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! • 91” f 

^NeWs - International last 
night offered the print unions 
a unique deal to settle the 
Wapping dispute — , the free, 
gift of a complete and fuUy- 
pperational newspaper prim- 

profitab^ natiemd Newspaper 
printing contract. 

Mr Bruce Matthews, man-' 
aging director of the company, 
made the offer of the plant 
where The . Times and The 
Sunday Times were formerly 
produced in Gray's Inn Road, 
London, to union leaders at a 
meeting to discuss tire dispute. 

The package offered in- 
cludes 60 newspaper printing 
press units, computerized 
typesetting equipment and the 
lota! pre-press, publishing, 
and ancillary- installations. 
The freehold of the 300,000 
square foot building and the 
land it stands on would also be 

In addition, the company 
would agree to assign to the. 
unions the contract to 1 print 
the London editions of The 
Guardian which has two years- 
to run. 

More than .5,500 members 
of Sogat '82, the National 
Graphical Association, and 
the engineers’ .union, the 
AUEW, walked out on strike 
in Januaryia support of a. 
claim for life-time jobs. They 
were latto~._dismjssed for 
breach of contract and have 
since beenpicketingthe News 
Internationa!., plant at 
Wanting, east London, where 

By a Staff Reporter 

The Times , .- The Sunday 
Times. News ef die World md 
The Sun are now produced. 

Last nightMr Rupert Mur- 
doch, chairman of the compa- 
ny, said of the offer rrhe 
unions andtheir members wiB 
have tbe opportunity to start 
tlaear own newspaper, employ 
themselves and use whatever 
practices; nmxromg levels and 
contracts they choose. 

1 “They-have an opportunity 
. to create a.-new product any- 
where in the market, morning, 
evening, or Sunday and if they 
are.: in direct competition to 
any. of our titles we- will 

“In the meantime' they wSB 
have The Guardian contract , 
which shows a profit of £1 
minion a year, as a cushion to 
allow them cadi flow until 
they get their own paper or 
papers off the ground.” 

The value of: the plant is 
difficult to estimate but the 
new replacement value of the 
equipment would be in excess 
of £42 million and the build- 
ing wouto cost more than £20 
million to, construct *•; 

The -60 .Goss Headliner 
Mark I presses — the same 
models as those installed at 
Wap^ting—are r in excellent 
condition and have a long fife 
by normal newspaper stan-/ 

They were installed in 

the .mid-1960s . and- further 
equipment was added about 
H) years later. ■ ' • 

The computerized type-set- 
ting equipment was used fay 

Cootraaed ea page 20, col 1 

Next week| Schools review ‘to 



As Woolworlhsaod 
latest inalong tine 
of ftmcttis take-over 
battles; it: three-part 
series examines the . 

phenomenon and 
explains how:the :. v 
game is played; what 
are the stakes and 
who really wills 

Living in 
the shadow 

Edna Healey talks 
about the wrves-of- 
famous men 

There is £22,000 to be won in 
The Times PortfoBo competi- 
tion today — £20,000 in die 
weekly contest and £2,000 io- 
the duly. Yesterday’s daily 
prize of £2,000 was shared 
betweeen five readers, each 
receiving £400. They are: Mis 
M. Lowry, of Cnmleigh, Sur- 
rey; Mr GiF. Edwards, of 
Virginia Water, Surrey; Mr 
M. Barrett; «f London NWS; 
Mrs M.M.Scher, of 
Swafllmm, Norfolk; and Mrs 
G. Hafi, of Fearnhead, 

Portfolio fists, pages 20 , 24. 

Stocks boom 

Stock markets again hit new 
highs this week, despite uncer- 
tainties about the price of ou. 
But will the boom continue? 
Family Money, pages 25-34 

Contra boost 

The'US plans to send military 
advisers to the Nicaraguan 
Contras -if, as now appears 
more likely. President. Reagan 
wins Congress backing to md 
the rebels 

Unless Britain’s education 
service improved, ihe Gpv-- 
enunent might have . to con- 
sfiter introducing ’a naticnaal 
^stem; Mr Clmstroltcr Pat- 
ten, Ministex-ofStatefor 
Education md Science, said 
yesterday. :• '. k ' ■ “ 

He added tbat if the organi- 
zation of; education did not 
improve it risked, creating “a 
yob society and an impover- 
ished culture” • 

: Challenging the historic 
partiieiship : between central 
gpvemipent and local educa- 
tion authorities, Mr Patten 
said that other-countries had a 
national education service, 
cen trail y : di reeled and 
coiitroUed. • — . 

In a speech to tbcAssistant 
Masters and Mi stresses 
Association’s annual confer- 
ence in Cardiff; he said that, 
.the past year's pay dispute and 
disruption to schools had 
raised qnestionsaboui the way 
in which we organize, deliver 
and pay for education. 

The British system of part- 
nership between local authori- 
ties and central government 
could be challenged on phOo- 
sophical grounds or from- a 
concern for financial effective- 
ness, be said. “But the main 
and most generally convincing 
ground forchafienge, certainly 
to a Tory, is that based on 
quality.” . 

- The key issue was educa- 
tional standards, he said. 
“Even a return to normality 
would not mean that our 
problems were over. : There 
were problem*- feeing die 
school system which -were 

more fundamental dun pay 
and conditions.^ ' 

1 ^The- root -' question is 
witefher the school system is 
defiveying to its pupils the 
standards . ^ of educational 
achievement wh«3i they and 
the nation need. To the extern 
that there may be doubt about 
the achievement of those stan- 
dards, doubt is cast ou the 
peribrmauce. of the various 
parts of the system and the 
relationship between them.” 

He added (hat there was 
evidence from school inspec- 
tors that standards attained by 
pupils were not as good as they 
could be, nor as good as they 
needed to be if young people 
were to; be equipped for the 
next century. Tins was not an 
attack ou teachers, he said, but 
a serious challenge to us afl. 

. Although Mr Patten did not 
use the word “crisis” he said 
there were grounds for consid- 
erable concern about our edu- 
cation system. “The past year 
has been a wretched one for all 
of us in education.” 

He said that teachers, who 
were also partners in the 
educationsyitem, were rightly 
worried abput allegations that 
even a tiny extremist minority 
of teachers were biased in the 
way they taught, or as a matter 
of philosophical conviction 
did not believe in stretching 
individual pupils’ capabilities 
to the fulL 

“Ideological bias in educa- 
tion is so serious that none of 
the education partners can 
afford to ignore even the often 
incomplete evidence that it 
sometimes occurs.” 

Boycott impossible, page 2 

Polish visit cancelled 

A planned visit to London 
by Mr Marian Orzechowski, 
the Polish Foreign Minister, 
lata- this imanth has been 
called offbecause Mrs Thatch- 
er refiised to meet him. 

The vd$it,would have- been 
in return for the one which Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, made to Warsaw 
Normally a .vistting foreign 
ffijwigTpr will be received mily 

fry the Foreign Secretary and 
other ministers with whom he 
wants to do special business. 

However the Poles, anxious 
to establish greater interna- 
tional credibility for the 
Jaruselski regime, had insisted 
that Mr Orzechowski should 
be received at Downii% Street 
When they were told this was 
not possible they derided to 
cal! off the visit altogether. 



NGA primers when producing 

The Times and The Sunday 
Times. Journalists typed sto- 
ries 'onpaper which was then 
sent to the composing room 
for inputting into the comput- 
er system by printers. 

The technology is identical 
to that used at Wapping where 
journalists now type their 
reports directly imo the com- 
puter, and so could be used by 
either printers or journalists. 

Mr Murdoch said that the 
company’s plan was to allow 
the former employees to re- 
main in lhe.newspaper indus- 
try under, union employment. 
The venture could become the 
direct responsibility of the 
unions or control could pass 
to the TUC. There could be no 
future re-sale within an agreed 

The offer was conditional 
on (he unions bringing the 
current dispute to an end and 
giving up their camp ai g n to 
achieve recognition at 
Wappmg or any other daim. 

Mr Murdoch said; “This is 
anopportunity for the TUC to 
achieve their ambition and at 
tire feme , time employ the 
people who previously worked 
at ihepianL li aHows the trade 
union movement, the start-up 
capital free of chaige with no 
interest cbaiges round their 

“It: would also answer the 
complaint of the Labour poli- 
ticians who say there is not 

I \ 

Wd W-f < 

£50m bets 
for the 

Kinnock threat of 
mass purge for 
Militant activists 

The Grand National, the 
world's biggest and toughest 
horse race which attracts more 
razzmatazz than any other on 
the calendar, should hare 
broken new ground by the time 
of the “off” today. 

Bookmakers predicted that 
a record total of £50 million 
w£B have been placed in bets 
both large and small by 
3j20pm when 40 steeplechas- 
ers thunder onto .the famous 
Aintree course. 

Most of Ae big money will 
have been placed on the more 
favourably priced moants, but 
predictably the pending royal 
weddiis proved more attrac- 
tive to the lOp brigade, in the 
shape of a horse called Anoth- 
er Dake, a 200-1 outsider. 

A second horse proring only 
stighdy less attractive was: 
Gayle Warning which, at 50-1, 
indicated that the small punt- 
ers were petting their faith 
more in the weather prospects 
than the performance of the 

Lady Lock was not riding 
for Mr Perry Ramsden, a 
London businessman. He ] 
Stood to win a staggering 
£5 minion wife a foor-borse 1 
accmnafetor bet 

His first two mounts, I Bin 
Zaidoon and Steaxsby, both 
won mi Thursday at Aintree at 
odds of 14-1 and 11-4. The 
third horse was Brnmco run- 
ning as favourite in the 3.10 
yesterday. But it could only 
manage third place. 

Mr Ramsden, though, still 
hopes to reamp something in 
today's big race. He has 
£50,000 riding each way on his 
horse Mr Suogfit, the 7-1 

Kit lock was in fur Steve 
Smith Ecdes, the Newmarket 
jockey. Mr Smith Ecdes, aged 
30, who is riding Classified in 
the National, found himself 
locked out of his hotel in 
nearby Southport early 

He decided to bed down 
under a pile of rugs on the 
back seat of his bine 
Mercedes. “The next thhm I 
knew I was waking up to find 
we were ou the move down the 
aearby M57,” he said. 

“Whea the thief realized I 
was there he pdlcd in to a 
screeching halt and ran away 

across some fields.” 

Last night the Aintree 
come looked more tike 
Co Witz Castle, with search- 
lights playing on the three 
most chaDengmg and celebrat- 
ed fences at Becker's Brook, 
Valentine's Brook and The 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

Mr Neil Kinnock is threat- 
ening a head-on challenge to 
the Labour left with concerted 
plans for a mass purge of 
Militant Tendency supporters 
and other Trotskyists from the 
party ranks. 

Labour Weekly, the party 
newspaper, said yesterday that 
Labour leaders were working 
on a tight new disciplinary 
code which will probably go 
before the party conference in 

The report said: “The aim is 
10 enable the party to take 
action — up to and including 
expulsion — without becom- 
ing entangled in lengthy legal 

The move marks a dramatic 
change of course by Mr 
Kinnock in the wake of last 
week's humiliating defeat for 
the national executive at the 
hands of Liverpool Militants. 

It was reported in The 
Times on March 21 that 
Labour right-wingers were 
drawing up plans for a grass- 
root s constituency purge of 

Militant supporters, with the 
possibility of a special fund to 
indemnify the cost of Militant 
counter-attacks in the courts. 

Leading party sources said 
then there was no chance of 

Mr Kinnock or Mr Larry 
Whitty. the parry general sec- 
retary. backing a general party 

Labour Weekly reported 
that Mr Kinnock now aimed 
to rewrite the party constitu- 
tion to give force to a constitu- 
ency-based mass purge. 

The move guarantees full- 
scale conflict between the 
party leadership and left-wing 
activists represented by MPs 
such as Mr Tony Benn, Mr 
Eric Heffer and Mr Dennis 
Skinner and union leaders 
such as Mr Arthur ScargilL 

Constituency parties will be 
actively encouraged to expel 
Militant supporters, of whom 
an estimated 8.000 are carry- 
ing Labour Party cards. 

Labour Weekly said guide- 
lines for disciplinary action 
were expected to be sent to 
constituency parties next 
month. It added: “There is a 
possibility that a special fond 
will be set up to assist individ- 
uals and parties facing legal 
costs for attempted 

As reported in The Times 
last month, new guidelines 
have been made necessary by 
Militant legal challenges 

Contused on page 20, col 4 

Franc set to drop 
after EMS talks 

By Sarah Hogg, Economics Editor 

European finance ministers 
assembled in the Dutch holi- 
day village of Ootmarfum last 
night to fix the first major 
realignment of currencies 
within the European Mone- 
tary System for over three 
years. This is expected to 
result in a substantial devalua- 
tion of the French franc 
against the marie. 

French sources suggest that 
the new Government of M 
Jacques Chirac may be pre- 
pared to loosen French ex- 
change controls as part of the 

The Chancellor, Mr Nigel 
Lawson, is taking part in the 
meetings, but Treasury 
sources last night said there 
was no change in the British 
Government's view that the 
time was not ripe for Britain 
to join the fixed-currency 

A realignment was signalled 
early yesterday when the Bank 
of France suspended official 
currency quotations, a move 

that was quickly followed by 
the central banks of all other 
EMS countries. 

The position of the pound 
will be decided by the curren- 

cy markets when they reopen 
after the realignment on Mon- 

after the realignment on Mon- 
day. However, it must result 
in either a further fell in 
sterling against the mark or a 
rise in the pound against the 
French franc. 

The pound dosed in Lon- 
don up 12 centimes against 
the franc at FFr10.9255, and 
down slightly less than two 
pfennigs against the mark, at 

Full members of the EMS — 
which include all member 
countries of the European 
Community except Britain, 
Spain, Greece and Portugal — 
restrict movements in their 
exchange rates against other 
members' currencies to within 
2'b per cent of a central rate, 
except for Italy, which retains 
wider margins of 6 per cent. 

Continued on page 20, col 3 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

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Italian security authorities 
suspect that May Elias Man- 
sur, the. woman believed, to 
have planted the bomb that 
killed tan people on^ beard die 
TWA aMlrig this week, tried 
to bio* sp an Italian airliner in 
December- 1983. -V 

Tbe incident involve d an 
Afitafia Airfws flying • from 
Istanbul to Home. Turkish 
police discovered tig*-.®*- 
passenger, had cheeked to tart 
but not boarded the aircraft. . 

. : All the luggage was «an*v 
feed, and a cartooof cigarettes 
staffed with' explosives-, was 
fofeid to an .pndahned r satt- 
case. Staff at fee check-in 

desk gave a description of fee 
- woman, who was later Teport- 
ed to be connected with the 
Ahn Nklai extremist group. 

. The description was being 
compared yesterday with that 
riven by passengers who had 
travelled next to Ms Mansur 
on Wednesday's TWA Boring 
727 flight from Cairo to 
Athens when, police betieve, 
fee same woman planted a 
plastic bomb which exploded 
on the Rome to Athens flight 
about right bonwafter she got 
off the plane. . 

' According to eyewitnesses, 
the' wmnan was Aged about 36 - 
and had a sfigbt limp* She 

churned she did sot speak any 
language hot Arabic. 

She is bettered to be a 
Palestinian born In the north- 
ern Lebanese city of Tripoli. 
She was carrying a Jordanian 
passport in fee false name of 

in a life preserver under seat 
10F on the Cairo to Athens 
flight After stopping in the 
transit lounge at Athens air- 
port, she boarded a Middle 
East Airlines flight for BeiraL 

Paint protest 
on nuclear 
cargo ships 

She was identified through her 
airline ticket to BeiraL 

A description of a woman 
resembling Ms Mansur was in 
the possession of the Egyptian 
police before she even boarded 
the plane. She was checked so 
carefoOy by security officials 
at Cairo airport that she was 
the last to be allowed on beard. 

According to unconfirmed 
reports from Rome, passen- 
gers on the Cairo to Athens 
flight $aid the woman in seat 
10F had kept her tray febie 
down tbrot^bout the flight, 
probably to conceal her 

:: Ms Mansur is. believed to 
|»vc placed plastic explosives 

Bomb aftermath, page 5 

Greenpeace yesterday 
claimed a “successful” protest 
against ships carrying spent 
nuclear fuel in Barrow docks. 

The environment pressure 
group said local volunteers 
approached two nuclear cargo 
ships in inflatable dinghies 
and painted on their sides the 
word “Stop” and the interna- 
tional radiation symbol. A 
banner was also fixed to each 
ship saying **Hcip Greenpeace 
stop nuclear cargoes” One 
volunteer was sent flying into 
the water by a ship firehose. 
Greenpeace said. 

New bids swell 
City takeover 

total by £2bn 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

Aintree’s first tady: Caroline Beasley, riding Eliogaity, takes the final fence In the 
Foxhnnters Chase on her wav to becoming fee first woman to ride a winner over the 
formidable Grand National fences. Racing, pages 36-37 (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Takeover activity in the 
City of London reached al- 
most unprecedented levels 
yesterday when three bids 
worth a total of £2 billion were 
proposed or launched. 

Lloyds Bank angered its 
international rival. Standard 
Chartered, by suggesting a 
£1.2 billion merger and 
Hillsdown Holdings, a fast* 
growing foods company, 
brought to a head months of 
speculation over the future of 
the SAW Berisford commod- 
ity trading and sugar group, by 
launching a hostile £430 mil- 
lion bid 

ExteL the news and infor- 
mation services group which 
indudes Burrups Printing and 
Royds Advertising, became 
the object of a new £170 
million offer by Demerger 
Corporation, which wants 10 
break the company up into its 
constituent parts. 

Those three bids come hard 
on the heels of Dixons' ambi- 
tious £1.8 billion offer for its 
bigger retailing rivaL Wool- 
worth Holdings, and while the 
outcome is still uncertain in 
each of Britain's two biggest 
takeover battles ever - the 
£2.8 billion struggle for con- 
trol of Imperial Group and the 
acrimonious fight between 
Guinness and Argyll for Dis- 
tillers. the Scotch whisky 

group. both entering their last 
few weeks. 

few weeks. 

Two main motives are com- 
mon to most of the bids in the 
present wave. One is the belief 
that British companies are 
going to have to be a lot bigger 
to compete adequately in the 
international market place, 
and the second is a belief 
among successful and highly 
motivated managements that 
they can improve the perfor- 
mances of a great number of 
sleepy British companies if 
they are able to take them 

The merger proposal by 
Lloyds Bank, which would 
create a powerful internation- 
al banking group with assets of 
more than £70 billion, sur- 
prised the City yesterday. 
Although Standard Chartered 
has been the object of takeover 
speculation for some months. 

nobody expected the bid to 
come from Lloyds. 

Sir Jeremy Morse, the 
Lloyds chairman, proposed 
talks with his counterpart at 
Standard Chartered but his 
suggestion was rejected by Mr 
Michael McWilliam, manag- 
ing director of Standard Char- 
tered. as “unwelcome”. 

Stock market dealers said 
they expected rival bids and 
Standard's share price soared 
nearly 200p to 830p — way 
above the 750p a share that 
Lloyds said it w*ould pay. 

Dealers mentioned Hong- 
kong & Shanghai Banking 
Corporation, Trustee Savings 
Banks, the Royal Bank of 
Scotland and Midland Bank 
as possible rivals. 

Lloyds said that its bid 
would create a banking group 
with the widest international 
spread of any European bank- 
ing organization. Its opera- 
tions would straddle the world 
with interests from Latin 
America to Africa, the Far and 
Middle East and the United 

Standard would also give 
Lloyds an interest in one of 
South Africa's leading banks, 

Hillsdown's offer for 
Berisford would, if successful, 
add the Silver Spoon sugar 
company. British Sugar Cor- 
poration. to a group of busi- 
nesses which already includes 
Buxted chickens and 

As part of the offer the 
Italian agri-business company 
Femizzi sold its 9 per cent in 

Berisford to Hillsdown, giving 
Hillsdown 20 per cent of 

Hillsdown 20 per cent of 
Berisford. Tate & Lyle. British 
Sugar's main rivaL still holds 
about 10 per cent of Berisford. 

Mr Harty Solomon, joint 
chairman of Hillsdown. said 
that he was interested in the 
whole of Berisford. not just 
British Sugar, which at the 
moment is the most profitable 
part of the group. Mr Ephraim 
Margulies. chairman of 
Berisford. wants to retain 
control of the commodity 
trading pan of the company. 

Lloyds surprise, page 21 
Market report, page 23 

Israel demands access 
to file on Waldheim 

New York — The Israeli 
Government yesterday offi- 
cially requested access to a 
secret United Nations file on 
the Second World War activi- 
ties of Dr Kurt Waldheim, the 
former UN Secretary-General 
alleged to have been an intelli- 
gence officer in the Germany 
Army and to have been in- 
volved in operations against 
the Greek resistance and Yu- 
goslav partisans (Zoriana 
Pysariwsky writes). 

Hie file is one of 40,000 
compiled by the UN War 

Crimes Commission between 
1943 and 1948. The Israeli 
request came after the UN had 
made it dear that only govern- 
ments could see the docu- 
ments, which several Jewish 
organizations had said should 
be made public. 

Diplomatic sources said 
that Israel would have pre- 
ferred to wait until after next 
month's Austrian elections, in 
which Dr Waldheim is a 
presidential candidate, before 
making the request. 

Waldheim denial, page 5 


writes as 

The fictitious story of 
Vera Hillyard, one of the last 
wo m en to be hanged in England 
: : On sale now £ 3.95 
Viking -I- Fiction 

















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3 Is 
















































Protestant churchmen 
join condemnation 
of ‘loyalist’ attacks 

Protestant church leaders in 
Northern Ireland yesterday 
joined the growing chorus 
condcmning^loyalist” attacks 
on the Royal Ulster Constabu- 
lary after officers and their 
families suffered a fourth 
night of intimidation. 

The four Church of Ireland 
bishops in the province con- 
demned the spate of attacks 
on the police and sectarian 
attacks on the homes of 
Roman Catholics. They ex- 
pressed utter revulsion at the 

And the Moderator of the 
Presbyterian Church. Dr Rob- 
ert Dickinson, said the attacks 
were "cruel, wrong and 

"However unjust and un- 
wise the decisions of those in 
authority may be felt to be. it 
is totally wrong to victimize 
those who are obliged to 
implement such decisions in 
fulfilment of their duty to 
uphold the law." he said 

Senior officers of the RUC 

More risk 
for whale 

By Patricia Clough 

International efforts to pro- 
tect whales are in serious 
danger of collapse, threatening 
the eventual extinction of the 
species, a leading whale expert 
said yesterday. 

At the same time, new 
scientific research from Nor- 
way had shown that the ability 
of the seriously-depleted 
whale population to regener- 
ate itself was twice as bad as 
was thought when the current 
five-year international mora- 
torium was declared. Dr Rog- 
er Payne, the World Wildlife 
Fund's whale research scien- 
tist said. 

Dr Pavne. who will be 
subject of a A 'aturewatch pro- 
gramme on I TV on Monday 
evening, said that the morato- 
rium would not win the battle 
He said that pressure was 
being applied to four Nordic 
countries to pull out of the 
International Whaling Com- 
mission (IWC). 

Norway has alreadv de- 
clared, along with the Soviet 
Union and Japan, that it will 
not adhere to the moratorium. 

From Richard Ford, Belfast 

fear that the force is not yet 
through the worst of the spate 
of incidents against officers 
In the fourth night of loyal- 
ist attacks designed to under- 
mine morale, seven homes 
were pelted with bottles and 
stones in east Belfast, six were 
attacked in the north of the 
city and one in Portadown. No 
one was injured in the attacks. 

Loyalist bombers and gun- 
men attacked an RUC Land 
Rover in north Belfast, firing 
17 shots at iL and a petrol can 
containing nails, bolts and 
shrapnel exploded as the vehi- 
cle drove through the housing 
estate. A command wire ran 
300 metres to landscaped 
ground where the terrorists 
waited to detonate iL 
Three people are being 
questioned by detectives after 
a loaded magazine, a double- 
barrel shotgun and 2.000 
rounds of ammunition were 
found by police searching the 
Cregagh community centre in 
east Belfast. 

Four other people are help- 
ing police in connection with 
petrol bomb attacks on the 
homes of four officers in the 
same ansa on Wednesday. 

Two men are being ques- 
tioned in Ballymena after a 
petrol bomb attack on the 
home of a Roman Catholic 
family. An imitation firearm, 
woollen mask, hooded combat 
jacket and glove were found in 
the back of a car stopped near 
the attack. 

The rrish National Libera- 
tion Army bombed the Newry 
and Moume council offices in 
Newry, Co Down, early yes- 
terday. causing extensive 
damag e to the building. 

The RUC said last night 
that since March 3, the loyalist 
day of action, 68 police fam- 
ilies had been intimidated 
with 43 of the incidents occur- 
ring since Easter Sunday when 
Mr Tom King, Secretary of 
State for Northern Ireland, 
banned the Apprentice Boys 
parade in Portadown. 

Mr George Palmer inspecting some of his 2^MX) lead soldiers. 

Granddaughter of 
Stalin to return 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

The Home Office has whether he would have her 
agreed to grant a visa to Josef back and he agreed." 

Stalin's granddaughter. Miss Miss Peters, who had not 
Olga Peters, aged 14. to enable lived in the Soviet Union 
her to return to boarding before, was reported to be 
school in Britain after two unhappy with her mother in 
years in the Soviet Union. Soviet Georgia. She had spent 

However, she will not be 
accompanied by her mother. 
Miss Svetlana Alliluyeva, who 
look her daughter with her 
when she returned to the 
Soviet Union in 1984. No visa 
application for her had been 
received, a Home Office 
spokesman said yesterday. 

Miss Peters, who was bom 
in the United Stales., is the 
daughter of Mr William Pe- 
ters. a US architect. Miss 
Alliluyeva's fourth husband. 
She will return to ihe Friends’ 
School at Saffron Walden. 
Essex, where she studied for 
18 months, when the summer 
term begins next weekend. 

Mr Nicholas Hawksley, the 
school bursar, said yesterday: 
"When her mother removed 
her two years ago she asked 
the head. Dr John Woods. 

whether he would have her 
back and he agreed." 

Miss Peters, who had not 
lived in the Soviet Union 
before, was reported to be 
unhappy with her mother in 
Soviet Georgia. She had spent 
most of her life in the US and 
had acquired a Californian 

A Foreign Office spokes- 
man said the British Embassy 
in Moscow had received a visa 
application on the girt' s behalf 
from the Soviet foreign minis- 
try on Wednesday. 

'The application had been 
expected since Mr Viktor 
Louis, a Soviet journalist 
reported last month that Miss 
Alliluyeva was attempting to 
return her daughter to Britain. 

He said that Miss 
Alliluyeva, aged 60, who re- 
turned to the Soviet Union 
after 17 years in the West, was 
also trying to leave. 

However, he said it was 
unlikely that she would be 
given permission as Moscow 
had already granted her a 
special concession by restor- 
ing her Soviet citizenship. 

Glory of 
the Raj 
on show 

The glory of the Raj will be 
recreated when one of the 
country's largest collections of 
lead soldiers goes on public 
display for the first time in 
Britain next week. 

More than 2,000 figures are 
used for the recreation of the 
“Delhi Durbar”, when the 
newly crowned George V was 
presented to India for the first 
time as Emperor King. 

It is the work of Mr George , 
Palmer, aged 66, a model 
enthusiast and collector, and 
goes on display to the public 
for six months from tomorrow 
at Sledemere House, near 
Bridlington, North Yorkshire. 

Mr Palmer has spent more 
than six months working on 
the 30ft long display. It has 
been reconstructed from origi- 
nal photographs of the cere- 
mony and the records 

The display is being mount- 
ed in aid of the Childrens' 
Society. Previously unseen in 
this country, the collection of 
lead soldiers many dating 
from the turn of the century 
attracted thousands of visitors 
when it was shown on New 
York's Fifth Avenue during 
the Queen's Silver Jubilee and 
Australia at the time of the 
Commonwealth Games. 

However, Mr Palmer said: 
"Because of the size of the 
display we have been unable 
to show all the troops taking 




OIL: $10 that shook the world 
MAGAZINE: snapping back at the Japanese 

BUSINESS: the bids keep rolling in 

Sunday Isn’t Sunday without the 
. Sunday Times 

GCSE boycott by 
union ‘impossible’ 

By Lucy Hodges, Edncatfam Correspondent 

Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science, yesterday described 
the decision of the biggest 
teachers’ onion to boycott the 
September introduction of the 
new GCSE examination as 
“totally impossible” 

The National Union of 
Teachers resolved this week to 
continue teaching O level and 
CSE courses this autumn in 
defiance of the Government's 
plan to introduce the GCSE 
for 16-year-olds. 

“They have resolved to 
teach for an exam that will not 
then exist,” Sir Keith said. 
“That does not make sense.” 

Speaking on BBC radio, the 
minister accused union lead- 
ers of frying to sabotage the 
GCSE in the interest of more 
pay, and he repeated that the 
examination would start in 
September as arranged. 

The second biggest union, 
the National Association of 
Schoolmasters and Union of 
Women Teachers, is commit- 
ted to boycotting the prepara- 
tion phase of the new 
examination, although not its 

Both unions say they are 
taking action because the 
GCSE is inadequately funded 
and is being introduced 

Sir Keith said yesterday: 
“Most teachers are dedicated 

to the interests of the children 
but the larger union execu- 
tives seem to regard it as fan- 
play to disrupt children’s 

Preparations and funding 
for the GCSE had been far 
more extensive than for the 
introduction of any previous 
e xaminat ion, he said. 

Mr Fred Jarvis, general 
secretary of the NUT, re- 
sponded angrily to Sir Keith’s 
comments. He said. - " What aU 
three teacher union confer- 
ences have demonstrated this 
week is that, if anything, the 
grassroots membership of the 
NUT, the NAS/UWT and the 
Assistant Masters and Mis- 
tresses Association want to go 
even further than their 

• Dr David Owenfeader of 
.the SDP, yesterday rejected 
selective “Crown schools”, 
vouchers and greater central- 
ization of power as solutions 
to the crisis in education 
(George Hill writes). 

Spoking in York at the 
annual conference of the Asso- 
ciation of Parent-Teacher As- 
sociations, he said that 
conflict in schools was likely 
to continue. He reaffirmed his 
party's commitment to local 
discretion within a framework 
designed to safeguard 

Man in the news 

face MOT 

Thousands of motorists 
throughout Britain face hav- 
ing to keep then: vehicles off 
the road for two weeks be- 
cause garages have ran out of 
MOT certificates. 

The Department of Trans- 
port admitted yesterday that 
staff at the new centralized 
Goods Vehicle Centre in 
Swansea had underestimated 
the number of blank forms 
needed by garages. - 

The Swansea centre was 
established two months ago as 
a cost-cutting measure to re- 
place nine regional MOT dis- 
tribution centres. Four extra 
staff have since been drafted 
in to deal with a three-week 
backlog of orders for ihe 

“But the situation should be 
normal in a fortnight. -Like 
any new centre, there are 
initial problems, and in this 
case, staff underestimated the 
scale of die task,” a transport 
department spokesman said. 

He added that in emergency 
cases garages should apply to 
the 31 Heavy Goods Vehicles 
Testing Centres. 

The department said some 
garages are not affected. How- 
ever, the Motor Agents Asso- 
ciation, which represents 
garages throughout .’Britain, 
described the department 
bungle as a “debacle of crisis 
proportion". , " " “ 

Brittan , 
attack on 
over BL 

By George Hill 

Strident Tory opposition to 
the safe oF BL to General 
Motors had bordered on hys- 
teria and risked debasing true 
patriotism. Mr Leon Brittan * 
said yesterday. . * 

He called for his party to 
prepare for the next election 
without letting itself be 
“bounced ami, bullied" by 
emotionalism into being di- 
verted from right and practical 

“No government could pos- 
sibly have ignored the upsurge 
of protest, "be told the Federa- 
tion of Conservative Students 
is Scarborough. “But that 
does not mean that the pro- 
tests were justified, or that 
those who fomented them 
served their country well 
“If the choice is between a 
viable concern, operating in 
Britain, to the benefit of the * 
British people, but owned by 
GM, and a concern that is 
constantly in jeopardy, a per- 
petual drain on the taxpayer, 
insecure and not viable, then 
there can be no doubt whatso- 
ever that it is in the national 
interest to choose- the viable 

Mr Brizsaa's resignation as 
track and industry secretary in 
January came after accusa- 
tions that be had been too 
ready to allow the Westland 
helicopter company to fail 
under American control. 

In an apparent reference to 
the aggressive campaigning £ 
favoured by Mr. Norman 
Tebint as well as . by the 
Conservative students them- 
selves, Mr Brittan warned 
against ^adopting a harsh, or 
destructive or unnecessarily 
contentious tone” in the com- 
ing election. 

• Two bidders for Land 
Rover, Mr Tiny' Rowland, of 
Lonrho. and Dr David An- 
drews, head of the manage- 
ment buy-out ream, visited 
the company’s factory at Soli- 
hull, Birmingham, yesterday. 
They have until April IS to 
revise their bids. 

for second ’ 

Predator with a low profile 

By Alison Eadie 

Mr Stanley Kalins, chair- 
man of Dixons, the electrical 
goods retailer, emerged this 
week as the man who believes 
he is best qualified to revive 
the Woolworth retail chain. 

In an ambitious £1,800 
million bid for Woolworth 
Holdings, Mr Kahns laid 
claim to 14.4 million square 
feet of selling space, which 
makes Woolies the biggest 
British retailer in terms of 
floor space, ahead of Marks & 
Spencer with 9.8 million 
square feet 

In spite ofhis ambition, his 
impressive track record at 
Dixons, and bis strong follow- 
ing in the City, Mr Kahns is 
hardly a household name. Mr 
Terence Conran, of Habitat- 
Mothercare and now British 
Home Stores, Mr Ralph 
Hal pern, of Burton and 
Debenhams, and Sir Philip 
Harris, of Harris Queensway, 
are all far better known. 

The reason is that Mr 
Kalins does not believe in 
personality cults. He said 
yesterday that Dixons was 
successful because it had top- 
rate management “I'm a good 
organizer. A lot of people in 
the company push for expan- 
sion. They push and I puIL” 

Mr Kahns, aged 54, built up 
Dixons on the foundation of 
his father’s north London 
photographic studio, which he 
joined in 1948. With its bead 
office still in Edgware, he lives 
dose by in Stanmore, Middle- 

Since going public in 1962 
with 16 photographic shops 
and annual profits of 
£160,000, the business has 
continued to expand. Dixons 
Group now has 830 shops and 
1-5 million square feet of 
selling space. Just over 500 
shops came from Currys, the 
rival electrical goods retailer, 
which it took over in Decem- 


g raH W ini 

O 200 Westons ctwnM shops 
acquired E10.7m 
0 Westons sou 
400- 500 cany* stows 

W acquired £24Jm 

1S7B 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 j 

Pre-tax profits! 

1976 77 78 7S 80 81 82 838485 

the news of a huge bid which 
would more than double its 
market capitalization saw 
prices short up. 

Mr Kalins’ sucoess has had 
its material rewards, with a 72 
per cent rise in salary in 1984— 
85 to £208,000. He remains a 
retailer to the core and does 
not believe in diversifying. 

He resigned from being . a 
“name" at Lloyds some years 
ago because he did not under- 
stand the insurance business 
and had no influence over the. 
way his affairs were. run. T 
like to be in charge of my own 
destiny,” he said. 

Retail analysts agree on the 
shrewdness of -the timing of 
his Woolworth bid. The view 
is that the new management at 
Wort worth has made great 
strides in the last three-and-a- 
half years, but the changes 
have yet to feed through. 

Woolworth team, page 21 

Mr Stanley Kilnw, Matting 
for control of Woolworth 

her 1984 in an acrimonious 
£250 million battle. 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter. . 

With five days left, before 
ihe south-west London .fry- 
election at Fulham, Alliance 
aad Consacytiti ve candidates 
are engaged In' a bitter battle 
over who can best stop Labour 
winning. . . 

Both parties acknowledge 
that Mr Nick Raynsford, for 
Labour, remains out in the 
lead. But while Mr Roger 
liddle, for the Alliance, and 
Mr Matthew Carrington, the 
Tory candidate, insist they can 
still win, in practice they 
appear to be fighting over who 
wfll finish second. 

Mr Carrington, who can 
count on the support of a 
substantial block of unswerv- 
ing Conservatives, unkindly 
labelled by one observer as the 
Hooray Henry set, yesterday 
issued a new leaflet explaining 
“why foe SDP want Labour to 

Mr Liddle, who hopes to 
have 1,000 Alliance support- 
ers working in the south-west 
London constituency this 
weekend, yesterday highlight- 
ed the “irrelevance" of the 
Tory candidate. 

"The real contest in this by- 
election is between ourselves 
mid the Labour, candidate," 

Mr Liddle added 1 

Bound over 

Geoffrey Dixon, a Bexley 
councillor, was yesterday 
bound over in the sum of £50 
to keep the peace for a year 
after police offered, no evi- 
dence on allegations of his 
using insulting words and 
behaviour and . obstruction 
outside the News' Internation- 
al plant at Wapping on March 
8., Dixon, of Sidcup, Kent 
denied both offences. 


Cardinal Wolsey died while 
under arrest for treason, and was k 

not executed as stated on A 

Currys integration, combined 
with Dixons’ continued profit 
growth and market share gain, 
has ensured Mr Kalins of a 
devoted following in the Cty. 
Instead of its shares falling, 


Science Report 

Discoveries of primitive algae 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Part of the textbooks of 
plant and animal biology need 
re w r i t i ng, after two separate 
lines of research. 

Both discoveries come from 
teams of bhriogistB who have 
studied some of the simplest 
forms of plants and mtero- 
erganisms which thrive in 
water. One group has fend 
that six common spedes of 
plant-like freshwater organ- 
isms obtain their food in an 
unexpe ct ed way . 

The textbooks have it that 
these particular varieties of 
plankton get their energy and 
carbon from phc>»syHthesis. 

Studies by David Bird and 
Jacob Ka Iff, from McGill 
University, Montreal, into the 
fe edi ng habits of these 
called Dinobtyon, in Lake 
Cromwell, Qaebec, show the 
org anism s thrive by gobbling 
op bacteria. 

In the second results, pub- 
lished in Atoms, Dr TBnraer- 
Wiersma, from the laboratory 
for mic robiology at the Uni- 
vereity of Amsterdam, and her 
cpfleagnes, have for the first 
tnoe found swimming freely a 
prumtire sort of algae named 
Prochloren. It was recovered 
from foe. Loosdredrt lakes of 

The Netherlands, and it is a 
dnHri type of simple orean* 
ism as Dtnobryos. 

Untfi now the organism was 

a rarity. Only symbiotic forms 
were found with Prochloron 
bring on foe surface . of a 
sedentary sponge-like 
Prochloron was reluctant to 
be parted from its host for 
Browing in the laboratory. So 
studies of foe omudun have 
meant visiting a amdr evrii M 
beach in Baja 
The fascination lies in the 
Part these primitive objects 
may have played in foe early 

provide one of foe missing 
links in foe evolutionary tree 
from single cell to complex 
organisms, ft is possible that 
Pr achloro o-type organisms 
ware the h niMing blocks of 
more elaborate cells 

Now there is an abundant 
source from temperate waters, 
it should be possible to grow 
the organism in the laborato- 

Bat foe Dfoobryous have 
raised additional questions by 
showing that when there is 
fnsuftkkdt sunlight for photo- 
synthesis they can digest 

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on cancer 
and the pill found to be 

to women’ 

The hw • ®T ’I^wn^ ItaltotSdence Corespondent 
: -- j . ev wew» on sus- chaos and a tot of pain to among women who smoke 

wmen. Since then there has 1 heavily, lave lad a number of 
been other research published sexual partners,, and do not 
which conflicts with that;usc . barrier methods' " of 

ev lS3 > ^'- i- : - /' • ■ - • - contraception. •- .' 

.“we need much more re- •• : 
search to explain these- <Es-- ' -we may never.resolvrfois 
crepandes and to cast more Ques tion of an association 
tight on foe risks to 'younger the pill and the 

womett’" be said. ' disease to our satisfaction. W* 

tinks between oral 
contraceptives and breast can- 
cer is “enormously 
raassunnr to women, aiead- 
^ cancer researcher said 
yesterday. • . - 

five scientific studies in- 
voking thousands of women 
since 1979 showed no evi- 
dence of harm to those aged 
25 who had been taking 
the pill fo r as long as 15 yam, 
iTOtesior Manm Vessey said. 

.But There was still uncer- 
tamty about the risk of breast 
cancer to women under 25 
who were taking the -pill, he 
told a symposium of feniily 
planning doctors in 

_“This controversial area is 
of enormous importance to 
public health," he said. Evi- 

ftofcssor vessey, who S 
professor of social and com- 
munity medicine at Oxford 
University, said possible links 
between the pill and cervical 
cancer also needed much fur- 
ther investigation. 

Recent studies have sug- 
gested that some women who 
have been, taking' the pill for 
more than 10 years may face 
up to almost twice the risk of 
cervical cancer as women who 

will still be arguing about it in 
the year 2,000." be said. 

-He was in favour of cervical 
screening being made moire 
available to younger women 
than at present and at more 
regular intervals. “The screen- 
ing age should be brought 
down as much as possible and 
we should be providing tests 
at three rather than five-year 
intervals." he said. 

At present general practitio- 
ners arepaid by the Depart- 
ment of . Health and Social 

^ T” ^ 7*1 have not used oral 

dence published m 1 983 comcacentivesL 


^rrerukstoihoseiniderB drfBcult to assess foe evidence smear tests only on women 
£l!*v • . because of the many other nsfc . aged over 35 Younger women 

thT/* 16 pu ^ crty surrounding ■■■ factors' involved m the dis- can stiH aet tbetesihut mav 
thtt research ease. It b mo* commoo 

‘at 55 for 

. By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The EEC was actively con- 
sidering paying retirement 
pensions to termers at the age 
of 55, a conference at the 
Royal Agricultural College at 
Cirencester was told 

Land left vacant by termers 
who agreed to retire might be 
left fallow as a means of 
reducing food surpluses effdse 
reallocated to young people 

who had difficulty in mating q 

start in fanning. 

Mr John Loulheed, a Euro- 
pean Commission o fficial. 
made it dear to the national 
conference of terming and 
wildlife advisory groups, that 
an increasing share of com- 
mon agricultural policy funds 
would be diverted to structur- 
al expenditure, including en- 
vironmental protection, at the 
expense of price support. - 
Farm e r s might, for exam- 
ple, be paid for keeping envi- 
ronmentally important sites, 
such as -wetlands, - in their, 
'presort state rather Jhan im- : 
proving therefor adtivstioa.' 

Mr David Evans, dfiefexec-v 
ufive of foe National Farmers 
Union, said titet'asimich, as 
100,000 hectares (1^)0,000 
acres) could be refeasedfronr 
agriculture without adversely 
affecting food production. 

Even if forestry, and new 
crops provided a use for some 
of this land, the remainder 
would represent an unused or 
under-utilized resource. . . 

The NFU was studying the 
possible imposition of stock- 
ing limits and quotas on 
fertilizer use, he said.: - . 

The balance ... of support 
policy must be tilted, towards , 
smaller terms, he continued, 
and the countryside must 
continue to represent a dy- 
namic part of the economy 
and not allowedio become foe 
retirement place of nfban 

Mr Evans emphasized the 

Police anti-drugs 

plan for London 

■ New Scotland 

submitted plans to the Home 
Office for a big overhaul of 
anti-drug policing in London 
with a much larger central 
drugs squad and specialist 
units working in a network 
across the city. . 

TT»- number of officers in 
the central . squad could be 
tripled to 200, and each 
of the eight police areas in 
.London would have, its own 
specialized squad providing 
another 80 to 100 officers. 

Only last year the number of 
men on the central drugs 
squad, which is biased at New 
Scotland Yard, rose from 3$ to 
57. There was alto a promise 
of more men. 

A government policy staie- 
menLon drug problems pub- 
lished earlier this week said 
-that Mr Douglas Hurd, Home 
Secretary, had agreed in prin- 
ciple to 50 more London 
police-, officers ‘ doing anti- 
drugs work. 

ByStewart Tendler 

Yard has of all registered narcotics ad- 
dicts live in London . 

The plans sent to foe Home 
Office are also part of London 
police's contribution to the 
creation of drug investigation 
wings attached to regional 
(Time squads. 

This year each of Britain's 
regional drugs, squads is to be 
given a special wing with a 
total of 200 officers to investi- 
gate drug trafficking 
. London, detectives : argue 
-that they should have an 
enlarged squad, perhaps as 
large as the others put togeth- 
er, to meet London’s particu- 
lar needs. 

The plan envisages a con- 
centration of detectives com- 
bating the * big drug 
distribution networks in Lon- 
don and working with other 
regional drug squads. 

The small area squads 
would concentrate on the next 
level of foe iffiert drag trade 
where . the middlemen 

Woman of 
86 killed 
for a few 


The kmg-nnnting BBC radio series. The 
Archers, is to have a new editor, Mbs Liz 
RSgbey, *8*d 29, a former waitress and fa nning 
journalist who is six years younger tfaw foe 
programme she will ran. 

Mbs Rigbey, new producer of The Archers (Photograph: Tim Bishop). 

By David Hewsou, Arts Correspondent 

may reflect agricultural topics more than h has 
done in recent years. 

“I am an Eddie Grundy ten," Miss Rigbey 
said of one of foe programme's most controver- 
sial characters who has his own tea dub, “but I 
am a tea of other characters too- Eddie Grundy 
won't be taking over." 

Miss Rigbey joined foe BBC in 1984 from 
Farmers Weekly where she was a journalist. 
She produces Radio *Ts early morning On 
Your Farm programme. 

Before joining Farmers Weekly she worked 
as a waitress, a tester for foe Good Food Guide, 
as a riding instructor, and on film continuity. 

Miss Rigbey takes over the Radio 4 
programme on May 1 when foe editor, Mr 
Willisiia Sandhurst, leaves to become a senior 
soap opera producer with Central TV which 
produces Crossroads. 

The Archers and its five million listeners are 
not heading for any great changes of direction 
under Miss Rigbey's editorship, but the series 


Buying white wines at under 
£2.30 a bottle is like playing 
Russian roulette, according to 
the Consumers' Association 
newsletter Which? Wine 
Monthly, published today 
(Robin Young writes). 

Less than a third of the 
wines submitted by supermar- 

kets and wine shop chains as 
being their best under £2.50 
were enjoyable, the panel that 
tasted them say. 

Another third were consid- 
ered “just about drinkable". 

“Buying white wines at this 
price level is, h seems, a risk," 
the report says. “Of the wines 


and fruitless, either because 
they had been badly made or 
badly stored, or simply be- 
cause they were too old. 

Wines from Andre Simon 
wineshops. Eldridge Pope, 
Tesco. Waitrose and the Co- 
op were placed top. 

Clara Kirton. a great grand- 
mother. aged 86. died fora few 
pounds in “one of the most 
horrendous and vicious 
killings" seen by the detective 
in charge of foe case, an 
inquest at Southwark Coro- 
ners Court heard yesterday. 

Mrs Kinon of Victoria 
Buildings, of Great Suffolk 
Street, Southwark, was repeat- 
edly struck with a bottle, 
kicked and stamped on. at her 
flat on November 17 last year. 

Professor Hugh Johnson, a 
pathologist, told the inquest: 
“This is one of the most brutal 
and vicious cases I have seen 
in 30 years." The cause of 
death was inhalation of blood, 
injuries to the face and neck 
and brain injuries. 

Sir Montegue Levine, the 
coroner, recorded an unlawful 
killing verdict, and said: “The 
injuries are horrific and vi- 
cious. Someone somewhere 
knows a person that must 
have come home on that 
particular day with blood on 
them. No stone was left 
unturned by police. 

"If anyone can come for- 
ward with information to give 
to police even at this late stage, 
they will be gratefully 

Mrs Kinon, who was only 
partially mobile, was robbed 
of a few pounds, but £700 
concealed in the flat was 
missed. Detective Inspector 
William Scholes said. 

Outside the court Mrs 
Kinon's son. Brian, aged 43. 
of Sudrev Street, Southwark, 
who found the body, said: “A 
woman who has never done 
any harm to anybody and 
went through two world wars 
ends up like this. This has 
destroyed so many lives in the 
family — there are 20 grand- 
children and great grandchil- 
dren scattered all around foe 

led to gun 

A man threatened police 
with air rifles and a harpoon 
primed to Are after going 
berserk when gasmen 
disconccted his cooker, foe 
Central Criminal Court was 
told yesterday. 

Philip Routledge, aged 38, 
reportedly told foe police he 
hid done 12 tours of duty in 
Northern Ireland and had 
been unable to gel work since 
leaving foe Army two years 

The final straw, he said, was 
when gasmen “condemned 
my cooker. They said it was 
too old." In a rage, he started 
to shoot out lights in bis flat. 

Mr Charles Byers, for the 
prosecution, said that when 
police called at Routledge’s 
council flat in Durand Dose. 
Carshalton, south-west Lon- 
don. he threatened them with 
three air rifles, two air pistols 
and foe harpoon. 

Inspector David Manning 
and PC Kenneth Rosser 
calmed Routledge and rushed 
him before disarming him. Mr 
Byers said: “The action was 
extremely brave for they had 
no way of knowing whether 
the guns were real " 
Routledge. who lived with 
his wife and six children, four 
from a previous marriage, 
pleaded guilty to using an 
imitation firearm to resist 

Judge Michael Argyle. QC, 
remanded him in custody for 
six weeks for mental, meclical 
and other reports. 

Mr lan Goldsworthy, for 
foe defence, said Routledge. a 
former lance corporal in The 
Queen's Regiment, had left 
the Army with an exemplary 

He found civilian life diffi- 
cult to bear and felt “totally 
useless" without employmenL 
Judge Argyle commended 
foe two policemen's couraae. 

Care order on 
‘vice’ girl, 8, 
is extended 

^ -vvaifci . . . B rruwb . UK UUWilblj IUi 

. But thc New Scotfend Yard^ drags 1 to " ibe ■ “dcafcS on liier 
plan- suggests vmore;; ^m®dng “^.sticets: ^ ;; 
foat the, extra "in errare needed Qh the str e ets much of the 

- becau se- Londoff. stflt-dfoiF* kt 1 : WbHd "Wouldifenain ‘with local 1 
Jtost half of Britain's drqg officers . .jmcJ * their 
problems and that S3 per cent superintendents. . 

Blood stains as clue 
to cnnimals’ identity 

By Ronald Fans 

Blood stains will soon be as had been 
accurate as fingerprints in 
pinpointing foe identity of 
cfinnnal& l a forensic science 
conference at Stratchclyde 

University, Glasgow, was told 

NFU's opposition to any pro- 
foe Green 

posals to weaken 1 
Belts by establishing "mini- 
new towns" in foe South-east 
• The Queen is to sell her 
famous herd of cattle on the 
Sandringham estate, it was 
announced yesterday. 

The 160 Blue Grey sadder 
cows and calves wfll be auc- 
tioned on April 24. 

D’Oyly Carte 
may reopen 
with bequest 

By David Hewson 
Alto Correspondent 

The D’Oyly Carte Opera 
Company, which dosed _ m 
1982 because of financial diffi- 
culties, may be revived 
through foe wifi, of the Dame 
Bridget D’Oyly Carte, foe last 
of the musical family associat- 
ed with the .work of Gilbert 
and Sullivan. 

Dame Bridget, who died 
aged 77 last May, left estate 
valued at £5,439,571 (net), m. 
her will published yesterday. 
The residue of the estate wifi 
go to the opera trusLand could 
lead to its re&jmearance as a. 
Gilbert and Sullivan compa- 
ny, Sir Hugh Wontner, one of 
the trust's six trustees and foe 
estate’s executors, said 
yesterday. • 

Dame Bridget was foe 
granddaughter of Richard 
D'Oyly Orte who built. foe 
Savoy Theatre, which housed 
Gilbert and Sullivan's operas, 
and (bunded the Savoy HotcL 
She was a director of the 
Savoy, Oaridge’s and Berke- 
ley hotels and gave the D’Oyly 
Carte Opera Trust all her 
rights to the -Gilbert and 
Sullivan operas and- foe opera 
company’s . scenery, costumes 
and stage property, and foe 
original score of lokwihe. 

The exact amount that tire 
trust wifi receive from the 
estate will not be known -until 
the sale of Dune -Bridget's 
home, . Shrubs Wood .. at 
Obalfom $t Gfies, Bndqng- 
ham shire, which has jusijjeen 
put on foe market. 

• Or .Brian' Caddy, acting 

-head of foe university^ forest- r-c*--i — t imu 

sfo science unit, sakl improved been Uunted by the increasing 
tedmiqijesfofhwhlya^^ of the. police to 

reached in foe 

partnership between forensic 
science and crime detection. 

He said the sheer bulk of 
material collected by foe au- 
thorities, m. - particular the 
number of fingerprints, was 
formidable. However, the- ef- 
fectiveness of fingerprints had 

identification of Wood groups 
meant individuals 'could' be 
identified from a Wood stain. 

“We can now take certain 
Wochemicalnfostances which 
break down the nucleic acids 
present in . foe- human genes 
into units and types giving a 
biological • fingerprint," he 
said. The process had been 
mastered, and could soon be 
applied to forensic detective 

\ Mr Barry Price, chief con- 
stable of Cumbria, told the 
170 delegates from the medi- 
cal and legal professions and 
the police that a watershed 

compere prints found at the 
scene of a crime with foe 3.7 
mifiioD collection at the Na- 
tional Identification Bureau. 

“There has to be a most 
compelling case from the most 
notorious erf crimes before a 
foil search of the main collec- 
tion can be justified. It is 
rarely done." v 
• Mr Rice said that in a 
country- where crime and dis- 
order caused such concern, it 
seemed strange that the Gov- 
ernment was prepared to pay 
only abouf£13 million a year 
for a service ..which could nave 
a ter greater-impact. 

Couple’s arson attempt 
to get another home 

A couple who set fire to their 
home- -because they dfeffiked 
having old people for neigh- 
bours and wanted to move, 
were given 

Pauline Everett, who was sev- 
en mouths pregnant and 
Christopher Ledger left their 
fiat for two boars, knowing 
their elderly neighbours could 

be in danger « the flames 
foe Central Criminal 

.was tekL 

The couple toU police and 
firemen that the fire bad been 

admitted -putting matches to 
dofojng in a cupboard because 
they wanteed to move. Miss 
Elizabeth .Gmnbel, for the 
prosecution, said: "They dis- 
liked living in foe block be- 
cause it was fell of old people.” 

Everett, aged 21, ami Led- 
ger, aged 29, both unemployed 
and firing together in the same 
flat in Rotherfield Street, Is- 
lington, north London, admit- 
ted arson test September. 

JaiRag them both fix' win* 
months, suspended for two 
years, Judge Gerber safif it 
was their test chance. They 
could have brought death and 

started byanintruder^ot teter immy to innocent people. __ 

A care order on a girl aged 
eight, wbo is said to have 
mixed with prostitutes, was 
extended for a month 

The girTs parents made a 
brief appearance at Wolver- 
hampton Juvenile Court and 
did rot oppose then- daughter 
remaining m council care.- 
^Sbe was taken mtO carelaSt 
’month' after a ^ Wblverhamp-I 
ton council soliritor told foe 
court foal foe child had taken 
an “active interest" in foe vice, 
area of foe town. She had been while a prostitute was 
With a client 

£1000 reward 
for lost girl 

A man seen in an alleyway 
near where Sarah Harper dis- 
appeared has been traced by 
foe police and ruled out of 
their inquiries. 

Det Supf John Stainfoorpe 
said yesterday the man had 
been seen “peering” from an 
alleyway in Peel Street' Mor- 
ley. West Yorkshire, on the 
night Sarah Harper .aged- 10, 
went missing.. Meanwhile, a 
reward of- £1,000 has been 
offered by a local businessman 
in an effort to trace foe girl 

Groce hearing 


Lovelock, aged 42, 
unlawfully wounding Mrs 
Cherry Groce, had the case 
adjourned until May 22 at 
Bow Street Magistrates' Court 

Mrs Groce, aged 38. suf- 
fered spinal injuries and was 
paralysed after an alleg 
shooting incident during a 
police raid at her home at 
Normandy Road, Brixton, on 
September 29 last year. 

RAF get bird 
proof trainers 

Cockpit windscreens oh foe 
RAFs 170 Hawk jet trainers 
are being replaced to prevent 
accidents such as a bini strike 
that cost a pilot the sight of 
one eye. 

Sergeant is 
a woman 

WRAC Sharon Ley, aged 
23, from Dover, has become 
foe first woman sergeant tech- 
nician in foe Royal Corps of 
Signals after a. 12-momh 
course at Gmerick, North 
Yorkshire. . .2 . 


By Anthony. Bevins, Political CoiTespondent 

Mr Douglas Hurd, Home The draft directive proposes foe Commission has not yet 
Secretary, las decided to resist that each Community country made out a case that would 
Common Market Gommis- would be obliged to buy 30 per justify hv practice the promui- 
sion plans for harmonization cent of their non-news pro- gallon of Community legisla- 
of European television grammes from other Commit- tion on broadcasting liom 
programmes. • nity countries, with an Brussels. 

It is feared that creeping eventual 60 per cent target of 
uniformity by Brussels could European origin, 
result in faffing st andar ds. In 4 ' Loras debate test 
Senior Home Office sources month on . Television without 
cited the broadcasting of soft Frontiers, a Commission dis- 
porn on Italian late vision as cussion document published 

anerampte ofttafrroncern: in May 1984, Lord 1U.IVII VI . VIUUUUI over 
A draft Conrmission direc- Gtenajlhur, Parliamentary broadcasting." 
five Wbroadcastipg hanaoni- Undersecretary "df State 'at . The Green Paper said: “The 
zatiou ’ is - currently ‘ being the Home Office, saietthfli foe question is not whether this 
romadercd by ministers;' but Government iiad .“consider- ■ objective of the EEC Treaty 
;i^ Gaveroment^and Pariia- able -reservations'kabout^ foe -must be attained, but when' 
..Jjnptt&em qaqcted^Jtye it jl Bnjffieteproposs^- : L - -- ^ ^and at . what stage -of 
tfirmtebiriL -1 v ; ' He said: ,*TWe -believe .that integra tio n.” . . .. .. , 

“In foe long run, what most 
broadcasters in this country 
fear — and foe Government 
agrees with them — is that the 
Green Paper will be the.first 
step on a road towards central- 
ization of. control over 








































































































l . 





■ 11 . 


Mother to sue if costs 
of her case against 
s killer are not paid 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Albans Crown Court. He was be paid costs for preparing the 
found guilty of manslaughter case. 

The mother who privately 
prosecuted the drug pusher 
who killed her son and lost her 
battle for nearly £13.000 ex- 
penses. says she will sue Lord 
Haiisham* of St Maryfebone. 
Lord Chancellor, if her costs 
are not reimbursed. 

A grant to her by the Ross 
Me Whiner Memorial Trust, 
announced yesterday, is for an 
undisclosed sum. But Mr Nor- 
ris Me Whiner, whose twin. 
Ross, was murdered by the 
IRA in I «»75. said the grant “is 
clearly for hundreds rather 
than t housands of pounds" 

Mrs Pauline Williams, aged 
45. launched the only private 
prosecution this century to 
result in a manslaughter trial 
after the death of her son, 
John, aged 19. 

Last February, her three- 
and-a-hah'-year legal fight re- 
sulted in Gary Austin, aged -5. 
being jailed for 15 months at St 

3nd maliciously administering 
a noxious substance, the drug 
palfium. so as to endanger life. 

The conviction came after 
the office of the Director of 
Public Prosecutions. Sir 
Thomas Heihcringtnn. had de- 
cided not to prosecute Austin. 

And it was disclosed on 
Thursday that Sir Patrick 
May hew. Solicitor General, 
had tw ice told Austin in 19S3 
that he would not be prosecut- 
ed for manslaughter because of 
-alack of evidence. 

After the case. Mrs Wil- 
liams, of Whipperiev Ring. 
Luton, said she was awarded 
only £3.500 of the £16,500 
prosecution costs incurred. 

Last month Mrs Williams 
and her husband received a 
letter from Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher in which she said she 
regretted that the law did not 
allow a private prosecutor to 

Mrs Williams has written to 
Lord Haiisham explaining that 
she will charge £1 an hour for 
all the work she put into the 
case. She says people who find 
themselves in the same posi- 
tion may be deterred from 
bringing private prosecutions 
if at the end they cannot claim 

Announcing the trust's 
award yesterday. Mr 
Me Wh inter said that Mr and 
Mrs Williams had been invited 
to a dinner in the City of 
London to receive the award 
from Mrs Rosemary 
McWh inter, his brother’s 

Lord Denning, the former 
Master of the Rolls, who is 
president of the memorial 
trust, said yesterday he regard- 
td the award as “an excellent 

memory traps rapist 

A rapist was yesterday or- 
dered to pay £700 compensa- 
tion to his victim whose 
“remarkable photographic 
memory" trapped him. 

The cash award was made 
by Sir James Miskin. QC. 
Recorder of London, at the 
Central Criminal Court. 

Paul Richards, aged 23. an 
electrician, of Springfield es- 
tate. Gapton. was jailed for 
seven years when he admitted 
raping’a bank clerk aged 28 at 
her flat at Kenton. Middlesex, 
last October. He also admitted 
burgling her home and six 
other burglary offences. 

Mr Simon Evans, for the 
prosecution, said: “The wom- 
an was able, with her remark- 
able photographic memory, to 
recall every detail of his face.” 

She gave such a good de- 
scription that a life-like sketch 
of Richards was circulated and 
led to his arrest within days. 

Antony Robinson, a sculptor, of Stanton upon Hine Heath, Shrewsbury, with one of his hard ftreed stainles 
being placed on the roof of the Swan Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon (Photograph: Harry Kerr). 

stainless steel swans 

£2m plea in US 

American millionaires are 
to be asked to 'support an 
appeal to raise £2 million 
towards the acquisition of 
Lord Scarsdale's Kedleston 
Hall in Derbyshire by the 
National Trust. 

The trust believes the Amer- 
icans can make a large contri- 
bution to raise the money 
within 12 months. 

It was announced last month 
that the National Heritage 

Manorial Fund is contribut- 
ing £13.5 million towards 
Kedleston, Lord Scarsdale has 
made over the property plus 
£2.5 "»ni inn gad the National 
Trust has contributed £1 mil- 
lion. This still leaves a £2 mo- 
tion gap. 

Kedleston Hall is one of the 
grandest eighteenth-century 
bosses in England bnOt by 
Robert Adam for the Curzon 

Posters appeal 

Manchester City Council is 
to print 2,000 “wanted” post- 
ers with an artist's i repres- 
sions of two men. alleged to be 
police officers, who are said to 
have assaulted a former Man- 
chester University student 
Mr Steven Shaw, aged 23, 
claims that in February he was 
attacked in Longsight, Man- 
chester, by two men. They 
punched and kicked him, 
struck him in the chest with a 
bottle and burnt his cheek 

He said it was an attempt to 

Brittan” at the university in 
March last year when there 
were demonstrations against 
Mr Leon Brittan, then Home 

Mr Tony McCardeQ, chair- 
man of the council's police 
monitoring committee, said 
he believed that senior police 
were involvedina cover-up. 

Tyra death 
delayed by 

The inquiry set up by 
Lambeth council into the 
death of Tyra Henry, aged 20 
months, has been postponed 
because of a dispute over the 
membership of the inquiry 

The local government 
workers* union. Nalgo. has 
said it will not co-operate with 
the inquiry, which was due to 
start next Monday, unless 
changes were made to the 

It has demanded the inclu- 
sion of a practising social 
worker and the removal of one 
appointed member because, it 
claimed, she was also a mem- 
ber of the council's fostering 
and adoption paneL 

Mr Mike Waller, secretary 
of Nalgo's Lambeth council 
branch, said yesterday: “We 
are not chaffengmg the integri- 
ty of any panel member. But ft 
must be seen to be fair. lotallv 
independent and external to 
the council," 

Mr Waller said it was also 
essential that a social worker 
with direct experience of child 
abuse cases was included on 
the paneL ' 

Nalgo is now seeking an 
early meeting with council 
leaders aimed at resolving the 

The dead child's father, 
Andrew Neil, aged 20, was 
convicted of her murder last 
July and sentenced, to life 

tint the extra benefits 
Nissan Sunny Spirit, 
d up to over £1^400. 

The Nissan Sunny GS is no ordinary car. It is a very fully equipped quality saloon that even 
includes such items as tinted glass and a five-speed gearbox for which you would be charged 
extra by its major competitors. 

Now we have produced the new Sunny Spirit, which is a very special car indeed. 

Because we have taken value a stage further and, without increasing the price, added 
a luxury new interior and many items of equipment which, in the normal way, would cost 

to have fitted! 
There’s velour 

Nissan Sunny GS 
equipment includes: 

❖ 5-speed gearbox 

(around &160 extra on Escort L, Astra L, Maestro L, etc) 

❖ Tinted glass 

(around £50 extra on Escort L, Astra L, Maestro L, etc) 

❖ 2 Interior adjustable door mirrors 

❖ Interior boot release 

❖ Quartz analogue dock 

❖ 4-speed beater etc. 

And has a 3-year/lOO,0OO mile warranty 
for which the others will charge 
you up to £229. 

Yet the Sunny has a lower price than all three! 

Now we’ve added these features 
to the Sunny Spirit at no extra cost: 

❖ Velour upholstery 

❖ Stereo radio/cassette system 
❖Tinted glass sunroof (Britax) 

❖ Inertia reel rear seat belts 

❖ Colour keyed door mirrors r 

❖ Aerodynamic wheel trims JL 
❖Body pinstripes and 

chrome tailpipe 

Which would normally 
cost you £1048 to have 
fitted as extras. 

TUt and remove Britax sun roof. 

upholstery, a sun-root stereo cassette system, and so oil 

And we give you, at no extra charge, a guarantee that keeps 
you covered for 100,000 miles or three years - something the 
others will also charge extra for. So you can see straight away 
that the new Sunny Spirit gives you quite exceptional value with 

a total benefit to you 
of over £1400, and 
that’s before you talk 
to your dealer: 

All this extra 

A uto replay stereo cassette and ructia Value and it’s a 

pleasure to drive. The Sunny Spirit gives you genuine perform- 
ance and economy with the 15 litre 
coupe able to spirit you over 100 mph 
and the saloon, with the same engine, 
capable of over 53 mpg. 

The new Sunny Spirit range is at 
your Nissan dealer now - that’s the 
place to get the extra benefit 

-vx. uc - k . 

— |j SL ;*»» I:,„ 

vr" & 

I -r. 

- .T V . 

.. . .. "L 

limn y Spirits from £ 6096 . 





Decorative appeal 
of Old Masters 

By Geraldine Norman , Sale Room Correspondent 

s " 

A week before tbeir big 
spring sale of Old Master 
paintings, Christie's yesterday 
tried to find buyers tor about 
200 lesser quality Old Masters 
with only moderate success. 

The sale totalled £5 12JS4, but 
37 per cent was unsold. 

Most of the paintings were 
estimated in the £2,000 to 
£20,000 range and bidders 
demonstrated that, at this sort 
of price, their mam interest lay 
in decorative appeaL 

Religious or mythological 
paintings, unless they were 
exceptionally pretty .generally 
foiled to -impress- buyers. 

Almost every flower painting 
was sold, whatever its quality, 
although quite a lew land- 
scapes did not match me 
occasionally, inflated hopes of 
the sellers. 

The top price in the sale was 
£25,920 (estimate £8.000- 
£12,000) for an imaginary 
view of the city of Jerusalem 
by Monsu Desiderio, a painter 
of fantastic visionary scenes 
which are much in vogue. The 

same one 
£15,000) was paid for an Sin 
by 5fcin painting on copper 
attributed to Hendrik 
Avercamp, which depicts a 
peasant couple standing on ice 
wearing elaborate skates. Be- 
yond the frozen water, corpses 
swing from a gallows. 

It was one of three tiny 

scenes on copper 
bough! by the same dealer, all 
from the same source and 
attributed to Avercamp. It was 
also the most attractive, the 
others selling for £1 7,280 (esti- 
mate £7.000^10,000) and 
£7,560 (estimate £7,000- 

£10,000 j. 

-The top price for flowers 
was £20.520 (estitnarefS.OOQ- 
£8,000) for a stiff life pair of 
mixed flowers in sculpted 
urns, set in Itaffanate land- 
scapes, by Karel van Vogriaer. 

Wikien stein, the interna- 
tional dealers, scooped up an 
attractive view of Tivoli, at- 
tributed by Christie's to 
**Frajxrois. ; Boucher and 
Studio”, at £15, 120. 

According to die Christie’s 
catalogue, there are three 
known versions of the paint- 
ing and only one is considered 
a fully autograph work by 
Boucher. Mr Daniel 
Wildenstein has written a 
Boucher catalogue and it 
seems likely that he has a 
higher opinion of the painting 
than Christie's. 

Next week’s sale of Old 
Master paintings, including 
Goya's portrait of the “Man- 
quesa de Santa Cruz”, which 
could set a new auction record 
for a painting, goes on public 
view at Christie's from 2pm to 
5pm on Sunday and from 
930am to 4.30pm from Mon- 
day to Thursday. 

English juniors trail 
in Oakham chess 

By Harry Golombek, Chess Correspondent 

Pavel] Belatny, of Czecho- 
slovakia, and Csaba Horvath, 
of Hungary, shared the lead 
with two points each at the 
end of round two in the 
Oakham International Junior 

five English players, inter- 
national masters Stuart Con- 
quest and James Howell, and 
Neil McDonald, Ian Thomas 
and Chris Ward, are dose 
behind with one-and-a-half 

Two Scottish players, inter- 
national master Mark-Condie 

and Mark Bujgess, also have 
one-and-a-half points. 

The tournament, at Oak- 
ham School Rutland, Leices- 
tershire, sponsored by Mr 
John Jerwood, has produced 
high-quality play. Matches 
start ax 1 pm daily. 

A total of 42 players from 23 
countries are competing. 
Other players with one-and-a- 
half points after two rounds; 
Klinger (Austria), Marin (Ro- 
Kuczynski (Poland), 

Gafego . 




A proud tradition 
of Scots classics 

By Philip Howard 

Classical roots run deep in 
Scotland. The first recorded 

teaching of classics was at Ayr 
Academy In 1233. By 1592, 
there were three universities in 
Aberdeenshire, but only two in 
England. In this centnry, clas- 
sical education has been a 
staple diet in the schools and 
universities of Scotland. 

In a paper to a joint meeting 
of the Classical Association 
and the Classical Association 
of Scotland at Glasgow. Uni- 
versity, Dr G.P. Edwards dis- 
cussed Latin and Greek in the 
proud Scottish tradition. 

He produced splendid early 
verses in which Scottish schol- 
ars turned such mysteries as 
the new game of golf into 
Oridian elegiacs, or praised a 
famous Scots prolessor in 

The leading characteristics 
of the classics over eight 
centuries in. Ultima Thole 
have been hard work, a pawky 
sense of hnmOm- and (unlike. 
England) their dasstessness. 
This is an sold sang. But the 

Classical Association of Scot- 
land does not believe we are 
h earing the end of it. The 
instrumentation is changing. 
But harmonies like these are 
too good to lose. 

Dr Glenys Davies, of Edin- 
burgh University, conducted 
an enthralling Swann's Cruise 
of the approaches to the 

By close study of the iconog- 
raphy of monuments, she 
shows how some of the an- 
efents used the idea of a 
journey- that the dead took to 
the afterlife. 

It was an odd sort of 
journey. Sometimes they went 
by horse, sometimes by chari- 
ot- Some went by boat and 
others by eagle. And flights of 
angels winged .some of them to 
their rest. Even the ashes in an 
Etng can urn were etpripped 
with a pair of terra cotta boots 
for the death march. 

The length and the route of 
the joaraey 'are obscure. But 
the notion has a long ami 
interesting history. 





Campus battle over apartheid 

: »' *3- 
* *2 » ' 

C ' ' 


ive app 

.X «..7’ • 



m che* 




.. »’■ : 

■’ll* r* 

f* . ,'j? 


v.iJf 4 .*■' 

• ... V 


1- ' '‘ VV 

i-" ; \. f 

. I <4 **V 

aid to Contras renewed 

due to vote on the issue on 
ApnU5/ • 

The De 

Democrats are prepar- 
ing their own plan, layrnj 

The United States plans to 
“pply military advisers to th* 

. N^ragaan Contras if Cbn- 

authonrv^/w^*^ 11 ' “S toexr own pian, laying 

firodffib tte^SSf CSSf? strong emphasis oiranempied 
year Mii2SS?L , 5f r . 1 t s ***** negotiations over a 
White House 1 ^ specific period before, any 

l«n! £ inning the money is released. . ■ • . • 


be *° wi* jhe CoShas 

without undoubtedly strengthened the 

^wtart’^sis - 

creaie d the fighters ont of 
several rag. 

His defiant statement, that 

for $20 million in emergency 
military aid. 

'Both the Honduran claims 
and the strength of the US 
denial point to increased ten- 
sions between the two 

Many Honduran civilian 
and military leaders believe 
tbe de facto permanent US 
military presence is an affront 
to the country's territorial 
integrity. . 

The While House and the 
State Department said in 
statements that the Honduran 

several rapJao hnnrie -v * • — «i«* uaimicms uiai me nonouian 

1982 he was wining to mm Prest- claim “comes as a surmise lo 

« mtsm-si tsjSS sa-sffiiSa 

.... » miffion (£53 
minion) before Congress 
called a hah in mid- 1984 * 
Most of the guerrillas are-, 
based in Honduras, with 
smaller groups operating from 
the Costa Rican bonier to the 
south. Administration offi- 
cials say that American train- 
ing could take place in the 
• camps in Honduras, in-0 
Salvador, or in military bases 
in the US. * 

The programme is expected 
*® .he one 6f the 
Administration's priorities 
once mflhary aid begins 
flowing. ' 

The White House is expect- 
ed soon to presort a plan for 
military assistance to the 
Democrat-controlled House 
of Representatives, which is 

Contras' 1 , did not go down 

The idea of training tbe 
rebels in Honduras is likely to 

- raise eyebrows in Tegucigalpa, 
which has been moving to- 
wards a foreign policy more 
independent of the US. It has 
been enormously embarrassed 
by the .jnibticrty given, to 
recent military incursions by 

„ Nicaraguan - troops who have 
tried to root Contra bases 

- made Honduran' territory. 

■ The Whhe - House denied 
. assertions by a senior Hondu- 
ran official ' published - fa 
American newspapers on 
Thursday that the US had 
deliberately exaggerated the 
seriousness, of Nicaragua’s 
bord er raids and had pres- 
sured- Honduras into asking 

deviation from the facts and 
from tbe public and private 
position of the Honduran 

. Mr John Ferch, the US 
Ambassador to Honduras, has 
been instructed to seek clarifi- 
cation from President Azcona. 

According to tbe Stele De- 
partment, the Honduran 
official's statement was not 





\\ v . ^ 

Police storming barricades erected on 
the Berkeley campus of the University 
of California to join battle frith students 
protesting at the unhersiry's $2>f billion 
(£] billion) investment in companies 
doing business with South Africa. 

In what police described as the most 
violent demonstrations since the Viet- 

deared^by the President. Tbe 

naan War protests of the 60s, nearly 100 
arrests were made and 29 people injured 
(Ivor Daris writes from Los Angeles). 

An estimated 120 campus police aided 
by police from surrounding districts, 
broke through a group of protestors who 
had barricaded themselves behind rub- 
bish cans, clearing tbe way for buses 

carrying demonstrators arrested earlier. 

The anti-apartheid demonstrators 
buried bottles, rocks and eggs 
Tbe campus has been a hotbed of 
protest over South Africa's apartheid 
policies and Thursday's clash was the 
second time this week that police have 
bad to break op demonstrations. 

unnamed official said that 
Honduras had not felt that its 
security was endangered by 
the Nicaraguans. 

Honduras had asked for 
emergency military aid only 
after the American Embassy 
suggested that tbe US would 
welcome such a request. 

on pilots 

Aftermath of the TWA attack 

Behind the straggle, page 8 

Ortega’s warning of war with U S 

Tegucigalpa (Reuter) - 
President Ortega of Nicaragua 
has said that increasing Amer- 
ican support for the Contras 
fighting his Government 
could -lead 1 - lo war between 
Nicaragua and the U SL - 
Speaking by telephone from . 
Managua to Radio America in 
Tegucigalpa this week, Sefior 
Onega said Nicaragua bore no 
ill-feeling towards Honduras, 
which allows some 12,000 
Contras . to maintain 1 : bases 

“J do not believe war be- 
. tween Nicaragua and Hondu- 
ras will ever break out, but 
what could begin is a war 
between Nicaragua and the 
• United Stales,” he said. 

. He expressed “once again 
the position - of peace and 
friendship * which Nicaragua 
holds towards the people and 
Government of Honduras”. 

Last week about 800 Nica- 
raguan troops were reported to 
have crossed the border in a 
raid against Contra camps. 

Reagan Administration of- 
ficials claimed that a Sandinis- 
ta -force of 1,500 troops had 
invaded Honduras and imme- 
diately sent $20 million (£13 
million) in military aid to the 
Honduran Government- US 
helicopters also ferried Hon- 
duran troops to the border. 

Senor Ortega repealed that 
his army was trying to thwart 
an offensive planned by the 
Contras. Hie said there had 
been heavy fighting in the 
region in the past few weeks. 




Washington (Reuser) — The 
US .Airline Pilots Association 
urged pilots worldwide yester- 
day to boycott countries 
linked to terrorist acts such as 
Wednesday's attack on a 
TWa aircraft. 

The boycott will be formally 
proposed at a meeting of the 
International Airline Pilots 
Association in London on 
April 10, an ALPA spokes- 
man, Mr John Mazor said. 

He said safety had im- 
proved at many airports 
around the world after recent 
hijacks and bombings but was 
still inadequate in some 
places, with lax procedures for 
security screening of baggage, 
maintainance and catering 

FBI experts believe bomb 
was placed in lifejacket 

Chicago (UPI) - A gunman 
who killed bis landlord and a 
policeman and then look an 
elderly woman hostage played 
a “waiting game” with police 
here, saying he would not 
consider surrendering until 
after he had watched the film 
Baide of the Bulge on 

Police said that John Pasch, 
aged 57. who was behind on 
his rent, opened fire from his 
apartment window, killing the 
landlord and then a policeman 
who tried to help the landlord. 
He then darted next door and 
look the woman hostage. 

It appeared that the gunman 
h3d not injured his hostage, 
whose sister was believed to 
have fled unharmed out the 
front door of the building 
when he invaded through the 
back. But he apparently shot 
dead two dogs. 

The gunman, an unem- 
ployed machinist, was de- 
scribed by police as paranoid. 
“He thinks the house is 
bugged and that we have infra- 
redbeams aimed at him." He 
fired more than 30 shots at 
police as they tried to negoti- 
ate his surrender by telephone. 


American investigators sent 
Athens by the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation to 
assist the Greek police now 
believe that the bomb that 
damaged a TWA airliner, 
killing four of its passengers 
over Greece last Wednesday, 
had been concealed under seat 
number 10F. probably inside 
tbe lifejacket. 

“It was a plastic bomb and 
its impact bent the metal of 
the cabin floor downwards 
towards the luggage hold", a 
source dose to the investiga- 
tion told The Times. 

From Mario Modtano. Athens 

Judges sacked 
for drinking 

-. -Sidon (Reuter) • A Sunni 
■Muslim militia Jeada; Mr 
Mustafa Saad. saKt yesrerday 
•he was helping to wfadreedom 
-for the kidnayyed-Brmtihjotir- 
nalist Mr AlecCbllett : - .i&i 
*■ . -“l have become ^- mediator 
in the CoUett case because it is 
a- purely humanitarian issue 
mid because Coflett’sbeahfris 
in danger ” Mr Saad said after 
talking to Sir John Gray, the 
British Ambassador in Bonn. 

“We are seeking earnestly to 
achieve positive results,” said 
Mr Saad, chief of the Popular 
Liberation Army militia that 
dominates Sidon. 

Mr Collett, aged 65, was 
seized by gunmen near Beirut 
a year ago while <m a writing 
assignment for the UN Rem 
and Works Agency for. Pales- 
tinian refugees. • 

. Mr Saad said be also dis- 
cussed with Sir John the 
disappearance in Beirut last 
week of the British teachers 
Mr Leigh Douglas and : Mr 
Philip Padfield.: There has 
been no word of them. since 
they left a night club to walk 
home kite last Friday. British 
diplomats fear they have been 
been kidnapped. 

The Revolutionary Organi- 
zation of Socialist Muslims 
that holds Mr Ctillett, a dia- 
betic, said fast week it had 
asked Mr Saad to pass its 
conditions for his' release to 
Sir John. 

“We are now discussing 
with the Ambassador every 
new development: We have 
expressed willingness to help,” 
Mr Saad said. 

• BEIRUT: Frve militiamen 
of the so-called South Leba- 
non Army were . frilled or 
wounded yesterday when a 
roadside "bomb' exploded in a 
village near its headquarters in 
Maqayoun, security sources 
in Sidon said. The blast was 
followed by gunfire as Israeli 
troops and SLA militiamen 
began combing tbe area- 
In Td ' Aviv, security 
sources said, an SLA militia- 
man was killed and another 
wounded in an ambush while 
dismantling a land mine near 
the town of Bint JbeflL 

Mr Mazor said the TWa 
bomb could have been taken 
undetected through airport 
security devices. “No security 
device is 100 per cent effective 
100 per cent of the time.” 

A full list of countries which 
should be boycotted had not 
been drawn up, he said but 
sources said Libya, Syria, and 
Iran would probably be 

.• US officials claim all three 
countries have backed terror- 
ist groups whichhave carried 
out attacks- on Western 

Mr Mazor said ALPA 
would like to see the boycott 
expanded to include blacklist- 
ing by airport staff of planes 
from proscribed countries, 
with refuelling and 
facilities denied to them.' 

An earlier theory dial die 
explosion was due to a sort of 
limpet mine, attached to the 
wall of the aircraft, has now 
been discarded. 

The findings focused suspi- 
cion on the mysterious wom- 
an passenger who had 
occupied seat I0F on the 
plane’s flight from Cairo to 

Athens earlier that day. The 
passenger, identified by the 
Italian police as Mei Elias 
Mansur. left the TWA Boeing 
in Athens and b l h hours later 
boarded a Middle East Air- 
lines flight to Beirut. 

However, the Greek Gov- 
ernment yesterday denied any 
knowledge of the woman. 

Mr Karolos Papoulias, the 
Foreign Minister, told a news 
conference: “I do not know if 
Mansur is a terrorist, if she has 
left Greece, or if she was in 
transit here”. 

He said the Greek police 
should be allowed to complete 
their investigations and react- 
ed angrily when an American 
correspondent asked if Greece 
had a secret agreement with 
extremist groups to allow 
them safe passage through 
Greece. Mr Papoulias rejected 
the question as “an insult to 
Greece” and denied that such 
a deal ever existed. 

He insisted that the current 
investigation into the TWA 
bomb outrage was being con- 
ducted by the Greek police. 

“The American agents and 
Italian police officers are here 
as observers only.” he said 
The bodies of the four 
victims of the attack, which 
were recovered from a ravine 
near the town of Argos in 
southern Greece, have been 
brought to Athens for a post 
mortem examination before 
being sent to the US for burial. 

Abidjan (Reuter) — Ghana's 
ruling Provisional National 
Defence Council has removed 
top judges from office for 
corruption, drunkenness and 
incompetence. Accra radio 
said. It bad also dissolved the 
Judicial Council. 

Two High Court judges and 
a Circuit Court judge were 
dismissed for being cited in 
numerous fraud cases and two 
other judges were sacked for 
persistent drunkenness. 

Palace strike 

Their names were given as 
Mr Alberto Ospino. aged 39, 
from Stratford. Connecticut, a 
US citizen bom in Colombia; 
Mrs Dimitra Stylianopoulos, 
aged 52. and her daughter. 
Mrs Maria Kiug, aged 25, both 
with dual American and 
Greek citizenship; and the 
toiler's 8-month-old daughter 
Dimitra. all from Annapolis, 

Peres blames two PLO factions 

From Mohsin Ali, Washington 
Mr Shimon Peres, the Is- group which had carried ont 

Helsinki (Reuter) — The 
Finnish presidential palace 
has been shut by a strike that 
has forced President Koivisto 
into suburban premises. Staff 
walked out demanding pay 
rises of up to 20 per cenL 

Spain refuses 

Madrid (Reuter) - Spain 
has refused political asylum to 
Manuel Antonio Sanchez Pe- 
rez. a former Cuban official 
accused by Havana of trying 
to embezzle public money. 

Fatal slide 

raeli Prime Minister, In a 
television interview os Thnrs- 
day night, blamed two Pales- 
tinian guerrilla groups for the 
TWA bombing. 

Mr Feres said that a claim 
of responsibility by a group 
calling itself the Arab Revolu- 
tionary OUs was an attempted 

From what he knew, the 

the bombing had been tbe Abu 
Mussa Group, located in Syr- 
ia, under Syrian auspices, 
together with Abo NidaL 
Mr Peres said that Abu 
Nidal was connected with 
Libya, but he would be sur- 
prised if in that case the 
Libyans really played a role. 

_ He said he saw no connec- 
tion between the bombing and 

the Gulf of Sirte incident "I 
think they had planned it even 
before this.” 

