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I — 

Front Richard Ford, Portadown 

Hundreds of rioting 
“loyalists?* clashed with the 
security forces yesterday m 
Portadown, Co Armagh, in 
angry, protest against the 
Government's decision to' ban 
a big ■ Protestant parade 
through the town. 

The police and soldiers 
came under frequent ami vi- 
cious attacks throughout a day 
during WWch tensions in- the 
town ran high as security' 
forces virtually sealed it off in 
nn effort to prevent thousands 
of loyalists arriving to 

A total or 38 people were 
injured including: 10 police 
officers who were in hospital 
last night with serious injuries. 
Many of the 'others injured 
suffered, wounds after being 
hit by plastic bullets fired at 
the . rioters by the police 
dressed in riot gear. 

One of the non-police vic- 
tims is serioudy ill with a 
fractured skull and ruptured 
lung. Such was loyalist anger 
that at Craigavon Area Hospi- 
tal nurses and doctors -had to 
restrain relatives .of the . in- 
jured from attacking two /po- 
lice officers in the casoaly 

supporters -front marching 
mid the town centre. ‘ 

With the Array standing at 
the ready, youths hurled 
bncks at, ; the police, while 
" middleaged men and women 
screamed abuse and lauded 
at the predicament of the 

Eventually . the security 
-forces drove, the rioters away 
from the town centre. 

. In the afternoon the most 
serious disturbances were at 
the junction of a street leading 
to a Roman Catholic area. The 

Leading article 


police came under sustained 
attack and replied by firing 
dozens of plastic bullets into 
the crowd. 

- As the rioting continued, 
familes with children stood 
laughing and joking on street 

were flown to the town by 
helicopter in the afternoon to 
provide reinforce entrances to 
roads leading to Roman Cath- 
olic areas amid fears that 
loyalists would try to get into 
■Catholic streets. 

Elsewhere in the province 
there were brief skirmishes 
with the police during two 
other -Apprentice Boys pa- 
rades at Aughnacloy in Co 
Tyrone and in Belfast. A 
parade in Faintfidd, Co Down 
passed peacefully. 

Early yesterday the RUC 
arrested 26 loyalists, including 
leading members of the para- 
military Ulster Defence Asso- 
ciation in raids on their 
homes. They were taken to 
Casilereagh holding centre 
where last night they were still 
being questioned by 
detectives. • 

However, it was the govern- 
ment decision to ban the 
parade in Portadown, ail- 

comers, youths smashed pav- 
ing stones to hurl at police - , . 

Laud Rovers and, as young- • nounced only 13 hours before 
sters taunted the RUC, older 20,000 Apprentice Boys had 

men sbouhed from the back of 
the crowds: “Go on, give it to 
the bastards". 

Thousands of people milled 
aimlessly through the town's 
streets for most of the day and 
by early.eyening the RUC had 
fired 125 plastic baton, rounds 
at rioters, many of whom wore 
masks and combat jackets and 
carried Union Jacks. 

The police, who had sealed 
off pans of the town’s- shop- 
ping centre with huge concrete 
bollards .and. chains, were 
pelted withrStones, bottles and 
tin cans. . . 

The first attackscame m the 
Ri^^ann of 

There were cheers whenever 
a police Land Rover was hit 
and other spectators barged to 
the front - to watch the 

- Loyalist Apprentice Boys in 
their insignia stood aside as 
hooligans smashed shop win- 
dows and puHed makeshift 
barricades across the main 
street. As bands marched 
along the street , to cries of 
“victory*’, the barricades were 
lit and later a drapery, store 

was set .alight 

The,pohce backed by hun- 
dreds w soldiers . drafted into . 
rite town had charily decided 
to allow handsfo march in die 

-. main street Respite rbe #>v- 


Land Royers su^d an Ap- .fades 
prentice Boys bandvaod its -.'-A 'extra -froops 

planned to march along 
route passing three Roman 
Catholic bousing estates, that 
infuriated loyalists and has 
probably set the tone for 
Ulster’s traditional summer 
marching season. 

The police stopped buses 
bringing bands to the town on 
the Ml motorway and in 
Belfast loyalists were prevent- 
ed from boarding trains to 
take them to Portadown. Bus- 
es hired for the occasion were 

Hours after the ban was 
announced late on Sunday 
night. 3,000 loyalists led by 
the Rev Ian Paisley and his 
deputy, Mr ft ter Robinson, 
defied the Government and 
marched along the route. 

There were dashes between 
loyalists and nationalists on a 
rreid bordering Roman Cstho- 

; Ototmaeti on page 

M : 

Widow dies as 
blaze sweeps 
Hampton Court 



















The Queen with Lord Maclean, the Steward rtf Hampton Court, inspecting the damage after 
the fire at the palace yesterday (Photograph: John Voos). 

GLC bids 
farewell to 


Waiting for 
five Colonel 

How a British 
journalist, guest of 
Gadaffi at an anti- 
conference, found 
himself under arrest 

Meeting fire 
with fire 

Street violence: 
return of 
the vigilante 

The Times Portfolio competi- 
tion resumes today with the 
daily prize of £2.000. Portfolio 

list, page 22; the rotes and how 

to (day, information service, 
page 16. 

Express deal 

Express Newspapers has 
agreed job cuts and changes in 
working practices with all 
unions. More than 2,500 of 
the 6.800 staff will lake redun- 
- or early retirement, 
rs defaces, page 2 

Howe pledge 

Sir Geoffrey Howe,, the For- 
eign Secretary, who is 
Delhi, said Britain was willing 
to make it easier to extradite 
terrorists to India Pag® * 

Soviet tirade 

Superpower squabbling wors- 
ened with an attack by Mr 
Gorbachov on the Reagan 
Administration and an anti- 
US tirade over the supply or 
missiles to rebels Page 7 

HanieNe"* M 
Overseas 5*® 
Am , I® 
Writs, deaths. 
murines M 

£&. .7-2 
march M 
C«mt 14 

gw*J JJ: 

EwrtW » 

Peusres 10-12 
Uv Report 28 
Leaders 13 

Letters .. 13 

Obituary 14 

*5* >4 

tains, etc 31 
TVARm&b J1 
Uunenitics I* 
Wetttec.. j< 

scat ... ... : ?4 

•it kak 

Police in 
site battle 

Wackersdorf (Reuter) — Po- 
lice yesterday turned water- 
jets laced with tear gas on anti- 
nuclear demonstrators at the 
planned site of West 
Germany's fust nuclear repro- 
cessing plant 

- A spokesman said water 
cartoon were trained on pro- 
testers throwing over 
the 9ft, 3.3-mile security fence 
around the Wackersdorf site 
near the border with 
r Czechoslovakia. 

; Police deployed 3,000 men 
in riot gear, 40 water-cannon 
trucks and 300 other vehicles 
at and around the construc- 
tion site after dashes on 

Organizers said more than 
100,000 people had come 
from all over the country in an 
attempt to stop the project 
which they say poses grave 
health and environmental 
hazards. Police put the num- 
ber at 30,000. 

The tense situation at 
WackersdorC the scene of 
repealed clashes since loggers 
^ began clearing the she late last 
year, was in sharp contrast to 
peaceful Easter marches in 
other parts of West Germany. 

Photograph, page 7 

166 killed 
in Mexico 
air crash 

From John Carlin 
Mexico City 

A Mexican commercial air- 
liner with 166 people on 
board, including eight crew 
members, crashed yesterday 
morning 100 miles west of 
Mexico City. An airline 
spokesman said all aboard the 
aircraft had died. 

The plane, a Boeing 727 
belonging to the large Mexican 
private airline Mexicana de 
Aviarion, was reported to 
have gone down in mountain- 
ous terrain near the town of 
Maravatio. Airport officials 
said helicopters had flown 
over the crash area for more 
than two hours before finding 
the wreckage. 

The Boeing was bound for 
the Pacific Ocean resort of 
Puerto Vail ana, one of the 
most popular resorts in Mexi- 
co for foreign tourists. The 
flight, Mexicana 940, was due 
to go on from Puerto VaJiarta 
10 Los Angeles. It had left 
Mexico City at 8.40am and 
crashed after 9.10am. 

The crash came at the end of 
one of the Mexico City 
airport's busiest-ever Easter 

By Hugh Clayton 

A ban ne- readin^- “We'*! 
meet agki'T’, facing the 
Houses of Parliament across 
the Thames, marked the final 
moments of the Greater Lon- 
don Council last night 
The mixture of threat and 
promise from Mr Ken Living' 
stone to the Prime Minister 
was the last of a series of 
taunts directed by the Labour- 
led GLC to its opponents in 
The slogan, which faced 
Westminster from the top of 
the GLC headquarters, is 
unlikely to survive the demise 
of the council far long. The 
massive building, with its five 
miles of corridors and hun- 
dreds of rooms, today becomes 
the property of the London 
Residuary Body. 

This body, a quango with a 
workforce of 4,000 compared 
with the 22.000 who worked 
for the GLC, has been created 
to take over the tasks and 
property of the defunct council 
for which no permanent home 
has been found. Its main role 
Is to work itself out of a job by 
clearing up everything left 
after abolition, including the 
council's massive 


Similar quangos have been 
created to complete the aboli- 
tion of the six Labour-led 
metropolitan county councils, 
which were also scrapped. 
From today, Tyne and Wear, 
Merseyside, West Midlands, 
South and West Yorkshire 
and Greater Manchester win 
exist only as postal addresses. 
Continued on page 2, col 5 

Shake-up may aid 
inner city pupils 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 
Plans for a nationwide net- deprived backgrounds, with 

Brighter outlook for world economy 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

which gn 

A more cheerful picture of 
the world's economic pros- 
pects is being given in fore: 
casts by economists at the 
Paris-based Organization for 
Economic Co-operation and 
Development . . 

The drop in the oil pnee is 
expected to boost output by 
1.5 per cent and cut inflation 
by 4.5 per cent The forecasts, 
which will be published m 

June, are expected to show 
that Japan and the EEC 
countries other than Britain 
do best om of the declining oil 

This is because their curren- 
cies have been rising starply 
s pins! the dollar, in which oil 
prices are quoted, thus giving 

them a sharp drop in the price 
iay for oil But the 

they pay 

at tbe OECD. 

oups the 24 most 
western industrial 
nations, gave a warning last 
December that a sharp drop in 
oil prices, well below $10 a 
barrel could cause problems. 

The possibility of that was 
raised yesterday by Dr Mana 
Saeed al Otaiba. the oil minis- 
’ter of the United Arab Emir- 

Substantial boost, page 17 

work of “Crown" schools, run 
directly by i*ic Government 
and concentred in Britain’s 
inner city areas, are gaining 
increasing support from Cabi- 
net ministers as part of the 
proposed shake-up of state 

With Mis Thatcher deter- 
mined to go into the next 
general election with a new 
and radical education policy', 
included in the Conservative 
manifesto, her senior col- 
leagues are talking of 50 to 60 
schools in the poorest areas 
being removed from local 
authority control being given 
better teachers, and being run 
from Whitehall in an attempt 
to restore standards and 

Ministers are now con- 
vinced, not least by their 
investigation into last year's 
inner city riots, that existing 
education policies in many 
worst- off areas have been a 

They believe schools are 
providing pupils, many from 

an inadequate chance of suc- 
ceeding when they leave. 

Crown schools would not 
only try to improve educa- 
tional standards but also to 
offer extra support to such 
pupils. A boarding element 
within the new set-up has not 
been ruled out. 

Ministers envisage that if 
the scheme was a success, and 
parents chose to send their 
children to Crown schools 
rather than comprehensives. 
there would be a powerful case 
tor the Government taking 
full control of the Slate 

Meanwhile Mr Douglas 
Hurd, Home Secretary, is 
considering whether £90 mil- 
lion given to local education 
authorities towards English 
teaching for immigrants can 
be spent more effectively. One 
idea is for the money to be 
given direct to community 
leaders who could set up their 
own courses. 

The Queen was 
shocked yesterday when she 
saw the wreckage of Hampton 
Court Palace altera fire which 
killed a general's widow and 
caused millions of pounds of 

The Queen, the Prince of 
Wales and Princess Margaret 
spent about 30 minutes in- 
specting the debris caused by 
the fire, which gutted a wing 
built by Sir Christopher Wren, 
destroyed valuable works of 
art and severely damaged state 

The fire started above the 
palace's Cartoon Gallery, 
where Lady Gale, aged 86. the 
widow of Genera] Sir Richard 
Gale, lived in a "grace and 
favour" apartment. Her body 
was found in her top-floor 
rooms, where she was in the 
habit of sitting by candlelight. 

Two feet away from where 
her body was discovered, the 
floor of her room and the 
building’s roof collapsed on to 
the gallery 40 ft below. 

Mr Gerald Drayton, the 
palace's works officer, said 
repairs would take millions of 
pounds and several years to 
complete. “You’re talking 
about another cathedral job. 
What has been burnt out is 
totally irreplaceable. It's a 
seventeenth century Wren 
building, and you can't just 
rebuild that." 

Two paintings were de- 
stroyed along with furniture 
and oak panelling, but most 
items were rapidly cleared. 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Secre- 
tary of State for the Environ- 
ment. who visited the palace 
while parts of the root were 
still collapsing, said his de- 
partment would pay for resto- 
ration. “Fortunately this 
country has craftsmen who 

By Colin Hughes 





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can make good this damage, h- 
and I'm afraid there is going to he 
be plenty of work for furniture of 
and picture restorers.” r 

Two smoke-blackened and es- 
water-drenched paintings, its' 

“The Field of the Goth of.*w ; 

Gold”, and a portrait of Henry m 
VIII and his family, were u- ‘ 
taken immediately to . 
restorers. io' 

The palace and its grounds, -ss 
which attracted 30,000 visL ill 
tors on Good Friday, arejly 
expected to be closed for a few jn T e 
days. in • r 

The fire was discovered by m ■ ■_ 
security staff at 5.45am. Six J - — 
elderly women — widows of ed y. «v ?• toc 
generals, diplomats and for- he : ' l!, nt L lf 
mer colonial service officials as 2T 
- were moved out of their top- to 
floor flats before 120 firemen m zr! 
from all over London and 1H 
Surrey arrived. re, ” 

Mr Toby JesseL MP for.-s.’ 

Twickenham, said the women id : * 
were “brave, spirited and -s. 1 

quite unflappable", and had ns 
quickly recovered from the to 

Palace staff attending them :y 
had been concerned that Lady io ■“ 

Gale, whose husband was is M 
Commander-in-Cbief of them t 
British Army of the Rhine in y- f 
the mid-1950s, “had become a- 
increasingly unable to fend for -n n t 
herself”. .f- "e 

One member of staff added; of a 
“She was in the habit of taking a- rp 
a drink at night by candlelight, iy 
and falling asleep sometimes _ 

al Sui 
x pu 
, Apr 



n bur 
*e ar 


ru h; 
3se i 

Some of the ladies had feared 
a fire might start” 

Mr Roy Snarey, the assis- 
tant chief fire officer in charge, 
compared the firefighting to 
finding a way through Hamp- 
ton Court's maze. He said the 
fire probably started two or 
Continued on page 16, col 1 

Luxury flat proposal 
for palace dropped 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 

The Government has 
dropped plans to cut the 
trading lossat Hampton Court 
palace by turning several its 
the historic rooms imo luxury- 

The idea was put forward a 
year ago as a way of bridging 
the gap between the £1 million 
raised in admission charges 
and the £3 million cost of 
running (he palace. 

Market research suggested 
that raising the £2 admission 
charge would simply cut the 
number of visitors, which has 
risen steadily to more than 
500,000 a year. 

Mr Tim Hornsby, under- 
secretary in charge of historic 
buildings at the Department 
of the Environ menu told MPs 

that it had proved difficult to 
let the 69 grace-and-favour 
flats. Only ]5 of the flats, 
reserved for widows of leading 
officers in the armed services, 
officials of the colonial service 
and dipomats. are occupied. 

The Department and Buck- 
ingham Palace would not say 
yesierday how many people 
live permanently at Hampton 
Court, but the total of grace- 
and-favour residents and offi- 
cials is fewer than 50. 

The Government has not 
given up trying to balance the 
books at Hampton Court, but 
any legislation allowing partial 
privatization would face de- 
termined opposition and legal 
difficulties in allowing com- 
mercial activities on Crown 




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Wintry weather keeps 
holiday traffic low 


Credit Card Account 

By Robin Young 

machines, in choppy seas off Sudbury, in 
the Severn Estuary. The beat : 
capsized and both were 
thrown into the water. 

A helicopter from RAF 
Chivenor airlifted the couple 
to the Frenchay Hospital 
Bristol but the man was dead 
on arrival. 

At Great Yarmouth, Nor-| 
folk, police made 90 arrests I 
during a rally of about 10,000 ] 
scooter riders. 

Snow, gritting 
heavy rain and gale force 
winds were among tbe obsta- 
cles Easter holidaymakers 
contended with yesterday as 
cold and miserable weather 
put paid to the last day of tbe 
bank holiday break. 

Four inches of snow was 
reported in the Oldham area 
and more snow fed in Buxton 
and Bolton. The Royal Auto- 
mobile Club reported that 

roads to the usual bank bob- T ivpmnnf on ton 
day seaside resorts were quiet Liverpool UU tup 

The woric-to-rule imposed 
by Customs officers at 
Heathrow Airport in protest at 
rostering arrangements for the 
new terminal lour brought no 
significant delays for 

A man died, and his woman 

on their water-ski speedboat 

companion was seriously i 
jured, when the engine fail 

In a heavy Easter Monday 
sports programme, Liverpool 
went to the top of the first 
division for the first time this 
season when they won 2-0 at 
home to Manchester City* 
They replace Everton. who 
drew 04) at Manchester Unit- 

Sport, pages 28-32 1 
Weather forecast, page 16 

and have just one easy 
monthly repayment 

Settle your Credit Cards 
H.P. Bank Loans and 
outstanding bills in one go 






Spain drafts 
8,000 police to 
deter bombers 

Madrid (Reuter) - Spam will 
draft 8,000 police reinforce- 
ments io Mediterranean resort 
areas this summer to guard 
against possible bomb attacks 
by Basque separatists. 

Senor Rafael Vera, the Interi- 
or Ministry 
said Basque guerrillas set on IV 
bombs at beach resorts tea 
summer and another guerrilla 
offensive this summer could 

nC T^ETA^(Basqiie Homeland 
and Freedom) separate^ aid 
last year hs campaign of vio- 
lence was designed to pressure 
gain’s SociaiS Government 
Sto granting political indepen- 
dence to the Basque region. 


Books burnt as Gadaffi bans English 

From Robert Fisk 
Tripoli, Libya 

1b a demonstration which 
must seem chflliogh similar to 
those once staged in Nazi 
Germany, Colonel Gadaffi 
this week ordered officials at 
Libya's largest university to 
bum hundreds of English and 
French textbooks and dose 
departments of English and 
French studies on the campus. 

The closure derision and the 
book buruioe — which took 
place at tbe Fateh University 
in Tripoli on Sunday - were, 
typically, part of the Colonel's 
nam pgj go to “Arabize" Libya, 
a policy which has almost 
eliminated European lan- 
guages in roadsigns, restau- 
rant menus, Iibyaa-publisbed 


books, advertisements 
even rise applications. 

There were 1300 under- 
graduates la the English and 
French faculties at the univer- 
sity but unprecedented pro- 
tests by tbe bravest of them 
have persuaded the authorities 
to aiknr third and fourth year . 
students to continue their 
studies. However, second-year 
students will. be. encouraged to 
transfer to other subjects, 
first-years win have to aban- 
don their studies altogether, 
and no further men or women 
will be permitted to enter 
courses in either department. 

The English la ity at 
Fateh University specializes 
in Shakespeare - particularly 
critical works on 16th centm? 

English literature — as well as it quite tbe same racist quality 
studies of Dickens, Words- that invested the Nazi's dem- 

worth and Keats. Curiously, 
students also read in class 
Gadaffi's Green Book, an 
English version of the 
Colonel's slim volume of 
philosophical work which Is 
presumably acceptable to the 
authorities in any language. ■ 

The Libyan regime has 
developed a habit in recent 
weeks of staging destructive 
acts to demonstrate hs hostil- 
ity towards Western culture 
and society. A few weeks ago, 
Gadaffi functionaries smashed 
Western musical Instruments 
in “Green Square** in the 
centre of Tripoli 
While the book-burning, 
therefore, does not hare about 

oustrations in the 3930's, H 
nevertheless contained a dan- 
gerous emotional charge in a 
dictatorship which now re- 
serves so much of its energy 
for threatening West Europe- 
an and American interests 
around tbe world. 

The students at the Fateh 
University showed unexpected 
courage yesterday in denounc- 
ing both the booktmraing and 
tbe departmental closures to 
foreign journalists. 


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“The English language is 
part of myself, “ a woman 
under-graduate who was dose i 
to teats, said. “I feel as if part 
of myself has been taken 













Labour man at 
Fulham fights 
to alleviate 
Militant factor 

~ - By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

plea on 
naval deal 1 


" Mr Nick Raynsford. Labour 
... candidate in ihe Fulham by- 
-election. tried yesterday to 
' prevent the "Militant Tenden- 
■jcy factor" from undermining 
Ilhis campaign by producing 
[Computerized canvassing fig- 
'-ufes showing him on course 
For a runaway victory on April 

11 With his Conservative and 
.’’Alliance opponents doing ev- 
erything possible to highlight 
r the influence of the Trotskyist 
Igroup and other left-wing 
1' extremists in the Labour Par- 
/Jj. Mr Raynsford produced 
.figures, based on contacting 
'almost half the constituency's 
r voters, which showed Labour 
l-wilh 46 per cent support. 
'.:cdmpared with 25 percent for 
-.’the Conservatives and about 
.. 20 per cent for the Alliance. 
“'.He agreed that his figures 
!. underestimated the true Con; 
servalive support by about 5 
per cent because of the lack of 
^intensive canvassing in solidly 
‘.Tory areas, but he insisted, 
-with 10 days to polling day. 
they gave a clear indication 
“Shat we are on course for 
. victory”. 

.They also showed that 
■-."scare stories" and attacks- by 
jiis opponents after last week's 
■Jailure of Labour's national 
.executive to expel 12 Liver- 
pool Militants "are having 
■little or no impact". 

Mr Frank Dobson. Labour 
'MP for Holbont and Si Pan- 
eras and Mr Raynsford's cam- 
paign "minder", said that 
because of concern 3 bout the 
.possible impact of Militant he 
/had ordered a new- canvass of 
‘two housing estates. U had 

- shown there was no sign ofcny 
drift in Labour support. 

- Mr Raynsford said that he 

had been around two council 
estates after the Militant saga 
and "not a single person raised 
the issue”. 

It appears Lhat the council 
estates he visited were differ- 
ent from those canvassed by 
Mr Matthew Carrington and 
Mr Roger Liddle. the Conser- 
vative and Alliance candi- 
dates. who jointly pointed 
yesterday to a big shift 1 in 
voting intentions as a result of 
the Militant factor. 

Mr Carrington said that the 
events last week had blown 
out of the water Labour 
attempts to pretend that the 
Militant issue was under con- 
trol. There was almost no 
difference in policy terms 
between Militant and some 
left-wingers being selected to 
fight safe Labour seats in 

"Militant is the lip of the 
iceberg. It is the symptom, it is 
not the disease. It is the boil on 
the face, it is not the underly- 
ing cause of the problem and 
that message has really got 
over to Labour Parly 

Despite opinion poll predic- 
tions. he insisted that the 
Conservatives would win the 
by-election. “People who sup- 
ported us last time will sup- 
port us again.” 

Mr Liddle said that the 
Militant fiasco had led to deep 
inroads in the Labour vote. "I 
am pretty convinced a sub- 
stantial section of the Labour 
vote is coming over to us”, he 

General election: M.Sievens 
fC). 18.204; A. Powell (Lab). 
13.415; D.RendeJ (L/Allj. 7.194; 
Miss J.Grimes (Ecoj. 277; 
R. Pearce (NF>. 229; J.Keats 
(Ind I), 102. C maj: 4.789. 

Maxwell puts up 
barbed wire 

Barbed-wire was put up 
around parts of Mr Robert 
; Maxwell's strike-hit Scottish 
‘ Daily Record and Sunday 
1 Mail printing plant in Glas- 
. gow yesterday, as the manage- 
ment spoke of the “gullibility" 
and "intimidation^ of 
' journalists. ■-* 

A private security firm has' 
been brought in to guard with 
: dogs the premises at 

• Anderston Quay. The plant is 
! being picketed by journalists 

• who have been dismissed- All 
; the other staff have been 
‘ dismissed- 

About 1 .000 former workers 

■ met in Glasgow yesterday. 

, The talks were private and no 

• decisions were taken, but it is 
' understood that the mood was 
. one of determination to reject 

• Mr Maxwell's offer of re- 
. employment on terms which 
; include a five-day, instead of a 
; four-day, working week for all. 

Mr Maxwell said at the 
; weekend that he was closing 
his Scottish titles and dismiss- 
! ing the staff. 

■ Letters were delivered by 

• hand to each of the 1.050 
: employees telling them that 
! they had lost their jobs, but 
; inviting them to apply for 
: positions with two new com- 
panies to be set up today to 
publish and print the Daily 
Record and Sunday Mail. 

The Daily Record and Sun- 
day Mail in Glasgow would be 
printed elsewhere if the 1 .000 

■ journalists and primers dis- 
. missed at the weekend did not 
; accept new conditions and 

• apply to join the new compa- 
: ny set up to run the two 
; newspapers. Mr Maxwell said 
i yesterday. 

In the latest move in the 
I dispute, which has shut down 
1 both titles for three weeks. Mr 
Maxwell declined to say where 

■ production would be carried 
! ouL But he said that if it was in 
- Manchester, and members of 
.'Sogat ’82. the print union. 

■ continued to refuse to do the 
1-work, it would be breaking the 

law and liable to court action. 

He also said that, from 
today, it would be illegal for 
the National Union of Jour- 
nalists to continue to picket 
the Mirror Group plant at- 
Anderston Quay. 

“The gravy train in Scot- 
land has stopped.” he said. 1 
Although the two newspapers 
had contributed a profit to the 
group Iasi year, profits could 
disappear, “as quickly as snow 
in spring", faced with the new 
competition among national 

Mr Maxwell blamed the 
NUJ and Sogat for destroying 
1,000 jobs in Glasgow and for ' 
preventing the company from 
preparing to meet the compet- 
itive challenge from Mr Ru- 
pert Murdoch and Mr Eddy 

Mr Maxwell has given the 
workers until Thursday to 
apply for jobs with the new 

Yesterday, Mr Roy Jenkins, 
Social Democrat Party MP for 
Glasgow Hi Ahead, railed on 
Mr Maxwell to sell the titles if 
he refused to enter into serious 
negotiations with the 

“Mr Maxwell’s antics at 
.Anderston Quay in my con- 
stituency are as difficult to 
follow as their consequences 
are likely to be disastrous. He 
has just sacked everybody for 
the third time in five weeks, 
which suggests more bombast 
than calm authority". 

Mr Jenkins said that 
Anderston Quay had an excel- 
lent record for industrial rela- 
tions and profitability until 
Mr Maxwell took over as 
company chairman in Janu- 
ary. His actions had since put 
the continuation of the Daily 
Record and Sunday Mail as 
Scottish newspapers at risk. 

The company last night 
described Mr Jenkins's inter- 
vention as a cheap attempt to 
catch a few votes. 

A “wrong" decision by the 
Government oo the placing of 
a £240 million naval ship- 
building contract would end 
prospects of a significant in- 
crease in British exports, re- 
cording to Dr Ken Chapma . 
joint managing director of 
Swan Hunter, the newly pri- 
vatized shipbuilders bn the 

Swan Hunter is campaign- 
ing to win the Ministry of 
Defence contract for two aux- 
iliary oil replenishment ves- 
sels (AORs). and Dr Chapman 
said yesterday that if the order 
went to Harland and Wolff 
the State-owned Belfast yard, 
a rival bidder, Britain's 
chances of winning a multi- 
million-pound export market 
for naval auxiliary vessels 
would be dashed- 

Dr Chapman said that Swan 
Hunter was the only British 
yard in the running for a 
£50 million auxiliary vessel 
order from a navy "outside 
Europe”, but it could not 
expea to be successful if the 
AOR contract went to 

“We may be the world 
leader regarding this type of 
vessel but any foreign govern- 
ment would think twice about 
placing an order with a com- 
pany which has foiled to 
secure a contract from its own 

He said that Swan Hunter’s 
standing in the naval field was 
underlined by the fact it had 
been invited to present two 
papers at an international 
conference of the Royal Insti- 
tute of Naval Architects in 

“This is an 

acknowledgement that we are 
the world leaders, and the two 
papers form a very great back- 
up for marketing and sales 
operations. In view of this it 
seems ludicrous that there 
should be any doubt over 
Swan Hunter winning the 
AOR contract" 

A decision on the AOR 
contract had been expected 
last week but has been post- 
poned until mid-April, after 
the Swan Hunter campaign 
and lobbying from Labour 
and Conservative MPs. 

Mr Neville Trotter, Conser- 
vative MP for Tynemouth, 
said vesteixlay that he believed 
Harland and Wolff could not 
build the ships for less than 
Swan Hunter and emphasized 
that Britain needed to retain 
the capability of the Tyne 
yards for the Royal Navy and 
for export order. 

"It is quite appalling that 
after nationalization in 1977. 
no big naval export order has 
been won by a British yard. 
Now Swan Hunter are priva- 
tized they believe they can get 
the country back into that 
field and they ought to be 
encouraged to do so." 

Mr Trotter said that the 
delay in the AOR order deci- 
sion would work in Swan 
Hunter’s favour. He also felt 
lhat the company would be 
helped by the Prime 
Minister's intervention. 

“I am advised she is doing 
everything she can to be 



Car dinal Hume (left) ami Dr Habgeod m procession yesterday to York Minster with other church leaders. 

A cardinal returns to the minster 

Cardinal Basil Hume, the spir- 
itual leader of Roman Catholics in 
England and Wales, yesterday 
became the first cardinal to take 
part in a service at York Minster 
since the Reformation. 

The service, presided over by 
the Archbishop of York, Dr John 
Habgood, marked the 400th 
'anniversary of the execution for 
treason of Margaret Clitherow 
whom Roman Catholics venerate 
as a martyr. 

Dr Habgood told the congrega- 
tion of 2,000 that Christians must 
stop bickering among themselves 

and unite to face an increasingly 
sinful world. 

He said: “The religions fortress 
mentality which keeps ns sepa- 
rated from <me another, that 
tempts ns to make martyrs of one 
another, has got to be broken 

“In a sense we're still paying for 
the fires and the hangings and the 
croshings four centuries ago." 

The Archbishop's words were 
relayed by loudspeaker to a crowd 
of several hundred ontside the 
minster, while inside he and 
Cardinal Hume were joined by 
most of Britain's Roman Catholic 

bishops and representatives of the 
Free and Methodist churches. 

Earlier they had led * a pro- 
cession of civic leaders and pil- 
grims to the shrine to Margaret 
Clitherow in the former butcher's 
shop run by her husband in the 
city’s historic shambles. 

The stepdaughter of (me of 
York's lord mayors, Margaret 
Clitherow was crushed to death in 
March 1586 after she refused to 
plead to charges that she had 
attended Roman Catholic services 
and harbonred priests. She was 
canonized on October 25, 1970, by 
Pope Paul Yl. 

Police in 

'An alleged former trainee 
pilot from Libya who tele- 
phoned Radio Tripoli from 
Britain at the weekend used 
verbatim passages from a 
speech broadest two days 
earlier by Colonel Muammar 
Gadaffi, police said yesterday. 

"Someone with a sense of 
national pride and solidarity 
appears to have jumped on the 
coloneTs bandwagon," a Spe- 
cial Brandi detectivesaid. 

"We cannot take things like 
this ioo lightly. .We are check- 
ing out all the Libyan trainee 
pilots at Oxford." 

The man, identified by. The 
Sunday Times . as Adil 
Masood. daimed to speak on 
behalf of a group of trainee 
pilots based at Oxford calling 
itself the Oxford Revolution- 
ary Force: There are five 
Libyan pilot trainees .and 14 
Libvans on aircraft engineer- 
ing courses at the Oxford air 
training schooL 

.Two Libyan trainee pilots 
have been interviewed by 
Special Branch . The other 
three will be seen today when 
they return from the Easter 
b reak.- ..... 

Mr Peter Sharpe, the 
school's registrar, said yester- 
day he did not think anyqpe 
from the school was connect- 
ed with the broadcast "1 think 
the police are of the same 
opiuion.aiihough it is possible 
the caller was a former student 
who left here 18 months ago." 

Mr Sharpe denied reports 
that a brother-in-law of Colo- 
nel Gadaffi was araomg the 
trainees. The report was said 
to have originated from .a 
Saudi student at the school, 
but he said there were. . no 
Saudis among the pupils. ' 

38 are injured as 
loyalists riot 

Continued from page 1 

lie housing, and in the early 
hours of yesterday nationalists 
attacked the police and burnt 

The security forces appear 
to have been taken by surprise 
at the sudden arrival of Mr 
Paistev who later attacked Sir 

Mr Paisley said that Sir 
John had been telling lies 
when he bad talked about 
paramilitary involvement and , 
he said that all who were 1 
opposed to the Anglo-Irish 
Agreement were having their 
basic rights taken from them. 

Although the government 

John Hermon. the RUC Chief derision has dearly out- 
Con stable, for advising the manoeuvred . the loyalists. 

tin Secretary of State. Mr Tom 
ne King, to ban the parade, 
nd Mr King acted after the 
Chief Constable told him that 
]at the parade bad been taken 
77 over by paramilitary and sub- 
^ vereive elements who had 
plotted violence and intended 
/a _ to exploit it to cause serious 
!el disorder throughout the 

be The derision was criticized 
by Unionists, but Mr Paisley 
h e daimed a victory for his early 
ej_ morning parade in 
an Portadown. 

elt He said: “The people of 
be Portadown ran lift up their 
ne heads today for the first time 
since last July. This is our 
ng town, it is a Protestant town, 
be and it will continue to be a 
Protestant town.” 

on rates 
ban starts 

A statu t ory baa on party, 
political advertising by local 
authorities comes into force 
today, amid town hall uncer- 
tainty over its practical effects. 

The prohibition is part of 
the new Local Government 
Act which ministers say will 
prevent conncQs indulging In 
"propaganda on the rates in 
opposition to central govern- 
ment policies. 

The Artis much less sweep- 
ing than original government 
proposals, which, - it was 
feared, might have made ille- 
gal virtually all political state- 
ments by - councillors to 
newspapers, radio or 

But there remains some 
confusion inside town halls as 
to what sort of information 
might fall foul of the Act and 

, apprehension about what the 

lhat the great majority of j Government's promised 
loyalists would stay away and I gmdelinesoo council publicity 

Tories attacked 
over S Africa 

they were claiming a victory 
last night. 

Nationalist politicians criti- 
cized the RUCs allowing the 
early morning parade through 
Roman Catholic areas, but the 
security forces and govern- 
ment clearly calculated that by 
banning the parade the distur- 
bances in Portadown would be 
more easily contained than if 
up to 20.000 had arrived to 

They had also calculated 

A group of Conservative 
MPs who want reform in 
South Africa yesterday asked 
other MPs for support, only to 
be branded “a disgrace to the 
party". The dispute erupted 
after three members of Con- 
servatives for Fundamental 
Change in South Africa an- 
nounced that they had written 
to “a selected number of 
colleagues" and had received a 
“positive response” from 
more than 50 MPS. 

Mr Robert Adfey (Christ- 
church), Mr Hugh Dykes 
(Harrow East) and Mr Tim 

Party in Britain who share a 
strong belief in the need for 
fundamental change there." 

"At ihe moment, s adly, our 
party tends to be regarded as 
being represented by those 
Conservative members, who 
are most vocal on.South 
African affairs, and who, by 
their words and deeds, give 
succour to the South African 
government and its apartheid 
policies; and cause tiespaft: to 
sensible people.:" - 

Biff Mr John- Carlisle, secre- 
tary of the. all-party British 
South Africa Parliamentary 

Rath bone (Lewes) said that <5 roup, said: “Thai is: .an 
the fort so many had respond- appalling thing to say and 

that many of those who 
arrived would be little more 
than the hooligan element 
Yesterday's events also in- 
dicated the deep differences 
between the two Unionist 

‘Devious’ tactics over Bill 

Staff cuts deal could 
halt Express closure 

The threatened closure of 
Express Newspapers is likely 
to be lifted today, after a 
meeting between print union 
leaders and management. 

Leaders of the print nnion 
Sogat "82 said yesterday that 
they had accepted, m princi- 
ple, a plan to cut the workforce 
from 6,800 to 4,300. 

Mr Bill Miles, the national 
officer, said: "[ am confident 
that we will come to an 
agreement. There are a couple 
of areas where we differ from 
management but I expect 
them to be sorted ont 

-United Newspapers, which 
took over Fleet Holdings, the 
parent company of Express 
Newspapers, last October, 
said that it would close the 

Daily Express, the Sunday 
Express and The Star if die 
unions did not agree to its plan 
by tonight. 

Mr Miles said that the 
union and management still 
differed from two of the Sogat 
712 chapels (office branches) 
on the number of redundan- 
cies. but added: "We are only 
talking about 10 or 15 people." 

Themanagement, led by Mr 
David Stevens, chairman of 
United Newspapers, has said 
the job losses and new working 
conditions for the staff that 
remain are essential if the 
Express titles are to compete 
with Mr Eddy Shah's Today 
and Mr Rupert Murdoch’s 
News International papers, 
which are nsing new technol- 
ogy at a lower cost. 

A Labour MP accused the 
Gov ernment yesterday of try- 
ing to wreck by "devious 
action" his Bill to give the 
disabled new rights. 

Government amendments, 
which will “tear the heart" 
from the Disabled Persons 
Bill, were tabled too late for 
printing before the Commons 
adjourned on Maundy Thurs- 
day. Mr Tom Garke. MP for 
Monklands West. said. 

Most MPs will be able to see 
them only when the House 
resumes next Tuesday, three 
days before ihe next crucial 
debate, the report stage and 
third reading on April 1 1. 

Mr Garke introduced the 
Bill after winning first place in 
the ballot of private members' 
Bills. One sponsor is Mr Jack 
Ashley. Labour MP for Stoke 
South and a champion of the 

“The Government is at- 
tempting to tear the heart out 
of a Bill which aims to give 
basic rights to 5.5 million 
disabled people and mentally 
handicapped persons in this 
country ." Mr Garke said. 

Mr Toro Clarke, who 
attacked amendments 

"MPs who support the Bill 
are shocked by the devious 
devices being employed by the 
Government to defeat its ma- 
jor objectives." 

Mr Garke said: "The 
Government’s wrecking 
amendments aim to replace 
the rights contained in the Bill 
for disabled people to demand 
action from local authorities. 
Instead, it is inserting discre- 
tionary powers for local au- 
thorities lo take action as they 
think fit 

Mr Garke said that the 
Govemmeat's attitude was aa 
insult to Parliament, which 
gave the Bill an unopposed 
second reading. 

The feelings of the disabled 
and their supporters would be 
made dear at a mass lobby of 
Parliament on Wednesday, 
April 9. he said. 

An intention of the Bill is to 
further press local authorities 
to comply with the require- 
ments of the Oironically Sick 
and Disabled Persons Act. 

Mr Barney Hay hoe, the 
Minister for Health, denied 
Mr Garke's allegations and 

may contain. 

"Many councils are very 
nervous about what material 
will be safe to pat ont The 
legislation is very vague and 
no one really knows where 
they stand,” an official of the 
Association of Metropolitan 
Authorities said. 

The City of Glasgow Dis- 
trict Council has already re- 
written its annual budget 
explanation to ratepayers be- 
cause of lawyers' worries that 
the leaflet’s original references 
to high interest rates and 
government arts might in- 
fringe the Art. 

Councils are also afraid that 
documents such as head 
teachers' circulars to parents 
on provision of books and 
equipment, or boosing officers' 
letters to tenants abort re- 
pairs. will need to be scruti- 

The Act specifically bans 
local authority advertisements 
"designed to affect public 
support for a political party". 
It was prompted by the in- 
fated campaigns of Labour 

ed should . strengthen the 
Government's ■ hand with 

"Now that formal links 
have been established between 
the Government and the Afri- 
can National Congress we 
shall be inviting London rep- 
resentatives of the ANC, as 
well as representatives of oth- 
er bodies, to the Commons to 
address Conservative MPs," 
the group said. 

The three MPs have just 
returned from South Africa 
and said they were extremely 
worried about what they saw. 
“It is imperative ' we make 
transparently clear to people 
in South Africa, of every 
colour and political persua- 
sion. lhat there are many 
people in the Conservative 

totally inaccurate. HoW do 
these instant experts, who 
have been only once lo South 
Africa, dare to pit their limit- 
ed. scant knowledge -against 
those of us who know the 
country well and who are 
desperately trying to see the 
dismantling of the apartheid 
system? . . 

"This will give succour ib 
the ANC and other active 
terrorist organizations. They 
scupper their owiT case by 
their willingness lo 4alk to 
terrorists.” . . 

Mr Carlisle. MP for Luton 
North, added: "All they are 
doing iff .meddling in some- 
thing they .do not understand, 
thus exacerbating the situa- 
tion. They area dispace to the 
party-? -• - 

British crew free 

A Norwegian salvage vessel 
and its crew of 34, taken into 
custody by the Tunisian navy 
on March 17, were released 
yesterday, : a border police 
official said. 

- The ship and its crew, held 
for allegedly violating Tuni- 

sian territorial waters; would 
be free to leave the port of 
Bizerte yesterday evening, he 
said. - 

The Noiwegian-registered 
Wildracke, with its 2Q Norwe- 
gian and 14 British crew, were 
released- ’ ‘ 1 

said: “The broad objectives of authorities a fi a L a ^ t ra *J' c ®P _ 

Mr Garke’s Biff which are « a J oirt ™ n 

hv ihp Greater London Council and 

endorsed by the Government, 
have been retained but the 
resources implications have 
been much reduced, although, 
even with the amended provi- 
sions. these will still be sub- 
stantial, costing about £100 

The Bill could not be imple- 
mented until the resources 
became available, he said. 

Greater Loudon Council and 
metropolitan counties. 

Similarly overt political 
campaigns, such as those by 
some councils against foe 
Government's a ad ear policies 
and proposed welfare benefit 
changes, would almost certain- 
ly be unlawful in future. 

Councils are relieved, how- 
ever, that what was seen as a 
catch-all daase to prohibit 
material that could "reason- 
ably be regarded as likely to 
affect pobfic support for a 
political party” was deleted by 
foe House of Lords. 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Secre- 
tary of State for the Environ- 
ment, has said he wiU seek to 
restore foe effect of foe defeat- 
ed provision next year, but 
some authorities are hopeful 
that the operation of the Art 
will show no further powers 
are necessary. 

Much will depend on the 
advisory code of conduct being 
drawn up by Mr W illiam 
Waldegrave, Minister for die 

He abandoned Ms original 
draft - which laid down that all 
publicity, including Press con- 
ference statements and media 
interviews, must not "attack 
policies and opinions of Other 
political parties or groups" - 
after protests from local au- 
thority associations. 

Meetings with the associa- 
tions to discuss Mr 
Waldegrave's latest ideas are 
due to take place in the next 
few weeks. 

FROM 1st APRIL 1986 


11th ISSUE 8-50% il.97% 


FORBALANCESOF £10,000 AND ABOVE ‘ ] 8£5% "12^04% 

TOR BALANCES OF 45,000 TO £9,999 8-30% 11.69% 

FOR BALANCES OP £250 TO£4399 - . 8-05% ll J34% 


PREFERENCE SHARES 6.00% / 8.45% 

Rates of Interest on all other Share and Deposit; , >.'>;!■ 
Accounts including previous issues of Term Shares 
and High Option Term Shares, will be reduced by - - 
1% per annum. 

S-A.Y-E. accounts remain unchanged. . 

The gross rates shown assume income tax paid at the 
basic rate of 29%. 


The specified rate of Interest charged on existing 
Mortgages will be reduced by 0.75% on lst Aprifor 
1st May 1986 in accordance. with the terms of the 
mortgage contract 

Differentials charged for endowment .mortgages will 
be removed with effect from 1st April 1986- ,. ...- . 
Details of revised monthly repayments will shortly be. 
sent to those borrowers effected. ... 

4 1 Pilgrim St. Newcastle upon Tyne. Teh 06323209 73 


Men. with high fat levels in 
their Wobd tun more thaw 
three times the risk: of a heart 
attack; arnHt does not matter 
what kiud of fet it is, accord- 
ing to' the results of a British 
study announced today. 

Fco: ] 0 years doctors around 
the.worid tave'betievedthat 
people with a high proportion 
of one type of cholesterol in 
their blood would enjoy pro- 
tection against heart disease. 
The theory was that this low- 
fat cholesterol helped, remove 
deposits of more ■ Iferrafo! 
bigb-fet cholesterol from ar- 
lery walls, preventing-* them 
from clogginfeiip..:. 

■But the findings of the' 
. British study of almost S.000 
middle-aged men hare shown 
that 'this way of "predicting" 
who is at risk may be ik^.I 
at least in Britain. 

. ; fcessarcheis airalyzed 202 
heart attacks among^the- men 
over a four-year jxnod. and 
found that the total amount. of 
cfablesieroHn the blood. wasa 
fer.more powerful and botisi^ 

- ^tprediaorofri^k; 

Pr^ssor GeraW Shaper,. 

tttotstunmngtbestiidy fr nm 

: London's Royal Free Hospi- 
tal, .with the help of the British 
;H«at ‘Foundation, said that 

ihe .old -theory might only be 
' valid inxoun tries where total, 
cholesterol levies 'were low. 

' -*?to.G^eat.Britahil ! average 
levels of: total 'cholesterol are' 
"high : by- ■ mteroatioaal stah- 
j danfc and "thus carry a two- 
: risk- of -acute ■■ coronary 
: heart disease, compared with 
countries -with lorwerievds,'’ 
\be said. : . 

. Orcroessage from the study 

is that people should eat less 
fet,- yet another survey to be 
published ibis week suggests 
that many family doctors are 
ignorant about healthy eating. 

The .survey found that al- 
though 99 percent of GPS give 
‘ dietary advice to their pa- 
tients, more than 70 per cent 
had never heard of the Nacne 
.report, one of the most widely- 
pubbtized official studies on 
healthier eating, which made 
-specific recommendations for 
, reducing consumption of fat, 
sugar and salt and increasing 
- intake of starchy foods, cereals 
and vegetables rich in fibre. 

The survey, to be' published 
in GP- Magazine, found that 
even among doctors who re- 
called .these recommenda- 
tions, only half did so with 
reasonable accuracy. 

Teachers’ need for praise 

By Locy Hod^s, Education Correspondent ■ ■ 

- The 'Government should 
stop criticizing teachers on the 
ground that there was a major 
crisis .of' confidence in die 
.education service;, a . unio n 
conference was told yesterday. 

Politicians should - give 
iwaise and thanks from time to- 
time, Mr John Inman, presi- 
dent of the National Associa- 
tion of Schcfolmasters/Union 
of Women Teachers, told the " 
opening session of the annual 
conference in Scarborough. 
North Yorkshire:- .1 

In a plea to^ the Govern- 
ment, Mr Inman said: “Allow 
the local authorities the free- 
dom in financial terms to 
negotiate a sensible package 
for all parties to the Arbitra- 
tion and Conciliation. Advisor 
ry Service ^Acas) talks. It will 
cost much more . than yon . 
have so far indicated". . 

He said the Government 

stood condemned for its “total 
lack of 'interest'’* in resolving 
the most damaging teachers’ 
dispute in education history, 
ffe called on all political 
parties to make education a 
priority so that there could be 
a wide-ranging debate leading 
to a new Education Act 
-The 1944 Act was being 
floated and. did not meet 
today’s needs, which were a 
new consensus and appraisal 
of the tights and responsibil- 
ities of all parties, including 
■the' Secretary of State for 
Education 'and Science, local 
authorities and schools. 

“Legislation at the periph- 
ery will not do. The crisis in 
the service is too deep, the 
relationship. too harmed and. 
distorted for that," Mr Inman 
said. - . - 

The Secretary of State for 
Education and Science was 

empowered under the Act to 
promote an efficient educa- 
tion service. But Sir Keith 
Joseph had claimed he had the 
responsibility but not the pow- 
er on many issues, he said. 

“The feci that a school in 
Manchester was effectively 
closed for most of the last two 
terms did not seem to concern 
the person who has a duty To 
promote an efficient service*. 

• The executive of the Na- 
tional Union of Teachers suf- 
.fered defeat at its annual 
conference in Blackpool yes- 
terday when members voted 
to campaign for the abolition 
of fixed-term teacher 

The NUT also gave notice 
to local authority employers 
that it would not trade off 
conditions of sendee for high- 
er pay in forthcoming Acas 


3 2: 

fear from 

L/Ol 1IUU1 in uamv U1 I 

contact^Lurcher’s ■ 

family believes 

The grandmother of the 
missing . schoolgirl Sarah 
Harper, aged 10, weptyesteray 
as she said the family believed 
that the child . was dead. 

* * .Mrs Wariepe Hppton-satd: 
“I believe; -and • her mum 
believes, that Sarah is; no 
fohger ative” - . 

- She pleaded ivittf aityone 
who may be baKKh&th£ chStt 
or knew of her thereabouts: 
“We want our baby borne. 
Please let her go. . 

“I know they will be, fright- 
ened of being caught but if 
they leave her somewhere 
local we will pick her up. 

“I am praying that she is not 
dead,- but I am beginning to 
think the worst after so long. 
The longer it goes on the more 
the hope dimhushes.” 

Mis Hopton was comforted 
by Woman Police Constable 
Julie Eastwood while . die 
spoke. The officer has been 
staying with Sarah’s mother, 
Jackie, who is pregnant. . . 

Mrs Hopton added: “The 
last four days have been 
absolute helL Jackie is doing 
her best to bear up. She has 
short . spasms where she is 
normal and then crumbles 
and goes to pieces again. ” 

She sakt “If somebody has 
got her the damage has been 
done already, so please let her 

go and come home to us and 
her little sister and brother.^ 

Mrs Hopton said that Sarah 
had. been, tord always never to 
go with- strangers, especially 
after being ^ approached 18 
months" ago and running 
away. “We always, told her to 
jscream and make as -much 
jQiaise as possible: ' • 

. *»Wo r aJv^ : *drilM it into 
Saiah’ aito her sistK'- She 
would never go_ with strangers 
and woaW oniy go with some- 
one if they were very good 
friends- people- she would 
caff aunty and uncle." 

She said that Sarah had 
made the trip to the comer 
shop, only 200 yards from her 
home in . Brunswick Place, 
Moriey, near- Leeds, many 
times before last Wednesday, 
when she vanished. - 

“Sometimes she would go 
with her sister and . others 
alone and on occasions she 
came home from school in the 
dark, and there was never any 

The man leading the hunt, 
Del Supt John Stainthorpe, 
■said: “TTtisgiri seems to have 
disappeared info thin air. 

“The person responsible is 
causing a hefl of a lot of 
misery-- If anyone knows who 
has lafcgn her, just turn him in 
quickly. He just isn’t wrath 

Mr and Mrs 

Donor cards for guests 


HjfDB, bear Gksgo*' 
ocai Roman Cathobc 

w grren a 

na trsnspfen* opera* 

fath er. .Mr John 
hfin, sajd: “My *ife 
aaof thank the pawn 
« at Jotat}’ that m? 

might tive”- Bat if 


wa me engaged when ms 
Jitter started dialysis 

not in prospect mrtfl “» 
October wbe» a iswtobk ^ 

toe OP matton 
become ro trans- 

^ WHf TW *bfe.toset a 

dote", Mr McLa^hJinsaid. 

TV drugs 
ban sought 

Mrs Mary Whitehouse has 
asked Mr Alisdair Milne, Di- 
rector-General of the BBC. to 
jnstrnct all television produc- 
ers to avoid scripts involving 
graphic drug overaosek. . 

Mrs; Whitehouse, who . is 
president of the National 
Viewers and.IJsteners Associ- 
ation. -said yesterday that she 
was still waiting for Mr MDne. 
to publicly apologize, for the 

irresponsible and ill- 
conceived” attempted drug 
overdose shown last month on 
the series EastEnders. 

. She claimed that the epi- 
sode, in which one of the 
characters. Ange, swallows 
tablets and gin, inspired a 
spate of similar incidents. 

Mis Whitehouse said that a 
letter from a doctor and nurse 
at Hackney hospital, east Lon- 
don, published in The Lancet 
oh March 22, claimed there 
had been a 300 per cent 
increase in drug overdose 
cases admitted to the hospital 
that week. 

Youth on rat 
rabies charge 

A French youth accused of 
breaking tbe anti-rabies laws 
by snuggling bis pet rat into 
Britain, was remanded on bail 
until Friday by Marlborough 
Street Magistrates Court, yes- 

Nicolas Costandi, aged 17, 
was charged with illegally 
landing foe rat, aged five 
weeks, at Dover on Good 
Friday. He was arrested in 
lUng’s Road, Chelsea, on 
Saturday.The rat has been 

Mother and 
quins ‘stable* 

The world’s first test-tube 
quintuplets were in a “stable 
and satisfectory” condition 
yesterday in hospital in 

Mrs Linda Jacobssen, ami 
31, the mother of the five 
boys, was also said by Univer- 
sity College Hospital, London, 
to be “satisfactory” after giv- 
ing birth by Caesarean section 
last Wednesday. 

Milestone for 
Pump Room 

Mrs Sonia Monaghan, from 
Relate, Surrey, who is on 
bolidav with her fennly in the 
Cotswolds, visited the Pump 
Room at Bath yesterday and 
found herself being greeted, by 
delighted city council officials 
as the attraction's millionth 
visitor this financial year. 

The record figure makes the 
Pump Room Britain’s second 
most popular tourist attrac- 
tion after the Tower of Lon- 
don. - 

Sea protest 

Greenpeace protester? plan 
to release 1,000 coloured 
wooden discs mto the tasb 
Sea off Sellafieid today to 
demonstrate that waste from 
the sellafieid nudear repro- 
cessing plant contaminates 
populated areas of coasdiite 

(enjoying a burst of spring sunshine in tbe commercial heavy horses (pairs) entry 
: London Harness Horse Parade Society gathering m Regent's Park yesterday. 1 

Pacemaker boy goes home 

Mark Clarke, aged three 
months, who was fitted with a 
hurt pn-wMbr last Friday, 
left hospital yesterday. 

The boy, weighing 6Tb, was 
allowed home with his mother, 
Mrs Esther Clarke. He was 
said to have beat making 
excellent progress after tbe 
device was implanted and had 

been expected to leave hospital 
on Sunday, muQhe developed 
a slight temperature. Surgeons 
at the Children's Hospital in 
Bir mingham kept him in over- 
night for observation. 

diagnosed before the boy was 
bora, it was found to be 
pumping at 50 beats a minute 
instead of the normal 110. 

Tbe pacemaker, the size of a 
SOp coin and weighing a few 

Mrs Clarke said yesterday: grams, was implanted trader 
“He used to be so pale hot now the skm in his left armpit, 
he has got lovely rosy cheeks.” using a tedunique developed 
A defective hart had bees at toe hospital. 

Doctors in Britain and 
America are increasingly con- 
cerned that extended-wear 
contact lenses could cause 
serious eye damage. 

There have been several 
recent cases of patients losing 
iheir sight and needing corneal 
transplants to restore vision 
after developing serious eye 
infections, according to medi- 
cal evidence. 

The Moorfields Eye Hospi- 
tal in London, which deals 
every month with many cases 
of disease related to the use of 
contact lenses, believes that 
some of the serious infections 
are related to extended-wear 
contact lenses. 

Mr Roger Buckley, director 
of the hospital's contact Jens 
department and a member of 
a government health commit- 
tee investigating problems as- 
sociated with soft lenses, said 
that some operations for cor- 
neal grafts had been per- 
formed after serious eye 
infections occurred. 

Doctors say that the soft 
stay-in lenses should be re- 
moved to give the eyes a rest 
once a week, and at the 
outside once a fortnight, so 
that they can be cleaned and 
sterilized to prevent bacteria 
developing in the eyes. Many 
people, however, leave their 
lenses in for weeks and even 
months on end. 

Mr Buckley said that a red. 
sore eye is the first signal of a 
problem, and the contact lens 
user should remove the lenses 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security said yes- 
terday that three government 
health committees are investi- 
gating the possible dangers of 
extended-wear contact lenses. 

Many doctors believe that 
the safest type of contact 
lenses are daily-wear, hard 
lenses which must be removed 
and cleaned regularly. 

Ski lifts 
battle of 

ve to 




By Ronald Faux 

Proposals to spend more 
than £2 million on new: ski 
lifts m the Cairngorms, in- 
northern Scotland are expect-' 
cd to renew disagreements* 
between developers and con- 

Lurcher's Gully, an old area ■ 
of contention, could again be 
in dispute. 

The Cairngorms Chairlift: 
Company, with the support of . 
the Highlands and Islands, 
Development Board, has dis- ; 
closed its long-term plans and , 
lodged them with the High- ; 
land Regional Council, . the 
planning body, as “an act oi_ 
good faith”. _ ' l 

The company, which serves* 
about 6.500 skiers a day on its’ 
Cairngorm lifts, insists its new' 
proposals differ greatly from., 
those rejected by an eight- 
week public inquiry in 1981. 

No road would be built mto .’ 
Lurcher’s Gully and access - ^ 
would be by ski tow. Downhill ' jt . 
skiers say that using the gully ‘ 
would ease the pressure on T e 
other pans of the mountain ■ r i© 
and allow skiers to move from ■ ■_ 
one valley to the next. 







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list B<l 
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pic company has proposed Jf _ n- ^ 

an immediate extension to the ^ - 
ski grounds west of Coire Cas nt r ' 
and applied for permission to q.. u_ 
build snow fences to create 
links with extra ski fields ly 

The long-term proposals are . * i- 
for a further six ski tows., ji 
snow-making machinery and ' " ic 
more facilities for visitors., 

There would be no extensions ■ ;r 
to the roads or car parking to 
the west. 

The Nature Conservancy 
Council said there was ' no 
conflict about developments 
to the east of the present . h ' e 
downhill ski areas but any- a 
thing to the west would .ed-’*.’ s 
croach on the Northern nt u 
Comes site of special 
ic interest. Develop 
Lurcher's Gully woui 
bly be unacceptable. 

a! Sui 
ye pu! 
. Apt 

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Since the ‘Droit de Seigneur' act passed in 1867, 
the French have always driven on the right-hand side 
of the road. 

This is not merely a matter of inconvenience 
for British drivers; it is also a potential safety hazard. 
And yet car manufacturers have been ignoring the 
problem completely. 

With one notable exception. Because BMW 
engineer Aap Rilfiihl discovered, just three' years 
ago, that the problem could be tackled; and, with 
ingenious modifications, a test vehicle was designed 
that incorporated a unique BMW feature - the 
multi-dashboard facility. 

By incorporating a second-unit steering wheel 
soclcet and instrument panel into a conventional 

glove compartment, Dr Rilfuhl was able to provide the 
basis for a secondary driving position. 

The fascia, naturally enough, conforms to 
‘Continental’ standards - with a kph speedometer, 
and the ‘Lawson’ fuel gauge reading in litres. 

Then, by the insertion of a lynch-pin into the 
steering wheel column, fellow engineer Hans 
Grabbem was able to devise the first quick-release 
steering wheel. (Incorporated, too, into the column is 
a secondary ‘Continental’ horn - the ‘Vorin-Drivers’ 
80 decibel air-horn.) 

The final problem, of the foot-pedals, was easily 
resolved; Herr Grabbem made them transferable, 
too, with a dual position facility. 

At present, this option is only available on the 

BMW 3 Series, but it is expected to be available on- 
all models in time for the proposed opening of -the - 
Channel tunnel: 

And then, for the first time, British drivers wfjf be ' 
able to drive abroad without getting on the wrong side . 
of the natives. • ■ - 

j To: Uve Adj'uri-Egpuhld, BMW (GB) Ltd, Ellesfield Avenue. Bracknell, ^ - 
| Berks, RG 12 4TA. - : . ... ... v -I 

Please send me more details of the BMW mulfi-dashfcoard facility. . - 
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I Name - - ' - ’ : I 



:5 21 


The pubhc gams the right to 

inspect the minutes of all 
council meetings and back- 
ground papers and reports 
under the Local Government 
(Access ip Information Act), 
1985, which comes into force 
today. The Act is being hailed 
as the ^ first, legislative 
success” of the Gampajga for 
Freedom of Information, the 
all-party pressure . group 
launched IS months ago un- 
der the chai rmanship of ^ 

Des Wilson. 

To obtain in that time a-. 
“foD-scale piece of legfetetnta, 
an Act to malreloc^authcn- 
hes more acccountabte, is a ' 

real achievement, he said. - 

The Act, which originated 
to a private member's bin 
introduced by Mr Robin 
Squire, Conservative MP for 
Hornchurch, means that ex- 
cept where there is a genuine 
need for confidentiality, the 
public must be admitted to 
council subcommittee meet- 
ings at which most 
are made. 

- Jf the public is excluded it 
oust be not foran ffl-defined 
reason, such ' “public 
fo^restT, because one of 
the conditions specified for 
oHMp don in the , Act is 

Such ' exemptions include 
information relating to an 
individual’s personal affairs; 
to crime investigation; to the 
coundTs negotiations on con- 
tracts and collective agree* 
: meats; and ' to . legal 
■proceedings . involving the 
-coundL".; : 

;.The:pubfic "win have the 
"right to see. the minutes not 
'.just of foil council meetings, 
Tnit also of. committees and 

There win be a tight also of 
access to aU reports discussed 
at al l meetings, unless the 
confidentiality provisions ap- 
ply, and to inspect bad around 
papers to the public sections of 
any committee’s agenda. That 
cowers research repots, inter- 
im reports, letters and memo- 

The Act also strengthens the 
position of individual council- 
lors, giving them wider rights 
of access to information, 
based on the principle of 
“need re knew”. 

Local authorities win also 
have to publish the names and 
addresses of all coundllois 
and committee members, and 
a summary of the rights 
conferred by foe Act 

Some councils have already 
implemented the Act's provi- 
sions and others woe commit- 
ted to doing so before the 
legislation was enacted. 

The Freedom of Informa- 
tion Campaign is launching an 
educational programme re en- 
sure that the Act is folly 
understood. Its next aim is to 
obtain legislation giving a 
right of access to personal 

The Data Protection Act, 
1984, contains such a right 
where information is stored 
on computer and the cam- 
paign wants that to be extend- 
ed to other files. 

CBI call to back 
youth job scheme 

The Government’s new 
£1 billion two-year Youth 
Training Scheme must suc- 
ceed if Britain is to match its 
industrial competitors, the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry says today. " 

Mr Hamish Orr-Ewing, 
chairman of the GBPs educa- 
tion and training committee, 
speaking on the day the 
scheme starts, says; “We have 
to make sure that the time, 
money, energy and imagina- 
tion required by the new YTS 
is put to the best possible use.” 
He says: “The new scheme 
must be successful if Britain is 
to match its industrial com- 
petitors, and if our young 
people are to have the same 
chance of starting as well 
equipped for work as their 
contemporaries in other ma- 
jor industrial countries." 

In a message to employers 
Mr Orr-Ewing says that die 
scheme puts “new and quite 
heavy demands on 
employers”.. The increased 
contribution could be looked 
upon as an investment “for 
the future of our yougg peo- 

ple; of industry and of the 

“ft is our task as employers 
and CBI members to ensure 
foal the return is adequate," 
he says. 

The new scheme provides 
two yera* training for school- 
leavers aged 16, and one year 
for those aged 17. 

It requires a financial con- 
tribution from employers as 
the Manpower Services Com- 
mission is to fund pdy a 
proportion of foe total costs. 

Mr Orr-Ewing; who urges 
. sapport f orfoe new YTS 

Royal opening for new 
terminal at Heathrow 

Heathrow Airport's ! fourth 
iminal is officially opened 
day but it will be 12 
oredays before any aircraft 
r passengers are able to use it 
Workers spent all weekend 
itting finishing touches to 
ie £200 - million building 
ady for a tour by foe Prince 
id Princess of wales. 

Scores of staff are expected 
i man many of the 64check- 
i desks, and banks, shops and 
her areas, to give an indica* 
on of how it win look. Even 
ie stores that the royal coupte 
ill pass have been stocked. 
The couple will arrive by 
hdetground and spend an 
our touring the half-mile 
ide building, which has tak- 
1 15 years to plan and build 
id was ax one time Europe’s 

lamest construction shc- They 
will then attend -an official 
jnneb in the demrture area. 

The terminal will increase 
Heathrow’s capacity from 30 
to 38 million passengermove- 
nsenfs a year, reinforcing its 
role as the world's .most 
important international 

Built on the south side of 
foe site, away from the other 
three -terminals., Terminal 4 
wil] be able to handle 2,000 
passengers an hour in each 

Although the building is 
effectively finished, it will not 
be operational until April 12 
for British Airways’ intercon- 
tinental, Amsterdam and Par- 
is services. KLM, NLM and 
Air Malta will also use the 

l y r rphi a l. 




A boy, aged 17, on holiday 
from Stoke-on-Trent was in a 
critical condition on a life- 
support machine in a North 
.Wales hospital yesterday, after 
being assaulted outside an 
Abergele mgbtspot- 

The incident happened at 
lam on Sunday but h was not 
until later in the day that the 
boy, who has not been named, 
suddenly became ill and was 
rushed to Gian Clwyd Hospi- 
tal, Bodriwyddan. 

Police said that the boy was 
with a friend who was staying 
with him at a local caravan 
park when he was punched. 

Det Chief Supt Gwyn 
Owen, of North Wales C3D, 
said: “It appears to have been 
an entirely unprovoked as- 

Trinder ill 

Tommy Trinder, aged 77, 
the comedian, has been or- 
dered to rest for six months 
after caflaprire at his home in 
SMbnry-on-Thames, Surrey. 
Jie had been due to appear at 
the Theatre. Royal, Notting- 
ham, on Thursday. - 

Royal bloom 

Gardeners, at foe Sandring- 
ham Estate in Norfolk have 
cultivated a new fuchsia, 
called Royal Silk, in the 
Queen's racing colours of 
gold, purple and red. The 
foliage is gold and the flowers 
red and purple. 

Saw death 

Mr Steven Rendell, aged 31, 
of Longparish, Hampshire, 
died in hospital on Sunday 
night after an accident with a 
■chainsaw, which caught him 
in foe throat as he worked 
outside his home. 

Man drowns 

A man, behoved to be aged 
19, from Bray, Greater Man- 
chester, drowned in rough seas 
near Blackpool's central pier 
late on Sunday night A body 
was washed up later. 



Manila (AP) — Former 
President Marcus of the Phil- 
ippines, in a tape recording 
and letter released yesterday, 
denied charges of corruption, 
accused US Government ele- 
ments of aiding in Ms over- 
throw, and indicated for the 
fust tune he would return to 

w We must war again against 
the monster who imposes 
slavery,” Mr Marcos said in a 
taped telephone call to a 
supporter. In a letter ad- 
dressed to “My beloved FiHpi- 
no -countrymen” be wrote: 

“Remain united so thru we will 
see each other again". 

Mr Marcos, now iivmg in 
Hawaii, accused President 
Aquino of tasting for wealth 
aim power, imposing a dicta- 
torship and inciting her fol- 
lowers to loot bis palace and 
try on his wife’s dresses. 

“Cry, my beloved people .. . 
There is trouble abroad in the 
laud, trouble that reaches into 
every corner,” he said in his 
telephoned statement. 

On the lawn of his Honolulu 
home after Easter Mass on 
Semday, he said he still con- 
sidered himself president and 
that the “coop” that toppled 
him was apparently helped by 
“elements of the American 

“In one message from the 
US Embassy to foe Office of 
Media Affair s die doty officer 
in the US Embassy threatened 
the use of Marines, United 
States Marines, against Mar- 
cos to prevent President Mar- 
cos from utilizing his superior 
military power against the 
rebels,” he said. 

Mr Marcos said charges 
that be owned property in the 
United States and keeps de- 

Former President Marcos and his wife Imelda, speaking after Easter Mass in Honolulu 

posits in Swiss banks were 
“ties dreamed op by those who 
are scheming to get rich”. 

A family Easter picnic 
planned for Sunday was can- 
celled after Secret Service 
agents objected to its size and 
the city said it could not be 
held in a park. Friends and 
relatives joined them for 
Mass, after which Mr Marcos 
and his wife, Imelda, sang 

“You’ll Never Walk Alone". 

Meanwhile, in Manila yes- 
terday, 80 former MPs from 
the New Society Movement of 
Mr Marcos said they would 
convene a symbolic National 
Assembly session to protest 
against Mrs Aquino'S decision 
to abolish foe body. 

Outside the presidential 
palace some 1,000 protesters 
urged President Aquino to 

reinstate ousted local officials 
ly $10 million taken from foe 
New York branch of the 
Philippine National Bank has 
been used by foe Marcos 
family, the Son Francisco 
Examiner reported. The mon- 
ey included $1.08 million for 
two parties held by Mrs 
Marcos at New York’s Wal- 
dorf Towers. 

Crown prosecution service: 2 

over to lawyers 

Rom today a network of Crown prosecutors takes merroumMOty JhmlteiK^fraprwK^ 
ing crime. A key feature of foe system will be a ftaimferofiwwCTto the^ regions from Aeofficeaf 
t£» Director of Public Prosecutions in London. In the second of twn articles Frances G&h, Legal 
Affairs Correspondent, looks at how the system wiB work. 

iical chang e in foe way 
of the most serious 
such as rape and 
r are prosecuted takes 
oday with foe introduc- 
foe new Crown prose- 
i service ■ in six 
olitan areas outside 

nationwide network of 
'rown prosecutors trad 
Bams of prosecuting 
> will take over respon- 
for foe prosecution of 
dcs after police have 
ed proceedings- 
they wiB also take oa 
ability for prosecuting 
of foe most senons 
s, which hitherto have 
be referred to foe office 
Director of Public 

now to be handfed 
teiude murde r cases 


jape cases; causing 
\j .reckless driving 
deceased is a near 
robberies whe re fi re- 
us ed and injury, is 


1 or terrorist 
easts cases, 
nd race refo- 
5 - have 

foe new 
e. 7 •••-- 

bange wiB 
least half in 
a year now 
-or consent 

on prosecutions to the DPP. It 
will mean also far fewer actual 
prosecutions by the DPP. 
These run at some 1,500 a 
year, half of which are police 
complaints. Pofice complaints 
win still go through the DPPs 

office but the bulk of the other 
offences will go out to local 

Overall policy, however, 
will still be foe DPP's respon- 
sibility. One aim of t he ne w 
service is to ensure greater 
consistency in prosecution 
practice, and guidelines have 
gone out to aB 40 prosecuting 
departments Whidi wifl make 
up the service when fully 
operational in October. 

The target is a team of 1 .500 
lawyers to handle prosecu- 
tions. But because of foe 

problems in recruiting foe 
extra lawyers in a short space 
of time, private practitioners, 
both sotimtois and banisters, 
will be heavily involved at 
fin* in filling foe gaps, and 
negotiations are in tram be- 
tween foe Government and 
foe frffd profession on rates or 

pa y. 

The profession expects, too, 
to continue to do all proseoj- 
tions in the Oownjxmrt, 
where foe mw . prosecutors 
(barristers or solicitors) wiB 
have no right-to appear. 

Although aimed at boosting 
' public confidence in the prose- , 
cution process, sane ennes 

fear foal as foe iratial demaon 

to start proceedings. stiU 

with the police, ® 

-Scotland, it may not have the 

desired effect of weeding out 
poor cases. 

Those in charge are confi- 
dent however. The DPP, Sir 
Thomas Hetherington, QC, 
says that instructions to the 
prosecutors will emphasize 
the need for independence 
from the police, and not being 
improperly influenced. 

Mr David Gandy, a former 
chief prosecuting solicitor and 
now head of field manage- 
ment in the service, said: “We 
set. off very much with a 
willingness from police to 
make it work, make it efficient 
and only to charge those cases 
where there is a reasonable 
diance of conviction." 

He added that if the prose- 
cutors let a case proceed which 
should not do so, there would 
be criticism from judges when 
it came to court, “rightly so, 
because in the final analysis 
this is about improving, the 
criminal justice system". 

A second improvement un- 
der foe new service wiB be 
time limits, on the various 
stages in bringing a case to 
trial, similar to .foe 110-day 
rate which applies in Scotiand. 
Pilot projects were set up in 
November in ^Bristol, Bir- 
nringham. Maidstone and 
Southwark to determine the 
most suitable time limits for 
periods of remand or hail. 
Cases not brought to coral 
within foe limits would fees 
being thrown out - : . 

As a result foe bug; delays 
for defendants awaiting trial 
wifl. ft is hoped, be-cat: ; 


sells maize 
to S Africa 

From Jan Raath 

Zimbabwe, with abundant 
stocks of maize from a season 
relatively good rains, is in 
the midst of despatching an 
order for 200,000 tons to 
South Africa. Agricultural au- 
thorities here expect a further 
order for. another 100,000 
tons.’ - 

Intense lobbying over the 
method of payment is com 
tinning, .but agricultural 
stances say that as matters 
stand half will be paid in 
foreign cuneocy and foe re- 
mainder by barter, in terms of 
tractors, lubricating oik and 

If foe second order is forth- 
coming, Zimbabwe can earn 
roughly £30 million, with the 

bong sold well above 
the local price of £75 a ton. 

South Africa has suffered 
severely from poor and late 
rains in its maize areas this 
season, as well as from a 
plague of locusts. 

South African experts have 
estimated that the remains of 
this year’s crop wiB be har- 
vested only in June. The 
contract for the supply of 
Zimbabwean maize ends on 
April 24, and sources say they 
believe Zimbabwe will be 
called on again to fiB the gap 
between the April deadline 
and the June harvest. 

