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■’L ! 1> 
■j! * 

Sound of 

Wirile Broadway •■f> 
sleeps, song and 
dance shows are all 
the rage in London’s 
WestfiaL. . : 
SheridanT4briey; •• 
looks at fhe ; . . . : • j 

Botham fa tfie ! 
Bmelight S-. 

John Woodcock on 
the first day's play in 

the fifth Test C v 

rates cut 

There will be another world- 
wide cut in interest rates, 
before the end of the year, Mr 
Nigel Lawson, the Chancellor, 
said. France or the US axe 
expected to lead the way. 

Mr Lawson was speaking 
after meetings of the Group of 
Five industrialized nations in 
Washington.. R»sel7. 

Bank sold 

Johnson Manhey Banked, 
rescued from collapse in 1984 
by the Bank of England, is to 
be sold to Westpac of Austra- 
lia bank for £40 million. "; 
Kenneth Fleet; page 17 

Barclays cut 

Barclays Bank cut hs mort- 
gage rate from 12.25 per cent 
to U. 75 per cent, nraldng it 
the cheapest. SOTce -of mort- 
gage finance among die high 
street banks and the building 
societies. • 

Thatcher visit 

Norway hopes that Britain 
will join the “30 per cent 
dub", working to reduce add 
rain by that amount, when 
Mrs Thatcher visits there is . 

Chirac vote 

M JacquesGhirac, the French 
prime Minister.narrowly won 
a confidence vote in Parlia- 
ment on his Government's 
programme Page 7 

Parents’ case 

The European Commission of 
Human Rights has accused 
the Govenuraard of violating 
parents 1 rights by de nying 
them a*”” to. their children 
in care Page3 

Austria has long been without 
serious social or economic 
problems— but its complacen- 
cy has been shaken by a senes 
of scandals 

Special Report, pages 23-2S 

• There will be £4,000 
to be won every day' 
when The Times Portfo- 
lio competition is re- 
launched as FortfoTio 
Gokt on Monday. The 
weekly prize is fixed at 

• Portfolio Gold wM be 
played with new gold 
cards being made avail- 
able through news- 
agents this week. 

• Remember, the 
present blue cards w3l - 
be invafid from Monday. 
Details of the new game 
and how fo nuto sure . 

L Gold caindappear on 
page 3 today.- 

• The £2,000 daily prize 
in yesterdays lines 
Portfolio competition 
was shared fay Mrs D C 
Poole ofWoklngand Mr 
G E Salter-Andrews of 
Shortfands, Kent Port- * 
folio list page 26; how to 
friay, information ser- 
vice, page 16.: . _ 

Duuas up 
naval threat 

• Thirty ships of the US Sixth Fleet; 
including two aircraft carriers, were 
steaming In the Mediterranean yes- 
terday as tension rose between the 
United States and Libya 

• Lord Carrington, tite Secretary-Gen- 
eral of Nato, > agreed that President 
R eagan should retaliate against terror- 
ist attacks, bat said Europeans might 
not support severe military action 

The US aircraft carrier Cor- 
al Sea left Spain and joined the 
earner America in the Medi- 
terranean-yesterday as ten- 
sions between - the United 
States and Libya grew over 
bombing attacks against 
Americans. - 

President Reagan called the 
Libyan leader. Colonel 
Gadaffi, a “mad -dog of the 
Middle East” but would not 
say if Washington would 
stake at Libya or suspected 


guerrina groups becatise of on Wednesday night, the radio 
bombings last week an a TWA said Mr Reagan “openly 
jet over Greece and in a West admitted last night that Colo- 
Berlin discotheque. Five: nd. Gadaffi was leading an 
Americans died in the attacks. — — — — ■ 

Pentagon officials said the The Teal enemy 
^QQQ-tonneCot^Seaaiidite Envoy reaped 
80 antriut, mdndi&g 40 FIS as rtarmt* 

Malaga eariy yesterday and Arab, Iriamic a 

flagship Coronado on 
Wednesday. The Coronado is 
a 570ft utility vessel packed 
with electronic communica- 
tions equipment 
The deployment of carriers 
in any operation has emerged 
as the favoured option after 

Malaga eany yesterda y ana Arab, Islamic and world as the favoured option after 
steamed m to the Meditena- revolution 11 . The radio, moni- Mrs Margaret Thatcher react- 
nean. . The 78,500-tpim e tored by the BBC, described ed coolly to a US approach 
America, carrying F14 fighter Mr Rescan as having spoken about possible use of Fill 
jets and a mix o f attack and • -j n a convulsive, shaky bombers based in Britain to 
electronic warfare panes, left voice". attack Libya, according to 

Livorno. Italy, on. Wednesday. The Libyan leader said last Adminis tration sources. 

Livorno. Italy, on Wednesday. The Libyan leader said last 

The two carriers and their month thpr a state of war 
protective ^battle groups of existed between Libya and the 
abour 10 ships each are part of United States. Asked at the 
a poweiMKavrSixth Fleet news conference ifthe US was 

armada of 30 ships m the 
Medrteicran^Bn. ~ 

. Last month; US carrier jets 
used mjggfefr to 'destroy two 

in a state of undeclared war 
with Libya, Mr Reagan said: 
“Not on his (Gadaffi’s) side — 
he’s declared it We just 

Libyan patiql boats and dam- haven’t recognized the dccla- 
siga an anti-aiicif -ll missile ate ration yet, nor will we.” 
when Libyan ftfreesfired rock- 

about possible use of Fill 
bombers based in Britain to 
attack Libya, according to 
Administration sources. 

The preparations for mili- 
tary reprisals, while being 
taken seriously in Washing- 
ton, may be designed in part to 
try to persuade Western Eu- 
rope to take political and 
economic measures against 
Libya to bead off American 
action. , . 

A call for Britain to support 
a US blockade of Libya by sea 

«ts at ;American^pfeoie$ ovejr'. . In answer toa question as to. and air was made yesterday by 
the Gulf of Sirtc, “Which Colo- -why CotondGadafS-had^ic- Dr David Owen.teader of the 

4be Gulf of Sirte, ivhidi Coio- 

ttpiGad&Si churri$ as Lfoyan ded out Americans as targets 
t e rrit ory and Washington says foe attack, the President raid: 
is in r riteiiaat fo nwl waters. “We know that this mad dog 
The Nato Secretary-Gener- of the Middle East has a goal 
,Tqrd Ca rrin g ton , yesterday of a world revolution, a Mus- 
»reed with Mr Reagan that fim fundamentaiist revolution 
e US cobfd not accept . maybe we are the enemy 
rrorism without retaliating, because, like Mount Everest, 

agreed with Mr Reagan that 
toe US eoold not accept 
ter ro r is m without retaliating. 

But the alliance leader said we are here.* 

Social Democratic Party. The 
United States should seek to 
involve the United Nations 
before acting, but if it refused, 
Washington would be entitled 
under the UN Charier to act in 
self-defence. Dr Owen tokl 
American journalists at a 
lunch in London. 

Poll gives 
to Labour 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

Labour last night looked set 
to win the Fulham by-election 
to give Mr Neil Kinnock 
renewed hope of leading his 
party to triumph at the next 
general election, according to 
a voters’ exit poiL 

Mr Nick RaynsfonL who 
ran a near-fruitless campaign 
for Labour, won 43 per cent of 
the vote in a News at Ten poll, 
against 34 per cent for the 
Conservatives and 21 percent 
for the SDF/L£betal Alliance. 

Jl would be the first time in 
29yeais feat Labour haswon 
a London comtitueocy h^d 
by the . Conservatives at a 
parliamentary by-election, 
and only the third such gain 
nationwide since 1971.. 

For the Conservatives^ 

US nuclear test 
angers Moscow 

From Mohsfn All, Washington 

combined with tbebonusof a 
Royal engagement failed to 
outwent toe disadvantage of 
a traditional mid-termshimp 
m government popularity. 

. The United States yesterday 
carried out its twice-post- 
poned underground nuclear 
weapons test in the Nevada 
desert, the Energy Deporment 

The test, said to be of less 
than 20 ltilotons, could lead to 
the . resumption of Russia's 
luxfoiground nuclear test pro- 
gramme after an eight-mouth 
self-imposed moratorium. 

- Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, recently has 
several times asked the US to 
join in a moratorium on 
underground testing, and has 
served warning that another 
American underground weap- 
ons test could lew to an end of 
Moscow’s freeze. _ 

An Energy Department 
spokesman said the explosion 
1,300 ft. below toe desert was 
intended to examine tire ef- 
fects of a nuclear warhead on 
an unspecified target. 

The test, codenamed 
Mighty Oak. was tire second 
announced by the US this 
year. , 

The US has rejected Soviet 
calls to join the moratorium 
saying it needed to test to 

maintain the credibility of the 

Tbe Nevada test was origi- 
nally due to take place last 
Tuesday but was put off 
because of weather and techni- 
cal problems. On Wednesday, 
there was another postpone- 
ment for similar reasons. 

The White House spokes- 
man denied that the Tuesday 
postponement was because of 
a meeting that day between 
President Reagan and toe 
retiring Soviet Ambassador, 
Mr Anatoly Dobrynin, who 
discussed summit prospects 

• MOSCOW: Tass con- 
demned yesterday’s US nucle- 
ar test which, it claimed, was 
evidence of Washington’s 
“criminal contempt" for 
world opinion (Reuter 

“The latest US blast made it 
dear that this Administration, 
contradicting the joint US- 
Soviet statement issued after 
last November’s summit (be- 
tween Mr Reagan and Mr 
Gorbachov) is still chasing tire 
illusion of military 
superiority ”toe agency said. 

Relief over Goya sale 

Lord Wim borne, who has 
sold his Goya masterpiece to 
the Spanish Government for 
£4.1 million, said yesterday 
that be felt “vindicated" and 
relieved to see toe end of a 
long legal controversy. 

The price paid by Spain, 
which had claimed in the High 
Court that the portrait of the 
Marquera de Santa Cruz was 

exported illegally, was less 
than half its art world 

Lord Wim bo me hoped that 
charges brought in Spain 
against the London art dealer 
Mr Michael Simpson, who 
bad advised him to buy the 
painting, would be dropped. 

Goya settlement, page 3 
Goya odyssey, page 12 

SKth Fleet; • Tripoli radio claimed that Mr Rea- 
mers, were gan had admitted Colonel GadaffTs 
ranea n yes- ability to strike from within the United 
yetween the States as part of an ‘Arab, Islamic and 

wnrlri Mnlnrion* 

xetary-Gen- • Dr David Owen, leader of the SDP, 
it President called on Britain to support a US 
ahist terror- blockade of Libya by sea and air. He 
peans might said Washington should ask the UN to 
ac tio n impose a quarantine on Libya 

By On Foreign Staff 

that Europeans might not Tbs Coral Sea left Norfolk, 
support severe US military Virginia, last October and was 
retaliation even though they due to have completed a 
would sympathize with some routine six-month tour of sea 

‘The Colonel’ demands £2 million 

Bankers’ wife 
in Dublin 
gang kidnap 

From Richard Ford, Dublin 

The wife of a wealthy wearing black balaclavas and 
merchant banker was last gloves and armed with a rifle 
night being held for a and two pistols. The gang 
ransom of Ir£2 million after leader, who spoke with, a 
being kidnapped by armed cultured Dublin accent, was 
raiders led by a man called called “The Colonel" by his 

duty last week. But Adminis- 

Tripoh radio, meanwhile, tration officials said its return 
said yesterday that President to Norfolk had been post- 
Reagan had acknowledged ported indefinitely, 
that Colonel Gadaffi had the The America ended a port 
ability to strike from within visit to Livorno as scheduled 
the United States in his war on Wednesday. Officials said 
with America. a port visit to France will 

Reporting bn the probably be delayed. 
President's news conference Pentagon officials said that 
on Wednesday night, the radio the Sixth Fleet commander, 
said Mr Reagan “openly Vice-Admiral Frank Kelso, 
admitted last night that Colo- left Palma de Mallorca on his 

“The Coloner. 

A gang of three masked 

Cabinet in 
shops Bill 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

The Government gambled 
yesterday in an attempt to 
prevent its Sunday trading Bill 
being defeated in toe Com- 
mons on Monday. 

As expected, it decided to 
Impose a torts line whip for 
toe seeo-jd fwdjng. Fat 2 e an 
unprecedented attempt to head 
off a substantial backbench 
rebrilien, it will allow MPs a 
free vote in the commfttee and 

2k another concession, the 
Government made dear that it 
is prepared to allow a special 
parliamentary procedure un- 
der which mterested organiza- 
tions, inclnding churches and 
trade unions, can give evidence 
to the committee considering 

The move, which met with 
some suspicion when outlined 
to the backbench 1922 Com- 
mittee by Mr John Cope, 
deprty chief whip, was being 
feeing taken as a clear sign of 
Cabinet fears that it could lose 
the Bin to an alliance of 
Labour, Conservative and Ul- 
ster Unionist opponents. 

But it appeared to take the 
sting out of an expected as- 
sault by the rebels on toe 
decision to impose a three- 
line- whip. 

There was tittle doubt 
among MPs that the numbers 
of rebels on Monday would be 
cut by the Government's ac- 
tion, although up to 40 are still 
expected to defy the 
whipJSome MPs who favour 
complete deregulation ware 
voicing regret at the 
Government’s move. Howev- 
er, the rebels made dear that 
they wanted a maximum turn- 
out to influence toe composi- 
tion of the committee which 
will wammg the Bill in detail. 

The bloody victims of Ulster’s burning hatred 

By-Garin Bed . 

The sadden crash of break- 

p pa»;rfng from a deep gash in 
her mother’s am started ft 
four-day nightmare for a part- 
tone pdfirewoman sad her 

fomfly as they became targets 
m toe latest tenor c amp a i g n 
sweeping Northern Ireland. 
Last week, toe woman 

joined a growing list of victims 

of toe night violence against 
toe RUC, apparently by 
hudfine “foyatists” angered 

last November. 

There have been more than 

160 gun, petrol bomb and 
stoning mridents since March 
3, with 31 poPce families being 
forced to leave their homes. 

Yesterday Liz, who feared to 

given her foil name for fear of 
(tether attacks, gave reporters 
at toe RUC headquarters in 
Belfast an account of her 

family ’s ordeaL 
' Jq gs after mMnigbt on 
Wednesday tost week rocks 
were hurled through tire 
gromtd flow window of. the 
terraced home hi toe norto_of 
the riiy where she lived with 
her mother and a younger 

“1 didn’t immediately asso- 
ciated It with politics. I 
thought at tost it was just 
vandalism and I was a bit 
surprised by toe police re- 
sponse. Then they told me 
there had been a number of 
clnrilar ioddenfs in the drri- 
sion that night." 

After her mother had been 
treated for the arm wound and 
shock, the three women stayed 
up bB night They feared the 
worst, but it came in a way 
they never expected. 

“After the first attack I 
boanledHsp the windows from 

toe inside and for toe rest of 
the week we grabbed a few 
hoars' sleep is the afternoons 
and stayed awake every night 
We were afraid, but we felt 
reasonably secure. 

“Just after one o'clock on 
Saturday morning the front 
door was kicked off its hinges 
and two petrol bombs explod- 
ed in the stair well. _ I was 
playing a television video at 
the time and mum was dozing 
on the court). 

“It all seemed to happen bt 
slow motion, flaming petrol 
splashed on mum’s skirt and 
she jumped up shouting: Tm 

burning.' Fortunately the skirt 
material was the kind that 
tends to melt rather than flare 
DP, so 1 managed to smother 
the flames immediately by 
rolling her on the floor. 

“As I tried to beat out the 
fire on the stairs, mum 
grabbed the phone, but tbe 
beat bad already melted the 
cable and the phone was dead. 
By this time another fire had 
broken out further up the 
stairs and was creeping up the 
walls. 1 ran out into toe street 
ami screamed for help. It 
seemed like an eternity before 

Continued on page 16, col 4 


Tbe men bound and gagged 

men, suspected to have links Mrs Guinness and her daugh- 
with Republican paramil- ter with neckties and kept 
itanes, abducted Mrs Jennifer them under guard in the 
Guinness, aged 48. from her television room of the house, 
home and warned her hus- An Englishman arriving for a 
band that unless tbe ransom business transaction was dealt 

sterling, he would never see 
her alive again. 

with in a si milar way. 

During the next 50 minutes 
members of tbe gang wan- 

Mr John Guinness, who is dered into other rooms and 
related to the Guinness brew- stole cash but they did not 
ing family, is chairman of harm the two women and 
Guinness and Mahon Mer- their guest or indicate *hat 
chant Bank in Dublin. Neither they intended a kidnap, 
the missing woman’s family When Mr Guinness arrived 
nor the bank, a subsidiary of at his home at 5.30pm be was 
the British-based Guinness confronted by the gang and 
Mahon Holdings, has had any attempted to grab one of the 
contact with the kidnappers guns from them. In the strug- 
since her abduction on gle he was pistol-whipped 
T uesday. across the free and received a 

The police decided to im- black eye 
pose a news blackout until The three men then planned 
yesterday because of a request to take Mrs Guinness and her 
by her family and fears for the daughter but she pleaded with 
life of Mrs Guinness, who was the abductors to leave her 
born in England and has three daugh ter behind. As they bun- 
grown-up children. died her into a rusty Toyota 

Mrs Jennifer G niim ess who was kidnapped by masked men. 

on Ulster 

By Anthony Bevins 

Political Correspondent 

The Prune Minister and Mr 
Neil Kinnock joined forces 
yesterday to reinforce then- 
support for the Anglo-Irish 
agreement and its continued 

Asked about yesterday's re- 
port in The Times on toe 
pres sure for a government 
concession to tbe Unionists 
on the agreement, Mrs Marga- 
ret Thatcher told toe Com- 
mons: “The Government is 
committed lo toe Anglo-Irish 
accord and to its implementa- 
tion, and will continue to 
implement it” 

But she added: “I would 
very much like, nevertheless, 
to have talks with representa- 
tives of the Unionist parties 
on the matters which we have 
previously identified, and oth- 
ers if they wish to bring them 

The Labour leader said: 
“Continuing commitment to 
the accord, coupled with a 
dialogue with people from the 
Unionist section of the com- 
munity in Northern Ireland, is 
an intelligent approach, which 
will be supported by this side 
of the House.” 

But Mr James Molyneaux, 
leader of the Official Union- 
ists, said on BBC radio The 
World at One that talks “could 
not be tolerated" against the 
background of the 
Hillsborough agreement. 

He said toe value of 
Wednesday’s meeting be- 
tween toe Prime Minister and 
Lord Moyola and Lord 
Brookeborough, the 
province's elder statesmen, 
was that they would have been 
able to give Mrs Thatcher an 
independent assessment that 
the hostile reaction t o the 
agreement was not being orga- 
nized or whipped up by 
Unionist leaders. 

“I know it is very difficult 
always to convince people of 
that” Mr Molyneaux said. 
“But toe reality of it is that Mr 
Paisley and 1 to a certain 
extent have been overtaken by 
the people in Northern 

Mrs Thatcher is shortly 
expected to write again to Mr 
Molyneaux and the Rev Ian 
Paisley to restate her willing- 
ness to talk about the four 
issues raised at No 10 on 
February 25. 

She said then that the 
Government would like to 
establish new arrangements 
for enabling Unionists to 
make their views known lo the 
Continued on page 2, col 5 

grown-up children. died her into a rusty Toyota 

The abduction took place at car, the gang told her husband 
their secluded home overlook- to raise the c*sh and not to 
ing Dublin Bay on toe day of inform the authorities. 

Mr Guinness's fifty-first birth- They gave no indication of 
day and toe day after the how or where toe money 
couple should have celebrated should be paid and it was not 
their twenty-seventh wedding until 8.00pm that Mr 
anniversary. Guinness was able to free 

anniversary. Guinness was able to free 

Detectives in tbe republic himself and raise toe alarm, 
were keeping an open mind on That gave the kidnappers 
the identity of toe gang. Some ample time to get away and 
view toe abduction as yet hide Mrs Guinness in a safe 
another attempt by toe Provi- place, probably many miles 
sional IRA to raise funds, from Dublin. 

Others, however, suspect toe The femily were very dis- 
abduction could be the work rj rr tfT M 

of a criminal gang. rrr-’ r 

A police spokesman ElT 

said:“There was nothing in 

toe demand that indicated ; 

they were part of a paramili- r, T^ /[fe 

tary organization,” ,/ -——✓xTj . 

Friends and family of Mrs i . c~^ i c i*££n i 
Guinness believe that toe dublw^ •> •• 

mental and physical tough- V V ; 

ness that she developed \ 

through sailing all over toe ^ ■ 

world will enable her to ^ . , ^"j" 1 v 1, 1 

withstand the OTdeal. Supt yesterday as they 

Frank Hanlon said: “She is a for news of Mrs 

Hcooa i 



for news 

as they 
of Mrs 

strong-willed woman. We are Guinness. They asked the 
hopeful she will stand up to P 0 *. 1 ** 10 ^ whole 

this ordeaL She is in very good 

The attack happened late on 
Tuesday afternoon at the 
family’s pink-painted home, 
called Ceanchor House, in an 
exclusive area of Howto, a 
suburb north-east of Dublin 
favoured by toe wealthy and 
those with yachting interests. 

Mrs Guinness was at home 

incident as “low-profile as 

A police spokesman praised 
the attitude of toe family 
saying “They stood up to it 
remarkably welL Everybody 
was calm.” 

At a press conference in 
Raheny police station, where 
toe hunt is being led by a team 
of five senior officers and 40 

with her daughter, Gillian, detectives, Supt flanlon said: 
— - - “We are satisfied there has 

aged 23, when after opening 

the front door she £ been no contact since. the gang 

tacked by three men aged 
between 20 and 35. They were 

left the house.” 

Kidnap fears,page 2 

feBT Scotch Whbh 

-JK. ApBb- - 



European commission 
finds violations of 
parental access rights 

Mr Steel 
on Polaris 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
The Government has been dren were placed with foster found there was a breach of . 

By Philip Webster 
Ifolitical Reporter 

accused of violating the rights 
of parents by denying them 
access to their children in local 
authority care in five separate 
cases brought before the Euro* 
pean Commission of Human 

The commission's findings, 
which are still confidential, 
amount to yet another embar- 
rassing ruling against the Gov- 
ernment. which has been 
found in breach of the human 
rights convention in more 
than 12 cases. 

The five cases have been 
referred to the European 
Court of Human Rights which 
will decide whether to endorse 
the commission's findings. 

parents by the local authority. 
The parents tried unsuccess- 
fully to have the care order 
revoked by the juvenile court, 
and were subsequently refused 
further access. 

They then tried to make the 
children wards of court, so 
that the question of access 
would be raised. But the 
action was dismissed on the 
ground that the court had no 
power of jurisdiction. 

The commission found by 
10 votes to two that the 
Government was in breach of 
article six in that the appli- 
cants were denied a court 

In a second case, the local 

her right to have the issues 
determined by a court 
In a third case, the parents 
succeeded in revolting the 
parental rights of the local 
authority, which then applied 

Mr David Steel last night 

Liberal Party defence policy 
when he appeared to accept 
the case for a British nuclear 

aumomy wmen men a ppu«i f ^ 

to make to chJd a ward of ^oagh he made dear that 
court As a result, the High such a contention 

Hi8h such a British contiibution 

Coun denied access could only be part of a 

In a further case, a mother JZ, 

spent periods in a mental 
hospital, when her child was 
first made a ward of court. It 
was then placed in council 

common European force, 
some of his Liberal colleagues 
and allies in the Social Demo- 
cratic Party felt that Mr Steel 
had made a significant move 


care with no access for the THTtfS 

mother allowed, and finally ^ **** 

*W « * *■ 1 * . . * t - *, 

f > ' ' ~ 

recommended for adoption. 
The mother's mental state 

One of the main differences 
between the two parties over 

They concern the right of authority passed resolutions 
parents to have access to assuming parental rights un- 

access r, A . fteT ? JJL if Polaris. The Liberals believe 

children in local authority der the Children Act 1948. The 
care, and their right to chaj- children were placed with 

lenge a local authority's refus- foster parents and the mother 
al to grant access, including was told the authority planned 

the right of access to the 

In all the cases, the parents 
were denied access when they 
wanted it. They were unable to 
challenge the decision in the 
courts, in breach of article six 
of the European Convention 
on Human Rights which guar- 
antees access to a coun to 
determine civil rights. 

In the first case, two dis- 

placing them for adoption. 

The mother failed to dis- 
charge the resolutions and 
sought unsuccessfully to make 
the children wards of court 

council in filing evidence, 
described by the judge as 
"quite deplorable", the 
mother's appeal was dis- 
missed. A further appeal to the 
Coun of Appeal was also 
dismissed, and leave to apply 
to the House of Lords was 

The Commission found 

that it should, be negotiated 
away as pan of the Geneva 
negotiations, but not replaced. 
But the SDP, although op- 
posed to Trident, favours 
some form of replacement for 

Speaking to the annual con- 
ference of the Federation of 
European Liberal Democratic 

The commission ruled 
unanimously that there was a 
breach of the right to family 
life in that the mother was not 

that the delay before the and Reform parties in Cala- 
hearing directly prejudiced the nia, Sicily, Mr Steel said; "The 

mother’s case. It unanimously only justification for a British 
held that it violated the right nuclear contribution is as part 

life in that the mother was not to a court hearing and, by a of the common defence, and 
consulted in the making of v ote of 12 to two. that there its future must be included 
decisions on the children's there had been a breach of the within the search for common 
future. By a 12 to three vote, it right to family life. security.” 



The Queen during a visit yesterday to St Peter's, Old Wind- 
sor, where she attended a service of thanksgiving and was 
shown restoration work at the thirteenth centmy church. 

Family name linked to £1 bn dynasty 

Mrs Jennifer Guinness and 
her husband, John, are rela- 
tively minor members of the 
sprawling family empire built 
up on both sides of the Irish 
Sea over two centuries. 

But as chairman of its Irish 
merchant bank offshoot. 
Guinness Mahon. John 
Guinness is a wealthy man in 
his own right The couple's 
home. Ceanchor House, in the 
exclusive Dublin suburb of 
Baily Howth, is a testament to 
his success. 

Mrs Guinness is English- 
born. Her maiden name was 
Holloway and her brother 
once owned the Bell shipping 
line at Waterford. 

(Ireland). DIY specialists 
Heiton Holdings. Technico 
(Communications) and 
Telecom Alcatel. 

Apart from family ties, 
there is no link with the other 
half of the dynasty, .Arthur 
Guinness, the brewers, fam- 
ous the world over for their 
dark stouL The brewing side 
of the family is among 
Britain's biggest companies, 
with a stock market value of 
more than £1 billion. 

Mr John Guinness 

Guinness Mahon: Dublin 
Documents Bureau. 

Mr Guin ness is a director of Edendeny Shoes. Erin Execu- 
six other companies besides tor .and Trustee Company 

The family's titular head is 
Arthur Francis Benjamin 
Guinness, aged 49. who is 
chairman of brewers Arthur 
Guinness and Sons. His cous- 
in Bryan, aged 80. the second 
Lord Moyne of Bury St Ed- 

the brewery arm until his 
retirement in 1979. 

At one time he was married 
to Diana, widow of Sir 
Osward Mosley, the British 
fascist leader of the 1930s. 

Their eldest son, banker and 
former journalist Jonathan, is 
a former chairman of the 
Monday Glib, while his youn- 
ger brother, Desmond, aged 
54. isa writer of works on Irish 

Other prominent members 
of the family include Noel 
Guinness, former Conserva- 
tive MP for Bath and John 
Guinness, now deputy secre- 
tary at the Department of 

There is also Miss Sabrina 
Guinness, aged 30. at one time 

Routine patrol of 
bombs and bullets 


" gentlemen. Welcome to 

Gavin Bell reports on a Belfast” 
night with the police in John immediately raises a 

Be lfas t metal grille over the wind- 

screen and sends a routine 


through the 
“loyalist" and 

hard-line At. 9.30 a report of a 
republican shooting incident comes over 

stronghokisafBelfestis the 

he wh^^w^HnnPc nf blue lights flashing. 

When the rar doors of the w - ^ jfae convoy and 
squat armoured veto dang , ninme ^ a 

shut 1b e profiles of fire quiet — ^^chap^ 
men si tting feeing each other fined with armed police Et 
are plunged into shadow. Only mbin . posntoandciriE 

are piungeo into snauo w.ym y m firing positions, and 
die dim street iightt briefly ^ for cover. 

2S=2E3L"S“L2H Everything happens 

Ireland’s wealthy face constant kidnap threat 

VIUIUUIrtH, JU, Ul UUV VU4V . .A J , v,l yUllilA UOUUi.llhl rw IUI 

munds, was depty chairman of a friend of the Prince ofWales. automatic nfles and assorted bewildering speed, yet there is 

weaponry. • ™ * - «* • 

no sign of confusion . Paul is 

For the unitiated, a sense of ] on g gone. I spot him in the 
impending danger and the shadows ofa doorway, his rifle 

By Richard Ford 

In 1981, Mr Ben Dunne, the 

Prominent businessmen head ofa chainsiorc group was 
3nd the wealthy upper classes kidnapped and it is believed 

_ . . _ . .. n * r^nn aaa - « e. « ■ 

in the Irish Republic, face an Ir£300.000 was paid after his 
ever present threat of safe release. 


Three years later the Provi- 

ally paid after Mr Tidey was Gonmel and held for four 
released from captivity. * days and later that year Dr 
In 1974 Lord and Lady Tiede Herrema was kidr 
Donoughmore were kid- napped and released 17 days 
napped from their home in later. 

prospect of serious injury or trained on the upstairs win- 
worse pervades the gloom, dow ofa house. 

During the course of this When the bustle of move- 
night, 35 petrol bombs would men t subsides, two officers 

Gone are the days when the sional IRA abducted Shetgar. 
republic was considered a the £10 million Epsom and 

V>' ' ' 

W- . 


Irish Derby winner, from the 

As the para-militaries, and Aga Khan's Ballymany stud in 
especially the Provisional Co Kildare. It is believed the 

IRA. have become more des- horse was killed within days. 

perate for cash to run their Later lhat year the Garda 

military and political cam- surprised a Provisional IRA 

paigns - said to cost £4 mil- gang attempting to abduct Mr 
lion a year - they have turned Galen Weston, a Canadian 

to kidnap. 

The Provisional 

millionaire and head of the 
is Associated British Foods 

short of cash and has been Group, from his estate in Co 
behind a number of spectacu- Wicklow. 

larbut foiled kidnap attempts. 

few months later the 

A series of security success- Provisionals struck again , ab- 
es in the republic and Europe ducting Mr Don Tidey, the 

V.v •• • -V.t-''; . " •'./‘T- . 

• ; . •• i •' ■ .. V- " 

• ' li • * '• A. • • *••• > , ■ • ■■■•■*■ 'A. 

A'-'-' T,, 

be thrown and five shots fired enter a terrace house, the 
at police patrols throughout home of the mother of an 

the city. Two buses would be ruC constable. Two bullets 
stoned by rioters, five vehicles had pierced the living room 

......u l. i * — . i r. _ . . . . . . . 

would be burnt out and four window at head height, nar- 

. - . r **. • i 
^ V- 
r- ,? 

barricades would be erected. row jy missing her. Nobody. 

Later police will describe it saw the car from which the 
as fairly average of the vfo- shots had been fired. 

fence that has erupted since 
the Anglo-Irish agreement 

As police begin combing the 
street by torchlight for spent 

inspector had cartridges and other clues, we 

briefed the two reporters on 


>t • - ' *■'. ; 

board on what to expect The drives slowly along darkened 
reinforced steel of the streets littered with debris. 

have proved costly to the chief executive of the ABF 
terrorists. And the amount of Irish subsidiary, for a £5 mil- 

money coming from Noraid lion ransom. Rumours persist 

has dropped. 

that some money was eventu- 

\rbe-*'- 74 

The family home in Bailey Howth, Co Dublin, scene of Mrs 
Jennifer Guinness's abduction on Tuesday 

“Hotspur” would “stop quite 
a lot of stuff". 

What it will not stop is the 
armour-piercing bullets fo- 

The next alarm is ofa car on 
fire in a republican area 
notorious for snipers. This 
time the police react with 

voured by republican gun- caution. John explains: “This 
men, or those of heavy-calibre is the basic comc-on situation. 

machine-guns tha t have been They set fire to a shop or a car 
known to rip open a Land to attract the police and then 

Victims of 

Rover and its occupants. The open up on us. This particular 
protection afforded by the vehicle has been used for this 

armour plating suddenly 
seems appallingly inadequate. 

purpose before. It does not 
pose any danger at present so 

There is no sign of nervous- we are not going in close, 
ness from Dave, the driver, or "Sometimes the snipers stage 

John, his cheerful sergeant mock accidents to draw foot 
Paul, sitting by the rear doors, patrols into a murderous 


(At wicked prices.) 

Air Canada fly direct from London Heathrow 
( LHR ) to Singapore (SIN) via Bombay (BOM ). 

Air Canada wiU give you a Canadian ranch 
breakfast.CAlmosr impossible to resist and very' 
naughty if you're watching the weight.) Free 
drinks (tut tut). Headsets (Very' antisocial). 
Blankets and pillows (well what would you 
expect). In fact Air Canada will thoroughly 
spoil you. 

One thing, however. Air Canada do leave 
Heathrow at a decent hour, 11.30 am. The only 
morning departure to Singapore. 




Sto For more details contact your travel agent, or ring Air Canada direct 

uK AIR Canada 14h i*m Regent xwi, London Mt'l. ui ■'50 

Manchester 061- Ity om Birmingham OJ 1 - f owr Glasgow 141332 1511 

Continued from page 1 
neigh boors rushed in to put 
out the fire.” 

The three women have left 
the home where their family 
lived for 60 years and moved to 
RUC accommodation under 
tight security. 

“ We were very lucky not 
have been burnt to death. If we 
had been upstairs we would 
have been cot off by the fire.” 

But Liz has no intention of 
leaving the RUC. “I've never 
seen the police as a political 
force. I joined 12 years ago 
because I wanted to help the 
people in the area." 

Another part-time member 
of the force described a petrol 
bomb attack on his parents* 
borne last week. 

“Our mum and dad were 
living In constant fear, so I 
took them out for a drink to try 
and calm them down and 
that's when it happened: two 
petrol bombs through a back 
bedroom window. " 

Speaking on the doorstep of 
the neat terrace house as 
colleagues helped to remove 
furniture, be said his parents 
were moving to stay with one 
of his brothers — twelve years 
ago they were bombed out of 
their previous home in a 
republican area of Belfast. 

Like Liz, he has no intention 
of leaving the force. 

An elderly neighbour watch- 
ing the sad procession of 
scorched belongings being 
brought out iff the house, said: 
“It’s a shame. These are good 
people. The best neighbours 
you could have. We're not 
living in a sane world. ** 

Despite widespread sympa- 
thy a message scrawled in 
huge letters on a wall a few 
streets away testifies to the 
savage hatred of an extremist 
minority. A creel distortion of 
a slogan for coal it reads: 
“Join the RUC. Come home to 
a real fire.” 

appears equally at ease. He is crossfire. 

the “g unn er**. It is his job to The next incident, in a 

sprint out and provide cover Protestant area of the city, is 
for the rest of the crew to deal similar. A stolen library van is 

with any violent incidents. 

We do not have to wait 

on fire in a housing estate and 
firemen have been stoned. 

long. At 9.28 mobile support Several Hotspurs converge to 
units Ebony 5 pull out ofa provide protection, and we are 

fortified police station, situat- assigned to a stretch of high 
ed between a “green” area on ground overlooking the scene. 

Crumiin Road and an As Paul jumps out, his 
“orange” district along sergeant ^ murmurs “watch 

Shankhn Road. yourself ”. Back comes the 

Four minutes later a deafen- jaunty reply: “No problem” 
jng crash, followed by the ror 30 minutes John cease- 
sound of splintering glass fessly scans windows and the 

makes the reporters duck in- shadows of back alleys with a 
stinctively. Paul who hasn't roof spotlight- Nothing hap- 

moved. says laconically: pens. The blaze is extin- 
“ You’ve just been bottled, guished and we pull out 

* Hr- * * 

*■ : 


Electricity price 
cuts likely after 
fall in cost of oil 

■]W' * 

* i 


rls ‘ I 

/I It 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

Mrs Thatcher last night 
backed demands for a cut tn 

Generating' Board (CEGB) 
and the NCB have been 

electricity bills after the dump locked in tough talks for more 

in world oil prices. 

She insisted in the Com- 

mons that a price reduction power-stations. 

than two weeks about the 
price of coal for Britain’s 

would be achieved by the With the CEGB now 

National Coal Board (NCBI buy oil at S7G a ten, compared 
trimming-the cost of supplies with 5200 a ton during life 
to Britain’s power stations. miners’ strike, the electricity 

to Britain’s power stations. miners’ strike, the electricity 
The Prime Minister’s com- industry is mastremg position 
mem came after a 40-minute toctemanda cotincoalroos 
meetinB of the Cabinet’s eco- or threaten to use more oil and 

nomic afeirs committee, dor- Ie *J L c jjjJ 

minictAit Twipwed If tire NCB JS forced into 

fog which ministers reviewed NUJ js rorcea into 

P^Uc spending implies -“SSSSnfiSfiSE 

tfonsof the etectridtyrad »ts,thote would^mmlxa. 
coal indusmes in the light of Wy to more pit closures. Coal 

the oil price cuts. 

board chiefs say thafa. further 

Mrs Thatcher told MFs cm in production cotdd force 
“The electricity supply indus- more imports of high-priced 

try will have to be fo touch fxa ^ because or 
with the NCB about the juices home capacity, 
of coal to enable the electricity Instead they are likely to 

industry to pass on some of press for a freeze in coal prices 
the reductions which people which, when inflation is tairai 

would be expecting since the into account ^onk^enabte 

foil in prices of oil” 

electricity bills to be reduced 

The Central Electricity by about 5 percent- 

Threat to 

see wife 
of fugitive 

By Michael Horsnefl 

Journalists producing News 
International’s four tides at 
the company’s new printing 
plant at Wapping in east 
London yesterday faced the 
prospect of expulsion from 
their national union. 

Mr Harry Conroy, general 
secretary of the National 
Union of Joamalists, told 
them at four separate meetings 
that the union's national exec- 
utive wiu consider disciplinary 
action against those members 
still crossing picket fines, 
erected by the newspaper 
mi inns involved in the dispute 
at Wapping over the dismissal 
of 6,000 striking printers in 

A list of members r e fa ring 
to obey the national executive 
committee’s instruction to ob- 
serve the picket lines will be 
handed to the committee on 

Disciplinary proceedings by 
the committee against the four 
fathers (chairmen) of the da- 
pels (office branches) of the 
four newspapers are already in 


Of the 700 journalists em- 
ployed at Wapping fewer than 
30 have refused to .cross the 

Detectives searching for the 
prisoner who dissapeare d 
from a London hospital ward 
earlier this week said, yester- 
day they had made contact 
with the man's wife, who 
visited him bours before a 
gang ofxnen freed him (Stew- 
art TencUer writes). 

Alan Knowlden, aged- 35, 
from south London, disap- 
peared from St Mary’s Hospi- 
tal, Paddington, after bong 
moved there for an operation 
to a fractured nose. Men 
armed with iron bars and 
ammonia struck soon after 
dawn on Tuesday, attacked 
three prison officers and freed 

After the incident police 
appealed for Mrs' Dawn. 
Knowlden to -come 
forward She was al the hospi- 
tal with another woman soda, 
man the night before her 
husband escaped , . 

; n«t 
1 ‘ 

Move to stop 
grant claims 

The Government is to rush 
through retrospective legisla- 
tion to avoid legal claims for 
several biffipn , pounds fo 
block grant paid out to local 

picket lines.' 'Slightly more, authoriiiles over the j®t six 
than 30 jotirmlisls employed years. 

on a casual bass have taken | 
similar action. 

Meanwhile journalists at 
The Sunday Turns said that if 
no settlement is reached with 
the dismissed print workers by 
April 30 they will hold a secret 
ballot on industrial action. 

The Sunday Times NUJ 
chapel overwhelmingly called 
mi News International for a 
speedy . settlement of - the 
Wapping dispute. 

A similar resolution was 
later passed by the News of the 
World NUJ chapel, and jonr- 
nalists on The Sun will debate 
on Monday a resolution call- 
lag on foe national executive 
committee to hold a ballot on 
whether to call a shrike. The 
Times chapel wifi also meet 
next week to discuss Its por- 

In another development in 
the dispute, Miss Brenda 
Dean, general secretary of 
Sogat ’82, told a meeting of 
members that the print muon 
was in serious financial diffi- 
culty after the sequestration of 
its funds. 

Branches are without elec- 
tricity; the support of other 
unions has been pom because 
they fear they would be in 
contempt of court, and many 
branch officers are no longer 
befog paid. 

She said: “We would hope 
that other trade unions would 
help us.” 

But Miss Dean said that two 
Sogat members wifi fly to 
Australia at foe weekend to 
talk to employees there of Mr 
Rupert Murdoch, rhah-man of. 
News International, and add- 
ed: “The fight goes on.” . 

Environment ministers, re- 
alizing they were about to lose 
a High Court case taken by 
Birmingham City Council, an- 
nounced yesterday that they 
intend to make the law retro- 
spective to 1980 when the 
Local Government Planning 
and Land Act was passed. 

GCHQ acts 
on unions 

The management at GCHQ 
Cheltenham has started disci- 
plinary proceedings against 
the Civil Servants who re- 
joined unions after taking the 
Government’s £1,000.: .. 

They are being acdised in 
letters of deliberately contra- 
vening the terms and condi- 
tions of service at the spy 
centre and are given lOdaysto 
reply to the charge. Union 
leaders describe the move as 

■ini • ' 7 : . — 

m V > •• .-I 

: J’l , 

**■ v 

Canada visit 

Princess Anne will carry oat 
engagements in New Bruns- 
wick and Ontario on a seven- " 
day visit to Canada in June, 
Buckingham Palace an- 
nounced yesterday.. As presi- 
dent of the -British Olympic.* 
Association, she will also visit 
Calgary, site of the 1988 
Winter Olympics. •• ; ; . 

Launch delay 

The launch of Mr Mac, a 
17,500 tonne Gorilla dam oil 
rig and the largest vessel lb be 
built on the UpperOyde since 
the QE2, was delayed yester- 
day by an unco-operative 

wind and -tidb-"- 

Thatcher and 
Ulster pledge 

Continued from page I 


Government on the 
province’s afiaixs; she offered 
consultations with the Union- 
ist leaders about the future of 
the Northern Ireland Assem- 
bly and about arrangements 
for handling Ulster business at 
Westminster; she agreed to 
consider a round table confer- 
ence to discuss devolution in 
Northern Ireland; and she said ' 
that if progress was made “we 
should need to consider what 
that meant for the work of the 
conference” set up under the 
terms of the Anglo-Irish 

Meanwhile, the Cabinet un- 
expectedly considered North- 
ern Ireland at its meeting 
yesterday. It is thought that 
some anrer was expressed 
about The Times report, 
which Downing Street sources 
dismissed as "wishful 
thinking." The suggestion that 
Lord Whitelaw had doubts 
about tbe Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment was also denied. 

Vi*'. ,:£'V 

f ;.yjyS*Vvl 


W-; p . 

KeF1 R H 

Mr Philip Cousseas cefefoating bite fortieth bit 
died in the helicopter crash along with his sons 

birthday in 1984 with his wRfe, Valerie, who 
ns Nlgd (left) and Stephen. 

Helicopter crash inquest Opened 



The six people who wore 
killed in a helicopter crash in 
Oxfordshire last Tuesday all 
died instantly from shock and 
multiple injuries, an inquest 
was toid yesterday. 

Mr Nicholas Gardiner, the 
Oxford coroner, opened the 
inquests on Mrs Valerie 
Coussens and her two sons, 

Nigel aged 16, and Stephen, 
ago! 13, all of Stable Dock. 
House, Tidmarsh Court, Berk- 
shire; their two friends, Mi- 
chael May, aged 16, of 
Brimpton Road, Baugburst, 
Hampshire, and Lester 
Knight, aged 14, of Reading 
Road, Wokingham, Berkshire; 
and the pilot. Captain Jeremy 

Howe, aged 38, married with 
three chudrcn, of GreenhiU 
Road,- Winchester, 1 


The helicopter was heading 
for Alton .Towers in Stafford-- . 
shire when ft crashed fo a field 
at Swaldifie, near Banbury. 

Tbe inquest was adjourned - 
for a month. 

.■5|> ■ --i _ 

.rtj r , . 

’.^r; r. * 

•X; tv, . r 



1 ' - v 

By Geraldine Ndsman and Kdtard W2gg 

The Goya masterpiece at 
the centre of a dis put e aver 

ownership has been acquired 

-by the Kingdom, of Spain, at a 
cost of $6 million ' f£ 4 .t miT- 
uon). Agreement -was reached 
on Wednesday. ni g ht y after 
eight days of intensive' 

* *•. v 

l- , iJ 
' -h -% - 


. — - — lie's, who were to auc- 
tion the painting, the Mttrqne^ 
sa de- Santa Craz, this 
morning, yesterday , disman- 
tled the bullet-proof glass 
protecting it-and removedthe 
picture from view at 8 am . 

The valuation is substan- 
tially below, the $15 million 
(£10.25 million) that was be- 
ing talked of in the trade as a 
fair market price, bat Lord 
Wimb ome, who owned the 
picture throug h a family trust, 
-aid yesterday that, he was 
happy with the price: He is 
believed to have sold the 
picture at a loss. • 

Senor JavierSolana, Spam's 
minister . of. culture, claimed 
that the successful .- negotia- 
tions meant ^ decisive action . 
to protect Spain's art heritage 
and that of other countries, 
who are faced by speculative 
pressures in theart world, hot 
always respecting countries* 
internal laws”. . 

Tire ■» Danish government 
alleged mat the painting bad 
been illegally exported from 
Spain. After Christie's -an- 
nounced m January that drey 
intended to auction the paint- 
ing oil April H, Spain called 
on them to withdraw it from 
- sale and return it . 

- When Christie’s and Lord 
Wimbothe reptiedthat the 
picture bad left Spain ; with a 
-vaM export licence the Span- 
ish government asked the 
. -British High Court id ride, on 
the validity Of. the export 
document .Christie's and 
LordWimbome attempted to 
have the case struck oift- as 
being outside the- jurisdiction 
of the British court, hot tidied. 

Private negotiations be- 
tween. Lord Wimbome and 
the Spanish government for 
the picture’s return came to 
nothing last year. This time 
Sr : Matthew Fairer, the 
Queen's Sofidfor, and Thom- 
as Agnew, the Bond Street 
dealers, acted on behalf of the 
Spanish authorities, while 
Christie's - represented - Lord 

The negotiations were con- 
ducted in the framework of 
the new code of practice for 
the control of international 

trading in works of art, agreed 
between the auctioneers and 
dealers’ associations last year. 
The saga began in 1983 
when the London dealer, Mr 
Michael Simpson,- was ap- 
proached by-SSndr Pedro 
Saorin, a Spanish business- 
man, offering the painting.; He 
said that the Spanish govern- 
ment had given him an export 
licence in return fora favour. 

' Lord Wimbome bought the 
painting on Mr Simpson’s 
advice and it was flown to 
Zurich on April 6, 1983. 


The export documents are 
official fort 

forms and cany the 
, and signatures of 
Spanish ministries. It is un- 
clear how these documents 
were put together and by 
whom. Charges have been 
brought in Spain against Sfcnor 
Saonri and Mr Simpson. 

Lord Wimbome told a 
conference yesterday; 
that I have vindicated my 
name. We bought the picture 
in good froth, but with all the 
publicity over the past year 
and- a half it has certainly 
been a very perturbing time.” 

. Mr io Floyd, chai rman of 
Christie’s, said that the -firm 
had charged a negotiated fee, 
.- Goya odyssey, page 12 

Lord Wimbome with the Goya masterpiece, which is being returned to Spain after protracted negotiations 


>t: f y 

. ri'*-* 


The Observer acquired con- 
fidential Ministry of Defence 
information by bribing a se- 
nior Civil Servant, it was 
alleged at the Central Crimi- 
nal Court yesterday. 

The newspaper handed over 
£1,500 to Mf Raymond Wil- 
liams, aged 39, who worked 
for the Ministry in Bath,' the 
prosecution claimed.' 

The Observer Ltd, denies 
two charges of corruption. It is 
alleged that in November 
J 983 in Bath and inLondon, it 
paid Mr Williams an induce- 
ment or ' reward for orally 
providing information ob- 
Jained in the course of his 
employment, and for provid- 
ing documents, particnlarfy a 
letter and a minute belonging 
to the Ministry of Defence. . 

The company was - repm- 
seated in court by MrWifliani . 
Denny, QC. Mr- Donald 
T refford, editorofTfie^s^rv- 
er, was in 'court. . T:~. -- . 

Mr Ian Kennedy, QC, for 
the prosecution, lold me jury 
that The Observer used infor- 
mation gained from Mr Wil- 
liams in an artide headed; 
Defence Cover^np. Scandal of 
the wasted mflKons. The arti- 
cle was written fry Patrick: 

Bishop and: Ian Mather. 

Mr Kennedy addttfc“Tbe 
prosecution say the money 
was given as a bribe or reward 
to Williams for having given 
that material which was confi- 
dential, material which should 
not have been passed about 
He said the' payments were 
not in question. What the jury 
would have to decide was 
whether they were a bribe or 
reward, or paM for reasons 
unconnected with the disdo- 
sure of the materiaL 
Heradded that the case was 
not about the. Official Secrets 
Act became what was dis- 
closed was not -secret; but 
confidential "matters which it 
is the duty of all employees to 
preservefor those who employ 
■ them”. 

Mr Remedy mid that in 
November when Mr Wiffiams 
had ' asked ■; The ' Observer -far 
£ 1 , 000 , senior 
executive asked Mm 
“yon are; helping cfe out .«£ 
principle, or ;is it just the 
money you are after?* : ' V 
- Mr Williams assured the 
: newspaper that his motives 
were highly principled and the 
money was pud into his bank.' 
The care continues today. 




Intasun Holidays was 
cleared by. the JHigh-. Court 
yesterday of alio wingemploy- 
ees exposed to dangerous 
asbestos fibresduring bufidxng 
work at its offices in Grattan 
Read, Bradford, m 1984. 

Quashing Intasun Y convic- 
tion by Bradford .magistrates 
last May, Mr Justice Russell 
said the accusation was. not 
supported by evidence. 

Lord Lane, the Lord Chief 
Justice, and Mr Justice 
Farquharson agreed that 
Jntasun's appeal should / be 
'allowed and a £250 fine and 
£321 costs order should be set 
a^wfe. Intasun . was awarded 
costs against the city counciL _ 
Mr Justice Russell said t he 
prosecution foiled before it 
began. It had been brou ght fry 
the city solicitor in thename 
of the city cooncilinstead of 
the coundTs environmental 
health officer, as the law 
required. . . _ 

Mr J ustice Russell said 
Intasun's general mana g er 
alerted the environmental 
health authority when asbes- 
tos fibres were released into 
the atmosphere. 

Employees mi' foe fourth 
floor stopped work immedi- 
ately, but there was no evi- 
dence to show whether t hose 
near the contaminated - area 
were allowed to - re m a in : at 
their work pfoces. . ■ - 

Half an hour after foe 
discovery the area was evaco- 
ated by as environmental 
health inspector. ' 



In custody 

A former near appeared m 
court at LWT yesterday ac- 
C9«d of offences involving 
mdecency towards dOdrcn 
aged between 10 and 14. 

The .Her Jan Kaos, aged 53, 
of St Michael's vicarage, EbD, 
Humberside, was remanded in 
custody for seven days. 

The alleged offences, said to 
hare taken pbre between Oc- 
tober 1983 and J* ng«y *^ 85, 
comprise three offtaggery,' 26 
e f indecent assault, four of 
foon against giris* and five of 

Twenty-three offences were 
alleged to have been commit- 
ted atSt MSchaeTs vicarage. 
The rest were allegedly com- 
mitted in- a caravan near 
Beverley, Humberside, a toy- 
by on the Beverley BiA Rnad 
and at foe BikdandTrfal 


The Rev Jan Enos, who 
. faces 28 charges. ■ 


speaks on 

Princess Michael of Kent 
yesterday criticized newspa- 
pers and television for report- 
ing every “gruesome” detail of 
hijackings which served only 
to publicize spurious causes. 

The Princess, opening the 
annual conference of the In- 
ternational Federation of Air- 
line Klots' Associations in 
London, said of the last year’s 
terrorism: "The media was 
there, recording every grue- 
some detail for us. The hijack- 
ers achieved their aim and got 
their publicity for minority 
groups and spurious causes.” 

In tighter mood, she spoke 
of being terrified of flying, 
although she enjoyed balloon- 
ing and Concorde. 

Captain Reg Smith, federa- 
tion president, called for new 
international agreements so 
that no government ~ could 
refuse hijacked plane terror- 
istspamissionto land • 

Satanist quotes powers from Bible 

Derry Main waring Knight, 
the seti^siykd' satanist who 
had refitted totafce an oath on 
the Bible, yesterday held foe 
same Bible in court and read 
from it. 

Mr Knight said he wanted to 
prove that foe Christian 
church had artefacts with 
power, iwflnance and control 
.ova- people as well as 


He said he had intended to 
repay foe committed Chris- 
tians who had given him more 
than £200,000 had the police 
net arrested him. The money 
was banked m an offshore 
awyntf and foe •aftrefr; arte- 
facts he needed to free himself 
from foe control of the devil 
were stored abroad. 

Mr Knight, aged 46, an 
miemployed painter and deco- 
rator from Dormans Land, 


Surrey, denies 19 cl 
©ijtaMng more than £ 
from wealthy Christians by 

Within minutes of entering 
the witness box he asked for 
the Kiag James's 
Bible-Tunung to Acts, chapter 
19, verse 11, be read to 
Maidstone Crown Court: 
“And God did extraordinary 
miracles by foe hands iff Paul 
SO that handkerriiiefa OT 
aprons were carried away from 
his body and diseases left him 
and evfl spirits came out iff 

him. ” 

Mr Knight said this showed 
that the apostle Paid had nsed 
the handkerchief as an arte- 
fact invested with power to 
heal people iff sklmess and 

- “I'm not asking yon whether 
you believe that or if yon find it 

stupid,*' be told the jury. “I'm 
stating to yon that in the Bible, 
that yon wanted me to swear 
upon, a power was invested in 
a handkerchief and in foe 
shadow of Peter mid through 
the dead bones, of a man. 

“And if Christians find it 
incredible to believe, I under- 
stand yon are going to find it 
virtually impossible that in the 
black arts and occult we have 
artefacts of metal that are able 
to control your subconscious 

min d .* 1 

Mr Knight spoke of foe 
rector iff Newtek, Sussex, the 
Rev John Baker, who had 
raised foe money from com- 
mitted Christians to help free 
him from the devil's control. 

Mr Knight said that Mr 
Baker continually tried to 
prevent him retaliating with a 
black mass agamst people 

posing him problems, 

Mr Knight said that to buy 
the satahic regalia to free 
liimndf from the control of foe 
devfl he had to become foe 
head of his particular satanic 

He had a rival, “Giles”, and 
to beat him be had to have at 
least an equally opulent life- 
style. That was why he drove 
Rolls-Royces and expensive 
sports cars. He explained this 
to Lord Hampden, who gave 
him £37300 to bay a Rolls- 

Mr Knight disclosed that 
his mistress, Angela Mur- 
doch, was the woman named in 
court as Miss X, who allegedly 
had sexual relations with a 
hank manag er and tried to 

blackmail him. 

The hearing was adjourned 
ontil today. 





If you have played 
Portfolio 1 

in Hie Times in 

the past, then you win 
have no difficulty in joining 
in when the competition 
is relaunched as Portfolio 
Gold on Monday. 

There are two chief 
differences. First, the 

money is i 
Kl so that there win 


be £4,000 to be won 
each day - double the pre- 
vious amount; the 
weekly prize Is fixed at 
£8,000. Second, the 
number of share prices 

quoted each day in the 
Portfolio list will increase 

to 44, 


Because of the re- 
launch, Saturday is the 
last day on which the 
old blue Portfolio cards 
can be used; from Mon- 
day they will be invalid, as 
Portfolio Gold can be 
played only with the new 
gold cards that are be- 
fog made available 
through newsagents - 
this week. 

Make sure you have 
your Portfolio Gold card - 
ready for Monday. 
Readers who experience 
any difficulty in obtain- 
ing one should send an 
s. a. e. to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

P O Box 40, 



Make sure, too, that 
your copy of The Times is 
on firm order at your 
newsagent, as Portfolio 
Gold is certain to in- 
crease demand for The 

Corporal faces 
minder charge 

Lance Corporal John Phil- 
lip Walton, aged 28, who is 
stationed in Cypres with the 
Life Guards, was remanded In 
custody by Esher and Walton 
magistrates yesterday, charged 
with murdering Michael 
Joannou, an Epsom public 
house landlord, found stran- 
gled on his lawn last week. 

His wife, Mrs Marion 
Joannou, aged - 35 v from* 
Canun Gardens, Thames 
Ditton, was charged with im- 
peding the arrest of Lance 
Corporal Walton. She was 
remanded on bafl. 

Early drinkers 

An archaeological excava- 
tion resumed yesterday on the 
Hebridean island of Rbixm, 
which has yielded the earliest 
evidence of. alcohol in 

A team hopes to discover 
the location -of a mesolithic 
camp at Kinloch, and the 
oldest known she of human 
habitation in Scotland, used 
about 6,000 years ago. 

Judge injured 
rescuing cat 

Mr Justice Roch. aged 52, 

was recovering m hospital 
yesterday after faffing 20 feet 
and breaking a kg while frying 
to rescue his cat from a tree at 
hie home in Haverfordwest, 
Dyfed. The cat 


Writer fined 

Mr William Deedes, former 
editor of the Daily Telegraphy 
was^ yesterday fined £40 and 
had: his driving licence en- 
dorsed by -Folkestone magis- 
trates after pleading guilty to 
parking too dose to a pelican 
crossing in New Romney, 
Kent ... 

Walking leads outdoor activities 

• By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

ac tiv ity was wanting, 
h more people : were 

to j oggteg to ke ep 


hts, compared, with.. 15 per 
cent ra 1977. The number of 
women players remaned foe 
sun e at 4 per coat. Snooker, 
biBards and. pool were in- 
creasingly att ra cti ve vik C 

: 2® par oat tf pereart<rfmentakaigpart,a4 

d 18 percentoTwnm». pg ceat rfaestoce 1977. : 

iey had undertaken a 
ff at least two m3** 

foe vast month. 

imrog sad footb all still 
attractions, Imt 



devotees after walking. 

The figures featere In. a 
booklet, whidt caters gener- 
<H»dy to those fascinated by 
Sta ti s ti cs, although puny fig- 

m . « n - - M iftOJ ‘ A _ 

Between 1964 and 1984 real 
after-tax income w ent u p by 45 
per cent per person. Ihe 
number of Bsnempfefed had 
risen from 400JI00 hi 1964 to 
■ three 20 years later. 

. There has also been sharp 
increases in households with 
cars and other commodities. 

Since 1964 foe number of 

fKTper cent to 3 percent 

vrerepEyed fry II percent* 

veil ns protidutg ft Mam* 

ft rfves detmled : population 

/ nupu» WHH WjBUIUi 

rose from 53 per cent to neatly 

82 per cent and those wift at 

toftst- partial central heating 
wot Bp from 7 per cent to 
~ more than 66 per cent. 

United Kingdom in Figures 
-1986 (Room 58/G, Govern- 
ment Offices, Great George 
. Street, London SWLP3AQX 

What will be nineteen yards 
longer than Westminster Abbey, 
cost almost £10 billion, lurk, 
dead silent, beneath the Atlantic 
ocean . . . yet be no more than a 
sparrow beside the American 

In this week’s Spectator 
Timothy Garton Ash opens up 
the huge metal tube of worms 
that is Trident. 

Is it a necessary replacement 
for Polaris? Or will it squeeze 
the defence budget till the pips 

And just what is our ‘special 

politicians concerned and sets 
out the options that remain 
as time runs out. 

Mrs Thatcher refuses to re- 
consider. But 
she may find 
that she is 
burdened ^ J f with the most 
expensive purchase - politically 
as well as financially - that a 
shopkeepers daughter ever made. 

Also this week, Paul Johnson 
wonders whether Labour 
appreciate the media opportunity 
in front of them. Alastair Forbes 
remembers the indiscreet charm 
of Duff Cooper. William Deedes 
compares the Australian cricket 
crisis with our own. 

And Absolute Beginners’ is 
reviewed by Peter Ackroyd:“It 
uncovers: all those potent little 
seeds of tackiness and despair 

relationship’ with America? which flourish in our time” - 

Would Trident be more popular 
if it were controlled by Britain 

•• In the most important article 
yet published on the subject that 
is“Westland to the power of one 
hundred,” Garton Ash fully 
reveals the machinations of the 

which is why he likes the film 
where others don’t. 

You can count on a good read 
with The Spectator, and still get 
change from a pound. 




* * <r 


The disabled 

Shopping hours 

Local finance 

Policy on disabled defended 


After the Prime Minister had 
maintained that the Govern- 
ment had an excellent record of 
helping the disabled. Mr Ned 
Kinnock. Leader of the Oppo- 
' siiion. said if she really cared 
• about them, she would support 
the private member's Bill due to 
complete its remaining stages in 
the Commons tomorrow 

He drew attention to the 
. Disabled Persons (Services. 
Consultation and Representa- 
tion) Bill, sponsored by Mr 
Thomas Clarke (Monklands 
WesL Lab), and asked for an 
undertaking that the Govern- 
ment would not introduce any 
amendments that would weaken 
or breach the principles of the 
Bill which had received wide- 
spread supporL 

Mrs Thatcher said the Govern- 
ment had tabled certain amend- 
ments which it believed would 
make proper provision without 
imposing undue pressures on 
local authorities. 

Mr Kinnock: The Govern- 
ment's approach to this Bill is 
cheap and nasty. Will she not 
accept that, in both the interests 
of humanity and efficiency in 
providing proper care for the 
disabled and those who care for 
them and save the country £5 
billion a year, this Bill would go 
a great deal of the way towards 
ensuring they are properly 
represented and that informa- 
tion about their ««« is properly, 

Mrs Thatcher. When it conies 
to expressing our care for the 
disabled, this Government has 
an extremely good record, better 
than that of any previous 

We have increased spending 
on benefits for the long-term 
sick and disabled by over one 
third in real terms to over £4.5 

The disabled associations 
made dear when we came to 
office that their main priority 
was a speeding up of the 
introduction of the mobility 
allowance, which we did. We 
increased it substantially and 
made it non- taxable and in- 
creased spending on it by four- 
and-a-half times in real terms. 

It is not for Mr Kinnock to 
criticize the record of this 
Government on help for the 

Mr Kh uw d c Surely she must 
know that no one who is 
disabled or who cares for them 
can accept the description ofher 
policies she has offered. It 
simply does not bear up in 

She heads a Government that 
cut the invalidity allowances 
and cut bock on local govern- 
ment which prevented them 
oven fulfilling their statutory 
duties towards the disabled. 

Will she not accept that all of 
the advances made under her 
Government were originated by 
the last Labour Government? 

If the Prime Minister cares as 
much as she says she cares, 
surely supporting this Bill would 
be a very small addition to what 
she has already done? 

Mrs Thatcher Which of the 
facts 1 have given does he 
quarrel with? We have also 
extended the long-term supple- 
mentary rate to many disabled 
people and extended the entitle- 
ment to invalidity care allow- 
ances to non-relanvesL. 

It is an excellent record for 
disabled people and all of tire 
finances have been found in the 
lifetime of this Government. 

Bill coming to keep block 
grant system unchanged 


The Government was accused 
of a bare-faced attempt to 
interfere with the judicial pro- 
cess when Mr William 
WaJdegrave. Minister of State 
for the Environment an- 
nounced the introduction this 
session of a short Bill to 
maintain the status quo in the 
block grant system for local 

The Bill is intended to re- 
move any doubts about the 
interpretation of the Secretary of 
State for the Environment's 
power to determine block grant 
‘'multipliers" to limit changes in 
the grant entitlements of in- 
dividual authorities from year 
to year. 

Birmingham City Council is 
already taking court action 
against the Secretary of State on 
(he issue. The case is due to 
open next Tuesday and Mr Jack 
Straw, an Opposition environ- 
ment spokesman, said Mr 
Wai degrave was making a panic 
statement because the DoE had 
been advised it would lose. 

Mr Waldegrave said it had 
not yet been decided how to 
handle the Birmingham case 
and consultations were 

In bis statement he said (hat 
generally block grant was paid to 
compensate authorities for dif- 
ferences in their expenditure 
need and in their rateable 
resources. In addition, the 1980 
Local Government Planning 
and Land Act gave the Secretary 
of State power to determine 
block grant multipliers. 

In every year since 1981 this 
power had been used to sei 
safety nets to protect local 
authorities against undesirable 
losses in any one settlemenL In 
two years it had also been used 
to set caps on increases, to 
prevent undesirable gains .by 
some authorities at the expense 
of all others. 

For 1986-87. the then Sec- 
retary of State made clear that 
he proposed to use these powers 
to restrict windfall gains result- 

ing from the decision to dis- 
pense with expenditure targets. 

This year for the first time a 
handful of authorities bad ques- 
tioned the use of this power. 
They maintained that the Sec- 
retary of Stale's power was 
restricted to limiting changes in 
the overall amount of grant 
payable to an authority for one 
year compared with the pre- 
vious year. 

One authority (he said) has 
already taken court action on 
this, and I understand that a 
number of other authorities are 
considering similar action. 

I do not believe that the 
powers could be used in any 

able losses of grant if any oihei 
1980 Act 

Straw; Serious 
constitutional issue 

sensible, practicable fashion un- 
der this alternative 


Such an interpretation would 
cast doubt on the grant entitle- 
ment for every local authority 
for 1986-87 and for every pre- 
vious year back to 1981-82 
under the rate support grant 
settlements which the House 
had approved. 

It would (he said) dearly be 
mosi unsatisfactory, if a proce- 
dure which has been followed 
since 1981-82 were to be over- 
turned. particularly since, 
throughout this period there has 
been a broad measure of agree- 
ment on what the provision 
meant between the department 
and the local authority associ- 
ations. many of whose members 
would face wholly u rummage- ; 

interpretation of the I 
were to become accepted. 

The Government is not pre- 
pared to allow that to happen 
and believes we must fair* 
action to preserve the status 

Mr Straw said the statement 
raised a most serious constitu- 
tional issue, it was a bare-faced 
attempt by the Government to 
interfere with the judicial pro- 
cess. Ministers were proposing 
to use their majority in the 
Commons to pre-empt the de- 
cision of a coun not yet made. 

Mr Waldegrave said there 
were plenty of occasions when 
the House had acted to clarify 
the law to mean what it had 
been thought it meant. 

Mr Patrick Jen lun. the former 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment, said it was per- 
fectly legitimate to legislate in 
this way in order to implement 
settled expectations. 

Mrs Edwiaa Currie (South 
Derbyshire, C) said she 
congratulated Labour- 
controlled local authorities on 
their new-found respect for so- 
called Tory judges and their 
determination to abide by 
court orders if they could get 

The state of the law was 
intolerable and there would be 
only muddle if it was not 

Mr Waldegrave replied that he 
did not think Mr Straw was 
serious in opposing this 

Next week 

The main business in the House or 
Commam ml week wUt be 
Monday: shops Bin. second reading. 
Tl iam a y: Timetable motion on Social 
Security BID. National Health Service 

lAmenoimnt) Bill, second reading. 
W&bMsday: Agriculture — 

BHL remain- 
ing stages. 

T Hurada y: Debate on Alliance motion 
on education. Debate on SNP and 
Platd Cymru motion on regional 

Friday. Private Memb ers ' BUB. 

The main bmdnew In the House of 
Lords Will be: 

Himb. Sea Dtscrlmlnadon BUI. re- 
port s Laoe. Legal AM iSooBamP Bill. 

VSS& rfa ucanon BIB. committee, 
■ t e n d day. 

w nma day: Debates on Grmdon 
Prison: me tourist I n d u stry: and on 

Tn uml gy: Education BBB. ranumtlee. 
nurd day. 

Motion of no 
confidence in 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 
Prime Minister, said during 
Commons questions that she 
bad great confidence in her 
Secretary of State for Educa t ion 
and Science, Sir Keith Joseph, 
who a Labour MP described as a 
“lame duck". 

Mr Jeremy Corbyn (Islington 
North, Lab) had asked: Would 
the Prime Minister tell us 
whether she has confidence in 
her lame duck Secretary of State 
for Education or in the gov- 
ernors of a school in her 
constituency in Finchley under 
the chairmanship of the former 
chairman of Finchley Conser- 
vative Association. Councillor 
John Tiplady. who have voted 
that it is impractical to proceed 
with the GCSE examination 
course starting this September? 
Mrs Thatcher; 1 have great 
confidence in the Secretary of 
State for Education and Science 
and so have my constituents. 
•Later, during business 
questions. Mr John Biffed, 
Leader of the House, indicated 
that there would be a debate on 
education next Thursday 
initiated by Alliance MPs. 

Mr David Alton (Liverpool, 
Mossley Hill, L) said that in 
the debate the Alliance parties 
intended to move a motion of 
no confidence in Sir Keith 

Castro joining 
the capitalists 

There was laughter in the cham- 
ber when Mr Matthew Parris 
(West Derbyshire. Q asked the 
Prime Minister during question 
time in the Commons to 
congratulate Fidel Castro, 
through the Cuban ambassador, 
on his decision to sell Cuban 
council houses to their sitting 

Mrs Thatcher replied: I confess 
I have not regarded that asa top 
priority of the day but any move 
towards capitalism and freedom 
by a communist society is 

future of 

Thatcher urged 
to stand firm on 
Sunday trading 


The Airports Bill would ensure 
the United Kingdom airport 
industry continued to he the 
envy of the world, Mr Nicholas 
Ridley, Secretary of State for 
Transport, said in tire Com- 
mons when the Bill received its 
third reading by 303 votes to 
138 - Government majority, 

Moving tire third reading, he 
said it provided the statutory 
underpinning of the future of 
airports policy, powers for the 
Government to nilfil its strate- 
gic responsibilities towards one 
of the major national resources, 
opportunities for airports to 
reap the benefits of the commer- 
cial, business-like approach to 
airport management and strong 
and continuing protection 
against monopoly abase for 
airlines and pa ss e nge rs. 

L The Bill incorporated protec- 
tion against predatory pricing 
which could harm another 
airport’s business. Competition 
would be open and above all 
free. Manchester would have no 
grounds to fear competition 
from a privatized British Air- 
ports Authority, nor that preda- 
tory pricing from Stansted 
would harm its business. 

I believe we have got the best 


The Prime Minister was urged 
to resist any temptation to 
compromise on the Shops B91, 
which deregulates Sunday trad- 
ing, and is due to receive its 
second reading in the Commons 
on Monday. 

Mr David Atkinson (Bourne- 
mouth East, C) said although 

such a compromise was super- 

finally attractive it would only 
lead to new anomalies and 
nnenforcezble laws. The sugges- 
tiou of passing the bock to local 
authorities would add to. the 
nationwide hotch-potch of stan- 
dards regarding pub hours, sex 
shops and tire flouridatioB - of 
water supplies. 

The choice on Monday would 
be between freedom of choice on 
Sunday observance and the 
strict and costly enforcement of 
the existing crmnaal law by the 
local authorities. 

Mrs Thatcher said it was com- 
mon ground that the present law 

was uneufocceaMe. 

Later, daring business 
lions, Mr John BifTen, “ 

the House, rejected 

from Sir Kenneth Lewis (Stam- 
ford and Spalding, Q that MPS 
should debate the BiD on a 
Sunday to give them an ander- 
standtog of what Sunday trading 
would mean. 

Mr NeO Kinnock, Leader of 
the Opposition, asked Mr John 
Bitten, Leader of the House, 
daring questions about forth- 
coming business, if he would use 
bis influence to ensure that (but 
was a free vote for Conservative 
MPs on the second reading of 
the Shops BUL 

He also asked for an under- 
taking that Mr BifTen would 
discuss the possibility of giving 
extra time for the second reading 

Mr BifTen said Mr Khmock's 
plea would hare been heard and 
evaluated accordingly. He would 
be happy to have the request for 
extra time on the Slops Bill 
farther considered. 

Sir Paul Bryan (Bootbferry, C) 
asked if the Government in- 
tended to have the BiD commit- 
ted to a special standing 

Mr BifTen: There would be merit 
in such a procedure. Perhaps we 
■tight consider that. 

Mr David Alton (Liverpool, 
Mossley HHI, L): Opinion on 
these benches very much sup- 
ports the idea that there should 
be a free vote. Many of os would 
like to see the debate extended to 
midnight on Monday. 

Sir Adam Batter (B usw o rth , Ck 
The point that so many Conser- 
vative MPs object to .is the 
fundamental principle contained 
in the Shops Bill of total 
deregulation: We want - to see 
change and would g enuin ely fike. 

the day and the appropriate kind 
of legislation. I wiH draw the 

■ Home Secretary’s attention to 
his points. 

In later exchanges, Mr Biffcn 
told Sir Kenneth Lewis (Stam- 
ford and Spak fat g, Q that be 
had successfully resisted the 
temptation to become u inno- 
vative Leader of die House, so 
be had no istesfin of acceding 
.to the idea of asking MPs to 

■ attend the Commons on Sunday 


Sir Geoffrey Finsberg (Hamp- 
stead and Higfoate. Q argrd 
Mr BifTen not to succumb to the 
siren voices who thought that 
two hours* extra debate on the 
Shops Bill would make any 
difference. Minds were already 
made up. If Mr Biffcn were to 
bring MPS bb on a Sunday, could 
he ensure that public transport 
and public utilities were not 
working, which was what some 
neorfc seemed to want? 
MrBUfen said a lot of MPs did 
want extra time for the debate. It 
was something to be considered. 
Mr Michael McNair- Wilson 
(Newbury, Q referred to the 
remarks of the Chairman of the 
Conservative Party, Mr Norman 
TeMrit, who bad drawn attention 
to die poisonous effect of certain 
legislation passed during the 
permissive sixties. Would not 
the time to be spent on the 
unnecessary Shops JEfiB be better 

of both worlds (be said). Tfae 
United Kingdom would have 
the benefits of a strong South 
East system, but the Bui would 
ensure its strength was not used 
to the detriment of sound aiport 
development in other parts of 
the UK but to beat European 
competitors who were always 
trying to musde in on Britain's 

Privatization of BAA would 
bring benefits. Employees 
would be encouraged to take a 
stake in their own future by 
purchasing shares in their com- 
pany. The details of the em- 
ployee share scheme were still 
being discussed but he would 
expect benefits to be offered on a 
similar scale to those offered to 
British Telecom employees: £70 
worth of free shares per em- 
ployee; two free shares for each 
one bought up to a total of £200 
worth of free shares; and 10 per 
cent discount on up to £2.000 
worth of shares as well as 
priority rights of application for 
full price shares. 

Mr Robert Hughes, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
transport, said this was not a 
matter of principle but a matter 
of practice. The House would 
not wish to give the Bill a third 
reading if the BAA was to be 
sold off at a fraction of its true 

Mr Alfred Morris (Manchester, 

Wythenshawe. Lab) said despite 
MPs’ efforts to introduce oonsis- . _ 

tency. and — flip put 

the Bill, it .remained large) 
deficient and inconsistent- . 1. 
was a bad Bill and would-makc 
bad law. 

Mr Toby Jessel (Twickenham, 

Q said the Bill should htclude 
provision to ensure- that the 
profits from duty free drink at 
airports would be used to pay 
!. the cost of double glazing for his 
constituents to protect them 
from aircraft noise. 

Mr Michael Meadowcroft 
(Leeds, West, L) said the Bill 
was unsatisfactory to him and 
his colleagues and he opposed 
the third reading. 

Mr Terence Dicks (Hayes and 
Hariiagton, C) said he was one 
of the rebels against the BilL He 
agreed completely with tbe prin- 
ciple of privatization but there 
were lots of things wrong with 
the BilL 

Mr John Carlisle (Luton; 

North, Q said he wanted to 
encourage scheduled flights 
from Luton and they were not 
afraid of fair competition. But 
if Stansted continued as a 
subsidised airport and was not 
made to stand on its own feet 
there would be that continuing 

Mr Michael Spicer, Under- 
secretary of State for Transport, 
replying, gave an assurance that 
regulations would ensure the 
new public airport companies 
would not act anti-compet- 
i lively and against the public 

jlegislatioa on tbe statute ! 

1 The way. to achieve that is by 

■one. or obfli ministers durfog 
Monday’s debate giving ns a 
.categorical assurance that the 
: Government would support 
amendments which would re- 
jmove total deregulation in a 
[suitable way. 

iMr BifTen: I appreciate his print 
^ about the necessity of there 
being legislation at the end of 

Lewis: Debate this Bifl 
on a Sunday 

spent refor min g some of. that — 
starting with tbe Obscene 
Publications Act? (Conservative 

Mr Mm said- Mr McNair- 
Wilson might well have foe good 
fortune to make that point in foe 
Shops Bill debate. . 

Mr Antony Marlow (No rtha mp- 
ion North, C) askedJT Mr Bffleti 
would draw attention to a three 
fine whip being a requirement 
upon MPs to attend a debate and 
net to vote in any paitfcater way. 
MPS would vote according to 
their consciences. 

If the Government Chief 
Whip (Mr John. Wakeham) 
wanted a three line whip it was, 
presuma bly, because he felt that 
MPs might otherwise find more 
.important business to. which*. to 
attend elsewhere- • 

Mr Bitten pH Mr Mkrifr^s 
comments w«re"a reminder Of 
-what Lord Tfaihhum had said 
timi ng foe Fkirfumo debate, that 
a three ihe wlfo was merely a 
summons to attend. .His own 
eiqierieucsrhoirevar, was that if 
an MPdid turn up but then went 
to the smoking room or some- 
thing similar, the whips were not 
entirely detached about the mat- 
ter. People knew what a -three 
line whip meant. - ■ 

PM hopes for talks on 
accord with unionists 


The Anglo-Irish accord, would 
be implemented, Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister 
said during Commons ques- 
tions, but added she would like 
to have talks with the repre- 
sentatives of the Ulster 

She was asked by Dr David 
Owen, Leader of tbe SDP: Will 
she confirm she has offered talks 
on an open agenda to the leaders 

of the Ulster political parties; 


Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Disabled 
Persons (Services, Consultation 
and _ Representation) Bill, 
remaining stages. 

and that Mr James Mo lyneaux 
(leader of the Official Unionist 
Party) on the radio today, when 
he described the talks as not 
open but conditional, is not 
correct and there are no pre- 
conditions on either side? 

Mrs Thatcher: I have made it 
dear tbe Anglo-Irish accord 
endorsed by this House and the 
House of Lords will continue 
and will be implemented and I 
would very much like nonethe- 

less to have talks with repre- 
sentatives of the Unionist party 
on matters we have previously 
identified and others if they 
wish to bring them up. 

Mrs Elizabeth Peacock (Bailey 
and Speo, Q: Has she had the 
opportunity to read the leading 
article in TJke Times .which 
suggests the "Government will 
not honour the Anglo-Irish 
at? Will she confirm to 
House that she is totally 
committed to its success . and 
its implementation? 

Mrs Thatcher Yes. As I 
indicated, tbe Government is 
committed io the Anglo-Irish 
accord . and to its 
implementation and will 
continue -to implement it. 

Mr No! Xhraock. Leader of foe 
Opposition: The continued 
commitment to the accord, 
coup led with a dialogue with 
people from the Unionist, 
section of the community in 
Northern Ireland, is an 
intelligent approach and will be ' 
supported by the Labour Party. 

accused of 
selling gas 
to cut tax 



The Government's proposed 
privatization of the gas industry 
was a sordid and cynical finan- 
cial exercise detignedro save the 
Conservative Party at foe (text 
general election. Lord Sfoddait 
of Swindon (Lab) said. during the 
-second reading debate on foe 
Gas Bill in tbe House of Lords. 

We have heard about propa- 
ganda on foe rates (hejnuQJbvt 

anything foe G ov er n ment has 
been- able to -allege ag ains t 
Labour councils potato to. foe 
palest insignificance wfaetr stt 
beside this blatant mulb-mtihon 
pound attempt, to grease the 
electorate's palm just before ihc 
election- l 

Lord GrtyofContin. Minister of 
State, Scottish ■ Office, who 
successfully moved' tint second 
reading of . -the Bill, . said 
privatization of the British Gas 
Corporation would open new 
opportunities for the industry, 
wtufc not leading to any changes 
in the- way gas supplier were 
managed by foe re^ons. ; 

There is no reason to fear (he 
said), that privatization, win 
meai any less local autonomy 
or that all problems win have to 
be referred to some remote 
centralised authority. . 

-The;. Bill' would encourage 
competition while offering ful] 
and effective protection to .the 
consumer. It repr es en ted a ma- 
jor step in raffing back, ’ the 
frontiers of the pubhcsector 'and 
r e tu r n ing businesses to foe pri- 
vate sector. 

It- .would, allow positive 

enam — but was aU abom selling 
assests owned collectively by. the 
people ibid held In. trust ty foe 

If was sitnpiy tiTenabte Jthe 
if the Ew 


belonged io - - ' nofiody; 

nationalizatkm had ffeen- a 
aa organization, it could al*a$s 
be improved if conditions for it 
to operate -were made easier. 
That happened-.' when .‘an 
industry was taken out .of the 
public ' sector with .• its 
inhibitions imposed - by 
Government, and returned to 
the private sector: r .• • r - v 
Lady. Barton of Coventry 
(SDP) said Site had studied all 
tbe information about, foe 
Govemmenfs proposals. ; and 
could find no single reason for 
privatizing the gas industry. I , 
say that (she smd) as one who 
is not necessarily opposed to 
privatization but as one who is 
wholly . opposed - to ■ foe 
transition of a public 
monopoly into a private oae^-- 
Lord Belstead, the 
Government spokesman, said 
the proposals were the - 
culmination of three years 

study and .every effort had been 
made to ensure that -on foe 

vital questions of safety -and 
consumer protection foe Bill 
should represent a real advance 
The Government. was 
confi dent that in the private 
sector the gas industry -would - 
continue to grow- and -develop 
its business. Tbe public -would 
have to : take on the. the 
suggestion that - the .Opposition' 
would 4 renatiooaiize-- -foe- 
mdnGtry if returned to .power. • 
That . expenditure^ Would . 
presun^yM* pa' top on. foe\ 
£26,000 million to - which ’the 
-Labo ur Party- wa£- ahtady. 
committed..' j — 

The Bill was read a . second 
trmw • . -. , ■ 

chess lead 


Tm calling you from my pocket 

The Times of March 22nd 1986 061 941 7006 will get you the true 

There was a complete turn- 
around after round eight of the 
Oakham Young Masters tour- 
nament at Rutland when the 
leader, Csaba Horvath, of 
Hungary, was beaten by the 
Indian player, Vis wanathana 
Anand, in a sharp tactical 
game of 53 moves. 

This allowed the Polish 
player, Robert KuczynsJd, to 
slip into tbe lead with six 
points after his win against 

. declared the Excell Pocketphone to be measure of its power 

England's Neil McDonald. 
Everyl 1 

' The smallest and neatest of all phones. 

E*CELL COMMUNICATIONS limited, excell house. 

: slim and light enough to fit into a 

pocket ' 

I'd like your representative to demonstrate the Excell Pocket 
phone □ Id like more details of the Excell Pocketphone. □ 

A fitting accolade for the world's 


everything now depends on 
tbe play in the last round when 
Kuczynski meets Anand. 
There are four other p Layers 
within striking range of first 
place; the English internation- 
al master, James Howell, the 
Scottish international master, 
Marie Condie, Anand, and 
Horvath, all with SVt points 
from eight rounds^ 


smallest approved cellular telephone. 

Its simple to use. Measures just 

COUF*ny& tel 

4DD*z:: __ 

NUM appeal 

The National Union of 

7" x 3" x 1? And one telephone call to 

The National Union ot 
Mineworkers Is to make an- 
other attempt in the High 
Court on April 29 to be 
discharged from receivership, 
Mr Arthur Scamtl <tc nr—-: 


tuoviicughAi 1IUUI ICtCI Vt 

Mr Arthur ScargjH, its presi- 
J yesterday in 

Lords rule postal 
divorces invalid 

The House of Lords ruled 
yesterday that Pakistani 
"postal” divorces are not val- 
id in English law. 

_ Five law lords unanimously 
dismissed an immigration ap- 
peal by an intended bride. 
Miss Ghulam Fatima, who 
had been refused permission 
to enter Britain in 1982. 

She had come to marry her 
fiance, Mr Muhammad Aftai, 
of Court Street, Bolton, Lan- 
cashire, who had pronounced 
an Islamic “talaq** divorce 
against bis first wife and had 
posted the divorce documents 
to her in Pakistan. 

Lord Ackner said that, un- 
der Islamic law, a husband 
had the right to repudiate his 
wife, without showing cause 
and without recourse to a 
court of Jaw, by saying the 

word “talaq” (I divorce you) 
three times. 

On May 22, 1978, Mr Afeal 
pronounced “talaq” against 
his wife, who lived with his 
parents in Pakistan. He nrafe 
a declaration, in the. presence 
ofa solicitor, that he had done 


A copy of the document was 
sent to his . .wife and the 
relevant official in Pakistan, 
and the maniage was dis- 
solved according to Pakistani 
law 90 days later. 

But the feet that Mr AfeaTs 
divorce proceedings had been 
started in England and com- 
pleted in Pakistan - made it 
“valid underthe Recognition 
of Divorces and Legal Separa- 
tions Act 1971, Lord Ackner 

Swine fever outbreak 

An outbreak of classical 
swine fever, the first in Britain 
since 1971, was confirmed by 
the Ministry of Agriculture 
fast night. The outbreak is at a 
farm near Bridgnorth, Shrop- 

All the pigs on the form are 
being slaughtered, and the 

movement of animate is to be 
restricted within a 10 kilo- 
metre radius. The owner will 
receive full compensation. 