• CAIRO: The Egyptian au- 
thorities confirmed yesterday 
that an Arab woman named 
Man so or boarded the TWA 
aircraft iu Cairo on Wednes- 
day, but disputed Italian 
claims that she may have been 
carrying a bomb (a Correspon- 
dent writes). 

Albertville. France (AP) — 
Four people; all members of 
the same family, died in the 
French Alps when a taige 
chunk of rock slid down the 
mountainside and crushed 
their car. 

Crime family 

ASItia Antal tighter firing greuadeg into Palestinian camps 
in Beirut yesterday. Recent dashes have lolled 30 people. 

American briefing lifts 
Israel’s peace hopes 

poll smear 

Linz, Austria (Reuter) 

Kurt Waldheim, the ft 

Second Nevada test 
will kill moratorium 

- From David Benistdit,Jaiisalten 
The Israeli Prime - Minister, would “contribute greatly to 

Israel's economy". 

Private burial 
for dissident 
Iran ayatollah 

Ayatollah - Muhammad 
Kazem Shariai-Madari, who 
died in a private hospital in 
Tehran on Thursday, is ex- 
pected to be given a private 
burial today in the holy city of 
Qom, where he had lived -and 
taught * since 1924 (Hazhir 
Teimourian writes). Tie had 
been suflfering from cancer 
According to his raznuy, he 
was offered a permit to seek 
treatment abroad, but refused, 
saying he wished to dis tuno ng 
his followers. Since December 
1979, when moderate Shias 
rose in -his support* and took 
Over • Tabriz; - foe - , capital - of- 
Azertaijanv for two days, he 

had been, under bouse rarresl 

and was forbidden to. receive 
bis followers. V ; J v 


Mr Shimon Feres, returned 
borne yesterday from, a brief 
vial- to the United States, 
cautiously optimistic after his 
talks with American officials 
that prospects for renewing 
tbe stalled Middle East peace 
process “may be slightly better 
than meets the eye”; - 

“I- believe that the US 
Secretary of State can help to 
move. 1 -forward- the existing 
negotiations as well as aid m 
the search' for additional 
openings,” Mr Peres said. He 
added that the Secretary of 
State, Mr George -Shultz, 
would be looking for an 
opportunity to visit the 

Mr Peres, who is riding an 
unprecedented wave .of popu- 
larity at the moment, with the 
latest poll in yesterday's Jeru- 
salem Post finding that 74 per 
cent of those asked approved 
of his performance as Prime 
Minister, dismissed criticism 
of his visit winch, he said. 

Reports reaching here from 
Washington during the visit 
indicated that he received a 
sympathetic hearing on 
Israel's economic needs. One 
direct economic result of the 
trip will be the release in the 
coming days of S375 million 
(£25ffmiI!iori) in US emergen- 
cy aid, half of tbe S750 million 
extra aid earmarked for Israel 
during the current fiscal year. 

Mr Peres also said earlier 
yesterday that he had received 
a “very serious, very positive 
response” to his idea for a $25 
billion “Marshall Plan" for 
the Middle East, under which 
the US and other Western 
industrialized nations would 
set up a fend to support pro- 
Western countries in the Mid- 
dle East whose regimes might 
be endangered over the neat 
decade by upheavals in the 
pon because of the drastic 
in oil prices. 

i — Dr 

UN secretary-general, said 
here today that allegations 
that be had belonged to Nazi 
groups or taken part in war 
crimes by Hitler’s army in tbe 
Balkans bad collapsed “like a 
pack of cards”. It was his first 
press conference since the 
storm broke a month ago. 

The charges were the result 
of a smear campaign against 
his candidacy m the Austrian 
presidential election on May 
4, he said. But later, in an 
interview with Reuters, Dr 
Waldheim said he had accept- 
ed invitations to join foe 
activities of a Nazi riding 
corps and a Nazi student 
group before the war in order 
to help “complete his 
studies”. “I bad a lot of 
trouble in finishing my 
studies,” he said. “So I said to 
myself. I can participate, and 
that would keep me there 
without being attacked 
without being suspicious in 
their eyes. It can’t do any 
harm. And so I participated.” 

He_ denied deliberately 
omitting from his curriculum 
vitae the years be served in the 
Balkans under Nazi General 
Alexander Lohr, who was 
executed for war crimes. 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 
The Reagan Administration would test tbe effects of 

is planning to conduct another 
underground nuclear weapons 
test in Nevada next week, 
almost certainly spelling the 
end of foe Soviet Union's 
eight-month moratorium on 
its own testing. 

President Reagan’s determi- 
nation to press on with the 
programme has been dramati- 
cally emphasized in a new 
request to Congress for a $1.9 
billion (£1.3 billion) pro- 
gramme to upgrade foe Neva- 
da test site over a period of 
years, to “maintain and 
improve” weapons for the 
nuclear stockpile. 

The precise nature of the 
test expected next week is 
secret, but Capitol Hill sources 
said in general terms that it 

nuclear explosion on 

Warheads for foe MX inter- 
continental missile and Tri- 
dent 11 submarine-launched 
missile will probably be 
among the items exposed to 
radiation to test how they 
might survive radiation given 
off by interceptors in foe new 
Soviet anti-ballistic missile 

.Although superpower rela- 
tions have been getting more 
tense oflate. the White House 
hopes the Soviet Union will 
offer next week a firm date 

Mr Anatoly Dobrynin, the 
Soviet Ambassador to Wash- 
ington, is to meet Mr Reagan 
on Tuesday, when an answer 
may be given. 

Optimism on summit 

Moscow — Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, foe Soviet leader, 
has emphasized that he is 
prepared io go w Washington 
for the next summit with 
Resident Reagan without pre- 
conditions, according to a 
visiting US politician (A Cor- 
respondent writes). 

Mr Dante Fascell, a Repub- 
lican Congressman, who has 
been meeting Soviet officials 

here for foe past week, told a 
press conference yesterday 
that Mr Gorbachov seemed 
confident (hat a meeting 
would take place. 

But Mr Fascell. bead of the 
Foreign Affairs Committee of 
foe House of Representatives, 
said he bad no idea when Mr 
Gorbachov would go to 

Lisbon budget 
by Opposition 

Lisbon — Tbe final version 
of Portugal's ^ 1986 budget was 
passed by Parliament yester- 
day morning after discussions 
which lasted all night (Martha 
de la .Cal writes). • 

Only the Communists vot- 
ed against,; but several impor- 
tant changes were made to foe 
budget "by the Opposition 
parties— tbe Socialism-Com- 
munists and Democratic Re- 
newal Party — from the 
' by foe mi- 
vernroem of foe 
Democrat- Prime Min? 
ister, Setfoor.Cavaco Silva. 

- The Social Etemocrais hold 
only 88 of foe 250 seats in : 
Parliament and- -getting foe 
budget', passed., without . too 

jnsmy.changfcs represented.^', 

test -of hStnMtgfoj \ 

non 1 

Kabul softening raises peace hopes 

From Zariana Pysariwsky 

New York 

A new round of indirect 
talks between Pakistan and 
Afghanistan is totake (force in 
Geneva next month, sfenalfiug 
a breakthrough in tbe Afghan- 
istan peace process. 

Tbe United Nations an- 
nouncement cones after a 
pledge by Kabul to negotiate 
without preconditions the cru- 
cial issue of Soviet withdrawal 
Setter Diego Cwdovez, foe 
UN mediator, said foe im- 
paste over bow to conduct 
negotiations on withdrawal of 
Soviet troops had been over- 
came, and foe format of foe 
pterions six roods of talks 

Since Afghanistan had been 
insisting on tfireef talks rifo 
Pakistan -on a time frame for 
foe withdrawal, foe agreement 

on more indirect talks marks a 
signif i ca n t policy reversal by 
Kabul hi taking a less rigid 

It has prompted speculation 
that tbe Soviet Union, after 
dropping heavy hints in recent 
mouths that it was interested 
in a graceful way out of foe 
Afghan quagmire, is now fa- 
ded ready to see serious 
negotiatkms begin. 

In his address to foe Soviet 
Party Congress in February, 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov ad- 
mitted that the war was bleed- 
ing Moscow. Bat diplomats 
cautioned against undue opti- 
mism, saying foe real test of 
Soviet intentions would begin 
on May 5, when foe Geneva 
talks go into a two to three- 
week session, - 
.In addition^ to foe. amide 
opportnnity for Soviet prevari- 

cation over a timetable, foe 
diplomats said, foe question 
■remained whether Moscow's 
interests fa haring a compliant 
regime in Kabul after a settle- 
ment could be reconciled with 
American insistence on a neu- 
tral Afghanistan. 

Political and military ana- 
lysts pointed ont that stability 
after the withdrawal seemed 
impossible, given the military 
and emotional investment of 
foe mujahidin 

Nevertheless, Setter Cord- 
ovez said foe break fa foe 
deadlock over foe format, 
which had stalled the Geneva 
talks for almost a year, showed 
that the political wQl needed 
for a settlement was very much 
fa evidence. 

He said sceptics would be 
forced to reassess their views 
w be accused of “sour grapes”. 

He confirmed reports that 
Afghanistan had handed him a 
timetable for Soviet withdraw- 
al which Pakistan saw as a 
basis for further negotiations. 

But foe drafting of the 
agreement on all aspects of a 
settlement was ultimately up 
to him, he said. Since 1982 foe 
proximity talks have been 
raider UN auspices, and it has 
secured broad agreement on 
three issues: an end to outside 
interference on both sides, foe 
return of refugees, and Inter- 
national guarantees of a settle- 
ment by Moscow and Wash- 

As well as proving to Mos- 
cow foe bard way that Afghan- 
istan is unconquerable, the 
invasion has been a diplomatic 
albatross, causing incalculable 
damage to Soviet relations 
with foe Third World. 

doubts on 
UN plan 

Boston (AFP) — A court 
here sentenced a Mafia leader, 
Gennaro d'AugiuIo, aged 67, 
to 45 years in prison and fined 
him $120,000 (about £80.000) 
for organizing illegal gambling 
dens. Three of his brothers 
were given prison terms rang- 
ing up to 25 years. 

Bomb reward 

By Nicholas Ashford 

Diplomatic Correspondent 

President Kyprianou of Cy- 
prus is due in London tomor- 
row for talks with Mrs 
Thatcher on the latest United 
Nations plan to reunite the 
divided eastern Mediterra- 
nean island. 

He is expected to tell the 
Prime Minister on Monday 
afternoon that the Greek Cyp- 
riots have strong reservations 
about aspects of the plan, 
particularly those dealing with 
the withdrawal of Turkish 
troops from northern Cyprus, 
the guarantees for a settlement 
and the freedom to move, 
settle and own property 
throughout the island. 

The new plan, the third 
since Senor Javier Peres de 
Cuellar, the UN Secretary- 
General, launched his settle- 
ment initiative in 1984, was 
presented to the Greek and 
Turkish Cypriots on Saturday. 
They have until April 21 to 

President Kyprianou dis- 
cussed the latest plan with Mr 
Andreas Papandreou. the 
Greek Prime Minister, in 
Athens earlier this week. Mr 
Papandreou is understood to 
share the Greek-Cypriot 
leader's reservations. They are 
due to meet again on April 16. 

Britain, which has residua) 
responsibilities towards Cy- 
prus as a guarantor power, is 
anxious to see a settlement of 
the long-running problem, 
which has provoked serious 
tensions between two mem- 
bers of Nato, Greece and 

So are the Americans. Both 
are understood to be backing 
the latest UN initiative. 

. Greece and the Greek-Cyp- 
riois are concerned that they 
may forfeit British and Ameri- 
can support if they reject the 
latest UN proposals. 

But it would be politically 
impossible for them to accept 
a deal that does not contain a 
clear timetable for the with- 
drawal of Turkish troops from 
the island. 

Melbourne (AP) — Victoria 
has raised its reward for the 
capture of the car bomber of a 
Melbourne police station to 
nearly £250.000 in an attempt 
to find new leads into the 
terrorist-style attack on March 
27 that injured 21 people, 1 1 
of them police officers. 

Run for peace 

New York (AP) — An 
opportunity to carry the torch 
during what is being called the 
firat Earth run for peace is 
being offered to the public at a 
charge of $500 (about £530) a 
kilometre. Tbe run around the 
world begins here in Septem- 
ber when the torch will be lit at 
the UN. 

Cohn sued 


Washington - Mr Roy 
Cohn, foe tough-talking chief 
aide of Senator Joseph Mc- 
Carthy during foe communist 
witch-hunt of foe 1950s, who 
is being sued for $7 million 
(about £4.6 million) by the 
American tax authorities. Mr 
Cohn says he has liver cancer. 

Barge sunk 

Hamburg (Reuter) - One 
man died and another was 
missing, feared dead, after a 
Czechoslovak tug was in colli- 
sion here with a harbour barge 
which sank. 

Bonner return 

According to reports in the i 
Greek-Cypnoi press, the new) 
plan bears many similarities 
to the earlier plans submitted 
in January and April last year. 

Newton, Massachusetts 
(Reuter) — Mrs Yelena Bon- 
ner has told her husband, the 
dissident Soviet physicist. Dr 
Andrei Sakharov, during a 
telephone call that she will 
return to the Soviet Union by 
the end of May. 

































































































Aquino takes 
up offer of 
dialogue with 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

A Philippines Govenimeni proposal arrived in the mail 

emissary, to be chosen by 
President Aquino, will begin 
"in a few days" exploratory 
ceasefire talks with leaders of 
the country’s 17-year-old 
communist insurgency, a pal- 
ace spokesman said \esterday. 

“We still have to name the 
emissary and agree on the 
lime and place for the 
dialogue**. Mrs Aquino's 
spokesman. Mr Rene 
Saguisag. said. “But I hope we 
can get things going in a few 

The presidential palace an- 
nouncement came just hours 
after it received a two-page 
statement from the National 
Democratic Front (NDF), a 
left-wing umbrella group, de- 
claring its readiness to bi^pn a 
preliminary dialogue on 
ceasefire terms. 

The statement was the same 
document earlier sent to news 
agencies and journalists after a 
secret meeting on Manila's 
northern outskirts on March 
24 between a ranking NDF 
leader. Mr Antonio Zumel. 
and local reporters. 

Membership of the NDF 
includes the Communist Party 
of the Philippines and its 
military' wing, the New 
People's Army. 

In a follow-up communique 
10 days ago. Mr Zumel com- 
plained that "until now. no 
approaches, formal or infor- 
mal, direct or indirect, have 
been made by the 
government", and repealed 
the Front's unprecedented 
peace offer. But Mr Saguisag 

the Government had received 
no formal communique, and 
therefore could not officially 
act on the peace talks 

In line with her election 
campaign pledge, Mrs Aquino 
last month called on the rebels 
to lay down their arms and 
join her in national reconcilia- 
tion efforts. 

Despite the peace overtures, 
the estimated 16,000 guerillas 
had continued operations na- 
tionwide with over 360 people 
killed in dashes with govern- 
ment troops during the five 
weeks Mrs Aquino has been in 

Although the communique 
listed no conditions for the 
preliminary ceasefire talks. Mr 
Saguisag said long-standing 
Communist demands for the 
dismantling of US military 
bases in (he country could not 
be part of the negotiations. 

He said the Aquino Gov- 
ernment is committed to hon- 
our its agreement with 
Washington, which allows the 
bases to remain in the country 
until 1991. Mrs Aquino has 
said she is keeping her “op- 
tions open" after that date. 

The rebels also are unlikely 
to surrender their weapons 
and would like to see the 
replacement of the Defence 
Minister. Mr Juan Ponce 
Enrite. and the Armed Forces 
chief General Fidel Ramos. 

The communists remain 
suspicious of both men. de- 
spite their leadership of the 
military revolt because of 

Paris refuses to reveal its 
hand over jailed agents 

The French Government 
says that ii is “studying 
closely" the latest comments 
by Mr David Lange, the New 
Zealand Prime Minister, on 
the fete of the two French 
agents imprisoned for their 
pan hi the Greenpeace affair, 
and on New Zealand's “im- 
placable opposition" to the 
continuation of French nucle- 
ar tests in the South Pacific 
The new right-wing Gov- 
ernment has made negotia- 
tions on the release of the two 
agents one of its priorities. 

From Diana Ccddes, Paris 

During his election campaign 
last month. M Jacques Chirac, 
the new French Prime Minis- 
ter. said that if New Zealand 
did not exercize its right to 
grant an amnesty to the two 
officers, it would mean that it 
had “placed itself in the camp 
of the adversaries, even the 
enemies ofFrance, and it must 
then draw - the necessary 
consequences'*. . 

Mr John MacArthur, the 
New Zealand Ambassador to 
Paris, was called in for talks 
with the French Minister of 

Low-key NZ response 
on French pressures 

From Richard Long, Wellington 

The Government here delib- 
erately responded In low key 
yesterday to comments by M 
Michel Non-, the French For- 
eign Trade Minister, about 
pressures that might be pat on 

apparent trade sanctions 
a gainst New Zealand by the 

“We are fact-finding,** Mr 
de Ctewq sakL“We have 
asked the new (French) Gov- 

A chemist in Milan analysing Barbers wine for its methyl alcohol content Fifteen people 
have died in northern Italy in the past three weeks after drinking contaminated wine. 

Italy’s alcohol scandal 

Wine dope distillery found 

New Zealand over the Rain* eminent to give all the infor- 
bow Warrior affair. matron we need to find what Is 

complained that until Thurs- their long association with the 
day morning, when the NDFs discredited Marcos regime. 

US will help find 
Duvalier fortune 

Port-au-Prince (Reuter) — Mr Abrams said he had 
The US Assistant Secretary of come on a two-day. fact- 
State for Inter-American Af- finding visit "to see first-hand 

fairs. Mr Elliot Abrams, yes- 
terday offered American help 
to Haiti in its efforts to 
recover ex-President Jean- 
Claude Duvalier' s fortune. 

“We want to and we will 
(help) in every way we can," 
he said at the end of a fact- 
finding trip. 

He said that Lieutenant- 
General Henri Namphy. pres- 
ident of the interim National 
Council, had been very clear 
about the Government's de- 
sire to get the money back. 

But Mr Abrams said that 
tracing and recovering the 
Duvalier money would be 
harder than finding that of 

what has been accomplished 
to date", and to meet and 
review with Haiti's new lead- 
ers all that country's needs. 

He said Haiti's new leaders 
needed a modernized and 
professional "new military to 
maintain order". He said be 
would recommend the grant- 
ing of American aid to train 
Haitian forces. 

Praising the revolution 
which ousted Jean-Ctaude 
Duvalier, Mr Abrams said: “It 
will take time to create a new 
system of government and 
repair the damage of 29 years 
of despotic rule." 

He added: “A lasting de- 

Froxn John Earle, Rome 

Italian inspectors have dis- The two ministers rejected 
covered a distillery of methyl calls for their resignation from 
alcohol with a store of 261 the small opposition Radical 
tonnes apparently available Party. But they admitted that 
for distribution to the wine- a severe blow had been dealt 
making industry. Signor to an important centre of 
Costante Degan, the Health Italian agriculture. Reports 
Minister, told the Chamber of from Bonn say that West 
Deputies yesterday. Germany has imposed a ban 

He was replying to ques- on Italian wine imports, 
lions on the adulteration of The official Italian gazette 
wine which has so far led to 1 5 has decreed that wine produc- 
deaths and the arrest of six ers must attach to each con- 
people: four allegedly in- signment a certificate of its 
voNed in the distillery and chemical content 
two wholesalers. The Government has 

He and the Minister of named 31 firms whose prod- 
Agriculture, Signor Filippo ucts the public is advised to 
Pandolfi. defended the work avoid. Four of these are under 
of their ministries, saying judicial investigation, while 
240,000 hectolitres of adulter- analysis of the products of 1 I 
ated wine had been seized, others shows a higher cbemi- 
Out of 1.103 samples of wine cal content than permitted by 
examined. 7 per cent con- law. The products of the rest 
tained methyl alcohol above are still being analysed, 
the permitted level But the authorities cannot 

avoid. Four of these are under 
judicial investigation, while 
analysis of the products of 1 1 
others shows a higher chemi- 
cal content than permitted by 
law. The products of the rest 
are still being analysed. 

But the authorities cannot 

yet claim that the situation is 
under control for in 24 hours 
16 people have been taken to 
hospital in the north of Italy. 

On paper the consumer is 
well protected. Signor 
Pandolfi told Parliament that 
the maximum amount of 
methyl alcohol permitted in 
Italy is lower than that al- 
lowed in France. 

• BERNE: Swiss authorities 
have seized 40.000 litres of 
Italian wine containing high 
levels of methyl alcohol, the 
federal health office said yes- 
terday (Reuter reports). 

The Barbers wine was im- 
pounded in the canton of 
Ticino after it came across the 
border from Italy by train. 

Swiss customs officials have 
been ordered to notify canton- 
al authorities of any imports 
from the Piedmont region. 

bon Warrior affair. 

Mr Darid Lange, die New 
Zealand Prime Minister, who 
has been sending feelers to 
Paris indicating that New 
Zealand would like to improve 
relations, refused to make any 
comment In reply. The Over- 
seas Trade Minister, Mr Mi- 
chael Moore, similarly 
declined to comment, beyond 
saying that New Zealand was 
taking action under GATT 
(the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade) about 
French trade bans and css- 
toms delays, mainly in respect 
of the export of sheep brains 

really happening, rot on the 
of press reports bat of 
real facts- And. we are expect- 
ing a dear stand, from the 
French Government," he told 
a press conference. 

But while Mr de Clercq was 
on willing to express the 
Community 7 s opposition in 
principle to trade sanctions, be 
did indicate that the Commu- 
nity would be nneqravocai 
about France’s obligations un- 
der GATT. 

“We were asked by the New 
7 j»afaiiii Gove rnment to 

Foreign Affairs. M Jeac-Ber- 
narrf Rahnond within . five 
days of the fatierj* 

For the time being, howev- 
er, the Government is Echo- 
ing to reveal its hand, 

- Asked in a Preach radio, 
interview on Thursday sign 
what steps the Government 
was considering to put pres- 
sure oh New Zealand, . M 
Michel Noir, - the Foreign 
Trade Minister, referred tothe 
“discreet" measures already 
taken by the previous Govern- 
ment regarding restrictions on 
die importation of New Zea- 
land sheep brains, wod and 
fish, but gave no faint of what 
further measures The new 
Government might have in 

M Edouard Leckrc. owner 
of one of the biggest French 
supermarket chains; an- 
nounced earlier this week that 
he would do longer bay any 
products of New Zealand 
origin, as long as .the two 
French agents remained . in 
prison in New Zea l a n d, arid 
called on other supermarket 
chains to follow Iris cxatnjfe. 

- Captain Dominique Pneur - 
and Major Alain Mafart who 
were sentenced in October in 
New Zealand to ten gears’ 
imprisonment: far then: - in- 
volvement in the sinking _of 
the Greenpeace boat. Rain- 
bow Warrior, -have always 
been , regarded here as two 
French officers who wrae am- 
ply carrying out orders and 
who shook! therefore never 
have been jailed. 

Mr Lange is thCrefore rigbt 
to suspect that if the --two 

into discussions within the agents were sent home, ft 
framework of GATT. We are would be to a heroes' welcome 

and wooL framework of GATT. We are would be tou heroes' welcome 

A European Commissioner, ■ contracted, we belong to the -rather than to serve the rest of 
Mr Willy de Clercq. in New GATT system. We believe we their, sentences m France, 
Zealand for talks, said that the should strengthen the which he has made dear he . 
EEC was already investigating system,** he said. could nor accept, '■ 

Labelling move blocked in EEC 

former President Marcos of mocracy in which elections 
the Philippines because the are meaningful must rest upon 

US had access to some of Mr 
Marcos's documentation, but 
not to that of Mr Duvalier. 

Several foreign law firms 
have offered the Haitian Gov- 
ernment iheir services in trac- 
ing and recovering the vast 
amount of money alleged to 
have been embezzled by Mr 
Duvalier, who was toppled in 
February, and by his father 
and predecessor, Francois Du- 

a firm foundation." Respect 
for human rights, free trade 
unions and freedom of the 
press were essential ingredi- 
ents, he s ? 

The US had already provid- 
ed nearly $60 million (£40 
million) this fiscal year, in- 
cluding an emetgpncy ship- 
ment of wheat last month and 
another shipment of wheat 
and oil which Mr Abrams said 
was “on the way". 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

Italy recently blocked at- food institute at Zeist in The 
tempts by the EEC to ensure Netherlands had told him it 
detailed wine labelling which was willing to test all EEC 
might have avoided the deaths wines for dangerous sub- 
of Italians who drank adulter- stances at minimal cosl 
ated wine, according to a But at a meeting of an EEC 
British Conservative MEP. working group on the labelling 

Mr Edward McMillan-Scott of alcohol held on March 5 
said the EEC was now moving this year the Italians had 
to clamp down on wine pro- blocked agreement, arguing 
ducers who used cheap addi- that no decisions could be 
lives. But such proposals had adopted until the EEC had 
been put forward in 1983, and agreed on definitions of all 
action should have been taken ingredients, 
last autumn to ensure proper Mr McMillan-Scott last No- 
labelling when an anti-freeze vember called for action over 
ingredient was found in Aus- the Austrian scandal in the 
trian wines. European Parliament and has 

Mr McMillan-Scott said the tabled a resolution calling for 

Patient Madrid coi 
gets wrong on wreck 

heart From Harry D 

St Louis (AP) — A donor Railway employees at one 
heart delivered to St Louis by of Madrid's main stations fled 
US Air Force jet fighter has in panic as passengers, an- 
been implanted in a Missouri gered by delays to services, 
man whose body was rejecting went on the rampage, wreck- 
an earlier transplant that did jng the station's installations 
not match his blood type. and damaging carriages and 
A spokesman at Barnes other equipment. 

condition in intensive care SnIS 

after undergoing his second 

transplant in less than two 

weeks. His name is not being 1 

disclosed were nested. l nun services 

The patient had been in 

serious but stable condition hamSSS^ 

since he received a donor Madnd station, Chamarun. 

heart of the wrong blood type The trouble began when 
on March 21. commuter passengers on a 

In the first transplant, a train which had already been 

VS ' 

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swestment £10.000. 90 days' nonce or «nmaflttte wttMrawai with tossot 90 cays’ 
merest. Monthly income avatabte at 0.5% teas than cunem raw. 

Super 60 

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all EEC wine labels to state 
clearly the country of origin, 
alcoholic strength and all ad- 

Present EEC law allows the 
following additives: potassi- 
um tartrate, potassium bicar- 
bonate and calcium carbonate 
(north European wines), tar- 
taric acid (Mediterranean 
wines), sugar (Trench wines), 
grape must ( Italian wines), 
and in all cases sulphur, sorbic 
acid, diammonium phos- 
phate, ammonium sulphate, 
thiamin hydrochloride, citric 
acid, potassium bitartrate, 
tannin, copper sulphate and 
carbon dioxide. 

Madrid commuters go 
on wrecking spree 

From Harry Debelins, Madrid 

Girl hurt 
by shell 

From Frank Johnson 

The six-year-old daughter of 
a British soldier was critically 
ill in a West German hospital 
yesterday after being hit in the 
bead by shrapnel from an 
American army shell while 
walking near a Nato training 

Emma Boughey, of 
Downend, Bristol, was walk- 
ing at M unsterbger. near Han- 
over, on Thursday with her 
brother, sister, cousin and 
grandmother when shrapnel 
bum from a treetop, shower- 
ing the family. 

Emma's ; brother aged solid fad booster rocket is the 

12, asterSarah, aged 10, and prime suspect for the expJo- 

cousin Phihp Sinclair, aged — "n — 

13, suffered slight injuries to -*71 ' w 

their hands, legs and feet. The H/VOIfl 
grandmother, Mrs Brenda A-'AttUI VlftO 

Dawson, suffered shock. Bntl/tlo/lc 

West German soldiers gave 
them first aid and took them 
to a barracks where they were 
treated by an army doctor 
before being taken to a civilian 
hospital at Soltau. Emma was 
later transferred to a larger 
hospital in Hanover. Doctors 
performed an emergency op- 
eration . 

From Mohsm AS, Washington 

Senator Jake Gam, who 
flew on the shuttle Discovery 
in April 1 985, has said that he 
was aware long before the fatal 
Challenger explosion earlier 
this year tint any problems 
with booster rocket seals 
would result in catastropfay. 

The Utah Republican Sena- 
tor. answering questions on 
f .\ Thursday, said that he was “a 
01 I tittle bit surprised” by testi- 
monies from astronauts who 
had told tiie presidential com- 
mission investigating the 
Challenger tragedy that they 
were unaware of such a poten- 
tial for disaster. 

A leering seal in the right 
solid fad booster rocket is the 

sion which destroyed the 
Challenger and killed its crew 
of seven soon after launch on 
January 28. . - . 

Senator Gam said that Nasa 
never issued a specific warn- 
ing about rocket seals, but he 
observed that “they certainly 
told- me in my training as a 
lowly payload specialist tftstif 
there was a failure it tikdy 
would be in ir (rocket) joint’*. 

Chteftistronaut John Yonng 
and other astronauts this week 
ieroznn)cndrfto 4 he commis- 
sion that all shutties tand at 
Edwards Air Force Base,' Cali- 
fornia, instead of the Kennedy 
Space Centre. Florida, to re- 
duce the risk .of landing 

Exam clashes lead to 
Bangladesh curfew 

A curfew was damped on 
the Bangladesh town of 
Magura after three people 
were killed and more than 55 
injured in dashes between 
police and students on Thurs- 
day, officials said yesterday. 

A spokesman for the British ,™ trouble came only a day 
Aimyofibe Rhine said yester- after ano ther town,. S yton. 

Railway employees at one 
ofMadrid's main stations fled 
in panic as passengers, an- 
gered by delays to services. 



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Pteaae send hit informaaon about Town a CoixiByacco una . rt - C3USC AtdS. 

! not match his blood type. 

A spokesman at Barnes 
Hospital here said the 47-year- 
old patient was in critical 
condition in intensive care 
after undergoing bis second 
transplant in less than two 
' weeks. His name is not being 
| disclosed. 

The patient had been in 
serious but stable condition 
since he received a donor 
heart of the wrong blood type 
on March 21. 

In the first transplant, a 
heart of blood type B was put 
in the patient, who has type A 
blood. The typing error was 
made at the Texas hospital 
where the donor heart came 
from, a spokesman said, refus- 
ing to identify the hospital. 

The first transplant was 
| almost completed when St 
j Louis hospital officials learnt 
1 that the heart was from a 
person with a different blood 
type. Doctors had no choice 
, but to complete the 
operation. the spokesman said. 

Threat of Aids 
grows in 

Oslo — • Aids is spreading 
through Scandinavia at a rate 
comparable to the United 
States and other countries 
where the disease is consid- 
ered a serious threat to public 
health, according to a Norwe- 
gian specialist (Tony Samstag 

Dr Stig Froeland. of the 
Rikshospitaiet in Oslo, esti- 
mates that 2.000 Norwegians, 
of a population of four mil- 
lion, have been infected by the 
HTLV-3 virus thought to 

intermittent work stoppages 
by national rail employees 
lasting between two and 24 

A railway spokesman said 
considerable damage was 
done. Windows and furniture 
were broken, arrival and de- 
parture screens shattered and 
control equipment at a switch- 
ing tower wrecked. The com- 
muters also pushed luggage 
trolleys on to the tracks to 
block other trains and vandal- 
ized the interior of railway 

The line affected by the 
delay connects the centre of 
Madrid with several towns to 
the south of the capital many 
of whose residents make up 

delayed were told to get off much of the city’s labour 
and board another train which force. Repeated delays on the 

was then also delayed. Rail 
commuters had already been 

subjected to several weeks of and sit-ins. 

same line last summer led to 
demonstrations by passengers 

day that the girl was “very 
seriously ill". Emma's father. 
Corporal Brent Boughey, is 
serving with the 32 Armoured 
Engineer Regiment. RE ME, 
stationed at Munsteriager. 
Mrs Dawson was visiting the 
Boughey family with Philip 
during the British Easter 
school holidays. She was later 
released from hospitaL 

The shell was a 155mm 
howitzer type fired by a US 
artillery brigade from West 

Peking fear 

Peking (Reuter) — The Chi- 
nese leader, Deng Xiaoping, 
has told President Radovan 
VlajkovicofYugoslavia that it 
would be a disaster for man- 
kind if his country went 
capitalist or started threaten- 
ing other nations. 

northern Bangladesh, was also 
placed under curfew after 
dashes involving students. 
The officials in Magura. 

From Ahmed Fazi, Dhaka 
damped on The town's chief admidis- 
town of trator said the clashes started 
hree people when police tried to stop 
note than 55 people supplying answers to 
tes between students during a graduation 
its on Thurs- examination. A crowd at- 
yesterday. tacked the police, burned gov- 
ae only a day ernment vehicles and 
n, Syrnet, in ransacked the bouse of the 
esh. was also police chief, 
urfew after On Wednesday a curfew 
students. was imposed on Sylbet after 
in Magura. students from a technical col- 

about 150 miles west of lege clashed with residents. 
Dhaka, said two of those One person died. The curfew 

killed in Thursday's dashes 
were students. Two policemen 
were still missing after the 
violence, during which police 
fired more than 100 rounds 
and used batons to disperse an 
angry crowd 

was relaxed yesterday. 

• Storm deaths: At least 10 
people were killed and 100 
injured in a hailstorm that 
struck three districts of central 
Bangladesh on Thursday, ac- 
cording to press reports. - 

Pilot mistakes airport 

Los Angefes (UPI) — Feder- - Thursday. The jet — its feud- 
al officials are tiyipg to deter- ing gear lowered and flaps 
mine how a United Airlines down — skirted the Haw- 

mine how a United Airlines 
Boeing 747 en route to Inter- 
national Airport almost made 
a potentially disastrous land- 
ing at the small Hawthorne 
airport. The Los Angeles 
Times reported yesterday. 

The incident occurred last 

down — skirted the Haw- 
thorne runway before banking 
away from it sharply. 

A jet the size of a 747 could 
not have landed safely: at 
Hawthorne, a Federal Avia- 
tion Administration spokes- 
man said. 

Seoul President’s UK visit key to co-operation 

Fmm flariil Ui’qHg Cannl . 

From David Watts, Seoul 

When President Chtui Doo now. They have a great manu- 

AHhough only 20 have de- 
veloped the disease, the num- 
bers are doubling every six 
months and Dr Froeland ex- 
pects the total to reach at least 
11500 by 1990. 

Hwan of South Korea arrives 
in Britain on Monday for the 
first visit by a Korean head of 
state he will be opening the 
way for what both countries 
see as a unique opportunity for 
industrial co-operation. 

A series of unrelated factors 
coincides this year to give 
Seoul an opportunity to break 
out of its trade and technologi- 
cal dependence on Japan and 
the United States and to 
, provide Britain with the 
i chance of joining in South 
' Korea's development as it 
rises to challenge Japanese 
dominance on world markets. 

The Koreans have also 
made no secret of the fact that 
they want to diversify then- 
arms dealing. They will be 
seeking some weaponry the 
country lacks, such as 

“We are in great danger of 
making the same mistakes we 
did with Japan," according to 
a British diplomat “The time 
to get alongside the Koreans 
by exploiting our technology 
and their productive genius is 

factoring base and we have 
difficulty in turning our re- 
search into finished products. 

“They've had years of work- 
ing with Japan, being con- 
trolled by their supply of parts 
and their technology, and they 
want to break away from that. 
If we cooperate with them now 
we won't have to worry about 
them 20 years from now. 
They're very determined peo- 
ple and they've got plans. If we 
don't get together with them 
and cooperate on technology 
they 71 get the technology from 
somewhere else and beat ns 

The Koreans believe that 
there are many kinds of inter- 
mediate technology being dis- 
carded by Britain which can be 
taken up by South Korea's 
production facilities to put 
British-technology products 
into third markets it could not 
penetrate on its own because of 
high labour costs. 

“Europe mist look outside 
itself to cooperate with conn- 
tries like Sooth Korea,** said 
Dr Sub Sang Mok, Vice- 

President Chun: seeking to 
widen trade links. 
President of the Korea Devel- 
opment Institute. “Korea is 
the perfect partner for Europe- 
an companies because of our 
capacity to absorb technology. 
If we co-operate, European 
firms can manufacture here at 
very low cost for China and 
penetrate the Japanese mar- 
ket; why not?" 

President Chm, who will be 
accompanied by his wife, Lee 
Soon Ja, takes with him to 
Britain representatives of vir- 
tually all the leading South 
Korean companies looking not 
only for technology but also 

for in vestment opportunities 

The high value of the yen is 
causing many South Korean 
firms to try to reduce their 
dependence on Japan for buy- 
ing finished industrial equip- 
ment and licensed technology 
for Korean exports, ami to 
search for teefamdogies which 
the Japanese have been un- 
willing Co release. 

But President Chun, aware 
that he still needs to persuade 
some South Koreans of the 
legitimacy of his rule, also 
seeks the cache of a visit to the 
mother of democracies. 

The first South Korean 
leader to visit Britain in 100 
years of diplomatic relations 
will undoubtedly impress some 
at home with his European 
tour, but probably not his most 
vociferous opponents. 

South Korea's success can- 
not, however, be an* 

the fact that Britain can still 
join in the development of a 
country which Is determined to 
emulate Japan in many fields 
offers a chance to regain a 
foothold in the East 

But distance does not mean 
that the relationship is com- 

pletely free of difficulties, and 
the British side is hoping that 
the President wfil offer conees- 
sions on two important com- 
plaints about British exports 
of whisky and chocolates. 

In spite of the liberalization 
of bulk grain and malt whisky 
imports in July 1984, South 
Korea is planning to ban such 
imports, from next year, in the 
case of grain imports, and in 
1990 in the case of malt bulk. 
Malt imports are worth some 
S2 million (£133 million) a 
year, but it is not the money so 
much as the emotional impact 
of blocking a unique British 

South Korea has had a 
visible trade surplus with Brit- 
ain every year since 1973, but 
the imbalance of more Qian 
$360 million last year was 
largely offset by the surplus in 
invisible trade. Britain is 
Smith Korea's second largest 
European trading partner and 
its seventh largest world- wide. 
But, in terms of capital, Brit- 
ain b Seoul's largest creditor 
world-wide, with loans total- 
ling $3331 million up to the 
end-of 1984. 


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*Snhjc\i t«-« off «ria I i.« n i fi i in ul i< >H . 

Last week on the track. Rover Vitesse 1st 
and 2nd in the first round of the prestigious 
Touring Car Championship at Monza - beat- 
ing the best the rest of Europe could put up bv 
three whole laps. 

This week on the road. David Lie well in in 
the MG Metro 6R4 wins the rough, tough 
Circuit of Ireland Rally by almost nine minutes. 
Audi, GM, Ford and Peugeot (among others), 
beaten literally out of sight. 

Two dramatic demonstrations of Austin 
Rover speed, power, toughness and reliability 

Dramatic demonstrations also of the skills 
and commitment of Britain's finest automotive 
designers, engineers and craftsmen - who 
build performance, economy and value into 
everv new Austin Rover Mini. Metro, Maestro, 
Montego and Rover. 

If you refuse to accept anything less than 
the best in your next car, put us to the test. 

Call us, free of charge, on 0800-400-456 
anytime and we will be delighted to arrange 
a demonstration. Or simply contact your 
nearest Austin Rover dealer. 


- livs ii . • 



Simon Barnes 

Cock a 

Many are the sports that nourish 
fond dreams of becoming; as 
snooker is now. the television 
glamour game. Many are the years 
through which they have all 
fruitlessly made eyes at the TV 
sports producers. Now the great 
game of croquet has suddenly 
struck up a meaningful relation- 
ship with television. Granada will 
cover the four-nation short cro- 
quet tournament in May. short 
croquei being a variant of the 
game that was. in part, developed 
with television in mind. Stephen 
Muiliner, the Hurricane Higgins 
of croquet, said; “Obviously we 
are hoping for great things, and we 
certainly expect a reasonable 
response." Move over. Sieve Da- 
vis: you haven’t lived until you 
have seen Muiliner execute a 
quadruple peaL 

In the saddle 

Tomorrow the men of the 
Chackmore Hunt roar into action. 
By roar. I mean roar they will grab 
their twist-grip throttles and 
charge across country in a cloud of 
blue smoke. Naturally, they will 
all be dressed in their best pinks 
and will carry hunting horns, but 
they will be mounted on motor- 
ized cross-country tricycles. It is 
the hunt that no one can object to: 
it will be a drag hunt in pursuit of 
human runners dressed as foxes, 
and the balloon tyres of the trikes 
don't do anything like the damage 
of thundering hooves. 1 think it is 
the answer to the whole question 
of hunting and recommend every 
hunt throughout the country to 
take it up instantly. 

Here’s my tip 

Owners and trainers have been 
waiting in fear and dread lest 
Sports Diary, the column that 
never tips a winner, points a finger 
in their direction this weekend. 
The short straw has been drawn 
once again by West Tip: in my 
view he is certain to win the 
Grand National today. Well, fairly 
certain. West Tip feU at Becber’s 
second time round when going 
well last year. Sundew did the 
same in 1956 and won in 1957. 
You can't argue with evidence like 


• Remember Swaroop Ktshan. the 
portly umpire whose decisions 
mmtp the En gland cricketers so 

sad on their last hip tn India? He 
has been awarded the Padma 
Shree, one of India's highest 
honours, for his contribution to 
cricket. - 


What is the natural reaction of any 
red-blooded Englishman to open- 
ing his first World Cup handbook 
of the year? When 1 received a 
copy of the Playfair handbook I 
turned at once to 1966 — the 
World Cup. All subsequent events 
have been pale imitations of the 
real thing. But I learned two things 
I had not known before. Fust, I 
read that Geoff Hurst’s goal that 
restored England's lead, the one 
confirmed by the famous Russian 
lineswoman who, in the immortal 
words of Kenneth Wolstenholme, 
“only speaks Russian and 
Turkish", was no goal at alL A 
photograph apparently shows the 
ball bouncing up from the goal, a 
white mark from the goal line 
clearly visible on its surrace. And 
if the ball had only hit the Line, it 
was not a goal. Second, I had 
always imagined that Hurst's final 
goal ‘ was an uncomplicated blast 
for glory. Now 1 learn that Hurst’s 
plan was to belt the ball in the 
general direction of goal with all 
his might in the hope that if he 
missed it would take all the 
remaining time to retrieve the balr 
from the back of the terrace. To 
read such things about the World 
Cup is to shatter the last dreams of 
one's youth. 


Here is the good news for Our 
Boys in Trinidad: they are not the 
only sporting travellers in deep 
trouble. The Scottish rugby union 
is investigating the behaviour of 
members of its 41 -strong national 
squad on their recent tour of 
Romania. The lads’ over-excite- 
ment required an on-the-spot 
pavment of £1.000 to the Inter- 
Continental Hotel. Bucharest, to 
cover “minor" damage after 
events that followed the 33- 1 8 win 
over Romania. Results of the 
investigation will not be made 
public. A player who had been on 
a trip to Romania two years ago 
said: “We stayed in a different 
hotel, and it was so spartan there 
was nothing to damage." 


Getting there was not half the fun. 
Think of the most arduous, sweaty 
and uncomfortable hiking trip 
you've taken. Getting to the 
northern border of Nicaragua, 
where I spent a weekend with the 
Contras at two of their camps, is 
worse. Exactly how I got there ! 
can't say. I'm sworn to secrecy. 
But let me give you some of the 
flavour. My companion and I had 
to ford five streams. Yes. we had a 
four-wheel vehicle, but it didn't 
take the bumps in what passed for 
roads too smoothly. It s the dry 
season and the roads were ser- 
pentine dust bowls. 

Practically everyone we en- 
countered was armed. Contras 
and civilians. The most memo- 
rable part of the trip occurred 
when an iguana darted across the 
road. My companian slammed on 
the brakes, grabbed his pistol and 
rushed toward a bush at the side of 
the road. He fired two shots. But 
he came back empty-handed- Too 
bad, he said. Fried iguana is 
supposed to be a great delicacy. 

I had to settle for standard 
Contra food. It wasn't too bad if 
you like rice, beans and mystery 
meat for breakfast, lunch and 
dinner. I ate heartily. The coffee 
wasn’t hot enough, but it was 
sweet and strong. And the food 
was better than at the overnight 
accommodation at a training 
camp 15 miles inside Nicaragua. I 
was told to bring a sleeping bag, 
heavy boots, water, insect spray, 
malaria pills, torch, toilet paper. 1 
needed all of them. My bed in the 
Hospoedaje Visits, the place for 
visitors, consisted of a plywood 
slab on legs. I’ve slept better. I 
look my torch and toilet paper 
with me on a late-evening foray to 
the outhouse. It was supposedly 
the top-notch outhouse, for offi- 
cers only. I gave it a quick 
inspection, aiming my light into 
the hole in the ground. The eyes of 
half a dozen rats glistened. 

Why would thousands of men 
and boys gather along this remote, 
mountainous northern border of 
Nicaragua to fight the Sandinis- 
tas? It's not the money. They don’t 
get any. I talked to scores of 
Contras over three days and got 
two main answers. Most of the 
officers are ideologically moti- 
vated. They hate communism or 
love democracy. Or they worked 
for the old Somoza regime, which 
automatically made them outcasts 
or jailbirds in Nicaragua under the 
Sandinistas. Or they worked for 
the Sandinistas and objected to 
what they saw or the way they 
were treated. What is significant is 
that they have political reasons for 
being in the hills. 

The common soldiers answer 
differently. Politics is meaningless 
to them, ideology less so. They 
have specific grievances against 
the Sandinistas: land was taken, 
money confiscated, a relative 
killed or jailed; a religious sea 
persecuted: or. most common of 
all. conscription in the Sandi n ista 
army was imminent. 

Two ideas died quickly when' I 
got to this part of Nicaragua. One 
was that the Contras are a ragtag 
outfit True, their uniforms aren't 
uniform, and the basic training for 
recruits is inadequate, but the 
Contras have established them- 
selves. at least in the north of the 
country where I was. From a 
helicopter you can see their camps 
stretching for miles, clusters of 
huts with green plastic for roofs. 
The most impressive installation 
is the training camp, carved in 
three plateaus on the side of a 
mountain. There are plenty of 
non-lethal supplies at the camps. 
The problem is supplying troops 
deep in Nicaragua: the Contras 
can’t bold positions against fancy 
Sandininsta weaponry, let alone 
main tain supply lines. 

The second mistaken idea was 
that the Contras, and in this case 
the largest of their groups, the 
Nicaraguan Democratic Force 
(FDN), is an army of Somocistas, 
supporters of the former dictator. 

Fred Barnes visits northern strongholds of 
Nicaragua’s an ti-Sandinista guerrillas 
and finds the motivation for their struggle 

Facts behind 
the Contra 
rebels’ cause 

Far from it. There are a number of 
former members of Somoza's 
national guard in the officer corps, 
including the FDN chief Enrique 
Bermudez. But the foot soldiers 
are stoical peasant fighters. 
Mostly they are young, a few not 
even in their teens. I was told the 
average age was 19 or 20. 

Desperate for good publicity. 
Contra officers suggested people 
for me to interview. I decided to 
question soldiers at random. Most 
were inarticulate, muttering short 
answers in Spanish. 1 found an 18- 
year-old at the dental dink, where 
a paramedic with three months’ 
training was about to pull a tooth. 
The soldier's name was Lionel 
and he did form work before 
joining up. He said he wants “to 
see a free country". Was that all? 
Well the Sandinistas had drafted 
him and he deserted after 15 days. 
“I didn't like the way they treated 
me." he said "Only the volunteers 
get training. -They just send the 
rest of us to fight" It took about a 
minute to pull the tooth. There 
was a crunching noise, and it fell 
on the ground by his foot There 
was Novocain for the extraction, 
but the hospital lacks aspirin. 
Lionel was typical. Soldier after 
soldier told me he fled to the 
Contras when faced with being 
drafted into the Sandinista army. 
A 14-year-old boy from Esteli in 
northern Nicaragua who identi- 
fied himself as Mario Jose — like 
every Contra he adopted a mili- 
tary alias — said "The Sandinis- 
tas were going to take me. I don't 
like communism." A 16-year-old 
from San Juan with the alias 
Marvin had the same story. He 
said the Sandinistas were now 

tairing children as young a s 12, 
something other teenage Contras 
akn claimed None of the teen- 
agers could explain why serving 
with the Contras was preferable to 
being in the Sandinista military. It 
just was, several said 

Frank. 28 years old was one of 
the few black Con ms I saw. like 
other blacks in Nicaragua, he is 
from the sparsely populated At- 
lantic coast region. Frank said he 
had been a designer of coral 
jewellery, which he made in 
Managua and sold around the 
country. A year ago. “I got in 
trouble with the Sandinistas. They 
searched me, found money, and 
said Pm a counter-revolutionary 
because I have too much money.** 
After a week in jail he headed for 
Contra territory. Frank has a 
tattoo of a swastika on his arm. 
“It’s very bad I know ” he said 
“But it don't mean nothing Pm 
going to put an eagle over it.” 

. Conir Contr Contr Contr Com- 
mander Mack, in charge of the 
training camp, is a veteran of the 
National Guard He was trained in 
Argentina, 1 was told, and has 
been a Contra “since day one". 
The training camp was budt under 
his direction. I interviewed him in 
bis small sleeping quarters, which 
double as a storeroom. Thirty- 
three cases of _ Coca-Cola are 
stacked next to his hammoc k. 

He is short, stocky, dark- 
skinned He had taken off hxs 
boots and put on slippers and was 
listening to an American rock 

station on a shortwave radio when 

I walked in unannounced Black 
said what every Contra com- 
mander I encountered said The 
Contras can win. With military 

aid from the United States they 
can advance against the Sandints- 
ias and hold positions. "From the 
first moment we get the aid and 
foil support, the Sandinistas are 
going to sun crumbling. It'll be an 
avalanche." Threatened, the 
Sandinistas will step up tnar 
repression, he said This m turn 
will touch Off “a general 
insurrection". . The Sandixustas 

will “face a crisis by the end of the 
year”, insisted Bermudez, the 
Contra leader. 

Bermudez, who like the San- 
dinista leader Daniel Ortega wears 
designer sunglasses, has enemies 
other than the Sandinistas. He was 
Somoza's . military attache in 
Washington in the late 1 970s. but 
understandably plays that down 
now. In his office, a wooden 
shanty decorated with a bathing- 
beauty calendar and a US Marines 
desk set, he railed against the press 
and human rights groups.. The 
stories of continuing atrocities by 
his troops were untrue, he said 
The UN should handle human 
rights issues, he suggested. Its 
leaders “live in Miami, tn Wash- 
ington, in Central America. They 
read the magazines. They know 
the accusations. We don’t have 
any organizational capacity; to 
mount a propaganda campaign. 
We can't put out a booklet on 
Sandinista human rights abuses. 
But all anyone has to do is 
interview Nicaraguans at the refu- 
gee camps.” Journalists refuse to 
do that, he said 

I didn't interview any refugees 
either. The best I could da in three 
days was form a few impressions. 1 
couldn’t investigate human rights 
cases or determine whether the 
Contras are indeed loo tightly 
controlled by Bermudez and 
friends. If the hierarchy needs a 
dose of base-broadening, the ju- 
nior officers and the rank and file 
do not The thousands of young 
men (and some women) who have 
flocked to the Contras in the past 
two years have already given the 
anti-Sandinista army a democratic 
free. Many of the younger com- 
manders are victims of the Nica- 
raguan version of McCarthyism. 
pilloried as Somocistas because of 
brief service in the national guard, 
which was Nicaragua's only mili- 
tary force under Somoza. 

Two final impressions. The 
Contras are in this for the dnra- 
'tion. They convinced me of this. 
Many of (he officers have given up 
comfortable exile in Florida or 
California or Honduras to live ina 
sq ualid war zone. With or without 
US aid they will fight . the 
< fcnriinigta&. “We're not going to 
fwflirf. the mistake the Cubans did, 
which was to rely too much on US 
support," a Contra told me. 
“When that support vanished, 
they gave up. We won’t." 

No matter what President Rea- 
ays, the Contras arc not 
iting for a seat at the negotiat- 
ing table. Who is going to put his 
life on the line for that? They don't 
trust the 5frn dinkf«s to follow 
through on whatever they might 
agree to anyway. Not one of the 
commanders I spoke to men- 
tioned anything about negotia- 
tions with the Sandinistas over 
power-sharing, lifting of censor- 
ship or a new election. To a man 
they spoke - of defeating the 
Sandinistas in a military and 
civilian uprising in which the 
Dverament of Nicaragua goes 
i communist to democratic in 
one swoop. 

Just before I left, Bermudez got 
word that a Sandinista helicopter 
had been shot down. He was 
ecstatic. I was told that the man 
responsible was Commander 
Douglas, whom 1 had met on the 
road an hour from the camp. He 
was dressed in civilian clothes 
with a pistol jammed under his 
belt What he bagged the 
beUcoptor with, I don’t know. I 
never heard a shot fired the whole 
weekend. Except when the iguana 
crossed the road. 


Boyd Black 

‘Jeremy and Ralph are hoping 
to boy the room they met in and 
turn it Into a fiat* 


Will all this picturesque decadence 
be the same under Peking's 
straight-laced government the 
gambling in the ornate casinos and 
on the greyhound track, the 
trotting horses and the jai-alai 
games, the highly available al- 
mond-eyed girls in the hotels? 

What awaits the pastel-coloured 
baroque churches, the Catholic 
festivals, the incense-filled Bud- 
dhist temples, the Portuguese 
language, the free press? Now that 
the agreement on Hong Kong’s 
return to China in 1997 is signed 
and sealed, the liny Portuguese 
colony of Macao. 16 miles across 
the water, is wondering about its 
own future. 

Negotiations between Portu- 
guese and Chinese government 
delegations on the future of the 
territory are expected here to begin 
in the next few weeks. One basic 
fact is undisputed: after 429 years 
of unbroken Portuguese rule, the 
six square mile colony will be 
returned to China. The big ques- 
tions are when, and hqw. 

Macao, with its peeling colonial 
buildings and quaint alleys, is the 
oldest European settlement in the 
East, and its legal position is quite 
different from that of high-rise, 
high-pressure Hong Kong. For a 
start, the Portuguese never bought 
it or claimed to own it. The nearest 
they came was a treaty with the 
Emperor of China signed in 
1887 — 333 years after the trading 
colony was established — in which 
Portugal was granted “perpetual 
occupation and government" of 
Macao in return for cooperation 
in controlling the opium trade. 

Lisbon, which regards the place 
as “Chinese territory under Portu- 
guese administration" has twice 
tried to give it back to China in the 
past 20 years and twice been 
refused. Local officials believe 
that Peking wanted to sort out the 
much bigger question of Hong 
Kong first. 

At first sight it would seem, 
therefore, that the Portuguese 
government does not have a single 
card to bargain in return for 
guarantees of civiL legal eco- 
nomic. language and religious 
rights for the 500,000-strong 

But government officials be- 

Patriria Gough looks at the future of 
Macao, Portugal^ casino colony 

Back to China 
—but when? 

Parties, come to 
Ulster’s aid 

Single-issue candidates in par- 
liamentary elections are usually 
assumed to be, eccentric or ex- 
treme. and one of; the great 
strengths of" the British party 
political system is its ability. 'to 
marginalize eccentric or extreme 
politics. If such politics flourish in 
Northern Ireland, this is largely 
because its electors are excluded 
from British party politics. 

Northern . Ireland is now ui 
worse turmoil than it has been in 
for years. It might seem tha t the 
most urgent need is to resto re a 
surface calm. But nothing is more 
urgent than dealing with the root 
cause of its political instability. 

Northern Ireland, as British 
political leaders have said many 
times since the Anglo-Irish deal 
was announced in November; 
comes under the sovereignty of 
the Westminster Parliament But 
the parliamentary sovereignty ex- 
ercised over Northern Ireland is 
different from that exercised m the 
rest of the United Kingdom. The 
province is in effect an mrerral 
colony, - enjoying most of the 
secondary rights of British democ- 
racy but deprived of. the. basic 
democratic right —.the ability Of 
its electors to have an equal say 
with all other electors in choosing 
which party shall form the govern? 
ment of the United Kingdom! . 

Because it is deprived of that 
basic right. Northern Ireland does 
not so much enjoy the secondary 
rights as suffer from them. Be- 
cause the vital element of the 
democratic system has been ex? 
traded from the province, the rest 
becomes a dross. AH Northern 
Ireland elections are futile because 
they are disconnected from politi- 
cal power. 

The inter-party struggle for 
political power, based on social 
principles, is a great reconciler of 
differences in society. Elections 
tha t are not contested by the main 
parties of the state, and m which 
political -power is not at issufe,' 
cannot: exercise this reconciluig 
effect Such elections can only 
a gg ravate existing cultural- and 
religious differences. 

par liame ntary, government has 
been party government in prin- 
ciple as well as practice, since 
Burke wrote his justification of 
party politics more than 200 years 
ago The development of Britain 
has been intimately bound up with 
the activity of the great parties. 
But the British people now take 
the party structure of politics so 
much for granted that they have 
become largely unaware Of their 
dependence on -it, and cannot 

mnm -1&nn i J -'*■ f 

Macao: will it go on sinning under Peking? 

lieve. China is probably anxious to 
avoid the over-hasty decoloniza- 
tion which brought turmoil to 
other Portuguese possessions, 
such as Angola and Mozambique. 
But there is an even stronger 
reason why they believe the 
Chinese want an arrangement 
which will not upset the West. 
“Macao and Hong Kong are 
merely stepping-stones. Their real, 
long-term goal is the recovery of 
Taiwan,", said one. 

Apart from its nationalistic 
desire to regain ail Chinese terri- 
tory. Peking apparently sees Ma- 
cao as another useful outlet for its 
manufactured goods and as a 
contact point with the capitalistic 
world. But its role looks like being 
small and not without problems. 

Unlike Hong Kong. Macao's 
unsophisticated faaories — prin- 
cipally textiles, toys, firecrackers 
and artificial flowers — will be of 
little benefit to the Chinese econ- 

omy. Its gambling industry, which 
attracts more than four million 
visitors a year, accounts for 20 per 
cent of GDP and provides 50 per 
cent of government income, could 
be a problem for a puritan 
Communist government even 
though gambling is an age-old 
Chinese passion. 

Moreover, few of the colony's 
Chinese speak Portuguese, the 
language of its complex legal and 
administrative system, and are 
sufficiently educated to take over 
the administration duringa transi- 
tion period. Mainland Chinese 
would find the language even 
more difficult One theory being 
aired in Macao is that Peking 
might find it simpler to have it run 
by the Hong Kong Chinese as an 
annexe to their city. . 

Peking has promised that its 
policy of “one country, two 
systems" will apply to Macao as 
well as Hong Kong, that gambling. 

as well as private enterprise, will 
continue and religious and lan- 
guage rights will be respected. 

But a warning from the bead of 
Peking's Hong Kong and Macao 
Affairs Office to a group of Macao 
newspaper executives last year 
that too many press reports on the 
question of Hong Kong’s future 
“are not good for the people of 
Macao" does not augur well for 
press freedom. 

Businessmen and government 
officials in Macao, as in Hong 
Kong, appear confident of the 
future and investment is increas- 
ing. Local businessmen have 
talked of Macao becoming “Asa's 

The people most worried about 
the future are the Macanese, of 
mixed Chinese- Portuguese de- 
scent, who fear they will be the 
losers under a Chinese-dominated 
regime and would like to put off 
the dreaded day as long as 
possible. About 100,000 have Port- 
uguese nationality and could take 
up residence in Portugal if they 
wished, but at present there are no 
signs that a massive exodus is 

Meanwhile the Chinese, who 
make up 90 per cent of the 
population, are keeping silent 
“There's no discussion. People are 
not used to it" one Portuguese 
resident said. “The influence of 
Imperial China is still very strong: 
the hierarchy is respected and you 
do what it says. Even at press 
conferences the journalists do not 
ask questions about the future.” 

A businessman remarked: “We 
know that many people are wor- 
ried but few dare to speak up 
because of the possible reper- 
cussions." Meanwhile the Chinese 
language press has instinctively 
begun seif-censorship, officials 
say. Critical reporting of events in 
mainland China is rare. 

One ginger group tried to stir 
things up by holding a public 
debate on “the political apathy of 
Macao residents towards the Ma- 
cao question". Unsurprisingly, 
fewer than 40 people turned up 
and the debate was inconclusive. 

“It did identify several reasons 
for our apathy," said one of the 
organizers, Peter Au Chi-keung. 
“For example, it won’t serve any 
purpose if one speaks up anyway/' 

imagine the consequences of being 
excluded from it. This applies at 
least as much to politicians and 
political commentators as to the 
general public. Indeed, my 
canvassing in Fulham has elicited <j» 
a much greater readi ness among 
the public to understand -the 
consequences for Northern Ire- 
land of exclusion from the party 
structure than 1 have found in !0 
years of lobbying politicians and 
political commentators. 

Northern Ireland's problems are 
in great part caused by its exclu- 
sion from national party politics. 

The three main parties do not 
contest elections there and deny 
membership to its resi den ts. La- 
bour explains its re fusal t o or- 
ganize in Northern ■ Ireland with 
the claim that to-do so would tie 
beyond its financial means, even 
though thousands of Northern 
Ireland trade unionists pay the £ 
political levy to a party they 
support but cannot join. The 
Conservative Party cites the ab- . 
sencc of constituency ass ociati ons 
in Northern Ireland to justif y the 
rejection of applications from 
would-be members but refuses to 
establish such associations. Catch 
22. The SDP accepts, but does not 
encourage, individual member- 
ship and refuses to organize an 
area partv in Northern Ireland, so 
members cannot engage in politi- 
cal activity. 

Exclusion from the national 
party system is virtual dis- 

lent. It creates a politi- 
cal vacuum in which elections, are 
contested by “parties" without * 
policies which are not contending 
for political power. Votes are cast 
simply on religious lines for 
parties that have no political 
nmetion. - • . 

Politicians in Great Britain 
express impatience that a. "middle 
ground" of politics does not 
develop in the province. But they 
deprive it of the means of develop- 
ment by depriving it of the party 
system of the state. There was 
never any political development 
in England on the basis of an 

and than trill not be in Northern 

The Northern Ireland problem 
will begin to go away only if the 
people there are given tire 
opportunity to engage in real . 

politics through the party political 
system of die United Kingdom. 

Boyd Black is the Democratic 
Rjghtsfor Northern Ireland can- 
didate in the Fulham by-election, 
and an economics lecturer at The 
Queen's University. Belfast 



Phffippos: What shall we do about 
politics, DiogeneS? 

Diogenes: Do you mind moving. 
Philippos? You're blocking the 
sun, ami spoiling my sun-bathing. 
What in the worid has got info yon 
that you are fussing about politics? 
There must be more interesting 
things to talk about. 

P. That's what we said at univer- 
sity. Those who went in for die 
Union were seen to be quecrists 
and megalomaniacs. The brightest 
and best stuck to their books and 
their private lives, and then went 
into the academic world or the 
Civil Service. Only the second- 
rate, and the self-obsessed, and the 
nutters went in for politics. As a 
result our government has been a 
disgrace fora generation, ricochet- 
ing backwards and forwards be- 
tween the small-minded fanatics 
on both sides of politics. Why do 
we no longer produce great- 
spirited politicians of vision, like 
Gladstone, and Disraeli end Lin- 
coln, and Themistodes? - 
D. Time has gilded their reputa- 
tions. I remember Themistodes at 
a feasibdng asked to play the lute. 
He replied that- he could not 
fiddle, but yet be could make a 
small town into a great city. He 
had atiigh opinion of himself! tike 
all politicians.. He wasjucky jn his 
period. And be had the best PR 
agency in the business, Thucydi- 
des & Plutarch, pic. Ax the time 
the opposition called him fascist, 
and spartan-lover, and scab,- and 
worse. History has dealt fondly 
with him. I suspect that what you 
call, great politicians are merely, 
those lucky enough to have been at 
the top during a rare period of 
national triumph, such as 5th 
century Athens, or the High 
Victorian Empire, or the Ameri- 
can Revolution, or your Second 
World War. 

P: Oh. come off it, Diogenes; or 
rather come out of it. They may 
have been fortunate in their 
periods. .But there were giants in 
the land in those days. We can tell, 
not just from their acts, but from 
their speeches and books on the 
record. They had a generous 
vision. They spoke for One Na- ; 
lion. They backed the masses 
against the classes. There was 
more to them than the petty 
grocery of party politics.- They had 
a sense of humour. 

D. Gladstone did not have a sense 
of humour. He used to speak to 
me as if I was a public meeting. 

P. WelL maybe Gladstone was not 
a bundle of laughs. But he was a 
man of massive intellect and 
curiosity. Have you never winced 
at the prodigrous reading lists in 
His -diary? There was more to him 
than reading red boxes. If you had 
put him .on a moor with nothing 
on but his shirt. 'he would have 
become whatever he pleased.. 

P. Little Plato used' to argue that 

his ideal state would be ruled by 
philosophers. And a fine mess he' 
got into when he tried to put his- 
ideas into practice with his chums, 
the Dionysil at Syracuse. He- 
argued like an angeL But his idea 
of great men running the country 
on behalf of the stupid and the 

CtnteVltonnaV 1 

feckless is a- primrose path that* 
I fs ads downhill to totalitarianism I 
Democracy may be a mess, bat it- 
is the best mess available in this 
wicked world. 

P. So we have to resign ourselves 
to living all. our lives under' 
government by bribery and PR 
and image-manipulators and' 
speech-therapists and hairdressers 
and rhetoric and commercials and 
lies, and little men? 

D. If you don't like the food, get 
into the kitchen and see if you can., 
cook better. You have. to. realize 
that government has always been' 
unsatisfactory: a continual- 
alternation between the politics of! 
envy, and the politics of greed, amf 
the greasy pole of getting to the* 

P. There must have been golden 
ages, when none was for a party, 
and all were for the state. 

D. Primitive Rome and 5th 
century Athens really weren't like* 
that at all you wet. It is true that at, 
tunes of national crisis citizens all, 
pull together more than usual for 
fear otall .hanging together. And* 
politics in such^ periods seems in 
retrospect to have been golden.' 
But such periods are unnatural 
and dangerous. The best we can 
hope for is government by. 
alternating sets of politicians. And- 
with a little bit of luck. occa-'. 
sionally, the new rascals and^ 
zealots who have just kicked ouf 
the old zealots and rascals, retain - 
one or two of the sensible things 
their predecessors have done. . 
Golden ages are not on offer in 
this world- Any politician who 
promises to set the world to rights 
is either a fool or a liar. 

P. Move over, Diogenes. Fro. 
coming into the tub with you. . 1 
D. Bring some good books. You* 



c , 0r n e , 

:r s aicj 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 0M81 4100 


\ toward 

.rut the 


The reshuffle of currencies 
ta * an 8 place this weekend is an 
opportunity for Europe to step- 
forward towards financial 
integration. It is the first major 
realignment in the European 
Monetary System for over 
three years. 

. The last such realignment, 
m March 1983, marked a 
turning point in. the history of 
the EMS. In retrospect, this 
cun be seen as the moment at 
which it became clear that the 
EMS had passed through the 
period in which it was merely a 
loose association of govern- 
ments staggering from one 
realignment crisis to another 
every few months. It was on its 
way to maturity, creating a 
European island of currency 
stability in a world of increas- 
ingly volatile exchange rates. 

Only the Italians, who in 
any case lie on die fringe of the 
EMS within wider margins of 
fluctuation, have had to ad just 
their EMS parities since 1983. 
This Jong period of exchange- 
rate- stability between the 
French franc and the German 
marie has confounded the 
pessimists, who argued that 
the EMS could never hold 
together such disparate econo- 
mies. The EMS exerted a 
formidable discipline on the 
Socialist government that was 
in power in France until last 
month. It has actively helped 
the French to bring inflation 
down below the rate which the 
Conservative Government of 
Mrs Thatcher has achieved in 
Britain, which for six years has 
floated outside the EMS. 

This delay in joining has 
gone on long enough. But 
yesterday official sources were 
still maintaining the 
Government's view that the 
lime for membership is 
not“ripe". So the focus of this 
realignment is, yet again, the 

core exchange rate between the 
German made and French 

The EMS has not progres s ed 
towards the. second stage of 
currency union envisaged by 
hs idealistic founders; a failure 
for which the Germans and the 
French, as well as the reluctant 
British, all carry some 
responsibility. The existing 
EMS merely restrains currency 
- movements. It does not ob- 
viate the need for them. It was, 
therefore, clear that the system 
would eventually have to al- 
low some adjustment to ex- 
change rates that would reflect 
the differences between 
France's modest economic re- 
forms and West Germany's 
spectacular achievements. The 
West Germans have virtually 
stable prices (now rising a 
trivial 0.1 per cent a year). 

The sensitive point of afl 
. EMS realignments is the ex- 
tent to which they appear to 
revalue the German mark or to 
devalue the French franc - 
something France's new right- 
wing Prime Minister, Mon- 
sieur Jacques Chirac, has 
spoken against with as much, 
if no more, conviction than his 
predecessors. Whether the re- 
alignment is presented as a 
plus for Germany or a minus 
for France depends largely on 
whether other EMS currencies 
choose to follow the French 
down or the Germans up. The 
essential element in any re- 
alignment, however, is that it 
should appear sufficiently rad- 
ical to stand the test of time. 

: There is, however, a further 
hurdle that the French should 
strive to dear this time. The 
French Government has man- 
aged to hold its place within 
the EMS at least partly by 
maintaining a formidable net- 
work of exchange controls. 
Such controls vitiate the pur- 

Perhaps M. Chirac should 
recall that the boldest act of 
deregulation performed by the 
Thatcher Government, on tak- 
ing over from Britain's Social- 
ists, was to close its ears to the 
cautions of the Bank of En- 
gland and abolish exchange 
controls. If mere imitation 
does not appeal, there is the 
satisfaction of scotching Brit- 
ish criticism. Who knows? Mrs 
Thatcher’s Government may 
finally find itself deprived of 
excuses for re maining an EMS 


Two contradictory signs 
emerged this week from the 
confusion that is South Africa. 
The first was Bishop Desmond ' 
Tutu's counsel of despot when, 
the Nobel Laureate endedJJJ 
months of painful equivoca- 
tion to call openly for punitive 
economic sanctions against 

However Christian the 
Bishop's motives, his call if 
heeded will lead only to further 
violence in a society in which 
the voice of peace is growing 
smaller and weaker: 

Punitive sanctions applied 
by hostile foreign governments 
may ease the international itch 
to "do something" about 
South Africa. Within the coun? 
try itself, however, their effect 
will be to play into the hands 
both. of right-wing 
Afrikanerdom which needs lit- 
tle excuse to pull, tip the 
drawbridge and convert South 
Africa into a siege society, and 
of the hard left which sees .even 
greater black poverty and un- 
employment coupled with the 
even greater use of repression 
in a garrison state as necessaiy 
preconditions for successful 

It is indeed no coincidence 
that those black political fac- 
tions which call most strident- 
ly for sanctions are also those 
which this week were 
conspicuous by their absence 
from the first true black-white 
negotiating forum to be estab- 
lished in South Africa— the so- 
called "Kwa Natal Indaba" . 

The Indaba (Zulu for con- 
ference) has arisen ont of the 

proposed joint executive fin* 
Natal and Kwa Zulu to be 
headed by Natal's Admin- 
istrator; MrRadclyffe Cadman 
and Chief Mangosuthu 
Buthelen. Chief Minister of 
WBantustan which apartheid 
carved out of, the Province 
with which it is inextricably 

The mini-constitutional 
conference attended by 31 
black and white political 
groupings and interest groups 
is pursuing an ambitious goal 
— the creation of a democrati- 
cally elected legislature for 
Natal and Kwa Zulu, a re- 
gional government which 
could be South Africa's first 
experiment in . true power- 
sharing between white and 

— however faint — of succeed- 
ing where more grandiose 
negotiating proposals have so 
conspicuously failed. 

As Professor Lawrence 
Schlemmer, a South African 
academic whose research in- 
stitute was recently fire- 
bombed by anti-Indaba forces, 
has pointed out, the principle 
of local and regional options 
can provide a society as 
fraught as South Africa's with 
a flexibility to absorb the 
strains that can tear a frilly 
centralized government apart 

The concept has been a long 
time being born. First con- 
ceived * in the Buthelezi's 
commissions report in 1982, it 
was initially repudiated by a 
Nationalist government deter- 
mined to impose its own 
solution on South Africa. It isa 
sign of the rapidly changing 
times that this week Pretoria, 
through the National Party of 
Natal, sent a team of high- 
powered official observers to 
the Indaba which instead has 
been boycotted by the parties 
of the extreme right for whom 
power-sharing remains an 
anathema, and by the radical 
left which claims that any 
regional settlement defuses the 
struggle for control of the 
central levers of power. Which 
is precisely why it has a chance 

If the Indaba succeeds it will 
mean universal participation 
in a provincial government 
which will have the power to 
promote equality of opportu- 
nity, integrate black and white 
in a common political commu- 
nity and bury apartheid. Most 
important, it could provide a 
constitutional model for the 
rest of South Africa, a living 
example of bow to join to- 
gether what apartheid has put 

lhe Indaba has a long way 
to go before it formulates its 
proposals and even longer 
before these are accepted, ei- 
ther wholly or in part, by 
Pretoria. But it is the first real 
coming together of moderate 
forces in a deeply polarised 
society. It is the first sign of 
hope that those divisions may 
yet be bridged and it is a better 
recipe for peaceful, albeit pro- 
found, change than Bishop 
Tutu’s prescription for further 
poverty, polarisation and dis- 


You can. in certain ofthe more 
discerning hypermarches of 
northern France, buy bottles of 
Kentish wine. You have, 
admittedly, to stand on tiptoes 
and extend your neck with 
circus elasticity to see the 
labels on the topmost shelves 
in the vinsfms aisle, but there 
it is. The fact that it’s there is a 

credit to British viticulture. 
But of course it does not make 
the' United Kingdom a .win*-, 

deration is - the Dutch, 
Belgians and Danes hardly 
counting in termsof volume of 
consumption — the premier 
non-producing consumer or 
the fruit of the vine in the. 
Common Market. And that 
elves Britain a certain detach* 
merit when it comes to battles 
over mfungsnummer, de- 
nominations d origine 
conirollaia. and the currently, 
rather- frenzied attempt by 
certain : ■ ■ jHyjKg ' 

viticulturalists to establish the 
good name of their product. 
We. having no , agncuUurai 
adze to grind, -can; afford to 

pick and choose. If the Aus- 
trians, or the Italians or the 
French try to poison us, we can 
and ought to shop around. 

have derived more of their 
sweetness from the common 
or garden sugar lump than the 
noble rot. 

White wine, it seems, is 
especially susceptible to the 
doctors of dosage. Never mind 
that there is a ton more claret 
than the banks of the Garonne 
could ever produce; never 
mind where, those Riojas get 
their oaJriness from; never 
mind which animals are more 
intimately connected with that 
egri Weaver (buffs blood to 
non-Magyars). Despite the fate 
of. those _ unfortunate Lom- 
bards who recently drank Ital- 
ian bucket red it is a problem 
of whites. 

The issue arose with the 
benzines, sorry, the benign 
growths of Lower Austria and 
the relationship of some 
GewQrtztrdminer to- the fluid 
that makes the Audi in the 
adverts perform so well on the 
Alpine passes in winter. It (the 
anti-freeze that is) spilledover 
into West Germany. And 
xXiQsc Spailesen turned out to 

The Consumers* Associ- 
ation yesterday advised a full 
measure of toper conser- 
vatism. Never open a bottle of 
white that cost less than £2.30, 
it said. But that is the coward's 
way out The Spaniards have 
just joined the Common Mar- 
ket They and the Portugese 
promise great things of their 
lesser known vineyards — 
what do they know of Iberian 
wines who know only Vinho 
Verde and Jerez ? But the CA's 
advice would take the mystery 
out of the business. The cork- 
screw turns in the £1.95 bottle, 
the cork slides out and — 
sulphur aroma say the pun- 
dits. But not necessarily. It 
could be apples, honey, or the 
tang of the hills. And the taste. 
Gluey and coarse say the CA’s 
pundits. A little more of that 
Common Market sugar in the 
fermentation process, and it 
will all be sweetness and light. ; 


Fair competition in shipbuilding 

pose of the EMS. which is to 
integrate Europe's national 
monetary systems as an essen- 
tial back-up for its efforts to 
create a single "common 
market" for trade. 

The extent of exchange con- 
trol maintained by the French 
is one of the British 
Government's standard ri- 
postes to suggestions that the 
time has come for sterling to 
take its frill place in the 
European Monetary System. 
The new French Government 
is committed to dismantling 
exchange controls, and seems 
to be prepared to begin the task 
as part and parcel of this 
realignment. The test of 
French conviction is the cour- 
age with which the govern- 
ment applies itself to the task. 

Fortunately, domestic as 
well as international interests 
point in the same direction. M. 
Chirac's plans for floating 
state-owned enterprises into 
private hands will not be 
assisted by a system of ex- 
change controls that will limit 
would-be purchasers; a danger 
the Government's financial 
advisers are aware of. even if 
the French are quite as 
chauvinistically resistant to 
the idea of foreign ownership 
as the British seem to be. 

From the Chairman of Swan 
Hunter Ltd 

Sir, It is most regrettable that in 
your leader of April I you sought 
to link the award of a commercial 
contract 10 the political siiuaiioD 
in Northern Ireland. A subsidy to 
1 Hariand and Wolff of £37 million 
in the last 1 1 months can hardly be 
described as a Government with- 
, drawal from the Province. 

The issue we are fighting is for 
the competition to be fair to meet 
the assurances that Swan Hunter 
received before privatisation. The 
auxiliary oil replenishment vessel 
(AOR) order is by any description 
a large commercial and contrac- 
tual risk. 

With Hariand and Wolff a 
prime supplier, the taxpayer is in 
effect taking the whole contractual 
and commercial risk. Hariand and 
Wolff have made losses, before 
interest charges, of over £200 
million, funded by the taxpayer, in 
the last five years. 

It is stretching credulity to 
breaking point that if this order 
were awarded to them it would not 
similarly generate cross-subsidies 
from the other loss— funded con- 
tracts and a direct subsidy for any 
cost over— run on the AOR. These 
risks are exacerbated by the fact 
that Hariand and Wolff have not 
built a warship for 20 years. 

The statement that the initial 
price has been certified as being 
subsidy— free simply sidesteps the 
issue of the actual performance of 
the contract over the next three to 
four years. 

Swan Hunter is the only UK 
company to have built a similar 
vessel to the AOR. If its contract 
over— runs on cost beyond a small 
contingency, it will only have its 

Fees for legal aid 

From Mr Stanley Best 
Sir. In your leading article (March 
27) you rebuke the Lord Chan- 
cellor but conclude that be was 
justified in resisting a claim to put 
the fees of barristers dependent 
upon criminal legal aid work on a 
par with those employed in gov- 
ern men i service. 

Is there any justification for 
saying that solicitors and bar- 
risters involved in legal aid work, 
whether civil or criminal, should 
be paid less than a sum which, 
taking into account the pension 
rights of Civil Servants, equates 
with what is paid to government- 
employed lawyers? 

Surely legally aided persons are 
entitled to expect that those who 
often have to challenge, on their 
behalf government departments 
are able to do so and are not left to 
live on a shoe-string? 

The case now disposed of in the 
High Court leaves still to be 
resolved the totally inadequate 
fees paid to solicitors and bar- 
risters in relation to civil legal aid 

Hysteria on Aids 

From the Director of the College of 

Sir. Your report of a court being 
cleared because a couple "with 
Aids'* were appearing before a 
magistrate (in some editions, 
March 21) shows just how vital it 
is for the public, and perhaps even 
more so the magistrature and the 
police, to be property informed 
about the ways in which the 
HTLV1II virus, which causes 
Aids, can be transmitted. 

The police and ushers were 
wearing plastic gloves, it is re- 
ported. The magistrate asked 
everyone “to leave the court 
unless they mind the risk of 
catching Aids". 

The HTLVIH virus can only be 
transmitted from one person to 
another if it gets into the blood- 
! stream. The most likely means of 
transmission are through sexual 

Ordination of women 

From the Reverend Henry Pearson 
Sir. In using Article XXXIV in the 
Book of Common Prayer to sup- 
port bis view that ho woman 
should be consecrated bishop and 
therefore be able to participate in 
the 1 988 Lambeth Conference, the 
Bishop of London (March 27) 
really is clutching at straws. Be- 
sides treating the article in a 
completely literalistic way. be is in 
danger of being accused of in- 
consistency on the application of 
the 39 Articles of Religion in the 
life of the Church of England 

For example, as a prominent 
Anglo-Catholic, what would he 
make of Article XXVIIL “The 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper 
was not by Christ’s ordinance 
reserved, carried about, lifted up, 
or worshipped"? 

Let us be honest about this. No 
longer can the 39 Articles be used 
in their present form m reference 
to the exercising of authority in 
the Anglican Communion today. 
Yours faithfully. 


The Vicarage. 

34 Gracech urch Street, 


Stowmarket, Suffolk. 

Taken as read 

Prom Dr. R. P. ran den Brink - 

Sir. The decline of the book may 
be more advanced than many of 
us already feared. In giving a 
justification for staying up un- 
sociably late to watch Catch-22 on 
the television, my son has ex- 
plained that the novel is on his A- 
level reading list. The paperback 
original, meanwhile, sits un- 
disturbed upon the shelf. 

Yours faithfully. 

R. P. van den BRINK-BUDGEN. 
27 a. Warrington Road. 



March 28. 

shareholders to turn to. That is the 
essence of privatisation. The 
whole of the Swan Hunter order 
book has been won in open 

In January. 1985. Swan Hunter 
won the competition for two type 
22 frigates, but in the interests of 
Merseyside one of these vessels 
was diverted at a cost to the 
taxpayer of some £7 million. We 
are still waiting, some 15 months 
later, for the promised replace- 
ment order to materialise. 

We have every sympathy with 
the present position in Northern 
Ireland but must point out that 
unemployment on Tyneside is 
now higher than in Belfast. It 
would be tragic indeed if further 
orders were diverted from Swan 
Hunter on anything other than 
overall commercial grounds. 

We do not regard statements by 
accountants on the compilation of 
the initial price, with no awareness 
of what it takes to successfully 
complete a major capital project 
of this kind, being any indication 
of fair competition. 

What is needed is an indepen- 
dent study by shipbuilders, per- 
haps the award to Belfart of 
another bulk carrier from a 
nationalised industry (where 
delivery time is not important) 
and some good sense to see that 
Europe's finest naval shipbuilder. 
Swan Hunter, does not suffer for 
political expediency. 

Yours failhfullv. 

D. W. HARDY, Chairman, 

Swan Hunter Limited, 

WaJlsend Shipyard, 

POBox 1, 


Tyne and Wear. 

April 3. 

matters, which touch a much 
wider section of the public than 
criminal legal aid. 

On the one hand, the Lord 
Chancellor wants to restrict the 
scope of legal aid and the fees paid 
to lawyers but. on the other hand, 
cheerfully helps his own depart- 
ment and the Treasury by increas- 
ing the fees which have to be paid, 
for example, on the issue of a writ 
and now institutes a fee of £10 on 
the issue of every interlocutory 
summons in the High Court. 

This is the true Catch— 22 
situation. Expenditure on legal aid 
will go up because these fees have 
to be paid by solicitors out of the 
Legal Aid Fund. The Lord Chan- 
cellor will then demand further 
restrictions on legal aid to take 
account of the inflated costs 
thereof which be has caused and in 
the result, solicitors and their 
clients will be worse off than ever. 
Yours faithfully. 


Midland Bank Chambers, 


March 27. 

intercourse or by transfusion with 
infected blood products, or the 
sharing of syringes. 

There is no way in which 
anyone could be infected simply 
by being in the same courtroom. 
The wearing of plastic gloves is 
neither here nor there. 

The College of Health has been 
running an Aids telephone 
information service since Decem- 
ber last year and has played tapes 
to many thousands of people 
which have helped to allay un- 
necessary hysteria and to give 
sound advice on reducing the risk 
of catching it to those who are 
genuinely at risk. Perhaps they 
should be made required listening 
for magistrates, who ought to 
know better. 

Yours sincerely. 


Director. College of Health, 

18 Victoria Park Square. 

Bethnal Green. E2. 

Norms of behaviour 

From Mr Simon Edge 

Sir, In your leading article of 
March 26 you describe “the utter 
contempt for international norms 
of behaviour" which Libya has 
displayed. **It has invaded 
neighbouring countries, sought to 
subvert others, sponsored 
assassinations of exiles abroad 
and given support, training and 
sanctuary to terrorist groups”. 
With the (possible) exclusion of 
the third accusation, this seems a 
remarkably apt description of 
United States foreign policy. 

It is very proper to condemn 
Libyan crimes, but so long as Mr 

Ministers’ shares 

From Mr. S. J. Robson 

What the public 
wants on BBC 

Sir. Mrs Thatcher, our Prime 
Minister, declares that sbe has 
scrupulously observed the long- 
standing convention governing 
the holding of shares by ministers. 
I have no doubt that this is true. 

However, the more important 
issue is whether this long-standing 
convention is still valid in the 
world of today. For how long has 
this convention been in existence? 
Should it be revised? Is our Prime 
Minister really claiming that 
something that has been valid for 
many years has to be suitable 

The City of London is about to 
embark on a system of belief in 
Chinese walls, so called: these may 
or may not work. What is clear is 
that it is preferable to avoid the 
need for such walls. If all ministers 
were required to appoint trustees 
for their private investments, that 
sensibly avoids the need for one of 
these walls. 

