

Jesper Pomevlli 1 

P.-U- Johansson 2 

Thomas Bjorn 1 

IgnedoGanWo 0 

Darren CInrke i 

Ion Woosnom ! 


Won Losl Hohwd 


sensible humility. They accepted an al- 
most military hierarchy of leaders and 
followers. Ballesteros was in charge; 
Colin Montgomerie, Bernhard Langer, 
Nick Faldo and Jose Maria Olazabal 
assumed more responsibility than any of 
the American players; and throughout 
the ranks each player, no matter how 
unaccomplished, f ulfill ed his duties to 
the team. Such unheralded players as 
Ignacio Garrido of Spain and Lee West- 
wood of England performed heroically 
al times. Every European won at least a 
point — and in the end they seemed 
much more like 12 equals than the 
Americans. 

“The Europeans played better than 
the sum of their parts,” said Tom Leh- 
man, one of the Americans who seemed 
to play decently without prospering dur- 
ing the doubles rounds. 

How was it that Tiger Woods, Justin 
Leonard and Davis Love in won three 
of the most precious events in the world 
— the Masters, British Open and PGA, 
respectively — and then managed just 
one victory in 13 Ryder Cup matches 
between them? Woods seems certain to 
become an American leader, but at 21 he 
had no one to show him the way. “I felt 
so much pressure out there,' ' he said. 

The American millionaires were al- 
most comical in their search for a ral- 
lying point. Before flying over on the 
Concorde they spent close to an hour at 
a private reception in New York with 
President Bill Clinton, who surprised 
the players with his knowledge or then- 
careers. Love, who had seemed espe- 
cially inspired, went on to lose all four 
of his matches. 

When the Americans found them- 
selves trailing, 9-4. as play was sus- 
pended Saturday night. Kite admitted 
that he wasn't sure what to tell his play- 
ers. What did he do? He asked former 
President George Bush, who was at- 
tending the matches, to address the team. 
“It wasn’t so much what he said,” Kite 
said. “It’s that he was there for them.” 


Scott Hoch 
JeffMoggert 
LMJosen 
Fred Couples 
Mark O'Meara 
Tom Lehman 
PMMkkebofl 
Tiger Woods 
Jirafti Leonard 
Bred Faxon 
Jbn Furyfc 
OavtsLwe 


It was only during the final round of 
singles, when they became a team of 12 
individuals, that the Americans played 
well Kite's complaints about adapting 
to the Valderrama greens sounded: hol- 
low after they had won eight of th^ 
concluding 12 points. - 

The most important singles match 
was the third one out — Cos tan tint) 
Rocca of Italy drawn against Woods. At 
birth each of them would have seem- 
ingly zero chance of malting it to this 
stage. Now Woods was a sensation 
while Rocca, almost twice his age, was 
still something of a pioneer. 

The former machinis t, who, when he 
was Woods* age, bicycled to work each 
morning at tee local plastics factory, 
found himself having to beat the world's 
greatest player to hold off an American 
comeback. In 1993, Rocca received 
much of the blame for missing a putt in 
the late going of Europe’s defeat. As it 
was for Langer, who in the 199 1 Ryder 
Cop missed the decisive putt but this 
Sunday won the match which clinched 
retention of the Cup for Europe, this was 
a weekend of redemption for Rocca. 

He kept his bead down throughout the 
round, budding his lead to four holes as 
he saved par from underneath a tree at 
No. 9. As the two players walked up t b 
most greens the galleries seemed to no- 
tice only one of them — Rocca! Rocca! 
Rocca ! — it was like a popular uprising. 

Rocca ’s 4-and-2 victory, as much as 
any other victory, decided the outcome 
of the Ryder Cup. < 





Rctexu NadcqfAgOh* FnocE-hrcc 

Captain Seve Ballesteros holding 
the cup Monday at Valderrama. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 


PAGE 25 


SPORTS 


Gwynn Captures 
8 th Batting Title 


gi ‘ UKR ^ | 

ts-aSSS! 

saagssa 

•»hiSSjS?« «*&* 


Tfte AiStKimed Press 
Mark McGwire hit one 
more home run, and Tony 
Gwynn packed away his 
eighth baaing title. 

McGnrirc hit his 58th home 
run Sunday as the St Louis 
Cardinals beat the Chicago 
"Cubs 2-1. McGwire’s total is 


last day as the Padres won in 
San Francisco in 1 2 innings. 
“1 feel like. I've earned 14 *' 


said Gwynn, who bad a cai cer- 
iigh 119nm 


NL Roundup 


. the most since Roger Maris hit 
■61 in 1961. He tied the mark 
for right-handed hitters shared 
• by Jimmie Foxx and Hank 
' Gre en berg. McGwire hit 34 of 
j his homers for Oakland in the 
: American League before 
' abeing traded to St Louis. 

The Cardinals hit their 


high 119 runs batted in as he 
hit above 300 for the 15th 
straight season. “I had to battle 
this year. Larry Walker gave 
me all he coukl give me.” 

KooUm 13, Dodgers 9 
W alker also did not play as 
Colorado beat Los Angeles in 
Denver. Walker hit .366 and 
led the National League with 
49 home runs. 

Brett Butler did play, for 
the last time in his 17-year 
c a reer. The 40-year-old out' 
fielder came back from cancer 
of the tonsils last year and 


last year a 
finished with a .290 lifetime 


144th home run, brenking^he 



JSES.^ 


team record set in 1955 
Igame was the last for Ryne 
• Sandberg. The Cobs star is 
: retiring tor the second time. 

Sandberg. 38, finished 
•with a record 277 home runs 
; as a second baseman and bat- 
hed .285 ina career that began 
■in 1981. . 

Paths* s. Giant* 3 Gwynn. 
i who hit a major league-high 
.372 and tied Hoods Wag- 
ner’s NL record for most bat- 
ting tides, did not play on the 


average and 558 stolen bases. 

“I’m done,” said Butler, 
who went l-for-4 with a two- 
run triple. “Part of me is 
saddened. Part of me is re- 
laxed. Boy, has it gone fast” 

Dame Bichette hit two 
home runs. The Rockies fin- 
ishing with an NL-record 239 
homers. 

Mike Piazza hit two bomers 
to reach 40. Piazza hit .362, 
the club's best average since 
Lefty O’Doul bit .368 for the 
Brooklyn Dodgers in 1932. 



Clemens Shows the Red Sox 

Griffey Fails to Homer, Finishing Season With 56 


The Kssocitaed Press 

Roger Clemens certainly 
proved the Boston Red Sox 
wrong. 

On the final day of the reg- 
ular season. Clemens struck 
out eight against his former 
team to pass Randy Johnson 
and win his fourth American 
League strikeout title as the 
Toronto Blue Jays rallied to 
beat Boston, 3-2, on Sunday. 

Last Dec. 13, the three- 
time Cy Young Award win 


AL Roundup 


ner left the Red Sox to sign a 
$24.75 million, three-year 
contract with Toronto. 

“We didn’t see Roger as 


the jop pitcher in baseball,” 
\ Sox general manager. 