Smith African bulk maize 
wagons are being loaded now 
for shipment direct to Trans- 
vaal milling companies. 

The contract contains a 
double irony. South Africa, 
whose President Botha has 
frequently dismissed its black- 
ruled neighbours as incapable 
of feeding themselves, has 
joined the perennial food defi- 
cit countries of Ethiopia, Mo- 
zambique nod Zambia as 
customers for Zimbabwe's 

Zimbabwe is also probably 
Africa's leading proponent of 
trade sanctions against South 

Premier seeking help for recovery plan 

Peres on US trip to revive 
Mid-East peace process 

From David Bernstein, Jerusalem 

The Israeli Prime Minister. 
Mr Shimon Peres, left for 
Washington yesterday for a 
three-day visit during whidi 
he will discuss ways of reviv- 
ing the Middle East peace 

Little dramatic is expected 
from foe visit, the main 
purpose of which is to enable 
Mr Feres to take part ip the 
jubilee celebrations of the 
World Jewish Congress iaier 
this week in New York. 

But he will be using foe 
opportunity to discuss foe 
peace process with Vice-Presi- 
dent Bush and foe Secretary of 
State, Mr George Shultz. He 
wiB not meet President Rea- 
gan, who is on holiday in 

Other likely topics include 
Israel's participation in the 
Star Wars programme and 
what the press here has 

Beirut truce 
after 10 die 
in camp clash 

Beirut (Reuter) — A shaky 
ceasefire look hold in Beirut's 
Palestinian refugee camps yes- 
terday after 10 people were 
killed in the worst fighting 
between Shia Muslims and 
Palestinians for six months. 

Sporadic shooting tapered 
off as foe leader of foe Shia 
Amal militia, Mr Nabih Beni, 
met Palestinian leaders and 
Syrian observers to discuss 
bolstering the ceasefire negoti- 
ated on Sunday. 

Ambulances drove into Sa- 
bra and Chatila camps to 
evacuate Palestinians wound- 
ed in three days of fighting in 
which heavy machine guns, 
mortars and anti-tank weap- 
ons were used. 

Most of the camps' 20,000 
residents were believed to be 
still sheltering indoors or in 
underground bunkers. 

dubbed Mr Peres's “Middle 
East Marshall Plan”. 

Under it pro-Western coun- 
tries in foe region, which, Mr 
Peres fears, could be destabi- 
lized by upheavals resulting 
from plummeting oil prices, 
would receive financial aid 
from foe US and other West- 
ern industrial countries. 

Given foe' recent cuts in US 
programmes. Mr Peres is not 
expected to come back with 
much in the way of immediate 
economic aid to Israel, partic- 
ularly as the Americans are 
not likely to approve foe $350 
million (£230 million) rescue 
package he rammed through 
his Cabinet on Sunday to bail 
out the country’s largest build- 
ing company. Sold Boneh. foe 
foundering health fund of foe 
Histadrut (labour federation) 
and foe embattled cotton 

The package is cited by 
economists as confirmation 
that the new fiscal year starl- 
ing today will be one of 
continued economic stagna- 
tion, with foe Government 
more concerned with keeping 
existing industries from going 
under than embarking on the 
takeoff stage outlined in foe 
original economic recovery 

The budget for fiscal 1986 
was expected to have a rela- 
tively easy passage in foe 
Knesset. Before leaving for 
Washington Mr Peres had 
insisted on blanket support 
from his Labour Party, while 
his Likud partners apparently 
realized that failure to support 
foe budget could bring down 
foe government before their 
leader, Mr Yitzhak Shamir, 
lakes over foe premiership in 

Israelis shoot bomber 

Jerusalem — There was 
considerable unrest in foe 
Israel-occupied West Bank 
and Gaza Strip yesterday after 
foe quietest Land Day demon- 
strations in 10 years on Sun- 
day (David Bernstein writes). 

Land Day — which com- 
memorates foe March 30, 
1976, shooting of six Israeli 
Arabs in dashes with security 
forces during protests against 
foe appropriation of Arab- 
owned land in Galilee — is 
usually marked by demonstra- 
tions and unrest both inside 
Israel and, more especiaHy, its 
occupied territories. Yester- 
day it was largely peaceful. 

But in foe worst incident a 
Palestinian youth was shot 
dead by Israeli security forces 
after throwing a petrol bomb 
at an Army patrol In foe ef- 
Bureij refugee camp in foe 
Gaza Strip. 

The usually peaceful West 
Bank town of Jericho was also 

placed under curfew for sever- 
al hours after a fire bomb 
attack on an Israeli patrol. 

An Army spokesman said a 
student was wounded when 
soldiers opened fire on foe 
West Bank to disperse about 
100 demonstrators at the Bit 
Zeit University campus, 30 
miles from Tel Aviv. 

He said Israeli soldiers 
threw tear gas cannisters and 
fired over foe heads of protest- 
ers who were throwing stones 
at Israeli vehicles. 

One student, who ignored 
the soldiers’ orders to leave 
foe are a, was shot in the leg 
and taken to Hadassah Hospi- 
tal in Jerusalem. 

The Army described the 
incident as “routine" 

In a second demonstration 
at a teachers* college in 
Ramallah near by, women 
students unfurled Palestinian 
flags and stoned Israeli 

44 die in ; 
Frelimo j t 
plane ! 

nd in 
ve to 





Maputo (AFP, AP) — The 
wife of General Alberto 
Chipande. Mozambique's ; 
Minister of Defence, was one ‘ 
of 44 people who died when an 
Air Force transport crashed ; 
shortly after take-off on 1 

The ruling Frelimo Party 
said that Mrs Maria 
Chipande. a founding member 
of foe organization — foe 
Mozambique Liberation 
Front which led foe indepen- 
dence war against foe Portu- 
guese colonial authorities 
prior to 1975 — died in foe.* 
crash near foe north-eastern-.' 
town of Pemba. s 

Five people survived the 
crash and all were said to be in ' 
serious condition. 

The dead included three . 

Soviet crew, three administra- . 
tors of foe Mueda and Palma . t% 
districts rn Cabo Delgado on, ^ g. 
the Tanzanian border, a worn- 11 «j s 
an MP and three regional s . 
Frelimo officials. 1 e a 

The Mozambican News ; r to 
Agency said the cause of the ' - 

crash appeared to be engine v i 
trouble and there was no J - ' 
indication of sabotage or mili- ' is 
tary attack. nti £ 

" — ' ' Qgj 

Civil war ^ 




is m. 




ie cs 
T ~ tn 
c- a 
81 3k 




3 Udine 

i Ting 

id I .SC 

1 Ma? 

• is d 
nee o 


over, says 

Kampala (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Museveni, announcing 
the end of years of civil war in 
Uganda, has proclaimed na- 
tional reconciliation to be foe 
chief task facing the country. 

His statement followed foe 
capture Iasi week by foe 
National Resistance Army of 
foe north-western town of 
Arua. the last important out- 
post still in foe bands of 
soldiers loyal to the ousted 
head of state. General Tito 

Uganda radio quoted Mr 
Museveni as teUing senior 
government officials and reli- 
gious leaders that with foe end 
of the "liberation war to 
restore peace and democracy 
in the country after five years 
of struggle" reconciliatiou 
must begin. 

“The plan is not only to 
eradicate armed criminals, but 
also to clean all government 
institutions." he was quoted 
as saying. 

“The main task ... after 
pushing bad elements out of 
the country is to unite foe 
entire population and install a 
government for foe people, 
unlike past regimes which 
were destabilizing foe nation." 

President Museveni added 
that the new government 
planned to embark on a 
national recovery programme. 


i _ 

= [ 

u. lot 
ling t! 
al Sui 
ye pul 
, A pi 


n bur 
*e an 


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a- 5 
nt *t 
ie i. 
es >. 


nx hr 
jse i 

d by 
se t 
■f h« 

ne : 
i coi 


*. til 

defy ban 
at memorial 

Johannesburg (AP) - Defy- 
ing a ban on outdoor gather- 
ings. about 20.000 blacks 
yesterday attended a memori- 
al service for Moses Mabhida, 
a black nationalist and Com- 
munist Party leader who died 
in exile in Mozambique on 
March 8. 

The service was held in a 
football stadium in Zwide. a 
township outside Port Eliza- 
beth. Security forces were 
deployed near foe stadium, 
but did not interfere. 

During foe four-hour ser- 
vice. Mr Mkhulesi Jack, a 
prominent ami-apartheid ac- 
tivist. announced that a con- 
sumer boycott of white-owned 
businesses in Port Elizabeth 
would resume on April 7. 

Mr Mabhida, who was bur- 
ied with military honours on 
Saturday in Maputo, was gen- 
eral secretary of the South 
African Communist Party and 
a member of the executive 
committee of the African Na- 
tional Congress. 

“ ffii 




3 - 






.« A 

hf m 
iir 15 

r “y 

End to anti-Pretoria rhetoric and ANC haven 

In the second of two 
articles, Michael Hornsby 
reports from Maseru on 
Lesotho’s difficult 
relationship with South 
Africa — a perennial prob- 
lem for this small and 
strategically located king- 
dom, whatever govern- 
ment is in power there. 

ft was widely assorted that 
Strath Africa engineered the 
military crap which toppled 
Chief Jonathan last Jannaiy. 
Certainly, foe ecoaontic block- 
ade imposed by Pretoria dar- 
ing foe last days of his rule 
brought tensions within foe 
small kingdom to a head. 

But South African pressure 
merely advanced a showdown 
between senior Army com- 
manders and foe maeashigiy 
lawless youth wing of Chief 
Jonathan’s Basotho National 
Party (BNP) that would have 
Occurred sooner er later. 

Chid' Jonathan was helped 
into power by foe Sobfo 
Africans, was foe first leader 
of an independent Made Afri- 
can state to confer with a 
Sooth African prime minister, 
ami in his early days was 

wore than Pretoria’s poppet. 

His image changed as he 

shrewdly realized that interna- 
tional sympathy, and aid, 
could be drammed up. by 
playing the role of plucky little 
Lesotho versus the South Afri- 
can Goliath, a posture that 
also had the merit of diverting 
attention from his declining 
popnlarity at home. 

Bnt geography and econom- 
ics dictate that Lesotho cannot 
survive for long without a 
working arrangement with 
Sooth Africa, by which it is 
totally enclosed Up to 30 per 
cent of Lesotho’s male popula- 
tion work in South African 
mines, remitting sizeable 
funds home, and all its elec- 
tricity conies from the 

The most visible cb&n$e 
under foe new Government in 
Masern, in which power seems 
to be shared by the Army 

commander, Major-General 
Lekhanya, and King 
Moshoeshoe, the formerly 
powerless monarch, ha^ been a 
dramatic decline in anti-Pre- 
toria rhetoric. 


Part 2 

Less advertised has been the 
deportation of around 100 
members of foe outlawed Afri- 
can National Congress to 
Zambia. Their presence had 
long been a bone of contention 
between Pretoria and Chief 
Jonathan, and fed to a South 
African raid on alleged ANC 
homes in Maseru in Decem- 
ber 1982- 

South Africa is reported to 
be pressing for the expulsion 
of another 40 or so ANC 

members in Lesotho. On 
March 14 a young black, who 
had been on a list of persons to 
be evacuated to Zambia bat 
had been left behind because 
the ANC said be was not ora 
of their members, was kid- 
napped and taken across the 
border into Sooth Africa at 

Major-General Lekhanya 
insists that Lesotho will con- 
tinue to offer asylum to “geno- 
me refugees” from South 
Africa, of whom there are 
some 11,000 already m the 
kingdom. There is thus the 
potential for continuing dis- 
pute with Pretoria, which nses 
the term “terrorist” loosely. 

The new Government also 
says that it does not intend 
dosing down foe Soviet, Chi- 
nese, North Korean and other 
Communist embassies which 
angered South Africa when 

Area: 1 1,700 sq miles. 

Population: 1.5 million, of which about 70 per 
cent are Christian. 

Official languages: Sesotho and English. 
History: Moshoeshoe L founder of Bastxto 
nation, born in 1786. Lesotho annexed by 
Britain in 1868. Independence granted on 
October 4. 1966. 

Economy: Gross national product $426 mil- 
lion: per capita income (official 1983/84 
figures) $290. Manufacturing accounts for 
only 7 per cent of gross domestic product and 
agriculture (wool and mohair axe exported) for 
about 30 per cent The rest is contributed by 
foe eaniings of foe 140,000 Basutos who work 
in South African mines. 

they were opened in Mascara 
under Chief Jonathan. Rela- 
tions with South Korea, sus- 
pended under the previous 
government, have been re- 
stored * however, and -some 
North Korean technicians sent 

The signs are that Lesotho's 
new refers, while much more 
realistic than Chief Jonathan 
about their room for manoeu- 
vre, will not be wholly subser- 
vient to Pretoria. The new 
Minister of Law, Mr Khalaki 
Sello, for example, is a left- 
wing lawyer who was impris- 
oned for two yean in Sooth 
Africa in foe 1960s for pro- 
ANC political activities. 

An immediate benefit of (fe 
less tense relations between 
Maseru and Pretoria should 
be the signing soon of a long- 
awaited agreement on to? 
ambitions Highlands Water 

A vast complex of dams, 
tunnels and pomps that wiB 
cost at least £1300 million and 
take 25 years to build, it will 
enable Lesotho to genmte its 
own electricity and earn valu- 
able incrane % exporting wai- 
ter to Smith Africa. ; 


X — j 





•J »* 










From next week, there’ll be a fast new way 
to leave the country. Heathrow’s new Terminal 4. 

All British Airways flights to Paris and 
Amsterdam and all their Intercontinental services 
including Concorde, will take off from there. 

As will all KLM, NLM and Air Malta flights. 

But if you’re using our new 
Terminal, there’s something you 
ought to know. 

It can’t be reached the same way 
as Terminals 1, 2 and 3. 

So it’s more important than 
ever to know which Terminal to 

LM E3 d .Q 

report to, 

ens on April 12, 1986 

And if it’s Terminal 4, how to get there. 

By car, that means following the special road 
signs on the motorways. By bus, it means getting off 
at the Terminal 4 stop. 

By tube, it means using the new Terminal 4 
station between Hatton Cross and Heathrow Central. 

Terminal 4 cost -£200 million 
to build. (Not a penny of it, by the 
way, from the pockets of tax payers.) 

We think it’s one of the best 
airport terminals in Europe. 

Fly through 
it soon and see 
if you agree. 


- . British . 


i The World’s Most Sucoessful International Airport System 




. •• .■*,.■ *$ - 

iles to rebels 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

ih^pe^L^SSlatedS! a tends . to. wap war by proxy. 

a-iflSS* Wfflffass 

gan ftdrhfnistrauon <j£ acting disoiss a’ nuclear test Han. ' *^ rem * , n s anger was made lo 

with “cymc^/cnieUy-inlJ Thf^nfo^^^cted filing home with 

“interference** or iheaffeire of to h,m *» a four-nation Euro- 

Nicaragua, ^Angola, Libya and LSSS BSJS* * 

other countries, American ooliev t*nbacbov s broadcast on 

Addnsssmg >a . Kremlin din- Yesterday tSs accused the lw^ n y ^2LS^J? f ,- a “ ew 
ner for the! visiting President ;USrfint»nsHvm» it*™!™ «r Kjcrahn P 3 ®. 6 ™ of deh ve ™S 

gan K^lnisliailon o£ acting . disciiss & nuclear test ban. 
u 11 ? entity' in its The conference is expected 

interference. enheaflairs of to become another televised 

NKMlrainta anftAl^ v J a. i* «- • « 

Nicaragua,V^igbla, Libya and foru'm^aserfes<rfa^^ck^ gg, JJJk \“L*5i Mf 
other countries, American ooliev Oortartov s broadcast on 

Addressing^ . Kremlin din- Yesterday tSs accused the 
ner for the! visiting President %US of intensiivme itsnnlicv nf f ^ reral ™ pattern of delivering 
Samora^ Macbel of Mozam- - SnfhcS *** m public. “We 

braue, Mr Gorfgchov said:- mSBiJSS!' SSP “ *“ 

Your country feels all the ment in the trmibte spots of ^ T? £ 

consequences of the crisis the world, notably Central Yesterday Tass issued a 

situation that has developed America, southern Africa, the tough rejoinder to what it 

in the south of Africa. There is Middle East and Asia,” and “escribed as a plea from Mr 

“Your country feels all the 
consequences of the crisis 
situation that has developed 
in the south of Africa. There is 
no need to prove that its chief 
source lies in the aggressive 
policy of the racist Pretoria 
regime, backed by the United 
States and its allies.” 

Speaking only hours before 
the midnight expiry of the 
deadline set for the unilateral 
moratorium on Soviet nuclear 
tests - now extended until the 
next US lest — Mr Gorbachov 
repeated his call to President 
Reagan to join him for talks 
on a test-ban treaty. ' 

The Russians have also 
dismissed as “hypocritical” 
the call by Mr George Shultz, 
the US Secretary of State, fora 

in uiw uvuun> auuuj t/L -- _ _ _ . _ 

the world, notably Central . Yesterday lass issued a 
America, southern Africa, the tpugb i-ngomder to what it 
Middle East .and Asia.” and 35 a Pte® from Mr 

condemned Washington over • Sb^tz for a return to “calm 
reports that it was supplying ^dpurposeful discussion of 
arivanrpd tn AfoK^n problems” and “a revival of 

advanced weaponry to Afghan 
and Angolan rebels. 

“The White House . de- 
scribes bandits — whom it 
lavishly supplies with weap- 

problems” and “a revival of 
the progress'* achieved in the 
period preceding November's 
Geneva summit 

lavishly supplies with weap- “However,” the agency 
ons — by a Tofty-sounding said, “on the eve of his trip, at 
word: ‘freedom fighters’. This a meeting with ultra right- 
word-juggling' act however, wmg organizations, the same 
cannot conceal the feet that in Shultz announced massive 
reality Washington befriends new arms deliveries to all sorts 
. hardened., criminals, profes- of gangs in various parts of the 
sional hangmen and world, with the help of which 
terrorists ” . . . the CIA is frying to overthrow 

sidnal hangmen - and world, with the help of which 
terrorists ” .... the CIA is frying lo overthrow 

Tass said the missiles would legitimate governments which 
be delivered via Pakistan, pursue a policy unsuitable to 
“Washington, obviously in- Washington.” 

Scientists could verify bomb tests 

From Alan.McGregor, Geneva 

Looking b^ond the present 
Soviet-American propaganda 
duel, government-appointed 
experts from 32 states, includ- 
ing the two superpowers and 
Britain, have produced a re- 
port' saying that international 
seismic monitoring of under- 
ground nuclear tests can be 
assured . with technical im- 
provements to existing or 
planned national installations. 

The experts, meeting under 
the auspices of the UR Disar- 
mament Conference, assessed 
results of a two-month experi- 
ment involving 75 seismo- 
graph stations in 37 
countriesand found that 50 
seismological stations around 

the globe could ensure reliabie 
identification of tests, provid- 
ed they had modern digital 
seismographs with standard 
characteristics. For a few 
countries the present-link to 
the World Meteorological Or- 
ganization network, which 
transmits data to international 
processing centres, must be 
improved. - : 

The experts hope that an 
efficient seismic network, 
even without on-site inspec- 
tion, may featf to a lowering of 
at least 50 per cent oflheyiek! 
set . in the 1974 test ban treaty. 
Tbiis would pave- the- way 
towards a test ban. " 

• Analysis advance: Accord- 

ing to this new .report, recent 
progress in electronic detec- 
tion and computer analysis 
nuke it possible to build a 
reliable monitoring network. 
If the network could pinpoint 
explosions down to 15 
- ktlotonnes, it would totally 
rule out clandestine tests (our 
Science Editor writes). 

Improvements in the elec- 
tronic devices have increased 
: sensitivity. But the most im- 
portant advance has been in 
computer analysis-The prob- 
^iem to solve was identifying 
man-made disturbances from 
" the thousands of natural 
events picked up by seismic 
instruments. , 

to Palme killing 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm . ' 

Police hunting the assassin 
of MrOlof Palme, the Swedish 
Prime Minister, were m more 
optimistic mood yesterday as 
they held a surprise bank 
holiday press conference to 
show the type of murder 
weapon they are searching for. 

Mr Hans Holmer, the 
Stockholm police chief, posed 
for photographers holding 
long-and short-barrdled ver- 
sions of a Smith and Wesson 
.357 Magnum revolver. “We 
are certain this was the sort of 
gun used,” he said. 

Mr Holmer said two micro- ■ 
scopic particles of gunpowder 
had been found on the arm of 
a jacket worn by Victor Gun - 
narsson, the man previously 
charged with the murder but 
released because of lack of 

Mr Gunnarsson, aged 32, is 
now to protective custody at a 
secret address. 

Mr Holmer refused to com- 
ment, on the significance of the 
gunpowder, particles.. The 
jacket- was still being analysed 
by experts. 

He said there had been no 

further, interrogation ol Mr: 
Gunnarsson, a former mem- 
ber of the extreme right-wing 
European Workers’ Party, 
which had conducted a viru- 
lent campaign, against Mr 
Palme; inchiding tbe publica- 
tion of an alleged “missing 
chapter of his life” in which it 
was claimed his family had 
N ay i links. 

Mr Holmer reminded re- 
porters that a 1 reward 1 of 
£50,000 would be paid for 
information leading to the 1 
arrest of the assassin.- “lax 
free” he added with a smile. 
He said recovery of the weap- 
on was always vital in a 
murder hunt. 

Police are npw analysing the 
results of aerial photography 
of central Stockholm carried 
out at the weekend by a 
Swedish Air Force Viggen Jet 
fighter equipped with .an infra- 
red camera. 

Mr Holmer said police were 
now certain ■ that _the spot 
where Mr Palme was shot on 
February 28 was chosen on 
impulse by the ltiller. 




By Caroline Moorehead 

Wieslaw Pyzio is one of 
about 200 people in prison in 
Poland fra- having taken part 
in non-violent political 

Most have been charged 
with printing or distributing 
illegal iB»maal Iherafnre or 
s-sSls belonging to an illegal 
organization— generally, Soli- 
darity, the banned trade anion. 

Mr Pyzio is % and a 
sawmill worker. He first came 
to the attention of the anthori- 
ties soon after the imposition 
of martial law in December 
1981, when he was arrested 
and jailed for three years for 
dis tribu t in g samizdat litera- 
ture. He was released under 
the amnesty of July 1983. 

But in June 1985 he was 
again arrested. 

In July, a regional court in 
Wadowice, in southern Po- 
land, sentenced him to two and 

a half years in prison. 

Waldheim’s other roles 


Princess for a day: Mrs Caro- 
iine Ure, wife of Mr Jota Ure, 
British Ambassador to (frazil, 
rode in the royal car in Mo de 
Janeiro last week in place of 
Princess Anne; after tip-ons 
that a drags gaufr planned © 
kidnap the royal visitor. 

Belgrade (AFP) — The Bel- 
grade newspaper Vecemje 
Nowsti yesterday published 
further extracts from a 1947 
Yugoslav State Commission 
fife on the alleged war activi- 
ties of Dr Kurt Waldheim, the 
former UN Secretary-GeneraL 
The file said that the then 
•Wehnnacht Deutenant, ac- 
cording to witnesses, was not 
merely an interpreter as he 
daims, but had quite different 
functions. One witness, Johan 
Mayer, had told the comnns- 
skm. that Lieutenant wald-_ 
heim was officially an aide-de- 
camp; but in feci earned out 

the functions of an intelligence 

Another witness, Markus 
Ham, said that Lieutenant 
Waldheim was in chaige of 
Greece, and then Serbia. His 
job was to analyse enemy 

nization of partisans and the i 
slate of public opinion. He i 
also had a map of the situation 
in Russia. ! 

Dr Waldheim, who is stand- 
ing in the Austrian preside n- ! 
tiaJ elections on Friday, has 1 
maintained that he is totally i 
innocent ofany war crimes. | 

Doubts on Svetlana’s visa 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

It was confirmed yesterday 
that Svetlana AJfoluyeya. the 
only daughter of Joseph Se- 
lin. was irying to leave the 
Soviet Union after returning 
here from the West, in a blaze 
of publicity if months sga . 

Mr Vjktor;li>ms, a Soviet 
journalist often used as an 
indirect sotfree ; fOT.oraaaJ 
information; told Western re- 
porters fear ^Muwya.was 
now in Moscow seom^ per- 
mission to leave fee -counfry 
wife her US-born daughter 


held talks with fee Acaenem 

embassy, which regards them 
both as American citizens. 

Mr Louis, who has often 
acted as a conduit for informa- 
tion about Soviet citizens 
potentially embarrassing to 

ffie authorities, .was ^ac- 
cused by AUitoyeva, aged 59, 
of circulating a doctored cm 
of her memoirs rfo the West. 
He said yesterday it 
unlikely the Soviet authorities 
would grant, her- exit P*P*j* 
although it would probably 
give them w 0, 8«- . 

.Alliluyeva was R ve 2. "2 
her Soviet citizenship by 


- The Soviet .journahrt said 

be understood Alliluyeva was 
trying to send her •daughter to 
an English school He said he 
did &ol know whether she 
herself wanted lo leave the 
USSR permanently or merely 
accompany Olga to England. 

Olga, the daughter of her. 
third marriage to American 
architect Mr William Peters, 
previously attended a Quaker 
school at Safiron Walden in 
England. : 

Nothing has been heard 
from Alliluyeva since the con- 1 
troversial press conference she 
gave for selected newsmen in 
Moscow after . spending " 17. 
years in the West. 

Canadian _r 

senator i 

calls off 5 
his fast 

Ottawa — Senator Jacques 
Heben drank a glass of grape- « 

fruit juice, ending a three- A - re .;j 
week hunger strike on behalf ! lI ^ rf 
of unemployed Canadian ! i °^) 
youth (John Best writes). 1 na - , 
The 62-vear-old Liberal 1 D£ j . .] 
gave up his fast after a former : ve J” ; 
Liberal minister, Mr Jean ‘ ns” 
Chretien, promised to seek ey no ; 
wa>s to revive an axed youth : »j_ : 

programme. : > 

Demonstrators using logs charge a perimeter fence of a nuclear recycling plant at Wackersdorf, West Germany, yesterday 
daring an Easter rally attended by 30,000 people. Police used water camion and irritant gas against some of the protesters. 

Cairo goes Sudan scraps Egypt links 
** a T°T, e as a Nimeiry irrelevance 

OVGr 1 Ehfirtnmn nii>nh>ri- Snian Munmimimtion with Cairo also been inactive since the 

Sudan scraps Egypt links 
as a Nimeiry irrelevance 

From A Correspondent 

Egypt has signalled feat 
despite its differences with 
Colonel Gadaffi Cairo has no 
intention of being dragged 
into any US-sponsored mili- 
tary action against his regime. 

In an article by Mr Ibrahim 
Nafeh, the paper's chairman 
and a confidant of President 
Mubarak, the semi-official ol- 
Ahrom paper said yesterday 
feat fee US had three times 
suggested that Egypt join its 
miliiaiy action against Libya. 
Each time Egypt refused. 

Asked about the report, the 
outgoing US Ambassador, Mr 
Nicholas Veliotes, said he had 
not seen it and added: “Don't 
believe everything you read in 
the press”. 

The article appears to be 
aimed at pre-empting attacks 
by Libyan sympathizers angry 
about the recent US action, 
and as a signal to fee Arabs ! 
that Egypt's close ties with 
Washington will not stop its 
independence of action. 

Khaitmm (Renter) — Sudan 
has decided to dissolve the 
institutions set up usder its 
1982 integration agreement 
with Egypt, which it considers 
an extravagant and irrelevant 
legacy from deposed President 
Jaafar Nimeiry. 

The Cabinet took the deci- 
sion on Sunday on the ground 
that the integration “was an 
act imposed from above which 
did not express the joint 
interests of fee two peoples,” 
the official Sudan news agency 
Sana said. 

The integration process has 
been largely in abeyance since 
fee overthrow of Mr Nimeiry 
last April and the significance 
of the announcement was seen 
as more symbolic than 

A shift in Sodanese foreign 
policy towards Egypt's arch- 
enemy Libya has accelerated 
in recent weeks in line wife 
increased Libyan military as- 
sistance against rebels in fee 
sooth of fee country. 

The Cabinet kept its lines of 

communication wife Cairo 
open, however, saying the 
ministers “affirmed the inte- 
gration principle as a historic, 
cnitnral and day-to-day reality 
and fee aspiration of fee two 
brotherly peoples”. 

Co-ordination and joint eco- 
nomic projects wife Egypt 
would continue and Sudan 
wonid contact Cairo to explain 
and clarify its decision, Sana 

The main practical effect of 
fee decision is feat fee heads 
and employees of fee integra- 
tion bureaucracy will retire or 
return to their original jobs in 
the civil service. 

The Supreme Integration 
Council, which grasped the 
heads of state of Egypt and 
Sudan, has not met in that 
form since General Abdul- 
Rflhman Swareddafacb took 
power from Mr Nimeiry after 
a popular uprising in April. 

A Nile Valley Parliament, 
declared officially frozen by 
fee Cabinet on Sunday, has 

also been inactive since the 
former president (led to Egypt. 

Egypt's refusal to extradite 
Mr Nimeiry for trial aod 
Sudanese dissatisfaction wife 
the integration process soured 
ties wife Cairo in fee early 
months of fee new government 
hot a series or high-level visits 
succeeded in restoring normal 
relations by last autumn. 

Sana said (he issue wonid be 
referred to the Constituent 
Assembly which will emerge 
from general elections starting 
tomorrow. j 

• CAIRO: Mr Osama Baz, 
fee presidential adviser, said 
yesterday that relations be- 
tween Egypt and Sudan were 
good and normal despite 
Khartoum's decision to scrap 
joint institutions. 

“There is no sense of crisis 
between ns and Sudan. Our 
relations are normal and good 
and we ronld reach an under- 
standing on this or any other 
issue,” Mr Baz told reporters 
after meeting with President 

Beatle mania : 

in Russia j 

Moscow (AP) - Copies of 
two Beatles albums were an 
immediate sellout in thetr^ 
debut at Soviet record stores--' 
over the weekend, officials o£?: 
the state recording company-' 
Melodiya said. -- * 

This is the first time ’ 
Melodiya has received official ■ 
sanction to produce Beatles 

Silence ends 

Rio dc Janeiro (AFP) — The 
Vatican has lifted a one-year ) 
sentence of silence imposed 
last May on the Brazilian i 
Franciscan priest. Father 
Leonard Boff. a leading expo- ' 
nent of liberation theology, i 
informed sources said here. i 


Soviet scandal ; 

Moscow (Reuter) — A num- . 
ber of senior officials, includ- 
ing ministers, were sacked , 
after a Turkmenistan cotton 
scandal involving falsified fig- 
ures which cost the state about 
£37 million, Pravda said. 

Hotel riot 

Leerdam (AP) — Dutch 
police are investigating a *. 
weekend riot that burnt down J 
a hotel where right-wing , 
groups were holding a E 
meeting. r 

Sea rescue \ 

Troisdorf, West Germany . 
(AP)— The West German ship _ 
Cap Anamur II rescued 100 "r 
“boat people” in the South « 
China Sea. a private humani- 1 
lari an organization said. 

Clip joints 

Seoul (AFP) — Seventeen - 
i barber shop owners were ar- 
rested here and 87 women 
: employees sent to a re-educa- 
:tion camp on charges of 
prostitution. Police raided 145 
all-night shops '[ 

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Foreign Secretary promises change in law to allow extradition 

Howe’s concessions on 


Korean rally 

Sikh extremists 

ease strains with India 

From David Watts, Seoul 

Police arrested 69 people in of many ever since he as- 

.r ntnwrl i innirp 

From Michael HamJyn, Delhi 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, in his first 
meeting with his Indian oppo- 
site number yesterday, an- 
nounced a number of sig- 
nificant concessions to the 
Indian view that London is 
not doing enough to curb Sikh 
extremists in Britain. 

Sir Geoffrey told Mr 
Baliram Bhagat, the Minister 
for External Affairs, that Brit- 
ain was now prepared to agree 
to two main steps, which will 
require amendment of British 
legislation, making it easier to 
extradite terrorists to India. 

The Foreign Secretary also 
told the Indian minister that 
Mr Douglas Hurd, the Home 
Secretary, had rejected an 
application by Mr Jaswant 
Singh Tbekedar for asylum. 

Mr Thekedar is the self- 
described defence minister of 
the would-be independent 
Sikh state of Khalislan, and 
caused an outcry in India 
when he was granted a council 
house by Ealing Borough 
Council recently. 

In the early morning Sir 
Geoffrey visited the River 
Yamuna to lay a wreath on the 
cremation sites of Mis Indira 
Gandhi and Mahatma Gandhi 

fence, the Foreign Secretary 
urged a co-operative effort, 
telling Mr Bhagat: “Let us get 
on lop of this together, before 
this gets on top of us." 

Sir Geoffrey also said Brit- 
ain was ready to adopt a “no- 
list" method of judging what 
offences were extraditable. In- 
stead of a list of offences, all 
those which carried a sentence 
of 12 months or more in 

that it was not possible to 
change the extradition ar- 
rangements between Britain 
and India except by adding 
India's name to those coun- 
tries covered by the Preven- 
tion of Terrorism Act. 

the southern city of Kwangju 
yesterday when opposition 
supporters defied orders to 

disperse after a big weekend 

The Government warned 
the opposition that it would 

sunned power. 

Officially the Government 
says 191 died, but there is 
widespread disbelief of that 
figure not least because the 
Government has steadfastly 
refused any investigation into 

UK upposiuvu — ■< — 

not permit such unruly bebav- the events at Kwangju. 

• n „ MiMic Tl» mfhr at the w 

The Act. which gives effect 
to the European Convention 

Violence by Sikh extremists 
threatens the arrival in Punjab 
next week of thousands of 
Hindu workers to harvest a 
record wheat crop (Reuter 
reports Grom Amritsar). Alter 
33 Hindus died in weekend 
attacks, police said armed 
guards would protect trains 
and buses carrying the farm- 
workers from the north. 

Punjab contributes about 45 
per cent of wheat and rice 
stocks. A survey s ug gests that 
the number of migrant farm 
workers coming to Punjab for 
the harvesting had dropped 
from more than 100,000 three 
years ago to 50,000 last year, 
and could drop to about 30,000 
this year. 

(the one ironically a victim of 
Sikh extremism, the other of 
Hindu extremism). 

Later he was able to tell Mr 
Bhagat that Britain would 
agree to “disapply” the politi- 
cal offence exception in the 
1967 Fugitive Offenders Act, 
which governs extradition be- 
tween Britain and Common- 
wealth countries, in respect of 
conspiracy in India to commit 
a violent crime there. 

Speaking of terrorist vio- 

prison would come within the 
extradition procedure. 

These concessions have 
been wrung out of the British 
Government by a long and 
often bitter campaign on the 
part of the Indians, who have 
been unhappy at Britain's 
willingness to harbour seces- 
sionists from both Kashmir 

and Punjab who, they say, are 
involved in plotting murder 
and terrorism in India. 

Until last week British offi- 
cials were Still maintaining 

on Terrori s m, agrees that the 
political defence shall not 
apply to terrorism. At present 
it applies only to European 
countries, though the US is 
expected to join shortly. India 
could be included by a simple 
Order in CoundL 

India responded by suggest- 
ing a bilateral extradition 
treaty to replace the Fugitive 
Offenders Act, but Britain 
appeared reluctant to nyik e 
any changes which require 
primary legislation. 

With that reluctance over- 
come, Indian officials will no 
doubt be pressing for more 
changes. Officials of the two 
countries are to get together 
today to analyse the present 
concessions and to see what 
further may be done. 

The Indian Government 
response in general has so far 
fallen short of enthusiastic. 
While the foreign ministry 
spokesman said that Mr 
Bhagat “expressed his appre- 
ciation" for the refusal of Mr 
Thekedar's asylum, he gave 
no reaction to the proposed 
enhancement of the extradi- 
tion rules, noting merely that 
the British proposals would be 
referred lo experts to study. 

The spokesman character- 
ized the talks as “candid". A 
British official described them 
as “businesslike, substantive 
and constructive". 

iour at a rally again — a public 
monument was set on fire and 
police were stoned. The leader 
of the New Korea Democratic 
Party (NKDF% Mr Lee Min 
Woo, apologized for the vio- 
lent incidents and said the 
party- would tty to bring its 
supporters under control at 
future rallies. Both Mr Lee 

The rally at the weekend 
was to launch a petition 
camp aign in the smith-west of 
the country. Signatures are 
being ganiered to demand 
direct presidential elections. 
This is to give the cotmtry a 
chance to elect a civilian 
presidem of its choice rather 

than the electoral coUege once 

lUUUV IlllllVifi h n — — — — « ■ 

and Mr Kim Young Sam of again selecting a reared mih- 
the NKDP had to call on the tary officer on voters behalf. 

crowd for calm. The turn-out at the rally 

tv- v— . seems to have been the biggest 

TTm othCT G f the present series with 

tiou figure, Mr Kun estimates ranging up to 

is not permitted to take part in 
political activities under the 
conditions of his return to 
South Korea and was prevent- 
ed from taking a plane south. 

That there was not more 
violence was probably due to 
the restraint President Chun 
now shows whenever the op- 

estimates ranging up to 
100,000 people in spite of 
Government attempts to di- 
vert t hem with pop angers 
and other attractions. 

President Chun's present 
soft tine with the opposition 
dates from late February when 
he entertained opposition 
leaders at a conciliatory lunch 

position holds a . rally. The . and probably has something 
citizens of Kwangju are the to do with the feet, that he 

most strongly opposed to the 
President in the country. It 
was President Quin who or- 
dered troops into Kwangju to 
quell a student uprising in 
1980. The protest was put 
down with great force and the 
Presidem has been tainted 
with that incident in the eyes 

begins a European four next 
Monday in Londoa. 

The smell of tear gas might 
taint the atmosphere for the 
first visit to Britain by a 
Korean head of state who wffl 
be doing his best to portray a 
gpiml image as the host of the 
next Olympic Games. 

Prince’s house shelled 

t&'I Tokyo (Reuter) - Two 

rockets were fired yesterday at 

the residence of Japan's 

Sir Geoffrey Howe donning special gods while visiting the site on the teaks rf the holy bybut 

river Yamima where Indira Gandhi was cremated alter her murder by Sikh bodygnante. ^th failed to explode. 7 

III R .1*1 i 

« r* ik'B la i 

Police said one rocket land- 
ed by a pood in the grounds of 
the prince's residence and the 
other near the guest house 
where foreign dignitaries from 
six industrialized Western na- 
tions will stay during the May 
economic summit in Tokyo. 

Me of firing four rockets was 

Authorities said they would 
step up security for the sum- 
mit, beginning on May 4, and 
for a ceremony a week eariier 
mflrkmg the sixtieth anniver- 
sary of Emperor Hirohito's 
reign. . 

Home-made rockets were 
launched last week against the 
US Embassy and the 

A policeman was injured bility. The 
hfle investffiatina a burning in Osaka 

I while investigating a burning 
■ car in which a launcher ca pa- 

radical left-wing Senlri (Battle 
Flag) group claimed responsi- 
bility. The police headquarters 
in Osaka also came under 
rocket fire. 

China set I Threat to 

for East another 

nsesasyou jug* 

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: Peking (AFP)— Gnha seeks 
to restore relations with all 
East European communist 
parties but wiB not consider 
party links with Moscow as 
long as three obstacles remain, 
a party spokesman said 

Mr Wu Xingtang. spokes- 
man for the Chinese Commu- 
nist Party- International 
liaison Committee, said that 
so far as Eastern Europe was 
concerned, China was ready to 
restore relations with all par- 
ties but to do so with the 
Soviet Union was impossible. 

Peking holds t hat three 
Obstacles standing in the way 
of normalization of relations 
with the Soviet Union are 
Soviet support for the Viet- 
namese presence in Cambo- 
dia, Soviet troops in 
Afghanistan and the Soviet 
military bnild-up on China's 
northern frontier. 

China has often indicated 
that it is willing to restore ties 
with Eastern European par- 
ities, but Monday's statement 
was the first official confirma- 
tion* that it was pursuing a. 
two-tier strategy in relations 
with the Soviet Union add its 
Eastern European allies, ana- 
lysts said. 

Mr Wu said restoration of 
party ties with Moscow was 
out of the question now and 
denied there had been discus- 
sion of resuming ties at recent 
meetings between Chinese 
and Soviet officials. - 

“We're happy to notice 
development of relations with 
the East European countries in 
many aspects, political, eco- 
nomic and cultural," he said. 

Eastern European diplo- 
mats said that countries in 
Eastern Europe would- not 
resume party ties with Peking 
onto Moscow had done'so. . 

From Hasan Akhtar 
Ishunafrafl - 

Yesterday’s dethronement 
of the Sind Assembly Speaker, 
only 15 months ate- his 
election, by a large majority of 
the Pakistan Masfim Leagoe 
parliamentary party, may pose 
a similar threat to die Speaker 

of the National Assembly, Mr 

His non-aJE^ed- and inde- 
pendentdnded condnct In the 
house is known to have irked 
both President Zht nl-Haq and 
the conn try's federal 

Mr Abdnllah Haiaia 
Haroon, western-educated and 
toe yoangest ever Speaker of 
Sind provnidal assembly, was 
ousted I yesterday front office 
by an 88-2 vote. 

- His oaster, though by no 
means a surprise, aroused 
widespread condemnation 
from independent members of 

antiimttl ami pwwfiffjfll gfflf W. 

Mies. They regarded it as 
pressore on all members try- 
ing to stay ont of the newly- 
formed ruling party and To 
retain the status on which they 
were returned fa the non-party 
elections over a year age. 

Ten members of the SSnd 
Assembly in Karachi, ht e fad- 
ing the ousted speaker, .Mr 
Haroon, fessjcotted. the pro- 
ceedm£v holding them to be 
contrary to assembly rales. 
Ontadde, all public denonsto-, 
tioas were banned. 

Observer s noted that to foe 
National Assembly, Mr Fakhr 

that having been' elected to a 
partyiess bouse be wonld stay- 
non-partisan and mold not \ 
johi the rating, party. . . 

Begum Zia’s alliance 
boycotting May vote 

From Ahmed Fazl, Dhaka 

A united opposition move 
to restore democracy in Ban- 
gladesh after four years of 
martial law received a severe 
jolt yesterday when a seven- 
party alliance led by Begum 
Khaleda Zia decided to boy- 
cott the May election called by 
President Ershad. 

Begum Zia, who also leads 
the former ruling Rangiarfggh 
Nationalist Party, said the 
alliance could -not take part in 
elections unless General 
Ershad quashed martial law 
convictions passed on former 
ministers, released political 

Begum . Zia’s 'decision 
sharpens her partv's differ- 
ences with' Stdkn Hasina 
Wazed’s Awanri League, the 
lai^sst pMitical party in tiie ! 
country, which hasdeddedtp 

take part in the election. . ' 
Sheikh Wazeri's 15-party, 
alliance has split on the pote- 
issue with five patties in the 

group opposing- the election. 
She said, however, that she 

K ers and allowed press 



“There is no atmosphere for 

She said, boweveav that tiie ; 
was p re pared ta fight the pr6- ' . 
Ershad Jatiya Party alone. ^ ; 

Student supportm of foe* 
two alliances, which had joint. . 
ly campaigned for deafocracy - 
since 1983, dashed vioteni^ 
onSundayat DfaakaUnrversi-' - 

I a free vole in the country,” 

I Begum Zia told reporters after 
a 10-day meeting of the alli- 
ance had decided in favour of 
a boycott. 


ty; one student was killed and 
30 were -injured Sheikh 
Wared blamed Begum Zia’s 
supporters and former affi- 
ance colleagues for unleashing 
terrorism against her party. '~ 





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million over 1984 mak es us the most 

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after taxes and the payment of dividends, to re-invest in the services the 
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In a volatile world, our profit reserve gives us the stability that 

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. Strength In the High Street. 

With 2,800 brandies and sub-branches in the UK, employing 
over 77,000 people, Barclays is a powerful force in finan cial retailing. 
As such, it is our obligation, and in our interest, to keep developing 
new products and better service. - . 

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offering competitive interest rates on deposits of £ 1000 and over; and 

deposits of more than £3 billion. 


accounts remain in aedit or retain a 

]By t^fnd of tife.y&i; we were assisting 108,000 home owners 
with mortgages. . - 1 - 

437 UK branches are now open on Saturday morning and we 
note with some pride that all the other major banks have followed us 
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Strength throughout the world. 

, ; is represented in 70 countries employing 28,000 people 
abroad. We have offices in 36 of the United States and are just com- 
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In 1985, we obtained a trust bank licence in Japan and a ba nkin g 
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Lending to the third world is not the problem for Barclays that it 
is for other banks. Of the US$275 billion owed, US banks account for 
34%, UK banks together 12/4% and Barclays 1 V 2 %. 

Strength in corporate services. 

Through our extensive network of offices in the world’s key 
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competitively priced range of services. 

We are the acknowledged leader in the UK foreign exchange 
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For smaHer businesses, weVe introduced the Barclays Businessloan 
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Strength for the future. 

. . . ° , • A^-l T> 1 Ml 

be ready. Wete investing ^60 million m comoining a oroKer ana a 
'jobber with Barclays Merchant Bank and Barclays Investment Manage- 
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Over the next five years, we will be spending £500 million on. 
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sophisticated needs of our customers. 

High interest rates help neither 

The problems faced by small businesses Can become our bad debts. 

MV 1 M«*tkniTA 

help neither smaller businesses nor the bank. 

We will, however continue to ease smaller companies through their 

difficulties. ' . , . . t "■ 

We know that providing financial services is not enough. We are 

iudeed by the way we so** out customers as individuals. That's why, 

J“ i IS we are making a massive investment m re-styling our branches 

S Sediem mote Welcoming. We are also systemabcahy renaming 

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If you’d like more facts and figures, please fill .in t he coupon and 

we’ll send you our annual report. ^ 

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Please send me a copy of the Barclays PLC Report and Accounts 1985. 


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In violent areas, people invent their own 

ways to stay out of danger. In the second 
part of his series, Alan Franks visits 

the scene of one of Britain’s summer riots 

to find out how the beleaguered residents 
are coping with the ever-present threat 

If you believe every word of the 
taxi driver's story, you might 
think you were entering a war zone 
and not the restfully named area of 
Chapeltown, three miles to the 
north of Leeds city centre. 

“You see that button down 
there. If I press that, it puts out a 
‘red call’. That means that all the 
other cars in the firm — and 
there’s more than 250 of them — 
will come straight away to where I 
am no matter what they're doing 
or where they are or whether 
they’ve got a fare in. Don’t matter. 
They'll be there, straight away. 

“Personally, I’ve stopped pick- 
ing up in Francis Street. I was 
there a little while back and there 
was this car parked right across the 
road, barricading it so's I couldn’t 
^get in. Far as I’m concerned, it’s a 
no-go area these days, like it is for 
manv of the drivers in the firm. It 
2on’t mean you can 7 go in if you 
want to. But it's up to you. You've 
igot the option of saying no. 

- “Of my mates. I know two 
personally who got knifed by 
■passengers before they made off 
■with the takings. Then there’s 
'others who just do a runner out of 
■the car and off. without paying the 
'fare. It's right terrible is this place. 
■There’s rapings and muggings and; 
stabbings. You name it, they've 
got it-" 

- By this time he is wanning to his 

theme and there is no stopping 
him. He is rattling on with the 
speed of a meter after midnight “I 
gather that on sotne_Q£M&ions tbe, 
cops have actually used a taxi as a. 
decoy vehicle so they could get the 1 
guys.” . . 

. To demonstrate his even-hand- 
edness he talks about the white 
lads who wreck the pubs down in 
the centre of town, in this respect 
at least he is not exaggerating; you 
only have to see the police 
presence on Saturday nights 
around City Square when the beer- 
swilling soccer Ians stream from 
the station. 

Then, of course, there are the 
Asians, who, he says, are doing 
their best to muscle their way into 
the taxi business and lake over the 
whole of the local trade. And 
finally - inevitably — the West 

Clubs, where you can pick up just 
about any drug you want. Every- 
one around here knows about 
them. And if they haven’t got what 
you want, they’ll direct you to 
somewhere else. 

“I’ve brought folks here from 
the so-called better areas — one 
couple from a real posh suburb — 
and she gels out and says Til be 
back in a minute’, and the guy 
stays in. And when she comes out 
again he looks at what she's 
bought and says ‘That'll do you’ 
and off we go until she says ‘Hang 
on. we haven't got the papers’, so I 
find them a cigarette shop and off 
we go back to Beeston.’’ 

The tight square mile at the 
centre of Chapeltown and the 
adjoining area of Harehills is quite 
simply the most crowded place in 
the British Isles. In 1981 it 
exploded in two nights of rioting 
in the wake of Brixton and 
Toxteth. Today, five years on, a 
senior police officer with 12 years 
experience in the district thinks 
long and hard before answering 
the question: “What would be- 
your advice to people thinking 
about going out alone after dark?" 
His pause is as long as his answer 
is short. “Don’t.” 

in the cramped grid of Victorian 
terraces, and even in the dixlasst 
grandeur of streets like Spencer 
Place, you cannot walk more than 

late because they’ve got nowhere 
to go. They walk about in the 
-afternoon, then maybe it's the 
dubs or the pubs. like the 
HayfiekL down the road in the 
evening, and then they hang 
around into the small hours.” 
Today the Hayfieid stands like a 
great white English dinosaur. Out- 
side an . idylhc rural pub sign 
swings on its bracket and inside 
there is the steady pulse of reggae. 

“Since Seaman”, says inspec- 
tor Goode, “L think we’ve all had 
to examine ourselves. We’re now 
more conscious ofbavingsapaJke' 
with the consent of the communis 
ty. We have what we - cafl a 
Community Forum, whiclunetty 
every nine weeks. Its purpose. i&to>: 
allow individuals, community a s* 
sociations, voluntary and statu-/ 
tory agencies to give ns some sod 
of feedback. And In a way this i&- 
imique because m other forces 

‘The kids get up Iafe : 
because they’ve got 
nowhere to go* ’ 

The boarded windows of Chapeltown: small children may be street smart but the police warn the elderly not to go out a! night 

4 We- ve had many 
more young girls 
on the streets’ 

“If you ask me, up here in 

Chapeltown. the blacks just about 
run the place. They're above the 
law. Over in Spencer Place they’ve 
got these things they call the Blues 

a few yards without passing a 
house with its windows boarded 
up. Most are squats, council 
properties awaiting renovation. 
But even the police concede that 
the occupants in others, weary of 
smashed windows, may have 
opted for something less breakable 
than glass: a suggestion bitterly 
refuted by the local law centre. 

In either case, a knock at the 
front door after dark brings no 
answer. In one, the face of an 
elderly Asian woman appears at 
the single-glazed window at the 
top of the building; she draws the 
curtain aside by an inch, and then 
recedes again. 

Even on a weekday afternoon it 
is not uncommon to see a single 

young prostitute moving slowly 
up and back along a patch of 
pavement Would-be clients may 
well have been put off by stories of 
men being beaten up and robbed 
when they get back to the 
fiaL Trevor Jones, deputy sub- 
division officer of Chapeltown, 
admits: “Since the law has altered 
and prostitutes know they won’t 
be sent straight to jail, we’ve had 
many more young girls on the 
streets, and ves, there have been a 
few cases of the client being 

Chapeltown is not only remark- 
able for its density but also for its 
great variety of ethnic origins. 
Apart from British, West Indians. 
Asians and Jews, there are now 
substantial communities of Latvi- 
ans, Ukranians. Serbians, Greeks 
and Yugoslavs. 

The sight of a synagogue turned 
into a club for young West Indians 
tells the story of this part of Leeds. 
Forty or 50 years ago it was the 
successful Jewish businessmen 
and tradesfolk who occupied the 
classier homes in this quarter. 
Gradually they moved north- 
wards towards the well-to-do sub- 
urbs in Moortown and Shadwell, 
with their golf courses and set- 
back homes, or even to the 
opulence of Harrogate, 13 miles to 
the north. 

Back in Chapeltown, the houses 
that were once family homes 
display their shifting function by 

the long vertical string of bell- 
pushes beside the front door. Now 
the successful Asians have started 
to scale their way up the map like 
the Jews before them. Newer 
influxes arrive in their wake. 

Despite the taxi driver’s analy- 
sis. the police contend dial be- 
cause of its cosmopolitan nature 

and the history of its demography, 
ineltown has no clear sense of a 

Chapeltown ! 
black area, a European area, an 
Asian area, or a Leeds-bom-and- 
bred area. It is all part of their 
intense desire to play down the 
element of overt racism in violent 

What appears to have happened 
is that the neighbourhood suffers 
from the fear of violence almost as 
much as from violenoe itself. With 
the poor and the elderly constitut- 
ing the bulk of the indigenous 
population, the climate seems 
grimly predisposed for muggings 
and the like. 

But the figures are not helpful. 
In 1984 the police recorded 64 
robberies in the sub-division con- 
taining Chapeltown, for which 
there was a 28 per cent clean-up 
rate. In 1985, there were 74 
robberies, again with 28 per cent 
solved. Of assaults and 
woundings, there were 240 in 1984 
with 77 per cent solved, and the 
following year 233 with 74 per 
cent solved. 

Without a detailed area-by-area 
breakdown in a sub-division that 

stretches for several miles almost 
into open country, it is impossible 
to do anything more than surmise 
on the number of offences in the 
second category committed in 
Chapeltown itself 
If the elderly, particularly wom- 
en, are wary of going out alone, 
there is one highly significant 
reason for this, often obscured by 
the preoccupation with racialism. 
The victims of Peter Sutcliffe,' the 

Tt was the whites 
who stirred the 
whole thing up’ 

started by the whites — I mean the 
whiles in London, the commu- 
nists who came here and stirred 
the whole thing up. Oh yes. They 
used to come and have meetings 
here at Jubilee HalL 
"Another thing. The police; 
since the rioting, things have 
changed. They’re not going 
around making these big arrests of 
man y people. They’ve been siev- 
ing through them one by one and 
picking up the real trouble-mak- 
ers. And the blacks, they found out 
that ail the violence doesn't pay 
- and that's why we haven't had 
more riots' in Chapeltown this 
time around. .No,' I tell you, the 
blacks know' they have been 

Yorkshire Ripper, came from 
nearby and when he was stalking 
the area, the community was 
indeed gripped by a sense of 

As for the 1981 riots, the taxi 

The police station itself is just a 
. few hundred yards up Chapeltown 

Road, a cosy old Dock Green-type 
building, more at home in the era 
of the bhie light than the red. 
There is a total staff of 200 in the 
sub-division, of whom 13 are local 

driver has his (predictable) views, - beat officers. Inspector Tony 
but one prominent memberofthe Goode is charged with mairrtain- 
2, 500-strong Polish 'community, . ■ jog ..policed .liaison with the 
most of whom .settled here after; to mm unity, . . 

being demobbed ai the end of the “There's no way we can pretend 

Second World War, dissents pas- that unemployment and the eco- 
sionately. “No, nor he declaims nomic. climate not just here but 

in a still broad accent “Those, in the nation .as. a whole, don't . ^ ... . ■■ ■■■ 

riots, those two days of violence : - aggravate tension"^ be says. “Anti f TOMORROW . ; ) 

. . . don’t blame the West Indians Jn Chapeltown itself the rate of- > ■ ■ , . ■ • 

for that Yes, many dF them were unemployment is running at 29 
arrested, but there were whites per cent Now, in my experience, 
too. Remember that Remember this tends to create some kind of 
also that the whole thing was nocturnal pattern. The kids get up 



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Leading the way to the USA 

Cognac toasts the thriller 

The famous French 


town has discovered 

MUST fcE CrOPJ> \ it's (5-oT 
A four Borne aaTjng*. 


a unique way of 

promoting its 

produce — a festival 

of detective films 

A s Girard Sturm ex- 
plained: “It was time to 
pot Cognac on the 
map”. On the map, it lies 75 
miles north of Bordeaux, a 
small provincial town whose 
economy depends on its single 
product — Cognac. What was 
troubling Storm and the 
town’s 243 cognac houses was 
cheap competition from out- 
side France and a change in 
French drinking habits, with 
whisky and white spirits snefa 
as vodka outstripping their 
own cherished product. 

Although they were - and 
still are - selling more cognac 
than ever, it was clearly not a 
time for complacency. Their 
solution was drastic thrillers. 

Storm, an ex-fighter pilot, is 
the public voice of the cognac 
producers and five years ago 
he deckled that Cognac should 
have its own annual film 
festival: it would be home of 
films policiers, thrillers, or, in 
the new argot, les polors- 
At the last count there were 
more than 650 film festivals 
worldwide every year. But only 
in Cognac can film buffs see 
dozens of thrillers, and noth- 
ing but thrillers. And unlike 
the daunting festivals else- 
where (particularly the bedlam 
of Cannes), all the films 
policiers are shown in- 
Cognac's single small three- 
screen cinema from morning to 
midnight. It's rather like hold- 
ing a film festival in the 
Chipping Norton ABC. 

Nevertheless, hundreds of 
French critics, directors, writ- 
ers and stars are heading to 
Cognac for the fifth consecu- 
tive year to see polors from all 
over the world. There will be a 
sprinkling of international 
stars like Angie Dickinson, 
Monica Vitti and Mastro- 
ianni, and Terence Young, the 
director of James Bond, is on 
the jury of this thriller festival. 
But the main attraction this 
year is a tribute to Robert 
tVlitchum, whose hood-eyed, 
laconic style on screen has an 
intense following among 
French critics. Mitchum's 

presence in Cognac follows the 
success of Ernest Borgnine 
there last year, and similar 
tributes have been paid in 
previous festivals to American 
B-film heroes tike Jack 
Palance and the late Ray 

Storm speaks lyrically of 
films policiers. “I remembered 
the pre-war French movies 
and bow both the flics and the 
villains used to drink cognac in 
those films. We wanted to 
bring together the excitement 
of the thrillers with the style of 
the drink in this unique 

himself as a child of Raymond 
Chandler and Michael Wan- 
ner, whose aspiration was to 
“cross Machine-Gun Kelly 
with Dostoevsky”. It’s a long 
way from Miss Marple. 

. French -rin£astes have . for 
years elevated American B- 
movies to cultural heights that 
have bewildered Hollywood. 
The case of Jerry Lewis is 
notorious. But one young di- 
rector in Cognac assured me' 
that Carry On films are shown 
nndubbed in Paris .art cine- 
mas, and that, “For ns, Benny 
H01 is God”. ■ 

D uring the festival, as a 
relief from all the 
blood-letting and mur- 
der on the screen, the larger 
cognac booses, like Hennessy, 
Martel! and Camus, host lav- 
ish banquets. 

Lionel Cboochain, who al- 
ready organizes the Deauville 
festival of American films, 
oversees this bizarre twinning 
of cinema and drink and 
judiciously mixes new thrillers 
from around the world (last 
year's Grand Prix winner was 
an Argentine film) with rar- 
ities from French directors. 

The cult of the polar is 
strong in France. Hundreds 
have been released on video; 
one Paris library is exclusively 
devoted to the genre and there 
is now a new generation of 
young thriller-writers and di- 
rectors. One enthusiast de- 
fined the new thrillers as 
“renovators of the traditional 
French detective stories, 
steeped in modernity, who dip 
their pens in the city sewers, 
breathe the air of the present 
day and ham the tones of rock 
H'roir. Another described 


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. 1 Wj (bout integrity 
( 6 ) 

S Illegal drug (4) . 

8 Strong (5) 

9 Immoderate (7) 

11 Dusk, f 8) 

13 Aid (4) 

15 Unparalleled (13). 
17 Disastrous (4) 

28 Congregate (8) 

21 Churchyard 
tree (3.4) 

22 Poisonous (5) 

23 Stare at (4) 

24 Character (6) 


2 Civilian dress (5) 

3 Gleam (3) 

4 Rhine principality 

5 Information (4J 

6 Specious excuse (7) 

7 Pentecost (4.0) 

10 SuiubSityflO) 

12 Wild goat (4) 

14 Nothing mom then 

16 “Peruke (7)". 
19 Puncher (1$ 
20~ ftaual <41., 
22 Small tnrd(3) 


ACROSS: 1 Depot 4 Crampon 8 Mecca 9 Tombohi l0Scav- - 
enge 11 Pall 13 Masterpiece 17 Lute tH Scimitar • 21 Wansit 22 

Unfit 23 Panoply 24 Tasks 
. DOWN; 1 Demist 2 Pucka 3 Travesty 4< 

Army 6 Prosaic 7 Nearly 12 Dismount 14 Artisan 
up 16 Gratis 19 Tiffs 20 Ramp 


each forum is based ' on sulv 
divisional boundaries, whereas 
Chapeltown we have a special one 
just for the ' immediate; 
community.” • ... y. 

But whatever .the improved 
ments may have been, tftspector 
Goode repeats life adviceiftae tfe 3 
elderly would be well advised to 
keep off the streets at night fts the? 
pubs close and the drinkers d&; 
gorge, you can see his. point “If y 
not that there’s a mugger waiting 
around every corner. Mugging is; 
an opportunist business, that’s the- 
thing to remember. ” •• 

Over at the HarefaUfc ' amt 
Chapeltown Law Centre in; 
Round hay Road, you edn almost; 
hear the weariness and frustration 1 
in the voice of legal adviser Sonia 
Ward when she . considers the' 
received public notion of race as* 
the determinant of community; 
violence. ■' ' 

“You see, what they never tell- 
you is that black youths dbnY 
want to go down to the- railway 1 
station on a Saturday night. Noij. 
do they mention that when there 
was rioting in Harrogate — in 
Harrogate — there were white 
people charged. Look, you.can fed 
at risk in any area. People in alf 
sorts of communities tend not to; 
be very friendly when they see & 
new face.You say that you didn't 
feel . .loo . comfortable in r 
Hayfieid. Look, The oihovday. ( 
went fpr a drink out. in:* country 
pub.a pretty „quiet. sort qf place,' 
and certainly didn't feel wdcome.; 
So I didh’tstay long.” 1 — 

P’art TTir^ tKe 1 f? ■ 
new vigilantes . A 

FOm is, of comse, defined af 
te sept&me art and Claude; 
Chabrol, who Is on theselect-; 
ing committee for this yearV 
Cognac films (and earned an 
hommdge last year), defended 
the idea of a thriller FestivaL 
“Thrffiera are an integral part' 
of the world's literature: they r 
can be comedy, they can h£ 
political. Yon can call Crime, 
and Punishment a . roman, 
policier if yon want. The point 
of them is not who, bet whyTT, 

T his heady mixtnre csl 
cognac and thrillers ap^ 
pealed to the scriptwrit- 
er and producer '.Mfcfeli, 
Andiard. Andiard, wfaoViied- 
but year, will receivea posting, 
moos kommage at .the festival 
Ho wrote in theprogramiauner 
of the first Cognac .fest^nd^ 
“The polar is the glory of the 
cinema. Personally' I wonfiP 
give all the Battleship Potem- 
kins and Births of a Nation for 

Greenstreefs .memorable ap£ 
pearance m The . Maltese^ 

Dr Johnson’s celebrated*® 1 ' 
mark that “hewho aspires .(a. 
be a hero most drink brandy^ 
conld have been jag jtetoate* 
slogan for the Gagnac Film 
FestivaL ~ - “ •: * 





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THE TlMia> iuta>UAX ATiOL. i iyoo 

FASHION by Suzy Menkes 

sc±BT breeze is- blow- 
ing across die knit- 
wear counters. It 
•comes from the sea 
and it brings a fresh look to 
traditional sweaters - for 
both sexes. Togetherness now. 
means .a twin-set, made and 
meant to match, or mixed in 
with a wardrobe - of casual 
separates. Those leisure 
clothes are gating more for- 
mal, as the tailored jacket 
takes its revenge on the blon- 
son and knits follow suit. 

The cardigan is the key to 
men’s dressing for the spring 
holiday. While the women 
have taken over Professor 
Higgins’s sloppy shapes, the 
male cardigan has smartened 
un. It comes waist-length, 
shawl-collared or double- 
breasted, and is meant to be 
worn as a jacket over a 
buttoned shirt The sailor’s 
mess uniform or die yachting 
blazer are the inspiration for 
the shapes of the knits, which 
sport mass buttons, regimen- 
tal stripes, badges and crests. 

. Oh this wave of formality 
come smar t accessories: two- 
tone loafer shoes, polo-col- 
4; fared tops rather than T-shirts, 
and the revival of the ultim ate 
clubhouse accessory, ihe 

Trousers are also getting 
crisper. Although the Levi’s 
SOI campaign is fighting a 
brave rearguard action for 
denim, the favourite 
springweight fabrics are drill, 
whipcord and cotton poplin,' 
rather than blue jeans. Pleat- 
front trousers are now unrver- . 
sally in fashion in all the 
younger chains, even if flat:’, 
front, stay-pressed pants stiff 
rule the Tughstreet stores, . 

T owelling socks in odd- 
ball colours like pet- 
rol blue and apricot, 
and an imaginative 
4* selection of shirn and lies, 
have transformed men’s 
shops, with Next the brand- 
al style. ' 

Sportswearwias^tite Jcey that \ 

opened men's fashlonto cot- 
our. The cheery tracksuits^d 
sweat shirts enhaDoecL.nwer k 
than threatened V. a . saagto r 
image. . . r ; . 

. Now that dasstc q ot he s are 
painted with; the same. bold., 
brush, the patterned shirts and 
bright knitwear are acoepred- 
as exciting, but not eccentric. 
Anything now goes for cokxrr, 
with classics like navy and 
grey, and the -full range of 
sugared almond pastels, also 
on offer for the new knits. . 7 
Meanwhile; women who 
were quick to snatch those 
sweaters and shirts from the 
male wardrobe are re-drawing 
the lines between the sexes. 
Softness fa oitr strength in lhik 
game of twin-set and match. 
The newest way- with the 
elongated cardigans and cable 
knits is to put them with the 
flimsiest of skirts. _ 
Transparent chiffon, light as 
st bnseze, is the skirt-style for 
summer. The fatfarlong tunic 
tops and cardies protect mod- 
esty and pin the soft fabrics 
firmly against the body to the 
thi gh«- Below that, the chiffon, 
voueor pleats billow out like a 
ship in sail. _ • 

The long soft darts — an me 

hemlines are near ankle- 
length — are in deliberate con- 
trast to the tubes of knit or 
fabric that have made the 

spdrty or relaxed occasions a 
mid-caJf sldrt with movement 
provide* a.high fas hi on alter- 
native. 7 y __ ; . 

The. long skirts, with treats, 
always from the. waist rather 
than the hip, have a Last of 
Empire .fed, as though the 
wearer were embarking on a 
leisurely cruise. Accessories 
also add to the period mood: 
vredgobeetod, peejrfoe san- 
dals,; trailing beads and 
scarves, soft straw hats tied on 
with chiffon or net '• 

T he knits themselves 
lend to be longer and 
softer than the male 
equivalent: r high- 
necked, sleeveless sweaters 
under V-neck card^ans that 
fasten from the waist; fondant 
pale cabled sweaters, redolent, 
of the playing fields of an old 
English summer. 

Ralph Lauren captures pre- 
cisely this nostalgia for the 
past, yet expresses it in Ameri- 
can preppy clothes for today. 
It has a lot to do with the 
fabrics, which are pure cottons 
and linens, rather than the 
chain store acrylics that have 
the shape, but not the fed, of 
British dossier 

shorter, wairt-teneth knitted 
jacket is married to baggy 
trousers, so women too are . 

choosing softer, pyjama pants, 

or even those that flare Six- 
ties-5tyie at the ankle. 

There are many fashion 
frames of reference in current 
style. The Sixties have also 
brought back the polo neck, 
the cut-away sleeve and; the 
short skirt, which is worn 
under the very long cardigan. 

From the 1950s come the 
tight pants that stop short of 
the ankle, and the Grace Kelly 
headscarf; whfle men are re- 
viving the three-buttoned 
jacket and' the perennially 
popular blazer. 

Knitwear remains the most 
contemporary of fas h io n s, be- 
cause it is comfortable, versa- 
tile and affordable. The spring 
knits range from pure cotton 
hand-knits selling at over a 
.hundred pounds, down to the 
look of the moment al cheap 
and cheerful prices. 

The most inexpensive way 
to shop is to buy a sweater that 
is meant for two. Cbuples are 
buying knits that both part- 
ners then wear. Swapping 
around cardigans and sweat* 



™ UvingSYLd Enoch Powell show their spote 

Fashion takes a tough line 

(very difficult - just try) 


cSI^Iuit they make, wtat they speed 

Leslie Renton on fantasy and the face 


S '?*- : - 


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Vd '*' ' . . 
- : 




*7 * 


SWm RE ™ S * 5 “ 

Abow left preppy styte - HER 

sweater, ESS, over a pastel pale blue cotton polo shirt, E». Can- 
length pleated linen skirt, £55. all tw 
Liberty. Regent Street W1 . HIS pead grey sha^-cotored cotton 
cardigan with navy trim, £134. Cotton poto shirt. £30, ' tepm . 
cravat and navy trousers, £42. All from Ralph Lauren, 1 43 New • 
Bond Sheet, London, Wl. Glasses £30 from Mulberry Company,- 
11-72 Gees Court, Wl. 

ahmia: teat of Empire - HER sleeveless knitted cotton tunic. 
£148 over a silky skirt with transparent ^i^n » jffie ww 
hat, E2Z50. Lace scarf, £9.50, all from Whistles, StQwjstopher s 
Place, London Wl, and branches. HIS cotton k nrt Higg ins 
cardigan, £55. Abstract print cotton shirt £55. Cottpndr* 
trousers, £49, tortoiseshell frame glasses, from a seteettonat 
Paul Smith, 43-44 Floral Street WC2. Avery Row, Wl and 

Left Matekrt stripes - HER elongated navy andv^aayBc 
cardigan, double-breasted. 05.99. Orojlar navy cteffon doubfa 
layer sldrt £32.99. both from Pnndj^branch^ 
in Debenhams, Oxford Street W.l. Soft straw hat^^M. white 

of principles. White lo» up shoes, £29.99 from Next for Men, 
South Molten Street and branches. 

Make-up: Ruth Sheldon. 

Hair: Peter Forrester for Daniel Galvin 

Photographs by Nick Briggs 



Star patterns have often featured in Kaffe Fassett’s knitting 

and fabric designs and in his new tapestry he paints them in 

the weathered pastels, flaking greys and dusty pinks found 
in Italian frescos and Mediterranean tiles. Heisan undisputed 
master of subtle colour! ng and in this new tapestry his colours 
look as if faded by the sun. 

Pop music is not foe only 
world where foe “Yooog 
Ones" are pushing 40. In 
fashion, where being new Is an 
article of faith, designers hang 
on lo their youth mtil the tag 
defies the Trades Descriptions 

At least, they do fa Britain. 
Here “young designer” is a 
generic term to describe high 
fashion clothes; the brave few 
admitting to maturity become 
“estabhsned designers*. That 
suggests that as fits creative 
{faces run dry, they have left 
whacky fan dothes behind. 

Other fashion capitals do it 
differently. In Milan, Paris, 
and New York, designers are 
designers - good or bad, - and 
the internationally known 
names have vintage and noo- 
rintage seasons. 

. No one has ever described 
. Gianni Versace as a “yonng 


designer”, although he is stiH 

.. after a 

fang apprenticeship, Aowct fa 

their own right Romeo GigE 

fashion force at the age of 36, 
as has to Christian Lacroix at 
Jean Patou fa Paris. 

This has been a good inter- 
national season for “old” Co- 
signers. They are the ones who 

have not just the wisdom of 
experience bat also its skHfa. 
The fashion world now be- 
longs to those who can cut 
their doth to our bodies. 

Surgeons with the scissors 
include Azzedfae Alafa, whose 
spirally-cut dresses are 

shaped like an expertiy-peetea 

orange; Yves Safaf Lament, 
who eats a slip of Mack jewey 
on the bias and tiros ft into a 

sed active evening dress; 
Giorgio Armani for the tender 
mifa r ing fa his softly- waisted 
jackets; Jean Muir for her 
impeccably-crt peplmns. 

There are other designers 
who deserve recognition, hot 
few are British. In onr urge to 
entourage free, creative de- 
sign, we have brought up a 
generation of fashion design- 
ers who cannot execute then- 
ideas. Fashion has never been 
abont designs scribbled on a 
sketch pad, but always about 
the painstaking ability to car- 
ry through the concept. 

In the era fa oversize and 
wild prints, fa punk’s torn 
shreds and androgynous im- 
ages, designers could get by on 
style rather than substance. 

Fit mid art have become 
fashion’s new credos, and that 
sorts out the men from the 
“young” boys. 

‘Fresco Star’ measures I5"x 15 "and is worked in simple half-cross , stltch. 
K is primed in the fuD eleven colours: Pale lemon, silver gray, marae rust, 
a powder and a sky blue, mustard, Hm&aorm blue. laded plum, pale peach 
andnofy Printed on 10 holes tod* inch doubleweave canvas the kit comes 
complete with all the required varus from the Appleton tapestry range, 
need! can d instructions. All for S 17.95 including postage and packing. Use 
FREEPOST - No stamp needed 

Ehrman. 21 22 Vksa ngeGsia London. WS 4 AA. Partners: n&REhraun. 

njj ehrman, freepost; London, W84BR. ~\^p! 

I Please sendme — tapestry kits at £17.95 eacb- 

I > Jnc.nknmiAWI It1.1i1(!nill ll 


I endosechequonO. made out to Ehntian for S 


| Address- 


*Only a blue plaque? I thought 
they'd at lout ran to gold' 


It was just as well that Ken 
Livingstone thanked everyone on 
the South Bank, down to the 
liftman, in his speech at the end of 
the GLC musical Small Expecta- 
tions. . Afterwards, GLC chairman 
Tony Banks was left tapping his 
fingers for an hour waiting for 
Livingstone and other council 
luminaries to join them at the cast 
reception. Finally they turned up 
explaining they had got stuck. In 
the lift 

Dry cleaned 

Tory backbencher Michael For- 
syth recently did his bit for the 
unemployed. He wrote to the 
Sarjeant at Arms suggesting that 
cleaners be employed to wash 
members' cars in the Commons' 
cavernous underground car park. 
He got a three-page reply consist- 
ing of “Civil Service m umbo- 
jumbo'’ about the logistical 
impossibility of such an undertak- 
ing— drains, security, cash, etc. 
Usefully included in the reply was 
a list of local garages with car 
washes for the MFs “assistance". 

