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S 1 



No 62,427 



Ifr Anthony Bevins and Gavin Bell 

Tlte Pnme Minister yester- Irish agreement was a precon- . . cause — the Anglo-Irish agree*' 

ditioa. . - . ■ - - 

day held a private Commons 
meeting with two of Ulster’s 
elder statesmen amid growing 
Westminster speculation that 
the Government would be 
forced to offer the Unionists a 
concession over the Anglo- 
1 Irish agreement. 

The talks, attended by Lord 
Whilelaw and Mr Tom King, 
Secretary of State for North- 
ern Ireland,, were with Lord; 
Moyola, who as Mr James 
Chichester-Clark ' was Prime 
Minister of Northern Ireland 
from 1969 to 1971, and Lord 
Brookeborough, a member of 
the Unionist government 
which resigned and forced 
direct rule in 1 971 

it is understood that Lord 
Wbitdaw, a former Secretary 
of State for Northern Ireland, 
has doubts about the Anglo- 
Irish agreement. 

Downing Street sources yes- 
terday repeated that there was 
no question of acceding to the 
Unionist demand for the 
agreement to be set on one 
side before further talks could 
be held about the possibility of 
a new form of devolnuon. 

But as was so graphically 
shown after the meeting be- 
tw&n the Unionist leaders Mr 
James Molyneaux and the 
Rev lan Paisley and the Prime 
Minister on 25 February, talks 
would be abortive without the 
support of the rank-and-file 

Mr Molyneaux, leader of 
the Official Unionists,, said 
yesterday that, if -Downfag. 
Street refused ito budgr there: 
was complete deadlock. He 
said that a suspension; of 
implementation of the Angfo- 

The reality was that there 
could be no discussions with- 
out that precondition bring 

That reality was accepted 
last- night by a number of 
senior figures in theConserva- 
tive and- Labour parties at 
Westminster, along with the 
belief that .the government 
now had to find a means of 
retreat which would not in- 
cense and antagonize Dublin. 

Bui a contrary view was put 
"by Dr David Owen, leader of 
the Social Democratic Party, 
who said in a speech art. 
Salisbury; Wiltshire, that al- 
though a majority of people in 
Ulster opposed the Anglo- 
Irish agreement the Unionist 
leaders - must' reassert 

'He said^It is an abuse of 
their commitment as constitu- 
lional Unionists that the Rev- 
erend Ian Paisley T and James 
Molyneaux appear not to be 
ready to take ujrlite offer of 
talks on an open agenda with 
thePrime Minister.’* \ 

Mean while, Mr Paisley, on 
his -return from a week-long 
visit to the - United States, 
blamed Britisfr moves to give 
Dublin a say in the govern- 
ment of Northern Ireland fora 
wave of gun and petrol bomb 
attacks against police officers 
and thear families. 

Mr paisley, leader of the 
Democratic Unionist Party 
issued a warning that the 
province was sliding into 
anarifty; ; ! - 

Mr Paisley calkri a press 
conference yesterday to de- 
nounce the violence mid what 
he perceived to belts primary 

ment of .last November that 
gave Dublin a consultative 
role in Northern Ireland af- 

“I unequivocally and unre- 
servedly condemn violence 
and these attacks on police 
homes and families. However 
it roust be said that the RUC 
has been put in an impossible 
situation by having to imple- 
ment derisions taken under 
the Anglo-Irish agreement,” 
he said. - 

“This agreement cannot 
bring about stability, reco Defl- 
ation and peace. It has within 
it the ingredients of war and 
that’s what it is going to bring 
about unless something is 
done about it.” 

Mr Paisley was speaking a 
few hours after three more 
bombs on policemen and their 
families were attacked with 
petrol bombs and stones in 
Belfast on Tuesday night. An 
RUC spokesman said there 
had been more than 160 such 
incidents since March 3, and 
31 police famili es had been 
forced to leave their homes. 

Nobody has been seriously 
injured so far by the violence 
which has been confined to 
loyalist areas of the city and 
nearby towns. 

Mr Paisley pointed out that 
the police depended on the 
goodwill of the largely protes- 
tant communities in which 
they reside, but be rejected 
any suggestion that he or his 
unionist supporters might 
know who was responsible for 
the. attacks. - 

Mr Paisley called for the 
immediate resignation of Sir 

Continued on page 2. col 1 


men ' 

it is 25'; 
| 7 earssiuee 
I Yuri ' • 
became the 
first man in 
space. How - 
did the- - 
turn science 
fiction into 



How much, 
how soon? 

The Times . Portfolio daily 
competition - prize of £2.600 
was won yesterday by Mr P. 
Danldey, of Rugby. Portfolio 
list, page 28; how to play, 
information service, page 20; 
Portfolio relaunch, page 3. 

Files seen 

Representatives of Israel and 
Austria were allowed jester; 
day to inspect the secret UN 
files on Dr Kurt Waldheim’s 
record in the Second World 
War- ... 

Inquiry spreads, page 5 

Art chief quits 

Dr Peter Cannon-Brookes. 
keeper of an at the National 
Museum of Wales at Cardiff, 
who was suspended after the 
purchase for £1.25 million of 
three Rubens cartoons of dis- 
puted authenticity, is to leave 
his post 

Bhutto return 

Miss Benazir Bhutto, leader of 
the opposition Pakistan Peo- 
ple’s Party, arrives in Lahore 
today, determined to bring 
about the fail of President Zia 
ul-Haq pa £* 7 

Young pioneer 

Nottingham University was 
the first British university 
built since the war. but it 
quickly became a pioneer of 
adult education. Now it is 
tackling the scientific needs of 
the next century. 

Special Report pages 14-17 

France to toughen 
anti-terror laws 

From Diana Geddas* Paris 

: Measures to crack down on 
terrorism, including the intro 
dnction of a 30-yrar prison 
sentence and the establish- 
ment of a sperial court to try 
suspected terrorists, were an- 
nounced yesterday by M Jac- 
ques Chirac, the French Prime 
Minister, in a speech to Parlia- 
ment- outlining the tow 
Government’s policies. 

■ The: Government proposes 
to create -a new “crime of 
terrorism”,' which would be 
judged in the new specialized 
-court in Paris, and to extend to 
four days the length of time a. 
suspected terrorist may be 
held in police custody without 
being charged. 

It also plans to set up a 
national security council un- 
der the aegis of the Prime 
Minister, to co-ordinate the 
various services involved in 
combating terrorism. 

The proposed 30-year pris- 
on sentence is intended as a 
substitute for the death penal- 
tv. abolished by the Socialists 
in 1982, and will be applicable 
to any crime involving mur- 
der - terrorists or not. 

Announcing that new penal- 
tv, on which no remission will 
be available, M Chirac made it 
clear feat his Government 
does not mean to bring back 
fee death penalty. 

He was speaking after a 
Cabinet meeting in which he 
clashed with President 
Mitterrand over the Govern- 
ment plan to privatize more 
than 50 companies and finan- 
cial institutions, including 
some nationalized by General 
de Gaulle immediatley after 
the Second World War. M 
Mitterrand said he would not 
sign any decree to privatize 
companies nationalized be- 
fore 1981. 

Many of the recent terrorist 
attacks in France have been 
carried out by pro-Iranian 
Arab groups, but M Chirac 
emphasized that France felt 
“absolutely no hostility” to- 
wards Iran. 

In other proposed moves 
which could help France's 
terrorist problem, immigrants 
who are convicted of common 
law crimes are to be automati- 
cally expelled 

Negotiations would be 
opened wife the governments 
concerned to see if they could 
serve their sentences in their 
cduniries.of origin. 

In an attempt to make it 
harder for would-be terrorists 
to enter France, the Govern- 
ment is proposing feat visas 
be required for all foreigners 
of non-EEC origin. . 

First clash, page 7 

Ian Botham and his wife, Kathy, enjoying a drink at their hotel in Antigua after her arrival 
yesterday. Botham flew to the.island a day ahead of the rest of the England team for the re- 
union. The fifth and final Test starts tomorrow. 




By BUI Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

An advisory panel on tech- 
nology, created five years ago 
by the Cabinet Office to help 
the Prime Minister formulate 
policies for fee electronics 
industry, is to be disbanded 
this week after compiling four 
reports seriously critkica! of 
the Government 
The six-man Information 
Technology Advisory Panel's 
last report has not 
beenpnbtisbed. It demands an 
imm edia te rethink on teaching 
methods m schools and calls 
for aa inquiry into what it 
describes as a crisis. 

The paper is critical about 
government departments. 
Ministers and advisers have 
failed to onderstand feat Brit- 
ain must compete in a technol- 
ogy-driven world, that 
teaching methods most change 
to harness the advantages of 
that technology and that pn- 
pUs be educated hi the new 
sciences, the report says. 

The panel gamed promi- 
nence in 1982, Information 
Technology Year, after it re- 
ported on cable television. It 
was critical about recent 
governments' reluctance to en- 
courage cable television and 
called for a complete relax- 
ation of constraints on 

The Government dragged 
its feet and within two years 
abolished capital allowances 
for laying cable, making many 
franchises un viable. 

The next year the panel 
outlined how Britain could 
create a new industry by 
selling information. Put of its 
blueprint required the Govern- 
ments take a lead, because its 
statistical offices are among 
the primary sources of com- 
mercially useful data. Once 
again, the Government chose 
to do relatively little. 

The panel's penultimate 
principal study last year inves- 
tigated why cable television — 
supposed to have been wide- 
spread by 1984 — had failed to 
take off. The study laid much 
blame on the Treasury 

Home Ne*s 2-4 
Oieneafc M 
Appts -J 

Arts V 

Births, dead*, 
a w rnvgrv la 

Books II 
BhdIixw 31-28 


Com* j* 

Diary 12 

tenures 10.12 
Leaden 23 

Letters B 

06fl«T- If 
Sale Room 18 
Science IS 


Sport 3&49 

Thcams.ctc 39 
TV £ Radio # 
Weather ■ 28 

* * * * * 

Italy admits wine laws inadequate 

Rome (Reuter) — Italy yes- 
terday admitted its regulations 
had been inadequate lo pre- 
vent a wine adulteration rack- 
et that led to at least 1 7 deaths. 
But its Health Minister said it 
had been thought inconceiv- 
able (hat people would poison 
wine for profit. 

Signor Costante Degan, 
whose resignation has been 
demanded . over the scandal 
said there Was a laxness rand 
“certain lac* of attention^ in- 
foe area of food adulteration. 

He said official machinery had 
“seized up” because of admin- 
istrative costs. 

He suggested, however, that 
even a more efficient structure 
might not have avoided fee 
scandaL “Nobody could have 
imagined that a group of 
swindlers would produce wine 
wife rnefeyl (wood) alcohol a 
toxic product which blinds 
and kills those that drink ft. 
No. something like that was 

The Ministry of Agriculture 

said a system of analysis and 
certification was being pre- 
pared to guarantee feat alco- 
hol exports were free of toxins. 
• EISENSTADT: An Austri- 
an wine producer and mer- 
chant was yesterday jailed for 
four years for making artificial 
wine (Reuter reports). 

The regional court of Bur- 
gcnland, a major Austrian 
wine-making province, found 
Stefan Wrann, aged 59, guilty 
of commercial fraud. 

French tests, page S 

Surprise growth 
in lending hits 
base rate hopes 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Hopes of a further cut in 
interest rates in the next few 
days receded a little yesterday. 

Official figures showed an 
unexpected acceleration in fee 
money supply last month. 

The fear was that interest 
rales would have to remain at 
iheir present levels to limit 
further money supply growth. 
But falling oil prices weakened 
the pound against the dollar 
and most European 

Sterling money market in- 
terest rates began falling 
sharply yesterday morning on 
hopes of a further base rate 
cut But they were halted by 
the publication of money sup- 
ply figures well above 

In the banking month of 
March, sterling M3, the broad 
measure of money supply, 
rose by 2.25 per cent, com- 
pared wife a 1 per cent rise fee 
previous month. The increase 
gives an annualized rise of 
.16.5 per cent, well above the 
Chancellor's target range of 
between 1 1 and J 5 per cent set 
in the Budget 

However, the narrow mon- 
ey supply measure. M0, rose 
by 0.5 per cent, giving an 
annualized rate of 3.5 percent 
— well within the target range. 

The chief reason for fee 
money supply growth was a 
£2.6 billion surge in bank 
lending, attributed partly to 
companies hurrying to invest 
before capital allowances were 
abolished four days ago. 

Optimism in the money 
markets over lower base rates 
did not fade completely, how- 
ever, and after absorbing the 
disappointing figures, interest 
rates still ended the day 
around 0.25 per cent lower. 

At the same time, the pound 
fell back one cent against the 
dollar, closing at $1.4630 in 
London, even though the 
dollar continued to weaken 
against ofeer major curren- 
cies. It also weakened against 
the mark, dropping more Own 
four pfennigs to 3.3950. 
Sterling’s trade-weighted in- 
dex slid one point to 75.7. 

O In Washington. Mr Nigel 
Lawson, the Chancellor, yes- 
terday forecast at an interim 
committee meeting of the 
International Monetary Fund 
that the annual rate of infla- 
tion in Britain this year would 
be 3.5 per cent with economic 
growth at 3 percent, sinking lo 
2.5 per cent in the first half of 
next year. 

• Japan announced a 
record trade surplus of $6.6 
billion in March iivin§ a total 
surplus for the financial year 
of $52.6 billion compared 
with last year s record of $35 
billion. March's trade surplus 
is an increase of over $2.5 
billion on the surplus in 

Japanese surplus soars 

and Kenneth Fleet, page 21 
New Opec fears, page 23 

Germans expel two 
Libyan diplomats 

Bonn - West Germany 
expelled two Libyan diplo- 
mats yesterday, four days after 
fee terrorist bombing of a 
disco in West Berlin which 
killed two people and injured 
more than 200 others (Our 
Correspondent writes). 

Herr Friedbelm OsL the 
chief Government spokes- 
man. said Herr Hans-Dietricb 
Genscher. the Foreign Minis- 
ter. had ordered the expul- 
sions because the two 
diplomats had engaged in 
“various activities” that were 
not in tune with international 
diplomatic rules. 

Bonn had clues that pointed 
to Libyan involvement in fee 
attack on the La Belle disco- 
theque last Saturday. Herr Ost 
added. But there was no 
concrete evidence that Libya 
was behind it. 

He refused to name the two 
diplomats, but said they were 
of middle rank. However, 

security circles identified the 
men as Ahmed Omar Issa and 
Mahmud Ahmed Shibani of 
fee Libyan secret service. 

Herr Ost said the diplomats 
had been under observation 
for a long time. There was no 
evidence to link them with fee 
disco bombing. 

Herr Genscher ordered the 
expulsions shortly before the 
Bonn Cabinet discussed the 
West Berlin outrage. Chancel- 
lor Kohl told fee Cabinet: 
“We will not let our American 
friends be bombed out and 
also not terrorized out. Wf 
will take all necessary mea- 
sures to protect them.” 

The expulsions are seen as a 
result of American pressure on 
Bonn to punish Libya for the 
disco attack. But the West 
Germans will not bow to 
Washington's demands for 
economic sanctions against 
Colonel Gadaffi. 

Support for Reagan. pageS 

Dirty tricks finish for poll fight at Fulham 


By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

With Labour xlear favourite 
win todays Fulham by- 
election, fee Conservative and 
Affiance camps Indulged u a 
Bifid eve-of-poll dirty tricks 
nmip^n yesterday aimed at 
winning second ptace. 

' Mr Matthew Carrington 
and Mr Norman Tebbrt, the 
Conservative Party chairman, 
delivered the first Mow with a 
leaflet, printed m orange, 
which gave every indic a tio n of 
being ad Affiance document. 

Only fee most observant 
reader would have, seen the 
word Conservative in small 
type -on the bade page, giving 
away its tree origin. 

“Affiance pouefes — roort- 
py relief to go — council 

tenants right to bey ab- 
olished,'' it said in bold type. 

Just the trick to make 
wavering Tory voters consid- 
ering supporting the Affiance 
to dunk again. 

Mr Roger Lsddle, the Affi- 
ance candidate, and Mrs Shir- 
ley Williams, the SDP 
President, were suitably out- 
raged. “An utter disgrace . . . 
lies ... issued at the last 
moment in the hope that fee 
trntb can't Mtdi up with 
them,” spluttered an indignant 
Mrs Williams. 

It was the Affianced public- 
ly stated policy to give mort- 
gage tax relief at the standard 
rate, but not at the higher rate, 
she said. As for council house 
sales, fee Affiance policy for 
five rears had been feat they 
should be sold but receipts 



sbonld be ploughed hack Into 
bunding new homes where 

there was a boosing need. 

“I make a direct challenge 
to the Conservative Party 
chairman. Does be sapport the 
telling of direct and absolate 
lies to the voters of Fulham in 
a desperate attempt to save his 
candidate's fate at this very- 
late stage?” 

Mr Tebbit insisted the leaf- 
let reflected Alliance policy, 
however muddled it may be, 
and shrugged off accusations 
that the orange colour of the 
leaflet was deliberately 

“Come on fellows. We are 
all consenting adults in fee 
game of politics,” be said wife 
a smile. 

He then pointed to the latest 
Alliance leaflet, which con- 
tained rations cuttings from 
local and national newspapers. 

showing the Conservatives in a 
poor light. 

Alongside qaotes from The 
Times , Daily Mail and Daily 
Express was one from the 
Fulham Express. “Tories fad- 
ing fast.” it proclaimed. 

Now the Fulham Express, 
although similar in stvte to 
local frees beets, is the SDP's 
own party political publication 
which has been distributed 
during the by-election 

“They are now taking their 
own beadlines from their own 
campaign literature and pre- 
tending it is a press ratting. 
Now really . . .” protested Mr 

Mrs Williams, now on the 
defensive, insisted the two 
leaflets could not be compared 

Continued on page 20, col 1 

test set 
up again 

From Christopher Thomas 


The United Slates went 
ahead yesterday with plans to 
detonate an underground nu- 
clear explosion in the Nevada 
Desert, virtually ensuring that 
the Soviet Union wilt end its 
eight month unilateral mora- 
torium on nuclear testing. 

Despite the strains over the 
nuclear issue, it is dear that 
both fee White House and the 
Kremlin are determined that 
nothing will stand in the way 
of a superpower summit this 

The test was cancelled on 
Tuesday, supposedly because 
of local weather conditions, 
and rescheduled for yesterday, 
weather and technical circum- 
stances permitting. 

Administration offidals de- 
nied that it was cancelled 
because it would have coincid- 
ed with talks at the White 
House between President Rea- 
gan and Mr Anatoly Dobryrin. 
the outgoing Soviet Ambassa- 
dor. which virtually set fee 
seal on a summit this year. 

Mr Dobrynin held further 
farewell talks yesterday with 
Mr George Shultz: the Secre- 
tary of State, to try to set a 
firm date for a meeting next 
month wife Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, the Soviet For- 
eign Minister. Tnat meeting 
may produce a firm summit 

The Administration prefers 
June or July but is also willing 
lo settle for November. Mr 
Reagan is on holiday during 
August and will be campaign- 
ing for congressional Republi- 
can candidates in September 
and October. 

Anti-nuclear protesters, 
mostly members of fee envi- 
ronmental group Greenpeace, 
continue to send members 
illegally into the huge Nevada 
test site yesterday and claimed 
that its action had caused the 
delay on Tuesday. 

About 90 demonstrators 
have so far been arrested for 
trespassing and released or. 
5250 bail each. 

They includi.i fee arti-war 
activist. Mr Daniel EHsbetg. 
famous for leaking fee Penta- 
gon papers. Greenpeace said it 
would continue to send activ- 
ists into fee site. 

To emphasize its determi- 
nation to continue the testing 
programme, the Administra- 
tion has provisionally sanc- 
tioned two more underground 
tests in Nevada this month. 

Continuation of the pro- 
gramme has drawn criticism 
from both sides of Congress. 
Senator Edward Kennedy said 
the primary reason for con- 
tinuing the blasts was to 
develop fee controversial 
Strategic Defence Initiative, 
or “Star Wars” 

One potential new SDI 
weapon is the X-ray laser, 
which is produced by the 
explosion of a hydrogen 

surge in 

By ChristopherWarraan 
and Lawrence Lever 

Substantial increases in 
house prices are being forecast 
as lower mortgage rates and 
the warmer weather encourage 
people to move home more 
readily. The latest survey 
shows a surge in house prices 
in March and an annual rate of 
increase of 10.3 per cent and 

The Incorporated Society of 
Vainers and 

Auctioneers / Financial Weekly 
house price survey published 
today shows that the housing 
market picked up quickly after 
the cold spell in January and 
February. Mr Brian Goswell. 
ISVA president, said: "The 
reduction in mortgage rates 
and the relatively easy avail- 
ability of funds” were contrib- 
utory factors 

The ISVA conclusions are 
backed up by other experts. 
The Halifax Building Society 
is currently saying that bouse 
prices have increased by more 
than 10 per cent over the last 
year with the average price of a 
house in the UK standing at 
over £36,000. 

The huge demand for hous- 
ing finance' is reflected in 
massive increases in building 
society advances this year. 

Along with a surge in fee 
number of first-time contend- 
ers in fee mortgage market, 
like fee American securities 
house Salomon Brothers, fee 
high street banks have re- 
entered the battle, with a 
package of offers aimed at 
tempting home owners away 
from the building societies. 
Midland is offering a half per 
cent reduction in its mortgage 
rate to new customers and to 
those switching to fee Mid- 
land from ofeer lending 

Mr Goswell of the ISVA 
said feat with wages running 
well ahead of prices, and with 
fee degree of availability of 
mortgage funds, price in- 
creases were likely to move 
well ahead of the 10 per cent 
improvement the society had 
predicted at the turn of the 

The survey shows that the 
increase in prices over the las: 
12 months has predictable 
regional variations, with the 
greatest advance in the South- 
east (11.8 per cent), followed 
by fee South-west and Mid- 
lands (9.9 per. cent). North- 
east (8.2 per cent) and fee 
North-west (7.6 per cent). 

In the latest quarter in- 
creases in prices were over 2 3 
per cent in four of the five 
regions, with only the North- 
east (1.9 per cent) significantly 
below fear figure.But since the 
second quarter of 19S5 the 
average house price has in- 
creased from £38,968 to 

In fee present economic 
circumstances, fee society ex- 
pects price increases to reach 
11-12 per cent by fee summer. 

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sees a 

Pickets in 
on TNT 

By Michael Horsneli 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

A public backlash against 
the permissive society was a 
sign of hope for the future of a 
free society in Britain. Mr 
Norman Tebbit said 

The Conservative Parly 
chairman said at St James's. 
Piccadilly, central London, 
ihai there was a need “to" 
overcome the poisoned legacy 
of the permissive society and 
to place a concern with stan- 
dards where it belongs, back at 
the centre of the” nation's 

But he said that, having 
largely created the problem in 
the first place, the socialists 
couid offer no solution. 

Mr Tebbit said that in the 
l c 6Us the debasement of the 
currency ran parallel with the 
debasement of standards: a 
loss of national self-confi- 
dence and self-respect was 
masked !->■ self-delusion: and a 
shaliow optimism concealed 
economic realities. 

“Legia’aiion on capital pun- 
ishment. homosexuality, 
abortion, censorship and di- 
vorce - some of it good, some 
of it bad. but all of it 
applauded as “progressive - — 
ushered in in quick succes- 
sion gave an overwhelming 
impression that there were not 
only going to be no legal 
constraints, but there was no 
need for restraint at all. 

“In tnis climate free expres- 
sion easih became self-indul- 

gence. Sympathy for 
wrongdoers ’slipped towards 
sympathetic tolerance of the 
wrong itself. Love for the 
sinner slipped into love of the 
sin." Mr Tebbit said. 

Mr Tebbit said that there 
was plenty to be done to 
combat the malaise, particu- 
larly in the inner cities, but he 
said that the socialist way had 
been tried. 

He said: “Its failure is to be 
found not just in the*depriva- 
lion which springs from eco- 
nomic failure but in the 
rooUcssness which collectivist 
policies have created: not just 
in the pockets of poverty, 
which no one disputes exist, 
but in the lack of self-respect 
which the collapse of tradi- 
tional values has engendered." 

But he said that persona! 
responsibility could be 
recreated through ownership 
of homes and shares: that 
security could be rebuilt 
through greater respect for law 
and order: that stability could 
come through strengthening a 
sense of personal obligation, 
“most notably within 

Mr Tebbit said: “Values of 
the free society are again 
commanding respect from a 
people who have seen what 
dependency, brought about by 
socialism, and irresponsibil- 
ity. brought about by permis- 
siveness, have brought in their 

The police yesterday dis- 
played an arsenal of weapons 
gathered by officers offer a 
night of violent protest against 
News International outside a 
newspaper distribution plant 
in Surrey. They included ham- 
mers. lumps of metal, bolts 
and nail devices to throw 
under the wheels of lorries. 

Three pickets were arrested 
when striking print workers 
dismissed by News Interna- 
tional tried to prevent lorries 
carrying The Times and The 
Sun leaving the TNT distribu- 
tion depot at Brooklands In- 
dustrial Park, Byfleet. 

will help 
to remove 

Buyout plan for 
60 companies 
in bus firms sale 

By Michael Bally, Transport Editor 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

Radioactive substances dis- 
charged persistently into the 
sea from the Sellafield nuclear 

About sixty local bus com- 
panies may be bought by their, 
management and staff under 
proposals announced in the 
Commons by Mr Nicholas 
Ridley. Secretary of State for 

reprocessing plant in Cumbria. 

could be removed by a process Transport, yejerday.^ 

developed at the universities- Thpr include some of die 

r , but 1-nnnm in IRP hll« 

The police called in rein- 
forcements after about 450 
pickets, one of whom received 
head injuries from a brick 
thrown by another, started 
hurling missiles. 

Pidkets held up distribution 
for more than three hours and 
breakaway gangs ambushed 
lorries, smashing the wind- 
screens of three, as they 
delivered newspapers to the 

Pickets* armoury displayed by Chief insp John Walters. 

A TNT manager bad his car 
damaged and was punched and 


estate; was partly demolished 
during the demonstration over 
News International's move to 
a new printing plant at 
Wapping, east London. 

Surrey police said that the 
three men arrested bad been 
charged with various public 
order offences and released on 
bail to appear in court next 
month. “Due to various badges 
and items found by the police, 
we understand this was an 
official picket No policemen 
were hurt." 

• Members of the National 
Union of Journalists on News 
International's four titles at 
Wapping have been ordered to 
attend mandatory chapel 
(union office branch) meetings 
today by Mr Harry Conroy, 
general secretary of the onion. 

handed OHt yesterday for dis- 
obeying an instruction from 
the national executive council 
not to cross the official picket 
line outside the Wapping 

The garden wall of a house 
in Oyster Road, opposite the 

Mr Conroy, who will ad- 
dress the meetings, criticized 
the journalists in a leaflet 

• John Buniak. aged 29, a tax 
officer, from Leytonstone, east ; 
London, was fined £200 and 
given a seven-day suspended 
jail sentence by Thames 
Magistrates' Court yesterday 
after be admitted cruelly beat- 
ing a police horse on the picket 
line at Wapping on March 23. 
He was fined £25 for 

iia picket protes 

Shipyard workers who fail- 
ed to siop the launch of HMS 
Coventry hit back at thetr 
co m pan y \ este rda v. ■ 

The suspended’ craftsmen 
mounted picket lines which 
semi-skilled men who had 
been working normally at 
Swan Hunter Shipbuilders on 
the Tyne refused to cross. 

The 2.000 craftsmen have 
been suspended indefinitely 
wiuiuut pay after striking on 
Monday to try to halt' the 

The attempt failed when 
100 of the newly privatized 
company's managers volun- 
teered to go in overnight to 
launch the f 100 million ship 
in the early hours of Tuesday 
morning, a move that later 
brought congratulations from 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher in the 

Mr Alan Wilkinson, chair- 
man of the craftsmen's shop 

stewards, said the 600 semi- 
skilled workers had refused to 
cross their picket lines 


“The success of our pickets 
has given us a great morale 
boost which we needed after 
yesterday's events. We will 
continue to picket the yards 
every morning — we are in a 
very determined mood.” 

The company said “some" 
of the semi-skilled workforce 
had been barred by the 

Last week the officials urged 
them to work normally so 
thattalks could go ahead with 
the company to try to settle 
their pay dispute. 

The skilled men staged an 
overtime ban and tried to slop 
ihe launch after rejecting the 
company’s final offer to in- 
crease pay from £135 a week 
to £153 now and £160 next 

Deal on 
fire chief 

BR still on course 
despite coal strike 

By a Staff Reporter 

Dismissed Derbyshire fire 
chief Mr Trevor Slevin and 
the county council today 
reached agreement on the 
manner of his going. 

During an adjournment in 
his appeal to a Home Office 
tribunal against his sacking 
the council said it would 
accept his resignation and he 
agreed to withdraw the appeal. 

Mr Slevin. aged 43. is 
awaiting trial on fraud charges 
relating to his expense claims 
as Chief Fire Officer. 

He was dismissed from his 
£27.000-a-year job last Sep- 
tember after a council panel 
found him guilty by of six 
disciplinary charges. 

By George Hill 

The after effects of last 
year's coal strike were still 
obstructing British Rail's ef- 
forts to attain the financial 
targets the Government has 
set it for 1989. witnesses from 
the British Railways Board 
told MPs yesterday. 

The economic effects dF the 
dispute had already meant a 

have suffered from that", Mr 
Fowler said. “In addition, a 
small proportion of coal deliv- 
eries has stayed on the road, 
and the Central Electricity 
Generating Board no longer 
has an exclusive delivery con- 
tract with British RaiL" 

In principle, the British Rail 
representatives expressed 
themselves satisfied with the 
target of a 5 per cent return on 

of Reading and Salford. 

The process, which is 
15.000 times more effective 
than anything else tried so far, 
would extract two of the most 
troublesome agents rutheni- 
um 106 and technicium 143. 

The details of the scheme 
were reported by Dr Michael 
Hudson, of Reading Universi- 
ty. to the annual congress of 
the Royal Society of Chemis- 
try at Warwick University. 

The idea is an extension of a 
process, invented by Dr 
Hudson's group, which is in 
use in the precious metals 
industry for extracting pre- 
cious metals including gold, 
platinum and palladium from 
waste streams. 

Dr Hudson said a research 
student was working on the 
project, with a one-year grant 
from British Nuclear FueL He 
said the work was at the stage 
where more money was need- 
ed, if the discovery was to be 
transferred quickly from lab- 
oratory work to an operating 

The invention is based on a 
group of molecules in the form 
of co-ordinating co- polymers, 
which means that they link to 
other things and that they 
consist of more than one 
polymer molecule. 

Ruthenium has presented a 
hazard in wastes from 
Sellafield because it concen- 
trates in seaweed. The bulk of 
the material is removed by an 
operation which is similar to 
using finings to clarify beer or 
wine. It is known as the floe 
process, in which particles of 
iron oxide are mixed into the 
tanks of liquid waste. Most of 
the radioactive metals adhere 
to the particles. 

But the residue poses an 
intractable problem, and its 
discharge to the environment 
is limited by the amount being 
accumulated in seaweed. If 
ingested, the metal accumu- 
lates in the kidneys and liver. 

best known names in the bus 
industry such as Southdown, 
London Country. Midland 
Red, Yorkshire Traction, and 
Crosville. They are expected 
to r ealiz e £100 mUlion-£2QG 
million when the State-owned 
National Bus Company sells 
them off later this year. 

Mr Ridley said he had 
directed the NBC to sell its 70 
or so bus undertakings sepa- 
rately to promote com- 

He is taking a different view 
of bus than airline privatiza- 
tion. In his re-structuring pro- 
posals last year, maximum 

sale price for British Airways 
appeared to take precedence 
over maximum competition 
in Britain's airline industry: 

Sold as one unit, the NBC 
might realize £200 million- 
£250 million. 

Mr Ridley said he warned* 
purchase proposals submined'* 
by mid-May. and as many 
sales as possible completed by 
October 26, when de-regula- 
tion of the bus industry starts. 

According to the NBC. 
which with !4(fflG buses an 
50.000 employees has about a 
third of Britain's bus industry, 
staff of about sixty of hs 
companies have expressed in- 
terest in a buy-out. 

The NBC board originally 
favoured selling off in a few 
large regional groups, but Mr 
Ridley refused this on the 
ground that it. would frustrate 
genuine competition 

Owen plan CBI wants 
for crisis new exams 
in schools introduced 

By George Hill 
More local discretion, not 
closer Government control, 
was the remedy for the crisis 
in education. Dr David Owen, 
leader of the Social Democrat- 
ic Party, said yesterday. 

Returning to the theme of 
education for the third time in 
a week. Dr Owen repeated his 
earlier call for greater experi- 
ment within the existing state 
system, without "escapist" in- ; 
novations such as Crown ; 
schools or vouchers. j 

"A pattern is emerging in 

By Lucy Hodges 

The Government received 
some much needed support 
yesterday when Sir Terence 
Beckett, director general of the 
Confederation of British In- 

examination for 16-year-olds 
should be introduced this * 
autumn as planned despite the * 
boycott by the two - biggest 
teaching unions. 

"Whatever the current 
problems, it is part of the 
coherent pattern of education 

the Government's ‘hands off which this country needs, and 
the private sector’ and ‘hands we must - push ahead without 

on the public sector* education 
policy". Dr Owen said. 

Teachers should be paid 
more in exchange for con- 
tracts rewarding excellence; he 
said at a meeting in Salisbury. 

“The job of the head teach- 
ers is so important that it 
should be subject to review 
every five years. They should 
not have absolnte security 
until retirement" he added. 

delay", the employers’ leader 
told a conference in London 
on education and training for 
14 to 18-year-olds. 

"The GCSE will set criteria 
for achievement, not only 
academic achievement It also 
has dear implications for 
teacher training and stan- 
dards. It commands wide 
support, not least from the 

reduction in the number of SSnSrti CwS STTfiK 
locomotives and rolling stock „... , e 



By Rodney Cowton 
Defence Correspondent 

The continuation of the 
death penalty for five military 
offences has been supported 
by a select committee of the 
House of Commons. 

The committee was estab- 
lished to examine the Armed 
Forces Bill which is now 
before Parliament, and which 
is a routine Bill dealing mainly 
with diseplinary matters every 
five years. 

The members of the com- 
mittee say in their report that 
they have concluded that there 
are sound reasons for retain- 
ing the death penalty. Each of 
the five military' offences 

whole. These offences are thus 
less akin to (he civilian crime 
of murder than to that of high 
treason, for which the death 
penalty is still not only avail- 
able but mandatory." 

The committee notes with 
approval that other military 
offences, such as cowardice or 
desertion, which may bear 
similarly disastrous conse- 
quences for military opera- 
tions, bnt which lack the vital 
element of active intent to 
assist the enemy, do not carry 
the death penalty. 

The committee dismisses as 
“at best exaggerated" com- 
plaints made by “At Ease", a 
voluntary organization which 

which carry it requires a .offers a counselling service to 
positive act of treachery - - of Servicemen. 

deliberate and active assis- 
tance to the enemy, or. in the 
case of mutiny, of deliberately 
impeding operations against 
the enemy. 

“Such acts might jeopardize 
not only the lives of individual 
servicemen but the security 
and survival of the nation as a 

“At Ease” had criticized the 
treatment of young service- 
men. and claimed that many 
servicemen who go absent 
without leave are unwilling to 
surrender themselves to their 
units for fear of being sen- 

order to survive in a civilian 
society in which they are 
unable to find legal 

It also criticized the difficul- 
ty which young servicemen 
had in obtaining an early from the services. It 
proposed that servicemen 
should have the rijght to leave 
the forces after giving three 
months' notice, or one month's 
notice for those aged under 18. 
These proposals are rejected 
by tbe committee. 

On the question of drag 
abuse in the British Armed 
Forces, the committee says it 
has been broadly reassured by 
the evidence it received. It says 
that in 1984 convictions for 
drug abuse represented only- 
one case per 1,000 personnel, 
whereas In the United States 
Navy the incidence of abuse 
had been as high as 50 per 

® Special Report from the 
Select Committee on the 

on the freight side of the 
business. Sir Robert Reid, 
chairman of British Rail, told 
the Commons transport com- 

“The dispute was a body 
blow, there is no doubt about 
that". Mr Derek Fowler, vice- 
chairman of the board, said. 

. “We shall be really pushed 
to achieve the targets without 
contraction! of the business or 
heavier cost to the customer. 
But I share Sir Robert’s opti- 
mism that it can be done. 

“The stocking of coal at 
power stations has been less 
than expected, for reasons that 
are not entirelv clear, and we 

cm acnw sniiaiibu vruu u it A fifiiLi ,. i ‘. _ 

iget of a 5 per cent returnon 

immercial services by 1989. JW£ P 5 ° f ^ 

. c wages to chanty after pro- 

We are tang on course for posed changes to lax laws was 
cry one °f. our objectives , announced rn London 

Drive to exploit charity tax 

every one of our objectives" 
Sir Robert said. "But it is time 
we looked a the 1974 direc- 
tive- It needs to be more 
specific, but we are already 

jn ■ - 1 O— * 

to finalize details of the 
scheme over the next 12 
months and -inform employ- 
ees. firms, locaT authorities 
and unions. 


The Charities Aid Founda- 
tion, to manage the scheme 
until the changes in the law 

director who will administer 
the campaign. 

The foundation's campaign 
will ■ culminate when the 
scheme is launched, probably 

It hopes to encourage 1.8 at the Albert Hall in London, 
million people, about 10 per beforeihe law change fa April 

discussing this with the Seen- next ApriL ^ chari _ 
tary of State. ties an extra £100 million a 

The board had made efforts Year. 

to maximize tbe potential of 
the threatened SenJe-to-Car- 
lisle line. Sir Robert said. 
There had been a rise in use, 
but nothing like enough to 
make the service break even. 

"It is a very costly line. As 
railwaymen we are keen to run 
a service provided it brings a 


The changes, announced in 
the Budget, will allow dona- 
tions taken at source of up to 
£100. a year to be tax 

The foundation is planning 

cent of the workforce, to give 
£1 a week to charities through 
the payroll scheme. 

During the autumn, an 
experimental “test drive" will 
take place involving 10 com- 
panies, local authorities and 
charities to find out how the 
scheme will work in practice. 

The Charities Aid Founda- 
tion is to appoint a payroll 

next year. 

■ Mr Michael Brothy, direc- 
tor of the Charities Aid Foun- 
dation, said he was very 
“excited" about the plans. 

He said: "The tax conces- 
sion introduced in the Budget 
comes into effect next April, 
but it is important to begin 
promoting the idea to individ- 
uals immediately." 

Committee calls peers 
on knighthood claim 

High Court challenge 
to £20m GLC handout 

A last-minute decison by by the Conservative Govern- 1 
the doomed GLC to make mem’s new London residuary ' 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

fenced fo detention, and are Armed Forces Bill (Stationery 
led into criminal activities in Office; £12.50). 


Continued from page 1 
John Hermon. the chief con- 
stable. saying he had put his 
men at risk and had lost their 

He asserted that large num- 
bers of policemen were on the 
point of revolt and predicted 
mass resignations leading to 
an absence of law and order 
and to anarchy. 

An RUC spokesman how- 
ever dismissed the claim as 
nonsense, saying there had 
been no resignations among 
the force's 12.500 officers 
other than the normal rate 
through retirement and injury. 
“In the present climate of 
unemployment it is highly 
unlikely that officers with 
families to support and mort- 
gages to pay will throw up well 
paid jobs just like that." 

Mr Paisley reserved his 
strongest criticism for Mrs 
Thatcher, whom he termed 
“the biggest criminal of them 

“I would make another 
appeal lo the prime minister 
today to stop pressing the 
button of confrontation and to 
press the button of 
consultation." he said. 

He called for an immediate 
end to the Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment and for new settlement 
talks, but added: “in no wav 

will I sit down to discuss the 
future of Northern Ireland 
while the Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment is being implemented 
and that's my final word on 

The most dramatic evi- 
dence of the need fora change 
of course came yesterday from 
Lord Fitt. the former leader of 
the Social Democratic and 
Labour Party and deputy lead- 
er of the power-sharing execu- 
tive which was brought down 
by the Ulster Workers’ Coun- 
cil strike in May 1974. 

Lord Fill said in a BBC 
radio interview on the Today 
programme that the Anglo- 
Irish agreement had been 
designed to bring the alienated 
Catholic community back into 
constititiona! politics in 
Northern Ireland. 

But he then added: “The 
community in Northern Ire- 
land now that is most affected, 
which is very frightened and 
bitterly resentful is the Protes- 
tant community. 

“And not alflhe Protestant 
community are thugs and 
stone-throwers and extrem- 
ists. There arc thousands and 
thousands of decent Protes- 
tants in Northern Ireland who 
feel totally alienated and iso- 
lated and I would advise the 
Prime Minister or any of her 

advisers who are listening to 
this programme that lime is 
very very short. 

There is now an increasing 
feeling, across all parties at 
Westminster, that die Prime 
Minister has to offer the 
Unionists a tangible conces- 
sion on the Anglo-Irish 

The two peers alleged to 
have offered Mr Alan Bristow 
a knighthood to get him to 
drop his opposition to the 
Sikorski-Fiat bid for West- 
land. the helicopter company, 
in February are to be asked to 
give evidence to the Com- 
mons Select Committee on 
Trade and Industty. 

The committee is to make a 
special report to the Com- 
mons today in which it will 
report that Mr Bristow initial- 
ly refused to answer questions 
about his allegations. 

Such a refusal could have 
left Mr Bristow open to an 
action for contempt of Parlia- 
ment but the committee yes- 
terday offered the mitigating 
information that Mr Bristow 
had since written a letter to the 
Speaker of the House. Mr 
Bernard WeatherilL answer- 
ing the questions which had 

been put 

That confidential letter con- 
tained the names of the two 
peers, and the committee is 
understood to have derided to 
make an approach to them to 
give evidence. 

Peers cannot be compelled 
to appear before a Commons 
select committee and it is 
therefore possible that they 
will refuse, but they wiQ also 
be offered the choice of refut- 
ing the allegations in written 

Sir Michael Havers, the 
Attorney General, announced 
in a written Commons ques- 
tion on Tuesday that the 
Director of PubUc Prosecu- 
tions had launched an investi- 
gation into the allegations, 
which, if substantiated, could 
be a breach of the Honours 
(Prevention of Abuses) Act 

an other pre-abolition bequest 
of up to £20 million to fond 
voluntary organizations is be- 

body, which has taken on the 
GLCs liabilities. 




The Government has 
dropped its threat to retaliate 

*d3USdtaltaHS Mr Low, st id t be volunt ary 

Court by the Conservative- 85 P 01611 * 1 *! *** agreement to allow Seaiink 

controlled Westminster City 2KJ5 Jf° saiI inl ° Zeebru 8? e ' 
Council. feel that they could argue their The Secretary of State for 

Westminster learned of the than Transport, Mr Nicholas Rid- 

inrpnrimi hanrLnut nn Maim. residuary oooy. lev. announced veslerdav. 

Westminster learned of the 
intended hand-out on Maun- 
dy Thursday — the day after 
the House of Lords had fin- 
ished hearing argument over 
the legality of the GLCs £76 
million “tombstone fond” 
and just four days before 

Mr Justice Mann granted 
Westminster leave to seek 
judicial review of the elev- 
enth-hour decision to leave 
£16-£2Q million to 40 or 50 
voluntary bodies. 

Mr Mark Lowe, counsel for 
Westminster, submitted that 
the payments would be a form 
of illegal “forward fonding” 
and should be banned bv the 

The judge ordered that the 
residuary body should be serv- 
ed notice of tbe case on its own 
behalf and on behalf of the 
voluntary organizations, who 
should be individually con- 
tacted by Westminster. 

snips to sail into Zeebruggc, 
The Secretary of State tor 
Transport, Mr Nicholas Rid- 
ley, announced yesterday. 

In a Commons written reply 
to Mr Peter Rees, Conserva- 
tive MP for Dover, Mr Ridley 
said that British Ferries 
Seaiink was free to start a 
service to Zeebrugge’s inner 
port immediately. A service to 

The fate ofthe GLCs earlier Zeebrugge’s outer port can be 
derisions to hand out £76 started as soon as new foriL- 

million has already been part- 
ly derided by the House of 

The Law Lords indicated 
that they would uphold a 
court ban on a £40 million 
grant to the Inner London 
(Interim) Education Author- 

But they have yet to give 

Police seek wife of 
escaped prisoner 

The irony of this latest judgment on the legality of 
challenge by Westminster is £36 million fonding to other 

that the case will be defended organizations. 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

• In a separate issue appar- 
ently unrelated to the attacks 
on police, a mass meeting of 
bus drivers voted yesterday to 
suspend evening services 
throughout Belfast indefinite- 
ly in protest against mounting 
violence against them. 

The meeting was called by 
union officials representing 
employees of the Citybus 
Company after they reported 
1 7 separate attacks on drivers 
last night In the most serious. 
Mr Aidan Connolly, aged 4b. 
of Andersens Town, suffered 
eye and shoulder injuries 
when a petrol bomb smashed 
into his cabin while he was 
driving along the Crumlin 
Road in North Belfast The 
bomb failed to ignite but Mr 
Connolly was cut by broken 
glass and sprayed with petrol. 

The drivers' curfew was to 
lake effect from 7pm last j 

Detectives searching for the 
high security prisoner freed 
from a west London hospital 
have been unable to find his 
wife who saw him hours 
before his release. 

Yesterday New Scotland 
Yard pul out an appeal for 
Mrs Dawn Knowlden to come 
forward. Police were said to be 
“anxious" to see her. 

A man and a woman who 
also saw the prisoner before he 
disappeared have been inter- 
viewed and released. 

Yard refused to comment 
further for operational 

Knowlden was transfered to 
the hospital from Wormwood 
Scrubs prison, west London, 
for an operation on his nose 
which should have taken place 
hours after he escaped. 

Yesterday, the assistant sec- 
retary of the Prison Officers' 
Association, Mr James Kay. 
said Knowlden would never 
have been at the hospital if 
adequate medical facilities 

Small businesses ‘get 
no assistance’ 

By Sbeila Gunn, Political Staff 

The Government has been other regulations; and govem- 
cused of merely tinkering mem departments should oav 
th the problems of small for information 

accused of merely tinkering 
with the problems of small 
firms and the seif-employed 
by the Centre for Policy 
Studies, a right-wing think 
tank set up by Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher and Sir Keith Jo- 
seph. which has urged a 
radical reform of government 

ties have been completed. 

Mr Ridley said that this was 
agreed at a “constructive" 
-meeting with the Belgian Min- 
ister of Communications and 
other Belgian parties. 

“It was agreed that technical 
discussions between the com- 
mercial parties concerned 
were urgently required and the 
Belgian minister undertook to 
see how quickly BPS'S require- 
ments can be m'et 

“In these circumstances, I 
have concluded that it would 
□ot be appropriate to propose 
action under the Merchant 
Shipping Act 1974," Mr Rid- 
ley said. 

The Government 

annnounced in February that 
it was considering retaliation 
against state-owned Belgian 
ferries after the ban on Seaiink 
ferries using Ostend and 

t l 

■fi 1 ' 

f ! A i 5 

‘ i M < tr 

Even as she wrote new SELJ?"* ^ ena 1 
regulations were flooding in ^ ^ 
from Whitehall, she says. ~ " 

Former vicar 

statutory sick pay and EEC 16 fllTPCtofl 
legislation could be used to AC31CU 

turn small businessmen into' 

latest study. Business criminals or bankrupts. 

Alan Knowlden, aged 35. of had been available in the 
south London, was freed from prison. He should not have 

sii/l burdened argues that She recognized that the 

his bed at St Mary's Hospital. 
Paddington, on Tuesday 
morning when a gang armed 
with iron bars and ammonia 
attacked three prison officers. 
He was awaiting trial for 
attempted murder in I9S4. 

Detectives began searching 
for his wife within hours, but 
have still to find her. They 
know the whereabouts of the 
couple's children who are 

been given three visitors 

A Home Office spokesman 
said that the prison hospital 
w ing was being renovated and 
the facilities were therefore 
now quite limited. 

A report on the escape was 
being prepared by Mr David 
Brooke, the prison governor, 
for the Home Office. Future 
security measures would be 

while this Government, de- consequences of making the 
dared its support for small Government pay for all the 

hllCinMcoc UiJnr tknn hhii _ . -f * - " 

visitors businesses louder than any of information it now cot fiw* 

if® nn'Hw'Ktnrc cn for .a 1 ® w 

its predecessors, so far it had 
largely resorted to more 

would be devastating. . - 
Lord Young, the Employ- 
ment Secretary, said the pro-’ 

Ms < Teresa Gorman, the posals were both radical and 
siudy s author and chairman challenging. 

Tbe Rev Jan Kuos, who 
resigned as Vicar of St 
Michael's on the Orchard 
Estate in Hull last .montfa, was 
arrested yesterday. 

A police spokesman said 
.that Mr Knos. aged 53. was 
being held in a police station 
in connection- with “certain 
allegations of indecency". 

'A**, ; 

Hi ? * j ... 

of the Alliance of Small Firms 
and Self-Employed People, 

"They represent an imerest- 
ing response to the plea of 

proposes that small compa- small businesses. We will 
nies with less than 20 workers consider them very carefully 
should be exempt from all but Small businesses, freed 

,£* B Frs BOr 

?S: extnartafr Pei 200; 

9(^70niiispfiwurtc Ofcr Q.oai 
_ 9.00, Franc, rr, n iw 

thought to be under the care of considered after officials had 
relatives, but yesterday the studied that report 

snouia be exempt from all but Small businesses, freed from 
the most essential regulations; burdensome regulations, can 

Finland MVfc 900; France Fra 8 00 
ggntiat g DM 3.HO. crnraiur eop: 
GrwwDr 1BO: Holland a 3.6C* mi 
RfBUbUc «Ji: Italy L 2.700: UtwK- 
is d£* Madeira Esc 170: Malta 

mandatory insurance should make a real impact 
replace health, safety and unemployment," he said. 

Mur? is 46-. I 

$£££ 'OaSES'S 

S1.T5J VupMfacia Din 400. 

c- ! < y 



■i <1 f 

v U\\ 


* . • 


- • 4 l-t-, i. 

; .*: 
i i ; - 

— ra.te.'i'ifcifnci trtir.mcraLt.%/ * j»vu i • i^nuj^ 



by coroner over 

suicide attempt scene 

The producers of the BBC 
senes EastEnders whkh- fea - 1 
lured an-, episode showing an 
attempted suicide weie. 'criti- 
cized by the Wiltshire coroner ■ 
yesterday at an inquest into 
the death of a prl aged 17 who 
took a drugs overdose. 

Lisa Buttifant, of Whitsbury 
Road, Fordingbridge, Hamp- 
shire, was one .of. three young 
people from the area who died - 
within a fortnight of. each 
other last month after separate . 
lovers’ tiffc. ; 

At the inquest ra Salisbury, " 
the coroner, Mr John Elgar, 
was told that Miss Buttifint, a 
trainee hairdresser, had proha- ' 
bly watched the .episode in 
which a publican’s wife: at- 
tempted to kill herself *, but was' 
later saved. 

Mr Elgar said be had seen 
the episode himself and said: ■ 
“It seems highly probable that 
a lot of young people watched 
the regrettable suicide scene in 
the EastEnders which gave the 
impression that if yon think 
you will be found in time, it is 
safe to take an overdose^ - 

“Nothing is farther from the 
truth and perhaps the ptoduc- .. 
ers of such programmes will 
pause and think of taking 
advice from such caring orga- 
nizations as the Samaritans 

and the Coroners’ Society of 
England and Wales.”- • ■ 

‘ Miss Buttifant was said to 
have taken 10 times die 
prescribed dose of an anti- 
depressant drug after falling 
out with her boyfriend.' Mr 
Elgar said he thought she had 
done rt. to draw attention to 
herself believing she would be 
foundin time. He recorded an 
open-verdict ..... 

: ; The coroner was told that a 
week before Mis* Bnttifant’s 
death, ' Stephen Hayier, aged 
22 , a stock controller, of 
Bowerwood Rioad, Fording- 
bridge, was. found dead, in a 
fume-fflled car on the out- 
skirts of the town. 

, He had had a heated dispute 
-with his gnttriend .Jennifer 
Bryant, of Wavedey . Road, 
Ford ingbridge, and the two 
lad come to blows. Miss 
Bryant told the inquest he ted. 
never struck her before. 

After the dispute she fold 
her father, Mr Philip Bryant 
who said he found his daugh- 
ter covered in cats and bruises 
arid crying. He got on his 
motorcycle and gave chase to 
MrHayter who was in his car, 
but he could not catch him. 
The. next day Mr Hayier was 
found dead. 

.The coroner recorded a 

verdict that Mr Hayter killed 

In a third inquest, Mr Elgar 
was told that Tracey Williams, 

' aged l9, a packer. of HiBbnry 
Park, Aiderholt, near Fording- 
bridge, look a massive over- 
dose of Paraoetemol after a tiff 
with her boyfriend, Christo- 
pher Pearcey, aged 22, a 
welder, of Queens Gardens, 

But she made him promise 
not to tell her parents and he 
tried to induce vomiting to 
dear her stomach. She 
brought up a number of 
tablets and be assumed she 
was all right 1 

But later her condition 
worsened and she admitted to 
herparents that die had taken 
30 to 40 tablets. She wastaken 
to Salisbury. Infirmary, 


saying he did not believe she 
. intended to take her own life. 

He said Miss Buttifant had 
been a dose friend of Miss 
Bryant and would have 
known she had taken a drugs 
overdose, unsuccessfully, after 
Mr Hayter’s death. But Mr 
Elgar said there was no appar- 
ent connection between Miss 
Williams ’s death and the 

Cardinal ‘in satanist rites 9 

i Self-styled satanist Deny 
Main waring Knight yesterday 
claimed he had been ordained 
info the Mack arts by a 
cardinal. “ 

He told Maidstone -Crown 
Courtihat he had been a grand; 
archdeacon in the satanist 
organization for a long time 
and refused to swear on the 
Bjble before giving his 

“I’m a consecrated priest I 
had to be consecrated m order 
to desecrate." he said on first 
day of the defence in the 26th 
day of die satanist tnaL 
“It was done through the 
Roman Catholic Chmm.but 
how it was done/why it was 
done, where and for what 
purpose. Fm not pre pa red to 
say at aH” ■ 

He said he had been initiat- 
ed into an organization caHcd 
the “Sons of Lucifer", hut Mr 
Knight refused categorically to 
. give details about . his initia- 
tion and practices, only to say 
he had taken nine sets of vows., 
. He said the oath he had 

taken on a sceptre - one of the 
items of insignia be claims he 
bought to free himself from 
the control of the devil - was 
of “far greater importance 
than this court” 

- But he said be had wanted 
toget out since he was 21 . 

Mr Knight said that when 
he was nearly nine he bad seen 
an apparition at the foot of his 

- bed. 

“It didn't havea face or eyes 
but it spoke to me, and I was 
aware very clearly of a voice 
saying that I was bom for 
destruction and shortly after 
that things began fo happen 
1 that had never happened 
before”, he said. 

He said satanists were in- prostitution, drugs, 
extortion, blackmail and 
“anything of a deviously cor- 
' nipt nature”. 

He . claimed he earned be- 
.tween £4,000 and, £12,000 a 
week from “a very specialized 
sphere of prostitution” in 
which la giri was made a bona 
fide virgin again. “There is no 

end of people who want such a 
female”, be said. 

He also refused to say 
whether the black arts were 
associated with Freemasonry. 

And he said he was only 
giving evidence because of the 
influence of the rector of 
Newtek, Sussex, the Rev John 
Baker, who had raised the 
money from committed 
Christian for him; Mr Michael 
Warren, one of the donors, 
and his defence counseL 
“My own preference was to 
plead guilty and get it over 
with,” he fold the court, but 
added that he was glad he had 
taken their advice fo give 

Mr Knight, aged 46, of 
Dormans Land, Surrey, an 
unemployed painter and deco- 
rator, denies 19 charges of 
obtaining more than £ 200,000 
from committed Christians by 
deception, claiming he needed 
the money fo buy satanic 
insignia to free him from the 
control ofthedeviL 
The trial continues. 

clue led to 
charge for 


The teD-tale bootprint on 
the shirt of a dead prisoner led 
to a police sergeant’s being 
charged with the man’s mur- 
der. a court was fold 

Forensic scientists exam- 
ined the footwear of all offi- 
cers at the station where the 
prisoner, aged 67, had been 
held in a ceLL 

Only the boots of Sergeant 
Alwyn Sawyer were capable of 
producing the mark on the 
shin, Mr Rhys Davies, QC 
for the prosecution, told the 
jury at Manchester Crown 

Sergeant Sawyer, aged 45, of 
Eamont Avenue, Southport, 
denies murdering Mr Henry 
Foley, a retired bus driver, in 
February last year. 

The court was fold that Mr 
Foley, of. Pitt Street, South- 
port, was taken fo the police 
station for his own safely after 
being found drunk in a street 
He did not struggle or show 
any resistance and was not 
injured when placed in the 
“drunk” cell and regular 
checks were made on him. 

During one of those visits, 
the court was fold. Sergeant 
Ivor Richardson, who that day 
had completed 25 years’ police 
service, was knocked to the 
floor, punched and kicked by 
Mr Foley. 

After the attack the prisoner 
had fo be restrained and was 
left lying on the floor of the 
cell in han dcuffs. 

“Exactly what did happen 
fo Mr Foley after that assault 
is something which may not 
be revealed during the evi- 
dence. But, beyond doubt. 
Sergeant Sawyer’s boot came 
info contact with Mr Foley’s 

Later that morning the pen- 
sioner was found sitting on his 
bed crouching forward with 
both arms across his stomach 

He was taken to hospital 
where he died after a heart 
attack brought on by injuries 
to his bowels, intestines and 
kidney tissue. 

“Those injuries were char- 
acteristic of crushing force or 
direct blows such as stamping 
or kicking", Mr Davies said. 

“The Crown say Mr Foley 
was subjected fo a brutal 
assault, probably at a time 
when he was quite helpless 
with his hands handcuffed 
behind his back and when he 
was tying on the floor of the 
cdL” . 

The trial continues today. 

Man faces 

An Army corporal serving 
with the United Nations 
forces in Cyprus was flown 
4 back to Britain yesterday after 
being questioned by Scotland 
Yard detectives investigating 
the death of a Surrey publican 
(Siewert Tendler writes). ' 

Del Supt Frank Dove, lead- 
ing the inquiry jmo the death 
of Michael Joannou on April 
I, flew to Cyprus at the 
weekend to question the sol- 
dier. Two trays were spent 
talking fo the man before the 
police, said that he would be 
returning to Britain for further 

Mr Joannou was found 
strangled on the fawn of his 
home at Thames Ditton, Sur- 
rey, after locking up his public 
house at Epsom. The police 
have said that they believe he 
. was killed somewhere else and 

~ his body dumped St, his home. 

His wife, Mrs _ Marian 
Joannou, was questioned by 
the police Iasi weekend after 
breaking down during a press 

Comic’s son on 
killing charge 

The son of the television 
comedian Mike ■ Reid was 
remanded in custody yester- 
day by Saffron Walden magis- 
trates. Essex, charged with 
killing his best friend: 

Mark Reid, aged 20, was 
accused of the manslaughter 
of Ian Rogers, aged 17, who 
was found shot at the Reids 
m trag p in Great Easton, nrar 
Dunmow, Essex, .in 

Youth hurt 

\ vouth ^ed IS was recov- 
ering' in St Thomas's Hospital, 
Lambeth, south London, yes- 
terday after soccer thugs 
slashed him across ihe^&ce 
with a Stanley knife on Tues- 
day night, necessitating 30 

more TV 

By David Hewson 
Mr Alasdair Milne. Direc- 
tor-General of the BBC pre- 
dicted yesterday that the 
a vaflahflity of more television 
channels may not lead to 
much greater, choice for the 

: Delivering the Fleming Me- 
morial ’Lecture to the Royal 
Television Society, Mr Mime 
said that the results of public 
service broadcasting had been 
ta k e n too much for granted. 

“In the United States the 
constant flow of British quali- 
ty broadcasting is n$arded 
with a mixture of admiration, 
envyand puzzlement. 

“I think we have kept going 
by having as our chief broad- 
casting aim the '■ making of 
good programmes, the aim to 
which au other purposes are 
subordinate. We have never 
assumed that the boundaries 
of interest and taste are fixed 

and finite." 

. The expectation that more 
channels will lead ' to far 
greater choice is unlikely to be 
mere than partly fulfilled, he 
said. “The conditions for the 
productions of quality pro- 
grammes whjch would widen 
choice are even now rarely 
available and are unlikely to 
be entranced by any future 
fragmentation of technology, 
of audiences and, most impor- 
tant, of talent." 

Detention for 
sister killer 

A former soldier who killed 
his sister was ordered yester- 
day to be detained for treat- 
ment at Broadmoor after 
prfmiurfig manslaughter with 

diminished Te^reahflhy. 

-Steven Painter, aged 26, 
also pleaded guilty to making 
threats to kill his younger 
brother. Robert, and to setting 
fire to a hotel room in 
Bournemouth where he fled 
after kfllrag his sister. 

400 superstores and 
many more to come 

By Derek Harris Industrial Editor 

Although Britain's mimberabout 1 , 100 according 

fo 1GD estimates. Among the 

superstores now number 
about 400, with signs of 
saturation of markets in the 
North, the tide of planned 
openings is still running 
strongly. There is also an 
mrcxpected jump in planned 
openings of smaller stores. 

That emerges from the 1985 
Food Retailing Review of the 
Institute of Grocery Distribu- 
tion (1GD) in which the 
instituteasked store chains 
about opening plans 

The biggest concentration 
of openings was in the South- 
east, with 81 stores planned. 

At the end of last year the 
.number of superstores was put 
at 396 but some have opened 
since then. Smaller stores of 
less than 10,000 square feet 
seem to be coming back info 

There are 88 smaller stores 
planned around the country, 
which is more than half the 
total planned store openings. 

Convenience stores now 

convenience store 
are 7-Eleven (pan of 
Guinness), Sperrings, 
Misselbrook and Weston, 
John Quality/Spin (Booker 

The problem of finding sites 
for superstores is underlined 
by the survey, although it 
points out that the move beck 
to developing areas such as the 
East End should throw up sites 
and shopping potential 

The survey says: “The mul- 
tiple retailers, including the 
larger Co-Operative societies, 
have been vying with each 
other for prime sites. In the 
South-east in particular, 
where land is extremely ex- 
pensive, one wonders whether 
ui the long run the forced-up 
site prices will make an ade- 
quate return on investment." 
• Food Retailing Review 1985 
(Institute of Grocery Distribu- 
tion, Letchmore Heath, Wat- 
ford, Herts WD2 8 EX£ £95). 

Nuclear food 
radiation may 
be standard 

The nuclear radiation of 
foods to extend their shelf-life 
is likely fo become standard 
practice after an investigation 
by medical researchers 
(Thomson Prentice writes). 

A. report fo the Department 
of Health and Social Security 
is to be published today and is 
expected to contain recom- 
mendations on how foods 
such as fruit and vegetables 
can be treated with radiation 
to preserve them. 

For more than three years 
an advisory committee, set up 
by the department, has been 
studying international medi- 
cal evidence on food 

Warning not to use lie tests 

The British ^J** 03 ***** 

Society said yesterday that * 
nay dfeeMtae *»> Jg 

members who canry fie 

detector tests for the. 

Government. ’ 

The Government bus an- 
noonced its Intention to use 

coannunicstions centre m 

Cheltenham. ^ 

However, the society _saul 
that the tests 
tnaccttraie" and amid brad to 
false accusations befog *aoe 
against innocent people. 

Tire society's wanting to its 
12500 members cosies after a 
Study it commissioned which 
concluded there was no scien- 
tific evidence to support /the 

■ accncacy of the tests. 

Other resea r ch, ly. Ameri- 
can scientists, published fo 
The Lancer last month, showed 
there ware .“disturbing 
implications" in their findings. 
They said the use of He 
detectors was based oil & “very 

■ weak scientific foundation". . 

•■The equipment could in- 
afohtie more truthful people 

thanlbus and was unlikely to 
help prove a suspect’s inno- 
cence, they said. 

BPS members are being 
advised that they cotdd be 
reported to the society's com- 
plaints committee if they sub- 
ject people to the tests. 

“The ultimate sanction is 
that we could remove their 
wampc from the books, which 
could have, serious conse- 
quences on their careers with- 
in the health service," Mr 
Stephen White, a spokesman 
for the society said. 

“The Marquess de Santa Cruz", the $8 million Goya painting alleged fo have been exported 
illegally from Spain, behind bars at Christie’s yesterday for a pre-sale exhibition (Photo- 
graph: Bill Warhnrst). 

Injunctions on 
Beade songs 

Northern Songs, which 
ownes the copyright in early 
Beatles’ songs, was granted 
injunctions in the High Court 
y^terday against an alleged 
“bootlegger” of Beatles’ 

Mr John Peter Delaney, also 
known as John Stewart, pro- 
duced tapes for making 
“bootleg” records of “Let It 
Be”, “Get Back”, “I’ve Got a 
Feeling", and “Hey Jude". Mr 
Robert Englehart QC, said. 

He said Mr Stewart, of St 
Albans, Hertfordshire, had in- 
dicated, through his solicitors, 
.-that he would not am test the 

Mr Justice Warner granted 
Northern Songs injunctions 
restraining Mr Stewart from 
making , selling or distribut- 
ing, for the purposes of trade, 
any record or tape embodying 
any of the four Beatles’ works. 

£lm gift helps 
to stage opera 

An opera-lover’s £1 million 
gift to the Royal Opera House 
will help to pay for the new 
production of Beethoven's 
FidelioM Covent Garden this 


Mrs Jean Sainsbury, of 
Bosham, West Sussex, a for- 
mer sub-editor for Reuters 
news agency, announced her 
rift last October after inherit- 
ing a fortune from her father 
who made it on the Stock 




. Britain’s social workers ur- 
gently need a £30 million in- 
house training scheme to up- 
grade child care services over 
the next five years, according 
to the Association of Directors 
of Social Services. 

“In-house training is need- 
ed in all areas of child care to 
minimize risks of future child 
abuse tragedies and fo help 
restore confidence in demoral- 
ized staff Mr John Chant, the 
director of Social Services for 
Somerset, said yesterday. 

The association fears a 
Government circular on child 
abuse, due to be released soon, 
will ignore the urgent priority 
for extra training funds. 

lhe association arranged a 
rare press conference yester- 
day fo defend the rote of social 

“Our major concern is that 
the media has unwittingly 
undermined the role of social 
workers in protecting 
children." Mr Andrew Foster, 
director of Social Services for 
North Yorkshire, said. 

Disabled hindered 
by waiting lists 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

the report said, “often results 
not from a lack of resources 
but from the accident of where 
the patient lives. There is 
urgent need for a better system 
of referral from one region to 
another without administra- 
tive impediment or financial 
penalty for the region which 
accepts the case.” 

The seminar members rec- 
ommended a comprehensive 
screening system to detect 
potentially disabling condi- 

The Health Education 
Council should regard the 
avoidance of disability as a 
specific priority, and cam- 
paigns should be designed to 
reduce specific hazards for 
known “at-risk" groups. 

The members supported 
“more rigorous action; even 
where this might involve 
some marginal restriction of 
individual freedom" against 
smoking, excessive alcohol 
consumption, noise and atmo- 
spheric pollution, and road 

An “unacceptably large" 
number of people in Britain 
remain blind, deaf or physical- 
ly handicapped because of 
over-long waiting lists for 
surgery, a group of medical 
specialists has reported. 

The incidence of disability 
affecting more than three mil- 
lion people could be reduced 
by at least 20 per cent without 
extra cost to the health service, 
according to the experts. 

The conclusions came from 
the National Seminar on the 
Prevention of Disablement, 
promoted by the Impact 
Foundation in London in 

The report said about 7,000 
people remain needlessly 
blind and many thousands 
suffering other handicaps 
could be helped through a 
national strategy supported by 
the Government. 

Such a strategy would re- 
quire “positive and 
imaginative" initiatives. 

“Excessive waiting time". 

go for 
gold with 

With the relaunch of 
The Times Portfolio com- 
petition next Monday 
as Portfolio Gold* this 
Saturday will be the 
last day on which the 
present bine Portfolio 
cards can be used. 

From Monday read- 
ers will need the new 
Portfolio Gold cards 
which are being made 
available through 
newsagents this week. 

In the new 

competition. the daily 
prize is doubled to 
£4,000, with the weekly 
prize fixed at £8,000. 

Details about the 
new game and how it will 
be played will appear 
in The Times tomorrow. 

Portfolio Gold is 
sure to increase demand 
for The Times and 
readers are urged to 
make sure their copy is 
ordered at the newsagent 
Any readers who 
experience difficulty in 
obtaining tbeir Port- 
folio Gold car As should 
send an s. a. e. to the 
following address: 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, P O Box 



Computer to 
issue alert 
for children 

Extra measures are being 
taken to stop “tug of love" 
children being smuggled out 
of the country, the Home 
Office announced yesterday. 

From May 2. police in 
England and Wales will pro- 
vide 24-hour cover using a 
national computer to link 
them more quickly with im- 
migration officers at all pons 
and airports. 

The Under-Secretary of 
State at the Home Office. Mr 
David Mellor, said: “If we are 
to stop children from being 
unlawfully removed from the 
country, speed is essential. 

“Although it is not possible 
to give a cast-iron guarantee 
that in every case of a port 
alert a child will be successful- 
ly picked out. from May the 
police will be able to provide a 
service around the dock. 

Tht. *dtfY1i-*iamJ » puMr*«l In W KolIrtfluM & mi*. LmUnl and I ll«ir> vhniiWnjit'. ' " limil.^. nOHvil!^ lldiwurTni.1 H.I- n*'l!— n TnM M i sn 

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Mindful that share prices can vary daily, we are publishing a bulletin showing lhe value 
of our offer for Imperial.The value we\e quoted is based on our best possible offer. 

The next closing dale of our offer is April 1 1 at 3 pm. 




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The values oT Hanson TrusiX offer!, tfeppnd on lit .sharp pnw. The above oITer value is fur Hanson Tru-i‘> share and C onverithfe Slock 
Election and lakes account oTan estimate h» Haare Govetl lid. of Hie value uf the Irt^n mnufrtilik* loan -l«*ek *•< Han-on Tm-t.The value 
of the Convertible Slock is estimated because tl will onl> be listed in the eveiir «»t the offer becoming uiuonriiiuiiul. 

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Howe turns down 
sanctions now 


^ mtm 

A sudden resort to sanctions 
against South Africa before 
receiving the report of the 
Commonwealth group of emi- 
nent persons would not be 
helpful in promoting dialogue. 
Sir Geoffrey Howe. Secretary or 
Slate for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, said during 
Commons questions. 

He was replying to Mr Denis 
Healey, chief Opposition 
spokesman on foreign and 
Commonwealth affairs, who 
said Bishop Desmond Tutu had 
risked imprisonment to call for 
sanctions. Mr Healey main- 
tained that Britain should in- 
crease economic pressure now 
on South Africa to ensure the 
release of Nelson Mandela so 
that discussions could take place 
between him and the South 
African Government 
Sir Geoffrey Howe said the 
Commonwealth had decided on 
certain measures to be taken and 
that position should be held 
until the group of eminent 
persons had completed its work. 

So it would be unfruitful (he 
said) for us now to begin taking 
isolated action of the kind Mr 
Healey suggests. It is important 
to maintain an atmosphere in 
which the constituent members 
of the group and the supporting 
governments are reaching out to 
try to put in the neat steps 
towards dialogue. That is what 
we are trying to do. 

I acknowledge the important 
role Nelson Mandela could play 
but 1 do not believe a sudden 
resort to sanctions at this stage 
by us or anyone would be 
helpful in promoting that role. 
Mr Healey also urged the 
Foreign Secretary to use his 
influence to ensure the 
Commonwealth group made its 
report in time for the House to 
debate it before the summer 

Sft Geoffrey Howe replied: It is 
not possible to say that the 
proceedings of the Common- 
wealth Group will be deter- 
, mined or conditioned by the 

needs of this House, but 1 shad Mr Dari 
try to bear the needs of the North, La 
House in mind. The Common- bloodshed 
wealth group win operate to from the 
achieve its own objectives. majority I 
Earlier, he said the group so many) 
would report to the heads of cal rights, 
government of the seven 
Commonwealth states within whai p 
si* months of January I, 1986. bv the Bn 
Mr John Carlisle (Luton North. Other buix 
Cy When he receives the report t™ l ? e ? s . 1 

of the group will he try and frced mth 

Mr Darid Whnrick (Walsall 
North, Lab): The violence and 
bloodshed in South Africa arises 
lrom the situation where the 
majority have been denied for 
so many years their basic poliii- 

What pressure is being taken 
by the British Government and 
other European governments to 
try to ensure Nelson Mandela is 
freed without any conditions? 

Foreign affairs 

Force not | 
the answer 
in Central 

• Ownership of media 

Labour MP aims to control 
ownership of the media 


Sir Geoffrey Howe, Secretary of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, reiterated sev- 
eral times during question time 
in the Commons that the British 
Government, with other EEC 
governments, believed that the 
problems of central America 
should be solved by political 
means and could not be solved 
by armed force. 

He added that the United 

States Government was well 
aware of British views, but be 
did not take op an invitation by 

Mr Denis Healey, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on foreign and 
Commonwealth affairs, to say 
that he opposed American aid to 
the Contras fightfwg a terrorist 
rampaipn against the Nlca- 


The events of Wapping recently 
had concentrated the public’s 
mind on Uie onaccoumability 
and gross unaccepiabiiity of Mr 

Rupert Murdoch as one individ- 
ual newspaper proprietor. Mr 
Anthony Lloyd (Stretford, Lab) 
said when introducing his 
Ownership of the Media Bill ' 
under the 1 0- minute rule 

Mr Murdoch's contribution 
was certainly not going to raise 
Standards of journalism in Brit- 
ain. for a man whose major 
contribution had been to bring 
in the concept of 'page three' 
was not somebody with whom 
one would feel greatly embold- 
ened to entrust with the destiny 
rtf' the British press. 

Mr Lloyd said hb Bin would 
seek to prevent non-UK res- 
idents from bedding significant 
shareholdings in companies 

of behaviour by the Eddie 
Shahs. Rupert Murdochs and 
company directors . interested 
only in the economics and not in 
quality and standards. 

Britain now had one of the 
most concentrated media in- 
dustries anywhere in the world. 
Eight companies or individuals 

of allegiance or any degree of 
care for this county, in winch 
he had these signifcant media 

• The same, applied to the 
Liechtenstein-based company 
which ultimately owned thei 
Minor group. The same proo-j 
Ions ofconcemration also ap- ! 

-i -'*41 

* ,hiC 

controlled virtually the whole of piled in the context of television 

Healey: Increase economic 
pressure on S Africa 

influence other Commonwealth 
leaders to make sure it is 
received on the basis of trying to 
promote peaceful dialogue and a 
cessation of violence rather than 
concentrating on the evidence of 
apartheid and that they do not 
upset the very happy at- 
mosphere which existed be- 
tween (he group and the South 
African Government? 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: I am glad to 
hear his recognition of the 
importance of the work of the 
group which has been widely 
recognised. We must wish its 
work well in the hope that the 
process of dialogue, which is 
crucial to the ending of apart- 
heid. will begin. 

We shall sustain the group as 
well as we can towards that 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: I share his 
deep concern at the latest vi- 
olence in South Africa. I under- 
line the urgent need for dialogue 
and for the suspension of vi- 
olence and will continue to urge 
that on all parties. 

We have made plain the 
unconditional release of Nelson 
Mandela would constitute a 
major act of national reconcili- 
ation in South Africa and pro- 
vide the impetus for genuine _ 

dialogue and a peaceful settle- Replying to Mr Tony Banks s j iareho i din2s in commits 
mem. We have stressed the (Newham North West, Lflb), Sir whK± ooeiraied oress. tdeviskra 
importance ofthat to the South Geoffrey Howe had said: We 
African Government support the Cootadora peace 

initiative and, together with our It would limit the amount of 

Mr Hugh Dykes (Harrow West, 

C): If the South African Govern- 
ment has no real intention of 
introducing profound changes, 
will that affect the British 
Government's judgement about 
tbe need to proceed to full 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: I hope he 
would preserve a more open 
mind. The task of achieving the 
changes everyone thinks nec- 
essary is. by any standards, an 
extremely difficult one and the 
work being undertaken by the 
Commonwealth group in that 
context requires it to make 
contact with many people 
including the South African 
Government in a very sensitive 

We must all be concerned not 
to pre-judge what may or may 
not be the consequences of a 
process that has not come to an 
end. but do everything we can to 
sustain that process, under- 
standing the difficulties on all 
sides and not under-estimating 
the urgency of the operation. 

Fight against terrorism 


Suspension of air services was 

He said be included m these tries like Libya and Syria, for 
measures a full exchange of example, and that Britain would 

information and intelligence on 
terrorists, effective monitoring 
of the movement and actions of 

considered only in the context of terrorists and, in cases like that 

ban flights to and from countries 
so long as they continued their 
terrorist activities. 

states which tailed to observe 
the relevant international 
conventions on hijacking. Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, Secretary of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, said during 
Commons questions about 
fighting te r rori sm . 

He told Mrs Renee Short 
(Wolverhampton North East. 
Lab) that he was aware of the 
interest of airline pilots in the 
war against terrorism, including 
particularly airborne lerrorism. 

of Libya, the conclusion of Sir Geoffrey Howe had earlier 

diplomatic relations, pro- 
hibition on exports of defence 
equipment and the imposition 
of severe limitations on Libyan 
immigration to Britain. 

So we are certainly ready (he 
said) to press for taking the most 
appropriate range of measures. 
Mrs Short had referred to 
international airline pilots hold- 
ing their conference in London 
now and asked Sir Geoffrey 
Howe to send a message to the 

Britain had taken measures conference to tell pilots that the 
against terrorism and would Government did support their 
urge them wherever necessary, call for sanctions against coun- 

Chilean soldiers being 
trained in Britain 


The Government provides 
some training for Chilean armed 
forces personnel in tbe United 
Kingdom but does not allocate 
places to Chileans on courses 
covering internal security tech- 
niques. Mr Timothy Eggar, 
Under Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, said during Commons 

Mr David WinmcV (Walsall 
North. Lab) asked if it was not 
deplorable to have such dose 
collaboration with blood- 
stained dictators like the Chil- 
ean junta. 

It was the height of hypocrisy 
to do this while denouncing 
repression in eastern Europe, he 

Mr Eggar: We condemn abuses 
of human rights wherever they 
might occur. 

Mr James Hill (Southampton, 
Test, C): Only those countries 
we are enjoying a friendly 

relationship with should receive 
training here. Some of the 
awn tries that have asked for 
military training are anti-Euro- 
pean or anti-Umted Kingdom. 

Mr Eggac We take into consid- 
eration a number of factors 
when requested military train- 
ing by third countries but keep 
confidential the details of those 
countries who seek opportu- 
nities for training here. 

Mr George Fonlkes, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on foreign and 
Commonwealth affaire: Ex- 
ternal pressure is important in 
dealing with dictators. 

By supporting Pinochet by 
training his troops tbe Govern- 
ment is undermining tbe demo- 
cratic forces of the right as well 
as the left in Chile. 

In view of the strong views 
expressed today, will the Gov- 
ernment not re-think this policy 

Mr Eggar: We have made dear 
our concern about the human i 
rights position in Chile. There 
can be no doubt about our view. 

told Mrs Short that experience 
of economic sanctions had not 
persuaded the Government that 
they were likely to be . an 
effective response to states -al- 
leged to be harbouring or 
sponsoring international 

Mr . Winston . Churchill 
(Davyhulme. C) said it would 
make a contribution to air safety 
if those Libyans employed at 
Heathrow and Gatwick airports, 
those who held air-side security 
passes, were given their march- 
ing orders. 

Problems at 
women’s jail 

There was no truth in press 
reports about difficulties at Styal 
women's prison. Lord 
Glenarthor, Under Secretary of 
Slate. Home Office, said in the 
House of Lords. There had been 
gross misrepresentation. State- 
ments that the removal of the 
governor was campaigned for by 
prison officers were inaccurate. 

He indicated that the 
women's prison system was 
being looked at by ministers. 
Lord Graham of Edmonton 
(Lab) contended that much of 
the distress at Styal. as with 
other prisons, stemmed from 
inadequate manning levels. 

Lady Ewart-Biggs (Lab) asked 
about the level of bullying at 

support the Cootadora peace 
initiative and, together with our 
European partners, publicly wel- 
comed the Impetos given to 
Cootadora in January by the 
Carabellecta Declaration. We do 
not believe that the problems of 
Central America can be solved 
by armed force. The United 
States Government is well aware 
of ow views. A further opportu- 
nity to discuss tbe matter with 
Emopean Community foreign 
ministers will arise on April 21. 
Mr Banian Has he commu- 
nicated directly to the American 
Government that funding the 
Contras amounts to inter- 
national terrorism and mast be 
condemned by all drilmed 

Sir Geoffrey Howe We advocate 
a political solution through the 
Cootadora process rather titan a 
military solution. 

Nicaragua shook! be prepared 
to negotiate seriously and to 
avoid such action as tbe recent 
incursion against Honduras. We 
do not believe the problems can 
be solved by armed force. 

We regularly discuss im- 
portant questions, including 
Central America, with the 
United States Government and 
it is well aware of onr views. 

Mr Robert Jackson (Wantage, 
Cj: There is a danger that the 
American administration may 
fall between two stools in Nica- 
ragua. neither overturning the 
government, nor reconciling 
Nicaragua to western inter e sts . 
Sir Geoffrey Howe: That, at 
heart, is a matter for the United 
States and is one question which 
bas ted to different views by the 
two Houses of Congress. 

Mr Ernest Ross (Dundee, West, 
Lab): Should the Foreign Sec- 
retary not be boDding on tbe 
dear difference there is between 
the two Houses of Congress and 
tbe President and giving support 
to the forces, there which realize 
that President Reagan's initia- 
tive — which appears to be his 
own — will not assist the forces 
which believe that the best way 
forwurd is through the 
Cootadora process and the 
elected Government of 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: Tbe United 
Stales Government is well aware 
of oor views and onr policies. We 
support a comprehensive and 
viable agree m e n t based on the 
objectives of the process. . 

Mr Cyril Townsend 
(Bexleyfaeath, Ck This is an 
issue w h ere frank speaking by 
friend* of tbe United States 
serves the interests of this 
country and of the United 
States. It is beco mi ng obrioas 
that exaggerated claims that 
Nicaragua presents a threat to 

or radio organizations. 

It would limit the amount of 
shareholdings by individuals to 
prevent the unacceptable kind 

robust and 
peers told 


the daily and Sunday press. 

Mirror Group Newspapers 
which controlled the second 
largest dice of the British press 

had significant shareholding in 

Central Television. And United 
Newspapers, now owners of the 
Express, had significant 

shareholdings in Tyne-Tees, 

Yorkshire. Harlech and TV-am. 

What would seem improbable 
to someone coining to Britain 
for the first time was that Britain 
exercised no control over where 
this ownership came from. 

Fifty-four per cent of the 
circulation of British national - 
newspapers was now m the 
bands of foreign-based 

Mr Murdoch himself had to 
renounce his Australian citizen- 
ship to embrace his new love of 
the United States btit at no time 
had there been any -attempt by 
Mr Murdoch to offer any degree 

Minor group, tne same proo- n n fh- rt t r CmUkl 
Ions ofconcemratiom also ap- GSOltt 6V SlUltu I 
plied in the context of television - ' — - j 

and radio broadcasting. Mr NeBKidn«kcW™*l lt 

Mr Murdoch’s whole tnonva- ^ CT 

lion in becoming an American 

citizen was not dictated by any earirer tins week ne and 

great love of Ronald Reagan, Mr Dents Healey were agreed 
but h was dictated purely be- on Labour’s defence policy, 

cause American laws dictated he mphtrlmg Uie dtCMBBiiwioo 

could not have been owner of of Polaris. In doing so he 
significant holdings of any tele- gnjeh emphasis on hew 

yj«on compoms : a a non- ^ en>inmme m for arms re- 
united Slates cmzen. gotiations had changed follow- 

Iromcaiiy. hecauro betadto Mr Gorbachov's 

take out Amen can citizenship 

and renounce his Australian 
citizenship he was now being 
forced by Australian laws to give ! 
up some of his holdings in I 
Australian companies. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Airports Bill 
third reading; Armed Forces 
BilL remaining sta g es. 

Lords (3.0): Gas Bill, second 

Ridley assurance 
on pension rights 

Privatization would benefit the I 
national economy not just in the 
short term but in the long term. 
Lord Brabazon of Tara, a Gov- ! 
ernment spokesman, said dur- 
ing a debate in the House of 

In a debate in which Lord 
Bruce of Donington (Lab) had 
called attention to the case for 
constructive cooperation be- 
tween Government and manu- 
facturing industry. Lord 
Brabazon of Tara said the 
economy was robust and resil- 
ient; the biggest obstacle now 
was excessive pay increases. 

The privatization programme 
was succeeding and this was 
beoefining the national econ- 
omy in both short and long 
term. It was tbe long term that 
the Government thought vital 
to the future prosperity of the 
United Kingdom. 

Viscount Chandos (SDP) said 
there was widespread concern 
that the balance of the pen- 
dulum b e tw e en tbe interests of 
the employer and the employee 
had now swung too for. 

Whatever the historical fail- 
ures of the Fleet Street unions 
(he said) the approach taken by 
News International in the long 
run is storing up problems for 
industry as a whole just as 
severe as those created by the 
supine approach of Fleet Street 
managements in previous times. 
Laid Aldington (Q said min- 
isiers were loo rosy-eyed and 
over op timistic in su gg esting the 
economy had adjusted to the 
results of tbe foil in the price of 

There were no statistics to 
support that argumenL 

wanted employers to have the 
A IDDORTC Rill right to bargain wages down but 

MIMrUH 1 9 DILL <jid not want unions and 

■ i ■ » employees to have the tight to . 

When the report stage began in bargain them up. j 

the Commons of the Airports The Government new danse > 
Bill, which privatizes the British was agreed to. The Opposition 
Airports Authority, Mr Niche- new clause on pension rights 
las Ridley, Secretary of State for was rejected by 301 votes to 168 
Transport, successfully moved a — Government majority, 1 33. 

new clause enabling him to fflVfr Peter Snape. an Oppo- 
make regulations providing for silion spokesman on transport, 
the- payment of compensation to then moved a new danse 
employees suffering .loss or restricting share ownership in 
diminution of pension rights. airports so that no foreign 

He said he hoped not to have companies or airline operators 
to use these powers, but if it was could buy shares and no in- 

necessary he would not hesitate 
to do so- 

dividual ' shareholder, 
organisation or company could 

Mr Robert Hughes. chief Oppo- own more than 2 per cent of the 
silion spokesman on transport,, total shares, 
said the new clause, although it Without such a new danse, 
recognized that a problem might foreign operators would try to 
arise for existing employees take a straiqpc stake in the 
should a privatized or public privatized BAA and they could 
limited company move towards use it to stifle development in 

a pension or superannuation 
scheme which was less bene- 
ficial than the one they currently 
enjoyed, was merely enabling 
and was hedged about with all 
sorts of conditions. 

It is (he went on) no more 
than a grace and favour clause. 

In tbe first of two new clauses, 
the Opposition were trying to 
ensure that the trade unions 
involved in the BAA Central 
Negotiating Committee had to 
be consulted about any sug- 
gested pension scheme changes 
and that no change could be: 
made.without their agreement. 

Mr Ridley said BAA, like any 

London modernized. 

Mr Michael Anaum, for the It would only be in what Mr 
Government, said the restrio- Gorbachov envisages , as the 
tions proposed were un- second stage towards the cam- 
necessary because the Bill itself nfae 'e liminatio n of nndear 
provided safeguards against un- weapons, winch would begin 

disarmament proposals. . 

These comments deserve to 
be examined with some care 
because in putting it Kke this 
Mr Kinnock was either trying 
to bamboozle bis listeners or 
failing to understand the re- 
niflcaace of what ' Mr 
Gorbachov ha&been saying. 

“A Labour MreroaKQt com- 
mitted fo tbe decommissioning 
of Polaris has been offered the 
undertaking of a bilateral 
response from the Soviet 
Union”, Mr Kinnock pro- 
claimed. “We consider there is 
vafiffity in that offer”. 

There may or may not be 
validity in the latest Soviet 
proposals, bat they neither 
strengthen nor weaken: the 
case for ded M i mdss ioniag Po- 
laris. The relevant item m tbe 
Gorbachov package is the 
declared readiness to negotiate 
the elimination of 
Enromissjies, East and West, 
without insisting at the same 
time upon Britain and France 
abandoning their independent 

. Obsolete 

AO that the Soviet fender 
was demanding before con- 
duding such an agreement as 
an interim measure was that 
these national forces should 
neither be Strengthened nor 
m odern ize d. 

' It would only be in what Mr 
Gorbachov envisages- as the 
second stase towards the corn- 

desirable action taken by an 

airport company. 

However^ was prepared to 
examine an appropriate restric- powers aparffroin t 
tion on shareholdings in the States aMd the Sov 
BAA's successor company. Any wonld be required ft 
such restriction would be writ- process "of actual 
ten into the articles of associ- disarmament 
ation of the BAA’s successor He i^ cooteeat (hi 
cmnpany. . - ^ shooM j 

The Opposroon neweteusewas independent delWTO 
rejected by 301 votes to _J68 - nmwi AJ» 

private sector company, must Government majority. 133. 
retain*^ freedom to manage its • There might be a limit ai some 

own affairs. He was sure it 
would continue to do this in full 
consultation with its work force. 
He could not give an tinder- 

fiiiure date on Heathrow and 
Gatwick flights, but that rime 
was for away and would be 
further away if the military did j 

taking that wages and con- -not have such an involvement 
ditions and pensions of workers in an antiquated national air 

in CAA, BAA and local author- 
ity airports would necessarily be 
tbe same or be underwritten by 

It should be left to the market 
to determine wages. 

Mr Hughes said Mr Ridley 

traffic system, Mr Anthony 
Steen (South Hams. Q said. He 
was moving a new clause to 
make statutory provision for 
scheduling committees which 
already operated informally at 
some airport*. 

Nicaragua presents a threat to 

that country are unhelpful to » introduce private 

their European partners/ commercial mana ge m en t in the 

naval dockyards at Devonport 
Rosy* was read tbe third 
time in the Commons on Tues- 

doubt that ob- Government majority. 42. It 

Dockyards Bill through Commons 

served by others in tbe 
Cootadora process to have some 
responsibility for fa3are to agree 
in that process. 

Mr Denis Healey: Can we t ake 
it that bis encouraging replies 
imply that he would sapport all 

now goes to the House of Lords. 

During the report stage, Mr 
Denzfl Davies, chief Opposition 
spokesman on defenoe and 
disarmament, moved a new 
clause which he said was an 
attempt to ensure the dockyards 
did not foil into foreign bands. 
There was nothing in the Bill to 
prevent foreign ownership and 
control of an important national 
strategic asset 

Mr John Lee, Under Secretary 
of State for Defence Procure- 
ment. said that it would be 
written into the contract that if a 

Styal. Was there evidence of members of the Conlradora 
kangaroo courts held at night group ra opposing military aid 
with mock trials of other pns- b > the United States to the 
oners and punishment meted terrorists? 

° UI ' . Sir Geoffrey Howe: The 

i„wi Ti- r — - Coatradora process requires all 

states to end support for subver- 
sion of other stares. That applies 
to Nicaragua and the United 

with mock trials of other pris- 
oners and punishment meted 

Lord Glenarthor: Unfortu- 
nately. bullying occurs in a 
number of different establish- 
ments. not just penal 

contracting company came un- fears expressed about the future 
der foreign ownership, it could of pension rights were un- 
lose its contract. The Secretary founded. They would- remain j 
of State would also retain the exactly the same after the trans- 
power to termin ate a contract if fer as before. 

SC riP ty justified that. This would not necessarily, 

apr *y 10 "* employees re- 
~~ G enuted after the transfer date. It 

ment majomy, 44. would be absurd, he raid, for 

•Pensions were often the only le S isiation continue to apply 
savings made by working people permanently to new employees 
and they were held in trust by 011603 deriving from prede- 

ihe same as applied in the Civil 
Service at the time of the 
transfer and to establish a 
redundancy fond. 

Mr Norman Lament. Min- 
ister of State for Defence 
Procurement, said anxieties and 

‘Telegraph’ condemned for Bravery of 
reporting rapists’ colour JavedUves 

A newspaper description of thirriman alcnhliirt whnumc i. V Vu II T v3 

A newspaper description of third man, also black, who was 
a rape gang as ** black" was not in court. 

criticized today by the Press 
Council, which said that an 
irrelevant and prejudicial de> 

ird man, also black, who was dicial. It tends to exacerbate 
>t in court. hostility against minority 

The complaint was rep re- groups who are at risk or serious 
nted to the newspaper and prejudice within the 

seined to the newspaper and 
the former editor. Mr William 

scrijjtjon tends lo exacerbate Deedes, responded that there 
hostility against minority would always be differences 
groups. on what was or was not 

against minority 

The council upheld a com- relevant in any particular case, 
plaint against the Daily Tele- When there were differences. 
graph by Mr Brian Haran, of the newspaper and the Press 
Larymer Road, Edmonton, Council had to agree to differ. 

north London. 

Mr Haran complained that 
il was improper of the newspa- 
per to report the colour of a 

The Press Council's adjudi- 
cation was: 

The Press Council has ruled 
that newspaper references to 

rape gro g when this had no *“* colour are objectionable 
relevance to the report where they are bothirrelevant to 

, , . the story or article and in a 

The Daily Telegraph earned prejudicial context. 

s court report saying that a 
man, who was forced to watch 
his wife being raped and then 
made to have sexual inter- 
course with her, saw oneof the 
black rapists jailed for a tola] 
of 12 years. 