50 Home-Run Season* 


41 Roger Maris. Yankees, 1961 
40 Baa* Rum. Yankees. 1927 
99 Bobo Rum. YonkMS. 1921 
59 Jimmie Fax* Phfl At 1932 
58 Hqnfc Gre enber g. DcPPfl. 1938 

55 Mart McGwire, OaUani Athletics 
m* SL LmN* CanSMb, 1997 

56 Hack WBsan Cube. 1930 

96 Kea Griffey Jr. Seattle, 1 997 
54 Babe Rulh, N.V. Yankees. 1930 
54 BaM Ruth. N.Y. Yankee* 1938 
54 Ralph Klnee. Pittsburgh. 1949 
54 Mickey MonBe, Yankees, 1961 
52 Mlckay Mantle. Yankees. 1956 

52 Mam McGwire. Athletics. 1996 

53 WBBe Mays. San Ftandsav 1965 
53 George Faster, Cincinnati 1977 
51 Ralph Kinn PMsbwgli 1947 

51 Johnny Mbs, N.Y. Giants, 1947 
51 WHa Mays. N.Y. Giant*. 19SS 
51 Cock Fielder, Detroit Tigera. 1990 
50 Jimmie Faxx. Red 5a* 1938 
50 Brady Anderson Bdkm 1996 
50 Albert Bete Cleveland, 1995 


jorleague- 
The Maris 


TielijmWTlr lunJInl FYmm 

The Cardinals’ Mark McGwire watching his 58th home run sail into the seats. 


Mats 8, Brava* 2 John 

Olerud hit a three-run homer 
off Denny N eagle as New 
York beat visiting Atlanta. 

pmibm a, Mowfins 7 Gary 
Sheffield hit a grand slam for 
Florida, but Philadelphia got 
home runs from Rex Hudler, 


Kevin Jordan and Billy Mc- 
Millon to win in Philadelphia. 

Florida’s Charles Johnson 
became the only catcher in 
NL history to play at least 100 
games during a season and 
not make an error. 

First** S, Astro* 4 Jose 


Guillen scored the go-ahead 
run in the 1 1th inning as Pitts- 
burgh won at Houston. 

Rods 11 , Kxpo* 3 Mike 

Remlinger had a perfect game 
for the Reds in Montreal until 
rookie Jose Vidro doubled 
with two out in the seventh. 


the Red; 

Dan Duquette, said that af- 
ternoon. “He certainly hasn’t 
pitched that way in the last 
couple of years.” 

So what did Clemens do? 

He led the AL in victories 
( 21 ), tamed -run average 
(2.05) and strikeouts (a ca- 
reer-high 292), becoming the 
first to lead in all three cat- 
egories since Detroit’s Hal 
Newhouserin 1945. 

Johnson finished with 291 
strikeouts. 

“As much as there were a 


lot of positives this year, on 
the whole we definitely un- 
derachieved as a team,” 
Clemens said. “Next year 
we'll just have to pull our hats 
down a little lower and push 
forward.” 

Adriatic* 9, Marinw* 7 Ken 

Griffey Jr. did not hit a homer, 
finishing with a league-high 
56. Griffey went 1 for 2 with a 
walk at the Kingdome and left 
for a pinch-runner after 
singling m the fifth. He hit 
304 and led the majors with 
147 RBIs. 


Seattle finished with a ma- 
s-record 264 homers. 
Mariners’ bullpen blew 
its 27th save of die season 
when Man Stairs hit a grand 
slam off Norm Charlton to 
win it for Oakland. 

OiMm 7, Bmwn b Mark 
Davis plunked Brady Ander- 
son with the bases loaded in 
the eighth at County Stadium, 
breaking a 6-6 tie. 

YinkMt 7, Ttffwr* 2 Hideki 

Irabu (5-4) allowed one run 
and two hits in five innings at 
Tiger Stadium, and Bemie 
Williams hit his 100th career 
home run as New York closed 
with five consecutive victo- 
ries, finishing two games be- 
hind Baltimore. 

Twin* 5 , Indian* i Charles 
Nagy (15-11) allowed five 
runs and nine hits in seven 
innin gs as the Indians lost to 
visiting Minnesota. 

Whit* sox 4 , Royal* a Frank 
Thomas became the first 
White Sox player to win a bai- 
ting title since Luke Appling in 
1943, finishing at 347. 

Hangars 4, Aitg*l* 0 John 
Burkett shut out the Angels 
for eight innings before he 
was ejected by umpire John 
Hirschbeck after he opened 
the ninth by throwing two 
pitches at Jim Edmonds. 


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PMsfey, Sarrica 161 Ptdwnto (B) and A. 
Stewart Em N. Cruz (Q. McHlray C8), 
Foufte (8) and Fabregns. W— Eyre, 4-1 
L— sendee, 0-ft Su-Fottte (3). 
HRs— KafliOf Ofy, J. Khg (28). CMcoga 
BMa'QQ. 

BaNtaun 021 IN BIO — 7 11 1 

MfloaukM NO 041 BOO-6 11 1 

Km N - R odri gu ez (61, Rhodes OS. MBs 
£73. Orosco £71 A.Banffez (t ), TeMothows 
£p) and Heist, Rosario (Or Kart P.Wagner 
(53. vaunt (A, A. Reyes (73. Dm* £8]. 
Wldanan 60 and Malheny, Stinnett (8). 
W — Orosca 64. L— A. 'Reyes, 1-2. 
Sv— TeJIAalhews 0). HRe— Bofffmom 

Walton 2 CD, Hammonds £21). AMwauke* 

BtimUz £27). 

TMOS SIB OOfl 201-4 9 1 

Anohskn ON 000 BOO-fl 3 1 

Burkett Wettekmd (9) aid KLBrowrc 
Wotaon, Borne £8} and Kreufer.W— Burkett 
9-12. L-Watson, 12-1 2. HRs— Texas, Buford 
(B.KLBrownn). 

(Musad an on no-* n i 

Soothe 200 300 002-7 11 1 

Tdghedet Groom (5), A5maU (5), Mahler 
m,TJJMattmn CB), Taylor (9) and Molina 
Moyne £7)> Fosswaaoude (6), Chariton (7), 
Hotzomar CB), B. Weds £8), Stocumb (9) and 
OaWlsoa Mannao HO. W— A. Smalt 94L 
L-ONarNoa 34. 5 v— Taylor £233. 

HRs— Oatdand, Stabs (mMoflna CD. 


L— Horalquez, 0-1. Sv-Lotaefla (291. 
HRs— Pittsburgh, J. Guillen (14). Houston. 
Abnu BhKnoirn). 

I ss finflilir 004 141 000-9 11 0 
CBtondo 045 NO 040—12 II I 

Garoekl Judd (3), D. Rayas (6), Hartley £8} 
and Piazza Prince 15); Thomson, S. Reed 
£ffl. DsJsan (B, Leskanic (91 and Js.Reed. 
0W— DeJean, 54. L— D. Raya* 24. 
HRs— Los Angolas. Piazza 2 0*0). 

HoBandsunilti (4), Blanco (1). Cokmda 
Bfchetlel £26], JaJRead (17J. 