Youre faithfully. 


5-10 Bury Street. EC3. 
March 26- 

Higher Thome. 

March 24. 

Radio franchise 

From Professor Alan Thompson 
Sir. Mr Norman Billon (March 
31). refers to the IBA’s 
••intransigence” and 

“interference" over the Rank bid 
for Granada. When Parliament 
debated the setting up of the 
Independent Television Authority 
(which subsequently became the 
IBA) it was concerned to avoid the 
experience of American 
broadcasting, where federal super- 
vision of quality of output and of 
advertising standards and timing 
was lamentably ineffective. 

In establishing the IBA. Britain 
has secured an effective com- 
promise between independent 
commercial broadcasting and a 
rigorous system of monitoring 
under parliamentary authority. 
Unless parliamentary opinion has 
changed since 1 was an MP (and 1 
do not believe that it has) mem- 
bers of Parliament expect the IBA 
to be both intransigent and inter- 
fering in maintaining one of the 
most responsible systems of 
commercial broadcasting in the 

Yours faithfully. 


1 1 Upper Gray Street. 


March 31. 

Reagan continues to seek to 
subvert the Nicaraguan regime 
and to support the terrorist 
Contras with weapons of aggres- 
sion (weapons for killing, not for 
defence), it is senseless and ob- 
scene to uphold the United States 
as the guardian of international 

Far from showing contempt for 
international norms of behaviour. 
Colonel Gaddafi seems to have 
done his utmost to follow them. It 
is the norms we must attack. 

Yours faithfully. 
Si Catharine's College. 

March 26. 

Restoring Parthenon 

From the Ephor of Antiquities. 
Acropolis Museum 

Sir. I refer to the article by Mario 
Modiano “Jigsaw operation to 
rebuild the decaying Parthenon", 
which together with a picture of 
the Parthenon with crane was 
published in The Times of Janu- 
ary 29. 

The Committee for the 
Preservation of the Acropolis 
Monuments has asked me to 
explain that the works mentioned 
in the article are not the final 
decisions but proposals submitted 
by ihe supervising architect, Mr 
Manolis Korres. 

These proposals will be dis- 
cussed at the next international 
conference on conservation and 
will then be submitted to the 
Greek Archaeological Council for 

Yours laithfullv. 

Ephor or Antiquities. 
Director's Office. 
Acropolis Museum. 





APRIL 5 1968 

From Mr M.H. Waley— Cohen 
Sir, In one of your many wise 
leaders last year on the BBC you 
commented on the frequent in- 
clination of the BBC to give the 
public what it thought the public 
should like rather than what the 
public actually wanted. I write to 
suggest that a thorough cleansing 
of the BBC in its sports reporting 

is now urgently needed before we 
get further into the summer. 

Some typical bureaucrat has 
decided that a maximum of four 
races is all that shall be televised 
from one meeting in one day, 
despite the fan that Royal Ascot 
collects the finest horses in the 
world, all trying their utmost and 
with the optimum of supervision, 
ft is sometimes beyond the capac- 
ity of the old and infirm, who have 
been going there all their adult 
lives, to get to Ascol 

Who is this governing bureau- 
crat to lay down the four— race 
rule? Surely the time has arrived 
to closely re-examine what the 
public wants and in exceptional 
cases allow the televising of a 
whole day’s race programme. 

An exactly similar situation on 
Wimbledon occurred in 1985. The 
first Monday was washed out by 
rain and play eventually started at 
approximately 5pm on the Tues- 
day. and by 7.30pm some very 
interesting matches were taking 
place, but some beastly little 
bureaucrat at the BBC decided 
that the next very dull part of the 
programme must be adhered, to 
and the public deprived of these 
interesting Wimbledon matches, 
which only occupy one fortnight a 
year anyway. Exactly the same 
thing happened in one of the one- 
day cricket matches. 

Surely the time has come for a 
very' senior officer indeed, quite 
uncontaminaled by the principle 
of only giving the public what the 
BBC thinks is good for them, to be 
in charge of sporting programmes 
and in touch with what the public 
is likely to really want, with 
complete discretion to postpone 
evening programmes if necessary 
either unlit a later date or a later 

Yours faithfully. 


At Memphis on April 3, in his last ' 
public speach, Martin Luther 
King referred to threats on his life . 

concluding, “ . . But I’m not 
concerned about that note. / just 
want to do God’s uilL And He's 

allowed me to go up to the 
mountain. And I’oe looked ouer, 
and I've seen the promised land. I 
may not get there with you. . . 
Well I'm happy tonight . . I’m not 
fairing any man. Mine eyes hate 
seen the glory of the coming of the 
Lord. " In March, 1969 James Earl 
Ray u as sentenced to 99 yean ' 
imprisonment for the murder of 
Dr King. 

Luther King 

MEMPHIS, April 4 

The Rev. Martin Luther King, 
Nobel peace prize civil rights 
leader, was shot fatally here to- 
night while leaning over a fust- 
door railing outside his hotel room. 

The 39-year-old Negro leader’s 
death was reported by Mr.Frank 
Holloman, director of Memphis 
police and fire departments, after 
he bad been taken to Sl Joseph’s 
Hospital . . . 

Huge wound 

Dr. King had been bleeding 
profusely from what appeared to be 
a huge wound in the right jaw or 
neck area as he lay face up on the 
concrete walkway before he was 
taken eway in a fire department 

His eyes appeared first half- 
closed and then open but staring. 
One of his closest aides, Mr. James 
Bevel, grief-stricken, said after Dr. 
King was removed: *T think he’s 

Dr. King had come back to 
Memphis yesterday morning to 
organize support once again for 
1,300 dustmen who have been on 
strike since the anniversary of 
Lincoln's birthday. Just a week ago 
he led a march on behalf of the 
strikers that ended in violence with 
a 16-year-old Negro killed, 62 
persons injured and 200 arrested . . 

Police poured into the area 
around the Lorraine Motel in 
Milberry Street where Dr. King 
was shot. They carried shotguns 
and rifles and sealed off the block, 
refusing to allow entry to newsmen 
and others. 

That’s my man!” 

Dr. King had been in his first- 
floor room— No. 306— throughout 
the day until just about 6 pm. 

Then he emerged, wearing a 
black suit! and white shirt- He 
paused, leaned over the green iron 
railings, and started chatting with 
an associate, Mr. Jesse Jackson, 
who was standing just below him. 

Mr. Jackson introduced him to 
Mr. Ben Branch, a musician who 
was to play at a rally Dr. King was 
to address two hours later. As Mr. 
Jackson and Mr. Branch spoke of 
Dr. King's last moments later, the 
aide asked Dr. King: “Do you know 

"Yes. that's my man!" Dr. King 

They said that Dr. King then 
asked if Branch would play a 
spiritual, “Precious Lord, take my 
hand", at the night meeting. "I 
really want you to play that 
tonight". Dr. King said . - . 

A member of the King group. 
The Rev. Samuel Kyles, of Mem- 
phis, said Dr. King "had stood 
there about three minutes". 

The Rev. Ralph W. Abernathy, 
perhaps Dr. King’s closest friend, 
was just about to come out of the 
room. A sudden loud noise burst 
out. Dr. King toppled to the 
concrete passageway floor and 
blood began gushing from a wound 
Someone rushed up with a towel to 
staunch the flow of blood A 
blanket was placed over him. 

Mr. Abernathy burned down 
with a second larger towel And 
then the aides waited, while police 
rushed up within minutes and in 
what seemed to be a long 10 or 15 
minutes an ambulance finally 

"He had just bent over", Mr. 
Jackson recalled later. “If he had 
been standing up, he wouldn't have 
been hit in the face". . . 

New York Times News Service. 

Election expenses 

From Mr Stephen Kramer 
Sir, Your report today (March 28) 
makes it clear that according to Mr 
Norman Tebbil (than whom — 
one supposes — there can almost 
be no greater authority) "... lhe 
campaign has already started" for 
the most sophisticated high tech- 
nology election campaign ever to 
be fought in Britain. 

If before his pronouncement, 
Mr Tebbil was unaware of the 
criterion for the commencement 
of election expenses, doubtless 
since then his legal advisers and 
colleagues have enlightened him. 

Can we now expea Mr Tebbit 
and all Conservative prospective 
candidates to declare on their 
returns at the appropriate time 
after the next general election, 
every expense from March 27, 
1986 ? 

Yours faithfully, 


10 King’s Bench Walk, 

Temple, EC4. 

Exit a bear 

From Mr H. Holland— Jones 
Sir, In reply to your correspondent 
at the beginning of March this year 
. . “What happens when March 
comes in like a polar bear?" Well, 
now we know! It goes out like a po- 
lar bear too! 

Yours sincerely. 







Some q silky scheduling on 
Channel 4 last night Launched 
a new run of the topical health 
series Well Being with Sue the 
Doctor, a bought-in American 
documentary about the legal 
jeopardy of one of the more 
suable specialists, an obstetri- 
cian — and then followed it 
with The Cosby SHqk, a breezy 
American comedy about a 
fictional obstetrician whose 
major headaches derive from 
his own sportive offspring. 

The second half of Well 
Being's doable MIL The Wall 
of Silence, concentrated on the 
efforts of three British plain- 
tiffs to gain redress for medi- 
cal malpractice: the parents of 
a brain-damaged baby who 
made headlines by successful- 
ly suing the consultant obste- 
trician (who. seen here only in 
a snatched still photograph, is 
still practising); a woman 
whose routine operation ren- 
dered her incapable of writing, 
counting or knitting; and a 
former nurse who spent ten 
years recovering her legal 
costs after two operations left 
her with a permanent 

It mast take unimaginable 
fortitude to face the rest of 
one's life having to draw each 
breath through a hole in one's 
throat as well as dogged 
optimism to confront the medi- 
cal profession's predictable 

The crux of the matter is 
that in common with airline 
pilots, doctors thrive on the 
unquestioning confidence of 
the public, and. in common 
with lawyers, they tend to 
protect their own. The trolley- 
chasing proclivities of Ameri- 
can lawyers have lately raised 
protests even in that litigation- 
happy land, but this pro- 
gramme made out an effective 
case for more accountability 
and less secrecy. 

Meanwhile, in another part 
of the airwaves. BBC1 afford- 
ed a second opportunity to 
penetrate the wall of secrecy 
snrronnding Wynne and 
Penkovsky. the first of the 
three-part serial first trans- 
mitted in January. Taken from 
Greville Wynne's own account 
of his dealings with the Rus- 
sian double-agent Oleg 
Penkovsky. its most successful 
sequence showed the would-be 
defector, played with fluent 
Slavic expressiveness by 
Christopher Rozycki, bathing 
in die cirvanic delights of the 
free world: after-shave, expen- 
sive blondes, the jive. It also 
showed jnst why it is that 
actors relish playing spies. 

Martin Cropper 



Festival Hall 

Mone and more it is Mahler's 
capaciousness that astonishes. 
Stravinsky one might have 
thought beyond the range of 
his earliest prophecies, but last 
nights performance of his 
First Symphony, conducted 
by Riccardo Muti. had a 
particular vibrancy, pride and 
definition of colour that 
brought the work looking 
ahead to Petrushka much 
more than it looked back over 
the landscapes of German 


of brutal 


Barbican . 

Without Ariane Mnouchkine — who 
first adapted and staged it in 1979 —it 
is unlikely that Klaus Mann's novel 
would have been released in Germa- 
ny. much less catapulted into fame by 
isivan Szabo’s film. 

The film was a thrilling piece of 
work: but for anyone who wonders 
why Mephisto is coming round again 
1 can only say that Adriane Noble and 
the RSC now reveal it as one of the 
greatest plavs of theatrical life which 
can only be'fully presented through a 
perfomance on a stage. 

Transparently autobiographical, 
Mann's story follows the career of 
Hendrik Hofgen, a figure based on his 
former friend Gustav Grundgens. a 
flamboyant left-wing actor of the 
1920s who did a quick-about turn 
when the Nazis came to power. 

Through his career the play at once 
examines the different roles theatre 
can perform in society, and the 
operation of a theatre community as a 
model of the outer world, besides 
showing how a particular man re- 
sponded at a particularly excruciating 
moment of history. 

At the same time, the audience 
themselves are put on the spot In the 
Barbican, are we applauding a chunk 
of institutionalized culture, such as 
Hofgen’s sell-out Faust in the Ham- 
burg Schauspielhaus. or a subversive 
entenainment such as Hofgens's 
Communist friends put on in their 
satirical cabaret? 

In Mnouchkine's own production 
this point was pressed home by 
means of reverse seating, so that the 
entire audience swung round to see 

Torch Song Trilogy 


Dame Anna Neagle once described a 
show of hers as “a bit of a smile, a bit 
of a tear”: Harvey Fierstein’s award- 
winning glimpse at the hazards 
besetting a drag-queen's quest for 
love is a raunchier version of this 
ever-popular mix. A bit of a sexy 
laugh, a bit of mimed coupling at an 
orgy , a bit of a plea for understanding 
from Momma and society, a bit of the 
pain and brevity of things. Also a 
soppy ending. 

It is a happy, happy ending, that 
goes without saying. Hero tucks up 
with home-made cookies from Mom- 
ma, framed photograph of dead lover 

V -.vJ 

•7 . f 

• -W 

• i/ .. - . '■ 1 

Great play of theatrical life: Alan Rickman, Fiona Shaw and Sean Baker in Mephisto 

official culture at one end of the hall 
and sketches about bureaucracy and 
the 1 923 figures Putsch at the other. 

This arrangement is not available 
to Mr Noble and his designer, John 
Gunter, who instead employ a majes- 
tic false proscenium with a makeshift 
truck stage for the cabaret numbers. If 
anything, this strengthens the con- 
trast as it is all happening in the same 
space; and the rhythm of Mnou- 
chkine's text resides in its use of 

One anti-Nazi sketch farcically 
identifying the telephone as a public 
enemy is followed by a scene with the 
phone ringing in earnest as a shrill 
warning to the company. A starving 
boy stumbles in and embarks on his 
life with the Nazis by devouring a 
crust of bread; a scene immediately 
followed by the sight of Hofgen and 
his friends selecting live lobsters in an 
exclusive restaurant 

and memento of current lover, while 
the radio plays a record requested by 
his pert schoolboy "son” and does 
not shrink from including the boy-to- 
man dedication. Too much. 

Unrealized by. Arnold, Ed and the 
other keen seekers of true happiness 
in this trilogy, they were living in 
antediluvian times. These 1979 plays 
may give expression to the outsider’s 
timeless anguish but to see them 
today is like looking at the innocently 
confident work of a painter lucky 
enough to die before the Black Death. 
There is sharp wit, fair comment and 
the view of a life but as for anything 
that is being experienced in the 

contemporary world the plays are 


After six months with Antony Sher 

Another setting is a railway bridge; 
first brought on for Hofgen's careerist 
departure to Berlin, the second time 
to show the Dachau transports. The 
same image first projects freedom, 
and then the most horrendous 

Through Ibis intimately self-inflict- 
ing kaleidescope we watch Hofgen 
gradually parting company with his 
communist and Jewish colleagues; 
and from the black dancer who he 
treats as a masochistic playmate. 
Come the purge on racial inferiors 
and she returns to him, someone he 
incited to savage games whom he 
now casts off in limes of real 

What the play does not show is how 
good an actor Hofgen is. Its one soft 
spot lies in the suggestion that his art 
as well as his moral identity is 
destroyed by collaboration. That is 
certainly the line adopted by Alan 

in the main role, the play’s last weeks 
give Londoners to chance to see the 
author instead. He played the part in 
New York and won a Tony. The play 
won a Tony too. 

Fierstein is fatter than Sher. This is 
not a statement of reproof (I too am 
fatter than Sher) but the part asks for 
fatness and as fat Arnold - far yet 
intelligent, heavy yet sensitive — be 
can look like a pink blancmange 
sounding off like a Brooklyn Master 
of Fox Hounds playing Bette Davis. 

The first play offers the flavour of 
camp revue and not much else: The 
second has the ingenious setting of a 
bed as laige as a boxing-ring — on 
which Arnold's ex-lover Ed (Rupert 
Frazer, deeply troubled), Ed's wife 
(Belinda Sinclair, understanding), Ar- 


True colour and character 

Perhaps the connection is 
through Scriabin, at present a 
potent force in Muti’s reper- 
tory, or perhaps Stravinsky is 
just what becomes of Mahler 
when his music is conveyed 
with this conductor's magiste- 
rial superbness. 

In any event, the perfor- 
mance was as surprising in 
derail as it was grand in 

The grandeur was largely 
architectural. Muti was quite 
unambiguous about formal 
structures, perhaps a shade 
too unambiguous in the inner 

movements both of which 
came to decisive halts, the one 
before its trio, the other after. 

But it was interesting to 
hear the first movement done 
as prelude and allegro, the first 
half held back (although confi- 
dently, without any foresty 
mysteriousness), the second, 
from the moment where the 
horns roll about in D major, 
moving forward with sublime 

Of course Muti's firm con- 
viction disposed of any prob- 
lems in the finale, the return of 
the opening being still more 

stark and wild, the brassy 
peroration brooking no 

The range of colour and 
character was huge, from that 
fierce storminess in the finale 
to a plush, barely articulated 
loveliness in the trio of the 
third movement, and often it 
was used to heighten simulta- 
neous contrasts: to accentuate, 
for instance, the horn's rude 
parody of the country dance at 
the start of the second move- 
ment (an effect nicely remem- 
bered where the bassoon has 
this role later), or to clarify the 

overlapping of waltz and 
march, procession and tavern 

For most conductors these 
are elements in a spiritual 
autobiography, important 
more as symbols than as 
objects. Muti's unswerving 
attention to the presented 
substance of the music was 

His championing of 
Honegger’s Second Symphony 
in the first half was again 
laudable, and graced by John 
Wallace's noble delivery of the 
chorale to keep alive some 
hope of a Honegger revival. 

Paul Griffiths 

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Royal Ballet 

Covent Garden 

David Bintiey’s The Sons of 
Horus occupies a middle 
ground between plotless and 
dramatic ballets, so it was 
aptly placed on last night’s 
programme at Covent Garden 
between Ashton's all-dancing 
Birthday Offering and his 
Turgenev adaptation A Month 
in the Country. 

Bintley does not really tell 
the story of how Isis invented 
mummification to preserve 
the remains of her dead 
husband, but uses it as the 
pretext for a series of dances 
which develop a variety of 
moods although only one 
breaks away from the prevail- 
ing seriousness. 

Thai single exception is the 
trio for Hapi, the ape-headed 
god who protects the lungs, 
with two handmaids, and it 
suffered from the absence of 
its original performer, Stephen 
Jef&nes. Replacing him, Guy 
Niblett performed the steps 
carefully, but be lacks 
Jefferies's daring in the many 
sudden falls, as well as 
Jefferies’s sense of humour. 

Apart from that, we had the 
cast for whom the roles were 
made last year, all of them 
dancing well Ashley Page as 
the jackal-headed deity dances 
with a darkly glittering 
strength, and Anthony Dowell 
with a quiet dignity. 

Marie Silver's long, light 
solos perhaps could have done 
with a little more sharpness 
but (judging from his partici- 
pation in a singularly depress- 
ing Giselle the previous night, 
when almost every rote was 
either too brittle or too limp in 
execution) he may not have 
properly recovered strength 
after his recent Alness. 

Lesley Collier provides the 
ballet with its focus, from her 
slow, very simple solo of grief 
at the beginning to her solitary 

obeisance at the end, with the 
duel in which Dowell is her 
partner, as its highlight Her 
hushed sincerity and her keen 
responsiveness to the nuances 
of Peter McGowan’s gently 
repetitious ritual music are an 
unfailing pleasure to watch. 

Collier’s musicality, this 
time allied with a joyous 
vivacity in her solo and a 
serene happiness in the duet 
with Jay Jolley, was the chief 
source of delight in Birthday 
Offering too. 

Some of the other soloists 
looked nonplussed or out- 
classed by Ashton’s choreog- 
raphy, which never does the 
obvious thing but shows an 
inspired inventiveness — in- 
spired I must add by the 
availability in 1956 of a more 
distinguished collection of 
ballerinas than the Royal Bal- 
let has ever been able to field 

This work, even when less 
than ideally done, is vintage 
Ashton. If I suggest that A 
Month in the Country is, by 
his standards, a minor work, I 
shall risk lynching, but hones- 
ty compels, and it seems to me 
sad that the Royal Ballet feels 
obliged to keep plugging this 
piece when several of his 
greatest ballets lie neglected, 
above all Symphonic Varia- 
tions , which passes its fortieth 
birthday this month without 
any commemoration, unper- 
formed since 1979. 

However, it is A Month in 
the Country that we have. The 
best performed roles were the 
two youngest, Viviana 
Durante maintaining the high 
level of expressive pathos 
which Vera has evoked from 
all her interpreters and Simon 
Rice, already the most vividly 
mercurial Kolia, striving to 
outdo himself. The leading 
roles were underplayed 
(Beliaev) or exaggerated 
(Natalia) in a way that served 
neither Ashton nor Turgenev. 

John Perdval 

Rickman, a secretive and inwardly 
tormented figure from foe start, 
finally reduced to near-infantile wails 
of setfdefence m the ultimate line of 
self-incrimination: *Tm only an 

The surrounding company is mag- 
nificent; to a man, following the 
play's severely humanistic tactic of 
uncovering positive qualities in nega- 
tive characters and letting you sec 
how easy, at that time, it would have 
been to go along the same road as the 
German people. 

Thanks partly to Dona Sekacz’s 
plangent, jauntily brutal pastiche 
Weimar score, the show has an 
atmosphere you can almost taste; 
repeatedly changed and developed by 
performers like Fiona Shaw, Susan 
Tracey, and Clive Menison who 
briefly make the play their own. 

Irving Wardle 

nold and his ’ sweet-faced adorer 
(Rupert Graves), all disport them- 
selves. so as to develop the main plot 
line so fan with whom will the 
humourless Ed find truest fulfillment 

The last play brings on Miriam 
Karlin to flash eyelids at her Arnold’s 
perverse desire to adopt Ian Sears' 
cool delinquent child. Fierstein’s 
playing has been broadening through- 
out the evening and then it explodes 
into farce. He must tike it this way but 
it blocks the routes to neater, subtler 
points that could have saved the play 
from farce's flipside, sentimentality. I 
do not mind a quick splash of that, 
but when a deep wallow threatens I 
doodle cactuses in my programme. 

Jeremy Kingston 


lack of 

David Hockney: 
Moving Focus 


Hockney’s lithograph Hold 
Acatlan : First Day 1985 de- 
picts the type of hotel court- 
yard to be found throughout 
the breadth and length of the 
Americas, Most of the long 
composition fa taken up with ' 
the lowering beams of the 
portico and the monotonous 
red of the floor below. The 
slice of sun-baked Mexican 
gardens presented is cut up by 
five solid, police-blue col- 
umns. In comparison Hotel 
Acatlan: Two Weeks Later 
1985-86 is a whirlpool of 
experience, sensation and de- 
light in a taut paradise of the 
artist’s invention. This series 
is perhaps the most successful 
in his endeavour to master 
time and space, which has led 
him to photo-collage and new 
lithographic techniques. 

Hockney has referred to a 
principle in Chinese painting 
called "moving focus", which 
acknowledges the spectator’s 
roving eye. Despite this he has 
more in common with west- 
ern artists of the end of the last 
century and the be ginning of 
this who attempted to incor- 
porate an additional spatial 
dimension and time into their 
paintings. He does not have 
the discipline of Monet, Picas- 
so or Braque, so it is difficult 
to see his work without com- 
paring it unfavourably with 
these and other early modern 
masters. Looking at Caribbe- 
an Teatime, one wonders 
what Matisse would have 
made of ft. An Image of Celia 
1984-86 is tittle more than a 

this estimate, attracting a mm 
audience in excess of 300- 
million, receives far less no- 
tice from the media (radio 
itself included) than a year’s 
supply °f fringe plays per- 
formed to minute audiences m 
pubs. . . . 

Does it have anything to do 
with the fact that out of that 
500 many are pretty hum- 
drum? Perhaps, but it still 
leaves as many which are 
competent or even very good. 
It remains a problem to single 
out the best for mention. More 
to the point, radio plays are 
not a special case of neglect 
Virtually the whole of radio's 
output is just as .resolutely 
ignored by tke media- It takes 
a departure of a Wogan, the 
advent of a Parkinson, or a 
threat to the Archers to make 

The decline of radio as news 
is said to date from the rise of 
television. Obviously it must 
be to some extent, and yet I 
have the impression that even 
from the days when broadcast- 
ing was radio and audiences 
were huge and nationwide, 
coverage was often patchy. 
Certainly sound as a literary- 
artistic medium had difficulty 
being taken quite as seriously 
as it might have liked, mainly 
because it ran into such a deal 
of snobbery from the cultural 
mafia which not even the birth 
of the Third Programme was 
quite able to dispeL 

Part of the trouble was, and 
maybe still is, that radio is 
encyclopaedic. It puts out 
such a mass and a diversity of 
material that, as with drama, 
ft is hard to know where and 
what to select, and this in- 
duces the rather curious effect 
that all broadcast material 
seems to be of nearly equal 

When delivered by loud- 
speaker the weather forecast . 
and the works of Shakespeare 
are not as different as they 
ought to be. Of course televi- 
sion is encyclopaedic too and 
tends to flatten out differ- 
ences. Yet the box has never 
had the slightest problem in 
attracting notice and review 
and even a modicum of 
cultural esteem. Why? 

Paradoxically radio's 

once there were pictures as 
well, there was only one way 
things could go. and that was 
the wav thev went. 

Much of the history of radio 
since television has been an 
attempt to compensate. One 
approach has been to try to 
persuade young audiences 
that sound alone has things to 
offer not available in the 
presence of vision. Then may- 
be they will stay on as adult 

So far it has not been all that 
successful. There has been a 
string of children's pro- - 
g r am mes in recent years and 
the response has always been 
the same: the adults loved 
them and the children stayed; 
away in droves. So what wifi 
happen to the latest effort? 
Oft's Whiskers (Radio 4, 
producer Caroline Smith) has 
been going out every morning 
this last week and is aimed at 
the undo" 12s. 

Actor Paul Nicholas 
presents and he sounds ami- 
ably dotty and disorganized— 
the sent of chap a kid can pity. 
His sidekick. Jenny Luckxaft, 
is a 13 year old with a large 
Mancunian accent, a voice 
tike a small foghorn and a 
confident way with the script. 
She should induce audience 
identification- Then' there are 
quizzes, competitions, run- 
ning gags and some excellent 
material: Asterix, Ted 
Hughes's gripping story of the 
Iron Man, a serial by Willis 
Hall, and, by no means least, 
some accomplished five- 
minute plays written by 

So is this to be another case 
of what the adults love? There 
is a difference here and it’s 
thought to be important: Cat's 
Whiskers has been going out 
from 9.05 to 10.00am. That, it 
is hoped, will catch the kids 
before they are seduced by 
Roland Rat and proveto them 
that there » more to radio 
than seamless pop: I think ft 
stands the best chance yet, 
although as long as we have 
eyes, vision and television in 
particular Is ^ttng to rule. 

David Wade 

Crude, updated fanvfam: Hockney’s Red Celia 

good pastiche of Picasso. Red 
Celia is a crude, but vivid; 
piece of updated fauvism. 

The contemporary sponta- 
neity that has always been 
Hockney's hallmark appears 
to be maintained in this show. 
He can still be admired as a 
'spectacular technician. His 
line and colour continue to 
have an instant appeal. He has 
paid a price, however, for his 
ivory-tower isolation. His en- 
viable inventiveness has seen 
him chum out ideas like a 
constantly spinning wheel, 
with the result that the present 
exhibition is full of side-shows 
but lacks any convincing 
direction. . ' 

He projects his mother at us 
in three boxes, and makes us 
peer in and out at Walking 
Past Two Chairs 1984-86 by 
lacquering the glass and paint- 
ing the rhomboid frame, it 
succeeds in giving a fleeting 
sense of extra space, but can 
more easily be appreciated as 

an up-ended pinball machine. 
-He entertains us with the 
frame of An Image of Gregory 
and a group of chatting chairs 
in the luscious screen Caribbe- 
an Teatime , but the impact of 
the Acatlan scene u diluted , 
and nearly lost amid this ■ 

The Acatlan andPem broke 
Studio series are the -most - 
compelling in the show. Pem- 
broke Studio Interior 1985 
naturally shares the same 
intensity about a place as the 
later Acatlan pic ture l« two- 
dimensional structure may 
seem too picto rally confused, 
but it does convey the artist's 
strong feelings. Too many of 
Hockney’s recent works are 
emotionally flat and are little 
credit to an artist of his 
standing. _ There are many 
other British painters provid- 
ing a more positive lead. 

The dhow is open until May 

M ‘ Alistair Hicks 

By Order of D.H. Gilbert aca, Liquidator of P&O Carpets lw 
Complete winding up of one of the United Kinari nm * 


selection ou) 

•V*., m*«ii a bArwn ■ WWUJ v ICO utNUINE HANnuarve • tmrv/tl 




AT 7.00 p.m. ON. SUNDAY 6th APRii 


P&O CARPETS LTD on liquidate 

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April 5-11, 1986 


A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

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Tackling a fence in last yearns National: ‘You know immediately whether the horse has gone over the top, whether the bnOd op has sent him over and he’s bottled out ... or whether he's revving and going for it.' 

How we beat the odds at Aintree 

- v; : Last Suspect nearly 

ii".x didn’t ran in last year’s 
Grand National. In what 
was supposed to be his 
„ ; last warm-up race, at 
^ Warwick, he ran badly, 
j lost interest and failed to 
finish. That was enough 
■ '{£)£% for his trainer, Tim 
< Forster, and. owner, 

: Anne Ducfaess of 
I Westminster. They took 
very tittle timeio decide that there was no point 
in running him in the most testing race of all. 
Hywel Davies, then 28, who had previously 
ridden four times in the National and never 
finished the course, heard about the decision 
only hours before the horse was to he formally 
withdrawn. Nearly in tears, he pleaded with the 
trainer to leave Last Snspect in the race. Mr 

Forster was reluctant; hot suggested Davies 


telephone the owner directly. With considerable 
misgivings, and only as a favour to a loyal 
jockey, she agreed to let her horse ran. 

On the morning of the race Last Suspect was 
66-1; the near unanimous opinion of the racing 
tipsters was that he stood absolutely no chance 
of winning. The Times A to Z guide to the race 
shared that view, as did his owner ami trainer. 
Hywel Davies, talkin g to Marcel Berlins, takes 
op the story of a victory that surprised everyone: 


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4 1 thought he had a 
very good each- 
way chance. He'd 
never ever fallen in 
his life, he'd never 
unseated a jockey. 
He'd proved he 
was a sound 
juniper and 1 knew 
be was a dour stayer and 
would last the 416 miles. But I 
didn't think he quite had the 
speed • 

In the hour before the race I 
had a cup of tea and tried to 
compose myself. - ! was think- 
ing about how to {dace him at 
all the fences. I didn't want 
him to make a mistake on the 
first circuit, because I knew 
that would put him off. The 
first circuit is a survival test 
anyway, and what I wanted 
was to make sure he kept out 
of trouble, jumped cleanly and 
enjoyed the race. For Old Sus 
ft was very important that he 
enjoyed it. If he got sulky, he’d 
start putting the brakes on and 
dropping himself out. And 
once he's decided he's going to 
stop there's nothing you can 
do. Thai's what happened at 
Warwick is his previous race. 
1 knew he bad the class, it was 
just a matter of getting it out of 

The National's different 
from any other race. The 
camaraderie is very close in 
the weighing room before- 
hand, everyone wishing every- 
one else good luck, building 
up each other's confidence. 

But when you get down to 
the start everyone’s under a lot 
of pressure and there's excite- 
ment and apprehension. I 
didn't feel nervous at all until 
1 was at tbe start. Then I got 
very keyed up. You've been 
waiting and building up and 
you just want to get on with it. 
I was sweating freely from the 
nerves and the tension, soak- 
ing wet 

Ton not thinking about win- 
ning at all. The chances of 
getting round are slim enough, 
so winning is unreaL You 
don’t even think of it I'm just 
thinking about getting round, 
negotiating all those fences, 
going into the land of the 
unknown. Last Suspect hadn't 
been there before. I was 
gambling on that I hoped it 
would get him interested, get 
his blood up, so that he would 
forget his roguishness and get 
the best out of himself. 

1 knew exactly where I 

wanted to be at more or less 
every fence. I'd decided to go 
round the outside. It's not that 
he gets upset if there axe too 
many horses round him, but 
he would resent getting 
bumped around. He's concen- 
trating, so when he starts 
gening knocked off his bal- 
ance it unnerves him. He's a 
bit of a freak, and it would 
lake him a long time to settle 
down again. 

When you’re lining up for 
the start there seems to be so 
much room. But once the gate 
goes up there are horses 
everywhere. You're looking to 
try to move, to look for a gap. 
trying to get a good sighting at 
the first fence. You have a 
flash of seeing it and (hen you 
get blinded and then you have 
a flash of it again. You're 
trying to concentrate on mea- 
suring your stride and there 
are horses crossing in front of 
you. It’s not easy. 

out, they stick the brakes on. 
So you’ve got to drive, drive, 
drive and keep the speed up. 
Otherwise they haven't got the 
impulsion to get over iL The 
danger is that they land on top 
of it. I felt Sus drop a bit when 
he caught sight of it — it was 
the biggest fence he’d ever 
seen. And it was a bit unnerv- 
ing for him. He did have a real 
long look at iL So I kept on 
driving and he jumped it big 
and well. 

Then two plain fences and 
down to Becher's Brook. All 
the jockeys are shouting at 
each other ‘good luck’ and ‘see 
you on the other side'. 

Becher's is phenomenal. 
From the take-off side it looks 
a perfectly normal fence. 
Horses that have never 
jumped it before don’t know 
there’s a big drop the other 
side and they jump it jusi like 
any other fence. Halfway over 
they realize and they just kind 

LAST SUSPECT: Can be safely crossed oITyour list. 
In same ownership as Arkle but should not be 
mentioned in same breath. 

LENEY DUAL: May be involved in dud for last place. 
LUCKY VANE: Prone to occasional serious error and 
surprised jpany by getting round to finish fourth last 

Bookies, tipsters and The Times got it wrong last year 

You know immediately 
whether the horse has gone 
over the top, whether the 
build up has sent him over 
and he's bottled out on you 
and lost his confidence, or 
whether he's revving and go- 
ing for it. Some horses start 
rushing it and then just peck it 
in. Others come out just right. 
All they want is to think about 
what they're doing. 

I knew that Last Suspect 
was in that sort of mood as 
soon as we approached the 
first. When he caught sight of 
it his ears were pricked, and he 
was looking for it, feeling that 
he wanted to jump h. 

It roust be terrible to foil at 
the first, but he's jumped it 
well and cleanly ana immedi- 
ately I think thank God for 
that, he's got over the first and 
we’re under way’. 

The second is OK and he's 
now settling down into his 
routine. The third fence is a 
huge fence, a big open ditch 
enough lo drive a car through. 
And the horses do often bottle 

'of freeze, they stop breathing, 
their mouths open. They must 
die the death, because there’s 
no ground there, it’s just gone. 
But Old Sus was great over it, 
like an old gentleman should 
be. Preservation was foremost 
in his mind. He just glided 
down and landed softly. 

Then there’s a small fence 
which you just pop over. You 
try to get your breather over 
dial one. 

Then the Canal Turn. 
That's a bit tricky because 
you've got to meet it and jump 
it at an angle, and then 
Valentine's Brook, which is a 
big fence with a bit of a drop to 
the side and a ditch on the 
landing side which the horse 
can't see. But be jumped it 
really well. 

Coming towards the end of 
the first circuit he was still 
enjoying it, going round nicely 
on the bridle, and I found 
myself a lor handier than i 
thought I'd be. Just coming to 
the last two fences with a 
circuit to run. I realized how 

dose f was. I was quite 

I gave him a real big kick on 
the fence before the Chair. I 
wanted him to fly over so that 
he'd do the same over the 
nexL The Chair is a daunting 
fence, but he met it spot on, 
ran righi up to the take-off 
board, got plenty of height and 
jumped it beautifully. 

By the time I jumped the 
water (the last jump on the 
first circuit) I was lying third 
or fourth. But I still wasn’t 
thinking about winning or 
anything. I've seen horses 
start to back up once they’ve 
crossed the Melling Road and 
realize they’re going out to do 
the same circuit again. That 
was my most worrying time, 
going across the Melling Road 
the second time. Thai’s when I 
thought he might lose interest 
and say to himself Tve done 
this one. I don’t want to do it 

He jumped the first one well 
and then started to swish his 
tail, which is usually a sign 
that a horse has had enough. 
But Last Suspect is quite a 
peculiar horse, and I think in 
his case it was more nerves 
than resentment. Anyway he 
jumped the next few fences 
well and he absolutely flew 
Becher’s second time around. 

Even after that I was never 
thinking “my God, we've got a 
winning chance'. I just 
thought 'Hey. we've got a great 
chance of gening round, un- 
less something dreadful 

We got a bit of a bump at 
the Canal Turn the second 
time and it unnerved him. He 
immediately started to throw 
in the toweL So I drove him 
into Valentine’s, which he 
flew, jumped it even better 
than the first time, and then he 
was back in the hunt 

He was fine until he came to 
the third last, when he 
dropped his hind legs on the 
fence. But that was my fault. I 
tried to shorten him, and I 
should have allowed him to 
run and jump the fence. As we 
landed I was saying to myself 
‘Oh you idiot*. I thought I'd 
finished his chances. 

I came into the straight and 
suddenly realized there were 
only two fences to jump. I 
looked to see how many 
horses were in front of me. I 
saw the two leaders going 
away. Corbiere and Mr 

Snugfil. and I looked to my 
left and Greasepaint was 
there, but under pressure, and 
1 thought i’m going to be 
third, third in the Grand 
National. Fantastic'. 

He met the second last 
wrong again, and I blame 
mvsdf a Jinle biL Bui he 

jumped it carefully, though he 
lost a length. By this 

stage the 
other two were going away 
from me. I just kept working. 

He flew the last fence and 
landed running, and then I 
suddenly realized ‘My God 1 
could be second' because I 
could see Corbiere was tiring. 
His head was on one side. 

By then I was so hyped. I 
didn't notice how tired I was. I 
started driving and driving 
and gave him a few smacks 
and begged him for more. 

He agreed to pass Corbiere 
and when we got to the Elbow 
I put my stick in my right 
hand and I saw Mr Snugfit 

about three lengths ahead. So I 
really belied him one, the 
hardest I'd hit him at any 
stage. And he just went. He'd 
never responded like that 
before. I think what happened 
is that he came round the 
Elbow, saw the leader, and 
realized how easy it would be 
to pass him. And when 1 hit 
him hard, he said to himself 
‘Alright, I’ve been thinking of 
that, but I’ll do it now’. And 
voom. he flew. 

As soon as I hit him I knew I 
had the race won even 
though I was still about 
three lengths behind. And 
then as I passed Mr 
Snugfit it hit me. 

Tve won the 
National.' And 
then 1 realized how 
exhausted I was. I 
got very emotionaL 
There's no feeling 
like iL 

©Times Newspapers Lid 1986 


Paula Wilcox in 
the serious side 
of a comic 
actress, page 18 

Arts Diary 







Eating Ont 

F Urns 


18 Gardening 13 
14 Out and About 14 

14 Open 
18 Photography 

14 Review 
18 Shopping 

15 Theatre 

15 Times Cook 
18 Trawl 

18 TV and radio 17 


4 miles 856 yards approx 

Valentine’s Canal 
^ Brook Turn 

Anchor Bridge 

Starter's orders: Michael Phillips's preview. The Times A-Z gtride, runners; jockeys aad form, page 36 

G len&ddich Hire Utah Whisky is unique among malts. 

No other Highland Mail uses a single source of 
pure natural spring water throughout from distilling to 

Since J8S7 the waters of the Robbie Dubh have en- 
sured the consistent purity of taste for which Glen&ddich 
is justly famous. 

GIenficklich.The pure mat 

r-TT“ ' 

•ii. ^ 


Edited by Shona Crawford Poole 



Marooned in a pineapple patch 

Michael Watkins concludes his 
series on out-of-the-way places 

in the Azores, where he is 

beguiled by the verdant and 
drowsy charms of an undefiled island 


You never know with travel: you 
could end up with a lollipop, or 
the taste of bile in your mouth. 
And this is its attraction, for in our 
tidy society travel remains one of 
the last frontiers of the unpred- 

Take the Azores: all nine of 
them, staunchly anchored to the 
mid- Atlantic sea-bed. What I had 
intended was. if not the entire 
archipelago then certainly a 
healthy cross-section of four or 
five. Instead I found myself 
marooned on one for 48 hours — 
the island of Sao MigueL 
Forty-eight hours, you have 
every right to consider, is not long 
enough to form a valid opinion. 
Quite so: but is it necessary to 
drink a whole bottle of wine to get 
its measure? I am happy with a 
swig or two . . . which in the case 
of wines grown on the islands of 
Pico. Graciosa and Terceira, was 
rather overdoing things. 

For the Azores, the 
dock stopped the 
day before yesterday 

Neither, if I am honest, can I 
rhapsodize about the cooking as 
prepared by the Cavalo Branco, 
the Santa Barbara restaurant re- 
nowned for .Azorean specialities. 
This particular treat consisted of 
cabbage soup, boiled goat and 

Pineapples proliferate. They are 
cultivated with bellicosity, point- 
ing their spiky foliage skywards. 
Armed, as they are, with nuclear- 
warheads. these pineapples are the 
Azorean defence-system. They 

will never be launched, of course, 
for the simple reason that the 
island will continue to snooze 
uninterruptedly for the rest of 

It would be misleading to say 
that the Azores belong to yester- 
day. For them the clock stopped 
the day before yesterday, with a 
certain drowsy charm in which no 
ill will befall you. Such is the trust 
that keys, by custom, are left in 
front-doors, allowing access to the 
neighbours. It is a nicely informal 
note among an otherwise formal 

"My name”, my guide and 
mentor formally introduced him- 
self “is Professor Luciano de 
Resende Moia Vieira and our 
chauffeur's name is Mr Mario 
Manuel Barbosa Botelho. They 
are long names, but we have 
plenty of time here." It was not a 
frivolous statement because Pro- 
fessor Luciano etcetera, was not a 
humorous man. He later impart- 
ed his formula for success: "You 
should eat more beans”, he ad- 
vised. "and admire more flowers”. 

Finding the local beans unpalat- 
able. I concentrated instead on the 
flowers which, if anything, oul-did 
the pineapples. It is not an 
exaggeration io claim that Sao 
Miguel is one vast garden measur- 
ing 62km by 1 6km in which 
hydrangeas, azaleas, hibiscus, and 
cannas are rampant. 

And where flowers begin to thin 
out, tea and tobacco plantations 
take over. Wilderness belongs 
only to mountain slopes and to 
those areas of the earth's crust 
which have the bad manners to 
gurgle and belch — as they did on 
the day they came adrift from the 

v , : • - - , - V;. 

v: • ■ -f - - .»- v - - --v? 

Atlantic gawtpn r Magnificent flowers like these hydrangeas proliferate on S4o Miguel 


British Airways and TAP Air Portugal fly 
to Sao Miguel via Lisbon; BA to Lisbon from 
£1 14. TAP Lisbon to Sao Miguel from 

The only hotel I Weed on the island was 
the Caloura (9560 Lagoa, S3o Miguel), 
double £15.90 plus lunch and dinner at 
£4.90 per meal. 

Suntours of Witney, Madeira House. Com 
Street, Witney, Oxon (0993 76969) feature a 
7-day trip to the Azores from £358. ( 

sun. This gaseous quarter, redo- into 
lent of bad eggs, is in the Fomas whofa 
Valley on the banks of a cabs and boon 
beguiling lake. turn. 

With Professor t-nripwa I boffii 
peered into a few of the sotjauma de Pc 
popular among those who choose tells ; 
to cook in the open. The principle mud 
of the operation is that you pop the ul 
your cabbage soap, goat and so on Set 

Lisbon to Sao Miguel from 

into a sealed pot, burying the 
whole afihir in the ground. Four 
boors later you dig it op, done to a 
turn. After that we watched mud 
hotting in the ground at Gtidrira 
de Pern Botdbo.. And if anybody 
leOs yon that looking at boiling 
mud ts anything more genial than 
the ultimate bore, be is tying. 
Settlement by the Portuguese 

started in 1444. In 1582 the Span- 
ish came, remaining until the 
restoration of Portugal's indepen- 
dence in 1640. After the 1974 
Revolution the Azores were as- 
sured their own legislative assem- 
bly and government Portuguese, 
but not Portuguese; for these 
islands are a long way from 
mainland Portugal, and their peo- 

ple. unless I am wide of the mark, 
are a breed in which vulcanism is 
not extinct. • 

Whv else have they remained so 
unde filed by outside, contagions? 
You could say because airline 
schedules are enough to put 
anyone off. that there is a shortage 
of good hotels, or that the weather 
is unreliable. But that’s only half 
the story. 

The other half is that they are 
just plain old-fashioned and dog- 
gedly resolved to remain so. 
When, in country districts, a 
young man fancies a girt he 
addresses his courtship com the 
street beneath her window; and 
when, after a year or so. it is 
noticed that their intentions are 
not of an entirely flippant nature, 
representatives of both families 
confer upon the next stage of the 
mating rituaL 

There is the sound of ■ 
wind, the dop of 
hoots, die swish of rain 

In Sao MigneTs capital town or 
Ponta Defgada there are no junk- 
foods or massage parlours; shops 
are stocked with utilitarian goods. 
Not a boutique in sight 

There are signs of concession; 
the sole high-rise structure az the 
town centre, designed as an hotel 
and abandoned as a failure before 
its doors opened; a nine-hole 
mountain golf course, and telly for 
three or four hours each evening, 
the first programme of wjtich lists 
pharmacies open on the. island. 

With all die wisdom of 48 
hours’ stay, I do not believe that 
there is anything opaque in the 
Azorean predicament It would 
not do to look for subtlety or 
deviousness because very likely 
those traits do not exist And in 
the process you would be insulting 
yourhost who strikes me as proud 
and not at all pre datory . They 
move in formal patterns, disci- 
plined and honourable, tike the 
land they work. They did am 
■ stimulate me; nor, judging try the ' 

polite silences over meals, did ! 

stimulate them. ■ 

There are few (nils and not 
many smiles. Houses arc bouses: 
four walls, a root a patch ol land 
for growing food and keeping a . 
nig. On a grander scale, both® 
sacred and secular, the architec- 
ture has the fine presence and 
balance of 16 th to I8tin*mury 
colonial stvte. Ponta Odgada's 
Church of S2o Sebas tian is a 
classic example. 

There are mosaic pavements, 
cobbled streets, marvellously 
shaped wrougbt-iroa balconies, 
and everywhere a serene transs- 
tor-less peace. There is the sound 
of wind, the dop of faoofi* the 
swish of rain. _ 

There is enchanting scenery. I 
am thinking particularly of the 
two great lakes, Lagoa Verde and 
? a g fa Azul: and of the Pico de 
C&rvdioat the island's heart I am 
-thinking, also, of fishing villages* 
such as Ribeira Quente, where tite 
quicksilver flash of -the morning 
haul dapples the Quay ia a wealthy 

^Big-game fishin g and breezes 
puffing up the sails . of 
yachts . the frank friendly 
laughter . of folk-dancers ... 
mouth-watering cuisine”. I 
quotefrom the brochure to make 
sure I get it rig&L Because, as you 
may have guessed. I am beginning 
to excavate for reasons to lure me 
bode fora further 48 hours, 

I am not convinced that the 
following is an utterly compelling 
reason, but on mV second and 
final evening Professor Luciano . 
invited me to the house of his V 
daughter and son-in-law. The light 
was perfect; from their sitting 
room the' sea looked tranquil, the 
landscape contained no honors; 

After a while a jug of orange 
squash was served, with * bowl of 

that t^?of 

was on tefiy. They asked for ray 
impressions of their island, whOel 
tiptoed tbtongfr a home-spun web 
of euphemism. And iC marginally, 

I was bored, r know I had only 
rayse^ to blame. 


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Tat 0273 725688 



Title Off - 2 nights break 
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Call 01-235 8070 
for details 

You’ll On Iv Know 

ncy World » m CM tod 
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Secret South. A TtewoTTusc*- 
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A Kte ci trio of value lor money 
coach tours. Also villas 4 hotels 
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weekends. Free brochure from 
Magic of Paly. Dept T. 47 Shep- 
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Tet Ol 749 7449 1 24 hra 
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TAKE THE OFF lo Parts. Am- 
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LAMZAROTE. Usx vfllar'rats. 
Pool, mauls. From MM-AonL 
108251 61283 or 10444) 85522 
IfcfUJUFR , Beach apt. pool. bar. 
steeps 2-6- FT £8Spw. 0903 
892101. ■ 


SOUTH OF FRANCE privately 
owned luxury vim* available to 
rod. Grasse & Op Feral Oon- 
lacL Suste Ashley Famn. Villa 
Royale-Tel. 0763 663688. 

MM BREAKS Pam. Normandy. 
Brittany Hotels. F bnnl tousea & 
Cues. Prices Irani: Rp-» Hotel 
£67 2 ids BAB. Brtttany £69 2 
nts * board. Oues £47 pp pw. 
All prices Ind atcooL. Ferry A 
fuH hacrances Its car A parara- 
gns nranra w ond Td 0502 


Haweswater peacefn) leUsWe 
enttaoe wra p s 44-2 orates wt 
vale tarn 09313-202 after Corn 
LAKE LBIMtl NatkatN toll 
KBDrtoua nobday lodne hi the 
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td s/C apt on the westcHtf .at 
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races smith . 0706 464723 

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.. coO- Lge gdn. Ma«.rw*ta*s 
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deserted brach mm £174 00 
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MARBELLA. luxury 1 bed ap*T 
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gtOJACAR 2 bed apis with pool 
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Country House Hotel 

Spend thre Smug or summer 
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HeHortl esruary Own grams, 
seauded cowk oceHenr road 
Wire or pnone far mown 
Mawfun.Atanoutti. ComraaB 
TEL faim outh WPS - 750-340 




Spring comes early to 
Ccxnwafl. espudafly in our 
magreficom show gt*» leas- 
ing to ptfvafa com. Enfoy 
superb cuisine S attentive 
sandoa- Rec o m ma f ala fl ay the 
bast guides 

wmb or phone tar Indue 




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clZmapL** 4 PREcawer 

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tt* - TRAVEL 

^fouptains and w a ter provide a stunning back drop to Orta, John Mair writes 

up the 

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T he Italian girf oa the 
“Wn bus seemed puz- 
zled. ^Vhich lake 9 " rim 
asked. “Orta", i replied, slow? 
ly and dearly. “Ah, y5” she 
answered, “I think IknoW of 


It came as no surprise to 
■ leant that Lake Orta is not as 
well known as its larger and 
more marketable neighbours, 
Maggiore and Como, whose 
shorelines support grand ho- 
tels and impressive boule- 
vards: The mountains plunge 
more rapidly to Lake Orta, 
teavmg little space for lams 
scale schemes on its eastern 
and western shores. And there 
is a gentler, less dramatic; ■ 
aspect to the scenery round 
the lake. 

That is not to say that Orta's 
tourist potential has been 
undervalued. The important 
thing is that it has not been 
overvalued. The place and the 
' people seem to preserve a 
distinctly uncommercial, nat- 
ural air which simply defies 
exploitation — ami does not 
seem to exploit visitors. 

C ertainly there is nothing 
gaudy about the way the 
place sells itself Wheth- 
er you are in one of the neat 
little lakeside towns such as 
Pettenasco, or in one of the 
mountain villages where nar- 
row roads taper away to near- 
. nothingness - . between . 
apparently dangerously bulg- 
ing walls, the rhythms of the 
day remain undisturbed by 
any strangers who happen to 
drop in. . 

•Lunchtime- is. a clatter of 
cutlery on plate, afternoon a 
silence disturbed only by 
children's voices, and early - 
evening the time the real 
business of the day seems to 
get done, whether in a shop or 
over a drink in a local caffe. 

The focal point of this 
peaceful green world is a small 
peninsula on the lake's west- 
ern shore. There stands the 
town of Orta, and some hal£- 

No snakes or dragons; the tiny island of San Ginlio, where nnsten mnw chant hi 

mile offshore lies the tiny 
island ofSanGinliaThe effect 
is quietly remarkable. 

In particular the view of the 
island from - Orta has one 

. drooling a«d - nnhing anri 

ahing. There in. the shimmer- 
ing lake, with a dramatic back- 
drop of mountains,, sits a 
higgledy-piggledy collection of 
ancient villas dunging to the 
central Basilica. 

We sat in the piazza facing 
the Island m un ching breakfast 
panini and drinking coffee to 
savour the view in the morn- 
ing light. 

.We promenaded across the 
piazza as the dying sun glowed 
on the church tower atop the 
island, and we washed down 
dinner marveHing at the dif- 
ferent aspects of the island 
thrown up by the flood- 
lighting. It. drew us again and 

a gain. _ 

Hrm^ t r^itinnal Bt mirtl«n 

was created by a religious 
legend. The Greek Julius, wbo 


The Travel Club of 
Upminstar, Station Road, 
Upminster. Essex 
(Upminstar 25000) offer hotel 
and a pa r tm ent holidays kt 
Pettenasco from 
Gatwlck to Mian Malpensa. 
Prices for two-week 
holidays range from £222 to 
£470 per person. 

So mcKb imvcbnidestbe seal 



SpringSpedat Events:- 
Health Week June 8-14 
Sophisticated shopping. 

5m - ndtes of soft dean sarid. 
Thirties FestM ^teylO-24. 
Bower Festival June M-2Z 
Sport of every sort. 

■ i*'i 


I Telephone 0202 291715 £24 twj for FREE-cotaur Guide or write to' I 

I ' Deptl * S, Bournemouth Tourism, Bournemouth BHI2BU. I 

Name : _^L — — -—Z — - — ! | 


- 4 \ 


doiomirs • nur 

Tome eadv for Spring Bowers to tfe beautiful Dolomite region of 

lake bathing, efimbing or summer skiing. 
^^reSnSSdividual mUere. mexonaspr aeups. fiqptorc 


Fw informal and tesenadons pfcasecoiaao>- 

Enw Um-SaBikTV r olRe*«^dfoi& 1 
9ReeC£ Me«fc London SW7 3HE. • 

• Telephone: Cl -584 28W (24 hows) and 01-584 782Q. ^ 

1 " ^ — ^SSSSSmeS.Souik Tyrol brochures.'- 

j NAME — L-L ■ — ” ‘ . y • 



--- T' 

gave the igland its name, is 
sa id to have crossed the 
narrow strip of water on bis 
cloak and rid the island of 
snakes and dragons. And there 
he established his 100th 

I t is impossible not to be 
moved by the extraordi- 
nary a t mosph ere of the 
present church (12th century) 
with its magnificent medieval 
frescos and an elaborately- 
carved marble pulpit We 
attended the early evening 
service, when the unseen choir 
of nuns chanted in l-arin. The 
voices seemed to come from 
the dome of the place and drift 
down in a hollow, steely echo. 

Later our eyes would tarn to 
the island as the bell of the 
Basilica rang, and we would 
hear the voices of the nuns 

From the mam square, 
where tables spill out from the 

many cafes and restaurants a 
steep road, partly-stepped, 
leads towards Orta's other 
notable site — the Sacra 
Monte.On this sacred wooded 
hill stand 20 chapels dedicated 
to Si Francis of Assisi. Both 
the setting and the enterprise, 
which was completed in the 
late 16th and early I7xh 
centuries, share a profound 
sense of the theatrical. The 
chapels are decorated in vari- 
ous ways, but most strikingly 
by the use of painted statues in 
realistic scenes. 

It is as if some Renaissance 
painting had become three- 
dimensional and the whole 
effect is of a peculiar degree of 
devotion, not only to a reli- 
gious ideal, but also to a sort of 
artistic eccentricity. 

But one comes to expect 
little other of Orta. Through- 
out the town, even the most 
doggedly prosaic mentality be- 
comes aware of how the 
balconies and doorways frame 
one inspirational view after 

And when it all gets too 
much (well, not it exactly, but 
the hordes clamouring to 
share rt on the national holi- 
day weekend, for instance) 
there is always escape up the 
mountains or out on to the 
lake in a small boat to 
discover it from a new per- 

Long haul lowdown 


Substantial price cuts are 
emerging on long-haul holi- 
days. Speedbird Holidays cus-. 
turners travelling to Thailand 
in May and June will be given 
a price reduction of £55 to 
£495 per adult on the starting 
{vice for a week in Bangkok. 
Speedbird is also giving reduc- 
tions of up to £100 at three- 
hotels in the Seychelles for 
departures during April, May 
and June. 

Pan American is giving 
discounts of £65 on fly-drive 

For* free copy of an 

iadutiw holiday* to dife 
beautiful cay, write to- 

lime OfflbL, 

2a Chester CJocc, 
London SW1X7BQ. 

holidays in Florida and £80 on 
the West Coast for most 
departures between April 14 
and June 30, while Virgin 
Holidays is cutting up to £100 
off Florida holiday prices 
from June 1. 

• HoSdays for ornithologists 
are offered in a new pro- 
gramme from Branta TraveL 
They in chide a four-day sea- 
watching trip between Plym- 
outh and Roscoff and then on 
to Cork, with the chance to see 
“thousands" of Manx shear- 
waters, as well as an eight-day 
holiday to Swedes with a visit 
to Fahterbo for the mass 
of vi birds of prey, 
on 01-229 7231. 

East meets West - 

Holidays in East and West 
Germany are brought together 
in a new pr ogram me from 
London-based GTF Tours. A 
seven-day guided coach tour 
of East Germany, added on to 
a Berlin visit, costs from £2 10. 

Philip Ray 


Forgoing the fat of the land 

Shona Crawford Poole reports a return 

Diana Lbwsmkw 

to rationing for today’s canny cooks 

Healthy eating has always 
been the principal concern of 
cookery books. Preserving the 
fet season’s bounty for the 
lean season's subsistence was 
expertise on which our ances- 
tors depended absolutely. And 
in many pans of a world still 
plagued by famine, getting 
enough to eat all year round is 
far from certain yet 

But for Britain in the 1980s 
healthy eating means adopting 
new ideas about what is good 
for us. We are instructed to cut 
down on the very foodstuffs 
that no time ago parents were 
to be able to afford to 
their children. Instead of 
worrying about adequate 
quantities of protein and vita- 
mins, today's conscientious 
provider rations dishes rich in 
&L sugar and salt. 

From the cook's point of 
view it is a demanding switch, 
and publishers have been 
quick to respond with books 
like Cuisine NatureUe by An- 
ion Mosimann, The Mediter- 
ranean Diet by Robin Howe, 
and The Guiltless Gourmet by 
David Mabey. They were 
joined last month by Caroline 
Waldegrave's The Healthy 
Gourmet (Grafton Books, 
£8.95) from which this week's 
recipes are taken. 

As the principal of Leith's 
School of Food and Wine, 
wife of William Waldegrave 
MP and mother of two small 
daughters, Caroline 
Waldegrave has no time for 
fussy food. Her 
and the nutritional notes in 
the introduction provide use- 
ful information for those who 
wish to bring their own recipes 
into line with the latest 

thinking . 


Fennel and wabBit salad 

Serves four 

2 bulbs of fennel 

55o (2 oz) fresh walnuts, 
weighed after shelUng 

For the salad dressing 
4 tablespoons frontage 
btanc or 3 of natural yogurt 

1 tablespoon fresh lemon 

Chopped fresh chives to 

Remove the tough outside 
leaves of the fennel and dis- 
card. Cut off the feathery tops 
and keep for decoration. Cut 
the fennel into long 
strips-Simmer the fennel in 
water for two minutes. Rinse 
it under running cold water 
and drain it well. 

Pick off as much skin as 
possible from the walnuts and 
chop them roughly- Mix the 
dressing ingredients well then 
stir in the fennel and walnuts. 
Pile into a serving dish and 
decorate with chopped fennel 

Serve as a first course or 
with fish. 

Fresh sardines are inexpen- 
sive and full of flavour, but 
they can be fiddly to eat, 
which is why Caroline 
Waldegrave bones them for 
her guests. 

Grflled Sardines 

Serves four 

16 fresh sardines 

Sunflower cal for grilling 

1 lemon ■ 

Smafl bunch of parsley 

Freshly ground Mack 

To clean the sardines: slit 
along the belly and remove the 
innards. Rinse the fish under 
running cold water and with a 

little salt gently rub away any 
black matter in the cavity. Cut 
off the gills. 

Snip the back bone just 
below the head and above the 
tail and carefully pull it out. 

Cut the lemon in half and 
remove ail the rind and pith 
from one half. Cut this half 
into 16 and put a piece, along 
with a sprig of parsley, into the 
cavity of each sardine. 
Squeeze the juice from the 
other lemon half. 

Heat up the grill. Score the 
sardines with three or four 
diagonal cuts on each side; 
brush them with a little oiL 
Season with black pepper and 
sprinkle with lemon juice. 

Grill the sardines for about 
four minutes on each side, 
brushing them wiih the hot oil 
and juices that run from the 

Lay the sardines on a 
warmed planer. Pour over the 
juices from the grill pan and 
serve at once. 

Hot apricot pots call for 
quark, a fresh skimmed milk 
cheese that can be found in 
most delicatessens. Choose 
the variety with the fewest 

Hot apricot pots 

Serves four 

55g (2oz) good quality dried 

150ml ('a pint) water 

4 cardamom pods, cracked 
1 1Qg (4 oz) quark 

i egg 

150ml ('4 pint) skimmed 

Soak the apricots in cold water 
for 2 hours, then drain 
them .Simmer the apricots in 
the water with the cardamom 
pods until the fruit is tender, 
about 20 minutes, then re- 
move the cardamoms. 

Pound the apricots, ideally 
in a food processor, with the 
quark cheese. Add the egg — 
don't worry if it looks as 
though it will not mix, it does. 
Gradually add the milk. 

Pour the mixture into 4 
small ramekin dishes and set 
them in another larger tin or 
dish. Pour in boiling water to 
come at least half way up the 
sides of the ramekins. Bake 
the hot pots in a bain marie in 
a preheated cool oven 
<150°C/300°F, gas mark 2) for 
about 40 minutes, or until set 


Moving time for the evergreens 

Growth is now apparent in all 
parts of the garden. Buds on 
the deciduous trees and shrubs 
are swelling and there is just a 
hint of green. This is this sign I 
look for when 2 begin to 
consider transplanting or re- 
planting evergreens which are 
the backbone of many 


Evergreens will often suffer 
if they are moved at the same* 
time as deciduous plants, in 
other words during the winter 
or dormant period. Being 
evergreen they are never com- 
pletely dormant, but growth 
slows down considerably in 
the winter. If moved in the 
cold weather a change in their 
circumstances can be enough 
to allow the elements to work 
on the plant. 

April is the best time of the 
year in which to move ever- 
ens; another good time is 
ptember when the ground is 
still warm and the plants are 
making both top and root 

Preparation is all-impor- 
tant. Good quality evergreens 
are expensive to buy and they 
are easily lost if not looked 
after properly. It is absolutely 
essential to look carefully at 
the plants you are buying. Go 
to a reputable firm and ask if 
the plants have been container 
grown; this means they were 
put into their pots when young 
and have bam growing for 

Old faithfuls: rhododendrons, the ever popular evergreens 

some months in the container 
and cot simply placed there 
just prior to going on sale. If a 
plant comes easily out of its 
container whh a lot of loose 
soil, the chances are that it has 
not been grown in the contain- 
er; don't buy h. 

Prepare the ground before 
planting. For trees or large 
shrubs, dig a hole which is at 
least 2 feet square and two 
spits deep. In most cases the 
soil on site is perfectly good; 
sometimes, however, it may 
be necessary to import good 
quality top soil. Add good 
quality farmyard manure to 
the bottom spit and mix this 
in to the soiL Never leave 

manure in the ground in a 
layer. It should always be 
mixed with the soil. If you do 
not have manure, the next 
best is good quality compost 
or peat or pulverized bark as 
organic matter is almost as 
important as manure. Replace 
the top soil and allow to settle 
until such time as you have 
the plants for planting. 

Firm planting is essentiaL 
Plant to about the same depth 
as the plant was before it was 
moved. You can go up to an 
inch deeper, but the plant 
should never be higher in the 
ground than it was before. 
Water in, making sure the 
plant and the surrounding 

ground is universally wet; if 
the container is dry the plant 
must be watered before it is 

The worst enemy of newly 
planted evergreens is a cold 
drying vend. If at all -possible, 
plant where they have protec- 
tion from existing plants. If 
not, erect screens on the side 
from which the winds attack. 
This can be strips of plastic or 
hessian. The screen should 
allow some of the wind 
through but break the main 
force. This will allow the 
plants to get over their first 
few weeks without experienc- 
ing too much dehydration. 

There are products on the 
market which can be sprayed 
onto plants to cut down 
transpiration loss. 

Synchemicals have a spray 
called S600 which is best 
applied to the plants before 
they are lifted, but it can be 
applied at any time to cut 
down water loss from the 

Ashley Stephenson 







Inte rna tio na l institute for Young giria 

TaocMnB In nofcml h«Mq> nirwAa, 

_..*!■« . 

Official unto l M end J p l nw iofc 

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University entrance 

Purpose buik school ampm "Ondafiil skffiites far 
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HOLIDAY COURSES (Intensive French) far boys 
in<] |trfc in July aod AitfoxL 

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finalnnat in French 

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Arrival eesjy Saturday. 

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For reservations, please call 01-930 2612 or see your crave! agent. 


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plore the delimits of Ranee 
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Madwa is Europe's tropical Island and FOR IMMEDIATE RESERVATIONS 

for many nsitore itw legendary Reids 
Howl u Madeira. 

Why not enjoy tats island's wmm and gende 
summer dlrrwte and see Madera and 
RCids Ire gwdeiw m bl bloom. Bui be 
warned. vb« ua once ond H may wdl 
become a hifcn. 

Wdhoul Inning (h* hrtd you frA 
windsurf. »Mn dive, play reruns, have a 
sauna, swim m our healed sea wafer 
poote: oi you can waft In the nuepufreenr 
scwreiy of tta enchanted aland. 

W*h some 350 HaRtor a marimum of 
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depending on tour mood you cendincm 
tradtOanal or inltHmal surround**?* 
ottering Fiench. kalian. Maderan and 
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Yes. pcrhn» you should make tM* 
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• Georges Hengarinef. (Ganeml 
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irLc i iivI£S S Al U RDa Y APRIL 5 1986 


Charm that never changes 


Cartoonist Linley Samboume and his 
family have stoically resisted all 
fashions in interior design, leaving 
a home that has changed little since 
the early 1900s, writes Nigel Andrew 

Who was Linley Samboume? 
"Hie principal cartoonist of 
Punch at the turn of the 
century and an extremely 
skilful' worker in black-and- 
white with a bent for the 
grotesque and fantastical. It is 
unlikely that he would be 
much remembered now. but 
for one extraordinary fact — 
the survival, virtually un- 
changed and intact, of his 
family house, built in the 
1870s in a talL prosperous 
Kensington terrace. 

It is easy to talk about 
“stepping back in lime**. Bui 
this house does genuinely 
offer something of that illu- 
sion. Perhaps the reason is 
that not only did it stay in the 
Samboume family, but that 
the family consciously resisted 
all the pressures of changing 
fashion and left the place 
almost exactly as it was. 

Linley Samboume himself 
is powerfully present — a 
good-humoured, sociable man 
whose attitude to his an was 
strictly professional, who en- 
joyed his family and friends, 
and rather fancied himself as a 
country genL 

His son Roy perhaps inher- 
ited the pleasure-loving side of 
his father’s temperament, but 
after a mildly mis-spem 
youth, settled down to a quiet 
bachelor life, sustained by 
many dozens of signed photo- 
graphs of pretty actresses - all 
of which are still to be seen. 

Sambourne’s daughter 
Maud (Mrs L. C .R. Messel 
inherited the house and main- 
tained it unchanged until her 
death in 1960. Then her 
daughter Lady Rosse took it 
over and continued to care for 
it in the same spirit until 1978. 
when she and the Earl offered 
it to the nation. - 

A deal was struck whereby 
the GLC bought the house 
with the aid of a Land Fund 
grant They handed it over to 

The Weald 

16 miles 

yr Jane Austen and 
the Rev Gilbert White 
of Selborne may not seem 
closely associated as literary 
characters, bat the writings 
of both have in common 
intima te descriptions of the 
countryside of north east 
Hampshire at a period some 
200 years ago. 

Here is a walk which 
passes through villages fig- 
uring in their work and 
culminates in one of the 
finest views of the South 
Downs escarpment 

Catch an early train to 
Alton and walk the length of 
its splendid High Street to 
the western outskirts, Grom 
where a lane passes under 
the A31 to the village of 
ChawtonL Thatched cottages 
apart, the place is best 
known for Jane Austen's 
house, which can be visited 
throughout the year, and 
which contains a touching 
collection of her furniture, 
books, clothes and other 

From Chawton, follow 
field paths along a route 
trodden by Jane Austen 
herself on visits to friends in 
the nearby village of Upper 

the Victorian Society to ad- 
minister and it was opened to 
the public in 1980. 

So that is how an “artistic*' 
family home of the late- 
Victorian period has come 
down to us. not as a laborious 
academic reconstruction, but 
simply as it has always been. 
Of course, there have been 
minor concessions to tbe 20th 
century’ — in plumbing and 
wiring, a basement caretaker's 
flat, some modified top-floor 
rooms — but the extent to 
which the house remains un- 
changed can be judged from 
the minutely-detailed inven- 
tory which has survived, al- 
most every item of which is in 

Photographs of the house 
also demonstrate that every- 
thing remains just so. right 
down to the precise positions 
of the huge numbers of pic- 
tures which cover every avail- 
able surface. 

These pictures are mostly of 
endearingly poor quality — 
many monochrome reproduc- 
tions of works popular at the 
lime, and photographs of clas- 
sical sculpture — but there are 
also works by Sam bourne’s 
fellow professionals — Du 
Maurier. Sala. Walter Crane. 
Kate Greenaway, Phil May — 
and several specimens of 
Sambouroe's bravura style. 

Where it is visible, the 
wallpaper is splendid — Wil- 
liam Moms “Pomegranate" 
throughout the ground floor — 
and there is a lot of pretty 
stained glass at the rear of the 
house, in the hay window of 
the first-floor landing is an 
aquarium with a fountain. 

Perhaps the most remark- 
able collection is the immense 
archive of photographic refer- 
ences. painstakingly filed and 
classified by Samboume. 
These fill drawer after drawer 
of a large cabinet standing 
near his easel and camera at 

AlUM/Vk • 


|Cbawtoa I 

Jane Austen's 
V Housed 

fUVW* \\ 


Selborne )q ySji}Selbwi» 

'Th<vS _ 

sf Q 



Southwards, the chalk 
hills come into prominence 
and form a steep and indent- 


!££■.■ - . 



r 1 


sssra Bhj 

Gentleman's residence: (clockwise from top left) exterior of tbe boose in Stafford Terrace; stained glass window in tbe bade 
door; cartoons in a bound volume of Punch; bathroom lined with photographs; Linley Samboume and his camera and easel 

the end of the large drawing 

Everywhere the impression 
is of great decorative richness 
and complexity, but it is 
seldom oppressive: the rooms 
are large, and lightened by the 
simplicities of biue-and-white 
china and Georgian and Re- 
gency furniture — some genu- 
ine, some Victorian pastiche.. 
In terms of decor, tbe whole 
house is a compendium of the 

ed western rim of die Weald. 
Climb the chalk ridge that 
eventually leads to the fam- 
ous woods of Selborne Hang- 
er which in torn overlooks 
Selborne itself. A beautiful 
village, it is best known for 
its association with the natu- 
ralist Gilbert White, whose 
house and garden are beauti- 
fully preserved as a museum. 

Fortify yourself with tea 
and buns in Selborne, then 
climb the Hanger once again, 
cross Selborne Common and 
pick your way southwards 
along green lanes and coun- 
try roads to a public bouse 
called The Trooper, marked 
on the Ordnance map. 

A little way south from 
here, enter woods on your left 
and follow a terraced path 
running along a steep slope 
overlooking the northern 
outskirts of Petersfield. 
From this path there is a 
truly magnificent prospect of 
Bntser Hill, the highest 
point of the South Downs. It 
is a view to be relished before 
descending steeply and fol- 
lowing field paths via the 
village of Steep to Petersfield 
itself, from where there are 
regular trains to London or 

Alan Mattingly 

educated taste of its period. 
But if it were only that, it 
would be not more than a 
museum: what gives it its 
unique flavour is the sense of 
continuous occupation by a 
remarkable family. 

It was only recently that the 
iiule reversible brass plate by 
the front door was discovered 
with its legend “Mr Linley 
Samboume is not at home”. 
Thai is now the first thing you 

120 exhibitions from the 
United Kingdom. Denmark and 
Germany. Silver, porcelain, 
pottery, nweSery, carpets, 
copper, brass, docks, 
prints, paintings, drawings. 
National Exhibition Centre, 
Birmingham (021 780 4171). 
Today and Mon, Tues, 

1 1 am-9pm; tomorrow and 
Wed, 11am-6pm. 

Admission, adult £4 today and 
tomorrow. £3 Mon-Wed, 
child under 14and OAPs, £1. 

COLLECTOR: Exhibition of 
scientific instruments and 
gadgets assembled by Henry 
Cedi, 10th Earl and 1st 
Marquess of Exeter. Notable 
items are Sir Marc 
Isambard Brunei’s multiple 
writing machine, patented 
in 1 799, the Hewfing’s patent 
timber calculator and the 
Newton horse/hound measure. 
Goody Rudkin Room, 

Burghiey House, Stamford, 
Lines (0780 52451). Today- 
Oct 5, Mon-Sun 11am-5pm. 
Admission to house ana 
exhtoition, adult £2.90, chHd 
under 14, £1.60. 

GATHERING: Begins today 
with a peal of belts at 

notice, and after that the 
doormat saying " Salve ", and 
after that — well it's like 
stepping back in . . . 

linley Samboume House, 

18 Stafford Terrace, London 
W8. Open until Oct 31, Wed 
10am-4pm, Sun 2-5pm. Parties 
by appointment only. 

Admission £1 .50. Apply to the 
Victorian Society, 1 Priory 
Gardens, London W4 (01- 
994 1019). 


10-30am. followed by a re- 
enactment of the Lord of 
Morpeth's return after the - 
Battle of Otterbum m l 388. 
then 1 0 teams of dog, morris 
and rapper sword dancing 
In the afternoon choirs, 
musicians, dancing and hffl 
races; evening, a concert, 
dialect recital and bam 
danc8; charity fair throughout 
the day. Tomorrow 
afternoon, tug-of-war, archery; 
;fflm show and 

Northumbrian Pipers' Night to 
the evening. Craft exhibition 
both days. 

Various venues, Morpeth, 
Northumberland. Further 
information Mr Bibby (0670 
513308). Today 10.30am- 
10.30pm, tomorrow noon- 
10pm. Tickets from Town HaH 
tor some events, though 
many free. 

technological aids interpret 
our most prized ancient 
document, the Domesday 
Book, the oldest public record 
in the country, 
appropriately housed to the 
Public Record Office. The 
actual chronicles will be on 
display, with audio 
accompaniments by 

John Newton' 

In the article about the Cow- 
per and Newton Museum 
(March 8), it was incorrectly 
stated that John Newton nev- 
er lived at Oiney. This should 
have said that he never lived 
in William Cowper’s house. 
Also, Sir John Betjeman's gift 
of aperient salts was to the 
museum, not, as was implied, 
to Cowper personally. 

The Public Record Office, 
Chancery Lane, London WC2 
(01 -405 074t). Today-Sept 


The film today Is Rocks fhaf ' 
Form on the Earth’s 
Surface and Rocks that Form 
Underground, on Tues The 
Restless Earth and The San 
Andreas Fault, terrify 
workshops, involving practical 
work with specimens for 8 
to f 1-year-olds, on Mon "The 
Story of Minerals" and Wed 
“The Story of the Earth". 
Geological Museum, 

Exhibition Road, SW7 (01-589 
3444). Today, Mon-Wed. All 
events at 2.30pm and free. 

Cameras galore, plus 
co mp etit ion entries for 
daffodHs, ornamental plants, 

bo^i^idtt^ieweR Medal 
Competition. Experts on 
hand to talk about their 

Royal Horticultural Society 
Halls, Vincent Square, London. 

Halls, Vincent Square, London, 
SW1 (01 -834 4333) Tues 
11am-7pm, Wed 10arrv5pm. 
Admission first day £1 .70, 
second day £1. 


A naughty nymph 
is rather tempting 

What looks like an 
ordinary wood 
car ving of a Greek 
- goddess may be 
a valuable caryatid 

“/ offered this heathen wood- 
carving to our vicar for a 
jumble sale", said the owner , 
"but he felt that the homed 
head of a demon below the 
poor woman's midriff might 
strike the wrong note at a 
parochial Junction." 

“That poor woman . said 
the valuer, “is Ceres, goddess 
of growing plants. Her cun 
was introduced into Rome 
i shortly after 50QBC.” 

"Surely this isn’t ancient 

“No, it’s good okl English 
oak, or possibly good old 
Flemish, from about 1610.” 
"But what was it for?' 

“A large one like this, about 

of afuepSace surround. Small- 
er ones were applied to 
bedheads and cupboards.” 

"And did they all represent 
this Ceres person?" 

“By no means. Some are 
very masculine: Collectively, 
they are popularly known as 
caryatids, though that term 
ought really to be reserved for 
females. The males are prop- 
erly called atlantes. There is. 
however, one type that's best 
described as androgynous.” 

“/ beg your pardon?" 
“Hermaphrodite, if you pre- 
fer — after Hermaphrodizos 
who fell in love with the 
nymph Salmacis. The couple 
prayed to be made one, and 
the gods obliged.” 

"Oh dear. But Ceres wasn’t 
that way inclined, was she? 
Why can't she have legs, 
preferably with a skirt?" 

‘Tbe original caryatids at 
the Erechtheum in Athens are, 
in feet, depicted as normal, 
fully-clothed young women — 
the maidens chosen to cany 
ceremonial objects on their 
heads at religions festivals — 
but the Romans merged the 
upper pan of the human figure 
with a tapered, architectural 
column, the type that came to 

be elaborated on during the « 
Late Renaissance by the 1 
Mannerists.” i 

"The what?" \ 

“A school of artists, crafts- . • 
men and designers that in- 1 
ducted Sambin, Goujon. Gol- \ 
zius. de Vries." : 

"Foreigners, obviously. No \ 
Englishmen. I trust?” ’ 

“Oh yes. The Elizabethans i 
loved the style. But the crafts- 1 
men remained anonymous.” \ 
“Mow wise of them. When 1 
did the fashion die out T" ■ 

“Mannerism bad run out of 
steam by about 1640. but 1 
caryatids were adapted to the 
baroque style, and later still to \ 
tbe neo-classical appearing on ; 
Fngiish furniture between j 
about 1765 and 1830 as rather ! 
demure ladies.” ] 1 

"And what would you advise, j 
me to do with one like this, if f j 
can't even persuade the vicar to. j 
accept it as a gift T' ! 

“You could sell it A large j 
elaborate one like this, in good ! 
condition, is worth several j 
hundred pounds.” - \ 

“ Really ? / suppose she is- j 
rather splendid in a pagan sort ; j 
of way. ” ■ ! 

“You see? You’re beginning. ; 
to appredate her. The late • 
Lord Clark once said that ; 
Mannerism. like all forms of j 
indecency, is irresistible." ) 

" Kenneth Clark said that? It j 
sounds more like Oscar Wilde. 1 
And if you're suggesting ...” I 

“I was about to suggest that j 
you make your Ceres the , \ 
nucleus of a collection. I've ■ 
never met anyone who spe-,‘ » 
dalized in caryatids.” • \ 
“ Would there be enough ', 
variety? I wouldn't want a- ■ 
series of Ceres." ) 

“You need not confine! 
yourself to any one period, or 
to one material- The Manner- ; 
ist ones are usually carved oak 
or walnut, but some are in : , 

stone or piaster. Many were* 
painted originally. Small ones l 
in bronze or silver served as* 
handles for vases.” 

'Td like to find one depict - 1 
ing Anne " '» 

“Ana to? Anne who?” * 

"Anne Drogynous. ThaTs t “ 
what you said, wasn't, it?" • 

Peter Phllp ' 

Joyce MBcdonaU 



Judy FrOS hang I Talking point: heathen caning or classic caryatid? 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two 
correct solutions opened on Thursday, April 10, 1986. Entries 
should be addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Com- 
petition. I Pennington Street, London, El 9XN.The winners and 
solution will be announced on Saturday, April 12, 1986. 


1 Nitrous oxide (8 J) 

9 Natural (7) 

10 Perform badly (S) 

11 Till (3) 

13 Askew (4) 

16 Diesel oil (4) 

17 Ventilation passage 

18 Shut forcefully (4) 

20 Russian emperor (4) 

21 Not genuine (6) 

22 Rescue (4> 

23 Antelope (4) 

25 Gained victory (3) 

28 Period (3) 

29 Of eye socket (7) 

30 Winter donnant time 


2 Hole boring tool (S) 

3 Heredity unit (4) 

4 Move slowly (4j 

5 Leisure pursuit (4) 

6 Pus collection (7) 

7 Earth group ( 5.6) 

8 Changeable <il) ; 

12 Not transparent (6) The isolation of the Times Easter 

14 Sweet potato O) Jmnbo Crossword will be published 

15 Wall-painting f6) next Saturday, along with the 

19 Lung air sacs (7) names of the five winners. 

20 Spirit measure (3) 

24 Surpass (5) 

25 Joyous cry (4) 

26 Object (4) 

27 Death announce- 
ment (4) 


ACROSS: 1 Scruff 5 Heckle 6 Era 9 Carnal 18 Vacant 11 
Rear 12Canude 14 Geneva 17 Spoken 19 Allusion 22 Eddy 24 
Brutal 25Evtmen 26 Ear 27 Bearer 28 Enlist 
DOWN: 2 Chafe 3 Unnerve 4 Felucca 5 Haven 6 Cacti 7 
Lunulae 13 Tip 15 Enlarge 16 Vis 17 Sincere 18 Overall 20 Ut- 
ter 21 Idler 23 Dress 



Contract’s draughtsman 


On October 31. 1925. the 
SS Finland, bound from Los 
Angeles to Havana, arrived 
in Balboa too late to pass 
through the Panama C anal. 
The delay caused no particu- 
lar inconvenience to Harold 
Vanderbilt, the American 
millionaire, who with three 
friends was putting the final 
touches to his brain-child. 
Contract Bridge. 

Curiously, not one of the 
players could think of a term 
to describe the position after 
making a game. As a mark of 
gratitude to a young lady who 
contributed the key word, 
vulnerable, the great man 
I allowed her to play “plafond” 
with him that evening. 

There was much discussion 
and argument, but on the 
next day. Contract Bridge 
was born. 

This summer, the Canber- 
ra will leave Southampton on 
June 27 for a cruise which 
may be seen in years to 
come, to have a dramatic 
effect on the future of the 

Four world-famous players 
will be among the passengers. 
From France, the elegant 
Christian Mari, a leading 
member of France’s victori- 
ous team in the 1980 World 
Olympiad: representing Italy, 
the brilliant Arturo Franco, 
World Champion in 1974 
and 1975; Zia Mahmood 
from Pakistan, considered by 
many to be the world's most 
exciting card player, and to 

complete the talented quartet, 
Robert Sheehan of England, 
generally acknowledged as 
one of the world’s leading 

During the eight-day 
cruise, the famous four will 
compete for the Canberra 
Cruise World Cup. They will 
play 144 deals, pivoting so 
that they play 48 hands with 
each partner. 

Apart from wagering £20 a 
100 of their own money, the 
winner will receive a purse of 
£10,000. Should any partner- 
ship bid and make a Grand 
Slam on two successive 
hands, they will be rewarded 
with a cheque for £50,000. 

The BBC cameras will be 
on board to ensure that this 
convivial little party will be 
shared by millions of view- 
ers, in a 13-part series 
incorporating some exciting 
new technical innovations. 
Could bridge follow in the 
wake of snooker, darts and 

Robert Sheehan and Zia 
Mahmood have already 
crossed swords on David 
Elstein's programme, shown 
on Channel 4. 

Game all. Dealer South. 

• Afi 

v 10 2 

•J K 7 8 5 4 

♦ AK 82 

♦ O 10 B 5 2 
*7 A J 6 

0 8 

4k 01084 


, N C l? K8 75 


4 K J 9 

■7 0943 

£ A Q 2 
* 753 




S . 




' Shnatan 












3 NT 





Opontng toad 44 

Sheehan, influenced by the 
bidding, decided to reject his 
natural lead, a spade, in 
favour of a club. Sheehan 
recognized that a spade 
would be die normal and 
innocuous lead, whereas tbe 
club was a lethal thrust. 

If you can't succeed by 
force, try bluff. Playing with 
unaccustomed speed, 
Sheehan played a heart to his 
^?Q. Zia, naturally assuming 
that Sheehan held the KQ, 
ducked! As our team-mates 
in tbe other room had made 
600. this was not fatal but we 
were in intensive care. 
Sheehan cashed the OA and 
ducked a diamond. When I 
played a dub be won in 
dummy, returned to hand 
with the OQ and crossed to 
dummy with the ♦A to run 
the diamonds. 

