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No 62,422 




Teachers in conference protest 

Vote to 

By Our Edncation 


• Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary 
.'of Slate for Education and 
Science, angered the teaching 
profession again . yesterday 
■ when he said he was appalled 
by the damage lo the educa- 
tion of children deliberately 
inflicted by some teachers 
during the recent long pay 

Their anger was conveyed 
pointedly when be was re- 
ceived in total silence by the 
-1,200 delegates of the Nation- 
al Association of.Scboohnas- 
ters and Union of Women 
Teachers, the second biggest 
teachers' union, whom Sir 
Keith was addressing for the 
.first time at their conference 
in Scarborough, 

In what was clearly an 
organized display of repressed 
hostility, not one delegate 
applauded when Sir Keith 
finished his speech. 

At the Cardiff conference of 
the third biggest teaching 
union, a motion of no confi- 
dence in Sir Keith was passed. . 
•Delegates representing the 
.110,000 members of the Assis- 
tant Masters and Mistresses 
Association passed the resolu- 
tion overwhelmingly. 

At Scarborough, Sir Keith 
said that schoolchildren were 
not achieving high enough 
standards, schools were badly 
managed, and the education 
service would get no more ! 
money until it could show it 
was spending its budget 

Sir Keith, referred to the : 
union's decision this week to i 
continue its boycott of prepa- . 
rations . for the new GCSE 
examination. He said "‘foie 
exam .would : go . ahead; ur 
September despitf me union's 
desire tosee it postpdhed-The : 
schools m May, he said, arid, 
the training programme was . 
in place. 

“You asked your members 
not to take part in the pro- 
gramme of prep ara tion,"' he 
said. "Thai does not seem to 
me to be either fair or reason- 
able, It will not seem fair or 
reasonable for pupils or 
parents." Children were enti- 
tled to be taught for the new 

The union's general secre- 
tary, Mr Fired Smithies, deliv- 
ered a long reply in which he 
said that seeking the confi- 
dence of teachers and serving 
interest of pupils should not 
been seen m conflict 

"It is the Government’s 
policy on finance which lies at 
foe heart of the problem of the 
education sendee in which our 
members have chosen to dedi- 
cate foeif lives," he told Sir 

GCSE confusion 
Leading article 



union voted yesterday in Scar- 
borough to look for the best 
ways of disrupting public ex- 
aminations as part of industri- 
al action fin- more pay. 

The derision, which took the 
leadership of tire National 
Association of 

Schoolmasters / Union of 
Women Teachers by surprise 
at the ann nal conference, re- 
verses previous policy that 
pobfic examinations should be 
exempt from mdustrial action. 

It means that foe executive 
of tire onion will have to look 
at ways of wrecking the exami- 
nation system and report back 
to members as a matter of 
urgency. That could be at a 
spedal conference or at next 
year’s annual conference. 

It would be almost impossi- 
ble for the union of 117,000 
members to deride to disrupt 
tire June wnw ri int jons be- 
cause they are (»Iy three 
months off. But yesterday’s 
derision cook! lead to Decem- 
ber resits or next year's exami- 
nations being disrupted. 

Mr Fined Smithies, 
secretary of foe NAS, 
said he did not regard the vote 
"significant” policy 

Levels of pay were leading 

teachers, he said. This would w^Ti.rr. “rrfJlJ 

cause a catastrophe in the 
schools. . 

Union ririflgpte* bad spent 
yesterday morning attacking 
Sir. Keith in one speed) after 
another before he arrived in 
Scarborough. He was de- 
scribed as the "mad monk”, 
“a drowned rat" and he was 
likened to vermin. 

. The union passed unani- 
mously a motion condemning 
Sir Keith for "his failure to 

he said. He believed tire issue 
would have to be pvt again fo a 
conference of members. 

“My members fieri a bit 
fractions so they want every- 
one to understand what a 
fearful fighting force they 
are", he said.“I understand 
that." The motion oo examma- 
tiovs was passed heavily, and 
to loud appbuse, after it had 
been amended. The amend- 
ment removed an immediate 
commitment to use exanrina- 

Dr Kurt Waldheim addressing voters yesterday in Krems, lower Austria, in his campaign to become Austria’s president. 

Peres call 

.23£&S'%S%*SS “• 

feiTure tfr recognize both the 
high quality of tbcrwoTk of the 

pj^seot teaching force, and 

their dedication in meeting 

by Iris; repeated statements 
and acuons tbat denigrate the 
- teachers* Value to soaety." 

and subriiteted a danse abort 
the executive reporting back 
on foe best ways of dHroption. 

At last year's conference a 
motion to ifisnipt. examina- 
tions was defeated by a major- 
ity of -200 voles and there was 
alsb a majority against at the 
NAS/UWT's qriai salaries 

conference is January. 


The big 

How does it feel to 1 
win the Grand 
National on a rank 
outsider? As the 
runners line up for 
Aintree’s great day, 
Hywell Davies, who 
rode last year’s 
winner Last Suspect, 
describes fence-by- 
fence the 

extraordinary thrill 
of a race without 
spills, from the 
sweat and tension of 
the starting gate to 
the triumph of the 
winning post And 
on the sports pages, 
a full A to Z guide to 

the field 


Michael Phillips’s 

preview plus, of 
course, the full race 
card with the form 

Yesteritf* «*** 

prize in The Times Portfolio 
competition was won by tire 
Rev F E Chard crf Downferai, 
Clitberoe, Lancashire. Pom 
Ho list page 24; how to ray, 
information service, page lo. 

Kidnap Bill 

A Bill to tackle “tug of love" 

child kidnappings hasb^n 

introduced to control jjjg™" 
lawful snatching of cbflaren 
by estranged parents rage 5 

U# Report 
Prew Beads 

Sport J®- g 

Theatres, rtc 31 

TV' A Radio 3] 
WeMkr Jo 

Home News 2-5 
Overseas 7-J 
APP K » 

Arts j 



Onrt . * J 

Diary 1? 


Yard cuts number 
of armed officers 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Scotland Yard is to reduce 
about 750 its . pool of 
cers authorized to use fire- 
arms so that only 11 per cent 
of the 27.000-strong force will 
be. allowed to use arms com- 
pared whh a current figure of 
14 per cent 

Police use of guns both in 
London and foe provinces has 
come under considerable criti- 
cism in recent wars with 
incidents such as the shooting 
ofStephen Waldorf in 1983. A 
London inspecior awaits trial 
for foe wounding of Mrs 
Cherry Groce in Brixton last 

Scotland Yard said yester- 
day that about 2,970 officers, 
including officers on protec- 
tion duties, would be autho- 
rized to use guns out of a total 
stehgfo of 27,000, instead of 
the. current figure of about 

In foe last published report 
for the Metropolitan, police, 
for 1984, there were 4,531 
officers authorized, represent- 
ing^nper cent of a strength of 

Yesterday a Scotland Yard 

spokesman said the figures 
showed the desire to reduce 
the number of officers using 
weapons. After the shooting of 
Mr Waldorf the Home Office 
and Sir Kenneth Newman, 
Commissioner of the Metro- 
politan Police, agreed the level 
of authorized police marks- 
men should be reduced to 
about 12 per cent 
The Yard, according to foe 
statement, is planning to cre- 
ate eight tactical firearms 
units mom its Dll firearms 
branch later this year to serve 
each of London's eight police 

Sir Kenneth Newman: 
agreed to reduction 

Westland share query 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry is likely to be 
asked to investigate _ contro- 
versial share dealings in West- 
land before last Primary's 
shareholders meeting which 

voted in favour of an £80 
million rescue package from 
Sikorsky and Hat 
The suggestion is expected 
to be made by the Stock 
Exchange Details, page 17 

team late 
to jet 

By Michael BaOy 
Transport Editor 

The emergency medical 
team took over an hour to get 
to last year's Manchester air 
disaster because foe airport 
control tower foiled to give it 
sufficient priority in reporting 
the accident, the North West 
Regional Health Authority 
disclosed yesterday. 

In a second error, an airline 
bus took 36 injured passengers 
to foe wrong hospital, the 
authority said. 

The bead of the emergency 
tram, Dr Ray Lawton, empha- 
sized that the mistake made 
no difference to foe number of 
deaths, or to eventual treat- 
ment of casual! ties. 

But he said* “It requires 
only a little imagination to 
visualize what could happen if 
mistakes of this ki nd were 
made again." 

1 The authority announced 
that it is now carrying out a 
review of air accident 

Manchester Airport de- 
clined to comment before the 
inquest and inquiry reports 
into foe crash in which 55 
people in a British Amours jet 
were killed. 

According to the authority, 
the airport's initial mistake 
was to report the crash to the 
medical emergency team as an 
incident rather than as a frill- 
scale emergency. 

When an ambulence even- 
tually reached the scene, foe 
full scale of foe disaster was 
realised and help was sum- 
moned, arriving 79 minutes 
after the crash. 

By the time the medical 
team reached the scene, all the 
injured survivors had already 
been taken to hospital. 

The second error was when 
an airline bus driver took 36 
casualties to Withington Hos- 
pital instead of Wythenshaw 
Hospital, thus missing the 
medical team. 

The inquest is expected 
later this year. 

High street record 

Woolworth faces 
£1.8bn bid battle 

By Alison Eadie 

The biggest -ever high street 
takeover battle broke out 
yesterday when Dixons, the 
fast-growing electrical goods 
retailer, launched a £1.8 bil- 
lion bid for Woolworth Hold- 

Woolworth, which was 
bought by its present owners 
for only £310 million three 
and a half years ago, rejected 
the bid as derisory and with- 
out commercial logic 

Woolworth shares soared 
257p on foe stock market to a 
closing price of 890p as foe 
City speculated that other bids 
might follow. 

Takeover rumours have 


been swirling round . Wool- 
worth for weeks. Dixons war 
thought to be the most likely 
bidder, but the company de- 
nied any intention of bidding. 

Mr Stanley Kalms, chair- 
man and chief executive of 
Dixons, explained 

yesterdayf*We had done our 
homework on Woolworth, but 
were not in bid mode until 
after we saw foe 1985-6 fig- 
ures, which came out last 

He described the figures — 
showing a 43 per cent rise in 
pretax profits to £81.3 million 
in foe year to February 1 — as 
very poor and said Woolworth 
still lacked a coherent retailing 
strategy. He called foe goods it 
sells a mish-mash of inferior 

Mr Kalms added foal Dix- 
ons would be able to develop a 
total formula for Woolworth 
based on the core product 
areas of leisure, home and 

Woolworth has 850 shops 
under lie FW Woolworth 
name plus 176 B&Q do-it- 
youself stores and 179 Comet 
electrical stores. 

Woolworth has a total sell- 

ing area of 14.4 million square 
feet compared with Dixons' 
1.5 million. But Dixons is 
valued by foe stock market at 
£1.6 billion compared with 
Woolworth's valuation of just 
under £2 billion yesterday. 

The key to acquiring Wool- 
worth is with six financial 
institutions, which hold 41 per 
cent of foe equity. 

They backed foe takeover of 
Woolworth in November 
1982 by a management team 
led by Mr John Beckett, who 
has just retired as chairman. 

The six are Warburg Invest- 
ment Management, Robert 
Fleming the Prudential, Legal 
& General, Merchant Navy 
Pension Fund and 
Charterhouse JapheL 

Woolworth's share price at 
85p above Dixon's bid price 
indicated the stock market's 
belief that foe bid would have 
to be raised to succeed. Stock- 
brokers spoke of £10 a share 
being a fair price. 

Dixons share price also shot 
up yesterday, unusually for 
the bidding company, to dose 
60p higher at 430p. The 
company’s heady growth 
record, and its successful inte- 
gration of Currys in 16 
months ago, have given it a 
strong following in the City. 

Its interim profits showed a 
rise of 140 per cent and full- 
year profits to April 9 1 986 are 
expected to reach £73 million 
from £39.6 million foe year 

The bid by Dixons caused 
temporary confusion for Mor- 
gan Grenfell, foe merchant 
bank which advises Wool- 
worth, but also acted for 
Dixons when it look over 

After a hurried meeting foe 
bank withdrew because of foe 
conflict of interest. Wool- 
worth will be defended by N 
M Rothschild merchant bank. 

S G Warburg which de- 
fended Currys against Dixons 
in an acrimonious battle, will 
ad for Dixons. 

Pretoria denies lifting 
ban on Mrs Mandela 

From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 
As hundreds of weD- wishers KJeynhans, the state attorney 

called on Mrs Winnie 
Mandela at her home in 
Soweto yesterday, there was 
confusion over whether ter 
banning order has been lifted. 

Colonel Leon Mellett, 
spokesman for Mr Louis Le 

Grange* Minister of Law and 

Order, said: “The banning 
order has not been lifted. It is 
only under review." 

Later Colonel Mellett said 
Mr Le Grange was discussing 

foe whole issue of banning 

with government legal 

In Cape Town, Mr P. 

on Mrs Mandela’s case, de- 

nied telling her lawyer, Mr 
Ismael A yob, that foe state 

would not oppose her appeal 

against a ban on her reluming 
to Soweto. “To foe best of my 
knowledge the order remains 
in force,” he said. 

Mr A yob said on Wednes- 
day he understood that only 
foe ban defining Mrs Mandela 
as a “listed person" still stood. 

Mrs Mandela said: Tm 
going back home. They’re 
welcome to arrest me there " 

Natal's uncertain road, page 8 

Students still find cash for drink 

By a Staff Reporter 
Students are not prepared to 

sacrifice tbeir entertainment 

and drinking in spite of their 
tight budgets, foe Federation 
of Conservative Students 
claimed yesterday. 

in 20 universities and colleges 
published today shows 46 per- 
cent of .students admit to 
spending more than £ 14 4 
week on drink, compared with 
less dww £X-ott i@6te? 

of male 

nary students at their stedenl 
Ha ns ami found many, particu- 
larly those in the first and 
second year, are spending 
more on entertainment am! 

But he admitted many are 
having to borrow from the 
bank, or parents,lo stretch foe 
budget further. 

Lager appears to be the 
most popular drink for men, 
while women prefer white wine 
or agin and tonic,. according to 
Mr MacGregor. 

He said: "I think students 

Tbe Tory students are using 
their figures to back the 
Government hi abolishing stu- 
dent grants and reptacmg 
them with loans. 

But the National Union oi 
Students described the surrey 
as an “exclusive Hooray Hen- 
ry questionnaire". 

An NUS spokesman said 
recent figures showed students 
spend Iras than £4 a week on 
entertahtment and drink on 
average. A survey, commis- 
sioned by foe NUS hi 1982, 
found foe average student 

While Iftperceal 

sh^teabtefoidax^y speotj tesfoan fiadav w a 
iTiteTcetitof aD students said fromtheir hard studying. Why pint of beer or a glass of wine, 
t hevsnent less than £330 a shouldn't they be ftm-foringr Tfc. N1 IS H* »*«r- 
- -- t *- — ; Tbe^ ^ survey,, which inter- 

viewed 200 students, also 
found more than half spend 
more than £5 a week: on 
concerts, ...cinemas, disco- 
theques and foofoaU. 

week atdubs.or public houses, 

foe survey found. 

Mr Mark MacGregor* FCS 

chairman, raid: “This was. not 
a -survey for rich Hooray 
Henrys. We interviewed onll: 

The NUS claims the major- 
ity of students have regularly 
to sacrifice a pint of lager and 
a midday meal to survive 
A recent MORI survey on 
national drinking habits fond 
that 40 per cent of young peo- 

ple, aged 18 to 24, said they 
went to a public house at least 
twice a week. 

The survey of 1300 people, 
aged 18 and over, found 
16 per cent go to a public 
boose at least twice a week. 

But the Brewery Society 
said that beer sold at student 
unions and university dabs is 
cheaper, an average of 60p to 
75p a pint compared info an 
average of 82p for a pint of 
lager, and 70p for ordinary 
bitter sold at public booses. 

• Right-wingers have made a 
clean sweep of FCS leadership 
posts, withMr John Beritow, 
aged 23, a post-graduate stu- 
dent at the City University 
elected natkonl chairman. 

Mr John Carlisle, foe right- 
wing MP recently harassed at 
campuses, was elected vice- 

Sir Peter 
dies at 75 

By David Hewson 
Arts Correspondent 

Sir Peter Pears, Britain's 
most famous postwar tenor, 
died yesterday aged 75. only 
10 w eats before foe start of foe 
Aldeburgb festival which he 
founded with his friend and 
companion, the late Benjamin 

The singer's death came as a 
shock to the East Anglian 
festival where he had been 
taking an active role in orga- 
nizing the programme. Bui foe 
event will go ahead as 
planned, although ft may be 
muted because of Sir Peter's 
death, a spokesman said. 

A graduate of Oxford Uni- 
versity and foe Royal College 
of Music, Sir Peter began his 
association with Benjamin 
Britten in 1939 and performed 
the lead roles in some of the. 
composer’s most important 
postwar operas, including Bil- 
ly Budd and Peter Grimes. 

Both took up residence in 
East Anglia where they found- 
ed the Britten-Pears School of 
Advanced Musical Studies 
and built up the Snape 
Mailings as a new musical 

Sir Peter gave up singing a 
decade ago but in recent years 
had appeared as a reader at 
occasional events at 
Aldebuigh. > 

He will be buried at 
Aldebuigh Parish Church next 
week next to Benjamin 
Britten’s grave. 

Obituary, page 14 

for Nazi 
file on 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky 
New York 

Mr Shimon Peres, foe 
Prime Minister of Israel, has 
urged the United Nations to 
make public a file on tbe 
Second World War activities 
of Dr Kart Waldheim, tbe 
former UN Secretary-General 
whom Jewish organizations 
accuse of concealing a Nazi 

At a press conference in 
New York after a visit to 
Washington, Mr Peres said he 
did not see why the UN should 
keep anything secret. He held 
out foe possibility that his 
Government would request ac- 
cess to Dr Waldheim’s file, 
which along with 40,000 oth- 
ers was tended over to tbe UN 
for safe keeping in 1948 by the 
UN War Crimes Commission. 

According to rules laid down 
by foe commission, specific 
files may be unseated only at 
foe request of governments. 

The US is under pressure 
from the World Jewish Con- 
gress, which is spearheading a 
campaign to hold Dr Wald- 
heim accountable for his al- 
leged Nazi activities. 

The US and Israeli govern- 
ments are hesitating to ask for 
foe file because neither wants 
to be accused of interfering in 
the internal affairs of Austria, 
where Dr Waldheim is a 
presidential candidate in the 
May 4 elections. 

The same bolds true for foe 
governments of Greece and 
Yugoslavia regarding accusa- 
tions that Dr Waldheim was a 
German intelligence officer 
and part of the operational 
command which committed 

Leading article, page 13 
Witnesses speak op, page 16 

Arab is 
in TWA 

From Mario Modiano 

Greek security police and 
American agents despatched 
lo Athens by foe Federal 
Bureau of Investigations (FBI) 
are looking for an Arab who 
may have placed foe bomb 
foal crippled a TWA airliner, 
killing four of its passengers, 
over Greece on Wednesday. 

The agents are acting on a 
tip-oiT from Italian authorities 
that a passenger, who travelled 
from Cairo to Athens on foe 
plane's outward journey in 
seat number 10F, under which 
the explosion laier occurred, 
may have planted a time- 
bomb there. 

The man left foe plane in 
Athens. Italian officials told 
foe investigators that the pas- 
senger. listed as Mansur, is a 
suspected terrorist and was 
involved in a 1983 attempt to 
plant a bomb on an Alitalia 
plane and is wanted for an 
attack on the Rome 

Cairo reports, however, in- 
dicated ihc passenger Mansur 
was a Lebanese woman. 

The Athens investigation is 
relying on several metal parti- 
cles, collected in a ravine near 
the town of .Argos in south 
Greece where the bodies of the 
four victims were flung out by 
foe blast, to establish the 
nature of the explosive. 

The metal was being exam- 
ined by Greek ordnance ex- 
perts as well as FBI agents. 

Other reports, page 7 

who debriefed the plane's crew 
after ordering TWA to call off 
a scheduled news conference 
with its pilot 

Before being spirited away, 
however. Captain Richard Pe- 
terson told reporters he hoped 
foe debris found near Atgos 
would reveal where foe bomb 
had been hidden. 

The hero of foe day, who 
landed foe plane with 118 on 
board at Athens Airport 13 
minutes after the explosion 
which tore a gaping hole in the 
fuselage, said it looked as if foe 
bomb "was in a suitcase 
beneath seat number 10F". 

"We do not know if it was a 
plastic explosive or dynamite. 
It could have been either." 

The pilot said it was not 
impossible that foe bomb was 
tucked into a life-vest despite 
the very strict security checks 
in Cairo, Athens and Rome, 
both by local police and the 
company’s own security men. 

The pilot, a Korean war 
veteran aged 54, said only an 
explosion above the cabin 
floor could explain foe lower 
leg injuries to passengers. One 
possibility would have been 
that the explosive was put in 
foe wall of foe plane. 

Eight FBI agents and eight 
officials of foe US Federal 
Aviation Administration are 

Continued on page 16, col 6 



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alert since US Navy 
clash with Libyans 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

t 'Police and airline security 
^officials in Britain have been 
on alert for possible terrorist 
‘attacks such as the TWA blast 
..over Greece since the first hint 
.'.'last week of fresh trouble in 
die Mediterranean, a senior 
'^police commander said 
" vesterday. 

.. r . Commander Pat Carson, 

* head of the Scotland Yard 
security operation at 
Heathrow airport, said securi- 

alerts primed by a special 
police intelligence unit at the 
"lairpori were designed to react 
^ swiftly to the development of 
C events abroad. 

* .“.News of the US Navy action 
£in the Gulf of Sine immedi- 
.‘.'ately prompted new security 
ground potential targets in 
.London, such as American 
^flights . 

Yesterday senior officers at 
„.ibe airport considered the 
‘ bombing in one of their 
^regular meetings on security 
^.problems and today the TWA 
'.incident is likely to be high on 
"'the agenda of a meeting of 
..airline and airport security 
■T managers at Heathrow. 

‘ .The heightening of security. 

. especially concerning poten- 
tial targets such as American, is the latest exercise in 
‘ a;British airport security orga- 
im/ation which is said to be 
highly valued internationally. 

■' In ihe pas; decade, the only 
bis incident involved a bomb 
-in a suitcase two years ago. 
which is attributed to a failed 
attempt to destroy a flight 

: by skin 

Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

A novel way of absorbing 
drugs through the skin has 
been developed to reduce the 
side-effects of medicines. 

The device, approved by the 
Committee on Safety of Medi- 
cines. is a small patch stack on | 
the skin. It is replaced daily j 
for continuous treatment, and 
introduces the drug more 
closely to the area where it is 
needed, and in lower doses 
spread, more evenly over 24 
hours. " 

The preparation contained 
.in the device demonstrated 
yesterday in London by a 
research group of Schwarz 
Pharmaceuticals, at Cheshara. 
Backing ha ms hire, was the 
ipost frequently used agent for 
treating angina; glyceryl 

It allows an increase of 
blood flow to the heart muscle 
by dilating the coronary ves- 
sels and others supplying dif- 
ferent tissues. The method of 
absorbing the snbstance 
through the skin is referred to 
as transderma! delivery, and 
the proprietary name for the 
device, which contains the 
medicine, is Deponit. It is not 
the first transdermal system, 
which was a patch to stick 
behind the ear to control sea- 
sickness. That ingredient was 

: The drug is virtually sucked 
out of the patch. 

from Athens to London. 

But an international confer- 
ence of air and sea port police 
officers in California last 
month was told that terrorist 
attacks could double by the 
1990s. and the emphasis will 
move from aircraft to airports 

Protection of British air- 
pons and passengers operates 
at three levels. The Interna- 
tional Civil Aviation Organi- 
zation provides generally 
accepted security measures 
which will stop the transit of 
terrorists and weapons be- 
tween countries. 

The Department of Trans- 
pon is instrumental iu this 
area and also oversees the 
second level of security pro- 
vided by aitport authorities: 
aircraft 'passing through this 
country and screening the 
people' who board or leave 
them. A national committee 
of airline, airport amd police 
officials pulls together policy. 

Police, sometimes aimed, 
provide the third level of overt 
security, and collate intelli- 
gence for airlines and airports. 

At the international level 
the Department of Transport 
believes there has been con- 
siderable progress in the past 
year, especially since the hi- 
jacking of the TWA flight to 
Beirut in the summer. Last 
December the ICAO, with 150 
members, agreed new safety 
standards which include bet- 
ter measures for checking 
passengers in transit. 

Mr Michael Spicer. Minis- 

ter for Aviation, said yester- 
day that “good progress” was 
being made after work by a 
committee including Britain, 
the United Stales and the 
Soviet Union. 

Speaking on BBC Radio’s 
World at One programme, he 
also pointed to work being 
done in domestic security. 
Heathrow’s new Terminal 
Four includes additional secu- 
rity measures. For example, 
passengers coming off a flight 
cannot mix with those board- 
ing an aircraft. 

Since last summer no pas- 
senger boarding a flight at a 
British airport can check in bis 
baggage and then fail to take 
his flight, leaving the baggage 
to go without him. 

Restrictions have been 
placed on baggage being 
checked in by a tour operator 
or another airline. 

Passengers and their hand 
luggage are checked using X- 
ray equipment now installed 
at airports. But baggage in the 
hold is not checked as the 
Department of Transport says 
it would be too expensive and 
difficult to organize. 

However, baggage is 
checked on El A1 and Irish 
flights. Mr Carson said his 
staff included an intelligence 
unit which constantly moni- 
tors events abroad and keeps a 
calendar of significant and 
dangerous dates in the calen- 
dars of countries and their 

Upstart in Nissan in 
pursuit of quotas 
ood old dispute 
Woolies with rivals 

Lambeth workers 
hold town hall 

By Hugh Clayton 

Council workers in Lam- 
beth. south London, occupied 
the town hall yesterday to 
prevent Conservatives from 
taking control after the ban- 
ning from office of most 
Labour councillors. 

The move was planned last 
year as a response to the 
possible banning of council- 
lors who look part in the 
abortive rates rebellion that 
began with 20 Labour 

Mr Jim O’Brien, chairman 
of the joint committee drawn 
from all unions in the council 
workforce, said that the 
workforce intended to keep 
Labour in power until all seats 
came up for election on May 
8. “Then the local people can 
decide for themselves.” 

The noisy departure of 30 
Labour councillors on 
Wednesday night marked the 
first mass bannings from 
council office since the Clay 
Cross dispute more than 10 
years ago. 

The 30 had to go after the 
High Court rejected their ap- 
peals against the verdicts of a 
local auditor that they had lost 
ratepayers' money through 
“wilful misconduct”. 

Yesterday was the first day 
out of office for many years for 
Mr Ted Knight, one of the 
architects of last year's rebel- 
lion. who described himself as 
a full-time councillor. 

Mr Knight, who was leader 

of the council until midnight 
on Wednesday, also helped to 
devise the complex frame- 
work which is meant to foil 
Conservative hopes of taking 
control in his absence. 

The main aim is to stop the 
Conservatives taking power 
although they now have a 
majority and to do nothing 
that could jeopardize a Labour 
election victory. 

That was arranged before 
Labour lost its majority on 
Wednesday by switching the 
power to call meetings from 
the leader of the council to a 
new committee led by the 
mayor. A new mayor was then 
chosen to replace the one 
about to be banned. 

Mr Kingsley Smith, the new 
mayor, can take up to three 
weeks to respond to a Conser- 
vative demand for a council 
meeting at which the policies 
of the old Labour majority 
could be overthrown. 

The Conservatives were 
worried that careful use of the 
roles by the three remaining 
Labour members could keep 
the new Conservative major- 
ity out of effective control 
until election day on May 8. 

Council unions fear that 
Conservatives would cut the 
workforce if they took power. 
Most council workers in Lam- 
beth went on strike for the day 
and were quickly supported by 
a 24-hour strike in Labour- 
controlled Hackney council. 

Exams cause confusion 

'-One education authority 
threatened yesterday to close 
down schools where teachers 
disrupted the new GSCE ex- 
amination courses as confu- 
sion reigned over the future of 
Britain’s 500.000 13-year- 
olds. U -» 

.AH over the country head 
teachers and parents braced 
them selves for a new term of 
disputes and uncertainty as 
teachers’ unions remained in- 
transigent over the two-year 
GCSE course which the cur- 
rent third-formers arc sup- 
posed to take instead of O 

The Conservative-ruled 
Hereford and Worcester 
County Council pointed out 
that it is preparing plans to 
shed hundreds of school 
places in the 1990s because of 
falling rolls and warned that 
'file amount of disruption 
caused to an individual school 
during the next few months 
would be an important factor 
in deciding whether it should 
remain open. 

“We will not tolerate any 

By Patricia Gough 
question of interfering with 
the GCSE.” Dr David 
Muffett, chairman of the edu- 
cation committee, said. A 
county National Union of 
Teachers representative de- 
scribed the warning as 

One of the 5.000 or so head 
teachers facing the new tur- 
moil is Mr Michael Pipes, 
headmaster of the City of 
Portsmouth School for Boys 
and chairman of the National 
Association of Head Teachers 
education committee. 

He has 311 third formers 
who have to decide this term 
what subjects they will sit in 
two years lime. Mr Pipes has 
also to contend with 34 teach- 
ers in the National Associa- 
tion of SchoolMasicrs Union 
of Women Teachers whq are 
demanding a fee per pupil for 
the internal assessments 
marking and 24 NUT mem- 
bers who he expects to insist 
on leaching the old O level 
and CSE courses. 

He has also been allotted 
£10 per pupil by Hampshire 

County Council for the new 
books and equipment which 
he estimates will cost at least 
£30-£40 a head. To add to the 
confusion some of the sylla- 
buses have yet to be approved, 
so that both children and 
parents do not know what 
they will be studying 

Mr Pipes will be meeting his 
NUT staff on Monday and 
expects the meeting to be 

The trouble is that he 
supports his teachers’ argu- 
ments that the new system has 
been inadequately prepared 
and funded. He estimates that 
nationwide it needs an injec- 
tion of £100 million. 

Mrs Carol Barker, a mem- 
ber of the parents’ association 
has a 13-ycar-old boy at the 
school and she said: “Many 
parents are concerned by the 
tact that the teachers have not 
learned the new syllabus and 
who can say that the marking 
will be correctly done? It is a 
worrying time. The children 
need the exams to back them 
up for their careers”. 


We regrettably announce that due to proftbitive and unobtainable insurance rates cunentfy 
affecting shipments in and around the iGutf. valued in excess of £10.000,000 



bomg an ancient an tonn wtaeh were accumulated « both Europe and the Unned States lor exhfemon 
and repatriation to the following countries of Iran. Iraq and Turkey. 

Due to these laiforeaeen ctrcumstanaK and the ec o nomic unfnasiMtv the protect has been lita rocaMy 
caneeBed end wMst the rugs were being hetd m transit in Her Majesty's Bonded Warehouses. Heathrow 
Airport and others, they now have been removed and must be tftsposed of unmediaiehr by Auction. 
Due io the vest number of pieces and value involved the auctions have been dnnded otto sixieen separate 
codec bort3 thus affordng everyone an equal opportunity to aHfture one or more Of thes e ma merpiccBS. 
The goods have now been i amoved from the warehouses to a more convenient location. 

Auction at The English Speaking Union. Dartmouth House. 37 Charias Street. London W1 
(adjacent to Chesterfield Hotel) on Sunday 8th APRX. 1988 at 3 pm. Preview from 1 1am 
SAT 5th & SUN 6th from lOam to 6pm 


Payments *1 be accepted in nagoilabto currencies and aB mater cradi cants 
Pjefcnp and Sh*pmg beams avariabb for thou wotmg to reexport 

Mr Baker on the road in Oxford yesterday (Photograph: Snresh Karadia). 

Baker halt s Oxfor d sprawl 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

Mr Kenneth Baker. Secre- 
tary of State for the Environ- 
ment, yesterday blocked 
further suburban sprawl in 
Oxford, but said bousing and 
industrial space was needed in 
several towns near by. 

“Oxford is part of our 
history and we most make sure 
riiat it is part of our future,” 

Mr Baker, an undergraduate 
at Magdalen more than 30 
years ago, said in the dty 

His announcement was weL - Oxfordshire growth areas 
coined by the Oxford Preser- 
vation Trust, which asked him the built-up area from creep- 
last year to curb development mg outwards, 
by the Labour-led dty councfl. Mr Baker was with Mr 
Mr Baker said it was time to John Patten, a minister of 
draw the inner boundary of the state in his department and 
Oxford Green Belt, which the MP for Oxford West and 
trust said was needed to stop Abingdon. The ministers 

RUC chief Tories’ ] 

acts to church 

Sillily tears By Richard Evai 

By Richard Ford The Conservative candidate 

cir inhn Hermon. chief ™ ^ Fu,hara by-dection 

e *^ d,ssuadC votm frora 
third night of violent attacks aiienaing. 

on their homes by “loyalists”. Mr Matthew Carrington, 
In the wake of four more dubbed the “invisible man” 
intimidatory incidents involv- by his opponents because of 
ing petrol bombs, bricks and his repeated refusal to share a 
stones. Sir John set up a public platform . accused the 
committee to consider the Fulham Council of Churches 
welfare of officers and their of being “politically 
families who have been motivated” and said it had 
attacked. deliberately attempted to ex- 

He is also to improve elude him from last night’s 
communication between him- meeting, 
self and the rank and file in an it was disclosed that Mr 
effort to keep them better Carrington’s agent had 
informed and counter lies and warned church traders the 
innuendo being circulated in meeting could be illegal and 
public. the Conservative Party would 

Sir John had a further take legal advice over it going 
meeting with the Police Feder- ahead, 
ation and the Government Fulham Council of 

promised to do everything Q^^es usually arranges, a 
possible to provide additional pu bJi c meeting during partia- 
protection to officers and their mentary elections with the 
homes, most of which are ma j n candidates attending, 
located in loyalist areas. gut [ as t night’s event, to 

The chief constable and bis wh j ch tb e Labour and Alli- 
senior officers are seriously a nce candidates agreed to 
concerned at attempts being anen( ^ clashed with a meeting 
made to break the RUC by arnm ged a few days earlier by 
people described as “thugs ^ Conservatives where Mr 
and hooligans” who mtimi- jsj orrnan Tebbit, party chair- 
date officers at their most was due to speak- 

vulnerable point by attacking m , _ . 

their homes and families. j Mr Carrington said yester- 
Mr Nicholas Scott, Parlia- day that the council of 

By Alan Hamilton 

A form of one-sided mar- 
riage was proposed yraterday 
between Woohe s, the dear old 

lady of the high street who has 

seen better days, and Dixons, 
the brash upstart all hung 

about with cameras and home 

computers. The takeow bid s 
on for one of the most femdiar 
Barnes in British retailing that 
started life ahead of the times, 
bat has found it ever harder to 
keep up. 

Frank Winfield Woolworth 
was an American retail store 
clerk who bad the bright idea 
that sates might be improved d 
all the merchandise were laid 
out on a table for the custom- 
ers to see. ' 

He opened his first shop m 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, m 
1888, pioneering the idea of 
(he walkaronnd open display 
store that lad its entire stock 
displayed on the counter. 

Woolworth had baflt up a 
thriving, chain across the Unit- 
ed States by the time be 
shipped his idea to Britain and 
opened his first European 
store in Church Street, Liver- 
pool, on November 5, 1909, m 
the heart of a working-class 
metropolis instantly receptive 
to his trading policy that 
nothing in the shop would cost 
more tten sixpence. 

He sold broken bisemts, 
sweets, housewares and other 
prosaic necessities of back-to- 

_ ,, back industrial life, 

p*i m grew* made dear that mere wonW ^ store quickly 

have to be growth in Oxford- another in the same 

shire, but they wanted it to be ^ ^ a chain across 

AAfiRruul Oiul fn VIA . ’ . TV • A «L. 11.4 

confined to towns and not to be 
allowed to spread into nnspoflt 
countryside and villages. 

They wanted county plan- 
ners to make room for 10 per 
cent more houses than origi- 

Britain. He enjoyed the flat- 
tery of imitation, some of it 

Bv Clifford Webb 

Motoring Correspondent 

Moves by Nissan UK to 
double sales in Britain in the 
next two years in apparent 
breach of the 11 per cent 
“ceiling” on Japanese car 
imports, has brought the pri- 
vatelv-owned company into 
conflict with many of its own 
dealers, the Motor Agents 
Association (MAA) and rival 
Japanese importers. 

The latter have protested to 
their Tokyo headquarters, de- 
manding action by the Japa- 
nese Automobile 

Manufacturers Association 
(JAMA) which “polices” the 
quota system setting individ- 
ual manufacturers’ shares 
based on controlled annual 

The dispute will be on the 
agenda at next month's half- 
yeariv meeting between the 
Society of Motor Manufactur- 
ers and Traders (SMMT) rep- 
resenting British interests and 
JAMA, although- it will not be 
raised by the British. 

The MAA said last night 
that writs had been issued by 
Nissan UK against the associ- 
ation. its director-general, Mr 
David Gent and Mr Martin 
Derrick, editor of the 
association's monthly maga- 
zine, Motor Trade Executive, 
alleging that an article in the 
latest issue dealing _ with 
Nissan moves to reorganize its 
dealer network contained 
“lies, distortion and half 

The agreement with the 
British Government stipulates 
that initial assembly of 24.000 

blatant, including a group of cars a year due to commence 
stores in Northern Maud at Washington. Tyne and 
ndm the same red and gold I Wear in July will be subtract- 

ners to make room for 10 per qs - the ^ ^ ^ gold Wear, in July wtU be subtract- 
cent more houses than origi- shopfronts and «.mng itself ed from Nissan's existing im- 
nally planned. They also want- F A Wellworth ami Co. port quota. Even if phase 2 is 

ed sites made available in the w . ., advanced from 1 990 to 1 988 it 

centre of the county for “high- ^By l^V^«lworflited 7« means plans t0 double British 
tech” companies that needed J® 1 *? *? “SJ* J iS: sales iilihe next two years can 
to be near university research ^ chamhad reached a peak ^ acb j eved on jy by breaching 

facilities. of stores ‘ . . „ the 1 1 per cent restriction oral 

“Many of the towns and Bat affluence gradually ^le expense of Japanese rivals. 

villages in the rural areas are overtook die Woolworth phi- 

of the highest value in heritage knophy and profits began to D^nlrino vminn 
terms,” Mr Baker said. The slide. Tie couspany was sold Dd llMH ^ 111 II till 
main bousing growth wifl be in In 1982 to the Paternoster momar 

n V rKJnii ..J anilina ,11 WCtllV iPIPt.lA IIlCl ilCl 

main bousing growth wifl be in In 1982 to the Paternoster momar 

Banbury, Bicester, Duknt and consortium, ending all vestige IvJCLLo laid gW 

Wihaa.i ie tin ha M«nuj>tinil with flip (krhnttal .,-1 . 1 . 

milUOIJ, UIU3IH, vnn-u. aim UIU3VI U l— .i, * .— “8 . n- 

Witney. Growth is to be of connection with the original 
curbed heavily in the historic American parent and leading 

• mm f TV. ■ 1 _!■ n-llti 4 t 

riverside towns of Henley and 
Wallingford and in the Cots- 
wolds at BorfonL 

of connection with the original The 157,000-strong Bank- 
American parent and leading insurance and Finance 
to a slimming exercise which union has rejected merger 
has now reduced the number of overtures f rom ASTMS, the 

Tories’ picket on 
church meeting 

stores to 850. 

l-flst year Woolies made a 
farther concerted effort to 

overtures from ASTMS. ihe 
scientific and technical staff 

But talks between ASTMS 

kUIIHVI I.UUVV1 — — 2 . Q. 

chafrq off the residue of their and the manufacturing staff 
sixpenny image, revamping union, Tass, are proceeding. 

their store at Hflchin, Hert- which could create a 
fordshire, quickly followed by of more than 600,0! 
11 others across the country, collar workers. 

in pastel colours and reducing — 1 ‘ 

their multiplicity of lines to six ’Ppiitv* nil 

basic areas; children's toys . I k 1111 Aril 
and dotbes, records and tapes, Mr David Prior, a 



By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

Tho Crm vrvative candidate evening- We g°* n B 10 
inthT “ fSEu ^S election a leaflet there which we will and dothes, records and tapes, 
ILSdavoSzedTSciSt give to everybody who attends stationery and confectionery, 

itSs amsasra 

^H,™ ,ssuadc votm from JSSfcSSJSSjJlS 

attending. cally motivated “but it is very 

Mr Matthew Carrington, difficult to escape that 
dubbed tbe “invisible man” conclusion". 

his °! , r e r nu „^° ] ? He accused die church lead- 

pS,l2^5fom^cuSd the gjUfl l VStaJS 
Fulham CtninctlrfChiuchjS c i ash JJf wiUl the Tebbit event, 

motivated" 8 and Lid it haZ Sg? Ijj Sl.Sf j" * 


elude him from fast nights cou]d j^g been rearranged, 

TSts disclosed that Mr *** etainma 

Carrington’s agent had was 50 busy- 
warned church traders the The Rev Timothy Poh, 
meeting could be illegal and chairman of the council of 
the Conservative Party would churches, reacted angrily to 
take legal advice over it going Mr Carrington's accusations 
ahead. saying he had done everything 

The Fulham Council of possible to try to accommo- 
Churches usually arranges a date the Conservatives. He 

possible to provide additional public meeting during parlia- 
protection to officers and their mentary elections with the 
homes, most of which are ma in candidates attending, 
located in loyalist areas. g U l [ as i night's event, to 

The chief constable and bis wh j ch Labour and Alli- 
senior officers are seriously aa ce candidates agreed to 
concerned at attempts being anen( ^ clashed with a meeting 
made to break the Rul" by arran ged a few days earlier by 
people described as “thugs ^ Conservatives where Mr 
and hooligans” who mtimi- N orrnan Tebbit, party chair- 
date officers at their most man. was due to speak- 
vulnerable point by attacking .. _ . 

their homes and families. j Mr Carrington said yester- 
Mr Nicholas Scon, Parlia- day that the council of 
mentarv Under Secretary of churches had been unwilling 
State for Northern Ireland, to discuss changing dates, 
said only a tiny minority or "Consequemlv we are going to 
hooligans were involved and be picketing the meeting this 
urged the community to sup- 
port the RUC and tell them of 
anyone suspected of carrying 

out attacks. — _ 

Early yesterday loyalists / L 

petrol-bombed the home of a m .11 IBB %_. BJ 

policeman in east Belfast as 

he. his wife and two children g y riifThni 

were asleep but the family 

escaped unhurt. Another round of conflict 

In Luigan a loyalist mob between tbe Church of En- 
gaihered outside the home of gland and Parliament is pre- 
an intimidated police officer gaged by a new survey on the 
as Lady Hermon, wife of the ^ of traditional public pray- 
chief constable, was visiting erSi which has been described 
them. The police had to by a leading church campaign- 
cordon off the area and escort er as a “Mazing scandal”. 

ftp*- bu ‘ - — KSwS 

^ 52 \«Sb?KPJS 

woman, Evelyn Glenholmes, JJJJ* ^ JLvevdiSwS 
failed io give Irish police the rny»* *» discoverer 

slip when a court ordered her The Prayer Book Society, 
release two weeks ago. which has promoted legisla- 

table and kitchenware, aim 

Two hundred stores are to 
be biased towards Insure, tbe 

remainder to rdy more heavily 
on Woolworth’s traditional 

Prior oh list 

Mr David Prior, aged 30, a 
British Steel sales director, has 
been shortlisted to succeed his 
father, Mr James Prior, as MP 
for the Suffolk constituency of 
Waveney. Mr Prior has repre- 
sented Lowestoft for more 
than 25 years but plans to 
leave politics at the next 
general election. 

NGA leader denies 
demo obstruction 

Mr Tony Dubbins, the gen- 
eral secretary of the National 
Graphical Association who 

ough that if print union 
leaders wanted an end to 
picket-line violence they 

was arrested outside the should stop tbe picketing. 

It /*%«**«•#*#* nlont tniA iiMMslrc oAA Dafnerrmt fA thd din 

Wapping plant two weeks ago. 
appeared before Thames mag- 
istrates yesterday charged with 

Referring to the dispute 
outside News International's 
new technology plant at 

had brought the time of the 
churches* meeting forward by 
one hour to enable Mr 
Carrington to attend and then 
go on to the Tebbit event The 
Conservatives had shown 
“very great reluctance” to 
attend the meeting since they 
were originally invited. Mr 
Ian Sanderson, the Conserva- 
tive agent had used “strong 

“I am very upset about what 
has happened and just cannot 
understand why the Conser- 
vatives have appeared not to 
wish to attend." 

obstructing the highway. He. Wapping, east London, he 
was released on unconditional said: “It's no good the artrac- 
bail after pleading “not tive Miss Brenda Dean saying 

bail after pleading “not 
guilty”. The hearing was ad- 
journed until May 21. 

• Mr William ShieL aged 31, 

in her most honeyed tones 
that she doesn't like the 
violence. If she called off her 


a bricklayer, of Tiller Road, pickets the men of violence 
Poplar, east London, accused wouldn't have a rallying 
of demanding £50,000 with point.” 

menaces from News Interna- 

tional was committed yester- 

cfay by Thames magistrat^ to m, to 

the Central Criminal Court for sa/re: ^an*» p« zoo: 

trial. He was released on bail nfSi irnasoo: Franc* fo sioa 
of £ 5 , 000 . 

• Mr David Hart, a potiti- £'^5 
cal commenlator, told the 

« m ( ? re , nce of C ? n ®g^L ve ^ 

Students meeting m Scarbor- £{arws 3 . 00 : Tu^saotn sooo-. usa 

0 SI. 75; Yunostavta Dtai 40a 

Prayer Book dispute 

Church conflict reopens 

By Clifford Longley, Religions Affairs Correspondent 

appeal by the bishops in 1981 
asking theological colleges to 
familiarize ordinattds with tbe 
1662 book. The survey shows 
that move in favour of tradi- 
tional langnage services to 
have had little effect. 

Among second year and 
later s indents for the priest- 
hood, 224 said they had nsed 
the traditional services “very 
often” or “often” in then- 
colleges, and 460 said they had 
used the Alternative Service 
Book to the same extent. Most 
had ased the 1662 services 
“seldom” or “never”. 

The survey is the latest 
chapter in a war between 

Prayer, tbe survey diKovered. SS^XarX^- 
The Prayer Book Society, ] y hi favour of the 1980 

RUC Ragirfsr 






4 435 
















4 EOS 









4. 951 













which has promoted legisla- 
tion to protect the states of the 
1662 book, regards the survey 
as ammunition for a renewed 
campaign, including farther 
action through its parliamen- 
tary lobby. 

In answer to criticism from 

modern langnage Alternative -r, — •«— «. 

Service Book, and a strong ^ eoconr^d tbe theologi- 
i.ll., -r 1 1 cal colleses to “wmk” at the 

undertakings were quoted as 
evidence of the church's gener- 
al sympathy for the retention 
of traditional services. 

Professor David Martin, of 
the London School of Econom- 
ics, who jointly arranged the 
survey on behalf of the Prayer 
Book Society, commented on 
the survey results: “The situa- 
tion is a blazing scandal in 
which the public integrity of 
the Church of England is 
dearly com pro m is ed, and the 
worst of the scandal is that so 
few churchmen openly ac- 
knowledge what has gone on”. 

Mr Anthony KBmister, vice- 
chairman of the Prayer Book 
Society, said yesterday that 
some bishops appeared to 

lobby of laymen and c!e 
who are supporters of the 1 
Book of Common Prayer. 

cal colleges to “wink” at the 
1981 statement. feel the 
bishops in particular and tbe 

DOOR 01 i-uranwa rrayer. ~ — “ — v - 

They were responsible for have not kept 

the simultaneous promotion. Pariiamei - * he 

in the Houses of Lords and 

MPs and peers in parliamen- Commons, of the Prayer Book 

j 1 DrAtai-linn Rill It inM Ufll 

tar) debates in tbe past, 
bishops and church spokes- 
men have cited an official 

Protection BilL It was well 
received by many members, 
but withdrawn after the 1981 


Theological colleges in the 
Church of England are inde- 
pendent of the bishops and of 
the General Synodl 

Lawyer fined 
£1,000 for 
breaking code 

A Teign mouth solicitor was 
fined £1,000 by a Solicitors 1 
Disciplinary Tribunal in Lon- 
don yesterday for “exiremfely 
foolhardy and ill-conceived” 
breaches of the profession's 
code on advertising. 

Mr Ronald Kentisbeer. who 
practises in Carlton Place, 
Teignmouth. sent details of a 
computerized conveyancing 
system to local newspapers 
and, by error, gave details of a 
proposed “striptease" stunt 
But one newspaper pub- 
lished a front-page article 
titled: “Solicitors Amazing 
Striptease Stunt” with a pic- 
ture of a female model 
through a keyhole 
Mr rcentisbeer denied that 
he had given any interview, 
either forma! or informal, to 
the paper or to another one 
which published an mode 
saying that Mr Kentisbeer 
intended to “tout” for convey- 
ancing customers. 

The tribunal found. Mr 
Kentisbeer guilt)' of conduct 
unbefitung a solicitor, but 
cleared him of allowing publi- 
cation of the “striptease stunt” 
article or material “touting” 
for conveyancing work. 

Tough measures to end 
loopholes which allow 
‘tug of love’ kidnaps 

D. H m . _ ■*“ 




By Frances Gibb, legal Affairs Correspondent 
measures to tackle 

ira w nk'iU UJ • . 

»ve” child kidnapping 
_ published in the 
Government's Family Law 
Bill yesterday. The BOi aims 
to help retrieve children who 
have been unlawfully 
snatched by estranged parents 
and taken off to another part 
of the United Kingdom be- 
yond reach of a court order. 

Lord Haflsham of St Mary- 
febone. Lord Chancellor, who 
introduced the B&L said: 
“These measures have at their 
heart the welfare of the inno- 
cent victims of disputes be- 
tween parents- the children.” 

He said it . would help close 
loopholes in pie law which 
“determined and unscrupu- 
lous people are at present able 
to use”. 

Parents could remove a 
child against its best interests 
from one part of the United 
Kingdom to another; conceal 
its whereabouts, and “frus- 
trate the efforts of the courts to 
secure the child’s welfare. 

and Northern Ireland, by en- 
suring that custody orders 
made in one pan of the United 
Kingdom would be recognized 
and enforced in another. 

Courts would have powers 
to order that a child's where- 

- — -j iv viufci turn a tiiuu & wncic- 

often by cynically playing off abouts be disclosed, order a 
one jurisdiction against child's recovery when it had 

another” Lord HaSsham 

The Government al- 
ready taken action to deal with 
international child abduction 
through the- Child Abduction 
Act 1984 and the ChOd Ab- 
duction and Custody Act 
1985, due to come into force 
this summer. 

• The new proposals deal 
. with child abduction within 
the three jurisdictions of En- 
gland and - Wales, Scotland 


threaten syste 

By Our Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The ch airman of the nation- drawing altogether burn crim- 
aj body for solicitors spebaliz- mal legal aid. 

aid, the Legal Aid Mr Soar expressed concent 
”***■“***•■ Group,, has .. that store and more firms wffl 
pulled his Cambridge firm out be forced to follow suit and the 
of criminar legal aid work . public will find it increasingly 

diffienh to find lawyers Wimpy 

to do the worlcRe added: “We 
cannot be optimistic for the 
future of the .service.** 

The Government has agreed 
a routine 5 per cent npratiug in 
criminal legal aid fees from 
April Land in the wake of the 
successful High Court action 
by the Bar, negotiations are 
about to start between both 
branches of the legal profes- 
sion and the Government on 
pay claims ranging from 25 to 
40 per cent 

Legal aid lawyers say the 5 
per cent increase is totally 
inadequate to meet rising over- 

became of the poor rates of 
pay-. : 

It is the latest iff a growing 
number of firms stopping 
criminal legal aid work, in- 
cluding Bowling and Co, of 
east London, which has one of 
the heaviest legal aid prac- 
tices, and the Legal Aid 
Practitioners' Group says M 
ethers will follow. 

Mr Peter Soar, chairman of 
the LAPG, said: “The govern- 
ment-controlled rates of pay 
are so low that sotidtarg 
actually lose money doing 
criminal work under legal 
aid.” Because of this Mr 
Soar’s own company is witb- 

not been given up in accor- 
dance with a custody order, 
and order surrender of a 
passport of a child prohibited 
from leaving the country. 

The Bill, based on Law 
Commission proposals, pro- 
vides for new rules which 
would settle the particular 
United Kingdom country in 
which a custody case can be 
derided; enable custody or- 
ders made in one United 
Kingdom country to be en- 
forced in another; and estab- 
lish procedures for enforcing 
custody orders. 

The Law Commission cited 
as an example of the present 
situation a case of a child 
living in England with his 
mother, but whose father 
starts divorce proceedings in 
Scotland. Both English and 
Scottish courts can decide 
custody. The Scottish court 
fives it to the father; the 
English court to the mother. 

There are no precise figures 
on the incidence of child 
kidnapping within the United 
Kingdom, but the Foreign 
Office estimates that about 
200 children are abducted 
abroad each year. The Lord 
Chancellor's Department said 
yesterday the figure for inter- 
nal kidnappings was thought 
to be at least that, and rising. 

The Bill would also aim to 
rationalize the rules of the 
three jurisdictions so that 
parents could not evade a. 
court order, or frustrate custo- 
dy proceedings, just by invok- 
ing the jurisdiction of courts 
in another part of the United 

snack diet 

By Our Science 

Urgent action by the De- 
partment oif Health; to eacom- 
age healthier eating habits 
among children is bemg called 
for by nutritionists after an 
official report ' shows that 
youngsters are T ~eatijig more 
wrecks than any other .stogie 

The department yesterday 
taried suppressing the report 
which indicates that children 
risk serious illness later in life 
through consuming masses of 
tatty and sugary foods. 

Although based on a survey 
of more than 3,000 children 
aged 10 to 15 hi 1983, the 
report has not yet been pub- 
lished. Ministers are consider- 
ing whether to publish an 
interim report. 

The findings show that chiL 
dren eat more drips, crisps and 
snacks than anyother angle 
food, such as meat or fish. 
They eat 10 times more white 
bread than wholemeal bread, 
consume too many so 
drinks, and take too little 
and fresh vegetables. 

s message 
on natural birth 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

kicking machines into 
action.” . 

Dr Steven Silverman, 
leading Americas obstetri- 
cian, talked at the symposium 
of the “arbhary guidelines * 
that compel women to “un- 
dergo a caesarean section ora 
forceps delivery.” 

‘Although these procedures 

Women must reassert their 
control over the birth of their 
babies rather than submit to 
the arbiiaiy rules laid down by 
doctors. Mrs Wendy Savage, 
tins consultant obstetrician, 
told an. international sympo- 
sium on childbirth yesterday. 

The increasing rale of cae- 
sarean birtta was-“an absolute 
madness” that . only women 
could stop, she said. Further- 
more: “For many, women, the 
chance to try for a natural 
birth, even If it feds, is 
absolutely essential” 

“We should rediscover 
some of the wisdom of the 
ages and stop the ever-increas- 
ing spiral of intervention. I 
think that nature does know 

Mrs Savage was speaking 
yesterday at the 1 986 Interna- 
tional Childbirth Symposium 
in London, which has as its 
theme the question: “Child- 
birth today, informed or 
performed?" .. 

“We have forgotten how to 
look at women in labour and 
pick up subtle signs of then- 
condition because we are too 
busy writing things down and 

may sometimes be appropri- 
ate, in the majority of cases 
they are not, and are just a 
matter of convenience. 

“There are many complica- 
tions that occur, both in the 
infants and the mothers, be- 
cause of such interventions. I 
don’t believe women are folly 
informed of the risks 

The symposium, at the 
Imperial College of Science 
and Technology, ends today. 

Pilgrim flights 

Knock airport in Co Mayo 
win open for frights carrying 
pilgrims from Britain on May 
23, the local parish priest. Mgr 
James Horan, who promoted 
its construction. 

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Racine for die fine: Play tire Knave (No 6) is behind Castle Warden at the finish, shown 
BW7f"K clearly in the drawing (left). 

Horse racing judge resigns 

A racing judge who caused a 
oear-oot when he changed his 
ileciriofl about a winner at 
Hereford on Easter Monday, 

r Rotfe-Silvester, a 

l years, said he had 
the Jockey Club 
iis resignation and 
her comment. 

: Newton Williams 
Chase he an- 
at Castle Warden, 
ta, bad been beatea 
t Knave hi a photo 
rly 40 mantes later 
vdgh-in had been 
and the bookmak- 
id out on Play the 
~ n8np to two, he 
be winner to be 
udefl. the heavily 
u-mooey favourite. 
lOtograpb dearly 
stie Warden the 
; in accordance with 
dice the bookmak-' 
not pay out an x 
wrected after the 

were called as 
n hammered on 
the stewards and 
One officer who 

By Richard Dowries 

attended the scene said: “It 
was absolute bedlam. People 
who had backed the original 

winner were very nnhappy 

“We were called in because 
officials were worried about 
what might happen if tiring 
were- allowed to get out of 

han d.” 

Mr Roffe-Sflvester’s wrong 

dedson wHI have saved the big 
off-course bookmakers thou- 
sands of pounds. Bank holiday 

mm ten* often place accumula- 
tive bets on favourites, so that 
as each fevomite wins, their 
winnings are put on the 

favourite in the next race. 

Play the Knave was the only 
winner that was not a favourite 
that afternoon at Hereford. 
Ladbrokes said yesterday that 
it would be impossible to 
. estimate how much would have 
been paid out on that race if 
tie favourite had won. but it 
would certainly be thousands 
of pounds. 

The £2344.60 prf» money 
however will go to Castle 
Warden and tie horse wiu be 
recorded as tie official vrinaer 
unless a complaint by Mr 

Mark Harrington, Play the 
Knave’s jockey, is upheld. The 
Jockey Cleb is holding an 
inquiry into his allegation that 
Castle Warden interfered with 
him at the last fence. 

He said: “IT the judge’s first 
decision bad gone against me I 
would have objected there and 
then, as Castie Warden took 
my ground after the last fence. 
But when it was announced 
that 1 had won there was no 
point. I am now going to ask 
tie Jockey Club to reverse the 

Mr Roffe-Silvester, aged 61, 
of wanton, Somerset made a 
similar error at Wincanton in 
1984, but it was to do with 
p beings not the winner. 

The Hereford steward, Mr 
John Williams, said: “He 
admitted his error and I know 
be was very upset. It was very 
difficult to separate the hors- 
es... bnt it is an 


. The last time an error was 
made over a winner was at 
Fontwell in October 1983, 
when the race was wrongly 
awarded to a horse at eight to 
one insfqy l of tie II to 10 

Mnffefy (left), a Shar Pel bred from healthy stock has been spared an over-wrinkled coat, bat Bulldog Dempsey had to be 
given a tracheotomy as bis exaggerated breeding caused breathing troubles (Photograph: Chris Harris) 

Efforts to end dog breeding cruelty 

The British Small Animal Vet- 
erinary Association called yes- 
terday for an end to breeding 
practices which it says inflict pain 
and disability on dogs in the name 
of fashion. 

At a press conference in London 
yesterdayJJr Peter Bedford, from 
the Royal Veterinary College, 
Hertfordshire, and the 
association's central information 

officer, said the Kennel Club was 
making efforts to overcome 
hereditary problems by revised 
breed standards. 

At the press conference exam- 
les were shown of the Chinese 
har Pei, a dog that has a heavily 
wrinkled face which can suffer eye 
troubles because the eyelids could 
turn in. It can also suffer chronic 
skin inflammation. 


The association says that if the 
Shar Pei is bred from healthy 
stock it need not suffer at all from 
its wrinkled coat. 

Bulldog Dempsey had to be 
given a tracheotomy because be 
could not breathe properly. Dr 
Bedford said that the trouble had 
evolved “basically through the 
whims of mankind”. 

Scarman - 
seeks fair JL 
trial for 
computers {j 


By Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

Computers could soon be 
common in courtrooms, help- hS, . 
ing barristers and judges to 
weigh up the validity of >n 
arguments. Lord Scarman to 
said yesterday. - ho 

Judges and counsel would, 
he said, have to learn about ry- 
computers and the Govern- lm 

mem had to recognize the m 

impending changes and make jle »uth 
money available to equip i is 
courts with the new at 

Addressing a London con- >e$ 
ference on computers and the hn 
law he said; “Courtroom use a 
of the computer should be- ok 
come commonplace, especial- 
iy in (be Court of Appeal and , 2 
the House of Lords. Why A 
should not counsel’s legal 
argument be tested in court by ** lU1 
reference to a computerized 2r ^ 
data bank (information bank) ? ' 

and to the computerized it- • |§ 

brary service...? !S ' 

“The courts could have 3 
their own link to these two 10 
sources; and the judges in 
court could put inquiries and n* 
get answers which would as- .*s. 
si st the argument ir- 

“The lawyer will need his u- 
own computer, or set of 
computers (for they are likely |v 
to become small and inexpen- -j. 
sive). to store and to enable 0 f 
him to analyse and assess the 1C 
information which reaches pv 
him from the commercial data fr 
banks as well as from his 
diem, witnesses, experts and _ 
other sources”. 


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Nitrate risk ‘minimal’ BBC changes its mind on cricket 



n bur 
■p an 

Fears about health risks 
from excessive nitrate levels in 
water supplies were not sup- 
ported by medical evidence, Dr 
David Bryson, chief medical 
officer of lCI's agricultural 
division, said yesterday. 

Green vegetables, iadudfng 
celery, spinach, cabbage, cau- 

liflower and lettuce, had fer 
higher levels of naturally oc- 
curring nitrates, he said, yet 
there was evidence to indicate 
that they coold be beneficial in 
preventing stomach cancer. 

Nitrates were among the 
least toxic of substances 

This summer's important 
one-day cricket matches will 
be covered by BBC Radio 
after alL 

The derision comes after 
the television service was 
criticized for not covering the 
test series in the West todies. 
Now the corporation has de- 

rided to provide full Radio 3 
commentaries on the four 
one-day internationals against 
India and tie finals of tie 
Benson and Hedges and 
NatWest competitions. 

Radio 2 is to start its spring 
schedules on Monday when 
the former Fleet Street editor. 

Derek Jameson, will make his 
debut as breakfast presenter. 

The day win include live 
broadcasts from HMS Ark 
Royal at sea. The Radio 2 
season will indude new shows 
by Richard Baker. Angela 
Rippon, Paul Jones, and Bob 

Not for the 

,We were in two minds 
whether to publish this weeks 
lead article in The Spectator. 

Its subject is frightening - 
literally beyond conception. 

But we decided to go ahead 
because the matter has now 
become so urgent. 

Andrew Gimson investigates 
current experiments on human 
embryos in Britain, and asks, 
“Where does science fiction 

After reading the article you 
may think that certain science 
fact should end. 

In an altogether more 
humorous vein, John Mortimer 
takes us on another voyage 
round his eventful week in the 
Spectator Diary. 

Just back from a visit to the 

British Army of 
the Rhine, close 
to the Communist 
border, he tells of 
dinner there with 
a Lieutenant-Colonel. 

As a trio plays Schubert in 
the background, the Colonel 
proclaims that his officers 
are individuals - they all wear 
different coloured socks. 

Mortimer notes the frustra- 
tion amongst the ranks: “They 
are involved in an endless game 
of ‘lets pretend’, like actors 
forever rehearsing for a play 
which can’t be performed, 
because the first night would 
mean the ending of the world’’ 
With all tins, and Enoch 
Powell on the Domesday Book, 
Isabel Colegate on Anthony 
Powell’s new novel, and Charles 
Glass on Colonel Gaddafi, “all 

human life is here.” 





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Titanic survey team is 
appealing for £2.2m 
to save expedition 

- French : organizers of an 
expedition- to film the first 
complete survey of the wreck 
of the Titanic are seeking 
British sponsors to invest £2.2 

The Anglo/French expedi- 
tion, due to take place during 
July and August when the 
weather is most suitable for 
diving, will use an unteihered, 
three-man submersible to de-' 
scend 13,000 feet to film the 
wreck, 400 miles off 

A tdeguided robot, attached 
by cane to a French-built 
diving submersible, the 
Nautile, will film the 74-year- 
o W and study new 

qdfoBftsraf ^marine life. The 
i!6tite’sV-.two r '- mechanical 
' -Jri^recbver some'rSics, 
as silver plates, -metal 

„ _ ieg&i wine -bottles and 

dtekr^oiairs, for scientific 

“It’s a race against time: 
Unless we find a major British 
corporation or consortium 
prepared to invest £2.2 mil- 
lion, the expedition will end 
up in American, hands,” Mr 
Brian Wodey; a : . Sussex ma- 
rine salvage- consultant and 
retired deep sea diver, said. 

Mr WoneyJias teamed up 
with Mr Itfcri Clutterbuck, a 

London businessman, to find 
a sponsor. 

Mr Worley said the techni- 
cal co-ordinatois of the expe- 
dition, Taurus International, a 
company based in Pan's which 
specializes in offshore project 
management, believe it 
should be an Anglo/French 

"We need a patriotic entre- 
preneur willing to invest in 
Britain's history and pioneer- 
ing spirit," 

The French Institute for 
Oceanographic Research, in- 
volved in the Titanic expedi- 
tion last September with the 
US Woodsbole Oceanograph- 
ic Institution, will supply the 
submersible, a pilot and a co- 
pilot and surface support ves- 
sel with a crew of 25 scientists. 

"This is a tremendously 
exciting project and one in 
which Britain should have a 
chance to participate,” Mr 
Robert Chappaz. chairman of 
Taurus International, said 
from Paris yesterday. 

The Nautile submersible, 
which weighs 18.5 tons, has a 
titanium alloy pressure hull 
and external structure. It is 
capable of exploring 97 per 
cent of the surface area of the 
ocean floor and successfully 

completed the Kaiko diving 
expedition off the coast of 
Japan last summer. 

The expedition studied the 
Pacific sea-beds and continen- 
tal shelves at a depth of 6,000 
metres. The Nautile left an 
early warning earthquake sys- 
tem on the sea-bed. 

“Ideally we would like to 
invite a British observer as the 
third man in the submersible. 
It should be an Anglo/French 
expedition or a European 
venture." Mr Chappaz said 
The French organizers would 
like to invite the Prince of 
Wales as an observer, he said 

The submersible, designed 
and built by the institute, is 
undergoing final sea trials and 
will be ready for the expedi- 
tion in June. 

Two support surface vessels 
and towed advanced research 
sonar vehicles were used in 
the September expedition. 

The first photographs of the 
Titanic were taken by a US* 
robot vehicle, Angus, which 
operated from a surface sup- 
port vessel via an umbilical 

However, the submersible 
will not have to rely on a cable 
system from the support sur- 
vessel and will be able to 



A formidable challenge for Ken Clutterbock (top) and Brian Worley (above). 

explore the wreck freely. 

A documentary ' film and 
books are planned with Brit- 
ish and international televi- 
sion networks showing 

This will be the first 
complete film survey of the 
Titanic. But it will also pro- 
vide a wealth of material for 
biologists and scientists,” Mr 
Worley said 

Also, the US Navy submers- 
ible, Alvin, will join the 
Nautile for several days to 
participate in the first joint 
simulated rescue and retrieval 
operation at 13,000 feet. 

Under 10s 
seek help 
on drugs 

Children undertbeageof 10 
are among those who have 
telephoned BBC Helplines for 
advice about drugs. 

More than 500 calls have 
been received at Helpline 
centres in London and Glas- 
gow after the anti-drugs televi- 
sion programme. It's Not Just 
Zammo, for children on 

The programme, presented 
by John Craven from 
Neivsround and Nick Ross 
from Drugwatch. was aimed at 
helping children to “Just Say 
No” to drug pushers. 

A spokesman said yesterday 
that almost half the calls 
received in the first 24 hours 
after the programme were 
from young viewers inquiring 
for someone other than 

Most were seeking help for 
the first time and not all calls 
were from drugs users. Of the 
users who did call, 45 per cent 
were aged between 15 and 19, 
25 percent were Hand under, 
and there were even a few 
from children under 10. The 
remaining 30 per cent of 
callers who admitted being 
users were 20 or over. 

"It's very heartening to 
know that the programme 
prompted young people in 
great need of help to seek it for 
the first time," John Craven 

• The number of deaths from 
solvent abuse in Scotland has 
more than doubled in a year. 
There were 24 fatalities from 
abuse in 1985 compared with 
nine in 1984. Among 14 and 
15-year olds 12 solvent-relat- 
ed deaths were recorded last 
year, compared with three in 

Call for stricter noise controls at airports 

By Michael Baily 
Transport Editor 

New regulations are needed 
to control noise around 
Britain's airports, and more 
compensation should be avail- 
able for all affected by it 
Which? the Consumers' Asso- 
ciation magazine says in its 
latest issue. 

Top chess 
juniors at 

By Harry Golombek 
Chess Correspondent 

The Oakham School Inter- 
national Tournament at Oak- 
ham School, Rutland, is 
becoming one of the world's 
strongest junior international 

The tournament sponsored 
by Mr John Gerwood, a 
former pupil, is designed to 
give young British players the 
opportunity to play some of 
the world's strongest juniors. 

This year's event, which 
ends on April 11, has 42 
players representing 23 coun- 
tries including Czechoslova- 
kia. Yugoslavia, the US and 

An English junior player, 
Stuart Conquest, the Hasting 
international master, has 
made a fine start by winning 
his first round and he must be 
classed as one of the favourites 
to win first prize. 

Mark Condie, an interna- 
tional master from Scotland, 
won quickly in 33 moves. 

Olhrrt wim anr potm from tt» fim 
round are. Marin iRonuuilai. BtaJnv 
■CzecIwnlovakJa). Kurzynskl (Poland I. 
Horvath iHungapyi. Gaieqo i Portugal). 
Thomas lEnquiNli. Emms lEngUndi. 
Buckinire (Barbados). Burgess (Scot- 
land) and Fogumnr (Belgium) 

Problems with planning: 3 

Bureaucrats hold 
the best cards 

The Government wants to 
help builders and other 
developers to cut through 
the maze of regulations 
that can make It hard to 
win permission to build. 
But, as Hugh Clayton, 
Environment Correspon- 
dent, reports in the last of 
three articles, it can be 
even harder to stop per- 
mission being given. 

Every few seconds a faint 
jolt could be felt through the 
chairs in Mr and Mrs David 
Bclben's elegant home. It 
came a brier but perceptible 
interval after the thump of a 
pile-driver on a building site 
on the other side of their 
pleasant walled garden near 
the centre of Warminster in 

Mr Belben said that the 
shock of the impact of the 
machine that was driving 
concrete piles into the ground 
next door was travelling 
through the rock underground 
and making itself felt in (heir 

The Bclbens have spent 
months fighting a planning 
application to build a dormi- 
tory annexe for a local girls' 
school on open ground behind 
their home, which is listed as a 
Grade Two building of histor- 
ic interest 

Their campaign has won 
support from several local 
residents and some council- 
ion. but it was not enough to 
sway West Wiltshire District 
Council, the planning author- 
ity which allowed the annexe 
to be built. 