5. Diego 0M NO 020 03-5 12 0 

5. FntndscD ON 010 ]N 01-3 7 0 

llbnihtN 

Ashby, Hoffman CB). J. HamMon (10) and 
Roaierar Rapg, Poole P), D. Darwin (4), 
Mulholtond (6), John stone (8). Tavnez (H), 
C. Bailey (9) and 8. Johnson, BenyhM C51, 
MbobeUI (». W— J. HamBon, 12-7. L-C 
BaBey, 0-1. HR— San Dlega Lee (1). 


Rodriguez, Seoffle, 29. 
PITCH I NO CU Doc 


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'Y-Houston 84 78 519 — 

’PWsbwgh .79 83 

.OndnMdL ii,:.. M 

it. Louis. * ' n 

-CWcags 68 

»' “ * 'waronmoN... 

x-San Frandsco 90 71 556 

-LMAngetos H M 543 

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AMERICAN LfiAOUC 

IlHhawtato ON 041 800-5 9 1 

, fliwbwit NI ON 000—1 6 1 

: Tewksbury and StoWwdr Nagy. Plunk 
(8), Meso CW and S. Atomar. W-Tewksbury, 
, 8-13. l-Hagy. 15-11. 

) New York 212 010 010-7 11 1 

Detroit ON 011 N0-4 5 2 

. Irabu. Gooden (6), KrUtogen (7), Banks 
! (8), Stanton (9) and Posad* Gtrardl Wfc 
! Keagta Sager (3t Mkefl (7),GaOard (9) and 
1 Casanova. Jenson (9). W— Irabu, 5-4. 
‘ L—Keagle, HR*-N ew^ Yatto Otton C21 ), 

• 0c.wmtaTT» (21), Stanley (16), Panda (0- 
! Detroit, Fryman £22}- 

iBestoa ON 011 NO-4 0 0 

■ Tonato NO ON NO-3 I 0 

> Cheers D. Lowe (7), Mahay CB), Gordon (8) 
land Hasehnani Oemenv . Qaantrfll (9), 
i Plane (9) ond DBrien. W-Ple*JC JM. 
, L— Gonton. 6-10. 

, Kansas aty IN 002 000-3 7 0 

.Chicago 200 ON 201-4 6 0 


NJfnOMAL LEAQUK 

anctoeff ON m 010 - 11 12 0 

Msstmel ON ON 010-3 4 2 

Ronhioor aid Tn u ben su Hstmonson, 
Pantoguo (St DeHart (St KOne (9) ond 
.WUgtfi W— RsmKngor, M. L-Hmnm 
84. HR— Ondnoatt NumtoBydD. 
mrMa • ' . 104 IN 110-7 9 ! 

FMl*»i»Mir m 1« !■»-* 18 7 

Sounders. F. Hsndta £7), Non 00 and C 
Johnson. Zaun (6); Bssdv Blarisr (6). 
Gomes C7L Winston £80, BottaBco (9) and 
LWberibat EstateUa (St. W-Goraet. 5-1. 
L— F. Hsndks 54. Sv— Bottoltco (34). 
HRs— Ftorid* SbeffleW £21), C. Johnson 
09). PWlodsIphla. Hudtor (9, K. Jordan (6), 
McMSon CD. 

Attento NO ON 006-2 7 0 

New York ON 232 OW-8 11 0 

Neogle, Millwood (6), Ctordz £7), CUther 
(7), C Fax at Ugtonbeig (D md J. Lopse, 
EdrLPeraz (6); Aconckv McMkhod (B and 
A. CasOOo. W-Aceved«v3-). L-NsagM20- 
5. HRs— Aflonia, Toctor 04). Now York, 
Oiarad (22), M. Franco £5). 

Chicago ON 001 000-1 4 0 

St. Louis ON 001 01a-a 7 0 

Tmchiet PtodoltD 30 and Houston; Ayboc 
Fnscakxe CO. Painter CB) and Manero. 
W— Patotec 1-1. L— Ptsdotta, W. HR-St 
Louta, MoGwtn 04. 

PfflsbuztA ON ON 010 IB-6 7 1 

Houston IN OH ON 01-4 >1 O 


II 


SUoa. Ueber (dt Sadowsky (8), 
Christlorwon (IDt Lotooffo D1) «d Oslb 
Una, Hudek Ot Hoff (St Barrios Ut J. 
Cabrera (8). Honriqoez (ID and Ausaw* 
Pena (5). W-OwWla risen, 34. 


AMERICAN LEAGUE LEADERS 

G AB S H% 
FThamas ChW 146 530 110 184 547 

E Martinez Sea 155 542 104 179 530 

Justice do 139 495 84 163 529 

Ramirez O 150 561 99 1IU 52B 

BeWROaintNYY 129 509 107 167 528 

ONoMNYY 149 553 89 179 524 

GmarTat 157 601 112 193 521 

Jeffmon Bos 134 489 W 156 519 

M Vaughn Bus 141 527 91 166 515 

I Rodriguez Tex 150 597 98 187 513 

RUNS— Griffey Jr, Soattta 125; 
Gcrdmarra, Boston, 122 j Knofataadt, 
Mbtoosata, 117) Jofsr, Now Yorib.llAr A 
LHvntsz, Detroit, 112) timer. Twos, U2r P. 
Thcnw* CMcagto lilt 
RBI— GriffOy Jr, Seattle, 147> T. Mwtlruu, 
Now YMt 141; J. uGonzalez, Too* 131r 
Scriman. Anatwhiv 129z F. Thomas, CMcoga. 
125; ToCtork, Detroit 117)0. 'NNt New York. 
117. 

HITS— Gordo Bastorv 209; Green 

Texas. 1936 Jete*. New York. I90r G. 
Anderaarv Anaheim. 189) I. Rodrigues 
Texas, 187) Griffey Jc, Seafftb 1 85; Rrsntmz, 
□evetond, 1S4; F. Thomas, Chicago, 1B4. 

DOUBLES-JhValentin, Boston, 47; 
OrOa. Milwaukee^ 46 BeOe, CMcoga 45; 
Gandapana Boston 44; Gtm, Texas, 42) C 
Delgarta, Toronta 42; O. NeflL New York. 
42. 

TRIPLES— GaRJaparra Boston, II; 
Knabtauch Minnesota 10; Daman Kansas 
Oty, Ik Bumffz, Milwaukee, &- Stowmt 
Toronto, 76 Jdoc New York. 7; B. LHurtler, 
Detroit 7; ABcea Anahabn 7i B. yAndenon, 
BdHnxn7. 

HOME RUNS— Griffey Jc Seattle, 56r T. 
Marttmz, New York, 44; J. uGonzaja Texaa 
42; Thome, Cleveland, 4tb Buhner; Seattle, 
40 ; R. Patnwhn BaMmare, 3& M. Vdoghn 
Boston 356 F. Thomas, CHcagn 35. 

STOLEN BASES— a LHimtoB Detroit 74; 
Knotakweto Minnesota 62; T. Goodwin 
Taras. Stt Ntan Toronta 47; VtzqueL 
Cleveland, 43! Durham, CMcoga 33; A. 