Ministry officials are inves- 
the source of the i 
infection. There is no risk ton 
human health. 

action oil : 
diet report 

deal Staff 

The Government Is refusing 
fo take action m ariktvjr 
survey which disclosed fout 
s cho o l rhildrep refiedon a diet 

of snacks. - — 

The last .results' of foe 
survey, published yesterday* 
among 3,000 dutifreabe tween 
10 and 15,- coududed that 
nearly aU tbe chiMreu ate too 


But .lt alsv concluded .that 
school nteals : pF 0 ^af foe 
adequate "nutrients ^nd ch3- 
drar were taller amf heatfer 
thairexpectaL - 

The survey, which m part 
ofthe Goivenrment’s fon^-tern* 

nation's diet, asked for more 
education about Jfedtfay eat- 

. Mr Raymond Whitney,'* 
junior minister , at the Depart- 
ment of. Health and.' Serial 
Security, said yesterday: "The 
survey collected a mass of data, 
on which several years’ analyt- 
ical work Is needed before firm 
conclusions can be drawn 'and 
a final report written.'* - 



participation by the public and 
the industry's 

sis, P” ptoyees in 

refits abeatly-^^cssful Opera- 
tions for foe benefit of employ- 
ees, consuatere and foe nation. 

Jjad. Stoddart of Swiodoo 
said the 'BiQ had nothing ti> do 
with mafong foe industry- ef- 
ficient, giving the consumer a 
cheaper service; profitability or 
competition .. v Jlft 

Government ’j Ark of foe Cov- 

ChanceHor of tbe Exchequer to 
fulfil his promise cf a rax 
bonanza-next year. J : 

Lord- Earn,- -jL) expressed 
concent about the ~lgck -of 
provision for coos unier 
consultation . before rfmyt 
were -made in price tarifik- Al 
present the' corporation' notified 
the consumer council of such 
changes, imt under foe Jnew 
arr an gements. . they wptxld be 
made automatically. 

Lord " ~ 

An P ri 


fa? sails 


'if*- - 

.v.'. : 


'*orke ; 

A.. a PPt*al 

Cj. -- 

sr^ir . • % 

r - 


->,r . 

V : ***•■•'. 

-v. ’ - : 

'?•. ' '■> • 




the rules’ 

■ By Gifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

S™ mdas ttnJi ng.flMt only excess of £140 million by next 
durtfv ILSL Trad? ^ *°se parties who had mdKat- week’s deadline, but is less 

tary of State for Trade and 

M “teres* by onmnal confident that a bid" will be 
potential March 4 deadline would be forthcoming from Bamford. 
Diggers tor Land Rover nr an allowed to submit proposals T ■ . ^ , , „ 

attempt to defose an acrimo- dSr^tfor 

fuous d ispute between bis next Tuesday. 

J^efflSdumig the day hE 

the Land Rova-nSgemeci n ™cS,s ifM? 

«»nsc»tium threatened com- Channonk^ps accepting new be f n . ag ?“' , . 

I^ete withdrawal Along with approacfex-Wc haveaheady K a **lieved these threat- 
nvals Lomhb they accused Mr Scdtwo months. Oar back- SE* 9^^ mdnde • aother 
Channou of “changing the ere arc committing very large «0 million rontract to supply 
rules" to permit a last-minute sums of money to this venture *be Australian army with 
approach by a third potential and they crarabt afford to do 21500 “* Iud “S 

bidder, Mr Joseph Bamford, that m&finitelv. The inded- a . specraDy-devdoped ax- 
foe north Staffordshire mann- sion is also threatemng new ^ beel for ver > heav y 

facturer of construction Land Rover export orders dut 5 rwork - 

v :v..- now in the final stages of -Th< , fnr f o 

toe Lana Rover management 
consortium threatened com-' 
pfete withdrawaL Along whh 
nvals Loniho they accused Mr 
Channon of “changing the 
rules" to permit a last-mimue 

sums of money to this venture 
and they cannot afford to do 
that indefinitely. The indeci- 

the Australian army with 
2,500 Land Rovers including 
a specially-developed six- 

facturer of construction Land Ro 
“achinay.. now in .1 

They - were also unhap py, negotathn: 
that he appeared prejudicial Batlast 
towards Mr. Bamford by ar- man said 
ranging to visit the company’s now m«H 

t last night a DTI spokes- 
said Mr Channon had 

ranging to visit the company s now m«A* it dear to both 

Smsus ss *** ^ 

A J.C^mford spokEanan Mr Awirewssaid:“Tbenew SSdS ^ 

said: Mr Channon’s visit was DTI statement suggesting no /**.*”?• “ r 

ammgnd some mo months 

ago, although we were rather - reassuring." But he refused to we tod 00 

surpnsed and of course do- say whether it meant that a °y ^ company, 
lighted when he decidedtto go withdrawal was no longer an An appeal hearing yesterday 
ahead in - the present option. upheld the suspension. A 

c^EJunstances." The Gty is not impressed company spokesman cud the 

Mr David Andrews, the BL - by the withdrawal threat. It employee was disciplined fao 
mam board director who leads expects both the consortium December for a similar 
the consortium, saui it was his and Lomho to submit bids in offence. 

• The first strike for 18 
months at Austin Rover's 
Long bridge factory near Bir- 
mingham has halted produc- 
tion of the company’s best- 
selling Metro. Nearly 2,000 
worms were idle last night 
because of a walk-out in 
support of a colleague sus- 
pended for two days for 
refusing to obey his foreman. 
A further 1,300 were laid off 
by the company. 

An appeal hearing yesterday 
upheld the suspension. A 
company spokesman said the 

Pet cancer 
gives hope 
to humans 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Progress in the treatment id 
qmmaig suffering from cancer 
is offering more hope to hu- 
man victims as well as their 
pets, leading veterinary sur- 
geons said yesterday. 

The Animal Health Trust, a 
charity which helps horses, 
dogs and cats with medical 
conditions, branched an appeal 
for almost O million to fond 
new projects, including cancer 

The rate of cancer in dogs is 
greater than in humans, and 
large n embers of cats are also 
affected, Mr Brian Singleton, 
director of the trust and past 
president of the Royal College 
of Veterinary Surgeons, said 
at the Kennel CJnb in Loudon. 

The bust, of which the 
Queen is the patron, is seeking 
065,000 to buy radiotherapy 
and other equipment to treat 
pets such as Hoopy, a nine- 
year-old Boxer with skin can- 
cer. New equip me nt is also 
being sought to treat eye 
conditions in dogs such as 
Kirsty, a three-year-old Ger- 
man shepherd guide dog. 

Dr Larry Owen, the trust’s 
expert in animal cancers, said: 
“Onr work is of increasing 
benefit to humans as well as 
pets. The exchange of infor- 
mation between the two medi- 
cal disciplines Is very 
im portant." 

Kirsty with its owner, Miss Nickette Finlan, at the launch of 
the£l milli on appeal yesterday (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

to employ 

By Anthony Bevins 

Political Correspondent 

Lambeth Labour Party is 
considering a plan to take Mr 
Ted Knight and 29 other 
disqualified councillors on to 
the council payroll if the party 
is returned to power in the 
May 8 elections. 

Party sources said yesterday 
that the banned councillors 
were facing possible sur- 
charges of as much as £8,000 
each, and the scheme to give 
them jobs had been devised to 
help them overcome their 
financial crisis. 

Salaries would be fixed at a 
suitably high level, to take 
account of the surcharges 
which had been imposed as a 
result of their “loyalty to 
Labour policy" in defiance of 
Conservative government 
rates curbs. 

It is proposed that they 
would be offered jobs as 
special "advisers" to the coun- 
cil, which would also mean 
that they would effectively 
lose little of the political 
power that they held before 
they were barred from office 
for five years, at midnight on 
April 1 

Mr Knight and his col- 
leagues lost their appeals 
against surcharge and dis- 
qualification on March 5, 
when Mr Knight said that he 
was expecting to be made 

‘no risk’ 
to food 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

Irradiation of food within 
specified limits provided an 
acceptable method of preserv- 
ing food, and posed no risk to 
public health, according to a 
report by a government-ap- 
pointed advisory committee, 
published yesterday. 

The committee, under the 
chairmanship of Sir Arnold 
Burgen, Master of Darwin 
College, Cambridge, says it is 
satisfied that ionizing irradia- 
tion up to 10 kilograys (3 
standard radiation measure- 
meat) wo aid not lead to a 
significant change in the natu- 
ral radioactivity of the food or 
prejudice its safety and whole- 

Irradiation, used in other 
countries bat so far banned in 
Britain, can be used to destroy 
the spoilage organisms in 
food; delay the ripening of fruit 
and the sprouting of certain 
vegetables; and control insect 
infestation of grain and other 
stored products. 

The report suggests that if 
food irradiation were permit- 
ted in the United Kingdom, 
regulatory controls and prac- 
tices would need to be intro- 
duced at the same time. 

The Food Advisory Com- 
mit] ee says that there should 
be a law requiring irradiated 
food to be labelled to inform 

£7m proposal for 
Whitehall reform 

By Cofia Hashes 

Proposals for breathing new 
life into White hall by appoint- 
ing teams of political advisers 
in every government depart- 
ment are made today by an ad 
hoc group chaired by & John 
Hoskyns, former bead of the 
Prime Minister's think tank. 

The group, publishing its 
programme before an Institute 
of Directors conference next 
month on creating fresh skills 
in government, says that the 
first main reform of the 
machinery of British govern- 
ment since the Second World 
War wonld cost only 
£7.7 milfioii. 

Sir John, now director- 
general of foe institute, said 
the plan would be a British 
adaptation of the French mm- 
istena! cabinet system. - . 

• •; The machmery;:rf gq^ 

men Lis oot-ofdate and una b l e 
to tackle t& nation’s most 
pressing problems, fie says. 
Ministers' are overworked;. 
Civil Servants wrestle with 
political neutrality; the 30- 
year rule makes it impossible 

to learn from past mistakes. - 

There is no long-term plan- 
ning and tittle co-ordination 
between, departments; outrid- 
ers are rarely used, and oppo- 
sition policy ^prepared on a 
shoestring. • * ' 

The group proposes that 
every Cabinet minister should 
have an executive office, 
staffed by an extra six to eight 
political appointees, who 
would act independently from 
the traditional c are er CSvfl 

Ferry sails 
and takes 

A. Felixstowe ferry was 
seized by its owners m a dawn 
raid and sailed to Rotterdam 
yesterday with 21 striking 
crew members still on board. 

A dozen Dutch- seamen, 
hired by the owners* 

Townsend Tharesen, boarded 
the 8,590 tonne Doric Feny at 
3.30am and set saiL 

The crew, who had been 
sitting in on the freight ferry 
for five weeks, wore asleep 
when the ship left the port 

The- Doric Ferry arrived at 
Rotterdam late yesterday. 

- Townsend Tboresen said 
the action, which came on the 
day talks aimed si ending the 
strike were to resume, was 
necessary to recover 67 con- 
tainers of freight on board. 

The- Doric Ferry had been 
strike-bound at the Suffolk 
port because of a m ann i n g 

The NUS -Felixstowe port 
committee yesterday de- 
scribed the company action as 
“industrial piracy^*. 


One of three social workers 

the death of Jasmine Beck- 
ford, aged four, has been 

Mr W ilKam Thompson was 

reinstated as principal court 
officer at Brent counoL north- 
west London, after atwexay 

shire, which was forced • «to 

ary, has bees bought from foe 
receiver by Mr Charles Wity, 

apri 37 t a businessman- 

Service as experts, researchers 
and advisers. 

They would tackle Jong- 
. term issues, relieve the minis- 
ter' of day-to-day party and 
constituency went burdens, 
and kero ministers informed 
abouTtssoes affecting foe 
whole of government 
- At a cost of £350,000 for 
each department, the proposal 
could be implemented nothin 
a week of any government 
talcing pfffc" 

“Executive offices would 
represen t the first step towards 
a technology for the 1990s,” 
the group says. 

Executive offices could be 
created with only a parliamen- 
tary statement .by the Prime 
Minister and a “miBute" ad- 
justment -in- departmental 
budgets. “Lodger term 
changes would require lengthy 
debate within Parliament; 
many woukT require detailed 
legislation. We put forward 
here a first step on which the 
more cautions reformers and 
foe more radical should be 
able to find common ground." 

The paper, titled Re-skilling 
Government, has been written 
by Mr Peter Hennessy of the 
Policy Studies Institute; Mr 
Graham Mather, bead of the 
institute's policy unit; Mr 
Norman Stranss, formerly of 
the Downing Street policy 
unit; and Dr William Wallace, 
of the Royal Institute for 
International Aflairs, and will 
be submitted to a conference 
at foe institute on May 12. 

I Rare sand 
ideal home 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

A dutch of young lizards 
will be let loose in sand doses 
near the . Royal Birkdale goK 
corase on Merseyside today in 
an effort to protect one of 
Britain’s most rare wild ani- 
mals from extraction. 

They are sand fizards, 
which are larger and. mere 
colourful than foe common 
lizard that is somet i mes found 
.in gardens. \ 

Mr Keith Corbett, who 
brought foe three-incb-lwag 
newcomers to . Merseyside 
from a reptile form in Surrey, 
said that foe sand lizards 
looked different from their 

wmfa* jpgwirtwfn li PflHihmii, 

Sand fizards, which lived 
among marram grass, were 
more striped than foe spotted 
ones that lived in heather. 
“The sand fizards, have been 
striated for at least 2,000 
years,” Mr Corbett, who is 

conservation officer for the 
British Herpeftriogca l Soci- 
ety, said. 

Reptile researchers befieve 
that there are only between 
5,000 and 10,000 sand fizards 
left in Britain, of which most 
live in Doraet heathland with a 
few surviving near the western 
boundaries f* Surrey. A few 
hundred also survive in ideal 
conditions in sand dunes at 

The animals are Bot poisoo- 
oqs, mid have the highest 
drone of protection under 
wSdfife law. Mr Gorbett said 
that 50 years ago there were 
about 10,000 of the animals 
near Southport. 

The society had started to 
rapture wild sand lizards with 
the penmsskm of 'foe Nature 
Conserv an cy Council, the 
wildlife qua^o. 

. TH» animate were then en- 

cottraged to lay eggs at foe 
Surrey form, and m the year 
after breeding the hatched 
offspring were hit loose in the 

Mr Hardy and his Merlin phone system 
perform the illusion of transporting Birmingham 

Bull Ring to Cannon Street, EC4. 



E rnest Hardy was no ordinary 
head of a nationwide business. 
He was a man with un- 
common vision and an unusual 
sense of theatre, i 

“the Birmingham branch. Apparently 
in this very building. An illusion, of 
course. But magnificently effected by 


This was never more evident 
than today as he prepared to 
introduce the Board to their new 
Merlin DX communications system 
from British Telecom. 

“As from today" began Hardy, 
“we shall be working far more 
closely with our Birmingham and 
Brighton branches. You may in . 
fact assume that they now share 
this very building.” The Board 
looked round uneasily. 

“Allow me to effect a small 
demonstration.” Hardy turned to 
his assistant. “Miss Snow^ would 
you be so kind? Gentlemen, I need 
barely remind you of the time, 
trouble and expense it takes to 
reach our Birmingham office.” The 
Board nodded, recalling forgotten 
numbers and frayed tempers. 
“Miss Snow, would you dial 4596. 
Apparently an internal number; 
Gentlemen, 4596? Miss Snow complied, 
with a flourish. 



Almost instantly she replied to 
the voice and replaced the receiver. 
“That was Hargreaves from the 
Birmingham officer 

“As promised^ announced Hardy, 

our Merlin DX communications system!' 

“Remarkable indeed, but. Gentlemen, 
we must not think only of ourselves. 

A single set of operators and a single 
set of equipment here in Cannon 
Street will now be able to service 
the whole company. More satisfied 
customers, quicker responses, seconds 
saved on every call. It’s all time in 
the bank. Gentlemen.” 


“There’s more. Gentlemen. Data’/ 
Hardy whipped a black cloth from 
the table before him to reveal a 

keyboard and screen. “Suppose I want 
to work with files from the Brighton 
office. A simple case of one, two, three 
and presto!” Hardy’s fingers danced 
over the keyboard and the screen . 
began to fill with text. “Data, 
Gentlemen, down the telephone 
line. I give you the Merlin DX 
communications system from 
British Telecom in all its 
considerable glory.” It was a little 
dramatic, but Hardy was in a 
thespian mood. 


The Board applauded 
enthusiastically. “The dawn of a 
new beginning. We now have a 
system that allows us to pool our 
resources, to share knowledge and 
experience.” Hardy stopped. He • 
had succeeded in transporting both : 
Birmingham Bull Ring and the 
Brighton branch to Cannon Street 
He had presented them with the 
Merlin DX communications system. : 
What more could anyone w r ant? 

Merlin is British Telecom's exclusive brand or highly • 
compatible electronic business products and systems, 
supported by BT” s outstanding sen-ice and technical back-up. 

For more in form at ion, cull FREEFONE MERLIN or send the • 
coupon to Victor Brand. British Telecom Merlin, FREEPOST, 
London S\V 19 SBR. ’ 





Phone Systems □ DataeonimsD Other 


; Merlin 

Business systems from British Telecom- 

Merlin DX 
Phone System 


Merlin >ie\ 
tr shuts 


MessjRins Ter mnub 

Merlin Tbntn 

Merlin Call 
MaiMHtinnil Stuenn 

F«e,innL- TeriunuL 

Merlm Miiiurfh 
Phonv £> Pein 



• : • .1 

•’i- % t 

|Our new Terminal opens on April 12 , 1986 .) 

From tomorrow, there’ll be a faster new way 
to leave the country. Heathrow’s new Terminal 4. 
All British Airways flights to Paris and 

Amsterdam and all their Intercontinental services at the Terminal 4 stop. 

• t • 

And if it’s Terminal 4, how to get there. ft" ft;- 
By car, that means following the special road ft 
signs on the motorways. By bus, it means getting off ; 

including Concorde, will take off from there. 

4 As will all KLM, NLM and Air Malta flights. 


-- But if you’re using our new EXIT TO 


~ Terminal, there’s something you 

i ought to know. 

~ It can’t be reached the same way JR 
as Terminals 1, 2 and 3. $ I 

;■ So. it’s more important than ^ 

r: ever to know which Terminal to 

report to. la 


^Uas ST. 3. <53 <=* = 4=W 



E*!T TO 

By tube, it means using the new Terminal 4:; 
station between Hatton Cross and Heathrow Central/ ' 
a. 1 Terminal 4 cost £200 mill i nn 
to build. (Not a penny of it, by the 
way, from the pockets of tax payers.) I’ 

^<==^5^ “ We think it’s one of the freSt 

t airport terminals in Europe. ' ^ 
Fly through 
it soon and see 
— _ if you agree. 

A . British . 


iThe World’s Most Successful International Airport System 


•V ' \7 -.V. 



dramafie-Thg -Shift 

. % thcPLO 
foot outside 

camp south of '._ drove his^ carload of explo- 

cbeckp o int manned by gun- 
men of JsraeTs proxy “South 



inese bomber 

zone north, sxvesnp from the south, from 
insidelbe Israefr-occnpied ter- 

Thert is equal evidence in 
routhem Lrtwnon that Israel's 

Ji jymwepilrtiii it iwn grimi . 

lar tactics to the antikisiadi 
goorillas and the PLO, being 
allowed by toe Israelis to fire 
tndisqdbcninately into Muslim 
yiDagto to toe north. 

1 ■ In soqe of toe. viBages, the 
local population; em 
by^tcKtent^ of harsh Israeli 
dining their latest 
.. .. _ igh UN lilies, _ 

aOowipgl-BdboUah members 
to take Over' from the moder- 
ate Antal militia Israel had 
■once hoped ' would prevent 

. There are rifts within the 
local Amal movement, and 

3ntSjritfs control over the 
ELO iaidnsoo hasxdearty 
been broken.- And if die 
feraefisfiafr the renewed Pales- 
tinian guerrilla presence 

forced ^ a pmoffiEial 

Lebanon all over again — ami itreatmeat. 
ri fe own ^occupation zone is 

tx>mS, iJ^fcr attack by Leba- 
nese- resistance 

: TJjprc is amtfc evidence of 
this, ixrtjast in die Katyusha 
zoticeb which have been fell- 
ing into lsraeTs occupation 
area and inside its own territo- 
ry bcfein . Tiithftrt n 

umeveakd — ofthis. wade's 
suicide car bomb attack on & 



Lebanese Hezbollah gunmen 
have-amved from the Belcaa 
and from Beirut. 

as the real enemy of Washington 

_ Of * West feeffia 
nfghtrirt, in. whkh'twp people 

Bprthose who placed the 
bomb that exploded on the 
TWA afafintr over Grace last 
week are thoogK to be in 
b ffity ftrjhn attack — which 
are believed to f -are o rig in ate d 
wkh Aba NfoaTg movement — 
to Western news 
Ihint'*- . . 
fact A the jwTedrffte 

threats grint fre 

by AbnNIdaTs group. 
In artatenert which was 
hqdl ignored at the time; 
_Ab« NidaTseffice, which op- 
erates with Syrian Govern- 
vent approval, dm o urr d oa 
tfUH. -March 26 what jt . called - 
* >.- > '■■■ -^NMamahJ* American ag- 
ptaAaa {agahnt IAya)” and 

Britons still Bye in , 

trie safety mder the Ciadaffi 
regime. In West B enin, 49 
foreigners have been Hd- 
nappedea die past 26 

to d fl wn t groups — several 
or which 1 have mks to Iran, 
Syria and AbaNidaL 

Mere than 250 US ndlftaxy 
pers o nnel fed in fee b o uilnna 
'of the US Marine base in 
■Brimt h October 1983; but 
the Americans leftLrfmaen in 
February 1984 without aveng- 
mg the The 
who hijacked the TWA Jet to 
Mntl u t gn me f iwe Leba- 
nese and still five in Lebanon. 

If America has real 
ia the Middle East, therefore, 
toey are far more likely to be 
ftod h the levant than 
GadaffiY aapleaa 
even though the colo- 
has paJblidzed W own 
wwmmI wHw itift Abu 
Nidal • T 

The Isrmefis are ttettsdiw 

frwi IIB» M Vyorty 'a ♦atlrTHQ a f ftf'ii wdHBty nf a 

Igcomrevohti— riea**: warwith Syria, though sneha 
safe? statement/ aba- ^veataeis not likely hi provide 
Arab * ^reactionary many benefit? for either sT 
— m other : The- Iranians present an « 

Arab - govern- more fearsome adversary to 

— ■ to --ammort ijLflna.- aievnae -advecatina retafiatmr 
■ « .7 .7.*- ^ • ■ * 

^MMvas Wendf tfpeatieaamy a itacafc . • - 

to-Hghten, toe Gulf States : America b therefore not 
.width, while regarding Ctikh likely to vent Its safer open 
.’id with intense ds- die nations whose poucfes-*ad 

. taste, me fro- more ri wiffrpfd' -Hinnmlwi tiwith the 

p in fet faadn iffitoy ad- greatest threat; which Is why 
jester- vances agafostlrag than sibent IfeV pace in President 
f.-foad Libya. Syria is Iran's principal Reagan's partheoa of viHims 
Arab ally. is regarded la die Arab wedd 

In Ldya, a few handred with more than a Kttte 
Americans wad np to 5,000 cynicism. 

fecsills eiiyoy after threats 


than 60 Gm*i~- 
increase oyet^- 
: offheppcwds-ffsfr 

The . 

wcht -wp ftarthcr — 

c oB fe d-mi»K^ 

end nrilitafy targets in Spam 
and Italy if die US affeked. 

“ He -was quoted by- the 

May Mansur who Greek and 
TWA oflSdals say is the prime 
suspect in the bombing of a 

lajjan. news aamcy Janh as . TWA plane _Jast week, was 
: ' ‘ au Arab and . interrogated by Lebanon’i top 

judidal ofikaais yesterday. . 

Ing magistrate, azkl General 
Tawzi Dasher, file militaiiy 
prosecutor-general, ques- 
tioned her separately at police 
headquarters in Tripoli 

saying that 
Eurouean countries 
\_sBppoxt to.ihe US audits Sixth 
j fleet in the Mediterranean 
feddbe involved. :*• 

The US has a naval base 
- and thoreejUr bases in Spain. : 
• TRffOU, Lfeuimu Mrs 

■om preference on 
race ot sot 

■jtf mtmier and jaded for life 

Italy keeps its cool 
over the lethal wine 

The measure does no moire 
than increase- penalties for 
adulteration^ while .bringing 


Paodotfi, ,the ™i«m Munster 
of Agriculture, Ifefe that “the 

wwst is. how ' ovif” a$er 
Cabinet last n^ht approved 
his fens , to; combat lethal 
^alteration of wines <P«Er 

drinking north Italian wines - e -“in:. order to ..overcome the 
remfbrocd wkh m«hyi afed- inertia which Jat' times, has 
hdk reflects his attitude. - . * : been e vident”. : - > 

intoforce a BdlbeforePariia- 
juent for jnore titan a year 
pving theMinistry of Agricul- 
ture more injectors. . 

. Representatives of local 
government are also called on 
to take preventive measures 

aid call 

Fnm Christopher Thomas 

President Reagan has called 
on the Htmre of Representa- 
tives to “show the world that 
the United States is deter- 
mined to defend freedom in 
Central America” by voting 
next to resume military 
aid to the Nicaraguan Contras. 

The vote, scheduled for 
Tuesday, looks certain to lead 
•to the resumption of aid, 
which was cut off by Congress 
in mid- 1984. The only argu- 
ment dividing the RqnUi- 
cans and Democrats seems to 
be over preconditions for 
attemptin g peace negotiations 
before releasing the money. 

■ At his press conference on 
Tuesday night; Mr Reagan 
refereed several times to the 
“bipartisan” nature of con- 
policy towards 

Although Democrat leaders 
might scam at the word, it is 
now dear- that opposition 
opinion . in the House has 
moved almost alongside that 
of the Republicans, who want 
to continue America’s dose, 
entanglement with the 

Mr Reagan cited recent 
Nicaraguan raids into Hondu- 
ras as “a seaich-and-destroy 
mission to kill off the freedom 
fighters”/ He said the “Sandi- 

ni Sfrfl CTffli mH i i r frr had lOtpO- 

doed the Contadora peace 
talks in Panama City, which 
foundered on Monday. 

“These events demonstrate 
that the Nicaraguan commu- 
nists will never make peace 
with their neighbours, or with -, 
their, own people, imleas the 
pressure on them increases 
. . . The communists must 
realize that they cannot crush 
their opponents — and our 
fl«i^ann» ran enSURS that the 
fir f .e <foin fi ghters are not 

cr ushed That »?d*tanrr will 
give Nicaraguans a choice and 

Mr Reagan fielding a -qnestioiii at his press conference^ 

give diplomacy 

it wffl 

• On South Africa, Mr Rea- 
gan »»d President Bfttha 
found South Africa’s “past 
system” repugnant and was 
trying to effect changes as 
quickly as pn«nhte America, 
he said, was trying to tong 
the leaders of both 

> One side was “stubbornly 
holding to the continuation of 
past practices” while “the 
other, and this ttipHtHp*; presi- 
dent Botha, wants change and 

has taken a number of steps — 

as many as he can get away 

. Mr Reagan Hkened Presi- 
dent Botha's situation to his 
own, “dealing with the Hill up 
here. Sometimes he cannot get 
all that be seeks.” 

• On the Soviet Union, he 
said that he was waiting for 
reports on actual violations by 
Moscow of the Salt 2 treaty. 

Prospects of a June summit 
were “just about out now”, 
but July was stiH -possible. If 
not held then, it would have to 
wait until after the November 

• Mr Rea^n said that infor- 
mation the US had indicated 
that the American h oy a gpg in 
Beirut were wett. 

slice into 

. From Richard Owen 
: Brussels 

The sale of 100,000 tonnes 
of EEC butter to the Soviet 
Union at highly subsidized 
tS:to_go ahead, the 

sum -as 

Oa raaa on said 
yesterday. ■ . 

Trade sources say that tie 
price is equivalent to 
a pound, implying a htige 

EEC subsidy. 

The deal is taking place 
under a new- EEC tender 
system. Commission officials 
" that the 
butter is 18 months old. It 
accounts -for about a tenth of 
the butter mountain. 

Tenders were first put for- 
ward just before Easter, but 
were injected bythe.Commis- 
tory. Yester- 
however, it approved a 


• Sale nntafe: The deal 
was condemned last night by 
the United Kingdom Provi- 
sion T rade F ederation (John 

oqng writes! #i * 
it said the decision highlight- 
ed again thedesperatepontion 
of tire Commission as a result 
of member states’ failure to 
lace reality. - 
The cost to ETC taxpayers of 
thing butter into store was 
about 9Qp a pound, it said. 

The Ministry of Agriculture 
confir med last night that the 
deal had been agreed at £1,292 
tonne, which would attract, 
an export subsidy of £1,042 a 
tonne. • 

• BREST: The French Agri- 
culture Minister, M Francois 
Guillaume, yesterday told the 

main farm union that F rance 
could no longer accept aqnota 
system allowing New Zealand 
to -export butter, to the EEC 
The quotas were mfoterafaie for 
straggling French producers 
(Reiser reports). - . ; . 

Waldheim rebuke 
to Austrians 

From Frank Johnson, Vienna 
' Dr Kuxt Waldheim said the war when duty in that war 
here last night that there was 
no doubt that the “campaign 
Of defamati on against me” 
had its origins in Austria. 

Dr Waldheim, the Conser- 
vative-supported candidate in 
the Austrian presidential elec- 
tion on May 4, was speaking in 
a tense, television debate with 
his. Socialist opponent. Dr 
Kurt Sleyrer. 

The debate was dominated 
by the accusations that Dr 
Waldheim took part in, or had 
direct knowledge of massa- 
cres and deportations in Yu- 
goslavia and Greece during 
the Second World War. 

At the claim that the accusa- 
tions originated in Austria 
itself; Dr Steyrer said he was 
“tired” of the implication that 
file Socialist Party was behind 
the* campaign against Dr 
Waldheim's honour. He chal- 

lenged Dr Waldheim to name 
those Austrians whom be 
believed to be responsible. Dr 
Waldheim refeed that he 
knew the names of individ- 
uals, bnl was not prepared to 
dSsdose them. . 

One of the three journalists 
putting questions to the candi- 
dates asked them, as members 
of fire war generation, to say 
when each knew of the exter- 
mination of the Jews. Dr 
Steyrer refeed that he began 
to realize it in 1942-43. 

He knew nothing of it when 
at the front, where be empha- 
sized he - served only as a 
medical doctor, but realized h 
cm leave alien he learned of 
Jews in Austria disappearing. 
Dr Waldheim commented: “I 
am fed you said that.” He 
added that this was consistent 
with his own experience. 

One of the panel asked Dr 
Waldheim why he had fre- 
quently said that he had 
merely -done his duty during 

involved being in the service 
of the criminal Hitler. 

Dr Waldheim replied: 
“That is a typical mistaken 
interpretation.” By 
had meant duty to ho 
to the people and to comrades 
at the front, “not to the 
criminal, hateful regime.” It 
was a bitter war, he added. 
There were victims on both 
sides. He himself after being 
wounded, had been an invalid 
for 14 days on the Russian 
front in temperatures of mi- 
nus 14 degrees. 

• NEW YORK: After exam- 
ining the confidential United 
Nations file on Dr 
Waldheim's wartime 
record, the Israeli Govern- 
ment yesterday requested ac- 
cess to two more files (Zoriana 
Pysariwsky writes). 

Mr Bepjamin Netanyahu, 
the Israeli representative, has 
asked to see the UN dossier on 
Alois Brunner, an 'aide to 
Adolf Echmaon, who was 
executed in Israeli in 1962. 
Brunner is believed to be 
living in Syria. 

Mr Netanyahu said that the 
other file contained informa- 
tion on a prominent diplomat 
who was part of “the Nazi war 
machine”. Although he re- 
fused to name the diplomat, 
sources said that the Israeli 
rep resentative was referring to 
Herr Hermann Klenner of 
East Germany, who is a vice- 
chairman. of the UN Human 
Rights Commission. 

The UN file on Dr Wald- 
heim appears to have raised 
more questions about his war- 
time rofo with the onus on 
Yugoslavia to release 

Mr Netanyahu made . clear 
that the file, railed to exonerate 
Dr Waldheim. 

Special report, page 23 

Barre switch helps Chirac win confidence vote 

From Diana Geddea v 

- - I,,.*.' -i_- 

fans . 

-M Jacques CMcac, toe 
GatiDfet Prime Minister- cf : 
France* wou a vote of coufi- - 
deuce fa Ids Ge re r aae n fi a' 
programme hr toe samH hours 
of yesterday morning, atofe 
only by seven votes - . X'V. 

AH to rn g of - ft e 35 

depntfeT^oted aearast The 
Government, tat-au toe other 
.right-wing deputies, faddfa g 
M Raymond Bane and Ms 
supporters, voted ia.favom: of 
toe rwifwhre motion. The 
vote, takes at 420am, Jpas 
292 against 285, jebht no. 

dramatically. * M 
Chirac, his main rival far toe 
presidency, is now way ahead - 
wf him m an toe oferion peDs. 

M Bane, who has always 
prided hfctoeU on Ms pofitkal- 
consisteBcy, exfeteed . away 
yest er day 's voite-foce by say- 

oratory and fince, M Jean- 
Marie Le Pea, file National 
Fnmt leader, explained his 
siqvparters' vote afenst the 
GoveraBKst by saying that 
they simply did not consider it 
worthy of their confidence. 

.. The National Front is par- 

state interference in 

individuals' fires. 

. While toe mam Orest of the 
Government's polioes, as out- 
lined by M Chirac in a 70- 
mznate speech on Wednesday, 
is concerned with the liberal- 
isation of the economy and toe 

M Bane, one of toe 
_tfa leaders .of the 
repeated ttae and 
the recent 

„S that jbe^ would never 
support a vfeof confidence in 
any; right-wing G u win i mnt 
riddi weed to . ^cohabit? - 
witfa a le^riagAtiHatit 
one; print he even threatened 
to rote to favour oTa censtoe 
motion agalifatf such 'a 

Paris response pleases Lange 

Wdlingion — Mr • David 
, Lange, the New Zealand 
- Prime Minister (left! yester- 
day toned down his xnetoric 
ova- last year’s bombing of the 
■ Rainbow Warrior . after the 
conciliatory remarks in the 
Fro»cb National Assembly by 
the French Prime Minister 
(Richard Long writes). 

. .In marked contrast to-. his 
.recent strong criticisans of the 
. Bench aititade. Mr Lange 

said that M Chirac's statement 
had “a nice; encouraging 
calm” about it, and raised 
hopes of a possible imi 
ment in rerations- 'M 
said he could not imagine that 
a settlement could, not be 
reached “with this country 
which was onr brother-in- 
arms in two world wars” over 
the Bench government agents 
jailed few the bombing iff the 

Greenpeace ship. 

that the immigrant can serve 
his sentence in his country of 

On law and order, the 
Government is proposing, 
among other things, a 30-year 
prison sentence^ without remis- 
sion in fece : of the death 
penalty; a new berime of 
terrorism”; fow days' police 
detention before charges mast 
be brought; and extended on- 
the-spot identity checks. 

The proposals have been 
attacked vigorously by Mme 
Simone Gaborian, president of 
the main judges’ association. 

hit Air 

Lirixm — The French terror- 
ist group, Action Directe, 
claimed responsibility for 
yesterday's bombing of the Air 
France office here (Martha de la 
Gal writesX 

Damage was extensive bat 
there were no injuries. A man 
speaking with a heavy Spanish 
accent the ria r m in a i 
telephone call to toe Portuguese 
national news agency Anop in 

Action Directe, he said, was 
attacking aH Bench interests 
because the Government in 
Paris had been coDaboratmg 
with the US. The g ro u p warm 
total solidarity with Libya. 

A political 
double act 

Carmel, California (Renter) 

— Two actors who have suc- 
ceeded in politics swapped 
jokes when President Reagan 
telephoned to c ongratul a te 
dint Eastwood on a landslide 
victory in beco ming mayor of 
his home town. 

“We exchanged a few one- 
finera,” Mr Eastwood said. The 
President asked: “Whafs an 
actor who’s played opposite a 
monkey doing in potincdZ" Mr 
Reagan once played opposite a 
monkey in Bedtime for Bomo, 
and Mr Eastwood has also 
starred in comedies with 

Banker held 

Naples (Reuter)— A former 
director-general of the state- 
owned Banco di Napoli, 
southern Italy’s largest credit 
institution, has been arrested 
on embezzlement and corrup- 
tion charges. Raffaele di 
Somma, aged 63, dismissed as 
vice-director of the bank by its 
governing board, gave himself 
up after a warrant was issued 
for his arrest. 

Peru strikes 

Lima (Reuter) — More than 
7,000 Peruvian state doctors 
and 15,000 miners went on 
strike, and in the southern city 
of Pune the left-wing mayor 
called on shops, banks and 
buses to join a 48-hour local 

Rogue leopard 

Dhaka (Reuter) — A rogue 
leopard which had killed three 
children in a remote area of 
southern Bangladesh went on 
the rampage after it was 
wounded by forest rangers. 
Wiling a woman and seriously 
wounding 12 men. 

Britons killed 

Monchenfedbach (Reuter) 

— Two British soldiers sta- 
tioned m West Germany were 
killed when their car hit a 
stationary lorry on a motor- 
way near Dortmund. 

Swedes refuse 

Stockholm (Reuter) — Swe- 
den has rejected a Soviet 
demand to hand bade a Soviet 
seaman who defected last 
month after hijacking a fisher- 
ies inspection vessel. 

Indians flee 

Mocoxtin, Honduras (Reu- 
ter) — About 5,000 Nicara- 
guan Misltito Indians have 
crossed into Honduras in the 
two weeks to avoid 
_ ling between Sanduusta 
troops and 'Kisan Indian 
rebels, refugee and military 
sources said. 

Family murder 

Delhi (AF)— Gunmen broke 
into a bouse near the Hindu 
holy city of Varanasi and shot 
dead seven members of a 
family as they slept, the United 
News of India reported. 

Heart death 

Pittsburgh (AFP) — A 43- 
year-old American, Gary Blake, 
who received an artificial heart 
last month died here on 
Wednesday before surgeons 
were able to find a suitable 
human heart for him. 


New York (AFP) — General 
Gustav Hagglund from Finland 
wiD be appointed, to head the 
United Nations Interim Force 
in Lebanon (Unifil), succeeding 
General William GaTfew-han of 
Ireland, sources here said. Gen- 
eral Hagghmd has been com- 
mander of the UN force in the 
Golan since last June. 

Hanoi mission 

at large, however, and his 
popularity rating has recently 

ing fiat be had felt ' 
support- the veto of i 
teense of fire n arro wness of 
toe Governments majority Jo- - 

“However, that should not 
be . taken as an expression of 
appfPTBlosrtofai i|niiTf al (flf 
cohabitation)**, he added 
quickly, v 

" Bra ayciih whh h lmprr ifird 
nearly all by its colorafnl 

ticalarty strongly opposed to 
foe Government's proposals 
for .retailing to a .majority 

-voting system, under which the 

party would stand to win only a 
handfid of seats. 

V . But it also complained that 
toe Government should do 
more abort the problem of 
immigration, the &D fa tile 

birth rote, tow and imtav 
excessive bureaucracy and 

creation of new jobs, a Humber 
of other important measures : 
, are proposed, indndSng many 
in fife areas the National Boat 
feels have been neglected. 

On i mmigr ation, for exam, 
pie, (be Government is propos- 
ing to expel all Illegal 
immi g ra nts mid those convict- 
ed of crimes. Where possible, 
agreements will he made with 
the Government concerned so 

Other nos-eemmmie 
sares ammaced haebde: free- 
dom of choice of schools for 
parents; a special educational 
aUowanee for families with 
more than fiuee children; a 
return to selection in bfer 
edneatioh; flw aid of antomat- 
ic French nationality for imm- 
grant children born in France; 
repeal of a 1982 Socialist law 
giving security of tenure to 
tenants of rented property; 

p ri vatization of “a part” of toe 
state-controlled tekvisxm net- 
work; and repeal of the 1984 
Socialist anti-trust press law. 

TjoJm|» fl rtMp, pa p 13 

(AFP) - A US 
delegation flew to Hanoi to 
collect the remains of 21 ser- 
vicemen missing in action from 
die Vietnam war. 

UK rail deal 

Bangkok (AFP) — The Thai 
Government has approved a 
deal with British Rafl Engineer- 
ing to buy coaches and other 
equipment, worth about £4.7 

Olympic ride 

Istanbul (Reuter) - Two 
handicapped Birmingham men 
win roll their wheelchairs more 
than 2,000 miles fr o m IstanKil 
to the Midlands to promote the 
city's bid to stage toe 1992 
Olympics. Tim Ma rshall and 
Bill Levicfc said they would 
leave here on Sunday. 



* * * * 



Slabbert vows Minister 

Problems of the Lone Star state 

to combat 

Suzman of 

apartheid with 
the people 


Party is over as 

forces painful i 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Dr Frederik van Zyl Slab- 
bert, former liberal opposition 
leader in the South African 
Parliament, made his first 
important political appear- 
ance here on Wednesday night 
since resigning in February as 
leader of the Progressive Fed- 
eral Party (PFP). 

He told nearly 1,000 people 
of all races packed into die 
Johannesburg Town Hall that 
he was still an “apprentice" in 
extra-parliamentary politics, 
but be believed that the debate 
about South Africa's future 
would now be conducted out- 
side Parliament. He wanted to 
be part of it. 

Only when the ban on 
organizations like the African 
National Congress (ANC) was 
lilted and political prisoners 
released would “the possibili- 
ty begin to exist for negotia- 
tions with the real leaders of 
the country", he declared 

The meeting was organized 
by the multiracial United 
Democratic Front (UDF), and 
Dr Slabbert spoke in front of a 
huge banner urging whites to 
join. The organization claims 
about a million members and 
shares the political aims of the 
outlawed ANC. 

Dr Slabbert has not yet 
joined the UDF, though be 
seems to be moving in that 
direction. Opposing apartheid 
from within Parliament was 
an honourable tradition, he 
said, but “protesting against 
apartheid was not the same as 

changing it”. 

Johannesburg City Council 
refused permission for the 
meeting in the Town Hall 
chamber, and it was held in a 
small upstairs room. Many 
people who could not get in 
spilled out into the street 

There were jeers and cries of 
“get out, get out” when police 
tried to warn of a bomb scare. 
The crowd considered the 
warning a police hoax. 

Meanwhile, as widespread 
violence continued police 
shot dead a black man early 
yesterday when they surprised 
a group preparing to throw 
petrol bombs at a white high 
school in Randfontein, east of 

Residents of the Winterveld 
shanty town 20 miles north- 
west of Pretoria claimed that 
three black youths were shot 
dead on Wednesday by police 
of the Bophuthatswana tribal 

Cape Town (Renter) — A 
South African Cabinet minis- 
ter denounced a leading news- 
paper in a stormy 
parliamentary debate yester- 
day, and another caused a 
partial opposition walkout 
when he called the veteran 
anti-apartheid campaigner, 
Mrs Helen Suzman, a “sabo- 
tear of the police”. 

The Law and Order Minu- 
ter, Mr Louis Le Grange, 
accused the Cape Times tit 
being a mouthpiece ’ of the 
banned AfrkaANational Con- 
gress (ANC). 

As Mr Le Grange made a 
hardline speech in defence of 
the police, who have been 
accused of excessive 

force in Mach townships, the 
National (white) Education 
Minister, Mr F.W. de Klerk, 
interrupted to make his accu- 
sation against Mrs Suzman, a 
member of the opposition Pro- 
gressive Federal Party (PFP). 

When the chairman of the 
house rated that “saboteur” 
was not an unparliamentary 
term, almost all the white 
liberal Opposition members 
walked out. 

Mr Le Grange accused the 
Cape Times of “biased and 
slanted attacks on the 
Government" and said that 
miig»n it changed its tone it 
would share tie fete of the 
Road Deify Mail, a Johannes- 
burg daily dosed down as 
unprofitable last year. 

From Trevor Fishteck, Houston 


thdr own country. It'S just wte nontax, 

the old, pre-oB scare days. The crash Texas 

The astonishing foil in oB because of the stomp. ^ rewards ks fn. 

***** _ ■■ 




'f t S v v A 

* jb&v ’’r*v aa 

ft:. . in .*u «» 

largest company, laid off an- 
other 500 people in the dty. 
Houston took it with the 

fn wi ip|Pa| XU UtCX T. 1 m u imr a m ^ 

r with assertive church- government tohfotives^ ft has 
mis. both raised Rs fist smdhdd out 

- . its hand. Because ffif its sink- 

Modera Texas was made by nrjpfm ^hSasoohy ft ura- 

The Statue of liberty holds a new torch after being given a 
facelift before bar centenar y celebrations on July 4. 

f*!% ; : ' y 

• - , : ' 

fe'nvi* a 

ip • * 

**???*& : 

Last-ditch Gun lobby 
wage deal wins half 
in Sweden its battle 

From Christopher Mosey 

years' celebration means 

a ?** :-< 

:-V A ■ *, 

* *V' > V v V-- : ^ “„.L . ■■ S 

The so-called Swedish modr 
el of highly-centralized wage 
negotiations, badly battered m 
recent yean, lived to fight 
-another <Jay yesterday when a 
new bout of mdasiral. action 
vims avoided at the last 

wiinttfw . : 

A pay .agreement . signed 
less than two hours, before a. 
strike of white collar workers 
was due to start, also averted' 
the fast serious domestic test 
of the abQities of Sweden's 
new' prime Minister, Mr 
Ingvar Carbson, who w took 
over after the nnuder of Mr 
OlofPafrhc on February 28. . 

Whfte ministera welcomed 
the deal for avoiding damag- 
ing industrial action, however, 
sources dose to the- Finance 
Minister, Mr KjeQ-OIof Feldt,. 
expressed grave doubts about 
Sweden’s ability to preserve 
its competitiveness after such: 
a settlement. 

Generally, however, there 
was a feeling of relief as the 
Swedish Employers’ Confed- 
eration, SAF, shook hands 
with the bargaming organiza- 
tion, PTK, on a two-year deal 
. that will- give white collar 
workers in private industry 
about 5.5 per cent more from 
April 1 this year, and another 
4. per cent inpease . from 
January 1 next year. They will* 
also get a tump sum of £o0. 

An 18-year-old white collar 
worker in private industry in 
Sweden will now earn at least 
£555 a month this year and' 
£585 next year. 

The chairman of the PTK, 
Mr Bertil Bloraqvist, prompt- 
ly called off the strike of 
1 8,000 key workers which had 
been due to start at 1.00 pm 
BST yesterday. The SAF 
chairman, Mr CHofljundgren, 
called off today’s- proposed 
lock-out of 300,000 workers- 

offers for you 

TWA has been flying passengers across 
the Atlantic for 40 years. That's why we're No.1 
across the Atlantic now 

Now we’re celebrating And we’d like you 
to celebrate with us. 

So we’re offering a range of exciting and 
money-saving deals to those of you who book 
TWA transatlantic flights for travel complied 
by 12th June. 

Look at what you can get flying TWA 
now: a Hertz car for only $40 a week (that's 
about£27),TWA flights in America for only $40 

each (minimum six, maximum eight) -and a stay 
in a Hilton Hotel for $40 per person per night 
These arethe exdtingoffers TWA is makingto 
celebrate its 40 year? service: 

So make sure you plan your visit to the 
USA around TWA. These schemes are operated 
by selected tour operators*. Certain conditions 
apply so check with your Travel Agent 

You’ll enjoy it more, find it more conven- 
ient and a lot more enjoyable to be flying with 
the airline that leads the way to the USA- and 
has been doing it for 40 years. • V 

Bono lectures 
Chun oyer 
human rights 

. boon (Reuter) - President 

'eizs&cker oi 

. — 

Mr Carbsonr remains an 
unknown quantity. 

Richard von Weizs&cker oi 
West GennmyyESterdaytriti- 
cised South Korea’s human 
rights record and uzgtid Presi- 
dent Chun DooHwan give 
the opposition “a fafr chance” 
to express jts views. , 

love a keen 

human riffits and basc free- 
doms for all,” he told the 
South Korean; leader, at a 
luncheon in his honour. . 

President Own arrived 
from London yesterday on the 
second leg of a 10-day Europe- 
an tom; - 

Zimbabwe condemns 
6,000 park elephants 

'Airpian, American Express* Jetways. North American Travel and Premier 

Leading the way to the USA 

Z i mb a b we^ • wildlife an- 
tiMwities will shoot up to (MM 0 
elephants hi the country’s 
national parks over the . next 
1 2 mo nths to pterient them* 
destroying the areas. 

Dr David fjnm mfi ag . the 
chief ecologist at the Depart-' 
newt Of National Parks and 
Wildlife Management, said 
yesterday that culling ww 
“the only way” to check the 
already severely damaged 

woodland areas. 

Hie eteptumfs capacity to 
destroy lies not only in its 
voracious appetite, but also in 
its habit if Mwwtitny down 

From Jan Haaft, Harare 

trees while easing an ifeh, fer 
example. Zimbabwe’s national 
parks can support 35,000 ele- 
phants hot arecent -estimate 
put titopopMation at 4L5O0- 
Tlto ydo^s coll will indnde 
shoetmg 3^)00 . depfaants hi 
tire Zambezi Valley and 1,000 
hi the Gonarezkm Reserve. 
Some 2,000. may also be 
destroyed in . the ' Hwauge 
National Rariu formerly the 
Wanltie National Mk . . 

Zhnh^h w*!^ parts 

pMky bolds that failure to call 
win ereatrally not only wipe 

out elephants but other speoCs 


^ * 

Tea, arf te oO 
neigtaboors fed left ort of tbe 

AaoTCTAmeriap egile ’m A <igtolg jT E TT* t * c * ? 8t 

filBng up with cheap pettoL Jt mmes agree. One sawd argues that 

British &£oa) and m aa Sat^flaSSpy wans that d mge *£* ** & 

exaberantpulScity sjdash one 1 “j: , “ , s ggg as ecoBOntofly ssgajfkzatBS 

garage waTS 10gaHons Texass Teas, and to banks iriiich 

fad at home and terrorism tote jvfany Texass, tradltiooafly 

abroad, many Americans are helferers to marketfoices, a» 

pSSg 2u£2£SSptomS the sUeld of fe. 

tbrir _^n country- It^ jnst fike fj porttox. * •_ _ 

> •. ■.-ajsST./ :• ^T^^wdSa. «*d wBtoe demand, grow 


^ ■;*&: ■■ t e»j£2&2Sl: sgS-wfts. sss^rzsat 

‘ f"J: :* i : petrol as cheap in Texas as J^StaomediteSlbeea 

/ . /, : in America. Bnt that setaade tob^^mnfes. 

r . : v i >Y rJM. ' •; : . > v U tutu in Texas, uud Ughway patrol troopers. rl“SlLw i j. 

^^dbeap in Terasas 

anywhere in America. Bnt that srt aride ^S^^ntis. 

is little consolation in’ Teas, Texra has always been do- 
or in Louisiana and Okfahs- voted to “let her- rfo*V wide- 

=s. a i«£.t S&S&tsgrseVi ’ 

Houston took it wnn ,tne Modem Texas was made by no. 

resigned air of a eouummi ty pH More than halt of its 

used to such blows and expect- 100 companies and baS of stfrioes to Annka. ft 

io&pore. “d®®^ P*]®^***?* ^ SSEftselfouharina no state 

■"There is concern .boot bank 

losses and fear of the collapses ebewbere in the economy. ftwi. 

of banks which roped them- During tfae q 0 boom oil rm£ ‘^a^wiiwe. Wffl T«k be 

; - ■ - n ^ 1*^3® Pf cent oIToas tmted^on cau bento ont of 

laras. Today they pay ^ per ^ Jm s^gestn^ ft; but it 

The oaprice has.foKen ireD i^fttesaad,!*^ 
below the “worst" case? esti-’feg * with .some - pan trim 
mates of forecasters. There are fteewheefingadideKmioe. 
Rolls Royces in second-hand There have strays hero 
car lots. Bid .with typical tomb times,^tetrins j^utke- 
Texan panache the pn^uietor latly seme period nntely to 
of a noted Houston restanraid morfd a more reaBs- 

t offers hmch for the price of a -tic, more mature Texas* 

The House of Representa- 
tives yesterday voted 292- 1 36 
to ease several restrictions of 
tfie 1968GimControIAct. 

But after an emotional de- 
bate foe Democrat-controlled 
House maintained an 18-year- 
tiKf banorimtezstate handgun 
safes. .. - v . 

Tlfe-'Ml TQOW ^ocs to the 
Retndsiican-maioxmr -Senate 
which' last year approved a 
similar measure. Senators can 
accept the House BQLoe send 
the issue to 4i Senate-House 
conference, to iron out the 
differences. . 

The vote yesterday followed 
intense tabbyiraby the power- 
ful National Rifle Association 
(NRA) and rival handgun 
control advocates. 

Both sides in the gun con- 
trol con tro v e rs y can daun a 
raeasare of victory; The NRA 
won the right to have firearms 
transported between states 
and an easing of reoHtl keep- 
ing requirements V ’• for- ■ gpm 

The handgun control 
groups won a vote for reten- 
tion of an interstate handgun 
sales ban, although the ban on 
interstate rifle and shotgun 
safes would be hftecL They 
also won an . amendment to 
prohibit possession of ma- 
chine guns. . 

Passage of foe Bill means 
that Congress is certain to 
make the first major c hang es 
in the .1968 gun control law 
passed after the assassinations 
of Martin Lather King and 
Robert Kennedy. 


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Estate agents lay bare 
vast Marcos 

investment in America 

ManiVs i ■» 

Manila (Reuter)- The Phil- 

2*182 a claim 

to New York property -worth 

"5^°“) a .^r two estate a#mts 
L°5 ^ Congress thatthey 
Kj»«Sht 311(1 mana eed^e 
bmrdmgs for the fonnerftesi- 
dent, Mr Ferdinand Marcos, a 
senior Government official 
said yesterday. 

Mr Ra ul Daza, a member of 
a commission tracking down 
the wealth ofihe fiS 
Philippines* leader, said that 
Manila expected to recover 
we properties without diffi- 
culty after the testimony of 
two New York estate agents. 

-°£cpli and Ralph Bernstein. 

They told a US congressio- 
nal sub-committee on Wed- 
nesday that they had acquired 
and managed property worth 
fpore than $300 million for 
the Marcoses. 

Mr Marcos has repeatedly 
denied having US real estate 

But the Bernstein brothers 
said that they had been in- 
volved with the Marcoses in 
Tour Manhattan properties — a 
shopping mall called the Her- 
man'S? Wall °stS*t bU ?!vi • *® ai ? ter £ wealth: The new nrm ineir compliance witn me 
M?d L^n a v2n»> Sl ^Sr 35 Philippine Tounsm Minister, freeze on the assets ordered by 
^ *** Jos c AntoruoGdnzales, the Government on March 25. 
^ who made much ofhis fortune . Philippines estimates of the 
^ hng women’s underwear, total assets involved range up 
5Jn? J* 1 * *5 emerged as the wealthiest to $3 billion (about £2.05 

couple made decisions and so far among President billion). 

exercised control over the 
properties. In Manila in 1982 
M r Ma rcos expressed keen 
interest in the international 
tax aspects of New York real 
estate investment. 

He wantedlo ensure that a 
corpo ration established to buy 
property was structured so as 
to avoid paying tax. 

Mr Bernstein . described a 
dinner at a New York restau- 
rant during which Mrs Imelda 
Marcos waved a bank state- 
ment and boasted of a Swiss 
account worth $120 million. 

He also supported evidence 
from a previous witness that 
she had. wanted to get $70 
million out of the properties 
by 1987. “She said uiey need- 
ed the money for the 1987 
election in the Philippines,” 
he told the sub-committee. 

. ’ “The Philippines has a valid 
claim to the property ” Mr 
Daza said. “We are pleased 
with the testimonies of the 
Bernstein brothers. They 
made the work of the commis- 
sion undertaken by our law- 
yers in the US less difficult” 

Corazon Aquino's Cabinet 
members to disclose their 
assets. He is worth 81.49 
million pesos (about £2.7 
million), according to a state- 
ment of assets released by the 
Presidential Palace (AFP 

• GENEVA: Several Swiss 
banks, have confirmed that 
they bold assets connected 
with Mr ’Marcos, the Federal 
Banking Commission said 
yesterday (Alan McGregor . 
mites). Its spokesman, Mr 
Romain Marti, declined to 
give the number, and said that 
the banks were not yet re- 
quired to specify amounts. 

The commission, whose 
seven-members are appointed 
by the Swiss Government, 
spent most of its meeting 
yesterday discussingfunds in 
the name of Mr and Mrs 
Marcos “or anyone tiosely 
associated with them”. A spe- 
cial meeting devoted solely to 
the subject ts in prospect. 

Tbe banks had until ' 
Wednesday to notify the com- 
mission of their holdings. 
Their next deadline is A fail 
16. by when they must con- 
firm their compliance with the 

. .:■■■■ a .. . a i . * « .p* 

9 ?? ■■■ ■■■■■ ; 

ii m •.*?! -Tf h ** h 

wAFt lit. i irtv-n WteSm i 

f * 

The Marcos victory signal from a woman supporter in Manila who joined others to defend a threatened radio co mm entator. 

Australia to double migrant I 

From Toqy Da bond in 

Australia is to almost dou- 
ble its intake of migrants over 
the next decade. 

The Cabinet has agreed to a 
proposal by Mr Chris Hur- 
ford. Minister for Immigra- 
tion and Ethnic A flair s, to 
take an extra 1 1,000 migrants 
in tbe next financial year, 
bnngingthe total up to 95,000. 

The Government has also 
adopted in principle a long- 
term plan to return immigra- 

tion to its post-war boom level 
of between 160,000 and 
170,000 people a year. 

The 1986/87 policy will 
contain a new category — the 
independent and concessional 
category — which will provide 
easier access for prospective 
migrants who have relatives in 
Australia or those who would 
be financiall y independent 

The new category will in- 
crease eligible migrants by 
extending the definition of tbe 
family to include such rela- 

tives as nephews and nieces. 

Applicants under this new 
category will be assessed on 
their employability and likely 
contribution to Australia. It is 
expected that 25.000 people 
will be approved under the 
new heading in the next 
financial year, an increase of 
2 bout 9,000. 

It is not clear who will 
benefit from the new defini- 
tion. but recent arrivals, such 
as tbe Indo-Chinese, with a 
tradition of extended families. 

could gain mosL 

It. is understood that the 
Cabinet has not yet decided on 
the mix of migrants for its 
long-term plan. There has 
been criticism in recent years 
that it has increasingly turned 
away from Australia's tradi- 
tional migrant sources, 

The new immigration poli- 
cy represents a victory for Mr 
Hurford, who had been argu- 
ing for seme time that in- 
creased migration would 
benefit the economy. 

Tokyo (Reuter) — Two Jap- 
anese companies said yester- 
day that they would use 
Europe's Ariane system to 
launch their satellites instead 
of the US space shuttle. 

The Space Communications 
Corporation and the Japan 
Communications Satellite 
Company said they had re- 
served places for 1988. 

The companies originally 
had intended to use the shut- 
tle, but said that the loss of 
Challenger in January had 
cast donbt on those plans. 

M Frederic d'Aliest, the 
chairman of Arianesp 2 ce, said 
he hoped to sign final con- 
tracts with the Japanese in the 
next few weeks. 

He denied that Arianespace 
was trying to take advantage 
of the Challenger disaster to 
win a larger share of the 
market, which he estimated 
would launch 110 to 120 
satellites between 1988 and 

“Before this accident our 
company, on its own merit and 
with tough competition, had a 
50 per ceDt share of the market 
in the Western world,” he 
said. “We are confident the US 
industry has all the capability 
needed to recover.” 

He reiterated European 
complaints that Nasa set un- 
fair prices for shuttle 
launchings which did not frilly 
cover costs involved. 

of Marcos women 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

Mrs Imelda Marcos, die 
former Philippines first lady, 

and her two daughters spent 

£14 m in a three-month shop- 
ping spree in 1983, coBectmg 
jewellery, art objects, sheets 
and silverware, according to a 
Manila newspaper. 

“The legendary extrava- 
gance of Mrs Marcos appar- 
ently nibbed off on her two 
daughters, Imee Monotec and 

Irene Araneta,” the Malaya 

paper said yesterday. - 
Bet the daoghters — who, 
with their husbands »«t chil- 
dren, joined the former pres- 
cient Ferdinand Marais and 
Mrs Marcos m exOe m Hawaii 
— could not match their 
mother's impulse purchase of 
a $280,000 emerald necklace, 

Bat they gave fair' stiff 
competition in huyhqg' sprees - 
in London, New York, Copen- 
hagen and Rome. The paper 
quotes receipts and cheque 

stubs found in the fosgage Mr 
Marcos took with hun into 
exile on Febraary 25. “They 

Mrs Marcos: $480,000 spent- 
on jewellery in a week 

were : diems of prestigious 
jewellery shops, a number of 


sive drde of fiie fihhy rieband 
the royal Hood,** Malaya 1 * 
front-page article says. 

.. “For one (fay. alone, at May 
25, Imelda Marcos sj 
$20,000... /. . 

“Not to be onfdone, elder 
daughter Imee splurged 
$43391 cm the same day in 
other stores. ' . 

“Yotmger daughter Irene's 
purchases were... less ftav 
her sister’s. Her May 25 
shopping bill was $42,246.’ 
Mrs Marcos spent $208,000 

on a diamond bracelet at one 

store on July 15 and five days 

later, at another, bought a 
$280,000 emerald neckb 
the paper says. It has gained 
access to more than 230 

pages of difi nia* 11 1 u seized, by 

customs officials in HiwaiL 
The shopping receipts cover 
May to July 1983. 

President Corazon Aquino 

has said she would forgive Mr 

Marcos tf be returned file 

estimated $10 bn (£6.7bfllloa) 
Be n alleged to have spirited 
out of the country daring his 
20-year ridew 
The Jnritipidnes Commis- 
sion on Good Government is 
said to be appraising the valne 
of jewels and other .valuables 
left behind In 20 suitcases by 
the Marcoses in their flight. 

They are now in the vault of 
the Central Bank after baring 

been tak e n from the Mala- 

caftang palace to a house in a 
tnxnry submit said to he owned 
by a Marcos loyalist. 

There were so many jewels 

that gemologxsts took three 

days to assess their value, die 
Bulletin Today paper said. 

Aquino to put fate of 
US bases to a poll 

Manila (AP) - President 
Aquino said yesterday, she 
Would ask the people to decide 
whether United States mili- 
tary bases should stay in the 

Mrs Aquino told Japanese 
journalists that she will hold a 
referendum after renegotiat- 
ing the military treaty with the 
US that expires in 1991. She 
did not say when the negotia- 
tions would begin. 

Mr Salvador Laurel, tbe 
Foreign Minister, told the 
Council for Foreign Relations, 

that the Philippines _ would 
observerthe treaty and uphold 

agreements that promote its 

security while striving for 
independence in foreign 

Meanwhile, about 60 Com- 

munist rebeis on the island of 
Cebu, inducting their com- 
manders, surrendered to gov±;,| 
eminent upops. 

A total. of 448 -people have 
died in rebd violence nation- 
wide since Mrs. Aquino took 
power, the state-run news 
service reported. . .. . 

China patient 
over special 
zones’ profits 

Peking (Reuter) China 
yester day said it would contin- 
ue to pour millions of dollars 
into .its special economic 
zones even though they would 
not make a profit in foreign 
exchange for at least three 

Mr Gu Mu, the State Coun- 
cil member in charge ot 
China's four special zones, 
told a press conference he was 
confident that Shenzhen, the 
largest of the zones near Hong 
Kong, would make a foreign 
exchange profit by 199a 
The zones have been set up 
since 1979 to attract high- 
technology investment Bom 
abroad and produce 
but many of their goods have 
been sold to the domestic 

Mr Gu said 43 per cent of 
Shenzhen's industrial 
Inst year was «P«£r “P 
from 33 percent w 1984. 

The four zones, all of them 
in south China, attracted 
$5.85 billion (£4 bilhon) m 
foreign investment Jan s« 
more than double the I9S4 

level, be added. 

hold-ups lead 
to apologies 

Tokyo — Private mil and 
bus companies went on strike : 
for about an hour in Tokyo 
yesterday, the first time in five 
years that private, transport 
workers had left their jobs 
(David Watts writesX 
For. the nine companies 
involved, services began not 
at 5 am but about an hour later 
than usual. This modest 
breach of service was a severe 
embarrassment to manage- 
ment and abject apologies 
were broadcast to travellers by 
train guards. 

Tbe dispute was quickly 
settled with a salary increase 
of 12,500 yen (£47.50) per 
month and a minimal bonus 
increase, reflecting the poorer 
outlook for the economy. 

The settlement is Jikely to 
affect other industries. Al- 
ready the steel and electrical 
appliance industries have 
inade the smallest wage agree- 
ments in 10 years, prompted 
largely by the strength of the 
ven, which is forcing Japanese 
firms to raise prices abroad 
and thus dampen exports. 

japan had 4,480 strikes in 

for safety and 
minds we employ at 

Our scientists spent 
solving the problem. 

Some of the pipelines that need re 
300 mm in diameter. 


.t if. 


But when you think big you can 
Intelligent pig’ they 
designed is a marvel 
of microcircuitryi 



The \ intelligent pig ; Designed to travei with the How of the gas looking for pipeline faults. 

As it ‘feels’ its way down the pipes, ... 
detect trouble before it can become 
consider their inventiveness 

you’ll look up to the boffins at Briti 


For many years, the 

spectacular pioneer 

missions of the 

Chaftengw- SaBy ratte 
first US woman in 
spacs; November 28. 
First ffightof European 

earlv Russian 


1984: FebruaryS. SoyuzTtO- 
Satyut 7. Record space 

astronauts were 

deeply shrouded 

in mvstery. As 

these heroes retire 

237 days. 

1385 ; April 12, Space Shuffle . 

Discovery. Edwin Gam 

■first pafiranfn-space. - 
1986: Jlnuary 28. Space 
.. axptodes KflBngOTwaf 
seven; February 20. - 

Mirspace lab launch 
heralds space-station. 

the secrecy lessens 

Twenty-five years 

after the first manned 

flight, Keith Hindley sifts 

through the latest evidence 

On April 12. 1961. space 
travel began when the Soviet 
Union launched Yuri Gagarin 
into earth orbit in his Yostok 
capsule. Gagarin's flight fol- 
lowed a scries of spectacular 
Soviet successes in space — 

Sputnik, the first artificial 
earth satellite, the flrst dog in 
space and the first space craft 
to photograph the moon's 
hidden side. 

More triumphs followed 
and in the eight years up to 
1965. i: seemed that whatever 
ih’e American engineers 
planned, their Russiap coun- 
terparts beat them every time. 
While the Americans" strug- 
gled to perfect quirky rockets 
that could launch very modest 
payloads, the Russians threw 
tonne-sized spacecraft into or- 
bit with a precision that 
brought two of them within a 
feu miles of each other. 

What made the Soviet suc- 
cesses all the more fascinating 
was the complete secrecy sur- 
rounding them. Little "infor- 
mation leaked out about the 
powerful Russian launchers or 
the masterminds behind 
them, especially the legendary' 
“chief designer” as he was 
always called. 

In reality, the Russian suc- 
cesses were based on one 
brilhant rocket design master- 
minded by one man. Sergei 
Pavlovich Korolev was a 
Ukranian. a trained aeronauti- 
cal engineer and a pilot. 
Arrested during a Stalinist 
purge in 1937. he was taken 
into a team developing mili- 
tary rockets after the war. 

Korolev was tough, daring, 
blunt and cunning. .An able 
organizer, he had tireless ener- 
gy and quickly mastered the 
an of exploiting the Soviet 
political system. His great 
chance came when the mili- 
tary wanted a missile capable 
of delivering atomic weapons 
to targets on the' east coast of 
the United States. Early Soviet 
nuclear bombs weighed over 
two tonnes and were very 

bulky. They would require a 
powerful launcher that could 
develop more than a million 
pounds of thrust. Khrushchev 
was persuaded to provide an 
immense budget and R-7 or 
Semyorka (“old -number 
seven”) was born along with a 
new missile lest range begun 
in June 1955. 

The first Semyorka explod- 
ed on launch in May 1957 as 
did several more. At last, on 
August 3. a launch worked 
perfectly. To convince a scep- 
tical world that the Soviet 
Union now possessed a nucle- 
ar armed intercontinental bal- 
listic missile (ICBMt, Korolev- 
suggested a demonstration of 
its power by using it to launch 
the first artificial earth 

The following month was 

Mastermind: Korolev was 
the mystery man behind the 
Russians' successes 
the 100th aniveisary of the 
birth of Constantin 
Tsiolkovsky. the Russian 
rocket pioneer and Khru- 
shchev recognized the propa- 
ganda value. It look Korolev 
six weeks to lash together a 
test satellite containing just a 
radio transmitter linked to a 
thermometer. Sputnik ! went 
up in October and stunned the 
world. The space race had 
begun and Korolev drew up a 
list of more ambitious space 
launches and the money for 
them was promised. 

Much heavier satellites 

packed with scientific instru- 
ments followed and the first 
dog was put into orbit. A small 
rocket was added as an upper 
stage and after six months of 
failures . satellites were des- 
patched to the moon. 

Khrushchev revelled in 
each success, often using them 
to consolidate his political 
position at home and to create 
a sensation during visits 
abroad. By 1960. he began to 
interfere with Korolev's plans 
in a serious way. Just as Soviet 
engineers were about to con- 
solidate information from a 
new development by launch- 
ing more -craft of the same 
kind. Khrushchev would can- 
cel subsequent flights and 
demand something new. He 
had no real interest in space 
research, but saw it simply as a 
propaganda tool to demon- 
strate Soviet technological su- 
periority. He closed a secrecy 
net around the programme 
and wouldn't even allow “the 
chief designer* to be named. 

Meanwhile, the United 
States was overcoming its 
early booster failures and 
launching a long series of 
scientific satellites for pure 

In October 1_960, a brief 
launch opportunity occurred 
to dispatch a space craft to 
Mars with the minimum ex- 
penditure of energy. With 
Khrushchev visiting the Unit- 
ed Nations that week some- 
thing was expected. In fact, 
two attempts were made to 
launch Mars craft during 
Khrushchev’s visit but both 
failed. He was not pleased. 

On the final launch attempt 
on October 23 1960. the 
countdown went to zero but 
nothing happened. After a 
long wait. the head of the 
Soviet military missile pro- 
gramme,- Marshal Nedelin. 
threw the safety book out of 
the window and ordered the 
launch staff on to the pad 
without the precaution of 
draining fuel and shutting the 

*■ "."Si" • i-'jA a?: \ ti 

Blast off: Vostok rocket launch is the 1970s. The Russians 
have kept this highly reliable system since Yuri Gagarin 
(top left) made his historic mbit in an earlier modeL 

rocket down safely. As the 
launch pad swarmed with 
people, the rocket suddenly lit- 
up. rose a few feet and then 
exploded. Perhaps 50 died, 
including 30 skilled engineers 
and technicians and Nedelin 
himself. Korolev was in the 
launch bunker and escaped 

Meanwhile military pilots 
were under training as cosmo- 
nauts for the first manned 
space flight. The Vostok one- 
man capsules were being built 
and tested in unmanned 
flights. After two foiled at- 

tempts success came at last in 
August 1960 when two dogs 
were orbited and returned 
safely. Animals and craft were 
lost in more tests, but after 
rebuilding the remaining 
Vostok capsule, two complete- 
ly successful flights with ani- 
mals were made in March 
1961. . 

Soviet doctors decided that 
the first manned flight should 
be run by automatic pilot in 
case the cosmonaut was inca- 
pacitated, but.the men object- 
ed. Eventually the controls 
were locked off and the combi- 

nation, (one-four-five for Ga- 
garin) placed in an envelope 
stuck on the cabin walk In the 
event Gagarin was a passenger 
all the way. 

The Vostok craft carried an 
ejector seat to allow the pilot 
to escape if the booster foiled 
on launch. Retro-rockets to 
return the man to earth were 
fired by remote control from, 
the ground and the spherical 
Vostok capsule automatically 
bobbed around to expose its 
heavy side oh re-entry. Gaga- 
rin ejected at 22,000 feet and 
floated down by parachute - 
a fact that presented prob- 
lems for the international 
aeronautical authority, the 
FAL They declarer that they 
could only recognize the 
records claimed if Gagarin 
took off and landed, inside his 
spacecraft. After a long argu- 
ment, the records were recog- 

Khrushchev again demand- 
ed new fears. Gagarin's trip 
was followed by a day-long 
flight by Gherman Titov. In 
1962, two cosmonaut!, 
Nikolyev and Popovich, were 
orbited at the same time, 
passing within a few miles of 
each other. Just over a year 
later, the world was stunned 
again to hear of two more 
cosmonauts in space at the 
same time, Bykovsky and the 
first woman in space, 
Valentina Tereshkova. Once 
again it was Khrushchev's 
idea to send a woman into 
space and . he demanded an 
ordinary Russian. Tereshkova 
was a mill worker chosen from 
a group of four women hastily 
trained for the flight. 

Meanwhile American pride 
was salvaged by two briefhops 
into space by Mercury 
astonautsin 1961. John Glenn 
finally made the first US 
orbital flight 10 months after 
Gagarin. Three more Mercury 
flights followed and the Amer- 
icans geared themselves up for 
their two-man Gemini and 
three-man Apollo space craft 
and a commitment to ajaotm 
landing by 1969. 

Again Khrushchev de- 
manded a spectacle to eefipse 
the start of the Gemini pro- 
gramme. The three*-man 
Soyuz capsule would not be . 
ready for at least two years but 
Korolev was told to put three 
Russians in orbit within a year 
and to arrange a walk in space. 
Work on the Soyuz capsule 
was halted and the Vostok 
capsule was stripped. 

The cosmonauts had to stay 
with their capsule on landing . 
and normally die thump down 
would have killed them. To 
make the landing survivable a 
small rocket was fitted to fire a 
few feet above the ground to 
deaden the impact The Vos- 
khod craft was bom. The 
result was a surprise three- 
man flight in October 1964 

Five months later, a second 

Voskhod carried two men 
aloft 'with an air lock. Alexei 
Leyonov became -the first man 
to leave his space craft and 
walk in space. But not every- 
thing went according to plan. 
After a brief spell outside 

Leyonov found bis suit so 

There is no Touger' any 
doubt that the Russians .realty' 
were aiming for the moon. 
The lander was under devel- 
opment but never flew. Bur 

Two. unmanned Soyuz • cap- ' 

sules did make trial flights out 
to the moon and : back just 

puffed out that he could not 
bend enough at the waist to get 

prior to the famous Apollo 8. 

his feet back in. After l e ngt h y 
struggles he bled air from the 
suit, risking the “bends" 

Voskhod 2's troubles were 
only just starting. The auto- 
matic pilot foiled and the craft 
came down 4 m a mountain 
side in the Urals some 2,000 
miles from the planned site. 

The Voskhod flights were 
the most dangerous space 
flights ever undertaken. The 
cosmonauts took enormous 
risks but they were lucky. By 

moon Trip in 1968. 

•The whole programme was- 
dropped by the Russians when 
it became" dear Thar Apollo 
would beat them to itbuithc 
big fie that they were never in 
the race at all- was widely 
accepted, - 

It is dear that the search for 
funding has shaped both pro- 
grammes. Both grew out of 
military interests, with the 
Russians . first ' folio -/sag a 
spectacular coarse dictated by 
political expediency. . which 
gave - way to . more steady. 

Soyuz 28 atop Its Vostok booster on the branch pfartfonn at 
Baikonur cosmodrome It central AsM*whereail manned: 
space flights began. It was hhmdied on March 2, 1978 . 

the time . Voskhod 2 flew, development. In contrast, tile 

Khrushchev was deposed -and 
a more rational space pro- 
gramme was -adopted! Yet the 
Khrushchev era produced 
very serious consequences. 
The long series of Soviet space 
.spectaculars goaded the Unit- 
ed States, into reorganizing its 
own spiace programme and 
directly produced the Ameri- 
can crash effort to beat the 

Americans were forced 
proceed with spectacular 
projects that would attract 
congressional funding — tbe 
moon landing, skylab, the 
space shuttle and now the 
space laboratory: - 
At the time of Gagarin's- 
flight 25 years ago, the two 
programmes were neck and 
neck. The , Americans pulled 

Russians to the moon. On the . ahead wiltfihe moon landings 
other hand, the one year freeze but now no doubt who 
on the development of the has. the upper hand. For the 
Soyuz capsule delayed the moinent, it’s the Russians. - 
Soviet moon effort . . ©no— Hnw p^ w udms 

Glowing in the wind 

Prefacing the preliminaries of 
this year's BBC Young Musi- 
cian of the Year competition, 
to be screened next Monday 
(BBC2, 6pm) is a short docu- 
mentary on the previons win- 
ner, the young English 
clarinettist Emma Johnson, 
who at the tender age of 17 
caught the public imagination 
with a stunning performance 
of CruselTs Clarinet Concerto 
No 2. 

The documentary was 
filmed at the recording ses- 
sions for Miss Johnson's sec- 
ond record to show what can 
be achieved by the winner of 
the competition. 

It would be surprising, how- 
ever. if this year's recipient 
could match the extraordinary 
success of the teenager from 
Orpington, who in less than 
two years has established 
herself as something of a star. 
She has managed to do what 

Inner calm: Emma Johnson 

very few wind players have 
achieved — becoming a top 
soloist without having served 
an apprenticeship in orches- 
tras and chamber groups. 

By her 19th birthday she 
had played In gala concerts in 
the Barbican. London, on bills 
with John Dankworth and 
Andrei Gavrilov; played 
Mozart's Clarinet Concerto in 
Vienna; performed with top 

orchestras in this country and 
in Europe; and gives a live 
Eurovision broadcast to an/ 
audience of 20 million under 
the baton of Yehudi Menuhin. 

She has also performed 
before the Queen in a televised 
performance, survived a 
Wagon appearance, as well as 
establishing herself almost as 
a regular on BBCs Pebble 
Mill at One. And all this while 
studying English at Cam- 
bridge University. 

How has she done it? Lead- 
ing clarinettist Jack Brymer, 
who has watched her progress 
as well as helping and advising 
her on occasions, said: "She 
has an ability to really commu- 
nicate music to others". But he 
added: “Her main quality is 
her self-possession and inner 
calm which enables her to 
perform better when the red 
light goes on." 


I Outranks (61 
5 Follow rules (6) 

S Route (3) 

9 Penetrate i.6l 

10 Flo»cr fluid (S> 

11 Intend (J) 

12 Liable id sin (8) 

14 Agree ( 6J 

17 InsiiuiuonaJ resident 

19 Obsessed with detail 

22 Large ba? (4) 

24 Country property (61 

25 Joined together (6) 

26 Doze off (3.1 

27 Warmed up i6) 

28 Sirongij advise 


2 Lift up 1 5) 

3 Slupid (7 » 

4 Bnishcr 1 7) 

5 Sceptic!:) 

6 Arabian coffee (5) 17 Take In (71 

7 Pamphlet (7) IS Liberator (7) 

13 Tin (3) 20 Separate (5) 

15 Supervise (7) 21 Tendency (Sj 

16 Vase (3) 23 Distinct (5| 


ACROSS: 8 Transgression 9 Odd I0Th«riser 11 Glebe 13 
Srfumpv 16 Defames 19 Chart 22 Pockmarks 24 Far 25 

DOWN; 1 Strong 2 Dawdle 3 Isotherm 4 Creeps 5 User 6 Lis- 
som "Energy 12 Lie M Rickshaw IS Per 16 Depict 17 Fac- 
ing 18 Scrape 20 Affair 21 Throng 23 Meek 

Although she is firmly com- 
mitted to the life of a soloist, 
she is determined to finish her 
degree. She is also serious 
about extending her musical 
range. Michael Berkeley, Carl 
Davis and John Dankworth 
have all written works for h or, 
and she admits to having more 
than an eye to the kind of 
cross-over career, mining pop- 
ular with classical music, 
flautist James Galway man- 
ages so welL 

“Menuhin gave me a lot of 
help" she acknowledges.** He 
gave me the confidence to play 
bow I want to play and be what 
I want to be, rather than what 
teachers say I should do." 

She does not know whether 
the astonishing solo career 
will last bats he is not worried. 
"I want to play more chamber 
music — I am playing 
Messiaen's Quartet for the 
End of Time iu Finland — and 
I know that some of the best 
things ever written for the 
clarinet are in orchestral 

The weekend starts here 

_1f^ y S ling J il, £ rt ** anaotobiographkai hit - * 
" Without. 

But Sheridan Morley questions the quality and 
sounds a warning bell from the wings 

Crossword Capitalist 
.revelation, .Bandit 

Easter jumbo Levin in 
winners Hungary 

£ 2,000 to be won 

* i 


•~;a‘ ■*■ 

Jr“i settaj _i 

t * 

i : - 

... ii: 



Nicolas Soames 




British children get a total of £600 million 
ever y year in pocket money. Lee Rodwell 
% . examines the figures — and the principle 

in the pocket 

H ow much pocket money 
go yon give your children? 
Fifty pence a week, a 

. pound'— or even more? 

According, to the Wall’s Pocket 
Money Monitor, compiled by Gal- 
lup, Britain's JO million five to 16 
year-olds get around £600 million a 
yearu pocket money, an average of 

Before you rush to hide fhis page 
°®P«ng it shouldbe 
Mded that age makes a difference: 
five to seven-year-olds get an aver- 
age 54p a week; eight to text-year-olds 
77p; ll to 1 3-year-olds £1.42 and 14 
to 16-year-olds£l. is also worth 
^pointing out that there are regional 
diffe rences (children in Scotland 
setting the most and children in 
Wales and the Somh West getting the 
least) and, despite the movement for 
equality for women, girls still aver- 
age less than boys. 

Now whether these figures msir» 
you feel niggardly or munificent it is 
worth keeping them at your finger- 
tips for the next few weeks because 
the whole topic of.podret money is 
about to be raised by a six- part 
children’s series on Channel 4 
The Pocket Money Programme. 

The series — written by Alastair 
Pirrie and Maggie Drummond — 
takes a lively look at a range of topics 
from banks to BMX bikes, inflati on 
Kb to monster movies and, along the 
way, suggests ways of saving pocket 
money or spending it wisely. But the 
one thing it doesn't do is question 
the concept of giving pocket money. 

Maggie Drummond, a financial 
journalist who has two children of 
her own, admits that the concept of 
pocket money can be a difficult one. 
“You have to ask yourself what you 
are giving them pocket money for. 
People arc strange when it comes to 
money — some ford it almost as hard 
to talk to their children about money 
as about sex. And no mother to 

admit that her offspring spend all 
their money ofl sweets or 

"But children are very materialis- 
tic. They are consumers now. and . 
they will be consumers as adults. ; 

You :; only -have to. look at the 
‘marketing ploys nsed by the banks 
and building societies (who still seem 

Stour custom they will have you 

life) to see how much competition 
there is for their custom". 

All very weU in theory, bat in 
practice does a weekly hand-out 
really teach children any useful 
financial lessons? Pru Kiading is not 
sure. She has two children, Alexan- 
dra, 10' and Thomas, eight. 

She says; “I had pocket money as a 
child and I fed itis an important part 
of a child's development to Irani 
how to budget, to realise that money 
doesn't grow oh trees and when it’s 
gone it'sgone.1 started giving pocket 
money when Alexandra was seven. 
Although .Thomas was only five he 
got some too, as h didn*t seem fair 
otherwise; • 

“Everything was fine until Alexan- 
dra became fnends with a boy whose 
parents didn't have tire same policy. 
They gave him money when he 
wanted jt” 

S he explained:** Alexandra 
would go off to the local she 
and spend all her money 
then there would be tears 
because she didn't have any left 
“Alexandra 1 is always saying every; 
one else gets £1 or more. My answer 
to that' is that when die has shown 
she can- spend it sensibly I will put 
her pocket money up. But if she is 
going to spend £1 a week on sweets, 
that's not good for her or her teeth. 

“Jt is difficult sometimes. When 
they have a bode fair at school it’s 
tempting to give her extra because I 
approve of books. But I don’t, 
became the principle is the same. 
And die has missed but on things die 
really wanted, to do because she 
hasn’t had the money. 

“She couldn't afford to go to the 
disco at school because she rad spent 
all her money, even though she knew 
it was coating up and I had said she 
must pay for it herself It seems a 
harsh lemon,- but perhaps it is the 
only way she will learn”. 

Called to account Will Hodglrinson, aged 16, with bis pocket-money financed record and poster collection 


If your child tads hard done 
by . . .chock with other parents to 
see how much they give their 
children and wtiat the money is for. 

cover lunches 

eta You may prefer toect a* 
chauffeur; franco outkra and sb on. 
Make sure yooana cdmpartbg ~ * - 
like with Wee. 

If you feel year cMd waste* Ms . 

mooey~jctieck that you are giving 
enough to be spent sensfoty. You . 
can't get much for 50p. Would It be 
better to give a larger amount 
less frequently? 



1978 . 36p + 9% 

1977 . 45p 4-25%. 

197* :62p ; +38% 

1979'. 78p . . +28% 
1990 J lit 99p. _ . +27% 
19*1 7 113p.. +14% 
.1982 .. '.S6p —16% 

1983 122p +29% 

1984 .105p -14% 

1985;. 109p +4% 

198* 117p +7% 


15 . 8 % 


13 . 4 % 





6 . 0 %. 


- & 1 % 

Some WUTs Pa** Mvw Men** by 
Gahp.WtttfenDtfa from Wen taflw 

Another parent who admits she is 
confused about the whole question 
of pocket money is Gay Shreim, who 
has a 16-year-old son Gideon and 
two younger children, Jamie, 7, and 
Daniel, 5. 