Zia. possibly a little shell- 
shocked by Sheehan's play at 
trick two. bared the 4Q. 
Sheehan cashed the ♦K and 
the 4J to register an overtrick 
and win the board. 

I suspect Zia Mahmood 
will be hoping to avenge that 
indignity as the Canberra sets 
sail into the sun. 

Britain sweeps the board 

Jeremy Flint 

The GLC Chess- Challenge 
which finished last week at 
the Great Eastern Hotel, had 
a Cinderella-like conclusion. 
Glenn Flear, who plays for 
Streatham and Brixton Club, 
came in as a last-minute 
reserve for the event, when 
Soviet -Grandmaster 
Dorfman dropped out. 

During the tournament hie 
took time off to marry his 
French fiancee, Christine Le- 
roy, and was faced with the 
additional problem of mov- 
ing house. Flear was the only 
non-Grandmaster, yet be car- 
ried off first prize ahead of a 
host of foreign world-title 
contenders and the former 
world champion,- Boris 

Full scores were: Flear 
(England) 816/13; Short and 
Chandler (both England) 8; 
Nunn (England) and Ribli 
(Hungary). 7tt; Spassky 
(France), Portlsch (Hungary) 
and Polugaievsky (USSR) 7; 
V aganian (USSR) and Speel- 
man (England) 6; Larsen 
(Denmark 5 Vi; Plaskett (En- 
gland) 5; Mestel (England) 
and Dlugy (USA) 4. 

The days when Eastern 
Europeans dominated the 
score chans with British 
players at the bottom are 
long since gone! 

The record £1,000 pnze for 
the most brilliant game was 
won by Murray Chandler for 
his wm agamst Rafael Vag- 
i amaiL That was published in 
| this column two weeks ago. 

The following game was a 
close contender for the prize. . 
Indeed, Jim Plaskett’s unusu- 
al score of five wins, eight 
losses, and no draws, quali- 
fied him for the Batsford 
Enterprise Award of a book 
contract with £1,000 advance. 

White: Plaskett; 

Blade Chandler 
GLC Chess Challenge, 
Queen's Indian Defence. . 


I prefer 5...B-N5 at this point. 

• CMB2 P-Q4 7 P*P NxP 

*52 »ra» iSn 

10 PxM 0-8 It OBI mu 

«.•£ uomiST 

T4 ftp OH-61 . 15 04C2 H4M 

The opening has transposed 
into a version of the Semi- 
Tarrasch. Both -sides have 
developed their forces effi- 
ciently, but Biack T s previons 
move sets on an adventurous 
course. Simply I5...KR-QI 
should be adequate to main- 
tain the hnlanry 

And here I8_. P-KR3 would 
be more cautious. Chandler's 
choice positively invites 
White to advance his King’s 
Rook's Pawn. 

is o-oa IMIS 

This is much too optimistic. 
He should withdraw the Rook 
rather than place it on this 
exposed square. 

» P-HS Q-B1 21 PHM 

The for-flung pawn now repre- 
sents a permanent thorn in 
Black s flesh. - 

25 Q-K2 man S042 SS 
27 B-Q1 Q-CA 

weekend. London 

The final blow which opens up • • 
tbe position and causes the - 
disintegration' of the Black * 
King’s fortifications, already -■ : 
severely undermined by the - 
pawn on KR6. 

~ Oj" » PaP Ban ■ 

30 Px8 ChP • si qa -- -- 

SiWcfeiW 33 hS „■ 

w iwo**’*' ” *•** o Mm / 

Black lost bn time in a. . 
hopeless position. 

Over this weekend; London -> 
Shogi (Japanese chess) pfaym ; 
will flex their intellectual mus^. r 
des at the Charing Crass ' 
HoieL Spectators welcome. 

. Raymond Keene * 



^..° UI S^lhe PiDtSoo a Vbnfictd 
Qgpg QiA OLdugiic for SummfT 
I9S6 inti ihe clac&c cheeses - and 

■MteMowm ial, nO be offered 

w ouuiku mr ihe cotmxur nromhi- 


*>d suaabte_ comptancnarr 

A* JwnbB; jeu receive a.taJ-1 
wfceww <rf three ctoeoet each 
3££L 25“ « Omt acker era 
Gheeaesfrwn u oddmocEd In Yon i 

TOchji ie p lltdaefa(Wlta ^ lfld d 

WJ arm at jour don at the \ 
of Perfection that a • po ! 
10 **7 ntcnnWi ; 

“«*enfam ran 01 ] 
™ 5*® within normal office noai 
» ihe Paxton & VhtfieU 
Ott^ cQub. Dept T.-FREEPOST. W 
Stmt, London S «1 6BK • 

yA ^ i ^ 




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-.- i : 

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■- .- 

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Ut 1,000 optical sho PS have opened since the change in the law on the sale of glasses, but has the consumer benefited? 

; :< fa 


- A 2J» 

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'• e'vj* 


Crazy, man: crossed guitars by American 
Optical, £36.95 at DoUond & Aitchison 

SiBwnette, £180 at For Eyes 

In the round: the Billy Banter round-eyed took in red or bine plastic may not be original bet it is the latest Unisex style, price £4950 from For Eyes 

-catching spectacle 

Bine chip: rimless bine glass held by gold 
“antlers” by Polaris, £180 at For Eyes 

'last ri 

Tiger-eyes: 1950s 
' American, £42*95 

ics lead! 
,h curfeH 

AH square: brawn and beige tor toi seshell 
effect by Christian Dior, £W5 at For Eyes . 

A year ago opticians 
shook off their profes- 
sional chart 1<»5 From 
April l, 1985 they were allowed 
to advertise; to price their 
waxes, tocompete in a free 
market-place unhampered by 
the demands of the National 
Health Sendee. Prices will 
come down, said the opti- 
mists. So will standards, 
warned the pessimists. Who 
• was, right? . 

(toe fear does not seem to 
have been fulfilled — that 
unqualified traders at garages 
and supermarkets would be 
bandingout cheap all-purpose- 
spectacles to people who could 
afford 'nothing better once 
their right to National Health 

spectacles was withdrawn. 

About 1,000 new optical - 
shops have opened during-tbe 
past year and less than half 
have been unregistered (with- 
out a qualified optician on the 
premises). Dick Harris,- chair- 7 * 
man of die; Federation of 
Ophthalmic and. Dispensing ’ 
Opticians, sees them as a 
threat to registered opticians 
rather than to the public's 
eyes. . 

“There has been a l2% per 
cent increase in outlets but 
nothing like that in demand”, 
he . says. “It’s a myth that 
people buy several pairs of 
spectacles to match different 
outfits. Unregistered outlets 
have lower overheads because 
they need-no qualified staff In . 
the increasingly competitive 
climate, registered opticians 
whocannot adiieve a large 
. enough volume of sales will go : 
.to; the waH" 

Beryl Downing looks at how fierce high-street competition 
has affected the cost and changing fashion of frames 

Competition appears to 
have brought a much wider 
choice of frames in the lower 
price ranges, but the mam 
reason for any reduction in 
prices; say the opticians, is 
that they are no longer having 
to run part of their businesses 
at NHS rates. 

“In hybrid NHS spectacles 
(where the customer chooses a 
more expensive frame, but has 
NHS lenses) the extra amount 
the customers were paying 
was sometimes not the total 
amount the opticians were 
allowed to keep, so they were 
virtuallycoOecxhigextra mon- 
ey fbrtheNHSr, l>ck Harris 

H ybrids and-other NHS • 
spectacles accounted 
-for 30 per cent dfibeir 
business — and after the - 
introduction of the 924-frame; 
which was more attractive and 
fashionable, it went up to 50 
per cent I know of no other 
business which has that sort of 
loss leader, and it isn’t surpris- 
ing that the cost of private- 
spectacles was high to make, 
up for it Now the necessity 
has been removed, prices have 

Even so, the average price 
paid for spectacles has risen. A 
year ago it was £35, now it is 
£45, although it is possible to 
have attractive frames fitted 
with straightforward prescrip- 
tions for as little as £14.95, or 
£19.95 fora complex lens (this 

al DoUond & Aitchison, the 
country’s largest group of 

Since the new legislation 
last year those entitled to 
National Health spectacles are 
now only children and those 
on Social Security. In July the 
system will change and the 
same groups will receive a 
voucher from the optician of 
their choice, to be put towards 
the cost of spectacles. The 
value of the voucher has not 
yet been decided, but it will be, 
it is said, sufficient for a basic 
pair of spectacles. National 
Health eye. tests will pontinue 
to be available annually, free 
for everyone. 

- The greatest -improvements - 
in spectacle-buying are speed, 
wider choice and price-tabel- 
ling; you know even before an 
eye test just what -you will be 
expected to pay. It was always 
a mystery that people selling a 
product were not allowed to 
show what it cost Most 
opticians have welcomed the 
change and have responded 



Eyetend House. 1.323 
Coventry Road, Yardte 
Birmingham (02-707 9177). 
For Eyes. 21 James Street. 
London WC2 (01-240 1760) and 
branches at Cheapslde. 

High Hotoom and Gotders 

Mannequin heads by 
Panache. London W1 
Pictures by Chartee Mfflgan 


positively to the trading op- 
portunities it offers. 

The ability to wander in to a 
spectacle shop and try on a 
selection of frames without an 
appointment, and without 
feeling any sense of being in a 
shrine is another great boon — 
so popular that Dollond & 
Aitchison have opened Eur- 
ope's first optical department 
store, Eyeland House, near 

It has 2,000 sf ft of optical 
departments for men, women 
and children, plus ranges of 
sunglasses and protective and 
specialist eyewear. There is a 
choice of more than 3,000 
frames and a team of qualified 
opticians to test and fiL 

A new idea is a video to 
help with your choice. 
It will take pictures of 
you wearing various types of 
frames and if you still cannot 
deride you can take a Polaroid 
picture home for a second 

Eyeland also provides an 
emergency service from 8am 
to 7pm Mondays to Fridays 
and until 5.30pm on Satur- 
days. Broken or lost spectacles 
can be replaced within an 
hour. Eyeland House is near 
Birmingham and more stores 
are planned this year. 

Speed has always been one 
of the services offered by 
Stephen Isaacs, who describes 
himself as “in the head adorn- 

ment business” Isaacs, of For 
Eyes in London, was one of 
the defiant pioneers of mod- 
ern spectacle-selling, who 
risked the wrath of the Gener- 
al Optical Council by putting 
prices on his wares and by 
wickedly gening himself pub- 
licized in newspapers. The 
GOC was eventually forced to 
change the rules. 

In spite of criticism from 
some conventional opticians 
and imitiation by others. For 
Eyes has maintained its lead 
in fashion spectacles at rea- 
sonable prices. 

The latest trend is towards 
new materials and old shapes. 
Epoxy resin is easy to mould 
back into shape when dam- 
aged and is said to be third 
lighter than any other plastic. 
Another 30 per cent lighter 
than the resin is titanium, 
which is also flexible and 
unbreakable. This, plus plastic 
lenses, is the perfect answer 
for people who cannot bear 
pressure oo the bridge of the 

What shape? Most people 
choose spectacles to suit the 
shape of their face rather than 
the whim of fashion, but for 
those who like to set trends, 
the 1950s are back in style, 
with upswept frames ranging 
from the discreet to the Dame 
Edna. The other shape of the 
season is the small, round 
frame in tortoiseshell or trans- 
parent plastic. The colours 
may be new — cherry reds and 
harebell blue, but the style is 
remarkably reminiscent of — 
dare I suggest? — the NHS. 

In the pink: Fab Two's pale pink plastic 
frames, £19.95 at Dollond & Aitchison 


All set for the grand hotel 

y Childhood nightmares, of rat- 
ing in hotels — sitting stiff- 
backed in silence while 
> munching through water- 
logged spinach and burnt roast 
potatoes — have been all but 
expunged by my more recent 
experiences of hotel dining- 
rooms. . 

Led by the likes of Anton 
Mosimann at the Dorchester, 
chefe based in hotel kitchens 
have been earning as much 
recognition, if not more, than, 
their colleagues in individual 
restaurants and . the . restau- 
rant-going public recognizes 
that the hotel dining-room is 
no longer an unfashionable or 
over-priced alternative to -the 

local bistro. 

One of the devices that has 
been used to great advantage 
is the fixed-price meal, allow- 
ing customers to enjoy the 
generally superior comfort or a 
hotel at rates more suited to 
the confined spaces of a 
-„■ restaurant. 

"• -■ The Athenaeum Hotel, situ- 
! 7^ ated at the Hyde.Raik end of 
V* V Piccadilly, is a perfect exam- 
pie. There is an appeahng a la 
• : carte menu, but the business 
. * :i ;, hwch is so • comprehensive 

- and such good value — two or 

r :r : .r* three courses, coffee. 

service for £15.50 or-£17*50 

... T ' that it is more convenient to 

l,i - choose from that. Not is 

. V. choice restricted by .the .Sxed 

" ; ' - ^ price. The starters oner a 

i ' •* ,v 3 yJ range -of 4ight and savoury 
•’ * ri 1 tastes, from leek and spinach 
# au gratin to a pungent, moist 
‘ game tenine . served .with 

.-Z Cumberland sauce.- 
, • The trolley-based main 

' courses change .daily,* 

V v , Solomon Grtmdy.. Judging by 

« ' s ,- : oot Tuesday selection -two 

.. • j -‘ -y .'huge slices of pmne Sootttsn 
1 .. ••• ■ ‘.v beef— tfte-qnafe if fruitless. 

, Tire other main 

’ " *" Ychoices mdude a ' 

' >dish - supreme of bnl! with 


•i *'**-!' J . ... . ... i.. ; 

D^na Laadbstnr 

spinach atu ^ cheese — and six 

creationsravtilving meet, offil 
or game. ‘ 

The dessert trolley, is a 
supreme temptation to go 
beyond the £1 5 JO, tWHSomse 
limit, with, strawberry-fla- 
voured zabagfione and choco- 
late truffle tone proving 
irresistible. Cheeses are wdi 
represented in the English 
fo rmhm ise/hipb-dass French 
import style. 

-The wines indnded iti-the 
set lunch are for. from negligi- 
ble either - a light but fruity 
Bordeaux supSneur, CMteau 
Montoespic,is focredoptfon. 

is wefl-driUed ana 
attentive without being 
Stare hy. . . . 

bakes HoteL’set in a quiet 
courtyard off bustling St 
James's Place, offers equally 
gXKf value at hinchtinie: in 



and 7-11, 

Dukes Hotel, St James s 

lOfan)^ . j • 

even more stylish 

'First and last call should be 
the eleganL, dark green, pan- 
elled bar which boasts a 
staggering range of vin 
annagnacs and ports, 
restaurant's table d’hote lunch 
is not quite as comprehensive 
as the- Athenaeum’s, but for 
£13 and £15.50 respectively, 
you can enjoy three nicely 
balanced choices for a two or 
three' course meal. Ctrara of 
chicken soup, haddock in 
cream sauce, with peppers, 
salad of smoked eel or a 
pigeon breast sated with blue- 
berries might turn up among 
the starters, together with the 
modish, Italian steak tartare. 

Main course choices might 
include fresh scallops in a 
basil sauce, as old-fashioned 
mixed grill (this is St James's, 
remember), grilled turbot in a 
mild horseradish sauce, or 
veal kidneys in port sauce. 

However, you may be way- 
laid; as we were, by the A la 
'carre, which is by. no means 
aggressively priced- 

Here, a chicken fiver 
mousse, topped with slices of 
Calvados-soaked apple and 
set deliriously in a light, 
lobster-flavoured sauce 
(£4.50), or a coriander-spiced 
lobster sauce (£4) are excellent 
Openers.' • ' • 

Main dishes of veal fillet in 
a rich butter and chive sauce 
(£9.80) and. roast best end of 
lamb (£10.50) endorsed die 
impression of a kitchen with a 
modern eye and a classical 
memory. . . 

With a remarkably unex- 
pkuted wine list — the house 
policy is to keep mark-ups to a 
minimum -r and friendly ser- 
.vice of the old school Dukes 
Hotel is ait ideal venue for a 
quiet touch or dinner in. town. 

: Stan Hey 

Winning the battle 
over Bordeaux 


The campaign by UK wine 
merchants to hold down Bor- 
deaux proprietors’ charges for 
their 1985 darets seems to be 
succeeding. Most ch&eaux 
owners are releasing their 
wines at the same prices as for 
-84 vintages - or with merely 
marginal mark-ups. Robin 
Kemick of Corney & Barrow 
master-minded the plan from 
which all may benefit. 

Admirers of cru dosst Bor- 
deaux who like to buy early, 
and cheaply, still have time to 
send for the Htmgerford Wine 
Company’s offer for the ’85 
clarets, which I wrote about 
two weeks ago. HungerfQTd 
have extended the dosing date 
to April 14. 

Unfortunately many cha- 
teaux are rdeaang only small 
quantities of their en primeur 
darets — about as fitde as they 
released m 2984. These limit- 
ed quantities and a strong 
demand inevitably created a 
seller’s market 

An unpalatable aspect of the 
early trading of the 1985 
Bordeaux, vintage is the at- 
tempt by many negotiants to 
fob off their mostly mediocre 
’84s and *85$ together. They 
will not deal with UK mer- 
chants who did not buy the 
'84s, unless they are prepared 
to buy them now— in addition 
to the ^s. 

Bordeaux lovers are there- 
fore well-advised to buy earty. 
As yet, very few of our wine 
merchants have made Bor- 
deaux I98S offers. Those who 
have include Caves de la 
Madeleine, 301 Fulham Road, 
London v SW10; The 
Hungerford Wine Company, 
128 High Street, Hongerford, 
Berks; Kershaw's Wise Ware- 
house. 2 Canfield . Cardens, 

London NW6 and David 
Baillie Vintners, 86 
Longbrook Street, Exeter, 
Devon. April is also a good 
month to consume the tea of 
tbe winter reds before moving 
onto the first of the spring and 
summer wines. After a Budget 
it is rare to hear of wine 
merchants lowering their 
prices, but this is exactly what 
The Market chain has just 
done with its splendid '84 
Chateau de Belle Isle 
Corbirires from Monsieur Paul 
Pugnaud of Lezignan. This 
Corbidres is on special offer 
this month at £2.39 instead of 
£2.49. 1 much enjoyed its 13 
per cent alcohol, purple-black 
colour, spicy bouquet and 
raspberry-like palate. 

Another good April red 
comes from Salisbury's Vin- 
tage Selection. Claret accounts 
for much of this range, and 
although I was not ail that 
smitten with Sainsbury’s ’83 
Tourteay-Cbollet from the 
Graves when I lira tasted it 
last November, it has now 
rounded out to a big, cassis- 
like mouthful with a grassy 
flavour. Sadly, its price has 
filled out as well from £175 
per bottle in November to 
£4.45 now. The poor exchange 
rate against the franc has 
caused even cost conscious 
supermarkets to raise their 
prices. My advice this month 
is to pop along to your nearest 
Waitrose, whose under-£2 se- 
lection is superior to that of 
Sainsbury. The pick is the 
Carafe Red from Sardinia 
with its spicy peppery-fruity 
taste, especially as a one-litre 
bottle is just £2.35, while the 
two-litre bottle priced at £4.45 
works out at only £1.6? per 
75d bottle. 

Jane MacQuitty 

T his beautifully designed set of table 
and benches will remain a classic for 
many years to come. 

C ast-iron furniture is always elegant 
to look at but has die disadvantage 
of being heavy and prone to rusting. Tbe 
set of furniture offered here, however, is 
made using a high silicon aluminium 
alloy which is very durable yet relatively 
ligfrt The furniture is finished in an 
electrostatically appfied polyester 
powder to produce a highly chip and 
scratch resistant coating. The table and 
bench tops are made from specially 
treated Iroko hardwood slats and the set 
is supplied with instructions for easy 
home assembly. 

M ade in the U.K., the table measures 
2T high, 25' wide and 51" tong 
and the two benches measure 19’ high. 

14' wide and 51" tong. 

T his set of table and benches will make eating 
out in the garden a pleasure; the perfect 
combination of elegance and twentieth century 

Price — Table and two Benches: £210.00 

All prices are inclusive of post and packing. 
Please allow up to 21 days for delivery. If you 
are not satisfied The Tones will refund your 
money without question. 

Orders and enquiries should be sent to: 


KENT DAS 1BL Tel: Qayford53316 for 
enquiries only. 



t no nad to amplae coupon) 
(CrajTofd 1 0322-58011 
24 bound day -7 days a neefc 

Please send me Seifs) of Garden 

Furniture® £210 each. 

I enclose cheque! postal orders for £ 

made payable to The Times Garden Furniture 

Or debit my Access/ Visa Card no. 


Expiry date 

Send to; The Times Garden Furniture Offer, 
Bourne Road, Bexley, Kent DA 5 IBL. 



Qeyford 53316 for enquiries only- 




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UHdon Sfiogter fttete 
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Joyce Cate munMognmi 


ItoodayEMay ?4Sjan 
toedon Synxtey ORteka 
BenfeM AUuscaJ Iras 
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Bemtte SvmHunc Dances (rum 
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StK H t aM Ricti Sfirpncov No 5 
050 C4 5Q E6. C75Q OSQ C1Q5D 





CrteMStee fami munpa 

Ante vananw* on a theme ol 


Bote NccBimeStnng Quxtat No 2 
ShnuMth Concerto to Piano. 
Trumpet am Strings No 1 
Wtewky Serenade for Sam® 
Soons By Jeri" Lang ConstmcBon ud 



HWaateyr M May at 7 OQprn 
Scoria* Ctenber OrchesW 
JutefHOa Satee conductor 
MckaalUM trumpet 
Haydn Trumpet Concerto ai E fbi 
D atew aa Symphony No 8 mF 

BOOK TODAY! 01 638 8891/628 8795 I A 

BOOK TODAY! 01 638 8891/628 8795 m 

MftrtTlfeylfttrPS- altar 

RfajoseieiHti*aersi a 5'9 tSMjv 
Dun a ■ Cate Bxdaa n8i 



. — «uv/bi»*«o LCNSOiijnr«Xloi6«iCCroC— »»~?0*ir*m.0i-*»*Jt*! c = iMic«.:.i-nnuc; r '°- : ~* 7 : * * - 

OponoKrtay wrihfroo auhteom ond tunehlime munc. CoHaa Shea Buffer, Bore and Hiwsde Cafe. 

Jen groufl* every EnBtNlSMW NUnin g- Entoy t^emognrBcentwiwrcot Big Ben ondftyfemenl from eufri«wdcv«*»- 


tel> Barbican Centre. Silk St, EC2Y 8DS 
V*I> 01-633 8391/626 8795 
Telephone Bookings: 10am-8pm 7 days a week 

Owned. JvnrirS jominj;?; &>■ :re Cti;< i&ic* c» r i? CM. o-' l:~co 

Tuesday S April 
Barbican 7.45 pm 



City of London Sinfonia 

conducted by Yan Pascal Tortelier 
with violinist Yuzuko Horigome 

Mozart, Ravel, 
Beethoven, Hoddinott 

See Barincan p*nrf for riersriK 
Sponsored by John Laiztg Construction limited 


JV a the BARBICAN — Wednesdays or One 

April 9 

Peter Frankl & Tamas Vasary 



See paod fix father deaib 

SMwriry VIVALDI CONCERT ANTE J. Mtaiy icanOI A. P a n in a (I 
5 Apr n q*ntf8 m) Vi Ud Cry* in f Hx annqt MoarlCUrtmCone 
7*5 pro K.<B£tBi^OanaaormeNMiVkUaiConeMow>DinnlW 

■mrf <Mra Cm*504 ItaaW Sarng Son No ' m G 

• Apr BaUOTnSanau«NMiaiaNnNM<nENa OoCTNol. 
lOOpw la M MmiHia *i in w Op*UnSowimB«ii«» 


Url'.Mrlll I.IAF 

TONIGHT at 7.30 pm 


k Far dead* «e Feaivd Kill puei 

H Tickets: £9.50, £10.50 ONLY 

,<g so n'f i ba x k CRAi-rs 

h » r ' Hr pcrfccc.^ifts 

7- ' .-'.BOX Office 019JS2MI MAILlHG UST TJ 





Principal Conducton Giuseppe Sinopoli 



Hajdir Symphony No. 48 (Maria Theresia) 
Haydn: Cello Concerto in D 
Dvorak: Symphony No5 in F 


. , & ”• &X * £&«• £9 ^ £i l 

AnafiUk from Hall 101-028 3141 1 CC: (01-428 88001 h apafi 









£158. £*Ja,CV50. £7. £MQ.{4 «. £HL5oH*a 01-428 1141 CC a 1-428 8800 


Tonight 7.45pm 

BRAHMS Piano Concerto No 2 

DVORAK Symphony No 7 


■ PtcM n«lr chiaprol vutuml 


SpofuorrJhy the Pttfr Stunrsa/irFnoritAa/ba 

Sunday 13 April 7.30pm 


RIMSKY- KORSAKOV... Suite from ‘Ear Slicin' 

MENDELSSOHN. Violin Concetto 

TCHAIKOVSKY. Symphony No4 


Seat Prices 5 April £10.50. £8.50. £7.50. £6. £4.50. £3.50 
Seal Price* 13 April £1 1.£9. £7.50. £b. £4. 50. £3 50 
Box Office lei: 10-8e\er> day ind. Sun 01 -638 889 1/628 8795 

NORMAN MEAD MORE CONCERTS proems u ibe Bartncu 
TUESDAY 15 April 7*5 pm 


Recreating ibe authentic to mid of orchestral, ragtime and jaa from 
the turn of the century loihe 19?0sand featuring the works of 
Scott Joplin jelly Roll Morton A. J-Piron 



a jn. r? «l. £h 50. £5. £1 Hall 01-62* 8745 



© ChaMrr ESPANA 






£X L*. ft £ * -W/fc £10 HM 01-628 8795 C.C 01-638 8»I 
’ TktQ includes FREE programme 
Spouaored by Moor Puayop 


ai the BARBICAN. 




' * Gftdw :. RUSHAN AND LUDMILLA 0% 

||rju B««w: Musac for the royal fireworks 




£A £& £7. £H50k£9Sk£1050 

FRIDAY IB APRIL «t 7^5 pm 


rmuaniar nmi Wafa bom ‘Engine Onc^n’; 


TOMORROW at 3 pm 


‘Her visiu are rare and cbertshabfc events' 

far dette « pad Fianaal Taw 

MONDAY NEXT 7 APRIL at 7.45 pm 


BACH: Parma No.I, BWV.825 
RAVEL: Gaspard de h Nuit 
CHOPIN: Piano Sonata in B fit minrw 

£2. £3. £4. £5, £6 Bn Offin 01-028 1191 CC 01-4238800 

SUNDAY 13 APRIL at 3 pm 


ID a *°P“ : Famawe in F minor, Op.49 
t H R Ravet Vaises Nobles et Sendmemales 

III Beethoven: Sanaa No . 26 in E /be, Op.81 (a) 
III Chopin: Twdve Studies. OpJ5 

£*■ L 5 - & fiwn Bax Oflite (Ql-9% J|9|-, CC I0I-0M 8M»i 

!%■! Marche Stave; The Nutcracker Suae; 

IIAW Overture ‘181? with Cannon & 
^pr Mortar Effects • 

•£5L £6. £7.50,£W0. £950 


ABO Academy Choir (Finland) 



| Royal Opera House 

Gioacchino Rossini's 


Concert performances 


Henry Lewis 

c»t includes: June Anderson, 
Marilyn Horne, Samuel Rainey, 
Chris Merritt, Gwynne Howell 

April 9, 12, 15 at 6J0pm 

Ticket,: £2-£27 
AccessATisa/Diners Club 
Reservations: 01-240 I06S/19U 
A London himjiimul Opera Fevmtl Eseru 
tpansrrtd fy Hilhdmn Holdings pi: 

laiHwiadoB with the Philhannontai Orchestra 




£5. jf>, £7 50. £8 50. 50 from Hall 638 884K92S StVi da tv itK. Samtayi 

in association with the NSO 


JOHANN STRAUSS Ov. FWtmoia, Hunung FoUa. UxcsofSpnog, 
Cuckoo PoUa. Ezypi un Match. Champapw PoUa, fVrpctmnB Mobile, 
rizacno Polka. Raderzky March; Bloc Danub e; LEH AKGcid A Sjrer 
Bjhz:SUPPEOv FM & Paani: VALDlEUFELE^im; 
SCHUBERT L'nfrmahed Sympbaor 
t J Su. £5. £6 56, f7 ^il from Hall 428 1191/028 SHOT 







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Box Office <01-628 8799> Crada CM» (01-638 88911 

JOIN OUR FREE MAILING LIST. Wot to Raymond Gobbzy Ltd, 
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SUNDAY 13 APRIL at 7 30 pm 


Mateobn Sagoa FcaM Chair — 1M macro 

£9. £B. £650. £SAQ( £Ltt Box Office 01-te 8212 CC. 01-539 94C6 

AD proceed* of thfa coocerl wHl be doomed. U 

To dance the Minuet .... 

nd ocher dn*r« the Ge mgi e u ptfaod 
— * p ii e m ■ gft v u n i. 


will be holding 3 classes only on 

TUESDAYS APRIL 22. 29 & MAY 13 at 7 pm 


Su* 25- ja 12-13 Henneto Sl. Unn WC201-8M 291b 



St George’s Hanover Square London ’Wl 

Saturday & Apt! • • ■ MOp “ 


Nancy Aianta. Ga&m Ffcfaer. Catherae Otufcy. Arftw to*. 
Jiichafd^tge. London Hantkl Orehestm 
Conductor Roy Coodtoaa 




Mon-FVf T 30 Thu Mat 2-50 sal 5 
ti flJO. 

APOtLO TBBATIK. BhaflesBarv 

Aye.aST 2663 -«JA 369a. Frr« 

am oi sm tsoo. crp samat 

«o 6123 From Wed. E tea 
8pm. Sat Man 4.30. 



8230 CC 37V Cri6&/6433- Last 
2 perf a Toda y SO & T JO 
Laraw otnwr Award -8S. A 









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- *te 

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.rs trail 

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(PavifiorJ £9.95) wove 

•I ' 1 ' 

, !*> J 


_s“‘ .1 

„ »'* 

sfacti - 

«h birthday loom® 
“"J Predictably 

^»*ors and pob- 
Jjhen seek ways 
S~ celebrating it. 
Pavilion ha Ve -p^ 
. . ®wed two books 
ttot. do not conform tothr 
fi™* vmfon of a niyal 

The Queen Observed 
jms essays by ** a tram of 

The Observer". Because they 
are intelligent and not royal 
“Pertss they feel able to be 
fmuswhst rude at times, be- 
fore hradng up foefrpSora- 
bonsand concluding that th* 
Q^en is a good thing". 

routes and branches I waving 

the flag 
for boys 
in battle 

— v vMuibjr 

— ' “imthreat- 

enmg dowdiness” and 
Katharine Whitehom chides 
tte- Majesty for looking som- 
bre m church (without re- 
minding us that the Queen is 
Head of the Church of En- 
gand and thus has spiritual 
responsibilities to consider). 

. While on this happy occa- 
aon it is good to have John 
Gngg atoning for his outspo- 
ken behaviour in the 1950s, it 
is irksome that Katharine 
Whitehom can only conclude 
that it is a good thing to have 
“an earth mother figure" on 
fothe throne. 

. However, there is interest- 
ing material in Donald 
Trelford’s article mi the Press 
and the Palace, and Hugh 
Mcllvanney is very jolly on 
the r acing, with good quotes 
from Lord Poncbester. 

At times I felt that the pieces 
. were uninspired - Simon 
Hoggart revamping material 
from the 1985 tour of the West 
Indies, and Alan Watkins 


'iV''"..! '* .* * • • . # ***'.■ ♦ * ^■'■' ‘5“-' 

™*M^tomfora horse? TJe Queen shares a love of horses with many of her relatives. 
She is pictured here at Windsor fe 1956, with Prince Charles andPrincess Ama*^ 

assemhled" (ttobliubx when 

the Queen is observed bar±- 
to^front, die glorious colour 
shoes having been printed in 

In the last essay Simon 
Hoggart says of the Queen: 
“She has three basic expres- 
sions, on which all others are 

doing a nifty prfids of his 
in Volume n of The 


Crossman Diaries. 

Alas, too, there are three 
occasions in “one of the best 
photo collections ever 

latter two would be much in 
. evidence were Her Majesty to 
peruse this volume. . 

Alan Hamilton's The Royal 
100 is a brave attempt to say 
people in line of succession to ' 
the throne. 1 have never dared 
commit myself beyond, the' 
troubled patch of the 

I felt that Mr Hamilfbn 
would get into deep water 

sooner or later, and while he is 

dextrous in unravelling each - 
new line; he must have had 

numerous while 

preparing this book. 

Of course it Is all academic, 
and it would take a tragedy of 
prodigious proportions to 
place somebody like Ulf 
Bauscher (number 86) on our 

Interestingly, all the 100 
descend either from Edward 
VII or from his brother Alfred, 
Duke of Edinburgh. Thus, 
tech n ical members of the Roy. 
al Family like the Ramsays 
and Abel Smiths are well out 
of the naming. 

Mr Hamilton set himself a 
-doubly difficult task by feeling 
that be had to say something 
about each and every one of 
the 100, and very quickly 
discovered that there really is. 
nothing to say about some of 
the candidates. At these points 
he resorts to phrases such as: 
“Like his cousin N icholas, 
bom in foe same year, he 
enters foe line ofsuccesa'on". 
His book is hot without 

errors. Lady Helen Windsor 
does not work for a Bond 
Sheet auctioneers, but for a 
King Street one (Christie’s). 
Edward LasoeOes is not a plain 
M Mr"; as foe son ofa Viscount 
be is an " Hon". The wife of 
Henry LasceOes is omitted 
from an otherwise detailed 
book. The Fife children were 
Highnesses (HH) - Alexan- 
dra, Duchess of Fife, becom- 
ing an HRH only on marrying 
Prince Arthur of Connaught. 

As I say, poor Mr Hamilton 
is in dangerous waters. How- 
ever, he is to be commended 
on a nice accurate family tree, 
which is a vital guide to the 
many disparate brandies he 
deals with. 

After foe Queen's Birthday 
books are safety out of the way 
we can, I imagine, look for- 
ward to a bout of “Fergie" 
fever amongst our august 
publishing houses. I rather 
dread it. 

Channel Four's success with 
its film and documentary 
seasons on foe British at War 
and foe Americans at War has 
persuaded it to fill the Thurs- 
day five o'dock slot for the 
next few weeks with a season 
on foe Allies at War. 

The formula is foe same — 
usually a feature film followed 
by one or two short documen- 
taries — but the umbrella title 
is not especially significant. 
Many of the films could just as 
well have been in the other 
seasons, and there is no under- 
lying theme. 

It starts with the 1939 film 
of Robert Sherwood’s play 
Idiot's Delight (Thurs, 5- 
7pm), usually remembered for 
its rare glimpse of Clark Gable 
hoofing it in white tie and tails 
to the music of “Puttin' on foe 
Ritz''. The serious bit has 
Gable, patriotic American, 
preaching pacifist morality to 
Norma Shearer, just as Ameri- 
can but pretending to be 
Russian and going out with a 
nasty warmongering arms ty- 
coon. She sees foe error of her 
ways as war starts breaking 
out all over. 

Frontline chorus line: Clark Gable singing ‘Puttin' on foe Ritz' in Idiot's Delight 
surprisingly effective bio-pic 
of foe dictator's rise, with 
good portrayals of the leading 
Nazis and the inevitable Bob- The Men (1950): Marlon 
by Watson as Hitler - he Brando very good in his first 

film, as a soldier retumir 


home a paraplegic, with 

t social and sexual 

played foe role in no fewer 
than six films. 

The eclectic season aim 
includes This Gun for Hire 
(1942), which, though un- 
ashamedly made for propa- 
ganda purposes. is 
nevertheless, in spirit anyway, Sullivan's Travels (1941V 
a reasonably intelligent and Directed by Preston Sturaes, 
faithful adaptation of Graham with Joel McCrea surprisingly 
Greene's .4 Gun for Sale. Alan 


problems. He spent a month in 
a wheelchair preparing. Still 
powerful (BBC2, today, 2.05- 

Ironic observations of life 

Hugo Vickers 

Later in the season. Western 
Approaches is a splendid ex- 
ample of what can be done 
without stars and with mini- 
mal resources. Made by the 
Crown Film Unit in 1943, it 
uses real merchant sailors as 
torpedoed merchantmen 
adrift and at foe mercy of U- 
boats. The men actually had to 
go out to sea in little boats - 
their discomfort seen on the 
screen was real enough. The 
story is fictional but foe feel 
of foe film is documentary. 

The Hiller Gang (1944) is a 

Ladd _ gives a powerfully 
brooding performance as 
Raven, foe psychotic hired 
killer whose patriotism even- 
tually overcomes his merce- 
nary neutrality. 

The Pied Piper (1942) has 
Monty Woolley as an irascible 
old man smuggling children 
out of occupiedFrance; and in 
Cloak and Dagger (directed by 
Fritz Lang in 1946) Gary 
proper is a scientist parachut- 
ing into Nazi Germany. 

War can be fim, too. Bob 
Hope jokes his way into the 
army in Caught in the Draft 
(1941). and Abbott and Cos- 
tello down their way throu gh 
foe Air Corps in keep ’em 
Flying ( 1941). 

convincing as wealthy film 
director quitting to discover life 
on the seamy side. Effective 
blend of satire and social 
realism (Channel 4, Tues. 9.10- 

Sleeper (1973): Woody Allen 
wakes up after 200 years m the 
deep freeze, with some doubts 
about the future; with the usual 
mix of inventive and anguished 
gags and one-liners. Much 
more hit than miss (BBC2, 

Wed. 9.25-1 0.50pm). 


TJrez sur te Pfaniste (I960): 

Playing ball: Woody Allen at 
work in Sleeper 

Charles Aznavour tauntingly 

excellent as the meek pi. 
caught up in murder and 

protecting his brothers, in 
Truffaut's vir 

j virtuoso homage to 

the Hollywood film noir 
(Channel 4. Wed, 10-11 30pm). 

Marcel Berlins 

This fa Spinal Tap (1983): 
Frequently funny, scabrous 

spoof on tiie rock-music 
scene, following the 
adventures of a British group 
touring the United States to 
promote its controversial 
album Smell the Glove 
(Channel 4, Fri, 11.15pm- 

’First television showing 



Moncrieff M 

My Heart Laid Bare and 
other prose writings by 
Charles Baudelaire, . 
translated tty Norman 
CamermfSoho, £5.85) 
Dominique by Eugdne 
Fromentin. translated by Sir' 
Edward Marsh (Soho, 



Axei # 

Adam, translated by M. Gaddis 
Rose (Soho, £4,951 

There has never been such a 
New Year’s present, since a 
time when I was so young that 
everything was new. One is 
lucky to preserve pockets of 
ignorance that make these 
, surprises possible. Here is 
JAimance, an eariy novel by 
Stendhal that I bad never 
heard o£ and so good it is Eke 
watching foe first race of a 
young horse that is going to 
win the Derby- 

No novel by Stendhal is all 
that early: this was the fizio, 
and be was 43 when he wrote, 
it, after three years of lovej 
with a very beautiful woman, 
which cured him of an. old, 
long drawn-out, unhappy pas- 
sion. - and cured him of youth 
perhaps. The three years end- 
ed sadly, he wrote Armance 
and took refuge in London. 

His style was already lucid, 
ironic and full of subtle obser- 
vations of life. The story -is 

Dirk Mystery: Stendhal, 
exploring tensions ‘ 

fence. “How I should tike to 
command a gun or a steam- 
engine”, he says; and there is 
suppressed . violence in foe 
tension of foe entire no veL 
When: Armance first ap- 

rf^imple: hardly more than a 
v come. The motif of love is 

complicated only by social 
obstacles and by the mysteri- 
ously dark, maturing tempera- 
ment of the young man. 
Action, whenever it occurs, 
does so with precipitate vio- 

•*1 AUJ^IT 

and .its hero thought 

crazy. Even today one might 
think him just another case of 
Byronic temperament - foe 
novel ends with his ship in 
sight of Greece. His widow 
enters a convent; let us hope, 
she came out again and mar- 
ried a successful promoter of 

But foe due is printed as an 
appendix; a letter from Sten- 
dhal to Mfirimfie written just 
before Christmas, 1826, re- 
veals .that the essential charac- 
ter of foe.novel is impotence, 
and foe sexual diffictrities of 
young people. 

In feet Stendhal has 
broached the subject of his 
masterworks, foe process of 
growing up; and laid down one 

. of the secret ingredients of his 
style which, notwithstanding 
his pure clarity, is tad, know- 
ing and conveying a great deal 
.more, about, reauty. than he 
Gaysin so matty.words. He is a 
profoundly benign writer. • 

- ^Ey ery "iMMfiaBoriTso Sr 
from* tins new* publishing 
house aronsesoneY curiosity. 
I am probably a typical cus- 
tomer. in that ! already pos- 
sessed -only pan of foe. 
Baadshdre, in - IsherwoodY 
, briffiani version . with Auden's 
thrilling but opinionated in- 
troduction (Panther, 1969). 
Tbe present offering is much 
more substantial 
The best known of these 
books is perhaps Fromen tin’s 
Donriniqae in Edward Marsh's 
translation, which used to be 
. common in second-hand 
bookshops. Dominique has 
always been admired; I thmic 
it is one of Francis 
Wyndham's favourite books, 
which says a good deal for it. 

The obscurest book to most 
readers will surely be Axel an 
un-actable poetic prose drama 
by VTCiers de Piste Adam. In 
translation tirej^poetic" quali- 
ty turns to cardboard, so that I 
opened it enthralled and shut 
it frustrated. Sartre called it 
"admirable; but mad". I 
thought, it Intelligent, but in- 
tolerably affected. 

The publisher's personal 
taste is obviously intransigent, 
and his range is very wide. 
Lyeskov, Nietzsche's letters, 
Pater’s Marius, and George 
Barker’s Dead Seagull are to 
come. The list makes one feel 
100 years younger. 

Peter Levi 

Portrait of 
an artist 
in Paris 

Bureaucratic^/’ battlegrounds 


Scurabler by WBKam 
Wharton (Penguin, £3.95) 
ScmnUer Is an American 
painter firing in ftih and 
many of the trappings of the 
artist-in-Paris tradition are 
lovingly hud out. There is 
inclined to be an aristocratic 
sculptor Hvfrig downstairs and 
a Bohemian pro stitute up- 
stairs. At one point he is eating 
cold pizza in a bleak studio 
when a millionaire's wife 
sweeps in and begins to buy up 
all his paintings. Basically, 
however, it is more a simple 
story about a man coping with 
m idd le age, than one about art 
or Paris. Fortunately he has 
enough fantasies to Even 
thin gs np. 

Winter Journey by Ronald 
Frame (Triad Grafton, £SL50) 
There is often something tan- 
taliznig about a description of 
an adult relati ons hi p as seen 
through the eyes of a drihL 
Tbe details do not quite fit into 
a coherent pattern and the 
child's sense of poweriessness 
can distort as much as clarity. 

A morbid mind on vile bodies 

Notes of an An a tomist by 
F. GonzaJez-Crussi (Picador, 

The first few pages of this 
absorbing collection of essays 
indicate clearly that Professor 
Gonzalez-Crussi has written a 
most original and astonishing 
book. Born and brought up in 
Mexico City, be qualified 
there as a doctor, his post- 
graduate studies taking him in 
due course to the United 
States where he is now foe 
Professor of Pathology at 
North western University in 

His command of the En- 
glish language could be attrib- 
uted in part to bis migration 
northwards, but it is too good 
for that. While containing one 
or two charmingly minute 
errors, his natural talent has 
reached a. point where h? can 
out-write most of us — add in 
a style that is rich, flexible and 
clear. ■ 

But literary style is foe least 
of it, when ..the reader is 
plunged into a maelstrom^ of 
grotesques,' abnormalities, 
perplexities. mysteries and 
marvels only encountered be- 
fore in foe pages of a Jacobean 
drama or a play by " Ben 


the biological - oddity of multi- 
ple births and babies. bom 
with a tail. 

With its resemblance, to a 
medical curiosity-shop. Notes 
of. an Anatomist may not 
appeal to everyone. However, 
laymen with strong stomachs 
will welcome it as a healthy 
corrective to our increasingly 
hygienic and distanced view 
of death. 

Professor Goazalez-CnissP $ 
mind is seboferiy, his mood 
ironic, his reading encyclopae- 
dic, ranging from Plato and 
Ancient Greece through foe 
early church fathers to Sir 

Good com 

■ a Crammed with anecdotes 

.& ™ ancient lore, this short 

“ 4 book discusses, in accordance 

. with the author’s training as a 
? , * * ' morbid anatomist, tbe deviant 

' ^ anrl surrufont&l in natUTC: 

and foe accidental ui ;hature: 
malformations, ‘monsters 

(both real mid mythical), and 

Thomas Browne, Montaigne 
and, not surprisingly, Ctervan- 
tes. He makes good use ofhis 
companions and is obviously 
at ease with them after many, 
years in their society. . 

Paihologislsjie tdls ns, nec- 
essarily see die world inside 
oat and “advance by badk- 
ward leaps^-Scientists trained . 
in experimental methods may 
laugh at a : -profession that 
perceives a .cause from , irre- 
versible terminal effects. Bur . 
the method* has a successfb^ 
even illustrious, record and to 

pursue it requires conviction 
* and scientific zeal 

Abstract philosophizing has 
ho place in Professor Gonza- 
lez-Crussi’s intellectual 
armoury. Euphemisms make 
him smile. Even the persua- 
sive suggestion that tbe dead 
become dust and are re- 
absorbed into the earth and air 
does not interest him; and it is 
significant flat he embarks on 
his one metaphysical flight 
giving first <plaoe to foe unat- 
tractive habits of the common 
house-fly, and second to its 
marvellous compound eye. 

‘ Tbe book draws to a dose 
with some sound and sombre 
observations on circumcision, 
ch2d-ba tiering, the present- 
day exaltation of sexuality, 
and a semi-jocular -chapter on 
pseudonyms for the male 
genital organ. First , prize bn 
this fast topic must go - to "Dr 
■Johnson”, a term in use' from 
about 1790 to 1880/ and so 
called "perhaps because there 
was no ‘ one 'he was not 
prepared to stand up to”. 

Professor Gonzalez<£ru$$i 
strikes a chord not often heard 
today: that of the myth-maker 
who has. no need of myths to 
tell .his fabulous true stories. 
Instead he summons Borges to 
support him: “The zoology of 
dreams is far poorer than the 
zoology of the Maker”. It is 
. Professor Gonzal ez-Crusa ’s 
steady, e a rfobound' look at 
ourselves as we are that gives 
these essays ihear strength and 
then fascination. J. 

"Isabel Butterfield 

In this story Annoele, who fa 
aged about 12, is traveflfag 
ftrough Europe with bier par- 
ents. As she sits in the back of | 
foe car she listens to her 
parents tearing each other 
apart and she recalls past 
events, isolated memories 
from her earlier rhiMh ood 
which help to explain the 
insults they are screaming at 
each other. 

Defence of the realm costs 
£700 a year for each taxpayer 
and has spawned the most 
impenetrable bureaucracy in 
Britain and vicious inter- 
service warfare. 

The fighting may be con- 
ducted in subcommittees be- 
hind dosed doors, but on the 
evidence of the first of four 
parts of M.OJ). (BBC 2, Wed, 
8.lO-9pmX it is more dosdy 
fought than the highly choreo- 
graphed military manoeuvres 
in West Germany which the 
West always wins. 

M.OJ). debunks much mili- 
tary strategy and claims that 
arguments in favour of in- 
creased air, sea or land power 
are in essence attempts by the 
respective services to wrest a 
bigger share of the defence 

The editing is fast, the 
commentary sharp and the 
glossy hi-tech images of mech- 
anized war would do credit to 
a MoD recruiting film. 

All of which isa far cry from 
The Four Horsemen (ITV, 
Wed, 9-1 0pm), the second 
part of David Muoro’s gory 
look at war in Eritrea, Mo- 
zambique, Nicaragua, El Sal- 
vador, Cambodia and 
Vietnam^ to name just six of 
100 wars since foe Second 
World War. 

But whatever the country, 
the lament remains the same 
- the political conflict of the 

Volunteers for violence: Nicaraguan Sandinistas, 
fighting tbe dollar and the Contras, in The Four Horsemen 

first world is being fought out 
in tbe third world — and it is 
the innocents whose blood is 

Another dangerous bureau- 
cratic conspiracy comes under 
fire on Tuesday when foe 
Ministry of Agriculture is 
accused of promoting and 
subsidizing the production of 
lethal meat and dairy 

Dr Michael O'Donnell in 
O'DonneU Investigates foe 
Food Business (BBC2, Tues, 
7.30-8pml launches salvoes 
of accusations about tbe 

ministry's part in making the 
saturated British diet one of 
foe most atrocious in foe 
world. Only the fact that he 
stands twitching in a sheep- 
skin coat in a gloomy field 
detracts from bis message. 

There is a particularly unc- 
tuous, servile style reserved by 
British broadcasters for Royal 
interviews and commentaries. 
Royalty (Channel 4, tonight, 
9- 1 0pm) is a refreshing 

Although its German mak- 
ers had intended an ironically 
critical approach to “ the 

world’s most successful 
anachronism", what emerges 
is a favourable portrait of foe 
hard-working family firm of 
Windsor Inc. 

Rolf Seelmann-Eggebert 
was given access to foe Royal 
Family, which he used to 
provide ipsight into, rather 
than fawning cliches on, foe 
mechanics of being a 

Miami Vice (BBC1, Tues, 
10-1 0.50pm) , a fast-moving 
music and fashion show with 
criminal tendencies, is mutton 
dressed up as lamb. It is a very 
old format. But continuing its 
tradition of audience-pulling 
guest stars, it has singer- 
songwriter Phil Collins mak- 
ing his television acting debut 
and strutting around as a 
gaudily dressed conman. 

Horizon: Tbe Case of the 
Frozen Addict (BBC2, Mon, 
8.05-9pm) is a fabulous medi- 
cal mystery thriller, with foe 
victims of “designer" heroin 
frozen into statue-like poses 
by appalling advanced symp- 
toms of Parkinson's Disease. 
The clues are to be found in a 
maze of molecular structures 
and fingerprints of chemicals. 

Three Up, Two Down 
(BBCl, Mon, 8.30-9pm). the 
coarse situation comedy of 
class conflict in a three-storey 
up-and-coming area, wastes 
the talents of Michael Elphick 
as the Jack-the-Lad basement 
lodger. Fortunately the over- 
amplified studio - laughter 
leaves the best lines 

Magic and mischief 

Bob Williams 

When we are told at the end 

■ that “the only ' history of 
importance fa foe history of 

what yw once believed in, and 
what yon came to befieve in", it 
fa hard to deckle who has 
believed in what since we are 
left with only the fragments of 
a story. Perhaps that fa the 


The Fall of Kelvin WaBcer 
bjrAiasdair Gray (Penguin, 

This fa a moral fable mostly 
about being Scottish. Kelvin 
Walker fa the product of a 
strict CaMnbtk npbringmg 
who snddenly arrives in Lw 
don to make his name. With 
foe unassailable assets of 
naivety, self-centredness and 
his -native accent he instantly 
lands a job in teferishm- 
' ^erriewing the great aad the 
good. He becomes rich and 
successful Bat if fa not 
enough: he wants to pot the 
world to rights and that fa his 

Hfa father arrives from foe 
North to cut him down to size 
m a painful television inter- 
view and his girlfriend <ifr an- 
dons him.- So be r etu r ns to 
Scotland tobecomeamtaister 
of foe Church and to live 
unhappily ever after in a state 
of increasing nanvwHminded- 
uess. His girlfriend on foe 

-ly -wifo-an artist in Ladbroke 
Grove.“It fa easier for them**, 
says Gray, “they areEngfisb". 

Anne Barnes 

This evening Radio 4 has two 
tales to bold children from 
{day and old men from tbe 
chimney corner. The children 
are being wooed — from telly 
rather than pfay. of course — 
by a dramatization of Alan 
Garner's novel The 
Weirdstone of Brisingamen 
(7-9pm). This has been care- 
fully timed to encourage fam- 
ily listening before the 
children go to bed — an excel- 
lent idea. 

The adaptation is by The 
Tunes’s own David Wade, 
and foe cast indudes Edward 
de Souza and two children 
new to radio, Andrea Murphy 
and Mark Kingston. Tbe plot 
concerns a brother and sister 
who become involved in a 
fight for the possession of a 
magic jewel which has been 
stolen by foe Forces of Evil 
Plenty of wizardry and 

The grown-ups' treat is a 
new Saturday night thriller 
serial A Judgment in Stone 
(9.30-9.58pm). Ruth RendeU's 
chilling novel inaugurates a 
new weekly spot, u which 
good modern crime and sus- 
pense fiction wjll be read. 

Yet another Radio 4 goodie 
this evening — the first of a 
new series called The Mischief 
Makers (1030-1 lpm). Five 
mien who were mad, bad and 

dangerous to know will be 
featured, and the first is the 
odious Frederick Rolfe, also 
known as Baron Corvo, the 
author of Hadrian the Seventh 
and of much mischief 

Auden called him “one of 
the great masters of 
vituperation" , and his victims 
were usually those who had 
initially befriended him. Mar- 
garet Howard presents this 

study in perversity, with Alee 
cCowen doing foe readings. 


by sentence, W 


Radio 3 has a new play by 

r*. Pbw- 

the talented Steve May 
ers Passing (tomorrow, 8.15- 
9pm) centres on a 
conversation in a North Afri- 
can resort between an elderly 
Ca n adia n (Barry Morse) and 
an 'engaging West Indian 
(Norman Beaton) who appar- 
ently has something to sell. On 
Radio 4, one of foe drama 
highlights is an adapation of 
Henry James’s mystery story 
Maud-Evetyn (Wed, 3.02- 
3.47pm) by Joan O’Connor - 
who as a child was actually 
dandled on foe author’s knee. 

Time for Verse (Radio 4, 
Thurs, 1 1. 48-noon) returns 
with a new series and a new 
time slot and In foe Mist of 
Silence (Radio 3. Fri. 8.10- 
8.30pm) offers the English 
premiere of poems by I nna 
Ramshinskays, who fa cur- 
rently serving seven years’ 
hard labour for “distributing 
poems which discredit the 
Soviet Union”. 

Amis wipes the floor with 
all his contemporaries... 
a great novel’ 


Nigel Andrew 


* ' ' .• . -_ .. 





■ , ,V 


kV ^3^' 

FIRST OF JUNE: June Anderson, 

ttie coloratura soprano, makes her 
ddbut with the Royal Opera in the 
name part of Rossini’s Semiramide; 
this is ■ its first performance at 
Covent Garden since 1887. Royal 
Opera House (1 01-240 10661 
Wednesday and April 12, 1o. 

FIZZ BIZ: Coca-Cola has reached 
the Concise Oxford Dictionary , and 
has Its own exhibition celebrating 
100 years of container design for the 
world’s most popular "aerated 
non-alcoholic dnnk”. Boilerhouse, 
Victoria and Albert Museum (01- 
581 5273). From Wednesday. 

HEAVEN'S GATE: Mark Twain, 
who was bom 150 years ago, is the 
subject of White Suit Bkjes, 
commissioned from Adrian Mitchell 
by Radio 3 and based on Twain’s 
Adventures in the Afterlife. Harry 
Towb plays the writer. Radio 3, 
Wednesday, 7.30-9.35pm. 


Promise a 

Typically, the Irish will be 
celebrating Samuel Bee ken's 
“official" 80th birthday later 
this month with a lunch at 
which their foremost man of 
letters will not be present. 
Beckett, who lives in Paris, 
will remain there while his 
health is toasted in Dublin by 
Eire’s literati. 

But he has been more 
substantially honoured by be- 
ing appointed Saoi of the Irish 
equivalent of the Academie 
Franchise, called the Aosdana. 
This is a very new establish- 
ment trying to sound very 
ancient but with the honour- 
able enough intention of pro- 
viding Irish men of letters 
with a £5,000 pension if they 
cannot make a bob or two out 
of their work. Needless to say. 
Beckett has not yet applied for 
their alms. 

Pub scene 

They're either very forgiving 
or very forgetful at the Old 
Vic. The forthcoming produc- 
tion of H.\fS Pinafore stars 
.Man Devlin, the Dublin actor 
who walked off the stage and 
into the history books by 
declaring: “ — this, I'm off 
down the pub”. 

Devlin's mid-scene exit, in 
the Irish production of Pin- 
afore. does not seem to worry 
the Vic management too 
much. “We're pretty sure 
he”ll be all right”, they say 
blithely. Should Devlin have 
cause to give a repeat perfor- 
mance. I can recommend a 
pub. appropriately called The 
Stage Door, some 45 seconds 
from the theatre. Thirty sec- 
onds if he runs. 

• You have to admire the 
blnff approach of Cornish 
farmer John Southern, 
who owns a remarkable 
collection of the works of 
Archibald Thorborn, 
considered by some to be 
the world's finest bird artist 
The collection, which hung 
in a purpose-built gallery at 
his leisure park at 
Dobwalls, dismally failed to 
arouse the interest of the 
thousands of visitors. So 
Southern simply took out 
the paintings and bulldozed 
the gallery to the ground. 
Instead, he is spending 
£300,000 displaying the 
paintings in an audio-visual 
presentation which Prince 
Charles will inaugurate next 

Power of love 

Bui for ihe romantic interven- 
tion of Henry Moore, Dame 
Barbara Hepworth might now 
be a superannuated teacher, 
tutting about the pay dispute 
while doing her knitting. In a 
new book by Moore’s photog- 
rapher friend John Hedgecoe, 
the sculptor recalls his early 
days at Leeds Arts SchooL 
“When Barbara arrived she 

Moore and Hepworth 
was just going to do an art 
school course and she would 
have become a drawing teach- 
er at a secondary school”. 
Moore recalls. “I became a bit 
sweet on her and we went out 
together. Through my influ- 
ence she changed and wanted 
to become a sculptor.” The 
rest, as they say, is history. 

Silent heirs 

The National Gallery is re- 
maining tight-lipped over 
their latest bequest, from the 
win of Jeffery Daniels, the 
distinguished art historian. 
Daniels, the curator of the 
Gefirye Museum in East Lon- 
don. died earlier this year. In 
his will he left a modest Old 
Master to the National Gal- 
lery. However, the NG are less 
than forthcoming about the 
painting's identity. “We can- 
not announce anything yet”, 
they say. Apparently they will 
wait until May before deciding 
whether to take the painting. 

A serious woman 
about the house 


CHUNG/LSO: MyungWhun 
Chung conducts the London 

Jutan Sftnmonds 

•• t* 

. ■- >, V. 


WM’' " ♦* 

• W. .. 

>>'*- :< r :• • . 

- f.r-'C 
. „■-> *!**>' . ' ■ '•••••. 

P aula Wilcox does not 
pull her punches. 
“The theatre", she 
says firmly, "is being 
starved of young talent The 
situation is becoming 

For an actress who has 
made a comfortable living 
across the dramatic spectrum 
from popular television come- 
dy in Man About The House to 
Hedda Gabler m the West 
End. it seems an unusually 
altruistic statement 
But with the long estab- 
lished row over Equity's strin- 
gent admission rules newly 
resuscitated — the union is 
being taken to court by a non- 
member actor for its closed 
shop policy — the normally 
soft-spoken Miss Wilcox 
comes on hot and strong. 

“It is a cause for concern 
when you see genuine would- 
be actors come through drama 
school only to find it virtually 
impossible to get an Equity 
ticket I don’t think those are 
the people for whom it should 
be made difficult” she 
says.*Tm very happy to see 
anyone who wants to join 
Equity get in. I do see why 
they want to keep the number 
down, but what is dreadful is 
that they are keeping out so 
many really genuine talents.” 

Perhaps surprisingly for an 
actress who is best known for 
her comedy parts. Paula 
Wilcox presents herself as a 
serious and thoughtful wom- 
an. Her huge hazel eyes, 
framed by a soft fringe of 
honey-blonde hair, remain her 
most startling feature but she 
seems unconcerned by her 
physical attributes. 

What makes her concern for 
the youth in her profession all 
the more piquant is that she 
found no difficulty in getting 
in herself. While at school in 
Manchester she spent a couple 
of holidays with the National 
Youth Theatre during a period 
when it was spawning such 
Talents as Helen Mirren. 
Hywel Bennett and Diana 
Quick. Within weeks she was 
in a Granada Television pro- 
duction of a Jack Rosenthal 
play and the work — both on 
stage and in front of the 
cameras — has continued to 
flow ever since. 

But in the current climate 
Miss Wilcox says she is speak- 
ing for many in the profession 
of her age and status. Her 
views, too. were backed this 
week by the Royal Academv 

i,v .\ , 

' * 'V. ; i' 

. \ ft ' 

Paula Wilcox is 
back on the 
London stage, 
lured by The 
Beaux’ Stratagem 

of Dramatic Art's Richard 
O'Donogbue who described 
his establishment’s attitude 
towards Equity's Catch 22 
entry rules — you can'i work 
without a ticket and you can't 
gel a ticket until you’ve 
worked — as one of “anger”. 

“I know so many young 
people who have come out of 
drama school who are having 
to set up production compa- 
nies of their own and flog 
around the country doing all 
sorts of things in order to get 
an Equity ticket”. Miss 
Wilcox says. “It's very good 
experience for them perhaps, 
but it still doesn't guarantee 
them a ticket and it does seem 
an awful waste of time and 
energy and effort if at the end 
of the day they aren't going to 
be allowed to get one.” 

R eferring to drama 
students being forced 
into pub entertain- 
ment. low-grade vari- 
ety work and even stripping in 
order to get their Equity card, 
she adds: “It should be a 
hurdle to get into the theatre, 
but 1 worry at the same time 
about other people who are 
finding it terribly easy to gel a 
ticket — that ail you do is go 
and do a tour in the Middle 
East singing or something and 
hey presto, you've got one.” 

These, however, are not 
matters that concern Dorinda, 
the country wench who dis- 
covers love in The Beaux' 
Straragem and who Paula will 
be playing at the Lyric, Ham- 
mersmith. from next week. 

“Unlike me. Dorinda is 
very much rooted in the 
countryside and country pur- 
suits and not at all worried 
about London fashions and 
politics. She's of marriageable 
age but has. one fancies, never 
actually met anybody whom 
she could marry." 

Wriuen by George Far- 
quhar in 1707. The Beaux' 

Stratagem has considerable 
relevance today and is one of 
the earliest plays to argue for 
divorce, she says. “Farquhar 
provides a very strong argu- 

ment because he shows two 
people who are ill-suited right 
from the stan, who have deep- 
rooted differences of opinion, 
and should never have mar- 
ried. He also draws a picture 
of the differences between 
town and country values 
which are just as valid today. 

"We lend to live a ratified 
son of life in London chasing 
one thing after another and 
going to all the right places — 
it's a world away from what 
goeson outside. " 

When Miss Wilcox is out- 
side the capita! city she suffers 
from, if not dizziness, then 
certainly a strangely alien 
feeling. Her idea of a restful 
Saturday afternoon is not a 
stroll in the woods, but shout- 
ing her head off on the terraces 
supporting her favourite foot- 
ball team, Manchester United. 

It is now 12 years since she 
sprang to national promi- 
nence with her part in Man 
About the House and at 36 
Paula Wilcox ruefully admits 
that people still remember her 
best for that show. A recent 
repeat on Channel 4 has not 
helped her to break away from 
the stereotype created in some 
casting directors’ minds, and a 
recent attempt to create a new 
comic character for herself, as 
a woman whose husband is in 
prison in the Willis Hall series 
The Bright Side, fell on stony 
ground. There will not be a 
second series. 

“I thought it was very well 
written and I’m sorry Channel 
4 didn’t want to do any more 
because it's possible to make a 
serious point in comedy.” 

Paula Wilcox is an intensely 
private actress whose name 
does not crop up in the gossip 
columns or in the lists of first- 
night celebrities. She does not 
talk about her private life. 
Seven years ago her husband, 
the actor and director Derek 
Seaton, died from a heart 
attack while still in his thirties. 
They had been married for 10 
years. Now she happily admits 
that she has a permanent 
relationship with film director 
Steven Manans and that she is 
happier than she has been for 
a long time. 

“It’s nice”, she says with 
just a trace of irony, “to have a 
man about the house.” 

Christopher Wilson 

The Beaux ' Stratagem is at the 
Lyric. Hammersmith, London 
W6 (01-741 23111. Previews 
today and Mon at 7.45pm. 
Opens Tuesat7pm. 

TIME: Cnff Richard (above, 
with Jodie WBson) in a rock 
musical devised and 
created by Dave Clark. Larry 
Futer directs. 

Dominion, Tottenham Court 
Road. London W1 (01-580 
9562/636 8538). Previews 
today, Mon, Tugs. Opens Wed. 

Shakespeare's “lostpiay" in 
its first production in 350 

Bridge Lane Theatre, 

Bridge Lane, London SW11 
(01-228 8828). Previews 
Tues. Opens Wed. 


New production of Man 
Ayckbourn's comedy of 
mistaken identity, with Gwen 
Watford, Michael Aldridge, 
Felicity Dean. Directed by Alan - 

Greenwich Theatre (01- 
8567755). Previews today. 
Opens Mon. 


ORPHANS: Albert Finney. 

Kevin Anderson and Jess 
Fahey grace an ordinary 
American phycho-drama wfth 
cracking performances. 

Apollo <01-437 2663). From 
Wed: transfer from Hampstead 

MEDEA: Eileen Atkins makes 
an impassioned and 
compelilngly sympathetic 
wronged wife m Toby 
Robertson's stark version of 

Young Vic (01-928 6363). 

Sr* " 


Stephenson features in Comic Relief 
Benefits, a faminerelief 
fundraising show directed by Rowan 
Atkinson, with Billy Connolly, 

Lenny Henry et al. Shaftesbury (01- 
379 5399). Tonight. 11.30pm; 
tomorrow, 7.30pm. 



Kirkland, former principal artist with 
the American Ballet Theatre, 
dances Juliet in a 2lst anniversary 
production of Prokofiev’s Romeo 
and Juliet lor the Royal Ballet. Royal 
Opera House (01-240 1 066). From 
Friday, in repertory. 

David Mamet’s hard-edged, 
acerbic vision of dupRcnbus 

Syngjhony Orchestra in 
Dvorak's Symphony No7. 
Barbican Centre, SHk 
Street London EC2 (01-628 
8795). Today, 7.45pm. 


Enrique Perez da Guzman is at 
the piano for 
Rachmaninov's Paganini 
Rhapsody and Yosnimi 
Takeda conducts the London 
Philharmonic Orchestra in 
Berlioz's Carnival Romain 

Barbican. Tomorrow, 


Handley conducts the National 
Youth Orchestra in a fine 
programme - Bax's Garden of 
Fond, Rachmaninov's 

Symphonic Dances and 
Vaughan Williams’s 
abrasive Syphony No 4. 
Barbican. Mon, 7.45pm. 

DIVINE POEM: Riccardo 
Mutl conducts the 
Philharmorua Orchestra in 
Scriabin's rarely-heard 
Symphony No 3 “Divine 
Poem" and Itzhak Perlman 
solos in Tchaikovsky's 
Violin Concerto. 

Royal Festival HaU, South 
Bank, London SE1 (01-928 
3191). Tues. 7.30pm. 

Dorati's 80th birthday concert' 
Is another all-Beethoven 
programme in which he 
conducts the Royal 
Philharmonic Orchestra. 
Brighton Festival Chorus 
and soloists in Symphony No9 ~ 
after Radu Lupunas been 
heard in Piano Concerto No 2. 
Royal Festival Hall. Wed, 




British premiere of US rock 
musical about four 
housewives who start a career 
in rock music. Diane 
Langton, Belinda Lang, Mary 
Maddox, Louise Gold- 
Lyric Studio, Hammersmith 
(01-741 2311). Previews Fri, 

Agr 12, 14, 15. Opens Apr . • 

version of a show seen in 
1980. Mel Smith, Bob 
Goody, Paul Bown and PhHp 

Hampstead Theatre (01- 
722 9301). Previews Thurs, Fri, 
Apr 12, 14. Opens Apr 15. 


•„t *' . ,4*#/ 

and play. 

MermaW (01-238 5566). 



Your Gun: Pop singer Suzi 

Quatro, with Edmund 
Hockridge, Eric Flynn, Berwick 
Kaier. directed by David 

Festival Theatre (0243 
781312). Previews from Fit 
Opens Apr 16. 

Romeo and JuBet Michael 
Bogdanov directs Seal 
Bean and Niamh Cusack. 

Toes; Wed, Thurs, Fn. In 

Right Premiere production 
of David Lan's comedy about a 
family of Socialist Jews 
from Eastern Europe who 
emigrate to Rhodesia. 

The Other Place (0789 
295623}. Today: press night 
Mon; Tues and Wed. in 


THEATRE: Opening an 
American dance season at 
beleaguered Sadler’s Walls 
Theatre, four couples led by 
Pierre Dulaine and Yvonne - 
Marceau aim to evoke the 
romance of the Astaire/Rogers 

Sadler’s WeHs (01-278 - 
891 6) Thurs- April 19except . 
Sun; matinee April 12onty. 

and JuBet Is the week's 
highlight (Fri). On Mon 
David Bintiey’s Sons of Horns 
led by Deklre Eyden on a 
bifl with Ashton s Birthday 
Offering and A Month in the 

Covent Garden (01-240 

Gnatt’s excellent production of 
/Vapoff has two 
performan ces at Glasgow 

Aberdeen (?U8S-April 12). 

(041 331 1^.^^^sty’s, 
Aberdeen (0224638080). 

BALLET: The popular CoppeHa 
goes to Eastbourne for one 
week, Tues- April 12, matin6es 
Wed and Sat 
Congress Theatre, 

Eastbourne (0323 36363). 


THE LAND: The British 
landscape celebrated in black 
and white by Fay Godwin; 
haunting, magnificent and 
almost always devoid of 



After David Lean's A Passage 
to India, the Merchant-Ivory 
team present an earfier 

E.M. Forster noveL James 
Ivory directs Maggie Smith, 
Denholm Elliott and a choice 
supporting cast in a comic 
portrait of the English heart 
and mind. 

Curzon Mayfair (01-499 3737). 
From Fri. 

essay in male chauvinist tfuc 
ICA Cinema (01-930 3647), 
Cannon Tottenham Court 
Road (01-636 6148). From 

Excellent horror thriSar from 

came across as a synthesis 
of Barbra Streisand and Donna 
Summer, seams to have 
bought her a secure niche in 
the gallery of one-hit 

To mor row. Brighton Centre 
(0273 202861): Mon, Bristol 
Hippodrome (0272 25524); 

Fri, Royal Albert Hall, 
Kensington Gore, London 
SW7 (01-589 8212). 


Whatever its real artistic 
achievements, Courtney 
Pine's 21 -piece band of young 
Mack British muswiara is 
doing the Jazz scene a favour 
by attracting an autflence of 
enthusiastic first-time buyers. 
Tomo r ro w , Shaw Theatre. 

100 Euston Road, London 
NW1 (01-388 1394). 



by lecturer Jon Thompson and 

For ttie first time the show 

includes European artists to 

put our geniuses into 
perspective. f 

Hayward Gaflery. South. Baltic, 
London SE1 (01-9283144). 

From Wed. 

writer-director Tom 
Holland, With Amanda Bearse 
(above) and Chris Sarandon 
as the affable vampire. 
Warner West End (01-439 
0791 X Cannon Oxford Street 

0791), Cannon Oxford Street 
(01-8380310). From Fti. 


(15): A film with the fidgets: 
vfsual japes pteup and the 
plot, once r&mpsed, (s trite. 
But Julian Temple's musical 
fantasy bursts with energy; 
Leicester Square Theatre (01- 
930 5252), Odeon Marble 
Arch (01-723 2011). 

NO SURRENDER (15): Alan 
Bleasdale’s abrasive farce set 
on New Year’s Eve in a seedy 
Liverpool club, with warring 
retatous factions, geriatrics 
and hoodlums. 

Odeon Haymarket (01-930 

"Today and Yesterday", works 
by entinem past members of 
the Royal Society of Painters in 
Warer-coJotrs such as Turner 
of Oxford, De Watt and J S 
Sargent, as wed as current 
members PhyHisGtoger and 
Malcolm Fry. 

Sutton Place, near Guildford, 
Surrey (0483 504455). From 


artists, two generations, in this 
show of contemporary Spanish 
art Eduardo Arroyo and 
Miguel Barceto represent the 
1950s and '60s, Antonio Saura 
and Jose Maria Sicilia the stars 
of today. 

Museum of Modem Art, 30 1 

Pemb roke Street, Oxford (0865 
722733). From tomorrow. 


both monumental and minute 
by the Victorian genius who 
made "Eros". 


Metropols Arts Centre, The 
Leas, Fotkstone, Kent 


Edward Muybridge was the 
Vtctortanwbcse study xrf 
animals and human locomotion 
helped cinema develop. . 

ThePhotogaDery, The 
Foresters Arms. Shepherd 
Street, St Leonands-on- 
Sea, East Sussex 
(0424 440140). 

Photographs and posters 
which commemorate the 
outbreak of the Spanish Civil 

Amolfim', Narrow Quay, 

Bristol (0272 299191). 


Surburban electro-poppers 
foflow Gary Numan in the 
footsteps of Kraftwerk. 
Tonight Scottish Exhibition 
Centre, Glasgow (041 248 
3000): Mon, WhWey Bay Ice 
Rink (091252 6240); - 

Wed/Tburs, NEC. 

Birmingham (021 7804133). 


lyrical fiddle from Django 
Reinhardt's ageless 

Tonight 100 Club, 100 
Oxford Street London W1 (01- 


After three, welt received 
singles and a hit album, ' 
Roland Gift's distinctive voice 
may be in danger of losing 
its novelty value. 

Tomorrow, Gokflggers, 
Chippenham (0249 66444); . 
Mon. Rock City, 

Nottingham (0602 472544); 
Tues, Ritz, Manchester 
(061 236 4359): Wed, Tiffany's, 
Newcastle (0632 612526); 

Fri, Barrowlands Ballroom, 
Glasgow (041 221 0103). 

Power of Love”, in which she 




Booking opens this week for 
programme of opera, - 
concerts, theatre, exhibitions, 
films, jazz, children's and 
fringe events. July 19- Aug 10. 
Buxton Festival, 1 Crescent 
Views, Hell Bank, Buxton, 
Derbyshire (0298 

opens this week for musical 
wfth Paul Nicholas, opening 
on June 19. 

Victoria Palace, Victoria 
Street London SW1 (01-834 


Booking opens this week tor 

May concerts. 

Hate Booking Office. 30 
Cross Street Manchester 2 
(061 834 1712)7 

World premiere of Harrison 
BJrtwhistle's new opera.' 

opens at London Coliseum on 
May 21. Also booking for 
British premiere of Busoni's 
GoctorFausf (opening April 

25), and revivals of Die 

Ffedermaus. Mary Stuart 

and Husaika . . . . 

English National Opera, ' 
London CoGseum. St Martin’s 
Lane, London WC2 (01-836 


Last performances today of 
National Theatre production 
at 2.15 and 7.45pm. 

Lyttfeton Theatre, South 
Bank, London SE1 (01-928 

performance this season by 
Royal Opera. Tonight at 
7.30pm. Also ArabeBa, 

Tues and Thurs at 7pm. 

Royal Opera House, Covent 
Garden, London WC2 (01-240 

coloured lithographs 
demonstrating Hockney's 
latest enthusiasms. 

Tate Gallery, MiHbank, London 
SW1 (01-821 1313). 


ROYAL OPERA: This is the 
week of the London 
international Opera 
Festival. This afternoon, free 
performances ki Covent 
Garden piazza:' 'Qperaction” 
presents a spoof Snow 
White at 2pm, followed at 
3.30pm by singers from the 
London Savoyards in a Gilbert 
and Sullivan selection. At 
7.30pm, a further performance 
olCks fiiegende Hollander. 

, On Tues at 7pm a regular 
pe r form an ce of Arabella : 
Covent Garden, London 
WC2 (01-240 1086). 

OPERA: Smetana’s folk opera. 
The Bartered Bride, returns 
this week in Elijah Moshinsky’s 
colourful song-and-dartce 
production. Performances on 
Thurs and April 12 at 
7.30pm. Three performances 

of The Merry Widow 
tonight, Tues and Wed at 
7.30pm, and one of 
Joachim Harz's new Pgrsifai 
on Fri at 5pm. 

CoBseum. St Martin's Lane, 
London WC2 (01-836 3161). 

KENT OPERA: At Plymouth 
this week with three 
performances of Jonathan 
Miner’s revived La Traviata 
(Tues and April 12. with a 
Prom performance on Wecfc 
On Thurs and Fri, their new 
production of The Coronation 
ofPoppea. AS 

performances start at 7.30pm. 
Theatre Royal. Plymouth 
(0752 668595). 

• For ticket availability, 
performance and opening 
. times, telephone the 
numbers Hated- Concerts: 
Max Harrison; Theatre: 
Tony Patrick and Martin 
Cropper; Dance: John 
Perdral; Photography: 
Michael Yoons Films: * 
Geoff Brown; Rock & 

Jazz: Richard Wflliams; 
Galleries: Sarah Jane 
Checkland; Opera: | 

HOary Finch; Bookings: 1 
Anne Whitehonse 

Vji, ^ I 

Ti hih 2 J .oVC 

*&jk 1 4^ 1 y 

„ i: ,,- w, -.... ,. -V : --... ^ 

-■J-G-l ■-"•nj'«^- > \.jT^, f T^;-r.-_ t,.. .‘: • -.- '. . . - :-r.- - .-. ‘ - . -. . 





>*: COURT 


■ . •* • "'V:* 

■■ - ■. ■'-> -w 

■ . v 

- v : ■'» 


or secs: 


c**? a‘ E*ce®tency the 
Saudi Arabian Ambassador and 
Madame AUnaMow; His Ex- 
cellency the High 

swoer for the Republic of. 
lamina and MrsZuze, the 
Secretory of State for "Northern 
Ireland and Mis King. Sir Dsviti 


Sir Geoffrey and Lady Allen. 
Miss Elizabeth Cbesmon and 
Mr and Mn Chratoper Mo-* 
Mahon have left The 
By command of The Quest 
toe yiscoum Davidson (Lord in 
waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London, this 
alter noon upon tie departure of 
Princess Almandre, the Hon 
Mrs Angus Ogifvy and the Hon 
Angus Ogflvy for Hong Kong 

and bade fitrewefl to Her Royal 
Highness and Mr OgBvy an 

April 4: The Prince of Wales. 
Duke of Cornwall, continued 
the visit to the Isles of Sdlly 

His Royal Highness later left 
St Mawgan ra an air cr a ft of The 
Queen's Right. - - — 

The Princess of Wales. Pa- 
tron, London City Ballet, this 
■ morning attended a rehearsal at 
Festival Ballet House; Jay 
Mews, SW7. 

Miss Anne BeckwHb-Smrth 
was in attendance. - 

April 4: The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon this after- 
noon visited Bromsgrove and 
opened the refurbished Offices 

sf the Bromsgrove District 
_ Conned. 

Her Royal H«bn«s was m- 
cetved on ' arrml at Btr- 
: nungham Airport by Her 
Maimiy's Lord Uetnezunr for 
Hereford _and Worcester fCap- 
tam Thomas D unne) . 

_The Princess Margaret.' 
Coumes of Snowdon, who 

- ^veiled m an aircraft of The 
Queen's Fli*ht,was attended by 
Mrs Elizabeth; Hair. ' 

April 4: Princess Alexandra and 

- thcHoo AngusQgSvy. attended 
by Udy Mary Roaian-Howaid. 
*ft Heathrow Airport, - London 
this evening , to visit Thailand 
and subsequently Hong Kong 
where, as Honorary Com- 
mandant General Her Royal 
Highness win carry out enga 
meats with the Royal He 
Kong Pofaee Force. 

^Upon arrival at tbe Airport, 
j*rincess Alexandra and Mr 
Osuvy were received by IBs 
Excellency Dr Owart Sutinwart- 
Naniepnt (Ambassador ofTbai- 
HndX Mr Caivyn Haye (Hong 
Kong Commissioner). Set Ed- 
win Amwsmith (Special Repre- 
sentative of the Se c ret a r y of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs), Mr Howard 
Phelps (Director of Operations, 
British Airways) and- Mr John 
-Reid (Deputy director, British 
Airports Authority, Heathrow). 

Prince Michael of Kent will 
attend -the unveiling of the 
memorial to the Duke of Beau- 
fort in Gloucester Cathedral .on 
April 14, ' 

Lord Frederick Windsor, son of 
Prince arid Princess Michael erf 
Kent, is seven tomorrow. 

Forthcoming marriages 

MrAP. Brookes 
and Miss CJPJVL Cross 
The engagement is announced 
betw ee n Andrew, only son of Mr 
and Mrs GJ». Brookes, of 
tandholme. Worksop, and 
Caroline, younger daughter of 
the Right Rev Stewart and Mrs 
Cross, of Bishop’s House, 

Mr ELAJ. BoUsrewsU 
-and Miss UVL Rowley ... 

The engagement is announced 
between Eduard, son _bf Mr and 
Mis W. Baliszewski, of Swin- 
don, Wiltshire, and isla, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs F-ixJ. 
Rowley, of Haytor, Devon. 
MajorT-P-E. Barclay 
and Miss LA. Whitehead 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward Barclay, The 
Blues and Royals, eldest son of 
Captain C.G.E. Barclay and the 
late Mrs LM. Barclay, of Brent 
Pelham Hall, Hertfordshire, and 
Elizabeth, daughier of Mr- and 
Mis P.G.T.- -Whitehead, of. 
Easier Essenside, Selkirkshire. 
Mr PJVL Burefli :••• 
and Miss- C ; Vothner de 
Marcellas ' 

The--enga g e me nt is announced 
between Pedro Ma ri OrSoo of Mg 
and Mis Miguel Angd Burelfi,' 
of Caracas. Venezuela, and 
Cristina, daughter of Dr and 
Mrs Alberto Vollmer, of 

and MissPJVL Morgan 
The engagement is announced 
between Ewen Angus, youngest 
son of the late Lieuienant- 
Coionel A. A. Cameron and Mrs 
A.L Cameron, of Ascot, Berk- 
shire, and Patricia Mary, youn- 
gest daughter of Mr J.D. 
Morgan, of Brackley, North- 
amptonshire. and Mrs E.W. 
Maslen Jones,- hfJ-Lili,. 

MrS.G.Cbipha ig 
and Mbs SJMJL, Skrine i-- 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen Geoffrey, el- 
dest son of Colonel and Mis 
Derek Ctapham, of Blue House 
Farm, Maztingley. B a riflg s tofc e. 
Hampshire, and Susan’ Nesta 
Rosemary, only daughter of the 
late Commander Charles 
Skrine, RN, and of Mis Charles 
Skrine, of BaHyrankin House. 
Bunclody, Co WexfonLlrdand. 
Mr CSXL Cooke . 
and Miss LR. Lawson ... 

The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, younger 
son of the late Mr CJ. Cooke 
and Of Mrs Cooke, of Wantage. 
Oxfordshire, and Leonie, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Mau- 
rice Lawson, of Hampstead, 
London. . 

Mr CJ. GoJdjngham 
and Miss AJE. Teesdale 
the engagement is announced 
between Charles John; elder son 
of Major, and Mrs Antony 
Goldingfaam, of Angeston 
Grange, Uley. Gloucestershire, 
and Anne Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
Teesdale, of Whitminster 
House, Gloucestershire. 

Mr JA Davison 
ami Miss Cg. Werner 
The engagement is announced 
between James, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs JA. Davison, of Ash, 
near Canterbury, and Catherine, 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
.Mrs J.P.H. Werner, of 
TrotrisdiffiC Kent. . 

Mr JJVf. Gfll 

and Mbs FJ&Udstonr . 

The -engagement is announced 
between John, son of the late Mr 
HA.C GiD and Mr M.E. Gill, 
of BucUand, Surrey, and Fiona, 
daughter of Mr D.G. lidstone 
- and the iate Mrs J. Udstqne, of 

Bur nham tt i u-Ir,ngfmm<hiia « 

Mr SJLHjan 

and Mbs MA. OXe»ry . 

The engagemem is announced 
between Stephen Keith, son of 
Mr and Mrs' KA. Hyam, of 
Stoke Bishop, Bristol, anrf M5- 
; chfiie Ann, dder daughter of Mr 
and Mis E.M. O’Leary, of 
Whitchurch, Godift 
-Mr AJ-Hynard . - 
and Mbs DX. Rosa ... 

■ The ^ngagernent is announced 
r between Andrew JQsmes, youn- 
ger 'son of Mr and Mb Ralph 
Hymid, jof Wincbebea, East 
-Sussex., and Deborah - Luisa, 
daughtef VoT -Mr and" Mis 
Horacio Rosa,. Of Rm de Ja- 
neiro, BraziL . ..' * ’ 

Dr DMJMfl tt te flau y 
and Mbs AJL (fray . 