Sea-ffla 20-1 533 258; Mojrot Seaffln 1 7-5, 
.773, 356; Qemem, Torotda 21-7. .750, 2.05; 
Pafftffe. New York, 18-7, .72ft 258; Hershhec 
Oevetand 14-6, JKt 457; Erickson 
BoMmora, 16-7, 696, 369; C Finley, 
Anaheim, 13-6 684,^53. 

STRIKEOUTS— Clem era. Toronto. 292; 
RaJotmson Seattle, 291; Conn New York. 
222; Mussina Balthnora 21 a Ape let, 
Kansas Ctfy, T9A Fassem Seattle, 189; 
Radke, Mlrmesata 174. 

SAVES— RaM yen. BaWmom 4i M. 
Rivera, New York, 43/ DoJones, MUwaokee, 
36, ToJonos, Detroit 31; Weffetond. Texas. 
31.- Perdvat Anaheim, 77-. Stocurolx Seattle. 
27; R. Hernandez, CMcoga 27. 

NATIONAL LEAGUE LEADERS 

G AB R Hiq. 
Gwynn SO 149 592 97 220 572 

L Wetter Col 153 568 143 208 566 

Piazza LA 152 556 104 201 562 

Lofton All 122 493 90 164 533 

Joyner SD 135 455 59 149 527 

MaGraceChC 151 555 87 177 519 

Galarraga Cal 154 600 120 191 518 

AlfonmNYM 151 518 84 163 515 

Mondesi LA 139 616 95 191 510 

Blggta Hau 162 619146 191 509 

RUNS— Biggin Houston 146; L Walker, 
Coiorada 143; Bonds, San Frandscn 123; 
Gotamiga, Colorado, 120; Bagwefc Houston, 
109; E. cYmmg, Los Angolas, 106r Piazza 
LosAngstoalOd. 

RBI— Gtdanaga Cutoradn 160 Sag wait 
Houston, 136; L Walkoe Colorado. 13Q 
Piazza, Lm Angelos. 124r Kant Son 
Frandscn 121t Soon CMcoga II9| Gwynn, 
San Dtogall?. 

HttS-Gwym Sen Dtoga 220; L RUksr, 
Cotorodn 2og Piazza Los Angstoa 201; 
Mondial Los Angstoa 191; Blggto, Houston, 
191; Gatanoga Colorado, 191; Cadflla 
CotomdalSti. 

DOUBLES— GnK&Manek, Montreal 54; 
GwyrsvSan Diego, 49; L WaUcac Catorada 
46; Lansing, Montieot 45; Mondesi Lot 
Angstoa *b ChJonea Attantn 41; Bagwell 
Houston 4ft Morandnl PhOadatohla 4G 

TRIPLES— OoSh lekl* St. Louis. 14b N. 
Perez, Coiorada Tft W. Guenera, Los 
Angeles, ft Randa PHtsburga ft Wnnock. 
Ptttihaigiv ft EcYoung, Los Angeles, ft 
Blggto, Houston ft L Johnson CMcoga ft 
Dautton Florida ft 

HOME RUNS— L Woftra Coiorada 4ft 
Ba gyred, Houston 43; Gakmoga, Coiorada 
41; Ptazza. Los Angelew 4ft CasSOa, 
Coiorada 4ft Bonds, San FrandscadftSoso, 
CMcoga 3ft 

STOLEN BASES — Womack, PHtabugh 
6ft D. Sandoia Ctodnnotl 56; D. tSMckto. St 
Louis. 55t Btggla Houston, 4ft EcYoung, Las 
Angolas. 4ft Banda San Fnmcbca 37) Q. ' 
Vbraa Son DIega 3ft L Wofltec Coiorada 
33. 

PTTCHING nB Dedslaac) — G. Maddux, 
Atlanta 19-4 52ft 25ft Naagla Atlanta, 20- 
ft 50ft 2J97) Estea 5an Frandsca 19-ft 592, 
3.1ft KDa Houston 19-7, .731, 257; Rutter, 


San Fnmdscn 134, 68ft 14ft P. JAtaMnez, 
MomreoL 17-8. 68ft i.9ft Giavlna Aitoma 
74-7, 667,2.96/ rCJBrmtn Barida 76ft 667, 
269. 

STRIKEOUTS— ScMUng. PhBadeipMa 
31ft P, JMoritnez. Montreal 305; Smoltz, 
Atlanta, 241; Noma Lm Angstoa 23ft KBa 
Houston. 20ft K. J Bnmrtv Florida 205; A. 
Fomandez, Rortda 181 
SAVES— Shaw. Cincinnati 42; ttofftaoa. 
San Dlogn 37/ Beck. San Frandscn 37, 
JoFranca New York, 36; EcUrstoy.St Louto, 
36; Non Ftorida3StTo1Mirraft Los Angttes. 
3ft 


NAIMMUUl CONmmCi 
CAST 


Postseason Baseball 


MVmONMSStt 

AUBHCAN LEAGUE 
BAITNORI U*. MATTLE 
OcL 1 Battfmoro at Seallta 8A7 pJn.* 

Od. 1 Bafltmon at Seattia. ft-07 ftm. 

Oct. ft Seattle at Bathroom TBA 
Dd. ft Seattle at Bathroom U necessray 
Od. ft Seattle at Battbnom H necessay 

CLEVELAND VS. NEW YORK 
Sept 3ft Oevetond at New Yaito &l 3 pjn. 
Od. 2. Ctewekmd at Nee/ York, 8:13 pjn. 

Od. ft New York at Cleveland TBA 
Ddft New York at Oevetond tf iiecamary 
Od. ft New Ydtk at Oevetond If necessary 

NATIONAL LEAOUE 
ATLANTA V*. HDUBTON 

Sept 3ft Houston at Attantn 1 dJ7 am. 

Oct. I, Houston at Atlanta. 1:07 pjn. 

Od. 3, Aitonta at Houston TBA 
Od. ft Atlanta at Houston H necessary 
Od. 5, AHernla at Houston, If necessary 
BAN HtANCMCO Vft FLOWtOA 
Sept 3ft San Frarntta at Florida, 4d)7 p.m. 
Od; 1, San Randsen at Raritfd ddttpjn. 
Od. 3, Harida at 5an Frandsco TBA 
Od. ft Florida at San Frandscn If mcassary 
Od. ft Florida at San Frandscn If necessary 



w 

L 

T 

Pd 

PF 

PA 

DaBas 

3 

1 

0 

.750 

107 

55 

Washington 

3 

1 

a 

J30 

80 

49 

MY. (Hants 

2 

3 

0 

600 

84 

103 

Arizona 

1 

3 

0 

-250 

77 

84 

PModefphki 

1 3 0 

CtHTRAL 

550 

66 

89 

Tampa Bay 

5 

0 

ouooo 

1U 

76 

Detroit 

3 

2 

0 

600 

120 

98 

Green Bay 

3 

2 

0 

600 

m 

110 

Mlnnesata 

3 

2 

0 

600 

135 

122 

CMcoga 

0 5 
WEST 

0 

JXU 

61 

155 

San Frandsco 

3 

1 

0 

.750 

88 

39 

Caralno 

2 

2 

0 

500 

59 

72 

St Louis 

2 

3 

0 

600 

94 

112 

New Orleans 

1 

4 

0 

200 

81 

122 

Attonto 

0 

S 

0 

600 

B2 

136 


Georgia Tech 2ft Mkntuind St. 1ft 
OktaMma St. 19, PBtalwgh 19. Kansas 1ft 
Wbd Vftgtoto Ift wyamtog )2 Seuttiem CU 
11, Texnsft Toledo ft Colorado St. ft Oregon ft 
Purdue ft N-Corotow St ft Arkansas 2. 