Their end of the town is a 
local conservation area, which 
means that English Heritage, 
tiff-quango that looks after 

listed buildings, should have 
been lokl that a new building 
was planned there. 

After planning permission 
had been given, the Belbens 
learnt from West Wiltshire 
District Council that English 
Heritage had not been told. 
The council apologized and 
assured the Belbens that 
changes would be made to 
avoid similar errors in the 
future. But the permission to 
build behind the Belbens' 
garden had to stand. 

Next, the infuriated couple 
tried politicians. Their case 
rose as far as Mr Richard 
Tracey, a parliamentary un- 
der-secretary of stale at the 
Department of the Environ- 
ment responsible for planning. 
He told them it was a local 
argument in which he could 
not intervene. 

“I am extremely upset," 
Mrs Belben said. “The tran- 
quillity at the back was one of 
the reasons why we bought it.” 

Mrs Anna Macpherson. an 
architectural ad riser with En- 
glish Heritage, said the con- 
crete tiles and artificial stone 
planned for the annexe would 
not blend well with the weath- 
ered stone of the surrounding 
houses, including the Belbens' 
home. But she pointed out 
that the commission's role 
was only advisory. It could 
not force a council 

The Belbens encountered a 
feature of the planning system 
that has floored many an 
objector against new build- 
ings. It is that once permission 
has been given the building 
work can race ahead. Even if 
objectors can win the argu- 
ment, they may find their 
victory soured by the new 
structure that stares them in 
the face. 


Present noise limits around 
Heathrow and Gatwick were 
set 25 years ago and do not 
achieve the best standards of 
quiet in today's conditions, the 
report says. 

Of the original grant 
schemes to enable people to 
shot out aircraft noise with 
doable glazing and other forms 
of insolation, only three sur- 

vive the report says, at Man- 
chester, BirminglwHE and 
Leeds/Bradford. Socfa grants 
should be available to all 
homes badly affected by air- 
craft noise and airports should 
be required by law to acquire 
serioasly blighted properties- 
The report cites examples of 
illogicality. Present noise rales 
allow the Boeing 747 tocontin- 

ne in service bat not the quieter 

Many aircraft could be 
flown more quietly, the report 
says, quoting Manchester as 
an airport with an enlightened 

With flights expected nearly 
to double by the end of the 
century, Which? says there 
wiU be more aircraft in the sky 

and possibly more noise in 
spite of the advent of quieter 
engines. It caffs for the follow- 
ing steps to control it: 

• Improved ■ 
tions based on scientific re- 
search with str ic te r controls 
aad better monitoring; 

• More insulation grants, 
pins purchase of serioasly 
bfighted properties; 

British industry 
told to change 
or face decline 

. Sir John Harvey-Jones, 
chairman of ICL challenged 
Britain: last night to bury Old 
prejudices and adapt to 
change, or free irreversible 
decline.; •" 

Sir John, delivering the 
Richard Dimbteby lecture on 
BBC1, made an impassioned 
speech on behalf of Britain's 
manufacturing industry in 
which he launched a scathing 
attack on “them-and-us” 

He said: “The historic rela- 
tionships between the CBI and 
the Tory Party and between 
the Labour Party and the trade 
unions have been a means for 

preserving totally, outdated, 
adversarial attitudes. 

“This terrible symmetry of 
political and industrial ‘sides' 
has a great deal to answer for. 

“Our political system is in . 
itself adversariaL . As each 
successive government has 
reversed the policies of its 
predecessor, British industry 
has been constantly inarching 
up the hill and marching down 
again,” Sir John said. 

“The Grand Old Duke of 
York has been our constant 
companion. Winning an in- 
dustrial race against interna- 
tional competitors with this 
land of handicap is like racing 
Seb Coe wearing a diving 

Britain's manufacturing in- 
dustry was becoming so un- 
dervalued that the decline 
could become irreversible. 

“In too many firms tbere 5 j 
are too many 
distinctions between the i 
floor,- office 
management,” he said. - 
“People are not treat 
some cases are not allowed 
be treated, as individuals who | 
are part of the same team. i 
“Industry is above every- |j 
thing a ream job; our team £ 
versus the competitor team, l 
Teams only work when people i 
feel part of them, and a team is 5 
only as strong as its weakest § 
link.” 7 

In a lecture entitled: “Does 2 
industry matter?”. Sir John | 
said everyone wished for a i 
better Britain. Nobody took * 
pleasure, in crumbling sewers, 
low pay for teachers 
squeeze. on- the health 

“But .what we have to 

-into ouf heads is that 

politics^ footballs only 
cause our wealth-creatfo^ 
inadequate. It is not a qtres- 
tion of allocation, it is a 
question of having enough to 

Sir John argued that earn- 
ings from service industries, 
banking, insurance and tour- 
ism, could not replace manu- 
facturing industry. 

“Manufacturing is not only 
a vital provided of the prod- 
ucts we need and a creator of 
employment; it is also the 
means whereby the country 
pays its way in the world,” ° - 
John said.' • 


Hell’s Angel ban lifted 

The High Court yesterday 
lifted an injunction which had 
prevented London Weekend 
Television from showing a 
documentary on the death in 
custody of a Hell's AngeL ' 
The programme, to be 
shown tonight, was tanned 
after six policemen claimed 

there was a risk of prejudice 
being caused to an inquest 
into Mr John Mikkleson's 
death. Last week the inquest 
found that Mr Mikkleson, 
aged 34, of North Kensington, 
west London, was unlawfully 
killed. Seven policemen have 
been suspended. 

Enough Said? 

Frankly, there’s been more than enough said about Wstiand over the past Helicopter Corporation of India became effective. Three years negotiation is 
‘ BW "l^isad is not about politics, it's not about recriminations, it’s simply about 


Westland pfcYbov0 England 



1 0-1 

— 1 ' , 




If you think advances in air travel don’t 
happen overnight, think again. 

Between the last flight on April 11th and 
the first on the 12th, we’ll transfer our Paris, 
Amsterdam and intercontinental services to the 
most modem terminal building in the world. 

The first thing you’ll notice about Terminal 4 
is that its huge: 64 Check-In desks mean less 
congestion, less queueing. 

Avoiding stairs, escalators and lifts you can 
wheel your trolley direct from car to plane. 

There’s easy access by road, parking for 3,200 

cars, a brand new Underground station and our 
own fast, frequent bus' service to and from 
Terminal 1 (from which our domestic and other 
European services will still operate).. 

British Airways wishes you a pleasant flight 
through the world’s most advanced terminal.- 

British Airways 

i oL*-*^.**.. ^»..*v > * — ,- - '* ' „ / . ^ "^*1 

WmsCm. ~»i-.-- ~«L' . , ; - 1 --• . - '-• 

i ;.. v > ■ - - 



*My son co uld be on t hat plane* says Gadaffi 

bomb blame 


From Robert Ffefc 

Obviously anxious to avoid 

wrth t£°? er 

with the Americans, Libya is 
going out of its way to avoid 

rttM C j£l lhe '7^ oni “ n8 °f **» 

apart from Colonel 
* 0WI i_ denial of're- 
sppnsibihty, officials in Tripo- 
li were asserting repeaiedJv 
^steriday L that Ub^lSew 
notnmg about the attack, it 
disapproved of it and - in the 
y^ords of one Gadaffi func- 
tionary — "so far as we are 
concerned . lbe ’ matiw » 

A fter the attack on passen- 
8^5 at Rome and .Vienna 
atrportem December, Colonel 
t-*adafli initially praised the- 

killings ias a . justified Wow 
ag^^tte UntteffState. 

of . the bombed TWA airliner 
on the tarmac at Athens, 
quoting agency reports on the 
casualties with neither com- 
ment nor embcEfehment. It 
was the fifth item on the 
evening buitetin. 

The Libyan leader’s own 
statement was dear enough. 
“Who could do such a thing?* 
heasked. - . 

“The passengers on a. plane 
like this could be mixed, not 
just Americans. Anyone could 
be on that plane. My little son 
could be on that plane. This is 
not Libya’s fault" . 

. Colonel Gadaffi could not 
resist noting -that President 
Reagan’s policies had “created 

an international campaign 
against Americans" 

What he did not say was 
that he has personally helped 
to encourage just such a 
campaign - at the least emo- 
tionally - by specifically call- 
ing for attacks against 
American “interests” 
throughout the Middle East in 
retaliation for the confronta- 
‘ tion between the Libyans and 
the US Sixth Fleet in the Gulf 
of Sine last week. 

If it turns out that a 
Palestinian group was respon- 
sible for the bombing — as an 
anonymous telephone caller 
to a news agency in Beirut 
suggested — then it could be 
difficult for Colonel Gadaffi to 
claim that be did not help to 
inspire them. 

Nor can a -Libyan denial be 
accepted without question. 

on terror offensive 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 
Lmyan-feaclei terrorist or- day’s bombing of a TWA word," be said. Libya had in 

ahiiner, “although 

8»nizatioii$ have stepped up 
their planning in the past two 
months, Mr Michael 
Annacost, the US Under- 
secretary of State for political 
affairs, said yesterday, citing 
American intelligence reports. 

Waslsiiigtojs, however, had 
not foam) any direct link 
between Libya and Wednes- 

„ we don’t 
rale out Libyan involvement”. 

Speaking at a televised 
press conference finking four 
countries, by satellite, Mr 
Annacost said the US did not 
give much credibility to Coto- 
uel GadafiTs denial that Libya 
. was behind the latest bombing. 

“We would not rely on his 

Baby Demetra King and her mother Maria, of Annapolis, 
Maryland, TWA blast victims. MraKlng's mother also died. 

the -past publicly admitted 
sponsoring, financing and sup- 
porting terrorist operations. 

“Whether or not be was 
involved in this bombing is one 
issue. We have no doubt, 
however, on the baas of his 
own claim as well as our own 
intelligence reports, that he is 
deeply involved in sapporting 
terrorist operations gener- 

Recent intelligence reports 
had demonstrated that future 
terrorism would not only be 
directed at targets in the 
Middle East, North Africa 
and Western Europe, “bat in 
far-flang portions of the 

The US had no intention of 
responding to an overture from 
Libya for dialogue with Wash- 
ington. Two Libyan emissaries 
visited Sandia Arabia recently 
to try to establish contact with 
Vice-President Bosh when he 
visits Riyadh this weekend. 

Mr Annacost said Libya 
would have 'to improve its 
conduct before the US would 
agree to talk. 

Be defended the US deri- 
sion to sail the Sixth Fleet into 
the Gulf of Sirte as an 
affirmation of maritime rights. 

While Colonel Gadaffi may 
well have been quite ignorant 
of the impending attack on the 
TWA airliner, he said only in 
January that he was prepared 
to “give assistance" to revolu- 
tionary groups although he 
would not be “responsible for 
their individual acts". 

His officials put a somewhat 
different gloss on matters 
yesterday. “We didn't plan 
this and we didn't do this, and 
we think it was wrong,” one 

“We are against terrorism 
The Americans cannot accuse 
us this time." 

Washington's restrained re- 
action to the bombing has led 
the Libyan authorities to be- 
lieve that another round of 
mutually abusive ritetoric be- 
tween Mr Reagan and Colonel 
Gadaffi can be avoided- 

Finger is 
at Cairo 

From Peter Nichols 

The Italian authorities yes- 
terday denied that inadequate 
security at Rome airport had 
allowed the bomb to be taken 
on board the TWA Boeing. 

Signor Oscar Scaltaro. the 
Interior Minister, said that “a 
person suspected of being in 
the lists of wanted terrorists 
certainly boarded the aircraft 
at Cairo and left the flight at 
Athens. In the course of his 
.journey he was seated at the 
point in the cabin where the 
bomb later exploded". 

The minister gave no name 
but investigators say that a 
suspected Arab passenger 
named Mansur or Mansour 
boarded the flight in Cairo. 

After the terrorist had left 
the flight at Athens the aircraft 
flew on to Rome with the 
bomb still hidden under the 
seat he had occupied and 
returned to Athens with the 
bomb still intact. 

It blew up on the approach 
to Athens but too late by a few 
minutes to destroy the 

in court 

Palermo (Reuter) — The 
Mafia in for me r, Tommasa 
Buscetta, made his first ap- 
pearance at a trial of neariy 
470 alleged gangsters yester- 
day and said hi decided to 
“sing” because the. criminal 
society had betrayed its ideals. 

Buscetta, aged 57, made his 
long-awaited appearance at 
the two-month-old trial being 
held in a fortified banker next 
to Palermo's Ucciardone jail 
after being flown from the US. 

He had given evidence at 
the “Pizza Connection" Mafia 
trial in New York, enabling 
investigators to indict 467 
alleged gangsters on charges 
ranging from drug trafficking 
to murder. 

Ignoring the cages contain- 
ing many of the accused, 
Buscetta told the court “I 
remain a member of the Cosa 
Nostra (Mafia) in the same 
spirit as when I joined. 

“But, from the 1970s on- 
wards, the ideals of Cosa 
Nostra changed and there 
have been acts of violence 
which do not correspond to 
the original ideals." 

Arab arrests 
fuel Israeli 

Jerusalem — The arrest 
recently of an undisclosed 
number of Israeli Ara bs re - 
ported to have received terror- 
ist training m Syria has 
provoked concern here that 
the traditionally quiescent 
Arab population inside 
Israers pre-1967 borders may 
be becoming more involved m 
terrorist activity (David Bern- 
stein writes). __ . 

The men arrested, said to he 
members of D r, 

Habash's radical Synaitbased 
PFLP. are suspected of having 
murdered - 1 9-year-old Ser- 
geant Mosbe Tamara after 
picking him. op white he was 
hitchhiking' home* 

The press is suggesting that 
the investigation into the mur- 
der of several other Israelis 
during the past two years may 

be nearing completion. 

Iran’s gentle 
face of Islam 
dies aged 83 

Ayatollah Kazetn Shariat- 
Madari, one of the five grand 
ayatollahs of the Shia branch 
of Islam, has died in “Tehran 
hospital aged. 83 (Hazhir 
Teimourian wnt«K 

The ayatoflah, who came to 

prominence during 
the 1979 revolution m ton as 
the -gentle, pragma*: fereof 
the clergy, wasjf** P 12 ^ 
under house arrest by. the 
regime and accused of m- 
v3vement in a plot to over- 
throw the Islamic repubfea . 
charge wffich- lre-deai edr^fe -r 

able following. 

Bonn first choice 
for French visit 

Fnmlhik Jobnsoi,Boaii 

7 -rM Jean Bernard Raimond, 
a name known here only to his 
fefloiw professional diplomats 
until he ceased to be French 
Ambassador to Moscow two 
weeks ago, chose Bonn yester- 
day for bis first trip abroad as 
FranceY Foreign Minister. 

The venue was intended, by 
both France and West Germa- 
ny, to emphasize that each, 
regards the other as its most 
important European relation. 

With the saute intention, it 
was . announced after M 
Raimondis talks with hte West 
German counterpart, Herr 
Hans-Dietrich Genscher, that 
Bonn woukLalso be the venue 
for M Jacques Chirac’s first 
appearance on the interna- 
tional scene as newly-ekmed 
Prime Minister. 

Herr Genscher spoke yester- 
day of West Germany's “con- 
tinuing good relations” with 
France. But there is no doubt 
that the arrival of M 
Raimond, the impending ar- 
rival of M Chirac and the 
expected continuation of the 
regular meetings which -Chan- 
cellor Kohl has with President 
Mitterrand, have raised here 
the characteristically German * 
question; who is in charge? 

The Germans like tidiness 
in French foreign policy, as in 
all else. Whoever in the Quai 

d’Orsay does torn out to be In 
charge of that policy, it is 
assumed here that, whatever 
his skills, it will not be M 

The West Germans realize 
that diplomats can also be the 
real makers of foreign policy, 
but they assume the French 
chose a diplomat at this 
particular tune because those 
are the sort of skills needed to 
carry out whatever foreign 
policy emerges 

Nevertheless, the West Ger- 
mans want to know what that 
foreign policy will be. 

In the past year, there has 
been disagreement between 
France and West Germany 
about the space4nsed Strate- 
gic Defence Initiative. France 
is against it and West Germa- 
ny officially, and guardedly, is 
in favour of at least the 
research stage of Star Wars. 

Bonn will want M Chirac to 
clarify his thoughts on the 
issue. If they turn out to be 
genuinely different from M 
Mitterrand's, the West Ger- 
mans will then have to recon- 
cile themselves to their closest 
European partner having two 
policies on important matters. 

The West Germans console 
themselves with the thought 
that the French themselves 
now have the same problem. 

Astronauts questioned 

Washington — The presi- 
dential commission investi- 
gating the Challenger shuttle 
disaster held a public hearing 
yesterday to question senior 
astronauts worried about 
flight safety problems 
(Mohsin Ali writes), 

Mr William Rogers, the 
commission's chairman and a 
former Secretary of State, said 
his panel wa^-gjving careful 
attention .to their' concerns. 

“The space shuttle pro- 
gramme will only succeed in 
the future if the competent 
and highly qualified men and 
women who fly the shuttles 
have confidence in the 

Astronauts testifying yester- 
day included Commander 
John Young, . who recently 
charged that astronauts had 
- long been exposed to poten- 
tially fatal hazards. 

‘lacks fire’ 

Sofia (Reuter) — Signs are 
emerging from Bulgaria’s 
Communist Party congress 
that economic reforms sug- 
gested by Mr Todor Zhivkov, 
the veteran leader, may be less 
radical than rhetoric suggests. 

“The congress seems now to 
be xunning out of steam. I 
can’t see another Hungary or 
Yugoslavia emerging here,” 
one Western diplomat said 
yesterday, the second day of 
the four-day meeting. 

Mr Zhivkov’s opening ad- 
dress and the Centra] 
Committee’s report have 
failed to develop sufficiently 
the themes of reform and 
“scientific and technological 
revolution". It has not been 
explained bow the new eco- 
nomic line mil be implement- 
ed. diplomats said. 

The Bulgarian leader has 
vigorously promoted change 
for the past year after it 
became clear that earlier re- 
form attempts, known as the 
new economic mechanism, 
had failed to improve the 
quality of Bulgaria's industrial 

“His thrust yesterday was as 
expected — his science and 
technical revolution and the 
reform of management struc- 
ture. But it’s sounding now 
more rhetoric; than action," a 
Western analyst said. 

The only new element was 
an elaboration on the role of 
an economic council set up in 
January. This would act as an 
auxiliary body to the Council 
of Ministers (Cabinet), allo- 
cating resources 

Earlier statements on re- 
form had promised radical 
changes in prices, wages, fi- 
nance and management poli- 
cies to decentralize decision- 
making and attune the 
economy more to the realities 
of the domestic ami interna- 
tional markets. 

Sir John Gray, heavily guarded, leaving yesterday's meeting with a top Shia official. 

join P 

Kuala Lumpur (AP) - Ik. 
laysian forces are conducting 
joint exercise with Britt: 
Gurkhas from Hong Kong 
the jungles of Kota Ting 
district, 150 miles south 

U involves 2,000 peopl 
including 250 troops of the 6 
Gurkha Company and LSI 
personnel from the 21 si B* 
talion of the Royal Mali 

The joint exercise is d 
signed to train Malaysia's 21 
Battalion in convention 
warfare and to enhance c 
operation and understand!! 
with British Army units. 

Norway gets 
new paper 

Norway's leading quali 
newspaper. Aficnposten, toe 
a step towards launching ti 
country's first national Sui 
day newspaper since 1919. 

It told its staff that a 32-pa] 
weekend edition will be pu! 
fished from Saturday. Api 
12 . 

Cash transfer 

Chambery. France (Reute 
- Four masked gunmen bur 
into the offices of a font 
transfer company here an 
escaped with 8 million fran* 
(about £800.000). 

Mission over 

Lima f Reuter) — Peru h: 
ordered the Intern a non 
Monetary Fund to close i 
mission in Lima. 



Beirut students strike oyer i Ra P istshot 
missing British teachers 

Beirut (AP) - Students and 
teachers at the American Uni- 
versity of Beirut yesterday 
staged a half-day strike to 
protest against the disappear- 
ance of Mr Leigh Douglas, a 
political science professor and 
one of two Britons missing 
since Friday. 

Mr Douglas, aged 34, of 
Norfolk, was reported missing 
after failing to show up for 
classes on Tuesday. 

The university's faculty as- 
sociation unanimously voted 
to ask all members to stop 
leaching pending an investiga- 
tion into his disappearance. 

The other missing Briton is 
Mr Philip Padfield, aged 40, of 
Bideford, Devon. He is the 
director of the International 
Language Centre in Beirut 

None of Beirut's extremist 
factions has claimed to have 
abducted the men Iasi seen at 
a west Beirut bar. 

Sir John Gray, the British 
Ambassador to Lebanon, yes- 
terday met Mr Hussein 
Yusset a senior official of the 
Shia Muslim Amal, in an 
effort to locate the missing 

• French quit: French 
ceasefire observers left embat- 
tled Beirut yesterday, ending a 
two-year mission monitoring 
clashes among rival militias 
(Reuter reports). 

Pori officials said the 45 
sailed from Jounieh after fare- 
well ceremonies with militias 
and the Lebanese Army, 



which was reported to 
awarded them medals. 

France ordered the 
home on Tuesday, saying its 
task had become impossible 
because of continuing clashes 
between rival militias along 
Beirut's Green Line front. 

• Militias clash: Shia Muslim 
militia and guerrillas loyal to I 
Yasser Arafat, the leader of 
the Palestine Liberation Orga- 
nization. battled with mortars 
and rocket-propelled grenades 
in Beirut’s Sabra and Chatilla 
refugee camps yesterday (Our j 
correspondent writes). 

The seven days’ fighting has 1 
claimed at least 28 lives, most 
of them civilians living in and 
around the camps in south 

Seoul ready to defend games 

Faced with North Korean 
threats to disrupt this year’s 
Aslan (games. South Korea and 
the United States are consider- 
ing the use of airborne warning 
and control aircraft to keep 
watch on the North, with anti- 
aircraft missiles ready to ward 
off any attacks and the US 
Navy standing by. 

The plans were announced 
after the annual security consul- 
tative meeting between Mr 
Caspar Weinberger, the US 
Defence Secretary, and his 
Sooth Korean counte r part, Mr 

A joint committee will be set 
op to review security measures 
for both the Asian games and 
the Olympic Games in 1988 “so 
that we can respond very 
Strongly to disruption efforts by 
North Korea" Mr Lee said. 

In recent negptiations the 

From David Watts, Seoul 

North Koreans have been de- 
manding a half share in what 
would be called the SeouL 
Pyongyang Olympic Games. 
Their failure to win that share 
of this important pie is fikdy to 
bring disruption, the Sooth 
Koreans fear. 

Washington says North Ko- 
rean forces are now deployed in 
much greater strength near the 
border, with 65 per cent of their 
ground forces there. The Smith 
believes this is part of a strategy 
to win a decisive advantage in 
the first week of any fighting, 
before US ranforoanests ar- 
rive to supplement the 40,000 
American troops already here. 

The deployments by the 
North “seriously reduce warn- 
ing time, and continued vigi- 
lance will be required", the joint 
comm unique said. Both sides 
agreed to improve early-warn- 

ing systems and increase ex- 
changes of strategic infor- 

Mr Weinberger yesterday 
reiterated America's “uns hake- 
able commitment to the peace, 
security and freedom of South 

Asked if he felt the US was 
helping to defend a democratic 
government in South Korea he 
replied: “I'm satisfied that what 
we're doing is desired by the 
Government of the Republic of 
Korea and is essential for the 
preservation of the Government 
and the preservation of freedom 
and peace in the peninsula." 

He said be would not get 
involved in the internal affairs 
of South Korea when it was 
suggested to him that opposi- 
tion rallies were an imitation to 
North Korea to create trouble in 
the South. 

Port Moresby (Reuter) 
Police rescued a kidnappe : 
Australian woman raped by 
gang on a golf course t . 
shooting dead one of hi - 
seven attackers and woundir . 

Dalai’s tour 

Amsterdam (Reuter) — IT . 
Dalai Lama is to visit We • 
Germany. Austria, The Netl ;/ 
ertands and France ne: - 
month, a Dutch-Tibetan cot ~ 
tact group said. ^ 

Modern Chins ' 

Peking (AP) —China, whei 
all land and important indu: 
try is state-owned, is draftir ■ 
its first bankruptcy law, tb - 
Vice-Premier, Mr Yao Yilit 
said. ;■ 

Snap reward i 

San Francisco (Reuter) - 
The mayor of San Francisa 
Mrs Dianne Feinstein. oflere ; 
$500 rewards to citizen • 
photographing graffii 

Cairo trial 

Nevada N-test step 
attacked by Moscow 

Geneva — By rejecting 
Moscow's call for a joint 
moratorium on nuclear weap- 
ons tests, the United States 
was taking a dangerous step 
that could lead to catastrophe, 
Mr Andronik Petrosyams. a 
senior Soviet official, told the 
40-nation disarmament con- 
ference here yesterday (A Cor- 
respondent writes). 

Mr Peirosvants, chairman 
of the Soviet Staie.Committee 
for Atomic Energy, repeated 

an admonition by Mr 
Gorbachov that Moscow 
would be forced to resume 
testing if America went ahead 
with a test in Nevada later this 

Soviet scientists could not 
accept an American invitation 
to observe the Nevada blast 
because this would amount to 
approval of continued testing. 

Mr Donald Lowitz, the 
American delegate, did not 

Schmidt wins 
peace award 

Athens ’ — Herr Helmut 
Schmidt, ttie former West 
German Chancellor, has won 
an Onassis Foundation award 
for biscontribntkm to peace 
(Mario Modiano writes). 

' The winners of the Onassis 
prizes; which each carry , a 
$I«MW0 (£07,000) gram; 
wen announced yesterday by 
Professor Yiannfe Georgalos, 
the foundation's permanent 

. The award dedicated to man 
in his environment s shared: 

between the Sabburg Festival, 
directed by Herbert vot Kara- 
jan, end the European Com- 
munity Yooth Orchestra. 

The prize dedicated to nuin 
in society was won jointly by 
die International Rehabilita- 
tion Centre for Torture Vic- 
tims - in Copenhagen . and 
tee France-Presse, the. 
French news., agency,' fer-ito 
continuous, fahrVand prompt 

service- - ' ' 

Argentina honours Falklands dead 

From A Correspondent 
Buenos Aires 

The fourth anniversary of 
the invasion that started the 
1982 Falklands war was com- 
memorated in Argentina by 
numerous small but emotion- 
ally laden ceremonies. 

Throughout Wednesday the 
three armed services held 
ceremonies honouring the ap- 
proximately 1,000 dead while 
official homage was offered in 
a Mass attended by President 
Alfonso, the Foreign Minis- 
ter. Senor Dante Capulo, the 
Interior Minister, Sefior Anto- 
nio Troccoli, the Labour Min- 
ister, Senor Hugo 
Barrionuevo, the Defence Sec- 
retary, Sefior ' Horacion 
Jaunarena and the heads of 
the armed forces. 

The Mass was held m the 
military chapel of Stella 
Maris.- The homily by a chap- 
lain .emphasized the intensifi-. 
cation of diplomatic efforts to 
recover the islands. 

A demonstration by sup- 
porters of ex-servicemen, esti- 
mated at up to 5,000 strong, 
marched in the evening from 
the Plaza de la Republics, 
where the former combatants 
have been holding a “camp- 
out" for four days, to the 
municipal government build- 

In a document read at the 
rally it wasdaimed that 65 per 
cent of the veterans are unem- 
ployed, 70 per cent lack 
housing and 28 per cent are 
without medical services. 

The marchers, mainly from 
human rights organizations 
and left-wing political and 
student groups, responded fer- 
vently to chants o£ “Atten- 
tion, attention. Malvinas are 
the road to liberation,” and 
denunciations of General 
Galtieri. head of the military 
junta during the conflict. 

-.The former soldiers de- 
manded the formation of a 
commission, in which they 
would participate, to investi- 

gate the conduct of the war 
and lead to “the trial and 
punishment of the political 
and economic as well as 
military guilt for the defeat". 

Two other commemorative 
events were held on Tuesday 
night in Buenos Aires. The 
South Atlantic Tribute Com- 
mittee organized a rally tn a 
sports arena, at which several 
thousand people listened as 
right-wing Peronist leaders 
from the Iron Guard faction 
denounced “imperialism and 
the powerful". 

One veteran soldier, Senor 
Victor Villagra. was cheered as 
be claimed that the islands 
were for Argentina an “histor- 
ic right" 

In a smaller demonstration 

held in from of the Congress, 
ex-servicemen spoke before a 
crowd that included national 

On the diplomatic from, the 

Sefior Javjer Perez de Cuellar, 
was expected to offer the 
Argentine Government an op- 
portunity to further press its 
case on the islands. 

The Senate foreign relations 
committee chairman. Senator 
Adolfo Gass, said Senor Perez 
de Cuellar would be asked to 
exert pressure for negotiations 
in accordance with the UN 
resolution approved last year. 
Senator Gass gave a warning 
that "if Great Britain contin- 
ues in its intransigent posi- 
tion, we will insist before the 
Assembly (of the UN) on a 
repetition of that resolution." 

The UN Secretary-General 

is spending two days in Argen- 
tina, dunng which he will 
meet President Alfonsin. In an 
interview with the daily paper 
La Kacion Senor Perez de 
Cuellar stated: “I will not 
withdraw from my efforts to 
help both parties begin negoti- 

arrival, oh the .day after ihe..mionsu Thi&_puipose will be, 
war's anniversary- of the Unit- certainly , centra) in my visit 
ed “Nations Secretary -General, io Argentina" 

The Egyptian prosecutor 
Mr Mohaxned Abdel Aziz el 
GiiindL, announcing ths 
1,236 people are to b' 
charged in connection wit 
the February riots in Cair 
which killed 107 people. 

Long sail 

Miami Beach (AP) — Aftc 
weathering 24 days crossin 
the Atlantic alone on thei 
specially equipped sail boa re 
two Frenchmen arrived fror 
the Bahamas, completing th 
first pan of their journey fror 
North Africa to New York. 

Space tribute 

, , , Washington (UPI) - Nas 

but later released for lack of and the Astronauts Memoria 

Heat still 
on Palme 
case man 

Mr Victor Gunnarsson, the 
man originally charged with 
the murder of the Swedish 
Prime Minister, Olof Palme, 

evidence, said yesterday he 
was still under "deep 
suspicion' 1 by the police. 

In a letter to TT, the 
Swedish domestic news agen- 
cy, Mr Gunnarsson, who is ■ , ,, 

being kept in protective custo- 1 Jy&Dlll QGfltllS 
dy ai a secret address, said 
many members of the public 
also suspected that he had 
killed Mr Palme. 

He attacked the Swedish 
mass media for their handling 
of the case. 

: Eleven killed 

Foundation have announce* 
plans to build a memorial u 
the Challenger seven and olh 
er astronauts who have los 
their lives in the line of duly. 

M oscow ( A FP) — Two So vi 

et diplomats in Kabul hav* 
been sentenced to death am 
executed for gold smuggling 
according to an undergrount 
news bulletin circulating here 

on a jacket worn by Mr 
Gunnarsson located minute 
particles of gunpowder on a 
sleeve. However police said 
yesterday they had bora un- 
able to link the particles with 
the bullets fired at Mr Palme 
and his wife, lisbet who 
escaped unhurt 

A Swedish Air Force jet has 
taken more aerial pictures of j 
the area of central Stockholm 
where Mr Palme was shot on 
February 28, as the hunt for 
the murder weapon, a 357 
Smith & Wesson revolver, 

Police now seem to believe 
the gun may have been thrown 
on to a roof All 3,000 such 
Smith &. Wesson revolvers 
licensed in Sweden were yesr 
Yenday benigT checked by 

Magdalena, New Mexico 
{AFP) - A US Air Fdtci 
HCI 30 plane crashed in .• 
desolate area of New Mexico 
killing all 1 1 crew members. 

Hudson sale 

New York (AP) — ^ 
Steinway baby grand piant 
that furnished Rock Hudson : 
Manhattan flat and a needle 
point rug created by the lati 
actor were big sellers at ai 
auction of items from hi: 
estate which brought a total o 
almost $90,000. 

Dud bomb 

Washington (AP) — Lav 
enforcement officials anc 
postal workers have found * 
dud-letter bomb sent tothe LL 
Senate majority leader. Mi 
Robert Dole of Kansas. 

























on uncertain 
road to black 

From Michael Hornsby, Dorian 

A conference which could Anv V . 

lead to the acceptance of black mwiSLPlJS? 0 ? “,**** 
majority rule by South African assemby 011 

whites, albeit only at provin- pn ^ 0 ? 

dal level. opened votenfav in majority. In m id-1983 
the city haSlcTthfeSS *** P 1 **"* Jnd 6,620,323 
port on the coast ofNataL ^ "? on ? 

The Chief Minister of the X?d? ad ? jP"" 1 * 
KwaZulu tribal “ 11011161311^ Indians, 386,01 8 

Chief GatshaBuSeS^i ^ t “J n Si y 0 W sh ' s P e ^ c '' 
the gathering oTTSOHilmi- “Mi and 95,479 Coloureds, 
taries. guests and delraaies There i s also the question of 


tryst which we in this region “ IIt ? U1 . 

and in ail of South Africa have {“public opening 

with destiny*' - session, the 34 organizations 

■ It .offered an opportunity repnsemed, either as full par- 
“to cut toe GoidSntaiot of pr observers.^ began 

racism and injustice which has H ,eir j deliberations behind 
cost our country so drariy* closed of the 
and could be a turning-point, conference will be in camera, 
determining whether South 11 c° uld last for three to six 
Africa's problems would be months, meeting once or twice 
“solved peacefully or through a week. Its final proposal is to 
bloodshed”. be the product of “consensus” 

The KwaZuhi tribal govern- and could possibly be submit- 
ment, which administers more *«* to all the people ofNatal m 
than 40 fragments of territory ® referendum. 

and the 

hroughout Natal, 
Natal Provincial 

Nine organizations turned 
down or ignored invitations to 

Council, which runs those the Indaba. They include the 
parts reserved for whiles, are radical African National Con- 
the co-convenors of the con- gress and the United 
ference, or Indaba, to use its Democractic Front, and the 

Zuhrtitter two main independent Mack 

The two bodies have al- trade ; union ' groupings; the 
ready submitted a proposal to -Council of South African 

the government for a joint Unions and the Congress of 
executive authority in Natal, South African Trade Unions, 
on which they would be These groups maintain that 
gually represented. The brief a special constitutional struc- 
of the Indaba is to draft a ture for Natal would be divi- 
proposal for a joint legislative sive and hamper the cause of 
assembly. blade liberation nationally. 

Briton’s marriage falls 
foul of apartheid laws 

»- ■ ■ c .1 

Kirkwood, South Africa 
(Prater) — A Briton has given 
up his bottle to five in Stath 

The Salters, however, like 
other “mixed” couples who. 
had thought this meant their 

Rebuke to 
Tutu after 
speech on 

From Bay Kennedy 

- Black and white political 
organizations in South Africa 
were polarized yesterday after 
the call by .the An glican Bish- 
op of Johannesburg, the Right 
Rev Desmond Tutu, for puni- 
tive sanctions against the Pre- 
toria Government by the 
international community. 

In a scathing comment, Mr 
Louis NeL Deputy Informa- 
tion Minister, said such mea- 
sures would be disastrous for 
blacks in South Africa and 
neighbouring countries, “but 
not for the Bishop of 

A police spokesman refused 
to say if they were investigat- 
ing possible charges of eco- 
nomic subversion against the 
bishop. Conviction carries a 
maximum 'sentence of 20 
jrearsin jail 

‘ Bishop Tutu gave an ulti- 
matum to Pretoria to begin 
dismantling apartheid within 
two years when he was en- 
throned rally last year. 

On Wednesday he detailed 
his efforts since 1976 to 
persuade government leaders 
“urgently to remove the 
causes of black anger” but 

k-Y. r ' • 

Y-iv - ' *- • •***.. 

• •' . Ur'- - 

• ':*/*** "• 

ws : : 

■ -r • 

■ ’ ^ 

An emotional Mr Wallace telling his supporters rfaaf he has climbed his last n» i H | in * M " 1 

persuade government leaders C^J., 

“urgently to remove the k^tUilV CII 
causes of Mack anger” but J: , * 3 , 


that die present government . • • 

”S“ ltou<dismimlli,,! training 

Africa with his Cotoured -problems we over, have run 
(mixed-ra ce), wife and- has foul of remaining apartheid 
returned home. - race laws which segregate 

A tearful Mrs Imelda Salt- . living areas and. most trading 
er« aged 23, speaking from this areas, 
small Eastern Cape town yes- 
terday, said she would soon The municipality of Kirk- 
join her 54-year-old husband, wood this year refused to 
Jade, in Britain, but “I don't renew Mir Salter's licence to 
know whether I'll go there run his supermarket in a 
permanently*'. “white” area, saying that he 

South Africa this year roust consider himself Cot- 
scrapped laws barring sexand oured-fike-bis wife and move to 
marriage between people of * Coloured area- The -couple 
different colours. . were married last year. 

that tite present government 
was serious about dismantling 

He described Mr Botha as a 
man who had tost the “convic- 
tions of his courage” after 
telling whites they could not 
alone determine the country's 
future for ever. 

Both the United Democrat- 
ic Front (UDF) and the 
Azanian People's Organiza- 
tion (Azapo). the two largest 
legal anti-apartheid groups in 
the country, yesterday exhibit- 
ed rare agreement in support- 
ing the bishop's cafi. 

Mr Murphy Morobe, UDF 
spokesman, said he hoped the 
international community 
would see it “as a desperate j 

Man of Alabama 
bows out in tears 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

The final composition of 
the political groups in the new 
French -National Assembly 
•gives . the rating right-wing 
1 RPR-UDF coalition 286 seats, 
three stent" of the absolute 
majority it originally said -it 
needed before it' would be 
willing to form a government 
* Five of tite 12 “Diverse 
Right” deputies who had been 
expected to give the new 
coalition their support have 
decided to remain unaffiliat- 
ed. That does not necessarily 
mean that they will not vote 
with tire majority, but h will ' 
make the task of tire Prime 
Minister, M Jacques Chirac, 
that much more difficult 

Official figures for the polit- 
ical groups m the new Assem- 
bly are: RPR 135 deputies; 7 ' 
■ UDF 131;- Socialists 212; Na- 
tional Front 35; Cbniinimifis 
35; nop-affilialcd 9. 

The first important test of 
support for tire Government 
wfll come after tire Cabinet 
meeting next Wednesday, 
when M Chirac intends to call 
a vote of confidence after a 
speech outlining the 
Government's policies. 

Most of the supporters of M 
Raymond Barre, former 
Prime Minister under Preri- 

From JanRnath 

Mr John Stanley, the British 
Minister of State for Defence, 
arrived here yesterday for a 
dose look at British military 
training operations. 

Early this year, officers of 

Governor George Wallace Iraki 
of Alabama, declaring that he lace. 

‘gloomy for Mr Wal- 
[e might have lost the 

has dimbed his last political governorship. As it b, he will 
momriain, has decided not to bow out officially next Jam- 

seek re-election in November, ary, endi 
la tears and slurring slight- nation of 
ly because of partial deafness, a cared 

", essJIag 25 yean of dooti- 
ion of Alabama politics and 
career which took him 

call . . .-to exert more decisive I -Zimbabwe. 

Early this year, officers of 
the 60-man British military 
advisory training team began 
instructing Mozambique offi- 
cers at the battalion battle 
school in Nyanga. 

About 170 Mozambicans i 
will be trained during the year 
afteran agreement last year 
between the governments of 
Mozambique, Britain and j 

he appeared but a shadow iff briefly rad tantitizbwly be- 
the flay old populist as Ire yead tire humid provinces of 

said farewell seated in bis 

the South. 

Everyone remembers him 

■pressure on- this racist 
^verhment”. Azapo said the 
bishop's' action was long 

At the end of the month 22 
British armoured car and 
artillery instructors will return 
home as they have completed 
courses mounted for Zimba- 
bwe armoured vehicle and 

But there was strong rqjec- “ lirses moun ‘f d frai na- 

tion of the bishop’s call from annoured vehicle and 
across the white political spec- Artillery . 
trum. Mrs Helen Suzman, the • R*dw ^rar: The US has 
opposition Progressive Feder- peep, accused by Harare of 
al Party MP, said sanctions "Sr* 1 *. a - cla ? d *^ nc 

He told a packed, hushed for his battle cry in 1963c 
chamber of the state House of “Segregation now, segregation 
Representatives hi Montgom- tomorrow, segregation for 
cry that the five bullets that ever.” 
struck and paralysed him in an In latter years he has court- 
a— urinati on attempt in 1972 ed and captured Mack support, 
“gave me a thorn in the flesh graphically dem o n stra ting the 
like it did the Apostle Paul. I .metamorphosis of Deep South 
pipyed it wqpH be removed - politics, 
bat It was not”. In 1982 ft ..third of 

He said time began running Alabama's blacks voted for 
out for his political ambitions him. Many Mack leaders were 
when those bullets hit him. among the farewell throng. * 
Although he was “doing good” “Some of yon young people 

at the moment, he felt that as might not realize that I paid a 

opposed to any “government 
of cohabitation”^ hayp now 
indicated that they wifi sup- 
port such a vote. But the 35 
National. Root deputies have 
said they wifi “reserve their 
reply”, while making it dear 
that they would vote against 
any attempt to restore major- 
ity voting m general elections. 

The Prime Minister's office 
has already announced that' 
enabling Bills to allow the 

Goveritmeqi to bypas? Parfifc 
ment and . legatee fry decree 
on a return to majority, voting 
-and .on- a tene^ of proposed 
economic measures wfll be 
. put to the next Cabinet meet- 
ing. that is tq ay jtift before 
the vote of confidence. 

M Chirac -and, his partners 
are not too womed, however. 
They note wHh satisfaction 
that .M ' -Ante s Chateo- 
Delmas. the .RPR candidate 
for the .prctidency of the 
National Assembly, *a$ efccfr 
ed on the second ballet with 
an absolute majority, thereby 
avoiding a thud and- final 
ballot. !.-■ 

Ex- President discard 

cTEstaing js. npw. lef t on the 

cal observer o^te^manB" 

ly RPR-domin&ted cqalitiom 
He is. said to. have. turned 
down M -Chirac’s rffer of the 
Foreign Ministry. < 

Also on the sidelines is 
another potentially dantetepus 
political “heavywejghf\ M 
Bane. .. ... t 

Hie may, however, notonger 
constitute quite steh a threat 
to M Chirac, as ' before la$t 
month's general; election. 
Since ■ bis appointment q 
Prime Minister, M Chirac bag 
sprung, to the top -of- the 
opinion polls, outdistancing 
even M Barre who had heM 
the pre-eminent position 
among right-wing leaders for 
the previous two years:. . .. 

President Mitterrand has 
told M Chirac that he will 
send his promised “message 
to Pxdiamesi next Tuesday, 
once the elections for ; toe 
various posts .in the. new 
National Assembly have been 
completed and just before the 
vote of confidence. - 

Five more arrested in 
Italian wine scandal 

would cause “horrendous” j 
unemployment in South Afri- 1 
ca« which has no social securi^ 1 
ty safety -net. ■ . . 

station in South Africa which 
broadcasts news reports and 
commentaries in support of 
aritlvZimbabwe 'rebels in 

he grew older the effects rtT his high price in 1972 for doing 
problems might become more what the people of this state 
noticeable. wanted,” Mr Wallace, aged 

“There are still some per- 66, said. *T have not used this 
sonal hills I.want to climb but to bring sympathy for myself 
for now ! mast pass the rope or my campaign. It is time to 

and pick to another efimber.” 
. The opmiofl polls have been 

-by. aside, what. will .never 
return and pick «p die future.” 

Taranto. Italy (Renter) - A 
southern Italian wine produc- 
er and four other men yrere 
arrested yesterday by police 
investigating the deaths of 15 
people who drank adulterated 

wine: ■■ - • 

- Hie arrests brought to seven 
toe number of people held in 
connection, with. the. wave of 
deaths caused by wine which 
was strengthened with methyl 
alcohol: An eighth' suspect is 
bemg sought^police ^d. 

;; Antonio. Fusco, aged 54, 
who' <mns twerwine firms in 

the town of Manduria, hear 
Taranto, was .held on cbmges 
. of selling wine* coutainiqg 
illegally high amountsof the 
chraticaL ; 

All five meq have been 
warned that tbey could abb 
fece manslaughter chattel 

Yesterday,: a 17-yraHdd 
woman from Albenga, norths 
era Italy, died, after diinkjng 
contaminated wine and $waK 
lowing tranquillisers. Only g 
. post-mortem era . determine 
whether she .(fieri from the 

n effjectypf 

June 29th 1983 

*« seg,.' 

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jfotnngom strong feefeis -|o 

■ saying . hc‘ warns to 
improve relations with ftance 
a^r ibe Rainbow Warrior 
afrair, but is insisting that 
•there can be no dealon the 
frfeasc. of the Ftmch agents 
jailed fortborpait in saboiag- 
>B 8 the Greenpeace ship, 

■ Mr Lange and bis advisers 
arc obviously hoping that the 
new Government of M Jao 
Chirac wiH be in a 
Position to mend fences. Bat 
sour ces in- Wellington say all- 
responses from Paris iiutiwin ' 
that the release of the agents. 
Captain Dommicjne Mseur 
ano- Major Alam Mafert; is a 
-prerequisite to improved 

A resumption of POTmal ties 
16 of vital importance to New 
Zealand because some of its 
exports to France and the- 
French Pacific territory of 
New Caledonia are being af- 
fected. Later this -year New ■ 
Zealand will negotiate with 
the European Community to 
continue its butter deal with 

■ the EEC. 

- To some extent- both prime 
ministers are captives or their 

on agents 

R»m Richard Long, Wdfingtat 

clectoraies aDd thejr.dwn po- 
ufical rhetoric. M Chirac said 
v wsi year purtfreeing theagents 
• wasa ppority fin - France, and 
ne-'would be prepared ip use 
- . trade sanrfidns to secure their 
release. ■.-.■• 

• But Mr La my , for fus parti 
would find it tfifficuU to agree 
to-fi teir eariy release after his 
strong expressions .of outrage * 
over the -Rainbow- Warrior 
bombing and French attempts 
at a oover-iijk 

' He recognized this temsrff 
when ife toldjottnudists that. 
piKrtograpjjs of the agents sim- 
■ bathing on a beach in the 
south of France would put * 
«ew government in- office at 
U* next. New. Zealand eJeq- 
- PoOs have Eradicated 

Since the cbange of govem- 
meht in France, both . Mr 
Lange'and Mr Geoffiey l^lm- 
er, bis deputy, have used every 
opportunity to express their 
wish for better relations. Mr 
Lange sent congratulations to 
M Chirac from Jakarta, while 
on a tour of Asia. 

Heemphasized the point in 
an : interview with the French 
newspaper Liberation in Hong 

Kong and tire International 
Herald Tribune correspon- 

dent in Singapore. In radio 
interviews at home he said he 
would be ready to visit Paris 
in an effort to improve 
strained relations. 

Sources dose to Mr Lange 
said that visit, if agreed, could 
fit in with bis planned trip to 
Britain, Ireland, Spain, Swe- 
den and West Germany in 
May or June. 

Mr Lange, however, has not 
said precisely what be has in 
mind for the agents serving 
10-year sentences. He told 
Liberation all such sentences 
came op for review afier three 
years, but this week he admit- 
ted he had been mistaken: the 
law had changed and such 
.reviews were field after five 

- • Since the French agents 
were jailed last year, this 
would tend to rule out a 
review until 1990 — a New 
Zealand election year. 

New Zealanders still recall 
that Mr Lange initially said 
the agents would not be 
released in the lean of bis 
Government. The next elec- 
tions are expected by 



Bolivian teachers 
take to streets 

• r*. 

- \* -a-' 

‘ - i 

■ ‘-rep,: 

: i zt. 

. - -i ; k*!?! 

.... ... .. .. •. 


. - -r- •; r. zz 

r- - • 

_ (Renter)- — The 
leader of a pro-government 
political party was killed by 
gunmen as trouble flared in the 
Chilean capital, foe northern, 
mining city of Calmna and two 
-other provincial cities. 

The killing on -Wednesday 

night came at the end of a day 
of fistuttences in which at lost 
50 people were arrested-across 
the- country.. Seven, others, in- 
.eluding three pohcemen» were 
. . injured in the unrest,. .. 

SefloraJoanaFloressijd her 
husband. Sen or Simon 
Yevtnes.aged 42, wasfootbya 
man in umfonn from the door 
.'of his shop in a poor district of 
southern Santiago whfle two 
uniformed accomplices waited 
outside in a pick-up truck. 

Senor Yevenes was a comr 
munity. leader riTfoe Indepen^ 
dent Democratic Union, hi 
right-wing politick movement 
Which strongly supports Fres-t 
debt BnoiAe tVjpna^:; - f : ? r 


eduotinal crisis in BoBria 
took a tom for foe worse fids 
week.' President Victor Paz 
Esteassoro’s Government de- 
clared vacant the positions of. 
the 75,000 striking pubBc 
sector teachers, and they and 

From John Enders, La Paz 
teachers’ strike and university students took to fire 
streets here amid tear gas 
barrages from foe se c uri t y 

The sitnation threatened to 
deteriorate Into outright street 
violence and Is the main social 
and. poOrica] problem con- 
fronting foe hard-pressed d- 
riluui government. 

Public sector, teachers are 
three to fourfold 
.their salaries bat 
the Government has refused, 
saying foe bankrupt national 
treasury has no money 
Classes should hafe begun 
the first week of February, the 
traditional start of foe school 
-year, N there are no signs of 
an early settlement. 

By dedaring the jobs va- 
cant foe Government has 
opened foe door to new appfi- 
cants wining , to work, bat 
.whether they can fill the 

75,00ft vacasarszeuisins to be 


Pakistan still against deal with Kabul 

From Mkhad Hamlyn 

The Pakistan Government 
firmly refused yesterday to talk 
directly to foe Kabul regime 
about peace in Afghanistan 
despite progress reported m the 
indirect negotiations led by foe 
UN Secretary-Gen eraj’s special 
representative, Senor Diego 

The Pakistan Foreign Minis- 
ter, Sahabzada Yaqub Khan, 
told Sir Geoffrey Howe that 
Pakistan's position on direct 
dealing * was fundamentally un- 
changed, according to British 

The talks between foe two 
foreign ministers were the first 
of a series during Sir Geoffrey's 
three-day visit. The bulk of foe 
time was taken up with a 
discussion of progress towards 
an Afghan settlement. 

Sahabzada Yaqub told Sr 
Geoffrey* that foe sixth round of 
indirect talks in Geneva in 
December reached an impasse 
because foe Afghans were hold- 
ing up discussion on foe fourth 
and final instrument of agree- 
ment between foe two until 
Pakistan agreed to negotiate 

This would be tantamount to 
legal recognition of foe regime 
of President KarmaL and Paki- 
stan reiterated yesterday that 
there can be no question of 
direct talks until the fourth 
instrument has been finalized 

In his last round of shuttle 
diplomacy, however, between 
Islamabad and Kabul last 
month Senor Cordovez said 
that he had a document from 
Kabul which outlined a timeta- 
ble for withdrawal of Soviet 
troops from Afghanistan. 

Agreement on this would be a 
significant part of the fourth 

Such information as has 
filtered out about foe proposed 
timetable indicates that the 
Russians want the withdrawal 
of their troops to be spread over 
a reasonably long period — 
certainly more than a year — 
and some observers beueve it 
may be more than two years. 

A report in one of itsleading 
English-language newspapers 
yesterday suggested that there 
had been something ofa shift in 
foe country's position on direct 
talks, but foe Sahabzada firmly 
squashed any such notion in his 
talks with foe British. 

He said that the staunch 
support of the British Govern- 
ment bad been of assistance in 
helping Pakistan maintain its 
position, despite the pressure 


Sir Geoffrey said that Britain 
admired Pakistan's firmness 
and assured foe Sahabzadar of 
continued support 

He spoke of British concern 
about human rights in Paki- 
stan, indicating particular wor- 
ries over political prisoners and 
members of the Abmedia sect 
who have been forbidden to 
describe form-selves as Mus- 

Sahabzada Yaqub declared 
unequivocally that there were 
no political prisoners in Paki- 
stan and foal a0 those impris- 
oned were entitled to due 
process of law. He assured Sir 
Geoffrey that all ftkisianis 
were entitled to freedom of 

Spectrins, page 10 

India revives 
attempt to 
mollify Sikhs 

Deflri — The Indian Gov- 
ernment, trying to mollify 
Sikh resentment has {ticked a 
new commission to identify 
Hindi-speaking areas in Pun- 
jab to give to neighbouring 
Haryana state in exchange for 
the town of Chandigarh 
(Kuldip Nayar writes). 

The commission, beaded by 
Indian Supreme Court Justice 
E$. Yenkataramiah, has been 
given a month for the task. 

Manila to bring Marcos charges 

The Philippines Govern- 
ment will file criminal and 
civil charges within two 
months against deposed Presi- 
dent Marcos to recover an 
estimated S5 billion (£3.4 
billion) he is believed to have 
hidden in Swiss bank 

The Swiss, who last month 
froze withdrawals from his six 
accounts, have ureed the 
quick prosecution of the for- 
mer president, warning that 
foe unprecedented freeze or- 

From Keith Dalton, Manila . 

der is only temporary. 

Mr Jovito Salonga, chair- 
man of Manila's Commission 
on Good Government, said 
the mere' filing of charges 
under the country's Corropt 
Practices Act could set aside 
Swiss laws and lead to the 
eventual return of foe assets to 
President Aquino’s 
govemment-He said a civil 
suit could be tried in absentia. 

Mr Pedro Yap, a commis- 
sion member who conferred 
with Swiss authorities in Bern 

last month, said he took 
advice on how foe commis- 
sion could challenge 
Switzerland’s very stria bank 
secrecy laws. 

• Barricade lifted: Several 
thousand militant strikers ear- 
ly yesterday lifted their 
barricade at America's Subic 
Bay Naval Base, 50 miles 
north-west of Manila. 24 
hours after they had refused to 
accept their union's order to 
return to work. 

women fell 

Mnscalar women from fire 
Japanese Security Police (left) 
effortlessly felling burly male 
“attadeers" to demonstrate 
die protection in store for 
seven world leaders at next 
mooch’s economic summit. 

The mock attackers, them- 
selves members of the security 
police, losged forward at a 

rfgnal with parade-ground 

precision flourishing knives 
and pistols (Renter reports 
from Tokyo). 

In perfect unison tbe women 
deflected the weapons, seized 
their opponents by arm and 
throat and hided them to the 
ground in front of tbe Akasaka 

state guest boose, site of the 
summit from May 4 to May 6. 

On parade were the lJlOO 
police officers who have been 
assigned to protect the leaders 
of Britain, Canada, France, 
Italy, Japan, tbe United States 
and West Germany. 

The 200 security police 
showed how they would fling a 
human shield round any leader 
the instant an attacker darted 
from the crowd. 

A Japanese detective acted 
as stand-in for President Rea- 
gan to show the speed with 
which he could be transferred 
from limousine to helicopter. 
A policewoman briefly played 
the part of Mrs Thatcher 
treading the red carpet to the 
conference halL 

China may 
Soviet link 

Peking (Reuter) — China 
signalled fresh economic links 
with foe Soviet Union yester- 
day. saying both sides were 
discussing working together 
on nuclear power technology. 

The Vice-Premier, Mr Li 
Peng, giving a rare press 
conference, said nuclear pow- 
er co-operation was suggested 
last month at a Si no-Soviet 
meeting in Peking. 

Western diplomats said the 
disclosure indicated closer 
economic relations between 
the two communist powers 
despite a long-standing ideo- 
logical rift 

Mr Li said: “Co-operation 
with the Soviet Union (on 
nuclear power technology) is 
not on foe agotda yet. It will 
be decided after study by the 

—t.- •*;. ■ Tt 

21 - 


ril ->nd. International Business Machines Corporation announced a new computer using dual 720k 3 ] f2” disks and 3 ] fT 
ncvvJfTurS AT personal computers. / 

disk drive attachable to the 
























x i\JuLsr\ L / fcji XKjULj t l .700 


A cutting 


edge to a 

hard sell 

Blades are being sharpened once again in 
the annual war of the mowing machines 

but, as Torin Douglas reports, both sides 
seem to have changed their angles of attack 

I f Jonathan Swift were writ- 
ing today, the chances are 
that LiUiput would have 
gone to war not over the 
proper end to break an egg 
but the right way to mow a 


Over the past six years, the real 
life controversy over which way a 
lawn mower's blades should rotate 
(cylinder or rotary) has been every 
bit as heated as the fictional 
dispute between the Big-endians 
and the Small-endians. 

The two protagonists - Qual- 
cast, in the green livery, and 
Flymo. in the orange — have 
conducted one of the most public 
and acrimonious battles ever seen 
between two businesses in Britain, 
matched only by the recent take- 
over hostilities in the City. 

They have criticized each 
other's products in television 
commercials and press advertise- 
ments. then reported each other to 
the advertising standards authori- 
ties. They have challenged each 
other to duels on the lawn, then 
run ads featuring the press cuttings 
that favoured them. 

One firm has questioned the 
safety of its rival's products, the 
other has levelled accusations of 
"bad taste" and "desperation 

Vet both companies have also 
responded to each other's attacks 
in a more positive way — by 
adapting their product range to 
meet the criticisms. To the outside 
world it looks very much as 
though both sides, having ex- 
changed heated words, are now 
having to eat them. 

Qua! cast, champion of the tradi- 
tional cylinder mower, which 
started the lawnraower war in 
1980 with its aggressive slogan 
“It's a lot less bower than a 
hover", now sells rotaries along- 
side its cylinders. Flymo, the 
inventor of the hover, which once 
claimed that leaving clippings on 
the lawn was good for the grass, is 
selling hovers that collect the 

Now the blade has come full 
circle. With Easter week marking 
the start of the new mowing 
season for Britain's IS million 
lawns, Flymo has announced it is 
to attack Qualcast in its most 
sacred area - the traditional 
striped finish. Having once dis- 
missed stripes as unimportant, 
claiming that most people wanted 
ease rather than an immaculate 
finish, Rymo is this season 

launching a rotary mower that 
produces stripes. 

Flymo's marketing director 
Geoff Harrop recognizes the ap- 
parent contradiction. “We con- 
duct market research each year to 
find out what the customer re- 
gards as the most important 
features when choosing a 
Jawnmower. and year after year 
the key features are ease, lightness 
and speed'', he says. 

“A good finish comes well down 
the list. Nevertheless, we recog- 
nize that there is a section of the 
market that wants stripes and 
what they stand for — a good cut — 
so we have developed a rotary 
mower that provides that." 

The new model is called the 
Chevron and the stripes are 
produced by a roller at the back. 
“Even with the cylinder mowers, 
it's only the roller that gives you 
the stripe, pushing the grass one 
way and then the other," says 


Laws without 

The European Court of 

Justice is proving 

to be a powerful force 
in changing the way 
Britain's legal life is run 

As the Council of Mmisters m 
Brussels issues an era: increasing 
stream of laws and directives 
regulating our daBy lives, the 

T he Chevron is a 
wheeled rotary mow- 
er. In effect it is first 
cousin to the hover 
with its single blade 
that spins round paral- 
lel to the ground, like a helicopter 
rotor. But unlike the hover it is 
supported by wheels rather than a 
cushion of air. The cylinder 
mower, of which Qual cast's Con- 
corde and Suffolk Punch models 
are the best known, is the tradi- 
tional lawn mower its blades ro- 
tate in the direction the mower is 
being pushed, cutting the grass 

Harrop says. “We don't believe 
we’ve promoted our grass-collect- 
ing hovers strongly enough yet, 
and we mean to put that right this 

Not surprisingly, Qualcast is 
quick to pour scorn on Flymo's 
change of tack. “You can draw 
your own conclusions as to who 
has been proved right". John 
Copper, their marketing director, 

af a 

of scissors. 

Last year, the hovers — or air 
cushion rotaries — accounted for 
43.5 per cent of the 1.3 million 
powered mowers sold in Britain, 
according to figures from Flymo. 
Cylinders took 29.9 per cent and 
wheeled rotaries 26.6. 

This year Flymo is not merely 
collecting the cuttings (with the 
Sprintmaster, which really does 
"Hoover" up the grass) but also 
offers stripes. Flymo is promoting 
both benefits this month in a 
campaign drawn up by its new 
advertising agency, Saatchi & 
Saatchi.The new commercial uses 
speeded up film and the Dick 
Barton music with Frank Muir 
uttering the new copyline “Why 
slowmow when you can Flymo T 

Jt is not a knocking campaign, 
however. “We think we’ve got 
enough to say about our products, 
without any need for knocking". 

“Five years ago, they said you 
didn't need to collect the grass 
because it formed a mulch that 
was good for the lawn. Now 
they're offering stripes — the 
emotional tide is running in our 

Nevertheless, the feet that 
Flymo has set out to meet its 
criticisms makes life considerably 
harder for Qualcast It has had to 
move away from its “lot less 

bovver" approach and turned its 
attention to safety, introducing a 
range of rotary mowers with 
plastic blades (it calls them 
“orbitals”), which will not cut 
through a shoe or a power cable. 

Flymo has responded by offer- 
ing a choice of metal or . plastic 
blades with its hover mowers, 
maintaining it is the only compa- 
ny offering grass collection and a 
plastic Made in the same mower. 
Qualcast replies that safety should 
not be a bolt-on extra, and this 
year its advertising is once again 
focusing on safety. 

argue that it is the customer who 
has been the major beneficiary of 
die lawnmower war. 

D espite the confusion 
caused by the battle 
and its apparently 
trivial nature, which 
has tended to ob- 
scure the feet that 
miiliods of pounds and thousands 
of jobs are involved, many would 

“The competitive nature of the 
market has benefited the consum- 
er because we have had to look ai 
making our products better and 
more cheaply", Hamm says. 

“We have had to find out what 
people really want from a 
lawnmower and then develop a 
product that meets those 

Having said that, both Flymo 
and Quakast admit that for all the 
millions they have invested in new 
products and advertising over the 
past six years, one outside factor 
has bad fer more of an influence 
on lawnmower sales than all their 
efforts put together— the weather. 

Last -year's warm, wet summer: 
boosted safes by more tiuuiTS per 
cent. • 


What is described as the world's first “three in me 
lawncare machine" is to be bunched this month by 
Britain's biggest lawn mower firm, Birnrid Quakast, 
which claims to have sold ora half of the country's do- 
mes tic mowers last year. 

Qualcast has developed a lawn trimming attach- 
ment for its Concorde HEX cylinder mower which, in 
conjunction with its existing kit for converting the 
Concorde into a powered lawn rake, makes it the first 
mower to offer three separate functions. 

The gardening equivalent of a food processor, it is 

the latest development in the mower mamdactnrers* 
bid to market the garden as an outdoor extension of. 
dm house — a bid that goes bock 20 years to the days 
when Flymo, a subsidiary of the Swedish Electrolux 
group, came up with the concept of “Hoovering" the 
lawn with a horamower. 

: is this year promoting the garden as “The 
lounge". Flymo prefers to describe it as “An 
extension of the tiring room". Either way we are 
expected to spend seme £750 milliou on furnishing 
and fittings this year, of which £100 million wiD be 
spent on bwnmowers. ' 

European Cent of Justice in 
Luxembourg is stepping out of the 
supporting cast of EEC institn- 
tionsand into the li mefigft t— most 
recently with die successful case 
brought by Helen Marshall on fee 
raising of the retirement, age fer 
women in Britain. ' 

It does so perhaps a little 
reluctantly, given its workload, but 
with the confidence that comes 
from taking awkward decisions 
about power in the EEC and the 
rights of both individual -citizens 
and nation states. 

The 13 judges who have the task 
of forcing European governments 

dauntefHby their *role. They rit 
inside a modernistic concrete 
building in a bleak park of 
futuristic Euro-complexes high on 
a hfll above the cobbles ami gables 
of the ' tiny • Grand 
Duchy's capital. The modern set- 
ting is appropriate: the European 
Court is shap ing the Europe of the 

The Luxembourg court is not to 
be confused with, the Emopean 
Human Rights court in Stras- 
bourg. The job of the Court of 
Justice is to protect and interpret 
die Treaty of Rome, the EEC's 
founding document, and subse- 
quent amendments. 

The process is slow: , written 
proceedings are followed by oral 
hearings, after which one of the six 
| -advocate generals gives an opin- 
ion. Months later comes the 
verdict, which usually foDews the 
view of the advocate general, a 
figure drawn . from French legal 

A. number of key figures. at the 
court are British, and several 
recent dramatic cases hove in- 
volved Britain. Most cases 
brought to Luxembourg are either 
referrals from national coarts, 
where a point of EEC law is at 
issue (as m the case of Mbs 
Marshall), or direct actions 

brought by the commissian, some- 
times on behalf of individuals. 

The court cannot fine or impris- 
on entire governments, but in 
practice, all EEC governments 
accept the Luxembourg verdict 
and alter their own laws. EEC law 
has primacy over .national law. 
Retirement age apart, recent 

prominent cases have incinded 

Britain’s case against the Enrope- 
an parliament ora* the budget; 
barriers on the Continent against 
British insurance companies, and 
Stanley Adams's successful fight 
against the phannacetUiaUs giant 
Hoffman La Roche. 

Most issues have to do with tiw 
creation of a Europe without 

frontiers or internal trade barrios, 
a process boosted by recent EEC 
reforms. Britain inherits the re- 

form process mJaly when it takes 
over the EEC presidency for sot 
month*, Britain's high profile at* 
the. court be semi as 

p o te nti al problem for Lord Mac* 
fr rerie Stuart, the president of the. 
court jbuI a. Scottish high court 
judge, and for Sir Gordon Symt, 
the senior advocate jgeaaaL a high 
court judge (Queen’s Bench) and 
former president of the Employ- 
ment Appeal TribwiaL 

Lord Mackenzie Stuart ruled hr 
Britain's fevoor East month ora 
the EEC budget dispute, and Sir. 
Gerdau gave an opunon beneficial 
to Britain in the fasutance ease. 
But both men — and the registrar, 
Paid Heim, who is also British — ' 
stress that Rational interests take 
second place to European 
interests. i 

“If a British interest is at stake W 
always double check to make sure ; 

I am being dispassionate", Sir 
Gordon says. 

The court needs aU its wisdom - 
and a uthori ty to meet the demands ~ 
marie on it as EEC law grows more 
complex. Last year 433 new cases 
arrived at Luxembourg. compared 
with an average of 300 in previous 
years. The last EEC summit 
proposed a new court of (fast 
instance to sift cases, bat this . 
would add to the costs as well as - 
slowing things down even further. 

Helen Marshall: Breaking the 
retirement harrier . 

As Sk Gordon Slymi observes* the 
EEC has to accept that Lord 
Denning was right to speak some 
years ago of the “incoming tide of 
EEC legislation". “Denning also 
said rightly feat we most learn to 
be anxphibioas. EEC law, after afi, 
is what gorans the lives of aU of us 
hi Europe." 

When the court resumes later 
this month after the Easter recess, 
it wffl have to rale whether Air 
France audo thtr airimea have the 
-right to fix fares add routes, or 
whether this contravenes Treaty 
rulings ou free competition. The 
case, which could open the way to 
American-style de-regulation, will 
reveal to what extent British 
companies are aware of the impor- 
tance of EEC law and its growing 
impact on Britain. In die recent 
insurance case at least half a dozen 
German companies sat in on the 
h ea rings , but not one British 
insurance company came to hear 
Sir Gordon SJyun's judgement. 


Richard Owen 



The weekend starts here 

A winning tale 

“In the hour before the race I had a cup of tea 
and tried to compose myself. I was sweating 
freely from the nerves and the tension, soaking 
wet. The chances of getting round are slim 
enough, so winning it is unreal. I'm just think- 

ing about negotiating all those fences, going 
into the land of the unknown^-’’ Jockey 

HywelJ Davies tells the gripping story of how 
he won last year's Grand National on Last 
Suspect, a horse the racing tipsters said stood 
no chance and the bookies rated at 66 to 1 



Hideaway in 
the Azores 

For your 
eyes only 
on specs 

£20,000 to be won 

An Aquino for Pakistan? 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please dehver/save me a copy ofThe Times 


Is Benazir Bhutto about to 
become the Corazon Aquino 
of Pakistan? Like Aquino she 
aims to use “people power” to 
restore full democracy to a 
country just beginning to 
emerge from eight and a half 
years of martial law. Many 
believe she will succeed. 

Early on Thursday morning 
Miss Bhutto, 32-year-old 
daughter of the executed for- 
mer prime minister, Zulfikar 
Ali Bhutto, will make a trium- 
phal return to Pakistan from 
exile in Britain. Shortly after 
her arrival in Lahore she plans 
to address a mass rally which 
is expected to attract hundreds 
of thousands of her support- 
ers. This will be the first step 
in a campaign to force Presi- 
dent Zia al-Huq to hold an 
early general election (well 
before the one planned to take 
place in 1990) which Miss 
Bhutto is confident her Paki- 
stan People's Party would win 
by a landslide. 

Miss Bhutto, looking cool 
and relaxed in her aunt's 
London flat depite hectic last- 
minute preparations for her 
return, is full of admiration for 
Mrs Aquino. “She showed 
tremendous tenacity, sagacity, 
courage and intelligence. She 
handled the situation very 
well. ! hope I will also be able 
to do the same in Pakistan." 

Unlike Mrs Aquino, who 
became politically involved 
■only after the murder of her 
husband three years ago. Miss 
Bhutto learnt her politics at 
her fathers knee and went on 
to read politics at Oxford and 
Harvard. Her father's execu- 
tion in 1979 forced her to lake 
on his political mantle, and 
although she has spent most of 
the time since then in deten- 
tion, under house arrest or in 
exile, she is recognized as the 
only opposition leader in Pa- 
kistan capable of defeating the 
present government in a free 

Her father's execution, on 
questionable evidence of con- 
spiracy (o murder, remains a 
motivating force behind Miss 
Bhutto's determination to 
lead ihe PPP to an electoral 

Benazir Bhutto's return to Pakistan next 

week will test General Zia’s vaunted 

commitment to democracy to the limit 

victory. “It's not so much that 
it was my father who was 
executed but the man who the 
people had chosen to be their 
prime minister", she explains. 