She says: “Whether having pocket 
money gives them an idea of the 
value of money or not 1 just don’t 
know. I do try to teD them that 
saving is good and that if they save 
up rather than spend it all each week 
they can buy something better. 
Jamie gets 50p a week and Daniel 
gets 20 to 30p. If they are given 
money as presents then it goes into 
their building society accounts. But 
with their weekly pocket money it is 
inevitable that it’s going to be spent 
on sweets or toys”. 

Gideon is at Frensham Heights 
school, in Surrey, where 16-year-old 
Will Hodgkinson is also a boarder. 
WiD explained the school banking 

“Yon come with a cheque — I 
think the school recommends about 
£60 — and you pay it in and are given 
a cheque book. When yon want to get 
some cash out, you get the cheque 
signed by your housemaster. Before 
this system l used to have pocket 
money but I think this works better. 
You can get large amounts out if yon 
wantto — although they can refuse to 
sign the cheques — but basically you 
manage your money yourself There 
are tunes when you don’t need 
money so you don’t get it out If you 
bad cash you might spend it anyway. 

Of course, if you are foolish and have 
a wild weekend you are left penniless 
for the rest of term. 

“I use the money for travelling to 
London or going home at weekends. 
I go and see friends or go to concerts, 
perhaps have a meal out. If I need 
clothes my parents buy them. If I 
don’t like the clothes they buy, the 
best plan is to wear them out quickly. 

“If I just want something then they 
make me pay for h. If it’s something 
big I ask for money at birthdays and 
try not to go out much so I can save. 

** When 1 was younger I used to get 
pocket money. I think it started 
when I was about five. I used to get 
5p for sweets and lOp if I wanted to 
save it, which I didn't because I only 
wanted sweets at that age. I think 
that was fair, though”. 

Wfl], as a younger son, probably 
had pocket money at an earlier age 
than his older brother. As many 
parents have found to their cost, it is 
hard to give one child in the family 
pocket money and not the others, 
although most famili es still seem to 
operate a system of age differentials. 
Kit when should you start giving 
pocket money — if at all? 

' s Penelope Leach, poims out 
in her book. The Parents A 
to 2 “Most pre-school 
children cannot understand 
money as anything but ‘treasure’. 
Try giving your very young child a 
coin. You will probably find that, if 
the circumstances allow he will at 

once spend it, happily swapping it 
for that comic but being quite 
uninterested in either the change or 
the possibility that he could buy a 
cheaper comic and a lollipop''. 

As children get older their attitude 
to money changes. Once they see 
other children with money to spend 
on sweets and toys, they will want 
money to spend too . 

One the other hand, some parents 
feel you have to start somewhere. 
Teresa Sienitiewicz, an accountant, 
has two children aged nine and ten. 
She says: “We used to buy things for 
them — after all the amounts 
involved are usually minimal for 
parents so it’s easy to be casual about 
iL But 1 felt they had to learn to 
manage money. Now they each get 
£1 a week You cannot stop them 
spending their money how they want 
— that is the only way they can learn” 

At some point in many families 
pocket money gives way to an 

Frances Faux hands over the 
family allowance every month to her 
daughters Sarah, 17, and Catherine, 
IS, both still at schooL On top of the 
£28 each a month they earn money at 
pan-time jobs. They also get £1 a 
week pocket money. 

Frances says: “I buy their school 
shoes and uniform but that is iL 
They have to pay for things like 
make-up and earrings and all their 
other clothes. I don’t veto their 
choice - it’s their money and the 
system seems to work.” 

6 My loving parents 
and adoring husband 

are mine because 
of your sacrifice. . . 

On March 28 (Friday Page) 
Dflys Jones described how she 
gave away her baby son for 
adoption, and her subsequent 
mental anguish. A reader, who 
was herself adopted, responds 
with a letter to her own mother 
Dear Mother. 

It gives me great pleasure to 
call you that for the first time 
in my life. Sadly it must also 
be the last. 

To all intents and purposes 
we are strangers, but I believe 
that you and I know better. 
The “bonding” which doctors 
are so keen to have us believe 
occurs at birth I believe starts 
at conception, but we don’t 
realize this until much later. 

It is very difficult for me, in 
opening my heart to you for 
the first time, not to give you 
some clue to my identity; the 
desire to do so is overwhelm- 
ing, but I know that for your 
sake 1 must noL 

I spent my childhood bask- 
ing in the knowledge that 1 was 
special, and indeed, 1 was one 
of those pink and gold chil- 
dren with brown hair and soft 
blonde curls. (All that has long 
since changed, but 1 hope I 
have learnt to make the best of 
what 1 have). I was loved and 
not a little spoilt, never 
spoiled. Was I happy? 1 was 
too busy being a child to 
wonder. It is only in retrospect 
that one asks such questions 
along with the ever changing 
ideas and philosophies on how 
children should be brought up. 

Eventually, after the usual 
ups and downs which beset 
the adolescent, I married. It 
didn't last and 1 think I would 
have been less than human if 
words such as “iff and 
“suppose” had not crossed my 

The first spark of curiosity 
about you showed itself six 
years ago. shortly after 1 met 
the man who would become 
my second husband It was 
just before Christmas and 1 
said “I wonder if she ever 
thinks about me”. My words 
surprised me. I had not been 
aware that I had been thinking 
about you. We talked about 
you. wondering for a while, 
and ihen went on with our 

We never know what tricks 
fate has stored up his sleeve 
for us. It is probably just as 
well. The following year I 
miscarried a tiny scrap of 
humanity, which had you 
known us, would have been 
your grandchild The memory 
is still almost too painful to 
bear, talking about it is almost 
impossible and the tears flow 
as 1 tell you now. 


We were advised that preg- 
nancy could prove dangerous, 
even fatal to me. Until that 
moment I hadn't realized how 
1 ached fora blood link, which 
now I would never have. 

How curious, that parallel. 
You haven’t seen me since I 
was a baby and I have never 
seen you, but once again our 
lives touch emotionally. You 
see. my pregnancy was not 
planned either and we both 
lost our babies. 

This event triggered not just 
idle curiosity, but a deep need 
to know you. so, armed with 
what information 1 had. with 
my husband's help I went 
through the relevant channels 
and got a copy of my original 
birth certificate. It was surpris- 
ingly easy and on my birthday 
that year we took a trip. Not 
only did I find the house in 
which you had me (now I 
knew I had actually been 
born), but I also saw the bouse 
where you lived before and 
possibly after my birth. My 
husband was so excited that he 
went and knocked, but it was a 
Bank Holiday and there was 
nobody there. 

Looking back I realize how 
very fortunate it was that there 
was no one in to answer my 

You see, once again our 
lives touched, but this time I 
was you. 1 know that as I think 
of you on my birthday, you 
also think of me. I know that 
as I cried for my baby you will 
have wept for me — and I 
know that much as I would 
yearn for the day when a 
stranger would knock on the 
door and say “Mother", I 
would live in constant dread 
of it ever happening. 

There is much I would like 
to ask of you. Do we look 
alike? There is much I would 
like to ask of you, not least of 
which is “why?". But 1 was 
never in your situation. I 
never had to make the deci- 
sion, which either way, would 
leave its mark for the rest of 
my life. What I do understand 
is the heartache. 

I pray that since my birth, 
life has been- kind to you. I 
hope that you have found 
peace, contentment and fulfil- 
ment in whatever you have 
chosen. The loving parents 
and adoring husband 1 have 
are mine for one reason alone 
— your sacrifice. I thank you ; 
from ihe bottom of my heart. 

Your loving daughter. 


An ill breath from the West 

The western lifestyle may be 
responsible for the ap p arent 
increase in asthma cases. The 
present estimate for the UK. 
2.75 million, is higher than 
ever accordmgnlo some doc- 
tors, who also think that very 
severe cases are b ecomimg 
more common. 

That our lifestyle may be 
the culprit is s ug ge st e d by Dr 
Ian Greg* senior research 
fellow at Southampton 
University's department of 
primary medical care, in a 
paper published in Clinical 

Hard evidence that a s t hm a 
fc is on the increase in western 
countries is rather scanty but 
epidemiological studies over- 
seas have unearthed cases 
where the incidence of asthma 
has risen as the country or . 
population adopted a more.' 
western lifestyle- 

Two examples are Papua 
New Guinea and New Zea- 
land. In Papua New G uinea 
asthma was very rare before 
the 1970s. By 1980 the preva- 
lence was 7.3 per cent among 
adults. New Zealand has seen 
the incidence of as t hm a 
among children double to 13-5 
per cent between 1969 and 
1982. Evidence is that the 
biggest increase in the country 
has bran among Maoris who 
have six limes the chanc e of 


dying from asthma • as 

Dr Gregg lists vehicle ex- 
haust, industrial effluents, 
pesticides and detergents 
among the possible causes of 
increased asthma but says 
■ these have never really been 
assessed. Another possible 
cause is food additives. 

“Additives could explain an 
increasing prevalence of asth- 
ma, not only in w est e r n 
countries but also in Third 
World populations, where the 
introduction of preserved 
food has been a salient feature 
of their contact with the 

Quicker check-up 
on infertility 

[More accurate 
\diagnoss ofin- 
Yfemlity in men 
may soon, be 
possible in ' the 
UK thanks to a. 
machine im- 
._ fiom the United 
States-Common causes of in- 
fertility include not having 
enough sperm, spam of the 
wrong shape or size, or sperm 
whim lade mobility. At present 
it takes two days for the 
laboratory to Investigate a 


' ta, “^ss7 ffns r IS Ti 

MS ** 1 

sperm sample for each of these 
problems and to decide wheth- 
er the donor is fertile. 

MsAnneJecmiier, honorary 
consultant amf senior lecturer 
in obstetrics and gynaecology 
at the University of Notting- 
ham, has acquired an Ameri- 
can computerized machine 
which will allow her to carry 
out do the task in just 90 
seconds. The machine, made 
by Ceilsqft of New Yak and 
bought under a deal with 
Nottingham’s Leycor Labora- 
tories, will earn its keep in the 
private sector but Ms Jequier 
will use it for research. Only 
two other such machines are 
available in Europe. 

Its high price makes it 
unlikely that every infertility 
clinic will get one. But it may 
be possible for labs lo go " on- 
line ” and make use of the 
computer program over the. 

Meanwhile a few weeks’ 
work with the machine has 
already shown that conven- 
tional techniques grossly over- 
estimate the quality of sperm. 
Ms Jequier says She hopes the 
machine will allow much more 
accurate identification of fer- 
tile and infertile men. 

Greens beat the 
appendix blues 

A diet which 
contains a 
healthy propor- 
tion of green 
vegetables and 
tomatoes will 
protect against 
Medical Re- ' 

Bpiantiqy , 

Staff at the MRCs Environ- 
mental Epidemiology Unit in 
Southampton correlated acute 
appendicitis rates In $9 areas 
of England and Wales with the 
local diet, as measured by the 
National Food Survey. 1979- 
1981. Areas where the most 
brnssels sprouts, cabbage; 
peas and tomatoes were eaten 
have die lowest appendicitis 

Writing in the British Medi- 
cal Journal, Professor David 
Barker, Ji ied w of Ae writ, 
suggests these foods 
protect against; 
hnvteg a beneficial effect on 
the bacteria in the appendix. 

A positive correlation be- 

tween potatoes and appendici- 
tis was also found bat 
sta ti s ti ca l analysis suggests 
this was simply because those 
who ate the least green vegeta- 
bles were likely to eat the most 

Safer travelling 
for your baby 

Most parents 
appear to be un- 
aware of the 
danger faced by 
babies who are 
not properly 
strapped in 
while travelling in care, ac- 
cording to two reports in the 
latest British Medical Journal. 
In the first few months of life, 
a forward-feeing baby seat is 
too big while a cot restraint 
may do little to prevent the 
baby being flung out of the cot 
in an accident 

The journal's reports claim 
that less than a quarter of 
parents strap their babies in 
without prompting. 

A number of models suit- 
able for babies up to nine 
months old, which can be 
secured in the front sealbehs, 
are now available. 

They comply with British 
safety standards and are de- 
signed so that the infant is 
semi-reclining and feeing 

In an emergency, the force 
will thrust the child into the 
back of the baby seat and not 
catapault him or her out The 
driver can keep an eye on the 
baby without having to turn 
round constantly — and 

The seats cost about £30 
and the Child Accident Pre- 
vention Trust has begun a 
campaign to persuade health 
authorities to run loan 

Last week. Fife Health 
Board started a loan scheme, 
and the first ISO babies bran 
there will be given rate for the 
first nine months of their 
lives. An informal scheme is 
already running in south 

Loan schemes are already 
well established in the USA, 
Scandinavia and New Zea- 
land. where backward-feeing 
infant safety seats have been 
de rigueur for more than a 

Olivia Timbs and 
Lorraine Fraser 

Elegant Interiors 


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Michael Smiths scrumptious, 
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Derek Cooper chooses light Spring wines. 

New: big, bold prints. 

The flamestitch revival: fabrics to buy, 
a tapestry cushion cover to make. . 


Trisha Guild’s informal, natural arrangements. 

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The Auomey General, Sir Mi- 
chael Havers, and lhe Director of 
Public Prosecutions. Sir Thomas 
Heiheringion. could find them- 
selves in court facing a £16,000 
damages claim by Luton house- 
wife Pauline Williams Earlier this 
year she brought a successful 
private manslaughter action 
against drug, pusher Gary Austin, 
who had injected her teenage son 
John with a lethal overdose, after 
the DPP refused to prosecute. 
Austin was eventually jailed for IS 
months. Now she will take the 
unprecedented step of suing both 
the DPP and Lhe Attorney General 
for her legal costs if St Albans 
Crown Court fails to offer her 
“adequate" expenses for her pri- 
vate action. "Because of this I lost 
my job and all my savings", says 
Mrs Williams. **I am asking for £1 
an hour for the 6.000 hours I spent 
working on the case, and £1 for 
each of the 6.000 letters I sent, as 
well as compensation for the small 
legal costs I incurred. It is very 
small beer compared with what 1 
have been through: 1 hold tbera 
directly responsible because they 
Tailed to prosecute in the fust 
place." Mrs Williams Has enrolled 
as a law student: as a lawyer, she 
would be entitled to costs in a 
private prosecution. 

Mick’s place 

Spotted outside Mick Jagger's 
former London home in Cheyne 
Walk — which he shared, among 
others, with Bianca and Marianne 
Faith fu II - the sign “Pest 
Eradication." The house, now 
owned “by an earl’s daughter," 
still has traces of Jagger. “Fan 
mail, awful security bars and 
terrible decoration." says the firm. 
“But the new occupant has taste." 

Private lives 

The tabloids — not to mention 
.Alliance election pamphlets — 
should make capital out of the 
Tory's choice of NeO Balfour to 
fight the forthcoming Ryedale by- 
election in Yorkshire. Balfour 
married Princess Elizabeth of 
Yugoslavia and lost her sensa- 
tionally in 1974, to Richard 
Burton, who was cited in the 
divorce. Balfour's step-daughter is 
Catherine Orenburg, known to 
millions as Joan Collins' daughter 
in Dynasty -and. to American 
viewers as the actress who played 
Princess Diana' in a CBS drama- 
documentary. When Balfour, a 
merchant banker, learned of his 
wife's affair, he quit as the Tories' 
prospective - parliamentary., can- 
didate for Hayes and Harlingion/ 
He later: recovered to write a 
biography of his late father-in-law. 
Prince Paul, and became Tory 
MEP for North Yorks. 

Head to head 

John Davies, the man who used 
the National Union of Teachers’ 
conference in Scarborough to 
denounce the Government’s 
education spending cuts, has more, 
than one axe to grind. As well as 
being .director of the Educational. 
Publishers’ Council -he is also a 
prospective Labour candidate for 
the next general election. Thfc 
constituency? Finchley, against 
Mrs Thatcher. • 


Passengers on a flight from New 
York escaped the wrath of God 
this week when their plane was 
struck by lightning. Or perhaps it 
was meant as a warning shot to 
one of them — the Rev Ian Pais- 
ley. flying back to Belfast to 
reassert his leadership. 

Arthur’s seat 

Barnsley doesn't forget its 
favourite son. The local trades 
council is immortalizing . Arthur 
Scargil! by putting his name to a 
new education trust to finance 
trade union scholarships at Rus- 
kin College, Oxford, and making 
him its first lire president What 
more could a man want? 


•What rhymes with "My 
husband and IT 

At the ready 

Gwyneth Dunwoodv’s £2,000 
debt to the House of Commons 
restaurant is small beer. I hear 
one MP who has not been named 
faces possible action over a re- 
ported debt of £6.000. Meanwhile 
the naming of debtors is having a 
salutary effect on other MPs, who 
are deluging the restaurant with 
cheques to settle unpaid bills.' 
Yesterday Charles Irving, who 
provides “Spotted Dick for the ex- 
public schoolboy and transport 
cafe fare ' for the rest” — as a 
Cabinet minister has put it — 
refused to be drawn on the sordid 
matter of money. “They are all 
honourable gentlemen — and 
ladies,” he told me. 


1 have been trying to imagine what 
would happen if the United States 
government signed an agreement 
allowing the Mexican government 
to exercise some sort of super- 
vision over the affairs ofTexas; to 
the Texans, such an agreement 
would be. to risk understatement, 
less than popular. “Remember the 
.Alamo” might become as potent a 
cry there .as "Remember the 
Boyne" is in Ulster. 

Argument by analogy has its 
dangers but can nevertheless be 
illuminating, and simply to sug- 
gest that the Mexican government 
might properly have a rote in 
Texas (or California) or for that 
matter the French in Quebec does 
help to make one realize just how 
extraordinary the Hillsborough 
agreement is, and how natural the 
Ulster Protestant opposition. 

The full consequences of the 
agreement still lie m the murk of 
the future, but it has already 
achieved what would have been 
thought- impossible — setting 
Protestants against the Royal-Ul- 
ster Constabulary. That may seem 
a piece of statesmanship worthy of 
George 1 1 1 and Lord North. No 
doubt there will be found those 
ready to defend this antagonism as 
an unavoidable price of the 
Hillsborough process. They might 
draw a comparison with France's 
withdrawal from Algeria, where de 
Gaulle's policies led the OAS 
diehards to turn on the force they 
had idolized, the French army. 

But such a comparison exposes 
the intellectual vanity of Hills- 
borough: de Gaulle’s policy of 
disengagement from Algeria was 
represented a recognition of a the 
force of political reality, of the 
existence inescapable fact of the 
native • M uslim majority. By 
comparison. Hillsborough seems 
whimsical in comparison: it dis- 
plays a policy framed to please a 
minority of the minority — that is 
to say, the SDLP. How has this 
follv come about? 

Political folly is ofien rooted in 
ignorance of history, and, unfortu- 
nately the English are both bored 
by history and unaware of it even 
when it directly affects them. The 
Scots and the Irish think dif- 
ferently because for us (I write as a 
Scot) history is a continuing 
process, as it is for the nations of 
Eastern Europe. There is much 
unfinished business: 1707 in Scot- 
land; the whole of the 1 7th century 
in Ireland. It is not too much to 

Ulster history 
lessons that 
go unheeded 

by Allan Massie 

say that the reason for England's 
consistent failure in Ireland rests 
in the English indifference to 

That rare Englishman Enoch 
Powell understands this, which is 
why he now finds himself 
representing an Ulster constit- 
uency. He observed in a Spectator 
review a year or so ago that for a 
politician there was no substitute 
for reading history. 

But how much have the mem- 
bers of the present Government 
read? How much — it is probably 
superfluous to ask -have the 
leaders of the Opposition? Does 
any of them know, for instance, 
that in 1833, Macaulay, speaking 
from the Whig benches in the 
Commons, defied Daniel 
O’Connell to give one reason why, 
if there was a parliament in 
Dublin, there should not also be 
one in Londonderry? 

The Liberator could not supply 
an answer; no one has answered 
adequately since. Yet Macaulay's 
question is still pertinent; it 
remains the basis for any serious 
discussion of the Irish question. - 

There never was an Insh state or 
a united Ireland, except under the 
British Crown. The strongest and 
most prolonged political effort by 
any group in the past 100 years has 
been that made by Ulster Prot- 
estants to resist incorporation in a 
unitary Irish state. They have 
consistently declined to be subject 
to a Dublin parliament, even 
when that parliament was merely 
to be granted Home Rule under 
the Crown. The establishment of 
the Republic of Ireland served 
only to strengthen the Ulstermen's 
resolve to be free of Dublin rule. 
These are historical facts. 

When Gladstone proposed 
Home Rule 200- years ago the 

Ulster Protestants had many 
friends at Westminster. Lord Ran- 
dolph Churchill saw that “the. 
Orange card" was the one to play: 
the Tories were resolute against 
Home Rule. It even broke the 
Liberal Party, the Whigs hiving off 
under Hariington and Joseph 
Chamberlain taking the Radicals 
into the Liberal Unionists. When 
Home Rule was revived a quarter 
of a century later some Tories 
were still sufficiently adamant to 
contemplate an army mutiny. 
“Ulster win fight, and Ulster will 
be right", said the Dublin -bora Sir 
Edward Carson. Anyone with eyes 
can see that Ulster's determina- 
tion and belief in the rightness of 
its cause has not diminished, 
though its support at Westminster 
has withered. 

In 1922 the North was given 
what Ulstermen had never in fact 
asked for a parliament of its own. 
For nearly 50 years there was 
comparative peace in Ireland. No 
doubt there was discrimination 

a gainst the Catholic min ority in 

the North, but this discrimination 
was nevpr sufficiently severe to 
provoke* either rebellion or 
emigration on any great scale. 
Eventually came the demand for 
civil rights, though in fact Catho- 
lics in Ulster enjoyed the same 
civil rights as their fallow citizens 
throughout the United Kingdom. 
Whatever measures of dis- 
crimination were actually prac- 
tised rested on no legal authority. 

This demand coincided with the 
first attempt of the provincial 
government led by Captain Ter- 
ence O’Neill to effect some sort of 
rapprochement with Dublin. As 
disorder grew,. Edward Heath 
suppressed the Stormont govern- 
ment. though logic suggests that he 
might have been wiser to 

strengthen it. The abolition of 
.Stormont inaugurated the policy 
which Westminster has continued 
ever since and which has come to 
fruition in the Hillsborough agree- 
ment; its aim has been to appease 
the Catholic minority in the hope 
of detaching it. from the IRA and 
Sinn Fein. * 

There is no evidence that this 
policy has worked or is working. 
Its corollary has been to embitter 
and inflame the Prolestant major- 
ity, with the results we now see. In 
short, Westminster's policy has 
been to pretend that the question 
Macaulay put to O'Connell was 
invalid and unimportant 

The optimism of such pretence 
is puerile. The government would 
do better to heed the wiser 
counsels of the man who was 
perhaps the wisest of all Conser- 
vative prime ministers, the third 
Marquess of Salisbury: “The op- 
timist view of politics assumes 
there must be some remedy for 
every political Dl, and rather than 
not find it, will make two hard- 
ships to cure one. If all equitable 
remedies have failed, its votaries 
take it - as proved without ax] 
ment that the one-sided remedies 
which are left must needs succeed. 

“One thing we know we can do 
in Ireland, for we have done it in 
India and elsewhere with popula- 
tions more unmanageable and 
more bitten we can keep the peace 
and we can root out organized 
crime. But there is no precedent in 
our history to teach us that 
political measures can conjure 
away hereditary antipathies which 
arc fed by constant agitation. The 
free institutions, which sustain the 
life of a free and united peor 
sustain also the hatreds of a 
divided people." 

-What is the Hillsborough agree- 
ment but a one-sided remedy such 
as Salisbury deplored? What are 
all the elaborate schemes pro- 
pounded in the last 15 years but 
political measures that are no 
more than fantasies conceived in 
the hope of “conjuring away 
hereditary antipathies”? 

Ulster requires no such chi- 
meras. It requires firm and fair 
government It requires the recog- 
nition of lhe truth behind 
Macaulay’s question: that die 
Ulster Protestants will not submit 
to a Dublin government But isn't 
that precisely what Enoch Powell 
who has read and pondered 
history, has been demanding? 

Mary Dejevsky analyses Gorbachov’s diplomatic shake-up 

Moscow’s new faces abroad 

Anatoly Dobrynin is malting his 
final farewell calls in Washington 
after 24 years as Soviet ambas- 
sador. In the few weeks Moscow's 
ambassadors in Bonn, London 
and Peking will be making similar 
rounds. The moves are part of an 
extensive reshuffle which reflects a . 
change in the face and possibly the 
direction of Soviet diplomacy. 

In the Soviet Union, the choice 
of an ambassador appears to be-, 
just as politically motivated as it is 
in the United States. Andropov’s 
accession to power in 1982 was 
followed by the appointment of 
career officials in the Soviet 
Commum st Party as new ambas- 
sadors to Poland, Bulgaria and 
Hungary. This was seen partly as 
the first stage in a necessary 
rejuvenation of the diplomatic 
cadre but also as an attempt by 
Moscow to reassert its authority in 
Eastern Europe, after a period of 
weak leadership during 
Brezhpev’s final years. 

The moves now taking place 
may be a continuation of the 
rejuvenation process begun by 
Andropov. But they also reinforce 
the impression that Soviet foreign 
policy has acquired new priorities 
since Mikhail Gorbachov came to 
power, and especially since he 
promoted the former foreign min- 
ister. Andrei Gromyko, to the 
presidency and away from every- 
day policy-making. 

The new priorities bring the 
superpower relationship back into 
the centre of Soviet foreign policy, 
but they also provide for other 
options should the incipient di- 
alogue with America come to 
nothing. Gorbachov's predecess- 
ors faced the failure of their 
attempts to block deployment of 
cruise and Pershing missiles in 
Western Europe and the break- 
down of the Geneva arras control 
talks without any alternative poli- 
cies. Gorbachov’s concern to build 
up his country's diplomacy in the 
Far East, and in particular to 
improve relations with China, 
suggests that he does not want the 
Soviet Union to be bereft of policy 
choices again. 

The new Soviet ambassador to 
Peking is (he only one to have 

Kvftskiasky: anas expert 
tipped for Bonn 

been named so far. He is Oleg 
Troyanovsky. who served until 
February as Soviet ambassador to 
the United Nations. During his 
nine years at the UN he had to 
weather the storm created by his 
country's invasion of Afghanistan. 
It was largely thanks to his urbane 
manner, excellent command of 
English and feeling for public 
relations (he spent some of his 
teenage years in the US while his 
father was serving as Soviet 
ambassador to Washington) that 
the Moscow's international pres- 
tige did not suffer greater damage 
during this difficult period. 

Troyanovsky’s willingness to 
adapt to the ways of his host 
country and take a high dip- 
lomatic profile casts him in the 
Gorbachov mould, despite his 
age — he is in his mid-sixties. At 
the same time, the appointment of 
so experienced a diplomat confers 
a seniority on the China posting 
that it has not enjoyed for 25 

Moscow's new appointments to 
the three Western capitals have 
not yet been announced, but a 
number of names have been 
floated. Two men are believed to 
be in contention for the Wash- 
ington posL One is the current 
Soviet ambassador in Paris, Yuli 
Vorontsov, whose nomination 
would leave another prestige post- 
ing vacant. The other possibility is 
Viktor Komplektov, a specialist 
on the US who became a deputy 

Dobrynin: to oversee rdatious 
with the West 

foreign minister three years ago. 

But whoever takes up the 
appointment will have to reckon 
with the continuing influence on 
Soviet diplomacy of former 
ambassador Dobrynin. He is be- 
ing recalled from Washington to 
join the Central Committee 
secretariat where he is expected to 
oversee Soviet relations with the 
Western world as a whole. 

The name most frequently men- 
tioned for London is that of 
Leonid Zamyatin, who has until 
now been a formidable figure in 
the Soviet foreign ministry. But 
his appointment would be a 
dubious honour, both for him and 
for London. It would mean 
Zamyatin’s effective removal 
from the domestic scene, where be 
has been head of the Central 
Committee's international infor- 
mation department for more than 
eight years, amounting to an 
honourable retirement posting for 
an ideological conservative whose 
face no longer fits. 

For some time Moscow has 
appeared to accept that hs in- 
fluence in London is circum- 
scribed by British government 
policy and by this country’s 
special relationship with the US. If 
Zamyatin is named as ambassador 
to London, his seniority will 
formally upgrade the post; his 
reputation for unimaginatively 
toeing the Soviet party line will 
not. Unless, that is. Gorbachov 
believes that Zamyatin is the man 

to crack the tough London nut. 

Gorbachov’s assessment of 
Moscow's diplomatic chances in 
Western Europe is most opaque in 
its possible choice of ambassador 
to Bonn. Oleg Kvitskinsky is the 
chief Soviet negotiator ~ in the 
space weapons section of the 
Geneva arms talks with the US. 
He has as.much experience of the 
arms control debate as anyone in 
the Soviet foreign policy establish- 
ment, and it was he who took the 
now legendary “walk in the 
woods” with US ambassador Paul 
Nitze that brought the previous set 
of Geneva talks — on intermedi- 
ate-range nuclear missiles — so 
close to success. 

As well as speaking fluent 
English, Kvitsinsky has the 
familiarity with Western ways and 
the sure public relations touch that 
Gorbachov requires of Soviet 
representatives abroad. He also 
has experience of West Germany, 
have been second secretary at the 
Bonn embassy during the 1960s 
and subsequently specializing in 
East-West German affairs at the 
foreign ministry in Moscow. 

The importance of Bonn as the 
potential battleground for West 
European opinion was identified 
by the US a year ago when the 
young, energetic and highly politi- 
cal Richard Bun was posted there. 
Kvitskinsky's would hold out the 
prospect of an epic duel between 
Moscow and Washington for the 
hearts and minds of West Ger- 
mans in the run-up to the German 
elections early next year. 

The Gorbachov appointments, 
for that is what they are, suggest 
the contours of a coherent foreign 
policy still in the making. Its 
priority will be to cultivate the 
superpower relationship while at 
the same time pursuing with 
renewed energy foe traditional 
Soviet objective of weaning West- 
ern Europe from foe Atlantic 
alliance. But this policy also 
contains a fallback position in foe 
parallel attention that is being 
paid to China. If judged sen- 
sitively enough, an improvement 
in relations with China could help 
release Moscow from foe tyranny 
of the superpower relationship. 

After more than 50 years of murky 
adventures. Goya's The Marquesa 
de Santa Cruz is returning to 
Spain. Why did the protracted 
battle for a young Andalusian 
noblewoman- lying on a day bed 
and representing the muse Euterpe 
become so important? 

The painting depicts the de- 
licious young marquesa lying, 
with vine leaves in her hair, on a 
crimson day bed with a lyre in her 
hand. She was a notorious figure 
at the Spanish court for her 
patronage of young toreadors and 
her vuiupluous little figure cer- 
tainly does not speak of virtue. 

In the 1940s General Franco 
hoped to give foe painting to 
Hitler as a very special gift. The 
lyre held by foe marquesa is 
decorated with a Greek pattern 
that looks very much like a 
swastika, which would have made 
it a peculiarly suitable gift for foe 
German leader. It was at this time 
that Sen or Valdes, a nationalist 
sympathiser, bought foe painting, 
but found it so alluring that he was 1 
not prepared to part with it. so the 
picture never got to Germany. 

Yesterday, Senor Javier Solan a. 
the Spanish culture minister, said 
that the outcome represented “a 
decisive action to protect Spain's 
an heritage and that of other 
countries which are faced by 
speculative pressures in foe art 

And so to bed for 
the Marquesa 

world, not always respecting 
countries’ internal laws”. He 
claimed that Spain was now a 
world leader in the protection of 
national art treasures and pointed 
out that the return of foe Goya was 
the last such move under the old 
law. Under a stricter law. which 
came into effect last year, anyone 
convicted of illegally exporting a 
classified work of art can be fined 
up to four times the object's 

British newspaper reports at foe 
beginning of the year alerted foe 
Spanish authorities to foe planned 
Christies auction of foe Goya. 
Lord Wimborae bought the paint- 
ing last year from Pedro Saorin 
Bosch, a businessman who had 
obtained export licences in Spain, 
documents which Lord Wim- 
borne's lawyers have maintained 
were in order. 

The export documents are on 
official forms and carry the stamps 
and signatures of Spanish ministry 
officials. It is still unclear how 
these documents were put together 
and by whom. They may have 
been forgeries or the officials may 

have been suborned. It is dear, 
however, that foe export applica- 
tion did not pass through all the 
proper channels in Spain. 

The Spanish goverment con- 
tested their legality and m March 

won a High Court ruling clearing 
the way for secret negotiations. 
These concluded with a $6 million 
“indemnity', to be paid by Spain 
to Lord Wim borne as compensa- 
tion for the return of foe painting. 

The shadow of Spain’s Civil 
War. when all lands of evasive 
action was taken to protect art 
treasure, lies across the 
Marquesa 's wanderings. Accord- 
ing to some accounts her present 
stay in London, soon to end, is in 
fact a second visit In a variation 
on the theme of its being intended 
as a gift for Hitler, the accounts 
have the painting being purchased 
by representatives of General 
Franco. Once again, however, the 
Marquesa remained in Spain, foe 
property of the Spanish state. 

Later that decade the then 
director of the Prado pronounced 
foal foe painting “would add 
nothing” to the state collection 

and it was purchased by a Bilbao 
banker. In 1983 the painting was 
sold by the banker's heirs .to 
Bosch, reportedly for 25 million 
pesetas. But on foe disputed 
export document foe painting's 
value is given as 165 million 
pesetas - about £750.000. 

The heirs' motive in selling was 
said to have been to meet de- 
mands made on the family by 
ETA, the Basque armed separatist 
organization, to pay its “revolu- 
tionary tax". . . 

The painting’s second odyssey 
then began. It was smuggled out of 
Spain either on board a private 
yacht or, officials have main- 
tained, as cargo on an air flight to 

The Spanish authorities turned 
down an offer from Lord 
Wjmborne’s lawyers to buy the 
painting back for $12 million. 
Even foe agreed figure of $6 mil- 
lion is far more than what other 
Goyas can make on Spain's 
domestic an market In fen, the 
sum is not far short of foe Spanish 
state's entire annual art ac- 
quisition budget In this case, 
however, private donors and foe 
Madrid local authorities will put 
up almost half foe money. 

Richard Wise and 

Geraldine Norman 

Hew Strachan 

is not enough 

Since foe Second World War, 
military thought has tended not to 
create its own demands of science 
but to absorb whatever science has 
produced. Procurement has there- 
fore seemed eclectic: rather than 
developing weapons systems that 
conformed to an overall tacticalor 
strategic policy, defence ministries 

have over-insured by pursuing as 

many- future technologies as pos- 
sible. It has become a truism to say 
that military doctrine is foe prod- 
uct rather than the parent of 
technology. . . 

This is best demonstrated in the 
field of nuclear weapons. The 
Manhattan project was not the 
fruit of deterrence theory: rather, 
foe atomic bomb was developed 
by nudear physicists driven by the 
fear that Germany might get the 
bomb first. With some notable 
exceptions, no serious attempt 
was made to integrate foe bomb's 
awseome destructive powers into 
a strategy until almost a decade 

after foe attacks on Hiroshima and 
Nagasaki The concepts that deter- 
mined today’s view of nuclear 
deterrence were first adumbrated 
and then refined after foe advent 
of the hydrogen bomb and the 
missile used, to deliver iL 

President Reagan's “Star Wars” 
speech of March 23 1983 was a 
dramatic departure from this pro- 
cess. Critics of American arms 
policy have contended that too 
many technological innovations, 
such as MIRV-cd warheads in foe 
1970s, have been adopted after - 
insufficient debate, that their full 
implications were not realized 
until they had entered the in- 
ventories of foe superpowers.- In 
foe case of Star Wars, foe objective 
was announced and foe debate 
initiated before foe technology 
was available. 

However, Reagan's speech did 
not, as he had hoped, capture the 
high ground of the nudear debate. 
For a year, the response of foe 
strategic studies experts ranged 
from ridicule to silence. In 1986, 
when we all give SDI consid- 
eration. organize conferences on 
its implications and respond to 
press debate, we forget the at- 
mosphere of 1983. Reagan's 
speech was ignored. To take it 
seriously was to invite scorn; not 
even his own administration fol- 
lowed it up. Until foe summer of 
1984 it seemed that. Star. Wars 
might be quickly forgotten. 

What caused foe delayed re- 
sponse? Strategic thought on both 
sides of die Atlantic is . still 
dominated by foe ideas of the late 
1950s. Their authors or their- 
authors’ pupils hold major po- 
sitions in government and: aca- 
demic life. Foi^th^se men, wharis- 
striking about foe nudear age fa its 
continuity. Professor Laurence . 
Martin, the 1981 Reith Lectnrer, 
has even attributed to nuclear 
weapons “the decelaratibn of 
history”. For such thinkers the 
tenets of deterrence have re- 
mained constant,, despite all the 
technological innovations in nu- 
dear weaponry since 1945. Indeed 
the nudear weapons systems 
planned for the 1990s — Trident 

and MX -are presented as up- 
dating the missiles already de- 
ployed. not as radically new 
technology. " 

Doctrine in foe past may hap, 
been confined to post-hoc .ration* 
aJizauon, whether for foe first, 
atomic bombs or even for foe' 
Polaris and MiMiieraan ririsofer 
of the McNamara era, but fod’ 
same rationalization is now being' 
used to justifyttefiiturepattttnitCEfi 

procurement. : 

To most strategic analysfa,- 
therefbre. Reagan's speech was. 
profoundly threatening. It posited; 
a. different doctrine: rather than; 
deterrence by the threat of retaliv 
ati p n. it offered a vision of secufo- 
defence. Above aH, ait American* 
president bad actaowledfeed. both- 
the logical and moral weakness at 
deterrence — that its credt&ffitjL 
rested on a principle of rev eng 
a country already devast at e d 

nuclear strike. 

Of the many ironies that foe 
reaction to Reagan’s speech pro*. 
duced, three stand oul The first fa. 
that it was rejected as escalating 
the arms race by those to. whonq, 
pre sumab ly- it -was meant to. 
appeal: unilateral disanners in fife 
US and Europe. The second fa* 
that, although much criticism has* 
focused on the technological diffi* 
cutties, its 'principal opponents 
have included those concerned, 
with the evolution (and even 
primacy) of strategic doctrine The, 
third is a product of foe second 
and explains the current (and* 
otherwise paradoxical) interest in 1 . 
studying SDL Given.the afasurditfk 
of refusing to think through a line* 
of technological development bo-r 
cause it does not fit preconceived-, 
notions, military thinkers have 
been forced to assimihse some oC 
foe Star Wars message. 

In his speech Reagan ignored 
the current and short-term strate- - 
gic issues, preferring to sketch a - 
distant but attractive goal: for 
immediate political effect There,-.: 
fore foe options open to an-* 
alysxs — on issues ranging front, 
aims control to foe US guarantee • 
to Euro pe — are considerable. It is ; 
abeadg dear that most of the 
strategic community, has dreum- 
vented foe doctrinal, challenge by 
assimilating SDI into current nu- 

rfy -ai* i »i>ry th inking ' 

The message is that nothing wiP- 
chaise. SDI w2t not give AmeiV 
can cities security; the technology 
will never be foolproof and the 
cost would be prohibitive: At best 
it wiU'pratect American military 
installations from Soviet missiles,'' 
so guaranteeing America’s second- ' 
strike capability and its ability to- 
fight a SHStamed European war.~ 
Instead of undermining deter- 
rence, StarWars will reinforce it. _ 

Reagan stands alone in his view r 
that SDI will one day invalidate ' 
the retaliatory -basis of nudear-* 
deterrence^ Despite foe extraor-^ 
dinary pare of technological” 
innovation, and its recurrent chal- 
lenges to strategic thought, the 
unproven hypothesis of deter-., 
rence doctrine remain in place. , 
The author is a fellow of Corpus . 
Christi College, Cambric 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

England’s wide 
boy star 

The West Indies Test series has 
not been a total disaster for 
England. One member of our side 

has scored consistently well .in 

every innings, and once was even 
top scorer. Yes, it’s that de- 
pendable but unsung hero. Extras. 
Yesterday, as he lolled beside foe 
hotel pool getting ready for foe 
fifth and final Test, I talked to 
little Johnny Extras about foe 
sheer grit and professionalism that 

has made bim England's only real 

success of the tour. 

It was, 1 discovered to : my 
surprise, the first interview he has 
ever given. Why was h, I askwfl 
him, that when some members of 
the England side could not go to 
foe bathroom without a journalist 
in attendance, he was given com- 
plete privacy by foe press? 

“Well Brian”, Extras told me, 
“I think it’s only naturaL I go in 
number 12, which is very low in 

the batting order, so people. don’t 

think of me as a glamorous player. 
Add to that the fact that I never 

score sixes, and very rarely fours, 

and you can see why people ignore 
me. But that's fine by me, as -it 
takes foe pressure off I can get on 
with foe job of accumulating a 
respectable score. 

“For i ns tance, in foe second 
innings of foe fourth Test, it was 

put about that Ian Botham had 

staged a mini-revival by hitting 

the top score of 25. Now, I made 

28, but nobody seemed to notice. 
Well, that’s fair enough by me; Ian 
needs a pat on foe -back and I 
would be foe last to step into die 
limelight. It’s just odd, as you say, 
that no one seems to notice. 
Maybe if they did, Td lose my 
scoring streakr 

As far as he can remember, 
Johnny Extras has never scored- a 
duck in a career which has teen 
him playing for every county in 
England. He always does well 
enough to get picked for the side, 
but never plays the really big 
innings that might get him pro- 
moted in the batting order. A very 
private person, he is never seen at 
team parties and press calls or 
indeed, in team photos. Is he 
neurotic about his privacy? 

“Not particularly, Brian, I just 
don't like mixing with people very 
much. Cricketers are a very 
gregarious lot. always playing golf 
or tennis together, or going off into 

the bushes for a smoke, but Td 

prefer to curl up with a good book 

or look at a cathedral. At fofr 

moment, for instance^ f m reading 

Proust In French. I don’t under- 

stand a lot of it, but it keeps foe, 
team at a distance." - 

Never a slogger. Extras- prefeif; 

to accumulate runs in ones and' 
twos, allowing the bowlers to 
make the mistakes. For thfa 
■ reason, he is one. of. the few' 
modem batsmen who prefer to 
facefast bowling rather than spin, r, 
“Stands to reason; Brian. Fast 
bowlers make more mistakes. T 
agree that this lot of West Indian 
speed merchants are pretty^ fear- 
some, but they do bowl wfldly- 
from time to time, and foatVthe' 

moment to -scamper a bye: or na 
balL I'm not a great believer fa; 
putting bat to ball — in fact, lean 1 ! 
remember the last time I did so — 

but when you realizetbat most 

batsmen are out through trying to 
hit the ban, well, it makes tense., 
Sow and steady is. my ‘motto? 
Proust’s too,- from foe look of it’*; 

His . pr epa r ati ons, for the final 
Test, aptet from lolling by foe pqoL 
with Proust have included yogi' 
and m e dit a t ion, as he believes that 
utter relaxation, is the key to his^ 
style of batting. He Is quietly 
confident about the result; hs* 
thinks England trill lose. . ; :l 
. “One never likes to say thr one: 
is better than other peopte^Brfai&t 

but Z have to point out that if.' 

everyone had scoretL28 in that last* 
innings we would have made 336;’ 
instead of 1'50. My advice- to 
team-mates is: make 1 more than 

Johnny Extras, and yoU'Can beaf. 

anyone.” ■ f .=.:>> 

• No breath of scandal has^yefr 
attached itself id Extras, whether .; 

it’s to do with sex, drags or simply < 

not trying hard enough. However, . 
his name does regularly decor on ; 

South African score-sheets, and I 

put it to him that- his. appearance 

into the sorter taoubieifraham ; 
Gooch has experienced,-' -- 
“No way, Brian”, smiled^. 
Johnny. “That's ray' distaiSv 
cousin, Pieter van der Extras.” 

A modest, likeable, totallydefo- 
cated man, Johnny Extras — and 
the only cricketer who has never : 
demanded a fee for being inter-' 
viewed. A man all young cricket- 
ers can look up to. 






. * •* 

WLjbyu.nunie attack with 
sffikes against Libyan ships 

*S£T*T* o'issile install 
tions, the American retaliation 
was criticised on TeveS 
It was argued that 
J^aieiaon against Colonel 
Gadaffy was reckless since it 
would only provoke retali- 
ation m turn; that it would 
r^y support for the Ubyan 
leader both domestically and 
from, other Arab states; and 
that military action against 
terrorism would prove futile as 
long as the United States failed 
to tackle its root cause by 
jK^mg the Palestinian prob- 

: These arguments seemed 
specious at the time. The first 
amounts to asserting that if 
somebody attacks you, it 
would be reckless to respond 
in case somebody attacks you. 
Since that attitude, if trans- 
lated -into policy, would re- 
move all risk from terrorism 
and aggression, it would invite 
more of both. 

The claim that American 
retaliation would make Colo- 
nel Gadaffy a pop ular Arab 
hero was insulting to the 
Arabs. It suggested that they 
live in a world of make-believe 
and braggadocio and cannot 
distinguish ignominious 
posturing and defeat from 
heroic resistance. . 

No s t a t e, finally, let alone a 
superpower with world-wide 
interests, could accept that it 
had no right -to protect its 
citizens and property against 
attack until it had solved* a 
notoriously intractable prob- 
lem for which it had no direct 

Events since-the dash in the 
G “lf of Sine have generally 
endorsed this scepticism. Arab 
support for the Libyans was 
distinctly pro forma. Reports 
from Libya itself, contradict- 
mg_ the impression from tele- 
vision news pictures of anti- 
American mass hysteria, 
describe a generally mild re- 

The Colonel himself, 
departing* from his usual prac- 
tice of praising those few 
terrorist acts few which he does 
not also claim responsibility, 
denounced the bombing of the 
Rome-Athens TWA airliner as 
inhuman and has now firmly 
denied _ any Libyan involve- 
ment in the bombing of a 
Berlin night-dub. He at least is 
showing nervousness in die 
face of possible retaliation 
even if others remain intransi- 
gent on his behalf 

This gain would be very 
theoretical, however, if the 
Libyan leader continued to 
support terrorism while deny- 
ing the fact That was, in effect, 
the charge levelled by Presi- 
dent Reagan in his Wednesday 
press conference when he 
claimed that Colonel Gadaffy 
was “definitely a suspect” in 
both the Berlin and TWA 
bombings. The President’s re- 
marks, accompanied as they 
were by a US naval bu3d-up 
near the Libyan coast, have 
prompted speculation that an- 
other retaliatory strike is in the 
offing. As a result, fresh criti- 
cisms of the idea of retaliation 
have been minted. 

The first is that Libya is not 
alone . in fostering terrorist 
activity. Syria and Iran are at 
least equally implicated. In- 
sofar as that is true — which is 

to a considerable extent — it is 
an argument rather for retaliat- 
ing against Syria and Iran than 
for exculpating Libya. 

But a right to retaliate 
against a terrorist state is not 
an absolute obligation to do so. 
In the case of Syria, for 
instance, prudence and real- 
politik have combined to per- 
suade the United States that 
more would be lost than 
gained by military action. 
Syria is, in military terms, a 
hard nut to crack. It is closely 
aligned with the Soviet Union. 
And the State Department 
cherishes hopes that Syria may 
yet play a constructive role in 
the Arab-lsraeti dispute. 

The second objection is that 
the evidence linking Libya to 
the recent bombings is in- 
conclusive. That is a reason- 
able defence against a charge 
in a court of law. But a 
different standard of proof 
applies between states in con- 

Terrorist training camps are 
stationed in Libya. Colonel 
Gadaffy has often proclaimed 
his involvement in terrorist 
actions, which are in effect acts 
of war, against the United 
States. Those boasts are sup- 
ported by circumstantial ev- 
idence of Libyan involvement 
It is against that background 
that his present denials should 
be judged. To demand that the 
United States should present 
detailed evidence of Libyan 
involvement in what happens 
to be the most recent atrocity if 
it is to justify retaliation 
against an inveterate enemy is 
to extend international law 
unreasonably in a way that can 
only benefit those states which 
ignore it altogether. — - - 


Last night Mr Nigel Lawson 
e^oyed the opportunity to tell 
Nw York of the revival of the 
British economy.' Next week 
he faces a more uncomfortable 
test The monetary side of his 
strategy was expurgated from 
his Budget speech, on the 
excuse that MPs had in the 
past displayed some .im- 
patience with Mr ESwsdffs' 
Budget-day excursions down 
the motorways of monetary 
policy. Rashly, Mr Lawson 
promised all would be ex- 
plained in ApriL 

Since the Budget, the finan- 
cial markets have endorsed 
two reductions in bank base 
rates. The pound has remained 
steady; the ripples from falling 
o£ prices have subsided. Mr 
Lawson can, and does, extract 
great satisfaction from having 
weathered the storm with only 
one temporary increase in 
interest rates, and without 
having had to beg for member- 
ship of the Organisation of Oil- 
Exporting Countries. 

None of this, however, can 
obscure Mr Lawson's mone- 
tary difficulty. On Wednesday, 
just after the second cut in 
bank base rates had been 
endorsed by. the Bank of 
England, the monthly money 
figures showed the narrowest 
measure of money was well 
^thin target. But broad 
mbney - Sterling M3 — was 
running over the top of its 
range, which the Chancellor 
had jacked right up only in last 
month’s Budget- Yesterday, 
Mr Lawson said that there was 
scope for a further worldwide 
cut in interest rates. 

Targets for Sterling M3 are 
die oldest of the Governments 
monetary disciplines. As this 
measure of the money supply 
has become increasingly dis- 

torted by financial innovation, 
the Chancellor has shoved 
Sterling M3 into an old folk's 
home, though he cannot quite 
bring himself to commit 
euthanasia. The behaviour of 
broad money does not make 
easier Mr Lawson’s- task, 
which -is to .demonstrate that • 
felling:interest rates are a sign 
of economic success, arid not 
of a failure of financial control. 

Lower oil prices, easing 
shorter-term inflationary pres- 
sures worldwide, help to jus- 
tify the cuts in interest rates 
rippling through the world’s 
economies. This is a welcome 
development, • from which 
Britain should seek to extract 
its share of benefit. While the 
worst of the oil tempest threat- 
ened sterling, Britain had to 
widen; the gap . between its 
interest rates and those 
abroad; now it can safely seek 
to narrow this gap. Provided, 
that is, Mr Lawson can con- 
vince the markets that the 
foundations of his counter- 
inflationary strategy remain 

FundeznentaJly, the guar- 
antee of good intentions is the 
nemesis that would await this 
Government were it to lose 
grip on inflation. Inflation is, 
as Mr Lawson claims, “judge 
and .jury” of his monetary 
strategy. The difficulty, as his 
critics have pointed out, is that 
it takes a long time to deliver 
its verdict. 

Mr Lawson’s latest favoured 
indicator is nominal national 
income “money gdp”. This 
does, indeed, bear a dear 
relationship to inflation. But 
money gdp cannot be mon- 
itored from day to day, or even 
month to month. It, too, offers 
judgment - but not the preven- 
tion of crime. 

As a short-term alarm sig- 
nals, the Chancellor favours 
narrow money — MO — but 
only as one among a battery of 
indicators. This enhances, 
rather than distracts, from the 
role of the exchange rate. It is 
with respeetto the pound that 
the Chancellor has greatest 
need to clarify policy.. * 

. It has become clear that a 
funderaental rule of monetary 
policy today ix a bias against 
rapid movement in the ex- 
change rate. Earlier this year, it 
appeared that the Chancellor 
might be changing tack, when 
he allowed the exchange rate to 
weaken rather than endorse a 
second rise in interest rates. 
Hindsight shows this to have 
been a gamble with the mar- 
kets; a judgment that the 
pound would steady of its own 

This was a gamble that paid 
off and revived Mr Lawson’s 
reputation in the markets. But 
it left open another question: 
the extent to which, over time, 
the Chancellor was prepared to 
see the pound decline in order 
to improve British compet- 
itiveness. In the special 
circumstances of the beginning 
of this year, such a decline was 
a necessary correction to the 
changing price of oil. Calcula- 
tions by the Bank of England 
suggest that almost exactly the 
right degree of correction has 
now taken place. Mr Lawson 
needs to make clear that he is 
not prepared to contenance the 
kind of persistent depreciation 
that will compensate industry 
for its failure to control costs. 
That way lies the primrose 
path to counter-inflationary 
failure — one that felling oil 
and commodity prices can 
only temporarily disguise. 


, A flash of temper from the 
prime minister, goaded be- 
vond endurance by the oppo- 
sition, the brief suspension ot 
proceedings and a walk-out by 
the Communists — in protest 
against the extreme right - 
combined to make the first test 
of parliamentary confidence in 
the new French government oi 
M. Jacques Chirac a lively 
affair. But he won his major- 
ity, if only just, with an 
minute speech to the National 
Assembly which was notable 
ftr its moderation and his own 

That is just as well because 

the announcement byPrea- 

dent Mitterrand at the Cabinet 
meeting in the Elysje palace 
only several hours before. that 
he would oppose part of the 
prime minister's privation 
programme, held out the 
promise of hard umesahrad 
for both men - P 0 *^! 

fA France. "Cohab, tension 
Lc Matin eaJled it, as 
yesterday's French press di- 
vided along political lines m 
assessing the outcome of an 

eV What IS surprised even 

government supporters has 
been the scope of the new 
government’s de-nationaliza- 
tion . programme — with 42 
banks and financial houses, U 
industrial groupings and four 
insurance companies due to be 
privatized by decree over the 
next five years. In the fece of 
that. President Mitterrand’s 
reaction has been, politically, 
quite inspired. A number of 
the firms and groups involved 
had been brought under state 
control by the then General de 
Gaulle following the liberation 
ofFrance in 1944, others by the 
Socialists since their election 
victory five years ago. By 
making his stand against 
privatization o f the former, the 
President has in effect told 
Chirac that “you don’t de- 
nationalize de Gaulle.” 

How far he can succeed in 
embarrassing his premier- re- 
mains to be seen. Chirac could 
circumvent the presidential 
obstacle by introducing his 
measures to parliament and 
seeking a vote of confidence. 
But this would cause delays 
and difficulties and perhaps 
necessitate/ political com- 

promise. Yet for him to back 
down in the face of 
Mitterrand's continuing 
instransigence would damage 
his own authority and political 
image. It is simply going to be 
tough at the top - as everyone 
knew it would be. 

Of those measures which are 
new, the government’s strong 
stance against terrorism is 
provoking most controversy. 
The introduction of special 
courts and a ruling that police 
can hold suspects for up to 
four days without trial reflect 
rising concern about terrorism 
throughout Western countries. 

Whether the adoption of a 
30-year prison sentence will 
deter the determined terrorist 
is another matter. It would 
seem unlikely. But it is argu- 
ably important for its symbolic 
value. The message which has 
come from Paris is that the 
Chirac administration is to 
pursue a determined anti- 
terrorist course — in close 
conjunction, it is to be hoped, 
with other Wesieru powers on 
both sides of the Atlantic. 


Attitudes to US 
take-over bids 

From Mr H. Morrogh. FRS, FEng 
Sir, The chairmen of BAT, 
Unilever and BP. in their letter of 
March 28. have done their jobs as 
required of them as repre- 
sentatives of companies with ma- 
jor investment interests in the US. 
However, to call the opposition to 
Genera! Motors' acquisition of 
Leyland Tracks and Land Rover 
“anti-American” shows lamen- 
table lack of understanding of the 
cause of this opposition. 

It is noteworthy - that they 
omitted reference to the similar 
rejection of the proposal of Ford 
with respect to Austin Rover. The 
opposition would have been the 
same if the proposals had been 
from Japan. France or Germany. 
So much for “anti- American ism”. 

Freedom to invest in all direc- 
tions is fine if practised by all 
without sanction and restriction. 
However, if 80 per cent or more of 
the automotive industries of the 
USA or Japan, or prance or West 
Germany were under foreign con- 
trol what do they think the 
attitudes of the governments of 
these countries would have been 
to the take-over of almost the total 
of the remainder by foreign in- 
terests? ... 

An economy of the size of the 
UK needs a strong automotive 
industry because its products are 
widely used domestically, it has 
important export potential and for 
strategic reasons. It needs to be 
efficient in production and 
marketing. It should be capable of 
being judged on these lazier as- 

In this country such compet- 
itive comparison is possible — by 
virtual unrestricted (but some- 
times unfair) imports and by the 
existence of three (soon to be four) 
large foreign-owned producers in 
the UK — Ford, GM and Peugeot 
and shortly Nissan. The task u to 

get BL to achieve satisfactory 
.marketing -. and . production eh . 
ficiency. Perhaps this will require 
international co-operation — as 
between - -BL -and - Honda -and- 
perhaps with US companies — but 
not the complete take-over. 

The claim from Government is 
that such lake-oven will save jobs. 
This is perhaps true in the 
assembly plants but who doubts 
that there would be more than a 
compensating loss of jobs in the 
component supply industries. 
From where do Ford, GM and 
Peugot obtaurall the canrthey sell 
and components they use in the 
UK? ■ ; .... . . „ 

-JVhh. so tpuch^of our auto- 
motive requirements in the. OK", 
already imported of manufac tured . 
in part overseas and under foreign 1 
control a reasonable industrial 
strategy, would retain and 
encourage' a strong UK-based 
industry. This is not “anti- 

Yours faithfully, 



Penn Lane, 




Cereal prices 

From Mr Robert Saunders 
Sir, The table you . publish 
(March 28) shows that the 
exported 7,330,000 tonnes of cere- 
als u> the Soviet Union to a value 
of £785 million. If my pocket 
calculator is functioning correctly, 
this works out to a little over £107 
per tonne. 

This “knock-down” price is 
around the average price received 
by British cereal producers for 
feed grain. Yet Mr Michael 
Jopling wants to knock down this 
price still further, with all the 
consequences this would have for 
our rural economy. • 

His pretext for doing so is the 
size of the “cereal moan tain”, 
which you give as 15.3 million 
tonnes. I understand that the 
EEGs imports of cereals and 
cereal substitutes are annually in 
excess of this figure. 

Should not those concerned 
with the “cereal mountain” turn 
their attention to these imports 
rather than .to our own produc- 
tion? Not to do so is rather like the 
housewife who buys her veg- 
etables from the greengrocer when 
she has a well stocked kitchen 
n and an over full deep 

Yours faithfully, 


E F. Saunders & Sons Ltd, 
Friar Mayne Farm. 
Broadmayne. . . . 

Dorchester, - 
Much 28. 

‘Single guess’ on poly spending 

From Mr Max Weaver 
Sir. It is difficult to know how to 
react to Sir Keith's dismissal 
(April 9) of your front page report 
(April 8) that places in poly- 
technics are to be cut by 9.500 in 
1987/88. Are we. in the poly- 
technics, now to ignore the letters 
from the National Advisory Board 
secretariat and to assume that 
changes will occur primarily in the 
unit of resource? That would be to 
assume that John Be van and his 
able colleagues have done nothing 
more than produce an enormous 
Kid herring. 

The NAB is not so insulated 
from the DES that this conclusion 
is at aD plausible, and it is frankly 
preposterous for Sir Keith to 
pretend that there has been only a 
“angle guess” at the total amount 
of money that will be available in 
the academic year which starts in 
18 months' time and in respect of 
which students will be applying 
before Christmas for places. The 
NAB is relying, reasonably, on 
Government spending plans. The 
prospect of cuts in our own 
subject, law, seems both real and 
ridiculous; real because the NAB 
has. despite our counter argu- 
ments and strong representation 
from the professions, only been 
able to offer what it euphemis- 
tically describes as the “lowest 
degree of protection'* viz. a 17 per 
cent cut; ridiculous because the 
pressure for places from well 
qualified applicants is very great 
indeed and the professions with 
which we are particularly con- 
cerned see no case for a reduction. 

If I could cite, by way of 
example, the position at my own 
polytechnic, City, we offer — in 
addition to LLB and MA courses 
in business law and a substantial 
law programme on our modular 
degree, all of which are popular 
and viable courses on any view of 
the economics of higher education 
— courses leading to the common 
professional examination for non- 
law graduates intending to become 
solicitors (for which we areJimited' 
to 30 students per year and receive 
_well over 20 applications for every 
available place) and for the 
solicitors' finals. 

In the latter case we operate a 
“first come, first served” policy 
and are now fully booked until 
1989, with very substantial wait- 
ing lists. I could certainly teach 
more students in the lime I now 
devote each week to explaining 
this unfortunate situation to well 
qualified graduates determined on . 
a career as a solicitor. 

Yours faithfully, 



Committee of Heads of Poly- 
technic Law Schools. 

City of London Polytechnic, 

84 Mooigate, EC2. 

April 9. 

From the National Secretary of the 
Association of Polytechnic Teach- 

Sir. The axing of 9.500 places in 
polytechnics and similar colleges 
is only the culmination of a senes 
of policy decisions which have 
logically and systematically under-, 
mined public sector higher educa- 
tion in England. 

Ever since its formation in 
1981, the National Advisory Body 
for local authority (and, later, 
public sector) higher education 
has pursued a programme of 
increasing student numbers in 
polytechnics and similar colleges 
while systematically reducing the 
resources available for them. So 
successful has been this policy that 
the Government are able, rightly, 
to claim that they have provided 
places for more students in higher 
education than ever before while 
at the same time maintaining 
standards of scholarship in the 

Supported by the local authori- 
ties, by the union representatives 
of further education colleges and 
some principals of colleges, the 
NAB took the “moral” stand that 
it was more important to find 
places for students than to concern 
themselves with standards. Aided 
by their officers, by the HM1 and 
in a brief moment of aberration by . 
the Council for National Aca- 
demic Awards, the majority on 
NAB managed to convince them- 
selves that resources — books, 
computers, equipment, lab- 
oratories, lecturers — were not 
needed in order to assure stan- 
dards in polytechnics (only in 

Persuaded by their own prin- 
ciples, they convince themselves 
that, if they took more students, 
the Government would, ipso facto, 
give them more money. What 
happened, predictably, was that, 
when the Government decided to 
give more money (the “switch” 
money) for science and technol- 
ogy. they directed it to just those 
institutions, the universities, 
which had (Hit -standards of pro- 
vision before numbers of students. 

Those bodies, such as the 
Association of Polytechnic Teach- 
ers. who challenged the policy of 
increasing access while dissipating 
resources, were branded as 
“elitist” and debarred from the 
counsels of NAB. We have no joy 
in being proved right: our mem- 
bers will suffer along with all staff 
who face loss of their jobs or 
further stress. 

Yours faithfully. . 

National Secretary. 

Association of Polytechnic, . 

Throgmorton House. 

27 Hphinstone Road, 

South sea. Hampshire. 

Trial by jury 

From Mr Charles Fyffe 
Sir. Mr J. T. Gladysz (April 4) 
offers reasons for abolishing juries 
that seem, at best, dubitable. 
There is still a need for impartial- 
ity. Judges, like the rest of us, are 
still not entirely free of political, 
and other, pressures. 

If “ordinary citizens are unable 
to understand a modern trial” we 
must change the legal system. 
Trials are not a game of “nuances 
and legal technicalities” to be 

played exclusively by judges and 
barristers. Defendants and wit- 
nesses are ordinary citizens too. 

Does Mr Gladysz want a return 
to the Court of Chancery of Bleak 
Housdl Juries are principally to 
warn our rulers (and, sometimes, 
judges), however little they may 
like it, how far they can go in 
deciding what is. and is not, 
criminal. It’s a protection we still 

Yours faithfully. 


52 Holmdafe Road. NW6 

Way of Wren 

From Mr George Curtis 
Sir, Mr Manser (April 7) has the 
temerity to claim that Sir Chris- 
topher Wren would deal with the 
fire damage to his own building at 
Hampton Court by pulling it 
down, which it doesn’t need, and 
replacing it as new, not with a 
replica of his original work but 
with some new edifice, by implica- 
tion, in a wholly alien style. 

Tbe juxtaposition or ancient 
and modem would doubtless be 
hailed as “exciting”. The notion 
that Wren was too vain to copy 
himself, let alone anybody else, 
demonstrates a fairly sizeable 
ignorance of his handiwork. 

What little has been burnt out, 
and that it is so little is a 
tremendous compliment to the 
firefighters, is easily replaceable, 
as it was. by architects and 
craftsmen at work in this country 
today. Tbe building, so repaired 
will be an excellent example of 
20th century workmanship to the 
highest standards. If it is indistin- 
guishable from the original what 
higher compliment could be paid? 
Yours faithfully. 


Dalebrook House. 




April 7. 

Alternative prayers 

From Mrs Maurice Wood 
Sir, 1 read with interest the letter 
from Professor Basil Mitchell and 
others (March 28) suggesting that 
“the problems of the modem 
world ” should lead many An- 
glicans to use again the Book of 
Common Prayer and draw on its 
deep spiritual resources. ' 

Her Majesty the Queen, mem- 
bers of her family, and her 
ministers are now continually in 
the target area as they steadily, 
with great courage, go about their, 
and our, business. What better 
time than this for the Church of 
England and Anglican churches 

across the world to use regularly 
the splendid and comprehensive 
State prayers of the old prayer 
book?Let the threat to Princess 
Anne last week prod us into 
encouraging our clergy to do this. 

For those who, like myself, 
scurry belatedly and longsightedly 
through the Alternative Service 
Book the State prayers can be 
found on page 103. A magnifying 
glass may be useful in discovering 
the number of the page! 

Yours etc, 


36 Biddulph Mansions. 

Biddulph Road, Maida Vale, W9. 
March 30. 

Threat to buses 

From Mr John Taylor 
Sir. In your thoughtful leading 
article, “Only one of London’s 
problems” (March 28). you say “It 
has never been clear (nor has the 
abolition exercise clarified) why 
Birmingham or Leeds should not 
run their own buses and fire 
service and police forces”. You are 
righL The basic technical consid- 
erations never were made plain to 
the public. 

As far as the buses are con- 
cerned the pas senger - transport 
executives (PTEs) were set up to 
cope with the travel problems in 
areas where a group of towns and 
cities have become interlinked by 
patterns of employment, housing, 
shopping, recreation, hospital 
catchment areas etc. 

Here in West Yorkshire the 
central 40 per dent of county area 
contains three quarters of tbe 

population and straddles the 
boundaries of alt the five district 
councils. The consequence is a 
complex mesh of travel demands 
to different centres. 

Through its operating arm. The 
Metro-N ationa l Transport Co 
Ltd. the PTE provides 48 inter- 
district links. Annually some 29 
million passenger journeys cross 
district council boundaries — 
equivalent to one third of the. 
county population every week- 
Sixty-seven per cent of passenger 
journeys within the county on 
PTE-supponcd rail services cross 
one or more district boundaries.’ 
Half a million people live in 
communities dependent upon 
cross-boundary services. 

The PTE has developed an 
integrated bus and rail network 
with a unified county-wide 
differential fere system on both 
buses and trains, instead of the 
former 1 8 individual scales, and 

yielding annually £17.65 million 
in social benefit and £3.64 million 
direct financial benefiL Five pri- 
vate enterprise bus operators take 
part in the scheme. 

Without the PTEs there would 
have been no Tyne and Wear 
Metro, no Merseyside Loop and 
Link, no light rapid transit plan 
for Greater Manchester or trolley- 
bus proposals for South and West 
Yorkshire. Schemes like these for 
superior, technically advanced 
passenger transport depend upon 
covering an area wider than just 
one district for their viability. 

All these excellem things are 
now at risk from .the 
Government's destructive and in- 
appropriate bus deregulation leg- 

Yours faithfully. 


10 South End Grove. 


Leeds. West Yorkshire. 

APRIL It 1881 

Alexander II (1818- 1881), known 
as the “Tsar Liberator", 
succeeded his father, Nicholas I, 
in 1855. He survived three attacks 
on his life, but on March 13 (new 
style) he was assassinated by 
members of the Nihilist 
organization, ironically on the day 
he had signed a decree preparing 
a commission for reforming the 
legislation. AU the defendants 
except Hermann, who was 
pregnant, were hanged on April 


St. Petersburg, April 10 . 

Yesterday morning the Procurer 
Muravkff began his speech for the 
Crown, which occupied, with one 
or two intervals, no less than five 
hours . . . 

After the interval at noon for 
lunch the Procurer began the 
second part of his case, by giving a 
detailed description of the lives, 
careers, and characteristics of the 
six accused. He sketched the course 
of Risakoff, who threw the fust 
bomb at (he Imperial carriage, 
from the time that he left ha borne, 
came to St. Petersburg, entered the 
School of Mines, fell into the 
revolutionary meshes, and finally 
became a willing tool of the arch- 
conspirator Jelaboff. In some sense 
the guilt of Risakoff was extenuat- 
ed by the emphasis which was laid 
upon Jelaboff s influence over him, 
an influence which Risakoff had 
himself acknowledged in court. 
Jelaboff was portrayed as a type of 
the ambitious Russian Revolution- 
ary leader, and great stress was laid 
upon the feet that the late prisoner 
Goldenberg had spoken of him by 
name as one of the most important 
as well as genial members of the 
Revolutionary party. His career in 
the ranks of this party had 
extended over ten years. The life of 
Sophie Perofefcqja was next ana- 
lyzed. and found every- 
thing that was womanly and 
attractive in her sex. although her 
position and connexion had given 
her every opportunity of receiving 
the best possible education that 
could be had. Leaving her home to 
propagate the ideas of her party in 
the national schools of the interior, 
she too became tbe blind executant 
of JelabofTs will and gave the 
signal for exploding both the mine 
under the Moscow Railway and the 
bomb on the Catherine Canal. 
Kibaichich. once a member of the 
Academy of Engineer*, was dis- 
posed of by a description of his 
chemical service to the party and of 
his revolutionary ideas for over 
throwing the existing state of 
society. Michailoff. as a simple, 
uneducated peasant and workman, 
was another instrument of 
Jelaboff, understanding little of the 
revolutionary and Socialistic ideas 
of his more intelligent companions, 
and devoting himself to set work- 
men at variance with their masters 
for the advantage of the revolution- 
ary cause. The case of the Jewess 
Helfmann was not dilated upon at 
any length. The prisoners Risakoff, 
Kibaichkh. and Jelaboff were men 
who discarded all moral and family 
ties and ail honest labour for the 
purpose of revolutionary agnation 
and political assassination, and the 
two women were equally devoid, il 
not more so. considering the aex. of 
all moral instinct and feeling . . . 

After a pause of an hour and a 
half, the four counsel for the 
defence began their speeches at 
half-past 7. each not taking up 
more than about a quarter of an 
hour. They all felt the difficulty of 
their task increased by the influ- 
ence over them of the terrible 
catastrophe of the 13th March, and 
made more or less feeble efforts to 
lighten the penalties in store for 
the prisoners. The counsel 1'or 
Michailoff maintained that as the 
latter had concerned himself solely 
with the economic coditions of the 
workmen, and not with the higher 
political ideas of the rest, he ought 
not to be classed with them, and 
pleaded for at least his life. The 
bait defence of all was made by M. 
Gerard for Kibaichich. He drew a 
picture of bow Kibaichich, like 
hundreds of others, had been 
thrown into his illegal and almost 
inextricable position by being sent 
from St. Petersburg after the 
murder of General Mesentzoff 
because he had once been in the 
hands of the authorities on the 
slight charge of distributing forbid- 
den books. The prisoner Jelaboff! 
defended himself, speaking with 
considerable force and boldness. 

... At about 2 o'clock the Court 
again retired, the prisoners being 
removed as before, and only at 7 
this morning, when it was quite 
daylight and the public, weary of j 
waiting, were dozing about the 
corridors of the court, did the eight 
judges re-enter and pronounce 
judgment. All standing, excepting 
the judges, the President read the 
sentence of death by hanging 
against all the prisoners. They 
received the sentence with perfect 
calmness as d indifference . . . 

Dressed as ham 

From Mr Geoffrey .4. K. Robinson 
Sir. Shopping in an unfamiliar 
greengrocer recently I noticed on 
the shelves packaged goods spe- 
cially prepared for vegetarians. 
What caught my eye was 
“Vegebanger” and “Vegeburger”. 
Vege banger in particular looked 
most appetising, if the illustration 
was anything to go by; Vegeburger 
looked virtually exactly like the 
conventional hamburger it was 
Obviously designed lo imitate. 

What puzzles me is why should 
vegetarians wish to doll their food 
up to look like the stuff carnivores, 
such as myself, prefer? Do they, 
underneath, suffer deeply from 
inferiority complexes? 

Yours faithfully. 


68 Park Street. 


























April 10; His Excellency the 
•Ambassador of the Union of 
Soviet Socialist Republics and 
Madame Popova. His Ex- 
cellency the High Commis- 
sioner for the Republic of 
Malawi and Mrs Mkona. the 
Secretary of State for the Home 
Department and the Hon Mr 
D ouglas Hurd, the Bishop of 
Liverpool and Mrs Sheppard, 
-the Lady Vaizey. Sir George and 
. Lady Jefferson, Professor and 
= Mrs William Wauon and Mr 
and Mrs Robin Herbert have 
.left the Castle. 

The President of the Republic 
of Kiribati and Mrs Tabai 
visited The Queen and The 
Duke of Edinburgh at Windsor 
.Castle and remained to 

- Mr and Mrs Charles Thomp- 
son had the honour of being 

The Queen this afternoon 
-visited St Peter’s Church, Old 
; Windsor where Her Majesty 
attended a Service of Thanks- 
giving and viewed the restora- 
■tion work in the church. 

The Queen was received by 
Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant 
for the Royal County of Berk- 
shire (Colonel the Hon Gordon 
Palmer) and the Vicar of St 
•Peter's (the Reverend J W 

Lady Abel Smith, the Right 
Hon Sir William Heseltine and 
Major Hugh Lindsay were in 

By command of The Queen. 

- the Viscount Davidson (Lord in 
Waiting) was present at Gatwick 
Airport. London this afternoon 

upon the arrival of His Ex- 
cellency U Ne Win and Ma- 
dame Ne Win of the Socialist 
Republic of the Union of Burma 
and welcomed them on behalf of 

Her Majesty. 

April 10: The Princess Anne. 
Mrs Marie Phillips, President of 
the British Olympic Associ- 
ation. this morning visited the 
Association's offices at I. 
Wandsworth Plain. London 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Chairman of the 
Association (Mr.Charles 
Palmer) and the Vice-Chairman 

(Sir Arthur Gold). - 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, Chancellor of the 
University of London, attended 
the naming of a Midland Region 
Electric Locomotive, as part of 
the University’s 150th Anniver- 
sary Celebrations, at Euston 


Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Mayor of Camden 
(Councillor J. FuJ brook) and the 
Chairman of British Rail (Sir 
Robert Reid). 

Miss Victoria Legge-Bourkc 
was in attendance. 

April 10: Queen Elisabeth The 
Queen Mother this morning 
visited the Headquarters of the 
Forces Help Society and Lord 
Roberts Workshops. 

Mrs. Patrick Campbell- Pres- 
ton and Major Sir Ralph 
Anstruther. Bt. were in 

Her Majesty was present this 
evening at the premiere of the 
film A Room with a View at the 
Curzon Cinema, given in aid of 
the National Trust 

Mrs Patrick Campbdl-Pres- 
ton and Sir Martin Gilliat were 
in attendance. 

April 10: The Princess of Wales 
this morning visited the Sea Life 
Centre. Southsea. Hampshire 
and afterwards opened the 
Fratton Community Associ- 
ation Community Centre, 
Trafalgar Place, 

Fratton, Portsmouth. 

In the afternoon Her Royal 
Highness. Patron. Birthright, 
presented the prizes for the 
Basingstoke and Winchester 
Branch of Birthright’s Easter 
Competition at Church Cottage, 
St. Michael's Church, 
Basingstoke, Hampshire. 

The Princess of Wales, at- 
tended by Miss Anne Beckwith- 
Smith and Lieutenant 
Commander Richard AylarxL 
RN. travelled in an aircraft of 
The Queen’s Flight. 

April 10: The Duke of Kent, 
Vice Chairman of the British 
Overseas Trade Board, today 
visited the Hanover Fair, West 

His Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Right, was attended by 
Captain Michael CampbeU- 

The Duchess of Kent today 
took the Lord High Admiral's 
Divisions at Britannia Royal 
Naval College, Dartmouth. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 

*s Flight, was attended by 

iss Sarah 


Sir Philip Hay 

The funeral service for Sir Philip 
Hay will be held at St Mary. 
Ecdeston, near Chester, at 12.15 
pm, on Tuesday. April 15. There 
will be no memorial service. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr DJ. Alexander 
and Miss K.MJVL Russell 
The engagement is announced 
between David, elder son of Mr 
and Mis Brian Alexander, of 
Fulbrook House, near BurfonL 

-Oxfordshire, and Kirsty, third 
late Mr 

daughter of the late Mr John 
Russell andiof Mrs Hope Rus- 
sell. of Soillerie, Irish, near 
IGngussie, Invemesshire. 
MrT.H-A. Alington * 
and Miss A. Bailey 
The engagement is announced 
between Tobias, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs Julian Alington. of 
Chester, and Amanda, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Timothy Bailey, 
of Haresfield, Gloucestershire. 
Mr T.R.C. Davb 
and Miss CM. Hasten 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, younger son 
of Professor and Mrs R.H.C. 
Davis, of Oxford, and Carole, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
-K.R. Haslam. of G osfort h, N ew-- 
castle upon Tyne. 

;Mr.JJ*. Dunn 
and Miss C.E. Elmore 
The engagement Is announced 
-between Jonathan, eldest son of 
-Mr and Mrs S.L. Dunn, of 
Colchester, Essex, and Clare, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
R-L Elmore, of BrickhiU, 

Mr H.GAJV1. du Val de 

and Miss DJA. Driver 
The engagement is announced 
‘between Hemy. elder son of Mis 
Alister Ga untie tl, of Apsley, 
Andover. Hampshire, and Deb- 
orah. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Arthur Driver, of Ranmoor, 
Sheffield, Yorkshire. . 

Mr PAL Enoch 
and Miss S.B. Leach 
The engagement is announced 
.between Philip, son of Mr and 
Mrs N. Enoch, of Wiliesden, 
-London, and Sandra, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs J. Leach, of 
Sunderland, Tyne and Wear. 

Mr S. Faulkner 
.and Miss S.R. Metcalfe 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, only son of 
Mr and Mrs B.E. Faulkner, of 
Purton. Wiltshire, and Sarah, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
G.R.A Metcalfe, also of Purton, 

Mr J.M.G. Freeman 
and Miss AJS* Holliday 
The engagement is announced 
-between John, son of the late Mr 
Gerard Freeman- and of Mrs 
Gerard Freeman, of Rimpton, 
■Somerset and Ann, daughter of 
"Mr and Mrs William Holliday, 
'of West Wickham, Kemr 

Mr RAX. Johnston 
and Miss DJB. Ricketson 
The engagement is announced 
between Alexander, son of Mr 
and Mrs AC Johnston, of Le 
Moulin d’AIos. and Diana Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Dr and Mrs 
B.WA Ricketson. of The Old 
Rectory, PitchcotL 

Mr H.G. Lasceltes 
and Miss J.C. Ptufipson 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugo, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Giles Lasorifes, of 
London, and Joanna, younger 
daughter of Major and Mrs 
Christopher Philipson, of Lofts 
Hall Essex. 

Mr B J. Stephenson 
and Miss AJ. NeU-Nkhob 
The engagement is announced 
between Barry, son of Mr and 
Mrs N. Stephenson, of Arfbrd, 
Hampshire, and Annabel Jane, 
daughter of Mr G.P. NeU- 
Nichols. of Thurioe Square. 
London, and the late Mrs N di- 

The marriage arranged between 
Mr Peter Cairne and Mrs La- 
vinia Donald will not take place: 

Mr N. MacGregor 
and Miss AX. Clolierty 
The engagement is announced 
bet w ee n Nigel, dder son of Mr 
and Mis J. MacGregor, of Aston 
Rdwam. Oxfordshire, and Ann 
Louise, elder daughter of Group 
Captain andMre JJt Cloberty, 
of Wendover. Bucking- 


Mr JJXS. Haskaid 
and Miss MJ. Halstead 
The marriage took place on 
April 5 at St Margaret’s, West- 
minster. of Mr Julian Haskand, 
lst/2nd KEO Goorkhas, son of 
Sir Cosmo and Lady Haskard, 

of Tragariffi Bantry. Co Cork. 

telle Halstead. 

Mr G.W. Purchase 
and Miss S.P. Knox 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs J. Purchase, of 
Norwich, and Sarah, elder 
daughter of the late Mr G. Knox 
and of Mrs Knox, of 

Dr J.R. Roussak 
and Miss CJ-HX. Edwardes 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, elder son of Dr 
and Mrs Neville Roussak, of 
Didsbury, Manchester, and 
ChloC Jane . Helen Coleridge, 
only daughter of the late Mr 
J.M.C Edwardes and Mis PJ. 
-Edwardes, of Radlett, 

and Miss Michel 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Bruce Halstead, of 16 Biggs 
Place, Southport, Queensland. 
(Canon- Trevor Beeson 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her tether, was 
attended by Miss Allison 
Halstead. Mr Clovis Mealh- 
Baker was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
Hyde Park. Hotel and the honey- 
moon is being spent abroad. 

Mr T.W. Sanderson 

and Miss D.SXJVL Massoo- 


The engagement is announced 
between Timothy William, son 
of Mrs Kay Easton, of Meadow 
Farm, West Ashling. Sussex, 
and Dr M.W.B. Sanderson, and 
Damans, daughter of Mrs A 
Clifford Masson-Taylor, of 48 
Redciifie Gardens. London. 
SW10. and the late Mr A 

MJL Card 
and Miss N J. Bowser 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday. April 5, at Chelsea 
Old Church between M Jean 
Louis Gaid and Miss Nicola 
Bowser. The Rev GE. Leighton 
Thomson officiated, assisted by 
the Rev P.G. Whiting 
_ The bride was given in mar- 
riage by her tether. Brigadier 
P.C Bowser, and was attended 
by Fiona Bowser, Victoria 
Bowser and Nathalie GanL M 
Arnold Fries and M Laurent 
Pacalin were best men. 

A reception was held at The 
Duke of York’s Headquarters. 

Mr Q.H.W. Shaw 
and Miss J.S. Stoners 
The engagement is announced 
between Quentin, elder son of 
Dr and Mrs George Shaw, of 

Lancing. Sussex, and Joy, elder 

daughter of Mr Albert Siemers 
and the late Mrs Lenore 
Siemers, of Pietermaritzburg. 

Mr SJLD. Williams 
and Miss MX Ryan 
The marriage look place re- 
cently in Jamaica between Mr 
Stephen Williams, youngest son 
of the late Mr H.C. Williams 
and Mrs HLG Williams, of 
Magnolia Cottage, Walberton, 
ArundeL Sussex, and Miss Erin 
Ryan, eldest daughter of Mr and 

Mrs R. Ryan, of Baltimore, 
Maryland, Unit 

Jnited States. 

Princess Anne in the driving seat of a train at E 


yesterday after naming it “University of London.* 1 The 
university, of which she is Chancellor, is celebrating its 
150th anniversary. (Photograph: Harry Kerr) 

£40 Chippendale 
sold for £280,000 

By Hnon MaDaKen 

In most houses a Chippen- 
dale minor would have pride 
of place and the diffident 
owner would be constantly 
bringing it to the attention of 
his visitors. 

At Harewood House, how- 
ever, there are so many exam- 
ples of the work of the master 
craftsman that no less than 10 
of his minors have been kept 
in the Carpenter's store and 
other obscure corners since 
the 1840s. 

Yesterday, with other Chip- 
pendale pieces and decorative 
items by different makers, 
they were sold at Christie's for 
a total of just over half- a 
million pounds, which goes to 
the Howard Charitable Trust 
for the upkeep of the house. 

One pair of oval silvered 
mirrors went to an anony- 
mous bidder at £280,000 (esti- 
mate £50,000 plus). They are 
described in almost poetic 
vein in Chippendale's 1775 
invoice: “2 Exceeding neat A 
rich carved Gerandoles with 
ornaments and Treble 
Branches highly finished in 
burnished Silver and var- 
nished and wrought Pansand 
Nossels silvered &c_ £40.” 

The other mirrors proved 
equally popular and also sold 
well above their presale esti- 
mates. A pair of inverted heart 
shaped gutwood mirrors, sup- 
plied by Chippendale in about 
1770. made £64,800 (estimate-' 

£15,000 - £20,000) again go- 
ing to an anonymous bidder. 

Harewood’s near neigh- 
bour, Temple Newsam House, 
bought four Regency and Wil- 
liam IV black japanned coal 
boxes for a total of £5,445. 

A piece of furniture from 
another property which went 
for beyond expectations was 
an elaborate Regency circular 
table. The top was of inlaid 
marble and the base formed of 
bronzed ram and lion mask*, 
Egyptian figures and hoof feet 
This was bought by the Lon- 
don dealer Partridge for 
£66,960 against an estimate of 
between £10.000 and £15,000. 

At lower levels, the sale of 
English furniture, which made 
a total of £1,870,31 1 with five 
per cent bought-in. also did 
welL An oddity, which would 
be the envy of many a serving 
officer, was a Regency cam- 
paign bed which folded up 
into a canopied armchair. 
This made £4,180 (estimate 
£3,000 -£4,000). 

In a sale of old master 
paintings at Bo nhams, a set of 
four decorative and interest- 

ing, ifslightly primitive, 1 paint- 
ings of Members of the Order 
of the Knights of Malta in the 
eighteenth century, which was 
catalogued -as from tbecride 
of Francois Antomede Favray 
made £8.580 (estimate-£6,00G 


r- M rMi W i.rMHii«wtrwi 

Mis Barbara Castle, MEP, was- 
the guest speaker at a luncheon 
of the Lunch tune Comment 
Chib held yesterday at the 
Connaught Rooms. Mr Alan W. 
Ura. chairman, presided. 


Darter Club 

Lord Voting of Graffham was 
the principal guest and speaker 
at a dinner of the Durbar Club 
on April 7 at the Cavalry and 
Guards Club. Mr Narindar 
-SaxoopL chairman of the dub, 
presided. The guests mrimfcrf 
Viscount SKm, Sir Geoffrey 
Finsberg, MP, Sir Anthony Gar- 
ner and Sir Brandon Rhys 
Williams, MP. .. 