The engagement b announced 
between Donald, son of Mr and 
Mrs David C Montgomery, of 
SauchirC ABoa, and Angela, 
dau^iter of Dr and Mrs John M. 
Gray, of Hali&x, Nova Scotia, 


Mr T.G. Platt . 
and Mbs YX. Pack ■' 

The e nga g nua it is anudmiced 
between Thomas, only son of 
: Mr and Mrs Martin Hats, of 
Sbome, Koit, and VvqmK. only 
daughter of Mis Joan Pick and 
-the late Mr Norman Pack, of 
Richmond, Surrey. . 

Mr RJ. Taylor 
. and Mbs JLC. Baker . 

-. The engagement is announced 
between Rupert Justin; am of 
.Mr Jonathan A. Taylor, of 
Rumer Hall, Stratford on Avon, 
and Mrs B.G. Stroud,- of 
Shirkoak Farm. Wood church, 
Kent, and Helen Charione, 
elder dauriiter of Mr and Mis 
David OF. Baker, of Martin, 

Fordingbridge, Hampshire. 

MrP.MJP. Thomas 
and MbsTJML Ffaber 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, son ofMrPJ.P. 
Thomas, of Roston," Derbyshire, 
and the late Mrs T.N. Geesin, 
and Tina, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs G. Fbher, of Aldridge. 


Mr R.WJ. Vincent - 
and Miss SJL Jay 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of Mr and 
Mrs W.G. Vincent, of Knowle 
St Giles, Somerset, and. Rosa- 
lind (RosieX younger daughter 
of IJeatenant Cornmanaa- and 
Mrs R-L- Jay, of Bfoadwindsor. 

The Bible as a record of faith 

The bishops of the Church of 
England wiB sbeatiy pro- 
nounce oa the views expressed 
by iJk: Bishop of Durham. At 
sake is the relation between 
faith and history. The Jenkins 
controversy Ins, however, 
been carried on entirely with- 
out reference to Hebrew scrip- 
tures. Yd if Paul and the 
Evangelists' methodology is to 
be property erasped, it is to the 
Jewish Bible that we must 

Frequent attempts have 
been made to substantiate the 
historicity of the Hebrew nar- 
ratives through appeal to ar- 
chaeology. This has been 
achieved only by harmonizing 
in an^ utterly unscientific man- 
ner biblical material with 
isolated documents and other 
evidence tom all over the 
ancient Near East, either total- 
ly unrelated in tune and place 
or of stub general application 
as to make the exercise 
m eaning l ess 

Rather than attempting to 
establish the historical reli- 
ability of the accounts them- 
selves, "we must recognize 
Hebrew narrative as an ex- 
pression of foith at concrete 
points in tinre 

The scholar** task is to 
isolate tire moment at wbddi 
(he stories were set down as 
connected narrative and then 
identify the theological pur- 
pose of the author who select- 
ed those particular traditions 
from ochas available to him. 

For instance., while tire par 
triarchal narratives may have 
first taken shape as “histoiy” 
to support the new 
Daridk/Sok>mQnic state, in 
their present form they act as 
encouragement to the exiles in 

Babylon some 400 years later. 
As God brought Abraham 
from a distant eastern land 
identified as Babylon, so he 
can bring back the exiles to 
repossess their land. 

Hie Hebrew authors thus 
saw all scripture as the proper- 
ty of the community of faith 
and knew it must be reinter- 
preted for each generation in 
order that the fahh might be 
made reaL Their concern was 
not primarily to preserve the 
iruih as it must have been for 
those who first penned the 
sacred texts: raiher, they 
aimed to proclaim toe truth 
for their own generation. 

Traditions of the past were 
interpreted as promise ful- 
filled m the present, and the 
contemporary re-expression 
of faith acted as hope for the 
future. Scripture was thus a 
living dialogue between the 
community of faith and the 
God whom they experienced 
and to whom they sought to 
witness in their own situation. 
New experiences continued to 
invite new expressions of 

Thai can be dearly seen in 
toe Prophets and in toe Psal- 
ter. The bulk of Amos's ora- 
cles were delivered to tire 
northern kingdom of Israel 
before hs destruction by tire 
Assyrians in 721 BC They 
were then reinterpreted to 
apply to southern Judah 
(Amos 2:4-5). 

When more than a century 
later she too suffered defeat at 
the hands of the Babylonians, 
the prophecy was again rein- 
terpreted to act as a sign of 
hope that God would deliver 
his people from exile and 

restore toe Davidic monarchy 
(Amos 9:11-15). The 
fulfillment of the prophecy of 
God’s judgement on his peo- 
ple becomes a sign of faithful- 
ness for the future. 

Similar reinterpretation is 
found in the royal psalms 
(2,72.89,132) in the Psalter 
and New Testament Al- 
though once attached to a 
particular historical situation 

- the new Davidic monarchy 

— they were preserved and 
included in the Psalter for 
quite different reasons. There 
they a ci as witnesses to Messi- 
anic expectations. 

In the desperate circum- 
stances of the late BC period 
in which the Psalter was 
formed, the faithful saw the 
only hope for toe future in 
divine intervention which 
would establish God's king- 
dom through his annotated 
one For toe New Testament 
writers, those royal psalms 
become proof texts that in 
Jesus Messiah bad indeed 
come, that his kingdom was 
already breaking in. 

The Bi Me then acts as a 
continuous record of faith 
lived out m history. The faith 
is from time to time tested by 
events which lead to thai faith 
being reassessed — the new 
Davidic state, the exile, toe 
Christ event 

While faith cannot be di- 
vorced from history, both 
evolving within it and being 
formed by it the historicity of 
the traditions nonetheless re- 
mains theologically irrelevant 
It is in the words which ihe 
community of faith used to 
express their faith that 
relevation is to be found. 

So the flood is not to be 

distinguished from the exo- 
dus. While toe latter ma> 
actually have been experi- 
enced by some of the ancestors 
of the community of faith, this 
is immaterial, for both tradi- 
tions become pari of the 
expression of that faith and 
serve Israel’s future hopes. 

The claim of the Bible to be 
the word of God does not rest 
on establishing toe hisioriciiv 
of its contents, but rather on 
Ihe appropriation of the reali- 
ty of the experience of God 
offered there. 

Whether the child Jesus was 
ever bora in Bethlehem is 
theologically unimportant: 
what is important is ihe 
author's belief that his birth 
fulfilled Messianic prophecy 
set out in Hebrew scriptures. 
Thai explains the different 
ways in which Matthew and 
Luke deal with the traddition 
that historically Jesus was 
associated with Nazareth. 

Whether the resurrected 
Christ ever walked to 

Emmaeus is theologically un- 
important: what is important 
is the author's belief that in 
toe breaking of bread the 
community of faith may know 
the reality of that presence. 

A methodology which at- 
tempts to prove the historical 
reliability of narratives which 
were never intended to be read 
as history is bound to miss the 
point Worse still, it makes 
faith impossible for some who 
might otherwise embrace iL 



Chaplain, Si John’s 
College. Cambridge 


aad Miss LJ-M. Birtwistle 
The marriage took place yes- 
terday at the Church of the 
Immaculate Conception, Farm 
Street, of Mr Malcolm Rdd. 
youngest son of Dr and Mrs 
Kenneth Reid, of Rest Harrow, 
Gooden. > Sussex, and Miss 
Lunctnda Birtwistle, younger 
daughter of Mrand the Hon Mrs 
Anthony Birtwistle, of Hatch 
Hill House, Hindbead, Surrey, 
father Charles Boreffi. Father 
Hank P, McHugh and Father 
Michael O'Brien, SJ, officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Maximilian Fane. 
Sophie Stuart and Emily Sand- 
ys. Mr Graham Reid was best 

A reception was held at the 
Htuiingham Gub and the 
honeymoon will be . spent 

Mr F. Hawkings 
and Mrs ML Larthe 

The marriage took, {dace on 
Friday. April 4, in Winchester, 
ofMrFraiKds Hawkings, .son of 
Sir- Geoffrey and Lady 
Hawkings. .-ana .Mis Marilyn 
Larthe, daughter of Mr and Mis 
Daniel Smith-. . , 


TODAY: Vice-Admiral Sir Neff 
Anderson, 59; Miss Bene Davis. 
78; Baroness Delacourt-Smith 
of Alteryn, 70; Mr J.K. Dick, 73; 
Miss Verona Eld er , 32; Dr John 
Gilbert. MP, 59; Mr Gontran 
Goulden, 74; Mr Arthur Hailey. 
66; Mr Nigel Hawthorne, 57; Sir 
Douglas Henley, 67; Rear-Ad- 
miral Sir Edmund Irving. 76; 
Professor D. Lyden-BeU, 51; 
Professor P.G. Moore, 58; Dr 

Cecil Northcott. 84; Mr Stanley 

Omte, MP, 63; Mr Gregory 
Peck. 70; Miss Jennifer Penney. 
40; Mr WJL Hornby Steer, 87; 
Mr Herbert von Karajan. 78; 
Vice-Admiral Sir Dymock Wto- 
son; 8 7 - , ■' 

TOMORROW: Miss-Joan Car- 
lyle. 55; Mr Bernard Carter, 66; 
Admiral Sir Desmond Dreyer. 
76; Mr Julian Faber. 69; Mr 
Willis Hall 57; Dr David In- 
gram, 59; Mr Justice Knox, 61; 
Sir Philip Moore, 65; Lord 
Newton, 71; the Duke of 
Northumberland, 72; the Rev 
Ian Paisley, MP, 60; Miss 
Felicity Palmer, 42; Mr Andre 
Previn, 57; Lord Winterbottom, 
73; the Most Rev Dr Frank 
Woods. 79. 

Canford School 

Canford School announces the 
following awards: 

Major jdtotartOfes: PfO Newawn 
tPMTott Hill, crewkfrne). TJ 
Cruewey P»naUt£n. a nd 

Minor ' « dwjMi» ii« A Stawer 
(Dumpton . ScttoaL WtTOMrnr). GE 
unA tCakneott School, Fambaxn 


Farmers* and Fletchers* 

The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, and Mr Sheriff and 
Mis Christopher CoQett were 
guests of the Master of the 
Farmers' Company, Mr Derek 
Pearce, and the Master of the 
Fletchers’ Company, Mr David 
Eldridge. at a reception held at 
Butchers’ HaR yesterday after 
toe laying of the foundation 
stone by the Lord Mayor of the 
companies* new livery ball al 3 
doth Street, EC1. 


National CUMraft Home 
The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by the 
Sheriffs end their ladies, were 
present at a dinner at the 
Mansion House last night given 
by' the National Children’s 
Home in aid of its “children in 
danger” campaign. The Rev Dr 
Gordon E. Barritt, principal, 
and Viscount Tonypandy, 
chairman, were the boas and 
the guest speaker was Mr Jeffrey 
Archer, deputy A«tnnm of the 
Conservative Party. The other 
guests indude±' 

Vtarount Mid Viscount MnekMoati of 
KHHw, Vttraont and Vtacounim 
Macmillan o t ovmden. Mr Tony 
Baldry. MP. and Mrs Baldly. Mr and 
Mrs John Broome. Mbs Nwys 
Hughe. Mr and Mr* PMlio BcraMord 
Adams. Mr Pamck Turley. Mr and 
Mrs John Young and Mr and Mrs 
Peter Garvin. 

OUGrorian Association 
The annual dinner of the Lan- 
cashire and Cheshire branch of 
the Old Grovian Association 
was held last night at the Mitre 
Hotel. Manchester. Miss Susan 
Learoyd, branch chairman, was 
in ihe chair »nrf the other 
speakers were Mr JA BrodweO, 
a Governor of Woodhoose 
Grove School, and Mr A-E. 

Service dinner 

52k! Lowland Volunteers 
A dinner was held last night at 
Redford Cavalry Barracks. 
Edinburgh, to commemorate 
toe fifteenth anniversary of the 
founding of the 2nd Battalion. 
52nd Lowland Volunteers. 
Lieutenant-Colonel C.G.O. 
Hogg, Commanding Officer, 
was u the chair and the guests 
included Major-General Sir 
John Swirnon, Honorary Colo- 
aeL Colonel H. Rose; and M^jor 
D. Wood. 


Mr ftter Harris, bead of the 
Civil Coorts Division, to be 
circuit administrator of the 
Northern Circuit, with the rank 
of under-secretary, from June 9, 
in succession to Mr Raymond 

Licntenant-Conimandra Timo- 
thy Laurence, aged 31. assistant 
navigating officer on Britannia 
in 1979 and now principal 
warfare officer (underwater) on 
the frigate Alacrity, to be an 
equerry to the Queen in succes- 
sion to Msyor Hugh Lindsay. 

Memorial services 

Mis J. Goble 

A thanksgiving service for the 
life of Mis James Goble was 
held at St Bartholomew's 
Church. Bayton. on Thursday, 
March 27. 1986. The Rev R. 
Bite officiated. Those present 

Mr James GoMe ntusband). Captain 
TimoCv Coble and Mr Joruinan 

GotXr isonsX Str Julian and Uuty Lea 

ftrotner ana sMer-uwawj. Miss Rose- 

mary LM (stater l. Mr and Mrs Michael 
Kenyan- Staney and Mr and Mrs 
Andrew Maisden- sraedlev (brotDets- 
bWaw and aHteTM. Diana Lady Lea 
mtsmoOMD. Mr and Mrs Robert Lea. 
Mr CynJ Egmon. Mrs John Lea. Mr 
Robert Marwen-Sneoiey. Mr William 

Mr B PelL Str David Hughes. MISS E 
Lea. Miss M Lea. Mrs A Cbtrie. M» P 
Coble. Mr r Eoerton. Mr A T Shaw. 
Mr and Mis T Shaw 
Mrs P Anderson- Mr and Mrs E 

Belcher. Mrs P Bumand. Mr and Mrs 

□ Bumeu-Stuart. Mrs B Butts. Mrs S 
Burrows. Mrs D Coley. General Str 
George and Lady Cooper. Lord and 
Lady Cornwall ts. Mrs M Crace. Mr D 
Curtins. Mr H Dickson. Mis W 
Dudgeon. Mr and Mrs C Fanner. Mr 

and Mrs J Fetlden. Mr and Mrs T 

Genu. Mr R Humphries. Mbs P 
Jenkins. Mrs v Jenkins. Mrs H 
KuMlu. MBs □ Lambden. Mr and Mis 
G Ervaefc. mbs C usack. Mr J 
Maclean. Mr and Mn T Miles. Mrs M 
Mole. Mrs M MoOershead. Mrs N 

Nufoeam. Mr and Mrs R Pointer. Mr J 

Raney. Mlw N Pease. Mr R Pease. 
MnA RastaH. Mn F Ritchie, Mr R 
RttcMe. Mrs M Shone. MBs F Shone. 

Mr P Shane. Mrs Strods. Mr and Mrs 

R TagerL Mrs J Thompson. Mrs G 
Ward. Mr W weaver. ACT and Mrs C 

Vjscount Kuntsford 
A memorial service for Vis- 
count Knulsford was held yes- 
terday at St John the Baptist. 
Aldeuham. Canon G.R.S. 
Rjtson officiated. Viscount 
Knulsford and Lord Say and 
Sele read the lessons. The Rev 
P-B- Davies gave an address. 

Services for 
First Sunday 
after Easter 

9 JO M. n Sunff Eucft. Br rad 3 
heaven (WBb). Canon A M ADcMn. 
vm-ouaiK 315 e. nrnmm a uw. 
urn Regale (Wood), lm Ow 
p raHe m e? (MHVaift flJO EB. 

a. a. 43 HCS 10.10 

Sung Euch. Maaa for her idcu 
(Byrd). Ave venun (Byrd). Rav Jen 
EDety: 11.30 M. Ollad IBrndMrtl 
E. ftah gtaddentng nght (Wood). Ihe 

ST*P. fiSjL-S GATMEDRAL; ft 11* 
HC. CMMim ReoaleCHoweM. We 
waa (or thy lovtne londneee O Ood 


Dies (Byrd). R1 RrvEOI 
3 E. Cesar's Service Mg 


Paul Fuhfr 3 i Cohegture Arade 

9. 12. eSqTU* lOJO KM. Maas 
for Three Votcn ( Bvr^ ). Haec dies 
(Motnni). O sacrum convtvtora 
(VtcKwta): 3.30 Vesper*. MagmflceC 
ocwl torrt eSurtano). Onbn rageta 
adoremus (casnu 



Children's Service.- 1 1 HC- Rev 03. 

SS^oSuRCHfcheiM*: 8 HC: 11 

TtSSty. P P M ttnart 
Rea* 8-50 HC 11 DM. The BttBop 
of rulhem. 

HOLY TRINITY. Bfceil 8L3g 

12.10 HCS 10l30 


SW3: 8. 1215 HC: 1 1 M. Rev 
Timothy Bnamw; 6JO E- Preb- 

r end S?EP»^^Sf Gloiicerter Road: B. 

lm: 1 1 hm. misu Pascnaiie 
oiangue covum (Ussni, Rev Robert 

Brrrwne: 6 Solemn Evensong and 

Benedimo. PreU Herbert Moore. 

ST VEDAST. Foster Lane. EC2: IX 

th? Annunciation. Brvansion 
Street, wi: 1 1 HM. Mhaa O auaro 
gtonoeum rvidotlar. Pegina CaeU 
(Soriano): 6 LM and Benediction. 

HC ILlIMPMifl^. Responses 
(John Ruder). To Drum Laudhmus 
(Macpherson ta EL JuMiate Deo 

§rSSrofTD^IES (RAF Church): 
83012.18 HC 11 Arsuveraary 


ttft up my eyes (Walkerj. Rev John 
BKase. 3JO E. ChrtsT 
iShepberd). Jubilate 

sung Euch. Rev Sam Van CuUn. 

rtsino again Hal 
m Chorals ST 


— r BRIDES. Fleri Stre eT: 8 30 C 11 

M and Euch. JubUale iTrrtand ta Ft. 
Gloria (Stanford in Cl Carton John 
Sales: 6-30 E. I know tnal ray 
Redeemer Wvelh (HondeO. Rev Wal- 
lace Boulton. _ _ 

CUTHBERTZS. PjiBheach. Ca rdera. 
SWS; io HC. 11 Sum E uch. Juhtt ae 
Deo (I asml. R ra- w 3 tartcpetnck: 6 
E and B. 

ST GEORGE'S. Hanover Square; BJ(j 
HC; II Sung Euch. In th e vot e e_el 

prise and thanksolvlno (Haadeu me 


ST JAMES'S, PtcradfltY. 8 JO HC II 
Sung EucK 6 Evening Prayer. 

ST JOHN'S. Hyde PanCrdw rt IO 
C. Mr Johnwrawi: 6E. Brv Roma 
King. 6-30 ES. Rev Robert Caltaph». 
ST LLTCFS. Chelsea: a. lZl&HC 
lOJSO Sung Euch. O (INI « ruae 
(Sumam in/DL Re v OB watae; 6-30 
el this loyfui EaswrtMe (Wood), nn 
D R Waisaa. 

ST MARGARET'S. Westralmter II 
Sung Euch. Ret John SchofleW. _ 
12 JO. 7.30 HC: OA6 C. me vicar: 
1140 MS The Vlcart 2.46 AUwae 
Service: 4.15 E; 6.30 ES. Rev Charles 

ST MARY ABBOTS. Kensington: S. 
1230 HC VJO Sung Euch. SMer 
Cetd: 11- IS m. Sister Card: 6.30 E. 
Rev S H H Actand 
ST MARY'S. Borne Sheet. SWl: 9. 
9*6. 7 LM: it KM. mm Sanctorum 
menus (Palestrina). O sera and 
daughters (WaMord Davies). ChrWui 
resurgew s <1 M e us). FT, T B ughy; 6.16 
E 8aq SaAcnin Benracwi. 

ST MARYLEBONE. Marylebooe 
l:S. 1 1. Mam In D (Dvorak). Haec 

CHyrdi Rev D Head. 6JO 

Mmwry of Heating. Laying on of 
' ihds. Valerie Matin. 

_ _• PAUL'S. Robert Adam Street, wi: 
11 HC. Canon Ketm de Berry: 6JO 
Rev Ceorge Cassidy. 

ST PETER'S. Ealon Sguare: B IS HC: 
io Farruty Mass: 11 
Rev D B TlUyer. 

John H Bunts: 6JO Rev Paul T 

Wood: 1046 SM (LaUnJi Mma Brevis 
(Paiesmiia). Ca n did t F»cU Sunl 

Carden: » LIS. 6-30 Rev KetUi M 

MdtaCfc 1220 Ht 

THE ASSUMPTION. WanvtOt street. 
WI: xia 12. t. 6 LM: 1 1 SM. Mlssa 

FARM SlR EE T: 7 30. 8 30. 10. 
22. IS. 4.13. 6.15 LM 11 HM. MOW 
Bench Nicolai (Haydn). Exuliate USD 


THE ORATORY. Brompum Road: 7. 
8. 9. io. J2 30. 4 3a 7 LM: 1 1 HM. 
Mtea Pape Marcelli iPalestnnai. 
VtcOmae Paschalr iVh~iorl*>: 3.30 
Vespers. Ardens cor meum (V)rtoriaj 
11 SM. MBw Brens (Paiesmruu. 
Exsuluie Deo ipalestrlnai 

LM. II HM M»0 Ouam CJonosum 

■victonal. soo enlm auod Redemptor 

tneus \irtl (Ltssusi. 

Wl II. Rei. Ran F AlUson 
CTTV TEMPLE. HoiOom. 11, 6.30 
Rev MalcoUn Hanson. 

CHURCH. Wi: 11. Mr Brian Bibb: 
6.30 JudUh Lampard and Jenny 


KENSINGTON URC. Alien Street. 
WB: 1 1 HC. Dr Kenneth Slack: 630. 

Res- Wesley Workman. 

URC. Tavmork Place II. Mr Basil 
Pitts: 6.30. Res- John Miller. 



_i CHAPO_ city Road. EC2r 

ban Ronald C Gtobfrn. 
(Methodttll; II. 6 JO. Rev R John 

Gale: 11. 6.30. Res R T Kendall 



Moderate who lacked resolve 

Ayatollah Sayyed 
Mohammad Kazem Shariai- 
Madari. who died in Tehran 
on April 3. was one of the five 
Grand Ayaiollahs. or 
“Sources of Imitation”, of the 
Muslim Shia sect in (he 
Middle East. 

A map of mild manners, 
gentle humour and moderate 
beliefs, he became the leading 
spokesman of ihe clergy in 
Iran in ihe final years of toe 
late Shah. He was less 
successful under the rule of his 
former classmate. Ayatollah 
Khomeini, whose senior he 
was in religious learning, 
though not in age. 

Born in 1905 in the city of 
Tabriz, in toe Turkish-speak- 
ing province of .Azerbaijan, he 
studied at first in toe holy 
town of Najaf. in Iraq. 

As the future of that country 
as a place of religious learning 
seemed insecure after toe re- 
placement of Ottoman by 
British rule, he went, in 1924. 
to toe Iranian holy town of 
Qom to join a small band of 
other clergymen who had 
made the journey a few years 

Thus he and Khomeini 
became classmates and they 
energetically set about reviv- 
ing the theological schools of 
toe town. Gradual fame and 
increasing revenues, in toe 
form of voluntary religious 
taxes from devout followers, 
eventually enabled him to pay 
stipends to thousands of theo- 
logical students and to support 
schools and hospitals for toe 

In 1963. when he was 
already being described as the 
most senior clergyman in the 
land, he and. among others. 

Khomeini, opposed the 
Shah's land reform pro- 
gramme. But his statements 
on toe issue were less inflam- 
matory than those of 
Khomeini. 1 

Khomeini, who had not yet 
achieved toe rank of ayatollah, 
was implicated in bloody, 
nation-wide riots and was 
threatened with execution, but 
he was saved from such a fate 
by his old classmate who, 
together with the other 
Sources of Imitation, promot- 
ed him. 

As ayatollahs enjoyed im- 
munity* from all punishment 
under the emcien regime . Kho- 
meini was instead exiled to 

During the crisis of 1978, 
when revolutionary turmoil 
poured on to the streets, 

Sbariat-Madari felt compelled 
to denounce toe rule of toe 
Shah as “un-Islamic”, but he 
did not yield to the demands 
of extremists to condemn the 
liberal Government of Dr 
Bakhnar, on whose formation 
he bad been consulted. 

Soon after Khomeini’s tri- 
umphant return to Iran, toe 
two men's differences of opin- 
ion came into toe open. 

Sbariat-Madari feared that 
direct participation by toe 

clergy in politics would bring 
discredit upon them. He also 
opposed Khomeini's concept 
of VcIayai-e-Faqih (the reser- 
vation of supreme political 
leadership to a religious jurist) 
in toe belief that it would 
concentrate too much power 
into the hands of one man. 

For this reason, he and his 
considerable number of fol- 
lowers, mainly Azerbaijanis, 
boycotted Khomeini's refer- 
endum on toe new Constitu- 
tion of the Islamic Republic in 
toe autumn of 1979. 

Quietly, he was placed un- 
der house arrest and barred 
from meeting journalists. 

In December. 1979, a party 
which had been formed to 
support him in Tehran and 
Tabriz, toe Muslim People's 
Republican Party, took con- 
trol of Tabriz for two days, but 
Shariat-Madari did not sup- 
port the action and the 
regime’s armed forces, togeth- 
er with left-wing activists, 
suppressed the rebellion, kill- 
ing many of its leaders. 

It would have seemed out of 
character for the ayatollah to 
be decisive to toe point of 
risking a civil war, but if he 
had. subsequent Iranian histo- 
ry might have been very 

In April 1982. Shariat- 
Madari was officially accused 
of having connived in an 
alleged plot by the former 
Foreign Minister, Sadeq 
Qotbzadeh. to kill Khomeini. 
The ayatollah's school next 
door to his house in Qom, was 
ransacked by a mob. Under 
televised interrogation, be de- 
nied any participation. He was 
sentenced to eight months' 
imprisonment: Qotbzadeh 
was executed. 

Ayatollah Shariat-Madari 
died the death of a tragic 
figure. He was, within the 
confines of Islam, a liberal a 
moderate traditionalist who, 
because of his high position, 
could have changed the course 
of his country’s history for the 
better, but seemed to lack the 
necessary decisiveness. 

He died in official disgrace, 
but it might be claimed thai at 
toe time of his death, be was 
the best loved clergyman in 
that country. 


Catherine Scorer, who died 
on April 3. at toe age of 38. 
was a key figure in civil 
liberties for more than a 

She was concerned about all 
civil liberty issues but her 
special interests were the 
problems arising out of toe 
situation in Northern Ireland 
and women's rights. 

In 1972 she became the 
National Council for Civil 
Liberties' first Northern Ire- 
land officer, a post she held for 
four years. She left to qualify 
as a solicitor and became legal 
officer with the white-collar 
engineering union. TASS. 

Scorer was elected to the 
executive committee of the 
NCCL. in 1978 becoming its 
chairman in 1983/84. She was 
also the chairman of the 
Northern Ireland committee 
from 1 979 until her death and 
she was a founder member of 
the NCCL’s women's rights 

“Cash" Scorer won the re- 
gard of all those with whom 
she worked and she is remem- 
bered in Northern Ireland 
with particular respect be- 

cause she kept firmly in view 
the civil liberty issues whatev- 
er the political situation might 

She was a co-author of The 
Prevention of Terrorism Act 
The Case for Repeal, and also 
of Amending ihe Equality 

Her clear grasp of toe issues 
behind any problem was allied 
to an unassuming and ap- 
proachable manner and a 
readiness to do routine tasks 
which earned her toe respect 
and affection of NCCL staff 
and her colleagues on the 
executive committee. 

Virginia Gilmore, the Amer- 
ican actress who was married 
to Yul Brynner for 16 years, 
has died at her home in Santa 
Barbara, California. She was 
66 . 

She played supporting roles 
in Pride of the Yankees with 
Gary Cooper in 1942 and in 
Wonder Man with Danny 
Kaye in 1945. 

She married Brynner in 
1 944 and they were divorced 
in 1960. 










































































Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

r : 

* ‘ •' 9 
:r - > ; 

. -rj , 

. '• ; 

■ f W-- ■- 

■ ,V ,v y ‘ 



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AOS On AmU 2nd a* Tortay Hospital 
to Pesror tatt LbucMbW and Jotin. * 

JUjnrAMtER On March 26tti at Queen 
CMiMMI. London, to Marcia (nt« 
Begat and stmon. a daugBter. Aosa 


CAMBHOOIt Bom On April 3rd to 
NK*y (we UK) and N“*. *' dw»Mer. 
Lama Gtftwrfn* 

riniaUEL On &d April 1986- In 
Australia to Judith and Ahtfr. a 
. «n. Ruarakfr Ateatair. 

CAM! T6lCani»hio free WtilftcB ) a nd, 
l awranc e. on iSti March 1986. a 
OanjjMw. taura Mtrtera. 

CHILTON On Easier Day. 9Mt March. 
to Susan fate AbemecTO) and Itoflrc 
at m* John .RadCtEBfe.HnspttaL Ox- 
ford. » son. Chrfiaoptw Rohert- 
COLE Hew David Richard, bora «i 
S3 March to David and Rachel (itfe 
' BoaW- - ■ - - 

COMH PIT Tn rilr-— * and Rachel (nfc 
. «. 19U. Ktorch. a daiMMer. 

Emily Raawi-dB-vlBne. - 

nrrcwr- m Maroriuag m 

Brtdwt'tnee Martin} and Hugh, a 
daughter Lydia 

OHBS • on March 29«h te-AidtoLoafse 

vito of Alexander, a daughter 

. on April 3rd. 1966. to Vic- 
torta n»4o Wroth) and Darti, a son. 
H p p ay n ai On March Slst -to Anna ' 
(nee CBtoernon) and NtdiotaL a son. 
Thomas Martin. 

LA msec. On 90th March to Susan - 

ter. Jo«pMne one. a shut tor 

LOfift - On 2nd AprB to Candyn toea 
Henry) and'RoherL a m Henry 

rtSiwwwai CmMm# 

SKSeSw tor CrcUy. lw»'. 

Set Adaj. 

M CM COWH On Aprs 2nd 1986 to 
Tracey UUman McKeown and Attw 
McKeown. a daugMer. Mabel Oka 
McKeown. at Cedar Stott Hospital. 
Los Angeles. 

MOmOS on 2lsl March, to »fase) ( we 
Dyson) and Keith, a daughter. PhtUs- 
pa Susan, a atster tor Robert. 

HOMHfl OB Much 25rd to Ua and 
RtdianL a dawwer. Same Bena. 

■OCHEV On AnrO tad at Fitalev Parts 
Hosdtol to. Carol (Ufa Roberts) and 
Brand, a daughter. Nketo Ctara. 

BOnnnnll On.Mrcb 37th at Queen 
Charlotte, to C harl ot to to** Lyafl 
Cranq and Richard.' a daughter, 
cure Veronica/ a* sdtr for Eenefla. 

STENEUS On 2S0i March 1986. to 
.Meg and Rati a eon. vahosGuries. 

msLCV Cto 2nd of Aura to Deborah 
toee Haynes)- and David, a’ son. 

TOW Mt Qn 4th April at Oldham 
and DMrida General Hospital. To 
Moira (n*e widtahom) and Peter, a 
■on..- Alec Roy. . 

WALEY-COffiN To Jostotdne toh 
Spover) and Stephen on April 3rd. a 
dau^Her. Tamsin AHtt. 

WALPOLE On 27th March ts Lucy 

• urte Hopkins) and Ksith- a no. Ban- 
franto joM«i..a brother tor Jennifer, 
jacuodtoe and Bonnie. 

TEA 71$ On APR) 2nd to Sue fme 
Prescott) and Richard, a daughter. 
Oiariotto Cnma. 


. The marriage took Place ouietty in 
London on Ntarch 29th between Mr 

■ Banoby John TofflJdnsen of 
noehamptM and Mh# Roea-Narto de 
CarvaBu «t Sao Batfo. Brazfl. 


■AIBtE» on April 2nd peacefully at 
The College of SI Barnabas wiBtara 
John Kawtny Battkes. Priest for- 
meny Chapiato RhL Reqidem at 
10X0 ajn. an Wednesday Anrfl gift 
at The Course of St Barnabas. Mack- 
berry Lana. LlngfteM.' Surrey 
toUowed tv inurmeni M UngUeU 
Parish Church. 

CLIFFORD Oh 3rd April. William 
HutfrCUfford. of Farm Lodge. Steep. 
MerttMd. dear husband of Bartara 
add much loved «her of otfvia HaO- 
craav. Finerot Service Wednesday 

' 9th April 3pm All Saints Church. 
Steep. No flowen by raquaaL En«id- 
ricK Funeral Services PmUBM 

CUWCa.On 2nd of April aller a short 
BinesL agal 84 years. PhBip Henry, 
dearly »ved brother or Hester and 
unde of Alan ana Peter and great- 
pephews and netces. Funeral service 
wtu take place at Salisbury Cremato- 
rium or Tnunday 10 Ami at 12.46. 
No irttera or flowen by request 

do BUMH On Saturday March 29th (n 
Florence. Louts* Otafoeth. aged 2S. 
most BCWved daugnur or pamck and 
Brxhe end sster of Cbanes. Memori- 
al service to be announced later. 

MEY on £9th March 1986 Hugh 
KingtMm C8E. ISO. The so loved 
one of Biddy and Barbara. Formerly 
Head of Conutiuntcauen Department 
of the Foreign Office. Funeral service 
al Christ Church. Epsom common 

-On Monday 7ih April at 2^8 pm fol- 
lowed by private cremation. FamHy 

. Oewn only. Donations V desired to 
Nations) Society tor cancer BeBe r, 
c/o Of NaUanai Wnmnlnstcr BioL 
113 High Street. Epegm. 

HALL MM. WBiato Henry. beto\.«i 
husband Of Say am) father of Barrie. 
Howard and Mantn. On Sunday 
March 30th. suddenly at home. 
Wyeerof) Court BaKeweiL Derby- 
shire. Church service Wednesday 
9th April 11.30 am. followed by pri- 
vate cremation. Fanny flower* only. 
Donations to the Royal British Legion 
Benevolent Fund. 

Freda, of SioddotKm-Tees. 

suddenly but peacefully aged 78 on 

. Easter Monday, while staying to 
Bury -Si Edmunds. Drarty loved and 
nuch mourned oy Fred. Linda. Les- 
ley and all her grandchildren. 
Funeral at SI. Peter's Church. Slock- 
ton. on Friday utn April at mo 

KJELL08 On 26th March 1986. sud- 
denly at home in Hounslow. 
Charlotte Rachel, aped 30. Funeral 
service on Wednesday 9Ui April *1 
330 pm to Si Stephen's Church. 
Hounslow, followed by cremation at 
Hamvorth crematorium. FJowffs to 
Barton A Sou. 116 Hanworfh Road. 
Hounslow, let 01*570 0118. 

LAWDAT On 29ih March 1986. Ctth- 
Je. wife of the late Arthur Uwday 
and dear mother of Patnda. Guuan 
and James. Reoulm Mass at the 
Church of The Sacred Heart cob- 
ham. on Monday 7 April at noon 
fallowed by private cremation. No 
flow era pieaoe. 

LLOYD- On March 51, while on holi- 
day in Giouceotentiire. Charles 
Christopher Uovd aged 79. of Don's 
Wood. Lion's Crew. HWBifWd. Be- 
loved husband of Brenda, and father 
of Joanna and John. Funeral scrvfce 
at All g=»ipN Church. Waldron, an 
Tuesday 8Ui April at 3 pm. Family 
flowers only, or donations ff wished 
to Royal NaUooal Life Boat tnsdtu- 
Utm. c . o R Jarvis. Funeral Directors. 
Hum Street Cross- Jo-Rand. 
HealhflehL fast Sussex- Memorial 
Serrioe to be amounted later. 

MJUR Professor Lucy Philip, late of the 
London ScMot of Economies, on 
April 1st 1986. peacefully, aged 86. 
pmale cremation. 

very suddenly and peacefully at his 
home early tn the morning of 24th 
March, aged 68. Reninum MW II 
am Thursday lOth April al Smarden. 
Ashford. KenL Buna 2.30 pm. Fri- 
day not April at Harstoft. 
omondge. Flowera io smarden 
Church, or to woiera. Button End. 
Hanton. Cam bridge, or donottonb to 
the Church of England Children's So- 
ciety. Canterbury, 

MUJLARD Phyllis beacefufiy on April 
2nd Family funeral. Memorial ser- 
vice laler. NO flowers. Donations lo 

fOlSH On April 1st 1986. James 
Symmera. af ha home Weybndge. 
Surrey. Service et woking sr John’s 
crematorium. Monday 7th April, at 
4JS0 pm. Flo were to F. W. ChMy * 
Co. Ltd. 45 Elrogrove Road. 
Weybndge. &wtq-- 

O'KELL V on 2Blh March 1386 after a 
short ntnees. Beatrice iBetti'i of Ltf- 
fey Bank. Kilrullen. Co KiMare. dear 
sister of Elizabeth Foster-Meiliar. 

PEARS - Sir Peter. Smger. on Thura 
day 3 April IWb, peacefully at 
home. & 9 Cd 75: last survfvtng child of 
Arthur and Jessie Ftoare. Funeral. 2 
pflt. Wednesday 9 AwtL at 
Aldeburgh Parish auirdt. Flowers 
to Tony Brawn Funeral's. 

SWRiundham. or dmattaiK may be 
made io The Endowment Fund. The 
Britten- [tears School for Advanced 
Mud cal Statues. 

RAVEN On 2nd April peacefully to 
hospital. EiizaiMh Anne iLizi. dearly 
lot ed wife of Charles and mother of 
Julian. Alexander and Rupert. Fu- 
neral Serwre for family only on 
Monday April 7th al 2pm at Great- 
ness Cemetery. Sevenoaxs. Flowers 
or. if preferred donations for Kings 
College Hospital. Scanner Appeal 

may be sent lo W Hodges & Co. 57 
Quakers Hall Lane. Sevenoafcs Tel: 
0732-454457. Service of Thanksgiv- 
ing to be announced later. 

REEVE On April 2nd. peacefully In Die 
Norfolk and Norwich Hospital D 
Margaret L Reeve, former Headmis- 
tress of Wymondham High School, 
very much respected and dearly 
loved by all who knew her. Requium 
Mass will be held at Wymdham Ab- 
bey Church on Thursday tom April 
9.20 am. Funeral service at 2 pm. 
Commrttaf will take place at 9 
Faith's crematorium 4.30 piA. Flow- 
ers. or If preferred donations for toe 
Wymondham Day Centre iMiNDi 
may be sent to Messrs R J Bartram & 
Son Funeral Directors Wymondham. 
Norfolk NR 18 OJS. please. 

ROBERTS On Good Friday. Edward, 
beloved Husband of Freda, peaceful- 
ly ai home to Fore Street. Hatfletd. 
after a tong illness. No (lowers by 

ROOM - on 2nd April, peacefully al 
100 Based ale Road. St Ices. New 
South Wales. 2075 Australia. Thorn- 
es Gerald ScD . FRS. Cmrnira 
Professor of Mathematics, mounted 
by wife Jessie, son Robin and daugh 
lers Rosemary and Geraldine. 

SOLARI On Wednesday 2nd of Apru al 
me Royal Surrey County Hospital. 
Dr Mary Elizabeth So lari i“Babs''L 
dear wire of Frank Solan and for- 
merly of Chelsea College. Cremauon 
ai Slough crematorium Wednesday 
9Ui April a! 2 pm. No flowers pKase. 

tun donations if deared to Cancer Re- 
search Campaign. 2 Canton House 
Terrace. London SWl Y 6AR- 

SCOTT FOX A T. M. (Dodfek to hef 
sleep April 3rd. Cremation Efford 
Crematorium. Plymouth. 3 JO April 

VIBERT Mclnroy Esle on 29th March, 
aged 92. » sta. Marta. MaUorca. 
Sadly missed by Bruce and Barbara. 

WELLS on March 51 St at his home at 
Sawdsey. Woodbndge. Suffolk, wai- 
ter Reginald Wens, aged 66. dearly 
loved husband of Veronica. Small 
service at SI Mary's Church. 
Bawdsey at 2 JOpm on Wednesday 
April 9tn for local mends and family 
only. No flowers by tus request Do* 
nauons if wished for the SuflMk 
Scanner Appeal. E-R Button A Sons 
Lid. 24 St John’s Street 
Woodbndge. Suffolk. 

WKG On April 4th al GuMbttDUtfl. 
Eileen Wtgg. wife of the late Captain 
w s G wigg. beloved mother and 
grandmother, formerly of Tower 
Htu and Hflchln, Funeral service at 
Sr Nicholas. Gutseborough. 1230 
5to April, prior to crematlofl. Dona- 
tlons to Cancer Research. 



Raynes 0 B.E . DS C.. V.R.D.. wfD 
be held ai S> James's, PJccadHty. 
London Wi on Wednesday April 
16 th al 3 00 pm. 

morial service al St Andrews 
Church. Frogntt Lane NWS. April 
17th at 12 o'clock. 

RAPAPOHT A Memorial Service for 
Barbara in me Montri tore Hall al toe 
Froeuet firctnuir. RoehampMn Lane 
on Sunday 20ih April at 3.00pm. 
WARES A service or Thanksgiving for 
the life or Rex waiiev will be held al 
Holy Trinity Church. Broffipton Rd.. 

London SW7 inexi u> the Oratom) on 

Tuesday May dih at 2.30 pm. 



Unions ponder 
Murdoch offer 
of print plant 

A spring clean for ‘Monty’ 

By .Man Hamilton 

Union leaders reacted cau- 
tiously last night to an offer by 
Mr Rupen Murdoch to hand 
over to them his printing plant 
at Gray's Inn Road. London, 
for the production of a new 
left-wing daily newspaper. 

Except for printing of The 
Guardian, which is produced 
there under contract, lhe 
Gray's Inn Road presses have 
been idle since January, when 
Mr Murdoch moved produc- 
tion of The Times and The 
Sunday Times to a new plant 
at Wapping. where they are 
now printed without staffing 
by the traditional print 

Announcing his offer on 
Channel Four News after sev- 
eral hours of talks with union 
leaders yesterday. Mr Mur- 
doch said:**We would like to 
settle this dispute. We would 
like to pull the barbed wire 
down from around here (the 
Wapping plant) and get on 
with our business.” 

Mr Murdoch said:“This 
does give them an opportunity 
for jobs for those who have 
hardship and who have not 
got other jobs, and it also 
addresses the whole question 

of whether or not the whole 
labour movement gets a fair 
go in the press. 

“We nave no use for it 
(Gray's Inn Road), so as a 
settlement of the dispute we 
have put it forward and said 
'Here, take it.' We will risk the 
extra competition.” 

Miss Brena Dean, general 
secretary of Sogat 82, inter- 
viewed on the same pro- 
gramme. said that offer had 
been made at talks with News 
Internationa] earlier yester- 
day. and admitted that it had 
been “quite a surprise”. 

Miss Dean said:“It needs to 
be considered. But it cannot 
be seen as an alternative to the 
company's responsibilities on 
jobs, and compensation for 
people who may not get jobs. 
But it is factor, and something 
we will look at in a construc- 
tive way. It could be said to be 
good for the movement at 
large, but the first priority 
must be our members who 
worked for News 

Further talks were to be held 
with News International in the 
next few days, at which clarifi- 
cation of the offer would be i 
sought. Miss Dean said. 1 

• : 

Move to end dispute 

Continued from page 1 
enough national newspaper 
support for their party.” 

in June I9S3. the Labour 
peer Lord McCarthy produced 
at the request of the TUC a 
£28.000 study into the feasibil- 
ity of the unions launching a 
new daily newspaper that 
would “reflect the aims and 
interests of the Labour and 
trade union movement”. 

He recommended that if the 
unions could raise £6.7 mil- 
lion. a 32-page, six-day tabloid 
newspaper could be launched 
that would make a small profit 
selling 300.000 copies a day. 
and £6.4 million annual profit 
if sales rose to 500.000. Run- 
ning costs would be £13.3 
million a year for the lower 
sales figure and £16.5 million 
for the higher one. 

Lord McCarthy observed, 
encouragingly; “Readership 

patterns are by no means 
rigidly fixed. New products 
can make headway while es- 
tablished ones can decline. 
Much depends on how papers 
adapt to changing 
cirucmstances.” i 

After all TUC unions were 
sounded out, the TUC confer- 
ence in 1983 set up a commit- 
tee to gather financial support 
from members. However, by 
early 1984 it was clear the 
unions were reluctant to com- 
mit their funds to the project. 
Only £2 million of the re- 
quired £6.7 million initial 
costs had been pledged, and 
some of that was conditional 
on the other unions playing 
their parL 

In September 1984, the 
project was formally buried 
because of the unions' refusal 
to provide funds to launch 
and sustain lhe new 

Franc set 
to fall 

Continued from page 1 

Italy also had to devalue 
within the system last year. 
The devaluation brought the 
total number of realignments 
within the EMS to eight since 
the system was created in 
March 1979. A realignment 
has been expected for some 
time. The Dutch guilder is 
expected to follow lhe mark 
up within the system, while 
the Italian lira and Irish punt 
are both exported to take 
lower positions with the 
French franc. 

Whether the result is present- 
ed as an upward revaluation 
of the mark or a devaluation 
of the franc depends on the 
details of the negotiation. 

Discussions between the min- 
isters this weekend had been 
planned for months in prepa- 
ration for next week's meet- 
ings of the International 
Monetary Fund in 

French bombshell page 21 

Lord Montgomery, son of the 
late Field Marshal Lord 
Montgomery, yesterday went 
to inspect restoration work 
being carried out on his 
father's old tank at the Army's 
armoured vehicle sub-depot at 
Ledgershali, near Andover, 
Hampshire. His Esther is pic- 
tured in the tank, right, in 

The converted Grant Mark 
Two tank, nicknamed 
“Monty”, was used as Field 
Marshal Montgomery's tacti- 
cal headquarters' command 
vehicle from the start of the El 
Alemein offensive to the end of 
the war in Europe. 

Although the tank will be 
restored to running order, it is 
set for a far less hectic life. 
The Army will hand H over to 
the Imperial War Maseum, in 
London, in September. 

Kinnock threatens Militant purge 

Cootmoed from page 1 

against local constituency par- 
ly attempts at disciplinary 
action in places such as Car- 
diff South and Penarth. Mr 
James Callaghan's constituen- 
cy, Stevenage. Ipswich, Exeter 
and Mansfield. 

The change of party consti- 

tution will Jn traduce a new 
disciplinary code to reinforce 
the present vague rule under 
which constituency party gen- 
eral committees are given the 
duty “to lake all necessary 
steps to safeguard the consti- 
tution, programme, principles 
and policy of the Labour Party 
within the constituency”. 

Labour Weekly- said that 
although about 40 Militant 
supporters had been expelled 
by local parties under that rule 
within the last two years,, 
senior party officials were 
“concerned at what they see as 
a growing trend of legal action 
against the party on procedur- 
al grounds” 


Solution to Puzzle No 174)06 Solution to Puzzle No 17.011 I Today’s gvGUtS 

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The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,012 

.4 prize o/The Times Atlas of World History will be oven for the 
Jirst three correct solutions opened next Thursday. Entries 
should be addressed to: The Times. Saturday Crossword 
Competition, 12 Coley Street. London WC999YT. The winners 
and solution will be published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday’s competition are: 

Mr Alan Paterson. Swan House. 2 Doris Road. Norwich: Mr L 
Aaronberg. 7 Netheriield Road Sheffield: Lord Birkett. Great 
Altfields. Balls Cross. Fetworih , West Sussex 

















. V 

































1 Clean rabbit for some re- 
gional cooking (4.3). 

S Book by which one's simply 
instructed 1 7). 

9 After merger of firms, a 
drink (5). 

10 Not penned in according to 
custom t9). 

11 Ruddy stale — there’s no 
end to it (6). 

12 Silly response rn East, not 
Wesi (8). 

14 Origin of lethal fire, perhaps 

15 Every limit increased 100% 

18 Short suit or jacket on (9). 

20 Urchin endlessly imitating 
betters (5). 

22 Check, so to speak, this un- 
conventional i>pe tSl. 

24 Forbidding sweetheart to 
see author (6). 

26 Like guerrilla one left out. 
perhaps? Right (9). 

27 Modern poet's pen (5). 

28 Profligate fellow returned to 
curler (7). 

29 Fool cut parent at short no- 
tice (7). 


1 What Panhians did didn't 
turn out as expected (9). 

2 Record attendance of pupils 
for lecture (4.3L 

3 Escort with model - a per- 
fect beauty (4.5). 

4 Students retaining nothing 
in mind (4). 

5 Slates result of moderniza- 
tion here . . . (3,7). 

6 . . . including this name I 
changed (5). 

7 Competitors used to switch 
the lead (7). 

8 Significance of points a cou- 
ple repeated (5). 

13 Not civil, as a rule (7,3). 

16 Club, for example — shot in 
ihe dark? (9). 

17 Stupid or very sharp (3-6). 

19 Remove from bay? A for- 
eign shore, perhaps (7). 

21 Philosopher has brandy to 
consume (7). 

22 Passing cheese io 29 (5). 

23 New spell for a smug sor- 
cerer (5). 

25 Count or display data, say 


Concert by the Downshire 
Chamber Players; Si Marti n- in - 
the- Fields, Trafelgar Sq, WC2, 

Recital by The Holbume 
Group; Reddifch Ecumenical 
Centre, Worcs, 7.30. 

Concert by the Jerusalem 
String Trio; Mason Croft, Strat- 
ford upon Avon, 8. 

Concert by the Insurance 
Orchestra; Dorking Hails, 7.30. 

Piano recital by Philip Lange: 
Pump Room. Bath. 7.30 
Recital by Truda Helen 
Brown (harp) and Timothy 
Arnold (piano); St Peter 
Mancroft. Norwich. 7.30. 

Organ recital by Kimberley 
Marshall’ Christ Church, Ox- 
ford. 8. 


Model and Hobby World; 
Alexandra Palace and Park, 
Wood Green, N22, 10 to 8 (ends 
April 6). 

The Year of the Comet: help 
Paul Doherty create a large 
mural showing Halley's comet; 
National Maritime Museum. 
Greenwich, SE10, 10.15 to 4. 

Hippo day at London Zoo. 
facts, fun ana food for children; 
London Zoo, Regent's Park, 

Scottish Antiques Fair 1986; 
Roxburghe Hotel, Charlotte Sq, 
Edinburgh. 11 to 5. 

Tomorrow’s events 

e Princess of Wales. Patron 
of the National Children's Or- 
chestra. attends a concert by the 
orchestra at St David's HalL 
The Hayes. Cardiff - . South 
Glamorgan, 4.25. 


Jazz. Latin and Greek music 
by 4 on 4 Quartet: Riverside 
Studios. Crisp Rd. W6, 12 to 2. 

Concert by the Radio Leices- 
ter Big Band; Chamwood The- 
atre. Market Place. 
Looghboroogh, 7.30. 

Concert by the London Mo- 
zart Players; The Hexagon, 
Queen's Walk. Reading. 7.30. 

Concert by the Bampton Sing- 
ers. orchestra and local soloists: 
St Mary's Church, Bampton, 

Gardens open 


. OEVOIfc Wastpark, Yoatmpton otl 
A379. 7m E o) Plymouth on Nt nw on 
F»nws road: half aero at trees, shrubs. 
Bower borders, bubs also open April 12. 

2 to 6. 

Todsyand ether 4ns 
CORNWALL; Catahaie, St Docnkack. nr 
Sattash: terraced garden, pools, shewn, 
irosual shrubs; every day to end of 
October. 11 toSJ O or dusk, if aartar. 

Garden. Htdcote Bartnm, Chipping Cam- 
den: one of the most outstanding Esigfcsh 
gar dens. a series of smal ga rfleno with a 
vast c ol o c tt o n of shrubs, frees, herba- 
ceous and other marestna plants: every 
day except Tuesdays and Fridays until the 
end of October. 11 to 8 or 1 hour before 
sunset May be overcrowded on Bank 



Births: Thomas Hobbes, 
philosopher, author of Levia- 
than. Westport, Wiltshire, 1558: 
William, 1st Visconnt 
BrooBcker, first president of the 
Royal Society. London, 1684; 
Jean-Honore Fragonard, 
painter, Grasse, France. 1732; 
Joseph, 1st Baron Lister, sur- 
geon and pioneer of antisepsis, 
Upton. Essex. 1827; Algernon 
Charles Swiabwne, London, 

Deaths: Robert Raikes, 
founder of Sunday schools. 
Gloucester. 181 1; Donglas Mac- 
Arthnr. general Washington, 
1964; Howard Hughes, aviator, 
film producer, near Houston. 
Texas, 1976. 

PAYE was introduced, 1944. 

Births: Sir John Betjeman, 
Poet Laureate 1972-84, London, 

Deaths: Richard I, King of 
England. 1189-99, Chains, 
France, 1 199: Raphael Rome, 

1 520; Albrecht Dnrer, 
Numbers, Germany, 1528: 
John Stow, antiquary, author of 
Survey of London, London, 
1605; Edwin Arlington Robin- 
son, poet. New York, 1935; 
Jules Bordet, bacteriologist. No- 
bel laureate 1919. Brussels, 
1961; Igor Stravinsky. New 
York. 197 \. 

In the garden 

Roses should be pruned now 
and given a fertilizer. Give them 
another feed towards die did of 
the month, ft is unlikely that lhe 
frosts will be hard enough to 
damage new S bools. 

Provided the ground is not 
too wet, firm the soil round any 
trees, shrubs or other plants that 
were planted before the frosts 
came as the roots may have been 
loosened. Young trees and 
shrubs rocked about in the 
recent gales also need firming 
and the ties holding them to 
stakes, posts, pergolas or walls 

Nylon ties on trees need 
particular checking as they do 
not stretch and after a year or 
two may be cutting into bark 
which could kill the branch. 

There is still time to plant 
trees, shrubs and herbaceous 
plants. Quick growing conifers 
such as Cupressocyparis 
leylandu and the Russian vine 
Polygonum baldschuanicum, a 
very quick grower with masses 
of white flowers in autumn, can 
be used to cover a shed or 

Jerusalem artichokes, which 
will grow five to six feet high in 
the summer, can be used to 
screen a vegetable plot. RH 



An anticyclone to the NW 
of Scotland is . drifting 
only slowly SE. 

6 am to midnight 



The M kfa n d* Ml: Contraflow on N 

junction 16 dosed: MS: West Midlands, 
both caniageways dosed overnight from 
9 pm Saturday between junctions 4 and 6 
(Lydata Ash and Wamdtxn. N bound 
diversion via A38 Bromsgrove and 
Oreitwidi bypass. 5 bound diversion via 
A449, A450 and A456, contraflow on M5 
between functions 4 and 5 (Hashwood) 
from Sunday. 

Wales and the West M* Severn 
Bridge reduced to one lane W bound tor 
mantenance ufflH 4 pm Sunday; AS: 
Roadworks with t e mporary lights at 
Pentrefoefas on Betw3-y-coed to Corwen 
Rd; A4lSk Restrictions due to roadworks 
at S Cemey on the Ctconcestsr to 
Swindon Rd. 

The North: MSI: Junction M61/M6 
Btacow Bridge, construction of now 
motorway Imk at Walton Summit, insida 
lane closures both N and S bound; M83: 
Major widening scheme between junc- 
tions l and 3, Barton Bridge, lane 
re stri ction s ; A5& Sewer work In Man- 
chester Rd, Altrincham. N bound carriage- 
way dosed, contraflow on S bound. 

Scotland: NT74 end A74c Strzmicftrde. 
Dumfries and Gafoway, various lane 
re s trictions and carriageway closures on 
the maai Gfasoow-Cariote route: AB2: 
strattidyae and HWfland, amgte lane 
traffic at various pewits including Sman 
Bridge, Inv e nnorteton. between Knrerbag 
and TarbeL and An**; ATS: Road 
closures N and S of Carluke Cross, 
extensive aversions. 

The pound 


Hohday weekends and fine Sundays. 

OXFORDSHIRE: Marten's Hal Farm. 
Longwonh, DraWol Abingdon. 2m NW of 
Kingston Bagpuize: pfantsman's garden: 
many plants of interest to flower arrang- 
ers: nursery adonng; also open April 2S 
and 27. May 17 and IB. 2 toT 

WILTSHIRE.- Stourton House, Siourton. 
an NW of Mere. A303 on road to 
Stourhead: many intere s ting plants, 
bu*». shrubs, spnng flowers: famous for 
dried flowers: every Sunday, Thursday 
and Bank Hobday until November 3& 1 1 to 

'isle OF witwr: UsJe Combe. St 
Lawrence. 2m W of Vantnor; 4 acres, 
water gardens, spring flowere. shrubs, 
rock garden, large pheasant and water- 
fowl inflection: 2 to &30; or by appoint- 
ment (0363 852582). 

Yugoslavia Dor 

Rates for small denomination bank notes 
<mly as suopfeed by Barcteya Bank PVC 
□liferent rates apply to travellers 
tfieques and other foreign currency 

RetaU Price tndec 381.1 

LOMM: The FT Mm closed damn S m 


In V V'i'W-T 


In the casualty ward of the 
International Red Cross Hos* 
pita! .close to lhe frontier io 
Afghanistan. Sir Geoffrey 
Howe; the Foreign Secretary, 
yesterday came face to face 
with the reality of ibe Afghan 

A young Afghan mujahidin 
. guerrilla was having his 
wound dressed. His knee was 
propped in the air and the 
flesh where his shin and foot 
should have been dangled 
like so much steak. 

Upstairs another man was 
lying exhausted on his bed. 
The doctor uncovered bis 
legs and showed the mass of 
puncture wounds. “He has 
splinter lesions all over," said 
Dr Jorma Salmela, a surgeon 
from Finland. 

A young boy no more than 
12 years old, a phue-Hke 
trian gular smile on his face 
for the visitors, lay by an 
open window with flies 'buzz- 
ing around him. His leg was 
also propped in the air. 

“It is very difficult to deal 
with cases of this sort,” said 
the doctor. “He is a . 
haemophiliac too. Bleeding 
starts without any w arning ." 

In a ward for women, only 
Lady Howe and Mrs Gabriele 
FyjteWalker, the wife of the 
British Ambassador, were air 
lowed, since Afghan men -arc 
protective of the modesty of 
their women. Inside two grris 
showed their amputated 
slumps where they had 
walked on land mines. 

"Twenty per cent of our 
patients are women and 
children,” said Dr Salmela. 

The hospital has 100 beds. 
At times of crisis it can rake 
150 patients by piling them 
on balconies and verandahs. 
Last October when I visited 
it, there were 270 patients. 

“It is quite shattering,” 
said Sir Geoffrey. And the 
speeches on the Afghan situa- 
tion later in the day wine . 
plainly affected by bis visit 
“I have been profoundly 
moved by what I have seen,” 
he told a gathering of tribal 
elders in Kalchi Garhi refu- 
gee camp on the outskirts of 

“Afghanistan is. in truth, a 
bleeding wound," Sir Geof- 
frey told die refugees, repeat- 
ing a phrase used by Mr 

Mikhail Gorbachov during 
the recent Soviet party 
ptenum , , 

Sitting or squatting cm the 
ground in front 1 of : biro, 
wearing white turbans or 
ckitnxli . caps of round roiled 
felt, the tribesmen may have 
felt faintly puzzled, since it - 
was only a week since the US 

Aitornev General "Mr Edwin 
Meese, had compared the 
Afghan struggle against fee 
Russians to the American 
struggle against the British, 
and seemed to be c o mpa rin g 
King George in. with Mr 

The Foreign Secretary 
however dispelled their 
doubts and announced that 
Britain's aid to the Afghan 
refugees will be in creased this 
year to £4.8 million — up by 
1 796 on last year's total 

Later he and his. officials 
drove up the barren grandeur 
of the rock-strewn Kbyber’ 
Pass, past the- memorials to 
British regiments still' deco- 
rating the granite walls of 
Kipling's “Dark Defiles", to 
Midmi Point just above the 
border with Afghanistan. . 

Lieutenant Colonel 
Mahbodb Ali Shah, com- 
manding the local regiment 
of the Khyber Rifles, punted 
out-histoncal antiquities, the 
forts built by such invaders as 
Tamburiarne, which now 
blend into the jagged skyline 
where tire mujahidin and the 
Afghan troops exchange fire. 

At the Khyber Rifles 
officers’ mess a line of tribal 1 
Maliks garlanded Sir Geot 
frey and his wife profusely 
with tinsel. And, without ever 
having beard of Mr Denis 
Healey's remarks comparing 
an attack by Sir Geoffrey with 
being savaged by a dead 
sheep, presented him with 
not one but two sheep, also 
garlanded and clothed in rich 

“We shall cut and eat them 
tonight in his honour," said 
the chief Malik . present, 
Nematuflah Shinwary. 

Last night the Foreign Sec- 
retary arrived in Lahote, 
where he will meet leaders of 
commerce mid industry 'be- 
fore moving to Karachi. He 
leaves tonight fi>r home.' 

Michael Hamlyn 

Around Britain 





























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' r. i 

FT 30 Share 
1420.9 (-5.0) 

FT-$E 100 

1709.7 (-7:9) 

USM (Data stream) 

Lloyds makes surprise bid 
for Standard Chartered 

1.4490 (-0.0110) 

W Geiman mark 
-ii; 3.4624 (-OXtt 82) 

Trade-weighted I 
.y [76.4 (-01) 

■ | Share sale 
;§■ at Renters 

United Newspapers has 
' sow its entire holding of 17.46 
' million shares in Reuters, the 
news, agency, at 440pa share, 
..-"V, pte newspaper group, which 
- V. includes the Daifyand Sunday 

' By Rfcterd Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

Uoyds Bank, the smallest of 
the big (bur UK dealers, 
surprised the Oty yesterday 
mill in announcement that tt 
wanted to buy Standard Char- 
tered,, the overseas hank, cre- 
ating a banEum group with 
assets of over £70 Mlum. 

The new* sent Standard 
Chartered's stare price racing 
up by 30 percent but tire bank 

* The shares were pbced with 
various institutions. -The pro- 
ceeds were about £76u7 

New jobber 

Hill Samuel is setting np a 
wholly owned jobbing compa- 
ny which woakt start trading 
on April 28. The new compa> 
ny, called Wood Street Securi- 
ties. w ill initially job in 
investment trusts, im m p u H y 
stocks, oil majors and leading 
pharmaceuticals. It win be 
headed by Mr Chris Cart- 
wright and will be integrated 
into the stockbroker Wood 
Mackenzie after tug bang in 

Australian cot 

. Tire National Mutual Royal 
Bank of Australia, has cut its 
prime lending rate from 19 to 
18 per cent — the lowest in 

Tokyo rate 

The Bank ofJapan plans no 
further cuts, to its 4 per cent 
domestic discount rate the 
governor, MrSaioshiSnmna, 
said inTokyo. . 

Nordin stake 

The offer by MrAkeNordiH, 
to buy Campari International 
shares not owned by him nr 
his tart- hat- lapsed. 

Acceptances wtrereceivcdior 

to 49.23 percent 1 . -C-i 

■ ■ -* • v- .'./V 

Share sale - 

. Turner A Newafl is rcduo 
lire its interest in its South 
African subsidiary. Turner & 
NewaD Holdings, from 78 perl 
cent to 51 per cent by offering 
shares to die public The 
proceeds will be about £4 
million. . 

Premier move 

Premier Consolidated. OiL 
has writtento Goal Petroleum 
proposing that Goal co-opt to 
us board of d i rectors Mr 
Roland Strew, chairman and 
mamgtngdheopr of Premier. 

$30m issue 

HiH Samuel & Co. die 
merchant bank, is to be lead 
manager of a . financing — 
through the issue of convert- 
ible Eurobonds - of t^> to S3Q 

million _(£2CL5 .. million) by 
Granges Exploration, of Cana- 
da, for exploration mid devd- 
opment costs, of .existing 
properties. The .issne terms 
win be determined this 

Merger talks 

Good Relations, the public 
relations company, is in- 
volved in preliminary talks 
whkb may lead to a merger. 

Lee success v 

. .The. apphcaiion-- Hsf for 
16.66 «»in«on shares at 180p 
each in . Lee International, 
closed yesterday 

oversubscribed. ii_ 

wquick to reject the Uoyds 
ywwtk prompting specula- 
tion that a rival bid would not 
be long in coming. 

Uoyds said that its chair- 
man, Sir Jeremy Morre, had 
approached Standard Char- 
tered asking for talks which 
would lead to a reebamreaded 
offe r for t he bank worth 750p 

^LTbUhoo. ““^Standardat 

* The ataomicement sent 
Standaixi shares up well above 
the offered price, mnn 639pto 
830pLLloyas stares felt 7p to 
632p although other dealing 
bank shares rose during the 

have been reo irreat 
rumours for months about a 
bid for Standard but LJoyds 
was not considered a Hedy 

Argyll and 
hold talks 

By Derdt Harris 

■ Wihif . 

■ The • • European 
Commission's competition 
department officials held talks 
this week with Argyll Group 
now fighting Guinness to take 
over the Distifiera Company. 
It signals dose interest by 
Brussels m die prospect of 
7 Gmmiess adding Distflkas, 
Britain's biggest whisky pro- 
ducer, _ to its BeOs whisky 
subsidiary. . 

1 The co m petit i on depart- 
ment is fect-finding and the 
talks hare apparently been 
held in this context:-. . 
v IT. the ; -commission - .were 
sufficiently ' concerned about 
the effects on.: competition it 
could freete.any merger be- 
tween Guinness and , Distill- 
er* Tfare would be an interim 
measure : while the simation 
was fully assesed on competi- 
tkmgroends. '. 

Sb for such a move seems 
uhfikdy but wfat does seem 
10 : be opening up is the 
project, that : longertenn 
competition problems might 
- arise. ■ 

These developments have 
come as Aigyll was refused an 
interim interdict, or injunc- 
tion, in the Court of Session at 
Edinburgh in a case Argyll has 
brought to stop the Guinness 
bid for Distillers; ItJbaa been 
arguing that a merger, tinder 
European law, would tead to 
abuse of a : dominant position. 
The case will continue, Argyll 
said yesterday. . ' 

to Brussels it was i n di c ated 
tf>at investigations . at ..-this 
stage were antied as assessing 
whether there was any poten- 
tial problem. 

. Guinness has atready satis- 
fied Sir Gordon Borne, Direc- 
tor General of Fair Trading, 
tha t by selling off some Distill- 
ers brands to Lonhrmts brand 
share in the United Kingdom 
market would be sufficiently 

A more crucial factor bemg 
looked at in Brussels is the 
share of Scotch whisky distill- 
ing the merged companies 
would have. The Conrho deal 
would leave distilling of the 
sold-offbrands with Distillers. 

Although, a 25 per cent 
market some is under reguia- 
tronstte, benchmark forcom- 
petition assessment to start, in 
practice the commission com- 
petition ' department regards 
40 pec cent or more market 
share as normally the crucial 
breakpoint • • 

Sir Jeremy Morse: 
asked for talks 

contender. Mr Michael 
Me W ill ram , group managing 
director of Standard, said 
yesterd a y: “The approach 
from Lloyds has come as a 
surprise and is not 

Experts m the City now 
believe that Lloyds mil almost 
certainly have to raise its offer 
and that a rival bidder is likely 
to come forward. Names 
which have been mentioned 
recently as possible buyers 
include Midland Bank, Hong- 
kong & Shanghai, Royal Bank 
of Scotland and Trustee Sav- 

ings Bank A bid from a 
foreran bank is also thought 
possible. Any bid could only 
succeed with the approval of 
the Bank of England- 

Mr Brian Pitman, Uoyds 
chief executive, said that com- 
bining with Standard Char- 
tered would create a banking 
group with the widest interna- 
tional spread of any European 
banking organization. Last 
year Lloyds made pretax prof- 
its of £561 million, and Stan- 
dard Chartered £268 minion. 

“Lloyds is strong in Britain, 
Europe and Latin America 
while Standard is strong in the 
Far East, Middle &st, Africa 
and the US", Mr Pitman said. 
“Standard has established do- 
mestic banking businesses in 
places where entry is now 
restricted — it offers us a way 
into markets we cannot gel 
into ourselves.” 

Lloyds would afford the bid 
through an offer probably 
made up of 50 per cent cash 
and 50 per cent preference 
shares, Mr Pitman said. Fol- 
lowing the sale of Lloyds Bank 
California, announced earlier 
this year, and other recent 
disposals, the bank will have 
£450 million in cash to invest. 

The purchase of Standard 

‘Sleeping giant 9 
in the spotlight 

By Alison Eadie 

The £1.8 billion contested 
Wp^worth ^H oldi n gs 

retailer, w£Q pot the spotlight 
firmly on the people who run 
the former “sleeping giant” of 
the high street. 

somewhaTof ITstramfor the 
low key management team 
hfaj fH by the nha«snmm& 
but well regarded chief execu- 
tive Mr Geoffrey Mukaby. 

Mr Mulcahy came to Wool- 
worth in November 1982 as 
part of the three man manage- 
ment team headed by Mr John 
Beckett, the former chairman 
of British Sugar. Mr Beckett 
recruited Mr Mulcahy and Mr 
Nigel Whittaker to British 
Sugar in 1977 and all three left 
in 1982 when S&W Berisford 
acquired the company after a 
bitter bid battle: . 

: In ; November 1982 they 
ree m erg e d as the niew man age- 
ment of Woolworth, bought 
out from its American parent 
for £310 million with the 
hacking of a consortium of 
financial institutions. The new 
management gave itself seven 
years to put Woolworth right, 
but it is now going to have to 
justify its performance when it 
is only halfway through its 

Mr Stanley Kahns, chair- 
man of Dixons, has criticized 

UAV UUWIUIO V* vrwiwwii*! 

“because - they are not 
retailers”. Mr Mulcahy’s aca- 
demic background is in sci- 
ence and his business 
experience is largely fin a nc ia l 
Mr Whittaker has two law 
degrees and was a corporate 
lawyer for Hoffman La Roche 
before joining British Sugar. 
The new non-executive chair- 
man, who has replaced the 
recently retired Mr Beckett is 
Mr Kenneth Durham, chair- 
man of Unilever. 

Although they had no retail- 
ing experience before they 
joined Woolworth, the direc- 
tors point out that they have 
learnt a kit in the past three 
and a half yearsy ears and they 
have hired a strong band of 
experienced retailers at just 
below group board leveL 

A. leading London head- 

hunter, who has been spear- 
heading Woolies search for 
retailing talent over the past 
two years, said Mr Mulcahy 
was at least as clever and as 
tough as any chief executive 
he had worked with. 

He also pointed out that 
there have been four appoint- 
ments to the board of FW 
Woolworth, including a mer- 
chandising director poached 
from House of Fraser, a 
marketing director from Dee 
Corporation, a development 
director from Zodiac Toys 
and a finance director from 

Geoffrey Mukaby: faces 
glare of publicity 

Guinness. The marketing di- 
rector has brought in six 

* — -v 

ers including W H Smith, 
Argyll Group and Boots. 

The present m a na g emen t 
therefore believes h is wefl 
qualified to run Woolworth. It 
also believes its institutional 
backers are happy with its 
performance so far. The re- 
turn the institutions have 
made cm their investment is 

The takeover price in 1982 
was only £310 wilfinq , yet 
Woofworth's value in the 
stock market yesterday rose to 
more than £2 billion. Both 
Warburg Investment Manage- 
ment and Robert Fleming, 
which hold 14 per cent and 10 
per cent of Woolworth’s equi- 
ty respectively, said 'they 
would not be such large 
holders if they were not happy 
with their investment 

; would significantly reduce 
: Uoyds’ dependence on the 
UK market from which it 
’ earns 80 poer cent of its 
profits. “The UK market is 
increasingly competitive and 
likely to become less profit- 
able. The acquisition of Stan- 
dard would raise our overseas 
earnings to around 40 per cent 
of total profits.” 

Despite its widespread in- 
ternational activities Standard 
Chartered has little exposure 
in Britian. It is known to want 
a secure UK earnings base and 
tailed in an attempt to buy 
Royal Bank of Scotland five 
years ago. But the bank would 
not com men i further yester- 
day on its reasons for rejecting 
the Uoyds approach. 

The move would greatly 
increase Lloyds Bank's expo- 
sure to South Africa. Although 
Standard last year reduced its 
shareholding in Stanbic. the 
South African Banking opera- 
tion, from 43 to 39 per cent, 
the group derived 12 per cent 
of its profits from South Africa 
iu 1985. 

There was scepticism in the 
City yesterday over the in- 
creased exposure to the US 
that Standard would bring to 

Extel bid 

By Cliff Feltham 

One of the City’s most 
presumptuous takeover bids 
took on a more serious dimen- 
sion yesterday when the new- 
ly-created Demerger 
Corporation launched a re- , 
vised offer fin- Extel, the news 
and information group, 
backed by cash. 

^ Demerger’s earlier £170 i 
million ail-paper bid received 
support from under 1 percent 
of Extel shareholders at the 
first dosing date. 

It still plans to break Extel 
into separate parts and float , 
them off on the stock market, 
but now there is an underwrit- 
ten cash alternative of £4 a 
share in addition to a straight 
share swap. . . 

On the stock market Extel 
shares finished 12p higher at 
4G5p. Bui the terms were 
again rejected by the Extel 
board, which it said “grossly 
undervalued” the company. 

The new proposals include 
plans to reshape ExteTs news 
and sports services which 
Demerger claims are coming 
under increasing threat from 
rival sources. 

Mr Peter Earl, a director of 
Demerger and managing di- 
rector of its merchant bank 
Ifincorp. said: “Shareholders 
in Extel might wonder why 
their own board has not gone 
out and arranged the sort of 
deals we have fixed up.” 

Mr Eari said that ExteTs 
£4.9 miflioo profits from its 
sports and news services — 
rep resenting 45 per cent of 
total earnings — were coming 
under attack from the Press 
Association, its former part- 
ners, and from its former 
clients, tbe bookmakers 

A key figure in tbe battle is 
the publisher, Mr Robert 
Maxwell, bead of Mirror 
Group Newspapers, who sits 
on an !L7 per cent stake in 
Extel. He was yesterday study- 
ing the new terms. 

Mr Maxwell said last night 
“ The offer is dearly serious 
and is being seriously consid- 
ered by me as no doubt it 
deserves to be by all other 

French shatter the peace at 
finance ministers 9 retreat 

By Richard Owen, Sarah Hogg and Diana Geddes 

A small Dutch holiday re- 
sort near the West Geiman 
bonier, which should have 
been the venae for a quiet, 
routine meeting of EEC fi- 
nance ministers this weekend, 
has suddenly become the cea- 
; tre of crucial negotiations over 
realignment of the European 
Monetary, System (EMS). 

The finance ministers, in- 
[ eluding Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor of (he Exchequer, 
are meeting at Ootmarsum, 
jtoday.asd tomorrow. 

The .gathering could be con- 
tentious, ana Mr Marie 
Eyskens, the- Belgian finance 
minister, yesterday said he 
saw no technical reasons for 
devaluing the Belgian franc in 
the wake of the Bank of 
France’s decision to suspend 
official currency quotations 

MrEyskens said the French 
move had taken him by 
surprise, and European cur- 
rencies had appeared stable 
after the recent French elec- 

The EEC’s monetary com- 
mittee, composed of senior 
officials from national finance 
ministries, laid the ground 
work for the talks yesterday. 

. EMS realignment has politi- 
cal .implications for two;EEC 
member states faring elections 

PREVIOUS RMS expected to lead to an 

REALIGNMENTS up valuation m the mark, and 

: possibly the Dutch guilder, 

September 1979 DKrone: -3% afi 2 '? 51 oth J er European ci£ 

DM: +2% June 1982 rencies and particularly the 

DKrone: -3% DM: +4.25% French franc. The rate be- 

November 1979 Guilder +4.25 tween the mark and the franc 
Dkroner-5% FFrane -5.75% i s expected to be adjusted by 
Marchl981 ktw-2/75% al Ieafl 5 cen t, and 
line * 6 % March 1983 nmhahlv mare 
October 1981 DM: + 546 % of France 

DM: +5.5% GuiIder+3.36 Th ® ° at5 iL. ?! . 

DM: +2% 
DKrone: -3% 

June 1982 
DM: +4.25% 

March 1981 
lira: -6% 
October 1981 
DM: +5.5% 
Guilder +5.5% 
FFrane: -3% 
lira: -3% 
February 1982 
B Franc -8.5% 

shortly: (he Netherlands, 
which has a general election 

Griider+336 The Bank of Francc 
B Franc. + 1 . 3 &. sounded the alert for a rcalign- 

Lira: -2.63% ' mem when it suspended offi- 
Punt - 163% rial currency quotations. This 
1985 followed a sharp fall in the 

Lira: -7.8% * franc in.New York on Thurs- 
day night. 

Netherlands, Agence France Presse, the 
leral election semi-official French news 

on May 21, and West Germa- agency, quoted “well i fr- 
ay, where .local elections m formed sources” as saying that 
Lower Saxony will be a test of the realignment within the 
the popularity of the govern- European Monetary System 
ment of Chancellor Helmut (EMS) would be accompanied 
KohL by an “abolition” of French 

The new exchange rates being exchange control. However, 

discussed by European fi- 
nance ministers bring to a 
total of nine the realignments 
that have token place in the 
six-year history of the EMS 
since it was created in March, 

Le Monde suggested that the 
controls would simply be 

The prime minister’s office 
declined comment 
The French stock exchange ■ 

1979. However, the last major S hot up to a record high 
adjustment of currencies took yesterday in anticipation of 
place m 1983, and only the the move. marking an increase 
Italians have changed their 0 f nearly 40 per cent since the 
parities against other cuiren- beginning of the year, while 
cies since. .the Bureaux de Change in the 

As usual. Hus realignment is banks virtually closed down. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Hillsdown cuts through 
the Berisford tangle 

Hillsdown Holdings had been a 
candidate to bid for S&W Berisford 
ever since it built up its 10 per cent 
stake in the nominally larger sugar 
and commodities did so 
yesterday with such acute timing that 
a sharp rise in its own shares raised 
the value of its all-share offer from 
£430mtllion to nearly £4S0million 
during the course or the day.The 
offer, or some variation of it, has 
every chance of success .forming the 
crucial stage in the possible creation 
of a new diversified food group on 
tha largest scale. 

David Thompson and his partner 
Harry Solomon have built their 
empire so fast that, even after the 
flotation of Hillsdown last year, few 
outside the City are aware that its £! 
billion turnover carries so much 
influence on the meat, poultry, egg 
and canned and processed food 
shelves of the supermarkets.That 
success was built on opportunistic 
buying of troubled companies in 
unfashionable businesses. Berisford 
falls neatly into the Hillsdown strat- 
egy. even though its main earner, the 
British Sugar Corporation, is in as 
healthy a state as market conditions 
will allow. 

The merger of Ephraim Margulies’ 
commodity trading interests with 
BSC was only just allowed by the 
Monopolies Commission .and has in 
practice proved beyond the City 
group's management capacity. The 
commodity side has suffered badly 
recently and the board seems to have 
fallen out after Gordon PercivaLwho 
was put into to run BSC .tried to 
arrange a management buyouL In the 
end Mr Margulies was reduced to 
attempting to sell the sugar side to the 

Italian Ferruzzi in a complex deal 
that was aimed at him leading a 
buyout of the recapitalised commod- 
ity arm. 

In the event Ferruzzi has sold out 
its interest in Berisford to Hillsdown 
for a 3 per cent stake and talks on co- 
operation in Europe and further 
afield.though in other foodstuffs 
rather than sugar. That scuppers Mr 
Margulies’ plan. The other interested 
party Tate & Lyle, also sitting on 
around 10 per cent, would certainly 
not be allowed 10 buy BSC. 
Hillsdown.on the other hand, can 
avoid a monopoly vetting if it wishes 
to honour the commitments given by 
Berisford. Since Berisford seemed 
prepared to deal with the Italians at 
well below the present bid price, the 
main question marks may well be 
whether Hillsdown will need to offer 
an underwritten cash alternative and 
whether, on reflection, the stock 
market remains so sanguine about 
the tremendous debt burden 
Hillsdown will take on. Hillsdown 
and its advisers KJicnwort Benson 
are certainly aware of the 
problem. Kleinwort has bought 
Hilsdown's stake in Berisford to 
lessen the cash strain by convening it 
into shares and the bidders seem 
prepared to sell Berisford's property 
business . They may also sell the 
commodity trading pan back to Mr 
Margulies orrun it doivn. Hillsdown 
will want to son the combined 
balance sheet out quickly ,for the 
gleam in its management's eye has 
already lighted on Berisford's strate- 
gic stake in Ranks Hovis 
MacDougaU, which will no doubt be 
pomdering defennsive measures 

White House split widens 

Unemployment figures for March 
have sharpened the schism betweeil 
Reagan Administration officials oyer 
tbe good and ted effects of collapsing 
oil prices. The jobless figure, at 7.2 
per cent showed a continuing weak- 
ness in the economy, especially in the 
manufacturing and energy sectors 
where 80,000 jobs were lost last 
month alone. 

It lent public support to the views 
of some Administration officials, 
notably Vice-President George Bush 
and the ' energy secretary John 
Herrington, that special help is now 
needed for the depressed oil industry 
to save jobs and domestic production 
while avoiding a dangerous depen- 
dence on imported oil. Mr Bush and 
others in a sharply divided Reagan 
Administration support a new pro- 
posal to prop up marginal domestic 
producers by doubling or tripling the 
50 cent a barrel excise tax on 
imported oil. They want to use the 
proceeds to buy oil for the Strategic 
Petroleum Reserve from domestic 

Donald Regan, the White House 
chief of staff, and James Baker, the 

treasury secretary, are sharply op- 
posed to the idea. Despite big sectoral 
weaknesses in the US economy 
associated with the oil price collapse, 
they believe that overall, and over 
time, the US economy will benefit 

But the new jobless figures have 
put pressure on the free market 
advocates. Despite the fact that the 
March figure was down in actual 
terms, from 7.3 per cent in February, 
most economists say unemployment 
went up. The February number was 
an aberration, because of ted weather 
and flooding which reduced hiring in 
key industries. Without these factors, 
unemployment in February would 
have measured an estimated 7.1 per 
cent, up sharply from 6.7 per cent in 
January. Overall, since the Novem- 
ber-Januarv period. 500,000 jobs 
have been lost. The fact that this 
trend continued and actually in- 
creased in March is worrying to 
officials who believe that the good 
effects of the falling dollar and falling 
oil prices have yet to offset big 
weaknesses in farming, manufac- 
turing, energy and banking. 










‘Source Planned Savings. Offer to Bd. Income Reinvested 1-3 86. 

Above you see the results of £1000 in veiled in 
the Oppenheimer International Growth Trust 
placing it top out of all international unit trusts 
over all the periods shown.*’ 

Our style of international fund management is 
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New York (AP-Dow Jones) — 
Stock prices plunged in busy 
late afternoon trading on 
Thnrsifcn. largely due (0 fu- 
tures-related sell programmes. 
. The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which was down only 
about three points at nudafter- 
noon, dosed at 1,7664, down 

There were SlO issues ad- 
vancing, 1,168 declining, and 
381 unchanged. 

The total volume was 
14&23Q.000 shares, compared 
with 145.300,000 on 

The New York Slock Ex- 
change composite index was 
13441. down 1.67. Average 
price per share was down 50 

The American Stock Ex- 
change volume totalled 
12.605.795 shares, compared 
with Wednesday's 10.632*00. 

r r r r 


• E<0* lAsMtcciaiOnaiWfl tM X JUrtC d(H«0 ■ 

Sep 86 90.77 

Dec 86 — „ 91.09 

Mar 87 91.15 

Previous day s total open interest 1S70S 
Urn Month Euradour 

Jun 86 33.05 

Sep 86 93.06 

Dec 88 93.02 

Mar 87 9293 

US Treawy Bond 

JunSB 102-06 

Sep 86 10 T -06 

Dec 86 HfT 

Short Git 


Sep 88 _ 

Dec 86 

Long OH 
Jur 88 


Dec 86 

Mar 87 

FT-SE 100 


Sap 88 

SO Oner Chng no 

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0444 458144 

107 6 114 M 

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60.4 64 4R 

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42.1 449 

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34.1 364 

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Technology 1413 1519 *CJ 

G*rmar 31 7 33.7 


TIN Such Exchange London EC2P UT 

01-566 7886 

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Do ACtMll <41 
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Do Acaxn (3) 
Mine (2) 

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161 Owapside. London EC2V SEP 
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On the night of March 1 3th 19S5-the GIOTTO spacecraft 
reached the climax. of its inedible journey. .. *• . - 

•' An encounter with Halley's Cornet . \ 

Over 91 million miles put in space GIOTTO is unlocking some 
of the secrets that have held the imagination of man for centuries. . 

To make that rendezvous, a British Aerospace team had spent- 
the previous three years budding GIOTTO with the help of 
comoanies from 10 countries. ‘ ’ " 

' Since 1964 we've acted as prime contractor on 21 European • 
spacecraft, including the Olympus class, the most powerful 
communications satellites yet ordered. -• - A- ; . 

-- ■ • Thesespaceaaft.-tocether with guideSd weapons systems, civil 
a nd military aircraft, form part of a range of aerospace products 
unmatched by any other company in the world. • 

Giving British Aerospace theskilisand experience to meet the 
demands of tomoifow. 

With 76-years to wait until.ihe return of Halley's Comet, its 
encounter was a milestone we could not afford to miss.' 