Paradoxically, the opportu- 
nity Miss Bhutto now has to 
restore full democracy to Paki- 
stan has been created by 
President Zia, the man who 
sent her father to the gallows. 
He has held the country in the 
grip of a military dictatorship 
since seizing power in 1977. 
At the beginning of this year 
he lifted martial law and 
introduced a system of semi- 
free, semi-democratic civilian 
rule. However, ultimate pow- 
er will reside with him until 
elections are held in 1990. 

“Zia says there is now 
democracy in Pakistan. I say, 
let's prove it". Miss Bhutto 
says. “1 believe we could 
restore full democracy so long 
as the present government 
allows full political activity 
and free elections." 

She denies she is seeking a 
confrontation with the gov- 
ernment. “We don’t want 
agitation or a breakdown of 
law and order - Above all we 
want to avoid a situation that 
would prompt the army to 

seize power again. All we want 
is to be able to hold public 
meetings peacefully." 

When President Zia decreed 
“non-party" elections last year 
as part of a gradual phase-out 
of martial law, Miss Bhutto 
called for a boycott because 
she suspected — rightly, as it 
turned out — that the new 
government would have se- 
verely limited powers. She 
remains deeply sceptical of 
President Zia's motives, par- 
ticularly as there are still 
restrictions on political 

The ban on the PPP has 
been lifted since the party 
agreed in February to submit 
its accounts for inspection. 
However the party has refused 
to register, as it is supposed to 
do if it wants to contest an 
election, because the small 
print of the electoral allows 
the electoral commissioner (a 
Zia appointee) to ban a politi- 
cal party at any time and 
arrest its leaders without right 
of appeal 

“This means that on the eve 
of an election he could just 
apply the axe to us”, she says. 
The PPP is challenging the 
registration restrictions in the 

Miss Bhutto is dearly talcing 
a risk in returning to P akistan. 
When she went back last year 
to attend her brother's funeral 
she was put under house arrest 
for three months- on grounds 
of “national security". Presi- 
dent Zia has said that no 
restrictions will be placed on 
her this time — although there 
is little reason to believe he 
will keep his word if he feels 
she is becoming a serious 
challenge to his authority. 

Despite years of repression, 
ihe PPP still has widespread 
support around the country. 

When martial law was lifted m 

A recent 

ly attracted over 100,1 

Although she is only halfhis 
age, Zia feces a formidable 
opponent in Miss Bhutto. She 
is not just the daughter of a 
popular prime minister, but 
has considerable political and 
oratorical skills of her own. 
Furthermore she is untainted 
by any association with a 
regime whose rigid Islam iza- 
tion policies have become 
increasingly unpopular. 

“Besides", Miss Bhutto 
wryly observes, “1986 is prov- 
ing a bad year for dictators. I 
just hope that President Zia 
sees the writing on the wall 
and agrees to move aside 

Nicholas Ashford 

Diplomatic Correspondent 


1 Nape (6) 

5 Interrupt speaker (6) 
8 Epoch (3) 

9- Sensual (6) 

10 Empty (6) 

11 Hind part (4) 

,12 Nooniemcalhymn 
( 8 ) 

14 Lamest Alpine lake 

17 Expressed (6) 

19 Indirect reference (8) 

22 Small whirlpool (4) 

24 Qwdtei 

25 RC conscience study 


26 Aural organ (3) 

27 Native carrier (6) * 

28 Join up (6) . 

2 Iritate(S) 

3 - Lose confidence (7) 

4 Arab sail-boal (7) 

5 Sanctuary (5) 

6 Sjjiny desert plants 


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SS.U _ 

7 Nail half-moons (7) 
13 Gratuity (3) 

15 Makcbiggrr(7) 

16 Power (3) 
17Getudne(7) - 

. 18 Inchufimeyotyihina . 

(7) , - - - 

20 Absolute f 5) 

21 Layabout (5) 

23 Clothe (5) 



ACROSS: 8 fwfacermNe 9 Too 10 Recognise 11 Paten 13Ne- - 
gW 16 Deplete 19 Gama 22 Remission 24 Cot 25DecomposztiGB 
DOWN: I Tiptop ^2 Adroit 3 Estrange 4 Deacon SSnaa 6 

IS Cm 16 Deride® 1 7 Pam- 
tot 18 Editor 20Urchm 21 Tetany 23 Some 

I £■<' 

January, PPP flags and phoio- 

graphs of the former prime 
minister immediately went on 


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“T 1 /- wnai Happens 
as far as the law is 
concerned is usually — noth- 
ing, _ 

^‘*k™ ics and lawyers say 
*he legal position of parents 
who leave their children at 
home, atone is- : uncertain. 

Abandonment" or “wfl&r 
?«Iect has to be proved 
ockwe ealher a cart* order or a 
conunal conviction, so par- 
ents who nio to the supermar- 

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Everything you wanted to 
know about birth control 

v Q 

In an age of preventive 
i .medicine, it seems there is a 
t gap in tins market Even the 
! Church of England, in its 
. Faith in the City report 
neglected the problem. No 
one/or example, suggested 
setting up teams of volunteer 
i mind ers to help the people 
who desperately need a few 
hours a week respite. 

Child care law has . always 
been about maintaining a 
delicate balance between the 
lights of children and the role 
ofthe family, with the need for 
state intervention to be dearly 
justified. One of the principal 
recommendations made by 
Mr Lotus Blom-Cooper in his 
report on. the Jasmine Beck- 
find case was that social 
workers should receive more 
training to deal with cbidrcn 
at risk. Carers are hoping thaf 
cash • will be-found to follow 
his guidelines. .. 

Whaf rio one ever seems to 
talk about is training for 
prospective parents. A child 
might wish that to be the 
starting point 

I /W\ Patients' qoes- 
V X? h tions about con- 
W M traception are 
so legkn and 
their probkms 
so diverse, that 
^ some may 
stomp the non-specialist doo 
(or. Typical of the questions 
recently asked in a genito- 
urinary clinic was: “Should I 
disco ntinue the PiO before I 
hare a laparoscopy?*'. 

The definitive answer is 
that this is unnecessary as the 
incidence erf deep vein throm- 
bosis is negjigible after this 
minor proce dure . But a wmb- 
sn due to have her varicose 
veins dealt with should stop 
the Pill for at least a month - 
twfore haring varicose veins 
operat ed on or injected and 
esane taking them only after 
he leg is wnhand o gofl , 

A man asked; “Why can 
?ven comparatively few sperm 
a s emen after vasectomy 
csalt i n a pr egnancy whereas 
■ man with a smibr sperm 
otmt in other circumstances 
rould be considered 


The answer is that a low 
perm count usually indicates 
ralty spermatogenesis, signj- 
*fg that not only are they 
w fo number, but also of 
*9 poor quality. After va- 
*tomy the sperms, although 
•ogress! vely dhafaiishing in 
mntity, are of normal quah- 
and capable of fertiliattion. 
These questions, and 797 
hers, are tackled in a con- 
sely written book, Contra- 
ption, Your Questions 
iswered, by Dr John 
nillebaod, a London 
naecologist and wwHtbI di- 
ctor of foe Margaret Pyke 

One question deliberately 
t incompletely answered is 
! one asked more frequently 
many other “Will the Pill 
me breast cancer in youna 

Dr Guffleband concludes 
it the data ou foe use of die 
I for women In general is 
iformly reassuring, but be - 
ends to wait for foe result, t 
acted at foe end of the 8 
j“t, of the large Oxford 1 

study comparing 800 cancer s 

victims under 35 with 
m a t c he d controls before com- t 
mitting himself about the i 
absolute safety of the PHI In v 
very young women. d 

. Meanwhile young women- e 
can take comfort from the c 
results of an eight-centre c 
North America from n 
Georgia, Atlanta. la this ” 
project, when 2J088 women a 
Hsdea- 45 who hid developed 
canca of the breast were o: 
compared witii a similar con- 



troi group, it was found that 
foe Pill was not a factor when 
the type of drug, its strength, 
Hs brand, the mnnber of years 
it had been used, or the 
number of years taken before 
foe women reached foe age of 
25 or her first foil term 
pregnancy, was considered. 
Contraception, Your Ques- 
tions Answered, is published 
by Pitman Publishing, 128 
Long Acre, London, WC2 

Finger injuries 

The accident to 
The Prince of 
Wales’s finger 
has spotlighted 
injuries of this 
kind. .4s the 
blood and nerve 
supply to a finger runs along 
both sides of the bone, a 
crushing blow is unlikely to 
result in the loss of the finger 
unless it was delivered with 
such force that the arteries 
were completely destroyed. 

A quick glance round a 
group of farmworkers will 
show that while many have 
kft fingers, or parts of them, 
the injuries are usually consis- 
tent with farm machinery 
accidents in which the arteries 
and nerves have been severed. 

A ’ailbeds are frequently 
damaged by a heavy blow; 
recovery is not always com- 
plete and thereafter the nail 
may be irregular. It is difficult 
to assess the degree of recov- 
ery which will take place until 
a new nail has grown. 

Blind drunk 

f 1 "” - 1 When compar- 
ing the addition 
of methyl alco- 
hol (methylated 
spirits) to ItaJ- 

ian wines, the 

1 . — I earlier action in 

Austria of adding ethylene 
glycol (antifreeze) to their 
table wine in sweetening, 
seems comparatively benign. 

Whereas ethylene glycol in 
foe low concentration found 
in a bottle of adulterated wine 
would be dangerous only if 
drank in huge quantities, 
even small amounts of meths 
can, in susceptible people, 
cause lasting damage to the 
nervous system. including ir- 
reversible blindness from de- 
struction ofthe optic nerve. 

.As it is reported that some 
of the Italian wine was con- 
taminated by 10 per cent 

V methylated spirits it is not 
\ surprising that the death rate 
I has readied double figures 
J and many more are in a 

Some people wDl be blind- 
** ed by as little as two tea- 
® spoonfuls of 40 per cent 
^ methylated spirits; others will 

* suffer no more than an upset 

* stomach after drinking sever- 

* al pints. 


q Guests of a dinner party 
host who has failed to follow 
the DH5S advice — to discard 
“ all Italian wine bottled by" 

* Vincenzo Odorc or any cheap 

* Italian table wine recently - 
brought back by travellers: 
which was perhaps purchased- 
in a small grocer’s store 
(rather than a proper duty - 

f free shop) - may find that 18 
' to 24 hours after a jollv 
, evening's drinking their 
t coder eyeballs develop an 
intense burning pain made" 
worse by exposure to light 

Thereafter vision will be 
obscured by flashes and • 
snowstorms until foe unfor- 
tunate guests start to notice 
progressive tunnel vision, ■ • 
with the visual fields slowly 
contracting until blindness - 
supervenes. Accompanying 
the eye symptoms will be all 
the usual effects of a severe ~- 
bangover, which in cases of " 
severe poisoning, can lead to - 
coma, respiratory failure and * 

Doctor in trouble 

In tiie past gen- - - 1 
end practitio- 
ners often spent 
time d rinking 
copious cops of : . 
tea or coffee : 
with their preg- / 
nant patients as they dis- — 
cussed their worries. 

They would chat over a«‘ 
cuppa with the grandparents.,' 
and aunts who Intended to - r 
help with the confinement "" 
and surreptitiously assess foe • 
strengths and weaknesses of' 
foe household into which the 
baby was going to be bora. 

If the American Journal of. 
Obstetrics and Gynaecology k 
to be believed, the doctors „ 
were encouraging flieir pa- : 
tieots in an undesirable, pos- ■ 
sibly even harmful — habit for 
a recent research project in . " 
Connecticut has shown that ■ ‘ 
moderate to heavy users of 
caffeine contafahig drinks 
(tea and coffee and, being an 
American study, Coca-Cola ' 
too) are more likely to have 
lute miscarriages. 

Dr Thomas” 


6th to 12th April. 



Helena Bonham 

Carter, who stars in 

two films this year. 

owes hejr big break to 

a photograph in a 

society magazine 


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P»nfly Week is a special time for 
The ChBdren'is Society, 

Hfe a week when thousands of our 
supporters not only raise money, but show 
the entire country Just how^ The Children^ 
Society helps those in need. 

Every year over 10,000 children and 
famlfies benefit from our work. 

Far every child we help, however, 
there are many we cant 

So please see if you can spare a little 

time to help us during Family Week. 

Would you be able to join others m 
your area who already give up a few houra 
of their time to help the children m our 

care? Whatever you can do will be greatly 


Please complete the coupon betowand 

return it to; Church of England Chadrenfc 
Society, FREEPOST, London SE114BR. 


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The high stakes of sacrilege 



A classified Nato document has 
come into the hands of Liberal 
leader David Steel after being 
picked up from the hall table of a 
hotel in Newquay. It gives details 
of a Nato exercise off the Cornish 
coast between March IS and 20 
involving the RAF, the Royal 
Netherlands Air Force and the US 
Navy and Marine Corps. The 
document was found by a Liberal 
supporter whose accompanying 
letter to Steel contains some acid 
comments on Nato security. Steel, 
who has been out of the country, is 
expected to raise the matter with 
the Defence Secretary- George 
Younger, today. An MoD spokes* 
man said there would be an 
immediate inquiry. He expressed 
surprise that the document had 
been sent to Steel instead of being 
handed in to the police. 

What’s my line? 

There is now a variation on the 
cabbie's cry: “Guess who 1 had in 
the back of my taxi." It is: "Guess 

■ who was driving." Fred Housego, 
who became famous after winning 
Mastermind but was dropped 
from his regular Friday night slot 
on London Weekend Television 
at Christmas, is back driving a 
cab. Housego. a Labour supporter, 
has not lost his gift of the gab and 

! at union meetings is a vociferous 
supporter of the drivers’ case 
against Heathrow’s 50p taxi levy. 
Philosophical about his fall from 

• fame, he admits he would return 
' to the screen like a shot if asked: 

“I'm as greedy as anybody else. 
TV pays in 20 minutes what most 

■ • of us earn in a week." 

■ Waiting for Ego 

i We are about to be engulfed in 

•_ celebrations marking Samuel 
Beckett's SOth birthday on April 
13: Faber are publishing a special 

- edition of his plays on that day. 

. .. BBC’s Bookmark is devoting an 

edition to him. Books and Book- 
men is granting him the cover 

- story and the national qualities are 
planning major features. So what- 
ever happens do not tell anybody 

- that his birthday is not this month 
at all but on May 13. He pretends 
it is a month earlier because that 
would mean he was bom on a 
Good Friday that fell on the 13th. 
Ho-ho. very absurd. 

i Nothing like it 

Ken Thompson, chief press officer 

; for Channel 4. rang the Daily 

■ Telegraph information service the 
. other day to ask if Iris Murdoch, to 

• whom he was writing, had been 
. made a dame. “She was bom in 

Dublin of Anglo-Irish parents," 

• came the reply. “Thai's interest- 
ing. but is she a dame?" repeated 

■ Thompson. “A dame! I thought 
you uanted to know if she was 

• Danish." 


•Poor deriL only yesterday he was 
running an oil company’ 

Falling for it 

We were almost treated to the 
spectacle of Miriam Stoppard 
interviewing pregnant men on 
Yorkshire Television's tthere 
There’s Life after an April Fool 
joke in Cosmopolitan magazine 
Its article about three men in 
Minnesota who were expecting 
test tube babies later this month 
appeared under the byline Lori 
Fopal — an anagram of April 
Fool, and was just one of a series 
of giveaway jokes. Yesterday 
morning, a week after the maga- 
zine came out, programme re- 
searcher Mark Seagar rang to ask 
for further details. “Some bizarre 
things happen in the States. 
. They've made male baboons preg- 
nant. so why not men?" he said. 

Son of Zion? 

An underground group of Libyan 
democrats, the London-based Na- 
tional Front for the Salvation of 
Libya, says it can add evidence to 
support repons in Israeli papers 
that Gadaffi's mother was Jewish. 
One of Gadaffi's former aides. 
Omar Mahaeshi. who defected in 
1975 and is now languishing in a 
. Tripoli prison, has claimed that an 
Italian priest who had dealings in 
Libya during the Italian occupa- 
tion wrote to Gadaffi in 1970. In 
his fetter he said he knew of 
Gadaffi's Jewish blood and begged 
him to use his background to help 
bring harmony to the warring 
religious factions. An NFSL 
‘ spokesman says: “It was the priest, 
apparently, who suggested that 
Gadaffi was the son of a Jewish 
lady raped by an Italian soldier in 
Sirie. To avoid scandal, the priest 
recommended that the baby boy 
be placed in the custody of 
Bunamiar Gaddafedam. Gadaffi's 
assumed father." If the letter 
existed (outside Mahaeshi's imag- 
ination) I hate to think what 
Gadaffi's reply was. 



They were praying hard in Polish 
churches during Holy Week this 
year — harder than usual. Special 
masses were held throughout the 
country, especially in the ancient 
town of Gniezno. west of Warsaw, 
for the return of one of the holiest 
and most valuable church trea- 
sures in eastern Europe, stolen by 
a gang of grave robbers. 

The theft of the large, ex- 
quisitely etched silver mounting 
from the tomb of St Adalbert (also 
known as St Wqjcieeh) set both 
the Catholic bishops and the 
government into a frenzy of 
activity. A ransom of half a 
million zloties — two years' av- 
erage income, but still only a small 
fraction of the real value of the 
work — was put up in the hope of 
attracting an informer. Top detec- 
tives were put on the case and 
have arrested three men and a 
woman. But though the police 
found smelting machinery in the 
garage of the thieves' apartment in 
Gdansk, the fate of the silver 
engraving, made by a master 
craftsman three centuries ago and 
weighing about 32 lb, is still 
uncertain. The prayers, and the 
interrogations, continue. 

The furore over the theft is 
understandable. St Adalbert is a 
symbol of Poland's Christian her- 
itage and of its early claims to 
statehood. Originally Bishop of 
Prague, Adalbert was exiled and 
arrived in Poland in 997: from 
there, with the support of the 
Polish evangelizing monarch 
Boleslaw the Bold, he started to 
Christianize the Prussians, who 
soon put him to death. Boleslaw 
bought the body from his killers 
and entombed it in Gniezno 
cathedral, where it became a focus 
of pilgrimage and a symbol of the 

Roger Boyes reports on Poland’s anguish 
over a theft that highlights the 
illegal traffic in holy relics to the West 

fact that Christianity came to 
Poland from the Slavic east rather 
than from the west. 

Adalbert became an important 
factor in integrating the tribes that . 
created the Polish slate. His 
remains are safe, still wrapped and 
sealed in a metal box. But the 
thieves pulled off the lifesize 
image of the prone Adalbert and 
six eagles (their wings, broken and 
chipped, were found in the 
Gdansk apartment). The blow to 
Polish pride can be measured not 
only in the intensity of prayer this 
past week but also the anger of 
letters written to the authorities 
demanding that the thieves be 

Who could be behind the crime? 
There seem to be two possibilities: 
either this was a run-of-the-mill 
group of criminals who, not 
realizing the real value of the 
Adalbert tomb, intended to melt 
down the stiver; or they were hired 
by a western collector. 

This latter possibility has ex- 
posed a sordid seam in the 
underworlds of East and West. It 
is an open secret that thousands of 
icons have been making their way 
to the West. Looted from empty or 
unguarded churches in Russia, 
Belorussia, the Ukraine and Po- 
land — one Orthodox church in 
eastern Poland has been stripped 
of 1 SO in six separate burglaries — 
the icons are smuggled to Vienna, 
West Berlin or Scandinavia. 

There, if they are of poor 
quality, they are restored, re- 
touched and sold as fashionable 

interior decorations. Those that 
are genuinely old and attributable 
are sold to collectors at high 
prices. Now jt emerges that a great 
deal of Catholic church art has 
also been making its way to 
western: dealers and collectors. 

Colonel Jan Swjeczynski is the 
main art treasures detective in 
Poland, -a ' scholarly man who 
studies western collectors' jour- 
nals with - some interest He 
quotes, as an example of the 
cynicism of western art pirates, a 
specialist West German antiques 
journal: “The eastern (that is East 
European) market of art master- 
pieces and antiques still contains 
certain valuable reserves. For a 
long time attempts have been 
made to mobilize these reserves 
and bring them to the West — 
sometimes successfully. Ways and 
means are complicated 

But ways and means can usually 
be found. The main customers 
appear to be- in West Germany. 
There was the recent case of a 
former Polish citizen living in 
West Germany who advertised his 
services as a go-between. Having 
won a lucrative commissi cm for 
paintings from a Michal 
WiQmaxm altar- Will m an n is 
known in Poland as the “Silesian 
Rembrandt” — he in turn sub- 
contracted a gang of Polish bur- 
glars. In all such thefts everything 
depends on the competence of the 
contracted thieves and the speed 
with which the stolen goods can be 
sent to the West. In this case, the 
police managed, to trap the bur- 

glars - loose talk in a bar— and 
retrieved four of the paintings. Buz 
three had already been, smuggled 
to Cologne^ . 

The detection rate* in • sub- 
contracted burglaries is relatively 
high. Between 1981 and 1984 
there were 2398 thefts from’ 
churches and rectories and two 
out of three thieves were' caug 
But the retrieval of the sto3 
winks is mud) more difficult, with 
the police recovering only about 
20 per cent and then often only 
- cheap silver awaiting treatment in 
illegal smelters. Sometimes the 
authorities turn up a -stolen 
masterpiece bjl luck — a Van 
Dyck was once round hidden on a 
train to East Germany 

Detectives seardiing for the 
Adalbert treasure have done the 
rounds -of the several known 
fences on the far side , of the 
Vistula, in the rundown pan of 
Warsaw known as Praga, and all 
the law-abiding silver 'dealers 
throughout the country. They 
have come up with only a few 
dues- But, in any case, if. foe : theft 
•had .been a special commission 
from the West, it would most 
likely have avoided the usual 

The Adalbert affair is a matter 
of great embarrassment to. die 
church leadership. The' millen- 
nium of. Adalbert's arrival in 
Poland is approaching, a red letter 
day for the Catholic church in 
Eastern Europe; and Gniezno fa in 
the heart of the archdiocese of 
Cardinal Jozef Glemp. the Polish 
primate, who was having talks, 
with the Pope m the Vatican attbe 
time of the theft Perhaps foe 
' prayers and foe ransom offered to 
the underworld will save 
Adalbert's silver. But the chances 
are dim: 

Howard Davies is unconvinced by Owen’s angling for Tory votes 

For Iron Lady read Tin Mari 

David Owen has taken to heart the 
familiar conceit that he could be 
foe next "Conservative" prime 
minister. His latest book. A United 
Kingdom , is an attempt to claim 
that succession. 

Billed as an “argument and a 
challenge for a better Britain", it is 
clearly targeted at the wavering 
Conservative, and not simply at 
the closet social democrats in the 
Tory party. Owen is going for the 
hard core of Mrs Thatcher's 
support, for those who admire 
firm government, uncompromis- 
ing stands, and economic realism 
— Centre Forward would be at 
outside left in Dr Owen's Britain. 

There is nothing subtle about 
the approach. His version of foe 
history of the miners’ strike — 
demonstrating that he alone 
stood firm throughout against 
Arthur Scaigtil - “serves to nail 
the lie that only Mrs Thatcher and 
the Conservatives can give firm 
leadership". Owen and the 
Conservatives, we are asked to 
believe, would do just as well. 

More artful is the exploitation 
of Conservative worries about 
industrial policy and. in particu- 
lar, about the government’s appar- 
ent willingness to countenance 
foreign takeovers in the name of 
privatization. While leaving his 
own views on Westland and BL 
clouded in obscurity, he articu- 
lates a common yearning — seen 
notably in the House of Lords 
select committee report on over- 
seas trade — for a coherent indus- 
trial strategy against which 
individual cases can be judged. 

The attitude of Tory back- 
benchers to foe projected BL deals 
with Ford and GM revealed high 
anxiety about the government's 
intentions. Why, they asked, did 
the government not play the 
patriotic card — a joker assumed 
to be dealt to all Conservative 
prime ministers. 

The target is well chosen. But 
does he hit it? Does Owen have 
anything to offer the mainstream 
Tory voter who shares these 
concerns? On the evidence of A 

United Kingdom the answer must 
be no. It is an unconvincing 
agenda, long on analysis and short 
on practical politics. 

He tries to anticipate this line of 
attack. For him. “the specific 
measures are nowhere near as 
important as the underlying analy- 
sis. If we could only obtain a 
greater consensus on foe need for 
more private investment, how this 
can be achieved would become a 
more technical than political 

This cavalier dismissal of most 
political and economic con- 
troversy this century as mere 
“technical questions" which 
Wrigglesworth or some other me- 
nial in foe Treasury can settle is 
more silly than dangerous. But foe 
“underlying analysis" is more 
seriously flawed. 

His doomsday chapter entitled 
National Decline is not helped by 
some elementary errors of fact 
We learn, for example, that the 
standard of living in Puerto Rico 
and Taiwan is “almost on a par 
with ours” Yet the World Bank 
reports our GDP per head as just 
over $9,000, with Puerto Rico and 
Taiwan at around $2,500. 

His macro-economic arguments 
are also flawed. They are based on 
the premise that a consumer boom 
is in prospect at the expense of 
industrial investment and growth. 
Yet the events of the past thro; 
months, with a collapse of the oil 
price and falling interest and 
exchange rates, create the most 
favourable climate for industry for 
many years. Investment and ex- 
ports, it is generally forecast, will 
grow more rapidly than consumer 

The errors are, however, less 
important than the shape which 
emerges of foe SDP approach to 
the economy. In many areas it 
would differ little, if at all, from 
this government's strategy. 
Though Owen tries to claim that 
employee share schemes and 
wider share ownership more gen- 
erally are .Alliance inventions, 
elsewhere even he acknowledges 

Gwen: an: 

long oa analysis i 
abort on practical politics 

that significant pr ogr ess has been 
made under Mrs Thatcher. 

Owen wants a participative 
industrial democracy. Conser- 
vatives call it popular capitalism. 
Here we are in the realism of 
broad marketing — of distinction 
without difference. 

But there is another side to his 
coin: an interventionist impulse 
which translates into incomes 
policy, massive increases in re- 
gional aid, huge export subven- 
tions, and the other paraphernalia 
of corporatism and protection. 

Incomes policy is foe centre- 
piece. But precisely which form 
Owen would adopt is unclear. He 
canvasses a range of foreign 
exemplars, an inflation tax linked 
to profit sharing, a quite different 
“payroll incentive" for companies 
which increase their labour force, 
and, for the public sector, a 
complex comparability scheme 
which puts the Gegg pay awards 
in the shade. 

Nor does he advance any plaus- 

ible aigument as to why incomes 
policy would work in-foe future 
any better than it has done In foe 
past. His own belief that it would 
rests on one simple proposition, 
incomes policy will be “under- 
pinned" by ’“foe emergence of a 
new political consensus based on 
proportional repres entation" It 
seems that if a government fa 
approved by a clear majority of 
voters its policies will be followed 
without questionor demur. 

This is not so. Opposition to 
incomes policy or, indeed, to 
trades union legislation*- has not 
been driven by a feeling that foe 
decisions of a government elected 
by a mere 44 per cent of the 
electorate were illegitimate but 
rather by the desire of particular 
groups to defend their short-term 
financial interests. The. demo- 
cratic purity of foe single transfer- 
able vote will not change these 
calculations tp the sli ghtest degree. 

Owen has a jqune belief in foe 
power of government to influence 
economic life. In his view “the fact 
that Italy in 1985 surpassed the 
UK. in its standard of living, 
implies that foe quality Of Italian . 
government fa better, man ours".. 
President Botha would be de- 
lighted to have this test applied to 
the continent of Africa. Bu t mos t 
other -political leaders recog ni ze 
some limits to their power and 
influence over the economy. .- 

Changing attitudes within Brit- 
ish industry fa a long-term process. 
It can be assisted only by a 
government prepared - to work 
with the grain of the market, hot 
against it In the past five yeafewe 
have returned to a growth path 
that matches or exceeds that of our 
main competitors. David Owen's 
interventionism, founded' on a 
mysterious political alchemy, 
would put into reverse the bene- 
ficial adjus tm ent s .that have al- 
ready been made: • 

The author, now with AfcKin&y 
and Co, was until recently special 
adviser to the Chancellor :qf the 
Exchequer. A United Kingdom is 
published by Penguin (£2.95 ). ' 

Boom town denied the chance to grow 

Cambridge is Thatcher country. 
She has pinned her hopes for 
economic recovery on small busi- 
ness, high technology and sunrise 
industry. In most of a Britain still 
dominated by the declining in- 
dustries of an earlier era there are 
few signs of such life. In Cam- 
bridge her vision unfolds. 

A year ago there were no fewer 
than 350 small high-technology 
businesses in the city, increasing 
by between 30 and 40 a year, 
involved in electronics, tele- 
communications, scientific in- 
struments. bio-technology and 
computing. The firms are not 
mere branches of multinationals 
and despite their small size and 
youth — more than half were 
established during the past 10 
ars — they account for nearly 20 
r cent of employment in the 
Cambridge area. Extrapolating 
their present birth and survival 
rates, employment can be ex- 
pected to grow rapidly. 

Cambridge is. in short, rather 
like Victorian Manchester. It dis- 
lays all the characteristics of a 
ooming entrepreneurial econ- 
omy. And what has made it grow 
is simple: the raw material nec- 
essary for high technology in- 
dustry is brainpower, and Cam- 
bridge University is a leading 
scientific centre. 

But foe mere availability of 
academic excellence cannot ex- 
plain foe boom in enterprise: after 
all. the academics could just as 
easily spend their lime pursuing 
arcane research projects within the 
university's laboratories. A recent 
study by Segal. Quince and Part- 
ners shows that this university, 
has created, partly by accident, an 
environment that facilitates con- 
tact with industry. Faculty mem- 

Cambridge: cloistered calm that has spawned i proliferation of high-tech 
industries - but now hdd back by pfenning restrictions 

bers can enter business yet retain 
their posts and university salaries, 
so minimizing the risks involved. 

Cambridge University has tra- 
ditionally had a variety of loose 
and flexible contractual relation- 
ships with its staff, with less 
attention than is usually paid to 
formal job description. They have 
been comparatively free to decide 
how they spend their time and 
whether to engage m outside work. 
In applied sciences especially 
there is a natural presumption that 
staff will take on consultancies 
and other outside employment 

All this has helped create in 
Cambridge a university network 
of business and social contacts so 
strong that a study of company 
histories showed that the univer- 
sity has been foe origin, directly or 
indirectly, of most of the new 
high-tech firms. 

But growth fa now threatened. 
Cambridgeshire County Council 
has a Structure Plan, produced in 
the late 1970s, and approved by 
the Environment Secretary in 
1980. dictating that Cambridge 
shall not boom. It is identified, to 
use foe planners' jargon, as an area 
of policy restraint on population 
growth. That means that present 
plans will not meet the foil 
demand for housing in the city. 

Following the principles of a 
plan for Cambridge written in 
! 950 by William Holford. foe 
County Council wishes to protect 
the city’s physical setting; it wants 
to preserve long-distance views of 
the city and countryside beyond. 
In fine with this, it is seeking a 
further extension of the green belt 
around the city. The Structure 
Plan, as revised, will release 150 
acres of land on foe city's out- 

skirts-. But mean while- the green 
belt is to be extended aud develop- 
ment will be prevented- until 
Iheyear 2000 at least. 

The cky says there is probably 
enough land far new roads and 
bouses if-the present rale of house 
construction continues. -But if it, 
increases the pfanbefa-admit that 
the land supply; wflL be in-, 
sufficient- whether .there.- ts 
enough land to accommodate the. 
expected increase in foe city’s 
population is unclear.. . 

The results of such planning are 
evident. There is a shortage of 
suitable scientific- and computer 
staff in Cambridge With foe price, 
of a foree-bedroomed terrace 
house now between £65,000 and ' 
£1 00,000. that is not surprising.- As 
things stand an unemployed tech- 
nologist living in the norrivable to 
raise £35.000 from his existing 
home, would need to find an 
additional £30.000 to £65,000 to 
move to Cambridge- Even' if He 
decided to posqxme' his move foe- 
situation is unlikely to improve.-. 
According to the House Bmlders 
Federation, foe extension oftte? 
green belt will mean that all . 
available land for . new building 
will be used up within three years. 

The arguments for protecting 
foe environment in Cambridge are - 
strong.- Equally powerful are 'foe 
arguments- for allowing the city to 
grow. We cannot afford- to. bold 
back the Cambridge effect. What 
would have become of us in the 
19th century if our ancestors had 
chosen to sacrifice growth for 
conservation in Manchester, Bir- ; 
mingham or Leeds? 

Ian Wray 

The author is a chartered town 
planner and economic geographer. 

David Watt 


Most comrtent on foe Soviet call 

for a comprehensive nuclear test 
ban treaty —and its rejection by 
President Reagan— has been 
. made in foe context of East-West 
diplomacy and propag an d a , wni 
the -row wreck foe Washington 
' summi t? Will Moscow score 
points in the battle for European 
public opinion? These are im- 
portant questions, but they over- 
shadow the substance. 

' Is an agreed end to underground 
testing,, together with a stronger 
prohibition on testing in space, a 
realistic aim? Would it really be a 
dangerous . restriction on foe 
development of vital technologies, 
as the Americans allege? Would it 
actually slow down the arms race, 
even if the superpowers could 
agteeon it? • - . - ' 

. This kind of question loots 
straightforward enough, but in fact 
fa .quite complex. Consider what 
ought to be a relatively simple, as 
weli as an absolutely central one: 
what, today, are nuclear tests 
actually needed for? I have 
hawked this question round quite 
a wide range of people who are 
supposed to be expert, and have 
received an equally wide range of 

- At one end of the spectrum are 
those who say that any country 
foat wants to be taken' seriously as 
a nuclear power needs to test. 
Unless you can test, they say, you 
are not only depriving yourself of 
foe opportunity to mike yourself 
more secure, you cannot even be 
sure foal your existing stockpile of 
weapons is sot deteriorating. 
According to this thesis, testing ts 
inseparable from possessing nu- 
clear weapons; until you abolish 
foe latter it is preposterous to try 
to abolish foe former. 

On the other wing are those who 
maintain that today so much is 
known about nuclear weapons 
that- nobody needs to test. The 
superpower stockpiles are so im- 
mense that such marginal deter- 
ioration as cannot routinely be 
detected and -repaired, is' easily 
sustainable. The state of the 
nuclear armourer's art is now so 
advanced in the US and the USSR 
that almost any form of nuclear 
weapon which can be conceived 
on foe drawing board can be 
mauriactured with an acceptable 
degree of certainty that it. win 
function properly without having 
to be tested. Israel, which almost 
certainly possesses nudear weap- 
ons, has never tested ^ne. 

.Between there poles of opin- 
ion— scientific and military on 
both sides — it is impossible for 
the layman, (including most com- 
mentators and politicians) to 
adjudicate. The military and the- 
defence scientists - want to be - 
certain of their weapons and it fa a 
natural human desire,, if one has 
toys, to play with them. On the 
other band, foe arms control 
enthusiasts in the scientific 
community are bound to under- 
state foe technical uncertainties. 
And without technical expertise 
how are decision-makers to say 
whose bias is the greater? 

The answer is that most poli- 
ticians believe in particular ex- 
perts who tell them what fits in 
with their policies. The British . 
political debate, on this issue is 
bedevilled by such uncertainties. 
Admittedly Labour's position on 
nudear. testing fa at least logically 
consistent since, if Britain has no 

nuclear weapons, as Labour in- 
tends, there is no need to test 
them. But Mss Thatcher is in a 
quandary. When she first came to 
power in. 1979 she reviewed the 
situation io . foe light of- her 
nationalist instincts and.wrotc to 
admoni tory memorandum max- 
ing dear foat she believed the 
mfoiary arguments for testing and 
was totally opposed -to ‘a com- 
prehensive test ban.' » • 

Unfortunately tins was at odds 
with past BritobDOficy, especial I y 
foe Foreign Office view, wfaich 
bad been rather in favour. .The 
result b as been a characteristically 
hypocritical 'British J compromise 
whereby the reality - that the 
Prime Minister intends never to 
«a gn a compr ehensive treaty'— is 
fudged in public by foe -pretence 
that what she -cannot §tomach is 
that the Russia ns. will not agree to 
proper verification. If foe. y enfica- 
tion problem fa sol vedT as one; toy 
it might be. she wifi- be fa a picLft,. 

Similarly David Owen, -a long- 
standing advocate of a com- 
prehensive ban, chooses to believe 
those scientists w$b ten bun that 
the SDP’s'policy of developing a 
British sea-la imebed cruise missile 
as an alternative to Trident (pos- 
sibly in collaboration with - the 
French) could be achieved with- 
out testing. He, and they, may be 
right; but so may foe experts who 
say it would be very difficult, >f not 
impossible, to devise Or adapt a 
untried purpose and * he safe it 
worked — that is,. without trying it 
out : .. '' 1 
The answer, perhaps, is to-foo$ 
at the thing another -way ami 
consider the most extreme con- 
sequences for good or evil that 
might flow from a treaty* The 
pluses would -be some further 
improvement in . the East-West 
climate, and possibly a mild, 
though inconclusive restraint on 
non^udear powers such as India 
and Pakistan from pursuing overt 
nudear weapons - development. 
On the other band the . arms 
controllers are debarred from 
believing a. treaty .would, make 
more than a marginal difference to 
the superpower arms idee. For if, 
as they arguey testing is super- 
fluous. then' the chances J are (hat 
the superpowers will calmly go on 
devetopiag titeir-wcapons systems 
without testing. • 

Shnflariy, those keen on Pres# 
deal Reagan’s Star Wars initiative 
would be.disappofoted that under 
a comprehensive treaty the poten- 
tialities of the X-ray laser could 
not be so easily explored, but their 
displeasure ahould'be tem p ered by 
two facts: (a) thinThe X-ray laser 
can be explored to a ^considerable 
extent wiihpBLHUclcar testingand 
(b) that r in any case. *ir probably 
wan’tweak- -> > - 
An extra-terrestrial arbitermight 
well conclude foat’there is a strong 
balance of advantage in favour of 
a treaty banning unclear tests in 
the outer atmosphere because of 

Bathe would probably pronounce 
that in the case of underground 
tests the advantage is small mid 
mainly symbolic. In these circum- 
stances he would teQ us not to loser 
too much sleep over Soviet oppor- 
tunism, and US intransigence, on 
this issue, and to concentrate our 
energies and -hopes on . foe bal- 
anced reduction of our wastefully 
Moated nuclear arsenals. .. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Richard Ingrams is leaving Private 
Eye to edit a new version of foe 
Shell Country Guides — York- 
shire .Is already finished and 
Oxfordshire is being done now. 

But as foe editorehip-of the Eye is 
the only job Ingrams has everhad, 
you wiB not be surprised to. lea rn 
thtft. it has heavily, affected foe 
styfe of the new Shell guides, as 
these extracts from foe Oxford- 
shire work, demonstrate: 

• Great Oxford Bores of the Past, 

No S6-. , . of course, the really 
clever Moke at New College was 
tiie Rev Spooner, he invented the 
spoonerism which is when you 
swap foe front bits of words to 
mate a new phrase, it’s really 
dtfver, his most famous one is 
“Kmkering Kongs their titles 
take", though personally I never 
thought that very fimny, I Kkefoe 
one w here he said that the Lord, is 
a shoving leopard, do you get it? 

What he really meant to say was 
foe Lord is a. loving shepherd, 
another one is where he said that 
theot feu off the roof and 
oir its drawers, instead of < 

on fts paws, though I supiK~ 

seetnedfiznmer.when he was alive. 

• Clerihew Carner,oa the Duke of 
Marlborough's victories. 

Blenheim was a doddle. 

Ramifies was quite hard. 

But when he won Malplaquet. 

Everyone Oudenarde!’^ 

• A Doctor Writes. “Sometimes 
patients arereferned to the arffer- 
ing. what is called an Oxford 
education. This disease fasts about 
three years, sometimes four, and 
the normal symptoms are staying 
up- very - late, consuming vast 
overdoses of instant coffee, taricirw 
incessantly about God, sex and 
politics, and a marked distaste for 
any . kind ' of normal woriL In 
severe cases it may lead to 
delusions of self-importance, sex- 
ual over-activity and rowing along 
rivers trying to nit the boat in from 
of yqu. Basically, it is just a form 
of retarded infantile activity and 
should clear up by itself. 

Occasinaily, however, the disease appropriate su 
lingers into adult life, -where it Foreign Office. 

takes the form of refusing to leave 
Oxford (becoming. ^ don) Off 
persisting m editing coJfeRMype 
mags (running Pifvate Eye). There cure for eithcr .fonh " ; 

• E-J.Thrihb: lines on foie death 

of Maurice Bowr*.; . r ; . 

So Farewell, 

Maurice Bowra, head of 
.. WadhanL 

A curious name. Wadham. 

Buz not as odd as Bowra, - 
IaskedKeithtmumif she knew 

Anything about it 

She said she thought that *■“ 

A Morris Bowra was etcar 
Made by. Lord Nuffield-- , 

Can this he right? 

• Dear Bffl, 

rdon't know rf you read-tifet I v 
bad been offered a Fellowship at 
All Souls, which M was furious ai, 
swing it as a further insult, aft* 
she had been refused an hflafarary 
doctorate by the dty of sneering 
spues. But (.insisted on accepting 
iV seeug it as a chance to get#*? 

from foe Downing . Street- mad- 

house, so the Major and 
for the day alongthe A40 lowsrfs 
Oxford. First stop, - & 11 

guess, was the Old RagggdSBff 81 

so memoisS^^SedlojS^^ 
you remember Arthur doiaif£® . 
lengths Of foe pond and Jj# 1 * 
«vaged by gMd-fisb?) Affctfia*; 

rm afraid, we toolrthe wrong haa 

and sever got to Oxford.- &&£ 
up instead at foe Three, Jdhr 
Stockbrokers ii» Readies-* -- 
(continued m the Shell Gum to 
Berkshire) ’ • r * -■ y ’ • 

In foe Shell Guide to 
re we said that the Vikings 

of York, committing rape . — — 
p ill a ge . Following a court- action 
by. the . TUni <h government. ,we „ 
now recognize that there was^noT' 
truth in this malicious story and 
that the Vikings established, a 
responsible and caring .town ship- 
We -would like to apologize to all 


tT- i 
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E****# 0 * Street, London El 9XN Tdephonc: 01-481 


]*?** organization a 
din? condemning 

*■_ ^tooption of the exis tfw «£»_- 

'■ ex ^ninations at 

^.;.16:-J)lu& k .? 'Wliicls- - teacher 
thi^ week cn- 
doted O Levels and all exist- 
WR:arran^mems few: 16-plus 
promising to sabotage their 
JS-'"85^8P | tf? Tfee answer is of 

4“.S^S san ®' The National 
a:: V£W.°f Teachers, sometime 
J-ywia^: Of. . educational re- 

-X 40n»». scourge -of “elitist” 
^examination. . ^boards. 

•: OT-gjS « SSS 

the organization of- 
^^''Xmdiuy -schools,' is 
agent of educational 
reaction. .-■ 

it. has pulled out of the air a 
j figure for the. cost of the new 
exa min a t ions,' which ■ happens 
■>,. to, be . .a quintuple of . the 
jv* Government’s sum. No nego- 
^ tiation. No room for recalcula- 
~ tjotv No -consultants’ reports' 
^to back -up the reasoning. In 
this atmosphere of - industrial *' 
"* lr uancy T the interests of chil- 
i jd -qy-the-tKipidr 

■Jjt; has ; beena tqjwiawn 
-reform -rather than one grown 
organically out of the Bfe ofthe 

- their assessments 
ot achievemenL : Yet/ it has 
been. : one cotiousiy. -at odds 
with other educational -prior- 

- ides. Where, for example, is 

- the- connexion . with the 
Government's ■ simultaneous 
concern about standardizing 

. the curriculum of the second- 
ary school. The GCSE reform, 
has been insulated entirely 
front- the- debate about in-, 
traducing into the schools 
. some greater awareness of the 
industrial' \and'~£cotioniic- 
crrcumstahces .in which we : 
. live, The telling -question is • 
what relationship exists be- 
tween the GSCE and the 
Technical and- Vocational 
■ Education Initiative. 

; question, explicit If teachers 
cannot be required to under- 
take specified tasks such as 
-preparation ‘for an 'examina- 
tion as laid down by their 
employers, then educational 
anarchy looms closer than h. 
has- at any time during the past 
eighteen months of discord. 

• The union’s perennial claim 
-to. professional remuneration 
5 Tarjts members is lessened. It 
- : ts not so much the content of 
-’. its arguments, Jbr of course 
-there is .'a cost in terms of 
'£ books and training attached to 
thirnew examination and there 
is no reason to believe the 
|T' government got it exactly 

. GCSE stood, and, despite 
havering by Sir Keith Joseph, 
still stands for the worst of 
both worlds. -It - appears to 
compromise ■ the academic 
standards of O level while not 
introducing into the curricu- 
lum the vocational and - tech-. - 
nical component needed to ' 
rescue die secondary- educa- 
tion -of 'pupfls m the lpwer" 
reaches Of the; ability range. . 
There is an argument, in other 
words, for looking again at the 
examination, reform, and at its 

7 right It is the -procedures the 
NUT now 

. now adopts to put. its - 
X-7 case: unilaiera} action mere 
■» months before "tuition- for the 
"new examination begins in 

* earnest. There; are twoques-: 
tiems to beasked inthewakeof 

: ^tteNUT conference, pile, the . T 
7 \ more presang, isaboutthefate : 
: . -of the General Certificate of 

* Secondary Education. - 

'■y.V. . -. ■ 

But .now.. the NtJT has 
thrown down-a- gauntlet, a nd 
the. issue also becomes one of 
management of the education 
system.' That means, in so 
-many words, ; “doing 
something” about foe. NUT. 
The basis of the dispute 
: dispute, has been d^omina- ' 
Jtian ^ . bf . teachers* 
respans iblities, .: and .the. 
posSihflify of better pay once-' 
: those duties had been defined. 
Now die NUT has made the 

.To call the teachers’ bluff 
a and carry on would be — 
probably — to.subject school- 
children to disruption and 
-.enervating... uncertainly. The 
alternative course is to sus- 
pend the operation of the new 
exams. That would be a defeat, 
'but' ohe&rberier thanTxrsving 
the. knee before this Easter 
militancy' and' bribing the 
teachers — and repay them for 
the beat of their seaside rheto- 
ric: The next steps are subtle: 
They , encompass means of 
mmimizidg' the influence of 
the NUT, the reconstruction 
of pay negotiation and 
bargaining over -conditions of 
service in such a way that the 
militants are undermined. The 
speechifying and voting at this 
week's conference hay made it 
dear that; foe NUT has aban- 
doned any claim to a respon- 
sible role in the running of the 
schools. ' 

^ A .year ago it would .have 
; . seemed inconceivable, that [ : a_ 
: former- Secretary -General. of 
%: : foeUmted Nations could have ; 
2v- had a less than ^unblemished _• 
- pB^t : The -checks bn : any can- ; 
folate for such' a ^pbst .aye' so ' 
rigorous, foe documents con- 
? I sidled, so numerous that no, 
orfe wifo any dceleton .to 
•- conceal ; would evwL’. have 
submitted himself for election 
x * 4A foe 'first- place. Pr-schit was 
j ' tbcn^gbL >’ ' • 

-• Credulity would have been 
* stretched stiff' fiuiher if the 
w /game of f>r Kurt Waldheim 
s ^h^d beep mentioned in this 
connesuon — a man who, -while 
- at’ . the UN, became femous 
-(some would say notorious) 
for the dull probity he brought 
-"’“to -ibe job: .Yet it is Dr 
Waldheim* in particular his 
war- r . recorfo- which is now - 
under scrutiny. ' 

The - ‘ question cviginaHy - 
posed was this: Was Dr Wald- 
heim 'involved, however jin 
directly, in the deportation of 
Greek Jews from $aJomka 
while serving with . foe German 
army in . foe Balkans in 1942? 
And if he, was involved, even 
& peripherally, ' should he be - 
-*■ eligible for public office — not 
' for the UN post from which he 
has already retired, but for foe 
. . Presidency of Austria to which 
he now aspires. 

The accusation^, made orig- 
; inafly ;by foe, : Wfold; Jewish • 
Congress, .haS^ 'spjit mter- 
nationai opinioii.^T2jey foave. ; 
also spfrt'Jewifo;ppimoc, with r 
'■foe ■ iafoWifed-^TTaia •* hunter, -o 

: Dr W^dbeifo's bittQceifiaEL Ihr- 
recent weeks archfyists from 
Washington, fo Belgrade have 
been combing their records for 
references 10- Waldheim and, 
foe Balkan ^ deportations: And 
yesterifey,/Dr Waidbdm was 
moved fo produce rfibis forhis 
good conduct in the. Balkans 
for the benefit of assembled . 
journalists in . Vienna- But still . 
the picture is undear.. s - - 

be gave foe less than ingenu- 
, ous reply that a full account of 
l-fuff. life would he too boring. 
And.heias since bedaX unable 
. to come up wifo any satisfec- 
tmy c explanation. Jet -alone' 
^.documentation, that - Would- 
riarily-bis 7 wartime activities. 

- Indeed, foe avmlable evidence 
si^gests that he concealed the 
feet that he had served in the 
Balkans. Such a lack of judge- 
ment is no. recommendation 
for a man who is putting 
himself forward for election as 
a statesman. • • ; • •" 

? What =» ^ (#ar* perhaps all 
that is dear, so fee, is.foat ft part 
of Dr Waldheim's- past is 
mi^iiig. The jap relates to a 
period when foe extent records 
show him to have been serving - 
in the BaUpaqs,’ a time and a 
place associated with some of 
the less savouryepisodes of the 
second world war. But the 
coincidence of these facts can- 
not in itself be held to damn 
the former UN Secretary Gen- 
eral. . -. ■ -. . 

: Where; he ^foessiand, con- 
demned is in his -apparent 
disregard of the problem until 
now.' Questioned about , the 
omission of foe' disputed pe- 
riod: from his autobiography. 

. . _;Thisoims&ionis particularly ; 
bnfbrrunaie,' however, for a 
map; whi} : would, represent 
.Austria an foe international 
5ta^. Many would feel that, 
while Germans — East and 
West — have gone a long way 
towards expiating the sins of 
their Nazi past, Austrians have 
maintained; a disturbing 
ambiguity towards their recent 
history. Austria needs a presi- 
dent whose integrity is beyond 
reproach. This is why it is so 
important that Dr Waldheim 
.should account for his conduct 
folly, even though it relates to 
a period'tnare than 40 years 
removed from the present. If 
he . cannot do so, he should 
stand- down: sot as-a -recog— | 
mtion of gupt, but for foe sate 
of his country. 


Too many loose ends are now 
hang in g out . of_ foe. Stock 
Exchange irajuky into dealings 
in Westland- -shares. Much 
bangs on its successful comple- 
tion and, in the end, it may yet 
be foe D epartm ent, of Trade 
and industry that .has tire task 
oflidying them up-. 

First, there is. foe reputation 
of the system of selfregulation 
practised by foe City of Lon- 
don, dements of which the 
Government is seeking to 
c any forward into 1 the new, 
inoce J competitive world of 
finance that will exist from this 
juttimm*. tesscats, .from this 
inquiry should inform foe 
argument surrounding foe 
Fufencud Seryites. Bill, as to 

stimulates most- political in- 
terest in the Stock Exchange 
inquiry, but it is tangential to 
-the main issues: The questions 
raised by "mystery buying” of 
Westland. shares for sums.way 
oyer foemarketprice touchon 
foe rules governing the^ stmg- 
^es for control of a wide 
variety of public co mpainies. 

- tiip pm p rx powci a w un 

fo foe ^edirities and lasrest’ 
rmttii Board. ' .. >■ .' 

Second, tiiere is foe questton 
of -nubiic confidence % foe 

ucuiavi mw -f 

and thua in foe credfofoty of 
the . vision ■ of ‘.“popular 
• eapitafism” nurtiired Tiy tM 
ftinfo Miiiister. And, third, 
comes foe peasefiil condufflon 
-of a drffete into the fiiture of; a 
small British manufeenmeg 
concern which has already 
driven two senior ministers, 
'.from the Cabinet. . _ 
l ; .Ir may he tire foat 

The Stock Exchange: report 

is not yet complete;. that, so far, 

■ is foe Department of Trade 
and Industry’s excuse for tak- 
ing no action,' The' Stock 

^change's evidence is. in- 

. complete; that is its excuse for 
delaying publication, and per- 
haps for publishing only an 
abridged report at foe .pad of 
foe day. But, as a, mhrinium, 
botir institutions have to make 
dear thdr- recpimheadatioiis 

- on certain key points. . • - 

r lf tbe- Stodc Excbange now 
.has; .any doubt' about foe 
adequacy.; of ousting ; rules 
requiring fajge sharfobltos to 
. offer the same price for all 
other* shares, it should clarify 
these immediately. The 
-present rules certainly ap- 
peared to allow trading; ' in 
' Westland shares to' be carried 
on .. in a way foat gossly 
d isqd vantaged . sma 11 
t shareholders; it : is. now up :to 
foe Stock Exchange to; amend . 

- of justify foese rufeSi ' ?./ 

A trickier problem for foe 
Stock Exchange is raised by foe 
question as to whether the 

- buying of shares at a. premium 
wasorchestrated by a “concert 

- parfy” of purcha^rs who took 
care lcr conceal their identity. 

;■ Such a . conspiracy would not 
be to bfaNifo.~Westiand 
arid its adyisers. which in the 
interests of ah shareholders 
have an .- obvious need - to 
establish foe truth, may get 
further in tbeir investigations 
than the Stock Exchange* 

• But neither can affoiti 1 to 
leave, the issue in doubt. The 
Stock Exchange should be 
-encouraged -to give full and 
-public answers: In the. past, it 
has bad the courage to publish 
SQ'mfe pretfy. pJain speaking. 

- Bui -it strips Hkdy a at : foe aid 
of Jhe:d^,^thal :foe Stock 
Exchange -wiH simply .-find 
itself short of cvideiKre. - • 

‘ The responsibility for in- 
vestigation-. '.win then -rest 
squarely cm the Department of 
Trade and Industry. It is, 
indeed, questionable whether 
the DTI : should not have 
begun -its own inquiries al- 
ready. The very least it can do 
is ' hold itself ready to act 
swiftly. The cause of self- 
regulation. will not .enhanced 
by a slow buck-pass from one 
authority to another. . .. 


Essential skills 
for jobs at top 

Action in the first instance 
must come from ■ the local 
education authorities. But the 
■Government’s priority is 
clearly to construct a teachers' 
contract,- the breach of which 
. will-. -be a an unambiguous 
anion,'. for whicb 'penalty wilT 
be exacted. There are . those 
who .will say now let the 
Government treat foe teachers 
as recalcitrant trade unionists 
and procure wholesale 
dismissals.- That is no option. 
There are thousands of school 
children, fourth-formers this 
year, who in September are 
due-to start GCSE courses. 

Sanity trading 

From Mrs Elizabeth Tonge 
Sir,' With the furore over the 

laws, why hare the Churches ; 
others stayed so sQent about the 
inoepsing secularization of Good 

Yours fiuthfbOy, 

33 Oancsrty Road, SW6. 
March 26. 

Motc» to Rome . 

From Mr Michad Wynne-Parker 
Sir, I am encouraged to read that 
his Holiness the Pope “expresses 
his fundamental doubts about the 
possibility of rational advances in 
the field of ecumenism", referred 
to by Mr Beckwith (March 25). 
Ecumenism is similar to utopian- 
ism and both, as popularly under- 
stood, have much to answer for. 
Both, in my view, are undesirable, 
unrealistic and dangerous. 

They are undesirable, as the 
outcome of both would d im i n is h 
individual development. 

They are unrealistic, as history 
shows that enforced collectivity 
quickly leads to further dissent 

They are dangerous, as their 
exponents, consumed with desire 
for One World or One Church,- 
come to regard dissenters as foes, 
to be reckoned with. 

Instead of continued preoccupa- 
tion with the ecumenical dream 
machine, let us develop apprecia- 
tion and respect for the genuine 
contributions of an traditions, 
learning to co-exist in harmony. 

It is surely in diversity, coupled 
with the recognition of the validity 
of another point of view, that the 
future of both State and Church — 
indeed civilization — lies. 

Yours faithfully. 


The Lodge, 

Saxhngham Thorpe, 


March 27. 

Seeking a road to school reform 

From fhe General Secretary of the 

From the Master qf St Catherine's 
College, Oxford 

-Sir, It was a. pity that a construc- 
tive series of articles on Whitehall 
should hare been rounded oflTby a 
confasing leading article (March 

I do not know whether "reform 
is now in reverse," but I am sure 
that the achievement of foe re- 
forms that are needed wfl] depend 
on a dearer understanding of the 
relationship today bet ween West- 
minster and Whitehall, and be- 
tween Ministers and Civil 
Servants, than foe article pro- 
vided. That relationship is at the 
bean of the difference between 
Whitehall and the private sector. 

It is difficult to judge whether 
the "boundary between politics 
and administration" can be re- 
drawn and' ."policed without . 
revolutionary changes" without 
knowing the details of what is 
proposed; but the essential test 
would be whether giving Ovfl 
Sarents "greater discretion to 
manage - the business of 
government" would significantly 
limit the accountability of Min- 
isters to Parliament or damage the 
mutual confidence between them 
and their officials. 

The critics of Whitehall fre- 
quently fail to take sufficient 
account of the environment of 
political pressures .and par- 
liamentary accountability within 
which government has to be 
conducted.- It is their mgpertise in 
managing government business 
within that environment which ' 
marks the particular value of 
senior Civil Servants to Ministers. 
A gross distortion of the Civil 
Servant’s role is implied in the 
observation: “Westland glorified 
not the Gvfl Servant as manag er 
but tire official as fixer." The Ovfl 
Savant, in partnership with Min- 
isters, is a manager of policies and 
their implement a tion as well as a 
mager of money and staffs. 
Reforms in the management of 
government business are certainly 
needed, and importing more good . 
specahsts into Whitehall could 
help to achieve them. But the 
spatial contribution of those com- 
ing fresh to Whitehall will need to 
be compfemaned by the experi- 
ence and skills of senior Qvil 
Servants if Ministers are to carry 
through effectively the agenda for 
action you envisage "for the sake 
of programmes and policies." 

Yours faithfully, 


St Catherine's College, 


March 2& 

lory i 

National Association of Head 

Return of Eros 

From Mr Derrick L Bowler 
Sir, Whilst admiring the newly 
refurbished figure of Eros in 
Piccadilly Circus ! was concerned 
to observe that the leg on which he 
is poised appeared to be slightly 
out of the perpendicular. I won- 
dered whether this was 

(a) a-naiura! position for a body to 
assume when aiming an arrow 

| whilst poised von- one; teg and 
therefore part of the artistic merit 
of foe piece, - 

(b) a slight error by those respon- 
sible fonbe refurbishment and re- 
instatement of the statue. 

(c) a necessary “bias" to overcome 
a structural problem associated 
with foe distribution of the weight 
of the statue. ~ 

1 would be interested to hear 
from those of your readers quaii- 
; fied to comment 
Yours sincerely, 


82B Windmill Lane, 

Green ford. 


March 25, 

Sir. The article by Ronald Bun on 
March 27. under the heading 
"Why Sir Keith should go now", 
reveals a disappointing shallow- 
ness of thinking on foe pan of such 
a distinguished journalist There 
can be no doubt that there is a 
need for a fundamental reform in 
foe education system but the 
proposals outlined by Ronald Butt 
are almost totally irrelevant to foe 
major issues which the Govern- 
ment resolutely refuses to tackle. 

I agree that there is far too much 
bureaucracy in the maintained 
education system and there can be 
no .doubt that we need to give a 
good deal more power and 
responsibility to the schools them- 
selves. However, to take as one's 
model either the voluntary-aided 
sector or the independent sector as 
the answer to ail our ills is to 
deceive foe parents and ail others 
who are rightly concerned about 
their children's education. 

Ronald Bun believes that be- 
cause there is a high percentage of 
voluntary-aided schools at the top 
of the ILEA "league table" on 
examination results, then that 
proves that this must be the case 
throughout the country. 

He then goes on to argue that 
foe Government must preserve 
grammar school standards and 
copy foe independent sector by 
various proposals, including a 
voucher system and an expansion 
of the voluntary aided sector. He 
even introduces the concept of 
'schools fixing their own teachcrs’ 
pay, which would be foe greatest 
recipe for chaos. 

The Government might believe 
it to be politically astute to follow 

school/direct grant school system, 
best way in which this 

The best way in whicr 
Government can demonstrate 
that it intends to "start on the 
fundamental reform of education" 
(to quote Ronald Butt) and to 
answer the understandable wor- 
ries held by parents and others 
about foe education system is to 
urgently reform the provision for 
foe 14—19 age group and to 
produce a coherent policy on 
education and training for all. 

It really is time that we started 
to take a leaf out of the book ofour 
major industrial competitors and 
began to produce a well educated 
and well trained cohort of young 
people so that we can make the 
earliest possible Stan on narrow- 
ing the gap that so patently exists 
between us and other 
industrialised nations. 

Such a policy, when im- 
plemented by a new department of 
education and training, would 
rightly consign the son of ideas set 
out in Ronald Butt's article to 
oblivion which is. quite frankly, 
where they belong 
Yours faithfolly, 


General Secretary, 

The National Association of Head 
Teachers. . 

Holly House. 

6 PaddockhaU Road. 

Haywards Heath, 

West Sussex. 

March 27. 

Trial by jury 

From Mr J. T. Gladysz 
Sir, I feel that foe validity of 
Bernard Levin's arguments in 
today's issue of The Times (March 
28) deserves to be questioned. 

Even foe best of legal systems 
cannot stand still, while signifi- 
cant changes occur in foe society's 
behaviour. I do not think' Mr 
Levin would quarrel with' the ' 
premise that a considerable in- 
crease in violent crimes calls for 
more efficient, if not stronger, 

The purpose of a trial by jury 
was originally dictated by a need 
for impartiality, at foe time when 
judges were not entirely free of 
political influences. The reason for 
such assurance has long since 
disappeared with- foe establish- 
ment of a complete independence,; 
of foe judiciary. ' ' . 

Moreover, is most cases or- 
dinary, ci tiz e n s are unable to 
understand a . modern trial,' with -' 
all its nuances and legal technicali- 

ties, and are somewhat lost in 
distinguishing between valid and 
improvised evidence. 

They are also more susceptible 
to theatrical performances by 
some prosecutors and defenders. 
But if they are to rely only on foe 
•judge's summing up and are to act 
accordingly, then they really de- 
feat the purpose of foeir own 
existance-Add to it foe parody of 
jury challenges; and it is clear that 
the whole jury system should be 
abolished as outdated. 

There is a lot to be said for a trial 
by a judge with two assessors, all 
of them trained lawyers, and a 
majority verdict, as in some 
continental countries. There are 
equally sound arguments for an 
investigating judge, in serious 
crimes, who would not only ease 
the task .of foe. police' but would 
also ensure foe rights of a suspect. 
Yours faithfully, 

J. T. GLADYSZ. ..... - 

'45 Fontaine Road, SW16. 

March 28. ' 

Hospital pressures 

From Dr R. L. Bown 
Sir, Your correspondent, Mr Mau- 
rice Sutton (March 21), ascribes 
foe current financial inadequacies 
of the NHS to consultant over- 
spending on- high-tech equipment. 

- but nothing can be further from 
the truth in most district general . 

hospitals. . - 

. Last week the consultants here 
spent some hours agonising over, 
the current state of 1 2-year-old 
operating theatre tables which are 
falling apart The repair of each 
costs £4,000 and replacement 
some £8,000, and there is money 
for neither. This is not high-tech 
medicine but merely foe basic 
tools of foe trade! 

The main factor causing foe 
overspend of the NHS is foe 
ability of modern medicine to 
treat conditions hitherto unbeat- 
able, albeit expensively. Antibiot- 
ics -for patients with cystic fibrosis 
for instance, which was previously - 
fatal, add upwards of £50,000 to 
our yearly budget and this is not 
financed. Similarly, road traffic 
accident patients with multiple - 
fractures and bead injuries can be 
kept alive where previously they 
would have died. 

Overwhelmingly, however, foe 

aged need more treatment, both 
individually and in entirety, and 
in foe last two weeks I have sent 
patients of 80-plus for pacemaker 
insertion and a 76-year-old for a 
heart operation which would not 
have been thought possible even 
five years ago. 

Unfortunately, the methods ad- 
- vocated -by the Griffiths report, 
whilst applicable to commerce 
involved in a profit and loss 
situation, do not extrapolate to the 
NHS, where foe service must be 
kept going irrespective of financial 
considerations. They have merely 
caused the sacking of our district 
authority chairman, the 
“resignation*' of our district gen- 
eral manager and an inability to 
find consultant members willing 
to take on chairmanship of the 
consultant staff committee or 
membership of foe district 
management team. 

Consequent lack of morale 
amongst staff is now being re- 
flected in a fall in foe number of 
patients that we are able to treat. 
Yours faithfully, 

R. L. BOWN. 

Frimley Park Hospital, ' 
Portsmouth Road, 



March 25. 

Sirte recalled 

From Sir James Cable 
Sir, History is nowadays out of 
fashion, but a smattering does 
make international relations eas- 
ier to understand. David Watts 
would have been less puzzled (his 
article in The Times of Good 
Friday) by the action of the Sixth 
Fleet against Libya if be had 
remembered what every Ameri- 
can schoolboy used to know. 

One of the many exceptions to 
his strange choice of 1917 as foe 

year “when foe US first came on 
to the world stage" was foe 
campaign of 1803—4 which the 
United States Navy conducted 
against one of Colonel Gadaffi's 
predecessors — Yusuf Karamanli, 
Bashaw of Tripoli- The American 
grievance then was much foe 
same: Tripoli wasa nest of pirates. 

Yourt faithfully. 
8 Essex Close. 
March 21 

Signals to the East 

From the Head of the News 
Department. Foreign and 
Commonwealth Office 
Sir, There is no doubt that the 
need to use foe BBC Russian 
Service is as great as it has ever 
been and I gladly join The Times 
in congratulating foe BBC on its 
40th anniversary. However, l 
should like to fake issue, with a 
couple of points in your editorial. 
“For listeners in foe East" (March 
24)..' • ' 

It may be a familiar misconcep- 
tion but it is simply not true to 
suggest that Bush House has 
appeared regularly at foe top of a 
Foreign ana Commonwealth Of- 
fice cost-cutting list. In foe last six 
years there has been a real increase 
of over 30 per cent in the total 
grants-in-aid to external services, 
including a real increase of about 

from 711 vs to 727 1 /* hours per 
week during this lime, foe Russian 
service in particular rising from 
34*4 to 46 hours per week. By 
comparison, the Diplomatic 
Service's own financial resources, 
excluding aid. have fallen by some 
4 per cent in real terms over the 
last five years, while the overseas 
■ commitments and responsibilities 
- of foe FCO have increased: This 
has inevitably led to the closure of 
a number of our overseas posts. 

Jamming is a major problem for 
foe Russian service. We regularly 
raise it with the Soviet Govern- 
ment bilaterally (at ministerial 
and official level) and in multi- 
lateral fora. One element of foe 
present £l00mi!lion capital pro- 
imme for increased audibility 
foe external services involves 

boosting our signals to foe USSR, 

20 per cent in the aliocatiu'for 

current expenditure on 

Broadcasting levels have risen 

Yours faithfully. 

C. J. R. MEYER. 

News Department. - 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Office. SWi. 

March 25. • 

the lines laid down in the article 
but we are entitled to expect better 
from this Government and ! 
doubt if it would be quite so 
politically naive as to interpret foe 
concern about education policy 
highlighted by foe opinion polls as 
meaning that foe public aches for a 
return to the grammar 

APRIL 4 1913 

On February 19, 1913 a 71b bomb 
exploded in the house of Lloyd 
George at Walton Heath while he 
uw in the South of France. He 
was then Chancellor of the 

Exchequer. Mn Emmeline 
Pankhurst 0858-1928), the 

militant leader for women y 
e, accepted responsibility 

suffrage, , , 

for the act. She was imprisoned in 
Holloway jail and went on a 
hunger strike. After 12 months she 
was released, and then re-arrested 
12 times under the notorious "Cat 
and Mouse Act The outbreak of 
war in 1914 ended suffrage 
agitation and prison sentences 
were remitted. 


A Disorderly Scene In Court 
The trial of Mrs. Pankhurst on 
the charge of inciting certain 
persons unknown to place an 
explosive in a building at Walton, 
Surrey, with intent to destroy or 
damage it, was concluded at the 
Central Criminal Court yesterday. 
Mrs Pankhurst, who conducted her 
own defence, was found Guilty. 
with a strong recommendation to 
mercy, and Mr Justice Lush sen- 
tenced her to three years’ penal 
servitude. She had previously de- 
clared her intention to resist 
strenuously the prison treatment 
until she was released. 

A scene of uproar followed the 
passing of the sentence. A number 
of women repeatedly shouted 
“Shame," and in the excitement 
which followed the voices of male 
sympathizers joined in the demon- 
stration. There were ironical 
cheers, and a woman’s voice struck 
up “For he's a jolly good fellow." 
Mr Justice Lush uttered an indig- 
nant protest against such behav- 
iour and warned the demonstrators 
that, unless the disorder ceased, he 
should have the Court cleared. 
This rebuke, however, fell on deaf 
ears, and the police, amid contin- 
ued uproar and the singing of the 
"Marseillaise." removed those re- 
sponsible for the disorder. Mrs. 
Pankhurst, who had meanwhile 
stood calmly in foe dock gathering 
up her papers, was vociferously 
cheered on leaving the Court for 
foe cells. It was some time before 
quiet was restored, and foe Judge 
warned those who made the dem- 
onstration foat unless they desist- 
ed he should commit them to 
prison . . . 

Mrs. Pankhurst’s Speech. 
Mrs. Pankhurst said she did not 
desire to give evidence or call 
witnesses, but she addressed the 
jury in her defence . . 

She had pleaded “Not guilty" to 
the indictment because in it she 
was described as having "wickedly 
and maliciously incited" women to 
do certain acts. She was not a 
wicked or a malicious person- 
nel ther were any of foe women who 
responded— if they did respood-^to 
ha- incitement. Therefore she felt 
herself justified, although abe ac- 
cepted responsibility for all the 
speeches she had made, in saying 
that, looking at what she bad done 
she was not guilty of having 
"wickedly and maliciously" incited 
women to break the law. It waa a 
very serious thing when a large 
number of quite respectable, ordi- 
nary. and naturally law-abiding 
people of upright lives came to hold 
the law in contempt. All good 
government rested on the accep- 
tance of foe law and respect for the 
law, and women of intelligence, 
training, and upright lives had for 
many years past ceased to respect 
the laws of this country . . . 