Mr Justice Hodgson told 
both men they had made the 
couple in the house endure 
"an appalling ordeal” after the 
from door of their home in 
Hackney was smashed open 
by three masked men just after 

Sometimes socb a reference is 
merely irrdevam without carry- 
ing any substantial risk of 
prejudice: in those cases, while 
reference may carry a risk of 
prejudice, it may appear in the 
context of say, a discussion of 
racial issues in society, and the 
public interest in the fair debate 
of them may justify the ref- 
erence. Again il may be proper 
to refer to colour or race in a 
crime story to describe people 
for whom the police are looking.^asM men just after 

mianigm. lq convicted or accused 

The wife. Ihe report said. p r violent crime as -black’, n h 
was taken into her bedroom, the t few of the Council that this 
stripped and raped by the is both irrelevant and preju- 


This obviously does not apply 
to all minority groups: at present 
it does so in the case of blacks. 
The Press Council is aware that 
there are differences of view on 
this matter, but it believes that 
its view serves the interest of 
better community race rela- 
tions. and should be respected. 

The complaint is upheld. 

• The Press Council reject- 
ed a complaint that it was 
improper of the Daily Mirror 
to say an actor’s mistress was 

The reference appeared in 
the newspaper's background 
story about the death of Gary 
Holton, a star of the television 
series Auf IViedersehen Pet. 
The Press Council said that 
references to people's race or 
colour should not be pub- 
lished in a pejorative or 
prejudicial context unless they 
are relevant to the story being 
told. It ruled: 

Though the story was sordid, 
the context of this reference to 
her nationality was not pejora- 
tive or prejudicial. 

The complaint that it was 
improper of the Mirror to 
mention her racial origin is 

A train driver’s bravery 
saved many lives when an 
express headed towards him 
on ihe wrong line, an inquiry i 
was told yesterday. I 

The chairman of the De- 
partment of Transport inqui- 
ry. Licuienant-Coione! 
Anthony Townsend-Rose, 
said Mr Eric Plant, aged 57, 
tried to throw his locomotive 
into reverse as the Sheffield to j 
Manchester express beaded 
towards him. 

The bcad-on collision at 
Chinley. Derbyshire, on 
March 9 killed the express . 
train driver and injured more j 
than 30 people. j 

the employers Mr Martin ^ «npk>ye« wished 

0*NeflL an Opposition spokes- tunc •? 0016 to negotiate 
man on defence and disarms- changes in terms and 
ment said, moving a new clause 01 nd,t, ons. 
to keep pension arrangements The Opposition new efapse 
the same as applied in the Civil was rejected by 214 votes to 175 
Service at the tune of the — Government majority 39. 
transfer and to establish . a Government amendments 
redundancy rand. were agreed to. making dear 

Mr Norman Lament. Min- that only one company would be 
isier of State for Defence set up for each dockyard by tbe 
Procurement, said anxieties and Secretary of State for Defence. 

in narrow 
chess lead 

By Harry Gotombek 
Chess Correspondent 

With two rounds to go in 
the Oakham Young Masters 
tournament, the Hungarian 
Csaba Horvath is narrowly in 
the lead. 5% points ahead of 
Neil McDonald, the En glish , 
player, and Robert Kuczynski. ; 
tbe Polish player, who each 
have 5 points. 

Next come the English play- 
ers James Howell, Tan Thom- 
as. and Angus Dunnington, 
Marie Condie, of Scotland, 
Mihail Marin, of Romania, 

— - - — iiui iuuut 

as, and Angus Dunnington, 
Marie Condie, of Scotland, 
Mihail Marin, of Romania 
Kelly Hunter playing a vampisb Sally Bowles in a new pro- Viswanathan Anand and Ed- 
d notion of Cabaret at the Hippodrome in Bir mingham. uardo Rojas, of Chile. 

Telephone tapping now illegal 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 
Unauthorized interception munications Act provides an a wan: 
of telephone calls and mail independent tribunal to han- issued 

becomes a criminal offence 
today with a maximum penal- 
ty of two years' imprisonment 
plus an unlimited fine. 

Under new legislation, in- 
terception can be authorized 
only by- the Secretary of State 
personally for clearly specified 

The Interception of Com- 

dle applications by people 
who believe they giay have 
been tbe subject of 

The tribunal will have the 
power to discover facts and 
award remedies where inter- 
ception may have been im- 
properly authorized. The 

a warrant has been improperly 

The tribunal can also order 

The Etkbsh International 
Woman Master, Susan Walk- 
er, who is the only woman in 
the tournament, bas 316 points 
and needs only one point from 
her last two games to make her 
the first International Woman 
Grandmaster norm. 

the intercepted material be Apppcc 
destroyed and require the VUl 

Secretary of Stale to make Wiltshire Countv C 

individual will be informed if to 


The Act will be kept under 
continuous review by an inde- 
pendent commissioner. Lord 
Justice Lloyd, who will report 

Prime Minister. 

Wiltshire County Council's 
highways panel yesterday or- 
dered the closure of the A344 
past Stonehenge from May 19 
to June 29 because of clashes 
last year between hippies and 

:•* ' . X 

r-r \ : M 

by 1998 and last for five to 
seven years, that other nadear 
powers apart from the United 
Slates and the Soviet Union 
mnU be requfred to join tbe 
process tf actual nadear 

He fe coofeent that Britain 
and France should keep their 
independent deterrents for the 
time being provided that they 
are obsolescent Rather than 
giving something in return for 
die decommissioning of Polar- 
is, he is for all practical 
pm-poses tearing Polaris on* of 

What is done about Polaris 
itself is essentially a subsid- 
iary issue. It ought not to 
become die touchstone of Brit- 
ish defence policy. The critical 
question is whrther this coun- 
try maintains an independent 
nndiesr deterrent and that wfll 
depend beyond the next fie w 
years on what is done about a 
replacement for Polaris. . A 
government that rejected a 
replacement but kept Polaris 
until die end of its effective life 
would only be postponing a 
substantial weakening of 
Britain's defences. 

blow to Nato 

The derision on Polaris 
matters less then than the 
derision oo Trident, ft also 
matters tess than the derisions 
on cruise and on keeping 
A merica n nuclear bases m this 

If Labour were to remove 
anise missiles from this coun- 
try, which was confirmed as 
the party's official policy by 
Mr Kinnock - this week, ft 
would be a devastating Wow to 
Nato unless it were done as 
part of an arms control agree - . 
ment with tbe Soviet Union. A 
unilateral step would reopen a 
controversy that the aluance 
believes settled. 

If the United States -were 
forced to withdraw its nadear 
bases from this country that 
would inevitably -sour Anglo- 
American relations at a diffi- 
cult -tone. It would, be 
impossible- to pnrsoe such a 
policy without repercussions 
rathe United . States and 
without ■ uadenuinhm confi- 
dence wi thin Nato. To insist 
that Labour would maintain 
British membership of Nato 
on which the party leadership 
® unquestionably sincere, is 
not enough If it is threatening 
at tbe same time to cause grave 
difficulties for the alliance. 

The future of Polaris should 
not be allowed to obscare these 
questions - the principle of aa 
independent British deterrent, 
tbe terms on which cruise 
might be removed from this 
country and the attitude to* 

wards Amwi^n rar b ar W * 
here - as the (roe tests of 
Labour defence policy. 

Rather than creating new 
rirantotances which strength- 
ep the case for abandoning 
Polaris, as Mr Kinnock would 
seem to believe, Mr 
Gorbachov's disarmament 
proposals should have helped 
to put Polaris hi proper 

*1 »A 1 1 1 W*, 


it*. . ■ ■ 

u 3.*\ 

inowatz faces a difficult 
problem over war records 

SkK • fc. •• 

From Frank Johnson 

Just when Dr Kurt Wald- 
heim was hoping that the 
-United Nations file about bis 
wartime record would prove 
bis innocence of wrong-doing, 
the Austrian CTiancellor, Hot 
F red Sinowate, has said here 
that its contents' were 
“irrelevant” to .Dr 
Waldheim's “credibfltty'\ 

The file has arrived here by 1 
courier from the Austrian 
mission to the UN in New 
York. It is part of a vast 
collection of German 
Austrian army dociunentSv 
handed over to the UN by the 
allies after the war, concerning 
the activities of thousands of 
Axis soldiers, who were either 
guilty or innocent of war. 
-crimes. Many simply deal 
'with routine military 

At the office yesterday of 
the conservative People’s Par- 
ty, the main support of Dr 
Waldheim’s candidacy in the 
presidential election on May 
4, officials said confidently 
that the file would prove Dr 
Waldheim's claim to have had 
nothing to do with crimes. 

Herr Sinowatz, who made 
his remark after a Cabinet 
meeting, is a . Socialist and 
would in the normal course of 
events have come out against 
Dr Waldheim as the candidate 
supported by the mein conser- 
* vative opposition. 

But the eruption into the 
campaign of the wholly unex- 
pected issue of Dr Waldheim's 
wartime past has created a 
tactical problem for Herr 
Sinowatz’s Soc ialists. 

terror plot 

From Michael Hornsby 


South Africa announced 
yesterday the arrest of two 
‘ black nationalist guerrillas 
who. it claimed, had been 
trained in Libya and sent here 
to eliminate prominent black 

According to Mr Louis Nd, . 
the Deputy Minister ofinfor- 
malion, the two men were 
members of the Pan-African- 
ist Congress (PAO and-were 
among a group of 150 who 
received political and weap- 
ons training in Tripoli in 

The PAC is an offshoot of. 
the larger, better known Afri- 
can National Congress (ANQ, 
from which it broke away in 
1959. It has shown little signs 
of life for some years. 

Mr Nel said the two men 
flew from Libya to Tanzania 
t and then on to Botswana, 
from where they crossed into 
South Africa. They were ar- 
rested over the Easter week- 
end A third man was arrested 
at the same time. 

The announcement coincid- 
ed with press reports yesterday 
from Harare that a group of 
people with false South Afri- - 
can passports attempted to 
board a Zimbabwe-bound 
plane at Athens airport last 
Saturday. It is alleged that 
they came from Libya. 

Meanwhile, the security po- 
lice yesterday detained Mr 
Henry Fazz ie for “routine 
investigation*'. He is one of 
the organizers of the black 
consumer boycott of white- 
owned shops in the Port 
Elizabeth area which was re-. . 
imposed last Monday after a 
break of several months. 

• Lunchtime blast: A bomb 
exploded at lunchtime in a 
public lavatory in the 
Braamfomein district of Jo- 
hannesburg yesterday, killing 
one black man and injuring 
four others. The explosion 
occurred hot for from a bus 
slop, railway station and shop- 
ping centre. 

firm against 
Star Wars 

From Tony Duboudin 

On the eve of talks with Mr 
Caspar Weinberger, the US 
Defence Secretary. Australia 
has again ruled out any in- 
volvement in the Star Wars 
project. . _ 

Mr Kim Beazley, i he_ p e- 
fence Minister, has reaffirmed 
that the Government would 
oppose any involvement- in 
the Strategic Defence Initia- 
tive. This means that Mr 
Weinberger's talks today are 
almost certain to be fruitless. 

A US Embassy official in 
Canberra said Mr Weinberger 
would not press, for any 
change in Australia's position. 

The possibility of the Unit- 
ed States offering contracts to 
Australian private companies 
or research projects to tnuvcift- 
sides is now re mole althou gh 
the Australian Government 
could not prevent this. 

The Anzus pact will be 
covered in talks between Mr 
Weinberger and Australian 
ministers and officials. . ' 
The US is underssood to be 
happy with the present bilate£. 
al arrangements with 

US seeks files access 

_ Washington — The US Jus- 
tice Department has decided 
to request access to confiden- 
tial United Nations files on Dr 
Waldheim's activities daring 
the Second World War 
(Mofasin AH writes). 

. A State Department spokes- 
man said that the D ep artment 
would he making the request 
shortly to the United Nations 
in New York. 

The US would thus become 
the fourth country, after Isra- 
el. Austria and Greece, to seek 
access to Dr Waldheim's con- 
fidential files. 

The spokesman said that, 
under a US law, die Attorney- 
General has tiie right to 
prohibit individuals with a 
Nazi background from enter- 
ing the country. 

They do not beHeve that Dr 
Waldheim has been candid 
about his war service. They 
believe him vulnerable to the 
-charge that, in his recent 
memoirs, he almost complete- 
ly suppressed it. 

Yet they clearly realize that 
many Austrian voters, partic- 
ularly the middle-aged and 
old, are sympathetic to the 
predicament in which Dr 
Waldheim finds -himself Such 
voters were often themselves 
in a similar situation during 
the war, with knowledge that 
crimes were being committed, 
even if they were not them- 
selves perpetrators. 

The Socialists fear being 
associated with foreigners who 
do not “understand" the war- 
time choices that Austrians 

So Hen* Sinowatz has 
stopped short of accusing Dr 
Waldheim of being involved 
in war crimes. At the same 
time, the Sodalists do not 
want to lose the support of the 
more radical voters and of 
many of the young, who are 

critical of Dr Waldheim's 
alleged deceptions. 

So for the Socialists have 
confined themselves to em- 
phasizing the straightforward 
virtues of their candidate. Dr 
Kurt Steyrer, a rather stolid 
medical practitioner. “He is 
dependable and trustworthy," 
one of their posters says. 
“Vote Steyrer, because he 
reconciles, not divides," says 

- la a careful way, the 
People's Party is also trying to 
profit, if at afl possible, from 
the “foreign” campaign 
against Dr Waldheim. It began 
the election with the poster 
“The man the world trusts". 
Most of these have by now 
been taken down. The party 
has a new poster “We Austri- 
ans will elect whom. we want" . 

Dr Waldheim has also be- 
gun to appeal for sympathy. 
Addressing a meeting in cen- 
tral Vienna, he pleaded: “I 
need your help. I ask you in 
this hour to help me." 

Dr Waldheim abandoned 
the campaign trail yesterday 

to prepare for a television 
debate tonight with Dr 
Steyrer. This is expected to 
have the biggest audience of 
any domestic Austrian politi- 
cal event for many years. 

This poses as much of a 
tactical problem for Dr Steyrer 
as for Dr Waldheim. So for. Dr 
Steyrer has confined himself 
to such pronouncements as: “I 
have an iron principle never 
to speak about my opponent" 

Meanwhile, the retiring 
President. Herr Rudolf 
Kirschlager, is studying the 
UN file. Hellas volunteered to 
assume a “judge’s role” and 
give a ruling on the docu- 
ments. Although they do not 
expect President Kirschlager 
to announce that the file 
implicates Dr Waldheim, stu- 
dents of Austrian politics 
point out that the President 
didikes the former UN Secre- 
tary General 

The dislike was caused, or 
intensified, by Herr 
Kirsch lager's experience as 
Austrian representative in 
Prague in 1968. when Dr 
Waldheim was Foreign Minis- 
ter. Dr Waldheim is said to 
have instructed him to stop 
giving exit visas to Czechs 
fleeing from the Russian sup- 
pression of the .“Prague 

So the Austrian presidential 
election, the first since the war 
to attract the attention of the 
rest of the world, is still 
despite its larger implications, 
much bound up with the 
rivalries of a small country's 
internal politics. 

Blind eye, page 12 

the borders of Austria | France I Marcos 

tests all and wife 
Italian used 
wines aliases 


Reagan gets backing to hit 
Libya if charges proved 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

President Reagan dearly 
has broad support on Capitol 
Hill far retaliatory military 
strikes against Libya if be can 
provide conclu si ve proof tint 
Colonel Gadaffi has hacked 
terrorist attacks against US 

Senator Robot Dole, Re- 
publican leader of the Senate, 
said yesterday that the US had 
been pushed around and had 
been too tolerant for too long. 
If Mr Reagan “finds some 
pretty hard evidence and he 
decided to go ahead and do 
something else as for as 
Gadaffi is concerned, it would 
have the widespread support 
of Democrats and Repob- 

Asked if that included mili- 
tary retaliation, he replied: 
“Whatever it takes." He ex- 
pressed disappointment with 
some European allies “who 
continued to excase by inac- 
tion the actions of Gadaffi". 

-The Administration claims 
to have hard evidence linking 
Libya with the attacks on US 
servicemen at La Belle disco- 
theque in West Berlin on 
Saturday. It is working behind 
the scenes to draw tie allies 

Into the process of deriding 
what action to take next 

It is widely believed that the 
White House is weighing the 
options fora military strike. It 
is doubtful whether any firm 
decisions have ben taken. 

CBS News reported that the 
Administration was consider- 
ing whether to attack terrorist 
training camps made Libya in 
retaliation for its alleged sup- 
port of the discotheque bomb- 
ing. It said that 48 hours after 
the attack die Administration 
had reached a consensus for 
mOitaiy retaliation, although 
officials were still dying to 
decide details of what to do 
and when. 

There is dear public sup- 
port for action, judging by the 
enthusiastic nationwide re- 
sponse to the dashes between 
Libya and the US Sixth Fleet 
in tiie disputed waters of tile 
Gnlf of Sirte last month. 

Most commentators are 
convinced that the US would 
bare hit Libya much harder 
had any American planes been 
brought down in the conflict. 

According to US satellite 
photographs, the missile 
launch site at Sirte which was 

Report urges reform 
of Hong Kong camps 

The conditions in which 
refugees from Vietnam live in 
camps in Hong Kong are 
criticized in a report by Refu- 
gee Action published yester- 
day. It says that the closed 
camps in which more than 
half the refugees in Hong 
Kong live are dehumanizing. 

The report proposes that the 
refugees take over the internal 
management of the camps and 
suggests improvements in the 
educational system for both 
children and adults. It also 
calls on Britain to “respond 
more generously to the settle- 
ment needs of the refugees in 
Hong Kong”. 

It says there are still more 
than 9.000 refugees from Viet- 
nam m the campsand that 
more than half are m closed 
camps run by the Prison 
Service. Although Hong Kong 
claims never to . have turned 
away a Vietnamese refugee, 
the report says that, of those 
who arrived last year, fewer 
than half chose to stay. 

The rest, having.- been 

By Our Diplomatic Staff 

shown a feet sheet of the 
conditions that they would 
find inside the closed camps, 
chose to sail on with fresh 
supplies of food and water. 

It is argued that the refugees 
are being institutionalized by 
the regime in the closed camps 
and make no real decisions 
about their day-to-day lives, 
even down to the food they 

Of the closed camps, the 
report says: “The physical 
conditions ... are certainly 
not appropriate for a long- 
term stay. A few months 
might betolerable, but beyond 
that foe lack of sufficient 
public or personal space, a 
complete lack of privacy for 
couples and families, and the 
unnecessary harshness of the 
physical surroundings (few 
trees, little grass) are in- 

Refugees from Vietnam in 
Hong Kong (free from Refugee 
Action Head Office, The Ce- 
dars. Oakwood. Derby DE2 

struck by American missiles is 
again operational and work 
has been accelerated on a new 
site at Benghazi which, it is 
estimated, frill be ready some- 
time next month. 

The Administration is dear- 
ly pleased at the expulsion of 
two Libyan diplomats by West 
Germany bat is disappointed 
that the Bonn Cabinet appar- 
ently did not even discuss the 
question of possible sanctions 
against Libya at its regular 
weekly meeting. 1 

Although the expulsions 
were not linked with the 
discotheque bomb, there is 
little doubt that the action was 
in large measure a response to 
American pressure. 

Administration officials 
confirmed yesterday that West 
Germany and other European I 
allies are again being asked to 
expel all or most Libyan 

According to The New York 
Timet, the evidence included 
an intercepted message of 
praise from Colonel Gadaffi to 
Libya's East Berlin mission 
after the attack, in which one 
US soldier was killed. 

German ship 
saves refugees 
from pirates 

Singapore (Reuter) — The 
captain of a West German 
rescue ship yesterday claimed 
he saved almost 50 Vietnam- 
ese refugees as their flimsy 
boat was about to be attacked 
by Thai pirates. 

Herr Max Behrens, captain 
of the Cap Anamur n, a 
converted container ship run 
by a Cologne-based humani- 
tarian group, said his crew 
saved 328 people from five 
leaking boats m the South 
China Sea. 

“One boat with 47 people 
on board was surrounded by 
seven Thai pirate 1 ships when 
we saw smoke from a fire they 
had made on board. A passing 
ship had earlier ignored them 
and it (the boat) was just about 
to be attacked when we came 
along," Herr Behrens said. 

The refugees included 70 
children and 86 women. 

Some of the rescued men 
said they fled because they 
were about to be drafted into 
the Armv and faced the pros- 
pect of fighting in Cambodia. 

l'--- § i 

Mr Joseph Lovinger, president of the Greek Central Jewish 
Board, reading a newspaper report of the Waldheim case. 

Secret report on 
Aegean Jews 

From Mario Modiano, Athens 

Wartime German Army 
documents released in Athens 
yesterday indicated that the 
intelligence unit in which Dr 
Kurt Waldheim served as 
section chief in July 1944 had 
issued the instructions for the 
deportation of Jews from the 
Aegean Islands. 

There were then about 
1,700 Jews on the island of 
Rhodes. Only 40 survived. 

Copies of the documents 
were made available here by 
Mr Joseph Lovinger, presi- 
dent of the Central Jewish 
Board of Greece, who told a 
news conference he had ob- 
tained them from the World 
Jewish Congress in New York. 

One was a secret draft by the 
intelligence division of the 
Commander of the East Aege- 
an, dated July 15, 1944, 
reporting details of a British 
naval . com mando raid on the 
island of Ikaria in mid-April 
by five uniformed Britons led 
by a first lieutenant. They 
were helped by four local 
Greeks, who were named, 
probably for further punitive 

Paragraph 8 of the same 
document, under the heading 
“Deportation of Jews”, says: 
“End of July deportation of 
Jews of non-Turkish national- 
ity from all areas under the 
command, on instructions 
from High Command of 
Array Group E. IC/AO. Exe- 
cution by S D -Greece who 
have appointed a special unit 
for this purpose." 

(Turkey was a non-belliger- 
ent at the time and Jews of 
Turkish citizenship were ex- 
empted from deportation.) 

The document was ad- 
dressed to the “High Com- 
mand of Army Group E, 
Greece, IC/AO". According 
to an official table of organiza- 
tion, this was the intelligence 
unit in which First Lieutenant 

Waldheim was head of section 
03 (one of four sections), 
which was entrusted among 
other things with intelligence 
briefings to the Chief of Staff 
of Group E, interrogation of 
prisoners and special tasks. 

Army Group E with head- 
quarters in Salonika, was un- 
der the command of General 
Alexander Loehr, who was 
executed in Yugoslavia in 
1947 for wartime atrocities. 

Other documents released 
here included a report dated 
July 16, 1944, bearing Lieu- 
tenant Waldheim's signature, 
about British air raids on 
occupied Greece as well as 
action against Greek resis- 
tance groups. 

Mr Lovinger said Dr Wald- 
heim served in Greece in three 
periods: from March 24 to 
November 14, 1942: again 
from March 31, 1943 to 
March 25, 1944, at a time 
when 96 percent of Salonika’s 
Jewish population of 56,000 
was deported and exterminat- 
ed: and then again from April 
22. 1944 until the liberation of 
Greece in October that year, 
when he followed the 
Wehrmacht's retreat into 

The Central Jewish Board 
represents 6.000 Jewisb-Greek 
survivors. Mr Lovinger said 
his organization would ask the 
Greek Government to seek 
direct access to Dr 
Waldheim's file in the UN 
archives, as had been done by 
Israel and Austria. 

He said the Jewish commu- 
nity in Greece did not have 
independent evidence incrim- 
inating Dr Waldheim, but the 
search was still in progress. 

“I was arrested by two S D 
officers on March 24, 1944 in 
my house." Mr Lovinger said. 
"I never knew their names. 
We did not exactly exchange 
visiting cards." 

From Diana Geddes 

Systematic tests on all im- 
ported Italian wines are now 
being carried out in France 
after the discovery by French 
customs officials at the border 
town of Modane. in Savoy, of a 
shipment of 120,000 litres of 
adulterated Italian wine. j 

The consignment, imported j 
at the end of last month, was 
found to contain between eight 
and 10 times the normal level 
of methyl alcohol. It is now 
awaiting the results of defini- 
tive tests before either being 
destroyed or distilled into 
alcohol for industrial use. 

Signor Filippo Marta 
Pandolfi. the Italian Agricul- 
ture Minister, who is in France 
to inform ministers of the 
Italian Government’s latest 
moves in the adulterated wine 
scandal described the racket 
as “an incredible affair, a 
genetic mutation in 

On his arrival in Paris, he 
said: “We have isolated and 
destroyed the methyl alcohol 
which was used in these 
operations. We have identified 
the gang which obtained and 
resold the methyl alcohol to 
four firms, which then sold the 
adulterated nine." 

He gave the names of the 
four nine production centres 
involved as Chiravegna. 
Tra coni, Barucdni and Fusco 

All Italian nines and wine- 
based aperitifs destined for 
export are now required to 
obtain a certificate guarantee- 
ing them to be free of methyl 
alcohol which is used to 
increase the alcohol content. 

Some 20 people have so far 
died in Italy from drinking the 
adulterated nine. 

<9 BONN: West Germany 
said yesterday that it was 
extending its strict import 
controls on Italian nines to 
vermouth, after Denmark re- 
ported finding consignments 
laced with methyl alcohol 
(Renter reports). 

• BUDAPEST: Hungary will 
inspect all Italian nines to 
determine whether they con- 
tain methyl alcohol (Reuter 

Lisbon talks 
to striking 
lorry drivers 

Lisbon — The Portuguese 
Government has finally decid- 
ed lo talk to the unions which 
have brought road and rail 
transport almost to a hall 
during the past nine days 
(Martha de la Cal writes). 

The lorry drivers, who earn 
£140 a month basic pay. are 
demanding an 18 per cent 
wage rise, plus £23 a day for 
food while on the road, a 
mileage allowance and supple- 
mentary heating in their cabs. 

More than 1.000 long-dis- 
tance lorries, many of them 
earning perishable goods, 
have been held up at the 
crossing between Spain and 
Portugal at Vila Formosa, 
while another 600 drivers, 
stopped at the frontier near 
Badajoz. drove back to Lisbon 
to await the Labour Ministry's 

Meanwhile, railway work- 
ers. also seeking higher wages, 
were on partial strike. Only 
two-ihirds of the country's 
trains were running, many of 
them hours behind schedule. 

EEC lists US trade targets 

The EEC yesterday took the 
tit-for-tat trade war with the 
United States a step further by 
issuing a list of American 
products against which it will 
retaliate if. as expected, Wash- 
ington takes measures against 
European exports in the near 

The dispute arose when the 
US protested that transitional 
arrangmenis for the accession 
of Spain and Portugal to the 
EEC discriminated against 
American exports — above all 
cereals — to the Iberian na- 
tions. Washington issued a list 
ofEEC products against which 
it proposed to raise tariffs, 
beginning next month. 

Yesterday the EEC Com- 
mission published its own 
retaliatory list The Commis- 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

sion said US exports affected 
would include beef fat. bour- 
bon, com gluten feed, wheat, 
rice, honey, wine. beer, horse 
meat, dried fruit and juice. 

Mr Willy de Clercq, the 
Commissioner for External 
Relations, said the European 
Community had to defend its 
lawful interests, although the 
EEC would be sorry to resort 
to restrictive practices. 

He said American fears of 
the consequences of EEC en- 
largement were considerably 
exaggerated, and he hoped the 
trade dispute could be re- 
solved through normal GATT 
(General Agreement on Tar- 
iffs and Trade) procedures. 

This week Mr George 
Shultz, the US Secretary of 
State, wrote to M Jacques 

Defers. president of the EEC 
Commission, to turn 
down“globar talks on the 
worsening trade war and de- 
clared that the US prefened to 
deal with American-European 
agricultural trade on a bilater- 
al “case by case" basis. 

The products on which 
Washington intends to raise 
import tamers against Eu- 
rope include white wine, fruit, 
beer, spirits, fruit juices, 

Mr de Gercq described the 
original American threat as 
aggressive. . unfriendly and 
contrary to GATT. Bui US 
officials say they hope that 
talks in Paris next week be- 
tween Mr de Clercq and Mr 
Richard Lyng. the US Agricul- 
ture Secretary, will defuse the 
growing crisis in relations. 

Manila (Reuter) — Former 
President Marcos of the Phil- 
ippines and his wife, Jmelda. 
used aliases to open overseas 
bank accounts and acquire 
properties, senior government 
officials said here. 

They said Mrs Marcos used 
the name Jane Ryan while 
Marcos used a Scandinavian 
surname and the first name 

The information was dis- 
closed to the Cabinet by Mr 
Jovho Salonga. Minister for 
the Commission on Good 
Govern mem. who is trying to 
track down the Marcos 

Meanwhile. Herr Walter 
Ungar and Herr Jay Ulial. two 
journalists seized by armed 
men on Mindanao Island 
while on assignment for a 
West German magazine last 
week, have been freed, appar- 
ently after a ransom was paid 
to rebels. 

Reagan doctor 

Washington i Reuter) — Dr 
Benjamin Aaron, the surgeon 
who removed a would-be 
assassin's bullet from Presi- 
dent Reagan in 1981, has been 
suspended from the George 
Washington Hospital here af- 
ter the death of a patient, the 
hospital said. 

An investigation is being 
held into the death of Mrs 
Mary Fisk, aged 66. whose life 
support was switched off three 
days after a heart attack. 

Nazi charges 

Washington (Reuter) - The 
US Justice Department has 
filed lawsuits to strip three 
alleged Nazi concentration 
camp guards of their Ameri- 
can citizenship. The men are 
all accused of involvement in 
beatings and torture at 
Mathausen death camp in 

Writer sorry' 

Peking (Reuter) - Zhou 
Erfu. the Chinese writer ex- 
pelled from the Communist 
Party last month after watch- 
ing pornographic videos in 
Tokyo, said he is sorry and 
wants lo become a party 
j member again, an official 
newspaper reported. 

Babies die 

Sydney (AFP) - Three pre- 
mature sextuplets. born to an 
! unidentified mother who had 
been treated with fertility 
drugs, died and the remaining 
three were fighting for their 
lives. Each weighed less than 

Generals out 

Lima (Reuter) — Peru has 
ordered 10 police generals into 
early retirement as part of a 
campaign to streamline the 
top-heavy police force. More 
than half the II 3 police gener- 
als have been ordered to retire 
since President Alan Garcia 
took power eight months ago. 

In the dark 

Dhaka — Bangladesh was 
plunged into darkness for 
more than 12 hours when 
lightning struck the national 
power grid. Radio and televi- 
sion stations went off the air 
and airline flights and train 
services were suspended. No 
newspapers appeared 


London date 

Paris (Reuter) — The new 
French Foreign Minister. M 
Jcan-Bcmard Raimond. will 
visit London on Monday for 
talks with the Foreign Secre- 
tary. Sir Geoffrey Howe. He is 
meeting all his European 
Community counterparts. 

Hard sell 

Singapore (Reuter) - A 
frustrated door-to-door sales- 
man locked a woman in her 
flat after she refused to buy his 
floor pol ish. The Straits Tinu's 
reported. He clamped a huge 
padlock over her from door 

Tax missing 

Monrovia (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Doe has set up a commis- 
sion to investigate corruption 
in Liberia's Finance Ministry. 
A statement said a significant 
amount of money from tax 
collection was unaccounted 

Kidnappers seize another Frenchman in west Beirut search 

Michel Brian: teacher at a 
Protestant school 

From Robert Fisk 

With routine impunity, '■rest 
Beirut's kidnappers bare 
struck yet again, this time 
abducting a 38-year-old 
French teacher as he walked to 
work yesterday morning from 
his borne in the Hamra Street 
district of the city. . 

M Michel Brian was seen 
being forced into a car by 
several gunmen not for from 
the College Protestant, where 
he has worked for the past six 
years; he thus joins at least 
seven other Frenchmen held 
captive here, three of whom 
are known to be hi the bands of 
the extremist Islamic Jihad 

His abduction was dearly 
intended as a farther attack 

upon tbe French Government 
and upon its policies in the 
Middle East 

Islamic Jihad, which ap- 
pears to be put of tbe opposi- 
tion Iraqi Dawaa party, has 
demanded an end to the sale of 
French weapons to President 
Saddam Hussein's regime in 
Baghdad and the release of 
five men convicted in Paris in 
1980 for the attempted assas- 
sination of Mr Shabpeur 
Bakhtiar, tbe Shah of Iran's 
tost Prime Minister. 

M Brian’s kidnappers had 
by early yesterday evening 
foiled to identify themselves, 
but his disappearance has 
demonstrated once more bow 
vulnerable all Westerners now 
are in the Muslim sector iff the 
Lebanese capital 

By chance, a delegation of 
French Foreign Ministry offi- 
cials was arriving in Tehran at 
almost the very moment that 
M Brian was kidnapped in 
Beirut, in an attempt to repair 
relations with Iran. 

The French diplomats, who 
included M Andr& Ross, tbe 
Secretary-General of the For- 
eign Ministry in Paris, were 
expected to discuss the contin- 
ued detention of French bos-. 
Cages in Lebanon and France's 
lucrative military aid to Iraq, 
support which the Iranians not 
unnaturally view with the 
deepest resentment 

Since France has also be- 
come home to many Iranian 
dissident leaders, the Iranian 
Government — at least on the 
surface — is unlikely to re- 

spond with much enthusiasm 
to the arrival of the French 
mission. But if Paris offers to 
pay back a billion-dollar loan 
which the Shah made to 
France for a endear re-pro- 
cessing project serious discus- 
shos could yet get under way. 

The French diplomats may 
also be asked to express their 
apologies for the deportation 
of two Iraqi dissidents to 
Baghdad last month. 

None of this, however, is 
likely to bring immediate help 
for M Brian or the other 
Western hostages in Lebanon, 
who now also include three 
Britons, six Americans, an 
Italian and a South Korean. 

Only about 70 Britons re- 
main in Beirut and they have 

already been advised to leave 
tbe nest of the city by the 
British Ambassador. Mr John 

Nor is Beirut any safer for 
its Lebanese inhabitants. Yes- 
terday, Id another of those 
casual assassinations that 
have become so much a part of 
daily life, a Lebanese Army 
intelligence officer was mur- 
dered in his car as he sat in a 
traffic jam near the Droze 
religious centre in the Verdun 
district of west Beirut. 

Major Amin Alt Kossem . a 
Shia Muslim, was helpless as 
a number of gunmen opened 
fire at him with automatic 
weapons before driving away 
at speed in their own car. 

Paris ( Reuter) - The French 
astronaut. M Patrick Baudry. 
who made a US space shuttle 
flight last year, is to investi- 
gate the Titanic on the bed ot 
the Atlantic this summer. He 
plans to take the first interior 
photographs of the vessel 
since it sank in 1912. 

Tehran blast 

Nicosia (API - An old man 
was killed and 21 other people 
were wounded in a bomb 
explosion in central Tehran. 
Iran’s official news agency 

Sydney (Reuter) - Organ iz- 
ers of a visit to Australia b> 
the Pope next November 
Lunched an appeal for about . 
£500.000 to help foot the bill. 

— 6 

















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Britain’s N0.1 bitter 
is now available on draught at 
No. 17 Acacia Avenue. 

Take-home bitter is nothing new 
But a take-home draught bitter which stays 
fresh for days from the moment it’s opened, was 
unheard of. Until now 

Some brewers said it couldn’t be done. But, 
mindful of the rewards to be gained, we at Allied- 
Lyons stuck to the task. 

The beer posed no problem. It picked itself 
Tetley is Britain’s most popular bitter. 

But bringing it home to you took eighteen 
months, £250,000 and the services of one of the 
country’s leading packaging technologists. 

The result. Tetley on Tap. 

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reward on 

From Mario Modiano 

Greece is offering the equiv- 
alent of £250.000 for informa- 
tion leading to the arrest of the 
man who shot dead Mr Dimi- 
tris Angdopoulos. a 79-year- 
old industrialist, in central 
Athens on Tuesday. 

A sketch of the killer has 
been circulated. 

The murder has been 
claimed by the extremist “17 
November" organization, 
which says it has carried out 
more than 10 political assassi- 
nations in Athens since J975. 

A stolen motorcycle, used 
by the killer and his accom- 
plice for their escape, was 
found by police yesterday 
parked not far from the scene 
of the murder. 

Mr Papandreou, the Greek 
Prime Minister, who cut short 
an official visit to China after 
the killing, said that his Gov- 
ernment was determined to 
get at the "so-called intel- 
lectuals" who instigated the 
assassination “to strike at 
efforts to stabilize the 

A 1 3-page proclamation 
signed ”17 November", left at 
the scene, purported to ana- 
lyse the Greek economic crisis 
and put the blame on the 100 
rich Greek families, to one of 
which the victim belonged. 


President Chun’s British visit 

Downing St talks 
on Korea trade 

By Simon Scott Plummer 

East-West relations, the 
world economy, and bilateral 
links between South Korea 
and Britain were discussed by 
President Chon Doo Hwan 
and Mrs Thatcher at JO 
Downing Street yesterday. 

In what was described as a 
very friendly meeting lasting 
just under two hours, the two 
leaders talked about the tense 
situation on the Korean penin- 
sula, the new round of Gait 
negotiations, prospects for 
next month's economic sum- 
mil in Tokyo and Anglo- 
Korean trade. 

A Downing Street spokes- 
man said Mrs Thatcher did 
not raise the question of 
tinman rights in South Korea, 
as requested by Amnesty In- 
ternational. at the morning 
meeting. But at a dinner on 
Tuesday she had said: “We 
know that since your election 
as President you have in fact, 
in (he face of such difficulties, 
made great efforts (o move 
towards a full democratic sys- 
tem, and we wish yon well in 
this for the future in your 
determination to continue a 
stable constitution." 

The two leaders said they 
were looking forward to con- 
tinuing their discussions next 
month, when Mrs Thatcher 
visits Seoul before going to the 
Tokyo summit. 

Vesferday afternoon Presi- 
dent Chun, on the third day of 
the first official visit by a 
Korean bead of state to Brit- 
ain. toured the British Aero- 
space works at Hatfield, 
Hertfordshire. There he saw 
BA's 146 jetliner and the 
Hawk trainer In action, the 
Rapier, Seawolf and Sea Skua 
missile systems, a communica- 
tions satellite model and a full- 
scale mock-up of the attack 
version of the Hawk. 

Earlier yesterday. Dr Kim 
Mahn Je, the South Korean 
Deputy Prime Minister, met 
Mr Paul Channon, the British 
Trade and Industry Secretary. 

A DTT spokesman said Mr 
Channon asked Dr Kim to 
lower tariffs on imports of 
Scotch whisky and to provide 
better protection for foreign 
copjright holders. 

Trade between Britain and 
South Korea was worth nearly 
£730 million last year, with a 
£233 million surplus in the 
Koreans' favour. 

In a separate meeting, Mr 
Chon Hak Ze. the South 
Korean Minister far Science 
and Technology, and Mr 
Geoffrey Pa trie. Minister of 
State for Industry and Infor- 
mation Technology, signed a 
memorandum of understand- 
ing on scientific and techno- 
logical co-operation. 

Zia cast Islamabad 

in role 
of Marcos 

Miss Benazir Bhutto, aged 
32, left exile in Britain for her 
homeland yesterday vowing 
to try to repeal Mrs Aquino's 
success in overthrowing Presi- 
dent Marcos in the Phil- 

She said she was optimistic 
about replacing President Zia 
ul-Haq, who ordered the exe- 
cution of her father, the 
former Prime Minister, Mr 
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. 

Nearly 200 Pakistanis, 
many of them fellow-exiles, 
crowded round her as she 
arrived ax Gatwick airport, 
and police had to dear a way 
through the passenger ter- 

She said, of the frequent 
comparisons between herself 
and the Philippines' Mrs 
Aquino, that there were differ- 
ences and similarities. . 

**I admire Mrs Aquino — 
she has tenacity and courage, 
and tremendous political un- 
derstanding. I hope to do the 
same thing in my country," 
she said. 

“The difference is that Mrs 
Aquino had the support of the 
church, whereas the church in 
Pakistan has identified itself 
with the establishment." 

She said of the crowds 
* which had greeted her “1 feel 
I heir excitement and hope is 
something which reflects the 
excitement we will find in 
Pakistan.* 1 

Of the need for early elec- 
tions (before 1990, when Pres- 
ident Zia has said he expects 
to quit), she commented: “If 
the people of the country want 
elections, 1 feel h is better to 
have these elections than for 
people to seek a solution 
outside the system.*' 

gives help 
to Bhutto 

From Michael Handyn 
- Lahore 

In an astonishing reversal of 
previous practice, the Paki- 
stani authorities are co-operat- 
ing with the local leadership of 
the opposition Pakistan Peon 
pie's Parly to enable a trouble- 
free return to the country this 
morning of the party's acting 
president. Miss Benazir 

Since martial law was lifted 
in December, official attitudes 
to political protests have been 
transformed, with the excep- 
tion of a dispute over the 
flying of flags on the Mall, the 
road leading from the canton- 
ment to the town centre. 

The local administration is 
meeting PI? officials to clear 
up points about access to the 
airport tarmac, the policing of 
the route into town for Miss 
Bhutto's procession, and 
about details of the mass rally 
which will be held outside tire 
walls or the old city. 

PPP workers spent Tuesday 
evening hanging striped flags 
(red for socialism, black for 
protest and ween for Islam) on 
ceremonial flagposts along the 
processional route. The au- 
thorities spent the rest of the 
night taking them down again. 

They have not been able to 
stop the flags flying in the dd 

All around, massive 
hoardings are being erected 
bearing Miss Bhutto's por- 
trait, as well as that of her 
father, the hanged Prune Min- 
ister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. 

Today's mass rally will be 
the first of a series over the 
next few days. 

Triumph or tragedy, page 12 

Berlinguer’s heirs 
hit by uncertainty 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

The Italian Communist 
Party's national congress 
opened yesterday in Florence 
with a commemoration of “de- 
parted comrades.* 1 In a maca- 
bre way that am be seen as one 
of the principal elements in the 
debates to come, b ecause the 
most eminent Communist to 
have died recently is Enrico 
Beriingner, the party leader. 

This is the seventeenth con- 
gress of the West's largest 
Communist Party, and the 
first in its history to have been 
caned before the normal peri- 
od of four years between 
congresses had elapsed. In 
Italian superstitious thinking 
17 is an unlucky number, like 
13 elsewhere. 

One reason why this Con- 
gress is being closely watched 
is to see whether the Comnra- 
futnK wBl succeed in giving 
then: party a convincing politi- 
cal pbtlra- 

Their world has changed 
radically and generally for the 
worse since thefr last national 
congress in Milan three years 
ago, when Signor Beriingner 
was in complete control. He 
died of a stroke during the 
European election campaign of 

The main reason why the 
Communists attract _so ranch 
attention is that, despite recent 
setbacks, they still control 30 
per cent of the electorate. 
Their essential problem is that 
they are uncertain and divided 
over how to make use of tins 

massive support. _ 

Their actual membership *s 
a tittle trader 1,600,000, which 
elves some fodkation of the 
umrieWiness of their popular 
vote. In the European ejections 
they achieved, for tire first 
time is their bsUR^tJW 
more votes than the Christian 
Democrats and by a hair's 
breadth were the larges t party , 
in voting terms, in the Country- 

Some of their success was 
ascribed to the emotional ef- 
fect on the electorate of Signor 
Beriingner 's dramatic death. 
They nave since performed 
disappointingly in local elec- 
tions, and tlrey lost a referen- 
dum oa wages policy which 
they were convinced they 
would win. 

The new party secretary. 
Signor Alessandro Natta, has 
made little impact on the 
country, and one of the expect- 
ed decisions to be taken by the 
congress hi the appointment of 
a vice-secretary. Should this 
be, as most people believe. 
Signor Acbiile Oecbetto. the 
party in effect will have chosen 
its future secretary. 

The leadership's mam prob- 
lem, however; is not just to fill 
the vtnd left by Signor 
Berlingoer’s untimely death. 
He died wheat his policies were 
already looking substantially 
weakened, and now very little 
can be said to remain 

He was the inventor of 
EnroCoranranism, and that is 
a concept which has passed 
almost entirety from the scene. 
He brought the party officially 
into a coalition government's 
parliamentary majority, but at 
the moment his party looks 
farther than ever from even 
repeating this halfway bouse 
on the road to entering 


He ako took the party near 
to (he brink of a serious break 
with the Soviet Union, but now 
it is re-establishing a friendli- 
er relationship with the cur- 
rent leadership in Moscow. 

Signor Natta took over an 
inheritance already open to 
question, and he has seen tire 
party’s political influence di- 
minished by the bask hostility 
of the Socialist-led coalition, 
as well as the loss of participa- 
tion in many regional and local 

ft ft ft 41-Ji 


in his first 
with Chirac 


President Mitterrand and M 
Jacques Chirac, the new 
GaullKi Prime Minister, had 
then - first serious public dash 
yesterday when M Mitterrand 
announced he would not sign 
decrees on the privatization of 
companies or institutions na- 
tionalized before the Socialists 
came to power in 1981. 

M Mitterrand's statement, 
tnade public by an ElysSe 
Palace spokesman, was made 
during yesterday's Cabinet 
meeting, at which M Chirac's 
plans to privatize by decree 
more than SO companies and 
institutions — including frani^ 
and insurance companies na- 
tionalized by General de 
Gaulle immediately after the 
Second World War — were 

It is pot yet dear how M 
Chirac intends to bypass the 
promised presidential veto. 
However, he may choose in 
the short term simply to 
concentrate on the companies 
nationalized by the Socialists 
in 1 981 and 1982, including 
eight large industrial groups 
whose privatization President 
Mitterrand has indicated he 
will not obstruct, provided 
nothing is done to diminish 
the “democratization** of 
those companies. 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

M Mitterrand also indicated 
willingness to sign the pro- 
posed decree to repeal Social- 
ist legislation on proportional 
representation and to bring 
back the system of two-ballot 
majority voting 

The only condition he laid 
down yesterday was that the 
advice of the consultative 
commission, which is to be set 
up to redraw constituency 
boundaries, be made public. 

The Cabinet approved two 
enabling Bills to allow the 
Government to bypass Parlia- 
ment and legislate by decree 
on majority voting and on a 
series of economic and social 
measures, including privatiza- 
tion, new anti-monopoly laws 
and incentives for job cre- 
ation. . 

M Alain Juppe, the govern- 
ment spokesman, said that a 
commission would be set up 
to propose anti-monopoly leg- 
islation to - be adopted by 
decree within six months, 
paving the way for abolition of 
afl price controls. 

The Government has al- 
ready promised to lift imme- 
diately the remaining price 
controls in the industrial sec- 
tor and 75 per cent of those in 

But prices in the service 

sector are to remain strictly 
controlled until the new anti- 
monopoly legislation comes 
into force. 

On job creation, the Gov- 
ernment is proposing to exon- 
erate employers from paying 
social security contributions 
on behalf of workers involved 
in retraining schemes or 
young people for whom jobs 
are created. 

The Government also plans 
to legislate by decree to allow 
much greater flexibility of 
working patterns, including a 
relaxation of the restrictions 
on fixed term contracts and 
part-time work. 

Surprisingly, M Juppe said 
nothing about the controver- 
sial proposals to allow em- 
ployers to lay off redundant 
workers without first having 
to seek government approval 

The measures approved by 
the Cabinet lie at the heart of 
the Government's proposed 
overall programme, which 
was spelt out later in the day 
by M Chirac in an impas- 
sioned speech lasting more 
than one hour. 

The speech formed the basis 
for the motion of confidence 
in the Government on which 
deputies were due to vote late 
last night. 

The French Prime Minister, M Jacques Chirac, outlining 
his programme to Parliament in an impassioned speech. 

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Problems of the Lone Star state 

turns Houston’s 
song of pride into 
a sad case of the blues 


.re news from Houston 
“»ese days is generally bad, 
and will grow worse before it 
gets better. 

As Houstonians drive the 
freeways towards the city’s 
fantastic skyscraper heart, 
sj mbol of Texas wealth and 
power, they listen to a popular 
Country and Western dirae 
which says that “this ok! 
redneck sure is feelm’ blue" 
Many Texans reckon it could 
be a theme for their oil slump 

News bulletins provide 
fresh ingredients for dismay - 
lay-offs and closures, ri sing 
unemployment, record mort- 
gage defaults, bank losses and 
failure, welfare services under 
pressure, the middle class in a 
pinch, and food queues. 

Every Monday morning 
Texans make a vital check on 
their economic pulse. They 
telephone a Houston number 
lor the latest rig count, a report 
on the number of oil rigs 
drilling in the United States. 

Today the count is as 
dismal as an England cricket 
score. In Houston’s roaring 
heyday as America’s oil capi- 
tal in the early 1980s, it 
reached more than 4,500. This 
week it is 987, 47 down on last 
week and down from 1,898 in 
the same week last year. ' 

There was a time when the 
jobs sections of Houston 
newspapers were eagerly 
sought after in the rusting 
cities of the north and rental 
vans headed in the. direction 
of Texas to the gold at the end 
of the freeway. Today the vans 
head out and the newspapers 
advertise classes on “finding 
work in the new economy" 
and “surviving your job 

Prom Trevor Fishlock, Houston 
In the heart of town, where 
the skyscrapers. thrust up like 
fists, property dealers" signs 
are everywhere. Buildings are 
half-empty and offices can be 
had for a song from dealers 
desperate to rent. A 10-storey 
car park used to be, full by 
9 am; now only the first three 
floors are filled. ' 

A spate of mortgage foreclo- 
sures. up 74 per cent on last 
year, fills the market with 
■cheap houses. The million- 
aire’s mansion market has 
been hit; too. * 

For those with an opportu- 
nistic bent, it is agood time to 
drive bargains in Houston 
over pro peaty, cars, hotel 
rooms, machinery and oil rigs. 
On the Gulf Coast there is the 
weird spectacle of scores of 
gigantic ms, worth 325 mil- 
lion (£16.o million) and now 
idle, parked in clusters like 
monuments to boom and 
bust. "Offshore business off," 
says a local headline, with the 
“off" in large red capitals. 

Many specialists in oil and 
banking think that the great 
Texas recession will worsen in 
the next year. or two, with 
unemployment in Houston 
climbing above its present 9.6 
per cent, and greater pressure 
on banks already over- 
stretched. Houston’s city bud- 
get is $72 million short. 

Houston, America’s fourth 
city, is prickly about the 
publicity it- is getting, and was 
wounded by the recent Wall 
Street Journal report that it is 
mentally depressed- The city 
delected a gloating note, but 
Texans are reminded that in 
the days of oil boom hubris 
they sported bumper slickers 
saying “Drive at 90, freeze a 

Attack on 
wife of 
police chief 

from Christopher Mosey 

Swedish police we search- 
ing yesterday for two men who 
mwbil the wife of Mr Ham 
Habtter, the Stockholm paUoe 
chief fe«Bng the hast fat the 
assassin offte Smdbh Prime 
MndstevMr Oiof Brine. 

Mrs Ingrid Bofanr was 

die was 
home in the Stock] 

incom e 



of Hnddmge on Tuesday night. 

The two men escaped by car. 
Pofice refused to comment on 
the contents of the thratfs. 

Mrs Rotator was taken to 
hospital for treatment for minor 
arts and tenses but later was 
allowed to go home. 

Ob April 3 a man walked op 
to her os a main street in 
Stockholm and told her she 
should “watch wTShe said he 
resembled a phrto-xeanstnic- 
tion of one of the mm sought for 
passible mvofremest h Mr 
Pdme^s murder. 

Although flowers and a flam- 
ing gas torch have been re- 
moved from the pav e ment in 
central Stockholm where Mr 
Palme was shot dead on Febru- 
ary 28, hundreds of people 
co ntinu e to visit the spot, 
leaving new flowers and trib- 
utes, so many tint the pavement 
has subsided 15 cm, according 
to the Highways Department. 

A permanent monument to 
Mr Itefane wBZ be bnSt at the 
spot. Discassioas on what farm 
it should take axe coat imrim 
between his family, members of 
the Social Democratic Party of 
winch be was leader, and the 

mm the champion m 


and one yggp***** being con- 
sidered is for a dove of peace 
caned hi a paring stone. 

• ROME: Mrs lisbetfa Palme 
will visit Rome nest week to 
receive a geld dare pome prize 
awarded fry Arduno Dfeanno, 
a non guimnm rnt peqce 
jkMwmnwit orga n ization, to 
ter late husband 

Royal Navy 
locked out 
by NZ Bill 

from Richard Long ' 

Lady Young, Minister of, 
State at the Foreign and 
Commonwealth Office, yes- 
terday indicated that proposed 
New Zealand legislation ban- 
nice visits by nuclear-armed 
ships would make it difficult 
for Royal Navy ships to visit, 
although they could still go to 
China, which has the same 

. Before leaving for Australia 
after a thretMiay visit to New 
Zealand, Lady Young said it 
was legislation now before the 
New Zealand Parliament that 
made the difference, as it 
required a breach of the 
“neither confirm nor deny" 
policy on the presence of 
nuclear weapons. 

She said the legislation re- 
quired Mr David Lange, the 
New Zealand Prime Minister, 
to be satisfied that visiting 
ships were not nud ear-armed 
or nuclear-powered. This, she 
said, was a de facto bread) of 
the policy. 

But Lady Young did not 
explain how Royal Navy ships 
could visit China —a destroy- 
er and frigate are due to visit 
Shanghai in July— which also 
has a policy of not accepting 
ships carrying nuclear aims. 
She insisted, however, that 
Britain had not wavered from 
its policy for the China visit 
but had an agreement with 
China. “You are quite right in 
saying we have an agreement 
with China and there will be 
ship visits to China” 

She declined to say whether 
this meant that Peking had not 
asked if the visiting ships were 
nuclear-armed, saying such a 
scenario was “an inter- 

“The feet of the matter is 
that a number of countries 
have policies on these issues 
and we understand those poli- 
cies and they understand 
ours." Britain had not com- 
promised its policy over the 
planned visit by Royal Navy 
ships to China, she em- 

Smith faces censure 
for ‘insulting blacks’ 

From Jan Raath, Harare 

Mr lan Smith, the former 
Prime MimSer of Rhodesia, 
faces the censure oF 
Zimbabwe's Parliament after 
the publication of a report 
which holds him in contempt 
of Parliament for insulting 

blacks. ' „ 

It is the most senons threat 
to his 38-year political career. 
Parliament has the power to 
suspend, expel or even jafl 
him. A select committee ta- 
bled its report this week <» 
remarks made by MrSmi J m 
October last year m a BBC 
television interview The 
committee concluded that his 
words were “derogatory to the 
black people of this country - 
Mr Smilb. however, said 
viaicrdav that the report 
“nddled’ with inaccuracies 
and “would not siand up m a 
court oftew". In the interview 
on Open to Question. 
Smith sard that be regarded 
ite system of one-marKme- 

vote as “the negation of 
democracy”. He believed that 
most black Zimbabwean vot- 
ers were illiterate and incapa- 
ble of understanding -the 
political system 
• Frontline doubts: The six 
southern African frontline 
slates have cast serious doubts 
over future US participation 
in negotiations to bring peace 
to the region (Our Correspon- 
dent writes). 

A meeting of the leaders of 
Angola. Botswana. Mozam- 
bique, Tanzania, Zambia and 
Zimbabwe in Luanda ended 
with a joint communique 
saying (hat the Reagan Ad- 
ministration had “forfeited its 
role as an honest broker" 

.Behind the. angry statement 
-is Washington’s decision Iasi, 
month to supply military aid, 
including Stinger anti-aircraft 
missiles, to Unite. Dr Jonas 
SavimbTs rebel movement in 

At a tough time like this, it 
may seem like brave whirling 
for a number of Houstonians 
to assert an old Texan opti- 
mism and say that the night- 
mare will pass. But one effect 
of the crisis is that the oil and 
other businesses are having to 
become fighting fit or die. 

And this is a Darwinian 
time of adaptation and con- 
solidation. Opportunists are 
still moving into oiL A small 
well, producing a few barrels a 
day and showing a profit, can 
be bad for $8,000. 

Meanwhile, Houston is 
striving to diversify its econo- 
my. which is 80 per cent oil- 
fired. It is building on the 
bases of the medical, shipping 
and space industries, all gov- 
ernment initiatives in a fanati- 
cally free-enterprise state, 
which provides important sta- 
bility and variety. 

Most of all, Houston is a 
vigorous and resourceful 
place.; It has known worse 
times, and boom and bust are 
the strong thread in its history. 
Like the Texan hero in the 
film, Houston has been 
knocked down but is deter- 
mined to get up. 

Eastwood voted mayor by a landslide 

From Ivor Davis 
Los Angeles 

The blue-haired matron who 
stepped oat of the voting booth 
in California’s tiny Oceanside 
town of Carmel summed K all 
up as she was confronted by 
television crews from New 
York. Tokyo, France. Japan 
and Australia. “Our President 
started as an actor — and look 
bow wonderful be is." 

There seems little donbe 
that Mr Clint Eastwood, aged 
55. actor and concerned busi- 
nessman, has ambitions out- 
side the picturesque tourist 
town be has called home for 
the past 14 years. But yester- 
day he finally won the real-life 
role he has aoditioned for 
during the past two months, 
earning the right to call him- 
self Carmel’s Mr Mayor. 

The lean Mr Eastwood 
ousted the incumbent mayor of 
four years, Mrs Charlotte 
Townsend, by a landslide. For 
the job that will pay him $200 
(£133) a month — he usually 
collects closer to $6 milli on per 
film — he romped home with 
2,166 votes (72 per cent) to the 
799 (26.6 per cent) of Mrs 
Townsend. It was no contest 

There were almost as many 
reporters as there were voters 
at the makeshift press head- 
quarters to record the new 
mayor's immortal lines after 
the votes had been counted. 

“I’m taking a two-year hia- 
tus from films," he said. “This 
is one politician who doesn’t 
have ambitions to leave Car- 
mel. This is where I belong.” 

Election day in the sonny 
beach town was like fiesta. 
Hundreds of tourists jgmnwt 

CImt Eastwood making a victory speech after being elected Mayor of Carmel, California. 


into a roped -off street for a 
glimpse of the star and then 
surrounded the polling station 
when the beaming actor ar- 
rived to cast his vote. 

“Eastwood for Mayor" T- 
s hires, buttons, bumper stick- 
ers, picture books and coffee 
mugs and embroidered sweat- 

ers sold briskly. There wasn't 
a room to be bad in town. 

Mr Eastwood spent more 
than $40,000 to win the two- 
vear job compared with the 
53,000 spent by his opponent. 
He commissioned his own 
voter survey of issues — he 
wants to encourage business 

growth in Carmel's 
conservative climate. 

Each day he was out, going 
from door to door, signing 
autographs and exchanging 
chit-chat at neighbourhood 
coffee sessions and breakfast 

He starts work on April 15. 

US makes 

arms deal 

Peking (Rcuicr) — Ameri- 
can arms dealers have sold 
S-550 million (about £360 
million) wonh of military 
equipment to China in the 
biggest deal ever made be- 
tween the Communist regime 
and Western suppliers. 

Western diplomats say. 
however, that Peking's hard 
cash shortage may curb fur- 
ther purchases. 

Foreign experts say that the 
sale of advanced electronic 
equipment for China's fighter 
jets is an impoi lam step, but 
no! 3 breakthrough in its drive 
to modernize its armed forces. 
“It's only symbolic, a new 
small step forward.” said one 
Western diplomat. 

Under the deal announced 
on Tuesday. Peking will buy 
$10 million (£6.7 million) 
worth of avionics sets for 55 
F S fighters, similar in design 
to the Soviet MiG 23. 

Britain. France and Italy 
have been trying to sell China 
military equipment for several 
years. with little 
success. British firms signed a 
big contract in 1 983 to refur- 
bish China's 10 Luda class 
destroyers, but Peking can- 
celled it. 

China's few military im- 
ports over the past few years 
include 50 Dauphin helicop- 
ters and long-range radar from 
France and American Sikor- 
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master of 

erudite silence 



S amuel Beckett's birth cer- 
tifies ic gives the date of his 
birth as May 13. 1906. but 
he insists that he was bom 
on Good Friday. April 13 of that 
year. That date is too symbolically 
apposite to be eon i radio led. The 
Friday the thirteenth stands for 
the ill luck that man suffers but 
does not earn, and the Good 
Friday for God's suffering on 
behalf of human redemption. 

But it has been suggested that 
the day after. Holy Saturday, is 
Becketi's true symbolic date. His 
best-known play. Wailing for 
which lowbrows use d to 
sneer at but which has now 
become as popular as any item in 
the stage repertory, presents two 
tramps. Vladimir and Estragon. 
who wait "with a large measure of 
despair and a small measure of 
hope" for an enigmatic redeemer 
who never arrives. This is not to 
suggest that this is a Christian 
play, despite the allusions to the 
thieves who were crucified with 
Christ and the property tree by 
which the tramps have been told 
to wait. But the symbols of 
Christianity arc drenched in sug- 
gestive richness, and it is conve- 
nient to invoke them when trying 
to attach a meaning to the play. 
Tne tramps wait on the Saturday 
that comes alter Good Friday, but 
that Saturday obstinately refuses 
to become Easter Sunday. All 
they, and we. can do is to wait 
even though we can be pretty sure 
that the waiting will not be 
rewarded. Life is a wretched grey 
Saturday, bui it has to be lived 

And who is the Godot who 
never comes? To say that he is the 
God of the Old Testament or 
Christ bringing redemptive eau. is 
too easy. He may be someone 
more sinister. It is well-known 
that Beckett, travelling by Air 
France, heard the announcement 
“C esi le capitaine Godot t jui vous 
parte " and wanted to leave the 
aircraft. That anecdote seems to 
make the author as absurd as his 
characters, but the term absurd 
has to be invoked when dealing 
w ith Beckett. His absurdity is of a 
special kind. In his book The Myth 
Of Sisyphus Albert Camus spoke of 
that "divorce between the mind 

that desires and the world that 
disappoints" which makes man's 
situation on earth an absurd one. 
Like Sisyphus, we roll the stone up 
the hill only to see it roll down 
again. We live in a void of action 
and are led to despair or rebellion 
or. in extreme cases, to a kind of 
religious rehabilitation. If 
Camus's book makes a full philo- 
sophical statement about the ab- 
surdity of the human condition 
and suggests an existential way out 
of it — the way of choice — it is the 
task of Beckett merely to show 
men and women unable to choose, 
stuck in what he calls the merde 
u n:\enelic. absurd but. through 
their hanging on to the last human 
endowment, which is language, 
somehow noble in their absurdity. 

Beckett, though an Irishman 
bom in the Dublin district of 
Siillorgan (the place sounds as 
appropriate as his elected birth 
date), is a French writer — one 
who. according to the late Jean- 
Paul Sartre, has written the most 
distinguished French prose of the 
century. The roots of bis thinking 
are French. If we read his eariy 
book on Proust, we will see him 
praising a quality in that master 
which was to become his own. 
Proust refused to wrench the 
phenomena of the world into a 
logical order. He rejected a ch 2 in 
of cause and effect the making of 
the world intelligible. In other 
words, things are inexplicable: the 
scientific mirror lies; we know 
nothing. Beckett learnt his aesthet- 
ic from Proust in his works — 
plays and novels alike — he gets 
down to the stripping off of 
illusion, showing what is left after 
the dissofoution of shape, colour, 
habit and logic. 

Beckett's turning himself into a 
French writer had a good deal to 
do with his distrust of the Irish 
literary temperament If we read 
his novel Murphy, written in 
English, we see a tendency to the 
lush and romantic which sooner 
or later had to be expunged. 

The leaves began to lift and 
scatter, the higher branches to 
complain, the sky broke and 
curdled over flecks of skim blue, 
the pine of smoke toppled into the 
cast and vanished, the pond was 
suddenly a little panic of grey and 

white, of water and gulls and sails. 

In other words, a mistrust of 
words, highly dangerous phenom- 
ena resounding with false echoes, 
had to lead to an abandonment of 
English and at length to silence. 
Beckett moves towards the vacu- 
um. Other writers, especially Irish 
ones, have glorified the plenum. 
In the greatest Irish prose writer of 
the century. James Joyce, we meet 
more than a plenum, we meet a 

Beckett's association with Joyce 
is well known. Both Irish exiles in 
Paris, they admired the shape of 
each other’s mind. They were a 
foil to each other, shared talk and 
silence, drank equally, meaning 
too much. Joyce's daughter Lucia 
fell in love with the young 

handsome Beckett, who failed to 
reciprocate and brashly stated that 
his visits were to see her father, 
not her. 

T he devotion to Joyce was 
extreme. Joyce was proud 
of his small feet, and 
Beckett tried to make bis 
own feet as small in homage. The 
over-tight shoes were not merely a 
homage: they were a mode of self- 
excruciation wholly in keeping 
with the Beckettian view of the 
world as a place of pain. But the 
association with Joyce and the 
extravagant devotion have misled 
some people into thinking that 
Joyce and Beckett — though both 
Irish avant-garde writers exiled to 
Paris — were after the same thing . 

They were not Joyce willed 
language into becoming reality — 
the Real Presence in the symbolic 
bread. But Beckett learnt from 
him to distrust language white, 
paradoxically, seeming to affirm 
that language was all humanity 

Moreover. Beckett was never 
the same kind of Irishman as 
Joyce. The family was originally 
French Huguenot, and Beckett's 
elected exile in France was no 
more than a kind of belated 
repatriation. He went to Portora 
Royal School in Enniskillen. 
Northern Ireland, and to Trinity 
College, Dublin, great Protestant 
establishments both. If free-think- 
ing Joyce never quite threw off the 
Catholicism - of Congo wes and 


Life: Bom Dublin, 1906. Educated. 
Portora Royal School and 
• Trinity College. Dublin (MA). 
1926-1930: English lecturer, 
Ecole Norma/e Supenoure. 
Paris. 1930-32: lecturer in 
French, Trinity College. 
1963: Nobel prize for 

nays: En attendant Godot. 1952; 
Fm depart*. 1957:Krapp'$ 
Last Tape, 1959: La ~ 
DeeeniarB Banda. 1961; 
Happy Days. 1961; Play, 
1963: FUm. 1972. 

Novels: Murphy. 1938: Watt 1944; 
MoSoy, 1951 ;Maion*meurt, 
1 952: L innommab®. 1953: 
Comment e'est, 19B1; 
tmaqinatton Dead imagine. 
1966; First Love. 1973; 
Meraerand Cazmer 1974; 
Company. I960; WSftwrfl/ 
Said. 1982. 

Radio plays: All that Fall. 19 57; 
Embers. 1959; Cascando. 

Poetry: Col/acted Poems 1930- 
7973 and GoflectBd Shorter 
prose 1945-1980. 1984: 

University College. Beckett had 
none of that accumulation of guilt 
and Jesuitry to lose. Renegade 

Irish Catholics like Brendan Be- 
han never quite understood the 
kind of Irishman Beckett was and 
still is. They assumed a convivial 
bibulosity in a man who was 
naturally given to temperance and 
shocked by excess. Catholic Irish- 
men grow fat and sedentary. 
Beckett was always something of 
an athlete, a tennis-player and 
cricketer. He is the only Nobel 
Prizeman to be listed in Wtsden. 
Sunday travellers on Air France 
have observed him skim tightly 
over die literary section of his 
Sunday paper and become ab- 
sorbed in the sports pages. 

Rightly given less to philosophi- 
cal pessimism than to a realistic 
disillusionment, Beckett was 
beard once on the verge of 
admitting that life might have 
some good in it. That was on a 
sunny day at Lord's. But the 
characters in his plays and novels 
do not even have the consolation 
of being able to read the cricket 
scores. The Molloy trilogy, Ma- 
lone Dies. The Unnameable 
present the last gasp of human 
despair qualified by a dogged 
determination to survive for die 
mere sake of survival. The charac- 
ters have nothing to live for, but 
they are not suicidal. Malone ends 
with “Where L am, I don't know. 
I'll never know, in the silence yon 
don't know, you must go on, I 
can’t go on, HI go on." The 
curious thing about these mono- 
logues of desolation is that they - 
are not depressing. There is even a 
kind of exhilaration in their 
rhythms. The human condition, 
which is always presented as 
terminal, is absurd. We ought not 
to be entertained, but we are. 

Thefaterworics of Beckett move 
ever closer to impotence and 
silence. Fin de Parti, or Endgame. 
shows Hamm and Gov and others 

playing out their final phase of 
irritable senility m dustbins. Hap- 
py Days shows Winnie buried up 
to her waist in rubbish but still 
clinging to the particularities of 
her handbag. Come and Go with 
its three female characters limited 
to a 120-word text, prepares for 
Breath, which lasts for 30 seconds. 
Sot I is a scrap of monologue 
given to an illuminated: mouth. 
The mouth then shuts for ever. Dr 
George Steiner has praised this 
logical conclusion — the inarticu- 
late vacuum — as Beckett's contri- 
bution to the literary situation 
which has to prevail after Ausch- 
witz. There are not words left to 
express the horror of the twentieth 
century. We have to opt for 
silence. Dr Steiner has said all this 
very eloquently. 

B eckeu’s own view or his 
an is a modest one. “My 
characters have nothing. 
Ten working with impo- 
tence. ignorance . . . My little ex- 
ploration is that whole zone of 
being that has always been set 
aside , by ' artists as something 
unusable — a something by defini- 
tion incompatible with art” Of his 
own life, all 80 years of it. be says 
that it is “dull and without 
interest. The professors know 
more about h than Ido Noth- 

ing matters but the writing, There 
has bear nothing else worth- 
white" This writing he calls “a 
stain upon the silence". We ought 
not. in celebrating his eightieth 
birthday, to embarrass him by 
mentioning his kindness to his 
fellows in the damnable craft, his 
courtesy, his courage under pain, 
difficulty and danger. There is, he 
would say, nothing to congratulate 
him for. Let me then mutter 
inaudible thanks and then, opt for 
the silence which he has so notably 
stained. . . 

Anthony Burgess 

QAnftiwf Durp— t. IMS 

Chop that’s for real 

A ferocious new form of oare- 
fisted karate is worrying the 
medical and sporting authori- 
ties. The new sivle. called 
knockdown, allows full-power 
punches to the body and kicks 
to the unprotected head, and 
was developed to show that 
karate works not only against 
inanimate objects, but also 
against people. 

But there are no rules to 
ensure that fighters are fit for 
what is potentially an ex- 
tremely dangerous activity. 
An inexperienced amateur 
could come face to face with a 
highly trained figbler capable 
of smashing through layers of 
wood or bricks, with tragic 

Knockdown offers a harsh 
contrast to the two established 
competition styles. In full 
contact karate, the fists, feet 
and even head are padded, 
and the result is fairly close to 
Western boxing with kicks. 
But even with padding there is 
a danger of brain damage 
through repeated blows to the 

Under the rules of the 
World Union of Karate Orga- 
nizations (WL’KOj. only 
"skin contact" is allowed. The 
lethal strike to the head or 
chest is delivered, but stopped 
just as skin contact is made. 
This is the most common 
form of karate competition, 
and forms the basis of karate's 
OI\mpic aspirations. 

This is an interesting com- 
promise. but is regarded by 
some of the sport's fiercer folk 
as a kind of pat-a-cake or. even 
worse, karate interruptus — if 
you do this all your life, can 

Martial arts experts 
are split over a 
new and, some fear, 
potentially lethal 
method of combat 

you deliver the goods in the 

It was because of fears that 
karate was becoming more of 
3 sport and less of a martial an 
that one karate style, kyoku- 
shinkai — which prides itself 
as being one of the hardest 
forms — developed knock- 
down com petition, where two 
fighters face each other with- 
out major protective wear, 
and try ’to knock each other 
out. Punches to the head and 
blows to the testicles are 
forbidden. But most other 
things are possible. 

Leading medical experts in 
the martial arts field and 
karate instructors in other 
traditions are concerned with 

It depends who takes 
the most punishment 

the effects of the knockdown 
tournaments, and other impli- 
cations of us growing pop- 

Vic Charles. English and 
European Karate Champion, 
finds it a stem business. "In 
WUKO you are out to get a 
point and then get away — and 
a lot of skill is involved", he 
said. "But in the knockdown 
competitions I have seen, 
people just stand there slog- 

ging it oul It becomes a 
question of who can take the 
most punishment." 

Dr Greg McLatchie. chair- 
man of the WUKO medical 
commission and one of the 
leading experts in combat 
sports injuries, has led a 
campaign for safer karate for 
12 years. He. too, is concerned 
about the dangers of knock- 

“A survey of karate compe- 
titions in Scotland between 
1974 and 1977 showed an 
injury rate of one in every four 
contests, but following various 
recommendations and by 
making officials and karatekas 
aware of the dangers, that 
figure was cut down to one 
injury in 20 by 1983", said Dr 

Bui those were WUKO 
competitions. “I was invited 
to one knockdown competi- 
tion. I think the potential for 
serious injury, not just from 
the kicks to an unprotected 
head but also the accumula- 
tive effect of punches to the 
body, is very high." 

Instead of launching into 
fast and agile movements 
characteristic of WUKO. 
knockdown fighters start by 
kicking away at the thighs.A 
few kicks to the head may 
follow, but both fighters wifi 
lire quickly, moving into close 
range to start hammering at 
each other's body. It may not 
be very aesthetic, but it does 
excite the crowd. 

However. Dr McLatchie 
said he felt that the kind of 
widespread brain damage 
caused by repeated blows to 
the head would be reflected 
only in full contact karate. An 
experienced karate exponent 
himself, he thought it ex- 
tremely difficult to connect 
with a full power kick to the 
head of a trained man. 

Nevertheless. :hc injury’ rate 
in one of the first knockdown 
competitions recently held in 
Scotland — a country which 
has produced some outstand- 
ing karateka, including the 
current world champion Pat 
McKay — was extreme|y high. 

There was a clear disparity 
between the capabilities of 
some of the competitors, and 
the doctor was called during 
every fighL One fighter left the 
hall with a badly broken arm 
and an egg-shaped swelling 
above one eye caused by a 
knee strike. 

The tournament was orga- 
nized by a capable Scottish 
fighter and instructor. Ross 
Frame, who has had extensive 
experience in karate competi- 
tions. including' WUKO and 
full contact with boxers' 
gloves. He is now strongly 
interested in knockdown. 

He is a man with an 
uncompromising attitude to 

Knees up: kyokushinkai fighters sing h out knockdown style 

ne. In demonstrations, he 
breaks baseball bats wiih his 
shins. He was not even de- 
terred by an unfortunate en- 
counter with a bitumen- 
covered bat when he broke 
both his tibia and ftbia. As 
soon as the leg had healed, he 
took a baseball bat of Canad i- 
an maple and broke that with 
his shin. 

This illustrates, concisely. 

One man's shins can 
snap baseball bats 

the different directions karate 
is faking. Many, like Vic 
Charles, who regards himself 
as an athlete, regard karate as 
a sport like swimming or 
athletics. Others, such as 
members of the kyokushinkai 
style i whose founder, Oyama, 
was famed for felling bulls 
with a single blow), take a 
harsher line. Steve AraeiL 7xh 
dan Black Belt, who is the 
leading kyokushinkai instruc- 
tor in Britain and who intro- 
duced knockdown into the 
country, explains: “We want 
to train in the traditional 
martial arts style, and we feel 
that knockdown is the most 
realistic way of competing 
without severe injury." 

This is questioned by many 
within the mamal arts. *‘I 
don't think that karate compe- 
titions. whether WUKO or 
knockdown, give the competi- 
tor a (rue indication of what it 
is like to defend themselves'', 
said Myles Burke, a martial 

arts reporter and former Scot- 
tish international. 

In Britain, about 3,000 peo- 
ple regularly practise kyoku- 
shinkai style and many will 
train in knockdown styte 

Richard Thomas, executive 
officer of the Martial Arts 
Commission, its governing 
body, acknowledges that 
Ameil's competitions at Crys- 
tal Palace are now well run 
with adequate medical cover. 
Bui Mr Thomas pointed out 
that :be Mania! Am Commis- 
sion was a body without 
mandatory control. “What 
worries me is that there is 
nothing to stop anyone walk- 
ing into a village hall and 
puning a knockdown or full 
contact without even medical 

And there is no question 
about the popularity of knock- 
down as a spectacle — the 
Crystal Palace events, held 
during the autumn, are sold 
out well in advance- 

This is an aspect that con- 
cerns many in the rank and 
file of die karate world. Ope of 
Ross Frame's close friends 
and training partners is a 
Scottish Buddhist called 
Dharmavira. who runs 
courses in Buddhist medita- 
tion and karate. He is con- 
cerned that impressionable 
youngsters might get the idea 
that karate is all about 

“You don’t have to knock a 
man unconscious to prove 
that your karate works." 

Nicolas Soames 

Dinos equal dollars 

la the shadow of an abrauag- 
ly lifelike model of a Tyramo- 
sanms Rex in the Museum of 
Science in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, children pester then- 
parents for nickels and dimes 
to “feed" the dinosaur and 
hear him roar. No one, of 
coarse, knows bow dinosaurs 
roared— or even if they roared 
at alL But die recorded cell of 
a Florida boll alligator pro- 
vides a suitably fearsome noise 
— and as a money-spinner it is 
a winner. 

Dinosaurs — or dinos, as 
they are affectionately known 
— are catc h in g on fast in the 
United States. Jnst over the 
river from the Museum of 
Science, in suburban Cam- 
bridge, an entire shop is 
devoted to the cult Whether 
your taste is for a bright red 
stuffed Pteranodon, or a rock 
record featuring Stella Stego- 
saurus and the Hadrosanrs 
from Hackensack, the Dine 
Store is the place to look. 

“Out biggest audience is 
five-year-eld boys and 30- 
year-old men", says Amy Wof, 
an anthropology graduate who 
founded die shop. 

For the men — often sheep- 
ishly using their sons as an 
excuse for a visit — there are 
dinosaur ties, books and post- 
cards. For the five-year-olds 
there is everything from water 
pistols, cookie cotters and 
lollipops to more conventional 
puzzles and colouring books. 
An appropriate touch of mys- 
tery is provided by pop-up and 
glow-in- tbe-dark dinos. 

Toymakera — particatariy ip 
the USA — are never slow to 
cash in on a potentially lucra- 
tive market But there are also 
sound practical reasons why 
dinosaurs should have such a 
strong bold on the popular 
imagination- The American 
Museum of Natural History in 
New York has toe world's 
largest dinosaur collection, 
with 22 complete skeletons. At 
Dinosaur National Moon- 
men t, on the border between 
Colorado and Utah, visitors 
can drive round 206^00 acres 
of fossil-rich canyons and stop 
in the former town of Artesia, 
now renamed Dinosaur, where 
even the streets have names 
like Brontosaurus Boulevard 
and Triceratops Terrace. . 

The first diaosanr discover- 
ies were made in England in 
the early 19th century, bat 
these were so on eclipsed by 
the finds made in toe Ameri- 
can West by rival fossil- 
hunters Othnief Charles 
Marsh and Edward Drinker 
Cope, whose men reputedly 
came to blows in toe bum. 

The battleground may have 
shifted from Fossil beds to the 
pages of scientific journals — 
disease, starvation and poi- 
soning are some of toe many 
reasons that have been pat 

The dinosaur has a 
new lease of life in 
the United States, 
much to the delight 
of businessmen 

forward, for toe dinosaurs' 
extinction tome 65 million 
years ago — bat the debate can 
never be finally resolved. 
That, perhaps, is part of the 

Many palaeontologists dote 
their first interest in the 
subject back to childhood 
museum visits. For most fire- 
year-olds, dinosaurs are sim- 
ply another element in the 
world of fairy-tales. They may 
have little grasp of time-scales 
or evolution, but they will have 

very definite ideas about wha 
the dinosaurs were Uke. In i 
study of dinosaur fantasy play 
Dr John Scbowalter, a chib 
psychiatrist, found chfidrei 
drew dear distinctions be- 
tween toe aggressive “male' 
meat-eaters such as the Ty 
rannosanrus, and the mon 
docile “female" plant-eaters 
in one classroom, a mural evei 
showed the Brontosanra 
dressed in a skirt. 

In a survey of schools ami 
childcare centres, Di 
Schowalter, of the Yale Uni- 
versity Child Study Centre 
identified a very definite dino- 
saur “phase" among four and 
five-year-old boys. “Fve often 
equated it with girls and 
horses", he says. “The idea of 
a girl being able to make this 
huge horse do what she wants. 
Both are associated with 

“Certainly one of the nice 
things about dinosaurs is thaf 
I t they are seen as science. By 
learning the names and so 
forth, boys can get a lot of 
approbation from adults. Soci- 
ety isn't so pleased when kids 
get obsessed with Superman or 
Ba tm an or other -fantasy 

. The traditional view of dino- 
saurs as creatures who' were 
too stupid to survive has done 
much fo keep them- in the 
kindergarten classroom, _ but 
renewed scientific interest is 
producing more charitable es- 
timates of their ' brain 
sizePerhaps the image '.of 
dinosaurs as child's play - is 

about to grow ap. " 

Sally Dugai 


8 Sin (13) 

9 Peculiar (3) 

10 Speculator (9) 

11 Church land (5) 

13 Rough cider (7) 

16 Libels (7) 

19 Tabular diagram (5) 

22 Pitied scars (9) 

24 Distant (3) 

25 Observation (13) 

1 Robust (6) 

2 Linger (6) 

3 Map temperature 
. hue (8) 

4 Crawls (6) ■ 

5 Consumer (4) 

6 Lithe (6) 

7 Vitality (6) 
xz Be horizontal (3) 

14 25f n_pul,ed «««■» I« Portray (6) 

15 Far every (3) £ StSS 

20 Business (6) 
2! Crowd 16) 
23 Humble (4) 


ACROSS: 1 Robust 4 facile * 7 D»_ a. 

Tow 16Unpretentious J7 Hbv 7 |Qp£'iJ^?£ ,e,se ® Wreckage I? 
fetCTd 27 Liquor * ,9Pmless 24Mobi]ity Sfate- 26- 

Cheap II Aten L^Extol^rt ^Trunfc 4 Firm 5Crew CLasso 39 
Adorn 20 Iliad 21 Idylf 






and lingering scents 

A paughtrait of high society 

ff5. a r P so obsessed with 
biography these days that the 
Play is no longer the thing. 
Instead it seems more import 
tant to know from where the 
playwight drew his story and 
models, which the colour of 
ms socks and on what he feeds 
the cat. It is as if by minutely 
examining the life of the artist, 
we can understand his art- 
Overscnj tinised, the art 
danger of slipping bv 
unnoticed. y 

This might well be the fete 
of Violet Tneifusis's short, 
enjoyable novel. First pub- 
lished in 1935 and only now 
available in English. Broderie 
Ang/ fan fared to be of 
consummate interest because 
it investigates Vita Sackville- 
wests affairs with Virginia 
Woolf and the author. In feci 
if one reads it principally in 
this light, the footnote will just 
trip up appreciation of the 
story — a story which packs a 
much greater charge than 
Victoria Glendinning allows 
for in her introduction. 

Alexa. a young bluestocking 
novelist - “one of those 
women who having no bloom 
to lose improve with age" — 
has an affeir with a personable 
aristocrat Previously he had 
been on the point- of marrying 
his cousin. Anne. Anne's spec- 
tre haunts their affair. So does 
his vulgar, malicious mother 
in her old dressing gown and 
jewels. When Alexa finally 
meets her rival from the past 
— at a finely observed tea- 
party - everyone's role 

It is a love story full of 
seduction and worldliness and 
lingering scents. It concerns 
the way in which we become 
victims of our own imaginings 
and it comes to life not 
because Trefusis is dealing 
with a real-life affeir, but 
because she succeeds in show- 
ing how passion totters on 
some very flimsy pedestals. 

The Jwo Mrs 
on the 





By Violet Trefusis 

MethuenMi-95 - 




By Dominick Donne 

Sidgwick & Jackson, £9.95 


Viking. £9.95 


By H.SJBhabra 

Michael Joseph, £9.95 

murder of William Woodward 
Junior by bis- wife in 1955 — 
would have been much better 
as an historical account of its 
source material. As a journal- 
ist, Dominick Dunne has 
made a name observing the 
American rich and famous in 
criminal circum stance s.He 
admits he researched his book 
“as if 1 was going to write non- 
fiction". What prevents it 
working successfully as fiction 
are the discoveries be obvi- 
ously makes on the way. 
Fiction is used to absorb some 
irresistible, perhaps libellous. 

- details in the course of what is 
little more than a potboiling 
chronicleJSadly it is not used 
to create something with a 
moral life of its own. 

Narrated .fay the novelist 
Basil Plant — a small-time 
Truman Capote — it follows 
the rise of Ann Arden as she 
climbs with the upward mo- 
bility of Sherpa Tensing from 
showgirl to hostess with the 
mosiest. Dunne is at his slick. 

to the kitchen sinks of Cam- 
' den Town. Against an unpre- 
possessing background of 
allotments, magazine offices 
and changing rooms, Deborah 
Moggach has written a very 
good novel indeed - contem- 
porary in its subject (surrogate 
motherhood), compassionate 
in 1 its treatment of the four 
central characters and intelli- 
gent in its pursuit of the many 
hares they start 

Ann and Viv are sisters 
married to Ken and OTlie. Ann 
cannot have children. Vjv, 
alive, radical, fertile, decides 
to mother a child for her. Ken 
reluctantly agrees to father it 
What seems simple becomes 
"utter Woody chaos", giving 
rise not only to a baby but 
destructive jealousies and 

While going a bundle on 
images of fecundity. Moggach 
does have an instinctive eye 
for the tell-tale gestures people 
use to hurt or avoid each 
other. Nevertheless, there is a 
sense she only realises half | 
way through quite what she is 
taking on. 

Gestures is a first novel 
written as the memoirs of a 
diplomat What sets out to be 
the Jamesian account of a 
moderately successful public 
life in Venice and Holland 
becomes the loaded confes- 
sion of a weak man, a bad 
friend and a selfish lover. 

Bhabra's ponderous, 
oyerupholstered prose bulges 
with unbearble nostalgia and 
brackets brass-tacked with 
wise phrases. Many of these, if 
given a split-second's hesita- 
tion, turn out to be utter flap- 

Vet for all these irritations, 
the novel develop; an undeni- 
able power of its own. By the 
end, notwithstanding various 

confident bestwhen capturing references to memory as an 

Mpoi VfrrV c/v-tOTtf'c Kit i-K.i -ivuilaniKiia • uU._ 

Ironically, 7 j 
Grenvilles — based 

New York society's bitchy 
alertness for intruders. He is 
less sure-footed when having 
to invent 

From the Hollywood bowl. 

inadequate treason”, a "long- 
reflecting telescope" and a 
“thoughtless tyrant", I was 
both sitting comfortably and 

Rum Napoleonic lashes 

The Napoleonic Wars seem 
to bold an endless fascination 
for the historical novelist. 
Here are three heroes whose 
exploits have been chronicled 
in long series, coming up once 
again, fresh as ever, and fit for 
plots, mutinies, ..court 
martinis, all the profflenis that 
ail a fighting man if yon except 
the battles . 

Alexander Kent's Richard - 
Bohtho - now Sir Richard 
has a problem as common in' 
ISO 3 as in the twentieth centu- 
ry. During the peace, the Navy 
has been allowed to rot, ana 
now that it is war again, with a 
part-trained crew, many of 
them unused to war, he has to 
face the French, who are more 
than ready for him. Fbr the 
Bolitho fen, this is his six- 
teenth exploit, and he remains 
as sympathetic a hero as ever. 

A woman on board is bad 
luck - a sailor's superstition - 
and the girl rescued from a 
convict ship proves both bad 
and good luck. The finale is a 
desperate battle, conveying 
both the horror and the exhila- 
ration of a victory over a 
worthy enemy. 

Captain Jack Aubrey is a 
more flamboyant character, 
and in The Reverse of the 
Medal, the sower of early wild 
oats is disconcerted to find an - 
illegitimate son seeking trim 
out - the son is Mack, and 
hopes to become a Catholic 
priest, but his resemblance to 
his father is striking. With him 
is his friend. Dr. Stephen 
Maturin, born a C a t ala n , 
raised in Ireland, botanist, and 
spy. . 


Philippa Toomey 

By Alexander Kent 

Hutchinson, £9.95 


By Patrick O’Brian 

Collins. £10.95 

By Bernard Cornwell 

Collins, £9.95 

By Judith Terry 

Cape. £9.95 

' Returning from duty on the 
South American coast. Cap- 
tain Aubrey is given a v ery hot 
tip on the Stock Exchange, and 
finds himself in very deep 
trouble indeed, imprisoned in 
the Marshalsea, and ending 
with his career apparently in 
ruins. A cultured man, whose 
crew has been trained to sing a 
reasonable version of the Mes- 
siah. the gallant Captain and 
his friends never fail to 

Bernard Cornwell's Major 
Richard Sharpe has a quite 
different problem m 1813. 
Sharpe's Regiment is the sev- 
enth of the series on a Rifle- 
man promoted from the 
ranks, risen out of the slums of 
London by sheer ability . 

His Regiment is under threat 
of disbanding because of the 
lack of recruits. Returning to 
England to find oat what has 
happened, he and his faithful 

Sergeant Harper, the gigantic 
Irishman, are first feted as 
heroes, and then go under- 
ground to discover what has 
happened to the 700 men who 
are still on the books but not 
present at the headquarters in 
Chelmsford. Corruption in 
high places threatens not only 
Sharpe's career, but also his 
life. Sharpe's luck with women 
holds out, and he finds, at last, 
a young woman to take the 
place of his dead Spanish wife. 

His own personal revenge is 
complete, as the army 
marches into France. 

Jane Austen rarely men- 
tioned the war which was 
going on during her novels, 
though soldiers and sailors 
appeared as lovers, villains 
and part of the crowd. Judith 
Terry, in Miss Abigail's Part 
has rewritten Mansfield Park 
from the point of view of Jane 
HarrwdL, the pretty lady's 
maid, appointed to Julia Ber- 
tram. She has made a very 
entertaining job of it, as the 
servant’s hall observes, with 
some amusement, the race 
between the sisters for the 
fascinating Henry Crawford, 
though Jane has an unpleasant 
time with Tom Bertram, who 
regard the maids, as fair game, 
ami has already fathered a 
child by a servant dismissed 
with the utmost unkindness 
by Mrs. Norris. How Jane 
escapes the servants life to 
become the toast of the Lon- 
don stage is a pleasant and 
amusing novel, and h is fun to 
meet .some of the Austen 
characters again - Pug is as 
awful a little dog as ever. 

James Fenton on the life of an artist 
who made the nobility climb to him 


eriain kinds of illness seem 
to belong to certain periods 
of history. In the latter half 
of the nineteenth century 
there was a woman called Matilda 
Abadam who married, had a son and 
was widowed in rapid succession. So 
she went to live with her brother in 
France for the next ten years. But 
then her brother died, so the woman 
looked around (not very far, it 
appears) and married her son's tutor, 
by whom she had a daughter. The 
daughter became the writer Vernon 
Lee. The son. on whom his mother 
doted, became the poet Eugene Lee- 
H ami lion. His way of avenging 
himself on his motheT. for the double 
disloyalty of her marriage and giving 
birth, was to throw up his diplomatic 
career, decide to be a poet, go to bed 
from 1875 to 1896 and turn his 
mother and sister into his nurses. 
"When his mother died." Stanley 
Olson tells us, "he leapt out of bed, 
fully recovered, as if to confirm that 
she alone had been his ailment." 

John Singer Sargent's mother had 
another of these illnesses. She didn't 
like the thought of her American in- 
laws, so she kept her compliant 
husband in Europe, traipsing from 
spa to spa. city to city, climate to 
climate in the vain pursuit of health. 
Each time one of the in-laws died, she 
got a little better, until finally when 
they were all dead her constitution 
was revealed as being perfectly sound. 
Alt this time, her husband had 
managed to achieve absolutely noth- 
ing They were modestly well-off, so 
this didn't really matter. But there 
was some concern about what their 
talented son should do. 

He was talented as a linguist and as 

His Portrait 

By Stanley Olson 

Macmillan. £16-95 

a musician, but he had seldom 
received any formal education. He 
was mien led as a draughtsman, but 
you'd expen that from any member 
of an .American expatriate family in 
Europe at the time - what on earth did 
they do all day except sketch? 
Nothing in the story so far suggests 
that, when the Sargent family went to 
Paris in order that the son could learn 
the rudiments of Salon art, anything 
remarkable was going to happen. 

It turned out. however, that the 
curious upbringing had given young 
Sargent certain definite advantages. 
His fellow Americans found him 
enviably well steeped in European 
culture and wonderfully gifted with 
pencil and brush. He Had been the 
darling of ihe family, and now be 
became the most promising pupil of 
his chosen teacher, a once-eminent 
portraitist called Carolus Duran. And 
in one way he was particularly unlike 
his parents; once he bad started 
working, he was able to devote his 
whole life and personality to his 
work. Health had been his parents' 
preoccupation. Work was his. He so 
completely emptied himself into it 
that, it appears, he didn't need 
anything else. There was one feint 
attempt at romance. There is no 
evidence at all of any sexual entangle- 
ment. nor of any frustrated ambition 
in this direction. Sargent tolerated 
other people's children, rather as he 
tolerated other people's pets. He 
didn't want one himself. 

is father lived vicariously 
through his son's achieve- 
ments. Then he died and 
Sargent effortlessly became 
head of the family, looking after his 
mother and his devoted, deformed, 
unmarried sister. He had many 
friendships and he must have known 
the most predatory women of the 
western world, but he knew how to 
handle them. He could handle Ver- 
non Lee. He could handle Henry 
James, in whom he appears to have 
inspired a not entirely disinterested 
devotion. His career as a society 
portrait painter led him into the 
highest of high society, but you don't 
get any sense of his having had his 
head turned by it He was not a social 
climber. It was the aristocracy who 
climbed to him. 

Well, perhaps that is an exaggera- 
tion. Mr Olson, who seems to me a 



very sharp biographer as well as a 
pleasant prose stylist with a gift for 
the unexpected phrase, detects a 
degree of calculation in the young 
student's approach to the Salon. But 
his calculation is largely confined to 
the achievement of recognition for 
his art. The immediate problem with 
commissioned portraits was the effect 
that exhibiting them would have on 
the sitter's reputation - more than one 
woman was mocked by society after 
Sargent had painted her. A solution 
would have been to play safe. But 
Sargent's reputation was always as 
rather a dangerous person to sit for. 