Makers of Playing Cards 

MM?A^Kmkins, Master of the 
Makers of Playing Cards Com- 
pany, presided at a court dinner 
held • test night al Barber- 
Surgeons' HalL The other speak- 
ers were Mr D.B. Maurice, 
Senior Warden, Mr Hornby 
Priest Nan and Mr V. Watson. 
The Master of the Barbers* 
Company and the City Remem- 
brancer were among foe guests. 

Service dinners 

The Territorial Auxiliary and 
Volunteer Reserve Association 
for Greater London held 
dinner last night at the Duke of 
York's Headquarters, Chelsea. 
Colonel G.S.P. Carden presided. 
Among those present were 
Lieutenant-General Sir Peter 
Hudson. Mayor-General GJ. 
Airey, Mr MJ. Culham and Mr 
JJ. Cohen. 

United Ktaedoin TmJ Farces 
GeneralSrJames Glover. 
Commander-in-Chief, oresk 
at a dinner of officers of 
Headquarters United Kingdom 
Land Forces held last night. The 
principal guests were Str Peter 
Marycburch and Mayor-General 
D-£_ Ryan. Lieutenant-General 
Sir John Akehurst and Lieuten- 
ant-General Sir Charles 
Huxtable were also present. 

Birthdays today 

Miss Janet Allen, 50, Colonel 
JJ>. Came, VC 80. Professor 
Raymond Cher. 67; Mr Gervase 

de Peyer, 60; Mr Clive Exton, 
56; Mr F _ 

Ronald Baser, 56; Sir 
Derek Hilton, 78; Mr Laurence 
Irving, 89; Mr C.G. Knowles, 
47; Sir Robert Maclean, 78; Mr 
Frank Thrower, 54. 

University news 



The following appointment has 
been made by the Faculty of 

M.D. Anderson Foundation 
Visiting Professor for 1986-87: 
Professor David W. Robertson, 
of the University of Texas 
school of law. Tins follows 
$375,000 gift from the MJD. 
Anderson Foundation of Hous- 
ton to finance faculty exchanges. 

Honorary d e gree s . .. 

Dame Eteggy Ashcroft (DLiuk 
Sir Adrian. Cadbury <LLD); Mrs 
BE Dockar-prysdale (MA); 

Professor EA Gdlner (DSc in 
Social Sciences); Mrs Edith 
Korner (LLD); Lord McGregor 
of Duhis (LLD);- Profe ss or K 
-Pinkau (DSckiMrWJ Wedlafce- 
(MALSirJohn WiIk(LLD). 

Science report 

First light from a young star 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

A fascinating picture show- 
ing the first image of a new- 
born star is on a cover of the 
journal Nature. The flash of 
light was captured at the 
European Southern Observa- 
tory, cm the top of La Stilla, a 
mountain in Chile. 

An account of the recor din g 
of “first light from a young 
star" is reported by Dr Bo 
Reipvth, of Copenhagen Uni- 
versity Observatory, Den- 
mark, and Dr John Bally, of 
AT & T Befl Laboratories, 
HolmdeL New Jersey, in the’ 
United States. 

Their discovery is akin to 
hearing the first cry of life 
from a new babe, which rela- 
tives have been waiting to 
hear. For the patch of sky in 
which the new star, at the 
moment simply called Object 
50, was found has been in- 
triguing astronomers for many 

Especially light-sensitive 

microelectronic chips, referred 
to as charged-couple devices, 
- or - CCDs, picked ap the 
flashes of radiant enogy- The 
poises of light were c on verted 
into electronic signals, which 
were produced by computer to 
generate the “false colour” 

Subsequent observations 
with a radio telescope, at 
HobndeL mapping an area 
several times larger than Ob- 
ject 50, confirmed activity in 
the centre consistent with a 
new star. 

The birth of new stars, or 
more precisely what they teU 
observers about the evotation 
of the universe, is central to 
the con tinning debate between 

The stars of oht galaxy are 
separated by distances be- 
tween neighbouring stars that 
is difficult to comprehend on 
everyday experience. The 
mean distance between 

neighbouriig stars of some 
three light years is about about 
17,006 hffiioa miles. 

. Yet the tracts between them, 
forming part of the inter' 
stellar space of the adverse, is 
not empty- ft contains vast 
dusty deeds. They are esti- 
mated to account for a bat less 
than 10 per cent of foe mass af 
the galaxy. But they are 
aarudal and dynamic part of 
it, net least because they 
provide the raw material for 
new stars. The dost clouds are 
mostiy mm-hunineus. 

But Object 50 was found in 
the part of the sky containing 
active douds, in the constella- 
tion of Orion. It is an energetic 
region, which receives great 
attention for the expectant 
observer. This time they were 

Nature, vol 320, p336-338; 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

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Detoenmorar 1: 17 


ABBOTT - On April the 9 Ul at Royal 
Berkshire Hospital. Reading, to Jana 
. (nee TlmUnj and Stephen, a daugb- 
- ter. Eleanor Kate. 

CHARLESTON - On 31 March to Susan 

- (nee Listen and Robin, a sob Oliver 
• Richard Lister 

CUUIKE - On Tuesday 8th April at 
■ H.M. Stanley HoapiiaL St Asaph, to 

- Elizabeth ime Allen} and Andrew, a 
‘ daughter Emma Rachel. 

JttOK - On 701 April 1986. to Sally 

- (n*e FaraUck) and MlchaeL a daugh- 

- Icr Amy Elizabeth. 

MINE - On Aprs 9tn to Oliver and 
1 Sally- Anne (nee RunHei a son. 

- Oscar 

FOSTER. On 5th April 1986. to Sara 
(nee Nicholson) and Charles, a son. 

GRANT On 31st March 198610 Barba- 
ra (nee Forbes) and Archie, a 
daughter. Christian Martot 
MARCUS - On March 23rd 1986. to 
Call and James, a son. Francis wil- 
liam Patrick. A brother for cover 
and Rupert. 

MLGALUW - On March 20th at 
Queen C ha rlotte s Hospital. Hammer- 
smith, to Christine and Patrick, a 
son. Adam. 

LOGAN - On Eth April in Nottingham, 
to E liza beth and Richard, a son. A 
brother to Sarah and Louise. 

MARCUS - On April lOth al St 
Thomas* Hospital So Candice (nte 
Oxley) and Anthony, a daughler 
(Rosie}, a sister for Simon. 

MARNKAM • On April the 9th to 
Chan Cal and Patrick, a daughter. 

McSWDKY - On April the 8Ht al Dor- 
chester Hospital, to Julia ude Webb) 
and Tin. a son Oliver. 

MOROM - On 9th Aprfl. to Sharon 
and Trevor, a daughter, Kate, a sister 

for Richard and DinM. 

MEW - Charles David Thomas. To Da- 
vid H erb e rt Arthur New and Alexis 
Janet Parr of St Johns Wood. Lon- 
don, Bom March 26 at St Mari 
Hospital. London. 

OUPHAHT - On 3rd April to babel 
tnte Thompson) and Robin, a daugh- 
ter. Zoe Charlotte. 

RAHIMS On April 3rd. at Bedford 
HosptUJ to Jayne tn*e BrownswwtO 
and RlcftanL a son DtgtV RUianL a 
brother tor Alexander. 

Td Daniel and Flank a 

AangMjr raittbi EUzabeOi or 18D) 
March 1986. al Princess Margaret 
Hospital. Windsor. Berkshire. A sta- 
ler for Jeremy. 

SHAW STEWART - On Aprfl dth as 

sorting, to Aictde and Judy (Cour- 
age). a son James Robert Houston. 

SUSSEX - On April Mi In Hong Kong 
to Mary Ann and Chula, a daughter 


TEDDY - On the 27th March 1986. » 
Peter and Fiona (n£e Millard; a sop. 
william Peter. 

TEHHAHT - On Aprfl 7th at Queen 
Mary's Hospital, Roe ham pton. to Su- 
san (Pto Culler) and Peter, a sou. a 
brother for Chnstopho-. 

THOMAS On 23rd February at Al 
Zhara Hospital m Sharham. to 
Yvonne and Aneurin a daughter. Re- 
becca Angbarad Lergh. 

WRXIAMS • On 22nd March to Anne 
(nee Hendne; and David, a son Sam- 
uel. a brother (or Joshua. 


RAbOOLUNGEROn 7lh April la Urn- 
don. Mr. Allan Rae (of Basle 
Switzerland and London) and Mbs 
Gertrud (Trudy) only daughter of 
Mrs. Una DoOlnger-MOhlenunn td 
Rainach Switzerland. 


ABBOTT - victor George (musician) 
dearly beloved son of Elsie and 
brother of Stanley, on (he 7Ut April 
1986. Cremation at Barham. Kent 
I2.30ptn Tuesday 15th April. 
moo. - E OF. rocky’) peacefully on 
6 April aged 99 yean 11 months, 
formerly of Packway. Lyme Regis, 
husband of Die late ArmoreL father 
of Irene and Richard. Family 

BLAKE TYLER On April 8Ui peaceful- 
ly. Harry, husband of Rosemary. 
Cremation private. Memorial service 
at SL Andrews Church. Oval 
DuntfanL April isth al noon. 

BIIRDER - On April the 9th. very 
MCtfoBy In her 82nd year, at 
Woodlands Nursing Home. Brity. 
much loved wife of John and loved 
mother of Susan an d Carolin e. Cre- 
mation private. R e memberence 
Service later al Swlnbrook. 

BURNS - Dr Bernard iBob) of AshrrotL 
HUfdot Rd. Sheffield- Beloved hus- 
band or Eidd. al home on 8th April. 
Family funeral by reouesL If wished 
donations in lieu of flowers to Home 
Fanti Trust c/0 John Heath & Sons. 
Earsham SL Sheffield. 

BRUMMGMD David, on April 8th In 
London. Deafly betoved husband of 
Joan, betoved son of Mrs Drummond 
and Ihe late Canon H J Drummond, 
depriy loved IaU». brother, grand- 
father and unrie. Much loved by all 
who knew Mm. Cremation private. 
Family flowers only. Donations if de- 
atraa to Cancer Research. CaUant In 
death as In Ufa. 

HAWORTH Violet ChHton. wife of the 
late Str Norman Haworth. L.I_D.. 
F.R.S.. Nobel Laureat m Chemtstry. 
and daughter of Die late Sir James 
Dobbie. LLD.. FJL&. and Lady 
DobMe. on March nth 1986 In Win- 
nipeg. Canada 

HAT Sir (Alan) Willlp KCVO. TO on 
9th April 1986. Highly respec t ed D*. 
rector of the National Mutual Life 
AHortation of Australasia (UK A RD. 
His valued contribution wtu be sadly 
missed. Deepest sympathy to Ms fara- 

jP- From Chairman. Managing 
Dteeclor and Principal Board. Chair- 
man and UK A R] Board. Cenerai 
Manager and Staff of Nauonai 

RAY On Aprfl 7th ad sea. Edward 
Tucker, of RyeMH. WangTord Road. 
Reydon. Suffolk, bekwed of Mario- 
rie. bis children and grandchildren. 
Fumm at St Margaret's Church. 
Reydou. SoutbwohL Suffolk, on 
Monday April 1 4th aB 230pm. Flow- 
ers to R Riven Ud. 16 Canton Road. 
Lowestoft Suffolk please. 

STREATFOUD - Hemy Daniel David, 
son of the late Colonel MAJ. 
StreMfeBd la Vienna, after a long 

HOPIONS - Mickey ■ Wife of the late 
Gerald Hopkms. formerly of Csnfare 
CWK. and towed mother of Mkhad. 
Anthony and Juke - Quledy at home 
on April 9th 1986. 

HORSBOMUGH - On the 9th Aprfl 
1986. peacefidy al Ms borne In 
Broadstairs in Ms 76th year. Robert 
Joseph (Babble) dearly loved hus- 
band of BUL Dear father at 
Christopher, step-lather of Michael 
and grandfather of Paul and Susan. 
AB enquiries to Blackburns Funeral 
Service. 0843 62897. 

LUCAS - On April the 9th. peacef idly 
ai home. George Sail Campbefi. one, 
aged 84. past Pr es id en t of The hmi- 
nmon of Electrical Engi n e e re . Much 
loved husband of Elsie and rattier of 
Denise and grandfather of Timothy. 
Stephen and Nsasna. Funeral on 
Wednesday I6tn Aprn at St Mam 
Church. Bllton. Rugby at 12 noon, 
fallowed by cremaaon at OaHry 
Wood. Family flowers only. Dona- 
flora If desired to Cancer Research 
wHl be grestfuiiy received tai Walton 
4 Taylor Lid. 16 Railway Terrace. 
Rugby. TeL 3008. 

MOiUcji-wn HAMS Oadys Mafv, on 
3lsl March 1986 after a short illness, 
dearly loved wife of the late Roy 
Mooter- WflBams and mother of Eve- 
lyiL Jennifer and Melame. Cre ma ted 
privately on 4ih April 1986. 

MWGO - On 9th Aprfl 1986 at Axmto- 
sier. Mary, of Castle House 
Memtoury. dear wife of Rear Admiral 
BA Mungo C 8. Mother of Frauds 
and g r a nd mu a i ei of Hannan and 
Christopher. Cremation private. 
Family flowers only please, but o» 
nanoas tf desired lor The Mane 
Cun® Foundation, c/o W.G. Potter A 
Son- 1 West SL Akhdrater. Td 

o2 Q pgu 

TAYLOR - Thomas Edward Fax MBE 
RN (Retired) aged 73 an 8th Aprfl. 
peacefully at the Royal Mureden Hos- 
DttaL Beloved ma aaud of Daphne, 
loving tenter at Alice and the tele 
Timothy, adored grandfather of Car- 
oline. Katie. Tim and Edward. 
Reoutem Mass at Worth Abbey on 
Tuesday 16th April at 10.16am tot- 
lowed tv private cremation. Family 
flowers. Enautries to Stoneman Fu- 
neral Services. RedbUl 63466. 

WA6STAFF - on 9th ApriL Lny Henny 

(Hens), tnfe HeUendoomL aged 63 
yeara. p e ac ef ully after a brave strug- 
Bte. Dearly loved by her husband, 
children, stepchildren. famQy and 
friends. FaraDy flowers only, but do- 
ntoont to Whitehaven Trust 
Limited. Bathford. Bath BA1 7SP. 
Funeral at Reading Crematorium. 
Caversham on I6(h April at 2 pm. 

WATSON - On 9th Aprfl. Dr Lawrenee 
Al ex ander Watson, of Ct vv apses 
Farm- Henfleid. Su»s«f- Mud> loved 
by Ids wife Margaret (Peggy) and by 
Ids son David and daughter Eleanor, 
also Ms grandchildren Timothy. Al- 
exander. Krishna. Helena and 
Thomas. No flowers please. 

WBCTON On 6Ui April 1986 David a 
truly caring man - of the Taylor Net- 
son Groupt and long standing 
CDuncD Member of the Market Re- 
search Association. Totally 
unexpectedly in hospital A Memori- 
al Service will be announced shortly. 

WISE May Georgina (nfte Carri peace- 
fully on 31-5-86 in Poole Hospital to 
her 74th year. Betoved wife of near- 
ly 49 years to Arthur Francis Wise, 
mother of John. Christopher and 
Robert, grandmother of AUlsau. 
Davtna. Andrew and David. Beaud- 
fnl memories of a life fun of love and 
labour tor the loved ones. 

WILSON - 2nd l± David & Wflson 
R.A. elder son of Brian and Dianna 
Wlbon and brother of Caroline and 
Philip. On Oh Anil 1966 in 
B-A.O.R. 'In aU he did he always 
thought to adueve the best He was 
much loved and wffl be «ny 

WRiOR - At the Cottage Cartats 
P«u«dk on April 9th 1986. 
flosamimd Harper, younger dautfi- 
ter of me late Professor CT.R. 
Wilson CH. FJI& and Mrs Wilson, 
Dear sister of Charles and Jeasto. Ser 

vice In Cartons church on Saturday 
Aprfl IZth at 10.13am or after to 
Morion Han Crematorium. Edin- 
burgh at 11.16am. No flowers 

WORBIALD - On 9tb April, pw a c ehdl y 
m ids steep. LtOotoneL John Edward 
Graham, fate xn R. Lancesu. Much 
loved husband of Ruth and taring te- 
ther and te-andtether. Cremation 
private. Thanksgiving service at Gt 
Michael's Church. North Cadbury, 
on Wednesday the 16th April at 
9.30pm. Family flowers only please. 
Donaflons if desired for the Friends 
of Si Mttiaers. To Mr Harold. F. 
MBes. Funeral Director. Bonm 
Ca dbu r y . Yeovil, Somerset. TeL 
North Caffixny 40567. 


HftttH There wlB be a Memorial Mass 
tor Arthur Vtvtao Breen MBE MC 
Crotc de Ouant avec Palme, held to 
the Chapel ofthe Convent of the As- 
sumption. 23 KsHbigun So. Loudon 
ws. an Sszurdsy Apra X9tu at n 

ROHM - The Memorial Service far 
Geoffrqr Horn wffl be hdd in Hie 
Church of San Se ba st ian in 
Abninwcar. Spain at 7pm on the 
11th ApriL 


COLLY BUMS died I2tti April 1986. 
Also her husband Bobby. «h Decem- 
ber 1984. Both remembered with 
deep affection by a hast of friends 
and guests daring Dm flrst nuuk 

YKROR. Mrs Dorothy Bwne some- 
flne the Hon. Mrs WUBam 
Carthwatle In fondest memory. Me. 

UWJUN - Fred. 19th January 1901. 
nth April 1986. 



First Vice-CbancellGrof 
Newcastle University 

Dr Charles Bosamrafit. who 
died on April 9, SX was 
the first Vic&Oianc eflor o f 
the* Unrveraty of Newcastle 
upon Tyne; holding office 
from 1963 until be retired in 
1968; ’ • - . 

Learning, landowning, 
far ming and money tnacagfr- 
molt were all in his Mood and 
his h^hly varied t^ents 
served him. wefl- . . 

Charles Ion Garr Bosanqnet 
was bom in Athens on April 
19, 1903. His fether was 
diiyrtnr of the Briti sh Scho ol 
in Athens and later professor 
of classical archaeology al 
Liverpool University. He re- 
tired to Northumberland to 
(x > w hi "g the pursuit ofRoma- 
oo-Britisb archaeok^y and 
local history with forming die 
family estate at Rock, near 

Bosanqnet was educated at 
Winchester and gamed a 
scholarship at Trinity Goll^e, 
Cambridge, where ne took a 
first in both parts of the 
hirin ry tripos and rowed in the 
university trial eights and in 
the coUege boat which won die 
Ladies {date at Henley. 

After Cambridge, he had a 
spell on the staff of the 
Financial News and accompa- 
nied Sir Hilton Young to 
Geneva to the General Assem- 
bly of the League of Nations. 
It was there that he met 
Bar bara Schi effclin, whom he 
married in i 93 L 

Meanwhile he bad joined 
hazard Brothers, the mer- 
chant tank, and worked in the 
City until the ombreakof war 
when he transferred, to .the 
Ministry of Agriculture to be a 

-- — nrertAmfll n aai ttawf 

temporary pnndpal assista n t 
secretary. One of hi 


ftedcs was to emotnage the 
rapid mechanization of 
Britain's forms to mert war- 
time needs. 

. In 1945 he went to Christ 
Church, Oxford, to be treasur- 

er and remaned there oma 
1952 when he was appointed 
Rector of King's College, 
Newcastle, which was then 
pan of Durham University. 

He succeeded Lord Eustace 
Percy as rector and thereby 
became Vke-Chanceflor of . 

. Durham, alternating by tod. 
tion with the Warden of the- 
Durham colleges, who was - 
then Sir James Duff! 

.•This .system ofaterhath^ 

presented special difficulties; 
not. only because Sir James 
was such an effective chafr- 
man foil also because offeeep 
disappointment among many ; 
at Newcastle that an earlier . •: 
proposal for a separate umver- . 
azy there bad been rejected 
shortly before Bosanqurt took 
office. ... 

King's CaD^ge, Newcastle, «- 
and the Durham colleges had 
been as different as die two 
dries themselves: Durham 
with its ancienr buildings and * 
quiet academic traditions, 

is theology and the - . " 
arts, Newcastfowith its tradi- 
tions buried deep in-, .the 
industrial Nartlwast,'withil3 
thriving schools of medicine. - 
'mining . and ' naval 

Bosanqnet gave much time 
tostudem wdfore, an inier«t 
dare d by his wife, and on tas 
retirement he was. presented, 
with a tankard inscribed ~- To 
the students’- friemPi, tribute 
wefl deserved arai much 

apprecia t ed. 

Honorary degrees were con- - 
ferredon him by the uniyersi*. . . 
ties of Durham, Cincinnati, .j\. 
Sierra . Leone and the Qty. He “. 
devoted . hs retirement to the 
famil y estate and forms at 
Rock, which he had inherited 
in 1935, to. his responsibilities : 
as a development commis- 
sioner and to Ills interest in 
Winchester GoItegBi . - 

His wife, ja?D and three . 
daughters survive him. ... 

■ i . 

? 1 V 

& 'f- . ’ 


v- * 

'!i r r -V" ■ 

; .4 



'i j i' ‘ 

: -V -• • 

,i~ -^T ■ 

•.* - ' 

■" , & 

> , tr ' -W- '• ' 


Z' i.: 


i * 


Major-General Eric Chmeronians a few weeks 
Sfosmith, CB, CBE, a gallant later. He returned to Fng j an d 
and distinguished soldier of again in August,.: W44,...lo 
wide experience who bad pufo become Deputy. Director of 
fished three works on rzuhtaty Staff Dmiesat tte War Office, 
commanders, died on April 6, and m July, 1946, . flew 
81 . India .io assume command of 

Eric Keir Gilborne 13 British Indepcodeni Bai- .. 

- i, - jL • • " ■ • 

Sixsmith, was bora at Barry, gade Group. 

October 15, An appointment as Chief of 

Glamorgan, on 
1904. He was educated at ftatish Fcmcts Hong 

Barry and Harrow, and was Kong in 1952 was followed 
co mmissio ned in 1924 in The shoity afterwards by Chief of 
Cameronians (Scottish Staff Far East land Forces 
Rifles). ’ (1952-54). Ii was in the fetter 

Serving with the first banal- post, that Sixsmith was 
ion of his regiment, ftewjfs in prated temporary 
Egypt from. the end of J927-to era] ia. 1952. ; . .’j ; ' : v 
1930, and m. India from l931- A^’ a if’ author, Sxsmifh 

J934.wfeen he passed through wrote in the best Staff CoUege 
the Staff CoD^ejd<^ietla: manner iskflful -oigaiHsation 

At the outbreak of war and lurid presentation. British 
Sixsmith was Brigaffo Major Generalship m the Twentieth 
2nd Brian; ~ ^ 

went with 

British Expeditionary Force in 
September, 1939. He returned the end of tire Second World 

rl# 1 
r _ * 

-.z •• 



•• • -*j 

. •v >. L 


to England the following war War and is a penetrating and 
for a speD at. the War Office well-reasoued survey. 

Eisenhower as Military 

but resumed regimental duties 
in 1941 with the 12th Commander (1973), a sympa- C:. 
Cameronians. thetic study ofthe soldior, who ■* 

tt—j. was laier to be President ofthe 

Further steff apomtinents United States, offers illumi- 
foliowed, and m 1942 he « nating insighu into 

° r - ,hc J 0 ? ctocter to re- 

battalion of has regiment In veal a man of 

rf.z <* 
j. -i-S.' 

■2% •** s«f- ■ « 

i s * '' *•'’ 

aR' ss- 


5" ■* -* 

r-»?- * 1 -• 

v ^ ■ -'••• • 

". - .;•» 
Cs • V- -V • 
i'-;: or ■ ' 


- . \f 

:* r- 

u .. 

ttorm. sttadfest loyalty ao< 
Oflice until February, 1944, «M«qtivity. Sxsmkh , i 

i * ” r -‘.- 

. _ . . . deep sensitivity. 

rate command of the 2nd ( 197 a is written according to 
Battalion Royal Scots the . best principles of the 
Fusiliers. dispatch, bur provides little 

He was wounded in Aprfl of more than a synopsis of the 
that year, but was back on changing military scene--, in 
active service with the 2nd which Haig played part 

’* a .~ 

/« : : ... 
. : Vh ■ . 




>7^ - - 

H. Andrew Freeth, RA, the 
portrait painter and etcher, 
who- has died aged 73, had 
exhibited almost 200 works at 
the Royal Academy .during ires 
loi® career and these were fori 
a fraction of his vmied output. 

Born in Birmingham, on 
December 29, 1912, he stud- 
ied at the city’s CtiOege.of Art. 
His mother -greatly encour- 
aged him in ms studies, and 
had kept him at school 
considerable sacrifice^ . 

He won the Prix. de Rome 
scholarship for engraving, a 
rue honour for a student at a 
provincial art school, and 
went to the British School at 
Rome from 1936-39. He was 
elected to the Royal Society of 
Painter-Etchers and Engravers 
as early as 1938. 

During the Second World 
War Freeth served as a major 
with the Intelligence Corps in 
the Mediterranean theatre; 
and, for a time in 1943, was 
loaned to the RAF Middle ' 
East as official war artist 

After the war he settled in 
London and became a mem- . 
her of the Royal Academy . 
(ARA, 1955; RA, 1965), ofthe . 
Royal Society of Painters in 
Water Colours (and their pines? 

ident from ! 974-76), the Roy- 
al Society of British Artists 
and the Royal Society of #*' 
Portrait Painters. 

His . woik was, therefore, 
regularly tin view at their 
exhibitions yet he still found 
time to teach at St Martin’s ’ 
School of Art arid at Sir John ’ 
Cass College, WhhechapeL - .. 

His .pmlrails - of feinous - 
people, including Sir Aio; ~ 
Donglas-Home, W. Somerset 
Maugham, Walter de la Mare, 
his mend Enoch FoweO and 
many bishops and other digni- . 

.A,’ ••‘Si*.*! lt 


■ - 

. - • ^ ‘ - k.!— 

* i ■*' 
^ .. ‘ l 

•*: * 

■*i, * - 

-V . ■ 

.1 • 

taries, prove him to have been 
of the 

one ot the finest- portrait " 
engravers and delineators of 
hit time. 

But his aqua-tints, such as 
“To C3iurch” (two. plain, d- 
derly women with their urn-". -.Q 
brellas) and “Pigeons UT . 
Trafofear Square", as welt as’ 
his watercolours of, for in- 
stance, “Game of Bottles at St •: 
Malo" and “The Beach at St 
Seryan", were perhaps even : - 
more appealing. 

. He was a cons ummate - 
craftsman and pleasant com- - 
penion, greatly helped by his 
wife, Roseen, who, with their.. . 
three sons ami one daughter, - "• 
survive him. 

t! r- . 


.^i Ck 

:: sarr ^ 

- ^ 

Canon Edward Sulston, 
who has died atthe age of 78, 
was Deputy . Secretary of the 
United Society for the Propa- 
gation of Uk Gospel' during 
some of its most eventful 

Service in the Army 
Chaplains' Department from 
1941 to 1946 widened his 
world view and after the war 
he was invited by Bishop Basil 
Roberts to join the staff of dm 
Society of the Propagation of 
the Gospel. 

Ted Sulston organized and 
oversaw the arrival m Britain 
of overseas church people for 
a country-wide speaking pro- 
gramme in 1951 to celebrate 

the 250th . anniversary of the. 
society. . . - 

He was also involved in the 
■1950s with:. two significant 
developments in the church is 
India and Pakistan One wb s 
the. transfer by the society of 
the legal ownership of church 
property. to diocesan trustee, 
bodies; the other- the handing 
over to these bodies of large 
capital '.sums .to put the local 
churches oh a firm financial 
footing; . * 

Sulston, who was blessed 
with an exceptionally reteh- 

.. r «*8i 

I ■ 

■“£ 6, 

live memory, knew by nante 
rf B 

the many hundreds or British ■* 
missionaries with whom h? 
caine la contact • 


r 0* 




Motel in 
need of 


“Orange juice, please.” Tbese 
were the first words to be 
uttered, by the swimmer Dan- 
. can Gobdbew, last night's 
guest celebrity on episode 
4,216 of Crossroads (Central). 
For pathos they rivalled Hen- 
ry K issi ng er’s immortal .words 
in Dynasty. “That's right”, he 
says when Joan Collins breezi- 
ly complains she has not seen 
him since : Portofine. 1 was 
even reminded of the line 
altered by fise hist Tsar, 
Nicholas n, when in 1923, six 
« years after his putative death, 
* he was spotted by a friend mi 
the steps of Notre Dame de la 
Garde in Marsefiks. “Good to 
see yon again”, said the friend. 
“But yoH look pale.” “I don't 
feel very well”, conceded the 
former Emperor and Autocrat 
of all theRossias. 

Good health was very ranch 
the reason for the appearance 
of Mr Goodbew, “whose name 
is fitness itself". Unfortunate- 
ly. in opening the motel's 
leisure centre, he was reqaired 
to add a lew more fines. The 
manner .of their delivery re- 
vealed Ms fhtme is likdy to 
^ remain in sWiriming. 

Certainly his presence did 
not add any zest to a pro- 
gramme which zb its twenty- 
second year needs some 
invigorating resuscitation. (It 
does seem indicative of the rot 
that the affable Lorraine had 
to have swimming lessons for 
tife scene where she falls into 
the pool.) 

There is something Instw- 
less about all the. actors and. 
their lines. The formula is as 
overpowering as cheap, scent 

and smothers any smell of real 
life. (In fact each character 
gives the impression of going 
a boat with a can of hair-spray 
in the Mazer pocket.) Even the 
pot-planls look fake. 

£ After Crossroads, East- 
Eaders (BBC!) seems admira- 
ble in every respect and ' 


“The trick is in 
the casting”: 

joining the 
succession of 
new actresses 
perfectly chosen 
as Lacy 

Honey church in 
A Room With a 
View, and 
Simon Callow's 
Reverend Beebe 
(left), bland and 
clumsy and 
intimating more 
than meets the 
eye, with Rupert- 
sweetly sparky 


A Room With* View 

Cnrzon, Mayfair 

Heartbreakers (18) 
Cannon Tottenham Court 

m. **'"..*"* I r^rjrzr XI Having already adapted Henry James 
ft * (TheEuropeansani The Bostonians) 
tiiat the affaMe LnRame bad ^ jg^ Rjjys (Quartet), the produc- 
ts have swimming I^ous for er^j] rector-writer triumvirate of Is- 
scue where she falls into mail Merchant, James Ivory and 
the pool.) • Ruth Prawer Jhabvala turn to 

There is something lustre- EM. Forster. A Reran With a View is 
less about all the. actors and. their masterpiece, 
their lines. The formula is as It cannot have been the easiest 
overpowering as cheap, scent book to adapt. The comedy is so 
and smothera any smell of real delicate and so personal to the young 
life. (In fact each character Forster, a mixture of sophistication 
gives the impression of going and naive wonderment after his own 
about with a fBB of hair-spray first trip abroad; the observation of 
in the Mazer pocket.) Even the manners is so precisely situated in it 
pot- plants look own period; the central theme of 

r_. young Lucy Horieychurch’s spiritual 

emancipation from the tight but 
Enders (BBC1) seems^mira- toils of Edwartfom convention 

“e. “ ”7 I W* t "? is so exactly traced. Yet the film 
deserving of its unfandy c^cu- miraculously catches it all. There is 
lated viewing figures (imdnd- ^ amrfous moment near the start 
mg repeats, ab&mt 21 million). where the film changes, the permuta- 
Ateo shot on video. — w hich ijons of who walks out wife whom 
belies the myth that you can feat fateful morning in Florence: but 
only bring drama tojjfe tm film ft works, and fromihen onfidelity to 
— it is well acted, ttdJ written Forster is absolute. 

(of the scriptwriters John Ruth Prawer Jhabvala adopts the 
Barrington has a pa rt icula r ly original dialogue almost without 
fine ear for dialogue) and very change. Forster, who in his lifetime 
well cut, knowing exactly resisted having his novels jput on the 
when the script cannot do the screen, proves a faultless film-writer, 
work, of the newer. The talk is as shrewd and funny and 

White the action of Crow- easy in actors’ mouths as on the page. 
rat h is lareelv circumscribed Still more remarkable is James 
h? Ih* irarfd. EnstEuders takes Ivor >'" s driltoy failhfal,y t0 trans ale 

lated viewing figures (Metal- 
ing repeats, about 21 million). 
Also shot on video — which 
belies the myth that you can 
only bring drama tujjfe ob fita 
-it is weD acted, *eB written 
(of fee script wr iters John 
Barrington has a par ti cula r ly 
fine ear for dialogue) and very 
well cut, knowing exactly j 
when the script cannot do the 
work, of tin viewer. 

While the action of Cross- 
roads is largely circumscribed 
by the motel, EastEuden takes 
place around a square we 
hardly -ever see — in the 
> launderette (where Dot 
amply presides Eke a de- 
camped dowager duchess), the 
cafo, the supermarket, .the 
Vifcte m and the pub. Each 
location takes the place of the 
entire fonua and has its own 
determining: influence on 

In episode 120 h was high 
noon at the Queen Vic- Mi- 
chelle, baring played Cupid 
for lan and pink, prating 
Sharon, feels like a wet week- 
end. When she decides after 
all to marry Lofty, her father 
concludes it mast have been 
Lofty — “an accident looking 
for something to happen”, he 
decorously puts it - who made 
e her pregnant He is not 
* pleased and waits at the bar to 
give him a piece of his fuddled, 

What makes EastEuders so 
effective is that the tempta- 
tions of modern fife are admit- 
ted and explored. Yet, while 
the action is driven by charac- 
ters dropping like flies from 
fee path of simple virtue, there 
is an underlying fabric of 
conventional morality which is 
subtly disguised and delivered 
as homespun. 



into pictures the nuances and comedy 
of Forster's description. The remem- 
bered phrases become images and 
gestures. The film is punctuated with 
chapter-headings like those of the 
book, serving at once to ackowledge 
the literary source and sustain a 
distancing, ironic commentary. 

“I liked the characters and I liked 
the scenes”. Ivory explains with 
laudable simplicity. In John Huston's 
phrase, “the trick is in the casting”, 
and this is a skill in which fee 
Merchant-Ivory team always excels. 
Helena Bonham-Carter joins the 
succession of new actresses perfectly 
cast to roles that their films have 
introduced. She is Forster’s Lucy 
indeed, the innocent rebel seriously 
confused by her own change from 
tomboy into woman and the onset of 
unrecognized desire. The perfor- 
mance falls short only in one respect 
the loose vowels and uncertain 
consonants of a late 20th-century 
accent sit as awkwardly in a period 
film as an anachronistic hat Drama 
schools now need to teach classic 
English diction alongside other archa- 
ic skills like fending. 

Daniel Day-Lewis's period diction 
is a model, but then so is his entire 
performance as Cecil, the cold, 
affected, spoiled, ascetic fiance who 
suddenly softens into likeable, vul- 
nerable humanity when Lucy finds 
courage to throw him over. Day- 
Lewis has the tare ability to change 
beyond recognition, inside and out, 
with every role. Cecil has little in 
common with the young Londoner he 
played in My Beautiful Laundrette. 

It is invidious though to single out 
performances in a cast as faultless as 
any cast could be: it indudes a robust 
Denholm Elliott and dourly romantic 
Julian Sands as the Emersons, father 
and son: Judi Dench's florid Miss 

Lavish; Rosemary Leach's Mrs 
Honeychurch; Rupert Graves’s 
sweetly sparky Freddy, and Simon 
Callow's Reverend Beebe, bland and 
dumsy and intimating something 
more than meets the eye. 

Maggie Smith's Cousin Charlotte is 
also a marvel: a poor, dried-up. 
apologetic, unloved thing, bottling up 
the romance and sentiment and love 
that in the end she cannot keep from 
tumbling out. Maybe the ultimate 
strength of all these characterizations 
is that Ivory exactly shares Forster’s 
faith that everyone, however comic 
or awfiil or snobbish he may seem, 
has some good in him, some redeem- 
ing human quality. Everyone except, 
of course, the Reverend Mr Eager 
(Patrick Godfrey), the enemy of love. 

Ivory has a new director of 
photography (Tony Pierce-Roberts. 
who filmed Moonlighting and A 
Private Function) but his ability to 
capture the atmosphere of a place and 
time are unaltered. The oppressive 
serenity of the village of Summer 
Street is as real as the dusty, antique 
mystery of Florence or the shabby 
gentility of the Pension Bortolini; and 
all are predsety pinned down to the 
year 1908. There is an extraordinary 
sense of danger, emotional as well as 
. physical, in the scene of the murder in 
the Piazza Signoria. On the fatal rural 
excursion when Lucy is kissed — an 
event in its small way as traumatic as 
what happened in the Malabar Caves 
— there is the same sense as in 
Renoir's Partie de campagne that 
everyone has been touched by some 
mischievous erotic daemon of the 
place. - 

Adaptation can be a perilous road 
for films, but Merchant-Ivory- 
Jhabvala have achieved the near- 
impossible: without a moment’s 
betrayal of their original, they have 


n playing its tricks again?). 

Kooert 1 an O StiU, the inclusion of a piece 

Wiffmnre Hall by Babbitt in a conceit of this 

Wigmor e n kind is in itself a statement of 

• • • intent, and the rest of Taub’s 

Opportunities to hear any of progamme provided similar 
Milton Babbitt's music are evidence of an intelligent and 
less rare than they used to be, penetrating musical mind at 
but still rare enough to be wor k_ Technically, there was 


Fiery vocal drama 

less rare than they used to be, penetrating musical min 
but still rare enough to be work. Technically, there 

— .U _ ..ulmma DnKnrl .. , i , J 

worth a welcome. _ Robert 
Taub's piano recital included 
the European premitre of 
Tableaux, which Babbitt com- 
posed in 1973; less than 10 
minutes long, it makes the 
kind of extreme demands on 
the player which ensure that 
performances do not happen 
every week. 

As always with Babbitt, the 
strict (yet in some ways not so 
strict) techniques of construc- 
tion at work in the piece seem 

fee odd unrelaxed moment, 
but only fee odd one. In 
Beethoven's “Waldstein” So- 
nata. the first movement's 
brusque manner was en- 
hanced by a startlingly quick 
tempo, while the Rondo's 
interaction of long singing 
paragraphs and impetuous 
passag e work came across with 
unusual and convincing 

Taub also refused to lake 
anything for granted in 

Covent Garden 

It is 60 years since an opera 
was last given a concert per- 
formance at Covent Garden. 
Enjoying fee sound but not 

Home's justly renowned, still 
solid portrayal of Arsace. 

Samuel Ramey’s menacing 
Assur. sung- with unflinching 
accuracy and characteristic 
zest, also commanded atten- 
tion. Chris Merritt, gamely 
portraying that dramatic non- 
entity Idreno. began scoopily 

the pictures of Rossini's" but his light, dry tenor and 
Semiramide, one could feel effortless high Cs made more 

UUli dL "via Mi wv r*™ c ouyuuug iui giouivu UI 

to heighten the dement of Chopin's B minor Sonata — 
fantasy rather than to suppress there were some risky gear- 

iu Music has a way of operat- 
ing in terms of such paradox- 
es. Tableaux is undoubtedly 
scrupulously and beautifully 
composed, although it seemed 
not to make as dear an 
impression here as one might 
have expected- Taub’s playing 
of this admittedly relentlessly 
difficult music rather lacked 
light and shade; it was also, I 
think, fractionally over-ped- 
alled (or was the Wigmore 
Hall's - clangorous acoustic 

changes in the presto Finale, 
but not at the expense of the 
music's grandeur — and he 
found a vein of thoughtful 
lyricism for three of Brahms's 
Op 1 1 6 pieces (particularly fee 
Intermezzo in E major) which 
suited them perfectly. Even 
the Liszt “La cam pane lia”, 
one of a hatful of encores, 
somehow sounded more wist- 
ful than virtuosi c. 

Malcolm Hayes 



of several hundred exceptionally 
fine and medium quality, handmade 


rugs and runners... 

, u„. Mm jmfvutani weavina centres of the East, included are many 

~ ".TiaaMMisr- - - — 

to be transferred tom bonded warehouses and offered at the: 



Viewing from noon same day. 

Payment' cash, cheque or ail major credit cards. 

little regret about the absence 
of staging. For one thing, it is 
difficult to know where a 
producer might introduce the 
obligatory barbed wire and 

More seriously. Semi- 
ramide is essentially “night- 
ingale” opera: a Babylonian 
epic of runs, trills and arpeg- 
gios that create their own 
fiery, dangerous drama which 
far outclasses that in the 
creaking old plot. Rossini's 
inspiration is not uniformly 
good, but the best set-pieces 
offer vocal thrills worth the 
waiL But wait we must: Act I 
alone exceeds two hours. 

The cast assembled here did 
not disappoint. In particular 
.June Anderson as Semi- 
ramide. the queen who has 
despatched her husband and 
taken a more than profession- 
al interest m her army com- 
mander Arsace <who regret- 
tably turns out to be her son), 
made . an outstanding Royal 
Opera dfibut. 

A vibrant soprano in the 
pink of condition, she is 
capable of producing both 
scintillating coloratura and, in 
the final prayer, an appealing- 
ly veiled half-tone. She intro- 
duced the marvellous Act I 
aria “Bel raggio lusingfcier" 
with rich-timbred flourishes, 
melted stylishly into the lan- 
guid chorus melody, exposed a 
slightly under-powered bot- 
tom in the subsequent gym- 
nastics. but emphasized her 
secure top register by interpo- 
lating a couple of high Es 
without any noticeable strain. 

One worrying aspect is a 
seeming inability to reflect 
with vocal colouring her 
character's changing moods: 
even recollection of her 
husband's gruesome demise 
brought little perceptible 
change in delivery. This was 
particularly evident when she 
was in proximity to Marilyn 

impact later. The conductor 
Henry Lewis appeared far 
happier supervising some 
classy accelerandi in ensem- 
bles than in urging the orches- 
tra to convey excitements like 
the "terrore universale” when 
the dead king's ghost appears. 

But. with orchestra and 
chorus maintaining generally 
creditable ensemble and the 
minor parts strongly cast, this 
is an enterprise worth hearing. 


Audible sincerity 

created an independent work that is 
irresistibly enchanting 

Heartbreakers is a comedy of 
manners set half the world and three- 
quarters of a century away from A 
Room H’ith a l m ieiv. shrewdly record- 
ing the mores of Los Angeles. 1 984. It 
is about two friends in their thirties, 
one a Bohemian artist. Blue (Peter 
Coyote), the other. Eli (Nick 
Mancuso). the heir to a successful 
garments firm. In the course of the 
film Blue moves from being broke 
and deserted by his wife to a 
successful exhibition and a new 
conquest, while the carefree Eli is 
beaten down by the death of his father 
and defeat in love. 

In the end they are both natural 
failures — Blue the victim of the 
greedy egotism of his relationships, 
Eli of; inability ever finally to commit 
himself to the emotional relation- 
ships he so badly wants — and both 
are imprisoned by the obligatory 
machismo which prevents them ever 
acknowledging their emotions. Their 
adventures and relationships lead 
them in the end to a cathartic though 
presumably temporary moment of 
recognition and revelation, when 
they yield their defences to admit to 
each other their mutual jealousy and 

Heartbreakers is the fourth shoe- 
string feature film by Bobby Roth, as 
producer, writer and director, and 
convincingly catches the mood and 
discontent of a specific social and age 
group of middle-class. West Coast 
America. The people who surround 
Blue and Eli have the same solidity as 
the voguish, real-life Los Angeles 
settings. Mancuso’s necessarily less 
flamboyant performance admirably 
complements Coyote, as excellent as 

a!ways. gubfaSOIl" 

Jane Anderson as 
Semiramide: an outstanding 
house debut 

There are further perfor- 
mances tomorrow and on 
T uesday, with a Radio 3 
broadcast on April 20. 

Richard Morrison 


The 525,600 Minute Waltz 

Timing is of the utmost importance when perfecting a Steinway piano. 

It lakes one year of skilled craftsmanship using materials dial have been 
nurtured and matured for half a decade. A performance that begins with 
die traditional seasoning of the woods to ensure the excellent formation 
of the inner and outer rim. No wonder Steinway pianos have 
accomplished quality, lasting value and durability. A piece de resistance 
renewed the world over. 

See one. touch one. play one. own one. 


Steinway Hall. ■« Marylebone Lane, Wigmore Street. London Wl. Tel: 01-487 3391. 
Please send me full details ufSiunway Pianos □ I would likcadernonttration t_ 

•Steinway pianos eon also be seen in Bellas!, Bolton, Chester. Edinburgh, 
Glasgow, Huddersfield. Liverpool. Manchester. Nottingham and Qxfoal. 



Up in the Andromeda galaxy 
one Lord Melchisedic, whose 
business is to monitor the 
state of the universe, decides 
the time has come to put 
planet Earth on trial for its 
continued existence. 

He arranges for a deputa- 
tion of national leaders to 
represent their delinquent 
globe; but the message is 
intercepted by one Captain 
Ebony, formerly the ruler of 
now-obliterated Pirate Star, 
who has been filling in time as 
a San Francisco disc-jockey. 
Nothing. Ebony thinks, is 
more certain to guarantee the 
death penalty than the appear- 
ance of politicians in the High 
Court of the Lfoiverse; so he 
sends Cliff Richard and a 
backing group instead, before 
gatecrashing the hearing as a 
character witness. 

Such is the basis of Dave 
Clark's musical, which sets a 
new record in the gap between 
imaginative poverty and Bab- 
ylonian material resources. 1 
am willing to believe that Mr 
Clark, and his co-writers Da- 
vid S names and Jeff Daniels, 
are as genuinely in fear of the 
end of the world as the 
millenarians of the year 999. 
The show's sincerity is not in 
doubt; but everything else is. 

Its main claim is as a 
special-effects event challeng- 
ing the cinema on its home 
ground. John Napier, the 
reigning wizard in this depart- 
ment. sets out to transform fee 
Dominion into a space-ship 
and then to unveil the won- 
ders of Andromeda. This 
means first a deafening and 
, blinding environmental blast- 
off whose main impact on the 
spectator is one of acute 
physical discomfort. Then 
there descends an object re- 
sembling a giant purple pan- 
cake. on which the blinking 
travellers take their place, and 
see three judges cantilevered 
in on levitated thrones backed 
like boudoir pipe-organs. 

The stage too can levitate, 
and turn into an upright disc 
with traps serving as plat- 
forms for the casL Also, as the 
supreme revelation, there is a 
giant bespangled Easter egg 
which opens to reveal a 
hologram of Laurence Olivier 
- as the spirit of universal 
knowledge - dispensing vatic 



Wigmore Hall 

By eight o'clock it was time for 
the interval, and an hour later 
it was all over. But no one 
could describe as less than 
wholeheartedly generous 
Nicolai Gedda's long-awaited 
recital. It seemed as if he had 
been deliberately keeping time 
in reserve fora trail of encores. 
The encores were offered very 
much in the spirit of personal 
gifts not only to Charles 
Osborne, for whom the recital 
was given, but to a hall foil of 
admirers, each of whom 
doubtless remembered with 
affection a different facet of 
his 35 years of singing. 

Among the encores was 
Lalo's “Aubade" and a Swed- 
ish folksong: one, it seemed, 
for Osborne and one for 
himself. But the true climax of 
the evening came with Len- 
sky, the role in which he last 
appeared four years ago at 
Covent Garden. His aria from 
Eugene Onegin drew the lis- 
tener into the heart of the 
opera itself, so concentrated 
was its telescoping of past and 
present, so perceptive Geof- 
frey Parsons's accompani- 

wisdom to the earthlings. 

The drawback is that all 
such effects constitute only 
one trick. If it is used for its 
own sake, you merely sit back 
waiting for* the next. With, say. 
Starlight Express, the set was 
organically engaged in the 
action, so repetition did not 
matter. Here it is simply a box 
of tricks: and there is an 
absurd disparity between the 
sophistication of the mecha- 
nism and the feebleness of its 
theatrical impact. 

As for the plot, it is put 
together like a standard court- 
room drama dressed up in the 
comic-sinister costumes of 
synthetic mythology. Mel- 
chisedic, attended by a party 
of galactic knights at arms, 
comes on as prosecutor. Chris 
Wilder (alias Mr Richard) and 
his party look on. dropping 
lines such as "It’s crazy - it 
must be a dream” and getting 
snubbed by the judges, who 
seem to have been whiling 
away their spatial eternity by 
reading Agatha Christie. 

The prosecutor gets a song: 
followed after a nervy start, 
by a defence song from Mr 
Richard. As few of the words 
are audible, it is hard to sec 
how the trial is going. Ebony, 
with his own dancing group, 
whose costume much extends 
the definition of parti-col- 
oured tights, takes the stand, 
and comes dose to saying that, 
although the world is a rough 
old place, it stands a chance of 
being redeemed by rock music 
which brings people together. 

The judges nevertheless de- 
cide on a death sentence; but 
— surprise, surprise — before 
they push the button Laurence 
Olivier materializes and we all 
get another chance. Olivier, 
reduced to a huge, hairless, 
domed head, delivers lines 
like "We can all know every- 
thing without knowing why” 
in tones of regretfully patient 
serenity that almost makes 
them seem to mean 

Much passion goes into Mr 
Richard's singing, none of 
which got through to me; his 
acting consists mainly of 
shows of personal modesty. 
The dancing in Larry Fuller's 
production is extremely ener- 
getic and. except where the 
two contrasted groups finally 
move in unison, divorced 
from dramatic context, if you 
win pardon the expression. 

Irving War die 

ment, so luminous the central 
mezza-voce in which the song 
turns towards Olga. 

That same meticulous con- 
trol of half-voice had made 
Tchaikovsky's "At the Ball” 
seem like one long melodic 
sigh. It pointed, too. another 
key reason for the brevity of 
the recital. For. just as Geticta 
had cunningly kept time in 
hand, so he was throughout 
the most discreet guardian of 
bis own vocal resources. The 
same elegant artistry which 
has characterized every role of 
his career was now turned, in 
his sixty-first year, to the voice 

It was a tense start 
Respighi's "None” and, of all 
things, Donizetti's “Una fur- 
tiva lagrima” sang the voice 
in; and Gedda's relaxed man- 
ner (his Bizet was positively 
Chevalier-like) belied the vo- 
cal tension and the somewhat 
anxiously shallow-breathed 
Gounod salon songs. 

For Ambroise Thomas, the 
voice came into its own: 
brilliance of timing and of that 
ringing, still resilient high 
register, with a sense of tender- 
ness compressed into urgency, 
made his “Adieu, Mignon” a 
fitting emblem of his art 

Hilary Finch 


Box Office 01-628 8795/638 8891 


«/>«■<« &.EW S ? q S3 F- r® S.3 


<r It ■* •tf 

Benazir returns from exile to preach revolution 

From Michael Hamlyn 

Miss Benazir Bhutto re- 
turned to Pakistan from exile 
yesterday calling for a revolu- 
tion. and began her campaign 
to oust the military president 
General Zia ul-Haq. by ad- 
dressing perhaps one of the 
biggest political rallies in the 
country's history. 

While in neighbouring In- 
dia, with almost 10 times the 
population and a continuous 
tradition of democratic politi- 
cal activity since indepen- 
dence, vast' political meetings 
are almost commonplace, 
they are almost unheard of in 
Pakistan, which has been 
ruled for most of its 39 years 
by military dictators. 

After taking eight hours to 
inch through the thronged 
streets and highways of La- 
hore, the capital of Punjab, to 
the open space where the huge 
crowd gathered. Miss Bhutto, 
who travelled in a gilded 
throne on the roof of a cab of a 
lorry, told the meeting that 
this was her referendum. 

“1 have three questions," 
she told them. “First, do you 
warn freedom?" “Yes,” roared 
the crowd, which some enthu- 
siasts estimated at two million 
strong. (In fact, not more than 
a quarter of a million could 
have crowded into the open 
space in front of the Pakistan 

“Second , do you want 
democracy?” she asked. 
“Yes.” the crowd yelled. “I 
have one more question,” she 
said. “Do you want General 
Zia to go?” "Yes,” screamed 
the crowd. “Zia out, Zia out, 
Zia out. Zia is a dog, he is." 

The crowd, undisciplined, 
dangerous and uncontrolled, 
swarmed all over the plat- 
forms arranged for party dig- 
nitaries and other important 

urn ;■ 

(Afc.r, :4 . V- 



Excited crowds pack the streets of Lahore to welcome Benazir Bhutto back to Pakistan. 

people, and bathed Miss hoarsely and dramatically, the poor are remembered long 
Bhutto in an emotional wel- “I want a revolution,” she after his corruption and au- 
:ome. Some of the only six said. And she told them: thoritarianism are forgotten. 

prison officers have voted 

overwhelmingly for industrial 

I r ' . ■ 

pi ' 

?£ V- '(,&<•<< 

wmmmm : -i 


people, and bathed Miss 
Bhutto in an emotional wel- 
come. Some of the only six 
hundred women in the vast 
audience were seen in tears. 

She spoke from behind a 
sheet of steel a quarter of an 
inch thick to protect her from 
snipers' bullets, and she prom- 
ised that she would complete 
her father's work or die com- 
pleting it. 

“President Marcos ran away 
from his country because of 
people power, the Govern- 
ment here can see the num- 
bers attending this meeting 
and they too will fly. People 
are power." 

Many of the people now 
revere the name of Miss 

She was emotional herself Bhutto's father, Mr Zulfikar 
in her frank appeal to the Ali Bhutto, who was banged in 

H ' "c, enn am era ting her 
y's sacrifices in the 
people's cause, and spoke 

Rawalpindi jail in April 1979. 
His populist measures aimed 
at providing for the poorest of 

Miss Bhutto, too, indicated 
that she intended to woo the 
poorer classes by offering a 
minimum wage of 1,000 ru- 
pees a month (£50). 

Her foreign policy was indi- 
cated by the hostile anti- 
American remarks of many of 
her supporters.. Another indi- 
cation was the larger-than-life- 
size portrait of Mr Bhutto 
raising the hand of Colonel 
Gadaffi, the Libyan leader, in 
a victory salute. 

' - mi 

: wi 

& V?** 

Miss Bhutto making a V-for- victory sign to her supporters after her arrival yesterday. 

Exchequer set to collect £45m whoever wins fight for Imperial 

By Alison Eadie 

The fate of Imperial Groop, 
the tobacco-based conglomer- 
ate. will be decided this after- 
noon when Britain's biggest 
corporate takeover battle ends 
with the counting of share- 
holders' votes on whether 
control should pass to Hanson 
Trust or United Biscuits. 

The battle draws to a dose 
at 3 pm. By 5 JO, shareholder 
votes will have been counted 
and a winner should emerge. 

The total cost of the contest 

will be around £95 million, 
split between die three 

Hie size of the stake, the 
profits made by advisers and 
strategists — who get paid 
whatever the result — and the 
potential profits available to 
the winner are typical of the 
new brand of takeover now rife 
in the Gty. 

The three-cornered Eight be- 
tween United Biscuits ami 
Hanson Trust for control of 
Imperial Group effectively 
started on December 2 when . 

Imperial and United Biscuits 
tried to merge. The stakes 
have been huh because the 
prize — the Courage beer to 
John Player cigarette group 
valued at £2il billion — is a big 
one that would confer consid- 
erable benefits on the victor. 

A total of £7 million has 
been poured into advertising to 
win die hearts and minds of 
Imperial's shareholders, and 
the armies of professional 
advisers needed to wage the 
battle do not come cheap. 

Whatever the outcome, the 

Chancellor, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
will be lau ghing all the way to 
the bank. Out of total costs for 
the winner of around £65 
million, the Exchequer will 
pick up about £45 mflUon. 

Its rake-off take has been 
increased by Budget measures 
to tax takeovers — Mr Lawson 
imposed Vi per cent stamp 
duty on shares and other forms 
of paper issued in a takeover. 

Before the Budget the 
winner's tax costs womd have 
consisted of capital duty iff 1 
per cent on new shares issued 

and stamp duty of 1 per cent 
both on shares purchased and 
the cash element of the offer, 
coming to £29 mfllioa to £35 
minion. The Budget has added 
ft maximum £14 milli on to 
these costs assuming all 
shareholders take the all- 
paper offer. 

After the Chancellor's cut 
the next largest slice is taken 
by the underwriters — the City 
institutions which agree to 
support the cash element of a 
bid. United Biscuits' under- 
writing until today has cost 

£14 milli on and Hanson's has 
cost £13 million. Whoever 
wins wfll have farther under- 
writing costs as acceptances 
continue to drift in. 

The remaining costs are 
largely advertising and fees. 
Imperial, which has been 
fighting the unwanted Hanson 
offer and argmg its sharehold- 
ers to accept the agreed get- 
together with United Biscuits, 
has spent the most — £33 
million — on advertising. The 
main beneficiaries are 

United Biscuits has spent 
about £2 million and Hanson 
Trust £13 mfflion on advertis- 
ing. A rueful Hanson Trust 
adviser said yesterday that if 
Hanson wins it wiB have to 
pick up the tab for Imperial's 

is more tricky, as such figures 
are confidential, but Hameros, 
the merchant bank advising 
Imperial, wffl get a bonus if its 
dient achieves the result it 

to consult, bitt not to concede 
the right to d ete r mine 

Mr Hurdsaki yesterdaythat 
the management hadcohsis- 
tently said it wanted -to 5a- 
move inflexibilities -in 
working practices. . '• . >{. 

. Prison officer mrinbersyacre 
higher than tl^ey fcad ever bera 
at 18,689; having increasatby 
about 18 percent- (dace 

The options Operf to the 

rule; selective overtime Inns; 
bedding meetings at the gate, 
while leaving a skeleton staffs 
in chaigevor taking actiop on ** 
an institutional ofrcRtatiaJ 


Today's events 

Royal engagements 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother attends a reception for 
Westminster Abbey 'Old 
Choristers’ in the Jerusalem 
Chamber. Westminster Abbey. ; 
12: and then opens the St [ 
Helena Hospice. Colchester, i 

The Princess ofWafcs, Patron 
presents the Cricket Writer’s 
Club Young Cricketer of the 
Year trophy for 1985. Phoenix 
County Ground. Nevil Rd, Brisr 
tol. I US. 

Princess Anne lakes the Sa- 
lute at The Sovereign's Parade, 
Royal Military Academy. Sand- 
hurst 10.30: and later attends a 1 
gala choral concert. Free Trade . 
Hall. Manchester. 7.15. 

Princess Margaret attends a 

concert by the Regensburg Boys 
Choir, London Oratory, 
Brompton R<1 SW3, 5.55. 

The Duke of Kent attends the 
Royal Air Force Benevolent 
Fund anniversary concert. 
Festival Hall. South Bank, SE1. 

Prince Michael of Kent 
presents certificates to those 
who have qualified in Road 
Safety Courses during 1984 and 
1985, RAC Club. Pall MalL 
SW 1.2.30. 

New exhibitions 

Paintings in CHI by Oenoue 
Achcson: The Medici Galleries. 
7 Grafton St. Wl; Mon to Fri 9 
to 5.30 (ends May 1). 

The Calendar Project; Art 
Gallery and Museum. 
Keivmgrove. Glasgow; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends June 
1 ). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,017 


1 Sweeney Todd's customer 
was so distressed (3.2). 

4 Drug of no avaj! after Mac- 
beth's murder (9). 

9 Is seen again to harvest fruit 

10 Officers meet to have a 
drink 15). 

11 Somehow emerging, avoid- 
ing pirate (or perhaps shark) 

12 Comparatively roguish ra- 
dio character? (6). 

14 A parakeet rather than a 
duck (4-4). 

17 Old copper top-hole — but 
the tap's so faulty (8). 

19 Official procedure for the 
pop establishment (6). 

22 Diversions for travellers in 
Kent (10.5). 

24 From Venice, nine subjects 
of a warrior queen (5). 

25 Description of seamen in 
troubled water - all things 
needed on board (9). 

26 Enclose object found in dic- 
tionary but not closely de- 
fined (4-5). 

27 Gold taken from turbulent 
flow' of the river (5). 


1 Box-maker joins eccentric 
governing body (9). 

2 Instruct church 10 support 
temperance beverage (5). 

3 Young Indian's pretence 
about a postal order (7). 

4 Ghost had to appear in The 
Empress of B landings (6). 

Concise Crossword 

5 Financial record shows no 
bid over reserve (S). 

6 Make good waste, replacing 
right eye — £200 (7). 

7 Three notes to start the 
blues and give us the works 

8 Expert’s witticism (5). 

13 Customers elect" perhaps? 
That's about right (9;. - 

35 These stud adjustments 
used to protect furniture (4- 

16 Like the continuing storm 
when a French boy accepts a 
degree (8). 

18 Exact summary before mid- 
September (7). 

20 Beg for quarters with free 
entertainment (7). 

21 Woman, originally retired, 
becomes corrupted (6). 

22 Capita] return in winning 
Victoria Cross (5). 

23 “Summer's — hath all loo 
short a date'(Shakespeare) 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,016 

n n o m . b -h ;a m 
;«iniL^5wsiK ueuss 
» n a a -g- -a 

D (5 :: D . I ' 
S3=3iflla iiilE - i3Q£!i=3IliiJ3El| 
•-g -= (3i'»ra -» m b . 
i -1 (5131 [-5 W! Og . i“0I3E33Sii 
3 •.& ■ • isu . , a : [3 
liBranranras ■. t=nai=is«His 

m ~ g iiv i? - m m 
a’SfeSiJ ■ -IHSilEQEIlE 
nn ■ re-' a ■ jeji 
fcsjBf J [fiHSSOr? I 

Last chance to see 

An and imagery and cari- 
cature in French Politics 1870- 
1986; Fine Art Gallery. 
Nottingham University, 10 to 5. 

Concert by the Orchestra of St 
John's Smith 5q: Queen Eliza- 
beth Hall, South Bank, SE1. 

Amersham Festival: Concert 
by the Thames Chamber Or- 
chestra. St Mary's Church, 
Amersham. Bucks, 8. 

Harpsichord recital by Carole 
Cerasi: St James's, Piccadilly, 
Wl. 1.10. 

Piano recital by Lesley 
Young; St Bride’s. Fleet Su EC4, 

Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra: Middlesbrough Town 
HalL Albert Rd, 7.45. 

Concert by the Scottish Na- 
tional Orchestra; Usher HalL 
Edinburgh. 7.30. 

Talks, lectures and fUms 

Content in American Pop: 
Parody in Modern Art. by 
David Clarke, 1; Howard Hodg- 
kin and Mark Boyle: Journey to 
the Surface of the Earth (film), 
2.30.- The Tate Gallery, 
MiUbank. SWI. 

Ponds and freshwater life, by 
John Wilson: Bailey Mow Pub 
(upstairs), Chiswick High Rd, 
W4. 8.15. 

Paolozzi and the Unknown 
World, by Malcolm McLeod: 
Museum of Mankind, Burling- 
ton Gardens. Wl. I. 

Photography by Fay Godwin; 
Metro pole Arts Centre. Folke- 
stone, 5. 


Slides on the work of Save the 
Children; St Bride's, Fleet Su 
EC4. 1.15. 

Book Fain Haydock Park 
Racecourse. Merseyside, today 
2 to 8. tomorrow 10 to 5. 

Royal Collection 

More than 100 master 
drawings from the Royal Collec- 
tion go on view at the Queen’s 
Gallery. Buckingham Palace, 

The drawings, normally kept 
at Windsor Castle, are the first 
comprehensive selection of such 
works from the collection to be 
shown to the public. The Gal- 
lery is open Tues to Sal 11 to 5. 
Sun 2 to 5. 

Food prices 

With no sign of Spring as yet, 
warming roasts, stews and casse- 
roles are still favourites with 
most cooks. There are notable 
reductions in the price ofbeef in 
many shops. Dewhnrst for 
example have sirloin steak from 
£2.79 a lb, braising steak from 
£1.39 and ground beef from 
£1.49. Sainsbnry have minced 
beef at 88p a lb. pork loin chops 
£1.18, ana New Zealand lamb 
chops reduced to £1.22 for a 
family pack. Fine Fame has 
topside and silverside at £1 .84 a 
lb. Presto have boneless fore- 
quarter of beef at £1.48 a lb, 
pork steaks at £1.44 and loin 
pork joints £1.26. Asda have 
topside and siiverside at £1.79 
and mince at 94p a lb. Marks & 
Spencer has reduced roast and 
boiled ham by 20p a lb to £3.59 
and £3.05 respectively. Safeway 
have New Zealand frozen lamb 
rib chops at £1-19 a lb and loin 
chops at £1.29. Tesco has 
minced beef at 88p a lb and 
braising steak at £1.58. Sejant 
pork chops are 99p a lb and New 1 
Zealand whole leg of lamb 

There is a much wider choice 
of fish in the shops this week 
and prices are down in spite of 
high winds at sea. Best buys 
include large cod fillet £1.73 a lb, 
haddock £1.76. whiting £1.32. 
lemon sole £2.24 and fresh 
mackerel 66p a lb. 

Supplies of many home- 
grown vegetables have been 
affected by the weather and 
cabbages and carrots have suf- 
fered particularly badly. Cauli- 
flowers, which are less than 50p 
each in some shops, leeks 40- 
50p a lb and onions 10-20p a lb 
are all good buys. Salad veg- 
etables are plentiful; celery 30- 
45p a bead. Chinese leaves 45- 
55p a bead, cucumber 15-20p 
each, round lettuce 1 5-20p each, 
icebergs 50-70p and spring on- 
ions 2 5-3 5 p. Tomatoes are 
expensive at 60-80p a lb and of 
variable quality. 

Top Films 

The top box-office fares in Lon- 

1 (1 ) Out of Africa 

2 (- ) Absolute Beginners 

5(3) Clockwise 
6 15 ) Ran 

7(8) Young Shertock Holmes 
and the Pyramid 
of Fear 

8(8) Back to the Future 
9(7) Bambi 
10(0) Mo surrender 
The top fflms In the provinces: 

1 Bambi 

2 Clockwise 

3 Out of Africa 

4 Young Sherlock Holmes and 
the Pyramid of Fear 

5 Commando 

SiqM by Sown MamMontf 

Top video rentals 

1 (1 ) Return of the Jedi 
2(2) PoUca Academy 2: Their 1st 

3(3) Brewster's MOfons 

4(4) Rambo: Fast Blood 2 

5(5 Mask 

6(11 Rad Sonia 

7(6 i Ghostbusters 

8(7 Gremlins 

g(8j Bkdy 

10(10) Beverly HOs Cop 
Supplied by v**aBix*ms 




An anticyclone wiU per- 
sist to the W of Ireland. 
Weak troughs of low 
pressure will move S 
across most places. 

London, SE. central S, SW En- 
gland, Channel Islands: Bright or 
sunny intervals, some rain or drizzle 
in places later, wind NW moderate; 
max temp 9C (48f) 

REcflands, E, centnri 




High Tides 

The pound 

Australia S 2-lfiS 2.025 

AutmaSdi 24.80 23JSJ 

Mgftm Ft 72JQ 68.70 

Canadas 2-11 2Jn 

Denmark Kr 1109 1139 

Roland Wdc BUS 7.60 

Frame Fr 1125 10.70 

Germany Dm 154 136 

Greece Dr 236-00 216-00 

Hong Kong S 11.70 11J» 

MsndP! 1.17 1.11 

ttatyUrs 242000 2300-00 

Japan Yen 274JM 260X0 

NoOmtaocbGid 139 100 

Norway Kr 11.10 10-55 

Portugal Esc 234X0 219X0 

South Africa Rd 4X0 ISO 

Spain Pta 223X0 211X0 

Sweden Kr 11.19 10.64 

Switzeriand Fr 2X6 2X1 

USAS 1X27 1.457 

Yugoslavia Dnr 550X0 510X0 

Rates for small denomination tank notes 
arty as suppfted by Barclays Bank PuC. 
Retail Price Index: 381.1 

London The FT index dosed uo 25 0 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Disabled 
Persons (Services. Consultation 
and Representation) Bill, 
remaining stages. 








Births: James Parkinson, 
physician, discoverer of the 
disease named after him and 
founder of the Geological Soci- 
ety. London 1 755: Ceorge Can- 
ning, foreign secretary 1822-27, 
prime minister 1827. London, 
1 770; Sir Charles Haiti, pianist, 
conductor and founder of the 
orchestra of that name, Hagen, 
Germany 1819. 

Deaths: Ltywelyn Ap 
Iorwerth. Prince of Wales, 
Criccieth. 1340; Charles Reade, 
novelist and dramatist, London, 
1884; Sir Gerald Do Manner, 
actor-manager. London. 1934 

American Civil War began, 

Lighting-up time 




















8 46 













8 48 

B 46 









Sun Rain 


. Ins 



C: rr 
a 46 










.6 48 



e 43 



7 4S 

. SJ ' 


8 40 



7 45 


"7 45' 



6 43 




-4- as 



X 43 



3 37 


7 45 


7 45 


8 48 


& 43 

’ IX 

4 39 


5 41; 

. 03. 

5 41 


5 «r 

. 0.4 



4 38 

Snow reports 

Depth Conditions Weather 

(cm) Off Runs to (5pm) 

L U Piste Piste resort - °C 


St Anton 50 360 good heavy good snow 0 

Heavy snow faffing afl day 


^ Pjggng . __ 160 . 250 fair varied fair fog 3 

Good skiing stril possible 

In ftw above reports, supplied by representatives of the SW Club of Great 

Britain. L refers to lower slopes and U to upper, and art to artificial 




Fall in pound and oil ‘will 
cut jobless by 250,000’ 

Evered bid 
iiot likely’ 

^Analysts bdieve Evered 
Holdi n gs,; the engineering 
group revitalized by die Abd- 
ullah brothers, Raschid and 
Osman, has abandoned pfahe 
to bid- for themucb- larger. TI 
Group, best blown for brand 
nameslike Grcda, New World/ 
and Raleigh. 

Evered is now. showing- a. 
£16 million profit on its-stare 
stake in TI, wtfichwith con- 
ceit parties stands at just 
above 20 percent, and is being 
tipped to sell it while market 
conditions last 

Yesterday, . Evened reported 
a 129 'per cent rise in pretax 
profits to £7i8 million for last 
year and said it was kfokfog 
for a 25 per cent increase this 
year, implying - profits, of 
around £10.5 mufion. 

The group’s stores finished 
1 8p higher at 308p. 


Hannah Ofl .has sdd its 
B ahamas -- oil iwmiiBil (O 
American interests for Si 

bon rind up to $10 
deferred Tempos, page 19 

RFD rebuff 

The fefl in crfl prices and the 
exchange rate since last au- 
tumn deady hearts die Brit- 
ish eoonomy. according to the 
Bank' of England. - 

In special simulations in its 
Quarterly Bulletin published 
yesterday,' the: Bank suggests 
that 4he;recent fell in both oil 
and the pound combine to 
lower its forecast for unem- 
ployment by over a quarter of 

- The Bard; based iis calcula- 
tions on a fall in the oil price of 

just under $12 a barrel since 
tast-autunii^ together with a 9 
per <^tfefl fosterling’s trade- 
weighted exchange rate — 
although the pound has in feet 
risen slightly since these simu- 
laticms were carried oul 
Growth in national output is 
fe. per cent higher than it 
would have been in 1986, and 
a foil 1 per cent higher in 1987. 
Inflation is between K and % 
per cent lower than it would 
have been. ; . 

Tbe' reduction in inflation 
and' the increase in output are 
greater in other industrial 

By Sarah Hogg, Economics Editor 

economies, whose price levels 
may be as much as 3 per cent 
lower than they would other- 
wise have been after the effects 
have fed through, according to 
the Bank. 

However, it points out that 
both consumers and the com- 
pany sector (excluding the off 
companies) benefit from a 
combination of lower prices 
and improved competitive- 
ness. The Bank also argues 
that over the longer term, the 
United.- Kingdom “should 
probably be regarded as a net 

importer of oil**, and that the 
long-term effect of lower oil 
prices is favourable. It says 
that the ratio of oil reserves to 
oil consumption in Britian is 
very much lower than for the 
Oigmrzation of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries — “in- 
deed it is lower than for the 
world as a whole”. 

In its assessment, the Bank 
suggests that the monetary 
conditions had improved con- 
siderably just before tbe Bud- 
get, and it indicated yesterday 
that its view had not been 

Bank signals restraint 

The Bank of England yes- 
terday took the o p p ortuni ty of 
a £500 million shortage in the 
money markets to signal re- 
straint in the headlong down- 
ward rash of interest rates 
before a Anther cut in hank 
base rates. 

It refused to allow discount 
bouses to tender for bills and. 
lent seven-day deposits at 
11.75 per cent in the afternoon 

The dollar was weak 
thr ou gh o ut as US interest 
rates continued to dip, but the 
pound strengthened against 
most currencies, supported by 
firmer ofl prices and a techni- 
cal market reaction from 
Wednesday’s Galls. It finished 
20 points op at $1.4630 and at 
DM3.4142. The sterling 
trade-weighted -index rose 0.1 
to 75.9. 

^awson predicts another cut 
in worldwide interest rates 

£21.9 million 
Wanfle Storey, the plastic 
sheet man ufa ct ur er , as “op- 
portunistic and inadequate'”. 

John Laing, the budding 
company, lifted profits '.from 
£30.3 ijufliem to £34.1 million 
before tax- in the year to 
December 31,' Turnover was 
up foots £804 miflion to £817 
ntillidn and the told dividend 
is7p r iip from 6p. 

■- T«mptej#tge 19: 

Mowlem up 

John Mpwtem, the labora- 
tory equipmouandbufldipg 
company, lifted profits from- 
£10.6 ntiffiba to £13.1 million 
before tax in the year to 
December 31. Turnover rose 
from £380 million to £414 
mtflioiL The total dividend is 
up from 1 1.9p to 14p. 

.... Tempos, page 19 

Ontario *no* 

An Ontario supreme court 
judge rejected a request by 
Olympia and York Develop- 
ments for an. injunction ■ to 
block Hiram Walker _■ Re- 
sources from selling its liquor 
business to Aliied-Lyons for 
Can$2.6 billion (£1.3 billion). 

Bid extended 

Volvo, • the Swedish car 
group, . has extended the offer 
period for W Sonesson -to 
April 21. 

Shares rush 

Applications for stores in 
River and Mercantile Geared 
Capital Trust closed yesterday 
oversubscribed. The basis of 
allocation will be announced 
today. - 

PR breach 

Tbe Institute bf .Pnbfic.Re- 
lations says that Miss Mau- 
reen Smith, forma: deputy 
chairman of Good Relations, 
breached the institute's code 
of professional conduct when 
she sold her shares in GR 
without informing the board. 
She has resigned from the 



KE jSSs 1780.77(42.15) 

SS£ Dow — . 152EL57 (+93*9) 

Sydney: AO 1175.6 (+4144 

SmSSw* 2164-61-295) 

XSjS* 61801-1.92) 

SSCA C 370Jf-&6) 

SKAGensral 524.70 (sains) 

From Bailey Morris 

There will be another 
worldwide cut in interest rates 
.before the tod of the year, Mr 
' Nigel Lawson, the Chancellor, 
said yesterdayFrance or the 
US wax expected to lead the 

Mr Lawson was speaking 
after high level meetings of the 
Group of five industrialized 
- nations at the Interim Com- 
mittee of the In ternational 

Monetary Fund. 

: He said that there was 
agreement among the largest 
nations thaT there should be 
another cut in interest rates. 

The Chancellor said he 
could not say when the cuts 
would occur but he expected 
rales to be reduced by the end 
, of the year. ‘The trend is 
.down,** he said. • 

Mr Lawson said that Mr 
James Baker, US Treasury 
Secretary, was. keen to see 
'Another rare cat similar to the 
one orchestrated al the recent 
London meeting iff the G5 

' “Most others fed there is 
-scope for xooTe rate 
reductions,” he said. 

Elders IXL 
steps into 
BHP battle 

Rom Tony Dobondin 
. Melbourne 

Elders IXL yesterday ac- 
quired 16.6 per cent ofBrokcu 

HiU . Proprietary when it 

stepped into the takeover 
battle for Australia’s largest 
company. It was the biggest 
single day of trading Austra- 
lian stock markets have seen. 

Elders was expected to con- 
tinue buying BHP shares in 
London up to the limit of 19.9 
per cent after which the com- 
pany- must make a- formal 
takeover offer. 

More than 200 miflion BHP 
shares, worth approximately 
A us$I,500 miflion (about 
£750 million), changed hands. 
The price of its shares went up 
by as much as 80 cents before 
dosing at about $730 on the 
Melbourne and Sydney slock 

Elders recently sold its hold- 
ing in Allied Lyons, the British 
food and drinks group, with a 
profit of$250 miflion. Brokers 
have speculated that the com- 
pany might have used lines of 
credit established for the Al- 
lied Lyons bid to finance 
yesterday’s buying. 

Mr Lawson at the 
Washington meeting 

Mr Lawson said there was 
general agreement among the 
largest nations that the yen 
must appreciate further 
against other currencies. This 
was despite Japan's recent 
statements that it would inter- 
vene in currency markets to 
hold the yen at present levels. 

“Everybody with the excep- 
tion of foe Japanese feds the 
yen must go higher.** Mr 
Lawson said, adding that 
Japan's huge trade surplus and 

F H Tomkins bids 
£178m for Pegler 

FH Tomkins, the fast- 
growing industrial conglomer- 
ate, has launched an ambi- 
tious £178 million all-paper 
bid for Peg] er-Hatimley, 
which, if successful, wfllmore 
than double the group’s size. 

Fegler-Hattersley, a manu- 
facturer of industrial valves, 
put out a statement saying the 
bid was unsolicited and share- 
holders should take no action. 
It did not go as far as rejecting 
the bid. 

Unusually feu the bidding 
company, Tomkins's shares 
shot up 39p to a record 310p 
yesterday as the stock market 
took a favourable view of the 
bid. Fegleris shares also rose 
sharply to 560p, up 88p. 
Tomkins has a 3.7 per cent 
stake in Pegler, acquired since 
the end of January. 

Mr Greg Hutchings, the 
ambitious 39-year-old chief 
executive of Tomkins, is hop- 
ing Pegler will agree to his 
takeover approach, which he 
prefers to see as a merger. 

The logic of the bid Kes in 
tbe similar nature of the two 
businesses, Mr Hutchings 
said, although companies 

By Alison Eadie 

e last- bought by Tomkins are run as 
Bloater- autonomous units. 

ambi- Pegler and Tomkins are 
Q-paper both industrial bolding com- 
tterdey, parties in mature, low technol- 
iUmore ogy products. Mr Hutchings 
ssize. believes Tomkins’s style of 
manu- management, which gives 
valves, managers good incentives and 
ring the indepradence combined with 
1 store- financial controls from the 
action, centre and cash to invest,, 
meeting would benefit Pegler’s busi- 

bidding P? 6 * 5*°*? 

Jmrrc been unexciting with taxable 

profits in the year to March 
30. 1985. of £18.1 million 
showing only a marginal - im- 
provement over the previous 
two years and still lower than 
peak profits made in 1977. 

Tomkins has forecast its 
pretax profits in the year to 
May 3. 1986, at not less than 
£7.1 million, more than dou- 
ble the £3.5 million made the i 
previous year. A 44 per cent 
increase in earnings per share 
is also forecast. 

Tomkins has grown from 
being a small West Midlands 
nuts and bolts manufacturer 
to a company capitalized at 
£125 million » 

the record US budget deficit 
remained the big blights on 
the world economy. 

He said the tinting of the 
interest rate cut could not be 
pinpointed because the na- 
tions representing the domi- 
nant currencies will take stock 
of their own situations and 
then consult with other central 
banks before making a move. 

There is no scope, he said, 
for further rate reductions in 
Britain at the present largely 
because of the experience over 
the four weeks since the 
Budget was unveiled. He said 
UK short-term interest rates 
had dropped by IK per cent 
since then. 

Mr Lawson also said that no 
decision had been taken on 
whether to allow Italy and 
Canada to join the Group of 
Five. - 

• New research into private 
share ownership has shown 
that the number of individual 
shareholders .in Britain has 
risen from 7 to 14 per cent of 
tbe adult population since 
1979, the Chancellor said last 
night in his speech to the 
Economic Gub of New York. 

changed by this week's money 

Rapid growth in sterling M3 
was regarded as a one-month 
aberration, although it did 
oblige the Bank to demon- 
strate caution on interest rates 
yesterday. But it remains of 
the view that the international 
interest rate climate has be- 
come more favourable, and 
that this reflects the improved 
prospects for inflation more 
than concerted efforts by fi- 
nance ministers to bring rates 

However, the Bank admits 
that the past rise in real 
interest rates has not discour- 
aged the growth of borrowing, 
which his increased rapidly 
since the early 1980s. 

The Bank’s view of the oil 
market is that the level of 
output overhanging the it 
"would seem to preclude any 
ray significant recovery in 
prices" unless there is some 
- interruption to supply. 

New ideas, page 20 

bid tactics 

By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

The merchant banking ad- 
viser of Standard Chartered 
Bank, J Henry Schroder Wagg, 
said yesterday that it was 
complaining to the Takeover 
Panel about the behaviour of 
Lloyds Bank over its bid for 

Mr Nicholas Jones, a direc- 
tor of Schroder, said Lloyds 
was making it impossible for 
an orderly market in Standard 
stores to exist on the stock 

He said: “The Takeover 
Panel has a duty to prevent the 
creation of a false market in 
shares during bid battles and 
to stop misleading statements 
being made to shareholders or 
the stock, market So far 
Lloyds has broken all these 
rules by not saying whether or 
not h is going to make a 
formal bid." 

Mr Brian Pitman said yes- 
terday that Lloyds would be 
making no decisions on 
whether or not to bid until it 
had seen the annual report 
and accounts of Standard 
which are due to come out on 

Mr Jones told the Takeover 
Panel that Lloyds had made 
misleading statements about 
its intentions towards 

“Mr Pitman has said that 
Lloyds was looking at Stan- 
dard as a possible takeover 
target for some years, but that 
conflicts with other state- 
ments from Lloyds that it had 
only recently decided to bid 
fin* the bank. Lloyds also said 
that it would make a formal 
bid by the end of this week but 
now it says it will not," Mr 
Jones said. 

PR firms call 
off merger 

Merger talks have been 
called off between Good Rela- 
tions, and Valin Pollen, the 
two quoted public relations 
groups. The decision comes a 
few days after the companies 
welcomed the proposed £40 
million merger because of the 
advantages for both. But last 
night they said the it was not 
feasible at present. 

Good Relations shares, sus- 
pended at 176p. will resume 
dealings today. The chairman, 
Mr Tony Good, denied the 
breakdown had been caused 
by any financial problems. . 


Grand M 


pgmms $: DM2.3305 
* mdox: 119.6 

I ** 261*88 ECU E 0 .K 1191 
§KKc7Sfl SDR £0.775173 

Oxford Inst _ 

Evered ; 

Utd Scientific . 
McKechnie _ 


Wm Baird u. 
Ebinhafi. __ 
Hunting Pet 




Smiths Ind _ 

Merchant banks fall behind 
in the City salaries league 


348p (-14) 
29lp (-13} 
....... 76Sp(-2$) 

London: ' • 


Uj^SSwEa-’ . • • ' CdmexS33A2D-338.70 . 

Some of tbe traditional mer- 
chant hanks and pension funds 
have fallen behind in the City 
salary stakes and are valnera- 
ble to losing staff in the rnn-up 
to big bang, according to a 
survey of City earnings and 
benefits by Coopers & 
Lybrand Associates, the man- 
agement consultants, pub- 
lished yesterday. 

The surrey of jobs in capital 
markets, corporate finance, 
tbe gilts market and invest- 
ment manag ement confirmed 
the upward pressure on sala- 
ries and benefits over the past 
! year and a shift towards 
! performance-related' remuner- 
ation packages. 

But it revealed considerable 
variations in earnings for simi- 
lar jobs. British houses tended 
to be among the lowest payers 
white US and Japanese invest- 
ment banks were the most 
generous. Coopers & Lybrand 
gave, a .wanting that some 
organizations “have a lot of 

By Teresa Foele 

catching up to do to stay in the 

Tbe highest earnings were 
found among beads of depart- 
ments in the capital markets 
where the figure for more than 
60 per cent was above 
£10QjM)0. Among syndication 
specialists, who arrange for a 
Eurobond issue to be muter- 
written, 57 per cent at the most 
senior levels earned more than 
£150,000, compared with 36 
per cent In Eurobond trading. 

Outside the capital markets 
the highest salaries, measured 
in terms of the proportion 
earning more than £100,000 at 
director level, were mergers 
and acquisition specialists (41 
percent) and heads of gilts (40 
per cent). Tbe lowest were 
heads of investment manage- 
ment (25 per cent) and corpo- 
rate administration directors 
(11 per cent). 

A high proportion of jobs 
surveyed attracted sane form 
of bonus, with this element as 

high as 78 per cent for swaps* 
specialists, who match one 
client’s bond needs with 

Some of the participating 29 
banks, securities bosses, in- 
surance companies and pen- 
sion funds were willing to offer 
substantial lump sums to re- 
cruit and retain staff. These 
“golden hellos** reached six- 
figure sums in cases where 
partnership interests were 
bought oat. 

In one case a graduate 
straight from university was 

offered a £2,000 initial pay- 
ment Mr Geof Francis, at the 
Oxford University Appoint- 
ments Committee, said yester- 
day that the average starting 
salaries in the City for gradu- 
ates in the capital markets 
were from £12.000 to £16.000. 

The Big Bang: Earnings and 
Benefits of Key Specialists. Price 
£350. From Graham Johnson. 
Gropers & Lybrand Associates. 
Plum tree Court. London EC4A 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Almost the final 
solution for JMB 

Disposing of Johnson Matthey Bank- 
ers was never going to be the clean 
operation the Bank of England 
always insisted it was. 

After one or two minor disposals, 
the main element in the return of 
JMB to the private sector was 
initialled yesterday, when Westpac, 
the ambitious Australian group, 
agreed to pay about £40 million for 
the basic bullion and banking busi- 
nesses of JMB, giving its Mase- 
Westpac subsidiary a seat in the 
London gold dealing ring for a £17 
milli on premium over net assets 

Notably, however, Westpac has 
not bought the book of bad and 
doubtful debts that brought JMB to 
disaster, parent Johnson Matthey 
group to its knees and the Bank of En- 
gland to its biggest crisis since the 
secondary bank failure of 1973-74. 