Voted out 

Never accuse the labour move- 
ment ofblindly rewarding success. 
After IS months in which Graham 
Allen, as bead of the Trade Union 
Co-ordinating Committee, has 
overwhelmingly persuaded voters 
in all 39 trade union ballots to 
keep their political funds, he now 
finds himself out of a job. The co- 
ordinating committee, wound up 
at the weekend, will, I understand, 
be relaunched tomorrow as a 
genera] campaign organization, 
under the title Trade Unions for 
Labour. Allen, however, will not 
be joining campaign chairman Bill 
Keys and two staff members in the 

new outfit. The co-ordinator's job 
has been landed instead by Trans- 
port and General political officer 
Jenny ftardingtoa. 


TV cake 


in secret 

Britain is to defy P.W. Botha and 
show film of South African police 
brutality, shot during the ban on 
filming township violence. The 
film, to be broadcast on Channel 4 
on April 19, includes an interview 
with an undertaker who reveals 
that between May and September 
last year he buried 34 black 
children, all with multiple bullet 
wounds. Witness to Apartheid was 
made by freelance documentary 
maker Sharon Sopher who filmed 
throughout the stale of emergency, 
shaming the major networks that 
observed Pretoria's ban. Having 
won the co-operation of African 
National Congress leaden; and 
going from one safe house to 
another, she has returned with 
harrowing footage of the police in 
action. Only once did the security 
forces eaten up with her while 
filming parents of a 14-year-old 
killed in Soweto, Miss Sopher, co- 
producer Kevin Harris and the 
crew were detained by police for 
questioning. Rather than create an 
international incident, it seems, 
the police let them go. 

Shore thing 

Looking for a celebrity TV col- 
umnist last week, the News of the 
World rang CD la Black. “She’s not 
here," said her housekeeper in a 
Scouse accent, “she's gone to the 
seaside." The reporter looked out 
at the bleak, grey skies: “The 
seaside. Are you sure?" “Yes," the 
housekeeper said adamantly; “it 
certainly began with a *sea*." The 
reporter thought for a moment 
“You don't mean the Seychelles, 
by any chance?" “That’s it!" said 
the housekeeper triumphantly. 
“The Seashells." 


Magnus Magnusson, the narrator 
of tonight’s BBC April Fool 
hoax — exposed here last Fri- 
day - tells me he has “no 
feelings" about the furore surr- 
ounding his programme, which 
has been slated as “tasteless" and 
“ offensive" to Jews and the Royal 
Family. It shows a mock 1936 film 
of a secret meeting between Ed- 
ward VI 11 and Hitler who, it 
daims, masterminded the Abdica- 
tion. Since my disclosure, other 
papers have damned the BBC 
One called for the sacking of BBC- 
2 controller Graeme McDonald, 
who at least had the wit to recall 
the script and censor the words 
“horrid Jews" — a quote from the 
spoof diaries of Unity MitforcL 
Magnusson told me “Get on to 
the press office before you make 
up any more rubbish. OK, 
honey?" Make up rubbish? Come, 
come, Magnus. Surely tonight 
that’s your prerogative 7.30 pm. 


There have been hundreds of 
submissions to the Peacock 
Committee, a plethora of sugges- 
tions. But not one has come within 
a billion pounds of a new way of 
paying for the BBC’S television 
and radio services in anything like 
their present form. 

Not even through advertising. 
John Dale rehearsed the more 
hopeful pro-advertising argu- 
ments on this page last month. In 
practice, the advertising cake win 
simply be too small There will not 
be the extra £1 billion or so which 
the BBC would need. Dale notes 
bow the economic forecasts have 
agreed on this, and company 
chairmen say so too. Even the 
bullish Institute of Practitioners in 
Advertising does not expect 
advertising to pay for more than 
half the BBC, and then only in 10 
years. As Dale says, there would 
still have to be a “transitional" 

• licence foe. 

Most people fed that tdevision 
advertising expenditure will grow 
at a greater rate than inflation. But 
not at the vast and quite 
unpredicted rate of 6 per cent a 
year that it has since 1975. Over 
the last 25 years it has averaged a 
2.5 per cent increase a year in real 
terms. That is healthy growth, but 
it would contribute only £25 mil- 
lion more each year. 

The much-vaunted technologi- 
cal revolution, with satellites 
beaming at us every which way, 
depends on advertising, too. Di- 
rect broadcasting win also be 
starved of advertising funds. The 
chances are it will not be able to 

The Royal Academy of Music is in 
trouble, but the trouble is of an 
exceptionally unusual land. More- 
over, the trouble is not only 
unusual it is extremely modern; 
so modern, indeed, that it was 
unknown a mere 25 years ago. 

Well well; so was Aids, and we 
must learn to move with the 
times. In the one case, the 
brimstone rains down upon the 
Cities of the Plain; in the other, the 
RAM is threatened with a like fete 
because it has a plan to turn itself 
into — well, into what? What pro- 
posed transmogrification of this 
ancient and honourable seat of 
musical learning (it was (bonded 
in 1822) has so aroused the anger 
of other musical colleges in this 
country that they have got to- 
gether to mount a massive cam- 
paign against a proposal which 
one of the leading cam pai g ner* 
has called “short-sighted, divisive 
and harmful to the profession"? Is 
the Academy going to be sold for a 
McDonald’s? Is it to be pulled 
down and replaced by a multi- 
storey car-park? Is it planning to 
become a cinema for porno- 
graphic films, a betting office, a 
massage parlour, ora supermarket 
selling nothing but South African 
oranges, Chilean wine. Northern 
Ireland tea-towels and South Ko- 
rean bicycles? 

No, nothing like that An appeal 
for very substantial private funds 
is to be launched, and the number 
of Students admitted is to be 
reduced (so that the state grant 
will go further), all in order to 
attract and help (through scholar- 
ships) the most promising stu- 
dents, who will fold themselves 
being taught by the highest quality 
of teaching staff. Thus, it is hoped, 
the RAM will in time become “a 
centre of excellence". And that is 
what has upset the other people of 
the music education world, who 
“fear that the Academy would 
attract the best professors and 
most talented students”. 

Fear! The Royal Academy of 
Music may become a seat of 
musical learning worthy to be 
compared with the world's finest, 
its teachers the country’s leading 
m usicians and its pupils Britain's 
brightest and best, and instead of 
the plan being greeted with fen- 
feres. anthems and stirring 
choruses in C major, the only 
sounds to .be heard are those 
produced on the very lowest 
register of the tuba. 

Once upon a time — and, as I 
have suggested, the time was no 
more than a quarter of a century 
ago — excellence was that which 
was to be striven for, sought out, 
cherished, admired, considered as 
a model to emulate or at least 
aspire la Now, it is despised, 
made mock oC looked askance at, 
feared. Take but degree away, 
untune that string, and harid what 
discord follows! 

Has not the cultivation of 
mediocrity, under the name of 
equality, gone far enough? Or will 
it go further, so that it will 
presently be made a crime for one 
person to be cleverer than another, 
to run fester, to paint or write 
better, to sing more melodiously, 
nay, to be nicer or - anathema sit! 
anathema sit! - prettier? Must 
everything and everybody be 
ground into a uniform and in- 
distinguishable powder, lest we 
begin to remember that some 


or pie in the sky ? 

Andrew Ehrenberg 

Digby Anderson 

snaffle a larger share of viewing 
time than, say, Channel 4 — two 
or three of the average viewer’s 
total Of 25 to 30 bom's a week. One 
reason satellites will sot attract 
viewers is that there will not be 
enough money for new pro- 
grammes. Rupert Murdoch's Sky 
Channel for example, is budget- 
ing £1,000 or £2fXO an hour for 
programming, compared with 
rrvs £50,000 and the BBC’s 

For JTV and the BBC to be 
forced to scratch around for 
revenue from adverts would have 
them compete in the wrong mar- 
ket: advertisers’ and viewers' self- 
interests coincide only marginally. 
Broadcasters would inevitably cut 
the programmes which brought in 
less advertising revenue. Such 
programmes are, however, widely 
watched. Cutting them would not 
“give the public what it wants". 

It is a fallacy to think that 
people just want to watch the 
programmes that attract the high 
ratings. The data show that view- 
ers watch only two or three of the 
“top 10" programmes for an hour 
or two a week. The remainder of 
the time is devoted to individual 
choices. This holds true for view- 
ers of all kinds — young and old, 
working and middle-class, tele- 
addicts and occasional viewers. 

Commercial television has two 
markets: viewers who watch a 
wide range of programmes, and 

advertisers who need large audi- 
ences. The problem is that the two 
are not satisfied by the same lands 
of programme. Advertisers would 
Kln» programmes with Specialist OT 
select audiences, like readers of 
Motoring News or The Times. But 
television does not work like that. 
The audiences of Dynasty and 
Panorama are both way down- 
market from the readership of the 
Daily Mail 

Despite some hoher-than-thou 
BBC posturing, television is a 
popular mass medium in all 
nffnyg- Even so-called “low- 
rating" programmes are watched 
by a million or so viewers. And it 
is not always the same Hampstead 
set but a different million for each. 

The question for Peacock is how 
this enormous demand for tele- 
vision can best be supplied — 
almost t.500 hours per viewer in 
the year. Brutal realism would say 
that nowadays we get ITV and 
rhannel 4 programmes as a free 
bargain (we certainly do not notice 
or hardly mind what we pay in 
dribs and drabs through our 
purchases of advertised goods and 
services). So do we need any 
further channels beyond ITV and 
Channel 4? Do we need the BBC? 

The market response is dear: we 
do. The heaviest-viewing third of 
the audience watches three hours 
of non-ITV/Channel 4 a day. And 
the rest of us — almost two-thirds 
of the population who watch Jess 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

Now music 
falls to the 

The Royal Academy of Music < 
with its proposals for 

qualities are innate, among which 
genius, and even talent, are 
emphatically numbered? Must we 
live in a society whose god is 
Procrustes and whose patron saint 
Tom Thumb? Has the palpable lie 
that all men are equal so cowed, so 
weakened and so rotted us that we 
acquiesce when we see the best 
cried down because it is the best? 

Under a Conservative govern- 
ment led by Mrs Thatcher, the 
Department of Education is at this 
very moment busy fudging the 
system of school exammations 
and certificates of proficiency so 
that it shall appear that no pupil, 
however lazy, indifferent, loutish 
or stupid, can be recorded as 
having failed- Apart from the 
dishonesty of the whole process, 
what kind of preparation is it for 
the real world? True, there are 
those who are hard at work trying 
to make the real world into one as 
imaginary as the world of failure- 
free school a world in which there 
is no pain, no cause for regret, no 
hardship (and most certainly no 
deserved hardship), above au no 
penalty for those who will not 

This is the imposiume of muck 
wealth and peace. 

Which inward breaks, and 
shows no sign without 
Why the man dies. 

But the world is real and cannot, 

unlike school, be made unreal; 
with our schools, we shall even- 
tually give every child passing 
through the system a handsome 
decoration called the Gold Star for 
Conspicuous Merit But life will 
sooner or later, shake the neve, 
and a lot of people are going to be 
unpleasantly surprised by the size 
of the holes. 

A few years ago, some splendid 
lunatic declared that what Britain 
needed was a symphony orchestra 
that could stand comparison with 
the world's best — the Vienna, the 
Berlin, the Chicago, the Boston, 
the Amsterdam. The plan was to 
raise a million pounds and collect 
and train the hundred best players 
in this country, to put the resulting 
orchestra on a sound financial 
footing with every member of it in 
a position as permanent as a 
member of the Com&lie Fran- 
caise, and then to challenge the 

Nothing happened, because it 
became dear that the money could 
not be raised; but long before hope 
was abandoned I had moved my 
bed into the cellar and piled 
sandbags all round the walls, 
because 1 knew that the inevitable 
uproar, if the orchestra wheeze 
had got off the ground, would have 
been virtually indistinguishable 
from the outbreak of the Third 
World War in the form known as 
Mutual Assured Destruction. 

than 30 houre a Week — spend 
only about 35 par cent of this time 
watching ITV. So the demand for 
other channels is there. 

But since there is not foe extra, 
advertising money to have it come 
to us “free* like ITV, wewifl have 
to pay for it directly. Here tbe 
submissions to Peacock appear 
unambiguous. There is bo known 
way of paying for more tdevision 
rhannrts — over and above ITV 
rha nn d 4 — that is cfaeaoer 
than the licence fee. If the BBC did 
not exist, it would have to be 
in venied, warts and all . 

But can we afford it? The 
answer is yes. Britons on average 

arfkrisiire (£700 of rt on drinl^fo 
and out of the home). Hence less 
than £60 tor television viewing; 
much the most popular leisure 
activity, cannot be quite the 
mtokraUebnnfenweare told it is. 

The BBC has now had its- 
official talk-in with the Peacock 
Committee. Thing; are likely to go 
quiet until July when the commit- 
tee is e x pected to report. What 
then?' Peacock might wdl be 
revolutionary, and recommend no. 
change. I think Professor Peacock . 
is a tough enough bird to avoid 
action tor action’s sake. And as a 
good economist he will I expect, 
be able to recognize the most cost- 
effective compromise for .the 
viewer when he sees it. ' 

The author is director qf the Centre 
for Marketing and Communica- 
tion at the London Business 
Se/tooL He advised the BBC on its 
Peacock submission. 

Wherever you look, the depress- 
ing story is the same, right down to 
those focal authorities who wish to 
forbid the schools under -their 
jurisdiction to organize’ “com- 
petitive” games (such as football!), 

* lest the children should come to 
believe that life is inevitably 
competitive. But life is inevitably 
competitive, and a great disservice 
' is done to the young by telling 
them that (t is not 

And at such a time, when 
excellence is needed more des- 
perately than ever in our history, 
in order to offer something worth 
striving for, it is at its lowest point 
It has been consciously rejected by 
those who long to turn Britain into, 
a suburb of Kart Marx Stadt, and 
abandoned out of resignation, 
indifference, dullness of spirit or 

fearby those whose highest duty is 
to cultivate every form qf it as a 
dyke an ^ rampart apwwtf fh** 
encroaching barbarians. 

The barbarians are at the gate; 
the Royal Academy of Music 
proposes to man the walls with a 
volunteer army of highly4rained 
warriors, and when those brave 
defenders of the faith look round 
for allies, what do they find? 

The North isfkll of tangled' 

- things and texts and dating 


. . - • And dead is all the' inno- 
cence of anger and sur- 
prise. . . 

The walls are hung with ~ 

velvet that is black and soft 

as sin. 

And little dwarfs creep out qf 

it and little dwarfs creep in, 

l have left the choicest morsel to 
the last. The rival musical colleges 
which have combined to oppose 
the plan of the RAM complain 
that if the Academy succeeds in its 
aim of attracting die best among 
staff and students alike, the other 
colleges would “become second- 
rate institutions”. It might with 
justice be said that seats of 
learning which can take such an 
attitude are already second-rate 
institutions. There is, however, 
another comment to be made 
upon their daim. It is that if they 
fear the Academy’s competition 
there is nothing to stop them 
announcing their own hunt for 
excellence, their own plans to raise 
funds, their own determination to 
engage and keep the best teachers, 
to invite and inspire the most 
eager students. 

But the suspicion grows that it is 
not the Royal Academy of Music 
which they fear; it is the very idea 
of taking part in such competition. 
Why, I'll wager that they would 
like to get rid of all the awards for 
outstanding merit they have accu- 
mulated over the years — the Hi- 
ram H. Higginbotham Gold 
Medal for oboe-playing, the Kurt 
Schweinkopf Cup for the best 
soprano voice, the Rosie O'Grady 
Bursary for fugue-writing. 

Up goes the price of shoddy! But 
if we all refuse to buy it, rt will 
come down again. The Royal 
Academy of Music has defied the 
spirit of our time in striking a Now 
for excellence. Its rivals, who wish 
to see the plan faff, are hereby 
awarded the. Levin Lemon for the 
most egregiously disharmonious 
wrong note of the year, and I 
invite them to suck it and see. 

Q Ttate Mnmpapan, 1**. 

Gadaffi’s command performance 

'Hie process of media manipula- 
tion had begun at the airport. The 
wave of journalists who had 
descended on Tripoli were con- 
fined to an arrival lounge deco- 
rated for their benefit. To the 
permanent slogans from Colonel 
Gadaffi’s Green Book had been 
added a new selection of lurid 
posters: “The unkept barbarian 
Reagan is a necrophilic (sicJT. The 
Central Intelligence Agency is the 
“leading satanic imperialist 
force". We produced our note- 
books and. having nothing else to 
do for the next three hours, 
faithfully transcribed each one. 

Later, the 150 international 
correspondents at the state-con- 
trolled AJ Kabir Hotel witnessed a 
“spontaneous demonstration of 
Libyan people". They stood in the 
Street outside chanting anti- 
American slogans, in English, 
which was convenient for the 
radio microphones soon thrust 
from the windows above. 

The process reached its climax 
on Friday evening. Another 
demonstration, this time outside 
the Aziza Barracks. Colonel 
Gadaffi’s official residence. The 
press corps was transported in a 
convoy of buses and cars through 
ranks of soldiers, sailors, boy 
scouts, wolf cubs, and girl guides. 
They were marching to hear 
Colonel Gadaffi deliver a “speech 
of two victories". 

The first had been over the 
British, who had withdrawn from 
their military bases in the country 
16 years ago that week; the other 
was over the Americans who had 
left the Gulf of Sine hours before. 
The people of Tripoli paused only 
briefly in their daily tasks to regard 
the marching columns and the 
cavalcade of international media 
which sped by. 

In the square before the bar- 
racks, the television men un- 
loaded their cameras. There were 

crews from the three American 
networks, from Soviet television, 
from the BBC and JTN. They 
moved in on the chanting groups 
of weO-rehearsed children (their 
cries conducted by their scout- 
masters). Around each camera 
there was a cluster of girls and 
boys, a little bubble of fervour 
which insulated them from every- 
thing except the screaming feces. 

It was my first visit to Libya, but 
already I knew reality was some- 
where else. In Tripoli, there is little 
sense of gut enthusiasm for the 
Colonel's words. I travelled to 
Sine, negotiating more than a 
dozen roadblocks, and talked to a 
score of wary Libyans. What rules 
in Libya is not populist enthu- 
siasm out the repressive apparatus 
of a police state, and the insidious 
influence of Gadaffi’s informers 
who are everywhere. 

But such things do not make 
good tdevision pictures. So the 

camera crews concentrated on the 
demonstrations. The apathy of the 
ordinary people did sot matter. 
Nor did the un photogenic truth 
that most of the uniformed youths 
drafted in to cheer the speech 
stood around the fringes, looking 
bored, present in body only. The 
cameras were recording scenes of 
passionate fanaticism. 

They culminated — still on 
film — with a group of Gadaffi’s 
militiamen killing a bullock which 
had been ceremoniously daubed 
in English with the name of the 
American president. Crazed, they 
thrust their arms and guns into the 
animal’s throat They jumped on 
its thrashing body. 

But all the while they turned to 
the cameras and as they jabbed 
their bloody hands towards the 
ever-open lenses there was no 
doubt that this wasa performance, 

Paul Vallely 

The SDP, fiveyears old lastweek, 
was founded on two jud g e men ts 
that, a.-new party, committed to 
social democracy was a practical 
proposition and foe other, snore 
fundamental, that tire - Labour . 
P&rty was so irrevocably infected 
with Marxist activism that it could 
not be^ the means of achieving a 
fair and .free society. Is tiffs 
.assessment ofLabour still co rrect? -, 
The current Labour leade rs hip 
has tried - bard to create the 
impression that it is hot and that 
foe extremists are departed, con- 
verted or under control- T be 
centrepiece of .tiffs campaign in- 
deed the only piece of action, was 
the twmgled attempt to expel 12 
aBtawi . members of Militant. 

alk gftd . members of / Militant. 

Apart 1 from the unimpressive 
numbers involved,' it is instructive 
to. note "that their alleged-offence 
has nothing to do with* their 
Kteotogy. They are wltrouMg not 
because of their Trotskyist com-; 
monism and consequently eccen- 
tric view of democracy, but as 
. members ofafomraT organization. 

It seems there is nothing to stop 
Labour Party members, in d uding 
MPs and councillors, ^“holding 
particular opinions" derived from 
Lanin, Stalin, Trotsky or the 
fashionable Italian - communist 
Gransri. so long as there is jio 
“ dear proof* they belong to “a 
secretive disciplined organ-, 
ization". ' ~ 

Tire voter looks in vain to Neil 
Kinnock to reassure him Thai 
Labour is not a home or vehicle 
for Marxists. All Kinnock will say 
is that if such Marxists band 
together in a formal organiza- 
tion— less formal ones are tol- 
erated— and if there is “dear 
proof* of their membership; then 
a few of them, literally a dozen in 
as many yeantr might, ff he can 
eventually manage it, lose their 
party cards. . 

Last week’s belated, misdirected 
and failed tweak is referred to by 
the Marxists as “a widespread 
purge" and show trial. The second 
it is, not because it is unfair but be- 
cause it is a piece of showmanship 
designed to calm .fear^.wjfoooot 
attacking Labour’s ideological 
corruption. A real purge would be 
different It would .take in all ' 
s u pporters of Militant occupying 
posts as Labour party members; 
Labour MFs such as Terry Fields 
and Dave Neflist and others such 
as Frances Curran, Young Social- 
ist representative on tire NEC, 
who has appeared on Militant 

Local Labour politicians who 
have supported the views, of 
Trotskyists other than- Militant, 
such as Ted Kmght .arwT Ken 
D'vingstone^ could Tje. identified 
without much argument Their 
extremism has scarcely been -se- 
crct, vide Livingstone's declara- 
tion that foolabour&rty should 
“make Parliament fi^rorkabtem 
the interests of our das&. Indeed^ 
Livingstone has a specific warning 
for those who think the original 

SDF feature “You wifi see 

.a completely different par- 
Hameniary Labcucparty, because 
half will - be new people, lar ge ly 
coining front the bmd left and tfie 
softM” Yes* a Soft " - .-rr- 

. Less time need be vnsted ow 
Tony Bern who exp l ain s: “Tbq g 
Labour party . . An tsbeen abkjto* 
depend upon -a. sort, of awe 
ideology that came out. of .the 


nmmst pfffty in foe trade^umons 
provided a radical ideotogitaSy 
train ed corcaikFaxoaad that tire 
Labour ..parish was. a. pepsin 

Bonn -tbink$; foe. Morning; Soft 

“overwhelmingly the heft- nestt* 

paper in Britairi’VIt is, of o kK*c : 
the organ -of the- uftrife-StaHnist 
faction opened' irofo foe Cbfet 
Party, for -its esiharraj^ 
ingty stevifo.jHO^Sov^ hs i and 
unabashed zeal for dais warfare? 
Any Labour poJit^n vnit ing ^xA ; 

La^OT°lSers recentiy*^^^ 
ing a letter foroughout the Scottish 
labour movement to promote ic 

worthy afthoname. ^ 

. Conversely, comnmn^ assetr 
dated -with the paper .ttod tiuSS 
expelled from .tiie . Communist 
Party frw their Stafimscb 
scacelybe reserved -muf foe-'li&P 
bour Party. Yet The CimddocM 
May 21' -test jyeae. suggratedifoat 
some would te arid others abeag$ 
had been admitted, CotisereptiQys 
witch hunters would , 9 ^ 
obliged to itojiKt 'th^fjttastpfifc 
pro-communism;' mediated 
through international * 

ship” *nd “peace" organ foatawti 
of MFS and MI^James-Lanxutd 
and Alf Lomas. r- *r--\ 

A complete purge should . not 
hesitate to askseafebing questions 
about Kinnock' himself and his 


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Cvj tTtTTiiM fi i 

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■ '.Vi 1 : «STl' fVi'r: i ^ >'/ , 

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FVi W' ■ | 

particular that 'of GMnhmmfo 
Party theoretkiah fric Ho^ 
bawm,to whom, accaafingto-tta 
Observer, Kinnock has-pa# 
^ extrav a gan t tribute" and 
he says, has provided JJLabqur 
“with the bricks and mortar gf 
reconstruction" Tfre*only deal 
which would satisfy ordinary viflp 
exswoukibea radzcalpthge offitt 
Marxists, both those friendly to 
. Trotskyist groups and, the more 
seriouaiftes .jaibfidzed problem, 
those friendly to the Communist 
Party. That he refuses to do. 'T 
It may bethai amajority wifopri 

in its- promiscuous, reh^m^^^ 

' the. Trotskyis^StatinistSiand foq 
CoooniB^jPhftst' fo\’fo£t ease nttrfror arpnrge ataH? 
Allthat*Bece^^is& L&buf 
be red^ffiM- is..>T2B 
they , 'had 

suggest 7 ^ ' 

The author is diredbr tfth^ Sodpl 
Affairs Unit /'• j ■“ : 

yz- ■ 


a paper, I get foe impression that 
everyone concerned has asked for 
his name to be taken' off the' 
credits. , . 1 

So-and-so was recertify described 
to me as having had a meteoric 
career. " 'Meteoric career T.' 1 said. 
“You mean he fell to earth at high 
speed and burnt aid?" ■ 

Last week I was induced to watch 
a new chat show on -BBC-2; 
fronted by an American cpmedt- . 
enne called Joan Rivers. Tbe chief 
novelty of the programme -seems 
to be that Joan Rivers has never 
heard of any of her guests, and has 
to have them explained to her by 
Peter. Cook. She then asks them 
about the size of their bosom, (if 
they are female) or about, the 
quality of foebr love life (if they are 


*try two Trinidadians”.' This 
gjivni me ad idea for * book tSFUe 
called “Great Smaff Mob&-ie£ 

WstpcT-... ..'ii- c 

So^aifd-sd was recCnify' dacTibed 
to me y as Having taken sfmSBSS 
metis like a man^~Likearnan?P'J 
said “Yau mean. he broke ddwtA 
^ and went , 

The man ; hext so sue cor the a^n 
was wearing a most unusual pair 
of personal — 

unusual, becanse^o- tudse^-wea . 


his secret. “This isizotl persona 
stexeoj"hesa«L “It is a pair of ea^ 

muffs I 

bearing other, people’s peoonal 



1 Pennington Street London El 9XN m "hone: 01-481 4100 

J >i„ x 


Maintaining pubHc order is an 
overriding '■_. responsibility of 
government. It takes jrace- 
(fence over the purely political 

A interests of Ministers. If- there-, 
•foie the Ulster Secretary, Mr 
Tom . King, and the Chief 
Constable of the Royal Ulster 
Constabulary^ Sir John Her- 
fljon, had good reason to 
bdlevrthat the loyalist march 
m Portadown was likely to be 
ficansformed' by ^paramilitary 
and subversive elements’^ into 
a,, general insimtction, they 
bad little choice bbl to ban it 
; Concern for Protestant 
susceptibilities, would have to 
take second place to protecting 
the public against explosion 
and widespread violence. . 
ju, Once ' imposed, however, 
laich a prohibition must also 
be. properly enforced. If 
marchers defy a ban — and do 
so, moreover, with something 
like ease — the only real effect 
of prohibition is to make the 
few look ridiculous and the 
authorities impotent Those 
are hot lessons anyone should 

• wish -to see inculcated in 
Northern Ireland. 

“Yet that is exactly what has 
happened rihce - late Sunday 
night The ban provoked an 
immediate protest march of 

* between 3,000 and 5,000 peo- 

® pie (the estimates of; respec- 
tively, the police and the 
otganisers). ft caught the po- 
lice by surprise. And h passed 
off seemingly without a hitch. 
"Mr Paisley promptly 
daimed a victory for loyahsm. 
And despite the paradox of 
loyalist defiance of Crown 
prodamations, it Is difficult, 
lor once, to deny his claim. 
The assembling of a. large, 
apparently impromptu .and 
peaceful demonstration after 
midnight was a more impres- 
sive display of Unionist oppo- 

sition to the ‘ Anglo-Irish 
agreement than .any traditional 
orchestrated " parade would 
have been. 

But with this example of 
successful defiance of the law 
before them, Portadown loyal- 
ists yesterday rioted iir earnest. 
It was one of the worst days 
there for many years with both 
rioters and . police seriously 
injured —though in cither parts 
of Ulster small parades passed 
off quietly. 

; There was a further reason 
for yesterday’s riots. Many 
Unionists simply did hot be- 
lieve the authorities- story. If 
the paramilitaries . had not 
hijacked the 'post-midnight 
protest march to attack the 
police, they doubted that that 
there ever was a real plan to 
transform .the. Apprentice 
Boys* march into a province- 
wide rebellion at all. Certainly 
violence such as bombs on the 
marchers' route would have 
killed and . injured almost 
exclusively' its / Protestant 

There is consequently a 
strong case for releasing the 
original information to the 
public. Without supporting ev- 
idence, it will appear to many 
unionists that the police acted, 
to ban a loyalist demonstra- 
tion on slight grounds, when 
only the previousday they had 
allowed a republican march in 
Londonderry to commemo- 
rate the 1916 Easier Rising ( a 
march, moreover, during 
which a soldier was shot in the 

'Such apparent favouritism 
wfflworsenttefeare of Union- 
ists already nervous that the 
Anglo-Irish agreement means 
a gradual surrender of their 
interests. They complain. 'of 
being impaled on 'Morion's . 
Fork. If they corifine their 

protests to Parliament and 
political channels, they are 
ignored. But if they take to the 
streets in protest, the British 
government is urged by both 
Dublin and the SDLP to 
challenge their “bluff* by ban- 
ning theirmarches. 

-Such fears have been further 
exacerbated in recent days by 
the controversy over Ministry 
of Defence contracts for two 
oil auxiliary vessels. This pits 
the Belfast yards of Harland 
and Wolff against Tyneside's 
newly-privatised . Swan 
Hunter. Harland and Wolff 
have submitted the lowest 
tender which, under the De- 
fence Ministry's competitrtve 
tendering system, should win 
them the contract. To meet the 
objection that nationalised 
Harland and Wolff is trading 
with .a bounty, independent 
accountants have certified that 
their tender is altogether free 
of state subsidy. 

The issue is as yet un- 
decided. In the present state of 
Ulster opinion, however, fail- 
ure to gram the contract to 
Harland and Wolff would 
confirm the nervous feeling 
abroad that the British govern- 
ment is planning a gradual 
withdrawal from the province. 

The Northern Ireland 
authorities ' could give no 
worse impression to the 
Unionist majority than to 
seem both hostile and im- 
potent Such a combination of 
attitudes is an invitation to 
violence as" yesterday's rioting 
showed. Ministers should at 
least be considering the range 
of gestures they might make to 
assure Unionists that they are 
as much foil and welcome 
members of the United King- 
dom now as they were .before 
the Hillsborough agreement 



The five-i 

Czechoslovak Communist 
Party, which ended in Prague 
last wetjk^ offered the 
dispiriting spectacle of a once* 
great riatipn dmeaoxhg itself 
before a powe^ ne^pibpur^ 
Gustav Husal^.J^dfit. rf^ fl. 
formerly demoaatic aad Cul- 
tured country 'with a-: highly 
developed and efficieiri 1 ra* 
dustry, spoke about iessonshjs 
country had to leam from the 
Soviet Union, a country whose 
standards of democracy,, living 
and industiy staffed tar short' 
of those enjoyed years ago by 
the people of Czechoslovakia.. 

Summing up progress made . 
over the past five years, Mr 
Husak. listed failings that 
needed to be rooted out of 
Czechoslovak', life: , in- . 
efficiency, laziness; dis- 
honesty, - bureaucratic 
bumbling, abuse of privilege; 
He could hardly have pro- 
vided a more; comprehensive 
survey of the defects inherent 
ini the Soviet system. In effect, 
Mr Husak was appealing to his 
'people to unlearn habits 
learned in their 40-year prac- 
tice of Soviet-style socialism. • 

Yet there was little need for* 
Czechoslovakia to. apologise to. 
Moscow. The West criticizes 
Czechoslovakia for slavishly 
following the Soviet foreign 
policy line of the moment, and 
for denying its . intellectuals 
their freedom, but. on the 
comparative scale of the East- - 
era bloc its economy is no 
disgrace. Growth rates have 
been respectable. They - are 
second only to those of East 
Germany according to major 
indicators. Dairy production is 

one Of the perennial problems 
throughout the Soviet bloc yet 
in' Czechoslovakia has in- 
creased. Living standards arc 
/among ihe 1 highest- in Tastera 
Europe, certainly higher thad 
in the Soviet Union./: * 

i JBai these are things about 
whkb thc Czechoslovak leader 
cannot boast to Moscow. For 
Czechoslovakia’s experience 

demonstrates,'' nr':'. &P " quite 

distinct ways, the con- 
sequences ' of what Mr 
Gortrachov appears to be plan- 
ning for the Soviet Union. In 
the first place it illustrates 
what cannot be. achieved by 
merely tinkering with the sys- 
tem. In the second, it illus- 
trates the likely consequences 
if something more than tinker- 
ing is attempted. • 

* Czechoslovakia has an econ- 
omy with many, of/the features 
Mr Gorbachov waits to apply 
to the Soviet Union already in 
place: streamlining of the cen- 
tral planning apparatus, small- 
er-scaie enterprises, relatively 
productive agriculture. Yet it 
still suffers from the wastage 
and indiscipline that are 
ananathema to the Soviet 
leader. Mr Husak paid lip 
service to the tentative 
management changes set out 
by the Soviet, leader a month 
ago; but they would make little 
difference in Czechoslovakia, 
In the second place, Czecho- 
slovakia is' a living example of 
the risks of comprehensive 
economic reform - — of the kind 
Mr Gorbachov may be 
. tempted to contemplate if, as 
is only too likely, his proposed 
limited changes do not achieve 
the desired effect. Alexander 

Dubcek’s “socialism with a 
human face" was based on a 
blueprint for radical economic 
reform; it. was real reform and 
not the distortion which mas- 
querades under the term in 
Eastern Europe today. Its pros- 
pect caused Leonid Brezhnev 
to send Soviet tanks to Prague. 
Since fifen, reform — real 
reform — has. been a forbidden 
word in CzaechosTovaJda. It 
cannot be used even today. 
And its use by Mr Gorbachov 
at the Soviet Party. Congress a 
month ago. was pointedly not 
echoed by MrHusak last week. 

Both Moscow and Prague 
now fece a dilemma. On the 
one hand, Mr Husak and his 
leadership team, all virtually 
unchanged since 1968, are 
throwbacks to the Brezhnev 
era. They represent for the 
younger leaders in Moscow 
exactly the inflexibility they 
are trying to wean Soviet 
bureaucracy away from. On 
this account alone, Moscow 
might . well want change in 

On the other hand, Czecho- 
slovakia has quietly made a 
limited success of its economy, 
where the Soviet Union has 
patently foiled. And it has 
done so without making any 
gestures in the direction of 
democracy. By the optimistic 
standards of the Gorbachov 
leadership, however, not 
enough has yet been achieved. 
Czechoslovakia is not, in the 
new. Soviet view,.fulfillmg its 
economic potential. Can it do 
so without charting a course 
back to 1968? Many m 
Czechoslovakia will doubt it 


now nearly two months 
s Jean-Claude “Baby Doc 
alier bade a hurried fere- 

re UCIilHU, Uic in — 

under the thumb of a 
tor seemed at last to be 
Were they too optizms- 

nid growing unrest last 
c Lieutenant-General 
iNamphy, leader of the 
lan junta whic h took over 
government after Du- 
r, sacked three -colleagues 
£ association with the 
*n regirrie.bad made them 
ceptabie to most Hair. 
. That in itstif was pqpu- 
enough, 3ut tbe 
nation, also last week, of 
mman rights leader Ge- 
Gourgue has.feft General 
phy president of a trun- 
l council - and nothing m 
to replace it- ^ 
s government must be a 
"‘ nal one. It took, oyer 
- at a moment when 
-niice- was threatened 
Hubert 4e 
f v one of several pou- 
vho are. starting to 

jostle for eventual power, has 
called on people to support the 
restructured ruling council — 
not because . it is the ideal 
government but because it is 
the only kind there is. Without 
the military to impose law and 
order on the island, the fear is 
that common chaos would 
. return. 

Bunhis cannot entirely allay 
the concern of those outside 

Haiti who suspect that most 
Haitians - will .want Change 
towaids democracy to come 
rather more quickly. Not that- 

democratic government is any 

guara ntee of Stability or suc- 
cess. But the protests which 
have already begun against the 
general and his "colleagues, 
ihow that it is; what the 
copulation wants.' To resist 
demands forfree elections for 
long would risk polarizing 
pubhc opinion . 

' The United States is in the 
best position to bring ‘home.*® 
General Nampfay the needfor 
swifter progress towards jree 

which engineered.^ removal 

of president-fbr-4ife Duvaher. 

It is Washington again which 
can help, to guide Haiti to- 
wards a more stable future. 

- h will not be an easy task. 
The leader of Haiti’s Com- 
munist Party .is among those 
who have returned from exile 
following the events of two 
months ago. Advice and fi- 
nance from nearby Cuba will 
doubtless be coming his way 

There will be a temptation 
for Washington to assume that 
a tightly controlled military 
■ government offers the best 
hope of keeping communist 
influences away from the is- 
land. In -the unstable climate of. 
post-Duvalier Haiti, however, 
the Communist cause would 
be helped rather than hindered 
by signs of military resistance 
to the popular will - and even 
more so by any. suggestion that 
the United States approved 

Washington would thus be 
- well-advised to lake risks on 
the side of fester progress to 
democracy. That, fortunately, 
seetris fo be its present inclina- 


Qvil Service as spur to reform 

From the Minister of State, Privy 
Council Office 

Sir, Your editorial of March 27, 
“Reversing down Whitehall” , 
needs answering As Minister with 
day-to-day responsibility for the 
Civil Service I welcome your lead 
in discussing the role of the Civil 
Service. But your arguments lack 

Two important questions need 
to be posed. Is the Civil Service an 
obstacle to the carrying out by an 
elected government of its policy 
programme? And is the Civil 
Service as efficient and pro- 
fessional as it should be? 

The first question is broadly 
answered by examining this 
Government's achievements in 
the last seven years. In that period 
we have pursued radical reformist 
policies on trade unionism, tome 
ownership, privatisation, training 
and taxation amongst others. 
Plans ate in hand for major 
reforms on, for example, social 
welfare, education and local gov- 
ernment finance. These are all 
major changes which the Civil 
Service has loyally helped to 

On the second question, your 
editorial foils to acknowledge the 
scale of the management reforms 
which have taken place in the 
Civil Service since 1979 under the 
Prime Minister’s leadership. 

The Civil Service is now smaller 
than it has been ever since the 
Second World War, slimmed by 
20 per cent since 1979. The work 
of the Efficiency Unit (which will 
continue vigorously in its task 
under the leadership of Sir Robin 
Ibbs of ICT), reinforced by the 
financial management initiative, 
has already transformed the 
management of the Service, bring- 
ing home to civil servants at all 
levels the need constantly to 
question existing practices and 
procedures and to keep a tighter 

control on costs. For the fust time 
line managers now have dearly 
defined responsibility both for the 
tasks which they carry out and for 
the resources they use. 

Nothing could be further from 
the truth titan your suggestion that 
the process of reform is in reverse. 
There is, of course, still much 
more to do, to consolidate and 
follow through the series of related 
initiatives in the management of 
money, people and physical assets. 
But today we undoubtedly have a 
Civil Service which not only 
retains all the traditional virtues 
but is also efficient and pro- 
fessional. Civil Servants deserve 
enormous credit for carrying 
through our programme of 
management reforms with 
determination and commitment. 

There are of course many other 
aspects of government which 
merit public debate. The complex- 
ity, the growth of select commit- 
tees, the demand for more 
information and the role of politi- 
cal advisers all pose interesting 
and imporxantquestions about the 
relationship between ministers 
and civil servants. The Select 
Committee on the Treasury and 
Civil Service will shortly be 
reporting on this and will doubt- 
less stimulate further discussion. 

The Government will be 
considering these questions very 
seriously. We shall also continue 
to press ahead with the pro- 
gramme of management reforms 
which I have outlined. I fully agree 
with your view however that 
“institutionalised reform is not a 
substitute for economic and social 
policies to regenerate Britain'*, 
and I regret the tendency in some 
quarters to suggest otherwise. 
Yours etc, 


Cabinet Office, 

Great George Street, SWl. 

March 29. 

Design for industry 

From Mr James Dyson 
Sir, I was interested to read the 
letters in your March 17 issue on 
the MSC. Whilst the much her- 
alded, and advertised, MSC is no 
doubt a worthwhile scheme, what 
is not generally known or 
publicised is that it is accompa- 
nied by, and no doubt financed by, 
a massive closure of art and design 
courses around the country. Tn 
other words, this Government is 
robbing design colleges to pay for 
the MSC; they are merely shifting 
resources and are not providing 
additional training funds. 

It .is no good pretending that 
“Spikey Dodds is going to be a big 
threat to fepan” (full page MSC 
advert in The Times, March IS). I 
ha\se spent seven out of the last 18 
months designing products in 
Japan. 1 am convinced that the 
only way for. Britain to export 
successfully is to produce original 
and welt-designed products — a 
view constantly expressed by the 
Prime Minister herself The core 
of Japan’s success is her enthu- 
siasm and mania for design and 

product perfection. 

It is often said that Britain 
produces lots of talented an 
students whom industry then 
ignores. This is complacent and 
dangerous nonsense. Britain does 
not produce anything like enough 
talented design graduates. Go and 
see the standard and volume of 
Japanese design graduates before 
being satisfied about Britain’s 
provision for its design future. 

There are signs that the Design 
Council's costly efforts to per- 
suade industry to use designers are 
starting to work. UK design 
practices are enjoying a boom and 
are recruiting heavily. Galleries in 
the USA, winch sell young artists 
work, have increased tenfold in 
the last five years. 

If we want to “threaten Japan" 
then we should now be putting 
more money into educating more 
artists and designers of a high 
standard, not axe the institutions 
we have carefully bnilt up. 

Yours faithfully, 


Sycamore House, 


Bath, Avon. 

The Savery case 

From Mr Charanjit Singh 
Sir, The job of Avon’s Multi- 
cultural Education Centre (MEC) 
is to tackle racism and not simply 
to teach F ngti«h Anti-racism is 
not a “provocative and disruptive 
creed" but a recognition of black 
peoples* right to freedom. 

1 also object strongly to being 
labelled as a militant in a deroga- 
tory way. I am simply a teacher 
working towards justice and 
upholding Avon's education poli- 

Justice for black and white 
children; tot it must be under- 
stood that the nature of racism is 
such that it is Mack people's 

freedom that is being continually 
eroded by this 'racist 
society. Ronald Bun's article 
(March 13) contributes to that 
very erosion; racism (injustice), as 
you will appreciate, needs to be 
cha l lenged 

It is quite right and proper for 
black people, as victims of racism, 
to have the space to articulate 
their experiences unedited. If a 
teacher uses her/his freedom to 
impede the freedom of others then 
this can hardly be called justice. 

Yours sincerely, 


44 Station Road, 

Ashley Down, 

Bristol, Avon. 

Top chunks 

From the Principal of St Chad’s 
College, Durham 

Sir, Your news item (March 13) 
concerning the High Court injunc- 
tion against the use of the name 
Oxbridge prompts recollection of 
an earlier marmalade story. 

J.EJ3. Mayor, Professor of Latin 
at Cambridge from 1872 until his 
death at the age of 85 in 1910, was 
well known for his vegetarian 
ideas. Among his many publica- 
tions was a pamphlet entitled 
Modicus dbi medicus sibi : he was 
himself believed to subsist on a 
daily diet of brown bread, ba n a n as 
and water. 

Professor Mayor instructed his 
housekeeper to • make a mar- 
malade to his own specification. 
This he sold is a food reform shop 

which he had opened in Cam- 
bridge. Trouble arose from the foot 
that the lady put the confection 
into any old jam pots she could 
come by. 

Shortly afterwards this 
announcement appeared in a 
number of newspapers: “Be it 
hereby known that L John Eyton 
Bickersteth Mayor, do most hum- 
bly apologise to Messrs Keiller 
and Sons of Dundee, for selling 
marmalade in vessels distin- 
guished by their trade-mark; and I 
thank them for accepting this 
confession in lieu of legal 

Yours faithfully. 



St Chad's College. 


Skirting the issue 

From Mrs Y. M. Newbold 
Sir, I could scarcely believe that 

the Midlands dressmaker who 
detected a difference in the tele- 
phone manner between mothers 
and daughters (Mrs Thursfiekfs 
letter, March 26) actually prefers 
mother’s informality to daughter's 
busmeasGke approach. 

I prefer the latter. Throughout 
my business life I've been irritated 
by the “m’deari* approach from 
both women and men who often 

act as if mature years confer a 
licence to patronise. 

In feet, it may warm Mrs 
Thursfi eld's heart to know that a 
total stranger picked up the tele- 
phone in answer to a call I made 
the other day to the Midlands and 
called me “m’luv" quite freely. I 
learned later that he is 22. 1 am a 
lawyer. Probably about the same 
age as Mrs Thurefield. 

Yours faithfully, 


40 Devonshire Place Mews Wl. 
March 26. 

Divorce a cause 
of State decay 

From Mr George G Brown 
Sir. The Divorce Reform Act of 
1969 led to an increase in divorce 
in our country which amounts to a 
revolution. During the past 15 
years the number of divorces has, 
in round terms, trebled and the 
rate of increase is the highest in 
western civilization; so that soon, 
half of all marriages may end in 

This development has deep 
political, social and religious im- 
plications for our national life. 

Political implications, because 
the family, still for the most pan 
formed by marriage; is the founda- 
tion of democracy and a barrier 
against the excessive power of the 

Because, there are indications 
from recent legislation that Par- 
liament now considers divorce as 
the norm and that marriage is 
simply a contract for a period; this 
in turn threatens a clash between 
Church and State, and therefore 
the assumption that the royal 
prerogative is based on Christian 

Social implications, because we 
now have 1.5 million children 
living in one million one-parent 
families; because as the divorce 
rate has risen there has been 
widespread moral decay, with the 
rate of illegitimacy, abortion, chil- 
dren in care, juvenile crime and 
drug abuse increasing propor- 
tionately; because the financial 
cost to the country is well over £1 
billion a year; and because there is 
widespread misery, with 50 per 
cent of the second marriages 

Religious implications, because 
we are a Judtaeo-Christian civiliza- 
tion and for 2,000 years the 
Church has preached that mar- 
riage is for life. The Church's 
anitide to the divorce revolution 
has in general been permissive, 
but as the divorce rate has risen, so 
has church attendance declined. 

There are now clear signs of 
national moral decay and at the 
heart of that decay is the divorce 
revolution. Is it not time that 
consideration was given to 
amending the Divorce Reform 
Act 1969, by now consolidated 
into the Matrimonial Causes Act 

Yours faithfully. 


2 King's Bench Walk, 

Temple, EC4. 

Finding a fake 

From Mr Alan Bishop 
Sir, Mr Graham Chainey’s noble 
plea (March 12) that all paintings 
should be assessed by their own 
inherent beauty and by nothing 
else, though not without its diffi- 
culties, would in an ideal world be 
the only criterion for such 

Unfortunately, it is not the skill 
of the artist but the feme of his 
name which, in all the arts, usually 
determines the price that must be 
paid for every dusty canvas or 
faded manuscript. Would the now 
dimly delineated painting of the 
Holy Family io be sold by 
Sotheby's at Monte Carlo in June 
have made your front page (March 
1 7) if it were not believed to be by 
Mantegna? One strongly doubts iL 

Once the identity of a great 
name can confidently be given to 
any newly discovered canvas, 
however unprepossessing a for- 
tune will be asked of its purchaser 
and many will be those who may 
aspire to pay it. 

Yours feithnilly, 


23A Guest Road, 


March IS. 

Hard to grasp 

From Mr R. J. O. Meyer 
Sir. Ms Peggy Pitt (February 21) 
asks readers for advice on her 
problem of opening plastic-en- 
cased articles with fingers that are 
old and arthritic. In my early 
eighties I had the same problem 
until one night, wishing to read in- 
bed after the ball was over, i went 
through the list no help from “wig 
on the wall" (no pins), “wooden 
leg in the comer" (out of hopping 
distance) or “bottle of dye”, but 
false teeth (in the water close to 
hand) worked wonders; and my 
magazine was soon tom open. 

The feet that I had left my 
signifying glass in the bathroom 
rally does not magnify anything 
except my success. 

I look forward with equanimity 
to anything the plastic boys throw 
at me in the nineties, and my 
royalties from the book. Meyer on 
the Correct Use of Dentures in a 
Plastic World, should ensure the 
presence of a re-cycling machine 
which would be computerised into 
bringing me the dye, leg and wig 
every morning for re-assembly. 

Youis etc. 

R. J. O. MEYER, 

St Lawrence College. 




March 10. 


From Mr Miles Copeland sr 
Sir, I leave it to my betters in 
Washington to carry on the debate 
over whether or not we “had a 
right” to send our Navy and 
airplanes mio the Gulf of Sirte, but 
may I express the hope that some 
of them are concerning themselves 
with its relevancy, if any, to what 
President Reagan has called our 
“war against international 
terrorism’' and the question of 
whether or not our so doing has 
improved or damaged our po- 
sition in that war. 

For example, have we really 
“clipped GadafETs wings'*, as a US 

Government spokesman claimed 
on BBCs Newsnight, or have we 
strengthened his position in Libya, 
the Third World and elsewhere? 
Do we now have more friends and 
supporters throughout the world, 
or fewer? Are the positions of 
“moderate” Arab leaders now 
more secure, or less? Do our 
European allies now have more 
confidence in our leadership, or 

Are we and these allies now 
more united, or have the Soviets 
received yet another boost in their 
admitted objective to split us? Are 
we now likely to nave more 
terrorism or fess, and are the 


terrorists (whom Chairman Mao 
called “the fish") going to have 
more popular support (“the sea”) 
or less? 

It seems dear enough that our 
action in this instance has boosted 
die popularity of President Rea- 
gan at home. Must such actions 
necessarily be at odds with what it 
takes to sustain a strong American 
position on the international 



3 The Green. 

Aston Rowant. 


March 26. 

APRIL 1 1913 

In March 1912 the Postmaster - ■ 
General Herbert Samuel, 
accepted the tender of the British 
Marconi Company for building 
wireless stations. 

Exchequer) and Sir Rufus Isaacs 
(Attorney General) had bought, 
after the tender had been 
accepted, shares in the parallel 
American Marconi, an act which 
aroused rumours and innuendo 
about profit making. Both men 
admitted to an error of judgment 
and apologized to the Commons. 
In October a Select Committee 
began an investigation. Its 
favourable report was debated in 
the House whick resolved that it 
“...acquits them of acting 
otherwise than in good faith, and 
reprobates the charges of 
corruption which have been 
proved to be wholly false. ’’ 


The evidence of Mr. Lloyd 
George before the Select Commit- 
tee of the House of Commons was 
concluded yesterday, but not until 
very near the dose of the sitting. 
For the last 20 minutes or so the 
witness-chair was occupied by the 
Postmaster-General. Sir Albert 
Spicer presided, and there was 
once more a crowded Committee- 
zoom. The earlier part of the 
proceedings was marked by inter- 
ruptions from male suffragists, 
with whom the police dealt faith- 
fully and expeditiously. . . 

Mr. Licyd George began by 
disclaiming a suggestion imputed 

to him by some newspapers that he 
wished to revive charges against 
the Chamberlain family. He had no 
such wish; he had confined himself 
strictly to the principles he had laid 
down in 1900, and had only gone 
beyond that to state that if the old 
controversies were revived the 
responsibility would not be his. 
The reference to “principles” 
proved too much for a suffragist, 
who protested, to his own speedy 
undoing. Lord Robert Cecil re- 
suming his e xamina tion took Mr. 
Lloyd George back to the sale and 
purchase of the American shares, 
the arithmetic of which still proved 
troublesome. Then he was told by 
the witness that although no 
money passed between him and Sir 
RufUs Isaacs there would have been 
no difficulty in finding the £2,000 
required. A little later Lord Robert 
and Mr. Lloyd George amicably 
discussed the meaning of 
“investment'’ and “speculation.” A 
suggestion that the witness might 
produce a list of his dealings in 
stocks and shares since 1910 
occasioned some remonstrance on 
the part of membem, but Mr. Lloyd 
George was found to have such a 
list with him ready for scrutiny. 


An extract from an article in the 
Notional Review was next read. 
Lord Robert Cecil suggesting that 
it seemed to hint at ga mb l in g by 
Ministers in American Marconi 
shares as well as in shares of the 
English company. Mr. Lloyd 
George replied that if there was any 
such hint it was much to indefinite 
for him to take legal action upon it, 
and it was not present to his mind 
when he intervened in the Com- 
mons debate of October Last. . . 

Mr. Faber was the next to 
examine Mr. Lloyd George, and 
with him the witness proved a little 
restive. He protested that ques- 
tions were being asked over and 
over again, even unto the fifteenth 
time. When Mr. Faber desired to 
know bow it was that, having 
bought shares for investment pur- 
poses, be so Id -them within three 
days. Mr. Lloyd George retaliated 
by asking what Mr. Faber would 
have done in wnwilwr circumstances 
with, say, railway shares; and 
thought it was a “ridiculous 
proposition" to suggest that shares 
bought for investment should not 
be sold when they went unexpect- 
edly high. Later, when Mr. Faber 
tried to get Mr. Lloyd George to 

admit” that the English company 
was interested in the American 
company, the latter objected to the 
word. It was not a question of 
admission; it was merely a fact. To 
Mr. Faber the witness also made 
the “specific declaration” that, 
apart from the transactions already 
detailed, be had had no dealings in 
Marconi Company shares. 

After luncheon Mr. Macmoster 
took up the examination. He drew 
attention to the omission from the 
circular of the English Marconi 
Company (which referred to the 
conclusion of the agreement with 
the Government) of any reference 
to the clause enabling the Postmas- 
ter-General to displace the Marco- 
ni patents if he thought fit; but Mr. 
Lloyd George would not follow him 
into this, as he had not seen the 
circular in question. 

Towards the close of the exami- 
nation Mr. Lloyd George referred 
at some length to the evidence of 
Mr. Maxse, who, as it happened, 
was present. He protested with 
emphasis that if any members of 
Parliament had communicated 
slanders to journalists, it was their 
duty to come forward and state 
them specifically. Nothing could be 
more discreditable than to circu- 
late slanderous rumours and skulk 
behind other persons when the 
time came to formulate the charges 
openly. Such members were 
dishonouring the Parliament to 
which they belonged. . . . 

Nihil ex machina 

From Mrs Elizabeth M. Crawford 
Sir. In the year of our Lord. 1986. 
surely something can be done by 
British Rail to solve the problem 
of chocolaie-vending machines. 
They neither deliver the goods nor 
return one’s money. 

I have witnessed grown men 
and women reduced to tears and 

Yours faithfully. ^ 

28 Kingswood Avenue, NW6. 
March 18. 




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Prince Andrew will visit Nas- 
sau. The Bahamas, from April i 
to 7. and will attend a dinner 
dance in aid of ibe Gordonstoun 
American Foundation. 

The Prince of Wales. President 
. of The Prince's Trust, will visit 

- **Work, Sport and Leisure" a 
■course for unemployed young 
“ people, organized by the trust, at 

the Caisier Holiday 
Superccntre. near Great Yar- 
mouth. on April 25. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Presi- 
dent of the King George’s Fund 
for Sailors, will attend the 
annual meeting at the Mansion 
House on April 25. 

The Princess of Wales will open 
the new extensions of the Chil- 
' tern Nursery Training College, 
‘ peppard Road, Caversham. 

- Reading, Berkshire, on April 25. 
' Princess Anne will attend the 

Soroptimist International of 
Gloucester and District's dinner 
on April 25 in aid of the 
Gloucestershire MacMillan 
Home Care Nursing Service at 

- the Chapter House and Clois- 
ters. Gloucester Cathedral. 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will attend the forti- 
eth anniversary reunion of the 
Burma Star Association at the 
Albert Hall on April 26. 

The Queen will visit the Bell 
Mead Kennels. Old Windsor, on 
April 28. 

Princess Anne will visit the 
Farms for City Children at 
Iddcsleigh. Devon, on April 28 
and later, as Patron of the Home 
Farm Trust, will visit RivendeU. 
Chud Leigh. Devon, to mark the 
occasion of its completion. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Presi- 
dent of the World Wildlife Fund 
international, will hold an exec- 
utive committee meeting and a 
board meeting at Buckingham 
■ Palace on April 28 and 29. 
Princess Anne will open the new 
institute of London Under- 
writers Building in Leadenhall 
Street on April 29 and later will 
visit the Common Ground 
International exhibition at (he 
Natural History Museum. In the 
evening, as President of the Save 
the Children Fund, she will 
attend a fashion show to mark 
the golden birthday of 
Simpson's of Piccadilly. 

Princess Alexandra will open 
the Henry Prince Estate at 
Garrett Lane, Wandsworth, on 
April 23. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Lieutenant-General Sir 
John Glubb will be held in 
Westminster Abbey at 2.30pm 
on Thursday, April 17. 1986. 
Those wishing to attend are 
invited to apply for tickets to: 
The Chapter Clerk. Room 17. 
20 Dean's Yard, Westminster 
Abbey. London. SWIP 3 PA. 
enclosing a stamped addressed 
envelope, by Tuesday. April 8. 
Tickets will be posted on Friday. 
April 1 1. All are welcome. 

Little Ship Oub 

The Little Ship Club clubhouse 
at Bell Wharf Lane, EC4. will 
close from 2300 hours on Tues- 
day, April 15. 1986. and will 
reopen at 1 730 hours on Tues- 
day, April 22, 1986. at The 
Naval Club. 38 Hill Sum. Wl. 

This is a temporary arrange- 
ment pending demolition and 
rebuilding the new clubhouse at 
Bell Wharf Lane. 

Israelis are 
bridge champions 

The Israelis M. Katz and M. 
Gal bail finished strongly to win 
the Pears Championship at the 
Guardian Easter International 
tournament which ended lasted 
night at the Park Lane Hold. 

posMons: 1. M Katz A M 
06OS match pome,; 2. S 
Preston & R Hyde- 8381: 3. M 
Hoffman A P Karam. 8286: *. C 
Hartley A S Pooham. 8213; S.OLM 
R<Mhl M Letghlon. 8201: 6. M Hirst 
A D Hamilton. 8137: 7. r Shine & P 
Spencer. 8123: 8. Mr A Mrs D C 
Oram. 8106: 9. R M Sheehan A Z 
Mahmoud. 8086: 10. J Berent a M 
Wotach. 8083. 

Rlxl Marlon Cap (Sanaa Taann): l rsptti 
He i. D Parry. A M Hiron. Mrs 
Ftohpoot. S Preston. 91 victory points: 
2. R C Fredrick. C Cornell. D Wallace. 
P Lockett 91: 3 lequaR Mr A Mrs M 
Brftie. L Shaw. R Sampson 89: I 
Crone. A J Fcrquson. C M Dowle. M 
Urquhart. 89. R Mardlln. D 
Townsend. M Dniart. R Coutunaux. 
89 6 leouali. p Shields. J Rue. Mr A 
Mrs p N Lee. 87: R S BrocV. J Pottage. 
B RtgaL A M C Thompson. 87. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Christopher Bishop. 54; Mr 
David Gower, 29; Sir Paul 
Hasluck. 81; Sir Nicholas 
Henderson. 67; MissGaie John- 
son Houghton, 45; Baroness 
McFariane of Ltandaflf, 60. 
Professor M.L. McGIashan. 62; 
Mr Justice Macpherson of 
Quay. 60. Professor Sir Dimitri 
Obolensky, 68; Mrs Marie 
Patterson. 52: Mr Sieve Race. 
65: Professor Sir Peter Tizard. 
70; Mr Leslie Waller, 63; Mr J J. 
Williams. 38. 

Threatened Victorian church. St Cothbert's, Phil beach 
Gardens, Earl's Court, which may dose. 

Old Broad street, in the City, where a Dumber of bufldmgs 
face the possibility of redevelopment. 

London heritage ‘in peril’ 

Responsibility for London's 
40,000 listed buildings and 200 
Conservation Areas is transferred 
today from the Historic Buildings 
Division of the Greater London 
Council to the London Division of 
English Heritage. 

Mr Ken Powell, secretary of 
Save Britain's Heritage, has 
called on the new department “to 
fight for what is left of London, 
one of the great historic cities of 
the world" against the threat from 
private developers, negligent and 
indolent local authorities, com- 
placent public bodies and from 
sheer ignorance and indifference. 

“English Heritage needs to 
develop an urgent plan of action to 
reverse the tide of decay and 

By Charles Knevitt Architecture Correspondent 

with redundancy, and bnOdings in 

destruction, using its foil powers", 
he said. 

Conservationists fear that the 
ruination of the capital could 
continue, almost SO years after 
Evelyn Wangh wrote that it had 
been “brought down and torn in 
pieces; the dty of lamentations, 
ruled by Lilliputians and ex- 
ploited by Yahoos..." 

In a report, London After 
Livingstone, Save argues that the 
new London Advisory Committee 
must “campaign for historic build- 
ings, regardless of the 
ownership". Churches and some 
40 sites within the square mile of 
the City are most at risk, including 
St Cuthbert, Philbeach Gardens, 
listed Grade II but threatened 

Old Broad Street in the City. 

The report says that the 
committee's initial hurdle will he 
establishing a working relation- 
ship with the boroughs, few of 
which have a worthy record of 
conservation. It dies the example 
of the overnight demolition of 
Kensington Town Hall as being 
“an action worthy of the most 
unscrupulous developer”, and 
questions whether the £1,500 
million development at Canary 
Wharf, on the tele of Dogs, will be 

London After Livingstone, 
available from Save Britain's 
Heritage, 68 Battersea High 
Street/ London SWU 3HX- 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr D.B. Shepherd -Cross 
and Mias R.A. Mather 
A marriage has been arranged 
between David Benjamin, elder 
son of the late Major Peter 
Shepbexd-Cross. MC. and Mrs 
Peter Shepherd-Cross, of 
Thatch. Compton Bassett, Wilt- 
shire. and Rose AmabeL youn- 
ger daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Carol Mather. MC. MP. 
and the Hon Mrs Mather, of 
Oddington House. Moreton-in- 
Marsh, Gloucestershire. 

Mr G.T. Quorate 

and Mis M.HA. - Casely- 


The engagement is announced 
between Giles Thomas, only son 
of Mrs K.W. Witham and 
stepson of Mr R.R. Witham, of 
Porlock Weir, Somerset, and 
Margaret- only daughter of Mr 
V.W. Casely-Hayford, of Doug- 
las. Isle of Man. and Mrs R.A 
Casely-Hayford. of Church 
Hanborough, Oxfordshire. 

Mr J.G.G. Wibon 
and Miss SI. Walsh 
The forthcoming marriage is 
announced between James 
Geoffrey Goddard, only son of 
the late Mr Peter Wilson, of 
ClyfTe Pypard. and Mrs Hazel 
Wilson, of Great Bedwyn. Wilt- 
shire. and Susan Elizabeth, 
daughter of the late Mrs E.A. 
Walsh and Mr G. Walsh, of 
Lower FroyJe. Hampshire. 

Mr R.N23. Grandison 
sad Miss J. Clare 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mr FJ. 
Grandison and the late Mrs E. 
Grandison. of Muirhead. An- 
gus. and Jan. eldest daughter of 
Mrs T. Lindsay-Smilh and the 
late Right Lieutenant R_ Clare, 
of Berkeley Avenue. Lincoln. 

Mr J. Liasey 
and Miss L. Disley 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs Ray Linsey, of 
Hildersham. Cambridge, and 
Lyn. younger daughter of Mrs 
Audrey Disley. of Keston. JCem. 

Mr J.P.N. Lowe 
and Miss C.G. Morris 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, younger son of 
Major and Mrs J.H.C. Lowe, of 
Crowborough. Sussex, and 
Claudia, daughter of Mr D.M. 
of Salisbury. Wiltshire, 

and Mrs P.A. 
Colyfond. Devon. 

Monis. of 

Lieutenant A -N. Clark. RN, 
and Miss HA. Davy 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew Nelham. only 
son of the late Lieutenant- 
Colonel G.N. Clark and of Mrs 
M.H. Clark, of Porlock. Somer- 
set, and Helen Amanda, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Chris- 
topher Davy, of Wimbledon. 

Mr D. Child 

and Miss G. Coffins 

The engagement is announced 

between David, son of Mr and 

Mrs Alan Child, and Gillian. 

younger daughter of Mr and Mis 

Robert Collins. 

MrSj. Gisby 
and Miss SJ. Mumford 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs John Gisby, of 
Salisbury. Wiltshire, and Sarah, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Garth Mumford, of Noss Mayo, 


Mr N JL Rhodes 
and Miss JX Hallman 
The marriage took place yes- 
terday at the Church ofSt Mary 
of the Angels, Cardiff, of Mr 
Nigel Anthony Rhodes, son of 
Mr and Mrs G. Rhodes, of 
Church Crook ham, Hampshire, 
and Miss Julia Mary Hallman, 
elder daughter of Sir Lincoln 
and Lady Hallinan, of Radyr. 
Cardiff. Dom Charles Hallman, 
uncle of the bride, officiated, 
assisted by the Rev Donald 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Adam Thomas. 
Rbiannon Jones, Mary Howanh 
and Miss Teresa Hallinan. Mr 
Adam Leeson- Earle was best 

Digging starts 
at Roman fort 
in Scotland 

The largest single-season ar- 
chaeological excavation un- 
dertaken in Scotland begins 
today in the hope of uncover- 
ing an entire first-century 
Roman fort c 

Site preparations at 
Elgmhaugh, Dalkeith, have 
started so that heavy machin- 
ery can strip away top sofl. Dr 
William. Hanson* of Glasgow 
University, and a team or 38 
excavators, will then begin a 
manual dig covering 12 acres, 
expected to last until 

The project, costing about 
£230,000, is oiganized by the 
Historic Buildings and Monu- 
ments section of the Scottish 
Development Department. 
The fort was discovered by air 
photography in 1979 and the 
existence of a native settle- 
ment confirmed by trial 

Dr Hanson said: “One of 
the interests in this site is the 
potential of obtaining infor- 
mation not only about the 
Roman fort but also about the 
relationship between the Ro- 
mans and the natives. 

Church news 


The Rev p Thomps on , curate. Si 
Mark’s. Norttrwood. parish of Klrkhy. 
diocese of LlverpooL to be Klrkby 
industrial chaplain and member of the 
Kfrfcby fMm ministry, same diocese. 

The Rev M A Whatmougfe. curate. 
Si Thomas and SI EdmuruL Salisbury, 
diocese of Salisbury. 10 be Reel or. 
same parish, same diocese 
„ Deaconess B Humphries. SI 
Stephen's. A comb. York, diocese of 
York, lo St Martin's. Scarborough, 
same diocese. 

Resignations and retirements 

The Rev t M Burgess. Rector. Duloe 
wiui HerodslooL and hunt director. 
South w»st Mimsienal Training 
Course, diocese of Truro, to resign on 
May 19 lo become sub-warden of SI 
Deinloll Library. Ha warden. 

The Rev F Duke, prfesl-ln-cturge. 
Claydon wfth Moiflngton, diocese of 
Oxford, to retire on March 31. 

The Rev W E Foster. Vicar. Cruxlon 
with Broughton, diocese of UchtlekL 
lo retire on May 31. 

The Rev a F James. Vicar. Horton, 
diocese of Newcastle. 10 rear* on 

Rev A P Jetbart. Vicar. St 
Mark's. St Helen’s, diocese of Liver- 
pool to retire on October 12 
The Rev G B Kemp. Rector. 
Keltedon Hatch wtdt NavestocK 
thocew^of Chetmford. to retire on 

TTie Rev H Perrins, vicar. Si 

AKlan"v. Burton- upon -Trent, diocese 

of Lichfield, lo reUre on July 26 

Latest wills 

Miss Dorothy Jessie English, of 
Selly Oak. Birmingham, the 
radio actress who joined the 
BBC as a secretary in J926 and 
within six months was asked to 
deputise on Children's Hour. 
Ien£l24.l49 net. After bequests 
of £17.650 she left the residue 
equally between the Warwick- 
shire Cheshire Home. Sutton 
Coldfield, the Shaftesbury Soci- 
ety. S pasties Society. Chest and 
Hcan Association. Royal 
Commonwealth Society for the 
Blind, and Children in Need. 

Mr Edgar William PffidnRtoa. of 
Ludlow. Shropshire, left 
£1.776.389 net 

Mrs Dorothy Sylvia Clegg, of 
Poole. Dorset left £1,482.402 

Other estates include (net. be- 
fore tax paid): 

DanieU. Doreen Maud, of Ken- 
sington. London £38 1 .767 

Science report 

Quake prediction hope 

Greek scientists hare devised 
and rested a method of earth- 
quake prediction which they 
say is a practical way to avert 
disasters. But some of their 
col leagues remain to be 

"We are mm able to forecast 
within a reasonable margin of 
accuracy the approximate time. 
the source, and the magnitude 
of earth tremors'*. Dr Panayods 
Varotsos. assistant professor of 
solid state physics at Athens 
University, said. 

The system invented by Dr 
Yarotsos and his colleagues, 
professor Kaisar Alexopoufos, 
and Dr Constantine Nomikos. 
was named Van from the 
acronym of their surnames. 

Van intercepts electrical sig- 
nals generated bv the pressures 
that build op inside the solid 
earth mass several hours before 
an earthquake occurs. 

Dr Varotsos said: “We have 
managed to intercept these 
signals and interpret them for 
time. location and magnitude.** 

Nine other countries have 
expressed interest in the Greek 
discovery. They include China, 
which has itself made advances 
fat this experimental field. 

France and Italy are consid- 
ering installing a Van network 
in the seism ically active region 
of the Riviera*. The French 
believe that tbe system could 
moke it possible to evacuate 

From Mario Modiano. Athens 

people up to five days before an 
earthquake strikes. 

With State money, the Van 
team has set up 16 telemetric 
stations on tbe Greek mainland 
J20 kilometres from each other. 
A denser network would narrow 
the margin of error. 

Each station consists of a 
pair of electrodes planted two 
metres into tbe earth between 
50 and 200 metres apart in 
selected high-risk areas. 

Tbe electrodes pick op (be 
seismic electric signals and 
transmit them to a micro- 
computer which translates 
them into digital data. -These 
are conveyed to the system's 
central recorders at Dr 
Varotsos'5 home near Athens. 

The physicist said: “In 

shocks above 5 degrees on the 
Richter scale, four out of five 
predictions have been accurate 
within an error margin of 100 
kilometres of the epicentre and 
half a degree in magnitude. 

“Tbe lime-window has 
ranged between 6 hoars 20 
minutes minimum and one 
week maximum. In case of 
major earthquakes the warning 
comes at least two days in 

Because Greek seismologists 
have been questioning the prac- 
tical value of Van, Dr Varotsos 
established a verification sys- 
tem by sending telegrams to 
himself through the Post Office 

to authenticate the time the 
prediction was mode. “We hare 
not missed a single earthquake 
in Greece**, he said. 

Evidence that Van can be 
developed into a reliable predic- 
tion system was presented by- 
professor Alexopoufos to the 
Athens Academy, the country's 
leading learned society. 

He submitted affidavits by 
tbe Scientific Committee for 
Earthquake Predictions, a body 
set up by the government to 
evaluate Van, giving foil details 
of earthquake forecasts that 
came true, the latest being two 
tremors measuring 3.9 and 4.9 
on the Richter scale on Feb- 
ruary 17 in Salonika. 

The margin of error, how- 
ever, is often such as to make 
the authorities hesitate to pot 
out an earthquake warning on 
the strength of a Van predic- 
tion. Dr Varotsos resigned from 
tbe scientific committee re- 
cently after the government 
refused to announce that Van 
bad nude an accurate forecast. 

It may be significant, how- 
ever, that Dr Varotsos was 
asked bv tbe government to set 
up a Van network in Western 
Crete which, according to 
geologists, is destined to suffei 
a big earthquake in the next 
decade because of the pressures 
in the earth's oust caused by 
(he collision of tbe European 
and African plates. 

University news 


§Sx°g>LL^!*Jg^CrtfTltti ». Me- 
moriai Travelling FeBowthlp: Nigel 
Fancourt and Andre** Smethum 
BALLIOL COLLEGE: To jtonoranj 
Fellowships: General Sir Nigel 

BawHlL GOT. CVO. MC.’ Professor 
Wh Davies. CXL Professor KA Hlnflc. 
FRS: The 8hhop or London, the Rt git 
Rrv and Rt Hon GD Leonard: Dr PP 

Street en. _ _ 

The College has invited Ronald 
Harwood FRSL Co be vwar In 
Theatre tor Trinity Term 19 86. 
LEGE: to a Tutorial Fellowship in 
Law at Bamm cotiege and a Lecture- 
ship In Law al New roUege from 
January 1987. BJ Saaeton. BSc 
jvew South Wales;. PhD ( Adelaide i. 
LLB (Australian National University). 

Ejwinh; Mr* LA Ncwtyn. MA.D PtrtL 
Fe tow-heel of SI Edmund tan. tn 
English- from October 1. 1986 untH 
September 3a 1991. 


Arnold Ancient Historical EaavPrfee 
1986: Bankbn ThankL BBS CoOege 


John Grata 

P_PhB- | Oxi° , ^f , rfT 

Str George 


Sinclair. CMG. Obe. ma. _ _. 
honorary feUowgMp from March 12. 
QUEEN'S COLLECT: Howell Student 
in Theology, from October 1: 
ChrtwaixH M DuBsan. the Queen'S 


scholarship. .Catherine. X HntKel. 
formerly of Haywards Heath College 

Graham Gardiner. 