British Aerospace p:c, !uu rati Mall, London 


( TEMPUS~") 

the devil and 
the deep North Sea 

Oneby one the oil companies 
have announced cuts in their 
exploration budgets. The cuts 
have become more savage as 
the oil price has sunk lower 
and lower. Expenditure on 
drilling is the most flexible 

part ofthe capital budget, and 
cutting back is the quickest 
way to make an impact. oh 
strained finances 
Much more -difficult is 
d e ridi n g what to do about 
undeveloped oilfields where 
most of the evaluation and 
design woric has been done 
and sanction to begin order- 
ing hardware was expected 

during the next 12 month* 
What matters for these fields 
is what the oil price is going 
•to be when they start produc- 
ing from 1 990 onward. 

It will be impossible to 

meats about future develop- 
ments until the Oil martr^ 
shows signs of settling, prefer- 
ably above $18. per barrel 
t £vpn at this level the banks 
win be unwilling to give non- 
recourse project finance to 
some projects and this will 
make it difficult for the 
financially weaker companies 
to borrow money for thdr 
share of development. 

There is no evidence that 
where orders have already 
been initiated, such as Shell's 
Tern and Eider fiekfs, devel- 
opment will be halted. How- 
ever. there must be a great 
deal of hard thinking going 
on about how to proceed with 
new developments such as T- 
block and Milter. 

T-block was always a mar- 
ginal project, but with oil at 
$25 it looked attractive 
enough to Agipand Century, 
Power & light to pay PhilKps 
$182 million for its 35 per 
cent share. Agjp has now 
been confirmed as operator 
in place of Pfriffips and the 
consortium, which also in- 
cludes Petrofina and T-aym o, 
is faced with some difficult 
decisions. :: 

More appraisal drilling 
needs to be dime on T-Wock. 
As well as trying to establish 
additional reserves, much ef- 
fort win go into finding ways 
of cutting.the capital cost of 
the development Until de- 
tailed engineering studies are 
completed to quantify die 
scope for reducing costs, it is 
impossible to work our the! 
returns. - 

But it is dear that to teye ■ 
any chance at alTof going 

ahead T-block needs an oD 
price of at least $18, and it 
. may not be viable at that 
Originally, it had been hoped 
to submit the Annex B in the 
first quarter of 1987. Slippage 
is now inevitable. 

The Miller oil field is 
somewiat more robnst. This 
. project is resfient at S15-S18 
per barrel, .but only if it is a 
DO-friDs development. Every 
avenue is bring explored to 
reduce capital costs, not just 
on the existing design but a&» 
looking at other methods of 
going ahead. 

Alternatives include the 
possibility of situating the 
sour gas facilities onshore 
rather than on the platform, 
and using the Hutton method, 
of construction, where the 
platform was loaded up in 
harbour and floated out vir- 
tually complete. BP has won 
the operatorship of Miller 
from Conoco. The other part- 
ners are Bttennise and Santa 
Fe. • 

- For any project to -be 
approved, all the partners in 
the consortium must betieve_ 
m it As iro one is making any 
betson howlong the ofl price 
is going ta remain low, it is 
unlikely .that we will see 
much money being spent on 
new capital projects in the 
North Sea until the oil price 
outlook becomes much 

Britannia Arrow 

Britannia Arrow has pro- 
duced annual resnlts which, if 
nothing else, should Teassure 
shareholders that the success- 
ful a gamtf Guinness 

Peat was not wasted effort. 
Whatever a marriage with 
GP would have produced, it 
is dear that Britannia js 
capable of continuing s tr o ng 
growth on its onm. * 

The cost ofthe bid defence 
came out at £14 million, or 
1.5p a share: On the other 
hand, the bid helped to posh 
Britannia's shares from a 
modest 90p a fewmomhs ago 
to nearly l5Qp yesterday. 

Bri tannia has met its fore- 
cast, made air the time of tire 
bid, of a 42p foil-year divi- 
dend, up by 68 per cent from 
the previous year’s 23p. Pre- 
tax profits were up 40 per 
cent — from £14 million to. 
£19.7 million — with satisfac- 
tory growth m most areas of . 
its business. Britannia denies , 
are anyptanstoseC offSmger 

& Friedlander, its merchant 
banking arm. 

There are, of corpse, still 
questions overhanging Bri- 
tannia. Mr Robert Maxwdl 
holds a substantial stake.. 
Presumably he will retain it, 
ait least while he is involved 
with Mr .David Stevens in 
other Stock Exchange opera- 
tions. Mr Stevens is to join as 
a main board director when 
Montagu Investment Man- 
agement is merged with 


After the initial euphoria of 
Dixons' bid for Woolworth, 
announced on Thursday, the 
stores sector lost some of its 
gloss yesterday, with shares in 
Storehouse, Marks and Spen- 
cer and Laura Ashley among 
the losers. Investors seem to 
have decided that prices are 
high enough. 

- Though takeover activity 
has already pushed most 
prices to fairly demanding 
levels, tbere are still one or 
two shares which might at-, 
tract the attention of inves- 
tors who have missed . the 
wonder of Woollies. 

ASDArMFI, the result of a 
merger between Associated 
Dairies and MF1, the flat 
pack furniture group, has 
underperformed ever since 
the deal was consummated a 
year ago. in the past three 
months it has lost 13 per cent 
the FT all-share 


The main worry has been 
that problems at Asda food 
stores would bold back the 
group. But following the ap- 
pointment of Mr Derdk 
Hu®. - who masterminded 
MFTs rise to fame; as chief 
executive and deputy chair- 
man -oftiic combined group, 
there: are growing hopes that 
recovery- will be qnkk. 

The choice of Mr David 
Donne, well known for his 
role at Steettey, Dalgety and 
Crest Nicholson, for chair- 
man is also welcome in the 

In die year to April 30 the 
company is expected to have 
mnite an annualized £170 
milli on or so, suggesting that 
the shares at I48p are trading 
on a multiple of 14 times 
earning *. That may not be 
cheap but it leaves scope for 

j app re ria tipit -once Sentiment 
'turns. " .j 


• THE GRA GROUP: Results 
for year to October 31 (£000). 
Pretax profit 643 (377), tax 245 
(II edl\ extraordinary credit 
350 (657). Earnings per share 
before extraordinary items 
0.92p <G9I). after I.74p (2.44* 
The profit was achieved al- 
though the While City was 
dosed for the whole of the 
trading period, whereas it op- 
erated for most of the 
corresponding period. 

INVESTMENTS: The chair- 
man, Mr S C Smith-Cox. ays in 
his annual statement that the 
company's profitability in 1986 
so- &r has exceeded budget 
targets. He confidently expects 
further progress in profits and 
net earnings per share this year. 

• 11 GROUP: The chairman, 
Mr R E U tiger, says in his 
annual report that, after the 
p ro gre ss in 1985. this year is 
viewed with a great deal more 
confidence. Demand for 
company's products remains 

generally good. 

Acceptances have been received 
for 99.63 per cent of the 
2,649.958 new ordinary shares 
offered at 200p. Shares not 
tyfe-n up have been sold at a net 
premium of about 74p over the 
subscription price. 

NATIONAL: Results for year 
to February 26. No final, mak- 
ing 1,3c (1.8). figures in $000. 
Net . revenue 649 (945) after 
transfer to capital redemption 
reserve nil (437). Net revenue 
pershare 1.3197c (1.8213). 

0.3Sp, making Q.7p (0.1925). 
figures- for 1985 in £000. Pretax 
profit 278 (59). Earnings per 
share 3.S5p (1.02). Board is 
pursuing policy of expanding 
through acquisition- Existing 
business has been transferred to 
a new subsidiary. Noble and 
Lund Engineering, and Noble 
and Land will be the .holding 
company. Group has completed 
the acquisition of Aqtadnrm. a 
small advanced technology 
company manufacturing spark 
erosion machinery. 

pany has launched its first Euro- 
sterUng £50 miflioc issue, led by 
•Hill Samuel and Morgan Gren- 
fdL The issue has a maturity of 
20 years, a coupon of 9% per 
cent and an issue price ofLlOOVi 
per cent, r The -proceeds will be 
used to improve the maturity 
and ; cost structure of 
borrowings, -t 

NATIONAL: The Tilbury of- 
fers bave been declared 

POTTERIES: Acceptances of 
ColorotTs offers have been re- 
ceived for 1S^S41 shares (0.27 
per cent of the issued ordinary), 
and 321 pref shares (0.02 per 
cent). Before the announcement 
of the offers Colorofl owned 
497,000 shares (8.7 per cent). 
The offers and the cash after- 
nativehave b ee n extended until 

; 3pm oil April 17 


Bid fever keeps its grip 

A record 46,000 bargains 
were struck on the London 
Slock Exchange yesterday 
with turnover valued at 
£76548 million. 

After a bearish start the FT 
30 index recovered to close 
down five points ar 1,420.9. 
The FT-SE 100 index was 7.9 
offai 1,709.7. 

Bid mania showed little sign 
of easing as the market ended 
an eventful week It was 
another session in which take- 
over situations dominated, as 
the spotlight switched to the 
banking sector where Lloyds 
launched a bid worth £1.2 
billion for Standard Char- 
tered, whose shares rose IS lp 
to 820p after the approach. 
Lloyds finished 7p down at 
632p among other firm 

Earlier, there had been the 
offer by Hfllsdown, up 35p at 
3l3p, for S & W Berisford, 
18p better at 248 p, new 
Demerg er terms for Extei, 12p 
higher at 405p. news of merger 
talks at Good Relations, which 
gained 16p to I69p, and a bid 
approach for Standard Fire- 

works, which improved 19pto 
I40p after 160p. 

Elsewhere, after some prof- 
it-taking. share prices 
strengthened as the market 
closed. Among the leaders 
revived bid gossip lifted Bee- 
cham 20p to 38Sp. while 
Distillers jumped 35pto 7l0p 
after comment on the latest 

There was still plenty of 
activity in stores where 
counterbid hopes pul another 
15p on Woolworth at 905p. 
Dixons, meanwhile, shed 18p 
at 41 2p. Barton also reflected 
profit-taking after yesterday's 
good figures, closing 1 2p lower 

Speculative buying lifted 
Aurora IlMtp to 73tap. while 



Abbott M V (180p) 230 

Ashley <L) (I35p) 217 -4 

BPP (160p) 188 

Broakmourn (IBOp) 183 

Chart FL (86p) 93 

Chancery Secs (63p) 77 

Conv 9% A 2000 £28*s -A> 

Cranswtek M (55p) 105 

Dialane (I28pj 180 -5 

Ferguson (J) (10p) 31 ‘a 

Gold Cm Tret (165p) 195 +7 

Granyte Surface (56p) 80 

Inoco (55p) 38 

JS Pathology (160pJ 280 

Jarvis Porter (105p) 136 +3 

KlearfokJ (ll8p) 118+5 

Lexicon (11Sp) 

Macro 4 (105p) 136-2 

Merhrate M (H5p) 146+1 

Norank Sys (90p) 108 +3 

Really Useful (3 30p) 3 28 -5 

SAC Inti (f00p) 
SPP (I25p) 
Templeton (2l5p) 

155 -1 
223 -5 

Sigmex (101 p) 81 

Snowdon & B (97p) 119 

Spice (80p) 96 

Tech Comp (1300) 202 

Underwoods (780p) 185 +2 

Wellcome (120p) 219 -7 

W Yorfc Hosp (90p) 78 

Wickes (140p) 172 


Cutfens F/P 275 +205 

Greycoat N/P 52 +2 

Hartwells N/P 

NMW Comp F/P £350 

Porter chad F/P 104 

Safeway UK £48 -'2 

Wates F/P 155 

Westland F/P 83 

(Issue price in brackets). 

Vickers still reflected compen- 
sation hopes, advancing 12p 
to 540p. There was no holding 
Amstrad. which responded to 
fresh investment buying by 
climbing another 50p 10 490p. 

Among foods Arana, after 
yesterday's broker’s lunch, 
rose 13p 10 492p. Another 
firm spot was in brewers 
where Vaux remained excited 
by talk of a Pleasurama bid, 
jumping 50p to 535p. 

Recent Oppenbeimcr prof- 
its stimulated Mercantile 
Home. 15p higher at 342p, 
while Mercury Secnritks, on 
Steinbcig stake speculation, 
put on 2Sp at 953p. Royal 
Bank of Scotland climbed 28p 
at 3S0p on speculation that it 
would sell its Woolworth 

There was profit-taking in 
Reckftt and Column, J8p easi- 
er at 882p, but Tate & Lyle 
gained 13p at 658p, reflecting 
its stake iu Berisford. 

Reuters, after the sale of the 
United News stake, closed i Op 
down at 455p. Bo water, with 
results due soon, also lost 10p, 
closing at 328p. 

Weather hits foods group 

Bad weather last summer 
and autumn sharply reduced 
profits at E T Sutherland and 
Son, the Sheffield-based foods 
group, according to results 
announced yesterday. 

Although sales of chilled 
foods were higher in the 
second half of 1985 than in 
1984. they fell short of the 
budgeted figure in what is 
normally the busiest time of 
the year. 

Sutherland reported operat- 
ing profits of £840,000 in the 
year, down from £1.51 million 
in 1984, despite a rise in 
turnover 10 £23.64 million 
from £20.74 million. 

British Land: Mr Gerald 
Ttoduna n is appointed a 

Currency Brokers Interna- 
tional: Mr Spencer Freeman- 
Haynes and Mr Graham 
Mansfield have joined the 

Notion: Mr Richard Op- 
pennan has become an execu- 
tive director. 

Tim Arnold: Mr Eric Watt 
steps up to director from 
account director, and Mr 
Mark Beasley, a director of 
Masterguide, fates up a simi- 
lar ’appointment with Tim 

The dividend is maintained 
at a total 3.53p after a final 
1.87p, payable on May 30. 
Members of the chairman's 
family have waived their 
rights* to the final dividend. 

The company says trading 
conditions remain difficult 
and this year has started 


Overheads in the chilled 
foods division continued to 
grow* and were built up 10 
match a turnover level that 
was not reached. Operating 
profits, therefore, were signifi- 
cantly lower than planned. 

Since the end of the year 
steps taken to cut costs include 


Foseco Minsep: Mr Robert 
Jordan becomes group man- 
aging director in succession to 
Mr Tony Chubb who is ap- 
pointed deputy chairman. Dr 
Dong Bryant and Mr Ian 
Hazlebnrst join the board. 

Mall inson- Denny Ltd: Mr 
Roger Barklett has been ap- 
pointed finance director. 

The British & Common- 
wealth Shipping Company: 
Mr Darid Kinloch joins the 
board as an executive director. 

Superdrug Stores: Mr Alan 
G Chandler has been made a 

closing the special products 
factory and transferring pro- 
duction of cooked meats to the 
main factory. 

The canned foods division 
is still feeing competition 
from imports of subsidized 
canned meat products, mainly 
from Brazil and Hollan d- 
A1 though this is expected to be 
temporary, it has been decided 
not to trade in unprofitable 

Pending a return to a more 
acceptable level of profitabili- 
ty. Sutherland will be reducing 
capital expenditure 

Bairstow Eves: Mr C H 
Sporborg has become chair- 
man and Mr J M Clay and 
Mr D G Lewis have been 
made directors. 

The British Association of 
Industrial Editors: Mr Cedi 
Pedersen has been appointed 
chief executive following the 
retirement of secretary general 
Ken Bartlett. % 

The Howard Group: Mr 
Kerin Dower has been ap- 
pointed managing director of 
Anthony Popple and Compa- 
ny Limited, the Lloyds broker 
specializing in US casualty 

Beatle era 
is saved 

By Teresa Poole 

The Beatle City collection 
of memorabilia has been 
saved from the auction rooms 
of New York, and will remain 
in UveipooL 

Transworid Leisure, the 
London developer, has ac- 
quired the loss-making exhibi- 
tion for £500,000 from Radio 
City, the Merseyside indepen- 
dent radio station. 

The new home for more 
than 1.000 exhibits from the 
Beatle era will be Liverpool's 
Festival Gardens, which are 
being developed by 
Transworid at a cost of £8 
million under an agreement 
with the Merseyside Develop- 
ment Corporation. 

Without the Transworid 
deal, Liverpool would have 
lost the collection. Two other 
potential buyers were intend- 
ing to move the exhibition to 
London and. failing an agree- 
ment, Radio City was plan- 
ning to ship the collection this 
month to Sotheby's in New 

Since its opening in April 
1984 at a cost of £1.4 million, 
Beatle City has lost money. 

A close encounter of the red kind 





From your portfolio cans check your 
eight shore price movements Add (eon 
up !o give you your overall total. Check 
this agoJtui the daily dividend figure 
blistied on this pane. If it matches you 

daily pnze money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card You must always have 
vour card available when claiming. 

Equities recover 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealing; began April I. Dealings end April 1 1. gComango day April 14. Seoiement day, April 21. 


IMHI it'lLvtriLiMrwC'itkl 



£ 2,000 

Claims required 

+39 points 

(Inhwanfa chftwM 



54 S3 Smith St Aubyn 
S9S 419 sand Chan 
818 613 Umar 
00'. 43% WHS Forgo 

320 320 Wmrat 

54 tj 13 41 

60S *4-166 04 54 04 

013 .. 569 05*1-8 

£80', +'a 

290 • 7.1 24 184 

248 «M|n 388 

500 375 Brown iMaalww) 
trt M7 Butova (H Pi 
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■©a 410 CWk (Uattw*) 

no 466 dSSS W ** 

204 166 Graanai WMoey 
230 1B3 Gram Nag 
351 275 Oumnati 
475 405 Hertye 1 Hansons - 
89 69 Hnhtond 0*8 

179 158 torompidon CM 
285 173 OtsTlDU 
104 77 Wanton Thomn 

248 217 Martad 
248 1S3 SA Breweries 

234 IBS SCO! 5 Nl« 

315 226 Do B' 

251 189 Whmrsad bw 

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31 . 

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-3 192 : 

*2 102 : 

-3 122 1 

64 I 



Join-dan l Thomas l 




f) Times Newspapers LuL Daily Total 

Weekly Dividend 

Please moke a note of your daily totals 
far the weekly dividend of £20.000 in 
today's newspaper. 



40 192 




02 00 


40 130 


24 162 




72 .. 


14 ID 


67 169 


74 334 


69 21.1 


30 129 


42 64 


54 10.0 




40 199 

.. 199 


84 7.7 




250 24 


59 .. 


27 322 


40 114 


20 105 


59 109 


95 130 


61 142 


61 139 




70 92 


97 342. 


74 139 


22 225 


22 120 



.. • 

.. 310 


43 109 


41 140 


35 161 


39 143 








61 74 


60 131 


24 143 


35 195 




37 145- 


40 .. 


4.1 140 


30 140 


94 .. 


74 162 


49 274 


17 169 


44 119 


39 109 


40 63 


10 62 


20 149 


30 174 


11 145 




48 135 




35 145 


7.7 170 


25 214 




43 140 


20 138 


21 021 


65 290 


48 125 




80 7.1 


30 193! 


10 160 


ill 205 




48 38% 
193 160 
393 291 
241 160 
136 108 

111 7B 1 , 
128 102 
167 112 

8S% 97% 
138 K2 
285 245 
1B8 140 
142 112 
20 15 

163 127 
126 100 
216 172 
268 215 
160 113 
445 330 
101'. 79 
10 734 
410 335 
113 102 
225 179 
82 62 
178 137 
322 210 
46 36 

213 168 

112 67 

AKZO H JV Bearar 
Anchor Chemical 


Beyer DM50 
Blent Chants 
Br BsnaDI 
Canto* (W) 

Cc*5 Boa 
Do 'A- 

Cory (Horace! 
Do DU 

Bb 8 Eaantd 
Foaaco Mtoaep 


Hoachst DM50 
Imp Own tod 


Suit*** Spaakman 
Yddonra cnam 

400 99 .. 
3J 1.7 20,1 
IB 23 198 
91 23 73 
5.7 43 167 
700 7.1 .. 

103 191154 
83 33 173 
.. ..833 

51 43 213 

93 35 14.1 
93 44 63 
93 53 64 

0.7 57 64 

103 92133 
.. .. 103 

93 51 163 
113 40 113 

94 41 123 
214 43114 

474 50 103 
195 27 203 
47 44 17.1 
33 1-3 22.7 

50 43 164 
55 23173 

II II 861 

11.1 55 212 
43 42 63 




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81 65 

201 20B 
12'. 8S 
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260 230 
489 384 
590 *29 
*85 *10 
838 *33 
S7 36 
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43*. 33% 
51 32 

73 43 
107'.- 80': 
212 1*8 
389 2*9 

89 68 

248 ISO 
31 20 

*30 333 

74 64 
438 31* 
IBB 138 
830 595 
677 4A* 

40 32 

«3 67B 
S59 417 
321 208 
ass on 
M3 60 
*42 312 
SO . 65 
132 102 
18'. 13'. 
360 260 

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Bank CM a aland 
Bonk Law* Israel 
Bank Law* UK 
Bank 01 S ue e an d 
Brown Showy 
Carar Allan 

Cnase Matmon 



Cam Bank WM9 
Damscne Bank 
First Nal Fnanca 
Canard Net 

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Josesn iCaaDokn 
Kmg 4 SMnaon 
Meawort Bunsen 
Mureurv Sees 
Mar «u« Bk 
Wat Wa rn 
Rai Brea 
Ftetox*i4d JJI MS 
Hoy* Brik CM Can 
Suwo a i 

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-2 150 12 

*5 170 57 II 

I 1 1 160 57 112 

*10 1800 33 114 
>+10 268 48 79 

*5 132 2.7 209 

-5 413 56154 

IJ-1 2.8 48 ISO 
l+H 138 45 .. 
>-’. 2M 90 .. 

13 28 51 

I .. 34 52 103 

90 0.1 .. 

-r« aoo 43 .. 

r-4 40 20 12* 

198 49 225 

-I 27 51 14.1 

+10 95 40 199 

*1 95 7 3J243 

.1 17 0 4.1 103 

+ 1 % 

17.4 4 1 220 
1130 82 228 
t+B 25 7 31 120 

1-22 300 *9 98 
23 31 MS 
4-25 229 24 145 
I «48 384 U 20.7 


•+I5 *03 49 73 
550 43 943 
B+9 163 42 130 

13 26 203 
-1 5S 53 155 

3IB 180 AB Bag 300 S*3S 114 UZ4 

4S0 ISO Amatrad *88 to **8 16 09 373 

SB 81 *tra» Computora 92 21 23 73 

90 63 Allen B8 .... 

+96 157 35 11 0 

I . . 30.7 23 150 

300 205 ABankc Comp 
S3 46 AuSo noway 
19S 140 Ama 8k 

3*5 2*0 BtCC 
118 64 BSR 
484 379 BtMtoores 

■a 33 13 9.4 

+12 2.1 1.1 153 
187 *5 189 

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1 S' 


303 278 Easton Prod 
195 156 Edm 
as 220 BS 
37 SB's BM 
120 106 Baca 
27% 17% Bsctobx (AG) W 
68 52 atom |B) 

26S 16% EMart 
369 282 BKpbh CHm Ctoy 
2BS 19S EiSaon (Ufl W 
ifi3 1*5 Enktoa mat 
177*1138 European Fantoa 
140 IIS Do 5% Prf 
292 156 Bmrad 
1 20 111 Erode 
182 127 BqwmMtot 
<15 315 EM 
31 72 Fiasco 

40 » Feeds* Arab M 
137 i oa Fanner <30 
7! BO Fh fcxmar 
618 408 Haona 


246 2 a Ahtogmrti 
184 143 Altkan Huma 
510 300 Anrotamsu 

175 110 Berkley Tech 
a 2D% Cmneda 
2*3 184 Candour 
a 16 C w arai i ar 
27% 17 Equay 8 Gan 
253 1 63 Hamm 
IBS 163 hory ■ Stow 

238 -3 

i*3 -a 
<80 n+es 

175 +2 

220*1 • .. 
243 •+£ 

a -i 

235 *+7 

178 -8 



13 03 .. 
119 7J 90 
Z75 57 7.7 

17.1 05805 

57 33384 

13 90 117 
10.4 44 317 

9.1 34 81.1 
99 43 273 

120 84 
SB 81% 

123 100 
41% 27% 
ITS 157 
67 51 

115 84 

385 258 
286 280 
66 60 
136 100 
ISffl 111 
1 0S 756% 
380 M3 
94 58 
505 <10 
261 WT 
312 208 
10 % 6 
74 M% 
216 134 
158 136 
215 180 
263 230 
37% 25% 
48 a 
191 141 
182 148 
115 66 

164 133 
223 175 
613 431 
132 62 

121 81 
208 14® 
144 161 

FtoxaaoCBW 120 

FbOal 82 

Hmrty 121 

Fobs Group N/v a 
RttwgH S Hanay 167 
French (Thomts) 61 
GB Ira . 114 

GKN 383 

OR 295 

Gama Eng 80 

Gaststoar 122 

Qmtog Karr 


Him Pradstoo 
Hal Eng 

□o B% On* 
Do 5%% 

HawW (J) 
HOB Lloyd 

120 91 

MS 11% 
290 234 
103 80 

254 207% 
164 116 
316 211 

295 265 
123% 96% 
544 473 
183 133 

44*i 22% 
290 235 
188 66 
190 133 
29 23 

aa a 
2*0 m 

•130 109 

296 230 
208 207 

iaa in 

Hoardan 118 

Hudson Bay 214% 

Huang Aancc 280 
Hwang Ana 101 
tUdnm W ham poa 228% 
M — m 
Imran 245 

Jac ka a na Bona 290 

JanttM Math 106 

Johnson Clamant 544 
Johnson Ntoflfcay 171 
Johnson > FB 42 

145 45 M 
105 5.1 95 

89 91 175 
ZB 7.0 155 

90 57115 

29 44195 
m 49 .. 
197 45 145 

aa m .. 

4.0 27 202 

91 96 114 

7.1 91 .. 

4B 15252 
45 97 135 

04 45145 
06 24245 
14 45 74 

14 4.1 607 

7.1 95214 

55 67 175 

74 14 292 

15 29 .. 

54 *5 aa 

05 15 74 

57 47 464 
14 34 105 

114 7.1 154 
41 67 .. 
84 74 164 

17.1 45144 

105 34 8.1 

65 65 OS 

91 17 115 
43b 10184 

143 1.4 Z75 
199 97214 

BO 11 U 

155 35161 
64 S3 ITS 

10.1 35 225 

0.7 74 55 

24 37 14.1 ; 

125 54 105 

84n 95KU 
129 74 127 
23 05 395 
ITS 51 192 

57* 61 HL5 
800 44 .. 

92 72 .. 

75 44 184 
191 54904 
174 99 161 

27 25 102 

54 55 141 

103 62 165 

61 65 609 

69 55 64 
.. a .. 275 
.. a .. 337 
54 54144 
84 4305 
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44 41114 
5R4 41 .. 
107 54102* 
89 95 22JT* 

63 2.1393 
•-7 34 14 344 

~7 154 61 99 

• -1 08 44 174 

S+3 99 47164 

i +% . . a . . 274 

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29b 24 194 
^ 7.1 62 94 

7-1 97 191 

+9 14 14 244 

.. 392 65 114 

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' !i II II 427 

43 27 192 

*?. 11? 67 149 

67 97 TO 

:: £ t?S2 

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45 52584 
74 99 154 
+S 61 Li 265 
+£ 74 74 69 

-1 115 47 135 

. . 94 65 94 

m-2 11.4 17 284 

-5 64 67 774 

.. 1558 24 199 

+2 54 49167 

-1 14» 41 191 

•+T% 54 46 103 
_3 23b 62 195 

-6 2000 32155 

+8 47 27 174 


300 201 tfuho 

S3 91 OcaanMtooa 
238 190 nww*2M 

U3 129 Pat* 

GO 36 S*oa Daroy 
900 530 anlto 
143 8i Toast umatoy 
170 163 VUaCnp 

44 +2 67 14 125 

133 r -2 WO 74 28 

97 . 99 91 49 

M M S* 74 11,1 
368 -4 254 97 175 

37 ■■ 19 43125 

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83 42 97 aa 

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575 II 229 40 *5 

1*1 492 

160 95 34 99 



Grand MM 


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391 312 








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66% Maud Chart** 




30 140 



Prmoe Of W Hatois 



2.1 17J 


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20b 25 210 1 



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313 263 , 
89 67 . 

260 136 
*50 383 
82 67 

388 277% 


26% 18% 

200 128 
174 112 
485 180 
SB 40 
IBS 180 
32 24 

160 138 
118 94 

3S3 316 

29 19 Bamoc 

252 131 Banatord (SCW| 
IIS BS Banaftrds 
130 100 BaapUt 
an 2i* Baaro t m 
*eo 310 BasMood 
35 28 Barm (DF) 

335 mo aemyto 
206 1*0 BUMS 
120 76 Btoam M 

136-r B4'i BtonmOMfcsst 

173 105 Bh m ai ulia ai Wait 

174 148 Stock Amnr 

B Sy ri a* {Cnartos) 


*3 34 Barman 40 

*4 35 BTOgaMOp 38 

170 110 Bndan 170 

102 130 Bnrood-Quntky 174 

130 115 Br Bdg & Eng App 125 

2*6 IBB BrSWBffl 246 

M3 87 ft Syphon la 

271 198 ft Vaa 288 

.. 161 47 174 
+1 66 41 349 

•-1 92 95 WO 

.. W1 10 37.0 

• +3 60 18 190 

^ 11.1 5.0 14.1 

96 24192 

. . 67 as 105 

>6 66 25208 


-1 05 1.1 144 

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-2 167 47 17.1 

• +11% 14 14 10J 

-2 61 25 105 

-1 11 25 204 

-6 29 14 305 

• .. 214 S.1174 

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• +2 194 35 M4 

• -2 125 25 200 

-8 120 65 94 

-15 290b 45 UL8 
+1 10.2 35 110 

•+3 mu 60 127 
+2 24 L7 254 


• .. 34 94134 

.. 217 134 54 

• +1 22 84 .. 

■ . 107 89 144 

65 65 107 

+11 161 42 160 

« -. 
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■ +ia isj) aa 115 

• 75 85109 

61 47 74 

+27 68 25 iaa 

• 68 19SG5 
•-1 Z9b 39 95 

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143 74 05 

60 43105 

•+i% 14 40 iaa 
69 60 167 
-4 64 35 140 

• 24 14 19.1 

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+6 1.7 05 268 

-8 35 34125 

+6 171 44 MJ 

-8 63 35 165 

174 11 154 
34 34 124 

61 55127 

Bom 8 Tama 

Own fea to Lynch S3 


Onjlto 38 

ewywntal 133 

CoSm'cjP 220 

Combnsd Tech 12% 

71 44 69 
7.4 43 130 
04 07 664 
65 39 169 

100 37 114 

14 23 154 
07 99 254 
14 35 80 
9.0 11 125 

45 74 130 
117 40 141 
29 14 190 

34 12 161 

25 34 125 
24 60 165 

a 55 
1740 80 85 

35 54 615 
14 34184 

• 22-9 

a 354 
61 43130 
69 64 110 
60 80 80 
157 55 554 
35 41 154 
163 34 124 
76 24 223 
a W7 
■65 63302 
107 60 105 
154 35 64 
71 34 164 

45 25134 

570 55 104 
68 35112 

531 3*9 
136 115 
250 210 

B% 5 % 
91 64 

166 123 
108 91 





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&«.■ rifc r tE ri “ u gZZ. —V 

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7 *-; V 

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■>■ » 

- I 




Edited by Loma Bourke 

way to 


It is difficu lt to see wk 
investors with sums of less 
tjwn, say, £50,000 bother with 
direct investment in shares — 
anit. trusts are a more talk 
efficient and cheaper way «f 
holding a portfolio of shares. 

Stockbrokers Cape! Core 
Myers came to the same 
OMctesion - but realised that 

many people still like to havens 

dabUe in shares or want to 
stag a new issue. 

Their solution offers the 
best of both worlds — the 
Mas ter Po rtfolio Service is a 
omit trust with a minimum 
investment of £50,000 and a 
dealing service tacked on as an 

~ Costs are kept to a minimum 
with a front end charge of only 
1*5 per cent compared with the 
normal 5 per cent charged by 
most unit trusts. The annual 
m an a ge m ent charge is 1 per 

■ Investors get the benefit of 

professional . management -for 
their core holdings of shares — 
the Woe chips and others, that 
yon are not going to want to 
sell. In addition you can still 
deal directly in- shares in the 
normal way bat brokers’ Hum 
is no longer taken- op with 
discussing your portfolio 

Around £1 million of new 
money a week has been coin- 
ing in since launch date jind 
the fond now stands at £16 

milli on. 

The cost of preparing capi- 
tal gains tax computations 
necessary when buying and 
selling shares, not to mention 
a -high minimum .bargain 
charge now levied by most 
slock brokersjnafces the Capet 
Cure My as service an attrac- 
tive alternative. 

■ Fatt details from Copd 
Can Myers, 65 Holbom Vm- 
duct, London ECJA 2EV, tek 
01-236 SOSO. 

as boom continues 

Stock markets hit new highs 
again this week as investors 
indulged in a spate of bed mid 
breakfasting keeping stockbro- 
kers -working until -the small 
hours - of the; inoriuing and 
severely straining the Stock 
Exchange computers. 

“I shall be here probably 
until midnight” groaned An- 
thony Wilkin of Scrimgeour 
Vickers. "We have to get the 
paper work done.” 

.“The volume of bargains is 
hitting record levels too,” 
confirmed Paul. Killick of 
QnilterOoodisoa “On Thurs- 
day. for example, the number 
of transactions was 37,900 
compared with 26,900 a year 

And shareholders and unit 
trust investors have some 
handsome profits to take. The 
FT all share index is up over 
30 per cent on a year ago as is 
“Footsie'" the new Stock Ex- 
change index, while the FT 
Ordinary index is up by nearly 
50 per cent on the 12-month 

If stockbrokers have been 
bnsy the accountants barely 
have- time to -answer the 
phone. “Everyone wants to 
know what their capital gains 
tax position is and how much 
profit to take Tra going to 
chuck this job in and become a 
stockbroker,” complained an 
overworked accountants 

For unit trust investors, the 
latest performance figures 
show the Japanese trusts dom- 
inating the top end of the 
three-month charts with no 
Jess than 12 of the top 20 
invested in Japan and the Far 

losses of as much as 30 per 
cent since the beginning of the 
year with a£100 investment in 
Target Australia now worth 
onto £70.20. 

For new investors coming 
into the market, is it reason- 
able to expect the boom in 
share prices to continue? “We 
are quite relaxed about the 
situation,” says Fred Canr of 
stockbrokers Cape! -Cure My- 
ers. “The turning point in the 
economic cycle seems to be 

poshed further and further 
into the future.” 

He believes that the fall in 
the price of oil has fundamen- 
tally changed the entire world 
economy and that markets 
worldwide are being re rated. 

But he is predicting that the 
price of oil will rebound to 
about Si 8 a barrel by the end 
of the year which does indi- 
cate that a modicum of cau- 
tion would not come amiss. “I 
think like the Duke of Wel- 


Currant vafew of £100 Invested over three months to Aprff 1, 1886 

But if both the performance 
of the yen and Japanese stocks 
are pushing the Japanese 
trusts through the roof; trusts 
invested in neighbouring 
Hong Kong and Malaysia take 
the booby prizes at the bottom 
end of the charts, along with 
the -Pacific, 'Australasian and 
commodity fimris. 

These funds have seen 


into Japan Performance 
Target Japan 
CS Japan 

j Japan 

F& Balanced Growth 

' I nt er na tional Growth 
IUK General 

147 JO 





Return calculated on an offer-fio-ofter basis, net income reinvested 
Source: Planned Savings 

lington at the ball before the 
baule of Waterloo — you stay 
at the party but you keep your 
boots near the door.” 

Investment adviser Peter 
Edwards of Premier Unit 
Trust Brokers is quite happy 
with the situation. “We are 
remaining folly invested with 
one third in each of the US 
and the UK with 20 percent in 
Japan. We have taken no 
liquidity," he says. 

He confirms that since early 
January when it became obvi- 
ous that the oil price was set to 
faJL. his clients have been folly 
invested and have remained 

But are share prices folly 
discounting the effects of the 
fall in oil prices? “No — 
because 1 don't think anyone 
knows yet at what price oil will 
settle.” he says. “It is perfectly 
possible that it will drift even 

He is recommending TR 
Smaller Companies in the 
UK, both the M & G Ameri- 
can funds and Target Ameri- 
can in the US as well as Baring 

Japan Sunrise and Baring 
Japan Special in Japan, with 
GT Germany for a bit of 
European interest 

Investment adviser. Peter 
Hargreaves of Hargreaves 
Lansdown, has a slightly dif- 
ferent explanation for the 
euphoria in the UK market. "1 
think the UK marker is attrac- 
tive to a lot of foreign inves- 
tors because if the oil price 
continues to fall it is good for 
UK companies and ifit rises it 
is good for sterling.” 

He is. however, recom- 
mending a shift of emphasis 
for UK investors who he 
believes should put a little 
more into Japan 

His recommended portfolio 
would have 40 per cent in the 
UK. with 20 per cent in each of 
the US, Japan and Europe. He 
likes most of the Mercury and 
the M &. G American funds, 
going for the Baring and 
Baillte Gifford trusts in Japan 
and Sun Life and Target 
European funds. 

However, before you rush 
off and invest in unit trusts it 
is worth taking a closer look at 
the statistics. Perhaps the 
most telling figure of all is the 
fact that even in markets 
which have risen virtually 
without a break since the 
beginning of the year, only 120 
out of 863 unit trusts have 
managed to outperform the 
FT Ordinary Index - less than 
14 per cent. 

Admittedly many of the 
trusts are invested exclusively 
overseas - but similarly, most 
of those trusts that have 
outperformed the index are 
precisely these overseas in- 
vested trusts. Out of the 120 
trusts that have outpeformed 
the FT Ordinary index since 
the beginning of the year only 
55 could be described as 
invested in the UK and a 
significant proportion of these 
are income foods. 

It doesn't say much for the 
fond managers' and makes a 
powerful case for an “index 
fund” — one which simply 
invests in the constituents of 
the FT index. 

Lorna Bourke 

Why you should meet 
outside the office 


As a result of a recent court 
ruling it now pays partner- 
ships and small businesses io 
hold weekend or overnight 
conferences — rather ihan 
working lunches. 

The case of Watkis v 
Ashford Sparkesand Haruard 
concerned a firm of solicitors. 
The partners were seir-em- 
ployed and therefore as Sched- 
ule D taxpayers one of the 
facts they had to prove to the 
court was that the expenses 
they claimed as deductions 
were “wholly and exclusively 
laid out or expended for the 
purpose of the trade, profes- 
sion or vocation.” 

The solicitors sought to 
offset the cost of various lunch 
meetings at which the partners 
discussed business and their 
evening business meetings fol- 
lowed by dinner. The court 
held that the food and drink 
was not a deductible expense 
because it did not satisfy “the 
wholly and exclusively” crite- 
ria - it look the place of meals 
which would have been con- 
sumed in any event. 

But the partners also went 
on an annual weekend confer- 
ence — with their wives and 
children. They stayed in a 
hotel because the purpose of 
the meeting was to diesuss 
particularly important issues 
affecting the business 2 nd 
“continuity of these discus- 
sions was of considerable 
importance and value”. 

The court accepted that the 
cost of overnight accommoda- 
tion for the partners was 
“wholly and exclusively” in- 
curred for business purposes 
and was therefore deductible. 

They went a step further 
and confirmed that if the hotel 
bill is reasonable, the amount 
will usually be allowed in full 
without being broken down 
into accommodation on the 
one hand and food and drink 
on the other. 

Patrick Way. a tax partner 
at Nabarro Nathanson. said: 
"What the Revenue is looking 
to see is the main purpose of 
the taxpayer when incurring 
the expense. 

”!n the case of food and 
drink it is very hard to say that 
the main reason for incurring 
the expense is a business one; 
obviously the individual 
would have eaten anyway. 
However, if the taxpayer goes 
away to a conference, the cost 
of the hotel accommodation is 
over and above that which he 
would have ordinarily 

“In these circumstances, 
where food and drink is 
consumed as well provided 
that the bill is reasonable, the 
Revenue does allow all the 
costs. The motto therefore 
may well be for Schedule E 
taxpayers to have their impor- 
tant firm business meetings 
away from the office.” 

Furthermore, if you are self- 
employed you should be able 
to deduct the cost of travelling 
to the conference, provided 
you travel to the meeting from 
your place of work and not 
from home. 

“Everyone is conferencing” 
said Gill Smiilie. a partner in 
the Dorking-based conference 
organizers Conference Venues 
Countrywide. “There has 
been an unprecedented boom 
in conference business.” 

The reason for the increased 
popularity of overnight con- 
ferences could well be as a 
result of a court case. Gill 
Smiilie said firms are increas- 
ingly requesting hotels with 
leisure facilities for their con- 

Lord Denning said in the 
Watkis case: “If the purpose is 
exclusively business and any 
personal benefit or enjoyment 
is incidental, then the confer- 
ence expenditure can be 

At the top end of the 
market. luxury country house 
hotels such as Ellington Park, 
near Stratford, charge £90 a 
delegate a day. This includes 
VAT. all meals, conference 
room hire and the use of 
leisure facilities such as indoor 
swimming pool- 

Another recent trend Gill 
Smiilie has noticed is that 
fewer delegates are accompa- 
nied by their wives. 

Sue Fleldman 

Marriage allowance hitch 

A little-noticed consequence 
of the . proposed switch . io 
transferable income tax allow- 
ances, as proposed by the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer 
in the Green Paper on person- 
al-tax reform^: published Ion 
Budget jday,. is the adverse 
effect this could have on single 
pareras. r 

■ At 'present, single parents; 
with dependent children re^ 

personal allowance and re- 
placing it with extra social- 
security beneflts.This 
approach. It is said, would 
have the advantage of remov- 
ing support for single parents 
from tbe-_ tax system and 
concentrating it on the bene- 
fits system;, it' would simplify 


' the tax system; give help to 

an additional personal 
ance, of £1,320 in 1986/87. 
This increases the., tax allow- 
ances available forsingle par*, 
ents to the equivalent of the 
married man's allowance- 
The Green Paper, like its 
1980 predecessor, proposes! 
getting rid of the additional 

those-'single parents who do 
not pay tax, and;rednce thetax 
penalty on marriage. 

The latter point refers to 
cases of men and women with 
children from previous mar- 
riages who decide to live 
together. Under foe present 
system, they each get the 
. equivalent of the married 
man's aiUowfojce, unless they 

There are difficulties with 
the proposed system of trans- 
ferable allowances as it would 
affect single parents. 

The first is that many 
working single parents are 
proud to be independent of 
the social security system. The 
new system would force them 
into claiming benefits. 

Second, the new system 
would allow a man to leave his 
wife and marry again, at which 
point he would have two 
single allowances to set against 
income. His first wife, mean- 
while, has one allowance to set 
against her income, irrespec- 
tive of the number of children- 

David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

Harvard Securities • 


Published Rxtnighify. Specialises in identifying short/ 
medium term capital gains situations. 

For Free Sample Copy & Subscriptionr Details 
contact:- Robert Speirs on 01-928 4003. 


Licensed Dealer in Securities 
BrtMn’s laoiing UcsoMdDadar 









. 12 »% 

Adam & Company. 

.-11 WX> 

Citibank Sawingst — 11.95% 

Consolidated Crds 11w% 

Continental Trust 11W% 

Co-operative Bank 11h% 

C. Hoare & Co 11*% 

LLoyds Bank 11»% 

Nat Westminster 

Bank of Scotland — 1lw% 
. .... . , 1114% 

Citibank NA. 


t Mortgage Base Rate. 

Objective The only UK investment trust which has an objective of investing mselettedc 

haveb^W" Steriiag 
temfthus proving an opportunity to mv=t at 
nasombfc values. Over the kwmwi.iU. 
portfolio of quality investments, the future looks 

promising* - . • . • . 

ftrfomraiKe oyer year. . 

Stock markets (weighted, in Sterling 
Net Asset Value 
Dividend per share LnetJ 

-. 22 % 




ft, 50** 




KOREA 14% 






investment management worldwide 


Name ■ - * 7 " • ” 



_L¥A _i_J 

t r 



All-Out Capital Growth, with a Touch of French Flair 


ramlington European Fund aims for 
maximum capital growth through invest- 
ment in shares quoted on the principal 
European stock markets. 

Europe is now one of the most popular areas 
for investment- But it is a diverse and complex 
market: for investment success strong links with 
the continent are highly desirable. Framlington's 
are with Credit Commercial de France, enabling 
us to combine CCFs expertise and knowledge 
of the European market with our own eminently 
effective approach to long term capital growth. 

Our special style is to concentrate on smaller 
companies and try to identify those with really 
good growth prospects before the rest of the 
market recognises their promise, aiming for 
exceptional capital growth performance. 

The results of this have been good, especially 
over the long terra. 


The two previous Framlington funds which have 
most closely followed this approach have been 
Capital Trust, investing in UK. shares; and 
American and General Fund, investing in the 
US. A Both have done well. 

Over the ten years to 1st March Framlington 
Capital Trust was the very best performing of 
all the 273 unit trusts monitored by Money 
Managentent over the period. It turned an 
original investment of £1,000 into £11 .415. 

And over seven years, our American & 
General Fund (started 1978) was one of the 
two best performing unit trusts out of the 27 
investing in North American shares. It turned 
£1,000 into £4,544. 

(II per cent). Switzerland (13 per cent) and 
Germany (II per cent), with smaller holdings 
in Belgium. Sweden. Spain. Holland and Norway 
There is currently a substantial flow of new 
money into the fund. As this is invested, the pro- 
portions will change. In particular, the proportion 
invested in Germany is likely to be increased. 
The fund has powers to invest in Britain but 
will not do so for the present. 

You can make a lump sum investment simply 
by completing the form below and sending it 
to us with your cheque. Units are allocated at 
the price ruling when we receive your ordec 
The minimum investment for a lump sum is 
£500. There is a discount of 1 per cent for 
investments of £10.000 or more. 


S tarting a monthly savings plan is 
equally easy. The minimum is £20 
per month, with a discount of 1 per 
cent for contributions of £100 or 
more. Accumulation units are used and are 
allocated at the price ruling on the 5th of 
each month. To start your plan, complete the 
application and send it with your cheque for 
the first contribution. Subsequent contribu- 
tions are by the direct debit mandate which 
we shall send to you for your signature. 

Investors should regard all unit trust invest- 
ment as long rerm. They are reminded that the 
price ol unirs and rhe income from them can go 
down as well as up. 

On 1 April the price of both income and 
accumulation units was 55-Sp. compared with 
50.0p whenrhetundwaslaunchedon February 14. 
The estimated gross yield was 0.95 per cent. 

Applications will be acknowledged; certificates for 
lump-sum investments will be senr by the registrars, 
Lloyds Bank Pic, normally within M2 days. 

The minimum initial investment is £500. Units may 
he bought and sold daily Prices and yields will be 
published daily in leading newspapers. When units are 
sold hack to the managers payment is normally made 
within 7 days of receipt of the renounced certificate. 
Savings plans can he cashed in at any time. 

Income net of basic rare tax is distributed to holders of 
income units annually on 15 July. The first distribution 
will be on 15 July. 1987. 

The annual charge is 1% l + VAT) of the value of the 
fund. The initial charge, which is included in the offer 
price, is 5%. 

Commission is paid to qualified intermediaries at the 
rate of 1 ! m% Iplus VAT). Commission is nor paid on 
savings plans. 

The trust is an authorised unit trust constituted by 
Trust Deed, h ranks as a wider range security under the 
Trustee Investments Act, 1961. The Trustee is Lloyds 
Bank Pic. The managers are Framlington Unit 
Management Limited. 3 London Wall Buildings, 
London EC2M 5NQ. Telephone 01-628 5! 81. 
Telex 8812599. Registered in England No 895241. 
Member of the Unit Trust Association. 

This offer is not open to residents of the Republic of 




I wish to Invest 

in Framlington European Fund 


The manager of the fund is Philippe Herault, who 
has been seconded from Credit Commercial de 
France. He is oar link into CCFs research, while 
working in London with the other Framlington 
fund managers. 

The fund will have a bias towards smaller 
companies: it is, for example, authorised to 
invest in the French Second Marche. 

In geographical terms the current emphasis of 
investment is on France (37 per cent), Italy 

I enclose my cheque payable to Framlington Unir 
Management Limited. 1 am over IS. For accumulation 
units in which income is reinvested, tick here D 

I wish to start a Monthly Savings Plan for 

in Framlington European Fund 
(minimum £20 j 

I enclose my cheque for £ for my first 

contribution I this can be for a laiger amount than 
your monthly payment). I am over 18. 

Surname [ Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ti de ). 

Full first name(s). 




(Joint applicants should ell sign and if neccessery give details sepanutyt 

T 5/4 





This advertisement is published by N.M. Rothschild & Sons Liraited and i. Henry Schroder VVagg & Co. Limited on behalf of Hanson Trtist PLC. The Directors orHanson TVusI PLC are the persons responsibly for 
To the best of their knowledge and belief ( having taken all reasonable ca re to ensure that such is the case) the informatio n contained in this advertisement is in accordance with the faets ^TheDiroctoraofliansQP ~ 

v • *~r 


•. : - TT 









. -■/ VA 

When you examine it closely, the United 
Biscuits argument soon starts to crumble. 

They have no experience of tobacco and 

No record of acquiring or managing 
diversified businesses. 

And little chance of creating “global 
brands” (Even together, “United Imperial” would 
be dwarfed by the international food giants.) 

Now look at Hanson Trust’s argument. 

Our shareholders have seen their dividends 
grow by 28.7%p.a. over the last 5 years. 

Our earnings per share have grown by 
33.9%p.a. over the last 5 years. And our record of 
growth in profits has been unbroken for 22 years. 

United Biscuits’ so-called commercial logic? 
Or Hanson Trust’s actual financial logic? 

We recommend you accept the 
Hanson Trust bid before the next 
closing date on April 11. 


O N 

T R U 





1 » i » 

. :i 



. i ii r* 

, vj!’> 
\ i S- 

rl \ ■ 


.. ,;*i! U>- ; 


* EEJ 

W ^ at a difference 10 years can 
make. This was when a hanir 
a wife and two 
to support could find 
"f. Jrtile change from a 
s*bry of just over £8.000 a 
' - « was 1976 and the 

°nr Chancellor, Denis 
Healey was expected to tax 

tarfL- 0 " 818 ' 5 “ * 
Bank managers up and 
wto the country were getting 
ready to trade in their desir- 
able detached residences for 
something more modest 
U did not happen, but ft was 
about this time that a very 

at end of tunnel 

owl wmtm mm mmuts. now 

/ns "You CM1SMT ftMMC US U(K. 

* one of the high street banks 
and living in the home coun- 
ties started keeping detailed 
records of his family’s budgeL 

In 1976 be earned £8.041 a 
year; with taxable benefits of 
.”20 a year for his bank car 
and private medical insur- 
ance. He took borne £442 a 
month. He lived in a five- 
bedroom detached house and 
his low 2-5 per cent bank 
mortgage cost him only £1 06 a 
month. Even so, at the end of 
the month he bad just £18 to 
buy the family's clothes, shoes 
and presents, and nothing left 
for saving. 

Today his salary has risen to 
£24,240 a year with taxable 
fringe benefits of £480 for his 
car and £240 for his private 
medical insurance. His take- 
home pay is £ 1 399 a month. 

He earns another £125 a 
month from shares, building- 
society accounts and his annu- 
al bonus. He lives in the same 
house and his. mortgage repay- 
ments of £106 a month have 
paled into insignificance. Now 
be has a surplus of £532 at the 
end of the month. 

He said: “Ten years ago we 
were scrimping and saving. 
Now we hardly know what to 
do with our money. We could 
buy a larger house: But with 
the children grown up and 
working and soon to move 
away, we oughtto be thinking 
of buying something smaller 

“Nor do we spend much 
more on food. Ten years ago 
our monthly food bills came 
to £108. They more than 
doubled over the next five 
years and by 1981 we were 
spending £232 a month. Now 
our supermarket bills come to 
£256. but the children chip in 

£108 a month." 

“Our major expense and 
luxury is holidays. Money 
nsed to be so tight that 1 putan 
amount every month into .a 
special holiday fund. If I 
hadn’t, we would never have 
taken a holiday, hr 1 976 1 used 
to put aside £30 a month — 
£360 a year. Now that I feel so 
much better off! don't budget 
for holidays any more. 

“Even so, last year we spent 
nearly five times as much on 
holidays as we did 10 years 

*1 spent a week bird-watch- 
ing in Spam, which cost £500. 
My wife and I spent a week in 
Scotland - that cost £400. 
Then my wife went visiting 
friends in the United Slates 
for a couple of weeks. I gave 
her £500 towards the trip. And 
she went for a week to Norway 
with her choir, which cost 

“Now Pm off again — this 
time for a week bird-watching 
in IsraeL It a my most 
expensive trip — it's going to 
knock me back more than 

“Bind- watching is my pas- 
sion. I nsed to be what the 
bird-watching fraternity call a 
Twitcher* — someone who 
rushes off to the far corners of 
the country at the first sighting 
of a lesser spotted something. 
T whehers spend a fortune on 
petrol driving around the 



1976 1981 













Holiday fund 

TV rental 





Life insurance 




Pocket money 
























Water rates 




School lunches 
TV licence, 
insurance and 























Net safety 




safety 8041 15474 24240 

maudM wirings 

“ Ten years ago I was still a 
twitcher and my petrol bills 
came to £16 a month. Now 
I've calmed down, and the 
petrol bills have gone up to 
only £28 a month. 

“1 now compare notes with 
other bird-watchers by tele- 
phone. We do a lot of local 
committee work, which also 
involves being on the tele- 
phone a lot. 

“ As our petrol bill has gone 
down in real terms, so our 
phone bills have gone up. Ten 
years ago our quarterly bills 
came to about £30. Now they 
come to more than £100. 
Some of that is the cost of 
renting another little luxury: 
ray cordless telephone. 

“When we didn't have 
much money we didn't drink. 
Now we have the money we 
are modest drinkers, mainly 
gin and sherry. But when I sat 
down and worked out this 
budget ! was horrified to find 
that we were spending £60 a 
month on drink. That would 
have been out of the question 
10 years ago. 

“I also keep a detailed 
record of all bills over £100. 
Last year there were not many 
big items. We bought a new 
shower unit for £1 85 and there 
was a bill for £120 for repair- 
ing and servicing my son's 

There are not many of us 
who have the advantage of a 
2.5 per cent mongage rate. 
And it is not much consola- 
tion to know that 10 years ago 
our bank manager was dose to 
knocking on his bank 
manager's door. 

But his carefully kept 
records do show how much 
the seemingly endless finan- 
cial squeeze of bringing up 
children can suddenly ease. 


Running forraoney has proved 
twscasfssgly popular as ' a 
means funds for a 

variety el good causes. There 
wifi be a number of sponsored 
runners in die 26 mile London, 
roarathoa on Aprff 20. 

Of the - estimated. 25JM0 
people running, only 2*506 win . 
be women. Bat 15 of them and 
(wo men wfil be running for the 
Fawcett library Appeal — the 
only historical aidiive of the 

A run for their money 

women's movement Haring 
bade to 1870. They hope to 
raise £5^000 with £500 over- 
heads for printing and 

. . Their runners include peace 
campaigner -Madge Sharpies 
from Winchester, aged/ 69, 
who has ran 31 marathons 
since her first in 1981. She is 

prond to commemorate 
Emmeline Pankhurst- 

A couple from Manchester, 
Margaret and John Richard- 
son, will be commemorating 
respectively the Manchester 
suffragette Hannah Mitchell 
and Mr Morrissey, arrested 
80 years age for trying to raise 

the issue of voles for women 

For complete lists of runners 
and sponsorship forms please 
contact the organizer Dr Ange- 
la Richardson (telephone 01- 
993 2361) or write to her c/o 
Fawcett library. City of Lon- 
don Polytechnic, Old Castle 
Street, London El 7NT (01- 
283 1030 x570X 

Jennie Hawthorne 

TM nOmliw ifUi 

fepaUnhrd b»‘ VM-Rurim-MU * Sw» IjnM and J.llmn Srtendn- Hint CaUmitrt •ntrtoKorifcnaai ThiU.PlUTTwIhn^tannr (Unwin TVirS HXarrfer pmo» 
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ihto«dmti M wwwa»>etnriMiCTwMhlbr[^7VDtwrc»wofH«»»OBT>wBPU:«cce|«»wp wwa B « »» H- w tna m: 

Mindfulthat share prices can vary daily, we are publishing a bulletin 
showing the value of each of the offers for your company. 

In order to be perfectly fair, the values we’ve quoted are based on the 
best possible offers. 

The next closing date of our offer is ApriJ 11 at 5 pm. 


378*5 1? 




Figures based tut the market prn-o (it 5.10pm «n Friday. 

H \ \ S~Q~ 

N T R U S T 

7: O N T I > L I N G -O R ° w T H F R O M }B \ S I C BISINESSKS. 

. Ul^Bfcculls’fllfrra drprad po ttalr raperttve stair pliers. Tt* olxw 9«rr '**»« SharrandCommiUr SiiwLEk-riiOn 

Tbr lataaccwiwor esumairsfa* Hour Gwrtt Lid. sTibr whies* Ihr irtnmt erdnwn stair pnw, of ita 10% eomrmWr tart stork of 

andVw**® BBCU *r 1 Hsnso<i and tta i-onnHifajp prrfmrd sftare*. of L rifled Bwrurtx 

•:©© © ©©!©:© OiOiO 000003 0 3:913 9 

¥)ut?eBetterOffWith An Investment 
ThatWorks 24 Hours AIM 

Inventing in the until!'- -tin-kmarkr-i* i- umlmibti'dlv one of 
the best ways of making your satin"* "rot*, t Ker I he last five tear* 
the LLk- stoek market has ri-en 162’ ». Amerira Io2"o ami Cermam 
.115%.“ Compare this with a Build hu; Sorif J\ -lure aemunt jvtuni 
nf just 47% 01 er the *amr jw-riiul. 

The problem fur must |m>|ile. whether they are first time in- 
vestufs or not. i> that ehi m u-inj; ! he m« «st pn uni-ing -Iin-L- deniam!- 
a high degree of specialist know !(•,{»<• and a great deal of time. 

Fidelity Managed Internal iunal Trust offers vuu a wav mum! 
this pmhlem. The Trust aim?- to pmviiie maximum eapital growth 
through an actively managed portfolio of Mim-Ls selei'teij f^m 
the world's stock markets. 


Of cuuise. tu manage an inirniational fund suiressfullv 
reijuires considerable skiils. Tlie Tm-t draws upon FiiMityV 
strengths as une of the larj*-n imr-ttnenl management groups 
in the world, with imesunent uffiee. in all the world*? major 
financial centres. VU- are therefor*- in a po-ition to know which 
skKrk markets offer the must potential- arid tu make sure your 
money is there, working for you. 


The perfurmanre of Managed International Trust highlights 

the -ins-e— of our ime-lment philo-oph\. l’h«-r the pa-t on#* 
and two yean*, the Trn-t i? r.mkeil 4th ami 2nd in its sector. 
(Source; FIjiiniil Fuving-. March I’Wfii. Ami *ince launch in 
Octolier J‘W{2. llie Trust h;L> pp-luciij an jnmuli-eil n-lum *»f 
over 3*J°ii. 

SFEiJI AI. DIwl :i H NT - 1\\ KST 

The minimum imc-itm-nt fur Manageii Inleriuiioiiai Trust 
L>oiili LVn>. 

Hi give your iioc-l tin -lit a liejiJ -tart. Fidel it\ i- eurrentlv 
offering a sj^s-ijl I", rli^r.-i unit tin all in\>>1nu-nis in Managed 
Internal iunal Tm-t- hut mu mu.-t n-ply imw ipialifv. Si return 
ysiurctimpleii-«l roiipm indav -•ii-.-ounl end- II1I1 April 1**.%. 

AltiTiiatiw-l\. pin >iu- Fidelity', inve-tne-ui .nhi-*T» mi tail!- j 
free OWN! 414161. Iielween I'l.fHf 
and I.IMI p.m. oil Salurdais ,ir 
lietwcf-n a.rii. ami 5..|n p.m. 

Mi mi I at to Frit lav. 

V.u -hmihl liear in mind 
that the |>rii-e of units aiu! llu- 
imume from tliem ean gu down 
as well a- up. 

tu -if rlmp If nil-. 


i'iFNFRU. INPmmnoS A w rt w l n>4> W ml i^rUH. hifohft ..ill i 

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. ISik AHiwLSaiNUrHo 

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TELM'HMM;: IMtHi tnifil 

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flrr »««in wll»in- 4 h ihrllTI Mrmhn -4 ihr t iui TniM Am niumi 
IHim-BMofS-oii.n-d dral.ul |K- K-^hWk-iiI IninJ 

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nuill'yauLI. Ii. (rlrlltl llll.m.- 1 -ilu! 
-MUiurmsni Linulnl 
Miiuniuna immum-ai i- V.V*i 

S?) Fidelity 


O nly the best unit trust managers produce funds that are consistently successful. 
That’s why “What Investment’s” comprehensive five year performance 
study makes Gartmore “Fund Management Group of the Year” 

We have investment specialists managing 21 unit trusts covering all the world’s 
major markets from investment offices in London, Glasgow, Hong Kong, Tokyo, 
San Francisco and Sydney. And with more than £22 billion investor’s money 
under group management, that means success in anyone’s language. 

Iota] rerum on 
£1000 after 5 years 

Some of Gartmore s 
top performing funds 

*TotaI return on 
£1000 after 5 vears 

Gartmore Income Fund 

£3461 i 

Gartmore Japan Trust 

£3300 I 

Gartmore British Trust 

£2665 f 

Gartmore Global Fund 

£2328 F 

'Oiler to bid, net income reinvested, 1/1/8] to l-'l-'$&. Source: Money Management Magazine 




Imnme a-^umed ai 
Quiver (he h.'iujI 
BuilJini: Su.ii.-n 
ordinary tiiaic uic. 

For more information on Gartmores top performing unit trusts, 

telephone 01-623 1212 or send this coupon to Gartmore Fund Managers Limited, 

2 Sl Mary Axe, London EC3A 8BP 

Name Mr/Mrs/Mi ss/T tie ; 





The Fund Managers 

1> The Guinness best and final offer is worth 770p per Distillers 
share. The Argyll best and final offer is worth 732p per Distillers 
share. The Guinness offer is better by 38p. 

2 ♦The Guinness offer is unanimously recommended by the 
Board of Distillers. The Argyll offer is unanimously rejected by 
the Board of Distillers. 

3^ Guinness and Distillers will form an enterprise of wof Id scale, 
in terms of both its size and its activities. It will be one of the 15; 
largest companies in Britain and one of the top 70 in the world. 
With a market value of over £3 billion it will be worth more than 
1% of all the U.K. companies quoted on the stock market 

4* The current Guinness management team has a proven track 
record in turning around a drinks business and establishing 
sustained growth. In the last four years earnings per share have 
risen by 169%, dividends have risen by 47% and the share price 
has shown an almost six-fold increase. 

5* Like Guinness, the core assets of the Distillers company are 
its premium international brands. • 

As a result, the Guinness management team is uniquely 
equipped to rationalise, manage and build Distillers business 
around the world. 

Accept the Guinness final offer now 


Guinness is good for Distillers. 


This advertisement is published by Morgan Grenfell fist Co Limited and The British Linen Bank Ltd on behalf of Guinness PLC. The Directors of Guinness PLC are the persons responsible for the information contained in rhi 

their knowledge and belief (having taken all reasonable care to ensure that such is the easel the information contained in this advertisement is in accordance with die facts. The Directors of Guinness PLC uTI t ^ ,CITien 5' ^ 3est 

The values of Guinness’ and 


Argyll's offers depend on their respective share prices The above offer values are for Guinness' Offer, assuming acceptance in full by all Distillers shareholders of the Convertible Preference 

allocation oi the Guinness Convertible Preference Shares, and Argyll’s offer based on the middle market prices taken from Hie Stock Exchange Daily Official List on 4th April, 1986' resu ^ an *-P ro K 

The Offer values take account of estimates by Ubod Mackenzie &. Co. Limired and Cacenove &. Co. of the values, based on the relevant ordinary share prices, of the Convertible Preference Shares of Guinness and the Con ble 

Sources: Fortune. Datastream. Guinness Offer Documents and Internal Documents. Guinness Annual Report. Stock Exchange Quarterly Decrl985i — VE ! D . . _ re ^ rence shares of Argyll 




Men take up the fight 
in row over equality 


The normally sleep-indurinir 
V subject of pensions simply 
refuse to go away. Just when 
you thought ii was safe to go 
back to the personal finance 
sections of the. newspapers, 
pensions have resurfaced wnh 
a vengeance. This time the 
issue is equality. 

It was sparked off several 
weeks ago by a European 
Court of Justice ruling *♦»■« 
women should be allowed to 
retire at the same age as men 
mslea d as normally hap- 

pmmtfae UK, leaving wS 
at 60 while men are allowed to 
toil on until 65. That prompt* 
ed the Government this week 
to publish a consultative doc- 
_ urnent called Sex Discrimina- 
tion and Retirement which 
proposes to incorporate the 
European ruling into the Sex 
Discrimination JKU now be- 
fore Parliament. 

. The ' idea was quickly .- ax* 1 
tacked by a whole rang- of 
interests from trade unions to 
government bodies. But one 
of the most trenchant criti- 
cisms came from the Eqnal 
Opportunities. Commission. 
Somewhat uncharacteristica!- 
iy, the commission damned 
the document as being nrtfiwr 
to men and it pointed out tint ' 
if implemented it would, prob- 
ably turn out to be illegal 
»• anyway. 

Some consider the ' 
ruling illegal . 

“We have already had a lot 
of telephone calls from men. 
complaining that it would be 
unfair on them if women were 
allowed to work until 65,“ said 
Kath Farrell of the 

The reason is because 90 per 
cent of Britain's company . 
pension schemes work cm tire 
basis that women retire and 
take their pension at 60 and 
men at 65. If a woman was 
allowed, under the new law, to 
carry on working until 65 she. 
could still take her pension at 
i 60 while her male counter- 
parts would still have to wait 
an extra five years for theirs. 

This situation arises be- 
cause the European Court 
ruling and the Government’s 
document say nothing about 
pensions. They are exclusively 
concerned wrth equality of 
employment contracts. Nor 
do they say anything about 
giving men the option of 
retiring at 60 instead of 65.: . . 

The unfairness to men cre- 
ated by the effect of equal 
retirement ages on pensions is 
also probably -illegal, said 
Kath FarrelL The oommigkm- 
supported a case not tong ago 
of two female Lloyds Bank 
employees who complained 
that the bank made smaller 
pension contributions lor 
them than for their male 
counterparts. The case went to 
the European Court which 
decided that pension contri- 
butions counted as part of an 
employee’s pay. 

By making different pen- 
sion contributions for women . 
Lloyds was therefore contra- 

fiL C0Ufcr 

■ leave employment to bring np 
’■ a family,” said Mr Hopkins. 

The fourth choice would be 
to continue working until 65 
but take all or some of her 
pension at 60. “Many might 
chose to take their hemp «aim 
commutation at 60. It could 
come in rather useful at that 


vetting article .119 of the 
Treaty of Rome requiring 
equality Of pay between the 

. The ' implication of this 
judgment is that if women are 
entitled to take their pension 
and stiB continue to work 
employers can be aocused of 

HS S “ ian “ t stage,** said Mr Hopkins. “But 
anoo than men. __ _ few women are fikdy to start 

*£?-*■**■* thdr 
said Kath FarrelL “It is iB- 
ad vised of the Government to 
allow employers to have a 
different set of rules for the 
sexes in pension schemes.” 

This adverse judgment was 
echoed by Cfrtin Lever, chair- 
. man of the National Associa- 
tion of Pfcnsion Funds, which 
represents more than 90 per 
cent of neniparinnal schemes. 

“The Government's whole 
proposal is half-baked,” he 
said. “There is a wide drvera- 
ty in the waypension schemes 
operate but most of them 
would probably want to 
cfemg K their roles to give 
women the option of contrib- 
uting to their pension up to 
age 65 ” 

Clive Hopkins, vice-chair- 
man of the association, point- 
ed out that lengthening the 
retirement age would at least 
be simple and cheap for 
pension fends to adapt to — 
certainly not as difficult as 
coping with a shorte nin g of 
everyone’s retirem ent age. A 
woman would theoretically 
have four options to dose 
fr om. _ . 

Women could have 
four options 

She could simply retire at 60 
and take her pension as nor- 
maL Or foe could cany on 
working until 65, deferring her 
at 60 for five yean. 

and continue working. There 
would be five years of a salary 
and a pension but thereafter 
only a pension. Most women' 
would probably choose to 
carry on contributing to their 
pension to make it larger when 
they eventually retire — and I 
doubt they can do that if they 
are already drawing their 

Richard Thomson 


motoring ) 

Road users are increasingly at 
risk as more motorists break 
the law and foil to out 
proper motor insurance. Whh 
limited exceptions, anyone 
who uses a motor vehicle on a 
road in the UK has to have 
insurance to cover its use. 

The compulsory insurance 
is broadly to cover personal 
injury to third parties, al- 
though this bare minimum is 
not readily available from 
insurance companies. Most 
people are insured either 
“third party” — which would 
cover third-party property 
damage as well as personal 
fejury — or comprehensively. 

However, an increasing 
number of people are not 
bothering to insure, though 
the penalties can on convic- 
tion be disqualification and a 
fine up to £1,000. 

In 1984 in England and 
Wales there were 219.253 
convictions for using a motor 
vehicle without insurance and 
a further 22,300 written cau- 
tions. This must be the tip of 
the iceberg only. 

It is estimated that 10 per 
cent of motorists are unin- 
sured, so if you are involved in 
a road traffic accident the 
chances of the other driver 
being uninsured are not as 
remote as you might think. 

If an insured driver has the 
misfortune to be involved in 
an accident caused by the 
negligence of a motorist who is 
not insured, bow can that 
innocent party recover his 

After a crash, the 
greater shock 

H going to 
effect on 

In a “damage only" acci- 
dent the insured motorist can, 
if he has comprehensive insur- 
ance, claim on his own policy, 
although even then there may 
well be uninsured losses such 
as the excess on the policy and 
loss of no claims bonus. But 
what if the insured motorist is 
one of those 35 per cent of 
motorists who lave only third 
party insurance? 

The personal liability of the 
driver at fault is not affected 
by his lack of insurance and he 
can be sued for ail losses. 

Yet often the uninsured 
motorist is impecunious 
that’s probably why be is 
uninsured in the first {dace — 
and the innocent party may be 
just wasting money in trying 
to recover his losses by taking 
fruitless court proceedings. He 
may well end up footing the 
bills himself 

If the innocent motorist has 
the greater misfortune to be 
injured in an accident caused 
by the negligent driving of an 
uninsured driver, then at least 
so far as those personal inju- 
ries are concerned he can be 
assured of receiving appropri- 
ate compensation. 

The Motor Insurers’ Bureau 
was set up in 1946 by the 
insurance companies, with the 
agreement of the Govern- 
ment, as an extra-statutory 
body, specifically to compen- 
sate innocent victims of acci- 

dents involving uninsured 
drivers and of so-called hit- 
and-run drivers where the 
uninsured or untraced driver 
is at fault. 

Compensation is, however, 
payable only for those risks 
which a motorist has to insure 
against — in other words for 
personal injury only. 

The bureau derives its fends 
from the insurance companies 
which execute motor insur- 
ance policies and the cost is 
passed on to the motorist who 

That by itself is not| 
have a significant efiect on 
insurance premiums because 
most insurance policies al- 
ready cover this. 

But this change in definition 
to embrace third-party dam- 
age will have a substantial 
effect on the functions of the 
Motor Insurers* Bureau. It will 
be paying damages for person- 
al injuries as before but will 
also be liable to pay the cost of 
repairs to third-party property 
when the driver at fault is 
uninsured, regardless of 
whether anyone was injured. 

Anomalously, however, it is 
not proposed to extend this to 
cover cases of damage to 
p r o p er t y where there is a hit- 
and-run driver, on the rather 

spurious argument that it 
■d insures as part of the premium would open the way to fraud 
— required for i nsurance. How- by those who damaged their 

■ ouar RrininV —C 

ever, Britain’s membership of 
the EEC will be bringing 
changes to our laws on motor 
insurance which have re- 
mained substantially un- 
changed for over 50 years. 

On December 30, 1983, the 
Second European Community 
Motor Insurance Directive 
was adopted by member 
states. The changes required 
have to be brought into effect 
in the UK by December 31, 
1 988, at the latest. 

The most significant effect 
is to require Britain to extend 
the definition of compulsory 
third party insurance — the 
minimum insurance which 
every motorist must have — to 
cover not only personal injury 
to third parties, but also 
damage to third-party 

own property and then allege 
that an unidentified driver 
was responsible. 

There are also decisions to 
be made on other points such 
as whether there will be an 
excess on property damage 
claims — it seems almost 
certain there will be one. 

Nonetheless, it seems likely 
they will be broughi into effect 
welt before the deadline of 
December 31, 1988. When 
they are in force, the Motor 
Insurers' Bureau will be pay- 
ing out perhaps very substan- 
tial additional sums. 

The bureau's funding ar- 
rangements will not be chang- 
ing and thus the effect on the 
motorist who does insure will 
be that there will inevitably be 
a sharp increase in the cost 

Ian Brewer 

First public 
offer of 

tlur fresh approach 
to Europe can get your 
money growing 

in doing this because it would 
do nothing to enhance her 
final pension rights despite the 
extra five years of work. More 
likely she would choose to 
continue contributing to her 
pension for the five extra years 
to increase the value of the 
final payout 
“Many women ought wel- 
come the chance to do this 
since their pension contribu- 
tions have often been disrupt- 
ed earlier in life when they 





The prospect for investors in trie Ikiited States Stodcmartet 

this year lodes particularly favourable. F^ctxxs whfch fead us 
to this view include:- 

The fan in the value of the DqBar - which 
is helping to restore the competitiveness of US 

The faD tn world oil prices - which should have 
a beneficial impact on economic growth and 
help preserve kw levels of inflation. ... 

An expectation of a significant rise in cor- 

norate earnings -evkjax» of which hasali«ifly 
begun to< " ‘ * 1 "' ' ”* 


While ihe« aw interesting opportunities lntheBri^c«tq»nirahai€dir 

around 30 aich stockB to acfticw concentrated 

Free Cassette . 


has recently returned from die US where he 
or , to iwmbi 

nra, ^ireci’w jour fi« ccooi compete 

and return the coupon Wowlfyw 

income from them can go down as 

Name: — 




F the last few years, the investment . 
climate in Europe has changed 
• dramatically. 

Private investment is now being 
actively encouraged, and a large number 
of companies are now issuing shares as a 
way of raising capital 

And Europe is enjoying sustained 
economic growth. 

This combination of increasing 
economic freedom and all-round growth 
has made today’s Europe a highly 
attractive investment proposition. 

And the promise of more certain 
political stability for most of the Continent 
makes this a good time to be getting into 

Which is why we are launching the 
new TSB European Unit Trust now. 

TSB’s view of Europe 

Not for us the fashionable choice of the 
moment, or the faddish flavour of the 

Because Europe is not one market, but 
many. This is why we aim to seek out 
those Continental companies which, 
because of their special positions within 
die European economic structure, look 
set to maintain improving growth. 

Europe’s best prospects 

By far the best prospects for profit lie in 
those European countries with sound 
industrial and commercial bases. And the 
promise of yet more growth to come. 

Germany, Switzerland, France, They have immediate access to the 

Holland, Italy, Sweden and the UK will be research and intelligence of some of the 

among the countries we’ll be working in 
to secure our prime objective: sustained 
and solid growth from a broad spread of 
carefully selected shares. 

Our experience in Europe 

Though TSB European Unit Trust is a 
new venture, we are not newcomers to 

We have already achieved considerable 
success on the Continent with over 
£68 million invested there through TSB 
Investment Management Limited, the 
Investment Managers to this Trust 

And we are well-placed to build on this 
profitable experience. 

Our Investment Managers 
have an extensive network of 
contacts across all the major 
markets of Europe. 

leading banks in Germany, France and 
Switzerland. And make regular visits to 
selected companies to assess their 
investment potential 

All of which means that a holding in 
the new TSB European Unit Trust could 
see you moving into profit through 1986, 
and the years ahead. 

Profits over the longer term 

Remember, the price of units and the 
income from them can go down as well as 
up. And you should regard your investment 
as being a medium to long term one. 

Which in this case, and in this trust, is 
a good thing. Because we believe our 
approach to Europe is one that will pay 
off over the longer term. 

Invest now at the initial price 

To make your investment in the new 
TSB European Unit Trust, simply 
complete the buying order below. (You’ll 
see we’re now offering you the opportunity 
to buy units with your Trustcard.) 

Act before April 15th 1986 and you'll 
be able to buy units at the fixed initial 
offer price of 50p. After that, units will be 
offered at the price ruling on the day we 
receive your order. 

You owe it to yourself to act today. 


M anag ere. TSB Unit Tnatt Limited (Members of flic 
Unit Trust Association). 

biatm afl Mana gp i: TSB faveamem Managanent 
. Limited. 

Trustees; Genet*] Accident Executor and Troaee 
Company Limited. 

Charges: There b a 5* initial charge; thereafter 1% per 
annum (phis VAT) of die Fund's value, deducted from 
(be Trusft income. IIk Tma Deed allows Tor a 
maximum dtarfr: of per amuinu the Managers 

will give mriiholderx ai least 3 wombs’ written notice 
of any change. These charges arc included In the offer 
price of units. 

Seffim; nafer Units can be sold baefc on any business 
dayat the bid price ruling on receipt of instructions. 

TSB Unit Trusts Limited is one of the most 
successful com p anies intis field. It g also one of 
ihe Largest Hinting in a conssemiy good 
performance, it looks after around £1,000 mfifion 
on behalf of people like you. And ills part of die 
group that likes to say *yesr 

. —’a * ; .• 

Payment will normally be made within 7 days of 
receipt Of a ren ou n c e d unit certificate. 

Cammkrioe: Payable to qualified agents at rates 
which are available on requesL 
Price/Yield: Until April 15th 1986. the initial offer 
price for Acctmmhtioa/lncome Units will be 50p and 
the estimated grass yield 1.60%. Thereafter, units will 
be allocated anhe offer price ruling on the date of 
receipt of applications. Prices and yield are quoted 
daily in the national press. 

Income: Fust distribution April 2nd 1987; ther ea fter 
income will be payable on April 2nd and October 2nd 
each year. ( 

R egis te red Office; Keens House, Andover, 

Hampshire SP10 IPG. Registered in England and 
Wales number 1629925. 






I""!* Ann Roberts. TSB Ural Trusts Limited, 

| Keens House, Andower, Hampshire SPI0 IPG. 

Mr/MaflUte/Ms. (ftittreieri- 

Tdt (0264) 63432/3/4 

I/We wish to invest 

I minim um £250) 


m ibe TSB EUROPEAN UNIT TRUST at the initial offer 
price of 50p per unit, provided 1/we invest on or before 
April 1 5th 1986. thereafter at the offer price ruling on 
receipt of this Buying Order. 

1/We endose 8 cheque payable to TSB Unit Trusts 

I imiwrt 

or - Please debit my TRUSTCARD account 


My card no. k = 




r w 

In the oar of joint applications, all applicants must sign 
and attach their nanus and addresses on a separate piece 
of paper. 

As a general rule. Accumulation Units, with income 
reinvest e d, win be tawed to all investors. If yon would 

prefer Income Units, with income distributed twice a r , 

year, pfcaseikk here. □ Ireland. 

This offer is only open to investors who arc iSycartof 
age or over. It is not open to residents of the Republic of 







NISSAN SUNNY 1300 GS — £5726 
VAUXHALL NOVA 1300 GL— £5939 



DAIH^=^wiKIVlAlm6 LE£5899 F 
ANZA1600GL— £6551 f 
~^XMi£ rjS-£6710 / 
.sAAr-iww — _ 



RENAULT 9 BROADWAY 1.6 D£6 130 5 
AUSTIN MONTEGO 160 0-p£629 gsgg 

\#A x 


IV lion A A I 



FORD ORION 1600 LD £6792 

AUSTIN MONTEGO 1600 L-£6799 












^ROVER 216 SE— 

__ ' _ _ _ _ _ 





^cmffiOMEO GUILIETTA 1.6-£7350 

FORD ORION 1600 GHIA £7875 

LANCIA PRISMA 1600 — —£6990 
AUSTIN ROVER 216 SE— £7187 


VAUXHALL CAVAUER 1.6 £6362^£^ 





^ •* 47 . • - ■> ,fcv._ 

As you can see, they were all in there pitching to 
become Which Car?s 'Best Buy’ - the Orion, Cavalier, 
Montego - family cars from Alfa to Volkswagen. 

But it took the Fiat Regata to show them all the 
way home with a combination of virtues that put the 
result beyond doubt 

To use Which Car?’s own words: 

"Performance is one of the Regatas strong suits 
..The twin cam 100 Super can manage a class-leading 
109 mph* and the 0-60 mph dash in under 10 secs!' 

"..ride comfort is good... and handling safe and 

"The Regatas interior is spacious. 
levels are high too. In total, the Regata is quiet and refined” 
'A truly massive boot makes the point that the 
Regata is a very competent load carrier as well.” 

"Fiat have gone to a lot of trouble to make the 
Regata one of the most refined economy machines in its 
class...AII versions return very good fuel economy, however 
hard they are driven” 

And to sum up: 

"Buy a Regata and you get a lot of car for your 
money. All models are well equipped when compared 
with rivals and although the Repta never sets out to be 

a massive car it uses its interior space to great effect 
In addition, all models are pleasant to drive, handle 
predictably and shouldn't cost a fortune to run” 

Neither will they cost a fortune to buy. 
Your Fiat dealer can show you all five 13 and L6 
litre Regata saloons and two estates at prices that 
start at £5,695? 

But talk to him now - he may be able to 
tempt you even more with a very special offen 

c hoose a Repta and you’ll drive 
away with Which Car?s assurance that you couldn't have 
made a better decision. 

!3 From £5,695 




Ereysa rands smoe Jammy 1982 ‘Planned Saying;’ magazine assesses the perfonram cg oft fae 
leading suit mist pcwfoBo managers- R*jgnlar|y Richards Longstaff Unit Inst PortfuGu 
Management walk away iddi the winner's bunds for Capita] Growth. 5ocee» in the ejuafei 
world 01 anil trusts necessitates specialist professional advice oa the choke from over 600 foods 
and nun rapid m prospects for interozdonaJ stcickmariuets. We ue eves dor defighccd 
that our Pbrtfobo Management Service s providing consisten t long term nine. 

£10,000 mvested m mir competition portfolio on 4 Jamary 1982. wadd 
harcbeea wortl) £33,303 on the la Jntory 1988. 

^ i - - , 


r\ i a.. 

: - oL~i? 

3Ti * ; 

v — -i . 

*sp^ ; ■■■■ 



. asset hacked projects. But it is 
r significant that in its most 
recent utterance on the subject 
the Inland Revenue has stated 
that the Finance Bill will 
include a power to change the 
proportion in the test — by 
statutory instrument. 

One offer remaining open — 
at least for the early days of the 
new tax year — is a project to 
establish a chain ofquick print 
shops called Sir Speedy Print- 
ing Centres. 

The company is looking for 
up to £2 million to exploit a 
licence to use various print- 
related trademarks and 
tradenames in western Eu- 
rope. The licence comes from 
Sir Speedy Inc, which accord- 
ing to the prospectus, “ is 
recognized as the fastest grow- 
ing quick print franchise in the 
US.” The idea, at this stage, is 
to set up a chain of Sir Speedy 
print shops in London and 
branch out to the the UK and 
other European outlets. Five 
outlets have already been 
bought and the minimum 
subscription of £300,000 is 
already underwritten. 

As BES issues go this one- 
certainly has some distinctive 
features. First, although share- 
holders are being asked for £1 
a share, the directors, sponsors 
and various other interests 
have acquired or been allotted 
shares, either at. 2p or 25p a 
share. The sponsors say it is 
difficult to give a breakdown 
as to whom exactly paid what 

Either way,- 3.5 million 
shares have been issued at a 
substantial discount to the 
current offer price. Why is 
this? -v . 

“When we put our money . 
up there was no business, mo 
shops, no . company,” says 
Daniel Montano of sponsors 
Montano Securities. .. who 
points out that the BES issuejs 
really the third round . of. 


f Invest with \ 
The Winning Team 

Richards Longstaff 
Unit Trust Portfolio 
v Management 

finance for the business. 
“Shouldn't the question be 
whether the investors are go- 
ing to get a profit?” 

. Sir Speedy has certainly 
bought the leases of a number 
of outlets and is operational in 
London. But the balance sheet 
in the prospectus shows that 
as at September 30, 1985 there 
had been no turnover. The 
leases were acquired after this 
date. - 

- “In the US the normal 
formula is that the investors 
pay half their money for 
brains and half for capital 
Over here everyone thinks 
that brains count for nothing. 
L sincerely believe that some- 
one who pays £1 for his share 
will have a share worth £10 in 
five years.” 

Mr Montano also poims out 
that the BES company does 
have an option to buy back 
2, 100,000 shares held by some 
of the directors and Montano 
Corporation — the parent 
company of the sponsors — for 
a nominal sum if the shares in 
the company do not increase 
by a certain value after the 
expiry of six years. 