Those doubtful debts ruled out a 
clean sale, because none of the 40 
banks which expressed an interest 
wanted to take on the interminable 
process of litigation both against and 
on behalf of JMB that has grown up 
as the Bank of England has tried to re- 
cover the money. 

In any case, as the men at the Bank 
now concede, there is an unhappy 
logic about treating the hunt for the 
missing millions as a separate opera- 
tion, more akin to a liquidation than 
to the running of perfectly viable 
continuing businesses. 

These rough edges mean that it is 
still not possible to draw a line under 
the total cost of the whole affair. It ap- 
pears that JMB as it existed when the 
crisis broke in October 1984 has lost 
about £220 million out of its nominal 
loan book of £480 million. 

Most of those losses have already 
been taken by the former parent 
company, Johnson Matthey, which 
lost its investment of perhaps £120 
milli on and was forced to chip in a 
further £70 million for the privilege 
of ditching the whole operation into 
the hands of the Bank of England. 
Since then, the state, via the Bank, 
has effectively put up £1 39 million in 
terms of new capital and indemnities 
with outside banks — including the 
other members of the gold ring who 
welcomed Mase- Westpac in place of 
JMB yesterday — having had a 
further £25 million called-in indem- 

The Bank of England eventually 
hopes to clear its controversial capital 
injection, which so embarrassed 
Nigel Lawson in May last year, and 
perhaps to lose only its £25 million 
share of the excess loss indemnities. 
The costs in terms of Bank of 
England time and its political status 
as a result of the affair are 

Even that assumes that the Bank 
will realize the £25 million written 
down value of the remaining doubt- 
ful loans. This looks realistic, given 
the highly professional way that 
David Walker, JMB chairman, and 
his Bank colleagues have approached 
tbe problem and the successes made 
in recoveries, 

JMB’s commodity and other busi- 
nesses in the United States have still 
to be sold. These could make £25 

million to add to the £7 million 
already raised from minor sales. And 
there is always that lawsuit against 
JMB's auditors which the Bank of 
England remains anxious to pursue. 

Westpac seems to have a good deal, 
gaining a business with £900 million 
of gross assets and a seat at the gold 
ring that is particularly valuable for 
its existing international bullion busi- 
nesses. Westpac will inject a further 
£30 million into the new Mase- 
Westpac and use that name in the 
gold ring. 

So the name of JMB will eventually 
disappear from commerce. It will 
always remain painfully engraved 
into the history of the City 

Tax relief in a mess 

There was such an immediate wel- 
come for the Chancellor's Budget 
initiative in creating personal equity 
plans to avoid tax on share income 
and capital gains, that this further 
expansion of the monstrous variety 
ofi tax concessions on different forms 
of saving has gone relatively 

John Kay, retiring director of the 
Institute of Fiscal Studies, has now 
brought the subject back into the 
arena of discussion at the institute's 
post-Budget conference. 

Since we now have some special 
regime of fiscal privilege for so many 
forms of saving, he reasons, Britain 
effectively has a bastard form of the 
expenditure tax recommended in the 
IFS Meade report on taxation of 
income, with which Mr Kay was 
closely associated. There is some 
truth in this, even though the 
introduction of personal equity plans 
and the Business Expansion Scheme 
for new capital in unquoted compa- 
nies has been balanced by sharply 
reduced tax incentives for investing 
via life insurance. 

Had the Chancellor not been 
tricked by the pension industry into 
dropping attacks on its concessions 
(when many pension fends have 
turned out to be rolling in surpluses), 
these changes might have formed 
some coherent plan to redirect in- 
centives from institutional to per- 
sonal investment 

In the event as Mr Kay correctly 
argues, we now have an unholy mess 
of concessions, rules and time limita- 
tions to qualify for tax reliefs. 

“What we need”, argues Mr Kay, 
“is a single coherent regime to apply 
to all these different kinds of saving; 
and there can be little doubt that it is 
pension fending that provides the 
model, as the US has established.” 

Mr Kay wants a full-blown expen- 
diture tax. Short of that if the 
superior concessions presently en- 
joyed by institutional pension fends 
are to stay, they should surely be 
generalized for personal investment 
of savings. A flexible method was 
outlined in the proposal by Lord 
Vinson and Philip Chappell for 
personal investment pools or PIPS. 
Nigel Lawson appropriated the 
mechanism but produced in his PEPs 
a half-hearted Whitehall compromise 
that adds to the complexities rather 
than starting to sweep them away. 



Group results for the year ended 31 December 1985 

1985 1984 

£000 £000 

Turnover 539,350 503,101 

Profit on ordinary activities before tax 26,126 24,22; 

Profit on ordinary activities after tax 19,697 17,16£ 

Profit before extraordinary items 18,242 14,672 

Extraordinary items (8,640) (1,102 

Profit for the financial year 9,602 13,572 

Dividends 5,487 4.832 

Profit retained 4,115 8.74C 

Earnings per orefinary share: 

Before extraordinary items 29 .2p 25.f 

After extraordinary items 15.2p 23.1 

The accoums aoeve are abridged veretons ol the audiec accounts lor which me reports ct Jhe auditors ne'e uncuaJtea 
The U»5aceoi«s Med with iheRegssraftM Companies in due course Ctonpaiatnie figures for 1964 nave oeen 


* Pre-tax profits increased in a difficult 

* Total dividend increased by 6.25% 

* Improvements in most operations 

* Strong balance sheet will complement 
prospects for future growth 


Cheadle Heath, Stockport, Cheshire SK3 0RT 

Process Rant Contracting: Engineering Sen/ices: Food Engineering: 
Manufacturing: Merchanting and Storage; Oil Services 






New York (Agencies) - 
Stock s made a strong advance 
yesterday afternoon m a rally 
led by smiarodncior, money 
centre bank and tobacco 

Speculation that the dis- 
count rate may be cw lent 
support, erasing any negative 
fnflgence from recovering ©H, 
traders said. 

Thee Dow Jones indnstrial 

average rose 15.68 to dose at 

There were 1,082 issues 
advancing, 528 declining and 
428 unchanged. Volume to- 
talled 185360.000 yesterday 
compared with 156350,000 on 

The New York Stock Ex- 
change mdex was op 139 to 
136.42. The average price per 
share increased 42 cents. 




AMd Siena) 
Atari Strs 
Am Brands 
Am Brdcast 
Am Con 
Am Express 
Am Home 
Am Hospital 
Am Motors 
Armco Start 



BsatroaFOs #9* 













































48 Vi 













8e«ft Start 
















Clark I . . 
Coca Cola 

Bg Warner 
Bnst Myers 

Burl ton tnd 37% 
Builton Ntn 69% 
Can Pad He 
Central SW 
Chase Man 
ChmBkNY 54% 
Chevron 38% 
Chrysler 42% 

Colgate 38 

CBS 137% 
CftnttaGas 39 
Cnfctn Eng 34% 
ComwUhEd 33% 
Cons Ettas 42% 
Cn Nat Gas 48 
Cons Power 13% 
CnErtDam 22% 
Coming £3 81% 

CPC Inti 62 

Crane 46% 

Cm Zener 44% 
DartS Kraft 52% 
Deere 33% 
Delta Air 42% 
Deere* Ed 18% 
Digital Eq 166% 
Disney *G” 
DowChem 50% 
Dresser mo 19% 
Duke Power 40% 
DuPont 71'/. 
Eastern Air 6% 
Estm Kodak 59% 
Eaton Com 72% 
Emerson El 89% 
Evans Prod n/a 

54 '.1 
201 % 










22 % 



















Exxon Cera SS% 
fed Dpi Sts 79% 
Rrestone 3S% 
FstOacago 32% 
FstWBncp 62% 



GTE Com 
Gen Carp 







GenDy'mcs 86% 


Gen Inst 

Gen Mta - - 

Gan Motors 85% 
GnPbUtny 19% 
Geneeco 3 
Georgia Pac 33% 



L.T.V. Corp 

• Era* ■ Aston e Es maibuson 

hie 24% 
Grace 51% 

GtAtt&Tac 33% 
Gr'hnd 35% 
GrumanCor 28% 
Gulf & West 60 
Heinz HJ. 40% 
Hercules 46% 
H-ietNPknJ 42% 


_ -■ 65% 

Inland Steel 22% 
IBM 150% 

miHarvtr n/a 
INCO 15% 

IntPaper 57% 
HTrtTei 45% 
Irving Bank 53 
Jhnsn&Jhn 61% 
KrtserAJun 22% 
Karr McGee 27 
KmbtyClrk 84% 
Marl 45% 

, 27 

ManH'nver 56 

Marine Mid _ _ 
Mrt Marietta 42% 
Masco 56% 
McDormel 86% 
Mead 49 
Merck 165’. 
MmstaMng 98 
Mobil Oil 29% 
Monsanto 61% 
Morgan J.P. 83 
Mrtoroia 45% 
NOT Corp 44% 
NLhidstrs 14 
Nat DisOrs 43% 
Nat Med 6m 24% 
NalSmcndt 13% 
Norfolk Sth 90% 
NWBancrp 36% 
OcodntPM 26% 
Ogden 30'4 
OfanCore 4054 
Owens-U 74 
Pac Gas El 22% 
Pan Am 6% 
Penney J.C. 68 
Pennzod 55% 




























22 % 


















22 % 



























12 % 







22 % 








PPG hid 
RCA Corp 
RynkJs Met 

>al Dutch 

Sara Lee 



Scon Paper 
Sears Rbcfc 
Shea Trans 


Sth tel Ed 

Sperry Corp 
Sid Oil Otto 
Sterling Dm 

Stevens JP 
Texas ECor 
Texas Inst 
Texas Utils 
TRW Inc 
UAL Inc 
Un Carbide 
Un Pac Cor 
Utd Brands 
US Steel 
Utd Techno! 
Jim Walter 
Welts Fargo 
Xerox Corp 














37 U 








21 % 





















20 % 


22 % 





66 % 



10 % 















21 % 





























74 M 

AbidDt n/a 

AJcnAfum n/a 
AigomaStl n/a 
BA Tela n/a 
Can Pacific n/a 
Comlnco n/a 
ConBattvst n/a 
Guff OJ n/a 
Hkr/SidCan n/a 
Hdsn P Mm n/a 
Irnasoo n/a 
imperial 04 n/a 
to Pipe n/a 
Mass-Pem n/a 
Ryl Trustee n/a 
“ ram n/a 
Co ri/a 
ThmsnN "A - n/a 
Wtkr Hiram n/a 
VVCT n/a 

CVS iMrackBri ifieTSe »sa» sp*. i Tralrc jure***) 

Bxf OfW Cnng VU 


SO. hdcemursl Re. Bcumomoutfi BH8 UAL 

CMS 717373 (Lmtone) 

Gil ft Food 




9 IS 

H-yi he Equry 





WorUwrie fldnd 

177 6 




Amenean Growth 





Aban Pacific 





Aunts ! Earns 





Crons! Reserve 




Conn ft Energy 





European Capoi 


91 2# 






+1 1 




>0 4 


UK Growth me 


96 9# 








us Emergmg Co s 
EOOTAS Prograss 














Aitofl Ditottor Centre Swmdon SN1 IEL 
0793 610355 4 0793 28291 

fir* Tnar 

Growth & income 
Cawal Trust 

i T* 
Ecuty Income 
H«Jh You 
Govt Sea Trait 

Japan ftno 
Pacific Trust 
Ainei Spd Sex 
Secs Of Anne TV 
Ato Asset value 
G41 Growth 
Enutor Co's 
2nd Smafer Ctfs 
Recovery Trim 
Mot Mm S Croflty 
O sew Earwigs 
Tecnnotogv Tv 
Income E*emp1 

2302 2*52# 
1304 14740 
2307 254 2* 
373 6 397.9 
564.1 600.7 
306 329 
2534 2692* 
1384 147 4 
146 4 1559c 
305 31. Be 
750 80 7 
8*5 921 

144 J 153.7 
650 6926 
206 7 2201 
2312 2462 
380 405# 
1142 1222 
1522 1822# 
B0.B 802# 
82.8 802 
1019 2044 
90 8 96 7# 
1204 13*1 

+08 112 
+0.7 108 
+1 5 227 
+18 195 
+52 192 
4 10 
40.4 4 82 

+1.3 4.87 
+02 522 
-0.1 9 0S 
-02 1 10 
+0.7 001 
+00 1 16 
-02 1.18 
+1.1 071 
-06 108 
-05 2.79 
+01 260 
+0.1 147 
-02 117 
. 124 

+10 190 
+0.1 Q33 
+02 522 
+0.4 2.77 
-01 127 

Emma Smaller Cos 2177 2308# 

USA Esampt Trim 32*9 34&6# 
131. Prxtwry Pavement. Lonoon EC2A 1AV 
01-628 8876 01-280 8540/1/2/3 
Caoral Growth me 591 632 
66 0 7*6 
113 7 1216# 

60S 65.1# 

60« M2 
516 542 
HI 692 
75.7 BOS 
1752 1874 

toon YMd toocma 742 792# 

Dp Accum 1911 205 4# 

712 76 1 
677 714 
560 81.1 
27.9 23.BW 
6* 6 94 7# 

Do ACCum 
Exswn > W 
finance C Property 
Gdt 6 RjM mcorna 
Dp Accum 
Equav heome 
Dp Accum 
i YMd toeema 
i Accum 
Ml Accoti 
0D 5% vmorrt 
Managed Fund 
prelnmnce In — 

DO Accum 
Smaler Co a Accum 134S 1442 
WorM Penny Snare 9* 102 
PortWn Tv UR 

Portfofto Tv Japan 
PorttoW Ta US 
Ponfoto Ta Europe 
Ptrtofio TV HK 


« 1221 
i Ex l«3l 

« 1311 
Pens ma 
Pera UK 

loome Gntnti 


791 81.9 
811 65.0 
711 74 7 

990 i(H5 
3*0 392 

226 6056) 
122 2 
209 S# 
149 4 
172 2 

305 7 
114 8 

+07 1.67 
♦06 127 
-15 OSS 
*09 OSS 
+01 223 
-ttl 789 
-05 729 
+04 424 
♦19 424 
-0.1 7 JO 
-02 7 70 
-04 143 
-04 laj 
+02 .. 

. 1**3 
-02 129 
+0.7 157 
+1 B 010 
•02 106 
-OS 010 
+01 0.10 




+02 053 
+1 1 1 65 
-00 491 

♦IS 000 
+02 155 


25128 Atoermane sweet London wix 4AD 

01-491 0295 

Amattcan 499 834 +02 *22 

Austrtfan 19 7 21 1 +0.1 275 

Japan 8 General 815 893 +1 0 018 

Han Income 452 4*8 -01 739 

MematorM Tiuv 716 7*8 +02 

Income GUI Tsl 499 53 4 +01191 

Gita 8 fixed M 6*6 732# +04 *58 

GUMi Mamets 36 a 39 4# +02 1 60 

Soecal SHuascna 4SS 49.1 +02 125 

Umcrm House. 252. Rpmiard Rd E7 
01-534 5544 

US 921 *0 4 226 

1415 ISIS -OB 174 

101.7 108 I +05 1 74 

71 7 752 +0.4 289 

434 4 462 ie -17 387 

74 2 7*s# -02 5.16 
23*5 251 5 -0 5 2 95 

251 0 277 6# -12 307 
1405 1494# +07 3.83 

562 566# 822 

1311 140 5# -02 D 44 

1338 142 1# -02 044 

1625 194 i# +1.4 241 
335 .0 3562 +1 4 3.45 

889 360 . isi 

139 8 148 7 -12 238 

1883 200 3 -13 2.51 

1104 1174 +06 Iffi 

513 545 -0 3 *79 

5' 0 542 -03 0.79 

1442 1533 +11 111 

-11 317 
-14 317 

Aust Aecmn 
Op Income 
1.-MW TruM 
Em mconw 


Gw 6 fixed me 
Japan 8 Gen me 

GnMWi A«cun 
UKOme Tiust 
Leave Trim 

Seem Saumoni 

Trustee Fund 
Un* Tech Accum 
Do Income 
Wcrtownoe Trial 

BTniw Fund Acc 338 5 349 a e 
D o Inc 215 4 2291c 

PO Box 156. Boexennam. Kem BR3 4X0 
01-658 9002 

Eousy meomB 

QrttotP 6 me 
Jcfan Spenl 

Juan Sunftte 
Fuel Europe 
first Japan 
first N Amor 
fVv SnvtAer Co' 5 


I* Fe n ch u rtfi SL Lveton *C3 
01-823 BOOO 

Planned Vw 130 0 137 7 +09 1 Bl 

EurtXWi me 65 4 83 6 +t 7 1 Ji 

Dp Accum 1040 1096 +2i fjw 

General inc 157 3 1989 -10 301 

Do Acaen 213.0 22S.9 -1.4 *01 

GmYtodlnc 1304 134 3# -0192+ 

Do «ceum 1*92 1B51 -01921 

1 V«M me 358 91 3# -03 $8* 

Accum 1603 1797 J.7 5B2 

japan meome 197.7 *08 8 -0.6 03« 

Do Accum 1965 2095 +06 024 

N Aiwram l"C 470 503 +04 0 9* 

Do Accum 564 56 8 +05 094 

pacAc income mo lies# -03030 

Do Aoeum 1350 131 S -06 OSS 

Enen Cos me 77* 771 -01209 

Ou «ccum 052 8*7 

74-78 finsEury P fl remem London EC2A !JD 
01-5=8*777 deatogat-638 0*78/9 MoWyGud, 

OmethG# 5*3 3*2 +01 o«2 

59 6 




51 1 








114 1 



















B7 a 


















BO Oiler Chng 


tod Racorary 

108 + 


re 3 


SnuSer Ccs 





UK Growth 














he ft Growth 


2106 c 


4 07 

Nat Hign inc 

Prof Stubs 









Fnanoai San 



134 3 





17 8 




tot Looura 





Prop Sturm 

60 1 



1 15 

Unw Erarjv 

WortO Tadi 




1 78 





«nw Growth 





Amu hewne 





Amer Snafinr Co s 

24 7 



Ansi Growth 


77 4# 

+i i 

1 » 

Euro Smaler 





Far East 




1 05 

Hong Kang Pfl 



25 2 




Japan Perl 

55 5 



Jrosn S"M*ar 


14 1 





Eiempi Mattel 





day’s rang# 

N York 1 4S85-1.4640 
Montreal Z.01 8^2.0355 
Ani3 - aani3JC78-<J.&466 
Bnmrts 63.00-63.47 
G'phgen 12J16G-12J772 
Dttolto 1 11B4-M233 
Frankfuft 3-3996-3.4165 
LiStXXi 21fi.4S-227.19 
Made* 2T4.77-ZIW 
MdflfiM 2327.97-2341.60 
Oslo 108580-10.6945 
Pans 106196-108827 
Sfktttoi 10.7602-10.8036 
Tokyo 2620826321 
Vienna 23.85-24.01 
Zurich 2-8470-2-8560 

Market nan 

April 10 

1 4825-1.4635 














23.92-23 S6 


1 month 

0.4*0 dGorem 







1 60-41 5d is 







12-1 town 









5- 4%prwn 
435- 121 Ode 

6- 16GIS 

Carreodes traded within 
narrow limits in reduced activ- 
ity. Dealers said the Group of 
Five ministers' apparent satis- 
faction with dollar levels did a 
lot to stabilize the market, and 

operators were looking for a 

pew lead. '*■ «* 

London cofflooorrr 




oS 20a24»O 

Dec 210.8-08.0 

MB 2130-118 

May™™ 21WMM 



MhMHh 1976 are# ap at75A (day’s n^# 75^6-75+9). 

Rat## xuppflM by Baretoys Bank HOFEX and ExiaL Uoyda Back to M matt ona l 


Cteanng Banks 11 
finance House 12' i 

Dttcoum Marktrt Loans % 

Ovenngm Higfl: I2''f low 11 
Week toeo: 10’. 

Treasury B0U (Oscount %| 

Buying Sahng 

2 mirth ID’-i: 2mmn 10 »i» 

3 mnth 3 mum ID 1 ** 

Prime Bank Brils (Discount %) 

1/nmn 10 ,3 -4-ltH J j;2rnnm W'hr-1ff>'< 
3mntri 10 s 3.'- 10% 6mntn 

Trade Bl*s (Discount %) 
imnmifie 2 mnth ll’i; 

3 mnth 1 D ;; k 6 mnth lO 3 ^ 

Interbank |Nt 

Ovafmgnr; open 11a etosa 1 6 
1 week ll’i-lllk 6 mnth 10-S’.i 

1 mnth 11-10% 9 mnth 9 "-ti-9'-i. 8 

3 mnth lO'ia-lfiiie 12mth 9%-9% 

Local Authority Deposits (%) 

2 days 10% 7 days 10% 

1 mnth 10% 3 mnth 10'+ 

6 mnth 9'j 12rnth 9% 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

T mnth llH-11'4 2mnlh 1114-11 



7 days M 1 ** 
3 mnth 6%-6% 
7 days 

3 mnth 4%to% 

French Franc 

7 days 6%-7% 

3 mrah y’ls-T 9 ^ 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 3-2% 

3 mnth 4%-4 

7 days 5V5 
3 mnth 4%-4% 


1 mnth 
6 mnth 

1 mnth 
6 mnth 
1 mntn 
6 mnth 

1 mnth 
G mntn 
1 mnth 
6 mnth 

4%-3 % 
4% -4% 








4 ,J i«-"ie 

toetano _ 




. 2.831 D-Z6340 

. 6. 7140-0. 7 150 

1 _388S-t.3835 



West Germany 





._ 2.6255-2.6205 

7 4230-7.428C 


Rah I5w>5.isn7n! 



Hong Kong 

„„ 15250-153^0 

SSn . 



Argentina ausour 



Brazil cruzado * _ 

20. IS- 2026 


May — 


Sop — . 



Greece drachma 211.802 13.80 




aerrand* (par coin]: 
9-50-341.u0{£23i. 75-233.00) 
sovereigns* (newt: 

S 81 .^82 75 (£55.7556^0 ) 
*Exdudss VAT 

Hong Kong dofiar 11420-11^31 

mda rupee — i820-i840 

kaqdtoar n/a 

Kuwait dtoarKQ 0.42*5-0. 

MataysadoBar 3.845583510 

Mexico peso 680-730 

Naw Zealand doflar Z6600-2.6716 

Saudi Arabia riyai 5^095-53*95 

Singapore doBar 32120-32157 

south Africa rand . 

U AEdtrftam 

1004 1-3-01 06 
.. 5^425-5-3825 
















May - 
Vot _ 










135.5- 34.0 




129.5- 234 
131. 0-29 J 






Aug — .. 



Nov - 



1 4825-46 JW 








_ 142.00-3* 50 


“"■^ESSSi SS*™, 

OfflMal Tonorar ngiOTd 


BjBtoB Wall A Cn. Lid. report 


Cash 970-971 

ThfflamonBB — TTiSS 


Cosh 984-386 

Three Months 381-933 

Voi — Ni 

Tone «» 



Three Month* . 


Tuno — 

, Suspended 




ThreflMonfiD. 25750^7.75 
Voi 3750 




C«ih 400-405 

Thrae Months 

voi N9 


. kfle 


Cash 446,5-4505 

T^a Monffo — 4595-4^0 
Vo) 2900 



mre# Months 



TTbb# Months. 





Z Swady 



rKA 7ZE£}£ffi! eCK 

M fdkpg ggeMg 
npie»iKit*fi» merit*** 00 


d __ 

CEfc'pias. 77.7tp OW kg iw 

1 * 1 . 11 r 

gnglsad and Waits; 

Cantonas, up 105%. sv» 

nos. down 195 %.*»*■ 
price. 254.77p('353) 

Rg nos. down 15%. AW- 

prwe, 7756p(+1.00) 

CatffrtM. down 1.6 **• 

— >341) 

■Hr. me. 



£ per tonne 

Wheal Barter 


116.40 11450 

120.00 ■ 

10085 -99.15 

10355 10250 

107.00 1®70 

110JD0 10635 



























1015 1080 


: J015 Wii- 

imI wi5 

1071 TWB 
MBS m 
1025 Mia. 

rail 1020 







- 1S75 IMS . 

USA uu 
OAO «S- 
NW-9 ms 



£ par tom# 

f SS m2- 

ftb . 9350 9150 

April 11650 11Si» 

‘ Vot; 884 

Apr 86 

JMB8 &33HtnJB . .«O0 
OCt 88 7SS&7E20 TKo 

JanST 775JW7M .775.5 

Apr 87 . .teas 

Jut 67 

Jan 88 . .. r - 86&O 


Vok 213 lots 


3 mnth 11-10% 

9 mnth 10’*-10 
Sterling CDs (1«i 
1 mnth lO^if+ifl” 
6 mnth 9 ,, *o-9 , *i# 

1 mnth 680-5.75 
6 mnth 655-6.80 

6 mnth lOS-lO't 
12rmh 9V9% 

«3mnth lOf-s-lO'i* 
12mtn 93.»-9’i4 

3 mnth 6.70-6.65 
12 mrti 6.702.65 


Fixed Hate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate for 
Inrereat period March 5. 1966 to 
April 1, 1966 inclusive: 11.677 per 


Three Month Storting 

Jon 86 .... .... .. . 

Sep 86 

Dec 96 

Mar 87 

1 Month 




Sep 86 . .... 

Dec 86... 

Mar 87 

US Treasury Bond 

Jun 86 _ . 


Dec 86 — 


Jun 86 ... . 

Sep 86 

dec 86 

Long Gilt 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 


Jun 86 

Sap 86 

«a 17067 

91 26 






91 13 

91 38 


90 S5 


Eat Voi 





roof film 



93.30 93.34 1788 


93 42 














n rr 





127- 17 

128- 19 




Previous day's total open Interest 7060 
8 102-17 103-04 4804 


Previous « 
102-50 1024 



102-36 324 

102-58 0 


Previous day's total open oitarest 1 1 043 
128-20 127-17 12821 8981 





12829 S3 
12827 5 

12823 0 


Previous da^s total openjnterest 2034 






togn LOW Company 


<h VH 

Orge pence % PIE 

ns 9« 
703 663 

149 131 
3S8 208 
173 1*9 

150 106 

116 98 
202 159 

62'. 53 
U 31 
4*8 364 
98 80 

99-r SO 
799 635 
187 139 
139 108 

143 110 
352 314 
158 I3e 
S86 420 
516 503 
204 176 

117 103 
T50 119 
370 2ft* 
>52 >35 

91 75 

131 110 

144 119 

107 05 

169 1*2 
272 237 
3*0 287 
120 95 
556 460 
185 1*5 
340 2B4 
110 ': 8*. 
135 109 
S36 *80 

145 1 23 
1*7 123 

is i*a 

38? 322 

so'.- n 

109 32 

18* 118 
15* 138 
312 275 

Amer Trust 
Ana Anar Sec 


Anne Assets 
Br A»eis 
Bi EnxM« Sac 
Briwn ktv 
Owner »gency 
Cieeeem Jtos° 
□way me 
Do Gap 

DreylDn Core 
Ottyton Far East 
Dravwi Japan 
Drayton Pramer 
Dumjaa Lon 
EtXn Amer Asset 
Becine Gen 
Engton Sect 
Enputi NT 

F 6 C ABonca 
FAC Peake 


first Sax Amer 
First Un Gen 




























316 2.7 442 
206 3.9 SOS 

44 30 37.4 

as 2055.1 
44 20 5*4 
00 07 .. 

306 14 430 

10 0.7 . 

2.7 4 4 341 
0.7 10 650 

20.9b 4.7 275 

11 12*10 
3Jb 34 42J 

30 OD 40 380 
DS 03 .. 
120 18160 





143 4 1 344 
1.6 1.0 
14 02 . 

112 36 33.8 
7.7 18 313 
09 00 883 
40b 32 *08 
56D 1 5 B3.0 
5 0 33 444 

2.0 20 5*0 
30 26SOB 
20 14 000 

FMnng Ctaver 
Ftenvng Enterprise 
Fleming For East 
Renmg FMgmg 
Fuming Japan 
Hu a ng M oiart a 
fien+ng Overseas 
fiemmg Tech 
Fietium ikmersal 
For c£ 

GBC Captal 
gt jioan 
General Fimds 
General Cons 


High Low Company 

On yij 

Pnoe Crrce pence % p/e 

100 ii5 
300 291 

147 1Z7 

102 138 
231 1B4 
325 2*4 
245 230 
h» 158 
2SB 283 
fl05 5*0 
277 244 
" 45 


Gtmgtw Stock 

Gown umc 
Goren Onenai 
Goto# Stratgj 



Grown House 235 


imrest-xi Smc aw 
Imr Op 


71 63 

128 102 
197 161 
1S6 121 
15* 137 
282 215 
373 311 
438 390 
68 50 

199 158 
57': SO'i 
2*8 IBS 
329 27B 
11 6* 
342 279 

Lew Deoeraue 
ton Msmtiwe See 


Murray tecone 

Murray Braes 
Mwray UerauM 
New doun 
Kt> Danen 04 

Nwgmig Me 88 
New Tokyo 
Nth Atlantic See 
ran see Assets 
Ntnp Amer 

186 -2 


602 • 
277 +2 


228 #-1 


122 •+! 

19* +1 


100 #+* 












1.1 37.9 


Padfic Assam 


*4 310 


DO Whits 



*2 320 



Personal Assam 


79 99 






Roar ft More 

161 -1 


4.1 XL8 


Roar POTn 

253 -1 

130b 10418 




238 +1 


14 .. 





17 52.1 






09 .. 

13*a ll'r 



00 307 



SI Andtaws 

133 #-1 






344 -4 


11 90* 



Sax Ant#iean 

30* +1 



Scot Eastern 


2 A SB0 



Scot Mqa 

503 +5 


Scot IMK 

208 -2 

20b 10 .. 



Scot uat A 



19 809 



Second Mara 

640 • 



SJ 270 



Sac Oi Scanod 

163 +1 











7.1 B 









26 510 
28 *47 
10 670 
12 640 
0.7 .. 

2.7 230 
40 300 

1.4 800 

30 276 

8.7 21.* 
ID 322 
50 207 

4.4 34.1 

1.4 .. 

27 803 
17 560 
00 . 
15 as- 

1 1 74 4 
23 S20 
10 480 
15 010 

03 00 .. 

150 30 40-4 
80 52 3X1 

12.1 40 293 

71 2*450 










11 452 
15 593 

12 417 

20 556 

21 620 
2* 533 
11 20.7 
17 330 
42 30.7 

79 67 
36 ' j 3?" / 
91 82 

122 95 

139 155 
220 202 
101 90 

15* 118 
166 14 
118 BO> 
174 139 
165 135 
305 237 
356 330 
133 157 
141 112 
91 79 

265 217 
62 50 

74 61 

95 85 

210 1Ei 
337 288 

Srrorier Co* 

' 3>r 

T« SHTtt 

nenann 213 
TR nca Mend 96 

tr nek Bm so 

TR Fraoerr 18 * 

TR Tech 111 

TR Ti utXH I res 
T«mc*» Bar W* 

INgcnita 29S 
Tbrog S e am ed C4P» 
Trace Oeeapc WC 
Trauma 136 

toe ' 9* 


wag hesounrat .11 

US Decen 

MtoMtecaRuEnngy 95 


AtoOfO X Somm* 035 


07% . 



400 - . 

*» 580 

47% 35. 

71 31 Ajgyw 

re 21 Bousteea 
159 tSS BntsnreAUDw 

re'. >3 . cwy MM 

18% 12 'e On 'A 
156 131 
102 TO 
247 187 
33 9G 
660 ITS 

a s n 

RR - 77 

MB 183 
*40 320 
NO 780 

Eng Tnot 

+30 2S0 

97 10. 

-V u 
-- tu 
.. au 




25 16 

206 199 

Goode (DIM) 
H e n O WOB Aonto 

wroatsif Hwn 
Do ‘ 






l-W -90 

- u 

.7.- 25'. 


» .. an 

t .. as* 

-W TTA. 

*0 m* 

V I 00 


30 120 
40 IU 

70 f f0 

2-7 OU 


U 4S2i l ' 


BIO Otto Chug YH 


SM7. Penymnunt fta. HsyMidS Heom 
0*4* *581*4 

Growth Accum 
Do income 
Mign Income 

Mon PotOoto Inc 
Do Acc 
North / 

1215 132.7* 
1981 2110# 
125 8 135 1# 
65 0 699a 
755 012a 
84 9 69 8 
1019 1171 
811 65 7 

-1 0 412 

-1.0 1.78 

-as 8 25 

-0.7 504 

*25 tS * 

*09 . 
+1 4 120 




♦1.9 020 

Bemad otn /nc 

409.6 *317# 





+0.1 131 

Do Accoti 

415 7 442 2# 



194 5c 

+20 080 

40 4 410 

. 690 




+00 200 

Do Accum 

41.4 440 

Servtce Co 1 toe 

411 458 

. 190 


Do Accum 

430 *02 

The Since Exchange lonOon EC2P 2JT 
01-568 2688 

General Inc Ml 
Do Accum 1*1 
Income Fund 131 
Do Accum (31 
mu me 121 
Do Accum 12) 
Smalei toe (51 
Do Accum (51 

214 1 2242 
3372 3530 
10*2 108.Bc 

1719 1888 
1170 1212 
1519 1629 
C1071 1138 
CH31 1701 

-50 335 
-31 335 
. 520 
. 1.71 

. 1.71 

.. 208 

125 tagn Mctxxn. London WCiV BPV 

a 11*8 

01 - 2*2 
CS Japan Fund 

692 717 +03 029 

28*8 3028 

re 9 


| 01-638 5858 

3290 331.0 



Amenean Esenpi 

C3S02 3580# 


1B&4 1750# 



Japan Exampr 

£319 4 329.4 


1421 1612# 



Am Proosny Tu 


7 75 

Property Trust 

£2033 0 • 

. 010 

1. Otwrarc Way. Vtoffltoy. HA9 0MB 
01-902 8876 
For East 
Horn American 

100. Out Brood St London EC2N TBO 
01-621 0011 

CapW (31 3653 3908* 

income f3) 287.9 3080# 

Nonn Arrenesn (3) 2730 292.9# 


1. Km MMom St EC*N 7AU 
01-623 8314 

Get Trust 109.0 1113 

77 London MM EC2 IDB 
01-588 IBIS 

mv fijna 414.05 

fitod Im 1*9 75 

Deposit IOOO 

77. London Will London EC2N IDB 
01-588 1815 

in come 375 7 • . *74 

Accum CIO 7J68 


Narro w Pton . BnssX B52 OJH 
0800 373293 

General Era** 385 n 0 

Eaunr l+gh Income «23 *50# 
GOi 8 Fi»eo mt Gth X( 22.4 
moo. SocotMs 2*5 291 
Amer Growdi 25.0 28.7 

Japan Growth 25 * 27 i 
Eixop+jn Growth 24 * 260 
on & fitod me 255 270 






01-828 5181 


Amar ft Gan Inc 

DC Accum 

235: 250 2 


Amer TtarrnO he 

2166 230 J 

DO Accum 

2214 237.6 


Capra Til me 

190 8 202.8# 


Do Accoti 

2290 24*2# 


Com* ft Out Inc 

09 G 952 


Do Accum 

117 0 124 4 





161. cneweroe. London EC2v 6EU 
01-728 1989 
Coprtai Aecwn 


u m xiUJIlIB 

On Strategy 

Growth imrattmera 
tnoorre 6 Orowm 
joponme 6 PbcAIc 
N th Amer Growth 
wti RacMry 
Smiler Co's 
GttWH he TS 

287 1 284.1 
439 +67 
1619 1712 
151.9 161 5 
582 579 
2881 306* 
410 43# 
1263 1343 
1046 1112 
107 3 114 1 
1917 2060 
562 59 7# 

crown rear trust services 
C rown House. WOkaig GU21 1XW 
0*862 5033 

Mgt! mooma That 2388 2538# 
Growth Trust 2288 2+2J 
American True! 128 8 1070 

a. Mahvte CmstanL EemcuOT 
031-228 3*92 

69 5 743 
904 667 
132 0 1*12 
1064 1110 
>819 194.6 
M3 21.7* 
296 308 
124 1 132 7 
1389 1*14# 
TOO 919 
220.8 328 0# 

+03 ?G0 
+02 *30 
- 0.1 110 
2 JO 
. 190 
-03 0.90 
.. 200 

-11 160 
+03 548 
+04 506 
-03 229 
. 105 
+20 248 
*0.2 4 37 
+1 5 001 
+0fi 161 
-0.1 208 
-10 237 
+01 503 

+03 5 08 
+22 257 
+ 10 073 













Suwon Fund 
CeM Fund 
Growth 1 he Fund 
togh Oft Fund 
Mam e uon a i Fund 
Retoureaa Fund 
Sow Jep Co's Fnd 
Tokyo Fund 
-•Amer ra 
Japan Ot 

<E»j Pecthe (4| 

|E»| Smstor Jap |t> 1670 1724 
Eurotuna 24 7 214 

Bath Rood. OtotonranL Gtouceaui GLS3 7LO 
0DS2 SJ1311 
UK Balanced inc 
Da Accun 
UK Gromn Aoeum 
UK High me inc 
N Ameocan Accum 
Far Eastern Accum 
European Accum 
UK Gri 4 fi he 
Do Accun 

aotot Genra. Heucon Mouse. 29. wtwr 
R«t4. Romfaid FMT&B 
07 09 88988 



+ 00 







01. r 


1 S3 

63 7 









74 6 

+ 1 1 


71 3 

76 1 

re t 

1 15 









35. Fouman SL Mvidene 
061-235 5685 


GJl & Fund lid 
Tsl Of In* Trusts 
Special Sits Trust 
Ntn Amer Trust 
For Eastern Trust 800# 
750 80.4 
552 590 
640 690 
no BOB 
57 J 610 
67.7 72.1 

+07 3.17 
+00 403 
.. 795 
+02 100 
+14 2J2 
+01 183 
+1 1 0.77 


St George Hse Corporation SI Oxniniiy cvi 

0203 553231 
UK Growdi Accum 
Do income 

Inc aoeum 

1*90 1593# 
130.1 1304# 
2416 2570# 
194.4 2059# 
093 939 


GOB/Faed Accum 
Da Income 
Nth Amer TSI Accum 137.7 14&4S 
Far Em Tsl Accum 1222 1300# 
Euro Ta Accum 1*28 1510# 

General Trust 2321 247.4# 

+12 331 
+10 331 
+19 *82 
+15 4.62 
-02 263 
-02 £03 
+1.0 032 
-0.1 0.42 
+02 096 
+ 19 £71 


1. Unrated Poutney HA. Uxtdon EG*R OBA 

01-623 4680 

Amwicen Fund 735 800 +08 025 

coodal Fima 105.4 1120# +03 042 

income Fund 8 id 672# +O0 4ja 

For Eastern FotO 65.4 710 -01036 

Overuus mcome 665 712 -03 A 84 

fitod inter era 81.7 ©41.1 -03 900 

Naur# nes Fund *30 469 -02 4.13 

European income 603 731 +2.D 3J7 

191 wen George SL Glasgow G2 
041-332 3132 


Rnror WoHl Torbhdge. TWO 1DY 
0732 362222 

Amsnesn 100 6 107 8 

Amer Eourry Income 325 3*8 
Amer Special Sis 520 557 
Far East me 29 7 31 7 

cm 8 fined M 31 4 320# 
Growth & Inoomn 1010 1087 
japan Special SOa 32 * 34 S 
Japan Tnut 1001 1065 

Manageo Im Ta 1M3 '365# 
Max mconw Eoutty 715 785 
Protessaiai Gm 3*7 37.0 
Sown East Asia Tat 28 0 27 7 
Soeoai Sns 1520 1635 


8. CroK-v So- London EC3A BAN 

+04 053 
.. 472 
-02 035 
+01 433 

„ 477 
+12 422 

+0 9 023 
-02 SIS 
+0.1 226 
+0 1 068 
+09 0.78 


Eros inc tm he 154.4 1842 

Do Accum 1642 174 6 

htcnme Trust 1152 122* 

Do Accun 119 6 1272 

•nt Grown Fa Inc 158 0 1680c 

Do Accum 175 6 188 8c 

Japan 6 Gen Inc 70.8 750# 

Do Accum 712 75 6# 

Mommy IncOTW Fo 74.0 78 8# 

Recovery 134 0 1424 

DO Accum 144.8 15*0 

European me 524 550 

Do Aoeum 558 

Puham End Dorking. Surer 
0306 B8505S 

FP Eduty Dtsi 205 0 2175 

, DO ACCOTI 338 5 3593 

FJ> Fnea rw Diet 119* 127.0 

Do Accum 1329 1413 

Stewaros-mp Da 18*9 1750 

Da Accum 169 6 1800 


Put*c Tnatee. Ktogsway. WC3f 

01-405 +W0 



. 4*2 
+02 421 
+02 421 
-06 000 
-06 000 
+12 008 
*10 0!B 
+02 4 81 
+0 4 1 76 
+0 4 1 76 
-02 0 92 
-02 092 

+£6 258 
+* * 2.58 
-0.1 566 
-02 566 
+10 210 
+1 1 2.10 

3525 364.6# 263 

150 5 15*2 7 52 

2150 2206 S 89 


«n fiber a Dewonsrara ^ London 6CT* 4r/ 
01-233 2573 oeatog 0i-6» 9431 
UK COO Fnd Inc 993 106 3 +07 200 

Do Accun 1416 1515 +09 230 

income Fund 610 66 7# +0 7 690 

1810 1895 -1 5 200 

146 7 196.9# *12 1 00 
580 827 +06 1 40 

662 70 P# +13 100 
103 0 1958# +5 0 0.30 
772 826 +10 too 

2283 2*21# -05 070 

- - £67 Ti i -0 8 ICO 


2. St Mary Aie London EC3A B8F> 

01-623 1212 OHhig 01-623 5786 Dsams 01-623 

Gross inc 

tufi Title 

Penaen EtomM 
US 8 General 
Tech & Growth 
japan 1 Gunnel 
Far East A Gen 
European Fund 
German/ Fund 


Amencex TruK 
Ausrrexan Trust 

Smmn 7»* Accum 

Do Dtsi 

Commoo+y SW 


£■ rra meorre Ttun 
Far £wam Truer 
Filed imora* Fund 
G4I Trua 

0*0041 Fu-0 Accum 
Do D#1 

Gad Snare Trust 
Hedged Am#ne*n 
Hen tncoma Trust 
Hong Kong Trial 

Income Fund - 

wsraariM Agenoes l*s 01 *451 

Japan T-ml 1 202 127 9 

Mj rutof E«amw 207 J 7705# +0 ; ? 95 

0« 4 Energy Trim 30 5 327 -36 1 26 

Specto Sas Trust 964 926 *03 08c 

UK S'* C s Rec Tr 52 2 S67 ITS 


wmcne Met hj* 77 unoon Wo*. Lotoot EGJn 


01-588 5670 

912 97 7 

19.8 21.1c 

541 F»9 

47 4 507 
56 9 80S 
+8.1 5i 5# 
*07 SZ2 
1117 JI9i 
266 »Se 
»2 293a 
157-5 167 6 
IK! 159 7 
H.B 126 
25 7 30 9 
134 4 143 5 
SS3 202# 
7ZS 777 

-03 000 
-02 0*1 
• 05 242 
+03 2.42 
+01 056 
-0 5 CIO 
. . 959 
„ 8*2 
+0 8 013 
+0 7 0 23 
-02 231 
•03 OiO 
-0 5 5 36 
-02 101 
+01 33* 
-0 43 im 
+0 7 CCO 

4 0 fined M 
Gnnrdi Eouny 

N American 

Property Snare 
Smaler Gompamaa 
Ewopean Trust 

Bid Otto Cling VM 

+08 077 
+20 205 
+39 205 
- 0 * 201 
•31 000 
-03 139 
-OS 162 
+01 069 

12SS 1309 
2126 226 2 
J0Q.9 3M0 
1393 14820 
1TO9 1905c 
2432 2500 
207.4 220 Te 
217.7 231 7 


PQ Bos 442. 32 Si Mary-aJ-H*. London EC3P 

01-623 9033 

543 503d 
1143 i21 8# 
1840 1M6C 
420 <35 
031 657 

760 792 

N Amur Trust 
ChB Trust 
St Vmcem Inc 

SI Wncent UE Glh __ _ 

Temple Bar Sm Go s 1E2.4 iti 3 
Temple Bar USM 3500 3769 

Prerner UT Affltwi. & Raytogn Rd. Brentwood 

0277 217916 

+03 932 
-0.1 0 80 
+02 233 
. 636 

+09 3.48 
+08 0.73 
ia01 238 

KjmbrOT Sm8» Co s 122.6 130* 

Hobcot. N Amer 
Hambros Jap 1 F £ 
Hanttxos Seandvn 
Hameros Eraooein 
Ham Do* CanoMn 
Hampras Eqiaty Inc 
Hamoros togn Iric 
HomOrpe Res Assn 

88 2 7Z5 

97 7 1035C 

753 801 






81 7 

+03 199 
+05 091 
+1 1 0*3 
+14 096 
-01 003 
+02 105 
+05 4.44 
+03 578 
+nt pm 

trimmer UT AomnaraPonS- Reytogh RO. Hutton 
Brentwood Essex 

Speoro Sits he 
Da Accum 
Recovery TruM 
CeatM Growtn inc 

Do Accun 
Income Assets 
financial Trust 

1316 1400# 
1853 1963# 
987 1058 
508 620# 
676 723# 
1123 1808# 
144.0 154.1 

income 6 Growth Inc 14BA 1574 

Do Accum 
Htfi tncure Trua 

Extra ineom* 
Smaaw Coe Dm 
Pro) & □# 

Grh Trial 

find Interest That 
Giooei Hesimcera 
Global Tech 

GAM Resources 
wonowide 15] 
Euro Smaller CC# 
Japan Trust 
Japan Special S4s 
Paohc Smahor 

201 2 302* 
1780 191 * 

139.6 1710# 
1000 108.0 
<7.7 510# 
472 500 
551 580# 
68 1 722 

1001 1150 
432 4U 
182.1 173.4# 
800 72.7 
3680 3793 
060 715# 
2205 2431c 
ST,* 060 
1259 1354 
131.8 1410 
692 028# 
217 23 2 

139.7 1495 
52.6 583# 

1170 1280 


Smgap ua 8 Ma toy 
Norm Arrencin 
Amer Smaler Cos 
Amer Recorory Tit 
H-gtt income Eunwi 12*5 131.0# 
Smaller Cos Exempt 1170 12*0 
Euro Eiempi 111.1 1159# 
Japan EaemfX (51 12+1 1270 

N Amer 859 915 

oueur Tech £1 O] 855 Si.O 
P3ohc Easmpl iSl 1442 1516 

+22 002 
+31 002 
+25 230 
+07 129 
+08 129 
+03 33* 
. 2*4 

*00 3J» 
+12 206 
•20 457 
+10 443 
+00 5.19 
-0.1 019 
.. 806 
. 924 
♦04 OOl 
-21 067 
+00 001 
-02 225 
. 3.17 

+02 008 
+02 041 
+02 032 
. 018 
♦t A 001 
_ 007 
-03 321 

+01 001 
-02 058 
+01 4.82 
. 162 
+00 143 
+07 009 
♦02 1.14 
-01 CIS 
-04 227 


*5. Beecn 5L EC2P 2LX 
01-828 8011 

British Trun Uncs 555.5 Mi 0 +25 206 

Captol Trust Umts 1006 107.1 +0 7 2.72 

Dcdar Trust L>n*S 1861 198 OC +26 2.BS 

Eliroaean Trust 1162 123.7 +10 a 80 

Far East Trust 1042 1100 -17 2 15 

Ftfwiaai Tnist 388 8 3871# +08 2*4 

Ga> Fued inf he 003 315 -01 923 

Do Grawtn 45 1 47 8 -0 1 7 21 

M^h VlrtJ Trust 63 7 670 +03 5. OB 

income Tnnl BIT 870 +09 4*9 

Irtemrtonai 1130 1203 +0.4 153 

Japan Tech T« 325 34 7 -0 1 0 *3 

Natural Resoutara 319 340# +02 2 to 
Security Trust TTO3 20O4# +53 20S 

Smelter Cos 035 889# 155 

Soeoai Sts 93* 99*# +06 2*8 


32. Oueen Annas Gils. London SWIM 9*3 
01-222 1000 

ibi Bra 8 □ seas 131 8 i*03 +03 t.70 

18I Hqn incoma 539 5GB# 1000 

©I Seomty Gdt 56.1 591# 800 

Imeetmera Tst Fnd 65 7 592 . 3 40 

20. Fen en uron Si. London EC3 
01-523 8000 
Amer Growth he 
Do Accum 
fiWC irw Tit he 
Do Acoot 
»< eW he 

hr Rec o aer y inc 
japan Grown me 
Dc Accum 

Smansr Css me 
Do accum 
l** 1 Ed Growth m 
Do accum 
woranmee Teen me 
Dp Accum 

645 M* 
650 699 
19 b 2090 
2a 8 285 
1207 138 4 
2081 2208 
97 5 1033 
102 0 1081 
77 9 326# 
782 82 9# 
1*55 1556# 
1902 2035* 
28 8 307 
469 504 
at 6 4*1# 

41 9 444 

+ 14 ! TO 

-0.1 254 

-08 5.12 

+0 4 141 

-07 aoG 

-03 080 
-07 . 
-02 . 
-02 . 



ton uinnr 





American Growth 


67 3 

1 a* 

America" we 


73 3# 

+ 04 

i 58 

European Growtn 

is; 8 

205 i 


Goto 6 Mmorais 





Jaw Growth 




C 20 

Pacific hoome 




LH( Special OpiH 





Roy# Exchange EC3P 30N 

01-668 9903 


299 8# 





-4 1 













0 63 


88 8# 






1 IS 

97 S 

8! 3# 






3 4fl 




i * c umrr trust MAfMGeoHvr 

Pwrcy House Gopmaa Are. EC2R 7] 

01-588 2800 

income field 4208 439* 
tammahcnaJ 6 Gen 237 7 2*25 


5 2 togjjhRo#d. Brantwood EISA. 

Eauh ownautwi 
Do AfiOura 
ttj hone 
e*» Eosrem 
G* Tn#i 
L-j Monaeso 
Natural ffe. 

N Amman Huai 
UK Soecai Sits 


aegrwrara Doi ax*ig-a»-S«. wonnaig. w 


0444 455744 

Do Aieum 
Etergy irtn 
- *T5um 
Elba mcoPKt 
DC Accum 

German Gm toe 
Cr Aczurn 
MB T«C. 

Do ACtOTi 
Japan Growth 
DC Accum 
N Amer S Gan 
Dc tecum 
Paerte Basm 
Dc Accum 





Do Accum 



+2 3 


CortWHXMy ft Gl 



3 30 






E«fr* H+jh inc 


159 S 


Do Aceum 





an ft fiiea toe 

62 2 



0 01 

Dri Accum 





rhofi Trad 




Do Accum 







101 3 



Vo Aeajm 





J*w A Paphc 



+0 5 


Do Accoti 

61 6 




N American he 

100 9 

107 8 



Do *ccoti 

108 4 




Euro Gih he 


in 3 



00 Acojm 



re 7 


Smaller Car. me 


194 0 


1 >4 

Dp Accoti 

Bd Otter Qng YU 

Do Accum 2020 2170 

WcrtOw+H Growth 17911915 
Do Accum 250 7 2S&I 

20. c&hon SL London EC2A8**X 
D1-620 03H 
EquCy DhU 


GiH Trust 
Do Accum 

+04 1.74 
+07 131 
+1.1 131 

Hi^n Jruome Dal 

US Growth 
Do Accum 

1223 1300 
1702 191.1 
5S.7 58 7 
595 E28 
90 4 982# 
10*0 1107# 
54 7 582# 
55.0 500# 

Munstoto Park. Earner £X5 IDS 
0382 52155 

General Trust 44 1 472 

Income Trust 362 380# 

mianm cn o l Trun 30 6 320 


+14 105 
+ 10 1.48 
-0.1 434 
-0.1 43* 
+12 441 
+13 4 .41 
+03 113 
+00 1.13 

+04 300 
♦03 500 
40.1 100 

Three Quart. To 

5 4588 



Amar 8 Gen he 2220 2382 
Do Aoeum 2S03 2730 

Amer Rocowny 247.8 2651 
Do Accum 2605 2873 

Am SmaFar Cos 62.0 657 
Do Aoeum 831 BBJ 

AlM & Gen he 708 832 
DO Accum 83.7 890 

Comm 4 Gen he 1560 1850 
Oo Accum 2023 2t65 

Compound Growth 4097 438.4 
Common Growth 322-1 8440 
Do he 1810 1910 

Dnreand fimd he 4195 4410 
Do Aoeum C1Z03 1275 
Buropaan 8 General 1838 1940 

Dp Accum 

Extra Ttod me 
Do Accum 
Far Eastern toe 
Do Acorn 
Fund 01 hn toe 
Do Ace 

Oo Accun 
G« 6 fitod to 
Do Accum 

OoM Mama 
Do Accum 

2180 2812 
2193 232-5# 
<718 5001 
1OA0 1121# 
1273 1382 
2387 2490 
8882 3082 
0109 8630 
Cl 201 1309 
045 677 
903 101.1 
8941 «< 
410 443 
317.9 3403 
8*33 902 2 
7233 77AI 
El 103 123* 
875 61.0# 


toil Growth he 
Do Aocun 
ma toe he 
Juan 8 Gan Inc 814.1 85*0 
Do Accum 057.7 7004 

Japan Smaler Aoc 781 810 
Mdtond ft dsn Inc 5*7.7 9900a 
Do Aoeum £13 44 1*3* 
Beamy fimd toe 3404 X23 
Do Accum 4407 4735 

SecM Gen toe 6660 7280 

Do Accun 
Smaler Cm toe 
Da Aceun 
TtWM fitod toe 
Da Aoeum 
Chartand toe (3} 
Do Actum en 
Otonktod Inc 91 
Da Aoeum 
Pension Eto 
NAAQF toe | 

Do Aocun 

+0-5 132 
+00 132 
+12 a7B 
+13 079 
+ 0 * 010 
+05 010 
+00 104 
+09 104 
♦09 317 
+12 117 
-20 207 
-0* 204 
-02 509 
-10 *51 
-004 451 
+42 075 
+07 070 
-07 531 
-15 821 
.. 130 
-01 198 
-03 255 
-04 255 
+15 303 
-008 303 
+08 079 
+03 079 
-00 90S 
-05 0(0 
-1* *79 
-10 *79 
+7.0 251 
♦011 201 
+02 408 
+01 006 
•07 0.06 
• 13 011 
-31 *10 
-007 *10 
-24 2JC 
-20 200 
-07 a*a 
-O01 3.43 
-32 2.65 
-60 265 
-10 *18 
-005 *18 
.. 10*4 
.. 10+4 
.. Ml 
.. MT 
.. 4.10 
.. 708 
.. 7.90 

£1340 1400 
6204 8700 

4631 484Je 

£12.79 1309 
} 1195 


382-1 3001 
£10.10 1031 
(>> 4733 <9*5 

11. DenonsMra Sq. London ECM 4VR 
01-623 A273 

Emory Erempt *07.7 425 7# +25 23* 
Oo Accum 5159 S3aJS# +35 234 

UK Moraai Features 70.1 7*7# .. 102 

Do Accum 72.1 705# 1 82 

jaoan Performance 107-2 ii*3 +ar o.ia 

DO Aoeum 107 8 11*5 *00 013 

US So*Ml fismurac 001 720 .. 070 

Do ACCOTI 800 732 . . 0.70 

Gold A Procous Mot 40.0 *34# -03 200 

Do Accum 412 448# -03 200 

US Special Inc 587 626 -01 499 

Do Accum 623 885 ..499 

Eurooeon pot me 76.0> +06 1.11 
Do Aoeum 701 809# +01 1.11 


99-100. Sonttig fid. MaMMOT* K#m MEM 1XX 

0622 674751 

ULA General 345 395 +08 205 

MIA to wn ra no n# 50.6 585# +02 0J6 

MLA Gift Unit 200 27 1 -0] 959 

ULA Income 405 *29 +05 406 

MLA Euopean 23.0 30.7 . . 001 

SlGagg^way. sutoreg. Km 

Growtn Ltonx 
Gift 8 fired m 
HMfi income Uret 
>w two Gin urn 
toif Growtn Unto 
N Amencen UNte 
Far Ean unet 
Smaler Cos Fund 

Bid Otter Chng YM 


103. Hope BftaoL Glasgow 02 2UH 
0*1 221 9252 

Amunon 1115 >190 *03 341 

European 223.1 2381 +09 073 

imSraCOs 2DS5 2225 +03 106 


40 Graccctxhch SL K3P 3HH 

01-023 4200 Ext 209 

Do Accum 
NPI Oarasee 
Do Accun 
Far East *cc 

Arnancao Ace 

Do oat 

2075 2200 
331 7 3520 
5370 5722# 
9561 9900# 

esa 70.7 
6S.B 701 
580 62-6 
904 62 2 

•10 250 
+1.7 290 
.. no 
1 10 
+04 030 
+05 030 
+0.1 170 


PO BO* 4. NoraMch MU 3NG 

0G03 622200 

Gray TruM 2129* 1207# +012 3JS 

totirruM 1215 1»0# -06 174 

68. Caiman Sweet. LOTdon £G*N 8AC 
deMhgi 01-236 3885/8/7/0/9/0 
h a eri ia flonel Gneeci i960 1401 

income 8 GrowPi 008 0*9 

S 04cal ae .. 
AmeiKOT Oowih 
Japan Growth 
Eutmaan Growtti 
uk Growat 
Pacific Grow*! 

905 001 
333 35.7# 
497 632 
802 64A 
5*2 500 
433 404 
300 32.8# 
619 S*3# 
923 982# 

Practical Income 

252. Mgh HaBam, WCIV 7EB 
01-405 8441 

ttu wto Fund Inc 
Dp Aocun 
Incoma FOTd 
tod Equty toe 
Do Acxtn 
Un* Trust toe 

1320 1413c 
1203 1200# 
1232 131.1 
1232 131.1 
1289 138 4 
2104 2334 

40 Han GdraaL Homey On Thames 
0491 579069 

MOW* 2637 2030 

Income 1B2.1 2000# 

WorkMds Roc 1502 1913 

Amu Growth 099 70.1 

toft Eronrg CO'l 807 907# 

Earn Onettl 855 707 

European am 

505 008 

222. Bf 

High I _____ 
COIN 0 (Bl 
Far EaMm 

Techn Uogy 
Extra to ni m# 

107.1 1159# 
1795 1906 
990 10*9 
1413 1510# 
1300 1404# 
2050 2103 
1135 1224 
025 875# 

+04 050 
-04 300 
-04 4 40 
.. 070 
+04 .. 
*07 130 
+02 000 
+01 010 
.. 040 
-01 230 
-03 330 

+04 237 
+00 337 
+0.1 157 
+0.1 157 
+00 3.12 
+15 3-12 

-OS 002 
-09 *45 
-04 139 
•00 078 
+09 050 
*00 153 
-05 155 

+04 134 
+02 450 
+09 559 
+26 020 
+05 152 
+06 147 

+01 850 

M ORar Chng Ykt 

, 7ZB 7700 +09 I0S 

Smaiar Co e Me 1504 tOOBW +07 +03 

Spaort SKuaaonj 965 iCX2 mud 

UK Equiy 1007 2015 +19 213 

US Grow* 7Z0 775# +09 1« 

Um ru ral Growtn 814 875c +07 144 

Em arp nee Hp ret. Ports m out h 
0765 927733 
Amenon Inc 


a assatso toe 
Do Accum 
European toe . 

■ Do Accun 
G#8 fixed toe 
Da Accoti 

M Mr. Otog ' vw 

GdW Fima me 
Do AOcum 


1273 1301 
1293 1303 
. 6*7 895. 
994 745 
1030 t107# 
1003 11&0# 
575 ms 
B5.B m3-- 
307 325# 
324 340# 
1769 1884 
3875 4130 
1039 1TD3 
1424 1529 
111.1 1100 
401 420 . 
400 43J 
1244 1385 
12SB 1385 
1007 1075# 
10*3 1115# 
1715 1830# 
035 IBS 5# 
509 601 
1039 1104 
1575 1987 
7915 0*05 
1104 1105# 
5730 8133 

20 St Amftvwe Ho. Ealrtwgh 
031-358 0101 

tod income Unto 1400 1S83# 

DO Accum 9102 Z339# 


081 225 B11 

UK EqOTV 1695 1975 

Amarkan 1493 1697 

Pecrte 1409 M81 

Tin MOTH 20U 221X1 


Dc Accoti 
JOT Sr* Col Ac 
TO igap cra 1 MMy 
Do Accun 
Smaler GD I toe 
Op Aoeum 
Special See toe 

Tokyo FlrnC *W 
On Accoti 
US Gmoder Co s Ac 
UK Evaty toe 

100 Wncent SL Gto gow 02 5HN 
0*1-2*6 0100 

UK EouKy 
an A Fhad 
«c Jto* Cos Eq 


17*8 1065# 
1219 1295# 
14Z0 151.1# 
1701 1863# 
1000 1150# 
1307 1455# 

*l| 140 
+1.1 140 
*1.4 177 
*0! 1.13 
. i.tsH 
-04 353 
-04 303 


+04 072 
+09 072 
+14 010 
- 149 
■5* 140 
-05 150 
-05 150 
-01 029 
.. 099 
+01 099 
-09 243 
-19 243 
.. 200 
.. 1.02 
-- 391 



+13 1.77 
+14 199 
+19 006 
-02 008 

+13 241 
-0* 734 
-01 138 
-01 1.40 
' 150 



20 CnanotM S% BMwnh 
031-226 *872 

Pacific 401 915 

Worta Growth 3*4 305 

N Amsrtrtl 345 375 

Fund 409 499 

+09 036 
+09 4.80 


OBI.. ... 

Praf Share Fd 
IIK Capaal . 
Speoal Sto . 
TefuMn - 
Wore > wow 
Warftfwlde OkAW 
" . 

184 09# 

. 709 039 
969 1035-.- 
174 HJto 
,-OU .7*0.. 
795 «34 . 
440 47.7' 
5H 57T# 

war 15*0 

715 83S 


^ »' 

-02 009 
-01 019 
+07 108 
.. 19* 
.. 191 

3t 1497 TRUST MANAO Wl . 

Sot torCM' 1 -’’’ 04# ‘ 724. -05 *10 

wemadd Hotaa. 2. PWdM Ctoek. iowtoa 8C4V 


Ol-aw 1250 
American Sewto 
Ganaral Growtn 
income Grown 
income MjeDdy 

(7 mm Growth 
9idM Coe 
Beset* oppt 

-400 424# +02 090 
544 SIS +0*221 
*14 4*3 
829 069 


414 4*4 

907 MOT 
089 995 

+04 240 
525# +03 776 
355 +07 012 




91-90 New Lwodon Rd. C h to n maid 
02*6 51081 

CoMoea toe I 
Oo Accun i _ 
Ftekfco Fuel 
Oo Aceun jOT 

Fldng Am 6 Gen IR 

res* *020# 

75*8 707. V ' 

2303 ansa 

2744 BUc 

..2*25 2544 
Do Aceum (4) 275.1 3TO0 

HNdtogheFwWM) 1725 1027 
8 * W Amu OJ 1520 1919 

S 8 W Sndr Sees 1352 1425# 

j^Camnge R0 ftaW 
0272 7322*1 

Aountan - 6*2 '607 

Do Acc 664 715 

CBM 3353 3*60#- 

Dd Accum 5774 4123# 

Exarnpt 2900 30*2# 

Do Aoeum 
Do Aocun 
Fto 6 Rap 
Do Accun 
GM Capital 

.. 201 
.. 341 

♦19 299 
+14 244 
+7J ojh 
+01 843 
-20 451 



Da Accum 

770 819 
1181 1202# 
1130 120J7# 
500 585 
1130 1201c 
87.1 719 

78 7 936 
80 4 727 










Umoam Hia. 252. RomtOrt) R<L £7 

01-234 5544 

Moncap ire* 1*9 3c +05 351 

33 KtooWMlam SL EC4H BAS 
01-280 2860 

Amu Grown 
Do Accum 
Amer tncoma 

Do Accum 
European Growth 
Do Accum 
Do Aoeum 
8 Fired 


□o Accum 

Do Accwn 
Da Accum 
Do Accum 

Eiempi Dwt 

Eierux Accum 

+00 03P 
+09 098 
+0.1 493 
+02 A03 
+10 103 
I? 183 

902 10* * 

1D1.7 108.1 
494 635# 

519 590# 

116 1 12*6 
7210 1290 
253 8 209 7# *02 t.M 
4125 <389# +04 IM 

91 7 926 

100* 1014 
794 04 4# 

87 3 920# 

2162 2295 
2MB 2630 
1200 134 6 
1298 1309 
196 8 209 1C 
207 9 222.1c 
230 6 237 9 
35*0 3849 

-03 701 
-04 701 
• 4 03 
+01 403 
*10 095 
+12 056 
+10 002 
+21 002 
+ I.B 226 
♦24 226 
-. U* 
- 20 * 


Cfthiwctod hs* Sewi Sl H«. Sne>5«kl 5i 3R0 
074J 790*2 

Coout income 

802 855 
1002 1154 
H2J 1106 
1558 1600 

+04 218 
+00 2 15 
-05 5.61 
+05 581 

565 62.6# +02 7 82 
675 72.0# +01 762 
570 59 5# 

913 95.4# 

154 8 1651 
257.0 2741 
1736 1851 
2826 3014 
2200 2359# 

2313 2407# 

1091 1160 

■ 296 1302 
1094 1188 
1X9 IMS 
104 5 1114 
1105 1179 

•08 3*9 

+H S-B 
+22 020 
+24 020 
+00 1 07 
+00 1 0? 
•03 l 14 
-03 1 14 
■ 208 
-- ?38 



51-69. Uorti HR. Rod Eem. K31 2DL 
01-479 3377 

HeAORi Equty 407.7 «330# +*T 008 
European 821 070 +05 070 

Hotoom Gorrans 532 565 +03 252 

we 07.1 713# +02 aos 

B90 953 +03 07* 

733 803# +04 055 

BB.I 733 -02 1J5 

StS 645 607 +05 158 

... . Growth B33 BB2 +09 233 

Hnftxxn an Tn« unHui* .. 6.15 

31-45 Gratham Sr. London EC2V 7LH 
01-600 *177 

QuaHram Genual *334 *0T.1# .. 20* 

□uadrara Income 2390 2580 .. 5-02 

Quadrant tod Fd 37i.i 360.7 .. t.i* 

Ouuhant Raeowry 2823 26*5# . . 070 

Si Swatwa Lon* London EC4P 4DU 
07-280 5*58 

277.1 29*7 
2301 817. 1 
1302 1*45 

910 97.7 
1500 1805 

133.1 1*13# 

NC Amartca ft# 
Do Accun 
NC Energy Ran 
NC income 
nc Japan 
NC Snato Cos 

♦24 152 
+25 152 
-02 209 
+03 356 
+00 053 
. 117 

+03 036 
.. 037 

NCSntoEurcuCo, 1B13 1714 

nc Exempt on ciai.o vhloc 

NC Amer Prop S1 137 1218 

NC Property 17301025# 


jBKtog^WKam StonL London EC*R 9AS 

Amertom Ml 
Sacuidea C9 
h*B" new Bl 
Fuad murast 
High Menu 
For Earn (2) 

219.0 2210 
7003 7165 
1600 1635 
3745 3823 
1775 1705# 
1320 1330# 
1705 1705 

+05 200 
.. 247 
.. 549 
.. 1.78 
+20 239 

H5P#. Urew LTO 3H8 
051-227 4422 

Trust 6*3 980 +04 2*8 

674 71.7 +43 1.1a 

&KTruai 204 290 .. T03 

US TnOT 310 330 ..142 

Paofte Bach TM 325 3*5 +03 001 

Royal LpOTui Hrnae. Coteneeier COI IRA 
0206 576115 

Amenean Growth 850 915 

Capftol ACCUtn 1074 189.4 

Gil income 895 

Hhn income m 

Ine u na 8 Growth 9S 8 1000 b 
J apan Growtn oat 725# 

SoecM SrW 1000 1072# 


29. W*n*rn Hft Runfprd RM1 3LB 
68-73. Queen $l 

Amar nc ft Grown 

+13 004 
+41 2M 
-01 959 
-03 *98 
■43 «J3 
-43 05B 
+06 104 

Capto) Umt* 
Energy tore 
European Growth 
Exempl me Bno 
Do tod (43) 
fimeud San 
04 & FI toe 
torti Rajim units 
mgo mow urea 

IncUnl Urals 
hveshnanr Trust 
Japan Garni 
Jeoan SnaBer Cos 

SE am 



m Growth 



98.7 1055 
401 525 
43.6 400 
940 1015 

Bid 960 
55 7 H.7# 
1830 1965 
1682 1790# 
90 9 IBM 
8*9 800c 
109.1 1165# 
710 704 
1010 1080 
275 294 
920 995 
915 970 
1283 1355 
1021 1730 
1610 1721# 

EH3 4NX 
031-226 >331 
72.T +03 740 

-. 23* 
+41 *33 
♦14 001 
+0* *90 
' 277 
+15 404 
+15 442 
+05 031 
+0.1 2J1 




+2-7 153 
+02 210 
+05 009 
+05 649 

PO BOTSU. EdhPUtfi EH16 5BU 
031-859 6000 

toe 2353 2803# 

Accum 2700 

Do Aa 




3a dry Rd. London ECiv 
DV438 8011 

Amer Tech 8 Gen 10*4 

Padto _ 1*83 

Sec toeema Fnd 1775 

soociei Sftuaaona 2115 

tod Growth 280 

Amwicen Ma/oni 703 

Smaf Co s 374 

Japan Tech ft Qui B2 3 

totemaaorre Income 570 

Mere -a 

Euro Growth 203 

Euro in co me 323 


oi JfiaMutouSP ' lenkn ““ ^ 

Snob# Efts (5) 527 58.1 













+05 055 
+22 am 
+25 218 

• - aw 

-03 1 12 

• • 140 
♦0.1 0.01 
-03 *98 
.. 203 

+07 232 

• - 0.03 
+03 540 

+ai 13* 


3^Qagie^& Edkidurgh BC 2X2 

income Lints 

Oo Aocun urara 2843 30*5# 


2570 2794# -14 200 

-20 200 

031-220 3271 
Amenean Fund 
Oo Aeeun 
So WMhorawU 
AuotraMh Fitod 
Da Accgm 
BnoOT Fund 
Da Accun 
European find 
Da Accun 
n Fune 



221.7 2381 
2480 200.1 - 
1605 1700 

123.7 131.7 
12S0 133.1 
5705 6150# 
7795 628.8® 
Z825 2795 
3704 2944 
2584 2720# 

256.7 273.4# 

1570 1605 


+1.7 Hf 

+23 *32 


-03 037 
-03 057 



Equty Trust Acc 8995 *250 
N Am Trua Acc 565 M5 
Far East nw Acc 86.1 n» 

+G4 208 
-05 139 
+05 084 

POBon 3- Ker 

0264 62168 DsamgtflSB* 0*32 

*‘SS 1 SL5f ,3aa 

Extra tocaiM toe 
Do Accum 



♦*3 459 

Um he 

Dp Aceum 
GH 8 fixed inc 
Oo Accun 



Pause me 

Da AdGum 
tod me 
Do Accum 
E sto cw d Oppa toe 
Do Aceum 
Nstmd Ree 
De Aceum 


'-X2T flal * 00 " ^ *riK0wy BueM 

toner EegM 





StFOPMn spec Ste 
Extra income 
On inenme 
Goto income 

73.T 77.7 
10.7 300 

ma 7S3 
32 1 0*4 
1337 143 7 
825 90.1# 
1124 1200# 
2B15 2610# 
1114 1175 
573 610o 
10*2 111.1a 
£4 000# 

T02 835 

-J! 048 
+*5 O.tO 
-03 254 
•• >50 
+!■§ 234 
-05 03S 
-0.1 572 
-13 179 
-0.1 761 
-04 lot 
-10 2M 
+05 *3* 
+13 0.10 

Do Aceum 
ma Grwrn 
Do teawn 
Japan Gourth Ace 
NaM R a eo u rcast 
So Accun . 

N Amu Growth 
Da Ace 

Do ... . 

Simper Go's a» toe 

uKPRovreeHTUTkUNAasia “' 
miHra* QntM CL SaSsfeury SRI 39* 
0722 838242 

DK . W05 1ZL7 . +15 

Pae«C Bash 117.7 12*5 - +20 

Ntonu 11&0T214 -05 


Si!?^ vlBa,,cieciA!R) " 

01-238 3063 


16*4 2080# 

2025 5000 -24 

2114 22*9 -0-1 *41 

48.1 *10 -04 253 

1353 1+3*# -I# IS 
2035 2105. -25 179 

805 624# +05 107 

. 10059 613*# .-OflS 330 

Aping Rdtn Aim m 1074 164,3 -M 231 


SKSP.K??*' 7 ' Dto«B«W*fiO. I"#** 60 

01-929 1832 . 

Grown Inc 
Do Aceum 
ngh VMS 


Do Aoeum 
Amu ft Gen 

American Thai - 
For Em ft Gan 
incoma TYuM 
japan Growth 
Smafl CneenlK 
Th CH nologf ' ' 





675 725 
782 011. 

.67.6 Tin 
701 810fr 
9*5 1085 +U B3B 
1103 1275# •£? 210 
513 57#e r.-aa 
. 4*0-063 +*7 100 

y Tin# „ 13M 14*3 415 230 

Cmvaen Growtn ■ 495 -627- - -05*30 
Hong Kong gt* 03S# +4U 109 

WA TOP3T iLRKT lUMOBiaff . A - - 
KLCgrW*, BdtoOutfl... ^-.d- 

guroaftm Gp ftt tcv j«0 -« are 

P acthc w n Energy '3D 134 -03 03? 

CaradotoB# OBI _ S&o jSUKs +p a 0 
GtoMi ASM Fpo 81025 10000 +fig 0p 

g ogrew oAUtuTOT trust s M st Aaroa ■ 

IWIM**- ’• ' 

Sltl Ud -Or Fund 0*3 603# +05 000 

0140ft 6331 ” « 

pamrft Eooey 
BrOWB . . _ . , 

Growtn _ 




05 .827 

• BrdWdreid. c Cran etivMencL -SrCor 
Stock Stft. a ex stock spot SI Cun 0 
(Bny two or more abow), • Bt as {bo 
twoor morn of ahc;rt:^D#a8an a 
vobtbm < 

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monoi. (3?) 21st- re 3rt 

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year for 

JfejO TiniOrZmc’s 9J5 per r*»nr 
increase, in attributable prof- 
its to. £236 million, with 
per store up by a 
ainiiar proportion to 76 .lp, 
.:■» 50 distorted by currency 
L conversions as to disguise the 
tn« extent of the company’s 
achievement. Any mining 
company which event stands 
still at the moment is doing 
well. One which generates 
almost £1 billion in cash is 
doing very well indeed. 

. The most vivid illustration 
of the currency problem is 
that costs dropped sharply 
■from £5.23 billion to £4.53 
billion almost solely because 
of the translation effect. But 
the cruriai feet about RTZ is 
that,' with the unfortunate 
rand marginal exception of 
Cornwall, its many business* 
es around the world are 
strong and profitable 

.The recent re-rating of the 
shares was in large part a 
recognition of this. Any im- 
provement in metal prices, 
particularly copper and 
aluminium, would have a 
'dramatic- impact on p ro fi t s . 

. - .For the moment, however, 
RTZ has to put up with poor 
ipetal prices, which depressed 
«*b6 metals sector’s contribu- 
tion io 21 per cent of earn- 
ings. ' The exception was 
uranium. Resting made net 
profits of £26.5 million after 
benefiting' from strong de- 
mand from electricty utilities 
and from sales being denomi- 
nated in dollars. . 

So, after the peculiar effect 
of currency translation Africa 
chipped in with net attribut- 
able profits of no 'less than 
£38 million on a turnover of 
•just £314 million. 

Industry's share of profits 
also fell, this time to 48 per 
cent. - While cement prices 
went up for the' first time in 
three years, borax, glass and 
'the engineering side ail suf 
from slack demand. 
: The -weaker dollar did not 
help profits from America, 

. But to the rescue came 
energy, chiefly in the shape of 
the 29.8 per. cent stake in 
Enterprise Oil The first full- 
year earnings from Enterprise 
came- to £16.3 million, al- 
though RTZ Oil and Gas was 
more or less unchanged at 
£14.6 million. 

This year’s Iowcf oil prices 
win obviously depnss earn- 
ings in the energy sector, but 
they could also present RTZ 
Kirn sometemptingjakeover 
targets, arid the .group as a : 
whole shouktgsm from lower 
mining costs and increased 
world economic activity. : 

Wiihlbedjvidendnpby 10 
per cent ip a total of 22p, 
7ving -a yield of 3 per cent, 
e shares are not underrated. 


Burmah Oil 

The sale of the Bahamas 
terminal, announced yester- 
day, must be regarded as 
something of a coup for 
Burmahu Anything short of 
outright sale would probably 
have left the company with 
unlimited commitments to 
ty rent to the Bahamian 
_Dvemmenl for the terminal 
site. -As it is, Burmah has 
taken an extraordinary loss of 
£21 million in 1985. 

With the disposal of five 
tankers at a further cost of 
£9.1 million and the write- 
down of its two remaining 
ships to scrap value, Burmah 
can feirly be said to have 
extricated itself from the 
legacy of over-expansion in 
shipping, dating from the 
early 1970s. Even the two 
remaining Ships are breaking 
even oh a cash basis, as the 
costs of lay-up of the one are 
being met from the charter of 
the other. 

Burmah has been busy 
restructuring elsewhere. The. 

sale in 1985 of most of 
Quinton HazeB, Rawlplug 
and other non-core business- 
es was complemented with 
strategic acquisitions in spe- 
ciality chemicals. Potential 
future losses on the LNG 
: contracts are being made at 
the rate. of about £4 million a 
year for the five years beyond 
1998 for which the carriers 
have no contracts. 

This leaves Burmah with a 
bit of restructuring outstand- 
ing. Sales of the rump of 
Quinton Hazdl, QH Auto- 
motive and Partco, and other 
businesses including Maccess 
and Kerry Ultrasonics, are 
expected , to raise up to £40 
million in .1986. Oil produc- 
tion contributed 12 per cent 
of profits in 1985, and this is 
likely to be well down in 1986 
as Thistle is in decline and, of 
couree,the oil price is much 
lower. The company looks to 
be in good shape financially. 
Gash flows in 1986 will be 
healthy without the drain of 
shipping and the Bahamas 
terminal. Write-offs are prob- 
ably at an end, and debt is 
down to 30 per cent of 
shareholders’ funds. 

A bid will be unwelcome, 
but hungry predators could 
return with renewed appe- 
tites. Tie stockmarket seems 
to thinks so. The shares have 
bucked the trend in oils, 
rising 26p to 363p on 
yesterday’s news. 


Yesterday’s news from two of 
Britain's leading building 
contractors, John Laing and 
Mowlem, centred largely 
around their non-contracting 
businesses, such is the state of 
the industry. To keep growing 
both companies have had to 
diversify on a large scale. 

Mowlem's profits from 
construction fell from £7.6 
million to £6.4 million, but it 
still managed to lift group 
profits from 10.6- million to 
£13.1 million. 

John Laing however in- 
creased its bunding and engi- 
neering profit, and that 
contributed to increased prof- 
its of £34.1 million, up from 
£303 minion, before tax. 

The two are however not 
strictly comparable as 
Mowlem takes profits as each 
contract progresses, whereas 
laing tends not to lake any 
until the end of a contract. 

- 'Both, were glad of; their 
newer” activities. .-.In 
Mowlem's case Bnebler In- 
ternational, its American lab- 
oratory equipment company, 
which it floated off last year, 
contributed £5.6 million 
Which is more than half the 
pre-interest totaL 

And while it has been 
successful in gaining new 
building work, there is now 
more emphasis on manage- 
ment contracting. In addition 
there is the new excitement of 
various docklands develop- 
ments including Stoiport 

Whereas Mowlem has only 
recently entered the 
housebuilding market 
through the acquisition of 
Booth, Laing isan established 
housebuilder and last year 
sold 2^00 homes very profit- 
ably. It has great hopes of its 
property business and other 
new areas. 

The market seems to prefer 
Mowlem’s diversifications. 
At 41 2p its shares are trading 
on a multiple of 1 1.8 prospec- 
tive earnings, which repre- 
sents a two-point premium to 
Laing’s rating with its "A” 
shares at 408p. 

That could .reflect 
investors’ worries about Sau- 
di Arabia, but Laing 1ms had 
to chaige £6.98 million below 
the line last year and this 
should be the end of the 

RHM to amalgamate 
chocolate companies 

Ranks Hovis McDougall is to 
amalgamate its three bulk 
chocolate manufacturing 
companies • . . . 

The new group wul hold 60 
per cent of the 45 , 000 -tonne 
British market of bulk choco- 
late for further manufacture. 

The Stewart & Arnold, Cax- 
ton Group - its turnover will 
be about £60 million — brings 
together the technical re- 
sources of the companies in a 
market which is feeing in- 
creasing competition from 
French and Belgium imports 

Mr Colin Watts group sales 
and marketing director, said: 



ABN — 

Adasi & Company. 
BCC1 — 

OW ■ — ■ — - 

Citibank SawnesT 
ConsaWata! Ods 
Canfflenial Trust. 
Gwperame Bank 
C. Hoars & Co-- 
Lloyds Bar* — 
Nat Weshmnsia 



11 55% 




11 . 00 % 

11 . 00 % 

CSU 4 NBIBI — ■ — 

Bank of Scotland 


enfoark NA-~ — 

f Motm Ratc -_ 


Institutions flood back 
as outlook brightens 

Institutional investors re- 
turned in force yesterday, 
pushing the FT 30 share index 
back oveT the 1400 leveL 

They were encouraged by 
the cheerful outlook for infla- 
tion and interest rates and a 
flood of favourable statements 
from a broad spread of 

After four days of drifting 
prices in which the the FT 30 
had fallen nearly 50 points it 
gained 25 points to close at 
1401.5 while the FT-SE 100 
share index raced away to 
dose at 1690.3, a gain of 31.3 
points on the day. 

- Industrials bounced back 
with Glaxo 52p higher at 
1015pand!CI 17p to the good 

BICC was op 18p to 358p 
on news of an Australian 
listing for a subsidiary, while 
British Telecom recouped 6p 
to 268p now that the final call 
has been made. 

Tobacco companies were to 
the fore following an Ameri- 
cas federal court ruling fa- 
vouring the producers in the 
cigarette warnings case. BAT 
Industries went up 45p to 
4I8p while Grand Met, at 
41 8p and Rothmans at 154p 
improved 13p and 6p res- 

Takeover speculators were 

? *ven their daily boost by an 
H Tomkins bid for Pegler- 
Hattersley. PegJer, a strong 
market in recent weeks, was 

ahead another 8Sp to 560p 
while Tomkins was up 39p to 

There was evidence of 
American buying in certain 
quarters. Jaguar, for example, 
jumped 40p to 478p and Lex 
Service Group was another 
good spot at 381p, up 14p. 

Of the numerous company 
statements crossing the tapes. 
Rnberoid at 271p, Hevraeo 
Smart 66p, John Mowlem 
4l2p, Evered 3l0p, William 
Baird 6l5p, and Bemrose 
183p, advanced between 8p 
and 45p. 

In contrast Cookson drop- 
ped 28p to 520p on disap- 
pointment with the 30 per 
cent increase ‘in earnings and 
Rio Tinto-Zinc also failed to 
please at 719p, down 5p. 

Oils picked up with the spot 
price, helped by good results 
and the sale of a loss-making 
terminal by Bnnnali, 27p 
firmer at 364p. Hooting Petro- 
leum gained IZpmore to 120p 
on further reflection of 
Wednesday's figures. 

Profit-taking clipped 5p 
from Torner & Newall at 226p 
and Smith Industries lost 
another 1 3p to 29 1 p on further 
reaction to Wednesday’s half- 
time statement. 

• Weir Group, of which F H 
Tomkins has been mentioned 
as a possible predator, fell 8p 
to 1 34p but better than expect- 
ed profits added 2p to Simon 
Engineering at 228p. 

McKeciuue. another specu- 
lative favourite, improved 
Up to 224p ahead of next 




M V (1S0p: 

BPP (I60p> 
Brookmount (I60pi 
Chart FL(86p| 
Chancery Secs 
Corn 9% A 
Cranawick M (95p) 
Dialene (If * 

Gm Trot (! 
Qranyte Surface ( 
fnoco (S5p) 

JS Pathology (160p) 
Jarvis Porter (10Sp) 
Klearfdd (11 to) 
Lexicon (115p) 
Macro 4 poSp) 
Menwate M (115p) 
Norank Sys (90p) 
Realty Useful (33 


223 +3 
£31 Wi 
28 'j 
151 +16 

111 +3 

SAC Ml (lOOp) 

SPP (125p) 

Tempjeton (21 5p) 

Sigmex (10ip) 

Snowdon 6 B (97p) 

fSmffl f30p) 
Underwoods (IBOp) 
Welcome (I20p> 

W York Hosp (fop) 
Wk*es (UOp) 

Cullens F/P 
Greycoat N/P 
Hartwens N/P 
NMW Comp F/P 
Porter cned F/P 
Safeway UK 
Wates F/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 







201 -1 
201 +1 

280 +5 

£49 '4 


Thursday’s interim. 

Apricot celebrated a new 
contract with a 7p rise lo 94p 
and A mstrad continued to 
benefit from the Sinclair deal, 
508p up ]4p. Speculative in- 
terest stimulated Audio tronic 
at I4p up 2*/«p. 