Professor of Electronic Ehgtneertng: 
Brenda CostaU. B Plum. mD. DSc. 
Professor of NeuroohajmacotoHy: 
Robert John Naylor. B Phann. 
Professor ot NeuronbamtarolpfDrcAn- 
thony Francis Johnson.. BSc PhD. 
Pro t e s tor or Polymer Science. 


Sr Hofei n Dayn-Sw: Dr .Jane Gtoyer 
(DMiBt MrTrederickL Harris (DUTO: 
Mr Ewan MacCoU (D unr. Mr John 

i modem languages!. College 
Xiao Xbo-Huj from Betting GntveraOy 
flntemattonal refaikntsL 

University lecturers _ 

MaUtemami GM Reed. BScJHS. PfeD 
lAubuml. F eUow-e l ect of St Edmund 
HaiL m conuejtatKm. from October 1. 
1986 unm_ September. 30. .1991 ; JW 
Saunders iBSe. Monash. PhD Austra- 
lian National University; FeUow elect 
of Lady Margaret Halil. In Oomouta- 
non. irom April l. 19B6 untH March 

Social studies' CL GUberi. MA. Fgoow 
of Wadham College, h Economics in 
the institute of twnarua and Statis- 
tics from October X. 1986 imffl the 
retiring age: P comer. MA. D PWL 
Fellow of K«ne College, in Ec o no mi cs 
in the Institute Of Economics and 
SUUstln. from October 1. 1986 until 

Mummer ttEDr. Mr Vivian A 
anh iDLitD: Mr Kenneth CH Roues 
o_LD>: Professor Sir David S nt t o i 
COSO. „ 


Honorary fellowships are to be 
awarded to the following: 

Mrs Justice Heilbron. Dr Ron- 
ald Hiii, Baroness Lockwood, 
Sir William Mather and Profes- 
sor Sir Frederick Warner. FRS. 



Senior lect ur er s: Dr JE Davies r chem- 
istry r Dr jb Salmon (classics and 

(history r. Dr 


Archetypal screen gangster 

James Cagney, one of tbe 
giants of the golden age of 
Hollywood Sms; died on. 
March 30 at his form in New 
York State. He was 86. 

An explosive performance 
in an early picture. The Public 
Enemy, led him to be associat- 
ed for ever after with gangster 
roles, of which he played 
many and which contained 
some of his most memorable 
moments. He became insepa- 
rable from the screeching 
tyres, the rattle of machine 
guns and the ritual slaqgbter 
on dark city streets. 

But though audiences inev- 
itably saw him as the arche- 
typal screen hoodlum, he did 
manage to escape the pails of 
type casting and proved just as 
adept a performer in come- 
dies, musicals and straight 
dramas. His favourite film - 
which won him his only Oscar 
- was not from the gangster 
genre .but Yankee Doodle Dan- 
dy, a biography of the song- 
writer and entertainer, George 
M. Cohan. 

Cagney was a short, stocky 
man of daemonic energy, who 
moved with a dancer’s grace 
and fired off his dialogue like, 
machine-gun bullets. His 
screen persona was a compel- 
ling mixture of arrogance, 
cruelty - his most famous act 
on the screen was pushing a 
grapefruit in Mae Clarice's face 
m The Public Enemy - and, 
not least, charm. More titan 
any gangster actor he posed 
problems for the censor, since 
it was so easy for the audience 
to take bis stde. 

He was a star in the tradi- 
tional Hollywood sense of a 
wefl-definec screen presence, 
essentially the same from film 
to film, with enormous popu- 
lar appeaL He was not a 
versatile actor, but within his 
limitations a very professional 
one. However poor the film, 
he rarely gave a dull or 
uninteresting performance. 
He was one of the few who lit 
up a cinema screen merely by 
being there. 

He was born in New York's 
Lower East Side on July 1, 
IS99, the son of an Irish 
saloon keeper. He attended 
Columbia University, but his 
father’s early death in the 1 918 
influenza epidemic forded him 
to abandon his studies and 
find work. 

He tried several jobs, in- 
cluding waiter, packer and 
Stock Exchange runner, before 
settling for showbusiness, 
starting as a female imperson- 
ator and chorus boy. 

With his wife, Frances, 
(whom he married in 1 922) be 
played in vaudeville and caba- 

He started to get parts in 
Broadway shows, and- it was 
one of these, as a murderer is 
Pennv ' Arcade with Joan 
Biondell, that led him into 
films. Warner Brothers bought 
tbe rights, made it as Sinners’ 
Holiday and gave Cagney his 
first screen role. 

The Public Enemy , his sixth 
film, appeared in 1931. Its plot 
followed the standard gangster 
formula of tbe poor boy born 
on the wrong side of the 
tracks, building an empire in 
bootleg bquor and getting his 
come-uppance from tbe rival 
mob. What lifted it was 
Cagney's portrayal, by turns 
appealing and appalling but 
stamped with star quality. 

Cagney stayed with Warner 
Brothers throughout, the 
1930s, specialising in the 
crime stories and other social 
melodramas which were the 
studio's trademark- Blonde 
Crazy, was followed by Taxi 
and The Crowd Roars, while 
in Lady Killer he inflicted a 
further indignity on Mae 
Clarke by dragging her across 
the floor by her hair. 

By the middle of the 1930s 
public opinion was beginning 
to turn against the 
glamourisatron of crime and 
Hollywood responded by try- 
ing to show the other side. In 
G-Men, though playing essen- 
tially the same sort of charac- 
ter, Cagney was for once on 
the side of the law. 

The conversion to legality 
was not sustained. In Angels 
With Dirty Faces Cagney and 
Pat O’Brien (a . favourite 
screen partner) played two 

boys who grow up together but 

then go different ways. 
O'Brien into tbe priesthood, 
into crime. 

Dawn 1 Die. a prison 

drama, teamed Cagney with 
another Warner Brothers 
gangster star, George Raft; 
and in The Roaring Twenties 
(1939), which virtually 
marked theendof the gangster 
cycle. Cagney played opposite 
Humphrey Bogart 

Back in 1933. Cagney had 
shows talent in another. dSnec- 
tion by raking ibe lead in one 
of the best musicals of the 
year. Football Parade, and two 
years later fe was a. splendid 
Bottom in Max Retnhardt’s A 
Midsummer. Night's Dream. 
After The Roaring Twenties 
fe made' ah effective excur- 
sion into period comedy with* 
Strawberry Blonde, wfaBe Trin- 
kee Doodle Dandy, made in 
1942 and shrewdly exploiting 
wartime patriotism, revealed 
Cagney’s ability as a song and 
dance man. . 

In 1942 he left. Washer 
Brothers and became one of 
the first Hollywood stars to set 
up bis own' production . com- 
pany with his brother, Wii- 
fam. Tbe venture was nm an 
overwhelming success, how- 
ever, and eventually he. re- 
turaed to Warncrsfor another, 
and possibly his best, gangster 
part, as the mother-fixated 
psychotic of WhiteHeaL. - 

During the 1950s Cagnet. 
tried a variety of. vehicle? 
without finding, a consistent 
mche. He was: m John Ford's 
xe-mafe of the First World 
War comedy,. What Pride 
GlotyP. a strong Western, Run 
For Coven playedL. auoiher 
comedy " rote for Ford T m 
Mister Roberts^ asrd, with 
virtuoso work by the make-up 
department, impersonated 
Lon Chaney in The Man cf a 
Thousand Faces. 

In 1957 he made his oh!y 
. film as adirectfe , Short Cut, to 
HeU. bared on the .Graham 
Greene novel, A Gun For Sale. 

Four years later he was the , 
Coca Cola executive in BiHy • 
Wilder's frenetic comedy. One 
Two Three i after the tlisap- 
pointments of previous fifes 
it was Cagney at his dynamic 
best He then. announced fas 
retirement. He was tempted 
by, and resisted, die rotefof 
Doofittiein MyFmrLady 

In 1981, to' considerable: 
surprise, he ndarhed fo the 
screen (with his oftf fiicwfcT*. 
O'Brien) to play the; canteo 
pan of the pobce commission- 
er in Ragtime. Mucb oTlfe 
film was shot in Britain and 
during their visit Cagney, and 
O’Brien made a popular ap- 
pearance in the Royal Variety 
Show before the Queen 

Though it 

Cagney continued his 
back - as an old boxer . in 
Terrible Joe Moran, a fflm.for 
Ameri can television, which 
was shown early in 1984.. J 

The Cagneys .had :; two 
adopted children, James ju- 
nior,- who died of a«he8rt 
ailment in January 1984, and 
a daughter, Carey, • •. - 


Fr James Walsh, SJ, who 
has died at tbe age of 66, was 
one of the best-known schol- 
ars of the English province of 
the Society of Jesus, and had 
published prolifically in his 
chosen field, 14th century 
English spirituality and its 
antecedent influences. 

Educated at Preston Catho- 
lic College and Oxford Uni- 
versity he was ordained in 
1952 and took a doctorate in 
ascetical and mystical theol- 
ogy atthe Gregorian Universi- 
ty m Rome. 

He served as assistant editor 
on The Month and in 1961 
founded The Way , a quarteriy 
journal devoted to spirituality 
which attracted a wide range 
of contributors and as inter- 
national readership- He edited 

Harry Rilz, who died in San 
Diego. California, on March 
29 atthe age of 78. was the fast 
and youngest of the Ritz 
Brothers comedy team. 

With his brothers Al and 
Jimmy, Harry Ritz ran a 
popular vaudeville act before 
the trio turned to films where 
they enjoyed a highly success- 
ful run in the Hollywood of 
the 1930s. 

Hairy Ritz was bora Harry 
Joachim, the son of immi- 
grant parents. He was the 
youngest of four brothers, 
three of whom took to show 

They began their career as 
precision dancers but gradual- 
ly evolved a zany stage act 
which combined frankly idi- 
otic and puerile humour with 

it until 1982. 

- He wrote prolifically; be- 
tides articles in learned jour- 
nals, he co-editcd with 
Edmund CoDedge A Book oj 
Showings to the Anchoress 
Julian of Norwich (1978), 
having previously produced 
an acclaimed translation of 
the Revelations in 1961. . 

Again with CoDedge he 
edited the Scala Claustralium 
(The Ladder of Monks’) by 
Guigo n. in 1970, an English 
version of this appearing in 

He also published an edi- 
tion of The Cloud of Unknow- 
ing with a learned 
introduction. Most recently in 
cooperation with his brother. 
Professor P. G. Walsh, he had 
produced a series of patristic 


complex dance routines. 

By 1929 this formula had. 
made them into top-billing 
vaudeville stars. But the day 
of vaudeville was pasting and 
it was while appearing al the 
Old Clover Club on 
Hollywood's Sunset Strip that 
they were spotted by Daryl 

Their first film was Sing 
Baby Sing (1936) a spoof of a 
drunken Shakespearean actor, 
and they followed it up with 
One in a Million in the 
following year, and over a 
dozen other popular titles. 

To films they brought tbe 
same brand of wanton insan- 
ity with which they had graced 
the stage- But as attempt to 
introduce something more 
akin to a Marx Brothers (with 

texts on tbe theme Dtvme 
Providence and Human 

At the time of his death he 
was working cm tbe definitve 
American edition of the letters 
of St Ignatius. 

His expertise in the history ^ 
of spirituality and his exten- 
sive Roman connexions ga ve 
him many other assign m en t s. 
He was Vice-Postufaior for the 
Cause of the Forty Martyrs 
who were duly canonised, md 
also for the Cause of Mother 
Cornelia Connolly. 

He was consulted by vari- 
ous religious orders of women 
in the reforms of their consti- 
tutions after Vatican U, and 
was in frequent demand as a 
lecturer abroad. 

whom they- were sometimes 
injudiciously compared) style 
of humour into their material 
was not enirdy successful in a%'. 
film such as The Three Muske- 
teers (1939). 

And . by 1943 with their 
Hollywood career- app e arin g 
to have peaked, tfeyjefrfflms 
to concentrate on dub dates. 
Thereafter they played Las 
Vegas and made some televi- 
sion specials in the 1950s. 

After ATs death in 1965 
Harry and Jim stayed briefly 
together and male a c ouple 
more fifrn appearances before 
breaking up their acL 

Jimmy Rkz died last ycar- 
The fourth frrother^Gcqrge, 
who went into; the Clothing 
business, is also dead, r ; 


For lh» corrupUM* imM pul on 
mromjBtlon. and Du, mortal 
must pul on imroormny 
I Gonnliuans 15. 55 

Births, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4a6m+ 1S% VAT 

i minimum 3 Lino) 
\nnouncrrncrm. authenticated b> the 
name and permanent address of ihc 
voder, mav he icni lcr 

the times 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

or tcJrpfamcd Ih* tekohone wbsaib- 
m onl>» i« 01-4S1 *024 
\DHi«iiccmcnb can he received b) 
telephone Imneen 4 .00am and 
5.3Dpin Monday lo Fnd>>. on Satui. 
da* between «>*Oni anti 12 noon. 
101*481 4000 Ont*). For pubbea- 
Hon ibe InllcHMnc <L>\ phone by 
WAGES, WEDDINGS, etc on Coun 
■inti Vxul Pap: £6 a On + 15% 

1 'ntn and Smijl Pajc annoijncr- 
*"in is can run be acceptedr bs 
tHcphnne Enquiries uv 01-022 
9953. vr stj io i PHwingfm 
Stmt, L o n don El 


nrm On March asm. at CticfcfMd 
HoipitaL to Laurence and Nick, a son 

COOK On seiti March io Garonne tttfe 
Gyet ana Rktiard. a soil wmas 
DavKL a brother Tor Edward. 

TRRMG On March 37th 1986 al Hos- 
pital de la Tour. Meyren. Geneva to 
Gillian uide Taylor; and QtffOFd a 
daughter Amelia jean, a sister for 


CASTEKBY On Good Friday. March 
28th. WQitam Guy Eastettar. aged 88 
years. Dearly loved hinhand of Betty 
and much loved father of Gm. Judy 
and Robin. Funeral service at SL 
Mary's Church. Ktrtby Lonadale on 
Tuesday April 1st at 2-OOpot. Family 
flowers only, but donaUans if desired 
to Kirk by Lonsdale Pare* Oundi 
Repair Found. 

RLSON Alexander Wamork (Andrew! 
on 29th March, peacefully after a 
short illness, beloved husband, father 
and Grandfather. Farrow funeraL no 
[towers, please. 

GHAKHfl On March iblh. at The Roy- 

01 Berks Hospital to Jenwfer frtee 
Jainesi and Sandy, a daughter Laura 
Hester Pe na. 

GUlllWDOD On March the 37th. to 
Kerry inee Barclay- Brown) and Pe- 
ter. a Son Nicholas Robert. 

1EQOC- On March 23rd. to Beth iiw 
aaiw and Fraser, a son Andrew 
lain Fraser, a brother for Benjamin. 

- On March 2«th 1086. at 
her home. Tarrant CimviUe: Diana, 
widow or me late william Richard. 
Funeral Service at Salisbury Crema- 
torium m Friday April Cto. at 22 
noon Flowers lo Cherretrs Funeral 
Directors. IO Market Place. 
BlandlortL Dorset 63295- 
HARDMG On 97th March 1986. 
peacefully al home In Topstaor after 
a short tOnesa. sir Harold John 
Boyer Harding. Private cremation M 
hu reouest. Donations if desired to 
Hosmcecare. Mowbray Cottage. 
Butts Road. Keavetree. Ebater EX2 

LOCWEMTKML Lends E on 27th March 
1986. after js tong Illness bravely 
fought. Beloved husband, rather, fa* 
ther ln-law and papa. Funeral at 
Lateral Jewish cemetery. Pound 
Lane. London NWIO on Tuesday 1st 
April at 2.00DRI. Dotations. U de- 
sired - to Canw Research. . . 

MARSHALL On March 26th. at Poole 
General HospftaL George very much 
loved husband of Ctare and daddy to 
Jemima and Jonathan. Funeral Ser- 
vice at SL Huberts. Corte Mutton. 
Dorses on Wednesday April 2nd at 
1 f 50am. Denations in (feu of flow- 
ers may be sent to Leukaemia 
Rese a rch, c/o F.W. Hows* A Sons. 
Funeral Directors, Ly mt n gton . 

MilTVIllE At a Nursing Home. Glas- 
gow on 28th March 1986. after a 
tong Ulness bravely borne. Margaret 
in her 92nd year. Most beloved wife 
of the late John McClure. CWef Engi- 
neer MN- and moot dearly loved 
mother of Pat and Marguerite. Re- 
outerti Mass at lO.OOam. Thursday 
3rd Ants tn SL Helens Church. 
Langude Avenue. Funeral Iberafler 
to Eaglesham Ce me te ry. 

MILLWOOD On 28Ui March 1986. 
peacefully at his home. Arthur 
Millwood OBL. J.P.. of pe tmwood. 
Longeron Drive. Bowdon. Cheshire. 
Ftmeraf service at the Manchester 
Crematorium an Wednesday 2nd 
April .al 2.00pm. 

MURPHY Doctor J. Eric or Northamp- 
ton. on the 23rd of March. 1986. 
after illness. The Funeral took place 
27Qi March. 1986. Family Rowers 
only. Donations to: British Heart 
Foundation. C/o Ann Bonham. SL 
GSes Street. Northampton. 

OURELB.- On March 2SU) at 9 Pe 
i*f» HosiittaL. Cbertsey. After a short 
atoms. Sidney- Oldfield MBE. 
C/ENG. MR AES. FSLAEP. am d 87. 
Husband of UUah OMfMd who died 
March 23rd 1986 at home. Father of 
Derek and Roger, grandfather of Sts- 
san. MKltaeL Jennifer. Pam and 
- Jfmmy. Great grandbOwr of Hwm- 
as. WUL James. Laura and Dennta. 
Sadly missed by all Ids fctodty-Cre- 
matton at Bracdcwood Crematorium.’ 
Wofctng on Thursday April 3rd at 
2.30pm. Fkrwers to p. Boast 36 
Eastworth Road. Chertsev. Sums', 
or donabooa to the Nurses Fuad at St 
Peters HaspttaL 

MNMET at 27m March, surtrfeniy tn 
hoepual. JusDna Alice, beloved wife 
of Jama Ptnoey. or Stone. Stoabrd- 
*Wre. mother of Anna and 
. Alexandra and a devoted Grand- 
mother. Ftmerai Friday 4th Anrir at* 
230pm In St Saviours Church, as- 
ttm-by -Stone. Family ; flowers only 
riease. GtRs tn her memory to the 
. Church Or England ChDdnms Soci- 
ety. Old Town Haa. Kenabigton 
Road. London. SX.11 4QD. 

MWM t Suddenly on March 26th. 
aged 73 nan. Alexander McLean. 
M.SE- of 14 Paris Ave. WaQscnd. 
Dearly beloved huband UJvmole. 
deariy loved faflwr of 1 st amt Penny 
and daugtaer-tn-iaw Anne, and a 
«nu*S> loved yandt aU ia . of Michaef 
arm Alexandra- Cremation at west 
Road Crematorium. NewcasOe-tmon- 
Tyn». on Wednesday 2nd April at 
l .4SgnL Ftowera may he sent to R. & 
Scott, sycamore SL. waUsena. 

STOKES On Good Friday 
•• 19B6. Mcfwtf Cosby tat* 

Loved by his (teugbseraSbra 
g gff pad f tesrui fhlMf f ti, ft 
husband of Dorothy 
nerM .sendee - Ad 
Thompson Church on 
4th af 12 Noon. ; . , 

March 1906.^1«rashort»wWA»- 
thony. btoband Of Wgarifj t a (ML 
Funeral 12 noosL40r ApeB.etiW*;. 
by Naylartd Church. TtoWSJL » 
Sb qSwr fa of. CntLhiihr 
WUETT On March aBIh. ptscdsW 
as horoe. aged 91. lyy ChrtsahefAd- 
etaue Tide WAlett 
HaylerX widow of 
wmetr CJLE, DX&; Roy A^toy. 

Much loeod hr her b*- 

(deceased). JM ■ WTsndBA^Jjd V 

Geusee. andby aB iMrfinfhrTMMP- 

ai Pri va te. Family Oowera « 

donations, if dedhatL’ to Hyj 

Of Friends of Havant War Mspjy 
Hoopttaf, as. Cross way. 

rasrgements for Mcnwria) to 

be announced. 1 



._ - A 
8th VfecounL 

4Ul A pril ,QL a-JOpPL 
OTTER The RL Rcvd 
A Memorial Service ■ 

WMfrasns. ■ Gramharo^O 
April 14th aL-^OOBTO.-.J'. ^ 

• IN memoriam Lv 

. - - PRIVATE . 


such Jove Jar Jits fmSf. 

-“Chestnut candito are-Kt^gwv 
An- then that 

'r'\ '■ r'-t _ ■' ' - . • •• ' .'■•'■ 




Many people seem to envy the man who runs a 
o 6 w^’ or withoiit the omnipresent GLC; 
Paul Gane of the Fortune Theatre suggests that 
the reality could be just a shade disillusibning . . . 

PnoTograpn ol Pai^ Saw by 000 UAer 


Another ^interesting week 
ahead, I teU myself as I ‘stroll 
purpose fuljyon the Monday 
morning from my . central 
London home toGovent Gar- 
den. There is ..nothing like 
being, -the .eternal, optimist; 
perhaps it was having heard 
on the Saturday night from 
■ my box-office; manageress that 
the house was firiL Running a 
modest ' West . End .'' theatre, 
lock, stock and beer barrels, 
would seem to {be the ambi- 
tion of many of iny. friends, or 
-so they tdi rne. little do they 
. know. . ..{. 

..-•The house froardsare out 
ready for business, indicating 
that thebox-office staff are at 
work. Indeed, three strangers 
already hover in the foyer, but 
past experience alerts me that 
- djey’are nqt potential theatre- 
goers: but -“waiting -for ' the 
manager”. ni pretend it's hot 
meC “These gentlemen am for 
. you** — a voice from the box- 
office. 1 promise to give them 
my. attention once .I have 
removed' my coat They, in 
him, promise lb be patient ' . 

r In iny office, four frights up 
on the roof . of my small 
domam, I have time to consult 
iny diary and remind myself 
that these gentlemen are from 
the Ministry. They have come 
to do the annual inspection of 
the premises.— two from the 
GLC and the other from the 
Fire Department I call my 
. master-carpenter. to= conduct 

./can be soppr^sed andw the 
. jihe ' of , promoting * public 

trclhriosoiis tflitt past were 

- stfso the subject of Mysteries oj 

’.Ftem (ChaflaieJ 4), the second: 

- of two dgemnentaries abbot 
vanished pre-Inca rirffiot 

; yti«8s- Their nwstery of eiigi- 
-heeriag terraced the 1 Andes 
“ and covered die country wfth a 
: ^>ast network of iir^atioii ca- 
" nals. Nevertheless, their civili- 
zations died oot 
5 - Pe^Spry^e^Wsdoat-. 
‘j meotary fft^fbhrs&Bedirfce 
"■’archaeoJogiad rebfedreh-: juBd 
concluded that Jhese 
died becniae u«ar g fen oi ncda l , 
skills were stffi no match for 
the freak floods awLvokanfc; 
bad movements which are 
<tS(fU characteristic of lowland 
* Peru. • V 

The programme then d$mr 
a enstrated that modem eag^ 

1 Peers have learnt nothing from 
“toils sfory derostafiori, and. 
'•-are still building tom .and 
roads in places vulnerable to 
» ^destruction by the same forces. 

' “-The lesson off " history was 
' bfing ignored because it was 
: the history of foe Iadiiirrace, 
—and therefore not considered 
: descended ruUog eGt(Ll ; ';- 


them round, haying given 
them a warm and Smiling 
greeting. Were they not here 
six monihsago? “Yes, but wr 
like to get ahead of ourselves.” 
Tbe phone rings. It is the box 
office. “There are three young 
-ladies here want to know 2 
there are any auditions." Hat 
was last' Friday, teQ them. 
“And while you're on the line; 
the ice-cream man can't find 
the key to the fridge, and the 
gas man is here to read the 

Let's look at the figures for 
last week. A marvellous Satur- 
day, a good Friday, a bit thin 
Monday, Tuesday and Wed- 
nesday. Anyway, the bars were 
busy. Another ring on tbe 
phone. The men arc here to 
dean the carpet, because they 
were informed someone- was 
sick in the stalls on Saturday 
night. Well, I did say the bar 
figures were good. 

.The post reminds me that 
. (be VAT returns are due, and 
the Inland Revenue want their 
monthly cheque. -Neither 
seems to care much whether I 
am is profit or loss, providing 
the former gets' 15 per cent of 
everything. and the latter gets 
what's, left A note from my 
.firont-ofhouse manager tells 
me that a man from another 
Ministry called on Saturday, 
unannounced, to . inform us 
that we must make certain 
alterations to our existing bar. 
He requires three sinks in- 


stead of two; it seems that two 
are not enough in which to 
wash your hands, and be 
wants plans submitted before 
we do anything- 1 had better 
give the man a call. He is out 
but he wflj call ' me back - 
want to bet? 

' My master-carpenter says 
that the two men from the 
other Ministry seem quite 
happy, with a few exceptions. 
They would like more signs up 
to say “Fire Exit”, but they 
never mentioned that last 
time. Yes, but they have 
mentioned it this time and 
would like more signs up. The 
fireman also says we need 
more signs giving fire instruc- 
tions, and they must be prop- 
erly framed and glazed. Right, 
anything eke? 

Yes, they saw we have a 
curtain which is not properly 
fireproofed when they tried to 
set light to it, that two of our 
seats are a bit loose, and that 
two of our doors do not dose 
properly. They have reminded 
us we need a ceiling certificate 
in three months’ time and a 
safety-curtain certificate in 
four months* time. No prob- 
lem with the emergency light- 
ing certificate which they 
received last week. The fire- 
man spotted some of our fire 
appliances need re-certificat- 
ing. Nothing problematical 
then? “No, but they want us to 
get in touch in a couple of 
weeks' time when we've done 

what they require.” The phone 
rings. The sewers cannot be 
blocked again — no, this time 
it is another man from the 
Ministry. “A man downstairs 
to look at the canopy.” I had 
better see him myself After 
aD, 1 have to climb these stairs, 
so why shouldn't he? 

“Good morning. It’s three 
years since your canopy was 
checked and certificate!*' He 
assures me that “it's not going 
anywhere” and that he will be 
contacting me. 1 recall one of 
his colleagues coming a few 
months back to look on the 
roof to see that the air- 
conditioning structure was not 
going anywhere either. On 
that occasion he sent me a bill 
for £20 for the privilege of re- 
certificating. and doubtless I 
shall get another bill for the 
privilege ofleaving my canopy 
in position. 

Now why were the times of 
our performances wroiraly 
stated in one of the classified 
ads last Friday? We must ask 

ouradvertisingagents. Do you 
mean to tell me that we have 
had the same classified ads in 
for tbe last nine months while 
this show has been running 
and that, every day of the 
week, these are freshly type-set 
because of union agreements? 
I know they do not often get it 
wrong but. in God's name, 
once they have got it right why 
do they keep trying their luck? 

The phone rings and it is the 
company manager — we have 
a problem tonight. One of the 
cast has pul his back out. so 
understudies must rehearse 
this afternoon. Could pro- 
grammes be “slipped” with 
their names? I’ll call the 
printer. The phone rings. The 
cleaner says there is a nasty 
smell in the Stalls Gents, but 
he has discovered what it is. 
Don't tell me. 

The afternoon meeting of 
the Society of West End 
Theatre is a quarterly affair. 
As I look around the distin- 


guished faces. 1 wonder if they, 
too. have been faced with the 
big decisions of this business 
— blocked sewers and pro- 
gramme printing. Surely not 
the top brass of the National 
Theatre companies whose pre- 
occupation is to increase their 
Arts Council grants. I wonder 
how it is possible perhaps to 
get in on the act for one of 
these grants. 1 mean, so far my 
taxes have been happily sup- 
porting them and improving 
the quality of their produc- 
tions to attract my customers. 
Still, we musn't be selfisn - 
after ail. it is good for the soul 
to work for the greater glory of 
this theatrical profession. 

I return in time to find rhe 
neon lights blinking and the 
first sign of activity of the 
leisure-going public. My secre- 
tary has accumulated a list of 
those who have called, and 
prepared numerous cheques 
for our suppliers, not forget- 
ting maintenance, electricity, 
gas. rates, telephones, salary 

lists, the Inland Revenue and. 
of course, the VAT man. 

There was one important 
call — a man from the GLC 
phoned about the Sunday 
concert for young people com- 
ing within their definiton of a 
“pop concert*', for which you 
require permission. They 
thank \ou for your letter of 
notification but remind you 
that your annual licence is for 
plays only, and this is outside 
the scope. No problem 
though, they arc sending a 
supplementary form — it's a 
formality but they need an 
additional fee of £ 1 50. Did 
you remind them that the so 
called “pop concert” is a 
celebration by their people to 
mark the end of the GLC? 
Yes. and they were not 

I reflect as I walk out into 
the darkening streets to ipake 
my wav home — what fun it is 
to be in the creative arts and 
not just doing a routine office 


rf:. V..:. 

A passionate interest in what man can create 


' 1 Concert 





A sfrmolean 

Roger de Grey ; 

New Art Centre. , . ;: I . 

Ra<mfai has declared that living with . 
art is as natural as the princes of the 
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries 
found it: the agent provocateur for 
contemporary art has turned his 
gallery into a cabinet of curiosities. 
Famous as the discoverer of Hockney 
and the promoter of American art, tbe 
dealer who wished to be a poet has 
opened up his personal visual library. 
The magpie's nest of cultures is not 
intended to be seen in competition 
, with the work be normally shows. 
Collectors like tbe Sainsburys have 
long proved that Polynesian, African 
and other tribal art can cohabit 
happily with the most recent painting 

• A Jockey, an aU-too-rare Degas 
in Impressionist Drawings 

and sculpture as they do in Kasmin' s 
home. Except for a small 17th-century 
still-life, Kasmin has temporarily for- 
gotlen about the graphic arts, so that 
the visitor to the exhibition is forced 
to realize that throughout his dealing 
career his motivation has been a 
passionate interest in what man can 

Kasmin's small show (until Satur- 
day) is the perfect complement to last 
year's Primiimm in 20th-Century Art 
at New York’s Museum of Modem 
Art. The American blockbuster em- 
ployed an academic sledge-hammer to 
connect modem and “primitive” art. 
whereas the varied collections at 
KnoedJer expand on the theme of 
cross-fertilization. They suggest that 
civilized man by definition has to be 
curious about all other cultures. There 
are many pieces that might well have 
graced the most sophisticated gran- 
dee's cabinet in particular a Nurem- 
berg lor Augsburg) 16th-century box 
inlaid with perspectival tricks. 

One leaves Kasmin's gallery, how- 
ever. not with a burning memory of 
any one object but with a vision of a 
man surrounded by art. Kasmin’s 
assortment of articles, often relatively 
cheap and sometimes broken, is 
patently a vital ingredient in his fife. 

Drawings used to be firmly within 
the preserve of the connoisseur, but in 

the last fifteen years there has been a 
dramatic change in attitude. The 
travelling show of Impressionist 
Drawings, now at the Ashmolcan 
(until April 20. then visiting Manches- 
ter and Glasgow), has already proved a 
crowd-puller. It is not a large show, 
being culled exclusively from British 
collections. It hides its arguments 
behind some sentimental work, for it 
is obviously designed to have a broad 
appeal. It maintains an all-embracing 
definition of Impressionism. Its re- 
stricted size and homely presentation 
vaguely echo Kasmin's declaration of 
war against museum art. 

Impressionist Drawings emphatical- 
ly denies that drawing is the negation 
of the spirit of Impressionism. The 
sheer diversity of technique and 
exploitation of media and the paper 
itself is the main evidence. The 
bountiful use of chalk and pastel 
attacks the traditional divide between 
pencil and the paintbrush. It is quite 
clear that this group of artists was 
searching for spontaneity in every 
medium it used. The organizers of the 
exhibition must have regretted that 
they could not go abroad to borrow the 
rest of the senes of pastels that Degas 
exhibited in 1886, because, not only 
would this have demonstrated his 
tireless pursuit of a theme, it would 
have pulled the exhibition together. 

They might too have been frustrated 
in that they only have four Seurats. 
Fortunately one of them. Study of a 
Standing Kudo Facing Left, shines 
forth with an ironically missionary 
zeal. Several years earlier than the two 
famous studies for La Grande Jane , it 
possesses greater ambiguity. The full 
body is teasingly suggested: the actual 
process of conjuring up her figure is 

A very different exhibition under- 
lines the shift in aesthetic priorities 
over the last few hundred years - 
Roger de Grey at The New Art Centre 
(until Saturday). The first President of 
the Royal Academy dominated the 
British art world in the second half of 
the eighteenth century. He was the 
leading figure in an organization that 
comained all the country’s major 
artists. Everything he did was news. 
The present President. Roger de Grey, 
currently has a small, unassuming 
show of peaceful compositions in 
reduced colours. His work represents 
an important undercurrent in British 
art and reflects his achievements as 
head of one of the most effective 
institutions at publicizing the arts. De 
Grey is battling quietly but steadily to 
reinstate the Academy as the mouth- 
piece for professional painters and 
mainstream art 

Alistair Hicks 


Sweetly enigmatic Gothic humours 



‘The jokes 
are stunning. 

Martin Amis has written 
a book that should rank 
with Lolita’ 

Davis : .. 

Festival Hall 

Violinists, in variably seem to 
warm to the playing of Oscar 
Shtimsky, so much so that his 
reputation is now as one of the 
great men of their instrument. 
As far as his positive projec- 
tion and the sweetness of his 
sound are concerned, that 
assessment is feir. Nevertbe- 
kss his performance of Elgar’s 
Violin Concerto with Andrew 
Davis and the Philbarraonia 
Orchestra, on Sunday night 
was something of an enigma. 

Partly it was a matter -of 
technique. Shumsky’s can be 
as sharp as -anyone's, and 
certainly was, for example, at 
the .beginning of the-' third 
i movement, where every note 
of the .fast arpeggios was hit 
dead in the centre- Elsewhere, 
though, things were not quite 
i so perfect, and more seriously 
there were timerwheii Shum- 
sky seemed to lose the thread 

of his overall, undeniably 
personal vision of the piece. 
This perfunctory air manifest- 
ed itself in subtle details like 
the pacing of a rubs to or the 
flavour of a portamento, both 
of which often suggested a 
theatrical outlook rather than 
a personal .one. ' 

Despite .the occasional 
slightly bemused reaction to 
one or other of Shumsky’s 
whims, the Phflhannonia pro- 
duced yet another full-blood- 
ed performance under Davis. 

The most substantial piece 
in the first half of this all-Elgar 
programme was tbe overture 
Froissart, offering a fine op- 
portunity, gladly Taken, for the 
orchestra to flex its muscles. 
Then came two ' vignettes, 
Sospiri and Chanson de mat- 
in. And then thesecond Wand 
Of Youth Suite, where verbal 
encouragement to applaud be- 
tween movements was needed 
from Davis in order to prise 
tbe audience from the grip of 
British Summer Time som- 

Stephen Peftitt 

McGrotty and 

Tron, Glasgow 

With nice timing, the first 
night of Alastair Gray's new 
play coincided with the re- 
launch of his novel The Fall of 
Kelvin Walker . Where the 
novel follows the fortunes of a 
blunt Scot, Kelvin Walker, as 
he scales the heights of the 
BBC by unconventional rou- 
tes, the play tells the tale of his 
compatriot Mungo McGrotty, 
as he makes his presence felt 
in the corridors of political 

Bunglings in Whitehall are 
clearly not altogether unfamil- 
iar comic territory - this lime, 
though, we visit them in the 
company of Gray’s Gothic 
sense of humour. What 
emerges is a thinly-stretched, 
-hit-and-miss, but often very 
fiinny send-up of political 
farce hung around the wildly 
improbable fantasy of the 
underdog making a very good 

ttii iiiL 


Bemazd Shaw’s Masterpiece 

thing indeed for himself. 

McGrotty is a junior clerk 
with a nasty tie and other 
unprepossessing qualities, 
who strikes his seniors as 
being unintelligent enough to 
be entrusted with the task of 
stealing a secret report — a 
document implicating every 
imaginable member of tbe 
Great and tbe Good with the 
exception of the unusually 
boring. Once in possession of 
it. McGrotty realizes that 
some have deviousness thrust 
upon them and proceeds to 
blackmail the Minister into 
making his spoilt daughter 
Ludmilla (played with horsey 
zeal by Julia St John) accessi- 
ble property. 

Originally intended for ra- 
dio. the play shifts rapidly 
through very brief scenes, 
sketching in characters who 
converse in ministerspeak and 
wonderfully muddled cliches. 
It is a limiting format, though 
Michael Boyd's production 
works hard at making a virtue 
Of it, beginning with Peter 
Ling’s set - an appropriately 
garish, immense revolving 
crown, with flat doors that 
make giddy visual farce out of 
the short scenes. The cast play 
the larger-than-life characters 
with tremendous relish, from 
Kevin McMonagk’s Mungo 
to Sandy Neilson's dithering 

Sarah Hemming 


Box Office & < f'J * 

Credit Cards HIM IV** S W AY * * [f 

01-928 2252 

Standby; any unsold 
seats at lew prices 
from 2 hours before 
performance. . 


Lvzreftor,: Tcnich: a: 7.45 & Tomer at .2.15 
7.45 Then Ac-iil S. iG. 13. lSfcrifes;' 
May 2. 3{rr'6r*») 1 9. ‘:5iTc&-e v ENDS. 

A rrr.nt 


English Watercolours 

Collecting Papier Nlachc 

Collectors' Books 

Porcelain Discoveries 
at Worcester 

April issue out nowi- 















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a jflr 

Royal palace 
that became 
a tourist trap 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 

Amid the mock Tudor of the 
wealthier south London sub- 
urbs, the genuine Tudor of 
Hampton Court Palace draws 
thousands of tourists to one of 
England's most gracefnl royal 

Associations with royalty 
begin with Edward, the Black 
Prince, who lived nearby, and 
continue to the present Queen. 

Although managed for the 
tourist trade by tbe Depart- 
ment of the Environment, 
Hampton Court is still a royal 
palace, rich in historic and 
literary associations- Henry 
VIII walked there with some 
of his wives and Charles II 
probably with many of his 

Harris, one of Jerome K. 
Jerome's Three Men In A 
Beat, became hopelessly and 
comically lost in its maze. Last 
year, die reception that 
marked the bicentenary of The 
Times was held there. 

The palace might- never 
have been a royal residence 
bad not Cardinal Wolscy, 

sensing his impending down- 
rail, made a gift of h to Henry 
VI n. Bat his generosity was 
not enough to save him, and 
Wolsey was executed oa 
Henry's orders five years 

The palace, with more than 
1,000 rooms and an mmsaally 
large number of bathrooms, 
has been in royal hands ever 
since — apart from tbe time 
when Cromwell lived there 

It was William of Orange 
who commissioaed Sir Chris- 
topher Wren to “beautify and 
add some new budding to that 

Wren's response was to 
design the flamboyant yet 
highly-disciplined wine, in- 
cluding the Cartoon Gallery 
built to house Raphael car- 
toons bought by Charles L 
that suffered all of tbe da m age 
in yesterday's fire. 

The cartoons were moved to 
tbe Victoria and Albert Muse- 
um more >|ian 100 years ago, 
and tbe tapestry copies which 
usually hang in tbe gallery 
have been moved for cleaning. 

Widow killed in fire 
at Hampton Court 

Continued from page 1 
three hours before it was 
detected, by which time it was 
well established. At the height 
of the blaze a huge pall of 
smoke could be seen two miles 

Firemen had contigency 
plans for tackling a fire at the 
palace, as for all state and 
government buildings, along 
with alarm systems and 
ground plans. 

The palace is fitted with fire 
alarms, which went off at 
5.30am. and there is fire- 
fighting equipment for use in 
“small incidents". But no 
sprinkler system was installed 
in case it went off accidentally 
and damaged furnishings and 

Tighr security on the gallery 
and state rooms meant that 
firemen had to smash iheir 
way in through barred and 
reinforced doors. 

Mr Snarey said: “Condi- 

Today’s events 

loyal engagements 
Toe Duke of Edinburgh re- 
opens the Guildhall after its 
refurbishment, Windsor, Berk- 
shire, 12. 

The Prince and Princess of 1 
Wales open Terminal 4 and the 
new underground between 
Hatton Cross and Terminal 4, 
Heathrow Airport, 1 1; and later 
attend a dinner dance given by 
the Austrian Ambassador and 
•Mrs Thomas at the Austrian 
Embassy, 18 Belgrave Sq, SW1, 
8 . 

New exhibitions 

Caribbean Eye, history and 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,008 

rhis puzzle was solved within 30 minutes by 39 per cent of the 
■om peri tors in this year's Glasgow regional final of the Collins Die- 
ionaries Times Crossword Championship. 


I Obtain cash for dress (3,5). 

S For tots a divine mouthful 

10 1 had a little house in the 
Rockies (5). 

11 Clerical worker conveys 
hush-hush material by a 
landline (9). 

12 Crude (not as supplied by 
OPEC (9k 

13 Joint in which top church- 
men may be seen (5). 

14 There’s no clear evidence^ 
anything being taken tons 

16 Gears an empty space at 
Spithead (6). 

19 Sign as member of famous 
family (6k 

21 Aims set out by French art- 
ist (7). 

23 Refuse the old king a pound 

25 Mickey-taker from Cornish 
village? (9). 

27 Make good list of records 
from Winnie's house (9). 

28 Guide for viewer going 
round square (5). 

29 They can be heard howling 
from Australian mounts (6). 

30 Treated to a coat when all’s 
said and done, maybe (8). 


1 Kind of football field that 
made a martyr of Lawrence 
( 8 ). 

2 Flunkey has to take notice — 
the consumer’s coming 

3 Worker leaves animal to 
boll (5). 

4 Gray’s prospect of Eton was 
so remote (7). 

6 Fancy yacht, perhaps, 
becoming an object of in- 
fatuation (5,4). 

7 Tony’s sale-room is lively 

8 Wages plot in hospital? 

(3 3T 

9 Moulding Canadian prov- 
ince would need Avon's pre- 
vious backing (6). 

15 Cover-up lost her new order 

17 Turns up record bowling 
spells (9). 

18 Gave in when (an on ice (8). 

28 Stranger able to hold his 

drink (6). 

21 Soppy girl left in college, I 
hear (7k 

22 Russian capital supplies sec- 
ond boat (6k 

24 Basket liable to give way (5k 

26 See a distressed daughter 
comforted (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,007 


The gaping hole in the roof of the south wing of Hampton Court Palace after the blaze; and below, the Queen and Princess Margaret inspect the damage. 

lions were extremely hazard- 
ous and difficult, but risks 
were taken. Firefighters were 
taking out everything they 
could which was portable, 

“Every room we entered 
was like going into a maze. 
The smoke was appallingly 
thick because of the enormous 
amount of timber, debris fall- 
ing all the time, and we 
couldn't hear or see anything 
much while the fire was 

Mr Graham Cowell, son of a 
Hampton Court staff superin- 
tendent. said: “My father and 
I were among the first people 
there. The smoke was really 
thick; it was choiring up our 

He was about to run into a 
room to help the salvage work 
and search for anyone left 
inside when a fireman pointed 
up at the roof arid gestured to 
back off Seconds later the roof 
fell in. 

people of tbe Caribbean from 
pre-European times; Common- 
wealth Institute, Kensington 
High St, W8; Mon to Sat 10 to 
5.30, Sun 2 to 5 (permanent^ 

SUkscreevs by Brian 
Grimwood Tbe Garden Gal-. 
Ictv. Monsoon Rd, SE14; Tue* 
to Sat 10.30 to 4 JO, Sim 1 to 4 
(ends April 20k 

Drawings and paintings by 
Ludwig Paul Bauer and William 
Finch; Tonbridge Wells Ait 
Gallery, Civic Centre; Mon to 
Fri 10 to 5.30, Sat 9J0 to 5 (ends 
April 14) 

M6S Country, photographic 
study of the motorway in Lan- 
cashire; Mid-Pennine Arts 
Association, 2 Haramerton St,. 

?k , • . 

tW . 


• '\rs 


Bonder; Mon to Fri 9 to 5 (ends 
April 25) 

Paintings by Susan Furig-On 
Ho; Eric North Room. 
Ashraolean Museum, Oxford; 
Tues to Sat, 10 to 4, Sun 2 to 4 
(ends April 30 1986). 

Last chance to see 

Watercolours and drawings 
depicting the Borough of Green- 
wich from 1760s by Howard 
Silverman; Woodlands Art Gal- 
lery, 90 Mycenae Rd, SE3; 10 to 

Shipwreck — the story of two" 
survivors from the SS Luhvortfa 
Hill torpedoed during Second 
World War, Imperial War Mu-, 
scum. Lambeth Rd, SE1; 10 to' 


Recital by Penelope Wayne 
(violin) and Katbron Stunock 
(piano); St MartuMn-the-Fields, 
Trafalgar Square, WC2. 1.05. 

Concert of The Snowman by 
Sinfonia of London; 3. 

Concert by the Gty of London 
Sinfonia, works by Bach, Mo- 
zart and Vivaldi; Barbican Hall, 
EC2, 7.45. 

Recital of Indian classical 
music by Baluji and Company; 
Royal Festival Hall Foyer, 
South Bank, SE1, 1230. 

Concert by the London Oboe 
Bank; Wigmore Hall. 36 
Wigraore St, W 1, 7 JO. 

Piano recital by Howard Shel- 
ley. works by Haydn and Schu- 
mann; Bishopsgate Hall, EC2, 

I. 05. 

Talks, lectures and films 

History of Nothing, film by 
sculptor Eduardo Paolozzi; Mu- 
seum of Mankind. 6 Burlington 
Gardens, Wl, 1.30. 

Francis Bacon, video: Lecture 
Room, 10 JO, Joseph Beuys and 
Yves Klein, From Matter to 
Spirit by Gray Watson; Frank 
Auerbach and Bacon. Grand 
Palais and Henry Moore, l think 
in shapes, films; Tate Gallery, 
SW1, 1. 

The Clash of the Titans, film: 
British- Museum, Great Russell 
St. WC1, 2.30. 

Family session on Amazo- 
nian Indians; Museum of Man- 
kind. Burlington Gardens; Wl. 

II. 12. 2 and 3. 

Gardening for Wildlife by 
Robin Robbins; Station House, 
Stapleton Hall Road, N4. 7.30. 

Magical Mythtery tour for 
children; The National Gallery, 
Trafalgar Sq. WC2, 11.30. 

Island Life by Joyce Pope; 
Natural History Museum, 
Cromwell Rd, SW7, 3. 

One Power Alone: The Life 
and Poetry of William Blake. 
film; Tbe British Library, Great 
Russell St, WC1, 11. 

The pound 

Bsik Bark 

Buys Sans 

Australia* 2.17 2-05 

Austria Sell 24-85 23.75 

ItUnFr 74.UI 7030 

Canada! 2.145 20*5 

Danmark Kr 13.17 1247 

Attend HU 015 7.65 

FraneeFr «!L9S 1040 

Ger man y Dm 057 339 

Greece Dr 23000 21000 

Hong Kong S 11 JO 11.40 

Intend Pt 1.1S 1.13 

Italy Lira 242S-00 2305-00 

‘ Yen 277-00 2S3JJ0 

GW 401 302 

... . Kr 11.15 W20 

Portugal Esc 22900 21900 

Souili Africa Rd 300 3.10 

Spain Pie 22X00 21100 

Sweden Kr 1107 10.72 

Switzerland Ft 209 204 

USAS 1042 1072 

Yugoslavia Dpt 54QOO 49000 

Rales lor sroafl denorntnabori bank notes 
owy as suppHed by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rales apply to travellers' 
c heques end other foreign currency 

Retod Price Index: 391.1 

London: Tbe FT index closed up SlS on 

Thmtayat 13000 . 

Top Films 

Tbe top to w fflw tons in Lon- 

Out of Africa 


Young Sherlock Holmes - 
7) Back to the ftrtura 
4 Retren of the Living Dead 
10( 6) A Chorus Line 
Tbe top nmsm the provinces: 

1 Out of Africa 

2 Com man do 

3 Rocky IV 

4 Young Sherlock Holmes 

5 A Chorus Line 

Best wine 

In a blind tasting of 19 wines 
from the Cotes de Buzet, an 
expert panel judged one wine 

Grefie Napoleon 1983, Les 
Vjgnerons Remus des Cfites de 
Buzet. Safeway stores and 
brandies of Arthur Rac kham , 

Source: Decanter, March 1986. 


Births: William Harvey, phy- 
sician and discoverer of the 
circulation of the blood, Folke- 
stone. 1578; Otto von Bismarck, 
first Chancellor of tbe German 
empire 1871-90, ScbGnhauser, 
18 15; Sir Trmby King, pioneer of 
moihercraft. New Plymouth, 
New Zealand, 1858; Faroem 
Busoni, musician, Empoti, Italy, 

Deaths: Ferene Molnar, play- 
wright, New York, 1952; Max 
Ernst, painter and sculptor, 
Paris, 1976. 

The Royal Air Force was 
formed, 1918. 


London nod Bw Soott Ext A2218:| 
Sorehand Lara. Lower Syderttan, c 
for rsitekv w ndhny bridgs. dbnrslom via 
C* rforri and Bockenham. A41: Contraflow 1 
afl E 


benman Rush Green and II— ay Inter- 1 
(tongas. Hoddasdon bypass. I 

Tbe iSsSsadn: MS; Luna do w n s on I 
both carriageways between Junction 31 

(M56B ^i ln g bamWBndftal e& 0'ee n) gndl 
4 (Bromsgrove). MS: Co ntr a fl ow between! 
junction 3 (A444 Coventry) and 4 (M42l 
BPmngharn El AS Temporary traffld 
fights between Teflon! and Miction 12 of I 
to M6 st Weston under Lizard. 

Walsn and ten Weet: A3S Roadwafts 
and lane doaurea N Of Ashburton to 
Ptymoutfi Rd at Ashburton lain. A4W: 
Lane cknuea duo to roadworks Swindon 
to 8 Camay Rd. Gloucestershire. AS 
Temporary baffle Bates bom Batws-y- 
coed to pawn Ho ah^raMMraMra 

at P-artrefoetas. 

IB North: MS Lancasters, repairs 
between junctions 31 and 32, taw 
doaums and stogie line traffic. MBS Major 
widening a c to tnebatweanjuncMonal and 
3. Barton Bridge, work wfl progess to 
(unction 7 over bw next three years. ASK 


at Rice Lane. Lhmrpod, <hm 
of gas mates. 

Mk Surface and rMnega 
rapaks W of junction 5. aastbound 
camageway dosed. two-way traffic west- 
bound M74: Inside lane closures on N and 
southbound cantageways between Juno- 
ttons S and 6- Am Construction or dual 
carriageway at Great Northern Rd, Aber- 
deen, width restrictions. 

tetoroadon suppled by Sw AA 

Boost for music 

The Arts CounciL to help 
increase support for small-scale 
music, is offering project awards 
for groups of up to 10 mus i c i a ns 
performing early, classical, 
contemporary music or jazz. 

Suitable projects might in- 
clude the development of new or 
unusual repertoire with plans 
for its performance and market- 
ing and might take the form ofa 

from Ken _ 

Music Director. Arte Council. 105. 
Piccadilly. London Wiv oau. t«uh 
phone 01-629 9S9S ext 385/306. Tbe 
daring date Is May a. 

Times Portfolio rules are as follows: 

1 Times Portfolio is nee. Purchase 
or Tbe Times is not a condition of 
taking part 

2 Times Portfolio Hsl lym pr ia e a a 
group or puMK ^camnanjes whose 
shares are IMrd on The Stock 
Exchange and oinM m The Times 
Slock Exchange prices page. The 
companies comprising Hal ad win 
change from day to my, Tbe Ittt u 
divided into i low groans of 1 ten mtb 
ti-io. 11-20. 21-30 and 31-001 and 
every Portfolio cam contains two 
numbers from eacn group. 

3 Times Portfolio "dividend- wlU be 
the figure in pence wtdeb repmanis 
the optimum movanenl In prices U-«- 
tairgesl Increase or lowesl loss) of a 
comMnauon of eight imo from each 
group] of Use JOtiano winch oa any 
day. comprise The Times Portfolio 

a Tbe dally dividend win .be 
announced each day and the w e ek ly 

dividend win be announc e d each 

Saturday In The Times. 

E Times Portfolio bst sndMIbri 
the dally or weekly dividend will ABO 
be available tar IranecUon at the 
offices at Tbe Ttmes. 

6 If the overall price movement at 
more man one combination or shares 
(grab me dtvfctend. Uie prise win be 
eoualty divided among use rtalmanti 
holding those romtenaefgas of shares. 

Card that is defaced, tampered with or 
Incorrectly printed In any way win be 
declared void. 

8 Em pl oye es of News international 

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uroprlnt Croup Limited (producers 
and tnambtiton of the carol or 
member, of utter Immediate famfUes 
are not allowed to play Times 

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these Rides. All Instructfona on “how 
to play" and "how to claim'* whether 
published In The times or in Times 
Portfolio cards will be ik-eineri to be 
part of these Rules. 

lO In any dispute. Tbe Editor's 
decteton to ratal and no correspon- 
dence will be entered buo. 

It If tar any reason Tbe Times 
Prices Page is not published in me 
normal way Ttmes Pa mono will be 
suspended far (fiat day. 

Hew to play - Drily D Uk la n d 
On each day your unkroo set O# e»M 
numbers will represent commercial 

on the Slock Exchange Prices page. 

In Ibe columns provided nod to 
your shares note tee price change 
or -1 hi pence, as pubuabed to teal 
day's Times. 

After listing the price changes or 
your tight shares lor teal day. add tv 
aa efgM share changes to to* sw 
your overall total ptu, or minus 1 + or - 


Check your overall total apteral The 
Times PonfoUo dividend ptaUhod on 
the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

If your overall total matches Tbe 
Ttmes Portfolio dividend you have 
won outright or a shore of the 
Prize money stated ter teal day 
mud claim your prize . 

Monday Saturday reran! yoi 
Portfolio local. 

Add these togethe r to dt 
your we e kly Portfolio total. 

If your total matches tee i 
i tftvldend figure you T 
flora snare or tee r - ' 

tor teal week, and 

your prize as instructed bdow. 

jJPWI ss— 

O k tew l 


If you .are unable to telephone 
wmeone elae on ctaon on your brimll 

between tee shpulaled ttmes. 

No reaponribony can be 

for failure to contact tee claims 
any reason within 

for an 

The above . 

HtcaMe to bote daily and 
dividend claims. 


. • Some Times Portfolio carte 
Include minor iMsnrtaa bi tee tnstruc- 
' le. These cards 


. •The woidlngof Rules 2 and S has 
been exnauded non earlier versions 
for cbriUcaUan paraoses. The Game 
Itself is not affecled and win continue 
to be played In exactly the same \ 



An unstable W to NW 
airstream covers most of 
Britain, while a small 
depression ,to the N of 
Irdand is esqiected to 
swing eastwards across S 
Scotland during the day. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S, E En- 
gland, East AngRa, Hkfiarids (Ek 
Sunny start, scattered showers 
devanping hi afternoon: wind W 
moderate; max temp IOC (50F). 

Mkfands (W), cnAtf N, ME 
England, Bondar s ; Surety start, 
showers soon developing, some 
heavy, snow In places; wind W 
moderate; max, temp 9C (48F). 

Channel Mraida, SW Engtaod, S 

Wales; Sunny intervals and show- 
ers; wind SW Bght 


■ Likfifrinit 

■ Oigw™, 

f Man, SwSa 

_ NW 

moderate; maxi 
N Wales, NW _ 

District, Isie of Mmt, 6W ScoBhuL 
Atgyft, N Inland; Rather cfcxidy wMi 
showers, some heavy and pro- 
longed, snow In daces; wind vari- 
able Bght becommg NW moderate; 
max temp 8C (48FJ. 

' ndee, Ab erde en, 
HightendK Suviy 
.. Isolated showers; wind 
varidite Idit; max temp 7C (45F). 

Moray FWh, NE, NW Scodaad, 
Orkney, Shetimd: Sunny intervals, 
.scattered showers, snow on hells; 
wind N or NW moderate, occa- 
sionany -fresh; max temp 7C (W). 

Outlook far tomorrow and thirs- 
day: Scattered showers and sonny 
intervals to aH <Sstricts tomorrow. 
Showers dying out in N and W on 
'Thursday. Rather cold with night 

Shaft of Dover, EngBsh Channel 
(EJr Wind W or SW force 5 to 7; 
showers; vistenty good; sea rough. 
St George's Channel; Wind W or 
SW force 6 to 7; showers; visisHty 
good; sea rough, frteh Seac Wind S 
or SW force 6 to 7; showers; 
visfisSty good: sea rough. 

High Tides 

Wfne sky: bobiue 
ctoudy: oovatajc mUf 
fcsa fn-mfsc nrin; 
tenuoa stoua: p a bay 
Arrows anew, md ■ 
HU ctrttotr 

3.7 5.17 
43 337 

7.7 1137 

ft4 4.45 
43 537 
53 - 

30 1132 
43 1029 

43 5.11 
5J3 438 
43 437 
M ^ - 
43 943 
43 . 5.13 











43 C 




Around Britain 

Sue tew. SmSgtSE 

837 am 733pm 

a MooRifus Moon sots 
322am 938am ■ 

Last quarter 830 pm 

Lighting-up time 

Lamm 638 pm to 835 am 
Bristol 8.13 pm io ai4 am 
EdMmtfi 820 pm to &12 am 
w8.14 pm to S.11 an 
824 pm to 827 am 


nturas at nftMsy ymanfry: e. 

t. Ir; i. nkK s. sun. 

C F C F 

r 541 Ou s m ssy r 848 

t -043 te ran rara r 337 

r 541 Amy r 848 

e 643 London f 848 

I 643 mraetMtor c 337 

s 745 H s u cartl s d 238 

b 745 ITMdswayr ( 541 

Sun Rain 
brs to 

Scsrim 13 31 

44 34 
24 .17 
- X 

Clacton 43 .09 

■toasts X 39 


5.8 43 
5 J .44 
63 43 
43 46 
5.1 37 
53 41 
33 .40 

45 .37 
53 37 
83 33 
72 24 
72 21 
72 32 
53 28 

82 34 
80 21 
88 30 

Ctonitw 5.7 24 

83 47 
52 20 


C F 

45 DUD 
45 Showers 
48 Bright 


Son Ram Max 
bra In C F 
4.7 .14 g 48 

9 48 Showers 
11 52 Shrspm. 

10 50 Thun on 
9 43 77m ipm 
8 46 Hal pm 

7 45 Thuipm 

8 46 ‘ ” 


81 .17 7 46 
23 38 6 43 



Hal pm 
Bright . 

11 52. Has pm 

?? § KS” 

9 48 Won 
9 48 Bright. 
9 48 Surety , 
9 48 Surety 
10 50 Shrsam 

10 50 Surety 

11 52 Sumy 
1© GO Hafi 
10 50 Sunny. 

10 SO Sonny 

11 52 Sunny 

London 33 32 10 50 TTXinpm 
BTmMrpt. 83 39 &« ' 

Bristol fCtfii 7.7 38 3 46 

canaatfceq 93 38 8 46 

Afigl—py 81 33 9 48 

B-poolAkpt X 

M knchaa to r . 23 31 5 41 

NotUng hai ■ 43 36 8 43 

WotHFTim 1A.11 8 48 

MI am 
Hal am 









ht . m 


Laedan Bridge 


63 721 




33 724 








32 435 






1 5; 

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4.6 11.16 


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■ EaUatonrir 33 .TO -7 45 
-Itogtnkk - S3 39 7 4S 
■Gtugow 93 - 10 50 

Than . - ■ 82 7 45 

Sto rnoway 93 - 7 45 

Lemfcfc ■ 35 32 6~43 

Wta* 117 31 7 45 

.Kkriosa 63 32 T..4S 
Ahaadagn SA 33 8 48 

X Andrma 

Ed itoqfe 73 - S..48 


24. .16. # 43 








Sira am 


Hal pm 




YgaaeRtay: Tetrsr max 8 amto 8 pm, 1 0G 
“ mm 6 jxn to 8 am,6C i 

1 8 pm. 54 per cam. Rare » _ 

6 pm. 0.02 m Sure 24 hr to 6 pm. 53 hr 
Bar. mean sea towl, 8 pm, 9993 
mnbars, rising 
1.000 mHbara»293am. 

1Y.-C.d0ud; CL drizzto; f. fain Igu lospr, rain; s, auri: sn.snw; wfiamdar. 

:-C F 
S -16 81 

» | 

» 13 £ 
r 5i w 

c 3 1 ® 

Highest and lowest 


day temp: Newquay 

and Poole 11C (S2F) ; lowest day maic 
Aviemore 5C |4in ; - ■ -- 

CuUrose 0.71ln; ' 


sunshine IMck 


1486- Printed by London Mat CPrini- 





C F C F 

B 17 63 Cologne c 10 SO Mtorerar 
a W 66 Crptagn e 3.37. “Tjaiia- 
c 15SS"*g- S 20 68 ESto 
8 21 70 Dubfin r 6 43 MU rtw a 

r 5 41 Dutow* 8 15 5fi MgatooC 

a 19 66 Tan a 18 84 ’ 

S 27 81 Ftoraacn c 18 SA 

f 28 82 Frankfurt . r 10 SO 

lenehel c 17 63 

Geneva c 11 52 

S 17 33 CSbnttmc s -18 66NrtraH 
r 7 48 HataMd c 2 38 Ktotoa 
c 22 72 DomK C 17-38 n 32 
a 17 63 to n itr efc t 14 57 HYoriT 

0 8 46 la t a ab u l I 11 52 Nee 
e 12 54 Jeddah s 31 88 (Me 

1 10 50 Jo'bum* a 25 77 Pads 

s 29 84 PfMng 

I SO 86 LMmi e 20 68 PeS 
1 S 72 Uabon » 15 59 Prague 
* 22 72 Locarno » 16 61 ReykMt 
« X! g I J MW Mfr a c 9 48 ffeodae 
a 24 75 CAagato 1 I 19 68 Riyadh 
f M 57 todAr f 14 57 RtodeJ 
■ denotes Sonday^s flpwes are 


* 19 68 
S 19 68 
f 17 63 

* 18 64 
I 22 72 


a 17 63 


1 17 03 
a 27 81 

* 25 

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Sf 1 34 
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:- m< * 

J^iiwiy Jus- given new 

newrt to the' optimistic 
economists who 

|»st over 1661a January to 174 
ffl Deoember. Yet fob was a 
ycarof sub-staadard economic 

ItfVfi milJi nro 

per cent m the fourth quarter 
whiciv according, toconseBsng 
thinking, should have repre- 
sented the climax of a strong 
second ML NoAng of the 
sorfrocrtirred. • > 

The index of leading fodkft- 
foreshowed a . revised Bo- 
rn January, : 1986, 
compared wi& to Initial re- 
port of a 0.6 per cent decline. 
Now we have the 6.7 per cent 

We already know a gn 
deal about what happened m 
February. There was wide- 
spread evidence of deflation 
including: • 

•" A foil of &4 .per cat in 
conspaser prices _ V 

• May erode oil 
reached their lowest point for 
.years - $1L44 a barrel 

Durable goods orders fell 
&? 0.5 per ceHt to a level little 
.^ different from foe revised De- 
■■**2; amber level . ! • - ' T ' 


• Retail sales slipped by 0.1 
per 1 cent after a revised foil 
0.2 per cent in January . ; 




• Industrial production foR 
U per cent after a foil of 

0.7 per cent in January. 

• And, whDe-nmdi has been 
made of the foil in the trade 
deficit in Fefaiwy to $125 
tiOion from a revised $144 
billion in. .January, the com- 
bined Jfinary-February bade 

-deficit was 3£per ertff greater 
than the/ aonpanble 1985 

v- J Y 


; For/, tore 


consensus about foe growth 
prospects for the .US economy 
a 1986. 

Recent data frto the .St 
Louis Fed coofinns foe iro- 

pressionof a snbstairtial slow- 
down in the rafeef growth of 


Even if foe consensus fore- 
cast of a snree if growth were 
to materialize, there is no 
reason to befieve . that foe 
decline fan interest rates would 

Mr Albert Cos, senior eco- 
nomic adviser to BIL Manage- 
ment and former chief 
economist at Merrill 
pointed ont last week: 
spite foe big drops recorded 
since 1981, interest rates still 
have a lot of catching up to do. 

“They do, that Is, if foe 
historical spread between in- 
terest rates and toflatioa 
(about three percentage 
points) is going to be restored. 
In view of the durability of that 
relationship, over hundreds of 
years worldwide, there is every 
reason to believe that the 
spread will prevafl. _ 

“Of coarse, interest rates 
have been moving closer to 
fetation ever several years. 
But if inflation for the rest of 
the 80s settles down in some- 
thing aronad 1 or 2 per cent or 
even 3 per cent, prime interest 
rates should average 4 to 6 per 
cent, well below where they are 


Such rate levels might not 
be seen this year, -but A is 
likely that there wfll be fortmar 
progress in that direction- 

MaxweB Newton 

to lift world 
economy Substantially’ 

. . The workl, economy is likely 
^receive a substantial boost 
from the 60per cent sBde in 
.oil. pricey since late. last year, 
according trf research by 'foe 

Organization for Economic 
Cooperation and Develop- 
ment •. 

The Paris-based organiza- 
tion is carrying out a series of 
s i m u lati ons on' the impact of 
lower oil prices, to be pub- 
lished in June. 

Economists at the OECD 
believe that its earlier conclu- 
sions about oflprice effects on 
the world economy stfll hold. 
These are that , other things 
being equal, every. 10 per cent 
foil m the world oil price 
pushes up gross national prod- 
uct in the industrialized coun- 
tries by 0.25 per cent, after 
about one year, and pushes 
down-nbe general level of 
prices in the industrialized 
countries by 0.?5 per cent . . 

On this basis, OECD gross 
national product would be 
poshed up by 1 5 per cent and 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

However, , foe speed of foe 
oil price fall and foe feet that 
other .things have not been 
equal, can.change these effects 
considerably. The main chan- 
ge has-been the performance 
of the dollar, which has been 
following foe oil price down. 

A felling dollar means that, 
in local currency teems, foe 
effective fell in oil prices is 
even more pronounced than 

foe drop; in world prices. The 

dollar has fellen by 25 per cent 
‘ last aulu: 

on average since last autumn, 
converting a 60 per cent fell in 
foe dollar price to a 70 per cent 
decline, in local currency 
terms, far countries other than 
the United States. 

Britain has not benefited 
much from this, the pound's 
value against foe dollar is only 

slightly above its level before 
oil prices 

the other 

to tumble. But 
countries, and 

‘$5 a barrel’ warning 

Abu Dhabi (AP-Dow Jones) 
— The United Arab Emirates 
ofl minister. Dr Mana Saeed 
al Otaiba, gave a warning 

forces reduced per cent 

by the oil price- 1 

ip to S5 a barrel in the 
absence of cooperation among 
ofl producers 

. Ob' Otaiba said that foe 
April 15 Opec conference in 
Genera should be postponed 
unless advance contacts 

S ail OH producers gnar- 
if would be successful 
in stabifizing foe world oil 

He said: “With the confer- 
ence only two weeks away I do 
not see any worthwhile efforts 
or contacts among foe Opec 
members and non-members 
Dr Otaiba affirmed the 
importance of cooperation 
from the prodacers outside the 
■cartel, mentioning Britain and 
Norway in particular. He re- 
gretted the British Govern- 
ment’s inability to co-operate 
with Opec because of its 
political and legal artura- 
stances, hot said Norway had 
no excase not to cooperate. 

Japan, are foe main benefic- 

.Some countries have intro 
duced higher oil taxes in 
mean months. Bui final con- 
sumers still receive foe bulk of 
the oil price drop. Similarly, 
by foe time oil prices started to 
fell, annual wage negotiations 
in some OECD countries were 
nearly complete. 

However, as long as this 
implies a delay, rather than 
complete loss of the inflation- 
ary benefits of lower ofl prices, 
this is not a serious problem. 

But there could be serious 
consequences if the oil price 
was to fell much further. The 
.OECD, in its December Eco- 
nomic Outlook, listed four. 

These were foe risk to the 
banking system if eneigy- 
relaied loans become less via- 
ble; deterioration in foe 
position of heavily indebted 
oil producers; disruption to 
energy production in industri- 
alized countries as production 
becomes unprofitable; and the 
widespread cancellation of en- 
ergy investment. 


By Our Economies Correspondent 

The Qiancellor .wiD not be 
able-to reduce the baric rate of 
income tax to 25p in foe 
pound before tire next General 
Election, DRI Europe, foe 
economic forecaster, says in a 
report pubtishedtoray.V 
Tbe report says, hopes for a 
25p. basic rate, revealed in foe 
Budget speech a fortnight ago, 
are based on over-optimistic 
economic assumptions! - - 
DRI says the Treasury ex-/ 
pedsa9.4per cent increase on . 
income from foe spending 
taxes such as VAT and excise 
duties. r*. v /- 

This is based - on' strong 
in consumers' expen- • 
— up 4 per, cent in real ' 
teems — ond a further shift in 
spending towards taxed items. 
Without such a shift, growth * 
in expenditure tax receipts, 
would be just 7.75-per cent 
il.pRl tatesissue .with the 

Treasury both on foe strength 
of projected mending and foe 
likelihood of further big shifts 
in spending patterns. The 
result is tlud foe expenditure 
taxes could be £4 billion less 
than the Chancellor assumes. 

After allowing for other 
receipts, on which DRI is 
sEghlty more optimistic than 
the Treasury, the net effect is 
to leave Mr Lawson £2 billion 
short of tax revenues in 1986- 
87. This is the amount set 
aside fbrtax cuts in foe Budget 
in a year's time. 

The forecasters think that 
foe £4.S bfllion reserve will be 
sufficient to allow the .Govern- 
ment to stay wifoin rts public 
Spending target for 1986-87, 
but that* the. target will be 
exceeded in 1987-88. ' . 

" - The net result of the DRI 
projections is that foe Chan- 

cellor will be able to cut taxes 
substantially only if he allows 
borrowing to rise above the 
targets contained in the medi- 
um-term financial strategy. 

A further lp in the pound 
could be cut from the basic 
rate of income tax in foe next 
Budget, but only if Mr Lawson 
allows public sector borrowing 
to rise to £8 billion iu 1987-88, 
from the currently projected 
£7 billion. 

The last possible pre-elec- 
tion Budget is in March 1988. 
But the forecasters say that 
achieving foe 25p in foe 
pound income tax pledge in 
that Budget would be possible 
only through another big ac- 
celeration of foe privatization 

The DRI forecasts that un- 
employment will fell below 3 
minion next year and to 
around 29 million in 1988. * 

Offer for 

stay open 

ByJodith Huntley 

The bitter and acrimonious 
battle for control of Imperial 
Group takes a . step forward 
today as Hanson Triisf s £25 
billion offer is due to close. 
The City is expecting Lord 
aoscra to extend hisoffef to 
coincide with that of foe rival 
bidder,- United Biscuits, 
whose final dosing date is 
April 11. Hanson Trust could 
allow its bid to run until April 
29. ■ • . 

Meanwhile, the advertising 
war between Hanson and 
United is being maintained in 
foe newspapers. Hanson Trust 
told Imperial shareholders 
over the Easter weekend that 
its best and final .offer' was 
worth 26.6p a share more than 
thatofitsnvaL The difference 
in foe value of the offers will 
be determined by the market 
in foe next week or two. 

Hanson’s share and con- 
vertible offer is worth 369p a 
share against United Biscuit* s 
3424p bid, which is backed by 
the Imperial board. Imperial’s 
fest-pnee was 344p. 

Hanson has just under 30 
per cent of Imperial with 
United Biscuits having -a 23 
per cent stake. UB is expected 
10 send & areolar fo. Imperial 
shareholders this week, em- 
phasizing the commercial 
prospects for a united Imps- 
UB company after last week’s 
clearance for its bid from the 
Office of Fair Trading. 

Guinness Peat in talks 

By OnrOty Staff 

Beat,' the mer- from foe Britannia Arrow sale. 

Why buy for cash, at foe top of 

i- . Guinness Feat, the mer- 
chant bank, hai -confirmed 
that it has been talking to 
Henderson -Qorthw&ite. foe 
medium sized stockbroker, 
but rays it is in nohurrytobuy 
such a . business. . 

Mr Alastair Morton, the 
chief executive of Guinness 
Beat, said las night “ We 
have had talks with Hender- 
son Crosthwaite and we are 
looking for smaller acquisi- 
tions with private clients’ 
funds. But we are not in a 
hurry to spend out profits 

foe market? 

Speculation about an acqui- 
sition by Guinness Peat has 
been heightened by the £18 
million profit rt made after its 
abortive bid for Britannia 
Arrow, the £280 million finan- 
cial services group: 

Guinness. Peat sold its 25 
per cent stake in Britannia to 
Mr Robert Maxwell, the pub- 
lisher, and M1M, the invest- 
ment group beaded by Mr 
David Stevens. 


bonus for 

TODAY - Interims: 
Mnemds (third quarter). 
Finals: Arcofectric (Holdings), 
Atlantic . Computers, 
Brammer, • CCA Galleries, 
Em ess lighting. Filch & Com- 
pany -Design Consultants, 
Laurence GOuld and Compa- 
ny, Kleinwort, Benson Gilt 
Fund, : Klein wort, Benson 
Sterling Asset Fund, Stanley ' 
Miller Holdings, Molins 
(amended), Rotafiex, Slough 

TOMORROW — Interims: 
A Beckman, Britannia Securi- 
ty Group, Floyd 03 Participa- 
tions. Portland Holding, TR 
City of London Trust Finals: 
Abbey Life Group, .Alexandra 
Workwear, AMEC, Associat- 
ed British Ports Holdings, 
BSG International, Bunzl, 
Caparo Properties, Christies 
International, Coates -Broth- 
ers, Elys (Wimbledon), Enter- 
prise 03, Execute* Clothes, 
Guardian Royal Exchange, 
William Jacks, Liouiteer Ju- 

lius Baer US Do llar Fund, 
London and Manchester 
Group, Lyle Shipping, M Y 
Dart, Ocean Transport and 
Trading, Silkolene Lubricants, 
Scottish Heritable Trust, A G 
Stanley, Sun Alliance and 
Loudon Insurance, Sun Life 
Assurance Society. 