In feet it is only if the shares 
in the BES company have 
quadrupled. in value that, in 
. theory at least, those subject to 
the option will not be subject 
to a clawback of their 
shareholdings. Bui will the 
option in practice be 

Assuming that the full sub: 
scripiion is reached, Montano 
Corporation the directors and 
a Trust which is underwriting 
the offer, will between them 
have 49.85 per cem of the 
share capital of the company 
and m theory, be able to block 
the exerase- ty thecompany of 
the option. : 

However, according to 
Daniel Montano, the option 

* *■ • • k • IT .VA . ! , >■ U. r MAT 


I' uU i ' iii 4i i M.K > 



a Unit Trust 

TrusKovofcflte Outet pertee. 
imowteagsai madeteond reseatfl 
(aaWesconosSGt nocnewngme 

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our wren 


FREE copy OF -uni t investor- 


tiicu* aaonm- 

UVtrv***®*2JV_ 1, 

will be triggered automatically 
if the increases are not reached 
and any change in the option 
terms would leave the spon- 
sors open to an action for 
issuing a misleading prospec- 
tus. Moreover, the option 
framework, rather than an 
outright gift, was decided 
upon for legal reasons. 

Finally, intermediaries who 
pul in applications for more 
than 25,000 shares will, in 
addition to commission, be 

riven warrants to subscribe 
for shares at £1 or £1.50 
(depending on the date they 
choose to exercise them) at the 
rate of one warrant for every 
10 shares applied for through 

Giving _an intermediary 
what is effectively a no-risk 
handout, on top of commis- 
sion, is hardly an encourage- 
ment to provide objective 
independent advice. 

Lawrence Lever 

Imagine walking into a -showroom knowing 
you could borrow up to £10,000 to spend 
on a car. With a Royal Bank 
of Scotland Car Loan you f 

could be doing it tomorrow. wK|j| 

New or second-hand, we can 
lend you up to 80% of the cost 

* SSSs 3%. 


LATER, it all 


P y Boats aren't cheap. 

But, if a real beauty came 
along wouldn’t it be handy 
to have the buying power 
right there and then? A Boat 
Loan lets you borrow up to 
£ 10 , 000 , (you’ll be asked to 
pay 10 % of the cost yourself). 
So, what’s the point in 
dreaming? This time next week 
you could be on 
the water. 

Odd how the sales seem to start when you can least 
afford them. But that’s the time to find the real bargains. 
A Personal Loan means you can go to the 
sales with the power of cash behind you. So, 
just point to what you want and its yours. 

- . » * 


f-'iW't/tmii/’HTi/Wi) M ivT 

Vj vim * PM®] 



High-tech usually comes 
more than you can afford at the moment, 
think about a PersF*"" 1 
Loan. Pop in and : 
or just fill in a foi 
That way 
you can be 
tapping the 
keyboard instead 
of just tapping 
your fingers. 

A -A 

The Royal Bank of Scotland 

Ilw tow Ban* ol SroUnd l*: tottBJwrt nines 16 Si Autre* Si flhmrBli W? 2TB. B«5‘a" l ’ ,M '» 5tw!aB. lu 3331? 



The Arbuthnor i Fund pull* nunv investment «mns> 
world-wide to jehiev e Lgrowth. nsinq in. ome jnd lonji-term 

I... - lie... mwr. 

sutce<>. just oneot^ll *ik*es«.Jul unit trusts. 

"We’ve gotjthe world 


Send for derails. 

Sc unno t»i£ f J1 Fmfitm Pnrmw. UmJm £<7 2A2AY 

I P1M9C vtuJ we mi Aii'u'hnt* biimuiicnjl Fund r*i^rt.-tu> ir» U™ 

JcTuk o* f he Monrllh Nniiv* Hdn 




Final call 
for BT 


VT i i nir 

■ British Telecom shareholders 
have to make the final payment for 
their shares by Wednesday next 
week. April 9. Jf they do not they wfil 
forfeit the shares - and the 
handsome profits they are now 

retirement, contained in the 


proposals, wiB mean that everyoiw 
wffl have to make a judgment. 

about how wefi they think their 

pension fund wifl perform. Since 

most people have difficulty 

understanding what they wffl get • 

from their pension fund anyway, it 
seems highly unlikely that 
overnight pension fund members wD 
be capable of makfog this 
important decision. 

May Day debut 


1 sees eight new unit 

Life. generaBy better Knavmrw 

their Sfe and pensions pd^s. 

Investors who put money KMD 
new funds betweenj^yi-l 5 wffl get 

sitting on. And it is not now 
pcjsstoie to sell in the market - you 
have to cough up the cash 
whether you kike it or not 

This is the final call for cash — 
shareholders have already paid 90p 
a share and there is 40p still to 
find. But with BT shares standing at 
278p even those who may not 
have the money readily available 
should have no trouble in 
persuading the bank manager to 
□rant an overdraft against the 
security of the shares. 

if you do not pay up you win 
forfeit the shares and receive just the 

90p you have paid so far. At the 
last cash call 2,000 shareholders 
either did not notice or couldn't 
afford to pay, out of a total of 1.7 
million shareholders. This time 
round the numbers should be far 
lower since all those left have had 
experience of what to do and when. 

is willing to consider giving higher 
discounts for even larger 
excesses. But even the standard 
package means a possible saving 
of 35 per cent on tne standard pno 
But how competitive is the 
standard rate in the first p(ac8? 
Royal's premiums, as you might 
expect, are not in the bargain 
basement category. But they 
undercut the only existing policy 
from a major insurer to give 
discounts Tor security measures. 

branches which open on 

Many in the industry fear that 
employees wffl fall victim to fast- 
talking pension sales 
representatives who will use 
unrealistic projections to sell 
personal pension plans to 

experience ot managws 
ana is well known tor its 
bonus resuHS."saidTom King, of 
Standard Life- The companys 

tabfesof with profits endowment 

Time savers 

Euro success 

"Did YOU know that 
16 of the top 20 best 
performing shares of 
1985 were all 

But if you are in doubt, check with 
British TeJecom on their special 
Unkline. The numbers are (0345) 
01 0505 or (0345) 01 0707. 

Sun Alliance's Firemark poficy 
has an automatic £100 excess and 
offers a 10 per cent discount for 
good security. But while new-for-old 
cover for £2 0,000 of contents 
costs between £70 and £240 with the 
Royal depending on where you 
live, a Firemark policy costs between 
£110 and £280. 

■ Anyone who has ever had a 
house for sale wiH confirm that the 
real bugbear is the timewaster — 
those who simply come to took and 
have no intention of buying and 
others who want to buy but haven't 
yet got the money fixed up. Two 
new services have been launched — 
both with the same basic idea 
that you have a guaranteed 
mortgage facility so that when 
you go to buy a nouse, the estate 
agent and the vendor know you 
are serious. 

W Europe remains the unit trust 
investors' firm favourite — at least, 
for those who have bought 
Clerical Medical units. Thirty-four per 
cent of all investors who 
responded to the launch of Clerical 
Medical's tour new unit trusts 
opted for Europe. 22J2 per cent for 
Japan, 21.9 per cent for the gift 
fund and 21 .3 per cant put ther 
money into the American trust 
More than £6 mflfion was invested 
during the initial-offer period of 
three weeks. 

The eight trusts being 
cover the whole range of investment 
oppartunites bom a general 
rnanaged trust to European, Far East 
and enter specialist trusts. 

Minimum investment at £1,000 might 
deter a few. 

Beating Kg Bang 

■ No frffls dealing services 
offered by stockbrokers are 
springing up See mushrooms as 
brokers search around for 
alternative sources of income 
before Kg Bang does away with 
fixed c omm i s sions. Latest 
entrant is stockbroker Henry Cooke 
Lumsden with its Marketlink 

The biggest bill 

IPENNY’ Shares! 

/Source Oatastrtatnl 

... and that every single one, bar one, had 
been recommended in the Penny Share Guide 

Of course, past achievement is no guarantee for future success, but we have 
said it before on many occasions, that there is a 'del in it a logic' to ‘penny 1 
shares ... the very fact that they ate so low means that they often Quite literally 
have only one way to go and that's up. The downside is strictly limited but the 
upside is almost literally infinite as Win b Plastic, fast year's PSG winner 
l-*-750%ldectsive(v proved, following in a tradition set by thel&esof Polly Peck 
and'Pentland Industries, which in pomt of (act were, at their peak, up many 
thousand sol par cant. You might also be interested to know that not one of the 
worst performing shares of the year in either the large company category or the 
small (source: Daily TelegraphI had been recommended in PSG. so it's by no 
means a scattergun approach. Serious research does pay off. If that's what 
you're interested in lor 1986, just drop us a line today, you could find yourself 
joining one of our subscribers who turned 12.486 into £97. 988m 4 L years. 
■penny' shares! 

To: The Penny Share Guide Ltd. 3 Fleet Street. London EC4Y 1AU 

Royal security 

■ At last one of trie leading 
insurance companies is giving 
genuine discounts tor security 

measures. Royal Insurance, which 
covers more than two million 
homes in Britain, is offering a 
cascade of discounts for 
measures to keep out the burglars 
as well as useful discounts for 
taking a voluntary excess. 
Households with a burglar alarm 
fitted and maintained by one of nine 
approved companies qualify for a 
5 per cent discount but those that fit 
door and window locks to an 
approved standard as well wffl get a 
15 per cent discount A burglar 
alarm system costs between £400 
and £1,000. 

■ How much is your building 
society spending on management? 
According to figures put together 
by the Skipton Building Society, the 
Guartfian Building Society is the 
most efficient with management 

expenses of just 39p for each 
£100 of assets compared with £1.29 
at the Alliance & Leicester. Of the 
larger societies Cheltenham & 
Gloucester scores weft, with 
management expenses of just 65p 

John Char col's Guaranteed 
Mortgage Card looks like the 
standard credit card but carries 
the name of the holder plus the 
maximum mortgage advance tor 
which he or she is eligible. This 
scheme is particularly attractive 
for the purchaser as the mortgage is 
not selected until a property has 
been found, so the buyer is able to 
take full advantage of the current 
mortgage offers available, of which 
there are many. The right 
decision could save £48 a month on 
a £30,000 mortgage - and no 
legal fees." 

Home cheer 

■ Cheltenham & Gloucester 
Building Society Is offering home 
loans of more than £30,000 at the 
highly attractive rata of only B.75 per 
cent - a fufi 0J25 per cent bekw 
most of the competition. The new 
rate applies to endowment and 
pension-linked loans taken out after 
April 6, @86. The tiny Tipton & 
Coseiey Building Society is also 

offering loans at 11.75 per cent 
from May 1, and there is no premium 
fix' having an endowment loan. 

management expenses of just 65p 
per £100 of assets and the 
Woolwich is well up among the 
leaders with a management 
expense ratio of £1.01. Naturally, the 
Skipton does well with an 
expense ratio of 92p per £100 of 
assets. Figures relate to the top 
20 building societies - plus the 

Yes, plesse send me FREE details on 'Penny' Shares and the 'Penny 
Share Guide' . . . today. T 5/4 1 

Name .....BLOCK 1 

Address letters ! 

Postcode PLEASE | 

Households belonging to a 
neighbourhood watch scheme wffl 
get a further 5 per cent discount 
- making a possible discount of 20 
per cent for security measures. 

On top of that, automatic excesses 
have been swept away in favour 
of giving householders a choice — 
£25 excess for a 5 per cent 
discount, £50 for 7.5 per cent and 
£100 for a 15 per cent and Royal 

Awash with loans 

The mortgage point Is a similar 
scheme, offering a Mortgage 
Guarantee Cara and advice on 
the best type of home loan. Stuart 
Codling and Bob Sanderson who 
are launching The Mortgage Point 
aim to be open seven days a 
week and until 9pm during the week. 
They will also be able to offer free 
legal fees. FuU details of both 
services from John Chared Ltd., 

DetaBs from Cheltenham & 
Gloucester branches or from 
Tipton & Cosetey Budding Society, 
57-60 High Street, Tipton, West 
Midlands (021 557 2551). 

Debt alert 

M If you are feeSng bad about 
your overdraft then you might take 
some comfort in the news mat 

Provided you know what you 

want to buy or seB, Henry Cooke 
Lumsden wiH cmy out your 
telephone instructions at one of the 
most competitive rates in tiw 
business. For small bargakts of £50 
you wffl be charged a fiat 
commission of E5, between £50 and 
£100 decommission is £8, 
between 300 and £650 it is a flat £10 
with the normal stock exchange 
commission of 1.65 per cent being 
charged above that teweL 

But all is not sweetness and fight 
in the world of telephone deafing 
services. One disgruntled reader 
of 77» 7imes complains that when 
be used Quitter Goocfison's 

Share Shop facility at the 
Debenhams store in Oxford 
Street, he got short shrift whan Tie 

started to rang once or twice a 
day to check on prices. 

Mercury House, 195 Knlghtsbridge, 
London SW7 IRE. Tet 01-589 

■ Home loans as a loss-leader 
seems to be a great success for the 
banks in rounding up new 
customers. Lloyds Bank, for 
example, has received 
applications for nearly £50 million in 
home loans, has agreed 10,000 
personal loans amounting to nearly 
£1 5 million and opened more 
than 25,000 accounts at the 183 

7080. The Mortgage Point, The 
Granary, 50 Barton Road, 
Worsley, Manchester 28, teL 061- 
794 8421. 

consumers generally owe a 
staggering £175,000 million to 
banks, buldimj societies, credit card 
companies and finance houses. 
“Multiple debt on such a large scale 
has to be managed responsfoty," 
said lan Miller, chairman of the 
Finance Houses Association. 

Quitters have investigated the 

How wffl Henry Cook Lumsden 

broker can afford to answer 
thousands of customer enquiries. 
“We wffl play it by ear" 
commented David Lumsden. 

Pensions advice 

■ The freedom to opt out of a 
company pension scheme and make 
your own provision for 

Consumers’ total indebtedness 
would rise Mr Mffler said. "They are 
less afraid of debt than their 
parents and much more aware of 
what money can do." 

He sees the spread of share 
quotation services toroogh Prestei 
and toe fflreas the answser to 
tins particular problem. Ostade of the 
new service from Henry Cooke 
Lumsden, City Wafl House. 84-90 
CfwsweH Street, London EOY £■ 


First rale 

How to know your SRO 

monthly income 

The Cheltenham Premier Income 
Account offers the best monthly income rate 
from any national building society. 

Invest £10,000 or more and we pay you 
an impressive 8.75% net. Interest is paid on 
the first of each month, and automatically 
added to your account to earn the top rate of 
9.1 1 % CAR : If you prefer, we can pay your 
interest directly to another C&G account, 
your bank or your home. You can also add to 
your investment at any time with sums of 
£1,000 or more. 

No withdrawals can be made during 
the first six months after opening the 
account but thereafter you can make 
withdrawals of £1,000 or more without 
notice or penalty. You must maintain a 
balance of at least £10,000 for the account to 


Hands up those who are 
confused by the proliferation 
of so-called self-regulatory or- 
ganizations — SROs for short 

— that have appeared lately. 
At the moment there are seven 
actual nr mooted SROs , 
although the Securities and 
Investments Board, overseer 
of the individual SROs, is 
hoping that the final version of 
city seif-regolatioB will appear 
witfi only tire SROs. 

The merger or convergence 
of at least two SROs boles 
likely to happen sooa. Nasdim 

— the National Association of 
Securities Dealers and Invest- 
ment Managers - is to an- 
nounce that it is joining up 
with Lutibro — the Life and 
Unit Trust Intermediaries 
Regulatory Organization. 

Nasdim started life as a 
collection of market makers 
and portfolio managers, al- 
though its membership has 

recently bed swelled by fife 
and amt-trust intermediaries 
who hare chosen membership 
of Nasdim as an altern a ti v e to 
a licence from the Department 
of Trade and Industry. Lutiro 
was aimed at intermediaries 
selling life insurance and unit- 
trnst products. Its range Is 
broad, from professional 
broking firms to the retired 
colonel selling life insurance 
asa sideline. 

The Life Assurance ami 
Unit Trust Regulatory Orga- 
nization {LautroX is intended 
to encompass primarily autho- 
rized UK insurers and manag- 
ers of authorized rant trusts. 
There is a suggestion hot no 
more than this, that it might 
link with die Investment Man- 
agement Regulatory 
Organisation (IMRO). The 
latter wffl take in investment 
managers and advisers. The 
Stock Exchange — another 

SRO — is having discussions 
with a steering group from, the 
Internati onal Securities Regg- 
httory Organization. Isro is 
lookrag to govern matters such 
as the Eurobond market, 
swaps and short-term instru- 
ments. Its dSscusshns with the 
Stock Exchange concern trad- 
ing in international equities, or 
the leading UK shares, which 
are often traded between large 
intmnatiraal institutions with- 
out going through die Stock 

The Exchanges does not 
want to be left oat in the cold in 
the trading of major UK 
shares, hence its talks with 
Isro to see if die two can 
between them produce a in- 
vestment exchange that would 
be recejpiized under the new 
setfieguiatory framework for 
the City. 

Lawrence Lever 

9.11 % 


remain open. 

The rate offered on the Cheltenham 
Premier Income Account may vary. 
However, in keeping with our reputation for 
offering outstanding investment accounts, 
you can be sure that the rate will remain 
highly competitive. 

To open an account call into your, 
nearest C&G branch. If that is not 

8.75 % 

ON £10,000 OR MORE 

With London Life your savings can attract a 
net yield of 22% p.a/ 

fib: Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society, 

I PO Box 124 , FREEPOST, Cheltenham, Glos. GL53 7PW 

j I/We enclose & to open a Cheltenham Premier 

J Income Account (Minimum £10,000 Maximum £250,000) 

convenient, you can operate your account 
from your home or office, post free, with the 
C&G By Post service. 

The Cheltenham Premier Income 
Account. Another first from the Cheltenham 
& Gloucester Building Society. 

| □ Please send more details 
| Full Name(s) Mr/Mrs/Miss _ 
| Address 


There’s no better time to begin making 
provision for a prosperous andnappy 
retirement titan toe present- and no better 
way of doing so than with a London Life 
retirement savings plan. 

With London Life a net outlay of Just £50 
per month over a ten year period could 
produce a cash fund of £19.761 * to provide 
retirement benefits — which represents a net 
annual yield of 22.5%*. 

A very impressive figure to say the least- 

but how exactly Is it 

* Increasing fife cover goto retirement 

payable free of Capital Transfer Tax. 

As one of the first offices to enter the field of 

-personal pensions, our experience and 
expertise are second to none -one of the 
reasqns why we are able to offer some of the 
competitive plans on the market 
Another reason for London Life's 
exceptional performance is the fart that 
^ pay no comntisskxi, and our staff are 
framed to provide a pentksubrfy high standard 

■ If you require your monthly interest payments to be made to another C&G « 

Recount, vour bank account oryour home, please give details in writing. 

is simple. The plan is one of the most tax- 
efficient on the market 

• Tax relief at a minimum of 30% and a 
maximum of 60% on each contribution. 

• The savings accumulate in a tax- 
free fund 

• Tax-free tump sum payable at 

Th at all adds up to a very 
attractive proposition. If you would 
like to find out how attractive, fflfrv 

fike to find out how attractive, fill In 
and return the coupon below. 

i~ . 1 * . ■ - I 'Bavgdofi. i 30-.. topay>r aged EArcrrrmgat 

London Life 

Cheltenham &Gk>uceste 
Building Society 

r To: New Business Depart^umt The Lo^tto^L^ 

■ Freepost. 100 Temple Street. Bristol BSl 6YJ (no stamp required!. 

3 The London Life s retirement sauirras nlan ic nrit r»n£>r, tT** 


■ Name .Date of Birth 


Member of the Building Societies Association and Investors' Protection Scheme. Assets exceed £3 300 million. 

Branches throughout the UK. See Yellow Pages. 

‘Compounded Annual Rale. 

■ ... . Postcode Preferred Retirement Age 

| Amount of Monthly Savings Tav R^tu «c 

Are you a memberofa Company Pension Scheme?. 

■ TeL Nos: Business- Home 

can caB Carole Woodver or SaflyHS on Q800-7T7iii~fHMirrf 


London Life -over 175 years of assurance 










- T I 

jV - i* 

* ; 4 

. * 

m • > 

i ' 



4 f ? 










( t 

"** s 






United Imperial. 

A cohesive group with three related l 
and complementary businesses. 

A proven record of success in the 
manag ement of leading brands. 



*V. : •— - w. - 


Opportunities for cost savings and 
faster profit growth by combining 

Profit growth mainly organic, i 

fuelled by high capital investment of =j 
over 4% of annual sales in 1985. 

All UB’s offers provide higher 
income than Hanson’s ‘besf bid.* 

Agreed management plans to 


• M 

Hanson Trust. 

A conglomerate currently operating 
in some fifteen different business 

Limited experience of managing 
branded consumer businesses. 

No similar opportunity 

Profit growth mainly by acquisition 
(capital spending just over 2% of 
annual sales in 1985). 

Hanson’s highest income offer (the 
cash alternative) is worth only 293p 
per share, or 64p less than Imperial’s 
current market price. 

No dear plans. "Wait and sea 



‘ & 
i * s 


its brands, its businesses, its people - may depend on 
your action. 

UB and Imperial are natural partners for future 
growth and prosperity. By accepting the UBoffer 
fou ensure that the majority of your mvestmmt nffl 
remain in Imperial businesses. This is the only way 
you can “stay with Imperial” 

So please, today, sign and send off the white UB 
acceptance form. It must arrive by 3 00 pm this coming 
Friday, Uth April 1986. 

Mr Geoffrey Kent and the Imperial Board unanimously 
recommend the UB offer; please ask the operator 
for Freefone Imperial Group. 

If you are in any doubt how to complete the form, 
please telephone our helpline: 0272 66696L 

Time is now short The future of your company - If you would like to hear why your Chairman, 

■i l T l | j . i i ) v l 11 i J j T | ] I j 

stiilUb ll firsll, WJs 


SfoF^ TOACCEPr * X ' 6 • 5 • 4 • 3 ■ 2 • 1 

Ision of this advertisement) havt taken reasonable carets ensor that the facts and opinions expressed hereinare fair and accurate The directors accept responsibility accordingly.. 

“The ref erect* to Hanson^ ‘best 1 bid relates tD the Hanlon alternative offeringUieblgg^tcapilalyalut " 

2nd April I9S6. 






HARVARD SECURITIES are pleased to announce 
chat we are now making a marker in the following 
French Stocks: - 




Further stocks will be added to in the coming months. 

If you are interested in trading in French Stocks 
please contact:- Bryan Symons on 01-928 2237. 


Licensed Dealer in Securities 
MfcAftteadbrg licensed Doctor 





^ By advising you which investment gives the 

mOSt UlCOme a man a^ed 64 with no life assurance could 
expect lo receive 126A> pa net guaranteed. 

* By reducing your income tax bill 

mam retired people kne out unnecessanl von the age allowance 

sfc By making your capital grow to increase your 
income in the future. 

Knight Williams has specialised for mam’ years 
in identifying income investments for retired 
people. Send for full details. 

Knight Williams 

Independent financial advice. 

33 Cork Street, London W1X 1HB.01-409 027L 









Ground rules for the rental business 


It is estimated that the resi- 
dential rental market of Lon- 
don flats and houses is now 
earning the owners well over 
£40 million a year. 

The business has mush- 
roomed in the past two years 
and is growing, with hundreds 
of agents opening specialist 
departments to deal exclusive- 
ly with rentals. 

Though it is possible to 
acquire substantial rental re- 
turns on properties outside 
London — a three-bedroom 
house with a swimming pool 
at £350 a week in Kingston, 
near London, for instance — 
the real Golden Triangle is 

bordered by Knightsbridge, 

Belgravia and May 

Many landlords in these 
places are owners who will 
have bought their properties 
years ago at a “historic cost”, 
and for them gross returns on 
rents are spectacular. Many of 
them are older and live mostly 
in the country, so agents have 
discovered a whole new busi- 
ness in letting their properties, 
often to overseas personnel. 

Where do the tenants come 
from? A great many seem to 
be Americans working for 
banks and corporations. Many 
others are foreign diplomatic 
staff and some are just sud- 
denly wealthy individuals 
whose countries have, for one 
reason or another, provided 
them with almost instant 
wealth — Nigerians, for in- 
stance. or some Middle East 
people who have floated to 
London on a sea of oil 
earnings and now educate 
their children at private 
schools here. 

r ting a valuable London prop- 
■f ertv there are some absolutely 

em- there 
liden rules. 

Do not ever be persuaded to 
let to an individual. It has to 
be a company* or embassy - 
the Sftortold Leasing Act not- 
withstanding. Owners shour. 
re m ember they are betting a 
propenv worth anything from 

£ 150,00b to£I million to just 
a month’s rent that they will 
get the place back on time and 
in good order. That's the real 

Foreigners newly arrived at 
our shores take only days to 
learn how helpful our Rent 
Acts are to them, although at 
first they find it difficult to 
believe that a Government 
would be as benevolent to 
them as oar own. 

Agents will urge owners to 
“take a view” on the accept- 
ability of some would-be ten- 

Chesterfield Street in Mayfair — part of the Golden Triangle of the property letting business 

ant whose company won’t si$\, 
on the dotted line. Don't. 

Here is a real-life example of a 
landlord's cost and profits for 
a year's tenancy just ended m 
Cadogan Square, for k two- 
bedroom, two-bathroom flat 
valued at £300,000, with con- 
tents insured for £60,000. 


£ 22,100 

Gross rent 
Agents’ commission £2,541.50 
Inventory £50 

Rates £1,100.00 

Service charge £2^500.00 
Landlord received £15,958.50 

But the story does not end 
there. Daring the year the 
tenant managed to break a 
lavatory, which cost £515 to 
repair (the agents just kept on 

ca llin g in a plumber entil he 
almost by accident managed to 
replace it); the waste disposer 
was replaced at £158 (after it 
failed to chew up three valu- 
able silver spoons). 

Other calls were made be- 
cause the dishwasher seemed 
to frighten his wife, die lights 
fused in the sitting room and 
that frightened her even more, 
and when an external overflow 
actually did just that, the 
tenants appeared to believe the 
building would collapse from 
water pressure. 

The landlord said: “PI inn b- 
and electricians never 

seemed to be away from the 
place and I began to think my 
tenants needed their own pri- 
vate social worker to see them 
through the rigours of living in 
SWI in a cat which had. 
proved an uneventful residence 
until then.” 

The landlord received his 
flat back at the rad of the 
tenancy with a list of 
“detapntations”, which includ- 
ed a gas log fne and a TV set 
which did network and broken 
tiles in shower and bathroom. 

The agent took a sanguine 
view, wanting to put most of it 
down to “fair wear and tear.” 

The landlord's view was that 
because the repairs and clean- 
ing were to cost about £1*000, 
“fair wear and tear” was not 

The landlord said: “1 was 
holding £1,800 deposit; I just 
set the work done and sent ip 
toe receipts.”W oald he do it 
again? “Yes,” he said. Tm 
wiser now and, after all, the 
property can always be 
cleaned and repaired, provid- 
ing yon have the money in 

“The benefit is that the fiat 
continues to increase in value 
and to provide a nsefol income 
while it does.” 

Latterly the Hong Kong 

Chinese have made a signiJ 
cant appearance. 

Among the most popular 
tenants are the South Africans 
and the New Zealanders, who 
tend to pay regularly, return 
the property in good order and 
do not make a fuss. 

Among the least popular are 
the Nigerians who tend to 
have big families. One horror 
story told by a London agent 
was of the family who rented a 
house at £3,000 a week for 
three months. Dilapidations 
cost £5.000. 

intervened must bear some 

Americans are less popular 
than they were. As one agent 
told me: “Some are super— no 
trouble at all - but some of 
them seem totally incapable or 
unwilling to do the simplest 
thing for themselves.” 

Some Middle East tenants 
also fail to get into the 
landlords' popularity list and 
for this the recent case of the 
Syrian who failed to vacate his 
flat until the Queen personally 

And since calling in the 
plumbers of London is now a 
feat of endurance likely to cost 
£30 before they even get 
through the door, tenants who 
ring the agent to deal with the 
plumbing are understandably 
not popular. 

What are the financial facts? 
Savills, one of the biggest 
agents in the market, estimate 
that a really spruce two- 
bedroom flat in the Golden 
Triangle will earn a gross rent 

of £600 a week — about £100 
higher than last year. 

Other rents are equally en- 
ticing - for a three bed 
property up to £800 is quoted 
and four bed up lo£90O. One- 
off spectaculars can realize up 
to£3.000 a week, it is claimed. 

But they stress that property 
must be in really good order 
with excellent carpets and 
modem fittings and equip- 
ment and good quality cur- 
tains, preferably design-co- 

Hamptons, also big in the 
market, put out a landlord's 
brochure detailing precisely 
the cost of services offered and 
likely rents. But it is notice- 
able how little responsibility 
agents accept 

Since agents take 10 per cent 

of gross rentals plus VAT 
(actually 11.5 per cent) they 
tend to look on the bright side 
and sweep initial difficulties 
away. A great many landlords 
and, let it be said, company 
letting representatives, think 
they do very little for their 

Agents say they provide a 
’fiill management* service or 
15 per cent plus VAT — that’s 
18 percent of the gross rental 
What it seems to come down 
to in reality is that they win 
call the plumber for you if the 
tenant wishes it; they wifi pay 
outgoings like rates if you 
leave them the money (and 
they pick up the interest 
meanwhile) and if a machine 
breaks down they will replace 
it — at the landlord's cost 

They generally take the 

easiest way out and won’t test 
machines for being in working 
order first. They also charge 
about £30 a visit to go around 
to the flat when asked. 

For their fees they say they 
lake up tenants references. 
Not all are spectacularly suc- 
cessful as the landlord of the 
Syrian tenant found to his 

Most agents appear to -be 
networked. If you employ one 
you seem to have most of the 
rest of them. A new service; 
FAX, links subscribing agents 
to a computer for vacant 
properties. It is provided by 
Property Data Services and 
information is sent through 
the telephone system. It is 
very efficient if kept up to date 
by subscribers. 

To anyone thinking of lei-. 

Some companies wont sign 
because they have learned in 
the past how much trouble a 
bad tenant can cause. Compa- 
nies inevitably pay up — 
individuals don’t. The growth 
of the market has come about 
because London flats arc not 
so valuable, even internation- 
al companies are unwilling to 
tie up huge sums of capital to 
house an executive in a com- 
pany flat. Rents come out of 
income — purchases are 

Some agents demand the ^ 
whole year's letting fee from; 
the first quarter's rent If the 
tenant then reneges the owner 
has neither rent nor tenanL 
Companies don't renege. 

Golden rule number two is: 
take a deposit as large as you 
can get and certainly a tenth of 
the annual rent and keep it 
yourself. The agent wilt try to 
insist that be keeps it (and the 
year's interest on it). 

Bui do not be persuaded At 
die end of the tenancy be will 
want to solve any little domes- 
tic difficulties in record time - 
which usually means he's not 
too interested that your an- 
tique chair will cost £500 to 
recover when the tenant offers 
just £50. Agents also have .. 
their eyes on the company's £ 
next tenanL 

If you’ve got the cash you 
get die job done and send the 
receipt to the company. It is a 
rough business. 

Mary Griffiths 

i * • 

V ./ 

I - • 



Wardley’s International Growth TVust + 
in the 19 weeks since launch* 

*ofIerlo bid, income not re-invested, calculated over period 2L11 .85 -S.4.S6 

The International Growth Thist 

Back in November: 1985. when Wardley 
decided to relaunch their Internationa! 
Growth Thist (formerly the Wardley Natural 
Resources Thist) they did so for very good 


Market Movements 
Every year investors see some markets 
perform exceptionally well and others do 
badly. Over the last year the most attractive 
has been Europe, whilst markets such as 
Hong Kong and Singapore have performed 
with much less flair In the longteim onecan 
expect cyclical performance from any market 
but in the short term you need to check 
regularly that your money is invested in the 
right area 

right time -with all-out capital growth as the 
prime target 

Current Tkctics 

The International Growth Thist is truly 
international - we are currently invested (as 
at 1/4/86) as follows: USA 25%. UK 20%, 
France 18%. Sweden 9%, Japan 8%, Italy 7%, 
Germany 6%. others 7%. 

Application for ~ ' 

Investment in the 
Wardley International 
Growth Trust 

Investment Policy 
Our Managers set about creating a unit trust 
that could move around the world at will And 
into any market, be it ordinary shares, fixed 
interest securities or simply hard currency 
This policy’ has been put into practice with 
substantial gains after only nineteen weeks. 
In that time, investors who placed £1000 with 
the Wardley International Growth Thist have 
seen it grow to £1540 net of charges! 

Of course; this rate of growth cannot be 
guaranteed to continue and the value of units 
and income can go down as well as up 

However, Wardley is confident that It will 
continue to invest in the right markets at the 

Wardley Around the World 
Wardley. with its extensive network of 
on-the-spot researchers and investment 
professionals, is particularly well equipped 
to buy the world 

In Hong Kong Tbkya New York, 
Melbourne and Singapore. Wardley offices 
continuously monitor and invest in their own 
markets - co-ordinated from our office in the 
City of London. Th us. when changes occur in 
far away places, we are ideally placed to 
react with great speed 

Recently the stockmarkets of Japan, 
Spain and interestingly the Philippines 
experienced some significant rises. 
Wardleyfc International Growth Thist 
reacted by buying into these markets with 
excellent results. 

Wardley’s Pedigree 
We are a w holly owned subsidiary of the 
Hongkong and Shanghai Banking 
Corporatioa which has over 40,000 employees 
working m more than 1200 offices in over 50 
countries. Thilv international! 


Dealing in Units: Units will be bough tu ihe ruling Offer 
price on any buKiness day on which tinfersars received. 

I As a guide the Offer price on 2nd April l**StJ\\as72pt A 
Con Intel Note *111 be sent immediately your application 
is received -and your Unit Certificate villi normally 
follow within the next 42 day*. When you sell your units. 

Safeguards: The Trust is authorised by the Secretary of 
Stale for TYade and Industry and is a wider range 
Investment under the Trustee Investment AeL. IWJI.The 
TYuscee Is Lloyds Bank He. 71 Lombard Street London 

pavmeni will be made at the Bid price, normally within 
7 days of the receipt of your renounced Unit Certificate. 

Prices and yield; The cu irenl prices and yield are 
quoted daily in the Dally Ibtegraph. Financial Times and 
The Times.- 

Management Company: Wardley Unit Trust Managers 
Limited Reg. No. I2f England. Registered Office 

Wardley House. 7 Devonshire Square. London 

A memberuf the Unit TYust Association. 

Income: The estimated gross current vfeld on 
tOlh March 1&SB wax 1.4‘fe per annum. Nut income 
is distributed annually on 31st August 

Charges: An initial charge of rvti is included In the price 
of unite. Commission is paid to qualified Intermediaries, 
the rules being available on request An annual 

management charge of l% (plus VAT) uf the value of the 

TVusi is deducted from the income (or capital if there is 
insufficient income)- 

l"(r DISCOUNT for 
investments of £1,000 to 


investments of €5,000 and 
above . . . 

If vou invest bv 15 4 80 

LAYe apply for units to the value of £_ 

l min £1.000) at the Managers’ quoted offer price on 
receipt of this application. 


First names. 





I In the case of join l applications, each must sign and 
attach full names.! 

Please tick the appropriate box(es) if you would like: 

(i) income distributions reinvested 
Hi) details of our Share Exchange Scheme 
tiff) details of regular monthly savi ngs 
Please send ihis completed application form and 
cheque for the amount you wind lo invest Lee 




Wardley Unit Thist Managers Umite 
Wardley Houne. 7 Devonshire Square. 
London EC2M4HN. 

; Limited 

A World of Experience 


Telephone: 01-929 1532 or 1534. 
I Not applicable in Eire) 

tot | 

\mPtntvr: HongfcongBank ffruup <z>: 

FOR £5.000 AND OVER 


00 % 


■ 68 % 



Withdrawals al 60 days’ notice oron demand with 60 days' 
loss of interest. No notice or Ices of interest if balance of 
£10000 maintained Monthly income available at 850% net 

For investments of £500£4£99 
875% net = 12J32% gross* 

’Equivalent yield to basic rate taxpayers. Interest rates 
. variable. . . 

To: Walthamstow Building Society, Freepost, Walthamstow El 7 
4BR Tet 01-531 3231 CM hr sendee). I/We enclose cheque for 
£ to opart a 60 Days’ Nolice Sftanss Account with 

mlerest added annually Q or paid monthly fmtn. balance £5.000) 
Q Please send further information an 60 Days' Notice Shares Q 

— ...Post Code. -... 


Assets exceed E1Q0 imiton Member ot tt>e 8u*Jmq Sodeues Association 



tins a you- last chance to mv«l 
m aw ht^iiy popular Truse ' 
Bonos Bbnd (3rd issue] wth 
your mwamenr divided to 
seem a guaranteed one year 
return of 

1» net on your account wUii 
one of (tie bggest Swedes and 
Hk balance nvesed in a £400 
mAon Managed Fund that has 
averaged 18V pa. net suced 
. started In 1977 r 

CnH w now M xtun 

of 304b tax 1 12.1077 - 1.1235 

Gnnmnr Xfabail General 
FREEPOST, Bristol, BS1 5BR. 





L JT.1 _J£_ 





Vbur payment for the last instalnnent advised to ring the BT shareholder 

on your British Telecom shares must be 
made no later than \Atednesday April 9. 

If you have not already done so, act 
today to ensure that payment is received ' 
bythe Government before 3.00pm next 

If you have not received a request to 
pay the final instalment, or if /du have any 
questions about what to do, you are 

numbers-" 1 * 8 ° 0 either of fo,,0win S 

LinkUne 0345 010505 


vn. , L h Sfii nWJne "umbers enable 

SS?aSS' e " fteU<,0r 

r u«» 


* • i 




Investing for growth 

J"emM05M88arar 1 



' . ’ 1 ■* --.►** n , .. , J.-. • 




“Industrial Partnership : Utopia or Necessity T 
The 1986 Cbmmon Owaenirip Lecture 
' win be green at a meeting in- the 
Put Bader Cbmmooweaftb Centre, WoDastoo 
on Saturday I Oth May at 10AS am 

with coffee at iG. 15 ml . 

■ LECTURER : Branko Horwrt ; 

Professor rf Economics. Sodokgy and Political Scwnca 
riuK^— oi Zagreb University 

CHAIRMAN : Dr Frank Heller 
Director of tte Centre tor the Derision Making awto 
at the Tavistock Insdime of Human Relations 
A warn is enended to an pwirie wiih a cona« 

. foca bcw Industrial and Social Order 
ft is regretted that there win be no 
fejlilieg available for young chOdreo 

C/f^VPT TlckeiswiB be iswed week eonunendng 28th spril 1986 

5v^w * j Ticket* are free of chase and are 

■a JV M<p available by wrinen apphtafaoo only from: 


.'in wSUrdl^WBJJilWOMOOL 

A V< Wtt lBL 

do CO* cp 

c> » *•* 

«• «• «“ 

to eo &*» OP « 

- Luxurious Apartments 
for the international businessman 
in this famous London building 


Sales Office Open Daily: 

KbJO. — 7pja. 


Keith Cardale Groves 

CtMBewe fiiir w jw . 

251 BraraJteo Boadl London 
SW32EP Thtoc 27839 




Cautious Halifax 
happy to be on 
the home straight 

By Keith Mackfin 

terday that the oftbe 

With thrir final three fixtures 
all at home, Halifax sit out 
tomorrow's league programme 
secure in the knowledge that the 
championship is within their 
grasp. Hull Kingston Rovers 
have reached the Challenge Cup 
final by beating Leeds 17-0 in a 
pulsating semi-final replay, and 
with the Rovers’ players looking 
ahead to Wembley, there 
chances of completing a crip- 
pling programme and catching 
Halifax are slim. 

Other challenges like Wigan 
and Widnes have stumbled 
badly recently and cannot over- 
take' Halifax if the West Riding 
club win the three games against 
York. Featherstone Rovers and 
Bradford Northern. 

However. Halifax cannot af- 
ford to be complacent and will 
ca refully watch developments 
tomorrow afternoon. There is a 
cup final rehearsal at Craven 
Park, where Hull KR entertain 
Castleford. The crowd at this 
rehearsal cannot be more than 
7.227. which is the figure im- 
posed under the Safety of Sports 
Grounds Act to conform with 
safety limits. The Rovers’ chair- 
man, Colin Hutton, said yes- 


The game 
into life 

By Gordon Allan 
Two contrasting events in the 
next three days reflect the 
growth and variety of the indoor 
game. One is the Denny Cup. 
the national club championship 
of England, first held in 1935. 
The other is the inaugural 
Midland Bank world pairs 

The semi-finals of the cup, 
now called tbe McCarthy and 
Stone championship, are being 
played at tbe Momson Centre, 
Darlington today, with the final 
tomorrow. Longmeadow 
(Hampshire) play Stanley (Dur- 
ham I and Paddington play 
North Walsham (Norfolk). At 
Longmeadow. Stanley and 
North Walsham were founded 
within the last 10 years, during 
which more than 50 new clubs 
were opened, but Paddington 
sianed in 1 90S and have won 
the cup five times. 

Longmeadow, who beat Cy- 
phers (Beckenham), the 
favourites, in the quarter-finals, 
have been strengthened by the 
arrival during the past 12 
months of Jim Hobday and 
Graham Standley. They provide 
an extra layer of experience at 
skip, as does Andy Ross, a 
former English and British Isles 
singles champion. Seven of the 
North Walsham team, including 
the brothers Chris and David 
Ward, played for Norfolk in the 
county championship final the 
Sunday before last. 

The £40,000 world pairs 
championship starts at the 
Bournemouth International 
Centre on Monday and ends on 
April 13. The sets format is 
being used and each player will 
bowl two woods instead or the 
usual four. David Bryant and 
Tony Allcock, who came second 
in the world outdoor pairs at 
Aberdeen in 1984, are one of the 
three England pairs competing. 
Bryant played lead at Aberdeen-, 
this time he will skip. 

capacity from 1 5,000 would cort 
the dub a lot of money which 
could have bees spent oa 
ground improvements. 

VYidoefl travel to Featbentnoe 
to face a side who are fighting 
against relegation. Featherstone 
have been a bogey ground for 
Widnes in the part- St Helens 
can continue their long un- 
beaten run at home to relega- 
tion-doomed Swfnton, and it 
wjfi be interesting to see if a 
shattered Leeds side can recover 
at home to HulL 

In the second division Roch- 
dale Hornets can do ibar 
promotion hopes good at home 
10 Carlisle. Barrow should re- 
gain form at Runcorn and there 
is a promotion six-pointer when 
Wakefield Trinity entertain 

Salford have signed the 
Australian centre Greg Austin 
for next season. Austin has been 
playing for Rochdale Hornets 
this season and scored 12 tries. 
Wigan, who visit York tomor- 
row, will be without their full 
back Hampson with a hamstring 
injury but their £100.000 sign- 
ing. Joe Lydon, could be fit 


Form and 
in conflict 

By David Dnffield 

For the amateur seeking to catch 
the eye of Commonwealth 
Games selectors it has been a 
delicate balance of finding 
suffice m early- sea son form to be 
noticed without falling foul of 
the tough weather conditions. 
Time will tell ir David Spencer's 
brilliant performance in win- 
ning the 310-mile, four-stage 
Enterprise Tour of Lancashire 
was a flash in tbe pan ora signal 
to the selector. 

He will be one of the 60 riders 
in the Wincanton Wheels 104- 
mile event tomorrow. It will be 
a race within a race. National 
teams from Scotland. Wales and 
Ireland, together with 34 English 
riders, feoe a dozen Conti- 
nentals in the first United 
Kingdom international events 
of the year. 

With nearly £890 at stake hi 
prizes. Cees de Nooyer, of The 
Netherlands, will be intent on 
improving on his fourth place 
last year. He is No 13 on the 
programme. The Danes have 
won the event three times and 
have entered the experienced 
Milk Race rider. Vagn 
Scharling. Belgium and France, 
who have r yet to win it, will have 
strong UKropposition. 

John Tanks, King of the 
Mountains winner in Lan- 
cashire. has been training in the 
South African sun. Keith Reyn- 
olds returned from a successful 
sortie in France and Paul Cur- 
ran has been winning events. 
Curran had been approached to 
turn professional but he is 
looking to the Commonwealth 

Peter Sanders, the 1985 

■ Wincanton Wheels victor, who 
1 has turned professional, scored 
1 his first success this season in 
; winning the recent Eastbourne 
1 ro London race. His team, the 
} Percy Bilton-Condor squad. 

have been increased to six. In 
1 Jaie May they and five other 
1 professional teams will be riding 
* in the Milk Race. There is an air 

■ of optimism in the professional 
ranks with a record number of 
events scheduled. 


Redgrave in the chase 

By Jim Railton 

Five hundred scullers chase 
33 prized pennants in the 33rd 
Head of the River race between 
Mortlake and Putney today 

13.°L , , 

Las t year the race was won by 
theintemational lightweight 
sculler Carl Smith and Notting- 
ham Boat Gub had four scullers 
in the top ten. 

This year there are some 
powerful new entrants headed 
by Steve Redgrave, the 1984 

Henley, who starts 340th in 
pursuit of a title he has never 
won. Alan Whitwell, an Olym- 
pic silver medal winner in 
eights, starts three places be- 

Today's race aptly reflects the 
idea of sport for all: Dr Eric 
Huddy, starring 338th is over 
80, and there are three scullers 
over 70 and six beyond 60. 
Among the over 70s is Oliver 
Phi I pot, who escaped from Ger- 

the coxed fours and winner of way of the famous wooden 
last year’s Diamond Sculls at horse. 




V i 


*^■1 *ilM »'i . i .i i la .i. l " 

EE23E2 ! 

I fB uSr t 






CHASE (£60,647: 4m 4f) (40 runners) 

301 2111ZF ESSEX (Hun) (J Cuba) V Ctabupka 

8-12-0 Mr V CftaJoupka 

/Mate, red seams and dtsc. gold aer of com, redcap) 

302 000412 CORKERE (C-D) (B Burrough) Mrs J Pitman 

11- 11-7 BdeHaan 

(Ughr bkie and orange ctvwtns, Ohm fkieves and cap) 

303 3P-0020 DRUMLARGAN (Mrs G Webb Bronfman) E O'Grady (Ira) 

12- 11-6 — T J Ryan 

(Wrote, nark bum sash, saved cap 1 

304 023220 KMLKILOWEN (Exon; late Mrs S Collen) J □ reaper (Ire) 

10-11-3 ...................... K Morgan 

fTtirmxase. ournte saunas. Quartered caai 

3D5 12 P 1-11 LAST SUSPECT (C-O) (Anne Duchess of Westminster) 

T Forster 12-11-2 H Davies 

(YeBow. narrow black Oott and cap with gold tassel) 

306 31F233 DOOR LATCH (BP) (H Joel) J Gifford 

8- 11-0 ... ... R Rowe 

(Bbxk. scarier cap) 

307 0-133*0 ACAR1NE (Mrs P W Hams) P W Harris 

10- 10-13 R Strange 

(Emerald green. rod sash. yekow sleeves ana exp) 

308 220001 WEST HP (P Luff) MOfiver 

9- 10-11 R Dunwoody 

(Light Moo. black sash, armlets anti hoops on cap) 

3G9 23P130 GREASEPAINT (M Smurfit) D WeW (Ire) 

11- 10-8 T Carmody 

(Light CAM) and rod halved. whHa sleeves. tight blue cap) 

310 032310 BALUNACURRA LAD (Mrs A Moynihan) M Pipe 

11- 10-6 G Bradley 

{Maroon, white stars, maroon cap. yoBowstnpeal 

311 0F-2241 HALLO DANDY (C-D) (R Shaw) G Richards 

12- 10-8 N Doughty 

(Stack, black cap. emerald green spots) 

312 12-PP02 MR SNUGFIT (BF) (T Ramsden) M W Easterly 

9- 10-7 P Tuck 

{Royal blue and wtdta hoops, white sleeves. bhiecap) 

313 024021 THE TSAREVICH (Mb) I StraKer) N Henderson 

10- 10-7 J White 

(Black, Sac cap) 

314 3212-FO LANTERN LODGE (Mrs M Farrell) P Mullins (Ire) 

9-10-7 A Muffins 

{Royal bkio. bght bh» sash and hoops on steertrs. royal blue cap) 

315 1/30-4PP TRACTS SPECIAL (L Ames) A Turned 

9- 106 SC Knight 

(Navy, grey and royal blue hoops, navy sleeves, royal blue cap) 

316 0-10100 BROOMY BANK (Capt J Lumsden) J Edwards 

11- 10-3 P Scudamore 

(Cense. old goU sleeves. goU cap. cansa spotsi 

317 130-000 CLASSIFIED (Cheveley Parle Stud) N Henderson 

10- 10-3 S Smith Eccfes 

(Red. wtvte sash, light blue cap) 

318 1211P/3 GAYLE WARNING (C) (J Dudgeon) J Dudgeon 

12- 10-3 Mr A Dudgeon 

{White, scarlet sleeves, mack cm white spots) 

319 142003 WHY FORGET (PPfller)W A Stephenson 

10-10-3 R Lamb 

(YeBow. royal blue slopes, armlets and cap) 

32 0 0040-2 ANOTHER DUKE (D Lynam) P Davis 

13- 10-0 PNieholls 

(White, emerald green sash, green cm white star) 

321 214/040 PLUNDERING (BF) (Mrs M Valentine) F Winter 

9- 10-0 S Sherwood 

(Pa* cherry Mans, ptnk cap! 

322 30F-0PP TACROY (A Duffield) G Calvert 

12-10-0 A Stringer 

(IVfufij. red diamond and sleeves, white cap) 

323 234P00 IMPERIAL BLACK (T Webster) D McCain 

10- 10-0 R Crank 

(Black, royal blue striped sleeves and cap) 

324 4020-00 RUPERTINO (Lord Kenyon) E H Owen jun 

11- 10-0 G Charles Jones 

(YeBow. royal Okie striped shrews and cap) 

325 23-0100 SOMMELIER (D Wates) R Gow 

8- 10-0 TJTaaffe 

flBaroon. black hoop and cap) 

326 4FP02D YOUNG DRIVER (J Russell) J S Wilson 

9- 10-0 C Grant 

(YeBow. royal bhre chevron and star on cap) 

327 001141 MONANORE(J Meagher) W Hartley (Ire) 

9- 10-0 T Morgan 

' (YeBow. brown cross belts, green cap) 

328 3P0044 DU DIE (J Halewood) 0 McCain 

8- 10-0 K Doolan 

(Stock; red and white striped sleeves, hooped cap) 

32 9 20-0411 KNOCK HILL (P Thompson) J Webber 

10- 10-0 M Dwyer 

(White, bbek hoop and armlets, redcap, black star) 

330 F-23P01 BALL YMJ LAN (C) (F Sheridan) F Sheridan 

9- 10-0 - C Hawkins 

(Emerald green and yoBow halved, sleeves reversed, checked cap) 

331 213224 FETHARD FRIEND (BF) (K Al-SanJ) J Edwards 

11- 10-0 — P Barton 

(Red. wrue cap. green diamond) 

332 PUC30F LATE NIGHT EXTRA (U-Cal E PWfflps) K Baitey 

10- 10-0 . Mr T Thomson Jones 

(Dark green, red chenon, hooped cap) 

333 304-444 MASTER TERCEL (B Monkhouse) D Thom 

10- 10-0 E Murphy 

(Red. black stars, black cap) 

334 320320 ST ALEZAN (Lord Coventry) M Tate 

9-10-0 C Smith 

(Chocolate, pakr blue sleeves and cap) 

335 20-0322 PORT ASKAIG (B) (Lord Chelsea) T Forster 

9-10-0 G McCourt 

(Brown, etor blue epaulets and cap) 

336 3-PP201 LITTLE P0LVE1R(M Shone) J Edwards 

9- 10-0 — — C Brawn 

(Rod. white sleeves, red and tpey segmented cap) 

337 P4-P400 DOUBLEUAGA1N (B Clark) C Holmes 

12- 10-0 C Mann 

(Scarlet white cross belts, purple capl 

338 11 11 -OF TEN CHERRIES (BF) (M BeB) Mrs M Rimell 

11- 10-0 A Sharpe 

(White, black hoops, white sleeves, red cap) 

339 002321 NORTHERN BAY (IQ (Cheveley Park Stud) T BiH 

10- 10-0 Philip Hobbs 

(Red. white sash, black cm) 

340 0P3043 MOUNT OLIVER (B) (D Smith) M Scudamore 

8-10-0 J Bryan 

(Mute and red stripes, white sleeves, striped cap) 

6-1 West Tip, 8-1 Mr SnugfiL 10-1 Door Latch, 14-1 Last Suspect. 18-1 
Hallo Dandy, Corbtera, 204 Classified, Greasepaint Broomy Bank, Knock 
Hid. The Tsarevich, 25-1 Northern Bay, Monanore. 33-1 Plundering, 
BaBmacurra Lad. Fethard Friend. Port Askaig, 40-1 Ountargan, Acarine, 

a Forget, Young Driver, 50-1 BaUytnUan, Gayle Warning, Kiikitowen, 
Poweir, Tracy s Special, Sontnefer, 66-1 Imperial Black, Rupert! no. 
100-1 others 


ESSEX won 6 races ovw lances (2m-2m an in CzechoskraHa. CORBIERE ni*2) 2nd 
beaten IS to LAST SUSPECT (11-21 5 ran. Chepstow 3m Web soft Mar 15. Ea rihr{10- 
12) won all txj from Lack* DWJlwm) LITTLE POLWBR (10-10) 5th beaten 7L Warwick 
3m 4f h'cep di soft Feb «. muWLAItaAN (1243 7th beaten over 71 to Bold Agent (9-7) 
with KUOLOWEN (11-11J 6th beaten over 7KL 8 ran. Down Royal 3m h'cap ch good 
Mar 17. KUOLOWBI (12-0) 2nd beaten 21 to Larrys Latest (10-9) witn GREASEPAINT 
(11-4) 3rd beaten 9 and DUDE (10-2) 4th beaten TO. 9 ran. Leaptedstown 2m 4f h’cap 
ch good Mar 4. Earier KHJULOWEN (1 1 6) 2nd beaten a u Bobsine (1 2-0), 5 ran. Naas 
Bn a h'cap ch heavy Jan 4. LAST SUSPECT (11-8) won 71 from Two Coppers (10-0). 9' 
ran. Chepstow 3m fit h'cap ch soft Jan B. 

LAST SUSPECT (105) won this race last year byl VH from HI SNUGFIT (1043), with 
CORBIERE tii-im id beaten 4*L 6 «EAS EPAWT_(1H3) ath beaten 11W, 
CLASS RED (io-7) Sth beaten 21 W, IMPERIAL BLACK (10-1) 8m beaten 51 KL 
RUPERTINO (10-0) 7th, HALLO DANDY (10-12) tel 1st WEST TIP foil 22nd, when going 
well. DUDE II 04h toB 19lh. NORTHERN BAY (1 0-1) Ml 2nd. BROOMY BAML (10-7) re- 
tused 23rd after saddle slipped . DRUMARQAN (11-8) pulled is 23rd due to a broken 
blood vessel, FETHARD FRENO (10-7) putted up 19th, 40 ran. Liverpool good Mar 30. 
DOOR LATCH (11-10) 3rd beaten 61 to You're Welcome (9-10) with PLUNDeRMG (10-9) 
4th beaten 9 and AGARHE (11-8) 8th beaten 20. B ran. Sandown 3m 1 ibd h'cap eh 
good Mar 0 Earkar DOOR LATCH(11-I)3rd beaten 91 io Brunton Park (10-4), Bran. As- 
cot 3m h'cap ch good Feb 5. 

DOOR LATCH (10-9] 2nd beaten Z to Combs Dkch (11-01 ante WEST TIP (10-9) 6th 
beaten ow 301. 7 ran. Haydoek 3m h'cap ch soft Jan 18. ACAMNT earfrer (10-10) 2nd 
beaten 31 to Western Sunset (10-10). 7 tan. Ascot 3m h'cap ch good to soft Jan 10 

Stand by West Tip and Dunwoody 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

=R(T03)Stn, _ . 

Mar 13. Earlier DOOR LATCH (102) won 81 from WEST TV 
6th beamn 271. BALUNACURRA LAD (10-fl) last, 0 ran. Aw 
OTjll-9) 5th beaten 15MI to MONANORE <1 

heavy Mar 20. Earitor GREASEPAINT (1 1-7) won cist from I 
Waterford 2m 61 ch heavy Jan 1. BALUNACURRA LAO (1 1-«) 
(11-6). G ran. Cheltenham 2m 4( h'cap ch good Mar 13. Ear 

from WEST HP (1 0-7) wflh CORBIERE (1 00) 
Ascot 3m h'cap ch good Dec 14. 
6 ran. Gowran 2m 41 ch 

Girl (11-7). 5 ran. 

. .. . __ Free 


. . reap ch good N _ . 

1 1-3) won S from Rfty Dotes More (11-1 n, 6 ran. Sandown 2m 4f h'cap eh soft Fdb 1. 

Earlier BALUNACURRA LAD (11-4) 3rd beaten ~ " 

7J4L 10 ran. a 

LAD (11 

CLASSIFIED (11-0) 6th beaten 47 
) DANDY (11-1)' 

16*1 to Simon Legree (10-5) 

ion 47 Xj. 10 ran. Chetanhan 2m 41 h'cap ch soft Fab 
lid from YOUNG DRIVER (10-10) wfrh WHYFOBGET 111-1) 
m h'cap Ch good to sort Mar a MR SNUGFIT (12-7) 2nd 
beaten 1 SI to Binge (105). 10 ran. Cari&e 3m h'cap soft Mar 7. 

THE T&MEVTCH (ft-5) won hi from Roadster wrth CLASSFED (11-3) Sth 
beaten 141, 16 ran. Gheftanftam 2m 41 h'caoch Mar 12. Eariter THE TSAREVICH tn-S) 
2nd beaten 151 to Rwunan (10S), 5 ran. Kempnn ten 4f h'cap ch good Jan 10 LANTERN 
LODGE (10-12) 19th to Sawn Bn) (9-1 1). 20 ran. ClonmMan 4fMa heavy Fob 0 Ear- 
her fi i -9) 2nd beaten 3) to Triple Venture (9-SL 5 ran. Limerick 3m oh good to son Oet 4. 
TRACTS SPECIAL putted up last two outings. Barter (12-0)4ai beaten 22X1 to Combs 
DHch (1240 5 ran. Wncanton 2m 51 ch soft Jan 0 BROOMY BANK (1 1-0) Sth beaten 141 
to Gtyde Cowl (1 1 -0) with SOMMELIER (10-1 3) 7th beaten over 19. 20 ran. Cneftenham 
3m h'cap ch good to soft Mar 1 1. Earlier BROOMY BANK (11-1) IQtn to KNOCK MLL 
n0-S| when TORT ASKAIG (105) finshad 2nd beaten HI with NORTtEHN BAY (10-11 
ted beaten *1. nk. SOMMEUER (10-10) 7th. BALLYWLAN 0-12} 8th. Gntsheo tame. 15 
ran. Warwick Am It h'cap ch good Jan 10 
GAYLE WARNMG recentty "on a pomt-to-pomt Barter 111 -3) 3rd beaten 3 to 
ChMite Ouf ri l-4t 8 ran. Kelso 3m run cn good Mar IS. WHY FORtin' (ir-itl ted 
beaten 3\l to Smgafong Sam (1040 11 ran. Ketso 3m h'cap ch good Mar 19. ANOTHER 
DUKE (11 -7) 2nd beaten filto Beamwam (11 .(017 ran. Notfing ha m ten Sf hunch good to 
Hrm Mar 10 PLIMOBUNG (11-M 9tn beaten owr 201 to MLLYMLAH (1 1-0) wtoi ST 
ALEZAN (1(F3) 8th beaten 20L 16 ran. Newbury 3m 2J h’cap ch good Mar 21 . tarter ST 
ALEZAN (1^ 1^ -efi 2nd beaten sh hd to Oyster Pond (1 1-8) 8 ran. Doncaster 2m 41 n'cap ch 
to firm Mar 0 TACROY putted i*> latest starts writer (11-11) Bth to Peaty Sandy 
12 ran. Newcastle 3m h'cap ch good Nov 16. 

IAL BLACK til-2) 5th beaten 3afte Walnut Wonder tll-a. 10 ran. Bangor 2m 4t 
h eap ch good Mar 22. KUreRTMO (1 1-9 7th to NORTHERN BAY (10-10) wm MOUNT 
IXJVER n0ltB4th beaten 17L 12 ran. Wto tee r han aton 3m 4t h'cap ch good to firm Mar 
14. MONANORE Barker (104) 4tti beaten IT to Hard Case (10-13). 11 ran. 
Leooardstown 3m chgood Feb 16. KNOCK MILL IIO-I) won 1 )4I from NORTHERN BAY 
(10-O) wtlh MOUNT OLIVER (10-4)ted hasten SSw.COf 
ran. Chefterfham 4m h'cap ch soft Jan 2. PETHS 

Pardon (108). 14 ran. Worcester ten 51 h'cap Ch .. . . . 

J104|2nd beaten 51 to Everett (1240 3 rai. Ascot 3m h'cap eh hrm Oct 30 

(104)401 beaten 6HL 8 

1 4m h'cap ch soft Jan 2. FETHARD FTOEND (11-7) 4th beaten 33 to No 
- — - taoft. Mar 19. Earlier FETHARD FRIEND 

. __ j (11-1) 481 beaten 17HI to Golden Friend (11-1SD, 12 ran. 
Wolverhampton 3m If h'cap ch good id Dm Jan 10 PORT ASKAIQ (102) aid beaten 

Trap ch good lo Dm Jan 10 PORT ASKAIG 
1 Kite Maori Ventura (11-7L Bran. Urmfield ten heap ch 

27. DOUBU 

POLVER (l 1-gi vwn hd from Golden Hornet (10-1L 1 1 

LEUAGA1N (11-1$) 5th .beam 13jM to Mount Feddene (9-13). 13 ran. 

to soft Mar 10 LITTLE 
3m h'cap ch soft Mar 

Ptumptcn 2m 4f h eap ch soil Mar 29. TEN CtERRES unseated rider last me, eerier 
(12-0) TVi beaten wer 48l to Attitude Ad|uster (1241), 14 ran. Chettenhem 3m 2f him ch 

Mar 13. NORTHERN BAY (10-11) 2nd : 

3m flf h'cap tSi soft Mar 0 

IXri u RoR-A-joim (104) 5 ran, 
WEST TIP. AfieraabME BALLYWLAN (each-way). 

West Tip has been my fancy 
for this year's Grand National, 
sponsored again by Seagram, 
ever since he ran so well 
before toppling over on land- 
ing over Becher’s Brook sec- 
ond time around 12 months 
ago. I shall always believe that 
he was going like a winner 
then. And 1 know that his rider 
Richard Dunwoody also 
thinks that he would have 
won, because be West Tip was 
almost running away with the 
race at die time of his disaster, 
so easily was he going. _ 

M Perhaps, on reflection, be 
was going too well and I got 
there too soon”, was 
Dunwoody’s recent rueful 
comment when w discussed 
his prospects, which he rates 
equally good this year given 
better luck. And, three things 
have happened of lat e to 
convince me that WEST TIP 
can compensate his followers 
this afternoon. 

First, he has struck form at 
precisely the right moment 
with a good confidence-build- 
ing win at Newbury a fortnight 
ago. Second, Beau Ranger, the 
horse that beat that day, has 
just given his form an almost 
unbelievable boost by beating 
Wayward Lad and Very 
Promising here on Thursday. 

On the same day, 
Dunwoody himself received 
the perfect shot in the arm 
when he won the Whitbread 
Trophy over the Grand Na- 
tional fences on Glennie. So 
his confidence will be sky 
high. But will West Tip’s, 
following that fall a year ago? 
Thai is the crucial question 
which only another trip 
around Liverpool will answer. 

Dunwoody dearly has no 
qualms and nor do I. Having 
never taken my glasses of him 
for a second in either of his 
last two races, I am inclined to 
agree that his fall last year was 
a one-off. Each tune his 
jumping was a perfect blend of 
brilliance and safety and I will 
be disappointed if his dexter- 
ity proves vulnerable again. 

1 will also be disappointed if 
he is not good enough to win 
with only lOst 1 lib on his 
back. For he is a good horse 
who stays really well and I 
reckon that the ground will 
suit him. too. because it was 
much the same when he won 
at Newbury recently. So, there 
my case rests. What now of the 

Corbiere, Hello Dandy and 
The Tsarevich are the three 
that I take to fill the places. 

In my opinion, no short list 
is complete without Corbiere, 
the winner in 1983 and placed 
third in both subsequent 
runnings. Dearly be does not 
know how to run a bad race 
.around Aintree. And contrary 
to what his trainer, Jenny 
Pitman, says the handicapper 
has not been hard on him 
because he will be meeting 

Weld’s old* 
may have 
his day 

From Our Irish 

Cenre^JOfident, Dublin 

The confMewe of Deraw* 
WeM in the atriUty of Grease- 
samttowia the Grand NtlioMl, 
ai Us fourth attempt alter thm«? 
IrtKMvable hSures was height*. 
ened when the Rnumd started to 
jn out yesterday aJtefseoa and; 
when he saddled his four-year- . 
old. Dark Rarest to via the. 
Cha&tei Hnrttte at Aiatree widk^ 
LOimimiiTr fir - 

Greasepaint Gts well into the - 
category of tried nod One 
Aintree performers, having fin-, 
ished second B> Cmhterc, second 
to Dandy nod fourth t»~ 

Last Suspect In the last three 

West Tip, who has been heavQy backed after returning to his best form at exactly the right time 

Last Suspect and Mr Snugfh, 
last year’s winner and second, 
on 141b and 101b better terms. 
Corbiere has 1 1st 71b to carry 
this afternoon. In his last three 
ventures to Aintree he has 
carried list 101b; I2st and 
1 1st 41b. 

Hallo Dandy, the victor two 
wars ago, was a taller at the 
first fence last year. Trained 
by Gordon Richards, who also 
won with Lucius Hallo Dandy 
is thought to be at his peak 
now following a good win at 
Ayr four weeks ago. He will 
also relish the ground. 

Another likely to be in his 
element is The Tsarevich. a 
10-year-old with a touch of 
class capable of winning the 
Mi Id may of Flete challenge 
Trophy at Cheltenham for the 
past two seasons. As a 2% mile 
specialist around park courses 
there must be a doubt about 
him lasting today’s marathon 
trip at Aintree. 

However, those who fancy 
him can draw confidence from 
the achievements of both Gay 
Trip and Specify who were 
cast in a similar mould. But 
when all is said and done the 
National is basically a stayers' 
race even on good ground and 
J think that the long ran-in 
could prove The Tsarevich’s 
undoing if he is still in 
contention jumping the last 

The history of the National 
is littered with fairytales At 
the end of the day I reckon 
that West Tip's recovery from 
a near fetal collision with a 
lorry - the scars are still only 
too apparent - is more likely to 
be told than the life of Essex 
behind the Iron Curtain in 

There was a time when I 
would have considered 
Drmnbngan a likely winner, 
especially if it was very soft 
underfoot, but those times 
have long since past. Second 
favourite a year ago he never 
really got into the race proper 
and he was eventually pulled 
up with a broken blood vesseL 

Sjlkflowen jumped these 
big fences brilliantly last year 
when he finished third in the 
Whitbread Trophy, but anoth- 
er circuit of the course con- 
fronts him this time and the 
feeling is that his stamina will 
run out long before the end. 

On the other hand no 
distance is too far for last 
year’s winner. Last StapecL 
The question is will his tem- 
perament. which has always 
been suspect, survive the ex- 
amination again, especially 
when the ground is likely to be 
faster than he really cares for. 

Door Latch is a good 
jumper, who has been compet- 
ing with the best this season. 
But he is only eight years old 
and I cannot help but wonder 
whether such a searching test 
as this is not coining a year too 
soon. On the handicap, 
though, he has much the same 
sort of chance as West Tip, so 
I cannot put anyone off back- 
ing him. 

Having finished second in 
the race twice and fourth once. 
Greasepaint boasts a record 
that is almost as good as 
Corbiere's. My feeling is that 
he has had his chance, but he 
will relish the good going, 
whereas I am sure that 
Ballinacam Lad would like it 
much softer. 

The same comment applies 

to last year’s nmner-up, Mr 
Snngfit, who was bought re- 
cently by Terry Ramsden, one 
of the more flamboyant own- 
ers of today. 

Classified and Northern 
Bay are others to have 
changed hands recently. As a 
result of deals struck only this 
week they now both belong to 
the Cheveley Park Stud. Last 
year they enjoyod differing 
experiences. Classified finish- 
ing fifth. Northern Bay falling 
at the second. They are also 
totally different types. Classi- 
fied being in the 2 f/ 2 -mile 
mould. Northern Bay an out- 

and-out stayer. 

This season Northern Bay's 
form is entwined with that of 
Knock Hill, another to have 
proved himself over four 
miles or more. 

Supporters of Broomy Bank 
trill be hoping that this is a 
case of third time lucky. These 
days he seems either to win or 
finish unplaced with no in 

Having won the 
Foxhunters’ Chase over the 
big fences two years ago. 
Gayle Warning is in the 
Spartan Missile category. He 
missed all of last season, but 
ran respectably in his first and 
only race this year at Kelso 

Plundering, from Fred 
Winter’s stable, would have 
been on my shortlist but for 
that rather indifferent perfor- 
mance at Newbury IS days 
ago. A dose fourth in the 
Whitbread Gold Cup at 
Sandown two seasons ago, he 
has always been seen as a good 
ground National horse by his 
immensely experienced train- 

er, who is one of few men to 
have both ridden and trained 
the winner of the great race. 

Imperial Black and 
Rupe i t io o finished sixth and 
seventh in the race 12 months 
ago. They will excel if they do 
better this afternoon. 

In an attempt to win the 
race for a fourth time, Tim 
Forster, the Letcombe Bassett 
trainer, will be saddling Port 
Askaig in addition to Last 
Suspect. I find h significant 
that Dunwoody asked to be 
excused the ride on Port 
Askaig so that he could part- 
ner West Tip instead, but then 
horses have made fools of 
hu mans before and it could 
easily happen again in this of 

Graham McCourt, the man . 
called upon to deputise for 
Dunwoody cm Port Askaig 
was certainly in brilliant form 
on Thursday when he landed a 
179-1 double, so Lord 
Chelsea’s 1 1-year-oW will 
have the best possible assis- 
tance from the saddle. And 
remember Forster has done it 
before with 40-1 .and 50-1 
outsiders, besides his well- 
fenried winner. Well To Do: 
who started at 14-1. Forster 
will emulate tire late and great 
trainer, Fred Rimefi, if either 
of his runnere wins this after- 
noon and triumphs for a 
fourth time. 

•-The National dates from 
1837, and in the early days 
took-. place .over fields ^and. 
farmland at neaiby. MaghulL 
The Duke, who won the first- 
two runnings, jumped 40 
fences' and two flights of 
hurdles and took **about 15 
minutes’ to get round. 

It is pertaps ■ little odd to’ 
reflect Hurt ia the period cowed , 
by these three gun efforts. ■ 

Gr«*sep*xflt h*s mmniiaed to win 
only one snail race. Ttetf sac-, 
cess ms * very vital me ai the 
Tnumre New Year’s Day meet. 1 
inV, for had he faded then WT . 
weald have had M - other* 
opportunity of qaalifytoR for* 

today’s race. 

This saga of fattens is wr 
refleeflon opoa his ahilzty. bat . 
rather «b his growing d ritmie , 
far ssfi groand. He showed whxt 
he was capable of when he bad. 
underfoot conditions to Us lib-', 
ing with a spendid run ander top : 
weight of 12st in the Digital.' 
Ga&ay Plate, tt* praafer 
mer drase Bt frefa&d. . * 

Hearty backed, be did not 
look as if wo«dd reach the first- 
three approaching the final 
fepce far he was trailing fire of! 
his rf fate, tea he pot in a 
storming run up tire luB to be 
beaten only a length by Chow* , 
Mete. >« 

Afl thr oug h the winter Weld , 
has had osty tare race ia ated It 
to Greasepaint and he, struck an. 
extremely optimistic note yes- 
terday evening about the way in' 
which be has cone thr ott g b Ms 
preparation. - -* 

The faster gnanad win, on the’ 
other hand be against,. 
Drandargan and Monanore, 
The fanner brake a Mood vessel 
te this race last year' •'and* 
no wa da ys- haa lost a lot of Jtir 
speed, but Monanore has cer- 
tainly improved considerably 
since tire be ginnin g rf the year. -» 
Kfflutoitn adreud certainly 
jump around but Ins stamina is 
most saspect. • r 

Hopes for $8m 
O’Brien colt 

in Ireland, the Phoenix Park 

. and the, 

O’Brien and Par 
. Eddery get together far tire first 
time te 1986 <Onr Irish 
Correspondent writes). 

The test runner from fte 
yard; fioperial Falcon, sbotrid 
cat lately be capable- of .whoring 
the Pegasus Stud Maiden (or be 
is. reported, to.have i mpro ved 
over the winter having nm eigtli 
of 20 to iris. stable companion. 
Woodman, in the Ferraas Fu- 
turity Stakes. Imperial Fakm is 
tire Northern. Dancer colt efn 
fetched. S 8 - 7 5 m' a disputed 
Keedand Saks transaction. 

A to Z guide to the 40 big-race contenders 

ACARINE: Has lost bis sparkle in recent 
races, but would have an each- way chance on 
last season’s good form. Robert Strange has 
given up the ride on Rupertino to partner 
Acarine, who is suited by soft ground and 
forcing tactics. 

ANOTHER DUKE: Having leased fire 13- 
year-old just 10 days ago, Desmond Lynam, 
the BBCs anchor man, will be hoping to see 
him produce a grandstand finish. Ran well at 
last year’s Cheltenham Festival and is one of 
the better longshots. 

Chase final two years ago when trained in 
Ireland, but then lost form until joining 
Martin Pipe this season. Like Nicky 
Henderson’s pair, he is best at 2 x h miles, but 
has a touch of class. 

BALLYMILAN: Trained under permit near 
Leamington by Felix Sheridan, this genuine 
stayer is a half-brother to the 1983 third. Yer 
Man. Won well at Newbury a fortnight ago 
and is good value at 50-1. 

BROOMY BANK (-:8:U): Deserted by stable 
jockey, Paul Barton, in favour of Fethard 
Friend, so John Edwards has secured the 
season’s leading rider, Peter Scudamore, for 
what he believes to be the best of his trio. Un- 
lucky in running last year following fair effort 
in j 984. 

CLASSIFIED Bought on Wednesday 
by the Cheveley Park Stud, Classified has had 
a much lighter preparation than 12 months 
ago when he finished fifth. Represents See 
You Then team of Steve Smith Ecdes and 
Nicky Henderson, who will be praying for a 
drying wind for both his runners today. 
CORBIERE (1:3:3): The nearest thing we 
have seen to Red Rum this decade, but 
mercilessly treated by the handicapper. 
Despite this. Corbiere is sure to run his usual 
game race and is likely to be the most popular 
each-way choice. 

DOOR LATCH: Unlike his popular 91 -year- 
old owner, Jim JoeL Door Latch has youth on 
his side. Beat West Tip handsomely at Ascot 
and Haydoek, yet is likely to start a better 
price. Tipped by John Francome to win a 
National one day and Josh Gifford has 
already proved he has what it takes with 

DO UB LEU AG AIN (-: 1 3:-): Has not won 
since 1982 and is unlikely to end that 
appalling run today. Ambled round two years 
ago, but bis jumping has deteriorated since. 

DRUMLARGAN (-:-:P): Should be 
topweight today on all known form, having 
finished third to Burrough Hill Lad in 1984 
Gold Cup and won the Whitbread the 
previous year. Jumped well last year until 
breaking a blood vessel and 40-1 looks over- 
generous for one of his proven class. 

jumping errors. Has recently joini 
Red Rum’s trainer, Donald McCain, but 
seems unlikely to complete, let alone win. 
ESSEX: Trained in Czechoslovakia, bred in 
Hungary and with Russian and Venezuelan 
blood litres, Essex will add great colour to the 
occasion. Coach loads of supporters from his 
homeland have travelled to watch this first 
Iron Curtain runner for 25 years. His trainer, 
Vaclav Chaloupka, injured his hand on a 
stable door on Thursday, but will ride come 
what may. 

FETHARD FRIEND (-Jjy. Surprisingly 
chosen by stable jockey Paul Barton in 
preference to Broomy Bank. Second in 1982 
Irish National and seventh to Hallo Dandy 
here two years ago when trained in Ireland. 
Has had only one race since October so will 
strip fresher than most. 

GAYLE WARNING* proved his ability to 
jump these fences when winning 1984 
Foxhunters — a race Grittar landed on way to 
winning 1982 NaiionaL Genuine and acts on 
any going. 

GREASEPAINT (2:2:4): Like Corbiere, a 
hardy perennial but must have fast ground. 
With Drumlargan, Monanore and Kilkiloweu 
also in field, Greasepaint leads one of 
strongest Irish challenges in recent years. 
HALLO DANDY (4:1:F): Reunited with his 
regular jockey, Neale Doughty, who won on 
him two years ago. Hallo Dandy has had 
perfect gentle build-up. His first-fence error 
1 2 months ago was most uncharacteristic and 
he is better handicapped now than for two 
years. Acts on any going, but is best on good 

IMPERIAL BLACK (-:U:6): Donald 
McCain's first string is without a win for 27 
months, but finished a fair sixth last year. Has 
changed stables twice since and that is hardly 
the perfect preparation. 

K3LKILOWEN: Jumped the National fences 
brilliantly when third in last year's Whitbread 
Trophy under 12 sL But his trainer, Jim 
Dreaper (son of Arkle’s trainer, Tom 
Dreaper) has voiced doubts about his 

KNOCK HILL: An american-owned horse 
has won five times in the last 22 years and Pe- 
ter Thompson has a fair chance of joining the 
owners of Ben Nevis, L’Escargot, Highland 
Wedding, Jay Trump and Team Spirit on the 
roll of honour. Has won twice over four miles 
this season and finished second in Whitbread 
Trophy last year, handling these fences welL 
A chance first ride for Mark Dwyer. 

Gordon Richards and Neale 
responsible for 1984 winner. Hallo 

LANTERN LODGE: Has already won a 
National — the slightly less celebrated 
Guinness Kerry National at Listowel in 1984. 
Lightly-raced since and now partnered by 
Tony Mullins, who lost ride on Gold Cup 
winner. Dawn Run, to John O’NeilL 

LAST SUSPECT Made many scribes, 
myself included, eat humble pie fast year and 

I do not fancy a second helping. Brought out 
of retirement by Anne, Duchess of Westmin- 
ster (Aiide’s owner). Last Sospect couJd not 
have been more impressive in his two 
Chepstow wins. Connections are likely to be- 
doing a rain dance about now. 

LATE NIGHT EXTRA: Has failed to get 
round three times this season — hardly the 
right credentials for a National hopefuL 
Leading amateur Tim Thomson Jones will 
need to draw on all his experience to survive. 
LITTLE FOLVEtR: The outsider of John 
Edwards’s trio, bnt no forlorn hope. Won 
good trial at Sandown last season and 
returned to form right on cne at Ludlow last 

MASTER TERCEL: Now trained at New- 
market by David Thom, Master Tercel was 
bonght out of John Spearihg’s stable for only 
1,900 guineas, which could prove a bargain. 
This well-bred winner of six races showed be 
can jump these fences when fifth in last year’s 
Whitbread Trophy. 

MONANORE: One of only, five horses 
trained by veterinary surgeon. Bill Harney, in 
Co. Tippetary. Possibly the No.1 hope of the 
Irish, who have not scored since L’Escargot 

I I years ago* Acts on any ground but best in 

the mud. 

MOUNT OLIVER: His trainer, Michael 
Scudamore, won die race as a jockey on Oxo 
in 1959, but the inconsistent Mount Oliver 
seems unlikely to provide him with further 
National glory. 

MR SNUGFIT (-:-:2): Was having his ninth 
race of season when second 12 months ago, 
carrying 171b more than his long handicap 
weight. Has had much lighter p re p aration tins 
time and is handicapped to take revenge on 
Last Suspect Mick Easterby has proved his 
ability to get a horse spot-on for a big race 
with Lochnager (champion sprinter) and Mrs 
McCardy (1,000 Guineas) so do not be put off 
by his poor early form this season. 
NORTHERN BAY (-.-f): Trained at Ashby- 
de-la-Zouch by Tom BilL who has remarkable 
record at Cheltenham Festival and Aintree 
meetings. Northern Bay won twice over four 
miles or more last season and is- most 
consistent Best on fast ground. 
PLUNDERING: Has not produced his best 
for two years, but would have a sound chance 
if reproaudqg form which saw him finish 
dose fourth in Whitbread Gold Cup. His 
trainer, Fred Winter, has already ridden two 
winners (Sundew and Kfimore) and trained 
two (Jay Trump and Anglo). 

PORT ASKAIG: The second string of 71m 
Forster who would equal Fred Rimell's post- 
war record of four training triumphs if either 
this one or Last Suspect were successful. 
Richard Dunwoody would be red-faced if 
Port Askaig won as he has given up the ride to 
partner West Tip. Consistent and stays welL 
RUPERTINO (-:-:7): After early mistakes, 
ran a blinder last year to finish seventh. Has 
been tenderly handled this season and is an 
outsider with distinct each-way possibilities. 
SOMMELIER: Will be ridden for the first 
time by Tom Taaffe, whose father, Pat won 
on Quare Times and Gay Trip, This dour 

Mick Easterby and Ph3 Tuck, trainer and 
jockey of last year's runner-up, Mr Snngfit 

stayer has always looked a National type and 
is well suited by soft ground. 

ST ALEZAN: Usually makes the frame, but* 
bas not won for almost years. This race is - 
likely to come at the wrong end of a busy sea- 
son in which he bas already run 10 times. Has 
never won on soft ground. 

TACROY^ 1 2: F): His owner, Alf Duffield, 
has backed this horse to win a small fortune in 
past Nationals, but even this supreme, 
optuiust is unikely to risk another big gamble 
p 5 f . ^ year " oild k 35 shown no worthwhile* 
Form for mo re than 15 months • • _ 

TEN CHERRIES; Unlikely to add to the* 
Kim ell tally of four Nationals. A good humeri 
chaser last year, but yet to recapture that form- 
this season. • 


. . 4V - Basically a 2%-mile; 

horee with a touch of class — the same* 
crKtentialsas Gay Trip had when winning int 
1970. A Cheltenham Festival winner last* 
reason and this, but a newcomer to these* 
formidable fences. Goes well for John White.; 
TRACY’S SPECIAL: Had leg trouble last* 
*5 V 5 recapture excellent form* 
of 1983-84. Local bookmakers could take ai 

^ Will probably start- 

favourite for second year running. StUI going- 
s™"* « Bechet 

?Kh,J?i, year retted to form a£ 

Newbury two weeks ago. However, that was- 

- y “ e r ecessari1 ^'^ 

PlacaJ In the tea two’ 

who SbeS™ 

V *" 197s - One of! 



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Eliogarty to become 

: jisv 


^rokne Bcasky wrote anoth- 
W chapter m ibe fidrytale 
t raditio n of Aimrcc when 
paoinijsg the first woman to 
nde a winner over the Grand 
National fences in the REA. 
Bott Foxhunters’ Chase yes- 
terday. Partnering her own 
borse, Efiogarty, the 27-year- 
wd Shropshire jockey, took 

By Michael Seety 

Eudk*w. w Miss Beasley in- 
tends to start training m the 
next year or two. but has not 
yet derated whether die wiH 
ride EUogarty in next year’s 

National. j 

Pre-National tension con- 
tinued to mount on a glorious-? 
Iy sonny afternoon. After 
Branico had been beaten into 

the champion Irish trainer. “If 
he makes the grade, well sell 
him as a stamon, 1 *' said, the 
man who saddled a record 136 
winners cm the Flat last sear 
sen. /Tf not, neU think aboot 
taking on See Yon Then in 
nett year’s Champion 

&mmtm ' ' ,0 

wr ' 

•.*>. V£~ ; 

the fifth fence from home. 
Galloping on strongly 
EUogarty beat Venture To 
Cognac by IS lengths 

“I don't know whether this 
race or Cheltenham has given 
me the baggest thrill,” site 
HlJiitfl 1 got over the last 
safety , 1 was too busy concen- 
trating on getting round.** 
Venture to Cognac was badly 
hampered .when Peace Clash 
fell and otherwise would have 
finished closer to the winner. 

In his younger days 
EUogarty was trained by John 
Hassett in Ireland, but the 1 1- 
year-old was prepared for 
yesterday’s race by David 
Murray-Smhh at Lamb onrn. 
“Carofine himted the home 
and qualified h « m with the 
Albrighton at her home. She 
sent him to me in January.” 

It was only by chance that 
vibe blinkered winner was in 
^yesterday’s fine-up- “We were 
going to run him at Chepstow 
on Tuesday, text when that 
meeting was abandoned, we 
decided to come on here.” The 
intrepid rider went on: “We 
decided to put the bfinkets on 
today as he ran so lazily when 
beaten by Border mxrg at 

cud's owner said that he 51 m 
stands to win over a mfllion 
pounds if Mr Snugfit wins this 

“If Bnrnico had won, the 
doubles and trebbles cuppling 
him with I Bin Zoldoon and 
Stearsby running on to Mr 
Snugfit would have seen him 
start 3-1 favourite,” said the 
nation’s most fearless punter. 
“As it is I shall still win seven 

The 34-year-old corpor a te 
financier fim Wfckfbrcf in 
Essex certainly believes in 
pressing his hide. Yesterday 
meaning before racing he ad- 
mitted having placed a further 
wager of £50,000 each way on 
last year’s runner up at 34. 