RUGBY UNION 


CFL Standi nob 


BAnBBN B4V1BION 

W L T PF PA PIS. 
x-Turanto 12 2 0 24 500 243 

X-Montroflj 10 4 0 20 374 403 

Winnipeg 3 11 0 6 327 451 

Hamilton 1 13 0 2 284 441 


Tampa Bay 19, Arizona 18 
Denver 29. Attonto 21 
Detroit 2ft Green Bay 15 
Pittsburgh 37, Tennessee 24 
Washington 2ft Jock aonvflla 12 
New Yorit fflants lft New Orisons 9 
San Diego 21, BaMmare 17 
Da Bas 27, Chicago} 

New York Jets 31, Ondnnaff 14 
Oakland 35, St Louis 17 
Kansas CBy El Seattle 17, OT 
Minnesota 28. PhBodalptita 19 
Open dale: Buffalo, Indianapolis, Miami 
New England 


British Columbia 8 6 0 16 391 380 

x-Calgory 8 6 0 16 396 331 

Edmonton 8 6 0 16 346 340 

Saskatchewan 6 8 0 12 327 356 

x-dtodied ptayaff berth 

Sunday? rasutts 
Toronto 41, Winnipeg 9 
Saskatchewan 29, Edmonton T5 
Calgary 4ft Montreal 22 


OftOUPA 

STANDINGS! TouklUSb FRUKft 6 POMft- 
Lekestab EngtandA Letostar, lietond 2 Ml- 
km Italy, 2. 

□now a 

standings: Waspft England 8 paints/ 
Glasgow, Scotland 4) Swansea Wales. 2 1 
Li brier, lietond 2. 

anoupc 

n-AMDHKMc Baflv England 8 points; 
Brive, Franca 5; Pontypridd WOtos, ft Scot- 
tish Barden 0. 

GROUP D 


Hariequinft England 8 points; Cardiff, 
Wales, ft Munster, Ireland ft Boorgohv 
Franc* ft 

ORDUPt 

stanzhhos: Pou, France, 6 points; 
Daneift Wales, 6r Treviso. Itaty, ft Caledonia 
Scotland, 2. 


CE HOCKEY 


NHL Preseasom 


bun day’s Bisatrs 

Tampa Bayft Detroit 1 
Chicago 4 St. Louis 0 
Calgary ft Edmonton 1 


Thr AP Top 28 


The Tbp twenty Wve teams In The 
Aeeooieisd Praea adage taatbal pofl, wtti 
flre H z to a* vatoe In pera m n e ees, raaarde 
through Bept. 37, total patam beaed an K 
palm farflttt pieae vote thrautfiane paint 


feCONN 


*>AD times EST. 






tor ■ wn piece vote m provtoue rsraong: 

Raoul Pis Pv 








1. Florida £36) 

2. Perm St OS) 
ft Nebraska £6) 

44 

U04 

1673 

1606 


FOOTBALL 

■ 

34 

34 

NFL Stan DM as 


4, Florida St (1) 

5. North Caroftta (2) 

3-0 

44 

1529 

1683 





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6. Michigan 

7. Ohio St 
&. Auburn 

34 

1604 

1585 

U15 


CAST 




44 

44 



w 

L 

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Pd. 

PF 

PA 

9.Tanmsaae 

2-1 

LI 50 


NewEngkmd 

4 

0 

01600 

130 

40 

10. Washington 

2-1 

1,111 

10 

N.Y. Jets 

3 

2 

0 

600 

141 

94 

11 , Iowa 

44 

1.103 


Buffalo 

2 

2 

0 

500 

94 

113 

1ft Michigan St. 

34 

967 


Miami 

2 

2 

0 

500 

71 

77 

1ft LSU 

3-1 

847 


IndfanapaBs 

a 

4 

0 

600 

54 

115 

TAVbgMaTedi 

44 

828 



CEHTRAL 




15. Washington St. 

44 

818 


Jacksonvflle 

3 

1 

0 

250 

110 

85 

IftCaiarado 

2-1 

637 


BaMmare 

3 

2 

0 

600 

127 

92 

17. Kansas St 

34 

563 


Ptttsbuigh 

2 

2 

0 

500 

79 

104 

18. Georgia 

34 

513 

19 

Ctndnnatl 

1 

3 

0 

250 

68 

113 

T9. Stanford 

3-1 

458 

20 

Tennessee 

1 

3 

0 

250 

71 

no 

20l Alabama 

3-1 

407 

21 


WEST 





21. Tezas AM 

34 

388 

22 

Denver 

5 

0 

01600 

156 

72 

2ft UCLA 

2-2 

276 

» 

Kansas City 

4 

1 

0 

600 

108 

93 

2ft Air Fores 

54 

202 

— 

Oakland 

2 

3 

0 

600 

161 

123 

2ft Brigham Young 

2-1 

186 

Z3 

San Diego 

2 

3 

0 

600 

77 

116 

25. Arizona St 

3-1 

168 

25 

Seethe 

2 

3 

0 

600 

91 

121 

Others receiving 

votes: 

Qamson 

4ft 


70- 68-72-66—276 
69-69-69-69—276 
67-7069-70—276 

71- 606949—277 

7046- 71-70-277 

7047- 68-72—277 
7071-7047-278 
70714948—278 
66-724949— 27B 
6947-72-70-278 


Snores at 81 J mBHan ELC. Open an LBM- 
yorri, par-72 oourae in EncOcott N.Y. : 
Gobriel HferiStodbSwe. 706946-70-275 
LeeRtnkeoU5. 

Chris Perry, U 5. 

Andrew Mage* U5. 

Richard Groan, Austri. 

Brace FtoWwb U5. 

Robert Gamez. U5. 

Dick Must U^. 

Bradley HughSftAnM. 

Dave Stockton, U5. 