THURSDAY - Interims: 
Acorn Computer Group, Bur- 
ton Group, Druck Holdings, 
Merivafe Moore. Finals: Ea- 
ling Electro-Optics, Empire 
Stores (Bradford), Ibstock 
Johnson, Wm Morrison Su- 
permarkets, Redritt & Col- 
man, Wayne Kerr, Weir 

FRIDAY — Interims: Save 
& Prosper Sterling' Deposit 
Fund Finals: Britannia Arrow 
Holdings, Chepstow Race- 
course, International Invest- 
ment Trust Co of Jersey 
(dividend). North British Ca- 
nadian Investment Company, 
E T Sutherland and Son. 

By Our Economics Editor 

The Chancellor stands to 
gain four times as much 
revenue as his forecasts sug- 
gest from the reduction m 
pension fund surpluses, ac- 
cording to po$t-Budget calcu- 
lations by the London 
Business School. 

These suggest that the extra 
tax paid in 1987-88 will be as 
much as £510 million, com- 
pared with Treasury forecasts 
of £124 million, and that this-J 
will rise to £1.5 billion in 

At the same time the LBS 
calculates that foe redaction 
iu surpluses required by the 
Chancellor will cut employers' 
costs by the equivalent of a 
full percentage point off na- 
tional insurance by foe end of 
foe decade. 

Mr Nigel Lawson an- 
nounced in the Budget that a£T 
pension fluids would be 
obliged to eliminate any sur- 
plus above 5 per cent, either 
by cutting contributions, im- 
proving benefits or direct 

The LBS believes that most 
will pursue the first option, 
which will result in more tax 
being paid by employers and 
employees as the contribu- 
tions they deduct from taxable 
income are reduced. 

The LBS calculates that 
pension funds' surpluses 
amount to about £50 billion. 

In its post- Budget forecast, 
foe LBS raises slightly its 
growth projection for this 
year. Although its estimate of i 
26 per cent is still below foe 
Chancellor’s, it points out that 
it is more optimistic about 
1987 in its forecast that 
growth wfll accelerate 10 3.2 
per cent. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Time to close the 
currency debate 


On almost every issue that comes 
before the Cabinet, the Prime Min- 
ister has had the backing of her 
Chancellor; the nature of the annual 
spending battle, indeed, is that the 
two of them naturally tend to find 
themselves in rather lonely agree- 
ment. This is why the internal debate 
in Government on the European 
Monetary System — which by all 
accounts became quite heated — is of 
peculiar Interest. For the Chancellor's 
conversion has meant that the Prime 
Minister might be the sole pillar of 
resistance if the EMS were be 
subject of a full Cabinet debate. 

Not that the Cabinet as a whole, is 
made up of ardent supporters of full 
membership of the fixed exchange- 
rate mechanism of the EMS. Nor, 
however, is it stiff with dedicated 
opponents of this particular mani- 
festation of the European 
Community's erratic progress to- 
wards integration. And the confusion 
over Britain's domestic monetary 
targets has certainly strengthened the 
political appetite for the relative 
simplicity of an external discipline. 

It is time the issue was settled for 
the duration of this Parliament. The 
ability of the foreign exchange mar- 
kets to drum up an EMS entry scare 
on the slightest pretext adds an 
unnecessary complication to the 
business of managing sterling in line 
with the Government’s counter- 
inflationary strategy. 

What seems to have happened in 
the EMS debate is that the long-term 
case for entry has been conceded. 
This is an important step, for even 
though the Thatcher Government 
was theoretically committed to even- 
tual membership from the very 
beginning, it was philosophically 
opposed to entry for some years. This 
tentative conversion to the principle 
of membership only partly depends 
on the history of the EMS itself: whfle 
the system has plainly held together 
better — and with fewer realignments 
of currencies — than appeared likely 
on its birthday in early 1979, it has 
brought about less economic conver- 
gence than was originally hoped. The 
deciding factor for Britain seems to 
have been the experience of life 
_.o.utside the EMS: first, as a country in 
danger of slipping into the second 
rank of a larger and more disparate 
European Community, but secondly 
and more importantly as an economy 
that has experienced much high real 
interes t rates than was hoped 

This grossly over-simplifies the 
reasons why conversion to the idea ol 
joining the EMS has permeated the 
Bank of England and the Treasury. 
There are those who think it would 
protect the exchange rate against the 
threat of a Labour government; and 
there are those who think it would 
offer more immediate protection 
against changes of policy by the 
present Chancellor. And there are, of 
course, those who still believe its 
advantages to be illusory; who reckon . 

that all a fixed exchange rate does is 
to close up a safety valve, diverting 
economic pressures into more dan- 
gerous channels. 

However, there has emerged some- 
thing approaching a consensus that 
while membership of the EMS might 
well mean even greater volatility of 
interest rates, it might also permit the 
average level of interest rates to be 

Then, however, we come to the 
critical question of timing. The go- 
now school has two fears: first, that 
the Government may miss quite an 
agreeable pattern of exchange rales, 
in which the pound is low enough 
against the mark to allow British 
industry to compete, but not so low 
that a fixed exchange rale would exert 
no counter-inflationary discipline. 
More subtly, there are those who fear 
that Britain may also miss the 
opportunity to negotiate with agree- 
able partners; in particular, a Presi- 
dent of the Bundesbank ready to take 
up the additional burden of stabiliz- 
ing the pound. 

The wait-and-see school, however, 
fears the difficulty of an election 
campaign during the learning period 
of full membership. The EMS, it is ar- 
gued, would create a bias against the 
election of a responsible government. 
For the more likely it appeared that 
such a government might not be 
elected, the more the exchange rate 
would weaken; the more such a 
government would then be obliged to 
raise interest rates to keep the pound 
within EMS limits; and the more this 
would hamper its own chances of 
securing victory. 

This is the kind of logic the foreign 
exchange markets have shown them- 
selves able to confound with ease. 
And it must be pointed out that the 
period to which this particular danger 
applies is really quite short. More 
than a few months before the 
election, a falling exchange rate 
would oblige the Government to 
raise interest rates willy-nilly, for fear 
of imperilling its counter-inflation 
strategy; while a run on the pound 
only a matter of days before the 
election could easily be contained by 
co-ordinated intervention (and effec- 
tively blamed on the Opposition). 
But there is no doubt that the EMS 
would provide a straitjackeL and that 
this could constrain the 
Government's freedom during an 
election campaign. 

This weighs strongly with the 
Prime Minister. It is not, however, an 
objection that is going to fade as the 
election approaches; so it makes little 
sense to pretend to be waiting for 
time to ripen, if this is now the 
overwhelming objection. The mo- 
ment has therefore come to say 
whether she has ruled out member- 
ship before a new Parliament, and 
how the decision would be taken 

Sarah Hogg 

Economics Editor 

Japan surplus 
at £2.6bn 

Tokyo, (AP-Dow Jones) — 
Japan ported an unadjusted 
current account surplus of 
S3.941 million (about £26 
bfliion) in February, com- 
pared with a $2539 million 
surplus a year earlier, the 
finance ministry announced 

The surplus followed a 
$1,878 million surplus in Jan- 
uary and a record $6,805 
million surplus in December. 

There was a $1,299 million 
deficit in foe country's overall 
balance of payments. This 
followed a $5,152 million 
deficit in the previous month. 

. !*** 

• -A’’ 

. By Carol Feignson 
Thera is a let of mystique can arise to 
surrounding the actMties of. hut, the 

^ counters to play with on 
the international Monopoly 
hoard and few mergers ttto 
. place withoflt attracting their 
attention, ' . ^ 

Not all are private mdrnft- 
-sals - many fate sec®™® 
bouses have their arbitrage 
what all 


thorough analyse philter 

tries and companies, stedym 
foe management ami knowt- 
efo* of the stock maritt^ to 


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common is that they 
shrewd and adroit operators 
who can brae an_ important 
influence on to bidding pro- 
cess. It Is now 

’a deal nr to t® vwiw- 

1 early on. 

He roll start buj " 
in soch a company, and in so 
doing will often create a tel 
sUnatioa by attracting aflea- 
fom fo an nndervalaea maraflt 

iu soon as a Mb»; 

Ivan Boesky: taking advan- 
tage of disparity , 

Dies with a stroke of his 
mflKOttS, Mr Boes ky sees • i ic 
«jfif rather as an instramem of 


.. „ . . 

disparity in vtone tot & 
between two different “LIT 
.fated ^Marines tot ere *ra*r 

; i^ simito^o^ « thesaie 

or different markets, w-foe 
disparity ^ hstmea M 

to fete of 


that, bat. what L . 

into the compteCMcy of corpo- 
rate Americans to powerto 

^arbs” have foalqtp redatera 
to foe existence of a potential 

of 1 

a. sort 
- y deriding; 

restroctming corpo- 
rate America does not go 
toed ""hindered. Anti-trust 
considerations often result in 
interference from govern- 

A successful merger will 
often oast jobs, not just f to 
employees bat also of foe 

Risk arbitrage probably had 
its origins in foe 1930s when 
there wm two btcopportam- 
ties for arbitrage. The reorga- 
nization of the US railways 
and to enforced divestment of 
snbsdiaifes of to public utili- 
ses both created price discrep- 
ancies in forir respective 
tores which coadd be ex^rit- 
ed by arfHtragenrs. 

The spate of mergers in to 
1970s allowed their artmties 
to grow and toy are now 
believed to play a significant 
rote in virtually every take- 
over. . 

Mr Boesky is carafe! to 
explain that he is not a 
co r porate entrepreneur. The 
corporate entrepreneur will 
seek a particular outcome in a 
bid and wfll often take control 
of a company. - 

Die arttitragenr is aot inter- 
ested in taking control. He 
does not care who wins - to 
-only advantage he seeks b to 
make a profit out of to 
spread. ■ - 

Many reasons have been 
given for to comparative lack 
of arfeHraae in foe British 
market If » much smaller and 

less liquid than the US mar- 
ket. But Mr Boesky sees little 
profit in it mainly because 
there are so few spreads. 

Mr Boesky says there is a 

sore of information in Britain 
♦him in to US. The US 
Securities and Exchange Com- 
mfeg uin rules penalize heavily 
what he calls the selective 
dissenmunatioD of inform* 
tion. Our inrider dealing legis- 
lation is less stringent 

This means font while it is 
possible to make a. profit by 
boring to target company 
shares, there is no opportunity 
to lock in to spread, a 
necessary feature of true risk 

The pension and other l aid 
managers also are often reluc- 
tant to sell shares which are 

on in case there is -a 
higher offer, folfilKug some of 
to functions of to arhitra- 
geor themselves. 

With the arrivals lug bang, 
all this could chance. More 

comprehensive regnfafom rf 

to City should allow spreads 
to develop, creati ng more 

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Government Announcement 

the earth’s axis. 




AFTER THE AXIAL SHIfT-. - - ■— — - 

Following a review of national energy 
policy, the Government is to implement 
far-reaching strategic energy measures at 
11.02am today. 

The aim of these measures is to effect 

for Britain. 

The result will be that Britain will occupy 
a new geographical location just 10 
degrees north of the equator. Manchester, 
for example, will enjoy the climate of 

Southern Africa will, in turn, become 
the new South Pole. Japan and parts of 
China, the new North Pole. While the 
polar icecaps themselves will melt to 
create two vast new temperate regions. 

Summers in Britain will be 10 degrees 
warmer on average. With wintertempera- 
tures being maintained at a balmy 20 
degrees Celsius, there will be energy 
savings of an estimated £2 billion a year. 

The English Channel will effectively 
become the Mediterranean. Northamp- 
ton becomes Southampton, Somerset 
becomes Summerset. 


electromagnetic charges. 

The proposed repositioning oT the earth's 
axis will be achieved by a series of three 
electromagnetic charges. 

Three five hundred megaton electro- 
magnets have been launched into the 
earth's orbit and are now circling the earth 
at a velocity of two orbits per hour. 

The electromagnetic charges will be 
activated today at 11.02, 11.14 and 11.29 
Greenwich Meantime precisely. 

The operation will be mounted by 
remote control from the Northallerton 
Orbital Tracking Station. 

In certain areas, metallic household 
objects such as saucepans and breadbins 
may experience spasmodic displace- 
ment. Householders should remove all 
jewellery and keep clear of the kitchen. 

On some routes, aeroplanes may be 
temporarily pulled off course. Holiday- 
makers travelling to Portugal and the 
South of France may have to settle for two 
weeks in Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

Motor cars may find their steering 
affected by the shifting magnetic field. 
Drivers should pull over to the hard 
shoulder and beware of low flying motor- 

Tidal waves, due to the melting of the 
northern ice-cap, may be experienced in 
coastal regions. Emergency services have 
been placed on full alert. 

Conditions for surfing, however, will 
be ideal. 

Q uestions raised in the 
United Nations. 

A ratherextraordinary general meeting of 
the United Nations Security Council was 
called last night to consider implications 
for member states— notably Chile, or 
rather Chilly, and what will become the 

British delegates pointed out that 
Britain was long overdue some good 
weather and energy savings. Anyway, why 
shouldn’t someone else suffer for a 

Risk of marital upheaval. 

The shift, once achieved, could bring 
some risk of marital upheaval as the moon 
will henceforth be in Saturn when it 
should be in Mars with the result that 
perfectly -matched Sagittarians and 
Librans will become disastrously incom- 
patible Leos and Cancers. 

After the axial shift, Britain will enters 
new time zone. Clocks should accord- 

ingly be put back one hour 23 minutes 
precisely. , 

The indications are that persons 
locked in amatory embrace between Ham 
and 11.30am will- Feel the earth move. 

Wait a moment. Aren’t we being just a 
teeny weeny bit hasty? 

Surely we can make this, clammy-old- 
isle of ours a more hospifable place to live 
without recourse to such ; stringent 

The Energy Efficiency Office has., 
outlined an array of schemes to save our 
monergy and make bur blimate feel posi- 
tively Mediterranean. 

Draught proofing, pipe lagging and 
loft insulation to name but three. 

There are free Monergy Information 
Packs, free advice, even free telephone:; 
calls on the special Monergy Hotline - 
0800 234800. : 

Methods admittedly less earth-shat- 
tering than shifting the earth’s axis. But 
equally effective and. may we suggest, just 
a touch more practical. 

April fuel. 

l * i to . : -V- 1- : .~J»- : ■' V - "r. : - . T- ■ :Lv :'. -■'; . 





~ T' - 


to rate cuts 

Jte power straggle at the 
United States Federal Re- 
serve between foe chairman, 

Mr Paul Volcker and the 
vice-dainnan, Mr Preston 
Martin, apparently, ended in 
victory for Mr Volcker The 
rate^utting Mr Martin re- 
signed, - 

U T _ . 

-The issoe, shook! bond 
traders need reminding, was 
over the pack of rate cuts and 
foe ^appropriate level foe. 
rates Mr Martin wanted cots 
almbst immediately' if not 
sooner, , while Mr Volcker 
favoureda more gradualist 
approach. LBut after last 
vfcek»s showing fry the bonds 
in New York, Mr Volcker 
may have won the battle with 
Mr Martin, but lost the war 
with the traders - a Pyrriuc 
victory indeed. . . 

In other words, Mr Volcker 
may be forced to sanction 
rale cuts far sooner than be 
expected, because of the' 
sharp declines in US bond 

- Arguably, the two protago- 
nists at the Fed were so busy 
slugging it out behind dosed 
doors that .they failed to 

maintain the 'hypnnrir sua- 
sion over government debt 
markets, which is vital if 
central banks are to retain 
their grip on market senti- 
ment. Bond prices, have 
zoomed ahead. Long bond 
returns have now dipped 
close to 7fc per cent, the 
lowest level seen since the 

As ever, the Fed will be 
concerned to avoid, bond 

S 'eld inversion, a possibility 
r the yield curve- which 
lurks just around the comer 
when as now, the. discount - 
rate equals the cost of two- 
year money. US primes tend 
to fall when when the spread 
above certificates of deposit 
rates approaches 200 points. 

That moment is dose. 

Some confusion at the Fed, 
however, between ends and 
means is also- discernible. 

Last week's note auctions^ -tailpricesmfoeUSfeflbyO-4 
went well, with yields on the percent, v :• 

four-year issue averaging 6.84 In the EEC, February retail 

percent, the lowest seen since _ price, gains totalled just O.f 
August 1977. The Fed was per dent, the level to which 
willing to add reserves when- animal West German price 
ever the banking., systfim . inflation now d*dme<L 
called for them, a. factor Nonetheless, the manifest 

which contributed noiablyto 
traders' confidence. 

But an ambivalent policy 
stance is hot confined to the 
Fed alone. The Bank of 
Enfcknd has gone out of its 
way to stress that the next set 
of rate cuts wiD be -delayed 
until the middle . of this 
month — after ■ the next 
meeting of the- Organization 
of- . Petroleum Exporting 
Countries and taking • due. 
for the.’ 

to little avail, judging 
by traders' improving expec- 
tations overlhe week. Initial 
sterling weakness, as North 
Sea oil prices slumped, pro- 
voked a slight hiccup in 
prices. Long yields rose brief* 
ly by about 14 basis points to 
about 9.26, per cent But by 
Maundy Thursday, the bulls 
were back. London is certain- 
ly- poised for action. Spreads 
have been whittled down 
fhrat about $0 points in early 
March to about 30 points. 

hi West- Germany, * the 
Bundesbank, made «miifar 
points noth equal firmness, in 
its latest monthly report, the 
central bank stated categori- 
cally that there was no further 
need for expansive measures 
of a monetary nature; rates 
might even go up. - ■ 

In Tokyo, the Bank of; 
Japan faced extreme pressure 
from foe industrial lobby to 
cut foe official discount rale 
again, as foe dollar dumped 
towards record lows. But the- 
Bank of Japan managed tip get 
the dollar up and fly ing by " 
what amounted to a skilful 
piece of forex jujitsu, damp- 
ing down pressure for cheap- 
er money: as the dollar 
recovered to yen 180. 

' But it is difficult at this 
stage to see how central banks 
can regain the, initiative and 
corid the rampant bullish- 
ness of world tend: markets; 
Inflation is foiling for faster =/ 
than seemed posable even a . 
few weeksago. February re- 


caution of central banks is 
justified by foe “tricky -times 
they glimpse ahead. Presum- 
ably they are not keen to see 
the entire Western credit 
system vanish in a puff of 
stock, market speculation. 

It isstill not dear, however, 
what foe impact of cheaper 
ofl prices —equivalent, even- 
tnaliy,' to an easier fiscal 
policy - will have on spend- 
ing patterns. Lower inflation 
adds op ’to a maverick de- 
ment in what until now has 
beien a' delicate and highly 
concerted exercise between 
the United States, Japan and 
West Germany.-- 
The loose Reagan fiscal 
they has left the United 
tales saddled with huge 
external deficits and Japan: 
West Germany with corre- 
. spondingly swollen surpluses. 
The Reagan deficits amount 
to demand and improved 
profits foregone by US corpo- 
rates, because of the strength 
of the dollar. The Group of 
Five agreement, on one level, 
has been, an attempt to help 
US Corporates recapture 
world market share through a 
combination of dollar deval- 
uation and then cheaper 

The next stage in US 
xorpotatejehabihtation pre- 
sumably is to put pressure on 
- America’s mam trading part- 
ners and persuade them to 
reflate: The Japanese have, 
experienced directives ofihis 
nature, .absorbing -die pres- 
sure mainly through their 
exchange irate: Last week, it 
was foe turn of the West 

Mr Anthony Solomon, for- 
mer chairmanof the Federal 
Reserve, condemned the con- 
duct of West German eco- 
nomic policy, describing 
fiscal and monetaiy policy as 
far tootight 

But like foe Japanese, the 
West Gerinans will be reluc- 
tant to reflate. The move- : 
ment in West German money 
rates, most notably in one- 
inontfreasts, suggests thatfoe 
pace of GennanGNP growth 
is accelerating anyway be- 
cause- .of- measures in the 
pipeline. The World Eco- 
nomic Institute in Kiel has 
given a' warning that next- - 
year could see a pick-up .in 

inflation and dedining corpo- 
rate profits. 

The West Germans are 
uncomfonaMy aware that the 
bias in their industrial base is 
towards capital goods where- 
as consumers, not industrial 
investment, are likely to feel 
foe first effects of cheaper oil 
and lower inflation. 

in the complicated 
manoeuverings between the 
three powers, foe United 
Stale* appears to have the 
weaker tactical position, 
most notably because the 
New York bond market has 
moved ahead so rapidly. 
Extension premiums have 
actually begun to widen in 
Tokyo; last week, foe West 
German bond market barely 
moved- And . any move to- 
wards cheaper money in this 
scenario seems bound to 
stoke tip consumer demand 
in the United States. The 
German and Japanese strate- 
gy looks dear — delay boost- 
ing domestic demand, but 
remain poised to sefl heavily 
into the United States. 

Such a rearrangement of 
economic variables points, in 
theory, towards a worsening 
in United States balance of 
payments trends towards the 
end of this year and perhaps 
panic moves to raise US rates 
to protea the dollar. Hence 
the impact of cheaper oil and 
lower inflation could be a 
reversal of the improving US 
external position initially en- 
visaged. And scattered signs 
of an upturn in the US are 
starting to appear. 

The bond market rally 
looks set to continue for 
many more tnonfos^md Lon- 
don seems bound to take part 
fully; convertibles and 
FOTRA stocks are still 
zooming ahead. 

The. bears now have but 
rme thought Scribe tui gregis 
hunc , el fortem crede 
bonumque. But there is a lot 
more .to the central banks's 
approach to foe feast than 
just an intuitive dislike of 
jollification. Real interest 
rates, as foe sharper eyed 
have pointed out, show no 
convincing signs as yet of 


Christopher Dann 

v -' Orion Royal Bonk 


’£ million 1985 .1984 


— -64Z4V 569.4 

Tracfing profit ^ ; 


"41 A 

Capital expendBtwe 

;43i) = 

■ 3 50 

Uet capital employed (end - of year) 



Return oncapital (average) . 






V *T J i ' 

These figures refete to fhe Group managed bf Albright & Wson,fnduOngcoinpariieeouned 

•The 1985 results include tab acqufeiBons,fhe 
Industrial ChemlcalsGrwip of Mobil Mining. . , 
and Minerals in the USA from May 1985 and . 
Tensia Surlac in Spain for the wherfe year 
by the impact of exchange rates on transiafioa 
of overseas results info staffing. 

• UK profits were towsi; because of adverse 
exchange rate movements which depressed 
maigins. * 

•Exports from the IK rose from £tt5 million 
Jo£131traUkxi, representing 40% of UK- ’ _ 

■ generated sales. 

•Overseas companiescontinued to account 
for rrwst crf the Group's profit wtth foe largest 
contribution comfng firom North America 
• Capital expenditure in foe UK at £14 m'HBon 
was a!a simitar level to1984; the overseas total 
increased by £8 mafion to £29 mfflion, 
principally to Canada. , 


dUKieHTi . 

UTB I nte r na t ion al in Chemicab 

1 Knight3faridfleGre<m,Lon(tonSWX7tffi ~ . - . ' ' 

jrlaramco company 



announce a reduction in the rates ofmterest payable on-existing 
mortgages. The reduction will be effective from 1 April, 1986. 


• Under file Society^ 
system of ArmualRevieuv 
them will be no change in 
monthly payments. The 
nextAnnuafRewew.will be 
in January, 1987, when a 
newmonthly payment will 
■ be notified to borrowers, 
■taking into account rate 

changes during 1986 and 
the recent alteration m fhe 
1 .basic rate of income tax. 

Whan you want a bcrfterservice 

2AU:Tet (0274) 734S22. 

improve in 
S Africa 

. By Jeremy Warner 
Business Conespoadent 
Conditions for black Afri- 
can workers employed by 
British companies operating 
in South Africa improved 
considerably during foe 12 
months to the end of June 
1985, according to. a report 
from foe Department of Trade 
and Industry. 

The numbers paid below 
recognized minimum levels 
was halved and there was 
evidence or ncreased dealings 
with South Africa's emerging 
trade unions. 

There was also a growing 
conunjtmrDt to training, edu- 
cation and community pro- 
jects mid increased provision 
of fringe benefits. 

There are the main findings 
of the voluntary code of 
conduct, for companies with 
interests in South Africa pub- 
lished by foe DTL 
Reports were received from 
most of companies with inter- 
ests, in South Africa. Only 
three- companies known or 
believed to have South Afri- 
can: subsidiaries employing 
more than- 20 blacks, railed to 

■ The three; were Siebe, the 
safety products and engineer- 
ing group. Sun Alliance and 
London Insurance, and Trust- 
house Forte: 

Although the number of 
Mack Afncans employed by 
British companies and paid 
below the bate minimum was 
halved, those paid below a 
recognized upper minimum 
level increased from 53 per 
cent of foe total of 95,800 to 
6per cenL 

The code found that the 
number of British-owned 
South African companies with 
racially integrated-- canteens 
ami toilets snowed a marked 

But fewer than a third have 
full desegregation and even 
desegregation of the work- 
placejwasjiot yet universal. 

I Copies of the reports and of 
the DTTs analysis and' sum- 
mary have been placed in foe 
library of foe House of Lends 
and the House of Commons. 

ey may also be inspected at 
the Department's library. 





12 *% 

Adam & Company 

CansoHdated Crds 12*% 

Continental Trust __11W% 

Co-operative Bank 11*% 

C. Hoare & Co^____.flH% 

LLoyds Bank-. _11*% 

Nat Westminster flh% 

Boyd Bank of Seafood MriT 

; m% 

Cfttofflk SA_: Ittrt 

t MartPff Bmb Bara, 


Healthy outlook for new issues .1 

March and April are tradi- 
tionally the peak for new 
issues of foe USM as calendar 
year-end companies come to 
the market with foe historic 
profits lucked under their 

But this month has been 
noticeably quieter than previ- 
ous years with only four new 
issues, BPP Holdings. 
Meaner Swam, Warden Rob- 
erts and Spice. 

This raises the question of 
whether foe very rapid growth 
m the USM has come to an 
end. or whether this is a 
temporary Wip. 

The difficult conditions pre- 
vailing last year have led to 
companies being introduced 
to the market on lower ratings. 

The costs of an issue have 
risen dramatically in two years 
and the leading sponsoring 
houses now increasingly limit 
their introductions to compa- 
nies above a certain size. That 
must cause companies to 
think harder about alternative 

sources of external finance 
through foe OTC a BES 
scheme or a private placing. 

Many smaller company 
fond managers are relieved at 
the quieter tone in the market 
this year as they have time to 
consider new companies more 

The Government's declared 
intention to lay further em- 
phasis on pay reward through 
profit-sharing suggests that 
many medium-sized compa- 
nies will wish to seek public 
status, preferring the USM to 
the main market because they 
have to sell less equity. 

Companies also sometimes 
seek a USM quotation to 
provide a market for their 
shares to make share incentive 
schemes to employees more 

For these reasons. City fol- 
lowers of foe USM believe 

that the new issue market will 
continue at a healthy level 
over the next few years, even 
though foe numbers may not 

regain the levels seen in the 
last three vears. 

• Farewell this week to one 
of the most dazzling USM 
successes in the last two years, 
Addison Page. 

The company was bom 
from a merger just over a year 
ago of foe executive recruit- 
ment agency Michael Page 
Partnership and the corporate 
design and financial commu- 
nications consultancy Addi- 
son Communications. 

The first foil-year figures 
showed an advance in pretax 
profits of 50 per cent 

Hie group hopes to repeat 
its success with another merg- 
er - 10 foe recently floated 
Chetwynd Streets. 

To allow Addison to move 
up to foe foil market, 
Chetwynd is issuing shares for 
Addison, although Addison 
Page will comprise 70 per cent 
of the new company. 

This merger will unite two 
financial public relations com- 
panies, Streets Financial and 

Financial Strategy, making it 
by far the largest group spe- 
cializing in financial commu- 

Profits of foe combined 
group for I9S6 should reach 
£5.4 million, giving earnings 
per share of 8.5p. 

The shares have been dull 
over the last 12 months along 
with the entire agency sector 
but are now on a reasonable 
pricc/eamings ratio of 16 
times and should show further 
appreciation this year. 

• KLP, foe first sales promo- 
tions company on foe USM, 
held its annual meeting this 
week and announced a small 
acquisition of a 51 per cent 
holding in 3 Canadian sales 
promotion company. 

The group is building up its 
international business and 
this small step is only the first 
of a number of moves which 
the directors are hoping to 
announce ibis year. 

Isabel U ns worth 

Pnca Cb’ga Cron 






c can m 

fftfi «Mk pence 

* P/E 

1903400 A 1 M Op 




4 a 114 

5*18900 A7A Stocoox 


2K1 36 158 

8*88900 NMan 
6960400 Abaraaau S» Hae 



38 14.1 



S3 131 

131m Acme Sawtoi 

• ♦3 


55 13.1 

484m Acorn Corap 


.. 49 

972900 Am 



.. 84 

3730900 Alton Laaut 



.. 19 

430m Adcsaon Pag* 




14 2*3 

133to ATM 


34 144 

5 250JOOO Atoto 

4 20 


i or 

25 321 

189m AipmmmK 



1.1 254 

7873900 Apptotm* 



09 M4 

“J2 «&%£*** 





17 283 

IB** A (p*n Corana 







S3 83 

881m Assray 




22 213 

2477400 AuacEnM 1 
181m ASSOC B»af 





ii - 4 

.. 74 

5.1 93 

4980900 Uoragc 


• -2 


11 D 17 0 

1815900 BPP 




17 155 

3757900 BTS Grp 


• -1 

54b 77 84 

3943900 BlOM rTtoml 


• -12 


73 7.7 

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1430900 Baracns Crspa 



. - 

. 164 

8.127900 BPtor ft Hay 



I3«B Banatoy E»p 



483m Baraatoy Cp 




i* 294 

2988900 Be mam 




5300900 Btorartvds 



64b 58 IS* 

9996900 Bluabnl Toys 


• -15 


10 130 



T 1 

SO 1 12 

8588000 Briar 




11 110 

1 ■ r... 1 I 



4402900 Bream* Sac 




1.7 169 

8*72900 Br Btoooaock 


• -2 



8845900 Braem*** 




27 114 

7980900 Brawl (ChirtoJ 





6.705900 8M (Dartol 
Buto Rmoukps 




42 93 


8214900 CCA Gtoanas 


340 4 4 . . 1 

129m CML Men 




1.4 14 8 

5428000 CPS Coop 




54 124 

4963900 CPU Comp 



. . 1 

.. 4.7 

21.1m CVD 



dMdm Off 



Mto Cannon EtrM( Hw 


- -7 


11 145 

2978900 OiMRBOOr 




4.7 853 

881m caraml TV 




45 105 

12fta CTtancary Stos 




49 1*5 

352)900 OMCkpani Eiaopa 



*17900 cnem Memo*, 




250 . 

8293900 CMSMe W 



Sin 32 233 

1.481900 Otar 




4.74 8fl00 CtaptH 





4.1 M3 

■> w non ctioau Goto 

128 m 53Toi Hogt 




27.7m Ooora EnanSd 




4.771900 Comp Rrmncal 




24 224 

8*98000 Caatoscft 




63 7.7 

9968900 Coanftara 




1 1 196 

2503900 Cora Tam tors 


• -3 


1*2 816 

•409900 C0B8 hecronra 




22 152 

7 J6GT90 Cm<9 




17 14.8 

188*1 CPM 




14 19.1 

5.0B9.00I7 Omnpbon 




21 244 

59*0900 Crantjrook 



29 193 

6980900 Crmwca 




72 BL1 

8092900 Crnton Lodga 

. 90 


29 190 

9918000 CnMO M 


• -1 


51 184 

5440900 Crusa 




12 134 

515*400 DBE Tacb 



.. 212 




19 143 

1200900 DJ SVC Manns 


• ♦4 


21 a 2 

7937400 Oman* 




17 150 



112» De tom 


• -5 


44 104 

2413400 Detaar 




54 111 

205m Dancer* 



24 115 

4417400 Deormra Sac 




59-74 . 

898* 000 De way Wanan 


115 53 

234m Druto 





3993 900 Darner 




15 154 

463900 Do 12% 





125m Etorg Saa Opacs 



25 145 

S59900 Ecoonc 


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27 119 



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6475900 Baumac D4D P 


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13 350 

7920900 Fad Hotorag 




59 93 

5958900 FwtaO 



8486900 FargattoX* 



6401900 FlaMecb 




!! 205 

9479.000 Ftoyd 08 











7932900 Qabbico 





Pnea Qi n Gross On 
M on <to vu 
TJ*r» ««Mk peoot % P/E 

11 7*1 
17 An 
28 2 m 

(Mann 100 

Gm/Rsmx 42 

GOQon Lyans 75 

Gees uew iGO 


Qcotf Go 42 

GO0W*1 Wyn n 178 

Goodnoad Pnw no 
Go*; (U mo| no 
Gnuiya Eurtaca 78 
Craanwcn Caaia 28 
Gros-anor Sa 85 
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399*900 Haaoi Cara 
2955000 HB»WM 
495*900 Do A- LV 
134*1 Hm-Pom 
5600 000 KmM Pan 
140*000 Hasson 
*951 000 foggrt Bow®'* 79 
*952909 Honan Hydrcman HO 
a 1M ItetnMS 6 MarCftSffl«85 
266*1 Hama (RoMR) 

25Ao DO A* 163 

3* Dm Howard Group 283 • . 

2.701 OCO Hurnontf Bac if* -'r 
232m Humn S jprw 150 * * 

iB«m HurnmmrTTaoi 220 

8091900 **st 3 iso >13 

*9009(0 trace 25 

room no Son Energy 44 -5 

5.115900 MraRao 78 -5 

140m tramai w p* Tech 28S • . . 

1971900 ktnrvmn 4 -■> 

2O69O0 GO 7*a 23 

189m taraot UK» U 29 - » 

6A31 000 JSD Corap 118 *3 

329m JS Prthotogy 276 -1* 

13 Oar «TT 143 -2 

957 .000 JtaM 27 

290O9OQ Jacscns 13 

7929900 Jcmsan 6 Jorg 110 

8625000 JomstonK Pmr«9 85 


3600.000 Jua RuOMr 
175m KLP 
103m Kara Uotm) 

*.989.000 Kenyon Sacs 
*991.000 Kama Spam 
10 4m Kbr*-Taltn* 
*52790 0 LP 4 ms 
*368000 IMm 

5.151.000 uxte~ Thomson 
B, 7 63.000 Lauun an 

25 9m Uawmar 
122m Lon 6 CydaMle 

8909.000 Lfirtn Bad 











5 153000 Lr&anoar Pal 32 

4.100 000 lA*r Comp 205 

*A53 000 K^LaugnMi 6 Har 
1* im Magnate liMW 
1937 000 Mammal 

113m Martin (RoreJO) 
136m Mayfair Cny 
122 m Maynews i-oods 
356m Meadow Farm 
21 7m Mad® Teen 
*.*55900 Meaaiwam 
3929900 Memory Comp 
2.71= 000 Mfmccm M HUa S3 
. H2m Ihwv'Smn 138 
12 6m Manynown Wma 
8.790900 Matal BiMim 
1302900 Matal Scmmme 
11 5m Mettee 

5.115.000 Momai (Jolwi) 

459m MlciaMm 

4522900 Mcraiusa 

7975.000 Mtcrrwaac 
3955900 Mrttnd Man* 

153m Mdsummer Inns 
7.770900 MIm 33 

103m Maawd Brawn 

3961.000 Mas wend 







7400000 MporgaM Go 
136m Monas C Oana 
1. SO 900 Money |PM 

5.621.000 Mem* <V**Mmj 
3990900 Has Mwrawg 

lBCan NMW Comp 

7.951.000 NstonwwiB Lews® 7* 
5000900 Naw ClWRK IS 

Do «na 2^ 

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last on Ov VM 
Tints mat pane® \ PIE 

100m Pacer System* 

3 000 000 PatAc Sales 
5620900 Panmeraa* 

31 Om Pan*mtt G? 

21 Sm Pawpn 
15 2m Parmy * B*05 
249m Papa G>ou> 

9 000000 Pancom 
2.688000 Penuns Ml 
106m Patar* (MenasK 
2200900 Patrooan 
2 418.000 Pea»i>t Rama 
4.915900 Pia Pm 
1393000 AnaappM Dares 
1936 000 Plan aw 
1 J8000Q Piasmec 
5.6*5900 POHon 
15lm rwnpy 
19 im Poyasn lAtmt 
14 im Powemna 
186m Prasmem Em 
752? 000 Promosons Ms* 
102m Prontapran 
1275 000 Pfcprr-, Ts* I0o 
702 000 Do Bp 
3in000 Aramrarar 
i(J2m Qubsmi 
616 000 Race C4v A' 
2.171000 Raao Clyde 
11 6m Raami 
5558009 Ramco O* 

4 *28000 Ramus 
3360009 Ra« rune Control 
1561 000 Ratem Moor 

4 025000 R-to 1D4S 
1 8*0990 RoHa 8 xoian 
7.707.000 RudOa |G) 

I '2m SAC 
781m SCUSA 
108m Saraers Photo 
7016900 Sapphre Pm 
A417.000 Scorwo 
6923900 Scanoranc 
3*3m Scar Manama 
5995900 SacunquarJ 
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1.372900 ! 

8960900 Shandwck 
26 5m Sham Drag 5M 
3520900 Shatoon Jonas 
3i0m Gnaraam sac 
7 020900 Sherwood Comp 
6. 795900 Sane* 

5976.000 sSnCatma 

7 622900 S>Cn (V » 4w m) 
BT70900 Swar* Food 
7.736900 Snowdon Etrage 

Smn Bta 

lOaai 5W Raaoacaa 
8600900 Soma* Tela 

3066.000 Spectra Auto 
3D00900 Soackum 

101m Spca 

6900.000 Swmaaa Metal 
1. 767 900 Sranateo 

i93m Stat-Pao 
116 m Stnrtno Pub 
8978900 Sunbtan Sad 
•900900 SuewAna (£T> 

12.0m Nansto 
3J96 000 Noranfc 
130* Narbarn 
5377900 Morscol HtSato 
6525900 *Rn Saa 6 Gan 
4987900 O&afcj tospec 


14 8« Ossorna 6 LOB 
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4.437900 PCT 











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21 49 219 


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29 4.1 aea 

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29 19 32.6 

14 43 188 
46 46 113 



1980.000 Smbon Pr Hasp 120 
7.216900 Synapse Comp 205 

15ftn T 15 Stores 
119m TtJS Oroai* 

6678900 Tlao Advan 
4260900 T*y Homos 
3375900 Tachnolsn 
3 600900 Tech For Bus 
* *80900 Tacn Comp 
8992900 Tatocomouong 
12 3m Tel Sara M 
95*2-000 Thtncaz 
401m Tharm SocnWc 

1.640.000 Thorpac 
3959900 Taslay fEto) 

9.680900 Tod IW6J1 
29*9900 Tdwnyada Sac 
1789900 Traoa Proroooon 

20 * 


- 81 

*913900 Wrfbar Been 88 

2932900 Watoac 16 

1 986900 Wen Yrnfeshan 78 

69*2900 Whtfwcnn's Foods 78 

56.4B» We**S 171 

021.000 Mrane aw S’. 

1960.000 Wton inn] Htoga 22 
139m Wnptoa 98 

129m Wotd 60 

168 m Wto OT Laathar 210 

16.7m Wyko « 

800900 7.y%« 200* 

153m Taapwnanwnar 1*8 

2970900 Ye m en 32 

1.520000 Von Mow* 38 

1.101000 Zygal Dynmncs 22 

7953900 Irion 
9938X00 Tyne Tees A’ 
20.7a. UOO 
1.459900 1IU Crome 
755m UM FrimOy 
*.450.000 Lfto Pacfcagmg 
9.755900 Vtowpan 
8.449900 Wayne Karr 

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33 55 103 
36 1.7 223 

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23b 19 227 

Hrst National Securities 

Base rate 

First National 
Securities Limited 
announces that 
with effect from 

1st April 1986 
its base rate for 
lending will be 
12 Wo. 

Tint Nmwoal Sccnririe* Lid- Tint Ntsional Hour, CoHccr feud. Harms 
MUdkmHAI !FB.le{cpfa<»*t 01481 ijtj. 

Kleinwort Benson 

With effect from 1st April 1986 
the Kleinwort. Benson Limited mortgage rate 
will be 12.5% per annum, and the 
personal loan base rate will be 11.5% per annum. 

Grieveson Grant 
and Co. 


From Tuesday 1st April 1986 
we shall be at 

PO Box 560 
20 Fenchurch Street 
London EC3P 3DB 

Telephone: 01-623 8000 

1 ■ . ♦ - 

Croda 1985 results 









Profit before taxation 



Profit after taxation 



Extraordinary items after taxation 



Attributable profit — 



Ordinary dividends (net] 
Proposed final dividend 



( payable 1 July 1986) 



Making total for the year 




Croda International Pic 
Cowitfc Hofl Sroirh Goote 
North Humberside DNW9AA 
Tel 0405 8S0551 Telex 57603 

Copies of Report end Accounts 
available on and after 28 April 1956 
from the Secretary 





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^JUNANud AND liNL/USlki 

i kit liMES TUESDAY APRIL i 1986 

Stampeding bulls still have some way to run 

Leading world stock mar- 
kets have soared to 
records this year and 
many experts are predict- 
ing more to come. Times 
staff round the world have 
analysed how their mar- 
kets have performed in 
the big bull rush and 
tackle the question: are 
we at the top? Reports 
from: Diana Geddes, Ste- 
phen Taylor, Mike Gra- 
ham, John Earle, David 
Bonavla and Frank 


Propelled by a new mood of 
confidence and optimism af- 
ter the victory of the right in 
the French elections on March 
16, the index on the Paris 
stock exchange shot up to a 
record high of 346 last Tues- 
day, compared with a base of 
100 at the end of 1981, 
representing an increase of 32 
percent since the beginning of 
the year. 

Parts CAC 

1 i eu r i i j i i i i ■ i i i i — i — i i 

However, the right is by no 
means entirely, or even large- 
ly, responsible for that rise. 
The Bourse had already been 
booming under the Socialists. 
After a sharp fall when they 
first came to power in May 
1981. followed by a period of 
stagnation, it took off at the 
beginning of 1983, when the 
Socialists introduced their 
policy of economic rigour, and 
has never looked back. 

Since January 1983, the 
index has risen by more than 
250 per cent. Over the last 
week alone, it has gone up 13 
per cent. Investors are now 
rushing to buy shares of 
companies whose annual re- 
ports for 1984 are often show^ 
ing excellent results. 

France is benefiting from 
the same external factors as 
the other European stock ex- 
changes: the world-wide disin- 
flation is continuing, interest 
rates are coining down, and 
national economies are ex- 
pected to grow at a faster rate 
than previously expected as a 
result of the cut in oil prices 
and the fall in the dollar. 

But there are specific 
French factors too. The 
Bourse is particularly sensi- 

tive to the fell in interest rates, 
for example. Two-thirds of the 
investments on the French 
slock market are in bonds, and- 
when interest rates come 
down, bond prices go up. 
producing an increase in capi- 
tal which may encourage in- 
vestors to switch to shares. 

The capitalization of the 
Bourse represents only 12 per 
cent of the national GDP, 
compared with well over 50 
percent in Britain, the US and 
Japan. There is room for 
expansion, therefore, and that 
draws investor attention. And 
being so small means that 
even a limited amount of 
intervention from the big US 
and British institutional in- 
vestors has a disproportion- 
ately large effect on the 

The new French Govern- 
ment's proposed programme 
of denationalization could fur- 
ther increase investor interest 
in die Bourse. There is already 
evidence of a great desire to 
buy into the leading candi- 
dates for privatization. But the 
Government must be careful 
not to swamp the market with 
new issues 

There is some speculation 
that the new government may 
decide to declare an amnesty 
on illegal capital holdings 
abroad That could produce a 
new inflow of capital available 
for the purchase of shares. 

The general view here is 
that the Bourse will continue 
to rise, at least in the short 
term. But there are certain 
danger signals ahead 

The fall in oil prices has 
resurrected the threat to the 
international banking system, 
for example, which could 
produce a depressive effect on 
all slock markets, while in 
France no one blows quite 
how long the new experiment 
of political “cohabitation" be- 
tween the right and left will 
last Signs of political instabil- 
ity could change investor psy- 
chology overnight. 




' • " * ' DowJonesI 

1200 ' industrial I 

jr » 


Mar Apr May Jtgi Jui Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar 


The buying frenzy which 
has gripped the Sydney Stock 
Exchange for almost two 
weeks and had the all- 

12W 1 Australian 
1100 . all ordinaries 


ordinaries index setting new 
records daily is in contrast to a 
suddenly sombre outlook for 
the economy in general. 

Brokers say what the Aus- 
tralian Financial Review de- 
scribed as a “bull stampede" is 
largely a response to the 
activity on the New York and 
London exchanges, with one 
analyst describing Sydney as 
"a pillion passenger” being 
swept along by the interna- 
tional euphoria. 

Falling interest rates have 
also contributed to the record, 
however, while the Australian 
dollar has staged a recovery. 
Last Tuesday. Westpac Bank- 
ing Corporation reduced its 
pnme rate by 0.75 to 18.75 per 
cent, the lowest of the main 

The all-ordinaries index 
surged 2 per cent in a single 
day recently to break through 
1 100 for the first time. It has 
continued to rise and last 
Wednesday stood at 1168.8, 
having gained another 12 
points on the previous day. 
Last May it stood at 875. 

Mr Jim Bain, chairman of 
the Sydney Stock Exchange, 
believes there is still a lot of 
strength in the surge- He says 
that m addition to the world 
boom the sharp fell in the 
yield on long-term bonds has 
been a contributory factor. 
From 15.8 per cent four 
months ago they have drop- 
ped to less than 13 per cent 

Outside buying interest has 
been strong, according to bro- 
kers. particularly from the 
United States, despite the 
latest forecasts which say the 
Australian economy is slow- 
ing down more rapidly than 

In its latest bulletin on 
business indicators the ANZ 
bank says: “Of real concern is 
the prospect that undue reli- 
ance on monetary policy will 
slow investment as well as 
consumption and risk turning 
the economy down sharply-” 

It adds: “Geariy, sustained 
high real interest rates are not 
compatible with the need for 
private investment to be 

New York 

Most analysts expect the bull- 
ish behaviour of the New 
York Stock Exchange to con- 
tinue through the summer and 
into the autumn despite the 
sudden and sometimes heavy 
dips in the Dow Jones indus- 
trial average. 

One Merrill Lynch analyst 
said:“We are advising short- 
term caution. But we expect 
the average to remain bullish 
throughout the summer. After 
that, we will be looking for a 
major correction." 

The average has survived 
some hefty oollapses during its 
rise in the past few months 
and some economists are pre- 
dicting that it will rise above 
2.000 before settling again. 

The rise, with its high 
volume of trading, is seen as 
being due chiefly to demands 
from institutional investors. 

An analyst explain- 
edTThere is a lot of cash 
demand around right now 
from the pension and mutual 
funds." One reason for believ- 
ing that the level will remain 
high is that there is still plenty 
of untapped cash. 

The analyst said:“As the 
Treasury rate fells, people wifl- 
be taking their money out of 
the high-yield bond funds, and 
putting it into stocks. We're 
still waiting for the effects of 

Some investment houses 
are issuing warnings that when 
the small investor gets in. it is 
time to get out. But the better 
supported view is to continue 
riding the high. 



For air travellers connecting with other airports 
throughout the UK, Ireland and Europe, SAA offer one-terminal 
simplicity at Heathrow Terminal 1. Whether you’re flying 
to South Africa. Or flying back. 

More non-stop flights. Plus far and away the best wine on 
the route, says Business Traveller Magazine (World Airline 
Wine Survey). 

More than ever, SAA is the No. 1 way to South Africa. 

~we moke the difference 

2*1 fent* «<rc«i Lnmki'MRTUJ TH I tt-UjRTb.uM,.*, M iM'.'UK IVm.o^ Uj* h-..rr Irl •!*!-. J M ir. H-T-rt' 

For 24 hours after the Gulf 
of Sine action it looked as if 
the long-expected downturn of 
the Milan Bourse had arrived, 
with a 2.7 per cent fell from 
the peak at the end of the 
previous week of 674.38 in the 
Banca Gommerciale index.. 

But then the index, which 
had stood at 147.23 at its low 
'of July 22 1982, resumed its 
relentless bull trend and most 
of the ground was made up. 

Most investors have never 
had it so good. Generally 
speaking, they doubled the 
value oftbeir holdings in 1985 
and have seen a rise of nearly 
another 50 per cent so far tins 

Signor Eggore Fumagalli, 
chairman of the Milan Bourse, 
says corrections are bound to 
occur, but believes the boom 
to be healthy and sound. 

Italian shares, he says, used 
to be undervalued!. Now the 
market reflects Italy's produc- 
tive capacity and its people's 
will to work. This is “a 
structural change, not a soap 

Among the first to realize 
this, he adds, were people in 
the City of London and else- 
where abroad. The rise has 
been fuelled by foreign buying. 

An example of foreign con- 
fidence in mzjor Italian 
groups was the purchase by 
three institutions of a stake in 
Cofide, the holding company 
of Signor Carlo de Benedetti 
of Olivetti 

But an even greater boost 
has come from the establish- 
ment of domestic unit trusts, 
which since the first was 
launched in June 1984, have - 
gathered from the public near- 
ly 30.000 billion lire (£13,000 
million) for investment in 
shares and bonds. The pace 
shows no sign of slackening. 

Straits Timet 
_ industrial 

M A M J J A 'S O N'P ; J FH 





Hang Sang 

I i i i"i' i 1 i- r T ^ > *i “ r *i 


Problems plague Singapore 

The year has been an excep- 
tional one for the twin markets 
of Singapore sod Kuala Lum- 
pur, where special dremn- 
stances have drives prices 
down, hi sharp contrast to the 
rest of the world. - 

The problem is partly politi- 
cal and partly ecoBomk. Inter- 
nal dissent is parties forming 
the rating coalition in Malay- 
sia has metnded the resigna- 
tion of the Deputy Franc 
Minister, Musa Hftam, disas- 
trous personality dashes am- 
ong the Chinese MPs and 
instability ai the state govern- 
ment of Sabah. 

Far more serious has been 
the coBapse of confidence hi 
the Stock Exchange of Singa- 
pore following imprudent sha- 
d eatings by individuals and 
listed companies that threat- 
ened to culminate hi defaults 
of stockbroking firms. 

In addition, the Malaysian 
econom y has suffered from the 


West Germany's eight stock 
exchanges, of which by far the 
largest is Frankfurt, can claim 
to have been the fastest- 
growing markets in the world 
over the past 18 months. 

The Commerzbank index : 
rose 76 per cent last year, 
partly because West Germany 
had a surprisingly underdevd- 

fall in commodity prices while 
Singapore, heavily dependent 
on the. US economy, has 
succumbed after years of 
spending Its way oat • of 

It looks a market for the 

brave, but those with money to 
pambfe could see Singapore 
and Malaysia benefit if the 
rest of the world comes off the 
boO and in vestors notice that 
South-East Asian stocks look 

After aft, two years ago the 
Hong Kong market was m free 
fell while Singapore stocks 
went from strength to 
strength. It took a brave 
investor to switch to Hone 
Kong then, bat those who did 
have seen the Hang Seng 
index double and die Straits 
Times index pfammet. 

The Hong Kong stock mar- 
ket has Been nekvoos recently 
m anticipation of possible 
fufhnimi bags when the 

oped stock market until a 
couple of years ago. 

Most West German compa- 
nies tended to rely on banks 
for equity capital But the 
banks began to be dissatisfied 
with being shareholders in 
such industries as cars and. 
machine tools. They wanted 
to go into more subtle and 
lucrative financial services, 
and persuaded the Govern-’ 

preseat four ex c h an ge s are 
Am algamated frntn « neve: com- 
putenzed single exchange. 

Local stockbrokers are opti- 
nnstic sbout the Hoag Kong 
market's likely performance 
this year. Reduced ofl prices 
and a modest increase in 
demand for manufactured 
goods worldwide has been 
beneficial to Hong Kong. 

The new unified stock ex- 
change will prn Hong Kong in 
tire from ranks of big business 
communities" around the 
world, speeding op transac- 
tions and c ertifyin g .verbal 
agreements by automatic voice 
recording among the parties to 
any transaction. 

Japanese stocks, as usual, 
go from strength to strength. 

Tokyo may well see ashake- 
oot from its current record 
levels, fad it is also likely to be 
tire market to bold on best if 
the world decides that the bull 
market has gene far enough. 

ment to make buying equities 
more attractive. 

The decline in the dollar has 
also resulted in more foreign 
investment That market is 
expected to continue. 

Domestic demand now 
plays such an important part 
in deciding the strength of the 
German economy that con- 
sumer stocks will continue to 
be among the favourites 


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APRIL 1 AT 3pm. 




t >'"l I »— 4 4m * p ** 

itonaMMuraTT wmiv .>flrr>ta,iBr maa i 

tr .■ 


— v ’ ’ -■ _ ■ , ,THE TIMES TUESDAY APRIL 1 1986 



“Facing change 
a position of str 


We are determmed to main rain our position as a 
leading international financial services organisation. In 

■i r\n r~ 1 . ■ -/» , ° 

competitive and rapidly changing markets in which we 

l ,*» v - 

f.= {(AX’?! 


In 1985 financial institutions of all types competed ■ 
aggressively for personal customer business. The strength 
of our customer base arid branch network, together with 
our commitment to provide a high standard of service in 
all our dealings with customers, enabled us to maintain 
our leading position. ' 

In December we introduced ‘No Charge* banking for 
■ our five million 

m - personal customers. 

substantial number of 

barildng in Mayaiidby 
the end of the year we 
' were open for busi- 
ness at 190 locations. 

inking is different from ' 
erations, and the 

toniDu wuon ui uic irticst technology and a 
secure, yet friendly open plan environment will become 
an increasing feature throughout our branch network and 
not just ori iStiirdays. . : * 

During 1985 we added 500 automated teller machines 
to our network ofSirvicetills and Rapid Cash Tills, which we„ 
believe to be the largest independent network in the world. 

The NatWest Saver Service is made up of a variety of 
products, each of which is targeted at a specific segment of 
our diverse customer base. • 

The Special Reserve Account was introduced in 
January 1985, attracting new customers as well as £ 

encouraging existing ones to save with us. In the 
younger savings marijet, our Tiggy* accounts go from ^ 
strength to strength with themiffionth ceramic pig 4 
being issued in 1985. - 

We are the largest provider of mortgage finance 
amongst the UK banks, and National Westminster Home 
Loans saw another year of growth with new advances of 
over £850 million and a total mortgage book approaching 
£3,400 million. 

We continue to support the small business sector very 
strongly with total lending approaching £6 billion. Our 
Business Development Loan Scheme continues to be 
popular. In 1985, 43,000 loans were . 
agreed involving over £573 million. T ^ 

Our Capital Loan Srhempj$jrt8^^ 
helps to meet the need 
for venture capital, and 1 11 1 

available through County 1,11 

Bank Development r- 

We are leaders in the 

growing franchise 

market where our 

lending now exceeds £29 million™ 

Our commitment to the agricultural sector is demon- 
strated by our lending which exceeds £13 billion. 

As part of our commitment to provide a high standard 
of service, we are establishing over 100 Corporate Banking 
Centres with expert staff, providing the specialist 
attention - and advice required by our medium and large 
corporate customers. 

s n * t i *j 

As one of the world’s leading international banks, we 
are poised to take full advantage of changing world markets. 

Our controlled and cautious stance on sovereign debt 
has resulted in a relatively low exposure to the major 
problem situations. 

The hallmark ofNatWest remains our ability to 
provide a tailor-made service to our customers and we have 
a relationship with most of the world's top corporate 
Ov // institutions.Wehave 

keynote of our foreign exchange 
and money market operations, with new financial instru- 
ments such as interest/currency rate swaps, options and 
future rate agreements finding favour with our customers. 

For the UK business community, 1985 was a year of 
modest economic improvement We saw continuing 
growth in our lending to all sectors, which at the end of 
1985 exceeded £12 billion. • 

The Chairman, Lord Boardman, comments: 

“Excellent results were again achieved in 198S. 

Wherever we operate, at home and abroad, we are strengthening 
relationships with our customers by adapting our business to meet 

their changing needs. ... 

The world* financial markets are changing rapidly. Competition 
in 1985 remained strong and will intensify in 1986. Deregulation is 
a DOtent catalyst for change. Traditional barriers m the financial 
services sector are being dismantled, and this will have an impact 
both upon the personal and corporate sectors ofour ^ ,ne f 
Technology is speeding the process of change through faster 


On the economic front, the international recovery proved more 
durable than many expected. 1985 was the third consecutive year of 
sustained growth with the United Kingdom economy enjoying faster 
growth than most other major developed countries. 

Yet a number of problems from past years are still unresolved, 
particularly the high unemployment in many countries, the 
international debt situation and the increasing threat of protectionism. 
There have recently been welcome signs orintemational co-operation 
to deal with these issues but much remains to be done before more 

We are proud of the reputation we have earned in 
project finance, and we played a leading role in the 
Channel Tunnel Group, successful contenders to build the 
fixed link across the English Channel. 

In 1985, we expanded our interna tionaJ business to 
meet the growing needs of our customers in the Far East, 
Australia, Canada and Spain. 

Strength in 
Capital Markets 

We are well positioned to exploit the unique 
opportunities which deregulation will bring __ 
to the City of London. We have ^ T J rr , j r r JBM 
formed National Westminster HSISl 

Investment Bank (NWIB) | 

which will combine the : ® S53 f 
merchant banking skills of 1 
County Bank and the 
securities capability' of 
Fielding Newson-Smith ^ 
and County Bisgood. *-J{L 

NWIB will be ^ 

capitalised at £300 
million and will weld 
together the different capital 
markets disciplines into an 
effective and competitive force. 





Action bant. 


Financial Highlights 1985 

Pre-tax profits 

£804 million 

Total assets 

£72,000 million 


£64,800 miUlon 


£53,500 million 

The Annual Report and Accounts 

may be obtained from the Secretary, 

National Westminster Bank PLC 41 Lothbury. London EC2P 2BP. 

We take great pride NatWest aciSWJ 

and pleasure in the way kj— ^4 

we work with and tor the • ‘ 

communities where we %. v 

operate. Our Community ITT 

includes help to 

charities, staff second- / n 

ments and sponsorship. iMpW 
We supported over 5,000 ‘i®. ^7 7 

organisations with more 08 V / 

than £6 million. 

Confidence in 
the Future \ _ 

Looking back over 1985, we derive a great deal of 
satisfaction from the progress and achievements of 
National Westminster Bank Group. 

We have harnessed ihe forces of change to work for 
the Group’s benefit and have laid the foundations for our 
future prosperity. 

We do not underestimate the tasks before us but in 
our traditional strengths, stability and consistency of 
performance, we have the qualities that will enable us to 
seize the opportunities ahead. 

settled trading and banking relationships can be re-established. 

The leading British banks are one of the few sectors of the UK 
economy which face intense world competition and yet at the same 
time rank close to the top of die international league table. In 
achieving this, they contribute very substantially to the nation's 
invisible earnings. 

The rapid changes that are taking place in the financial sector 
make exceptional demands upon those who have to provide a wide 
range of services and quickly adapt to new techniques. Our very 
successful year was made possible by the efforts of our staff and I take 
this opportunity to thank themr 

i pcoj 

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From jour jmfisSo cad chart your 
eight swr price movements. Add them 
up to give you your overall total. Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 
po Wished on this pagt If ii matches yen 
nave won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money staled, if Wa R a 
winner follow ibc rinim pcocet a ae oa the 
bock or your card. Yoo most d*tju tew 
your card available when eta wring . 

Capitalization and week’s change 

ACCOUNT DAYS; Dealings begin today. Dealings end April 1 1.§ Contango Day April 14. Settlement Day, Apnl 21. 

§ Forward Bargains are permitted on two previous days 

© Times Nn . i pa pet sladM 

£ 2,000 ; . 
XZlanas required for 
+41 points 

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fori apart from the cake,there% the icing: 

■! L United Imperial would become an 
.even greater, force in food manufacturing 
■arid leisiiie. (UB : and Imperial are strong 
mdividualfy/Imagme them together) 

2. United Imperial ■would reduce over- 
heads. (Wherever possible duplication 
■w®uld be eliminated. And distrfoution and 

; warehousing would be rationalised.) 

3. United Imperial would develop, 
re-invest, and expand in food and leisure. 

(By definition, a. stronger cash flow 
releases funds.) 

4. United Imperial would open up real 
market opportunities for both companies. 
(Consider the complementary nature 

of their businesses and their sales forces.) 

5. United Imperial would be even more 
innovative. (Bool the ideas of two top 
Research and Development teams, and 

It really should be some get-together. 

the longer you look at n; the more rr makes sense. 

a success: 

United Biscuits. Imperial. 

When everyone has so much 



Edited by Matthew May 


The great data 
date is nigh 

By William Jacot 

There may be more than 250 
shopping days until Christmas 
but there is only little over a 
month left in which to register 
under the Data Protection 

So far about 16,000 systems 
have been entered on the Data 
Protection Register, although 
up to 300.000 computerized 
systems are expected to need 

The sluggish reaction in 
completing the registration 
forms may indicate mm than 
just a widespread lethargy in 
business disciplines. To the 
someoM naming a small busi- 
ness with his or her eyes firmly 
in the foreground, there must 
be much dse of higher priority 
to be done before the May 1 1 

But though there are many 
who say: “Yes. 1 know I will 
have to do something about it 
soon", there are more who still 
do not know of their corporate 
and individual responsibilities 
under the Act Any business 
making use of computer sys- 
tems should assume that the 
Act applies to it until proved 

Larger companies have 
tended to follow the guidelines 
suggested by the 
Registrar.Staff members have 
been appointed to act as 
coordinators for data-protec- 
tion registration and surveys 
have been initiated to exam- 
ine the data being held in 

computer files, to assess the 
needs and contents of such 
data and to define their con- 
tent for the Act 

There are two registration 
forms. Form A describes the 
activities of the company 
being registered and form B 
asks for details of the comput- 
er applications relevant to the 
Act companies have the op- 
tion of filling in more than one 
of each form. 

The decision can be a 
complex matter. A small com- 
pany based in one location 
with one computer most prob- 
ably requires one form A and 
one form B. A larger company 
with more than one location 
with a mushrooming growth 
of micros, might require one 
form A for every location with 
a cluster of form Bs, support- 
ing every form A. 

For the big international 
giant the numbers increase 
accordingly and are relative to 
the complexities of organiza- 
tion and data stage — but here 
another factor 

emerges -Sec lion 21 of the Act 
provides the right of access to 
data stored on computer sys- 
tems by individuals. In conse- 
quence. the systems must be 
so designed and registered that 
access may be possible, practi- 
cable and convenient within 
the time limits set 
This means that a big 
company must have its data 
so organized that the demand 



■ - ACT 1984 ' - 


of a W. J. Smith for informa- 
tion on whether data are held 
referring to him, can be met 
with the minimum disruption 
to the company's operations. 

This is not necessarily a 
simple matter. Files must be 
designed, inquiry facilities 
provided and procedures and 
routines adopted so as to 
enable Mr Smith to be provid- 
ed with both the answer he 
wants and a copy of the 
information held on him. 

He could, of course, make 
his inquiry in Edinburgh of a 
company with branches 
throughout Britain and re- 
quire a data search covering 
the breadth of the land. The 
growing use of network and 
other data communication fa- 
cilities complicates the issue. 

The fact that Section 21 
with its provision for access 
does not come into effect until 
November 1987 should not be 
seen as a comfortable excuse 
for delay. Systems designed 
yesterday and registered today 
will still need to comply in 
1987.The path out of this 
Time is short and the penalties 
for failure to comply with the 
Act are severe. 

The author is chairman of the 
Association of Professional 
Computer Consultants 

The phantom reappears 

The phantom of the computer hacker 
raised its head again last week to cause 
more than mild concern at the Driver 
and Vehicle Licensing Centre in Swan- 
sea. The computer experts at the centre 
who have for long suffered public 
criticism about inefficiencies found 
themselves on the rack again, this time 
not of their making. 

After months of silence the British 
hacker was a principal talking point 
among nervous computer security 

The catalyst to all the debate was an 
allegation in the magazine Business that 
home computer bufts-tumed -backers 
were making thousands of pounds by 
breaching the security of the computer 
in Swansea and erasing the endorse- 
ment points on driving licences. The 
retail price for this service, the magazine 
claimed, was £100 a point so the 
laundering of a licence whose owner had 
reached the limit before being banned — 
12 points — would realize the inventive 
hacker's £1200. 

The Department of Transport imme- 
diately denied the allegations. It assured 
us that the licence computer was not on 
a public network, that it was remotely 
connected to four outside terminals bat 
that these lines were secure and could 
carry instructions out of the computer 
system only - not into it. The Swansea 
computer experts began an investiga- 

Whatever the outcome of the Swan- 
sea investigation, it has focussed atten- 
tion once more on a problem which 
most companies have refused to recog- 
nize as a danger. The growth of the 
microcomputer has stimulated youth to 
dabble in all areas of computers. They 
have written and tested their own 
software, devised new system designs 
and tried to test their ingenuity against 
I companies' computer systems. 

That was the reasoning behind the 
birth of hacking which spread so rapidly 
in the US because of the explosive 
growth of sophisticated home comput- 
ers, accompanying software, modems 
and chcap/ftrc local phone calks. 

However despite the furore which 
arose when the hackers first left: their 
calling cards in the US and later , in 
Britain, little da may was done — 
initially. Breach ofa computer's security 
was embarrassing and provoked British 
Telecom, with the assistance of the 
police, to cry to find the backer alleged 
last year to have penetrated the Presiel 
computer and left a message in an 




By Bill Johnstone 

electronic mail ben allocated to the 
Duke of Edinburgh. That case is due to 
come before the courts in two weeks* 

Tire British police are certainly taking 
a dim view of backing, using every 
method to encourage companies who 
have experienced a breach m computer 
security to report them and to prose- 
cute. The hacker is only one of tire 
culprits who can breach security, in 
many computer frauds an insider is 
involved. That often means that a fraud 
has taken place using the computer as a 
means to obtain goods or money. 

Is the hacker/dishonest employee 
getting more daring and will companies 
reluctantly be forced into prosecution? 
Scare stories abound. A common claim 
is that British companies are losing 
£3.000 million a year through fraudu- 
lent activities. The insurance companies 

which : specialize in . the bonding of 
■ personal and computer systems have 
been coven about the lack of manage- 
ment expertise in. creating secure com- 
puter systems and tire reluctance of the 
same management to prosecute because 
it would be deemed to be an ad m issaon 
of failure. 

The fraudulent misuse of computers 
is now a major criminal activity. In the 
US the FBI has stated that.only one m 
22.000 perpetrators of criminal offences 
with computers is ever prosecuted. . 

There are also those businessmen 
who are aware of the security risks they 
are running but seem prepared to take 
their chances and insure against elec- 
tronic burglary instead of making the 

That back door is about to be dosed. 
Insurance companies are now demand- 
ing a minimum, though high.' level " f 
security or they load the policy. 

What the last week's discussion on 
computer security did highlight was that 
the backer, inside or outside, wa s no w 
prepared to take risks for commercial 

A recent example in the US illustrates 
the trend-Computer experts from tire 
police and US Secret Service had to uy 
to discover how seven schoolboy hack- 
ers found out secret Pentagon phone 
codes. The boys were also able to obtain 
computer codes that could be used to 
interfere with communications 

They were arrested and charged in 
New Jersey with 1 using their borne 
computers to swap information about 
stolen credit card numbers and ways of 
making free international phone calls. 
The police seized the boys' computers 
and made a detailed search of the 
programme and memories. 

BT opts 
for a US 


on IBM 

By Martin Banks 

Many people are waiting to 
see what will happen now that 
IBM las announced its local 
area network technology. 'Not 
least among these are the 
.many hundreds of small to 
medium-size companies that 
.own a few personal computers 
and are wondering how to 
connect them. 

The freed to link them is, ax 
fece value, selfcvidem. An 
individual personal computer 
can be an extremely useful 
office tool but, in an increas- 
ing number of cases, there is 
more than one machine being 
used. When this happens, it is 
often ideal that the different 
computers should talk to one 

As many companies have 
found to their cost, this is not 
as simple as it sounds. Simply 
connecting computers togeth- 
er with cables is no solution — 
what is required is a properly 
organized and controlled com- 
munications system that will 
accommodate tire existing 
personal computers and. more 
importantly, any additional 
computers that may be 

It is these schemes that have 
been christened local area 
networks. * 

The observant will notice 
that the plural has been used 
here, and for a very specific 
reason. There are many 

On a Wang network, every desktop 
terminal can pick up the latest. 

Wang networking integrates data 
processing and office automation, so any- 
one who needs them has access, anywhere 
in your organisation. 

And our sophisticated range of net- 
working products can link many other 
systems to ours. Which has got everyone 

It's the most cost effecri veand efficient the address below. We can tell you all about 
way of working, especially now that tele- the advantages of working with Wang, 
communications costs are soaring. If you haven't heard already. 

We've got a solution for your office 
cabling problems too. 

Its called WangNet and it's probably 
the most sophisticated broadband local 
area network available today. {There’s even 
a version you can install yourself.) 

So call us on 01-568 4444 or write to 

Plea*? send me full details on WangComputer Systems. 


Posirin n . _ 

C ompa ny _____ 

Address - 

-Tel No., 

To J-innvIlmlnm ftanj..! ki I imiird Ml London Road. Mnonh. 
■Muldlin* TWT -ir.H Telephone Ol ShS J4J4 felc\ 895JUI 





By Frank Brovta 

British Telecom fa to compete 
in the potentially lucrative 
international market for opto- 
electronic components and de- 
j vices used in optical fixe 

and ntW 

tareas of electronics — but in 
[partnership with an American 

, Together with (he US fadns- 
i trial conglomerate Do Font, it 
is forming a joint venture 
company, BT and D Technol- 
ogies, in the UK to develop, 
manufacture and market opto- 
electronic products. Optical 
fibres are destined to replace 
copper wires and cables as the 
means of trans mittin g cominn- 
nkations and other electronic 

The market potential for 
optical fibre components 
worldwide fa potentially enor- 
mous. Currently £35® million, 
It is expected to grow 30 per 
cent annually to more than £4 
billion within 10 years. 

Production win start next 
year and create ISO jobs by the 
end of 1087. 

Initially BT A D 
Technology's two main mar- 
kets will be the US aad the 
UK. Customers wfD include 
mamriactnrero of fibre optic 
communication systems for 
public telephone, cable tdevi- 
sioa and data services net- 
works. It will also be a 
supplier to British Telecom 
which bs in the process of 
converting Its nationwide 
trank network to optical fibre. 

Another potentially large 
market win be industrial con- 
trol where fibre optics offers 
the advantage of inunmity 
from electrical interference 
ami an ability to operate in 
hazardous ureas cost 

Da Font is a diversified 
chemical, energy and special- 
ity prod net company whose 
total sales exceeded £21 bil- 
lion in 1985 - almost three 
times that of British Telecom. 
The BT & D deal is one of a 
somber of international joint 
ventures in electronics Du 
Post faaa undertakes in recent 
years, imd fa part of a strategy 
by which the American com- 
pany hopes to boost its elec- 
tronic sales from £700 million 
last year to £2 billion by 1990. 

Differences in 
the software 

methods of producing' a' 
'local area network, and by and 
large they are a R mutually 

There are di fferences m the 
physical implementation in 
many cases and even where 
the implementation is the 
same, there are often. differ- 
ences in the software. 

The one significant advan- 
tage to users that comes from 
the IBM ring network scheme 
is the feci that it will be made 
by the largest computer com- 
pany in the world, which has 
the potential to give custom- 
ers the one thing they all want 
in' networking — 

Such a . standard means the 
u&£s do hot have .to under- 
stand the reason for their 
choice of network; they make 
it because it is the standard 

In much the same way, 
everyone buys a television set 
which works with BBC and 
ITV transmissions. 

There is no direct criticism 
of other individual 
networking schemes here. It is 
just that they are all different, 
both from one another and 

As with language, therefore, 
standardization in communi- 
cation is important to com- 
puters. Everyone using the 
IBM network implementation 
goes a long way towards 
getting everybody speaking 
the same language. The rest of 
the way will be delivered by 
the software and used on the 

To an increasingextent a de 
facto standard seems to be 
appearing in the shape of the 
Novell Netware product It is 
to be noted, for example, that 
IBM itself has endorsed 
Netware on the PC family. , 
The announcement of the 
IBM ring has not, so far, 
created a major jump in the 
purchase of personal comput- 
ers. For a start, the circuits 
which go to make up tire new 
network are only just being 
produced by Texas Instru- 

The computer manufactur- 
ers themselves, including 
IBM, have got to play around 
a little to find out how best to 
work with them. It will be the 
second half of this year before 
woTki ng systems appear in any 

OK for desk-top links 

By Geof Wheelwright 
IBM finally gave its stamp of 
approval last week to the 
growing market for products 
that 'link desk-top personal 
computers and large main- 
frame computer installations. 

IBM has reached agreement 
with Dallas-based Sterling 
Software to sell a series of 
products which allow corpo- 
rate computer users to transfer 
information from mainframe 
computer database systems in 
to popular microcomputer 
sotware products such as Lo- 
tus 1-2-3 and dBase II. The 
software was originally devel- 
oped by the London-based 
Informatics General Corpora- 
tion. which was recently ac- 
quired by Sterling. 