That is. until time left him high and 
dry. in an exposed position as the 
central figure in the Royal Academy 
at a time when Roger Fry was 
campaigning for the Post-Impression- 
ists. Mr Olson points out that 
although Sargent had known Monet 
he had been largely unaffected by 
Impressionism itself. 

he leaching to which he had 
always adhered had been that 
provided by Duran. When he 
looked elsewhere for artistic 
models, it was to the old masters, and 
such inspiration as he found in them 
came out in the form of direct 
quotation rather than a wholly ab- 
sorbed influence. Some of the direct 
quotations are happily deploved. The 
use of Velazquez in the group" portrait 
of the Boit children is a charming 
example. Other influences are less 

In the latter pan of his life, when he 
grew fed up with the tyranny of the 
“paughtrait" as he called it. Sargent 
became obsessed with a series of 
schemes for the decoration of public 
buildings. For these he had to develop 
a grand style of allegorical or mytho- 
logical design. And that meant going 
and looking at people like Pinturic- 
chio - developing- an eclectic decora- 
tive style to match the eclectic 
architecture of the period. These 
works have been laigely forgotten, 
and apparently deservedly so. Al- 
though they belong to his old age. 
they derive from an all-too-easy 
allegiance to the Salon of his youth." 

So the story 1 is not an entirely happy 
one. Sargent's personality was pro- 
ductively directed towards his work, 
but it shied away from the kind of 
radicalism that might have put him 
into the first rank of painters. Mr 
Olson never makes exaggerated 
claims on his subject's bebalfflt can’t 
have been easy to sustain an account 
of a life so apparently unruffled. But 
this is a very' interesting book, full of 
portraits of unlikely incidental figures 
and rich in insights into its period. 
Those people, whoever they are, who 
give prizes to books like this, might 
have a serious think about giving a 
prize to this one. 

A painter still hidden 
by Spanish mist 

Diego Velazquez Is one of the 
great painters of all tunes, hot 
he had neither the uncompli- 
cated heroic flamboyance of a 
Rubens, nor was his life the 
stuff that tear-jerking movies 
are made oC, like Rembrandt’s. 
This more than explains die 
aura of discreet mystery still 
surrounding "the painter of 
painters" as Edouard Manet 
called him. This mystery not 
even Jonathan Brown suc- 
ceeds in dispelling. For vari- 
ous reasons, not least 
pragmatic, it seems common 
practice nowadays among 
writers on art history to aim 
their books at specialists and 
non-specialists alike. Al- 
though folly aware of the 
pitfalls, this author is no 

The book is structured rath- 
er like a discarsive catalogue: 
painting after exhaustively an- 
alyzed painting, following in 
chronological order, accompa- 
nied by their respective colour 
reprod actions, whilst all 
scholarly data is relegated to 
the small print of the footnotes 
and two appendices. 

Sanda Miller 

By Jonathan Brown 

Yale University Press. £35 

Its aim is clearly both to 
delight and to instruct. Where 
then is the problem? 

One important reason is 
that such copious amounts of 
research material are confus- 
ing save for the specialist, 
predictably failing to sustain 
the attention of most readers 
for any length of lime. The 
book is simply a reference 
book and should be treated as 
such. The scholar will 
neverthless welcome it with 
open arms not only as a much 
needed addition to the sparse 
existing English bibliography, 
but also as the most up-to-date 
compendium of previous re- 
search, to which the author's 
own contribution will help in 
increasing our knowledge and 
understanding of Velazquez. 

In the bitter turmoil of Britain 
betiveen the tears, can the lo ve 
between a daughter of privilege and 
a passionately committed miner 


' . DOVE 

i WA Rosie 1 "homos 


sS An en thralling, 
.£0 deeply mo ving novel. 

St. a * 4 4 

fp • 

Bon Viveur of Foreign Affairs 

Woodrow Wyatt 

PI 0.95 

This is much jollier than Duff 
Cooper's Ola Men Forget. 
That was a good self-portrait 
of an intermittently successful 
politician and diplomat 
emphasising his sober side. 
Here are the missing details 
which explain the compelling 
attraction of the whole man. 

Duff Cooper thought the 
purpose of being alive was to 
enjoy it. He followed without 
pause his sensual and intellec- 
tual inclinations. At 17 he had 
his first affeir with a French 
Countess who wished “I were 
20 years younger”. Tans at all 
prices and girls who made no 
charge were never oat of his 
mind.and rarely out of his bed. 

While he was engaged to the 
incomparably beaulmx] Diana 
Manners be kept her posted of 
bis - unfaithfulness. On h» 
honeymoon he dipped off for 
a quick one and 1 don't mean a 
drink. Fortunately, his re- 
markable wife was not much 
interested in sex, supposed it 
was something men had to 
have, -nothing alarming unless 
the mind followed the body. 
At 57 when Ambassador in 
Paris the entrancing young 
American, Susan Mary Pat- 
ten, went deep. Bui he could 
never leave Diana on whom 
be depended for his heady 

As a young man Duff 
Cooper unashamedly chose 
the smart set. gambling, ex- 
pensive wine, food and txaveE 
ling, oyer-spending - his 
modest income. In time he 
added valuable books and the 

The Authorised 
By John Charmley 

Weidenfeld & Nicotson. £12.95 


"Steady happiness Dug and 
Diana in the late 1930's 
need for extremely comfort- 
able and pleasant surround- 
ings as well as the 
entertainment of eminent 
friends, always aching for the 
best of everything Diana's 
theatrical career enabled him 
to abandon the Foreign Office 
for politics but luckily he was 
nearly always short of money: 
that forced him to write books 
like Talleyrand which are of 
permanent value. 

Mr Charmley gives numer- 
ous examples of Cooper’s wit 
including his account- of 
Attlee’s only thanks to him for 
:bis services as Ambassador 
when try chance they found 
themselves side by side in a 
lavatory at the Circus. 

As a Minister he was some- 
times good but often lazy, 
particularly as wartime Minis- 
ter of Information. The job 
bored him and he lacked 

He might have disappeared 
but for Churchill's apprecia- 
tion of his bravery in resigning 
from Chamberlain’s govern- 
ment after Munich. A Franco- 
phile and admirer of De 
Gaulle, he was sent as Ambas- 
sador to the Free French in 
Algiers in January 1944. Polit- 
ically the next four years were 
the "most constructive of his 
life as he used his charm and 
experience to overcome the 
spikiness of De Gaulle and to 
persuade the French not to 
resent Britain because she had 
not been defeated by Hitler. 
When Bevin gracelessly re- 
moved Duff Cooper from 
Paris his public career was 
over at just on 58 with six 
years to live. 

But his spirit, optimism, his 
laughter and socialising, and 
his scholarly love of books and 
financial need to write them 
kept his life rich in his pretty 
house at Chantilly. He was an 
admirable man full of un wast- 
ed talents and endowed with 
the secret of making his own 
life, and that of others, worth- 
while: Duff Cooper would 
have been delighted with 
young Mr Charmley *s book, 
his lust if he continues to 
write as authoritatively and 
engagingly he will make a 
great impact. 

The Welsh Connection 

It was his last case. Detective 
Chief Superintendent Pat 
Molloy. head of Dyfed-Powys 
CiD, and awed historian of 
Carmarthen (a town which, in 
the Nineteenth Century, he 
discovered had more pubs and 
crime than Dodge City in the 
days of Wyatt Earp),foucd 
himself three years ago on the 
eve of retirement involved in 
a case stranger than anything 
in his career or researches: the 
Welsh Connection. 

His account, beautifully 
printed by the small Goraer 
Press, has evervThing for a 
blockbuster film success; an 
international drugs syndicate, 
great wealth (a smuggler own- 
ing a yacht bigger than the 
Danish Royal Yacht), sex (the 
Cardigan chambermaid seeing 
one morning two protruding 
pairs of feet, and then running 
for her life as she heard two 
male voices), a chase across 
Europe to the French Riviera. 
And then...and then, of 
course, Martin Borman's gold. 
Believe me, this is better than 
the French Connection. 

There are two other things 
that guarantee that you will be 
unable to put this book down. 
The first is the setting. It 
begins and ends in the West of 
Wales, so you get the excite- 
ment of the best of Buchan 
and Graham Greene, of ex- 
traordinary things happening 
in a familiar place. The under- 
ground chamber under the 
beach is found when a farmer 
throws a pebble and hears it 
boom as it touches the ground. 
In torchlight police stare at 
electronic equipment out of a 
Bond film. 

On top of this, there is the 
comedy. The smugglers, 
sophisticates, thought they 
would merge into the land- 
scape. So they flourished wads 
of £20 notes in pubs, and 
bought double brandies and 
lobster. Had they painted their 
bottoms green and gone round 
naked, they would not have 
been more conspicuous in 
West Wales. A grateful judge 
complimented the Welsh on 
their nosiness. 

But it is the heroes who 
supply most of the comedy: 
the plump Welsh detectives 
who suddenly find themselves 
pacing the Riviera, lost in a 
maze of French police bureau- 
cracy. “Let's face it.** said their 
own prosecuting solicitor 
helpfully. “You are amateurs 
dealing with professionals." 
They lose contact with the 
ship that is to make the drop 
on the Welsh beach because 
they cannot afford to order an 
air-sea search by the RAF, and 
the Customs refuse to help. 

So they drink and eat 
(Molloy is for ever referring to 
someone "fortified by a large 
meal"), and happily bend the 
law, not allowing their prison- 

Byron Rogers 


By Pat Molloy 

Gomer. £7.50 

ers to see a lawyer, and not 
charging them for 72 hours. 
But then, as Molloy says, all 
they had to charge them with 
in the beginning was this: 
"Conspiracy’ to dig a hole in 
the beach." This remarkable 
charge, which could be 
brought against every holiday- 
maker in the country, was the 

one on which they were 

All that, of course, was 
before the lawyers (“Some of 
them on £150 an hour”, 
mutters Molloy) came out of 
the woodwork. His book is full 
of disgust, at the money 
involved, the magnums of 
Dom Perignon. the tax havens 
and the accountants and the 
lawyers, and the Police and 
Criminal Evidence Act. 
passed a year later, which 
would have obliged him to 
release his suspects in 36 
hours. In an American ver- 
sion. an aggrieved Gene Hack- 
man would have played the 
Chief Superi ntendent. 

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Having supported our withdrawal 
from Unesco. ihe hard right is now 
training its sights on the United 
Nations itself The Monday Club’s 
foreign affairs committee has just 
completed a highly critical report 
on the organization, decrying it as 
far left. ami-South African and 
anti-British and calling on the 
government to allow it two years 
to reform before Britain pulls out. 
The diatribe, however, has in- 
spired the ire of the club’s deputy 
chairman. William Perry, who is 
struggling to suppress its publica- 
tion. Perry's paper — modestly de- 
scribed by him as a “preliminary 
critique” — rubbishes the study 
for being too pro-Israel and is 
likely to fuel a row at May's 
annual meeting, when he will seek 
re-election. The report's author. 
Peter Thompson, was yesterday 
unwilling to talk but observed: “If 
it’s pro-Israel to be anti-PLO then 
I suppose I’m pro-Israel." 

Under wraps 

Hugh Dalton, chairman of Liver- 
pool City Council, was left looking 
a proper Charlie yesterday when he 
arrived at the city's Adelphi Hotel 
to unveil a statue of Bob Geldof. 
Unfortunately the Liverpool Beat- 
les Appreciation Society, which 
had organized the event, had 
forgotten to tell him that, because 
of a hitch, the ceremony had been 
called off last week. Dalton, in best 
bib and tucker, was asked to come 
back in June. The Appreciation 
Society would not appreciate his 
thoughts about them. 

Eastward Ho! 

Although he left the prime min- 
isterial hot seat 23 years ago. Lord 
Stockton hasn't finished changing 
the face of Britain. Because his 
home. Birch Grove, is split down 
the middle between East and West 
Sussex, he has hadto pay rates to 
both. But now the two councils 
have agreed that the historic 
boundary of East Sussex — where 
Lord Stockton's lodge stands — 
should be moved, and West 
Sussex shifted east to incorporate 
all of Stockton's pile. The change 
will not affect his pocket immedi- 
ately, though: if approved by the 
Boundary Commission his rates 
are unlikely to change before 1991. 


‘What couldn't we do with some 
of Bill Boaks’s magic . . 

Ready Breconer 

On the eve of the Fulham by- 
election. a lobby journalist tele- 
phoned Labour headquarters to 
ask when they had last won a by- 
eteclion. He was told: “Brecon and 
Radnor, of course.” It requires 
little knowledge of politics to 
recall the resounding Alliance win 
there last year. 

• Roger Liddle, SDP candidate ai 
Fulham, tells me he has been 
chasing the “Fergie'’ vote. Yoo 
know, those folk in green wellies 
with plain by accents. Tbe terms 
Hooray Henry and Sloane Ranger 
have become awfully passe. 

Of a feather 

Bird artists are sexist, according to 
a letter in this month’s British 
Birds magazine. Paul Greenwood 
and Jonathan Adams of Durham 
University say they have surveyed 
the illustrations used in the three 
most widely used field guides to 
European birds. In I S per cent of 
drawings the male is drawn bigger 
than the female even though in 
reality the female is the larger. 
Where the female is properly 
drawn larger, the size difference is 
less than it should be. Conversely, 
where ihe male is larger, the size 
difference is exaggerated. Valerie 
Wise, where an thou? 

Cover blown 

Alan Clark thought he was going 
to be let off the hook this week. .As 
a minister (Trade) he should 
loyally support the government 
bill privatizing the Devonportand 
Rosyth dockyards: as a Plymouth 
MP he has reservations and was 
pointedly absent from the second 
reading in December. For the 
third reading on Tuesday he had 
the perfect excuse for absence: he 
was due to attend a meeting of the 
EEC Council of Ministers in 
Luxembourg. Then, at the last 
minute, the meeting was can- 
celled. Gark nevertheless stayed 
away and his absence was duly 
noted by another Plymouth MP. 
David Owen. Yesterday Clark's 
office said he did not wish to 
discuss the matter, but yes. he was 
in Britain at the lime of the debate. 


Checking out my conscience 

I used to be a Sunday School 
teacher, and Sunday matters to 
me. So do the principles under- 
lying the Shops Bill now before the 
House of Commons. These are the 
questions I ask myself. 

Q. .-Ire rot/ are Christian ? 

A. Yes. although I do not claim to 
be any better a Christian than I am 
a Conservative. 

Q. If as a matter of conscience 
you fell it right to vote against 

this bill, would you. even 
though it meant giving up min • 
isterial positions'? 

A. Yes. 

Q. Do you believe that the 
criminal law should always back 
up the 10 Commandments'. 1 
A. No. Nor do the churches. 

Q. What do you think of the 
united opposition to the bill from 
the general synod of the 
Church of England in combina- 
tion with the Shop Workers 
Union ? 

A. It is a curious alliance. The 
Shop W'orkrrs Union indicates 
that it is against the Shops Bill on 
principle but that the cost of the 
principle is double time for those 
who are asked, or volunteer, to 
work on Sundays. 

Peter Bottomley, committed Christian 
and junior Transport Minister, 
explains his support for Sunday trading 

0- And what of the position of 
the general synod, who voted 374 
to one in opposition to the bill? 

A. I sometimes wish the general 
sy nod could get closer to unanim- 
ity on what it sees as being 
theological and strictly chureh 

S . Do you believe that many 
op i vorkers will be exploited if 
Sunday trading is allowed? 

A. No. Some protection for exist- 
ing shop workers who do not work 
on Sundays is built into the bill. If 
any of the four million people who 
presently work regularly on Sun- 
days and the extra four million 
who work irregularly had made a 
complaint about pressure to work 
on Sunday to their MP their 
complaint would have arrived on 
my desk during the IS months I 
was at the Department of Employ- 
ment with responsibility for 
employment protection. In fact 
throughout the entire period I 

received not one letter of that 

Q. What about the Sabbatarian 


A. I understand and respect the 
argumem, but I do not share it 
even when it comes from those 
who make no unnecessary use of 
other people's services on a Sun- 
day and who refuse to buy or read 
Monday's newspapers, which are 
produced by the efforts of people 
on Sundays. 

Q. Do you believe that there 
will be unrestrained Sunday trad- 
ing if it is derestricted? 

A. No. Office work is not prohib- 
ited on a Sunday and it does not 
happen to any significant extent. 
Q. What about the character of 
the British Sunday? 

A. As a Member of Parliament I 
suspect I am in as much demand 
for Sunday activities as any other 
person. I decline most invitations 
for Sunday. During my five 

elections in Eltham (and West 
Woolwich before) 1 never cam- 
paigned or canvassed on a Sun- 
day. In each one nearly all my 
opponents did.- 
Q. Do you third: that the ex- 
change of goods and services for 
money on a Sunday comes 
high on the religious list of crim- 
inal activities? 

A. No. Think of many of the 
things which are commonly re- 
garded as undesirable to which the 
churches have -dropped their 
objections as being criminal activ- 
ities. Buying things in shops as the 
act of consenting adults in private, 
or semi-public, does not seem to 
be tbe highest priority for legal 
prohibition and penalty. 

Q. Can you give a brief sum- 
mary of your position? 

A. I try to work on the principle: “I 
must, you should, they may". 

Q. Would you join a campaign 
to get more people to go to church 
on Sunday and to treat the day 
as special? 

A, Yes. Without claiming credit 
for it, I think that my support for 
the good work of the church and 
the benefit of Sunday observance 
demonstrates this. 


Two months ago senior police 
officers began visiting those areas 
of Pakistan's Punjab province 
where Miss Benazir Bhutto is 
expected to hold mass meetings 
during a tour beginning today. 

Last week the cabinet met to 
discuss the people's likely reaction 
to the return of the eldest child of 
the charismatic but flawed 
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the former 
prime minister who was hanged 
under the martial law regime 
imposed by General Zia. And this 
week the general, who is now 
president of the civilian govern- 
ment installed after martial law 
was lifted at the beginning of the 
year, came to Lahore to judge for 
himself the likely impact. 

Such is the atmosphere as 
Pakistan awaits Miss Bhutto's 
arrival after two years in Britain 
that it is being compared to the 
Ayatollah Khomeini's triumphant 
welcome in Iran after his years of 
exile in Paris. Many draw analo- 
gies with the massive show of 
public support for Mrs Corazon 
Aquino which led to her installa- 
tion as president after she had first 
been deprived of victory. 

Outwardly, the government 
seems relaxed. Sir Geoffrey Howe 
was told during his visit last week 
that trouble was not expected and 
that, in a free and newly demo- 
cratic society. Miss Bhutto was 
entitled to return and make her 
case to the people. In fact Pakistan 
is agog. Thousands of supporters 
of the Pakistan People’s Party 
(PPP). founded by her father and 
now the biggest party in the 
country — and virtually the only 
national opposition to the govern- 
ment— have been making their 
way to Lahore to launch her 

There is a growing belief, verg- 
ing on the mystical, that on her 
arrival Miss Bhutto will somehow 
be transported by a tide of popular 
will directly into the presidency, 
with Zia and his associates — like 
Marcos — flying out in American 
military aircraft after realizing 
from her mass meetings that they 
are no longer wanted. 

The old-style political power 
brokers are standing on the side- 
lines. prepared to take advantage 
of her success — or failure. And 
there are many ways in which she 
could fail. One possibility is that 
her campaign gets seriously out of 
hand and General Zia. who re- 
mains army chief of staff, re- 
imposes martial law to' restore 
order. If Zia failed to act in such 
circumstances, another general 
might take over at gunpoint, 
driving out Zia and his weak 
prime minister, M.K. Junejo, and 
locking up the troublesome Miss 
Bhutto once more. She spent 
several years under house-arrest in 
Karachi and tbe present demo- 
cratic regime, if so inclined, could 

Michael Hamlyn reports on the ferment in 
Pakistan over Benazir Bhutto’s return 

Casting a spell 
— but not 
quite a Cory 

Benazir Bhutto: a tide of popular sopport — but opposed 
by a powerful coalition of interest groups 

use existing statutes to keep her 
out of the way. 

It is not too fanciful to suggest 
that Miss Bhutto might be re- 
moved permanently. Assassina- 
tion is not unknown as a political 
tool in the subcontinent. The 
Afghan war on Pakistan's border, 
and the refugees within the coun- 
try. have made guns and bullets 
readily available: a Kalashnikov 
can be bought for the equivalent of 
£550. with 1,000 rounds of ammu- 
nition thrown in. In this increas- 
ingly fundamentalist Islamic 
country a mullah might be spurred 
to action by the sacrilegious 
notion of a woman offering herself 
as zhe nation's ruler. 

Ruling out assassination, the 
mullahs and the political parties 
dominated by priestly figures. 

along with other powerful interest 
groups, will oppose her, just as the 
mullahs and the generals com- 
bined in 1977 to overthrow her 
father. Nowhere is there any sign 
of the breakaway military support 
which helped Mrs Aquino to 

In 1983 the troublesome cam- 
paign by the Movement for die 
Restoration of Democracy (MRD) 
was largely led by the Mirs and 
Piis of Sind, the rich feudal 
landowning and religious aristoc- 
racy. It had the backing of the 
sirdars (tribal chiefs) of Balu- 
chistan. although the Punjabi 
landlords supported the Zia re- 
gime and the frontier tribal chieft 
had more pressing interests in the 
Afghan war and the drug trade. 

When Benazir arrives she is 

unlikely to stir any interest among 
either the landowners or the tribal 
chiefs. There is nothing for them 
in her campaign, and by and large 
they are doing well out of the 
present political set-up. Even the 
waderas. the feudal barons of her 
own party, are not overly enthu- 
siastic about her cause. Her auto- 
cratic ways, her lack of respect for 
their past association with her 
father’s party, and the appoint- 
ments she has made to key posts 
from among her own inexperi- 
enced supporters without consult- 
ing them have made the waderas 
willing to see her fail. 

The industrialists and big 
businessmen have done too well 
out of the Zia regime and their 
close association with American 
aid and trade to risk losing it all by 
a leap into the unknown. Even the 
small traders, who supported the 
mass movement in 1983 and fed 
the families of the imprisoned free 
or on credit, have yet to be 

Students and workers are a 
more reliable warp for the magic 
carpet to power. But even here she 
cannot count on general support 
Many of Pakistan 's students wear 
the lace cap of the true Muslim 
believer. The trade unions stayed 
well out of trouble in 1983. 

It is the the poor and underpriv- 
ileged who are the Bhutto constit- 
uency. These are the people who 
cheered the late prime minister 
when he admitted to a religious 
charge of anti-Islamic drinking: 
“Yes, I drink" he said "I drink 

wine but I do not drink the 

blood of the poor". - 

.“ Roti . kapra. makan” - 
“bread, clothing, shelter" - are 
what the Bhutto name promises to 
the poor, and despite the betrayal 
of that pledge, it still stays. 

Further, the hanging of Mr 
Bhutto has left a collective fading 
of guilt among many Pakistanis^ 
That they allowed it to happen 
shames them, and they now feel 
they owe the dead man’s family 

Miss Bhutto will be greeted by a 
crowd of hundreds of thousands 
when she flies in. Her aim must 
then be to demonstrate that the 
support she receives on her arrival 
will continue, compelling the gov- 
ernment to negotiate with her, and 
eventually persuading it to hold 
mid-term elections which she and 
her party can win. 

This raises still more questions. 
Will her party register, as required 
under recent legislation? Will she 
consent to fight under the 
amended constitution at all? And 
if not, how can it be withdrawn, 
without a breakdown of law 
becoming a certainty? Finally, if 
she fights and wins, will she accept 
the prime minister's job from the 
man she regards as her father’s 


Many Austrians share the robust 
contempt which Dr Kurt Wald- 
heim has shown for the allegations 
by the World Jewish Congress 
about his supposed wartime Na- 
zism. Prominent Viennese Jews 
are among those who express total 
disbelief and anger that the allega- 
tions were made. “I would hate to 
see this man become a martyr 
thanks to the obsessions of the 
World Jewish Congress." one said. 

Jews have become used to living 
in a post-war Austria which has 
never fully faced up to its record of 
ami-semitism. According to a 
survey two years ago by Professor 
Hilde Weiss of Vienna University, 
one in four Austrians was still 
"violently anti-semitic". Professor 
Weiss said that although fewer 
than 30,000 Jews remained in 
Austria, many Austrians believed 
that the Press and banking were 
firmly under Jewish control. 

This attitude is prevalent even 
among younger Austrians born 
well after the war. Many have told 
pollsters they will vote for Wald- 
heim in the presidential election 
next month because he is the 
"victim of an international smear 
campaign". One girL whose father 
fled the 1938 Nazi occupation 
because he came from an old 
aristocratic family, was adamant 
that she would not give in to 
“international Jewish opinion". 

Many Austrians who are not 
anti-semitic have been persuaded 
to support Waldheim simply out 
of an understandable hostility to 
foreign interference in their af- 
fairs. These voters, from staunch 
Catholic backgrounds, would have 
voted for him anyway because 
they are weary of years of socialist 
rule and are loath to endorse Dr 
Fred Sinowatz's scandal-prone 
government by supporting the 
socialist candidate. Dr Kurt 

Their attitude can be summed 

Richard Bassett analyses the widespread 
Austrian sympathy for Dr Waldheim 

Turning a blind 
eye to history 

up in the words of a Benedictine 
monk who said that if Waldheim 
was good enough to become 
United Nations secretary-general 
he is clearly eligible to be Austria’s 
president; the World Jewish Con- 
gress was conducting a witch hunt 
against -a man who had showed 
that be could be a decent and 
upright international politician. 

It is unlikely that any docu- 
ments which emerge from either 
the UN or the WJC will prove 
conclusively that Waldheim was 
personally responsible for either 
the transportation of Jews to 
Auschwitz or for harsh reprisals 
against Yugoslav civilians and 
partisans. If international opinion 
does not give him the benefit of 
the doubt. Austrians voters wilL 

Those in Western Europe and 
the United States who find it 
difficult to perceive why this 
should be so should remember 
that Waldheim's experiences mir- 
ror those of thousands of other 
Austrians who were caught up in 
the horrors of the last war and saw 
things of which they would rather 
not be reminded. All Austrians of 
Waldheim's age had to turn a 
blind eye to what happened in 
their country from 1938 until 
Germany’s defeat seven years 
later. Those who protested were 
imprisoned or executed. 

The people of a small country 
abandoned by the great powers 

Waldheim: one crucial question 

he fails to consider 

and desperate to survive could 
afford to do little else. A retired 
postman, reminiscing in a cafe, 
once told me how he had been an 
ardent monarchist between the 
wars but gradually, as the Nazis 
gained in strength after 1935, 
every rally he attended was broken 
up by Brown Shirt thugs. “After 
being hit on the head for the tenth 
time. I derided the only way to 
survive was to join them. They 
gave me work and a smart 
uniform, but I've never really 
liked the Germans." 

Once war was declared, the 
postman, like Waldheim, found 
himself in uniform in Yugoslavia. 
Understandably he has tried to 

forget what happened there; not 
out of any shame but simply 
because war dehumanizes all who 
take part. Partisan war de- 
humanizes totally. 

Many Austrians fought coura- 
geously on the Russian front 
during tbe war. Four Austrian 
divisions were annihilated at 
Stalingrad. Waldheim articulated 
the feelings of thousands of Aus- 
trians when he angrily banged the 
table during a recent BBC inter- 
view and demanded that tire 
□umbers of Germans who lost 
their lives in the Balkans cam- 
paign should not be forgotten. 

That is a myopic view of 
history. It omits to ask the crucial 
question of what precisely 
Wehrmacht soldiers were doing in 
Yugoslavia, a country which had 
pledged peaceful relations with its 
growing German-speaking neigh- 
bour. Perhaps Waldheim had 
forgotten the bombing of Belgrade 
which opened Hitler's blitzkrieg 
against the Yugoslavs without any 
formal declaration of war. 

If be did, it can be safely 
assumed that again his views 
reflea those of most of his 
compatriots. Few Austrian history 
books explain objectively the 
events before and during the last 
war. Fewer still explain how 
strong the Nazis were in Austria 
before Hiller’s 1938 invasion. 

The Allies, who occupied Vi- 
enna for 10 years after the war, 
were at pains to rebuild a demor- 
alized state which would even- 
tually act as a buffer between East 
and West. The simplistic view that 
Austria was the first victim of 
Hitler’s aggession was propagated 
to restore confidence and develop 
a national identity which had - 
eluded Austrians before the war. 

In this, the Allies were clearly 
successful. The Austrians now 
closing ranks behind Waldheim 
after the events of 40-odd years 
ago are the proof. 

Ronald Butt 

Each-way loser 
for the Tories 

The government has reached that 
point in the life of every admin- 
istration when achievements are 
taken for granted and all attention 
is focused on faults and failings, m 
a year or so, when prosperity is 
still more visibly the consequence 
of the great victory over inflation, 
and the electorate’s mind can be 
concentrated .on the constructive 
changes in industrial relations and 
the reversal of unpopular na- 
lionalization. it may be different. 

If the realistic choice then is 
taken to He between the Conser- 
vatives and Labour, the nation 
may look much more favourably 
on the government than it “0®* 
today. But will this seem to be the 
simple choice? The electorate may 
deride that valuable though the 
structural changes achieved by the 
government have been, the Tones 
lack answers to new problems. In 
that event, will the political in- 
dicators from now on persuade 
enough voters that the Alliance is 
a credible candidate for power to 
bring about a seismic shift in the 
political structure? . • 

What cannot be doubled is that 
the government’s present uiv 
popularity, encouraged by its sdfj 
inflicted wounds in the Westland 
affair, but rooted in the failures of 
provision and organization of the 
schools and hospitals, is creating 
conditions in which such a fun- 
damental change is possible. ' 

In such circumstances, Mrs 
Thatcher’s uncompromising style, 
an asset in such times of crisis as 
hyper-inflation, or the almost 
insurrectionary threat from 
picket-line violence during the 
min ers’ strike, does not attract 
support. In practice she is a great 
deal more open-minded than her 
manner suggests, but appearances 
matter. There is a widespread 
feeling that the government is not 
open to new thinking on new 
problems, and opinion has turned 
against it 

So the Tories are reconciled to 
losing Fulham today. On any 
normal calculation this would not 
much matter. From 1950 to 1974 it 
was held by Labour, and for the 
Conservatives to lose a seat which 
their old opponents last won with, 
a majority of 5,321- in October 
1974. compared with a Tory 
majority of 4,789 in 1983. would 
seem no disaster. What frightens 
the Tories is the thought that 
Fulham might be won, or nearly 
won. by the Social Democrats. 

They fear that such a victory 
would create a new momentum 
for the Alliance which would help 
it to sweeping victories in next 
month's local elections and even 
to a victory to the Rydale by- 
election, where the Alliance were 
runners-up last* time, if the public 
were persuaded, that votes for the 
Alliance were not wasted, the way 
could be open to a hung Par- 
liament, proportional representa- 
tion and the prospect that the 
Conservatives would seldom 
again hold power alone. 

What is more, if the Alliance 
were the principal threat, it would 
be a much more difficult enemy to 
■fight than Labour. How exactly 
would the Tories fight an Alliance 
whose stance seemed attractively 
middle-of-the-road when the mid- 
dle of the road was in fashion, but 
whose policies were too i mp rec is e 
and undogmatic to get a grip on? 

The Tories do not know, they 
would rather have to deal with the 
old Labour enemy wjth its self- 
discrediting extremists and un- 
popular policies than with, the 
will- o’-the-wisp Alliance. 

Ytt there is also danger for the 
Tories in this line of thinking. 
Fulham is the kind of seat the 
Alliance must win as Labour’s 
replacement if it is to be-more than 
a receptacle for centrar and 
temporary protest against the 
Tories. A resounding success, for 
Labour at Fulham could be the 
start of a bandwagon which helped 
Labour to reconstruct its image as 
the moderate socialist party which 
Neil Kinnock wishes it to seem. 
The public might even be per- 
suaded that in seeing off the 
Militants (if he does) - Kinnock 
would have seat off the left, which 
is far from the truth. With the 
extremists whom Kinnock would 
have behind him in Parliament, 
the constituencies and the party 
conference, all that the Thatcher 
government has achieved would 
be at risk if Labour formed a 
government. Privately, some To- 
ries whose commitment to their 
party is unequivocal begin to 
wonder whether a hung par- 
liament might not be better. 

Against this; a good Affiance 
result at Fulham (a natural seat for 
Labour, despite its partial gen- 
trification) would, be a. massive 
blow to Labour’s claim to be the 
natural alternative to die Tories. 
This would have tremendous 
implications, for whereas there 
will always be a Conservative ‘ 
Party to guard constitutional and 
social continuity, the innovative 
party of the left is always on 
electoral suBrance. When its ideas 
are proved unworkable or irrele- 
vant, it must give way to some- 
thing else, as the old Liberal Party 
gave way to Labour. 

' A bad result for Labour in such 
a seat asFulharo would mean that 
Kinnock faces real trouble in 
trying to estabtish his pan? as one 
responsible enough for govern- 
ment, and the Tories could fed 
that their restoration of a non- 
socialist society is here to stay. If 
however. Labour does well, it will 
be a danger sign that Kinnock is 
winning the public- to the 
cosneacalty acceptable face of the 
Labour Party. 

It is a dilemma for the Tories. 
For the longer term* they must 
wish to see Labour replaced by a 
moderate social democratic party 
which, could interchange with the 
Tories in the American style, and 
without disrupting the economic 
and social system in the manner to-, 
which' we have unhappily become 
accustomed. But,. here and now, 

- they must - deny the/ Alliance . 
credibility ift order to avoid a 
hung Parliament - • 

In Fulham, win a significant 
part of the working-class and 
council estate vote' which sup- 
ported the Tories last time turn to 
the SDP? To whai extent -will 
some who had thought of voting 
Tory reluctantly to keep Labour 
out decide' that the SDP is the 
better bet? Tbe result at Fulham 
hangs on the consequences of 
complex tactical voting, which is 
also quite likely to be the 
determining factor in British elec- 
toral politics from now until the 
general election. 


T ***• 


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moreover . . . Miles Kington 

A takeover 


There is no column today, as we 
have sold all the space to protago- 
nists in tbe takeover wars. En 
garde, gentlemen! 

A message from Slingsby Inter- 
national to all United C ^cake 
shareholders. Ignore the ridicu- 
lous Allied Drinks bid. Accept the 
Slingsby bid. 

After afl, what does Allied 
Drinks know about the cupcake 
business? Nothing, that’s what 
Oh yes, they're very good at setting 
fizzy drinks and rather dobions 
brands of Scotch that nobody has 
heard of, bat is that going to help 
them push cookies and cupcakes? 
Not on your nelly. 

Slingsby, on the other hanil T can 
sell anything,' We can even sell 
cupcakes. No, that sounds a bit 
patronizing. Let’s rephrase - ft. 
Slingsby and cupcakes go together 
like Esfe and chips. 

The Slingsby final offer is 650p. 
a share. Accept it 

A message from Allied Drinks to 
all United Cupcake shareholders. 
Blimey, have you just read that 
Slingsby ad? Pitiful, isn't it? But 
what can you expect from a firm 
that spends most of Us time 
flogging pocket calculators at 
£91999 a throw? 

All right, they're very good at it 
Bui does that give them the 
experience to mastermind the 
complicated world of cupcakes and 
chocolate chips? Does it? Don't 

make us laugh. 

We sell drinks. You sell food. 
What could go together better? 

Accept the final Allied Drinks 
offer of680p a share. Together we 
can rile the world 

Slingsby here again. Just keeping 
in touch with United Cupcake 
shareholders. Only a brief word, 
as we have said it an already, and 
It’s costing us £500,000 a line here 
in Moreover. But just to say that 
you’d be out of your tiny minds to 
do business with a ropey firm tike 
Allied Drinks. Blimey, they 
couldn't, eves organize a lifeboat 
appeal lit a hurricane. 

Just to show we mean business* 
we’re prepared to offer 690p a 


But you haven't, have you ? You 
want to know what Allied Drinks 
have got to say to Slingsby's had of 
cobblers, don t you? Well, here it is, 7": 
straight from the shoulder, push 

Ourjmal offer, by the way, is " * V 
700p a share. Plus a free bottle cf -’ft. 
quite reasonable dareL 

A message from Megabix to 
United Cupcake shareholders. Are T ' v 1 
you tired of the petty bickering 
between Slingsby and ' Allied >* p - 
Drinks? We surely are. And that’s 
why we’ve moved huo the fray 
with a completely new offer of 
71 0p T plus a picnic hamper, plus 
an evening out with Bairy .Nor- 
man at a restaurant of your choice: - 

Accept tire Megabix bid. Then --V’ 
we edn all go home. '■-j; 

A message from Slingsby-AUied 
Drinks. Yes, yon read right While 
you were reading rtiat pathetic 

message from Megabix we merged 
to foam the biggest -cheap 
calcq la tor/fizzy drnl conglom- 
erate _in the world. And our final 
offer is — just a moment, we’re got 
it on a bit of paper somewhere — 

720pl Pins a new three-bedroomed 
home in Sku^k. . 

A message from Megabix. 730p, 

. plus a. free company car to each 
shareholder. Thai’s finaL 

A message from United Cupcake, to 
ml our shareholders. Sorry you 
haven't heard from us bejbre,bat 
we ve been busy making cupcakes. 
Anyway, you may have read that 
Megabix, Slingsby and. Allied . - * 
Drinks have allgone into liquida- - ’ \ 
tion in the last hour or so. crushed 
by* the expense of pulling jidl-page 
ads m the papers every day, which 
has given us the.chanceto pick up 
au three companies dirt cheap. .j • 

So there wont be any takeover. • 
and you wont make a killing on 
your shares. Sorry about that, but 
that s business. 

Now, if you'll excuse us, we've 
got more cupcakes to moke. 

A message from Moreover Enter- 
Prtses. This column has suddenly 
become free tomorrow for more 
takeover bids. Phone in your copy 

J.*uS a * 

\ i 



V ' 

share, but that’s final. We’d stop anv fimV.TT 
reading now, if we were yon. £500,000 a Hnel c^bS? it's fo!?! 

,# r 







:itJs tittle woader that tele- 
' Jgo? in mainland 

Baton nod the spectacle of the 

from thar neighbours a 
collar one. Unionists have 
complained loud and long 
jfcottt the inadequacy of the 
stale's efforts against subver- 
• sive violence and they have 
been the first to aUege un- 
warranted .interference when 
^as reformed 
-Ttiat force is now 
rt«terkahal attack from mem- 
bers of its-own community. 

The perpetrators may he a 
small minority but they are 
hang given encouragement - 
in code - by a much 
larger number who silently 
-approve and may not help the 
police find the culprits. Their 
actions are being endorsed by- 
potititiaris who n^ain* forma] 
obeisance 46 the need to 
observe the law hut then 
proceed to devote -most 'Of 
thar words, and vigour to 
claiming that they were the 
first to predict that this vi- 
olence would be the inevitable 
consequence of the 
government's folly. Mr Enoch 
Powell's references to the need 
to "keep the law** are under- 
mfcwd by his far more frequent 
assertions that die government 
ignored his prophecies at its 
peril and that as a result h is it- 
self responsible for the vi- 
olence that istaking place. 

Other political figures are 
less coy. Mr Peter Robinson of 
the Democratic Unionists 
does not bother to challenge 
those finking him with the- 
encouragement : of violence. 
Mr Alan Wright of the Ulster 
Cubs makes, it -dear that 
violence is available to resist 
government policy if it cannot 
be broken any other way. 
These men are placing them- 

; selves at the ; head of -the 
segment of the -Protestant ; 
population which cares least 
about violence towards estab- 
hdied British authority- those - 
who want Ulster independent 
of both Ireland, and Britain. • 
.Jt is hardly surprising that 

• this worrij^ the more mod-' 

• crate Official TJnionists and 
their supporters;.but they have 
not mounted : much of a 
counter-attack ^o for. If they 
did, they might- lay the ground 
for serious . talks .with the 
gpvemment designed to lead 
them outof thecul-de-sac they 
are now in. no reason 
to think that the government 
will be unsympathetic. 

These events beg once again 
the question which, for: all the 
bluster, is always dodged. 
What kind : of “union** do 
unionists want? A . union in- 
volves two parties and both of 
those must wish. or feel obliged 
to " maintain it. The rest of 
Britain must wonder what sbrt 
. of union is sustained' by fire- 
bombing the homes of women 
police constables If thelink is : 
between societies dedicated to . 
constitutional politics^ then it- 
requires more, people in 
Northern Ireland to make it 
so. ' . : . 

Unionist politicians: vdll der 
fine their ideal union at the . 
..moment by saying that it is 
one imeontanimated: and un- 
diluted by. the Hillsborough 
Agreement The agreement is 
first and foremost about the 
enhancement and protection 
of peaceful politics, ftcqntain* 
a dear and expfidt guarantee 
of the- maintenance of the 
union on the terms which 
government after government 
: has endorsed: -It 1 ' offers 
opprtunities for pr^surefirom; 
north to south. for better'anti^ 
terorrist work- audit iscross- 
borderwork which counts for 

most It attempts to create 
conditions in which local poli- 
ticians can recover some of- 
- their own government: 

The present unionist stance, 
insofar ' as such a confused 
jumble of voices can be so 
described, asks the British 
government to to choose be- 
tween two criteria for 
determining the direction of 
fixture policy in -the province.: 
Should it be set by reference to 
the wishes. of the local majority 
or by reference to Parliament, 
accountable to the whole elec- 
torate? The government, has 
granted the Republic a mea- 
sure of consultation in the 
. north, sanctioned by Par- 
liament Its dedsions now 
should be operational political' 
steps to~ uphold that commit- 
ment Unionist politicians 
claim --that' the important 
decsionhasto be taken by the 
Prime Minister, but it is in fect 
one fortheiEL.Can any of them, 
find the political courage to 
search for ways to use the 
Hillsborough agreement to 
their own advantage and, in 
doing so, to ensure that it 
cannot be a include to the. 
enactment of their worst fears 
about reunification. 

The Hillsborough. Agree- 
ment always, involved risks. 
Above all, it did not promise 
any . early success. If such a 
modest measure cannot be 
defended by this govern- 
ment of all governments — . 
agains t blatantly vicious and 
illegal intimidation, then very 
little improvement of life in 
the province will be possible.. 
For a failure by the govern- 
ment to hold the line will be 
the clearest signal imaginable 
to republican terrorists that its 
determination has limits. 
There could be no worse 
moment for a change of heart- 


Bulgaria's image in the West 
has suffered conshfexable dam- 
age in recent years, damage 
which is lai$dy sdf-inflicted. 
The assoriationof ISulgarians, 
justified ® 

attempt oh the Pope’s-hfe 
years aigo,” the 
launched by the Bi^ganan, 
authorities last year ip a ssfari - 
late the coantry*s Ttiriaab 
minority- — in some cases by 
force — and the dubious repute: 
of the Bulgarian capital as a 
centre of drug^m^gfingr es- 
pionage, perhaps even tenor- 
ism, combined lb, make 
Bulgaria a symbol of much 
i|ki the West finds unaccept- 
able about the international 
activity of the Eastern bloa 
Within Easton Europe, 
however, Bulgaria had until 
recently lived a charmed life. 
Contiary to : much of the 
available evidence, it had pre- 
served a reputation for eco- 
nomic success. It had managed 
its fuel and energy resources 
with apparent efficiency. Ah 
roost alone in Eastern Europe, 
it had a developing computer 
industry. Its leaders had talked 
boldly about economic 
change, to the point of in-, 
traducing something termed 
New Economic Mecha- 
nism to increase quality and 
productivity. And its agri- 
cultural sector had emerged 
from collectivization almost 
unscathed to make Bulgaria a 
net exporter of food. _ 
Unfortunately for Bufeana, 
this reputation has bea t 
p r o gre ss i vely eroded in recent 

months. The . changed assess- 
ment of Bulgaria’s^ achieve- 
ments 'was- intimated .last 
summer in a series of critical ' 

- articles and speeches by 
w- Bulgarian leaders It was COB- 
^finaetLat last week’s Congress . 

qPfep ftjppqjfr. Qvmmn mse 
. which dwarfed from 
-die • sdf-congxmolatory . Ira- 
for more and deeper criticism 
‘ ofthe countiy’sfeilings. 

• There - can' be. little doubt 
"that this change originates in 

- Moscow — the one place .where 
Bulgaria’s image appemed un- 

. til recently to: be inviolate — 
and that ft dates from the 
. accession topower of Mikhail 
. Gorbachov,; the pastmasfer of 
criticism. The dose relation- , 

. dim that existed between the 
tiro countries and their leaders 
until Brezhnev’s death now 
sedns .at an end, . though 
' predsely why is as yet undear. . 

• ; Last year, the Soviet ambas- 
sador m Sofia gave a dnewhen 
he criticised what he saw as the 
smaD-feimer mentality of 
many Bulgarians. The power 
cuts that have beset Bulgarian 
cities for thepast year and the . 
calls for energy^savihg offer 

. another due and suggest that 
'the Soviet Union longer 
willing to give Bulgaria 
p refe ren tial treatment in such 
‘ matters. Delays " and diffi- 
culties in condudmg economic 
agreements towards tbe end of 
last you' are a further indicar 
tian that it is econonnc short- 
comings above all that have' 

incurred. Moscow’s dis- 

Not that Moscow has any. 
particular cause for satisfac- 
tion with Bulgaria’s inter-, 
national! conduct. .The 
evidence: for. Bulgarian 
involvement in the attempt on 
.the Pope’s life, inconclusive 
thou^hitwaS,reflected poorly 
on Moscow. So too did Sofia’s 
campaign against the Turkish 
minority, for which Moscow 
has pointedly offered Bulgaria 
nopuhfic support The Bulgar- 
ian. leader also showed an 
interest in maintaining dip- 
lomatic contacts with the West 
; at atime, two years ago, when 
this was unacceptable to Mos- 

The. leadership in Sofia was 
swift to pick up the signals' of 
Moscow’s displeasure, but it 
seems tp be having difficulty 
in divining exactly- What the 
Soviet Union wants of Bul- 
garia. Todor Zhivkov, the 
Communist Party leader, has 
been , vehement in criticising 
his country’s economic perfor- 
mance. He has shuffled and 
reshuffled his government of- 
ficials. And he has restructured 

- administrative bodies to undo 
in effect most of the restructur- 
ing he undertook three years 
ago. What be has not done — 
even after last week’s Congress 
r- is to step down, nor has he . 

- encouraged any of his 
septuagenarian contemporar- 
ies to step down, whidi may be 
what Moscow is driving at 

Detectives Crockett . and : 
Tubbs are back. And then 
paraphernalia. The paste* 
shades, casual jack*ls».rast 
cars, ■ soundtrack — and •;», 
^armoury of weapons to" C ^J -" 
bai and to service a despised 
drugs trade. • . 

They will deserve thar 
views by the million. Miami. 
Vice is, by any estimation, 
good television. It has p®*- h 
bone of the 

crime series effectively, to 
man y fjrtioP 0 *! narrative ana 
popular musk. As such ij- 
appeals, bow it a pp eals, to 
impressionable yomb- - 

Bui the new senes of Miami 
Vice is on later. It 
at 10pm instead of after me 
Nine. O’clock News. The BBC 
has derided to put the sows.: 
deeper into adult viewing 
hours. There will of course be 
hourehokfe where duldrenm« 
still up. There will be bo^j 
- holds where the video w*j»- 
faithfully record every 
But the corporation h» sfro^J ; 
a response to disquiet .about 
^fictional violence 
vision. Without saenfiang- a 
popular enierramiiieBt, n nas : 

made easier the 

who wish to controi W* 

children’s viewing: 

An equation is often made, 
•between violence on the screen : 
and episodes of real-life harm. 
A coroner .yesterday made 
mudi of anadokscent suicide 
and. its relationship with pic- 
tores on televiapn. Such argu- 
ment, tempting, though it is, 
leaks badly. Tt is based on 
inadequate empirical data. It 
slides responsibility from in- 
dividuals to “environments”, 
such as the' plethora of mass 
media signals and suggestions 
in which we aD live. . . . 

Where chfldren are in- 
volved, precantions are of 
course necesrary. But the task 
of guarding children against 
pitfalls, moral or otherwise, is 
- one for parents to undertake: . 
; Th^ need assistance,, to be 
sure. Guidelines about the 
timing of jwogramines, fabet 
lingof ciiiema film&rCodes fpr 
video: these are aD useful But- 
the test of whether a pro- 
gramme shown can- 
not be its siiitabHty for minors.' 

The" suitability of' Miami 
Vice for viewing' by children 
deserves discussion.; Like 
much Hollywood crime fiction 
the .series is often: staunchly 
“rndrai r : ' iflM^cK^ in: the . 
white jackets with the police 
badge (or rather the chap in the 

white jacket with the ultra- 
fashionable open neck casual 
shirt and the fight stubble and 
his black partner) triumph. 

Better, there are ambiguities. 
Questions of good and ill, and 
the best as the enemy of the 
gckkl are regularly raised all 
within tried and trusted nar- 
rative conventions, and all in 
the glamour and . glare of 
cocaine-ridden Miami Only 
the patronising a&d the sternly 
paternalist .can doubt that 
adolescents are capable of 
extracting from such fiction its 
ambiguities, and perceiving it 
for what it is — full-blooded 
youth entertainment. 

The BBC, like the Indepen- 
dent Broadcasting Authority, 
is bound by law and conven- 
tion to pay the strictest regard 
to the effects, . direct, and 
indirect of its programmes, 
including those labelled as 
mere entertainment. Both 
oiganizaiions could have done 
more than they have to study 
the nat ure .of mass media 
. effects. •' 

But neither public body has 
- been dilatory in responding to 
‘concern. Miami Kick’s new 
; timing shows that : 


Strilcing a fair deal for Scotland 


."Give England a fair deal for a 
change” (April 3) demonstrates 
just how dangerous statistics are. 
He chooses to dte expenditure per 
head of population to demonstrate 
that Scotland and Wales enjoy 

Would be like to recalculate his 
figures on the basis of miles of 
itoad in the respective countries, or 
acres of land? He might then 
discover that England suffers gross 

In the Western Isles there is sifi] 
a village which is miles from the 
nearest road, the roads themselves 
are largely single track and almost 
universally in need of resurfacing. 
Street lights outside the Stor- 
noway area are a rarity, so are 
.pavements, the two hospitals are 
’dilapidated and we await Treasury 
approval for the construction of a 
new one- The council recently had 
'to choose between dosing schools 
and “bussing" children long dis- 
tances or cutting per capita alloca- 
tions to by for the lowest level in 

How can this be, when Mr 
Fallo n tells us that Scotland gets 
loo much Treasury cash? - - 

The answer is simply that he is 
not comparing like with like. The 
Western Isles cover an enormous 
area, the distance from the Bun of 
Lewis to Barra Head is roughly the 
same as the distance from London 
to Birmingham, but the popula- 
tion is only about 30,000. 

Those people need roads, 
schools, emergency services and 
the rest of the benefits of the age. 

Of course it costs more to 
.provide them in a scattered 
community than it does in an 
.industrial centre. To quote expen- 
diture per head of population in 
an effort to prove over-provision 
is laughable. 

Mr Fallon may be right to 
question the use of rigid formulae 
by the Treasury, but he has 
certainly not demonstrated that 
’ England gets a raw deaL 
Yours sincerely, 


Managing Editor, 

Stornoway Gazette, 

10 Francis Street, 


Isle of Lewis. 

April 3. 

From Mr Peter Rendie 
Sir, Mr Michael Fallon, MP, 
(feature, April 3) bolsters a 
simplistic case for increasing 
England's share of public expen- 
:diture at the expense of Scotland. 
Wales and Northern Ireland by 
misrepresenting the nature of the 
'Treasury formula he wants to 
throw overboard. 

Unlike the long discarded 
Goscfaen formula (an ll/SOths 
share for Scotland), the “Barnett" 
'formula, as proposed by the 
Treasury in 1978, does not “give 
Scotland 10/85 of the English 
total" as Mr Fallon says. What it 

does is. in short, to adjust the 
aggregate of relevant Scottish 
expenditure programmes by JO/85 
of the adjustment, up or down, 
made to the aggregate of com- 
parable English programmes in 
the annual public expenditure 

Thus it achieves what Mr Fallon 
implies is not achieved.' When 
English “programmes are being- 
restrained or cm back". Scotland 
makes, in the 10/85 proportion, 
the contribution he seeks. 

Mr Fallon also implies that 
there is a need “for the Treasury to 
reassert its control over Scottish 
Office spending". Reassert? I am 
quite certain that the officials now 
-concerned in both the Treasury 
and the Scottish Office would wish 
to refute, as vigorously as ! would 
have done in my day. his implica- 
tion that Treasury control over 
Scottish Office expenditure is less 
rigorously asserted than it is for 
English expenditure. 

Finally, studies such as Mr 
Fallon uiges “to determine the 
real need in each territory" were 
extensively (and expensively) car- 
ried out under the lead of the 
Treasury in the run-up to intended 
devolution in 1979. The contin- 
ued use of the Barnett formula 
after these inevitably not al- 
together conclusive studies sug- 
gests an inherent robustness, 
fairness and practicability which 
counter-indicate instant 
condemnation of that formula 

The allocation of public expen- 
diture is a complicated business. I 
suggest that Mr Fallon might first 
encourage a close examination of 
the respective needs and alloca- 
tions of the different English 

For the record, I am Cornish! * 
Yours faithfully, 


(Principal Finance Officer, Scot- 
tish Office, 1978—80), 

Si Clair, 

159 Granton Road, 


April 5. 

From Mr George Stem 
Sir, In his call for a “fair deal for 
England” Michael Fallon com- 
plains that Scottish public spend- 
ing per head is now 25 per cent 
higher than England's, and that 
the Scottish GDP per head is now 
one of the highest in the UK. 

His remedy, amazingly, is not to 
call for an increase in English 
public spending to repeat the 
Scottish economic success, but 
rather to reduce Scottish public 
spending, which, on his own 
showing, would reduce Scotland 
to its former poverty. Possibly the 
Conservative slogan for the next 
election should be “strength 
through miseryT 
Yours fait hfully , 


6 Eton Court, 

Shepherds Hill, N6. 

Apnl 3. 

Hospital pressures 

From Dr J. C. Stewart 
Sir, Dr Boughton reiterates a 
common misconception in his 
letter of March 26, when be refers 
to the withdrawal of maintenance 
contracts by private equipment 
manufacturers, and suggest that 
such action forces the NHS into 
premature replacement 

It is dearly part of normal 
commercial pressure to emphasise 
the unsurprising fact that mainte- 
nance costs tend to increase 
sharply when equipment has 
reached a certain age, and a few 
will be impossible after that time. 

Attempts to withdraw a mainte- 
nance ■ service completely are, 
however, very uncommon. Al- 
most aO manufacturers accept the 
heed for continued maintenance, 
and know that their record in this 
respect will affect their sales to the 

Experience shows that each 
category of hospital equipment 
-has a probable life expectancy. 
Good equipment manageme nt in- 
volves the planned replacement of 
equipment at the point in its fife 
when maintenance costs begin to 
rise steeply and when “down- 
time" begins to increase and thus 
to damage the service that the 
equipment provides for patients. 

There is, of course, an alter- 
native approach, namely to wait 
until the equipment has irretriev- 
ably broken down, and then 
withdraw the service until a 
replacement has been chosen, 
ordered, delivered and installed. I 
hope Dr Boughton is not 
commending that approach to the 
new managers whom he addresses 
in his letter. 

Yours faithfully, 


Regional Scientific Officer, 

West Midlands Regional Health 

Arthur Thomson House, 

146 Hagiey Road. Birmingham. 

Future of Greenwich 

From the Master of Churchill 
Coliege. Cambridge 
Sir, Without wishing to enter upon 
the thorny question of the future 
of the Royal Greenwich Obser- 
vatory, 1 feel that as a scientist J 
must express my horror, dismay 
and disappointment at the phrases 
used in Dr Cube's letter which 
you published on April 2. 

I had indeed hoped that such an 
attitude of arrogance and of 
contempt for those not of their 
chosen spedality had disappeared 
from the thinking of scientists. To 
refer to the dedicated and able 
people who are so desperately 
needed to adminsier the country 
as “mere Civil Servants” is an 
insult indicating the author's total 
lack of understanding of the size 
and complexity of their tasks. 

And. Sir, wnat am I to think of 
the proposition that a distin- 
guished scientist who some 
months ago took on the chairman- 
ship of a research council is mere 
clay in the hands of his advisers? 
Yours sincerely. 


Churchill College. 


Coach chaos 

From the Parliamentary Under 
Secretary of State, Department of 

Sir, Michael Sissons (March 26) 
wrote about tourist coaches as an 
omen of spring. That day we 
published a report on parking 
facilities, short and longer term 
{Touring Coaches in London) 
which looks at ways of improving 
arrangements for tourist traffic. 
New ideas are being tried out this 
summer. We shall see how they 
work. Views will be welcome. 
Yours faithfully, 

Department of Transport. 

2 Mareham Street, SW1. 

Punishment for 
child offences . 

From Mr J. Steele 
Sir, For the last week your 
columns have recorded the heart- 
rending story of the ten-year-old 
girl who has apparently been 
abducted. Yet another case of this 
son evokes sympathy for her poor 
parents, the fears of parents for 
their own children and impotent 
anger that these crimes against 
children have become so com- 

On issues of crime and punish- 
ment MPs of all parties are apt to 
dismiss calls for more severe 
sentences by saying that the 
detection rate is the factor that 
limits deterrence, it seems ob- 
vious to me. and no doubt to most 
ordinary people, that criminals are 
deterred by a combination of the 
fear of being caught and the 
severity of the punishment pre- 

For example, a child murderer 
might be deterred more effectively 
by a 20 per cent chance of being 
hanged than by a 50 per cent 
chance of being imprisoned for a 
few yearn. 

At this point in the argument 
our conscience-stricken legislators 
recoil at the possibility of the 
wrong person being hanged and 
the fact that such a dreadful 
mistake would be irreversible. 

This is indeed a risk, but against 
it must be balanced the alternate 
risk: that for lack of effective 
deterrence the abduction, rape and 
murder of children will continue 
at the present raze. If the decision 
were mine I know which risk my 
conscience would choose to take. 
Yours faithfully, 


8A Dements Road, 


April 2. 

Loans to students 

From Mr Jonathan D. Peacock 
Sir, In response to Maureen 
WoodhaiFs article (April 2), I feel 
there is an issue — little discussed 
— which represents a considerable 
hole in the argument for student 

As students face large debts on 
leaving college, such a scheme 
would lead to them concentrating 
on those subjects which directly 
lead to the most lucrative short- 
term employment prospects. 
While this concentration on 
education for the “real world" of 
the labour market is desirable to a 
certain degree, too much . 
concentration will lead to a crude 
following of the latest trends in 

Thus while The Government 
may desire to encourage graduates 
into the area in which they are 
most needed, loans will only, 
encourage college-leavers into, the 
area of highest reward. If a system 
of loans were in . operation at the 
moment we would probably see 
college-leavers going into the 
"service" industries, thus delib- 
erately shunning the areas where 
they are currently most needed — 
engineering and teaching for 

Student loans represent the 
•‘market" in its purest form — a 
mechanism which is certain to 
have disastrous results until the 
areas into which we wish to see 
more graduates going are also the 
most attractive in terms of so- 
called “signing-on" fees, salaries, 
and pensions. This will perhaps 
only come about in this country 
when we have a more fluid labour 

Yours faithfully, 


5 Shilton Garth Dose, 

Old Eaiswick, 


April 2. 

Laud Rover bid 

From Mr D. R. G. Andrews 
Sir, I am writing to correct the 
statement made by Mr Noel 
Falconer in bis letter on Land 
Rover (April 3). The facts of the 
management-employee buy-out 
initiative arc these. It involves all 
10,000 employees in Land Rover 
UK Ltd, not just five. Six of the 
most senior managers arc ex- 
pected to put up substantia] risk 
' capital for this initiative. 

A further 35 managers arc also 
willing to invest relatively signifi- 
cant personal sums in the venture. 
Unity Trust, half owned by the 
Co-operative Bank and half by 40 
trades unions, has proposed that it 
subscribes initially the portion of 
equity required for employee 
participation and hold it in trust 
on their behalf. The buy-out 
consortium has welcomed this 
imaginative proposal. 

Yours faithfully. . 


Ga infold. 

Mill Lane. 

Gerrards Cross. 


April 3. 

Radio policies 

From the Director General of the 
Independent Broadcasting Author- 

Sir, Mr Norman Bihon (March 3 1 ) 
makes the charge that the In- 
dependent Broadcasting Author- 
ity is pursuing policies to destroy 
the very radio system it created. 
His case is based on a number of 
clear inaccuracies and omits sev- 
eral important and relevant facts. 

The IBA does not deploy an 
“army of 1,500" on ff.R. That 
figure is the total staff employed 
on both television and radio 
responsibilities. Radio represents 
only a small proportion of this. 

The. IBA has no “increase in 
senior salaries of 1 1 per cent due 
next month". The figure is 
approximately 2 per cent In an 
effort to relieve the considerable 

financial pressures ILR stations 
have been facing in common with 
other small or medium sized 
businesses, the IBA thoroughly 
reviewed its operating costs in 
1984/5 and reduced rentals by 10 

The IBA suffers from no illu- 
sions of grandeur in its plans for 
an Independent National Radio. 
It believes (a view shared by many 

though not all in ILR) that this 
could provide a national spine to 
strengthen the local stations. 

Mr Bilion’s reference to regional 
radio presumably refers to the 
encouragement the IBA has given 
to local plans to group together to 
share overheads while preserving 
the local identity of programming. 

The rental which Wyvera pay 
the IBA represents 7 per cent of 
Wy vent's annual costs and is for 
its four transmitters. The IBA has 

not charged rent increases allowed 
under its contracts with ILR 
companies and currently receives 
31 per cent less rental from 
Wyvem than it is entitled to 

Mr Bilton does not record that 
Radio Wyvern's annual advertis- 
ing revenue in 1985 ran at £1.05 
per head of population compared 
to the ILR revenue average of 
£1.42. Nor does be mention that 
Radio Wyvern's solution to 
attracting more revenue was to ask 
the IBA to arrange for them to 
invade a neighbouring station's 
area with their transmissions. The 
IBA declined to do so. 

Yours faithfully. 


Director General, 

Independent Broadcasting 

70 Brampton Road. SW3. 

APRIL 10 1810 

In the struggle for parliamentary 

reform, freedom of c§mch and 

liberty of the subject. Sir Francis 
Burdett (1770-1844) u rarefy 
mentioned in hutory books. Yet 
this man for 30 yean held the settt 
of Westminster as a radical. 

earning the nickname 
"Westminster’s pride". Hat 
collision with the Commons arose 
from the imprisonment of the 
radical orator, John Gale Jones. 

Burdett denounced the 
proceedings in the House and 
reprinted his speech as a 
pamphlet, an act which was ooted 
a breach of privilege, leading to his 
extraordinary arrest. 


The warrant of the SPEAKER 
of the House of Commons, for the 
committal of the Hon. Baronet to 
the Tower, in consequence of the 
vote of the House on Friday 
morning last, was at last carried 
into effect yesterday morning. 

The avowed determination of 
the Hon. Baronet, not only to 
refuse a voluntary surrender to the 
SPEAKER'S warrant, but to resist 
it forcibly, and the measure of 
barricading his doors, induced the 
Serjeant at Arms to consult the 
Law Officers of the Crown for legal 
advice, whether he might use force 
for carrying the warrant into effect. - 
His Majesty's ATTORNEY and 
to have given their opinions, that 
the use of force was justifiable . . . 

Accordingly, at a little before 11 
o’clock yesterday morning, the 
Serjeant at Arms, accompanied by 
messengers, police officers, and a 
large military force broke into the 
house of Sir FRANCIS, in 

A strong body of horse kept the 
street clear on both sides of the 
Baronet's house. Mr. READ, the 
Police Magistrate, Toumshend and 
Oddy, two of the Bow-street 
Officers, and a party of the patrole, 
accompanied the Serjeant at Arms. 
It is said, that the Officers, finding 
the hall door of Sir FRANCIS’S 
barricaded, one of them ascended 
by a ladder to one of the drawing- 
room windows, raised the sash, and 
was about to enter; but a Gentle- 
man on the inside, who was at 
breakfast with Sir FRANCIS, 
instantly shut it down, and op- 
posed the entrance of the officer. 
Foiled in this attempt, the police 
officers got down the front area, 
either by a ladder or by forcing the 
area gate, and with iron crows 
broke open the area door . . . Some 
of the Foot Guards took possession 
of the hall, while the Serjeant and 
the officers were proceeding up 
stairs, when they met the Baronet; 
and the following is given as the 
substance of, the conversation 
which took' place:' 

The SERJEANT.— Sir Franca, you 
are my prisoner. 

Sir FRANCIS.— By what right. Sir. 
have you forced an entrance into my 
house, in violation of the law of .the 

The SERJEANT.— Sir Francis. I am 
required to arrest you under the 
authority of this warrant. 

Sir FRANCIS.-Sir, 1 again ask you 
to exhibit to me the law that authorised 
you to break into my house? 

The SERJEANT.— My authority is in 
any hand. It is a warrant signed by the 
Speaker of the House of Commons. 

Sir FRANCIS.-Sir. 1 tell you that 
warrant. 1 know it to be illegal It does 
not justify you in securing my peraoo in 
the open street, much less in breaking 
open my bouse. 

The SERJEANT.— I am justified in 
believing the 'Warrant of the Speaker, 
authorised by a vote of the Com room , to 
be a legal instrument, and 1 require you 
to surrender yourself to me in virtue of 

Sir FRANCIS.— Sir, do you d emand 
me in the name of the King? In that c 
I am prepared tn obey. 

The SERJEANT.-No. Sin I repeat 
that 1 demand you in the name and by 
the authority of the Commons of 

Sir FRANCIS.— Sir. I deny that they 
have die power, and f desire you to take 
notice, that I consider the law of the 
land as violated in my person, and that 1 
am taken from my house by an unlawful 
force . . . 

Sir FRANCIS, his brother, Mr. 
CLEMENTSON. the Deputy Ser- 
jeant at Arms, and Mr. WRIGHT, 
entered the carriage, which imme- 
diately proceeded, escorted by the 
cavalry, up Albemarle-etreet, 
across Bond-street, through Great 
Portiand-stxeet, the New-road and 
fay that circuitous route to the 
Tower. This arrangement was 
judiciously enough made, in order 
to escape the immense crowd 
which a direct way through West- 
minster end London would inev- 
itably have collected. Nevertheless, 
a multitude of many thousands 

followed, which increased until the 
Baronet, with his guard, arrived at 
Tower-hill, where a crowd still 
more numerous awaited his arrival, 
and where also a strong military 
force was drawn up, as well as on 
the ramparts of the fortress. The 
procession arrived at the Tower at 
half-past twelve; and two battalion 
of Guards, which had previously 
marched from Piccadilly, through 
the Strand, Cheapside &c. had 
arrived about twelve cm Tower-hilL 
and took post in front of the 
principal entrances. 

On the entrance of Sir FRAN- 
CIS into the Tower, some guns 
were fired from the ramparts, as is 
usual on such occasions, which 
gave rise to an alarming report, 
that they were firing grape-shot 
upon the multitude . 

Hard to swallow 

Front Dr Margaret Steam 
Sir. Caroline Waldegrave {Times 
Cook. April 5) is right: we working 
mothers have no time for fussy 
food and do prefer exceptionally 
straightforward recipes. In spite of 
this, my standards occasionally 
slip below hers and (just recently) I 
haven't been boning my guests* 

Yours faithfully. 


39 Southfield Road. 


April 5. 

- ---i 


April 10, 1986 

By Lucy Hodges 

Education Correspondent 




Nine schemes that put 
hi tech on the shop floor 

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Dr Basil Weedon, university vice-chancellor and portrait of Nottingham's Jesse Boot, and Professor Nigel Corlett of production engineering 

and production management with robot 

The Government's Green Paper 
on higher education may have 
been reviled by most academics in 
most universities but it was met 
with undisguised pleasure by 
Nottingham's engineering faculty. 
It has been doing for a long time 
what the Government recom- 
mended — building close links 
with industry, equipping under- 
graduates with marketable skills. ■ 

Professor Peter Pell, dean of the 
faculty and professor of civil 
engineering, says: "Some of us are 
slightly amused by the feet that 
politicians and others recently 
seem to have discovered some- 
thing called links with industry. If 
you don't have these links, it's like 
trying to teach medical students 
without a teaching hospital.” 

The close relationship with 
industry underpins the faculty's 
work. Professor Nigel Corlett, 
professor of production engineer- 
ing and production management, 
says there is a mutual interest. 
Industry needs to develop its 
capacities to become more com- 
petitive and engineering students 

need to' know about ihe current 
state of competition. 

Professor Coriefl has four teach- 
ing companies established be- 
tween his department and 
industry. Altogether there are nine 
such company schemes in and 
'around ' the engineering faculty.. 

These are joint schemes whereby 
the university hires a team of 
graduate engineers or scientists to . 
work on problems _ of the 
company's choosing in industrial 
conditions. The team is tutored 
where necessary •• by the 

This is a means of transferring 
advances in technological devel- 
opment made by the university 
direct to the shop floor. One 
teaching company, Tl-Cbx, makes 
motor vehicle seats and is trying to 
compete with the Japanese. Five 
assistants have been hired 

Another — and perhaps more 
controversial — way of developing 
the close links with industry is by 
academics becoming involved in 
an enterprise themselves. This has 
happened in civil engineering 

F ounded by Royal Charter 
in 1948. Nottingham was 
Britain's first new univer- 
sity after the Second 
World War. There had for a long 
time been on the site a university 
college on the site which had been 
teaching external London degrees. 

This had in itself been some 
achievement because it had been 
established in 1881 by the bur- 
ghers of Nottingham. For local 
people to decide to build and 
develop an institute of higher 
education was unprecedented. 

According to Dr Basil Weedon. 
the university’s vice-chancellor, it 
meant that there were links with 
the local community from the 
earliest days and a solid commit- 
ment to adult education. Hugh 
Gaitskeil taught adults at the 
university college before the last 
war. and D. H. Lawrence was one 
of the university's most illustri- 
ous. if awkward, alumni. 

Nottingham was the first uni- 
versity to have a department of 
adult education and the first to 

e centre for the people 

inaugurate a chair of education. It 
has 1 5.000 adults a year on short 

After the First World War came 
the hig move to a proper campus 
three miles outside the centre of 
Nottingham thanks to the gener- 
osity of Sir Jesse Bool. later Lord 
Trent and founder of the Boots 
company. The university, now 
with nearly 7.000 students, is still 
on this site though much bigger in 

It is a middle-sized university 
with a spread of seven faculties 
which, despite the commitment to 
adults, exists primarily to teach 
school leavers. It is. however, in 
common with other universities, 
becoming more involved in what 
is known as continuing education 
— updating adults and giving them 
professional qualifications. 

Last month Sir Keith Joseph, 
Secretary of State for Education 
and Science, visited the campus to 
launch a management develop- 
ment project for adults. Notting- 
ham has a grant from the 

Government's Professional Indus- 
trial and Commercial Updating 
Programme (PICKUP). 

The university has a higher 
proportion — 59 per cent — of 
science students than any other 
university, reflecting its early ori- 
gins as an institution serving the 
people and industry of Notting- 

A large slice of its research 
income comes from industry — 
about £1.5 million of the annual 
£6.9 million — and the university 
is holding three open days to show 
how the work of the university 
relates to industry. 

These are being held on April 25 
and 26 on the main campus, and 
on April 28 at Sutton Bonningion, 
where the agricultural science 
faculty is housed, and they mark 
Industry Year locally. 

There are historic close links 
with Boots, the chemists. Allied 
Lyons and other companies. 

The National Coal Board has a 
close association with the mining 
engineering department and the 

current university chancellor is Sir 
Gordon Hobday, a former chair- 
man of Boots and Lord Lieutenant 
of Nottinghamshire. The universi- 
ty has established nine teaching 

The 1981 spending cuts affected 
Nottingham less badly than some 
universities. There was an 1 1 per 
cent reduction over three years in 
real terms and the university 
responded by reducing the num- 
ber of staff by 80 through natural 
wastage and early retirement 

S ince then, however, the 
university has been busy 
restructuring and attract- 
ing funds under the 
Government's “new blood” 
scheme for new appointments. 
This has enabled it to recoup most 
of the cuts it suffered in 1981, 
although not in the same places. 

Dr Weedon said the faculty of 
engineering emerged stronger than 
it had been because of this. 
Nottingham received a total of 20 
new “blood” posts plus one 

information technology post The 
new “blood money” went to create 
six new jobs in engineering, four in 
agricultural science, seven in sci- 
ence, two in the social science and 
one in the arts. The university 
receives £429,000 extra a year as a 

The 1981 letter from the Uni- 
versity Grants Committee to Not- 
tingham said the university had to 
contract by 6.3 per cent This 
represented a cut of 370 in home 
students (medicine was excluded 
because, as a new department, it 
was still growing). But this reduc- 
tion in numbers has been eased, 
and die university took an extra 
1 06 students in each of the last two 
years, without extra funds in 
response to the pressure of 

Dr Weedon was sad that the 
UGC letter insisted on a cut in the 
social sciences because he said the 
faculty also included economics, 
pyschology and industrial eco- 

The UGC bad also told Notting- 

ham, the home of Boots, to cut 
pharmacy but the university ar- 
gued its way out of this. 

Many of Nottingham's 7,000 
students live on the campus in 
halls of residence close by the 
academic and administrative 

There are 14 halls and they are 
possible the closest any redbrick 
university comes to the Oxbridge 
college system. Most are single sex 
and the social life of the university 
lends to revolve around them. 

A total of 3.000 students live in . 
hall and all first-year students are 
guaranteed a plat* in one. - 

Nottingham has done its best to 
attract overseas students to try to 
boost its income: it has students 
from Hong Kong to do courses in 
education as well as a group of 
Algerians on a planning course: 
Like many other universities it 
had to go to Hong Kong to recruit 
the Chinese students. Change 
came hard and fast, but Dr 
Weedon said the university coped 
welL - 

Another teaching company is 
getting going in reinforced plastics 
in the department of mechanical 
engineering. Professor Michael 
Owen, professor of mechanical 
engineering, says: “Unless aca- 
demics make the transition be- 
tween research laboratories and 
industry, the work done in the 
research labs is not going to be 
sellable to industry.” 

Professor Owen’s department 
has bad a special relationship with 
the Ford Motor Company sitf; 
the firm first became a sponsor in 
1962. This has produced research 
mainl y concerned with reinforced 
plastics and engines, and the 
university's researchers have been 
investigating, for example, mould- 
ed car engine parts. 

In the field of robotics there are 

two major projects: the develop- 
ment of sensors using ultrasonics 

meat of sensors using ultrasonics 
instead of video cameras; and the 
use of robots as machines rather 
than as handling systems. The 
latter enables a project to be 
supervised and maniputeted on 
screen. The technique is being 
used in the cutting of crystal 
glassware, . 

There are eight departments in 
the faculty and all the courses have 

been Tesmictured in recent yea** 

to tho ovnmniMiHfthnnt >, J 

to meet the recommendations V 
the Fmniston Committee and foe 
Engineering Council. The faculty 
won six “new blood” posts and 
was awarded money under the 
Government's' scheme to . shift 
students from' arts to science. 



► development sites 

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where Professor PeB was 
preached by foe international form 
of consultants, Scott W%on Kirk- 
patrick. because of bis expertise in 
road and pavement engineering. 

To begin with a teaching com- 
pany was formed to apply foe 
university’s technology io busi- 
ness. Since then Professor Pdl and 
the company have set up a 
separate company, a small consul- 
tancy called SWK Pavement Engi- 
neering, in foe city’s science park: 
It is owned jointly by Scott Wilson 
Kirkpatrick, by the university and 
by one of Professor Fell's col- 

The company has been going for 
less than a year and has already 
been given jobs to do. EvaluaK^n, 
for example, of foe runways and 
taxi ways of Heathrow airport,_and 
assessing how soon and what sort 
of maintenance is to be carried 

, ' in; 


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Scientific approach to 
feeding the world 

The school of agriculture is set 
apan from the university, at 
Sutton Bonnington, 12 miles 
from the main campus. Origi- 
nally the Midlands College of 
Agriculture, it has a strong 
international reputation with 
“commitment to research in 
j!® Third World, and close 
links with industry. 

There are three departments 
wiUnn tiie faculty of agricul- 
-uiral science: .agriculture and 
horticulture, physiology and 
environmental science and 
applied biochemistry and food 
science. Students, of whom 
there are 117 a year. a 
inree-year degree course with 
a common first year. There is 
a strong emphasis on science 
ut their course with increased 
specialization in the areas of 
plant and. crop production, 
animal physiology, and envi- 
ronmental and food science. 

The school has-80 postgrad- 
uate students and research 
spans a "broad range of sub- 
jects. One of them is a project 
funded by the Overseas De- 
velopment Administration to 

Crucial differences 
in crop varieties 

study the effects of environ- 
mental factors on the produc- 
tion of millet, groundnut and 
sorghum (tropical - cereal 

It is directed by Professor 
JJ_ Monteith, a Fellow of the 
Royal Society. 

This is particularly topical 
work, given, the drought and 
famine of the past few years, 
which has highlighted the 
devastating combined effect 
of erratic rainfall and high 
temperatures on food produc- 
tion. Ten years ago a multi- 
disciplinary team of a 
microclimatologist, two crop 
physiologists, a soil scientist, 
an electronics engineer and 
two technicians begin work at 
Sutton Bonnington. - 

They had their own green- 
houses in which crops could 
be grown under tropical con- 
ditions. but their brief was to 
work closely with crop physi- 
ologists at the International 
Crops Research Institute for 
the Semi- Arid Tropics 
(ICR! SAT) near Hyderabad in 
India. Field experiments were 
carried out at ICRISAT, and 
specific questions arising from 

these were studied at Sutton 

Early on attention focussed 
on the importance of high 
temperatures and limited wa- 
ter supply as fectors restricting 
production of crops. Work in 
the glasshouses established the 
relationship between tempera- 
ture and the rate of crop 
development, pinpointing a 
minimum, optimum and 
maximum temperature be- 
yond which development 

But there were Important 
differences between' crop vari- 
eties and the scientists were 
able to select those which did 
well at high temperatures. 
They have developed several 
lines' of sorghum - which are 
able to withstand high tem- 
peratures. The ODA unit be- 
lieves that this is because they 
have larger root systems in 
relation to the size of their 
shoots above ground. These 
strong plants are also able to 
roll their leaves- to ensure 
minimum exposure to the 

Another line of research, 
funded with £130,000 from 
the European Economic Com- 
munity and the Department 
of the Environment, concerns 
atmospheric pollution. Direct- 
ed by Jeremy. Coils,- h is 
examining how a field crop 
reacts to air pollution. The 
object essentially is to remove 
pollution from the air and 
pass clean air over the crop 
and see how. the ordinary 
■atmosphere depresses growth. 

Scientists in the faculty are 
interested in modifying the 
morphology of certain crops, 
in : particular peas and beans. 
There is'an overgrowth of 
cereals so alternative crops are 
popular. Pan] Hebblelh waite 
is concerned with estimating 
the value of “leafless peas” 
and beans with a determinate 
field habit 

In the areas of . animal 
physiology and applied bio- 
chemistry the faculty has one 
Agriculture and Food. Coun- 
cil-linked group.- This was 
formed last year between the 
university and the Animal and 
Grassland Research Institute 
ax Henley to investigate the 
fectors controlling the growth 
of cattle-fed forage. 

. A major AFRO grant of 
more than £1 million has been 
awarded under the heading of 
“hormones and farm animal 

reproduction”. Professor G.E. 
Lamming, who is directing 
this research, is looking at 
endocrine changes associated 
with the mechanism of early 
pregnancy in cows. The object 
is to see whether defects in 
these mechanisms are respon- 
sible for the high rate of early 
miscarriages in cows. 

An in vitro group has been 
established to investigate 
ovarian development and 
function at the cellular level in 
sheep, pigs and cattle and thus 
.extend endocrinological stud- 
ies carried out in vivo. 

A particularly important 
facet of the faculty’s work is 
the food science department 
in which research is centred 
on protein and polysaccharide 
interactions in the determina- 
tion of food growth. 

Dr Don Grierson and his 
team are investigating the 
triggering of the complex cas- 
cade of events which torn a 
hard green tomato into some- 
thing soft, red and mouth- 

Funded with a grant from 

Mining work is 
funded by NCB 

the Science and Engineering 
Research Council Biotechnol- 
ogy Directorate, the research 
will suggest new ways in which 
ripening can be manipulated. 
In the longer term, it will also 
provide a better understand- 
ing of plant gene expression 
which is important not only in 
fruit ripening but also in many 
other areas of food 

Professor Dick Whittington 
and his colleagues are carrying 
out research into the restora- 
tion of opencast coal mine 
sites and the reclamation of 
colliery spoil and stone quar- 
ries. The coal mining work is 
funded by the National Coal 
Board and some of the re- 
search has concentrated on 
earthworms which are known 
to be important to soil fertility 
and soil development 

The stone quarxy reclama- 
tion project is sponsored by 
Amey Roadstone Corporation 
for a period of four years. A 
quarry is being reclaimed in 
the Welsh border lands 
through growing wild plant 
species rather thin trees. This 
has proved successful 



Lasers throw 
a new light 


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i l r i I f t 

Nottingham’s science faculty 
is the largest in the university 
and arguably one of the most 
distinguished academically. It 
has 2.000 undergraduates and 
about 250 postgraduates, most 
of whom are involved in 
research for higher degrees. 

Professor Ted Cocking is 
dean of the faculty as well as 
head of the botany depart- 
ment. which has a plant 
genetic manipulation group. 
Representing one of the most 
exciting and rapidly develop- 
ing areas in science, the unit is 
funded by the Science and 
Engineering Research Coun- 
cil. the EEC. the Rockefeller 
Foundation for work in rice, 
the British Technolog> 
Group. Leverhulme Trust, the 
Overseas Development Ad- 
ministration and industry. 

The group has recently 
formed a unit for flow 
cylometiy in a joint venture 
with the British Technology 
Group and this will be in- 
volved in the application of 
fluorescence activated cell 
sorting for plant 

It will enable plant breeders 
to collaborate with the univer- 
sity to keep Britain in the 
forefront of new cell fusion 
and tissue culture procedures 
for crop improvement. 
Nottingham's group has been 
the first in the world to 
produce a range of new hybrid 
plants by plant protoplast 

I ■' % 

■ . •/'“ • • v -a 

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T^an nm g front plants and annuals: Prof WJ. Whittington (topXof agricultural botany, ex- 
amining cotton plants; Dr Will Haresign (centre), lecturer in sheep prodnetiom and Prof Ted 

Cocking, dean of science faculty 

All this work comes under 
the heading of biotechnology 
and is carried out in conjunc- 
tion with other faculties. A 
biotechnology group has been 
formed with Professor Cock- 
ing as chairman, drawing to- 
gether the faculties of science, 
engineering, medicine and 

The university has a flour- 
ishing department of pharma- 
cy. saved from the UGCs axe 
at the eleventh hour, which 
has common thread links with 
other departments in the 

Research in the pharmaceu- 
tical sciences is directed to- 
wards extending our 
knowledge of disease process- 
es and the mechanisms by 
which drugs act to cure or 
prevent disease and mental 
disorders. The design of phar- 

maceutical agents incorpo- 
rates a number of stages 
including the study of the 
molecular basis of drug action. 

With more than 350 under- 
graduates and 100 research 
workers, the chemistry depart- 
ment engages in long-term 
fundamental research as well 
as applied work with industri- 
al companies. In the former 
category, the university is 
famous for its work on lasers. 

The chemistry department 
uses lasers to understand how 
chemical reactions occur. 
There have been detailed in- 
vestigations, for example, in 
the laboratory of unusual 
molecules and ions, some of 
which have been detected in 
Halley's Comet. Scientists 
have also been examining the 
way that simple molecules, 
such as water, are destroyed 
by ultra-violet light. This is 
important in understanding 
atmospheric chemistry and 

Laser work also includes 
finding out the pathways of 
speed of catalytic reactions in 

A first in new 
hybrid plants 

solution, which is relevant to 
the chemical industry. All this 
work has attracted worldwide 
interest and has been support- 
ed by the research councils, 
industry 3nd the EEC to the 
extent of £750.000 during the 
past few years. 

Within the psychology de- 
partment is Nottingham's 
Child Development Research 
unit with its dual research and 
training function. It is run by 
John and Elizabeth Newson 
who have established a repu- 
tation for their long-term lon- 
gitudinal study of child- 
rearing and child 
development. This involves 
interviewing parents in their 
own homes and observing 
children at play. 

Bui the unit also helps the 
parents of children who are 
developing anomalously or 
who are handicapped. 

Arising from the longitudi- 
nal study, the unit is collabo- 
rating with a research team 
from the University of Leso- 
tho to document the upbring- 
ing of one-year-old children in 
a different culture. 


The Nation^ Coal Board are 
developing a high- vohiine low-cost 
mining industry. 

In-depth research ensures that we 
stay in the forefront of international 
coal mining technology. 

An example is this cycloconverter 
drive system for underground 

This research is assisted by 
projects carried out at Britain's 

There is a traditional close link 
between the NOB’S Technical 
Department, who operate the world s 

leading mining research establishment 
at Stanhope Bretby in the Midlands, 
and Nottingham University, located in 
the heart of a coalfield. 

Joint research projects sponsored 
by the NCB, include the development 
of systems for micro-computer based 
mine planning, strata control and 
underground ventilation. 

This continuing research liaison 
assists the NCB’s strategy to produce 
low-cost coal and the university's 
involvement with a major national 

National Coal Board 

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Now in iheirthird year at Noningham 
MO University, Plessey digital PABXs are playing a 

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0 Our 2,000 and 300 line 

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With 5,000 phones in several locations, that's no little 

Because the system is all-digital, ether Plessey 
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from work-station to work-station via digital switches, both 
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No wonder Plessey Communication Systems finds 
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91 Pioneers survive unhealthy cuts 

Bringing business to academia: John Webb, industrial liaison officer, at Highfieids Science Park 

Strong link with industry 

Nottingham University is no 
newcomer to industrial liai- 
son. h has had an industrial 
liaison office since 1969 and 
the current industrial liaison 
officer. John Webb, has been 
in the post for the past two 
years, in addition. Highfieids 
Science Park has opened re- 
cently on the university’s 
doorstep, providing opportu- 
nities for industry to capitalize 
on the academics' know-how. 

The industrial liaison office 
takes a low profile. It is there 
to introduce the inquiring 
industrialist to the appropri- 
ate academic or the inquisi- 
tive academic to the right 
industrialist, but thereafter the 
intention is to intervene as 
little as possible. 

In addition there is a busi- 
ness manager's office whose 

prime concern is to help 
academics with copyright and 
contracts when they come to 
do business with the outside 
world. Mr Webb is also in 
charge of the university's in- 
volvement in the science park. 

Nottingham's Science Park 
is new. It is the brainchild of 
Nottingham City Council and 
ii opened to its first tenant in 
December 1984. The universi- 
ty has put no money into it. 
but some of its academics are 
involved in companies which 
have been established in the 
park. The university's facili- 
ties are available for use by the 
park’s tenants. 

The building, erected beside 
the university, was put up and 
paid for by the city council at a 
cost of £1.25 million. There 
are 14 units varying from 

1 .000 to 5.000 sq ft and all but 
one are now occupied. 

The companies in residence 
are mainly associated with 
electronics, computing and 
software and four of them 
have strong links with the 
university. Mr Webb says the 
park has been a success and 
that the university has acted as 
a honeypot attracting people 
to the site. 

The companies with univer- 
sity links include BYG Sys- 
tems Ltd who sell robot 
simulation software and have 
sprung out of people who 
work in production engineer- 
ing at the university. Warwick 
instruments manufactures 
electronic medical instru- 
ments and have produced a 
printed circuit board manu- 
facturing facility. This came 

out of the medical faculty 
workshop where Warwick Ad- 
ams used to be one of the 

Hasp (Europe) Ltd makes 
computer systems for survey- 
ing and land management and 
is run by a former graduate 
who has a dose relationship 
with Professor Thomas 
Aikinsom. professor of min- 
ing engineering. The fourth 
company is SWK Pavement 
Engineering Ltd which has 
close links with the depart- 
ment of civil engineering. 

The park has found it easy 
to attract computer compa- 
nies to the site but is keen to 
establish a biotechnology 
company in the second phase. 
This will be a lot more 
difficult because it is much 
more expensive to set up. 

i The first school of medicine to 
i be established in the United 
Kingdom this century was at 
Nottingham University. Ev- 
erything was built from 
scratch in IS years, but the 
new hospital and medical 
school bad the misfortune to 
come into being in the 1970s 
when the cold wind of finan- 
cial stringency was beginning 
to blow. 

The Queen's Medical Cen- 
tre. of which the medical 
school is an important pan. 
has never really known a time 
without financial hardship. 
But because it was conceived 
as a pioneering institution 
designed to change the face of 
medical education, it has 
.made its mark. 

It has also substantially 
upgraded the health care of the 
East Midlands, which in the 
1960s was 30 per cent below 
the national average in consul- 
tant staff. 

The University of Notting- 
ham had always wanted a 
medical faculty and the 
Queen’s Medical Centre was 
sparked off by a National 
Health Service proposal in 
1962 for a new district general 
hospital in the city. 

It was a joint venture from 
the beginning between the 
university and the NHS, and 
as such was unique. 

The Queen's Medical Cen- 
tre includes Nottingham Hos- 
pital with 1,300 beds, the 
medical school, the Notting- 
ham School of Nursing and 
the Nottinghamshire School 
of Radiography. 

Now 140 medically quali- 

fied men and women are 
trained each year and given 
the kind of integrated educa- 
tion recommended by Sir 
George Pickering's medical 
school advisory committee. 

Medical students are taught 
community as well as hospital 
based aspects of medicine in 
what is the shortest clinical 
course in Great Britain. 

It lasts five years and in- 
cludes an honours year for all 
. students. Within this tight 
timetable all students spend 
one month being taught about 
all aspects of care of the 
elderly. Many medical stu- 
dents in Britain still get little 
training of this kind. 

Mental handicap is a central 
part of the curriculum and 
Nottingham has established 

Medical students 
are taught 
community and 
hospital aspects 

the second academic depart-, 
ment of studies into mental 
handicap in the country. 

According to Professor Tom 
Airy, professor of health care 
of the elderly, the bulk of the 
school's students want to be 
GPs. They come to a medical 
faculty aimed at the needs of 
the community, and con- 
cerned with the commonplace 
and lowest-prestfge areas of 

Professor Tom Fentem, 
professor of physiology, says 
that the attitude of Notting- 


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knows, some excellent programmes events, issues and controversies that 
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r . 4 

Nuclear science: Prof Peter Mansfield with magnetic body scanner 

Clearer image of the human body 

Physicists at Nottingham Uni- 
versity are making important 
breakthroughs in medical im- 
aging by nuclear magnetic 
resonance. This enables med- 
ics to look inside the human 
body and use the techniques 
pioneered at Nottingham as a 
supplementary aid to 

The technique is particular- 
ly useful for coronary artery 
disease, tumours and congeni- 
tal heart abnormalities in 
babies. The man behind its 
development is Professor Pe- 
ter Mansfield who first de- 
scribed medical imaging by 
nuclear magnetic resonance in 
1973. He has won internation- 
al recognition from the Society 
of Magnetic Resonance in 
Medicine and has a Royal 
Society Wellcome Foundation 

Since the early 1970s he and 
his team, who have attracted 
more than £1 million in funds 
from the Department of 
Health and Social Security 
and the Medical Research 
Co unci L have been experi- 
menting with a machine to 
increase the speed of imaging. 
This would make the applica- 
tion of the technique much 
more economical because 
many more patients would be 
dealt with in a day. 

Professor Mansfield be- 

lieves that the economics of 
imaging would then become 
realistic. It is already possible 
to produce images rapidly 
enough for them to be made 
into real-time cine film, 
though die resolution is not yet 
as good as that of still images. 

The main advantage of 
NMR over other techniques 
for clinical investigation is 
that it does not carry any 
hazards. It does not need 
injections, the passage of 
tubes, nor does it rely on X- 

NMR images are different 
from those produced by X- 
irradiation and ultrasound, 
which effectively create a two- 
dimensional shadow, depend- 
ing on the absorptive 
properties of the tissues. 
NMR signals,. on the other 
hand, depend on the nuclei 
present and their physio- 
chemical environment. 

Bone does not get in the way 
of NMR images, making the 
technique especially useful for 
imaging the brain, spinal and 
pelvic organs. Tumours can be 
localized by NMR because the 
chemical environment of the 
nuclei in the tumour is differ- 
ent from that in normal tissue 

And. unlike other methods, 
NMR images can be created in 
different planes, enabling the 
size and extent of tumours to 

Dedicated to medical 
research and 

postgraduate medical 


congratulate the 
University of 
Nottingham on their 
outstanding medical, 
scientific and social 





The East Midlands Conference Centre, owned by The 
University of Nottingham and situated or the am pus itself, is aptly 
located After all. we can teach other conference centres a thing 
or cwo and with our extensive facilities, we’re well qualified to 
organise all kinds of events. 

If you’d filce to learn more contact Edmund 
SUcer, East Midlands Conference Centre, University Park, 
Nottingham NG7 2RJ. Telephone: 0602 586565. 


' ur# m [ a ji rr. 


r^ltre 'sA'”' 



* Five specialist bookshops stocking over 28,000 

The General and Humanities Bookshop 
The Social Sciences bookshop 
The Science and Engineering Bookshop 
(all on the main campus) 

The School of Agriculture Bookshop 
Queen’s Medical Centre Bookshop 

* On-line access to a computer bookfile with 
bibliographic information on one million titles 

* Efficient and speedy mail order service to any part 
ol the world 

* Credit accounts for regular customers 

* HMSO agency for Nottingham 

* Visa, Access accepted. 

Open Mon - Fri, 9.30 - 5.30. 

Sal 9 30 - 1 .00. 

The Agricultural Bookshop is open 
Mon - Fri 11.00 - 2.15. 

The University Bookshop (Nottingham) Ltd, 
Portland Building, University Park, 
Nottingham NG7 2RD. Tel: (0602) 580272. 

ham students to geriatrics is 
quite remarkable. It is • the 
most popular clinical attach* 
ment.. “ • 

He adds: "People are at- 
tracted to the way we teach 
community medicine. - " 

The course is based on an 
integrated approach. The dis- 
ciplinary boundaries common 
in conventional medical sci- 
ence are obscured. Students 
meet patients during their first 
term and within six weeks are 
expected to be talking to 
patients individually about 
their illnesses. 