Grant Watte M-ZeaL 

WORLD DAN KHMB 

I. Greg Norman, AustruOa.il 54 points 
ft Tiger Woodft U5.T158 
ft Ernie Els, South Africa 9JS 
ft Nick Prim Zimbabwe, 957 

5. Tom Lehman, ILS. 857 

6. Colin Montgomerie, Britain, 853 

7. PMMkMsan, U5. 852 

8. MasasM OzakL Japan, 85)9 

9. Marie O'Meara, U5. 750 
HL Davis Love III U5. 769 

II. Justta Leonard, U5.7JI7 
1ft 5caft Hodt, U5. 655 
11 Fred Couples, UA 073 

14. Sieve EUdngtorv AustroHa 663 

15. Nick Faldo, Britain, 652 


■HUIUM HRST MVMMN 

Zaragoza 2 Compasteta 2 
Real Bafts 1 OvisdoT 
Tonsrifc 1 Mallorca 6 
BTANDmaDi Barcelona 12 point* Mol- 
loraa 10; Root Madrid lft CahaVlooftTenoftfe 
7) Ovtotto 6r Rial Soetodad ft Racing San- 
Imdarft Aflsflca Madrid ft Deporttvo Coruna 
Sr Eapanyalft CampasMaftZBraganft Raaj 
Batts Si AlWatlc Bilbao ft Salamanca 4i Markta 
1; Vatonda ft Sporting GQan Or VrAxtoH ft 
MAJO R 8HIDUR BO MO 
Cotumbosft Tampa Bay 1 
N sw York-New Jersey! Washington DJL1 
Loe Angeles ft Kansas aty a 
Csiaraito ft San Jose l 
tamdw qu: Eastuin Coofj x-OXL 55 
patntu y-Tampa Bay 45/ y-Cotumbus 39; y- 
New England 37) NY-NJ 35. Weston* C e ni .: 
xy-Ka rtsas City 49 points;/- Lot Angeles4fty. 
Dallas 42; yGotorado 38; San Jose 30. 
frwon conference IM* y-won playoff spat 
PtAYOfP* 

EASTERN CONFERENCE 
NEW ENGLAND VS. DO. 

Oct 5, New Enghml at DJL 
Ocf. ft DX. at New England 
OcL 1 ft New Eng land atlftC, If neaossaiy 
COLUMBUS VS. TAMPA BAY 
Oct. 5. Coiombus at Tampa Bay 
Od ft Taaipa Bay at Columbus 
Oct 1 1, Columbus at Tampa Bay 
WESTERN CONFERENCE 
COLORADO VS. KANSAS CITY 
Od ft Colorado at Kansas Ctty 
Od 8, Kansas Ctty otCMwado 
Od 12. Colorado aUCmmi Ot* V necessary 
DALLAS VS. LOS ANae.ES 
Od 5, Data* at Los Angeles 
Od ft Los Angeiee at Dallas 
Od. 1 1, Dallas at Loa Angstas. ff necessary 




; DENNIS THE MENACE 

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CALVIN AND HOBBES 



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PAGE 26 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 80, 1997 


ART BUCHWALD 


Whiting for Chelsea 



W ASHINGTON — A 
scene like this is talcing 
place all over America: 

“Any news from Chel- 
sea?” 

“No, we haven’t heard 
from her since she checked in 
to schooL" 

“Maybe we 
should call.” 

“We prom- 
ised we would- 
n't do that. She 
wants to be 
treated like a 
normal stu- 
dent" n 

“That’s easy Buchwald 

far her to say. What about us? 
We’re her parents. We’re the 
ones who are suffering.” 

“Maybe we could send her 
an e-mail through die Army 
Signal Corns. That isn’t really 
bothering her.” 

“It’s a good idea. I’ll get 
the CIA on it right away. I 
wonder if she’s having tronble 
in chemistry. She always had 
difficulty with chemistry.” 


"Should we get her a tu- 
tor?” 

"She would be angry if we 
got hera tutor. I think whar she 
really needs is food. The Stu- 
dent Union chow is awful. ’ * 
“She said not to send her 


Documenta X Ha a 
Record Attendance 

Agmce Franct‘Prrise 
KASSEL, Germany — 
Documenta X, one of 
Europe's leading art shows, 
has notched up a record 

630.000 visitors, organizers 
said on its final day. 

This year's show outdrew 
the previous exhibition, in 
1992, which recorded 

609.000 entrants. Documenta 
XI will be held in 2002. also 
in this central German citv. 


any food because the other 
kids would think she was put- 
ting on airs.” 

“Maybe if we call we can 
drop a word in her voice mail. 
That way she won’t think 
we’re worried about her.” 

“What I worry about are 
the boys at her school. They 
looked awfully scruffy in the 
catalogue.” 

"She promised us she 
wouldn't go out with any 
scruffy boys." 

"The ones we think are 
scruffy arc a lot less scruffy 
than the ones she thinks are 
scruffy." 


”1 wonder if she got the 
brownies I made for her.” 

“Kids never thank you for 
brownies. To them it’s like 
soldiers getting K-rations.” 

“We could watch the foot- 
ball game this Saturday. She 
might be in the stands.” 

“What worries me is that 
she forgot all about vs. To her 
we were just a foster home 
she lived m for 18 years.” 

”1 hope she got the pillow. 
She needs one with goose 
feathers in it.” 

”1 know the thing she 
needs the most is a Master- 
Card." 

"Why do you say that?” 

* ‘Most college students say 
if they had the choice of any- 
thing in die world it would be 
a credit card.” 

“I didn’t have a credit card 
when I went to school.” 

“That’s because you 
didn’t have parents who cared 
about you. 1 can't take it any- 
more. I’m going to call.” 

“I’ll get on the other 
phone.” 

“It says she's talking to 
someone else, and we should 
leave our name and she’ll get 
back to us.” 

“Don't leave a message. 
She’ll think all we do is worry 
about her.” 


German Artists on the Front Line of History 


By William Drozdiak 

]jM|Ww Pea Service 

B ERLIN — For much of this 
century, Germany’s artists 
have struggled on the front lines of 
contemporary history. They woe 
the first victims of Nazi 


tion and later spearheaded the quest 
far freedom in Communist cast 
Germany. In the West, they served 
as a moral conscience, warning 
about materialist excess and the 

^Ehit the ulnmate*chellenge has 
always been embedded in their 
work. Can it be within the realm of 
human potential to depict the 
chilling scope of Nazi crimes, the 
agony of toe gas chambers, die 
resurrection from wartime devast- 
ation, the spooky ironies of the 
Cold War, ihe maddening ques- 
tions of generational guilt ana the 
reconciliation of a divided nation? 

Nearly eight years after the fall 
of the Berlin Wall, the first attempt 
to comprehend the role and effect 
of German artists throughout the 
turbulent events of the 20th century 
has been drawing large crowds to a 
monumental exhibition entitled 
“German Images: Art from a Di- 
vided Land.” 

The show malms clear that artists 
in Germany, far from being passive 
aesthetes, have been key actors in 
the vanguard of historical forces 
prope lling their nati on through 
phases of triumph and torment — 
including the flourishing cultural 
scene in 1920s Berlin, the dark days 
of Nazi dictatorship and World War 
IL the sundering of the nation by an 
Iron Curtain and now the uncertain 
destiny of a reunited Germany. 

The exhibition, curated by Eck- 
hart Gillen and Rudolf Zwimer, 
features nearly 500 works by 80 of 
this century’s finest artists from 
both eastern and western Germany. 
The collection has been assembled 
in the Martin Gropius museum — a 
setting at the epicenter of modem 
German history. The site is along 
the death strip bordering the Wall 
that split the city for 28 years and 
overlooks the former Gestapo 


from 

wtuen Adolf Hitler's 
reign of tenor was or- 
chestrated. 