The moves brings together, 
technologies which IBM has 
long kept relatively separate, 
and could bring about a new 
boost to the sales of micros. 
With IBM backing systems 
which allow the easy exchange 
of information between its 
large and smallcomputer sys- 
tems, many large companies 
can now consider more wide- 
spread use of micros as termi- 
nals to their mainframe 


The move comes at a time 
when IBM is talking more 
about “workstaiions'*than 
PCs, indicating a move to 
bring the PC firmly into the 
traditional data-processing 
arena. The integration of these 
computer technologies could 
become crucial as IBM fights 
back against increasingly, pop- 
ular. compatible computers 
from machines such as 
Olivetti and Compaq and 
IBM finds itself feeing felling 
sales levels on its basic PC 
ranges of computers. 










From Dean Morphy 
in Los Anodes 

When a member ofhi$ congre- 
gation died recently' Rever- 
end Barton Schaefer of the 
United Methodist Chun* in 
Wilhamsbuig, Pa., was able to 
tap into his church computer 
and pull out a prepared obitu- 
ary, for the local newspaper 
and information on the man's 
win, safety deposit box and 
memorial wishes. 

bi Rochester, N.Y., when 
Lowell Fewster sat down sev- 
eral months ago to prepare a 
sermon for Gates Presbyterian 
Church, be pulled several 
ideas from his Sermon Idea 
computer disc and composed 
the homily on his word pro- 
cessor and even added 'a few 
last-minute thoughts on a 
Sunday morning. 

For six years Revd Curtis S. 
Ackley of the United Church 
of Christ in Linfidd, Pa., met 
other pastors from his area 
and a psychologist who spe- 
cializes in community mental 
health weekly. But in an effort 
to widen the exchange of 
view, Revd Ackley now 
meets through a telecom- 
munications network that al- 
lows pastors far from Linfidd 
to join the conferences by 
using their home or church 

The clergymen, and about 


Steetwn JoftrtWA 




mm mm 

350 others who gathered in 
Los Angeles over the -week- 
end, are evidence that the 
nation’s religious co mmuni ty 
is turning more and more to 
computer technology in orga- 
nizing their churches and 
parishes — and, ultimately, in 
spreading the word of God. 

The move toward hi-tech 
religion, signaled by the use of 
computers in every thing from 
Bible games dunng Sunday 
school to swift communica- 
tion between parishes and 
their national headquarters 
during a crisis, was described 
by one theologian as a revolu- 
tion in organized religion 
comparable to the advent of 
the printed Bible four centu- 
ries ago. 

. “With; the computer you 
can have all kinds of pastoral 
relationships where geography 
doesn’t place any limits,” 
David Lochhead, professor at 
Vancouver School of Theol- 
ogy at the University of 
British Columbia, said. “You 
can also do a lot of immediate 

conferencing with other peo- 
ple with the same interests or 
needs, without any reference 
to tune.'’ 

The clergymen and church 
leaders met at the _ Hyatt 
Airport Hotel for a three-day 
conference on computer appli- 
cations for the ministry, which 
included workshops on how 
computers work, how to ac- 
quire and use a computer 
system, what software to buy 
and how-to tap into various 
ch urch-sponso red telecom- 
munication networks that 
stretch from coast to coast. 

Hie conference was spon- 
sored by the Joint Straiegyand 
Action Committee, a New 
York-based non-profit corpo- 
ration that works to foster co- 
operation. between dozens of 
denominations and religious 
organizations. The executive 
director John C. DeBoer said . 
the know-how gleaned from 
the conference, the first held 
by the group, - will help 
churches across the country 
save money by learning about 

software programs and sys- 
tems that other congregations 
lave developed. 

As pan of the conference 
the committee gave out 
awards for the most imagina- 
tive use of computer systems 
in churches. Among the win- 
ners was the US Presbyterian 
Synod of Southern California 
and Hawaii, which for the past 
two years has used computers 
to study demographic charac- 
teristics and family profiles 

Manufacturers and distrib- 
utors of computer software 
designed specifically for 
churches also were on hand. 
“People drop out of church a 
lot of times because they are 
not being cared for properly,” 
said Eugene Boivin of Com- 
puter Paradigm, a Los Angeles 
company that offers a software 
package for churches for 
$ 1 , 295 . “With our software 
you can keep track of every- 
thing - including what bugs 
people. For example, don't 
bug him about money' or he 
will stop giving to the church." 

The way to stay ahead in the City 

By Edward Fennell 
The sensational salaries being 
offered to top financial and 
commodity dealers in the run- 
up to the Big Bang has 
obscured the race.' by Gty 
institutions to recruit high 
quality computing profession- 
als to manage their informa- 
tion technology. 

But in the long-term . the 
process of deregulation may 
be remembered more for its 
impact on investment in in- . 
formation technology than for 
its payments of king's 


ransoms tio sharp-witted 
youths. As John -Skenitl, the 
partner in dtaxge.of banking 
consultancy at Arthur Ander- - 
sen, said recently: '“Bankere 
have finally recognized that 
the use of information, tech- 
nology is integral to their 
business. In the past the 
purchase of computing sys- 
tems has just been nodded 
through. Now it is attracting a 
great deal of interest from foe 
most senior people.” 

The explanation is simple; 
As the pace of deaiira acceler- 
ates ana foe scale ofbusiness 
expands, information technol- 
ogy is the only means avail- 
able to keep track of what is 
happening. But . foe invest- 
ment that wiB be needed in 
telecommunications, office 
automation, anddecisioB sup- ‘ 

Data is needed fast in the dealing offices of the City 

port systems will befantasti- 
. ca&y expensive. • 

-y - .There wflFafco be a Ytronfe 
incentive to keep bn buying 
J . foe' latest, and therefore least 
proven, systems because of 
their promise to give .a com- 
petitive advantage in razor- 
sharp markets. Failure to keep 
. up with technology could 
leave ? dealer invitingly vul- 
nerable, but investment in a 
wrong system would be equal- 
ly damaging. 

. ■ As aresult it will be vftal for 
hanks and institutions to bring 
into their teams foe top com- 
puting professionals to ensure 
they install systems that do the 
job property. . 

Unfortunately, there is little 
tradition in the City for foe- 
technical computing people in 

the back office to have much 
understanding of the Jbont. 
office business and functional 
skills of the -traders, In .many 
cases therehasbeen socialand 
cultural apartheid as foe 
swashbudding traders and 
techm rally-absorbed comput- 
ing staff preferred to remain 
remote from each other. 

Mr Skenitt believes this is 
certain to change. "The tech- 
nical people are going to have 
to come out of the back rooms 
and work in the front rooms, 
along with dealers in order to 
be able to provide detailed 
advice on the systems,” he 
says. "To do that effectively,' 
however, they will need to 
acquire a much better under- 
standing ofbusiness skills.” 

For foe right people salaries 

are now rising sharply. Good 
telecommunications experi- 
ence or computing science 
with strong mathematical 
background is what the City is 
keen to recruit. But above all 
they also need people with 
financial acumen — and that' s 
where the problems are aris- 
ing. The general feeling is that 
the institutions' attempts to 
attract people with knowledge 
of both the systems and, 
finance have been 

Yet with new products ap- 
pearing on the market almost 
every day it is vital for the 
institutions to be in a contin- 
ual state of technological inno- 
vation in order to keep up 
with the Japanese and 

Even more than office auto- 
mation and telecommunica- 
tions, the field that may be 
transformed most radically by 
deregulation is dealing which, 
until recently, has been entire- 
ly a matter of instinct and feel 
for the market. But in certain 
quarters it is predicted confi- 
dently that artificial intelli- 
gence will soon have a major 
impact on dealing. 

Once that happens the as- > 
cendency of the financially 
informed technocrat will be 
assured. Whether in a consul- 
tancy capacity, in a software 
house, or on foe staff of banks 
and brokers, foe Gty of 
London needs top calibre 
computer executives if it is to 
retain its pre-eminence . 

up the 
of Bach 

By Nicholas Soames 

Despite a reputation for being 
reluctant to acknowledge foe 
20th century, the world of 
classical music is today mak- 
ing overtures to the age of 
electronic mail by opening its 
own user group within British 
Telecom's Telecom Gold. 

Called Anslink, it is the 
brainchild of the general man- 
ager of foe European Commu- 
nity Chamber Orchestra, 
Ambrose Miller, who believes 
that electronic mail could 
prove a major benefit to foe 
worlds of the theatre and 
classical music. 

Artslink will, says Mr 
Miller, be able to provide a 
communications medium be- 
tween orchestras, agents and 

It will be linked by a 
database packed with crucial 
information about which art- 
ist is handled by which agent, 
as well as availability and 
other information. 

He envisages other services 
such as an electronic newspa- 
per with information on the 
latest changes in orchestras, or 
new contracts signed with 
record companies, and win- 
ners of the big competitions. 

Some 30 organisations and 
individuals have subscribed 
so for, ranging from the Scot- 
tish National Orchestra and 
the Wurttemberg Chamber 
Orchestra to Sadler’s Wells 
Theatre, Classical Music mag- 
azine. leading concert agents 
and Hyperion Records. 

“We think it could make a 
substantial difference to the 
industry,” said Mr Miller, 
“The direct communication 
between agents, orchestras 
and venues means that com- i 
plex schedules can be sent, 
and confirmation of bookings 
made within minutes, instead 
of waiting for the post when 
you are on lour." 

Mr Miller proved the effica- 
cy of the electronic mail 
system when on tour recently 
in France, by sorting out 
problems that had arisen on 
the timetabling of a future 
tour in Germany — all through 
his portable computer and 

Sadler's Wells Theatre and 
foe Scottish Chamber Orches- 
tra have joined because they 
see Artslink, with a standing 
charge from £5 a month, as a 
considerably cheaper alterna- 
tive to the £1,500 annual telex 
rental charge. 

This alone, feds Mr Miller, 
will attract the small 
organisations, such as provin- 
cial arts centres or small-scale 
agents; only later will the 
benefits of the database be- 
come dear. 

With 30 subscribers ready 
to logon today and another 30 . 
investing in their equipment, 
Mr Miller admits that he will 
be a disappointed man if the 
number of subscribers does 
not top 100 within a matter of 
months. Only a minority do 
not want to enter the electron- 
ic age. 

A boost for electro-mail 

■ Today British Telecom Is 
increasing the price of - • 
tel ernes sages, the modem - 
replacement of foe 

le leg ram .from £3.50 to £4 
for up to 50 words, jt is likely to 
give a further fBBp to the 
etectrortonmail services, which 
can provide a similar, 
service for far less. 

Microlink, an electronic t 
messaging service, says for 
example, that Its service 
costs £1 .45 for 350 words. 
Subscribers typ8 out the 
message on tnetr computers 
and then transmit it to 
Microlinks 's central computer. 
Those sent by micro before 

8 pm ensure delivery by first 
post the next morning. 

■ The European 
Investment Bank is to lend 
Philips 80 million European 
Currency Units fabout £51 



minion) tor a big investment 

programme into sub-mteran 

technology, used inthe 
production of the next 
generation of integrated 
circufts. The program is to be 
carried out by Pnflips and 
Siemens of West Germany. 
The first type of integrated 
circuits in this generation will 
be a semiconductor static 
memory with a storage 
capacity of a million bits, 
one megabit a chip, to be 
placed on the market in 
1 989. One of the bank’s main 
objectives Is to jnromote the 

development of modem 
technology to strengthen 
west European, 

■ Embarrass sed Israeli 
officials said last week they are 
invest) oatinq how a dark 

Specialist systems that 
purport to know all 

computer and altered the text 
of a speech he was due to 

Oma Kortansky, 27, told the 
Israeli newspaper Hadashot 
that she and others rewrote 
parts of the speech as a lake. 

IBM AT/E 20mb, £3200! 

IBM Personal Computer AT/E , 5i2k memory, 
with IBM 20 mb hard dSfe, L2mb floppy 
monochrome monitor, dock, se ^ P*™” 
interfaces, UKkeyboar^mM^.diagUOStiCs. 

K . , 

Special discounts on EBM Quietwriter, 


Jpy WrigteAir 

an: 3 new models! 


Compaq PoAfole U now availaUe m3 
versions: fighter, snudler- 

keyboard. **'""**>•— 

expandable to 4.1 ®egab£» ■■■■■■I 

lOrab hard Compaq Portable. 

Prices reduced thi* by in stock- 

1 1 ;«o se*, 

impression that Shamir, a 
riaht-wi ng nationalist, 
wanted to weaken his own 
Likud bloc. Aides 
discovered the changes 
minutes before Shamir was 
due to deliver the speech. 

■ The future of videotex! 
and electronic newspapers, 
looks uncertain at best in 

. the US after the decision by 
two of the biggest 
newspaper chains to drop their 
experiments in the field. 

Times Mirror Company and 
Knight-Bidder, two 
videotex* pioneers, have both 
announced they are pulling 
out because of lack of demand 
from consumers. A 
reassessment of the Industry 
now seems imminent Five 
years- ago, some media 
observers predicted the 
printed page eventually would 
give way to electronic 

newspapers -foe home 
delivery of news and 
information on computer or 
television screeens. 

■ John Akers, president 
and chief executive of IBM. is 
also to become chairman of 
the company from June 1 . 

■ Apple Computer has 

announced that second- _ 
quarter profits should be 
about £32 mHHon - over three 
times that tor foe same 
quarter last year. According to 
Apple’s chairmanrJohn — • ’ 

Sculley, foe company’s gross 
margins wiUdlmb to record 
levels for the quarter. In a 
separate speech, Mr 
Scufley said that Apple was 
preparing for a ’‘giant leap 

In technology that would tetri 
build desk-top computers 
many times more powerful 
than today's biggest 

By Russell Jones 
Commercial implementations 
of personal computer-based 
expert systems — programs 
that purport to give the same 
type of advice as a human 
expert might — are beginning 
to arrive in numbers. 

The replaced human expert 
could be an accountant an 
neer or anyone with a 

that ran be formalized into a 
“knowledge base.” 

An expert system attempts 
to mimic foe thought process- 
es and actions of h uman 
experts. In foe same way as a 
human expert asks questions 
and gives answers inferred 
from the evidence and previ- 
ous experience available to 
him or her, so an expert 
system also engages in a 
dialogue with the user in order 
to determine the correct ad- 
vice to give. 

Human experts can, usual- 
ly, explain their reasoning and 
justify advice and conclu- 
sions. And in the same way, an 
expert system should also be 
able to justify its conclusions, 
keeping all of its information 
or knowledge in a form that 
can be used for explanatory 

. The basic units of knowl- 
edge within' an expert system 
are usually called rules and 

It is these rules and facts 
that constitute the expert 
system's knowledge base. 
They attempt to emulate the 
accumulated knowledge an 
accountant may . possess 
about, for example, the vaga- 
ries of company tax law. 

Expert systems are usually 
-developed in two parts, foe 
knowledge base and foe rea- 
soning program that works on 
this knowledge. 

This reasoning program is 
often called an inference en- 
gine. It is the brain of. foe 
system minus any expertise or 
knowledge. It corresponds to 
foe : logic and reasoning our 

expert accountant might apply 
in dealing with tax matters. 

This concept of expert sys- 
tems is hardly new. The first 
expert system was developed 
as long ago as 196S. Since then 
expert system techniques have 
been further developed, re- 
fined and applied to a wide 
variety of applications in such 
diverse fields as finance, law, 

iiiKmiiK iHiiitnr- 

fence and oil and gas 

The past 12 months have 
seen foe first trickle of expert 
systems for personal comput- 
ers except foal some of these 
are not quite expert systems as 
such. Rather, they are expert 
system shells - programs that 
can be used to develop expert 

Expertech has come up with 
an expert adviser on foe 
ramifications of statutory sick 
pay legislation; Intelligent En- 
vironments has produced a 
topical guide to foe Data 
Protection Act; and Helix is 
using a system to screen 

possible job applicants. 

It gives a good idea of the 
potential of personal comput- 
er-based expert systems. It 
guides a secretary through the 
information on a curriculum 
vitae and its accompanying 

This is designed to help 
speed up the process of decid- 
ing, from the CV, those appli- 
cants who possess the 
1 necessary qualifications to 
warrant further detailed study 
allowing relatively junior staff 
to perform foe first screening. 

The objective criteria in- 
clude levels of education and 
work experience. Where a 
criterion is not satisfied the 
programme moves to an alter- 
native that may compensate 
for the lack of foe first 

Once the objective criteria 
have been analysed, the sub- 
jective criteria are applied. 
Thcse include the way in 
which a covering letter is 


We are inviting applications for two new posts in our 
team of solicitors acting on behalf of regional and district 
health authorities. 

The work is interesting and rewarding and involves pa- 
tient claims, employment cases, staff claims, some 
commercial work and (occasionally) major enquiries or 
administrative law cases. 

The practice encourages original research and the oppor- 
tunity exists to specialise in one or other of the above 
fields. The professional and financial rewards are 

The vacancies are as follows:- 

Senior solicitor 

This post would suit someone of partnership calibre with 
a good academic record and three to five years qualified 
experience in the field, or a proven record of success with 
a major firm. 

Assistant solicitor 

This post would suit someone with experience in the 
field, or a recently qualified solicitor with ability and 
sound experience of personal injury work wishing to 
make a career in the medico-legal field. 

Please reply with fall CV to Mrs J. Hazan, 2 Duke 
Street, St. James’s, London -SW1Y 6BJ. Telephone: 
01-930 2366 


Alexander Farr & Son. 

^ ' • 

Head of Probate / Tax Planning 

£18.500 +car 

We are old established, but forward thinking. Our business is 
broadly based, and growing. We are located in pleasant 
Bedfordshire/Cambriageshire, but only 45 minutes from 
London. We want to expand our probate/capital tax 

We need someone with: 

★ the ambition to become a Partner. 

★ the ability to deal with commercial and agricultural clients. 

★ the drive and flair to make a positive contribution. 

★ a good knowledge of taxation. 

If our needs match up to. your expectations ring}' or write; 

. Anthony Abrahams (0234) 32845 

'• . •; Alexander Farr '& Son''. 

9 St Pauls Square Bedford MK40 r l,SN/^ ; '^r- : ^ 

Constant & Constant 

Assistant Solicitors 

We are looking for able and experienced Assistants to join our expanding 
Company and Commercial Department in foe following fields: 


Candidates, who may be qualified as a Solicitor or Barrister, 
should already be familiar with private and company work. Some 
knowledge of the financial markets would be an advantage. 


Candidates, who may be qualified as a Solicitor or Barrister or 
have other relevant experience in all aspects of taxation, should 
have the ability to undertake responsibility in advising overseas 
and resident clients on personal and corporate tax planning. 
Please reply with C.V. to J. W. Ecclestone, Constant & Constant, 9 St. 
Helen's Place, London EC3A 6DD. 


An excellent opportunity exists for an able and energetic solicitor to join 
our contentious commercial section, to undertake heavy civil litigation 
and arbitration. Experience in. or willingness to learn, construction and 
civil engineering law, would be an advantage. 

We arc a long-established Northern firm with a major involvement in 
company and commercial work of all kinds. 

Good working conditions with good electronic support provided in our 
city centre office; competitive salary; and substantial long-term 

Apply with curriculum vitae to R L Langley. Watson Burton Cooper and 
Jackson. 20 Collingwood Street, Newcastle Upon Tyne. NEi 1LB (tele- 
phone 0632 323100 

Required for leading 

Ship Owners’ Protection & Indemnity Club 

Opportunities exist in our claims department for young lawyers; with a 
background in shipping or general commetrial/civil law who wish to 
move from the professions into a challenging commercial enviromenL 

There are excellent career prospects for the successful candidates. Please 
reply with CV to BOX E58. 




require person admitted far 

£ 12,000 

An opportunity has arisen to join the UK Sys- 
tems Recruitment Division of a major 
worldwide recruitment organisation. 

Ideally, you’ll be an experienced D.P. Consul- 
tant with the technical awareness and 
interpersonal talent to co-ordinate the replace- 
ment of D.P. staff with employers throughout 
foe UK. 

We offer you genuine scope along with extreme- 
ly attractive bonus earnings. 

Please send your CV (in confidence) to: 

Martin Howard 
Computer Appointments 
115 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London WC2H SAD 

at lent tiuw yeare to eoncen- 
Lrete on end further develop a 
small litigation department 
already in existence. AD as- 
pect* of the work are covered 
with particular reference u> 
matrimonial work and adro- ' 
caey. It ii hoped the 
successful applicant will be 
able to greatly increase the 
amount of crime dealt with 
and hopefully will through 
his/her personality. incHase 
the department suhiiantiaUy. 
Unlimited prospects for the 
right applicant- 

Please apply BOX B®. 

Well nlaDiished firm with 
busy general practice re- 
quires young 1 MUIuartasnc 
Assistant Solicitor. Of one 
awaiting admission, for 
mainly Probate. LittgaUon 
and some conveyancing 
wort. Pleas* apply m writ- 
ing with lull CV to Scott 
Richards. * Co- Queen's 
Chambers. TWrunoulA. 
Devon. TO 1< BHJ 

nr. i Tine 

si peopf 

ie es id I 




Stanch Crown Prosecutor 

A Critical Role in Criminal Advocacy— Surrey 

1 986 sees the introduction of the Crown 
Prosecution Service which will assume 
responsibility for the conduct of all criminal 
proceedings instituted on behalf of the 
police, save for some minor offences. 

As Branch Crown Prosecutor 
(Guildford ), you will be responsible for the 
entire portfolio of cases in the Surrey 
branch area and overall management of its 

Besides this supervisory role, you will be 
called upon to liaise with police and courts 
over operational matters. 

In your management role, you will sit on 
the area management team and attend 
court in your capacity as an advocate. 

You will be a banister or solicitor with 
extensive legal experience contributing to a 

sound knowledge of criminal law. As a 
competent advocate, you will be able to 
demonstrate good judgment Good 
management skills and staff motivation will 
add to your potential as a resource 

Salary: ( under review) starting at 
£20,960 rises to £25.530. 

For further details and an application 
form (to be returned by 25 April 19S6) 
write to Civil Service Commission, Alencon 
Link. Basingstoke, Hants RG21 1JB, or 
telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 
(answering service operates outside office 
hours). Please quote ref: G/6841. 

The Civil Service Is an equal 
opportunity employer 





To assist in the continued expansion of this side There are two vacancies; one for a person 

of our practice we are looking for lawyers for recently qualified or about to qualify wishing to 
international banking and general financial work, specialise in this area, the other for a solicitor 
with an emphasis on loan, lease and other with two or three years relevant experience. 

financing for ships, aircraft and other assets and Applicants should have a good academic record 
general corporate and contractual matters on<f the necessory enthusiasm to handle a 

relating to the shipping, aviation and oil and gas demanding but stimulating workload. 

exploration industries. ^ generous salary will be paid to reflect age and 


please apply with Curriculum Vitae to: 

Geoffrey Williams, WATSON, FARLEY & WILLIAMS, Navigation House, 
One Aldgate, London EC3N 1AA, (Tel: 01-481 1000) 

Herbert Smith & Co. is one of the leading City firms of 
solicitors specialising in a wide range of company and commerciai 
work. Our clients include public and private companies. City 
institutions, sovereign states and government agencies. 

In recent years, the firm has grown substantially. To sustain 
this growth, our Company Department is looking for able and 
energetic solicitors with good academic records, preferably with 
some qualified experience. 

The rewards, professionally and financially, are attractive. 
Applications with full personal and professional details 
should be sent to Mrs. E. R. Trew, Personnel Manager 

Herbert Smith & Cq 

Watling House, 35-37 Cannon Street, 

London EC4M 5SD. 

Overseas Offices! New York, Hong Kong and Paris. 

Gabrid Duffy Consultancy 


£Higfily competitive 

Our dents, a metfium sized International practice, are seeking 
an energetic Solicitor to work in their busy Paris (Ace. The 
caseksd win consist at artrirabon. litigator and commercial 
matters with an International flavour. 

An idea) opportunity lor a young, recently quafifled Lawyer who 
»11 enjoy working wfth an interesting and highly motivated 

Claire Wiseman - Legal Division. 

Gabriel Duffy House, 17 St Swrthins Lane. 
Cannon Street, London EC4M SAL 
Tel: 01.623 4295 

vest romuMKC soucuon room advocate /utka- 

nred voting Irgal W W W aB TOR for Hams /Sumy border*, 
suits £10.000 Won Coma- Good protpecw £ 12.800 W* 
cants 0936 25183. an ConsuUante 09136 26183. 


A broad-ranging role with a 
Major UK Chemical Company 

The Associated Octel Company one of fttainfs most 
successful diemial companies and a major exporter, is a truly 
international organisation, awing a wide range of business, 
and now extenefing aid diversifying is activities further. 

Wife are now tooting to appairoSotictorrojoinasTOlL 
qualified legal team wahin the Company Seaway's 
Department at our Head Office in Berkeley Square, tendon, 
ft’s an interesting broadly based rote in which you may be 
involved with any aspect of the company’s operations. 

Ibu should be a Solicitor, probably agwl 3040. with 
experience both in private practice and in an industrial! 
commercial environment, which has enabled you to acquire 
a sound grasp of corporate affairs and commercial contracts. 
Experience in finance, or a professional qualification therein, 
would bean advantage. 

Salary will be negotiable according to qualifications and 
experience and will be supplemented by a company benefits 
package including pension scheme and BUfA. Relocation 
expenses will tie available, if applicable. 

Please write, enclosing a c o mpre h en d s cat. to 
Mrs GJVL Smith. Staff Recruitment Office*. 

The Ass oc iated Octel Company UntftecLPO Box 17, 
EKesmere Port, South WtrraLL65 4HF. 



£13,000 pa 

Cableand Wireless, trie worldwide 
telecommunications company, wish to 
fill a vacancy in the legal division of the 
Group’s Company Secretary's Office in 
Central London. 

In support of the Group’s major role, 
the operation and provision of 
telecommunications systems and 
services, your duties would include 
drafting, and assisting the negotiation 
of commercial agreements and 
telecommunications licences; the 
creation, acquisition and disposal of 
corporations: obtaining and providing 
legal advice (including advice in 
connection with litigation): protecting 
the Group's intellectual property ana 
related tasks. You will need to 
communicate effectively with solicitors 
and other professional advisers, with 
customersand with other tele- 
communications service providers. 
Ideally you should be in your mid to late 
twenties, having obtained both a law 

Central London 

degree and more than a little practical 
experience in a commercial 
environment A relevant professional 
qualification would be an advantage. In 
addition you must be able and prepared 
to travel on company business 
anywhere in the world at any time. 

We offer a salary of £13,000 pa, plus 
excellent staff benefits, including: 

• Flexible working hours 
•22 working days holiday 

• Subsidised restaurant 

• Interest free season ticket loan 

• Subsidised sports and soda] 

• Share option scheme 

Please write with full career details, 
quoting ref: 547/T, to: 

Recruitment Manager, 

Cableand Wireless pic, Mercury House, 
Theobalds Road, London WC1X8RX, 
or telephone for an application form on 


c. £40,000 (tax free) 

One of the largest private groups in Saudi 
Arabia, active in commercial, industrial, 
contracting, servicing and engineering 
projects, and with major European/US 
international companies amongst our 
partners, we are looking for a Leg a Advisor 
for our Corporate Office situated in Jeddah. 

The function of this position if to advise and 
assist senior management, to take full 
responsibility for legal affairs of Corporate 
Office, Branches and Subsidiaries and to act 
as Company Secretary for Group 
Companies. The successful candidate, 
probably between 28 and 35, commercially 
minded and used to operating at board level, 
will have not less than 5 years relevant 
experience in industry or with a City law 

Salary will be commensurate with 
experience. Additional benefits include free 
fully furnished accommodation and 
transport allowance. 

Applicants should forward full C.V. with 
salary details to: 

Enpro Business Representatives Limited, 7 
Old Park Lane, Mayfair. London W1Y 3LJ. 


A Conveyancing Solicitor with sufficient 
knowledge and experience to run a 
substaniai department is required by this 
city practice. 

We offer a good salary, car and superi) 
partnership prospects. 

Please write to:- 

Hr.G.N. Gibbons, 
Rowleys A Blewfltts, 
Kennedy Tower, 

St. Chads Queensway, 
Birmingham B4 6JG. 

I.D.S. Employment Law 


Opportunity -for a Iwayer to join a - team 
researching and writing on Employment Law for 
a major fortnightly journal used by peraohneT 
officers ?nri lawyers. Applicants must- be 
- professionally qualified, and as. graduates they 
should have studied Employment Law as a 

Starting salary not less than £9,145 per annum, 
•plus 5 weeks holiday. 

Apply in writing giving Ml Mafo «f 
education and ca r e e r to date to: It E. 
Arnold, I nc o met Data Servkaa Ltd., 193 
SL Mm Street, Leaden EClV 4LS. 

Helps the world communicate 


* Banking * Taxation * 

Our International Finance Department is seeking a number of additional 
solicitors or barristers to service and promote its expanding client base. 

Candidates with up to 4 years post-qualification experience and a first 
class professional background and academic record are invited to 
apply to join a hard working but friendly department in this International 
25 Partner City practice. Successful applicants will be offered a wide 
variety of finance work with the opportunity to specialise in one or more 

of the above areas. 

These vacancies are in our London office but opportunities frequently 
arise for assistants to work in one of our Far East offices. 

Please write in the first instance to: 

Mr. J. Ritchie, 

Sinclair Roche & Temperley, 

Stone House, 128-140 Bishopsgate, 

London EC2M 4JP. 



With over 205,000 efients this could be 
your most challenging move 

flarrow is known as a progressive and responsible Borough, largely 
residential with a population of over 205,000. Our legal department 
is a very busy one with a young, yet highly professional team working 
on a wide range of challenging legal matters. 

At present we need an enthusiastic Assistant Solicitor 
If you are interested in local government, are newly qualified (everr 
better if you have some experience in this area), this could be the 
ideal opportunity for you to join our lively and interesting department, 
to work mainly on conveyancing (Housing, Landlord and Tenant and . 
Commercial) with some Planning involvement We are committed to. 
training and new technology ana can offer you excellent -and varied- 
experience plus solid career progression. 

There is a salary of £71,973 to £12,861 plus benefits and beingan equal 
opportunity employer we welcome all applications. 

To find out morecontact Sue McKenna or Roger Marine on 01-863 5611, 
ext 2280 or 2260, or write to the.Director of Law and Administration, 
London Borough of Harrow, P.O. Box 2, Civic Centre, Station Road, 
Harrow, Middlesex, HA1 2UH. 

Gosing date:' 23rd April, 1986. 

Harrow (LogaQ 

an equal opporturaty employer 

or Solicitor 

The Genera] Electric Company pic has a first class opportunity for 
a lawyerto join a small team at Head Office in London, responsible 
to the Director of Contracts. 

Applicants should be competent toadvise senior management In 
GEC units on the legal aspects of the varied forms of contracte and 
othercommercial agreements with which they are concerned. 

They should also be able to participate with unit managements in 
commercial negotiations with customers both in toe UK and 

Experience of contractual and commercial work in the engineering 
industry with p articular emphasis on the contractual aspects of 

export contracts for capital goods projects is required! 
Applications are invited from men or women who should sand . 
full career and personal details to J. N. Scott, 

Director of Contracts, 

Arise 9 Tire General Electrta Company pic, 

1 Stanhope Gate, London Wl A 1EH. 


. I 30* ■ {VtOl 1986. BjAES*. Al- 

& WINE • I low. Stereo. *•*»-. Ej*c 

t wtnlmS' ttt- Ptix onnin o B67fi 
TtKJUMQII. Tctroma 34110 








[mini ErbIrm^ 

**u mumm os aim Mr air 

qjiwk* w«n hotoM or 
ortt rty.Drm OT. 47»(*>eM» i M proa, *139. un pees OCXs' 
£27. Good gatw I Freedom 
749 7449 t» t» * eTvtc *' I Holidays 01 741 4066 ATOL 



Sussex Coast Up to £14,385 

This third tier post is an excellent opportunity for an 
eaqjedencadSoTicrtorandafl^sajpelw initiative, 
innovation and sad dewtopriwnt 
The Senior Assistant Solicitor has responsibility for 
the management of the LegaL Committee and Sec- 
toral Registration Sections of tne Administration 
Department and provides legal advice to all depart- 
ments of the Council. He/she also advises Counca 
Committees and persona By undertakes the more 
complex esses and transactions. 

To fin this senior position you wfl need to have 
broad experience of advocacy, litigation and con- 
veyancing, preferably, but not necessarily gamed in 
a local government enwonmem. You win aiso need 
the ability to work weM with other people, the dedi- 
cation to comply with tight deadlines and the 
personal Pexfctity to attend evening meetings. 
Application forms available from Pers o nnel and 
Management Sendees Officer, Adur District Coun- 
ca, Civic Centre, Ham Road, Shora h am-by-Sea. 
Completed applications mturnable by IS April 
1986. (Tetephpm (0273) 455568. 

*.i _ 

tiDflb District Council 




This part is subject ta the LMGSC ring fence 
p mct d m e with then agreement it » now being offered 
on an mestrkteS basis. AppHcatiou ne iarited from 
anyone with appropriate qaa Kfi c at foos or experi en ce, 
bat priority wSH be given to employees of the GLC or 

Senior Solicitor 

- Past Ref. ALIO /A. - £15JI1 - £16,194 
An experienced Solicitor is required for this new post 
which arises oul of Local Government 
Reorganisation. The post-holder will be responsible 
for overall supervision of the non-con icntioos work 
of the legal section, including conveyancing and 
compulsory purchase, will personally undertake the 
more complex matters in these fields; win attend 
major committees, and win u n de rt ake some 

Further details available from Mr. M.B. Kenny, 
telephone 0226-203232 

Application jorm from the Establishment Officer, 
Tam Hall Bamslev. S70 2TA. Telephone 
Banal ty 203232. Ext. 2115. 

Closing date 19th Aptff, 1996. 



W qi y pi WUw Boren** EhkJ 

The following posts are satyect to the LMGSC ringfence 
procedure, with their agreement they are now being of- 
fered. on an unrestricted basis. Applications are 
| particularly invited from employees of the GLC and 

Principal Officer Range • 

Points 4-7 EM 21 68 - £13308 
Apphcuiora. ire invited lor the above port. Dubes will rodude 

ad vice id ( ocnimticcs aod legal wttrl ansmg ibcnfrotn and wid also 
im-aUc repres e nting the Council in proceeding before Courts and 

Duiks of the post have not been finally determined, but are fikeJy to 
be v ined and include major mas of responsibility and will therefore 
enable ihc person appoiaied to obtain good expenence of the legal 
wort anseg in the Legal Department of a Metropolitan Borough 

Experience of Local Government, though desirable is not necessary. 
Closing Cote I bill April 1980. 

It is the policy of this Council to provide equal employment oppor- 
tunities and coowdcntion will be given to aD suitably experienced 
and qualified re^rdless of disabdiiy. sex. nee or marital 


Write for applicatioos for the above post, incl u ding Sj \ JL to ibe 

. , a te » J J \ \ \ i ' ; a , 1 1 


NE30 1QQ. 


CMrt CM - ImUi Hwt» mat —I DW— i 

ICC /PAS 1.10) £4,179 to HUM) 

Applications are tnvtted (torn Sottcnors. Barristers and oth- 
er suitably Qualified persons. Applicants should be 
competent to take an types of Coon and will be required to 
undertake certain administrative duties. A car user 
allowance Is payable. J.N.C. Conditions of Services apply. 
Applications marked and ranivtiwiui . CC.T giving fun 
particulars of ape. aaatMcatkms and experience together 
with the names and addresses of two re fer e es should reach 
the undersigned not later Qian 9th April. 1986. 

D. Barker, Clerk to the Justices 
Clerk to the Justice 
The Court House, 

Bancroft, Hitch in, 

Herts SG5 1JY. 

Constant & Constant 

Assistant Solicitors 

We aze looking for able and experienced Assistants to join our expanding 
Company and Commercial Department m the following fields; 


Candidates, who may be qualified as a Solicitor or Barrister, should 
already be familiar with private and company work. Some knowledge of 
the fwmwmnl markets would be an advantage. 


Owdiriqfrw, who may be qualified as a Solicitor or Barrister or have 
other relevant experience in aO aspects of taxation, should have the 
ability to twirinrtafap responsibility in advising overseas and resident 
cheats , oh personal and corporate tax planning. 

Please reply with C.V. to J. W. Ecclestone, Constant & Constant, 9 St 
Helen's Place, L on don EC3A 6DD. 



in expanding Surrey 
town off M25 for 
solicitor with 2 
yean general 
experience far 
general work. 

Please telephone: 

07372 21518. 


CC/PAD 11-15 

Applications, with names and addresses 
of two referees, are invited from suitably 
qualified persons able to take all types of 
Courts without supervision, and to be re- 
sponsible for Licensing Committees work. 
The Courthouse was opened in Novem- 
ber 1985 and working conditions are 

An outline Job Description win be 
forwarded on request and further details 
are obtainable from the undersigned or 
Mr Thomas and Mr Smith, Deputy Clerks 
to die Justices (Telephone: 061-976 

Applications, in writing, by 15th April 

Magistrates’ Court S R Lomas 

P 0 Box 13 Clerk to the Justices 
Ashton Lane 
Sale, Cheshire 
M33 1UP 

3, St. Andrew Street 

Tenancy applications are 
ravnod from barristers *j[t 
wirt: experience wishing lo 
join a small bm successful 
and a m bitions scl 

Please write to 
Richard A. Hough 
at the above address. 


m lH i i 

A fast expending Mayfair firm requires two 
able Solicitors with at least 18 months post 
admitted experience in all aspects of prop- 
erty law. Attractive salaries will be offered 
to the right applicants. 

Please write with a full CV to: 








BeautifmvWasvrtm pods. 
Susert aw aM iw mbMp 

views. y” 31 

April /May Aha* otters. 


(am 95*006) 

ATOL 2017 . . ABTA 


.12 April ftom£M9PP 

Ring now k* 

Jecills BmB 

0W99199I USES Si 
073066561 KimtmwSe 


RemdeutiaL needed by- 
Lucie Cteytoo Cofiege in 5. 
Kensington for ««m 1 hos- 
tel. Pfna tome 
housekeeping duties. Pleee- 
ant acco rn mod flD nn and 
ambience. Good salary. Td 
01-581 0024. 168 

Brompton Rd. SW3 

County Secretary and Solicitor's Department 

Assbtant Cindy Sa fi c ft ar 
Grads P03 (£14^85 - £15,453 par msnl 

Tte person wdf be i Sofatnr of tome Tag s ' staging, who wfl pfay 
a mapr part ri the mrina of legal uniat, as a senior monitor of 
a team. Advocacy win tom a tegs part of tbna tankas. especially 
m tan* law. 

Appfca»n fona and ether irimin can be atotaRl fnn Mbs J 
Haris (nfoptaoe Wo ro ttar 353386 tax 2210). 

CMpktari sppficatiw tanns to be retoraed b| J W tarey. Caontv 
Secutanr ad Sofartor, Coariy Hal. S^tMchtey Bwd. Wmxstar WfB 
2HP. ta aniw no taw that 10 days altar pubjeation. 

Hereford and Worcester 



young couple toi 3 month old 
l»by. Must be able to drive. 
Extensive traveling. 

Commences ASAP. CV jskis 
photo Reply to BOX E55. 

required in wonc on ow suro- 
mf campsites and winter ato 
MCU m OW U.K and ataroao. 
caicxtoft tor botwcao 50-250 

children and voono ceopir. 
ftult Kerens. Te*4 HoUdan. 
Old CtouMwr Road. Rok an 
wye. HarefonMUre. 0969 


Newly modernised 
beauti fully interior 
designed 2 Oedroomed 
flat with brand new 
fully fitted kitchen. St- 
uns room, dining room, 
bathroom, wc. patio 
garden. £295pw. Philip 
Andrews 01-436 5991. 

SEVCHOAKS- tayntc country re- 
Treat Dart of cocivnifd returs. 
4 DMH. J MUiroore, 1 ft™" 
piu& separafv wc- V reevnuoa. 
mny ntu-d UiclmL rtunnlnv 
hall, dounto oarage. Cas mural 

(wanna, areuaftf « acre oar- 
d«p. £l 36.000 0732-62501. 


(MW CALLOWAY. CM larractd 
hwre. rnnraf treaUM. 2 recea- 
ttons. fully fHlad kittften . 
taw. 4 daubW bedrooms, 
■tody. 2 bMK. doakrooni. oa- 
rage. o nto Offcrt 
£40.000 06440-381 



One Hundred and Sixtieth Annual 
General Meeting of the Members will be 
held in 150 Sl Vincent Street, Glasgow, 
G2 5NQon Wednesday, 23rd April, 1986 
at Noon. 

By Order of the Directors 


Chief General Manager and Actuary 

150 Sl Vincent Street, 

Glasgow, G2 5NQ. 

14th March, 1986. \ mk — I 




and cooumcr turveillaiice 
Kjoipmeot for both the ama- 
teur Sl professoral Ki&g or 
write for price ksL 

716 Lm Bridge Rd 
LmmEob E10 SAW 
01 558 4226 

A very pretty mews house with 3 bedrooms, 
immaculate condition. Available for long 
company let at £350 pw. 

in exceBent location, a flat offering double 
reception, 2 double bedrooms, good kitchen 
and bathroom. Available for 1 year at £250 


01-730 8748 


SW1. EIcqh arm offlonWy sown* 
t al mnr tot Owe lo Hi arenrts. 2 
ament nux. 3 bob. 2 bats. 4 
U/5IXL t50Cp» 

SW. V^ws over PM CMen. oretr 
OR ad tum. sonny 5tb Hon flat n 
poRerad Hod. 3 bods. n» ittk 
bkmn. boim reaunSna. tMi m 
surer OSOow 

QB3EA SWb Know 1 Otd M n> 
Knos Am d « ffi au aWy Ivr *#* ijs 
retro bed. en area turn, mg isl. 
UL t BO pw- 

ShorUels ir. central areas 
aiso avail '£ 100 -£ 1 . 000 qw 
01-828 «25V 


CKLSEA new ttat mti Pa- 
so. 1 Bed, Recep. Kjetas, B. 


SOUTH KEN Mews new* 
dec. 2 Bed. 2 Recap, k i B 
+ Study A Gdns. E275. 
Victoria Mmsonetw wto t 
Balcony. 2 Bed. 2 Recep. 2 

B. super K. Co let only. 

Uatom. Fufliam Hse. S Bed. 
2 Recap. American K. 2 B. 
Oootfln Patio £400. 
K»BtitoMd(|e HaL 3 Bed. 
Recep. K & 2 B. Balcony. 


(ileal pied a Terre m q*c dec 
croer lit kii.iqiner, natn + 
sno-jver. avail now 12 mo mbs 
+. CO let only. £175 pw 
we raqree propeme a n 

South & West 
London arses 

Irv «Mtna .pt*rr-TT 




Lrtltng & Manayrmnit 


Ideal pied a terra m sue dec 
order fit tttfihner. bath + 
shower, avail now. 12 months 
+. Co let only. £175 pw 


sounrauum m, m. 

A sthebon of flan avajabis n 
tbS BMCflent conrtftioii. 

Modemsad to a very bqb stinr-- 
ihnL i/2 beds. Into, recto, W. 
tram £175.00 p.w. long lei 
POflCHEnDI WflDBB. M*2. 
A very ntractm rial on toe 3rd flr 
of a good impose bull Mock 
■rift *» i pom. 3 beds, 2 bams. 
2 rectos. M. £375 m pw. me. 
CH/CHW. Lang W. 

01-724 3100 

StWS Luxury 1 double bedroom 
flat. FWM kite turn au iua- 
aunev Ck*r to tube E130pw. 
Colei only Tel; 671 3713 6JO- 
0 30 pro. 

AMOaCAM Ban* uraoMb' **• 
autre, luxury run and houses 
from £200 - £1.000 pw. RUm 
Burpaa Estate Aaenu&et 5136 

The Proper! vAlanageri. 


Stnuus Flat himtUied to a 
ftgn standard on Pan. Lane 
with news M H»de Park. 3 
Mflmt. 2 bamiTO. lanje 
dWe recep. kn. £BS 0 per 

Maylair Office: 

01-625 4513 



We tare the Rental tor voul 
Rental Ac c ommotfai fl in aciou 
toe Nation. 37 mndcs 

mrowtfKji Gi«s Bream. We 
vrs expenence WorWunlf. 
families, smgies. S pels our 


01 720 202S 


BeauuTuf Edwardian 

detached boose to t* acre. 
7 bedrooms, 3 baihrooms. 
4 reception rooms, superb 
kitchen. Bathroom over- 
looking. lovely gardens. 
£2000 pern roc rales 

01-674 2626 




01 589 9225 



We have a superb selection 
of porsonaly Inspected tia- 
rnsfied and unlufflistied 
properties m many fine Ras»- 
denttai restricts, rangng 
from £150 pw to £2,000 pw. 

Tel: 01-486 8926 


L4iuHonM A Tenants 
ronv lo is for 


and similar areas. 

01-734 7432 




* CASE NOS 83-0401 9H2-5 

■ through 88D4022-H3-5 

* CASE NOS. 85-05481 -H3-5 

* through 8505483-H30 




1. On March 17, 1986 the above referenced Debtors (the 
"Debtore"] Wed with this Court a Merton For Approval ot 
Agreement wtffi Texas Air Corporation Relating lo ther Re- 
demption of the 7-1/2% ConverWjie Subordinated Debentures 
Due 1933 ot Texas International Airlines F nance N.V. (the 

2. A hearing on the Motion wll take place before the United 
States Bankruptcy Court tor the Southern Dteme ot Taras. 
Houston Division on Aprfl 8. 1386 at 9.30 am. The hearmg mb 
take place before tne Honorable T. Sorer Roberts, United 
States Bankfitotcy Judge. 79i Floor Untied States Courthouse. 
515 Rusk Avenue, Houston, Texas 77002. 

tookine for two pe«*- to train 
a» iMBWwm in rov bpccwW 
Employment Aomcy. Mom suit- 
abfr IW peon* 

•4JT1 J r-arwt atirr innr f-milv 

nras grown vP MtiM w? 

canmu A rharm wJ cotnnui- 
nicate wHl Prrfrttile 
Him & Offkr wpwrtW * a 
litiv ivpmd 

£7.6000 mnw in £d.5pO Hnlh 
gnirmri rammiMian Wrtr* lo 
Aiun Pmun AWiun Awm' 
3 Grrdi Ouren S#w< Helsoni 
London wca 

l a- 

1 ;re i 


“ h0 *l-fc 

Hi- i Ting 

ie cs id J.5f 

a- s ru fcu 
nt ’7 ation 

t€ L 5se j 

/ **• 


:r>AY APRIL 1 1986 


Leniently handicapped 
Amber Rambler can 
show elders way home 

Amber Rambler, the im- 
proving young jumper that 
Harry Wharton has done so 
well with this season from his 
base in Middleham, is napped 
to win the Leeds Handicap 
Chase at Wetfrerby today and 
so record bis fourth victory on 
the trot 

Comparing novices with 
seasoned campaigners such as 
Norton Cross ana Kevinsfort 
is never easy, but my feeling is 
that the handi capper may 
have just under-rated Amber 
Rambler and thus let him in 
with a bright chance of win- 

ning yet again. 

The nice thing about my 
selection is that be appears to 
be an amenable individual, 
who is easy to ride. When he 
won last time out at Doncaster 
he made all the running. The 
time before that he was ridden 
with much greater restraint 



mw ' 

Mick Easter by: trainer of 
Half Brother 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

- and not asked to go and win 
his race until the last fence had 
i been jumped. 

i While conceding that Nbr- 
. ton Cross, from Peter 
i Easterby's in-form stable will 
be hard to beat, I still feel that 
Kevinsfort poses the main 
threat to Amber Rambler, 
always assuming that he 
jumps better than he did at 
Cheltenham last month when 
mistakes at the second and 
third last fences probably 
made all the difference be- 
tween only finishing fifth in 
the Grand Annual 
Steeplechase, and being 

Those who axe looking to 
Mr.Snugfit to win this year’s 
Grand National at Liverpool 
on Saturday and thus avenge 
his narrow defeat twelve 
months ago, will be hoping to 
see his younger half brother, 
who is also called Half Broth- 
er, provide some sort of 
favourable omen by winning 
the Deighton Novices 

All the same, at a difference 
of 71b, I think that Amber 
Rambler, for all his relative 
inexperience, has an excellent 
chance of winning today's 
prize, especially knowing that 
he has been laid out fin- this 
whereas Kevinsfort was em- 
broiled in the thick of things at 

Singlecote looks the other 
good bet today on the York- 
shire course to win the 
EasingwoJd Novices’ Hurdle 
over 2*6 miles, a distance that 
he relishes. Having won by six 
lengths at Folkestone in be- 
tween being placed at Chelten- 
ham, Sandown and Ascot, his 
form looks pit-edged and 
certainly head and shoulders 
above that of his rivals this 

He may well do so following 
that effortless win at Carlisle 
on Saturday when his cause 
can hardly have been helped 
when the horse box that was 
carrying him to the course 
broke down en route, necessi- 
tating an equine“hitch- 
hike".Tbat he won eventually 
with the minimum of fuss,. 
albeit against moderate oppo- 
sition, spoke well of bis 
temperament,hence his 
trainer's decision to pull him 
out again so soon.’s only Flat 
race meeting at Warwick 
could provide the ultra-enthu- 
siastic newcomer, Willie 
Brooks, with his first winner 
as a trainer at his first attempt 
For I envisage his four-year 
old Mr Gardiner being hard to 
beat in the Paris Handicap 
Stakes over a distance that he 
relishes on ground that he 
revels in. Denyring will be his 
danger if he gets the trip, but 
that is unknown, whereas 
Mr.Gardiner has proved his 
ability to do so. 

Insure to 

From Our Irish 
Correspondent, Dublin 
Insure, owned and (raised by 
Pat Hughes and starting at odds 

of 16 - 1 , cane to the res ow of the 
bookmakers by upsetting a 
substantia! gamble on Omerta m 
yesterday’s Jameson Irish 
Grand National at Fairy ho use . 
The eight-year-old coaid now be 
scot over for Saturday's Aintree 
Grand National. 

In ground described by jock- 
eys as “wry dead" , the race 
proved a trium p h In 1 the %bt- 
weigbts for there were only five 
finishers in a field of IS and aD 
of these came from the bottom of 
the handicap. The three English 
challengers, which included the 
favourite, Rightband Man, were 
all palled up at the enh a nce to 
the straight when their chances 
of success had dearly gene. 

. For the greater part of the 
■journey one of the raiders, Ban 
And Skip carrying 12$t, made a 
bold showing up front, alternat- 
ing in the lout with The EWer. 
As the field streamed down die 
hill from BnDyhacfc, Insure was 
o b s er v ed making a forward 
move and he took over at the 
third last fence. 

Thereafter there was only one 
challenger, Omerta, who had 
made some mistakes earlier on, 
but was fighting back as they 
tinned into the straight. Omerta 
so* came ander the stran g er 
p r essure and lasnre had only to 
jump the last two fences to retain 
■h siiatitii nM mj m ifcu 

flat to win easily. 

Hughes said a f ter w ards: “I 
win declare him for the Grand 
National in the morning and I 
there is someone oat there wkh 
enough money be can boy n 
ranner with a chance.*' 



Gayle.. Warning bad a Grand 
National- warm up at toe 
. Egfiafna on Saturday, winning 
in style hoi beating very little Id 
the process. By contrast, the 
fourth win of the season fry 
Foolish - Hero, at . the same 
: meeting* was by the narrowest of - 

Insure jumps the last fence on his way to victory in 
yesterday’s Irish National 

Gillian .Motto locked tor 
home, three fences ..out,, but 
Diana Niven oh the 1984 Vanx 
final- whiner. Loch Brandy, 
never fethergrt more tbantwo 
lengths ahead and came apsides 
again ai the second last. Lodi 
Brandy went to the final, fence 
wife- almost a length advantage, 
but foolish Hero fought back 
-courageously, to get the verdict 
on. the nod. 

Amanda Harwood repeated 

herrwo successes oflast week on 

Red Shah and Lawn Meet ai the. 
Garth and S Berks, where Tim 
Underwood also had a doable. ' 

With her treble at the Ledbury 
on Dawn Street, Champagne 
Peri and Bonnie Hue, Alison 
Dare now tops the lady riders* 
table. ... 

As Peter GreenaH lasted only 
Tito fences on Boonabaroo and 
one on Hfefcbad vBtez^ the 
men's leader is stiUMSce Felton, 
whorwon on Matt Muxphy arfee 
Vale Of Aylesbury. A treble on 
toe lasLtbree races at the Vaksf 
Lane by Les Hudson sea him 
off in pursuit. 

' The taflrinz point.: *t--foe 
Ashford Valley was not the 
• successes^ hot the disappointing 
performance of Jean CampodFs 
well-fancied hones* Marks 
Methane and Certain Light. 

. The wS-known otter from 
the South West,XteSnnonCkve. 
has a scboolgiri daughter, 
Tabtiba^aE se t to feflW tnhm 

^yhea ^taTbeir. 1 6th- 

. birthday, bflt Mn h her first 
' race, ‘ the members at the 
Oattistedc, on the 14-yeanold 
Balhuartar, a gift from John 

Today’s fixtures 

ewoM IWmi WrwfclroMro. Upaamn- 
S mem ( 2 Pt P ui idi«M > li fl. LocftMSa 
ISJOt itftok A ChtotaL Ran Moor 
PytcMv.dattioroivh&ff . v. 

bought In- 


Going: soft 

Draw: Sf-lm, low numbers best 

2.15 CHANDLER SUITE MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: C & G: £684: 1m) 
(12 lumen) 

1 0 ALPHA HELIX (P Leonard) K B-aswyS-0 SWHtamttr 

3 COWfISH PUrnCE fM Hay»Wj] W VWw 

4 0*R3LD (USA) (K AMiAa) H Senrth 60 

5 RHE ROCKET (W PonsorOf) P Coto 60 

7 HtMTING SOM (USM nywnioud FuKok) L Plggott 9-0 WRSnMaraS 

9 KMG-S CRUSACfe(HMoukil G Lewis 60 OSaxtaalt 

10 4 MATCHAKAM (FR) (Mre S Kftsn) G Lewis 9-0 

11 so- raOHwrrro(Fnus«iiran|PCoioM 

12 ROUGH PASSAGE (USA) <MBw<Mt-Goints)MUniv 90 MWMam 

15 SWBROTIRoWvmudPKmBwyM PCtak 

16 SUMMBOflLL BOCX (U Sancerson) P Kb*™* 60 S Gamboa 10 

17 040 TOWER FAME (Ms P Yang) EBdh SO ML Thoms 2 

9-4 PrqNMfld. 3-1 Hunting Irish. 6-1 Nstdtetam. 6-1 Atoha Hate, 10-1 Fke 

Rocket 13*1 Rough Passage. 14-1 Tower Fame. 16-1 Sr Brett 20-1 others. 

Warwick selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Tower Fame. 2.45 Vague Melody. 3J5 Mr.Gardiner. 3.45 
Amplify. 4J5 Whistling Wonder. 4.43 Might Move: 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2. 1 5 Tower Fame. 2.45 Vague Melody. 3. 15 Ttvian. 4.15 Herr Flick. 
4.45 Mr What’s His Name. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.25 RECORD WING (nap). 


JAMUSjK Urfle) Mra N Smafi SrfrS BRoueeS 

RECORD TONG (Mrs p Long) DH Jonas 665 — 12 

13 000040 MOON JESTER P)(T Marshal} M Uttar 664 D McKay! 

14 200000/ SWWWQW (H Ftaroay) H OHM S-60 S Demon CT 13 

BUCKMMSTER BOY (CJ(t3 Tanner) W Wharton 5-7-11 NCaiSlaE 

KADESH (R Pn**) FranSov 5-7-1 1 AAead7 

IKTrALCrUFTSUANlB) (M Ingram) Ms N SrnAft S7-7 TWBamsO 

9-4 TMan. 7-2 Record Wing. 5-1 Fogv. 7-1 Mr Ganlnv. g-l Denvrtna 10-1 
Neater. 12-1 Stgnorins Od one. 161 others. 

345 KINGSWOOD SELLING HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £598: 71) (8) 

11 MthMO- JANUS (K UBta) Mrs H i 

12 140002 RECORD WWO (Mrs PI 

13 000040- NOON JESTER (C)(TU 

14 200000/ SWFWWQHT (R Rairae! 


17 MC824- KAOESHffiPMtelFT. 

no D H Jones B-8-5 

VunM Uttar 6-8-4 

H O' heC 5-6-0 

S Tanned W Wharton 57-11 . 
dby 5-7-11 

2 000- M JESTER 

3 030264 AMPLIFY IM 

UrsN Mac*iey9-7 
1 63 

4 D00- ASHJ1AF LI KenmODOTJonnefl 9-3 ______ 

5 034010- THE TENDBI HATAD0R (R Watts] L HoA 62 . 

6 00000-2 UTILE JUttBER (Mbs JBodm)K Stone 60_ 

7 000400- AW8BY (E Thornes) WWhsnon 64 

8 0006- CHEPSTDWED {W H Jones] O H Janes 8-13 ~ 

9 040000- JULTDWN LAD (S Birkan) H Beasley 8-13 

M Lynch 7 




— 1 

R Morse (7) 2 

2.45 ‘ARC HANDICAP (£1,442: 1m) (19) 

2 13432*- DEMOUEURtmpftv C HoMtl) J BMta! 4 

4 004214- VAGUE WELOOi (A Simmons) L PlgQptt 4- 

5 304264 LEKLASOfrtX Lews] DH Jones 66-7_ 

8 4TM00- TO L00N0 (i Quek) E Bdr 665 

10 000300- BIT OF A STATE (J Mken) SWtes 663 

12 444M0- KAVAKAU Htraei) R Hannon 4-4-2 

13 000004 KAEMMSmiM StUn) MBrfBsSi 462 — 

14 20000-0 WSS AOGRO (T Rarashen} M Rwn 4-6-1 

17 000000- CHASE LtMGUEtCWhgMHONeB 44 

18 HW86 M BS Aid (W GriMOiSjT Yantey 4-67 

15 032010- MARSOOH (A SoemrtH Beeeiey 44-6 _ 

17 000000- CHASE LONGUE 
10 104036 MBS APEX (RGn 
IS 032010- MARSOOH(ASa 

22 160002/0 BLOW MY TOP (C 

23 100204- AYREASW&UfV 


25 3»M0- DALLAS SMITH (l 

.M Ryan 44-1. 
MHONbB 44-10 
- Yanley 4-67 — 
Beasley 4-8-5 

— WCveonIS 
. WRSnWnmiG 


K Oartey 5 

— GStericay 17 

— SmtarartiS 

I Johnson 12 

□ McKay I 

6-4 LMe Anrrier, 5-2 AmpMy. 114 Andertry, 7-1 The Tender Matador, 16-1 
JtAownLad 14-1 others. 


1 46 C IKHH TW00O SAM (Mis R Smth) H O’Neil 64 — 0 

2 GEORGE HBaiY (Cheshire Treeing) 0 H Jonas S-0 J Reid 9 

3 0 HERRFUCK(EXeitanacfcai1IMaiswiaS4 NOsyl 

6 ORWLE DAN&t (J Bush) 0 Thorn 64 ML Thomas 4 

7 PERT AM (C DiAel W Whanon 60 NCMMe2 

8 4 SARASOTa C tVfttaan)CMVdnnn 64 PHetaisael 

10 THATtXAVMU Hammond) A SrtOi 60 SWabs t w7 

12 3 .UNOTS PET C Wheeler) K Slone 64 PM Eddery 5 

13 2 WHBILMQW0M3ER (M Brittain) M Brittain 60 : KDedey 3 

Evens Uno's Pet 144 WNsfflng Wonder, 10-1 Sswota, 14-1 Cherrywood Sam. 
16-1 Herr Ficfc. 20-1 others. 

4.45 CASTLE SUITE MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: C&G: £684: 1m 2f 
170yd) (8) 

2 CHEETAKMsa L Morgan) M MoCorreacfcSO R Cochrane 5 

3 6000- EASTSwSAYBI (MProiaB) D LaTra 9-0 CRotMr(5}3 

fi DOM KGHT MOVE (Roy Biarop S Son Lid) R Snryth 9-0 SWhtoortii 

6 440tW WmmrS4te«AME^Madh«*a)l»&sW»60 NOeyl 

8 00006-3 OWL CASTLE (B Over) M Usher 9-0 AMcGtanel 

13 000- SEMUjOWTREtStamMatnaaMdlLPIggoilOO WRSntafarmA 

14 WKSHCROMMffl Joe6AMiaRi64 JRsM2 

15 WBMQN (USJQ pi AbduDa) f^eiyffi 9-0 PMEdde*y7 

3 0000- EASTSW PlAYER (M Prrlftae) D Lara 3-0 CRattarraS 

fi DOM IRGHT MOVE (Roy B«rop S San Lid) R Snryth 9-0 SWhtoartiO 

6 4400-2 WmmrS4te«AME^Madh«*a)l»&sW»M NOeyl 

8 000064 OWL CASTLE (B Over) MUsher 9-0 AMcGtanel 

13 000- SVMUjOWTWElStalitiMatnaaMdlLPIggotlOO WR »taWi i e n4 


15 WBMON(USJQ0C Ahddta) RSmjti 64 PM Eddery 7 

64 Mr What's-Hb-Nama. 11-4 Wtehkm, 64 Owt Castle. 6-1 Swafcm Tims, 6-1 
14^4 More. 161 WMbOmin. 14-1 others. 

Bradley 665 JWBaawll 

■taldor 763 —7 

AVREAS AJSA) (Mrs t Darlas) ft Mams 7-4-2 LCtanocfcl 

DOOM- VENTUReTOH&ORM (V Doninrton) A J Wlaon 464 M Howe II 

I10060- DALLAS SMtTH (USA)(P SnWflM Chapman 67-13 — II 

OOOJ CRAVEN BOYjJ PTcrt R Price 67-10 — 1 

000004 BLACK 8PWi(Mr* ERiehards) H O'Ned 674 — — 14 

00064 BAXTSWATE (J rtJrst) R Howe 3-7-7 NCuMelO 

I Vague Melody. 9-2 De Rtaeur. 11-2 Mtos Apex. 8-1 Fel Loong. Lsmetasor, 10-1 

Compensation for Well Rigged 

4-1 Vague Matady. 62 De Rtaew. 11-2 Mtes Apex. 8-1 1 
Miss Aggra, Bteck Spout, 12-1 l&aoora, 14-1 others. 

3-15 PARIS HANDICAP (E2^8& 1m 4f 52yd) (13) 

1 112006- «ST0R(PHertyn)G Lenta 64-10 

2 VTB716- DraHfflWGfT Stratton Sm«l)DLaing 464 

3 13016-1 TTVlAN(Baidy Matthews) l Mathews 663 (8w)_ 

7 16 FOQAR (USAHS O^hea) D J Mtxray Snath 46-11 . 

0 320401- MR GARMNER (Fahd Satnan) W Brooks 46-10— 

— N Day 11 

- S Catrihen 4 
. J Bray (7) 10 

Well Rigged, who foiled to 
land a huge gamble in the fira 
le£ of the spring double, the 
Lincoln Handicap at Doncas- 
ter, gained some compensation 
in the £6,000 added Newcastle 
Centenary Handicap yesterday 
when easily beating Virgin Isle 
by an impressive tour lengths. 
Mark Birch bounced the 54 

favourite out of the stalls to 
make all the tunning. 

Peter Easterby, whose Great 
Habton stable has now had six 
winners this season, said: “He 
came back from Doncaster as 
fit as a flea, and I had to get an- 
other quick race into him. He 
might have a rest now for a 
little while.” 

passed him on to Oaran Cos- 
grave from whom be r e pi 
chased the horse a few months 
ago. Yesterday’s race was some 
thing of anadvcTtbesMBtfortbe 
four-mile National Hunt Chase 
at Chfltmham, for Tuaurr was 
rmmer-op to Northers Bay is 
last year's renews] while 
Omerta had woo the race last 

Earlier yesterday Barney Bar- 
nett had proved beyond doubt 
that he is the ovtstanding nonce 
hardier la Ireland this season, 
even if he did not go to 

Two meetings 
called off 

Two of today’s four scheduled 
meetings, those at Chepstow 
and Uttoxeter, have been can- 
celled. Chepstow was aban- 
doned yesterday because of 
waterlogging after an afternoon 

Stewards at Towcester de- 
rided to call of today’s meeting 
after an inspection during 
j yesterday’s programme. John 
Font the clerk of the coarse. 

: said: “We are trying to complete 
, today’s card, but the course is in 
such a bad state that we will 
have to abandon tomorrow's 

The loss of these two meeting 
brings the total number of 
abandonments this season to 
119. • 

• Vandals caused up to £10,000 
of damage when they burned 
down one of the numbers 
boards- at Hamilton Park race- 
course yesterday mooting. Bill 
McHarg. the managing director, 
said that tomorrow’s meeting 
would not be affected. . • - 

Wetherby selections 

By MandarimZJO HalfBrotber. 
3.0 Meikleour.‘330 Olive Press. 
4.5 Battlefield Band. 4JS AM- 
BER RAMBLER (nap). 5.10 

By Michad Seely: 330 CHive 
Press. 5.10 Singlecote. * 

Course specialists 


Cheltenham. He was reser ved 
instead for fee Jameson Gold 
Ckpaari, carrying top wefebt of 
12 st, ran right away from two 
usefel novices. Weather The 
Storm and Field Conqueror. 

This a fte r noon the feature 
race b (be Power Gold Cup, * 
novices' chase and this bob 
like . affording Bartres 
compensation for his Chdlea- 
ham hfiae. He had eartwr been 
beaten In a photo finish by 
Passage Creeper in the Arkfe 
Trophy at Ltepudstm and 
now meets the winner on dibn 
better terms. 


ASHFORD VALLEY: ftat Uhf Rodent 
(tat Vain*. Omr Appfeta. Ladtec 
Danish King. AdFGiy rKmAe Hang 

Avanfe FKHfc Anodwr CM*. IMbM% 

- HoBth ST A FTORPSWRE; ft»te Cttad 

Sandon. Arip At Bank. iMSmi Lam 
Lord. Oiwb: Camtxma ML Hast: 5|aoa 
Qranw.ifcte Kan stooa . 

VALE OF AYLESBOm tfea* Tog. A« 
BordarBerg. Opa« Matt MuqftylaBaK 

cxnanxtb cm .cw ar 

tentatar Scaly. 

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~ Apply. Lallan • Gmfcte. Mthe-CuWc. 

Jour. «ai t WOODLAND pytchley: Ai% TnMlHM. 
BomiaHpa.Mdntt;EafteMML ■ • LaJ— Mdai. Han Jortataa 

MOMMOUTKSMRE: Hant MonMon 9E?*tooa SokSer. PPOAe Sparttcona. 
Crook. A» TxL Opm Tartar, tadtar atoECuddtoineDaEn. 


7RAINER& Mrs M Dctanaort. 49 arimars 
from 111 nnwrs, 44.1%; M H Easterby. 
41 from 181, 22JBK J Fitzgerald, 18 from 
10 2. 15.7% , 

JOCKEYS: G Bradley, 14 vrinnsrs from 70 
rides. 20.0V J J O'fteifl. 20 frora 107, 
167%; R Eamshaw. 10 from 56, 176%. 

Going: good to soft 


3 -021 H0PEHJL MB90N Mrs M DUdnaon 7-11-6 Oaradtey 
5 2124 f^HARVEST^MHEsste^^^^^ 

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14 0000 CAFTAM^«Y»MrePSy 5-1613 

15 0 CAROL'S MUSIC Ito C Pastorate 5-KM8 

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21 HANQHGHREWAS(Kit>enBocv5-10-13~ BLaota— - 
23 P/P- MAASnCSrARJWBurtJel 84613 
28 NORTHERN GALA F Carr 7-1613 

30 000 PERFECT GtEN Denys Stnft 61613 

31 0 PRMCE METTStNRH C J Bat 5-1613 

34 0022 SHOtWQOIflJonaB616T3 

35 Does SUMKAO Lee 5-1 0-13 ; 

38 030 TAWNY SPtnr J Fftzoarald 7-1613 HDna 

38 TMHER tdCHANTjR Winter 5-1613 SIMM 

39 OOP WALDRON H 6 L AG Knowles 


43 P BMKSLGROMroyd 7-104 1 GOnrr 

46 tnOBSATHCaUmt 8-108. POMiaip) 

49 0000 SAHQMA BE WBOnon 6168 l_ OHariCWW 

50 I W6STROP LADY-R H Scftotay 5-168^— HBraam- 

55 IB POLISH PBQHTK Stone 41 0-7* —ABrowa 

56 040 ALLEZ N CtaabeilMit 4-162. .... MPyppar 

15-8 Had Bruber, 7-2 HopaH Mnkrn. 54 Record 

Harvest .61 Gwri Walk. 161 -Timber MarchaB, Tawny S[*tL 
12-1 Cocfcad Hat CUtaW. 14-1 others. . ; . 

HURDtf (E2,72Tr 2m7(T2)- . : -r 

3 084 RHOECUS ffWOBMa M DfcWneorvM1-7 OBraitay 

4 ino PfciJE GREY ffijjD Barron 611-4 Sdatti 

8 111- ■EBXHJURjjMJJ GHtmitaUT-1643 — tf Defer 

9 0102 TWj 6 U»#l A &61 MM2 — — 

11 003 1 COGRA M^te (60) JLGrxAJna 610-1 T JLGbUdtaB 

13 -CW MOtiWRUrafeOYBonM6?MUL^-Cl l i HtW . 

14 0003 DARKTRDC JHJotaaon6405 

18 061 FSFD0M TOW Starjw 6163 KTestan 

20 0004 FRENCH HCTCW mf DwiyeSmVt 5-160 — CGatat 

21 OMF SECRET WALK flJtwAStepfMi«Bon5-HW ; 

25 -400 KEYCORMTO (DM W Btax** 6160 gjOTNe* 

28 3290 CUtABfKM JNortan 6104 PAPtanBn 

64 Rhoecus. 10630 Hetdom, -4-1 MeBdeour, 11-2 TUri. 61 : 
DsrklTtx, 161 MNer toay, 12-1 otfnro. 

(Amateurs: £1.279: 3m 100yd) (1^ . 

1 023/ BRttORALGOWME I Perk 1611-12 . — _ I Park (7) . 

2 ffiSOETEALMre Mammon - 

- 6 Tt- 12 P»re«oefn- 

3 06 MCE MLL Mae 8 Wlcnn 1611-12 ^ P Dearie M 

7 two- landas slave f m B anonio-ii- 12 — ACrtmthsm 

8 m- LAWWG Mrs R Spans 11-11-12 _ BkaRtoenoem 

9 &2 UGHT DBKM GWftchatdS 611-12 JQNnto 

20 AUBBLHBNBdrt6U-T : : MSumfom 

22 GRANGE CLASSIC EM Catae 13-1VJU- N Jones# 

25 61U QLWEPHBStBFJAHMecajratt . 

.77 iTiifMefopdlB 

' 11-4 Ofive Plaes, 7 r 2 fMherby Ghoet 62 Brig 
CBtagownta. 61 Ught Demon. 61 LMg Hal. 161 FradrSe Te*J. 
IzTzSntwider. ISToBmts. ' ' 

45 MONTAGU HANDICAP ffljRDLE 04,123: 2m. 

40(1^. . . . 

. 1 4200 C0HBlY«IRMHtoMtty6t62 — JiOUeB 

: 2 -433 TBWYASHWWarCiMtltt ^SJOWal 

3 806 BHam 

- • 5 -000 LOBRtMWAYtCXDIO Moft* 611-1^. KTaeta 

6 1020 HALF ASLEEP (CimK&Fj W G Bs«y 

611-OP AtamBM 

12 4« ftAmxMt v pi rut 1 _ 

14.0421 -LCAtotoWtiD H H0dgKn6169{Eei4^_.,TGDBa 
15 3300 WH4TS WHAT B — 

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17 04F ASCaarOOfia»SRBownng7-165 __ DStar 

11 1041 GREEN G0R5E &VD) 14 F Cnxnp 61B-5 _CHM*ta* 

19 2231 tRIICH LORD OtjSinyH Sett 6162 CQrard 

.20 2001 SEEYtXJAROWn (D) O Bnraisi •: - 
: - - - 6l61fSn}MBMm 

21 3301 BKTTlSWlIirBANDgOJVrBKntUI ' 


6?SaRta0M2BanrL6TXCU9tap»k'62GroerrGarSB; 16 
2 . Dub* Lord. 61 HaB Arteap. Saeyouartxnd. 161 Comedy' 
Far, 14-1 oteera. : <v, ■; ~ 

435 LEEDS HANDICAP CHASE (£3J22: 2m 50yd) 

xsf - 

9/381 NORTON CROSS M H Btstatby nil- 7 ■ — 

4 MID KEYWSFOftrjC-i^JT.FitowaW 611-3 _ B Oayer 
- S22H1H«8SB)UDa^Gnai¥46re^l-Ui-.CteBat 
6 Bm raBBIRMKBinnHWhatea 7-4610- 3 ToaMtat*) 

gtw Bwi^ towM x- a ranmer - 

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10 14 UN& HALL ®F)MrePRu8BW 7-11-12. OK ta etoel 

11 FI KETHnBTtolOSTCBTaytar 611-12 __ AFoai 

12 0 POKEBCtAIQCWASlsphenion 

13 IBP- n AJ PW U Mrs K RMcWe 1M1-12- MtaaB Broad 

15 0PP- V&BJSmw aunt* 941-12 LIBUy 

15 P TRWBTtiN Mf* P ShHtds 611-12 _ JOMmuom 
17 IRVAGHOSr Use HHoraM 7-11-12 Has A Hope 
19 /M -ZANLANDER Mtae PW#s 11-1612 NTUfo 

- 10 B130 BII8AOGW0brai^tlcdat»61(M1 CFtarMt 

• 11 33PT- SntftiGIU’ DORM NE Coop 6160 

: - 12 4326 BHtS8Y R McOOnaM 16 PAFtate|(4) 

- 13 2214 NOWEUTA(B) R A Bedr«M2-1£M3 tAaMegee 

. 64 Amber Hanrbtar.61^ Kerimtort 4-jj Norton Cnee. 11»2 

StrugMDown. 61 fiende»*,16l Sir Badeworth. 161 Others. 