Mrs. Pankhurst, proceeding, 
said that whether the sentence was 
long or short, she should not 
submit to it. The moment abe left 
the Court— if she were sent to 
prison, whether to penal servitude 
or to a mild form of imprison- 
ment— she would quite deliberately 
refuse to eat food. She would join 
the women in Holloway who were 
already on “hunger strike.” She 
would come out of prison— dead or 
alive— at the' earliest possible mo- 
ment. and once out, as soon as She 
was physically fit, she would enter 
into the fight again. Life was very 
dear to them all She did not want 
to commit suicide. She wanted to 
see the women of tins country 
enfranchised and to live until that 
was done. They offered themselves 
as sacrifices, as their forefathers 
did in the past- Had the jury foe 
right to- condemn another human 
being to death?— because that was 
what it amounted to. Could foey 
throw the first stone? Had they the 
right to judge women? The horrible 
evils ravaging civilization would 
never be remedied until women got 
foe vote. 

“Hunger Strike" 

Mia. Pankhurst said that what- 
ever sentence was passed upon her 
she would do afl that was humanely 
possible to terminate it at the 
earliest possible moment. She had 
no sense of guilt. She felt she was 
doing her duty. She would take foe 
desperate remedy foat other wom- 
en had taken. The struggle would 
be a very unequal one. but she 
should make it as long as she had 
an inch of strength left in her. She 
would fight, and fight, and fight 
from' foe moment she entered foe 
prison. She would struggle against 
overwhelming odds, and she would 
resist the doctors .. . 

Of shoes and ships!.. 

From Mr Pat Adams 
Sir. Surely A.P.Herbert said it all 
in his lines on the President of the 
Board of Trade: 

This high official, all allow, 

Is grossly overpaid 
There was 

_ wasn 7 any Board; and now 

There isn 7 any trade. ■ 

Yours faithfully. 


Savage Club, 

9 Fitzmaurice Place, 

Berkeley Square, Wl. 

March 31. 

































-•T— - • i<f-- 



April 3: The Prince Andrew left 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
morning for Nassau, the Ba- 




Square Theatre where Her 
Royal Highness was received by 
Ihe'Lord Mayor of Westminster 
(Councillor ftoger Bramble). 

Mrs Malcolm Wallace was in 

April 3: The Prince of Wales. 
Duke of Cornwall, arrived at 

Lesson in classic economics 

hamas where Hu Royal I High- j>e nzanre Suiion in Royal 
ness will attend a cfomcr/danee Train , his moniing . 
in aid or the Gordonsloun The Prince of Wales. Duke of 
American Foundation. Cornwall, then travelled in an 

W»n». Commander Adam aircraft of The Queen's Flight to 
**, ,n attendance. visit the Isles ofScilly where His 

H » 1 Roval Highness inaugurated the 
bian Ambassador and Madame Ma ‘ ins Electricity Supplv for the 
Almanqour. His. Excellency the off-lslands of the Isles or Scilly. 

High Commissioner for the . _ _. ... . 

Republic of Zambia and Mrs 1 

Zuie. the Secretary of State for 

Northern Ireland and Mrs King, visited Royal 

Sir David and Lady Willcocks. Tuning Certue. 

Professor Sir Geoffrey and Lady w ^ ! ^, Lan 5^j! 1 “ > " SS; 

Allen. Miss Elizabeth Chester- and later 

ton and Mr and Mrs Chris- T ew S ^"t *“ 

topher McMahon have arrived lo "-, i^in 

at Windsor Castle. Mra Michael Harvey was in 

i-nmmmrl n C The. Onivn attendance. 

in aid of the Gordonsloun 
American Foundation. 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise is in attendance. 

His Excellency the Saudi Ara- 
bian Ambassador and Madame 
Almanqour. His Excellency the 
High Commissioner for the 
Republic of Zambia and Mrs 
Zuze, the Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland and Mrs King. 
Sir David and Lady Willcocks. 
Professor Sir Geoffrey and Lady 
Allen. Miss Elizabeth Chester- 
ton and Mr and Mrs Chris- 
topher McMahon have arrived 
at Windsor Castle. 

By command of The Queen, 
Lieutenant-General Sir John 
Richards (Marshal of the Dip- 
lomatic Corps) this morning 
called upon His Excellency the 
Hon J. V. Cruz and Madame 
Cruz at 9 Palace Green. W8 in 
order to bid farewell to His 
Excellency upon relinquishing 
his appointment as Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary from the Philippines 
to the Court of St James's. 

April 3: The Princess Anne, Mrs 
Mark Phillips this evening at- 
tended the premiere of the film 
Absolute Beginners, in celebra- 
tion of the City of Westminster's 
400 years, at the Leicester 

Birthdays today 

Mr Peter Attenborough. 48; Sir 
John Beith. 72; the Right Rev 
D.S. Cross. 58; Brigadier Anne 
Field. 60; Mr John Fleming. 56; 
Mr Trevor Griffiths. 51; Eari 
Jeliicoe. 68: Colonel B.M. Knox. 
70: Viscount Leathers. 78; the 
Marques de Santa Cruz, 84. 

Judges retire 

Judge Abdela. QC retired from 
the Circuit Bench on the South- 
eastern Circuit on April 2, and 
Judge Davison retired from the 
Circuit Bench on the Midland 
and Oxford Circuit on April 1. 

In his presidential address to 
the Classical Association of 
Scotland and England in Glas- 
gow, Sir Nicholas Goodison, 
chairman of the Stock Ex- 
change, scolded the British 
educational system for its 
attitude towards industry. 

He asked whether enough is 
done in schools and universi- 
ties to equip students of the 
humanities for life In a strug- 
gling economy, ft was a ques- 
tion expecting the answer no. 
And It got it 

Sir Nicholas was saddened 
that the cultural tradition in 

By Philip Howard 

industrial management and 
engineering should be held in 
such low esteem by young 

Britain could not succeed 
and prosper he said, unless 
the brightest and best were 
involved in industry. He had 
many suggestions to improve 
attitudes, including making 
business studies an important 
a part of the humanities 
curriculum, industrial case 
studies replacing cadet corps 
Geld days and a basic business 
course for everybody. 

Sir Nicholas may not have 

ish classicist university; and 
that among our industrial 
competitors the French, the 

Sir Peter Pears, CBE, the 

Germans, aid even the Japa-. singer and one of the founders 
nese, teach the classics finite of the Aldeburgh Festival, 

as rigorously as we do. 

Professor Fergus Miliar, of 
Oxford, gave an interesting 
new perspective to the politics 
of Rome in the late Republic. 

The traditional model was 
that a stable oligarchic system 
was destabilized by eruptions 
of mob violence. 

Professor MiQar demon- 
strated, with dose scholar- 
ship, that Rome towards the 

Britain was strongly biased the benefits of beating their 
against trade and industry. He paradigms to portfolios. But 

persuaded all his audience of end of the Republic was notan 
the benefits of beating their oligarchy or an aristrocacy. 

In the country of Watt and uot done badly in the City with 
Brunei it was incredible that a classics degree from a good- 

uor quite a democracy, but 
populist crowd politics kept 
power and its benefits with the 
masses — provided, of course, 
that the masses were male 



Celebrated tenor of Britten operas 

Somehow, tociw spite of an 
appallingly heavy schedule 
during the festival he man- 
aged to be a generous and 
delightful host ta visiting 
artists. . _ 

•j'he universities Oi YOnC* 
Sussex, Cambridge and Edin- 
burgh conferred honorary de- 
grees upon him. 

When Britten became seri- 
ously ill at the beginning ^ ■ 
the 1970s. Fean starte d to give 
recitals with other accompa- 
nists, notably the harpist 
Osian Ellis and the pao*t 
Murray Ferahia, . and tirese 
associations continued alter 
Britten's death. ' i 

So. too. did Pears’s connec- 
tion with the Akteburgh Festi- 
val as director and as 

Dwire tine hmwi in FdrAhAm ^ ~ ^ Va, V w J 

Princess Michael of Kent wxft 
open the annual conference of 
the International Federation of 
Airline Pilots at the Cumber- 
land Hotel on April 10. 

The King and Queen of Spain 
will pay a state visit from April 
22 to 25 and will stay at Windsor 

A memorial service for Vis- 
count Knutsford will be held at 
St John the Baptist, Aldenham, 
today at 2.30pm, 

A memorial service for Mr R.L. 
Howland will be held in the 
Chapel of St John's College, 
Cambridge, at noon, on Sat- 
urday. May 3, 1 986. 

Marine Society 

A bicentenary commemorative 
service will be held al 5pm. on 
Tuesday, June 10. in West- 
minster Abbey, for Jonas 
Hanway (1712-1786). founder 
of the Marine Society. The 
address will be given by Admiral 
of the Fleet Lord Lewin. In- 
quiries should be addressed to 
the secretary at 202 Lambeth 
Road. London, SE1. 

The 214th annual court of the 
Marine Society will be held at 
3pm on Thursday. May 8. at the 
Mansion House. Viscount 
R unci man of Doxford. presi- 
dent, will be in the chair. 

Lord Andrew Hay 
and Miss R.M- Booth 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew Arthur 
George, son of the late Marquess 
of Tweed dale and the Mar- 
chioness of Tweeddale, Tweed- 
dale House, Gifford, East 
Lothian, and Rosanna Meryl 
daughter of Mr John Booth, 
Darver Castle. Dundalk, CO 
Louth, and of Mrs Thomas 
Long, Martinstown House, The 
Curragh, Co Kildare. 

Mr R.W. Telling 
and Miss F.MJn. O'Connell 
The engagement is announced 
between Roy. only son of the 
late Mr W. Telling and of Mis 
E.F. Telling, of Wolver- 
hampton, and Frances, eldest 
daughter of Sir Morgan and 
Lady O’Connell of Lake view 
House, Killarney, Co Kerry. 

Mr S.L.W. Beard 
and Miss C Siabbert 
The engagement is announced 
between Si mon. eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs J.W. Beard, of South 
Yeo, Yeo Vale, Bideford. North 
Devon, and Carol, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.C. 
Slabbcn. of Johannesburg, 
South Africa. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr D J. Douetil Mr RJT. 

and Miss AX. WiB hn as on and Mis 
The engagement is announced The eng 
between Dane Jonathan, eldest between 

Mr RJ. Pickett 

and Miss A.C. Roscoe 

The engagement is announced 

between Robert, dder son of the 

son of Mr and Mrs Dane late Mr P.A. Pickett and Mrs 
Douetil, Busbridge Lakes p.R. Pickett, of Chandlers Ford, 

House, Godaiming, and Hampshire, and Andrea, only 
Antonia Clare, youngest daugh- daughter of the late Mr ELF. 
ter of Mr and Mrs Donald Roscoe and Mm R.W.G. von 
Williamson, 14 Park Crescent, Suppiny Roscoe, of Vicarage 
Twickenham. Drive, East Sheen, London. 

IVljr P frost 

and Miss J.C. Rodbome Mr AJC.V. Roberts 

Drive,. East Sheen, London. 
Mr AXLV. Roberts 

The engagement is announced J? 4 MSss C-M * ^ ea . 

between Paul elder son of Mr J®* engagement is announced 
and Mrs G. Frost, of Bessacarr, between Alan, son of Dr and 
Doncaster, and Joanna, younger Roberts, of Whites 

daughter of Mr and Mrs J.S. 
Rodhouse, of St Helier, Jersey. 
Mr R_A. Graham 
and Miss C-JX. Taylor 
The engagement is announced 
between Angus Graham, of 26 
Soane Gardens, London, SWI. 

HliL Siock, Essex, and Caroline, 
daughter of Mrs Julia Shea, of 

Dr CXJL Sindafa- 
aud Mbs M J. Cnttjar 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, elder son 

a^Oar^ you™ daughter cj ^ N^ EjTTj^) 

Mr and Mrs Cecil Tarim; of Sinclair and of MrsEX. Sin- 
Wickens. Sea view. Isle orWighL dbSr% of The Oroft. Sutton 
Mr N.P.W. Hobday Courtenay, Oxfordshire, and 

Mr NF.W. Hobday 
and Miss T. Walker 
The engagement is announced 
between NeiL younger son of Mr 

died suddenly yesterday at 
The Red House, the home in 
Aldeburgh he shared for three 
decades with Benjamin Brit- 
ten. He was 75. 

Pears's tenor voice was 
unique. Opinions may have 
been divided about the quality 
of the sound but there can be 
no disputing his prodigious 
technical accomplishment. 

He never ceased to study. At 
one point in his career, hav- 
ing, through overwork, devel- 
oped an excessive vibrato, he 
completely revised his tech- 
nique and emerged a finer 
singer than ever. 

Pears was boro in Farnham 
on June 22, 1910, the son of 
Arthur and Jessie Pears. He 
was educated at Lancing Col- 
lege and, in 1928, spent a year 
as a temporary organist of 
Hertford College, Orford, ftrf- 
I lowed by four years as Direc- 
tor of Muscat Grange School 
Crowborough. From there he 
won a scholarship to the Royal 
College of Music where he 
spent two terms in 1933-34. 

He gained his early experi- 
ence as a professional singer 
with the BBC Singers, the New 
English Singers, and in the 
chorus at Glyndeboume. In 
the years immediately before 
the Second World War be was 
already emerging as one of the 
most gifted young soloists in 
the country. 

In 1939 P&ns began to give 
recitals with Benjamin Brit- 
ten, initiating a musical part- 
nership which continued until 
Britten's death in 1976. Their 
performance of the Schubert 
song-cycles in particular be- 
came celebrated throughout 
Western Europe as well as in 

Peter Pears as Peter Grimes performer, botb his 70th and 
In 1973. 75th birthdays were w aited 

its arrangement into suitable by days o 
forms for musical setting. suffered 5* jS^ST 

Between the years 1943 and ties and ctose oof to sing ; m 
1945 he was a member of the public 
Sadlers Weils Opera Com pa- point his voice bad be^t 
nv where he performed, in a remarkably preserved, 
great variety of operas, indud- _ Theop^ge«j|^j^P; 

mg a notable Cost Jon tutte Britten sj**™®* 
and the first performance of written to orae jffist, tow 
Britten's Peter Grimes in sensitive, thongbrfW and agfle 
iQ4c his artistry f wnainff di . 

Later he was a memorable From the mid-19 70s oti - 
Tamino in The Magic Fhae wards, however, to tmreat- 

and a fine Captain Vere in 
Billy Budd, both at Covent 
Garden. He was, too, an 
inspired Evangelist in the 
Passions of Bach and Schtitz. 

ingjy gave his attention 1b 
projects at Aldeburgh, tot 
only the festival but alsofoe 
Briaen/Peare Library, estab- 
lished to house manuscripts, 

In 1948, together with Brit- documents and printed mate- 
ten and Eric Crazier, he was rial relat^to mtten, and the 
co-founder of the Aldeburgh Bntien/Pears School often rfg 
Festival This, and the English courses in various practical 
Opera Group, which devel- and musicotogical sutyects fo 
oped from the festival be- advanced stu dents . ‘ 

came a focal point for his Here, in masux classes. Be 

Maria Jose, younger daughter of America and Russia. 
Mr and Mrs J.P. Cutajar, of But the relationshi 
Rosebank, St Andrews, Malta, nraductive far bev 

between Neil younger son otMr Rosebank, st Andrews, Malta, 
and Mrs J.HN. Hobday, of The marriage will take place in 
Clune House, Newtonmore, Malta in July. 

Inverness-shire, and Taman, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mis 
J.B. Walker, of Cragston, 
Stewanon, Ayrshire. 

Mr P.E. Bearn waiter, oi uagsion, 

and Dr V.M. Carroll Stewanon, Ayrshire. 

The engagement is announced Mr JJPJL Knight 
between Philip, son of Mr and Miss SX. Hargreaves 
Michael Beam, of Lewes. Sus- The engagement is announced 
sex. and Mrs Margaret Beam, of between Ashley, elder son of Mr 
Seaford. Sussex, and Viiginia, J.R. Knigbl of Gloucestershire, 

Cranwell graduation 

Air Vice-Marshal D.B. Leach. 
Director General Security, was 
the reviewing officer when 1 10 
officers of No 91 Initial Officer 
Training Course graduated from 
the Royal Air Force College 
Cranwell on March 27; 

General Dunes Branch < pilot): 

FlHjhi lieutenant E A C ElUotl MAi 
Flying Officers J C Botlomiey. BSc. A 
J Brass. SEnp. A P GzfflU. BA. P B 
Irvine. BSc. O M H Jacobs. BSc. D K 
Keays. BA. A T Norton. BSc. A 
Malthevn. BA. I J Peny. BSc. M D 
Physic k. BSc. S C Williams. BSc. M J 
Wlniermeyer. BSC. R K Woodland. 
BSc: Pilot Officers T Benninotoo. BSc. 
R M Crowder. G J Griffiths. BSc. M D 
Hawkins. BSc. S M Kelly. BA. D P 
Mortis. BSC. T R O-Dwytr-Mc. M J 
Spaflht. BSC. T A Stout. BSc. A J 
Tnoriniiton, BSc; Acttno Pilot Officers 
A C BaHanbme. K P Bazeley. P J 
BofferUl. TS Butler. CD da Suva: TP 
T Elven. D J HaaeU. J A JureUC. W A 
W James. B E Kennish. M T LaUey. A 
C Martin. R 1 D Mavor. I J M 
MacFarlane. M D Rainier. S R Sharpe. 
D T Stanfield. J A Tennanx. HMD 
Weeks. N D wrtgtu. 

General Dulles Brandi mavlvaiori; 
Flytno Officers S B Arntoury. BSc, N 
Simmon. BSc: Pilot Officer; P N 
Burnell. BTech. S R Clarke. BSc. A N 
Lee. BSc. M C NeirUJe. BSc: Acting 
Pilot Officers A M Sevan. C w 
Burman. T D Flint. R J HoweU. B W 
Malone. R Noel. P A Thorpe. 
General Dulles Branch lair electronics 

FTyrng^ Officer A Russell. 

General Duties Branch iatr engineerr. 
Flying Officer G L FalrhursL 
General Dulles Brandi I wound) - 
fighter control: „ 

Flying OfOcerj a J Undmv. BA. C 
Scon. PUot Officers L J Charles. IBA. 
WRAF. C H Dalhan. BA. C J FlndJay. 
BSc. S J Murgatroyd. BA. WRAF. C S 
Pollard. BSc. 

General Duties Branch i ground) - air 

traffic control: 

Pilot Officers A M Brown. BSc. G J 
Jeffs. BA. B A Hamilton. BEd. WRAF. 
A E Wycherley. BSc. WRAF. 

second daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Michael Carroll of London, 

Mr M.V. Cardfile 
and Miss P J. Guun 

son of Mr and Mrs D.P. 
Dorward, of St Andrews. Scot- 

Frylng omews m c McCann, b c The engagement is announced 

Morgan. M A Penlon. WRAF: Pilot hels.'een Mark Vniepv elder enn 
Officer S J wuson. BSc: Acting PUot Detween Marx vgjsey. ei«r son 
officer s d Daimon. of the Rev A.M. and Mrs 

Administrative Branch (secretarial): /"arrlnle nfOnvi and Philinm 

ruing officers m a Bowman, d p varoaie, oi uoreet. ana rnmppa 

Mackenzie. Pilot Officers S J PoweU. Jane, younger dauchter of Cbm- 
BA. WRAF. J Smith. BA. WRAF. . ,1 , M ■- I .r 

Administrative Branch leducmoni: mander and Mrs SJ. Gunn, of 

Flkihl Lleuienanl C J Bresiin. BSc; Wvlve. Wiltshire. 

Flying Offtcers D G Hebties. BEd. A A 
Kerr. BEd. WRAF. 

Administrative Branch (physical Mr A. DonWd 
piic^ofrlceis a J coigan. BEu. s j and Miss A- Joyce 

A marriage has been been 
riying officers c r Brake. BSc. N f arranged, and will take place on 
SuSTwiot^icS- c D*a^wnf Sc: July 26, between Andrew, elder 
Security Branch iProvosti: son of Mr and Mrs D.P. 

K’iSUSTa f 42i Arde " ne ‘ Dorward, of St Andrews, Scot- 

phoT 2 nd tieuienanis a Bakar. m land, and Andrea, daughter of 
M fib Fan. Mr and Mrs J-G.M. Joyce, of 

Pilot: pilot omcer z ai siyabi. Ballaig,. Comne, Perthshire, 

Ground Defence- Squadron Leader J Scotland. 

Al Mukhetnl: night Lieutenants S Al 
HMrl. R Al Hamdam. ■■ 

Air Movemenu: PUot Officer S Al 

OsuTemM Ak Foma Kfiblfi CollCgC 

^^LpumantsGAlShahwanL. Jhe Waltfcn and pdlows of 

Keble College invite old mem- 

Swi^^W(*mSl Acting Pllol Officer A *IS ihcir femilies lo a 

c Batiaiuyne. _ garden party to be held on 

Pl,w omcer J Saturday. May 3 1, 1986 (Eights 

EZESSi TEESf i K5,S ,, %SS 00 S Week). Admission wiU be by 
ba” Officer num bered ticket only and 

™ appheations should be made to 

Overseas Students Prize: PlkH Officer the bursar. 

and Mrs S. Knight, of Geneva, 
and Sarah, dder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs R. Hargreaves, of 
Canterbury, Kent. 

Mr IJL Malnmld 
and Miss CA. PUlmer 

The engagement is announced engagement is announced 
between Mark Vaisey. elder son IaD JuUailf ^ of Mr 

of the Rev A.M. and Mre Ju lian Makowski, of Le Villarxl 
Cardale, of Dorset, and Phthppa Provence, France, andMrsEi- 
Jane, youn«r dau^iterofCom- ^ MakowsJd, of Canberra, 
mander and Mrs SJ. Gunn, of Austra ij^ and Caroline Ann, 
Wylye. Wiltshire. younger daughter ofMr and Mis 

hit- a n » Christopher Palmer, of Pyrfbrd, 

Mr A. Dorward C^nstopber . 

and Miss A. Joyce “ry- „ . 

A marriage has been been 
arranged, and will take place on 

and Miss Wigmore 

July 26, between Andrew, dder £he engagenient is announced 

between Alistair, youngest son 
of Mr and Mrs J. Morris, of 

land, and Andrea, daughter of *-7?"? St Amies, Lancashire. 
Mr and Mrs J.G.M. Joyce, of and Alirom only daughter of Mr 
Ballaig,. Comrie. Perthshire. ^ Wigmore. of St 


Keble College 

Sash of Merit; Pit 
Hennessy Trophy 

Hennessy Trophy and Philip Sassoon 
Memorial Prtre: Flying Officer A 
Matthews. BA. 

British Al rtrafl Corporation Trophy: 
Action Pllol Officer D J Hazell. 
Overseas Students Prize: PlkH Officer 

Overseas Students Pr 
H Al Thanl. QEAF. 

Science report 

Artificial artery stands up to tests 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

An artificial blood vessel has 
withstood the physiological 
pressures of a human artery in 
laboratory tests. Like the cells of 
the innermost lining of natural 
ones, the man-made variety 
secretes substances _ such as 
prostacyclin and Willebrand's 
factor when blood is recirculated 
through it. 

The synthetic type has many 
characteristics of die arteries 
supplying muscles with blood. It 
was made by Crispin Weinberg 
and Eugene Bell in the de part- 

component of white connective 
parts of the body. 

That platform was then used 
to grow a layer of the endothelial 
type of cells, which line the 
innermost part of blood vessels 
and chambers of the heart. 
When the biologists found that 
the cells flourished under those 
conditions, they constructed 
tubes of the Dacron-collagen 
mesh lined with living smooth 
muscle and endothelial cells. 

In the small dr dilatory sys- 
tem designed to mimic the blood 

Andrews, Fife. 


Blacksmiths' Company 
The Prime Warden of the 
Blacksmiths' Company, Wing 
Commander V.S.W. Smyth, 
presided at a court luncfaeon 
held at Innholders' Hall yes- 
terday for members of the court. 
Mr P.N.G- Rayner. Renter War- 
den. Mr A.W. Pennington, 
Third Warden, and Mr F-A. 
Jackman, Fourth Warden, were 
also present 

The company was presented 
with the gift of a silver loving 
cup by Mr Anthony Stevens. 
Butchers* Company 
The Master of the Butchers* 
Company, Mr David L. Franks, 
presidea at a court luncheon 
held at Butchers* Hall yesterday. 
Mr Douglas J. Noakes and Mr 
Clifford Wilson also snoke. 

Mr ILN.P. Wadlow 
and Miss M.V. Domttf 
The e ng agement is announced 
between Nigel only son of Mrs 
Pamela Jennens, of Hove, Sus- 
sex, and the late Mr Philip 
Wadlow, and stepson of Mrs 
Hilary WatflOW, OBE. of 
StreaUey, Berkshire, and Merry, 
younger daughter of the late Mr 
Edward Donati and Mrs S uzette 
Donati. of Minehead, Somerset. 

Dr NJ. WHson-Holt 
and Dr M.V. Daniels 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas John Wilson- 
HolL elder son of Mrs P. Fleck, 
of Winchmore Hill London, 
and the late Mr L. Wilson, and 
Mary Victoria, only daughter of 
Dr and Mrs M.H. Daniels, of 
Queens House, Crick, 

Mr AJL WyHe 
and M iss E. Cocks 
The engagement is announced 
between Arthur, elder sou of Mr 
and Mrs G.B. Wylie, and Eliza- 
beth, second daughter of Mr and 

Mrs PJ. Cocks, both of 
Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire. 

by Mr Norman Fosh. Among 

But the relationship proved 
productive far beyond the 
bounds of a professional duo. 
Britten, inspired by Pears's 
superb musicianship and the 
deep understanding that exist- 
ed between them, composed 
many of his finest works for 
their recitals. 

Pears's singing of them will 
always remain, for those who 
heard him, the definitive per- 
formance. He was associated 

■artistic life. 

He always took a leading 
part in the festival’s direction 
and the programmes gained 
much not only from the 
orginality ofhis musical ideas 
but also from his profound 
knowledge of literature and 

He showed an especial in- 
terest in English songs of all 
periods and was extremely 
kind to young composers, 
man y of whom .bad works 
commissioned and performed 
by him at the Aldeburgh 
{festival and elsewhere. He 
took immense care over some- 

with the first performance of times inconsiderable, even un- 
most of Britten's other works sympathetic, new works or 

for concert and stage and often 
collaborated with the compos- 
er in the choice of poetry and 

roles so that they should be 
given the best possible first 

Here, in master classes. lie 
bad the opportunity to pass 
the fruits of his long experi- 
ence. particularly in the songs 
of Schubert and Britten. 

Pears's voice has been de- 
scribed as dear, reedy, almost 
instrumental in quality arid 
capable of a wide variety of 
expression, if not colour. It 
tod an inward reflective tim- 
bre, tinged with poetry. 

Technique was always 
made to servehis fine musical 
intelligence and sensibility. 
Very few maacaTstyles were 
outside his grasp and his care 
and understanding of the texts 
that he sang informed all his 
performances with a com mi t- 
menr that few others could 

He warmade CBE in 195? 
and knighted in 1978. - * 


Air Chief Marshal Sir Wal- 
ter Merton, G8E, KCB, who 
has died aged 80, commanded 
at the outbreak of the Second 
World War No 37 (Bomber) 
Squadron, flying Wellingtons, 
and led it to the "desert 
campaigns in Egypt as one of 
the RAFs first long-range 
bomber forces. 

Commissioned in Decem- 
ber. 1925, he was a flight 
lieutenant in India at the time 
of the Quetta earthquake in 
1935, and received from the 
Air Council an appreciation of 
his services in the relief opera- 

At the outbreak of war 
Merton was serving at HQ 
Bomber Command, and in 

June, 1 940, took command of Air Officer in cha 
No 37 (Bomber) Squadron ministration at H< 
which, m November of that Command, 
year, he . led on long-range Promoted to Air Marthal in 
bombing missions to Egypt 1959, he spent a year as Chief 
The following year he was of Staff. Allied Air Forces, in 
appointed Senior Air Staff Europe, becoming an Air 
Officer. No 257 Wing, which Chief Marshal in 1961. From 
operated WeUnqpons In the 1962-63 he was Air Aided* 

i of Ad- 

Greek, Syrian and Iraq 

He was Station Commander 
at Luqa, Malta, in 1943 when 
it was the main RAF base for 
the invasion of Sicily, and was 
thrice mentioned in despatch- 
es during the war. f 

From 1954 to 1956 he was 
Chief of Staff, Royal New 
Zealand Air Force, and spent 

Camp to the Queen. 

Merton retried- from the 
RAF in 1963 and the follow- 
ing year became Inspector 
General of Civil Defence, a 
post which be held until 1968. 

He was made KCB in 1959 
and GBE in 1963. Greece 
awarded him the Gold Cross, 
Royal Order of George l itf 1 
1941, and the Order of the 

the following three years as Phoenix, Class Lin J 963. 


Moreover, the strength of the held at Butchers’ Hall yesterday, 
artificial vessel to the normal Mr Douglas J. Noakes and Mr 
phsysiological pressures offers Clifford Wilson also sooke. 
the possibility of making in- ___ 

divid Daily tailored arteries for UWII6rS 
replacement surgery * Bnt an Parana Houses Assodatioa 

Th= twenty-fourth annual din- 

a of lhe Flnance HoUSeS 
- A Association was held at the 

Commanderie de Bordeaux 
The Goounanderie de Bordeaux 
gave a dinner last night at 
Merchants' HaJJ. Bristol t(y 
permission of the Master, in 
honour of the Hospitallers de 
PomeroL The raaitre of the 
commanderie. Mr Charles 
Clarke; presided, and among 
those present were: 

M and Mme de Lambert, M 
Garde. M and Mme Vigicr, M 

Mr John Finney, who has 
died after a short illness, 
devoted his life to the Colonial 
Service in Kenya. 

The youngest son of Gener- 
al Sir Reginald Pinney, he was 
bom in 1920, educated al 
Winchester and Christ Church 
and commissioned into the 
Army in 1941. However, he 
was immediately drafted into 

and Mme Janoueix, Mme Marc, -I Colonial Service in Kenya. 



W^neschiy, April 2. 1986. Tlie 
55 “- d ^ I chairman of the association, Mr 

That is common to both artificial 
material and donated ones. A 

Ian Miller, welcomed the Direc- 
tor-General of Fair Trading, Sir 

tiring material and one already the 

tisHW-malched to (Jw reripienu -St 

Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, as a by-product of 
other work. 

The scientists were working 
originally with flat sheets of the 
- synthetic material Dacron, as 
the substrate on which lo create 
a layer of bovine tissue. First, 
they formed a matrix of fibres 
made from collagen, the protein 
■ substance that is the main 

4 s fine + 15 % VAT 

(minimum 3 line) 

AnnouiKcfib. ambcnikaicd by the 
name and permanent addrca of ibe 
sender, may be sent ter. 

PC BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

or telephoned |h> iricphone snbs- 
etben only I Kt 01-481 3824 

Aimounccmcnu can be nxened by 
telephone bciwrm 't.UJvn and 
SJOpm Monday 10 Friday, on Satur- 
day between 1.00am and 12 noon. 
tai-MI 4800 (Mr). For publication Ibe 
following day phone by 1.30pm. 

eu on Court and Social Page IS a bm 
* 15% VAT. 

Coun and Social Pape 
announcements can nol be accepted 
by (dcphcinc Enquiries to' 01-822 
9853 (after lOJOarni or send la I, 
taniaglM Start, laarfm El. 

Tfte LORD ha * Ufcro away un> 
lutfqments against >ou. hr rue 
cast oui your memm 

Zrpjunun a. 15 ilLS.v .1 

be circulation, the engineered ver- DcrtectcnnnfitiojL principal guest and speaker. TTie 

of 5 km presented tbeW type of Secretary of the Cabinet, Sir 

permeable barrier as the natural 

The purpose of the experi- 
ment was to try to create a 
working model in the laboratory 
for investigating various cardio- 
vascular diseases and other 
disorders involving the circula- 
tion of the blood. There are 
plans to try implants on animals. 


such as any wound healing. 

A report of the new vessels in 
the journal Science includes 
identical electron micrographs, 
showing how smooth nmsde 
fibres and endothelial cells are 
embedded in the collagen 
strands in normal and artificial 

Science Volume 231, pp 397- 
400, 1986 

Robert Armstrong, responded 
to a toast to the guests, proposed 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr Manuel Esqahel Prime 
Minister of Belize, and Mr 
Herbert Augustus Blaize. Prime 
Minister of Grenada, to be 
members of the Privy Council 

M Querre, M and Mme 
Raynaud and M Lemelletiec 
Assodatioa of Surgeons of 
Great Britain and Ireland 
The annual dinner of the Associ- 
ation of Surgeons of Great : 
Britain and Ireland took place 
last night in the Porter Tun 
Room at the Whitbread Brew- 
ery. Mr Adrian Marxian pre- 
sided and among those present 
were the Spanish Ambassador, ! 
Sir Peter Parker and Professor ; 
B. Narbona, President of the : 
Spanish Association of 

Mr Keith Nolan, aged 55, bead 
of marketing for the Ordnance 
Survey, to be director of 
establishment and finance for 1 
the OS; Mr David Toft aged 41, 
head ' of production, to be : 
responsible for marketing, sates ! 
and publidty. 

Pinney soon made his mark 
as a self-reliant district officer. 
During the Man Mau rebel- 
lion, his courage, effiency and 
leadership - always tempered 

with sympathy for African 
aspirations - were precisely the 
qualities needed for defeating 
Mau Mau without humiliating 
the Kikuyu or damaging pros- 
pects for eventual indepen- 
dence. For much of the 
emergency he was district 
commissioner at Fort Hall in 
foe heart of Kikuyu country. . 

As independence ap- 
proached, Pinney became pro- 
vincial commissioner in 
Mombasa and organized foe 
smooth transition of Coastal 
Province from protectorate to 
national rule. In 1963, he was 

transferred to Nairobi and was 
put in charge of the adminis- 
trative and ceremonial details 
of full independence, a task 
which he discharged to the 
high satisfaction of often con- 
flicting interests. 

Pinney returned to his na- 
tive Dorset where be applied 
his administrative and intel- 
lectual gifts - to the county 
education service, inevitably 
spreading his wings in many 
other spheres, including, in 
due course, chairmanship ofe 
the local bench. 


Harry Wilson, GC, who 
died on March 26, at Stoke- 
on-Trent, Staffordshire, aged 
83, was awarded the Edward 
Medal (translated to foe 
George Cross in 1971) for his 
part in foe rescue ofa trapped 
miner from a flooding mine. 

His action on March 10. 
1924, was when an inrush of 
water took place at 
Haniseahead Colliery, Staf- 
fordshire. Most of the work- 
men had already left the mine. 

but one who had been working 
alone was missing. 

The manager was told that 
it was impossible to rescue 
him. foe bottom of foe pit 
being three-parts full of water 
which was still rising. But he 
called for volunteers. 

owing to the pressure of water 
behind it and they prepared to 
go haelf- 

The m anag e r, who had fed- 
lowed them, inquwi that the 
man could not be left, so he 
and Wilson forced the ventila- 
tion door, allowing the water 

_ Harry Wilson was one of to escape gradually. They then 
five men who responded and waded to the trapped man. 

Hpcrpn/lpH inln fha min/, hu « r.t "" • .. i-dw' 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

■AKER - On 25tu March lo Maureen 

i n« Harding) and Christopher, a 

daughter Anne-Marie, a sbler for UGHTBODY On 38th March 1986 In 


BAKER To Karen and Andrew on 
29th March, a son. Beniamin Oliver, 
a brother for Kale. 

■KILMER - On 2nd April 1986 at Wal- 
lingford Community Hospital to 
Angela inee Gurneyi and Nigel, a 
daughter (Joanna Henrietta Mary), a 
sister (or George. 

COOK On March 29th 1986 in Syd- 
ney. Australia, to Gillian into 
Shadiortni and Peter, a boy. Timo- 
thy John. 

C US SINS On 30th March to Julia. in£e 
Whitley; and Andrew, a son. Harry 

FORESTER To Derryn and Geoffrey, a 
son Simon, bom al Mount Aivemia. 
Guildford, on 1st April. A brother for 
Gayle. Tania and Vida. 

CALLOWAY On April 3rd at Q M.H- 
Roehampton. lo Elaine inee Rotnn- 
soni and ArcMe. a daughter Thalia 
jane, a sister for Portia and Joe. 

JACKMAN On April Isi 1986 at SI 
Peter's Hospital. Ctiertsey. lo Kale 
in^e Hughes) and Jeremy, a son. Ian 
Jeremy Greenwood, a brother for 

JEEVES On April 2nd in Sheffield lo 
Kate in^e Wakefield) and Keith, a son 
Ian Sluarl. 

JENKINS On March |4tn al Si 
Thomas'* Hospital to Ivana inee 
Sertici and Charles, a daughter. 

KOO on 20th March 1986. at Queen 
Charlottes Hospital, to Margaret inee 
Ngi and Sui-Kem. a daughter. Nicola 

LANOON on March 29th al SI Peter's 
Hospital. Chertsey. lo Lorraine inee 
McLachlam ana Michael, a son. 
James MichacL 

Liverpool, lo Charlotte (n*e Pymi 
and lan. a son. Thomas Hugh. 

MABEY on April 3rd. to Carolyn and 
Simon, a son ffHchardV 

BULLS On 1st April 1986 10 Sheila 
inee While) and Richard, a son. 

MOORE. On March 2!st at home In 
Wimbledon, lo Angela ut*e Bass) and 
Paul, a daughter Unde Catherine 
Swinburne, a sister for Tatniha. 

NEWMAN - On March 27Ut lo Peter 
and Kate mee Luourn) a daughter. 
Hamel Joan. 

NEWTON To Joanna in#e Hastings 
Trew) and Nigel, on 28lh March 
1986. a son. William Peter, a brother 
for Catherine. 

PAPE To Kale tn*e Hare' and John on 
31st of March, a son. Theodore Mat- 
thew. a brother, for Joshua. 

ROBERTSON lo Karen and Brian, on 
Wednesday 2nd AprtL a son Rory 

SAWE8S on March 24th. at BMH 
Munsier. to Clare mee Rlchardsoni 
and Ian. a son -Robert James Ott. 

SMTH On Easter Sunday at Yeovil 
District Hospital to Mcv and Lavirua 
inee MACARTHX.H1. a son. Archie. 

SORRELL On 23 March 1986 lo An- 
drea inee Smlthi and Robin, a 
daughter (Jessica dare ffollioni. a 
seter for Laura. 

STRONG On 2nd of April at Ute Bu- 
chanan Hospital St. Leonards, to 
Catherine inee Earlandiand Robin, a 
son. Jeremy LuLe. a brother for 

WIGAN on 26ih March to Pairma and 
Anthony, a daughter. 


ARTHUR ■ On Mareh 31. Cyril Stuart. 
In lus 80 th year, beloved husband of 
Cicely and much loved father and 
grandfather, passed away at home. 
Service al West Mailing Church at 
12 15Bm on April 8. Family Dowers 
omy please, bui donations If desired 
to Professor dark's Research Fund 
al U.M.D.S.. Guys Hospital. London 

ASHTON On April 3rd In hospital after 
a short Illness the Reverend Preben- 
dary Thomas Richard iDtckj- aged 
63. beloved husband of Eleanor and 
father of Paul and Rachel. Funeral al 
St John's Church. St John's Road, 
bleworth. on Friday nth April at 
2.16 pm. Family flowers only please, 
but a desired, tfonatksis in lus memo- 
ry lo C.M.S. 

BENJAMIN - Donald William, legal ex- 
ecutive. peacefully al home at 
Hawkweil. Essex. 29th March. Ser- 
vice al Southend-on-Sea 

• Crematorium 12.30. 7!h April. Flow- 
ers to Adams. High Street- Rayleigh. 

BLASEBV - Peacefully at home in Ab- 
bey Wood on Maundy Thursday. 
March 27Ut. Cecil Albert aged 82. 
Beloved husband of Phyllis, father of 
Jenny and Peter and much laved 
grandfather of Jubette. Cites. Mat- 
thew and Da'ld. 

BMHStRAO On April 2nd. suddenly 
al home. 19 St George's Avenue. 
Hornchurch. Joan Ida (nfe Heath 
Robinson) beloved wife of Denis. Fu- 
neral Sendee al St Andrew's 
Church. Hornchurch. Wednesday 
April 9th al 1 Jam. followed by Cre- 
matlon. No flowers please, but if 
deared donations lo Church Mission- 
ary Society. 

CUWGHOt 2nd of April after a short 
illness, aged 84 years. Philip Henry, 
dearly loved brother of Hester and 
unde of Alan and Peter and •p'eat- 
nephews and netces. Funeral service 
wdi take place at Salisbury Cremato- 
rium on Thursday 10 April at 1 2. 45- 
No letters or flowers by reguest. 

De La RJVERE Rfil.VJL Lewis Dftxttn 
aged 76 years on 1st April 1986 after 
a long Illness, born with great forti- 
tude at The Evendeigh Nursing 
Home. Leamington Spa. Adored hus- 
band of Margaret and most dear 
father of Edmund. Sue and AMIa. 
and darting gr a ndpa of Judith. Wil- 
liam. Katie. David. Richard and 
Charlotte. Law of Lennox House 
School. Moseley. Birmingham. Fu- 
neral Service to be held on Thursday 
i OUi April at St Agnes Church. 
Moseley al 2pm. and afterwards al 
Leamington Spa Cemetery. Family 
flowers only, but donattone may be 
sent in lieu of flowers to The Chest. 
Heart and Stroke Association, c/o 
Mrs. Anna R. Coon. The OM vicar- 
age. Cocker mouth. Cumbria. "1 know 
that my R edeeme r lives". 

DHARAMPAL inee For® Phyllis Oten. 
beloved wife of Dharampal. mother 
of David. GUa. and Roswitha. sister 
of Frances and grandmother of 
Johann and Mira with relatives In 
England and India, peacefully In her 
sleep on March 29th after a long Ill- 
ness. Funeral oo Monday. 7ih April 
at li .ooam In Goidere Green Crema- 

FENNER on April 2nd 1986. Barbara 
Murray, beloved staler of Rags 
Terrel L both of Cadogan Square 
SWI. Service on Tuesday April 8th 
at 1 30 pm ai Putney vale Crematori- 
um. No flowers, but donations if 
desired lo Oxfam. RIP. 

raX-MLE - Derails Humbert, oo lot 
April l986. Euddrtily at Ms home In 
Alderney. Channel Islands, dear hus- 
band of Angela, much loved father 
and grandfather. Funeral Service al 
SL Anne's Church. Alderney, at IX 
am. Saturday 5th AprtL No flowers, 
but donaUonsir desired, to RJLF. Be- 
nevolent Fund, c/o National 
Westminster Bank. Alderney. CA 

COUCH - On April 2nd. peacefttBy at 
her home. Moume Park. KHkeeL Co. 
Downs. N. intend. aOer a bravely 
borne illness. Lady Hyacinth Gough, 
dearly beloved wtfe of John Gough 
and much loved mother of Jane. 
Rosaleen. and CaroUne. Funeral ser- 
vice on April GQt at 11.30 am. Christ 
Church. KUkaeL 

HAJC-THOMAS - Petal (nee 
Maconochie) suddenly at home. In 
Hartley Wltuney. on 1st April: be- 
loved mother or Rupert staler or 
Mary- James and NrtL Funeral at Al- 
dershot Park Crematorium. Tuesday 
8th ApriL 11.30 am. Flowers may be 
sent to E. Finch & Sons Lid. 123 High 
Street AldoshoL 

KM6LUND - On 1st of April, sudden- 
ly. Carf-Ak*. Cremation 1 1.30 am 
Golden Green. Saturday Sib April. 

LEE Arnold. On 30th March peaceful- 
ly In hospital after one years illness 
and 74 years good health. Deeply 
mourned by his wife Anne, children, 
grandchildren, family and friends. 

descended into the mine by a 
foot-rail Tbe rescue party 
reached a ventilation door 
which they dared not open 

LYONS On 3 1 st March 1986. al home 
Wappenbury Han near Lcamtatgkm 
Spa. Greta, aged 84 yean, wife of 
lhe late Sir WflUam Lyons. Funeral 
service at SI Mm the Baptist 
Church. Wappenbiay. on Monday 
TOi April at 10.30 an. Hlawed by 
private cremation. Flowers may he 
sent to H J Dawson Funeral Direc- 
tors Ltd- 22 George Street. 
Leamington Spa. Or. donations lo 
Wappenbury Church, C/O Mia J 
FJetdvw; EMWgh Cottage. 
CathorM. Leamington Spa. 

NJl t WI OW - on March 50th 1986. 
peacefully in Nante Hospital. 
Made Ion. hi her 88th year, widow or 
IfinreW Victor MaUnson. much 
loved mother. Grandmother and 
great grandmother. Cremation has 
taken place In-Ftaace. 

NOLDA On Mareh 29th 1986. Joan 
Manr. beloved wire of lhe tale Colo- 
nel Clinton Nokia, much loved - 
mother of R os e m ary and Charles 
and a devoted tFandmother. Funeral 
al -Watford Church. Ross-on-Wye. - 
Herefordshire, at 2.15pm on Mon- 
day April 7 Hi. fa llowed by private 
cremation. FanrQy Bowe r s only, bud 
If desired donations lo the Spencm- 
Bounw Lukaemla Fund, c/o of Dr J 
J Kramer, al H ere fo rd County Hospi- 
tal Enquiries to A H CaKBnat & 
Sons. Taibuy wefts; lei 0884 

ROBEHTS Margaret, late or Chipping 
Norton. Ox on and London, peaceful- 
ly in Oban 3rd April 1986. 

ROWHISB on March 2eth VKtvw iy 
on holiday. Ralph KamrayTof 
Levtahran. North Yorkshire. Service 
M Me friends Meeting House. Scar- 
borough. 12 neon. Friday 4th April. 
No flowers, but donations Flower 
Fund Homes. 

reach i ng him witfr great diffi- 
culty, and an three were, 
eventually drawn to the 
surface. • > 


78. Modi loved staler, aunt wf 

SSS; M raff* 

tori urn. *2 noon Wednesday 9th idf 
AprtL Family flowers ooty. tout dona- 

22? *C. tfei 5E etf ' to Ote View Great 

hOteendmi Church. Bucks. 

f.: . "■ 



' ' sr: - 

Ian. Judith a nd Vanessa and great 
grandmot her of Dsanaten. am. MBo. 
Bentamfci and Sam. Funeral private. 
■nUJAjraOu March kwwtcl 
^ O-ubbYl Wlttm 

MJELE. RJLF. QreOmU. anerashart 
atoms. Funeral . Service .at Wettest 
^ onTueaaay-SitJ 

ll^Oara Eramtrfcs-to Etarfi 
MymoiAh TdL 0782 862824 .. . 

WJLUS On March 29«b 1906 * 

*2»mi»am HmrttaL peeemmr enerx 
short Alness. Runy. widow of news* 
gm Charles wmk Funeral - at 
Braxted Pariah Omrch. Iteutt. Mbs*- ■ 
day Aprit 7th at 2-30 pm. - -' - 


REVNOIPS - Harry. M emo rial jerries / 
at St John Is Methodist « Church. 

' WoodaWe Road, Amentum. Bock*, 
oti Sunday: 20th Aprd al tZABpm. 
WOODWARD On March 19th 1966. 
Alan GreflMy Hanrtaon. .of- . 
Blandford. aged 70 yearn: betovetfgr < . 
the tafe Plana, son of BteisteWIMsitata 
Edward woodward. a«taeer eF? 
Cambridge Uotverthy and grandson 
of wmtam Harrison woodward. Pro- - 
fesaor of Friuraiinn at LtverpoM- 
Memefiai service wffl he bsWai ® 
Peter's mid St Paul's Cfcun*- 
BtandTord.DorseLonThBnitlw® 4 ? . 
April at 2-30 um. 






Cold-blooded immorality 

Edward R.Mibtov wag 

\jalism. Marrow (Channel 4). 
•3 .film biography directed by 
-Jack Gold by 
^Britain's TVS, did nock Bare 

s Marrows place ■ fa -media 
Jdstory was earned by a pro- 
gramme in bis See It Now 
senesfa which be attacked the 
- anti-communist - senator Joe 
-McCarthy. Mmrvw’s rhetoric 
,«nd the programme's investi- 
**atam are credited with break- 


As ap introduction to the work of 
Giordano Bruno, philosopher, poet and 
intdkctoai, whose big 
mouth tedhim to the stake in 1600 , tins 
production comes as an embarrassment 
^ Wheneve r, during the past 400 years, 
the process of free thought and inquiry 
has been ■ stifled by authority ^ 
exponents have been put to silence, 

Knmn Tteki hmi U . ■■ — » 'a < 

' fa the Fifties. 

„ * Last night’s film was also an 

. ' - ;v -tsMiinanon of- many of the 
. , issues and pressures which 

;.f <: .4»*e Shaped journalism' since 
■“ Jm days when day tablet was 

- ."-ihe primary news metfimn- 
■.’? sWitMn .the first half boar, 

Mfurrow, as CBS's radiocoTTe- 
7 - -• . , j^ondent in wartime London, 
jmd stated his position on 
^objectivity and began diplo- 
" static vegetations to subvert 
• v- .? ' <jrash news values. 

' ’ ./,.;As the story of the eonfrou- 
■ . ■ .Jation with McCarthy derd- 
.pped ^.became dear that the 
: jamjor battle was not so nrach 
. " j -^Mk the witch-hunting mood 

- M f the country as with the 
'fatings-hautrag mood of 

, CBS’s director shareholders 
‘ ' -and sponsors. The screesphy, 
Ernest Slimy, whose past 
‘ .credits fadude Roots* lost no 
-.opportunity to, fadode the 
juries and commercials of die 
. ‘ - .era, to make the point tint 
y - 1 <Bevkm and an . ahnnimnm 
company were funding the 
'-V* ^network’s top shows. 

■ >. “There is a difference be- 
. -tween the public interest and 
what the public is interested 
-• 5n," Mmrow announced fa one 
-of the many heated arguments 
'• with the CBS chairman W3- 
atom Paler and president 
r- sFrank Stanton — who was cast 
\2 •£!"? ^in the role of an a^jrindjded 
" 3ratintsJnmter. At the end of 
*tiw story See It Now had been 
.'knocked out of the ratings by 
*: The $64,000 Question, mid 
■ . ^Mnrrow died, -shortly after 
. *: ‘leaving the network, of hmg 

.■«r on !L« 

It was a slow production 
made fa the wordy, teak- 
/Veneered style characteristic 
*• of America's Home Box Office 
channel. Nevertheless, ‘ the 
: Well Street Journal observed 
that a programme wfth titis 
uadi content could (wot ;be 
' nude by a major aetiraflk hi 
'America today. 

" Celia Brayfield 

saint ofinteltectual rebellion his rinxoor- 
tality is guaranteed; and, in reviving his 
one and only play, the RSC are naturally 
anxious to asd morally ' appro pri ate 
qualities in it Sure enough, the pro- 
gramme discerns a “frantic detesta- 
tion of hypocrisy M quackery . . . p«A 
the be g innin g of his formulation of a new 
ethic and a new philosophy”. ' 

These are. heavy to W on a 
sharp Eafe-fta&an c o m ed y on the old 
timmes of lust and greed; tat, even 
without them II Candetaio comes across 
asa cruel and cold-bkx>ded 'piece of work 
with even less moral ce ntr e than 
Madriavellfs Mandrogofa. 

The comedy turns on the antics of two 
fools, each in the grip of an obsession. 
Bonifacio, the eponymous candte - mak- 
CT, lusts after a costly courtesan. 
Bartolomeo, -a merchant, lusts »far 
wealth. Both neglect their wives in 
pursuit of these new desires; and, Naples 
being Naples, there are people around to 
offer p r o m pt gratification while miring 
than for an expensive ride. Bartolomeo 
fells into die clutch of the alchemists, 
white Bonifacio enlists a magician to get 
hfminto Vittoria’sbed. Assheisforsale . 
anyway, it is hard to see why he does not 
simply pay her the going rate, instead of 
embarking on a pricey ritual with a wax 
model and a rigmarole of Latin spells he 
is dearly unable to pronounce. 

. To complete the list of victims, there is 
the pedant Manforfa, whose only offence 
is that he fancies himselfas a Latinist He 
is the old commedia figure, trundled on 
simply on the assumption that theatre 
audiences will langhat a character more 
learned than they are. It is the last joke 
yon would expect from an faleQectual 
snrh as Bruno, but he goes ahead and 
makes it — depending on the idea that, if 
we (to nrt understand what a character is 
saying, that proves he is talking rubbish; 
and finally haring poor Manforio's 
trousers hauled down for a spanking. 
This scene, I am glad to say, was greeted 
with stony silence on Wednesday. 

It is also good to report that Ian 
Talbot, 1 despite the odds, succeeds in 

I mTdiiij lhijtha pfcwifip m imn lyfirthe 

most sympathetic character in the piece: 
radiating, innocent pleasure when any- 
body pays him a compliment, trusting 
towards eveiyone he meets, and candidly 
explaining that he faffed -to' pursue a 
•mckpocket hecanse iL.was. beneath his 
dignity as a doctor to shour “Stop, thief'. 

It b aperiormance that takes you back to 
the good old days of Mr Talbot's Mr 

poaakf Cooper 

'T ... .V 

'"&3 —»*'■ t 


, ?■ H.. 

• '.'-V V*.* V 

r (left) and Bruce Alexander as Bartolomeo ami Bonifacio: an 
f couple steering an ener g etic course from desire to humili a tio n 

David Bradley (left) and Brace Alexa 
. unlovely cetrtnu couple steering an ene 

As for the central intrigues, Bonifacio 
ispersuadedto go into disguise for abed- 
tack encounter with fas wife, and 
Bartolomeo into considerable outlay on 
alchemical projections that go up in 
smoke. Bruno, of coarse, was writing at a 
time before modern science had de- 
tached itself from magic and alchemy; 
but, as fix* comic point, there is noway of 
telling whether be is out to expose them 
as fraudulent or simply invoke them as a 
means of punishing the two cheating 

Gifford W ilKams ’s and Paul Marcus’s 
production takes place in a street 
surmounted with Bruno’s slogan “Joyful 
in grieE in gaiety sad”. With the 
exception of a wistful soliloquy from the 
fading Vittoria (Mel Martin), this finds 

no echo in the boisterous events; and 
comedy depends largely on the anachro- 
nistic swoops from erudition to aheh- 
dropping in Frank DouereU’s and Mia 
Dickson's translation. 

There are a few hints of -Bruno the 
dangerous thinker, as where the rogue 
Sang uino (Anthony O'DonneU) points 
out that Christ steered well dear of 
lunatics. Bruce Alexander and David 
Bradley, as the unlovely central couple, 
steer an energetic course from desire to 
humiliation. They are marginally more 
appealing that Bruno’s boo, a crafty 
painter (Donald Sumpter) who pulls off a 
successful adultery and lectures us on 
how to do it 

Irving Wardle 


Returning to the strength and severity of old 

Elizabeth Hall/ . 
Radio 3 

.Three years ago Lutoslawsld 
1 wrote a piece for the London 
r .5infonietta, and chose a title 
■that promised more to come: 
Chain 1. The second link was 
added on Wednesday at a 
lively concert within the Mu- 
-sic of Eight Decades series, 

■ and moved rather longer (at 
- 17 minutes), more frilly scored 
-and more substantial than.its 

^Appa re nt l y this is all part of 
^the man. Lutoslawski does not 
'^conceive his “chain” as being 
of similar or even of. linked 
works; and, to those who ifloe 
titles to mean something, he 
offers the thought that these 
- pieces (and, I would .guess, 
r _ others, like the Third Sym- 

phony) make use of chains of 
notes in a . kind of serial 
practice. Hie evidence grows 
weightier of Lutoslawski m his 
seventies returning to the 
severity and strength of the 
music of his forties. 

Chain 2 has the subtitle 
“dialogue for violin and 
orchestra” and is effectively a 
chamber concerto with solo 
violin, or rather it is a fluid 
selection of scenes from a 
possible riolin concerto. 
There are four movements, of 
which the first and third are 
largely independent of regular 
metre (they are marked “ad 
libitum”, and are not conduct- 
ed) white the second and 
fourth, marked “a bartuta", 
are correspondingly more dy- 
namic. The four might be 
characterized as introduction, 
allegro scherzando, slow 
movement and finale, and 
certainly such a programme is 

,, % t T 11 ■ 

1 ill Wftv 
1 $ 



one dement in Lntoslawskfs 
formal thinking. However, the 
piece is also laiger and smaller 
than this. The movements are 
interconnected (the last very 
dearly remembers each erf the 
previous three), and at the 
same time they lack — indeed, 
are very elegantly made to 
facie — tiie definition a multi- 
movement scheme might 
seem to suppose. 

There is something ooctur- 
nally mysterious about Luto- 
slawskfs processes here. (The 
work that Chain 2 most called 
to mind for me was Britten's 
Midsummer Night’s Dream* 
by virtue of its winding slow 
string glissandos, its tuned 
percussion and its ostmatos.) 

LPO /Eschenbach 
Festival Hall 

A late change of conductor 
(Christoph Eschenbach re- 
placing Jesus Ldpez-Cobos) 
deprived Richard Strauss fans 
of their expected double dol- 
lop of the master, or perhaps 
the orchestra felt that there 
has already been enough Tod 
und VerklOrung oa the South 

The second movement, for 
instance, seems to be flitting 
among several different possi- 
ble versions of itself some- 
times with the soloist frenetic 
in Stravinskian triple stops, 
sometimes with soloist and 
orc h estra combined in the 
grand gesture, sometimes with 
just a wispy selection of the 
players involved, as in the 
extraordinary passage where 
one suddenly finds the very 
lop of the orchestra (violins, 
piccolos, xylophone) has been 
exchanged for the bottom. 

The entire work gives the 
listener the impression of 
being inside an acoustical 
maze, where the voice of a 
conventional romantic con- 

Banktfas week. Perhaps, too, 
the Festival Hall's technical 
crew are suffering from post- 
GLC blues, or rather greys, 
because the LPO seemed to be 
struggling to play in quite 
murky light in Berlioz's 
Benvenuto Cellini Overture. 

The power was, however, 
foDy on fin: Prokofiev’s Third 
Piano Concerto, which was 
just as wen because the players 
needed every available aid in 




You must see Orphans 

■A feast of fine acting . . 
a mesmerising evening 

C-.o ;; >"• 



THEATRE TEL: 437 2663, 434 3598 

Sadler's Wells 
is to London what 
music is to dance, c 

The Ferfecl Partner! 

variay of music in ftrce new shows from New \Ork 

American Ballroom Theatre with 
The Pasadena Roof Orchestra 
April TO-19 730(5* Mat 230mEL Jgjgj 
Evokes memodes erf Fred Astaire 
and Ginger Rogeir, al their b«t. 


Rosalind Newman p 

am) Elancers 
April 29-May 3 7A0 

from Vivaldi to Buddy HoUy ' 

AN intriguingly ofpbeaf HHKgl 

BEAUTY" ChnaoSuftlMM* 

. BiH T fones, Amie 
and Company 
May 6- 10 730 

A virtuoso programme « ’ 

darns and humour mg B 




Sadler's WelbThealre 


‘HUGE 1 


GMgSIjnfitSS { 

certo can be detected by its 
echoes or, quite suddenly, 
heard in all its immediacy. It 
is. moreover, a work of beauti- 
ful sound-images, such as the 
start of the third movement, 
with a G-string melody for the 
soloist accompanied by just 
three low cellos, or the two 
bell-like dimaxes from the 

Gydrgy Pauk offered a 
thoughtful and expressive ac- 
count of the solo part, with 
responsive playing from the 
Sinfonietta for the composer. 
There had perhaps been less 
time to rehearse Schoenberg's 
First Chamber Symphony 
with Diego Masson. 

Paul Griffiths 

their pursuit of Ivo Fogo- 
refich’s pounding attack on 
this (usually) lyrical work. I do 
not know whether - Pogorelidb 
has read that celebrated Amer- 
ican newspaper report of 
Prokofiev's own piano-play- 
ing (“fingers like steel, wrists 
like steel, biceps like 
steel...") but he certainly 
sped through the first move- 
ment in a relentless, tough- 
toned manner that left the 
orchestra grasping at the an- 
dante thane’s reprise like 
drowning men at a piece of 

There was certainly no 
shortage of virtuoso thrills, 
nor of those bizarre interpreta- 
tive nuances which Pogorehch 
seems to insert if he feels the i 
composer's inspiration is flag- 
ging a bit the on-beat accentu- 
ation of the last movement's 
chordal passages was especial- 
ly choice. But the incessant 
erasing of Prokofiev’s own 
instructions, particularly 
those suggesting the pianist 
plays softly, did become wea- 
risome. In the slow move- 
ment's mysterious fourth 
variation, for instance, the 
soloist should surely soak 
himself fa the ultra-romantic 
atmosphere created fay those 
distant horn calls, and then try 
to crp»i»te them. Here Pogo- 
rclich played with a stubborn 
and. it seemed, entirely self- 
centred insensitivity. 

Eschenbach possibly found 
his own pianistic experience 
useful fa anticipating fas 
soloist's manoeuvres so welL 
He then conducted aprecise if 
rather pedantic performance 
of The Rite of Spring, full of 
painstakingly delineated de- 
tail but rarely generating 
suffices: voltage. 

Richard Morrison 


fate for 
a good 

Beginners (15) 

Leicester Square 
Theatre; Odeon 
Marble Arch 

Bubbly" season 
National Film 

Absolnte Beginners — the 
film, not the book — is what it 
is; and it is hard to see why 
anyone should have thought it 
necessary to disturb a good 
novel for the purpose. The 
objective was a musical vague- 
ly set in the late Fifties, a 
period which is now remote 
enough to acquire glamour 
and has the extra charm of 
having witnessed the creation 
of as both myth and 

market factor. In a scatter- 
brained rationale (in a Corgi 
paperback about the film) the 
director Julien Temple writes: 
“I simply wanted to conjure 
up the experience I remember, 
the first time I took speed in 
the city... I hope the film 
can serve as a challenge for 
kids today to do something as 
powerful as their parents". 

In this enigmatic design 
Colin Maclnnes’s novel is just 
another artefact of the period, 
alongside the old television 
sets, refrigerators, cars and 
news headlines. It provides no 
more than the title, the setting 
names and broad hints for the 
characters. The theme of 
London's incipient race war is 
still present, but 28 years on 
the trio of writers employed 
on the script interpret it 
differently. For Machines the 
Notting Hill riots of the 
summer of 1958 signalled 
some inexplicable, malignant 
social sickness. The film more 
comfortably and fashionably 
attributes them to the machi- 
nations of property developers 
and National Front agitators, 
and exorcises it all in song, 
dance <*nd melodrama. 

In essence the film is a 
succession of video pop 
promos, a field of activity fa 
which Julien Temple is inter- 
nationally recognized as a 
virtuoso. The video promo 
has its own style and disci- 
plines: it must be self-con- 
tained within the time-span of 
a musical number, it must be 
extravagant and hectic, with 
images, camera angles, zoom- 
shots and cutting that instant- 
ly excite the senses. P l agia ri s m 
is favoured, with no film more 
pillaged for the purpose than 
Fritz Lang’s Metropolis . Tem- 
ple borrows, inter alia, the 
giant typewriter from James 
Ivory’s Bombay Talkie , fight 
choreographies from West 
Side Story and lurid studio 
sets from Fire in the Streets. 

i .xe£*j££3£> ' 

Eddie O’Connell: the authentic Fifties look 

As pop promos the episodes 
are individually energetic at 
least, though they lack any 
unifying style. They are sug- 
gested by the action rather 
than actually forwarding it fa 
the ordinary sense of musical 
numbers. The cursory narra- 
tive th« links them has the 
dramatic texture of Holly- 
wood musical “featurettes" of 
the Forties. It is indeed doubt- 
ful whether audiences unac- 
quainted with the novel will 
have any notion what is going 
on, or what ail these charac- 
ters, mostly now reduced to 
walk-on roles, signify. This 
may not actually matter, of 
course, to spectators already 
conditioned to the fragmenta- 
tion and limited demands on 
concentration characteristic of 
the pop promo. 

Maclnnes’s 1 9-year-old 
first-person hero is convinc- 
ingly impersonated by Eddie 
O’ConneO. who has an au- 
thentic Fifties look. A vulpine 
middle-aged David Bowie 
plays a villainous promoter. 
Alongside the inanimate peri- 
od artefacts are the human 
souvenirs. Lionel Blair ap- 
pears as a paedophile pop 
promoter of the Little Laurie 
London era; Alan Freeman, a 
Fifties diso-jockey, plays an 
Australian television hustler; 
Mandy Rice-Da vies, support- 
ing player fa the Piofumo 
drama, has now matured 
enough to be the hero’s Ma; 
Jess Conrad and Sylvia Syms 
are names in the crowd. The 
most authentic touch of the 
Fifties is provided by the 
memorable street photographs 
of Roger Mayne. 

The J920s offer another 
period which has gained an 
illusory glow of glamour m 
retrospect The illusion was in 
large part the achievement of 
Hollywood, which was at that 
moment just discovering its 
business of presentii^ a dis- 
torting mirror to reflect the 
image which American society 
most wished to see. 

Cecil B. DeMille was the 
first film-maker to respond to 
the craving for illusions of 
sophistication, and thrilled 
the public with a series of 
films that showed the manners 
and morals of a mythical high 
society. Champagne-corks 
popped, flappers flapped, hair 
was bobbed, women smoked, 
wives and husbands strayed; 
tat finally sophistication was 
only skin-deep. It was charac- 
teristic of the social comedies 

af the period that in the end 
the old standards were reas- 
serted: love, virtue and suffer- 
ing triumphed as they had 
always done. 

The seminal films for the 
golden era of Twenties social 
comedy were Chaplin’s A 
Woman of Paris (1923) and 
Ernst Lubitsch’s The Mar- 
riage Circle (1924). Chaplin 
introduced a style of social 
comedy that (ay more in 
nuances of expression and 
gesture than in the plot or the 
wit of the printed subtitles. 
Lubitsch brought a “con- 
tinental’* subtlety and maturi- 
ty which was to distinguish the 
comedy production of Para- 
mount Studios for more than 
two decades. 

Throughout April the Na- 
tional Film Theatre is showing 
a selection of 25 rarely-seen 
works from this period. A 
Woman of Paris bequeathed a 
school as well as a style. Each 
of Chaplin's four young assis- 
tants on the film — Edward 
A. Sutherland, Monta Bell 
and two Frenchmen, Henri 
d*Abbadie d'Anast and Jean 
de Limur — became directors 
of comedy fa their own right, 
and generally in the Chaplin 

Monta Bell was the most 
prolific of the group, and the 
season indudes five of the 
score of films he made in the 
Twenties. Even when stuck 
with novelette plots, fas tech- 
nical virtuosity and direction 
of actors is admirable. Lady of 
the Night , for instance, digni- 
fies an idiotic tale of love and 
sacrifice with Nonna She- 
arer’s most accomplished 
playing fa a dual role as two 
women from contrasted social 
ranks. A celebrated scene in 
which one Shearer embraces 
the other still mystifies 

Aside from their social curi- 
osity and evocation of the 
visual style of the period, these 
films provide a chance to see 
and evaluate some of the great 
Hollywood legends: Clara 
Bow (encountering the real- 
life Elinor Glyn fa //), Gloria 
Swanson (revealed as a bril- 
liant comedienne fa Manhan- 
dled) i, Jeanne Eagris, Pda 
Negri, Louise Brooks, Bessie 
Love, Marion Davies. None 
of them has faded, none 
disappoints: the quality that 
made them legends is durable. 

David Robinson 






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BA threatened 
by £259 cut in 
Atlantic fares 

By Michael Baily, Transport Editor 

British Airways is facing a 
new threat on the Atlantic 
with price cuts of over £250 
between Britain and Canada 
proposed by Canada's 
Wardair charter airline. 

Wardair. the biggest UK- 
Canada carrier with nearly a 
third of the £150 million-a- 
year market, is proposing to 
start a new scheduled service 
on May 1 with a business-class 
fare of £345 one-way from 
Gatwick to Toronto or Mon- 
treal compared with £604 by 

They also plan an economy 
return to match charter rates 
at about £300 compared with 
over £600 by other scheduled 

The move springs from the 
new competitive environment 
encouraged by Canada's Con- 
servative government. But it 
is expected to be strongly 
opposed by BA and the British 
Government who. while inter- 
ested in competition on air 
routes, also want the best 
possible sale price for BA. 

According to Mr Brian 
Walker. Wardair's sales and 
marketing chief, objection by 

BA to the proposed Wardair 
rales will almost certainly 
result in immediate withdraw- 
al of Wardair's new licence to 
operate as a scheduled carrier. 

But if that happens, he said 
at a London press conference, 
they will continue wiLh the 
same service as a charter 
airline to which those restric- 
tions do not apply. The only 
difference is passengers will 
need to book in advance and 
buy a round-trip ticket 

"The bilateral rules come 
up for renegotiation soon and 
we think it is time they were 
changed. They operate simply 
to protect a fare-fixing cartel 
against the public interest,'’ 
Mr Walker said. 

To avoid licensing prob- 
lems. Wardair are describing 
their new service not as two- 
class but as one-class economy 
on which any passenger who 
has paid bis £3 1 5 one-way fare 
can buy an extra-large busi- 
ness-type seat for another £30. 

BA said last night that they 
could not comment before 
receiving details of Wardair 

Work-rate slows on 
Anglo-Irish accord 

From Richard Ford, Dublin 

The Irish Government will 
emphasize the symbolic im- 
portance of the Anglo-Irish 
agreement throughout the 
testing months of the summer 
rather than push for any 
dramatic developments in the 

With little visible change on 
the ground in Northern Ire- 
land since the agreement was 
signed almost five months 
ago. it is clear that the pace of 
work within the framework of 
the deal with Dublin has been 

Within the British 
Govemmemsome ministers 
wish to press ahead with 
developments while others 
caution against such an ap- 
proach believing that Union- 
ists should not be further 
antagonized by the introduc- 
tion of measures that would be 

Today's events 

Royal engagements 
Princess Margaret opens the 
re-furbished offices of the 
Bromsgrove District Council. 

New exhibitions 
Tapestries by Marta 
Rogoyska and glass by Steven 
Newell: British Crafts. Centre. 43 
Eariham St. WC2: Mon to Fri 10 
to 5.30. Sal i I to 5 {ends May 3). 

Recent works by Derail 
Forrester: Commonwealth In- 
stitute. Kensington High St. W8: 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5.30, Sun 2 to 5 
{ends April 28). 

Smoke screens by Steve Rush: 
The Foyer. Barbican Centre. 
EC2; Mon to Sal 10 to 1 0 (ends 
April 20). 

Works by Wendy Raphael: 
The Ginnel Gallery. Lloyds 
House, Lloyd Su Manchester. 

seen as flowing from the 

A number of committees 
have been set up to look at 
areas such as the administra- 
tion of justice but it is under- 
stood that it will "take time" 
to produce results. 