What is most striking 
about this retrospective 
is bow often Germany’s 
painters and sculptors 
foreshadowed history’s 
vrii icfl l turning points in 
their waik. They showed 
remarkable prescience, 
putting their fingers on 
the issues that would ob- 
sess a divided notion: the 
prewar angst, the post 
war guilt, me moral void 
at the heart of the West's 
consumer society and 
the East's reluctance to 
confront hard troths, 

“The division of 
Germany and Europe 
really began in 1933, 
when Hitler came to 
power and started ban- 
ishing artists like Max 
Beckmann and Paul 
Klee from positions of 
influence,” Gillen said. 

“Artists were forced to 
conform, leave the 
country or withdraw into them- 
selves in what they called ' inner 
exile.' 

“The Nazi attacks on the artists 
first signaled (he decline into' to- 
talitarian dictatorship that s ha ped 
events in Germany and die rest of 
the Continent nnwi the Soviet em- 
pire collapsed 60 years later.” 

The signs of oppression and war 
looming on the horizon are evident 
in works by Beckmann, Klee and 
Max Erast just' after they were 
banned by the Nazis as degener- 
ates. Beckmann’s bronze sculpture 
‘ ‘Man in the Dark” shows ahuman 
figure groping aimlessly in a state 
of foreboding, while Klee’s 
“Stricken From the List” depicts 
his alienation after he was dis- 
missed from his tea filling post 

By 1937, Erast painted his fa- 
mous “House Angel” — a ref- 
erence to the token portrait of 
Hitler that Germans were required 
to keep in their homes. It shows a 



izi legacy WU 
list 


talk about a Nwi _ . 
in the communist wotfc? 1 
er$’ paradise, 
vailing anitiid 6 tin 
west was to set aside un-* 
comfortable notions of- 
guilt and concentrate on > 
consumer affluence. 

But Baselitz and other 
artists were determined - 
to make fellow Germans " 
come to terms wife feej 
past and fee Inclination 
to suppress fee ngUesT 
ports of history. That 
quest infuses the work of 
Anselm Kiefer, sut* as. 
his painting of Ger- 
many's Spiritual He- 
roes,” ana also can be 
‘ in fee irony of 


glimpsed in 
Martin Ki] 




monstrous, ox-like figure that lays 
waste to everything in its path, and 
fee bleak German landscape hints 
at fee destruction that Nazi ag- 
ion ultimately would pro- 


Max Ernst's “House Angel” mocks the official portraits of Adolf Hitler. 

ism. This discontent, which would 
culminate in the 1968 student riots 
in Germany and France, became a 
hallmark of such avant-garde 
works as “Economic Assets” by 
Joseph Beuys, a Dusseldorf artist 
who later helped found the Green 
Party. 

The erection of the Berlin Wall 
in 1961 brought a new chill to fee 
Cold War. For artists in both east 
and west, fee event was a second 
“Zero Hour” that seemed to por- 
tend an eternal division of their 
country. Butthe 1960s also brought 
a new reckoning wife the past as fee 
postwar generation began ques- 
tioning the roles of their parents in 
the war. 


The works from immediately 
after the war show foe first ten- 
tative efforts to cope with foe 
grisly testimony of concentration 
camps and prisoners of war com- 
pounds. Fran both east and west, 
works are characterized by a dark 
motif that suggests a long night has 
settled over Germany. Hans 
Gnmdig’s 1946 painting “To foe 
Vic tims of Fascism” and Otto 
Dix’s “Job” of foe same year de- 

S ict foe immense suffering that 
ngered even after foe guns were 
silenced. 

During the 1950s, as West and 
East Germany went their separate 
ways, the nascent prosperity of the 
“economic miracle” sparked are- 
volt against mindless consumer- 


Georg Baselitz.' who had grown 
up in foe east but fled in 1962, 
shocked the nation with his violent 
painting “The Big Night Down foe 
Toilet,” with its powerful allusions 
to foe Hitler Youth. While fee east 
had long insisted there could be no 


painting titled “For the 
Life of Me, I Can’t Find 
Any Swastikas.” 

Besides their crusade 
to confront guilt about 
fee Nazi era, Germany's ' 
artists also played a spe- 
cial role in building 
bridges across the east] 
— west divide. Among' 
dissidents in fee east, A.R. Penck’s 
stick figures crossing burning 
bridges or holding up placards 
bearing disturbing questions __ 
evoked sympathy and support’ 
a mong his p ee rs in the west. He' 
formed a close friendship wife fee 
western painter Joerg Immendorff, - 
an d foe partnership became famous 
through such works as “Cafe 
Deutschland,” which anticipated, 
the breach in foe Wall that would ' 
culminate in German reunifica- 
tion. > 

“Where Germany proceeds at * 
this stage, both in terms of art and 1 
its political future, remains any- 
body's guess,’ ' said Gillen. ‘ ‘There 
is a sense of confusion and loss of, 
direction in Germany's current art- 
scene that is also reflected in the 

g ilitical and economic situation.' 

ut we should not expect artists to . ■ 
provide foe answers. We only 
should look to them to raise the’- 
important questions.” 


MUSIC 


PEOPLE 


By Jon Parelcs 

New York Timel Srrviee 


Top-Notch Bob Dylan: Not Hiding Any Bruises 

“A lot of people don’t like the road,” he 
lays, “but it’s as natural to me as breathing. I 
do it because I’m driven to do it, and I either 
hate it or love it I’m mortified to be on the 
stage, but then again, it’s the only place where 
Vm happy. It’s the only place you can be who 
you want to be. You can't be who you want to 
be in daily life. I don't care who you are, 
you're going to be disappointed in daily life. 
But foe cure-all for all that is to get on the 



S ANTA MONICA, California — Bob 
Dylan can barely sit still. He pulls at his 
curly hair, fidgets with his black T-shirt, con- 
stantly shifts position on a comfortable couch. 

Sitting in nis publicist's oceanside hotel 
suite for a rare interview, the songwriter who 
transformed rock is in a jovial mood. He’s 
wearing two-tone patent-leather shoes, 
there’s a twinkle in his blue eyes, and he 
smiles easily and often. 

Dylan is proud of his new album, “Time 
Out of Mina,” and rightfully so. The album, 
to be released in foe United States on Tuesday, 
is far and away his best sustained work since 
the mid-1970s; it reaches the exalted level of 
“Blood on the Tracks.” 

His new songs — his first set of them since 
1990 — are embittered, heartsick and weary: 

“When you think that you've lost everything, 
you find out you can always lose a little 
more," he sings in a rasping voice whose 
familiar cracks have become potholes. 

It’s foe voice of a 56-year-old man who's 

not hiding any of his bruises. Yet the character *iu< 

who runs through all foe songs on the album Dylan, poet, rebel and Innovator across four decades, 
seems nothing like the relaxed, buoyant song- 
writer who’s talking about them. Asked who the 



says. 1 ’I can be jubilant one moment and pensive 
the next, and a cloud could go by and make that 
happen. I’m inconsistent, even to myself.” 

During a recording career that now spans 35 
years, Dylan has been a cornucopia of inconsistency. 
Visionary and crank, innovator and conservator, 
irritant and stimulant, skeptic and proselytizer, rebel 
and sellout, pathfinder and tost patrol: Dylan has 
been all of those things, and many more. 