- S'3122 : 3lNQtBSOreMsP^6TI'4<'~— -L— ^-‘MBastanl 

7 CPF ASTRAL LAto Mrs Otjcnfc 61 1-1.^ OStow 

I P ARTCWONQ KAMoroeii 61t-0L__ — 

12 40 BUSTOFFI8»aSHa»611-ft JJONeM 

■ 14 CAVAUarCROSSETTEM Catae 611-0. to N Jones 

16 33 StoRAGH KNG J G RtzGBflrid 7-11-0 MDnar 

18 '.06 DEB* AUBUMMK (Mar 7-11-0 — TGubs 

19 0000 EAST DOWN Mrs M»c*arson 611-0 GBtadtay 

26 POO G0ERAL ADVANCE MisSBrsneB 611-0^ — — 

21 3800 fMATASWCB Booth 611-0 DMaacafT) 

27: OOF OAKB l OanatS rnHi S-11-0 5— TCQnmt 

21 > PHBESTOUEGWHktaidc 61141 NDengMy 

.. 30. RANCHO BARHARDO Mrs MDrcUneon 

.. 5-H-OMrPOonefcfO 

39 1000 PEACE IBBtoG W PSctards 61618 NOongMy 

40 0108 8HAGAVLECJB*B 4-1613 — 

41 ALL SUER R A. Bettafl 61 Q-fl ; — 

. 42- • A3BU»AHOASjV«e*7-IM : — - — 

44 300F GALAWOOO CJ BeB 6104 — 

45 49PF 4LATWUI BLOND Rex Cener6l0-9 PTack 

. 48 ' F TRU80DLa>6lQ-9- , — 


. 4-10-7 P CSfcta elg) 
51 .000 HUFF RKJCT PC Curtis 4-167 _____ DVRUneen 
11-4 ConanAi King. 7-2 Prkne Stone. 61 BMaoote.7-1 
Boetofl. 61 ElK Dowm. Rancho Bamado, 161 CwKW,:161: 
Deep Auburn. 14-1 otttaro. * 

Law Report April 1 1986 

Wrongly addressed writ is served validly 

Austin Rover Group Ltd r 
Crouch Butler Savage Asso- 
ciates and Others 
Before Lord Justice May, Lord 
Justice Lloyd and Sir John 

{Judgment given March 25] 

A writ which had been sent to 
a defendant firm through the 
post and bad been delivered to 
the firm's principal place of 
business and received by one of 
the panners had been validly 
served even though the address 
on the envelope in which the 
writ had been sent had not been 
that of the principal place of 

The Court of Appeal so held 
(Lord Justice Lloyd dissenting), 
when dismissing unanimously 
an appeal by the first defendant, 
Crouch Butler Savage Asso- 
ciates (a firm), from an order of 
Judge John Davies. QC, who, 
sitting as an official referee on 
October 4. 1985, had refused (i) 
to discharge an order of Master 
Topley on January 18, 1985 that 
the validity of a writ issued by 
the plaintiff, Austin Rover 
Group Ltd (formerly British 
Leyiand UK Ltd) be extended 
and (ii) to grant a declaration 
that the writ had not been duly 
served on the first defendant 

Order 81 rule 3(1) of the Rules 
of the Supreme Court provides: 

“Where partners are sued in 

the name of a firm, the writ may 
... be served - (a) on any one or 
more of the partners, or . . . (c) 
by sending a copy of the writ by 
ordinary nist class post ... to 
the firm at the principal place of 
business of the partnership ...*’ . 

Miss Genevra Caws for the 
first defendant; Mr Timothy 
Elliott for the plaintiff. 

that the writ had been posted in 
an envelope addressed to “the 
secretary” of the first defendant 
at an address which the plaintiff 
bad thought to be its principal 
place of business bin from 
which it bad moved about three 
months previously. 

st defendant had in- 
structed the Post Office to 

redirect all its mail to its new 
address, and the envelope bad 
accordingly been delivered to 
the new address seven days 
before it would have expired, 
where it had been opened by one 
of the partners. 

Had the writ not been served 
before it expired, the first defen- 
dant would have bad an argu- 
able limitation defence to any 
fresh writ 

His Lordship would wish to 
repeal the salutory warning 
given by Lord Denning and 
Lord Justice Harman in Baker v 
Bowkctts Cakes Ltd ((19661 1 
WLR 861, 866. 867) to plaintiffs 
and their solicitors holding ag- 
ing unserved writs in cases 
where a limitation defence 
might arise if tbe writ were not 
served in time. 

The Rules of the Supreme 
Court should so for as possible 
be construed without implying 
into them anything which they 
did not expressly provide and 
according to tire simple, or- 
dinary, natural meaning of their 

Service, even by post, was not 
complete until the document 
being served was actually re- 
ceived by the intended recipient 
or was deemed to have been so 
received under the Rules. 

Therefore "sending*’ in Order 
81, rule J(fXc) meant the whole 
process of transmission from 
tbe server to the recipient, not 
merely the initial dispatch. 

It followed that since the writ 
had been dispatched by first 
class post and as a result had 
been received at the first 
defendant’s principal place of 
business it had bran validly 
served under Order 81. rule 


Rule 3(IXa) could be read 
wiih Order 10. rule 1(21(3), 
which provided that a writ could 
be served by sending a copy of 
the writ by ordinary first-class 
post to 1 he defendant at his 
usual or last known address. 

"Last known" meant last 
known to (he plaintiff (not as the 
first defendant bad argued last 
known generally). The envelope 

had been addressed to that 
address, but service had not 
thereby been effected since tire 
partner had not received it 

The address to which it had 
been delivered was. however, 
the first defendant's usual ad- 
dress. The use of the firm’s 
name on the envelope denoted 
all tire partners in the firm (see 
tbe dictum of Lord Justice 
Ljndley in Western National 
Bank of the Citv of York v 

Perez Triana tft Co(( 1891) 1 QB 
304. 314)), and it had therefore 
been sent to "any one or more of 
the partners". 

Section 7ofthe Interpretation 
Act 1978, which required that, 
unless tbe contrary intention 
appeared, a letter containing a 
document be property ad- 
dressed in order to be deemed to 
have been served by post- was 
not to be taken to apply to Order 
81. rule 3(lXa) coupled with 
Older 10. rule l(2Xa). It fol- 
lowed that the writ had been 
validly served under Order 81. 
rule 30X a ) as well. 

The general principles to be 
applied on an application to 
extend the validity of a writ had 
been set out by Mr Justice 
Megaw m Heaven v Road and 
Rail Wagons Ltd ([19651 2 QB 
3S5. 361. 365) ana frequently 
approved by the Court of Ap- 
peal. The judge had taken 
account of matters which ought 
not to have weighed with him, 
and it was therefore for tire court 
to exercise its own discretion. 

The requirements of the rules 
regarding service were not mere 
technicalities. Particularly when 
there was a limitation defence 
available in the event of the writ 
not being served in time, the 
rules were 10 be complied with 

H was in the interest of the 
parties and the public (hat 
proceedings should be pursued 
with ail diligence and 
limeousness and that a defen- 
dant should be able to know 
when a claim against turn was 

His Lordship would not at- 

tempt to catalogue the excep- 
tional circumstances which 
would justify exercising tbe 
discretion to extend the validity 
of a writ. 

There were no exceptional 
circumstances in this case which 
would have justified extending 
the validity of ibe writ if its 
service on the first defendant 
had not been valid. 

concurring only in the result, 
said that ’’sending" meant 
•‘putting in the post". The writ 
had been addressed not to the 
firm’s principal place of busi- 
ness but to its previous place of 
business: that was the address to 
which It bad been sent 

It had to be property ad- 
dressed when posted, and it was 
not sufficient that it had become 
property addressed when the 
Post Office had redirected it. 
The fact that it bad arrived did 
not imply that it had been 
property sent and there had not 
been valid service under Order 
81. rule 30X0. 

Further, it bad not been 
served on one of the partners 
under rule 3(1 Xa): it had not 
been properly addressed, since it 
had been sent to the non- 
existent secretary. 

Although his Lordship ac- 
cepted that sending the wriL to 
the last-known address of one of 
the partners would constitute 
service under rule 3(1 Ma) (see 
National Westminster Bank Ltd 
v Betchwonh Investments Ltd 
((1975) 234 EG 675). since that 
had not been done the writ had 
not been validly served. 

In deciding whether to extend 
the validity of a writ, the 
possibility that it would defeat 
an otherwise accrued limitation 
defence was a factor to be taken 
into account, but the court 
ought not to try the question of 
whether such a defence had 
accrued or assume its existence. 

The first defendant not only 
knew of the existence of the writ 
before it expired, it had it in its 
hands and knew that service had 
been intended. The invalidity of 
the service was a technicality of 
the highest degree. 

In those circumstances tire 
judge bad been justified in 
extending the validity of the 
writ; certainly his decision to do 
so was not so unreasonable as to 
justify the court in interfering^ 

that be agreed with Lord Justice 
May that the writ had been 
validly served under Older 81, 
rule 3(IXc). 

It was beyond dispute that 
merely puranaa copy writ in the 
post did Dot effect service; it had 
also 10 be delivered through the 
post at tbe firm's principal place 
of business (or deemed to have 
been so delivered under rule 

Provided it was actually 
delivered at tbe firm's principal 
place of business, it did not 
matter that the address at tbe 
time of posting had been 

If a correct address at the 
moment of posting were an 
essential requirement, it would 
lead to absurdities or highly 
unsatisfactory questions ofde- 
gree, iC for example, there were 
a minor error in the spelling of 
the street name which did not 
mislead anyone or tbe defen- 
dant changed its principal place 
of business without notice on 
the day after the writ was 

There was no justification for 
reading rale 3(1 Xc) as if it 
required the envelope to be 
correctly addressed to the firm 
at ihe time when it was posted, 
and the requirements of that 
rule had been fulfilled in this 

In view of what had been said 
in The Vrontados ([19821 2 
Lloyd's Rep 241) and Leal v 
Dunlop Bio-Processess Inter- 
national Ltd ([19841 1 WLR 
874), his Lordship agreed with 
Lord Justice May that if the 
service had not bran valid there 
would not have been justifica- 
tion for extending tbe validity of 
the writ 

Solicitors: Waltons & Morse 
for Pinsent & Co. Birmingham; 
Mr H. B. Beake, Uxbridge. 

Duty of receiver to supply : 
information to company board 

Gomba Holdings UK Ltd t 
H oman and Another 
Same v Johnson Mattbey 
Bankers Ltd 

Before Mr Justice Hoffmann 
[Judgment given Marth 24] ‘ 
Where the board of a com- 
pany in receivership dem- 
onstrated a bona fide intention 
to redeem, it was entitled not 

pmpose of cdndudkK arrange- 
ments, . the plaintiffs .wanted 
information as to. the current' 
state of tbe' receivership, 
information already given being 
considered to fall short of their 
legal entitlement- - . 

In the first action the plaint 
tiffs sought full details of all 
dispotBls made or proposed. 

His Lordship, pr efe rred the," 
view of Vice-Cfatncellor ‘ Black- . 
ett-Oid in Smiths -Ltd v Middle- 
ton ((1979} 3 All £R 842Vto-the ■ 
provisional view of Mr Justice . 
Slade in JSSiUwl Ltd v Hcd gfc - 
(unreported, December 8, 1977) ■ 
in bolding that the : statutory, : 
obligations were not exhaustive. 
r -It could not be assumed, : 

sought was a redemption state- bolder and the company; under 
ment and an order that upon 1 whkh be was appointed. 

MB « wuwrn, 1 % Ojuutu rnn J Lrn - rt . — , . ” v 7* 

merely to' a redemption state- K il 2?? v 5 r ’ ^ K ■ 

ment, showing bow much was 7*- oiforther ^assets until rive obligations were the same as 

day? .to^ Ihe p h u mm 

able information about the na- . “^^ofuie recervecs {mention must depend on tfie- ienns 

rure of the assets remaining in MJ 1 ™ |K _ f 3C P re ? s ^ F ': t he 

the hands of the receivers. intbe second action U>e relief bargain between the^ debenture 

A receiver’s duty, however, to sougW "5 s a iwemption stato- bolder and the company; under 
provide such information had to a ? 1 1 _9 rder th ? 1 ‘ which bewas appointed. V 

be subordinated to his primary s^Puhtiod The .principles seemed ^be, : 

duty not to do anything which P® 110 ®* banic would dis- first, that a receiver and. man- 

might prejudice the interests of c * ai ^ ^ rcce,verfi ^ ® • ager should have the-power to* 

the debenture holder. se< v , V y 'u . ' ■ carry on the day-to-day. process 

Mr Justice Hoffmann so held ^tifont imerfer- 

in the Chancery Division, when enra from ^ fxanLjand sec- 

dismissing three motions in tiro . ■ ODtl - ' ® .*** ^absence of 

actions by six companies in the P ^^^ u ^i C ; r ^ L i , k- . provision, any ngbt to 

Gomba Group, which were . 01 ac 2~ redemption the .information must be -qualified, 
controlled by Mr Abdolfaamid had an unrestricted by tbe receiver’s primary duty to 

SbamjL right to sell ai any him, and the the debenture holder. - 

The defendants in the first _ daun to be abfe to. If thereceiver considered that 

action were Mr Andrew Homan r ?~ CXB . shortly gave them no disclosure of information would 
and Mr Cblin Bird, receivers ™ T law 10 ™e be contrary -to ti» debenture 

appointed by Johnson Matthey 
Bankers Ltd. the defendants in 
the second action, under fixed 
and floating charges securing a 
group indebtedness of about £22 
million. . . 

Mr Terence Cullen, QC and 
Mr Anthony Trace for the* 
plaintiffs; Mr Richard Adkins 
for the defendants. 

said that since their appoint- 
ment the receivers had realized 
various assets, so that current 
indebtedness now stood at' 
about £11.000. 

payrtient within a stipulated 
period, the bank would dis- 
charge the receivers and . its 

As to the request for notice of 
proposed sales, there was no 
cause of- action entitling toe 
plaintiffs to such jrelief 

Until actual redemption the 
receivers bad an unrestricted 
right to sell at any time, and the 
plaintiffs' claim to be able to. 
redeem shortly gave them 'no 
right - in 1 law . to limit. ■ the 
receivers’ powers. 

which he vras appointed. V 
Tbe,prinaNesseemedtobe, 7 -, 
first, that a receiver and. man- 
ager should have the'powej: id . 
cany on the day-to-day. process r . 
of realization -wjhboot innfeiv-:. 
Mice from the. board' and seo-?; 
ond, Thai m rffe- absence , of - 
express provision, any right to: 
inforinaiioh must be qualified- 

foe debenture holder. - ■ 

- If thereceiver considered that 
disclosure ofinformation would 
be cootrary^ "to ttie debenture 
holder 1 s interests, he must be 

Even if there were a. cause of entilled to withhold it. 

action, his Lordship thought toe 
balance of convenience lay in 
refusing an injunction. . ‘ =■ 

There was' not much guidance 
from the authorities oh. the' 
extent, of a receiver’s duty lb 
provide information' to direc- 
tors during, the. currency of an. 
agreement. . 

Although nominally an agent 
of the company,' a receiver’s 
primary duty was to" -realize 
assets in .the interests of the 

Once the receivership was 
ended, the . case wpuld be dif-. 

‘ -ferent. Tt was arguable that lire. - 
right to redeem gave rise r 10 a " 
right of the company to ask for . 

- sufficient information .to r" afr * 
it effective.. •' ' 

- -For present, purposes . 16%-. 
Lordshia would a s s um e that a 
board which demonstrated A- ■ 
bona fide! intentibn. to redeem. 

. was entitled not ■ merely to -a .. 
" redemption statement showing 

debenture holder, and his pow- . .how'mucfa was still owing, bid 

ers of management were an- 

Mr Shamji, as sole director of ciliary to that dutyr In re B 
the plaintilf companies, had Johnson <£ Co (Builders) Ltd 

entered into an agreement with 
an undisclosed third party, 
which it was said would provide 
tbe funds necessary to pay off 
the outstanding debt, and re- 
deem the remaining assets. 

The agreement was said to 
involve sale of some or an of toe 
remaining assets, and for tbe 

Johnson A Co (Builders) Ltd 
(J19SSJ Ch 634). 

it was suggested (hat toe 
duties to account specified bi- 
sections 497, 498 and 499 of the- 
Companies Act 1985 were «x-. 

also to reasonable- information 
about the nature of the assets 
stiff _in the bands of tbe rarely- , 
era, provided the ' giving of 
information did not prejudice 
the debenture border’s interests. 

' Tn the present caseC it was not 
unreasonable for the recovers to 

haustivr, hut his Lordship did . be war* aboat disclosing appar- 
mi think that could be rigbtsee^ entiy innocuous information- - 
Jeffreys v Dickson (0865) LR l Solid tors: Holman, Eenjmkk 

ChApp 183). & Wilfan; Beshfields. 


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Piggott leaves punters in cold 


Lester Piggon’s first day of 
action, as a trainer brought no 
joyio hard-jwessed punters on 
a freezing afternoon at Not- 
tingbamycaenday Cagliostro, 
backed from. 6-4 down to 5-4 
on to get the maestro off the 
mark in the Clumber Maiden 
Stakes, could only finish third 
behind Royal Effigy.' 

After Knightly Dfe had 
taken thud place behind Wes- 
sex Kingdom in the4.0Qpm at 

Wai^STwalter SwSbuS 

then -rode Geordie’s Detight 
"S® Place behind 

?^J3*** “ the 'little' 
■jgl? EBF Stakes at Cohwck 
Pane about 15 minutes later. 

The trainer was at home in 
Newmarket -with -a. cold and 
hi s wife, Susan had 10 cope 
wth the frustrated media: 1 
find • all this • fiiss quite 
unnerving^ she said ^after- 
wards, “Both horses ran .per- 
fectly sitisfactbriW. After alL 

its early days yet^ 

Further drainti folio wedthe 

finish - of the Clumber Stakes. 
After Swhabnrn had tried to 
make all ; the naming bn 
Ogtiastro.the pair were head- 
centering; the last fttriong by 
John Williams on Royal Effi- 
ar- Bui Tony Ives, denied a 
clear run on Dusty Diploma- 
cy. had to switch ms mount to 
the outside and - was only 
beaten by-half a'length. 

For a lew minutes Derek 
Leslie, the trainer pf Royal 
Effigy, was the happiest man 
on the trade “It’s a question 
of one former jockey beating 
another," said the 57-year-old 
former rider. “Its 28 years 
since I retired from the saddle, 
but I once ride against Lester 
over bundles ai Newbury.’*' 

deserve that." he said. “At 
least it shows my horses are in 
form as I have now had a 
‘-winder and two seconds from 
only four runners." 

Below Zero 
keeps up 
hot streak 

George Driffield was the 
jockey in form, the Newmar- 
ket rider landing a 59-1 double 
on Cresta Auction and Cosmic 
Flight. Mark Usher proved the 
trainer for soothsayers as the 
Lain bourn handler completed 
a 3)4-] double when Intuition 
romped home by 8 lengths in 
die concluding Nottingham 
Handicap at 2(M. 

Carueades. at 6-4 on, was 
the sixth consecutive 
^vourfie to be beaten as your 

• However, Leslie's moment 
of triumph was soon spoilt 
when the announcement came 
that Ives.' bad lodged ad 
objection to the winner on the 
grounds of '*taldngmy ground 
in fee test furlong”. The 
jockey's protest, was upheld 
and the platings of the first 
two reversed. 

correspondents nap plodded 

into third place 10% lengths 

Mark Usher (left) and Georoe Driffield, who both had 
doubles at Nottin gham 

i yesterday. 

The stewards verdict- cer- 
tainly represented a change of 
luck for Michael Jarvis, as the 
Newmarket trainer had earlier 
suffered the frustration of 
saddling the second in both 
die first two Taces. “I reckon I 


Full marks must go to the 
Nottingham executive, who 
had worked night and day to 
repair the havoc created by 
last week's fire, which has 
caused £250,000 worth of 
damage to the stand. “Luckily 
we were fully insured." said 
Johnny Henderson, the chair- 
man of Racecourse Holdings 
Trust, the owners of the 
Racecourse. “We have now 
got to try and deckle what 
kind of new stand we want 
and get the work done before 
the winter." 

Terry Ramsden. the flamboy- 
ant racehorse owner, arrived by 
helicopter at Kempton Park 
yesterday and made a fine start 
to Grand National week when 
his Below Zero won the Middle- 
sex Handicap by two and a half] 
lengths from Farag. 

Ramsden. who recently pur- 
chased the Grand National joint 
favourite. Mr Snugfit. said: “I 
hope to have a few more 
winners this week. Mr Snugfit 
had a workout with two hurdlers 
and another chaser yesterday 
and finished with head in chest. 
He'll go really well in the big 
race and is great value each-way. 

Haifa dozen Ramsden horses, 
are lined up for this week's 1 
three-day Liverpool meeting 
apart from Mr Snugfit. They are 
Steareby. Brunico and My> 
Dominion, plus two others. 

Ray Cochrane, following up 
his Easter Saturday double, got 

the Newmarket trainer. Alan 
Bailey, off the mark with Below 
Zero. Bailey trains 25 horses for 
Mr Ramsden. 

While the reigning champion 
jockey .Steve Cauthen. was still 
trying to gel off the mark, the 
American s great rival. Pai 
Eddery, was in double form. 
The Irishman won the Rosebery 
Stakes on Nebris and the Ruth 
Wood Stakes on Longghursu 

Results from yesterday’s 14 Flat and National Hunt meetings 

Kempton Park Hnndnedon 

Going: soft — ■_ „ ° .. 

1, GREY DESIRE (K Parley, U- - 
». 16 -lfc 

£160. £350. £150. DR £8350. CSR 

Sfc*n> Ro*mnc*t fW Carson. 15-2). ALSO 
RAM: 9-1 Oitf Jock IQ-IMrtodyPwk 4th. 
16-1 Votvados 6m. 20-t Crete Cargo. 25- 
1 Famcombe SB*, Ocean Tradw. 33-1 ■ 
Really Honest. 50-1 Cockalorum. 
GenoiwcM. ttrectos Taka Time. Mount . 
Argus. Puteingti. 15ran.31.nk, XI, 2JM.Dk. 
M Britan at WarthB. Tote: £lJ90:E1.2ft 
£360. £330. DR £1330- CSF: £13.84. 
1m« ig.OOsec. 

_ writ 

2Jff2m 300yd, hdte) 1, For A Lark (E 
Murpti'. 2-l tavt 2. Rum law (4-1k 3. ■ 
Orarton (20-1). 10 ran. 41 a. Ur Canara. D 
AWttson-TokK £330: £1.70. £130, £330 
DR ElO.BG. CSR £1230. 

230 (2m 4f. ch) >1 

£1030; E2J0. £170. E1.6G DF: £24.70. 
CSR £1939. 21U. %L 

465 (2m 150yd, hdto) 1, trataad OHri (W 
Newton. 6-lkS Exhaltad Dawn (5-2 lav). 
3. Gray Tomuoo (7-1). 13 ran. T La Grice. 

Soham (11-2). Penon 5-4 fav. nk. il 8 ran. 
K Bridgewater. Tote: £12.10; E2SG £1 30, 
EIJOTdF: £3830. CSF: E45.0G 
3.0 |1m 61180 yd) 1. Peail Rm (G King. 

L30 (2m 4{, 

S ' <-1^2, 

ifc a Ftefmngtao .. 

Woodland Generator. 8, 11 Urs J 
PnnwyTotK £430; £160. £130, £400- 
DR £830. CSR £1334. . 

33 (2m 200yd, hdto) 1, Do Or Dte (E 

£230. CSR £5.77. 

Ptaeopot £340 to a 50p ataka 

TotK £630; £13G £1.40. 22.10 DF; 
£830. CSR £2240 61 25L 


23 C 

5.10 (2m 51 110yd. hdto) 1, OokJ Tycoon 
i Sherwood, 9^ Z L* (7-2 * favr 3. 

iid Strip a- 7-2 ft fav. 
TotK fc£.0fe £2.10, 

(S She 

P - 1 TptK fiift £130, £3.70. £230. DR 

fav Com StraaL 133 Fuafler. Rena Pnttp 
4th. 6-1 Fonnaaaw. 9-1 Alcjinn 6th. £0-1 

£827G CSR 346.15. Tricart: £25434. 
330 (2m 41. eti) 1, Cola Portar (G 

MoCourt.2-1); 2. Beck hi Aetton ffi-4 tavk 
- _ 4 fan. M Banks. 

»l XL H Cottncrtcfoo at NewnaikBL- 
Tojk Efi.80; OM 0.00, £230. DF; 
£84.40. CSF: £13735. Trtaast £92436. 
1mm 6024 sec. 

245 IlmSni, NEBRIS (Pat Eddery. 14- 
1): 2. Abu Kadra (M Wtaham. T2-U 3, 
JoTaGM (Paul Eddeiy. l£t). ALSO fCW: 
4-1 fav XhaJ. 6-1 Boom Patrol 5tb. 9-1 ' 
DueOng 6th, Wei Meet Again. 10-1 
Gundrado, 12-1 Madey Ftoofa. Thar a. 
Your Lot 14-1 AlFWr. Ffidgoliekj 4th. 16-1 

3. _. 

TotK £230. DR 


43 100yd, ch) 1, 1 Oo» Stung (Mr A 

4-7 tavfc X Nawnfnm' (9-ri; 3, Itobact 


Henry (9-1 

Rebd. J Datohooke. TotK £1.70T£1 
■ £240.XJRE4.1D,CSR£736.Dfat3L 
430 (2m 200yds, -hdto| 1, 

r ftyfc 2C Nawnfnm' (9-11:3, Hobart 
(9-1J. 7 ran. Nr: Brave Song. Regal 
J DMhookS. TotK £1.7® £14G 

LoranzD . IM nchards, - 7-4 . ' tovk 
Kingnobn Ooay (92): 3. Deep Trouble (9- 
41 ¥ tan. P. tfedgnr. ToatfeiO; £1.80. 
£220. XIR £53G^SR£9.79. 7L W. 

Snostakovttch, 20-1 Karmicky QtwL 33-1 
1 2L nk. «. 2M. 2L R 

Gay CaptSHv 15 ran. 2L nk, «, 2KL2L R xi JTi— J£ 


Tncasfc £2,17370. 2mk> 2230s*c. 


1 PiMatoiy 6th, 73*10 V) . 

20-1 Saucier, 33-1 Beta VWn,Dc*iSeT 

RawUna. 14 ran. 51 21 

Keieway at 
£23G £1.50, 

5-ik 2. Shades of «Ut^atEddeiy,6-1); 
3. Always A Lar^r P Thomson, 14-T). 
ALSO RAN: 7-2 fav Oir Pat 5th, 5-1 Rmal 
Rabbin. 6-1 Fowl Ptey. Johnhema 4#i, 10- 



i. wt, m at p 

et Toto: £630; ' 

. £2601 DR £28.10. CSR 
£37.00. 1mfnQ6>77seo. - - .• : " 

345 (taO <4. BB3H? *BRO iR’ 
Cocfaarto. 4-1tZ ito«m&ttn;«. 
lav); 3, (%4ngh AB Away (O McKay, t&l L 
AlifoRAN&t BakeraDm^GD^bDer 
Atasmon 5th. 10-1 -Caroe 40, Quickflb- 
T& Bri 6fh, 20-t Brant Rfawstti. 33-1 
Hoorrnr HwnBtoa » ran. 2W, 12L 
in. A BaHayet Newmartcet TotK £830; . 
£200. £120. 2360. DP. EBWJi.CSR 
£13.39. 1mm 54 33 sec. _ 

DscmtoSth. 12-1 Grove Tower 4th. 164 
MarkaUus. Quartarftoah ._6 ra n. Ht L^lfX 
154L 1SH. C H o^j at BWegbetr. Tottr: 

(2m hda) 1. Bawdies FMy (R -1 
Beogan. 10-1b 2 Deswoy 00-1); 3. 
Donavan*& Choice (11-10 fav). 14 raa 61, 
ia D Batons. Tott: £9-40: £240. £660, 
£1.10. DR £46220. CSR £180-52- 
: 235 (2rn ch) TT Aura'S MHe (Judy 
Btokaney, 10-1); 2. Smart Reply (1^11 
tovk 3. Lariy-0 p-IL 7.rsn. nk. 71. NR: 
LBo. R Bt* Toue £740; £270, 
£140. DR £6. 1C- CSR £1992 

On 11 ch) 1. Co ItooberfH Davies. 


.. L £160. DF; 

£36G CSF: £762. 

345 Cm hdle) f. Saffron Lard ® 
Povwfl. fa 2. Admiral's RUer (2-1 tav);3. 
Bahwestta-1). 12 ran. hd. 10L LKsnnwiL 
Tdik £4.60; £160, £1.70, £240. DR 
£6.60. CSR E14JM. 

430 (2m M cb) 1, Lucky Raw p de 
Hun.64);2 Ben Lair (46 tavkd. Lasaluc 
(7-U3 ran. 13, dtet-T&Wgm. TotK £23d 
DF: £140£SF; £267. " 

. . 465 (2m hdle) 1. Puago Boy (Mr B 
Towara, 20-1t 2, Baffle (±S fav): 3. 
(114 “ 

J (12-1). Stars And Strip 

13 ran. J Spearing. Tote: £. . _ _. 

£1.70, £360. DF; «260. CSFS23.71. 31. 


Ptocapot £8670. 

£10.40. CSF: £2467. Tricast £90.19. 

330 (S0 1. Gohtorina (R CinnL 10-1): 
2. Rowekmg(4-n;3. Sams Refra«i(1 6-1 L 
Amatea Cymra 7-4 taw. hd. 4L 10 im. W 
Turner. Tore: £760: £220. £160. £240. 
DF: £96.40. CSF: £49.60. 


46 (5f) 1. Waaam Kingdom (M HUS. 3- 
1K 2 Mulm Mutta (2-f 


215 (6fl 1, Easy Une U Scafly, 16-lk 2. 
Absolute Master (8-1 1 3. Touch Me Not 

On (4-1). n. Ml. 6 ran. 

Tote: £460: £240. El .60. DF; £660. CSF: 

430 (im 2f 170 yd) 1. Star Of Inland (jG 

30 (1m 2f 170)401 

3- 3-1 (Wavt 2. 

10-11 tav Wtegfan 4th. 10 ran. Nk, 
. P Hasten. Toto£3360: £6.10. £210. 
£160. DR Winner or second with any 
Mher horse £33ft CSF: £135.15. 

King. 3-1 (Mavk 2 Screes (16-lt 3. 
Skwoot (5-1). loL IL 10 ran. Arrow Beak 
3-1 rf-tav. Q Price. TotK £3.40; £130. 

245 (8f) 1, Sadden 
WMwortn, 10-1): 2 

. _ (8-lfc 3. 

Stevtean (14-1). Gods Solution 3-1 fav, 
8fc-lTran.11.14l.ICl “ 

Stanatot a n (11-fc 16 ran6t.6L D Barons, 
ran; £1940; B4.40. £130. £270. DF: 

i Lady. TtL XL MG Pua-Toto: 
£260: £140. £130, £1.12 DP. £ 


£1860. CSR £41 46. 
Placcpefc £8035 to 50p stoke 

...... . TotK £14- 

40; £2-70. £430. DF: £10212 CSR 
£90.78. Tncasfc £135666. 

215 Qjpkmm nQ-lm s, 

5 m). 7rwv )4L4L M JarvkkTMKQ^ 
wm. KL80- OR £1960- CSR £43.12 
After a stewerta im*jiry and an objection. 
Dusty DqUotracy wno finteiad second 
was awarded the race and Royal Effigy 
was rafegefiad to second place. 

345 r " ' “ • 


Tricast £21632 
53 (im) 1. Wgh Halo (J Mantras. 7-2K 
2 Hot Mania (Evens tavt 2 Boxers 
Stakes (33-1). W, BL 6 ran. NR: Dynamic 
Baby. I raiding. Tore: £460; £1 .90. El 30. 
DF: £340. CSF: £722 
Ptocapot: £7020 


Ctoto| good to soft 

Double. _ ... . 

Ungfield Lady (6-4 tovL 1 0 ran. 1 VSk ..... 
JBrtans. TotK £320: £1. 10. £ 1.10. £130. 

(2m 80yd Me) 1. Aktonka 

Doubto. ^Tchato.Rta^^ 


230 Om <1 hdto) 
BunchoN. T1-4 
Water Eaton 
W o mtowon h . 15L 


DR £8230. CSF; 

£3S| £200, £130- DR £K30. 


'tk3.Le Verio 

imBfm >2 
mi n an, 
4 ABttomitanwef 

Hffl^1.Ba na aofcrto(D Dutton, 
B-Ik 2- Son Ol Manrdo (4-1); 3, 
HlttoOdaoboo (5-1 kQueflty Prince 3-1 fav. 

17 ran. NR: EscapisL Andy Lou. IL HU. >1 
fl.ToteTfflTO; '£1.70, 

3. Mftw 

£430; £130, 


CSF: £2936.20*1 5537 

£130. DR £20.10. 

BROWN (P Cook, 7 

George (Pal Ed 
RAN: 4-1 fT fav 
raker Boy 4m. 10 

n Devi 

HM Ctapfena Ctob, 

. -*-T Jl 
DowR 5fc 


*7 :to»fc 2. . 

Cww*mpo-i). il 
a. a . 3 Edwarda- Tote: £130; £1.40, 
E4.4Q, £1330. OF: £31:00. CSR £1545. 

, 46 om If ch) 1. nay The Knave (M 
ftorringtoft 9^2 Caw W yton (Evans 
fovfc 3. Mounroaver n36}. « ran. NUto. 
4L P B^.TbtaTS^ £240. £1.10. OR 
£430. CSR £7068. 

. 430f3raWdl)1.Ru»< 

9 tov): 2 Lonesome Pkk( 

Laty{l2-ll 7 ran. NR I 
R Waaii^g: Tone £140; £1. 

£280. Off: £553.-. 

Ptecepat: £148 - 4 ; . 

BhaxM.Tole: £870; £1.70, £142 £140, 
£21fkflF.-120b4a-CtSJ^ £4636.- 
36 (3m 

3. F<ne Steel l 

ran. KL 12L. . 3 

“ 1,12 CSR £2363. 


£4.40. £3.10. £430: 


415 (im 50yd) 1, Create Auction (G 
DuffiokL 3-1): 2 Qoordtos Deigw (9-2); 3, 
Pasticcio (evens tav). 5 ran. 31, 31. Q 
Prttchard-GonJon. TotK £4.10: £210. 
£1.40. DR £830. CSR £15.71.. 

445 (Im 60 1, tMuiHan(J Carter. 20-1): 
, Cameedes 
l Usher. Tom: 

CSR £22431 Tricast £356.15. 

Ptocapot £46132 

DF:£36a C8R £1338. 

250 (3m ch) 1. AMe SoNor (Mr 3 
Andrews. 64 jt-favt 2 Prince Rowan (5- 
2L 3, 

4M. 6 raalSL 
£1.40. £280. DF: E8.50.CSF: £212 

22S (2m 80yd ixSo) 1, Rocky’s Bel (K 
2-1 fc 3. 

TotefSlSo: 1 ^ 36.~£i .70. OR £24aCSF: 

Townend. Evens lav): 2 Dhotar (2-1); 3. 

" 6 ran. 71 ia W Hokton. 



uB|imMn,mrn»|J un 

2 Leprachaun Lady (12-1*4, Ce 

? -6fMt 11 ran. 8t 2»l.M Ush 
1530; £360, £270. £1.60: OR I 

40 (2m ch) 1. Dam Bean* (Mr R Mann. 
7-lJc 2 Marpneau (5-4 fav): 2 RedFtome 

£130, £332 OR £13.1 
330 (3m 100yd 01)1. 

, 1 t«: Z VouYe Weteorae l 

a Bfie Tarty* (12-1). Cyteandian 11-1t 
fav. 5 ran. 7L dfet G W Rtehards. TotK 
£7,10; £210. £130. DF: £86tt. CSR 

43 £2m hdle) 1. Buck tto (J J O'NaH, 
Brans rav);2 Straw Player (7-4); 2 BWor 
(10-1). 11 ran. 15C34MH Eastetby.TotK 
£l.7ft £1.10, £130. £260. DF: £332 
CSR £537. 



Gains heavy 

215 (3m h<Se) 1, m A - 

ONeB. 11-10tav);2,RowtyU>dge(16- 
1Y 2 Rodger Defl (2-1). 10 ran NR: 
ItedeshzC a Mrs 7 Mtmn. TotK £220; 
£150. £230, £132 DR £1090. GSR 



(Miss V Herns. 8-1): 2. Ramoteg WM 
it 2 Living Rra (7-4 tevl tt. 4L 7 rai 
(touts. TotK £1330: £340, £460. 


Cl* 3L 12 6 ran. I Mann. To« £1 23ft 
D, £1.10. DF: £11.10. CSF: E1R88. 
435 (2m 80yd_hcHe)_l .Jtondy't Brail 

‘'TO WM (5- 
4 7 ran. J 


{Kill CSR £5528. 

5.10J2m Sf 110yd ch) 1. Prince Caftan 
(Mtes C Saunders 2-1); 2 SOent Echo (9; 
2t 3. JOS* (6-1). Sknark S-4 tov. a 8L 6 
ran. Mrs J Bloom. Tour; £2 3 0 ; £130. 
£1.80. DR £4^ft CSF: £1214. 

Plsoepat £6630 to a 50p stake 


i4-l Crank s Quality. . 1S-1 ftaewton 
Grace 8fc 100-1 LoskBibk 

Nr. Meason King. 2L W. nk. 31. JLP 
CundeH at Nmdliiry. ' Tote: £63ft £2J0i 
£1.60. £1.50. OF; E2440 CSR £4220 
Tncast £151.79. Iirtn OftlOsat WUK- 
drawn: Broadwater Muse, deducatloo 
lOp m the pound. 




£220 £270. DF: 

,10; £140, 




330 (btoh Natrona! 3m 41 < 
(M Fwnn. 16-1); 2. On 
1):3. Bold Agaot(J P I 
RAN: 3-1 fBvRWjtharx 


£130, £130 DF: £360 CSF: 

hdto) 1.- Voywnl 

WHbms.20-ft JL Ktosbcwhe Lad AH 
Milford Lad (T0-1t 4. Rtocasa Hecate 

5.10 (3m hdto)-1, Yaboo (Mr P Jobmron, 
' ,KDted Scotpo-l^Frtray^ 

MHOWtad Scot (10-1);, 

r lL 11 ran. NR: mart. Durty Fariow. 3t 
D Wtoila. TotK £7,10; ti.80. £1.40. 
£230. DF: £1030. C3.R £1369. 

(10-1). bnperiun 5-2 tav. IL 12L 20ran. R 
Peritsw.ratK £5730: Ea.10.T26O £470. 

i Charley. 151. 15L W A 
son. TtotK £33ft £130, 020. 

Ptecepot E113.W. Jackpot not woo. 

£630- OR £630 (1st or 2nd_«Mh any 
OPHl CSF; £20742 
: 2301 

£2330. CSF: 
tengths. 14 

- E3QJ0 



£4.00; £260. £2.10. DR £940 CSR 
E15JB. . . 

436 (3m 21 Ch) 1, SotofM (J A 

Skip. 8-1 Hard'Ceae. 10-1 Mtater Dono- 
vatv 14-1 The BLer (4th) Lucous, 16-1 
Maori Venture, Morcota Androy. 20-1 
Sestai Bridge. Danng Run. M-1 
Dakmora. 15 ran. NR: Ashley House. Fair 
b Fob. IM. BL P Hughes in kstond. TotK 

£131; 34p. 19p. 31 p. 33p. C.&F: £8202 
Tncast £1603.75. to a lOp stew. 


Newton Abbot 

36 fbn! 

I fav); 2 

ISl’^bSL To« £230; £1 
£1.60 OF; 0.80 CSF: £888. 

Going: soft 


1, GALLIC TIMES (N Crttoto. 
14-1); 2 Btoereiede (A Bacon « itaft 2 
Tooteto Jay (R HSs. 14-1) ALSO RAhL^- 
J Boy Stegar 4fc 9-1 itowdMrVkteo^ Sfc 
10-1 J J Jtovw 6th. 6ran. 2)%4L h4S.a 
4L Mss I M Eton at ltewteltTOtK £1060; 
£230. £130. DR £532 CSR £2532 
Imtn 07.32SW1 

Nctte Saxon 4th. 5 ran. II. dirt. 15L felP 
KeUeway at NaeonarkaL Tola: £3.7ft, 
nm ti.ia DF: £1.60. CSR £535. imto 

DF: £930. CSF: £13.18. 


(Mr OToole, 

3. Gentle Ap 
fav. Bi. 10L 
Hutsbny. To 
£430. CSR £1267. 

^ w B , iSr,ss r i l ss 



AftbR £260. CSR E5-71. 

Manoeuvres (7-2). ahM. 41 10 r»a IOT: 
S Meaor. Ta»: £230; £130, 

40 Ora 100y ch) 1. 

Tiy To Stopito. Brw yAt. i t. shhd,3L*L 
MH Easterby at Ot 

E130. £3 60 DF: £10:10. CSR £11.12 

todgson. lO-ILMSOHAIt 5^ tevTww 


: Stove 16-11 tav. 

OSL O ran. NR: bfr Moto.Q Hantaan- Tow: 
£8.60: £130, 0410. DR £8130. CSF: 

£1.60. £660, £3 2D. DF: £4060. CSF:. 

Ptacepct et6750 

215 Om a 100yd, 

Shstwood. 74 toy); 2 . . 

Hoad ToMandatey (S3). 6 ran. 

Way, LanacraBrkfoe. Lance Private. C4m 
Vrttoy. Tolar fiOft £1-80, £260. DR 
£540: CSR £635-1*1, dbt 


& 2 toefl DrBer (11-2). 5 ran. Nr V^UUalC 
Oinvttino. TotK £130: £1.10, £130. DF: 

£270. CSF: £335. 20L 1*. • 

335 (2m 51, ch) 1, Nnrd Meder_(S 

5.10 (&r hdto) 1. Bkdf Cove (P Dover. 
153 tevk 2. Blew P-H(. 1 

CSF: £1633. . 
Ptocapot £2165 

Sherwood, 4-1): 2 Atateho (5-1): 2 Rro 
Drfl (7-1J. 7 ran. A Boy Named Skmx 
fav. 4fc □ Bsworfc raw £430; £240. 

GctoE Heavy 


“ 2 Ardssee (5-2 lav); 3. 


: 6-4 

■1). 3L id. 10 Ran. C J Bel 
03ft £330, 

£130. DR £1130. CSR £2233. ffl. 2%L 
4J (2m 150yd. 1x84 1. Gtazepte Arpki 
(V WiKams, 7-SZ Bow Acctefan ®4q; 2 
Sword Ptoy (9-2). Glen Common 3-1 tav. 
15 ran. Nn General Option. O Carter. TOW 

. £130. £13a OF: £1660. 

CSR £1537. 

245 (3m 100yd IxM) 1. CaHra <D 
Condel 5-1 k 2 Rytng Oats (3-1 tav); 3. 
Mossrarran (7-2). 4L 2L 8 Ran. Mbs M 
Barwort Tote: £760: £220, £120, £1.40 
OR £8.10 CSR £1933. 


Buoy, 8-1 IvoreskL 9-1 H8lwn®W. 

Mas Money em. 14-l.PoKey fifc 
Tharasaos. 11 raa_Nr : Master Cert lftL 

i'AL fid. « m tf Mdton 

Tote; £730: £1.90,_ £410, £430 DR 

KL90 ^39. THtaSt £511641 

^Salyflf&OSE MLi. Kl Hodoaoa 5- 


Q 2SSnSae)f- TavargoeJP Corrigan 
2-lk 2 Negra&oo p-1): 3, Bren Gunnat 


i ch) 1, 

To* DF: 

CSF: £39.08. In* MTIsai 

133k 2 • 

3, Both L 

ALSO RAN: v c 

I RadW 14-1 Rwetoton ^-6 

Cotmv RaSai Sfc 14-1 Rnrabton 5th. G 
Newmarkat TotK Q.40; £1^0 J25B. DR 

immniuiir rvw-—-’— — zvys 

HO. 10. CSF; £1737. imm 3965sac 

Ptaoepgt; E2130. 



8.15 (2m 330yd hdto) 1. Trawd Hcawj 
G Dun 11-8 favk 2 Remoindwl" 

3. Another Gear (9-4). fc 8L 4 Ran. 
Oertw. Tow £230. DR £230. CSF: 

245 (2m 330yd hdWJ. The Stock Sack 
(Mr A Fowtor B-t ta^Tl Cheenys Brig (7- 
T^j^enna 31 19 ran. NR: 

Qatowoo(i% BsayT Tow £210; £1.70, 
" DR £4.70. 

£220. £130. DR I 

import. Jasto m acL 
TcW £3.10; El." 
70. CSR £1537. 

415 (3m ch) 1. Contare Candy (Mr S 
Cia a te igham . 9-4 foyk 2. r 

• A good turn by the Newport 
Pagnell trainer, Sid Price, 
helped Simon McNeill, the 
jockey, to a double yTslcrday. 
McNeil! began the day at 
Huntingdon, where he com- 
pleted his three booked rides, 
one of them on the Price-trained 
Dovmdge, but then had to get 
across to Towcester. 

Price, who pilots his own 
helicopter, offered to drop him 
off on his way home, and 
completed the 311-mile journey 
in strong winds and rain. The 
grateful Newmarket jump 
jockey went on to win on 
Springwood and Dancing 

Other National Hunt jockeys 
in form yesterday were Simon 
Sherwood, who travelled to 
Newton Abbot to pull offa four- 
timer on Meisier. Hany's Dou- 
ble, N otd Hinder and Gold 
Tycoon, and Paul Barton. The 
latter, who had to miss Chelten- 
ham through injury, completed 
a treble for the John Edwards 
stable at Hereford. 

1): 2 Grayroae Acatomk: (20-1 .. . 

11 ran. D UcGarva. Tow E2'7tt £130. 
£330. £830. DR £1280. CSF £4864 
445 (2m efin. Wantooff (B Storey. 3-1 
P*rk I oww (7-2): 3. 

IV Lady Laywer3-1 h-tav. 5L 1»L 7 rgL 
4jS0. T cihbeft TOW £430; £1.60, 

£210. DF: £570. CSF: £1362 
Ptocapoc £2430 


Simon Sherwood: four win- 
ners at Newton Abbot 

• Goose Hill emerged as a 
probable for the 1,000 Guineas 
at Newmarket on May 1 follow- 
ing her surprise victory over 
Improvise in the Northern 
Handicap at Newcastle yes- 
terday. The Mick Easterby- 
trained filly drifted in the 
market from 3-1 lo 5-1. and her 
trainer was worried thai she 
might not be felly fiL 
“I didn't fancy her at all, 

because she was cast in her box 

* 230 SO ij W wre kto wttar (P 0‘Aray, overnight and I had to pul her 
18-21: & Roycf Soar (7-1); 3. Tayfor ot on the horse walk at home. 


Rnkiy lit 

260f)l. Herat OtGton 
2 Booty (5-4 tav); 3. Fto 

*L 10 ran. P FMtan. Tl 

£1.10, £260. DF: £2338. CSR £2334 


Durham hold on to their crown 


US surge but still lose 

By a Special ^ ^Corte^pwiieiit 

Durham Wasps are the 

Heineken LeagoechampiorKlor 
the second successive year. Ttwy 

clinched the title with home and 
away wins over Whitiev 
Warners ai ibe weekend wth 
Paul Tilley scoring; in* 
and making six assnls iiotow 
his season's tafiy pBtx 50 
Whh John Cioiu approaching 
100 goals ft>r the season- we 
contribution of Purhatw® t® 0 
imports is plain to see. 

Panthers winning 6^4. at ■ 
Suratham to dcpnve the R®**" 
skins of a place in postrseason 
play. The game was a personal 
triumph for Jamie Crapper, who 
sconxtflve of the Nottingham 

Bur the British players, as 
ever, have also made their mans 
this season and Stephen ; 
son (six assists) and his brother 
Anthony (three goals and owg . 
assist) played an important part 
in Saturday's home victory. _ 

The remaining premier di- 
vision fixtures wilt now deter- 
mine who p Jays in which group 
in the play-offs, with four of the 
six to qualify for the Wembley 
championships at the end - of the 

Chiefs on Saturday, they were 
edged out 7-6 at Telford on 
Sunday. In this there was a 
certain irony. The Tdford-Soh-: 
hull rivalry has been the fiercest 
of the season, yet ultimately it 
was Telford's win which secured 
Solihuirs success-:: . 

RESULTS: Prarafer riN W gei Ayr 

11. Murrayflekf Racara7r0urtwTi wa«(M 

12. wifley wamws ft pm a. 

Dundee RoctatS 1; Notnngtwm Pmtfwra 

e nuiMti ii NOttflrtWffi — -»• 

a. Mod BOfTibera 1; Potert toTOugh 

1 1.- Srtflthim Btotafons ftPoratoa 

4 ms y ftrBwlW 18; MjMM» 

The first - division title was 
also decided, withSolihufl Bar- 

.. - nHinOTUm — 

Byars 7; Strewnam 

■ TWhera B; 

Wasps «L 

Abo decided-over the week . 

end was thesixlh and finally* 

off place, with Nottingti*® 


Qurro, bat although theyjnMn- 
SSeditorir challenge 
6. home .win over Owwto. 

%rifi5SnAM?t^ SaWa mptenwar^ 
14 Qinaw Dyiwrios* ft Altrincham 
AC« 7: Bcurasnwrib 

Lta Vaitoy Uans 6. 

Strength in depth enabled the 
British to conclude their defeat 
of the American visitors at the 
Shell Oil Transatlantic Chal- 

S it Doningtoh Park yes- 
But not even a 
urst before the final leg 
could stop a glorious chaise by 
two American stars. 

Kevin Schw&ntz and Fred 
Merkel , fust-time visitors to 
Britain, shared six victories out 
of eight races and ended up top 
individual points scorers. 
Sehwaniz on 84 points and 
Merkel on 79. The top Briton 
was Roger . Burnett with 73. 
Britain packed the middle 
places and. won the series by 314 
points to 214. . 

Schwa nit’s success came on a 
borrowed Suzuki that had been 
intended for Ron Haslaxn. For 
contractual reasons the focal 

hero had to ride a standard 
Honda road bike. 

Hasl&m managed a heroic 
third place on a machine that 
still wore a tax disc and was 
third again in yesterday’s final 
leg after less success on a full- 
race bike the event before. He 
had taken over Roger Marshall’s 
works Honda after the Grimsby 
rider was injured in a support- 
jngvace wash. 

Rob McBnea. the British 
team leader, managed one win 
and a second in the series on a 
Yamaha superbike that turned 
oul to be unexpectedly slow. 
Merkel, the rival team leader, 
was jubilant. “We Americans 
race to win," he said. 

He and especially Schwantz 
may follow in the footsteps of 
Freddie Spencer, the world 
champion, and Kenny Roberts, 
Resales, for the record 




Mahaffey wins a big round 
in his battle with the bottle 

From Mitchell Platts 
Ponte Vedra, Florida 

The rehabilitation of John 
Mahaffey began some three 
years ago when he promised his 
father, who was suffering from 
an incurable disease, that he 
would give up drinking and put 
his heart and sou! into nis career 
again. Mahaffey, who had won 
the 1978 United Slates PGA 
Championship, recognized that 
if he were to climb hick to such 
lofty heights be would need to 
return to the straight and 

The Tournament Players’ 
Championship, which finished 
here on Sunday, is regarded as a 
"significant" rather than a 
“major"event but Mahailey's 
victory provided funher ev- 
idence that bis self-imposed 
teetotal existence has resur- 
rected what most observers rn 
his younger days predicted 
would be a vintage career. 

- He won with a final round of 
71 for a 1 3- under- par winning 
aggregate of 275 by hanging in 
while his American compatriot, 
Larry Mize, squandered a ihree- 
hole'lead with four botes to play 
as he came home in 40 for a 76. 

Even so, Mahaffey deserved 
the $162,000 first prize - he is 
top of the American money list 
with £244,736 this season — 
because he employed his experi- 
ence to remain composed in the 
knowledge that, as ibr final 
round unfolded, so the rel- 
atively unknown Mize would be 
burdened by the increasing 

Mahaffey confesses that he 
might not have been able to 
visualize things that way three 
years ago. “How's my mind 
compared to that time? Weft, it’s 
not so foggy. Look, I had started 
to lose everything I had and I 
certainly wasn't able to compete 
at the level that 1 felt I had done. 

“Chinking was definitely 
detrimental to my golf game. 
The problem was I couldn't sit 
down and just have one or two 
with the boys. I needed another 
and another. My dad spotted the 
problem a long time before I 
did. It was only when he was 
dying that I finally listened. I 
promised him that I wouldn't 
touch another drop I haven't 
and it saved me." 

Mahaffey, now 37, took a. sip 
of his diet Coke, then consid- 
ered what his victory in the TPC 
might do for his career. “I’m not 
satisfied even with being where I 
am right now. I want more out 
of my life and my career. 7 spent 
years, when I headed for the bars 
and the other guys headed for 
the practice ranges, not trying to 
improve my game. There were 
guys out here who made the 
sacrifices and got the rewards 
while 1 stayed on the same run.” 
RNALTOTALSt 17ft J Mahaffey. 89. 70. 
65. 71; 275: L MIZ4 66. 68. 86. 76; 280: T 
Simpson. 72, 70, 68. 72; 281: T Kite. 69, 
69. Tl. 72 B Upper. Tl. 65. 73. 72: J 
TTiarpK 6B. 68. 747ft 282:JCook.71.73. 
70. 6ft H Sutton. 71. 72 68, 71; J Haas.; 

Other acorn toctotlrat 289: B 
Longer (WG). 70. 73, 73, 73: 294 K Brown 
(GBjTtz. 71, 76, 75. 

The road hack to happiness: Mahaffey and bis wife Susie 
celebrate with a hog as the good times roll again 

Bonallack’s hopes high 

Ponte Vedra, Florida — With 
Bernhard Lunger and Ken 
Brown i»n»dhing down the field 
and Nick Faldo and Sandy Lyle 
m facing the halfway cut, Mi- 
chael Bomrllack, the secretary of 
the Royal and Ancient, enjoyed 
probably the most successful 
time of any European at the 
Tournament Players* 

Championship here (Mitchell 
Platts writes). 

Bonallack’s mission in the 
United Stales is to seek 
confirmation from the leading 
players that they intend to 
compete in the Open Champion- 
ship at Tnraberry this summer. 
No fewer than a dozen of the 
leading 20 US PGA Tour 
moneywinnen were missing 
from Royal St George's last 
year. Among them were Curtis 
Strange, the leading 
moneywinner in 1985, Andy 
North, tirn US Open champion. 
Hale Irwin, Hal Sutton and Ray 

So Bonallack. after speniiag 
a week at the Players* Chib, was 
particularly pleased to report 
that he has met with virtually a 
100 per cent response from those 
players asked if they will attend 
the Open. Moreover, he is 
hopeful that Tom Wetskopt 
who won the Open at Royal 
Troon in 1973, will enter again - 
be has this season emerged from 
his self-imposed semi-retire- 

ment — and that Calvin Peete 
will change his mind about not 
wishing to participate. 

Bonallack said.-" Jim Thorpe 
and Jerry Pate have told me that 
they will try and convince Calvin 
that be shonld play and I've 
spoken to the player myself. I 
think he might change his mind 
and it is also encouraging that 
several of the younger and 
promising American players, 
such as Davis Love, are coming 

There has also been confirma- 
tion that John Mahaffey, the 
new Tournament Players' cham- 
pion, and Strange, the backbone 
of the American tour now that 
Jack N iritis us and Tom Watson 
are struggling, intend to 

The Open remains the most 
historic golf event in the world 
but its prestige is dependent 
upon the strength of the field. 

The one s u r p ri s ing addition to 
the field could be that of Deane 
Beman, the US PGA Tour 
commissioner, who at the age of 
47 is considering playing at the 
Open even though be has not 
competed In a tour event since 

Beman, who was runner-up in 
the US Opeo in 1969, has spent 
ranch of his spare time in recent 
weeks on the practice range and 
aims to play in the Car Care 
Plan International the week 
before the Open. 


Swedes ready for Barcelona 

. Tomorrow, in Goteborg, 
Terry Venables* Barcelona face 
a vigorous, no fancied IFK side 

in the first leg of their European 
Cup semi-final. With Bernd 

Schuster still hoping to find his 
way back to match fitness and 
Steve Archibald the victim of a 
pulled muscle in the last Euro- 
pean Cup game in Turin, where 
he scored his extraordinary goal. 
Barcelona would doubtless be 



Brian GfenviBe 

previous round against Dynamo 
Dresden, after being 3-1 down, 
by promptly going to Hamburg 
in the Bundesliga and winning 

happy with a draw against a side 
ho hai 

who nave nothing to lose. 

Gunde Bengtsson. the man- 
ager of the IFK team, brought so 
brilliantly to the boil by the 
pleasant manager of Roma. 
Sven Go ran Eriksson, would 
have preferred to play the 
Romanians, Steaua Bucharest, 
the army team who in fact will 
be in Brussels feeing an Ander- 
lecht side always immeasurably 
better and more enterprising at 
home than they are away. 

“i don't know a great deal 
about our opponents.*' 
Bengtsson admits, “but it won't 
be a piece of cake. We don't feel 
beaten in advance, far from it. as 
I remember how we eliminated 
Valencia to the UEFA Cup in 
1982. The Spaniards found it 
very hard to understood our 
style of play." Tickets for the 
match at the Uflevi Stadium, 
where England played in the 
1958 World Cup. sold out in a 
matter of hours. 

All the pressure Is now off 
Real in the Spanish League. 

which they have won. Inter, 
having drawn the second leg of 
their quarter-final tie in Nantes 
3-3. promptly crashed 2-0 in 
Turin to Juvemus. in a drab 
game. Juvemus looked drained. 
Inter looked worse. They will 
need lo have Karl-Heinz 
Rummenigge folly fit and 
Sandro Altobelli folly effective 
up front, and wifi hope for a 
much tivlier midfield perfor- 
mance from Liam Brady than be 
gave against Juvemus. 

HergeL the West German 
international sweeper for 
Ucrdingen. midfield player for 
his country, is in particularly 
sbarp form at the moment. 

Against _Hambur^ seeing the 

Madrid’s two teams are in- 
volved in fascinating games. At 
the San Siro stadium in Milan. 
Real Madrid re-run their UEFA 
Cup-tie of last season against 
Internationale: then. Real got 
through after losing the first leg. 
Atiet ico Madrid, in the the 
semi-finals of the Cup Winners' 
Cup. face a Bayer Uerdingen 
side who did their best to silence 
any whispering that went on 
about their 7-3 home win in the 

keeper. Stein, off his line, he 
promptly lobbed him from 
more than 50 yards. 

Dynamo Kiev must be 
optimistic about their Cup 
Winners' home leg against 
Dukla Prague, especially as Oleg 
Blokhin should have recovered 
from the flu which limited his 
performance in Tbilisi last week 
against England. 

When J mei Malafaev. 
Russia's team manager, the 
following day, he told me he 
sent Blokhin on as a substitute 
only because he was so popular a 
player. Oleg Protasov. Russia's 
fine young centre forward, who 
missed the international after 
long absence with a severe 

strain, had. as had Malafaev. 
played the previous day and 
should soon be back in the 
Russian side. 

Argentina, who beat Naples 2- 
I on Saturday, conclude their 
brief tour of Europe tomorrow 
in Zurich with another game 
against club opposition. Rela- 
tions between their centre-half 
and former captain. Daniel 
Passarella. and the team man- 
ager. Dr Carlos Bilardo. remain 
bad; though Argentina's match 
against France in Paris showed 
how vital Passarella is to the 

He didn't want to play at all. 
still infuriated by Bilardo's 
strangely perverse refusal to 
confirm him as a World Cup 
certainty. Passarella even went 
so far as to ask Agroppi. 
manager of his dub. Fiorenlina. 
to send a telex refusing to release 
him. This was done but a phone 
call from Grondona. the Argen- 
tina Federation's president to 
his equivalent at the Florentine 
club. Poniello. oiled the wheels. 
Passarella made a late dash to 
the game; he even forgot his 
boots, which had lo be brought 
on for him. 

On Sunday. Passarella figures 
in a vital Italian League game al 
home to juventus. still three 
points dear of Roma at the top. 

Mark Haiclcy and Ray Wil- 
kins. for AC Milan, and Brady, 
for Inter, should be playing at 
San Siro in the Milanese derby. 
Bui Hatcley. with strained mus- 
cles in the front of his thigh, has 
for weeks been put on the field 

thanks only to painkilling injec- 

tions and it is questionable how 
long this can continue without 
doing him — and England's 
World Cup chances - real harm. 

Brian ClanviUe is Football 
Correspondent of The Sunday 


POOLS FORECAST bv Paul Newman j 


Satadoy April 5 ontew 

Not on eoupMR SinfftoU 
WMMStay v Evorm 
Souteompnn v LherpooL 

1 York v NowDdrt 
Not oa coupons: BtacK- 
pool v Woives: Chester* 
held v Swansea: 

2 RS Soion v Atvecnureh 
1 Weflfno v Chelrnstord 
X WBetwall v FoRiastone 

crampon v Bolton fSuo-. 
day): GBmoram v ftoth- 
omam (Friday). 

2 CMseavipsracn 

v Man U 

1 0xford v Aston Via 
2 WSA v Nottm Fdr 
Not on eoqxm: Bir- 
mingham * Luton (Sun- 
diys Manchester Oty v 
Arsenal; Watford v 

X BtocWwm v Mtodhshro 
1 C Palace v Bradford 
XHudsersfleUv Stoke 
IHuHv Sheffield U 
1 MflMH v Grfcn&by 
1 Norwich v Brighton 

1 Ponsmihv Leeds 

2 Shrewsbury v Chariton 

1 SuKMrtnd v FoBom 
Not on coopons: Carlisle v 
Wiwttedon (Suxtay); OW- 
h«m v Bamstoy (Sunday). 


2 Bovnomtn v pmt*i 

1 Bury v Bristol R 
X Car# v warns 
1 Derty v Brentford 
X Notts Co v Heating 

1 Wigan * Doncaster 

bun. Huddersfield, 

X Aktorshot v Hartlepool 
2 Camb U v Swindon 
1 MsnsfisU v Bumtoy 
1 Port Vela v Hereford • 

1 Wrexham v Petatora 
Not on coupons: Col- 
cnesarvananr (Friday); 
Exeier v Ftocndeto (ftt 
day): HaBtax v Stocfrport 

Scunthorpe v 
(Friday); South- 
end * Torquay (Friday); 
Trenmere v Northampton 


2 Barnet v Nuneaton 
2 Baraev Dagenham 
1 Bath v Dantes 

X Dundee Li v Hearts 
Hot chi coupons: Aber- 
deen v Hfoenion. 


Not on cottons: St Mkran 
v one; Cwdabank v 


1 Airdrie v Alas 
1 Ayr v Rgnfck 
X Brecrtn v DumOerton 
1 Fasurif v Fori* 
IHamtan v Montrose 
1 Mortonv East FHe 

1 FricUeyv Whymouth 


1 Maidstone 

1 Mfealdstno v Scarboro 


1 Fareftamv Gravesend 
X Gascon vetawtoy 

2 K Lyra v Worcester 

l Arbroath v Alteon 
X Cowdsnttti v Mdwbnic 

1 0 ot SA v Duntarmlne 
1 Rerih v E String 

1 Soring v Berwick 

2 Saanreer v StJhnstne 
Not on coopoAK Queen's 


Ajaarsnw, Orient,' 8edwort^&qport| 
wSBenhad. Dtntoo Unfed. Brecfe% 

BEST DRAWS: HuddarelWd. Notts 
Court*. Aldershot Eknooe Unfed, 

A WAYS: Manchester Unfed. Chariton, 

Swindon. Dagenham. Shepsned. 

HQHE& MAvatt. Sunderland. BriatoK*y, 

Derfry, tMgan. Yoric MansfeU. Port Vtafe, 
Bafc Wartdstone. 

. Hamfcon. Arbroath. 

FIXED ODDS: Hones OHfosm, Brian 

Oty, Derby. Wigan, tamtam. Away* 
lfrftwieh,Cflarltofi. “ 

... Swtnoon. Draw* 

HuddbreMfoAfoarehoL Dundae Unfed 


DUTCH; Saturday: A2T67 AftmwrO. PSV 
m l: MW Maaoncrt D, FC 


D; ExeeteJor RoRardsm 0. VW 
w, Jporia Roneraam 6. Heracles 
Aimeto l; Tweme Ensoieoe 1. Roaa jc 
K enoade 1 ; tax Amsterdam 5. GA Eagles 
Deventer 0: FC Dan Baser* i. FC utreert 

1: NEC Mjmegen 0, Haarlem Z Tea- 
tenter. Heredn 1. Excobaa £ Qro- 
nmam 1. AZ'67 AJkmaar 0; PSV 
EmmovonZ. NECKtymegsriChHaarian^ 
Den Bosch 1; threat i. Fortuna Smart ft 
Feyanoard 3. Atex Amsterdam 1; GA 
Eagles 3. TwentaEnschMe3. 

FRENCH: Cup quarter-tarts, tint tog: 
Aurerre 1. Rennes 1; Tours 0. Boraeaux 
i. RC Paris 1, Mareetas % Lens 2. Pans 
S0 1. 

GREEK: PACK 1. Oymptatos 0: ABC t, 
Apoflon 1: Doxa Drama 1, PanacfeM i, 
Pomonioe 2, Elhrrikos ft loanrena 1 . IraWs 
0: Larissa 2, Panseratew 3; Arts 1. 
Kafenana 1 ; PanathmateM 4, OF! Crete i 
EAST GERMAN: Steffi Rfosa 1. KaV 
Marx-Stadt 1: Ceri 2«ss Jena i 0. Un«n 
Berici ft Vonnoris FrenWurt 2, Wtsrrut 
Aue i; Sachaermng Zwickau 3. Magda- 
Burg 3: Ftot-Weta Ertun 4, Hansa 
RtKtoex ft Staffi Braiflenou'g 
L«p»g ft DynafflO Bertln 5, Dynamo 

Drasden2 _ 

WEST GERMAN: BntracW FrtnWufl Z. 
Bayern Murac*- 2; Bayor Uerdngen 2. 
Boyer Lewrkusen 1 : Cologne 1 . Hamburg 
1. Nwemfraraz. Sawtevnefcon Or WMhql 
MannnoHn 3. Scnafte ft KaDentoutern 1, 
Borussta MtinchengUfliach 1; Bochum D, 
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Liverpool on 

twice to put 
of the table 

By Peter Ball 

Liverpool 2 

Manchester City ............ 0 

In vears past Liverpool have 
often won the League champi- 
onship by Easter. They have 
not done so this year, but 
yesterday's news from 
An field, where they moved to 
the top of the table for the first 
time this season bv beating 
Manchester City 2-0. to lead 
Everlon on goal difference, 
will sound ominously familiar 
to their rivals. 

In truth it was not one of 
their more compelling perfor- 
mances. It did not really need 
to be, although they made 
hard work of dismissing a City 
team who defended dourly but 
bad little else to offer. Howev- 
er, as Evcrton have proved 
recently, picking up wins 
when below par is a sign of 
championship potential, and 
the return of Lawrenson will 
further strengthen their chal- 
lenge in the run-in. 

Both sides had made signifi- 
cant changes from the teams 
which drew on Saturday. 

Dalglish, having rested from 
the strenuous encounter at 
Hillsborough, returned re- 
freshed, and although he had a 
subdued opening against the 
close attentions of McCarthy, 
his presence as the focal point 
of their attack made Liverpool 
look much more like their old 

Even so. City’s new face, 
their goalkeeper Siddall, also 
had a surprisingly quiet open- 
ing half-hour. He is on loan 
from Stoke. Nixon having 
paid the penalty for conceding 
IS goals in City’s previous 
seven games, which had 
brought them five defeats and 
two draws. 

For that relief Siddall owed 
as much to Liverpool’s way- 
ward shooting as any newly 
discovered defensive firm- 

Dalglish, Molby and Mc- 
Mahon also failed to find the 
target as the game was being 
played almost exclusively in 
City's half, and when Whelan 
did so. Siddall proved equal to 
the demand The goalkeeper, 
however, was helpless when at 
last McMahon found his range 

in the thirty-second minute, 
crashing the ball post him 
from eight yards after 
Dalglish's corner had found 
City's defence in familiar 

Neither the goal nor 
McCarthy's subsequent book- 
ing following a series of fouls 
on Dalglish persuaded City to 
easy capitulation. A minute 
after half-time Power's surge 
down the left brought their 
first corner, and minutes later 
a terrible mistake by Beglin 
almost presented them with a 
most unlikely equalizer, Gil- 
lespie getting back to steer 
Kinsey’s effort ofF the line. 

Sanity quickly reasserted 
itself. Although blue-sbirted 
defenders intervened to block 
Molbv's drive and Rush shot 
wide/Liverpool's second goal 
arrived before the hour, Mc- 
Mahon shooting home after 
Molby and Johnston had split 
the defence. 

That goal should have been 
the start of a Liverpool on- 
slaught But although Whelan 
hit the post with a flying 
header from another Johnston 
cross and McMahon and 

Molby put together some 
flowing moves, they could not 
breach City's resistance again. 

Instead, with the large Bank 
Holiday crowd surprisingly 
quiet, it was City who went the 
closest to scoring in the final 
half-hour when we saw the 
bright and the bizarre sides of 
Grobbelaar. First the goal- 
keeper went careering from his 
goal as another moment of 
hesitancy in the home defence 
let Kinsey through. The for- 
ward went round him on the 
louchline but delayed too long 
and then foiled to pick out a 
man with his cross. 

When Simpson at last beat 
the offside trap, however, 
Grobbelaar showed his athlet- 
icism with a splendid diving 
save. Thai ensured his team 
would go to the top of the 

LIVERPOOL: B Grobbelaar: G 
Gaiespie, J Begin. S Nicol. R 
Whelan. A Hansen, K Dalglish, C 
Johnston. I Rush, J Molby, S 
McMaho n. 

Reid, P Power, S Redmond. M 
McCarthy, D Phillips, M UHs. A 
May, S Kinsey, C Wilson, P 


Referee: D Scott (Bumtey). 

West Ham’s skill 
again decisive 

Charlton go from 
reverse into first 

By a Correspondent 

West Ham United ... 2 

Tottenham Hotspur 1 

There was a time when a side 
as far adrift of the league leaders 
at the start of the Easter period 
as Wes l Ham were this year 
could forget any thoughts of the 
championship, hoist up the 
while flag and think ahead to 
holidays in Ibiza. 

Not any more. Three points 
for victory has virtually ensured 
a cliff-hanging finale to the 
season and has thrust West 
Hamio a position of likliest 
pretenders to Everton's throne. 

After a fitful run of results, 
their destruction of fellow- 
contenders Chelsea on Saturday- 
bode well, while 

yesterday's challenge from a 
rejuvenated Tottenham put 
West Ham's championship 
aspirations into an even truer 
perspective. In front of a crowd 
of 27,497 - their biggest of the 
season - they demonstrated that 
they are well equipped to com- 
plete the task in the six weeks 
that remain of the season. 

. Although tempers frequently 
became frayed, it was skill and 
invention that were predomi- 
nant in an exhilerating contesL 
West Ham were streets ahead in 
technique, with Devonshire, 
their inventive midfield player, 
orchestrating events and 
emphasizing only loo greatfy 
how much their visitors missed 
Hoddle, out through injury. 

Clemence. who was to deny 

West Ham on numerous occa- 
sions. had already saved bravely 
at the feet of Pike and Coaee 
before the latter drove his side 
into a deserved lead after 17 

West Ham had survived a 
spell of prolonged Spurs pres- 
sure when Dickens won the ball 
just in the visitors' half and 
despatched Cotiee with the sim- 
plest of flicks. Sheer pace won 
the day as the slightly built 
forward ran the legs ofFThomas 
before thumping his shot wide 
of Clemence into the corner of 
the net. 

Spurs equalized seven min- 
utes later. Waddle chipped a 
comer to the near post where 
Falco headed on for Ardiles. 
Noddle's replacement to duck 
in and head past Parkes. 

But inexorably. West Ham 
pulled their way track to domi- 
nance. forcing their way again 
into the lead on the stroke of 
half time. 

Tottenham failed to dear a 
Ward comer and after Cottee 
had seen his shot charged out by 
Clemence. Mc.Avennie was in 
position to crack the rebound 
high into (he roof of the neL 

The standard of play in the 
second half fell away, but there 
were ample opportunities at 
either end which could have 
swung the match. 

Stewart. G Parris, A Gale. P Hilton. A 
Devonshire. M Want (sub: M Ott J. F 
McAvenme. A Dickens. T Coflae, G P*e. 
Alien. D Thomas. G Roberts. P MBer. G 
Stevens. G Mabbun, M Falco. A Galvin, O 
Aruiles (Sub: C Allen ), C Waddfi. 

Referee: B Hi# (Kettering) 

By Simon Barnes 

Chariton Athletic..... 
Norwich City — 

A couple of years tack 
Chariton looked aO set to slither 
out of existence. Reeling under 
the ordeal by spiv, the importa- 
tion of a lost-looking Danish 
superstar and an African chief in 
the boardroom, they went 
spectacularly broke, then lost 
their ground and moved in with 
Crystal Palace, miles away from 
their homelaod. They looked as 
good as in the fourth division at 

Bnt now they are a few 
exciting, dangerous steps away 
from the first division. It is a 
stunning reversal. Yesterday 
they moved into the top throe by 
beating Norwich, the oool and 
impressive leaders of the second 
division, a side who, in the 
bubblingly enthusiastic opinion 
of the Charlton manager, Lennie 
Lawrence, would finish in the 
top eight of the first division. 