Electricals climbed out of 
the doldrums with GEC at 
198p. Plessey 222p and Racal 
I94p. all between 8p and lOp 
better. United Scientific re- 
covered 15p to 1 53p on the 
settlement of the Alvis strike, 
and Oxford Instruments, at 
565p up 25p, continued to 
benefit from the recent 

In builders, John I -sing was 
up 2Ip to 41 Ip after a 13 per 
cent improvement. Caparo 
rallied bp to Sip after 
yesterday’s disappointing fig- 
ures but losses took Sp from 
Grosvenor Group at 90p. 
Scusa. reporting later this 
month, put on 5p to 158p 
amid vague talks ofa bid from 
Automated Security. 

Firm food retailers featured 
Argyll Group at 378p up 20p. 

Stores rallied 5p to I Op with 
W H Smith up 6p to 322p. 

Properties had several firm 
spots with Stockley active at 
83p, up 6p on hopes of a bid 
from P & O, 12p higher at 

Banks were largely neglect- 
ed, no doubt worried about 
possible further American fail- 

Clearers poised for 
wider role in Japan 

From David Smith, Tokyo 

British banks are set to play 
a major role in the opening up 
of the Japanese securities in- 
dustry. County Bank Asia, a 
subsidiary of National West- 
minster, has already been 
invited to apply for a securi- 
ties licence in Tokyo. 

Subsidiaries of the other 
clearing banks arc expected to 
be included in the next round 
oflicenccs. towards the end of 
this year. 

Japanese law, specifically 
Article 65 of the Banking and 
Securities Regulations, re- 
quires that banks own no 
more than 50 per cent of 
securities operations. Because 
of this. National Westminster 
has gone into partnership with 
BP and the Swire Group to set 
up the Hong Kong-registered 
County Bank Asia. 

Lloyds Bank, through its 
Lloyds Merchant Bank arm. 
intends to specialize in the 
Japanese bond market, after 
establishing an appropriate 50 
per cent-owned subsidiary. 

Barclays will merge the 
Tokyo representative offices 
of Barclays Merchant Bank 
and de Zoete & Sevan in June, 
while Midland will operate 
through Samuel Montagu. 

Both banks have reached 
tentative agreement with as 
yet unnamed partners for 
subsidiary status. 

Currently, the four major 
British banks all stress differ- 
ent areas of activity. National 
Westminster is first in the 
securities field and is actively 
expanding its foreign ex- 
change dealing operations in 

Tokyo, with particular em- 
phasis on Swaps. 

Barclays is the only one of 
four the clearers to have irusr' 
banking status in Japan. 

Mr Michael Tomalin.* 
Barclays general manager for. 
Japan, sees the management 
of certain types of non-discre- 
tionary funds, the so-called' 
Tokkin funds, as a particularly 
promising area. 

Lloyds is strong on expon 
finance in Japan, which will b^- 
under lined if the proposed 
takeover of Standard Char- 
tered goes through. Standard- 
Chartered has four branches 
in Japan to two of Lloyds 

Midland is the only one oi 
the four to have a Japanese 
national heading its local op- 
eration. Mr Keiichi Yoshida. 
Midland has been successful/ 
in managing Japanese invesl-f 
mem in Britain. 

Ex-statesmen urge 
UK to join EMS J 

Former national leaders 
meeting in Japan, yesierdaf 
called on Britain to contribute 
to world economic stability by 
joining the European Mone- 
tary System immediately. f 

The former leaders, include 
ing Here Helmut Schmidt o\ 
West Germany, Mr Pierrt 
Trudeau of Canada, MrTakec 
Sukuda of Japan and Serioi 
Adolfo Suarez of Spain, saic 
full British membershipoftht 
EMS is a necessary first ste[ 
towards securing exchange 
rate stability berween Europe 
the US and Japan. 


Here is a booklet which brings together details of the whole range of 
schemes designed to get more people into work. 

Ws called ‘Action for Jobs? - and brings together initiatives in the fields 
of training employment and enterprise 

The booklet shows the number of schemes in operation - probably far 
more than you thought It explains how they relate to each other to create 
conditions in which employment and businesses can grow and flourish. 

Training for today and tomorrow 
There is an important range of schemes to enable people to acquire 
the skills, and firms to acquire the skilled workforce, ■; 

essential for tomorrow's industry and commerce / 

. . The booklet emphasises the right vocational training %*-./ ; : 

for school-leavers, schemes for adult workers to be trained 
and re-trained, and includes details of help for industry - & 

especially small firms - to enable them to train their 
workforce. Aral keep them trained. 

Creating new work opportunities 

There are also schemes which, help those who have been out of work . 
for a long time to get back into work again on projects which benefit them 
and the communities in which they live 

Encouraging enterprise 

The creation of flourishing small businesses is a major factor in the 
development of our economy, and for generating new employment oppor- 
unities. This booklet explains the various ways in which enterprise is being 
helped and encouraged to overcome the many difficulties and obstacles. 

One thing is common to all: they are 
designed to help people help themselves and 
create jobs for the future. 

For your copy of the Action for Jobs* 
booklet send in the the coupon below, or pick one 
up at your main Post Office, your local Jobcentre 
or local Unemployment Benefit Office 

M A number of companies on 
tbe Continent are starting to 
look at tbe UK market; where 
chocolate consumption is very 
high.” . 

Tbe group supphes choco- 
late and chocolate coating? to 
Nabisco, Lyons Maid and 
“Mr Kipling” cakes, and -it 
produces own label confec- 
tionery products fin*. Marks 
and Spencer, Fine Fare and 
the Argyll Group. 


Ladbroke Group: Mr Mi- 
duel B Hint and Mr Jerry F 
0*Mahoay have been ap- 
pointed executive directors. 

Ladbroke Racing; MrBerjis 
Daver has become managing 
director, UK racing division. 

Heritage Housewares: Mr 
Peter Gorii has been named as 
a non-executive director. 

G D Underwood: Mr Eric R 
Boxall has- become financial 


WonderWorkL Mr John 
Ferguson has become manag- ; 
ing director and Mr Georj 
Walker has Joined tbe boarc 

Sea Oil Homco: Mr Howard 
Stapleton has been named as 
managing director. 

Benvin Leighton: Mr I Cj 
Lowe, Mr J PKefletand Miss 
JMPowefl are lobe partners. 

Donald Macpherson & Co; 
Mr Roger _B LericL is to be ] 
managing director. 

To: Action for Jobs. Curzon House, 20-24 Lonsdale Road, London NW6 6RD. 
Please send me the 'Action for Jobs’ booklet 

htwem JKuaaxqja yew local Jc&nafkerloi iiAduefet 

PrograimnRb> its Department of Dnjrttytnen; and fQRC 

meUanpo^5erii'cesCommi»ion * v **JVr* - 







Preliminary results to 31 December 1985 

Competition brings wealth 
of new ideas, says Bank 

By Sarah Hogg 
Economics Editor 

1985 Another Successful Year 

international financial mar- 
kets have been transformed by 
the recent pace of innovation, 
according to the Bank of 




The Bj 

® Profit after tax up 43 per cent 
* Dividend increased by 19 per cent 



Profit before tax 

Profit after tax 

Earnings per stock unit 

34.9 pence 

24.4 pence 

Net gearing 

Strategic Progress 

New investment in Castrol and Speciality Chemicals exceeded £40 million. 
Bahamas Terminal sale, just announced, and earlier disposal of five tankers 
marks culmination of Burmah’s strategy for crude oil shipping. 

C46 million proceeds from sale of several Quinton Hazell operations, FJawIpJug 
and other businesses. 

TTo d—ajri «n» n Kun rummt c a no 
Imai aw***: a> 9 JSo (** Ci un« & wwv 
nee * Tooum * ««.* ra - mpm !, ttvOrncl DM 
OMOK«nwe< ■’he uui V 
net HAT, i»v< jenas x 1 'esm O ro 1365 

0 12 ’IcwCiif'iO 1 onjn w. Trie 

tne* »«si?so "i jswsefl **e*M*»on 

1 Juft >986 fcj S7£s>ncw«r» an m* lopoiw 

«i 16643V E386 

The Squres Ip. ■!*? yean io J> DecanW 
i»»«« iW'nesoeawwareeMcn 

tfnaKd non me Grouo s Sj* accounts roi 
wnnc B 0 »iW«SCB 

xcourfe are ine MDiea c* ungtUMiM 
«Hi«t '»txrt4 on*v iw Mr me I'-rtKv 
te& nave >o dole o-e* iiiea nun bv Registrar 

m» trr» J g,a r ctr‘jn<e J ea*jm^ot3t*’‘ma 

fteaGM— ise-vo+Ga>z»wJOVn »W 

The Bank's annual survey 
of developments in interna- 
tional banking and capital 
markets, published today in 
the Quarterly Bulletin, focuses 
on the “intense competition” 
between financial intermedi- 
aries in the securities market, 
which it argues has created 
pressure to innovate as a 
means of winning mandates 

and compensating for lower 
fees and spreads. 

It lists five key innovations 
whose use developed marked- 
ly in 1955: 

• Note issuance facilities 
(NIFs), first arranged in 1981. 
but with the strongest growth 
taking place since 1984. In 
1985, the Bank points out, $33 
billion of NIFs were arranged, 
bringing the total of under- 
written NIFs in place to $60 

• Eurocommercial paper fa- 
cilities, first developed to- 
wards the end of 1 984. During 
1985, the Bank calculates, at 
least $16 billion of 
eurocommercial paper facili- 
ties were arranged. 

• Financial futures. These, of 
course; are fairly long-estab- 
lished, but the range of con- 
tracts has increased. However, 
eurodollar interest rate con- 
tracts remain the most used in 
both the United States and the 
United Kingdom. According 


Fixed rate bond Issues 
by fKUT-residents 
of which: 

aval currency bonds 
Bond issues by Japanese 
Floating-rate notes 
Credits tor non-residents 

278 2,427 

French francs 

- 393 

Italian fire 

Floating-rate notes 
Zero-coupon bonds 

- 1.034 

- 163 

fli Opening up by Japan of the 
euroyen and samurai bond 

• Measures to open up the 
franc eurobond market by the 
French Government in April, 
1985. and the decision to 
permit a commercial paper 
market in France last 

• Liberalization of the marie 
foreign bond sector in West 
Germany from last Mav. 

• Further changes in Holland 
and- Italy. 

• Measures to facilitate the 
issue of short-term sterling 
bonds with matunues be- 
tween one and five years m the 
United Kingdom. 

The Bank says these 

changes have led to an increas- 
ing number of examples of the 
intermediation of capital 

to the Bank, these involved 
open interest of approaching 
$200 billion in the two coun- 
tries together by the end of 
1985. The Bank also points to 
the development of forward 
rate contracts (FRAs) as a 
significant innovation in 

• Straps, where the market 
grew rapidly in both 1984 and 
1985. By the end of 1985, 
there were estimated to be 
about $200 billion of swaps 
outstanding, with the volume 
of interest rate swaps consid- 
erably exceeding other types. 

• Options. Currency options, 
which have Men traded on the 
Philadelphia Stock Exchange 
since 1982, were introduced 
on the London Stock Ex- 

change and the London Inter- 
national Financial Futures 
Exchange in 1985. However, 
the Bank points out that the 
international bond markets 
have long provided instru- 
ments such as convertible 
bonds and equity warrants, or 
even capped floating-rate 
notes, with some of the same 
characteristics as options. 

The Bank argues that world- 
wide deregulation has played 
its part, along with innova- 
tion, in bringing about a 
growing integration between 
what were formerly discrete 
market sectors. It lists a 
substantial programme of de- 
regulation measures in the 
capital markets of several 
major economies in 1985, 

intermediation of capital 
flows between investors and 
borrowers in the same country 
through international mar- 
kets. It points out that the 
development of interest rate 
and currency swap techniques 
have played a key role in the 
integration of markets, and 
discerns a possible “shift in 
attitudes” among market par- 
ticipants co “accepting and 
even favouring innovation as 
a continuing feature”. 

In the future, the Bank 
argues, changes in the eco- 
nomic environment may be 
met with new financial tech- 
niques more quickly than in 
the past. It points to growing 
interest in finance through the 
issue of short-term paper as a 
development of particular 

r t p Swetam ^ 

• Tr-e fltrrrvjn C* Puffc LmBed Corroany. . 

' Bv/mar w.ius*. Aav Swindon " 

I vwsSttt'RE 

| P<e&3» sfrXJms a cooyoMre Annual Report 

t ana Accounts <945 

Embassy to spend £31m on its hotels 

The Burmah Oil Public Limited Company 

Headquarters Burmah House. Ppers Way. Swindon Wits. SN3 IRE 

,T — „ ■*" ' 

Embassy, the Allied-Lyons 
subsidiary which is Britain's 
sixth largest hotel group, plans 
to spend £31 million over the 
next two years in its biggest 
ever drive to improve 32 of its 
46 hotels around the country. 

Among the additions will be 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 
sports and leisure facilities — Embassy has spent about £15 

indoor swimming pools, sau- 
nas. tennis and squash courts 
— 12 conference and meetings 
suites, plus more than 250 

In the past three years, 

million on refurbishing as well 
as acquiring nine hotels. 
Thanks mainly to that invest- 
ment. net profit after interest 
in the last mil year climbed by 
half, Mr Struan Wiley. Embas- 

sy Hotels' chairman, said. 

The company's properties 
are now mainly thrte-star 
s tandar d or above, the Picca- 
dilly in Manchester being a 
five-star establishment in 
which another £1.5 million is 
being invested. 

"ViioMAS robinson & 
Rudd, the 


SERVICES' Fwud dividend 6p. 
nr the option of a Klip BMG. 

ordinary activnjw 
£72Sm»lhoa (£3.19 mgxwl. 
Extraordinary iwns « 
£5 1 7 million 1 credit £6.04 

• DSC ^HOLDINGS: The corn- 
pan, is to buy toe goodWTH, 
filed assets and siueks of Pol- 
lards Jewellers Scnnctt for 
£35.000 cash, plus a fanner 
pavmcnt for stocks at valuation. 
in ms. PoUards .earned a gross 
profit of £556.000 ot safes of 

£1 :j million. .... 

The group has disposed or 
certain non-essential properties 
for £525.000 cash. 

SONS: The company has sold 
its 76.61 per cent bojdmg . n 

' Boucheries Bernard, which op- 
erates a chain of retail butchers 
in France, to Mr Gilbert Salo- 
mon. i; win receive 42.2 million 
francs (£3.9 million, compared 
with a book value, of £2.9 

million i. _ 

nsels have been exchanged for 
the sale of the land and build- 
ings at Woi5ton. Warwickshire, 
for £250.000 cash. 

The board plans to raise 
£480.000 by a rights issue of 3 
million new ordinary shares .at 
16p each on a threc-for-onc 
basis. After the issue. Mowai’s 
capital will comprise 4 million 
ordinary shares of lOp each. 

Terms have been agreed for tot 
acquisition of toe long lease hold 
interest in the Northern and 
Shell Building. Mill Harbour. 
London Enterprise. Zone. Isle of 
Dogs. The price was' £1-4 mil- 
lion cash. 

As WPFs offer , has become 
unconditional as to acceptances, 
the board advises shareholders 
either to accept the offer or. if 
they want cash, to consider 
sell mg in the market 

est accounts show compensa- 
tion of £25.000 pibd to Mr D R 
Greenhough. who relinquished 
executive duties on Dec. 31. 
1981 This was paid as Mr 
Greenhough .bad .waived the 
right under bis service agree- 
ment io-I2 months'’ notice. He 
remains a director. 


William Baird 


Continued growth in 1985 
gives confidence for the future 

Summary of Results 

Year ended 31st December 

Profit before tax 
Profit after tax 











Earnings per share . 56.8p 475p +20% 

Dividends per share (net) ; 19.415p 17.5p +11% 

The Chairman, Mr. T.D. Parr, CBE \ reports: 

* Record profit achieved in 1985 with significantly increased 
contributions from both the textile and the engineering 




Long-term business profit 21.72 

Short-term business loss (6.97) 

Shareholders’ net 

investment income 1.69 

After tax results for the year 17.69 

Total ordinary dividend for year 15.84 


The directors recommend a final dividend of 
28.75p per ordinary share. Including the increased 
interim, the total ordinary dividend for the year will be 
44p, at a cost of £1 5,840,000, against 38p for 1 984. 

New life business 

Industrial Branch: 469,048 assurances issued 
for annual premiums of £31,576,000. New business 
production at a similar level to 1984. 

Ordinary Branch: ^ 

1 09,1 59 life assurance and JL 
annuity policies issued Mn\\ 

(by the Company and its 

subsidiaries), increase of +T1 pT?3p » 

nearly 23 per cent on 

1984. Total premiums 
increase of i ^ 
40 per cent jjgjja 
on 1984. j£J§=6 

Long-term premium income 

Total long-term premium inpome, including 
subsidiaries, increased from £336,539,000 to 

Valuation surplus for parent company 

Surplus for year £1 26,066,000 in the Ordinary 
Branch and £97,547,000 in the industrial Branch. 
£200,974,000 (including £21,378,000 relating to 
cost of special Ordinary Brandi reversionary bonus) 
allocated to policyholders. £21,718,000 allocated 
to shareholders (including £2,375,000 attributable 
to special bonus). Remainder carried forward. 

Short-term business 

Premium income increased from £82,835,000 
to £86,955,000 in the General Branch and from 
£12,984,000 to £13,982,000 in the Marine, aviation 
and transport account 

General Branch underwriting loss £22,386,000, 
reduced to trading loss of £7, 714,000 after crediting 
investment income and tax relief. £1,250,000 
credited to the account from Claims Equalisation 
Reserve and £6,464,000 from Profit and Loss 

Marine, aviation and transport transfer to 
Profit and Loss increased from £540,000 in 1984 
^ to £747,000. 

1 Pearfs world of msurance aims to meet most Insurance needs. | 

* Final dividend of IL715p per share - up 11%. 

* One-for-two scrip issue recoxnmoidecL 

* Further encouraging progress in Baird Textiles, including 
Dannimac, with increased profitability stemming from 
improvements in design and productivity. 

•k Sound profit growth from the thermal insulation, and other 
specialist engineering activities of Darchem. 

* The encouraging results achieved in recent years reflect the 
underlying strength of the Group's businesses and provide a 
sound basis for confidence in the future. 

The Secretary, William Baird PLC, 79 Mount Street, London Wl Y 5HJ. 

This, adwriisenwiu u issued in compliance with the requirement* off he C onnctlnj The S/Oi k Exchange. 
■ h does not const iiure an invitmiou io the public to * uhsenbe for or purchase anv secant tt s. 



(InaiTporaicd and regisered in England under the Companies Acts 114X n> jysj 

Share capital of .. . 
Mercury International Group pk 



43.000. 000 

18.000. 000 


Ordinary Shares uf 25p each 

ft per ccnL'A" Cmv-trtiNe Preference Share- uf 1 1 eacfj 
n peT cent. B" Orovertihte Preference Sha re*. of £ | each 
•A' Convertible Deferred Shares of 25p each 
■B‘ Convertible Deterred Shares of 2Sp each 
Preference Shares of E I each 

Issued and lobe 
issued* fufiv paid 


Pearls world of insurance aims to meet most Insurance needs, 
whether individual family ex’ business. 1b obtain further mtormation, 
without obligation, just fill in this coupon and send to Ihe address 
below (tick boxes of particular interest). 

□ low Cost Endowments □ Unit Linked Policies 

D Pensions □ House/Home □ Motor D Trade 

Ik 11 a J la. 

District Offices 
throughout the UK. 


. ^ , Send to: 


High Holbom, London WC1V 7EB. 

• Assuming tall jccepJance of the utter dated 3rd March. IVHft for theshnr^.j vji : c 

been determined, hut are evpecied to he antumneed m J„K |uKft ****** not yd 

issued. - tntemaiinnal Gnigp pk issued and t» be 

Usting Particular relating to Mercury Imemalumal Group pk and ihe 

Convrnibh; Preference Share?, have been published and ettpies ni such mn^h 0rd ™ r > A 

normal business fom* oncif Iftlh ApriL iVHiS fnrni ihe Commies aL.iu 
T hmgmunnn StreeL London EC2P 2BT and on anv 

and utduding 2Kih Apnl. 19H6 from: ' ^ u ^'- 1Ild PU^hiilKla\se\ccpkd)upio 

Row A Pitman. 

I Finsbury Avenue. 
London. EC'2M 2 PA. 

Mercuty International Group pk. 
•L’ King William Street. 
London. ECJK WAS. 


12 Token house-YailL 
London. fcC2R 7 AN. 

i 1th ApnL IfSh 


iit 1 

-ilk n 

.•>*' .zr 

• ' -i i:\ 

! _ ' iri ir.r 

I st<„. 

??*■*» 5V . 7* ■- 




Debt crisis refuses to go away 

. . _ ■ii.MWIT lI Lilian ha cn in All: 

From Bailey Moms, Washington 

hi the tour years since cycling of oiWollars in the 
Mexico first shocked the J970s win never be paid; it 
world by declaring its inability will only be managed on a 
tp pay foreign debts, world year-to-year basis. ; 
finance ministers have had It is within this context" that 

good reason to congratulate Western finance ministers are 
themselves. asking tough new questions in 

The global financial system their evaluations -this week of. 
held together. The world debt the finan cing needs of stag- 
problem, estimated at up to rant -debtor nations over the 
$700 billion (£480 billion), next difficult year, 
was managed. There was even In . their deliberations over 
evidence that some important the $29 billion debt initiative 
developing nations moved prepared by Mr James Baker, 
onto the right growth track in US Treasury Secretary, a con- 
adopting necessary but painfnl sensus is growing that until 
domestic economic reforms. capital flight' is arrested in 
But since 1982, the debt debtor nalicras, it will be a case 
crisis, while managed, has of throwing good money after 
refused to go away. Some bad. 

leading financial experts pre- Indeed, stanching the flow 
diet the debt nightmare will of capital from depressed 
never go away as long as Third .World economies is 
capital flight and government becoming, a dominant theme 
excesses continue to plague as mimsters attending the 
Third World economies. joint semi-annual meeting of 
This was the message of a the World Bank and the 
conference this week spon- International Monetary Fund 
sored by Mr Jimmy Carter, debate the conditions under 
the former American presi- which new money will be 
dent, in Atlanta. channelled to debtor nations. 

Latin American leaders slat- The new study by a New 
ed publicly what international York bank, which examined 
bankers have muttered in the balance sheet of 23 debtor 
private. The debt accumulated nations from 1978 to 1983, 
by nations during the re- found that of the $381.5 

James Baker: prepared a 
$29 billion debt initiative 
billion they added to their 
foreign debts, more th a n 
$103.1 billion flowed back out 
in capital flight. 

In February alone, more 
than $3 billion in capital was 
sent out of Mexico by nervous 
investors concerned about the 
health of their nation's 

Mr Walter Wriston, former 
chairman of Citicorp, startled 
a luncheon audience at the 
Manhattan Institute when he 
said.'** Most people believe the 
flight of capital from Latin 
America on deposit in New 
York and Miami exceeds the 
total capital remaining in 
those countries." 

This continuing naemor- 

Darid Muifbrd: reforms for 
debtor nations 
rhage of resources prompted 
Mr Wriston to say. what 
government finance ministers 
have also stated. “There is no 
point in lending money to 
Mexico until it lets its curren- 
cy float, brings inflation down 
and reduces its deficit Until 
this occurs, there is nothing a 
lender can do to help." 

This “domestic side" of the 
debt crisis is now dominating 
negotiations. But developing 
nations are highly critical of 
the notion of even tougher, 
more specific conditions at- 
tached to loans from banks 
and the IMF. 

Mr David Mulford, assis- 
tant US Treasury Secretary, 
alluded to the new emphasis 

when be said in Atlanta this 
week that “there are many 
non-pain ful reforms debtor 
nations can take". 

The sources of capital flight 
are numerous but the domi- 
nant cause is fearful investors 
who have little faith in the 
management of their own 

Corruption is another cause 
as shown by recent events in 
Africa and the Philippines. 
From 1978 to 1983, when the 
Philippines borrowed an esti- 
mated $19.1 billion, more 
than $8.9 billion left the 

Mr George Ayiuey, of Gha- 
na, who is an assistant profes- 
sor of economics at 
Bloom sburg University in 
Pennsylvania, estimates that 
during the height of the oil 
boom in 1978, corrupt Nigeri- 
an officials were transferring 
$25 million a day out of the 

The study also estimates 
that President Sese Seka of 
Zaire amassed $5 billion in 
Swiss bank accounts - 

The excesses are countered 
by a few solid success stories, 
-such as that of Brazil. Even 
modest reforms launched by 
the new democratic govern- 
ment have brought big gains. 




Evered Holdings pic 

A team committed to growth 





t - 




For copies of the Annual Report . 

please write to The Secretary 
Evered Holdings pic 
York House 38 42 Chertsey Street 
Guildford Suney GUI 4HD 



dividend for 1985 (3. Ip). Turn- 
over £16.29 million (£19.14 
million)- Pretax loss £1.25 mil- 
lion (loss £1.52 million). 

Results for half year to Decem- 
ber 31. Consolidated operating 
profit $Ausl-3 million 
($Aus878.000 loss). Earnings 
per share 5.7c. Turnover rose by 
69 per cent to $Aus6.5 million. 
Investment and other income 
SAus4 34.000 (SAus 108,000). 


The chairman. Mr Ron Bnerley. 
said company was withdrawing 
its partial bid for North Broken 
HiuHokJings because of the 
difficulties and delays caused by 
legal proceedings over shares 
purchased earlier . 

TION: The company is in better 

shape this year than many of the 

last four years, the chairman 
says in the annual report. 


counts show compensation of 
£25,000 pajd to Mr D R 
Greenhough, who relinquished 
executive duties on December 
31. The compensation was paid 
as he' had waiyed rights to 1 2 
months' notice ondernis service 
agreement He remains a 

GAS: The chairman, Mr A R G 
McGibbon. said in bis annual 
statement that the company 
expected to concentrate us ef- 
forts this year on further ap- 
praisal of structure on blocks 
29/4a and 29/5a in the North 

SCSI* ■ 1 ^ 

board said that a tentative bid 
approach had bcen-raade. How- 
ever, it seemed unlikely at dm 
stage that any offer would he 

Results For 26 weeks to March l. 
Interim dividend_0.9p (0.7). 

Figures in £000. Pretax prof 

5.9p (3.9). Trading since March 
I has been encouraging. The 

company is to raise about £3.8 
million by the issue of 1 .499,755 
ordinary shares by way of an 
underwritten rights issue on the 
basis of one new share for every 
six ordinary at 265p a share. 

Results for year to December 
28. Final dividend 6p (5.5), 
making 8.75p (8L25). Figures in 
£000. Pretax profit ' 2.737 
(2.574), including associated 
company's profit 187 (loss 168) 
but after interest 267 (17). 
Earnings per share 14.25p 
(1 1.82) The board said that the 
fall in interest rates coupled with 
law oil prices led to expectation 
that the improved business in 
first three months of 1 986 would 

Final dividend 6p, making 8.5p 
(8) for 1985. Figures in £000. 
Pretax profit 26,126 ( 24 . 223 ). 
Earnin gs per share before 
extraordinary items 29.2p 
(25.5), after 15.2p (23.6). 

• TIOMDE GROUP: Results 
for 1985. Figures in fmillions. 
Dividend 83p, making 118p 
(74). Turnover 426.39 (322.51), 
profit before tax 78-23 (41.95). 
Faming"; per ordinary share 
157.5p (95.2). 

TION: Dividend 4p (I). malting 
5p (5.4) for 1985. Figures in 
£000. Profit before tax 1.616 
(152), tax 1.008 (738). Earnin 
per ordinary share 5.19p (L5 
loss). Company said it had 
achieved all its principal objec 
fives in 1985. Group was in a 
position to build strongly and 
positively for the future. Au 
operations bad made a good 
start to 1986. Pretax profit for 
the year was after chargj 
exceptional costs of £538,0 
relating to the re-orgamzaPon ot 
the security printing division 
and £1 12.000 in packaging. 

do the 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

Shell and Esso have award- , 
ed a contract to the National 
Engineering Laboratory to de- ! 
velop a hydraulic system 
which uses sea water instead 
of expensive hydraulic fluids, 
and which will allow British 
companies to mount an export 

The NEL. based in East 
Kilbride, Strathclyde, will de- 
velop tools and power packs 
capable of being used by 
divers more than 1.300 feet 
underwater. It will also devel- 
op the potential of water as a 
hydraulic medium for use 
both on and offshore. 

The contract is in two 
stages. The first, worth 
£285,000, is for development 
of a tested prototype tool and 
subsea power pack. The sec- 
ond, worth £500,000. will 
develop a range of power tools 
and take the project to the 
point of commercial 

Mr John Currie, divisional 
manager of the NEL power 
systems engineering division, 
said: “The technology of water 
as a medium for hydraulic 
tools has enormous potential. 
The project will make it 
possible for UK companies to 
put themselves well in the 
vanguard in world markets. 
Our system will be in advance 
of anything else in the world 
and its commercial prospects 
are excellent 

“In the area which is our 
starting point — diver power 
tools — none is manufactured 
by the specialist American 
(inns with subsidiaries here. 
They are all imported. Nor is 
there any native European 
manufacturer of these tools. 
Our work will provide an 
opportunity for British firms 
to remedy thaL" 

Law Report April 11 1986 

Talaq in UK not 
a valid divorce 

Regina v Secretary of State for 
the Home Department, Ex 
parte Ghnlam Fatima 
Before Lord Keith of Kinkel, 
Lord Brandon of Oakbrook, 
Lord Templeman. Lord Mackay 
of Oashfern and Lord Ackner 
[Speeches sold April 10] 

The pronouncement of the 
taiaq formed part of a talaq 
divorce under Pakistani law; 
accordingly, where a lalaq was 
pronounced in England and the 
remainder of the proceedings 
took place in Pakistan the 
validity of the divorce was not 
recognized under the provisions 
or the Divorces and Legal 
Separations Act 1971. 

The House of Lords dis- 
missed an appeal by Ghulam 
Fatima from the Court of 
Appeal (Sir John Donaldson. 
Master of the Rolls. Lord J usucc 
Slade and Lord Justice Parker) 
(The Times. June 7. 1984: 
11985} QB 190). The Court of 
Appeal had affirmed a decision 
of Mr Justice Taylor who had 
refused Ghulam Fatima s 
application for judicial review 
of a decision of an immigration 

Section 2 of the 1971 Act 
provides: “Sections 3 to 5 of this 
Act shall have effect ... as 
respects the recognition in Great 
Britain of the validity of over- 
seas divorces . . . . that is to suy- 
divorces . . - which — (a) have 
been obtained by means or 
judicial or other proceedings in 
any country outside the British 
Isles; and (b) are effective under 
the law of that country." 

Section 3(1) provides: “The 
validity of an overseas divorce 
or legal separation shall be 
recognized if, at the date of Lhc 
institution of the proceed ings in 
the country in which it was 
obtained - (a) either spouse was 
habitually resident in that coun- 
try. or Cb) either spouse^ was a 
national of that country." 

Mr Sib&hatullah Kadri and 
Miss Harjit Grewal for Ghulam 
Fatima; Mr John Laws and Mr 
Robert Jay for the secretary of 

Rescue plait 
for Ekofisk 

Oslo (Reuter) - A rescue 
plan has been proposed to 
save Norway's slowly sinking 
Ekofisk oilfield operations 
from North Sea storm waves 
by raising six steel oil plat- 
forms. the field's operator, 
Phillips Petroleum, said yes- 
terday. , , 

It is proposed to cut the legs 
on the platforms, piled into 
tile seabed in 237 feet of water 
on Norway’s southern conti- 
nental shelf, and weld in 20- 
foot steel lengths to regain 
clearance. . 

The operation, to be earned 
out this summer pending ap- 
proval by the Norwegian au- 
thorities, is expected to cost 
$205 million (£140 million). 

Ekofisk produces about 
225,000 barrels of oil a day 

Bank of Ireland 

announces that 
with effect from 
close of business 
on 11th April 1986 
its Base Rate for lending 
is reduced from 
11%% to 11% 
per annum 




Latest prices: 

Mindful that share prices can vary daily, we are publishing a bulletin showing the value 
of ourofler for Imperial. The value we've quoted Is based on our besl possible olTer. 

The next closing dale of our offer is today at 5 pm. 

An Imp ortant 

announcement to 

our stockholders: 

Copies of the 1985 Annual 
Report of Citicorp can now be 
obtained from:- 

Citibank, N A, 336 Strand, 
London WC2R 1HB, 
telephone 438 0155 between 
the hours of 11.30am and 4pm 
Monday to Friday- 

Postal applications should 
be addressed for the attention 

of Corporate Affairs. , 





Hj!ur«'il* , n Hu* marki'l |iriii*.il V5U|»iniii'l7mrMl!i>. 

H A N S O N T R u 

LORD ACKNER said that 
Ghulam Fatima was a Pakistani 
nationaL Her parents had ar- 
ranged for her to marry Moham- 
med Afeal who had lived in the 
United Kingdom since 1968. He 
was also a Pakistani national 
and had been married in 1968 in 

In 1982. Ghulam Fatima had 
arrived at Heathrow Airport as 
his fiancee. He claimed that his 
previous marriage had been 
effectively dissolved, but the 
immigration officer had not 
been persuaded that the divorce 
would be recognized in the 
United Kingdom. 

Ghulam Fatima had accord- 
ingly been refused leave to enter 
the United Kingdom on the 
ground that the immigration 
officer was not satisfied that her 
intended marriage to Moham- 
med Afeal could take place 
within a reasonable time. _ 

In Pakistan the law relating to 
divorce was the Islamic law as 
modified by the Muslim Family 
Laws Ordinance 1961. In tra- 
ditional Islamic law the hus- 
band had the right unilaterally 
to repudiate his wife, without 
showing cause and without re- 
course to a court of law. 

Such divorce was effected by 
the announcement of the for- 
mula of repudiation, a talaq, 
and in traditional law a divorce 
by talaq would lake the simple 
form of the husband announc- 
ing taiaq three times. The 
divorce then became immedi- 
atelv effective and irrevocable. 

Section 7 of the Ordinance 
provided that a man wishing to 
divorce his wife should, as soon 
as might be after the pronounce- 
ment of talaq, give lhc chairman 
of lhc local union council notice 
in writing of his having done so. 

The chairman was required to 
convene an arbitration council 
to attempt the reconciliation or 
the parties, but their attendance 
was not obligatory and the 
divorce would become effective. 

unless the wife was pregnant* 
once 90 davs had elapsed frorr, 
the receipt by the chairman o 
the notice of the talaq. i 

In 1978 Mohammed Area 
had pronounced talaq agains. 
his wire and made a statutory 
declaration that he had done sc- 
before a solicitor in Bolton. 

Copies of that document hac 
been sent to the wife and to tnr 
chairman of the relevant unior 
council. No reconciliation hac; 
been effected and the marriage 
had been dissolved 90 days arte> 
the receipt by the chairman o 

the notice of the talaq. 

The essential questions were: 

1 Whether the talaq divorce hac 
been obtained by Mohammec 
Afeal bv proceedings wholly it 
Pakistan (in which case the 
applicant would succeed: sec 
Quazi v Quazi ([1980] AC 7441 # 
or by proceedings partly irj 
England and partly in Pakistan, 
in which case the second quesf 
lion arose: .j 

2 Did proceedings partly irS 
the British Isles and partly iri 
Pakistan qualify- for recognition, 
under sections 2 and 3 of the 
1971 Act or must the proceed-; 
ings be wholly outside the* 
British Isles? . *, 

Mr Kadri had submitted thaf 
the pronouncement of a taJaq,- 
could not be said to be the 
institution of the proceeding; 
The initiation of the proceed- 
ings had been the service on the- 
chairman of the notice. Accord- 
ingly, the entire proceedings had, 
taken place in Pakistan. . 

His Lordship shared the diffi- 
culty of the Court of Appealin 
seeing how one could property 
isolate the first essential step in 
the chain of events that had to 
lake place before a lalaq divorce 
was effective in Pakistani law. 
nameiv the pronouncement of 
the talaq. and the other essential 
steps. , . 

The notice served on the 
chairman was a notice of an 
event that had happened, and 
without which the notice would 
have no substance, namely the 
pronouncement of talaq. 

Dicta of Lord Fraser of 
Tullybelton and Lord Scarman 
in Quasi v Quazi. at pp 81 7 and 
826. supported his Lordship's 
conclusion that ihc pronounce^ 
ment of the talaq was the: 
initiation and therefore part ot; 
the divorce proceedings. f 

Given that the pronounce- 
ment of the lalaq was the ( 
institution of the proceedings,! 
then such institution had taken! 
place in the United Kingdom 
and not in Pakistan where the 
divorce had been obtained. 

Accordingly, its validity could 
not be recognized, since the 
requirements of section 3( I ) 
could not be satisfied. , 

That demonstrated that thei 
wording or sections 2 and 3UM 
when read together made it clear , 
that the "proceedings" m sec-* 
lion 2(a) had to be a single set ofi 
proceedings that had to be 
instituted in ihe same country as 
that in which the relevant 
drvorce was ultimately 
obtained. . w _ ... 

Section 16(1) of the Domicile 
and Matrimonial Proceedings 
Act 1973 showed that it was 
clearly the policy of the legisla- 
ture to denv recognition to 
divorces obtained by persons 
within the jurisdiction, and 
therefore subject to the laws of 
the United Kingdom, by. any 
proceedings other than to a 
'United Kingdom court. 

It would seem contrary to that 
policy to encourage the obtain- 
ing of divorces essentially by 
post by Pakistani nationals res- 
ident fn this country by means 
of the talaq procedure. 

Accordinglv, the immigration 
officer had been entitled to take 
the view that he could not be 
satisfied that the proposed mar- 
riage could not take place within 
a reasonable time, and the 
appeal should be dismissed- 
Lord Keith. Lord Brandon.' 
Lord Templeman and Lord 
Mackay agreed. 

Solicitors: Ward Bowie for J. 
Esner & Co. Bolton: Treasury 

Council can establish 
committee criteria 

Regina v Newham London 
Borough CoondLEx P arle 

Before Mr Justice Mann 
[Judgment given April 9] 

A local authority had the right 
to establish its own criteria Tor 
appointing members to ns 
committee in their standing 
orders, and by parity of reason- 
ing. it had the power to remove 
those persons failing to satisfy 
those criteria. 

Mr Justice Mann so held in 
the Queen’s Bench Division, 
refusing an application for ju- 
dicial review by way of declara- 
tion and injunction. 

The applicanL John James 
Haggerty, a member of the 
council, its education commit- 
tee and its leisure services 
committee, declined to provide 
the range of personal details 
which the council required to be 
disclosed in a declaration, a 
procedure which had been in- 
troduced by a standing order. 

The applicant claimed that 
the declaration was a gross 
invasion of privacy because it 
covered maners which went far 
beyond the statutory require- 
ments regarding the disclosure 
of pecuniary interests as laid 
down in section 94 of the Local 
Government Act 1972. 

He thus sought a declaration 
that the resolution adopting the 
standing ordere was null and 
void, and an injunction restrain- 
ing the defendants from taking 

steps to implement the said 
resolution and from removing 
him from the committee. 

Mr David Pannick for the 
applicant: Mr Eldred 

Tabachnik. QC and Mr Adrian 
Lynch for the council. 

that looking at the sections of 
the Act dealing with the 
appointment to committees, it 
was properly said that the lootl 
authority was entitled to for- 
mulaic criteria subject to 

That embraced the question 
as to Lhe significance of section 
94 and its companions and 
whether they had the effect of 
limiting the criteria which the 
authority could formulate. 

There appeared to be two 
quite distinct questions: the 
question of criteria and the 
question of criminal sanctions. 

It did not appear to his 
Lordship that section 94 dealt in 
any way with criteria. It dealt 
with members of a council or as 
in section 105. members of a 

The question of membership 
was anterior to that arising 
under section 94 and his Lora- 
ship could not denye any assis- 
tance from that section as to the 
type of criteria which the 
authority was entitled to impose 
on members elected to a 

Solicitors: Sebastian Coleman 
& Co: Mr R. G. Grant, East 

Charge under old Act 

Tlir * HmlMjn T",„V ' 

Taylor ? McGirr 

An offence alleged to have 
been committed brfore July I, 
19S5 being the date of the 
coming into force of the Compa- 
nies Ad 1985. was. after that 
date correctly charged against 
the defendant under section i- 
of the Companies Act 1976. 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Glidewcll and Mr Justice 
McNeill) so hdd on April 8 
allowing the prosecutor’s appeal 

against the decision of the 
Cheshum Justices on November 
**7 19§5 to uphold a defence 
submission of no case to answer 
on a charge f a, * ,n B 10 .™* p 
proper accounts and remitting 
the case to the justices to 
continue the hearing. 


GLIDEWELL said that such an 
offence should be charged under 
section 12 oi lhe 1976 Act and 
not under the corresponding 
provisions of the 1985 AcL 


. 22 



A turn-up for the books 

By lan A. Jack 

An experiment will give two businesses 
trading at the Newcastle Youth Enter- 
prise Centre. Newcastle upon Tyne. 1 8 
months free services from Grant Thorn- 
ton. accountants with an international 

Two chartered accountants. Charles 
Mason, aged 30. and Andrew Wilson. 
25. both assistant managers in the 
corporate services department of Grant 
Thornton at Newcastle, will each 
“sponsor” a business within the centre 
by providing a complete accounting 

Andrew Wilson will be working with 
David Airey and Alan Brown who run 


Stiyl Art. a graphic design business. 
Charles Mason will immerse himself in 
the financial affairs of Richard Smith, a 
contemporary jewellery manufacturer. 

Mr Wilson says it is not just a case of 
preparing accounts or dealing with tax 
matters. He said: “We hope to develop a 
close relationsbip and oiler advice to 
help make them more commercially 
aware. We hope we will be able to 
recognize financial symptoms of a 
problem and deal with matters at an 
early stage as we identify trigger points." 

Mr Mason says that though the 
involvement has only just begun, he 
hopes be will be able to foresee 
problems and be able to update infor- 
mation along the way. He said:“Tlie 

companies concerned are very lucky not 
because of the relationship we hope to 
build but because we have access 
through our partnership to all sorts of 

Chris Smith, general manager of the 
enterprise centre, calls it “one of the 
most comprehensive offers of help in 
kind" which the centre has received. He 
is hoping that other accounting and 
professional firms wBl follow the Grant 
Thornton lead and come forward with 
offers of similar assistance. 

• Contact Chris Smith, Newcastle 
Youth Enterprise Centre, 25 Low Friar 
Street Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 5UE; 
tel. (0632)616009 

R & D aid 

■ Smaller businesses in automotive 
related industries are being offered help 
in R & D assessment by the Motor 
industry Research Association. The 
schemB, backed by the Department 
of Trade and Industry, allows MIRA to 
arrange a free two-day consultancy 
study to assess individual R & D 
proposals. If proposals need more 
work on them, further subsidised 
consultancy is possible. 

Contact ASF AST' Unit, Motor 
Industry Research Association, Watting 
Street, Nuneaton, Warwickshire CV10 

More trade 

■ Trading performance of small 
businesses in Islington is above average 
and there is still scope for expansion, 
according to a study" just released by the 
local enterprise research unit of the 
Polytechnic of North London. Lack of 
management ability and expertise 
was the main factor found to be holding 
companies back. 

* Business in Islington: 50p from Dr 
Paul Joyce, Business School, 

Polytechnic of North London, 

Holloway Road, London N7 8BD. 


“It's arrived — the annual card 
from my accountant!” 

The Copperth waites: A flourishing woodworking business 

Tale of two options 

By Sally Watts 

Not doing things by halves, Tony 
Copperthwaite, with no business experi- 
ence, set up two separate enterprises, in 
food and woodwork, within a few 
months of each other. One took off at 
once, the other is becoming viable. He 
has created work for himself, his wife, 
[wo sons, daughter, daughter-in-law and 
a family friend, as well as some part- 

Mr Copperthwaite gave up his job as 
inventory manager at Rank Xerox in 
1982, after 19 years with the company, 
and took voluntary redundancy. He had 
always liked the idea of running his own 
business, so the question was not 
whether to take the plunge, but what 
form it should lake. 

He said: “Food and leisure were the 
things that made money, so my wife and 
1 decided that if we were going to get on 
we should do both.” 

Today he owns a flourishing delicates- 
sen, Copperth waites, in a busy part of 
Maidenhead, Berkshire, and a wood- 
work business, Della Leisure Products, 
near Famham Comon. This business 
makes garden furniture and other out- 
door items.. 

Despite initial marketing problems, 
the goods are on sale in 70 garden 
centres, mainly in the South. This year 

Della is in profit for the first rime, with a 
turnover of between £16,000 and 

Cash flow was the main problem, but 
Tony Copperthwaite has borrowed only 
from himself. When he left Rank Xerox, 
he deposited his pension fund money 
with Sun Life and has since drawn out 
several thousand pounds to bolster his 
leisure business. TTtis he repays at 13 ft 
per cent and because he is borrowing his 
own money, the interest accrues to his 
capital, with eventual benefit to himself 

The delicatessen opened six months 
before Della, has never looked back. 
Turnover is £40.000 and the shop, 
popular for take-away lunches.. 

Next year they hope to buy a computer 
to store ibeir records and other data. 

Mr Copperthwaite has been helped 
both by Rank Xerox and his member- 
ship of Zanadu (Xerox Association of 
Networkers and Distributed Utilities), 
which counsels, supports and trains 
former employees and others. 

“I use them for my accountancy, 
tationery and photographic work for the 
publicity brochures,” says Mr 
Copperthwaite “But it's also a useful 
idea because members who have a 
problem or feel depressed can ring each 
other and get-helpml advice.” 



Prime site offices in London W.I. 
Turnover £lm+ Net Profit £150*000+. 

Large quality business customer list 
Authorised supplier of die major single user 
and multi user business microcomputer 

Fully established profit growth. Excellent repu- 
tation and financial status. 

This is a quality Company with high expertise. 

Reply to BOX A64 . 


Kingston. Surrey 

Established family business. Freehold. Teleflower Agency. 
Large aquatic & garden furniture trade. 4.600 sq n sales 
area plus l wo bed flat. T/0£200.000. £185.000 plus SAV. 
Genuine reason for sale. 

Reply to BOX F08 . 



Prime location central London. T/O £600K rising 
- for outright sale. 'merger. 

Principals reply to: 

BOX E99. 


gnjM m 0 i nr w 
mw undo mu mMna 

Fuff Detail A ra B abte: 

Chadmtowi, SL AuMeB, 
Comwafl. SL AuatbB 65811 



Famous North Yorkshire Beau- 
ty Spot and Hold Cotnpla sei 
annum panoramic roumryude 
and ex lending to IS mu. 

This indnde&j. Modem IS 
bcdnwtned bold all en suite. 7 
self catering apart menu. Pmod 
Inn wrth 5 roomed stair accom- 
modauon. Three bedimmed 
Cottage. Manila* Force a spec- 
tacular 100 A waterfall and the 
bigfies in Britain, pinging into 
a sheer net amptintmir 
S400.000 OpWMaJ licensed cafe 
and aafl shop. 

Licensed Property Dept, 
Renton & Renton, 

75/76 High Street. 
NortMnllertoa. Trt 5431. 


Ootswoidt mnne am «r. 
vie* Hatton, car fmncMsr. 
Lane workshop. Goad 
man ram iraniao*. Wcfl 
■"“"tamed how* and 

Tiffin mKEHOLD Investment*. 

two leased lo a Lai*, Pic New* 
*grncy efrarn. £19.0(0 pj re- 
turn vaiuanie mew, 
198V1WO. £170.000 or near 
Offer Reply to BOX A6& 

tnown firm nuoltsned BO yr* 
ago under preawn m an ageme n t 
for last 31 yrv Easy to run from 
home No technical knowledge 
or experience needed though H 
could lie ImWuL Goodwin lor 
sal* wim wide Itat of clients and 
sub li m aauws CLOOO. Hedy 
lo BOX AT9 . 

MMMim DIRECTOR re*, by a 
company manufacturing MINI 
EXCAVATORS has Die major- 
ity shareholding for disposal. 
The company's pro d ucts tuny 
developed. marketing com- 
rramced. Requ ir e* amoctaUon 
wilt, individual or company 
with marketing skius. For fun 
details Reply lo BOX Ml . 

NATURAL BOOT Bounque for 
me m East Midla n ds 
spKWMst in natural harr 4, 
ood» care products. New 
premises about lo open In busy 
centre. Long lease al £7.250 
pa excl. Full Ironing given. 
£29.000 met stock. (05321 
704456 tCMMl 046769 

i weekends). 


lounge, dining room. library, 
study, cum enr a ory and IB 
bedroom*. Suitable tor use as 
hotel or rest/ nursing ho m e 
isuMect la consent!- Freehold 
price £89.500 REF HW 2*03. 
Apply Chmue & Co. TM- Car- 
irwrthcn Office: (0067) 331186 
Eves/ weekends: 10367831671. 


present equipped for wood turn- 
ing. Bromley Road. London 
St 6. own frontage. EL400 plus storage and yard- 

£190.000 Ptl 01-653 4812 
Manufacturer eat 34 yrs Infra 
Red grdb. potato peeler etc Lo- 
rated Suasn Reply lo BOX AB2 

A FUU.T LICENCED floating pub 
& muurant amp ZOO it. 6 
Pars, refilled. 6004- ca pacit y 
Own moonog. 01-618 7029. 
■A1 raiHCS IBIZA ear for sale tn 
highly pop. angi. wurtal are*. 
Tef oi 31 23 353419 Mr Krug 
ailf to BwCww Phone 
Soutnend 107021 79660 
Mate nar. good tocatton. Offers 
around £18X100. 0933 346342 


window manufacturer, current turnover 3 
million D.a. plus through network of Mid- 
land based showrooms and good trade 
customers. No time wasters please. Reply to 
BOX E78. 


FRA*»CH I «r I MR E C TOirr . com- 
prehensive upto dale listing of 
UK iramMHt Telep ho ne 0494 
771143 or write 10 Franchise 
Opportunities. 26A High Street. 
Chesluun BiKk HP 13 1EP. 


ABSOLUTELY any money mak- 
ing teas wanted. If you have 
gat the Ideas we nave gal the 
capital Ho Umr wasters. 108961 
64719/38869 anytime. 




Expressions of interest are 
invited for retail units on the 
main concourse at Manchester 
Airport Several new units are to 
be provided in this location 
within the next twelve months. 

Enquiries in the first instance 
should be directed to the 
Commercial Manager 
Manchester Airport pic, 
Manchester M22 5 PA, 

Tel: 061-489 3722, Telex: 665457, 
and should be received no later 
than April 18th, 1986. 


wishing lo set up separate company for the distribution 
of their smoked salmon and allied products to the mail 
and catering bade, seeks partner in this venture. The 
incoming partner to be responsible for 
marked ng/disuibtion and would be required lo make a 
capital invesuoant in the company. Reply to BOX A6I. 


in feel bills for your clients. Ai no cost to them. 
Your own business if you have sales/eng. 

061 480 1352 
M.D. (UK) Ltd, 

162 Higher Hillgate, 

Stockport, Cheshire 


for the acquisition of private companies. Will 
consider joint ventures with established compa- 
nies currently under financed- Retirement sales 
and management buy-outs especially welcomed. 
Private share puchasers arranged. 

Telephone 01 935 5795 or 486 6139. 


in established high tech electronics com- 
pany with Government contacts, with 
cashflow forecast for next 3 years of 
£980,000. Gross profit £300,000. 

Reply to BOX £52 . 

Exclusive UK import 

Fokoufou BjecasM taKb to En- 
rage ft wiga of ahmt a l tBcfr- 
notogy produo a. addresuig several 
martin seam. Sms nnutoow 
kbousId tauten at tstasL tmr 
Im re Uto n sffip mth KriaHa UK 
canMates/panrarc start-ui captri 
neewssy O0 .00Q-E 75.00 0- 
Hotting London n noon oi 
tbrauoniat mdt comnnano ten 
APRIL 1886. 

Fa ra tea* date ad 
4xiu t mans araa UK once 

70 Caledonian Rd, 
London N1 9DN 
Tet 01*37 3045 
T«tac22336 MELAR G 


it is possible to turn 
£1000 into £10,000 
very quickly. Low 
known risk. 

01-930 8732 



general SSSSSES E5BE&8 

Formats 10386) 3«U. 



A franchise is more than a job If s a ww of Ife. So fit) first class from 
tne start 


fcg industry: commence stores. 

Rest dass because you own a store wtti an image rfesgned by the 
tost "ferena Conran. 

First because you haw a franchise programme eroded by the 
Baraie's leafing professionals. 

because you tow a powerful marketing programme creating 
i !■ Oil i (tty one. 

s. not surprisingly, is the top company in 
i booming market. and the profitable one. 
/ Pick from two programmes; 
f'f franchisee (total investment £90- 
2' V £150.000 with 70% bank financing 

: ' aratebte) or wraUeffl owner operator 
I programme tor those wfth less cash 
(requires £15-£20.00Q initial invest- 
ment}. Sites avaitabte for both. And 
both are test class. 

Send us tfiis cowon now. and 
| wen send you the (ads. 

Fib; Mr. Bon 


UC.. 134a Htea EM Road. 



I — 

Mb- Pamore. sand rk Bib beta. 

1 I 


Automatic Tow Hitch would welcome discussion wRh 
reputable substantial organisation with proven market- 
ing ability on a very targe scale- 

06 616566 


Do you kno* [ha it com abort £*&000 pa. tn fcopa satarai on An read, 
and Oat tat eon w i SBO C accounts tor only abort lira of bus flginff I yon 

■odd Urn to nmnlsc ffw costs, but manna you profit, tairisd 

fefpu. I you hut a prodod or sonm m tin teecoomncaaons Hd. *s 

tea Pn BWEncnca anff cornets m da tofloiMio ratvsts: Times 1000. 

FmaKol.Utm. SMopkn. Insinnea. Sanktng. Ooramoday. Money and Smck- 
brokmg. Ila Presa, as wed as me H a Bot u ted tadastm 
To rectfn a Baattoi on tte oppotturittg and coss mhed cotaa us 
now on tta Ukmnr Te>: S1-K6 5286. Tefes 934579 HBC S. 



How totwy Torn 

own hotel for £ 1 Q> - 



- kasftadttsscAc 

rTwOTUiSrHklTrKtjvf yew srifistBritor ■ 

KtflisfaDtsQ Holds | 

Hum ■ 

, , . — -*■ w 

36Ebury Siiret tandOoSWlWQtW 01-7308974 







No Premium 

Prestigd hpre anxftfl 

dhororossn offiew « estt* 

5»fl PMW +-77X. 

inoac fd. Sh OflWwfl 

sm Farttag 

San cn jf 

MSP ttt ffWe^.Ttw Te ta a K i 

ScretfUMVerm can inn you 
nrox ow mt lor your comewni-. 


sfunr 3 ktiefc tMtteW Mr. 

rS-oi *34 as« 

Muun cviuro artbraate 
T« loC awtow st» 
Ski tot. ga?o 834» 


trarasra. iv totd. Mtelftftam 
a.J> wrtb tec rtroj'b Dm. 
emor Larar bar. tuuwiaut. of. 
«»>9.nd ph drop; Wcfl 
emnoped kadten. biffir 4 bed 
mMta ibL Full <M te Ant- 



mas 53<74 1 - 


made in USA 
H D R 


An oMortunity tor Worldwide major retail gro ups & 
distributors to obtain one of Revtons tead mg tia iroare 
products at a fraction of Revfons trade price 
Cannot be resold 'to USA or Canada 

Tat 01-608 6080 
Telex 896743 UNILEX G 



12000 sq ft cn tea or t Aro* 
20ft dear to w«. Planning 
tor fcjrndr IfLSOO sq ft Ex- 
tansvfl teat aiio dMc. • 
Ml 3 nos, Country 30 tte 


7-0 EtsftRV'xs. LearongtoB Soi 
Teh 0926 881*07. 

& FU 


An exciting 
demcpyierit oppwUmity 

■ near Rt’turrk^rrxiutii • 






1 Henh.irv 1 SAyiLIJS 

(0202)24242. H0L!?E (0202)887331 



for Directors. If your company is spending £100- 
£200K per year on business travel then join 
forces with a travel agent on a 50-50 equity 

Details from PA. Marketing, 25, Magnolia Way, 
Fleet, Hants, GU13 9JZ 


Specialising in perfume and allied products 
seeks equity partner/investor for UK and over- 
seas market. 

Reply to BOX A34 ,c/o Times Newsp a per s, PO 
Box 484, Virginia St, off The Highway, London 
El 9DD 


F*w product mint 

“UtetrawfamfliB TV paraaul- 
nr. Ftebannr. contenus baok- 
Low awal mvastment 
""■tern E45a Ontritadon ra- 
wrad al ow tto UK. 
FffUdnii phone 


your own profitable burinean al 
home- Free roformathni (ton 
WEL Dad TT 4a KMrtlbl 
Chambers Cdmonton * 
London N9 OTP 

Import /export oopanunttw 

monthly. DELI. Dept TA. 16. Sel- 
vage Lane. London. NW7 3flS 
(01-936 66 OO 1 

er product warHnp pratmype 
reaidres derMooer. For tanner 
Womaaon wnte to BOX FI I. 

YOU CAM achieve financial tree- 
dom for I He with bSrgdy * 
■unte hard work. TO learn 
how. rmg 01-229 COT 6 . 

DID CAPITAL lutqwsn. 
Computer retail /appHcatlom. 
E. Camas. T« 0638 660900 


Freehold baRfflog grofect 

Omueni Cnr la a Bed/2 Both 

Retail value £900.000 
purer £22B.OOa 

Fraebohf Traris/LefswB 

12.000 sq min. 8 sente 
courts wtei co ns wa for 
bowls, squash, gym. 
restaurants, pools. 
PUCK £360.000. 

roiitledge a cooper 





utactunng upmarket camme 
h a l l iiuaui rattes. requires adat- 
Bonal mvestorta) lo he* fund 
current orowUi wtth view to 
U8M in 3 ■ 6 yea r s. Suggested 
minlnnim Indrviduai Invest, 
mod £ 10.000 total requtred 
eXiOCK with matn ratuty par. 
oapaHmi. Ring mitn Bronftad 
Chter executive 091 482 2640. 

I A 2 bedrooms tar toortft pur. 

poma tn oriroe taoman PWtsra 

del Ingles. Total price tUVi Mu- 

ltan. 10 *% guaranteed return. 
All legal reoulremmts MllflML 

Information Oi 839 1881. 





Superb office I studio premises on the 1st Soar of a 2 storey 
mews buildiiK Located S mins from the Ante tube. 
Comprises^ Studio, boardroom, office, sqp WC. idl area. 
Terms*- Pre m i u m £15,000. rent £3.750 pa, tease Hh yre. 

01-354 0066 


Lease of HIGH TECH single storey modem bunding (7000 
sq fU midway Swindon A Tewksbury, snadous office ac- 
commodation fully equipped. Ctaar unobstructed work 
and/or dwributtan area, m rental loading complete with 
modem manufaCturtog equipment highly suitable expand- 
ing or new comp an y. Principals only In strictest co nf ide nc e 
Reply to BOX A4J c/o Times Newspaper*. PO Box 484. 
Virginia SL off The Highway. London El 9DD 



EducattonaL office or Resi- 
dential use for fine 18 th 
Century mansion tn de- 
Ughtful Home Counties 
setting. Up in 30.000 sq. R. 
available. Details from Re- 
ply to BOX F02 . 









BV318 7231 
(24 HOURS) 


and nrt exchange. OM and 
BM oompatibtas. For ihe beat 
dews am service Mepnone 

Cmrawdata Systems <0922) 
69255/ 632S& 

For Sols M aputenei Ms- 
ttottoel MIX 4 port ana 8 port. 
Ring Luton 0682 605953 



U-K.M tersest mall order 
company offer customer 
returns, pool and moakar 
tabtes. large or small quan- 
nttes avaOttte « huge 
dtscounta. Returned goods 
seU. Surptus and related do 
not gelL AIM thousands of 
cues of various Qualltm at 
26% off retell. 

Phone 0244 549444 


- we test HJ thoroughly, re ai l atir a l ir ana in c o m p lete confl- 
dence. Can you afford to wan for a genuine robbery to see 
if your security worts 7 Domestic, industrial & commercial 
contracts undertaken. Contact us now before It happens for 

Tel. S e cur ity I nt e n utlc Ml os 
0404 44581 24 (ware 


for satellite TV. 
David Mauder. 

0836 241156 

□ealara/dkMbtlton required 
nationwide A throughout Eu- 
rape u sen the no Men 
M dMe T.v. systems hmch we 
nuirafactm in me Far East. 
Our own brand name systems 

lowest nnce in Europe. For tar. 
■her intanoatton send SAE to 
Europa Saulltte TV Syteme 
iPepartmmt Snt. Broom bank 


Req for cash on deBuery range of hSgtt tpraBtybtwaahoM 
products. Regular moroNy repeat onters. Na parsontt 
ssffing. Fid or pvt nne. ExcaBert. raarttos. Mttet stock 
vaiuoESJZSO fufty secured. Write with deflate o t preseM 
status ta 

Wondflrcare Lid, Wert Lodga, CrenMreB, 
Nortbombertaref NE63 


or ToL 0670 800375 



A business I con run easily from home, with urtfimitad 
potential an exclusive area, regular repeat orders, 
high profit ma r gins, positive cash- flaw,, nuni m oi over- 
heads, no sroefc regufrreuartjjnd qwr JEJOO. p«-. day 

K frt. It can wodc for you too. For details send a 9x4 
■ to Tho Marketing Director, Scorpion House, High 
St, Turvet, Bedford MK43 8D8. 


A business I can run easily from home, with unfimited- 
potential, an exclusive area, iegdar repeat orders, 
high profit margins, positive cosh flaw, minbnal over- 
heath, no stock requirement and over £100 par day 
profit. It can work for you too. For detaSs send a 9x4 
SAE to The Marketing Director, Scorpion House, Kgh 
St, Turvey, Bedford AAK43 8DB. 

NEW • 


DMnbutoiB ml stes agents se vantad. 

Stes mniHi (M/F) in oonanisaan tass to sal uRramnic tape naan to 
Esora testis, flrcatects. Local teirames. taenor DecoraHS/Funstras 
«c. Ffign anrate an) fcH tndMp tar the rigid people 

01- 629 1100 


AU areas. Suitable for self employed profession- 
als. part rimers and mothers with children. 
Unique constructional educational & fun toys for 
girls and boys aged 1-1 1. Starter sales kit £25- up 
to 50% commission. 

Phone 0962 881363 or write: 

PO Box, Winchester 8023 8LE 



(German) male, excel- 
lent an round sales 
expert****. wflJ travel la 
exMMUona etc In Ger- 
man sneaking countries 
to represent companies, 
individuals or will act as 

0908 6673S8 


Businessman vtefttng 
USA June JULY, if 
you have a product 
with potential in this 

Please write Reply to 


Kensington ottered lo bosom- 
man. Tfli rag 737 6043 


Bournemouth companies has fully equipped and 
staffed office with telex available for undotak- 
ing any Wnd of business 
SteVlces/arapamM/ ra B ragiinBo ag. 

0202 518688/528737 


Don't worry any mm. k you oompaxv having cash now 
pmhtems? Do you fact Ikraklatlon or b a n kr upt c y? we win 
take aUnraram off you. Alt enaulrtos treated In the strictest 
of con fidence- Ross walker g. Associates. StenecKA Hook. 
Stratford Rd.. Lradey, Warwick CV36 9JW, 

T e lep h o n e (0789) 841292. 

Telex 8814198 ADPHON 


front £99.50 inclusive 

Same-Day Coraneny Services Ltd 
St, 181 Queen Victoria St, Loudon, EC4 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Also Company Searches 



offers spare nmc service and 
conuicu. Hong Kong. Ptnlip- 
pues ia May, Brazil aod 
USA in the Sommer. 
Reasonable rates. 

TeL Hal Taylor ea 
0491 872205 



No prentfun. S4 hr. ac- 
cess. Prestige furniture 
carpeted offices with tele- 
phone and tie*. From £70 
p wk all Inclusive. Short/ 
tong^tem. Parking 

01-839 4808 

remiG'ULHfl vatae to m* iubh- 
esi stendanL Format lo tan 

Sio5» P0etat ™ : 

™>* numm omMi 

ainwai Unk U». aractiise: 33 
® temaon WlR 

9F*i 01-499 4714. 

CnflaNM mate n EdglMti 
DomM ' drawiex m»ch«d 
mahogany taaws,1i'W^: 
period sqtehafldks, taarf 
wart fcteter sop, etewrof f 
.coltweL \ ■ 

For fact iteetaho nm a - 

conaec •/.- - ■4-';- 



liVnnrioad nrpmhituwi: Pldcv 
Ifst-'- dc4*c 'Rirttevr^ 'ratals. 
Wuiuw uMcv Itavcopuru and 
IVdi cbam> 

MiW U «r 

iv-ml HAW 

-JM IVdr.- tel « JJW 
ta ( bnfa Mm lata N«« 
ItagkMf. 4172.1 WM 

Pr e nwliett Stande 
Mferofiche Reader* 
Overhead projectors • 
Awiev l w e l uri pe nn i 

For deuib ring 
M-OAES. on 
0734 73362 L 
271. Nine Mile Ride. 
Wokingham, Berkshire. 



Ex mafl order stocks of 
returned goods lncludin& 
doming. furniture, 
hard-ware, household., 
toys etc. Ottered at huge 

Tel: 0244 549444. 


Lor ary. JcsuB/popcyc'Mt* f 
■port/gtanaur. Sample* /unces 
Boulevard 01-286 0616. 



rid USA | 

We find USA proGUGB & compo- 
nents. nagoton aid sbtp ant 

1®5 BnndMy. Sure 1500, " J - 
New Ygrt. MY 10023, USA. - 
Tate 238867 ftapd UB M AJL 
T^eptarc f212| 49fl 7682 . 

scum TO THE USA? v 
Wa am faotSKB raateang rad, 
ddrtmUwi of jar praducts n 


10 OO table fans. 16 ”.' 
for only £ 8 . 000 . con-, 
tact Tadonart Ltd- ; 

01 938 2222 ext 

office hr* - 

•raw amSil 

■ watcfuroar eamrucitan.' rub- 
ber sole, leather /rubber upper - 
| wap-range 8-1 gmin. LteofSOO 

0234 740527 


Colin Pawsev on 

a investment 

— OMl 071270. . 


M) -- ^ 

OF B4T OO T ; 

F»<h». u., *** ® Anaawuwon • 

6mwtlc “ 00 tsmm b a 

v ipj> a Q iow iH iwwiaTieprw 

— dteib 


' •* ' >v :“ t»^ j.^^v»-»I.-^^-^^l-2^j^^ r !: r '- lir , -: T - i m > j iU» 



.J&'bor^infoie history' of t fee 


: :;x- _;l‘i i; 

_..._ . _ 4 .’«SfHtiS 

■ rpMwgg •ftfrorc.-ncrt . ttiRr 

-«« . !pms- 


^caflcd Friadfes^ilMer /affifr- 
Li' Th^tfceApstiiattdd^ 

tei» Friedhebq JfrisfachensciilagCT, 
oc-iepiit 2 ^.,,-a , young politimn in the.ngbfr- 
' tegrow^ ■ . lwng % Freedom Party; cau&dan 
yija^do ^nnerhatkmal outcry by/ Malang 
r ; > \haiidswitha Jjtea war aimiuai on; 
= 'his reparation' *6 Austria. -.'•>•? -. 

: i . -thiis, in liaJd' over a year^ tbc 
m Jar. 1 . £ IW>uiar^reoQpeof Austria as an 
uTA&if- ■• anonyittbbs. eastern Venaon /of 
. : ■■/- > '. Switzerland ‘was radically- trans- 
preskten- .formed, ---'-'• .: ,; J ' • - 

bead nexr - An American toonst mter- 
'tisnmaof vfewed;recefitfy on Austrian radio 
.with ./siimnjgfr HP the neW nnage of. 
tine tff The -Aiistrai as follows: ^Thawme will 
Wahfoejan, ;. 'probably loll me, my. biMmess. 
" ’ nl:of. - . contacts win probably swindle me 
snpr -. and, if Jhave. any Jewish blood, ! 
.. r shall probably be hounded out cn 

: about Austrian apitudes to histo- 
ry. As One" Austrianbankec recent- 
ly : ’returned’. ■ from America 
-‘v<foservcd, ^io be ah Austrian in 
; Ameri^ during!;#® Waldheim 
; affair was hot an^asy ma^va" r - . ■ 
\ . The problem -‘of Austria s ,atti> 

'.nxdestoilspasistemsJargdy from 
- a widespread refusal ip research or 
examine in any critical -fight the 
country’s brief but unhappy asso- 
ciation with Nazi Germany be? 
tween 1938 and ... 

' Austrians grow up increasingly 
• ignorant of the events of their 

has lost much of its coherence as 
Austria's problems become less 
and less concerned with social 
issues, was the fate of the ArbeUer 
Zeitung. . - t - 
.-This once-celebrated paper 
went tabloid after being threat- 
ened by .the Socialist Party with 
closure.- .Its editorials had ■fre- 
quently questioned the 
government's polities. 

■ Its letters had been one of the 
few sensible forums for debate in 
the country's lamentable press. 
Many of the party’s managers 

IKUUIOUI. ui UM — r. JF -- r— - jf 

country’s history; One Austrian . found it uncomfortable rea din g, 
historian recently wrote that basic ’ Its unhappy tnmsfomation into a 

school history tests used through- 
out the country contained d ozens 
of -omissions and errors concern-, 
ing the inter-waj -period. One of 
. the most oramous.of these was the 

tabloid has underlined the ner- 
vousness of Socialists eager to nip 
any criticism of the party in the 

Despite these difficulties, the 


xne most onnnous.oi meat luw — - 

lack of any reference to the feet conservative opposition party has 
that Austrian's right-wing chancel- . . for the third year running railed to 
lor, Engelbert Dotfuss, was assassi- show itself politically skilful 

. nated by the Nans in 1934. ■ enough to exploit the situation. 

- •: -Vt.. HiV'-'-.'.U'. : '■■• 

n&gzzme v olMiftgh extreme and imreahs- 
iis dufois flris viewpoint rdlects the 

«mrpaig n f Jangeneg doubts that have. deyeV 
to bmng the v "Oped in A relatively riiort time 

" vi- 


MgynCtfly. . s \v • - 


The last year, lhoagh- a ro de 
. awakening for many . Austrians^ ; 
. ha< mad e some malm that this 
. ambivalent relationship with their 
'Nazi pastwDI continue to place a 
strain on- relations with- those who 
would I fa* to be their friends. 

• These widely publicized matters 
aside, Dr Sinowatz has'managed 
to continue, Hke the Habsburgs, to 
. “muddle along”! The -Chancellor, 
assailed from all sides by these and. 
- other, crises* has remained a solid 
rock or respectability, surviving 
. one storm after anothe r. _ 

.- As more and more corruption is 

p fln ngh to exploit the situation. 

.The lack of charisma wbi^di 
besets the opposition Peoples’ 
Party, combined with a sense of 
political tactics which would be 
considered juvenile by a sixth- 
form ‘ debating society, has left 
them even more unpopular in the 
■opinion polls now than they were 
when they fought the 1983 

The success of the Green move- 
ment, which in 1984 made consid- 
erable gains , at local elections, 
continues to reflect the growing 
disillusionment of many younger 
Austrians with the rigid mould of 

‘A man of experience, a man for Austria— his time has comer 
JPosters aing the praise of Dr Kurt Waldheim 

ns muK nuu - — ; ? — , . 

revealed m industries and insur-^ the two mam parties ancfrtne 
ance concerns, the Chancellor’s . smaller rigjrt-wing Freedom Pajly- 
sixriple lifestyle and reputation for. ' Austria, so long the country of 
honesty become rarer commod- v . pensioners, is slowly coming to 
ities oh the Austrian political ■ terms with its younger generation, 
scene and his stodc rises accord- Afterthe inertia of the 1970s, their 
ingly: has held his . party . country's political crises of the 

together through a difficult period. . 1980s cannot foil to be instructive. 

Richard Bassett 


M On Monday the Prince and Princess of Wales 
begin an official visit to Austria, which coincides with 
the festival, Britain in Vienna 1986. During the 
dnhii% vCeehs the capital mil be. the veirne for a 
concert by the P hfllm» n^itm Orchestra. . < ■ - 

v a 'F hiu.tM aMS-ovKihiHnns’-.' : 

■ J d-V 

r-\- ■ - '■ •;. *rz£r 7 ?''Z& Sjjg - 


‘two ^ ‘-* 

concert by ttePhflhm^taiaUi^^trak ^^^^ ^ i-Iiyingto pilota coaUtfongoverimient tiiroimh troubled 

^ wirt««, Dr Fred Sinwatz, the ChaimellOT 

- - of- Britjabdesign au^ fashion^ 



. -xr f vK ■■ -• 

T-' iwwj * ' - 

r-.-rs^r. -J- -wx-ni 

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J . ■ • -• -• ••• ^ - — 

. ...t i. • . • 
•• ■' ■-:<.■■■ 
■\ .iii- V.'A *• ’ 

. I ■■ 1 • . ..• : 


in this position, white checkmates black immediately. Gfven that while didn 't move the queen on his previous 
move, whatyvas btack's last move? .. .. .. . 

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for export to the East 

An Austrian-financed spa- 
town in Bulgaria; an hydro- 
electric power station on the 
Danube; an. hotel in Prague 
and ski complex in Soviet 
Georgia. The polyglot Austri- 
an empire may have vanished 
in >918 but Vienna’s commer- 
cial Drang noth Osten is 
gathering momentum. 

In Hungary. Poland, 
Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria- and 
even parts of Soviet Russia. 
Austrian capital and know- 
how are constructing hotels, 
refurbishing jaded tourist in- 
dustries and financing projects 
involving large-scale building. 

Nor is the Austrian advance 
confined to construction. Bul- 
garia seems set to sign later 
this year a contract to modern- 
ize its telephone system with 
Austrian technology and a 
score of other business agree- 
ments will emphasize further 
the country's special relation- 
ship with the East- 

Mirroring this success is the 
continued growth of Austria's 
broad range of expons to the 
EasL In 1985. 1 1 per cent of its 
overseas sales, worth 45.77 
billion schillings [£2.0S bil- 
lion i were to Eastern Europe, 
barely one per cent less than 
its exports to the EEC. 

Dr .Alfred Mayer of the 
Austrian Chamber of Com- 
merce is quick to deny that 
Austria has any special advan- 
tage when dealing with the 
East. “It is all a question of 
commercial conditions." he 
says. "We are on the edge of 
the Western world, and there- 
fore our relations are good and 
intense but we do not get any 
presents from the East." 

HerT Franz Nauschnigg, a 
senior official in the Austrian 
trade ministry, believes Aus-. 
trian trading links with the 
East have grown with the- 
increased competitiveness of 
Austrian firms. “We are com- 
pilin’ with the Germans. 

Forum Hotel Budapest: Internationally a e da im ed 

Swiss and now even the 
Japanese. We can only survive 
if we tighten up and keep a 
competitive edge.” 

However, most business- 
men who deal regularly with 
Eastern Europe insist that. 
Austria has in many ways a 
slight advantage over other 
countries, especially from the 
West or the OrienL“The men 
tality is the same in Vienna as 
it is in Budapest; the contacts 
are traditionally close and 

‘The advantage 
of geography’ 

they share the same history. 
Above all they have the great 
advantage of geography." ob- 
served one Western business- 
man with contacts in the East. 

Those Austrians who travel 
frequently to Eastern Europe 
would agree. Ironically, only 
one country. Romania, seems 
to present more than its fair 
share of problems to those in 
Vienna who are keen to sell or 
invest in the East. 

Frau Suzanne Muller, a self- 
employed financial adviser on 
Eastern business contacts who 
has worked with Eastern and 
Western trade experts for the 
past 15 years, said Bucharest 
was a "nightmare". On one 
occasion seven years ago, she 
was able to achieve results 
only by going to see the 
Romanian leader. Nicolae 
Ceausescu, himself. “Quite 
the most charming man Fve 
ever met in the Balkans,” she 
recalls wistfully. 

At the other end of the scale, 
in Hungary, business relations 
are much simpler. Politicians 
have for several years de- 
scribed the links between Aus- 
tria and Hungary to be free of 
any problems; indeed to be, in 
the words of one Hungarian 
mini5ter.“infiniiely better 
than they were during the days 
of the Habsburg Empire when 
both countries owed alle- 
giance to one emperor." ■ 

Predictably, it has been 
Hungary which has borne the 
brum of the Austrian com- 
mercial offensive East. There 
are more (ban 100 agreements 

between Austrian and Hun- 
garian firms, enshrining a 
mutual desire for regular con- 
sultation and co-operation. In 
addition to these there are 
eight joint .ventures covering 
construction, chemicals, elec- 
tricity and agriculture. 

However great the similar- 
ity in temperament between 
the businessman of Vienna 
and Budapest, Austria's trade 
links with the East have been 
immeasurably helped by 
Hungary's economic reforms 
and. of late, more relaxed 
political atmosphere. 
Budapest’s decision to devel- 
op a "Western-orientated" 
tourist industry made Vienna 
a natural city to cast around in 
for capital and advice. The 
Austrians, keen to cement 
links with their neighbour, 
were no less enthusiastic. 

Thus it was that on ’July 1 2, 
1978. both countries made a 
leap in the dark by sighing a 
five billion schilling credit 
agreement. This opened the 
way for Austria to become 
involved with projects be- 
tween 1979 and 1985. 

These included the estab- 
lishment of 14 hotels in 
Budapest. Sopron and other 
Hungarian resorts. It also 
helped the construction of the. 

Western visitors 
are impressed 

by Eastern European stan- 
dards, luxurious second air- 
port of the Hungarian capital, 
which was opened last au- 
tumn by the Austrian Foreign 
Minister. Dr Leopold Gratz. 

Both the airport and such 
modem hotels in Budapest as 
the internationally acclaimed 
Forum and Atriam Hyatt 
were prestige projects de- 
signed to convince the West 
that Hungary could be invest- 

ed in without the risfc associ- 
ated with Poland. 

Their success has impressed 
Western visitors to Budapest, 
while those many thousands 
of Austrians who go to the 
Hungarian capital for com- 
mercial reasons have been, 
overheard demanding why 
Austrian money cannot be 
used in Vienna to create a. 
first-class hotel: 

More controversial than 
these projects, however, is the 
plan to finance the Hungarian 
power station at Nagymaros 
near the Slovak- Hungarian 
frontier along a most pictur- 
esque part of the Danube. The 
station wouk] drastically alter 
the appearance of the river 
beneath the. famous rains of 
Visehrad, where the great 
Hungarian King Mathias Cor- 
vinus once held court 

The Nagymaros project, 
linking Austria with Czecho- 
slovakia and Hungary's hy- 
droelectric power, is a scheme 
worthy of the Habsburgs — 
Austrian capital building a 
Hungarian power station with 
links to Czechoslovakia; not 
since the Austrian empire has 
the Danube's traditional role 
as the link between East and . 
West been so carefully 

However, the scheme seems 
set to run into environmental 
protests both in Hungary and 
Austria. The Austrian govern- 
ment. which will be paid back 
in power, rather than money, 
from the station, is in a 
sensitive position. The popu- 
lar Green movement has al- 
ready forced it to drop plans 
for its own power station 
along the Danube at 
Hamburg. The Greens are 
unlikely to remain silent 
about a scheme less than 50 
miles further downstream. 
However, trade officials in 
Budapest and Vienna are ada- 

Lnxqry in Hungary: A relaxing atmosphere hi the hotel built with Austrian moHCj 

mam that it will go ahead as 

Other deals which are also 
hoped to be tied up this year 
are a 400-m illion-schil ling 
(£1.8 million) project for a 
health centre at the spa town 
of Sandanski in Bulgaria and 
an equally expensive scheme 
to restore one of Moscow's old 
luxury hotels. 

In addition to these, the 
contract for a Forum hotel in 
Prague was signed a few 
months ago. Poland, a tradi- 
tionally risky market of which 
the Austrians have fought shy. 
is discussing a number of 

wide-ranging projects, includ- 
ing hotels in Warsaw and 
Cracow. These are expected to 
be approved within the next 
few months. 

' What, one may ask, do the 
Austrians get out of aU this? 
"Tbe financial benefits are not 
so great but they are a suffi- 
cient incentive. More impor- 
tant is the reconstruction of 
confidence between our coun- 
tries and our eastern neigh- 
bours stemming from a belief 
that small countries -with a 
traditional link have much to 
gain from co-operating,' 1 a 
trade ministry official said 

At trade fairs throughout 
Eastern Europe, the remark- 
ably high profile of the Anstri- 
ans has amazed many 
Germans, traditionally- the 
strongest .Western, force at 
these events. The profile is 
reinforced by the holding of 
frequent symposiums in Vien- 
na on the problems of East- 
West trade. As one -slightly 
envious Swiss busntes&man 
remarked at the 'Bulgarian 
Trade Fair ai Pkmfiv, “the 
Austrian Sag may, still be 
rejected in eastern Europe but 
the Austrian 3 businessman 
never”. RJJ 


THERE'S such a thing as too much progress. Vienna is one of the few cities in 
which you can still turn back the clock and take a relaxed trip to the past in a traditional 
coach -and -pair, a ’Fiaker”. But it is also a city in which you can enjoy every modern 
comiorl. Vienna combines old with new-the beautiful and historical ’old town’, and the 
brand new Austria Center with all the technical facilities needed to hold anything from a 
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surroundings. A congress center with Vienna's very own charm and style. 

For further information, please contact Vienna (222) 234567/300 or write: 

P0B 53. A 1223 Vienna. Austria. Telex: 135024. 



The year 1985 was a good one 
for the Austrian economy, and 
lower oil prices should help 
1986 to be the same^ 

However, the economic pol- 
icies are likely to be very 
different Politicians in toe 
ruling Socialist-led coalition 
speak ofa great turning point 
In the. wake offhuge losses by 
(be state-owned engineering 
group Voest-Alpine, Austria's 
largest industrial group, Franz 
Vranitzky. the finance minis- 
ter, said baldly this yean “The 
time has gone when we could 
deride to spend a couple .of 
billion to create some jobs.” 

• Until now, jobs have had a 
higher priority than profitabil- 
ity. The government 
featherbedded the state sector 
as a means of soaking up 
excess labour. 

Bruno Kreiskv, Chancellor 
from 1970 to 1983, preferred 
higher government debts to 
higher unemployment, which 
touched a record of more than 
200,000 (7 per cent of the 
workforce) in January. Herr 
Vranitzky does not He denies 
be is a Thatched te — he told 
reporters recently he 
Mrs Thatcher’s way of 
conducting “economic 
warfare” - out some tinges of 
Thatcherism are recognizable. 
Although he himself has not 
said so, leading bankers have 
dropped hints that some de- 
gree of privatization may not 
be far down the road. 

Austria's gross domestic 
product, boosted by exports 
which were up by 12J per 
cent grew by 2.9 per cent last 
year .two per cent higher than 
in 1984 and die country’s best 
figure since the oil shock of 
1979. Dr Vranitzky made no 
bones about his satisfaction 
that Austria outstripped 
growth of 2.4 percent in West 
Germany, its most important 
trading partner. Tbe Vienna 
stock exchange also woke up 
with a boom. Share prices 
went up by 130 per 1 cent and 
share turnover in and outside 
the exchange rose about six- 

Much of Austria's trading 
success was due to small 
private companies, and Herr 
Vranitzky and Ferdinand 
I- ac i na , the state industry 

minister, are determined to 
shake up the public sector. ■: 

Long called for by the 
conservative opposition 
People's Party (GVT), the 
shake-up was precipitated by 
the resignation of the entire 
managing, board of VoesK 
Alpine fast November, when 
news emerged' that the 
company’s barter trade sub- 
sidiary, fotertradmg, badTost 
billions of schillings on oil 
speculation. The group’s 
losses for last year are expect- 
ed to reach more than t I 
■ billion schillings (about £447 
million)^ . • 

New management has been 
bought in ana given a man- 
date to make the group profit- 
able. Herbert Lewinsky, an; 
Austrian poached from Mobil 
in Hamburg to be Voest’s new 


from 2 


(real growth %) 
Current account 
‘ lom bn sch) 

1965 1986 * 

2.9 3.0 

- 2.0 8.6 

354-3 377.3 
431.1 435.5 

(CPI in%). 
Unemptynt rate 





Rate af exchanges £1 -appro jl25 

S a^^ starnotetitschestrstitutfit 


managing director,- says he 
will resign if the politicians 
will not give him .the indepen- 
dence to do just that, regard- 
less of the political 
consequences for the Socialist 
Party. . 

Under the consensus poli- 
tics of co-operation between 
unions and employers, to 
which many, attribute 
Austria's astounding postwar 
growth, ithe managing hoards 
of state industries have had to 
be politically balanced. Major 
political parties and trade 
union representatives have . 
been guaranteed seats on im- 
portant boards. 

- Herr Vranitzky and Herr 
Larina are now stressing qual- 

ifications and profit orienta- 
tion ' rather - man “political 
proportion aiisrn”. The state 
sector’s industrial holding 
company,. OlAG,. is being 
reorganized on these lines and 
a new OlAG law has gone 
before parliament ■ 

-For the ecooomyas a whole, 
prospects for 198o seem fairly 
rosy.Srneethe dramatic frill i n 
the pnee of*” i bit, ' the 1 semi- 
official; economic forecasting 
institute .WIFQ has raised its 
forecast to 3 per cent 
ra ZS per cent and im- 
proved its prediction for the 
current account. ■ which 
! showed a four biBion. schilling 
deficit in 1984. 

" More problematic than the 
current account will be adher- 
ence to the country's hard 
currency policy. Although the 
National Bank persists in 
saying the, ■schilling will con- 
tinue to keep pace with the 
Deutschmark, officials admit 
privately that it cannot, do so 
indefinitely unless Austria 
manages to bring 'other 'eco- 
nomic fundamentals into line. 
That the Austria economy 
grew faster than West 
Germany's last year was ex- 
ceptional they say, and they 
point to their neighbour's 
huge current account surplus 
and almost non-existent infla- 
tion rate. 