In the first two years Stu- 
dents receive a basic medical 
science course, followed by 
one year of science attached to 
one of the medical science 

In that year they do a 
research project lasting about 
14 weeks and at the -end of 
their first three years they 
receive a science degree. The 
idea is to initiate them into the 
philosophy of research and 
show them how to conduct iL 

Students learn how to do 
collaborative research during 
the honours year. 

Collaboration between de- 
partments is a feature of the 
medical school born of the 
necessity 1 for academics to 
work with one another when 
the school and hospital were 
being established. . ' 

The medical students live 
on campus with other stu- 
dents from the university, ' 
another feature which 
distinguishes the school from 
conventional medical schools 


and is thought to be a desir- 
able modem development 

Each of the main predinical 
departments has a range of 
research interests which at- 
tract major financial support 
from grant-giving bodies. 
More than £3 million has been 
awarded for research in the 
past five years from research 
councils and trusts. 

Research interests include 
applied physiological and 
metabolic studies from birth 
to old age. With the Depart- 
ment of Health Care of the 
Elderly housed in the medical 
centre' a major, effort is put 
into the applied physiology of 
old age. 

Staff pursue research on the 
influence of drugs, diet and 
hormones on the metabolism 

Research on the 
the influence 
. of drugs 
diet and hormones 

-and on the functional. activity 
of specific organs. . 

Others are investigating' 
macro molecular mechanisms v 
involved in protein turnover, ' 
control of gene expression, 
and glycoprotein synthesis in- 
cluding changes induced in 
the synthesis of membrane 
gly coprotein-in' malignancy: • 

, The latter work- is -being 
carried- out with the depart- 
ments of surgery and cancer 
research and is leading to the 
development of monoclonal 
antibodies for use diagnosti- 
cally and in therapy. 

es fo] 

good business 

be determined accurately. 
This means that doctors can. 
decide whether a tumour is 
operable a.-.i what type of 
operation should be per- 
formed, or whether it Is too 
dose to vital tissue to enable it 
to be removed. 

NMR can distinguish tu- 
mour from oedema, an accu- 
mulation of fluid. It can also 
enable doctors to distinguish 
haemorrhage, resulting, for 
example, from a head injury 
from oedema. It is therefore 
useful as an aid to treatment 

in the brain it is possible to 
detect the lesions of multiple 
sclerosis so that a diagnosis 
can be made early. The NMR 
image of a blood vessel may 
vary in relation to the flow of 
blood within it and this may 
enable doctors to see where the 
blood flow has been blocked by 
a dot and hence to diagnose 
and treat strokes and heart 

At present the research 
follows two lines: the develop- 
ment of the technology so that 
better images can be produced; 
and the evaluation of NMR as 
a technique for clinical diagno- 
sis and for monitoring the 
response to treatment Com- 
mercial machines are being 
evaluated by the DHSS with a 
view to use in the National 
Health Service. 

Science is not the only area 
which is examined for its 
applications at Nottingham. 
The university has combined 
its insurance, economics and 
accountancy work to form an 
Institute of Financial Studies 
under Professor Brian 

The institute is engaged in 
fundamental as well as applied 
research and supports itself 
with sponsorships from com- 
panies such as United King- 
dom Provident. The 
university considers itsdf to- 
be well placed to undertake 
financial research. 

It has the only chair of 
insurance studies in the coim- 

5 if. sponsored by Norwich 
nion. which donates money 
to the university. This . is . 
occupied by Professor Bob 
Carter and operates in the 
department of industrial eco- 
nomics, accountancy and 

There is also an endowed 
chair in banking, sponsored by 

Demand for 
. practical help 

the Midland Bank, in the 
department of economics. 

Last year chartered accoun- 
tants Spicer and Pegler. to- 
gether with Barclays 
Development Capital, spon- 
sored the setting-up of a new 
management buy-out research 
unit at Nottingham. The 
£60.000 sponsorship covers a 
three-year programme and 
Ken Robbie has been appoint- 
ed research fellow. 

The purpose of die unit is to 
establish a database of cora- 

- pleted management buy-outs 
and conduct a study into the 
effects , of management buy- 
outs ’ ' bn company perfor- 
mance.. The two sponsoring 
companies want down-to- 
earth guidance on what others 
lave already .experienced, 
what makes a buy-out viable. 

The teaching in the. two 
departments ofindustrial eoo- 

Fiiwqgal seminars 

. foAdcal firms 

nomics, accountancy and in- 
surance, and in economics, is 
predominantly- undergradu- 
ate There are about 50 under- 
graduates in each of the two 
departments each year — 300 
altogether. Degrees carry full 
exemption from professional 
accountancy exams so there 
are a lot of students who want 
to become accountants. 

On -the insurance side, the 
university is not unique. It 
runs a .two-year diploma in 
insurance studies with the 
City University in London 
principally for overseas 

- The first research project of 
the Institute of Financial 
Studies was in the personal 
financial services sector, 
which provided a profile of 
the thinking and attitudes of ' 
the industry. 

A number of other projects 
are in the pipeline, including a 
series of seminars on develop- 
ments in financial markets for 
the local business community. 

We have been 

It flKl ill 

the Chair of 
Insurance Studies 

since 1975 



- • T.:' 

SjX* * t ■ - 

At Norwich Union 
we've been studying insurance 
since' 1797 

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You may already know that many of today’s Ford engines 
are fitted with some of the most advanced computerised ignition 

systems in the world. 

A fact which goes some way to explaining the astounding 
performance and efficiency of the Sierra 2.0iS featured above. 

You might not know that some of the research used in 
developing its computerised ignition system was carried out at 
Nottingham University. 

Their Mechanical Engineering Research and Develop- 
ment Department is renowned for its automotive expertise 

Ford’s connection with Nottingham University extends right 

back to 1963. 

Since then Nottingham have helped us on various projects 
including development of; inlet manifold design optimisation 
programmes, corrosion resistant exhaust system specifications 

and fibre reinforced plastic components. 

Over the years, Ford have found the work so useful that 

we’ve responded by financing the department whenever we can. 

We believe ifs money well spent Not only is the work a 
direct benefit to Ford and our customers, but we are also helping 

to train the engineers of the future. 

. . I 








April His Excellency the 
Ambassador or the Union of 
Soviet Socialist Republics and 
Madam Popova. His Excellency 

the High Commissioner for the 
Republic of Malawi and Mis 
Mkona. the Secretary of State 
for the Home Department and 
the Hon Mrs Douglas Hurd, the 
Bishop of Liverpool and Mis 
Sheppard, the Lady Vaizey. Sir 
George and Lady Jefferson. 
Professor and Mrs William 
Watson and Mr and Mrs Robin 
Herbert have arrived at Wind- 
sor Castle. 

His Excellency Monsieur 
Ivanovich Popov and Madame 
Popova were received in fare- 
well audience by The Queen and 
took leave upon His Excellency 
relinquishing his appointment 
as Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary from the 
Union of Soviet Socialist 
Republics to the Court of St 

The Queen was represented 
by Mr Julian Loyd (Land Agent. 
Sandringham l at the Funeral of 



The Hon W.R.F. Vane 

dad Miss C.S L Pemberton- 

Die engagement 15 announced 
between Richard, elder son of 
Lord Inglewood and the late 
Lady Inglewood, of Hutton-in- 
ihe-Foresi Penrith, and Cres- 
sida. youngest daughter of the 
late Desmond Pembcrton- 
Pigoti and of Mrs Pemberton- 
Pigott. of London, and Fawe 
Park. Keswick. 

Mr D.M. MelvCle 
and Dr C&A. Taylor 
Thp engagement is announced 
between David, son of Mr and 
Mrs Murray Melville, of 
Lvmington. Hampshire, and Sa- 
rah. daughter of Lord and Lady 
Tavlor of Hadfield. of 
Wanborough. Surrey . 

Mr B.P. Matthews 
and Miss P.A. Grove-White 
The engagement is announced 
between Brian, second son of Sir 
Peter and Lady Matthews, of 
Dormansland,* Surrey, and 
Penelope Anne, only daughter 
of Colonel and Mrs Nigel 
Grove-White, of Charlton, Ban- 
bury. Oxfordshire. 

Mr W.T. Hall 
and Miss CJ. Lewthwai te 
The engagement is announced 
between Toby , second son of Mr 
and Mrs S_J. Hall, of Stratfidd 
Turgis, Hampshire, and Kate, 
daughter of Sir William and 
Lady Lewih waite, of 73 
Dovehouse Street, London. 

Mr DJ. Broadley 
and Miss S.T. Gregory 

The engagement is announced 
between David John, son of the 
late Mr Thomas Broadley and of 
Mrs Judy Broadley. of Hove, 
Sussex, and Sally Teresa, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Colin 
Gregory, of Epsom Downs. 

Dr C. Dmicott 
and Miss J.E. Dolan 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
and Mrs G. Demcott. of Brown 
Edge. Staffordshire, and Jane 
Elreaheth. daughter of Mr and 
Mrs F.R. Do'an. of E. avion. 
Staffordshire. The mamape w:!l 
tike place a: Endoa on October 
4 H** 

Signor V. Grcnga 

and .Miss A.M. Buks-Martin 

The eriJ/i-mcr.t is announced 
between \ mcenco. s-.’n of Si- 
gnor and Si snore Pietro Grenca. 
of Rome, and Amanda Mar- 
guerite. elder daughter of :ne 
late Mr J.ihn Banks-Manin and 
of Mrs Banks- Martin, of Bal'.i. 

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tiiMH ji.-mi. Mm £t. 

Sir William Fdlowes (formerly 
Land .Agent. Sandringham) 
which was held in the Church of 
St Mary the Virgin. Flitcham, 
Norfolk today. 

The Duke of Edinburgh was 
represented by Major David 

April 9: The Princess Anne. Mrs 
Mark Phillips this evening at- 
tended the Royal Pbilhatmonic 
Orchestra's 80th Birthday Con- 
cert for Maestro Antal Dorati at 
the Royal Festival HalL 

Mrs Andrew Fcilden was in 

The Princess .Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips was represented by 
Lady Mary Harvey at the Fu- 
neral of S'ir William Fellowes 
which was held in the Church of 
St Mary the Virgin, Rue ham. 
Norfolk today, 

April 9: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother was represented 
by Mr Michael Oswald at the 
Funeral of Sir William Fdlowes 
which was held in the Church of 
Si Mary the Virgin. Flitcham. 
Norfolk, today. 

April 9: The Prince and Princess 

Mr A JL HaH 
and Miss BA. Barker 
The engagement is announced 
between Alan, only son of Mr 
and Mrs L- HalL of Pound Hill, 
Craw-lev, and Beverly, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs George 
Barker. of Tingrith, 

Mr R.Y. Kirkby 
and Miss LA.T. Pharo 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard Vosper. son of 
Lieutenant Colonel R.H.W. 
Kirkby. RM (retd) and Mis 
Kirkby. of Churchflelds, 
Rod boro ugh, Gloucestershire, 
and Lindsay Ann Tempest, 
daughter of the late Mr N.C 
Pharo and of Mrs Pharo, of 
Nonhiam, Sussex. 

Mr DJ. MacNaoghton 
and Miss D.A. Nightingale 
The engagement is announced 
between David John, second 
son of Mr and Mrs J.F. 
MacNaughton. of Fam boro ugh. 
Kent, and Deborah Ann, second 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A. 
Nightingale, of Peas Wood, 

Mr A.M. Shellim 
and Miss E.T. Comber 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, only son of 
Mr Mervyn Shellim and Mrs 
Anne Lawson, and Elizabeth, 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs A.S.C. Comber. 

MrCB. Waples 
and Miss J.C. Stewart 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, eldest son 
of Mr and Mrs Brian Waples. of 
Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, 
and Julia, eldest daughter of the 
late Mr Edward Stewart and Mrs 
Wendy Stewart, of Wimborne, 


Mr A.C. Ellis 
and Miss AJ). Pringle 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. April 5, at St 
Michael's Church. Bray, of Mr 
Andrew- Charles Ellis and Miss 
Anne Denise Pringle. 

Mr J. Gordon 

and Miss N J. Brief 

The marriage took place on ; 

Saturday. March 29, of Mr i 

Jeffrey Gordon and Miss Naomi 

Berthe Brief, both of Putney. 

Mr M.5.H. Hartley 
and Mrs C. Thiriby-Smith, 
Cunlcvw di Trevisio 
The marriage took place quietly j 
in Oakham. Rutland, on Friday, 1 
April 4. |OSt». of Mr Myles ; 
Spencer Harrison Hartley and 
Mrs Claudia Thiriby-Smith, 
Con:e*sa d: Trevisio. 

Mr D P. Woolf 
ar.d Mks .1. Me Manners 
The nurriace look place on 
Saturday . April 5. of Mr Doug- 
I'hihp Woolf. son of Mr and 
Mrs Alexander Woolf, of Kings- 
ton House. Kmchisbridge. Lon- 
J.*n. j.tJ Miss j;JI McManners, 
Jjuehler of . Mr and Mrs 
Thomas McManners. of Scle 
House. Hexham. 


of Wales were represented by 
Mr and Mrs Anthony 
Duckwonh-Chad at the Funeral 
of Sir William Fellowes which 
was held in the Church of St 
Mary the Virgin. Flitcham, Nor- 
folk today. 

April 9: The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon was repre- 
sented b* Lady Angela Oswald 
at ihe Funeral of Sir William 
Fellowes which was held in the 
Church of St Mary the Virgin, 
Flitcham, Norfolk, today. 

April 9: Princess Alice, Duchess 
of Gloucester was represented 
by Lady Emhirst at the Funeral 
of Sir William Fdlowes which 
was held in the Church of St 
Mary the Virgin, Flitcham, Nor- 
folk. today. 


April 9: The Duke of Kent 
Grand Master of the United 
Grand Lodge of England, this 
evening attended the Board of 
Grand Steward's Dinner at Mer- 
chant Taylors* Hall, London 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

. The Duchess of Kent today 
I visited the Joint Air Force 
Reconnaissance and Intelli- 
gence Centre, RAF Brampton, 

Her Royal Highness, who 
: travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Right, was attended by- 
Mrs Alan Henderson. 

This evening The Duchess, 
Patron, attended a Gala Evening 
in aid of the Stars Organisation 
for Spaslics and the National 
Society for Cancer Relief at the 
Theatre Royal. Kingsway. WC2. 

Mrs Alan Henderson was in 

The Duke and Duchess of 
Kent were represented by Major 
Thomas Harvey at the Funeral 
of Sir William Fellowes which 
was held in the Church of St 
Mary the Virgin, Flitcham, Nor- 
folk today. 

A memorial service for Mr 
Robert Wetmorc will be held at 
St James's Church, Piccadilly, 
on Wednesday, April 16, at 
11.30 am. 

The Hon Mrs Charles ARsopp 
gave birth to a daughter on April 
8 . 


Faningdoa Ward Club 
The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by Mr 
Alderman and Sheriff and Mrs 
Christopher Collett, were 
present at the annual luncheon 
of the Faningdoa Wand Club 
hdd yesterday at Phinter- 
Sraiiwrs’ Han. Mr Bin Willson- 
Pemberton. president, 
accompanied by Mis Wfllsoo- 
Femberton, presided and the 
other speakers were the Lord 
Mayor. Mr Alderman Chris- 
topher Walford and Mr Thomas 
Edwards, - honorary secretary. 


Animal and bird research 

_ .... 

* r- ‘ 4 >'*’*■ 

.:•#* - • 

V.-k-v * W 

“The Bird’s N ester”, which sold at Sotheby's yesterday 

£2 .8m paid for 
Brueghel works 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

To have 18 paintings by the 
same artist in one Okl Master 
picture sale is almost unheard of 
and could be expected to flood 
the market, but Sotheby's yes- 
terday dispersed 18 paintings by 
Pieter Brueghel the Younger for 
a total of £2.8 million. 

Bidders had poured in Bora 
Europe and America for the 
chance of aquinng one of the 
very' colourful peasant scenes 
which this seventeenth centuiy 
Flemish artist adapted from his 
father's compositions. 

The prices varied hugely, 
running from £33.000 to 
£550.000 with one picture, in 
poor condition, left unsold at 
£60,000 and another at £ 1 2,000. 
The factor most affecting price 
was condition, with charm and 
size treated as of much less 

“A Peasant Wedding Dance” 
secured the top price ai 
£550.000 (estimate £280.000- 
£320,000). selling to an Ameri- 
can private collector. The bride 
and groom are feasting at a table 
in the village street surrounded 
by boisterous guests. 

A Belgian collector secured 
one of the best buys. **Sl John 
the Baptist Preaching” at 
£132.000 (estimate £100,000- 

“The Bird’s Nesteff* provided 
a .particularly vivid illustration 

of how prices have soared for 
Pieter Brueghel the Younger’s 
work in the 1980s. It was sold at 
Sotheby's in London in 1976 for 
£24.200; yesterday it sold for 
£242.000. The price had mul- 
tiplied 10 limes in K) years. This 
is largely due to a surge in 
interest from America and Ja- 
pan. according to Sotheby’s. 

The Brueghcls were collected 
by Charles de Pauw, a real-estate 
developer, between 1969 and 
1979, and formed part of a 
collection of Flemish paintings 
which sold vesterday Tar a total 
of £3.450,150. 

Such was the competition tint 
several bidders who had come 
for the . Brueghels turned their 
attention to other artists. One of 
them secured a particularly fine 
pair of Flemish primitives by 
the Master of the Sl Catherine 
Legend at £77,000 (estimate 
£60.000-£80,000). another spent 
£159.500 (estimate £80.000- 
£120,000) on a Madonna and 
Child in a bower of roses by the 
Pseudo-Pier Francesco 
Fiorentino. while a third bid to 
£121.000 a pair of flower still 
lives by Monnoyer (estimate 

Paintings of more academic 
interest were banter to sell and 
the auction totalled £5484,300 
with 6 per cent unsold. 



The Speaker and Mrs Weathorifl 
gave a dinner yesterday evening 
in Speaker’s House. The Lord 
Chancellor and Lady Haiisham 
of St Maiylebone and the High 
Commissioner for India and 
Mrs Alexander were present. 
The other guests were 

Mr Mark CartKle. MP. and Mrs 
CarUsH>; Mr MKtvael Hedttnr. MP. 
and Mrs Httrtune: Mr MMfiaet 
Ancram. MP. and Lady Jane Ancram: 
Mr Anthony Beaumont-Dark. MP: Mr 
Roland Boyn. MP: Mr Robert Cook. 
.MP: Dr Norman Godraan. MP. and 
Mn Qooroan: Mr Andrew Hunter. 
MP. and Mrs Hunter: Mr Michael 
McNair-wuson. MP. and Mrs McNair- 
WUson; Mr Alexander PoQock. MP. 
and Mrs Pollock: Mr Geoffrey Robin- 
son. MP: Mr Barry Sheerman. MP. 
and Mrs Sheerman; me Hon WUliam 
waldeqrave. MP. and Mrs 
waideoravr: b» Mayor and Mayoress 
of Crovdon. Mr WUliam Cooper and 
Mrs Cooper: MMs Sophie Gordonnier: 
the Res David and Mrs Cwwm and 
Mr JayvwbinhH Gotief. 

Lord Sndeley 

Lord Suddcy entertained mem- 
bers of the Monarchist League at 
dinner in the House of Lords on 
Tuesday night. Mr M Wynne- 
Parker presided and the speak- 
ers were Lord Suddcy, Lord 
Nicholas Hervey and Sir John . 
Biggs- Davison. MP. Grace was 
said by the Rev K. Gunn- 
Walberg. Among others present 
were: ___ 

Prince and Pr in ce ss Osman Vassfb of 
Turkey, the Marquess and Mar- 
chioness of Bristol. Yvonne Mar- 
chioness of Or Kirn Jacqueline Lady 
K Hiram. Sir Bernard and Lady dr 
HoqfUon. Die Hon Beniamin MatMToft. 
Mr Henry Pasioit-Bnlinqfrld tRoopr 
Croix Pursuivant of Armsl and Mrs 
Paston Bedumfekl. Mrs M. Wynne- 
Parhrr Baron Henry von BlimnnUiaL 
Mr X Weatnedue. Mr and Mrs A Lee- 
Williams Mr and Mrs N. Harrison 
ami Miss A. Dormer. 

Designers and Art Directors 
Association of London 
Mr Edward . Booth -Clibbom. 
Chairman of the Designers and 
Art Directors Association of 
London, presided at the annual 
awards presentation dinner held 
last night at Grosvenor House. 
Mr John McConnell, president, 
presented the awards. 

Science report 

Rod divines water pollution 

A growing awareness 
throughout the world of the 
danger to water supplies from 
dissolved pollutants has 
prompted Israeli scientists to 
devise equipment to prevent the 

Although underground water 
sources are carefully monitored 
present methods for doing so 
tend to be passive: they tell 
observers what is happening 
now, but provide no dear picture 
about future pollution, in 
particular the substances likely 
to create it. 

That is because they con- 
centrate on the aquifer -the 
layer of rocks which holds wafer 
and allows it to percolate 
through it - and not on the 
surface of the water table, which 
first comes into contact with 

Ground water pollution is a 
complicated and lengthy pro- 
cess. It goes through four stages: 
surface disposal of pollutants, 
then- movement through the 
mnuturated zone, their arrival at 
the ground water table surface 
and - finally - movement within 
the saturated rone. 

By Andrew Wiseman 

Professor Mordechaf 
Magaritz, of the Weizmana 
Institute of Science, and bis 
colleagues argued that there 
existed a need for a reliable 
early wanting system, to detect 
and analyse pollutants as they 
reached the ground water sur- 
face, before they travelled 

Their resultant MLFS (Multi 
Layer Floating Sampler) is a 
comparatively simple piece of 
engineering: a 25 m rod, with 
criss-crossed holes, which 
accommodate dialysis cells, 
filled with distilled water. This 
allows any chemicals found in 
the water to be separated. 

Water is sampled every 3 cm. 
The cells themselves are seg- 
regated by rubber seals, to 
prevent samples combining 
again. The MLFS is lowered 
into a narrow boro research welL 
lined with p«c pipes, which 
extends just below the aquifer. 

The prototype worked welL In 
field friais the concentration of 
chloride, nitrate and sulphate 
ions was found 10 be four times 
higher m this layer than in the 
depth from which water was 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

N*u l li-r . • 1 *h n m I* !|«.i: 1 mlhf 
: f it, ,b» j : i 


Momwi luf-JjV \pfll 111 

l^*clo Pjn*\i ■mi’ Toir^V' and 
Coim. j wn L-in V.rdoir. a btoih 
n liv Ittin lerJii 1 004 Lauren 
■Aftmo - Or Am- Iril I.v Al-flicr. v»ifo 
cf >!» fiJi-l a I'jLi.niiT 
glfOADWCLL Or tpru Mlt in?6 41 
Tin- Hi-mii'jI. Ekipr. Tu 

Juiip'O**' NMviv.i a-.iU Howard a wn 
Mum Jdinrv 

CWPPWOt • on W Apnl .n k.iruKl. 

IO kjCurvo :ntv lx. oil ■ a:ul Kallird. 
,1 Aiimbwt 

to nwirll ji -1 i.HH’ nwif 
Mnlninwiv' cn X|,irn irm j van 
JaI J.vmfv A to Riciuro 

HULL or Awil r >Ifi to »'«-* M 
<iliqo*V. .1 vOd. TTf-ll OTdOd UlIlt kj 
Mre Hjrtswvnii OI s« inrar»i 
child Mr ji-.m and Dorwut 
MarfJfJiU * 1 w sw,inv.i lor 
Mdt\ .itnl Dow Id Hill "I Dui«irn 
kCALEY - On Mjrrh 26th to har-in 
,n«' Nowak' and Gann 9 dawMcr 
L'k-dimr \ Ktaru. J wm lar Airxan- 

UTTU - On April Tin at hsftn Rad- 
firth- HmNUl. LWorU. 10 Louw. 
mu- u Alien and MxJurt- a wn. 
‘ Hvmt Hnwri William 

LLOYD- JOMK5 - On 4lh AWlI 1966. to 
Pukuium. and Jock, a 


MELLAUCU O April Jrrt in Prrejon 
:i Ki r— drrt Davmi a 

'-■n. tninor-v Couard 

MET HELL ■ On E,i-arT Suncov March 
?-7h 'a AiiUicjiiv and luiia. a son. 

OSTUDAM. - On Pin April a: L nuer- 
siiv c-ui— H i-wuj: London, a wn 
lo C^hMui 1 'Biv Fnnmni and 
Man uv 

PORCH ASC on 3ld April !<A?6 at 
SUI hih Hovpu.i:. S» .il> Vv.r.Iling 
l-n.lo rtaim 1 and krr. !»m wm - 
tkxrt’r Bkinu' and Tvrnne r rjrcr 

Wturr cn Xpnl B ai SI Alans- Hovct- 
Idi London, lo Lucinda wee 
and Rnbori. a sun 

STRUM to David and Anna or 9 April 
in London, a itawturr. Fay AuuL a 
‘PJcr lor Kajt 

TMNC-On 2nd April mHwwnn. Trx- 
.iv So Mark and Carnbno. a son Tonv 
Mark bmUirr (or Hrntv 

WINSTON - On 3nd April, m Norwich, 
lo Mark and kaw inw Finch' a son 



Tth - X|atn,y«r took plocr in London, 
no l« 'xSnosdu- Wi Aprs, nf \irfia 
i.k- (’.-lit snn nt Mr and Mr, Dai id 
Podlirkl. and Man . second doixgiur 
cl Sir Eduard and Ladv Plnlav. 


iWh Mum al Rrsulenrc o( PuHtc 
Nolan in Rangcon Burma. Andrew 
OCinqham voungvr sen <rf Mr A 
sirs, w CotinrahJiti of MtmtrcaL 
Canada. la Carolina, sounwr da ugh- 
irraUr 1 Mrs. J. Eadnsan Srrtith Of 
Barer*. Surer* 

YOUNG : DUVALL • cm March 21 st. 
*-iit at V. Paul's HarrtxutP. Mf 
i inrv X Dung lo Dr Jascumne 


jUtRCttN on March 2J. al hnnw m 
Sl racuM 1 N V suddpotv afTcr a Inmi 
Uinrs'i br.uri* bornr Loin Anrr 
Jwn. OCR FRCS. a«jid 62 
Formcriv cnmniiant Tfiorarw Sur- 
rjron al The Howual tor Sick 
Ch'idrrjL cn Ormond Sircrl Drrpl*- 
loved and treasured husband <rt \ir 
guild and lather ot Clare. Janr and 
Cohn Mvmtnat lund lo hr an 
ivNincrd 106 Will o-Uinds. 
Jamrsvnlr N V . LS.A- 

ADDBICTON - On BUi Asm 1986. SUd- 
urnl* al bre homr. al ? Rlodan Close. 
Oxlnrd. thr HotmurAMr CUo Mona 
Aditmulnn. Orlov ra wile of Dimro- 
pt»«. and dauglilrf of ProH-nor John 
and am Prnsiiam' Fuiwral srrvice 
nn FihIov lllh Aped a! II Ikim al 
Ihe Orthodox Oiureh of thr 
Aiuiunnaoan. CamrrUury Road. Ox- 
lord. Flrnvin lo cnurtti. 

BALHC TYLCR On April Bin nnrrful- 
It Harrs, fiintuna or Aavnurv 
Crrmauun private Memorial vmvk* 
al Sl Andrew* Oiurin, Qrrol 
Curnford April ISUi al noon 

CLAY - captain Arthur Castor. .Hrnrs i 
ODE RD. RNR aurd KO cd 
WhiisUMr Krsil. on Mareu ?Wn at 
Iit snarl sidli-iino Aonrm husnand 
of Xlarika Drarfv loved IOUKX. 
urandlainrr and inend 

DAY nn mn April i9«o pr.vcrfuilv ai 
hts home Cordon himuini of juO« 
r unreal Smitf on Tuesifai im" 
Apnlai UuHord Parish ClHi*ih. i! it 
noon luikiurd by private r»'n 
Flow its mav be srnt to Pnwrei l u- 
nrea Service. Wailon fid k.irr Or 
U drxiinl donatwin maj- be m,me lo 
Mane Cunr Mrmonal F mim'auno. 

Skiane Sl. London Shi 9BP. 

D* HGCR Svlsia. beloved dJirthire of 
Mike and Matilda Rdtewo, wile ol Dr 
Nicholas Dr Herr and moUitt of 
Nrma and Aba. On 4|h Apnl Iy 86 in 
Accra. Ghana, peacrfullv allrr a long 
Ulrow Funeral on April ldth in 

ESTBLL on Ihe 60i of April 1986. 
Clare, drormt wde tar over aO *e,iis 
oi Tom and mother of Robin, 
praefutft afire a trentue dines* very 
bravely borne. Funeral at Colder* 
Green Crematorium on Tuesday 
15th of April at Z 50 pm <CoU Cha 
pel) Flowers lo Lnerton &%••»*■ 21 2 
EvrohoR «»e«. NWI bi 13 noon 

RKGIttOM On April 3rd. Alexander 
Dickie, aqr d 73 suddcnlv and peare- 
fuDv In hosutal in B‘>un i remiuth. 
Eider sbn of me Lvc Ptutr**ur and 
Mn A R Ferguson ut Cairo and Cam- 
burgh and father of ctirniupber. 

C3MSON on Znd April 1986 mkImH 
Ashpn Gmuon. peorreunv at 
Dmuiw HosoiUl aged 62 ■.i-ars Be- 
loved brntpre oi Aured .kmn and 
Ann Pnc.iK-crrenaunn rook place at 
Swinttim nn April mn Danauam U 
desired in Cam re Ri^earch 

OMMSTOME On O April |9»i Fdqor 
w dlred. briovrel nmoand ut » vtauw. 
dearly loved lather ol Oerev ami 
Tony and a nnjen tovrd grandlalher 

■URDOt Ettzabein on 8 th April peace- 
lulls m Tnnuv Hospice. Swa. Before 
she km her beloved Andrew In Ed- 
inburgh three w||| he a galftenng of 
friend* and relaltons at The OvatieL 
83 WesUMuree Grove. London W2 
al Kan (oday Further details. Ken- 
yons. Ol 9A5 3728 

KARVCY on 6 th April 1986 aged 83 
sears Frances Estelle. LOftv Harvey, 
at The CM Bakery. Eaford. Sr 
Pewsv. Wilts. Vv mow ot Sir Richard 
Musqravp Harvey. Bart, mother cl 
Chortn and Joanna iMacintyrei Fu- 
Iier.ll service on WedneMOV April 
Itvih in Enlord Parvn Church al 
2 pm Family newer* only, donations 
ii oesired lo Hn|p me Abed nr Arnon 
Aid-- oF Drviei Funeral Direc lor. 
2 t> River Street. Pewsev. Wills 

H*V - Philm Hay KCXO. TO. of 
■N.'it'nuhan* I'.tvrjue kreiMmnnn Psi- 
.er nn 71h ->i>,ii Inn aged 68 . 
rilfier.rt 01 S| Maiv E^clrelnn. pear 
OiNif at 1 ? 1 Ti-m cn TihsiLi. 
Isin April. Hi u,Mnmr sonrnhiir 
jl wrvu-e L 1 i Ih 1 'S 1 l ain v»'|l in> [i h 1 

KORN • Grotirpv aged 7A. on Ain 
Apnl. al ni* re«oir m smiii. brenvei* 
tutsoand ot Mijnnn*- taiher ai Pain 
cm. Belinda and Simon, and 
Senniian lareravrai. aim *m» tank-r 
of John 'dereavedi F cciurro re a tv 
Ml* Hall. Great vviqbarouqti Lwx 
Crrenaiwn pn’-aie AMENDED 

HOMLEY Dr John Stephen M R CS . 
L fl C.P.. F.R C. P*ycv Ofl 3rd Apnl 
law, m the Roval Hanatmnme 
HoHxtal.Shrfdeld aged 81 year*, me 
bet avert husband at Laune. deary 
loved father ot Julian. Junah. Sarah. 
James and the Die Jotunun. and a 
dear lather ui law and grandad Nre- 
v kp ahd crrenaiion. DU Road 
crenvupniim on Monday lath April 
al 2CObm. All enouinm in John 
Fairest Funeral Home. snatieW Tel 
3AJ139 or 333638 

HtWSWTH • on Sunday April 6 th. 
peacefully in The Sxkiltlr ft unarm 
home Hove Aqnrv Edith lAiiyi. 
mrtlwr nt Sheila Poor. Crananon 
Service at The Kent and Sussex Cm- 
nutonuia. Tunnridgr WeiK. on 
Monday Ann ldm. oi 12 30 ptn. Do- 
n,ilionft lo the N S P C C- 

LMGMRE John on 6 April 1986 at 
hi* home in Guernsey. Channel h- 
lantfcv Dearly laved hustund of 
v iv unite, peacefully in hts usin year 

KELSON On April 7 Kathleen Phyllis, 
hreoved uaugntpr at Dorothy and the 
late Thomas, and scvire of Dnuse and 
Michael. Cremation al 3.46. April 10 
al Surrey and Sussex Crematorium. 
Worth. Sussex. No dower* please, 
bur donanom if desired lo Friends of 
Ihe Royal EariswoocL RedhUL 

OWENS - On 7m April 1986. peaceful- 
ly al East Molewv Cottage HasmtaL 
Surrey ■ Ptiylbs Mary, wife of Colo- 
nel R.H Owens and mother of 
Richard Cremation private. No flow- 
ers and no letters Mease. Donations, 
if desired to SI John Ambulance Bri- 
gade. 63 York st. London win ips. 
for the attention of the Dtstrtct 

POTTER - On 4th April In Newbury. 
Hi-mrei Kingsley, beloved husband 
ni W innie, lamer oi Anson and Su- 
van. grandfather Of Jonathan. 
Hi-mamm. Monel and Rachel. A me 
mural servirp will be hew on April 
J 1 -.I Eng umes lo Camp Hopson 
Nrwpurv. Tel >00351 *3590 

SOUtRC, TwjUi- tn a motor acri- 
•*ri up s.||m"Mv nn Amu. Manr W 
M squire iHi*'f«rtl TO. M A. Of 
f-v-i,|. wniveiiioniplon and we tf 
Tw Uaiaiihin. The -M<ulh SIhI-^nn- k.-hmmii Tr»- lunna 
*rev - i« in be ivhj al Si vuchow and 
All Ampt* Cumin. T , m-atuu at 
lit co am on mmiimv Sam Annifof- 
lowed by irHerrvirwrH at Dunescoun 
Crenrerty Famnv liowrrs univ 
pieaw- nul donalians may be sent 10 
The Amu- BenuviHPiri Fund, r o 
Co*. David TothiM. T A. Centre. 
Wnlvivv House. Faunips fun. 


STEPHENS on April 7th. 1986 at 
home m Weiherty. Keith MrevlOe 
husband of Audrey and iathre ot AU- 
un and Antony. Funeral prtvaie 

THACKERAY Charles Lout* aged 62. 
Mjadvniy on April 6 th ip CornwaO, 
beloved brother and fnend. 

TWMPE- On April 7th 1986. aged 84 
viors wiiium H Thorpe FAS.. 
Protesw Emeritus Animal EthMo- 
9V leiiowi oi Jesu* college, 
cambnoge. Husband of the Hie 
Mary and dear father of Margaret 
Schuptan. Funeral at Caro&nnoe 
Crematorium, on Monday- lath April 
ai 1 tom. No (lower* ptease. but do- 
nation* In lieu to Fauna And Flora 
preservation Sonny. 8 Camarn 
Hiqn Street. Loadrei NWt Ojh. a 
M emorial Service will be announced 

Professor William. Thorpe, 
FRS, who died on April 7, 
aged 84, was a leading author- 
ity on comparative ethology, 
ihe scientific study of animal 

Bora on April 1, 1902, at 
Hastings, he was educated at 
Mill Hill School and Jesus 
College, Cambridge. 

ments when, as aduhs, they 
came- to lay their eggs. 

He also published wort on 
wha t has been called, “ok of 
the biological curiosities of roe 
world”, ihe Petrotemn By. 
which lives in po ols of . crude 
oil in southern California. 

Thorpe had always made! a 
hobby of the study ofmrds, 

_ . J -c .1 CmmX WflM 

Birthdays today 

Lord Brookes, 77; Sir William 
Cook, 81; Mr Aidan Crawley, 
78; Vice-Admiral Sir Alastair 
Ewing, 77; Mr Patrick Garland, 
51; Mr A*M. Henri, 54; Miss 
Gloria Honniford, 46; Professor 
Kathleen Major, 80: Mr David 
Moorcroft, 33; Lord Morton of 
Shuna, 56; Mr Robert Rhodes 
James, MP, 53; Mr Omar ShariC 
54; Sir Charles Taylor, 76; Mr 
Paul Theroux, 45. 

Girls 9 Public Day 
School Trust 

Summer Term for the rwenty- 
four schools of the Girls* Pubhc 
Day School Trust will begin 
next week; half term will be 
during the week of May 26w Mrs 
Penelope Penney has been ap- 
pointed Headmistress of Putney 
High School from January 1987 
on the retirement of Mrs Nancy 

Sabrina Club 

The Sabrina Club are holding a 
luncheon at Shrewsbury on 
Saturday, April 26. Members 
who have not received an 
invitation should write to the 
secretary, Ingram's Hall, The 
Schools, Shrewsbury. 

trol of insect pests u Califor- 
nia and the Hawaiian Islands. 

He was therefore well quali- 
fied in 1 929 to take up Ihe post 
of research entomologist at the 
Faraham Royal parasite lab- 
oratory of the Imperial Instir 
lute of Entomology. 

After further travels and 
research abroad, Thorpe re- 
turned to Cambridge in 1932 
as fellow of Jesus College and 
university lecturer in ento- 
mology, duties he combined 
with those of college tutor 
from 1932-1945, when he 
became senior tutor for two 
further years. He was elected 
president in 1969. 

' Throughout these years 
Thorpe's scientific interests 
were primarily entomologicaL 
He played a large part in 
bringing to the notice of 
biologists the existence of 
“biological races" and their 
importance in developing a 
modern approach to the clas- 
sification of animals. 

Much of his work dealt with 
parasitic insects, their system- 
atics, biology arid physiology. 
Particularly notable were ms 
researches on ihe respiration 
of parasites, which brought to 
light much that was novel and 

Another of his discoveries 
was termed “olfactory 
conditioning”, the demonstra- 
tion that parasitic insects 
reared in an unusual host were 
found to develop a definite 
preference for these environ- 

field in which a deeper under- 
standing of the teaming pro- 
cess could be gained, and, u> 
this end. went cm to bund up 
the Madingley field station, 
near Cambridge. 

His own studies on learning 
and instinct in birds, and m 
particular his remarkable 
comparative analysis of bird 
song, won him a high interna- 
tional reputation. 

His book, Leamim and 
Instinct in Animals (l9S6)^a 
once became a standard wm, 
and was followed by Bird 
Song: the Biology ot Vocal 
Communication and Expres- 
sion in Birds (1961). 

Thorpe was elected FRS m 
1 95 1. His work on bird behav- 
iour formed the bass of a new 
career, and his distinction in 
this field was recognized in 
1959 when he was appointed 
reader in animal behaviour at 
Cambridge. He was promoted 
professor in 1966. 

He found time fix- many 
activities outside his formal 
teaching and research. As 
secretary of the Wkken Fen 
Committee he did an unf 
mense amount for the natural 
history of Cambridgeshire. He 
had been chairman of the 
British section of the Interna- 
tional Council for Bird Preser- 
vation since 1965. 

In 1936 he married Wini- 
fred Mary, only daughter of 
Prebendary G-H. Vincent She 
died in 1978 and they had one 


bong pumped- Clearly the 
polhibwts had not yet reached 
those areas and, in practice, 
there would have been time to 
take measures to prevent their 
build upL 

F urth er m ore, steps could have 
been taken to sldm off the top 
layer of the aq oiler (using that 
water for irrigation perhaps) and 
protect the deeper, compar- 
atively dean water, from farther 
deterioration, especially as both 
water and pollutants often take 
decades to seep through the soQ 
before reaching the water table. 

The MLFS faUOted another 
important function: there is 
potential danger from pesticides 
and cleaning fluids. Normally, 
they are found in water in snch 
small quantities that it is diffi- 
cult, if not impossible, to detect 
them even with the most sen- 
sitive equipment. But, Professor 
Magaritz believes, his equip- 
ment will be able to do that, and 
be is p l an n ing tests to prove his 

The sampler has now been 
pa t ented and will be dem- 
onstrated in Europe and the 
United States shortly. 

UNWIN - On April 8 th. David VH. 
much loved husband of Susan, of 
Moranoutn House. Lee-on-Soient 
Furen&iaJ service at St Fatih's. 
Letgh-oo-SoJenL at 11.50am on 
Tuesday Anril ism. 

WARRMER - On April 8 th. Michael 
Henry of Weston Pam. ShtpstOB-on- 
Stour. Warwickshire, aged 77. 
Funeral service at Ihe Oiureh ot St 
John the BaottsL ChertnnMn on Sat- 
urday AprH 12 th at 2-30jxn. Family 
flower* only, but donattonsH desired 
id Guide Dogs tar the Blind. 


WH 1 1 HELD - On 7th April 1986. In 
Hosonal In Nnnealon. Lieutenant 
Oolonei John Hutton whuftetd. 
RAMC (Retired) MFCS. LRCP. Dr- 
voted husband or the late Angela and 
adored lather, of Burton Hastings 
Warwickshire. Funeral service tn si 
Nicholas Church- Bnmcote near 
Naneoion. on Tuesday l&ch April ai 
l 4Som followed by private crema- 
tion. Rowers if desired » W-SnUlh 
Sons. Stratford Street. Nuneaton. 

YOtim - On Srd April 1986. omUerrty 
and peacefully to bospuaL Pamela 
Mary in her &oih year. Cremation at 
Mwtlake on Wednesday 16Ui ApriL 
al 11 SOara. Flowers and enouines 
b> PH Sanden A Sons Limited. 
» 30 Kew Road. Richmond. Sur- 
rey 01-948 1551. She will be sadly 
missed bv all her (orally and friends. 


A SERVICE ol Thanksgiving tar the 
lire ol Aiom Guy Pawxan. CMC. 
win be hew M si. John me Baptist 
Cnurcn. PenshumL on Friday. May 
9 no. al 5 O 0 pm. 

BREEN There wdl be a Memorial Mass 
lor Arthur Yn»n Breen MBE MC 
Croix Of Guerre *v*c Palme, held in 
the Chapel ol me Convent of lit* As- 
sumption ss fcensngtan Sg. London 
* 8 . on Saturday Apnl 19th at it 

raven ■ A vnttv of thanksgiving for 
in* me oi Li? Raven wi|i w held at 

HiKHUOnrnuqn Han Cnmuan Coo- 
terence Qfiuve. Otford Hills. Nr 
SomoaiK. Kent on Tuesday. April 
1 fu n oi soo pm 

STEWART Str lath Ma*w#u tar 
IneiuH unabie *o anena me memori- 
al ten. ice twin in Glasgow Cainearaf 
in Fefcuary Tiuntguing am inter- 
ment Service will ne non ai at Pauls. 
hmgimarMge. Menton Puce. SV*u 
on fetttnesday. JOtn Ann) or 11 15 


WKiEY - Mil. In tovtng ntmwry of 
Maartcr. who died April 9th. 1976 

Captain Sir William 
Fdlowes, KCVO, the Queen's 
former agent at Sandringham, 
died on April 6, aged 86. 

HB writes: 

Billy was born in 1899 at 
Woodbastwick, Norfolk, near 
the Fdlowes' family home at 
Shotesham. He was brought 
up in Gloucestershire in the 
heart of the Heythrop country, 
where his lather was a land 
agent, and was educated at 
Winchester and Oxford. 

• His mother was a Cator 
from Norfolk, which is per- 
haps why he returned to be a 
pupil with a firm of land 
agents near Norwich. 

Before coming to Sandring- 
ham, he worked as a land 
agent in Essex and Bedford- 
shire. He married, in 1934, 
Jane, the daughter of Briga- 
dier-General A. F. H. Fergu- 
son. They took every 
opportunity to ride to hounds 
with the RtzwilKam and Jane 
was an elegant figure riding 
side-saddle, a fine and fearless 

Fdlowes was agent at San- 
dringham to King Edward 
VM and to King George VI 
from 1936 to 1952, and then 
to the Queen from 1952 to 
1964, spending tire war years 
as an officer in the Scots 

He was made a Deputy 
Lieutenant' for Norfolk and 
knighted by the Queen when 

he retired to live at Flitcham. 
He and his wife concentrated 
on training labradors, entering 
field trials which Jane often 
judged. Billy was an excep- 
tionally good shot, and a fine 

As they grew older, tbe^> 
gavd up their labradors ana 
concentrated on creating a 
lovely garden at Flitcham. 

In everything that they did, 
they set themselves a high 
standard. Billy did not admire 
the sloppy or slovenly, and 
everyone at Sandringham 
seemed to take Ihe hint The 
pec^S on the : estate loved 
them both, and he gave all he 
had to make Sandringham an 
example of what a royal estate 
should be. 

Billy was a superb raconteur 
and mimic, with a great sense 
of humour. Jane, too, had a 
delicious, rather dry. humour. 
She drew beautifully, and 
there must be many people 
who treasure her sketches. 

They seemed to do everyv 
thing together, and I feel sun^ 
that their example of how to 
five has nibbed off on their 
four children, two boys and 
two girls, who gave Buly and 
Jane 12 grandchildren be- 
tween them. 

Jane died on February 26 
this year, aged 73. Billy sur- 
vived her by just over a month 
, dying after a single day's 


Mr F. W. Beney, CBE, QC recorder aftc 

Mr r. w. Beney. UBJt, QC, 
who died on April 5, aged 102, 
was for many years a well- 
known and respected figure in 
the Law Courts and the Tem- 
ple, and. at the time of his 
death, was the oldest living 
Queen's Counsel 

Though of a quiet disposi- 
tion, he was neither shy nor 
retiring and his integrity and 
efficiency inspired confidence 
in aO his dealings. 

Frederick' William Beney 
was bom on March 9, 1884, 
the second son of William 
Augustus Beney, JP, of Beck- 
enham, Kent and educated at 
Mill Hill School and New 
College, Oxford. 

He was called to the Bar by 
the Inner Temple in 1909 and 
worked as a legal assistant at 
the War Office from 1914-20. 

A skilled lawyer and an able 
advocate, Beney built up a 
large practice at the common 
law Bar. For some years he 
was heavily engaged in 
workmen's compensation 
cases until that work, to the 
regret of many, was removed 
from the jurisdiction of the 

He also kept in touch with 
the administration of the 
criminal law. In 1942 be was 
appointed Recorder of Rye, 
and from 1944-59 he was 

recorder after his retirement 
from that office). 

Beney took Silk in 1943 and 
was made a Bencher in 1948. 

In April, 1959, provision was 
made for three Queen's Coun- 
sel to sit. when required, a fit’ 
commissioners at the Central 
Criminal Court, and in dm* 
capacity he served for some 

He was a commissioner at 
the Central Criminal Court 
from 1959-64, and a commis- 
sioner of Assize on the South 
Eastern Circuit (1959) and the 
Western Circuit (1961X 

He retired from practice in 
1 96 1 and was made a CBE the 
following year. From 1961-66 
he was the resident legal 
expert in a BBC features 

Beney was a cheerful com- 
panion, with a sense of hu- . 
mour tinged with a cynicism f 1 
which marked his apprecia- 
tion of life's realities. His 
contribution to any discussion 
showed an outlook in which 
com monsense, tolerance and 
kindness were tastefully 
blended, and his well-knit 
arguments were always a plea* 
sure to hear. 

In 1914, he married Irene 
Constance, eldest daughter of 
Henry Ward-Meyer, of 
weybrkjge, and they had two 

Recorder of Norwich (where Weybndge, and they 
he sometimes sat as deputy sons. 


Sir Charles Stirling, KCMG, Economic Warfare 

SSiS.'SS grass SuS 

bon, has died aged 84. offiJT * e ?QKt & 

Bom on November 19, After tfo- „ 

H M sjMinfofBn“Vcotm F : SSfSfiSS^M * B ^ 

Christi College? Oxford. whSf , Tan S»er, 

On joining the Diplomatic S^befoSSJl 1 ?. ^ 
Service, he was promoted to hu fir * 

third secretary ml 1925, second btSVrt?ffi enlasAr n- 
secretary m 1930 and first u 

secretary seven years later. ro? j ci n America 

For the first three years of ar i d lhe follow- 

the Second World War Stir- rUlT "“HP Sir Nferi 

On joining the Diplomatic years bcforeiakRS T . ^ 
Service, he was promoted to hu 

third secretary iol 1925, second biS?ri?rSi?i enlasA m- 
secretary m 1930 and first u 

secretary seven years later. 1 Q 5 1 si . mh America 

For the first three years of lhe folloS 

the Second World War Stir- rLLT Sir n£i 

ling served as head of a pSli h* Ar P ba ssador ^ 
department m the Ministry of * amba£ 



j* r % 

rn v 


Television ■ 

of the 


Donats Cooper 

. Last night's episode of The 
Four Horsemen (Central) was 
. entitled “The .Masters of 
War" — the masters, on soqe 
occasions, being the ad vertfs- 
ing agents uto market a 
variety of weapons^ In the 
society of foe spectacle even 
- - the f orms of death' can become 

commodities, thus gnp g pwrtng 

the links between advertising 
apd the forces of social repres- 
sion. “The whole language of 

- ' aw*", one ofthe participants in 

Di this documentary suggested, 
Li i v N“is a form of denial." 

v Some of the facts are avail- 
. f..x ... able, however it seems that; 20 
■ ’’ r; . pw cent of the world’s soen- 
' >1 lists are engaged ijj militar y 
Tfn - ; research, and.that 50 per cent 
1 of British government re- 

< search is in the area of 
- ■„ weaponry! It was not really 
surprising, therefore, that the 
analyses of this activity were 
bast night coached m terms of 
nwrbid pathology — the pm'- 
soit of amomeBts ms' de- 
scribed as afl “addictiaa", and 
die narrative conveyed very 
well that apparently, irrational 
hanger for weapons. But the 
assumption seemed to have 
S been that the need to fight or to 
threaten is as elementary a 
. human urge as the need to eat 
or to drink — tie “Four 
Horsemen’ 1 of the title suggest 
the endless, unappeasable, 
nathwartable nature of those 
"plagues" which do not de- 
scend upon humanity from 
some other source hot -rise up 
from it and are its Intimate 

So the fibn-makers roamed 
across the world, taking their 
pictures hi Cambodia am I i 
Ethiopia, Nicaragua* and Mo- . 
zambique, and from these 
images fashioning a dentmeia- 
tion as bleak as it was anan- j 
sweraMe. In the process It | 
became dear that the language 
e . of geo-politics, or of superpo*- 
• ; ~ v er rivalry, does not fit the local 
; -• » realities of disease ami priva- 
‘ lion. And so the suffering 
world most exist in a form of 

Programmes of this kfod are 
supposed to speak tar h; of 
course, although this may 
become just norther. form of 
western, manipnlation. Cer- 
tainly, on this dccasioh, the 
power of the images was not 
always adequately matched by 
the quality of the analysis. : 
There were times, from the 
commentary, when you imag- 
ined that the Four Hossemen 
had come solely from the 
United States. But such distor- 
tions may be inevitable la a 
programme as ambftioas as 
this: it described a human 
condition, but -nevertheless 
, ... . was forced to took for Mame 

k ,.*■'? towards specific ami tempo- 

! - - nwy agencies. 

- u - Peter Acfcroyd 

jconcilable clash 
tween affection 
and property 

Rpmeo and Joliet 

Stratford ; v‘ , 

Shakespeare dads Roftieo and 
Juliet with the pious, thought 
that the lovers’ deaths have 
patched up the lam3y.. fend! 
Thai is. not how Michael 
Bqgdanov sees the events, 
which be presents as an irrec- 
oncilable clash between the 
forces of affection and prop- 

The key - line' is the friar’s 
reproof to Juliet’s parents: 
"The most you sought was her 
promotion." From the start, 
the overbearing elders treat 
their young tike walking in- 
vestments; when disaster 
strikes it is as- though their . 
shares have taken a tumble. 
And, ax the end, the show cuts 
straight from the douWe sui- 
dde to a press conference with ■ 
the Duke delivering the pro- 
logue- oh the two households 
to an accompaniment of pop- 
ping flash-bulbs; while .the 
golden statues of the lovers 
reveal thar their: deaths have 
only stimulated the families to 
renewed material compe- 

The extraordinary’ effect 
this basis to turn the play into 
the tragedy of Friar Laurence. 
The lovers rake their doomed 
course. Tbedders pursue their 
obsessive line. Only.’ the friar 
tries to bridge the gulfbetween 
them. Robert Demeger plays 

him : with tremendous practi- 
cal gusto, earning applause 
when he hauls them hade from 
the brink. And when he is 
finally defeated and abandons. 
Juliet, it is Ids collapse into a 
panic-stricken self-saver that 
arouses your pity, not the 
. lyrical farewells ofthe young. 

Whatever your view of that, 
ii certainly saves the play from 
the decline that often besets it 
after Mercado's death. Also, 
Mr Bogdanov is at pains 
throughout to present it as a 
drama of the streets and 
domestic bustle, infected as 
little as possible with the 
sickly sweet odour of the 
. tomb- Even in Mantua, Ro- 
meo tangles with a city carni- 
val and buys the poison under 
the comic-sinister gaze ofhuge 
masks of world leaders (afl old 

It is, needless to say, a 
modem-dress show, with a 
cigar-smoking Capulet buzz- 
ing For Peter from his marble 
desk and crocodiles of bicycles 
dmnkenly weaving away from 
the Capulet disco. A rock band - 
plays most of the night away, 
joined by Tybalt (on saxo- 
phone) and Mercutio (on elec- 
tric guitar). 

It sounds a crashing cliche, 
but again and again it is 
rescued by long chains of 
scenic invention. The duel is 
marvellous: with Michael 
Kitchen (Mercutio) sizing up . 
to Hugh Quarshie’s chain- 
swinging Tybalt with a walk- 

ing stick, practising golf 
strokes before taking a swipe 
at Tybalt’sgleamjng sports car 
— at which the outraged owner 
stops fighting to inspect the 
damage. The actual deaths, 
when they do come, are all the 
uglier after the brilliant farci- 
cal opening. 

The lovers* story has to 
make its way against the 
toughest comic competition 1 
can remember. Sean Bean and 
Niamh Cusack are unequally 
matched. Miss Cusack's Juliet 
presents a dear, radiant win- 
dow on to the character’s 
emotions. Mr Bean is still led 
by the lines and falls into 
lyrical monotony when left 
alone. As partners, however, 
they do have contact and it 
does evoke the sense of love. 

Irving Wardle 

• Three new platform perfor- 
mances are to be presented at 
the National Theatre in the 
near future. The Great Nebula 
in Orion , a short play by 
Lanford Wilson, will be given 
in the Lyttelton opening on 
April 21; Marina Tsmaeva — 
Poet, Outcast is staged in the 
Cottesloe beginning on May 
12; and a single reading of No. 
I’m Not Afraid — Poet in 
Prison, a selection of the work 
of Irina Ratushinskaya, the 
Russian poet who has been 
confined in a labour camp for 
three years, will take place in 
the Cottesloe on May 30. 


' - • 

- : 


. . 'l:A; : > 

Marvellous duel: Hugh Qnarshie's Tybalt (top) and Michael Kitchen's Mercutio 

The Beaux’ 

Lyric, Hammersmith 

On Ttiesday night the Lyric’s 
heating went on strike as we 
huddled around the fitful glow of 
Farqufaar's swan-song Those to 
the left ofthe stalls had also to 
contend with a rogue PA speaker 
buzzing to itself throughout the 
first half and one was grateful&r 
the company’s clarity of speech. 

Clarity of thought however, jn 
the sense of efophasizihg particu- 
lar dramatic threads, of making 
this Queen Anne: tapestry come 
off the wall and ^ something, is 
sadly lacking here. Archer's pro- 
logue on the merits of the satire 
to come contains the odd infor- 
mation that we live "under 
Maggie’s sceptre", a statement 
which nourishes the intriguing 
idea of a Stratagem clawed up to 
dale with, say. Archer and 
Aim well as a brace of opportunist 
Sloanes, Boniface as a CAMRA 
tendkmt Lady Bountifull as an 
amateur naturopath living on old 
money, and the highwayman 
Gibbet as a bogus Falklands 
ve ter a n .. . .. . 1 

Not a bit of iL Paul Freeman 

and David Rinloul are just 
another pair of charming rogues 
off a chocolate-box lid. Paul 
Humpoletz is firstly a beer-bore 
and then just a bore, Patsy Byrne 
chirrups away gamely but to no 
great effect, and Timothy Barlow, 
eccentrically cast as Gibbet, 
stands and delivers his lines as 
though he had strayed into the 
wrong play. 

Anna Carteret uses her com- 
manding voice to inject some 
dignity into the role of Mrs 
Sullen, but her exchanges with 
Paula Wilcox's Dorinda lack 
tension. Peter James's produc- 
tion needs sharpening up — it 
needs some gear changes. This is 
especially unfortunate in that the 
play does contain plenty of 
genuinely funny lines, which have 
survived the centuries with their 
meaning intact, but which here 
are dented the chance to breathe. 

The overriding problem is the 
deadening lack of pace which 
leaves one looking for the snap 
and crackle that the script de- 
mands. When Sullen (Ken Stott) 
makes his first entrance in a slow, 
stiff daze one cannot but. think 
that his hangovers have set the 
tone for the whole production. 


. \ SSifel' i! 


.-GmKi'Xumm&Ar * , • 

Anna Cartaret, a commanding voice 

Anna uaiuun, a oHuiiHiwui g 

JVlartm cropper of dignity in Tke Beaux’ Stratagem 


Finborougb Arms 

“What is it that makes a flower 
pretty?" asks the eponymous hero of 
this tiresome French piece. The 
fellow is what used to be called an 
innocent, a breed that seldom sur- 
faces in English drama but used to be 
thick on the ground in foreign parts. 
Convention fits the innocent with a 
gentle and trusting nature, naivety 
bordering on the imberilic and the 
undying love of a maiden. Vasco has 
all these, and you just know none will 
be any use to him as he picks his un- 
suspecting way through the minefield 
of life and war. 

The play is by Georges Schehadi 
and, when Jean-Louis Barrault staged 
it in Paris 30 years ago, audiences 
became so agitated that he had to 
take it off after 47 performances. The 
programme says “only 47” but the 
wonder is that Barrault was showman 
enough to keep it going so long 

Vasco is a barber, and the only 
young man left in his village. Why 
has he not joined the army like all the 
others? No one tells us. What are his 
views on war. or indeed on anything 
except the fall of a ringlet? This being 
a work of “poetic style and lyricism", 
such mundane clarities are not 
available to us. 

The lad is drawn into the fighting, 
accepting injustices that hurtle down 
upon him as if they were all part of a 
day’s snipping. Suicide missions. A 
forward post manned by women. 
Enemy intelligence disguised as 
chestnut trees. Simon Turner's fresh- 
faced youth at least makes this trying 
cipher a picturesque figure, though 
Vasco's assumption of an heroic role 
is made abruptly and without clear 
motive. Perhaps he wanted to im- 
press the girl who mysteriously 
dreams about him. Or her father, a 
scholar obssessed with crows.. 

Wendy Lesion, the director, tries to 
jolly the proceedings along when 
Vasco looks at himself in his minor, 
the chestnut trees behind him to 
catch their own reflections. The 
colours are cheerful Bill Homewood 
does some kind of Gielgud takeoff. 
Daniel Foley's sergeant makes a neat 
recovery from a multiple tongue- 

And the use of simple sets and 
props for different scenes is resource- 
ful The table becomes a well. Things 
happen behind screens. But the anger 
at militarism is feather-light and a 
cast made up of one simpleton and 
numerous eccentrics is a company 
one hurries away from with emotions 
of relief. 

Jeremy Kingston 

John Perclva! introduces the 
work and achievement of 
American Ballroom Theatre, 
who open a season of 
transatlantic dance with a 
difference at Sadler’s Wells 
this evening 


Pierre Dnlaine and Yvonne Marceaa 
demonstrating the skills that have made them four • 
times British Exhibition champions .. 



mgs# , 


V-.. n: ' 

When New York City Ballet 
gave a special performance for 
young people at the end of 
their last Lincoln Center sea- 
son. they had an unexpe cted 
pair of guest dancers: Pierre 
Dulaine and Yvonne Mar- 
ceau. Balletomanes will men- 
tally run down company 
rosters in vain trying to locate 
them. Followers of ballroom 
dancing will be more familiar' 
with the names, because they 
have been four times British 
Exhibition champions. To- 
night thev and their American 
Ballroom Theatre open a sea-' 
son of transatlantic dance at 
Sadler's Wells. 

Dulaine, neat, tithe, quiet- 
spoken, is half English, toff 
French, with an accent to 
match. He was bom m Pales- 
tine jnst before, the British 
mandate ended, was brought 
io England and grew up m 
Birmingham. Moving to Lou- 
don as soon as he could, be 
developed an obsession, with 





competitive ballroom dan- 

A lew years, back he settled 
in America almost by chance. 
He bad worked his way across 
on a cruise liner and was 
: invited to fill an unexpected 
vacancy teaching at the Arthur 
Murray school in New York. 
-Why not. just for a few 
weeks?’* he thought, and has 
stayed ever since. He started 
daw-rog with Yvonne Mar- 
cean in 1976. Her background 
was is classical ballet and 
Dulaine too went to ballet 
classes, not to incorporate it in 
their ballroom work but as a 
fonts - of discipline and 
• t aming , 

■- The origins of their compa- 
ny fie; like Dulaine’s settling 
in America, in the happy 
cbance. of an invitation. The 
annual dance festival at 
Jacob's Pillow, Massachusetts, 
decided in 1982 to include a 
programme called Winning 
Teams made up of contrasting 
kinds- of dance partnership. 
Dulaine and Marceau repre- 
sented ballroom dancing and 
decided that it might he 
mtotatingto get together with 
other pans to make a com- 
. as Dulaine pins it "The 
time seemed right for rt. Think 
of what Balanchine did in 
Vienna Waltzes and Twyla 
Tharp m Sinatra Songs- We 

are moving towards a similar 
point but from the other side." 
He points also to the immense 
success that the show Tango 
Argentina has enjoyed in New 
York, adding “1 don’t want to 
knock ft — it’s a very, good 
show; but I think perhaps' 
some people are disappointed 
when they find it isn’t all 
danc ing, that there is a lot of 
singing and music too”. 

American Ballroom Thea- 
tre’s show Sheer Romance is 
all dancing and finds a degree 
of variety within the genre, 
from the Astaire-type of 
while-tie number to foe South 
American style, from a Span- 
ish gypsy influence to a waltz- 
ing finale. The various couples 
taki ng part each have a special 
affinity for one or other mode 
and are featured accordingly, 
but with all of them taking 
part in every section of the 

Dulaine insists on the im- 
portance of partnerships as the 
basis of the work. “When we 
were negotiating with Brook- 
lyn Academy of Musk to take 
the show there, they said 
‘There'll be eighty dancers 
then?’ and I replied ‘No, 
there'll be four ^partnerships II 
takes a long time to learn to 
dance together well' 

“Although the - films of Fred 
Astaire are an inspiration, we 
are not doing that kind of 

dancing. Astaire did it with 
tap dancing; we use ballroom 
dancing with lifts. Astaire had 
his big solos; in our kind of 
dancing, partnering is every- 
thing. It's not just technique. 
We want to use it to create a 
romantic atmosphere." 

. They began with a short try- 
out New York season, five 
performances in October 1 984 
at Dance Theater Workshop's 
small Bessie Schonberg The- 
ater on West 19th Street. 
“Rather to our surprise it was 
a great success, and this was 
our first time on stage together 
as a company." Enthusiastic 
notices in The New York 
Times, The Village Voice and 
The New Yorker helped clinch 
further engagements including 
invitations from Brooklyn 
Academy,' Sadler's Wells and 

Meanwhile. Pierre Dulaine 
is quite proud that his 
partnering skills have put him 
on the fecufty of New York 
City Ballet’s School of Ameri- 
can Ballet as a guest teacher. 
After alL he began with ball- 
room dancing before he learnt 
ballet, and he thought ball- 
room lessons would help the 
students With their partnering, 
"The first time 1 went there. I 
started by asking the students 
just to waltz across the room. 
And. do you know, they 
couldn’t do it properly?” 



Festival Hail 

It is difficult to warm to the art 
of a man who greeted the First 
World War's outbreak with 
the words "the masses need to 
be shaken". But in 1 904. when 
Scriabin wrote his Third Sym- 
phony, “Le Divin Poeme", his 
bizarre son et lumiere experi- 
ments, his personal cosmic 
crusade to regenerate man- 
kind, and most of the literary 
output that would be called 
monstrously pretentious were 
it not plain incompetent, still 

Jeffrey Swann is an American 
pianist with a big sound and a 
penchant for big music, if his 
London d&but. which includ- 
ed all four of Liszt’s Mephisto 
Waltzes as well as the 
Mephisto Polka, was anything 
from which one might judge 

Like too many of his school 
he did not always succeed in 
conveying the subtlest mean- 
ings behind the plethora of 
notes in such pieces. You 
could not doubt his power, 
though, and it was a remark- 
able achievement to get 
through all of these strange, 
diabolic fantasies and survive 
as well as Swann did. It was a 
pity that he chose to reduce 
Banok's Out of Doors Suite to 
exhibitionism, and hence 
missed its more lyrical as- 
pects; nevertheless' he is a 
pianist of great talent, very 
much in the grand tradition. 

You might reasonably ex- 
pect Hu Kun, a Chinese 
violinist and protege of Yehu- 
di Menuhin, to be an anrst in 
fairly similar vein, and so be 
is. as his scintillating perfor- 
mance of Tartmi’s "Devil's 
Trill'' Sonata showed tn all its 
full-blooded drama. But Kjun 
can also complement his 
glossy, btg tone with straight- 
forward. honest musicianship, 
the kind that a work like 
Prokofiev's Second Sonata 
positively demands. A simi- 
larly direct though not at ail 
inexpressive approach was ap- 
parent m Faurf’s A mtyor 
Violin Sonata. Op 13. where 

lay in the future. In any case, 
this Russian egomaniac was 
always much belter expressing 
himself in music than in sub- 
Nietzschian poetry. 

So it is quite possible to 
enjoy the Third Symphony 
simply as a securely crafted, 
colourfully scored and abun- 
dantly passionate tone-poem. 
Its middle movement, “Vol- 
uptfs", is an especially ravish- 
ing concoction of inspired 
violin melodies, barely audi- 
ble horn chords, lapping harp 
arpeggios and - most striking- 
ly — a profuse, exhilarating 
chorus of bird -song from sev- 
eral ranks of woodwind play- 
ers. Scriabin, like that later 

mystic Messiaen, had this 
thing about ornithology . 

The outer movements are 
more problematic for the lis- 
tener. mainly because of 
Scriabin's penchant for slith- 
ery chromaticism raddled 
with added sixths, and his 
habit of saying everything at 
least twice. But foe busy, 
resourceful string writing, the 
opulent but always clear or- 
chestration and the cunning 
assembling of* themes at the 
work's apotheosis: these were 
all encouragements to listen 

So was this excellent perfor- 
mance by the Philharmonia 
under Riccardo Muti. It was 

London debuts 

Undoubted power 

Kun sensibly did not try to 
obscure the mystery or Gallic 
charm within the music by 
overplaying his own per- 

He offered a curiosity, too, 
in the form of the Chinese 
composer Ju Xiaosong's Girl 
of the Mountain, derivative 
perhaps from Debussy and 
Ravel bur impassioned music 

bristling with file sheer joy of 
invention. Jeffrey Gilliam was 
the excellent pianist 
The Patterson Wind Quin- 
tet arc already the most sea- 
soned of performers, as their 
recital made abundantly clear. 
Whether in the endearing 
innness of Milhaud's La 
Chennncc du Roi Renee or in 
the obsessive, nervy obbliga- 

Much Ado About 


This night-club, underneath 
the arches at Charing Cross, is 
an aptly-named veiiue for a 
play to do with making mar- 
riages. The barely-raised stage 
in the black and chrome Star 
Bar is hung with racks of dress 
patterns (why?) and a pair of 
red curtains on mobile racks 
that adapt to frame different 
acting areas. 

The London Theatre of 
Imagination, whose metropol- 
itan showing this is. following 
a two-month nation-wide 
tour, was praised for its Othel- 
lo last year. The company's 
resources are small as are its 
casts: eight in this case, requir- 
ing the doubling of Don Pedro 
(David Lear) with his brother 
and Hero with Dogberry — 
actually a Mrs Dogberry, 
played as a poor relative of 
Sybil Fa wiry. 

LTI's stated policy is to 
involve, delight and disturb 
the imagination. Laudable 
aims. Its other plank is to 
work withoui a director. How 
the scenes evolved their final 
form I cannot say, since all co- 
operatives co-operate, but 
some are more co-operative 
than others. The poorly-imag- 
ined scenes provoke the worst 
performances, and vice versa, 
but then they would, whether 
deriving from communal de- 
cision, common indecision or 
a lone director's diktat. 

The Dogberry scenes are 
veiy poor, and the villain's 
arrival squashed into a super- 
market trolley raised not a 
litter. These scenes have to be 
better, to work in their own 
right and to create a tolerable 
balance to the crises develop- 
ing in the main plot. 

The company's sirengtii and 
achievement lies here, in the 
delightfully witty exchanges 
between Beatrice and Bene- 
dick that somersault into dis- 
coveries of love and then to 
his mature recognition that 
love's obligations require him 
to duel with Claudio. The 
Church scene explodes across 
the comedy with an excite- 
ment that is almost terror, 
charged by the passion of 
Kilian McKenna’s Claudio, 
unhinged by grief. 

Beyond him stands Clive 
Kneller’s Benedick, frozen in 
astonishment and doubt. 
Kneller is an accomplished 
and intelligent young actor 
with a wide vocal range and 
the mobile face of a down. We 
earlier see him dressed as a 
tree with his bark unpeeling as 
he shuffles through a maze in 
pursuit of news of Beatrice. 

Julia M unrow suggests that 
her carefree gaiety is more 
forced than his. and it is both 
funny and touching to watch 
her overtaken by love’s confu- 
sion. On several occasions, 
centering around this engross- 
ing Church episode, with its 
declaration of love, false accu- 
sation and remorse, the per- 
formances give us that tingling 
sense of a real theatrical event 
— without a director. 


admirably balanced, so that a 
single flute could emerge from 
a morass of eight horns in 
harmony. The pace was artful- 
ly varied and Muti elicited 
much rich string tone. 

Itzhak Perlman's playing of 
Tchaikovsky's Violin Concer- 
to is a well-known miracle, in 
no need of my endorsement.. 
Perhaps to atone for some 
extravagant, though delirious- 
ly executed, portamenti in the 
first movement, he articulated 
the finale's passagework with 
a clean, glittering brilliance 
that will long stay in the 

Richard Morrison 

tos of Edwin Roxburgh's Sec- 
ond Wind Quintet, or indeed 
in the flavoursome Three 
Antique Hungarian Dances of 
Ferenc Farkas and Ligeti’s Six 
Bagatelles, everything they did 
was highly polished yet at the 
same time sounded almost 
unnervingly spontaneous. 

And nowhere were they 
more entertaining than in 
Paul Patterson's Comedy for 
Fire Winds, a brilliantly" exe- 
cute^ piece of winy writing 
that ended the evening in 
light-hearted exuberance. 

Stephen Pettitt 

We regrettably announce that due to prohibitive and unobtainable insurance rates currently 
affecting ship ments in and around the Gulf, valued m excess of C10.000.000 


beng an anctant an lonn which were accumulated m both Europe and the U ruled States for etMMion 
and repatriation to the tonowmg countries erf Iran. Iraq and Tcnkev 
Due 10 these unforeseen ctrcumstances and the economic unfeostrfUty the aroma has been irrevocably 
cancelled and whfet the rugs were bemg held at transit n Her Mqesty a Bonded Warehouses Heathrow 
Airoon end others, thev now have been removed and rub be deposed of vranedtatefy bv Aucion 
Due to the vast number of owces and uetue mwoived the auenons have been divided irao sweat seoewra 
collections thus a ftordinfl everyone an saual opportunity to acatura one or more of these masieitMGes 
The floods have now been removed from the warehouses and divided into two co Sections 
which will be sold at 2 separate auctions on 
Sunday 13th April at 3 p m previous from 11am 

(Adjacent to Chastarfiefct Hotel) 



ftwnwnu M accepted m nagoMUe cwraneaw and a* n*etw ered* cards 
Patkm and Shmp«? toahwa avaiaaiB lor aew twwm » i»wx»i 

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Hi i ■ ill 

Letter from Washington 





:■:'«&?•*#■ :'fe- 
V- -'"■ ■■■'vfeK ; T-.. , .... 


:p-:^ *V 1^7 


Mr Matthew Carrington, the Conservative candidate, meeting one voter but being ignored by another watering his garden. 


Mr Roger liddle (top) on the SDP bandwagon with bos wife 
while Mr Nick Raynsfe? v for Labour, talks to a voter. 
(Photographs: Bos Drinkwater and Tim Bishop). 


jane BMwood: England Demands 

James Boyd Stack: Democratic 
Rights for N. Ireland 
Matttthw Carrington: Conservative 
John Creighton: Connoisseur Wine 

i tyg Duke: Captain Rainbow's 
Universal Abolish Parliament Party 
Roger Liddle; SDP/Lib Alliance 
Nick Raynsford: Labour 
Geoffrey Rotph: Fellowship Party 
Reginald Srtnmoraon: All Party Anti- 
Common Market 

Lord David Sutcto: Official Monster 
Raving Looney Party 
Jon 5tetan Swtnoeic Humanist 

Continued from page 1 

but she admitted the Alliance 
had made an error. “I would 
not have used a quote from the 
Fulham Express because it is a 
part)- newspaper ... 1 will 
make sore we don't use that 
kind of quote again.” 

Last night Mr Tebbit wrote 
to Mrs Williams defending the 
Conservative leaflet and 
qooted a Commons speech by 
Mr Simon Hughes, Liberal 
MPfor Bermondsey, which he 
said substantiated the allega- 
tions about scrapping mort- 
gage tax relief and abolishing 
council tenants' right to buy 
their homes. 

“I would be grateful if you 
would now own up to your own 



1983 January 20-22 FCbuary 13-24 March 19 March 19-21 March 21-24 April 2-4 

party's policies and withdraw 
your rather ill-tempered accu- 
sations of on truthfulness in 
the same generous way in 
which you expressed your 
regrets this morning at your 
party's misleading use of the 
so-called Fulham Express 
headlines,” he said. 

Mr Nick Raynsford, who 
has deliberately avoided com- 
menting on the campaign tac- 
tics of his opponents, finally 
admitted yesterday be was 
“astonished and baffled by 

“They seem to have been 
preoccupied with trying to find 

negative thing s to throw at us 
and have shown little or no 
concern with trying to address 
the real issues which the 
people of Fulham and Britain 
want to talk about," the La- 
bour candidate said. 

Unless there is a d rama tic 
last-minute switch in support 
Labour looks set to win the by- 
election with a majority of 
about 3,000, with the Conser- 
vatives just holding off the 
Alliance challenge to take 
second place. 

General 'uectton: M Sevens (Cl 
18.204: T RoweU iLabl 13.416. D 
(tendril (L. SDP Alliance) 7.194: Miss 
J Crimes iEcoj 277: R Pearce (NF) 
229: J k'eates ilnd Liberal) 102. C maj 

Likud steps nearer the brink 

From David Bernstein 

Israel’s Government of Na- 
tional Unity yesterday took 
what appeared to be a final 
irrevocable step towards its 
demise when the Likud minis- 
ters derided unanimously that 
they would quit the coalition 
if Mr Shimon Peres, the Prime 
Minister, went ahead and 
fired his Finance Minister. 

On Tuesday night Mr Peres 
opened the Labour Party con- 

vention by saying he had 
derided to remove the finance 
portfolio from Likud's Mr 
Yitzak Modal when the Cabi- 
net meets on Sunday. A hinted 
compromise to keep Mr 
Modai in the Cabinet but not 
as Finance Minister was re- 
jected out of hand by Mr 
Yitzak Shamir, the Likud 

The crisis erupted after Mr 
Modai attacked Mr Peres and 
his Government's economic 

policies in two newspaper 
interviews at the weekend. 

Mr Modai yesterday caused 
a brief sensation when he 
announced that he was pre- 
pared to. step down if that was 
the only way to save the 
Government and keep the 
country's economic recovery 
plan on course. 

But within hours it became 
apparent that his offer was 
irrelevant as his fellow Likud 
ministers refected the idea 
that he resign voluntarily. 

All this week American 
families are being bombarded 
with messages of fear on 
radio mid television. Parents 
are being', given, precise in- 
structions about prote ctin g 
their chil dren from abductors 
and abnsers. Youngsters are 
told not to walk, anywhere 
alone, not even in fee streets 
around home. Hysteria has 
gripped the nation. 

They call it “Kids Safely 
Week . It is centred on 2.800 
of the largest shopping malls 
both in the US and Canada, 
where hundreds of thousands 
of children will be finger- 
printed by policemen and 
sheriffs to help in the search 
should they one day vanish. 

The television messages 
are positively frightening. A - 
little blonde girl strolls Cheer- 
fully down a tree-lined street, 
big middle-class houses on 
either tide, while a car _ ap- 
proaches slowly from behind. 
Before the driver has a 
chance to drag her away to 
certain assault and-deatlLshe 
cheerfully calls ”Hi!” as she 
chances upon some friends, . 
and is safe. ' 

She was lucky. She walked 
alone a short way down her 
street on. a. bright sunny -day 
and got away with it. 

■ At the shopping malls, 
clowns . mid cartoon charac- 
ters are handing out balloons . 
and brochures to teach chil- 
dren to save themselves from . 
that army of shabby men in 
long raincoats who stalk 

The statistics that are rou- 
tinely bandied about suggest 
that America is in the grip of 
a grotesque epidemic of child 
snatching. It is said that every 
year 1,500.000 . youngsters 
disappear, a figure that has 
become accepted even 
though it is a ridiculous - 
distortion. It does not, for 
example, take account of 
runaways or kidnappings by 
estranged parents — the latter 
category being responsible for 
at least 500,000 disappear- : 
ances a year, most of which . 
are resolved quiddy. 

The National Centre for 
Missing and Exploited Chil- 
dren says that 2&0OO chil- 
dren are offiriaOy listed as 
missing. Most are voluntarily 

or involuntarily hiding with a 
parent. The number mho fell 
foul of strangers is a minute 

Not a lot of abduction goes 
on in shopping malls. But the 
International Council . of 
Shopping Centres derided 
that such familiar environs 
were a good place to promote 
what they called a public 
service awareness campaign. 
Some cynics have suggested 
unkindly feat ft is also good 
PR far shopping mafis. 

Cynhs-aside, lots of people 
are getting into the spirit of 
things. Guides anti Scouts are 
out m targe numbers, helping 
the police noth other volun- 
teers io round up little fingers 
for printing. Parents will keep 
the- records, ready for the 
terrible day little Johnny fails 
to burst through the door at 

Many children’s psychok*' 
gists are outraged by all the 
overkill Dr Lee Salk, author, 
parent and leading child psy- 
chologist- said that at One 
point he thought fingerprint- 
ing was a good idea. “Bui 
now we see fee exploitation 
of this anxiety and fear info 
board games, books and all 
these other campaigns. It is 
getting out ofhand.^; 

He .tells of children who ! 
have nightmares or are afraid 
to go out of the house for fear 
of abduction. ... 

" So bow do yon save a child 
.from abduction? Some-cardi- 1 
.narrates, America is. being 
told, are these: never feave a 
child; alone in a car; . know 
'where the, child isaiall times; 
teach your kids their home 
telephone number^ never let 
them, out -'of sight m public 
places; 'tell ' mem . which 
homes in fee district .are safe 
logo into,' ' 

AD routine stuff except for 
tire one feat says you should 
not let your children know 
abom-your anxieties for their 
safety. Tint might be a bit 
difficult --after this .week's 
barrage. Besides, a television 
bfez will suxdy leave most 
American kids wife "at feast 
-some sensation that grave 
and unspeakable danger lurks 
beyond the front door. 

Christopher Thomas 

•v.- . •••- is. 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen visits St Peters 
Church. Old Windsor. 3. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother visits the headquarters 
of the Forces Help Society and 
lord Roberts Workshops. 
Brampton Rd. SW3. 1 1.30: and 
later attends the premier of A 
Room with a View, the Curzon 
Cinema. Wl. 7.45. 

The Princess of Wales visits 
the Sea Life Centre. South sea. 
1 1.35: and then opens an exten- 
sion to the Sports Hall of the 
Franon Community Associ- 
ation Community Centre. 
Trafalgar Place. Fratton, Ports- 
mouth, 1.15: and later she 
presents prizes for The 
Basingstoke and Winchester 
Branch of Birthright’s Easier 
competition. Church Cottage. St 
Michael’s Church. Basingstoke, 

Princess Anne, visits the Brit- 
ish Olympic Association's of- 
fices, 1 Wandsworth Plain. 
SWI8. 10; and later attends the 
naming of a Midland Region 
electric locomotive. Eusion Sta- 
tion. NW 1. 11.30. 

The Duke of Kent visits the 
Hanover Fair, arrives Hanover 
airport. W Germany, l. 

The Duchess of Kent takes 
the Lord High Admiral's Di- 
visions at the Britannia Royal 
Naval College, Dartmouth, 

Princess Michael of Kent 
opens the Internationa] Federa- 
tion of Airline Pilots' annual 
conference, Cumberland Hotel 
Wl. 10. 

New exhibitions 

Your World; Natural History 
Museum. Cromwell Rd. SW7; 
Mon to Sat 10.30 to 6, Sun 2.30 
to 6 (ends May 7). 

Work by Arthur Boyd: Fi- 
scher Fine Art. 30 King St, SWi; , 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,016 

Mon to Fii 10 to 5.30 tends May 

Studio glass by Ann Wolff- 
Warff and coloured etchings by 
Helmtrud Nystrom; Saga 
Scandinavian Art. 3 Elystan Sl 
SW 3: Mon to Fri 10 to 5. Sat 10 
to 1 (ends May 3) 

Arthur Erickson: Selected 
Projects; Canada House Cul- 
tural Centre Gallery. Trafalgar 
Sq. SWI; Mon to Fri 10 to 5.30. , 
Thu re Id to 7, Sun 12 to 5.30 
fends May 6) 

In the Churchyard: tomb- 
stone survey, Corinium Mu- 
seum. Park Sl Cirencester, 
Glos: Mon to Sat 10 to 5.30, Sun 
2 to 5.30 (ends May 10) 


Recital by the Chilingirian 
String Quartet with Elizabeth 
Turnbull (viola); Bishopsgate 
Hall 230 Bishopsgate. EC2, 

Recital by Penelope Mackay 
(soprano), Gareth Roberts 
(tenor). Leon King and Bridget 
Carey (viola), and David 
Charles Mania (piano); British 
Music Society, 10 Stratford 
Place. Wl, 7.30. 

Recital by David Pearl (tenor) 
and Sally Heath (piano). 1.10: 
and concert by the London 
Soloists Chamber Orchestra, 
7.30: St James's Church. 

Concert by the Northern 
Sinfonia; Stockton Parish 
Church. 7.45. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Sinfoniena; GuildhaJL Plym- 
outh. 7.30. 

Concert by the City of Bir- 
mingham Symphony Orchestra: 
Birmingham Town Hall. 7.30. 

Concert by the .Arioso Quartet 
with James Walker (piano): 
Birmingham and Midland In- 
stitute, Margaret St, Bir- 
mingham, 1. 

Concert by the Hampshire 
County Youth Orchestra: Win- 
chester Cathedral 7.30. 

Piano recital by Mourn 
Lympany; Si David's HaU. Car- 

Books — paperback 

The Deputy Literary Editor's selection of interesting books published this 


WBd About Harry, by Paul Pickering (Fontana, £2JS0) 

The Radish Memoirs, by Terence as Vers White (Future. ££50) 

Star Turn, by Nigel WBftams (Faber, £235) 

An Answer from Umbo, by Brian Moors, (Deutsch. £3.35) 

The Casuatfna Tree, by W.Somerset Maugham (Oxford, £3.95) 

Collected Poems and Prose, by Harold Pinter (Methuen, £355) 
fen The Rainforest, by Catherine Caulfield (Picador, £3-95) 

The North American Sketches of R-B-Ciammgliani Graham, edfted by 
John Walker (SAP.E7.50) 

Memories and Qimpsea, by AL Rowse (Methuen, £6.95) 

WHteam Moms, 16a life. Work and Fttaods, by Philip Henderson (Deutsch, 1 

NS j 


The NE airflow trill 

to midnig ht 

The pound 

AuatreflaS 2.15 

Austria Sch 24.7® 

Belgium Fr 7240 

Canada S 2.10 

Denmark Kr 1X01 

Finland rack 842 

France Fr 1140 

Germany Dm 343 

Greece Dr 23&00 

Hong Kong S 11.70 

Ireland Pt 1.165 

Italy Lira 241000 

Japan Yon 27440 

Netherlands GkJ 347 

Norway Kr 1148 

Portugal Esc 23440 

South Africa Rd 440 

Spain Pta 22240 

Sweden Kr 11.16 

Switzerland Fr 246 

USAS 1425 

Yugoslavia Dnr 55040 

Hates tor small denomination bank note 
only as supplied by Barclays Bark PLC. 
Dine rent rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Rema Price Index 381.1 

London: The FT Index closed down 11.6 


I Each part of this due. say 

( 12 ). 

9 Many a sitting may be ar- 
ranged for them (9). 

10 Small island business — a 

Spanish one (5). , 

11 Things to do for a male or 
female group, say ( 6). 

12 Gee! Two fish in one <8>. 

13 Number of swans swim- 
ming round river — this 
one? (6). 

15 Religious leader and Ed- 
ward talked colloquially (8). 

18 Worker giving help to 
many, perhaps (8). 

19 Growing incentive (6). 

21 Way for Americans to trans- 
form old weapon (8). 

23 Beginning of stage craft seen 
in short play (5). 

26 Mouthpiece for instrument 

27 Re-reading order for old sol- 
dier (9). 

28 Post-war aid scheme spoils 
house design (8,4). 


1 Painter puts capital into fac- 
tories (7). 

2 Interchangeable fertilizer 

3 Food produced by wise race 

4 Advanced fast (4). 

5 Old language reappears as 
modem Arabic dialect (8). 

Concise Crossword page 10 

6 Italy can provide no priests 
. . . (5). 

7 . . . but there’s one in 
church here (8). 

8 Lighter daughter rudely 
pushed (6). 

14 Architect whose wife was 
provoked <8). 

16 Ostracize from jet set over 
dance (9). 

17 Times unfair in this period? 

18 Lid for container? Just the 
opposite to). 

20 Despite her anxiety, with- 
draw capital (7). 

22 The beast has got both of 
father's letters (5). 

24 Probation can be an ordeal 


25 Greek character used to dis- 
turb game, we hear (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17.015 

iT ra la 


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^ n El -Tl 

wff notion 
3 n b ra- n v 
jgtlHEMSu 'mfllBRsaBV 
B M !3 -H p 

jjjSSIR iiJHES * 0H;i75n 
o-n -.-3 - (■ R)” n m'm 
.jsnnra- iMHFO'SH'sn 
^ R' ■& t* 


Talks, lectures, Aims | 
Freedom from deception, by j 
Morris Trevithick: Guildhall ( 
i School of Music and Drama. 
Barbican. EC2. 1. 

Amphibia by Tom Langton: 
Hanwell Methodist Hall.' 
Church Rd, W7. 8. 

The modernising of Lloyd's, 
by Ian Hay Davison: St 
Boiolph’s. EC3. 1.05. 

Poetry in performance, by 
Michael Horovitz: The National 
Sound Archive. 29 Exhibition 
Rd. SW7. 7.30. 

First .Aid. speakers from Ac- 
tion Aid. Save the Children 
Fund and Oxfam: Natural His- 
tory Museum. Cromwell Rd. 
SW7. 3. 

Geology and Scenery: 
Snowdonia and North Wales, by 
Dr Alan Timms; The Geological 
Museum. Exhibition Rd. SW7. 

Myths and legends; Cephalus 
and Procris. by Felicity Woolfi 
The National Gallery. WC2. I. 

John Constable, by Sarah 
Bowles: The Victoria & Albert 
Museum, SW7. 1 1.30. 

Art and the irrational dimen- 
sion in politics. I: Robert 
Morhentclf A Joseph Albers: 
Homage to the Square (film). 
130; The Tate Gallery. SWI. 

Past Industries on the River 
Wvc. by Stan Coates: Friends 
Meeting House. 122 Hampton 
Rd. Redland. Bristol 7.30. 

Sale of printed books: 
Bloomsbury Book Auctions. 3 & 

4 Hardwick Sl ECl. 10.30 and 


Births: Hugo Grotius. jurist. 
Delft. 1583: Samuel Hahne- 
mann. founder of homeopathy. 
Meissen. Germany. 1755; Wil- 
liam Hazlitt. Maidstone. Kent, 
1 788: William Booth, founder of 
the Salvation Army, Notting- 
ham. 1829; George Wil liam 
Rnssefl CAE'} poet. Lurgan. Co 
Armagh. 1867; Vladimir lyicb 
Lenin (new style April 22). 
Simbirsk (Ulyanovsk). 1870. 

Deaths: Jean Dumas, pioneer 
of organic chemistry. Cannes. 
1884: Algernon Charles Swin- 
burne. 1909; A us u sic Lumitre, 
pioneer of cinema photography. 
Lyon. 1954: Evelyn Wangh. 
Combe Florey. Somerset, 1966. 

Conservation grants 

Grants to help schools set up 
suitable long-term conservation 
areas are again being offered by 
the Nature Conservancy Coun- 
cil. Last year £60.000 was grant- 
aided to 222 schools. This year 
up Lo £100.000 is being 

Details of the scheme can be 
obtained from the Grants Sec- 
tion, Nature Conservancy 
Council Norfeminster House, 
Peterborough. PEI 1UR: 
applications accepted until 
October 31. 


London and South -east: 
Knights bridge: Roadworks con- 
tinue at the junction of Soane St 
(A32 1 6) ana Basil Sk congestion 
expected M40: Westbound 
carriageway reduced to one lane 
between junction 5 
(Stokenchurcb) and junction 6 

The Midlands: Ml: Lengthy 
delays between junctions 16 
(Northampton) and 15 
(Daventry) near the 
Rothersthorpe services due to 
contraflow. M50: Lane closures 
on both carriageways between 
junction 2 (Bury Court) and 
junction 3 (Jays Green). A46: 
Roadworks in Stratford-on- 
Avon outside Welcombe Hotel 
on A46 Warwick Rd; consid- 
erable delays at times. 

Wales and the West M5: 
Inside lane closed on both 
carriageways between junction 8 
and 9 (M50 and Tewkesbury): 
contraflow between junction 15 
(M4 interchange) and 16 
(Filton) on southbound i 
carriageway. A38: Lane closures 
between Ashburton and Plym- 
outh at Peartree interchange and 
between Dean Prior and 
ivybridge; contraflow on south- 
bound carriageway at South 
Brent. A470: Temporary traffic 
lights and roadworks between 
Builth Wells and LJyswen and at 
Henallt Wood. 

The North: M6c Contraflow 
between junction 31 (Preston) 
and junction 32 (M55) and 
single lane only for traffic 
joining southbound carriageway 
from M55 and A6. M63: Road 
widening between junctions 1 
and 3 at Barton Bridge, Chesh- 
ire: avoid. M61: Inside lane 
closures in both directions at 
junction M61/M6 (Blacow 
Bridge L 

Scotland: Glasgow Burst wa- 
ter main repairs on A82 Great 
Western Rd at Kelvinbridge; 
diversions for westbound traf- 
fic. A 726: Major road develop- 
ments at Speirsbridge. 
Thomliebank. Renfrewshire; 
long delays likely. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Airports 
Dill, third reading: Anned 
Forces Bill, remaining stages. 

Lords (3.00): Gas Bill second 

fresh, occasion 




mmm • 

,t ,'tl (jJ 

N to NE 

ate; max temp 7C 



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unlay: O 




indy in the SE 






























11.17 . 

2 A 

















4 A 







itmjjia 1 1 ii iIm! 

M II M >1 I ! Kill! 

Snow reports 

Depth Conditions Weather 

t’* n . O? Runs to (5pm) 

L U Piste Piste resort - • 


™"U pa ^ on S« r X» 900d cn,a ,a * ™" 

^ea., snowfall Srtsp h " v * « 00d <*“' 

Val Thprans 190 225 good powder good fair 
New snow on good base 

15 2i0 good varied fair doud 

Slush on lower slopes 

•*< u 



STOCK market 

FT 30 Share 
1376.5 (-11;6 

.ftvse ibo ■ - - 
1659.0 (-16.7 


US Dollar 
1.4610 (-0.012) 

W German mark 
3.4144 (-0.028) 
75.8 (-0.9) 

Setback at 

Heavy losses at Fidelity, the 
radio company, pushed pretax 
profils at Mr Swraj Paul’s 
Caparo Industries last year 
down to £950.000 from £2.7 
million. Without the problems 
at Fidelity they would have 
lopped £5.7 million. Mr Paul 

Caparo paid almost £14 
million for Fidelity and has 
started legal action against its 
directors and Touche' Ross, 
the auditors, claiming profits 
and stock values had been 
heavily overstated. 

Caparo’s. other industrial 
activities did wen and the 
company is maintaining the 
dividend at l.’65p a share. 
Shares were unchanged at 4Sp. 

Pearl up 13% 

Pearl Assurance’s net prof- 
its for the year lb December 31 
rose 13 per cent to £14:55 
million. A final dividend of 
28.75p was declared, making 
44p for the year compared 
with 38p for 1984. 

Tempos, gage 23 

Smiths rises 

Smiths Industries, the aero- 
space and medical equipment 
supplier, lifted profits from 
£20.3 million to £22.9 million 
before tax in the 26 weeks to 
February l. The interim divi- 
dend has been increased from. 

Tempos, page 23 

Broker jumps 

Stewart Wrightson, the in- 
surance broker, made taxable 
profits m 1985 of £ 18,7 mil- 
lion: a rise of 35.4 per ceni 
The dividend was raised 2X2 
per cent to lip. 