The manner of the victory will 
be forgotten by the end of the 
season. Just as well, perhaps. It 
came through a header that 
looked wholly involuntary. Pear- 
son. whose head it was, was 
doubtless celebrating die signifi- 
cance of the goal rather than its 
execution with his little dance 

The whole performance* 
showed mettle rather than skill 
and the chip-pan centre circle 
was like an awful warning about 

the perils of ground-sharing and 
over-use of pitches. But 
Charlton. In defiance of tra- 
dition, are prospering as per- 
petual visitors. 

Lawrence new believes that 
Norwich and Portsmouth will be 
promoted and that the third 
place is a private matter between 
Chariton and Wimbledon. They 
play each other in their last 

Lawrence is rtrinhing about 
the first division a lot now - how 
could he not? “We have the 
stadium, we have the ambition, 
we have the board.** he said. 
They also hare the manager. 
That Chariton have prospered 
rather than collapsed is a 
remarkable personal 


“To win today was a big 
psychological boost.” Lawrence 
said. “And it has pnt the 
pressure on Wimbledon. It was 
the most satisfying win of the 
season, especially as it came 
after three home games without 

Football has its troubles and 
Chariton have had a ridktdously 

large share of them. But there Is 
something indomitable about 
men like Lawrence— as there is 
about football itself. 

pfeuy, M R fed. A Cnr feih fe y. S Thomp- 
son, J Fonder. Q SNpley. J M eiroae. J 
Peareon. M AizWwcwd, M Ftanagan (nib: 
M Stuart). 

MORWCHCrrftC Wfeotfe; f OatoaifmiM 
(tub: D van VVyfc), J Deehan. S Brace. M 
PtKjfam, D Watson. M Barlram, K DrinfcaO. 
« nfifllRS. P MandMan, D WHania. 
Referee: 0 J Ateefl (Southend). 

Barbarian on the ran: HOI is cornered during his side's 48-13 defeat at Swansea yesterday. Report, page 32. 

in line to 

Pontypool machine grinds 
Leicester remorslessly 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 





Pontypool effectively spoiled 
Leicester’s Easter Monday when 
their splendidly drilled forwards 
dominated this match at Ponty- 
pool Park yesterday. The Welsh 
dub champions scored three 
goals, three tries and three 
penalty goals against a penalty 
and a dropped goal but Leices- 
ter. John Player Special Cup 
semi-finalists against Bath next 
Saturday, will have learnt from 
the experience and, as im- 
portant. sustained no debilitat- 
ing injuries before tbeir 
important cup encounter. 

The hailstorms of the morn- 
ing had cleared away to leave 
the attractive park bathed in 
sunshine, but Pontypool had 
first use of a stiffish breeze and 
made it count instantly, scoring 
a dozen points in as many 

The Leicester scram was un- 
der severe pressure from the 
experienced home front row and 
their young lineout men could 
make no impression on the likes 
of Perkins and Brown. 

The first try was a typically 
simple Pontypool . effort. 
Mostyn Davies drove on to a 
throw over the top of a short 
lineout and Pierce was the 
beneficiary of the overlap. 
Lewis, in addition to kicking the 
conversion, added two pen- 
alties. . 

Lewis, a doctor, handed 
Leicester more unpalatable 
medicine when be backed up 

Pierce to score FozrtypooTs sec- 
ond try. 

Leicester’s difficulties were 
exemplified by the from row 
collapse which led to Lewis's 
third penalty and only Dodson, 
and to a lesser extent Bunixnore, 
were able to make much of the 
constant pressure. 

PontypooJ's third try came 
courtesy of Perkins, the home 
captain and former inter- 
national lock. At this stage 
Leicester's lineout had won only 
one ball and it was through a 
breaking lineout that Carter and 
Steve Jones linked to put Per- 
kins over. As Lewis kicked the 
conversion. Smith, the Leicester 
lock, left the field with an eye 
injury to be replaced by 
Whitcombe, the RAF prop. 

Before the substitution was 

Two changes 
in 18 -group 

England have made two 
changes for their 18-group 
schools international against 
Ireland at Nottingham tomor- 
row (David Hands writes). After 
their 19-18 win over France in 
St Raphael at the weekend, the 
two Lancashire players, 
Mallalieu and RjenalL come in 
at stand-off half and centre 

Mallalieu replaces Mac- 
Donald. who dislocated a shoul- 
der in the first half of the match 
against France, an injury which 
brought an Rignall -who- pro- 
ceeded to play well enough to 
ensure his retention. England 
were obliged lo play a running 
game since the French were < 
strong at the set-pieces. 

made Pontypool bad scored 
again. Pierce gathering his own 
kick ahead to complete a 
spectacular try from half-way 
and giving Pontypool a convinc- 
ing half tune lead of 31-0. 

Leicester’s relief at having the 
wind behind them was almost 
tangible and they expressed 
their pleasure with six points 
from a dropped goal by Hams 
behind a scrum and an angled 
penally by Dodge after Ponty- 
pool had gone offside. 

Nevertheless the machine- 
like Pontypool forwards ground 
back into action. Their dose 
support work has always been a 
feature and it baffled the Leices- 
ter pick time and again. Brown 
who only the previous weekend 
hod revelled in the sun of 
Svdney found freedom to run 
but brave defence kept his side 
at arm’s length. 

Leicester could not afford to 
concede so many penalties, two 
of them for disseoL It was from 
a lineout and a good penalty 
clearance by Goldsworthy that 
Carter scored, hacking up on the 
inside as only good loose for- 
wards should. He did it again 
two minutes later when Gareth 
Jones escaped in midfield. Car- 
ter taking Pierce's pass after a 
move covering half the field. 

SCORERS: PonOpoat Tnss: PiMOB (21. 
Carter (2). Lanins. Portrins. Oommsions: 
Lewis (3). PenatttoS: Lews (3). 

Utontar. Penalty: Dodge. Drop goat 

PONTYPOOL; P Lewis: S -Rente, R 
BUgood. S Unaan. B Taylor; M 
GoWiwrtfty. Q Jams; Stuff Jonas. Steve 
Jonas. G Pricey A Carter. J Pattons 
(capnen). K Moseley, M Brown, M Davies. 
LEICESTER; I Dodson: I Bates, P Dodge. 
TBummore, C Dorian JHams. S Kenney 
(captMifc S HodJern, L CStfonX, B French, 
L Stratton. T Sranhtrep M WMcorrtte). M 
Fouftss-Arnoid. A Codhmton. M Charles. ■ 
Referee: K Rowlands (Ynysfawrf). 

By Michael Stevenson 

Coventry — 

. 8 

Headingiey, of the National 
Merit table -A, entertained Cov- 
entry of the B table yesterday, 
losing a fluent and enjoyable 
contest bv two tries to 
Coventry's goal uy and two 
penalties. On this evidence the 
two teams could be changing 
places next season. 

Headingiey, however, got off 
to a superb start, Moran work- 
ing a mis-move in the centre as 
Lowther came in at outside 
centre and Eagle took bis pass, 
chipped accurately and won the 
race for the touchdown 

Coventry's first-half duties 
were largely defensive but dur- 
ing injury time at the end of it 
they won a nick, Massey looped 
round Medford, took his neatly 
timed pass and jigged his way 
over for a try which Thomas 

Predictably, pressure brought 
points after the interval. 
Thomas slotted a penalty when 
Headingiey offended at a -rack 
and then Coventry swept back 
to the home tine, won a lineout 
and Kidner was driven over, 
SCORERS: Ifeodfetf o y THok Eaaa (2J. 
Coventry: Trim Massey, manor. Cwr 
afore ThQmattfleneBf#*: ThammsOt 
HEADMQLEY: D Lowther: -..flagM, 3 
Brugger. P Johnson, M Jones; A Moran. J 
Singleton; A Tfemdarcfifte. . T .Stodair 
(capt). A Mattel, M Hfti M rfaottom. M. 
Rato. A Fraser, p VMnttrboaom, K 

cSSamrr: M Fatoc E Saunders. D. 
Jams. C Modfoni. S Ha* B Massey, s 
Thomas, L Johnson JcapQ, C Date, E 
Wakes. M Mai*. K Dodd, B Kidner. R 

RcHtoroK Mr Heaney (Liverpool Socwfy} 


EASTERTROPNY: Eunor 40. Pools 37 (Pcnia 

vmi 85-70 on amragawi 

LEAGUE CUP; Crabs* Heath 44. Bole Vue 



RACMG9LVERST0NE: Esso Fonwita Ford 
1600 dwftamfiip: W taps (16JM mOw* 1. 
J Vitroe (Van Diemen RF861. TO mm 30.9 sec: 
2, j ant (Van Diemen RFS6K 3. J Packer 
(Van Diemen HF86J. Fastest tap: image. 
1:012. Kstoric aporte end Grand Pro car* 
10 tops (16JJ8 mfea* i. S Hitchms (Lotus 
23BL 10:17.0. 


DOMNGTON PARK: Shell Ofl Tr e ne eto Ht c 
race Thud lag: Seven tape (17-50 nteafc i.R 
Burnett (GS. riondaj. 14 inn 10.7 sec Z R 
Maretvafl (GB. Honda). 14:198: 3. R Hastem 
(GB, Honda). 14:268: 4. F Martel (US. 
Honda). 1427 7; 5. C Martm IGB. Sun*n. 
1427 A B. P WOO n (GB. SuaM. 14:322. 
Fastest Lap: Burnett. 1-58 4 Fourth teg: i. h 
Schwann (US. Sutuki). 1345.7: 2. Msrxal. 
1146.6; 3. Burnett, 1388.1: 4. Marshal. 
14:807: 5. T Natwn |Ga Yamaha). 14.0a 4; 6. 
K Irons (GB. Yamaha). 14-00.7. Fastest lap: 
Mortal. 135.5. RWi leg: 1. Schwann. 
1321 .1: 2. R McSnea (GB. Yamanai. 13:34.4: 

3. Burnett 13288; 4. tona. 13*4.6: 5. 
Marshal ia-55 7: 6. M Menaer (US. $ua*i|. 
14-022. Fastest tap: Setiwantz. McSne*. 
MerteL 1 54.0. Sixth lea 1. Martel 13442: 

2. Senwamz. 13.-54.4; 3. Burnett. 14:01.0. 4. 
Hastem. 14095: 5. T irore. 14 126; 6. S 
Parrish. 14.(42 Fastest tap- MerteL 165.8. 
Seventh tea t.Sctavana. 13-093.2. MerteL 
13:13 0. 3~ Ft McEhee. 13*7.0: 4. M Motor 
(US. Suzutoj. 1341.8: 5. lions. 13 419: 6. 
Parrish, 13.429 Fastest lap: McSnea, 1:508. t 
Eighth lea 1. MerteL 13:55.6. 2 Schwantz, 
14.10.0: 3. Hasten). 14:133; 4. Buwm, 
14.197, 5. Motor, 1424.1; 6. P Iddon. 
1*242 Fastest tap: Merkel 1:57.0. Final 
team standing s: Great Britain 314. Ureted 
Slates 214 Forawa one: BgM laps (20 
ndes): 1. T Ninon (750 SuzuhiL 16:130. ZJ 
Scott (750 SuzuM. 3. S Pamsn (750 Yamaha). 
Fastest lap- Nawn 1:569 Formula tee: Eight 
tees (20 netea): 1. C Fogarty (348 Yamaha). 
16 I9S: 2. 1 Newton (347 lamahai: 3. T Head 
(350 Yamaha). Fastest tap Newton. 1:58 1. 
Two-Four Sports 2S0cccheBuoflfl - - Dtfittapa 
(20 nrtest I. N Mackenzie I Arm-mono). 

1 5 13 6. 2. D McLeod (Armstrong). 16-37.7.^. 
C Fogarty (Yamaha). 1724 JS Fastest tap: 
McLeod 21.0. 125 CC EmM laeatiQ redes): 
1. R Lennon (M8*L 17:»2 2. S Simpson 
(MBA], 3. R Blow (Honda i. Fastest tap 
Lennon. 2:11.8 Sfcfecres: E&rt tap* (20 
mUask 1. S Webster and T Hewitt lYareaha). 
16-335: 2 B Bnncfey andC Jones (Yamaha): 

3. □ HaBam and M Day (Yamaha). Fastest tap 
Webster and Hewm. 20.4. Superttes: Eight 


laps (SO mflas): 1 . Btenetl (Honda). 1 553.7. 2 , 
Marshall (Mandat 3. Nation (Suzrtci) Fasten 
tap: Burnett. 1355 


BARNET COPTHAUU Hewlett -FerAant no- 
tional etiertceeree cham ptonehlpe: Mart 50 
eietres fteaefcfer i. M Foster (MMtaUfl. 23 4! 
sac: equal 2 M Fftbans (KatafCoflege) and M 
Reynolds (Batnw Copha*), 24-U>- Wore 
freeatte 1. M Foster (MRMd). 5081: 2 G 
Swwart (Harrow and Weaktsaone). 5127; 3, C 
Bole (Warrender), 5Z 19. 200m breenattok* 
1. A Mootoouse (Leeds). 215.13: 2. N 
Gten^ram (Banvnoham). 21949; 3. M 
Buswe* ( Leeds) £20.13 200ti mentor 1. D 
Robey (Uimerstfy o I Swansea). 2tj.02 2 P 
O SuBvan (HounstowL 2831: 3. S Pouttar 
(Wigan wasps), fcfl.39 40dm t ree atj rto - 1 - K 
Boyd iSouth Tynesria). 3SS.51 ; 2. T Clay fOtv 
of Leeds]. &S7 7B: 3. J Brajotoon (Cay at 
Leeds). 358.54 Woman. 50m freestyle: 1. N 
Kennedy (Avon Neptune). 27.05: -2. C Fool 
(Mrttite) and A Jones (Swtos Coraoej. 27 1 1. 
100m bsctertro Aec S. K Rase (Stockport). 
1:4.13. 2. C wfuta (Leads). rifl3;3. h S aner 
(Keih Cofleqa). 1:5.93. 29Cm butterfly: 1. H 
Bewtoy iMimid), 2 rem 1566 sec 2 M OSes 
(Wigan west). 2:16.18: 3. Z Long (Keey 
Coifego). aiB.SS. 200m IreMtyto: 1. S Garrett 
(Becnamunn. Z4fi4. Z. J Archer (Leeds). 
24.74; 3. J Wtanol (Nova Cenujnonv. 2024. 

400m medley: i. G Stariw (SudmorfL 
451.73: 2 Long. 455.40; 3. K Read (atock- 
pora 4^.45 


NASHVIU£ WbiU women's dnuteas eftam- 

ptonstaps: Float P Shnvqr and B Potter (US) 
bt E SmySe (Aus) and K Jordan (US), M. M. 
ThM-pfece ptoy-flfb H Mandlhova (Cz) and 
W Tumtu* (Aus) bt 5 tokhoramko and L 
Savchenko (USSR). ML 7-5. RflfrplaGe play, 
oft G Femandet rP Rcoj and R wide [ife] Ex 
A White and M L PiateK (US). 3-6. 6-4. 6-4. 


QUERETARO: Mexico S. ArganDnoa Juniors 


PUWCEBOA, Spake C note wort 
step*: Spate 5. North Korea S: Danmark 8, 
Hungary 4; Norway 10. Bulgaria 1: China 4, 


DONCASTER: Nattoote 1 
chsngtonatelB tn ter gro w p ptey-oft York- 
sweS. Lrtcastentere A 
ROTTERDAM: ABN M Wna ma n t Rate: J 
Nystrom ffiveri bt A Janryd (SweL M. 6-3. 
COLOOW: QMdater mdoor fe w m a man t 
First raiari: A Monodoil (taraeq « K Evemdon 


CHARLOTTEVILLE: 50 mlere 1, P Bennett 
(Rotytetemc CCL 2 hr 2 ran 2 aec Team: 
ChanaNwrte CC. S52.II. 

A3SJGAVENHY: 25 rapeia: 1, B Charley 
gnirtindge CC), 1.0720 Team Abertflary. 

SUMDOttJUflJ CLARION: 25 reOea: I. M 
Bradshaw (GS Metro), 11X131. Team: 
Gostorth. 3:40.7. 

LOWESTOFT: Mm’a Feethte: WortSOpZ Vic 
Barflas 4; LaeMI a SimRywags 0: BOy Goats 
6. Mansfield 2; Gorieston Roc 4, Sudbiey 5: 
Bugs 3. Las Falcon Royatos 1; Lowestoft 
Rterway 1. Trotters 1; Southend i, 
GaSymackere 5; By fi. Gorieston 0. 
WEYM0UTH: Women's Faeteral: Tykes 1. 
Metros 1: Rarringoos t, W nctema s hrt O 
Hampran 4. Liverpool 0. 


CRANFORCt TVH mad relay ffiw ttosea 3H 
nteaa): Teem: 1 . Inrica, 1 hr 22 (ten 58 sac; 2, 
Hamgey. 1:23.58: 5 London Irish. 124.10 
Fastest lap: P KSmes (London litoh). 1 5 nsn 57 
sec. Veterans race (three Ones *» itetaa): 
Team: 1. AMaratut and Famham, 53 (ten 26 
sec Z Swansea. 5420; 3. Vertoa. 54-41. 
Fasten tap: A Roper (Swansea). 1709. 


Welsh top two to state their case 

From Hkhard Eaton, Uppsala, Sweden 

Phil Sutton readied the last 32 
of the European championships 
here yesterday, then confirmed 
that he and Chris Rees, a fellow 
Welshman, had complained to 
the players' association about 
The event’s split format 

Rees, who recently deposed 
SuUon as the Welsh No 1 for the 
first time in six y ears, did not 
help their cause by losing 16-18, 
3-15 to ihe improving Austrian 
No I Klaus Fischer. Yet despite 
that result the pair sniffed they 
have a jusi cause. 

In its present format 24 
players are placed automatically 
into the tournament's last 32, 
while others have to qualify by 
playing up to three matches in 

the earlier rounds. The Welsh- 
men are confident they can beat 
at least half of the 24 “seeded" 
players and fed the system 
discriminates against players 
from some of the so-called 
weaker countries. 

Sutton's situation is a case in 
point. A former all-England 
quarter-finalist, he outplayed 
Gabor Petrovits. from Hungary, 
to win 15-8, 1 5-3 and go through 
to the last 32. Now be meets 
Jonas Herrgardh, a Swede 
whom he might just expect to 
beat, but who is certain to be 

Support for Sutton and Rees, 
however, may be limited. Erica 
van Dijck, playing for The 
Netherlands recently won a vital 

singles match against the Soviet 
Union that helped to justify her 
country's seeding in the Euro- 
pean zone of the UberCup. She 
was also seeded in the women's 
doubles at the All-England 
Championships, and yet has 
been required to play five 
matches here in two days to 
reach the late s tages of the 
singles and mixed doubles. She 
is not complaining. 

Later, Martin Dew. the Euro- 
pean champion in men's and 
mixed doubles, who has been at 
loggerheads with the England 
manager, Jake Downey, said 
that he had after all been offered 
an invitation to play for England 
in the European team event, as 
well as the Thomas Cup. 


First division 


0 WATFORD (1) 2 
Barrm. Aden 









(0) o 


101 0 
(0) 0 
(0) 0 

Stephenson. Sbutt 

Gascoigne. 25.614 



Norm FOR (1) 3 BIRMINGHTM (0) 0 
Ctavgti(j»n). 12.134 

Metgod, Webb 

OF* (3) 6 CHELSEA (0) 0 

Bannister (3). Byrne 18.534 


Gottse. McAvennie Artteas 


PW D L F A Pts 
Liverpool 362010 6 73 36 70 

Everlon 3521 7 7 74 38 70 

Manchester Utd 3519 8 8 57 28 85 

Cne&ee 33J8 8 M9 u fi 

West Ham UU 31 18 8 7 50 28 60 

Arsenal 3317 7 9 42 35 58 

Sheffield Wed 3516 811 52 51 56 
Luton Town 35151010 Si 38 55 
Newcastle Utd 34 1510 9 53 49 55 
Norengnani For 34 16 6 12 60 47 54 

Tottenham 3514 6 15 S3 43 48 

Watford 3113 711 50 45 46 

OFfi 37 13 6 IS 45 56 45 

Manchester City 3811 1015 40 49 43 
Southampton 3411 716 41 45 40 
CoromryClty 37 91018 44 61 37 
IpswKfi Town 3410 618 27 45 36 
UBscester City 35 811 16 48 62 35 
Oxford Ureted 34 8 917 51 69 33 
Aston Vila 35 71216 38 56 33 
BtfntfngttamC<ry3& 8 5 23 29 57 26 
WastBomwicn 35 4 9 22 28 76 21 

Tabtea do nor Include uie results 

GOLA LEAGUE: Barrow 2. Nuneaton 0; 
CHeiunhani 2, Attnrcnam 0. Dagenham 0. 
lOddertnmsier 1: Darttoro t, weymomn i; 
Maidstone 2. Stafford 4: Nonfiwtn 0. 
TettonS i: Runcorn 0. Bamet 0: Scar- 
borough 2. Boston i. WealdstoneO. Bath 
1: Wycombe 1 . FreJctey 3. 

visiorc Bore-tor a. Serving 1: Carsnalton 1. 
Bdlencay 2: Epsom 8 E«ve4 0. B Storrtord 
Z Tooung 8 Mitcham 3. Dutwien Hamlet 4: 
waimamsio* 1. Stotigh Town 2 ; Wonlwte 
2. Y«wtl 5. Flrat dMwatc Brantley Z. 
Marienneao Uid 0. Grays Amictic J. 
Auerey 3: Lewes 3. Leyton Wmcnna 1: 
Oxford City 3. Wanon 4 H ft Tnburv 0. 
Hampton 1: Wemutry 0. Lea tnemead O. 
Second tfiveuMi norm Hertford Town 0, 
Ware 0: Heybnoge Swifts 3. CnaUont St P 

0; RoystonZ Rarnnsn ) Saffron Walden 
ZBenmamsKOi. Second rfivishwaouA: 
Braomei 2. Horsham ft. Dorkmg 3. 
Egbam ft. Rackwel Heath 0. Eastbourne 

Second division 
Plummer Shearer (3) 


Saunders. ORegan Qu»wi{2, 1 pen). 



Pearson 8.458 

FULHAM (0) 1 MULWALL |1) 2 
PM Siavgns, Lovefl 


Third division 

S Thompson BThempscn. 

Stewart O'Keefe 

Cooke Roomon. Eteey 


Holmes Hay 

(1) 1 




<0( 1 BLACKBURN (D) f 


MDOLBSar (i) i CARLISLE (1) 3 
Hamilton Cootie (2). 



Foley 6.B39 

STOKE (1) 2 SHREWSB'RY (1) 2 
Bertscnin [2 . 1 pen) McNaBy (penL 
Callaghan (og) 


Norwich City 

Po rtsmo uth 






Crystal Pal 

OkJham Atti 

Stone aiy 


Gnmsby Town 




Blacktnim Rvrs 

Shrewsbury Tn 

Leeds united 



Canada IJtt! 


PWOl F A Pts 
3622 7 6 74 34 73 

35 20 6 9 59 32 66 
3317 8 8 59 37 59 
3316 9 8 44 31 57 - 
3515 612 56 52 53 
3415 712 58 49 52 
35141011 58 50 52 
3415 712 42 40 52 
3514 714 ES 53 49 
35121310 43 44 49 
35121112 37 38 47 
35121013 51 52 48 
3413 615 50 51 4S 
3213 514 40 46 44 
36111015 46 61 43 
36101214 43 54 42 

36 ft 817 44 56 41 
3511 816 45 59 41 

35 91016 36 53 37 

36 9 918 37 48 38 
34 10 618 37 60 36 
32 8 519 34 48 29 

Utd D. Newbury 2. Cvnberley ft. Rusts 
Manor 0. Soumwick 6. Whyteleale 5, 
Bansmad Athletic Z 

Rnyil. Gateshead 4. MorecambeZGoote 

1. Gairaborougn 2: Honuncn 0. Charley ft. 
Mamr»a Z Southport 3: Mosstoy 2. Burton 
l: Oswestry 0. Caamarion 0: South 
Liverpool 0. Workngton 1. 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE; Premier divtoian: 
Aytesbury 0. Basings7c*e i: Chetetsionj 

2. Crawley 3: Fsher Z Witney 3: 
Folkestone 2. Faieham Z Goaport 0. 
WeBmq 1; Gravesend 1. RS Southampton 
0. Kng s Lynn g. Cortw i: Snepsfied 0. 
Bedworth 1. Mtdtoral divtaioft; Banbury 
Uw 3. 0*dbury utd 1 • Coventry Soonmg 4. 
Moor Green ); Forest Green Hovers 2_ 
Gtoucester City 4: Lateestor Utd CL 
Leamnqton ft, Merthyr Tydil 1. Bistcn ft 
Mile Oak Rovers 1. Hednesford 5: 
Rusltaen 1. W eihngbcro u gfi 4. Stour- 
OKtge 0. S Rugby t. Sutton Coidfrted t, 
BreJgencrtn i Postponed; Rearttcn uid v 
Grantham. Southern drviflien; Bumtiam 


Kdmore. White CaKweti 


NEWPORT (0) 1 BURY (D) 0 

Stamfonfi (pen) 1 .SS3 



Senior Oarto. Beck • 


ROTHERffM (0) 1 OARUNGTN (1) 2 

Emerson McDonald. 




Hough. W9oms 


Cross (pen| McLaren 

Fourth division 

Grawcocfc (2). Muir 

Matey 3.099 

CHESTS! (1) 1 CAMBRIDGE (0) 1 
Hctugnion Dowman 


CREWE (0) 0 PORT VALE (1) 1 


Fucoflo EngBsli. Baker 


Moore 1531 


(01 0 

(01 1 


WOLVES (2J 2 NOTTS CO 12) 2 
Mutcn. DE0w3rds WaittGoodwm 

P W 0 L F A Pts 

Reading 3725 4 8 56 44 7V 

Wigan Ath 3720 9 8 68 39 69 

GUfogtiam 391813 8 70 45 67 

Derby County 341811 5 65 30 65 

nwriouth A/gyte 37 19 BID 64 46 & 

Walsall 3919 713 76 52 64 

Doncaster Rvrs 39151311 40 43 58 
Brentford 3815 913 47 49 57 

Blackpool 38151112 60 42 56 

YorKCfty 3916 815 El 50 56 

Bristol City 38151112 57 51 56 

Notts County 37151111 56 53 56 

Rotherham Utd 381*1014 56 46 52 
Bournemouth 3914 817 58 58 50 

Bolton wandrs 4013 819 50 55 47 

Darttngton 3412 913 50 56 45 

Brctof Rover* 36 12 717 42 63 43 

Chesterfield 39101217 46 54 42 
Newport County 39 81516 41 57 39 

Lincoln Coy 37 9121B 46 65 39 

Swansea City 4010 822 38 75 38 

Bury 38 91019 50 58 37 

Cardiff Cfiy 40 9 823 45 75 35 

Wotvemampton 38 81020 44 so 34 

and H 0. Ccwmwn 2: Canterbury Z 
Woodford 4. Dorchester O. Safisbury Z 
Hastings £. Thanet Uto 1: Poole 0. 
Tiowondge 1; Sneppey Uid 2. Chatham 1: 
Toniyicge 4. Ashford 1: WaterioovAe 3. 
Andover i Postponed: Cambntige Coy v 

Gwmcran 7 

dmtuon: BeaccrafieW Utd 1. Nortnwood 
1: Danson 1. RedhtS 2; Hanwefl 5. 
Waltham Abbey 1: Yeatfng 7, Pennant Q. 
Senior dmstorc Ferine Standard 7. 
Ulysses 0- Harry Sunderland Shield: 
North Greenfora 2. soutngam Am i. 



P W 

D L 




Swindon Town 


3 a 





39 IS 14 6 




Mansfield Town 

36 20 

8 8 




Port vale 

391715 7 









Hantepool llto 








11 10 
















Crewe Alex 






Southend Utd 






Cotonester Utd 


















Hflrotord Utri 






Tranmere Rwrs 






Exeter City 

38 11 ■ 











Scunthorpe Utd 

37 91513 













Cambridge UM 
Preston ta-End 

39 9 









Torquay Uid 

36 a 





Scottish second dhtiston 


Bartongstde 1. Cotmuert Casuals f: 
Catfotd Wanderers 3. Chingtord 1 . 


CLUB MATCtCS: Aberavon 10. Neath 19: 
Bath 16. vaie of Lure 4: Btackneaih 45. 
West Hanteoool 7: Bndgwanr 0. Uwr- 
pooi 33. Bnstol 13. Glamorgan wndrs 4; 
ESdw Vale 13. Tredegar 6. Exeter 9. 
Sheffield 27; FyWa 13. Bvmingham 19: 
Gloucester 23. Bwkenheaa Parit 11. 
Gostorth 26. Middtestxo 0: Heedmglay 9. 
Coventry 1ft Moseley 43. UaneSi 4; 
Newbridge 22. Aoertdtory 3: New Brighton 
9. Wasos 16; Newport 48. Lenoon Welsh 
16. Ncnhampton IQ. Bedford 22: OrreB 
36. Ottay 9: Penarth 14. Hartaqums ift 
Plymouth 18. Torquay 0: Pontypool 39. 
Leicester ft Pontypridd 7. Bridgend 4; 
Saracens 88. Northern 12. Swansea 48, 
BartMnarre 13: ntlmslow f3. Wafaflfiefd 
14. Caaeaaed: Waterloo « North of 



730 unless stated 

First division 

Luton v Wrist Brum (7.45) 
Southampton v Oxford Utd 
Watford v Arsenal 

Second division 

Grimsby v Hull 

Wimbledon v C Palace (7.45) 

Third tfivision 

Bristol R v Wigan 

Fourth dhrfsfon 

Hartlepool v Scunthorpe 
Torquay v Exeter 

Scottish first division 

Forfar v Brechin 

Scottish second division 
Queen's Park v Stirling Alb 
St Johnstone v M oa dowbank 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: FtrMrMafere Leeds 
v Derby (7.0): Manrttestor Utd v Hudders- 
field. Second dMamc Bradford v Notts 
County: Rotherham v BUckpool (7 ift 
Stoke w York (7.(lft Wolverhampton « Port 
veto (7.0). 

AC DBjCO CUP: Semi-final second las 
Farnborouoh ffly UabnOoe (4L 
triaiue Windsor & Eton v Klngstanlan. 
Second dhriaion north: cneshunt v 
Vauxhafl Motors: Ktogsbury y Stevenage 
BOrtx Sratorid dMMgn aoade fcfet PtAas w 

MMwaU (2.1ft Futtom v Swindon (2 jft 
OPR v Portsmouth (2.(ft 
SIRlfmOFF BUSH 1EAGUE: Ards V Larne 
C2J30): Cemck v Btehnnena (2ZTT); 
Cbleratna « Bangor (2.301; Larfteld v 
CfiflonviltK Newry » Glenavcn (230): 
Port a down v astwary BL30). 

Wisbech v Hlstort. 


VtSION: Hawick v Boraughmutr. 


SQUASH RACKETS: American Express 
Premier League (6.3(Jt Ardtwgtt Hall v 
Manchester Nnthem: B3gh»ton Priory y 
Cannons: Chapel ABerton v Redwood 
Lodge: LBtoester v Stancea Armiey; 
Norwtgham v Dunrangs M«. 

SNOOKSt Embassy world orafessfonal 
championship: Quafitytng (at Preston 

TENNIS: Uncoinsntre Open (at 
LirttPcshtra T 6 SC. Grantham). 

Ballesteros date 

Seve Ballesteros will play in 
the £170.000 Johnnie Walker 
Monte Carlo Open golf 
championship at Mont Age! 
from June 25 to 28. 


«M6, 734 MSS crmti cant 
HodtlMB 379 741 MM 

C» saire «M rst:«2/s3U «ui 

“A MM M ai lr ir IK 




■r llO Il ie dl M J OMtaw 
i M iA.tMI IMS. 

TMEN O—A 1 reABTOyUury 
Kramw. Ewe Bum. Sal Mate 

2864. HOAD Dy Jim Cart 
wnohL Evas 7 JO. Sal Mato 
3jq • 

SAVOY Bom. Oflln 0I-&36 8888 
CC 01 -379 6219. 836 0479 Eyas. 
7.45. MattDMS Wrdnaday 30 
Saturday S O A 8.30 
sth year is srn.i. ora: of 
TOWN “ S Tlmca 16/a.’86 







SHAFTESBURY 379 6435 or ST^ 
6399. CC 741 9999 Flral CaH 
24 hr 7 day CC 240 7200. Grp 
Sole* 930 6123. MOn-Fn a. 
Wed mol 3. Sal 5 A 8 JO. 

Preu from 28Ui May. 

st RaAmnrsoi 836 1445 . sae- 

Ctoicc No. 3796433. Eva&tta 
TUW 2.46. Sal K.0 a nd 80 

J4fe T of ASATRA O MBMfft 


STRAND 836 2660 CC 836 6) 90 
Firn CaU 24Hr 7 Day CC 240 
7300 Mon Fn 8 SOI 3 * 8 JO. 
Wed mol 230 


_ By T erry Wafa 
F Tlmn 

WtOTEHALL SWI. 01-930 
-TT66 090 4056 cc 01-379 

6365 6433 741 9999 GrtW Ol- 
83o!<962 Mon-Fn 8 00 wad Mol 
300. SOto SOO 6 8 30 




By J-B. PrrtKwy 
Dirrried tty Ronald Cyrv. 
WOULD" Sw Cupraae. 


10789) 290623 or TKkctrmrt*- 
Ol 379 6433. ROYAL SHAXE- 
ai _R»yte 

aad MM Daily 7.30. 6M I JO. 
7.30. wun Tala 1 25 M eon. 
Atoo new 9m Ttaaatra lolha 
Tm NaMa W iaaw fiM April). 
Cnt) Man In Hb Hnrar (IS 
Mavi. For special meal/tneatew 
deah and hotel nap ow ring 
10789)67262 ' 

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See Ambassadors T heatre 
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Bee Poc heya Theal re 

VAU0EVHJUB.WC2. Box Office 
and CC 01-836 9907/ SMB First 
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E>™ 7.30. Wed Mala 2JSO. Sato 
5.0 A 8.16. 



EvflS 7.30. Mato SOI 2.46 

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Bn Other opens 9am- sum. (Sun- 
day Tel CCBke& only 11oni-7MnL 

WYHDHAHrS 8SA 3098 OC 379 
6666/379 6433. Ore* 836 
3962. Eves Bpm. Sal 6 6 830. 
Wed mats 3 


A musical May by ROBIN RAY. 
Bom on «w life 6 muMc of 

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^17 ’-.1 '.'. ' ■' 

.»-* • K. t >.* i • 


television and radio programmes 

Edited by Jane Henderson 
and Peter Davalle 




mS Why don’t 
y«r„ explores Bted«Mbi 
rock and a Mastermind 

magksan.fay Presto. 



Joseph Horsley and his 

parenteei) BBC 1 , at 9 ^pi 

9 J30 Ceefax . 

1230 Start up your own 

- BunwaeAn Open 

a financial 


h t il k M.LL » f ;i 1 4 ■ 

and 041 357 1774 

tOO News with Nicholas 
Witched and Frames 

635 London Plus ' 

7.00 HoBdayCBff MMwimore 
reports from Tunisia's 
oasis resorts and a luxury 
cruise on the QE2tofhe 
Waldorf Astoria in New 

730 EastEndera Lofty nearly 
has a nervous breakdown 
as he tries to set up toe 
residents' carnival float, 
on which Pauflne plays' 
Nell Gwyima. (Ceefax) 

X , l!"i« 71," , ..T " • 

based on the Zoo Vet 
books: Some new lions 
from toe Kruger National , 
Park devetop-a disease' f; 
which Rob Heyland as _:t ; 
Donald Turner must-.. 


830 Points of View Barry Took 
with more viewers-- , 

- comments.; ' 

930 News John Humpftrys and 
Andrew Harvey. Regional 
News and Weather. - . 

930 StnmSfig up for Jo* Hve 
year old Joe was bom a . 
spastic quadriptegfc 6i«t 
now bis clirric doctors sw 
he wifi walk and eventually 
taHc the clinic is to 
. Hungary where his British ■ 
parents took him fo search 

. of a curs, in Brttalnand 
America he had been 
written off as Incurable; . 
but his parents's coursne 
took them to work jpd five 
.. in Hungary whlist Joe 
underwent Conductive ; 

. Education, a treatment 
tried out for 40 years 
there, but available only to 
12 children to clinics ffttoe 
• UK. ' ; - * 

1030 FBra 86 Nfibhael Parkinson 
presents the movie-, 
reviews for the next five 
weeks, starting with. 
Absoiuie Beginners, toe 
new British flftn horn the 
Colin Mcmnes novel. 

11.00 Golf The One Ctub ' 
ChaHenge. * r - .. 

1130 Weather. 


What would 
happen if the stars fell 
from fhe sky? (r) 1230 
The SUHvens Geoff goes 
back to school but wants 
to leave. 

130 News at One vrito Leonard 
Parkbu 130 Thames 
News presented by Robin 
: Houston. 130 Fifty, fifty 
. Lonl Anderson and Lynda 
Carter as toe ladv 

star from her most 
-'assiduous fan. 

230 Daytime. 330 Mousetrsp- 
&25 Thames News 
heed&nes. 330 The '•• 

-. Young Doctors Australian 
mecfical drama: wffl Eve 
lose her baby? 

430 Button moon second view 

cat Dr James 
cures Rocky's . 

-• <Mckenpox.'430Tbe • 

. Wind In the Wfflows Fancy. 

- dress party inToadHalL .. 
.-• ^Orade) 445 Splash News 

- and ctirrentaffajrs. 5.15 •„ ' 
Cofmetikxis the word and 

• numbers game. . 

5.45 News. fLOOThamesNews , 

■, witfr Andrew Gardner and 
• Tneai Ingrams.: 

635 C r o esroads Bany ahdJb . 

7.Q0Bnme«toiftFjmB Jaa .• ..-i 
: Sugd an is looking for 

. : fifeboafroenlrom 

and foresters from . 

ScotiarxyGracfe). .. 

830 Magnum Private Eye 
thinks he spoishts dead 
friend. Mac, in HanoiuhL 

930 Bonn Working late on his 
. damaged bike Ken gets . 
. tofoltotwaterat home and 
endsup with someone 
. : ; slse's wife as piAkjn , . 
passenger (Oracle) 

1030. News foBpvtod by Themes 
News Headlines. -. 

1030 First Tuesday Jonathan 
- report on children waiting 

■ toe rewards and fears of 
setf-emplovTnent 1235 
Re s o urc e UtiSsetkm - 
saving energy in 1966, 
which is Biergy Year. 1A0 
WfndmM] Chris Serie let 
loose to.toe archives on 
the subject of bates; look 
out for toe Monty Python 
rapSand Bormta 

comments^ Chris’s 

2A0 FUfiEBoom Town* (1940) 
Clark Gable and Spencer 
Tracy as two oil ■ 
wildcatters striking it rich 
inTexas, friends until " 
there's trouble with 
women: Claudette Colbert 
and Hedy Lamarr. 

435 Paper Cnese l^ht 

American drama about a 

• My find reaction, watching 
AnnPaui'S documentary 
(BBC- 1.930pm), Is one of 
heredity. Here are these 
fittie children in a Budapest 
institute, cerebrally palsied 
and app are ntly doomed to spend 
their fives to 

wheefchalrsjctuaSy starting to 
walk My second reaction was 
one of re se nt ment on behalf of 
aS those other severely 
hamScapped youngsters denied 
the same hope of mobffity 
because medical experts have 
w ri t te n t he m off as human 
vegetables. The eWdrng finger 
points to particular at merflea! 
services to Britan, tf toe fifth * to 

be beSeved^ttie attempt has 

been made to emulate toe 
Hungarian e xper im en t to 
. place of the Pete Andres 
institute's use of 

230 The Schooner An eight 
year old boy visiting 
elderly Irish relatives 

evokes 50 year oW 
memories including a 
tragic disappearance at - 

3.30 The Wednesday Chib if it 
weren't for this London 
Boroughof Brent ckib, 13 
' pensioners would be . 
completely housebound; 

535 News with subtitles and . 
. . yv08ff)0r ■ 

530 'The Grain Run Pete 
Morgan navigates the 
Trent and Ousa aboard 

. '• toeAmyHowson. a 

working sloop which used 
•-*. wind and tide the way the 
' Romans dkt (First shown 

- ' on BBC North) 

630 Whistle Test Extra Joni 
Mitchefl not only sings and 

- writes music, she also . 

' paints; whilst completing 

her latest LP Dog eat Dog 
we see her finishing the 
paintings for her abstract 

■ painting show in Los 
. -Angeles. Music from a 
1970 BBC special, two 
London concerts and her 
new video. 

730 Those HOhwood Movie . 

. Stuntmen Step-by-step 
■lustrations of the making 
of fHm stunts show they 
are aH illusory. 

730 A Question of Pact 
' Magnus Magnusson 
••• narrates the discovery 

. \ ' Bob Hasiam made when 
researchtogaioadofold - 
Thirties fflms. The Face at 
the Window documents . 
one of the world’s greatest 
: fishystories. 

830 Stow Train to Rk*»ton. 

: The Border Counties 8ne 
from Hexham to Riccarton 

The Wednesday C&b is . 
run by Hsie Truscott, who 
at 91 organises transport 
and helpers. Wil the Club 
be funded after the demise 
of the GLC? The Hves of 
its members are re- 
created in archive film and 
thetr own words. 

430 Countdown Richard 
Whrtetey sets Cfive 
Freedman against the 
colourful Olivia Lloyd 
• Potts. 

530 Bewitched The modem 
witch Samantha reforms a 
latterday Scrooge at 

530 More than meets the Eye 
last in this series 
exammes toe training of 
florists and their work 
against the dock to 
provide floral tributes for 
funerals, weddings and 
parties. (Oracle) 

630 Pop toe Question 

Nostalgia quiz with Chris 
Tarrant and David 
Hamilton on the pop music 
of toe Fifties to tne 


630 Home Bid Dry A young 
couple buying a house 
decide to do toek own 
conveyancing. The 
programme examines the 
forms they encounter, the 
interviews they conduct 
and gives advice on 
avoiding pttfaRs. With 
scripted (frama from Living 
Tape Productions. 

730 Channel Four News with 
Peter Sissons, includes a 
report on the controversy 
over plans to build a 
nuclear reprocessing plant 
at Dounreay (Oracle) 

730 C om me n t Esther Godding 
on racism and toe media. 


"conductors" who draw 
performances from 
handicapped cNdren in the 
same way toat orchestral 
conduc to rs (to from musicians. 
Britain's approach to caring 
for spastic children follows the 
okLconservative Bne of a 

system of care that, in the words 
of one dlsttusioned mother 
interviewed tonight amounts to 
tittle more than a baby-sitting 
service. Love, the fitoi says, is not 
enough. Intelligent work is 
needed too. and the 
'conductors" at the Peto 
Andres institute are amalgams of 
teacher, nurse. 

physlctheraprstspeoch therapist 
and psychologist. If it is true, 
as toe fitoi suggests, that it is 
Jeatousiy- guarded job 

( Radio 4 ) 

On tong wave. VHF stereo ven- 
ations » and of Radio 4. 

S3S Shippoig. EbO News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

635 Prayer (s). 

630 Today, incl 830.734 
830 News. 6 j« 5 
Business News. 635, 735 
Weather. 7.00, 6.00 
News. 720 Letters. 735, 

425 Sport. 7.45 Thought 
for the Day. 

8X3 Star smashers of the 
galaxy rangers. Read by 
Kerry Shale (2) (s). 637 
Weather. Travel. 

930 News. 

935 Tuesday cafe 01-580 
4411. Listeners can 
express their views and 
question experts on a 
subject of current interest. 

1030 News: From our own 

correspondent. Lrfe and 
politics abroad, reported by 
BBC foreign 

1030 Morning Story: 

Committee-box Lobsters 
by Duncan Gardiner. Read 
by Sion Probert. 

10.45 Daily Service (New every 
morning, page 1 22) (s). 

1130 News: Travel: Thirty- 
minute theatre Steve and 
Eddie by Johnnie QuarreU. 
with Jake Wood and 
Jack McNichol. 

1133 The Living World. WHctffe 

1230 News; Prophets, 
charlatans and little 
gurus. Ray Gosling's profile 
of Richard Buckmaster 

1237 Brain of Britain 1986 
(new series) (s). 1235 
Weather. ' 

1.00 The World at One: News. 

1.40 T he Arc hers. 135 

230 SL sHour. 
Introduced by Terry 

330 News; The Afternoon 
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Journeys beck into her 
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430 News. 

435 Communities in crisis. 
Margaret Percy looks 
back on the 1961 Bnxton 

430 Kaleidoscope. Another 
chance to hear last 

night's edrtxm. 

530 PM: News magazine. 
530 Shipping. 535 

630 News; Financial Report. 
630 Jarvis's Frayn. A series 
of unguarded - - 

beautiful; when toe KtekJer 
Besanioirwasopened It . 
and the communities it . 
served disappeared. But . 
toe memory lingers on. 
(First shown on BBC North 

830 Brookaide Madge is 

distressed to hear that 
Hany intends to join her 
- holiday with Ralph and 
Damon gets involved in . 
practical jokes. 

830 4 What It’s Worth Penny 
Junor presents two 
subjects: the rights and 

demarcation tost prevents Britain 
following Hungary's lead, 
then the mother of Joe. toe 
Lewisham lad who is in 
Budapest because there was 
nothing more they could do 
for him in England, is not too 
wide of the mark when she 
talks about "a shocking crime 
against humanity”. 

• One way ana another, this 
is a not a good night for toe 
(lTV.10.3ten)3ne half of this 
month's First Tuesday, 
shows hew hfe-or-death liver 
transplants are being denied 
to youngsters .Not in this case, 
because the expertise is 
teckmgfthere is plenty of this at 
Addenbrookes. Cambridge), 
but because there just isn't the 

Peter Davaile 

observations by Michael 
Frayn, with Martel Jarvis 

730 News. 

735 The Archers. 

730 My life tin now. Mary 
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Wade what fife was Rke in 

Liverpool in toe early 

400 Medicine Now. Geoff 
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medical care. 

430 The Tuesday feature: 

Getting into gear. Margo 
MacDonald examines the 
Glasgow Eastern Area 
Renewal project designed to 
revitalise Glasgow s East 

930 In Touch. For people with 
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930 More wrestling than 
dancing David Moreau 
recoltects a ttem p t s to come 
to grips with life (2). 

Growing up with a Bang. 

445 Kaleidoscope, includes 
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Absolute Beginners. 

1415 A Book at bedtime: A 
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1429 Weather. 

1430 The Work) Tonight 
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1130 Soundings. Rosemary 
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toe Church m rural Britain. 
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735 Morning Concert J C 
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in B fiat K 287) 

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11.15 London Baroque: with 
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minor. Op 1 No 10). 
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cantata Correa nei seno 
a mato). Mozart (Three 
church sonatas. K 69. 

K225. K144) 

12.10 Midday Concert BBC 
Scottish SO under 
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Chausson (Poeme de 

130 News 

135 Concert (contd). Janacek 
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Haydn (Symphony No 102) 
1.45 Guitar Encores: Oscar 
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2.15 Houston SO (under 
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Consort perform songs 
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Firenze. Giovanni di Firenze 
and others 

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drama Oer arms Heinnch. 
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Sung in German. Cologne 
Radio SO.with soloists 
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Act two is at 835. and act 
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Joyce Carey: A Distant Star. 
Radio 4, 330pm 

9.45 Pasquier Tno. Roussel's 
String Tno. Op 58 

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Recordings made by the 
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Bracknell Jezz Fetwal. 
Introduced by Charles Fox 
1130 Stockhausen: MajeOa 
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Piece XII 

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FREQUENCIES: Radio 1 n 053kHz/285m;1 089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 12t5kHz/247m: VHF -90- 
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14S8kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

BJ30 Starahot Ladies' day 
pigeon shooting with Sun 
' Quatro, Cttossie 
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and Arrthea HfiTyer, 
competing for toe. 
Budwei»r Trophy at 
- Hevar Castle in Kent ; 

9.00 LCteodtos Penultimate 
part of the Robert Graves 
sertat finally after a year's 
. rule, Claodkts realises his 
adored wife Messaiina is 

9.50 David Bowie: Serious 
MoonBghtTour This week 
Bowie’s new 18m, 

• Absolute Begtoners. 
opens in toe west BkL 
Hera is film from Japan 
during Bowie's 1984 
. World Toun toe range of 
numbers Heroes, Golden 
Years and Space Oddity 
. shows his versatffity. 

1(L50 Newsnlght with John 
- Tusa.Prtt8r.Snow. Donald 
MacCmmick and Oftvia 
O'Leary. 1L35 Weather 

wrongs ot battery hens 
and toe rising number of 
. .people indeot 1 Vi million 
people could not meet 
their fuel bffis East year. 
Defaulters feel depressed 
and guilty. 

9.00 FHnzThe Missionary 
(1981) Michael PaUn wrote 
and stars to tttis witty tale 
of a missionary returning 
to England In 1906, 

. looking forflnance for a 
Mission for Fallen Women 
to toe East End. Also cast 
are Maggie Smith. 
Denholm Elliott, Michael 
Hordern and Phoebe 

1035 The Tube Complete 
repeat of East Friday's 
extended programme with 
five performances and 
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Elton John, Bryan Ferry. 
Dire Straits. Tom Waites. 
Go West and The . 
Damned, presented by 
Joois Ho Band and Paula 
Yates (rt 




land 930 Groovy Ghouim 10.10- 

Nm 13XV230 FaahlonTV 640 Cross- 
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S4C Starts I.Otora Countdown 
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730 Newyddon Sarth 730 Byd y Creffhir 
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ny 10.10.1035 TerreiMwks 1230pm- 
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toon 130pm News 130-230 Ccun- 
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BORDER As London except 
==Dt£EIl 625am Saftame Sireei 
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631W35 LookaroiXid B303JB Ho- 

tel 1130 Tales hem the Dorkstde 1230 



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s l By 

32 TUESDAY APRIL 1 1986 

By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

Manchester United..... 
Everton — 

This draw was something 
for Ron Atkinson to celebrate. 
After three defeats by the 
League champions earlier this 
season. United shed some of 
their inferiority complex even 
if the point they gained was 
not enough to convince any- 
body inside Old TrafTord that 
they will win the title. 

They required all three 
points to retain a realistic 
hope of catching the leaders. 
They must wait for Liverpool, 
marginally- ahead on goal dif- 
ference. and Everton to stum- 
ble heavily during the 
forthcoming five weeks. To 
imagine both of their rivals 
yielding a lead of five points 
would be as optimistic as 
expecting the Mersey to dry 

Snow, sleet, hail and rain, 
driven by a violent wind, 
washed over the opening 
stages of the match. United 
were initially the brighter side 
in spite of their obvious 
physical fragility. 

Robson was again wearing 
his harness, to protect his 
shoulder and. since no other 
regular central defender was 
available. Higgins emerged 
with a huge bandage wrapped 
around the hand that he broke 
at Birmingham on Saturday. 

Underneath a curtain of 
swirling drizzle a Davenport 
run and a Gibson cross disr 
turbed the nerves of Minims, 
the understudy for Southall in 
goal. But once Everton had 
weathered the storm - in both 
senses — the sun came out. the 
gale died down to a breeze and 
they began to threaten Turner 
at the other end. 

On four occasions they 
forced United's goalkeeper to 
advance yards from his area to 

clear from Lineker. Yet the 
first half was to end as it bad 
started and Evenon were for- 
tunate to remain level at the 
interval. Hughes chose a spec- 
tacular bicycle kick at the far 
post when a header would 
have been more simple and 
more dangerous. 

A more conventional effort 
from Hughes moments later 
was held by Mimms; but he 
needed Moumfield to clear 
Gidman's low cross from 
almost off the line. He should 
also have been troubled early 
in the second half but Daven- 
port. still notably a stranger 
among his new colleagues, 
headed Strachan's centre fee- 
bly wide. 

More footbalL, results and 
tables on page 30 

Both attacks were lifted by 
the introduction of substi- 
tutes. Lineker, already suffer- 
ing from a groin strain, limped 
off with a pulled hamstring 
and was replaced by Heath, 
who has been responsible for 
rnanv late and important goals 
for Everton. Twice Heath 
almost managed a repitition of 
his past feats, but as a creator 
rather than a scorer. 

With an impudent flick he 
provided Sharp with the clear- 
est opportunity on a bitterly 
cold afternoon. Sharp, half a 
dozen yards out. had only to 
aim away from the two bodies 
in front of him. With a firm 
nod he succeeded in avoiding 
Turner but failed to evade the 
legs of Higgins. 

Heath, in challenging 
Turner almost immediately 
upon his arrival, invited Ste- 
ven to squeeze in a shot from 
an oblique angle. His accuracy 
could not be faulted but 
McGrath, voted runner-up to 
Lineker as the Players’ Player 
of the Year and the outstand- 
ing figure in United's defence, 
moved swiftly across to nudge 

the ball into the side netting. 

United’s flames were relit 
by the appearance of 
Stapleton. Once he had come 
on for Davenport, who at 
times seemed to be playing in 
a game of his own, and 
Strachan had, coincidentally, 
found a regular path around 
the ruthlessly aggressive Van 
den Hauwe on the right the 
fading challenge became in- 
stantly more substantial. 

With IS minutes left 
Stapleton, collecting a loose 
ball, slabbed from close range 
and Mimms displayed an 
instinctive agility to equal that 
of Southall. Seconds later be 
could only stare in bewilder- 
ment as another spectacular 
and explosive volley' from 
Hughes cracked against the 
iron fence barricade behind 
his left-hand post. 

United's main opportunity 
of breaking the deadlock lay 
finally at the feet of Strachan. 
Released by Whiteside, he cut 
through, momentarily consid- 
ered the possibilities and 
drove wide. Hanging his head 
in despair, he knew that his 
chance had gone and. with it, 
probably the championship 
ambitions of his club. 

J Gid man. A AJhiston, N Whiteside. 
P McGrath, M Higgins, S Robson, G 
Strachan. M Hughes, P Davenport 
(sub: F Stapleton). C Gibson. 

EVERTON: R Mimms; G Stevens, P 
van den Hauwe, K Rat cliffs, D 
Moumfield. P Reid, T Steven, G 
Lineker (sub: A Heath). G Sharp, P 
Brace well, K Richardson. 

Referee: K Hacked (Sheffield). 

• Paul Elliott, of Aston Villa, 
feces an international ban 
which seems certain to keep 
him out of England's two-leg 
semi-final of the European 
Under- 21 championship. El- 
liott. who scored England's 
equalizer in the quarter-final 
second leg match against Den- 
mark at Maine Road on 
Wednesday, was sent off and 
now faces disciplinary action 
by UEFA. 

Chelsea, thrashed 6-0 at 
Queen's Park Rangers yester- 
day mo ruing, can still win the 
championship — according to 
their affable young manager 
John Hollins. With nine 
matches to go, including fix- 
tures against all of the teams 
above them, except Everton, 
Hollins is confident his side 
can mount a successful chal- 
lenge on the title, Nicholas 
Haning writes. 

Yet few who witnessed the 
conclusion of Chelsea's dis- 
tressing Easter at the hands of 
London rivals, action from 
which is pictured above, can 
give his side even a remote 
chance. It was not so much the 

manner of this latest surrender 
that must undermine Chelsea, 
as the fact they face more vital 
games without David Speedie, 
their Scottish international 
forward, who was sent off (for 
the second time this season) in 
the 66 th min ate after an 
incident involving Dawes. 

The frolics of Wembley nine 
days ago, when Speedie scored 
three of the goals in his side's 
Fall Members' Cup Final 
triumph over Manchester 
City, must have seemed a long 
time ago as Chelsea lost for 
the first time on the artificial 
surface at Loftns Road to a 
team who are themselves 
bound for Wembley. 

Three of Rangers* goals 
came from Bannister, whose 
place for the Milk Cap final 
a gainst Oxford later this 
mouth was in jeopardy be- 
cause he had gone II weeks 
without scoring. But his last- 
minate selection was justified 
after just, eight minutes when 
be put Rangers ahead • 

If Frauds was less than 
convincing with his attempt to 
stop dial goal, Chelsea's depu- 
ty goalkeeper was even less 
convincing with Bannister's 
second in the 25th minute. He 
failed to come to Byrne's cross, 
leaving Robinson free to flick 
the bail on for Bannister to 
handle in. 

With the goalkeeper’s confi- 
dence at a low ebb two more 
goals coaid have come 
Bannister's way before the 
best of them all was scored a 
minute before half time. 
Byrne, after collecting the ball 
just inside Chelsea's half, 
made space for himself and set 

off on a ran that took him past 
two more challenges on the 
edge of the area before giving 
Francis no chance with a 
powerful shot. 

Two minutes into the second 
half Speedie squandered his 
side's best chance following 
Fereday’s anderhit back-pass, 
hot Chelsea fell Anther behind 
when Rongvie's misplaced 

clearance left Bannister with a 
dear ran on goaL He took Us 
chance and so did Byrne in the 
64th minute after .Alien and 
Bannister had. combined to 
spilt the Chelsea defence. 

Both substitutes were on the 
field now. but Rosenior made 
the greatest impact by gather- 
ing Byrne's back-header to 
race dear for another emphat- 
ic goal-scoring drive. 

With Chelsea six goals 
down.and a man short there 
was lktfe cause for s&onting let 
alone singing, hot the visiting 
sepporters still ended the 
match in full- voice. Their 
loyalty knows no bounds. 
Photograph: Tun Bishop 



Swansea ruthlessly take 
up Barbarian gauntlet 

By Gerald Davies 


Barbarians ... 


Swansea, who registered 
one of their highest scores 
against the Barbarians three 
years ago when they won 58-6, 
were in equally ruthless mood 
yesterday at St Helens. They 
won by four goals and six tries 
to a goal, one try and one 

Swansea have had an indif- 
ferent season, their play rarely 
matching what appears to be 
their potential There was no 
doubt about them yesterday 
and if on Saturday there was 
some poor handling against 
the Harlequins, everything 
was accurate and went to hand 
yesterday. Swansea gave an 
impressive display of the 
counter-attacking game. They 
took up the Barbarian gauntlet 
to great advantage with six of 
their tries stemming from 
movements begun deep inside 
their own half. 

The Barbarians started well 
enough, continuing where 
they had left off at the Arms 
Park on Saturday. They at- 
tacked with McGaughey and 
K.e3y winning much of the 
loose possession in the early 
minutes. Pearce searched for 
the gap, Thorbum ran wide to 
the left, then Lewis had a 

chance on the right It was 
good rugby but it was nothing 
compared to the brilliance of 
Swansea's opening score. 

From a scrum, Dacey went 
right on his own line, switched 
to the left and sent a long, 
speculative pass, missing 
Hopkins, to Emyr, who had 
space and went striding away. 
He moved in and out when 
faced with Lewis but passed to 
Jones, who was in support as 
was Paul Moriany. But it was 
Richards who took it on. 

Picture and more rugby, page 

feinting inside to send Wil- 
liams running outside him for 
Tilley to score the try. It was 
Swansea's finest of the season. 

The Barbarians replied after 
applying some pressure when 
Robbins picked up from a 
scrum and passed to Hill, who 
passed inside to Pearce for the 
score. Thorbum convened. 

Assisted by the wind, the 
visitors forced Swansea back 
in defence. Swansea's three- 
quarters went offside and the 
Barbarians extended their lead 
with a Thorbum penalty. Lat- 
er, Paul Moriarty picked up 
from the back of the scrum 
and sent Jones for an easy try. 
Before the end of the first half 
the home side had scored 
another superlative try, again 

beginning in their own half 
with Rees. Richard Moriarty 
and Hopkins had initiated the 
movement before Emyr went 
on a long run to send Paul 
Moriany in for the score. 

There was no delay in the 
second half and the floodgates 
opened with Titley’s second 
iry in the first minute. They 
came at regular intervals after 
that Other scorers were Emyr 
(twice), Rees, Richards, Jones 
and Paul Moriarty. Rees con- 
verted four of these. Devereux 
scored the solitary Barbarian 
try the second half. 

SCORERS: Swansea: Tries: Trtey 
(2). Jones (2), P Moriarty (2). Emyr 
(2), Rees. Richards. Conversions: 
Rees (4). Barbarians: Tries: Pearce. 
Devereux. Conversion: Thortxan. 
Penalty. Thorbum (1). 

SWANSEA: D Rees: M Tifley: D 
Richards: K Hopkins; A Emyr M 
Dacey: R Jones: S Foster: P 
Htatongs: K Coldough; P Moriarty; 
R Moriarty; J WDNams; M Davies 
(captain); T Cheese man. 

BARBARIANS: P Thorbum (Neath); 
P Lewis (UanalB) (rep: J Devereux 
(S Glamorgan Institute)): K G Simms 
(Liverpool): F J Clough (Cambridge 
University); A Hadley (Cardiff); G 
Pearce (UaneDi); B Hill (Bath); L 
Delaney (Llanelli); W Burns 
(Lansdowne); I Eidman (Cardiff); A 
Keay (Saracens): P May (LJanetfi. 
captain); R Norster (Cardiff): S 
McGaughey (Hawick); G L Robbins 

Referee: C Norilng (Swansea). 


Whitfield has a field day 

The championship battle 
swung towards Halifax yester- 
day when the Thrum Hall side 
beat Warrington 18-6 and 
their nearest challengers, Wig- 
an and Widnes, suffered unex- 
pected home defeats. It seems 
that Halifax, with three games 
to play, have the champion- 
ship within their grasp as 
other contenders fall foul of 
bigfixiurc backlogs. 

The highlight of the Halifax 
win was a magnificent solo try, 
by Colin Whitfield in the first 
half against Warrington. The 
home side were perhaps a little 
fortunate to have a penalty try 
awarded to them when Heugh 
was obstructed but they were 
good value for victory. 

Wigan spectators streamed 
from the ground minutes be- 
fore the end at Central Park. 
They could hardly believe 
their eyes as Oldham. 6-2 
down at half-time, scored four 
second-half tries with some 
excellent running and ban- 

By Keith Macklin 

diing which exposed alarming 
gaps in the Wigan defence. 

It was a see-saw second half, 
with the lead constantly 
changing hands until 
Oldham's late burst brought 
the clinching tries from Foy 
and Hobbs. The other Old- 
ham tries came from 
Wamecke and Kirwan; Hobbs 
kicked five goals. 

Wigan came to' life as an 
attacking force only in the 
second half, their tries coming 
from Hanley. Holden and 
Stephenson, with Stephenson 
landing three goals. 

Widnes scored first against 
St Helens but the visitors 
damaged Widncs's title pros- 
pects with three excellent tries 
from the New Zealander. Elia, 
the Australian. Veivers. and 
the young newly signed wing- 
er. McCormick. 

Another team to slip from 
grace were Hull Kingston 
Rovers, who showed the ex- 

hausting effects of Saturday's 
gruelling cup semi-final by- 
losing 14-8 against the bottom 
club. Dewsbury. 

Salford ensured first divi- 
sion survival next season by 
winning a comfortable 24-0 
victory over their neighbours. 
Swinton. In the second divi- 
sion Rochdale Hornets re- 
vived their promotion hopes 
by beating Runcorn Highfleld 
32-0. Chris Burton, the Hull 
Kingston Rovers’ second-row 
forward, has broken his arm_ 
and is out for the remainder of 
the season, missing the cup 
semi- final replay at Leeds on 

Castleford 24. Featherstone 16; 
Dewsbury 14. Hull KR 18; Halifax 
18. Warrington 6: Hull 18. York 12; 
Swinton 0. Salford 24; Widnes 6. St 
Helens 16; Wigan 18. Old Ham 26. 
Second division: Blackpool 8. Leigh 
15; Bramley 46. Keighley 10; Don- 
caster 14. BatJey 16. Rochdale 32. 
Runcorn Ntgnfiekf 0: Workington 36. 
Barrow 16. 

Robinson patient as 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Port of Spain, Trinidad 

England were put in in the 
fourth and last one-day inter- 
national here yesterday and 
found a pitch on which it was 
difficult to get out until the 
final slog, yet hard, even then, 
to score many runs. It was 
brown and bare, in contrast to 
the wicket a few yards away 
for Thursday’s Test match, 
which was more like a green 
dragon. In 48 overs England 
could manage only 165 for 
nine wickets. 

Pitches quite as slow as this 
one are more a feature of 
cricket on the Indian sub- 
continent than in the Caribbe- 
an. The bounce was as low as 
Dhaka, the cardboard texture 
as grey. England had a share of 
the one-day series to play for, 
having contrived a victory 
here earlier in March between 
defeats in Jamaica and 

Their pilot yesterday was 
Robinson, who had no short 
bowling or steep lift to unsettle 
him. He made 55. an innings 
of admirable patience and 
much hard work. Botham's 
flailing 29 was England's next 
best score. 

pays up 

New York — Jimmy Con- 
nors (raid a fine of S 20.000 
(about £13.700) and began a 
i 0-week suspension yester- 
day, the Men's international 
Professional Tennis Council 
announced. Connors, aged 33, 
will not be able to play in a 
sanctioned tournament until 
June 9 at Queen's Club. He 
will not be able to enter the 
French Open — the first time a 
player has been ineligible for 
one of the four Grand Slam 
events because of misconduct. 

The penalties were levied 
after Connors defaulted for 
refusing to continue his semi- 
final match against Ivan Lendl 
in the Lipton Internationa] 
Players Championships in 
Florida on February 21. 

Richer Becker 

Chicago (UP1) — Boris 
Becker teat Ivan Lendl in the 
finaf of the Chicago Grand 
Prix on Sunday and earned 
$50,000 (about £34.000). 
Lendl said he would not play 
tennis again until a knee 
problem was rectified. 
Becker's 7-6. 6-3 victory end- 
ed Lendl's winning run of 29 
successive matches. 

In the fifth over of the day 
Gooch, trying to force Mar- 
shall 10 leg. succeeded only in 
spooning him to raid-wicket. 
It had taken Marshall only 
four balls to deckle that the 
pitch warranted only one slip. 
The second, Richards, was 
fielding where Marshal! had 
repositioned him. With the- 
tall coming so sluggishly onto 
the tat, they were particularly 
difficult conditions for the 
touch player, and after 11 
overs Robinson had still 
scored, only four. Looking for 
the quick single is not in his 
game. If Richards and Rich- 
ardson had been running for 
England they would no doubt 
have found any number. But 
Gower got the innings moving 
a little and eventually Robin- 
son found a couple of offside 
long hops to hit for four. 

At the first interval for 
drinks, on a taking hot day, 
England were 49-1 after 16 
overs. The first ball on the 
resumption bowled Gower, 
who played round it. Walsh, 
the bowler, had come into the 
West Indian side as a more 
reliable one-day performer 


Becker; crashed Lendl 

Driving force 

David Llewcllin. of Wales, 
driving an MG Metro 6R4, 
increased his lead in the 
Rothmans Circuit of Ireland 
Rally on the first two stages 
yesterday after the Waterford 
halL The former national 
champion took 50sec off the 
second-placed man. Russell 

Hockey prizes 

England schoolboys woo 
the bronze medal in the under- 
1 8 category and the silver in 
the under- 1 6 at the interna- 
tional youth hockey tourna- 
ment in Eindhoven yesterday. 
The Netherlands won the gold 
medal in each event 

in Patterson. Though a 

S 'ict of the taU, Lamb 
it hardly less difficult 
than Robinson to pierce 
Richards's field, in which he 
himself was a live wire. Lamb 
was 1 1 overa reaching double 
figures, in spite of his trying to 
sur Robinson between the 
wickets. Harper, bowling off 
breaks, proved no easier to get 
away than the fester bowlers. 
So that after 30 overs England 
were only 81 for two. In the 
31st over Lamb was caught at 
the wicket looking for off-side 
runs from a low, short and 
wide balL 

This brought in Botham to 
try and crash his way into 
some sort of form, and he 
stayed for most of the rest of 
England's innings. He told me 
on Sunday that he had felt in 
“reasonable nick" for most of 
the tour, whatever his record 
may suggest He has not 
always looked it Now be tried 
a variety of heaving improvi- 
sations. one or two of which 
came off. 

In the fortieth over he lost 
Robinson, yorked by Mar- 
shall. then Willey, caught at 

Up for the Cup 

Colombo — Pakistan assured 
themselves of a place in the 
Asia Cup one-day cricket finals 
yesterday by betting Bangla- 
desh by seven wickets. 
SCORES: Bangladesh 94 

(Sftaheedur Rahman 37. Wasim 
Akram 4 far 10): Pakistan 98 tor 3 
(Mtxtassar Nazar 47 not out). Paki- 
stan won by 7 wickets. 

Hagaby on top 

fa the' Paper Sacks Jan 
KjeUsxrom orienteering festi- 
vaL held yesterday in Thetford 
Forest, Norfolk, the men's 4 x 
8km race went lo Hagaby, of 
Sweden, in 142min 52sec. 
Sheffield University came sec- 
ond in 143min 36sec, followed 
by Airienteere, in 144 min 29 

Mexico blow 

Dusseldorf — Bernd 
Schuster has told the West 
German manager, Franz 
Beckenbauer, that he will not 
return to the national team for 
the World Cup finals in Mexi- 
co' this summer. Beckenbauer 
said yesterday. 

“1 must accept Schuster's 
reasons," the manager said. 
Schuster, who plays for the 
Spanish champions. Barcelo- 
na. is reponedly negotiating to 
join the West German first 
division dub. Hamburger SV, 
next season. 

backward cover in the 43rd. 
With the batsmen taking risks 
off every ball as time ran out, a 
near-capacity crowd enjoyed 
the tip and run and, when 
Botham had the strike, the 
burlesque. Botham was caught 
on the midwicket boundary 
two overs from the end. 
needing another five or six feet 
of height lo clear it Down ton 
kept busy until beautifully 
caught by Greenidge, and 
West Indies were left in the 
end with a target of just under 
three and a quarter nuts an 

• Murray Turner, aged 22a 
seam bowler- who was not re- 
engaged by Somerset at the 
end of last year, has accepted a 
month's contract from the 
county for April 


G A Gooch c Richards 

b Marsh al 10 

RT Robinson b Marshall 55 

*D I Gower b Walsh 20 

AW Lamb c Dijon b WbWi 16 

IT Bottom c Hamer b Gamer— 29 

PWflley cGreendgeb MarshaB 6 
tP R Dcwnton « Graenidge b 

Marshall — 12 

RME&scnb Gamer 5 

J E Embtiray not out 2 

P H Edmonds b Gamer 0 

Extras (b 1, b 4, w 2, nb 3)- 10 
Total (9 wk ts.47 oven) — 165 
FALL OF WCKET&1-15, 2-49, 3- 
88, 4-126, 5-138, 6-154, 7-161, 8- 

N A Foster did not bat 
BOWLING: Marshall 84-37-4; Gar- 
ner 9-1-22-3; Holding 9-1-32-0; 
Walab 10-0-25-2; Harper 10-0-44-0. 
Umpires: C Cumberbatch and S 


Perfect credentials 

Gaynor Stanley produced honour, and I want to keep the 
perfect credentials yesterday job. 

for leading England’s women “It is no good having a 
at the Commonwealth Games captain who ., cannot win 
this summer. The 20-year-old events, and I am trying to lead 
from Stockport took the 400m by example. I would love to be 
medley title at the national captain of- the . England 
short course championships at women's team in Edinburgh 
Barnet CopthalL her second Adrian . Moorhouse.the 
success in the Hewlett 100m breast stroke champion 
Packard event It gained her of Europe and the Common- 
the award of top women's wealth, just foiled to break his 
swimmer on the last day. British record of 2mip 

Her time of 4min 5 1.73sec J4.35see, set last year, when he 
was the second best British retained, his 200m crown, 
mark of the year, and she said However, his time of 2mm 
“When I competed at the 1982 I5.13sec was the fastest Brit- 
Games I was loo young to ish mark for ! 986. He said; “I 
realize my responsibility to went out too fest and just died 
my country, but this time I near the end. 7 ' His 1 00m 
will tackle it completely, success on Saturday clinched 
differently. the award of top male 

“I am a lot older now. more swimmer, 
mature, and I think my atti- Mark Foster aged 15, of 
tude has improved as lap- Millfield, followed up with 
preach each event 1 have been yesterday's fastest British 50m 
captain of the Great Britain mark of f 986, and a 

womens team for the last British junior 100m butterfly 
couple of meets; it js an record. 


Toyota out in front 

Nairobi (Reuter) — Toyota 
filled the fust three places in 
the Kenya Safari at the end of 
the 800-mile second leg. Bjorn 
Waldegaard. of Sweden, Er- 
win Weber, of West Germany, 
and Lars-Eric Torph, also ol 
Sweden, all driving Toyota 
Celica TCs, arrived in thai 
order here yesterday morning. 

Waldegaard, who won the 
race in 1977 and 1984, main- 
tained the lead he had buiii 
early in the first leg. He has 

amassed only 1 15 penalty 
minutes, 30 fewer than Weber 
and. 1 17 fewer than 
Kankkunen. of Finland, who 
. is lying joint fourth with 
Markku Aten, his compatriot. 

WakJogaard fSwe. Toyora Cafiea 7Q. 
penalty 1 15 mns; 2, E mbvJMO , Toyota 
CeteaTCV 145: 3. L-E Ton* (Sw. 
Toyota coca TC>. 168; 4. J Kankkunen 
(Fin. Peugeot 205 Turt» 16) antf M Wen 
(Fin. LandaRaBw 037). 232; B.M KHdand 
s. SUbani TurtjgL 243:7. SKWb 
a. Peugeot 205 tuba 16), 245: 8, K 
on fife* VW ft* QTTt], 274; 9. 0 
Crmcos (Kama. Lancia Halve 037). 291; 
10, F Tundo (ken