Although both governments 
insist that they will not accept 
Unionist demands for the 
suspension of the agreement 
to allow talks to begin, there 
was a gap of nine weeks 
between the meetings of the 
third and fourth joint ministe- 
rial conference and no date 
has yet been fixed for another. 

In Dublin the Government 
is anxious that the length of 
time between those meetings 
should not become loo long, 
believing that that would be 
interpreted as a sign of weak- 
ness by Unionist politicians. 

Mon to Fri 9.30 to 5.30. Sat 1 to 
4 (ends April 25). 

Hard Times: The Children's 
Soicety Photographs 1985 by 
Mark Power, Watermans Arts 
Centre. 40 High St, Brentford; 
Mon to Sun 1 1 to 9.30pm (ends 
May 4). 

Gallery Spectators: animated 
sculpture by Tim Hunkin: 
Southampton Art Gallery, Civic 
Centre: Tues to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 
10 to 4. Sun 2 to 5. dosed Mon 
(ends April 27). 

Photographs by Gene Lam- 
bert: Orchard Gallery. Orchard 
St. Londonderry: Tues to Sat 10 
to 6 (ends April 26). 

Exhibitions in progress 

Prims by Stephen Gooden; 
Chamngton Print Room (ends 
April 27); The Sir Geoffrey 
Keynes Collection (William 
Blake and his associates) (ends 
May Ilk The Fitzwilliam Mu- 

Ike Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,011 


1 What you could end with 
aimed opposition, said 
Hamlet (3,2.8). 

9 A way to get river fish many 
hampered (9). 

10 Cenainly a good animal (5). 

11 Distressed a group of su- 
perior persons? (5). 

12 Plan one cherished cut short 

13 Unknown author presently 
to appear |4). 

15 Stuff cut off — it's there at 
Ascot (7). 

17 Music maker, old as the 
Devil (7). 

18 Away with cold! (7k 

20 The prosecutor who em- 
ploys a couple of hundred 

21 Set, holding nothing in sack 

22 The old man of Peru 
presents a not entirely plain 
case (4). 

23 it points to what should 
have been in line (5). 

26 A goose and a girl (5). 

27 Like Lucy’s ways (9). 

28 Gives false impression of a 
spinster round about this 
ume (13). 


1 Elias ends a muddle about a 
witticism - so long drawn- 
out (14). 

2 Tapestry from somewhere 
in France (5). 

3 Anointment in the river is 
practical (10). 

4 Blimey — rising with speed 
to revel! (7). 

5 Strip of neglige (7). 

6 The noose! The game's up 

7 Like the reputation of one 
least involved with sins (9). 

8 Personal notes of class in 
using set. adjusted (9,5). 

14 Forward business in chichi 
surroundings (10). 

16 In religious form, see with 
absolute power (9). 

19 In fashion - yes, a style for 
one with little hair (7). 

20 Nemesis — sad to say — fora 
king (7). 

24 Pole has fashionable follow- 
ing as a sculptor (5). 

25 Approve what could be a 
pretty thing (4). 

Solution tn Puzzle No 17,010 

Concise Crossword page 10 

Firefighters’ courage saves Illustrious 

By Gavin BeO 

The still and courage of 
firefighters in the aircraft 
carrier HMS Illustrious were 
largely responsible for avert- 
ing a potential catastrophe 
yesterday after an explosion 
started an inferno deep inside 
the ship, her captain said. 

The incident as the 20,009- 
ton carrier was steaming at 30 
knots away from sooth-west 
England, caused no casualties 
but forced postponement of a 
nine-month flag-waving voy- 
age around the world by 
Illustrious and six Royal Navy 

Senior officers who began a 
preliminary inquiry after the 
carrier limped home to Ports- 
mouth said the cause of the 
blast in the forward (star- 
board) gear-room was not 
known, but that there was no 
evidence of sabotage. 

Commander William 
Bowhnaa said the ship was 
sailing on full power to tone up 
two new gas turbine engines 
when a deafening bang re- 
sounded through all decks at 
about 1230am. 

As alarms began ringing in 
the damaged control room, an 
enormous sheet of flame erupt- 
ed almost immediately from 
one of the two funnels. 

Captain Alan Grose said: 
"It was immediately apparent 
to me, standing on the bridge, 
that we had a major problem. 
Fortunately our fire attack 
teams displayed exemplonury 
skill and courage and prevent- 
ed what could have been a 

Captain Grose said that as 
soon as the fire had been 
located, it was doused with 
bursts of inert halogen gas and 
water-based foam. The 
"standing sea fire parties" 
then fought their way through 
narrow passageways obscured 
by smoke near the keel and 
using thermal imaging equip- 
ment identified remaining 
pockets of fire that could have 
ignited further explosions. 

The blaze was confined to 
the area of the explosion and 
extinguished within 90 min- 
utes. None of the six sea 
Harrier jets or twelve 
helicoptors was damaged. 
Commander Bowman said 
there had been no confusion 
bat that it had been difficult at 
first to pinpoint the blaze. 

"Everybody reacted re- 
markably quickly, considering 
that most of them were asleep 
at the time. Fog and fire are 
the two great dreads of all 

After the fire: Illustrious limping back into Ports mouth harbour yesterday. 



Captain Alan Grose: praise for his crew 
seamen. It is quite frightening the South Atlantic battles, 

to advance along 
corridor in intense heat, to- 
wards an extremely fierce fire. 

“ However the conduct of 
the attack team was absolutely 
correct But for them, the 
consequences could have been 
much more serious." 

Nobody was in the gear- 
room, housing a 200-ton gear- 
box the size of a small house, 
when it exploded - but two 
seamen had a narrow escape. 

Chief Petty Officer Martin 
Smith, aged 33, of Hflsea, 
Portsmouth, and leading Ma- 
rine Engineer Philip Stephens 
left the room five urinates 
earlier for a cup of coffee. 

Lessons (earned in the Falk- 
land campaign helped to pro- 
tect the 1,500 crew as dense 
smoke swirled below decks. 
All were equipped with breath- 
ing apparatus produced since 

Captain Grose said tin in- 
vestigators were looking at 
whether the explosion had 
implications for other navy 
vessels, or whether it was an 
isolated incident. 

The aim of "Global 86" via 
the Atlantic, Pacific and Indi- 
an Ocean, is to participate in 
exercises with allied forces 
and to increase British defence 
sales. The maneouvres were to 
have began with an anti- 
submarine exercise off the 
west coast of France 

HMS Illnstrioas, which en- 
tered service in June, 1982, is 
the second of three aircraft 
carriers of similar design 
which have entered service 
since the late 1970s. The first 
was the Invincible and the 
latest Ark Royal, which first 
sailed last July. 

Firefighters: Chief Petty Officer Nick Aldridge (left); Petty 
Officer Steve Levitt and Warrant Officer Wilkl Feebery. 

speak out 
in defence 

Vienna (Renter) — Nine 
people who knew Dr Kurt 
Waldheim between 1937 zaA 
1945 yesterday spoke out in 
his defence ax a news confer, 
ence called by the organizers 
of his campaign for the Austxi. 
an presidency. 

Fellow officers and subordi- 
nates who served whh Dr 
Waldheim in the Balkans 
backed up his siatemcm.tbat 
he was not involved m atroc- 
ities against Yugoslav parti, 
sons and knew nothing about 
the deportation of Greek Jews. 

But the -Witnesses From 
the Past” conference was dis- 
turbed by demonstrators who 
unfolded paper ban nets silent- 
ly behind the speakers. “We 
want Hitler as a defence 
witness,” read one. “Memory 
gap for {Resident,’* ran a 
second. A third quoted Dr 
Waldheim's repeated posi- 
tion: “I first learnt of Jewish 
deportations from Salonika as 

The speakers ignored the 


Mr Fritz Molden. who was 
involved in clearing Dr Wald- 
heim in 1945 for service in 
Austria’s post-war Foreign 
Ministry, said be was checked 
against any Nazi taint within a 
week by Austria's Interior 
Ministry and two American 
organizations, including the 
forerunner to the Central In- 
telligence Agency. 

“There was nothing in the 
files that could have shown 
that Waldheim was a Nazi," 
Mr Molden said. "It wouI£ 
have been unimaginable for 
the Foreign Ministry to have 
taken him on if he was in the 
SA, the (elite Nazi) SS or 
anything else.” 

Leading article, page 13 

Police seek Arab for TWA bomb 

Continued from pagel 
in Athens with the Greek 
Government's permission to 
cooperate with Greek experts 
in establishing the facts. 

The FBI agents yesterday 
searched the luggage and car- 
go, which had been left on the 
plane untouched. The surviv- 
ing passengers were being 
questioned by Greek security 

Captain Peterson, who had 

been .interrogated by Greek 
police for nine hours, said he 
could not rule out that the 
explosive had come on board 
in Cairo. “These weapons are 
getting across the line 
somehow.” But, he added, he 
did not know how security 
checks could be improved 

• BEIRUT: Vowing to launch 
further attacks against Ameri- 
can targets “across the world," 

an anonymous caller 
day claimed responsibility for 
the bombing of the TWA jet 
on behalf of a group believed 
to have links with Abu Nidal 
(Our Correspondent writes). 

The claim was made by a 
male caller to a Western news 
agency in west BdruL 

In heavily Palestinian-ac- 
cented Arabic, he said the 
bombing of the flight was th . 
work of the Arab Revolution- 
ary Cells. 


seum, Cambridge; Tues to Sat 2 
to 5. Sun 2.15 to 5. 

A Show of Hands; Graves An 
Gallery, Surrey St, Sheffield; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 8, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends April 19). 

Pate de verre by Diana Hob- 
son: Crafts Council Shop, Vic- 
toria & Albert Museum. SW7; 
Mon to Thurs 10 to 5.40, Sat 10 
to 5.30, Sun 2.30 to 5.30, dosed 
Friday lends April 17). 

Last chance to see 

Cadbury's National Ex- 
hibition of Children’s Art; 
Derby City Museum and Art 
Gallery. 10 to 5. 


Recital by Donna Deam (so- 
prano) with Musica Dolce; St 
James's. Piccadilly. Wl, I.IQ. 

Concert by the Hartley Trio; 
Wigmore Hall, 36 Wigmore St, 
WI. 7.30. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra; 
GuildhalLSoufcispton. 8. 

Guitar recital by Neil Smith; 
Grundy Art Gallery, Queen St, 
Blackpool, 12.45. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Sinfonietia with Evangelos and 
Li ra (guitar); St Andrew's, 
Chippenham, 7.30. 

Piano recital by John Savory, 
Art Gallery, Bury St Edmunds, 

Talks, lectures, films 

Lauirement in the House of 
Fictions: Paolozzi and ex- 
hibitionism. by Anthony Sbd- 
ton: Museum of Mankind, 6 
Burlington Gardens. Wl. I. 

Masterpieces of Persian, 
Turkish and Mughal painting. 
12; Manuscript treasures from 
India. 2.30. both by Barbara 
Brend: The British Museum, 
Great Russell St. WC1. 

Die Bnlcke (film); York City 
An Gallery, Exhibition Sq, 1 
and 3. 

The Planet Uranus: past and 
present, by Prof A J Meadows; 
The Pump Room. Bath. 7.30. 

Austen Lecture: Life and 
Death: Medical ethics and the 
law, by Prof D D Raphael; The 
Council Chamber, Leeds 
University. 5.30. 


Model and Hobby World; 
Alexandra Park. N22. today, 
tomorrow and Sunday 10 to 8 
(ends April 6). 

Fan making workshop: Mu- 
seum of London. London Wall. 
EC2. 1 1 to l and 2 to 4. 

British International An- 
tiques Fair. National Exhibition 
Centre. Birmingham, today, to- 
morrow 11 to 9. Sun II to 6. 
Mon and Tues 1 1 to 9. Wed 1 1 
to 6 (ends April 9). 

The pound 


Australia S 2-14 

Austria Scfa 2580 

BrtakimFr 7480 

Canada S 2.11 

Danmark Kr 1X37 

Roland Mkh 8.10 

Franca Ft 11.09 

Germany Dm 381 

Graeco Dr 23X00 

hong Kong S 11.70 

Ireland P! 1-20 

Holy Lira 244SJM 

Japan Van 27600 

Nether la nds GW A04 

Norway Kr 11.15 

Portugal Esc 231.00 

South Africa Rd 4.10 

SpatoPIS 22530 

Sweden Kr 11.30 

Switzerland Fr 3-01 

USAS 1-S23 

Yugoslavia Die 54040 

Rates tor smaB denomination bar* nows 
only as suppled by Barclays Bank PLC. 
DHterent rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and tan or foreign currency 

Ratal Price Index; 381.1 

























London: The FT index dosed up 6-5 at 

Food prices 

Meat prices have not changed 
much since Easter, but most 
butchers will have special offers. 
A few of this week's good buys 
are: Dew hunt New Zealand 
lamb kgs £1.39 a lb and 
Dewftcsh turkeys, with no ad- 
ditives or water, 99p a Hr, Fine 
Fare beef topside and silverside 
£1.84 a lb; Safeway New Zea- 
land Iamb rib chops £1.19 a lb 
and loin chops £1.29 a lb; 
Sains bury English pork shoul- 
der £ 1 J6 a lb and back and top 
rib of beef £1.52; Bejara sirloin 
steak £3.44 a lb and pork chops 
99p a Hr, Teaco New Zealand 
lamb chops £1.24 and braising 
steak £1.58 a Itx 

Most fish should be cheaper 
by the weekend. Look out for 
fanned trout and salmon. More 
than 1,500 boxes of salmon 
arrived at Billingsgate this week, 
and prices could be low. 

Home grown vegetables, 
particularly greens and cab- 
bages. have been badly affected 
by February's weather. Many 
punts were killed off and others 
severely retarded. Although 
there are plenty of potatoes and 
carrots around, their quality 
leaves a lot to be desired. 
Supplies of cauliflower, supple- 
mented by produce from Brit- 
tany and Jersey, are excellent 
and a best buy at 45-50p- There 
are adequate supplies of pars- 
nips at 25-30p a lb, onions 10- 
20p lb and swedes 15-20p a lb. 
Egyptian King Edward and Cara 
potatoes at 15-10p a lb are 
excellent Broccoli from Spain 
and Italy 90p-£l-20p a lb, 
mangetout £1.50-£2 a lb and 
courgettes 60-90p a !b. 

Iceberg lettuce is good value 
at 50-60p a head; Spanish and 
Israeli celery 35-4Sp a head, 
cooked beetroot 28-35p a lb. 
Maroc tomatoes 35-50p a lb. 
green and red peppers 80p-£l 
and avocados from 25p each. 


Births: Grinling Gibbous, 
woodcarver. Rotterdam . 1648: 
Sir William Siemens, metallur- 
gist and inventor. Lenthe, Ger- 
many. 1823: Rent de Covrmoat, 
writer, Bazoches-en-Moulmes. 
France. 1858; Maurice de Vla- 
minck, painter, Paris, 1876. 

Deaths: Oliver Goldsmith. 
London, 1774; William Hear? 
Harrison, general and ninth 
president of the USA served 
only one month, March -April 
1841, Washington. 1841; Carl 
Benz, automobile engineer, 
Ladenbure, Germany, 1929; 
Martin Luther King, assas- 
sinated. Memphis, Tennessee. 

North Atlantic Treaty (Nato) 
signed in Washington. 1949. 

Top Films 

The top bOKHBfflcu fHres in Lon- 


1(1 Out of Africa 
2 3 
3' 2 

4 4 White Nights 
5(5 Ran 

6(6) Young Sheriock Holmes & 
Pyramid Fear 

Back to the Future 
No Surrender 
IQss of the Spider Woman 
The top fBms In the provinces: 

1 Clockwise 

2 Bamfai 

3 Out of Africa 

4 Young Sherlock Hotmes & Pyr- 
amid of Fear 

5 Commando 

BurAwI by gam touH re f 

Top video rentals 

Return of tfnJscB 
Pofice Academy 2: Thdr 1st 
Brewster's MSions 
Rambo: First Blood 2 

. Gremlins 
JO Bkdy 
(IS Lightblast 
10(8) Beverly rate Cep 

Supplied by ran Statons 


London and tonNnt swoop: in- 

version lor traffic approaching the nine* 
tion of the A222 Staton Rd and On A211 

High Si Akfc Roadworks on Western Aw. 

Acton wr* restrict the flow of westbound 

traffic near Farit Royal Underground 

station. HI: Lane ctosures on soutfacwid 

carriageway between junction BA IM25) 

and 6 (Watford) may cause delays 
between 1030 am and 4.30 pm. 
ito Rfldtadc Ml: Contraflow between 

functions 1 5 (A508) and 1 6 (A45 Davontiyt; 

slip roads at junction 16 dosed. AA46: 

Reconstruction work continues to affect 

die CotesM bypass. A«l: Roadworks 

causing delays on the mam Birmingham to 

Warwick road at Hatton. 

Wafea «ud weatMS: Lana downs and 

contraflow between junctions 8 (M50) and 

9 (TewKestxry). A3& One lane dosed 

northbound on the Ashburton to Plymouth 

road at Ashburton. A4& Single line traffic 

westbound on the Newport to CardUt read 

The Noife Mb Lane closures between 
functions 31 and 32; single hie traffic wn 
operate tor short periods. Ml: Construc- 

tion of new motorway He at Walton 
Summit inside lane closures on both 

carriageways at the junction of M61 and 

MB. AS9: Swm delays at three dUsrunt 

locations on Rfoe Lane. Liverpool: di- 

version signposted; temporary Bghtsin 

Seottond: ATS: Single Bne traffic at 

Eastriggs between Threave Bridge mid 

Creetown. Dumfries and Baflowsy. ATT: 
Traffic reduced to one lane in each 

drecdon In Cafder Rd. StatnhUL Lomfati. 

AS: Various roadworks between bwer- 

ness and Strtng: delays at Keswick, Wol 

Etmon, Dunblane, ana other tocas o ns . 

tafwnatfan soppBad by AA 

£250,000 bonds 

lining i 

month's £250.000 Premium 
Bond prize is 2CT 076495. The 
winner lives in Middlesex. 

Snow reports 

Depth Conditions Weather 

(cm) Off Runs to 

L U 


St Anton 40 370 

Snow very heavy by noon 

La Piagne 165 350 

Snow good above 1 500m 

Courmayeur 110 250 
Snow falling steadily 
Andermatt 30 190 

Slush on lower runs 
Davos 50 180 

Slushy on lower slopes 
Les Dtablerets 20 80 

Slush on lower slopes 

In the above reports, supplied by representatives of the Ski Club of Greet 
Britain, L refers to lower slopes amt U to upper, and art to artificial. 

















powder good 




















A showery N to NE 
airflow wfll cover die 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, E England, East 
AngBa: Sunny intervals and show- 
ers, some heavy with hail, thunder 
and mow in places: wind N to NE 
light or moderate; max tamp 8C 

Central S, central N England, 
Hkflands: Misty at first but sunny 
intervals and showers developing 
the morning: the showers wifi 
die out dining the evening; 
wind fl to NE Hght or moderate; max 

■awl Istands, SW. NW En- 
Wales, Lake District, Me of 
SW, NW, Scotland, Glasgow, 
Argyll, Northern Ireland: Sunny 
intervals and isolated showers, 
falling as snow over high ground; 
wind N to NE moderate; max temp 
11C (52F), but colder on exposed 

mTTa ~ A r A 

NOON TODAY Prauni to ibowa In nriSbaa FRONTS Warm Cold OccmM 

D»nMi m «l w Wad 

HE England, Borders, Edinburgh, 
Dundee, Aberdeen, Central High- 
lands, Moray Ferth, NE Scot la n d: 
Surety intervals and showers, some 
heavy with hail and thunder and 
fafiing as snow over high ground; 
wind N to NE moderate; max temp 

Orkney, Shetland: Sunny inter- 

vals and scattered showers; wind N 
moderate; max temp 7C (45F). 

Outlook for tom orrow and Sun- 
day: Little change. 

High Tides 

Sun Riws: Sun Sets: 
680 am 7.38 pm 

Moon rises Moon sets: 
5.24 am 1.53 pm 

New moon: Aprfl 9 

b-tifue sky: bc-btae sky and dead: c- 
douCty; iHnrntait Mow d-drtazie iv 
ftall: mtst-mM: rraln: s-enow? Hv 
ttuuvteretorm: p-abowera. 

Arrows allow wind dbvctlon, wind 
speed unph) circled. Temperature 


T> v 

w : \ '.M ji.k! 


IJiK . 


■ y ' 


E-V. : 

■' * J- 1 


■ *<'; 



I'* 1 .- 


r 2T 



^ ta 

■ X 1 ,J 



B:ii . 




4 , •' | 




■T* ' 

■T 1 


ffi . 



Around Britain 

Lighting-up time 

Lo n don 8.08 pm to 5.58 am 

Bristol 8.18 inn to 6.08 am 
EtSnbugh 826 pro to 6.04 am 
" it &19 pm to 6.04 am 

828 pm to 6^1 am 



Temperatures at midday y este rd a y: 

cloud; f. lair r, rain; s. sun. 

C F 

745 Guernsey 

541 town e es 

746 Jersey 
846 London 

745 Brnctnter 

746 Newcastle 
846 RTAtoway 


Sun Rein Max 
his in C F 


Scarbora S3 - 8 48 Sumy 

7.5 - 8 48 Sumy 

02 10 50 Brigtt 

- 9 48 Sumy 

- 10 50 Sunny 

- 10 50 Sumy 

- 8 4® Sunfly“ 

- 8 46 Sumy 

- 10 SO Sunny 

- 9 48 Sumy 
10 50 Hail 

- ’2 52 

- 9 48 Sumy 
.06 10 50 Hal 

Sun Rain 
res to 

■Iw co rebe 4.0 m 
Tbnby 82 -04 
CmsynBay TOO j05 

Douglas &6 - 


62 27 
32 - 

64 iM 
6-9 .02 
_ SB .07 

Bfpool Akpt 102 .OS 

C F 

7 45 BrfgM 
9 48 Sumy 
7 45 Sumy 
9 48 Shower* 
7 45 Sumy 




Montja^-sauujiiay record your dotty 

Add these together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total 
K your Mai matches the published 

" dividend Retire you have won 

i or a share of the pries money 
for that week, and must dam 
your prize Wtasguggd below. 

You must, lave your card wffli you 
when you t el ephone. 

U you .are unaUe u telephone 
someone else can claim on your Miulf 

between Uie s H w d a te d tones. 

No responsibility can 

for tallive to contact the 

for any reason wtuun the staled 

The above instructions . 
pUcabte ln both daily and 

ire as- 

.. weekly 

dividend claims. 

•Some Times Portfolio cants include 

minor misprints in Ihe instruct i ons on 

rite rrvtrw side. The* cards are not 

■The wording of Rules 2 and 5 has 
been expanded front earlier veratom 
for ciartfleauon punxnea. The Game 

Itself ta not affected and will continue 

to be stayed tn exactly the same way 

as before. 


IflM Printed by London Post > Print- 

ers > Limited of 1 Virginia Street. 
London El 9XN. Friday. April 4. 
1986- Reusaered as a newspaper at 
Ihe Port*" 

97 IS 
Wey m o u t h 7.3 jn 
Emnotoh 9 3 m 
Ttogmopth 10.0 .01 
Torqnay BA 
FatotoWh 82 D3 
Pe na nce 6.9 XU 
Jersey 10.1 

westcSast* 3 " 

Sctoy tolas 10.0 £1 
Newquay 52 JJ5 

10 50 Shower 

13! S3 

9 48 Sunny 
.10 50 Sumy 

8 46 Sumy 

9 46 Sumy 

11 52 Sumy . 
IT 52 HaS 

9 48 
10 50 


Lsra rt cfc 



*L Andrews 

43 .01 
42 21 

58 .14 

42 .19. 
7 A SB. 
78 - 

78 - 

68 JOT 
28 - 
18 .04 
42 80 
88 83 

68 - 

98 .13 

9 48 MB 
B 48 Cloudy 

8 46 9mwere 

8-48 Shossra 

a 46 StoM 

7 45 Sumy 

9 48 Bright 

8 46 Shows 

9 48 Bright 

8 46 Hal 

9 48 Sumy 

9 46 Showen 

8 46 Showers 

7 45 Showen 

6 43 Hai 

7 45 Hal 

9 48 Showers 

8 46 Showen 

8 48 Sunny 

9 48 Sumy 

Tbeew sm Wednesday's Agame 


B Altai* 



a 21 70 TrtAvhr 

S » 70 Tokyo* 0 
c 16 61 Toroata* 
s 9 48 IMS 
( 9 48 Valencia 
a 22 72 Vene’vei* 
C 21 70 VMM 
s 13 55 Vienna 
c 3 37 Vtareaw 
s 21 70 Wwh*ton 
f 31 88 Warmth' 
s 27 ar zwin 

‘b figures are latest arafiabto 




..FRIDAY APRn ; it I9g6 





4.1, * K 1 


-Ow, • 


FT 30 Share 
1425,9 (+6.5) 

FT-SE 100 
1717.6 (+14.7) 


US Dollar 
1.4600 (-0.0135) 

W German mark 
3-4806 (-0.0079) 


76.5 (same) . . 

& Colman, the 
products group. 




l-r- r 

■ V W 

. ■- r~T IT 


By Jeremy WanKST, Business Correspondent 
The Department of Trade haveacuritogetherwsecurea 

particular outcome in the 
tussle between Sikorsky and a 
consortium of European aero- 
space companies for 
Westland's band. 

This would be an offence 
under the 1985 Companies 


and Industry is to be asked to 
investigate possible breaches 
of the Companies Act during 
the bitter proxy battle among 
Westland shareholders last 

The Stock Exchange is ex- 

Air group’s 
£78m issue 

Guinness Peat Aviation, the 
world’s largest aircraft operat- 
ing lease company, yesterday 
announced the private place- 
ment of Si 15 million (£78.76 
million) of convertible pre- 
ferred shares with Japanese, 
European and US investors. 

The placement, which was 
oversubscribed from an origi- 
nal $100 million, ttes trebled 
the company's equity to $190 

The largest subscribers to 
the placement were Long 
Term Credit Bank of Japan, 
g ■ which took a total of $55 

$ - J million. Prudential Insurance 

.• Corporation of America and 

.-C '-General Electric Credit 
■/.' • Coporation. 

Reckitt lift 


^£_7j £. ' household , o 

' ‘ — -I lifted profits’ from £10fTnu£ 

i \1 ' M • ‘ lion to £123 million before tax 
L >> A hf,’ in the year to January 4. 
* 1 •• - Turnover rose from : £1.12 

billion to £1.27 billion and the 
- "• ■; final dividend is increased 
■ from 8.8p to 10p. 

:r - Tempos, page 19 

Ibstock lower 

Ibstock Johnsen. tbe brick 
manufacturer, made pretax 
--x. profits of £11.4 million in 
1985, down from £12.4 mil- 
lion. Turnover moved ahead 
from £51.1 million to £53.9 
- million and the dividend is 
increased by 0.8p to 4.8p. 
Tempos, page 19 

Record sale 

Barclays Bank of Kenya is 
planning the biggest-ever 
stock flotation on.the Nairobi 
. stock exchange by sellingnp to 
5 million shares”to Kenyan 
citizens. The- flotation - is 
aimed at transferring 30 per 
cent of the bank's ownership 
from London to Kenyan 

Peel issue 

Peel, the property develop- 
er. says it will save more than 
£1 million a year in interest 
charges through the issue of 
£35 million 9% per cent 
debenture stock .2011. The 
proceeds will refinance medi- 
um term borrowings.' 

Bid prospect 

Bacon Co of Ireland says it 
is in discussions with other 
parties which may -lead to a 
bid. No other derails have 
been disclosed. 

All clear 

The Trade Secretary has 
decided not to refer the follow- 
ing proposed acquisitions to 
the Monopolies Commssion: 
Smith Bros and Scott Goff 
Layton; Banque Bruxelles 
Lambert and Williams de 
Broe Hill Chaplin; and Hill 
Samuel Group and Wood 

Govett talks 

Govett Atlantic Investment 
Trust and Govett Enterprise 
Investment Trust are in dis- 
cussions which may lead to 
Atlantic buying the shares m 
Enterprise it does not already 

Oxford deal 

Oxford Instruments has 
conditionally agreed to ac- 
quire the outstandin g mi nor- 
ity partnership interest m 
(Sxford Superconducting of 
New Jersey, a specialized mag- 
net manufecturer, for an esti- 
mated SI 2.4 million (£8.4 

peaed to make the request Act and would warrant tbe 
after completing its inyestiga- appointment of inspectors by 

1 ¥L c ?E5? vere ®L Weja “ Mr Pwl Channon, tbe Trade 
land share dealings that took and Industry Secretary, 
place in the run up to a crucial The Stock Exchange's 
shareholders meeting which port on the share 

voted in favbuiF of a 
Sikorsky/Fiat £80 million res- 
cue package, 

The Stock Exchange's three- 
man investigating committee 
has concluded that there is no 
case for disciplinary action 
against members of the mar- 
ket involved in the transac- 
tions because there was no 
breach either of Stock Ex- 
change rules or the takeover 

However, it does suggest 
that the Department of Trade 
and Industry ought to investi- 
gate the possible existence of a 
secret concert party or group 
of shareholders which may 

unlikely to 

Instead* the excl 
council is expected to pubu* 
a statement naming the three 
stockbraking firms which act- 
ed on behalf of the six mystery 
shareholders who bought into 
Westland before the 
shareholders' meeting on 
Febuary 12. 

The stockbroking firms 
were Rowe & Pitman, 
Scrimgeour Vickers and 

The Slock Exchange’s in- 
vestigating committee, 
chaired by Mr Peter Wills, a 
former deputy chairman of 

Pan) Channon; 
tbe exchange, is believed to 
have concluded that it would 
be difficult to prove the 
existence of a concert party 
although there are grounds for 
suspecting it. 

The inquiry started in early 
February after allegations that 
a false market had developed 
in Westland shares. At one 
stage prices of up to 125p a 
share were being offered by 
mystery buyers for big parcels 
of shares. Small shareholders 
on the other hand were being 
offered no more than the 
market price of 90p a share. 

A Stock Exchange report 

later revealed that six mystery 
shareholders, including three 
Swiss bank nominees, held 
20.33 per cent interest in tbe 

Westland has attempted to 
investigate tbe ultimate bene- 
ficial owners of these shares 
using powers under section 
212 of the Companies Acl 
TNT. the Australian transport 
group, has confirmed that it is 
the beneficial owner of a 4.99 
per cent stake but the other 
shareholders have yet to reply 
to letters requesting details of 

Mr Michael Baughan of 
Lazard Brothers, the mer- 
chant bank, said TNT had 
denied it was acting in concert 
with any other shareholder. 

The buyers who acted for 
beneficial owners, as yet 
undiscolosed, were Sterling 
Trust, based m Geneva, Gulf 
and Occidental Investment 
Bank, Lynx Marketing, regis- 
tered in Panama, and two 
Swiss bank nominees under 
the name of Dreyfus. 

The Stock Exchange is ex- 
pected to propose a new set of 
rules to deal with Westland- 
like proxy battles 

US move 

oil price 

By Teresa Poole 

.North Sea oil prices slipped 
back again yesterday after the 
US Administration mada ft 
dear that the free market 
should be allowed to set oil 

^ The reports at first sent 
crude prices down by as much, 
as a dollar, wiping out the 
gains of the previous day 
when. Vice-President George 
Bush' had said he would 
discuss the stabilization of the 
oil price, when be. arrives in 
Sandi Arabia on Saturday. 

But 'the stock market 
off nervousness in 
market and closed at a 


of agreement on cuts 

new record with the FT 30- 
share index up 6 A at 1,425.9. 
The pound lost 13 cents to 

The price of Brent, Britain's 
benchmark crude, breached 
the $10 a barrel level for the 
second time this week when a 
cargo for delivery in July was 
traded at $9.90. 

Cargos for delivery in May 
foil to $10.05 a barrel in early 
trading but then recovered to 
$10.40 a barrel in the absence 
of many sellers. 

In quiet but volatile trading, 
traders dismissed reports that 
DrSubroto, (he Indonesian oil 
minister, expected tbe Organi- 
zation of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries to agree on produc- 
tion cuts at this month's 

Dr Subroto confirmed that 
the April 1 5 meeting would go 
ahead and said his proposals 
for a 12 or 14 per cent cut in 
the 16 million barrels a day 
production ceiling would be 

Meanwhile, Sheikh Ah al- 
Khalifa al-Sabah, the Kuwaiti 
oil- minister, said be was 
confident oft prices would rise 

In tbe US, pessimism about 
tbe oil price was further 
encouraged when the weekly 
Inventory figures showed an 
unexpected build-up in slocks 
of crude. 

Two City self-regulating 
organizations to merge 

The shape of the self-regula- 
tory framework for tbe City is 
likely to become a little dearer 
within the next few weeks. 

Two of tbe intended self- 
regulatory organizations arc to 
announce that they are to 
merge, while a third is likely to 
be canvassing for members by 
the end of this month. 

The chief executive of tbe 
National Association of Secu- 
rities Dealers and Investment 
Managers (Nasdim), Mr John 
Grant, said yesterday that 
Nasdim and the Life and Unit 
Trust Intermediaries Regula- 
tory Organization (LUT1RO) 
would be merging, although a 

By Lawrence Lever 
The merger has been en- 
couraged by the Securities and 
Investments Board (SIB), 
which would like five self- 
regulatory organizations oper- 
ating beneath it. 

Mr Grant said that many of 
Nasdim's members are al- 
ready providing services 
analagous to life and unit trust 
intermediaries, hence a merg- 
er with LUTIRO made sense. 

The chairman of the 
LUTIRO organizing commit- 
tee. Mr Henry White-Smith, 
said yesterday that some of the 
existing intermediaries would 
decide to become company 
representatives rather than 

formal announcement would fece the costs of joining a self- 
not be made at least until the regulatory organization, while 
end of this month. others would not satisfy the 

“We have not yet decided, tests of competence, 
oh a name for the combined The formation of another 
group”, Mr Giant said. srifcw y|r3ni fr fltinn — 

The Life Assurance and Unit 
Trust Regulatory Organiza- 
tion (LAUTRO) - moved a 
step closer this week. 

The various working parties 
set up by the LAUTRO steer- 
ing group this week produced 
a consolidated report on as- 
pects of the marketing of life 
assurance and unit trusts, 
together with a draft prospec- 
tus for membership of 

The draft prospectus will be 
considered at a meeting of the 
steering group scheduled for 
next Tuesday and, subject to 
the approval of the group, it 
will be sent out by the end of 
next week. 

The membership of 
LAUTRO will be primarily 
composed of authorized insur- 
ance companies and managers 
of authorized unit trusts. 

Acorn confident 
as losses fall 

By Carol Ferguson 

Acorn Computer Group, 
ranker of the BBC micro 
computer, which came peril- 
ously dose to going under last 
year before bring rescued by 
Olivetti, sees no reason to 
make a loss in 1986. 

Mr Brian Long, the manag- 
ing director, would not commit 
himself to a specific profit 
forecast, tat he hoped to do a 
little better break even in 
tbe year to December 1986, 
after 18 months rf losses. 

For the period to December 
1985, the first six months of 
operation since being rescued 
by Olivetti, Acorn yesterday 
repented a pretax loss of £2 3 
mil] km. 

Compared with the £22.2 
ntiUion loss reported in die 
year to June 1985, this is a 
significant Improvement 
which is due in large measure 
to the reduction of excess 
stocks and purchase commit- 
ments, streamlining; of corpo- 
rate activities and reducing 

The year-end has been 
moved from Jnse to December 
to bring it iuto tine with that of 
the Olivetti Group which now 
owns 79.4 per cent of Acorn’s 

annual report is doe out 
shortly, like laud year, the 
accounts will be qualified by 
the auditors in respect of a 
possible underpayment of Val- 
ue Added Tax of £2ii minion. 

In 1985, Customs and Excise 
feared that Acorn may be 
insolvent, and needed to make 
an assessment in order to rank 

as a creditor. _ Poor record 
keeping made it diffic u l t to 
agree the amount immediately. 

Acorn has provided 
£345,000 m the latest ac- 
counts, in its view a generous 
estimate of the eventual liabil- 
ity including profess kmial 
fees. Because the assessment 
is stil in force, the auditors 
have taken the view t hat th e 
accp up te should be qualified. 

Acorn expects to se ttle w ith 
Customs and Excise within a 

Having Olivetti as the major 
shareholder will allow Acorn 
the luxury of being able to 
spend oae-durd of its capital 
expenditure on research and 

Turnover for the first three 
mouths of 1986 is slightly 
ahead of last, but business is 
still heavily dependent on the 
BBC micro. For the six 
months to June 1986, the BBC 
micr o will account for nearly 
90 per cent of turnover - 

This wiU foil to around 70 
per cent in the second halt 
From 1987 on. Acorn envis- 
ages that only 56 per cent of 
sales wiU be products of that 
type, the balance being OEM. 

No dividend is being de- 
clared, and none is envisaged 
for the foreseeable future. 

TKM tops 

By Teresa Poole 

Mr Ron Brieriey, the New 
Zealand entrepreneur, yester- 

day bolstered his £100 million 
bid for the Kenning Motor 
Group with better than fore- 
cast results for Tozer Kerosley 
&. Millbourn, the motor dis- 
tributor in which tbe Brieriey 
subsidiary IEP Finance holds 
a 62 per cent stake. 

Tozer’s profits before excep- 
tional items were £6.05 mil- 
lion compared with a forecast 
of £4' million made at the time 
of tbe rights issue in Novem- 

The share offer for Kenning, 
by Tozer and IEP Finance, is 
now worth 236p a share with 
the Tozer convertible prefer- 
ence shares at 135p. Kenning 
yesterday dosed 3p higher at 

In the formal offer docu- 
ment published with the re- 
sults, the board of Tozer 
accused the Kenning manage- 
ment of lacking both direction 
and logic. 

Tozer’s chief executive, Mr 
Reg Heath, said- “The compa- 
ny is badly directed, has lost 
its way totally, and needs fresh 
management at the top." 

Mr Brieriey already owns 
29.9 per cent of Kenning and 
if the offer were fully taken up 
his stake in Tozer would 
emerge at around 55 per cent 

w -j£. 




«j* * 


i overseas appointments 
: ^ SKomXaccountancy 

• , ••• A wide range of management appointments appeals 

T -S ' every Thursday- 


- k : 





Last post in 
Imps battle 

By Alison Eadie 

The final appeals to Imperi- 
al shareholders were mailed 
yesterday by rival bidden 
United Biscuits and Hanson 
Trust as well as by imperial 


UB and Imperial continued 
to stress the commercial logic 
of their agreed merger, which 
they said would produce 17 
percent more income than the 
Hanson bid, comparable capi- 
tal value and would make 100 
per cent comraonsense. 

Hanson Trust continued to 
ktreis that its best offer was. 
worth more than UB’s best 
offer. It . also said, it had an 
outstanding record of improv- 
ing tbe performance of the 
[companies .it buys. 

UB's final closing date is 
April l l. At yesterday’s prices 
its offer was worth 362p a 
share or £2.75 billion against 
Hanson offer of 380p a share 
or £2.88 billion, imperial 
shares were unchanged at 


Dixons -_£3fe> <+§§■») 

Woolworths - 890p (+257p) 

New York 

Dow Jones 179Z39(-£87) 

WH Smith A 363p (+24p) 

Reckitt and C 900p(+64p) 


Nikkei Dow — 1527224 (-28327) 
Hong Kong: 

Hang Sang 1625^0 (+21.93) 

Amsterdam; Gen 268.9 (4-1.6) 

Sydney: AO 1144.2 +A2) 

Scot Heritable IBBp l+14p) 

Christies Inti 325p(+12pj 

Guardian Ryl 9i4p (+39pi 

Sun All 749p(+36p 

Govett Enterprises — 203p (+38p| 


Commerzbank 2124.0 (+1 65} 


General 609.46 (+27.29) 

Paris: CAC . - 354.4 (samp) 

Art Cars PPSp 



SKA General 509-40 (same) . 


X j 




London Fixing; 
dose S333.00-33A50 (£228.00- 

New York: 


London; New Yorfc 

E; $1.4600 £51.4597 

£: DM3.4608 SiDMZSWO 

E;SwFA9112 & Index: 120S 
£ FFr10.8040 

£ Yen262.14 ECU 20623928 

£ lnde»7W SDR £0.770759 




Kus Circle 696p (+25p) 

Amec 2B8p i+15pf 

Portals . 800p (+15p) 

Vickers . 528p(+15p) 

Plastic Const 82p (+14p) 

EXstflJsrs .688pr+l8pj 

CMOTteA 224p(+22pj 

WM Morrison 200p (+1Bp) 

Harris Gnswy ______ 296p (+22p) 


Bank Base: 11 

3-month Interbank 11 & i«-11 3 nflt 
3-month eligible bats.i0^ 7 a»- ,3 i«% 
buying rate 

Prime Rate 9% 

Federal Funds 7H% 

3-month Treasury Bills 6-32"&30% 
SO^ear bonds T 2 l«-i 2 i 


SE to seek inquiry into 
‘secret’ Westland deals 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Lawson’s ADR tax 
lacks foresight 

The Treasury is often accused of 
being mean but rarely of 
being inept. When the chairmen of 
three of Britain's leading companies 
accuse it of just such a shortcoming, it 
must therefore sit up and take note. 
The occassion was the Budget im- 
position of a discriminatory 5 per 
cent tax on American Depository 
Receipts. It was bound to be viewed, 
the chairmen of BAT Industries, 
Unilever, and British Petroleum said 
in a recent letter to The Times as 
another piece of anti American 

The new tax does indeed seem to 
have been particularly badly thought 
through. It was excused by the 
chancellor in the Budget as a way of 
making up for revenue lost because of 
the halving of stamp duty on share 
transactions. But revenue earning 
ability of the new tax is doubtful. The 
effect will either be to choke off the 
ADR market completely or to drive 
companies into tax avoidance 
schemes as extreme as registering 

Pre-Budget secrecy prevented tbe 
authorities from taking any in depth 
soundings in the City but it surely 
cannot have taken much foresight to 
see that the stock exchange would 
vehemently oppose the ADR tax. 
The Treasury, however, clearly 
lacked the foresight believing the 
stock exchange would welcome any- 
thing that choked off the ADR 
market which over the last five years 
has meant a considerable drain of 
business to the United States and 
other overseas markets. 

If there is one thing markets hate 
more than loss of business, it is 
anything that smacks of protec- 
tionism especially as the era of global 
equity trading approaches. 

There is also another thought 
drifting around those in the City with 
a penchant for conspiracy theories. 
The much muted alternative to 
stamp duty was, before tbe Budget, 
some kind of tax on banking trans- 
actions. The major clearing banks 
jibbed at the idea. But they have 
nothing to fear from anything that 
stifOes the booming ADR market 
since they, and their British based 
securities trading offshoots, are pre- 
vented by the-US Glass-Steagall Act 
from. operating in that market 

Message from ICI 

There are no prizes for answering the 
question “Does industry matter?” — 
especially as the title of Sir John 
Harvey-Jones’s Dimbleby lecture. 
For the question to be controversial 
you have to insert the adjective 
“manufacturing,” and to enter one of 
those proxy political arguments in 
which phrases do duty for ideas. 
Manufacturing industry is no more 
good or bad than public expenditure 
or the infrastructure. 

Sadly, ICI's chairman falls into the 
trap of contrasting manufacturing, 
which does the man's work of 
exporting or wealth creation, with 
services, which are jolly good but not 
like the real thing. In this scheme of 

things, our successful pharmaceutical 
industry (in which ICI plays a notable 
part) has more in common with 
casting manhole covers (manufac- 
turing) than with contract research or 
medicine (services). 

If we remove that false line 
between manufacturing and trade- 
able business as a whole — even if we 
exclude oil as temporary — then Sir 
John's message becomes dearer. 
Overall, we are still losing our share 
of world markets and taking big 
industry for granted instead of 
nurturing it. 

The general climate of opinion 
may be crucial as a background to 
national policy, but it is clearly not 
enough in itself. Sir John bemoans 
the City's short-term view of industry 
but he neglects to note that market 
forces increasingly prevent invest- 
ment managers taking a more 
“responsible” tack. Intervention 
would be needed to change that. 

The ICI chairman does want 
government to suit taxation, energy 
costs and exchange rates to industry’s 
needs. He would also like aid with 
prototypes and support for pure 
science. But he appears to reject 
industrial policy in the sense used in 
Japan and France 

In doing so, he may be neglecting 
some of the things the community 
can supply while asking for certain- 
ties governments cannot offer. 

Banks play it cool 

A weakening in the oil price has been 
foreseen for some time by many of 
the banks. Bui predictions centred on 
$20 a barrel or, according to the real 
Cassandras. $15 a barrel. It is 
probably fair to say that the present 
$10 to $1 1 a barrel only featured in 
“worst case” forecasts. 

There is not only the disruption the 
oil price fail is already causing to 
Third World borrowers such as 
Mexico and Nigeria, but also the 
threat it poses to bank loans to the oil 
sector which are typically secured 
against future oil production at a 
price weft above the current value of 

Yet officially, the banks are staying 
cool. The oil price, they argue, must 
bounce back to reasonable levels. At 
the same time British banks, such as 
Bank of Scotland, which specialize in 
the sector, have been switching their 
businesses out of loan exposures 

If a crisis does come the banks are 
agreed that it will be triggered by 
collapses among small American 
regional banks 

However, small bank collapses are 
nothing unusual in the United States. 
In any case, the shrinking margins on 
energy lending in recent years have 
meant that most of the business has 
been done by the big banks, behind 
which stands the Federal Reserve 
Board and the Federal Deposit 
Insurance Corporation. This argu- 
ment, however, a^ain raises the. 
question of the distinction between 
expendable “small” banks and pro- 
tected “big” ones. 

Booming Burton ‘fit for new bid’ 

Burton, the retailing group 
which includes the 
Debenhams stores, yesterday 
announced a 114 per cent 
increase in pretax profits to 
£74 J million. And, with take- 
over activity again at boiling 
point, Burion appeared to 
indicate that it cannot be ruled 
out of tbe battle for 
Wool worth. 

Mr Mike Wood, the finance 
director, said : “It is a very 
interesting development, and 
we will be looking at the terms 
of the proposed 

A boardroom colleague con- 
firmed that, “if the right 
opportunity occurs,” Burton 

By Cliff Feltham 

was in a position to make an 

Burton's share price rose 8p 
to 354p, reflecting bid interest 
in the stores sector and satis- 
faction at the benefits flowing 
from Debenhams, into which 
Burton has injected nearly 100 
speciality departments such as 
Top Shop, Principles and 
Dorothy Perkins. 

In the last six months group 
sales rose by 135 per cent to 
£620 million. Burton con- 
firmed that Debenhams 
reached its profits forecast for 
Iasi year of £60 million, made 
at the time of the takeover bid, 
while sales in the six months 

rose by 11 per cent over the 
corresponding period. 

The chairman. Mr Ralph 
Halpem, said that parts of 
Debenhams were for sale. It 
hoped to raise about £10 
million from the sale of its 
stake in an American property 
development and was also 
planning to dispose of a chain 
of 55 shoe shops. 

Other parts of the business 
were also under review, in- 
cluding the future of the 
Hamleys toy shop in the West 
End of London. 

Burton is paying an in- 
creased interim dividend of 
!.6p a share, up from L25pj 

Barclays hit 
by £22m 
Italian loss 

From John Earle, Rome 

Barclays Bank's Italian sub- 
sidiary has surprised the Mi- 
lan financial world by 
reportinga 1985 loss of 51,670 
million lira (£22.2 million) 
after breaking even in I9S4. 

An official said, however, 
that 44.500 million lira of] 
these represented bad debts, 
for which British standards of 
accounting has been adopted, 
and that the effective opera- 
tional loss was little more than 
7,000 million lira, mainly due 
to reduced margins on the 
inter-bank market 

Barclays admits that it has 
undergone “rapid and con- 
fused growth” during the 
1980s, taking on loo many 
small, low-quality customers. 
Signor Gian Marco Pctrelli. 
the general manager who 
moved from Citibank in 1 984. 
conducted a reappraisal of] 
strategy and has derided to, 
give priority to advisory and 
other services to larger cus- 

Bank of Scotland 
Home Loan Rate 

Bank of Scotland announces that 
with effect from 1st May, 1986 
Bank of Scotland Home Loan 
Rate will be decreased from 
13.00% per annum to 12.00% 
per annum. 

Bank of Scotland, 

Head Office, 

The Mound, 
Edinburgh, EH1 1YZ. 







ided 30p 

sr, bene- 
i on re- 
oved by 

»l worth 
Dp, well 
as from 

ay saw 

I 293p. 
n next 
h leapt 

ad Col- 
o 900p 
ml and 




itor of 
to de- 
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lion - 
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.fs'.'jv *'* v " "' ,J 

United Biscuit 

The Form — — # ; 

KO BMOF^CCEmS6E^§^SiS3offi?S" , 

« f ****** llt r!Si l nf ^r-T— * 

jl|*l »V ISVtJw^ I "‘ ~~ * ,> ’ : . ^ ^ ^ .7;-' 

TO ACCEPT THE 0»**.* . .-vf • Nt3J1 B eR oHMKERlAL<>Ri>‘^ A 

' " > COMPtCTEBOX .^"OMH-trrE | . 

; : V;:. . ,,; ■.;> : BOXES lAND o BELO^^^ .. , 

i"- S' '. f ••*' S . ,. > * • ■ ' * ’ . ,: ‘ *. * ,.' •• A / ,^/ • */ > • : '. ' / * • ••'• v '" 

. '. • ■ •" •■«.''■ s •%-•..• ' •". V % * •• ...S' .'■ U- .- y ■ . ■ ■'a.-.-: :- / -.'<■■ • '» • x " 

'. . V" v .•'■.'••• . ; \# " ■■■* > l . v * ; ':' • ■••■ < *’ ■ % ' 

V. '•' • • .•. "• A ■. •< * i. i'^v) & * •■*•'* •“*■ 

\our signature could enable you to enjoy an income 
17% greater than that from the highest Hanson offer. 


\ . 1,1 


We, the Imperial Board, urgently and unanimously 
recommend you to reject the unwelcome Hanson bid and 
accept the United Biscuits offer without delay 

The UB Offer: 

•Is fair and reasonable and represents an 
excellent deal for Imperial shareholders. 

•Delivers a gross income of £24-41 for every 
100 Imperial shares: 17% better than that 
from the Hanson alternative with the highest 
capital value. 

•Gives you a valuable investment in a major 
fast-growing consumer business. 

There will be no more offers - from either United 
Biscuits or Hanson Trust 

So please complete your white UB acceptance form 

United Biscuits’ forms must be received by 3 00 pm 
on Friday, 11th April 1986. This is the final closing date 
for the UB offer. 

This is your last opportunity to help create a great 
new British consumer 
company - United Imperial - 
and benefit from its highly 
profitable future. 

■■I I I 3 | ’ id | } ■ I HI tJ | 
■■i j . ■ . »n nun r . 


buses on which the income differential of 17<fc, is calculated an: as set out in Appendix I of Imperial's circular dated 26th March 1986. This advertisement is published by Hambros Bank Ltd. on behalf of Imperial Group pic. The directors of The Imperial Group pic (including those 
who have delegated detailed supervision of this advertisement} have taken all reasonable care to ensure that the facts stated and opinions expressed herein are fair and accurate. The directors accept responsibility accordingly. 





TJ*e Magic Mushroom, Reck. 
*5* Ortman's latest product, 
should end feais that the 

«»mpsn»y is too ^ for ^ 

era- However, shareholders 
might be relieved to know 
gat it is not the 1960s 
hallucinatory substance but 
an air fieshcoer for Ameri- 

Yesterday, the company 


«g" million before lax for 
Jv85, up from £106 million, 
helped by a £17.B -n»Him 
rannound in North America. 

A large part of the im- 
provement on the other side 
of the Atlantic reflected the 
contribution of Airwick, ac- 
qaired last year. This compa- 
ny made pre-interest profits 
of £11 million on sales of 
£162 million. Tire City was 
reassured, however, by talk of 
an improvement in margins, 
at least in Europe, in the 
coming year and news that 
the purchase price has been 
reduced by £50 million to 
£128 million. As a result 
Redritfs shares jumped 43p 
yesterday to 879p. 

There are still worries 
about some aspects . of 
Reddtfs operations. The to- 
tal spending on household 
products remains high, partly 
because of the launch of the 
Magic Mushroom. In theory, 
it should soon foil, at least as 
a proportion of sales. - 

Then there is the problem 
of the pharmaceutical divi- 
sion, where profits fell slight- 
ly last year to £24.1 million. 
The company says this is 
unlikely to grow substantially 
without an overseas 

With net borrowings of 
£41.2 million or 11 per cent 
of shareholders’ funds at the 
year end, Reckm has suffi- 
cient financial resources for 
an acquisition. 

With its own shares trading 
on 16 times earnings, assum- 
ing profits of £139 million 
this year, h cannot afford to 
relax, however inventive the 
marketing team. 

Abbey Life 

! With the benefit of hindsight, 
it is easy to say now that the 
stock market’s euphoria over 
the flotation of Abbey life, 
the unit-linked life company, 
last year was overdone. 

Abbey shares leapt by more 
[ than 50jp from the 280p offer 

pnee as eager investors bat- 
hed for. a slice of the action. 
Only a few months later 
disappointing figures from 
Abbey sent the shares into a 

■ Yesterday’s results — for 
the first fell year since the 
flotation - did a little to help 
the situation, pushing the 
shares up 7p to 21 7p. 

To an extent, tire original 
euphoria was based on a 
misconception. At the time 
many investors believed that 
government plans to scrap 
the State Earnings Related 
Pensions Scheme would lead 
to a pensions bonanza for life 
compames.Bm the Serps 
plans have been radically 
watered down and percep- 
tions of Abbey's prospects 
have suffered accordingly. 

. But a bigger factor in the 
market’s caution towards Ab- 
bey is the company's own 
performance. The figures 
show that the company has 
achieved . tire £33 million 
profit forecast made at flota- 
tion time — it has turned in 
£34.6 million for 1985, op 
from £30 million the year 
before. A 6.9p dividend is 
being paid. 

The result is solid but 
hardly compares with the 
sparkling growth achieved in 
the early 1 9 80s and fells short 
of that now being achieved by 
many of Abbey’s 

Evidence' that the company 
has lost the competitive edge 
it enjoyed a few years ago is 
visible in die sluggish growth 
of new initial commissions, 
up by less than £1 million 
from £45.5 million to £46.4 

Abbey suffered a slack six 
months for new business in 
the middle of 1985. The day 
was saved by a rush mto 
pensions early in the year 
caused by pre-Budget panic 
and an improvement in new 
business at the end of the 

Abbey is sounding more 
optimistic about new busi- 
ness next year but h wffl have 
to be nimble on its feet 

Ibstock Johnsen 

Brick manufacturers have 
been riding, the Hanson 
Trust/London Brick, price 
wave for so long that this year 
may come as a rode shock 
The outlook for further in- 

creases is distinctly unextit 
ing given the high level of 
industry stocks and new 

Ibstock has always boasted 
one of the highest return on 
British brick sales with trad- 
ing margins of 30 per cent. 
Last year, despite price in- 
creases, this slipped to 26 per 
cent because of bad first-half 
weather and disruption from 
a heavy investment pro- 
gramme. Recovery from tire 
severe winter was slower than 
expected and deliveries were 
below those of 1984 with a 
consequent £1 million drop 
in British building products 
trading profits to£14 million. 

In the US, however, tire 
return to profit finally hap- 
pened and budding products 
turnover moved ahead of 
Britain. After reduced first- 
half losses, the second half 
produced £1.4 million in pre- 
mieres! profits and a 4 per 
cent return on sales, which 
points to a sharp improve- 
ment this year. 

A further £2.3 million of 
plant closure costs were 
charged below the line but the 
tidying up in the US is now 
completed and up to £4 
million in trading profits 
should be possible this year. 
It will take a long time for 
margins to approach British 
levels, but the increasin 
popularity of brick m the U 
housing market gives sales 

Fibres — the oddball of the 
group — suffered from felling 
wood pulp prices exacerbated 
by the strong dollar. The 
contribution plummeted 
from £2.3 million to 
£867,000, wiping out much of 
the US improvement 

Capital investment at 
£14.8 million, represents the 
peak of a three-year pro- 
gramme and the company 
admits to having been over- 
stretched. There was greater 
disruption than expected and 
some of the new equipment 
was delayed. The British 
management structure is now 
under review. 

This year’s first-half profits 
will be held bade by tire cold 
weather and the shares, up 2p 
at I88p, look to be up with 
events, assuming profits of 
£15 million for the frill year 
and a prospective rating of: 

fourth bid 
for BHP 

Melbourne (Reuter) - Mr 
Robert Holmes a Court yester- 
day launched a fourth take- 
over bid for Australia's laq 
company, only days after 
withdrawing his previous 
AUSS3.5 biffioo (£1,75 billion) 

But tire financier gave no 
details of his new bid when he 
lodged takeover documents 
with Australia’s corporate au- 
thorities for registration. 

The offer for BHP would 
contain terms, conditions and 
information designed to over- 
come objections raised in 
court action, Mr Holmes A 
Court’s company said. 

Mr Holmes a Court, who 
has been stalking BHP for 
nearly three years, dropped his 
third offer early last week after 
it had been stalled for almost 
six weeks by legal action. 

His takeover vehicle, Bell 
Resources, which holds nearly 
19 per cent of BHP shares, 
said in a stock exchange 
statement it had chosen to 
assume the validity of BMP's 
objections rather than contest 

Market analysts expect Mr 
Holmes a Court to announce 
fob details of his offer today or 

His previous partial bid 
aimed for a minimum 20 per 
cent to a maximum 34 per 
cent of BHFs 1.25 billion 
issued shares on top of his 
current stake which would 
have given him effective 

He had offered to pay 
Aus$7.70 a share, well above 
yesterday's dosing price of 
Aus$6.36, a low level which 
has followed the oil price 
slump, analysts said. 

BHP, which has annual 
sales of Aus$8 billion, earns 
the bulk of its revenue from 
oil production. 

Mr Holmes A Court’s new 
bid would have the advantage 
of knowing much of BHFs 
defence strategy and is expect- 
ed to be pitched at a lower 
share price, analysts said. 

BHP, Australia's biggest oO 
and steel producer, spent tens 
of millions ofdollars in a 
defence campaign which went 
to the courts, government and 
unions in an effort to stop Mr 
Holmes A Court, who re- 
sponded to the Utter corpo- 
rate struggle by proving adept 
at personal promotion in try- 
ing to win the hearts and 
minds of BHFs 180,000 

China acts 
to beat 
cash deals 

From David Bonam 
Hong Kong 

China is to abolish its 
foreign currency certificates in 
an attempt to stomp out black 
market currency deals. 

The certificates, in use since 
1979. are issued to foreigners 
in return for foreign currency 
and can be used in specified 
shops. They were designed to 
prevent unauthorized Chinese 
citizens from buying luxury or 
imported goods on sale to 

They have been traded oh 
the black market at op to 
double their nominal value, 
but observers in Hong Kcmg 
say the Mack market will not 
be eliminated entirely. 

China also plans to ban the 
use of Hong Kong dollars 
which now calculate freely in 
parts of southern China close 
to the British-ruled territory. 

Ramada set to build six 
more UK hotels by 1990 

Ramada, the world's third 
largest hold drain, is poisedto 
open six more hotels in Brit- 
ain' by 1990 with a deal for .a 
new hotel in a regional dty 
expected to be announced 
within a week. 

The company already has a 
hotel in Reading and its 
second British venture, the 
Ramada Renaissance at 
Brighton, is being built. It is 
due to open next spring. 

These are Ramada's re- 
scheduled plans in the wake of 
the cancellation of its agree- 
ment with Internationa] Lei- 
sure Group, the tourism 
company beaded by Mr Harry 
Goodman which includes 

Less than a year ago the 
companies announced a joint 
venture aimed at budding a 
British hotel chain under the 
Ramada banner, with about 
£100 million likely to be 

By Our Industrial Editor 
invesied in eight to ten hotels 
over three or four years. 

But because there have been 
no developments through the 
joint venture it has been 
terminated by mutual con- 

ILG still aims to buBd up its 
hotel interests. It had acquired 
the Barbican City hotel in 
London before the Ramada 
agreement was signed, and 
since the agreement it has 
taken on two other London 
properties, the Charing Cross 
Hotel and the Grosvenor near 
Victoria Station. 

ILG investment in British 
hotels, including refurbishing, 
now exceeds £50 million. The 
company also Iras a joint 
venture with the Ladbroke 
group for developing hotels 
and other holiday accommo- 
dation abroad. 

Initially it had been expect- 
ed the three ILG properties in 

London would operate under 
the Ramada banner but after 
evaluation that idea was 
dropped. Another factor for 
ILG was that, with the new 
purchases it was developing 
its own hotel management 
team, making it less reliant on 
Ramada for such expertise. 

ILG now aims to add about 
six hotels in the London area 
to its British chain within the 
next three years. The joint 
scheme with Ramada had 
envisaged some regional ho- 

Both Ramada and ILG are 
now looking at existing prop- 
erties and new building as 
ways to expand. 

At Ramada, Mr Dan 
Mosczytz, senior vice presi- 
dent, said: ‘The UK remains a 
priority for the next phase of 
Ramada's growth and its ex- 
pansion plans call for 1,000 
additional rooms by 1990." 


__ j i uui> innnitt. i iii-r vn * 

Booming stores lead index 
to another day of records 

lu» sinck marl : pi _jj ■ ... _ 



Interim dividend, 2 cents (nil). 
Figures in' ZimSOOO. Pretax 
profit for six months to Feb- 
ruary 28. 2,003 (478). Earnings 
per share 4.9c (loss O.2.). 

TICS: A dividend of Up (nil) is 
payable for 1985, on May 27. 
With figures in £000, turnover 
totalled 7,471 (5.362) and profit 
before tax 1,27! (865). Earnings 
per share were 9.8p (not ap- 
plicable). The figures have been 
preprared as if the present group 

structure has been m existence 
since January 1. 1984. The 
statutory figures reflect the ac- 
tual group stmmure during the 
period, and are summarized as 
follows: turnover 6,793 (5,000) 
profit before ox 892 (339). 

Earnings per share were 7Jp 

dividend of1.375p, making 
2.625p (1.2Sp> is payablcfor 
1985. With figures in £OXX 

turnover amounted W5 ».ooj 
( 55.291) and pretax profit 5.843 
(5.1 56). Earnings per share were 
7.9p (6.7p). The poor markets 
for domestic heating products in 
the first three quarters of the 
year improved significantly in 
the last quarter and sate ra<i 
profits were maintained at 1984 
levels. The shares wereat 95, up 
2 . 

Figures in £000. Pretax toss for 
1985. 8.987 (loss 635). 

final Up making 2-4p. (2Jp) 
for 1985. Figures in £000. 
Profit before tax 1,774 (1402), . 
tax 685 (586). Earnings per 
ordinary share 4.32p<3.24). 

CHESTER: Final dividend 
15.691 (14). makingZJ^p 
( 1 9.8 1 ). Figures to £000. Prom- 
for 1985 after tax 5.762 
(5.050), other .income 829 

1 74 1). Profit attributable 6,591 . 

(5,791). Earnings per share 

Results for 52 weeks to Febru- 
ary I (53 weeks to Ftebruary 2, 
1985). final dividend 8-5p (8), 
making 9-5p (9). Figures in 
£000. Pretax pft 500 (473), tax 
190 (234). Earnings per share 

CANTS: Final 3p, making 6p 
(9) for 1985. Figures in £000. 
Pretax profit 425 (1,003),. tax 
1 72 (368). Extraordmaiy debit 
858 (157 credit), making loss 
for. year 605 (profit 792L 
Earnings per share 6p (15.2). 

. Charge of £858,000 follows 
board's derision to rationalize 
refining and reprocessing. The 
year has bad an encouraging 
start, and the company can 
expect to take increasing ad- 
vantage of lower base oil 

dend of 3p (gross) per share to 
be paid for the quarter to 
March 27. 

• SUN ALLIANCE: Results 
for 1985. final, dividend 
1 l,75p, making 17.5p (15.5). 
Figures in fmiUioiis. Premi- 
um income: general insurance 
1,778.5 (1,606.7), Itmgtorm 
insurance 576.6 (503.1), gen- 
eral insurance underwriting 
loss 183.4 (198.7), long-term 
insurance profits 20.9 (18.4), 
investment and other income 
200J> (227.9X Profits before 
tax 37.7 (47.6), tax 2.8 (4.1 Y. 
Earnings per share J4p (20.8). 

for 1985. No ordinary, pre- 
ferred or preference dividends 
(same). Figures in £000. - Pre- 
tax pft .6.812 (loss 16,801). 
Profit attributable 6,912 (loss 
: l6,S3I).Earnings per share 

12.6p(Ioss 144^p adjusted for 
rights issue). - 

• BSG International: Results 

for 1985. Dividend 0.71 5p 
(0.65), making l.lp (1). Fig- 
ures in £000. Profit before tax 
6,517 (4205), tax U95 

(1,862). Earnings per share 
3.70 (2. 10) 

• WPP GROUP: Final I Sip 
making 2.64p (2.4p) for 1985. 
With figures in £000. Turnover 
3,961 (3,422), pretax profits 412 
(311), lax 152 (128), earnings 
per share ’weighted av 6.02p 
(5.02p), The results do not 
indude any contribution from 
the company's new activities in 
the- service sector. The board 
expects another successful year. 
Cash balances of more than £1.1 
million at end-1985 have been 
supplemented by the recent 
share subscription of approxi- 
mately £U million by Saatchi, 
fearing WPP well positioned for 
fimher growth. 

• WM COOK & SONS: The 
offer for the ordinary shares of 
Robert Hyde & Sou has lapsed 

(Up making Ip (nil) for 1985. 
With figures in £000. Turnover 

. 26316(18^99), operating profit 
; 120 (loss 272), share ofloss of 
asociate company 126" (loss 
J77), toss before tax six (loss 
449). tax '24 (nil), extraordinary 
hem dbt 266 (nil), loss per share 

(£44^,831) *ts after taking into 
account a loss of the company’s 
one-time associate in Saudi 
Arabia and. an extraordinary, 
kss in writing, off its investment 
in the company. This year has 
begun with success in winning 

TRUST: Results for the year to 
December. Final dividend ! 6p 
(1.4p) making 3p (Z5p). With 
figures in £000. Turnover 
32.9*9 (2022), operating pft 
4,135 (2545), expenses 390 
(349), interest on borrowings 
495 (296), -pretax pft 3*250 

(1,900). tax 821 (370), minority 
share of tosses 20 (1). extraor- 
dinary dbt 299 (nil), profit 
attributable . 2,150 (1,531). 
eannings per share 12 . Ip 
(10.6p). profit Of 4,135 (2.545), 
breakdown: engineering 728 
(nil), property and inv 70 (622), 
floorcoverings 2019 (1,426), 
building and Quarrying 589 
(660). other activities loss 203 
(163 loss), non-recurring build- 
ing and quarrying 212 (oil). 

0.6p making l.lp (Ip). With 
fkures in £000. Turnover 
28389(21.798), operating profit 
589 (415). interest pybJe 228 
(225), pretax profit 361 (190). 
tax 45 (48). earnings per share 
2.9p (2. 1 7p>_ Full accounts on 
which the auditors reported 
with a qualification, have been 
filed with the registrar of 

• GABICCt Results for the 
half-year to December 19 (£000) 
interim dividend Ip (0.9p), 
Turnover 4,319 (2,695), profit 
before tax 330 (252), tax 129 
(111), earnings per share 3.4p 

POA; Final HK50.70 a inking 
HKS1.05 (0.84) net HKSI.18 
billion (1.02 billion). Net ex- 
cludes extraordinary profits of 
HKS369 million (269 million). 

1985 (comps adj) final 32p mkg 
4.6p (same). With figs in £000. 
group turnover was 189,009 
(181.838), group profit before 
tax 11.524 (12J24). UK tax 
L70Q (2,9 1QL overseas tax 3224 
(2.899). minorities 214 (163). 
extraord dbt 126 (nil). In 1984. 
the year ends of a significant 
number of subsidiaries were 
changed to December 3 1 and 
14-month figures were included 
for those. The adj figures shown 
are the directors’ estimates 
based on management accounts 
of these group results if no 
change had been made to the 
year ends of these subs. 

The stock market had an- 
other firm day yesterday, set- 
ting a record close on the FT- 
30 Index at 1.425.9, up 6.5 
points on the day. 

Shortly after the open ing the 
index hit an all-time high of 
1,4312 points, gaining 12.8 
points in the first hour. Al- 
though shares fell back from 
their best they improved again 
towards the dose. 

Double figure gains were 
prominent in the majority of 

Stores led the way. with the 
Dixons offer for Woolworth 
exciting the speculative 
favourites, though the sector 
as a whole is already benefit- 
ting from the continuing con- 
sumer boom. 

Gilts ended with gains to 
W, behind the American bond 
market Golds nose by a dollar 
or more. 

Among leaders. Bine Circle, 
up 25p at 696p, leapt on news 
of the cement price rise. 

Distillers added 23p to 693p 
on higher bid hopes. BP 
gsmed 7p to 563p as oils 
staged 3 good recover)- on 
attempts to underpin the spot 
price. Thorn EMI met profit- 
taking, however, which left 

them I Op weaker at 514p. 
Vickers improved on com- 
pensation hopes, I5p to the 
good at 528. 

Banks were one of the few 
weak sectors, felting on fears 
about oil related debts. Na- 



Abbott M V (11 
Ashley (L) (II 
BPP (160p) 

Brook mount (I60p) 
Chart FL (B6p) 

230 +2 


31 ’a 

,i55p) 188 

Granyte Surface (56p) 80 

Inoco (55p) 38 

JS Petnology (I60p) 280 +2 
Jarvis Porter (I05p) 133 

KlearfoW (118p) 113+3 

Lexicon (115p) 

Macro 4 (105p) 138-2 

Merivale M (ll5p) 145+4 
Norank Sys (90p) 105 

Really Useful (330p) 333 -3 

SAC inti (100p) 

SPP (I25p) 
Templeton (21 5p) 
Sigmex (I0ip) 
Snowdon & B (97p) 

Chancery Sacs (63p) 
Conv 9% A 2000 1 

Cranswick M (95p) 
Diale na (12Sp) 
Ferguson (J) (IQp) 
GtUd Gm Trot (165p) 


119 +1 

. ^ „ 96 

Tech Comp (130p) 202 -2 

Underwoods (180p) 183 

Wellcome n20p) 226 -3 

W York Hosp (90p) 76 

Wickes (140p) 172 +2 


Cullens F/P 70 

Greycoat N/P SO +14 

Hartwells N/P \ 

NMW Comp F/P £350 +10 

Porter chad F/P 104 

Safeway UK £48 'j -’a 

Wates F/P 155 -1 

Westland F/P 83 

(issue price in brackets). 