He may well be the most restless figure in rock 
history, constitutionally incapable of doing the 


lately by his son Jakob’s band, foe Wallflowers. 
Through the 1970s and 1980s, Dylan followed 
more wayward, less reliable inspirations. He cre- 
ated the rock ’n* roll caravan called Rolling Thun- 
der. He embraced bom-again Christianity and then 
returned to Judaism. 

He toured with foe Grateful Dead and Tom 
Petty’s Heartbreakers, and he sold his anthem "The 
Times They Are a-Changin’ ” so it could be used in 
an accounting firm's commercial. 

Since his bitter divorce from foe former Sara 
Lowndes in the late 1970s, which left her with 
custody of her five children, including the four they 
had bad together, he has had a home in Malibu, 


stage, and feat’s why performers do it." 

During the 1990s, touring wife his best 
group since he was backed by fee Band, Dylan 
□as garnered a new audience. His shows a 
decade ago, often yelled or sung in a mono- 
tone, exasperated even longtime fans. But at 
Dylan concerts lately, collegiate types in fee 
tic-dyed shirts of Deadheads have joined bald- 
ing baby-boomer loyalists. Audiences re- 
spond to the blues and country roots of h is 
band and to Dylan’s mercurial, improvisatory 
side, knowing he sings his songs differently at 
every show. 

“I like those people who come to see me 
now,” Dylan says. ‘They’re not aware of my 
early days, but I'm glad of that. It lifts that 
burden of responsibility, of having to play 
everything exactly like it was on some certain 
record, I can't do that. Which way tho wind is 


A VOW by Ted Turner to 
zx pressure fee wealthy 
Americans Into being more 
charitable comes as the ranks 
of billionaires are swelling, 
Forbes magazine laid in re- 
leesing its annual ranking of 
the 400 richest people in the 
United States. Bill Gato, Mi- 
crosoft Corp.'s chairman, tops 
fee list for the fourth consec- 
utive year, again followed by 
the venerable Investor War- 
ren Buffett. Gates’s net worfo 
mere than doubled, to $39.8 
billion, last year, while Buffett 
gained $6 billion, climbing to 
$21 billion. Turner, who be- 
lieves the highly publicized 
list is one thing feat keeps 
people from donating money 
to charity, ranks 28th at $3.5 
billion, just below foe finan- 
cier George Soros, one of the 
world's foremost philanthrop- 
ists. Turner this month 
pledged $1 billion to create a 
new foundation to benefit UN 
causes and said he would call 



Agmor Rnc^ne 

NIGHT FEVER — Steve Barton and Cornelia Zenz 
in rehearsals for Roman Polanski’s musical based on 
his film “The Fearless Vampire Killers.” The play 
will have Its world premiere in Vienna on Saturday;. 


that. It lifts that or write every rich person to 

. He said he intended to push 


wayt 
: diffe 


ipai 

same thing wice. Apparently he meant it when he reactions to 


sang, in ivo.\ that artists "don't look back.” 
* ‘Time Out of Mind* ‘ is a typical Dylan album only 
because it eludes expectations. 


California, and kept his private life private. But his 
pple, id J '*■ JJ L 


ideas and the world have re- 


sounded in hiTsongs, 

Year in and year out, almost constantly since 
1988, Dylan has hit the road. He has become an 


•cause It eludes expectations. iyoo, t/ynui nos nu inc ruaa. nc nas wcome ui 

In foe 1960s, Dylan taught folk singers how to itinerant musician Uke foe blucsmen and hillbilly 
transcend the topical, then taught rock songwriters troubadours who were his musical education, al- 
how to think about something more than the next 


romance. Casually, he 

rock, country rock and what’s now 


whole genres: folk 
called Amer- 


icana. 

Even facet of his 1960s music has been imitated. 


though his endless tour includes dates like the 1993 
inaugural celebration for Bill Clinton and his show 
Saturday in Bologna, Italy, before foe Pope. “Night 
or day, ft doesn’t matter where I go anymore, I just 
go . ” he sings in ' ‘Can't Wait ’ * 


blowing, they 're going to come out different every 
time, but the intent is going to be the same.” 

“Time Out of Mina" (Columbia) is bleak and 
riveting. Its 1 1 songs are about foe loneliness, anger 
and desolation of lost love, and about looming 
mortality. (The album was recorded before Dylan 
was hospitalized over the summer with a life- 
threatening heart infection.) 

“I’ve been walking through foe middle of 
nowhere, trying to get to heaven before they close 
foe door,” Dylan sings. He has rarely sounded 
optimistic; spite and self-righteous contempt an- 
imate many of his best songs. But “Time Out of 
Mind” provides fewer comforts than ever. 

Many of foe songs echo the chord structures of 
1960s classics Uke "Ballad of a Thin Man” and 
“Just Like a Woman,” but with foe youthful cock- 
iness of those sessions turned inside out. Instruments 
enter one by one, feeUng their way into the tunes as 
if they're sneaking into a speakeasy jam session. 

Yet foe impromptu, unsettled sound is a very 
deliberate choice. ,f I wasn’t interested in making a 
record that took the songs and made them into a 
contemporary setting,” Dylan says. “My music, 
my songs, they have very little to do with tech- 
nology. They either work or they don’t work.” 


raise more money, 
himself down on the Forbes list with the’ UN 
plcdgo. Even minus $1 billion, Turner would 
still Bo among tho 170 billionaires on tho list, 
up from 135 last year. Rounding out the top 
five are Microsoft’s co-founder. Paul Alien 
($17 billion); Oracle Crop, chairman Larry 
Ellison ($9.2 billion), ana Intel Corp. chair- 
man Gordon Moore (S8.8 billion). 

□ 

Luciano Pavarotti is not foe man he was 
since he learned of the death of his friend 
Diana, Princess of Wales, a member of his 
entourage said. The source told the Sunday 
Telegraph, “I’ve never known him like this.’ ’ 
Pavarotti said as much himself, in an in- 


mtilion. The house in Beverly Hills, Cali- 
fornia, owned by Stewart for nearly 50 years, ' 
has five bedrooms, staff quarters and a three? 
bedroom guest house. The actor was 89 when 
he died on July 2, 

□ 

Dudley Moore is recovering from surgery 
to repair a blocked artery and a hole in ms 
heart Moore, foe star of “ 10” and “Arthur,” 
is “doing quite well, and he is expected to 
make a full and complete recovery/' said bis 

f iublicist, Michelle Been. He is ex 
eavethe ho; 


legs. He is expected to 
next week and should fully 
recover in a few months, she said. 



companion 

to London, the singer 


A regular dinner 
whenever he traveled 
said, ‘ *1 knew her os the sweetest of people. I 
knew her as a person who was the symbol of 
the modem woman.” 


Diana Golden Ei 


tion 


Trainspotting.’ 1 
phebe award for foe best nc . 

for film or a literary work, the book by : 

Welsh on which foe film about the youth 
heroin culture in Scotland is based. 


idopta 
by Irvine 


□ 


□ 

. Arnold Schwarzenegger and Marla 

The longtime home of the late Jimmy Sbriver have another son. The film star and TV 
Stewart has been put on the market for $6.7 journalist now have two boys and two girls. 



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