■ Austria's interest rate differ- 
ential over West Germany 
was increased . last month 
when the National Bank in 
Vienna did not foQow the 
Bundesbank in Frankfurt in 
cutting leading rates. The 
bank said this was necessary 
because of the better perfor-. 
raance of the German 

The revaluation this week 
of the schilling, which fol- 
lowed revaluation, of the mark 
in the realignment of tbe 
European Monetary System, 
will hit Austrian exporters and 
the country's important tour- 
ist trade, already worried that 
tbe decline of the dollar will 
cause a dramatic drop in the 
number of high-spending 
American visitors. 

A Special 

Franz Vranitzky, 




Why it is good taste t< 

drink the wine again 

The house that Friedensreich built 

Rust, a _Biiry n land village, in 
March: During a busy twcHday 
state visit to Austria, the West 
Gennan president, Richard 
von WeizsScker, squeezes in 
an opportunity to taste some 
Austrian wine. 

The villagers smile and the 
cameras of the Austrian press 
record what is widely seen as 
an historic occasion, for no 
other West Gennan caubetter 
reassure the .Austrians that 
their wine will still be drunk 
abroad after the catastrophe of 
last summer than Herr von 

Such reassurance is still 
necessary less than a year after 
the anti-freeze agent' 
diethylene glycol was discov- 
ered by West German inspec- 
tors and Austrian bottles 
rapidly disappeared ftom the 
wine shops of Europe,* the 
United States and Japan. A 
small but prestigious export 
was dealt a devastating blow 
and more than 23 million 
bottles of Austrian wine had to 
be destroyed. 

As wine growers went bank- 
rupt — even the world-famous 
flagship of Austrian wine, the 
House of Lenz. Moser, virtual- 
ly collapsed — those who had . 
.doctored the wines disap- 
peared behind bars. The in- 
dustry, already reeling from 
these events, then faced the 
appalling discovery that a 
horde of other abuses had 
been unearthed in the 
country's wine trade; red 
wines made only of water and 
grape refuse or chemicals and 
grape juice; white wines which 
had been watered down by as 
much as a third or which 
contained TNT. Not surpris- 
ingly, beer consumption dou- 
bled last summer. 

The agriculture ministry, 
therefore, worked out details 
of a proposed new law which it 
insisted would be the strictest 
in Europe. This included a 25- 
point code considered un- 
workable by most vine 
growers but enshrining several 
basic safeguards. Since last 
autumn all additives to any 
bottle of wine must be public^ 
ly registered. A similar re- 
quirement covers wine sold in 
bottles or even stored in a 

Stricter labels have also 
been introduced. They list any 
preservatives and reveal pre- 
cisely where the wine hails 



"Britain in Vienna 1986", the 
festival of British art which 
runs from April to June, aims 
to present the achievements of 

S aung, creative pebple in the 
elds of fashion, the arts, 
design, theatre and music 
The Prince and Princess of 
Wales are the festival patrons 
and during their visit, from 
April 14 to 16, they win open 
various events ana visit the 
British Council. The council, . 
which, with the British embas- 
sy in Vienna, is organizing the . 
festival, is celebrating its 40th 
anniversary in the Austrian 
capita] this year. 

Among the festival events 

from. The code also contains 
provision for the immediate 
access to wine cellars by 
inspectors and police. 

Although these measures 
may allay fears abroad, they 
have faced stria opposition 
from growers, who have con- 
sistently campaigned for tax 
. reductions to help them cope 
with the added expense of all 
this bureaucracy. The addi- 

to rich Austrian game dishes. 
The Zweigelt crossbreed 
found in the picturesque 
Wachau region of Austria 
along the Efenube also pro- 
duces some surprisingly 
smooth wines. 

Among the whites, the 
Griiner Veltiiner, which ac- 
counts for 30 per cent of all 
wines sold in the country, is i 
pleasant, if a little thin at i 

tives were mainly the work of times, and is unique to Aus- 
dealers, not growers.- Why, ask tria. It has a slightly peppery' 

many wine dealers, should the 
growers be penalized? 

Many of the Burgenland 
growers to whom Herr von 

aftertaste which makes n a 
good companion to dump-, 
lings and schnitzels. j 

Also to be found along the 

Weizsacker spoke said their banks of the Danube west of 
lives had' been made a misery Vienna is the most impressive 

as a result of Iasi summer. 
Wine growing was an integral 
part of their existence and had 
been part of their families' 
lives for generations. 

of the Austrian whites, the 
aristocratic Rhine Riesling 
grape. These vines- grow 
around the ruins of the great 
fortress at Dumstein, which 
commands the dramatic val- 
ley of the Danube between 
Consumer s till has Krems and Melk. and are 

celebrated pike. 

the best wmes SouUi ofGra ^ ^ of 

Styria, A ustria's southernmost 
Eight out of ten people in province, only a few miles 
Burgenland. Austria's eastern- from the Yugoslav frontier, 
most and poorest province, the foothills of the Julian Alps 
are engaged in some way in are endowed with a grape 
cultivating grapes. Since the which can be found in no 
law was passed last autumn, other part of the world. The 
they have regularly protested Schilcher Rose which is made 
at the regulations, riding brae- from them has been a Styrian 
- tors through Vienna and sub- « delicacy since medieval times 
mining evidence to an all- and. though something of an 
party monitoring committee acquired taste, is in summer 
which will report this spring one of the most refreshing 
on the stale of the country’s drinks to be found in Austria, 
wine industry. In ^ hmom H&jri ^ 

However, the consumer of taverns above the AusmS 
Austrian wines is unlikely to capital, -there is in the autumn 
find his choice narrowed by another refreshing drink matte 
the new law once he crosses partly from grape juice and 
the country’s borders. On the partly from wine, called, aptly 
whole, most Austrian wines m view of its strength, 
are drunk rather young. Tbe "Sturm". Its heady, yeasty 
financial dependence of the flavour has a pleasant, u 

"Sturm". Its heady, yeasty 
flavour has a pleasant, u 

growers on quick sales and a disarming, fizz to it 
high turnover has prevented All lhw* lirinkt a 

high turnover has prevented 
many growers from taking 
Austrian wine seriously when 
it is more than two or three 
years old. In addition, 
Austria's harsh climate does 
not encourage vintage wines. 

Nonetheless, there are sev- 
eral respectable red wines 
which can be laid down for a 
few years. The Blaufrankisch, 
a grape originally from 

All these drinks are still to 
be enjoyed in Austria without 
any ill effects beyond those 
normally associated with alco- 
hol Despite last summer’s 
traumas, wine-lovers can rest 
assured that it will not be 
necessary, as happened in the 
14th • century, for Austrian 
wine to be poured into the 
foundations of a cathedral 
tower on account of its astrin- 

Charlemagne's Franconia, is £ enc y- Now, as then, it has 
the source of But^aland’s par shown ? remarkable capacity i 
excellence red wines and is an to survive, 
agreeable dry accompaniment • RB 

"We live in concrete concen- 
tration camps... we need col- 
our, not anonymity, 

irregularity not symmetry,'' 
explained 8 bearded man, 
dressed in what seemed to be 
his pyjamas. The journalists 
looked at one another in 
bewilderment; for two. hours 
Friedensreich Hundertwasser 
had berated reporters in a 
high-pitched whine about the 
shortcomings of Austrian ar- 
chitecture in the 1980s. 

-Heir Hundertwasser, a well- 
known and internationally 
celebrated Austrian painter,, 
was opening what has become 
the most remarkable block of 
flats to have been built -in 
Austria since tbe L930s: De- 
signed and supervised by him, 
it was his first essay in brick 
and mortar. ■ 

Sandwiched between tall 
grey classical buildings the 
Hundertwasser house strikes a 
note of irrepressible Mediter- 
ranean exuberance. There are 
no straight lines, and* more 
than 20 colours and 15 differ- 
ent materials adorn the fa- 
cade. Gold onion-shaped 
domes' echo the Baroque 
churches of southern Austria; 
trees lean out of windows in 
the facades' balconies; towers 
are set at rakish angles. Tbe 
serious art historian regarding 
the building with a profession- 
al eye would be forced to 
conclude that, in style, tbe 
building was somewhere be- 
tween Fischer von Erlach and 

The flats themselves are the 
culmination of a tradition of 
socialist housing which beam 
in the years immediately after 
tbe First World War. On July 
20, 1923, the town council of 
Vienna passed a law voting 
sums for the construction of 
some 23,000 flats. Between 
then and 1934, about 263,000 
flats were built, often by the 
most innovative architects of 
the period. They became the 
pride of socialist Vienna and 
were considered so luxurious 
by the Russian troops which 
invaded Austria at the end of 
the Second World War that 
they could not believe that 
they were simply “workers’ 

Earlier, during the 1930s, 
they had witnessed some of 
the most bloody fighting of the 
civil war. The strong walls of 
such buildings as the Karl 
Marx Hof had proved excel- 
lent arsenals, though the sav- 
agery with which howitzers 

... ' ■ - ’ : 

:• ' V •'* ■' ■ 

"** 1 ?■■■£ 

* — -U/, .. 

...and made the whole of Vienna look twice 

were employed by. the Austri- 
an army to demolish them; 
provoked universal condem- 
nation from liberal opinion 

Herr Hundertwasser's debt 
to these earlier buildings is 
acknowledged in his writings 
but, though his irregular pile 
might seem tailor-made for 
guerrilla warfare, tbe social 
stability of. present-day Aus- 
tria demands something alto- 
gether less monumentaL “I 
nave only one desire, ” be 

admits, "and that is to build, 
without resorting to cliche a 
truly unusual house." 

Born in Vienna in- -1926, 
Herr Hundertwasser was 
deeply Impressed by tbe 
grey ness of the. city recovering 
from one catastrophe and. 
about to enter a second. It left 
him with a passion for colour 
and an undying contempt" for 
architects. "Of 'course, they 
can build churches and' muse- 
ums but they cannot build 
houses because they _ have 

forgotten something, namely 
people," he says. 

For Herr ' Hundertwasser, 
architecture is still suffering, 
the baneful influence of the 
' Bauhaus — too many straight 
tines, when what humanity 
. craves is variety.* Quality of 
life- . can only come from 

These are remarks and ideas 
which will doubtless meet 
with approval when the Prince 
of Wales visits Vienna next 
week as patron of the “Britain 


12 Elisabeth Sdderstrdm, 
Geoffrey Parsons, recital with 
works by Britten and others, 
Konzerthaus. 19.30 

13 ORF Symphony Orchestra 
conducted by Harrison 
Birtwistle and Anthony Pay. 
works by Birtwistle and De- 
lius, Konzerthaus, 19.30 

15 Philharmonia Orchestra, 
London(Gala Concert), 
Konzerthaus, 19.00 
18,19,20 Elton John, 

25 Wiener Symphoniker, Wie- 
ner S&ngerknaben,- -conductor, 
Sir Yehudi. Menuhin, 
Konzerthaus, 19.30 • • ■ 
Ulster . Orchestra, 
Mfusikverein, 19 JO 
Matt Bianco — Jazz Pop 
Pioneers. Sladthalle 
27 Scottish National Orches- 
tra, conductor, Neeme Jirvi, 
Konzerthaus, 19.30 


3 * Elgar: “The Dream of 
Gerontius", ORF Symphony 
Orchestra, conductor. Sir 
Charles Mackerras, 
Konzerthaus. I9J0 

7 Murray Perahia, piano, 
works by Britten and others, 
Konzerthaus, 1930 

8 Nigel Osborne concert (with 
the composer), Konzerthaus, 
19 JO 

12 Lecture and discussion 
about and with the composer 
Sir Michael Tippett, 
Konzerthaus, 18.00 
14 Wiener Symphoniker with . 
Sir Michael Tippett conduct- 
ing his own work, 
Konzerthaus. 19.00 

9,10,11 Kent Opera, Theater 
an der Wien 



14,15,16 National Theatre of 
Great Britain, Congreve's. 
“Love for Love", Burgtheater 

Another cohrarfifl work; the tapestry, "Three Houses of Atlantis" 

r * 

v vf ’^Vt'^vs *•“ i \ : -. = >;. 

Hundertwasser and! the m- - 
■ omaveddonal creation (left)!., 
that caused the gasps 

in Vienna" festival; Both Hcnv 
Hundertwasser and Prince' 1 
Oiaries believe -passionately 
in improving the urban envi- 
ronment and it will be inter- : 
esting to see whether, like the 
last Prince of Wales to visit 
Vienna, the future Duke of 
Windsor, who insisted on 
seeing the Karl Marx; Hof, 
Prince Charles finds time to ! : 
experience what is a unique 
experiment in European 

Herr Hundertwasser’s re- 
marks, like those ofthe Prince 
of Wales, have angered many 
architects. Accusations 1 
abound in Vienna that Herr 
Hundertwasser was able 
build his bouse and break so 
many of the usual .Vienna 
planning regulations only on 
account of his close relations 
with the government, They 
are also sceptical ofthe ability - 
of the trees in tbe facade. to 
grow without endangering tire 

“U looks pretty now but in 
10 years it wfl] be a ruin," an 
archilecturaf student of the 
distinguished Austrian archi- 
tect, Hans HoUeio, predicted 
confidently. - • •; 

Herr Hundertwasser dis- . 
missed such criticism as “typi- 
cal • of the dictatorship of ' 
' architectural dogma". Tbe • -. 
value of a tree, be says, is : 11 
inestimable in a city such as : 
Vienna, the presence of colour ; - 
equally invaluable. As the • 

. Vienna council has agreed to : 
sanction a second project from : 
the ‘ artist, ' Herr ; 
Hundertwasser's view would ! 
seem set to become even more ■ 
widely appreciated. 


Tippett: Conducting 

19,20 National Theatre, Sir 
Peter Hall's adaptation of 
“Animal Farm”, 

A kademiet healer 


1-30 “The Great British 
Films” — British cinema retro- 
spective, two screenings every 
day, ■ 18.00 and 

20.00, Ost erreichi sches 


14 (for one month) Contempo- 
rary British Ceramics, 

16 (mtiJ May 6) British 
Design 1986, Kanstlerhaus 

Elton John: lit concert 

16 (until May 6) British Art 
1986, Kanstlerhaus 

16 (until May 6) British 
Illustrators from Caxion to 
Chloe, Kunstlerhaus 
16 (until May 6) British Books 
on Contemporary An and 
Design, Kanstlerhaus 
16{ until May 10) Contempo- 
rary British Jewelry,. Galerie 


April • 

14 British Commercial Week ; 
begins in Central Vienna 
15-16 Opening of British Car 
Show, Pestsdiue, Graben ' 
15-16 Austro-British Design 
Symposium. Belvedere - 
16 Austro-British Art Meet- 
ing. Secession 

16 Gala British Fashion Show, 

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(fan sachufly no non hr ft. Ad I 
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fada and Sri Lada gad Mi fa Motive 
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far as (Map and ttpoL Madly, fan 
Mam iManetind Abpnt. 



from your portfolio can} check vour 
eight share p nee movements Add (wm 
in? lo give you your overall local. Check 
ihis aprnist the daily dividend figure 

E ublisfied on this page. If it matches vou 
ave won outnghl or a share of the total 
daily prize money sated. If you are a 
winner follow die claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when churning. 




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Equities forge ahead 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began April 1. Dealings end today. §Contango day April 14. Settlement day, April 21. 
§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 


►npn law Ccnan; 

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818 613 uw 
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391 £78 Pttanmna 343 

368 326 Rh**v UhU 328 

94 5* FLtayLtatam 58 

2ZS 195 Saga HdeoBys 197 

360 260 Sinkwtwnfip 323 

63 51 ToaaNttta Hotafhr 53 

183 ia* Zeners 178 

.. mo 80 83 

+29 .. a .. 2SA 

-3 70 50 110 

♦1 1.4b 08 140 

80 39 1*2 

•*6 147 03 192 

-1 .. .. 55.4 


-1 03 52 68 

71b 00 80 

00 00 110 

•♦7 7.6 40 107 

107 01 130 
• . . 18.1 40 13LS 


&A 04 16.7 

04b 10 . . 
S.7eXLB 96 
-2 8.1 30 150 


13% 8% Ang Airar Cad ' 
1 0'. 743 Ang Am 
57* a Am era 

a 38 aait 

40 a* Aaetovaaf 

41 -36 DO' A' 

IN 130 Mar Hearn ' 
4=5 310 efyrooa 
180 100 Bradtan 
-21 * 15* BUMS 
SB 258 CRA 
95 68 Can Boyd 
534 439 Cane Gd dfi dde 
531 3 14 Ob Been 
300 123 Detdtaatt 

3'. 6* Oooratarxam 

13% »% onetamabi 
7% 4* drain 
255 ISO E Dam*. 

59. 350 Bands tni 
180 128 B On 
IBS 115 asborg . 

390 218 E Reed Getd 
4% 2% E POTtfPrp 
9 7'. FS Cora 

£13 123 FS Da* . 

73 30 Gwrer 7ta . 

8% B 1 . GtaOel 

10 « Gan Utaeig 

10% 7 GFSA 
478 368 GM Kdgoort 
83 3S Gopeug 
37S 2S5 GroccX 
148 101 Karaoton Araes 
9% 6% Itam uu y 
2W 223 HtaMs 
n 5i Journal 
12* 8* Kinross 
6% 4% Hoed 
iso MS Lease 
13*. 9% Umnon 
410 2S3 Lorana 
157 118 MM 
a 18 Mattystan Mnrag- 
123 -74 Msnevata 
N M* MaWs Espbaaon 
J4 8 Mhanmra 
9 5* Mdde wta 

£35 555 MdOiCO 
5% 3 Hew Mb 
W 100 Wi Broken Ml 
50 33'.- 11*1 

260 210 Northgn) 

22* 18* Orange Fran 
128 90 Petattw Tn 
289 229 Pako Waiesnd 
ZB 18* Rand Mtaee Ud 
445 320 Rand Mnes Prop 
69 16 f te ndf u n lta n 
296 233 Hanson- 
791 511 RTZ 
7% . 4% Rustanewg 

-10 540 07. .. 

-1 448 93 mm 

♦i an *7 .. 

• M2 40 .. 
'14K-'44— ■ 
.. 470 530 

.. 700 220 .. 

+5 200 220 .. 

282 160 .. 

• +3 350 70 110 

-s iea as .. 

.. 4.0 20 .. 

.. 92 0 t£9 .. 

128 110 .. 

-% ,V9 .. 


-13 120 30 .. 

00 30101 
-5 MjO 12 .. 
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-6 17.14364- 10 

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«70 102 .. 

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.. 200 410 .. 

. . 540 21.1 .. 

M ■ 50 307 
.. 620 85 .. 

♦7 170 00 .. 

♦1 345 44 .. 

-% 890 90 .. 

I .. 400 11. .. 

+5 290 26.4 .. 

-■» 115 110 .. 



-» 100 10 .. 
:. 230 50 .. 

+8 .. .. 

. . 120 .31 105 

-IV SI 9-7 .. 

11* 7* Sf Hatara 
188 105 3A Unf 
31 20* Soutavari 

556 425 Sanonatan 
138 SO Sunge.Be» 
9* 8 fare 
738 75 Trench 
5SR 350 UM 
56* 4i* vael Reeta 

-5 290 41 M.l 

250 30 547 
.. 125 101 .. 

-Z 160 153 .. 
->* 118 52 .. 

105 65 Vttkbneta 

90 58 vagds 

13* to* Vkankta Conwy 
546 378 Mtattcn 
310 175 Wastam Areas 
29* 20* Wesarn Deep 
IN M9 Weetam Mvsng 
26S 168 Wes Rand Cam 
iM KM Mem Creak 
IT 1 . 10% WMtatt 
56 36 wa Mgta 

16* IIV Zambia Copper 
58 44 Zandwn 

.. 480-90 

-% 888 1t0 .. 

.. 540 110 .. 

♦4 130 180 .. 

40 SJ 80 

-« B70 M0 . . 

+& 23.0 90. .. 

-* 171 .70 .. 

+3 00 17 .. 

+5 120 15 .. 


** ITS 15.1 .. 

-1 1.1 £4 .. 

-1 07 92 


189 189 AE 

141 78 Am 

141 70* Am 

41 24* SSI 


(CO) 2B5 

Br Aereetmce 363 

BCVtadM ' 127 

CWVN- 178 

Cowu m 178 

Om (Godfrey) ire 

a!* £ifl 

W, 43 

FR- Greuo 379 

Ford Motor 278 

Gaws (Frank q 6B 

General Monr 264 

GitartekJ Lawrence 78 
Gnwp Loan T33 

Hartwefc 88 ■ 

Honoe Motor 44i 

Jacuw 468 

Jessuos 121 

Ktatnng Motor £ts 

K«m-F* 1CH 

[ A*. 381 

LOTkar* 115 

Luces * 618 


"eren* IOE9 89 

Owe* tfU) 85 

Supra ss 

Woodhetat (Jones) 56 

7.1 40 122 

7.1 60 40 

22 1.7 17.1 
10 46 90 
- I .. .. 
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220 40 119 

50 20119 

14 30' .. 

50 20 12 
57 40 143 
70 90 180 


.. 60 

_ . 


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13 82 


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43 561 






25 124 



49 *43 






02 140 

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67 20 IT 3 

100 08 149 
80 90 <49 
400 30 217 

. . . . 42.7 

49 £0115 
43 l.i .. 

11.1 50 1*7 
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5.1 2.7 260 

11 22300 

107 07 106 

41 30 114 

ms » c»i*io»w 

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30 is ChenertW 
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2*0 200 ao ten** Rea 
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120 45 09 MP R«f 

a ™ 

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48 25 ta*LCB»3 

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34 a* P raam 
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SO* 4» Rapt Deft* 

783 633 B AM 
ITS .133 Stoma 

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.. I 


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♦17 129 ’ 


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146*137 arauui 
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385 325 IMrnaon CroskeM 
400 303 menace 

37 28 : Jacks (MM 

3D 1 201 Loretta 
64 51 Ocean Mtacn 

258 190 Rdta30« 0OCB 
aso iso an -a 
T 8S 128 Paey Pm* 
so M State Oarer 
580 570 5*e* Brea 
M3 61 Tdzsr Ke m per 
170 153 TMeCaan 

re *7 ir irm 

140 • . . 100 7.1 07 

97 «3 U 11 41 

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373 .. 28.9 19 HU 

37 10 43120 

2B5 -4 IT I 40 09 

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221 ■ .. IS 08 72 

220 • .. U 19 70 

138 *+3 HUM 

229 40 94 
. .. 420 

as m m 


215 MMtIM 
43 UCM R 
225 Ajscc Pa ear 
31 Alta 4 wug 
t38 MOW 
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M3 Brasm 
142 DO flJV 
470 Bustl 
720 CtaWM- GDrtfW 
173 Capnan. 

120 Cnaoaynd Sir I me 


145 DetadSon ItttaP S 
£60 EuctafltataPWp 
172 ReneontM 
375 Fra*Daa^n 
53 GaeriS* 
no Good Denaoni 
186 nmararaa . 

3ii LOwe j+5 C-E 
M0 McCanuooHa 
S3 Mered^nab 
128 Mrtoo Den 

OjM A Matter 

40 10 219 
10. 04 114 
18 07 MB 
.. .. 80 
10 19 79 
5* 10327 
1710 07 17 

70 40311 
79 47 373 
743 £3-212 

(« OS29S 
120 53 114 
20 11 ICO 
30 1.4.M* 
119 41 M3 
. 10 11470 
TOO 22 79 
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U U 74 
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9« 22224 

11 00 22.4 

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S> TV*» Go . 

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Do 63N Cn* FW 
Sart Lied) 

UM 10 320 
209 HIM 
90 13 -. 
'47 20 .. 
17 40115 
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35.7 *0 154 
13 03 130 
41 1.1380 

Wight Cdka 


58 27 

75 71 
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ax *54 
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282 215 
540 *40 
178 U* 
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230 218 
2*5 200 
IW 170 
475 418 
BM 780 
1B5 136 
243 873 
20 I»': 

137 99 
178 117 


250 ISO 
10 ' " 6 % 
165 758 

. n 

626 Wei 

m -s 

02 . 00710 
20 20 17.1 
20 09 157 
1U 29111 
09 IS 79 
«1 10189 

139 16 223 

29 20173 

Cap < Ca ge — 
CtatSH Prop 

39 20170 
70 * 72M 

Otaka HckoW 

Control Sac*- . 
Country 4 Near . 
Coiany 79 

«* •eS 

«n 4 

813 • ... 


2*5 +J3 

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260 202 
I A* 10 
495 435 
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280 233 
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300 270 
100 !W 

Eetata* A Agseer 
Esaws Gao 
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Eva— or leak 
FMa Otars 

80 3J 300 

20 t.l . 
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BJ 11223 
217b 30120 
991.63 304 
59 .21303 
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10 39240 

.ne 09 129 

ffn 04 

43 20 740 
08 3.1 170 
121 11 131 

50 52 119 

Ilf 52 121 
WO 07 200 
3.10 13800 



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Lor 4 Eon Tat 

Loa 0. mar Step 
Lon Shop Aop 

w - . 

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195 *3 

635 a a 

2» • .. 


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315 *8 
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156 • .. 

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12.1 20302 
48 24700 
140 U 47 
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7 3 27333 
ZS 10289 
HU 02.118 
1 3 37334 
T£1 18 272 
120* 18 210 
43. 41 
17 29 20.1 
700 49117 
U 20371 
ISO 43 224 




tl n i e ii v taw 

Mucuow (A6J) 


Naw (SeaitlWt 

Prop t Re* 
Prop ,HMg> 

Prop Sacurky 

297 260 Rush IranpHIta 
208 163 Sanaei 
» 7B EctalM 

!5 £ saw 

164 144 Stand Sara 
670 605 EkOCk Gofamrtaon 
S3 » StoeUra 
'.SO *S TownCenra 
S3 ISA TraBore Part 
128 85 UK UM) 

570 526 UM.Red 
8W 605 Warner - 
520 475 WamfoM 
a IT, Webb Uos) 

.180 142 .Yam* ACoatrf 


565 • ... 



22 • .. 

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257 33 307 

210 41410 
07 -12.710 
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S J S -■ 143 44 197 

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36B 29i ret e rtaiee 3*t . . 11 10. ref 

» « Rrattaral -to +7 i7 80-M 

<**9_ 520 .. 179 3424* 

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556 iM PLOW So 

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380 360 TuitaitaSoaB 370 -10 149 85000 

41 10.710 

47 80-70 
179 34249 
01 48 302 


380 290 FB 

208 W* GtanarBeoBt 

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i« umbmi nemm 

£ 'S 255?“ 4 

108 S Prttana 

iS2 116 Strortn A-nehp 

£73 tse wy» 

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IM .. HI 40 90 
X .. 33* 94 75 

1J5 ’ 42 4.1 145 

78 .. .44. 50 300 

1B2 »re 42 41 .44 
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250 59102 
190 41 139 

30 39 381 

171 7. 4 49 

60 10* 87 
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l£9 83 99 

10 2.1 803 

Awe Book 

Com (wim 
S o A 
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Hayne s. Prananlng 
Hrtne Conn Ml 
bn Thomson 
New bntaftetontt 

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200. 135 
TiO 97 
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327 143 
65* 53'. 
315 W0 
1*8 74 

2ZS 196 

376 234 

154 OB 

90 35 

IW 69 
113 88 

30 33 

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W8 138 
77* 84 
93 01 
S6 71 
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MJ 72 80 
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4 3 16 119 

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6.1b 30 117 
29 27 153 

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Br BftfhaA All *" .' 4*1 as 

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paymert.passBd f Prfce at suspension g DtaMend and 
^fc9 ^aqiB cMpayiiiBWkPre4iwo»ffaeB6ta 
^«6^MifWB8 o Ex other t Ex ngws jExsoip or 
share spU t Tax-tree . , No skpiiAcam data. ^ 




‘w' :C t7. L . ta 



by Clifford Webb 


April HA OnMM 

Jtgtttr & Dtimter 

Auth ori sed 




sqiardy in the same league as 
two litre rivals from Audi, 
BMW, - Mercedes. Renault, 
Peugeot, Volvo; Ford and the 
uew Rovcr 600 due later this 

/ Large front wheel drive cars 
facemajor problems keeping 
torque steer within acceptable’ 
.bounds. Nothing- is more off 
• nuttinz than to accelerate to 

V ^ ‘ i 

■ - •• 

■ ■■/ - 7 - 

> - 7* 


tar nftaMa peim 

iMOTtwasn day or 

ROLLS royce & 




id: . 




Tet (D9B8) 73311 JAGUAf?" 




LUX B6 spec 500 6L/300 BL 
NEW 500 SEL. UHL (85 
Sees) tooctf Blue Jpaygtf^ 

tent*. VC. ESR. R/cm* 
1000ra - E2S . 996 

sea SE HEW, Ctamwo*. 

ESR. : 820,995. 

280 SE NEW, DBOMOfl M*. 

ESR _. £8 0 .8 8 6. 

300E/260E. Met P-O-A. 

w MBP. ESR. — P-OJL 
Tml; 2 A- 16 . Smote sa*s, 
pra-ina. pdee-dsro car v* 
1906. Autn,SI^H Red ML 
toys. E/wnctaw, — 

190E AUTO (A) mm. ESR. 

A/C. Aioys. fled Tex. t mrav. 

1BM290e AUTO, few »9A 
ESR. E/*wd- 2OJJ0O m OLOOS 
New Pored* 930 Tuba 
New Ami Ohutc. wuib. - 
rT S tatto* * ctoa ot 2 WMte 
and Cttmfegm 


dtarX* rtsfU hand 
drive. 1985 - 2 g-O OO nti le». pro- 
niniirmUr mwrM fontc 
.-Km central Yoetew sunm 

a.c eiajsoa t*l ooi *S 7 

aaiML Svfennp BAH menuc 
neomng 30200 mUa RallWlc 
offers around £ 7.600 required. 
T« 0025 773303 

XJ6 3.4 1985 (C). 

Cobalt Blue *dlh T weed 
Interior. One careful tody 
owner- 6 Months Tax. 
6.000 Mfles. 


Tel 0280 814938, 

CANJUtBZ.Mnnry - 
' Seychelles Blue «*n BM* 
Emtie* too t Magnott BHenor. 
Deed Da* Btoe, One mmar. 
F5X. fijDOO-mtas. Hoopai ex- 
tras. inaue- ^peufeiOon - 

01-624 6633 



Ivory. Automatic. Sun roof. 
1985. Supptied and serviced 
by mirin agents. 

47.000 Mttes. 

sae sel iW 2 Dam wav. 
25.000 mites only, extras in- 
etude. Mr coodlHoniae- ends* 
control, electric wots, airad ra- 
<no. abs. sunroof, dena* 

nW wtttry. Under warranty. Ex- 
ecutive car. Immacidau. 
£ 15 . 450 . Tetovhcne 0742 
560569 mo* evenings. 

HOLLS /BENTLEY 1070 Suver 
.snodow. Gotd/anM-n. rao no. 
ii MFC. I 9 «T Bentley MX wt 
4 *v litre. ABo Daumier. 
kMntdtf and Cadillac Bank- 
ruptcy auction, t fltti April. 

So non CdhmrkL Cmlw* 

Stevens CnamaWn * Slater 
021-645 1942 - 


TEL 851 2810. 


r-r.y 1 





very comprehensive including 

that places it . 


. Top Discctonts 
Any inaloe supphed 
Low tale interest 
Losing or fi n a nc e 


01-950 0052 


30 Srookhtf Road 
• East Barnet - 

Tot 01 - 441 2250 . . 

Vtwre the customer ta king 


hi rad wan imUmt uphotwry. 
59-000 nutf» wim service MM; 
ry. Extras I net ode. central 
locking- eMc sunroof.' alloy 
wheels, imraacuiw mride and 
OUL £7.995. 0327 K57175. 

fleet order 

VH PWn C Mame hh* 
vw Ood QNoW van wtwo 
VW Qoif Danel van Mara 

VWPwatOLS Estate n»h 

Audi SO Onattro Tornado 

.rad. . 


0203 56325 

Open Stanleys 

BMW 5251 

Aula. Metallic saver. A 
Reg 1985. -37X00 mfl«t 
Dec sun roof. Radio cas- 
cette. Excellent 


316 Y ( 83 ) 

Black. 4 LOCK) mis. oo6- 
lent CMMlUtalL . FSH. 
stereo rcaerette. taxed Oct. 
M OTd . 

£ 4£50 
JI74488 2573 

911 ; CARRERA 




Pham PMW Lock or. 
. * SaW=aii6rioved , «id 
business user* we take 
arty vehicle in any 
condition es a deposit. 
Free defivery anywhere 
. in the UK. 

drift bridge 
garage ltd. 

Refined Example. 1984 
Slate Blue. 19.000 careful 
miles. FSH. Sad owner 
must sen ae gong abroad. 
Priced for quick sale 
£ 21,000 ono 
Tet ft *M 9W tay law 

lii'VIy;; ',CT 



h no* haraflng large MOefliS N 

Me mflu sarins and open tor 
Kgrtants to wot <nasn» 

regotawos to Mm toarara 
campons wt» may wad sd- 
ngt comred n these anus. 

(8452) 2Stn GLOUGESia 

WyMi LXS 01601481 



Jggsr" « 

f' ,UT rft. AdnSSlq 1 lJvSHJS* 1 *’'* 
_»nn Apm iffig; L,1 ***’«u <m 



iiKomTo^ajw^gj^ rmu * 





* Svi^ 1ST CLASS** 

• Sr : r-ssss* 


For A Fair Deal 
01-631 0167 

Agents Atoi 5393 

I jransJw £80 . 

f JSiyw asta. 

SB ^ 


Ot 3700990 nW **» JC1W. 

*WMp&*£ 5& 


LnUtn^, arm \ 1 S 1 J .^!J h i Am > 
W »o tow imp 

1 *>Tn ffaii o i« -w v 5 ?** 1, Tw 


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P unpin. rfroTJjS* AWTA 


s«® 0S?44 sSSw^ F, '*» j 

w^fTna I 


Jlectiires a meetings j 

M wpm tr or LONDOW- n» I 


^"yrS 5 *«ss / 
ssr? 3 r £*85 I 

2 ls *?¥££■ I |E 

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far east 

eurocheck travel 

01 543 4066 

Km-4 i not 

[^ DISCOUNTED fares 

ss?“" |» ££■ 

ST ss ss 

S?°Ln, S* BSi 

£££.“* SS? SS 


prank ' 

1 5 7 S ? m ^ 5 ^ Limilcpd 

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L |^ T 5 fc,nSV '' ly bQS I 

VyTrf: 01-930 7m<2nS OWl jl 


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S^*( !ul * ■ Hcfl o - Bia.. 
«w Om*. ^nd taSm h SV* lr 
» OOXA&r. ^ 

Daria £ 

7 tehrtckttgfafct 

I 1^4^ rl'.? <-I9j 

1 irW c^:> .A-?;' 
i C7S0 ' To, -A-'* ' 

'30 - ermyn Si-fo/Swr 

’ S30 7TJJ- 

' L '‘* irrifr 

«***»»- iwra» 



League secures 


*s bound to ^ 


,_ wa uT 

3 l**» s Q45L51 

We can’t 
care for the 

victims of 

cancer unless 
you da 

fc --*££SSS" 

s 5?Wsr' 




&ve with Swi ssa ir's 
Super Apex. 

| London to Zurich or , 
Genevd daily on con- J 
vcmem afternoon 
"fghis. I 

I n- n »? d . a * ,y ^ominfi I 
J pshte London to Basie I 
j I except Sundays). I 

h^r ka H dpayl4tia y s 
j oerore departure. i 

Siay m Switzerland at | 

£S ht ^ , 

Similar savings a j s0 I 

ram Manchesier and J 

o'mringham direct to ’ 
Switzerland. I 

Bookingsand full con- 
ditions from travel I 

agems or 0M37957J. j 

■«■ o« w nr 

its A 




ten. 4 wm pmm- 

*-l 7 ft £JL 7 M^ ^ 2 “ fto,n 

0 <W 8 7 * 97 ? ”- T '*eW*«iP 


Mate 1986 the 
>®f r 3«ugot 
thewI/arAa. j 

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Swdforour 86brachuw I 


s«TOWK^. ona SK I 




”«Sr itS? - J* 631 

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1 1 leaves the 
door wide open 
for Esdale 

By Mandarin (Michael Pfafflqis) 

Much of the interest in Today's nap t 

todays Laburnum Stakes at Top Wing to wi 
Kempton Park evaporated Narie Giri Anm 

ivempion Park • evaporated 
yesterday when, after walking 
the course,- Guy Harwood 
decided not to run his much 
vaunted 2,000 Guineas hope 
Dancing Brave after alL - 

Nevertheless, the coil's 
owner, Khafed Abdulla, can 
still have his colours carried to 
victory by Esdale, who is 
trained by Jeremy Tree at 
Beck ham pton. 

A half-brother to the 1983 
French Oaks winner Escaline, 
Esdale finished second to 
Z a h da m in his only race as a 
two-year-old. So with Zahdam 
winning even that sub-stan- 
dard 2,000 Guineas trial at 
Salisbury on Wednesday the 

Today's nap though goes on 
Top Wing to win the Florence 
Nagle Girl Apprentices Maid- 
en Stakes. I find it significant 
that Jeremy Hindley left the 
colt in the Laburnam Stakes as 
well at the four-day forfeit 
stage before deciding to stick 
to his original, plan and give 
Alison Harper the chance to 
ride her first winner. 

In his ooiy race as a two- 
year-old, Top Wing was run- 
ner-up to Winds of Light, a 

Badarbak and Nisnas met 
once last season at Newmar- 
ket and finished third and 
fourth, respectively, behind 
Truely Nureyev and 
Huntingdale. They meet now 
on the same terms. 

At this meeting 12 months 
ago Eddery captured the Poly- 
anthus Maiden Stakes on 
Moorgate Man and the Syrin- 
ga Handicap on Alakh. Now I 
expect him to win the same 
two races on Enchanted Times 
(2.00) and Bridge Stmt Lady 
(4.30) and perhaps take the 
Magnolia Stakes as well on the 
recent course winner 
Loagghnrst, whose proven fit- 
ness will surely count for a lot 
on such testing ground. 

Bridge Street Lady, my 
selection for the Syringa 
Handicap, finished second 
first time out to Hilton Brown 
here on Easter Monday. In the 
meantime the third horse. 
Will George, has drawn atten- 
tion to the reliability of that 
form by winning twice,, ini- 
tially at Lin^eld and then at 


Going: good soft 
Draw: high number* best 


102 CWTL2COI#IEr®i»ognJi4>HoBta«JRteinonW)_; _BRo«»a_ 

103 Art Eddery 7 

104. MTHBIlME<W<artiil0Tlnn90^ — ^ — _ — __ p5tarimy2 

105 recHTwihfep o Bwign Hmoosc^; — ahcgiom9 

106 ' MAIQMIH8CtflB e (IMoodbflHyUSDlJifig90 

107 MICRO LOVE (J El»rir*d) M OTtea 90 — 4 

106 MOON NN00(RRichva4C Braun 94) M Roberts 3 

112 OUCKBMAPSCnwBtAInBpwM- — — J RMS- 

116 S*CNLEY ROW 1 IB Skaggs)* Ivory 90 RCocfcoMl 

5-2 Father urns. 7-2 JMe*» todptx *-1 Mtuth T&m. 5-1 BrahantoftTlinoa, B-1 
Owe* Snap. 9-1 Mafcft Mtecrta U 12-lotrwx. 

Y-a £1,867: 1m If) (5) 

201 BM BBBSA W1fDBIfpnns o M aM dE»qC*<P»Bu90 Say K tole wa y S 

203 00- HR AOVISB|(USA)tASMMl)F Dun* 90 ,0«hriiPnc»Q2 

204 00-0 NCVE«Bffi(A5pM*«J8ridwrW)_ Sjana Mm aY ft 1 

205 03- SAF*AH (USA) (F Sttuari) U Pnocon 98 W ntOf Car t* 4 

207 2- TOP WMG (K J Hmefloy 94) Maon Harper (5) 3 

11-10 Berft* Ryder. 2-1 Top Wing, 4-1 Saftev 8-1 Mr Adrinr. 191 New Bee. 

Kempton selections . 

- By Mandarin 

2.0 Enchanted Times. 2.30 TOP WING (nap). 3.6 Abo Kadra. 3J0‘ 
Esdale. 4.0 Longgbmt. 4.30 Bridge Street Lady. 5.0 Golden Croft. 

By Our Newmaricei Correspondent 
10 Moon Indigo. 130 Top Wing. 3.0 Job's GirL 3.30 Cromwell 
Park. 4.0 Norfolk Sonata. 4.30 Matou. 5.0 Swift Trooper. 

Michael Sedy 's selection: 3.0 Job's GirL 


301 141140- STATB.YFORM 

302 600092 ABUKAflMAfflh 

306 133441- FOUCOAMCEJD] 

307 130090 nestor toiph 
306 112329 POCHARD (USA) 
309 000080 KENTUCKY QCC 

g S3 

1 1-4 Abu Kattt. 4-1 JOTS GW. 92 Fo* Dane*. S-1 Pochard, 7-1 Steady Form. 9-1 
Manor. 12-1 Moon Joshs. 191 oftera. 


tn M Nwt«»)JTr»a 4-9-10 PM Eddwy « 

Gwenj wr Musson 5-9-7 M WgUw g 

J McOougeld} I Baking 4-90 SOrtwfl 

i) G Lms 994) PWBttool 

(F Salman) P Cctt 4-9-0 TQB*n7 


Going: good to soft 
Draw: SI, high numbers beat 

2.15 SCARBOROUGH SPA SEUJNG STAKES (2-y-o: £901: SI) (11 

T s 

l 0 ^QFPaS^sJBar^JfmyWt iZSll 

» m a mJSTii 

12 0 WOHTOWflASmrtilA^ftW- — MMtonarl 

13 O KAMSTAR (O D M C Dwyer 6 

Ttte Sak. 12-1 Reas Duet l*-l earns- 

Beverley selections 

By Mandarin 

115 Harry's Coming. 145 Wnctoj «. Make Peace, 3.45 

Christmas Holly- 4.15 Wide Boy. 4.45 ™co* 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent . 

2.45 AJo^hmc. 3.15 PUn« Ash. 3.45 Rc& Cwswo. 4.15 



*. - ■ i?-'v . 

Henry CeciL Knowing that 
Gay Kelleway's mount. 
Beausa Ryder, who was second 
to Jazetasat Doncaster, is sore 
to help to make a market Top 
Wing should start at reason- 
able odds. 

Abu Kadra and Joli's Girl, 
second and third, respectively, 
in the Rosebery Stakes, clash 
■again in the Jonnie Mullings 
Memorial Handicap with the 
advantage still just lying with 
Abu. Kadra. 

Following an encouraging 
run in the race won by Will 
George at Doncaster on the 
second day of the season, 
Bindeaves is fancied to win 
the Withentsea Handicap at 
Beverley where John Matthias 
lodes poised to win a couple of 
races for Ian Balding on Make 
Peace (3.1S) and Wide Boy 

Make Peace ran weO enough 
behind Picatrix as a two-year- 
old to suggest that a race like 
the Leconfield Maiden Stakes 
should be there for the taking 
while Wide Boy will be fit 
enough for the Bridlington 
Bay Maiden Stakes following 
a spell of hurdling. 

Further North it should pay 
to follow John O'Neill at 
Kelso on Philly Athletic 
(2.00); Arpal Conquest (2.30) 
and Aguada Beach (4.00). But 
even one so talented as 
O’NeiU may not be able to get 
Norton Cross home in front of 

Qua; Man in foe Oyde Bridge 
Challenge Cop. My selection 
is foe proverbial winner with- 
out a penalty, having won his 
last race at Wetherby and then 
been disqualified. 

Play The Knave, another to 
have featured recently in a 
controversial finish, is taken 
to win foe Bradden Handicap 
Chase at Towcester. 

It was he who was named 



807 043006- 46B8HMO (Cel (J WXteoni M McCotfl 596 R WaratMm 14 

609 M200-2 BflDOE STREET LADY (D) (M «hns)J Boetev 5^5 PMEddwyS 

610 100030- DUaaiammDiB^JDooates4tanio4^4 SCauSMl7 

611 200402- TVROUJSfLan D'AwgtlQr-GolosnwJ) N Vigors 4-OS P Cook I 

614 tax»0 JO«l PA7*a?ra<PSS«)PMWWI»2 ; Thaat 

615 000144- HBJJ3 SUTWAnI |Mr5 L Burraga) J Halt 7-94) — AKmm>(7)2 

616 004000- DEPUTY HEAD {D)(PCa*art)jHQt1 6-94) PMHdR»15 

617 304000- CAMFflTftnmdanrM Ryan 5*-W GSaram13 

BIB 002200- UrWC WAV® |IM)B HMs W0 CBm»P)1 

619 20-1 GOUjpiiasreCTpliK&dgGBMiaigw jwb»s 

620 130034) MMAOLES TARE THE (n(MfsBSkrrar)0Btwar1ll4-8-< —4 

622 011000- EECEE TISE (D) (Mrs P uunsr) J StMAfla 4-7-12 A McGtoo* 7 

4-1 Out* FSght 5-1 Trafwflash. BrKtoo Street Lady. 6-1 Card, 7-1 Uaaou. 6-1 
Tyrone. 10-1 Amaghma 12-1 ChapUns duo. U-1 oners. 

5.0 PAMIANTHE HAMHCAP (3-Y-O: £2,670: 1m 21) (12) 

3 30410-1 SWT TROOPER ®IM»tSwmS®W»8)RJ WMeme KW) RCocMeea 

6 4222-11 9 P RO W STON BOY(0) (G P Kafcnwiy 9-7 Qiy KeOwray (5} 7 


8 000- ROAMMG WEm p* JuOBH) A Ptl 99 SRooseiO 

9 0091- SAMAWOUR RA WH Age KhM R Jonraon Hougtton 9-1 S Caumwi 4 

10 000- PALEW&L'S COMET (G Howari^**) H Hannan 9-1 L Jones (5) 12 

11 7Q&&- AJ^TjlKA) tMatoxn Al Maaoun) M PftCheremna-GoJey 9-1 Pm 

13 001- iuJc2 COMEDY (Mrs W GerMsusw) Q Lhw*s 9-13 PWakkwi2 

19 000- TOM RIM (MCI D Btacfctxiral H Candy GS LRtaMo(7)8 

20 000- GOLDEN OIOPT (G Jonoon) M Vigors 84 SDmh^S 


22 32V22 H.VMGn.TMf (BE)(Rok)vaeUd) N Catt^an 6-3 MLYborani 

100-30 Samanpour. 4-1 Sprewston Boy. 3-2 Blade Comedy. 11-2 Flying Flynn. 7-1 

Swift Trooper, 9-1 CoamcFKgM. 12-1 BoMiMbvga, 16-1 others. 

28 L017CUME4UICE(BWMdingnn)D Chapman 6-11 DMche6ai3 

30 000- OUR AHME(JBoMlao)ECvttr 8-11 _COwyer3 

11-4 Make Raaoa. 3-1 Snapdragon. 7-2 Optimism named. 9-1 Ptanaf Ash. 8-1 
Node Saxon. 10-1 Final Curtan, 12-f often. 

3.45 HORNSEA MERE HANDICAP (ET.569: 1m 2f) (14) 

S 006004) WORT WARRIOR tJ Mason) A Robaon 44-7 — ~ 

7 001236- SEVBISWAUmWWrsG QaWOwOHCcftnyidgB 992 _M 

10 034-0 DBJCATE 0e8tGM U Ro«<ies)J Leon 4-9-12 

11 00000-1 CAVAUB4AVARTG&OE (CBTB»wSrp«a LI 

12 32040-2 REGAL CAPQTRANO (G Ntaynanfi M Piascot 

914000- SOUND QWWCffl 
000-41 APPEALING ■■ 
030041 SKI RUN (Pj 
omo- 32 LcaraYBui 

A Robson 4^7 — 2 

Davuson) H Com^idge 5*2 - M Rfaamer io 

Mlas)JU<gn 4-6-12 — — GCanardQl 

■ (Canto Carpets LU) P WighBni 

♦9-11 HCanataRS 

Usynanfl M Piascott 4-8-10 G MMd 11 

Mw WmrfJEfterraton 49-10 M Wood 9 

/ Goouscw! W SetaWv 4-8-7 RGeast4 

ropson) GBUn *9-f M Birch 3 

PYfcham H4W Jlowe i3 

rp» McGee) MBntBtaSG4 XDMayB 

M>)RHoBnshaad4-93 RUppd(7)12 

(R wood) Un G Rewley 5-7-12 — MFry 7 

j nQ - |rfttqy 

21 200000- THE CRVWGGAME (P Bared) B Morgan!?- ii — 'BCrossMy 14 

24 000-041 UTTLE NEWMQTtM (M Pound) N BycroS 5-7-10 ASfcoi4b3)6 

5-2 Fjeosl Capmrano, 3-1 ChrMmas HoW. 7-2 SM Run. 6-1 Appealing. 9-1 Lovefy 
Butterfly. i0-1 CevaDeravantgaidB. 12-1 often 

4.15 BRIDLINGTON BAY MAIDEN STAKES (£1,412: 2m) (17) 

2 000009- BATON MATCH tComrounfclata L)0 M Chatsnan 99-9 SH 

3 30*000- BU*FCflNE 

4 0U CASHED f - 


B 000430- DEEKAY8 

10 2222)00 FA ~ 

17 000020- SMACK (Mrs P BuBer)HH 
19 043230- WIDE BOY Oirt PorJawar^ 

21 9- EYTOM WLAOY (F B«Xioesi| 

22 0003- HASMABnaHiMd 

23 000380- PtisreCT DOUC^M 

25 mood SCOTTISH Rl I I (I 1)1 M 

26 VBJPRE(R Benpah) Mr» J HW«H 99-6 

«es , 4 7 

G OuffWd 9 

MkftOfa 12 


Marti Wtad (7) 16 

27 020290 HOT 

I 300000- TMROME OF 
3 100020- WORKADAY 

J «* Ae«RAi ft 

5-194 ) 

.4-104) — 



[H Britain 3-94 
(B mBTBf) W C Bsey 96-1 
■gaged at TewceaMr (29) - 

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11-4 Wide Buy, 3-1 Chrimo. 11-2 Smack, 9-1 WMtm^aRi Vale. 10-1 Hot Rutar, 
12-1 Maid Mariner. 14r1 VeOndra. 19-1 often 

l j£3 r 1 J 4,45 FILEY MAIDEN AUCTION STAKES (2-y-« £824: 51) (20) 

17 00Q004 Hswrsveim«£(»»« 6 . 1 m 9-1 wmator. 

« toidama. ™ ^ **”* 

10-1 Rwaoe wrear. «- 1 

TAP TOE BATON (Mmb J Kastort 
STAGE (M Chandhr) K Bmm 85 

U Tompkins 6-11. 

W Madds 9-2... 

2 TSDougaiffliBaWims^ — ■ 

8 ■ ■ «M 

is ■^■SB^4 S&Ms-5SC 

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, QDitnwa 18 

. PAtOfltTfCBHtertflBiaHTftolMsrM 

0 BOOTHAM LAD (J Sykes) M BritBVl 7-1S 

CUL FOB TAYLOR rTafer of Sawn ud) o La* 7-13 

nVE SDKS CLaelWfWe 7-13 — 

0 MWEEH UO MsaenLaUMBriBBSt 7-13__ — 

0 WJYAL TREATY rR QoroersM) N THder 7.13— 

4 THATOI AVON u Hammcnd) A Snft 7-13 ~ — 


0 Ramey 7-13 . 
STnaarf-iS — 

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— KDartayU 

— 16 

. N Cooaoriee 20 

.- J Laws 12 




1 s Asa*B)C inner 7-13 — 

2B 4 SiOCATS AKXnONJW Brown) A Sax* 7-10— Panic* (7) 5 

30 GOOD 807 BAILEY'S (G R Ba^ey LM)G 8fem 7-10 AMacttylB 

31 48 KACCY8S4NYJJ CnU» K SWwMO l Gatol 

32 PROCESS SMOl tHSpmT Barron 7-10 M Rjr 15 

33 o P1KS) WELL (^ODdrprno Ratjraj M w Easiarty 7-10 — - GCmar®2 

34 0 TAWNY IHT (^y WafnrtJA (Sowar 7-iQ R Horae (7)17 

7-2 Thatch Awn. 4-1 Tap The Sawn. S-T Broon’s Ad«on. 6-1 WoB j RywheaL 8- 

1 Sooftan Lad. IO-1 Stage, i S-1 Maddjibsnqr, 14-1 When 

— A Sbeod* (5) 11 

M Weed 19 

P Burk* (7) 5 

Attack*? 16 



Peter Easterby’s Norton Cross, who will be hard pressed to 
beat Quay Man at Kelso this afternoon. 

Quay Man in foe Oyde Bridge What cannot be disputed is 
Challenge Cop. My selection the feel that Play The Knave 

ran well enough against one so 
consistent as Castle Warden to 
suggest foal this should be his 
consolation prize. 

Mrs Moss foal 

Lord and Lady Tavistock’s 
award-winning broodmare. Mrs 
Moss, produced her twelfth foal, 
a filly by High Line, at the 
Bloomsbury Stud. Woburn on 

foe immediate winner of a Wednesday. Mrs Moss, aged 17, 
similar race ai Hereford on wilj now visit the Newinarket- 
Easter Monday only to be bascd stallion- Top Ville. Her 

relegated and placed second . KjS* 

,n i„7„ .u- Precocious and Pushy, winner 

40 minutes later when foe of lhe Q ucen Mary Stakes, who 
judge, who has since resigned has a coll foal by Raise A Cup, 
as a result, realised that his Gwydion’s sire, and wbo has 
first interpretation of foe been tested in foal to Seattle 
photofinish print was wrong. Slew. 

3.30 LABURNAM STAKES (3-Y-O: £3£0& 1m) (5) 

402 1- CRCMWBJ. PARK (GMfc)M Ryan M PMtaml 

404 168- BADARBAK (HHAga Khan) H JoMwon Hougiwn 99 SCbu0mr3 

4QS 2- ESDALE (FnJ(KAfiouia)J Tree 6-fl PBtEddwyf 

409 601- GOVERHOR 1S4ERAL [R RKhsids) L Cettraf 99 RCodnaa2 

412 143- MSNAS(FSa«nv9P Goto 9-9..- TOasS 

7-4 Eadato. 92 Bad t rttok.4-1 CramwoA Park. Manas. 9-1 Gowmor QanaraL. 

44) MAGNOLIA STAKES (3-Y-O: £2^72 :1m 3f 30yd) (10) : ” 

501 12S- G0R6ffiCX«STWKE^AL»WOn)CNateJn94__-___ IjMM 

502 .0O-J-LOMRU«IRaTiqUTariyiCHogian94 PotEddtoyl 

503 001- MOREQOC BOdXjtAK Banef) R Boas 94 ; : MMMarS 

504 4 SONG ANDAMCE MAN (M McCouri)M McCovt 9-4 RtiMtomT 

506 MM COMMON ACCORD IS ftkMti)JSURAK*9-ir L.HC«fnn*3' 

509 00004) EASTERN PLAYBt OMArfiain) D Long 8-11 Ctoaw(5)7 

510 0- GREAT TOPIC U AnttraoraO PracnaoGOnlon 9-11 WRwi2 


512 RUSSUN LOOC {t^Al (SheAh Mohairmd) G Harwood 9-11 . QStorinyt 

513 c 204- TOfWADA<FSalMn)P Cote 8-11 : TQtonl 

5-2 Royal Logie. 100-30 Longghurat. .93 King's Crusade. 9-1 Torwadda. 

Gorgeous Sink*. 10-1 Nortofit Sonata, 14-1 oftara. - 

A30 SYRINGA HANDICAP (£2,712 St) (17) 

601 021-000 CKAPUNS CLUB (USAXIR (P Savtt D Chapman 9-1M — 1i 

602 200000- KELLY'S ROYALE (Mra J Tsraold) C Natoon 4-8-12 JRMdlO 

604 010094 1RAMSFLASM(D){D RoftE Bftn 7-9-10 GKkn(7)12 

605 120011- MATOU (D) T PWGPrttohafUGordon 9-9-10 WRyiioll 

606 400004- AL AHEAD (D) (HAHAaksxmi) CBensaad 6-9-7 BRmm9 

607 049006- AieGMWO^g (J WWaonl « MeCorat 996 Rtitonftaail* 

609 0(200-2 HRD8E STREET LADY (D) (M <Mlans)J Boatoy 59-5 PMEddwyS 

610 100039- DUCK FUSKTmOiaadoi4jDoudas4lonie44M SC»u*wo17 

611 2004Q2- TYROUJEfLaftf OA»wJQr-GolCB>»*d) N Vnpca 4-93 P Cook I 

614 10003-0 «MlPATttarra(PBowes)PMMM^2 : Th^S 

615 000144- H0LLO SUTSMOiE JMrs L Burraga) J Halt 7-943 — AHayM>(7)2 

616 004000- DEPUTY HEAD{D){PCalBid) JHOIt 990 MMatt 

617 304009 CAMF fT Ramsdw) M R*an 5-9-H) GSarae»l3 


Eddery on 
top after 

Pat Eddery, fancied by many 
pandits io displace Sieve 
Cauthen as champion jockey 
this season, swept to the top of 
the table with a 1 1 1 *6-1 treble oo 
Owl Castle. Corn Street and 
Single at Chepstow yesterday. 

Eddery’s three winners, all for 
different stables, put him on the 
11 mark but he was beaten on 
the two honest favourites of the 
day, the Jeremy Tree-trained 
pair, Tondeia and Donna's 

Coro Street, always travelling 
wetL took command entering 
the final furlong of the Mercury' 
Handicap to win cleverly. 
Eddery told Bosley dm the 
eight-year-okl was only canter- 

Wigbttnan, over the years 
one of the cleverest trainers of 
handicappere in the game, now 
only trams about a score of 
horses just for his friends. He 
showed that he has not lost his 
touch by saddling Single to boh 
five lengths dear of the 
favourite, Lemelasor, in the St 
Leonard Handicap. 

The Uph2m trainer, who 
volunteered that he has had his 
“maximum’' on Single, con- 
firmed that Derek Kent, cur- 
rently in Hong Kong, has been 
inquiring about buying his yard. 

Michael Jarvis, who saddled 
Gesedeh to win the last race at 
Salisbury very easily on 
Wednesday, produced another 
promising second-season filly at 
when Native Habitat cruised 
home by eight lengths from S S 
Santo in the first division of the 
St Arvans Maiden Stakes. 

Tondeia tried to make aD the 
running, but began to fade fully 
half a mile from home and 
trailed in Iasi- 

Native Habitat was a 1,000 
Guineas entry but Jarvis took 
her out at the last acceptance 
stage. He said: “I think she’s 
quite good, but not good enough 
for that She stays well, and 
doesn't mind the soft.” 

Jarvis will not have any 
Guineas runners as most of his 
three-year-olds want further. 
Picea will go fora maiden at the 
meeting instead of the 2,000 

• Peaty Sandy, giving chunks of 
weight away to his seven oppo- 
nents, landed his ninth New- 
castle victory with an easy 
success in the Magpie Handicap 
Chase. He now makes his first 
appearance in the William Hill 
Scottish National at Ayr on 
Saturday week. 




Goingr heavy 

2-0 AB THORPE NOVICE HURDLE (D» I: £849: 2m) 
(18 runners) 

- 1 0341 HOW NOW (C-D) Urs J Plt'ran 5-11-10 - . M Roman 

2 IMP SJUZAMO(DlPNw*4-llJ MBuwd 

3 Fp B»FWC*M AIRE n Cunts 5-11-0 ..... _ ..RMcOui 
3 C DANJSm PAUPER Nrwnaanion 5-1 1-0 S Smtti Eedaa 

10 04/0 DtC*‘E'8EA9UHncnHt«6-1M). NOM-ftUNNER 
13 0 FRESHMAN GLWWiams 6-11-0 . MrBD0Mng(7) 

■« HIGH DEB ATE M HwenWa 5-11-0 PBaimn 

16 0 J UST AQ Ilu TED J Manon 5-li-C . R Dmwoody 

15 NETTIE TtSBOOZERCjames 6-11-0 MMsGAimytaga 

23 00-0 SwYWOOD R Asehurw Hm D Smith 

24 On SIGNALMAN O Sherwood 6-1 1-0 SSMrmd 

25 FP TRU0VS LOVE e Camaogt. 6-11-0. . RHafteMP) 


■ The Lam bourn trainer Oliver 
Sherwood was fined £250 by the 
Jockey Gub yesterday after 
•being reported to racing’s 
governing authority by a fellow 

The incidenl was sparked off 
when Give Cox. Sherwood’s 
young jockey . was booked to 
partner two horses in the same 
hurdle race at Lingfield in 
December following a mix-up. 
The horses were trained by 
Colin Williams and Gavin 
Prilchard-Gordon. As Cox is 
still a conditional jockey, Sher- 
wood is responsible for his 
riding arrangements. 

After a brief inquiry yes- 
terday, Sherwood said: “I was 
reported to lhe Disciplinary 
Comjxnfl&c by Colin Williams. I 
accept it is my responsibility to 
avoid misunderstandings like 
this, but you can understand Mr 
Williams is not exactly my best 
friend at the moment.’* 

The West Country amateur 
jockey Polly Curling was 
banned for 28 days.10 take effect 
from today, by the Jockey Gub 
for forging a signature. It is 
believed to be the stiffest 
punishment banded out to a 
woman jockey at Portman 
Square. Miss Curling, who has 
ndden with success under Rules 
and in pomt-io- points, admitted 
to the Disciplinary Committee 
chat she misled the Stewards by 
forging a trainer’s signature 
when submitting an application 
for an amateur rider’s permit for 
the 1985-86 season. . 

Birtley Boy 
looks value 

By Brian Bed 

After his recent win at Carlisle. 
Coulters Candy is likely to start 
favourite for the Horse and 
Hound Buccleuch Hunters 
Chase at Kelso this afternoon. 

The seven -year-old has also 
won bis only point-to-point race 
this season beating Flying Ex- 
press and Drummond Lass, 
runners here today, at the 
Eglinton meeting a fortnight 

Better each-way value, how- 
ever, may be Birtley Boy, in 
receipt of 51b. who. after be atin g 
Winning Brief at Corbridge in 
the fastest lime of the day just 
failed to give him 7tb next tune 
out in a 3m 5f race at the 
Tynedale meeting 

Course specialists 


TRAMBtS; J Tree. 8 wmart tram 35 
rumors. 22.9%: F Durr. 5 Item 26, 19.2*; 
P Cote. 14 from 85. 16.5%. 

JOCKEYS: G Starkey. 22 wmn from 
105 ririn. 206V S Cauften. 25 from 134. 
,20.25V T Qurm. 7 tram 39. 17.9V 


TRADERS: C Thornton. 15 wkmers Inn 
58 runners. 25.9V I BaUfrw. 5 from 30. 
16.7V. C amtan. 10 from SI. i£3V. 
JOCKEYS: A Murray. 7 winners (ram 18 
ridee. 3&9V N Day. 7 (ram 31. 228V J 
Bleasriato. 13 tram 73. 17.8%. 


TRABetS: E Rcteon. 8 wmnera from 2« 
rumare. 313V A ScoB. 21 from 79. 
26.6V Denys Smftti. 13 tram 70. 18.8V 
JOCKEYS: 6 Braftav. 12 wmem tram 53 
rifles. 228V R ESimsnaw, 7 tram 41. 
17.1VTG Dun, 19 tram 119. 16%. 


TRAINERS: J DHL 14 wrtWB from 82 

nwnets. i7.iv R Annyaga, io tram es, 
14.7V N Henderson. 11 tram 75. 14 7%. 
JOCKEYS: K Mooney. I0wmnerstram34 
ndos. 294V- B Why. B Wm 42. 19V P 
Double. 7 tram 39. 178V 

Blinkered first time 

BEVERLEY: 2.15 Abftto TTw Soft. 2d5 
i Gold Duchess, 3 IS Noota Saxon. 4.15 
D6M»ya, Mvd Manner. 445 Tewny Pipit 

28 003 PAL 1X9 JUC RRpdfrve 5-10-9 — - CCray 

29 0 K ESS IE -BEE a Cnem&efta«> 5-10-9 .. A Chafneenan 

33 ppn KHARAB SSI jntoaev 5-199 Rftekn 

33 (HI VK6ROV LASS Mrs JBarraw 5-10-9 A Sharpe 

38 0 MASTEIU-V S MMor 4-lW - C Chart#* Jonaa 

*e 30 MUOBtARtNERCBJK Morgen 4-I8S — 

• Mato Manner atoo engaged aiBeveriay <4.15) 

5-2 Scnetnan. 7 -2 How tow. 4-1 Rfi me Jug. o-1 
Masie»*y B-i Snnifwood. 10-1 S»z«no. 14-1 Damsr* Pauper 

Towcester selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 High Debate. 2 30 Hiz. 3.0 Play The Knave. 

3.30 Aniki. 4.0 Ronalds Carole. 4.30 Pukka 
Major. 5.0 Opening Bars. 

£1.024: 2m 50yd) (11) 

1 010F JtMWY BOY P Butler 7-11-8 — 

2 0142 WOODLAND GENERATOR P Pntcnard 7-11-B DCMan 


6 FOOD C1MA J OtO B-11-0 — . P Scudamore 

12 F0U2 HIZ I8F1 1 Ducqeon 8-11-0 . P Barton 

13 0/ JANES PAL CWus 12-11-0 . Mi T Gresham 

21 3FPF TURKANA T Casey 5-11-0 .. .. RDunwoedy 

23 090 LISTED 4RRI6A (8) K Wngrove 11-11-0. . Mr L Lay (o 

25 OOUO GOLDEN MEDINA P Batty 6-198 — 8 Ptmel 

27 OPFO mzziE LIZZIE J Bostoy B-108 M Beatoy <41 

M 00-3 TAM'S LAST C Gram-Kra 7-199 

30 0000 YOLMG JILL Un H Do*san 7-199- .. - . J SuBmm 

2-1 H«. 100-30 Cona. 4-t Tam’s Last. 6-i Wooftana 
Gensraior. 8-1 Jimmy Boy. 10-1 Goman Medms. 14-1 omers. 

3.00 BRADDEN HANDICAP CHASE (£1.932: 3m 
130yd) (11) 

3 001 P VE.ESO (C-D1 J Kmq Ml -7 — S Sraift Ectoas 

i 30FP LATE NIGHT EXTRA (B) X Batty 1911-3 — BPcwetf 
5 4P03 FLAXBi TINA (C-D) J VttODar 8-11-2 A Weep 

7 2082 PLAY THE KNAVE P Batty 9-11-0. — . MHamnu'M’ 

9 0030 SKEGBY O Brennan 12-1911 M Brennan 

0 0030 SKEGBY O Brennan 12-1911 

10 1131 BROWN VEIL RArmynge 11-19-11 

<71 __ 

iG Amytaga 

[ > -* • Nt 

k-.’i : ~T. . > *-.r : , 

6 980 FLAG OF TRUCE senwan 6-1 18 . . . K Mooney 

9 0PP0 JOCKSCRJ WWW 5-11-0 - A Sw-aB 

13 00 *aStWSnOCanARORAi«nyiag4 5ll6 ■ «*o«to 

15 O- PRINCE moon GBauwm 9118 - 6 Ratoy' 

17 FBF ROUNOGREV T Casay 5-11-0 - .. « IXamoooy 

19 000 TENESAinT C SaunaarS^tl-O — J Saramem <7) 

72 TBREWATCH R Aftnyiape6-H8. IP M Aituyuga TO 

2b POOO DU* OK2JUS I B<a» /- HM .. . C&»> 

27 OP- IMPERIAL ROSE fi Cures 7- 10-8 R 

30 003 MSS CANWBAL R Pugn 5199 J 

33 B2DF Anr« m wwsw J lO-8 ..... S SoiRh Coen* 

34 BOS WORTH SAT o Mar»s 4 108 0 Bro-*« 

37 FIFTH ATIEHRTP Fecaip «- 198 . . — S Amnarm 

39 mu king's JESTER IB) P wuenaTO 4-108 ... Dcnmn(7i 

44 COO HAM HILL C Brennan 4-10-3 - M Brennan 

iu Bird O' Swm. 7-2 Anrn 51 Mass Canmaal. 9 1 FlagOi 
Trace. i‘J-1 n co sons Dosnyara 12-1 ANtoan. i«-l TimewaK" 
16-1 otnure. 

(£1.024: 2m St 26yd) (16) 

6 3311 RONatOS CAROLE (C) R Af"mraoa 5-1I -? - B Powafl 
12 MP ORCmk bat iBkBF) m»% j Pitman 9.1O-1O. Bda Haan 

15 D-00 UNDBl-RATED (B) Mrs A Aoptoyata 9198 PRlcharda 
17 23 U PENNYWASTE G Roe 19190 . MrCLuntadenrO 

IS 003P SONNY MAY G Huooara 19190 R Fanny (7) 

22 &-PP MOtflCTON RILL P Oufoeee 7-198 . ROunwoody 

27 -333 ONLY FOR U0VE (B) 0 N«notaon 7-198 P Scatoamom 
51 Play The Knave. 7-2 Brawn VeU. *-1 Only For Love. 6*1 
Flaxen Tina. 8-1 Veieso. 191 Line Night Extra. 12-1 others. 

2m) (18) 

f 0 ALEOAN 4 Turner 5-118 Stove Kmghr 

3 000 BBtD OF SPIRIT MScuosnwre 5-118 — PSeudamort 

Going: good 

(£680: 2m) (18) 

1 0100 STARSHOT (0) 0 G Swxmetnasl 

T1-l1-l2MrDSwindWi u rat(7) 

4 4FPP CUCKHAM LAO (BKC-O) N Chamtwnaai 

8-11-6A Stringer 

5 -OOP CONICCTOR (BXC-D) D Yeomen 7-11-4 P A Farretf (4) 

6 -020 Al£X CHOICE Mrs MBavan 7-1 1-2 — 

7 048 BRILLIANT FELLOW (C-D) P Momeitn 9-1 i-i . □ Nolan 

8 00F0 HALF SHAFT (USA) W A Steonenson 5-118 . .. R Lut 

9 4400 STAR EVENT JParftoS S-1 18 Mr A Orkney (7( 

11 0222 SON OF HANAOOJWaoa 91910 J 0 'Gorntan 

12 01 B0 PHILLY A'namCJRKerfflewel 4-108 J J CNett 

13 33PP CHATTY CHEZ J fl Katitowel 5-10-6 ... -SKeUewal 

14 0000 MERCHANT FRUfTERER (8) R W Jeffrey 91(M P Tudt 

15 P-P0 BAVAL(FR)D Yeoman 9-1 93 CHeetaM 

16 0Q0B ROYABER Mrs G flevaey 1910-2 — P Ntven (4) 

IB 002 SMOKETS SON M*sG Rees 7-191... MrPDamto(4) 

19 009 HERONMLL R M MMakar 9191 BStomy 


21 000B WESTWARD TALBOT BWJelfiev 9108. J Brough (7) 

23 4002 NEGRESCO |B)GG Morgan 9190 KRy«(7) 

IW Son of Usnaao. 4-1 Nearaso o. 91 Star Snot. Bnuiam 
Fellow. 7-i Star Event. 91 Smokey sSon. 12-1 Halt Shan. 191 

Kelso selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Philly Athletic. 2.30 Arpal Conquest. 3.0 Half 
Asleep:-3.30 Coulters Candy. 4.0 Aguada Beach. 

4.30 Quay Man. 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.0 Rule Of The Sea. 

2.30 SPfiiNGWOOD NOVICE CHASE (£934: 2m 61) 

2 3203 ARPAL CONOUESTR ABan 7-1>8 JJOVtoW 

4 0PP3 BEAU N'IOOl E H flooson 7-118 Mr T Read 

5 J44P BEAVERBOY G W Ricnaras 9118 N DougTWy 

7 UF33 Ft« STEEL ®)B McLean 9118 REamahaw 

10PPF0 IHPAGE R Roornson B-1 18 .. — - 

11 PFPP KERaGE N Chamoeriain 9118 Mr A Orimey (7) 

14 0203 HR SPOT R Siwrs9M8 Mr R Swts (7] 

15 0200 WUCK1EW0GE R Noon 9118 PA Fa. rail (4) 

16 MU2 PaRAGLO W N Sansw 9118 MrCSampto 

17 0043 SHOOLER PRINCE r Watson 91 18 B Storey 

X 0000 TASAR M A Siepnenscn 9)95 RLamb 

2-1 Arpal Conquest 91 Snooter Prince. 92 Mr Spot 7-1 
Beavarboy, 91 Paramo. 191 Fine Steel. 14-1 others. 


(£2,250: 2m 4f) (12) 

1 0204 HALF ASLEEP (D)WCE)sey 91 1-10 - P AFaireB|4) 

2 1140 RULE OF THE SEA (USAHC) A Scon £-11-10 P Tut* 

3 1100 SONNY ONE SHINE (CJR Allan 5-1 18 — JJ Chert 

14 NBF jOVtoAMOWC wwtj»9i 97 A Cano* 

16 -OOF BftVMA B PaUmo 9194 . A GnfWr.* 

10 OBFP JUBILEE v4)MTS PPniehanJ 9'92 .. ..OOwwtrj 
21 0-PP COMMOw~v(0SA)C A Bea91(M) ... . G MeCourr 
24 0010 PLASh lO-HB) G 3«ar«9iu8 .. P Oumi (7| 

32 3F*F OUEENSwa » BOV uess A «-nq f 108 C E.ara (?) 

34 OOOU ANNAGHOL^w PBunet S-1O8 . ... MAiteemiTi 

35 lUOF jOmn w nvnaaon 7 'AS . SJOX4 

3E PDFS GRAfTON hj.isev J Bow* 7 19tl to Boston i4| 

39 2/F0 DUSKt-s SP*i* wis A *«nevBio r 190 .. p Rum-io 

40 -400 HOPEFUl CHitof S J SCtoenng 7 10-0 RDto»m 

41 PWP SALT-HOUSE C 9-190 - ... — 

43 0PFP SCALOAAA M S>-o.lhmc»a9<90 J Bryan 

44 8000 HIGH LAND CHATTER T Bu^n 7-108 ..... W awwi 
198 Ronald s Caraia. 92 OcrwJ Bey. 91 Plash. 91 

jymano, 8-1 Graiton Maisey. KM Ouaensway Boy. 14-1 
others - — 

£1.024: 2m 50yd) (10) 

3 4234 PUCKA MAJOR (USA) OSnerwood 9H-1 S Sherwood 

4 FP ANOTHER KELLY J (ttetx>e< 7-118 G McCouit 

5 IMF BOWQEN I Duoneon 9118 — R Chapman 

7 PflPF CAHRAMORE OUTLAW J Cosgrene 7-118 N BaWaga 

9 3302 DUHAUOW BOY T Casey 9ti8 E Buctoey (7) 

10 800 EXCLUSWE FOX (USAlMissP Morns 9-1)8 C Smrth 

11 IRW4 GOINGO IBF) P L Brown 7-1 1 8 j9wm[1) 

16 0P2F MAfTREDEE R Govr 7-118 — - PComganp) 

IB 000 NO SCORE R Parser 7-118 . . .. P Ricnami 

35 OOFU SHARED EXPERIENCE G3akang> 197 — P Oettr 

7-4 Puttie Maior. 92 OuiaHtm Boy 4-i Gcw-jo. i9» 
Exclusive Fox. 12-1 Botoden. 1«-1 Martraclw. 20 1 otneis. 

2m) (16) 

1 2103 OPENING BARS (D) D Ouqmon 911-11 . .. . P Double 

2 42,P HaYaaaZE (D) G l WAams 7-11-5. MrBDottmg|7) 

4 1024 BIGS (D)J Sayers 51 1-2. - - C Brown 

5 0401 THE NUB (D) W H8au 7-1 1-2 (7ex) . Mr P Duggan 

6 04PP AMBIANHlLL(FA)JCosgrBve7-|!8. TPmtwtofT) 

8 B01B SAEEYOUAROUNO(C8)0 Brennan 9 *98 MBratawii 

9 FP40 MASTER VINCE (D) M TompMU 9197 .... R Burita (4) 

12 5-PP XARS(D)Jttd1frJ94 . A Webb 

13 0004 WOODLAND VIEW P J Jones 7-193 - C Umn 

15 0000 mi FOR OAuanOKmoettlay 910-1 P Corrigan (7) 

19 310B HARVEST 0) O O Ne* 9190 ... - W toanptwisf (T) 

20 080 BUCXMM8TER BOY (BXD)WWhanDn 9198... . SJ 


21 2P2P DEEP COACH (D)DGanflolfo 7-108. P Barton 

24 6300 BLUE SPARKIE J 0*0 5(90 PSwtoww 

26 09P TOLL OF LOVE (C-OJ Mrs A Lea 9198 ... S SrHDy IT) 

25 090 SM0WFLAXE(C-D) H Jaoaon 9198 ... N Greaves (7) 
10930 The Nub. 4-1 Bigea. 51 Opening Bars. 13-2 

SeevouaraunO. 91 Woodianfl view. 12-1 rtm For Goto. Deep 
Coacn. 191 others. 

7 13-P TKKE SHINERS (CMD)CPaiVer 191 1-3 NR LHutfaon 

8 092 EMPRESS JEANME (C-D) L Fotter 9118 — 

to 4210 IL CASTAGNO (C)DH Hodgson 911-1 .. -_... T G Dun 

12 1100 BALLVARRY(CKD)W A Supnenson 4-1913... R Lamb 

13 -OOF FRENCH LORO (D)GWFbcnarfls 91912 . .NDooghty 

16 0000 TABRIZ GOLD (C-OJ J H Jonrtson 7-196 — 

17 231- UNGUARDED ID) F S Storey 910-3 BStoray 

19 0002 SLAVE KING (Dl J S Wrtvon 7-198 SChaitton 

21 OOF OAKEN Denys Srnft 5-190 C Grant 

4-1 Row of The Sea. 5-i Sonny One Shine. 6-1 Empress 
Jeanne. 7-1 Hail AsieeD. 91 BaNyarry. French Lord. 10-1 Slave 
King. Oaken. 12-1 others. 

CHASE (amatuers: £1.081: 3m) (15) 

1 -321 COULTERS CANDY fp) 0 McGana 

7-12-5 BC ia e Antf ui (7) 

2 0P-P BEN LAWYERS PHGotoe 7-128 S Love f7) 

3 P2QJ BIRTLEY BOY j l Gleason 19128 PCraflj* 

6 3/ FLYNG EXPRESS A Caifler 9128 _ IMtt 0 CaJtJor m 

7 9R4 ICE MLL Miss 5 Wilson 19128 .. PDmto (4) 

9 OOP- LAURENCETOWN A H Ramos 7-128 — 

10 3-20 LIGHT DBTON(B)G W Renards 9128.— JQwn(7) 
12 0P-F MISTER BENSON J G Bradbume 

7- 128 J Bnadbume (7) 

14 802 PANEGYRIST C J Alexander 1 1-128— A Dttogecn (4) 

15 SECRET BHAE H Barclay 9128 ..... K Artoeraen (7) 

16 009 SWAFFHAM S J Leadbemr 9128- - SSMata{7) 

17 P/UP SHEET FRANK M'S PCoOhson 11-128... — 

16 TWiUGHT EXPRESS Mrs D Thomson n-128 J Walton 

19 309 WELLH1LLWG Forsw 11-128 T Reed 

20 OP- DRUMMOND LASS A MOW 11-1 1-9 A Crow (7) 

1 18 Coulters Can/*. 3-1 Light Demon. 5-1 PanegyoSL 3-1 

Drummond Lass. 91 WettuH. if - 1 ice H*. 191 others. 

4.00 BOWMONT NOVICE HURDLE (4>yo: £685: 
2ni) (13) '« 

1 2421 AGU>CA BEACH fBNGR M H EastWby 11-4 JJO>*a4l 

6 ANOTHER DOLLAR A CBawy 1912— Mr JOtolin (7) 

8 040 BtRAS CREEK J S m son 19T2 . ..... C Om* 

S 2000 CHANCE WA MILLION 0 R Hoogson 1912 . B Stony 

10 3200 CROWN ESTATE (USA) P Calver 1912 — . . G Bradtoy 

12 00 DOUBTLESS C J AiBicanM 1912 MrADugeon 

16 0 LANDMG OFFICER F Watson 1912 — 

16 OF MAJOR ROUGE J I Cnamon 1912 REamahw 

19 0 MaRTIAN BABY S J L aadberor 1912- — 

21 003 QUEENS MAN JFWes 1912 Mr A Orkney (7) 

22 0000 RiNGttORE J Partes 1912 Pttvan(4) 

23 000 TARTAN tsmulHAWK G W Rchards 1912 ... PTuck 

26 SUPER SAGA FTVYanon 197 G Harter (4) 

1-2 Aquada Beacn. a-1 Biras Creek. 91 Queens Man. 191 
Crown Estate. 14- 1 otners. 

2m 196yd) (5) 

2 3314 NORTON CROSS |BF| M H EasurOy 9118 ... A Brown 

42P4D QUAY MAN (BhC-D)JS Wilson 1M08 C Gram 

5 1242 NOPE 0FOAK(C-0)(BF) J iChanton 

19108R Eamakaw 

7 3200 9IRSRY (Bj R McDonald 12-198 AStonger 

9 40F4 TU7MLE JIM T W CunrNngham 

7-i08Mr S Cuantoghm (7) 
7-4 Honor Cross. 3-1 Hops O! Oak. 7-2 Quay M an. 5-1 
TumDle Jim. 91 B«tsoy. 

Brighton results 

Going: good ta soft. 

20(6f)1.REXM BEAU IP Waldron. 2-1): 2. 
Body (J MU. T-4 ta» i 3. Toflr** Ale (A 
Wetss. 12-1). ALSO RAN: 7 Porftmeor 

® , 192 Dalsaan Bay. 12 Bow Archer. 

la Tima |5th). 14 Loaftamer. 16 Hello 
BM. 20 Ltogr's Sar (8ft). ST Speedy. ® 
Ugntnaig Byte. Balnnaw. 13 ran. 1AL X 
tSL nkl. 27,1. G Lew* at Epsom. Tote: 
£2.70; £210. £1.10, £2.10. OF: £230. 
CSF; £7. 13. 

230 (im 2R 1. THATCWNGLV (R Carter. 
29D: 2. Royal Halo p Mose. 3-1 fav): 3 
Private Arxfitten (J Carter. 191). ALSO 
RAN: 4 Sank Parade (4th). 7 Blaze of Tara. 
8 The Heights, Kaia Nashan. 9 BoW 
Connection (bft). 12 Bacftagha. Kd*- 
maraaro Bob. 14 Ok) Matron. Para* Dub, 
Praps. 20 Courageous Charger. 
Magrufka (BthL 25 Stanjyn. PuJsmre. W 
CJoga Gunn. Etoonaw Boy. HoBow Oak. 
Pea Vetoro. Rosanna oS Tefllcua. 22 ran. 
nk. 31. SI. 3i. 1SI. M Bolton al East 
Ghnstead Ton €76 M: [U.90. £3.10. 
£2.70. OF: C13B 09 CSF: £1 17.10. 

30(7f) 1. GOLD LOFT (G Cartor. 4-1 1 2. 
HH The Henna (S Cauthen. 92); 3. 

3^5 (5f) 1. CORN STREET Pal Eddery. 
91): 2. Reretoe (T 9e». 13-2 k 3. Bay 
Presto (S Whitworth. 20-1). ALSO RAN: 
100-30 lav Pnnce Sky (4tnj. 4 Vorvaoos. 
12 Crete Cargo. Pawley's Girt (6th). 14 
Deny River. Ouarryttle (5ft). Robrob. 16 
Posiorane. 20 Maramstar. Braropam 
Graoe.Brodon. 14 ran. SI. 1^1,31. M.3I J 
Bosley at Bamoton. Tote: £550; £1.70. 
Cl 80. £5.80. OF: £10.60. CSF: £3746. 
Tncast £54534. 

Paul Eddery. 6-21 2. Ftonang Dancer |W 
Carson, 91): 3. Donne* bream (Pat 
Eddery. 11-10 lav). ALSO RAN: 5 Count- 
less Countess (SthV 33 Tudor D Or J4iti). 
Longnver Lady 6 raa *1. nk.10L2t.30i. G 
Wragg 31 Newmarket- Tote: £3.70: £2 -30. 
£1.69 DF: £5.80. CSF: £1429. 

445 (7f) 1 . SINGLE (Pai Eddery. 4-1 ): z 
Lemetasor (D J VMfaams. 118 lavi: a 
Artistic C h a mpi on (Paul Eddery, 91). 
ALSO RAN: 13-2 Mel’S Choice (6m 1. 192 
Chaise Longue, 10 Rest And Welcome. 
Talk Of Glory. 12 Mister Prelude. 16 


Classic Capwrano (M Wrgfwjt. 7-2 Myt 
4. Nidotc (Dale Gibson. 391). ALSO 

4. Nicamc (Dale Gibson. 391). ALSO 
RAN: 6 iWtoto Lady (Sth). 192 Major s 
Review. lOTon Duchesne. Brocow Lad. 
Chartsma Music. 14 Roberts Girl. Thai 
Say. 16 Canoaules (6tti), Clever Angto. 
Lean Sireak. O G Boy 25 Be«jr Oe Thwto. 
33L Elo4eduPzlai5. 17 ran CI.2SI.HI. 7I. 
II PMlilftea at Epsom Tote £4.40: £1.68. 
£1 SO. £1.60. £450 DF- £2510. CSf: 
£26.00. TRICAST: £7394 No M to 

Rutter. 191): 2. Below Zara (R Cochrane. 

Rutter. 19 - 
5-4 tavj: 2. 

Love P Unes. 11- 

2V. ALSO RAN: 3 Baroque (5 ft). 4 
Dogmatic (4ft). 5 ran. W..8. M.1VC 
Braam « Newmartet Tore: £11.4ft 
£230. £130 DF: Ell 00. CSF. £22.60 
44) (1m 4f) 1. DHOFAR (S CtoWs. 927. 2. 
Detroit Sara (J Real 14-11:3, Longstop (T 
WAams. 7-T|. ALSO RAM t T-4 jMavs. Hr 

1%L ft. W Wigtitman at Upnam. Tote: 
£330: £1.50. £1.90. £3 79 DF: £8.10. 
CSF: £17.55. Tncast £6539 
Ptecepot E64.10. 