Tempos* page 23 

Belhaven deal 

Belhaven Brewery Group, is 
to acquire polamore 
Holdings’ wines and spirits 
distribution business for. 
£8 1 5,000 through the issue of 
1.72 million Belhaven shares. 

BHP writs 

- BHP has issued Supreme 
Court writs in Australia 
against several companies, in- 
cluding the Bell Group, and 
against Mr Robert Holmes a 
Court, alleging breaches of 
securities industry codes and 
seeking divestiture of shares. 

No payout 

Dwek Group is passing the 
dividend for 1985 despite 
returning to profits, but it is 
considering a payout this year. 
Pretax profit for the year was 
5130,000. compared, with a 
loss of £1 77,000, despite a foil 
in sales from £ 1 6.5 1 million to 
£14.36 million.- 

Stock issue 

London & Provincial Shop 
Centres is issuing a £15 mil- 
lion debenture stock at 
£99.951. with a coupon of 10 

Cowells leaps 

Cowells, the Ipswich-based 
specialist printing group, 
raised pretax profits last year 
bv 52 per cent to £826,000 — ; 
topping the £750,000 forecast 
made at the time of its arrival 
on the USM. 

iwson urges rich nations 
stand by agreed policies 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor, yesterday urged 
the industrialized nations to 
commit themselves to pub- 
lished policies on interest 
rales, exchange rales and infla- 
tion as. a means of sustaining 
world growth. 

The Chancellor’s address to 
the Interim Committee of the 
International Monetary Fbnd 
offered a specific means of 
carrying but the recommenda- 
tion bfthe largest industrial- 
ized nations that policy 
indicators be considered as the 
next step, in reforming the 
world economy: - . * ’ 

Mr Lawson told world fr= 
nance ministers he favoured 
. the implementation of some- 
thing akin no a “score card 
. system” under which the lead- 
ing. nations would be ‘ rated 
periodically on their success in 
carrying out their medium- 
term economic policies. - 
The Chancellor’s reconi- 

Boost for 
big theme 
park plan 

By. DerekHarris 

Industrial Editor 
WonderWorld, Britain’s 
most ambitious' but much- 
delayed theme park project, 
has secured Chase Manhattan, 
the American bank, to put 
together the £150 millibn fi- 
nancing for the first phase of 
the project at the old steel 
town of Corby . in 

Chase is confident the fi- 
nancing will be raised, largely 
from the Far East, the United 
States and Europe including 
London. WonderWorld said 
yesterday. Financing arrange- 
ments should be completed 
before the end. of the summer 
to allow construction to begin 
aimed at an opening in 1989. 

Mr John Ferguson, deputy 
chairman of AE and former 
head of BSR, has been ap- 
pointed chairman of 
WonderWorld. Joint deputy 
managing directors are Mr 
Gerald Baptist and Mr lain 
Quicke the former advertising 
executives who were the origi- 
nators of the WonderWorld 
plan whose overall cost has 
now been put at £400 million. ' 
What was described as a 
“significant” shareholding has 
been taken in WonderWorld 
by Brent Walker Holdings, 
which has a number of leisure 
interests - 

The key financing targets 
have been to raise around £25 
million in the United States 
markets, as much again in 
Japan and possibly around 
£20 million jn. .London. The 
project is likely to benefit from 
grants mid soft loans from 
EEC sources. 

The project ran into fresh 
delays a year ago when its lead 
bank, a European one, pulled 
out because of its own unrelat- 
ed difficulties. Originally the 
aim had been to have the first 
phase of WonderWorld oper- 
ating by the middle of the ■ 
present decade. 

£46m Turner 
rights call 

Turner & Newall is raising 
£46 million by wayof a l-for-4 
rights issue at 175p a share, 
which represents a discount of. 
24 per cent to its current price 
of 231p. 

The proceeds will be used 
for expansion, either by acqui- 
sition , or investment in fixed 
assets^ The main areas of 
expansion will be the . United 
Kingdom. America and 

Turner and Newall last 
month reported pretax profits 
of £39.6 million for the year to 
December. . . 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

mendation was regarded as damaged if 
one step forward in the search enlarged as m 
by developed nations to find a nations have d 
means °f achieving greater The Chance 
surveillance of economic poll- more favours! 
ges to- build on world growth. British ^noi 
Tins is the direction in which wor|d g^non,. 
all countries appear to be no!ed u0 
moving oh the issue of inter- world j s 
national monetary reform. from a lower 

Yesterday's joint meeting of 
the IMF and the Worid Bank 
revealed there, is no dear 
support among developed na- 
tions for the sort of foil-scale 
international monetary re- 
forms proposed by those who 
seek another Bretlon Woods 
In addition, the conference 
revealed that, many of the 
largest nations, including 
West Germany, Britain and 
Japan, do not favour the 
.convening of a monetary con- 
ference similar to the one 
proposed by the Reagan Ad- 
ministration. They fear co- 
ordination of policies could be 

damaged if (he forum is 
enlarged as many developing 
nations have demanded. 

The Chancellor presented a 
more favourable view of the 
British economy and of the 
world economy in genera L He 
noted that, unlike last spring, 
the world is now benefiting 
from a lower dollar, lower 
international interest rale and 
lower oil prices. He . said the 
British economy would grow 
by 3 per cent in 1986 and 
inflation would remain low in 
the 3:5 per cent range. For the 
first half of 1987, the Chancel- 
lor put British growth at 2.5 
per cenL 

He hailed the September 22 
“Plaza Accord” as an impor- 
tant step forward in bringing 
stability to erratic exchange 
rates. He said the job of 
industrialized nations is to 
build on the Plaza Accord, 
implying that the Group of 
Five industrialized nations 

Japanese surplus 
soars to $52bn 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

Japan's trade surplus hit 
new heights last year, even by 
its own extraordinary stan- 
dards, leaping 50 per cent 
from 1984. 

The record surplus was 
more than $52 billion (£35.5 
bilBoa), the first ' time the 
surplus-hag topped $50 billion. 

Exports totalling over $182 
billion were np by 7.7 percent, 
the biggest increases being in 
cars and communications 
equipment. Imports, in con- 
trast, showed an embarrassing 
drop of 3 3 per cent at a time 
when Japan is seeking to 
convince the world that it is 
serious about, increasing them. 
Imports were about $130 bil- 
lion, according to the ministry 
of finance. 

The drop m imports is being 
attributed, at least in part to 
cheaper oil imports denomi- 
nated in dollars. 

About 82 per cent of the 
surplus of $443 billion was 
with the United States. That 
with the European Economic 
Community reached $12.6 bil- 
lion and that with China $5.7 
billion • 

Despite the rapid apprecia- 
tion of the yen against the 
dollar no quick tarmwmd in 
the. situation is expected al- 
though exports have slowed 
this year. 

The prime minister, Mr 
Yasnhiro Nakasone, was con- 
fident when be met American 
journalists yesterday before 

Yasnhiro Nakasone: Change 
on the way 

his visit to the' US that by the 
end of the year the situation 
would change. 

The Japanese government 
has this week announced a 
short-term package of mea- 
sures to stimulate foe domestic 
economy, and it has received a 
high-level report on medium to 
long-term structural changes . 
in the economy directed at 
bonding op Japanese imports. 

The package was short on 
specifics and prospects of an 
immediate effect on foe situa- 
tion while the report contained 
some radical thinking, bat this 
has a long way to go before it 
overcomes foe deeply-rooted 
conservative instincts of the 
ruling Liberal Democratic 
Party and its backers in 
business and farming. 

Half-point cut in Tokyo 
discount rate likely 

From David Smith, Tokyo 

Japanese monetary policy, 
now intended to operate “more 
flexibly**, is likely to involve 
an early half-point cut in foe 
official discount rate, currently 
.4 per cent. 

Such a cut, which would be 
the third this year, will be 
guaranteed if the yen shows 
any signs of strengthening. 

The yen’s 35 per cent rise to 
180 against foe dollar since 
last September has pet .foe 
-squeeze on parts of Japanese 
industry not unlike the great 
contraction of British industry 
in the strong pound days of 


Even then, British business- 
men worried about a whole 
range of issues alongside foe 
strong currency, including 
high interest rates and rapidly 
rising business costs. In Japan 
today, foe yea stands virtually 
alone as a matter of concern. 

Official figures released 
yesterday showed that ex- 
ports, on a letter of credit 
basis, totalled 510.06 billion 

last month, 10.03 per cent op 
on a year earlier. However, 
Bank of Japan officials said 
that, after allowing for foe j 
yen's rise agamst the dollar, 
there was a true decline of W 
per cent 

Mr Takeshi Ota, an execu- 
tive director of the Bank of 
Japan, said yesterday that foe 
authorities, having won foe 
praise of Japanese business- 
men for securing a shift in foe 
yen-do liar rate from above 240 
to 200, suddenly found them- 
selves under a track when foe 
rate moved further, to 175 at i 
one stage. 

The Bank of Japan's view is 
font foe rise to 180 is “far 
enough”, Mr Ota said. 

Official anxiety of foe effect 
of foe yen’s rise on business 
was also evident m Mr i 
Nakasone's economic pack- 
age, with a redaction hi inter- • 
est rates on government loans 
to small and medium- sized 

representing the most impor- 
tant currencies is the proper 
forum to stabilize exchange 

At ibe same lime, the 
Chancellor said the largest 
industrialized nations must 
devise a better system to 
handle the world’s reserve 
currency holdings. Mr 
Lawson, noting the large por- 
tion of reserves held in dollars, 
said these holdings must be 
diversified by generating 
greater international flows. 
This could be accomplished . 
only if the largest nations, ; 
such as Japan, remove obsta- 
cles to the internationalization 
of their currencies and create 
tradable instruments. 

• Mr Lawson yesterday 
also signed an agreement mak- 
ing Britain one of the founding 
members of the new Multilat- 
eral Investment Guarantee 
Agency* (Miga) designed to 
promote private investment 
in developing countries. 

licence for 

By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 

Jones Lang Wootton, one of 
the world's biggest chartered 
surveyors, has taken out a 
licence to deal in securities, 
and it is now a member of the 
National Association of Secu- 
rities Dealers and Investment 

The move has been prompt- 
ed by the threat of big bang. 
Many of the merchant banks 
and financial conglomerates 
are treading on the toes of the 
surveyors who have had a grip 
on the property investment 
market. But. as deregulation 
looms and new forms of 
funding investments in large 
City -of London offices and a 
multitude of retail develop- 
ments become an urgent mat- 
ter, surveyors are having to 
look to their laurels. 

Jones Lang Wootton, which 
has offices across the world, is 
gearing up to meet fierce 
competition. Its financial ser- 
vices division has joined 
Nasdim. and it will not be 
allowed to buy, sell or let 
property, maintaining the 
Chinese Wall required by 

Mr Noel Taylor, a senior 
partner, said last night: “ We 
are very aware of our vulnera- 
bility to predaiors in the 
market.” Vr Taylor will be 
consultin' to the financial 
services division. 

Speculation is mounting 
that JLW will be looking for 
City expertise to help it hold 
its competitive position after 
big bang. But Mr Taylor savs: 
*“We want to be ready for 
unitization, the sale of units in 
single commercial properties, 
but we are not sure we need to 
recruit City people. We have 
people of our o»n in foe 
market place right- up front i 
We see more of a danger of 
surveyors being pouched by 
the City.” 

The Royal Institution of 
Chartered Surveyors, foe rul- 
ing body for foe profession, 
has its own regulations about 
how firms may operate. JLW 
says that it does not foresee 
any difficulty complying with 
R1CS regulations alter joining 
Nasdim, but the matier is still 
under discussion. 

Profits fall 
at Alcan 

Lower profits for 1 985 were 
announced yesterday by Brit- 
ish Alcan Aluminium which 
dominates aluminium smelt- 
ing and fabrication in Britain. 

Pretax profits fell from 
£49.8 million to £43.5 million. 


New York 

Dow Jones 


Nikkei Dow 

Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng 

Amsterdam: Gen 


Fran* run: 
Commerzbank ... 

Genera) — —■ 

Parts: CAC 


SKA General ... - 

.. 1762-45 (+12.69) 
15110.1 8 (+98.121 
. 17523a 1+24.41) 

i 268.0 (+1-0) 

1154 £ (+6.5) 

2194.1 (+2.1) 

..... 61992 (-3.38) 

367.1 (same) 

524.70 (sane) 


Boosey and Hawkes . 

Turner, and N — ; 



Ash anti Lacy 




Wards Storeys 

J Fisrser 


Mercury Secs 

Stock Com 

Rowland Gaunt 

_170d<+ 22) 
... 2331 p (+211 
I86p (+10) 
334p r+im 


174p (+46) 
..... 305p (+18) 

- 75p (+9) 

- 1478p (+30) 
S78p (+35) 

- 6A5p [+15) 
-d 125p (+12) 

City pact near on trading 
in international securities 



C: Si.4610 

E. DM3.414* 

£-. S«»Fr2 8628 
£ Ffr1O0t®6 
£ YenZfl32 76 

£’ [noe*'7&-8 

New York: 

£: Sl-46i0 
S. DM23370 
S: Inoex: 119.5 

ECU £0.633848 



Barth Saw: 11* ^ 
jumcran interbank 10 s '■'-ItH* 
3-montn ehtftte MBiUPie'w 
buying rare 

Prime Rate 9®* 

Federal Funds 65S*» 

3^rwnn Treasury Bills S4J7-6.0sn» 
30-year bon® 123V123* 

Glaxo — 


FH Tomkins — 

Bestooea — 

Smunstad — 

Burton ~ 

WH Snthns 

Our Price 



RT Zmc 

Frenqn Connection 


- 262d f-9p) 
-. 960p(-17) 

— 9l4p (-7) 

.... 266p (-1 1) 

.- 356p (-25) 
... 305p(- 13} 
_ 3 1 On (-14) 
3i*0 (-22) 
-.830D (-181 

8700 (-30) 
126 o (- 10 ) 

105p (-20) 

Lawton R*6np 
AM S338.ES pnvS337.85 
dose S338JJ0-33650 (£229.75- 

New York: 

The Stock Exchange and the 
international Securities Regu- 
latory Oiganization (ISRO) 
are dose to reaching agree- 
ment on foe formation of a 
Recognized Investment Ex- 
change to govern trading in 
international securities under 
the new self-regulatory frame- 
work for the City. 

Mr lan Steers, chairman of 
ISRO. said yesterday that the 
two parties had reached an 
“agreement in principle” on 
- the question of a joint Stock 
Exchange/ ISRO exchange. 

He said: “We ha ve agreed to 
form a Recognized Invest- 
ment Exchange, and are now 
working out the ways and 
means in which it will operate. 

“We arc having detailed 
discussions on matters such as 
. foe appropriate machinery 
and trade dealing equipment” 
Mr Steers added that the 
new-exchange would not oper- 
ate through a trading floor. 
“We do' not need a floor for 

By Lawrence Lever 

international equity trading.” 

Mr Steers also held out the 
possibility of a merged Stock 
Exchange and ISRO in addi- 
tion to a joint Recognized 
Investment Exchange. This 
would email foe creation of a 
single self-regulatory organiza- 
tion to govern the diverse 
areas of activity undertaken 
by ISRO and the exchange. 

ISRO. which represents 
most of the leading foreign 
banks and investment houses, 
encompasses the huge Euro- 
bond market in addition to 
trading in leading internation- 
al shares olT the Stock Ex- 
change floor. 

Mr Stephen Raven of Rowe 
and Pitman, the broker, who 
is a joint chairmen of the 
Stock Exchange/ ISRO work- 
ing party, said yesterday that 
discussions between the two 
sides had been going “ex- 
tremely well." 

“1 would not go so far as to 
say that we had actually 

reached an agreement yet." he 
said. “We ha*e had prelimi- 
nary reports from two working 
parties looking at existing 
screen-based pricing and set- 
tlement systems, but are now 
wailing for detailed reports.” 

“In principle we would like 
to do il. but it is a very 
sensitive subject “ 

In a separate development 
yesterday, two of the intended 
self-regulatory organizations 
announced that they are to 

The National Association of 
Securities Dealers and Invest- 
ment Managers (NASDIM) is 
joining with the Life and Unit 
Trust Intermediaries Regula- 
tory Organization (LUTTROl 
to form the Regulatory Oiga- 
nization for Investment Bro- 
kers. Managers and Dealers. 

The neu group will be 
headed initially by Mr Mark 
St Giles, the’ chairman of 
NASDIM. It will have a 
membership of up to 20.000. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Two-way stretch 
on interest rates 

Yesterday's money supply figures 
were not the way the market was 
hoping things would go after the 
Budget. The steep rise in Sterling M3 
of 2.25 per cent in March caught most 
of the City’s analysts by surprise and 
seemed ah obstacle to another early 
fall in bank base rates. But the 
messages beamed from the Wash- 
ington meetings, of a general inter- 
national decline in rates, at least 
acted as a distraction. 

The M3 result implies an annual 
growth rate of 16.5 per cent — an 
unfortunate figure the month after 
Nigel Lawson jacked up the target 
range for M3 to 1 1 to 15 per cent in 
the Budget for this fiscal year. Rather 
as in March last year, though, the 
analysts were probably caught out by 
the phasing out of capital allowances 
from April 6. This almost certainly 
contributed to the surge in bank 
lending in banking March to £2.6 
billion, compared with £1.52 billion 
in February, as companies borrowed 
early to take advantage of the higher 

The other major and unexpected 
factor in the expansion of Sterling M3 
was the boost from the public sector 
— to the tune of £900 million. Not 
only was the public sector borrowing 
requirement of £500 million not 
matched by sales of debt to the non- 
bank private sector (which cancels 
out its effect on the money supply) 
but the effect of gilts’ redemptions 
was to add a further £400 million to 
the expansionary impact of the 

This reflects with a vengeance the 
Government’s change in strategy, 
abandoning overfunding — selling 
more debt than is necessary to match 
public borrowing — in order to 
counteract the rise in private bank 
lending. The authorities yesterday 
were saying soothingly that an end to 
overfunding inevitably meant that 
the Government would on occasion 
underfund. Even so, the Sterling M3 
figures are an embarrassing prelude 
to the Chancellor’s promised speech 
on monetary policy. 

M0 was much as expected, growing 
by 0.5 per cent during the month, but 
this is a measure by which the 
markets do not set as much store as 
the Chancellor. Certainly the figures 
worried the markets. Yesterday 
morning, before they appeared, 
short-term sterling money market 
rates were dropping rapidly, register- 
ing a fall of up to 7/16ths in the one 
and three-month maturities. After 
the figures the market predictably 
began to harden. But it eased as hopes 
oflower rates world wide were fuelled 
by the Washington meetings. 

The Bank of England’s blessing on 
yesterday's cut in bank base rates is 
an indication that the authorities 
regard the banking March figures as 
an aberration or. at least, hope that 
they are. No doubt the Government, 
with today's Fulham by-election in 
mind, was keen to promote this view. 
However, the figures do not inspire 
confidence — particularly with the 
possibility that the phasing out of 

iBr Per cent 
,, 1 change 



. .RANGE a 


capital allowances will push up 
lending in banking April as well. 

Sterling M3 may be on its way out 
as a monetary indicator, but 'it can 
cause some embarrassment even in 
its twilight hours. 

Pension tax storm 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer has 
stirred up a hornet’s nest by propos- 
ing in the Budget a lax on pension 
fund surpluses. The developing 
storm could soon rival the clamour 
over American Depositary Receipts, 
which has attracted the criticism of 
the chairmen of BAT Industries, ICI 
and others.. 

The plan is that any pension fund 
with a surplus would be required to 
reduce the excess of assets over 
liabilities to 5 per cent by improving 
benefits, reducing contributions or 
taking cash out of the fund. While the 
profession as a whole recognises that 
the surplus question needed tackling 
it has raised several questions about 
the way the Chancellor has chosen to 
approach it. 

Today the National Association of 
Pension Funds is due to write to Mr 
Ian Stewart, Economic Secretary to 
the Treasury , setting out its views. 
While welcoming the increased cer- 
tainty that the new rules would bring, 
it wifi claim that the 5 percent limit is 
too low. It will also argue that there 
should be some sort of appeal 
procedure for special cases. 

The five per cent limit has been 
heavily criticised for not allowing a 
sufficient safety margin lo take 
account of the volatility of asset 

Mr Giles Keating . editor of 
Financial Outlook at the London 
Business School, has however devel- 
oped a new plan. He has argued 
strongly in support of the Chancellor 
but now suggests a modification to 
take account of different ways of 
valuing assets. He says that where 
assets are valued by reference to their 
market value pension schemes 
should be required to reduce a 
surplus to. say. 20 per cent : or where 
the new method, yet to be set out by 
the Government Actuary, is used, to 
5 per cent. Based on tiis aggregate 
estimate for pension surpluses of£5Q 
billion . he reckons this would still 
bring in as much as £1.5 billion to the 
Revenue by 1987-8. 

With comments on the actuarial 
issues due in next week, however, the 
battle has only just begun. 


Results for the year to 31st December 1985 









Trading profit 




Profit before tax 




Earnings per ordinary 

share after tax 



+ 19.1% 

Dividend payment 

per share 



+ 14.0% 

Points made by the Chairman, Mr. Ewart Boddington: 

■ Improved results were achieved in all areas of the business. 

■ Higsons contributed £0,368 million to the group profit, net of 
additional loan stock interest of £0.520 million. 

■ Boddingtons' performed strongly during the second half, with 
trading profit for the period up by 22.8%. 

■ Volume sales of draught beer to both tied and free trade customers 
increased by nearly 3% in the second half. 

■ Lager sales continued to rise and much higher profits were 
achieved through volume and margin improvement. 

■ Profit from retailing, including catering, was up by more than 30%, 
wholesaling by 16% and take-home by 17%. 

Annual General Meeting, Britannia Hotel, Portland Street, 

Manchester, 1 1 .45am Friday 2nd May. 

Copies ot the Annual Repon may be obtained from. 

The Company Secretary, PO Bo* 331. Strangeways Brewery. 

Manchester M60 3EL. 

Strangeways Brewery, Manchester 

.^ddiogtom | 

- m x . 

22 THE TIMES THURSDAY APRIL 10 1986 — — ^ 

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(A small reminder: our best ofifer is now higher than the Imperial share price by the amount above.) 

Our offer next closes on April 11 at 5p.m. 

A N 

O N 

T R U 


Tlii*iibn\f fUrure reprrsrnis t hr riifTrmirr^ brlwrrti ihc\iiliifiirihr iiansonTnifJ shiire and rnn« edible Alnrk election and lln:\alue perordinnn .share uf Imperial Group. The values are based on market prices at 3 . 50 p.m. on Wednesday and lake account of oh i • h\ Moarc (Inveii [.id. oTihe value of ihr to per cenL convertible l'>un slock orHaiihonTn 1 st. Tile value oTlhe convertible slock is estimated because il will only be listed in the event ofthe offer becomin g unconditional 







In a good year in the life 
assuran ce business,pre- 
mjum income grows by 
■20 per cent; in a not so 
good year, it grows by 10 
per cent. With these 
words, James Elinslie, 
deputy chairman of Peart 
Assurance, summarizes 
the attractions.- of its 
main business. 

Genera] insurance 
business, on the other 
hand, has never ac- 
counted for more thaij 70 
per cent of Pearl's profit 
birt-imderwrituig lost £20 
million in 1984, rising to 
£22 million in 1985. 

Pearl yesterday an- 
nounced a net profit of 
£16.44 million for. the 
year to December 31, a 
13 per cent increase on 
1984. The life business in 
both industrial and or- 
dinary branches did well. 

Pearl's general branch 
business did not do well. 
Both the reinsurance and 
overseas sectors man , 
aged to reduce losses, but 
in. Britain underwriting 
losses rose to £11.81 
million from £7.02 mil- 

Bad weather and large 
claims in the commercial 
sector resulted in prop- 
erty losses of £5.8 mil- 
lion, up from £3.1: 
million. Motor losses 
rose to £4.1 million from 
£2.6 million. 

Pearl is increasing 
miums and introducing 
excesses tanging from 
£25 to £75. 

( One reason for the 
small size of Pearfs gen- 
eral insurance business is 
that the traditional Peari 
life policy holder, the 
obvious first target for. a 
sale, more often than not 
lives in a council house, 
has no . car, mid has 
difficulty in believing 
that his house contents 
are valuable enough to 
be worth insuring. Pearl 
aims to broaden its cus* 
tomer base through a 
link-up with the AHiance 
& Leicester Budding 


in a new setting 

Tbe : increase in the 
dividend from - 38p to 
44p for the year is wel- 
come. However,, solid 
evidence that -foe under- 
writing fosses are under 
.control will be needed 
before ' the' shares are 
likely to perform 
strongly. ; , . 



Stewart Wrightson’s warn- 
ing. after a hamper, first halt 
that the. pace would slow in 
the second faiidf ' proved cor- 
\ recL . 

Even; so, pretax profits 
growth of 35.4 per cent in 
1985 to £18.7 niilljon was 
impressive and the market 
responded fry marking the 
shares 3p higher at 422p. 
■Profits would have been £3.6 
million higher had exchange 
-.rates prevailingai the end of 
1984 been, applied. The com- 
pany uses end-year exchange 
rates) though averages would 
have hi^n nr more flattering 
last year. 

Growth was. very strong in 
America wife turnover 42 per 
cent higher'm dollar terms 
Group brokerage income rose 
by an vadesfying 18.5 per 
cent - and expenses by an 
UBdertying 1812 per cenL 

The problems of contract- 
ing rtapacity, particularly in 
fiability .business, remain 
acute. In extreme cases the 
brokos simply cannot place 
fee business; in others the 
cover is reduced for a far 
fai^ier premium. ■ 

Meantime their own errors 
and omissionsccsls are rising 

Despite fee constraints, fee 
outlook is bright Rate-hard- 
ening continues, although the 
increases are not now cn such 
dramatic proportions. Avia- 
tion, . where Stewart 
Wrightson is a market leader, 
has, however, seen sharp 
increases in rates this year 
after i985*s spate of large 

The company is expected 
to* Drake taxable profits of 
around £23 million this year, 
giving a prospective p/e ratio 
of 13. The tax charge last year 
was high at 40.4 per cent, due 
to strong American profits, 
but -should reduce slightly to 
around 38 per cent this yean 

Willis Faber, fee premium 

stock among insurance bro- 
kers, is selling on a prospec- 
tive p/e of IS indicating there 
is something to go for in 
Stewart Wrightson’s shares. 
A dividend increase of 22.2 
percent to Up gives a yield of 
3.7 per cent. 

Smiths Industries 

Most companies complain 
about the effects of exchange 
rate volatility but few have as 
good cause as Smiths 

Not only have sharp cur- 
rency movements restricted 
reported profits growth to 13 
per cent against an underly- 
ing increase .of more than 25 
per cent, but they have also 
made it seem that turnover 
fell slightly. 

The crucial question hang- 
ing over Smiths has been 
whether it can produce organ- 
ic growth , once the effects of 
its restructuring , notably its 
withdrawal from both South 
Africa and the motor compo- 
nents industry, work through. 
Thus the importance at- 
tached to the sales figure. 

After allowing for exchange 
.rates and discontinued busi- 
nesses, there was an underly- 
ing increase of 13 per. cent. 
This supports the company’s 
claim on continuing growth. 

The aerospace and defence 
division which contributed 
£6.96 million before interest 
to the £22.9 million pretax 
figure has a much more 
secure future following the 
extension of the Tornado 

The medical systems busi- 
ness is doing well but the 
industrial side stood still in 
profit terras last year. De- 
mand from the semi conduc- 
tor industry for dean air 
systems was depressed but 
fee company is confident of 
eventual recovery. 

Though the existing busi- 
nesses should expand on their 
own. .acquisitions would be 
useful for the group. With a 
growing cash balance, Smiths 
can certainly afford them but 
it seems in no bony. 

At 310p the share price 
however is anticipating plen- 
ty of excite menLThe shares 
are trading on 20 times 
earnings, assuming profits 
reach £55 million this year. 
Investors might consider this 
a good moment to take 

New Opec 
hit prices 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

Oil prices have been sent 
downwards oh fears that the 
North Sea o0 strike may not 
interrupt Norwegian supplies 
enough to persuade the Orga- 
nization of Petroleum Export- 
ing Countries to adopt lower 
output quotas next week in 
Geneva. ■ 

Brent crude is being quoted 
at S 1 2.60 a barrel after reach- 
ing more than $14 this week. 

Analysis fear the Opec 
meeting will end with several 
members refusing to trim their 
production to the necessary 

However, Mr Bob Reid, 
chairman of Shell UK. one of 
the biggest North Sea produc- 
ers, told oil executives in 
Glasgow that companies 
should maintain production 
as long as the price covered 

Mr Reid said that develop- 
ment projects should contin- 
ue. though those on the 
drawing board should be re- 
viewed. As much exploration 
and appraisal work as possible 
should be maintained. 

He added: “Over the last 20 
years the North Sea has 
thrown out some of the tough- 
est challenges the oil industry 
has ever faced." 

• British Gas has lost 20 per 
cent of its normal daily sup- 
plies because of the Norwe- 
gian oil strike. Supplies are 
being augmented by gas from 
undergo und storage caverns 
and by extra from British 
North Sea fields. Supplies for 
industrial customers on 
intemiptable contracts are be- 
ing reduced. 





Government stocks again 
claimed the spotlight in an 
otherwise dull stock market 
yesterday as dealers anticipat- 
ed further cuts in interest 

The buoyant mood was 
dampened in the afternoon by 
a disappointing surge in bank 
lending and money supply 
figures last month and early 
gains on the two major index- 
es were wiped oul 

The FT-30 index tumbled 
by 11.6 points to dose at 
1376.5 and the more broadly 
based FT-5E 100 Index by 
16.7 to finish at 1639. 

Shares had another drab 
session. Wall Street's over- 
night rebound haring little 
effect. Jobbers reported persis- 
tent selling by small investors 
still taking profits in the new 
financial year. 

The imminence of a num- 
ber of big bang mergers which 
will be completed on Friday 
was also given as a reason for 
jobbers keeping their books 

Leading industrials lost be- 
tween 2p and 9p in the main 
but Glaxo was again a heavy 
casualty at 960p. down 17p, 
ahead of next Tuesday's inter- 
im figures. GKN was another 
dull spot at 358p. down 12p. 
but Plessey, BTR and Vickers 
were among those to resist the 
trend with small 

The day was not without its 
bright spots. Turner and 
Newall advanced 21p to 233p 
after the chairman’s optimis- 
tic remarks accompanying a 
£46m rights issue. McEedutie 
Brothers rebounded 20p to 
2 1 2p. dealers hoping that Wil- 

liams Holdings will return 
with a new bid now that its 
offer for Newman Tonks bad 

Good profits from Smiths 
Industries failed to help the 
shares, at 305p down I3p. 
while rights issue rumours 
unsettled Birmid Qua! cast, at 
I25 f '»p down 5'/’p. RFD 
Group washoisted 46p to 1 74p 
afie-an unwelcome otTer from 
Wfepie Storeys. 18p higher at 
30Sp following the 21 per cent 
earnings expansion. 

Recent results continued to 
support Wilson Connolly, at 
448p up Sp. while Spirax 
Sarco celebrated a 21 per cent 
improvement with 6p rise to 
IS2p. Profit-taking cm S'rip 
and 25p from bid favourites 
I ike Aurora at 65’£p and Best 
Obeli at 355p. 

United Scientific continued 
to suffer from adverse com- 
ments, down 7p to 1 38p. while 
Simon Engineering lost 4p to 
226p in front of today's 

results. Dealers are looking for 
profits ofaround £22 million, 
£3 million below last year 

Renisbaw jumped !6p to 
334p after comment and Ash 
and Lacy were lifted 16p to 
405p on further reaction to 
Tuesday's results. 

Stores were drab again de- 
spite the cheerfol outlook for 
interest rales and inflation. 
W H Smith tumbled 22p to 
314p on adverse comment 
about its aquisition of Our 
Price. 18p lower at 630p. 
Wool worth Holdings slipped 
20p to 870p awaiting takeover 
developments while losses of 
around I5p were recorded 
against Barton at 3 1 Op and 
Gns A at 104pp. 

The Sinclair deal continued 
to stimulate Am s trad. at 502p 
up Sp. Parker Knoll was 
wanted at 40Sp. up lOp, while 
among firm Irish issues. Wa- 
terford Glass rose 6p to I24p 
and Jefferson Smurfit was 
called 8p higher at 168p. 

AWMtl M V (180p) 
Ashley (L) (135pJ 
BPP I160D) 
Broofcmounr (150p) 
Chart FL (86u) 
Chancery Secs (63p) 
Conv 9% A 2000 
Cranswick M i95p> 
Dialene (l29pt 
Ferguson (j) jlOp) 
Grid Gm Trot (165pt 
Granyte Surface (5op 
Inoco (55p) 

JS Pathology flWpl 
Jarvrs Porter (lQ5p) 
Kieartrid (1l8p) 
Lexicon (Il5p) 

Macro 4 (1Q5p) 
MenvaJe M (1l5p) 
Norank Sys (90pl 
Really Useful (330p) 
SAC Inti (tOOp) 

207 -3 

£31 ’4 +>» 

190 +5 
28': -1 
190 +2 

75 -4 

■ 280 -1 
135 +2 

138 +2 
148 4-1 

328 -2 


SPP D25p) 


Tsmpieloo [21 5p) 

213 -5 

Sigmex (lOip) 


Snowdon & B (S7p) 


Sp*ce (90o) 


Tscti Comp (130p) 


Underwoods <i80p) 


Wellcome (i20pl 

200 -9 

W York Hosp (9 Op) 


WiCkes (140p) 



Cullens F/P 


Greycoat N/P 

36 -4 

Hartwm N/P 

NMW Comp F IP 


Poner cnad F/P 


Safeway UK 

£50 4-1 

Wales F/P 


Westland F/P 


(Issue pnee in brackets). 

Comment on Tuesday's re- 
sults lifted Kwfk Fit 7p to 
I0?p. Sea bis hardened 2p to 
76p after a press mention but 
the Hot Sam aquisition 
clipped 5p from Rotnstree at 
483p. The Marshalls Univer- 
sal aquisition knocked I Op 
from British Syphon at 126p. 
Tipbook gained support at 
253p. up Sp. Senfeigb im- 
proved 2p more to 34top after 
touching 36p. Continuous Sta- 
tionary, which is under new 
management after Tuesday's 
big stake change, climbed 9p 
more to 54p. 

Helical Bar rose 8p more to 
1 86p on asset injection hopes. 
A 54 per cent profit increase 
boosted Ferry Pickering 8p to 
1 54p but a 35 per cent setback 
knocked 20p from French 
Connection at I95j* 

Quieter insurances featured 
Pearl Assurance, at 1478p up 
30p, after satisfactory results. 
Stewart Wrightson put on 3p 
to 422p after a 36 per cent 
increase in earnings. 

Banks ended little changed 
after initial rises of I Op. Oils 
were mixed but good results 
prompted an Sp rise in Host- 
ing Petroleum, at I08p. The 
cheaper money trend simulat- 
ed Provident Financial at 

Vague talk of a bid from 
P & O lifted Stock Conversion 
25p to 655p. Rio Tinto-Zinc 
lost 15p to 724p ahead of 
results expected early today . 

Fading bid hopes left 
Lonrho 7p lower at 2S6p. 

In textiles, S Jerome 
jumped 5p to 90p in response 
to a 42 per cent profits 
increase and 20 per cent 
capitalization proposals. 

American connection 
cuts fashion profits 

A sharp cut in earnings at 
French Connection's Ameri- 
can subsidiary cm deeply into 
the fashion group's profits for 
the year ending January 31. 
Pretax profits fen from £7.5 
million to £4.9 million and 
earnings per share from 19. Ip 
to 15.6p. although fee final 
dividend was maintai ned at 
3.5p to leave an unchanged 
annual total of 5.25p. 

The USM-quoted retailer 
and manufacturer said profits 
from its 50 per centrowned 

By Richard Lander 

American subsidiary. Best ofj 
AO Clothing, slumped to 
£846,000 from £4.5 million in 

The company chairman, Mr 
Stephen Marks, reported that 
no significant market increase 
was expected in the US in the 
first, quarter. 

Elsewhere the picture was 
brighter wife pretax profits in 
the rest of fee company rising 
33 per cent from £3 million to 
£4 million 

The shares fell 20p to 195p. 

_ • . .v. •-» ■ • 


Revolving Budget Accounts 

Hie Royal Bank of 
Scotland announces that 
with effect from 
10 April 1986 the rate 
of interest charged on 
overdrawn balances will 
be reduced from 23% to 
22% p.a., and the net rate 
of interest paid on credit 
balances will be reduced 
from 8.22% to 5.98% p.a. 

StBMW lT*1 wtiii Sh Ea2nB. 

fcpK iurfl in Sr o rtm i l SBhSMIl. 


Notice «£ hereby giron that the 172nd Annual General Meeting 
nftlie Members of the Society be beMwitbiii the Head Office, . 

15 Dalkeith Road. Edinburgh, on Tuesday, tbe&h day of May 
at 2.30 pm for the following purposes- ' 

To consider the Accounts and Balance Sheets for the year ended 
3 lsi December 1935 and the Reports of the Directors and 

To elect Directors. 

To appoint Auditors. 

To Hs the remuneration of Directors. 

To Haas, if thought fit. the following Beariutiffln reco mm ended to 
Lbe Merab'.-rn by the Directors; 

■That the ram users Eton of the Auditors for the current year 
be fixed by i he Directors of the Society". 

T.i transact any other or* nary business proper loan Annua] 
Ornerji Meenni;. 

Form* of Pnn far the use of Members of the Society who are 
un.iMf to be present at the Meeting, but who may wish to vote 
thereat, rouv be ohtairwdon application to the undersigned. To be 
t-ff-e! ivv IT. odes most wadi titt Society's Hwd Office not lass 
than t vn clear working days before the lime for holding the 
Meeting- A Prosy need not be ‘a member of the Society. 


Managing DireclOT - 

15 Dalkeith Road. Edinburgh EH16 5BU 

1 April 1986 

RFD rejects £22m bid 

Wardle Storeys, the plastic 
sheeting manufacturers, 
launched a £21.9 million bid 
yesterday for the diversified 
RFD Group, whose products 
range from parachutes and 
lifesaving equipment to spe- 
cialist textiles and cable 

RFD advised shareholders 
not to take the offer and said it 
had received informal ap- 
proaches from other paries. 

Wardle, which also an- 
nounced a 21 per cent rise in 

interim pretax profits to £1.8 
million, is offering 1 1 shares 
for every 20 RFD units with a 
cash alternative of 137.5p. 
Wardle shares rose 18p to 
305 p, putting a value of 167p 
on RFD shares, which surged 
46pio 174p. 

Wardle’s managing direc- 
tor, Mr Brian Taylor, prom- 
ised to a new management 
style to RFD. He said it had 
become “a fragmented group 
of disparate buancncs lacking 

Blagden Industries PLC ■// 

Results for year 

Profit before taxation 
Profit after taxation 
Dividends per share 
Earnings per share 

1985 1984 

£000*3 £000*3 

119,886 72,401 

4,161 2,968 

2,171 2,147 

7.2p 7JZp 

8.0p 14.7p 

The Chemical Division continues to prosper and we are 
also expecting growth in our European packaging 
business where we have the benefit of sound and 
enthusiastic management together with a planned 
investment programme. Subject to the resolution of - 
the injection moulding problem, which we are 
determined to achieve as early as possible, I hope to 
see a sig nifica nt improvement in the overall 
perfo rma nee of our U. K. activities in th e cu rrent year. 
This will not only lead to improved results for the 
Group as a whole but will also enable management to 
concentrate more attention on the future direction of 
the Group and the areas in which it has its greatest 

A. R. Sparrow, Chairman. 




In the third quarter of 1986, the Secretariat cTEtat aux 
Travaux Publics win issue an invitation to tender, after 
prequalificaiion. regarding surface dressing and 
reinforcement of 360 km of paved road, financed by the 
international Development Association (I.D.A.). 

Companies interested are invited to collect the prequalifi- 
cation documents on/after April 16, 1986, either at the 
Embassy of the Republic of Guinea in Paris or at the 
Secretarial (fCUti aux Travaux Publics, Office du Ptnojct 
Routier - B.P. 581 Conakry. 

The Documents, duly completed, should reach the 
Secretariat aux Travaux Publics - B.P. Conakry, before 
June 16. 1986. at 2 P.M. 

The President of the Management Committee of the OPR 
Secretaire cFEtat attx Travanx Publics 

Allied Irish Banks pk announces that with effect 
from close of business on 9th April, 1986, 
its Base Rate was decreased from UV 2 % to 11% p^L 

Head Office - Britain: 64/66 Coleman Street, London EC2R SAL Tel: 01-588 0691 
and branches throughout the country. 





ISDX, the digital 
exchange that got the vote for 
both Houses of Parliament last 
Odobec, is now being installed 
in another section of the White- 
hall network. 

An ISDXco Kate- 

Nine of the new exchanges, 
plus one tandem exchange in 
the North Rotunda building, 
have been ordered in a £1.4m 
contract with British Telecom, 
who market Plessey ISDX as 
Merlin DX. 

Some 4.500 extensions will 
be linked by DPNSS (digital 
private network signalling 
system) in order to form one 
distributed system. 

Plessey is developing a radical new multifunction radar technology 
based on solid-dale antennae. This will keep ahead of the increasing 
multi-level saturation threat, but also keep new systems affordable 
for the Services in years to come. 

next generation of airborne 
early warning aircraft. 

One of these new radars can 
outperform the current combi- 
nation of a surveillance radar 
and a number of tracking 
radars. Apart from large scale 
economies becoming possible 
by significantly reducing the 
number of radars needed, a 
computer will instantly control 
the radar beam and will be able 
to deal simultaneously with 
complex multiple threats. 


The key to this Plessey break- 
through in radar techno logy lies 
in the widespread use of 
gallium arsenide circuitry - an 
area where Plessey is a world 
leader. This enables them to 
build a phased-array sensor 
which is not only many limes 
more effective than the best of 
today s radars, but tsalso highly 
resistant to jamming and is 
capable of operating after a 
degree of battle damage. The 
complex machinery of tra- 
ditional ‘scanning' radars can be 
replaced by sensor panels 
which can be fixed or rotating. 

The use of these radars will 
radically alter the defensive 
capability of warships in the 
future. They are equally effec- 
tive in replacing other existing 
defence radars and can be land 
based, or vehicle mounted and 
will also be applicable to the 


it offers simplified manning 
and support requirements, and 
a real advance in bridging the 
affordability gap. 

Phased-anay active radars 
are the latest example of The 
Plessey Company's forward 
looking approach, and capital- 
isation on its skills, to produce 
innovative solutions to to- 
morrow's defence challenges. 


Technology is our business. 

PLESSE \'.tbeF!cs<ej symbol omt rSP.V ere iradi m.:rk< .v The ''•xsxy Cmjii * 

Another mobile data system 
contract from the Antwerp Police 
Department in Belgium has been 
won by Plessey. 

The equipment consists of a 
central message control com- 
putet; special terminals to 
operate over radio, communi- 
cation controllers and oui- 
station hardware. 

Plessey began to replace the 
old Antwerp Police telex 
network, which was slow, 
insecure, error-prone and 
expensive to run. in 1984. Now 
there is high-speed, error- 
free data communications 
between headquarters, div- 
isional stations and patrol cars. 

Information can be dissemi- 
nated throughout the network 
within milliseconds. Corres- 
pondingly, enquiries can be 
made from a police car to the 
central information data base 
and a reply received in seconds. 

Plessey has built up con- 
siderable expertise in mobile 
data, with systems installed in 
Hong Kong. Sweden. Dubai. f 
.Australia. Belgium and the UK. J 

Applications range from law- 
enforcement to fleet manage- 
ment. container yard and 
warehouse operations. 

Plessey Semicontiaciofs has 
announced low-cost versions 
of hs popular S PI 648 and 
SP1658 high speed bipolar 
integrated circuits for compu tore 

and peripherals, instrumenta- 
tion. telecoms and radio commu- 

SPlr»4SDP is an ECL oscil- 
lator. and SPltoSDP a voltage 
controlled multivibrator. 

Both these circuits, now 
available in plastic packages, 
are part of Plessey Semi- 
conductors’ standard emitter 
coupled logic t ECL ) range. 







New York (Renter) - WaU 
Sbwt stocks jumped higher 
yesterday from Tuesday's 
Strang^ dose; with investors 
becoming more bullish over 
prospects of tower interest 

Expectations of a discount 
rate cot continued to be a 
prime factor. *The discount 
rate fever is getting people off 
the sidelines," Mr Peter 
Foraiss of Drexel Burnham 




* ** *•* 


Lambert said. 

Scattered boy programmes 
and weaker oil also boosted 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which rose 34 points 
on Toesday, was np 15.44 
points to 1.785120 atone stage 
early yesterday. 

The transport average rose 
6.13 to 79453 and the utilities 
average was np 1 23 to 18&86. 

r r 

sE w Ji 





. BartfySwaJf 


Avemga tawtock priMsal 

itjawtulatM *«*■*■ b® 

an: Canto; «75?p per fcg iw 



Gw (+0.33) 

£ffl;RflS. 76.l8p per kg ha 

England and WAtoK 
Canto no* up iS-i Vam 


Ones. 261 50pti2ffl 

Pta not down a.0 *. **- 


came rm up zoa x am 
Sheep non. down i VL*. awe. 




£ par tome 

Wheat Bad ay 

©oso Clow 




Three Months _ 

pa 87 as&o-flssjo - 655.0 


|j «» J 


Three Month Swung Open 

Jun8S 90.66 

Sep 86 9157 

Dec 86 91.42 

Mar 87 ---r 9L41 

Previous (fay's total open rrtBrest 16801 
Three Month EurodoAar 

Jun86 — 9X39 

Sep 86 93.43 

nnc 86 93.33 

Mar 87 93.19 

US Treasury Bond 

Jun 88 102-58 

Sep 86 102-28 

Dec 86 101-2S 

Short Gin 

Jun 86 — — — 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Hkrti Low Close EstVol 
9074 90.59 90.66 3858 

91.33 9152 9158 1100 

9152 91-41 91 .52 351 

91.60 91.41 9150 250 

Previous day's total open interest T0OOT 
93.39 93.33 93.33 2529 

93.45 93.40 93.42 125T 

3337 9333 9334 499 

9350 93.17 93.16 160 

Previous (toy's tool open interest 6185 
103-29 102-ffl 103-14 8928 

102-28 102-17 1 02-24 7 

101 - 25 101-24 102-02 10 

Previous day's low open merest 920 

102- 55 702-20 102-22 537 

102-40 102-55 702 


102-22 537 

102-42 0 



Jun 86 — 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 — 

FT -SE 100 

Jun 86 

Sep 88 

Previous day's total open merest 10750 
128-29 12S04 127-34 127-27 11866 

128-27 129-04 12500 128-03 66 

N/T 12801 0 

N/T 127-29 0 

Previous day's toW Open merest 1919 
17050 17050 167.80 16865 557 

172.70 172.70 17055 17050 6 

I 1 "-- 'T : - -y.1 



aso; xi me 

.. «... nu 

50. 4.1 164 
HJ -08(28 

a*' as 128 

M 88878* 
AO 40 (3.7 
80 -88 MO 
Iff utu 
S3 MW 
.47 .78 ns 
3678 17215 
1298 08 80 
2*9 57 400 
318- 28848 
If*' 47 U 

S3. 08793 

BU Ottar Crwg rid 

Bat Ottar Cnng YU 

BM Ottar Omg YU 

Sd Ottar Ong YU 

JU..1J I I ,T) f 

B0. Houenfturst W. Bournemouth E 
034$ 717373 Utt«| 

GW S Fated 124.1 131 30 

r Nun Sc Equity 337 998# 

- WnMeSoad 176.J 1895 

- American Grontfi 155 4 (65 7 

J. Asm PacCc 41 2 442 

c Assets & Earns 99.1 iOS-9 

c CsWMm* 041 645a 

" cental S E-urcy 67 4 72 1# 

European Caonl BM 91M 

Gmerta 1411 1509 

Japan 643 694 

UK Grew® Inc 91 7 98 Sa 

Do Accum 1315 14130 

US Emerong Con S6J 602 

Equrllss 186.7 2094 

UdsratAcc 599 636 

Allied Dunoer Card, Sumdon SN1 

0733 610366 & 0793 28291 

- UK Grew® Inc 

- Do Accum 

. US Emtrgng Co o 

■*■1.0 9.14 
-1 1 497 
♦•25 512 
-3.7 238 
405 293 
-0.9 125 
■*fl1 157 
.. 245 

40 7 165 

-15 252 

-05 157 
-08 109 
*OS 043 
-20 340 
♦05 157 

fir* Trial 
Growfli & Income 
Cap*# Tnra 

H>5*i Income TS 
EraJtly taCOBW 

High Yimi 
Gent Sacs 7/usr 
W am e m al 
Japan Fund 
Poetic Tnai 
Amar Sod Sas 

2295 2444# 
1375 1467* 
2373 2521® 
3733 3950 
SSe7 595 0 
30 9 329 
253.1 2095a 
1372 146.1 
1455 155 0c 
305 319# 
75.8 805 
856 914 
1435 1528 
652 894® 

um Reamry 
Smalar Co 9 
UK Growth 
Extra me 


Inc 1 Grown 
Net Wgfl inc 
Pref Snares 

Frxjnoal Secs 
GoM S Gan 

IM, Enemy 
Wortd Ted. 

Amar Grown 
Amer home 
Amer SmaMr Co's 
Auei Grown 
Euro SnaaSer 
Tar Eaa 
Hong Hong Pit 
mB irowdi 
Japan Pal 
Japan SmaSar 

Exerow Martel 

100.2 1154# 
1387 1475® 
357 423 
609 850 

28.4 299 
204 7 2163c 
195 6 2129a 

193 206® 
1253 134.6 
454 454 

18 2 19.6 
161 172 

803 642® 
392 415 
423 451 
972 103 7# 
564 623a 

348 26.4 

715 753# 
14.1 150 

392 415 

23.4 250 
343 363e 
545 551 
132 Ml 
8(2 853 
64.7 67.7 

-0.1 258 
*11 133 
-OS 181 
-03 590 
*03 7.12 
-26 406 
-28 458 
. 565 
*03 357 
.. 218 
•0.1 347 
♦02 053 
-04 1.15 
-Ol 1.77 
♦ 054 
+2.1 324 
*05 531 
*04 053 
♦09 1.81 
*02 023 
*09 1.0T 
*06 265 
♦02 152 
*05 .. 
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-19 357 
.. 414 


163. Hope Street. 
041 221 9252 
A m eri can 
Smeler CdS 

BU Oftor dug YU 

Gbegow 02 ZUH 

1113 1165 +25 342 

2222 2372 -TO 0.73 

2083 2223 -15 138 

5-17. Penymoum 
0444 458144 

Grow* Accum 

Do mcoma 

i Amar T« 2055 2199 

am mm Value 
0* Gram 
SitaSer Cdh 
2nd SmoBer Co s 
n ac u rwii Thai 
Met Mm S Cmaiy 
O sees Eammqs 
TocrmotogY Tjl 
tome Eiamm 

2305 2455 
303 409a 
114.7 1222 
1522 1621® 
819 97.1 C 
626 852 
1919 2034 
907 966® 
1202 1359 

Man PcnfeMO We 
Do Acc 

N-mti American 





Rd. Heywante Haati 

124 4 133.7® 

197 7 2182® 
1758 136.1® 
852 701® 
782 81 8® 

. 644 683 
1081 1182 
599 643 
650 709 
389 415 
1412 1515e 
326 34.7 

Erampr Smaftar Co s 217 4 2304® 
USA ExamM Tnm 329 0 346 7® 

-29 054 
-29 094 
-19 230 
-09 130 
-09 130 
-13 335 
-07 244 
-09 007 
-20 007 
-I I 484 
-09 450 
.. 523 
*01 9.19 
♦04 098 
*02 034 
*09 001 
•09 022 
*01 093 
♦04 091 
♦02 3.40 



48. GracecfeeUi SB. B3P 3HH 
81083 4200 Eta 289 

NPl UK 2065 2199 -28 250 

DO AOCUB 330.1 351 2 -43 290 

NPl Oversees 5373 5722® *112 1.10 
Do Accua ■ 6S6 1 raaoa *H)6 1.10 

Far East ACC 855 057 +1.1 030 

Do DIM S54 896 +1.1 030 

Amerind acc .. 585 825 +15 130 

Do DM 303 821 +15 130 


PO B ox 4. Naiuddl NH1 34B • 

0603 mm 

Grow Trust CIT92 1285® -0l9 289 
*nd irufl 1222 128 8® +21 1.74 

86. Canon Sveat London EC4N BATE 
D i*V 01-888 368576/7/8^0 
Vnem eau r M Grow*! 1352 144.7 +Z3 080 

tome 2 Qmum Bi o 682 -07 300 

Special SM 808 885 +15 4 40 

American Grown 33.3 357® +07 070 

Japan (hewtn «aa S2B +0J .. 

Etxopeer Growm sas bjj +12 230 

UK Growth 549 575 -02 030 

Pad*; Growth 432 453 +06 010 

WShtomp 303 320® -01840 

nacPcar tome 3r.i 54 aa -04 zjo 

DoAccun H2J 985® -01230 


262. Mat HoUom. WCIV 7E8 
01-405 8441 

Malay A Sajepora 158 175* -02 157 
«r3e me 783 834. . 415 098 

■ft Ma at . OKS J023 ' +15 BflS 
Prof SMia Pd . 175 «aa +Ot 859 
uk. Capas 691 ns -03.1-79 

Spionw* 757 642 --C2 0.99 

TeSoCgy 449 475 41.1 OKI 

WHIM ■ 533 67 JM +07 584 

WpddMrta Capas MOi 1805. ... 157 

"ffiMm/raS* - IS 

01-405 8441 
Growth Find few 
Dd Accua 
In co me And 
M EquOf few 
Do acoti 
Unfe Trow few 
Go Acorn 

895 965c -05 258 
1324 1409 c -05 298 
1164 127.0# -13 355 
123.1 1315 +10 157 

IZS.1 131.0 +19 157 

127.7 135-8 -15 313 

2185 2324 -26 3.13 

40 H art Saw n. HerMy On Thant* 
0491 576888 

US Growth 

Amar Growrit 
few Emera Co e 
Far EjtatGrvdh 
European Gdi 

2842 2835 

193.1 2085# 

1305 1615 
894 745 
803 885® 
651 80 S 

57.1 615 

222 Bahapgata. Lcmn ECS 
01-3(7 75*4/7 

Comr 1G» 
F«r Eaaern 

Norm Amerce 
Soetsta S(s 


1065 1145® 
904 10(4 
1307 1491® 
1351 145 8® 
203 3 2177 
1135 1224 
823 875® 

+35 052 
-28 446 
♦09 158 
*1.7 076 
*0.7 080 
+1.1 194 
+1.1 155 

*15 156 
-1.7 490 
-09 570 
+25 028 
+1.7 193 
-tS 148 
+15 040 
-06 591 




457 51J . -03 7.72 
492 624 -05 657 

494 . 525 -03 258 





; H if uni 

1 •- •jP'jLfri 

- r T*i IWW wj: 

Thi* announcement appears as a matter of record only 

The Wiltshire Brewery Company Limited 

£2-7 million Private Placing 

1396,000 OnJirury Sham of Speae b ax 50p per share 

f 1.9QLOQO 1>5S6 Subordinated Unsecured Loan Notes 1993 at par 



W. Greenweil & Co. 

The securities hjvc been placed with financial 
institutions and private investors 



Points from Chairman ’s Review 

BS Profit for ihe year is £4.545m (1984 £4. 133m), a rise of 
10%. "Hie directors are recommending an increased final 
dividend of 3.25p (1984 2.75p) for the year, on the 
enlarged share capital. 

0 Although production levels are still affected by the 
Scotch Whisky industry's high stock levels, there are 
signs that consumption of Scotch Whisky worldwide has 
ceased to decline. 

B Sales of blended whiskies were more than 5% ahead of 
last year. During the year we acquired “The Original 
Mackinlay" and “Cluny” brands and aim to increase 
our share of the premium brand sector over the next few 

E3 It is anticipated that results for 1986 will be slightly better 
than 1985 and that we may again make modest progress 
in what is expected to be another demanding year. 

Copies of the accounts are available from The Secretary, 

Invergordon Distillers (Holdings) PLC, Ashley House, 
IS I- 195 West George St. Glasgow G2 2NL. 

j^i^^jpJx^ndgcVand District 
ColSa 9 e; H o s p ita IV V - : \ / . 

HwiWoutiine consent for 8 residential units 

suitable forconversion/extension 
pfotgheltei^d bousing or nursing 
ffitorri^ • ^ 


London & Edinburgh in 
link with Salomon 

£50m out-of-town 


By Judith 

London & Edinburgh Trust, 
whose pretax profits have 
risen 80 per cent to £9.2 
million, is forging dose links 
with Salomon Brothers, the 
American financial 


LET and Salomon are work- 
ing on a deep discount bond to 
finance a large mixed use 
development in Britain. Simi- 
lar arrangements are being 
instigated by the finance 
house for LET'S British 

The only deep discount 
bond to emerge for commer- 
cial property so far in a rapidly 
changing world is that from 
Safeway, the supermarket 
chain, as an alternative to the 
traditional sale and leaseback. 

LET says that its version of 
the bond will be nothing like 
Safeway 's, which was handled 
by Baring Brothers, the mer- 
chant bank, and its affiliated 
surveyor. Baring, Houston & 

LETs links with Salomon 
Brothers have emerged from 
its US property partnership 
involving the finance house 
and Rosewood Properties, 
owned by Miss Caroline 
Hunt, one of America's richest 

The British property devel- 
oper is embarking on two big 
schemes in the US with its 
partners. One mixed develop- 
ment — at Boston — is pre-let. 
The other is an office develop- 
ment at Phoenix, Arizona, 
where LET is developing 
space for Salomon Brothers to 

The rationale behind the US 
venture is that Salomon 
Brothers can provide the fi- 
nance and open the door for 
LET. And Miss Hunt's Rose- 
wood Properties provides the 
essential people on the 



Adam & Company. 



Citibank Savings! 



Continental Trust __ _ 

Co-operative Bank 

C. Hoare & Co 




Lloyds Bank— 



Royal Bank of Scotiax). 


Citibank NA 


t Mortgage Bose Rate. 


announces that on and after 

9th APRIL, 1986 

the following annual rate will apply 
Basic Rate— 11% (Previously ll'A%) 

The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation 
The British Bank of the Middle East 
HongkongBank Limited 

0 SA 

Notice to Account Holders 

Midland Savings Accounts 




foa Bas/c 

With effect from 9th April 1 986 


Deposit Account 




Monthly Income Account 




Griffin Savers 



Saver Plus 













With effect from 8th May 1986 


Save and Borrow 

credit balances 



flRffidlaiMl Bank 

Midland Bank pic. 27 Poultry, London EC2P 2BX 

The 296-room New Piccadilly Hotel in 
Piccadilly. London, above, which has just 
been bought by Meridien, the hotel subsidiary 
of Air France, is to be renamed. The new 
name will incorporate both Meridien and 

The hotel, which was bought from 
Guinness for £31 million and has been 
lavishly refurbished, has had three owners in 

the last 18 months. It belonged to Gleneagles 
Hotels which was bought % Arthur Beil & 
Sons. Guinness then won a bitter takeover 
battle for BelL 

Guinness sold the hotel to Meridien 
because it did not fit in with the brewer's 
strategy. But the Scottish hotels in its 
ownership, including theGleneagles itself, are 
to be further upgraded. 

Mr John Beckwith, of Lon- 
don & Edinburgh, favours the 
idea of mortgage-backed 
bonds as the way forward for 
financing property. He be- 
lieves that this is more likely 
to get off the ground than 
selling units in single proper- 
ties. And he says he would like 
to be directly involved in such 
a market. 

LET has already taken steps 
to diversify into financial 
services, a move strengthened 
by the long-expected arrival of 
Mr John Gunn, the former 
chief executive of Exco, and 
now on the board of British & 
Commonwealth Shipping as a 
non-executive director. 

Mr Beckwith says: “John 
Gunn is the only true non-' 
executive director, and be can 
stand outside the company. 
He is essentially a dealer. We 
are looking at joint ventures 
with British & Common- 
wealth such as investment 
banking and bringing compa- 
nies to the market 

“We will also be specializ- 
ing in corporate tax shelters, 
for ourselves as well as for 
other property companies." 

Mr Gunn's appointment at 
LET has led to speculation 
that some move may be made 
on Country and New Town 
Properties in which B&C is a 
leading shareholder. 

Mr Peter Beckwith admits 
that London & Edinburgh 
looked at Country and New 
Town but he says. “It is a long 
way from our objectives." 

He adds: “We look at 
corporate acquisitions, but too 
often investment companies 
have properties we don’t 
want We have been very 
selective in what we do and we 
intend to remain so. In future 
we want to keep one in five of 
our schemes in an investment 

LET has made its name in 
the most buoyant sectors of 
the property market but it is 
heeding the warning signals 
over the City of London office 

GINEERING: Total dividend 
for 1985 5.3p (4.53p). Turnover 
£85.77 million (£77.04 atillioa). 
Pretax profit £16.17 million 
(£13.4 million). Earnings per 
share I3.6p (i f.Sp). 

GROUP: Six months to Dec. 31, 
1985. Interim dividend l.4p 
(against Ip, adjusted), payable 
on . May 9. Turnover £7.28 
million .(£5.71 million). Pretax 
profit £1.3 million (£852.0001. 
Earnings per share 6. 74p (4.04p, 

Erirh, the London-based 
builders’ merchant, saw its pre- 
tax profits dip from £2.03 mo- 
tion to £1.73 million last year, in 
spite of an increase in torn over 
from £49.17 million to £51.16 
million. However, the total divi- 
dend is still being raised from 
3.1p to 3Jp. Earnings per share 
improved from 6.27p to 7.09p. 
As the board predicted, the 
second-half profit, although at a 
record level, was not sufficient to 
overcome the shortfall m the 
first six months. The current 
year has started well, although 
this improvement was slowed 
down by the prolonged frost 
which reduced building and 
construction activity in 

la! dividend for I98S unchanged 
at 3.25p. Turnover £9.02 mil- 
lion (£9.13 million). Pretax 
profit £830.000 (£1 million). 
Earnings per share 5.85p 

Archie McNair, the chairman, 
reports in his annual statement 
that the rate at which orders arc 
now being placed is consid- 
erably higher than at the same 
time in 1985 and, if this 
continues, much improved sales 
will result. The accounts for 
1 985 show a £90,000 payment as 
compensation for loss of office. 
In September. Mr P J 
Dunkerlcy. the former manag- 
ing director, resigned from the 

Jcnner. the chairman, reports in 
annual statement that the group 
is now in a position to consider 
expansion by acquisition, 
following the improvement in 
capitalisation in 1985. The de- 
mand for computer personnel 
continues to rise unabated. 

Total dividend for 1985 3p 
(2.75p). Turnover £8.22 million 
(£7.79 million). Pretax profit 

market. It is only too aware 
that the boom may faiteria the 
aftermath of the big bang. 

The Beckwith brothers are 
turning their attention to the 
West End where John 
Beckwith predicts rents will 
soon reach £35 a sq ft 

LET has recently bought 74 
St James's, occupied by 
Mcldnsey & Co, the manage- 
ment consultant LET wants 
to develop 100,000 sq ft of 
offices behind the listed facade 
and rehouse its tenant who 
wants to stay in the West End. 
LET has just received plan- 
ning consent to build 60,000 
sq ft of offices in Curzon Street 
emphasizing its belief in the 
future of the West End 

Future * strategy also in- 
volves more out-of-town 
shopping schemes along the 
Lines of its one million sq ft 
centre, planned for Hook, 
Surrey. LETs high profile is 
enabling it to buy land- and 
acquire options on sites for 
such developments at what 
are still reasonable prices. 
Added-value developments 
are the order of the day for the 
company, which is not really 

interested in joining tender 

One it has lost is die chance 
to develop Bromley town 
centre with a large amount of 
retail space. 

But LET may join in the 
fight to develop the Royal 
Mint site on the eastern edge 
of the City of London dose to 
St Katharine's Dock.' The 
Crown Estate Commissioners . 
want planning permission for 
400,000 sq ft of offices and a 
variety of other uses. LET has 
done welt out of the high tech 
market. Phase two of the 
Waterside Park scheme at 
Bracknell, Berkshire, a joint 
venture with Tarmac Proper- . 
ties, has consent and LET will 
build 120,000 sq ft in one unit 

LET'S shareholders must 
have been pleased by the 
results for the year, but keep- 
ing growth at that level is no 
easy task. The £600 million 
development programme 
shows little sign yet of petering 
out but LET'S attempts to 
create an investment portfolio 
and diversify its interests must 
be seen as a move in a 
desirable direction. 

Monnfiflgh, the rapidly 
expanding propertycompaay, 
is joining forces with 
Marks and Spencer and 
Asda-MFI to develops 

500.000 sa ft £50 mfllkm re- 
tail mid leisure oat-of-town 
centre in Yorkshire. 
Mountleigh hopes to braid 

it on a 50-aoe ate at fadsej* 
near Leeds- The sfte was 
formerly, used for textile 

Ovtirae planning appli- - 
cation has been mode to Leeds 
City Council, but there is a 
strong possibility that Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary 
of State far the Environment, 
wfll call to the scheme. He 
recently tamed down an appD- 
catzon fora shopping cen- 
tre of one million sq ft dose to 
Leeds and adjace nt to t he 
motorway on the grounds that 
it would badly afiect trade, 
in the dty centre. 

Moantieigh says that Its 
plans — they include a 

150.000 sq ft Marks and 
Spencer store and the reloca- 
tion of an Asda store to a 
120,008 sq ft unit — wBI not 
hit Leeds. There win be a 
large dement of non-food 
shopping, and Marks and 
Spencer says its city centre 
store wQI not be affected 

by the plan. 

Moontfeigh's proposals 
include upgrading and moving 
Pndsey station to take in- 
ter-city trains, a multi-screen 
dnema, an hotel and 
spotts facilities. 

Financing has yet to be 
completed, but the big retail- 
ers are talking about buy- 
ing their own sites, redneing 
Motmtieigh's development 
costs. The company aims to 
sell part of the scheme and 
retain the rest, its usual 
formula. • 

Mountiagh has jnst sold 
its site, 42-60, Kensington 
High Street, to the Scot- 
tish Provident Institution for 
£8.2 millioa, with a 150- 
year leaseback on the upper 
floors. The institution is 
developing it with SIBEC in a 
retail scheme with two \ 
large units. It is opposite : 
Barkers and development ■ 
is taking place. ' 

Talks are under w*y 
about Unking the two 
schemes. Mean while, 

Mountleigh has preiette 
next-door scheme at 62-70 
K ensing ton High Street to 
Tower Raoris at a rent of 
£210.000 a year. 

• Richard Ellis's inyest- 

bfnt about the way the firm 
e Ukdy to approach the fund- 
ing of commercial property 

It is warkiHgwftbCowo- - 
ty Bunk m looking at new 
forms of bringing liquidity 
to the investment market. E2- 
Ss considers that theaafe ' 

securities ra debt on com- 
mercial bttikBngs has few- 
er barriers to widespread 
acceptance than selling 
units in bdividiml properties. 

The firm expects to see 
the principles of the rapidly 
devetoping corporate bond- 
debenture market extended to 
the property market, sup- 
ported by tong-term Dows 
from rental income. The ' 
vehicles for such investment 
are !3cdy to be indexed or 
rent-linked interest payments 
by way of deep discount is- 
sues and the misting of debt 
with equity participation 
through the use of convert- 
ibles and bonds with 

• Capital & Counties will 
soon begin work on a 112,000 
sq ft high tech develop- •- . 
pent on a six -acre site a t 
Basingstoke, Hampshire. 

62-year lease on the site from 
GUbey Vintners and now 
has a new 125-year lease Dram 

Basingstoke and Dean Bor- 
oogh Council. The letthig 
agents for the scheme, known 
as the Crescent, are L S 
Vail mod Strutt A Parker. 

• Crowngap, theSarrey- 
based developer, has let its 
5^80 sq ft West End office 
scheme at 20 Mason's Yaid, 
St James's, at rents of £J 7 
a sq ft fora tto^year lease. 
WeatheraBGreeu & 

Smith, the letting agentwith 
Hampton & Sons, is to seD 
the freehold for Crowngap. 

Waldegrave plans national re-rating 

Rates in the Gty of London 
are set to rise while hard hit 
industrial areas will benefit 
from the Government’s pro- 
posed changes in the rating of 
commercial property. 

The re-rating is to be com- 
pleted by 1990, the first reval- 
uation in England and Wales 
for more than 20 years. And 
the Government plans to in- 
troduce a national uniform 
rate in the pound. There wifi 
be far-reaching implications 
for property if the measures 
are introduced. 

Mr William Waldegrave, 
Minister for the Environment, 
Countryside and Local Gov- 
ernment, has confirmed the 

He told the Anglo-German 


Foundation: “A move to a 
national rate poundage will 
bring relief to businesses in 
areas most affected by 

He also said: “The tax base 
in England and Wales has not 
been revalued since 1973. In 
that time there have been 
major changes in the econom- 
ic fortunes of different areas. 
Some industrial sectors, par- 
ticularly our traditional heavy . 
industries, have declined and 
other sectors have grown. We 
will, therefore, have a revalua- 
tion in 1990.” 

Mr Waldegrave is discuss- 
ing bow to keep the new 
rateable values up to date with 
the valuation profession. 
There may be periodic revalu- 

ations, tikelv to be an expen- 
sive exercise, or some form of 
rolling revaluation on a con- 
tinuous basis. • 

The impact of a revalua- 
tion. allied with a uniform rate 
in the pound, will be; to hit 
booming areas of the property 
market such as City of Lon- 
don offices, 

- U is not yet dear whether 
* the City will be asperial case 
excluded from the national 
uniform tax rate. If not. the 
effect will be to reduce the 
differentiate between rates in 
the Square Mffe ami those in 
neighbouring areas, but which 
now stand in high-rated local 

. That, in turn, will -have 
implications for rent levels. 

rental growth and yields. And 
it wfflprovidean incentive for 
the office market to shift from 
the core of the City close to the 
Bank of England to the fringes 
or beyond as rates increase in 
die Gty and decrease outside. 

The Government also 
wants to index the tax rate to 
the movement of prices gener- 
ally or to freeze the rate of tax 
in the pound but secure a 
rolling revaluation annually. 

The changes, . if approved, 
war be introduced gradually 
but, if the reaction to the 
Scottish revaluation is any 
guide, the property industry 
should be aware of the possi- 
ble implications of the 
Government's plans before 
they-are implemented. 

£785,000 (£780.000). Earnings 
per share 8.43p (8.22p). The 
company's shares are traded on 
the over-the-counter market. 

NATIONAL: Final dividend 
3.5p on enlarged capital, making 
6p (4.Sp) for 1985. Turnover 
£39.58 million (£31.51 million). 
Pretax profit £3.04 million 
(£1.76 millioa). Earnings per 
share 26.0p(l3.7p adjusted). 

tal dividend 4p (0.7p) for 1985. 
Turnover £2.86 millioa (£2.4 
million). Pretax profit £619,000 
(£439.000). Earnings per share 
(after tax, but before goodwill 
write-off! 1 1.9p (9.7p). 

dividend for 1985 (nil). Turn- 
over £1.48 million (£1.45 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £101,937 
(£81,531 loss). Earnings per 
sha re 2.5 4p (6.46p loss). 

(HOLDINGS): Total dividend 
for 1985 6.74p (6.05p). Scrip 
issue on a one-for-two basis 
proposed. Turnover £26.01 mil- 
lion (£15.7 million). Pretax 
profit £1.87 millioa (£L5 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share I8.85p 
(1 4.81 p). 

• ASH A LACY: Total divi- 
dend for 1985 20.25p (20p). 
Turnover £34.93 million 
(£32.61 million). Pretax profit 
£3-0) million (£3.87 million). 
Earnings per share 34Jp 

ICS: No dividend (0.24Sp) for 
1985. Turnover £2.01 million 
(£1.96 million). Pretax profit 
£188.056 (£179,316). Earnings 
per share 0.48p (0.49p). 

dividend for 1985 5.25p (4.5p). 
One-for-one scrip issue pro- 
posed. Turnover £9.69 million 
(£8.38 million). Pretax profit 
£818.000 (£710.000). Earnings 
per share 15.iptll.9p). 

pany has bought the steel 
stockholding business of Mantle 
Sleds of West Bromwich, West 
Midlands. The price for the 
warehouse was £349.500 cash. 
For the plant and stock, an 
initial payment of £250,500 has 
been made against an expected 
final figure of about £880,000. 

face Mounted Technology has 
been bought from McKcchnie 
Brothers for £92.000 cash. 

INGS): Half-year to Dec. 25, 
1985. Interim dividend 2. Ip 
(2p). Pretax profit on ordinary 
activities £484.000 (£J.I mil- 

lion). Earnings per share 2.13p 

terim dividend 4.75p (4,l25p) 
for the half-year to Feb. 28, 
1986. Net revenue before tax 
£507,926 (£442,212). Earnings 
per share 7.03p (6.13p). 

INTOSH: The company is to 
buy Hot Sam, a US retail snack- 
food business, for $20 million 
(£13.8 million) from General 
Host Corporation. Hot . Sam 
operates 275 stores in shopping 
malls throughout the US. 

Higher profits, an increased 
dividend and a scrip issue are 
reported by S Jerome A Sobs 
(H oldings), which is based in 
Shipley, West Yorkshire. Last' 
year, pretax profits rose from 
£586.000 to £831,000 on taro- 
over np from £16.27 million to 
£18^48 million. The final divi- 
dend is being raised from 2.13p 
to 2.6p, payable on May 23. 
This lifts tbe total payment from 
2Jf2p to 3Jip. The board is 
recommending a ooe-for-fi re 
scrip issw. A breakdown of 
profits, before interest charges, 
shows that tbe textiles side 
contributed £1.12 million, 
against £818.000, while 
electronics’ share was np from 
£47.000 to £90,000. Tbe interest 
burden rose from £279,000 to 
£386.000. Famines per share 
jamped by 678 per cent to 

group has agreed to buy Re- 
sponse Marketing International, 
a direct-mail advertising, 
marketing and promotion com- 
pany. Its clients include, a. num- 
ber of financial institutions. 

Frank Usher set for 
£7m USM debut 

By Teresa Poole 

The Frank Usher fashion 
house is set for a USM 
flotation at tbe end of this 
month which will value the 
company at more than £7 
milli on 

Less thanthroe months ago, 
Mrs Jennifer d’Abo, who ac- 
quired Frank Usher last year 
through her takeover of Setin- 
court sold the company to its 
management — • backed by 
three City institutions — for 
£4.75 million. 

None of the existing share- 
holders is selling stores. The 
USM placing wfll raise £2.2 
million, of which £1.5 millioa 
wiQ gp towards redeeming 
preference shares issued to the 
institutions at the buyout, in 

The buyout marked a wel- 
come, return to family control 
for Mr Max Bruh and his wife, . 
Anne. Frank Usher was ■ 
formed in J942 by Mr Bruh 
who escaped to England from 
Germany just before the Sec- 
ond World War. 

Together, the couple devel- 
oped the company into a 
respected volume fashion 
house, known, for hs cocktail 
dresses and evening wear, ■ 
which in 1961 was sold to 

Even before Mrs d’Abo 
acquired SeOnoourt last July, 

on sales of £B.S million. 

Almost half die production 
is., sold overseas, and 95 per 
cent of manufacture is subcon- 
tracted. After the placing, the 
Bruh family will own 30 per 
cent of the shares, Sdmcoort 
17 per cent, and the three 
backing institutions — Ifico, 
3i, and Nineteen. Twenty- 
Eight — 23 per cent 

Mr Mike Thomas, for- 
mer Labour and SDP 
MP, who has joined the 
board of Dewe Rogerson. 


National Westminster 
Bank: Mb- A Derrick Plummer . 
becomes senior international 
executive. Sovereign . Risk 
Unit international banking 

Coward Chance: Mr T om 
Hawes, Miss Anne WfflJam- 
son, Mrs Kate Howies, Mr 
Mamice Allen, Mr Habilr 
Motnai, Mr Peter Chariton 
and MrCbris Wyman become 
partners from May 1. 

Mr Mike Thomas, for- 
mer Labour and SOP 
MP, who has joined the 
board of Dewe Rogerson. 

British Steam Specialties 



the Bruhs had been pressing to 
buy backtheir company. 

Whs Bruh said: “We wanted 
our own ownership back.” 

The Bruhs complained that 
the cash generated by their 
successful business was being £ 
sucked into the rest of Selin- 
court In the four years to 
January 1985, dividends and 
management fees totalling 
more than £1.5 million were 
paid by Frank Usher to 

Such was the. family’s disil- 
lusionment that in 1984 o ne of 
the two sons, Stephen, . left 
Frank Usher to set up Bowker 
Bruh Designs Limited with 
the. designer Tom Bowker. 
BBDL later set up DollarbeU 
and both these companies are 
now owned by Frank Usher. 

_ In the year to January 31, 
Frank- Usher more than dou- 


Group: Mr tan H Pbflfipps 
has become chairman in suc- 
cession to Mrs H P Waudby. 

- Blue Arrow Employment 
Group: Mr Michael CrossireH 
has been appointed managing 

The Heritable tod General . 
Trust: Mr Martin H Young 
.(deputy managing director), 

-Mr Charles W Byford, Mr 
Nonnas P Royal and Mr 
Antony E Woodall, have 
joined the board. .. 

Theodore Goddard: Mr Da- 
vid Bettinson has been named 
finance’ and administration 



From tout portfolio card check jour 
eight share price movement)- Add them 
up to give you your overall loujl. Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 
published on this page. If it matches you 

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winner follow the claim procedure on the 
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your card available when claiming. 


Drab session 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began April 1. Dealings end tomorrow. §Contango day April 14. Settlement day, April 21 
^Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

6 Haw 



Claims required for 
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Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

Tomkiih (FHI 

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Smart (Jl 

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Build (Beni fomir 

Sharnr £ Fisher 

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Weekly Dividend 

please make a note of your daily totals 
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SHORTS (Under Five Years) 

99'* 97 Trem >. 1906 99'. . 

99'- 98 E«e" I0\«. 1986 99. 

100 . 99'. Trews i2% 1986 100 

99 s . 97. TIMS 6':% 1901-06 99': - 

97 94 . Even £';% 1906 97 * 

102M00.-E«ai 14*. 1906 102% • 

102% 100%E*ai 13.*, 1907 I0T- 

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96 - 93', Ejrfi 7 *. 1987 95. ♦ 

101 - 97’. Even 10 1. 1987 101 

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100'. 96-. TieM UP. 1907 iDff- 

94 . 90- Trees y- 1987 94'. • 

103‘. 97'. Tims 1?*. 1987 103%« 

97'. 9S’.Ti*» 7'.*, 1985-88 97'. 4 
103'- WsEien >0*. 

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106 - 93'. Trra 11 .% 

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118 100 Tre» 12>.% 1993 117*. 

100% 9i . Trees 10% 1992 100'- 

100*. 95' TIMS CIO 1992 lOB’.l 

110; 100%E»cn 12'.*. 1992 116 

122. 102 . E»cn 13 A. 1992 122 

107 94 V Trees 10% 1993 TO'.* 

119*. 103 V Trees 12';*. 1993 119'. 

W- 79'. Fun-j 0% 1993 90% 

130 ; lllv Tims 13%% 1993 120 

131 '■ 105'- Trer. 14';% 1994 131'. 

i2S'.i10'.E*cn 12 .*. 1904 125'. 

120'. 87%E*ai 13 .% 1994 130'. 

UK'.- OB'. Tress 9% 1994 102 

1I0N. 100'. Tims 12*. 199S 1 10'- 

7B 68 ; Gas 3*. 19»95 77V* 

109'. 91 >E »<S> 10'-% 1935 108’. 

124% U>0 . Tims 12'.% 1995 1W-4 

132'. 112'.' Tims 14% 1996 131’. 

102 ! > 87 Trees 9% 199296 iQ2'. 

14IM22' Trms I5'.% 1996 140 « 

129'; lll'-EiOi 11-% 1996 129 1 

83'. 7J •.■Renal 3% 1996 03'; Tims 13'.% 1997 1S5-'. 

nr; MvEf-h HI % 1997 in 
100 * 79 - Tims 8’.% 1997 100'. 

l4t%l52 , .Eiai 15“. 1997 I4i'.l 

87'. 73 : * Tim* 0.% 199540 B7 

107 93'. Etch 9 *% 1990 106'. 

147'. 126 . Tims 15.% 1998 146% 

122*. I05'-E*(J1 12*» 1998 1ST'- 

106'. 88 - Trees 9'.-**l999 i05'. 

125 103 .Each 12'**. 1999 154% 

112'- 96 .Tims IQ.% 1999 112'. 

711'- 9*' Corn >0.% 1095 110% 

132’* 11 1'> Trees 10*. 2000 131% 


HO - ; 91% Tims 10% < 
:08 . 69 - Cam J%% 2 
31% 25 -CPnv 9*. ‘ 
102 - 96% Conv 9% 2 
136’- 117’. Tims 14% I 
110% 94';Can» 10% 2 

123 -103'- E-cn 12% I 
109 90 Tims 3'-% I 

in'. 93'. Trees 10% 2 
137. 116'. Tims I3'.% 2 
122 . >04 Trees 11 ;% 2 
in 94'. Trees 10% i 
60- -!0i. Fund J % I 
1 07 90’< Can* 9 % i 

10? '• 90 - Conv 9'.% 2 
1 1S'. 94 - Eech 10' % 2 
133 11?. Tims 12 .% 2 
95 79'. Tim* 9% 2 

126 '*104 '.Tims W.% 2 
MS-Treas »3 .% 2 
71 - 57 ; Trees 5 % 2 
93 75' ■ Tims 7 .% 2 

135 113'. EjcIi 12*. 2 


45% 38 - Crusoe, *% 
41'. 3t i war Ln 3 % 
Sf- 44, Con* 3'.*. 
34 J9'. Tims 3% 

79- - 24 Consols 2 .% 
29' 24 . Tims 2'.% 

. Tim* IL 7. i960 
. Trees IL 2% 1990 
, Trees 9. 1996 

. Trees 1L2 % 2001 
. Tims a.2 -4, 2003 
. TreJI V. 2% 2006 
. Tims IL2 .% 2009 
TIMS IL2W 2011 
. Tims iu’ % 20'3 
. trees IL2 % 2015 
Trees 1L2'.% 2020 

2001 no 

2001 lOflv 
A 2000 31'. 
2000 102% 

1998- 01 135% 

2002 110% 

1999- 02 123'- 

TOOT 108 'j 

2003 110- 

2000- 03 137. 

2001- 04 121*. 

2004 111 

1999-04 59 . 

0004 107 

2005 UP'.I 

2005 118. 

ZOOMS 132'. 
2002436 94'; 

2003-07 126 
20P4-O8 Ml'. 
2008-12 71% 

2012- 15 91% 

2013- 17 134’, 

102V *■ 
101% «■'• 
1 04'- 
100 % 

IDS'- *•: 
99 *■% 

95% -V 
95 •*'.- 


04 33 Slrth SI AuBjn 

00* 419 Stand cnen 
016 613 Union 
aOv *3'> We« Fargo 
320 2C0 Wnttust 

54 10 t-9 *5 

872 e-a 06 U 102 
808 -5 579 15 81.4 

£58', -»'■ .. -- 

300 7 1 2.4 19-0 

no 217 Bf Terecom 90p P 2R 
112 75 Bnwm flown «*"! 100 

19 11V (UKJFi (*F) 'A' 10 

1 52 89 CASE 91 

735 560 Caere ft WAnton 090 

31ft £38 CfMrtSp See 293 

143 183 CAP OP 240 

37 Otonos 44 

14S Da 7V% CPF 190 

203 Comap 283 

250 Cray gea 313 

225 140 CrySOW 211 

79 83 Dm Bra 70 

no 155 Ontesatv 193 

50 S'; 0*mnt A' <7 

350 262 Domra 835 

50 41 DowVfl ft MW <3 

512 IBB PvMW 108 

445 385 D e cW c onra ne n B I 400 
86 46 EMOone itacn 65 

61 42 EJeetnmc n en M B 55 

325 237 Qnen Ugnana 313 

380 295 Euroorem* 360 

253 196 Fime0 Elecl 200 

150 122 Fermi 130 

503 1S2 Feet CesDe Bee 170 

53 25 FoWftM Teen 89 

158 GEG 190 

93 Groswiror 95 

09 (Mttniaact 9g 

138 IBL MS 

303 lilt agnx a CHM333 

Caere ft WMicg OBO 
CFiiMg* Bee 293 
CAP Op 240 

SS0 193 

81 65 

291 200 
12% ?• 
490 358 
9'; B 
250 230 
469 36* 
550 4» 
405 410 
643 423 

57 16 

JT. 24% 

42% 33'. 
61 32 

73 46 

UP 80' 
252’-2ir - 
212 140 
289 2*9 
90 66 
276 160 
31 20 

430 223 
7* 6* 
438 310 
>98 138 
S30 HS 
677 439 
40 32 
983 STB 
602 417 
J?i 280 
935 672 
l'l B0 
459 312 
M 91 

'3? UC 
IV. IS. 

080 231 

16', n% 

AWM 1’isn 
AnsMcnor i>*eiryi 
AUS Nun Z 
Sam d> i retain 
earn Uum Israel 
Bam Lwuns UK 
Bam oi Scsuna 


Bi3Mf> Siaotar 

Cam Alien 
CaiMs _____ 
Cnase Mamator 

Ocm Bar* Wans 
Oeuiscne Bare 
Fusi Nat Fmanw 
Cvram na> 
Gunnes* PMi 
Of isCdi 
me Sam** 

UK SlUnCm 

josaon IL0OCOWI 

Aim ft SPS4S0O 

Kienwon Benson 
MarojTf sees 
war Auer B* 
n*i West 
«m Bw 
F otivaiM k)i ma 
Bn* O* Can 
Bof Bm O’ 5ooi 

vi 139 

• viv 208 

U 200 

-3 109 

*1 17 

,1 96 

*1 957 

.10 25/ 

-5 30 0 

• 2] 
.40 22.9 

•5 403 


• *8 186 

336 240 
040 620 
49 39 
<33 05 

500 375 
177 147 
500 405 
490 410 
030 64D 

710 400 

504 165 
230 183 
»1 275 
400 405 

90 09 

179 150 
785 173 
108 77 

249 217 
248 163 
234 103 
37 . 30% 
540 353 
113 223 
J15 220 
251 180 

505 410 

265 195 


ABtiO-LytiAl 293 

Base 796 

Barmen *7 

BdXUnciens 125 

Brown iMeime«1 400 
Butmer (H Pi ISO 
BmtomroMI Brew 958 
cm* iMantaw) 485 
Dovnmsn hi A) 805 
Donne** eao 

Gtmmi wee <86 
Greene lung 210 

Gunnos* 3*0 

Harms ft Hansons 480 
Hnmand Don 32 

In.aracrton Don 173 
ins/i Don 265 

Marston Tnowpion 108 

UoftaM £44 

SA Btomim 205 

Scot ft New 227 

Seeenm 08': 

vna 4/5 

wnobraea 'A £98 
Da 'B 301 

WWlbiaad Inv 241 
WOMrercm ft D 483 
Young A* 255 

100 U1U 

41 1 II.. 
<SS 33 103 
102 3.4 15 1 
102 3.4 153 
SB 4 I 355 
12.2 25 170 
9.4 37 20.4 




04 Dew 



102 93 

105 89 
<63 <38 
373 303 
232 ITS 
145 05 

323 333 
201 124 
J4I 270 
433 370 

86 54 

250 in 

58 33 

BS 58 
35 28 
Z90 241% 
107 01 

49 23 

640 383 
32 18 

104>. 139 
210 170 
125 88 

tea 374 

200 170 
360 225 
276 206 
288 213 
280 246 
ISO 133 
445 320 
2TB 22S 
99 M 

103 86 
286 290 

Kooa 128 

Lee BetnotnOon 255 

Lorfca 177 

UK SBC* 330 

Mamec 375 

Mot BS 60 

MOT Focus 230 

kuum Bac 58 

Mwray Bed 82 

H ainan 28 

waamertt (UsM 285 


Oeaomcs 30 

Oran m aman an u ta 
Feecom 21 

PtAps Fin 5%1i Cl 50 
PM» Lamps n/v nev 
Pifco in 

Do A- ltd voting 120 

"ttolfofl 25 za’t 

Prose* 126 

Oral Aukmmwn 2a 

RacM Bn IBS 

FMS0M (00 

Serenes (QH) 600 

SMrrocfc 80 

Sound Murnon 3B'> 

sro i42 

sma tad 2io 

Tawpnona RanWs 200 
Tstametrtt 83 

Thom QM 497 

Thoroa (FW) 208 

TOnsua rsiecoa 310 

118 280 

Unascn 223 

Uid Laaaug 275 

uu Soaiwe 138 

M 3ft 172 
4 J 10 li t 
IS 1CLB 419 
IS Jl M 
106 00 220 
108 16 18.7 

2.1 as .. 
.. .. iaa 

2.1 or u's 

4ft 15 355 

6.1 Z8 12ft 
64 SftMB 
Tft OS . 
1ft 32 nu 
is 0.7 aza 

2 J0 4.S 143 
4J1 04 12ft 

r.g 2 a 24ft 
is is ess 
4ft 04 21.7 

70 2S210 

08 2.1 17ft 
20 1ft29S 
23 1ft IBS 
30 1J 105 
07 1ft 212 
U 31110 
02 08 7.9 

M 40 lift 
1 J 1 1 10S 
IS 03 . 

107 40110 

71 07 SOI 

170 7.0 7 0 

1.4a O0 180 
140 44 108 

40 1.1 290 

20 40 OB 

40a 7/1421 
Oin 02 .. 

1.1 39 400 

190 80 130 
70 7.7 IBS 
1.1 40 03 

ZS 0 4 20.1 
1 8 7.6 105 

573 3ft .. 


47'. 36V 
193 160 
393 291 
241 188 
136 106 
111 76'.- 

128 102 
108 H2 
85V 57V 
138 02 

285 245 
159 140 
142 112 
20 15 

103 l£7 
<29 100 
210 172 
298 2l5 
180 113 
440 330 
101 '* 79 
10 734 
410 335 
H3 102 
225 179 
0? 62 
170 13*': 
322 210 
46 36 

20 185 
H2 67 

AKZD N/V Sewer C47'* 
Atad Codon* 1B8 

smersham 378 

Ancnor Cnemttsl 206 

SIP 134 

BMf DM50 E99 

esigosn 104 

Brant O wra 107 

Br Banzai 71 

Cwuwig IWfl 127 

CqbMb 203 

Cans* Bros 1* 

Do A 131 

Cory | Horace) IBV 

Crooa 160 

Do CM 124 

Bln ft Everanj 212 

FtMaco-ewnac 206 

H*mad Mamas) 151 

Hicfcsqn 443 

HtMdBI DM50 CB3 

knp CMn ma 917 

Lapone 308 

Lwgn 104 

PN«> *10 

R*ai»oo« mogs 75 

Remnrf 137 

SHtA 0PD 283 

Suu±ne Spaakmm 41 
MWzmewene nm 200 
Yonesnse Cnsm 103 

400 05 . . 
3ft 1ft 19ft 
8ft 2.4 104 

6.1 30 7 ft 

57 *3 10.4 

700 71 .. 

10ft 89 157 

00 3ft l&O 
.. 70ft 

5.1 40 21 1 

H 30U7 
A4 Oft 
BB 50 00 
0.7 3ft 00 
10ft 0ft 13ft 
.. .. 10J 

M 40 10ft 
lift 40112 
64 4011.7" 
21.4 4ft lift 

47ft 5ft 103 
105 27 10ft 
4.7 43 183 

33 13 220 
30 40 15ft 
39 2.8 170 

■ ; 39 0 

11.1 58 21 1 

43 42 9ft 



225 170 Anglia TV "A" 
43 27 Girnnun 

240 176 MTV N/V 
350 263 LWT HUgs 
325 100 Sew TV A' 
210 153 TVS N/V 
43 31 TSW 

215 • .. 129 80 148 

42 .. 24 5.7 93 

213 *-5 114 5* 9.7 

342 a-2 21.3 60 137 

332 -3 15.0 47 9S 

205 -5 lift 56 9ft 




Apuasaman A' 
Beam (James i -A 

Btoevs Lee 
B rown I N) 


Conors A 
Const |S1 
Com tAyeai 
Conwnwi Eng%*n 
Cara iFumi *• 
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Home Cnarm 
House Or Loros* 
Jones (Emasn 
L40WS Pi4)e 

Lm Cooper 

Lmnfr fUgour 

Mar** 6 Spencer 
UWUM* M0Hn) 
Mtien* Letsure 
Mo*s Bros 
MSB Newsagents 
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Peter* Sro*as 
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Bjmers (Jewefcre) 

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Samuel (Hi 
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13 7 30 10.5 

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3:6 180 *fl Bed 303 

5<Q 180 Amstrad <94 

W 61 Apm»1 Computers 0T 

» 63 Aden 80 

300 206 Aflame Comp 279 

S3 45 Avow Frida* SO 

m 140 Amo Sec 180 

340 240 enx 340 

110 61 BSR "I 

484 379 Bowtnorpe 400 

*2 02 I 7 Z£7 

175 110 Bartdey Tac» 
26 2Q CneWa 
2*3 194 CMM> 

20 i6 Ctroraewe 
27V (7 Bqu*r 1 fees 
263 183 Hansen 
>65 IKS tuory 8 Sena 
194 isa MSMIM 
sfl 38 Mat Horn lea 
49 43} Dan 



433 328 Brand Met 405 

298 20B Kanaady Di ootsa 206 
391 312 LsdOTAa 304 

477 447 Lon Pwt Hon* 477 
100 84 Mass Onmorte 84 

us 67 nmawKMk n 

79 SB'i Queens Most 74 

405 375 Sstoj Hands "A" 308 

Bl 56 Sums 73 

209 140 Trusovas# Fom 170 

-3 130 3213ft 

-8 2.1 E8 13.7 

-* 131 *ft J72 

.. 14ft 30 20.7 

-1 2j 0 Zft 13ft 

-4 ii £4 me 

-l'i 23 11 1S6 

-0 3ft <U 10ft 

• *1 1.7 2ft 135 

-3 7ft 4ft 17.7 




170 Al 


IS* « 


95 Al 



30 Al 



90 Al 



172 A* 



207 A 
IX Al 


250 A| 


32 At 


23 A 


355 A) 


62 A! 


255 Al 


351 42 


27 ; At 


268 At 


67 At 


IX B. 