Harland and Wolffs design for a £120 million auxiliary oil replenishment ship. 

Harland warns of job threat 
if Navy contract is lost 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

Harland and Wolff, the 
state-owned Belfast shipbuild- 
er which is leading a consor- 
tium bidding for the 
controversial £240 million 
Royal Navy auxiliary war- 
ship contract, warned yester- 
day that the jobs of its 5,000 
Northern Ireland workers 
could be in jeopardy if it loses 
the order. 

The company is building 
only three ships, an order book 
worth £160 million, ami will 
run out of work early in 1988. 
The chairman, Mr John 
Parker, said that without sub- 
stantial new orders, the future 
for the workforce and the yard 
looked bleak. 

The company has also de- 
nied rlninra by the other 
bidder; newly-privatized Swan 
Hunter on the Tyne, that it is 
being supported by govern- 
ment subsidies and that its bid 
- the lower of the two - is 

In an increasingly bitter 
battle of words, matched by 
apparent wrangling between 
the Ministry of Defence and 
the Department of Trade and 
industry, Harland and Wolff 
has accused Swan Hooter of 
“many rash and erroneous 
statements" and of fearing 
genuine competition. 

On order initially are two 
auxiliary oil replenishment 
(AOR) ships each worth about 
£120 million, but the big prize 
for the winning yard is the 
prospect of orders for an 
additional four AORs. 

The Defence Ministry is 
understood to prefer the 
Harland bid both on price - it 
is £5 million lower -and on the 
crucial design and technical 
aspects. Trade department of- 
ficials, however, have been 
pressing for the Swan Homer 
bid largely on the ground that 
the privatized company, not 
the state-owned, should be 


The issue is to be discussed 
by a Cabinet committee early 
□ext week and a derision 
token. One possible compro- 
mise, of placing AOR orders 
with both yards, is being 
strongly resisted by the Minis- 
try of Defence and the two 

Mr Parker has been an- 
gered by Swan's suggestion 
that his is a subsidized public 
sector bid. No subsidies were 
available for building naval 
vessels, he said, and in any 
case the consortium led by 
Harland Included the recently 
privatized Yarrow Shipbuild- 
ers, now owned by GEC, 
YARD, the Glasgow warship 
design consultants, and Racal 

Harland estimates Swan's 
order book at £400 million and 
Swan has been promised the 
£120 million contract to build 
a Type 23 frigate. 

riosal Westminster ended 30p 
down at 885p. 

Insurances, however, bene- 
fited from comment on re- 
cent profits statements. 
Guardian Royal improved by 
39p to 9l4p, and Sun Alliance 
strengthened 36p to 749p. 

In stores, Woolworth 
jumped 257p to 890p, well 
above the offer terms from 
Dixons, which were rejected 
by Woolworth as derisory. 
Dixons surged 66p to 436p. 

Speculation that Wool- 
worth may make an attempt 
for Harris Queensway saw 
Harris add 22p to 296p. 

Next gained 8p at 293p, 
ahead of the interim next 
Tuesday. W H Smith leapt 
24p at 362p on speculative 

Elsewhere, Reckitt and Col- 
man improved by 64p to 900p 
on profits up 16 per cent and 
reports of an analysis' meeting 
after the figures. 

£ 31 m park 
plan for 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Europe's biggest operator of 
holiday village parks, 
Sporthuis Centrum, is to de- 
velop a Sherwood Forest lei- 
sure area costing £31 million - 
and possibly a further five to 
six holiday villages elsewhere 
in England. 

The Sherwood Forest devel- 
opment, due to open in July 
1 987. is expected to create 24 1 
full-time jobs with work for 
another 400 during 

If the other leisure develop- 
ments go ahead an additional 
1,200 full-time jobs would be 

Six hundred bungalows will 
be built in Sherwood Forest 
and it is hoped to attract 
continental holidaymakers as 
well as Britons. 

The decision follows a five- 
year campaign led by the 
English Tourist Board to in- 
terest the Netherlands-based 
Sporthuis Centrum in moving 
to Britain. And for the devel- 
opment the tourist board put 
in its laigest gram of £1.5 


Merger agreed 

First Security Group has 
agreed conditionally to ac- 
quire for a maximum of £1.4 
million the entire issued share 
capital of Fire Fighting Enter- 
prises (UK) and its 

ThtoarfvrrtiirtanU KpuMnM l»* VM. fMhvfcild t Son, Lmnrd and J I Iron Sflindfr Him t Co. Uflulrd onbrhaJfoT Hanson Ihui PLC-ThrDnrcfonof HtnaeaTnui PLCflmlwprnnii* 
I **P“ 1 ®fc** (orBsr InforzMDoo mnU t n fd wUusihrfPsrnioU. Toihr omudhnrLiiimkder .wdlwlirt (hanneuhmall mMmablr taiYiorauirr liuiMieh isihrnur) ihr inronaaiux] toot* lard in 

dma«ftw»iMWnlniinjfCTntl«friinih>tohBs.ThrtliFfrtawnfH«nMMn>wMPiriMCT | « «M I —MlliJ« ; ,i«i ^ Mn M. ^j . 

Al last some help for the hard pressed Imperial shareholder. 

Mindful that share prices can vary daily, we are publishing a bulletin 
showing the value of each of the offers Tor your company. 

In order to be perfectly fair, the values we’ve quoted are based on the 
best possible offers. 

The next closing date of our offer is April 1 1 at 5 pm. 


380 *3p 




Figures bast'd on the market pnwsul TjQpni «n Thursday. 
















































Thr values of Hanson TVua'c »m) i,niM IWurts'oflcrs depend on Ibetr rwpecJive than* prices. Thf abtHP offer wjurs are for Hanson Truw 'i SHarr and Gun vemWe Stack Eforunn 
and tnued SU\cvm» - <.UW. Trie o(I« i*kr account of rsuma»e,tiy Ht»re Gwvett Lid. Dime value* at »hr relevant ordinary ahaie pno*. o t «&* KJ% tonvertiWe loan «oc* of 

Harudtt and Ihe comertiMe preferred snarwoTL ruled BiMutt*. 




New York (AP-Dow Jones) - 
The Dow Jones industrial 
average was np 3.47 to 
1 ,798.73 shortly after opening 

The transportation average 
rose 156 to 815.63 and the 
■utilities average edged np 0.41 
to 191.68. The 65 stocks 
average touched 708.96, np 
1.48 on the overningt dose. 

There were 736 issues ad- 

vancing, 894 declining, and 
396 nnchanged on 


Volume totalled 

I45J00.000 on Wednesday 
compared with 167.390,000 
shares the previous day. 

The New York StocC Ex- 
change composite index on 
Wednesday was op 022 to 
close at 136.08. 


t * 1 ° 

T ?* 





Base Rates* 

QMRig Banks ii % 
finance House 12% 

Discount Market Loans % 

Overnight High- 11% Low 8 

Treasury BOs (Ofscouta %/ 

Buying SeEng 

2 rrvttn il»rs 2 mntn n% 

3 mntn 10% 3rrWf» 10% 

fttoe Bn* BDKDscount 
1 ninth 11V1VS, 2 mrth fl*is-11*M 
3mn#i 10 M »-1O , 'u6 mrth 

Trade MBt (Discount %| 

Imnthia 2 mnth n«» 

3mnttrn”» Smith 10’»» 

Interbank (%) 

Ovemgtit open 11% dose? 
t week 1 1 V 1 1 % 6 mnth 1Q<'»-10 >m 

1 ninth 1i‘J 1 *-ll"«flmnth iPm-tow 
3 mnth 11V11 s <e 12mth iPis-lff* 
local Authority Deposits /%) 

2 osys 11% 7 days 11% 

1 mnth 11% 3mnth 11% 

6 mnth 1 Q»t* 12rn9i ICHm 

Local Authority Bends (%) 

1 mnth 1?Vl2 2 mnth 12-11% 

3 mnth 11%-11% Smnth m-11% 

9 mnth 11-10% 12irah 10V 10% 


1 mnth 11 U M-H ,, r*3mnth il*wll»« 
8 mnth I0’is-1-»ie 12mtft 10-9% 

t mnth 7-25-7J0 3 mnth 7.15-7.10 

1 mnth 73S-720 
6 mnth 7.107X5 

12 (nth 7.10-7X5 


Hkr/SidCan n/a 
HdsnBMai n/a 

Three Month SMdktg 

JunSfl — . 

See 85 

Dec 68 

Mar 87 

Previous day's total ac 
Three Moon Earoooto 

Jun 86 

Sro 86 

Dec 88 

Mar 88 

US Treasury Bond 


Sep 86 

Dec 96 

Short GUI 

Jun 86 

Sao 86 

Dec 86 

rest 15792 

• t<»i sAuta eE> OStoMMa k 


Long OM 

JtxiW — 

78 | Sep 66 

26'. I Dec 86 — 
ThmsnNA' n/a 29% I 

WBtrHlram n/a 35 I v*'“ 100 

’« 1 sSSS~ 

101-27 101-35 101-20 101-32 


rvK ou i day's loat Open W 

127-10 127-24 126-16 127-OS 

127-23 127-25 127-28 127-1* 

N/T 127-17 

N/T 127*12 

173X0 173X0 171.80 172X6 

174X0 174X0 174X0 174.10 

Bd Oder Ong Td 

Bd OBsr Chng YU 

ho Racomy 
Sme4* Co* 

UK Grow* 

e«tra me 


he I Gmwth 
rut Hoi Inc 
PM Shares 
Ftnonoal Sac, 

Goto 4 Gen 
kit laui 
Prop Pm 
Urey Enemy 
WOW Tech 
Am§r Growth 
Amer Mccroa 
Aner Smau Co e 
auM Growth 
Euro Smoar 
Fr East 
Mom Kong Pfl 
to* GrowOi 
Japan Pert 
■Man Smaler 

£«"V mw 

107 0 11410 *0 
135.7 144 70 *1 
38 4 420 *0 

600 6*6 *0. 

27 7 292 
2025 216J el 

•03 259 EowtdVe PeAcan 
•10 135 Hqn means Tnm 
♦03 1X2 G* 5 Fraud Inf 
•03 6.9* T« OMne Trust, 

. . 7 29 Sperm &k Trust 
•1 1 4 12 Mn Amar TruM 

196 7 21100 *1.7 480 J far Emm Ttu* 

192 203a .. 9.70 

127 0 1355 -13 235 
*52 462 *0.1 2.19 
17 9 193 ..332 

16.4 17 5 -03 0X2 

59.7 8} 7# *0.« 1.15 

38.8 412 *01 130 

SSiSa. #ss 

ai §1* In Ik 

701 746a -04 165 
13.7 143 -02 02* 

39 0 416 -1.7 138 

71 J 223 -02 233 

341 304 -0 1 1.61 

562 (XLl -23 . . 
130 138 -02 .. 

822 Ml *04 366 

762 Site *03 3.14 1 

717 783 *08 437 

552 58.8 -02 338 

853 M2 ..228 
753 793 *02 223 

59.1 829 *02 1.73 

873 713 -13 023 


-10 255 Eaurrrauw 

*0.1 2.19 St George we Copottton 8L Coraney Cm 
.. 252 790 
-03 052 0303 553231 

*?•? J J2 UK GrowYi Mewn 1487 75820 *08 323 

Grown Accunr 
Do kroons 

Men Portfoao me 




1224 1318a *03 212 

185* XMJs# -22 .. , 

1254 1348* *05 179 
63.1 67 Ba *11 625 
753 81 Oa -02 S3* 
646 685 *17 426 

*0814 1136 *23 .. 

610 BJ *09 120 

634 713 *26 020 

382 412 *03 321 

141 1 191 7 *41 060 

317 317 *03 200 

105.1 1123a 
79.7 863a 
64 1 633 
662 7tLS 
613 623 

44.1 *72 

Linton EC2P 2JT 

01-588 2868 

Omni hie (4 
Do ACCUh (A 
Income Find d; 

[to Accum (3) 
m» me 0 
Do Acaen G9 
Smutor me (51 
Do Aeon (SI 

2037 2198 
328 7 3482 
1010 1035 
1770 1882 
120.7 1281 a 
1983 166.7a 
CIO 43 11 10 
C11X1 11.72 


125. F*gf! human. London VUC1V SPY 

01-2*2 T148 

CS Japan Raid 708 75.4 -1 


oi s^en‘ 1 ’ H ** ®" B 

Grown 2823 3003 *3 

Far Earn 
Norm Amancsn 

Do Incoma 131.6 1400c *03 123 
Hranar Inc Accun 2395 2547c *02 432 

Do meorna <96.0 2063c +0.7 433 
Om/neaa accur taao i064« -02 267 
Do Income 88 1 827# -02 287 

Nth Amar Tat Acaan 137 3 1482 C -1X0.14 
Fat EaM Tn Acaan 1236 lSi.7 a -12 038 
faro Tn Aeon *383 1483# -0.4 090 
General Trust 2313 248 la *81 224 


1. Lauanca Pounay »■. Ltaidon EC*n AM 

01-623 4680 

Arwncan Find 74 0 712 -1X0X1 

, Cwnal Fin 105.1 11238 -IX 0.43 

kvama Rnd 78.7 86Ja *QJ 450 

, Far Eaaiani Ftaid 641 683 -IX 0J6 

I Overseas income 662 709 -03 335 

I Fwaa tana IIX 633 .. 9JU 

Foam Rea Fud 44.1 472 -0X 414 

European Incams 67.1 7IX -IX 142 

! 190 Weal Gangs 9L G las g ow Of 2PA 
04.-332 3132 

BettncaC Gth kic 4000 483# .. 2X0 

Do *rami 405X 4313# .. .. 

kicana G*i Inc 40.1 427 .. 831 

Do ACCUBI 41 I 417 .. .. 

Sarwea Go « toe 413 443 .. 1X1 

Do Accum 421 444 .... 


Rwer Wtofc. T oemtofa 1W9 icy 
W 32 361222 

Amancan 1008 107X *02 038 

Amn Eouty In co ma 328 35 1 +02 4.73 

Apiar Spade 9a S25 582 *02 037 

NtEMkic 299 313 +05*33 

Gn 3 Foe) In 51 I 324# -OX 877 

Growth 3 means 88.6 107.1 *ix 4X8 

Japan Sptosl Stt 301 3*4 *OX .. 

Japan Trust UV-6 11*4 *24 . . 

Manapatt hf Tst 127 8 TSSXa *23 CL2B 
Ma» Incoma Eouty 700 74J *13 Sll 

Pratautonai GKI 342 3*4 *07 221 

Soraa East Am Tat 245 29 1 *0 7 0.73 

Specta 9# 1*89 1902 *10 0X1 


8 O»0y .Sa LOMOn EC3A 6AM 

I860 1703a *80 042 

1421 1512# -05 071 

100. Oa Broao Sc Lonoon EC2N 1BO 
0i-«7» 0011 

Cap*N (3) 3582 361.0# *23 1.70 

hicama (3) 2618 3014# +03 4*2 

Nonh Amancsn <31 2712 290.1a -3.4 136 

l. ling tweam SL EC4M 7AU 
01-823 9314 

Amman Eaampt £3583 386 1 a +5X7 1X7 
J4PSP Emtet £3324 Ws*.Ki« 122 
Am Propam, T* 1107950 .. JJS 

Pmoaiy Trust £2033 0 a .. 610 


it/30 BUga. Lotto* MM London 

01-626 5181 

Amec ■ Gan Inc 2286 2*30 

Do Acaan 2332 z*ao 

Amar Tumamd kic 2T7X Z31.S 

DO Acaan 224X 2386 

Qpai t« me 
Dp Acam 

Do Acam 

CENTRAL nceutt) OF rouNCC OP C OoiSn k,e 

CHURCH OP ENG Ears me T« me 

” Lgtton WM EC2 1DB Do Aeon? 

ot-568 1915 Ineams Tnw 

knFuW 41405 *3690 417 . Do Acokn 

Fhcetf til 148.75 *1015 955 hrf Growth fit Inc 

Deacon 100.0 . , 12JM Co Aeon 

aiA wmEs omo Ai. mv Egne gwr rno ~ l ^ n r *r ir? 1 

226 8 2430 -1.1 053 

2332 Z«0 -16 053 

2T7X 231.8 -13 1 13 

224X 2386 -15 1.13 

194 4 206.6a *12 279 
2338 2486# *1.6 279 
882 938 -OX 623 

77. Lonoon Ms* London EC2N 108 
01 588 1915 


Narrow ham. Brisna BSE OJh 
0772 277719 

OoAcomi 1166 1219 +4JX 623 

Emra km Tst toe 1532 1929 *04 4X4 

. Op A ccum 1630 1732 *05 444 

Income boat 1170 1244 *0 8 606 

DoAceun 1214 1290 +0.8 606 

hn Growth Fd me (878 (67 f _|x 000 

DO Accun 1792 1882 -1 7 CLW 

Jaoan 3 Gen kic 89 B 7«oa -1X006 

. 00 Accun 702 766# -1.6 006 

Mommy Incerea Fd 766 792* -0.6 436 
*«ro»fy 1325 14: 2 *06 (79 

Do Accun 1418 1523 »1 0 1.79 

EiFOpewr me 512 54.4 -02 084 

Do Accum 512 54 4 -02 OX* 

Eu*Y 1*#i Income 413 4400 *03 440 FPFkMhM 
cm i fiat) (m Orn xo ata -onto / no^Jn. 

md*» Sacunsea 
Arne Growth 

Man Growth 
Europasn Growth 
Cm a ifaad me 

23 7 253 

24.6 262 
268 27 5 

23.7 25 3 
253 27.0 

Racowrry 1325 1412 

Do Acaan 1416 1516 

faropaan km 512 54.4 

Do Accum SIX 54 4 

Peomrn&u. Oortano. Seroey 
0306 865055 

FP Eority 0<S1 206 6 2182 

DO Accum 3395 3803 

FP FtoSQ W Dttt 1173 1263 

Oa Accum.- 131 1 <39 4 
•Slawansdec Ota . 164 7 .1768 

' Do Accum 1694 179.7 

161. Chaapads. London EC2 V geu 
01-728 '999 

CnMHAocww 2690 X787 *25 , 63] 

Energy Tnm 42.4 45 1 -03 665 

Extra meoma 157 9 1879 *0X 5 19 

Ftameal I49.J ISIE *02 13* 

G4I Sralagy 5S4 57.1 *0 1 IS? 

Grown Iwaetmsm 2855 3037 *3X 248 

meorm* 3 Growth 406 *31 *03 4«2 

Jaoenew 4 Peoee 1289 1371 -10 001 

tan W» Grown 1052 1119 -09 180 

w» Pecqwy 1058 1123 *04 283 

SnutoCoi 1964 206 B *10 238 

OOP# tnc Tst 55 2 86 7# *03 583-. 


Grans me 
Hrgh Weto 

3*53 35208 
141.7 M6X 
2036 21 IX 


9S2®*2 Sa i iS53 Bn 6094 JVJ 

01-283 2575 Datong Q14M 9*31 

ui* Peccary 1058 1125 *0X 283 

Sma»# Co, 1964 2068 *10 236 

OOP# me Tst 55 2 86 7# *03 5X3- 

Crown tana*. Wotam GU21 1XW 
0*962 5033 

FUR mams Trust 2316 2*7 70 *17 5 22 

Grown Tiu# 226 3 2«ZD *25 3 01 

Amarmsn Trust 1273 1363 -08 0.73 

4 MeMfc Greecem. EOne u rgh 
031-226 3*82 _ 

American Fund MX 7*7 -i.1 228 

Cam# Fund 91 0 973 *85 1 75 

Growth A Inc Fund 133 1 142* +0.7 421 

F*p» am Atm d 106.8 1142 *09 590 

kaarn a oan al Rod 1809 193.4 -16 1 16 

n se m m - a u Futt 20 1 2i5* -04 iob 

Sm» Jap Co m Fra, 212 30 1 -02 0 00 

lokyo Fund 1276 1365 -2.7 018 

l&d Amar (2 1410 147 7# . . 203 

(&d Japan |3» 888 827 *13 0X6 

S3 Peake (4l 219 5 226 8# .. 1.76 

(Eil Smetar Jap (4, 1625 187 8 .. 0 10 

Etmhmd 246 263 .. 980 

ten Rom. cnaaanham. Guueaaw GLS3 7LQ 
0242 571311 

UK BaUnced me 699 746 *08 2X6 

Do Accon 89 9 746 *06 268 

UK Grower Accum 754 604 *02 153 

UK Fhgn me me 614 S7 S +06 116 

N Amanan Aaarni 644' 66 7 -13 1 46 

Fa Emm Acw 70 0 74 7 -15 0 67 

European Acaan 885 74 l -0 4 118 

im 6 a 4 fi me MJ 600 -C.( «jb 

Do Accun 584 BOO -81833 



SiSTBSs 31 

UK cao Fno toe 98 8 (06 

On Accum 142 1 152 

income Fund 801 E& 

Peroron Eeaovi 1889 1U 

kaanoasn# 1412 156 

US&Gttstt 564 S3 

Tech <1 Growth 653 69 

Man 6 Ganatt IBS 199 

Far Ear 4 Gan 79 0 84, 

Europuai Fuw 2254 241 
Germany fad 64 1 68 


98 6 (066 *14 230 

1421 1520« -23 230 
80 1 85 7# *01 680 
1889 1685 *13 2X0 

1*12 IBM *04 100 
563 62 4 -<L6 1X0 

853 895# -15 100 

1885 199 98 -15 0X0 

79 0 8*5 -1* 130 

225* 24i, • -a 8 on> 

64 1 686 *44 1O0 

2 St MOV Aw. London EC3A 88P 
01-623 12<2 Deohng 01-623 5786 ostong 01-623 

01-623 1212 Del 

Amancsn Trust 
Ausnean TVuo 

i Tst Accum .550 588 

- OoDM 41l SIX ' -03 238 

■ Commeeny Snare - 556 895 -03 1X3 

Etodpean Thiel 47 1 S05O . . 0X7 

Em mean* True, 406 521 *03X14 

Fm Esmem Trust 1115 1193 -£5 010 

Fwad Mew Frau, 265 214 . . 9 82 

On True, 276 MX# '-0.1 653' 

Qcea taw Accun 157 4 1875 -1 4 023 

. DoDet 1500 1586 -13 023 

Gold Star* Trust 11.9 12.7 233 

Hadgsd Auancan 293 313 -09 010 

Btr mea n s Trust 135 1 144.7 *23 533 

Hong Kong Truer 215 2Si# -04 1 13 

Income Fund 721 773 -05 336 

m s us iiOB Agsnass CJ4£S *BJS *038 1 99 
Japan Thai 120 1 1276 -15 000 

Managed Exsrr«! 2SX3 278.4# +2Q 2X7 
04 8 Energy This, 289 31 D -03 133 

Speoto 3 b This, 87 1 833 . 08* 

Ita Star C e Rac Tm SJ 1 676 -0X 173 

Wncneeier Has 77. London Wj* Lotten tcav 

01-568 5620 

rnnorowm 770 BU -10 1.67 

•ww Orarami 635 679 -08 1.5* 

JttWtoc 66.7 73 4# -0 8 555 

European Grown 167 0 200 0 -OX 0X2 
GwaUwH 413 44 1 -14 192 

Man Growth 1304J l»3 -0.4 020 

Paoec meorna 63 0 67 7 -0 4 4X2 

UK sewtasi epos 825 65 i -04 £03 

770 BL3 
635 87 9 
66.7 73 m 

167 0 200 0 

413 44 1 

1303 135.0 

63 0 677 
823 851 

Ro*# Etohan^. EC3P SDN 
01-668 9603 

-16 000 
-02 041 
*03 238 
•02 236 
-03 1X3 
.. 057 
*83 SIX 
—25 010 

m nt * i. 

^ . 

1 s* 


t ••■ • 

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. *« 

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r • mi 

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if i 


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* » • 


T. • 
£-* ' 

H* V 

a *•: 

Clearly, the investment that we have made in 

'i ' • • •• ' <*/» 

Debenhams is paying off. 

But then we always knew Debenhams fortunes 

^ ^ A « >* A * _ 


(Up 135% on last year.) 

Our pre-tax profits are up by 114% to £743m. And 
our interim dividend has jumped from 1.25p to 1.6p. 

At £53.4m, our half year capital expenditure has 
never been higher 

And whilst the number of jobs has increased by 


stands at 64 

been stronger either. Currently up another £ 62m, we 
fully intend the figure to grow and grow 

The investment in our community employment 
initiative (one of the largest in the private sector) is also 

^5fere helping 150 new business ventures get off 
the ground. 

Certainly, we cant be accused of not trying out 
some new ideas. 

Which is why we believe we will remain an exciting 
company to work for. To buy from. And to invest in. 

The Burton Group pic. 

Creating a wider choice. 

28 ) 


















17 , 






r< - •••t 

~X -■ — 


Setback for Aberdeen Steak 

Pretax profits of the Aber- 
deen Steak Houses Group for 
1 985 were £8 1 3,000 compared 
with £934.000 for the 13 
. months to Qseember 31. 

1984. Earnings per share were 
3-6p against 3.9p. 

The company said yester- 
day that its trading in the last 
three months of 1 985 was very 
disappointing. It opened sev- 
eral restaurants in the second 
half, and the extra overheads 
and rents incurred were not 
matched by an increase in 
group turnover. 

The company is opening 
three more restaurants, and 
the board says it will be in a 
better position to report 
progress at the time o the 
annaul meeting. 

Figures in £000. Pretax profit for 
1935. 4.401 (5.2551. Earnings 
per share*, basic 2.8p (6.4p).The 
group is significantly better 
positioned to exploit the sound 
underlying strength of its motor 
businesses and to resume invest- 
ment activities. 

• WAYNE KERR: Final Ip. 
making 1.5 for 1985. Figures in 
£000. Profit before tax 1.306 
(1.1031. tax 440 (553). Earnings 
per share 8. bp (6.3 
adj usied ).The chairman fore- 
casts another good year for 
company, with new products 
planned' in ail major business 

terim dividend Ip. Figures in 
£000. Pretax profit for the half 
xearto December 31. 671 (604). 
tax 230 t238i. Earnings per share 
3.3p (3.61 adjusted to reflect the 
share split and capitalization 

• R and H HALL: Final divi- 
dend 3p. making 4p (3.75) for 

1985. Figures in £000. Profit 
before tax 1935(1.449). tax 668 
(261). Earnings per share 7,66p 


GROUP; Mr Anthony Good, 
the chairman, says in his annual 
report that after an “eventful 
and in many ways difficult 
year**, the company has entered 
this vear “with an excellent 
team across the groupi a strong 
client base ana several new 
business gains. I am confident, 
therefore, of a much improved 
performance in the current year 
as a whole.” 

• METAL BOX- The Metal 
Container Coiporation, of St 
Louis. Missouri, has bought the 
wholly-owned US can-making 
subsidiary. Metal Box Can. and 
has entered into a technology 
assistance agreement. The total 
payable to Metal Box under the 
agreements is just over S4I 

• WEIR GROUP: A final divi- 
dend of 2J25p, making ZS75p 
(2J5p) is payable for 1985 
onMay 23. With figures in £000. 
turnover tolal!cdl39.768 
(131.612) and profit before in- 

terest and tax (group) 7,654 
(5,011) and associated compa- 
nies 3.745 (3.587), making 
1 1.399 (8.587). Profit before tax 
9.034 (6,850V Earnings per 
share were 12.0p(6.6p) and fully 
diluted I0.3p (5.6p)jshares were 
at 121. down 2. 

MARKETS: A final dividend of 

Ip. making 1.35p (Lip ad- 
justed) is payable for the 52 
i February !, (53 

Pretax profits of Execntex 
Clothes more than trebled in 
1985. They were op from 
£117,000 to £377,300, and 
earnings per share rose from 
5.5p to I67.49p. A final divi- 
dend of 2p (nil) is being paid 

FORD )t A final dividend of 
3.25p (2p). making 3-75p (2.5pV 
is payable for the year to 
January 25. With figures in 
£000. turnover was 162.801 
(156.520). operating profit 6.616 
(4.212). interest payable 921 
(1.145) less corp tax repayment 
supplement 95 (24V Profit be- 
fore tax increased by 87 percent 
to 5.790 (3.091V Tax amounted 
to 1.720 (881). Earnings per 
share were 10.S8p (5.97pV 

• ETAM: Company is to buy 
the freehold interest of the 
Barnstable. Devon, properties, 
34. 35 and 36. High Street and 
I la. Joy Sueeu for £1.585 
million cash. It is also to buy the 
remaining unexpired 77-year 
term of a 99-year lease for 
£565.000 cash. 

weeks to February 1, (53 weeks). 
With figures in £000. turnover 
was 367.987 (336JZ3S). profit 
before tax 15,701 (i 1.733V 
Earnings per share 9.94p (6.92p 
adjusted). The company in- 
curred a substantial loss of 
interest due to the development 
of new stores. Eight pew stores 
have been programmed. 

sults for the six months to 
December 31 include an interim 
dividend of I.8p (I.SpV payable 
on May 22. With figures u> £000, 
turnover amounted to 4.568 
(3.31 J) and profit before tax 953 
(712). Earnings per share were 
8.2p (6pV The order book so far 
this year shows another satisfac- 
tory increase. largely due to the 
contribution from overseas 
subsidiaries, and the company 
said it was confident of achiev- 
ing another satisfactory full 
vear. The shares were 390, up 5. 

(HOLDINGS): Pretax profit for 
the six months to December 31 
was Aus$90.7 million, up 34 per 
cent. Earnings per share 15c. 
Interim dividend 6~25c per 
share (same). One-for-five bo- 
nus issue. Profit growth is 

No final dividend (0-5pV mak- 
ing 0_2p (0.5) for 1985. Figures 

- in £000. Pretax profit 86 (188) 
after interest payable 44 7 (413). 
Retained loss 699 (profit 49V 
Earnings per share O.SOp (1.441 
Chairman says “very significant 
increase" is profits is expected 
this year, and tire board contem- 
plates the future with consid- 
erable confidence. 

1,878,870 shares offered in one- 
for-five rights issue. 98 per cent 
were subscribed at the $ 1 0-25 
offer price. 

No interim dividend. Figures in 
£000. Pretax revenue for six 
months to January 31, 288 
(276V Tax NO 023V Earnings 

Council’s duty to reconsider 
grant application 

Reeim v Hertfordshire Coud- applied for a reconsideration of 
ty Ctoundt Ex parte Cbeang thar original applications for a 

8 *The authorities refused those 
Boroogb Council, Ex parte a ^j ca ^ on5 on the basis of a 

policy suggested by the secretary 

Before Sir John Donaldson. Q f state, namely to reconsider 
Master of the Rolls. Lord Justice Q^Jy where the refusal of 

Neill and Lord Justice the award had been in respect of 
Balcombe a course beginning in the aca- 

IJudgment given March 26] demfc 1979/80 or fader, 
A Total authority who in 1978 saV e in exceptional 
bad refused to grant a higher circumstances, 
education award on the mis- The applicants soi 

taken assumption that the ap- review of both the 1 
plicant was not ordinarily | 983 decisions. Tb 
resident, had nevertheless per- appeal (The Tina 
formed their duly under the Act. on appeal &oc 

per share 0J9p (0J1). The 
board says that the outlook for 
the company is now more 

review of both the 1978 and the 
1983 decisions. The Court of 
Appeal (The Times April 2, 
1985) on appeal from Mr Justice 

which was a duty to consider G lidewen (The Times April 18. 

AG Stanley, the decorating 
specialist, has reported pretax 
profits of £2.7 million for 1985 
against £18 milli on for 1984. 
Earnings per share were 5J82p 

such applications, not necessar- 
ily to bestow an award. 

But they had a power to 
reconsider their decision which. 

1984), refused leave in respect of 
the 1978 decision but granted it 
in respect of that of 1983. 

On hearing the substantive 

on an application in 1983. they application Mr Justice McNexD 
had a duty to rodder. «cras- g^Sted orders of certiorari 

iug, subject to a discretion quas hmg the local authorities' 
governed oy the principles of decisions and manda rmes direct- 
good admm istrauon, i Deluding ^ lhera m nasmndee their 

The total dividend for 1 985 was 
2.1 p (Up) With figures in 
£000, turnover amounted 
lo9.633 (7.097V cost of safes 

ihe requirement that similar decisions according to law. 
cases should be treated fo » d^T^ j^ ap- 
sundariy. , preached the matter on the basis 

The Court of Appeal so. held, ^ Education Art 1962 

dismissing appeals by the two imposed a duty to bestow 
local authorities and the Sec- £iatfo7m 

6J>8I (4,926V gross profit 3.052 
(2.171), pretax profit 626 (408) 

retaiy opiate for Eduation and ^ applicants that duty bad not 
Science from the decision of Mr 3 

(2.171), pretax profit 626 (408) 
and tax 284 (180). Earnings per 
share were 6~3p (4.2p). The 

groups main activity, contract 
hire to clients of skilled com- 
puter personnel, re p res e nted 98 
per cent of turnover. Overseas 
trading increased by 60.6 per 

Science from the decision of Mr u«*ndta±»Mdr 
Justice McNeill on July 5, 1 985 r J , h( . 

(The Times July 15, 1985) SfSw 

granting Raymond Sru . Wait pf theCfom ofAppeal to refuse 

Cheunjf and Eric Hoi- Wai Pan 

their applications for otdera of 
certiorari and mandamus 
against the authorities. 

further reconsideration. 

Mr Robin Barrett for foe local he held that the 

authorities; Mr Jeremy Sullivan, 

nr u, tnhn e.Li adoption of the seawaiy of 

expected to continue in second 
half. Total Holdings (Australia) 

hail. 1 otal Holdings (Australia) 
is to exercise its rights to acquire 
10 per cent of Pioneer. 

The sale by Johnson Matthey 
Bankers of its wholly-owned 
subsidiary, Hinton HiO Group, 

QC and Mr John Steel for the 

_ j state s policy to . exclude aca- 

detnic years before 1979 from 

subsidiary, Hinton HiO Group, 
to W S Moody Holdings for £515 
million has been completed. 




ABN.. — 12)4% 

Adam & Company lltt% 

BCC1 1lv*% 

Citibank Savings! 11.95% 

Consolidated Crds I2w% 

Continential Trust 11h% 

Co-operative Bank 11h% 

C. Hoare & Co.._ 1lv»% 

Lloyds Bank .. 11b% 

Nat Westminster 1lvj% 

Royal Bank of Scotland Ui*% 

TSB 11h% 

Citibank NA m% 

f Mortgage Base Ran. 

Four directors for Hill Samuel 

Schiemann. QC and Mr Nigd 
Pleming for the applicants. 

ROLLS said that in 1978, each 
of the applicants had been 
refused a higher education 
award because the local author- 

reconsideration was either ultra 
pucants. v j res oj. unreasonable on the 
L OF THE principles of Associated Provm- 
n 1978, each dal Picture Houses Ltd v 
i had been Wednesbury Corporation 
r education tfl 948] J KB 223V 
local author- Though at first attracted to 

HiU Samuel & Co: Mr 
Leopold Hirscb. Mr Peter 
Mason, Mr Christopher Oak- 
ley and Mr Kevin Wilkinson 
have joined the board. 

Scott Goff Layton & Co: Mr 
NX. Banszky, Mr JX. Malt- 
house and Mr S.W. Oldfield 
have become partners. 

Firth-Derihon: Mr Tony 
Marsh has been appointed 
export sales director and Mr 
Arthur Hogg has become 
technical director. 

Turner and NewaQ: Mr 
Ronald Somerville, a director 
of Turner & Newall. has been 
made chairman of its subsid- 
iary. BIP Chemicals. 


ity concerned had misconstrued the concept that both the 1978 
the requ ir ement of ordinary and 1983 decisions were no 

The Carnegie United Kingdom Trust 
Abstract of Audited Accounts 
for the Year Ended 31 December 1885 


Fundi end Prevision* 

Endowment Fund 
Reserve Fund 



Reserve Fund 

As at 31 December 1964 
Income from nveumem*, etc 




Grant expenditure 
Noo-yont exMndtur* 
Transfer to Endowment fund 

As at 3) December 198S 

GEOFFREY LORD. Stemary and Tmaartr 
Cnwt l i Pot* Hmm. P u pI Mi OH 711 

MSL Executive Search: Mr 
W A Spartin has become 
chairman. Mr TJLH. Neanae 
is now manning director, and 
Mr B J Cnraow, Mr L C 
Koppen and Mr J.O. Ranger 
have been appointed 

Golding Stewart Wrightson: 
Mr K D Gillies is now 
chairman. He alsojjotns the 
board of Stewart Wrightson 
Ltd and its executive 

Price Waterhouse: Mr Rich- 
ard Watsm has become a 

Victoria Wine Company: 
the new managing director is 
Mr Afon Smith. 

Taylor Woodrow Interna- 
tional: Mr J B (Brian) 
Bordelon is to join the board. 
He is replaced as manag ing 
director of Teamwork Corp 
Sdn Bhd and as a director of 
Teamwork Malaysia Sdn Bhd, 
related companies of Taylor 
Woodrow International based 
in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 
by Mr R G (Rod) Franks. 

Baring Far East Securities: 
Mr Douglas Atberley, Mr 

t r*. 

residence in section 1(1 Xa) of more tiurn declarations of inten- 
the Education Act 1962. The don not to perform a statutory 
applicants nevertheless under- duty, his Lordship now con- 
took their courses, beginning in eluded that that was not a 
the academic year 1973/79. correct analysts: 

In 1983. as a result of the The Education Act 1962 did 
dedrioo of the House of Lords not merely impose a duty on 
in £ v Barnet London Borough authorities to bestow awards, 
Council. Ex parte Shah ([1983} hot also required them to cotz- 
2 AC 309), the applicants each sider and determine whether 

ftft f j i applicant qualified forooc- 
The outy to pay the award 
thereafter was quite separate. 

In determining that the ap- 
plicants did not qualify, the 
authorities bad thus performed 
their duty, albeit mistakenly. 

. That was not to say they had 

no power to reconsider then 
decisions, it would be strange 
indeed if a public authority 
. which discovered it had in- 
advertently denied a citizen a 

benefit to which he was entitled. 

could not correct its error. 

Indeed, ft would have a duty 
to consider doing so, sutyert lo a 
discretion as to what action to 
take, exorcised in accordance 
with the requirements of good 

On the 1983 decision, his 
Lordship could not accept the 
judge's view that the adoption 
by the authorities of the sec- 
retary of state's policy decision 
was unreasonable in the 
H edrsesbury sense. 

Stare decisis was the essence 
of good administration. If the 
law was changed or suddenly 
discovered, it should be applied 
in its new form thereafter bur 
retrospective application should 
be subject to some limitation. 

hi private law, retrospective 
action was controlled by the 
statute of limitation and the 
doctrine of laches. In public Jaw, 
it was controlled (in the absence 
of express statutory provision) 
by the exercise of the courts" 

Where a test case was m 
progress in the public law court, 
others in the same position as 
the applicant should not be 
expected themselves to begin 
proceedings in order to protect 
their positions. 

That would strain the re- 
sources of the court to breaking 
point. More importantly, it was 
a cardinal principle of good 
public administration that all 
persons who were in a similar 
position should be. treated 

Accordingly, they could as- 
sume that the result of the test 
case would be applied to them 
without the need for proceed- 
ings and if that did not occur, 
the court would regard that as a 
complete justification for late 
application for judicial review. 

Although in the circum- 

stances of these particular 
awards the verv considerable 
administrative probl ems m ade 
it reasonable not to reconsider 
applications which were not 
similar to those involved in the 
ust esse m Shah, the Secretary 
of state and the authorities 
should not hare placed the cut- 
off point where they did. 

For. as had emerged during 
the hearing before mcir Lord- 
ships, while Mr Shah had indeed 
been a >979 student, Mr 
Akbarali. who was also awarded 
iudidai review in that case, bad 

judicial review in that case, bad 
been a 1978 student. Not only 
that, but his application for 
judicial review had only been 
begun m January 1981. 

In the present case, the refusal 
bv the Court of Appeal of leave 
to apply for jodfetal review of 
the 1978 decisions undoubtedly 
created a problem. 

But like the judge, his Lord- 
ship couki not believe that the 
court had ever imended to 
create an obstacle to another 
court, on a consideration of the 
1983 decision, granting such 
relief as the applicants might be 
entitled to on the substance of 
their com plain L namely that 
they had been refused grants to 
which it was now conceded that 
they had originally been 

Since the secretary of state's 
policy was flawed by the error of 
fed as to the consequences of 
the Shah decision, it was un- 
necessary to reach a conclusion 
as lo whether the court should 
quash the 1978 decision. 

Had it been necessary, his 
Lordship would have quashed 
the 1983 decision and ordered 
the authorities to reconsider the 
applicants' awards. Good public 
administration required all 1978 
students to be treated in the 
same way as Mr Akbarali. 

But the judge, albeit for 
different reasons which, unlike 
bis Lordship's, would have 
benefited students of 1977 and 
earlier years, had already made 
such an order, in those circum- 
stances, the appeal should be 

Lord Justus Neill and Lord 
Justice Balcombe agreed. 

. Solicitors: Mr Michael Scott, 
Southport; Mr WJ. Church, 
Hertford; Treasury Sohcaior; 
Bindman £ Partners. 

Undesirable that one act might breach orders 

Mra Sana WBBun, above, 
has joined Ac board of Crane 
as director of bn in ess 

Richard Coons, Mr Doeghs 
Hamey and Mr Trow 
SBwenU have joined the 
board. Mr MDes J Rhetf- 
Camac, a managing director 
of Baring Brothers & Co, has 
joined the board as a non- 
executive director. 

Frizzell International Non- 
Marine: Mr Peter J Head is 
now divisional managing 

Redland: Mr Janies White 
has been made a non-execu- 
tive director. er.ncuncement appears as a matter cJ record only 




£60-100 million 
employee-led buy-out 

including an 

Offer for Subscription 

Lloyds Merchant Bank Limited 

to employees and their immediate families and pensioners of 
Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Limited 
and its subsidiaries 

CammeU Laird Shipbuilders Limited and 
Warship Design Services Limited and 
to residents of Barrow and Furness and of Birkenhead 

The following gave initial commitments to provide out 
of their own holdings the £1,620,000 of free shares allocated 
to certain employee applicants under the Offer 

Uoyds Merchant Bank Limited 

British Aerospace Pensions Funds Trustees Limited Lloyds Investment Managers Limited managed funds 
Eagle Siar Insurance Company L uni ted Norwich Union Life Insurance Society 

First National Boston Limited Pearl Assurance PLC 

Investors in Industry PLC .Prudential Assurance Company Limited 

Lloyds Development Capital Limited The Trustees of St George’s Pension Fund 

Commitments syndicated by Hoare Covett Limited 

arranged and managed by 

Lloyds Merchant Bank Limited 

Regina v Barnes 

Although technically ft was 
Iswfol to have running at the 
same tune a suspended sentence 
and a probation order, ft was 
undesirable in that a single 
breach might result in a breach 
of the two orders. 

Lord Lane. Lord Chief Jus- 
tice, sitting with Mr Justice 
Boreham and Mr Justice Taylor, 
so stated on March lO when the 
Court of Appeal allowed an 
appeal against sentence by Wd- 
: lam Thomas Barnes ■ who, 
following his conviction in 
Portsmouth Crown Co art 
(Judge Lauriston, QC and a 
jury) of anon, on May 24, 1985, 
was made the subject of. a 
probation order for two years 
and, in addition, for the breach 
of a sentence of nine months’ 
imprisonment suspended for 
two years imposed in Ports- 
mouth Crown Court on July 27, 
1984 on conviction of motor 
vehicle offences, the period of 
suspension was extended to run 
for two years from May 24, 1985. 

The Court of Appeal quashed 
the probation order and passed 
sentence of one day's imprison- 
ment, leaving unchanged the 
suspended sentence as ex- 
tended, but imposing a sus- 
pended sentence supervision 
order under section 26(10) of 
the Powers of Criminal Courts 
Act 1973. 

HIS LORDSHIP said that, m 
distinction to the circumstances 
in R v Tarry (P970J 2QB 560}, 
this probation ottier was tin- . 
posed in the c r own .-court, 
namely in the - very proceedings 
in which the suspended sentence 
was also dealt with. 

Harris ▼ Sheffield United 
Football Club Ltd 
The provision of police, ser- 
vices by a police authority at a 
football dub’s ground- wife the 
prime duty of enforcing law and 
order, was die provision of. 
special police services within the 
meaning of section 15(1) of the 
Police Act 1964, so that the chief 
constable of the authority was 
entitled to provide ’ them on 
condition -That they were paid 

for by the dub. 

While a police authority back 
the duty to protect persona and 
property against crime or threat-, 
ened enmev particularly threat- 
ened violent crimes there was no 
public dnty upon ttito protect 
against .tiie mexe apftfenension 
of possible crime to the future: 
see Glasbrook Brothers Lid v 

Accordingly, die exception in 
section I3(i) applied and the 
court was entitled to use its 
powers under section 23(1), 
which it had done by varying the 
starting pram of the two-year 
suspension of sentence. 

If the probation order was 
quashed fait a suspended sen- 
tence supervision order was 
imposed, almost the same effect 
could be achieved. 

Glamorgan County - Council 
([1924] I KB 879, 890). 

At a football match, breaches 
of the peace were not actually 
threatened ax the time the 
provision of pofice services was 
made; at most, there was the 

possibility, nr some cases the 
probability^ of a breach of die 
' peace: and the scope and extent 
of the poiux services and their 
impact on . the chief constable’s 
manpower resources put them 
beyond what the football dub, 
in the . circumstances, were en- 
titled to have provided in 
pursuance of the chief 
constable's public dnty. 

Mr Justice Boreham so hdd 
in a reserved judgment-in the 
Queen's Bench Division on 
'March 26 when he'aBovMd the 
daim on behalf 

of tito SotifliYbrkshist Police 
Authority, against the defen- 
dants for £51,669, phis interest 
of £19,810. for police services 
provided at tire defendants* 
football ground at Biamall 
Lane, Sheffield, b e tween August 
14, 1982, and November 13, 

The defendants’ counterclaim 
for sums paid to tire authority 
for similar services rendered 
prior to August' 1982 was 






rki r n t| 





r. J rr^yAr^'r.' H 


tier; family 

professional prac- 
Jaw, and consumer 


■ Hone-Konq): 

w Barnet): Amour. P P 
Anandanadaratah. R 

fWwmrveyl. A 
donl: Asnion. 

Andrwraritia. Anna E 
mriiap. Atety a (Lon- 
Jaguellne A (Bristol): 

1 (Nottingham): Axien. A R tQhelUn- 
1 ham): 

I Baff. M c L {Bradford): Bailey. Jam 

row): Salami 
dwln. D J <Bu 
Banks. Joann 
M J (Koowfel 
Barton. R S 

Salakrishnan. S iHar- 
nan. B_(Umdon>: BaK 
rnleyr. Banks. I (tulnn): 

M itJrtKMdte Barron. 

Sanaa. P j cBrmoit: 

iKham): Bayies. Lindsay 
Bearman. CaroUtw M 




To enjoy a cool, fraternal Guinness in 
peace and quiet all you have to do is become 
a delegate at the United Nations. 

There in the bar of the Delegates’ Dining 
Room at- the top of the UJN. building you 
can savour the world’s most distinctive beer. 

And from a vantage point high above 
the: East- Rivei; contemplate a world where 

Guinness today sells in over 140 countries 
You can picture for yourself those sever 
million glasses which are consumed daily S 
across five continents. And reflect on || 
the unassailable genius that 
enables you to drink one 
of the world’s great beers / 
in such an exalted position. \ 




54 33 Stop STAtAyn 

639 4<9 Stand Chan 
BIB 613 Ur or 
W. 43 '. WA Fargo 
32 D 220 Wmvsl 

54 10 1.9 49 

639 A *20 436 66 75 

613 -S 626 66 616 

£ 59 *. 

290 • . . 7.1 2 A l&A 

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a> SS B40 

0 » —n n 47 

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BramMIMM 500 

Bukner (H PI 174 

Buttonwood Itow 555 
on (UaMw) 460 

D*toto> (J *1 830 

Baron t n (j *> 

DoOWI 675 

bund WMsy 193 

□nan* Kmg 213 

Gwmn 341 

Hardys I Han aon a 475 

Horriand Ml 84 

knargcrdon DM 17 ? 

Ir«i Ota 273 

Marti a n Tkawn 102 

MOTUM 244 

SA Browanas 203 

Seal 8 Haw 233 

i Saannan £37 

Vtux 485 

Whatnad 'A' JOB 

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wmxn 6 0 sen 

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ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began April I. Dealings end April 1 1 . §Conians> day April 14 . Settlement day, April 21 . 
fForward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

© Tim* Nt-**** UroriaO 


£ 2,000 

Claims required for 
+63 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

Com men 

Coca 46 m 

Cowan (F) 

61 40 

ITS 121 
168 156 
216 ' 1161 'i 
40 32 

<90 415 

Commer Pops 
Comm Da urooi 


556 *« 

350 *7 


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CundM Mb 

66 «*2 

172 1 *1 

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177 V 1 J 5 BAQpawl RronM 

140 in oo y% Pn 

84 ROM* CU* 
31% feto 

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312 208 Granada 
10% 6 OmM 
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158 138 H«k (M) 

215 180 HMM 
2S3 230 Hmraa 
37V 25% H9IQBI kid 
49 M Htokna* 

191 Ml Maroon 
162 148 Da 8% Bn* 

111 99 Do 5%% 

184 133 Haryroevee 
223 175 tomsiPrAjA 
813 491 Hmtor SUOMy 
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208 140 Hepnorth Carande 
138 101 MM 
88 55 HMN U) 

143 122 MTOjia * Job 
81 67 H5»3n» 

32 88 Ho* Urfd 

223 Mi HoMdnam 

07 74 4J 

15 3J141 
124 64 104 

64n 44 104 
124 72127 
2 2 043B3 

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, riian-.Mli 460 • 275 64 74 

IVcSSSa 7 ** S'i • 11 17.1 04 804 

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ton 8 9 m iso 61 14 91 A 

MMI 194 +1 44 64 274 

Hat Hcraf Loan 44 -1 .. . .. 

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120 91 
14% 11% 
200 234 
103 98 
254 2D7*i 
164 119 
315 211 
» 285 
123V 98V 
544 473 
193 133 
44% 22V 
290 235 
138 69 
IBS 133 
29 23 

Hadaon toy £ 14 % 

Hunwg Aaaec 260 

HuMn Group 101 

Huttwi VOtotoa 223 

Ml 174 

JtoM Bouma 290 
Jerdme Man km 
Jdnai C l ton 544 
J Jnvj i MkBMy 173 
JdWmtFB 42 

74 43117 
14 07 461 
14 10 162 

293 54 144 
0.7 04 22J2 
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MU 34 161 
54 44 74 
103 53161 
24 10.7 9LO 
17 47 261 
114 *4 120 

10b 14 214 
214 73 262 
147 74 93 
7.1 64 324 

Janet 8 Stow 112 
Joacan (Thome*} 190 
KtMmeaM 27 

toon 38% 

Katoy M 248 

Klimoy Soma 123 

iTw a 


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77 41 
34 25 
74 70 

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87 91% 

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212 179 
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311 199 
170 134 
443 326 

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43 67 74 

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313 266 
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260 138 
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388 277% 
498 355 
222 163 

36% 16% 
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308 216 
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174 112 
495 ISO 
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195 180 
32 24 

188 138 
118 64 
388 318 

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Barton Tiaroport 

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233 132 
115 85 

342 21*- 
480 310 
35 26 
335 ZBO 
70S 140 
120 78 

135 84% 

173 105 

174 149 
222 203 

52 35 

338 189 
284 167 
353 »5 
289 220 
11 '. 6 % 
353 258 
72- . 1S% 
123 75 

383 S3 

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Black know 


Ekua Anpa 


Bowen (W") 

34 65 161 
267 135 69 
27 94 
10.7 54 146 

61 54 167 
161 64 163 

16 69 164 

160 66 107 

74 66 103 
61 47 7 M 

66 U 174 

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61 61 169 

144 75 95 
50 44 105 

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9 9 63 161 
17.1 44 144 

63 33 194 

263 215 PBrtar Orodbun 
288 238 P oto) Dun>n 
184 96 PiMWen Hfegt 
75 56 Prtetort fi£y 

115 97 RFD 

172 119 RHP 

130 123 Radar* Mm 
564 421 Rank Org 
200 IIS Haoaoma Skns 
138 98 Pawns |G> MB* 
900 805 RaddH l Ctmm 

173 118 Fl . J l n 8%*a 

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183 133 Raryea 
75 57 Rwokl 

102 90 Raeknor 

675 349 RMHI 
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160 110 FfcWdo Eng 
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4 i 19 mch arro cr Wax 
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158 118 Roiork 
130 98 Ruaadi (A) 

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133 -A 63 74 74 

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154 77 60 114 

113 24 17 634 

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100 62 62 
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99 Si Cato 
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152 127 K ne w 

82 2 GaW Coma 
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395 271 1 C Cm 
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84 64 121 

10.1 68 220 


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37 28% Jack* (Wm) 

300 an Lonmo 
83 51 feMft IffltM 

258 190 Patowr 2DW 

200 190 CO A 
183 126 PWfPro* 

50 » Sm Partly 
580 570 Siam Bros 
1*3 61 Tczar KanMay 

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41 *S D7 

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383 *2 286 

350 *2 259 

37 14 

294 4-3 171 

83 *1 62 

233 ..61 

230 A-3 94 

155 • *2 74 

36 -1 

575 ..219 


180 -I 69 

807 817 
350 281 
73 % 55 % 
282 238 
303 223 

14 % 12 
989 754 
4 S 0 388 

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B»rir 6 U» 

Gan AcddM 

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.. 966 

*25 371 
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A *21 969 
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*38 211 
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247 225 
43 31 

185 (39 
339 224 
281 201 
178 143 
170 M 2 
B 73 470 
890 730 
218 173 
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265 178 
301 189 
188 145 
483 360 
255 172 
450 333 
78 53 
153 110 
230 188 
418 311 
236 140 
05 93 

155 128 
26 % 19 % 
38 28 

•15 513 
t 50 122 
160 124 
228 200 
SO 40 
740 565 
291 273 
400 320 


AMCC Prow 232 

A 88 & mm 38 

Bamrcaa a 5 

Bom Masson 334 

BPCC 251 

Bnamna 157 

DoRjv 154 

Band 670 

Carton Conan 890 

Oiatman 21B 

Owrwynd Stoss ua 

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DesaSan Pssea 175 

EucAMMiA 425 

Farmaan M 25 S 


Gan Gnm 63 

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McCorarotoe 228 

Moro VM 123 

Norton OSBk MS 

oos*y s uaam tar. 

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wace 48 

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WAftmpr 265 

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13 24 179 

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63 69 63 
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1 210 

9 460 
t U4 

9 136 

1 36 










> 218 

5 200 

1 173 

S 620 

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} 136 





1 173 1 

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B^ Cn m r i w nw a ttir i «S *3 62 19 299 

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187 139 
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POTO Mtor 282 

£ 5 X 22 ,* tS 

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H artw e i i 90 

64 68 .. 
50 26 89 

67 67149 
79 63 189 

360 290 FA w 

““ ’M OknyBapa lS 

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S SE*J*>* Baton 7B 
108 82 Pttartl 10G 

212 ^ Dn 9 * in 

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90 16 139 
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618 64 70 
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1-4 TOO 

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Bnmima iMal 

*1 1.8 
» a7 
1*3 19 

*2 66 

85 56 

38% 25% 
9 5% 

20 13 

70 45 

85% «V 
84 59 

780 193" 
35 88 

588 516 

343 280 
43 38 

215 132 

133 98 

440 » 
212 145 
20 % 10 

CanCAd Eng 
Casaro mo 

Cam Md 
feme Ena 


Cento a sneer 
Cernrewey Ind 


-5 11.7 

*2 19 

* 3 % 39 

» 29 


OWWiM 4 HA 83 
(Juro Coro' 77B 
Owt From LjnOi 93 

OMwing £80 

ferom kit 325 

fetoy HuTO 39 

Oarksiaenano 200 
Ctanun Sea 133 

Conan |A) 440 

CetooB Go 212 

CcmWAd Tack 12 ' 

-2 61 
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*15 193 
*12 7 a 
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■ 4 I T - *• 


— : — ^1. • ■ ■ ■. :■ - THE TIMES FRIDAY APRIJL 4 1986 . ; 25 _ - 

^ jo the bestonjiT-* *l by N.5£ RoUischUd &Sons Limited and J. Henry Schroder tt agg& Co. Unified on be hair nWanson Trust PI .£• The Dint-ton. of l lanson Trust P1.C are the persons responsible for the information coniained in this advertisement 

^ Ir Qw| frdpe and belief (having taken ail reasonable ear e to ensure that such is the case) the information contained in this advertisement is in accordance with the farts. The Directors of Hanson T rust PLC accept responsibility accordingly. 

•i; - , »• • 

Biscuits over a b 


CITY pinion is gradually turn* 
iog against United Biscuits in its 
triangular battle for control of 
Imperial Group. 

The 12p jump in United's 
share price yesterday to 2$8p 
said as much. This latest 
increase has taken the value of 
the United offer much closer to 
the level of the Hanson Trust 
bid, but there is enormous doubt, 
about whether United's present 
share price would be sustainable 
if its bid was successful. 

United's offer is currently 
worth 560p per Imperial share 
while Hanson's is just ahead of 
that at 369p. But, while Hanson 
is clearly seekii^ to buy earn- 
ings per share with the purchase 
of Imperial, United would if suc- 
cessful suffer at least 10 p.c. 
earnings dilution in its first, year. 
That would surety outweigh any 
integration benefits that could be 
gained in the short term by a 
United Imperial Group. 

Crunch day for United is April 
11, the final dosing day for its 
offer unless itr becomes uncondi- 
tional. Hanson, on the other 
hand, can extend its bid to April 
29 and it is already claiming 
around 30 p.c. of Imperial's 
shares, including purchases and 
acceptances, compared with the 
22 p.c. which United claims. 

. The Problem for Sir Hector 
Laing and his team at United is 
that they have sold the idea of a 
combined United Imperial so 
hard that the market can now 
spot United's own vulnerability 
to a takeover if its bid fails. 

- The speculation generated by 
that is certainly included in the 
present share ;price which com- ; 
mands . a prospective earnings 
Multiple of 1X3 times. Without 
Imperial that rating has perhaps 
a foil point of downside if Uni- 
ted's own takeover attractions 
are being overplayed. With 
Imperial the sbort-tenn down- 
side is even greater. 

: On a six months view Hanson's 
shares are more attractive with 
Imperial than without it; and 
fully diluted the enlarged group 
share is selling at 13.6 


























s things stand Imp 
shareholders have just two sen 
sible options. Either they dig in 
and accept Hanson's offer, which 
is currently 20p ahead of the pre- 
sent 349p Imperial share price, 
or they sell ha the market. 

if against the odds United was 
to win the battle investors could 
always buy into United Imperial 
at lower prices in a couple of 

Accept the Hanson offer now. The next closing date of our offer is April 1 1 at 3pm. 

O N 

T R U 





A perfect match for investors 

By Derek Harris 

A drive has started to establish a 
national network of business introduc- 
tion services on the pattern of the 
marriage bureaux now established in 12 
ri Lies and towns. 

Essentially it would match investors 
with new businesses that need capital. 
But it also offers a chance of achieving 
“marriages" other than on the present 
localized basis, raising the hope of 
channelling investments from the com- 
paratively affluent south-east to more 
disadvantaged parts of Britain. 

A steering committee has been 
formed to son out the practical prob- 

Faster food 
at the push 
of a button 

Bv Ian A. Jack 

Cook-chill food has turned out to be 
good business for Jeffrey Fox. a 5 J -year- 
old Lancastrian with 25 years in 
industrial catering. 

His company. Crown Catering Group 
based in Newcastle upon Tyne, is 
exploiting this new technology in meals 
preparation, already serving 17 north- 
east locations with more to come. His 
clients range from multinational manu- 
facturers to schools. 

Cook-chill allows snacks and meals to 
be prepared miles away from the factory 
or office and whisked by van to the 
serving point in insulated containers. 
Microwave ovens are then used to heal 
the food. 

Mr Fox claims Crown's cook-chill 
service can reduce costs up to 60 per 
cent on conventional industrial feeding. 
A company no longer needs to equip a 
canteen. Nor is there need for a large 
canteen staff. There are other savings as 
on energy bills. 

Crown Catering was established in 
the early 1 980s because Mr Fox saw that 
change and cost reduction would have 
to come to the factory kitchen just as it 
had come to every other pan of the 
factory floor. 

The company started with two con- 
tracts and three staff. Today's sites are 
served by radio-equipped vans covering 
50.000 miles a year while the company 
has a payroll of 30 and an annual 
turnover of £340,000. Some 20.000 food 
items are prepared each week and 
ferried to diems' premises. Sandwiches 
with any one of 15 fillings are supplied 
as well as conventional hot meals. 

AU are prepared in Crown's central 
kitchens in the ordinary way then go 
into a freezer to be reduced in 
temperature to three degrees above 
freezing. After that they are transferred 
to cold stores which hold that 

At the point of delivery the canteen 
worker checks a label which not only- 
gives a date coding but the microwave 
setting necessary to brine the food back 

lems of which financing will probably be 
the trickiest. 

It follows a meeting of the areas with a' 
marriage bureau as well as other key 
local enterprise agencies. It was orga- 
nized by the London Enterprise Agency 
(LEntA) whose pioneering, marriage 
bureau has now been running since 
J980. Peier Lovell in charge of venture 
capital operations at. LEntA.' says that 
with the idea of national networking 
accepted, the question is how to get it up 
and running. It probably means spon- 
sorship help and possibly organizing 
subscription income. 

The idea ft as apparently raised inter- 


Freezing the costs: Jeffrey Fox of 
Crown Catering 

to consumption temperature. The oper- 
ator puis a meal in the microwave and 
punches the correct setting button. Four 
sites also have dispensing machines for 
the food. 

Ail this may do marvels for 
managements' costs but it works only if 
you sene the right kind of food. “We 
are not in the business of saying ‘Here it 
is. Take it or leave it'," explains Mr Fox, 
“we are in the business of finding out 
people's preferences and making sure 
that what they want is available." 

Mr Fox's own background is that in 
Southport he joined Marks & Spencer as 
a trainee manager but left them because, 
paradoxically, they were thinking of 
coming out of food at that time. 

After three years in Canada he 
returned to England to embark on a 25- 
year career in catering, most of it in the 
north-east where he stayed after meeting 
his wife. 

Mr Fox believes the potential to grow 
is increasing all the time. He says: “We 
are reaching the day when a firm 
employing 50 people will be considered 
quite large." He argues that firms of that 
size do not want all the attendant costs 
of setting up and staffing their own 

• Contact: Crown Catering Group. PO 
Box IE A. Whiiehouse Road. Newcastle 
upon Tyne NE99 1EL4: (091) 275 0220. 

‘Please, please ask for a loan! — we 
want to show everybody how we're 

mmmiffwl tn if’ 

Business Opportunities 



Lady's fashion boutique 
and hair salon 

Silutatcd tn prim location near Die sea front of Praia da 
Rosha. Lapje frontage, well established local cUenieie. inv 
maculate decor Qvou^iouL excellent trading figures, super 

For fufther details telephone Huw Stunty err 

Bristol (0272) 213164 or 739416 


A successful watch and clock importers based in 
London available, due to owner retiring shortly. 


Reply to BOX AOS. The Times. P O Box 484. 
Virginia St. London El 9DD. 


9 bedrooms + 2 bedrooroed private accommodation. 
Busy commercial trade 4 miles from city. Hot & Cold in 
all rooms, full central healing, fire certificate. Freehold- 
Good turnover. 

Offers vooad £125,000. 

Contact 021 458 7675 


snail leasing art leasing company - with huge potential ■ for 
sale. Can be run from home. Virtually no overheads. Own- 
ers unable lo devote sufficient Ume. Existing three/ flve 
year leases yielding £6.600 p.a. Valuable stocks worth 
approximately £16.000 plus £7.000 cash at bank. Tax 
losses £22.000. no liabilities, established name. Entire bqlu- 
IV £48.000. 

Tel 062843040 


City centre retailing bus nos (2 showrooms) with Fogeenpotil 
and Rational kitchen agencies plus Adamite Bathrooms 
franchise requires investor to share m main equity and benefit 

finance growth and secure freehold of main showroom. Senior 
position available for investor with financial/ recaifmq expert**. 
Phene John Anderson on BMI4 2207 


needs freelance research assistant ftp one month's protect to cany out 
telephone survey tfl TOustnai companies Very neat hantfnrrang essen- 
a& AoDtcanfs «nfl He wurtmq from fume usng (her own te l ep hone 
(moenses refunded) Thae is positively no seftng mvah/*) but you must 
be able to talk mtsthgenOy and to srprass ymnetf dearly High earring 
potential remed io factual ndonnaMn gamed from taephane cans to kst 
ot companies suppled Apply n hntrotmg to Manaptg Doedor. 
Newdan Lid. Money House. 314-322 Hegen Sheet. London win SAD. 


specialist in ar ch itectural mouldings 
purpose made joinery, and all types of wood 

Please contact- 
01 739 5961 or 
01 729 6325 for details 


Unhinged funds available on freehold ramnwwl properties: hotels, rest 
homes, shops, taaunes. tarns and offices etc. Second doges and 
lemongagng for expansion, wor k in g capcal etc. also avadaote. 

Horn loans. Me nsurarca and pensions. For m mwfate semes please 
contact ACCIDENT A GENERAL (Uf. ft tariM), WMsv 
Grove, ChfaMbnnt, BR7 5BU. Tab 01 407 8838 


Db you knm Phi nows mom £45.000 pa. lu keep a salesman m the road, 
and that ins eonmssOT accounts lor only aOOut 10% of tta figure 7 fl you 
*mia Me to mmn»se your costs, ten mmrasa your proms, we oil srt to 

C H you have a around or sow n the UtecomnuiciMns held, we haw 
npaneoce and contacts n the todowng nurtets Teres 1000. fcuaeaL 
Legal StaKRtg. insurance Bantena Commodity. Money and Stocttrotatg. 
The Press, as mb is the M i wa xs e d InSustnas. 

To reemr 3 p/KenSatw) an as axworaes jh) rasa mwfvml corsxs us 
mm on the toftromr Ter 01-656 5286. Telia 934579 H8C G. 

NEMiD camHumcATmts szmncxs 


it is possible to turn 
£1000 into £10.000 
very quickly. Low 
known risk. 

01-930 8732 


We row i mm enwentu 
I d cornmeroa) & Bane 
dealings «h Iran 4 m» 

Be aw to asset you to -• 
«aer new business or 
e naance proswffi on 
eas ting ima as w be ta 
Gouenrieit & prose 
salon Some More may 
be amaue tor 
pstenwm ei «rm d 

Please contact- 

4-5 tmwMr Place, 
Phone 01-245 6733 

w* MARKETS. new product* 
Hundre d* of currnu 
import . export mnnunum 
monuuy IEL- Ctepi TA. 1 5. 5*1- 
***te Lanr London, nwt 3SS 
id 936 S600J 




Good profits. 
Director retiring. 
Reply to BOX 
E66 . 

0273 47B424 


very anracnv e CMractw & lo- 
cation 60 covers. cutHiem 
known storm, office etc Sepa- 
rate bam 40 persons Lovely 
garden* A terrace i«> roveru. 
On sue budding plot urtumsrd- 
AU inclusive £105.000 sterling 
sum credii. Omur Manage- 
ment Ltd . P O. Bos 407. AicuL 
BerVv FL5 OLf. 


aHlim reauired far esubbshed 
rental Company operating in 
lit* security susroms marker. 
Rental income per month in ex- 
cess of £50.000. For the 
necessary financial informal km 
In the first instance ring T. 
fruififonh. Financial Ofrocfor 

r0*43i SSI 03 

MIDLANDS demoirdrallon sum 
required lor sateflile TV receiv ■ 
urn equipment. Sell from 
comfort of your luxury 
home / bust new / showroom 
wlW9 emoting benefit ol up lo 
14 new channel* Se» up cost* 
£1500 High reward* lull mar - 
•Mins support. Tel 0205 
715013 Wednesday lo Friday. 

7IUNCX. Ciigfnfmun. 40. res.. 
S W France exp tneng'g 'agri- 
cultural eg vj ip I - auto 

moil ve/ wine /holiday Indio- 
tries s ee k s buUnm 

propneiilans. partnerships, 
aoenneseic Repfv lo BOX E84. 

F • H Georgian property vn Sna 
lawn Lei down be chancellors 
budget rr BES change*. Ennui- 
rves to Dcinnoals on 01725 
5422 or iOSM-i 50*859. 

your own prol iiaMr huuims al 
norar. Free information irom 
wel Depi TT 4a Knigms 
Chambers Edmonton Green 
London M OT P 

CATWtCH - Spertalrsl employ, 
men | agy offers collaboration: 
02-33 sitiiTi i24 hrv 

A MHVATE PVBUSfa with 18 
years mhmui pobUsiiMg of 
travel guides on Portugal sup- 
ported by Travel Trade A tool 
bi mnrimei . wiatiee lo sell due lo 
reuremcni. Write: 8 Wyketiam 
CL OM Perry Si. CMsslchursL 
Kent BR7 6PN. 


Modern. Duty. weS cslatrttshed 
In promfnem west of (retrod 
town. All varieties of work pri- 
vate. social welfare A Mam 
service Further details from S- 
G McCarthy g, Associates. So- 
licitors. Lnudirra. County 
Galway. Tel: 0I03&391 41629 

(direct dial i. 

HOLIDAY CAMP. 4 acres near 
Sun on -On- Sea. Line*, cotnpra 
ino bunoaiowv static and 
louring caravans, luxury duh- 
house, new a nedroomed nouse. 
loads of potential. Qufcx sate 
£170.000. No offers, telephone 
0602 625513 

VIDEOMAT. Untraded Company 
owning patents 3 proutype of 
automatic video r ruling ma- 
chine I or sale Business plan 
shows £4m assets in 3rd year 
Mini sale* leads Price 
ISO 000. Phone John Held 
■0702.1 541466 daytime. 

SMALL depi srpre. E.MJd. city 
centre. 7000 m It three Hoots. 
£‘:m. + turnover. Nee* 

modernisation and expansion. 
Far sale a* profitable going con- 
cern mcl. freehold property. 
Reply lo BOX E24. 

SMATHOS. CRtXCC. Small prof. 
liable bar. good location. OHers 
around £15.000. 0932 246X2 



esi at the Department of Employment, 
because of the implications for encour- 
aging small businesses, although wheth- 
er any funding will be forthcoming from 
Wh itehall remains to be seen. 