Goins: soli 

ZO (2m 120yd hfte) READY TOKEN IP 
T U* 2-1. ftort Z ftbtora 0* Bhw (M 
Hammond. 927 3. Owen Herbert (G 
Harter, 91). AlSO RAM 7-2 Fencmvcn 
Colony (401). 12 Candy Cone <$ft). 20 
Traveuo (Sfti. 25 Ritas Love. 50 isto d 
Halt. Kerflem uxiL 9 ran. NR: Huanne. 8. 
12L 7). 9. 121 A Srmft at Bevertey. Tcne. 
£230: £1 30. £1.40. £2.10. DF: £5.10. 
CSF: £1026. 

230 (3m cn) 1. RANDOMLY (M Meagher. 
1 1-8); i Aidesee (M Hammond. 94 Iav7 

Pntchara-Gcvtton a? Newmarket. Tom. 
£5.1 D. £1.60. £3.40. £130. DF: £2130 
CSF: £57.49. 

430 (5f) 1. STRIKE RATE (A McGKme. 7- 
4 Y. 2. Ctazeaaa (M Wuham. 4-1 7 3. 
Sandhurst (P Cook. 118 rev) ALSO. 92 
Take A Han (4th7 20 Rlbo Be Good (5ft) 5 
Ran. HI. IN. IM. W. R Hannon « 
Martoorough. Tow £239. £130. £1 20. 
DP £2.70. CSP £9-24 Alter a stewards ' 
mqusy the result remained uneKerad. 
Pte ce pot: 0905 

3, Sifting Bann (Mr P Johnson. 91). 
ALSO RAN: 33 Must Fly (t). indan Retreat 
<0 . 50 Man cas Bar {«. Seal Moon OM. 7 
ran. NR: Titoamanne. Dan d'Or. 1 Kl. dtst. 
C Bell at Casttolord. Tots: £2.10. £120. 
£1.40. DF. £130. CSF: £3D6. 


Going: solt 

2.15 (im 21) 1. NATIVE HABITAT IT 
hes. 92t 2. S S Santo (M Rarnier . 7-2): 3. 
Mrs Scstweaah (G Baxter. 11-2) ALSO 
RAN: 5-4 lav Tondeia. 12 Celtic Dove 

K ). 5 ran. BL 10L sh hd, 8) M Jarvis at 
imartat. Tote: £5.00. £3-80; £280. DF: 
£980. CSF: £17.71. 

24S (51) 1 . NELBtimr LAD (W Carson. 
94*; 2. Arapto (S Whirwonn. 94 lav): 3. 
Sherp t iavea {K Dartey. 6-11 ALSO RAN S 
Damond FWn [5m). 14 Double Tam (Ami 
SwbMw Bay. 16 Tez Srtkan (5th), 25 
Bnj6hl0rtL Clearway. Setter Country. 10 
ran.Nft:Mao*m»f%jra.3i.4i.2'*j. 5i. v.C 
HW at Barnstaple. Tote: £2.60. £1.10, 
£1.10. £2.00. DF: E430 CSF: £8 72. 

A 15 Urn M 1. OWL CASTLE (Pat 
EddMy 11-4): 2. Fred 9m (A Mackay. 5-2 
tav^ 3 Meum SteaehtoSon (S Whitworth. 
91). ALSO RAN: 1 00-30 NoOte H*(4tn), 9 
HockhoH Princess. 12 Fan Ana FngnCry 
(5th). 14 Grcweoce (6ft). 7 ran. NR- H« 
Ruler, a, 31 sh hd. 21. 25L M Usher at 
Lamoourn. Tote: £950: £lJ0. £1-90. DP 
£2,40. CSF: EBLSI. 

3.0 (2m 120vd hdtol 1. WARWICK SUITE 
(M Hammond. 100-30L 2, The Blacfc Sack 
(A Brawn, 6-4 tavt 3. Bodaatraa (Mr J 
Oumn, 14-1) ALSO RAN: 5 Babsted ISttiL 
9 Yellow Bear 1 6m). WeU fttonned. 16 
Rovigo iwi). Wortny Krugm. 20 FencaHna. 
50 KMrty Supremo, Old King Cole. Home 
Front (pu). 12 ran. 101 61. iS. 15L ia M 
Naugnton at Richmond. Tote: £5.00: 
n30. £1.10. £520. DF: £3.10. CSF: 

3J0 (3m ch) f. PEATY SANDY (Mr A 
Dudgeon. 11-10 favl: 2, Caaa KHpe (J J 
0'Ne*.92). 3. SBeai VaNey (G Manm. 12- 
11 ALSO RAN. 6 Cool Magic (puL 10 
WBowbixn (5ft), Grinders (4th). 16 Prince 
Santiago (6tfiL 20 Stesner Bran. NR. Uatfl 
Renclunan. a. y.L 5L dtot. 61. Mtss H 
Ham non at Innerteiman. Tote: £2.10: 
£150. £110. £1.90. DF: CS 10. CSF: 

A0 Rm 120 W cm 1. DOVER (J J O'Nofl, 
92t 2. tflgh Drop (B Storey. 92X 3. 
Gowan House {R Lamb. 198 tev). ALSO 
RAN: 11-Z Another Half (pu). 33 Lodrer 
Bng (5lh). 50 Mane Gabriele 14ft). 6 raa 
121. 29. 51 nk. M H Easnrtiy al Great 
Haaon. Tate: £2Mr. £2.00. €1.70. DF: 
£930. CSF: £1196. 

4J0 (2m 41 rase) 1, SECRET WALK (D 
CPfWA 7-2 fl-tev); 2. IWi* Mac (N 
Dougray. 12-1): 3. Rotnon Pvn* p 
Eamsnaw. 92). ALSO RAN: 7-2 Ji-la* 
Jack Of CtoOS (5th). Barron Jitous (4ft). B 

^ (“i 12 Gra, S»w 1PM)- 

7 ran. 3L IO. I2L 2L 20L W A Snpnenson 
al Bsnop Auckland. Too: EZ9D: £2.10, 
£1.80. DP caSO CSF; £3557 
Ptecepot £7555 

Going: sort, chase cowse; good to 
sotL hurdts 

2J0 l2m 74 yd ch) 1, Snap Tft (S 
Johnson. 7-2): 2. Tom Brack (3-1 jl-fevj; 3. 
Tunteton (3-1 p-tav).1 1 ran. 51. 71. J Harm. 
T«e- £520. £1.80. £150. £1.70. DF: 
£7 40. CSF: £1371 Tncast £3036. 

3.0 (2m 41 hdlB) 1. Shagayte (M 
Bremen. 7-2 tev): 2. Nlrmai Hnday (6-1 ): 3. 
Ducnew « Connaut (91V 15 ran. II. 2M. 
C J Bett. Tots; £10.90; £2.30. E5.B0. £4.60. 
DF: £24 5a CSF: £29.73. Tricast £128.75. 
Attar a stewards inqury and an ofaecnon 
by the second to the wntnar result stands. 

330 (3m 110yd ch) 1. Soterea u a 
H ams. 96 lav): Z. hloira Chevai (10-1): 3. 
KiMaar Kkn(11-1vM. 2L11 ran. J Berry. 
Tore: £2.00: £1.40. £2.10, £730. DF: 
£5 30. CSF: £1 1 43 Tncast ESI .66. 

48 (2m htfle) 1. London Leader (D J 
BurclWIL 12-fc Z Dwk '£' Bear (10-17. 3. 
Four For Une» (9 1 V My Son My Son 3-1 
fav. 31 2SI. 16 ran. D Burche#. Tore: 
£1280: £3.50, Cl SO. £lStt DF: £211.70 
CSF: £129.34 

430 (3m 1 10 yd ch) 1. Bridgetown GUI 
IG McCourt. 6-4 lavi 2. Arreastac Wizard 
|l4-lj:3.StargazBp9lLl2L61 13ran.J 
Webber. Tote S2W. £1 30. £2.70. £12.70. 
DF: £1050. CSF: £2132. 

5.0 (2m hdte) 1. D ea dly Going (W 
Wbrtnmgion. 138 tavj: Z Mighty steel 
(14-1); 3. Chia Me. <25- 11 hd. v.-r 19 ran. K 
Bridgwater. Tote: £3.40; £1.50. £130. 
£4 50. £3.70. DF: £31.70. CSF: £24.64. 
Tncast £387.7 2. 

530 (3m 1 10 yd ch) 1 . Swdt Messenger 
(G WKtarns. 94 lav); 2. Rukotso (10930): 
3. Camp Dimphy (33-i)30L 41 13 ran D 
wmam. Tote: 030: Ei-BO. £ 1.90 . £4.50 
OF: £490. CSF. £9.84. 

63 (2m hdtol 1. Empire Way [P Dever. 
391). 2. Brundean Breeze 191): 3. CaDral 
(2-1 d-favj Hooey Say 2-1 #i-fav. 7). 51. 14 
ran. W Charles. Tote: &S.50-. £6.10. 
£2.10. £180. DF- £92.10. CSF: £292.06 
Ptecepot: £10380 

■ -m 



Wilander comes back 
from the brink 
to overcome Kriek 

Mats Wilander, the top 
seed, two sets down and 
trailing 5-3 in the third set. 
fought back to heal Johan 
Kriek in the quarter-finals of 
the $500,000 World Champi- 
onship of Tennis finals on 
Wednesday night in Dallas. In 
a match lasting three horns, 
Wilander, the world No. 3 
pulled through to win 3-6, 4-6, 
7-6. 6-3. 6-2. 

With defeat staring him in 
the face. Wilander refused to 
panic and stuck to his strategy. 
It worked. “I didn’t try to do 
anything different at the end 
of the third set." he said. “I felt 
I was out of it and had lost the 
match. I just kept on playing.” 

With that in mind Wilander 
felt that Kriek. who had not 
beaten him in five attempts, 
probably felt the pressure 
more. Leading 5-3 in the third 
set, the American at first 
showed no nerves as he wrig- 
gled free from a 13-40 deficit 
with an ace and a service 
winner. But two points away 
from winning the match, be 
netted a forehand and a 
relatively .easy, forehand 

That was the let-off 
Wilander needed and he grad- 
ually took control, relying on 
strong serves and 
groundstrokes. Over the final 
two sets, the Swede never 
trailed. He took a 4-2 lead in 
the fourth set with a service 
break and broke Kriek's serve 
again in the first game of the 
final set. 

In his last nine service 

games. Wilander had to save 
just one break-poinL He had 
three love service games, and 
today faces the the winner of 
the match between his fellow 
countrymen. Anders Janyd 
and Joakim Nystrom, the 
fourth seed. 

In first-round matches, Paul 
Annacone, of the United 
States, won a four-set encoun- 
ter with Miloslav Mecir. of 
Czechoslovakia- Jarryd ad- 
vanced after Thierry Tulasne, 
of France, was forced to retire 
through injury. The French- 
man was trailing 6-3. 4-0 when 
an injury to his right shoulder 
put paid to his challenge. 

Annacone overcame a sore 
back to survive a 6-7, 6-2, 6-3, 
7-6 battle for his second career 
victory over Mecir. "I don’t 
know what happened, but in 
the middle of the fourth set I 
went to serve and felt some- 
thing in the left side of my 

Sapsford the survivor 

Danny Sapsford survived a 
scare before reaching the quar- 
ter-finals of the Prucfential Brit- 
ish junior hard court champ- 
ionships at- Wimbledon 
yesterday. Sapsford. aged 1 7, the 
top seed, from Weybndge, came 
through 6-0. 4-6, 6-4 against 
Daniet-AhL of Exeter, in a tough 

Sapsford looked to have the 
match won when be raced to a 5- 
2 lead in the final set, but AM, 
aged 16. came back spiritedly 
and had a point to level at 5-5. 
only to see a running forehand 
pass go lanializingJy out of 
court. That was his last chance. 

and a relieved Sapsford served 
for the match. 

The third seed, Mark Petchey, 
of Essex, and the fourth seed, 
Colin Beecher, of Kent, both 
took their quarter-final places 
with ease. 


AM. 60. 4-6. 6-4; M 
Petchey M N Mansell. . . 

bt M Loosemore. 54, 6-1 ; V Hanson M C 
Brown 6-3. 6-0; D JOrit bt D Coin. B-3, 5-7. 
6-2; C Wfidnaon M A Rsher. 3-8, 7-6. 6-Z 
GMr C Wood bt M Naviede, B-2. 6-1: S 
Godman bt K Hand. 6-0. 6-3; J Reeves btL 
Nimmo, 6-2. 6-1. Quarter-finds: Reeves 
H Lake, 7-5, 6-1: SmdfTbt Hare. 6-1. 6-2 
Godman M Lo os emore, 3-6, 7-5. 7-5; 
Timms bt Wood. 4-6, 6-3, 64 


Changing role for counties 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

The much-disparaged county The role of the constituent is tfc 
championship, sponsored by bodies came under scrutiny at mer 
Thom EMI. reaches its final at the London division's 75lh- coil 
T wickenham tomorrow when anniversary seminar. Arthur diri 
Warwickshire play Kent. Street, vice-president of Surrey, tual 
Administrators are constantly told the seminar “We must be the 1 

being told that their champion- 
ship is dead, in terms of the 
practical advancement of En- 
glish rugby: whereas, if the truth 
be known, its value continues to 
be immense, but at a different 

The presidents of Berkshire. 
Buckinghamshire. Oxfordshire 
and Dorset and Wiltshire may 
have been pleased, after the 
qualifying rounds of ihis- 
season's championship had 
. been played, to receive a letter- 
from Chalky White, the Rugby 
Football Union's technical 
administrator for the South and 
South-West: “I am certain”, Mr 
White wrote, “that some un- 
qualified and unsubstantiated 
statements have been made, and 
some outright lies have been 
spread, about the present format 
of the county championship. 

T saw no shortage of 
endeavour, interest in and sup- 
port for the actual playing of 
county games by the players, 
coaches and committee men 
concerned. I visited three clubs 
where the county games were 
.played and saw that they had 
accepted the honour ami the 
responsibility of staging a 
county game in a way that 
brings them great credit 

“I also know that county 
bodies are deeply involved with 
the game as a whole and not 
solely with the county team.” 
White's view was confirmed by 
the ability displayed when a 
representative XV from 
Dorset/Wilts, Berkshire and 
Buckinghamshire lost 14-9 to 
Devon at Bournemouth 

The role of the constituent 
bodies came under scrutiny at 
the London division's 75th 
anniversary seminar. Arthur 
Street, vice-president of Surrey, 
told the seminar “We must be 
able to teach the skills to all boys 
who wish to play the game or 
face the fact that standards of 
play will continue to deteriorate. 

“Frankly the alternative to 
clubs undertaking the job of 
setting up teaching centres is. in 
many minds, the way to rugby 
becoming a dimunitive sport.” 

Further reinforcement, if any 
were necessary, came at ihat 
lime -from Dudley Wood. . 
Surrey's representative on the 
RFU committee but soon to 
become the union's new sec- 
retary. “I am a great believer in 
counlies in terms of the admin- 
istration of the game but we 
have to recognize that the role of 
the county body is changing”, he 

“We have become possessed 
by the possibility of winning a 
county championship to the 
exclusion of the true role, which 

EKa *11." ww wiiiimum w* ncni whom mow i 

ability displayed when a J KSgLi 

resentative XV from A ° 

set/WiJu, Berkshire and J| 

kingha rash ire lost 14-9 to s- vnmnD Humy, p McRm (Asfci 

on at Bournemouth White: unhappy at lies R c 

Wales lack experience overseas 

By Gerald Davies 

Ask any top player what is the 
greatest satisfaction he derives - 
from rugby, apart from actually 
playing, and he will say that it is 
the opportunity to travel. The 
player who has done his share of 
globe-trotting will add that it 
enhances his awareness of what 
is required during intense com- 
petition away from the almost 
incestuous cosy closeness of the 
five nations' championship. Da- 
vid Pickering and Jonathan 
Davies vouched as much when 
they returned recently after 
playing in the Sydney sevens 
competition. It was different 
and it is important to experience 
that difference. Neither had 
crossed the equator before to 
play rugby. They will do so 
again next month when Wales 
wifi visit the South Sea islands 
of Fiji. Tonga and Samoa. 

Although this may not appear 
to be as severe a test as that 
which France will experience 
when they visit Argentina. “New 
Zealand and Australia in -the . 

close season, the trip is essential 
The- game against Fiji on their 
own patch, it must be added, is 
not the foregone conclusion it 
might at first appear, as those 
who went there with the Web* 
team in 1969 win testify. For an 
hour or so that was a close-run 

Last year's announcement of 
the World Cup in 1987 has 
caught Wales on the hop in that 
the tour has hurriedly been 
stitched together after the Lions’ 
tour to South Africa had col- 
lapsed. Without the trip most of 
the players would would not 
have knwon what it was like to 
play in the southern hemisphere 
and that would have been no 
preparation at all for next year's 
competition. Wales have sadly 
lacked overseas tours. 

The Wales B team have been 
to California and Spain in the 
last few years, but the last major 
tour was to Australia in 1978. 
Before that there were visits to 
Canada -and Japan in 1973 and 


1975 respectively. In 1969, more 
testingly, they went to New 
Zealand, Australia and Fiji. For 
the present trip it is good that 
Glen Webbe, the highest try 
scorer in Welsh rugby with 30, 
and who has been consistently 
high in such ratings for the past 
few years, gets his due recog- 
nition on the wing. A little 
naive, or perhaps surprised even 
at the belated representative 
recognition, he seems to have 
turned down a Barbarian 
invitiation to play on their 
Easter tour. It is good, too. that 
Buchanan and Stuart Evans are 
included. These two props could 
strengthen their claims for 

Both Norster and Richard 
Moriarty are included after 
missing the international season 
because of suspension. The 
latter after having had a suspen- 
sion imposed for each of the last 
two seasons must see this tour as 
a time when be can restore a 
better image. 

W J. .. i 1 


1^ 6.1 



1e * ☆ * 

lower back,” Annacone said. 

The nagging pains loosened 
his concentration, and a 5-2 
lead in the fourth set began to 
disappear. Mecir, trailing 
love-40, saved three match 
points, then staved off another 
match point before levelling 
the set at 5-5. 

In the tiebreaker, a fifth set 
looked to be imminent when 
Mecir took a 5-3 lead. But 
Annacone won the next point 
with a service winner, made it 
5-5 with a backhand volley 
and went ahead 6-5 when 
Mecir missed a forehand. The 
Czech delayed defeat on the 
fifth match point, but an ace 
gave Annacone his sixth 
match point and Mecir vol- 
leyed into the net, 

FIRST ROUND: P Annacone (US) bt 
M Medr (Cz), 6-7.6-a6-3.7-6; A 
Janyd (Swe) bt T TUasne (Frt, 6-3. 
Wilander (Swe) bt J Kriek (US), 3- 
6.4-6,7-6. 6-3, 6-2. 

• v 

Watson: back In contention for the trip to Mexico 

Watson moves to 
head of queue 

is the promotion and encourage- 
ment of rugby throughout the 
county. The introduction of the 
divisional championship ac- 
tually takes away from counties 
the burden of having to produce 
players for England. 

“We in the counties are now 
at a slightly lower level, trying to 
identify the people who have a 
prospect of playing at a higher 
level. Moreover schools are not 
going to teach the game for us 
any more, apart from in the 
private sector, so what are we 
doing about it? The counties 
have to pick this up.” 

Many counties now provide 
rugby, for cobs, under-21, under- 
23 and senior r epre se ntative 
sides and their schools' unions 
for a progression of age group 
teams. Bui the educational pro- 
cess begins much earlier than 
that, better organized clubs 
providing rugby not only for the 
nine-a-side game (mini rugby) 
but also the subsequent gap 
before colts rugby. 

It is not stretching a point too 
far to suggest that, for both club 
and county, the most important 
team after the first XV is the 
colts. That is the age when basic 
skills are finally confirmed and 
if bad habits have not been 
eradicated by then, the chances 
are they will be carried through 
• Kent, who will play in their 
first county championship title 
for 59 years when they run out 
against Warwickshire at Twick- 
enham tomorrow, have selected 
the side that beat Gloucester- 
shire 16-3 in the semi-finals a 
month ago. 

KENT (Bfecfcteam unless stated): G 
Walters; J Raid (Askaans). L Coke*, R 
Bodanbaro leapt), 0 Oaborae (HossJyn 
Park); N Cotyer. C Raad (Plymouth 
AldonlE PEnsnNgfc R Howe, K Rutter. 0 
Vaughan. D Hmey, P McRae (Askeans). 
M SUoner (Hariequns). R Chavai 

Three days, never mind a 
week, is a long time in football 
Last Saturday the international 
aspirations of Dave Watson, the 
Norwich City centre back, were 
as flat as the East Anglian 
landscape. Now they are as high 
as Mexico itself. Suddenly Wat- 
son has emerged as the most 
likely partner for Butcher in the 
England defence for the match 
against Scotland at Wembley on 
April 23 - their final rehearsal 
before the World Cup. 

Injury has accounted for the 
uafommaic Wright and now 
suspension and club duty look 
like ruling out Fenwick and 
Martin, respectively, all appar- 
ently ahead of Watson in the 
Mexico pecking order. It is a 
great opportunity for Watson to 
press his claim for a place not 
only on the plane to Mexico but 
in the first XI of Bobby Robson. 
The England manager’s visit to 
Norwicb on Wednesday was 
surely more than coincidental 

Fenwick's chance to play 
against Scotland probably dis- 
appeared when a booking in 
Tuesday's league game at 
Hillsborough took him past 41 
disciplinary points. He faces a 
two-match suspension which 
would also rule him out of a 
Milk Cup final replay. Since the 
suspension of Bryan Robson, 
the England captain, the FA 

By Clive White 

have decreed that players under 
league suspension should not be 
available for internationals. 

Bobby Robson, who was in 
London yesterday to promote a 
campaign aimed at improving 
England's image at home and 
abroad, said he had no sym- 
pathy for players who fall foul of 
the new edict. “Maybe it's the 
only way they're going to learn. 
There win be no messing around 
in Mexico. I want total 
discipline.” He added: “The 
game has taken several knocks 
and we're trying to set the right 
example.” Such thinking is in 
step with the campaign, entitled 
“Friends of Football”, which 
encourages people from aD 
walks oflife to do some good for 
the game. 

Robson must wish that the 
Football League could be more 
ofa friend to him. League games 
two days before the inter- 
national at Wembley will pre- 
vent him from fielding the side 
be wants - to start in Mexico. 
Martin, Beardsley and Barnes 
are affected and it is unlikely 
Robson win ask them to per- 
form again so soon after dub 
duty. “It is typical of our 
football that we ask a team to 
play 10 games in 30 days to win 
the league title,” Robson re- 
marked with reference to West 
Ham’s plight. 


after fine 

From Jenny MacArfhnr, 

Jeff MeVean, of Australia. on 

the German bred FurstZ,wasm 
the lead at the end of the first leg 
of the three-part Volvo World 
Cop final here fast night- Mal- 
colm Pyrab, of Britain, was lying 
a dose second after a superb 
round on Towerlands 

pyrah said afterwards that the 
course was probably the biggest 
be had seen at this stage of the 
competition: “Two years ago 

when it was smaller I went at the 

same sp ee d and finished 25th.” 
The only other dear round span 
from MeVean and Pyrah came 
from ian Millar, of Canada, cm 

Big Ben, who is lying third, and 
lisa Taroopol from the United 
States, on Adam. 

With Nick Skelton cm Raffles 
St James lying fifth (they had the 
fifth fence down), and John 
Whitaker on Next Hopscotch 
tying sixth, these three British 
riders are well placed as the 
competition moves into today’s 
second leg. a one round com- 
petition with a jump-offi 
Yesterday's class was a speed 

one . . 

The twisting course was de- 
scribed by Miliar as confusing as 
it taxed the horses’ concentra- 
tion and offered several alter- 
native approaches to the fences, 

putting a premium on experi- 
ence. John Whitaker, co mpe tin g 
in his eighth final, made foil use 
of bis. Completely unruffled by 
having the first fence down, he 
and Next Hopscotch went on to 
negotiate the rest of the difficult 
course faultlessly. 

His younger brother, Michael 
has not yet found top form here 
with Next Warren Point. They 
had the last two fences down 
but, lying in nineteenth place, 
are still m contention. 

RESULTS: Hnt connattkae 1 , Rmt 2. J 
MeVean (Aus) 73.1 Ssec 2. Towertands 


ptadDOK 5. Raffias St Janes (N SkeUoni 


Bullets on target 
for first trophy 

By Nicholas Harfing 

Brady is dropped 

Liam Brady has been left out 
of the Republic of Ireland squad 
for the first time since he made 
his international debut more 
than 10 years ago. Brady’s name 
was missing when manager Jack 
Chariton announced his 1 8-man 
party for the match against 
Uruguay at Lansdowne Road on 

Oxford United's Welsh inter- 
nationals Jeremy Charles and 
Neil Slaner could miss the Milk 
Cup final against Queen's Park 
Rangers at Wembley on April 20 
and Wales's international 
against Uruguay at Wrexham 
the following day. Charles has 
what is tboufd>t to be a pelvic 
injury, while Slaner has ham , 
string trouble. 

Bourn (Cette). S OHeM (Dundafc), J 
Andereoa (MewrwHa United). C Hughton 
(Tottenham Hotspur), J Bo^r (Uvetpoqfc 
D Piety (Areaneli M McCarter (Mil 


Neman (Htfi CM N & 

United), R Janu (Oueerts 
am). J Ctarias (Oxford United). X 
Ratcftfta (Evwtan), P Van dm Ham 
(Everton). K J mJmrt (Watford). S 
Town). 0 

Btacfcswm (Manchester United! 
jUwpcc^ M Hugbm_(itenchester 


j. J Byrne (Queen: 
O’Cafeqttan (Ports 
(Tottenham Hotspur). 

Runaway success 

Non-League football by Paul Newman 


Graham AKdot, the manager 
of Kidderminster Harriers, has 
one regret about his side's 
extraordinary ran of success this 
season. “If it had started a 
month earlier there's no know- 
ing what we coaid have 
achieved,” he said. 

In mid-December Kidder- 
minster, who are celebrating 
their centenary this year, were 
lying jest above the Gola League' 
relegation zone. Since then they 
have scored SO goals in winning 
14 and draw in g two of their 16 
league games and have climbed 
to second place in the table. 

Only the substantial lead that 
Enfield have established — they 
are six points dear with a game 
in hand — seems likely to de- 
prive Kidderminster of the 
championship. “In any other 
season we would surely have 
been top by now, bat Enfield's 
consistency has been terrific," 
A liner said. 

Kidderminster have also en- 
joyed great success in cap 
competitions. In the Welsh 
Cop — they are the only English 
non-Leagne dub playing in the 
competition — they have 
knocked out Shrewsbury Town, 
Newport County and Swansea 
Gty. In the first leg of their 
semi-final oa Monday, they woo 
4-1 at borne to Hereford United 
in front of a crowd of 2^48. 

They are through to the final 

of the Worcestershire Senior 
Cop and the qvarter-finals of the 
M & B Cup, a floodlit com- 
petition for leading non-League 
dubs in the Midlands- The only 
disappointment this year was 
defeat against Rncorn in the 
FA Trophy. 

The most remarkable feature 
of Kiddermaaster's ran has been 
their gonbooring. Since Decem- 
ber they have scored Gve goab 
or more on 10 occasions and in 
all competitions this season 
have hit 178 goab in 65 

The two men primarily 
responsible are Kim Casey, with 
63 goals in 57 appearances, and 
Paul Davies, with 40 in 56. 

The form of the two men, who 
made their debuts together for 

the Fjghmd semi-professional 

team fast month, has been such 
that Kiddennznster were re- 
cently able to sell John Powell 
their leading scorer of the last 
two seasons, to Cheltenham 

• Terry Morphy, the manager 
of Northwich Victoria, has re- 
signed. Mike Pejk, the assistant 
manager, and Bob Scott, a 
senior player, have taken tem- 
porary charge. 

• Peter O'Brien, the ma na g er of 
Staiybridge Celtic, has resigned 
in Older to succeed Peter Wragg 
as manager of Hyde United. 






7701; & Next Hopscotch (J WMsfced 
7851; 19. Warren Point (M WMakar) 
85.46; 27, Raffles Just Malone (H DfcMn- 
son) 93.78. 


High winds 
take toll 

By Nicholas Keith 

High winds blew away the 
chances of Harrow, the holders, 
and Charterhouse, the fav- 
ourites, in the first round of the 
Halford Hewitt Cup at Deal 
yesterday. The appalling con- 
ditions made it -difficult for 
players even to address the ball 

First to go were Charterhouse, 
who found themselves down to 
Shrewsbury in four out of the 
five matches at the turn. This 
was fitting revenge for 
Shrewsbury's defeat in the 1983 
final; and they can take comfort 
from the omen that in 1980, the 
last year-that Charterhouse lost 
in the first round (to ReptonX 
they themselves were 

Harrow took the first two 
matches agains t Sherborne, with 
their top pair, Holland and 
TindalLoutinonly41 strokes to 
win on the 10th green. But 
Sherborne came bade in style to 
take the next three matches and 
cboch the match. 

RRSTROUMfc DMkBfinbwghbtKlng 
Edward's, Btri w ng ha m. 4-1: Anytofai 
Lancing, 3-Z; Shrewsbury 
Charteirnouss. 3W-U4: Sherborne bt 


Top four 
set to 
do battle 

By f*aul Harrison 
England's four leading dubs 
are to contest the first Royal 
Rank play-offs next month. 
Polonia qualify as the league | 
champions. Speedwell Rucanor 
as runners-up. Capital City 
Brixtoa, as third placed dub, 
and Dragonara Leeds, as the 
fourth, are also invited. 

- The playH}£fa wfl) be held in 
Faro boro ugh on tbe weekend of 
May 16-17 and the first match is 
Capital City against SpeedwriL 
Between them Polonia, Speed- 
well and Capital Gty have 

H nminalpd Pngti dl Voftynll in 

recent years and again this 
season have the honours tied-up i 
between them. ■ 

Polonia have already won tbe 
league and Speedwell, the hold- 
ers. meet Capital City in the 
final of the Royal Bank Cup on 
May 1 1 at Crystal Palace. With 

prize-money on offer for the 

first time, aD three have a 
chance to considerably ease the 
firmnriai burden amateur spon 
imposes on Hs participants. 

Capital Gty. ixt particular, 
have the chance to salvage 
something from a difficult sea- 
son — their .first under Sava 
Medonos,- last year’s coacb-of- 
the-year . with the now-defunct 
Team Wiles. Medonos, a Czech 
international who coached the 
Norwegian national side before 
coming to Britain, tightened 
discipline at Capital City and 
increased training, demanding 
seems, were prepared to give. 

By Christmas tbe dub was in 
crisis. “Some of the players did 
not seem to want to play,” Mike 
Warwick, the dub secretary 
said. “Peril aps it was inevitable 
with a strong character like 
Medonos and an extrovert team 
like ours. We have some lads 
with temperament ft’s not bees 
an easy job for M edon o s or an 
easy season.” 

Warwick is confident the 
problems have been aired and 
that the bad patch is behind the 
dubi “It takes a season for the 
coach to get to know the players, 
and a season fin- the players to 
get to know tbe coach. We still 
have a lot to play fin-, and we do 
usually manage to win some- 
thing in a season.” 



to a 


The procedure for ticket safes 
was announced yesterday fbr the 
American football .game., be- 
tween die Super Bowl cham- 
pions, Chicago Bean, and the 
'Dallas Cowboys, which win be 
played at Wembley Stadium on 
Sunday, August 3 (Robert 

Tickets can beordered by post 
through coupons which will 
appear m national newspapers 
this weekend. The coupons will 
also be available' by telephone 
and mad order through the 
Wembley Box Office. Prices win 
be £20 and £15 for seating, and 
£10 and £5 fbr the terraces. 

The National Football League 
pre-season match, which is 
called the American Bowl, is 
sponsored m London by Trans- 
Worid Airlines. American Ex- 
press and Budwtaser. The kick- 
| off wiD beat 6pm. ^ 

1 “The game you see win not be 
what you mink of as an 
exhibition,”’ Tex ~ Sriir«nim L the 
president of Cowboys; said at a 
pre« ebfiftflehfe yesterday. “It 
will be aH out; it has to be or you 
will get killed.” Jerry Vatoia, 
Beam general manager, noted 
that tbe two sides “had a lot of 
fight" inn match las season. 


7.30 unkns stated 


FOUfflH HVHKM: CMt Mmtfn * 
Monstott Town; Stockport County v Port 

Jemjr FA » (* Akterahcq. 


Casttofotov Hun Khgattu Rows. 

v Quisle (7,45). 


BOWLS: Worid Moor pate c h a mpion- 

GOLR Halford Hml& nunemot fat 
Royal Qnffite Portt , Deal wx) Royal SI 

RACKETS; Cetesaon Open donbtae 

BEAL TENNIS: George Vftripew world 
tournament (M Laantogion and Mormon 

MuBtmrt gnmd prlx (N 

SNOOKER: Reason end Hedges Irish 
Masters (at Goffs. Go KUdam). 

TENNIS; Prudential British junior 
riampiotahips (at WMHadonfc LTA 
Western Counties BMW tournament (M 

wSfftNQ: MUtoufl grand ptix (N 

! 1 1 I i- i I 

i m=mm 


F7T M .H i hi . yj 




SEJ&o toco iBkg rwi 

As Birmingham BtffittS .re- *Sn £ 



rmiirstthree months a®) to Birmingham, with only three 



'waled so little io Birmingham an Edinburgh recovcjy. li mi 
out Yet ftwas then, with his side .haaifog on 
h^rea^opa^y attendance at 79-74. that CohjW 

Gateshead onWednesday night Birmingham* 
that Birmingham’s two Amen- ha pfavws down 
cans. Butch Hays and Tyrone out. after which i 
Shoulders, made significant more doubt about the eventual 

contributions to the 87-4S3 tri- winners. ^thougbNMfcH^ 
“u nuor Mnnuv inns was fouled cut- before the 

txmph in the final oyer Murray ^ 


the EBBA to continue, Benue career on a high gote. helpug fo 
Gallagher, the Birmingham bring the first trophy to Bn> 
director, said. One of the carrots mingham sincere tranrause of 
was that the winners of the the Mtofands dub was trans- 
M asters would be invited to fenred from Coventry five years 
play in a televised tournament ago- » 

if British champions before the »»*{««** ►*** 2 s. shot**™ 22 . 
start of next season, and EOM8 uROH:Fogpn33.Swwa(ti4,^id 
Birmingham hope to stage that ia. 

* Joel Hall, of Ponaiporah. 

and Sharp Manchester United, dropped mil .of the . Ewgmd 
Birmingham's victims m the team to play indie qualifying 
£t£aersL round of the Eur opean 

Against MIM, who had com- efiampionshi ps in Copenhagen, 
pleied tbe Scottish doobte with- onApnl 23 to 27, because betas 
out losing a game. Birmingham an arm injury. His ^acc is taken 
showed their intentions from by Andy innen. of Kingston. 



2*** lQl AAOLaon 

?-»■ 7pa 906. Serif 



Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Jane Henderson 
and Peter Davalle 

BBC 1 

6-00 C*efax 

6£0 BrwfcfBstTfm* with Frank 
Bough and Debbie 
Greenwood, news at 7.00. 
7-30* 8.00, a30 and 9 lO(L 
Weather arCSS. 

7i55, &25 and 8 J» 5 . Local 
■nm, weather and travel 


. Sport at 7^0 and 820. 
Today's papers at 8JT. 
gardening 01 - 8 U 1066 
arid Steve Blacknefl with . 
pop neats and gossip. 

' Gynn Christian «wth 
™ shopping advice. 

920 Ceetax 

1030 Play Sc 

! and toads witfi 
• wats. 

1030 News After Noon with 
Frances Coverdale and 
Moira Stuart 

12.55 Regional News and 

1-00 Pebble MS at tee Wayne 
Sleep e the guest talking 
.about hts role as MC in the 
new production of 
Cabaret, w ith 

Virata Hotgate preparing 
. forme Badminton Horse 
' Trials. Eduardo Niebta and 
. Pintonlo-Porcione play 
guitars in the foyer. 

1-45 Gran Gran’s on pones a 

1.50 Stop-Go! Also a 

3J» Regional News 

&5S The Amazing Adventures 
■ of Morph. Animation with 
Tony Hart, (r) 

4JXI. Lay pn Five: the subject of 
today's programme is hat 
' and now to change it 

4.15 The K wtefcy Koakt Show. 
The talented Koala and Ms 
friends Dirty Dawg and 
Crazy Claws. 

445 FVm: Black Island f1978). 
Made by the Children’s 
Film Foundation. Michael 
and Joe on a desert 
island, but perhaps not 
qiate alone, run into 
exhilarating adventures. 

545 The FBntatonesAt the 
masquerade ball, where 
Fred mistakes a few 
identities. -- 

640 Six 0*Cfock News with 
Sue Lawley and Nicholas 
Witched fotiovmd by 

545 Regional News Megadoe 

740 Wogen with an East End 
. 'Theme: scriptwriter of 
eastfikters Peter Batt 
jetted eel purveyor and 
- explorer Bid Grant who 
has been after th8 Yeti, 
music from the Fine Young 
Cannibals. When your man 
goes on holiday next week 
. Sue Lawley ana Kenneth 
WWiams take over? tonight 
theyget an tnkfing. 

745 I've Got a Secret but not 
for long with Jan Leeming, 
Derek Jameson, Anneka 
Rice and Barry Cryer 
wtieecttng it out 

8.10 Dynasty Blake is rushed 
to hosprtBl m a critical 
. condition and Krystfe - 
- breaks out of Delta Bho . 
with a little heipfrom • 
Sammy Jo (Ceefax). 

940 Nina O'clock News with - 

John Humpbrys and 
Andrew Harvey 

940 Wynne and Penkovsky 
Episode two of tins real- 
fife dramatisation shows 

Wynne's plans to spring 
penkovsky (Ceetax) (0- 

045 Omntous Tribute to the 
late Huw Weldon by his 
friends, inducting David 
Attenborough, Ken 
RusseB. Hugh Casson, 
Patrick Garland. Sir Huw 
Weldon launched the 
seminal arts programme 
Monitor, and Jaw become 
Controller and then 
Managing Director of BBC 

1 (45 F»n: WlC. Fields sod Me 
(1976) Rod Steiger plays a 
film director in 

i's period In slant 
6lms and fatis to convey 
the humour. In the 
Twenties the alcoholic 
Fields left New York. 
turned to HoMywood and 
began makmg movies for 
- Paramount buthis 
drinking presisted. 

1.15 weather. 


6.15 Good Morning Britain with 
Anne Diamond and Nick 
Owen news at 640, 7.00, 
740, 840, 640 and 940. 
Weether 81*49, 648, 
7.28, 848 and 648. Sport 
at 645 and 744. Cartoon 
•' at 744. Janet Jackson's 
new video at 745. Nigel 
D emps ter's gossip column 


945 Thames News headlines 
toftowecl by Natural Roots 
a profile of the musk ox 
which lives In the Arctic 
and has a hide Hte a 

1040 Lithe House on the Prairie 
Anthrax is the fatal 
disease diagnosed at the 
Ingalls home (r). 

11.00 The Prizewinne r s Psm 

about Rudyard KpUng, the 
author of The Jungle Book 
and Ktar. he was awarded 
the Nobel Prize for 

Literature. Ian Holm plays 
Kipling, one of the best 
paid authors of Ms time. 

1140 About Britain examines 
the life of a cathedral 
chorister, pointing out the 
tremendous musical 
experience the train ing 
gives and showing the 
hard work that goes into 
making a young singer. 
Benny follows two joggers 




latnbow Teeth. Bungle 
loses a baby tooth; 
Geoffrey reads a story 
about the rescue of a 
rabbit and there's a tooth- 

Kenton Introduces this 
new series with an 
emphasis on health and 
beauty. • 

News at One followed by 
140 Thames News. 

(1 963) British crime (frame 
about lorry thieves, with 
Patrick Cargfll as a potice 




340 University Oiaflsnge 
battle for a place in the 
quarter-finals, Bamber 
Gascoigne arbitrates. 

345 Thames News headOnes 

340 Sons and Daughter* 
Wayne's plots seems to 
be working out. 

440 Rainbow First seen at 

12.105.15 James the Cat 
makes a splash in a 
swtinming lesson. 

445 Emu’s Pink Windmffl 
SHOW wtthRod Hull, 
Freddie Stevens and Cart 
Wayne. ' 

5.15 Connections Sue Robbie 
with the teenage quiz 

5.45 News 

540 The 6 O’Cfock Show 
Michael Aspei and his 
team look at the amusing 
aspects of life in London 

740 Me and My GM Comic 
adventures of Simon 

__i teenaged daughter and 
the disaster-prone 
business partner played 
by Tim Brooke-Taylor (r). 
740 Murder She Wrote Crime 
Writer Jessica, played by 
Angela Lansbury, solves 
- -/another mystery. ■ 

840 Home to Roost A New v 
Life. Henry (played by 
John Thaw), divorced 7 
years ago, has grown 
used to being a loner, but 
eldest son Matthew now 
cranes home'to live with 
him. and comedy ensues 

%ufW te dersehen.Pefc 
Marjorie doesn't Eve here 
any more. The lads are off 
to Newcastle and Oz, the 
total slob, attempts to 
save his marriage and to 
get to know his son. Rod. 
-*- T twelve vear old 


— ;h 

1040 News at Ten 

1040 The London I 

1140 South of Watford The 

design of the Morris Minor 
is wr graved indettky in the 
effective memory as tee 
style of the Fifties: but 
now that she is in genteel 
retirement, she’s become 
an object of cult value. 
Hugh Laurie pays tribute. 

1140 Shoot PooB From the 

Orchard Theatre, Dartford. 
Charles Nolan of Hornsey 
v. Ross Mcfnnes of 

1240 HaweP Five-tt Leopard 
on the Rode. 

140 Night Thoughts 

Sir How Wheidon: a tribute on 
BBC 1, 1045pm 

•When I heard that Huw 
Whekton had died, the day 
suddenly turned grey tor was almost as If someone 
had switched off a light 
somewhere. And with that 
sensation, came the sombre 
thought that the world would now 
be a more eerily silent place, 
too. because that great laughing 
roar of his was gone. 

Wheidon was, to me. both on 
screen and off, one of the 
most elemental men of our 
time .and I am sorry to say 
that the humour and the gusto 
and the Northern Lights of his 
personality are only momentarily 
caught in tonight's Omnibus 
profile. (BBC 1. 10-25>.The focus 
of Alan Yentob's and Leslie 
Megahey's tribute is on art. not 
heart on Wheidon's 
pioneering years as editor and 
presenter of BBC 
Television 's never-bettered arts 

magazine Monitor. \ shall 

flunk of me Ominous him as rust 
an interim portrait Someone" 
must now get to work on a full- 
scale mural, befitting the 
range of his 

achievements. Meanwhile , 
there is much to praise in 
tonight's OmmOus film: the 
reminders of how brilliantly 
Wheidon used simple 
questions to unlock otherwise 
dosed doors (in his 
interview.for instance, with Henry 
Moore), and of how 
stimulatmgfy he would drag 
literary and visual talents out 
of his directors (there are 
gtowmg compliments to his 
mentor from Kan Russel IV 
And, from Melvyn Bragg.the 
closest anyone has got to 
shaping up as Wheidon's 

successor as a popular 
interpreter of the arts.comas 
the recognition of a truth that has 
put many a programme 
maker eternally in Wheidon's 
deoc it was Wheidon wno 
took the arts ngm to the 
aeciston-makmg centre of 
monolithic institutions such as 
tne BBC. 

•Also recommenoed 
tonignt:Artnur Killer's film W.C. 
Fields end Met BBC 1. 

1 1 .25pm)whicn gives Rod 
Stetger a perfect platform on 
wnich to display his considerable 
taient for over-acting and 
impersonation: ana in the Midst 
of Silence (Radio 3. 8.10pm), 
Clare Bonass's sensitive 
readings of works by tne 
officially- silenced Soviet poet 
Inna Ratushmskeya 

Peter Davalle. 

BBC 2 



. to 

Britain. 740 Weekend 

940 Ceefax. 

240 Worid Bowie. Midland 
Bank World indoor Pairs 
Championship. The 
original favourites New 
Zealand meet another 
team in Group One. David 
leke introduces live 

i this afternoon. 
(1982) an 

animated weepie for all the 
family about a real life 
mongrel dog who acts as 

disturbed cWiJISt 3 

745 World Bowls David leke 
Introduces highlights of 
this afternoon’s three 
matches at Bournemouth. 

740 Ebony Juliet Alexander 
previe ws the 

C omm onwealth Institute's 
Caribbean Focus festival, 
which wiR include a 
children's carnival 
competition. Hatcham 
Wood School children 
have beenb preparing for 
the carnival over three 
months. The programme 
takes a look at the school. 
Last in this series. 

840 Moment of Truth Jennie 
and Herbie Watson took 
13 delinquent dogs and 
their ownere for a long 
walk and lessons tit 
obedience in Manchester 
Park (r). 

840 Gardener** Worid from 
Bamsdata. Ray A!( 
from a wheelchair and 
■ assesses new tools to 
help arthritics and others 
whose disabilities make 
nice The 

kttrepkfAnneka Rice sals 
away in a hot air baBoon 
and Stan Boardman goes 
scuba (taring. 

940 One Man end Ks Dog 
. Teenagers show thee 
paces this week with their 
dogs above UHswater. 
Scotland, (refend, Wales 
and Yorkshire are 
represented, with 
commentary by Eric • .• 

10.15 Did You See — ? tudovic 
Kennedy and his team: 

QermameGreer and the - ■ 
producer of 77» fries fe 
R/gnr Bd StewartJim Hfiey 
of The Listener, review 
Every Second Counts. . 
Joan Overs: Cm We 
Talk? and Prospects from 
Channel 4, and there ts a 
report about China Central 
Television and its soap 


11.00 MewsMght followed by 

1145 Worid Bowl* David leke 
reveals the s mHh W sa 
tit each group from 
Bournemouth and shows 




Leslie Kenton, ITV, 1130pm. 


440 Their LofttaMp’a House. 
Last night’s programme of 
raghtignts from tee House 

245 Jazz tit the Afternoon. 
Three Sixties ffens The 
Bobby Hacked Sextet 
(The Modem Bix), Jazz 
The Intimate Art 
(Armstrong. GAespie and 
Brubeck) and Duke 
ESngton's Orchestra 
Including Things Aim 
What They Used to Be' 
and "VIP Boogie'. 

440 Countdown. Paul Kaye 
from Nottinghamshire 
competes in the words 
and numbers game, 
hosted by Richard 
Whrtetey. with Eve Poflard 
behind vie dictionary. 

540 Car 54, Where are You? 
Classic American Comedy 
senes from the Sixties. 
The couple of cops, Toody 
and Muidoon. wreak 
havoc in the lives of their 
bosses, causing ulcers 
and tired and emotional 

540 The Chart Show A brand 
new pop show with 
competitions, aimed at the 
young viewers. 

6.15 Revid Review of videos 
with clips from the best 

640 SoW Sod Archive film 
from the Soul Cetiar plus 
videos, dance tracks and 
acts in the studio. Today: 
Tavares, the Winans, 
Janet Jackson. 

740 Channel Four New* and 
Weather plua an arts 
report and special report 
In the newly extended 

740 Book Choice! 

Andrew, Cambridge 
History lecturer, reviews 
John Le Carte’s recent 
book A Perfect Spy. 

840 What the Paper's Bay 
Mihir Bose of the Financial 
Weekly reviews the 
week's press. 

8.15 ban: A Righteous PubQc 
Tim Hodin reports that 
Iran is now presented as a 
working model for the 
Islamic community 
throughout the world, 

. eschewing its most 
■ extreme revolutionary 
"missionanes'’, but 
remevitng revolutionary in • 
its origins and aims and 
acutely aware of. its 
strategic importance 

940 The Cosby Show Bai 
Cosby as obstetrician 
Huxtabte has trouble with 
daughter Sondra over 
boyfriends; he has a suitor 
in mind, but she has her 
own ideas. 

940 The Great Plant 

Coaectkma Roy Lancaster 
looks at the coOection of 
CameiSas ana Magnokas 
in Caerhays Castle, 
Cornwall. There Is a 40ft 
tall Rhododendron and 
gigantic ferns (t% 

1040 Cheers Comedy tit a 

Boston bar. Diane wants 
to use Sam as a model for 
her psychology study of 
trie Don Juan syrxkoma 

1040 Wei Being Teenagers 
from the Anna Scher 
theatre youth group tafc 
about their attitude to sax 

11.15 FSbe Trite Is Spinal Tap 
(1983) Movie spoof about 
a British rock band on an 
American tour — a cod 
documentary made by 

improvisation with fake 

archive footage 

1240 Closedown. 

C Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF stereo 
variations at end of Redo 4. 

545 Shipping Forecast 640 News 
briefing: Weather 6.10 
Farming 645 Prayer (s) 

640 Today, mcJ 640, 740. 

840 News &4S Business 
News 645. 7.55 Weather 
740. 640 News 745. 

845 Sport 7.45 Thought for 
the Day 845 Yesterday 
in Peitament 840 Your 
Letters 647 Weather: 

940 News 

945 Oesert Wand Discs. 

Michael Partanson talks 
to Arthur Hartey (s) (r) 

9-45 Joyous Days in the 

Desen. Selections from 
the writings o( Janet Ross 
(with Bran Gear and 
Chene Lungni) (r) 

1040 News: international 
Assignment BSC 
correspondents report from 
around me world. 

1040 Mommg Story: Thirsty 
work by Asd Zubairy. 

Read by Sean Barrett 

10.45 Daily Service (new every 
momma, page 82) is) 

11.00 News; Travel: A World of 
The rr Own. Bert Tosh 
presents a programme about 
autistic children and talks 
to me mother of an aunstx; 
child. Janet Burgess (r) 

11-48 Natural Selection. Mike 
Stoddan of Hooart 
University, Tazmania on the 
gum tree. 

1240 News: The Food 
programme. Derek 
Cocker with news of new 
Ideas m the flavour 

1247 Bodgera. Banks and 
Spences [raw series] 
Comedy snow. (S) 1245 

140 The Worid at One: News 
1.40 The Archers. 145 

Stimpmo Forecast 
News: womans l 

240 News: Woman' s Hour, 
includes a feature about 
a former Anglican bishop in 
Uganda who now faves in 
Northern Ireland. 

340 News; The Afternoon 
Ptay: The Bishop s Wife 
by Frederick Brednum. With 
Jenny Funnel!. Adam 
Godiey and Elizabeth Bell (s) 

440 News 

445 The News Huddfines. 

Roy Hudd. June Whitfield 
ana Chris Emmettiaugh at 
the new s 

440 Katodoscope. A second 
cnance to hear last 

night's edition which 
includes comment on 
Tune, with CliH Richard. 

540 PM: News magazine 540 
Snipping Forecast 

6.00 The Six O'clock News: 
Financial Report 

640 Going Places. An insight 
into Heathrow Airport s 
new Terminal Four. 

7.00 News 

7.05 The Archers 
740 Pick of ms Week. 

Margaret Howard 
presents her selection of 

extracts from BBC radio 
programmes over the fast 

840 Stop Press. Geoffrey 
Goodman examines the 
newspaper scene m Britain. 

8.45 Any Questions? Tom 
King, MP. Dams Healey. 

MP. Roy Jenkins. MP and 
Bei Mooney tackle 
issues raised by tne 
audience in Batn. Avon. 

940 Letter from Amenca by 
Alistair Cooke. 

9-45 Kaleidoscope, includes 
comment on Volpone. 
the Birmingham Rep 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: The 
Battle of Pollock 's 
Crossing (51 Read by Keith 
Dnnkel. 1029 Weatner 

1040 The World Toniqnt 

11.00 News: Today in 

11.15 The Financial World 

1140 Wew Ending. A satirical 
review of the week's 


Shipping Forecast 
VHF (available In England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 545-640am Weather. 
Travel. 1.55- 240pm 
Listening Comer. 540-545 
PM (continued). 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave, except for VHF 
varlations.glven at end of Radio 3 
645 Weather. 740 News 
745 Morning Concert Mozart 
(Divertimento m D, K 
136). Handel (Recitative and 
ana: Love m her eyes sas 
piayng: Pears, tenor). 
Schubert (Sonata in A 
minor. D 821. Arpeggtone: 
Gendron and Francaix). 
Britten (Prefude and Fugue 
for String Orchestra. Op 
29). 840 News 
845 Concert (contd). 

Tchaikovsky (Bluebird 
pas de deux, rrom Sleeping 

Beauty). Bkss (Rout, with 
Gale, soprano). Scnumann 

(String Qua cat in F. Op 
41 No 2). Mamnu (Frescoes 
of Piero della Francesca). 

9.00 News 

945 This Week's Composer 
Bartok. Concerto for two 
ptanos.percussion and 
orchestra), ana the Vide 
Concerto (Menuhin and New 

1040 The Basset Horn 
Revived: Thea Kma 
/cJannetLSteptien Trier 
c«nnet). Daphne Down 
l dan net). Georgina 
Dobree (basset hom). 
Malcolm Bums 
(piano). Works by Miroslav 
Kreici. Jarosiav Master, 
and Mendelssohn 
(Konzertstuck No 1 in F 
minor. Op 113) 

1045 Mozart and After. Mozart 
(ana Ai aesio de cm Y 
a Cora: Pnce soprano). Peter 
von Winter (Concertino in 
E flat Micnaeis.ciartnet and 

11.10 Langham Chamber 
OrcnesnB:wrtn 0*ga 
Hsgedus (ceuo connnuo). 
Ceka Harper 
(harpsichord continue). 
Vivaldi (Concerto in F 
major, RV 142). Stanley 
(Concerto in A. Op 2 No 

5). Mozart (Divertimento m F 

11.45 Australian and American 
Songs: Elizabeth 
Campbell (mezzo). Paul 


(piano). Works by Peter 
ScuMfiorpe and Ives 

12.10 BBC Philharmonic 
Orchestra (under 
Downes). With Cocke Oussat 
(piano). Pan one. Nicolai 
(Merry Wives of Windsor 
overture). Beethoven 
(Piano Concerto No 2). 140 

145 Co heart part two. 

KomnoW ((Smfonietta) 

145 Phyllis Tata. Ardrtti String 
Quartet members with 
David Cowley (oboe). 
Rainbow and the Cuckoo 

2.15 Medtner Piano Music: 
Hamtsh Mina (piano) 
plays Three Hymns of Toil. 
Op 49; Sonata in G 
minor, ft) 22: Three 
Novelettes. Op 17 
340 sThe Coohdge 

Commissions: Rebecca 
Cferke (Viola Sonata: 
Kadousek. viola and 
Novotnapiano). Bndge 
(String Quarts! No 3) 

345 Cricket Fifth Test, in 
Antigua. Continues on 
medium wave until 54S 
640 Music for Guitar.David 
Russell plays works by 
Sentorsoia. Rodrigo. 
Frances Kleynjans and 
Eduardo Fan 
7.05 Telemann: Vienna 

Concemus Musicus play 
the Ouverture in D major 
740 Detrne String Quartet 
pan one. Haydn (Quartet 
In G, Op 54 No 1). and 
Robert Simpson (Quartet 
No 2) 

&10 In the Midst of Silence: 

Clare Bon ass reads 
poems by the Russian poet 
Irina Ratushmskaya 
840 Deline String Quartet 
Sibelius (Quartet m D 

9.10 BBcJcottteh SO (under 

Mendelssohn (Midsummer 
t's Dream overture, 
and wedding march, 
□gar (Serenade in E 
minor tor strings). Ravel 
(Vaises nobles et 

CaruU (Nottumo In A , Op 
128 No IV Bettni (Ah, 
non credea rnrarti). Respighi 
(Notts Trapicale). Vivaldi 
(Concerto in E. mV 270) 

1147 News. 1240 Closedown 
VHF d«y: 4.00 Owral 
Evensong. from Chapel ot Clara 
College. Cambridge. 445 
News. 5.00 MaMy lor Pieestn 
(Fritz Spwgt). 

10-15 The HBftat|i*t Yams: 
musical fife m Paris in 
1 926-27. The terth of Roger 
Boger Nichols’s 
1140 ktorturra: VNafel 

(Concern tn G minor. Op 
10 No 2L MontBrvertH (Hof 
cw'ei dale la terra). . 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. For VHF 
stereo, see Radio 1. 

News on tne hour (except 
S40pm and 940) Headkras 
54tem. 840. 740 and 840. 

Sport: Cncketr Flftti Test. West- 
Indies v England tram St Johns. 
Antigua. Goth US Masters, from 


only). 945. 1142. 1245am. . 
4.00am Cohn Berry (s) 540 Ray 
Moore is) 740 Derek Jameson (s) 
940 Ken Bruce (s) 1140 Jtonmy 
Young plus legal problems 
answered by &H Thomas is) 
145pm Dawd Jacobs (at 240 
Gtona Huraufofd (s) 340 David - 
Hamilton (s) 545 John Dunn (a) 

7.00 Hubert Gregg seys Thanks 
for the Memory (s) 7 SO Fnday 
Night s Music Night (s) 940 
The Organist Entertains (Nigel 
~- J — is)P” — 

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1140 Stuan Hai (stereo from 
nudragW) 1.00am Bin Rermete 
(s) 3.WF4-00 A Little Night Music 

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6.00am Adrian Jonn 740 Mike 
Read 940 Sanon Bates 1240 
Newsbeat (Frank Panndge) 

1245 Gary Dawes 340 Pa (6 Jordan 
540 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 5.45 Bruno Brookes 740 
Andy Peebles 1040-1240 The 
Fnday Rock Show (a) VHF Racflos 1 
52. 4.00am as Radio 2. 

1240pm As Radio L 1240-4JXfem 
As Radio 2. 


640 Nawscesk 430 Martian 740 raws 
749 Twamy-Four Hous 7J0 Jazz from 
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6.00 Mews 449 ReBacttire 4.15 EnoSsti 
Song 840 Muse Now 940 Naws 949 
Raraw at me Braan Press 9.15 The 
MWO Toast 440 Rnanoa* fMwa 440 
Look Ahead 946 A Short Waft In tm 
Hindu Kush 1040 raws 1041 TIM Oassc 
Atiuna 10.15 Merchant Navy Programma 
1140 News 1149 Naws About Britan 
11.16 hi tha Meantme 1146 A Laaar tnxn 
Northern Ireland 1140 M a ti a n IfOO 

now? zw wtow « rri 

Radio NawsreW XU AspemscX Love 440 

News 449 Commenwy 4.1* Soence m 
Acton 5. 45 Sports Roundup 746 adoih 
B ritain 540 News 849 TwentySour 
Hows 440 Sconce m Atikm 440 News 
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Now X4S The Hast arms Dm i040News 
1049 The Worio Today 1X26 A Lenar 
from Northern Ireland 1040 R nanoti 
News 1040 Raflecaons 1046 Sports 
Roundup 1140 News 1140 Commentary 
11.15 From the WaeUM 1140 Opera by 
insttnumts 1240 News 1X09 News 
About brawn 1X15 Ratko Newsreel 1X30 
About Brian 1X46 Recording of me 
Week 140 News 141 OuOoak 140 The 
CJsesicAbm 146 Lettnrtx* 240 News 
249 Review of the Srauft Pleas Itt 
Neiwort UK 240 PBOPM and toMcs 440 
World News 100 News About Bntan X1S 

The WWW Today 446 financial News 
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1 *-sur Hours S4S The wond Today-AI 

tames In GMT 

RBC 4-AS London except 
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porting Scotmna 7.40-8.10 
Superaca 86 1045-1046 Seechgrove 
Garoen 10S-1145 Lett. Rent and 
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1240 Waatfter. NOfTFHERN tPE- 
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1.15-140 am News ENGLAND 845-740 
pm Regional magazines. 
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55»-£ SE and SCOTLAMh Moment ' 
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wetin snow. NOimCRN «ELAND TeBy 
Addicts. EAST East on Two MID- 
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Exqyg BWggT First Left Alter 


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140pm News 140 Mr & Mm 240 Ar- 
cade 240X09 Survival 100440 Coun- 
try OP 5.15-54S Blockbusters 640 
Channel Report 640-740 One Wee kin 
May 1040 Prisoner Cei Bock H 
1140 Pfcrr Dwninqufl 1.15ara 

TCU/ Aa London excfi*945acn 

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1040 CaMorma Htanwaya 1145- 
11 40 AOvemurw 140pm News 1^X40 
fikic When Worlds Cusde 130-440 
Young Doaors &.1S-64S BwcklxisIBra 


num 1042 V 12.15am Postscnpt 



pean Folk Tales 845 firabaM XL5 
1X00 Struggle Baneath me Sea 1046 
Acaon end^ Reaction 1045 Caoam 
Scarlet 1145-1140 Man and Jenny 
I240pm-140 Survwel 140 Granada 
Reports 140-100 F*ic Flanagan Boy 
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neds Reports 130 Morahtrap 740 Atixon 
Mamat74»440 T j Hooker 1X30 
This Ernlana 1 140 V 1240am Live at 
WHab8ki's 118 Closedown. 

BORDER SSSSoasa^asm 

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News 140-100 F»nv Escon far Hire 
340440 Young Doctors 600 
Lookmorati &A Another Brtie, Another 
Groom 740-740 Ataon Market 
1040 SeHahekl -A New Broom 1140 
fikn. Railway Murders 124Qaat 

ANGLIA London 

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1045 Cartoon 10.40 CaMomra Hkm- 
wavs 1145-H48 Aovamurer 140pm 
News 14X340 film: Take my ute 
6.15-545 Biockousmrs 640 Abcwt AngMa 
740-7 jo ABson Market 1040 Cross 
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HTV WE^T ks London ex- 
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140-340 F*m Appowmem m Hon- 
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740 Anon Market 74X440 Riptide 
1040 Your Say 1X45 The West and 
Westminster 11.15 FumrPamtMea 
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1140 Arouno me Work! with Lennv 
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640 North To nt^it 740 Atxon 
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1045 Graeme Ghouiies 11.-1140 
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240 ArcaOs 240-840 SurvNai 130- 
440 Country Gp 5.16-545 BfaCkbustara 
640 Coast to Coast 640 Thai s Gw- 
daring 740-740 Me and My Q« 1X30 

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Bockbusfers 140pm (News 14IF 
340 film: Miranda 640 News 645find A 
Fam*y 7.00 Albion Mamet 740440 
KmgM Ruler. 1040 Central weekend 
1240 ram. Damnation ABey 140am 

CAT! Stars: 140pm Countdoem 

140 Worid of Animation 240 
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1140 Sport Bdly «f»:11^tara»n 
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640 Sportscast 640 *0w» wrtn 
Anne Hailes 740 Atan" Market 740-640 
Knout Rtiw 1040 WHnesi 1049 _ 

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press 1240am Naws. Ooaadown. 


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740-640 Fat Guy 1X30 FNo. The Laia 
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HU Comedy by Richard Hands 

□trotted by JuJU HcKhck 

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Grp Sato 930 6123 





Preview* from Aork 22 
FiTti Night May 7 


Lyric i wmi M m i 01 741 
2311. Liu 7.46. Wra Mats 230. 
Sal Mato 4J5. 


LYBB 6 IUSIO 1 From 51 April 

angry housewives. 

T B W C VK B8 6 363 Tbaatr 


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1060 CC 01-434 13SO 01-734 
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HnffiDOE WA RI W 6 

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Directed by John Dealer 
"Creeled with turn unci 
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Wed Mato 3 0. 

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LYTTELTON V 928 2262 CC 

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siagei Toni. Mon 7.43. Tomor 

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In me weKh National Opera 
production ot 


Directed by Howard Paetoe 
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By JB PnnOto 

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A niuatrai Play by ROBPl RAY- 

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Political hypocrisy at Games 

nn,! _ I g/t . wmiwuvuai IWJLiflUUU 

TOfcK b mockery jjf . the taias African members, 
nuenuawnri anta+partund The International Olympic 

£*■*> S? “L *??? Committee exhorted the van- 
sport. At the centre of this ous international sports feder- 
oontroversiaJ competition hes ations not to send competitors 
ft® ?S ^ Sovlct » th«e Games, in spite of 

r which there have been dan- 

Bankarena destine Americans, Europeans 
at Ellis Park, the South Afri- ^ j apanese - among them 
can gymnasts team wu com- ^ England women's judo 
Pf 1 ?. a fi tily-fiedffid team _ competing in wres- 

Unrted States team, seemingly nine ,uda cyding and 
without any protest from the jmSsb. J ^ 

majority of those nations who * • ■ 

international federation con- alongside Soviet gymnasts, 
tains African members. Hugo Olivier, the president 

of the South African Gymnas- 
tics Federation, believes dial 
they have retained their inter- 
national affiliation because 
they have put no pressure on 
the international federation or 
IOC by attempting to compete 
in the world championships or 

“I have a very good rela- 
tionship with Mr Titov," Mr 

y protest worn me smash.' " ' Jraiship with Mr Titov," Mr 

those nations who . Olivier says. It is his opinion 

itdy m my view . * n Aro ? lca ° , ™ a ^^ rt " that other South African 
the cases of a held campaign, led by sports have encountered inter- 

■ tnMc Asbe, the former Wimbledon national hostility because thev 

New safely measnresaw to fc 

MMith fyf 1 **”! by one of 
mate controlling bodies 
as a result of wedier 

tragedy. Soaft Africa, wtochtes 

strong representation on the 
Worid Baxtog Assodstwtfs ex- 
ecutive, Is to propose flat refer- 
ees be oblfed to stop boots 
tafio^ as soon as a baser s 
bskf. Other measures are also 

Folly st 

^frtemSioSs^riso^ issoe is expected to be raised 

0" then- return. 

the point that the re-admis- The political double stan- 
sion of South Africa in certain dard was exemplified during a 
integrated sports could now be reception given by the South 

justified. African Gymnastic Federa- 

Whal is exceptional about tion - An unsolicited speech of 
this competition is that it is an «*bsurd equivocation, embar- 
offidaily recognized event on rasang to those Britons who 
the calendar of the Interna- were present, was delivered by 

tional Gymnastics Federation, Sir James Scou-Hopkins. a 
and has therefore received the British member of the Europe- 
aanct ion of the president of an Parliament, who attempted 
the IGF to heep an ingratiating foot in 

of the 

committee of the Olympic ' Robert. Cowan, the chief 
Gaines in. Moscow in 1.980. coach accompanying the US 
International gymnastics is team, said yesterday: "We are 
dominated by the Soviet not here to support a racist 
Union, East Germany and government, but to take part 
Romania. in snort We are a nation born 

petition. He stressed the ne- 
cessity for South Africa to be 
patient, to play a waiting 
game, and to work at the 
expansion of domestic 

Max Bangerter, the general 
secretary of the international 
federation, told me from the 
Swiss headquarters yesterday: 
"South Africa is still a mem- 
ber of the federation, so it is up 
to them to look for competi- 
tions. We have nothing 
against that. According to our 
statutes, there should be no 
political influence in die sport, 
though we do not report South 
Africa's result in our bulletin 
so as not to have trouble with 
the IOC 

"We wouldn't want to be 
involved in this problem, and 
we don't wish to provolte an 
East-West separation. Wind 
the Americans do is then- 
decision, and depends wheth- 
er or not they are afraid of 
repercussions. Some of our 
members, such as Denmark 

United States, at the World Championship of Tennis finals ha Dallas. 


Lesser lights set the target 

Romania. in sport. We are a nation born mvmvea m tms prowemjma 

It is paradoxical that while ofJmSed like &>™h 

political world for its rugby proud to be here. decision, and depends wtaeth- Even so, there were se 

and metet involvement with The American gymnasts CT 0r not theyareafhud of femiliar feces back in 
South Africa - witness the have favoured wearing their repercussions. Some of our reckoning for the first n 
amtraveny surrounding Gra- official blazers, not wishing to members, such as Denmark championship of the 
bam Gooch in theWest Indies hide their identity. Cowan for do not give the season, 

and the cancellation of the says that some of the mens Africans visas to attend Tom Watson has not 
rugby tourTifiis' summer .Tn ~ team," which includes their a ggj a com petition" in on American soil for two; 
order to protect the Common- most promising teen ag e r s, Denmark.'* . but he made an encourt 

: 5 - : . CRICKET 

Botham will have to be quick 

BiD Kratzert has won only 
once in the last six years, but 
his ’lack of success did not 
hinder his progress in the’ 
fiftieth US Masters as be put 
together a four- under-par first 
round of 68 on the Augusta 
National course here yester- 
day. Kratzert, aged 33, from 
Fort Wayne, Indiana, estab- 
lished the early target with a 
round that included five bird- 
ies. He was later joined at the 
top of the leader board by his 
compatriot, Ken Green. 

The prominence of Kratzert 
and Green continued the re- 
cent success rate of the lesser 
known American golfers. 
Even so, there were several 
famili ar feces back in the 
reckoning for the first major 
championship of the 1986 

Tom Watson has not won 
on American sofi for two yearn 
but he made an encouraging 

From Mitchell Platts, Augusta, Georgia 

start, with a score of 70. Greg 
Norman, of Australia, also left 
behind his indifferent form of 
late with a 70 and then Ben 
Krenshaw, the 1984 Masters 
champion, completed a 71. 

Watson holed from 14ft for 
his first birdie at the short 
sixth and he turned in 35. He 
made more significant 
progress at the long thirteenth 
where he was on the green 
with a three-wood approach. 
Watson holed from 20ft for an 
eagle-three and although he 
dropped a shot at the six- 
teenth, where he took three 
putts, he was clearly happy to 
emerge with a good score. 

Meanwhile, Severiano 
Ballesteros, conspicuous by 
his absence from the fairways 
this season because of his ban 
from the (JS tour, laid the 
foundation to win a third 
Masters title with a 71. The 
Spaniard completed an out- 

ward half of 35 with a superb 
approach to one foot for a 
birdie at die ninth (435yd) but 
be followed another birdie at 
the long thirteenth by taking 
six at the fifteenth (500yd). 

Bernhard Langer, the de- 
fending champion, and Sandy 
Lyle had their troubles. Lang- 
en who dropped a shot at each 
of the last two holes, complet- 
ed a 74, white Lyle, following 
an adventurous start, took 76. 
The Open champion was com- 
pelled to bole from 12ft to 
scramble a par at the first He 
came out of a ereen-side 
banker to 30ft and hoted for a 
birdie at the long second, then 
dropped shots at both die 
third and fourth holes. A 
pulled one-iron into the trees 
cost Lyle another shot at the 
eighth and he took three to get 
down from the edge at the 

Lyle a ppe ared to be in good 

shape after holing from 10ft 
for a birdie at the tenth. 
However, he failed to mab a 
birdie ax either the long thir- 
teenth or fifteenth, then took 
three putts, at both the six- 
teenth and .seventeenth to 
drop a shot on each greeen. "I 
didn't drive at all well and. m 
a nutshell, it was a scrappy 
and frustrating round,'’ said 

FIRST ROUND: Eari* tartan (US 

“Referees tad to get stege- 
frjght ad tea«e in htog over 
a fight," Dr fade 
T »lnrliBii¥ a m«nte of die 
W&ftoSta eonnittee, sdL 
“Often die ready damaging bto» 
to delivered after an eariferpMch 
diat has left a baser sfighfly 
uw a wf ii IBs barn and body 
are Aen physiologically naUe 
to withstand another se v e r e Mow. 

One of the oaost recent ora- 
pies was the bout between Frank 
Brao and fee tinner worid 

heavyweight champion, Genie 
Geetzro. Under Ihe new propos- 
al, the nface shodd have 
stopped On boot after die first 
(ranch Oat floored Goetzee. 

Dr Iafcwrfcag* says the 
WBA esecathe meeting next 
month wB be urged to take a 
“very hard carefiriloefc'* at other 
steps. Be experts wold tonteg 
to face a renewed rampri ga to 
several tomm ies far the sport to 
be banned after the death of 
Stew Watt, tire Scottish figtt- 
wright, last month. 

Among WBA ragnktions to 
the last tow yean have beat 
fi gto r w d iM it mi die um- 
ber of botes altered each year, 
and a requ irement of a three- 
awnth b y-eR, Idas fafl acm- 
tegied tests for any borax 
knocked oat to a world title or 

unless stated): 68: B Kratzert, K 
Green. 69: 0 KoduTO: T Watson. G 
Norman (AusQ. TKte. HrR MaKbta. 
B Crenshaw, D Edwards, S 
Ballesteros (Sp). 72: B Gtasson, F 
Couples: 7% O Hammond, F 
Zoofler. W Lewi, C Straws. 74: D 
Teweti, B Gardner. M O’Meara. C 
8tadter, J Steal (AJ, R Floyd, B 
Langer (WG). C Peeta, Rrahr, A 
Bean. K Knox, P Stewart, S Ran- 

Aaother rate, not yet fidly 
implemented, is designed to stop 
boxers trytog to lose too ranch 
weight to meet dm finat immedi- 
ately before a tote. 

gssft* D on new doves 

M O'Meara. C ' 

dolph (A). 76: J Haas, D PoH.^ T SHs, 
P Persons (A), J Renner, S Simp- 
son. C Drury (A), M Wiebe, M 
McCumber, L Trevino, S Lyle (Gm. 
77: 6 Ptayer (SAI G Brewer. 76: G 
McGimpsey (A). D Font B Casper. 
D Foreman, G HaJbero- . . 


From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, St John's, Antigna 

With the stint of die fifth 
Test match hoc today, En- 
gland have a last chance of 
salvaging something, however 
small, from their ifi-fafedtour. 
There are few grounds lor 
hope — except hope Itself To 
have beeaalive when England 
test -beat -West Indies it is 
already necessary to have been 
born before April 6. 1974, and 
it is hard to think that this 
span is not about to be 
extended, anyway until June 
1988, when West Indies come 
to England next 


Immunity from defeat can 
be a dangerous anodyne. As 
yet, though, it shows no sign of 
affecting these present West 
Indians and there is nowhere 
that Richards would rather 
complete a second successive 
“blackwash" over England 
than within barely a mile of 
where he was born. 

As a result of five inches of 
rain last weekend, some of 
which got on to the pitch, 
preparation fra- the match is 
behind the clock. The outfield 
still looked a mess yesterday. 


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and as with all the others in 
this series the pitch will be 
grassier than of old if not as 
fast. When the prisoners from 
the jaO just across the road 
looked alter the ground, they 
kept it in better shape than it is 
now, and they loved doing it 
Twenty-five years ago it was 
one of the best and fastest 
pitches in the world. 

Yesterday, despite strenu- 
ous efforts by the England 
manager to arrange them, 
there were no facilities to be 
found anywhere on the island 
for England to have a worth- 
while practice. The nearest 
Gatting got to having an 
innings was when he put on a 
helmet and some batting 
gloves and asked Tony Brown 
to throw him some short balls 
on one of the hotel’s concrete 

Things are not helped by 
there bring some doubt about 
Gower's fitness to play. He 
was hit a nasty Wow on the 
right wrist by Marshall in the 
first innings of the fourth Test 
and gives himself nothing 
better than a 50:50 chance o? 
taking the field today. Should 
he be unable to, Gatting will 
lead England for the first time, 
though probably not the last 
Slack is pre fe rred to Robinson 
as Gooch’s opening partner, 
which is a sad come-down for 
Robinson after his two splen- 
did series against India and 

He wifi be back, no doubt, 
though only to West Indies if 
in the meantime he has shown 
himself better able to cope 
with the shortest and fastest 
bowling. IfGower has to stand 
down today, Robinson will get 
another chance. As in the fast 
Test, the England side con- 
tains only four bowlers, with 
Ellison replacing Thomas, 
whose confidence took a ham- 
mering in Trinidad. 

If the figures from the last 
two series here this winter, 
and in England in 1984. are 
taken as a guide, England will 
score around 190 in their first 
inning and West Indies 
sf ttTM-Thfng of the ratter of 400 
in theirs. Should West Indies 
need to bat a second time, they 
are unlikely to have many to 
make to win. Which explains 
why another Antiguan, Andy 
Roberts, when asked whether 
he thought Botham would 
pick up the four more wickets 
he requires to pass Dennis 
Lillee's record total of 355, 
said that it would have to be in 
the first innings ifbe was going 
to do it Roberts even allowed 
himself a smite. 

like vultures, the newsmen 
have flown in from around the 
world to pick at England's 
remains, and not to praise 
what would be a great achieve- 

ment by Botham so much as 
to feed on his personal prob- 
lems. It was less than nine 
years ago that Botham played 
his first Test match, since 
when be has scaled many 
heights. On what seems sure 
to be his last appearance for 
England in the West IndieSj it 
would be good to see him 
finish on a worthy note. 

Gatling's return at the elev- 
enth hour also has a touch of 
pathos about it- Although it is 
over seven weeks since he 
batted against any genuinely 
fast boiriing, and his broken 
thumb is still not properly 
better, his presence coukl be a 
tonic. Smith showed in the 
fourth Test match how much* 
it helps not to have been too 
rioseJy caught up in the tour’s 
worst disaster. There are those 
who feel thatGatting has had 
too little cricket to have as 
good a chance of m airing runs 
as Slade or Robinson, but I 
doubt whether even Slack and 
Robinson would agree with 
that. In his only Test of the 
series Slack made two and 
nought; Robinson, in his three 
Tests, has averaged 9.5. 

The most we can hope for, 
perhaps, is that England 
should break the sequence of 
defeat, standing now at nine in 
a row. Ifi surrounded by so 
many distractions, subjected 
to such wholesale criticism, 
unnerved by so many col- 
lapses and opposed by a much 
stronger side, they can do 
themselves some sort of jus- 
tice, a draw should not be 
beyond them. This will be the 
fourth Test match played m 
Antigua and there have always 
been runs to be had here. 

In 1980-8] Willey and Boy- 
cott both made hundreds for 
England, while in 1982-83 
Amarnath and Shastri did so 
for India. The trouble has 
been, of course, that the West 
Indians have always scored 
more. Their lowest total has 
been 468 fin- nine declared, 
against England five years ago. 
In 1982-83^ they got 550 
against India ; against Austra- 
lia in 1983*84 they settled for 

By both past and present 
West Indian cricketers it is 
considered that except in the 
first Test match at Sabina 
Park die pitches have been 
nothing like as bad for batting 
as England have made them 
appear. The truth, I think, lies 
somewhere between the two 
views. What is less in dispute 
is that die same degree of 
courage and technique, the 
same high level of perfor- 
mance and determination, 
may not be required of En- 

e again until they return 
iext in four years* time. 

Britain are 
for medal 

From Sydney Frisian 

Marathon runs 
into trouble 

By Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 



The Cricketers Association 
voiced their disapproval yes- 
terday at the cancellation of 
the Bangladesh and Zimba- 
bwe Iras of this winter’s 
England B tour. In a statement 
issued on behalf of die 130 
members at their meeting in 
Edgbaston by tbeir chairman, 
GeofFCook, the Northampton 
captain, they also called for 
the International Cricket Con- 
ference to ensure its own roles 
and regulations arc fully ob- 
served by all its members in 

Willey doubt TOT 

overs), rata 

Peter Willey, who flew rL^l 
home on Wednesday from LI 1U! 
England's cricket tour of the Yorkshi 
West . Indies after damaging Oub yes 
his right knee on a . training plans to 
run, underwent surgery in a warehouse 
Northampton hospital yester- school, at 
day. A hospital spokesman The build 
said later that Willey was Herbert i 
resting comfortably. Headings 

The London Marathon 
faces a drastic reduction in its 
number of participants from 
next year. The problem has 
arisen because of the lack of 
assurances from the Prime 
Minister and from pick 
Tracey, the Minister for Sport, 
over the continuing use of 
County Hall and adjacent 
space near ihe race finish. 

The 1986 race, on Sunday 
week, will have around 22,000 
runners, but Chris Brasher, 
the race director, said yester- 
day: "In 1987 the biggest 
marathon field in the world 
coukl be cut by up to 10,000 
and entry fees nse by 50 to 100 

• Because of cuts in the- 
Metropolitan Police’s fund- 
ing, the marathon organizers 
have been asked to pay 
£63,000 fra the carection of 
barriers around the course. 
Last year’s race surplus was 
£65,000, winch went towards 
recreational facilities in the 
seven London boroughs 

« which the race is run. 
t could go to, " Brasher 


' Brasher maintains that the' 
use of County Hall and the 
adjacent Jubilee Gardens, car 
paiks and Royal Festival Hall 
is crucial to the continuation 


of the marathon in its present 

■ Denis Cana van, the Labour 
MP for Falkirk West, and 
Gary Waller, Conservative 
MP for Keighley, both of 
whom are r unning the mara- 
thon, are unite? in their 
concern for the future of the 
race, and Cana van said yester- 
day that he intends to lay 
down a qnestion in parliament 
in the next few weeks, and to 
solicit an all-party group to 
push for action. 

It is tiie desire to maintain 
what Brasher calls "the best 
race finish in the world" — on 
Westminster Bridge with Big 
Ben in the background — that 
is behind tire reclamation of 
County HalL Brasher is hop- 
ing that after the Government 
sale. County Hail wifi be 
reopened as a hold, “in which 
case we would be prepared to 
pay the £25,000 that we 
already pay for accommoda- 
tion in order to use it". 

Tracey has rebuffed an at- 
tempt by Brasher to get the 
Government to put a Clause in 
the sate document ensuring 
that the new owner must make 
provision for the London 
Marathon on one weekend a 

Srafli African medical expwts 
have been wrakto g on derigtt for 
new baring stows. Sr Cfire 
Nofeto, the terra* baanPs neifi- 
cri advis e r, came a p with foe 
mnryfag cone fasten that stan- 
dard fauxon glows lose 4® per 
cent ef (hear oninoafag proper- 
ties after about 50 paches - 
nwagy no fatter than the third 
round. After 200 f riar , they 
bam hardy my C tt fete n te g 
afaOify at research at the 
unima My oi a fcnrmo sai mw i 

He has developed glows made 
of a new substance, M they have 
not yet tad mftnatfaMl ae- 
optoUfty. One stance Us 
i wn eh tt developed took 96 
per cent tf foe sting mt of a blow. 
The safaataucp is sfaahr to flrat 
ned to modeoa athletes* Tsnutog 
fetes, “B to Am you’d hardfy 
ever get a knock-down, let aleoe 
a knock eat”. Dr Noble said. 
“We need a happy h a bere" 
That balance is dif&ctdt to 
adnewe, in that reduced p a nrfa& i g 
pow e r may abo have drawbacks. 

The lumber of Mom a boxer 
receives to foe head te an glmut 
Us career can often be a more 
serious cause of brain damage 
than knock-out pnfeo. Tins 
was revealed to an American 
study, idndi con cl uded that 
there *ta4DBamrinar punch- 
es to the head evtaafly cause 
chgfait !ng gf the Into *Tffnr‘ 
Another American stndy showed 
that 83 per cent of the sampled 
boras had some degree of brain 

The drawback, then, to reduc- 
ing the power of punches is that 
more of them wfi rato down to 
ewy hoot. Dr Lahnsikagne to 
may not cause tong- ta rn harm, 
as bonis last longer and more 
Hows to tiie head ate defirered, 
rather than one “dean” kaock- 
ore punch. 

Most important, according to 
the late* tteUting, is that taxers 
he made to rethe enter — as 
son as any evidence of mfa n n 
.faato fractioning ocean. The 
praUem is to detect it early 

Star backing Lea dismissed 

Dan Marino, the quarter 
back for the Miami Dolphins, 
is due to arrive in Britain on 
Sunday to support the start of 
the Budweiser League, 
Britain's major American 
football league. 

India recover 

Sbaijah (Reuter) — India 
recovered from a remarkable 
upper-order cofiapse to beat 
New Zealand by three wickets 
with eight baUs to spare here 
yesterday in the opening 
matrh of the Anstralasia Cup. 

New Zealand, badly hit by 
withdrawals and injuries, 
would probably have brought 
off a surprising win but for two 
costly dropped catches - 

SCORES: NSW Zealand 182 tor 8 
(44 overs); India 134 for 7 (414 
overs), rata won by 3 wickets. 

Cricket school 

Yorkshire County Cricket 
Club yesterday announced 
plans to convert a disused 
warehouse into a cricket 
school, at a cost of £500,000. 
The building is opposite the 
Herbert Sutcliffe gates at 

Colchester United have dis- 
missed their manager, Cyril 
Lea, and the player-coach, 
Stuart Houston. Martin Ben- 
nett, secretary of tiie fourth 
division dub, said that neither 
figured in future manage rial 
(dans. Mike Walker, the for- 
mer first-team goalkeeper, 
who has been r unning the 
reserve team, will be the 
caretaker manager until tiie 
mid of the season. 

Douglas wins 

Desmond Douglas beat 
Bruno Parietti, of France, 21- 
19, 21-16, 21-13, in the second 
round of the European table 
tennis championships in 
Prague yesterday after being 
18-19 down in tiie first game 
(a Special Correspondent 
writes). England's other men's 
seed, Carl Prean, also came 
through in straight games, 
against Don Jos6 Maria Pales, 
of Spain, but tiie no 3, Aten 
Cooke, was beaten by the top 
seeded Swede, Jan-Ove 

The leading Sooth African 
Irate sregera, I> Bonnie 
Pteflfa, has attacked the tenting 
eatohBshmesfe measures tosub- 

He says tiie usual tat scan'" of 
foe Ira te to “useless to detect 
anything hot boss team dam- 
age, fey which tine ift too hte.” 

Even an efedro^anfiOBaph, 
he says, is mat atofideut He 
proposes tint regrisr tests be 
made oa a boxer’s caaafitaioii, 
reaction tine,.fanto foKtianhw, 
and aft er taficatoR from tin 
hegrarag effete career so that 
■ar defennatin caa be picked 

Paul Martin 

Watt venfid, page 28 

Rebel tour 

A cartv of New All 

Macfa wifi leave Wellington 
on Sunday fora series of rugby 
union international matches 
m South Africa, the Auckland 
reported on Thursday 
iw JSf wspaper ““derstands 
J 81 .*® P®* 1 * wouM be joined 

bv drill All t*u.. i r su 

mi raaats tairmn part 
“atches m Britain. *