383 Bl 


87 SI 


277*/ 81 


355 ffl 


183 Bl 

26% 18% Bl 


420 Br 


216 Bl 


129 Bl 


112 Bl 


W Bo 


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100 Bo 


24 Bf 


IX Bf 


9* B 


318 3o 



is Bl 


IX Bf 


as Bt 


100 Be 


214 Be 


310 Be 


26 Be 


260 Bf 


140 B* 


78 B4 


64 - Be 


105 Bf 


1*4 BC 


191 Bu 


33 BL 


189 Bn 


167 Bo 


265 Be 


£20 &- 


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£58 Be 


16% Be 


75 Bn 


323 Br 


62 & 


34 Bn 


35 Br 


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139 Br 


115 Bf 


<00 ft 


37 Br 


196 Bl 


296 Bn 


34 Bn 


15 Br 


25 Bn 


150 ft* 


19 Bn 


52 Bn 


200 Bui 


IX Bu 


59 Bu 

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as - ca 


56 Cl 


251 Ca 


56 D> 


25" C6! 


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516 On 



200 CM 




IX cu 


99 ca 


WO Co 


14$ Co. 


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I 9* W 

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228 170 Dswai 9 Natmsn 
115 92 Dim 
10'.715 De U Hus 
25D 171 BM _ 

340 166 Denund Sramemn 
288 108 Desointer 
10V tfl D«1M HVfl 
371 2BS Dipletns 
M S3 Dotnon Pb* 

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118 96 DotraSon M 

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29 40 137 

4ft 4ft 110 
5ft 7.7 T4ft 

11.0 31 t&4 

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35 5ft lift 
12ft 3ft 10ft 
32 48295 

BftO 42132 

11.1 5ft 10.7 
375 20 .. 
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17ft SI lift 











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430 •*» 27ft B.7 7JT 


tan • .. ir.i os soft 

2*3 • .. 17 13 314 

-I 13 U lift 

*3 104 4S 370 

31 24 31.1 
*1 OS 4ft 27ft 



10 ft 










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30V 22 UX 31 

325 251 Up 318 

323 218 Land 301 

sss (32 Loroom igj 

71 42 lawtas SO 

77 41 Laa (Arthur) 38V 

34 as LMcara 25 

74 TO Uuns4 72 

86 84 Unrasa 75 

67 53V ItoyH (Rf S4 

33 23V Locker 30 

210 179 Lon tMtid 210 

121 80 OnBM 127 

73 50V LOU • MDB 00 

220 150 Lon M 220 

170 134 lontpoi Ind 168 

468 326 tsar I Boaar 468 

3S0 306 W. Hdftt 378 

a 04 USM 77 

50V 32 MV Dart _ 45 

393 255 Uacanrqn Pharro 348 

160 >21 Mactadam i«2 

73 43 IlnwroiPWI) 80 

239 185 UcKarisM 213 

103 78 Usemaa __ toj 

090 495 Msnctmr SMp 530 
88 52 Manganaas Bnms 87 

120 lOI Merter 125V 

83 68 EMng 73 

98 72 MroMdOdM » 

94 BB DO 'A' 88 

05 «S Mmtii Unw 79 

050 98D Itwnroatr ma 

720 525 IMta 000 

150 13B MeW CMautaa 137 

02 61 I tas wi 78 

78V Bl Mam* Can B5V 

m to UMMBSamen 96 

191 163 MOM 100 

275 2iz Morgan Queue 2*8 

1i3 90 MonlRooert) >00 

90 20V Nespiend 27V 

218 101 NMlfJ) 208 

144 92 N ewm t n TMh MO 

05 50 Noaon S3 

263 106 Nvcroa 260 

239 203 Office Boa Macn 215 

«SS 247 Parser Knoll A 400 

268 223 nrk PM 253 

915 525 Pamsh JT «» 

&0S 383 PBanwi 473 

zo 11 Pa* is 

115 00 RaartsM 115 

472 332 Pnflec-Hetlrrjlei 472 

5 60 280 PendWO Ind 530 

1* 775 Rsno-Ma £12 

483 311 Ptisngam 483 

(D 51 Plastic Ctmmr 01 

tm 580 Portal* 800 

2SB 215 Porter Cnedbem 281 

238 238 POHaBDuftyn 270 

164 95 ProeawM Hbgs 136 

75 58 PnUWM Swv 6 T, 

174 97 RFD 174 

174 110 RHP 165 

130 123 Rattan! Metal 130 

577 421 Hank <kg 502 

200 115 Ransom Sme >88 

>38 SB RatcaOx (G« Bndga) 100 

900 005 FteOffl 8 Canon 850 

103 118 flMPumOW* ItO 

236 200 Head Esacusee 236 

891 849 Reed M 6*4 

153 132 RetfOa 140 i 

76 57 Renau 75 

102 90 Rastmor >02 

475 3*5 Remans 425 

29 21 Hexmors 27 

180 110 RietSOO Ena 147 i 

03 53 Rldroid (l*s) 83 

58 19 RKtOTson HM 58 

152 120 Rotvneon Rm 120 

273 156 RaMnmi (Thoew) 273 

55 30 Hodiwara 48 

149 128 Am 134 

146 124 Do 'A' 124 

r.- SV Rarsprtni 7 

158 116 Hotair 153 

130 08 RuneB [At 110 

05 1ft 107 
U 11 29ft 
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040 3S 0ft 

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23 *3 117 
3ft 4ft 00 
3ft 07 1&7 
IS 6ft BS 
14ft 0ft US 

7ft lift Kft 
39 £7 232 
4ft 2ft 21ft 
103 2ft 1£7 
11.1b 2ft 21ft 
tt7 OS lift 
1ft £1 15ft 
13ft 3S 100 
3ft £510* 
8ft 3ft 103 
lift 5ft 103 
4ft 4.7 04 
08 1ft 100 
4ft Bft 7ft 
5ft 4ft 24.1 
Bft 3ft SO 

4ft 4,4 15J 

4ft 4S137 
£9 37 10ft 
137a £0 214 
24ft £8 104 

00 7ft 16ft 
35 4ft lift 

01 Oft 06 
5 lQ 5ft 17ft 

lift 60 9ft 
t£1 43 14ft 

44 44 11,1 

01a 0.4 14ft 
10ft 4ft 0s 
Wftn 74 11.7 
14 £B 99ft 
12ft 4ft 131 
11.4 5ft 12ft 
15ft 3.7 14ft 
OS 08 214 

£00 218 
83 55 

71 49 
505 373 
128 103 
ITO 120 
116 V 

1*4 137 

19* 134 
164 129 
42 29 

110 70 

153 118 
920 703 
47 32 

255 180 
ISO 83V 
463 388 
31 ■ 2BV 
262 188 
36 X 
320 £20 
225 103 
289 298 
192 129 
130 71 

11B 80 
150 85 
S3 43 
473 3*5 
473 35* 
115 88 

233 170 
88 75 
210 153 
205 103 
298 1*0 
330 2S4 
30 t£ 
221 193 
556 249 
166 115 
250 £10 
4B5 360 
02 33 

91 04 
105 123 
108 Bl 


SaiM Gordon (J) 

Scon Graan ha m 
Scan HanWHe 
scan 8 Hotmail 
B ecaicor 
Do A 

Seamy Sere 
Senior Eng 

Swan Eng 226 

Sk Hunted 120 

SkeKMey (83 

SKF -B- £31 

5mpi 0 Mapnew 253 

Smn WMwonn 35 

Smuts ind 304 

S SWiJ") 200 

Spear 8 Jbetaon 270 

GpravSerso 182 

Son no —iae 127 

Sag Fixnutin IDS 

Standard Riworia 140 
Gur Coup 00 

SOMUf 47Q 

StoeOey *5i 

SnrwigiM 113 

SncMaka 230 

EHNM 83 

Stodian & Fn 103 

aunkomOon 204 

SuMr 2» 

Ssoro Ptahc -A 336 

Syorawa 2* 

Svnona 203 

TNT 183 

TSLTTwmal 233 

race *90 

Trims Own £33 

Tabes 6% 

Tenet 80 

Tea Haas 1S8 

Thrd M4( 10* 

14ft Oft 15ft 
. . . . 301 

9ftn 7ft 15ft 
21.4 45 1A0 

2.1 0.4 15ft 

7ft 06 31.1 
17ft 00 10ft 

4.0 4S 1 42 
213 3ft 104 

1 ft 08 . 

*1.7 60 145 

1ft 1.1 29.4 
04 Bft 7ft 
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01 07 1£2 

3 3 23 
21 A 3ft 10ft 

7.1 08 11 J 
£6 08 3ft 

22S £7 17ft 

£9 lft IDS 
5ft £1 108 
27 ft 01 15ft 
68 4J 11.1 
lft IS 10S 
07 08 107 

4ft 1.1 321 
14b 02 10JS 

4 1 Zft 18ft 

14 1J t] 
.. a .. 255 
01 28 106 
.. .. 374 

. . . . 27ft 

S3 09 7ft 

05 7ft 73 

. . . . 3ft 

7.7 5ft 114 

2ft 1.7 627 

23a 7.1 68 
93 £7 14ft 
1.7 23 220 
05 AS 1 6ft 
101 32 11.4 

43 33 173 

43 £8 117 
10 13 14.7 
1.7 1.1 30« 

18 1.1304 
14 £8 213 
23 Sft 171 
02 2ft 7.7 
12ft IDS 73 
175 £0 223 

38a as M3 
114 30 05 
7ft 0510ft 
224 48 193 

08 £8 si 4 

04 M 210 

04 £123.5 

07 £8101 

00 3M£) 
07 JL7 14 7 
07b 45 1£9 
7.9 72 85 
Sft 09 109 

■ -.209 

23.6 00100 

105 4 I 1£i 

13 £9 37.0 
17.1 7*4 49 

05 104 07 
.. a . 4ft 

12ft 8ft Oft 
Sft £1 203 

143 70 01 
Sftft 04 IBS 

4J 1ft lift 
9S 10 229 

0.3 48 7.7 
40 47 100 
01b 10 107 
£9 £7 183 

13 2.1 344 
Sft 1ft 33ft 
ISA 5ft 04 

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T ^°ijgh there anow gener- 
al acceptance that die. 
United Kingdom tngently . 

. . needs many more well- : 

^ucatea and trained graduate and 
technician engineers, n has proved 
to generate effective ac-. 
tion to meet this requirement 
There is still a lack of under- 
Stending of the wide, range <rf- 
acuvities affecting almost every 
of our daily lives, to whkn 
professional engineers waty m 
essential contribution;, far 'exam- 
ple, the offshore oO and gas 
operations in the North Sea and 
their distribution network, the- 
constru cti on and mamtenance of 
roads, bridges and buildings, tin; 
provision of drinknig water, ; 
the coal industry, electricity sup- 
ply. transport by air, fan d and sea, 
apiculiural and food processing 
industries, telecommunications, 
the manufacture of almost every- 
thing we use including refrigera- 
tors, . radio and television sets, 
washing machines, pharmaceuti- 
cal-products and chemicals, and of 
dental and medical equipment 
Many financial services too, 
such as banking and insurance, are 
now almost totally dependent on 
efficient computer systems and 

There is also the contribution of 




. engineers in the armed forces, 
maintaining complex, equipment, 
and the work of Britain's world- 
competitive : consulting engineers 
who design and - manage major 
civil, mechanical and electrical 
engineering projects for clients in 
ail parts of the world. Their 
foreign-exchange earnings last 
year totalled £572 million. 

In all these activities, engineers 
contribute their, skills to research, 
d e si gn and development, to eco- 
nomical manufacture and mainte- 
nance and to marketing -many 
products and services all over the 
world, as well as to general 

In addition a debate continues 
on the /jpe of engineer the country 
needs this formidable and 
diverse range of activities, and 
whether the present engineering 
degree courses should be extended 
to include' more business studies. 

Many believe, on the other 
hand, mat the prime need is for a 
new type - of multi-disciplinary 
systems engineer who is capable of 
spanning several of the traditional 
technologies and applying them to 
a wide range of activities, taking 
account of the profound impact of 
the new computer technologies in 
the 21st century. In a sense we are 
aiming at an accelerating target 

Great Britain needs 
top engineers but 

does little to 

ensure a steady 
output of them. 
Viscount Caldecote 
suggests solutions 

whose trajectory is unknown, and 
success is made difficult by the 
long reaction time of our educa- 
tion system. 

Engi neering degree courses have 
traditionally been three years long, 
supplemented by two years of 
practical training and two or three 
years of professional development 
under the supervision of a char- 
tered engineer. Bui it may no 
longer be possible to encompass 
a/I the new technologies adequate- 
ly in three years, however inten- 
sive the courses may be. Four-year 
courses, or three years plus a 

specialized fourth year, are 
thought to be essential, requiring 
more resources. 

Probably a mix of these schemes 
loegether with short courses and 
distance learning techniques for 
re-training, is most likely to meet 
the broad needs of industry and 

I le's varying aptitudes. 

ftiui the cost of educating 
£ engineers is substantially 
m higher than for many 
* other professions because 
of the need for modern equipment 
which must keep pace with the 
rapidly developing technologies 

in. for instance, new materials and 
advanced manufacturing process- 

Staff experienced in the new 
technologies, and who are able to 
teach design and manufacture, are 
in short supply. 

In schools there is a severe 
shortage of good teachers of 
mathematics and physics and this 
problem is exacerbated by the 
apparent inability of the educa- 
tional system to react to the laws 
of supply and demand by paying 
enhanced competitive salaries to 
people qualified in these fields: a 
rather surprising situation after six 
years of government by a party 
devoted to a market-led economy. 

We are facing a problem which 
has been growing for several 
decades and is becoming acute. Its 
solution will require a larger 
allocation of national resources 
than the £43 million over three 
years which is being made avail- 
able by the Government for 
engineering and technology places 
in higher education. 

The Engineering Council is 
struggling with all these problems 
and is making constructive steady 
progress. But though the Prime 
Minister herself has indicated her 
support for the work of the 

council, the administrative ma- 
chine. both in Whitehall and 
academia seems, to resist change 
at the rate that is needed 

A significant factor is. 1 believe, 
the shortage of influential top- 
level civil servants with a real 
understanding of the role of 
engineering in the economy and 
the urgency of making whatever 
changes are needed. Though more 
than 20 years ago the Fulton 
Committee recommended that 
steps be taken to remedy this 
deficiency in civil service recTuit- 
menu nothing effective has ever 
been done. 

Yet the fault is not all with 
Government. There is still too 
little appreciation in industry of 
the contribution which high-quali- 
ty engineering manpower can 
make. Pay and career opportuni- 
ties are often inadequate, in 
comparison with those in other 

The image of themselves which 
engineers create is another impor- 
tant factor. In the past we have too 
often been seen as being more 
interested in working on exciting 
engineering projects than in mak- 
ing. money by selling them in a 
competitive markcL 

All these factors make it more 
difficult to improve the supply of 

April 10,1986 

well-qualified engineers, and it 
was with such issues as these in 
mind lhat the Fellowship of 
Engineering was formed .10 years 

"The Fellowship is concerned 
with the promotion of excellence 
in all aspects of engineering, 
especially by recognising the high- 
est standards amongst engineers 
themselves. It aims to be for 
engineers what the long-estab- 
lished and influential Royal Soci- 
ety is for scientists, an institituon 
existing to help engineers to serve 
the community more effectively 
and to which every young char- 
tered engineer will, in time, aspire 
to be elected. 

The need for a better supply of 
well-qualified people attuned to 
this age of rapidly advancing 
technology is not in doubt. So if 
wc are to maintain our position in 
the world we must give all possible 
support to those who arc working 
to solve these problems, whether 
in centres of education and train- 
ing. the professional engineering 
institutions, the Engineering 
Council or the Fellowship of 

The author is President of the 
Fellowship of Engineering. 

— Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 — 

— Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 — 


♦Salary c £21,000 p.a. (Under Review) 
♦Concessionary Mortgage Facilities *Car 

Following the merger of the Al&ance and 
Leicester Budding Societies lad October the 
largest bidding society meigBr ewer, we wish to 
desetop our msu ran cerdaled activities having 
regard to tfie proposed financial services and 
building societies? legislation. . 

Vtfth ths in mind, we wish to appoint an 
Insurance Controller to advise and guide the 
Society on all matters retatingto fife and general 
insurance-lbs is asenior management position, 
based at Hcwa with responabi&ty for all our 
specialist insurance staff. 

bvtiaByt. the requirement wiB be to ensure that 
the staff at afl our 440 plus branch offices are 
trained in fife assurance to the proposed licensing 
sta n d ard s and are then provided with an expert 
advice and counse&tg service. - 
The successful applicant w# be expected to 
naft a ain a comprehensive market awareness of 
products and terms offered by insurance 
companies, vwth special emp h asi s on life-related 

con tract s . Applicants should preferably be aged 
30 to 40 arid must have at least five years? 
relevant practical experience and be qualified 
ACil Effective communication aid 
management stols are essential. 

Starting salary will be around £21000. die 
exact figure depentfeig or qualifications and 
experience. Outstanding benefits include a car; 
attractive concessionary mo rt ga ge facilities, 
private medical insurance and an exceflent 
contributory pension scheme. Relocation 
expenses to the attractive area on the South 
Coast wiH be met by the Society where . 

Ptease send detafis of your age. experience, 
qualifications and current salary highlighting 
what you befieue you can offer to this job to 
Mike A Nicholson. Assetant General Manager 
{Personnel & Training}, Alliance & Leicester 
Building Sooety, Administrative Centre. 

Hove Park. Hove. East Sussex. BN3 7AZ. 



18-19 April 1986 Novotel. Hammeremith, London 

1275 vacancies 

fbrDP professionals 

Wcancies at all skill levels 

\bcanties in all salary ranges 

Discuss vacancies face to face 
with the DP professionals 
responsible for recruitment 

Opening toms 

Friikn Ifl.Apnf MUR i 1000900 
Sdimdrfv 19 April 1986 110H800 

• Oipwdbr'fNTKOUkUBM 
rt RmwB Haww Swa, 

U Windsor. Bert atae SU I HQ. 

■ Telephone OT5S *58*11. 

ExkibrtBB admit 


BBQ Sk. 

^ ,n Dixons CwBrtwc 


| ... ..toms * SnJ “ 

JCL ^ 122 *j 22 


■r/ Viri 7:1 

Htspanotl (UK.) Lid . The expanding u.K subsidiary or 
Spams leading energy organisation, is at present seeking a 
Draughtsman to fill a demanding posttkm within Its 
KnighbtMldgeJMsed London Headauarters. 

The Company is Involved mainly in exMonOon adtvtoes in 
(he North Sea. 

AppHcanB should have a mlntirasn of 3 years experience, 
preferably within an ad company. 

Htgtuy attractive salary + perks, according to age and 
experienc e . 

Appli ca tion wffl be treated in the strictest confidence, and 
ahotdd be sent to: 

Mr. X. Odrfemte 
HicpMMfl (UJL)XM 
5 Prince’s Cdi 
London 5W7 1QJ 


General Manager required for a new one off 
employment agency recently opened ai London 
Bridge- As well as building your own client base 
the applicant will be expected to contribute to- 
wards company systems and policies. The 
generous salary and bonus package will be com- 
mensurate with someone who his at least two 
years management experience. The post also car- 
ies partnership potential after the first year. For 
an informal discussion please calk 

01-403 7588 or 
01-853 1451 evenings 


Previous Occupation: On/ Servant 
The Ovfl Service was 
Interesting but promotion 
was slow Here the harder 
you work, the sooner you get 
to the top!* 


Previous Occupation: 

Hold Manaatr 

‘In Catering I was working long 
hours for very Hide reward. At 
Marlowe- Sachs I find myself 
in a stimulating environment 
where hard work pays!* 

foin the Professionals 


PriTinus Occupation. Tcacner 

'One aspect or reaching 1 
particularly enjoved » as the 
oppon unify of meeting people 
. rhed-rlenenceatMariowe- 
Sachs is that meeting people 
makes money!* 


IViwn# uiuiiiifi. Barrister 
'I enjoy working with a team 
of ‘young professionals going 
places' . Not only do I make 
my clients money grow. but 
I ve trebled me own income in 
lust ncoyears* 


‘I have worked in a variety of different service industries. 3rd 
ran my own business. At Marlowe-Sachs I fee! 1 have found mi niche 
Here I’m paid well, retain my hard-earned independence, and look 
Id my mam interest - making money for investors. 

Marlowe Sachs are intermediaries in the field of Unit Trusts. Pensions. Investments (onshore and 
offshore), and Insurance. We are expanding our sales operations and require intelligent, energetic 
individuals aged 25-40 for our Head Office in the City. 

TL (T 1 ft *3 Marlowe Sachs. 

Ttjr Marlowe Sachs ss 

iBE>! Tel: 01-242 2420 



FPS (Management) Ltd is a leading firm of financial consultants and because of phenomenal expansion in 1 986 is 
looking for outstanding individuals to compliment its London based team of professionals. 

The right individuals (aged 23+ and based in London) will be energetic and intelligent, highly motivated, 
hardworking and able to absorb new ideas quickly. 

FuJI training will be provided. 

Remuneration expected to be in excess of £15.000. and lead to management in the first year. 

This is a superb opportunity to develop your own business and career path in a growing company and in an ex- 
citing industry. 

For further details phone the Recruitment Manager on 01-240 9058. 



VYe did. And successful selling made us Number Ode- y a 
in Instant Services for Retail Outlets - ail over the world ; A / 
Now due to our dynamic expansion we have v r O. t v. 
outstanding opportunities for a limited number' of rnervan^ ;b.;P 
women to become ' ■ ’ ’ . ' - No- 


VVe are 
lale 20s to !aie ao s wnc- 
fast, moving mufo-nelion 
in the hash oroide a res c 

ns'for experienced professionals in their 
vvhc have the potential to succeed ip a: 
omoany. Vbu versed- 
msumer durables, with vouc 

own car and telephone, and expect to earn a m;irimunTOf 
£ 1 7,000 p a plus generous business expenses. ; v ‘"'- : ; 

?,j>\ training both in house and in the field will be a' 


er ct c-cu-rs 

aityco b 


ve in yc 

iter <3 


arid react 



nes 1 ? 

IsnonaaO tO!£DhOri£ 



Dire; 01 - 

627 400C 

Jo r 

write v 

a fu*j 

C.V to: KK 


. r. - ! 


i otse. Unit 

A, 1 Pont 

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■■ o -• ~ 


ion SWS 5 

^ A 


JAMES MARTIN ASSOCIATES is a worldwide group of 
companies implementing the visions and concepts of its 
Chairman, James Martin. The rapidly growing acceptance of our 
Information Engineering Methodology creates a need to recruit 
consultants who wish to use the leading Systems Planning and 
Development Technology 

JMA clients are major organisations, who, recognising the value 
of information and effective systems, have embraced Information 
Engineering with its advanced graphics based analysis, design and 
construction tools. 

To be considered for. one of these opportunities you should be 
familiar with and/cr have experience of most of the following; 

• Strategic Planning for Information Systems 

• Analysis and implementation of data based applications using 
structured techniques 

• Management of Fourth Generation language developments 

• Relational, Codasyi and Hierarchical DBMS 


• Salaries up to £30*000 together with a comprehensive range of 

• A promotion/career and development path that embraces both 
management potential and technical expertise. 

AH enquiries will he dealt with in the strictest confidence and 
should be directed in the first instance to our advising consultant, 
SOUTH, 15 Park Street, Croydon, Surre>; CR0 1YO- 




The Market 

z=are you. 


RIMMEL INTERNATIONAL - part of a US-based 
multinational corporation — is one of the leading colour 
cosmetics companies in the UK, and plans to become number 
one in this fast-moving market 

To assist our dramatic growth in profitability, as well as 
market share, we wish to augment our young and highly 
professional Financial Services team with the recruitment of: 

Trainee Finance Managers 

Our financial and information systems are inextricabfy 
linked, with exciting developments in all areas of the business. 
If you’re looking for in-depth involvement in an expanding 
business you should be talking to us. 

We can assist with relocation costs to our Ashford 
Operations Centre which is within commuting distance of our 
West End HQ and pleasantly located in the ‘Garden County' 
of Kent. 

Our aim is to develop the Finance Managers of 
tomorrow. If you're a graduate and/or part-qualified accountant 
who’s got what it takes to be part of our success, contact: 

Derek E Jenkin, Financial Director. 
Rimmel International. 

17 Cavendish Square. 

London W1 M 0HE. Tel: 01 -637 1621. 




Lynwood Scientific is a successful British Company based 
in Alton, Hants which over 16 years has von an 
international reputation as a designer and manufacturer 
of high performance intelligent terminals ranging from 
Alphanumeric displays to colour graphic workstations. 
We're problem solvers, not box shifters and we know people 
are our prime resource. Our growth programme now 
calls for an expansion of our sales team. 

Lynwood is looking for high calibre, ambitious 
professionals and will reward them accordingly. 



An experienced pro- 
fessional manager, ideally 
a graduate, is needed to 
lead our Sales and Customer 
Support team. He/she 
should have a thorough 

knowledge of the minicom- 
puter/intelligent terminal 
markets and be mature, 
energetic and committed to 
mam taming our posirion as 
a leader in the field. 



We seek qualified 
Engineers who prefer to 
work in the Saies/Appli- 
cations areas. They should 
have a background in 
communications software 

or computer systems 
hardware, be confident 
but tactful and capable 
of working under their 
own initiative, often at 
customer sites. 



Candidates should have 
a strong technical back- 
ground in computers or re- 
lated products and be able 
to match potential users* 
problems to the solutions 

we can offer. We would ex- 
pect applicants to have had 
previous sales experience, 
be self motivated and 
capable of setting targets 
and achieving results. 

In the first instance, write to Jenny Adams with brief career details, or 
phone (0420) 87024. All applications will be treated In confidence. 
Lynwood Scientific Developments Limited. 

Park House, The High Street. Alton. Hampshire GU34 lEN 

nuflijr Q n MOM 0JBW 

VJBP g femM gg 

ESI £3 iftjm era WM 

I gi E2 ^ w W ^ 

iTiTTl I Sr.TnMTT 







The IBM PC Market Place continues to offer the most exciting future 
for DP Sales Professionals. Our clients, the cream of the PC Industry, 
have opportunities for PROFESSIONAL SALES MEN & WOMEN 
who wish to build on their success in the industry. The desire to 
develop a career within a rapidly expanding, dynamic, profitable, 
secure but demanding and challenging company is paramount 

Our clients are the *Blue Chips* of the PC Industry. If you are a 
'Blue Chip’ of the DP sales profession, these are some of the 
opportunities we can talk about 






CONSULTANTS: (to succeed with us) QTE to £30K 

CUSTOMER SUPPORT (London & Surrey). 

, . For an informal discussion please ring Nigel Wood on 

I>Hh 01-580 7988, or write to 


is an established life assurance company with a 
substantial capital base. The company is an 
associate of a major International Banking 
Group with assets of over £14 billion 
and which operates in 70 countries. 


£21,000 + Slaare Option Scheme 

| These vacancies offer major opportunities to participate in the 
development of our new life assurance systems. 

The ideal candidates will have proven design skills and dem- 
onstrate the ability to communicate effectively. A significant 
part of their work will bring them on contact with the deci- 
sion-makers of a fast-moving insurance company. 

We offer an excellent package which includes major benefits. 



To apply please write or telephone: 

Management Services Division 
TEL: 01-740 7070 





The National Building Technology Centre, formerly the Experimental Budding 
Station. »s the pre-eminent institute in Australia for fire technology research. The 
Government has affirmed its commitment to the revitalisation and ongoing 
development ot the NBTC and planning has commenced for the construction of 
new laboratory and testing facilities. The NBTC is also liaising with representat- 
ives Irom universities, government bodies and industry tn Australia, who are 
assisting with the formulation of policies which wiU determine the future direction 
ot lire technology research in Australia. 

Located m landscaped bushland m suburban Sydney. Australia's largest city, the 
NBTC is seeking to engage a senior research scientist/ engineer to manage a 
wide range of services and functions associated with fire research and testing, 
product development and the generation dissemination ot technical information. 
This position offers the rare opportunity and challenge of fulfilling key research 
and management roles m a world-renowned research organisation. 


• Lead in I he development ot research programs and policy formulation. 

• Ensure the highest levels ot productivity, service arid efficiency am achieved 
and maintained 

• Forward plan, allocate and manage resources (financial, human, physical) 
against predicted workloads. 

• Establish and maintain cornmuncaiions with other research organisations, 
industry. Government and the community. 

• Liaise with clients who have submitted work for research, testing or 


• Architect Class 5. an appropriate degree or diploma in Architecture; or 
equivalent qualification. 

• Engineer Class 5; Qualifications admitting to graduate membership of t he 
Institution ot Engineers. Australia, or other quaffi cal ions recognised by the 
Public Service Board or appropriate for the efficient discharge ot the duties. 

• Science Class 5 An appropriate degree or diploma in Science; or equivalent 

it is desirabte that applicants be able to demonstrate significant achievements in 
the held ol fire technology research. Post-graduate qualifications will be an 


Normal Australian Public Service conditions apply. Benefits include 4 weeks paid 
annual leave with salary loading, generous sx* leave provisions, excellent 
career prospects and contrfoutory superannuation Salary payable writ be in the 

Architect Class 5 $A4t.518-$A44.'l07 
Science Class 5 $A40.306-$A42.730 
Engineer Class 5 SA41.941-SA44.460 
Assistance with relocation expenses may be provided m certain arcumstances. 
To be eligible for appointment, applicants must hotd Australian citizenship. 
However, applicants who are accepted for and are wtitng to take out Australian 
citizenship, may be offered fixed term temporary employment pending the 
granting of citizenship. A fixed term engagement of up to three years will be 
negotiated for a successlul applicant who does not meet this criterion. 


Applicants must provide details of relevant research and management experi- 
ence. qualifications, membership of relevant assodabons/sooefies, papers 
published, personal particulars and copies of references. Applications should be 
forwarded lo: 

The Executive Director 
National Building Technology Centre 
PO Box 30. Chalswood, NSW 2067 AUSTRALIA. 

Please contact Dr David Cook by telephoning; Australia (02) 888 8888 for further 
information. Applications dose 16 May. 1986. 





The division of Electronics Applications in the 
Department of Trade and Industry is responsible fob technical 


Working either in the computing or instrumentation 



Salaries rise from £9865 to £12,115 f including £1365 
Inner London Weighting), plus a special p« allowanceofup 
to £l?50. Significant improvements in pay scales wtLltake 




Alencon Link. Basingstoke. Hants RG21 1IB, or telephone 
Basingstoke (0256) 468551 (answering service operates outside 


The Civil Service is an equal opportunity employer 




West Midlands 

From £20 XXX) p a . + Car + Benefits 

Husky Computers Limited . the 
highly successful manufacturer of 
hand-held microcomputers. firmly 
established as a market leader in 
this country and also selling 
strongly world- wide, seeks a 
Production Director! Designate! 

The success ful candidate will 
be experienced hi producing 
medium quantity electronic 
systems to exacting quality 
standards. Husky products 
employ advanced surface mo unting 


technology, precision mechanic 
construction and what are probably 
the world's most robust computers, 
so experience in th e se a re as is 
essentiaL Also desirable is 

experience of Defence qaalitjr 

standards .Far Eastern materials 
procurement and the ability to 
con trol a rapidly expanding 
manufacturing activity in an area of 
technology innovation. 

Please write to Richard Varcoe, 

CC & P. International Limited. 
26>28 Bedford Row, London 
WC1H 4HF. enclosing a copy ofycmr 
curriculum vitae 


Enthusiasm, energy and commitment is what's 
needed to join our fast growing lettings office. 

High earnings potential (basic plus 
commission). Sales experience preferred but 
not essential. Must be car owner. 

Please ring Sally Cannon 
01-937 8294 

Career opportunities open up as 
Sun Alliance Group moves into new era 

SrftfKv* Ss—” 

>®£L‘ A 

Now that the surfs 

prospects are 



If you’re set on haying . .. . / 

a better-paid, more stixn- V / /*- 

ulating. more challenging \ '■ . ISff 
career, then recent events \ ■ - //sm 

at the Sun Alliance Group are \ Jf 
certain to rank as the hottest " 

news you'll read in today’s paper: 

. What you might not be aware of is the ~~~ 
feet that Sun Alliance has joined forces with 
Phoenix Assurance Group and Property Growth 
Assurance to form one of the most powerful 
financial organisations in Great Britain today. 

Sun Alliance Investment and Life Services, 
one of the Group's vital national sales teams, 
are offering excellent opportunities to people 
who’d 5ke to succeed in the UK’s fastest- 
growing and most dynamic industry. 

If you join us as one of our direct sales con- 
sultants. youU be trained to give people valuable 

t AM? LIFE r 

\ If you’re aged between 25 

\ \ puSLa 7 and 55 and believe you 
VsA , - -y can make it m Britain’s most 

/exciting business, please call 
gw Vt ' /rje write to us m complete 
" yJj/ confidence for » Career Briefing 
- - "J ^^appointment- But hurry. Now that the 
news has leaked out you wont be the und- 
one who wants to head for the Sun. 

a V- : 

advice on how our plans can help them. And 
you'll benefit from a career which promises 

Contact Derek Forbes on 01-6800606. 
Or write tohmat Srin Alliance Investment 

unlimited earnings potential, first rate promotion and Life Services, Leon House, High Street, 

prospects and lifelong security. 

Croydon Cfi9 lLtL 

Sun Alliance 

Investment & Life Services 

Am ember erf zb? Sun Affiance GnxfX 

Senior Sales Executive, 

City of London 



Two of the computer industry's leading names in computerised 
banking systems have joined forces to produce one of the mast flexible 
international banking packages yet developed. 

* FiX \ \ t ; 

, . , » 

. i * \ 

Nixdorf Computer is looking to recruit an experienced Finance Sales 
Executive to sell our International Banking Systems to financial institutions 
in the City of London. 

Li' *• - - 

The systems range from small single-userteiminalsupto multi- 
workstation configurations covering a variety of financial sectors including 
foreign exchange, the money market, commercial and syndicated loans, 
securities, leasing, accounting and central bank returns; 

You will have proven experience of selling computer systems to a wide 
range of financial institutions, plus the self-motivation necessary to 
succeed in a highly competitive marketplace. You will also have sound 
experience in project management 

At Nixdorf, we believe in realistic and achievable targets. The successful 
candidate will enjoy the backing of high quality, proven hardwareand 
softwaresystemsthatmakesseHingtotheCitysomucheasier. . 

Join in oursuccess: contact Chris Denington, Recruitment Manager 
by telephoning 01-570 1888 or send yourcareer details to him at:- 

Nixdorf Computer Limited 
1 25-1 35 Staines Road 
Middlesex TW33JB 



German reliability matched 
by British know-how 


ISSi! 5 synOTy *m and excellence in the design, supply sad maintenance 

of control systems as applied tn the HVAC industry. - 

To complement our Sales Team, we now need to appoint additional • 

. ■_ 


Environmental Controls & Braiding Management Systems 


** candk HJ?.]E bosc expertise and drive matches onr Company’s 

BESS Comra3ws ' PuWic 

V £?4 


A^mprehensive knowledge of electronic control systems and/or air conditionra* systems, as well as 
JSSSra* ex Pwwnce andsuccea in setting, are the moS 
applicants, who arc likely to be qualified to HNQHND-fcveL 

Sm^nys 6 !^^ 111 ** CXCtUeat **** “ dic ® ted b y the successful applicants’ motivation and the 

Life * 'ireww* BUPA, fire 

Pteose write with fid) details to:- 
The Personnel Officer • 

Sauter Automation Limitod 
165 Bath Road 
Berks SL1 1AA 




Are you realising your full 
earning potential? 

OTE £ 17 - 25 K+ car 

In the highly competitive business 
wpment market, Canon lead 
the way. 

purF» m actBnes,etectroft»c * 
MXHriters, word processorsand 
comprehensive range of 
Photocopiers (Including our 
exciting new high volume copiers) 
dominate the market ^ 

We're aiming to capitalise on our 
powenu position by recruiting 
more experienced sales people . 
for ourselves, and our Canon 
Dealers, nationwide. 

All positions offer unprecedented 
sales opportunities which win 
appeailo true professionals who 
have considerable sales ski I is and 
an impressive record of success, 
not necessarily in the business 
equipment market 

>bu should be looking (or 

should achieve it and more -plus 
a company car and a fuR range of 

\bu should also be young 
enough, dynamics nd ambitious 
enough to be looking tor career 
development potential -and with 
Canon you could achieve that 

if you want to join an organisation 
who recognise yourtrue sales 
abilities, and pay you weH for 
them, contact us nowl 
Please wrte.endoang your full 
CV to Richard Wray Regional 
Manager; Canon (lft<) Limited. 

3 Hall Road. Mayfands Wood 
Estate, Hemel Hempstead, Herts: 
HP27BR . 


Etitetift? ■ , ' avp^.t Xmtfte'f&ruitHi&TfCmiudtiifjcif 


Amrarion pad and meekly tteaBs an 
rt pbrc inciiMfiac <x*r 4 im jabs 
■ (Oil ZOO 0200 w«filr ** 

for « free job ♦ 

■be recrnnaeni aartwt | 

■ pbonr idrdau ( 

PER. 1EP) SwriSm Howe. Z-4 Fto,HBn GrU f . S h H S rf dSI 4JH. 






To seB a fogjca!, efficient, time saving and cost effective media service to 
Senior Manners and Dfredoisof conpanies throughout the UK. The fits 
few months wiD involve eneraaic telephone sales work but the 
opportunity loroeet with diems and sefl"&ce to fece‘ will become available 
soon after your training period. The job is based In London W3- 


Safes experience is MOT essential, but afl appScantsmust have some 
commercial experience and be aged between 21-55 years. You must be 
able to express yourself dearly, be persistent and seek an opportunity 
where high rewards and career growth are available through daQy efforts 
and success, not through dead people's shoes and bureaucracy. 


A basic salary of between £5,000 and £8,000 pa. dependent on 
experience, phis a very attractive commission scheme giving on target 
earning! of £15,600 in your first year and £20,000+ in your second year 
. ( All budness expenses are paid). 

We offer you thechance ro jnm an ambitious and expanding market leader, 
established for over fourteen years. 

TELEPHONE mw GODDAM ON 01743 632t&W. 

* *■ 

W » - 

Apporatn*^ Register 
Jobs for professionals: Professionals for jobs. 

WALKER — — a 

£18 - £25K + BMW 520i 

Those of you who enjoy implementing Accounting Packages - join oar 

Walker's success is with large UK organisations purchasing an entire 
range of high technology padtages for trig IBM computers. 

For you - each client assignment will mean an ex citing sew c h a ll e n g e . This 
is because the tremendously flexible and adaptable nature of Walkers 
products gives each customer a unique opportunity to meet 100% of their 

The successful candidate wffl have several years relevant experience in the 
following areas: - 

it General Ledger or Purchase Order or Accounts Payable 

* Package Implementation 

★ Project Management 

Please send year C.V to Barbara Wakfe Account Executive Manager 

Walker Interactive Products Inte rn a tiona l 
Walker House 
George Street 
Bucks BP20 2HU 

Teh Aylesbury (0296) 32951 

Flexible Senior Managers 

Hi-Tech Development 

Komatsu Lid, iheleacfing construction equipment/ 
industrial machinery manufacturer is establishing a 
manufacturing operation in Tyne & Wear, which wiU beat 
the forefrom of manufacturing technology. 

Production Manager 

£ 25 . 000 + car. Aged 3(V45, qualified to HNC candidates 
will be experienced in heavy engineering where quality 
control is a priority. Sound management skills are oseatiak 
the position requires a decisive, responsive and double 

Personnel Manager 

c£ 18,000. Su 

the Personnel and Administration 
its should be aged 30-45, preferably 
plus IPM membership. 

Administration Manager 

c£15,000. Responsible for developing a positive role with 
the local community phis the day to day manufacturing unit 

arfmmiwari nn 

Aged 25-45 an effective communicator with high leud 
organisational skills is required. 

PnonerJtV McIntyre or Aldan Lynn, PER Newcastle on 

Senior Energy 
Conservation Engineers 

c£ 14,000 + bonuses 



lire sera or cnj_ 
feasibility studies. 

Chartered Engineers or MftBSE with 
at least three years' experience, aged 28-50. Excellent 
career prospects. 

Send full cv to: Jane Rothery. PER, 150 Corporation 
Street. Birmingham B4 6TB. 

UK Sales Manager 

For Wholesale Menswear 

We produce high quality men's and ladies' wear and have 
successfully developed co-ordinate collections which are 
making a significant impact in UK and world markets. As 
die result of expansion we now need a man or woman aged 
28 to 45, for the above position, to be based in our Regent 
Street Headquarters. Responsibilities will include the 
development of major house accounts, new menswear and 
accessory accounts, the co-ordination of agents and the 
organisation of sales exhibitions. Similar experience in 
quality clothing or allied merchandise is essential. The 
terms negotiated will reflect the importance of the position. 
Write, giving foU details of career and salary to dale, 1« 
Personnel Director, Aquascutum, 100 Regent Street, 
London W1 A 2AQ. 



Petroleum Engineering 

Core Laboratories UK Limited, a successful petroleum 
engineering consultancy within the Litton Resources 
Group, have the following London based vacancies^ 

Supervisor - 
Pefirograhic Services 

The successful candidate will have six-ten years' 
experience, four years in the North Sea area and should 
have an MSc/PhD in ecology. Applicants should be 
familiar with X-ray diffraction, SEM. thin section petrology 
and sedimented ogy and have previous supervisory 
experi en ce. The position includes profit centre 
responsibilities for a dynamic and growing department 


Openings exist for experienced Sedimcnioloeisis/ 
Penologists. An MSc/PhD and three years' industry 
experience is requited with knowledge of SEM. X-ray 
diffraction, rhin section petrology, interpretation 
deposition^ environments from core and technical report 

Please send career histories foe The Peraonnel I 
Core Laboratories UK Limited, 75 Greenfield Road, 
London El 1EJ. 

Systems Engineer 

To £15,000 + car Slough 

My diem, part of an international group providing systems 
and equipment for automatic materials handling, requires a 
Systems Engineer to analyse customers* materials handling 
requi rcmcnts and design and develop projects throughout' 
the LfK. Duties will include business development, 
preparing quotations, writing publicity articles and {raising 
with the Swiss headquarters. Candidates should ideally be 
graduates, aged 25-35 with experience of materials 
handling or industrial computer systems. Analytical skills 
and the ability to negotiate at all levels are csscribaL Salary 
is negotiable to£15.000 + a car, pension and health 
insurance schemes. 

Contact: Sylvia Rutter. PER, 20 The Butts Centre, 

SI 7 OB- Tel: <0734) 595666. 

Quality Control Supervisor 

c£ 11,000 


Travenol is a successful £multi-miIlion international 
company devoted to the design, development, manufacture 
and distribution of a ranee oflifc-saving medical products. 
The (n Process Quality Control Supervisor is the first line 
of management and controls all day to day aspects of a 
section of QC checkers actively involved in all in process 
manufacturing in a dean environment. Aged 25 to 30. with 
a technical/ scientific degree or equivalent you should have 
QC, 'production experience ideally at supervisory level in a 
pharmaceutical or similar organisation. The company offer 
wide ranging benefits including relocation assistance and 
good career prospects. 

Phone: Stewart hemp. 

PER Norwich on 
for an application form. 


Director Designate 


This international specialist defence procurement 
company wishing to expand its supply to Warsaw Pact 
Standards of Equipment, seeks a Director Designate. The 
successful candidate must have proven established contacts 

Serbo-Croat, Russian and English is therefore essential - 
knowledge of German an advantage. Preferably over 30 
with a passport acceptable throughout the world as 

frequent travel is required. Salary negotiable. 
Send foil cv to: Jenny Cforfce, PER 4th 
4-12 Regent Street, Lon 

Clarke, PER 4th Floor, Rex House, 
don SVV1Y 4PP. 

Electrical Engineer 

Negotiable salary Surrey 

Air Products is an international organisation currently 
enjoying an impressive period of expansion and profitable 
growth. Wc are now seeking an Electrical Engineer to cany 
outa variety of duties including circuit and system 
evaluation and design, control panel design and layout, 
selection, procurement and inspection olequipmcnLand 
the supervision of contractors on site. Applicants should 
ideally beat least HNC/HND qualified, with a minimum of 
fire years* relevant experience, including some familiarity 
with lighting and power, programmable controllers and 
with requirements for equipment in hazardous areas. An 
attractive negotiable salary will be supported by an 
excellent benefits packagc. 

P tease apply with tufi cv, indicating your current salary and 
benefits, to: Alan Glover. Air Products limited, Heisham 
Place, Molesey Road, Wahon-oo-Tbames, Surrey KTI 2 
4RZ, or alternatively, telephone trim on (0932) 249550 
for an application form. 

Business Associate 

NIFES, one of Europe's leading energy consultants, 
requires a Business Associate to sell its professional 
services in energy management, design consultancy and 

of the economy. The ideal candidate will be aged 30-45. a 
qualified engineer with sound selling experience and ability. 
Salary by negotiation together with company car and bonus 

Applicants shou id send particulars of qualifications and 
experience toeJ Noble. Regional Manager, NIFES 

" " * ~ House. Sindertaod Road. 


Sales Manager 


c £ 15,000 + benefits 

Looking for a challenge that could lead to Marketing 
Director? Arc vou an existing Sales Managerwiih drive and 
ambition, ageef 30-4 5. ideally with experience of selling 
automatic control instrumentation, especially to chemical, 
process and water treatment industries? Then you could be 
the person we need to exploit this expanding market. 

Contact: Lynne Waterhouse. PER 14-16 Chapel Street, 
Luton LUI 2SU Tel: (0582) 4 17562. 

Key Account Executive 

c£ 12,000 + bonus + car Cam bs based 

The merger of the two market leaders in print, promotional 
labelling, point of sale and packaging for the horticultural 
industry, creates an exciting opportunity (or a sales 
professional to work from a well established customer base. 

both existing and new key ao 
Please apply to: Liz Jordan. BuraU + Floraprinl. PO Box 
29, Wisbech, Cambs PE13 2TH. Teh (0945) 61 165 or 
64771. ale. 

burall +f 

Catering Sales 

Fagor UK (Midlands) Ltd. distribute high quality, 
competitively priced, large scale catering equipment 

Sales Manager 

You will develop a network of sub-distributors and key 
accounts, ascertain potential end users: attend trade fairs 
and exhibitions. A good negotiator, you must have a proven 
record of selling capital equipment to catering and allied 
industries and at least 15 years' experience. 

Field Sales 

This involves developing sales through leads, personal 
contact, initiative and cold calling. 

Successful sales experience, self-motivation and 
determination essential Product training in Spain. Thev arc 
offering excellent on-tarcet earnings (dSU.UOO and 
c£ 1 5.000 respectively ). Generous bencDts include car 
scheme and business expenses. 

Send follcv to: David Coll. PER 150 Corporation Street. 
Birmingham B4 6TB. 

Senior Quality Assurance 
Software Engineer 

VSEL is a major force in the defence industry working at 
the forefront of technology with over 1 2.000 employees at 
its headquarters in Barrow-in-Furness on the edge of the 
Lake District National Park. The company has alaigc 
order book covering nuclear and conventionally powered 
submarine, armaments and heavy engineering products. 
The design, production and administration functions utilise 
extensive computer systems applications. The Quality 
Assurance Department has a vacancy fora Senior Quality 
Assurance Software Engineer with company wide 

control This wfl] in 1 

the effectiveness of software design control procedures 
including software audit surveillance within the company 
and at subcontractors. The successful candidate should 
have a sound background in software design preferably 
with knowledge of he relevant QA standards in the defence 

For an application fbnn contact: 

Irene Roberts, PER 
Victoria House. Onnskirt Road, 

Preston PR1 2DX. 

TeL (0772) 59743. 


Optical Designer 


As pan of a major international group this highly 

-red lens systems 



hold an 

contact and co-operation with other group companies both 
within the UK and overseas is an essential feature of both 
positions. These excellent opportunities offer a competitive 
salary coupled with-an attractive benefits package which 
includes bonus scheme, pension and generous relocation 

Phone: Richard FarreDy. PER Bristol on (0272) 277217. 


-* f >V**‘ 


T- * - . 


titvanTMi Technotoav fntemational (ATI) ■ is a smalt - but highly successful - 

fEJKnoSow fete such as aerospace and defence, data processing. tetecom- 

wT^raw'eSndmg our curriculum and have a vacancy for a jnwammw. The 
% coRtSss “SSSwg nw topics. ^cking,dam speakers, wrtmg brochures. 

selecting and updating maHtig-ksts, and twining the events. 

seieuoiy a nrnita Ip m hic/hw tatB Sfht nr «t rtv 3Ds. 

He/she Will nave mniuimuauw «u own; w »s»« 

STSSm *• A knowled9e ofonew 

several European tangoages would be an alvantage. 

weertter a good salary and a friendly working environment 

ITytSfi I iheMJ and wouklfrke to apply, please send a copy of your CV to: 

Michael Frank Programmer Vacancy 
Advanced Technology International 
P.O- Box 274 London WCt B 4ER 

the general trading company 


«.■- rm-siieious departmem store requires an Office Manager to take 
111,5 riSmnmiiE of their new computer based point of sale 

aRjfiS SS This challenging ^irion would suit somr> 
Md ^,h S^Sewmanaging an integrated computer system 
SLuSJt mSCS«n 34) £ndX>CoukJ use his/her axotuumg skills to 
(pre ?^S .{Sr an organised and professional manner. 

Sate^ £ benefits 

Please appb * wntIfl * “* ^ white 

Financial Dtfector 
The Cteneral trading Company 
144 Soane Street 
London SW1X 9BL 

Director of 
Research Enterprises 


Up to c£25,000 

King’s CoSege London (KQC) is one of the largest 
Schools witnfo trie Ureversity of London. The Codege 
wishes to exploit stffl further its extensive research 
capaba&es, and intends to achteve this by tostering 
closer, more effective relationships with industry, 
commerce and other agencies concerned with the 
promotion and marketing of fartsfiectual material. 
The College is currently looking for an energetic and 
imaginative Director to lead this new thrust 
The Director of KCL Research Enterprises wffl be 
responsfole for formulating policy initiatives on ad 
aspects of technology transfer and for their 
fcnptenwntation; specific responstbditfes writ include - 
WiiaHy identifying and assessing exploitable potential, 
marketing, trajmg sources of finance and leading 
contract negotiations. 

Candkiates should have significant commercial 
experience of innovation management, strongly 
developed entrepreneurial instincts and a sound un- 
derstanding of the nature of the academic 

Starling salary tor this challenging post ttftJany 
tenable on a 3 year contract wdl be around £25.000 
per annum. 

For ful particulars, please contact the Secretary, 
London (KOC). Strand. London WC2R 
must be returned by 30th Aprs 




I G ti 


3 Sales representatives 20-30 years old 
Male or Female to sell and merchandise 
Bodum's contemporary ranges of Coffee 
and Tea makers, food preparation prod- 
ucts and gift fines to better quality retail 
outlets in the Midlands the North and 
South excluding London. As experience 
in selling is helpful but not essential but 
an understanding of modem design and 
fashion certainly is. A good salary, com- 
mission and a car are provided. 

Apply in writing to 

Jonathon Hudson -Eva ns 
Bodum (UK) Ltd 
7 Neal Street 


Management Accountant 

Administrative II to £15,700 
(to be increased from 1 April 1986) 

The University is placing Increased emphasis on the 
development of mange ment inform a t io n for its 
academic cost centres and for its com m ercial 
activities. We are therefore looking for an energetic 
qualified person to be our Management Accountant, 
who will develop new management information 
systems and undertake a wide range of important 
duties in the Finance Division, inducting the 
management of cash flow and investments. 

The University, situated above the attractive 

Canterbury, now has 4Q00 students, 
staff and has an annual income 

Informal discussions are welcomed 
Clayton, Financial Secretary, on 0227 

a attractive City of 
nts, employs 1500 
of £23 miffion. 

Mr. HA 

Application forms end further particulars wtU be sent 
upon receipt of a stamped addressed envelope (9° x 
654") by the Personnel Officer. The Registry. The 
University, Canterbury. Kent CT2 7NZ. Pltusa quote 
reference number A19/86 on the envelope. Hie 
dosing date tor the receipt of completed appScations 
s 30th AprS 1936, 

£ NEG C. London 

Hudson Shribman are a very successful 
consultancy in the competitive and 
stimulating accountancy recruitment 
market. Having recently moved to 
prestigious new offices we are now looking to 
expand our team of consultants. 

We currently seek self-motivated, 
ambitious communicators of graduate 
calibre, preferably with a recruitment/ 
accountancy background, for Trainee/Junior 
Consultant roles. Prospects are excellent 
and we offer an attractive profit sharing 
scheme in addition to an above average 
basic salary. 

Phone Simon Mallonl or Ann Cowell for an 
informal discussion. Tej:01 ^ 31 2323 

miMmm. shmsman 

Vernon Home. Sicilian Avenue. London WC1A2QH. 




Candidates are sought for the civilian post of: 
TRANSLATOR / REVISOR / (Frencb/En&lish) 

Nato grade LT-4 

at HQ. AFCENT Bnmssum 
The Netherlands 

Essentia] qualifications: University degree in languages or comparable 
training and several yean’ experience in translation work, preferably in 
the military field. Candidates will be required to take a written 
transistor and/or revisor test, depending on experience, and be 

Experience in military and/or military connected technical fields is 

Candidates should have English as mother tongue and thorough 
knowledge of French. Working knowledge of German and/or Dutch is 

Application forms are available from: 

The Cfvi&an Personnel Section. 

Headquarters AFCENT, 

BFPO 28, 
c/o GPO London. 

Applications should be received by the Civilian Personnel Section not 
later than 31 May 1986. 


Asa result of our continued growth we require several MANAGEMENT 
CONSULTANTS to maintain our development. 

Could you be one of them? 

You must be highly motivated wHh an appetite for achievement. Your 
successful track record will show that you are thoroughly experienced in 
the business to business area and capable of problem solving for small 
and medium sized companies, be they financial, commercial or 

You will receive comprehensive training and the badt-up necessary. A 
first-rate remuneration package commensurate with effort is 

If this is your sort of challenge and you are free for an IMMEDIATE 

*5 l 9 in°ur expanding teairi, please send wmpiete career cteials 




| Bank on 
| Success 

= £25K basic £40KOTE 

= Our clients prestigious systems are used 

~ worldwide by International Banks and 
Es-j Brokers alike with a range that covers 

=s= Foreign Exchange, EuroaeposHs, 

~ Commodity Services and much more. 

ss Continued growth has created an 

opportunity in their Financial Systems 
= group, the emphasis is placed on a 

35 thorough understanding of Banking ond 

— Dealing Rooms together with a strong 

= sales awareness. A systems background 

saz would be an asset, although technical 
~ support is given. Ref: LP34 



£19K basic E32KOTE 

This leading Software Systems House 
with offices throughout Europe, USA 
and the Middle East hove recently 
acquired a powerful EPOS System 
with rights to sell across the UK and 

The product promises to be a market 
leader, so if you have a background of 
Software, Bonking or Point-of-Sale 
Systems you are needed urgently for this 
exciting opportunity with big company 
backing. Ref: 612 

Phone Lori Pbtter now, quoting fheappropcicrte reference number to learn more. 

Executive Employment Ltd., Forum House, 1-6 Millmead, 
Staines, Middx. Tel: Staines (0784) 63615. 

Product Manager 
Networking £19 - £23K + Car 

A senior position exists for a marketing professional within the networking marketplace. 
You will utilise classical product marketing skills and develop your market/busmess 
management flair as responsibility for commercial awareness across a number of areas 
increases. A demonstrable ability to plan and support activity in vertical market sectors 
is crucial as is the degree of market knowledge necessary to liaise closely with R&D 
sales/support staff. The company is committed to expanding its product range within 
the O/A arena and the position carries a high degree of decision making and visibility. 

Senior Marketing Executive 
Communications to £15K + Car 

Responsible for the day to day running of the department you will report to the 
marketing manager on the implementation of the marketing plan. This wiB include 
working on exhibitions/seminars, advertising, direct mail, research and corporate 
promotion. Thp role is project orientated but you will also have a very real input into 
strategic decision making, ideally you will be a graduate with proven marketing 
experience within a computer environment and 
have some knowledge of dealer networks. 

For further details 
please contact 

T opQlH Tt*&f TS 

i contact — . alrtLOfit^ 

Matchan. *| fcGl 7 ^ 


Excellent starting salary 
ie subsidy and 

Brighton Based 

Our client g the systems 
based subsidiary of a major 
American financial organisation. 
The Managing Director now 
wishes to recruit a Secretary/PA. 

The ideal candidate will 
obviously be smart and wdl 
presented, wfl be used to dealing 
with people at all levels and will 
enjoy the pressures generated in 
a fast moving international 
company Trie Managing Director 
has a very enliqhtened vie w of 
management and tlie working 

environment wffl be very 

If you are experienced at 
this level, know how *big" 
international companies work, are 
looking for an interesting ch3Wenqe. 
and believe that inmanve is part dr 
your personality - then we 
would like to hear from you 
Advance Recrurtment Services. 

49 The Martlet 
Cmcs Wav. Burqess HU. 

Ufest Sussex RH1S9NW 
Tel- Burgess Hil (044 46) 6030 



Professional Guidance and 
Assessment for all ages. 

15-24yrs Cmihs. Cat ten 
25-34 yis. Predicts. CInages 
35-54 fis RniwMCvcn 
Full details in treebrodwre:- 


••• OJ-935545.’(?ahr»> 



Via flas Runet hi • i0«8 Toro (tol*) 


Boa r droom ■London's mod 
insular controlled cirrxiia 
Hon maqaanci urgently 
advrrtnUKj sales 

T«t M UU. 
Pei. MB 




The British Olympic Association seeks applications for 
the post of General Secretary. 

Applicants should possess a good knowledge of sport, 
have strong administrative background and good 
communicative skills. 

The successful applicant will act as Chief Executive 
Officer of the Association and should be prepared to 
travel and accept unsociable hours of work. 

The starting salary is negotiable. The appointment will 
take place as soon as possible. 

Application forms obtainable from 
British Olympic Association, 

1 Wandsworth Plain, London SW18 1EH. 


City lusnl WiMoyiMiil cornul- 
Lancy reduirr, -wurtly 
mwiURl pn-son. educated to 
• v te»*l standard lo pros w* ad- 
nnnnirauir back-up lo small 
lustily provisional team V-cre 
Lanai Hulls an adsanlaor vou 
mu9l ter pcruiM lo wort lo 
Oeadliites and nas, in. confi 
Qukt to rocnmunicate witn a 
wide range of di«ns. Our 
anaiusjuon offers an anrartii' 
salary, good condition and too 
satmoriKm Ring Mark Cairns 
ai Accountancy Aid, on Ol -638 


ecs require voting, amoiuou* 
and dynamic ncoolustoi lor las 
MWWlirq Company Good 
prosoccu and iuiutf partner- 
ship lor Ute nqni Person 

Tcirjintmr Burtera A Co Ol- 
«j29 2S«o 


An Hour Dealers See* inlHJigenl 
OcesentaMe i»?|] spoken A ay 
nairw 18-22 year old as trainee 
Sales Cen-rai Assistant Dni 
ing Licence essential - Phone 
Ol 2o7 2767 

SCMOP CWMDS required lo 
work on ramowles in Fra ore 
Unpuw and ewrienre neces- 
sary For more miormalion 
dvse say Palmer O30o 

mq sales people earn Cl VO 
C5RO pur Londoners call Jane 
Durkin on 01 831 1131 


Sales Director required to consolidate and further develop an already 
expanding Gty of London Travel Agency operation. The position provides an 
interesting challenge to anyone willing to Capitalise on a strong, existing 
client base and a computerised office environment. 

The successful applicant must have a proven track record, be numerate and 
self motivated. 

This is a senior position and the remuneration is reflected in the substantial 
financial package on offer. 

Please reply m the strictest confidence to the Managing Director, BOX A63, 
The tunes, Virginia Street, London El. 

tLambrUu re- 
quire wovkdcpw wiin 
evpenencr « comcuimsM ac- 
count, up lo Trial Balance. 
Ftembte oul^oinq omanalilv * 
mo a lyDrna s aur* >o L 12 000 

Rum Ol J « 8824 judy 
Farqunanon Lid iBer Cnmi 
47 New Bond Slr«l. v* 1 

depenuml v»iih pari or full lime 
owonuji.lj in l hr- laekl Ol fir:* 
imi psicnwooi and 
mdnawmem skills. krqa Larnil 
Yd 01 937 3752 


numum M«i la Inal CuUmv*. 
PAVE. A AT Hr Call Jack 
Durkin Ol BSI 1 131 

CV« lor PTMevannals by profit. 
?apfiab CV Pluv “O London 
Read. Salisbury. Vcltts 0722 
21 595 


•yurrti P<« Seri ices 
Bn-hlMRKlnl 100427) 72209 

CITS prmessionaili wniiiu 
Choree of atyte l»a ««•- 
Td PMte Oh 02406 M67 

IntcrExec is Reorganisation special' 
ising in the confidential promotion of 
Senior Executives. 

IntecExec clients do not need to find 
vacancies or apply for appointments. 

InterExec’s qualified specialist staff; 
and access to over 100 unadvertised 
vacancies per week, enable new appoint- 
ments at senior levels to be achieved 
rapidly, effectively and confidentially. 

For a mutually exploratory meeting telephone: 

London ® 01-930 5041ft 

19 Charing Cross Road. WQ 

Birmingham ® 021-632 5648 

The Rotunda, Nw Street 

Bristol ® 0272 277315 

> 30 Baldwin Stmt 

Edinburgh ® 031-226 5680 

47a Gemgr Stmt 

Leeds ® 0532 450243 


Manchester @061-2368409 

Faulkner House, Faulkner Street 

The one who stands oat. 

;— £ v. v ■- ' “ ^ ' ' 






NT GRADE IX. SALARY £13,880 pa - £15,699 pa 



The Commission is strengthening further its 
promotion function, and this post wfli provide 
professional assistance to the Director in the 
promotion rote of making purchasers and inves- 
tors fully aware of the Commission's estate, and 
of marketing and pursuing investment and job 
creation opportunities from ao possible sources 
and location. 

Applications are Invited from Chartered Survey- 
ors or other suitably professionally quaflfifed 
poepte who can demonstr a te appropriate expe- 
rience of the industrial and commercial market 
property devetoOment and investment Knowl- 
edge of regional grant policy and other financial 
assistance avaialbta would be an advantage. 
The post is based at the Commission's 
prestigaous promotion offices at Metro House. 
St James's Street. SW1: some travettna within 
the UK and overseas is anticipated and the post 
carries essential car user status. 

The appointment is permanent and 
superannuate, and contfitions of service in- 
clude £1.50 Luncheon Vouchers daily. Accident 
and Life Assurance, interest free season ticket 
loans. Relocation expenses will be given where 

Further details and application forms available 
from and to be returned to: 

Director if Finance, Administrative and Legal Services 
Commission for the New Towns 
Glen House, Stag Place. 

London SW1E 5AJ. 

Tel: 01-828 7722 Ext 319 between 9.00am & 4.30pm. 
Closing Date: 28th April 1988. 


within 2 years your income should exceed £20,680 

Fouowtna 4 *ucm»ful Itertod of cfc>i«to0«n*nL Schroder* PLC 
mrouqTi m«r subsadury Scnrwter Financial Mmaynanv- ar* ex- 
panding then- team of linanoal consul lams m 1986. 

Since consultants ol Srtnrodrrs has bren a synonymous «*1lh str- 
ife* and mnosanon tnauiBtrang standards of usually and 
profr-s-oonaltsm wiucn lute placed (hr Scnroocr group af uit lore- 
iron! of Financial manaqtnteni. wiiton int U ruled Kingdom 
Srluodfis majoc suteudiarws include J Henry Schroder waga A Co 
LJd. one of Use city's moa httsy resoecled meniuni pansmg 
organisations, uiiaieser use requirement either mdisMuaH. put- 
nershun and pmale conn nan k-v irom Ufe assurance and pension 
planning lo L'niled Kingdom and offshore ktirsuneni management, 
^enrouer linanrial manaaeraem Drasxjn on Integrated and com- 
prefiensise raogr of llnancsal sen. ices wtuch fully reflects the 
Sr nr Oder iraomon of ecrHIenre 

The ideal apobcanl will beaded 28 lo 5S with et Hence of prevtous 
career mkctb. ir you would like the idea at wnug a successful 
new tenrure with a well i-sUMtshed company, for further detaiA 
please contact Alan Moss. 

01-882 8585 

Mortgage Inspectors. 

Provident Life needs you. 

The pioneers of endowment mortgages urgently 
need more inspectors to join their sales team in this area 

The Qualifications 

Successful applicants will have some knowledge 
of the mortgage market and also the ability to develop 
mortgage business alongside our new portfolio of 
savings and pension plans. 


Working with the ‘Pius Factors? we build into our 
policies, the rewards include a basic salary 
commission, company car, bonuses and a preferential 
mortgage schema 

If that’s a challenge that appeals to you, dial 100 
and ask for Freephone Bishopsgate, or write to Alan 
Gearing for our sales career information pack. 

Provident Life Association Limited, Provident Way 
Basingstoke, Hampshire. RG21 2SZ 
Tel No: 0256 470707. _ 

Jobs with a £jk factor 

provident life 


Business Systems Manager 

West London 

The Company, a UK subsidiary 
of a leading LIS Group 
manufacturing and selling mini, 
micro and desk top computers 
internationally, is seeking a key 
individual for its Management 
Information Systems Division. 

Reporting directly to the head 
of MIS, you will be responsible for 
an experienced team developing 
major systems related to the 
marketing and sales function. 

In this respect you will need 


To £25,000 l Car 

previous experience in the develop- 
ment of major systems, coupled with 
the ability to motivate staff under 
your control and communicate 
effectively with users at all levels. 

If you are iookingfi^a move to 
a company where your drive and 
energy will be rewarded both in 
terms of remuneration and future - 
advancement, then please . 

telephone Brian Burgess for a 
preliminary discussion on ' 

01-499 7761 (Office) orOl-541 4764 
(Evenings), quoting Refi BB072* _ ' 

r LUovg 


5555551 Assoc* 


Search and Selection 

n 160 New Bond Scnevt London WJYOHR 
VU I - telephone OI-40S 1670 












Tutor in 

alCOlJJ Information 

The Central Office of Information - the 
British Government's publicity organisation - 
has a vacancy for an Information Officer, 
based in London SEl. 

The successful candidate will join the 
department’s Information Studies Unit to 
plan, manage and act as tutor for a wide range 
of training courses for publicity officials of 
overseas governments, UJC. Information staff 
and Diplomatic Service Officers. 

He/she must have experience in one or more 
communication drills: journalism, publication 
production, public relations, etc^ and media 
experience overseas (where some of the 
courses are held) would be an advantage. 
Candidates, effective organisers able to plan 
well ahead, should be able to convey their 
expertise to a wide variety of course members 
of varying backgrounds and nat ion al itie s. 
Starting salary will be within the range of 
£10,261 - £12,630 (inclusive of Inner London 
Weighting) per annum according to 
experience and qualifications. The past 
carries 22 days annual leave and promotion 
prospects. Please send a postcard to F G 
Holohan, Central Office Of Information. HR 
827, Hercules Road, London SEl 7DU. 
quoting Competition Number 308/NTC/86. 
The dosing date for returned forms is 25 
April 1986. 

The CM Service Is a Equal OppartmUes Em plo ye r. 




£22,422 to £24,093 

Gordon District Pas to the north and west of Aberdmn and 
a predominantly nnlwim a rich agricultural traettion. Hie 
Dtstnct Council includes three market towns with the 
District Headquarters at Inverurie. Dta District has played 
an import a nt role in meeting the needs ol QO-raMed 
developments. As a result its mOgenous population ol 
45,000 has been augmented by 25,000 over the pest 50 
years. The District has managed nererthetass to retain Us 
character and provides exoefiant educational fadMes, 
•enure opportunities - a good place to fre and work. 
A pp lic at io ns are invited from candidates who can 
demonstrate a prawn record of achievements! leadership 
and communcatian skBs. Applicants may be from local 
government, other public services, or from the private 

The suocassfti eppfcant shaH be the head of the Councffs 
paid senrice and leader of the Management Team, with the 

ab»ty to implement and achieve the Councfl’s objectives. 
A ssistance may be given with removal expenses. 
Fulher information as to the relevant terms end 
conditions of appointment and service may be obtained 
from the Chief Executive. Gordon District Counci, Gordon 
House. BteckhaB Road. Inverurie. Aberdeenshire, AB5 
GWA, (Tel. No. Inverurie (0*07) 20381 Ext 200. 
Applications si writing in an envelope marked ‘Post ol 
Chief Executive’ giwig delate of age. quaWtaabons, expe- 
nence and present appointment and salary, together with 
the names and acklresses of two referees should be 
addressed to CotmoBor James a PresJy, Chairman of the 
District Gouncti, at the aforementioned address to be 
received on or be lore Friday 9«h May 1986. 

CmOem District CmmcU a an eqtmlo pp ortMMities emp l oye r. 


Are you earning £20,000 - £100,000 p.a. and 
seeking a new job? 

Connaught has probably helped rpore execu- 
tives to find new appointments through itssuc- 
cessfu! executive marketing programme than 
any other organisation. 

Contact us for a free confidential fee assess- 
ment meeting. If you are currently abroad, ask 
for our Expat Executive Services. 

Telephone: 01-734 3879 (24 hours) 


32 Sav3e Row, London, W1 
■The Executive Job Search Professionals! 


Kinetics International are a young proftattmal 
company manufacturing and selling high tech rurnAm. 
They require an enttiuuaflac technically exuertenced 
nies person to promote their dealer desk system to Die 
City. DTE £20* + car. 

Written apoUcabons tor 

Mr P J MitcbeU, Managing Director, 
Kinetics International Ltd, Sphere Estate, 
CraapfieM Read, St Albans, Herts, AU SIT. 



A tuotily numerate graduate a sought for a qpodaltsed 
ixraiion wiui a major City dealm9 company imolving 
documentary research and creative decision maWnfl A 
City background is not essential but Uw ability to com- 
bine ngorour jnieiterfuaJ dlscisiloe tvJfh ima^bianvp 
Unnkinq ts a necessary quallly. as B the seU-moUvallon 
of an indppendenl iuiimL Salary is enUreiy ncoottable. 

Please CV lo Martin Whitlock. Smith Bros Pic. 3rd Floor. 
Chetwynd House. St. Svntnun'* Lane. London EC4N 


Young person with approx 1-2 years 
audio/copy typing exp. with some knowledge 
of WP. Lois of telephone work plus other 
varied and interesting duties for this friendly 
property company. 

Salary c £8,000 

Ring Maria at RPL on 01-588 
6722 Rec Cons 


If you live in central London here is a way to earn kns 
of monel - vou choose when and how much. Wc want 
you io arrange small panics of your own and our con- 
tacts to explain and demonstrate by video our 
revolutionary method of home supermarket shopping. 
There's almori no selling as the service sells itself and 
anyway is offered on a free trial. Well provide you wiih 
all you need, including an attractive expense and bonus 
package. Sian now by phoning 01-225 1535 for more 


Busy rtenuewal mess office rewires wt tfflie fntaec ssarfant 

Rom Fmti ant Saman esseml. Sgote> Swwh ussM. tete» » 
uiduda nnwawmanbuton of mss itiessas. wfrttw aM tee- 
snare conaa vmti rerrasond press. typng/WP cwn 
caiesunoence. tetslfy twnwmgs pv wek ID vn. a 1.00 pro. 

Ras tflOO pji. 

Wnu wnb CV. fHo felephgne raflsi hr 

Attn Mrs H Jamieson 

Jamieson Intamabonai Press Servk»s 

15 essex Street 

London WC2R 3AA 


Needed for City and Ccnrent Car den 
Specialist Delicatessen 
And Grocers Shops 

Managerial and selling experience, a definite 
interest in food and the ability to deal with 
people are essential The applicants must have 
a positive and rigorous approach to expanding 
a business within a fast-growing company. 

01-627 2770 
For details 

fast expanding 


need help in the Sales department where we 
have a backlog of over 1000 serious enquiries to 
be dean with. Our customers all come to us, no 
outside demonstration is necessary, no hard sell- 
mg required. All we ask is an ability to learn 
about our products and communicate with our 
chents. Ideal candidates should be 22-35 to work 
slaff 10 modem office in Wi l. 
Excellent career prospects and opportunities for 
world m veL Good base + qi Se!ty 

Cwrta d Taylor 01-221 4121 





:-*=•/ i-Wv* ^ « 


••'rr.. p, 

. ^i/DW^^pteaR^ ■ 

tree ““onwwdaoon and other benefits. lirintedptamotion 

prospccaco posts with salaries up to £12,630. ■ ■ ' 

b y 9 1986) write to Qvfl Service Commission, *lfyw ■ . 

lttp6J 468551 (answering senrke opexates outside office hoars). 
Please qnotereE G/6846. , . _ . - T , ; . 

The<jvaSegvice a am eqnri opport unity employer :. 

of Defence 

New Technology Consultant 
in Print and Publishing 

fira - the UK rational research centra forpiW^ pubUshing 
seeks a consultant -with experience In one or more of the 
tottering areas: text processing, ttamaso^^fcafSons of 

6 JlilS? l to 3 y ^MZ!lw ! ^ ^ ^ , fctf 0f ma tion nehyori d ng, offce-oMhe- 

The successful applicant will pfobaWyhaye a science or 
eomputlng degree and not less lhan five tears MSws^nd work 
experience. Pra to r ra d age range 2 & 35 >Saiary and terms by 
negotiation. .j- 

Send CV In confidence to llficiiael Hmcock, Dhector, Piteftm 
and I nf orm a t ion Technology Dr.tirion.Efra, Rand&Ai Road, 
Le atheth ead,- Sroy, KT227IIUL, 


Randafe Road. Laatiwfcaad. Sttray KT22 7RUL. England 
Telephone: Uafiurhead flBJ3 37&61 Telex: SBetlT 

• ; Programming Diyfeioa- , . . 

4 1 : You wffll-bQ kbte. to demonstrate eijher as ur x^fulsates 

• ' record, k&^wfthinContractRecruitrnent— or possess 
* thedriveandabB^neoessaryJO succeed in fids highly 

cornpetitivS market place. - . . . . 

- Jf you are aged between 25-35 and have #res*qfis and 
. errthuatesmtosucoeedl in our business, contact me^ • : - 
' Lynne immediately 

- 01-9486922 • . 

J KPGOffice Hours 



GwiH ypeilwiddwiacd ygort af o 

Are row JodbefMnts of people aoi tfceu pfcmgwemSy sawP Goa you wntt 

_______ you write 

—J Are you a 

n sympathy with, the Society of frkad*? Areyovnond 

aWly _ 

member of, or 

jfi o r a w? j", . 

ffytw -eon answer on femes* W *> <* *■« 

. ■ *p3B.-awcs b£SSSS£5 

. tonfce; with Hock grouper » «*ygtron; 

tfrd corp o ra te & aweiof respowatBly - » « ”"8* * w pe nen c e «m»rr pe 

on fee Uawesty L*cfc***' -?• . £1 ^ 7 ? 0 

g point owl wage acorn** toogefoxpeneace; , . . ; 

we more mfawtotion, writcomrto * 
JRCT, feverfcy Hew* Staptea Road, YoA, *»<■*_ 

<>^0 dote far receipt <rf up pfcpfo "* ttMo * «•*- ; 

Fascinate \bu? 

Secretary feKnigjtebridge 

. EA Management Coosuftano,a major . 
intmrammafcaimiltaiicy providing wide- 

- napnpaarwicciapiBiihineriobN oegaaneri om, 

: » kxfaogfar an experienced seaeony to join, its 
WpsndtagFiDsncesecaioa. 7 

Yon wfllte looking after the finance and 
A dnuni s u ^tkm learn, with cweraS r r spotai ta iEly 
fecrtic adrormsrration of the Diviskm, 
prodneing weekly /monthly firamo el reports. . 

_ This newly-croated poa offers the freedom 
ttfdCTdop ^OT Dwn fohrines and systems, and 

mterett-in^^SaHpaners end a fu^^Bor 
figure work. 

Aged 25-40, you must be an excdkru tvpist; 
WP aqpcricDce is p re ferre d bin tnonrng wul be 

Salary is geared to age and experience and 
.benefits mdnde £l-a-dayLVs and interest free 
season-ticket loan. 

Pteasosend full cr,ind a ding sala ry detafls, 

. to Sarah Wilson, ftnonnd Manager, 

~I& -Management Consul t ants, Bowater House 
East, 68 'Koighisbridge, London SW1X 7LJ. 


The Hockey Association (HA) 
The National Governing Body of 
Male Hockey in England is based 
in London and is seeking a Senior 
Executive to replace the present 
incumbent who is to retire at the 
end -of .the year. . 

Applicants ideally under 50 years 
of age must have a proven trade 
record in Commerce & Adminis- 
tration and so be able to maximise 
on the Promotion and Commer- 
cial aspects . of . the T game •' at 
National leveL The ability to com- 
municate, with and motivate 
people is essential together with 
the enthusiam and drive to make a 
significant contribution to the de- 
velopment of the game 

In return we are offering an at- 
tractive package of salary and 
employee, benefits commensurate 
with age; and experience, 
ffyou fed you can meet the ctod-~ 
lenge please ask for an application 
form and job discription from 
Debbie Smith • 

The Hockey Association 
iffr Upper. Woburn Place 
London WC1H OQD 

Telephone 01-387 9315. 

Completed andicatiom must be re- 
turned by 30 April 1986. : 


Cpmpuvoic Personnel Sendees ore a 
highly' respected cmd long established 
Computer Rocruifment Consultancy. 

• Due to owr continued growth and 
success we are seeking two exrepfiond 

- The successful candidates wiU probably 
be. of Graduate sta ndar d, have a tme 
desire to succeed and a genuine interest in 
the c o mp u ter industry- Personal qualities 
more imp ortan t lhan experience. They 
wffl find high stan d ar ds of achievement, a 
demanefingbutbifannd environment and a 
reworeferg comer. 

" ; For farther deta3s phone Martin^ Bony 
on 01-253 5042 or send a CV. for his 
a ttenfto n . 

TafephbM 01-253 5042 - _ . 




' ? mwtjTff-** ' 

£30,600 + overtime 

tsqpaienredwortdngtoabusyfHores^onalBmnvuneni - 
mould prove^ usefUl as theposaion is a demanding one. 
Voo,shouidb^anaiuralaxnmunicaior, havecheabiIit>-ro 
1 .Jlaiseatfanlorleedjnd possess a raaJlyflexible approach 
'<• loworic'""'- . 

.V Weare-»JdngagreaideaI,bw Inrenim foryour skills we can 
1 bffisryouawdl : p^d,challenglngcareerasa\’ltarmemberof 
ihe team, together wtth the opponunin'io train imhe laical 
‘ I' ciffioetechnotosy. :■ • - - 

” • ^thwtdqjhonenumbo-) w: ^ 

j^ftBerinesw, ARTHUR 


•; ISurm- Street, • ■ * ^ 






35 Mew Broad Street, London EC2IV1 1 MH 
Tel: 0 1 -588 3533 orOI -5SS 3576 
Telex Mo. 8B7374 Fax Mo. 01-633 3216 

E aceB e n t career prospects within the UJC and worldwide offices 


NEW YORK, HONG KONG, LONDON £16,000-£30,000 + BONUS 


LEADING international rrm of actuaries and consultants 

As a result of continued expansion, our efients have a number of openings for recently qualified or newly-quaBfied Actuaries, 
In their 20's, for the following offices: NEW YORK, HONG KONG AND LONDON. One London-based appointment is fora 
Computer Speciaist Consuttant Appficants should have had at least 4 years' practical actuarial experience fo a consulting 
ftm of a ctuarie s, and employee benefits consuftancy or the pensions department of an Insurance company, with experience 
of computerised tysterns. The successful candidates wB work as a key member of a team, with early direct client 
responsfoffltyfor employee benefits design, actuarial valuations, computerised systems development and consuttancy work 
covering a wide range of services lor midft-na&ongl, public and privately-owned companies. Important personal qualities ' 
inefode a positive, commercial attitude, the ab®ty to Caise effectively with a wide international efient base and the enthusiasm 
to contribute to our dents' continued expansion and development Initial salary negotiable In the range of £1 6.000-E30.000 
+ bonus (aooonfing to experience and location), contrfoutory pension and free fife assurance, free BUPA, + additional 
benrfts awadable tor overseas locations. AppBcations, ta strict contktence, stating your preferred location, under reference 
AC 441QnT, to the Mana^ng Director 

‘Greonflebf opportunity for securttyspedaOsttocontrol and co-orePnate premises, equipment aid personal security. 


LONDON SW1 £20,000— £27,000 + CAR 


We Invite appBcafions from cancfidates, aged 35 plus, who must have had at least 5 years' physlcaWaciBty security 
experience including several years at management level in a stfostantiai corporate headquarters operation; earfer career 
beckgromd is likely to have been to the sewrees. A knowledge of the latest security and surveillance systems wffl bean 
added advantage. The selected appfcarrt who wffl report to the General Services Manager, will be totafly responsible for the 

setting up arta successful tanning of the vitaBy important physical security functions for the- Bank in London and in other 
European locations as they develop. Essential qualities are: welt developed man-managem8nt and motivational skills, 
inffiafive, invesfigatory and administrative attributes as well as being able to communicate effectively at all levels in a 
muRicu&ural environment Initial salary negotiable £20.000-£27,000. company car plus generous banking benefits. 
AppEc&tions in strict confidence wider reference HS441 1/TT, to the Managing Director 

35 «W B8QU STBST, UMDOi EC2M 1M. TBEPHOE: 01-6883588 or B1488357IL THBt 887374 FAX: 01-638 9216. 

muMuniMs RsoaBOG usshuke or rbwiiiemt pieasetrh>««:oi-€287539. 


Many of us are so involved with the JobsweYe doing and 
the responsjbflities we have that we seldom stop to wonder 
whetherwe are maktogfull use of our potentiaL 

We areworiting because we have to— we have 
mortgages to past families to support rates, gas, electricity 
and tneTist goes onJhese are not so much excuses as 
facts of ife. 

Another fact is that most of us have a nagging doubt 
that we could be doing better but we just dorrt know what 
to do about it. 

Chusid Lander has changed all that 

We are a groi^) of spedafist career consultants whose 
sole function is to guide executives and professional - 
people and help them achieve their individual objectives. 

We guarantee that we will commit our time and effort 
until you are satisfied that your career objectores have 
been realised 

Forthirty years we have been striving for the best 
Now it’s yourtum! 

Telephone us to arrange a confidential personal 
assessment without obligation, or write to 
The Administrator Ref A/iyi 35/37 Rtzroy Street, 

London W1P 5AF— enclosing a brief career summaiy. 

LONDON 01-5806771 MANCHESTER 061-2280083 
BIRMINGHAM 021-6438102 NOTTINGHAM 094937911 
BRISTOL 027222367 GLASGOW 041*3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 


A Chaagrof Career 

A Arm commitment to de- 
velop your career. Thai’s 
what Alied Dunbar Is ar- 
rentiy offering to men and 
women who are aqu&fly 
committed to success, 
last year alone «s spent 
over £3 mafion on training 
p rogramme s tor our 
sales Associates (25-55) 
and many of them want 
on to reap the rewards. 
For an interview or future 
Petals cal Peter Rich- 
Vtfs on Of -637 7200 
London and home 



VUirn Tsafor anker of 
financial services. If you 
are aged 2S+ and conaner- 
aaliy experienced, our 
egtdiBtve train &>9 could 
mould you into a respected 
professiextaf commanding 
oaatandtDO eaniUMS. 
Structured promotions 
based on results will 
groom you for managerial 
rerma w MBy. Ambitious 
IndfvMuals or integrity and 
wit shotSd contact: David 

fainnMI on 

01-493 4043. 

Sales PnmotiOB Agency 
seeks international 
Armwt Director to 
evuf and develop its 
Section of (be 

A ppticantt, nbo sfcqald h ave 
U>nridfrrt)lc piwn encc to 
the nartei wiS be iespoa»- 
bie for new accoonB 
aDoeaied and for p memr i ai 
new butines. 

Salary £25,600 + 
ear + banns 

Reply to P O Bax Ail, 
The Times. PO Box 484. 
Virginia St, London EL 


reeponglM g and mature 
porter rewired for proper- 
ly company to swi. 
Single luxury 

accomodation wftii every 
comfort. ExctflMU refer- 
ences res to red. 

01-235 1961 

Chief Inspector 

Ere Service Inspectorate 


The Chief Inspector of lire Services (based in London) is i 
professional adviser to the Home Office on Fire Service matters and is 
responsible for advice on all operational, technical and preventive aspects 
of the fire Service in England and Wales, overseeing the fire Service 
Inspectorate's function and helping fire authorities to provide adequate and 
economically efficient protection. Hie work also involves lecturing, close 
liaison with the Fire Service College, committee work, and enquiries 
conducted under the Rre Services Acts. 

Candidates most have wide practical fire service experience in the UK 
(preferably at Chief Officer level) with a thorough knowledge of fire fighting 
techniques, design and development of appliances and equipment and the 
organisation and operational procedures of fire authority brigades. 

Relocation expenses up to a maximum of £5000 may be payable. 

R>r further details and an application form (to be returned by 1 May 1986) write 
to Civil Service Commission, Alencon Link, Basingstoke, Hants RG21 1JB, 

or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 46S551 (answering 
service operates outside office hours). 

Please quote refe G/6839. 

The Civil Service is an equal opportunity 





Numerate graduate, late twenties with 
previous experience of direct selling of 
high value services, preferably on a sub- 
scription basis, required to join expand- 
ing team in an exciting new publishing 

Handwritten replies and full CV to: 

Angela Mackworth- Young 
Personnel Manager 
The Economist 
25 St James’s Street 
London SWI A 1HG 


B«C NO. — 

C/o Times 
P.O.. Box 484 

Virginia Street 

El 9DD 

£25,000 + pa 

ComhflJ Publications would tike to talk to articu- 
late, positive co mm u n ica t ors capable of working 
on a range of prestige publications from our 
Covent Garden office. 

CaH David Conway or Ben Cracker on 
01-240 1515 


of coanwOc and restorative denial product! aet l a dynamic 
IndivMm wife proven record of wam to establish our 
sales /martcaUno aparatfoo to UK. Soccesvui ondnian 
wflt.b* knowledgeable in the dental AeW and wni be guaU- 
Bed to tune fntare General management imp oMtotoDts 
Send resume « salny history to BOX F04. 
us 'Management *41 arrive to interview io/is/4 in Lon- 

Please tndlcaie where, 'wteen you can be reached so 16/4. 



The authority is looking to appoint to tee remain- 
ing two of tee three Unit General Manager posts 
in an active District which serves a population of 
314,000 write a revenue of £56 mifflon. 

Successful applicants wffl be managers of the 
highest caSbre able to butt! on the strengths of 
tee District, emphasising the importance of the 
tasks orientated approach, personal accountabil- 
ity and devolution to a high degree of executive 

uu . aapafeds San 52*r Ragt 

cm dm Mm raw whom un 

MtoMUMI Ella 230 950 *18313 - £2013 

mar. CHmnr. Mato Mods s 

MM HaadaelM (Camog Cm Imj eiBm 748 IBM E3J5C - (2GM5 

Appo in tments wffl be made tor an initial fixed term of 3 
years, renewable by mutual agreement Salary will be 
determined based upon experience and background of 
candidates. Clinicians appointed will be remunerated in 
accordance wife HC185» and may wish to combine du- 
ties with continuing ctindal commitment s . Asssitance 
with cert ain aspects of relocation expenses may be 

Application form and fob description from Per- 
sonnel Officer, Coventry Health Authority, 
Chri s tchurch House, Greyfrtars Lane, Coventry 
CV1 2GQ Telephone 0203 555311, ext 202. 
Closing date 28 April 1986. 


A dynamic children’s adventure company 
needs self-motivated and capable managers 
and assistant manager * for a large number of 
centres in France. An ability to speak French, 
administra tive and . leadership qualities are 

Please apply Roth KemeyL Tops Holidays. 
Old Gloucester Road, Ross On Wje, Here- 
fordshire, HR9 5PL Tel: 0989 65666. 

1 . 

£17,000 neg. 

A highly successful international organisation currently has an opening for a young 
graduate ACA for its Trade Finance Division. 

The position is high profile, involving profitability analysis and management report* 
ing. The successful candidate must De capable of presenting at senior level and 
working on his/her own initiative. 

The requirement is for a high-flier making their first move into commerce. Career 
prospects within this diverse group are excellent. 


A senior position exists within this major computer manufacturer with a £*[ n ? ve J7 n 
excess of £140 million. Working in a team, you will assume responsibility for me 
budgetary cycle of one of the business operating units, and will take control ot 
financial planning to increase profitability and growth within new product areas. 
To be considered you will possess a Financial qualification, strong analytical skills, 
and commercial awareness. This excellent salary is supported by a wide ranging 
benefits plan including a company car. 

Please call Fiona Croll or 
Kathryn Rice on 629 7262 

Id WJ U IT— ■•-■S' ~Si 

to £30,000 + car EC 4 

If you are a qualified, graduate accoun- 
tant (28-33), a notable achiever with an 
aptitude for systems development, 
then management consultancy affords 
you the chance to extend your skills 
within an entrepreneurial environment 
Ref: SW0031 

to £20,000 + Bank Benefits 

EC 2 

An ideal commencing point for a gradu- 
ate ACA to start a career in Merchant 
Banking, working in a high profile. in- 
ternationally prominent organisation in 
Eurobond issues. Ref: RS0018. 

025,000 + Benefits EC2 

An international merchant bank seeks 
a graduate ACA (aged 28-32) with bank 
experience to assist with the develop- 
ment of new systems in anticipation of 
deregulation. A prestigious opportunity 
offering career progression. Ref: 

to £ 18,000 ECl 

A Head Office role providing a wide 
range of corporate planning and bud- 
geting tasks. A recently qualified 
accountant will gain a valuable over- 
view of this highly diversified 
international trading group. Reh 

Management Personnel 

10 Fnsbwy Square, London EC2A 1 AO 
felephoo&OI 2565041 (out of touts 01 fflB 27831 


LCG HfljgJMff ^ * I - 
ConfefaDUt MMRX H nn o n t r A iiwrn-r- 

management ACCOUirrwt n 

Location: SUSS0C 1 c£M,006 P-*-; 

A young. J*™*g»*' 535SS? 


loader hi its field. . 

You wffl probably be * 

fnaiaoemsct accounting yy w j eB ^r_ t "!!!g; 

marketing strategy, product dowtofwwm ana new. 
product launches. - 

Renowned tor its careor dm* 

die company's benefits. match. file nign cafflra or- 

**»«**»*■ mwmi; 


£15,000 -£35,000 

Several or our clients, ail top 
International Banks, are looking for 
qualified accountants with varying 
levels of experience, i he types 'of 
positions available all offer good 
opportunities to develop your career 
within the City. 

To discuss these vacancies, call 
Tom Kerrigan on 01 -533 ^303 or 
write with full curriculum vitae to 
Tom Kerrigan Associates Limited. 

20 Wormwood Street, Bishopsgate. 
London EC2M IRQ. 




Full time accountant required by a successful and 
growing Wf chemical manufacturing and trading 
organisation. Only highly motivated and energetic 
applicants need apply. Both manual and computerised 
systems are in operation. We otter a competitive 
salary and a challenging future. Apply in writing to:- 
PareonneJ Manager 
84 Eskdale Avenue 


The surrcsHul candidate will hold the senior finance 
position in a private trading company with a turnover of 
£50 mil lien. The company Is engaged in International 
trade and fas l expanding. The Financial Controller will 
report dir«;jy io :he Managing CTree lor and be responsi- 
ble tor all a&pecis of accounting, financial planning, slock 
control and cash flow management ai file London head 
oifice and several overseas branches, 
fn addition he win nave administrative responsibilities 
and will form pari of a small dynamic management 
lyjjn Salary + £20.000 

Apply in confidence with full CV: I DC Ltd. 88 Hatton 
Garden, London ECl. auriwd with reference JVL 

Manager to Computer Audit 
to £22K 

A superb appointment with a large City Inter- 
national professional organisation. Involves 
management and control. CAD work with di- 
rect responsibility to own clients. Preferably 
(not essential) ACA with experience of inter- 
nal or external audit. Drive and adaptability 
together with professional presentation are 
essential Qualities. Partnership prospects. 


01-589 8807 

Peter Guiness 

21 Brompion Arcade, Kniditbridae, London S.W 3 
— — ..... — Recruitment Consultants — 



Young (23-27) parity qualified (ACA. ACCA or 
equivalent) Accountant required for boofceeptng and 
analytical work in the offices of a Paris based 
Investment Advisor. Applicant must be highly, 
motivated, and have good bookasping sfcWs. French' 
an asset but not a requirement Some exposure to the 
investment world and to PC .s would also help. Salary 
c £11,000 dependent on experience. 

Send CV.3 to p Smith, 

Michael Rule SA, 29 Rue to Bootle, Paris 75008. 
Telephone 42 66 06 40 for further information. 