Mr Loveil said: “There is scope for a 
national network of business introduc- 
tion services. It would create a wider 
market for both investors and compa- 
nies looking for investment. There is 
also the likelihood that some of the 
money from the south-east could be 
channelled into the needier regions such 
as the north-east and the south-west. 
That might be a pious hope but until it is 
tried out it is bard to say whether it will 


■ British Venture Capital Association 
(BVCA) the trade body for the 1 30 or so 
venture-capital funds, is organizing 
the first conference for those at the 
receiving end of venture capital to put 
their problems and questions not only to 
BVCA members but to leading figures 
in the Government, the other political 
parties, banks and civil servants. It 

ner of Building Tomorrow’s Profitable 

Those expected include Lord Young, 
Secretary of State for Employment his 
small businesses minister, David 
Trippier, and Geoffrey Pattie, minister for 

Mrs Thatcher has thrown her weight be- 
hind the idea of the conference and 
when the lessons arising from it are di- 
gested, it is hoped to follow up with a 
working meeting at Number 10 to dis- 
cuss specific issues. 

■ A no-charge training course for 

organized m the Southend area of Es^ 
sex by Enterprise Courses with funding 
from the Manpower Services 
Commission. As a course introduction a 
one-day workshop will be held on 
Monday at the Airport Moat House hotel, 
Southend, and the five-day training 
course will follow later in the month. 
Contact Enterprise Courses, PO Box 
465, Globe House, New Street Chelms- 
ford CN1 1TY: (0245) 350595. Leaf- 
lets are available at Southend Jobcentre. 



Advisers to the Businessman 

We have many companies looking Tor investment sources in all sectors 
ranging from chains of hotels, technology, industry, retail outlets. 
ducationaL publishing and advertising, U.K. property development 
nd overseas, leisure and service industries. 

Company specialising in Per- U.K. based construction 
'umes and Toiletries currently company requiring equity 
■caking an investor with view partner - for overseas project, 
o USM within 3-5 years. High return. 

B..M.VV Authorised Dealers CoMingcd m sect page 

apital Consultants 

Advisers in Corporate Transfer acquisitions, mergers - 
venture capital commercial lending. 

Worcester House, Dragon Street, Petersfield, 

~ aata GU31 4JD. Teh (0730) 68122. 

©Ivor Holmes SkST 

1 %5{C) KK35 CSL Polaris. aircon,4300 mBes POA 

1585(B) 5281 A, Batorietoicsiinfool.aloys, tnt £12£B5 

1 S85 (C) 323212-door, Polaris, Liffpack&OOOmles £12395 

1 986 [C)Sa)l,Plaienefl 1 sunia>I 1 pHCTlint glass £11,535 

1386(C) 3201 4^toar,Plalenen, rear hradresfe-StBr £10,995 

19S5(B)31S2dow, While, sunroof, 1 1,000 iTfias ££,435 

1 SS4 model 7351 A SC.SixgufKty.ish.akcDn, Towner £14&£ 

1983(Y)VWGOLFGTl 1 Bffianifejl. wry low mteage,immaai3S 


A Small Selection from Our Appromi Used Stock 

On Tuesday, April 15, 1986 
, at 9:00 am 
The London Chamber 
of Commerce and Industry 
will sponsor a seminar - - 


Your Strategic Investment 
and Expansion Opportunities 
in the United States 

featuring representatives of 
The Fantus Company 

Officials of Fantus, the leading location consulting 
firm in the U.S., will be available prior to and after 
the seminar for private meetings to discuss their 
services. For an appointment or more information, 
please contact: 

Me Ian Wealherbead 
North American Section 
LCC1, 69 Cannon Street 
London EC4N 5AB 
Tel: 01-243-4444 Ext. 2055-7 






otuH25*iB - i-OOOsi n. imtnttflau 
at rates, rota ay sense.. 

Phone 01*381 8677 (Z4 in} 

from £99 JO 

Swwcoaor Cmouy Semen LM 
Bridge 54. I SI Qm Vienna SL London- ECA 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Also Company Searches 


PUBLIC COMPANY tn me letem* 
industry wtshn to supply front 

vkkte anaoes/Beunes room inio 
eocKned markets. 

hygermarkeB. itepartmcnBI 
stores or other similar sttes.ef- 
tneron rented space or share of 
Income arrangement- (How 
write or telephone Mr*. J. sun- 
ner. Delth Letsur PLC. 127 
Wandsworth High Street. LON- 
DON SW 18 41 B- 


Sates proven. Ill health. 
£10.000 OJ1H. 01-948 1021. 

ACCOUNTANT on tong contract 
In Cyprus fr sew seeks offers 
01-540 989S eves A w/ends. 


An exciting 









No premi u m. 24 hr. ac= 
cess. PrasUste tunmsn 
carpeted offlees Mp 
pbone and ttest Fnm £70 
pwktf UxAfStve. S hart/- 
long term. ferktng 

01-838 4808 


No Premium 

Pmshgt tom. car pa rai 
sbCNnoora offor aa rocav 
sm mm prune + T/X. 
ta n ned arad. Stenficmg- 
tarm. Partang (acflUu. 

From £75 pw 



(0202)24242. HOUSE (0202)887331 




Block of 60 two bed flats hdd by family 
Company. 19 vacant 41 tennanted. Company 
for sale by sealed tender. North London Area. 
For details and tender documents apply to CM. 
Alfifle & Co. Solicitors, 3S Piccadilly, WI. 

Promotion Stands 
Hfierafiche Raadors 
OrtfiKad pnjicins 
. Asd iwiim l if ikwifjH . 


A business I con run ecsfy from home, with unlimited 
potential, an exclusive area, regular repeat orders, 
high profit margins, positive cash flow, m ini mal over- 
heads, no stock requirwnenr and over £100 per dor 
profit, h con work for you too. Far details send a 9x4 
SAE to The Marketing Director, Scorpion House, Hgh 
St, Turret, Bedford MK43 SOB. 


All areas. Suitable for seif employed profession- 
als, part timers and mothers with children. 
Unique constructional educational & fun toys 
for girls, and boys aged 1-1 1. Starter sales kit £25 
- up to 5(Wf commission. 

Phone 0962 881363 or writes 
PO Box, Winchester S023 SLE 

For details ring ■ ■ ■ 
M-O-S-SLS- on 
0734 73362L 
27 L Nine MDe Ride. 
W nlringham, Berkshire. 

estate enats-san^ors-ydum 


Two targe terraoed mid victoria 
compri sin g of 43 rooms. 9 battirooi 
Planning permi s sion granted for 16 lux 

flats piu 9_two mews houses. 

Freehold with vacant possei 

£ 925,000 

Tel: Ot-262 7893 

mid Victorian properties 
. 9 bathrooms. 10 W.Cs. 
rad for 16 luxury residentiai 

■AnoDS SELL nor » aw 
hmuib ope nta ws . Avails 
dMrfbation i«iMr « Dr P 
CauMwrtL *Wfanfurord*. satffng 
MW. RUflHdat. Staffs 0888 




- we lest tt! thoroughly, rraifattcatty amrtn u xanpte te cgpfl- 
dencB. Can yoa afford to wtat for a oandoe robbery to see 
If your aecnrity works ? Do mesf l c . taduaHtM A c o mmerc ia l 
CBtracS undertaken. Contact ib now Deface tttaappero-tor 

T«L Security Inteniatiawri m 
0484 44581 24 bows 





Badges • Tag qauutjr croowL hand and machine onbrat- 
dered. Club and Company Ues. iwrahlic oMeMs. car badges 
etc. For colour brochure write In or phone: 

U.K.'s largest man order 
comp an y offer customer 
returns, pool and snooker 
tables, large or small ouan- 
tftfes available at huge 
discounts. Returned goods 
sell. Surplus and related do 
not seU. Also thousands of 
cues of various qualities at 
25% off retail. 

Phone 0244 549444 


Ex mad order stocks of 
returned goods indiuUng 
doming. furniture, 
bard-ware, household, 
toys etc. Offered at huge 

Tel: 0244 549444. 


(Incorporated in Malaysia) 


PaMU New Guinea 
Porta On«topmenl Protect 
Contract No 2 



Thr Papua New Guinea Har- 
bour* Board InvHn roof ica lion 
from conlrwnon who wtsn lo 
. prMtiaitfy for a setennf lender 
list for Ihr suave protect 
The Government of Hie Indepen- 
dent Stale of PatHM New 
Guinea ha obtained from Uie 
Asian DetirtOMnenl Bank /The 
Banli ■ loan funds lo finance the 
to/np ractianpe .-on* of the 
work*. The prequaitnranon of 
contrarian wul or tunned lo 
bona fide contractors Irom 
member countries ol The Bank, 
in addition cwnanan should 
he aware that Ihr procurement 
procedure* lor the Protect wiu 
he governed by The Bank's 
guideline* for procurement 
The amnoxbnale value of the 
proiect a 14 mill Km Kina. For 
further detail* of ine protect and 
preouahl Icalum documents an- 
Duration should be made tn 
writing to. 

MaunseU Consul Ian is 
Defence For re BwMina 
Cnr Hunter Street A Champion 
■ PO Bo* 800) 

Papua New Guinea 
Tlx No. NE23394 
Fa* No ie*75i 212TCO 
Completed nmnllfmiion doc- 
uments miN t>r KMqed ai the 
above address on or before Fri- 
day 6Ui June I9a& al «om_ 

Notice of Meeting 

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Second Annual General Mee ting 
of the Company wffl be held at fee Registered Office of fee Company 
2nd Floor Kaying Association Building, 114Jalan Sultan Yussu£ Ipoh, on 
Wednesday 16th day of April, 1986 at 1130- a.m. for fee following 
purposes: - 

To consider and if thought fit pass the following resolutions: 

1. “That fee accounts for fee year ended 31st December 1985 together 
wife fee annexed reports of the Directors and Auditors, be and are 
hereby received and adopted.” . 

2. “That Mr J. D. Hellings, who retires in accordance with Section 129 of 
fee Companies Act 1965, be and is hereby re-appointed a Director of 
the Company to hold office until the next Annual General Meeting” 

3. “That Mr C W. Hesise, who retires in accordance wife Section 129 of 
fee Companies Act 1965, be and is hereby re-appointed a Director of 
fee Company to hold office until the next Annual General Meeting.” 

4. “That Enrik Abdullah bin Yuso£ who retires in accordance with fee 
Company’s Articles of Association, be and is hereby re-elected a 
Director of fee Company” 

5. “That Messrs. Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Co., Kuala Lumpur and Desa, 

Megat & Co., Ipoh, who are eligible and have given their consult for 
re-appointment, be and are hereby re-appointed fee Company's 
Auditors for fee period until the conclusion of the next Annual General 
Meeting and that fee remuneration to be paid to them be fixed by fee 
Board.” . 

Ipoh, 2nd April, 1986. 

By Order of fee Board, 

(1) A 

( 1) Amonber enmted w aBend land wxe at die meeting is entitled to appoint a prosy to attend and, on a poH. to 
vote instead of hint Under Section U9(l) (b) of the Companies Ao, 1965 a proxy need not be a of 

me company but n nor a member of the Company tie must be a qualified legal practitionen an atmraved 
company auditor or ^person approved by the R^iarar of Companies in the particular case. 

(2; There are no cantraosof senrice between the Directors and tfu» fmnpany 

^ 4 ’ 

Motoring by Clifford Webb 


on trouble 

praed soprecanonsly on the 
edge of Qipe St Ymomu 
Ponugafs most weste^At 

^aQutp 0s j > , &liatt heinost 

friendly: place.- aa^a add and 
™? s *' ept day in Man*. It 
baomes even -more miserable 
whoi you discover that' the * 
only fey i&your car is in die 

steering, cohmin did you are A 
locked out . _ . 

“Don*! panic", 1 reassured 

my passengers. “Mostcais can 

pe opened with a little maenu- 

^•p^Jpokn®for a piece of ' 

.. ^enaiuiTieffse^clidrew^ - 
a-btank. r_nm .wn a fence to 
raid - my wife suggested trying 
the, workshop .at- the light 


+* m ' 

e; woosnop Mr the light- only as a guide ibr die string. 

vT*" A quick yank a n d the door 

Have you ever tried ex- was open. 

The 505 GTZ, Peugeot’s new addition to the Family. 

needs of such a huge cabin. A 
more powerful system, feed- 
ing more strategically sited 
vents and controlled by push 
buttons, now produces' rapid 
changes in temperature. 

The 505 GTi Family which 
anreared in my drive recently 
for testing had me scratching 
my head. 

It was some time before the 
penny dropped. The old mod- 
el had its “ bottom in die air**, 
leaving quite a space between 
the rear wheels and the wheel 
arches. The new one has lost 
the gap thanks to a combina- 
tion of suspension changes 
including the use of the lower 
suspension and thicker roll 




r 5 St^ and Austia Sra ofthepre vious GTi 
Rover and several prototypes saloon. 

* Coven ?y The new bumpers, alloy 


from £29.92 +vat 

TEL: Callum Milne 539 8282 


Take the 

on your new car 

OBW" OO* 1.0 Imeclinn l°M 
wnil*. Tin 'Slide nUc* row 4 
vhreo nxHo tea £5X0 
on o Ol *7.8974 
au» Vogue Uv. Vngw sw 
Rplircl condition. 9 COO mlrs 
£12.000 04444 2630 
VERSA XR 4x4. 4 whM dr 2 81 
wnar. Aug 85 E wataouv 
c lock, pas Sunroof £9900. 

Wsltwd 109231 720713 
HTtlCT. DM availability. 0382 
KU84. Houston 
Rook 4uio Centre Lie 
FERRARI 4001 80 A mo. Air Con. 
F5H. 1 Own. 46.000 mt% VGC 
£13.995 P/X 0990-2270! (!) 
RX7 Htt 33650 hnmarulale 1 
owner iwm racm Extra lym 
£49M Dr OWwur 0302 67759 
TVR SHI Goupr. l«*8«. 19.000 
mb snommg ««npie. T 
£11.900 am PX 0744 21862 



.TheSateil some rimebefore reHRWMhESSg * 2 L 5 BTWK 

. ■ • SP® 3 ? a wrq. of your recountlnE this onenmni . -another mamrfarmrM*- : jTTm , tZ .. 

• £. u, ‘ ' 3 *WQ.- oi your 'recounting this experience be- - -another, mann&cturer. 

V|ce that cause of the obvious danger of - Stuart Roll, deputy 
Square locked out of your car the method of entry getting ‘ man of FF Devdopmei 
p, and “eking a pose of wire to into the wrong hands. Howev- the- son - of the co 
^°° r SCQ ^ and er I decided logo aheadwith a founder sai± “We did : 
nopetuJJy-ltfrthe release knob? few precautions, such as omit- 
Fmaliy, with the aid of a ting the tyjie and make of car, 
graphic mime and a drawing because of the very large 
of a wire coatbanger on the number of motorists who find 

mzuLBCTi mn T imc mrer. sunoundsafl help to make the 

ciau 2 estate less-top heavy looking 
man of FF Developments and and much more attractive. 

the. -son - of- the company 
founder said; “We did similar 
work for Ford and a number 

The big Peugeot really 
comes into its own when you 
are looking for the luggage 

; **s =ca»i 

back of an envelope, we themselves in a similar posi- 
retumedto the car aimed with tion every day. 
a collection of screwdrivers, a - The AA, .for insta n c e; teQ 
rather frightening hammer, me that last year they were 
pliers and the all important called to 108,000 locked out 
Piece of wire. motorists. • If you take into 

Any nopesThad of insertuig account those who turn to 
the wire in the rubber seal other road organizations, local 
were q uickly dispelled by the dealers orthe police you could 
reluctance" of 'tferiigjnhaussr \ easily double that figure, 
keepers to hand dvaLthe tools- The simple answer, of 
and the manu facture r’s use of course, is not to arm yourself 
' a particfll ariycl TOefettingaoqr " with tcpockercar break-in kit, 
surround. but' to hide a spare key on the 

Two hpurs later we were outside of the car. I do not 
still locked out and the women want to identify specific hid- 
had wandered offin search of ing places, but a little careful 
something warnj. . That was attention will suggest several. 

tion every day. more than half his turnover. 

-The AA,. for instance; teO 
me that last year they were iVIOlC 
called to 108,000 locked out 
motorists. If . you take into iDWcl 
account ( hose who mm to ivn- since Peugeot launched 
other road organizations, local 505 Estate car in the 

-.1 - *. - . - oiw ivuMiic tut un* lukgdtt 

others. It is now an lmpor- cap^ty G fa van together with 

S the comfort of a well- appoint- 
recfeM that by the 1990s, US ed saloon. Four people setting 

221*2* ** out for a fortnight’s holiday 

more than half his turnover. ^ ^ of playing 

A/TnrP golf every day, whatever the 

i,1Ui ^ weather, cany enough clobber 

POWCr to pul even a small truck to the 

Ever since Peugeot lau nched Folding down the third row 
their 505 E stat e car in the of seats left such a huge 
summer of 1982, hard drivers amount of room for suitcases 

have been bemoaning the lack 
of . power. The 2 litre, 4 
cylinder engine had 10 propel 
one oftbebiggest- over 16 feet 
long- states on the market. In 
the Famfly version it has three 
rows of seats and copes with 
up to’ eight passengers and 

when the^ man in the white If tike me you find yourself 
shirt appeared. He took charge out on a limb, don’t despair. 

U. f j **:*■_£. 

instantly.- '• ■ As the' AA said: “There is 

The suggested route through hardly a car made that our 
the door, seal was .quickly roadside assistance teams can- 
abandoned. He opted instead not enter within a few 
for a more brutal but much minutes.”. . 
more .effective, method of It may take you a couple of 
entry on this particular car. He hours, but do persevere. 
instructed the lighthouse men’ .n *4* -f.-. . 

to each insert' a .screwdriver . OliLlSIl ’ 

' x between the top'offhe window 

and the door frame and . prise 
*'* it open about. a quarter of an 

inch. Then hejneasured the 
distance from the top of the 
iX3 j window to tbe~ release- knob 
- *' and bent his wire accordiiigly. 
m” But stilt it defied" us. 

UndL that is, die ladies 



American car makers ’were 
slower to catch on to the 
benefits of four wheel drive 
than their European coimter- 

Now the alert French com- 
pany has taken steps to meet 
the demand for more power 
by installing the 22 litre, all- 
alloy, feel injected unit used in 
the 505 GTi saloon for the 
past three years. 

At the same time the estate 
benefits from the general wash 
and brush np given to the 
whole 505 range for 1986. 
Externally this consists of new 
blade polypropylene . wrap 
around bumpers, new lamp 
dusters and black painted 
win do w surrounds to lessen 
the top heavy appearance of so 
much glass. 

Internally the changes are 

But still it deped-teL. .. p«ris,but now toey are traqg •••SSSR the ebanres are 
Until that is, die ladies to make up for lost tuna Jlre more extensive, witha new 

^ dashb^^yrSichisa 

strmg-antt suggested fashion- "Coventry based.FF Develop- mo dd of clarityand common- 
mg a running noose at one ments, successors to the or®- ^ mQSt 

end. Mr White Shin’s eyes lit nal Ffagtoon Fonr Wheel 

and dubs that packing was 
child's play. 

Vital Statistics 

Model; Peugeot 505 GTi Family 

Price; 212^95 

Engine: 2165cc injected all alloy 
4 cylinder 

PerformancecO to62mph 11.2 
seconds, maximum speed 108 

Official consumption: Urban 
23^ mpg, 56 mpti 37.7 mpa 
and 75 mph 28 2 mpg 
Length: 16.1 feet 
Insurance: Group 6 

But as with all things pleas- 
ing there is a price to pay. The 
standard 505 Family is avail- 
able for nearly £2,000 las than 
the GTi’s £12,295. Some peo- 
ple may be tempted to go for 
the cheaper model expecting 
its lower powered engine to be 
mere economical They will 
be wrong. It is fractionally 
more sparing on petrol at a 
steady 56 mph and also at a 
steady 75 mph (official gov- 


1M4 (8) n son red Mh 
macnota manor rated red 1 
omw A i4.odo mica 
or*. ZIUSO 


1*3 (Y) in tnetaRc S*or wtti 
bixgundy manor & hood. 1 
owner. 41.000 mies A tfwre- 
torfl priced at OSASOL 


•MO JWJ 81 Model n Sebrfeig 
tJue with matpioka manor 
ppad blue. OffanN car aa- 
ed fay motor. <0.000 
mdes E2SA50. 

Aston Martin 



As. normiuw Red 
rorcaHit Tan trim hnrne- 
dUlc Mnsy Lot pnea 

at as ptr urea pai i eta 

m£ Saturn GoM TaiMpi 
CRN 2.06J mttea Tmd. 
tramacoiaiaC! USO Sa«e 
£2.000 on on pnre. 

0902 23295 


1588cc ER 
0*60 > 9 secoods 
117npb » Top Speed 


RegMmtf in BWch A Red. BS 


7.000 miles, 

sjereo/cassoie Full 
colcoded trim. Lady 


Tel 01-612 6678 

"up; "His "fingers positively" ca^" Drive Company. 

ressed^wireintoyctanoih^-. -FFpevelopmoife's viscous 

7:17 er shape. JhkJniB |Q^erye -^iq^ ^iffl^is.alneady hi Ia ^ ouringa ^ with the 

sense. But the most impres- enunent figures^ but the 
rive change by far is the new ““ch more significant u rban 
heating and ventilation - sys— cycle shows that the GTi 
e old one was always _ rcpijns 23.3 mpg compared 
z- to coDe with the- with 21.9 mpg. 

FROM £5,395 


01-749 6091 

Tint. GoMiwd Sotr car. S 
tel box. atr com 3400 rattofr 
irorn HW. £.14 99S. Cttw 061- 
881 2112 / Evtx 061 «A 

1 1 COO kms. arte. wMt. FSH. 
nami tbrouehoai. 02.960 
Pltoar 0923 35971 IbMMt 
09276 2616 (attire). 

MOROAN «/«. Red. MMn> 
mlf^raitv ONminazmot 
£12.000 TNrelMne. C Do wk 
home 06296 66564: Ctflcc 
0344 424701. 

1*77 CADILLAC (Omul Bneo- 
tmr. Exreuent common T««j 
and MOT £5.750 ono TH: 061 
630 2873 anytime. 

1986. A rare blur. I2-SOO 
mdn. tmnucttUir. £7.660 ooo. 
Coventry 414627. 

ml lev, pearl white, tmmandale. 
FSH- Hectare Stan. t&2WTd 
01-381 9800 eves, weekend!. 

far smmer deHirry Oocn io 
affen. 01-627 2636. 

TLE 23M. company Direetom 
Car Matntaloed by Jensen for 
last 6 yra Excellrnt Condition. 
Brown wtBi bhk LeaOwr up- 
hotstery. 3 Owners from pew. 
Just completed sendee. 

£4600 one. 073066311 lafl) 
073063945 (ImU 

ratRAia Mnwom. m coupe 

1985 C RraJWQV Red with 
Betae Hide. Plus son mf mi l 
Farrar! reanemesils etc. CoodJ 

i-l :e“S 3995371831 

OPAL MONZA MM E 84. 6 9pd. 
Isa ESR. E/ Windows. CSC 
Sootier. Romoie Or Locking A 
Alarm. CrapMc. 26-000 mm 
tmmaculate Condmon £769S 
ono Tel: 0438C14557 
824 TURBO AUlo 82. Guards Red 
28 000 FSH. BUc BBT 6 P/Mnpe 
inter. S. roof, elkrv wteefe. elec 
windows. iniiTorv lull syv new 
P6 tyres 6 mud Ram. unmac 
rar £9200. 013014312. 
CRRCONBX IB er Hatchback B 
Res. Black- Radio. E/ Windows, 
immac. Company Car wnti car 
Phone. £6 000 * Trnnfer of 
Phene tease 7H: 017852411 

rnuu u H sbso cr« dm o Red 

with black leather, an con. 
39.000 miles, lull service Msto- 
ry. as new tfvoughmd £1 2.995. 
Beve rley AlMOS 0702 712165 
FORD RS Tuns Cnsmm. 85 C. 
All mores. 1 owner. 7000 
rules 3 year warranty. 
£8.150 Tel- 0924 368144 CBV 
0757 82717 (SO 
NEW MAZDA RX7 A 2 01 626 
modest available for tramediaie 
delivery from Hltchm Mania ui 
hprth Herts. Tel 0462 32819 / 

RENAULT B A i*o -A' Reg No 
V83 2000 mile*. One owner, 
metal Mur. pah button vkf 
R adio. Top ehape. £3250 
Caurham <08831 49149. 
SOU 2SL. -A' Reg. 1984. 
Good common Extended war- 
ranty. Mecathc Red. Taxed Dec 
£3498 ono TH: 068 283 3366 
idayi. 043 883 3379 irvevt. 
Reg. Red 3 000 m. genuine pri- 
vate sale, simply as new. 
unused during wtnier. £6.730 
Telepho n e 01615 5727 eves. 
VOLVO 7C0 SIX- March 83 V. 
Brown meL beige maertor 
1 2 XXX) miles, all usual extras. 
unmac. £10.495 OTBO 740490 
Uwmei: 0776 66331 loffirei. 

crracoR duel ex. dtr. c 

Reg Oec B/Roof. C 'Locking E 
wind. PAS. A* new. £6.996 
Tel SI ALbans 0727 34187 

COLT OALAMT 2000 Turbo. 1 
owner. July 83. FSH. immacu- 
late condition. 18.000 imies. 
£6.960. 09073 6*632 ICuesl 

HYUNDAI Stellar OLS. Apr* BS. 
It. XXX) mb t owner, bnoiacn. 
late condmon. £4600 ono. 
10702) 301 329- 

Blur Metallic 42.000 miles 
£3-5<X> Tel 0698-421480 


IS MM SAAB 900 5 dr 6 w. 

Rove quart* 1.400 miles, ev 
Iras £6 910 OSt 683 «T7 T 


ROLLS ROYCC and Limouune 
hire Chaffeured mnlcr cars lor 
all otosmn, gnuiuf no wml 
V rrc mode* ran-. Callinglon 
Camaqe Company ■0779i 

B30*4 R3099 

1381 735i Auto 

Electric mirrors, windows, 
swraof etc. Sever metaKc 
with Blue velour trim. 12 
months MOT. 54.000 
miles. Truly outstanding. 


051-260 7685 


3231 AUC U (AL 29 000 mb 
rSH 1 owner ICC. Hmna 
Red Aruhraciie doth uphol- 
sierv Dec windowv ESR. (I*c. 
imrrorv Central lotting. Al 
loyv Green Nan Removable 
Oanon radio rawar 4 vewak- 
ers £8.300 Tel OJ 454 3702 
or CU 731 2605. 

BMW E3S CSI AUTO. I960. An- 
ihracue Giev Cream Interior 
Below average mileage 2 lady 
owners Exrelletil condition. 
FSH MOT All extras £7.500. 
TH 0386 858497 iw ends) or 
01 836 6930 iw daysi 


Pilrnro**. Soorb Seats. AUoyv. 
E /Window,. Air Con. Tints. 
PAS Speed Control. Rr Seal 
Bell. Fogs. For Immed delivery 
Normally Cott U8J75 Pnre 
£15.996 TH 061-434-099511 1 

NEW BMW’S 31« A 3201 2 Door 

Choice ol Colours Tints, 

S/Roof. E/ Windows. Air Con. 

RadM KH. Alloys. Fogs. 

E/Locktno. Rr Seal Bells, fan- 
mediate Delivery P/X Poss. 

Savina on List. 061-434-099B 








-84 White with black hide. AO 
electnc Air rand. Sun Roof 


10.000 mb As new Vary 90 ed 




Automatic. PB. hobos Hue 
limned deL Ray PoweO Lid. TH 
Ot 606 6419 9 to 6 mn 

choice of colour 6 wre tnuned 
Del. 0682 B663GS. Hooghton 
Regb Auto Center Ltd 

HW A USED Range Raven Imp- 
ed prelection available a UK 
Phone Oi 449 7301 Braadneidi 
L on do n Range Rover Centro. 

1 ir? j-jjiul s 


■ ■■■ , 0 ol 

MECHANICAL insurance; 


-^Safeguard’ symbol has 



1383 (Y) 

Metaic Shw/Sue mtenor. 
Electnc sun root, cnee con- 
fa* Bautpunkt Stereo Mc- 
42000 Mies 


TEL OFFICE (061) TBS 3268 
OR HOME (06J) 707 2025 

jy *- 1 c '"1 



A8S. elec reef. M oceanic, 
homed OeL <07462) 4343JT) 


1878 BENTLEY T2. Grey, beige 
Uilertor. 58 000 imlec. 1 owner, 
very good condmon- £16- 00 0 
and. 01-838 3301. 

rarito/caasMta. du faw fc ignt- 
Hen. AH service UMocy. a vary 

Tsana 190 z a Reg Auto 
White, red unertor Elactne 
wmdowa conroof and nurrora. 
Air randmantng. radlo/casette 
stereo. 4 vaaiierv. Oectnc art- 

100731317177 . 

APPROVED _ K . . . . 


—crew zao bl a* 1970. 
H 8 8 toga. Guuer /black. Ftftr 
reuared to original spretfleo 
non. Black toaUier Wcrtoc. 
£12.000 ono. 094 876801 

11 Trim 

it 1 1 r 1 j y »_M I . ^ 





If 01 


128 Gfouisster Wacc. lorrion NWJ 5AQ 

■ ■ 5-vT-l 

1 1 1 rr * j ' v l 1 w 

230E 83(A) Mm&rfaBge. hgbt brow doth. ESA. Wa EW.285® 
508SS. B 3 (t) Harajagw. fet un»n:wtai; *r “o. us.. 

50QSEC 85TO wm atar.ttfaB hdba t-fanad": 

MaiumnH air c ondU in ning, 
oiampamw velour. 37/3aooo 
miles- £17.980 for amefc sale 
due to berrav em eOL 0733 
67802 lev* 

■06 SL Ang 82. V Rrg. Ivory. Air 
Con. AB6. Cruhe Control. Ra- 
dto. Rear Seats Hr. FSH Low 
Mileage, immaculate condition. 
£21.760 Banuaad Surrey Tet 

200 AUTO A98Z). Wtme wtth 
beige mm. Sun roof and stereo. 
46XXX) net , in ehteiiw n ron- 
Aito. £SS80 Tel 061 
7908267 nil 061 338S611 UU. 

280GC A RES Auto MetaJBc Sll 
vct Air tamL Oec sunroof 
Mag wheels. FSH. 49.000 
miles, t owner. £ 10.993 ono. 
St Albans 10727) 62121 m 

months. £9.600. TH: 06614 
2207 or 0632 614460 

JAMJAR XS M 1493 A leg- 
6X100 miles only. Cabas blue, 
was accident damaged bta has 
been body shell changed lo 
tur speclflcatlon. TMacgr Unbl 
and drtvas as good aa new and 
carriapa 12 iborW w n rr auly . 
AD abselide bargain at 
£11.730. Pnorv oareoa ctn 
471 3606. 


Bentley Turbo 

R/Mudsannr/Sptm. Cash 

awaiting no probl e m tmraedJ- 
atety Please phone 01 608- 
6262 or 01-602-4243 Or jetlle 



WBo l . 1966 C. Alptna 
wnup/fauck leather, recaro 
seats, telephone. 9 000 miles. 
£24.960 SJOCkS tOt73) 

212066. Sunday <06381 


Red FSH 1 owner. Just over 
10.000 ims. 5 gears. Ew. 3rd 
seaL foU stereo. SR. Prime. 
£l4_JOO TH 02407 2680. 


ver. s. roof, e'wtndows. VQC. 
FSH. arrra 22.000 mues. 
£11-330. TH 01-699 2697. 

m 468 SL Auto 1978 
Stiver Btoe leather. S/H lop. 
low mips, as extras, as new. 
£9.860 tH 01 468 8368 

OO SL nso convertible. 
Cr-aro brown. 1976 lMiut» 
tale condtoon raooo. Tel: 
0728 3157 

S80SL WHITE ABS. April -86- 
Del males Oectnc window*. 
A utp Mag allo ys. £27.9 30 otuL 
Tel: rvr 0706 62/381 

Charagogne -brawn InL stereo 
cassette. E/windows Ar roof 
24.000 mues. as new £ 13.75a 
0273 686713 Eves/Wen*. 

SSOSL SPORT 1971 on. 68JOOO 
miles In Shw. Lxcefientcanffl- 
Don for year. Taxed A tested. 
Hard wfl lop. £7300 04336 
78044 or 413S tCtOU T 

WNP S Ciwnshed number on 
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qUATTKO TUB8 Q. 1983 (O- 
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dows. filled side slots. flnKhed 
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owner. Wsmry. £14^90 Ol- 
349 *344 Bos. 01979 571* 
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PORSOKB11 Carrera CNirloki. 
1984 Oanrs Red. EMtunue 
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PORSCHE 944 AUTO. S3 model. 
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944 LUX AUTO. Guards Red. 

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- M 

test of character 

From Sidney Frfefcin. K a r ac hi . 

Great Britain's tenacity win 
be put to the test here this 
afternoon when they meet Paki- 
stan in the first match of the 
eighth Champions’ Trophy 
tournament. In temperatures 
approach mg90OF, the odds 
must favour the home side, 
although several games in this 
eight-day event will be played 
under floodlights. 

Britain have no injury, prob- 
lems — nor any stomach upsets 
— and. having beaten Pakistan 
3-2 in Kuwait earlier .this year, 
hold a psychological advantage 
over a side that recently lost a 
series to India. Pakistan's de- 
fence is in some disarray be- 
cause of the absence of Qasim 
Tig, their stalwart left-back, who 

thevrinners . for three years' in 
succession. ■ - - .t 
For one reason or another 
Australia have come here with- 

and King-, while, the Dutch u(Ul 
be missing their most resource- 
ful forward. Ronald Heyn.-wha 
is injured, and have brought in 
Patrick Faber from their Under 
21-side. i 

West Germany have, losr 
Volker Fried, who has Men 
injured: in a road accident; his 
place in midfieid has' been lakeii 
by^ Under-21 player, Dirk 
Brinkman n. India, meanwhile, 
have dropped Jaialuddut. their 
superb .outside- right ' ... ‘T 
• Last ■ evening at the pic- 

k>Hv tfe cMlaufooritv of being put toihepreparationslbr i 

Sr«SS- SSrS? tS thiseven? which is expettetf to 

a-ssflCETs ssssss 

should hold Britain m good 

5 fpgii A ream which pride the trophy snee 1980 and need a 
thnnaives on a Miuh con- morale booster before dte de - 

trolled defence, their main task fr™?rvi^<T4 tol?' 0 

will be to curb the London fiwn Qcwberf to 19, 

centreforward. Hassan Sardar. The situation is' eqtiafly cru- 
jUI six teams compering, jn rial for Briiam, silver Imedal 
-this quelling round-robra series wiimeKA»Berth 1 .«faQi>w9l' need 
will be seen in action today, to ftnish witlrin die foift three 
West Germany play India, with here to have a; chance- of being 
whom they drew 5-5 in the invited to Amsterdam next year 
previous Champions’ Trophy for tte ninth Oiaxnpions TTO- 
toumament in. Perth. Australia, phy tournament, a qualifier for 
last November. The Nether- the 1^8 Olympic Games in 
lands take on Australia, SeouL 

Intentions made clear 

Today and tomorrow in Ab- taken in Aberystwyth by Sarah 
eiystwyth the England Undo'- HOI. In spire of the disappoint- 
18s intend to vindicate i ng results, three players deserve 
themselves by retaining the title high praise for their efforts: W- 
m (he Home Countries school- Denise Pearson, at centre tor- 
girls tournament (Joyce .White- ward. Lorraine Hartley, at left 
bead writes). half, and Helen Toon, the 

- Last weekend, in an inter- sweeper, 
national tournament in Eind- 
hoven. they beat France 5-0 and The England team, under 

Scotland 3-0 but lost to West their pseudonym, the Albions. 
Germany 1-2, the Netherlands took part ro a semi-international 
1-5 and Wales 0-1 and failed to tournament in Bilthoven, the 
win a medal. Netherlands over ' Easter, lre- 

Un fortunately, Helen land beat the Albions 2-1 in the 
Thoraalley broke her collarbone final, having knocked Scotland 
in a collision with her own out of the semi-finals 5-4 on 
goalkeeper, and her place win be penalties after a goalless draw. 


Krystal end 
of MUM 

By Paul Harrison 

The long reign of Murray 
International Metals as 
Scotland’s leading team has 
ended. Tbe Royal Bank Scottish 
championship this season has 
gone to Team Krystal Kkar. 
who led the first division for 
most of the season as Volvo 
Trucks but have now changed 

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iPtasrrllcn* (mrfarpoKlneundpnKCMitgtl 

if I I II I ~T 1 ES 

• MIM had won the title forthe 
previous seven, seasons, an un- 
precedented run of success dur- 
ing which time more often than 
not they have also won tbe. 
Royal Bank Cup. 

Krystal {Gear were dear 
league winners, losing only one 
match all - season. Some of 
MIM's leading players, who 
have served them so well over 
the season, were no doubt 
beginning to feel the pace. Two 
of them. Kenny Barton, the 
setter and a former Scottish 
captain, and Ronnie Hamilton, 
the first Scot to gain 100 caps, 
were recently dropped from tbe 
Scottish squad to play England. 

MIM had only two players in 
that squad, Mackenzie arid 
Stewart Krystal Klear had 
three, McKenna, Syme and 
Thomas. The six new caps 
brought into the squad were 
drawn from five other clubs, 
including one from Team Scot- 
tish- Farm and two from 
BeUshill Cardinals, who axe 
establishing themselves as the 
teams most likely to rtian^iw . 
the two leaders. 

Tea m Scottish Farm (for- 
merly Airdnej have won 0 j e 
women s first division, by four 
points from Provincial Insar- 
ance (formerly Tel fond}. That 
was a re-run of last season, when 
Tram Scottish knocked Telford 
off the perch they had pre- 
viously occupied for four 
successive seasons. In Scotland, 
dearly, the old order has bran 


Adams has 

tin i 

hi s hands 

By Philip Nicksan ; 

A fast-minute decision by Neff 
Adams, the Olympic' silver 
medallist, to come -oat of tem- 
porary retirement to compete in 
the British Open on April 12 — 
“for tbe fun of it” — has brought 
him unexpectedly Eacc-to-face 
with Frank Wtenecke, ; of West 
Germany, the man who beat him 
In the final of the Olympic 
Games. ’ - ■ 

Last year it was Adams-who 
went to the West .German Open 
te seek revenge for his Los 
Angeles defeat — and he duly 
beat Wienecke in tbe finaL This 
time It is Wienecke who has 
come searching for revenge^ 
confident that, at the age of 23* 
he has the yocth and sufficient 
experience to beard the Bob in 
his own den. 

Wienecke is only- one .of m 
number of tough opp on e nt s Ad- 
ams, who only two months ago. 
announced a mne-moolh rest 
from competition in order to 
review his judo, is likely to face-- 

France has sent Jean-Mtekd 
Berthet, the No 2 fight middles 
weight, and Brett Barron, of the 
United States, wifi . also be 
taking part. This changes what 
was to have been a fairly fight- 
hearted passage for Adawc 27. 
tfaroi^r to a record ninth British 
Open tide in the 2 1st year of thtf 
premier British , domestic event. 

Instead, he wffl have a -real 
battle on his hands; one hi which 1 
no quarter wffl lie - given. 
Wienecke himself has been in- 
g6od form tins year, winning 
botii tire West German 'Open 
and tbe Paris mufti-sattens 
tournament. His form shows his 
competitive sharpness, while 
Adams has not fengbt since the 
European team championships 

Mersey pride - 

Liverpool and Birkenhead 
will contest an -all- Merseyside, 
final of handball's British Cup; 
on May 17 ai Birkenhead'S; 
Grange Rond court. .1" Ta 



29 _, 


By Michael Seely 

s&SSS 5 least's 

sggggsp: aS'36*S|ij 

■LftfMSl*? ?“ a .**wcr winning comSnatila^th- 

m 1 r ka ■ - 

■ " " * ' BVI xJCdu. na ngp r 

Whitbread Gold Label 
MP on good going-at Aintree 
>^day- Wayward Lad fin- 
ished strongly to be beaten 
<»*ly.a_ length and a half with 
■Very rromising a ramoie 

The departure of the Owj- 
tono*n <Joki Cup winner 
front the scenuwas as sudden 
?s it was surprising. *^Ste put 

m tnX huiaU’a'MhTj.' • _ *- _r« 

er. The. owners wanted to run 
in-' the handicap, mi Sa t u rd ay 
and, would you -believe it, 
Hywel wanted to go koid ride 
at Taunton instead.” • 

. “Beaii Ranger, was always 
going a good dip,” Davies 
said. “I first stepped up the 
pace in the bacL straight. I 
steadied it up pH tlw- find 
bend , but when I beaid 

ire facj 


«raped unhurt and was certainly (flsc a Jot of ' ram 
pas«d nt to nde Emo Forever before. . Saturday ■ for T*«« 
m the next race. -- Suspect" f. 

fcl BeauRangerj,- winner of the That stern 'critic, Monica 

^ ned y Construction Gold Dickinson,; was inclined to 
Cup at Cbeltenhain and also Maine her jockey. "I reckon 
of the Chesters Handicap on Brad should have got on with 
this track last season,-had. it and not bong about so 

Slick City Boy to 
give encore 
in Foxhunters 

... By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Bean Ranger dears the last on his way to a surprise success in the Whitbread Gold Label Chase (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

much. He’s a good jockey and 
he’s ridden some brilliant 
races for us. But I think he 
should have won- three more 
races on Wayward Lad this 
season.” Mrs Diddpson was 
not referring to die Gold Cup 
but to races at Chepstow, 

finished runner-up to West 
Tip, the Grand National 
favourite, at Newbury on soft 
ground last time out But here, 
bowling along on his favourite 
surface, John Thorne’s eight- 
year-old was soon settiiq> -his . 
rivals a blistering jpaOop. .»«.• •». <u ukjwuw, 
a. The moment oTtrirth-came -Haydock Park and, of course, 
v at the -third fence from home, yesterday. 

Beau Ranger hit the jump but 
lost no momentum as levies 
set sail' -for home. Graham 
Bradley, drove Wayward Lad 
for all be was worth but the 
Gold Cup runner-up’s stami- 
na came into play too fete to 
gain the day. ' 

•The jockey was - quick* io 
defend himself “I suppose I 
might have taken him - on 
earlier,” he said. "But Way- 
Ward Lad does nothing quick- 
ly and, the winner just had the 
legs Off Us early in the 
straight” WaywanT Lad* trill 

now be retired’ for the season 
bqt Dawn Run will be seen in 
action at Gowran .Park in 


Not only did supporters of 
West lip for the National 
receive encouragement from . 
Beau .Ranger’s victory, they, 
also had thfe «ti«fiifpnn of 
watching the : fa v ou rite’s jock- 
ey, Richard Dunwoody, gain 
ha ; first '.victory over the 
Natrortal fences on Glenrue in . 
tbe-Whi&raati Trophy Chase. 

After making every yard of 
the running, the 22-year-oJd 
Ulsterman first fought off the 
challenge- of Phil Tuck on 
Preben Fur- and then resisted 
the -dramatic late attacks' of 

Tim Thomson Jones on 
Bright Oasris to win by a neck. 
Fifteen of the 22 starters 
completed the course. 

"The ground is perfect,” 
Dunwoody said. "It may be a 
bit on the soft side of good, but 
it will be just right Tor West 
Tip. You’ve got to be encour- 
aged aft^r Bean Ranger, but 
maybe he was a bit flattered.” 

This was an all-Irish victory 
as Glenrue’s win was the first ' 
training success in this coun- 
try for Terry Casey. “I moved 
to Adstone near Towcester 
last November. Before that I 
was head lad to Paddy Mullins 
and then I trained on the 
Curragh for four seasons. I 

rode 46 winners as a jockey 
and trained 26 winners in 
Ireland. I had the fust past the 
post when Shrewd Operator 
won at Leicester in January 
but he he was subsequently 
disqualified as bis jockey 
wrongly claimed the appren- 
tice allowance.” 

Jenny Pitman is still pray- 
ing for rain for Corbiere. but 
the Laraboum trainer’s mag- 
nificent run of success contin- 
ued when she landed a 55-1 
double by winning the 
Whitbread Best Scotch 
Novices’ Hurdle with I Bin 
Zaidoon and the Whitbread 
Best Mild Chase with 

fearless punter, Terry 
Ramsden, who is also the 
proud proprietor of Mr 
SnugfiL In an exciting finish I 
Bin Zaidoon and Graham 
McCourt just got the better of 
the favourite. River Ceiriog, 
but Riva Rose, Mts Pitman’s 
other runner, was always 

"Although Riva Rose has 
won his last four races, I 
thought be might be struggling 
a bit on this sharp track,” Mrs 
Pitman said. "I Bin Zaidoon is 
a real pro and 1 knew he’d nip 
round the bends so I told Mr 
Ramsden that he might give 
everyone a shock. I hope he 
had a bit on him.” 

With 20 hopefuls 
their ground overnight, the 
R-E-A- Bott Foxhunters Chase, 
rim over » fall dradi of the 
Grand National coarse, looks 
like bring an exciting aperitif at 
Aintree today before the banquet 
proper tomorrow. — 

Twelve months ago this cov- 
eted prize was was by the 
experienced amateur. Tim 
Thomson Jones, riding CITY 
- BOY. Now I nap the same 
partnership to mnfan- Spartan 
Missile (John Thome) and 
Credit CaD (Joey Newton) and 

become only die third combina- 
tion to Win the race twice since 
the war. 

City Boy wanned np for the 
task fa tire test possible way 13 
days ago when be won the open 
race at the FftzwSBam Boat 
pefart-to-poini by (bar lengths in 
Che fastest rime of the day. So he 
will not tall for want of fitness. 

Earlier in the year, before the 
freeze, be bad shown that be was 
as good as ever by winning a 
hunter chase at Ludlow. On that 
occasion be had Rambling Back 
nearly nine lengths back in 

When be was successful 12 
months ago. City Boy also beat 
Peace Clash who was sub- 
sequently disqualified and 
placed fonrth. Now the hard core 
of the opposition comprises 
Eliogarty, who ran writ 
Border Borg at Ludlow recently, 
and Venture To Cognac, who 
disappointed in the Foxhunters 
at Cheltenham where he started 
a hot favourite. 

Thomson Jones also has a 
chance of wi nning the BBC 
Radio Merseyside Novices’ hur- 
dle on the recent Nottingham 
winner, Dryfehead, but I jnst 
prefer Pete r Scudamore's 
mount. Ki t tO, who ran weQ in 
the Sim Alliance Novices’ Hur- 
dle at Cheltenham. Before that 
be bad won over a distance only 
s&gbdy shorter than that of 
today's race at Huntingdon. 

Scudamore wBl also be hoping 

to win the valuable Glenlivet 
Hurdle on Solar Cloud, who 
gave him his first taste of 
success at the Cheltenham 
Festival recently when be won 
the Daily Express Triumph 
Hurdle from the fast-finishing 

On 41b better terms, the latter 
has a great chance on paper of 
getting his revenge. However, 1 
do not think that be jumps well 
enough yet to win a race of this 
catnre. His fallibility over hur- 
dles was the reason be got so far 
behind, not only at Cheltenham 
bat at Sandown before that, and 
now be has no final hiU to help 

So I am looking lo the Irish 
challenger, DARK RAVEN, io 
extend his unbeaten record. A 
stable companion of Son Of 
Ivor, who was beaten only.three- 
qnarters of a length and a short 
head by Solar _CknKj . and 
Brnnico at Cheltenham. Dark 
Raven may strip fresher than 
those who were involved in that 
hard struggle at Cheltenham, 

From Lambonrn, I can pass 
on encouragement for both Baby 
Sigh and Sterne from the stables 
of Nicky' Henderson and Stan 
MeUor.Thej- too are fit and 
fresh and lightly-raced. 

The Woodland Stud Chase 
looks a particularly hard race to 
anravel. On a line through 
Charcoal Wally, Music Be 
Magic has a favourite's chance 
of waling Peartyman, who did 
so well for a beginner to win a 
handicap as competitive as the 
Grand Annual at Cheltenham. 

At the same meeting, (hough. 
Music Be Magic ruined his 
impressive record over fences by 
falling in the A ride Trophy. On 
the prevailing ground. I wonder 
whether either of the top weights 
will manage the concession of 
101b to the Queen Mother's 
progressive New Zealand-bred 
eight-year-old, THE ARGO- 
NAUT. who seems to be going 
from strength to strength and 
will relish this ground. 


; : TafevteMfc'BBCl: 2J15, 3.10. BBC2: £45, 420u 

Going: good to soft (National come); g«Kt{hurdfr», MMmay) 

146 R E-A BOTT FOX HUNTERS CHASE (Amateurs: £6,721: 2m 8f) 
P*>| • 


R A FVMns P-12-0 . 

D McCato 12-T2-I 
Qtedson 13-124 

UnTJUmn 11-130. 

'102 CTfUl 

103 0-1 tl13 MUSK 
-105 npHIU COOL 

'in 442ff*-HU.rj 

. 109- 1F22F4 ME 

s . 110- OOflUl THE 

* 112 . 341402 - DOUBLETON (B) 

r.f sss w&sv&isssii s&t&g! 

P.Shtet* J ft Gdmnh 7-n-tU 
■fttooriG RSAml»7-11r13. 

[ptm teaag h* o-rpa — i. 

*03 PUS « CAHERTYLl Qedson) JL&ec 
.404 nun-1 CSTY BOTfC-CB (Mil J Mart 
- 405 *?n*tp EUOGARTY [Use C Beastoy) 

400 oooore JUST A GHOST (WuSFraoch) Mrs Jftso 

. GWragg 

- TReed 


S French) Mrs J French 10-12-0 Mm S French 

408 3221 UO KMOmUGEtirR Canter) H Champion 12-12-0: lira J 

41 0 0ai P n«.|j0NEJOUlBtm04rajdoc^MraJOo<air 14-12-0 JV 

411 141-MU PEACE CLASH UGraarnkW A SlBplwnmi 9420 J 

413 F4132P-. .POWTZRASS (B Munromsoi^ BMwiro-WOsM 

150 Music Be Ifoglc, 5-2 Pnariyman. M, 
□usp bromskra. 12-1 Hafts Mat.13-1 ***** 

;-me Argonaut, 7-1. rarer* Edge, 131 

11*120 8 

GrifttqEHOMR (nr 12-12-0 

P Amman 12-130 

CSporborjj 12-120 W 

rr.inB -m-toii j 

RAlhrtta 12-120 RHantt 

— ! 

made cir 

4QPI7) ••• ; .. a -. . 

202 ttfFei-IMtAKZ! 


2 m 4i Bftu run op 

208 TMH3PB 


an tm . 

212 302433 BAJMNOW 

213 sasora IMOQBI 
215 232U22 EVEHMQSOHQ 


219 433RT MOUNT ST 

220 00F0 

221 fTO ffP WATWAflD 
7-2 Princam tan, 4-1 _ 

Vn yvW . FI fir imuMo. 10 1 


421 *111/14 VENTUE T6 CfaMAC (hFf (N SbarMoexQ O Snianod 13120 P 

422 OFOOd/O^ VERAIENTE (Mrs T ArOHjf) Ur»T ArHur 11420 

423. ,..W ■AMnmnEjKSmiiwyxafjanr.igLn K 

32 VMure fa Cognac, 11-2 PoyKz Pass. 6-1 Oty Spy. 31 Paace Clash, 31 
. - - -- ■ Sdnar. RocamM. King Spruce, 


I Dm 

■UraS Davenport 

Baguty. la-iTtfraUnaBuck. 131 Gala Prtnce^Lona 

> W«i RAMBUNQ BUCK (11- 
JOOAKTY (11-7) 2nd bestar 
I loabft Mar 21. OALA PRMCE 

r 3m lain chaood to aoif Mar 20. 

itatTBI twi civ good lo 

■ Warrtck2ra4l 

. . >9ltoRugv(11- 

tamturotigpod to tkm MariaiUlCAMkT (tl-7) M baatansa «o 

r<122Jw*h Wl AGER (1 l - 7i s m t 3B«an-64tr10rm Plumpton 3m It soRMar 17. VBiTURETOCOdNAC (12<9 4thtMa*an-1BI to Attitude Ad- 

114 ifc. ChaHWhiBn 3n 2f Mafth good Mar 13. 

: TO COGNAC . ' 

■riwatindK L J5 ran. UaOow 3ni hui c*» 

i*’ to Border Bi»g (1 2-3) 13 ran. tuCtow 3m Oun chi 

I (1 1 -9 aid baatan 21 to Rugy (1 1 -ia 16 ran. TowcelH 
who sa nuuc f WHia ih m tW rwrttiTtT^TT^h: NquruMm 
Snn M^18±OME«0Lnpif11-12J 4«ibMttn.lflRo1biggrff2:1) 
tain draofrwc PERCE COSH law st MB 50vaat9arfl1-10|4ihl 
ftm Mar 1 0. ROCAABST ■ 


t C Rlchwd»7‘1Q-7:— .. _ . CMea 
r tPaRh 31 Mwanrt, 31 fedd Ot 
i Run. T2-1 Bannov Bum, 231 other*. 


Wi i l ii lu J , Writer p i 
novch good Jm 23. SCOTCH P 

t gr 3m oar ch goo d Mag- 
. Wotwhampton 2m^M 

tmawnSi to3aW(Tl^i2Tar- 

qfety RiH*(131 1) 2nd baatan 81 to WffWay Eyatp 0-^ 1_6r» 
soft Fete l.ptBMW iap »Hl Vliaid.bareenfaloCartPtn^OI 

good lo soft Mar u. 

Damn 3m llnwch 

13 ran. WoroesNr2m 
worvOt froqV DOnattfi 

. i(1311)3rd 

" - 16 iwt Slrattow an notch . 

02110 ran.Ungaaid3mch 

1-1) 3rd baWan 1 XI mHartowMB (liFiail raa 
(1 30) 2nd baateh dtat to Sa«t Mes- 

" *7:, i.-idreipooL selections . 

, ' -- • v'-'-V • : .By Mandarin- / * - 

2J) The Argonaut. 235 Maianzi. 3.10 Dark Raven. 3.45 CITY 

BOY (nap). 4J20-Bramon Part 4.50 Kitto. 

. .. . By Michael Sedy 

2J) Pcqriynan- 3.1ff Bninico: 3-45 VENTURE TO COGNAC 
(napV V .J ." ...... . . 

Brian Beefs sefectfon^ 3.45 City. Boy. . • 

Results from 


10 ( 8 ) 

502 IMHO OBSBNEtR E BoBftograore 90 LM)FWWw tMM„ 

503 VT12I4 jmUHTONPAWC (Mrs JSanmfl)Ma M Dicfcfcaan 3112 
506 211*10 aOLOEHFNBOpMD MrerMtovURkrefl 3106 _ 


3.10 GLENUYET HimDLE (4-Y-O: £19^75: 2») (18) 

907 S2FV00 WStXN 

509 2-122PP ARCTICI 

510 F1 1-004 QOLOBI 


‘VrtreJ Thoms 3130 



















31 BABY SIGH (R . 

112 BHOMCO [t« (T Ramsden) R 

- wra couMB. jMggragMta 
. m DAntRAVBt] 

mu HOME 

1309 am 



A McBweot D Mchoteon 1V4 PScadwrare 

NHanknontl-0 88arthEeriaa 

VO — TlSrowaa 

Mrs S direr 1W) JOuggre 

DVlWd (ire) 11-0- 

J McKacfriM S MMor 7-130 — Q 

511 OF-TSOft mOPMmAMMfjn^vCfaBWii) J A Edwaids 11-100 

512 2-F3411 8WQAIOHB SAM (ftU Abdrtrt F Wtoon 13100 

SoutJjJ Jsrtdnall 

fflehanW D Bwortli 1141 . 
(F LWJFH Lae 11-0 

‘ Van tarn LXJ) DMchouon • 


I 10 YALEtmfG 
■Ot HUNStETff 

WtUrs M tfo«l M H fasaarty 1141 


7-4 Bruaun PmK 3-1 Oba area. -4-1 Sngatong Sam. 31 Golden Friend, 
FORM: OBSBIVE(124Q Oh beaten 44M to Oawn Run pi-9) 11 ren. Chatantwn Geld 
Cup anvri chmod MM 13. BRUHTON PARK 01-7) 4th beam 71 to Chart* Party p3 
101 wilh GOU»l FRB4} (131 1) 9th, ISren . ChatMham 3m II h’capeh good Mar 13. 
OtkOEN KMXi.(to« baatan 11X1 to BaaymRan (1 1-Q 16ran. Nawtxsy3m2fh'cap eh 
good Mar 21. SMOalONG 8AM (100) won a tram Mbs Mayo (13t9 1 1 ran. Kelao 3m 
rrrap ch good Mar 19 l ■ 
ttalirtoar RRUMTOH PARK ■ 

(E$70fc 2nf 4f lYOyd) (20) 

601 42-2114 MA9TBI BOB EtWU}NHandaraaa 311-10 HBo*rt^C7) 

802 400121 WWfREAD (i Mott) ^artsyfrlt-a HrTTh aamm i coa a 


« 1 . 


34. Bnrifco, 7-2 SoMr Cfcocl. 31 Drak Raven, 31 SWrne, Baby Sigh, 12-1 
ItoMrio. Tttafa Your Lot MWtom Gap. 


. 809 . ,9110 .CROtt DE GUERRE (J Stiai«4M re J« TOb^5-1(F10. 

607 101309 CLEARLY 


609 3(1230 CWtAOtAH CTCj A Pe<a 
6U -WTUPH StaaBram)! 

(A ProaQ 0 

15. .... 

G^ t ac B un: BHUfoco ■* BOtARCLOUP' l aa fl i w a y) 

|6Bil*n 7-139 
) F H LM3T0-8. 

J.3 104. 

012 213102 RtNUS (AProos) 0 McCan 3lL 
m3 09212 STCOtlemrKI 
615 123028 ORANVUEM 
619. 33128 COTTAGE RL 

B 'JS'fSS 

619 300120 
621 311412 

TO* tMDESHtftPMBprt't .... 

824 -RM011 BUNOBUWI flJSl R Warden) MH Eastsrby 3132_ 

31 St CMma, 4-1 BOneL Bum. 32 PryWi sa d. 31 Master Bob. 7-1 Franthmans 
Fanqr. 31 KMtu, 131 Tarring. 131 Kaoesh. Gr«m«a Park. Croix da Guam, 

Lowe in form 
with double 

John Lowc mannaiurfhte 
good start to the scason witn » 
double.ral Hamilton Port yes- 
terday on FmccUo. and . Idle 

Lowe' tised foremg tactics on 
FonecQo in the Holytown 
Maiden Stakes, making all 
running to beat Bantd Budiy by 
IQ Tengflis. The. winber .nmo m' 
the colours of the Bnusn 
Thoroughbred .' Racing and 
Breeding Ud. •'*' 

Trevot Bishop, lacutt ] 
ager for the company, sax et^ve 
now liave IT horses, spnead 
among several trainers. Foreeiio 
will how run in the Spa Water 

Stakes at Ripon.” y 
Norton. the. 



Sieve — - — - i=>- 

ttainer. said: “He cost S55J 

as a 




in thc'win" 

^MfssS^hose stable is hr 

wwtt form - be ae ur on t^ 
Battery fo wuTtbe tioe m n wtui 
L owe in the saddle -wmriied tus 
Wk TinKS lake- Jead. -a 
out to land the 


Mi' “ 

. - vjiaasui* r . , - 

; - liome theyfirst ff'" 

• ,*• ,\ cheer on Christmas Holly m uw 
Auchinraith _ _Ajepre«*«*, 
... f - Hariditap. ^ ' , . . 

' Craggs, aged 19. showai dnl 

- HoHy 

Sal fourn-by-ihf-Sra- tr« nen' 

Mary ReueMy. ta;firgw?«f 
of the season. - - 

Taimton result^; 


{teahrlian. Dusty Ron. GHaWs Sapper pu, ta*8,Raaa{J Lowe, 31 1 3, 

Stormy KartraL Bnrid Wood 48L Lavair. •. uk t31J.AU50RAN:7-eFlrine 
16 ran. NR: Murad Mouse. 1XL7110 XL -131 Adhen, 20-1 Oeariam Bridge 
3L M C P^at WWBngon. Ta» 2i50^._»-1 BgrSa! Benri <m. Potonwre. 8 ran. 

t Uu fc WT 

250 - 
Eeri e . U -, 

ESfeSi- Hriiha, 32 tort, also raic 



CSP 22255J5.Tricastf20?6.7ahOti9lR 
ln.t,7tJ0'»» . v: 


Oamlcr a gl. IB-ft 




431 gtogtChLt. T« 


•C fc SO r-g 

29 :i r . 


Eamshaw, , n 


good to eoft, Nabonal 
HURDLE (25438: 2m> 

I BM ZAOOON b h by Damascus- 
Charaak fT Ramsden) % 11 0 G 
McCotar(14-1) 1 

River CaMon eti g by Broxted-Ouany 
Wood (R McAlpinef 5 11 8 S Sintm- 
Ecdes (6-5 lav) 2 

llonamre.e Benfcer b g by Cawston’s 
CtownSidoldS (Mas J Uoyd) 5 1 1 0 J 
J CNafl (131) 3 

ALSO RAN: 32 Rfwe Rose (68iL 17-2 
jasper. 131 The Ckwn (4tn). 131 ; 
Ruattne (5*1, 22. 

DoaninaiB.531 Tinamou. 631 Sidab. 103 
1 Eaaby Emblem, Hotkato (M), Kirtmger, 
Razor Sharp. Berman Lady (9th) 17 ran. 
UL1XL6L1KI, lOLMreJPwrraai at Upper 
Lamboura Tota' mc £36.00. Races: 
£7.90. £1-50. £3.10. OF: £2930. CSF: 

(E8J204: ten IQ 

BEAU RANGER ch g by Beau Chapeau - 
SraxtMaatei (WtWi Bret CM) 8TT5 H 
Davies (431) 1 

Wa yvra ad Lad Or n by Royal Htatwrev - 
LougbanmoreflArs^ SThevraa) 1111 13 
G Bradley (136) 2 

Very Pr oail te i y Or g by The Parson -No 
Hrtcf (Mrs J Maunoare) 8 11 9 P 
Scudamore (31) 3 

ALSO RAN: 311 tav Dawn fkn (teMst). 4 
ran 1141, test. J Thome ai Bi 
T Oto. £1420. DF. £10.40. CSF- 

CAP HURDLE (£5524: Si) 51 110yd) 
BWCOMAIM b a by Fauu - Iron (J 
Spooring) 7 109 GMcCorai (11-1) 1 

Ceric Time ch a by Ceric Cone ■ Old Briri 
(MrsR Danmra) 9 9 10C Cox (131) 2 

. ch g Dy Tree Song • 


(Mrs M Thome) 61038 Smrit-Ecdes (7^ 

ALSO RAN: 31 |t-tev SteTj Dance, & 
Chryeaor. 7-1 Cats Eyas (Sri). 31 Emo 
Forever. Souihernair (pu). 16-1 
Lochboisdale. Tugboat 231 Amarach. 
Coddte MO. 331 Some Machine. Highland 
GOW (6th). 14 rsa 6L a 1L Rk. GL J 
Spearingat Alcsster. Tore war £12.10 
PtaceK £3.10, £320. SZS0. DP: £99.10. 
CSF: £14727. TRICAST: £1.181 25. 

CHASE f£T 02522m GO 
GLBAUE ch a by Carnival Mgto • Naomie 
(H UcCtaBana)9 102 R Dunwoody (231) 

Bright Ossete bg by Laurence O - Brass 
penny (Lt Coi TPhrips) 10 10 4 I* T 
son Jonas (11-1) 2 
To Ma b g by Clara River . Joyfu 
(N Mtedaw)11 10 5 8 Powel (31) 3 

,ia.,3LJL. a^M Tof^tare 81 

.. To» £1.70: . 

: 22-4CLOR £328. CSF £646. 




- 34 tor 

_ 4dv7?2 Abate 13-2 Royal 
231 Grima5ffj, 331 Capvtstapu, 
Sack fail «h. 9 ran. Hft Rostra, a SLr*; 


CSft £42**TW»«: S42S23 . 


»(J C0W9, 131); 

SaMBa (S Whrnwth. 31). 

4-1 fav Bubo Boy (GBl). 31 

3t Ftomegsa Day. 31 Mary 

. Y«ow tar (WiL 14-1 P trtrff. 


Triesst £51055. 


• Derek Haydn Jones. «4 k> 
landed a double on the Flat at 

Hamilton Park 

3^ L CHRyTM« . holly (G Warwick on Tuesday, saddled 

4 vSv aakpim ®hj. 7-2 fflcfc Knight division^ the Pitmmsler Nov- 
,3T Kfaaicai wn. sfaan zamen jees Hurdle at Taunton yes- 

T1 « " i °°« r •» a Bm 
IBs G RevsteY at Saftbum-tw-c^Sss, riding swetss of the season for 

4SB3n3li»3te Ayr acceptors 

-RoornKU (0 Btedar.'frrit-ALSO fwtfc YRLL1AM HU. SCOTOW NAT10NM. 

.r^ - T20yd, Ayr, Apri 19): 73 Bnt 

aedapUK Run am S^p. Remand Man. 
Earta BritL Druntaman, Door LatctK fact 
Suspect. West Tip. BN The WSy, Utte 
Bay, Peaty seidy. W gnet ma n. ueter 
Donovan. Gafeten FrtraxL Broom# Bank, 
Haflo Dandy. Mr Another Oty, 

„ .. . .Wby-FbrgeL Tacroy. Tna-TWnkra. Abbey 

SmUramaa: PoteradiStend. Haniy fad. insure, port, 
Aakalg. Cr an tome, Lfttte Pofvetr, 
Macofcra r. BrarawVa. BaljrGa ring 
Drops O'Brandy. Northern Bay. 
fear, The Last Prince. Gembnoga 
Juftto, Unacnpiioue Judge. Leads. 
Preben Fur. Moreen Ceefla. Greervan# 1 
Park. BaahM Lad. Succeeded. Can 

132 -Grand 'catebcadon («^ 3l 

* Athletic 
-Golden | 

^ 131 Acktfs Bw (BttiL __ 

, Pretty Amdzmt. Bran. 10LBL 
3L 4L 9. S'Nbnm at High Hoyiwd. TbiE 

3Vtar Conerwr .. 
em, 31 GtfonbonafM^ 6nm..12L 8LSL 
5T i&L Meal Bat at Kmricfc. Tow SSlOO; 
£2.10, £250. DR £720l CSF *2355. 
Httwar was bought by Mr Datel Hodgson 
for 2 JM) gas. 

‘ 345 IS0 1 

KnriBLKiaBon SUnsbMi, Our Bara Boy. 
raw^eui— S " ” * 1 Ctafore.- Covom Garden. 

pat Bush _ 

. Mnuidv 


bfoe King. Next acceptance stage: icur- 

^ -4.15 {8Q-1, TMIAMG3(R Gochren*r5-4— day dedraadtma. . 

Thomson Jonas |ll-T 
rim To Ma b 


Preben Fur b g by Mon 
Besftng Baeray (W Peacock) 8 10 0 P 
TuA(3i iMnfi 

AISO RAft 31 JMev Maco6vra.(88D. 8-1 

Nidde Moppen. 3l Forana'sExpreae. 12- 
1 BngmDrMm.Lecioft23lCtonconwcfc. 
fRegff Pteaewa (fefl). 22-1 Satunton (5th). 

Big Brown Bear, Royal Mere. 33i 
Hi d Sane. 531 Onapromisa (puL 
Freddte Baa (lell). Medway Gauntet QU); 
Lunparea. Broncho's Cousn (feS). Cap- 
tam Partdri (lam. Brahms And Usa (bo) 
22 ran. r*. O. 1KL 1XL 2KL T Carey m 
Adsxxw. Tote Wflre £39.10-. Places: E5.70. 
£2.40, £12a £1.40. DF: £77450. CSR 
£19978. TRICAST: £1.72058. 

CHASE (£5533: 3m II) 

STEARSBY flr g by Poltiw - Lucky Spnte 
(T Ramsden )7 11 6G Bradtey (11-4 i 
IhaU^teha Dyer br g by Crash Course 

(Ednburgh woolan) 7 11 3 R Lamb (I3g 
Strands Of Gold b g by U Coq d^ 'Or - 
Sweet FrairjMTwine Marl) 7 11 6 M ^ 

'also RAN: 31 Cross Master (5ft)J3» 
Burannpotr. 12-1 FUdge □ 

1 ring ^(41h). 231 Unde ! 

“ ' Jet (pu). 1031 Condusara. 

^thJTlI ran. 1V4L3LG. 1ft II 
Mrs J Pitman at Upper Laraboum. Tote: 

£540. Places.- n a6. E 2 .ea eijo. df.- 

£4750. CSF: £3259. 

(04500: 2m 41) 

RFTY DOLLARS MORE b g to DMttRite - 
Shanestown (She#m A* Abu Knam- 
an) 11 118 S Sherwood (7-1) i 
Pelaa Laddie ch g by Afemy Lad - 
Polar Lass (R Gokfla) 13 10 0 B Storey 
(331) 2 

The County Stone bo by GuBauine Tel - 
hHe Cross (Mra A Taper) 8 10 2 K 
Mooney (31) 3 

ALSO RAN: 2-1 tav Hazy Simset (w), 4-1 
Karanomore fflth), 7-1 \fokx ot 
(M.-131 DirecS Line fWiJ. 231 
Casa (pid. Stray Shoqur) 9 ran. hd. 3L 12 
not racoteed-P winter* i 
iwn; £7.60- Pteeee £2.70, £423 £120. DF: 
£5353 CSF: £14590. - - ^ _ 

SL3T725 - 

Course specialists 


TRAIHBB: F VWwyn, 9 wiWWi 
nmnera. 332%; fl fechanls. 6 trora » 
182%; Mrs M Dickinson. 7 from 39. 
X7 9%; 

JOCKEYS: RSeggan. 3 wtenera trem 7 
•ndW. 429%; KMacrey. 2 tom 10. 
20.0%: D Browne. 2 tom 12. 157%- 


TRAWER& F Winter. 14 wrtterj tom 33 
runners. 437%: D Beworth. Ifl tom 61. 
31.7V J Jenkins 20 tom 98. 2549*. 
JOCKEYSr R Amoct 9 wamm ton 26 
new, 345V H Dawes, 27 tom m 
28.7V B Itowefl. 12 tom 80. 155%. 


TRA8SI& Mrs M Didortsort. 22 nmnera 
from 70 renmn. 31XV M H Eastsrtw..i9 
tom 71. 285V Denys Snteh. 28 tom 

JOCKEYSC PlmtotL 17wmnere from 110 
rides. 154V R Lamb. » tom 186. 
455V M Baines. 9 tom 135. 65V — ■ 


Going: good to soft 

If) (18) 

. 1 1893 POKE'S CASTLE KWDum 31 24) S ktecOraaid (7> 

2 33W MSSTER CAMERON (3D) TBVWM 3133 B jlj^t 

3 fl/IP MfOVMOUSEP J Hobbs 311-9. 