New riding tactics were 
adopted on Bnrnico, who was 
sent into the lead turning into 
file straight. Bat the 7-4 
favourite was totally outpaced 
in the dosing stages as Tom- 
my Carmody drove Dark 
Raven dear of Raretylo, the 
other Irish challenger to win 
by four lengths. 

Now unbeaten in four out- 

World -commented, “the go- 
ings perfect and there'll be no 
excuses. He is a fanny old 
horse and he's getting on a bat, 
but I can tell you he’s never 
been in better shape.” 

After Richard Dunwoody 
had ridden his second winner 
of the meeting on Arctic Bean, 
West Tip's jockey said: “No 
one can be confident about 
winning the National, but Tm 
very hopeful. 1 thought that 
West Tip lost concentration in 
the lead when he saw the 
crowd at Becher’s Brook last 

When asked about the 
heavy responsibility of 
partnering one of the 
favourites, Dunwoody went 
on: *Tm afraid Tve no time to 
worry about the punters. Fm 
too busy coping with those 30 
enormous fences. It’s Phil 
Tuck on Mr Snugfit wboTl be 
having to worry about Mr 
Ramsden's mBfions." 

Unfortunately, for Mick 
Easterly's nine-year-old’s 
connections I intend to give 
them the additional burden of 

*-* ** 


Fifty Dollars More, a winner at Iiverpool on Thursday, and who is fancied for today’s White 

Satin Chase on tire same course. 

No danger to See You Then 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 
at odds-oa is mt See You Then* second Chun- 

wffl have his attention turned 
to die Flat by Dermot Weld, 

make West Tip and Corfnere 

the main tfanjp t 

nearty as prevalent these days as 
if was before betting tax was 
infirsdaced; - obviously profit 
awrgte bare decreased consid- 
erably- Nevertheless, 1 expect 
many to go la heads down and 
hack the Champion Hurdler, 
SEE YOU THEN, to win the 
Snademan Handle at Ainteee 
this afternoon. 

The factor winch shettfd help 
his mice a little is that he has 
never gone the distance before, 
unlike Sheer Gold who is a 
proven stayer. But he has always 

looked capable of it and having 
sees him looking “a mffifcm 
denars" in his box hi Lamboarn 
on Tuesday evening X e an only 
encourage these who want to 
have a crack at the bookmakers. 

The extraordinary aspect of 

nion Hurdle victory was that he 
won in I spite of the fket that be 
probably needed the race. So, 
now that he b right, what is 
there to stop him? Nothing m 
this field, I suggest. 

By the time that he goes to 
post, his jockey, Steve Smith 
Ecdes should have pat himself 
to the right frame of mind by 
winning the Captain Morgan 

After winmiK the fast race on 
Thursday, FrftY DOLLARS 
MORE has remained on band to 
contest the White Satin Chase. 
Provided that be b none the 
worse for his exertions, be 
should be in a different league to 
his opponents this afternoon. 

In tee final race at Liverpool, 
the Champagne Mamin 
Novices’ Hostile, tee way looks 
much easier fm tee San Alliance 
Hurdle fourth, AHERLOW, 
now teat Ten Pins, his am- 
qnerar at the Festival meeting, is 
not naming. 

On tee Flat at LingfiekL 
ZLING MELODY (445) are 
three recent winners that 1 fancy 
to cash in oo their proven fitness 

Chase for the s econd y ear to 
s u ccessio n on KATHIES LAD, 
who ran well at Chel te nham to 
litosh third in the Qneen Mother 
Champion Chase. He has Sib 
less to carry than when he won 
the race last year and on all 
known form he ought to prove 
equal to the task of giving the 
brave recent Sandewn winner 
Lefrak Gty 61b. 


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UNG naJD 245 Convcm Lad. Oscar de AiDwlM.HaleivcicxI VWnsr. Gentle Jane. 
Sousa, 14S Utarfans Lass. Rovscar, The Tenaris. 









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Five sound 
for Felton 

Three poini-io-poini meetings 
today offer the last chance of 
ualifying for lhe Audi Final at 

(Bnan Bed wntcsL 

In this event at the Uaagibby. 
fixed Price, who has already- 
booked his ticket for the Land 
Rover and Nitracc finals, hopes 
to qualify, under John 
Llewellyn, and extend his win- 
ning sequence to four. His 
record in wales over tee last two 
seasons surpasses that of Y ellow 
Jersey who took the 19S5 title. 

A surprising absentee from 
tee entries -at tee Morpeth is 
Flying Ace, which leaves the 
way open for Hummelmoor. 
who has Mighty Mark as his 
main opponent. 

Peter Greenall will ride Bor- 
der Burg in the final, so will not 
be unduly concerned about 
qualifying any of his four entries 
at Clifton^whTeme, but be will 
be endeavouring to narrow 
Mike Felton's lead of two in tee 
men's riding championship. 

At the Royal Artillery meet- 
ing, Felton has five rides all with 
good winning chances. 

Spwfcftxd Vote. 

Branham Moor. " 


.0fc Pemfjrokoahlro, 
PoInt-to-Fotnt Owners, 


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1984 brou^rt together two traditions. 

Ever since 1837 names like Becher's, Valentines and the Chair 

have become synonymous with the world’s greatest steeple chase. 
When in 1984 the ‘NATIONAL 7 came under threat it was 

When in 1984 the ‘NATIONAL 7 came under threat it was 
fitting that SEAGRAM should decide to help save this famous event 
In its own field, SEAGRAM has many Famous traditions 

Reims, S ANDEMAN PORT and SHERRY from Fbrtugal and Spain, 
and CAPTAIN MORGAN RU M from the Caribbean, not to mention 
other Famous brands such as WHITE SATIN GIN, 100 PIPERS 
These names are all part of SEAGRAM, a company that care deeply 
about heritage and integrity and who are proud to combine their own 
lona-tested traditions with the most A 

famous event in National Hunt Racing, 

Last Suspect 
Winner 1935 


The spirit behind the ‘National’ 





Nicholl relies 
on an omen 
as logic points 
to Liverpool 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

If the two-horse race at 
White Hart Lane was run on 
the grounds of logic, the result 
of this afternoon's FA Cup 
semi-final would be a foregone 
conclusion. Feed a computer 
with the relevant statistics, 
such as ability, confidence, 
experience, form and tem- 
perament. and it would pro- 
duce scarcely a single word or 
figure to support the case for 

No wonder that Liverpool, 
the former European champi- 
ons and a side overflowing 
with internationals, are the 
overwhelming favourites. The 
holders of Lhe Milk Cup for 
four successive seasons and 
the current leaders of the 
Canon League, they are stand- 
ing on the doorstep to Wem- 
bley in this competition for 
the fifth time in the last dozen 

Southampton have no such 
encouraging credentials. With 
only two current internation- 
als in their side, they have not 
won since belatedly gaining 
their initial away victory in 
the League three weeks ago. At 
the start of their recent dismal 
run. which includes a defeat at 
West Bromwich Albion, they 
happened lo take on Liver- 
pool at the Dell. They lost 2-1. 

Chris Nicholl, their manag- 
er. also has several injury 
problems. He would prefer to 
select both Wallace and Law- 
rence. who formed the spear- 
head with Moran in the 
triumphs over Millwali and 

Brighton in the previous two 
rounds. Instead he may have 
to rely on Moran, who has 
claimed only one goal in his 
last II games, and Jordan, 
who has yet to score in 14 
appearances so far this season. 

Nicholl's prediction that 
"we might be in for a heavy 
beating” could be frightening- 
iv realistic. Southampton, af- 
ter all. are fully 30 points 
below them in the first divi- 
sion table. “We might go out 
dressed in red." he says, “and 
then we might be lucky 
enough to pick up a few of 
their passes." 

But there will be one poten- 
tial flaw in Liverpool’s team 
sheet. The first name on it is 
Grobbelaar. the eccentric 
goalkeeper who. in the opin- 
ion of their own staff, has 
already cost them some 15 
League paints so far. 

By contrast. Southampton's 
greatest asset lies within their 

f reen jersey. Shilton. 

nglamfs most experienced 
goalkeeper with 78 caps, 
played at Wembley 19 years 
ago and has also collected a 
European Cup winner's med- 
al. One goal, the margin in at 
least one of the semi-finals in 
each of the last seven years, 
could be decisive. Although 
Rush is the most likely indi- 
vidual to score it Southamp- 
ton could defy 1 the odds and 
the logic. They can claim that 
they were always fated to go to 
White Hart Lane. Today they 
were scheduled to go there to 
meet Tottenham Hotspur. 

Friend and foe: Case, whom the Kop will both cheer and fear 

An unsuitable case 
for ill treatment 

Lineker’s fitness 
may be the key 

By Clive White 

One would have thought that 
after what Everton have 
achieved in the last two seasons 
their domestic dreams at least 
have all been realized. Bui 
Merse>siders are an avaricious 
crowd when it comes to success, 
continually dreaming up new 
dreams — and more often than 
not realizing those too. 
Everton s larget for this season 
is the elusive League and FA 
Cup double but what looked a 
little over a week ago as a 
distinct possibility is now seri- 
ously threatened by injuries to 
two players, one unsurpassed in 
the an of stopping goals, the 
other in scoring them. 

The threat to their aspirations 
posed by Southall’s broken an- 
kle was compounded by a 
hamstring injury to Lineker, 
who carries the hopes of En- 
gland. too. in Mexico in two 
months' time. Howard Kendall, 
the Evcnon manager, will wait 
until the last moment before 
deciding whether to risk Lineker 
against Sheffield Wednesday in 
today's FA Cup semi-final at 
Villa Park. 

With a fit Lineker, and even 
without Southall, for whom 
Mimms deputizes, it would be 
ditliculi not to forecast a third 
consecutive FA Cup final 
appearance for Everton. His 
absence would place a tall 
responsibility on Sharp. who 
will find himself facing any 
three of Wednesday’s five 
towering centre backs alone in 

an aerial sense. It may prove to 
be a job for Heath, the dimin- 
utive forward who came on as 
substitute with telling effect in 
(he two previous rounds, against 
Tottenham Hotspur and Luton 
Town, and will start today's 
game in Lineker's absence. 
Evertonians will remember it 
was Heath who scored lhe extra- 
time winner in their semi-final 
against Southampton two years 

While Kendall frowned over 
selection yesterday, the other 
Howard. Wilkinson, the Shef- 
field Wednesday manager, al- 
lowed himself a rare smile. The 
injured back of Hodge. 
Wednesday's child of woe. has 
responded to treatment and 
should recover in time. Hodge, 
once discarded by Everton. may 
feel he has a few points to prove 
to his former employers. 
Hesford is standing by in case he 
is denied the opportunity. 

While Wednesday’s 3-2 defeat 
to Evenon 20 years ago. in one 
of the more memorable Wem- 
bley finals, will be of no con- 
sequence to the present team 
(save for Gary Megson. whose 
father. Don. was on the losing 
side) another defeat against 
Everton may come more vividly 
and painfully to memory. In 
September they lost 5-1 at home 
to the champions and prompted 
Wilkinson to remark: “Now I 
know how the captain of the 
Titanic fell.” 

When the Kop temporarily 
assumes squatters' rights at 
While Hart Lane for this 
afternoon's FA Cnp semi-final 
between Liverpool and 
Southampton they will no donbt 
afford one visitor a respectful 
welcome to their home from 
home. Yet such friendship and 
hospitality could be put severely 
to the test by Jimmy Case. 

The Kop took to Case during 
his seven seasons with the dub 
in much the same way as they 
did to Alan Kennedy, whose 
storming runs from foil back 
they subconsciously likened to 
those of the hero wbo fakes (Hi 
the enemy single handed. 

From joining Liverpool under 
Shankly at the age of 19 when an 
apprentice electrician he had to 
straggle for a place in one of the 
most prestigious midfields in the 
country. His rivals, who in- 
dialed the likes of Heighway. 
McDermott. Ray Kennedy. Lee, 
Sonaess and Dalglish, bad one 
thing in common: they were all 
big names. Case regularly had to 
take his one England under-23 
cap off to them. 

But his determination to gain 
dub, if not international, recog- 
nition eventually forced him into 
the Liverpool team on 239 
occasions, daring which he won 
more medals than a war hero; 
but significantly, perhaps, no 
FA Cop winners' medals. 

He aims to put that right in 
his 31st year before it is too late. 
He is fortunate to have been 
relatively free of injury over the 
years and to possess a naturally 
good physical shape, just one or 
two pounds more than when in 
his prime at Anfield. Hb hunger 
for success has helped to sustain 


Few can appreciate better the 

inner workings of the Liverpool 
machinery. “At Liverpool you 
concentrate on the basics, keep- 
ing a move flowing, and putting 
pressure on opponents as soon 
as they are in possession. Liver- 
pool players seem to have the 
ability to maintain their 
concentration. While other nice 
footballing teams come unstuck 
on the difficult pitches, Liver- 
pool keep pressing on. Easter 
ns ually decides the champion- 
ship and I was not surprised to 
find Liverpool on top at the end 
of it. I fancied them even when 
they were 10 points behind 
Manchester United.” 

He considers Dalglish “near 
enough the best !'ve played 
with.” He said: “It's not so much 
what he does but wfaat yon get 
from him. He b such a meat 
team player.” He and Rush 
(“you've got to watch him even 
when he's palling hb socks on”) 
would need special attention 
from Southampton, he thought. 

Case relishes the prospect of a 
midfield tussle with McMahon, 
with whom he grew up in South 
Liverpool. McMahon provides 
tiie aggression in much the same 
way as the hard Case once did at 
Anfield. though hb young 
successor at the moment lacks 
the same vision and long-range 
sniping ability that was mxl still 
is Case's hallmark. 

The Kop still remembers the 
strike by Case for Brighton 
three seasons ago when the 
second division dnb audaciously 
removed Liverpool from the FA 
Cop at Anfield. If Case has been 
forgiven for that, be has Hot been 

Clive White 

Dreaming in Edinburgh 

By Hugh Taylor 

Men who need to be on target 

Kettering Town and Runcorn, 
who have (he two best defensive 
records in the Gola League, arc 
hoping that the return of their 
leading goal-scorers can break 
the deadlock today in their FA 
Trophy semi-final (Paul New- 
man writes). Mark Smith (Ket- 
tering) and Mark Carter 
(Runcorn) are back in action 
after suspension and injury 
respectively ruled them out of 

last week's goalless first leg 

Kettering are likely to be 
backed by a crowd of at least 
3.000. but John Williams. 
Runcorn's manager, believes 
that that could work in his side's 

The other semi-final is in a 
similar position. Altrincham 
earned a l-l draw at Enfield last 
week, but the London side are 
confident of success. 

Hopes are high in Edinburgh 
that Heart of Midlothian and 
Hibernian will emerge victori- 
ous from today’s Scottish Cup 
semi-final and provide for the 
capital’s enthusiasts, so long 
starved of success, a Cup final 
contested by their famous old 
clubs. Only once before have the 
rivals met in a final. That was in 
1896. when Hearts beat Hibs 3- 

Alas, for the dream of the 
supporter;, few outside the cap- 
ital are willing to bet that such a 
final is anything but a flight of 
fancy. Even Hearts, who are on 
the crest of a wave, are finding 
that they are not everyone’s 

favourites to carry all before 
them. Their opponents at 
Hampden. Dundee United, have 
more experience of the national 
crowd, have the soundest de- 
fence in the country and play 
effective as well as entertaining 
football. Hearn will have the 
backing of at least 25,000 
supporters and they are playing 
with such confidence — team- 
work being iheir strength — that 
they will not be overawed by a 
United team with eight 

With both sides still believing 
they can take the double of 
League and Cup. this should be 
a fascinating semi-finaL 


Special semi-final 
is shrouded in 
tactical mystery 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

A capacity crowd of 15.000. 
the biggest in the history of the 
competition outside a final, will 
watch Leicester’s John Player 
Special Cup semi-final against 
Bath, the holders, at Welford 
Road today. They wiD reflect the 
enthusiasm and expectations of 
two splendidly-supported dubs, 
though whether the rugby will 
live up to their expectations is 
open to question. 

This is one game where, 
however meticulous the 
preparations, neither team can 
anticipate how the other will 
play. In contrast, the other game 
for a place at Twickenham on 
April 26, between Wasps and 
London Scottish at Sudbury, 
may be more dear-cut in that 
Wasps, despite the inclusion of 
Davies at centre for the ipjured 
Lozowski, may pul their faith in 
(heir forwards in a bid to reach 
iheir first finaL 

They are the only one of the 
four clubs not to have appeared 
in a Cup final before. London 
Scottish have to look back to 
1974 for their only previous 
appearance but Leicester were 
there every year between 1978 
and 1981. and in 1983. while 
Bath have won the last two 
finals. It is the en viable record of 
three successive finals victories 
that Leicester defend today, 
having won the Cup themselves 
between 1979 and 1981. 

Those respective records form 
part of the fascination of the 
game at Leicester; the other is 
the potential which oozes from 
both teams, Bath stuffed with 
nine England internationals, 
Leicester with five. Will the 
ability available in both back 
divisions be used or will the 
teams play a restricted game, 
fearful of mistakes which may 
offer the game to the other side? 

Over both hangs the shadow 
of the national merit table game 
back in September, when Bath 
went to Welford Road and 
claimed a 40-15 win. Nothing 
quite so traumatic had hap- 
pened to Leicester for years and 
they spent the next two months 
tightening the nuts and bolts in 
their forward game, aware that it 
was in that area that Bath so 
utterly confounded them. 

“No-one expects 40 points in 
the Cup match,” Jack Rowell, 
the Bath coach, said. “It was one 
of those days when a lot of 
things went right for us, when all 
Stuart Barnes’s kicks went over, 
but Leicester didn't cave in. We 
were playing very well then and 
the next week we took 50 points 
off Moseley. We caught a few 
people on the hop because we 
were trying out some new 

“Leicester wiD have learned 
from that game; they are playing 
at home, they have the players it. We watched their Cup 
quarter-final against Harlequins 
on video and they played like we 
did against them. But we talked 
this week about the things we do 
well and, within, the pressure 
that is bound to be there, we 
want to use the backs.” 

There has been a lot of make- 
do and mend in the Bath camp 
this Fast fortnight, hinted ax by 
their inclusion as replacements 
of four forwards and only two 
backs, but no-one will doubt the 
intensity of their effort. 

Similarly the endeavour Lon- 
don Scottish win show at Sud- 
bury is not in doubt. Their 
confidence has grown over the 
last 18 months. They have 
CarapbeU-Lamenon to offer 
line-out ball and the outstanding 
form of Macklin, their captain, 
both at set-piece and in the 
loose. . 

They will hope to play a well- 
rounded game, to use the 
strength and speed of Hastings, 
and the young promise of 
Ren wick to overcome wfaat will 
be a strong Wasps defence. 

Wasps have had to make 
adjustments to a flow the inclu- 
sion of Davies at centre and they 
may play in a style similar to 
that they employed at Notting- 
ham before Easter with Bates 
stuping away in conjunction 
with his back row and Rees 
sliding testing diagonal kicks 
into the corners. 

Davies, who has not played 
since damaging a shoulder in the 
France-Engknd international 
last month, came through a 
fitness test on Thursday eve- 
ning. With Rees settling so well 
at stand-off half and Stringer at 
fidl-back. Wasps’ gamble here is 
understandable. They have only 
been in one semi-final before, in 
1979. when they conceded 40 
points to Leicester. They will 
not wish to make the same 
ignominious exit again. 

USCeSTER: W Hare; B Evans. P 
Dodge. S BumteB, K WSBcwn; L Cusworth 
(cam). N Youngs S Rerifem. C Trustor, 
WFbchartison, J Weis. J Davwson. M 
Foidfces-Amoto. R Tebbutt D Richards. 
BATH: C Marar; A Swift S HaUtoey. J 
Palmer leapt). B Trevsskte: S Barnes. R 
Htffc G Cttfcott G Dawa, R Lae. P 
Simpson. J Morrison. N Redman. R 
Spurrei. DEcertoa 
Referee: R Oxtonton (London). 

WASPS: N Stringer; S Snsft. R Ctodus 
leapt). K Dames. M Baiter. G Rtn. S 
Bates: P Randal. A Stotnuns. J Protwn, M 
Rigby, J Bonner, CPtonegar.DPegtor.M 

Batten. S Irvine. L Renwick. T PaJwson- 
Brown; N Cheswonh. A Custeog: N War, I 
KM. T BorttiwKk. S Austen. D Tosn. J 
CmMHjniMon.1 Marram, j Macklin 

ise« L PMeaux (Norm MUdtonds). 

Army’s final campaign 

By Peter Marson 

The final stage in the inter- 
services triangular tournament 
lakes place at Twickenham this 
afternoon, when the. Army will 
be hoping to unseat the Royal 
Air Force, the current cham- 
pions, and make off with a share 
in the title and the Windsor Life 
Challenge Cup. 

The Army's defeat by the 
Royal Navy, who gave a rousing 
display here last month, could 
be traced, in some measure, to 
their loss of rhythm in the first 
half, and their inability to match 
the Navy’s non-stop endeavour. 
Accordingly the Army’s selec- 
tors have made five changes in 
key positions, two of them 
outside the scrum, at full back, 
and scrum half. 

Air Force blue is becoming 

more and more the predomi- 
nant cotour in this annual 
tournament ax Twickenham^ 
memorable season, in which 1 1 
matches out of IS have been 
won. would, -be made more 
complete wth one more success 
today. It would take Wing 
Commander Leighton Jenkins, 
the Air Force's chairman of 
selectors, formerly of Newport 
and Wales and, over 25 years 
ago, the Air Force's captain, into 
retirement next month a happy 

Raikes, - who has pfayed 
impressively since coming on as 
a replacement in the Air Force’s 
match against the Navy, has led 
to his retaining his place at 
stand-off in an otherwise un- 
changed skfe. 


Hope reborn in Prague spring 

Desmond Douglas wiD be 
attempting what is probably his 
last realistic chance of winning 
the men's singles title that his 
exceptional talents have de- 
served when the European 
championships start in Prague 
today (a Special Correspondent 

Ten years ago in the same city 
England enjoyed their finest 
moments when Jill 
Ham raersiey- Parker, one of the 
game's great chop-and-float 
defenders, won the title and 
initiated a spell of unprece- 

dented success by an English 
woman player until she retired 
in 1983. 

Hammeisley-Parker was once 
Douglas's business partner and 
is still a great friend. She has 
made a special journey 
tite scene of her success partly lo 
see whether the fourth-seeded 
Birmingham left-hander can 
counter4iit and loop his way to 
a comparable triumph. If he 
manages it the Jamaican-born 
playerwould be one of the most 
popular winners ever. 

30 unless stated 

FA Cup 

Sheff Wed v Everton 

S'hampton v Liverpool 

First division 

Chelsea v Ipswich Town 

Coventry v Man Uld 

Leicester v Tottenham 

Man City v Arsenal 

Oxford Utd v A Villa 

Watford v Newcastle 

West Brom v Nottingham For 

Gola League 

Barnet v Nuneaton 

Barrow v Dagenham 

Bath v Darttord 

Fnckley v Weymouth 

Maidstone v Northwich 

Stafford v Cheltenham 

Wea feist one v Scarborough 

Wycombe v Kidderminster 

Southern League 
Premier division 

Aylesbury v Shepshed 

Basingstoke v Dudley 

Bedworth v Fisher Ath 

Corby v Witney 

Fareham v Gravesend 

Gosport v Crawley 

Kings Lynn v Worcester 

R S Southampton v Alvechurch 

Welling Utd v Chelmsford .... 

WillenhaU v Folkestone 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Mkfland dMaton: 
BUsion v Stoutendge: OrM g nonii v 
Rushden. Brotnsgrove Rovers V Banbury 
Utd: OkXjOBStar City v Oldbury usd 
Grantham v Leamington : Hednestord v VS 
Rugby. Moor Groan v Merthyr Tydf* 

Reoditch Utd v Coventry f 

CotdfieM v LeicestBr Utd: L 

v Forest Green Rovers. 

vtottx Ashtonl v Hasans: Burnham and 
H V WateriooviHa; Canterbury Ofey v 
Dorchester; Chatham v Cor uu irt a n . Dover 
ABHebc v Sheppey Utd; DunstsMe v 
Andover; Saflsbury v Enth and B: Thanet 
UM v Poole. Trowbridge v Ruaflp: 
Woodford v Cambridge CHyT 

FATIWIW: SercHteate, secon d 

. nunoorrt; ABrmct m i v ~ 


Second division Third division Fourth division Scottish Cup 

Blackburn R v Middlesbrough Blackpool v Wolverhampton Aldershot v Hartlepool (5.30) — . 

C Palace v Bradford Bournemouth v Plymouth Cambridge v Swindon o*nm-fu»wt a 

Huddersfield v Stoke Bristol C v Lincoln Mansfield v Burnley 

Hull v Sheffield Utd Bury v Bristol R (3.15) Orient v Crewe Hibernian v Aberdeen - 

MiRwafl v Grimsby Cardiff v Walsall Port Vale v Hereford Scottish premier dhfiSton 

Norwich v Brighton Chesterfield v Swansea Wrexham v Peterborough Clydebank v Motherwell — 

Portsmouth v Leeds Utd Derby v Brentford _ ■ _ St Mirren v Celtic 

f f T!^J V c C ^ rif0n -“ Notts County v Reading w rfhii«loo 

Sunderland v Fulham Wigan v Doncaster R Three Bridges; Peacehaven and T v Scottish first division 

VAUXHALL OPEL LEAGUE: Premier cB- York v Newport and B FUngii w v Littteha mgton Airdrie V Afloa 

vision: Barking v HUchtn; Croydon v multipart LEAGUE; Banoor CUV v g ift . S horeha m v Chehesar City; Ayr V Partick 

SSEFjs BXchbiv Dumbarton 

fgSpSEfi ^.Sf&TGSto- S Clyde v KBmamock 

w £ 2 Stl'S? am 

Hartow Greys Atfitenc v Bromley (330). cacr r i emne Frentey Green v Chobham: Mekl an Town Morton V E Rfd 

Hornchurch v Walton and H. Laathemead hmTwb v * Ctiertsay; Maiden Va to v Vfr g ma Wate r . „ . . 

v St Albans: City Lewes v Madenhead v Mereiham v Hertley; WWneyTiyestltold v Scottish Second division 

j _ . ■■ -ArtxrarmvAlbionftovera 

X^ B re^i Kd wga S *ISSnd V Cowdenbeath v M eadowban fc 

dMaton north Chalfont Si P v Hemal SmSot v S *SSSa!wnr irerfrEkraa: Burnham v RxdUW; Queen Of Sth v Dunfermfane 

Ha «, Rovers vEStf*™, 


5SS Mote wivenhoe v Coggeshei. Stranraer v StJ^^ne 

"res' l RUGBY UNION pizza exph^Son league: 

IS?* JOWIPLA^S^ALCI^ BbdMti. d |jww: hmmrnfT 

Wh W Mewbunr - Mangoadieid INTCR-SERVICES MATCH ^^rSt/^^rtoyjSouihff 

FoSrra^o c^MMAnoH: Arcana! v ^ Cna,d * Tomf ¥!!2 n: Daw S!LJ' Army v RAF (at Twickenham) v JteiMnt«a Spawer v DiAwfcai: Tuiaa 

Bnstol Rovers Q.0): Luton v Swindon t^ariequMns vBns tol foro v Ipswich; Bishop's Sttrttord v 

(2.0); Reading v Swan- JOHN SMITH’S MERIT TABLE B WesbmBrem^vCriMWiHarteeton 

sea » Crystal Palace <2JJ): West Ham v worcon-Hjpwiviare v earns***™. UvarDOOl V Btackheath Magpies * Cambridge City; Norfofc 

Torten hem (2.0). LOMPON S PARTAN L EAGUE: P remier MATCHES: Bkfcrohaad Park v Vto Wanos v BtueiiStt! & tteots v Cambs 

WOKTH WEST COUNTIES LEAGUE; nrat gw*>n: B McuiafoU U wl v Itorttoptwfi Nomads: Fort v Ok) Lqugntontons. 

dMslotc Cursor Ashton v Burscough; BnmsdC hjjn Rover s v Amerahatrc Gofer £ISJ Z^Snar BwhttnWu McEWANM LAGER SOUTH LEAGUE: 

Fleetwood v Bootle: Gtossop v Wkrslord 5°* » TlkauJian; C rown CaSriv^edtort; Devonport 5 r * nn * r «*vtotote Amersnam v Troians: 

itUB.:£jSJS.’sr. KSmtS 

. LE agg 


Whitley Bay v Ferryh*. Second dMaton: LEAGUE: jPiwnerdMam Buckingham v vChettenham; Pontypool v Newport »■" cha ins riJrip (at Notttngham 

Alnwki v Dirdtngton: Ashtftgffin v Durham Anesay. Desborough v S and L Corby. Pontypridd * Coventry. President's XV v yyf yg jW- 

City; Eeh Winning * West Auckland: Hotoach y Fatten; -N ewport Payqj v RugtJ? Rchmon „ Neath: Rowlyn Park v BASKETBAUj_ Bri teh Meetere tow- 
Evenwood v Eesngton; Gutsboroutto v BowmoiNgrtharnpron Spencer vAmpJWft QSaehd- Houtdhay v FVWe: Saracens v weweafc Tiwnd Wnat Blrnwxtfrari Button v 
Stockton; Langley Park v Bfeie SHr. StNaotsvBre«e)r.Stodc«*EyT»stxjry: South Wales PqBw v Team PofycoS Kingston (SO). * 

(torihaflerton * Seahanm Norton v Woaton v Rotfrw* Stamford v DaWock. i ycray: Wakefield v Sato; West ot ROAD RUNNBNG: Kodak- 'AAA* ICkm 
ywirngton; Shemon v Sltodon. North ftemtor /Ftort dM ewrc KO Cute M Btock- sStt^id v Orrefl; WHmsiow * Nuneaton; cnamptonshnstatBattareea). . 
rikflng Senior cep; SemMtosfc wrutby v aonej » inhitoaboroufift: Reunds » Lena Hot u vna m v vomer. Mosetoy v souA9)iu£KETS; Oxford open (Throe 
South Bank. _ Buckby. taou^ter. SC.O*on). 


First division • 

Bimtinghain v Luton (11.30); 

Second tfiviwon 

Cariiste v Wimbledon 
OWham v Barnsley .(14^0) 

Third division 
Darlington v Bolton W 
GOLA LEAGUE: Cheltenham 



Cbatinaed from ft c wg p *8T- 



Scottish News ax) SportlSSyfta 
TSSim Fate The Last of Stott. W#m*» 
cooum). 12.15-1220 Weather: 


545pm Northern fceland Resofis 
5.15-5J0 Northern ketood News LD6- 
1.10am News. ENGLAND 5. 1G- 
5*20pm London -Sport. SouttMMet - 
Spottght New* end Sport AS other 


1ZSO TerrehewksS^pm^S 
Bkxkfaustars 1030 Ffttc SjO-B. 
Anaxuto 1J0 Closedown. 

iceptlUBmn Snort 

Story TTwetmllJS-iaJOMorw mg 


strokes ML30 Rmc SXJS. 12A5mn 
Poesfs Comer Ctosedown. 

. Hshenea News S^ttNo 73 

41 jJS-liOO ftae» Frame 5- 0S p m _ 
NewMOrt SJP-5JB Bloctototore 1038 
RntSOJB. ISLASem Poetscnpt 

QA As London ex- 
±iS caoe 11 JOem-1200 

Torretarwks 5Dbaa-S35Kntf! R**" , 
er 1030 Rint S.6& 1240m Roowot 
Rock N- Roe 136 Ctoaedown. 
SrtDnFP As London except 
auiiucn Ii36em-120B fetoafl 
XL5 5D5ptn-&35 Dreams RL30 FArc 
SO-B.lfUSam Cknadown 

I A As London exont 
dS iL3®am-i2i»^ riring Khrt 
5A5pm-&35 Btockbustars 
Rut SO B. 12.45am At the End of the 
Day. Ctosadowa 


RreoaH XL5* SJBpmiaSOtf The 
Rack KUO Ftet iO.B. 12ASem 

HTV WALES y^SbOnfrotopro- 


GRAMPIAN ^^izoo 

Smwts 54Hpm*36Bkxkbuswre 
-ML30 FBnc SOB. iSASam ReBacfiona. 

am Bqgnor v Wakhamstow. 
MULUPAkT LEAGUE: Goofe v Buxton. 




Premtor dMaton; Btadduadi v Southgate 

mier dMaon: Norfolk Wands v Bishop's 

Premtar dMstom Chichestar v Tunbridge 

Hhk Heaton Mersey v Stockport (el 
Dusbury Cricket Ground. 2^30). 


CLUB MATCH: Crenboroe v Plymouth. 


P aa theretone vWtorwsCJOk Hufl.KRiL 
Casttotorct Leeds v HuK OWham v 
Bradtord: St Helens v Swknon; Warring- 
ton » Dewbuy. Second d' 1 
Mansflekt HuddersfleU 
aaOfc Hunstot v Bromley (&30k 
IwW (3.15k Rochdata v 
Runcorn v Barrow; WakafMd v Lanh 


BADM PI TOIt Carlton ETOA totartoounty 

BORDER Lon * n ““t* 

pvrwen sJSemGaroemnflTrBM 
; 3LS5-10 jOO Border Dairy 1 JMpai 
1 Temhawto UO-ZDO Farming CMtook 
ISO Twenty Yearn Oh A30 Swvwal 
54X1 Seel Morning &30 Look Who's Taflc- 
ing &0O-&3Q AJb&n Market lUO 
Jazz Club 1ZOO Ooeedown. 
ANGLIA ** London except 
WI1W - gJOam-IOLOOFIret Sunday 
IJMpm Beverly HfflbHDeflT 1 JS 
WflOTwr UO-iflO Fanning Qtary 3J0 
CMpe *30 Smurf# SM Seat Mommg 
SJd Now You See It &00-&30 Afeton 
Market izaoem Guardan of the 
Shrew, Ctosedown. 

HTV WEST As London «- 

R • ■ w ■ ftM1 > g rwteww 

tJIIJt g^yjMu] L flR ■■ ■ 

S^S-IOJNI Fhebrt XL5‘ UOOptn Oar- 

Time 140-2JM West Country 

no 3J0 Hnc Bed Day at Black 
Rock 53)0 Seal Morning 5 JO Now You 
See It SjOO-S^Q AUon Market 

12J0am Closedown. 

gy jM sgig. 

1 JO Pool 11A6-1240MOrown 
Green Bowts. 

kM As London ex- 
— c«pt a25am Car- 
toon AM Sesame Street 10 JO-11 AO 
Ffeebafl XL5 lAOpm FarmtogOuttook 

lAO^OO Spice of Ule zaiThe Fa« 

Guy &30 Seal Morning 4A0 New You 
See RA3S ScoteponSAS-SJi Afl»- 
On Market 11 AO Talas From the Darkside 
1M0 Reflexions. Ctosedown. 

TVS** Loo f ta18xc *P tsJ5 »« 

A ction U ne 935-1000 Cartoon 
IJXtom Agenda LGO-SLOOFtom Fo- 
cus UO Scarecrow and Mrs ICngAZS- 

4J0 News Diff rent Strokes 

6JBMU0 Now You Sae k 1SL30n Com- 
pany, Ctosedown 

9-30-HL00 Tarrehawto 1 Here 

and Now U0-2B0 Gardening Tima 3JM 
Fam Assaeenatnn Bureau Sfeo Seal 
NtomtogUGCjn Albion Market 
12JS0am Ctosedown. 

Mwygt wurPM haaJODecftrau 


ILSTEB «a»"««?g_ 

fi&ntog&SO Lesson iaTwaer&dOO- 
I Abun Market 11 AO Sports Ro- 



Wrktoy Sated (51 

Great Dane v 

League: Wbmam Robert JenMnsvWahe- ‘ 
WfMttw a t Qooanmaad, S RuUp 

toanenieM fat.Hwfieto COmmcn TC. 




Sir Peter Scott Stinbridge 
on Chanbel 4,7.15paB 

a m nJBGta mwBsBockc f fteeoei 
!22&Prt Mews. CtosMtoWL 


Mat at a50S«aeMMdOame> 




aj>Cnc3*ctfsr BiL00-1 1 IW Sn» 8 ih 4 
Street 1J0pmFmiidrtCO«fcok1JB 
tttr Z30 fan Out Cwteon 34W Sea 
Mcrreng 4130 New you Sea ft 430 
izjqbbi Ltos CaB. CMaaomm. 

Radio , continued 
from facing page 

Capneesjao. Op 14. 
Psrah>a.p*ano). Schubert 
(Symphony No 9). RJJO 

gjfi vetff Concert 

ChcicffFaricas (Ancfenr 
Hungarian tJancasj. Pagamtti 
(Fantasia or theme from 
Mose: igor Oatrakti, Nataha 
Zertsafova). Sorsmoraar 
f Daohres at Crass SUM), 
Concerto Wo 1: 

1030 Music Weekly: inductes 

an interview «nth the 
saxophone player John 

Harie. and Haraish MUie 
on Medtner and the piano 
11.15 AfoemiStrmg 

Ouartecwitri want" 

Hughes ,p*ana. Haydn 
(Quartgt >n C. Cfo 74 Nt 

T). Schumann fPcsiwC 


! Blockbusters m30 F3nc SjO-S. 

1 1145am Amaasu 1J0 Company. 

I Ctosedown. 

I HE". 1 Cflh IIJOsw-TZOO Captain 
Scarlet SJEMhSJB Mr & Mrs KUO 
F*n5.0 -B.1Z4S Ctosedown. 

. Ortp L45 Old Hotoatoarg* 140 
tems of Lila &J30 CtoO Mr 7 J» 

HwrBnwfi 7 JO NewydcSon 7 j 4S S&onisu 
1 8.15 Han Slant Bach SLOOY Maes 
Chwsrae IflJtB Brotfiem ICLSSfiter 
Georgy GrrnuOton Closedown. 


| tern Gtobaootters 435-500 Sports 
ResuOs 1030 pane SO.B-12.40 m 
N ew&doeadowa . 



! S.05. 12.45am Cknadown. 


i The Gten Mchaef Catvacads 
5JBpo*-SJ5 Btockbustars Itt^Ftat 
SOA12A5M LataCafl. 



Stared. 1U5-l2L58pm Farming m 
Wales. 240*00 Rugby UntonTUUSO 
LtoCh Chanty App^*L4S-lU® 

SOP Conference Report 114S-TL30 

Geoffrey SmarTs Wood of Rowers 

1155-liW News SCOTLAND: 9J3S- 
. AOOpm Appeal 1U0-1tE5 News 
Ctoestton Of Soort 130-3JE Farm 

View. 8J5&30 AppeeL 1U5D-1L5S 



UO-iOJO Lae Ffmoes Chez-wags 
IXOpm Qardens Pot AM 13F2JI0 Fann 
Focus 3^0 Fim 455 Puffin’s Pteffira 
5JD0 Seal Morning &30 Now You See It 
64XHL Atoton MarkMttSOaM . 

TYNF TFFfi AjLondonex- 

r.^ co cepcl.aSMnMom- 

Dreams VUHAtSB hooMround 1.00pm 
fomm Otoocfc IJO^OOSurvfni 
130 Rkw Untan SanwnSJX) Seal Mren- 
ing&30 SMI VlIbntarEAO'AJO Al- 
wSft MwtatltJfl WUtGoodRMSat 
1200 EpHagoa. Gkmdaam. 

TCW MLondoweacapr 9 JS e w 
JLSS. iolOO GetoroOn iiJO Onoa i 
Thwf TL25 Look See 11J3G- 

12J»TbrSou0rWe«Wt«k LOQprnGar- 
dens ftr AM 1JO-ZOO FMraing News 

~ " ' Theatre 

430 Seat Momtog&IB Falcon Crest 
lljo South 

West Week t200 Postscript Post- 
beg. Ctosedown. 


1-00pmSmaH Wonder 1^5 Cartoon 1J0- 
230 Simon S Senon 130 Gunness 
Book of Records 430 EncOktoter SjOO 
Seal Momma 630 Now You See It 
flJXFtSOAlfiton Market 1230am 
Ctosed ow n. 

74 No 

& E Hut. Op 44) 

12.10 Crty of Brrmn^iaoiSO / 
(under Rattte), with 
CBSO Chorus. Heinz 
Hotligeqoboel. Ursula 
HofflgerffiarpiPart i. Bertoz 
IC^sair overture). Martm 
(Three Dsbicbs). Mozart 
iOboe Concreto. K 314} 

IXXl CdSaetora' Items: by 
Cofin McLaren W.Read 
by MWiaM Hordom 
14)5 ConaarapartZ Ravel 
{Dapfmm et CWoe baflat 

2.10 Bartok and Prokofiev: 
Rsumtara Amaroaova 
(pano). Bartolcf 
14). Prokofiev ( 

No 4) 

2Jto Mozart and Gounod: 

Afixon Ensambto. Mozart 
{Serenade m C minor, K388). 
GounodfPento - 
symprioma) -i 

ZS5 Cricket FOurth day of Ole v 
Fourth TesL On medium 
nave unfit 535 
5J3S John Jouberfc Brodsky 
String Quartet ptay toe 
Quartet No 2 

CUB atwtSmyttr MassinD. 

BBC Concert 
Ocbes»a/B8C Symphony 
MtatorcHerford ' 

' Z.1G Bade Janos Scvker 
ptnys the Cato Sum No 
. .Sin D. BWV 1012 . 

740 Strawtesky: Columbia SO 
- play the baflet music lor 
Petrushka* 1911. 

8.15 Powera Passing: Bany 
Nforse and Noonan 
Be M OOtn die play by Steve 
May. set in North Africa - 
8.00 PwiamioiM Orchestra 
(under Mob).vMtn Yo Yo 
Ms (oefiol. Parti. Haydn 
(Symphony No 48). end 

tfw Cello Concerto « D, 

ass Appsaingtothe People: 

- tafc by Vernon Bogdanor, 
Senior Tutor at Brasenose 
Cofloge. Oxford 

M.15 Concerhpartlwo. Dvorak 
(Symphony No 5) 
tUWLszt Phftpfowke plays 

. Book2mahel 

it sr NewsTmn Ctosedown 


Unwwreriy.FramSJ5wn to CJ& 
History of rock ’nratt.&25 
Lycfia MortlkoviJcri: vkkm recital. 
Ysaye (Sonata. Op 27 No 2), 

Alfred Mendelssohn (Prelude and 
Fugue on Bach thenw), Ysaye 
(Sonata, Op 27 No5). 400 English 
Songs: rerital by James 
Bowman (courrtar-tenor), Robert 
Spencer (p«ano).446 ' 
Mahabharata : feature aboid Peter 
Brook's stsong ot the world's 
longest boat m a stone quarry near 
Avignon. &20 Matoofen Singers: 
Chnstodoulos GeorgiadesOxanov 
For Young Ears Only. /, 

C Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. For VHF 
stereo, see Radiol. 

News on the hour. Headlines 
7 JOatn. Cnckec Fourth Test WOst 
indies v England. Reports from 
Port of Spam, Trimdadat 12JOPIB, 
402, 5:02. 402, 7JI2, 402, 

SL02, tOJQ. 1MB. 

400am Martm Stanford (s) 400 
Steve Troetove (s) 7 JO Roger 
Royta says Good Morning 

Sunday (s) S.0S MekxHes for You 
(S) IIJO Desmond C amn gt oa 
(s) 1.00pm John Dunn presents 
Two's Best Is) 2JX) Bentty 
Green (s) 3.00 Alan DsH (a) 400 
Jazz Classes in stereo. h4) 

Red Nichots and Miff Mua (s}430 
Ssg Something Single SJM 
Charfie Chester 7JW Castle's 
Comer (with Roy Casde) 7 JO 
The Gentle Touch (Ruby Turner (T l 
and band) 8JX) Marilyn Hitt- 
Smith sings 430 Sunday Half-Hour 
from Bala. North Wales 9.00 
Yota 1 Hundred Best Tunes {Alan 
Keith) 10JB Songs from the 

Shows 10JM) Jazz Score. Chairman 
Benny Green with Ronnie Scott, 

Acker BUk, Alan Elsdon and James 
Moody. 11M0 Sounds of Jazz 
(Peiar Clayton) IJJOam BW 
Rwmefls 400-400 A Little 
Night Music (s). 

( Radiol ) 

On medium wave. VHF stereo 
at end of Radiol. 

News on the half hour untB 
11-3tonLtrien Z30pm. 130. 430. 
7.30, 930, 12-00 
400am Mark Page 400 Peter 
Powell 10.00 Gary Davies 1230 
Jhnmy SevUe's Otd Record . 

Club. 2-30 American Bandstand q 

featuring B B Kmg 3J0 The 
Great Rock ‘n’ RaH Trivia Quiz. 

(Mark Psm) 4JM Chartbusters. 
(Richard Skinner) 5J» Top 40 with 
Richard Skinner (s) 7-00 Arms 
“-Thtmoale Request Show tstSM 
ObreArtnoent (s) 1 1 J»- 12 J» 

400aw As Radio 2. 5.00pm As 
Rad© 1. 12JW-4.00amfe 
Radio 1. 


7 -°® TwamyJteur Hour 

CortWBfnodm 7JO \ 

538 R3teeitoni 

The. Pteasure'a Yows 9.00 News 
f fofewo j.P» British Finns S.15 S< 

y-O 1 Short Story MLIS Cbuwwsl R 
i«» n«ws 

our own corre 


I??™*- U"— Ml ■ : 
9gW»SBowi*» un Nswa 8J» T« 

rswnctti Rwtow 
SgySPSJt MB spore Htwdup 
y* 1«» Com i W Buij ry 11.16 I 

1 57 ? 14» News About * 

1230 Ret 

News roi Aspects- of 

« frw Bftteh Press 2.16 PeeUa'a 
*" *oaon MONBv 

&^3.1S Good Boo 

feMSacbcns SUB Nev 


:eleYision and ra 

ed by Jane Hende 



6.45 Open University 

Computm. 735' 

®5S Bananaman Auntie's back 
in town (0 . 

84)0 Saturday Superstore Lee 
MacDonald of Grange HIB 
Sctod talks about saying 

no to drugs and answers 




i2S No 73 EttaT* zany house 
wtthAma ra d u a pp earing 
and video of ItSTir - 


TMK7BMX Beet Grand flnaL 

11^0 Secret Veliev a ham 

Juft ™ 

V - i ^ 

L55 Play School 
9.15 Knock Knock about God's 
wide world (rj 

930 This is the Day Caitnona 

you awake Vet?: songs, 
jokes and cartoon m 
Cwac Cwec. 7 JO What's 
News 8.10 Re* cttho 
Week 8JtZ News 
Head&ntra&JtO Jonathan 
Dtm&nby on Sunday. 



Nick Grace and the Spitfire be ins rebuilt: Tbc Perfect Lady.* TVS 
_ 4ocHi«tan;taiMChaanei4flt7JAmi 


on FA Cup 

i, ii'ji ' W 


< , !« * ■ n * 

vLiW . 

m W,i 

150 Open UnlveraSy Mapping 
in the YortaWre Dales 7.15 
Music 7.40 Language 
Development BJI5 Science 
in Class 455 Weapons 
Procurement 930 Tha 

Madonna di San Bfeuio 

945 Chemistry IQ-IOPutb 
M aths 1035 Matte 114)0 

Dickens end ponutar 
knagerr 1135 Maths: 
Compiax functions 11 .50 

14)5 Within the Coral World the 
Great Banter Real the 
largest structure buflt by 

living organisms (r) 

24)0 Ffen: Vice Versa (1947)* 
written and directed by 
Peter Ustinov, set in 1890, 
a man’s wish to be a child 

The shame of things to 
coma 1 2.15 Maths: the 

come 12.15 Maths: the 
Genetics Game 1 £40 
Modem art 1.05 Cropping 
the countryside 130 
Crustal and mantle 

145 ^ta*B Rn it 

their day, even for the little 
boy who wanted a rainbow 
for Christmas Ceatax). 

120 The Dukes of Hazzard 

Cooler's Confession; the 
Dukes find mechanic 
Cooler in jail with some 
explaining to do. 

verson he nfidbeit»Emf 

74)5 Every Second Cmait* 
comedy quiz with Paid 
Daniels and couples . 
competing against the 

155 Fta in* am (1850T 
. stars Marioo Brando bi hfe 
first fln role. 8* a 
. wounded soldier coming 
to terms with dfsabffity, 

- vwWyd&asted by Stanley 

HS Faec The Teahouse o< the 
August Moon (1955)* in 
Brando's second film thb 
afternoon he dons a black 
wig to play an oriental 
. In t erprete r to American 
troops In Okinawa. 

115 Thenp«r Chase the 
American law student 
eerie* oomee to an end. 




i. ^V i nTr . ^^; . A’ ii 



donnas of New 

105 Karan BExanfti Africa. 
Second showing of Karen 
- BRUSH'S fife story In Africa 
narrated by Coin FVth 
with testimonies from Sir 
Laurens vender Post and 
Etepeth Huxley, readings 
byBteen Alters from her 
best books including Out 
of Africa ( I). 

74)0 NawsVI e w with Jan 

Leeming and Moira Stuart 
(with subtittosLWeallMr. 

7.40 Pot Black 86 first semi- . 
: finaL 

120 FBm: Islands In the 
■ Stream (1976) drawn from 
Hemingway ssenti- 

355 Ffim.-Tbn0 to KB (1942)' 
Raymond Chandler 
adapted, Uoyd Nolan as 
private eye. 

535 Biookefde Sandra brings 
home a young doctor (r). 
100 Rfght to Repty about 
Channel 4 News's report 
on the mffitant tendency; 
viewers' comments in 
writing or In the Video Box 
130 Tates of Kerry 
. . . about the dstinafve 
cUture and 1000 

year old stone 

74)0 News and Weather 

followed by 7 Days Janet 
Goodafl, pediatrician, talks 
about the appafiing task of 
teffing parents there's no 
hope for their child's life, 
and the Bishop of Durham 
talks of resurrection. 

730 The Perfect Lady not 
somebody's favourite 
aunt, but a war machine: 
the Spitfire aircraft This 
programme traces a single 
model's fte story, built in 
1943. she was the first 
aircraft to defeat a 
German plane on D Day. 
830 Held in Trust Diana Riga 
begins an eight part senes 
of visits to Scottish 
National Trust properties 

presented by Ghazala 
Amin, looks at a disabled 
drivers assessment 

1030 Switch on to En^sh quiz 
show for families teeming 

1155 Recovery Brian Redhead 
on recovery of a British 

company (ri- 

11JO TM-Joumal las 

informations en frangais 
(subtitles) (r) 

11.45 With a Oflte help from the 
Chip Electronics can help 
someone with Impaired 
speech, help the deaf to 
phone, the bflnd to read 
(Ceatax) (r). 

12.10 Sorry Mate, I rSdnl see 
you! for motorcyclists. 

1235 Farming Dan Cherringron 
talks about EEC price- 
fixing negotiations and itte 

as French 
Agriculture Minister. 

1.00 Hite Week next Week 
with David Dimbteby 
Including a debate with 
John Serwyn Summer and 
Michael BUott, Labour 
MEP. on the problem of 
food mountains. 

24)0 EastEndara (Ceefax) 
Omnibus edition:Wanord 
floats in the carnival 
including Neil Gwynne and 
Dick Turpin. 

3JJQ Gregory Peck A Portrait in 
Rims of the 70 year old 
Hollywood actor with efips 

from The Big Country and 
The Guns orNavarone. 

330 FRm Captain Horatio 
Homblowar (1951) based 
on C S Forester's naval 
novel with Gregory Peck in 
the title rote and Richard 
Heame. Jamas Robertson 
Justice. Virginia Mayo. 

. 145 Antique* Roadshow from 

Llandudno (Ceefax). 

125 Appeal for St Botoiph's 
Crypt home to the 

630 News with Jan Leeming 
and Weather 

140 Songs of Praia* tram 
Goring and Streatley 
celebrating 900 years of 
Christianity (Ceefax). 

7.15 Hancock’s Half Hour* The 
comedian turns to parody 
of a beloved, radio 

7.40 AJXAnno Domini 5 part 
series on tha rise of 
Christianity and the fall of 
the Roman Empire with 
Denis QuiBey as Peter, 
written by Anthony 
Burgess (Ceefax). 

930 Mas te rm in d subjects 
include English 
architecture 1600-1900 
. and works of Domford 

930 News and Weather 

104)5 Royal Gospel Gate part 2 
in aid of Save the Children 
Alvin Stardust and Sheila 
Walsh, Marti Webb. Jess 
Conrad and Lon Satton, 
Princess Anne attends. 

10.40 Geoffrey South's World of 
Flowers carnations (r) 

114)5 Rhoda offers Joe a 
helping hand (r). 

1130 The Sky at Night Patrick 
Moors enthuses about 
Leo and Virgo and points 
out the last chance for 

1130 Weather 

Ti v7“T*i'l; 

our remotest inhabited 

94)0 Royalty Documentary 
shown in four parts, the 
first covers January-May 
1985 in (he Hfe of the 
British Royal Family; 
tonight President Banda's 

business n a restaurant; 
Laoey Is expecting in the 

930 News from Jan Laemtog, 
sport w eat h er - 

104)5 Match of the Day Jimmy 
Hill Introduces Everton v 
Sheffied Wednesday and 
Southampton v Liverpool 
and another re-run of the 
Grand National. 

11.10 FBns Trinity festal my. 
name (1971) tight 
spagh e tti western, sequel 
id they caH rrmlmfty* 
Brother Bambino agrees 
to teach Trinity tife 
.. rudiments bf bora*:, t ■- 

thtevfrig, but ttw pair : . 
shape uppooriy as', 

1415 Weattmr 

sat in the 

1940, stars George C 
Scott as sculptor Tom 



11.15 News followed by 


. _• Edwards' satire on 
- Hoitywwjft Richard ' : 
Mufen as a dbactor 
cracmng upwhen his 
; ; m^fais/tryfogta 
' rescuaitbyadategsexin 

--ihe^yepe of ftis wifen(Julia 

J ‘ AhrirMlstf- '• 

Scott as sculptor Tom 
Hudson, marooned on a 
desert island during the 
war. AisoCtalre Bloom 
and David Hemmings. 

104)5 ttiube^ Theatre: Counting 
Sheep (1 982} fBm from 
Czech cEtovakia with 
subtitiaa. Tale of a nine- . 
year old orphan in a 

tile WOrid 
outside through a hospital 
deaner'aeyes. .. . 

tis liidht ThOMbte W«i Bev 

visit to Britain, Princess 
Anne In 

Germany interviewed at 
Buckingham Palace and 
tha state visit to Portugal. 
Pius tacts and figures 
behind the monarchy. 

104)0 HU Street Blues American 
cop eirfiswfffi tension 
and temperatures rising. 

114)0 FBm : Doubte Bfli of 

Horror Movies, House of 
Fra nk en s tein (1945)* 

Boris Karloff as Dr . 
Niemann who finds a way 
of reactivating a vampire s 

-1230 RtncThe Mummy's Ghost 
~ (1944]T4jCHrCftaneyJrksa 
• sacred fiving mummy, in 
•• search of his Egyptian 

FREQUENCIES: Radb 1:1 (»3kHz«85mri0e9kHz/275m; Radfo 2 693kHz/433rn; 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90- 
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1 458kHz/206m^VHF34S; WortdSenrice MF 

Radio 4 

roconllng^nadQ fn 1964 
11.00 News. 1200 Closedown. 
VFH only: 44)0 Perlman and 
Canina violn and piana 
Beethoven (Sonata in G major, 

Op 96) and works by Sarasats and 
KraWer. 54)0 Jazz Record 
Requeatsiwith Peter Clayton. 




l! «! ^ i >a i l .i!-! V.1 frltWr 

24» News; The 

Tha Storytafl ars a 
i of seven dramatized 
stories (iJ'Cantfide'jby. 
VoteiiTB, WKh Mark Ffeyton, 
Be^amin Whltrow, Aw} 
Bennett and Helena Brecfc(s) 
34)0 News; International 

Assignment. BBC 

correspondents report ■ 

around the world 
330 TfwSaturdwFeetura: 

Ttw Blade CftheBo . A ■ 
poroaltof the frKjecflan Ira 
AWrage. WWi Erwk Ray 
Evans as the actor. 

115 Not Another, ttet ■ ; 

Programme, in the nr™ - 

.. programme of fee Sfldfls, Dr 

programme of hie series. Dr 
k an a question of 


■ 145 TheFosdykeSa®ll- . 
Series taped on aB 
TWYs cartoon strip (s» 

S4» The Living wwtd. 
.PlaturaJtets answer. 

listeners: ^uastia^(s) 

t 125 Week Ending. 530 __ 



R^rt RoWnaan a^hte, 

. studio gueata. Sue Caseon 

ntoridesthamufflcN . 

fitKlude. -- : . • . 





' ' • - ' ^ , V ■ 

535 Wake Up London: The 
Vicious Boys. Anpyand 
Angelo fencing. 

935 Wdody and Fnends 
cartoons 145 Roger 
Ramjet second cartoon. 

104)0 Morning Worship: m 
industry Tear 1986 the 
Church s involvement 
with the people fs 
exempli tied by the 
Community Association 

114)0 Getting On magazine 
programme for 

1130 Once a thief-? New 
documentary senes in 
wnieft Marcel Berlins 
explores crime and our 
attitude to it tn Britain 

124)0 Weekend Wortd Brian 
Wakten talks to Northern 
Ireland Secreary, Tom 
King as the Protest 
beddash against the 
Anglo-Irish agreement 

14)0 Potice 5 Shaw Taylor 
helps Scotland Yard with 
appeals to the public. 

1.15 The Smurfs friendly little 
blue people (r) 

130 Sraafl Wonder new 
comedy senes about a 
robot named VickL 

24M) News heatftnes followed 
by Encounter Alter many 
years of humanistic 
materialism Anthony 
Bridge turned to 
Christianity and is now 
Dean of Guildford. 

230 The Big Match highlights 
of FA Cup semi-finals. 

3 38 Hart to Hart adventure 
with mflfionarre sleuths, 
Robert Wagner and 
Stef ame Powers and their 

430 Seal Morning from the 
book by Rowena Fare, set 
in a remote part of Britain 
in the Thirties. Jane 
Lapotaire as the aunt, 
welcoming her niece. 

5.00 Albion Market There's a 
hitch at the altar with a 
shock for Derek (Oracle). 

530 Benson: You can't give it 
away, comedy. 

64)0 Butlseye 

630 News 

540 Highway Harry Secombe 
visits Glasgow Green and 
the People 5 Palace, with 
Morag MacKey and 
Kenneth McKellar. 

7.15 Catch p hras e game show 
for two contestants 

745 Fitoc The Medusa Touch 
(1977) Richard Burton 
plays a man with a 
supernatural power, not 
necessarily in the interests 
of society. 

945 News 

10.00 Spitting Image Ruck and 
Law's cruel and apt 
images reteB the news. 

1030 The South Bank Show 

- ■ Metyyn Braga introduces 
Hal Prmce wno talks about 
directing musicals: West 
Side Story. Cabaret. Brita 
and Sweeney Todd among 
them. Gtitterrng studio 
audience asks questions. 

1130 News headlines fbOowed 
by Mapp and Lucia 
Geraldine McEwan, 
Prunella Scales apparently 
. lost at sea though dear 
Nigel Hawthorne keeps 
the home fires burning (r). 

1235 Night Thoughts. 




BBC "2 



Mathematical functions 
7.15 Biology 7.40 The Gun 
industry 8% Hogarth's 
paintings 8.30 Potsdam 
835 Tin 9.20 Cogs in the 
Wheel? 9.45 Rea 

exponential functions 

Haigh points out 
that Reformation 
evolved slowly in 

10.10 Art 10.M UgM 11.00 
Open Forum 1135 

Open Forum 11 35 
Sociology 1130 Maths 
12.15 Limestones 12.40 
The’ Maxwell- Boltzman 
Distribution 1.05 
Engineering mechanics 
1.30 Beneath Scotland. 

239 Rugby Special John 

British Christianity. 

2.00 FUm; The Firefly (1937)* 
Jeanette MacDonald as a 
Napoleonic spy, AUan 
Jones sings the Donkey 

430 The Little Birds Spanish 
film about two canaries 
and their owners (r) 

54)0 News Summary and 
Weather followed by 
Chanel and her Wortd 
Coco Chanel bom in 1883 
opened her first boutique 
m Deauville, and began 
designing the comfortable 
simple clothes she liked to 
wear including a new 
fabric jersey. She 
designed for Cocteau, 
Diagniiev, Jean Renoir and 
Alain Resnais. Her love- 
life was no less pfittering; 
Stravinsky and the Duke 
of Westminster amongst 
others. After the war she 
was investigated for 
collaboration, since she 
had lived with a senior 
German officer. Since her 
death Karl Lagerfeld has 
taken over the Chanel 
house: the film shows 
three of his collections. 

Player Special Cup semi- 

3.00 Film: Les Demoiselles de 
Rochefort (1 956) Music by 
Michel Legrand; the young 
ladies fn question are 
Catherine Deneuve and 
Frartgoise Dorteac as twin 

sisters joining a troupe of 
dancers: they meet Gene 

dancers: they meet Gene 
Kelly and George Chakiris. 

5.00 Tribute te the late Sir 
Peter Peats: archive film 
from 1964 of Peter Pears 
and Benjamin Britten, 
including some of Britten's 
songs (r) 

530 The MilOon Pound Bird 
Book David Attenborough 
tells of John James 
Audubon, famous 
American ornithologist (r) 

630 The Money Programme 
on its twentieth 
anniversary the 
programme looks 20 years 
ahead to megabanks; 
Valerie Singleton on 
Finnish home banking. 

7.15 Nature: the salmon and 
migrant birds. 

7.50 The Royal Ballet in 
Romeo and JuBet by 
Kenneth Macmillan, 
composer Prokofiev. 

Ales sandra Ferrl as Juliet 
and Wayne Eagting as 
Romeo, introduced by 
Covent Garden (r) 

104)5 Fane Double Image (1986) 
a Cold War tale based on 
facta KGB major defects 
in February 1964, 3 
months after Kennedy's 
death; a CIA mote is 

1140 Closedown 

6.15 Curling from Toronto the 
sem-mal of the two 

semi-final of the two 
hundred year okl sport 
invented (apparently 
simultaneously) by the 
Scots and Canadians, with 
commentary by Brian 

7.15 Stimbridge Sir Peter 
Scott's Wild Fowl 
Sanctuary Is forty years 
old: a collection of 200 
birds from all over the 
world is on view to the 
public inthe River Severn 
wetlands and each year 
wild swans and geese 
return for winter refuge 
and to breed. 

8.15 Our Bomb -the Secret 
Story John Barry, former 

Sunday Times journalist, 
looks at the subject of 
Britain's bomb, 
investigates the 
Government's pten to buy 
the American Trident and 
questions politicians, dvfl 
servants, diplomats and 
admirals to give a clearer 
picture of an embargoed 

10.15 The Twtflght Zone 
Another two tales of the 
supernatural: first A 
Young Man's Fancy, 
honeymoon couple return 
to a house which retains 
its 1938 decor and the 
spirit of the bridegroom's 
childhood. Then The 
Living Do*. 

11.15 Curling more of the ice- 
sport from Canada. 

12.15 Closedown 

Radio 4 

, On long wave. VHF stereo 
, variations at end of Radio 4. 

535 Shipping 64)0 Nbwb Briefing 
6.10 Prelude Music 
selected by Michael Ford (s) 
630 News; Morning Has 
Broken 635 Weather Travel 
74)0 News 7.10 Sunday 
Papers 7.15 Apnaffi 

Office of Compline. 

11.15 Tha Lucky Country. 

Heather Payton on the 
econ on vc experiment which 
Australian Prime Minister 

Bob Hawke entoarked on 
when he came to power 
in 1963 

124)0 News; Weather. 1233 

University: 74W Maths: 
Transforming Graphs 730 
18th-century Political Prints 730 
Technology: Beyond Electric 
Money 44r0-64mpm Options: 44)0 
The Mind in Focus. 430 Never 
the Same Agate. 5.00 Brainwaves. 
5.30 Get by in German. 

GharSamajhiye745 Beds 
730 Turning Over New 
Leaves 7js Weather Travel 

VMF (available m England and S 
Wales onlyi except 535-630aa 
Weather Travel 74)0-84)0 Open 

800 News 810 Sunday 

8.15 Sunday. (Presented by 
Clive Jacobs) 

830 Roy Kinnear appeals for 
the Week's Good Cause. 
635 Weather Travel 
94)0 News 8.10 Sunday 

9.15 Letter from America by 
AUstair Cooke 

930 Morning Service from 
Caversnam Baptist Free 

10.15 The Archers. Omnibus 

11.15 Pick of the Week 

430 The Natural History 
Programme. The 
Victorian fem fetish and 
African wildUfa 
5.00 News; Travel 
54)5 Down Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits Mold. 
Ctwyd. 530 Shipping 535 
64)0 News 

6*15 Weekend Woman s 
Hour. Hightightfi of tha 
past week's programmes 
74M Travel: Lord of Misrule. 
The battle tor the 

the mkM8th century (9) 
730 Venomous Corruption 
and me Evil Eye. Peter 
Hogarth teHs teles about tha 

role of mythical beasts In 
medieval society 
8.00 Bookshelf. Christopher 
Frayfing proves that tha 
Great American cowboy is 
afive and wen. 

830 The Monarchy In Britain. 
(2) The Palace and the 

9.00 News; The Evening Ploy: 
The Great Feast' by 
Mannu Bhandari. Wnh 21a 

Mohyeddki (8) 938 
104)0 News 

10.15 The Sunday Feature: A 
World of Their Own. Bert 
Tosh talks to the mother of 
an autistic child. 

114)0 Before the Ereang tithe 
Day. The late evening 

The eagerly awaited 
third senes of 






as the woodland freedom fighter 


as Maid Marion 






land form 


the gate 

From John Woodcock. Cricket Correspondent, Fort of Spam, Trinidad 

England kept themselves in 
the fourth Test match, spon- 
sored by Cable and Wireless, 
here yesterday by picking up 
the wickets of both West Indian 
openers before lunch, taken at 
72 for 2. Emburey found that 
for him. as well as for the faster 
bowlers, the pitch had some- 
thing to offer, and the bounce 
was again inconsistent. 
Greenidge departed to a ball 
that never left the ground. 

who started the bowling with 
him. conceded six fours in his 
first three overs, the first of 


which Gower, at wide mid-on, 
should have stopped. With so 
few runs to play with England 
needed a much tighter opening 
than this. 

Play began before the small- 
est crowd I have seen anywhere 
in the world for the second day 
of a Test match. 1 doubt 
whether there were 2,000 peo- 
ple present. Last Monday, for 
the one day international, the 
ground was full. 

England's poor showing in 
the Test matches is starting to 
take a heavy toll at the gate, and 
although Botham bowled an 
admirable first spell Thomas. 

Both Haynes and Greenidge 
looked in punishing form until 
first Greenidge began to limp 
and then Haynes took a knock 
on the finger from Foster, 
which needed repairs. Par for 
this pitch must be at least one 
battered finger a day. 


Though less green than on 
Thursday h was still mettle- 
some. By noon on another 
steamy day Greenidge was not 

only hobbling, be was taking 
pills and wearing a short 
sleeved sweater. He bad also 
passed 5.000 runs in Test 
cricket and lost Haynes, well 

GA Qppcti c M clMWteb G Mrnaf 14 

*D I Oewr c jSflon by Ommr 

s y.asagj* * ■ £ 

IT Botham btfauSfl » 

PWjBayc 1C 

J “bSSSU 1?fc?«» 21) jl 

Total 200 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-8, 2-28, 3-31, 4- 
123, 5-124, 8-151, 7-188. 8-181, 3-180. 
BOWLING; Ma rs ha l 23-4-71-2; Gamar 
18-3-43-4; Patttraoa 10-2-31-1; HoUng 

WEST MSESk Ffctt (Minos 
C G GreenWgs fear b Emtaaoy 42 

D L Haynas c Bothaa b Foatar 25 

R BRkJm data) not out 31 

H A Gomes not get 10 

Edna 1 

Total (for 2wfca) 109 

*1 V A Rfctaida, fP JDiJan. M DMM 
R A Harper, H A Hokflng, J Gamar, O P 
PaUanon Id bsL 
FALL OF WKKE75C 1-58, 2-721 
Umptas: C Cnmbwtatth and S 

Kiwis face finalists 

Colombo (Reuter) - The 
New Zealand cricket team 
arrived in Sri Lanka yesterday 
to take part in an invitation 
limited-overs tournament 
against the two finalists of the 
Asia Cup. now being held in 

brothers, Jeff and Martin, 
Ewen Chatfield. Martin 
Sneddon and John BracewelL 
and the promising 
newcomers Ken Rutherford 
and Bruce Blair still give the 
side a formidable look. 

The New Zealanders will 
play Sri Lanka today and 
Pakistan on Monday. Paki- 
stan and Sri Lanka qualified 
for Sunday’s final after Ban- 
gladesh. the third team in the 
Asia Cup. lost both their 
games. India, the current Asia 
Cup champions, withdrew 
from the tournament. 

The Sri Lankans produced 
with an impressive bowling 
performance in their match 
against Pakistan but their 
batting cost them the game. 
The local side displayed better 
form against Bangladesh and 
the Kiwis, fresh from their 
home series triumph over 
Australia, could have their 
hands full tomorrow. 

New Zealand are being led 
by the opening batsman John 
Wright in the absence of four 
regular members of the side — 
the captain Jeremy Coney, the 
all-rounder Richard Hadlee, 
the wicketkeeper ian Smith, 
and the opening 
batsmanBruce Edgar. Howev- 
er. the presence of the Crowe 

The match also will serve as 
a good test for both sides who 
are likely to meet again in the 
inaugural five nation Austral- 
asia Cup which begins in 
Sharjah. United Arab Emir- 
ates. next week. India. Paki- 
stan. Australia. New Zealand 
and Sri Lanka will play in 

caught at second slip by 
Botham off Foster. Foster bad 
just replaced Botham and he 
greeted Richardson by h eating 
him twice outside the off 

Since Thomas had come off 
after his three costly overs 
England had male runs very 
much harder to get Botham’s 
first eight overs yielded only 12 
and when Emburey came on, 
with the cross breeze blowing 
from cover point, he dropped 
straight into the groove and 
found some turn around the 
right hander's leg stump. 
Whereas the first half hour of 
the morning had brought 31 
runs, only 38 came in the next 
90 minutes. 

• Port of Spain (Reuter) — A 
Trinidadian businessman yes- 
terday filed a High Court 
motion against seven English 
cricketers who toured South 

Eden Shand, who is also a 
journalist, claims the pres- 
ence of former opener Boycott 
plus Gooch, Emburey, Willey, 
Taylor, Ellison and Smith, is 
prohibited under the Trinidad 
and Tobago Immigration Act. 




Wv f.»-> f 

The Irish, who have 
five runners In today's 

Grand National, warmed 
up for the main attraction 
by sending out first and 
second in die valuable 
Glenlivet Hurdle at Liver- 
pool yesterday. Dark 

Raven (pictured right), 
the season's leading fonr- 
year-old hurdler, ex- 
tended his unbeaten 
sequence to four when he 
withstood the last-flight 
challenge of his compa- 
triot, Raretylo, to take the 
£20,000 event Dermot 


Weld, trainer of Dark 
Raven, saddles the ever- 
green Greasepaint, who 
has reached the frame in 
the last three Nationals, 
In today's Aintree stam- 
ina test. The other Irish 
representatives are 
Dramlargan, KXUdlowen, 


Lantern Lodge and 
Monanore. Apart front 
Dark Raven's impressive 
success, yesterday's other 
highlight was the victory 
of Caroline Beasley, who 
became the first woman to 
win a race over the Grand 
National fences~when she 

Racing, pages 36amf37 

Hot-shot Lyle in front Britain’s hosts sweat 

From Mitchell Platts, Greensboro, North Carolina 

Sandy Lyle found himself at 
the top of the leader board in 
the Greater Greensboro Open 
yesLerdav. After an opening 
round of 68, he maintained his 
impressive challenge at Forest 
Oaks with a six-under-par 64 
to finish on 132. 

With six birdies in the first 
1 5 holes helooked every inch 
foe Open Champion. It 
mattered not whether he used 
his driver or his one iron for 
he effortlessly fired the ball 
way beyond those of playing 
partners George Archer, the 

1969 US Masters Champion, 
and Gil Morgan. 

At the ninth, which mea- 
sures 572 yards, Lyle’s solid 
drive found the heart of the 
sun-baked fairway and. with 
270 yards still to negotiate, he 
powered the three wood shot 
to within 10 feet of the hole. 

He missed the chance of an 
eagle, but Lyle had earlier 
eased his putting anxieties. In 
fact, the offending implement, 
with which he has spoiled 
many chances this season was 
not even required at the third \ 

Fancy a 
little place in 
the sun? 

where he holed a delicate chip 
from 30 feet for his fust birdie. 
Then, at the fifth, he left 
himself with a tap-in follow- 
ing a superb approach from 
145 yards. 

At the seventh he holed 
from 25 feet during a sequence 
of five threes in six holes. 

A “hot” putter will be 
essential at Augusta, where the 
US Masters will unfold next 
week. Lyle has surprisingly 
never managed a top ten 
placing in an American tour 
event - his best effort is a tie 
for 13th in the Tournament of 
Champions this season. 

The prospect of a Lyle 
victory gathered momentum 
as he confidently holed a putt 
of 6 feet for another birdie at 
the short 12th. At that stage he 
was in the lead because 
American Leonard Thomp- 
son, Lhe leader after the first 
round, had fallen back in spite 
of a good stan to his second 

Nick Faldo hit a second- 
round 68 for a total of 142. 

by Troke 

From Sydney Friskin, Karachi 

From Richard Eaton 
Uppsala, Sweden 

Great Britain. 


A pointed 

By Clive White 

With the Merseysiders 
olherwize engaged, Manches- 
ter United have the chance to 
dose the gap, if only tempo- 
rarily. on the joint leaders 
today by earning a point or 
three at Highfield Road. Cov- 
entry parted company with 
Frank Upton, their assistant 
manager, yesterday. 

Chelsea, whose champion- 
ship dream was shattered by a 
disastrous Easter, could start 
piedng it together again at 
home to Ipswich. 

FA Cup previews, page 38 

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Aston Villa will have been 
cheered by the news yesterday 
that Mita Cdpystar, their Jap- 
anese shirt sponsors, have 
agreed to extend their 
£ 1 25.000 contract for a further 
year. Canon, their rivals, with- 
drew their support of the 
Football League at the end of 
the season. “Major companies 
like ours who come here to 
win business should support 
and invest in the British way 
of life," Hiromi Tomaya, their 
managing director, said. 

Harkouk’s call 

The Notts County forward 
Rachid Harkouk has been se- 
lected for the Algerian World 

Helen Troke, from South- 
ampton. had to struggle hard- 
er than one would have liked 
before reaching the last four in 
defence ofber women's singles 
title in the European champi- 
onships here yesterday. She 
brat Eline Coene 11-4, 12-9 
but appeared an inhibited 
figure, especially when the 
Dutch No 1 was leading 9-8 in 
the second game and was 
beginning to tie her up. 

The win by Troke’s semi- 
final opponent, Svetlana 
Beliasova, was more straight- 
forward but more significant 
By beating Maria Henning, 
the un seeded Swede, 1 1-8, 1 1- 
4, Beliasova became the first 
Soviet player to progress so far 
in a big badminton event 
Acceptance into the Olympics 
last year is having its effort 
upon the sport 

The rest of the English 
singles contingent were beat- 
en. The No 2, Fionia Elliott, 
went down 1 1-2, 11-4 to j 
Kirsten Larsen, the favourite 
from Denmark, whose long 
arms and legs seem to move 
about the court at an ever- 
increasing rate; defeats for the 
national champion, Darren 
Hall, and the runner-up, Steve 
Butler, to Torben Carlsen and 
Michael Kjeldsen meant that 
Denmark, with all four semi- 
finalists, were bound to keep 
the men's singles title. 

England's all-time record of 
five gold medals out of six, 
achieved in the last champion- 
ships in Preston two years ago. 
is not beyond them. 

Martin Dew, at the centre of 
much of the political rumpus, 
subsequently lost bis men's 
doubles title, in partnership 
with Dipak Tailor. 

They had a match point in 
the final game at 17-17 against 
Jan-Eric Antonsson and Per- 
Gunnar Johnsson before los- 
ing 17-15, 4-15. 18-17 but 
missed their best chance when 

Great Britain came dose to 
beating an unimpressive Paki- 
stan side in the first match of 
the eighth Champions Trophy 
tournament here yesterday. 
They had to settle for a draw 
before a crowd of 8,000. The 
teams had also drawn 1-1 in 
the previous tournament at 
Perth. Australia last 

Even before Janies Duthie 
had given Britain the lead in 
the thirteenth minute their 
hosts looked unstable as 
Batchelor, Kerly and Leman 
found the route to goal more 
readily than they could have 
expected in the gruelling heat. 
Batchelor came dose to scor- 
ing with a scoop across the 
free of the goal. 

A free hit was awarded to 
Britain after the umpires had 
disagreed and it led to a 
splendid goaL The ball was 
lofted into the circle from the 
right by Potter and Duthie, 

sprinting in from the left, beat 
the goalkeeper with an accu- 
rate volley. Pakistan’s defence 
continued to feller and the 
more was the pity that Britain 
did not consolidate their 

The Pakistan citadel could 
have fallen again in the 29th 
minute at a short corner from 
which successive shots by 
Barber and Leman were saved 
on the line by Qazli Mobib. A 
little earlier Pakistan had 
missed their first, chance of 
equalizing when Hassan Sar- 
dar miscued in front of an 
open goal. Shortly before half- 
time Taylor made two saves at 
short corners. 

Britain began the second 
half with two substitutions: 
Bhaura came in for Leman 
and Imran Sherwani for 
Duthie. Pakistan began to find 
their rhythm and troubled fee 
British defence, who manag ed 
to repel several individual 

As Pakistan continued to 
search for a goal they missed 
two chances. Farhai Khan 

took an enormous swingand 
feiled to connect. Then 

on record 

Hassan Sardar ended a bril- 
liant run by shooting wide of 
the far post. 

It was left to Pakistan’s 
outside right, Qasim Khan, to 
set up the chance from which 
they scored, Hassan Sardar 
driving home his back-pass. 
But even in fee dosing min- 
utes Pakistan were not free 
from trouble as Kerly and 
Batchelor continued to rush 

By Fat Botcher 
Athletics Correspondent 

through open spaces. 

In fee remaining matches of 
the day West Germany beat 
India 3-0 and Australia, the 
holders, defeated The Nether- 
lands 4-1. 

The Kodak AAA 10 * 
kilometre championship, . 
which begins just before mid- 
day today in Battersea' ftrk, 
promises to be one of the best ? 
road races ever staged . in * 
Britain. Steve Harris,, course J 
record holder wife-27 min 56 - 
sec, and Steve Ovett, begin* 
nine bis move iipv to longer . 
trad: distances, with Dave ; 
Lewis, fee best all-round d is- • 
lance runner in Britain last 
lace Mike MuSyokL of - 

PAKISTAN: MofcXK&ftr. Qazi Motito. 
Nasir All, Abdul Rashid, Ayaz 
Mahmood. Naeem Akhtar. Qasim ; 
Khan. Ssfira Sherwani, Hassan Sar-, 
dar, Partial Khan (sub: Shahbaz 

the United States eixeuit; and i 
Mark Nenow, holder of foe 
world's best lOfcin time of ; 
2722. • ........ ■ 

Khan), Wasfan Feroze. 

T BRITAIN: I Taylor; S Martin, 
P Barber, J Potter, h Dodds, W 
McCormen, 8 Batchelor. R Leman 
(ate K Bhara), S Kerty. D Faulkner. 
J Duthie (sub: Imran Sherwani). . 
Umpires: R Lathouwers (lhe 
Netherlands) and A 8Wter.(West 

Kelly aims 
for top 

Eder expelled 

they served indifferently and 
lost a first-game lead of 9-2. 

lost a first-game lead of 9-2. 

That allowed the crowd the 
chance to get behind their 
Swedish hero. Shuttle boxes, 
struck forcefully together, 
boomed the English to defeat. 

Tailor, disappointed to lose 
Dew as his partner in the 
Thomas Cup later in the 
month, thus suffered another 

Sean Kelly, of Ireland, will 
be hoping to continue where 
he left off three weeks ago, 
when be won Milan-San 
Remo race in brilliant fashion, 
when fee 180-mile Tour of 
Flanders begins tomorrow 
(John Wilcockson writes). 

A new climb has been added 
to fee already-challenging 
course. The Paterberg hill is 
only 378 metres long, but large 
cobblestones and a one in five 
gradient will provide a severe 
test. The main rivals for Kelly, 
who has already won 10 races 
this year, are expected to be 
Moser, of Italy, and 
Vanderaerden and Planckaert, 
both of Belgium. 

Welsh cloud - 

England beat Wales 44) and 
drew 0-0 with Scotland at the 
start of the Home Counties 
schoolgirls tournament in Ab- 
erystwyth yesterday (Joyce 
Whitehead writes). In the first 
match of the day, Ireland beat 
Wales 1-0. 

- The Brazilian Football As- 
sociation have dropped Eder 
and Sidney, two left-wingere, 
from their World Cup party , 
and Edivaldo, aged 24, who is 
uncapped, has been called up 
to replace them. Eder was sent 
off during last Tuesday’s inter- 
national against Pent after 
punching Castro, the right 
back, in the fece and has been . 
expelled from the squad as a 
disc iplinary measure. Sidney 
has suffered a hamstring inju- 
ry and will not practice before 
the end of fee month. 

„ Harris .is the ma n In form, 
as befits someone who works 
for an express delivery service. = 
He had an easy -win over ; 
Lewis and Terry Greene,- fee . 
revelation of the Newcastle ' 
City centre 5km * week tost ; 
Wednesdays Harris also won ; 
this race tire last time heran in ■ 
.1983, beating Ovett info ; 
fourth place. 

; A ' similar victory today ” 
woukl eatn Harris £1 ;000 fo;i 
go with his appearance meat- $ 
ey. -'But Ovett’s contention ^ 
that Jus- long' winter training:' 
without racing may have left 
hint rusty should not be taken " 
too seriously. And Musyoki ■ 
and Nenow will be the other.:; 
interesting factors. 

The Kenyan, was first' in i* 
28-21. and the American third ■ 
in 28.29 in the Santing n lOJc ;• 
two weeks ago, bm this will be 
the first itiad race for both of ^ 
them, outside fee United •' 

Souness talks 

Kaylor out 

Graeme Souness, Scotland’s 
World Cud rantain. con- 
firmed yesterday that he is to 
have talks this weekend about 
his future wife Sampdoria, the 
Italian dub. Souness has one 
more year of his contract 
remaining and it is believed he 
may return to England as a 

Mark Kaylor, the' former 
British and ConmAmweahh 
middleweight champion; has 
pulled out of his bout wife 
Kenny Snow rext Wednesday 
and will miss 'the rest of fee 
season. Kaylor, suffering from 
blocked sinuses and breathing 
difficulties, will enter hospital 
next week for an operation. 

Those Santiago times area - 
minute outside - Nenow’sj 
world best for the - 
distariceAnd he admits lie is. 
not ronningas well as when he ; 
did feat 2722 in fee Crescent 
City Classic:, in 1984. Harris ■; 
msy, have to beat his course-- 
record . 

Pppnrd hrpflLpr , J wo distinguished 74-year- 
JXCvUlU Ui wl Kv i olds meet in an lntneiune real 

Intrig uin g tie Paragon alone 

lmiigUUIg uc Paragon, the 60ft British 

disappointment, although his 
performance often glittered 
with sharp-wined potential. 
The Kenyan-born youngster 
was beaten again soon after- 
wards by a Swedish mixed 
doubles partnership. 

Cup squad, who play in the 
same group in die finals as 


Stephen Hendry, the 17-year- 
old Scottish champion, made 
snooker history yesterday wheat 
he defeated Dene O'Kane, of 
New Zealand. 10-9 to become 

okls meet in an intriguing real 
tennis match at Cam bridge 

the youngsst-ever player to reach 
fee Embassy World champion- 

ships at 

tennis match at Cambridge 
tomorrow when Jack Davies, 
president of fee MCC and the 
ICC plays Clany Pell, fee 
former US seniors angles 
champion, in the world ama- 
teur over-60s championship 
(William Stephens writes). 

Paragon, the 60ft British 
trimaran skippered by Mike 
Whipp, scored a significant 
victory yesterday (Barry 
Picfcfeall writes). She not only 
beat the best French multihull 
fleet in class two at La Trinite 
but secured line honours 
ahead of the leading 80-footers 
in fee second of a series of 
Grand Prix races. 

Harris, Ovett and Sebastian 
Coe. who is, “only jogging 
round" in fee 3k fun-run 
beforehand, are all competing 
again, in fee Seven Counties 
12-stage road relay on Wim- 
bledon Common tomorrow. 
And Paul Davies-Hale, who 
could have upset everybody in 
the Battersea race . has chosen 
instead to run fee Digital 
Watches half-marathon in 
Reading, also tomorrow. He is 
favourite for the £1.000 first 
prize, and will earn another 
£1,000 for-breakihg the rela- 
tively soft course record, of 

* ? TL 


*i- / 

Vii. ^