French speaking lewd sec. 
with (Ur for BguMSTfwtred 

tar Pans office of MPLoodea 

solicitors Excellent package 
av-BlaMe me. a surttna sala- 
ry of c FF97 *QO 
IPS (Legal Personnel 

01-583 9364 fRec ConSJ 
107 Fleet Street 
London ECA 



For bow wen End sokO- 
tots Prrvfoes 

man legal. Would sum wary- 
tarv Mdtof io progress. - 
LPS (treat Persoooel 
SpecwBsD _ ; 

01-563 9364 iPcc Omf 

107 Fleet Street 
- London EGA « 


Hcretormrure reek incomplete I 
records nuiuwr To £ X 5.000 f 
Applv Liz Hughes Accord Per- 
tonrwl 0935 814914 
nance punning wnius 
Gloucester procure £.10.000 
Apply La Huanes Accord Per- 
sonnel 0945 614914 

POTENTIAL partnership Gtobces- 
■ervnire Chattered 

Accountancy To £1 5.000 Ap- 
ply Ur Hughes Accord 
Personnel 0955 014914 
ACA as manager Plymouth ttrac- 
lice XneyoiiaWe. Apply UZ 
Hughes Accord Personnel 0936 



E*cftm& vibrant forward- kicking City shipping company re- 
quire* rwo ntaued wem w iea. 

Senior Sec widi speeds 100/50 * WP, age ipprcre 20-24 
CaBcflt Leaver Sec. speeds 80/40 

Both must have shorthand. ' 

Ring : Nigel WBEuns n -01 929 2787. 


The Performing Right Society Ltd 

an association of composers, publishers 
and authors of music requires a: 



To undertake the advanced translation work of the 
Society in French and German or Spanish and to 
organise and supervise the translation work under- 
taken bv staff elsewhere in the Society. Will also 
generally assist the Foreign Relations Representative 
in vanous administrative tasks, such as making ar- 
rangements for foreign travel, receiving foreign 
visitors and liaison with affiliated Societies abroad. 
Some secretarial work is also involved including typ- 
ing of own translations. 

Applicants ideally must be aged 24+ and have a 
degree or equivalent qualification in French plus Ger- 
man (or possibly Spanish) plus good typing skills; 
audio and word processing an advantage. 

Salary will be c.£ 10.500 to £1 1,000 a a.e. Benefits 
include L.V.'s. Staff Resiauram. S.T.L.. Christmas 
Bonus and Mongage Subsidy (after a qualifying 

Applicants should write with lull career details to: 
Miss Karen Robertson, Personnel Officer. The Per- 
forming Right Society Ltd.. 29/33 Berners Street. 

| The Performing Right 
Society Limited 



Coastal States, a fully iniergrated refining and 
irading Company has two vacancies for prod- 
uct traders in its London office. One trader will 
specialise in refinery feed stocks and the other 
in naphtha and gasolines. Previous experience 
is essential. 

Applicants should send a full Curriculum 
Vitae to; 

The Managing Director, 

Coastal States Petroleum (U.K.) Limited, 
34 Grosvenor Street, 

London W1X 9FG. 

All correspondence will be treated in the strict- 
est confidence. Salaries are negotiable and will 
be supported by a full corporate benefits 



(£21.999 - £24,207) 

Arising from the forthcoming retirement of 
the present postholder, applications are 
invited from managers holding an 
administrative or legal qualification for this 
key post which combines departmental 
responsibilites with an overall management 
role. The person appointed will probably 
have substantial senior management 
experience in toes I government. 

Further details are available from Mrs. Mary 
Diccox on Devizes 4911, ext 222 or by 
written request to the Clerk and Chief 
Executive, Browfort, Bath Road, Devizes, 
Wilts. SN10 2AT. 

Closing date for receipt of applications: 
noon on 9th May 1986. 

nand A Audio for Engush 
family basrd In Belgravia. 
BngM nmonautir. Honesty, tta- 
cretton are ctorotiai auautm 
. Preferred age range t*20 30 s. 
Good salary negotiable accord- 
ing to age & experience & other 
benefits tolered including free 
lunches wme with luUnarucu- 
tors to BOX E96. 

organise press passes lor vecul 
events, and you'll be wdttjr m- 
vofsed in the newspaper world. 
S' H useful, not essential and 
good social *MH>. X7JBOO. 
Covenl Garden Bureau. 110 
Fleet Su JECJ 3S3 7696. 


m busy TV -Packaouig'* On so 
great involvement m Uie bar 
nem wle of rum TV. to 
£ 8 000 Covenl Garden Bu- 
reau. (IO Fleet SL. EC4. 363 
7696 ' 

Plannen lundbng award whi- 
ning overseas protects need 27+ 
PA /Sec to aanst 2 top neopM 
who travel greatly, have high- 
level tneeftofr. and need 
organ King) £9.G00 Cmwl 
Garden Bureau- 1 >0 Fleet SL. 
EC4 333 7606. 

£9.000+ pa/s*c with &/H and 
WP for tateuled Oorporaie 
Team ideally 30*- seeking a 
good career past Covenl Gir- 
ders Bureau. HO Fleet SL. EC4 
3*3 7696. 

for Director of MM Group Gtf 
MrPttoo* maniwr.-SfclA»«. abd* 
ty la wort. tMtopenaandy Very 
congenial working camiuow. 
£10.000*. uak Language A®, 
pounuau 840 9T4S 

TBWTOKM) - Vftoadrrftd OA- 
pociumty Iw a coNN l i aw or 
second ■oMrer to for «k- 
pwdMt wrei End frwnty 
company Ghent contact. M- 
. • mouMrauon XM - good 
aft. tymtvj needed. Salary nego-' 
haMe. carolme wahuob-. £US 
Iniroaucllooa 486 

AtMMN SBC lor cohknkc ao to 
aval wife software 
contracts 'dccncMw Gd tote. 
Dtionv manner far cMK 
contact, own Mm Vary var 
MO- &7JOO im Lwi 
- AppouttnMftt* 840 9745. 


msoo a »m> - MvnaMnn 

MWiit Bn# an aatfryirm. 
recuury-la tMr ManagntD Di- 
rector. voudiwU be nramH 
with pmwa boohfcreoing ex- 
pmMcc And 55 wpra typ wg 
AbuHy. puuarutfphone 01-040 
sail <w«u end) or oi zaq 
5551 i Cay)- Elizabeth Hunt hataKSMIL 

craiiMd Coaununa, 

BANKtNQ W E^ioo + 

Mortgage etc. Exmadmg 
presageaw dry Ban* -attic m- 
Itlhgm indlVMual wiib good 
Dm And Wp exp. «r. awn- 
work). Flu* Frmch. Gerraan 
metre. 552 + Call KU# 406 
6CW. KingdAnd PanCOM. 

ranOMHO. KC K%300 * oar. 
p#cfc* bit Mayfair co reris'PA 
ro nan r a n anrwi ouwrior. 
. PfcauM ptTaooawy am atfttty 
to Matte « all m*N» wp n» 
mg Mitred. DriaHa *99 937* 

m mMwai Craliiilr aArt^ 
larv wDi mb.' 3 yoare reoch 
. nppmn tw. PrtMrnM y ton FV 
nance: . £0.000 mi CM 
fwioofo oat ZM 9WI : 


Secretary for dip bom ui alw. 
CMt.'tVlIat'CVf Ca C * rrrt O U T 
W m Red LMH Street. Loo 
doc MOB ANA.' ot AO* 4864 . 

: 4 

Pemumeni A Knwomy pom- 
mw. AMSA SMcmUM 8M. 
Com. 01 73* 059- \ 


£42.000. anted M Orecuy nan 
onhaialirMMnil MN MM 
-J-jUngoai. recretary- to a rewor 
mkom, Ftuam Frenctr ts 
neatMd am you wdi enloy cocfln- 
uai creotacl ' wWi French 
MNktag countries tor Wt 
pnone. 100/50 skins and 
French shonjiand eaw n dat. 
Ptoaw tetoPhonr 01-840 3611 
iWK End) or 01240 3MI 
tCUVL EUaMth Hunt Recniil- 
mmt ConsMtana. 



E-vperietKed h-sidenlul letting negaiuior warned for South 
London lelnno olllcc Salary £6.000 pa + cwnmnston. Only 
etpenencM people need apply 

Pli-ase reply C V Id. 

HLT Eniemme 
367 Waruhiworih Road 
London as 


! Anticipated earnings f 15,000+) 


Opening May 

Phone: CJS. Brown FSVA 01-435 4455 

UXBMDCC - 3 month oaugnment 
(or a senior level Kcmny. 
SMU» Ol 100/60 and OKtHenf 
grooming raenual. Eff rt toa 
rale. Start mwieitawy. Plea** 
contact Brenda Stewart an 499 
8070 Caroline King ApMi- 
NEW SKCUUST marketing 
puHicaiwn. on rauMwii. 
needs emcient Aintor secretary. 
Mnip or pemwnanL SJiand or 
Wordstar useful. Small office 
overlooks, canal. 01-286 1930 
SH/SCC 6mltn lyr+. 

£L94 2Spw. 846 9743 Link 


pan lime bv Rritipous PuWaher 
bi SW6 20 houre week ineto- 
Mel. Typing nennal. otTice 
eremmer oreferre* Ptoare .w- 
piy in wnuog. with CV. giving 
dav lime letonMne number to 
Pubucny Manager. DLT. B9 Lil- 
lie Rd. London SW6 1UD 



— m 



If your job sounds like the latter, you’d naturally prefer the former. We're offering al that plus a 
guaranteed patten for progress with a successful, growing company. 

In a career seffing business systems to all types and sizes of c ommer c ia l and pebfc organisations, you’ll 
be making full use of ytm creativity, persuasiveness a ad persistence. 

As a market leader in both manual and micro-computer business systems, we can offer an exceHent 
pattern for career development Whether you're from a sales background or a newcomer, well give you an 
the training you require to make a successful fntae for yourself. 

It’s a chaflenging job. where rewards will directly reflect your own success- .and efforts. Salary plus 
comnnssiQq wilt yield on-target earnings of £10.500 in your fast year. And with top sales psspte on 
£20K+ you can see there’s plenty of scope for even greater achievement 
That’s just part of an attractive remuneration package which metodes company car, peashm ami profit 
shariig scheme, plus the sort of benefits you’d only expect from a large, succ essful company. 

If you’re between 23 and 35, with a minimum of 5 ‘O' levels and you want the sort ef rewards you deserve 
for your efforts, you can't afford to let flu's first class opportunity pass you byf 
Exchange frustration and boredom for a challenging, interesting, and most of all. rewanSng future career. 
’Phone Peter £vasis or Andrew Neil on Freefone 4564 between 9am-4pm 
or write with career details to: 

Kalamazoo pie. Old Court, 31 Basher? Road, North field, Birmingham B31 2D R. 




\ w. ivC- r.uiiK i mana^enwil appoinimenti. appear 
li cry Thundav 




ECl firm of Souctiore rewire 
ai Mstnomd Rmguanm lo 
worfc from 12.30 to 6.30. Mon- 
day to Friday. Du (to-. Include 
grating rluoh. booking confer- 
ence rooms. UaiMng with 
Securlly. no (Viang rewired 
Ideally you -exmld tree dose to 
Si Paim and be wUitog to wortc 
full nine for holiday relief. Age 
98f. tojoo + benefits. Can 
Tina CroVer on 01-930 5733. 
Ceniacom SUH Agency. 


Required far sUmulailng lob in 
Progeny Manageme n t in small 
OWM*-B»sed firm. Sun re- 
sooonbie. smart married peram 
aged 38-40 witn secrrUrial 
skills and atomy to salve pronto 
& progerty problems wittioul 
Hiss limnrdiate start. M o minga 
tolly *4 000 N. 01 391 9329 
No agents. 





IN THE MATTER o t EV Lea ft 
Company Limued 
GOmMMce ACL 1986 

the Order at (fw Hfgb Cburt of 
Justice. Chancery CMvtston. Man- 
chester District Registry, dated 24 
February 1983 oonflnaing Uw re- 
duction of ttw caMtai of Ow above 
named Congtany front 
£240.00.00 to £168.00.00 and 
the Mmuta approved by me Court 
showing with respect to the cacti 

Q) of the Compa ny as attend DIP 

several particulars rewired by 
the above mentioned Act were 
doty regatared by the Registrar of 
Oompantos on 11 March i960. 

Dated (Ms 7 day of April 1986. 

wrMay dayden ft Armstrongs 

Prudential Buddings 

Linton Street 


Oil 1KR 

Ref. PV/ES.-876/85 
StoKHor, for the above named 


income Oi 278 4886. 



seeks to appoint a new Administrative Director. The present director is 
responsible for membership, staff supervision, hri-*e management, the 
supervision of finance and general administration. iTie appointment re- 
quires someone with strong personal qualities, considerable relevant 
experience, knowledge of business or government and an interest in 


Unaue -detached character 
cottage. Picbmqve Mtung 
m the centra ot-ths Ibstonc 
ufflaoe ctoso to trie M4. 
Auction 21st May. 1986 un- 
less sold provtousfy. puce 
side £70.000 n £80000. 

international afiairs. 

Further details and application form from Personnel, 10 St James Square, -. 
London SWIY -JLE. Closing date 9th May. 


WILSON otherwise TAYLOR. 
TAYLOR Lair of 107 AlbUfy 

Sheet. OenUord. London SE8 

died Thereon 8th April 1989 Oh- 

tale about £30JS90i The Father 

of me above-named to mtoeswd 

to apply to the Treasury 'Solicitor 

1B.VJ. Queen Anne's Chamber*. 

28 Broadway. London SWJH 

9JS. uung whWi the Treasury 

SoUtftoc may take awpa to admin 

user the estate. 


CALLOWAY - on the beautiful 
South west coast of Scotland. 
18 miles from Dumfries, superb 
. Luxury ScavUnai van Lag Built 
Houses for sale. 3 bedrooms. 
dNingroom. kiichen. bathroom 
Ideally, situated on bndkaped 
■ sir 4 Qo yds (nan beach. BOO 
yds from golf course, states 
nearby For fuM detain write re 
leietKione Bar-end Properties. 
SandYhilto. Dalbeattie. Kirkcud- 
bnghtjhtre. tUB 778 663. 
mvXMMESC Modern 3 bed bun- 
galow. residential location nr 
mstorlc Culloden. Ideal home, 
investment. £40.000 Tet 0997 


X i 


* - 

14. Ontnan nd 
tongue, fluent Cngnah 
French, 29 yearn secretarial 
adnumstraUve experience, 
wulely travelled, no Dot. Bru*- 
seto based. wHimiosuttdtuieC . 
■ S Mb wnh actreuy connected | 
wm arts. musK. travel, history, 
archeology. Any legal offers , 
conSHiered. Box E50- 

EX-ROYAJL Hong Kong p 

CJJ3 officer, io -O' levels. 2 ’ 
•A - levels . seeks resnore 
ctaOcmpng nosuton at home or j 
abroad, with both uiuctectual a 
practical sumuiaoan Pto ph I 
029971 1074. Q29sn0386 msg 



PubfeHng company require 
1 a secretary kxjnmpuiBrtstxi 
reader enquiry service 
dapanment FiW training 
i gmen. Other dudes to 
induds fast accurate typing, 
®ng and operating srera 
Waphone ndiditxiaid. 
Salwy naq. Age 18-28. 
Plaan Waphaea tar kamim. 

MUdte East Trade 
os 01-636 2911 art a 




3/4 bed magnincent 
mews. 2/3 bathrooms, 
oarage and elegant large 
double reception roans. 
Use of Cadogas 
Suuare/ Place gardens. 
Refurbished lo very high 
standard by Interior de- 
signer. 74 yr lease. 

Tib til 537 MB*/ 

Ot 235 0927 


£10JSO + ncf. porta. 

mt. Mayfair Oo. seeks exp. 
sec to- asstsf, and support 
busy director of O/S sec- 
tion. Good organlttnp 
abnuy and a sense of hu- 
mour req. WP training, 
offered. Details 499 9274 
Steve Mills (Rec GoosL 

’5; 2, 


'. j ...» . 


ST JOHNS WOOD, fmmac. newly 

dee- carpeted flat in phndgtoua . 

Mock. DM bed. New tux tmtx 

and ML Recce, bale. Nr tube 

and uiameoUfm. 95 rear Maw. 
£67^00. Tel 286 661a 

FWJ1AM Luk Victorian terraced 

house. 3 beds, ba t hr o om , reeen, 

toning rm. 27n kitchen, coosov 

calory, uokty. wc garden 
SIA&jOOO. 01 386 134a 


Abingdon Beamed swung 
roo hi toning a rea, good WtotT 

arfssrasbist- su 

™= ttoontaW 



stoawi sheen me £2201100 
PtoW raadly house. 4 m«. 2 
MU", huge. recwpL gdn. loft 
roam. Tef 01-602 8B4SL 

hantsldorset, & 


“"Kraw OOTTASC. Small 
thatched gem Jn viUaor of out- 

Jtohtong OMura*. ocnnly 
ptoMl wuis border 
Iffoto* layout, a tfbto beenin. 

Privacy %vfthoi]l hfjtnifw 

£47A0a ™?OM7 Slf^ 0 "- 

FO*» MU 


Several plots of tend fat 
very good locations. 

oSSL ^ ™° 

O^orgerwctrwalgsrr. isd- 

MOOO Munchen 40. 



idiwi Ba ker 

WS"BE rat A mg. 

^ u<a ^ oobd. Alann. 

fSSfri- Gemmifler. atwer grey. 
k^5«SSL?wxsjoci. Tet. 
Ot 362 7286 day or nkgnt. 

!j^- » “ain sealer. 061 aao 

Ov er 14 nelikKi of the 
most affluent people in the 
country read the classified 
columns of The Tiroes. The 
following categories appear 
regularly every week, and 
are generally accompanied 
by relevant editorial articles. 

Use the coupon (right), 
and find ont how easy, fast 
and economical it bio adver- 
tise in The Tunes Classified. 

MONDAY Education: Univer- 
sity Appointments. Prep. & Public 
School Appoimmenu.Educational 
CoureesJcholarshipsJi Fellowships. 
La Creme 4e la Create: 

TUESDAY Computer Horizons: 
3 comprehensive guide lo the 
computer market. 

Legal Appointments: Solicitors, 
Commercu! Lawyers. Legal 

Officers. Priiaie& Public practice. 
Legal La Creme: a new classifica- 
tion for top legal secretaries. 

WEDNESDAY La Creme de la 
Creme: Seoeunal/PA appointments 
aver£7500. General secretarial. 
Property: Residential. Commercial. 
Town A Counny. Overseas, Rentals. 

THURSDAY General Appcari- 

fuenfs: CfttefE tecu lives . Managing 
Direc lots. Directors, Sales and 
Marketing Eaccuiives and Overseas 
Appointments, including a new 
classification entitled rmradalaad 
Ac cottaancy Apponrfinews. 

the would famous personal column appears every day; 


FRIDAY Modus: A complete car 
buyers’ guide featuring esubbhdd 
dealers and private sales. 
Selling property, franchises, 
equipment etc. la small and. large 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Ornieas TraveL’ 
Holidays abroad. Low cost flights. 
Cruises, Car hi®. U.K. Tenet; 
Hotels, Cottages, Holiday lets. 

Pen Friends^ new classification for 
young readers to contact people with 
similar imereas at homeand overseas. 

ws will oomrt^Su^ih«L<SOTfio^ 1 ^dSonSim l Se^Se?^LS3£? ,pe ™ , ®‘ 
Rais are Lineage £4 per line (ntin!T ' 
column cenlimelre. Court and Social £6 per 

B wLPA).B«4M 1 Viwi n b^: ! ^S^P er8 ^ Admtismt Dw- 



TELEPHONE tDay ti me) 


=e in__L i i i t 

Mi* iiMhS THUJteUA* A^KiL 10 ly8d 



J ff* < & : 3^‘»' 6 *‘A*.- 

■*=■- ■ 1 -I 


P***#® on *» CUMIOO . V ; WC2 

Wyour «mbtttoo is tobecome PA to tf Chairman this 
Mold boyoor opportunity to cfimb the tedder? t?£ 
«« Deputy, Ghakman of 

g ^ toting investment -fruit netd a 
§“**“2 *° **» **► two PA'si 
You ow gt hay e good shorthand and 
. frping a Mte a pteawnt telephone 
Tnsnnsr and m tianble sttituda to c*r- 
2 “Aflvart«y ofsctertttes tea busy 

. -:Saseaaaag 

■ JwoMer Sabnaa, . 
t rTSLSft 6 ? 1 * Limited, 

7 CwW ^^^J^ ndon WHM 9HA. 

' Tab 01-631 -0491 





Vtraam. <*M cocoa iBtfmMmM i 

Mb {SO^CJ, 

tetaov. Ml inuiMlmum 


ins m amd out te-foMT*; rant 2 nd ftra auriM tei-hra— 

««« « oMd m« a. IS SSTwT V 

Secretarial RscmiMiesI A-SafacSn 

WU Deal SI 
‘ LOma WHtV 5AH 

miUmJidHWAblM 5M5ta»d * 

Busy Company Commercial Partner in intema- 
tionaJ practice seeks • experienced legal 
secretary wtth fast.accuratfi skfflswho is not 
. afraid or responsibility or hard work (wftivappro- 
priate financed rew&ds) to organise bis work, 
bis Merits and twm. ■ • .. 

Can 01-235 0222. J ; 

• mfMGP of JR •., . . 


•; -TOltl^OOb; _ 

If wn an m hw W id practous m«Mp.ixKiiia 
opportnniiy to lemi abodtutnn vfctafcrfps jtoprsecre- 
onat 3U0S. EndaK sborteaiW typing told knowledge 
to WP emnitaL Awt 25f. tosed.ta Cjteto fiandnn, ■ 

plebse jmone -.-Den* . 

•• . .. Korapass-jLirf alec Can^, J> r 
■ , ‘-VB&P&BBB Oxford Street. 

‘ TJox&an «?t V 1 v ? ' 


• Executive Selection 

Wfc are a busy 3 mail cerisulfanGy based in WC1. Wfe 
need a flexible and wd presented Hn-smokng 
individual aged undar ffi to support os - receptor, 
telephone, typing, admta etc. 

Wbw gpiycgW^ fle aOTtt tl w May e.lmaBi^ 

Phone John Sleigh at Uoyd ilaiis^atwat 
• •: 01~4fl5 3499 . . 


MiurepeRot isnecricd towodt ia ibcBClaraiaajMnfiariQn- 
il CT Vt r oat nc m - The ideal ptacm sbatt ItavtRipen'iBon and 
want WPcqicricBce. Data todm lc M pcwBagf tam artyra- 
toon, provjdmc backup and Mab a w^ ogwawg wodAwd 
and gnenl admin duties. 

. Phatt c ewt act.Fitoie ffaar a 43* 4001 

COMMERCIAL PA-fc 12,000 

PA/aec vffl U Iropw ^-maWfaq toy b- aad «aaMjto>. itoto 

ixfiptn background. O tewto maOi&.^iMtto «« 
rrswK wt wp. w Opctote 


to Warw^eH «0«T <55*2555 

fan 01-486 2667btfoca 8jXto3 a. y toadfi V- 
SecrHartesUniHKMRcc CmL l BadW toStraeL lirndop 


Senior Direnor of Propeig Conyflmy needs copfidon 
PA who enioyy re spmi ^ ^ . Adimn myo t- reoMat a- 
dudes the mnniat rftt«Pagqfflaex^fee.»fcpmTO 
me of se cr etar ial sidCs inciudinE stontoraa age 25+. 

583 1034 HEttEDITH SCOTT (RecGoni) 


Heqtawd by lively. W>«-- a T 

and iaterior 4ss i$a pncace. Shortly aw™*# 

wwk^No sS^SSoDpja*.; c 




Someone with experience , and 
initiative needed' to rim busy 
private office covering many 
: varied interests. Located close 
to Sloane Square. . Flexible 
iipurs- N^otiable .salary. 5 
liours/day, 5 days/weei. 

- CaB O 1-730 9305 


Oor Group Salas Director seeks, a wen organised 
-PA/Saadary wbo can effedtvdy organise his 
wtrUnfl Uh and to sroooOi me' way for even 
more successes. ; 

■A flood standard of shorthand and audio typing 
Is reouired: experience of a Word Process would 

benn asset. j 

This appointment would suit a responsible per- 
sem «vtra is looUmi Itar bnrotveoienL 
Modern Mayfair offices, near Green Park SB- 
tton. Salary circa £8,000. per annum. 

PtaM write enck»lD9 G.y. fib: 

Christine Maxwell Personnel Officer 
ColHns Publishers 
. 8. Grafton Street - 
London W1X SLA 



mpmv secretary lo Editor itt Chief; must be^ wfl 
organised and used'to working in a pubiidupg 
'enyironmeni in addition io the normal require- 
n«art of topldaffir secretarial skills. Preferred age 
group 2S-40. Good salary for the right person. 

1171110. with Ml GV. an4 photograph to: 
General Mana^r 

• • . BOX A44, 

' - The Times; '.•••: 

; r. 1 PO Box 484, 

• Virana.StreeL.Xbndan El. ‘ 


ThcrBbfty to compose ^busbiess letters in 
German and to speak Goman and French on 
the telephone is essential. However, this is only 
-part of a job that requires good English short- 
hand. a confident manner and. general savoir- 
faire. Age 25-35, salary up. to £10,000. Please 
vnHe.te'- ■ : 

The Editor 

Antiques Trade Gazette . 

17 Whitcomb“Street . 

London WC2H 7PL 

SlM | : r'| [_K*r-j 

secretarial staff 

AgeCrnit;21-30: □ required 
speeds: 45 wpm typing and90 wpm 
shorthand; P word processing ex- 
perience desirable; □ knowledge of 
French is an advantage; □ good 
salary net of income tax. 

Write with detailed curriculum vitae 
to: Recruitment Officer; NATO, 

1110 Brussels, Belgium. 

Only those candidates considered 
suitable will receive a reply. 



. Leading Public Relations consultancy re- 
quirea top rece^ooist/telephonist for its 
busy offices, sear Fleet StnseL They must 
be used to the rush of a busy office, and 
be able to deal with some of the country's 
: teadjng busn^smen and financiers. The 
- reward, £ 8,000 p jl and 7 various other 
‘benefits. Contect: 

Binns Cornwall & Partners 
01-489 1441 

c. £11,000 

A small independent college (Charitable Trust) 
requires an experienced and well qualified secre- 
tary for this demanding and challenging role: 

The successful applicant will probably be a grad- 
uate; possibly with experience of educational 
administration, able to use initiative and used to 

There b a strong likelihood that overseas travel 
will be involved; the post carries sx weeks holi- 
day pJL, with pleasant working conditions. 

Further details and application forms are avail- 
able from 

Thu Priadpal, 

Davies’* CaMaga, 

44 Cromwell Howl, 

(torn, BN3 3ER. 

TatophoM 0273 723911. 



. As a weB established goup specialising in the 
field of accountancy recruitment, our contin- 
ued success necessitates further expansion of 
our branch network both within Central Lon- 
don and thesuburbs. 

We currently require additional consultants 
to join us and share in our success. 

We guarantee that your duties and responsi- 
bflities will always be interesting and 
opportunities for definite career progression to 
management level are assured for thos display- 
ing determination, enthusiasm and the will to 
succeed in a fast moving service industry. 

Earnings in your first year will be c£i 3,500. 

. Interested? Then please telephone SHEILA 
HOOD on 01-247 6931. 



As receptionist in an Advertising Agency you are one of 
the most important people in the team. Von are the first 
point of contact between agency and clients, be h face to 
lace or on the telephone. Everything yon do, the wayyou 
look, what you say, wfl) make an impression. That 
impression must be right. 

We are a highly creative professional agency and have 
reached a significant stage m onr development. We need 
a terrific receptionist to join our forty strong staff as part 
of the new team. 

The job is demanding but the rewards are there for the 
right person. Salary u negotiable from £7,500 upwards 
depending on 'your age and experience. Only serious 
professionals need apply. 

Please call Rosemst 
you think you are 

oa 631-5404 to teO her why 
e right person. 


httBmatioaai soScitora sank two fast accurate experienced 
audio secretaries. One to take the strain. maMy in 
conve y ancing and Mgattoo and the other as secretary to a 
senior company commercial assistant. Small friendly 
office with latest equipment 

Can 01-235 0222 ref. SHAT. 


Busy Fulham and 
Kensington estate 
agents " heed an 
unflappable, outgoing 
secretary with Word 
Processor knowledge 
-arid -good typing -skHls 
Must De sue to. cope 
■ with a full workload 
and look after our 
clients. Salary hi the 
region of £8.300 pau 

. Please ring: 

.’■Hchtord Rawlings 
01-731 3380 



lij v IlOi 

[f Jv. ] 





In Kensington . Accu- 
rate Typing essential. 

Fun/part time. Sala- 
ry mg. Ref: MBS. No 

The Propcrtv Nptnuucrs 
01-221 X8.W 

£9.400 + 2 rally Reviews 

2 yearn cmouny Law nt 
tanner, met. involved post. 
MMUwn MMd Cay SoMtnn. 

£10200 + Varied Benefits 

Good Comm Conveyancing 

•» mm. Senior Partner 
lvl. prtosuraed involved 
post. Age 34+ . -O' mate. 
Top Oty Solituora. 




300 High HoBrorn 


If you're bored with the same old 
routine, then take the opportunity of 
a lifetime and apply for an exciting 
new job at the Cumberland Hotel. 
Our Genera! Manager is looking for 
a bright, cheerful Personal 
Assistant. If you enjoy working in a 
busy atmosphere and having to use 
your initiative, this job's for you. 
You wifi need good shorthand and 
typing skills and a pleasant tele- 
phone manner. Please send full C.V. 
to Corirme O'Brien, Personnel 
Officer, Cumberland Hotel, Marble 
Arch W1. 


ThiM house Forte Holds 

amount 01Q 


Join one of London's most exciting and expentfing 
banks as an assistant on the dealing floor. You will 
provide total admin back-up to their dealers, handling 
everything from International phone calls and telexes 
to the opening of new accounts. The pace is very fast 
so someone with lots of enthusiasm and stamma is 
essential. Previous banking experience and any lan- 
guages preferable. Age 24+ 

Telephone 01 489 8070 





Gramm industrialist who 
spends apprexbnuMy 6 
months pjl in London 
needs an executive 
secretary for his smal 
London offito. Thte is a busy 
and veraatHe position 
covering al aspects of a 
senior secretarial post 
Inducing looking attar hm 
private mtsrests, correspon- 
dence. tram) arrangement s . 
PAYE, management of Ms 
homes and been in (My 
touch with Mm Swing hta 
frequent absences abroad. 
Age 30-15. Smart 
appearance. Senior level 
experience. sati-motivBtion 
and wHfingness to woric . 
atone e sse n tia l Please rmg: 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

£ 10,000 

An opportnniiy has arisen 
at main board level within 
a major pic unrated in the 
West of London for a 
senior secraaiyfPA . 

This is an unusual dunce 
to kiD two birds with one 
stone: by entering a blue 
chip company at the lop. 
and wotting within easy 
anting distance of home. 
The ideal candidate will 
have secretarial skills of 
W/ftO. as well as the poise 
end confidence to deal 
effectively with senior 
management. This will he 
hacked up by a sound 
senior secretarial track 
record. Age 25-45. 

mghty prestigious firm of in- 
tematlonal executive smvh 
. mnsi ti r ani a in SW.l needs a 
fop level secretary /P.A- to 
work for tutor young joint 
Managing Director. Ftesporv 
-tobattss - -include ltd 
secretarial support, corre- 
spondence. reports. RalSKig 
wtti dents end personal 
wrek. Immaculate appear- 
ance. exceflent e du cational 
background, good c.v. and 
tat nxKo typing (70+ wpm) 
essential. Age 26-32. Please 

434 4512 

Gone Corkill 

RBcntiftnem consultants 
93 Regent Street W1 


response*-, tactful man. 
ner and act as PA, 'Private 
Secretary al very senior 
level. FlexfUe altitude as 
part of a small dedicated 
team. Legal and/or banfc- 


The MD of a smtol su> 
csssful financta! con- 
sultancy in El requires a 
ssd-sumdbnt PA to be- 
come fully involved in all 
aspects to the business. 
As the consultants travel 
extensively, you tMfl often 
be left to hold the ton 
You urill handle alt secre- 
tarial duties plus some 
bookkeeping aid office 

Sefl -motivation and a 
sense to humour, com- 
bined with relevant smalt 
company experience will 
equip you for this 

Age 25-40 Skats 100/80 

726 8491 


PIU ■ 

PERSONAL assistant to 

City cf 12,500 + benefits 

An experienced PA/Senior secretary is re- 
quired by the Chainnan/Chief Executive of 
a major City reinsurance broking group 
and Lloyd's brokers. This position offers 
an excellent opportunity with a growing 
company and the nature of the job will 
ensure responsibility, interest and involve- 
ment. A capable organiser, you will have 
the ability to cope with pressure and enjoy 
using initiative. The successful candidate 

* be aged 27-35 

* be educated to A level standard 

* have relevant City experience 

* have impeccable presentation, secretarial 


* have the ability to communicate effec- 

tively at all levels and be discreet 

* have a professional approach combined 

with a sense of humour. 

A knowledge of the Lloyd's market would 
be an advantage. 

Our benefits package includes BUPA, pen- 
sion scheme, season ticket loan, free life 
assurance and LVs. 

Please write with full details to: Box AS4. 
The Times. PO Box 484. Virginia Street. 
London El 9DD. 



, to : 4 5T:i^r 


Secretary to look after three partnere. Good 
shorthand and typing essential. Financial back- 
ground or similar an advantage. Friendly and 
pleasant working environment Salary c £9,000 
pa. Please send CVs to: 

Goodman Jones 
29-30 Fitzroy Square 
London W1P 5HH 
Quoting ref. JMB 


For Gvil Engineering company in West 
End. Excellent command of English gram- 
mar, 5 years previous experience and with 
a high level of education. Varied duties 
requiring knowledge of administration and 
speeds of 100/60. Knowledge of Italian 
would be an asset 

Please send CV, stating current salary, to: 
Ms R S Mewing, 

River & Sea Gabions (London) Ltd, 

2 Swallow Race, 

London W1R 8SQ 


£ 12,000 

A new product with enormous potential is being launched and 
Ms Is your opportunity to be In on the action) The Man a ging 
Director needs ra energetic Assistant with proven atoMty and a 
good track record to run the office, organise ram. taka care of Ms 
sec re tari a l work and become completely involved In the whole 
European marketing operation. H you are HexMa. InteBegent. 
have 90/60 shonhand/typing skfis, a European language, aged 
25-35 and are looking tor a stretching Job, please ring: 

434 4512 

Crone CorkiU 

Recruitment Consultants 

*£10-£1 1,000* 


A top eatibre scc/PA - with a sense of humour is rcqd. to assist 
the MD of lbs large property ox 

Very varied position with a lot of respoasibQiiy mdndmg some 
social entertain mm 1 , 


Skills rcqd. 100/30 


01 626 5582 

Alfred Marks Recruitment Consultants 


A professional and experienced receptionist is 
needed for this well known company. You will 
answer a busy switchboard and receive visi- 
tors and TV personalties. The atmosphere is 

LVs, £100 grooming allow- 
salary review. Age 23-30. 

ance and June salary review. Age 23-30. 

Efaobetfi Hunt RecruilrnentConsultonis l 

2-3 Bedfcxd Shoot London WC2 01-240 35ff/ 


The hard working, energetic and enigmatic M.D. 
of his own property company needs a P-A. He 
runs his friendly and expanding offices with to- 
tal involvement and is looking for someone to 
care for him as he cares For his staff. Working 
from a secluded office in Kensington W8, there 
are general secretarial duties and a lot of “om 
and about’ work. 

Preferred non-smoker and driver aged 30-45 
with suitable experience. Please wnic with CV 
and current salary to BOX £30 





*11 i'lJUd/ial jd* cruvfnmu 
on hr acwpivd b> idcphom- 
U'knrpi AnnounecnMiusL The 
vkadlinc » j.Wpm 3 dais prior 
lapuMiciiiimfH.- 5 . 0 Hprn Mon- 
day for ftahfcsda>i. Should 
you with lo vnd an JdvrrtiK- 
nurr.l in inung picatt include 
your daiiimc phone number 
PARTMENT. If >uu have any 
UKim ik proMcmv relating to 
>mir adicnivfncnl once it has 
appeared, please enniad our 
t 'uMiimer Sen ices Denanmcni 
by letephiMV on 61 - 4 S 1 3006 



Lon* and mes v©u lots Soon 


Bonnans unwu>» o week lull 

iinw rourK' Man* nan April 

Leelum and >iMb- Id loading 
LK arlisn and craftsmen Tei 
Pnnrnul Ol HU Kd7 
IrodiKlidiK [or me unattached 
sa Maddox SI reel. London M l 
Telephone J 7 - 

FRENKW. Love or Marruoe 
AM age*. area; Oalefinr Dm* 
■OI6> 25 Atanodon R<Md. Lon- 
don WB Tel: 01 *36 lOU. 
Hedi Fianer Irurooucnom. 
SA E. Id Beauchamp P). S'* 3 
o: 267 6066. Nnh worm rale 
Men A06S in demand. 
calibre CVS protewwnaiiy 
MTillen and produced 
curriculum uiar documents 
Delaits 01 580 2939 

if f l ll WT ai t THU TEAR could 

He rmtlli neaulilul for V our lam- 
llv especially u a problem 
dfinkina loied one retimes 
eHerii'o and nr conned near 
menl for inn illnoy* ai CJoutto 
House “-huh n set in neaulilul 
and secluded surroundings For 
illieuiared prospectus. runlacl 
The Llle Aiwu Tried Freepool. 
SalisDurv SPJ 6BR or 07*1785 


US laws er 17 Butsirooe Si Lon- 
don Wl 01 486 0815 


WIMBLEDON Dchenlure seats 
warned i or pniaie rompamev 
Top pnto paid Ol 228 0423 


American woman ueefc.* small 
dal .'house. Oxford. Camondoe. 
idly and Auousl RoaMinaDIr 
rml Pels, planls pampered 
Call 01 303 8727 

we ouareniee ro pa) top prion- 
lor cenlro and mu 1 court seeds. 
Phone Mr Pictiardson on 01- 
836 bSTl 

I CLAUDIUS fan wauls Video re 
cordino Episode It Tuesday 
April I . preferatriv Be Umax. 
Ol 62? 7024 

Desks. Bookcase elc A Pre 1*40 
lumilure Tel. Ol 586 0148 ce 
Ol 228 771o day or nWhl 


warded including debentures 
Best on res paid 01 229 0937 

Ol 028 1775 

WIMBLEDON Uckel* wanted 
Top prices paid Ol 83“ 1888. 



Wicanders Corioptui Tiles, 
design natural only f 5*3 per 
sq \d + VAT. Wool mm 
Berber carpel? 4m »r1c 
H essian backed £4.35 per $q 
yd + V\T. While Bucks Iasi. 
255 New 1 tine* Road. 
Pursuits Green. S"4. 

Tel: 01-731-2588 

Free esthmus - Expert fittiofc. 


£49 lioeostrtld* Tops T V. 
91 Lower Same Sms*. SWI 
01 7300933 

Brights OF NETTLEBCD. Corn 
jHeie (urnwhnw schemes in lh» 
period Mile Finest quatliv rep 
lira funttlure from our two 
workshop £2 milbon stocks 
Nrttfebed iO*9li b*H 115. 
Baumemaulh i02C2> 293580. 
TOPsnam 10392871 7443. 

Berkeley. GKW i0453l 810962. 
FABULOUS ISC qenUcrturns aaW 
watch and strap OnMG de 
VUIe Nuer used Just remoieo 
from bank vault. Must sell a» « 
quarter of its ulue. Li.OOO. 
Ahd stiver coffee pal I978JU0J- 
tee fuilrrurked. unused. 
Alnotule bargain al £400 0430 

pewter beds and Georgian *Urt* 
bedroom furmlun? in Vew and 
Mahogany leneera Large 
showroom now open The Butts 
Centre. Readinq Tel. <0734 1 


12 n wide Wilton carpets re- 
duced from £22 per wr yd lo 

£9.50 sq yd Chancery Carpels. 
97 99 ClerkcnwcH Rd. London 
EC1 . 01 405 0453 
we have tickets lor lime and an 
inealre and snorts ret.- 631 
3719. b37 I71S All malor 
rredll cards 

THE TIMES 1795-IM8. Other 
Idles avail Hand bound ready 
lor presemahon aha 

^Sundays" £12 50 Remember 
When Ol -688 6323 
TICKETS lor any event. Cab. 
Starlight Exp. Chew. Le s Mb 
All ineaire and sports. 821 
6616 '828 0495 

A Ex/ Visa /Diners 
FUTON BED and frame LI 90. 
learner swivel armchair 1.195. 
cream Kmgnxnb sola and cush- 
ions C5S0 TH Ol 4 35 0974 
Wc sens err Nalionv-idP 
deliveries Tel. >038CH 850059 
i Wills i 


The tnanesi quality and most 
rampeteiive In me countrv Tel 

0626 53372 1 

SEATFINOKRS Any ei enf inc Les 
Mis. Coveni Gdn. Martiqhl Exp. 
Wimbledon. Gtynoeboume. Ol 
828 1678 Major credil cards 
PIANO. Medium -sued upright. 
|vi class rond £385 Can ar- 
range delivery. 01 453 Oiafi. 
1986 For Sale Telephone Ql- 

Please Telephone 737-2632 


MR SQMEHTON lajli-u building 
your .iddrete- Pteaw and ton 
1*1 Sylvia Olson PI Ohwald 
SI Thunder Bay . Onlano. Can 
ada PI A t>T2 

you help us, 
the more 
f^weilfind out^ 

h Heart Foundatic^ 
part researcti.iirajijty 

| liaannandlniBBOBB 
ei nur<!6ii LfriGimoi. 
tr.G *5 T of low (ionxinn <ir 
hGKi pis drwlh 10 inukli 

Sodio-Ki Btn uj. Rood 5TL 
las :ln\ to fi*k iemdoa ERk »V 

J«^Bu) ^>’vuk j^ » Aaoi 




London's leading ipnilld in 
new ahd peslored ptanos lor the 
largest genuine selection avail 
awe. HlgtMMlr Rd. KWB 

cu 267 767t Free couuxme 
and mronditumeif. UuafilF af 
reasonable P oces 328BnqtHon 
Rd, s Croydon 01-688 3613 
Royal Appointment Immieu 
Uie Cl .800. 0394 271896 
GROT1t1AN>SI EMWtB. 1927 
Ml Grand. Excriiem tordiuon 
L5.49S. TeL 01 34*, 3335 


Champion sock. Brown and 
fan. ready 2 wXS EutMCM lem 
perartieni. quod with children 
Lckhcid <08251 67209 


and school <18-40 age group* 
Tel 01 373 1666 


apart . dU ensuite hdrm . sgl. 
Bed shower, sen. foileL collage 
kti diner, character lounge 
roof gdn. ch Prof person refs, 
essential ci9O.00pw Tci ot 

794 6573 

5W3 Full 

equipped coniemcnl sunny flal 
double bedded room. 1 rerep. 
min 4 monilw £170 pw 01- 

352 8896/581 1706- 
NW3 Collage avail lor 3 4 

months 2 beds 2 bains. Anraci 

lounge Mod kll Gdn tMO pw 
Greene A Co Ol 625 Soil. 

S KENSINGTON Superb 4 bed 
hie 2 rrr 2 Dalh Lp kiL utility 
rm 6 gdn 5-9 months £380- 
480 pw Uic. Tel 076-121 -631 
bed. 2 rrcep. sun deck- et iv. 

M4V NCI. L'lJOpw 362 6841 
kensmgion. C« TV 24hr swbd. 
It*. CoUingham .4pb 373 6506 
ST JAMES SWI. Luxury 2 bed 
■ully lumtshrd serviced aw nr 
park 01 373 6306 <Ti 


with 2 prof lemales Ine newly 
dec coaled IM f h Own bed 
and bath Clone lubes Mpw 
Incl F 25 plus. Tet Luma Work 
0-5 6 to Ol 740 8(MO 

share spa nous flal with 2 G r 
City 30 mins CH £216 pem 
e\rt Tel Ol 228 3493 levesi. 
628 8985 'day ' 

ley So. O H. lull use of nal. 
balcony kitchen elc £300 pw 
irKiudjiui rml. CH. an electric 
ilv. TV maid service Ring 491- 
0877 daynme. 

UNSTUFFY Grad pro! lo sfrr 
romiortable use all mod i ons. 
Cl ot> p.rm evd. Clapham 
South Tube Telephone John 
Whitehead 623 4265 davlitne. 
BALMAIN Comfortable spacious 
flai dm iwui bed. lounge. 
KAB och & TH Nr Tube BR 
LOS me pw 673 8442 
BATTERSEA. Share rhartjnnu 
fiat overlooking park O r. I. 
n s £40 pw exrl. 499 0092 
dav 223 6812 after o 30pm 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing 
well edab Inlroduc lory service 
Pise tel lor an pi Ol 589 5491. 
313 Brompfnn Road. SWJ 
PROP COUPLE TO share room in 
lux nal on aapiura Common 
wilh 2 persons £37p P.P w 01 
720 9226 7 

PROF r GRAD. 23. seeks O K In 
hse naishare SW. N W areas 
£35 - C40 pw max 404-0422 
exl 41 elai i. 

PUTNEY. Prof f . under 30. n s. 

0 r Delightful flat i nr. lube 

and shops W mactime. nth 
too pw 0780-63000 
PUTNEY NR RIVER prof female 
own lovely Iqe rm w/ynwr 
Share kil. lux hse £66 pw UK 

01 094 2475 Ot TB8 2332 evet- 
SW10 Female lo share large well 

lurmshcd house O H CH T\ au 
I -Kill lies £5 Opw me. Tel Ol 
370 1949 after 7pm 
22*. hi S. 10 share large nal 
wilh 1 Other Own room. £130 
prm Tel 291 4729 tevevi 
EAUNC W5 prof base F N SO R 
in owner Occ nal £150 pem 
excJ Tel 01 998 9657 
FMD-ft-FLAT <nal Sharing 
Agency) home-ownen no fee 
36 kinds Rd. SW3 Ol 584 8012 
FULHAM O r in Lux house 
Female SO* n v. L4S p.w. 
Excl Tel'.Ol -386-6636 anytime 
ISLINGTON. L9S rm In lu* tue 
£170 pe.m excl. Tel Pauline 
MacMillan Ol 359 23"2- 
MARBLE ARCH. Obi rm hi lovely 
p'nouse flat £53 pw mu. Mon- 
rn onb 439 6391 X 227 
MUS WELL IHLL 2 n s m hon 
in superb prof m'» CH hse. £42 
A £52 pw hid 883 3000 eve* 
N1 Prof n s for own room In 
knely house £198 pem. 254 

UK eve* 

PIMLICO 2 NTs to share rminhse 
£40 p w Tel-OI 821 8393 
< after bpmi 

SEZS Prof f sh 2 bed qdn flat 
O R 15 mins London flalion. 
£40 -pw 01-653 8923 
SWA prof M / F lo share flal . o/R. 
N<S £40 pw. Tel 622 <M61 af- 
ter 6pm 

Wll: prof M F Id Share flat wilh 
owner O R £200 prm iikI 
239 0607 i afl 6 30 pnn 
WBProl M f. N s To Share use 
O r £48 p w Incl Tel Ot 385 
3806 '6 30-9. 00pm i 
W2 PROF PERSON, own |ge lux 
rm ch. wash modi. £ 23 o p m 
incl Tel 238 3562 leveW. 


COVERT GARDEN Experienced 
legal yecreiarv for senior pan 
rrr of general practice 
U ligation properly and com- 
mercial wort Own word 
proccsaor. c£ 10-000 8364571 


» 90.000 DTE selling Planning 
•Judies and cansuiunar lo se 
mor executives in the IT 
Industry in France. Italy. Spam. 
LK V on are a very wccmful 
hi runes'* rmnpuler salesperson 
nr setnironduclor salesperson 
with Itueru French. Italian. En- 
Nish and a degree Wo are 
INTELO Corporal ion. 60 The 
btrand. London WC2N SLR 
PK-ase s»nd lull ft loH Barney 
Exec VP. 


COSTCUTTEJW ON niqht, hols 
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C iianwwl Ueinsedfooded 
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Betu Travel Tel Ol 586 6414. 

CHEAP fUCHTI wortdwKb- 
HaiimrVd 61-430 136h. 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled night* 
Ol 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

USA Iran £99 Maior navH oi 
466 9237 IATA 

TAORMINA * LJPAfH. Sicily - 
Three very ypenal springtime 
oilers 1 13 mgntv it • 30 Apni 
NA iSunenor t*i Cla»i £445 
half hoard GATTOPAHDO 
PARK HOTEL upaji £339 B a 
Esoeria. Taormina 6 nights * 
GalhHurdo Park 7 munis £249 
B & B. All holiday* incl 13 
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.OS ANGELES May £309 rtn 
Toronto £199. Florida £199 or 
£249. W'e book motel* A an 
vcuir need* Your value tor 
money is In our unique «rve* 
plan, wnie Holden Travel Ltd- 
Loud, mi SWB 2LG. or 01-562 
n8ol <UU 


0 W E3A& n n £64S AurkUnd 
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lands. Algarve . VHIas. APT* 
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wain-sports Beech hotel £265 
lor 7 rooliK F 8 Ring Angela 
on Ol - 631 3060 Peler Stuyve 
sanl Travel ABTA. ATOL 


Unfits e g RHi £495 Unu 
£475 Tin Also Small Group 
Holiday Journey s JLA 01-747- 


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low cost fliqni experts Europe 
« Worldwide Freedom 

Holidays 01 741 4686 ATOL 
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DISCOUNTS 1*1 Economy Uck 
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1491 FUGHTBOOKERS 01387 


Worldwide cheapest fares. 
Richmond Travel. 1 Duke St 
Richmond ABTA 01-940 4073. 
Flights from mosi UK airport*. 
Many Late special offer*. Faldor 
OJ 471 0047 ATOL 1640 
TUNISIA For mat perfect holiday 
wuh sunny days 8 carefree nl* 
Ideal Spring Summer Tunisian 
Travel 01-373 aau 
Bargain* from £155 mr. M BA 
tree waiercpons Hoi Turkey. 
01-326 1005 

USA. N York £159 Miami £198 
LA £249 rtn Also Cheapest 
schedule fit on miwr US cam 
,1V Ol 584 7371 ABTA 
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5 YD ' MEL £618 Perth £545 AU 
maior earner* lo ALS KZ. 01 
584 7371 ABTA 
Ol 584 7371 ABTA 


























01-373 5095/8406 (24drsr. 



01 542 4066 

l Emm 19701 


N Yci.-k . £7-9 i'buro -'£iN 
-.ciAr.c CJS9 ; Nd'isbi 
Sydior £i?<9 *. Bcr.gVos' C33v 
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suHwmm trmb itsro nan 

53 Saga & Eton. 




“Book SBamrrr 


16 4 ]wk. 2wk* £159 

18 4 lurk £159 2wk* £189 

2S. -4 Iwk £159. 2»k* £189 

23/4 t «% £179. 2 tu £199 
S.'C B+B. tonofl Tawa + 

(0923) 77T2B6/778344 

ntswar HOUDAYS 
Rich man worth. Herts 


Sj\c with Swissair’s 
Super Apc.v 
London to Zurich or 
Genova daily on con- 
veniem afternoon 

And daily morning 
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Slay m Swiizcrijnd al 
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Similar savings also 
from Manchesier and 
Birmingham direci to 

Book mgs n nd lull con- 
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aaerus or 0M379S73. 




Close to Baker StreeL stunning 3 
bedroom. 3 bathroom Flat in pres- 
tige. poriered block. 2 urge 
reception rms, Inlerior designed- 
immaculate. £550 per week incl. 

Hyde Park, Office: 01-262 5060 

Wide renge of quality lurrusned 
ana unfurnished pmpBfly 
• Full Management Service 


• Lega'Tax Advice. 

• Pef5otia1ised Service through 
7 computer linked odices 


A rare opportunity to rent a de- 
lightful mews Howe with dble 
garage, in peaceful surroun dings 
yei less than a minutes walk from 
the King's Road. 3 dble-, I sgte. 
beds., drawing rm. leading to pret- 
ty patio, dining rm., well fid. kiL, 2 
baths., shwr. rm_ dlcrnL, utility 
rm.. well furnished. £500 p. wk. 

Chelsea Office 01-589 5211 

For the best 
selection of tine 



in prime London areas. 

| Confuef ftoacm&ry Katrihur. 

CLAI9UM Nkt 3 bMroonwd 
hou*r. urw. very nicety fur- 
luwd Availa ble l«l May 
Long Lei £200 pw 
TOLWORTH Large 5 bed Koine, 
toe lounge, huge aartten. on a 

parking lor 3 ears Nr Kingston 
bywK i A3i £160 pw 
pm n lea 3 bed fully 111 houve. 
Close lo CUbM. £226 pw 


M 827 9171. 

ler London* best Mtccban of 
luxury flats and homes for dis- 
cerning tenants. Rtng now. Ol- 
581 5136 

F.W.GAFP iManaomenl Servlcesi 
Lid require properties in central 
souin and west London areas 
far walling apptKrant. 01-221 ■ 

MAYFAIR, Wl Lux sen cont'd 
turn flat 1 large b e droom, en 
suite bathroom, rerep. kitchen, 
fully equipped £200 pw. Tel- 
629 2546. 

NWS. Attractive 1 bed torn nal 
Lgr rarep wwh open plan kil. » 
marn Newly fined bam rm 
Gas CH. Entry phone. Co lei 

only EI6Opw.0I 7236150<T> 

ST JOHNS WOOD Luxury 2 (Mu 
Mr bedroom flal. very nr lube, 
small p.n. block . £270 p.w Long 
company let only. TeTdS53 
1196-6346 8009 

lux flats, houvec up to £500 
p w. iwal fees req. PWUUH 
Kay & Lewis South of the Park. 
Chetsea office. 01 352 8111 or 
North M Uie Park. Regent's 
Park oft ice. 01 722 5136. 

KENSINGTON WS An exception- 
ally bnglu and spadous unfurn 
hub. Newly dee 2 Me beds, 
large living room. kIL b u ll 
room. balh. cloakroom. 2 Hfco- 
mes. porterage 280 pw mr CM 
A CHW Barge*, 724 3160. 

KYRLC HD BWlt Large Mtrac 
nve family home for Mg NL 4 
beds. 2 baths, dlbe rocs*. «ccek 
lent UHchen. «rtm. msl 

f urn Hide new. C27B gw. John 
HoUmgswarDi 736 6406. 

newly decorated . a dble bed- 
rooms. 2 ba th roo ms - 2 
reception rooms. Kitchen wilh 
dining area. Available new 
£400 per week. CH/CHW me. 
Henry 3 Jones Ol 335 8861. 
CHISWICK Lae luxury flat Over- 
looking Park. D ecently 
modernised 5 decorated 5-4 
beds. GCH A garden. Close 
IT 8R Sharing turn £160 pw 
end Tel. 940-9089 le/wi 
inn mews me. nose SMane Sa. 
Spacious sintno. dmwg rm. 3 
bed*, mod hit. bath rm. garage 
Avan now long let. £650 pw. 
Masked* Ol 581 2216. 

WX4 - Really pretty- spawous 
House meal for 5 sharer* all 
with own room al £50 pw each 
■ Total C2SO pwi 2 bams All 
machine*. Excefteni vahie 
Long lei BucTvuum- 35i 7767 
currenlly seeking good quality accommodation In 
ceniral London for watting 
company (munis Ol 95T 9681 
BAVSWATER W2 Stsbsli 1 bed 
designer hoiee with garage in 
new period style Mews. Avail 
now. Long co let. £150 pw. Bu- 
chanans 351 7767 
I bed * c Exec AM fully 
fum equipped. CM tv. icL ml 
phone. £150 pw Inc maid sen.. 
398 6397. <TI. 






Leningfi Management 

01' 351 7767 


Newly modernised 
beautifully Inlerior 
designed 2 bed roomed 
flat with brand new 
fully fitted kitchen, an- 
ting room, dining room, 
bathroom, wc. patio 
garden. £295pw. Philip 
Andrews 01-486 5991. 

MONTAQU SO Wl. Stunning 
matsmene in efepam mar. 
overlooking garden sq Fur- 
nished and equipped to very 
hnh standard Large room wuh 
dimiM area, maun bedroom 
hiinen suuebaui. 2 flutter bed- 
rooms ana srperaie shower 
room, full* fined kitchen with 
all mac runes Company let only. 
£500 pw Ol 723 6160 <TI. 

stvs KOesmsTtm tut ot #*- 
spacious ground floor nal. 3 
bedroom*. 2 balh*. In mg room, 
dimna room iiichm. hallway, 
f pkace. semi- fur ntshm. carpel- 
ed. all modern appliances. 
Open* own 3 acre* of private 
garden. Ideal fn family Corpo- 
rate let t year plus. £400 p.w. 
TH 01 530 2390 No agents. 


Spacious 1 bed flal overlooking 
garden square, receb. ft klL 
bath £175 nwneo Please con- 
tact Suzanne Conway al 
Saunders of Kensington on 581 

CLAPHAM Brand new 3 bed 
house ueM3. dstiarmaionty 
£3d. £dOf*ctl Total £120 pw. 
Company let esoennaL Buchan- 
an* 361 7767. 

EALING. Magntflcanf 3 bed Gear- 
with artglnM 

creep and Duong room. UR gar- 
den. £ 300 pw: Ol 244 7363. 

■nanuon flat 28 - roc rm. bam*- 
sty. 2 dbtebeos. 2 bathe. 1/1 U. 
Loop CD M. £330 PW. SAIBUM 
A Go 736 5000. 

B n ratr oomed luxury boose to 
leL large wmu room targe gar 

M. £600 p.w. * rata. 01-476 

HAMPSTEAD. Suer ta AM. 2 
beds, wood paneled woom 
lounge- new f,f kitchen. Close 
to noopott. £188 P-w. TMe- 
phone 01-431 1263. 

terrace, fuel rigor balcony flaL 
bane living room, double bed- 
room. nicety furnhhed. CH. 
£146 PW Tel. 07S3 883524. 
W12 CENTRAL. 3 rum. unfurn 
nts 4 bed nt £220pw. I bed fit 

£120pw studio m £8Spw. Co 
let. CH. Nice view*, lux stan- 
dard 740 9350 day eve 
AMERICAN Bank urgently re- 
quire* luxury fiat* and houses 
from £200 ■ £1.000 pw Ring 
Burge* EUaie Agnus 581 5136 
•RIGHT attractive one bed rm. 
* c flal in best part Putney IT Ch 
available tor 6 months £96 pw 
Day 940 2266 1 eves' 788 1820- 
EAUNG W5 Attractive a bed 
town house available now tor 
munmum l year at £200 
p-w.946 9447 

FULHAM. Deughlful milage 
Rete*. k if diner, all math. Se- 
cluded gdn Co let £165 pw. 
Tel. run 736 1076/351 5856 
nCHRURY interior designed 
on mac « ‘5 bralrm home with 
immense character and lovely 
gdn. £250 pw. 240 7988. 
HtGNGATE Wi l l A RP . Danish 
high lech style spill level I 
bedrm flat with view* £125 
pw. 240 7989 'll. 

Card ale 
_ Groves 

Saccaarta 5fft«W tw Min «■*«» 
mk femsufl Baldin' IpgRn ■*] 
ce— xa at tj tut. aqini d —gra. 

Wtw. * tut to — MU . 1 
b tf nemnx f X. 2 Dmstwns. staw 
•ooni. jbszb. Ebak nom. sW non 

"^^AM WT 


K MEWED Prop c a ms bb vVL 
an uSpi, Mi Mnm. 
bMMMV 2 



avbd A reqd for dMomats. 
erucutnea. Long A short Jets In 
ati areas. Unfriend A Co. 48. 
Albemarle St Wl. 01-499 6334. 

Yisnms LONDON? ADen Bale* 
6 Co hate a large selection of 
flats and houses avaUatrte for l 
week * from £2O0pw. 499 

HAMPSTEAD oozing with Charm 
A character. 3 bed 2 bath flat 
wnnsun I err. £285 pw. Nathan 
Wilson A Co. 794 1161. 

Kensington Fully serviced flat 
tor S. Lift Phone. CM TV. CH 
elc til 684 2414/786 4281. 

SWI newly dec and fum rial in 
Laura AKhtey Ryle. 
Rrcep -dining. 2 bed*, kn. batn. 
£200 pw Gooses 01828 8251. 

SW11 5 minute* Ctephara Jnct 
BR. 2 beds. CH. mod. new. 
£100 pw Usual reft req. Beil 
Son A Co. 228 4116. 


Superb Itghi newly decorated 
flat: 3 bed*. 2 baths, large recep- 
tion room, dining tan. -study, 
excellent Kitchen, utility room, 
access to continual gardens. 
£550 per week. Tel Henry A 
James 01 23S 8861. 

walk. 2 beds. 2 baths. 2 iron*, 
new rrfurtiXZZSpw. 9379681. 
CHELSEA tBKL! bed. 2 nmo. parklna. £215 pw 
CH 6 HW incL 01-391 6639. 
CHELSEA Spaonos MX balcony 
flat Owe bedrm. we ep. B its, 
porter*. Long WL 622-5825. 
CHISWICK 2 bedim flat Kids, 
pet* ok Only ClOO pw. Other* 
627 2610 Hometocattn. 
EASTCta HOUSE d bedims. CH 
KM» Ok. £1 20 PW. Oflim IPO. 

627 2610 HomefocMor*. 
ruTSMIHa, -abort -hmg ten. 
ati areas. London ApartmenB 
interna laonaL Ol 244 7363 
lux CM flat. Tube (O nun. Soft 
prof Couple. £90 pw. B83 0368 
2 bath*, garden, quiet street 
. New refurtt£625pw.937 9681. 
KEHSMOTOH DWe bedRL redec. 
Only £60 pw Others 627 2610 

MHU. HILL HW7 FUty fum 1 bed 
flat, an amenttif*. Tel: Ol 909 
3038 after 6pm A w*ends. 

NW DWe ftartrt %/e. phone. £99 
pw. other* too. 627 2610 

NW FLAT Nr tube, telephone, ga- 
rage. £69 pw. Other* 627 2610 
HofiM-Mcaiors 7 day*. 
PfCADtLLY UNE SttxUO suit ran- 
pie. £65 pw. Others loo 627 
2610 Hometocators. 

ST JAMES’ lux rood tam Radio 
flat, k a b. IUL avail tmmed. 
£120 pw all UK3. 437 7619. 
ST JOHN'S WD me quiet lux turn 
mafev- 2 , 3 bed. 2 . l roc. kit/ din. 
t»T ♦. £231 PW. 722-4444. 
Wl QABDEN FLAT, fum + mini 
2 able bedims Kll etc £250 
pw TNT 1034282) 4307. 

WEST END FLAT 1 bedrm. 
recent. £85 pw others doc. 627 
2610 Hamctoratan. 
WIMBLEDON Prof M. n.'S. n 
share lux 2 bed gdn OaL £49 
pw exr Mils. 947 6168 eve*. 
msitrd 2 bed. lounge, k A b. Co. 
Lei £380 pem. 9467340. 

VYIBX RO. SWU imcnor oe- 
agned 4 bed hqu*e. 2 rteep. 
2 baWn. g6n Long Co la. 

new 6ih ftoor flal m web tmr 
btork. DM* tone. 2 Me 
DML bam Ml W»U run Woe* 
□Me imp. 2 OMr bed*. Bath 
+ rtkrm. C ft c.n w me. 
Long Co Let £390 pw 

Selection of superbly immer 
deMgncd 1.2. + 3 bed flats. 
From £650 to £1200 p.w. 
Min 3 month* Co let 
Thet I* wet a sele ction of our 
pro p ertiri Pkur give m a 
ran because- we ran help rou 
a your search For a home in 
London. ■ 

01 244 7441 
fax 01 244 7565 

1 bed ft-x to exccllem decora- 
tive order, fulty f u rnltad lo 
very IHgh standard. GCH. FuRy 
ruled kUOMi Company let pre- 
ferred. £200 pw me. TeL 01 
603 2040 x 2182. or 01-846 
0062 eves. 

get or luxury aMs- Sbon lets. 
Central Loudon, oi 939-2412. 

Quality taro I tend flats and 

Houses ip ram to all anas. 
Hunters 837-7365 

have quality pr o pert ie s In all ar- 
eas IP let «37 0821. 

PAKK ST Wl Spacious house fur 
ntstied and decorated to a htgb 

MnitanL 4 bedroom*, g large 

reception rooms, study. 2 bain- 
roams. sep elks, kachen wtOa afl 
machine*, the basement floor 
makes an Ideal staff flal wHfi 1 
bed. I recent, kticfwn and bath- 
room. Available now. £576 per 
week CH CHW ad. Henry A 
James Ol 236 8861. 

ST JOHNS WOOD 600 yards 
American School. Imfum. 3 
beds wfUi twun in warttrotws- 2 
bath* with Showers. Cloak- 
room. Kll Chen 22X14". Ml 
apguances. Breakfast bar. Two 
mtercem ncceps 34*xi9'. Park- 
ing £340 pw. Crouch & Lee. 
01-493 9941. 

PfMLKO SWI Stunning 2 bM 
flat overtookmg garden sq uar e 
Avail now. Long co kL £200 
pw. Buchanan* 3SI 7767. 

•MUC Lux funusfted 1 bed Oaf 
Easy access to town Sun non 
smoking prof couple or 3 
sharer*. £U6pw. 01 -673 4773 

top oat DM burro, rrcep. k * n. 
Puny ftanfstsetf. £«60pw. 3/6 
moults. 01-937 0234 

937 96X1 The number to ran e m 
her when seeking best rental 
bropertte* In central and prone 
London areas £15O/£2JM0 pw. 

Spacious 5 bed. 2 bath fmmar 
family house. £340pw. nnmed 
OCC Priory 01-940 4556. 

Oats A House* hi central Lon 
don Long* short tet* Selected 
FIN*. 486 8878. 

WL1 s.-c I I charming, bgtu. snr 
ojo tut. JUoopw. salt angle 
bcnon-SG. BOLAND LTD. 01 
221 2615 

W14. 1 bed AM Wtm w.nuch. to 
brand new conversion. 3 nmo 
lube. Oiofce of 4. £120 pw. Co 
tet only 937 9683. 

W-KENSmCTOM. Lux * b f-f 2 
bedrm flat CH Off st parking, 
dose tube. £140 p.w. Tol Ol 
231 0750 hlay) 

Ken. Spectacular 1 dM«/r OaL 
New Fum for Co tra £igs pw 
rw: 0293-27866 Or EKH 

newly dec- r.f- P b. Nudio BaL 

£l lO P W TeL 0622-843245 

bhone- only £40 pw. oraos 
627 2610 Homciocaaora. 

CHELSEA. Newtyoe ui r f ito d turn 
boiBe. 3 be«L £B26 pw. Andre 
Lanauvra: Ol 22B 0392. 


MMtm S400 IMW £3Jl 

FtMtnwi 1400 banftJ Eioo 

logos E3® Jorum Et® 

Momm £400 Karat*, £280 

tkntun EZtSO Kii/Sx £4*5 

Bangtaw Ott Kami 

Bam, -Dal £335 NYtek M 

Cm £240 Swi £73} 

Cawrtn £430 SjdAW W» 

Dmuscos £270 Town 1570 

smOHfi TaflVB. LTD 
T* 11-439 331 


For A Fare Deal 

01 631 0167 

Aqhos Alo> 1B93 


Nairotn. Jo'Bmg. Cunt. Do- 
fat. rtunhui. Singapore. K.L 
DcUil BauwkoIvrHoiK Koog. 
Svdbcy. Europe. & The 
Americas. Flamingo Travel. 
3 Nen Quebec Sl Martle 
Ardi London W/H TDD. 

01-402 92I7/IS/I9 

Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 




.SUN...SUN... i 

1674 1 «k £99 \ 
23,4 1 wh £109 

Tel Mr 14,4 
16 74 

Malaga 13 4 


Palau 21 4 


1 Wk 
1 wft 

1 Wk 

2 wks 
I us 


M sohKW Id aflzi 




£109 'A 




01 4869356 

■ ATOL 1324 ' •- 


Pm £5 5 h Kong £4711 
Framdur* CM *1 *** C198 

Lagoa EMO la/sf rgas 
Na«Obi £330 Mm, £190 
JO-Ouig KM 5oaqapora£ai0 

Caro £205 Bangkok £345 
mm £335 SjtHwy £540 
Bonpjy £335 Perm £585 

Fta ee wrftn or Mfptoaa 


21, SwaBow SL Lemta Wl 

01-139 2100/437 0537 , 




every' Thursday 

■ • FTom-May 17 • 

■ '• FLYDRiVE i 



stngte rattan 
ATin'Har £3CB £466 

rtrowbl £220 £329 

Cairo £130 £200 

Laooa £256 £355 

Del, Bon £230 £340 

Bangkok «* £399 

Domna £420 

Afro Asian Travel Lid 

169.-168 Regent 5* W I. 
TELi 91-437 828B/6/7/1 


i Vfllas¥fitha"| 

| magic touch | 

beautiful view. What 
more couU you wane? 
Choose from Tuscany, 
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i ’ ! 1 - 1 

Douglas shaping 
up to claim the 
title he deserves 

_ _ _ m -7—1 f* ■ — irraniufant PTOSOB 




From a Spedx) CterespawfeaL 
Sweden. d*o se H) win over Douglas's qupra 
■ holders. 

France, the tide hokierv OT 
Toesdav night was one ottne 
most impressive team perfor- 
mances- seen -m the European 
championships, look strong 
favourites io complete a treote 
of men’s singles attes whenjhe 
individual events start today 

after yesterday’s rest day. 

The Swedes, after onntting 
Ulf Bengtsson, the European 
champion, before thev came. 

were able to win the final 
without selecting his prede- 
cessor. the 1982 European 
Champion, Mikael Appdgrcn. 
Even Europe’s No L Jan-Ove 
Waldner. has been used o nly 
intermittently. So strong in 
depth is their squad that all their 
players should still be reason- 
ably fresh at a nine when many 
from other countries are nearing 
the end of their tether. 

It was this that caused such 
surprises last time in Moscow 
and which is also going to make 
it hard for Jacques Secretin, ol 
France, or Andrzej Grubba. Of 
Poland, to pick themselves up 
after their colossal efforts over 
four days for their country. 

Desmond Douglas, of En- 
gland, has played only 12 games 
while England were gaini n g 
promotion to the top category. 

Douglas 5 quow Has been 
equivalent to ptaytBS about four 
matches m the top category, 
whereas England haw wruaJly 
played eight »n the second 

category. _ 

Tbeiiev*. he is therefore in 
the best shape he has ever ton 
and las the best chance he has 
ever had of winning the title, 
Donald Parker, the England 
captain. said.^Dcs h®s been the 
mosr consistent player in Eu- 
rope in the last decade and 
deserves to get more recognition 

than he does. I bdeve either be 
or one of the Swedes win lake 

The new unofficial women's 
favourite is almost certainly 
rriHa Baiorfi. who tore apart 
tv great defenders, Flmra 
Bu ova. the European Top 
Twelve champion, and Elena 
Kovttm. the Eislish Ofcra 
cham pion, during Hungary's > 
2 win io the final over the title 
hohJers. tire Soviet Union, on 
Tuesday- Batorfi has lost half a 
stonesinccthewcfftd champion* 
ships last year and loops the ball 
pasi her 'opponents with the 
speed and suddenness of a man. 

Joy Grundy, the English na- 
tional champion, has a likely 
second round with another 
seeded Hungarian, Zsuzsa Otab. 

Hull KR face a fearsome programme 

Chairman calls for 
three divisions 

Hnfl Kingston Rovers are 
Stretching every muscle xod 
smew to hang on . to their 
championship title. And CoDa 
Honda, the Rovers duinum, 
has renewed his call Corn three', 
division Rugby League, with 
rewer fixtures -and higher stan- 
dards at the top. When Rovers 
play at Casdeford tomorrow 
they will begin a foal stint of 
seven games in il days, a , 
fearsome programme whifA is 
more than flesh and Wood can be 
ejected to stand. 

Hutton, a former bB hack, 
widi Widnes aid: Hull, says^A 
situation like this degrades the 
championship and makes it a. 
lottery. After eight months of 
str i vin g, everyone at the dob is 
determined to fight mail k is no 
longer mathematically pessRrfe 
to retain the damphwdip, hot 
it is a ernefiing task* had it has 
come about threagb no toll of 
our own 

“We have accumulated toss 
backlog of fixtures for a variety 
of reasons beyond oar control. 
The weather has robbed ns of 
games borne and away and we 
are victims of our own success. 
We have reached the final of 
c*e*y major competition avail- 
able to os 'this season: die 
Yorkshire Cnp, the John Player 
Trophy and now the Challen ge 
Cup after scow-final replay. To 
fit to foe cop ties we hare had to 
postpone more feagne games, yet 
we are told that foe season has to 
fetish on April 22 to order to fit 
fa with: foe preariership play- 
off. We hare tried to rearrange 
games whenever it has been 
brauty possible, but in a 
situation like Air fixtures in- 
evitably pfle up.” 

The programme of sewn 
matches to 11 days is so ardnoas 
that deep down Hutton and 
everyone at Craven Park most 
feel it is too orach. As the Rovers 
chairman commented: “The ctob 




doctor befieres, on evidence and 
experience, that with fofesort of 
schedule of matches players 
trad to pick up more htfaries 
than rsoL Mndes, foameats 
and smews become so feed that 
strains, pofis and streCdbea hap- 
poi much hob readily. Players 
are so _ 

hare' less than 

Hatton 1 -b aware: feat 'foe 
. League emmefi b to a' drift stidk 
orer the qj —s fom of fhetores. 
sfoMe and settled date and foae 

teraii l t dlh rti MHumll 

This b why, on behaff of Hod 
Kingston Roma; he reiterates 
'foe draaad for a-strnctrae of 
force dmsiens. He sen three 
. sections of 10 dubs each, with 
promotion an d relegati on, la foe 
first division there would be only 

18 Leant fixtam and each 
match wwdd be of fo« highest 
standard between teams to the 
top (fight. 

However, , foe int eres t wo uld 
be BMfortstocd throughout the 
leant with chrhs to fee second 
dfrediim and 'at foe top of the 
third division engaged io pranm- 
fom aad-rdegtoton Mes wbkh 
would be crowd-pnliers. A three- 
divisioa system would remove 
the need far cons id erati on of 
another, .fitemtiw to avoid 
backlogs, aa extensioa of the 
season well into May. 

Hutton cites an Australian 
example of foe success of a 
division containing 10 dubs. A 
few years ago die Sydney Com- 
petition had only 10 dubs in it, 
and it Was the most snoressM * 
dub tournament to fee game, 
wife huge crowds and keenly 
fought Dtstcbes- 

. •* 
! ah’ 

Scientists find fault 

Its — 

By Conrad Voss Baric 

An inquiry involving 
government depart 
Environment and Abicuihue.— 
is expected after findings by the 
South West Water Authority 
scientists .of defects in official 
standards of water quality tests. 

The scientists' report last, 
month says that methods used 
to satisfy data required by foe 
Department of the Environ- 
ment. largely based on EEC 
directives op water quality, were 
“quite inadequate" to record an 
“alarming decrease’ 7 in juvenile 
salmon and trout populations 
on both and Torridge and the 
Upper Tamar; . 

Criticized by -local game 
fishermen for lack of action, the 
authority's- scientists spent' JO 
months on an in-depfo inquiry 
and concluded that foe main 
c au ses- of the pollution were 
“land use, agricultural inten- 
sification, reduced flows, and 
pollution from sewage- treat- 
ment works”. 

Because of farm pollution 
large areas pf the Upper Tamar 
and Torridge catchment areas 
are now dead. Op both rivers the 
salmon population now appears 
io depend on moorland rivers 
for survival, and the Tamar is 
fortunate in having two moor- 
land, tributaries, foe Inny and 

I" - 1 * N-u.;* 

r r.- .«*. 

t ’“rrv 

- r -.-» 

s'. ;v Wl '*• 

- r 

winter housing and a swing fir 
hay to. silage. The number ... 
cattle and sheep in the Torridge 
catchment area was equivalent 
to a sewage disposal proMem of 
a town tifnearly 600,000 people. 

The. increased use of farm . f . 
hygiene- chemicals had caused -■ 
algal bloom which was now 
common in ,1*0111 rivers. Not 
only fish had been killed but 
many river-based creatures, 
such as otters and birds. In eight 
years the quality, of water in the 
Upper Tamar area had declined 
from grade 1A (good quality) to 
grade 2 (poor quality, only able 
to support a population of 
coarse fishk- 

A leader in the .Western 
Morning News said it seemed 
astonishing that the Torridge 
and Tamar had been allowed to 
become so polluted. Other areas 
of intensive fanning m. England 
land Wales have similar prob- 
lems: . 

An official at foe headquarters 
of the National Fanners! Union 
told me there was no need for 
silage pollution but blamed the 


• r* . 

. '■v 

talta MIMUMUiW, 4JJV 1I1KIJ <tlHl changes in farm subsidy grants, 
the Lyd. where salmon stocks Phosphate pollution was' hot 
are just about holding their own. caused by farmers, and “there 
A Dartingion Institute survey hte more nitrates in the soil than 
has shown that between 1970 are ever pat on it by farmers**- 
and 1 978foe amount of silage in He sounded a little bn the 
use on farms increased by 300 . defensive, 
per cent Silag£ waste is one of A further embarrassment for 
the most: powerful pollutants water authorities is that they 

known, and even a small quan- 
tity can kill a river. 

In 20 years the number of 
livestock in both areas had 
almost doubled, there had been 
an i ncreas ed useoffertilizerand 
concentrates, an increase in 

onnot carry out their statutory 

duty under the Salmon and 

Freshwater Fisheries Act, 1975, 

to maintain and improve their 

fisheries without wtm would 
amount to a revolution in 
farming practice. 


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Mr Gardiner 
break ice for B 

• home 

* jvftri 

rJJk-i ** 


/ 'Of the newcomers to the 
ranks of trainers no one ha«? 
; made a better start than Lord 
-* • John FitzGerald who hay aj_ 
ready had three winners. To- 
day. though, I expect it to be 
. the. turn of another new boy 
.'Willie Brooks, to break the ire 
.. and steal the limelight. 

After learning the game for 
* seven years, initially under the 
, N 'guidance of Bany Hills and 
. then Paul Cole, Brooks dedd- 
1 ed to take the plunge and 
... - . apply for a licence of his own 
.-to train this year in 
i. ,7 Lam bourn . Brooks has 18 
' horse in his care there -and at 
;; Brighton today I expect Mr 
■ Gardiner to give him his ilrsi 
taste of success by winning the 
'• ‘ Ovingdean Handicap in the 

hands of the champion jockey, 
./■ -.Steve burthen. 

Running for the first time 
-this season at Warwick nine 
‘days agp, Mr Gardiner ea- 
; countered a tough opponent 
^ in the shape of the race-fit 
^ Record Wing, who was both as 
~ hard as nails and fresh from a 
' s ‘ runaway victory over hurdles 

. at Chepstow in March. So, 

x considering that Mr Gardiner 

'*• 'was probably just need of a 
race that day, he was for from 
-.t>. disgraced on ground that was 

testing in the extreme, because- 
be finished well dear of the 
. remainder.. 

* Yesterday Brooks me that 
i 'the four-year-old owned by 
J 'Prince Fahd Salman had tak- 
1 .ien his Warwick race really 
.i well and that be would be 
-disappointed if be was not 
“'-good enough to win this 
- » - afternoon. In the arcum- 
~ stances Mr Gardiner looksa 
1 : spirting nap to give weight 
' ; j* . and a beating to Dbofer, Long 
* Slop, Pellincourt and Icen, 
•: .who is penalised for winning a 
‘ ’Seller at Folkestone. 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

. Cauthen also has more fhgn 
an outside chance of winning 
the Brighton Festival Handi- 
cap as well on Dogmatic, but 1 
just prefer Below Zen, who 
was beaten only a neck by 
Dogmatic at Doncaster last 
October. Below Zero enters 
the fray fit from beating the 
useful Farag at Kempt on 
where the pair of them fin- 
ished well clear of the remain- 
der. Thai is often a good sign. 

Pat Eddery, the former 
. champion jockey, will be mak- 
ing Chepstow faib port of call 
this afternoon, principally to 
ride Tandela and Donnas 
Stream for Jeremy Tree in the 
two divisions of the St Arvans 
Maiden Ffflies’ Stakes. My 
feeling is that both should win, 
although nothing in the world 
would make me back a three- 
year-old filly so early in the 
season when it is as cold as 
this* . . .. 

Last season Tandela shaped 
nicely in her only race at 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: Q Harwood 27 winner* from 
105, nmsfs. 287%; P Cote. 29 from 137. 
21-2%: G PritchBid-Gardon. S Iran 46. 
1 9.6. - - 

JOCKEYS; w R SwMwn. 12 winners 
from S2 rides. 23.1%; S Cauthen, 18 from 


TRAINERS: P Goto, 8 wtnnere from 4B 
runners. 16.7%; R Hannon. 8 from SI, 
t3.1%rLCoarBl,7fioni71.a9%. - 
JOCKEYS: M H9a. 6 wfmwrs from 31 
rides. 184%;AOffiK9 from 50, 18 %; Pat 
Eddery, 8 from 64. 14A 


TRAINERS: A Scott 15 winners from 63 
runners, 23.8%; MH Easiertiy. 24 from 
111, 21.6: B WHnson, 6 from &9.1%. 
JOCKEYS: A Brown, 18 winners from 73, 
rides. 247%; G Bradley. 14 from 68. 
21-2%; R Lamb 19 tranw, 133. 


TRAINBtSt J Henry, 8 winners from 22 
runners. 36.4%; N Hwidereon, 6 from 23, 
25%; B McMahon. 6 from %, 17.1%. 
JOCKEYS; R Hyatt, 7 wbmere from 88 
rides, 207%: U Brennan. 16 fmm 130, 
123%; S Johnson. 9 from 77, 11.7. 

Lingfreld when die finished 
fourth behind Samella Mac. 
Donnas Stream did even bet- 
ter at Newbury second time 
out when she finished sixth 
behind the smart Colorspin in 
the Rochford-Thompson 

Eddery wiD also be expect- 
ing to go well on Corn Street in 
the Mercury Handicap, espe- 
cially as the soft going will be 
just right for the horse. But 
- here I prefer another mudlark, 
Vorvados, who has run well at 
Doncaster and Kempton 

Regular viators to Gosforlh 
Park will be hoping that Peaty 
Sandy, who has won eight 
times already on the course, 
will carry on the good work in 
the Magpies Handicap Chase. 
I can see no reason why be 
should not. Big weights do not 
seem to bother him and nor 
does bottomless ground. Fur- 
thermore he is in form. 

Warwick Suite looks the 
other good bet at Newcastle to 
win the second division of the 
Wallsend Novices' Hurdle on 
the strength of a promising 
run behind Withy Bank there 
at the beginning of March. 
While The Black Sack should 
go well after winning so nicely 
at Carlisle on Easter Monday, 
I still doubt whether be will 
manage to give as much as 
1 31b to Warwick Suite. 

Finally, Solves looks the 
best bet at Southwell to win 
the Star and Garter Handicap 
Chase. When be won the 
High barrow Handicap Chase 
over three and a quarter miles 
at Uttoxeter 10 days ago; 
Solares had Crack A Joke 23 
lengths behind in third place, 
so he should not have any- 
thing to fear from that direc- 
tion again this lima 

. i *■«. „ Si... ... 

The Mighty Mac leads Ryeman (right), the eventual winner, in .Ascot's Peregrine Chase (Photograph: Tommy Hindley) 

Scudamore, Dunwoody in Winter link 

Ascot was rife with rumours 
yesterday that Fred Winter, the 
trainer, may shortly announce a 
new stable jockey. Saturday's 
Grand National winner, Richard 
Dnxmoody, and the current lead- 
ing jockey. Peter Scudamore, 
were the two nam** being men- 

Asked if Dunwoody was to 
join his famous Uplands stable, 
Winter replied: “I don't know, 
ask Dunwoody.*' Dunwoody 
said: “Yob should see Peter 
Scudamore." But the former 
joint-champion would only com- 
ment: "There's certainly been 
talk, but I cannot say anything.” 

When John Francome retired 
last season, the Lam bourn- 
based Winter did not appoint a 
new stable jockey, hot 
Scudamore, currently attached 

to Da rid Nicholson, would be a 
natural successor. After 
Scudamore had won on 
lhaventalight at Sandown a 
fortnight ago. Winter enthused: 
“That was his first ride for me. 
He gave my horse a marvellous 
ride, and it's a pleasure to watch 

Scudamore was aboard Gave 
Brief, the former champion hur- 
dler, when rfae nine-year-old 
made a stunning debut over 
three miles in the Keith Prowse 
Long Distance Hurdle at Ascot 
yesterday, beating Crimson Em- 
bers by six lengths. 

Crimson Embers, who won the 
Waterford Crystal Stayers' 
Hurdle at the Cheltenham Festi- 
val last month, soon took the 
lead and made the rest of the 
naming until Scudamore moved ' 




- -Draw: 

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2Jtt SEVEN DIALS STAKES {3-Y-O: El ,660: GQ (13 nmMtt) 

1 400- BOLD ARCtER (Mbs J Rlcfc) M Ffeatheratone-Godtay 9-0 RHHteTI 

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14 40304-4 TOUTS ALE (Tciy CctftpM Ltd}! Matthews 0-11 ~ — 7 

•• 9-4 806fy. 7-2 BgtagbSan. »2 Tipple Tame. 8-1 Bhtd Archer. 8-tmHvnaor . 10-1 

Tony's Ate. 1 2-1 Catenate Bay. 20-1 others. ... 

• Breton selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Booty. 2-30 Bachagha. 3-OGokl Loft. 130 BetowZera 4J)MS 
•GARDENER (nap). 430Qarcntia. . - - .- .. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2 j 0 Tolly’s Ale. 2.30 Blaze Of Tara. 330 Sove reign Love. 4.0 Icen. 
» Michael Seely’s selection: 330 BELOW. ZERO (nap). 

Going: soft 

Draw: 51-1 m, high numbers best 

O: £888: 1m 2f) (5 runners) 

1 CELTIC DOVE G Price 8-1t JWWana4 

4 MRS SCATTHICASHC Britain 811 G Baxter 1 

5 4 NATIVE HABITAT M Jwv» 8-11 Thre»2 

7 02 SS SANTO MTomptans 8-11 MRbemerS 

9 4- T0ND&A(FR)J Tree 811 Pa! Eddery 3 

11-10 Tondeta. 11-4 Nattm Hrtttat, 100-30 Mrs 
scatfarcash.8-1 S S Santo, 18-1 Getac Dow. 

7 2-38 HOT RULER M Brittain 82 NON-RUNNER 6 

8 008 ROCKHOLD PRINCESS C N watams 82_. W Canon 7 

9 082 FOUL SHOT WMiSSOH 7-9 AMacftayS 

9-4 Foul Shot 81 Notita Hifi, 7-2 Ha Airier, 81 Owl Cast's, 

13-2 Mount Sctnehaflbn, 181 afters. 

3.45 MERCURY HANDICAP (£4,674: 6f) (14) 

1 028 POSTORAGE (DIM McCormack 4-813 JLeech(7)13 

2 438 MANaiSrAR 0)P Matan 89-12 G Baxter 4 

4 840 VORVADOS (D)M Haynes 884 WCnon8 

5 <18 OUARRYVUIE K Bra&sey 3-83 N Adams 6 

Gaje Brief into dose pnraoil at 
the third last. The leading 
jockey pushed his mount ahead 
at the second last and Gaye Brief 
left a high -class field standing. 

“That was thrilling. He lost 
an ofi-fore shoe, hut it didn't 
make any difference and he's 
ne'er been beaten at Ascot," 
Mercy RimdL, the winning 
trainer said. She may now aim 
Gaye Brief at the Scottish or 
French Champion Hurdle. "HI 
have to see what weight he gets." 

Oregon Trail, who gave Si- 
mon Christian, the trainer, his 
first Cheltenham Festival win- 
ner last month, when winning 
the Arkle Chase, turned in 
another courageous performance 
when beating Berlin by one and 
a half lengths In the Golden 
Eagle Novices* Chase. 

Oregon Trail returned with a 
cut in his off-hind leg and 
Christian said: “Mooney told 
me rhar the horse cut himself at 
the first fence in the straight on 
the first circuit and was never 
really going well afterwards. 
However, he is very genuine, and 
would not give in. “ My horse 
came out of Cheltenham very 
welL having only lost four kilos, 
and ! bad planned to run again 
at Cheltenham next week, but 
will probably now retire him for 
the season. He obviously gets 
two and a half miles and is 
qualified for the Embassy 
Chase, which will be his objec- 
tive next season." 

John O’Neill rode one of his 
most vigorus finishes to get 
Ryeman home from Roadster in 
the Peregrine Handicap Chase. 



Zahdam on 
for French 


Guy Harwood. the 
Pulborough trainer, maintained 
his stranglehold on Salisbury's 
2.000 Guineas Trial by saddling 
Zahdam to land the odds by two 
i, lengths from Hard Round 
** yesierday. 

It was Harwood’s fifth success 
in the last six runnings of this 
BBA-spon sored race, but he wall 
not be able to win it next year 
because Salisbury is dropping 
this fixture and replacing it with 
a new one in October in the 
hope of attracting decent late- 
developing two-year-olds. 

Michael Meredith, the clerk 
of the course, said: “This meet- 
ing is badly supported, we are 
running at a loss, and can't keep 
on. We've put up £38.000 in 
prize money today and attracted 
about 1 ,500 customers. 

Zahdam. who was always in 
the first two. settled the issue 
when Grevilie Starkey shook 
him up approaching the final 
furlong. Hard Round, the run- 
ner-up. was the only one of the 
five colts in this race not holding 
the 1000 Guineas engagement. 

Harwood said that he may be 
tempted to run Zahdam in the 
French 2.000 Guineas, follow- 
ing the same course as Recita- 
tion a few years ago. “Zahdam 
obviously likes the soft ground. 
i which is an advantage. He’s a 
lazy wprkcr at home and always 
runs belter on the racecourse 
than I expect. I think he's really 
a mile and a quarter horse." 

After leaving Salisbury. 
n Harwood intends calling at 
d Kempton Park to test the 
d ground. If he finds il “half 
n decent" he will run Dancing 
n Brave, currently second 
T favourite for the 1000 Guineas. 
*■ there tomorrow. 
d Migiyas. the only filly of the 
* four runners in the 1 .(K)0 Guin- 
>' eas Trial not holding the Classic 
k engagement. scored a 
D ihreequarters of a length victory 
over the odds-on favourite, 
f Sweet Adelaide, 
s Migiyas w-as maintaining the 
s fine form of her trainer. Paul 
f cole, whose last four runners 
- have all been winners. Cole said: 

“She's not in the Guineas 
s because I don't think she's good 
t enough, but she's very fit and 
n stuck od well. In fact this trip is a 
bit short for her. 

Chepstow selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Tondela. 2.45 Meibury Lad. 3-15 Foul Shot. 
3.45 Vorvados 4.15 Donnas Dream. 4.45 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Native Habhal.3.15 Foul ShoL 3.45 
Reveille. 4.1S Countless Countess. 

£1 ,01ft 51) (11) 

ARAPlTI K Brassey 80 

BRU6HFDRD L Cottral 80 


DUM0N0 FLIGHT R Hannon 80 



DOUBLE TALK H 0*Nefl 811 

SHARPHAVBIM Britain 811 _ 
SWALLOW BAY DH Jones 81 1_ 

— S WMmrtiS 

U MBi2 

, J Damn J1) 10 

Pat&Wmj 11 

W Canon 1 

N Cart* 4 

O Better 5 


A Out 8 

K Parlay 3 


Sharpbaven. 3-1 Mefeury Lad. 7-2 ArepitL 11-2 

4 4-40 VORVADOS (D)M Haynes 884 WCnon8 

5 418 QUARRYVILLE K Brassay 3-83 N Adams 6 

5 34-0 00RN STREET (C) J Bosley 880 Pei Eddery 12 

7 118 PRINCE SKY PI P Cote 8813 TQtfcnl 

6 800 BRAMTON GRACE W Wharton 4-813 — 11 

9 800 CRETE CARGO (C) M Francis 3-812 Paul Eddery 2 

It 208 BAY PRESTO (B) K Brassq 4-86 SWIMamrthlO 

12 322- DERRY RTVER LCoctreil 5-85 M«a7 

13 082 REVEILLE (DtMJarvs 4-83 T Ives 14 

14 008 PAWLEY'S GIRL RHoMnsItead 880 W Ryan 9 

16 080 ROBROBiQL Conrad 87-9 N Curtate 5 

17 308 ELMDON (819 L CottraD 87-7 T Lang (7) 3 

7-2 Reveille. 82 VOrvados, 11-2 Prime Sky. 7-1 

Mattentas; Postoragn. 81 Com Street 181 Quarryvfle. 12-1 
Deny River, 181 often. 

D.E893: 1m 2f) (6) 

1 2 COUNTLESS COUNTESS RJVffiams 811 ._Thws 5 

2 48 DONNAS DREAM J Tree 811 PM Eddery 1 

4 8 FLAMING DANGER J Winter 811 W Conran 6 


8 8 MYCENBE CHERRY GMigg 811 Paul Eddery 4 

10 TUDOR I70R A James 811 M H8b3 

.811 Donnas Dream. 11-4 Myoenee Cherry. 81 Flanrng 
Pancar. 12-1 Countless Countess. 20-1 Longnver Lady. Tudor 

4.45 ST LEONARD HANDICAP (£1,383: 7f) (15) 

1 800 W MCGREGOR H ONefl 4-180 GBaatar2 

3 803 LEMELASOR (BOOK Jones 886 _DWmoras (7) 7 

5 480 MEL'S CHOKE (6) MBrUtaln 884 K Parley 8 

9 008 TALK OF GLORY PI L Camel S813 N Curtate 5 

10 028 MISTER PRELUDE CJI« 8812 J Dacosta (7) 14 

It 2041 SMGLE WWjghtman 4-812 Pal Eddery 6 

12 084 CHAISE LONGUE H ONett 4-89 SWNhMtft15 

14 308 GAUHERMBtanshard886 N Adame 1 

15 380 REST AND WELCOME G Baking *82 T Quran 9 

16 008 ARTISTIC CHAMPION M Pipe 380 — Part Eddery 13 

T7 8 FABDALE L CoWBl 87-13 TLmtg(7)10 

18 008 MSTA SPOOF JPerratt 87-11 R Street 12 

19 408 SHAHASAR R HoKer 87-11 A Proud 4 

20 008 SANTELLA PAL (USANC) L CottrpB 87-1 1 _ M HBs 11 

23 000/ TORTS NAP HAM WRWNems 87-6 N Howe 3 

11-4 Lemelasor, 82 Rest And Welcome, 1 1-2 Saigle. 81 
Mars Choice. 81 Mater Prelude, Chaise Longue, 181 
Sharasar, 181 Gaiftar. 181 others. 