4 381 GBOALSEGThomra 4-11-8. 

40 WPP SUSPENDED SENTENCE J J Bndgar 311-5. G Moore 

42 4F03 WESTERN BORDER A J Wilson 1M1-6 JSnthem 

43 3P0P BALAS P E Honon 11-11-0 C Smith 

' 45 OF GAY TARQUM Mrs E ScoH 11-11-0 — 

47 000U LADY HAitSKAE P 0 Bariey 3114) HHantegton 

49 033F 1ULLA MLL8L G Kemard 7-11-0 D MustowfT] 

4-6 Peter Sunset 11-2 Pharaoh's Own. 31 Jubilee lights. 
131 FKzherberL 131 Rebnore. 131 Knatn Hawk, 131 others 

£461: 2m 11) (14) 

1 0010 HAPPVCA94JR Jenkins 11-3- 


reeks (7) 
A Watte 

5 0001 SEXTON ASH mJO Sldhan 311-6 


15 0 FAAWSBJCWley 311-4 ... 

17 0401 HASTY GARBLE FT Whiter 311-4 MrCBreoks 

19 3200 JACUZZI PDHayres 311-4 
23 3 FRMCaYHErifij Hotter 31 1-4 N 

28 OP GAMBUNGWAY S W May 31313 S Kay 

29 3004 LOBLOLLY Mn A Rnrti 31313 J White 

31 F PHYU.-TARQWHT Forster 31313 _ Ur L Harvey m 

34 90URARKJS Kim 31313 SMcNaM 

35 OP WOODLANDS AN&L DC Tucker 31313 C 

39 P0 SMB’S JESTER (B>P A Pritchard 4-1310 D 

40 033 L8rAST(B»JPBfTe831310 

• BOY WRWriwns 4-1310 R 

_ C Grey 


J White 

. . G Heaver pi 

3 0000 PARBIG ACE D R Tucker 1310 SErate(4) 

4 F400 FOREVER HO G B Baking 1310 A Chariton (7) 

5 00 JOHN STAR A R Datneon 1310 LGnffrfn 

7 MA8TBI JOHNY W G Turner 1310 BPew#B 

8 8308 TAF R G FteB 1 1310 CHopwMd(7) 

9 PP4 VIPER OPS WGTiarari3T0 Tracj Tumor (?) 

11 0PC0 WRBUN LAD (BMBH C C Tnetlne 1310 ... A Sharpe 

14 PP CEDARROOM Ms E Han 10-5 R MHtraan 

15 0000 EASTERN LAUGHTER |B) B Stevens 135 JHDevtea 

18 00 JBDORAJJ Bndgar 135 Mas C Moore (7) 

19FPB0 KH ATT1 HAWK ffi) C Jaraes 136 RAmotty(7) 

23 0 ROSE% DEAL Mrs A Tucker 135 — George Knight 

43 03 RAZZLE1 

. 7-2 Gen e ra B ee . -4- U Hasty Gamble. 31 Pimceiy 

Cameron. 131 Sexton Ash. PtiyO Taiquin, 
Handynaae. JncterM-voOMrat— — - — 

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9-4 Hen Cash. 7-2 Alcazaba. 32 Forever Mo. 31 Wrakoi 
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2.1 5 Master Cameron. 2.45 Deep And Even. 120 
Polar Sunset. 3.50 Happy Cash. 4.20 Midnight 
Song. 4-50 Marceflino. 



1 10P2 D£B>AND EVEN FTTMnter 3130 - MrCBreoks 

3 BEHMES BOY WC Seaman 5-11-4' B 

4 382 DESTROY (USAID Rewrath 7-11-4 R 

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15 323 ROYAL POTIOII DA Psamwn 11-136 

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21 3/00 OUVBI HARDY Mrs BWamg 11-10-0 — J Rotoon (7) 

23 002 THE HjOORUYER J H Baker 3130. MrLKervmr(7) 

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3 200 COME ON GRACE MC Pee 311-4 Rl 

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(£1.909: 3m If) (15) 

5 1-41 POLAR 8UNSE7T A Forster 311-1?' H Davies 

10 PP00 BARTON BOY KW Dram 311-5 SI 

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24 4F32 UR (BB B R Young 310-0 G Moore 

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Turn. Sot Shot 131 Just Bteke. 14-1 Punters Lad. Couny 
Pteyer. 131 otfwnL 


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1J55 HASWELLNOV1CE HURDLE (£548: 2m 4f) (17 
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4 0000 BLACKWELL BOY ®A James 311-0. 

8 0W DAW* TREASURER firtira 31 1-0. 


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5-2 Randomly, 31 Ardesee. 11-2 Praice B». 31 Mr Spot. 

7-1 Baaverboy. 3l Qam e wood. 131 others. 

44) HAMSTERLEY NOVICE CHASE (£1, 024: 2m 4f) 

4 -011 JCadJMKDI Mrs I 

■ 12PPPF MMfiERRobnson 311-1 Rfamshn 

13 -OOF L0CKAR BRIG J Helens 7-11-1 SCfcartrai 

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1.55 Edozicn. 2.30Gowan House. 3.0 Just Alick. 
3.30 Randomly. 4.0 Jonfeni. 4.30 Sea Bed. 5.0 


3 CS3F GOWAN HOUSE (BF) W A Stephenson 7-11-9 Rfante 

6 -OFF BEAU NVOL E Robson 7-1 1-j TGDiai 

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9 30U BRONZE APOLLO TBomre 311-1 H Bernes 

16 MONAS SAINT A KnoWl»131 1-1 SCtterttoe 

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28 4F W HDBTHSB TE J H JOBRSO0 131310 M Pepper 

29 -000 reRFKTBttGEWSI0rey313lO — 

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3,0 SHOTTON HANDICAP CHASE (£1932: 2m) (9) 

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28 ) 




























Europe’s most 
final becomes 

a possibility 

By Peter Bills 

Barcelona's curious collapse lightning off the mark. They 

say he is worth £ 1 million and 
they might be right. 

“GoteboTg stifle you and 
stop you playing. And they 
give nothing away at the 
tack." Harris believes Larssen 
is good enough to walk into 

in Goteborg, allied to 
Anderiecht's precarious first- 
leg advantage for the difficult 
journey to Bucharest, has 
raised the extraordinary possi- 
bility of a Swedish-Romanian 
meeting in next month's Euro- 
pean Cup finaL 

Goteborg against Steaua 
Bucharest in Seville on May 7 
would be a final to induce 
suicidal overtones in the 
minds of UEFA's treasurers. 
Yet one feels we should at last 
be grateful that European 
football is producing shocks 
on the field rather than on the 

Barcelona arrived home at 
five o'clock yesterday morn- 
ing, crestfallen over their 3-0 
first-leg defeat. Terry 
Venables's assistant manager. 
Allan Harris, was magnani- 
mous in his summing up: “We 
can offer excuses about miss- 
ing key players and playing on 
a disgrace of a pitch in 

"But I believe we have to 
hold up our hands and say we 
were beaten by a very good 
side. We couldn't watch them 
before the match because of 
the Swedish winter break. But 
contacts like Alex Ferguson 
(the Scotland manager) told us 
they were good.” 

Two men caught Harris's 
eye: the Goteborg forwards, 
Ekstrom and Nilsson. He said: 
"One is 6ft 3in. the other 6fi 
2in. They have light control, 
are strong and Ekstrom is like 

any English first division side. 

iveralL Goteborg have great 
technical ability and 
awareness,” he said- 
Venabfes himself comment- 
ed: “Goteborg are an excellent 
team, but we made it loo easy 
for them. We still have a 
chance in the return.” 

Barcelona's Schuster, nor- 
mally their inspiration, was 
anonymous; Archibald, ab- 
sent through injury, was 
missed and may not be fit for 
the second leg. But Gbteborg’s 
quality sbone through. “We 
won’t give up and if we score 
early in the second leg, Gole- 
borg will be put to a severe 
test,” Hams added. "Bui if 
they get past us, I believe they 
will be European champions.” 

That opinion was rein- 
forced by the disappointment 
of the other semi-final in 
Brussels. Even the Anderiecht 
coach. Arie Haan, pondered 
long and hard over his post- 
match Chablisand whispered; 
"It is miraculous we are in this 
position. We are in need of 
some new players.” 

Steaua played composed 
football for an hour, but 
squandered two excellent 
chances, which both fell to 

Hodge: A workaholic who knows where he belongs 

Hodge has the chance to 
have the last laugh 

The anfortimate injury to 
Neville Southall forces Everton 
to rely on their reserve goal- 
keeper, Bobby M Minus, in 
tomorrow's FA Cop scud-final 
at Villa Park. However, the 
presence of Martin Hodge, their 

Ryan faces severe 

former third-choice goalkeeper, 
Sheffield Wedaes- 

test of his ability 

Non-League football by Pan! Newman 

John Ryan, the new caretaker- ~six players were out of the 

manager of Maidstone United, 
feces a severe test of his abilities 
over the next month. The Kent 
dub, Gola League champions 
two seasons ago, are only four 
points dear of the relegation 
zone and have just six games 
left, fewer than any of the teams 
beneath them. 

Ryan, the club's first-team 
coach, has replaced Barry Fry. 
who was told by Jim Thompson, 
the chairman, after Monday's 4- 
2 defeat at home to Stafford 
Rangers that be was being 
relieved of his responsibilities 
for team aflairs. He was asked to 
stay as general manager, but has 
dedded to resign. 

Little has gone right this 
season for Fry. who joined 
Maidstone IS months ago from 
Barnet. His squad has been 
depleted by a succession of 
injuries and he can remember 
only one occasion — the 4-2 win 
at Telford United a month ago 
— when he had every player 
available for selection. 

Two-match ban 
for Robots 

first game of the season, seven 
were injured last Saturday and 
it's been like that almost every 
week in between,” Fry said. 
“I've fielded 50 players this 
season through sheer necessity. 
I'm never usually one to com- 
plain about luck, but 
everything's been against us.” 

Ryan, who was dismissed as 
manager of Cambridge United 
last year, began his career at 
Maidstone before going on to 
make more than 500 Football 
League appearances for eight 
different clubs. He has business 
interests in Maidstone and re- 
joined the club last year. 

With Dartford and Barrow 
looking dear favourites to go 
down, at least six dubs are 
trying to avoid the third relega- 
tion place. Nuneaton Borough, 
Dagenham and Wycombe 
Wanderers appear to have the 
most difficult fixtures, but both 
Maidstone and North wich Vic- 
toria. who meet tomorrow, are 
rapidly running out of games. 

Graham Roberts, the Totten- 
ham Hotspur defender, was 
yesterday given another two- 
match ban, his thirteenth 
suspension in the last five 
seasons. He will miss 
Tottenham's League game at 
Leicester tomorrow and next 
Saturday's visit to Luton. An FA 
disciplinary commission also 
fined him £100. 

Alan Devonshire, the West 
Ham midfield player, who has 
been suffering from a back 

Cloughs put 
England first 

strain and a thigh injury, hopes 

to return for West Ham 
United's next match, at home to 
Southampton on Tuesday. 

Brian Clough has agreed to 
release his son. NigeL for 
England's UEFA Under-21 
Championship semi-final first 
leg against Italy in Pisa next 
Wednesday, even though Not- 
tingham Forest have a first 
division match with Arsenal at 
Highbury the previous night. 
SQUM* D Sanaa (Bnnttglom Cityt P 
SueWoo (Coventry CM. *■ Ibomaa 
(Luton Town) and T Bras dear (Luton 
Town). I Buaanoortti (Not tin g ha m Forest). 
G i ta btoiit i (Tottenham Hotspur). A Hay 
(Manchester CUy), N Pfcfcerkn [Coventry 
City). G Stevens fTottHViam Hotspur), 0 
Parker (Hie Gtyi S Barker (Blackburn 
Rovers). N Cough (Nottingham Forest! P 
Mdeoot fBarfjT 
City). N Adams I 

i (Stoke). R Lee (Chariton 

between the 
day posts may prove an even 
greater threat to their ambitions 
of reaching Wembley fora third 
consecutive year than the ab- 
sence of their own No I. 

It would be ironic If Hodge 
proves to be an impassable 
barrier. For the last time 
Everton lost a semi-final, to 
West Ham in 1980, Hodge, then 
a highly promising 21-year-old 
with only a handful of first 
division games behind him, 
played in goaL An Everton 
supporter as a boy in Southport, 
he signed on a! Goodisoo after 
making an early mark at Plym- 
outh, in a move be described as 
“the highlight of my career, a 
little bey's dream come true.” 

After 25 league games and 
that Cup semi-final appearance, 
which passed by the yoangster 
in a blur, the reality proved less 
enchanting. A series of injnries 
set him back and after two chest 
operations he was in hospital 
having a third operation, this 
time on his kneecap, when 
Howard Kendall replaced Gor- 
don Lee as the Everton manager. 

By the time Hedge had reca- 
perated, Kendall had signed Jim 
Arnold and Neville Southall, 
“and I was No 3, so I could see 
my days were numbered”. 

There followed a series of 
loans to Preston. Oldham, 
Gillingham and Preston again, 
before finally, in Aagust 1983, 
Hodge was asked to go to 
Sheffield Wednesday, who had 
jast signed Ian Hesford, the 
England nnder-21 goalkeeper. 
Initially reluctant to go on loan 
yet again, Hodge succumbed to 
Howard WOkmson's persua- 
sion. It was bad news for 
Hesford. Given an immediate 
chance Hodge grabbed it with 
both hands. 

A month later his transfer was 
made permanent, since when he 
has been an ever-present, a 
mainstay of Wednesday's rise 
from the second division to tbeir 
cm i eat position among the lead- 
ing teams in the first. He 
harbours no grudges against 
Everton, saying modestly that 

SoathaU is "the best goalkeeper 
I've ever come across. I doubt if 
I'd have made the second team 
by now if 1 had stayed there. 90 
they did me a favour letting me 
go.” Bat those setbacks after his 
early success have sharpened 
his determination. 

"1 don't want to be scrapping 
and scraping at Preston or 
Oldham agam, with no dis- 
respect to those dubs,” be said. 
“And 1 wiO keep working to 
make sure I don't have to. In 
goalkeeping term s I'm still 
young, the sight of players like 
Jennings, Panes and Clemence 
is encouraging and I can think of 
nothing better than playing Brat 
division football at 35 for Shef- 
field Wednesday”. 

Hodge is quick to pay tribute 
to the help be has received from 
Wednesday's goalkeeper coach. 
Abut Hodgldnson, hot his own 
appetite for work and self- 
improvement is notable. 
Wednesday's hard training has 
provoked some mockery, hot 
Hodge thrives on it. 

to be true. 

sounds too good 
doesn't it?" 

Soch feelings are dispelled by 
Hodge's sharp, Merseyside ho- 
mo or. When Southall stripped 
off his jersey in the Charity 
Shield to reveal a t-shirt chim- 
ing "I love my wife”, Hodge saw 
Ms opportunity. After Everton’s 
visit to Hillsborough a few 
weeks later be followed suit to 
reveal his own t-shirt, which 
prodahned "I love Net’S wife 

An ambassador 
for the game 

“What coaid be nicer than 
going out for a ran in the 
beautiful Derbyshire 
countryside?” he asked. "It is 
hard work and it does hart. Pm 
no Seb Coe, 1 struggle along at 
the back, but get as much 
enjoyment oat of it as I do pain. 
I'm sure I've b e n e fi ted from it. 
People say goalkeepers don't 
need to ran, but I have got more 
spring bum my legs now becanse 
of the runs and the work op and 
down the Kop.” 

Wednesday are eqnally 
pleased with Hodge's contribo- 
tioa. "He has improved dramati- 
cally shoe be came here,” says 
Wilkinson, who recently ap- 
pointed Hodge captain. "And he 
goes on improving. He is a 
workaholic. The w*y be is going 
I can see him playing mte his 
hte thirties if be steers dear of 


"He is a model employee, 
conscientious and hard working. 
Off the field be sets a terrific 
example and is an ambassador 
for the game. He does a lot of 
work for charity and acts as our 
social secretary, organising the 
others to make hospital visits. It 

However, that humour, says 
Wilkinson "disappears fairly 
quickly if be makes a mistake or 
anyone messes him about”. But 
at 6ft 2iu and 13% stones, 
Hodge is rarely messed about, 
nor does he make many mis- 
takes. Aged 27. he has emerged 
as one of the domestic game's 
outstanding goalkeepers, with 

rn rniwHlBg pWMUfg. WfTPlIf t 

positional sense, and consid- 
erable agility. He is also brave to 
a fault, as be demonstrated in 
the fifth romid tie at Derby when 
he made a series of thrilling 
saves wh Be suffering from coo- 
cassioB after falling on his head 
on the frozen pitch. 

The blow's after effects left 
him feeling side and shaken for 
two wyeks, but be was back a 
his place three days later revel- 
ling in a physical encounter with 
Luton's raw-boned forward, 

In many countries Hodge 
would be an automatic choice for 
the national side. Unfortunately 
for him it is the one position in 
which Bobby Robson, the En- 
gland manager, is spoilt for 
choice, and Hodge says: "I think 
I would have got the call by now 
if 1 were going to get iL.” 

WHIanson sympathises with 
Robson's dilemma: "1 believe 
Peter SMUmi is tbe best English 
goalkeeper, hot I think there are 
four or five just behind Mm who 
are very difficult to separate. I 
would say that Martin is ooeof 

Others would go further, 
believing that Hodge is a 
sounder choice than both Bailey 
and Woods, the cement back-up 
goalkeepers in Robson's squad. 
If he thwarts Everttn’s eager 
forwards tomorrow; there wfii be 
more to support his claim. 

Peter Ball 


EUROPEAN CUft Smtf-flnab, Srrt_k»g; 

Anderiecht 1. Steaua Bucharest 0; 

boro 3. Barcelona. 

CUP WINNERS* CUP; SmnMtates. fiat 

toff AUatoco Matted 1. Bayer UenfeigerQ; 

Dynamo Kiev 3. Duida Prague 0; 

UEFA CUP: Sdo+MftftsttoeL 

4. Waragm 0; Mar-HOtan 3. Rml ! 


•mMtal; Hereford United 0, Swansea 

Cftyoiaet Hereford won 5-4 on perafees) 


CAPTTAL LEAGUE: Wycombe 3. GHfing- 
ham 1. 


FMST mvenCM: Not tt igh a n Forest 2, 

WWt H am unmet 1. 

SECOND nvtSfON: Bradford cay 3, 
FUham 1; Brighton 1, Oldham Athletic 1. 
TMRD DIVISION: Dsrfegtoti 2. Woher- 

ha mpton W anderers 1. 


SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Premier rftrttxe 

AvtestAry 1. RS Southampton 1: Corby l, 

Chelmsford 3. Midland division; 

Bridyxxih 1. WMngboraugh 1; Coventry 

Sporeng 1. Forest Own a Southern 

** woo: Cambridge cfcy Z Ructfp ft 

Corinthian B. Sheppey 1. 


CSITRAL LEAGUE: First fMsJon; Aston 

VUa 0, Manchester Crty ft Blackburn i, 

ErarWfi ft Newcastle f. West Bmmtkti 

AHori ft Second tfivtatotr Bohan 0. 

Wigan Atttstlc 2; Doncaster 2. Coventry ft 

LficxSesteougti 2, Scunthorpe 1; ~ 

1. Sunderland 3. 

I PRENEft DtVBStON: Cettfc 2. 

Dun dee 1 . 


AwOmornsns 1; Fakrk 2, Parte* TTistto 

vision: Avetay 1, 0 store Ct»3: Finchley 4, 

Laatherhead t; tilbury 2. 

1; Mame3, Whton 1. 


Lftytonstorre/llfort £ Second dMstan 
FtackweU Heath 2, Newtwy 3. 

Seei-fM, tain MscdesteM ft Hyde 

1 (aec score attar 90mn 

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Third division 

Giffingham v Rotherham (8.0) 

Fourth division 

Colchester v Chester 
Exeter v Rochdale 
Hafifax v Stockport 
Scunthorpe v Preston 
Southend v Torquay (7.45) 
Tranmere v Northampton 

Bnsiol Rovers (2J )): Luton v Swindon 


GOLR Laries London Foursomes (St 
Bochfora Hundred GQ: Central England 
Open Men's Foursomes (at WoodhaO 



UNITED STATES: Hrt o— I ftosodtd— 

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New Yorir Knicks 

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diminis hes 

By Kdth Macklin 

The throat of a breakaway by 
12 leading clubs has virtually 
disappeared. A special mi 

of the Rugby League G 
wee*, to n 

wifi meet next week to rubber- 
stamp a management commit- 
tee proposal awarding greater 
voting rights to first division 

The proposal which requires 
only a simple majority at next 
week's meeting, will give two 
votes to first division dubs and 
one to second division dubs. 

This was one of the main 
areas of contention with the 12 
who threatened to form a super 
league. The other concerns die 
distribution of sponsorship, 
television and otho* monies, 
and this will also be resolved 
through consultation with tbe 

Although Doncaster — who 
have debts of £150,000 — are 
due to go into liquidation at the 
end of this month, the idea 
behind die move is to Form a 
new company from what re- 
mains of the old, and to 
continue with second division 
rugby at Doncaster next season. 

Fulham have been saved from 
going into liquidation by a 
London-based consortium and 
wiU now complete all their 
second division fixtures for this 
season, starting with Sunday’s 
home game against Doncaster. 

• Warrington last night trans- 
fer listed their Great Britain 
scrum half Andy Gregory at 
£120,000 at his own request 

Gregory recently Tost his place 
to the teenager Paul Bishop. 

nam 12. St Ham 38. 


Scottish consistency a real 

threat to Cup favourites 


By David Hands. Rugby Corresponds! 

Even m the context of an 
amateur sport, a cevtahi glamour 
has attached Itself to Leicester 
and Bath, the tiro dobs who 
have dominated the English 
scene over the last seven years, 
both is terms of the John Player 
Special Cup and their masstve 
a mt rihatSotts So the national 

Their meeting in the Cqi 
semi-finals tomorro w has folrfy 
cast a shadow over the other 
game, obviously of equal 
caoce, between Wasps rod 
don Scottish. 

Wasps, too, bare bad them 
share of glory these last three 

years without quite 
their potential- Bat what 
Scottish? Unconsidered by 
many, largely neglected these 
days by their national select o rs , 
yet with a an atiwiir record in 
the Cbp over six seasons. 

Leicester bad a very nasty 
tiare beating them in 1981 before 
reaching their third successive 
final. Scottish were m the semi- 
finals two years later, were 
quarter-finalists in 1584 and 
here they are again, pushing for 
another annearaDce in the final 
ago with that of 1974 when they 
last to Coventry. 

What is remarkable Is that, 
since 1984, tbeir playing person- . 
od has changed drastically. Of 
the side who lost to Nottingham 
in the quarter-final two years 
ago, only two backs. Stuart 
Irvine and Andy Cashing, and 
two forwards, Jeremy Campbell- 
Laanertoa and Jerry Macklhi, 

remain, and Irvi ne has moved 
form faB back CO CBflre. 

Also playiux in that gamewns 
Atastair Mcflarg, now then- 
coach. “We are in the scau* 
Goals again becanse we have 
worked very hard and devel oped 
an excellent team spend, "hesmd 
this week. “The WSsons, the 
McHaigs, the Kggns - *0 
in ter na tionals — have Jong gone 
aod oer style is c ha nging . 

“When I took the job of coach 
I felt it would take about five 
years to change tbe style o f play 
we have bad for a long time. 
Over the period I have beenm 
the dab we have always bad 
j ^rtwnarioMN hi the side, play- 
ers who cooM tarn a game or 
influence it to a degree. 

"Now there are no stars and 
we have to work out how we are 
jrotng to win games, be more 
organized and more efficient, 
c om pe tin g with the regularly 
good teams, the Baths, Cov- 
entry^ Gloucester® and Ldcss- 
ters on a 15-man bams. A win 
over Glotacester in the quarter- 
final gave usa lot of satisfa cti o n , 
even though k was spoiled by 
cer tai n reports afterwards which 
suggested Gloucester were 

"We know we have cerium 
problems, certain wea knesses, 
and we are trying to overcome 
them, lay down oar assets and 
the most of them. The 
combination in the forwards is 
beginning to come together, 
wfakh gives the backs the 
to run from decent 


Gavin Hastings, the Wateomafts 
and Cambridge: Lnticrstty full 
hack, whose impact on 
Scotland's fortunes tWs season 

has bee* so great- He joined the 
ywkh after Christmas and 
McHarg recognizes Ms hnffri: 
"He is one of those gays who are 
a bit speaM. H« iaan excellent 
^B-mund footballer- His fin- 
parlance is not confuted to goal 
fcHiiw . though be has kicked 
some big goals for Scotland and 
nm» or two for ns.” 

In feet. Irvine remains the 
dub's primary goal kicker, 
tboogh the choice remains with 
Macklhi, tbe captain, on the 
day. And if Scottish come 
through against Wasps they »01 
suddenly be involved in a Hurry 
ef extra games, becanse they 
*omA (ogive AprB over to sevens. 

Yet they w3> need to maintain 
15 -a-side fitness if they are to 
appear at Twickenham In the 
final oa AprB 26. 

In that respect It is ^rth 
noting that Scottish play for 
fewer games than many dobs. 
They hare 30 scfaedoled fix- 
tures, several ef which were 
affected by die weather, so their 
record reads won 18. drawn one, 
lost six. This m itself most help 
the maintenance of consistent 
form and "31 sorely by the envy 
of those dHbs whose players free 
between 40 and 50 games a 
with additional repre- 
sentative «- charity calls thrown 
in. Quality, sot quantity, i$ what 

Schoolboys help 
lift the gloom 

Bath still 
have 1 

By Michael Stevenson 

Hackney, the right wing, tan in a 
memorable try. 


By Datid Hauls 

support of schools’ rugby union, 

Phillips Petroleum is to end McCall, a very talented bat 
their sponsorship after the cur- rather over-ambitions stand-off 
rent season, an undoubted blow half, kicked a penalty for Ireland 
to the Rugby Football Schools in each hatfand PUgrim kicked a 
Union. The feet that the Na- first-half penalty for Bngfend- 

tional Westminster Bank- is 
reviewing their sponsorship of 
Cbfts rugby also makes some- 
what daunting news. 

Away from the problems, 
however, Wednesday's meeting 
between the England and Ire- 
land 18 group at tbe Notting- 
ham Club, Beeston, was a warm 
and enjoyable 

Walsh si No 8 and the Irish 
Semple ami Goughian, 
tirelessly and construc- 
tively; for England, Burroughs, a 
magnificent flanker the 
diminutive WrignaU, who 
tacked superbly, were both 

The exigencies of 

and enjoyable occasion — were illusiraied by the successful 
England’s hades proving mark- Ennysted's Grammar School, 
edty superior in their 13-6 Having beaten Jersey Youth 30- 
victory. scoringa goal, a try and 0 they me due to play another 
a penalty to two penalties. match in the rfamoH Ufa mte 
England had wriggled out of But when that game was can- 
defeat last weekend gg»»nw celled another was arranged at 

against Soothamp- 
and they lost 20- 

EnglantTs other points with five 

penalties and it was be who split 
Ireland's defence with a power- 
ful early burst that made a try 
for Underwood, which the fell 
back converied.The next flush 
of inspiration followed immedi- 
ately after tbe interval when 

The Bishop of Hereford 
School needed three periods of 
extra time to defeat Gounden- 
Gourx. Coventry, in the semi- : 
final of the London Irish under- 
16 sevens, before losing in die 
final 10-12 to St Benedict's, 

Saracens surprise 

Dave Catch pole, who scored 
three tries for Saracens in their 
68-12 victory over Northern on 
Monday, has been dropped by 
tbe north London dub for 
tomorrow’s home game against 
London Irish. Alex Keay. the 
dub captain, returns to the back 
row in place of Caichpole after 
spending lest weekend with the 
Barbarians on their Easter tour 
of Wales. 

John Buckton. a centre, and 
Chris Roberts, a prop, also 
return in place of Mark Wil- 
liams and Chris Wright. But 
consolation for Catch pole, Wil- 
liams and Wright will come on 
Sunday when they line up for 
Saracens along with the res of 
the club’s second team in the 
Middlesex Cup final against 
Wasps at Southgate. San 

owe their first appearance in the 
final for five seasons to tbeir 
second team, who have repre- 
sented them in every round this 

Moseley make one change 

from foe side that gained their 
best winoffoe season in beating 
Uanefli 43-4 on Easter Monday 
for Saturday’s game ..with 
Gloucester at Tbe Reddings. 
The prop forward, Lfainett, who 
plays for England Under-23 
team against Spain at Twick- 
enham next week, is replaced by 

Their full back. Smith wfll 
miss G to acester ' a attempt to 
record tbe double over the 
Midlanders. Smith dislocated a 
shoulder during Gloucester's 
victory over Headingfoy on 
Monday and is unlikely to play: 
for a fortnight. Breeze, the wing, 
who scored Gloucester's two 
winning tries in January against 
Moseley, has a knee injury, 
while Mogg, tbeir centre, is 
recov eri ng from a dead leg. 

Cheltenham make three 
changes for their south west 
merit tabic game with Plym- 
outh. Threir No &, Smith, stand- 
off half. Keegan, and Garcia 
being called in. 

Bath have overcome recent 
fryury problems sufficiently to 
put a representative side out 
against Leicester in their John 
Player Special Cop semi-final at 
We I ford Road tomorrow, 
though they may be crossing 
their fingers that back injuries 
sustained by Egerton and 
Spurrell do not prove 

HalL the flanker, remains 
unavailable as he 1 has been since 
mid-February when he broke his 
thumb in the Calcutta Cup 
match- He is in fight training but 
has not played since then. Trick, 
who showed against Bristol % 
foe weekend that be has recov- 
ered his zest for the-game, is not 
available on the wing because of 
an ankle injury. 

There have also been doubts 
surrounding Qrilcott, England's 
loose bead prop, who has been 
playing with a bruised skull over 
foe last mondt However he, like 
the other recently injured play- 
ers. has - cmetged - unscathed 
from a fitness test and will be 
hoping to help Bath lo their 
fond successive final. 

■ Rosslyn Fork, one of tbe few 
London dubs to have a full 
April, introduce McBain. the 
Durham University and Dur- 
ham County flanker. . against 
Bridgend at Roehamptou to- 
morrow. The student has had a 
successful representative season 
in northern rugby and will hope 
to help Phric maintain theirgood 
record against Welsh cluhs fow- 
season, though Bridgend demol- 
ished a weakened Cardiff on 

Wednesday by 30-3. 

t lead the London 

Tbe Park 
Merit Table at foe moment and 
will be watching anxiously to see 
whether tbeir closest rivals can 
overtake them in the final weeks 
of the season. They are also 
girding their loins for a hectic 
sevens round. Gelding teams in 
three tournaments this Sunday. 

Bristol have dropped the for- 
mer England stand-off half Hor- 
ton from tbeir side to . (flay 
Harlequins at the Stoop Me- 
morial Ground. His place goes 
to Tainton and Bristol move 
Motley imo the centre in place 

WYNOKAirS 836 300B CC 379 

6566/379 6433. Ores 836 

3962. Eva Slaa. SatOAUJO. 

wed mats 3. 


A nratacal play toy ROBM RAY. 

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FWm FRJ 11 APRIL EXdustwe 
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TTi H 

s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Jane Henderson 
and Peter Davalle 


Nattonat edition. Alan 
THCnmafsti answers your 
% ga^ggquestionsonOI 

* £20 Roland RaPa Easter 
Extravaganza: the 


Jockanoiy (r). 10.30 Play 
School about boxes and 

iWm 1 ' 



(Ch3nnet4.8.l5pm)te not, as you 
flight imagine .about a 
medical woman, h needs only an 
exclamation made to make it 
an injunction because mis is a 
fikn about what aggrieved 
Americans are doing, through the 
courts, to make doctors pay 
tor acts of negiigsnce.Tho 
documentary is so up-to-date 
that it was stifl being put together 
yesterday. All I can teH you 
about it ts it purports to show 
that in the United States, 
there as many worried doctors 
as there are worried victims 

of their aHeged negligence. The 
same may wed be true of 
British doctors, but that is 
something we can only guess 
at from watching the companion 
piece to Sue the Doctor. THE 
WALL OF SILENCE (Channel 4. 
tOL3Qpm).The wall is made 


2415 They nid it with Music 
America's history toW 


even higher and ttucker thanks to 
nobody from the General 
Medical Council being prepared 
to say anything. However, the 
Well Being team have managed 

to come up with a consultant 
obstretheian, and what he has to 
say about the matter gives 
potential litigants some cause for 
pessimism, l should have 
liked to have heard what lawyers 
representing the victims had 
to say about the statement by 
one doctors' insurance 
spokesman to the effect that it is 
plaintiffs' solicitors who are 
often to blame for the fact that 
some compensation claims 
can take up to four years to 
settle. There is a dismal 
footnote to The Wall of Silence. 
With the abolition of the OLC. 

Radio 4 

the funds available to Action for 
the Viccms of Medical 
Negiigence.the David that has 
often taken on me Goiiam of 
the British medical profession, 
will oe considerably less from 

•Also recommended 
tonight: part one of WYNNE AND 
PEfJkOVSKY.(5BC 1.9.30pm) 
Andrew Ca.T's dramatization of 
Grevdie Wynn's .account of 
his spy's life. if ever proof was 
needed maun me world of 
espionage, truth is stranger than 
fiction, men here it is. :n 
triumphant good measure. My 
rad>o choice. me Royal 
Philharmonic playing 
Beethoven's seventh and the 
Piano Concerto No i.with Lupu 
(on Radio 3, at 7.30pm and 

Peter Davalle 

chance tc hear last 
ntgnt s edition of me arts 


Dow land (Come, heavy 
sieep: Pears and Bream), 
Britten (Nocturnal: Bream, 
guitari. and Gordon 
Crosse iQraamsongSi 
11.57 News 12.00 Closedown 
VHF only: 3.25 Mozart and 
Scnumann: Roman NoaeKviotm). 
Gorcon Back (piano). Mezen 
(Sonata in G major. K 301). 
Schumann Fantasy m C, Op 
131: 4.00 Choral Evensong: from 

131: 450 Choral evensong: tr 
Leeds Parish Church: 4.55 
News,, 5.00 Mainly tor Pleasure: 
with Fritz Spiegl 

( Radio 2 

BOO PM' News m 


Barias, In which the mums 
apparently want to pot 
their little treasures on the 

huiutonos boctai . 
CNmbers -but the 
husbands teck the social 
graces tor the 
Ambassador's Baft but a 
epel in charm school 
might do the trick. 

EL00 News with Nicholas 
Wttcheil and Andrew 
Harvey . Weather. 54 5 
Regional unoszliioi 

7JOO Wogan braves the 
eiemants and exhaust 
tomes in a pavement caff 
at Shepherds Bush Ms 
evening. Guests: Jimmy 

y r*H - Vr - 


of Dumfries 

end Andrew Rtdgefey talk 
of their passion for racing 
and there's musk: from 
Style CouncKT 

7.35 Pve Got a Secret quiz with 
Jan teeming, Derek .- 
Jameson, Anneka Rica 
and Baity Crysr, guest 
Lonnie Dooegan and 

8.10 The Cofoys Sable ;• 


accused of 
chadren In an 
accident, thrfller directed 
by Rene Clement •. 

1£2S Weather 

and leads to 
a hunt for 'atomic agents'. 

3J90 Mr and Mis Three married 
couples attempt to prove 

- their mtod-reaaing abfty 
or is it the unity or theft* 

■ views? 34KT Sons and 

4JD0 Rainbow (r).4h15 James 
the cat Cooking lessons. 

- 4£5 Emu's Pink Wlndndi 
Show Rod and Emu 
answer another oelebrity’s 

' knock at the door. 5.15 
Ccmeetionsths teenage 
quiz show. 

&4S News 

£00 TheSfat O^CIock Show 
Michael Aspel with Danny 
Baker. Andy Price and 

7J00 People do the Funniest 
TMngs Jeremy Beecfle - 
presents cflps of people 
and even dogs caught In 
unexpected postures by 
hidden cameras. Amongst 
the caught-out are Clla 
Black and Burt Reynolds. 

7.35 Murder Sw Wrote Angela 
Lansbury plays Jessica. 

- giving tortures to creative 
-- writing to female 

£30 Tlwfemy Boylastln 
' series of family comedy: 
.Motte Sugdwrptays Ida 
whose brother Witfred is 
homeiesB after storm 
damage arid Store's Eoheiy 
•MfesParfitL - 

£00 Auf Wiedefsahen.PetNo 
Sex Please, We're - 
Brickies; converstan work 

- on the manor proceeds 
and a lady 

. cafled ChattBrtey 
• arrives «>pareri% in 
search of a gardener. 

m00 News at Ten 

1030 The London P roBr nm me 
Death of a Hal's AngeL 
Previously banned ecBtion 
about fha HatTs Angel who 
died after a fight with 
poficetaat summer, 
adapted to take account of 
new evidence and the 
inquest verdfct Includes 
two reconstructions, using 

11.00 South of Watford Jim 

Whiting makes the moving 
pats for prize-winning . 
pop videos 8nd Stings ■ 
latest film about Dr 

1130 Shoot Port B year old 
Rob McKenna from Wales 
meets Steve Sanders from 

5L2S News (subtitles) weather 
£30 FBncCaRoftheWBd 
(1 972) Chtetton Heston 
stars with an Alsatian. 
Buck, in adaptation off 
Jack London's 
Yukon gold rush, wolves 
and dogs. 

7.10 Speak Dot Inter na tio nal 

conducted by Zoya 
Zarubina to Moscow and 
Mika Smith to London (r). 

7.30 Biony Jermaine Jackson 
brought up with his four 
brothers to the Jackson 
Five group, but now going 
solo, tafict of the influance 
of Marvin Gaya, Ms naw 
interest In flkiHnakbig and 
going on the Jacksons’ 
Victory tour. 

LOO Moment of Truth Ewen 
RUdfck. stocking for an 
honours degree, mat 
catastrophe on hofiday in 
Portugal and landed up in 
.. Stoke MandavOe Hospital; 
fourth to the aeries of 
coufHQBOus stories. 

£30 GHrdm?Wteid Geoff 
Hamfiton and Clay Jones 
visit David Smafi’s 
specialist heather nursery; 
in unsuitable day in East 
peat beds for caHunas and 

12430 HawaS Fhm-0 Adventures 
with pofice chief Stave 
MoGarratt(ri - 
120 Night Thoughts 

£00 Sporting Chance 
Newsreader Trevor 
McDonald takes edvfoe 
from Virginia Wade to 
. improve nis tennis, - - 
Anneka Rice goes caving 
and Stan Boardman goes 
scuba diving. 

£30 One Man and Ms Dog 
Scotland represented by 
Bobby Henderson and 
Craig v. England 
represented by English 
National Champion Alan 
Bitot and Moss, in the 
International Sheepdog 


10.10 Did you See _? Ludovic 
- Jonathan MSer's 
television production of 
Cosi fan tutte. The Secret 
Diaries of the FBm Censor 
(Channel 4) and Ann and 
Debbie (Granada). 

1055 Newsnight including a 

report from Mark Austin at 
the Fourth Test to 
Trinidad. 1146 Weather 

1150 Fton: Globe Theatre: 

Wghtof Asylum (1978) - a 
satirical Spanish movie on 
the impermanence of 
governments. Ricardo, top 
dvH servant, is forced into 
exfe when Ms government 
fans; but which asylum 
should ha choose? 

1250 Closedown 

Tony Randan, Jason 
Robards, Flip WHson, Jaan 
Staptetm and Bernadette 

£20 Fair Today Woody 
Woodpecker cartoon. 

4JD Countdown Today the first 
semi-finaJ with Gtes 
Brendreth adSudcattoa and 
of course Richard Wrateiey 

550 Car 54, Where are You? 
comedy about two cops in 
New York, one of whom, 
Toody. is an afieged 

550 The Tube the 100th 

edition, last of the current 
series. Live music from 
Stouxaieand the 
Banshees. Ronnie James 
Duo and the Waterboys 
presented by Joois 
Holland and Pauia Yates. 

750 Cfumnai4 News Peter 
Sissons presents the 
newly extended Friday 
evening programme; 50 
minutes of news to include 
a special report of a 
topical issue and an arts 
Item, followed by the 

750 Book Choice new series 
intended to appeal more 
widely than newspaper 
literary reviews - tonight 
Wiffiam Boyd talks about a 
recently published book: 
James Baldwin's The 
Evidence of Things Not 
Seen. Editor Miriam 

650 What the Papers Say 

Freelance Journalist Pater 
Mackay reviews the 
week's papers, 

£15 Wefl Being: Sue the 
Doctor. Frst of two 
documentaries tonight on 
health examines the 
Ottoous business of health 
to America. But does the 
fear of being sued improve 
medical treatment? 


950 The Cosby Show Comedy 
with a medical 
background: obstetrician 
Cliff (§» Cosby) and his 
family plan a 4fnh weddtog 
anniversary for Grandma 
- and Grandpa 

£30 Gardeners' Calendar 

Hannah Gordon and the 
RHS team from Wistey 
advise on grafting apple 
trees, traditional cottage 
gardens and keeping a 
hlppoastrum tiU next year. 
(Oracle) (r) 

1000 Cheers The Bar StooSa 
The father who deserted 
Cfiff at the age of nine 
announces his intention of 
visiting; the return works 
out unexpectedy well until 
Cfiff discovers hfe father's 
secret fife (Oracle) 0) 

1050 Wafl Being Second health 
programme tonight on 
medical negligence in the 
UK, contrasts attitudes 
and practices with those it 
A merica (Oracle) 

rf'- 'w L i 




550 PM: News magazine. 

5-50 Shipping Forecast 
U5 Weather 

£00 News; Financial Report 
£30 Going Baces. Ckve 
Jaccos and tss team 
monitor The world o' travel 
and transport, includes a 
road test of me Honda two- 
are Prelude 
7.00 News 
7 jD 5 The Archers 
7.20 Pick of trw Week. Ian 
Skidmore presents rus 
selection ot extracts from 
BBC radio progrmmes 
over the past week 
£20 Stop Press. Geoffrey 
Goodman examines 
wnat has been in tne 
newspapers trvs week 
£45 Any Questions’ Marcus 
Fox. MP. Austin MncheU. 
MP. Roland Long and Claire 
Brooks tackle issues 
raised by an audience m 
Wake held. Yoricshre 
950 Latter from America by 
Alistair Cooke 

£45 Kaleidoscope, includes 
comment on Mepntsto at 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: A 
Perfect Spy' written and 
read by John le Carre (15). 
1059 weather 

1050 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1150 Week EndtogiSatirical 
review, (s) 

1250 News: Weather. 

VHF (available in England and S 

Wales only) as above except 555- 

650am Weather: Travel. 3.05- 

1050 Cat's Whiskers: plays. 

songs fuzzes (s|. 1.55- 2.00pm 

255 Walton: the PraJharmoma 

On medium wave. For VHF 
stereo, see end of Radio 1 . 

News on the hour (except 
9.00pm). Headlines 550em. 650. 
7.30. and 650. Cricker Fourth 

Test, west mebes v England. 

I. 05pm. 252. £02. 4.02. 5.05, 

£02. £45 (mt only). 7.02, £02, 

4.00am Colin Berry (s) £00 Ray 
Moore IS) £05 Kan Bruce (s) 1050 
Jimmy Young plus legal 
problems answered by Andrew 
Phillips (s) 1.05pm Vince Hill is) 
250 Gloria Hurmrtord rnd Racing 
From Liverpool: 3.10 £20500 
Tne Gleniivet Hurdle (s) 350 Music 
All The Way (S) 4XK) Paul Jones 
(S) 650 John Dunn (s) B.00 Friday 
Nigm is Music Night (s) £15 
The Orcamst Entertains introduced 
by Nsgei Ogden (s> 955 Sports 
Desk 10.00 Castle's Comer with 
Roy Castle 1050 Marilyn Hall- 
Sm/th with the Langnam Orchestra 

II. 00 Stuart Hail {stereo iron 
midnignt) 1.00am Bhi Pennells 
presents Nigntnde fS) 3.00-450 
A Lrttte Nigm Music (SI. 

Radio 1 

550-555 PM (continued). 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. For VHF stereo 
variations, see end of Radio 3 


£55 Weather. 750 News 
755 Morning Concert: 

Bar^amm (Cottilon suite). 
Chopin (Andante spianato 
and Grand Polonaise 
(Vasary; piano). Haydn 
(Symphony No 100). 850 

855 Morning Concert (contd): 
Wassenaer (Concerto 
armorico No 1), Ferguson 
(Four short pieaoes: 

King .clarinet, and 


355 Cricket Second day of 
the Fourth Test in 
Trinidad. Continues on 
medium wave until 555 

650 Guitar Music: Laszlo 
Szendrey-Karper plays 
works by Johann Kaspar 
Mertz including 
Hungarian recruiting dances. 
Opi. and Fantasia 
Hongroise. Op 65 

7.00 Honegger: Quatuords 
Geneve play the String 
Quartet. 1916-1917 

750 Royal PhiBiatmonie . 
under Antal Dorati. With 
Raou Lupu (piano). Part one. 
Beethoven (Piano 
Concerto Nol. and Leonora 
No 3 overture) 

£30 In Place of Strife: talk by 
Sir Alec Caimcross. 
former Head of the 
Government Economic 

£50 Concert part two. 

Beethoven Symphony 
No 7) 

955 Songs by Finzi, Gounod 
and Strauss: MaUwyn 
Davies (tenor), lam 

6.00am Adrian John 750 Mike 
Read 950 Simon Bates 1250pm 
Newsbeat (Frank Pertricjge) 

12.45 Gary Davies 350 Paul Jordan 
550 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 555 Bruno Brookes 750 
Andy PeeWes 1 0.00- 1250 The 
Friday Rock Show with Tommy 
Vance (s). VHF Radios 18 2: 


£00 Newsoes* M0 MenOan 7.00 Nows 
759 Twamy-Four Hours 750 Jazz from 
Europe 7.45 Mercham Nfivy Programme 
850 News 858 Reflections 8.15 Engbsn 
Song 850 Music Now 950 News 959 
Review of tne Bmsti Press 9.15 The 
Wond Today 950 Financial News £40 
Look Anew 945 Brewtaat st Tiffany s 
1050 News 1051 The Classic A&um& 
10.16 Merchant Navy Programme 11.00 
News 1159 News About Emtam 11.15 hi 
me Meenune 1156 a lmw from Nonfl- 
em Ireland 1150 Merman 1250 Radio 
Newsreel 12.15 Jazz tor tne Asking 1255 
Sports Roundup 150 News 159 Twemy- 
Fbur Hours 150 John Peel 200 News 
201 Outlook 245 Letterbox 200 Radio 
Newsreel 3.1 S The Star Wars History 4.00 
News 4.09 Commentary 215 Sosnee m 
Action 245 The World Today 245 Sports 
Roimdup 7.45 ADOtit Britain 950 News 
859 Twemy-Four Hours 230 Science m 
Action 950 News 951 Grand National 
Preview 9.1 5 Music Now 825 Tha hbbi of 
the Day 1050 News 1059 The Wond 
Today 1055 A Letter from Northern 
Ireland 1050 Financial News 1040 Re- 
flections 1045 Spans Roundup 11.00 
News 1159 Commentary 11.15 From me 
weeklies 1150 Muse o* Richard Rodney 
Bennett 1200 News 1259 News About 
Bntam 1215 Radio Newsreel 1230 About 
Britain 1245 Recording of the Week 1.00 
News 151 Outlook 150 The Classic 
Altiuns 1-45 Lettaroox 200 News 259 
Rewewof me Brmsn Press 215 Netwone 
UK 250 People end Politics 200 News 
359 News About Bntam 215 The Wond 
Today 245 Fmeneal News 455 Reflec- 
tions 550 News 559 Twenty-Four Hows 
550 AD0U1 Bntam 245 The World Toaay. 
Alums in OMT, 

FREOUBICIES: Radio 1rl053kHz/285m;1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m; Redo 3: 1215kHz/247nr VHF -90- 
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1458kHz /206m: VHF 943; World Sendee MF 648kHz/463m. ' 


1130 FtomMentedmyHawfc 

(1984) theatrical and 
styHsb drama set to the 
Twenties in Turkey 
created by Peter Ustinov 
who stars as a despotic 
landowner, with Michael 
Bphick and Dennis QuJBay 
as brigands and Hefbert 
Lom as neighbouring 
landowner. Comments on 
love, illusion and honour. 


SpecW 3JMM50 Country Practice 
215245 Btoekbustsra £0D Channel Rm 

Market 750-050 Fall Guy 1050 Pairu 
Distant Scream 1200 That's Hoily- 
wood 1290am Closedown. 

GRANADA AsLondonex- 

caat 955am Europo- 
en Folk TetoS 955 FtiBbifl KL5 1050 
Stniggtt Beneath me Sea 1055-1055 
Bees: Backyard Science 1250pm- 
150 Survival 150 Granada Reports 150 
Film: Sink or Swim 215 Spiders 225 
Granada Reports 230-200 Young Doc- 
tors 650 Granada Reports 550 
Mouthtrap 750 Atxm Mamet 750-850 T 
J Hooker 1050 This England 11.00 V 
1286 Lure at WHeoskl's 1 5Q Closedown. 
S4C 150pm For A Yellow jersey 
22= 150 Family Ties 200 Stort Stirl 
215 Interval 220 Film- Arson o Lupin* 

450 Y Corachod 550 Mnus Pomupur 
550 The Tube 750 NewydUran Sann 
750 Ponot Y Cwm 200 Ma' Itan Ma' B5S 
Fei Na Mao' 950 Palu Mlaan 955 
Murrow 11.40 DowrvHoma 1240am 

Ill RTF B As London except: 
HFAlSsB 225am Sesame Street 
1055-1055 Carroon 150pm Lunch- 
time 150-200 rati- Lames Who Do 6.00 
Good Evening Ulster 650 Sporrscast 
240 Advce with Anne Ha4ss 750 AlMon 
Mamet 750-230 Knmm Rider 1050 
Witness 1055 Hoiei 1150 Barney Miter 
1155 Show Express 1220am 

TYNE TEES As London e*- 

I TPI6 I CEO mpr tJtSmmNtws 
950-1150 Twice Round tne Da flo- 
ors’ 1-20pm News 150 Fltn- Tiger in me 
Smoke* 215-350 Cartoon 650 
Northern Lite 650 Cwbd Camera 750 
ABmn Mamet 750-230 FaU Guy 
1052 Extra Tune 11.00 Film: Blue Blood 
1240am Three s Company. 



















' in 
















































































nm SOMC nammuMEs. 

Box Oflk-r nprm Wan “him <5*>n 
nay Tel CSC BL-yi onlv 1 lam rpen# 

More misery Aintree greets its first winner 

in a savage 
winter’s tale 

Put into bat on a pitch that 
was coarse and green. England 
were soon in trouble again 
when the fourth Test match, 
sponsored by Cable and Wire- 
less. began here yesterday. 
Gooch. Gower and 'Robinson 
were all out cheaply as the 
. West Indian fast bowling ma- 
chine ground remorselessly 
on. At lunch England were 61 
for three. Smith having sur- 
vived only at the expense of a 
crack on the hand from Patter- 
son that needed the pain- 
killing spray. 

It was a wretched pitch for 
England to be trapped on. 
prepared unashamedly, or so 
it seemed, for the benefit of 
the home attack. By today it 
will be a different colour. I am 
sure, having had yesterday's 
sun on it. but it certainly put a 
premium on winning the toss. 

One look at the pitch would 
have been enough to decide 
England to leave out a spin- 
ner. To have bad the chance of 
bowling first on this, with only 
Thomas and a potentially 
wayward Botham to take ad- 

vantage of it. would have been 
wanton. So Edmonds was left 
out. Emburey being preferred - 
to him for having taken five 
wickets in an innings in both 
his previous Test matches 
here. There was only a sprin- 
kling of spectators to see 
Marshall land five of his first 
nine balls in his own half of 
the pitch, a fight which must 
have so disconcerted Robin- 
son that when he was caught at 
third slip off his fourth ball he 
was shaping only the most 
tentative of strokes. 

Having made it clear from 
the start that no prisoners 
would be taken. Marshall soon 
hit Gower a nasty blow on his 
right, or front, forearm. Sever- 
al times, too. Gower had to 
duck or sway or go to ground 
in the face of bouncers from 
Marshall, and if was against 
Marshall, when he was seven, 
that Gower survived a low 
return catch. Bui it was Gar- 
ner who got him. very well 
caught by Dujon high to his 
left off a ball that flew from 
somewhere near a good 

length. To help him face the 
fire at No.4, Smith had only 
three innings behind him in 
the last month and a top score 
for the tour of 43. 

Gooch had been in for 75 
minutes and looked at least to 
be holding his own when he, 
too, was caught at slip, offer- 
ing a limp bat to a ball of no 
particular merit. The catch 


BIGLAND: RiW tantogs 

G A Gooch C MchanJs b Owner 14 

RTRoMsonc Mantel b Gamer — 0 

*0 | Gownr c Qajon by Gamer 10 

0 M SmMhnotout 15 

A J Lena not out — — 11 

Extras 11 

Total (3 adits) 81 

P WiHey, I T aotten. IP R Doomlon, J E 
Eraburay, N A Foster and J G Themes to 

FALL OF WICKETS: H, 2-29, 3-31. 
WEST INDIES: C G Graenhfge, D L 
Haynes, R B Rkterdooo, H A Games, *1 V 
A Richards, tPJDJw.M D Mantel. R A 
Harper. M A Holding, J Gamer, B P 
P at ters o n. 

Gamer, B P 

Manager jumps to 
Botham’s defence 

Ian Botham yesterday de- 
nied that he and his manager. 
Tim Hudson, are to split, after 
new drug-taking allegations 
against the England player. 

It had been thought that 
Hudson was to fly from Miami 
and meet Botham in the West 
Indies to discuss a newspaper 
report that alleged the manag- 
er had said: “I'm aware that 
Ian smokes dope, bnt doesn't 

But Botham said yesterday 
shortly before the start of the 
fourth Test match in Trinidad: 
“Inn had a change of plan and 
flew back to London. But it 
was oof because there was any 
great row between us. And he 
is still my agent." 

Hudson yesterday denied 
saying that Botham uses 
drugs. His comments, in a 

statement issued by his Lon- 
don solicitors, follow an article 
in The Star on W ednesday, in 
which the quotes appeared. 

Hudson said :“At no time 
did I say that Ian uses drags. I 
never said that I was aware he 
smoked dope. 1 expressly stat- 
ed that Ian does not have a 
drags problem and that it was 
an absurd suggestion.” 

The statement adds: “The 
Star also attributes to me a 
statement that Ian will qnit 
three-day cricket in the com- 
ing season. I did not make 
such a statement nor is it true. 
I emphasized my view that Ian 
still has a long cricketing 
career before him. As Ian's 
manager and friend I deplore 
all the attacks he has had to 
suffer recently at the hands of 
the press.” 


was taken low down at first 
slip by Richards, giving Gar- 
ner figures of three for 17 in 
seven overs. When, a couple 
of overs later. Holding re- 
placed Garner, he produced a 
lifting leg-cutter that no-one in 
the world could have played. 
Lamb missed it by inches. 

Despite his lack of batting 
and shortage of runs. Smith 
went off at lunch having 
played better than anyone. His 
height was a help to him in 
getting on top of the rising 
ball, and twice when Patterson 
pitched the ball up Smith hit 
him for four, to square leg and 
then straight It was Patterson, 
though, who struck him as he 
dropped his wrists to one that 
reared In the two hours of the 
morning West Indies bowled 
22 overs and of England's 61 
runs ten came from no- balls. 

Cricket tour 

David Baiistow win lead a 
party of 14 Yorkshire county 
cricketers, inducting Geoffrey 
Boycott, on a tour of Jersey and 
Guernsey from April 1 1 to 18. 





In the space «T t few days 
the Bulgarian donate has 
jumped from winter into son- 
xan:. Springtime is Sofia was 
left behind as (he ttennometer 

soared from freezing to 20OC 
and. <m the neighbouring 
slopes of Vitoria mountain, m 
the last of the season's Alpis© 
events here, the Afeko 
they have inevitably been ski- 
hu oa that ice. 

Sofia. Kfre Birmingham, has 
s omethi ng mvafoafelt to offer 



I Bin Zaidoon (right) jumps the last hurdle upsides River Ceiriog, the runner-up, before going on to win at Liverpool for his 

trainer, Mrs Jenny Pitman, and jockey, Graham McCourt, yesterday (photograph: 2an Stewart). Report, page 29, 



Oosterhuis loses grip 

From Mitchell Platts, Greensboro, North Carolina 
Andy Bean compiled a 68 to 8th. He said;" A 68 is a good which can ruin a whole round, 
ke the early lead in the first score at any time on this However. I might come over 

take the early lead in the first 
round of the Greater Greens- 
boro Open on the Forest Oaks 
course here yesterday. But 
Peter Oosterhuis. who was 
making a strong challenge 
with three holes to play, 
dropped 3 shot at the I6tb 
then took five at the short 1 7th 
to finish with a 73. 

Bean, who won the title in 
1984, was later joined in the 
lead by Jim Simons. He had 
four birdies in his 68, which 
included a 45-foot putt at the 

course and four of them would 
certainly win the 
championship.” Craig Stadler. 
Howard Twiity and the South 
African. David Frost, all had 
rounds of 69. 

After the disappointment of 
his closing shots Oosterhuis 
said: "I was hoping to make a 
comeback this week. The trou- 
ble is I don’t have the confi- 
dence in my swing that I 
should have and I keep having 
two-hole spells, like today. 

Ovett on right road 
to 5,000 metres 

By Plat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 
Twelve years after his first Ovett ran in the same race 

However. I might come over 0 , , . ... .. „ , , 

for the PGA CbaraoionshiD ” ***** Bnfcher » Athletics Correspondent 

Nick Faldo and Sandy Lyle, Twelve years after his first Ovett ran in the same race 
both late starters, appeared to gold medal, in the European in 1983, finishing fourth be- 
be more likely British con- junior S00 metres, Steve Ovett hind Steve Harris, who will be 
tenders than Oosterhuis, who is preparing for a move up to one of the favourites again 
is having a miserable season, 5,000 metres for the Com- after his impressive win in the 
with winnings of only $2,421 mon wealth Games in Edin- Newcastle City Centre five- 
(about £1,600), and is current- burgh and the European kilometre race last Wednes- 
ly 1 70th in the money-list He championships in Stuttgart day. Dave Lewis and Terry 
cannot, of course, now play this summer. His first race for Greene, who were second and 
regularly on the tour as he six months, the Kodak AAA third respectively in Newcas- 
finished 1 30th in last year’s 10-kjlomelre road champion- tie, are also competing, as are 
money-list then failed to im- ships in Battersea Park tomor- two of the leading road rurv- 
prove his ranking by missing row, will be an indication of ners on the United States 
out at the tour school. how his first endurance-based circuit, Mike Musyoki, of 

Dew drops out of 
England squad 

From Richard JEaton, Uppsala, Sweden 

Newcastle City Centre five- 
kilometre race last Wednes- 
day. Dave Lewis and Terry 




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out at the tour school. how his first endurance-based 

Even so, he started well — winter training has 
holing from six feet for a progressed, 
bind ie at the I sl And although Ovett said yesterdayfT hoo- 
he drove into the water at the estly haven't made up my 
third, Oosterhuis showed mind about the champion- 
signs of being in form by ships yet, but I will be running 
hitting an excellent four iron in more 5,000 metres races 
on to the green, so dropping this summer. I had a long 
only one shot in the process, break after my road races in 
Oosterhuis exchanged shots America in mid-October, and 
to par at the 5th and the I was supposed to be r unning 
eighth, although be missed in Norway a few days ago,- but 
good birdie opportunities at ihe arrangements fell through, 
the fourth and seventh, and he So it only took a bit of arm- 
turned in a level-par 36. A bad twisting to get me to run on 
drive at the 13lh took the ball Saturday — but I don’t think ■ 
to within five feet of being out I'm going to be anywhere near 
of bounds, but he still left the the lads who have been racing 
green with a bindiq, all winter.” 

Kenya, and Mark Nenow, of 
the United States, who hold 
the unofficial world best* 
Ovett's old rival Sebastian 
Coe. wbo is appearing in tile 
three-kilometre fun run which 
precedes the championship, is 
also making the move up to 
5,000 metres this season. And, 
compounding the certainty 
that the greatest double art in 
British athletics will continue 
to run and run. is the feet that 
the pair are sharing a stage at 
the Shaftesbury Theatre on 
Sunday evening, doing a 
sketch in Rowan Atkinson's 
"Comedy Relief” benefit for 

England's 3-2 defeat against 
Denmark in the final of the 
European championships here 
on Wednesday night was fol- 
lowed by another damaging 
development in the Martin 
Dew saga. 

Heaven and earth have 
been moved to get the Europe- 
an doubles champion to Ja- 
karta for the Thomas Cup 
finals later this month. The 
travelling dates of the entire 
Eogland squad have been 
altered, the selectors have 
overturned manager Jake 
Downey’s decision to omit 
him, and weeks of public 
wrangling have seen Downey 
struggle to hang on to his job. 

Now. having won his battle 
to be included In the squad 
and to travel late, Dew has 
announced be cannot go after 
alL The reason, he claims, is 
that his employers in Den- 
mark say that notice is too 
short to give him three weeks 
away from his job as an 
engineer with a high-speed 
communications network. It 
seems incredible that this 



S African Beckenham 
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Wellington (UP!) — A full 
New Zealand team is expected 
to tour South Africa next 
month, but without Govern- 
ment sanction, the New Zea- 
land Times reported 
yesterday. The newspaper said 
that all the players selected for 
last winter's aborted AH Black 
tour of South Africa had 
received invitations and that 
nearly all had accepted. 

The proposed 1 985 lour was 
called off after a New Zealand 
high court ruled that it would 
be against the principles of the 
j country's rugby union. The 
I New Zealand Times reported 
that the players had now been 
invited to make a 12-match 
tour as individuals and not on 
behalf of their country, thus 
side-stepping the court ban. 

The possibility of such a 
tour is not causing anxiety 
among officials of this 
summer's Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh. Several 
African countries have indi- 
cated that rugby tours to 
South Africa would not cause 
boycolts of the Common- 
wealth Games provided the 
tours were not given official 

More rugby, page 30 

London (AP) — The ruling 
body of British tennis has told 
the organizers of the Becken- 
ham tournament to reconsider 
inviting Jimmy Connors to 
play there while be is servinga 
1 0-week suspension. 

Ian Peacock, chief executive 
of the Lawn Tennis Associa- 
tion. said that allowing the 
American to play in the pre- 
Wimbledon tournament from 
June 2 to 8 would defeat the 
purpose of the suspension 
imposed by tire Men’s Inter- 
national Professional Tennis 

"It is our view that we 
should support the spirit ol 
the disciplinary action.” Pea- 
cock said. "Under Interna- 
tional Tennis Federation 
rules, we certainly could not 
offer financial support or 
sanction an event which al- 
lowed a player under suspen- 
sion to take part.” 

Salute Cannons 

Cannons, the London squash 
rackets dub, are the new Ameri- 
can Express Premier League 
champions after winning 4-1 at 
Edgbaston Priory in their last 

Connors: in the cold 

match of the season. They 
pipped Aidkagb HaH after the 
Essex side could only beat 
Manchester Northern 3-2. 

Blake move 

Roy Blake, assistant coach to 
Sharp Manchester United, the 
Carisberg National Raster hall 
League champions, was appoint- 
ed yesterday coach to 
HomeSpare Bolton, the strug- 
gling first division side. Blake, a 
Blackpool schoolteacher, takes 
over from American Mark Ste- 
vens who was player-coach for 
only 12 months. 

Royal flavour 

Princess Anne and Captain 
Mark Phillips have entered the 
Witton Castle bane trials in 
County Durham from April 12 
to 11 

Ladles first 

Martina Navratilova and 
Chris Lfoyd. the defending 
champion, bead the women's 
hne-up for the French Open 
tennis dmmpionships from May 
29 to June 6. Mrs Lloyd beat 
Miss Navratifova in the final last 
year to secure the title for a 
record sixth time. 

Tough baptism 

Gary Donovan and Ian 
Rosser, both aged 17, can expea 
a difficult time when they make 
their senior British swimming 
debuts in the mtemaricmal.spon- 
sored by Sun Life, against tire 
Soviet Union and HoDand at 
Coventry on April 12 and 13, 

Pals’ act 

The South African, Peter 
Francisco, overpowered the vet- 
eran, Fred Davis, in the Embassy 
world professional snooker 
championship's qualifying tour- 
nament at Preston yesterday and 
will now meet his best friend. 
Neal Foulds. 

problem could not have been 

While David Eddy, one of 
tiie selectors, has said Dew's 
explanation was accepted, 
Downey, who has suffered so 
much apparently for so tittle, 
said: "It makes all the struggle, 
politics and disputes so 
Futile”. He will receive some 
sympathy for that statement 

Dew's value to the team was 
emphasized by his and Dipak 
Tailor’s fine performance in' 
losing narrowly 15-9; 12-15, 
15-11 to the former world 
champions. Fladbeig and 
HeUedie — a. contest that 
Downey believes would have 
turned the whole match 
England’s way had they won 

Nigel Tier and Gillian Gow- 
ers, favourites to win the 
individual mixed doubles ti- 
tle, were given a tough match 
by Chris Rees and Lesley 
Roberts, of Wales, before 
winning 12-15, IS-IZ 15-11. 
Phil Sutton was beaten 15-9, 
.15-12, by Sweden's No 3, 
Jonas Herrgardh. 




England have pre-selected 
four of their leading swimmers 
for the Commonwealth 
Games. The Amateur. Swim- 
ming Association (ASA) an- 
nounced yesterday that 
Adrian Moorhouse (breast- 
stroke), Sarah Hanicastle 
(freestyle), and Andrew Jame- 
son and Caroline Cooper, 
both (butterfly), will not be 
required to compete in next 
mouth's trials at Coventry. 

They are automatically se- 
lected for Edinburgh, assum- 
ing they do not suffer any 
serious injury or Alness before 
then. England are following 
the lead of Scotland, who pre- 
selected eight of their squad 
last year. Derek Stubbs, die 
ASA’s new director of swim- 
ming. said: "This is the first 
time we have done this and R 
is quite a breakthrough.” 

Moorhouse has been select- 
ed for the 100 and 200 metres 
breaststroke, MissHardcastle 
for the 400 and 800 metres 
freestyle. Miss Hanicastle is 
also Britain's leading 400 me- 
tres medley competitor but 
the selectors have decided that 
she must compete in the trials 
of that event in order to secure 
a place. 

ty. Hop on a bos and in 20 
minutes you can be at aay of in 
the proposed sites for tire 1992 
Games. 1 b what otter capital 
city is that possible for a 
winter or even a su mme r 
Games? The Bulgarians, 
though, haw the same prob- 
lem as Binnagham, convinc- 
og the International Olympic ' 
Committee (IOC) that they 
can bring the competitors into 
Closer proximity than any of 
the otter potential basts for 
Ihe Winter Games. 

“We’re n ewc ome r s in this 
campaign and already it has 
become a kind of feudal, with 
some people in Sofia believing 
we hare already been awarded . 
the GantesT says the gregari* “ 
eus Ivan Sfevfcav, chairman of . 
the Olympic Committee. 

in September, the Soviet 
bloc of eastern Europeans and 
political sympathizers wfl! 
meet to deride open a manda- 
tory vote fior their 12 IOC 
members on the summer deri- 
sion. Since tire Soviet Hoc is 
known to be anti- 
Spanish/ American, the sop- . 
position most he that the 
bargain will be votes for Paris 
hi exchange for allegiance to 
Sofia. If this should ben, then 
it may be difficultibr Binning- 
ham to get the 15 or so first- 
round votes they will need to 
remain in tim ring. 

Already some 3d IOC mem- 
bers hare visited Sofia, with ‘-} 
another 20 expected, twice the 

□umber likely to see Burning' 

ham, and the strategic negotia- 
tions wiQ continue for another 
as months yet. Bulgaria's 
IOC member is the veteran 
equestrian. General Vladimir 
Stofofaev, who fsr in his nineties 
and still as bright as can be. 

The General competed hi 
the 1924 Olympics in Paris 
and It is mushgly alleged 
that whenever an IOC col- 
league arrives here he is 
greeted by the Genoa! ex- 
claiming nostalgically: “I'm 
voting for Paris, what about 

The emotional mood of Sa- 
rajevo in 1984 was memorable 
for the friendly informality of 
the Yugoslavs, and the Bulgur- . 
fens can create the same 
Olympic flavour. There are 
also the advantages of a major - 
international airport and es- 
tablished modern hotels, 
transport and telecommunica- 
tions as well as a cultural . 
background. They may not 
have the winta- sports tradi- 
tions of Falun, UDchammer, 
Cortina, Bertchesgardea, Al- 
bertville or Anchorage, bnt 
they can provide an exception- 
ally compact complex • of 
events. This is their platform, 

“We shall insist, ' 

friends on the IOC, that 
Article 34 of the Charter is 
remembered, that the Olym- 
pics are supposed to be award- 
ed to a city, not a country, with , 
one Olympic village and the 
various sports dose at hand,” 
Slavkov says. “Otherwise a 
country can organize a land of 
diversified world champion- 
ships which are not the real 

Some $300 million (about 

£20Qm) is to be spent on winter 
sports facilities within four 
years if the Bulgarians are- 
appointed hosts, within right 
years if not. Hubert Spiess and 
Fred Roesner, Austrians who 
are both on the International 
Federation Council, hare been 
appointed to design the Alpine 
and Nordic courses. 

-A bob-rim, with proparly 
designed viewing stands, will * 
oper ate all round the year, 
with a synthetic surface re- 
placing ke in the summer 

“To keep the Olympics 
alive, the IOC has to look at 
smaller countries, to get away 
from the battle of s trate gic' 
political balance,” Slavkov 
says. “In the first Olympics in 
1896 there were 13 countries. 

of those have never had a 
Games and only Bulgaria hare 
not among the present summer 
and winter contenders, now 
that Delhi have withdrawn.” 

Slavkov also, acknowledges . 
that ha lf tire IOC members, 
from countries with bo snow 
and with no competitors going, 
to the winter Games; are 
concerned with allegiances 
other than . to the athletes. 
Sofia’s advantage is Hire., of 
the other winter eanriMrew a, 
only Anchorage and 
IiUehammer are c om pact 
sites; All the others, inctnding 
Falun, the supposed 
favourites, are spread over 
wide distances. Albertville and 

be spread over many separate 

David Miller 

\t>'A *** I