Going: heavy 

120yd) (10) 

3 01 READY TOKEN (SWq A Smith 81 1-1 — 

5 HJ0 CANDY CONE R Brew® 811-0 A Stringer 


10 3/0P ISLE OF HALF D McCain 811-0 KDootan 

11 -330 OWEN HERBERT BWAmson 81 1-0 G Harter (4) 

13 048 RITAS LOVE Denys Smith 81 1-0—. C Grant 

18 l=0U4 TREVELLO I Jordon 811-0 G Martin 

22 -223 NOUANNA T Datestty 8189 - 8 Storey 

23 -000 RIBBONS OF BUJE M Navghton 8IM - MHemmoad 

27 0U KERB1EM (B) J Wfcon 4-182. MDyer 

11-4 Fdnchurch Colony, 7-2 N^arma. 4-1 Beady Token. 81 
Rbbons Ol Bfcre. 81 Hites Love. 181 Trevelo. 12-1 Owen 
Hertjart, 181 others. 

Newcastle selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Ready Token. 2.30 Tullamarine. 3.0 Warwick 
Suite. 3.30 Peaty Sandy. 4.0 Dover. 4.30 Secret 

(£1,104: 3m) (9) 

1 2221 TULLAMARINE G Richanfc 811-12 N Doughty 

2 0021 ARDE5EE D Moorhead 811-6 M Hammond 

4 0012 RANDOMLY (DHBF) C J Be9 7-11-6 M Meagher 

5 033P SHINMG BANN (D) RW Johnson 

11-11-1 MrP Johnson (7) 

6 -PP0 DAN DDR E H Robson 811-0 Mr T Reed 

9 0F0P UARACAS BAT N Waggon 1811-0 Ifiss T Waggon (7) 

11FPPP MUST arw A Stephenson 811-0— ~RLatnh 

12 UR SEAL MOON J Reotern 81 1-0 S Charlton 

13 0/DU INDIAN RETREAT I Turnbull 7-189 JK Krone 

84 Randomly. 10830 TuBamarine. 82 Ardesee. 81 

Sterang Bonn, 81 Indian Retreat, 12-1 Don d'Or, 14-1 others 

120 yd) (12) 

. 2 0000 BORLEAFRAS D Moffett 811-6 KTeelan 

3 0021 THE BLACK SACK W Elsey 811-6 A Brawn 

IT 08P MHjHTY SUPREMO (USA) J Mrtehet 811-0. □ Condeti 

13 o Sn KING COLED Daring 811-0 Mr O Daring 

17 0000 RIOVKiO W A Siepnenson 81 1-0~... K Jones 

19 0 WORTHY KNIGHT B McLean 811-0 R Eamsiuw 

20 0301 BABSLADG Morgan 4-1813 K Ryan (7) 

21 2010 YEUOW BEAR J Partes 4-1813 Mr A Orkney (7) 

25 0 HOME FRONT M Anson 4-187 MDywer 

28 3 WARWICK SURE (B) M Nangmon 4-187 M Kammood 

29 WELL INFORMED CJ Bel 4-187 M Meagher 

30 D FENCAUNA A Scon 4-182 B Storey 

82 The Black Sack. 8i Warwick State. 4-1 Yellow Bear. 8 

1 Babsiad. 81 Borieatras. 181 Old King Cote. 14-1 (tango. 18 
1 others. 

3.30 MAGPIES HANDICAP CHASE (£1,932: 3m) (9) 

1 0141 PEATY SANDY (C-D) Mbs H Hantton 

1812-7MTA Dudgeon 

3 3U0P GRINDERS (OE Carter 811-1 — 

6 2301 LITTLE FRENCHMAN (D)E Rotoon 181810 (6e>1 — 

9 3004 CASA KlflPE |D)D Lee 11-182 JJOHeid 

11 10PF PRHCE SANTIAGO (UGAHC-01 Denys Smth 

7-10-0 COnmt 

14 0600 SI LENT VALLEY (FR) I Jordon 13-180 G Martel 

16 -2FU COOL MAGIC (DIFJestr 8180 0 Nolan 

19 2UFP SLASHER G Faibam 12-180 B Srorey 

20 0FIS W1LL0WBURN (C-O) R Brews 12-180 A SMnger 

Evens Peaty Sardv. 7-2 Little Frenchman, 81 Prince 

Santiago. 81 WdtowDum. 12-1 Casa Knpe, 181 others. 

2 m 120yd) (6) 

2 33F1 GOWAN HOUSE W A Stephenson 7-11-12 R Lamb 

3 34F1 ANOTHER HALF D McCan 81 1-6 KDootan 

9 3000 DOVER MH Easiertiy 811-0 JJONett 

10 0442 HIGH DROP F Storey 81 1-0 B Storey 

11 00 FU LOCHAR BRIG JHeitans 7-1 1-0 Mr T Real 

13 F MAHEGASRELLE Lady Arm Bowlby 1810-9 — 

11-8 Gowan House, 81 Dover. 81 High Drop. 81 Another 
HaH. 12-1 Lochar Bug. 181 Marie Gabrialfe 


1 0010 ROMAN DIEK (C-O) J Chariton 811-10_. R Eteitshaw 

3 108 KATIE MAC (DJGRicrwito 81 1-0 NDooghly 

4 0214 JACK OF CLUBS (C-D) B McLean 811-0.— G Bradley 

5 21 -F BARRON JUUJSP)J Glover 81810 — 

6 14F4 SECRET WALK W A Stapnenssn 8188 RLsmb 

8 F023 JOHNSTON'S BABY (B)E Alston 7-187 — KDooian 

9 0200 GRANGEHOXp) McsG Rees 11-183 Mr P Dennis (4) 
186 Secret Waft, 7-2 Granger*. 4-1 Jack Ol CJubs, 81 

Johnson's Baby. 81 Barron Jukus. 181 Roman Dusk 

Results from yesterday’s three meetings 


Going: good to soli 

2.0 (1ml BOWL OVER (G Baxter. 81k 2. 
EhvadhnerA Murray. 7-4 favl: 3. Modena 
Reef (Pal Eddety. 7-l>. ALSO RAN; 11-4 
Atxomtos (4ftl, 12 Strive (5th). 33 Saxon 
Bazaar (6ftk 6 ran. st> hd. W. 2L 2K-1. 4L P 
Maun at Marlow own Tote: E4.38. £3^0. 
21 SO. DF: 24 JO. CSF: E12S4. 1 mm 50.11 

2J0 (7f) 1. MIGIYAS (T Outon. 7 -2k 2. 
Sweet Adelaide (B Thomson. 4-7 fav): 3. 
Shcreeke (A Murray. 7-2). ALSO RAN-.- 20 
Lady WmdrrHB (4ttik 4 ran kl,2L5L PCote 
a Whatcombe- Toie: ES.10. DF: 22.00. 
CSF: £660 1 min 34 49 see. 

3.0 (7fl 1. ZAHDAM (G Starkey. 811 tetri: 
Z Hard Round (5 Cauthen. 81); 3. Stt This 
One Oat (W Carson. 2-1). ALSO RAN: 7 
FamcomttolSth). 16 AIDiwan(4fh). 5Ran. 
2L 5L 151. 2Yil. G Harwood at Putoorouoh. 
Tote: 21.70: £1. 10. 22m DF: E7 00. CSF' 
ET 22. 1 mm 31.64 sec. 

3J0 (69 1. WHJ. GEORGE (P Cook. 84 
fav); 2. Shades ol Bkre (R Cochrane. 8U; 
3. Lady Natively (T Quinn, 12-1) ALSO 
RAN. 9-2 Hokusan (4ft), 12 Mr Rose. 
Tanewasier. 16 Ideoitjs (6th). 25 Lottie 
(5th). 6 Ran. sh hd. 41. V.L 151. nk, C 
Morgan at Bitfmgbaar. Tote: £160: 21 10. 
52.98 5220. VF' E830 CSF: £985. Irwn 
18.63 sec 

4 J) (5f) 1. STEPHENS SONG (S Dawson. 
1 1-21, 2. Fountain Bells (L Jones. 281L 3. 
Ote Flo(G Durtlald. 4-1) ALSO RAN. 2 lav 
Sttzcarrakto. 11-2 LrDerton Brae (4ft), 12 
Paropo (6th). 14 Mister March. 16 No 
Jazz (5th). 8 Ran. \\. 6J. 2bl. 'j, L 1SI. N 
VUjore at Upper Lamtioum. Tote: £7 7ft 
£180, £328 £1.50. OF: £103.10. CSF- 
£89.80. hu tone- 1m 04 41 sacs. After 
stewards inquiry and objection the result 
remained unafiered. 

420 rim 2f) 1. GESEDEH fW Carson. 2-1 
tavt; 2. Farewell To Love (PHI Eddery. 4- 

RAN.- 5 Annebeilna (4WJ. 14 Battle Fleet. 
Thartta. K Mffanoi Ventura (6thL 33 
Usakaiy (5th) 8 RAN. 121. 31. 2''il. 12). 41. 
M Jarvis at Newmarket. Tore. £330: 
£180. £140. £140. DF: £10.80. CSF: 
£10.62. 2 mm 1523 sec. 

Placepot £2,455 

Haydock Park 

Oolng; oooo to soft 
2.1lri(n4byd) 1. HIGHOALE (W Hayes. 
33-n 1 Tit warm (S Keigftttoy. 81k 3. 
Oulcfc Fling (J Wiftams. 81 (ay! 4. Pokey 
(M Hlndtey. 81L ALSO RAN: 7 Avraeas, 
Branksome Towers. Mondare Trophy. 8 
Lady Grin. Spoil For Chaco. 12 
Caaenatte. Falrgrean [Sih). 20 Composer. 
Draamcoat. Royal Export (5thL Te^ay. 25 
Scoop The Kitty, 33 Aranoa D Ora. 17 ran 

Chettannam. Tote- £90.00; £830. £1.20, 
£260. £3.00. DF: £68.40. CSF: £279.06. 
Tncast £ 1215 . 73 . 1 rmn 5539 sec. no 
Md. Withdrawn- Mss Apex - i0p deduc- 
tion n the pound. 

2.45 Ilm 41) t. MUR FAX (D McKeown. 
181k 2. Tap 'em Twice (T Ives. 10830 
lav): 3. Free To Go |M Mater. 81). ALSO 
RAN: 6 Disopto. Recharge (6tTO- Vistula. 7 
Touch ol Luck. 14 Shake The King. 16 
Raisa billion. Ryans Dove, 20 Madam 
Gerard (4tni. Scholar. 25 Ragabury (5ft). 
33 Easy Km. Haddak. Lady Annger. Lush 
Path. MarcetTma. One For Die Ditch 19 
ran. NR Ethels Course. W J. in. 41. 10L >,1 
J Glover at Worksop Tote: £1630: £3.90. 
£1.70. £2.30. DF. £13 10. CSF: E46.12. 2 
mm 51.58 sec. 

Rjmmer, 12-1 1; 2. Amigo Loco (S 
Whitworth. 2-1 tav): 3. Shaip Romonce (W 
R Swmtwm. 4-1). ALSO: 11-2 Craggide 
(Soil. 182 ChaoAns Cum. 9 Roaring Rnra 
(4ftL 10 Arorox Lad. 20 Clammw (5ft I. 
Dawn’s Delight. Runaway. lO ran. SI. 2. 
2'.-l. 41. is* M Tompkins at Newmarket. 
Tote. £10.10. £2.70. £1.10. £1.70. DF. 
£1520. CSF: £35.71. 1 nun 0485 S«C 

3.45 (im 2f 131ydl MASKED BALL (M 
Fry. 1 81); 2. Sharp Noble (M Htibs. 81): 3. 
Conmayio (J Reid. 1 3-2L ALSO RAN; 3 fav 
Baftydurrow tSth). L O Broadway (4th), 11- 
2 Evros. 10 &undy Lane (6thL Mexican 
Mil 14 Drpyn Bach. Mister Pant 10 ran. 
hd. ifct. 2'iL nk. 2'4I. P Catver at Ripon. 
Tote: £12.60: £2.40. £2JM. SZ30 DF: 
£27.30. CSF: £5981. Tncast £329.75. 2 
mm 31.73 sec. 

4.15 (Sf) 1. KILVARNET (S Perks. 1MV: 
2. Mas Shegas (M Fry. 14-1): 3. Miss Pisa 
(G Carter. 14-1). ALSO RAN. 811 tax 
Shear Royalty ififtL 5 Jotmkema. 6 
Phrteam (4ft>. 8 Meath Pnncess (Sth). '.2 
GPol Bat. 20 Mart ol Gold 9 ran. St. hd. 
2L TWI. a. R HoHnsnead at Upper 
Longdon Tote £1660: £1.90. £4.00. 
t2.70. DF: £120.70. CSF: £131 J7. 1 mm 
07-37 sec. 

4.45 (6f) 1. EXAMINATION (S 
Whitworth. 181); 2. Golden Guilder |G 
Carter. 4-1); 3. C a rat o ss Whisper (N Day. 
7-1). ALSO RAN 9-4 fav Dancing Tom 
(6mL 82 Mayor t4ft). 5 Touch Me Not 6 
New Editxxi (SOIL 7 ran. 3 l 2^ it 41. 1 V,j. 
A Bariev at NewmarkeL Tote: £11.90. 
£380. £2.90. DF: £34.70 CSF: £4821. 1 
mm 2182 sec. After stewards inquiry 
result stands 

Ptacepot not won 


Ivor Anthony. Missing Man (5th). 25 The 
Frozen Padre . Cormdy Lane (4m). 33 
Came Cottage. Ouriantaro. Tan In Hand. 

2J) |an 41 hefle) 1. SINGLECOTE (M 
Bastard. 81): 2. Sporting Mariner ij 
L ower. 181s 3. Woodgate (H Davies. 18 
2 l ALSO RAN: 82 lav Juuen Light (6th 1 . 
182 Check tt Out tfeB). 11 Mr Dibhs. 12 
Auntie Doutein. IB Ladv Newton (fete. 20 

Lad tpu). Iron Brity. Celan, £2 tan. 101. 
2'rl. 301. T0L Mrs P Sly at Petert»rai«h. 
Toie: £430:£1 20. 090. £2J0. DF: 
£2720. CSF: £55.11. 

2J30 (2m 4f) 1. OREGON TRAIL (K 
Mooney. 2-11:2. Berlin (D Browne. 81): 3. 
AmruBahtG Moore. 581). ALSO RAN: 18 
11 lav Bolands Cross (5ft). 25 Brass 
Change (4th) 5 ran. m 151. 61. 301. S 
Cttnstian at Lamboum. Tote: E2.7D; £1 .X. 
£2.00. OF- £4.80. CSF: E1D.52. 

3-0 (3m hale) 1. GAYE BRIEF (P 
Scudamore. 4-»i: 2. Crimson Embers (K 
Mooney. 7-2 lav); 3. Aonodi (J Duggan. 8 
21 ALSO RAN: 9-2 Rising Forest 7 Sheer 
GoH (5ft), 12 Asir (pu). 16 Against The 
Gram (4m). 25 (Ong s CoUege Boy (pu). 33 
The Man Himseril 16th). IDO Cameoele. 
200 Sytnpatetue. 11 ran. 6i. 51. 2. 1'fl. II. 
Mis MRimefl at Seven Stoke. Tote: £3.60: 
n 40. £1.20. £2-30 DF: £5.00. CSF: 

3-45 (2m 4f Ch) 1. RYEMAN ( J J O NttIL 
7-1): 2. Roadster (R Dunwoody. 7-2). 3. 
Premier Cftarite (S McNerit. 581) ALSO 
RAN- 2 lav HaH Free (5ft). 84 The Migfttv 
M8C (4ft). 14 Caned Opal iftm. 20 
Integration (pu). Socks Downs (fell). 25 
Restless Shot (pul9 ran. tel. 71. 121. 2WI. 
12L M H Easterby at Great Haftton. Tote- 
£7 20: £1.80. £1 10, £6.30. DF: 
£10 00 CSF £3096. 

49 (3m ch) 1. BORDER BURG (Mr P 
GreenaU. 7-2). 2. Royal Judgement (Mr P 
Hacking. 5-6 fav); 3. Mister Donut (Mr P 
Swath*. 381). ALSO RAN: 5 Ahte Sailor 
(INI). 20 Yellow Jersey (4ft). 25 Dan Over 
(Ddl. Pnnco Rowan (tan. The Drunken 
Duck. 50 Four Of A Kind. (pul. 100 Celtic 
Tudor ((ell. Mr Dartre (TeH). Seganan Dam 
»thL Writing s Midas (6th). 13 ran ft. 301. 
30L dCL dist J S Detenoohe at Buckino- 
nam Tote: 1330: Cl .60. £1.30. £370 DF: 
£2.00. CSF: £6. 28. 

4.40 (2m hdle) 1. HLWBERSIDE LADY 
(M Dwyer. 81 jt-fav): 2 Kessan (C Co*. 8 
Ik 3. Ha Nova (R Dunwoody. 5-1 jt-favL 
ALSO RAN- 5 it-tav Hypnosis. 7 Oma. n 
Chrysaor (6th). Id Janus l5fh). Walsh 
Warrior. 16 Joy Rtee. Terryash. 20 
Amaraeh. 25 Wotow w«. 33 Morura. Hold 
The Head (pu). Btuehmit (4ft). 15 ran NR: 
Ace Of Sores. Anything Else. nk. 31. nd. 41. 
151. G Huffer at Newmarket Tote: £560. 
£1.70. £2.10. £1.50 DF: £17 60 CSF: 
£3424. Tncast £14531. 

Jackpot £12.76465 (to a 50p stake) 
Ptacepot £20.30 

Blinkered first time 

BRIGHTON: 2J) Booty 

Scoop The Kitty. 33 Aranoa D Oro. 17 ran 182 Check It Out tfeB}. 1 1 Mr Dibbs. 12 

JSi TM. sh hd. t'Al. a. J Cosprave at Auntie Dot Hem IB Ladv Newton (tett. 20 BRIGHTON: 2J) Booty 

Elwell has plenty in hand despite broken foot 

Teresa ElwcIL with her broken 
fool on the mend, judged she 
was fil enough io ride Brockic 
Law ai the Heythrop poim-io- 
poim meeting on Tuesday, and 
proved Uie point by winning Ute 
ladies' race for the third 
successive year (Brian Bcel 

Brigadier Haihi . up from the 
Romney Marsh, led for mosi ol 

the uip uuh Sheena Lam on i on 
board, bu! l«.o fences oul Nfiss 
Elwell challenged, went away, 
and won by a comfortable six 

In ihc absence of Desert Fox. 
Pat • Peril had little difficulty 
in the . .’s event winning as a 

good horse should. John 
Deutseh took the lead 3 mile 
from home, and never looked in 

any danger of being caught. 

With Peter GreenaU having a 
blank day. Mike Felton drew 
further away in the lead for ihc 

men's Title when he won on 
Henrietta Knight's Gi Hogue 
Lough in the maiden. 

RESULTS: Hunt: Metela, Ladies: 
Bradoe Law Open: Paddy 5 Pen! Adc 
Chance K. Old Etntian/OM- I tan ortsn. 
Gtangtven. Mdh t Osar Bond. Mdn ft 
GiSogtta Lough. - 



i est Ham add 
the miser’s 
ouch to their 

flflp sarmniir 

All in Martin forecast a 
frenetic fortnight at the top of 
the first division after scoring 
the goal which thrust West 
Ham United into the thick of 
the championship race on 

Tuesday night. 

Martin's 2Gih minute vol- 
ley. his first goal for IS 
months, brought West Ham 
three more invaluable points 
a gains! Southampton at Up- 
ton Park and he said: "We’ve 
never had a better chance of 
winning the League. The lop 
four are going to start chang- 
ing around andeverythingwill 
unfold over the next two 
weeks, ft is going to get really 

“This is the best team we 
have had for a long rime and 
for the club to be involved in 
the championship race this 
(ate in the season is fabulous. 
We have still got games in 
hand to make up. but it would 
be great if we were still up 
there b> the time we play 
Evenon in our last match of 
the season." 

West Ham's victory moved 
them to within seven points of 
Liverpool with three games in 
hand and seven points behind 
Everton with two games to 
catch up. The Southampton 
manager. Chris NichoIL ob- 
served: “West Ham arc a lot 
meaner now. When they get a 
goal the> don't give it back. As 
Fong as they can keep doing 
that they've got a chance of 
w inn ing t he League. " 

Several hundred .Arsenal 
supporters demonstrated out- 
side Highbury after the !-I 

nal chairman. Peter Hill- 
Wood. shouting: “We love 
Arsenal but we don't love 
you.'' The Gunners’ caretaker- 
manager. Steve Burtenshaw. 

said: “1 can understand their 
frustration. I'm frustrated and 
the players are frustrated. 
They have no explanation for 
their second-half perfor- 
mance. However. I have asked 
them to stay out of the 
politics, so I am going to stay 
out as well." 

Leicester City strengthened 
their chances of staying in the 
first division by winning 2-0 at 
the home of* their fellow 
s [Higglers. Ipswich Town. 
McAllister and Smith pun- 
ished defensive errors with 
first half goals. Sheffield 
Wednesday failed to fuid 
quick consolation after their 
FA Cup semi-final defeat by 
Everton on Saturday, being 
held 0-0 at home by Queen’s 
Park Rangers, the Milk Cup 

Portsmouth’s second divi- 
sion promotion bid look an- 
other knock when they went 
down 2-1 to Crystal Palace, 
who lifted themselves level on 
points with fourth-placed 
Chariton Athletic. Gray, the 
Palace forward, scored all the 
goals, netting twice for his 
own side in the first half and 
heading into his own goal in 
the second. 

Fulham’s slide towards the 
third division continued in 
front of their lowest ever 
League gate of 2. 1 54. They lost 
to a goal by Hill as the next to 
bottom club. Carlisle United. 



New look Penalty goals by Barnes 

league k eep Spain under foot 
for Ulster £<«s sum 

• . Rugby Correspondent IheSraniarUs wheeled to gt'* England idtejea 

seniors Emtend Under-23 IS " d *5?' r JS k aSLS ! KvIS . 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Martin: Scored a crucial goal to keep West Ham United’s 
championship challenge on coarse 

White scored in a nine-minute but Bamber hit two goals for 

By George Ace 

Promotion and relegation will 
apply to a two-tier Ulster Senior 
L eagu e from the start of next 
season. The composition of the 
two sections, each containing 
seven teams, will be decided on 
league results achieved over the 
past four seasons. 

There will be no automatic 
relegation to junior status for 
the dub finishing at the bottom 
of section two. Promotion and 
relegation will operate on a one- 
up and one-down basis. 

The restructuring move by 

the Ulster branch follows talks 
with the 14 senior dubs and the 
dedsion by the Irish Rugby 
Football Union to shelve the 
proposal for a national league. 
An almost equal number of 
dubs supported and opposed 
the proposal. 

Although there are still some 
fixtures to be completed, it is 
almost certain that section one 
will comprise Ballymena. Ban- 
gor. Ards. Instonians. Colle- 
gians. Malone and N1FC 
• John Hall, the Bath flanker 
who severely damaged a thumb 
during England's game against 
Scotland in February, plans to 
play rugby in Australia this 
summer (David Hands writes). 

Hall, who was due to return to 
the Bath first team last night 
against Gifton. is to leave at the 
end of the season to spend the 
summer in New South Wales 
before returning for the start of 
the next domestic season. 

- . j i i B 1 i a , oq ic and their back row controlled 

England Under-23 la [he ^ England s backs 

Spain ........ >0 werC caught offside in from of 

Stuart Barnes kicked five 
penalty goals to help England’s 
under-23 team beat the full 
Spanish side in bnghf sunshine 
in Twickenham yesterday. But, 

Parity' lasted only five min- B ^^£ ft ^aLr25’ri§itfoai 
uies. England rented at a LfVnSarid the lead for the 

were caught offside in from of * .“Jj ^ penalties by 
Urnr owu posts and Puenas gjS. the firel tfom 5U metres, 
kicked the goal. . England a security which 

Aware that they needed- a £3 , nccessar- when 

more substantial advantage be- g® under the 

fore turning round. Spain re- 
turned for more, prompted by 

: . . . uimcu ioi r * 1 —■■■I — . “J 

in .winning b > Diaz, their competent hide 

against a try and two penalties, . t-tf 
there was liule vivacity about . 

England's play and the loudest ° ve [ 

cheer came for the uy scored in several pood positions in the 
injury time by Sainz. the Span- half and they M nd 

ish rieht-wina. theraselyes of the habit in the 

Although conditions tod im- second. Nevenhd^^il was 
proved since they had arrived in unexpected when un- 

the country at the weekend, a der no pressure. dropp'd -tbe 
strong breeze blew from the ball m front of his own posts, 
north, of which Spain had first England did - not make the 
advantage. Even so they took most of the attacking posjtu», 
time to settle and England Barnes kicking too tong to the 
dominated the early possession, writer, but three 
particulariv through Redman, to* ,n mid-field, by .Goodwin 
ibeir captain, at the lineout. and two by Robinson, tamw 
Puertas, of whom England’s the penalty which allowed 
senior players saw far loo much f T /, mLinnr 

ai the international sevens in M Gif I If III V 

Sydney last month, gave Spain • vv** j 

the lead after England were Mark Hembury. of Glamor- 

penalized for retiring too slowly ga n Wanderers, is the only foil 

Barms, the first front - 1J ntcires. 
save England a sccunty which 
proved ail too iwcessaiy when 
Spam ran a potato- under the 
England po»s and TO their 
evident ddighL worked room 
for Sain? to score the onfy fry 


Games (51. SpKe Trr- Saw. Pawn** 

ENGLAND wreft-23: S D Ht mftjW M 
iwcBe g narn t J M Goodwm (Mosetoyi. K 

B undcrewod (LBsasteri. S BtntM 

(tent, s « 5 ., fc, ? a q 

(Mosetoji B Hohb f&ad Uw atht *.fl 
Mufltitt fPgrtam WWWSW.T Egwote 
iE*t8f Urn*). H C Ro*w» iflatti. eand. J fl 

nnurf ggmunn Unwereayi. D wcmkk 

j aimhvZt S Stata (evtatt^ TPwao, A 
Mala F MsmMz, F Oweana S 
Looohncy. J-A Egldo (ran L Nuimi. 
rSk G Sunnonos (VBWesj. 

Hembury seeks cap 

behind a lineout. 

Bates, the Wasps scrum half. 

back being taken by Wales on 
their six-match tour of the 

looked particularly sharp as Pacific Islands in May and June 
England sought to give their when they will play inter- 

backs time and space. 

national matches against Fiji. 

The Spanish lineout began to Tonga and West Samoa, though 
work better but their scrum was as yet the Welsh Rugby Union 
beginning to suffer. That dis- have decided that caps will be 
advantage helped England draw awarded only against Fiji {Da- 
level: the home forwards pushed vid Hands writes). This is in line 
their way from the Spanish 22 to with their decision taken in the 
within five metres of the line autumn before the game at 
before Spain detached and were Cardiff against the same 
given oroide. Barnes kicking the opposition. 

back, is unavailable, so 
Herr. bury stands a chance of 
becoming the firsr player to be 
capped directly Tram Wanderers 
in their history. 
SOWOrBCPOTniScum Wales PoBca).* 

Brown (PantyBOOii. * Buchanan [Uanefcl. 

1 * D*cey (Swansea). 4 Oa«w« (Neath) P 
Danes lUaneBl J Dw wwu (South 
Glamorgan insane). M Dougta (London 
Wftsm. I Bdnn jCanWh. A Em*r 
(Swansea 1 . 3> Evans (Neeate. T Fauvel 
(Aberavoni A HotSey ICarOim. M 

easy 1 2-metre goaL 

ThoTburo, the Neath 

kin (Suranssa). W Jsmee (AberavonL L ft 
Janes (Swansea). P Ho na ty (Swansea). 
R MoHaty (Swansea). B Nonder (CoOff). 
D picfeenagiLiaaeB). M Rfdnds (Neatm. 
HRcttmtsCftaattg. MrtBw (Swansea)^ 
Webb (Bndgercd). J Dflawfeot (CanMQ.| 

draw wifh Nottingham Forest 1 recorded their fifth win in six 
Arsenal had gone ahead w iih a games. 

controversial ISih minute 
penalty from Allinson bui 
Campbell headed a deserved 
67:n minute equalizer. 

The supporters. • directed 
their chants against the Arsc- 

The third division leaders. 
Reading, had to come from 
two goals down to beat strug- 
gling Wolverhampton Wan- 
derers 3-2 at Molineux. 
Rogers, with two goals, and 

burst. Plymouth Argyle’s big- 
gest League gate for three 
years, more than 13.000, saw 
Tynan punish the club who 
loaned him oul Rotherham 
United. He scored two goals as 
the Home Park side won 4-0 
and look over second spoL 
Swindon Town, the fourth 
division leaders, became the 
first League team this season 
to secure promotion when 
they beat the second-placed 
Chester City 4-2. Johnson, 
who was booked after 10 
seconds, scored twice as Ches- 
ter wem 2-1 up in the first half 



FIRST DIVISION: Arwnjl 1, NcmiMhacn 
Forest I l;jsi¥icn Town C. L >* tester City J. 
Sneifteu ivearesday 0. Cueer. s Path 
0. rtwt Ham United 1. 

SECOND DIVISION: Barnsley 2 SnettekJ 
UnUftC 1. Crvva) Paiace 2. Portsmoubi t; 
Fufrtam 0. Ca<1>sle Untied 1. 

THIRD DIVISION: 5ur, 3. Cardiff City 0: 
Nous Cflunw 3. Walsall 1; Pinmotitti 
Argyie 4 . Rortierbam Umied 0. VV«»er- 
hamoum '.Vancerprs Z Reading 3 
FOURTH DIVISION: Cambridge United i. 
Halifax Tcwn 0. Colchester Unitec 4. 
Onsnt 0: Northampton Town 2. E*p»r 
Citv 2. Peterborough Unrted 2. Sxdtpnn 
County* 0. Swindon Twn 4 Chester City 
Z Torquay Um»o 1. 4idersnai 2; Wrex- 
ham 0. Southend untied 0. 

Unued 5. Si Mirren (j. 

I Montrose 3. Bredim Cny 1. Ayr United 

Rovers 0. Snikng 3, MeaoowOank Thisre 
i Dunlertr-line 0 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: First Arlswin 
Everton t. SneltieftJ Unred f. Second 
division: Blaopooi 1. Wolverhampton 1; 
Fort Vale 1. Gnmsby 2: >ork 3. Preston 0: 
Bijrniev 3. Stcke 0. Coventry 1. Middies- 
brouch 2: Cun am Z Rouierham 1: 
Scunthorpe 1. Bradford 1: Sunaertand 2. 
Bolton 0. Oldham 2. Rothemam 1. 
Crystal Palace u Luton Town. 

GO LA LEAGUE: Weadstone 1. Wev- 
m«j:n 0- Siahprd 1. Aitnncham I: 
Runcorn 2. WvcomM 1. 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: Horvnch 2. Buxton 


vision: Bilencav t. Croydon 1; Bisnops 
Stool ora 0 Sur.on United & Carshaiton 3. 
Worming 1; Fambcnnjgn 2. Epsom and 
EneR3:Hayes3. Harrow 1. Kingstcruan 2. 
Bognor Fags 1: Wokingham 1 . Barking 1. 
First division.* Bcrehamwood 0. Bromley 
0. Cr esnam 2. Maidenhead £h Grays 3. 
Hornchurch 0: Hanow 1. Leylonstone and 
Ihord 3: Lewes I. Leartwrtvjad (h Tdburv 
2 Avelev 4: Walton and Hersham 4. 
Fmctnev 1. Second division north: 
Bemnamsted 0. Kings Dory 1; Harehetd 0. 
Cnanont St Peter 1 Heybndge 3. Clapton 
0 : Wcrvenon 3. Barron 1 Second division 
south: Camoertey 2. Metropolitan Ponce 

0. Dorting 2. Banstead 1. Moiesey 0. 
South wick 0; Southall 5. Manow l. 
wrtyteieafe 2. Petersl^ia 1: Wotung 5. 
Newbury i. 

division: Beckttm i. Pennants 0. Hanweil 

1. Beacon shew 2. Swa«ey Town Z 
Denson 1. 

wm Three Bridges e. EasttMume Town 
0 . 

Chetmslord l- Fora 4. Eton Manor 1. 
Aids O. CMtonvde 0. Pwtadown ft 
Crusaders i . Lmheid 3; Detiflery 2. Newry 
1 ; dentoran 2. Camck 0: Lama 0. 
Coleraine 2. 

^1 dhridenCs soDJart to rescra tor? ah matches for Apni sth 

n^r: ■ »'■' ■ 


TF.sBlE 'Th-: i<:e pa 

i ir-.'I- v' . iDl 

24 PTS 


23 PTS 

..£38 45 

22V2 PTS 

... £1115 

22 PTS 

... £4-15 

21% PTS 

... £1 35 

21 PTS 

... £0*50 

Treble Chance dnmJtnds id anils ot w 5p 


4 DRAWS £3*20 

10 HOWIES £178*25 

' - j :r >-i .r-.e . 

4AWAYS £8*55 

Almc dhiidends to units of 10p 

Expenses and Commission 
22nd March 1986—28 AV. 

Tel: 0272-272272 \ 
'In?-''-* (24hr. service) J 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Premier division: 
Gosport 0. Chelmsford 0; Wrilenhall 3. 
Witney 0 Midland division: Coventry 
Sporting 2 Leamington 2: SKxrbndga 0. 
Banbury 0. PoaQxxwt OMDury v 

Reoattfi. Southern division: Andover 1. 
Waterloo vi Ite 2. Asntord 2. Enth and 
Beiveoere I: Cormtman 4. Hastings 1; 
Woodiord t. Dorchester 1. Postpone* 
Rmsup v Burnham and Hdbngdon 
Semi-final, second leg: Marine 3. Bangor 
Oiy Q lagg 4-3L 


CLUB MATCHES: Bhrmngham 19. North- 
ampton 16: Maesteg 9. Uanetli 22: Neath 
is. Crawshay s XV 12: Exeter 0. Bristol 
30: Bekennead A 4. Royal Navy 4. 

Clarke attacks 
Sunday games 

Mian Clarke, ihe Barnsley 
manager, has crilicized Sunday 
football, after his side were 
forced to p lay at Oldham Ath- 
letic last Sunday morning. 
Clarke said: "l have never been 
happy with Sunday football and 
Ihe match at Oldham did noth- 
ing io make me change my 
mind, li is foreign to both 
plavers and supporters and an 
1 1 .30 am kick-off is totally out 
of Older. 

"Some of my players had to 
gei up ai 6 am and then ihe club 
was asking ihem io go out and 
sweat blood, and that is not 
right. You also have io think 
about fans travelling away and 
ihe difficulties they have to face 
when a match kicks off at thal 
time in ihe morning. Those 
kick-off limes are killing the 

~l did not know about this 
when the fixtures were made 
and in fulure l will certainly 
object very strongly .“ 


Chance for 
Britain to 
win medal 

Swindon who took control 
when Chester's Graham was 
sent off 

Stockport County had their 
player-manager. Les Chap- 
man. and a defender. Sword, 
sent offin the last 10 minutes 
in the 2-0 defeat at Peterbor- 
ough United. Kelly, the home 
side's substitute, was dis- 
missed with Sword. The 
Southend United forward. 
McDonough, was dismissed at 
Wrexham in a 0-0 draw. 
Crown, the Cambridge United 
forward, scored a treble in a 4- 
0 win over Halifax Town. 

in on title 

Paris (Reuter) — Paris Saint- 
Germain took a step nearer their 
fust French championship when 
they gained a t-f draw at 
Sochaux on T uesday. Their lone 
rivals. Nantes, are running oui 
of lime: they were held to a 
goalless draw by Bordeaux, the 
champions for the last two 
seasons, despite dominating 
most of the play. 

Paris Saint-Germain, chasing 
a first division and French Cup 
double, took the lead against the 
nm of play through the Senegal 
forward. Omar Sene, in the 
42nd minute. Siephane Faille 
equalized eight minutes after the 
imenal for Sochaux. who arc 
fighiing to avoid relegation. 

Victory for the Parisians over 
Monaco tomorrow, coupled 
with defeat for Nantes at 
Rennes, would secure the title. ; 

Olympique Marseilles ended 
the hope of a Parisian Cup final 
when they ousted the second 
division champions. Racing 
Club, to reach the semi-finais. 

Marseilles, who have won the 
cup a record nine times, drew 
the second leg of their quarter- 
final clash 1-1 at home after 
winning the first leg 2-t in Paris. 
Bernard Zenier scored with a 
free-kick in the 27lh minute to 
cancel out a 20 th minute headed 
goal by Polaniok. 

Marseilles meet Rennes in the 
two-leg semi-finals: Pans Saint- 
Germain face Bordeaux 

Leading South African may be driven into the ranks of Rugby League 

Agony of coming in from the cold 

The sheer despair of the 
Sooth African tragedy, from the 
point of view of the whites, wiB 
be well Olostrated in the next 10 
days thousands of mdes from the 

It will show itself on the Daces 
of Sooth Africa's finest young 
tug by players — men like Naas 
Botha and Dante Gerber, two of 
the best players of their kind — 
as they arme in Britain. They 
are due to take part in the 
International Board's celebra- 
tion matches at Cardiff next 
Wednesday and Twickenham - 
three days later. It will be a rare 
moment of acceptance, an iso- 
lated instance of integration with 
the world's best players. 

Botha, blond, fresh-faced and 
tanned, epitomizes best the feel- 
ing of hopelessness pervading 
South African sportsmen. Like 
Gerber and a few others. Botha 
is dose to accepting the in- 
evitable and signing for any one 
of several Rugby League clubs is 


in final 

George Limb, the president of 
the Australian Real Tennis 

Britain which covet their skills. 
To sign. Botha accepts, woald be 
to admit defeat but the sense of 
dejection is hard to beat 

“Even with rebel sides toming 
Sooth Africa, yon cannot think 
yon are playing against a team 
from a country. It is not like 
South Africa playing Australia 
or New Zealand. 1 cannot say f 
will be able to motivate myself 
for another year or two. It jast 
depends on what they give as as 
an inducement at home. And I 
don't mean material rewards. 

“I grew np under this set-up, 
bat I am totally against it as a 
sportsman. A tot is being taken 
away from the rugby players, 
and it isn't tbeir fault." 

“If they (the authorities) are 
taking a long-term approach to 
the problem. I would think of 
retirement. I just hope it wifi be 

The problem relates solely to 
a sense of impotence. "They are 
not listening to us; if it were up to 

us, we woold bare changed it a 
long time ago," Botha says. 

“I cannot get myself into 
training. 1 trained for two days. 

transferred to the New England 
Patriots. -It was lucrative and 
that was the main reason I went, 
although i needed a change. I 

then sat back and then started fefr 1 succeeded : in a way and 
again for g while wifhont coovks maybe U was the wrong decision 

tion. I have never been like this 
before." • .... 

The announcement of the 
invitation squad for these two 
matches was, for Botha and his 
col leagues, a tremendous fillip. 
“Suddenly, I was a different pry. 
Before, dure was nothing at the 
end of the road, no point in all 
the training and pbysicaJ work." 

At 28, Botha has had an 
extraordinary career. Hh 17 
caps span six years, with an 
interlude for a period in Amei£ 
can gridiron football, as an ace 
kicker. He found that experience 

“The game, is quite boring; I 
once went foor and a half boors 
with only <me kick. 1 played four 
games for the Dallas Cowboys 
and was hoping to .make it 
permanent. But then I was 


to go hone. Bst 1 missed home 
and the life, f was on my own and 
-it was hard." 

The latter, of course, is a 
considerable factor In any de- 
cision to join the northeni Rngby 
League circuit Bat it will be- 
come increasing!} hard for Bo- 
tha to fifed motivation in Carrie 
Cup matches back-home.' 

~ni see what is going otr after 
.the World XV matches; but it’s 
always difficult to go to another 
country , another culture. It is 
never, home.". 

The cynics will greet with glee 
such cries from the hearts of the 
Sooth African whites. Bat, as 
pawnsin tin power game. Botha 
and his colleagues face little hot 

Peter Bills 


The draw for the Halford- 

Hewiu Cup has produced a first 

the Australian Real Tennis round match between 
Association, reached the final of Charterhouse and Shrewsbury 
the George Wimpey world ama- today which would he worthy of 
ieur nvrrolk singles chamnion- a final. But that is the way of the 

Test for Charterhouse Champions 

By Nicholas Keith . jn ffll Ttl 

teur over-50s singles champion- 
ship at Cambridge yesterday 
when he defeated Colin Dean 6 - 
2. 2-6. 6-5, despite having been 
5-2 down in the final set 
( William Stephens writes). He. 
plays Jeffery Atkins, the former 
amateur champion, who beat 
Chris Buffer of Hobart 6-4, 6-0. 
Atkins and Limb meet Dean 
and David Bevan-Tbomas in 
ihe doubles final. 

RESULTS: Strata swni-RnstaGB un- 
tass stawft G E Omb (Aus) bt G Dean 6-a 
2-6. 6-5: GWT AdunsotC C A Butler 6-4. 
WJ Doubles Mml-flnata: Atkins and Um& 
bt D Newman (US) and B Jury 6-1. 6-2: C 
Dean and 0 Bevan-Tbomas bt Butler and 
Boyes 6-1. B-1 Over-6tr> stngta aem*- 
finals: F Snefl « C C Pelt (US j 6-3. 6-3: R J 
Potter bt J Bariev 6-2. 6-2: Final: Potter bt 
Sne* Si S-2. Doubles atnHh*: Patter 
and Snell bl PeB and J Camkm 6-2. 6-3. J 
Coooer and G Inges W A Mason, and J 
Bailey 5-5. 5-4 Finek Potter and Snei Ot 
Cooper and tngus 6-5. 6-0. 

(this last pair meet . today) 
among the Kg guns of the 
Hewitt. Eton are also in this 
half, but they have an unhappy- 
record recently and have not 
a final. But that is the way of the reached ibe last four since 1971. 
public school golfing society 7 ^ bottom half at Royal St 
who neither show favours nor ^^- 5 , Sandwich, looks wide 
have seeds tn their annual team opcn . On recent form RossaO 
foursomes contest. may be the strongest team as 

With 14 victories, including 70 

three in a row in the 1980s. 

Charterhouse will start They are drawn to have a 

favourites again. But Shrews- S. os ilHL 1 -„51Ste?Jrf IT Wlth 
bury were runners-up last year Tonbridge in the last eight. 

and have achieved one win plus — — — 

another appearance in the final _ , 

in the last five years. oCVGUS trCSlffllCfl 

The winners of this match Cambridge University will 
could face the holders. Harrow, make their first appearance in 
in the second round, unless the Richmond sevens at the 
Sherborne spring a surprise. All Athletic Ground on Sunday, 
these schools are in the top half April 20 (2.0). All the London 
of the draw at Royal Cinque merit table clubs will take pan 

Sevens freshmen 

Cambridge University will 
make their first appearance in 
the Richmond sevens at the 
Athletic Ground on Sunday, 

William Boone, the world 
champion, and his partner. Ran- 
dall Crawley, advanced to the 
semi-finals of the Cdestion 
Open doubles championship 
when they defeated Thomas 
BrudeneD and.. David Ruck- 
Keene 8-15. 15-2. 15-5. 12-15. 
15-8. 15-9 at Queen's Club on* 
Tuesday (William Stephens 
writes); Boone and Crawley 
have won this competition ev- 
ery year since its inception in 

Brudenell and Rack-Keene 
gave one of their most impres- 
sive performances. Brudenell 
produced some remarkable kill 
shots on receipt of service and 
Ruck-Keene showed quick re- 
actions in die fast rallies. How- 
ever. die pace generated by 
Boone and Crawley proved too 
much in the end. 

Ports. Deal. This half looks top 
heavy, with Watson’s. Rugby. 
Loren o, Malvern and Radley 

in the competition, which is part 
of Richmond’s 125th anniver- 
sary celebrations. 


Sapsford starts fast 



FIVE GOES A PENNY I 10 HOMES Nom ng Barrel, £254-00 

TREBLE CHANCE .Pa.doo&w-wn 

4 Dividends only - 
See Rule 9(f) 

24 pts £491-75 

23 pis £725 

22 T «ptS £2 35 

22 ptS £0-95 

TrvOle Crtanw Dividing? >0 ol 
1/5o. .met Comirissian for 

22nd March 19??. 32 »», 

j 5 AWAYS<Nc<hmg3afrg>1l ,...£16*10 
j PIC 6 £28-15 

| Aocrw'? Dividends TO Units o! lOp 


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j Winning Nos. ( W. 40. 26 . 19? 

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1 COi--?i~t order 

bi*«bn^Phdiie?Qlr 200 0200 

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ffl CC I np Paid on i Dy 3 6 3 bt 2 qojl tot 
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.VnrlMro -i W, - 



I JZnMtaniwK- J5?-. 

For9 4.aa H von niwe cras»edom -iDEighi Number, 

1 R ft 2 S 245K 2 C 1RS5I 


From Sydney Frisian 

\s in the previous 
Champions' Trophy at Perth, 
Auslralia. Britain's chances fora 
medal here depend almost en- 
tirely on the result of a match 
against India. . After winning 2- 
I at Penh last November, when 
they took the silver medal. 

' Britain lost to India in Dubai m 
! January this year, but defeated 
| them a few days later in Kuwait 

The co-operation, technique 
and tactics of the British team, 
have earned the admiration of 
the Pakistani crowd who have 
: described ihcir play as "bahu!* 
achha" which, translated from 
llrdu. means \ery good. So far. 
Britain have drawn 1-1 with 
Pakistan, lost 2-1 to The Nether- 
lands. drawn l-l with West 
i Germany and 2-2 with 
, Australia. 


David Whitaker, the British 
I coach, said: “We could have 
beaten Australia but luck was 
ncu on our side. No team has so > 

far hit a post Ihree limes in one I 
match.” He blamed the Dutch 
as the instigators of ihe nastiness 
in Iasi Saturday's match. 

Britain, like many other 
teams, nave had their fitness 
problems, not a day going by 
without one player or another 
feeling unwell. Much of the 
blame has been laid on the hotel 
food or the climate. McConnell 
is a doubtful starter today, but 
no fault could be found in the 
combination chosen for the 
match again*] Australia with 
Duthie in McConnell’s place at 
left haft' and Bhaura at outside 
left. Thai is how it should be 

The favourite for the boys' 
title. Danny Sapsford. made an 
impressive start in his attempt 
to win the Prudential junior 
hardcourt singles championship 
at Wimbledon yesterday. The 
17-ycar-old top seed from 
Wcybridge powered his way to a 
6-0. 6-2 victory over Darren 
Roberts, of Penanh. 

The No 4 seed. Colin Becchcr. 
from KenL had a scare before 
reaching the third round. He 
survived a match point against 
him in the tenth game of a third 
set against Matthew Long of 
Essex, before going through 6-2. 
2-6. (u- 8 . Jake Marty n. of 

Sussex, became the first seed to 
fall when he was beaten 2 - 6 . 6 - 2 . 
6-2 by Andrew Fisher, of 

RESULTS: Second row* Boys: D 
Sapstorri (Surrey) di D Roberts (S Wales) 
6-0. 6-2: G Enqieman (Middx) bt S Cornish 
(Somerset) 4-4. 6-ft 6-4; D Cool (Essex) 
bl M Edtnesvm (Cte&htra) 6-4. S-7. 7-5: C 
WUnson (Hants & tste ot Wight) bt N 
Smith (Lancs) 7-5. 6-3. V Rartson (Essex) 
H 0 Conwsh (Somerset) 64. 6-3: C 
Beecher (Kent) bt M Long (Essex) 62. 2-6. 
10-6: A Ftsner (N Wales) bt J Martyn 
(Sussex) 2-6. 6-2. 6& n Mansell (wodx) 
bt R Antoun (Kern) 7-6. 6-4; A Hunong 
(Leicsj bt S Wiltons (Hens) 6-3, 6-t; 0 Ant 
(Devon) bt G Drake (Dpvoni 6-4. 6-3: J 
Hunter (Surrey) bt M Nunafl (SuHotk) 6-4. 
6-2. M Syms (Devon) bl S Sooth 
(Warwicks) 6-2. 6-0: D Kirk (Lines) bt O 
Reed (Wales) 6-2. 6-2: M Petctwy lEssen) 
W N Oaahiey (Swrey) 6-1. 6-3. C Brcwm 
iCamte) bt G Spakirc (Notts) 7-5. 6-ft 
Girts: A Hd (Devon) bt R t>ckirtson(HeitBl 
6-3. 6-1: A Gregory (Notts) W C Bateman 
(Esse*) 6-d. 6-l:LNsnmo(WanwickS)«S 
Devereux (Northerns) 61. 6-3, J Reeves 
(Kent] Ot R Stores iNotTS) 6-0. 6-4: S 
Godman (Surrey) W F Couklnaqe (Dorset) 
6-2. 61: A Smpfcm ILBCSI M A Tate 
fSussev) 61 . 62: L Hare (Yorks) bt S Eve 
ISerKSi 2-6.61.61. 


UNITD STATE & HsMn^ Aasoeortioa 
(NBAt inoenj Pa-re^s tit. Wasrang^wi 
Suwts t'M Pn'.uMCina rsers n6. Oevon 
Pistons 112. “Una Hams 13’ Crycj-jo 
Buns i IB. Houston Posfcets IM. Sjuihe 
SUSPrSortieS 96* Bovion 126. MMau- 
kee Bucks 114. '3oioan Sole warriors 136 
D.vtas Maverois 11 S. Los Angeles Lakers 
i2fi. Pooano Trail Blaxets 114. 


CENTRAL LEAGIE; First lam Post- 
poned: Aston Vi*a v Mugan 

•Veens' 2, '. )os>>-c*i 0 

Berussis Moencnengiaitjach 2. 
Sasreruecken 1. Bayet umm<}en Z Euyer 
3. Wguncrf Wnnrsni 1 

deatu D. Swuiu 1 . -'arts Sjuit-Genrvsn 1: 
Lens 2 t- SmsMu^j 2 Lava) t 

Lea»ng s an dfci g s: 1 Pans Sumi-Genriain. 
Si 2 Names 46 3. Boreoam. 46 
COMMA: bnemeiMrai meistc Bre» }. Eas) 


BARDIN. Scon Tour oJ Basque Ceuntnr 
nice: 1. M Ejrti ihei a-u r™ '3 sec; 2. S 
Ksip. Hr*). 8 sec senne 3 J L UwuulSpi 4. J 
Ftwjrcez ftoi S. ° H Caoesor:* 6 .Pwm 
[WGI alsjmenme 

EPSON: Oort SocieTyiaaonal Lha oq kj i MlBp. 
1 tmsnm til 2 ireiaM. i?t 3 Gtassnop- 
Dere. 167 tn*rtrtuaLDSntitn(ireLinOL 



BARI Harr Bert tutamabonai grand preeFirat 
round: h Censeon iSwei ot U Oarre (M. 60, 
6-0. H oe <a Pena (Argi M t Canponea (Spi, 6 
1.64 D Per« (Ui) bi C Pistotasi (in. 7-6. 6-3, 
H ScrtwaMT fWGt Ot J Poser iFr). 62. 61: J L 
MJeso iSoi 01 3 Donne#V IU3). 62. 63. V 
Peca iP»i bi C PjiuTB (hL 61. 6& P 
McNemee iAusi bt J Brown |USl 64. 62. 


BOURt»«UTH: Midland Bank «ertd ledoar 
pen ehanpemsliip: F Mumua and W 
Harness (Scar) a P Swqluna and P Bets 
(HZ) M. 163. 7-4. 


NAMENT. QuaMyteg marshes: Le a nWgror v. 

NIB Crippj (Ejcuii and M F Dean w M 
Gooang fuartaaiftn and S Rsnaecsoa 
iCamord) 6-5. 62. 3-6. 6l: E No* iPmaas- 
prsa) and P G Saaroak w P Brehe (Soacowrg 
ane C Brew iSeacouri) 64. 66. 65. 62: □ C 
ionnsen i Queen si and G Parsons (ukb- 
tacned) bt Cnros and Dean 63. 2-6. 64. 4.6. 

64 Uoreton Monetfc D Cull I Lords) and F 

W'Qa i WatKhasiao « and Scabroew 4-6, 
63 6-4. 62. Jdwwon ana Paisons til 
Gocema ana S Honakaon 64. 6-0. 61 

&ane mu Bray bt Cu* end W*a 4-8. 6-3. &-Z 

65 QuarteANnsia: J Howe* (Bordeaux) and 
K She non |L ea — i gton l bl Jonnson and 
Parsons 65 63. fri. G Hylana (Meiooume) 
and A C LoreU bl Brake and Brev 5-5. 61. 3-6. 
6S.63.CLum«yriinariscned)antfJSiwwtii 1 
C-n and mn 62. 63. 62 C RonakWon 
iHompion Orutl and L OeuQiar (Hampton 
Couni w e Cnpps and Dean, so 


WYNMUATS B36 3026 OC S79 
6S65 579 6438 741 9999 

Gnn &36 8962. Opm> TW Z? 
April 7pm su> run Mon-Thurs 
a.SO. FnASjItOOi 9 OOorn. 



TO BC BAO-Tirnc Out Unuted 
seavon 22 Aprtl-xo Mar All 
1H^ mdy. C7 SO 6 £6 OO 
WVHDRAirS 836 3028 CC 379 
e*t>6.-379 6433 Grp, 836 
3962 Em 8pm. Sal S At 8.30. 
Wed mats s. 


A musical pfau’ py rosin RAY 
Bonl ni Bit life A rmOfe at 
TRUTH*- D.Tel 

**R I, a Joy to twar 6 , 1 , pnl 

D.Man . . 





rwwn>9 Street wi Bm 

mean Centre. EC2 01-638 
4141 LnUl 77 April i ART B 
TIME, looMno J* amp and dip 
•NIi PmoBlvn la modmi an- 
A dm £1 50 and 7So. TUn Sal 
tOam-rLaSom Sun A B Hots 
12an> S 46pm rim d Mwd ■,!. 
PNPI B Hols. 

BRmStl LIBRARY, O Rimed 8 L 

wet. Mnmoa or the worldu 

Ailasn Maps and GKHm. Wkdy# 

ID 5. Sun. 2.306. Adm. bw 

dowd Good Friday 

BROWSE a DARBY. 19 Cork 

Siren London W.1 HOOUCT 
OWCAN. New PMMUipa. 

SI Janai. 5WI. Otwrts 9 
April ARTHUR BOYD Recent 
Australian Pduninoa- Uruu 9 
May Mon Fri to s 3D 

Bond Slq. w 1 629 5675 Pa u l a 
•N Ptana ou Pauitm* to Oe- 
iwne 4 ctH-um mihcwMwkv 
Alap Caiger Snutiv 1 1 April 1 
May Mnn-Fn 9-5 SO 

Stnure. London WC 2 . 01-839 
3321 Rrcoided Into Ot B39 
5626 Wkd* 106. Suns 26. 
and Mrs Colbitan* by WIigM eg 
Drrm L’nid April 27 Adm 


LERY SL Martin's Pteoa. 
London WC 2 . Ter 01-930 1S52. 
TRAITS. Until 18 May Adm. 
Free Mon- Frt 106. 6 a> 106. 
Sun 2-6 

SLSW1 Ol 236 5844 MARY 
ROTTEX Ops and Watercolours 
Mon-Fn.lQ 6 r. sals 11-3. 


Churcti Rrt_ Barnes. SW15 74a 
8880. MARY FEDDEM: Recoil 

rotal Academy OF Mfn 

Piccadilly. Wl Ol 734 9062 
Open daily 106 loc. Sun. 
■re duced rate Sun. Urdu t 46) 


£2 GO. £1 70 rone rate 
CC booking Ol T41 9999 

T ATE CA I 1 J OT . MlUbank SWt 

ART IS34-1MS. Until 27 Abr 
or aorta Until 1 1 May Adm. 
free-. WMys 16630. Sana 2 
5.GO Recorded Info. Ol 821 

The National Muaeum of An 4 
DPMI. S Kensmolon. Wkdye. 
10-6 50 Sum. 2.30 65a 

Ck *ed Fridays. Recorded Into 
on special exhfelUanp A ctaptoy 
Ol 681 4894 

From tomorrow tom at L 30 
(not Sun) 3 46 6 10 A. ft4Q, . 

-H ATE CtNENA; NottlngtalB Caw 
727 4043 newly reiwn.3ted. 
new hixury seating. DoBjv ste- 
reo. KumamV RAN n5i. 
2.16. 6.16. 8 IS. L Night Frt ti 
Sat 11 16 Advance Bookings 
No Memoer-stan 


UMHERE CINEMA 379 3014. 
83* 0691 SI MarttoT Lane. 
WC2 lUKMtr S9 lUbei. WII- 
ham Hun m KttS OF THE 
snoER WOMAN HSl Film at ' 
L25. 3.46. 6 IO. 8 40. UC Bar 

Jack NtchoBon A . 
kjjhtofn Turner "mhn 
HONOUR (IS) dally 1 
6.30. 9 OO 

■ 27381 NO SURRS1R1CR HSL 

Sep prow Daily 2. IS. 6.00. 
*■40. AH seats bookable in ad- - 
t*w Accent and Visa 
leiettfiong Oo okmos welcome 


<930 fit lD.Imo 930 4260 7 
4269 WMIC WONTS rPCkScp 
. NW Doom open Duly I 16 
. 4 46. 766 AH pro9S.Book.abto 
m Advance. Access and Visa 
Phone bootunK wdcmw Cred- 
d Mot Une «P 19&. S* bwr 
«?tXf SS SO' seals avaflaMe 
Monday an certs. 

' s.. 

K;„ . 


CHELSEA emu 3B1 3742 
king* Road iNeare-u tube 
Stoaiw Sql ECHO PARK usi 
Film at tool 4.00 &oa 7 00, 
9.oo must end -names 
Frta FR| |i APRIL EkduBhe 
Pmwnialiaa « Francesca 
RoNshlm « Bt ztn opera 
CAIIMLN IPO) Film at 135 

. booking for PEnro now 
OPEN Access/ t ea 

Avenue Wl 439 -4805. F6st 
Gall 24Hr 7 Day CC MO 7200 
rgly Fcci Kuroamwp-s RAN « ibl 
S ep Parts daily al 2 IS. B IB. a, 
H 15 


agin, absolute scan- 

NERS 1161. Sen props Doan 


*18. Reduced pnictK far Under 
Studenl card boWan.. 
UB4D rwiaan. O-Ajm*. 


: ■Vf-I'i 

njccniie 229 
snBErmsx u®. 5.00. 

4 56. 7 00. 9.00. Music by T«n 



?3S 2772. ill HIV BEAUTIFUL 

— Itoitoi CUV. 

7 06 - 910. Sat U.f5;<2> unr- 
6<m. 7.00. 9 04. Sal 11 16. 
SoaK- bookable 

firagtN On tS U NO T ON CREPi 

^6 3620 Viinnv 7 Oscar* 
* IO- 7.46. Frt /Sal 1 1 16 

Ticket* booiuMe toe nnunp 

PCI f • 

SCREEN ON THE HHJ. 436 3366. 

Kurosawa's OscarWInntoo 
M^teiptew RMMllav cross 
ICO. 4 05. 7 40. Frt SaL 1 1 16 
“*J»okat>ie Access Visa. 


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*55 John Craven 1 * 

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geoeral swglcai 

£S& ,‘ ij 

and radio programmes 

ij rtyya aratean DAY (BBC 2, 9J30pm)shows 

satSyfeng time to stay VB8lMtt33iilV how ter we have travelled since 

y, so ttfc with no surprise _ _ ^ Grade Reids and t'other min 

Edited by Jane Henderson 
and Peter Davalle* 



Resee Feather, BUI Edmondson: 
-' oa BBC 2, 930pm 

• OfThirty years ben 
impossibly tong time to stay 
angry, so vis with no surprise 
whatsoever that we perceive in 
this month's BOOKMAfBC 
(BBC 2^&1 0pm) that three of the 
so-cafled Angry Young Men 
of the mkJ-ISbOs, John Osborne, 
Colin Wilson and John Wain, 
have matured Into lass volatile 
mkfe fla -aaed men tit the mid- 

to^UWiS^wSwkf 00 * 
anger was objective rather than 
subjective in the first place; 
whether, in facUtwas merely a 
sobriquet that, in an inspired 
moment, flowed out of the pen of 
one theatre critic to be avidly 
seized upon by headline- writers 
of the day. and subsequently 
applied wWly-ntily to any young 
writer with fire in his/her 
befly.The Bookmark item 
predictably focuses on Look 
Back in Angarand The Outsider, 

and on the literary coterie that 
ancireied them. Apropos of Look 
Back in Anger, it still 
astonishes us to be reminded 

that despits Harold Hobson's 
and Kenneth Tynan's 
enthusiastic championing of 
the ftiay, It was not their notices 
that put tots of bottoms on 
theatre seats but the brief extract 
that was shown on television 
•North-East Lancashire is 
down to its last three brass- 
bands and the mite are 
shutting down . Lite-long textile 
workers have to retire, 
though they stiff have years more 
work In them. The rrtgrrt-shttt 
at one Bolton mffl is wholly Asian, 
and immigrant Pakistanis 

have to wire-mesh their 
windows. .Norman Swallow's 
sadly reflective film THE LAST 

Radio 4 

p . y i i i V . tiEv aato 


t i - 'b l!-te if? 

i #- f /" i r < 1 { ' xmm mmm 


r ,fe?wF' fe vi 


8.10 Bookmaric The Angry - 
Young Men Colin Wteoo 
. and John Osbourne, ' 
published The Outsider ' 
and Look Back h Anger 
. .. SO years ago. The . . 

programme shows techive 
nmofKenneth Tynan’s . 
review, and comme nts by 
Harold Hobson and John 
- Dexter. There is also a - 

poet, doctor. Welshman 
. . and Jew who has Just 

_• •. .. pubSshedAsArtfw Sfaody 
Horse, his first collection 
V of poetry for 5 years- 
&08 KaranKfcw hasagoat 

andbot content with 
women Only. David 
Attenborough, Max Boyce 

540 Ffcm idol’s Delight* 
n 939) In the series Allies 
At War. Clark Gable as 
Harry Van , war veteran 
and struggflng entertainer 
on the Swtss border at the 
outbreak of World War II, 
where Norma Shearer is 
disguised as Russian 

7.00 Channel 4 News 

740 Comment On an 
environments issue 
fbftowed by Weather 

840 Wotldw is e Report New 
series of weekly 
programmes. This week 
- WttSands. especially those 
threatened v*th . 
development by forestry, 
housing or tourism; 
Scotland's "Flow 
Country", the Norfolk 
Broads, and urban 
wetlands in WalsaiL 
Viewers we encouraged 
to contribute their own 
environmental news.'. 

840 Chib Mix For Black and 
Black-Influenced talents, 
hosted by Baz Banrigboye 

• and Smiley Outers, with 
guest Ruby Turner, British 
soul artist. 

940 What Now? Part two of the 
drama serial about young 
people in Liverpool 
wondering what to do after 

• school and YTS schemes. 
Danny questions Ms 
sexual identity with Harriet 
who is now back with Ray 

940 FBmi Spring Sy mp hony 
(1983). Pater Schamonfs 
•• tale of love and passion - 

• ■ between Schumann and . 

.CteOLand ibe jtponymous 
symphony ha wrote the 
yes' they married (1840) 

• as an expression of love. 

’ ’ The frfm hints at later 

madness, and hast 
magnate; performance by 
Nastassja Kinski as Clara; 
it won Best Direction, Best 

Society Is changing where 
a town with a inn on every 
comer now has only two; 

■ - violence and 

unemployment are the 

threats, bot noone wants 
toieavs theV hometown. 
10.10 Pot Black 86 Dennis 

Taylor is known as a joker 
aiHfKkk Stevens as an 

tonight in the 
1045 NewsnigbtFutham By- 
Bectkm Exit polls predict 
the result pretty dosely 
• and Vincent Hanna 
reports.. . 

11AB World Bowis from . 

Awards at the 
International Fim FestivaL 

1145 Voices Ralf Dahrendorf, 
former head of the LSE, 
and Alain Touraine, 
leading Frandi 
sociologist, discuss the 
new disaffection of the 
working class. In this new 
• ‘ ‘boom-unemployment' 1 

age, governments don’t . 

. need the unemployed's 
labour, crime rises, 
authority asserts itself 
- more firmly. Meanwhile 
the working class has lost 
its cultural identity. 

1240 Their Lordships' House 
Glyn Mathias presents - 
Wghfights of today's 
proceerflngs in tha Lords. 

1245 Closedown . ... 

On long wave. VHF stereo 
variations at and of Radio 4. 

545 Shipping 840 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming 
Today 645 Prayer for tha 

640 TtodayllncJ 

640^40440 News 645 
■ Business News 645.7JS 
Weather 740440 News 
74S445 Sport 7 AS Thought 
tor the Day 845 
• Yesterday In Parfamant 847 

Weather: Travel 
940 News 945 In Business 
(new series) Peter Smith 
reports on initiatives being 
taken, and problem s 
being faced, in afl areas of 
business activity (r) 

940 The Natural History 

Programme. With Fergus 
Keying and Nick Davies 
1040 News; Mecficme Now. 

Geoff Watts reports on 
tiw health of medical care 
1040 Momim Story: The 
Umbrefla by Ronald 
Frame. Read by Graham 

1045 An Act of Worship 

reflecting issues of the 
day (s) 

1140 News: Travel; Tales from 
Paradise- June Knox- 
. Mawar with stories of the 
British who went to the 
South Pacific (3) Spreading 
the Word (r)(s) 

11.48 Time for Verse. With 
John Heath-Stubbs.Tm 
Ptgott-Smith and Stephen 

1240 News; You and Yours. 

Consumer programme 
1247 Rim Stan AJexander 

Watkerrecsb the screen 
career of Jack Nichoteon (r) 

- 1245 Weather 
140 The World st One: News 
1.40 The Archers. 145 
Stripping Forecast 
240 News; Woman's Hour. 
Indudes a feature about 
■ people who fad into debt 
340 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Land of Promise by 
John PerdvaJ. With Julian 
Glover and Paul 
Lockwood. 440 News 
445 Bookshelf with Hunter 

445 Kaleidoscope. A second 
chance to hear last 
night's edition, revised. 

640 PM: News magazine. 

540 Shipping Forecast. 

545 Weather 

640 News: Financial Report 
840 Brain of Britain. 

Nationwide general 
knowledge contest in which 
listeners compete to 

DAY (BBC 2. 9.30pm )s hows 
how ter we have travelled since 

Grade Fields and t'other mfll 
lasses sang Sieir happy hearts 
out in those 1930s 
movies.The trouble is not In t* mfll 
these days, but m t‘ street 
where the muggers fe in wart, or 
in the football stadium where 
the hooligans are.Sheep may stifl 
safety graze on the hats of 
North-East Lancashire (and Mr 
Swallow selects this tor his 
lyrical opening image), but there 
does not appear to much 
stability anywhere else in the 
area.To me .there is nothing in 
the least ambiguous about the 
last thing we hear in The Last 
Day. It is a local mate votes choir 
rendering Psalm 127 ("I win 
lift up mine eyes unto the hiBs, 
from whence cometh my help 
— "} 

Peter Davalle 

become this year's Bfaln of 
Britain (ri 

7.00 News 745 The Archers 

740 Any Answers? A chance 
to air your views on 
some of the subjects raised 
in last week's Any 

7.40 Another Countryside. 

Eric Robson examines 
how. with pressure to 
produce less from the 
land, countrymen wfll blend 
tha nation's levs of 
landscape writh the 
practicalities of living off 
the land. 

940 Does He Take Sugar? 
Magazine for disabled 
listeners and their famines. 

940 The Archive Auction. An 
imaginary sale of the 
BBC South Archives. With 
Ivan Hewlett 

9.45 Kale i dos c ope . 

comment on Time, wfth 
Cliff Richard; and American 
Battroom Theatre at 
Sadler's Wells. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: The 
Battle of Poiock's 
Crossing (4 i. Read by Keith 
DrinkeL 1049 Weather 

1040 The World Tonight 

11.15 Tte Financial World 

1140 Today in Parliament 

1240 News: Weather, FuBtam 

m England and 
mly) as above 

except 5^-6 40am Weather. 
Travel .145-240pm 
Listening Comer. 540-545 
PM (continued).1140- 
12.10am Open University: The 
Soviet Experience. 

, Gershwin 

Radio 2 

On medum wave. VHF stereo 
at end of Radio 1. 

News on the hour. Headlines 
540 am. 540. 740 and 840. Goff: 
US Masters from Augusta. 

Radio 3 

645 Weather. 740 News 
745 Morning ConcertBrahms 

(Larghetto con passions. 
MotD perpetuoiAndante 

Accardo.vioRnL Granados (B 
fandango: Alice da 
La rrocra, piano), Janacek : 
Cunning Little man 
suite. 840 News 
845 Concert (contd): Handel 
(Concerto Grosso In F. 

Op 6 No 2), Putcefl (As 
Amoret end Thyyrsis 
taynetth soloists Kirkby and 
David Thomas), Rossini 
(String Sonata No 4 In E flat). 
Elgar (Chanson de nuit 
Chan sot de matkcNigM 
Kennedy, vioBn, and 

J^rnphony No 1). 

5.00 Mainly for Pleasure: 
recorded music 
selection. With Andrew 

840 Bandstand: Besses of 
th' Bam Band: Baftssat 
(Burlesque. Sinfonietia No 2; 
Rubbra (Variations on 
Shining Rive.], Vaughan 
Wffiams (Variations) 

740 Walton; Nabuko krai 
(viola). National Centre 
tor Orchestra] Studies SO 
under HursLThe Viola 

740 Second Sense Feature 
about hearing, with Prof 
Cohn Btakemore, Prof Ted 
Evans. Prof Jim 
Hudspeth, Prof Bob 
Capranica, and Prof Axel 

8.15 Lindsay String Quartet 
Haydn (String Quartet in 
B ret. Op 33No 4). Mozart 
(String Quartet in G, K 

9.15 La tragedie de Salome: 
ajitefrom Ftorent 
Schmitt's ballet Orench 
National Radio female 
chores and orchestr a ) 

945 Days that are Gone: 
poetry andprose, drawn 
from Noh Theatre and plays 

Helene BreckJVnoid 
Diamond, David Garth, 
WIRiam Hope, Moir Leslie 
and Maggie McCarthy 
1040 Music in our Tsne Lysis 

Bisabeth Lutyens (Six, Op 
147), Loevendie (Music 

Georgia at 145 pm, 2.02, 342, 
442.545. 642. 545 (mf only). 

945 plus special reports at 1142, 

440 am Colin Berry (s) 540 
Ray Moore (s) 740 Derek Jameson 
(s) 940 Ken Bruce (s) 1140 
Jimmy Young ind food information 
from Tony De An gall (s) 145 
pm David Jacobs (s) 240 Gloria 
Hunmlord (s) 340 David 
Hamilton (s) 545 John Dunn (s) 

740 Watty Whyton introduces 
Country Club, featuring Bobby Bare 
(s) 500 Rhythm and Blues (new 
series). With Paul Jones (s) 955 
Sports Desk 1040 The News 
Huddimes, Roy Hudd with June 
Whitfield, Chris Emmett and the 
Huddtiners 1040 Star Sound Extra. 
(Nick Jackson's fibn magazine) 
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Assessing the field at the fiftieth Masters 

looks up 

Dan Halldorson and Rod 
Curl have no chance of win- 
ning the fiftieth United Slates 
Masters which will begin on 
the Augusta National Golf 
Club course here today. 

Thai is hardly an outra- 
geous prediction as neither 
Halldorson (159th in Ihe 
Unied States PGA tour money 
list) nor Cur! (Itilstl are 
competing. What is debatable 
is whether or not the golfer 
who is occupying !60ih place 
can win. Jack Nicklaus has 
found himself sandwiched be- 
tween unfamiliar names in the 
basement of this season's fi- 
nancial statistics simply be- 
cause he has won the meagre 
sum of $4,404 labout £3.1501 
from seven tournaments. 

To Nicklaus the money is 
not important. It is loose 
change compared to the 
S4.&S6JS0 he had earned in 
official winnings alone on the 
United States PGA tour be- 
fore the start of this season. 
What is important, if be is to 
be a factor this week, is that he 
recovers the ability to domi- 
nate the course. 

From Mitchell Platts. 

ft is not hard to see why he 
is struggling. Nicklaus devotes 
more o"f his auenlion nowa- 
days to managing his far-flung 
business empire and holding a 
telephone has become more a 
way of life than gripping a golf 
dub. The skin of his hands 
bears testament to this, soften- 
ing because of a decreasing 
amount of practice. 

Deane Be man, the United 
States PGA tour commission- 
er, says:**They say that Lee 
Trevino does not play enough 
to do himself justice. But lake 
a look at his hands and you 
will see the skin is still tough. 
Lee still goes out there to 
practice. Jack does nou" 

Beman. however, shares the 
common view that if Nicklaus 
concentrated on his game 
once more then he could be as 
great a player as he has ever 
been. Tom Weiskopf, on four 
occasions the runner-up at 
Augusta, says 1 . “1 still believe if 
Jack Nicklaus had one thing to 
do that he would still be the 
dominant player in the game 
today. That's how much belter 
he is than anyone else." 

Augusta, Georgia 

Nicklaus. however, is ada- 
mant that he has neither the 
“lime or the desire or the 
inclination" to do that. "\ just 
have not been ready to play," 
he says. “I haven’t been able 
to generate any enthusiasm. 1 
haven't been able to give 
myself the time to prepare for 
tour events. The major cham- 
pionships, we)L that could be 

So have we reached the 
point where it can be stated, 
without fear of contradiction, 
that Nicklaus's exceptional 
career as a winner of major 
championships is overt He 
has won 17 of them (five 
Masters, five United States 
PGA Championships, four 
United States Opens and three 
Open championships). His 
tally would be 19 if we count 
the two United States Ama- 
leur Championships that he 
won and which Bob Jones, the 
creator of the Augusta course 
and a legendary amateur him- 
self. would most certainly 
want us to do. 

Nicklaus has been the su- 

preme specialist at winning 
the major championships and, 
in order not to endanger my 
own reputation, I will say only 

that the bookmakers are not 
being over-generous in offer- 
ing 25-1 against him winning 
this week. Yet a few years ago 
you would have been pushed 
to get your money on at 5-1. 

Severiano Ballesteros, who 
won in 1980 and in 1983, and 
Bernhard Langer. the defend- 
ing champion, are the 
favourites with the London 
bookmakers. Sandy Lyle is a 
longer shot simply because his 
short game will be greatly 
examined by the treacherous 
Augusta greens. Garth 
McOimpsey. the British Ama- 
teur champion, will partner 
Arnold Palmer. 

The winner? Ballesteros, 
not surprisingly, says 
Ballesteros. Langer. not sur- 
prisingly, says Langer. The 
Americans lean towards Andy 
Bean or Mark O'Meara or 
Fuzzy Zoeller. There is little 
mention of Tom Watson. 
That could be a mistake. 


No sweet-smelling roses 
round the LTA’s door perfection 


trial of 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

The row between the Lawn 
Tennis Association and the 
Beckenham tournament has 
dug up a lot of long-buried, 
half-foreolten issues. There is 
a bad smell about: a smell that 
was even more strongly preva- 
lent from 1972 to 19-4. 

That was the period in 
which, with the International 
Tennis Federation shakily in 
command, players under con- 
tract to the World Champion- 
ship Tennis organization were 
barred from the 1972 Wimble- 
don, Nikola Pilic was barred 
from the 1973 Wimbledon 
(boycott year) and Evonne 
Goolagong. Jimmy Connors 
and others were batted from 
the 1974 French 

In those days of bans, 
boycotts and bitter bickering it 
sometimes seemed that the 
1TF and the national associa- 
tions would go to almost any 
lengths to advance a political 
cause. Players, public and 
tournaments all suffered. The 
same storm, though less vio- 
lent, has recurred in the past 
week or so — and again 
Connors has been in the 
middle of it. 

The basic issue was whether 
he was eligible to play in 
Beckenham's centenary tour- 
nament from June 2 to 8. three 
weeks before Wimbledon, or 
in the corresponding tourna- 
ment at West Didsbury. where 
Connors turned up as a 1974 
bonus and the LTA did not 
make a fuss. 

Connors refused to com- 
plete a match with Ivan Lendl 
in Florida on February 21. He 
was fined $25,000 tabout 
£17.000)and suspended for 10 
weeltf (March 31 to June S) 
from events played under the 
authority of the Men's Inter- 
national Professional Tennis 
Council, the governing body 
of the grand prix. Beckenham 
is not an MIPTC event. 
Nevertheless, the LTA told 
them that they could not have 

No sympathy need be wast- 
ed on Connors, who cannot be 
accused of growing old grace- 
fully and will lose no sleep 
over his prospects of compet- 
ing at Beckenham. Sympathy 
should be reserved for Beck- 
enham, who welcomed the 
chance to embellish their an- 
niversary with the former 
Wimbledon champion. 

The rights and wrongs of the 
Connors fracas and the ensu- 
ing suspension should not 
cloud the issue. The LTA were 
weak when they should have 
been strong. Their policy was 
wrong on two counts. 

First, they failed to stand up 
to the MIPTC on 
Beckenham’s behalf and 
therefore brought into ques- 
tion the effectiveness of their 
concern for British tennis. 
Second, instead of defending 
the legitimate rights of a 
British tournament they ac- 
cepted the authority of the 
MIPTC over British profes- 

sional tournaments outside 
the grand prix. 

Never has the case for an 
independent governing body 
been more clearly demonstrat- 
ed. The MIPTC were formed 
to run the grand prix but have 
since tried to arrogate the 
powers of a self-styled “recog- 
nized governing body for 
men's professional tennis”. 

The MIPTC could do that 
job. But to attempt it while 
running a particular tourna- 
ment circuit involves a con- 
flict of interest that leaves 
nobody ? other than national 
associations with guts - to 
ensure fair treatment for tour- 
naments that want nothing to 
do with the grand prix or are 
not important enough to get 
into it 

The empire-building 
MIPTC. a bureaucracy based 
in New York's Madison Ave- 
nue, should make up their 
minds which job they want to 
do. They have absorbed the 
once proudly independent 
WCT circuit. They have 
drawn the teeth from the 
Association of Tennis Profes- 
sionals. the men’s labour 

Goodness knows where 
their totalitarian tendencies 
will lead to next unless some- 
body - it could have been the 
LTA - is prepared to stand up 
to them. The LTA cannot 
emerge from this Beckenham 
mess smelling of roses. 

From Jenny Mac Arthur 

John Whitaker made a pro- 
pitious start to the World Cup 
meeting yesterday when he 
and Next Hopscotch complet- 
ed a copybook round against 
the dock to win the trial 

Canada's Ian Millar on 
Lukas was runner-up finishing 
more than a second behind 

Whitaker's two perfect 
turns in the seven-horse jump- 
off left even Ronnie 
Massarella, the British team 
manager, searching for super- 
latives. "He rode brilliantly 
and the horse responded just 
as he wanted," he enthused. 

Whitaker will ride Next 
Hopscotch in tonight’s first leg 
of the World Cup. a speed 
competition in which experi- 
ence will count 

The other British World 
Cup riders were glad that 
yesterday's class was no more 
than a trial Nick Skelton, 
admittedly not riding his top 
horse. Raffles St James, col- 
lected four faults on Malcolm 
Pyrah’s Santander, on whom 
he had only sat once before. 

Pyrah's Towerlands Dia- 
mond Seeker surprisingly 
stopped at the last upright 
fence of the course. Michael 
Whitaker, John's younger 
brother, also failed to make 
the jump-off, on Next Warren 

RESULTS: I. Next Hopscotch (J 
Whitaker), 0 faults. 26.32sec: 2, 
Lukas (i Miliar). 0. 27.36: 3. JFB 
Zorro (P Eriksson). 0. 28.11. 

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An urgent need for change 

Sailboards cause 
dinghy doldrums 

The combination of the oil 
crisis, steep inflation and the 
board sailing phenomenon 
during the past decade, has 
caused such a steep decline in 
dinghy sailing during the past 
five years that many dobs now 
face a serious financial crisis. 

With the price of even the 
humble Enterprise now cost- 
ing more than £3.000 , it is 
nnderstandable. perhaps, why 
sai] boards — which range from 
between £350 and £1.200 — 
have become so popular. The 
Royal Yachting Association 
estimates that there are now 
more than 150.000 sailboards 
in this country, a number, 
according to the Professional 
Board Sailing Association, 
that is still rising by 25,000 a 

However, the RYA believes 
that interest in dingbys is 
returning and though numbers 
of new craft have a long way to 
go before reaching the 6.000 
mark achieved by the ubiqui- 
tous Mirror class in 1971, the 
outlook for this side of the 
sport is looking brighter than 
it has done for many years. 

According to the Rod 
CaiT.tfae RY.Vs coach, inter- 
est in the Olympic classes has 
risen to 80 per cent of the level 
achieved in 1976 after a 
disastrous fall in the early 
eighties which many blame on 
the boycott by the British team 
of the Russian Olympic 

The number of new- people 
introduced (o the sport 
through registered dinghy 
sailing schools is also on the 
increase, with 20,000 awarded 
their initial RYA certificates 
last year against 13350 board 

Despite this, many dubs 
continue to face the problem of 
deserted dinghy parks and 

poor race attendance — a 
demise heightened by the 
short-sightedness of many in 
not embradng board 

Far from discouraging the 
new fad. the indifferent atti- 
tudes held by many tradition- 
alists drove their board sailing 
rivals to set up bases of their 
own. many of which are now 
thriving at the expense of. the 
dobs that once snubbed them. 

One example typical of the 
stance taken by many dinghy- 
dubs is Worthing Yacht 
Club.which once boasted a 
two-year waiting list and built 
itself up during the sixties and 
seventies to become one of the 
principal dinghy racing cen- 
tres on the south coast 

When the board sailing 
phenomenon began many 
members treated it with dis- 
tain — an attitude that resulted 
in one enterprising board sail- 
er setting up shop further 
down the beach. Sussex Wind 
Surfing now enjoys such 
strong support that they plan 
to build a £400.000 club bouse 

"There is certainly a need to 
change traditional attitudes 
and ideas” David Wind rose. 
Worthing Yacht Club's for- 
ward-looking secretary said 

Like many other clnb secre- 
taries. Windrose can see the 
writing on the wall and would 
like to see his clnb combine 
forces with the board sailers — 
but not at any price. However, 
with the expansion in the 
sailboard market levelling off 
and the renewed interest being 
shown in dinghys — Mirror 
registrations jumped from 286 
in 1984 to 1.095 last year — the 
time may now- be ripe to 
establish common ground and 
facilities between the two sides 

Barry Pickthall 

Rory storms: Underwood, of the England U oder-23 rugby onion team, eludes Santz, of 
Spain, at Twickenham. England won 15-10. Report, page 38 (Photograph: lan Stewart) 


IAC intending to 
pay women more 

By Pat Butcher Athletics Correspondent 

The International Athletes' 
Club (IAC) are treading the 
road towards equality in prize- 
money for men and women. 
This year's Gaymer’s Okie 
English Cyder road race series, 
promoted by the IAC, has a 
total of $5,000 (about £3,300) 
for the men's and women’s 
winners in the three-race 
grand prix, which begins in 
York on May 4. 

The prize-money for each 
individual race remains high- 
er for the men. at $2,500, 
compared to the women’s 
$1,000, reflecting the respec- 
tive distances of eight 
kilometres and three 
kilometres as well as the 
disparate quality in the ex- 
pected fields. However, David 
Bedford, the IAC chairman, 
said yesterday: "We feel very 
strongly about creating equali- 
ty in athletics." It is a policy 
which the IAC will probably 
extend to their summer track 
and field meeting, which is on 
the Mobil grand prix circuiL 

The question of whe$er the 
increase in prize-money for 
road races is going to affect the 
quality of distance track run- 
ning in Britain, as has hap- 
pened in the United Stales, 
drew ambivalent responses 
from Dave Clarke, the 1985 
Gaymer's grand prix winner. 

Willey is 

Peter WtfJey. the Leicester- 
shire and England all-rounder, 
arrived in London yesterday 
doubtful about stalling the 
county cricket season on time. 
Willey injured his right krre 
while running near England's 
hotel in Port of Spain and was 
ruled out of .the final Test 
match in Antigua. 

Rugby move 

The Welsh Rugby Union 
international. Bob Ackerman, 
joins Whitehaven Rugbv 
' — - - £60,00& 

and Steve Ovett both in 
London for yesterday's Press 

Clarke admitted that his 
track form suffered as a result 
of running three hard 10 
kilometres races, as they were 
last year. Although he had 
been concentrating on the 
road, he conceded that the 
track was more important, 
especially in a championship 
season like this year, yet he is 
intending to run all three races 

Ovett felt that road racing 
might be better in the winter 
when it could help cross- 
country form, certainly a con- 
sideration after the appalling 
British performances in this 
year’s world cross-country 

Ovett, who leaves today for 
two weeks’ training in Portu- 
gal. will run in Oxford on May 
1 1. Nick Rose, seeking to "re- 
establish myself in Britain 
after running in the United 
States so much in the last 12 
years", will also compete, as 
will Mark Curp, American 
holder of the world record 
time of 60 min 55 sec- in the 
half marathon. Bedford prom- 
ised the announcement of 
further leading names next 


Willey: comes home 


India with 
a point 

to prove 

Shaijah, United Arab Emir- 
ates (Reuter) — The World 
Chp holders. India;- hope to 
regain their one-day saprernar 
cy when the' five^nation Aus- 
tralasia CupOthe richest, in 
cricket’s history; -starts here 

Besides cash prizes worth a 
total of $110,000 to be shared 
by the top four-teams, indi vid- 
ual players also stand to gain 
$20,000 in ' the five-march 
contest . 

India wiD have no easy ride 
in the competition when they 
start today against New Zea- 
land, even though their oppo- 
nents are depleted by 
withdrawals and injuries. 
Richard Hadlee, Jeremy Co- 
ney, John Reid and John 
Wright will be missing. 

Pakistan, who beat India 
here last year, are the least 
predictable side and cannot be 
written oft Despite losing to 
Sri Lanka in the Asia Cup 
finals, . they are capable of 
beating anyone,. 

Sri Lanka are only a match 
away from the final on April 
18 by virtue of their triumph 
in the Asia Cup, for which 
they received a bye in the 

g uarter-finaL They play their 
rst match on Sunday: . 

The Australians, led by Ray 
Bright in place of Allan Bor- 
der, arrived here on Sunday 
and do not discount their 
chances. ‘ 

Davies hurt 

Johnathan Davies, ofWales, 
has bad to pull out. of the 
British Lions squad for the 
match ag&nst the rest of the 
world at Cardiff Arms Park on 
. April ItiJaecause of a hamstring 
injury. He wiD be replaced by 
Malcolm Dacey, of -Swansea. 

Shaw accepts 

Stephen Shaw. Britain's NO 3 
tennis player. Iras accepted a- 
"wild card" entry into .the 
British Home Stores tourna- 
ment which will start next 
Tuesday at the Cumberland 
Club. .... . 

League dub today in a £60,000 1 A nnflior foci- ' - _ . v . - 

deal. Whitehaven, sponsored AllOiner UJSl T oMfinH failc 

by British Nuclear Fuels, will »*- - — AJCiTJAMIU lOUS 

spread payments over' three 

Rugby Union, page 38 

British fillip 

Britain's challenge for the 
America’s Cup will be boosted 
by an estimated £250,000 spon- 
sorship by While Horse. 

Scots prevail 

Peter Beiliss and Phil 
Skqglund, of New Zealand, saw 
their hopes of winning the 
Midland Bank world indoor 
pairs championship suffer a 
setback at Bournemouth yester- 
day, .After beating Terry Sulli- 
van and Russefi Evans on 
Monday, they lost the second of 
their three round-robin match- 
es to Frazer Muirhead and 
Willie Harkncss. of Scotland. 

Mexico City (Reuter) — The 
World Boxing Council wifi run 
a second test to determine if 
their featherweight champion; 
Azumah Nelson, of Ghana, was 
under the influence of drugs 
during his latest title defence. 


The question of the forma- ' 
tion of a “super league”, or the 
restructuring of the league, 
remained unresolved yesterday 
at an exuaordary meeting of 
the Rugby League council at 
Leeds (Keith Macklin writes). 

Rugby League diary, page 36 

Moore injured 

Joel Moore has withdrawn- 
from England's European bas- 
ketball championship team be- 
cause of injury.. He will be 
replaced by .Andy InrjelL 




the open 
road v 


The South African Games, a 

n*niti- s ports festival whfch he- 
ms last weekend, organized 
tor the morale of besieged 
domestic spent and intended to 
be not only multi-racial but 
international, have predictably 
encountered difficulties. 

The boxing event, in one Of 
tiie more integrated of sports 
1 ^ , has been cancelled be- - 
cause of current tensions and 
the recently formed National 
Soc ce r League, the predontf- 
aandy Mack professional 6r- 
gaxuzatioo, decided not to 
collaborate. =• j 

Yesterday’s aanoncaran* 
by the government of the 
abolition of aO race restric- 
tions on hotels, restaurants, 
bars and accommodation, 
brought about by economic 
necessity as much as libera] 
reform, is dismissed by radical 
blacks as being politically 
insignificant tat it isa farther 
erostan o£ the apartocM sys- 
tem and wiD assist the efforts 
of the genuinely liberal whites 
who attempt to run sport on an 

•r ■ ? 

Seven of the 20-odd spore 
included in the Games may be 
said to be integrated - to a 
greater or lesser degree. Part ^ 
of tire pasttiro days Mage 

“open”, thoixgh it sboaUJbe 
said that - many blacks and - 
Coloureds do -not hare the 
uppo artimity to participate. On 
tie other hand, m the, free 
outside world, time are few 
Macks of their own freewfllin 
the CMyrapicpido event Or a 
s wa ng ji ag or Baiting. 

However, no one could hi - 
10-yexr-old black boys at tee 

wrestling, tnmbiing about with 

white contemporaries, - were 
token stodges. They were too 
young and umocent fbr that . 
:Tfoqr were there because they 
wanted toheteere. V 7 ;.- - . . 

Johnny Prinstao, a whites 
middle-aged .. juaintenance 
worker with fccor Steel at Van 
der Bffl Park, 58 miles from 
Johannesburg, who was with 
the mixed group from Western 
Transvaal said: H When 1 was 
a boy T grew np side by' side 
with the blacks; they were my 
pals, we swmu together naked 
in tee river,” he said- “It was 
mily later we were forced to 
grow apart” 

To sidestep pressure from the 
iOG, •' who opposed these - 
Games, and possible saspeu- 
sfons by international federa- 
tions, tee weightlifting and 
judo competitions hare foreign 
competitors here under as- 
sumed names from the United 
States, Europe and Japan. 

J _ * 

? V 


■ bj . . A 

*■’ . AM _*T' 



: . 

f^L*. at--" : 


Ir ' 


Tournament profit 
goes to blacks 


■j.. . 


... - 

— N * . _ 

LeMond, of the United 
States, who is not having much 
luck in his quest fra: a classic 
victory, sped towards the finish 
of the 48th Gbent-Wcveigem 
race yesterday, but he dipped to 
nineteenth place, 18 seconds 
behind the winner, Guido 
Bontenjpi, of Italy (John 
WUcockson writes). Twan 
Pods. ofUie Netherlands, and 
Jean-Marie Wampera, of Bel- 
gium. came second and third 

New date 

Leicester . pty*s scheduled 
home game against Queen's 
Park Rangers on April 19 has 
been brought forward to next 
Monday because Rangers are 
playing Oxford United in the 
Milk Cup final at Wembley od 
Sunday, April 20. 


"By hook- or by crook.I hare s 
duty to get competition for my 
wrestlers,’ 1 Johan Du Pl^St 
president of the federation, 
said. "As a sportsman I cannot 

personally change my govern- 
ment. Four years ago Our fotff 
different (radal) assoriations 
amalganiatedl Our 1^060 
competitors, with 20 per.oeot 
of the seniors either black or 
Coloured, are integrated at aU 
levels, and the profits ~iirom 
tins tournament win primarily 
go to biaefc connmmities2* 

- - The problem for wrestiing^ 
and judo, as in other sports, is 
to overcome the apartheid in • 
reverse, by. which ■ blacks and - 
Coloureds . are discouraged If 
tiudr owu people from assdd- 
atiag with -white -sportsmen; 
and the' shortage. Of 

Mack/Colonred ' adumtistoi- - 

tors . Paridy Mazibato, a black 
wrestler with the police, bad 
travelled it 'ernatiot Hlly and 
was aleaderin themaking bm 
was prevented from contiemg 
vrith the federation by his 
police work. 

3 Two teenage Cokrared judo ^ VlSi*) 

competitors wo* understand- 

aWy reluctant.. to give their ^ ’ 

names but said that Things are # . 
changiu^we’re getting. , there 

skiwly' , .;Tiiey luree teeir own 
dob <rf 25 members- wite two 
white coaches' —-a Brit and r a. 

Jew — and brain two nights a 
week: They toff only friends of 
their involvemeat in opeficom- 
petition. — 

Dr . Leslie. Stock, tee fodb 
general secretary, kooeof the 
radical liberals. “Ifthereistee 
slightest racial impediment tu 
mi event of onrsl we don't hold 
it,” he said. “ We're. a.body- 
cootact sport and vreYe com- 
pletely opai, there are no 
statistks-'On. the race- of our. 
members, if mdmdn&l clubs- 
want to be black or Cokmred, 
teat's fine,- but all competi- 
tions are integrated.^ The basis 
of Sooth Africa's problem is 
teat 9ft per cent of whites 
cannot speak to die African in 
his own toagne. When you cad- 
do thatj the mood is totally 
different 7 ' 

It Is agonhaag to witness 
side by side the degree o& 
genidnely open sport conduct? 
ed in a conventional manner 
and the still desperate soda! 

rn itLv -2 

* fiyl^ 

David Miller